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Sample records for kara bogaz gol

  1. Some features of mineralization and magnetism of the Kara ore field according to Pb-isotopic data

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Spiridonov, A.M.; Fefelov, N.N.; Petrovskaya, S.G.; Gnilusha, V.A.; Solodyankina, V.N.

    1986-01-01

    The genetic nature of the Kara are field, being a part of the gol - molybdenum zone of the East Transbaikal region, is considered. The lead isotopic composition of mineralization represented by veins, ore and metasomatic zones with vein-impregnate mineralization of gold-sulphide-quartz formation is measured. Investigations of the lead isotopic composition permit to connect the mineralization of the Kara ore field with magmatites of the shoshonitelatite series.

  2. JPRS Report, Soviet Union KOMMUNIST No 7, May 1988.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2007-11-02

    without remov- ing the timber, land salinization caused by thoughtless water reclamation, the drying up of Kara -Bogaz-Gol and the Aral Sea, the...reduction of prices the only solution was to lower the technological standard, work savagely and eliminate operations and stages which would ensure quality

  3. Kara Sea radioactivity assessment

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Osvath, I.; Povinec, P.P.; Baxter, M.S. [Marine Environment Laboratory, International Atomic Energy Agency, B.P. 800 MC (Monaco)

    1999-09-30

    Investigations following five international expeditions to the Kara Sea have shown that no radiologically significant contamination has occurred outside of the dumping sites in Novaya Zemlya bays. Increased levels of radionuclides in sediment have only been observed in Abrosimov and Stepovoy Bays very close to dumped containers. Evaluations of radionuclide inventories in water and sediment of the open Kara Sea and Novaya Zemlya bays as well as soil from the shore of Abrosimov bay have shown that radionuclide contamination of the open Kara Sea is mainly due to global fallout, with smaller contributions from the Sellafield reprocessing plant, the Chernobyl accident run-off from the Ob and Yenisey rivers and local fallout. Computer modelling results have shown that maximum annual doses of approximately 1 mSv are expected for a hypothetical critical group subsisting on fish caught in the Novaya Zemlya bays whereas populations living on the mainland can be expected to receive doses at least three orders of magnitude lower.

  4. GolS controls the response to gold by the hierarchical induction of Salmonella-specific genes that include a CBA efflux-coding operon.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Pontel, Lucas B; Audero, María E Pérez; Espariz, Martín; Checa, Susana K; Soncini, Fernando C

    2007-11-01

    Salmonella employs a specific set of proteins that allows it to detect the presence of gold salts in the environment and to mount the appropriate resistance response. This includes a P-type ATPase, GolT, and a small cytoplasmic metal binding protein, GolB. Their expression is controlled by a MerR-like sensor, GolS, which is highly selective for Au ions. Here, we identify a new GolS-controlled operon named gesABC which codes for a CBA efflux system, and establish its role in Au resistance. GesABC can also mediate drug resistance when induced by Au in a GolS-dependent manner, in a strain deleted in the main drug transporter acrAB. The GolS-controlled transcription of gesABC differs from the other GolS-regulated loci. It is activated by gold, but not induced by copper, even in a strain deleted of the main Cu transporter gene copA, which triggers a substantial GolS-dependent induction of golTS and golB. We demonstrate that the Au-dependent induction of gesABC transcription requires higher GolS levels than for the other members of the gol regulon. This correlates with a divergent GolS operator in the gesABC promoter. We propose that the hierarchical induction within the gol regulon allows Salmonella to cope with Au-contaminated environments.

  5. USSR Report: Political and Sociological Affairs

    Science.gov (United States)

    2007-11-02

    decades discredited itself by its brutal repressive actions, savage torture and wholesale executions of patriots. At the same time the mili- tary...days and nights of savage fighting from people’s memories. Today, on the eve of victory day, our appeal for peace is ringing particularly persistently...Turkmenistan about the Bay of Kara Bogaz Gol served as an occasion for fanning a sensation about the supposed- ly "disastrous situation of the Turkmen". These

  6. Madame Kara Walker, notre artiste

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Riché Deianne Richardson

    2008-01-01

    Full Text Available « Mon Ennemi, Mon Frère, Mon Bourreau, Mon Amour, » the epic exhibition at ARC/ Musée d’art moderne de la ville de Paris running from 20 June to 9 September, reveals the creative genius and vision of the artist Kara Walker, who was born in Stockton, California in 1969. The show is her most comprehensive one yet in Europe and includes the form that Walker has uniquely developed and for which she is best known, cut-out black silhouettes that are sometimes small and at other times gigantic and r...

  7. Kara Smigel Croker | Division of Cancer Prevention

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kara Smigel Croker is the Communications Manager for the National Cancer Institute Division of Cancer Prevention. She coordinates and supports all aspects of communication, including media contacts, writing and editing of reports and responses, divisional websites, and social media. |

  8. Análise dos gols do Campeonato Brasileiro de 2008 - Série A

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    Marcelo Teixeira de Andrade

    2015-03-01

    Full Text Available O objetivo deste artigo é quantificar e analisar a ocorrência de assistências, finalizações e pontos da baliza onde a bola entrou, para comparar a prevalência das variáveis entre as equipes locais e visitantes. Os dados foram compostos por 1.035 gols, marcados em 380 jogos do Campeonato Brasileiro de 2008. Os gols foram analisados a partir de um campograma e de um modelo de divisão da trave. Os locais de assistência de bola em movimento que resultaram em gols foram de fora da área ao centro e fora da área na ponta esquerda. Os principais locais de finalização foram a grande área e fora da área ao centro. A maioria das bolas entrou na parte inferior do gol. Houve um número baixo de gols de fora da área, o que demonstra a necessidade de explorar este recurso para a obtenção do gol.

  9. Experiments on the transportation of a magnetized plasma stream in the GOL-3 facility

    Science.gov (United States)

    Postupaev, V. V.; Batkin, V. I.; Burdakov, A. V.; Ivanov, I. A.; Kuklin, K. N.; Mekler, K. I.; Rovenskikh, A. F.

    2016-04-01

    The program of the deep upgrade of the GOL-3 multiple-mirror trap is presented. The upgrade is aimed at creating a new GOL-NB open trap located at the GOL-3 site and intended to directly demonstrate the efficiency of using multiple-mirror magnetic cells to improve longitudinal plasma confinement in a gasdynamic open trap. The GOL-NB device will consist of a new central trap, adjoint cells with a multiple-mirror magnetic field, and end tanks (magnetic flux expanders). Plasma in the central trap will be heated by neutral beam injection with a power of up to 1.5 MW and duration of 1 ms. At present, physical experiments directed at developing plasma technologies that are novel for this facility are being carried out using the 6-m-long autonomous part of the GOL-3 solenoid. The aim of this work was to develop a method for filling the central trap with a low-temperature start plasma. Transportation of a plasma stream from an arc source over a distance of 3 m in a uniform magnetic field with an induction of 0.5-4.5 T is demonstrated. In these experiments, the axial plasma density was (1-4) × 1020 m-3 and the mirror ratio varied from 5 to 60. In general, the experiments confirmed the correctness of the adopted decisions for the start plasma source of the GOL-NB device.

  10. Hydrographic responses to regional covariates across the Kara Sea

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mäkinen, Jussi; Vanhatalo, Jarno

    2016-12-01

    The Kara Sea is a shelf sea in the Arctic Ocean which has a strong spatiotemporal hydrographic variation driven by river discharge, air pressure, and sea ice. There is a lack of information about the effects of environmental variables on surface hydrography in different regions of the Kara Sea. We use a hierarchical spatially varying coefficient model to study the variation of sea surface temperature (SST) and salinity (SSS) in the Kara Sea between years 1980 and 2000. The model allows us to study the effects of climatic (Arctic oscillation index (AO)) and seasonal (river discharge and ice concentration) environmental covariates on hydrography. The hydrographic responses to covariates vary considerably between different regions of the Kara Sea. River discharge decreases SSS in the shallow shelf area and has a neutral effect in the northern Kara Sea. The responses of SST and SSS to AO show the effects of different wind and air pressure conditions on water circulation and hence on hydrography. Ice concentration has a constant effect across the Kara Sea. We estimated the average SST and SSS in the Kara Sea in 1980-2000. The average August SST over the Kara Sea in 1995-2000 was higher than the respective average in 1980-1984 with 99.9% probability and August SSS decreased with 77% probability between these time periods. We found a support that the winter season AO has an impact on the summer season hydrography, and temporal trends may be related to the varying level of winter season AO index.

  11. Incidência temporal dos gols na Copa Libertadores da Améric

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    Filipe Gomide Carelli

    2017-01-01

    Full Text Available Resumo Introdução: O Futebol é uma modalidade complexa e muitos fatores podem levar ao gol. Pesquisas acerca do gol mostram existir momentos críticos dentro da partida, onde os gols acontecem com maior frequência. Objetivo: Analisar a incidência temporal dos gols na Libertadores 2014. Materiais e Métodos: O estudo é descritivo. Analisou-se 126 jogos das 32 equipes participantes. A coleta dos dados foi realizada diretamente do site da CONMBOL. Cada gol foi classificado de acordo com sua incidência em um dos seis períodos: 0-15 minutos; 16-30 minutos; 31-45 minutos (incluindo os acréscimos; 46-60 minutos; 61-75 minutos e 76-90 (incluindo os acréscimos. Resultados: Foram marcados 324 gols em 126 jogos, obtendo uma média de 2,5 gols por jogo. Os gols foram realizados em sua maioria no segundo tempo das partidas com destaque para os últimos quinze minutos do jogo onde aconteceu 25,31% (n=82 dos gols. Discussão: Marques Junior (2015, em seu trabalho de revisão acerca das evidências sobre o gol no Futebol, encontrou que 55% dos gols acontecem no segundo tempo. Na Copa Libertadores da América de 2014, 25,31% dos gols aconteceram nos últimos 15 minutos. Essa evidência vai de encontro com os resultados da literatura. Fatores táticos, técnicos, físicos, nutricionais e psicológicos podem estar levando a estes resultados. Conclusão: A maioria dos gols ocorreram na segunda etapa da partida com enfâse nos ultimos quinze minutos do jogo. ABSTRACT Incidence of the goals in the Copa Libertadores of America Introduction: Football is a complex and many factors can lead to the goal. Research about the goal shows exist critical moments in the match, where the goals happen more frequently. Objective: to Analyze the temporal incidence of goals in Copa Libertadores 2014. Materials and Methods: The study is descriptive. Analyzed 126 sets of 32 participating teams. The data collection was carried out directly from the CONMBOL Web site. Each goal

  12. The GOL-NB program: further steps in multiple-mirror confinement research

    Science.gov (United States)

    Postupaev, V. V.; Batkin, V. I.; Beklemishev, A. D.; Burdakov, A. V.; Burmasov, V. S.; Chernoshtanov, I. S.; Gorbovsky, A. I.; Ivanov, I. A.; Kuklin, K. N.; Mekler, K. I.; Rovenskikh, A. F.; Sidorov, E. N.; Yurov, D. V.

    2017-03-01

    Physical and technical details of the GOL-NB project are presented. GOL-NB is a medium-scale multiple-mirror trap that is under development in the Budker Institute, Novosibirsk, Russia. This device will be created in several years as a deep conversion of the existing GOL-3 facility. It will consist of a central trap with two 0.75 MW neutral beams, two multiple-mirror solenoids, two expander tanks and a plasma gun that creates the start plasma. The central trap with the neutral beam injection-heated plasma is a compact gas-dynamic system. The multiple-mirror sections should decrease the power and particle losses along the magnetic field. The confinement improvement factor depends on plasma parameters and on the magnetic configuration in the multiple mirrors. The main physical task of GOL-NB is direct demonstration of the performance of multiple-mirror sections that will change equilibrium plasma parameters in the central trap. In this paper we discuss results of the scenario modeling and progress in the hardware.

  13. Si Israel aceptase refugiados sirios en los Altos del Golán

    OpenAIRE

    Plotner, Crystal

    2014-01-01

    ¿Podría la reapertura de los Altos del Golán a los sirios desplazados por el conflicto ser una opción beneficiosa para quienes huyen del conflicto sirio y para las relaciones de Israel con sus vecinos del noreste?

  14. Inventories and distributions of radionuclides in the Kara Sea

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Povinec, P.P.; Baxter, M.S.; Gayol, J.; Huynh-Ngoc, L.; Liong Wee Kwong, L.; Osvath, I. [International Atomic Energy Agency, Monaco (Monaco). Marine Environment Lab.

    1997-12-31

    Temporal and spatial trends in the distribution of radionuclides in the Kara Sea have been studied. The radionuclides, bathymetry, salinity and temperature data for the open Kara Sea, as well as for the Novaya Zemlya Bays, have been input to the Global Marine Radioactivity Database and evaluated. The radionuclide data show that concentrations of {sup 90}Sr and {sup 137}Cs in surface waters of the Kara Sea decreased from about 40 and 20 Bq m{sup -3} respectively (as measured in 1963) to the present values of about 5 and 6 Bq m{sup -3}. The spatial distributions of {sup 90}Sr, {sup 137}Cs and {sup 239+240}Pu in surface and bottom waters and in surface sediments of the open Kara Sea, the Ob and Yenisey estuaries and the Novaya Zemlya Bays have been investigated. The data show an almost homogeneous distribution of {sup 90}Sr and {sup 137}Cs in the open Kara Sea, Large {sup 137}Cs sediment inventories in the Ob and Yenisey estuaries, and {sup 137}Cs, {sup 90}Sr, {sup 60}Co, {sup 239+240}Pu, {sup 238}Pu and {sup 241}Am contamination of sediment in Abrosimov and Stepovoy Bays. However, the contamination has a very localised character. (author) 16 refs.

  15. Molecular cloning and expression of an encoding galactinol synthase gene (AnGolS1) in seedling of Ammopiptanthus nanus

    Science.gov (United States)

    Liu, YuDong; Zhang, Li; Chen, LiJing; Ma, Hui; Ruan, YanYe; Xu, Tao; Xu, ChuanQiang; He, Yi; Qi, MingFang

    2016-01-01

    Based on the galactinol synthase (AnGolS1) fragment sequence from a cold-induced Suppression Subtractive Hybridization (SSH) library derived from Ammopiptanthus nanus (A. nanus) seedlings, AnGolS1 mRNA (including the 5′ UTR and 3′ UTR) (GenBank accession number: GU942748) was isolated and characterized by rapid amplification of cDNA ends polymerase chain reaction (RACE–PCR). A substrate reaction test revealed that AnGolS1 possessed galactinol synthase activity in vitro and could potentially be an early-responsive gene. Furthermore, quantitative real-time PCR (qRT-PCR) indicated that AnGolS1 was responded to cold, salts and drought stresses, however, significantly up-regulated in all origans by low temperatures, especially in plant stems. In addition, the hybridization signals in the fascicular cambium were strongest in all cells under low temperature. Thus, we propose that AnGolS1 plays critical roles in A. nanus low-temperature stress resistance and that fascicular cambium cells could be involved in AnGolS1 mRNA transcription, galactinol transportation and coordination under low-temperature stress. PMID:27786294

  16. Business Model as an Inducer of Disruptive Innovations: The Case of Gol Airlines

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sirlei de Almeida Pereira

    2015-10-01

    Full Text Available This study was undertaken to investigate the premises that the success of disruptive innovation is related to the business model adopted by organizations. An analysis of five business models from the literature review - Bovet and Martha (2000, Applegate (2001, Chesbrough and Rosenbloom (2002, Osterwalder and Pigneur (2010, and Rodrigues, Maccari and Lenzi (2012 – was conducted based on the case of the Brazilian Gol Airlines who is recognized as a success business that promoted a disruptive innovation. The results suggest that the assertive choice of the business model can leverage innovation processes, and two of the models listed are adherence to the case studied. Keywords: Disruptive Innovation; Business Model; Innovation Elements; Strategy; Gol Airlines.

  17. Business Model as an Inducer of Disruptive Innovations: The Case of Gol Airlines

    OpenAIRE

    Sirlei de Almeida Pereira; Fabricio Garcia Imbrizi; Alessandra Demite Goncalves de Freitas; Marcelo Aparecido Alvarenga

    2015-01-01

    This study was undertaken to investigate the premises that the success of disruptive innovation is related to the business model adopted by organizations. An analysis of five business models from the literature review - Bovet and Martha (2000), Applegate (2001), Chesbrough and Rosenbloom (2002), Osterwalder and Pigneur (2010), and Rodrigues, Maccari and Lenzi (2012) – was conducted based on the case of the Brazilian Gol Airlines who is recognized as a success business that promoted a disrupti...

  18. GOL CONTRA! MAS... CONTRA QUEM? A LINGÜÍSTICA DE CORPUS E OS EQUIVALENTES DE TRADUÇÃO

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Paulo Augusto Almeida Seemann

    2011-02-01

    Full Text Available O propósito deste estudo é mostrar como a Lingüística de Corpus pode ajudar o tradutor na busca por equivalentes tradutórios entre dois idiomas através de corpora comparáveis. Para exemplificar, procuramos equivalentes em espanhol para o termo “gol contra”, usado no Brasil com o sentido de o gol que um jogador de futebol faz contra o próprio time. Os corpora compostos de textos publicados em jornais do Brasil, da Espanha e da Argentina forneceram exemplos reais de uso, extraídos com o auxílio de ferramentas eletrônicas, e revelaram as formas como espanhóis e argentinos se referem ao “gol contra”.

  19. The Status and Evaluation of Main Soil Nutrients in Xilin Gol Grassland

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Jiguang; SHI

    2014-01-01

    To reveal the soil nutrient contents of Xilin Gol Prairie,practical data on the main soil nutrient contents from 2006 to 2011 were statistically analyzed and integrated evaluation of soil nutrients was finished on principal component theory. The result showed that the soil nutrients of Xilin Gol Grassland were mainly organic matter,the content of total N,total P and total K were 22. 444 g / kg,1. 047 g / kg,0. 371 g /kg and 23 g / kg respectively,and the degree of variation of each other was moderate except total K’s little variability. The contents of soil nutrients were in the moderate level,in which contents of organic matter and total N were in the moderate level( Level 3),content of total P was low level( Level 5),and the content of was much high level( Level 2). The regional integrated evaluation showing that the soil nutrients of Xilinhot was the highest level and Erenhot was the lowest level; the meadow steppe was the highest following by the typical grassland and the grassland as desertification was the lowest,provided a theoretical basis for promoting the restoration of farmland to forest and pasture and the development of animal husbandry and improving the grassland productivity and reasonable utilization of grassland resources.

  20. Sulphate rocks as an arena for karst development

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    Andrejchuk V.

    1996-01-01

    Full Text Available The rocks in which karst systems develop are most commonly composed of carbonate sulphate and chloride minerals. The sulphate minerals are quite numerous, but only gypsum and anhydrite form extensive masses in sedimentary sequences. Other minerals, which represent sulphates of K, Mg and Na, normally occur as minor beds (0.1-5.0 m, or as inclusions associated with chloride rocks. However some minerals precipitated in salt-generating basins, such as mirabilite and glauberite (typically formed in the Kara-Bogaz-Gol Gulf, salt lakes of Siberia and in China, form sequences up to 5-10 m thick where karst may develop. Due to the very high solubility of Na -sulphates, karst processes and features occurring in these rocks resemble salt karst. Thus, the term sulphate karst, although not strictly correct, is used mainly to indicate karst developed in gypsum and anhydrite.

  1. Belugas (Delphinapterus leucas of the Barents, Kara and Laptev seas

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    Andrei N Boltunov

    2002-07-01

    Full Text Available This paper reviews published information on the white whale or beluga (Delphinapterus leucas inhabiting the Barents, Kara and Laptev seas. Some data obtained during multi-year aerial reconnaissance of sea ice in the Russian Arctic are also included. Ice conditions, considered one of the major factors affecting distribution of belugas, are described. The number of belugas inhabiting the Russian Arctic is unknown. Based on analysis of published and unpublished information we believe that the primary summer habitats of belugas in the Western Russian Arctic lie in the area of Frants-Josef Land, in the Kara Sea and in the western Laptev Sea. Apparently most belugas winter in the Barents Sea. Although it has been suggested that a considerable number of animals winter in the Kara Sea, there is no direct evidence for this. Apparent migrations of animals are regularly observed at several sites: the straits of the Novaya Zemlya Archipelago, the waters north of the archipelago, and Vilkitskiy Strait between the Kara and Laptev seas. Calving and mating take place in summer, and the beluga mother feeds a calf for at least a year. Females mature earlier than males, and about 30% of mature females in a population are barren. Sex ratio is apparently close to 1:1. The diet of the beluga in the region includes fish and crustaceans and shows considerable spatial and temporal variations. However, polar cod (Boreogadus saida is the main prey most of the year, and whitefish (Coregonidae contribute in coastal waters in summer. Usually belugas form groups of up to 10 related individuals of different ages, while large aggregations are common during seasonal migrations or in areas with abundant and easily available food. Beluga whaling in Russia has a history of several centuries. The highest catches were taken in the 1950s and 1960s, when about 1,500 animals were caught annually in the Western Russian Arctic. In the 1990s, few belugas were

  2. Examining Individual Differences in Interpersonal Influence: On the Psychometric Properties of the Generalized Opinion Leadership Scale (GOLS).

    Science.gov (United States)

    Batinic, Bernad; Appel, Markus; Gnambs, Timo

    2016-01-01

    Opinion leadership describes an individual's tendency to informally influence others' attitudes and overt behaviors. In contrast to contemporary views of opinion leadership as a highly domain-specific trait, this paper introduces a multi-faceted personality trait, generalized opinion leadership (GOL) that characterizes exceptionally influential individuals independent of a specific subject area. Two studies report on the psychometric properties of a scale to assess GOL. Study 1 is based on three independent samples (N = 1,575, N = 1,275, and N = 231) and demonstrates the factorial structure of the instrument and its measurement invariance across sex, age, and educational levels. Study 2 (N = 310) analyzes multitrait-multiinformant data to highlight the scale's discriminant validity with regard to innovativeness and trendsetting.

  3. Dumping of radioactive waste and investigation of contamination in the Kara Sea. Results from 3 years of investigations (1992-1994) in the Kara Sea

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Strand, P. [Statens Straalevern, Oesteraas (Norway); Foeyn, L. [Norsk Inst. for Vannforskning, Oslo (Norway); Nikitin, A.I. [SPA ``Typhoon``, Roshydromet (Russian Federation)] [and others

    1996-03-01

    The report summarises the results obtained from the joint Russian-Norwegian investigation concerning the consequences of dumping of radioactive waste in the Kara Sea. Three expeditions were undertaken to the Kara Sea and the present dumping sites for radioactive waste. Samples of water, sediments and biota were collected and analysed. An impact and risk assessment was performed, based on the information provided through the joint cooperation. Enhanced levels and artificially produced radionuclides in the sediments collected in the very close vicinity of almost all localised dumped objects, demonstrate that leakage occur. No contribution from dumped radioactive waste was observed in the open Kara Sea. Due to the potential for leakage from the dumped waste in the future and the presence of other potential sources in the area, a regular monitoring programme is highly recommended. 65 refs., 42 figs., 16 tabs.

  4. ANÁLISIS DE LA ACCIÓN DE GOL EN EL PORTERO DE HOCKEY HIERBA

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    J. Sampedro

    2010-09-01

    Full Text Available

     

    RESUMEN

    El objetivo fundamental del estudio es analizar el rendimiento del portero de hockey hierba, desde la perspectiva del número de goles encajados en función de la zona de tiro y del lugar por donde entra el lanzamiento. Se analizó una muestra de 278 lanzamientos a portería que acabaron en gol, marcados a 30 porteros/as de nivel internacional de selecciones nacionales absolutas. La técnica de recogida de datos empleada fue la observación sistemática utilizando para ello la base de datos OBANGOHH (Piñeiro, 2006. Los resultados obtenidos determinan que la zona de la tabla, la zona izquierda de la portería, la zona GIT, y el poste largo, son “puntos débiles” del portero/a. Los porteros/as tienen mayores o menores probabilidades de encajar gol dependiendo de la zona del área desde la que tira el delantero y la zona de portería por la que entra el lanzamiento. Además existen diferencias significativas en relación al género del portero. El nivel de significación establecido fue del 95% (p<0,05.
    Palabras Clave: hockey hierba, rendimiento, portero, gol.

     

    ABSTRACT

    The main aim of the study is to analyze the performance of field hockey goalkeeper, from the perspective of the number of goals achieved depending on the zone of shot and of the place where the throwing was goal. 278 shots on goal scored to different goalkeepers of international level of senior national teams were analyzed. According to Piñeiro (2006, the technique of collection of the data used was the systematic observation; using for it the notational data base OBANGOFH. The obtained results determine that the side-boards and back-boards zone, the left zone of the goal, the zone

  5. Relationships between nutrients and chlorophyll a concentration in the international Alma Gol Wetland, Iran

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Saeed Balali

    2013-05-01

    Full Text Available This study investigated the relationships between nutrients and chlorophyll, a concentration in the International Alma Gol Wetland. Chlorophyll a is the major photosynthetic pigment in lots of phytoplanktons and has been used as a trophy index in aquatic ecosystems. Water samples were collected fortnightly from five stations in the wetland during summer and autumn. Chlorophyll-a ranged between 4.38 to 156.55 mg/m3, sulfate ranged between 138 to 190 mg/l, total alkalinity ranged between 80 to 280 mg/l, silica ranged between 3.80 to 35.00 mg/l, phosphate ranged between 0.02 to 3.70 mg/l, ammonia ranged between 0.10 to 11.90 mg/l, nitrate ranged between 0.01 to 2.75 mg/l and nitrite ranged between 0.01 to 0.39 mg/l. There was a significant correlation between chlorophyll a and nitrate, nitrite and ammonia but there was no significant correlation between chlorophyll a and silica, total alkalinity, sulfate and phosphorus.

  6. Springtime microwave emissivity changes in the southern Kara Sea

    Science.gov (United States)

    Crane, Robert G.; Anderson, Mark R.

    1994-01-01

    Springtime microwave brightness temperatures over first-year ice are examined for the southern Kara Sea. Snow emissivity changes are revealed by episodic drops in the 37- to 18-GHz brightness temperature gradient ratio measured by the Nimbus 7 scanning multichannel microwave radiometer. We suggest that the negative gradient ratios in spring 1982 result from increased scatter at 37 GHz due to the formation of a near-surface hoar layer. This interpretation is supported by the results of a surface radiation balance model that shows the melt signature occurring at below freezing temperatures but under clear-sky conditions with increased solar input to the surface. Published observations from the Greenland ice cap show a surface hoar layer forming under similar atmospheric conditions owing to the increased penetration and absorption of solar radiation just below the surface layer. In spring/early summer 1984 similar gradient ratio signatures occur. They appear to be due to several days of freeze-thaw cycling following the movement of a low-pressure system through the region. These changes in surface emissivity represent the transition from winter to summer conditions (as defined by the microwave response) and are shown to be regional in extent and to vary with the synoptic circulations.

  7. SHRIMP U-Pb zircon geochronology and its implications on the Xilin Gol Complex, Inner Mongolia, China

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    SHI Guanghai; LIU Dunyi; ZHANG Fuqin; JIAN Ping; MIAO Laicheng; SHI Yuruo; TAO Hua

    2003-01-01

    The Xilin Gol Complex, consisting of deformed and metamorphosed rocks, was exposed as a large geological unit within the Central Asian Orogenic Belt, but its forming and subsequent deformed and metamorphic time has been an issue of little consensus. Petrographic analyses and SHRIMP dating on biotite-plagioclase gneiss, one of the major rocks within the Xilin Gol Complex, in southeast Xilinhot City, Inner Mongolia, China, where the Xilin Gol Complex was identified and named, yield its lower limit age of 437 ( 3 Ma (2--) by its magmatic zircon SHRIMP U-Pb dating, and an upper limit age of 316 ( 3Ma (2--), which was constrained by SHRIMP dating of magmatic zircons from adjacent undeformed garnet-bearing granite which intruded the Complex. The Complex was thus determined to be formed and subsequently deformed/metamorphosed from the late Ordovician-early Silurian to the mid-Carboniferous. Consequently, it is not the Precambrian terrane as previously considered by most geologists. More or less, the major rock--biotite- plagioclase gneiss within the Complex is more likely to be Paleozoic fore-arc turbidite formation before metamorphism and intensive deformation, in which the detrital zircons gave sporadic Precambrian ages as old as up to 3.1 Ga. The source of the turbidite formation is multiple, which may be derived either from the North China Craton, or from the South- Mongolia Micro-continent, or probably came from a potential and undiscovered in situ terranes aged 600-800 Ma or even up to ca 3.1 Ga near the Complex.

  8. Spin-Spin Relaxation and Karyagin-Gol'danskii Effect in FeCl3·6H2O

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Thrane, N.; Trumpy, Georg

    1970-01-01

    The Mössbauer spectrum of FeCl3·6 H2O at room temperature is an anomalously asymmetric quadrupole pattern, which is exceptionally sensitive to external magnetic fields. The asymmetry of the spectrum is diminished both when an external magnetic field is applied and when the temperature is decreased....... Qualitatively, the experimental results can be explained by a combination of a temperature-and magnetic-field-dependent spin-spin relaxation and the Karyagin-Gol'danskii effect. This implies that the zero-field splitting is about 20°K between the lowest-lying Kramers doublet, found to be the |±1 / 2...

  9. Kara: A System for Visualising and Visual Editing of Interpretations for Answer-Set Programs

    CERN Document Server

    Kloimüllner, Christian; Pührer, Jörg; Tompits, Hans

    2011-01-01

    In answer-set programming (ASP), the solutions of a problem are encoded in dedicated models, called answer sets, of a logical theory. These answer sets are computed from the program that represents the theory by means of an ASP solver and returned to the user as sets of ground first-order literals. As this type of representation is often cumbersome for the user to interpret, tools like ASPVIZ and IDPDraw were developed that allow for visualising answer sets. The tool Kara, introduced in this paper, follows these approaches, using ASP itself as a language for defining visualisations of interpretations. Unlike existing tools that position graphic primitives according to static coordinates only, Kara allows for more high-level specifications, supporting graph structures, grids, and relative positioning of graphical elements. Moreover, generalising the functionality of previous tools, Kara provides modifiable visualisations such that interpretations can be manipulated by graphically editing their visualisations. ...

  10. STATUS POPULASI IKAN NAPOLEON DI WILAYAH TAMAN NASIONAL BUNAKEN DAN KABUPATEN KARAS FAK-FAK

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Isa Nagib Edrus

    2016-03-01

    Full Text Available Penelitian ikan napoleon di perairan Bunaken pada Oktober 2012 dan Kabupaten Karas pada Nopember 2010 bertujuan untuk mengetahui status populasi ikan tersebut di bawah usaha perlindungan otoritas Taman Nasional Bunaken dan pasca penutupan penangkapannya di Karas.  Metode Underwater Visual Census digunakan untuk mendapatkan data jumlah individu dan ukuran tubuh ikan napoleon.  Hasil penelitian menunjukkan bahwa rata-rata kepadatan ikan napoleon dari luas wilayah sensus 19,26 hektar di Bunaken adalah 1,71 individu per hektar dan dari luas sensus 44,61 hektar di perairan Karas adalah 1,41 individu per hektar. Distribusi panjang frekuensi populasi ikan ini di kedua wilayah tersebut menunjukkan adanya dua kelompok umur, dimana interval ukuran panjang adalah antara 15 cm sampai 100 cm.  Perkembangan populasi ikan tersebut di Bunaken selama 7 tahun menunjukkan peningkatan sebesar 427,5%, sedang di Karas selama kurun waktu 5 tahun sebesar 298%. Namun pertumbuhan populasi sebesar ini ternyata belum masuk pada kategori status kelimpahan yang membaik. Jadi perlindungan ikan ini disarankan untuk lebih diperketat dengan cara melakukan moratorium.   Study on humphead wrasse fish in Bunaken and Karas district waters recpectively in October 2012 and November 2010 were aimed to determine population status of the fish under protecting regulations of the Bunaken National Park Authority and fishing closed session in Karas.  A method used to get population sizes and body sizes was the Napoleon Underwater Visual Census. The results showed that an average of fish density was 1,71 individual/ha of 19.26 ha in area census at Bunaken and it was 1,41 individual/ha of 44.61ha in area census of Karas waters. Distribution frequencies of the fish population were under two cohorts  with body size interval ranged from 15cm to 100 cm. Population trend during seven  years in Bunaken have increased in 427.5 % and those during five years in Karas have increase in 298

  11. Radioactive contamination at dumping sites for nuclear waste in the Kara Sea. Results from the Russian-Norwegian 1993 expedition to the Kara Sea

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Strand, P.; Rudjord, A.L. [Statens Straalevern, Oesteraas (Norway); Salbu, B. [Norges Landbrukshoegskole, Vollebekk (Norway)] [and others

    1994-11-01

    During the 1993 Joint Russian-Norwegian Expedition to the Kara Sea, three dumping sites for nuclear waste were investigated: The Tsivolky Bay, the Stepovogo bay and an area in the open Kara Sea (The Novaya Zemlya Trough). Dumped waste was localized and inspected in the Tsivolky Bay and in the Stepovogo Bay using side scanning sonar and underwater camera. In the Stepovogo Bay, the dumped nuclear submarine no. 601, containing spent nuclear fuel was localized. Samples of waters, sediments and biota were collected at nine stations and later analyzed for several radionuclides (gammaemitters, {sup 90}Sr, {sup 238}Pu, {sup 239,240}Pu and {sup 241}Am). The analyses of the samples al the following conclusions to be drawn: (1) Elevated levels of {sup 137}Cs and {sup 90}Sr and presence of {sup 60}Co were observed in the inner part of the Stepovogo Bay, and in one sample collected close to the hull of the dumped nuclear submarine in the Stepovogo Bay. {sup 60}Co was also observed in the Tsivolky Bay. This radioactive contamination most likely originates from the dumped radioactive material. It may be due to leaching from the waste. (2) The enhanced levels of contamination caused by dumped nuclear waste are still low and restricted to small areas. Thus, radiation doses from the existing contamination would be negligible. Radioactive contamination outside these areas is similar to the activity levels in the open Kara Sea. 46 refs.

  12. Joint Norwegian-Russian mission to investigate dumped atomic waste in the Kara Sea

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2012-11-01

    In autumn 2012, a joint Norwegian-Russian mission will visit areas in the Kara Sea where spent nuclear fuel and radioactive waste have been dumped. The purpose of the mission is to obtain new, up-to-date information about radioactive pollution in these areas and about the condition of the dumped items (Author)

  13. A INTERNACIONALIZAÇÃO DA GOL TRANSPORTES AÉREOS:um desafio enfrentado com criatividade estratégica

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    MAURÍCIO EMBOABA MOREIRA

    2006-01-01

    Full Text Available O artigo discute a internacionalização da GOL Transportes Aéreos S/A no âmbitoda América do Sul, identificando as alternativas viáveis à época (2005, explorando aadequação da estratégia utilizada, em confronto com suas competências essenciais, obtendo,assim, vantagens competitivas sustentáveis, as quais explicariam o sucesso alcançado embreve intervalo de tempo. A expansão internacional da GOL realizada no período envolveu aArgentina (Buenos Aires, Córdoba e Rosário, Bolívia (Santa Cruz de la Sierra, Paraguai(Assunção e Uruguai (Montevidéu. Seu sucesso decorreu da prevalência de vôos de ponta delinha, permitindo que seu custeio fosse feito considerando apenas seus custos variáveis.Nessas condições, foi possível à empresa praticar tarifas bastante competitivas, dirigidas apúblicos muito sensíveis a preço. No seu posicionamento competitivo, foi elemento essencialsua plataforma de aeronaves 737, particularmente adequadas à alta utilização diária da frota.Elementos fundamentais na articulação estratégica foram a criatividade da empresa, o amplodomínio dos instrumentos legais existentes, assim como a sua flexibilidade, adaptando-se ásvárias condições ambientais reinantes.

  14. Climate Factors Analysis of the Desertification in Xilin Gol Grassland%锡林郭勒草原荒漠化气候因素分析

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    马清霞; 王星晨; 高志国

    2011-01-01

    Make use of the meteorological data of years,season,month amount of precipitation , the average temperatures , sand storm days from 1961 to 2006 on Xilin Gol grassland. Specifically analyzes the present situation of the desertification on the Xilin Gol grassland. Research in climate warming background , studies the reasons and rules which caused the drought on the Xilin Gol grassland, analyzes the influence caused by it to the desertification on the Xilin Gol grassland, obtains the following conclusion : 1. The Xilin Gol grassland desertification is serious, the desertification area is situated the first in Inner Mongolia Autonomous Region, the desertification area is situated the second in Inner Mongolia Autonomous Region. 2. The tendency of the precipitation in spring and summer has the accurate 25a climate vibration on the Xilin Gol grassland, the characteristic of the age border change is quite prominent. There is high frequency of drought. 3. The climate warming brings the tremendous influence on the Xilin Gol grassland. 4. The high frequency of the sand storm and the drought influence each other. Meanwhile that has certain influence on the pasture ecology resources the Xilin Gol grassland. 5. The ecological environment worsens, causes the lose of the massive area land resource and the living resources. The worsened ecological environment has already affected the social economy development in Xilin Gol grassland.%利用1961-2006年锡林郭勒草原年、季、月降水量、平均气温、沙尘暴日数等气象资料,针对锡林郭勒草原荒漠化的现状进行分析。在气候变暖背景下,研究锡林郭勒草原干旱发生的规律及其成因,分析其带给锡林郭勒草原荒漠化的影响,得到以下结论:1.锡林郭勒草原沙化、荒漠化严重,沙化面积位居内蒙古自治区第一,荒漠化面积位居内蒙古自治区第二。2.锡林郭勒草原春夏季降水趋势存在准25a气候振动,年代际变

  15. Indicadores tácticos asociados a la creación de ocasiones de gol en fútbol profesional

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Joaquín González-Ródenas

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available El objetivo de este estudio fue describir cómo son creadas las ocasiones de gol en fútbol profesional, te- niendo en cuenta indicadores tácticos ofensivos y la posición del equipo rival. 335 posesiones finalizadas en ocasión de gol durante los 16 partidos de fase elimina- toria del Mundial de futbol 2010 fueron analizadas. De cada posesión, 15 dimensiones tácticas fueron evaluadas mediante metodología observacional usando el instru- mento REOFUT. El 61,2% de las ocasiones de gol fueron creadas por ataque organizado, el 18,8% a través de contraataque y el 20,0% mediante acción a balón para- do. El ataque organizado se caracterizó por iniciarse en zonas no invasivas del rival (63,4%, con acción inicial no penetrante (62,4% y usando 4 o más pases (62,0%. El contraataque se inició en zonas invasivas del rival (71,4% con acción inicial penetrante (76,2% y usando 3 o menos pases (67,8%. Las ocasiones de gol produ- cidas por contraataques tuvieron lugar en sub-espacios más invasivos (p = 0.023 que aquellas producidas por el ataque organizado aunque para ambos la Zona Retrasa- da Rival fue donde más ocasiones de gol se produjeron (42,9% vs 36,1%, respectivamente. En las acciones a ba- lón parado destacaron los saques de esquina (49,3% y el tiro libre (44,3%. Indicadores tácticos como el tipo de ataque, el nivel de invasión sobre el rival, la penetración inicial y el número de pases deberían tenerse en cuenta en el análisis y entrenamiento del desarrollo de las po- sesiones en fútbol. Además, la zona retrasada rival es clave para la culminación de ocasiones de gol en fútbol profesional.

  16. Lithospheric strength and elastic thickness of the Barents Sea and Kara Sea region

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gac, Sébastien; Klitzke, Peter; Minakov, Alexander; Faleide, Jan Inge; Scheck-Wenderoth, Magdalena

    2016-11-01

    Interpretation of tomography data indicates that the Barents Sea region has an asymmetric lithospheric structure characterized by a thin and hot lithosphere in the west and a thick and cold lithosphere in the east. This suggests that the lithosphere is stronger in the east than in the west. This asymmetric lithosphere strength structure may have a strong control on the lithosphere response to tectonic and surface processes. In this paper, we present computed strength and effective elastic thickness maps of the lithosphere of the Barents Sea and Kara Sea region. Those are estimated using physical parameters from a 3D lithospheric model of the Barents Sea and Kara Sea region. The lithospheric strength is computed assuming a temperature-dependent ductile and brittle rheology for sediments, crust and mantle lithosphere. Results show that lithospheric strength and elastic thickness are mostly controlled by the lithosphere thickness. The model generally predicts much larger lithospheric strength and elastic thickness for the Proterozoic parts of the East Barents Sea and Kara Sea. Locally, the thickness and lithology of the continental crust disturb this general trend. At last, the gravitational potential energy (GPE) is computed. Our results show that the difference in GPE between the Barents Sea and the Mid-Atlantic Ridge provides a net horizontal force large enough to cause contraction in the western and central Barents Sea.

  17. Isotope parameters (δD, δ18O) and sources of freshwater input to Kara Sea

    Science.gov (United States)

    Dubinina, E. O.; Kossova, S. A.; Miroshnikov, A. Yu.; Fyaizullina, R. V.

    2017-01-01

    The isotope characteristics (δD, δ18O) of Kara Sea water were studied for quantitative estimation of freshwater runoff at stations located along transect from Yamal Peninsula to Blagopoluchiya Bay (Novaya Zemlya). Freshwater samples were studied for glaciers (Rose, Serp i Molot) and for Yenisei and Ob estuaries. As a whole, δD and δ18O are higher in glaciers than in river waters. isotope composition of estuarial water from Ob River is δD =-131.4 and δ18O =-17.6‰. Estuarial waters of Yenisei River are characterized by compositions close to those of Ob River (-134.4 and-17.7‰), as well as by isotopically "heavier" compositions (-120.7 and-15.8‰). Waters from studied section of Kara Sea can be product of mixing of freshwater (δD =-119.4, δ18O =-15.5) and seawater (S = 34.9, δD = +1.56, δ18O = +0.25) with a composition close to that of Barents Sea water. isotope parameters of water vary significantly with salinity in surface layer, and Kara Sea waters are desalinated along entire studied transect due to river runoff. concentration of freshwater is 5-10% in main part of water column, and 100 m. maximum contribution of freshwater (>65%) was recorded in surface layer of central part of sea.

  18. What drives the gender gap in STEM? The SAGA Science, Technology and Innovation Gender Objectives List (STI GOL) as a new approach to linking indicators to STI policies

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Fernandez, E.; Schaaper, M.; Bello, A.

    2016-07-01

    There is a large imbalance in the participation of women in Science, Technology, Engineering and Mathematics (STEM) fields across all of Latin American countries despite the fact that the region has one of the highest proportions of female researchers worldwide (44% according to UIS statistics). Female researchers face persisting institutional and cultural barriers, which limit the development of their careers and constrains their access to decision-making positions. In this framework, UNESCO has launched the STEM and Gender Advancement (SAGA) project, which has for objective to address the gender gap in STEM fields in all countries at all levels of education and research as well as to promote women’s participation in science. SAGA is a global UNESCO project with the support of the Swedish Government through the Swedish International Development Cooperation Agency (Sida). One of the outcomes of this project is the SAGA Science, Technology and Innovation Gender Objectives List (STI GOL), which is an innovative tool that aids in the identification of gaps in the policy mix. Additionally, the STI GOL configures the conceptual backbone of the SAGA project, by linking gender equality STI policy instruments with indicators. By using the STI GOL, and identifying the gender gaps, policy-makers will be able to implement evidence-based policies in STEM fields. The SAGA STI GOL is a new and innovative way of contributing to the development of effective gender sensitive policies in STI fields, both in education and in the workplace. Likewise, it enables the categorization of STI policies and instruments, with the objective of identifying gaps in the policy mix and aid in the creation and design of evidence-based public policies to promote gender equality. (Author)

  19. Selected wells and test holes used in structure-contour of the Inyan Kara Group, Minnekahta Limestone, Minnelusa Formation, Madison Limestone, and Deadwood Formation in the Black Hills Area, South Dakota

    Data.gov (United States)

    U.S. Geological Survey, Department of the Interior — This dataset describes wells and test holes completed in the Inyan Kara Group that were used to create the structure-contours for the top of the Inyan Kara Group.

  20. Changes in Soil Salinity in the Ekhiin-Gol Oasis (Mongolia) According to Monitoring Data of 1977 and 2001

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    E. I. Pankova; D. L. Golovanov

    2005-01-01

    Specific features of soil salinization in the Ekhiin-Gol oasis, one of the largest oasis in the Transaltai Gobi of Mongolia, were first studied in 1977. It was shown that recent hydromorphic solonchaks forming as a result of modern salt accumulation predominate in the soil cover of the oasis. A detailed map of soil salinization was compiled, and specific features of salinization in different soils of oases in the Gobi Desert were studied. In 2001, the soil survey of the oasis was repeated, which made it possible to trace the dynamics of soil salinization within a 25-year-long period. The comparison of the data on the soil salinization in the Ekhiin-Gol oasis obtained in 1977-1978 and 2001 has shown that the main part of the oasis area occupied by hydromorphic solonchaks has not undergone significant changes in the degree and character of soil salinization. The rise in the salinity of the oasis soils is most pronounced in the area of the initially (1977) nonsaline or slightly saline meadow and meadow swamp hydromorphic soils and in the area of the formerly irrigated and then abandoned lands. The rise in the degree of the soil salinization may be caused by both natural factors (a drop in the general water supply of the oasis) and natural-anthropogenic factors (a decrease in the discharge of the springs and a lower amount of water accumulated on the soil surface in the form of icings in the winter seasons). The secondary salinization of the irrigated lands is locally developed. It is probably related to saline rocks underlying the loesslike loam. These rocks become the source of soil salts as a result of irrigation. Secondary salinization is sometimes actively developed upon irrigation with saline water from deep wells within the irrigated lands. The tendency for an increase in the degree of soil salinization may also be related to the plant cover degradation as a result of overgrazing. It leads to the formation of barrens, which enhances the physical evaporation from

  1. Microphysical and chemical characteristics of near-water aerosol over White and Kara Seas

    Science.gov (United States)

    Terpugova, S. A.; Polkin, V. V.; Panchenko, M. V.; Golobokova, L. P.; Kozlov, V. S.; Shmargunov, V. P.; Shevchenko, V. P.; Lisitzin, A. P.

    2009-04-01

    The results are presented of five-year-long (2003-2007) study of the spatial - temporal variability of the near-water aerosol in the water area of White and Kara Seas (55, 64, 71 and 80-th cruises of RV "Professor Shtockman"; 53 and 54-th cruises of RV "Akademik Mstislav Keldysh"). Measurements of aerosol microphysical characteristics were carried out by means of the automated mobile aerosol complex consisting of nephelometer, photoelectric counter and aethalometer. The aerosol disperse composition was studied with photoelectric counter in 256 size intervals from 0.4 to 10 m. About 1500 series of measurements were carried out in White Sea, and about 1400 series in Kara Sea. Chemical characteristics of aerosol were determined from samples collected on aerosol filters (92 samples were collected in White Sea and 48 in Kara Sea). The ion composition was determined under laboratory conditions. The H+, Na+, K+, Ca2+, Mg2+, NH4+, Cl-, NO3-, HCO3-, SO42- ions were under examination. Comparing aerosol characteristics of two seas, one can note that the mean values of the aerosol content parameters in Kara Sea are less than in White Sea. The ratio of the aerosol mass concentration are from 2 (Yamal Peninsula, northern part of Novaya Zemlya) to 9 times (Blagopoluchia Bay, Ob' Gulf). The differences in the concentration of black carbon vary from 3 (Yamal Peninsula) to 17 times (Blagopoluchia Bay). The differences in the aerosol number concentration NA are not so big. The values NA near Kara Gate, Yamal Peninsula and northern part of Novaya Zemlya are practically the same as in White Sea. The concentration NA at Ob' gulf is one order of magnitude less than in White sea. The obtained aerosol volume size distributions were approximated by the sums of two fractions, submicron and coarse, with lognormal size distributions. The mean volume size distribution of submicron fraction in White Sea is approximated by the distribution with the variance of the radius logarithm s=0.6 and modal

  2. A comprehensive view of Kara Sea polynya dynamics, sea-ice compactness and export from model and remote sensing data

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kern, S.; Harms, I.; Bakan, S.; Chen, Y.

    2005-08-01

    The Shelf Seas of the Arctic are known for their large sea-ice production. This paper presents a comprehensive view of the Kara Sea sea-ice cover from high-resolution numerical modeling and space-borne microwave radiometry. As given by the latter the average polynya area in the Kara Sea takes a value of 21.2 × 103 km2 +/- 9.1 × 103 km2 for winters (Jan.-Apr.) 1996/97 to 2000/01, being as high as 32.0 × 103 km2 in 1999/2000 and below 12 × 103 km2 in 1998/99. Day-to-day variations of the Kara Sea polynya area can be as high as 50 × 103 km2. For the seasons 1996/97 to 2000/01 the modeled cumulative winter ice-volume flux out of the Kara Sea varied between 100 km3a-1 and 350 km3a-1. Modeled high (low) ice export coincides with a high (low) average and cumulative polynya area, and with a low (high) sea-ice compactness in the Kara Sea from remote sensing data, and with a high (low) sea-ice drift speed across its northern boundary derived from independent model data for the winters 1996/97 to 2000/01.

  3. How does the SST variability over the western North Atlantic Ocean control Arctic warming over the Barents–Kara Seas?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Jung, Ok; Sung, Mi-Kyung; Sato, Kazutoshi; Lim, Young-Kwon; Kim, Seong-Joong; Baek, Eun-Hyuk; Jeong, Jee-Hoon; Kim, Baek-Min

    2017-03-01

    Arctic warming over the Barents–Kara Seas and its impacts on the mid-latitude circulations have been widely discussed. However, the specific mechanism that brings the warming still remains unclear. In this study, a possible cause of the regional Arctic warming over the Barents–Kara Seas during early winter (October–December) is suggested. We found that warmer sea surface temperature anomalies over the western North Atlantic Ocean (WNAO) modulate the transient eddies overlying the oceanic frontal region. The altered transient eddy vorticity flux acts as a source for the Rossby wave straddling the western North Atlantic and the Barents–Kara Seas (Scandinavian pattern), and induces a significant warm advection, increasing surface and lower-level temperature over the Eurasian sector of the Arctic Ocean. The importance of the sea surface temperature anomalies over the WNAO and subsequent transient eddy forcing over the WNAO was also supported by both specially designed simple model experiments and general circulation model experiments.

  4. A 3D gravity and thermal model for the Barents Sea and Kara Sea

    Science.gov (United States)

    Klitzke, Peter; Sippel, Judith; Faleide, Jan Inge; Scheck-Wenderoth, Magdalena

    2016-08-01

    In the frame of this study, we investigate the lithosphere-scale 3D physical state of the Barents Sea and Kara Sea region. Therefore, we test an existing 3D structural model against the gravitational field by considering the heterogeneous upper mantle to further assess the structural and density configuration of the continental crystalline crust. The resulting 3D density configuration of the crust is discussed in terms of its relationships with the spatial distribution of tectonically different domains. In addition, it provides the base for a lithology-controlled parameterisation of the crust with thermal properties to calculate the 3D conductive thermal field. The deeper thermal field is controlled by the depth configuration of the lithosphere-asthenosphere boundary. Accordingly, deeper isotherms such as the 450 °C isotherm deepen from below the rifted SW Barents Sea towards the intracratonic basins of the eastern Barents Sea and Kara Sea, indicating an increase of the lithospheric strength in the same direction. Temperature measurements of the upper 800 m below the SW Barents Sea reveal an increased thermal gradient which cannot be reproduced by a steady-state 3D conductive model alone. Beside fault-induced fluid flow to be active there, an alternative scenario could involve a phase of subsidence long enough to increase the temperature of the upper 800 m, followed by an uplift and erosion phase that prevented the positive thermal anomaly to propagate towards larger depths. The final lithosphere-scale 3D model is the first to integrate the geological, density and thermal configuration of the entire Barents Sea and Kara Sea region and hence provides an ideal base for future thermomechanical studies addressing, for instance, questions on the present-day, past and future relationships between lithospheric strength and deformation.

  5. Phase distribution of elements in ferromanganese nodules of the Kara Sea

    Science.gov (United States)

    Baturin, G. N.; Dubinchuk, V. T.; Novigatsky, A. N.

    2016-11-01

    The relation of nonferrous metals and other elements to the main mineral phases in iron-manganese ore is a matter of interest in theoretical and practical terms and has long been discussed by experts. However, opinions on this issue diverge due to the vast variety of conditions of ore formation. This is particularly applicable to ferromanganese nodules of the Kara Sea. The results published here demonstrate that the ferromanganese nodules of the Arctic seas accumulate the same range of elements as pelagic ocean nodules, but in different concentrations and proportions: the contents of most ore elements is decreased by a significant influx of clastic material.

  6. Formation of turbid ice during autumn freeze-up in the Kara Sea

    OpenAIRE

    Smedsrud, Lars H.

    2003-01-01

    A one-dimensional (vertical) model is used to estimate the mass of ice-rafted sediment in turbid sea ice on the shallow Kara Sea shelf during autumn freeze-up. Sediment is entrained into the ice through aggregation with frazil ice crystals that are diffused downwards by wind-generated turbulence. Data from local meteorological stations are used to force the model, while water stratification and sediment concentrations from the area are used to initiate the model. Model results indicate a 0.2 ...

  7. Monitoring release of disposable radionuclides in the Kara sea: Bioaccumulation of long-lived radionuclides in echinoderms and molluscs

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Fisher, N.S.

    1994-01-01

    The objective of the present proposal is to continue and extend our research on the trophic transfer of important radionuclides in benthic fauna of the Kara Sea. This project is assessing the extent to which select species of seastars, brittle stars, and clams typical of the Kara Sea concentrate and retain a variety of long-lived radionuclides known to be (or suspected to be) present in the disposed wastes in the Russian Arctic. The rates and routes of uptake and depuration of isotopes in the same or in closely related species are being quantified so that endemic benthic organisms can be assessed as potential bioindicators of released radionuclides in Arctic waters.

  8. Virioplankton in the Kara Sea: The impact of viruses on mortality of heterotrophic bacteria

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kopylov, A. I.; Sazhin, A. F.; Zabotkina, E. A.; Romanova, N. D.

    2015-07-01

    Studies were conducted in shallow and deepwater areas of the Kara Sea. The abundance of bacteria ( N B ) and the abundance of viruses ( N V ) ranged within (19.4-2215.1) × 103 cells/ml and (97.6-5796.8) × 103 particles/ml, respectively. The virus to bacteria ratio varied from 1.4 to 29.1. A positive correlation was found between N B and N V ( R = 0.87, n = 45, p = 0.05. Using electron transmission microscopy it was detected that the frequency of visibly infected cells of bacteria (FVIC) varied from 0.2 to 1.9% of N B . The maximum values of FVIC were recorded in the estuary of the Yenisei River. The infected cells of bacteria contained from 4 to 127 (an average of 12) phages/cell of mature viruses. Virus-mediated mortality of bacteria was 0.5% and varied from 1.4 to 16.1% of the total mortality of bacterioplankton. This indicates a minor role of viruses in the control of overabundance and production of bacterioplankton in the Kara Sea during the surveyed period.

  9. Modelling the potential radiological consequences of radioactive waste dumping in the Kara Sea

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Scott, E.M.; Povinec, P.P.; Osvath, I.; Harms, I.; Baxter, M.S. [International Atomic Energy Agency, Marine Environment Laboratory, MC-98012 (Monaco)

    1998-02-01

    There has recently been growing concern over the dumping of high- and medium-level solid radioactive wastes in the Kara Sea by the former Soviet Union. The largest amounts of radioactive wastes were dumped primarily as nuclear reactors containing spent nuclear fuel. The present radionuclide inventory in dumped nuclear reactors is estimated at 4{center_dot}7 PBq. Compartmental and hydrodynamic models have been developed and applied to describe the possible dispersal of radioactive contaminants and to predict the long-term radiological impact on global, regional and local scales. The collective committed effective dose to the world population based on the marine food ingestion pathway has been calculated as 2{center_dot}2 man Sv. Modelling results suggest that only radiological effects on a local scale may be of importance. The global radiological impact of the disposals in the Kara Sea will be smaller than from other anthropogenic sources of radioactivity. (Copyright (c) 1998 Elsevier Science B.V., Amsterdam. All rights reserved.)

  10. Modelling Kara Sea phytoplankton primary production: Development and skill assessment of regional algorithms

    Science.gov (United States)

    Demidov, Andrey B.; Kopelevich, Oleg V.; Mosharov, Sergey A.; Sheberstov, Sergey V.; Vazyulya, Svetlana V.

    2017-07-01

    Empirical region-specific (RSM), depth-integrated (DIM) and depth-resolved (DRM) primary production models are developed based on data from the Kara Sea during the autumn (September-October 1993, 2007, 2011). The model is validated by using field and satellite (MODIS-Aqua) observations. Our findings suggest that RSM algorithms perform better than non-region-specific algorithms (NRSM) in terms of regression analysis, root-mean-square difference (RMSD) and model efficiency. In general, the RSM and NRSM underestimate or overestimate the in situ water column integrated primary production (IPP) by a factor of 2 and 2.8, respectively. Additionally, our results suggest that the model skill of the RSM increases when the chlorophyll specific carbon fixation rate, efficiency of photosynthesis and photosynthetically available radiation (PAR) are used as input variables. The parameterization of chlorophyll (chl a) vertical profiles is performed in Kara Sea waters with different trophic statuses. Model validation with field data suggests that the DIM and DRM algorithms perform equally (RMSD of 0.29 and 0.31, respectively). No changes in the performance of the DIM and DRM algorithms are observed (RMSD of 0.30 and 0.31, respectively) when satellite-derived chl a, PAR and the diffuse attenuation coefficient (Kd) are applied as input variables.

  11. Severnaya Zemlya, Arctic Russia: a nucleation area for Kara Sea ice sheets during the Middle to Late Quaternary

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Moller, P.; Lubinski, D.J.; Ingolfsson, O.; Forman, S.L.; Seidenkrantz, M.S.; Bolshiyanov, D.Y.; Lokrantz, H.; Antonov, O.; Pavlov, M.; Ljung, K.; Zeeberg, J.J.; Andreev, A.

    2006-01-01

    Quaternary glacial stratigraphy and relative sea-level changes reveal at least four expansions of the Kara Sea ice sheet over the Severnaya Zemlya Archipelago at 79°N in the Russian Arctic, as indicated from tills interbedded with marine sediments, exposed in stratigraphic superposition, and from

  12. Severnaya Zemlya, arctic Russia: a nucleation area for Kara Sea ice sheets during the Middle to Late Quaternary

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Möller, Per; Lubinski, David J.; Ingólfsson, Ólafur

    2006-01-01

    Quaternary glacial stratigraphy and relative sea-level changes reveal at least four expansions of the Kara Sea ice sheet over the Severnaya Zemlya Archipelago at 79°N in the Russian Arctic, as indicated from tills interbedded with marine sediments, exposed in stratigraphic superposition, and from...

  13. Severnaya Zemlya, Arctic Russia: a nucleation area for Kara Sea ice sheets during the Middle to Late Quaternary

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Moller, P.; Lubinski, D.J.; Ingolfsson, O.; Forman, S.L.; Seidenkrantz, M.S.; Bolshiyanov, D.Y.; Lokrantz, H.; Antonov, O.; Pavlov, M.; Ljung, K.; Zeeberg, J.J.; Andreev, A.

    2006-01-01

    Quaternary glacial stratigraphy and relative sea-level changes reveal at least four expansions of the Kara Sea ice sheet over the Severnaya Zemlya Archipelago at 79°N in the Russian Arctic, as indicated from tills interbedded with marine sediments, exposed in stratigraphic superposition, and from ra

  14. The fate of gas hydrates in the Barents Sea and Kara Sea region

    Science.gov (United States)

    Klitzke, Peter; Scheck-Wenderoth, Magdalena; Schicks, Judith; Luzi-Helbing, Manja; Cacace, Mauro; Jacquey, Antoine; Sippel, Judith; Faleide, Jan Inge

    2016-04-01

    The Barents Sea and Kara Sea are located in the European Arctic. Recent seismic lines indicate the presence of gas hydrates in the Barents Sea and Kara Sea region. Natural gas hydrates contain huge amounts of methane. Their stability is mainly sensitive to pressure and temperature conditions which make them susceptible for climate change. When not stable, large volumes of methane will be released in the water column and - depending on the water depth - may also be released into the atmosphere. Therefore, studying the evolution in time and space of the gas hydrates stability zone in the Barents Sea region is of interest for both environmental impact and energy production. In this study, we assess the gas hydrate inventory of the Barents Sea and Kara Sea under the light of increasing ocean bottom temperatures in the next 200 years. Thereby, we make use of an existing 3D structural and thermal model which resolves five sedimentary units, the crystalline crust and the lithospheric mantle. The sedimentary units are characterised by the prevailing lithology and porosity including effects of post-depositional erosion which strongly affect the local geothermal gradient. Governing equations for the conductive 3D thermal field and momentum balance have been integrated in a massively parallel finite-element-method based framework (MOOSE). The MOOSE framework provides a powerful and flexible platform to solve multiphysics problems implicitly on unstructured meshes. First we calculate the present-day steady-state 3D thermal field. Subsequently, we use the latter as initial condition to calculate the transient 3D thermal field for the next 200 years considering an ocean temperature model as upper boundary. Temperature and load distributions are then used to calculate the thickness of the gas hydrate stability zone for each time step. The results show that the gas hydrate stability zone strongly varies in the region due to the local geothermal gradient changes. The latter

  15. Cryptic Ponto-Caspian Bighead Gobies (genus Ponticola, Gobiidae, Perciformes

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Dmitry Alexandrovich Medvedev

    2015-11-01

    In this way, P. iljini, P. gorlap, and P. kessleri represent a group of distinct allopatric cryptic species with very low morphological divergence. The start of the divergence between P. kessleri and the Caspian species can be dated no earlier than the end of the Miocene (5.8-5.0 million years ago when the Pontian sea-lake has divided into two separate brackish pools: the later Pontian sea-lake basin and Babadzhanskoe sea-lake in the southern part of the Caspian depression. But, at the same time, it can be dated not later than Pleistocene (2.0-0.7 Ma, when the last connection of the Caspian and the Black Sea through the Manych has been stopped. The ancestors of P. iljini could penetrate to the east coast of the Caspian Sea during the period of the largest transgressions, Akchagyl (2.5-2.0 Ma or Apsheron (2.0-0.7 Ma. Their isolation in the Mangyshlak Peninsula region from other Caspian Bighead goby populations has been provided by two hypersaline bays, limiting the peninsula from the north (Mërtvyj Kultuk and Kajdak bays with salinity of 30 ‰ and above and from the south (Kara-Bogaz-Gol Bay with salinity of 300-350 ‰ and above, as well as the lack of a network of rivers on the peninsula.

  16. Oceanographic profile temperature, salinity, oxygen and other measurement collected using bottle in the Barents, Kara, Laptev, White, Norwegian Seas from 1970 - 1975 (NODC Accession 0002125)

    Data.gov (United States)

    National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, Department of Commerce — Oceanographic profile temperature, salinity, oxygen and other measurement collected using bottle in the Barents, Kara, Laptev, White, Norwegian Seas from 1970 - 1975...

  17. Oceanographic profile temperature, salinity, oxygen and other measurement collected using bottle in the Barents, Kara, Laptev, White, Norwegian Seas from 1976 - 1982 (NODC Accession 0002126)

    Data.gov (United States)

    National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, Department of Commerce — Oceanographic profile temperature, salinity, oxygen and other measurement collected using bottle in the Barents, Kara, Laptev, White, Norwegian Seas from 1976 - 1982...

  18. NODC Standard Product: International ocean atlas Volume 2 - Biological atlas of the Arctic Seas 2000 - Plankton of the Barents and Kara Seas (1 disc set) (NODC Accession 0098568)

    Data.gov (United States)

    National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, Department of Commerce — Presented in this CD-ROM are physical and biological data for the region extending from the Barents Sea to the Kara Sea during 158 scientific cruises for the period...

  19. Physical and meteorological data from HELLAND-HANSEN from the Kara Sea from 08 June 1966 to 21 June 1966 (NODC Accession 9600035)

    Data.gov (United States)

    National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, Department of Commerce — Physical and meteorological data from HELLAND-HANSEN from the Kara Sea. Data were collected by the University of Bergen Geophysical Institute from 08 June 1966 to 21...

  20. NODC Standard Product: Climatic atlas of the Arctic Seas 2004 - Database of the Barents, Kara, Laptev, and White Seas - Oceanography and marine biology (NODC Accession 0098061)

    Data.gov (United States)

    National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, Department of Commerce — This Atlas presents primary data on meteorology, oceanography, and hydrobiology from the Barents, Kara, Laptev, and White Seas, which were collected during the...

  1. Temperature profile and other data collected using bottle casts in Barents, Kara and other Seas from 01 January 1963 to 26 December 1964 (NODC Accession 0002123)

    Data.gov (United States)

    National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, Department of Commerce — Temperature profile and other data were collected using bottle casts from the AISBERG and other platforms in the Kara, Barents, White, Laptev, and Norwegian Sea....

  2. Potential ocean–atmosphere preconditioning of late autumn Barents-Kara sea ice concentration anomaly

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Martin P. King

    2016-02-01

    Full Text Available Many recent studies have revealed the importance of the climatic state in November on the seasonal climate of the subsequent winter. In particular, it has been shown that interannual variability of sea ice concentration (SIC over the Barents-Kara (BK seas in November is linked to winter atmospheric circulation anomaly that projects on the North Atlantic Oscillation. Understanding the lead–lag processes involving the different components of the climate system from autumn to winter is therefore important. This note presents dynamical interpretation for the ice-ocean–atmosphere relationships that can affect the BK SIC anomaly in late autumn. It is found that cyclonic (anticyclonic wind anomaly over the Arctic in October, by Ekman drift, can be responsible for positive (negative SIC in the BK seas in November. The results also suggest that ocean heat transport via the Barents Sea Opening in September and October can contribute to BK SIC anomaly in November.

  3. PLEISTOCENE-HOLOCENE PALAEOENVIRONMENTAL RECORDS FROM PERMAFROST SEQUENCES AT THE KARA SEA COAST (NW SIBERIA, RUSSIA

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Irina Streletskaya

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available The Kara Sea coasts were studied using comprehensive stratigraphic and geocryological methods. The paper presents the new analytical studies of ground ice and Quaternary deposits of Western Taymyr and presents the results of spore and pollen, foraminifera, grain-size, mineralogical, geochemical, oxygen isotopic, and other analyses. Several stratigraphic-geocryological transects from Yenisey and Gydan Bays enable us to refine the stratigraphy and palaeogeographical reconstruction of the environments and freezing of Late Pleistocene-Holocene sediments. Marine sedimentation conditions during the late Kargino time (MIS3 changed to continental conditions in MIS2 and MIS1. Marine sediments were frozen syn- and epigenetically with cryotexture and ground ice formation. Ice wedges formation corresponds to the end of the Pleistocene (MIS2 and during cooler periods of the Holocene.

  4. KARA Havea Date With KARA

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2009-01-01

    “Pretty Girl~,Beautiful Girl~”还没哼够,“Oh Baby Honey Honey Honey”的歌声就又传来了,可爱漂亮的KARA,名字取自希腊语“CHARA”,喜悦的意思。作为SS501的同门师妹,KARA的五个小女孩也像她们的师兄一样,开始受到更多人的喜爱和关注……

  5. A short report regarding the physicochemical properties of surface water quality in Karaçomak stream, Turkey

    Science.gov (United States)

    Şuţan, Nicoleta Anca; Mutlu, Ekrem; Yanik, Telat; Dobre, Raluca

    2016-04-01

    Within the scope of present study, the water quality of stream Karaçomak in Kastamonu-Turkey was investigated. Water samples were collected from 9 stations selected on Karaçomak stream, considering the pollution points and the points, where the entrance of water into stream is high. The samples taken were analyzed in terms of water temperature, pH, dissolved oxygen, saltiness, electrical conductivity, chemical composition and heavy metal content, and for their genotoxic and cytotoxic potential. Physicochemical evaluation indicated that all samples had heterogeneous intensity of environmental influence, but the considerable impact was noticed for the third and seventh stations. The present study highlights the need for continuous evaluation of water pollution level, and is intended to help in mitigating the environmental impacts and improve environmental performance.

  6. The main moisture sources over Barents/Kara Sea and sea ice loss due to the moisture transport in winter

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hua, Lijuan; Zhong, Linhao; Luo, Dehai

    2017-04-01

    This work examines the main sources of moisture and the poleward transport water vapor over Barents/Kara Sea (BKS) during boreal winter of 1979 2015 in the ERA-Interim reanalysis product through a revised dynamic recycling model during boreal winter. The methodology computes the water vapor contributions from sources along 15-day time-reverse trajectories. The large-scale circulation patterns associated with the moisture transport process. The results suggested that water vapor from Northern Atlantic play crucial role in regulating the sea ice loss in Barents Sea and Kara Sea. It seems that positive NAO events tend to transport the Atlantic moisture to the Eastern Europe, and then Ural blocking flow further transports the moisture northward to BKS. The Atlantic moisture approximately takes 3-6 days to BKS through the moisture pathway regulated by NAO and Ural blocking.

  7. Petite Ségolène, Les règles de l’entraide. Sociologie d’une pratique sociale

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Natalie Rigaux

    2011-03-01

    Full Text Available Dans le travail de thèse qu’elle publie, Ségolène Petite s’intéresse à une question dont la sociologie anglaise d’abord (dans les années cinquante, française ensuite (dans les années septante s’est emparée avec un intérêt croissant : celle de la solidarité au sein des familles et des réseaux de relations.L’A. veut mettre au jour « les principes qui sous-tendent les solidarités interperson­nelles » (p.19 : quels types d’acteurs, au sein de quelles relations, accepteraient de cé­der une part...

  8. On the link between Barents-Kara sea ice variability and European blocking

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ruggieri, P.; Buizza, R.; Visconti, G.

    2016-05-01

    This study examines the connection between the variability of sea ice concentration in the Barents and Kara (B-K) seas and winter European weather on an intraseasonal time scale. Low sea ice regimes in autumn and early winter over the B-K seas are shown to affect the strength and position of the polar vortex, and increase the frequency of blocking regimes over the Euro-Atlantic sector in late winter. A hypothesis is presented on the mechanism that links sea ice over the B-K seas and circulation regimes in the North Atlantic, and is investigated considering 34 years of European Centre for Medium-Range Weather Forecasts reanalysis data. Four key steps have been identified, starting from a local response of the near-surface fluxes and modification of the upper tropospheric wave pattern, to the stratospheric adjustment and the tropospheric response in the North Atlantic. The proposed mechanism explains the delayed, late winter response of the North Atlantic Oscillation to the late autumn sea ice reduction, which has been found both in observations and model experiments. It also provides valuable insights on how the reduction of Arctic sea ice can influence the position of the tropospheric jet in the Euro-Atlantic sector.

  9. Lithological and geochemical typification of surface bottom sediments in the Kara Sea

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rusakov, V. Yu.; Kuzhmina, T. G.; Levitan, M. A.; Toropchenova, E. S.; Zhylkina, A. V.

    2017-01-01

    The Kara Sea is part of the Western Arctic shelf of Eurasia. The deposition of sediments in this shallow sea is largely determined by solid runoff from two great Siberian rivers (the Yenisei and Ob) and the glacial periods when the sea area repeatedly (during the Quaternary) dried up and was covered by continental glaciers. The rise of the World Ocean due to Holocene warming resulted in a significant expansion of the sea area to the south and complete degradation of the ice sheet. In this article, new data on the geochemical composition of the surface (0- to 2-cm) layer of sea-bottom sediments are considered, which reflects the spatial distribution of marine sediments during the maximum sea level. Cluster analysis of the variance for 24 chemical elements reveals sediment chemotypes, and critical analysis of their relationship with lithotypes is performed. The presented data have been collected on cruises of the R/V Akademik Boris Petrov in 2000, 2001, and 2003 and the R/V Akademik Mstislav Keldysh in 2015.

  10. Análisis de la recepción y la traducción de Almas muertas de N. V. Gógol al español

    OpenAIRE

    Hermosillo López, Alfredo

    2015-01-01

    2 Vols. (536 p., 257 p.) El trabajo de investigación que propongo, pionero en el ámbito hispánico, trata sobre la recepción y análisis traductológico de Almas muertas de N.V. Gógol.El trabajo se abre con una bio-bibliografía de Nikolái Gógol y un estudio de la recepción que ha tenido Almas muertas en Rusia, para compararla así con la recepción de esta obra traducida en el mundo hispanohablante. A continuación se incluye una breve biografía de cada traductor donde se destaca su vinculación ...

  11. Cryolithic zone and Arctic shelf under conditions of climate changes as exemplified by the Kara Sea basin

    Science.gov (United States)

    Khodzher, T.

    2012-04-01

    In 2009-2011, a number of interdisciplinary surveys were carried out in the Lower Yenisei River, the Kara Sea shelf. Comprehensive analysis of the environmental state revealed no significant anthropogenic effect on atmosphere and water bodies in the Kara sector of the Arctic. Morphotype diversity of cysts of chrysophycean algae were for the first time studied in water and bottom sediments in the mixing zone of marine and river waters. A collection was composed from 100 strains of organotrophic psychrotolerant microorganisms with different level of activity. There was recorded a great variety of spore forming microorganisms of the genus Bacillus tolerant to extreme natural conditions. Distribution patterns of organic material were determined in the coastal-shelf zone of the Kara Sea. Shores composed of glacial complex contributed a large amount of organic carbon (2-3%) to the seas. Concentrations of organic carbon and nitrogen in sediments depended on type of sediments and sedimentation conditions. Concentration ratio Corg/Norg and isotopic ratio 13C/12C demonstrated that contribution of terrigenous component to organic matter of sediments decreased towards the open sea. Comprehensive survey of 7 thermokarst lakes (from 66.6° to 72.7° N) showed that these lakes are low-mineralised (30-80 mg/l) with high oxygen content (9-11 mgO/l). Degradation of permafrost for the past 170 years was reconstructed using results of analyses of chemical and biological composition of bottom sediments in thermokarst lakes. Degradation process of permafrost causing the formation of these lakes started in the 1930-60s. Beginning from the 1950s, this process accelerated followed by temperature maxima with the time lag of 5-7 years. These reconstructions of paleogeographic conditions of the past based on studies of thermokarst Arctic lakes appeared to be prospective and require further investigations. This work was supported by RAS Presidium, Programme No. 21, Project No. 21.7.

  12. An ANN-based approach to predict blast-induced ground vibration of Gol-E-Gohar iron ore mine, Iran

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Mahdi Saadat; Manoj Khandelwal; M. Monjezi

    2014-01-01

    Blast-induced ground vibration is one of the inevitable outcomes of blasting in mining projects and may cause substantial damage to rock mass as well as nearby structures and human beings. In this paper, an attempt has been made to present an application of artificial neural network (ANN) to predict the blast-induced ground vibration of the Gol-E-Gohar (GEG) iron mine, Iran. A four-layer feed-forward back propagation multi-layer perceptron (MLP) was used and trained with Levenberg-Marquardt algorithm. To construct ANN models, the maximum charge per delay, distance from blasting face to monitoring point, stemming and hole depth were taken as inputs, whereas peak particle velocity (PPV) was considered as an output parameter. A database consisting of 69 data sets recorded at strategic and vulnerable locations of GEG iron mine was used to train and test the generalization capability of ANN models. Coefficient of determination (R2) and mean square error (MSE) were chosen as the indicators of the performance of the networks. A network with architecture 4-11-5-1 and R2 of 0.957 and MSE of 0.000722 was found to be optimum. To demonstrate the supremacy of ANN approach, the same 69 data sets were used for the prediction of PPV with four common empirical models as well as multiple linear regression (MLR) analysis. The results revealed that the proposed ANN approach performs better than empirical and MLR models.

  13. A internacionalização da GOL Transportes Aéreos: um desafio enfrentado com criatividade estratégica

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Maurício Emboaba Moreira

    2008-01-01

    Full Text Available This article discusses the internationalization of GOL Transportes Aéreos S/A in South America, identifies viable alternatives at the time (2005, and explores the adaptation of the strategy used, in confrontation with its essential competencies, thus obtaining sustainable competitive advantages, which can explain the success reached in a short period of time. GOL’s international expansion made in the period included Argentina (Buenos Aires, Cordoba and Rosario, Bolivia (Santa Cruz de la Sierra, Paraguay (Asunción and Uruguay (Montevideo. Its success came from the predominance of end line flights, which allow costs calculations to be based only upon variable costs. In these conditions, the company could offer very competitive fares, driven to very price sensitive consumers. In its competitive positioning, its B-737 aircraft fleet has been an essential element, particularly adjusted to the high level of daily utilization. Fundamental elements in the strategic articulation were the company creativity, the broad knowledge of the existing legal instruments, as well as its flexibility, getting adapted to several dominant environmental conditions.

  14. CICLO DE VIDA DO GOL VW: UMA ANÁLISE DAS UNIDADES VENDIDAS NO MERCADO BRASILEIRO ENTRE OS ANOS 1987 E 2010

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Paulo de Tarso Braga

    2010-06-01

    Full Text Available Nos últimos anos, o segmento de veículos automotores no Brasil vem sofrendo significativas mudanças em função das transformações do cenário econômico, tanto nacional como internacional. A abertura comercial e financeira do país provocou uma reestruturação do setor, no sentido de globalização da cadeia produtiva e de relações comerciais. A análise do ciclo de vida pode auxiliar a identificar a maturidade do produto, concedendo assim um diferencial em relação às empresas concorrentes. O trabalho tem por objetivo identificar, por meio da observação do comportamento das unidades vendidas do veículo Gol VW (fabricado pela Volkswagen do Brasil no mercado brasileiro no período de 1987 até 2010, a aderência entre o ciclo de vida e as estratégias de renovação do produto por parte da fabricante. O comportamento dos dados sugere fases de ciclo de vida definidas para cada geração e que a empresa utiliza estratégias de prolongamento da permanência do veículo no mercado.

  15. Income and Expenditure of the Herdsman in Inner Mongolia Autonomous Region: A Case Study of Xianghuang Banner in Xilin Gol League

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    LI Peng; YANG Ting-ting; SHI Hong-xiao; WU Xin-hong; Qin Yan

    2012-01-01

    Based on the household survey data concerning herdsmen’s families in Xianghuang Banner, Xilin Gol League, Inner Mongolia, we analyze the income and consumption structure of herdsmen’s families in the western regions during the period 2008-2009. The results show that the herdsman’s source of income is single, mainly focusing on livestock sale, with poor ability to resist risks; the share of purchase expenses of forage in the consumer spending is the greatest, growing rapidly, followed by spending on food, education and health care; there are many policy subsidies for housing. The characteristics of herdsman’s income and consumption are jointly determined by natural factors, market factors, policy factors and personal factors. Based on this, corresponding recommendations are put forth in order to increase herdsman’s income and improve the consumption structure: the herdsman should strengthen breeding techniques to improve scientific breeding and increase income, change consumer attitudes, save moderately, and strengthen ability to resist risks; the government should increase the policy subsidies for pastoral areas, strengthen education, training, health care for herdsman, and promote herdsman’s quality.

  16. An ANN-based approach to predict blast-induced ground vibration of Gol-E-Gohar iron ore mine, Iran

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mahdi Saadat

    2014-02-01

    Full Text Available Blast-induced ground vibration is one of the inevitable outcomes of blasting in mining projects and may cause substantial damage to rock mass as well as nearby structures and human beings. In this paper, an attempt has been made to present an application of artificial neural network (ANN to predict the blast-induced ground vibration of the Gol-E-Gohar (GEG iron mine, Iran. A four-layer feed-forward back propagation multi-layer perceptron (MLP was used and trained with Levenberg–Marquardt algorithm. To construct ANN models, the maximum charge per delay, distance from blasting face to monitoring point, stemming and hole depth were taken as inputs, whereas peak particle velocity (PPV was considered as an output parameter. A database consisting of 69 data sets recorded at strategic and vulnerable locations of GEG iron mine was used to train and test the generalization capability of ANN models. Coefficient of determination (R2 and mean square error (MSE were chosen as the indicators of the performance of the networks. A network with architecture 4-11-5-1 and R2 of 0.957 and MSE of 0.000722 was found to be optimum. To demonstrate the supremacy of ANN approach, the same 69 data sets were used for the prediction of PPV with four common empirical models as well as multiple linear regression (MLR analysis. The results revealed that the proposed ANN approach performs better than empirical and MLR models.

  17. Impact of continental runoff and melted sea ice on spatial distribution of carbonate parameters and nutrients in the Kara and Laptev Seas

    Science.gov (United States)

    Polukhin, Alexander; Kostyleva, Anna; Protsenko, Elizaveta; Stepanova, Svetlana; Yakubov, Shamil; Makkaveev, Petr

    2016-04-01

    It is well-known that the Kara and Laptev seas are strongly affected by large amount of fresh water coming from the great Siberian rivers (the Ob' River, the Yenisei River and the Lena River). Expeditions of the Shirshov Institute of Oceanology were directed on investigation of freshening of these two Arctic seas. We have large collection of data (CTD, nutrients, carbonate system parameters) from the Kara Sea expeditions (1993, 2007, 2011, 2013, 2014 years) and the newest data from the last expedition to the Kara and Laptev Seas in 2015. Employment of these materials along with archival data on mentioned seas gives us an opportunity to trace variability of hydrochemical parameters in conditions of changing climate. From year to year in our expeditions we see reduction of sea-ice cover on the water area of the Kara Sea, changes in freshwater discharge and different seasonal variability of hydrochemical structure under influence of continental runoff. Moreover we notice some falling of carbonate system parameters such as pH and alkalinity. Hereby we can estimate processes of acidification in the Russian Arctic and reveal main stressors. This work is supported by Russian Science Foundation (project №14-50-00095).

  18. Numerical simulation of circulation in Kara and Pechora Seas using the system of operational diagnosis and forecast of the marine dynamics

    Science.gov (United States)

    Diansky, Nikolay; Fomin, Vladimir; Kabatchenko, Ilya; Gusev, Anatoly

    2015-04-01

    The system of operational diagnosis and forecast (SODaF) is presented for hydrometeorological characteristics of Kara and Pechora Seas, which is implemented in the N.N.Zubov State Oceanography Institute (SOI). It includes the computation of atmospheric forcing using the WRF model, computation of currents, sea level, temperature, salinity and sea ice using the model INMOM, and computation of wind wave parameters using Russian Wind Wave Model (RWWM).The results of the verification are presented including simulated hydrometeocharacteristics obtained by SODaF for Kara and Pechora Seas. As well, the retrospective simulation was performed for thermohydrodynamical characteristics of these seas for the ice-free period of 2003-2012. The important features of circulation in Kara and Pechora Seas and the structure of water exchange between them in the ice-free period are shown. The use of non-hydrostatic atmospheric model WRF allows one to reproduce katabatic winds formed over the glaciers. In general, the direction and speed of katabatic winds are fairly permanent. In accordance with the nature of katabatic winds, they are intensified from warm to cold period that is well manifested in the wind map for August. The basis of the Kara Sea circulation is NewLand, Yamal and Ob-Yenisey currents, which are well reproduced with the INMOM. It is shown that the main contribution to the monthly mean circulation of Kara and Pechora seas is made by wind currents. In the western part of the Kara Sea between the mainland and the New Land in the fall the pronounced cyclonic circulation is formed that is typical for closed seas. The main components of the circulation are the NewLand and Yamal currents flowing respectively along the eastern coast of NewLand and the western coast of the Yamal Peninsula.It is caused by regional winds directed from the "cold" land to the "warm" sea. In summer,such a circulation is broken along the coast of the mainland, so that the Yamal flow is reduced. This

  19. 实验与实战:七三一部队在诺门罕战争%Experiment and Combat:Unit 731 in Battle of Khalkhin-Gol?

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    韩慧光

    2015-01-01

    During World War II, the Japanese military developed biological weapons, which size at the time the world's advanced level.In 1939, in battle of Khalkhin-Gol, the Japanese carried out germ warfare in trench warfare for the first time.Through a comprehensive analysis of the statements of post-war criminals in germ war-fare and after-war related profiles ,it explore Unit 731 joined in Battle of Khalkhin-Gol and the historical facts of carrying out bacteriological weapons, meanwhile discusses Battle of Khalkhin-Gol reference significance that Unit 731 extend bacteria weapons research and applications of epidemic water battlefield.%第二次世界大战期间日本军大力发展细菌武器,堪称当时世界“先进武器”。在1939年的“诺门罕战争”中日军首次在阵地战中实施了细菌战。本文通过综合分析战后日本细菌战犯的口供及战后相关档案资料,探讨七三一部队参加诺门罕战争并实施细菌武器的历史事实的同时论述诺门罕战争对七三一部队扩展细菌武器研究、防疫给水战场应用的借鉴意义。

  20. Kara Bela Münasebetiyle Eleştirilen Bir Ekol: Namık Kemal A Literary School Criticized on Merits of “Kara Bela” (“Misfortune”: Namık Kemal

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Hacer GÜLŞEN

    2013-03-01

    Full Text Available One of the most notable writers of Turkish literature, Namık Kemal was rather a school unto himself, owing to his pursuits in the creation of a New literature, his works and critical essays. Several prominent figures assembled around him, sharing his thoughts, and also defending him ardently. More often than not praised, he was sometimes criticized bitterly. Introducing Western literary forms to a nascent universe, he assigned importance to theater. For him, it isentertainment – but a most useful distraction. “Mukaddime-i Celal” isthe preface of the title “Celalettin Harzemşah.” This prelude wascomposed with an allusion to Victor Hugo’s Cromwell foreword. In this,his views on drama are markedly captivating. He penned his play “KaraBela” (“Misfortune” while in exile in Famagusta. Publishedposthumously, it was purported, however, to be rather a tenuous piece.“Kara Bela” was criticized in “Tenkidat-ı Edebiye – Namık Kemal - KaraBela Münasebetiyle” (“A Literary Critique – On Merits of Namık Kemal’s‘Misfortune’,” written in 1911 by Şahabettin Süleyman, among theillustrious portraits of the Fecr-i Âti (“Pending Twilight” period. Heportrays Namık Kemal as a crony of the commoners. Thereafter, headjudges that its plotline fails to align with real life. Remarkably, hechooses the less formal reference of “Kemal,” who has prevailed in theliterary realm long before his debut. Criticized in this article for hisartistic stature, Namık Kemal will be assessed with the Author-BasedCritical Approach. Evidently, this method places the artist at the core ofthe critique. Türk edebiyatının önemli sanatkârlarından biri olan Namık Kemal, yeni bir edebiyatın oluşmasında ve tanınmasında gösterdiği gayretlerle, eserleriyle, eleştirileriyle, âdeta bir ekol olmuştur. İsminin etrafında birçok isim toplanmış, düşüncelerini paylaşıp, onu savunmuşlardır. Çoğu zaman övülen Namık Kemal

  1. On the mechanism of wind-induced transformation of a river runoff water lens in the Kara Sea

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zatsepin, A. G.; Zavialov, P. O.; Baranov, V. I.; Kremenetskiy, V. V.; Nedospasov, A. A.; Poyarkov, S. G.; Ocherednik, V. V.

    2017-01-01

    The paper describes a possible mechanism for the transformation of a desalinated water lens in the Kara Sea under the action of vertical turbulent mixing induced by wind. Using a simple one-dimensional model, we show that the strongest transformation occurs at the edge of the lens—its frontal zone, where the thickness of the desalinated layer is the smallest. Because of the strong (cubic) nonlinear dependence of the turbulent energy flux on the wind speed, significant transformation of the frontal zone of the lens occurs during storm events. A series of consecutive storms can cause horizontal lens fragmentation into several zones in which the salinity increases spasmodically towards the edge of the lens.

  2. Human impact on dynamics of western coast of Yamal, Kara sea

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kuznetsov, Dmitry; Noskov, Alexey; Belova, Nataliya; Kamalov, Anatoly; Arkhipov, Vasily; Ogorodov, Stanislav

    2010-05-01

    The western coast of Yamal around the site of Bovanenkovo-Ukhta gas pipeline landfall (Baydarata bay, Kara sea) consists of two types of shore, with specific kind of human impact for each of them. These are low and gentle accumulative shores, which in this case are most influenced since the landfall site is situated within this type, and high bluffy abrasion shores. The heaviness of impact depends on degree of anthropogenic activity influencing the topography (this degree relates to proximity to main construction sites and intensity of human activity), and natural relief features, mainly its resistance to anthropogenic destruction and ability to restore itself. Accumulative shores are more resistant to destruction; main morphogenetic processes are marine accumulation (mainly within tideland) and aeolian transport, especially in areas without vegetation (tideland, beach and often the onshore sand bar). In the meantime, most part of construction (dams, roads, buildings, infrastructural sites) is located within accumulative coast, since it's generally more stable and good for construction. Abrasion coast is more prone to destruction because of human activity, but is much less subject to human impact since no direct construction activity is held here, and main types of this impact are usually traffic of heavy motor transport and allocation of construction waste (often brought by the sea). There are the following types of direct human impact on topography at pipeline landfall construction sites: 1) construction of large artificial accumulative bodies (dams, banks, sand deposits), which leads to additional sediment inflow at the site; 2) creation of negative forms like pits and trenches while taking sand material for construction (leads to erosion and decrease in tideland and beach width, rebuilding of submerged bar system); 3) change of surface properties during construction and traffic, destruction or suppression of vegetation (leads to activation of erosion). The

  3. Distribution of potentially toxic elements (PTEs) in tailings, soils, and plants around Gol-E-Gohar iron mine, a case study in Iran.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Soltani, Naghmeh; Keshavarzi, Behnam; Moore, Farid; Sorooshian, Armin; Ahmadi, Mohamad Reza

    2017-06-15

    This study investigated the concentration of potentially toxic elements (PTEs) including Al, As, Cd, Co, Cr, Cu, Fe, Hg, Mn, Mo, Ni, Pb, Sb, V, and Zn in 102 soils (in the Near and Far areas of the mine), 7 tailings, and 60 plant samples (shoots and roots of Artemisia sieberi and Zygophylum species) collected at the Gol-E-Gohar iron ore mine in Iran. The elemental concentrations in tailings and soil samples (in Near and Far areas) varied between 7.4 and 35.8 mg kg(-1) for As (with a mean of 25.39 mg kg(-1) for tailings), 7.9 and 261.5 mg kg(-1) (mean 189.83 mg kg(-1) for tailings) for Co, 17.7 and 885.03 mg kg(-1) (mean 472.77 mg kg(-1) for tailings) for Cu, 12,500 and 400,000 mg kg(-1) (mean 120,642.86 mg kg(-1) for tailings) for Fe, and 28.1 and 278.1 mg kg(-1) (mean 150.29 mg kg(-1) for tailings) for Ni. A number of physicochemical parameters and pollution index for soils were determined around the mine. Sequential extractions of tailings and soil samples indicated that Fe, Cr, and Co were the least mobile and that Mn, Zn, Cu, and As were potentially available for plants uptake. Similar to soil, the concentration of Al, As, Co, Cr, Cu, Fe, Mn, Mo, Ni, and Zn in plant samples decreased with the distance from the mining/processing areas. Data on plants showed that metal concentrations in shoots usually exceeded those in roots and varied significantly between the two investigated species (Artemisia sieberi > Zygophylum). All the reported results suggest that the soil and plants near the iron ore mine are contaminated with PTEs and that they can be potentially dispersed in the environment via aerosol transport and deposition.

  4. Can the role of the tectonic-related processes be excluded on the Caspian Sea level fluctuations?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ozyavas, A.; Khan, S. D.

    2009-12-01

    The Caspian Sea is the largest isolated reservoir in the world and located between Russia, Azerbaijan, Iran, Turkmenistan, and Kazakhstan. Its sea level is 27 meter below the mean sea level of the world oceans. Large sea level fluctuations have been recorded during its history and the reasons of these sea level variations have long been examined. While several authors attribute sea level oscillations to hydroclimatic change in the basin, some suggested that the activities associated with tectonism in the basin could have potential on hydrologic budget of the CS. The water balance of the CS from 1998 to 2005 is calculated. Evaporation is quite significant in water budget calculations in the CS due to the fact that almost all of the water input is compensated by the evaporation itself and that discharge to Kara Bogaz Gol bay is relatively small. We utilize NCEP/DOE Reanalysis II meteorological data to estimate evaporation over the CS by using Penman method. Tropical Rainfall Measuring Mission (TRMM) is the source for computing the direct precipitation on the sea surface. The Volga River is the main water source to it and 80 % of the total inflow to it has been provided via rivers. Total river runoff data along with discharge to KBG bay have been obtained from Geophysical Center of Russian Academy of Science (RAS). Even though Volga river discharge is usually of a high correlation with the sea level rise and drop until 2001, precipitation over the CS together with the contribution of the rest of the rivers has also strong influence over the sea level fluctuations for the rest of the years. Our results reveal that sea level changes from 1998 to 2005 are essentially controlled by meteorological factors. However, geological processes (groundwater outflow and inflow, mud volcanoes, tectonic activity) should be included to the water budget calculations of the CS.

  5. Methane Release and Pingo-Like Feature Across the South kara Sea Shels, an Area of Thawing Offshore Permafrost

    Science.gov (United States)

    Serov, P.; Portnov, A.; Mienert, J.

    2015-12-01

    Thawing subsea permafrost controls methane release from the Russian Arctic shelf having a considerable impact on the climate-sensitive Arctic environment. Our recent studies revealed extensive gas release over an area of at least 7500 km2and presence of pingo-like features (PLFs), showing severe methane leakage, in the South Kara Sea in water depths >20m (Serov et al., 2015). Specifically, we detected shallow methane ebullition sites expressed in water column acoustic anomalies (gas flares and gas fronts) and areas of increased dissolved methane concentrations in bottom water, which might be sufficient sources of carbon for seawater-atmosphere exchange. A study of nature and source of leaking gas was focused on two PLFs, which are acoustically transparent circular mounds towering 5-9 m above the surrounding seafloor. One PLF (PLF 2) connects to biogenic gas from deeper sources, which is reflected in δ13CCH4 values ranging from -55,1‰ to -88,0‰ and δDCH4values varied from -175‰ to -246‰. Low organic matter content (0.52-1.69%) of seafloor sediments restricts extensive in situ methane production. The formation of PLF 2 is directly linked to the thawing of subsea permafrost and, possibly, decomposition of permafrost related gas hydrates. High accumulations of biogenic methane create the necessary forces to push the remaining frozen layers upwards and, therefore, form a topographic feature. We speculate that PLF 1, which shows ubiquitously low methane concentrations, is either a relict submerged terrestrial pingo, or a PLF lacking the necessary underlying methane accumulations. Our model of glacial-interglacial permafrost evolution supports a scenario in which subsea permafrost tapers seaward and pinches out at 20m isobaths, controlling observed methane emissions and development of PLFs. Serov. P., A. Portnov, J. Mienert, P. Semenov, and P. Ilatovskaya (2015), Methane release from pingo-like features across the South Kara Sea shelf, an area of thawnig

  6. Impacto da contabilização do leasing operacional no balanço patrimonial: o caso das Cias. aéreas brasileiras TAM e GOL = The impact of operating leasing recognition in the balance sheet: the case of brazilian airlines companies Tam and Gol

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ludmila de Melo Souza

    2011-08-01

    Full Text Available As operações de leasing são utilizadas pelas empresas como uma forma alternativa de capitalização. Atualmente, esse tipo de operação pode ser classificado em duas modalidades: financeiro e operacional, em que este funciona como um contrato de aluguel e aquele se assemelha a uma compra financiada. Em termos de contabilização, a grande diferença é que o leasing operacional não integra o balanço. O FASB, ciente dessa possível distorção que a não contabilização gera no usuário da informação contábil, reuniu-se com o IASB e discutiram a melhor forma para solucionar o problema. Os dois conselhos decidiram provisoriamente que as arrendatárias devem contabilizar as operações decorrentes de leasing operacional no ativo e no passivo. Portanto, o objetivo do trabalho é verificar o impacto da contabilização do leasing operacional de forma semelhante ao leasing financeiro na estrutura patrimonial das empresas presentes na amostra. Assim, o presente trabalho analisou os Balanços Patrimoniais da TAM e da GOL nos anos de 2007 a 2009, uma vez que as companhias aéreas são grandes usuárias das operações de leasing operacional na “aquisição” de aeronaves. Os balanços foram ajustados com os valores informados nas notas explicativas. Conclui-se que o registro das operações de leasing operacional representou para as empresas analisadas um significativo impacto na estrutura patrimonial e consequentemente nos indicadores financeiros e que a contabilização das operações de leasing operacional dará maior transparência às demonstrações contábeis.Leasing transactions are used by companies as a way to get capitalized. However, this type of transaction can be classified in two types: financial and operating, in which the operating leasing works as a rent and financial leasing resembles a financed purchase. The most important difference in the accounting model is that the operating lease is not included in the balance sheet

  7. Ethnobotanical study of wild edible plants of Kara and Kwego semi-pastoralist people in Lower Omo River Valley, Debub Omo Zone, SNNPR, Ethiopia

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Teklehaymanot Tilahun

    2010-08-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background The rural populations in Ethiopia have a rich knowledge of wild edible plants and consumption of wild edible plants is still an integral part of the different cultures in the country. In the southern part of the country, wild edible plants are used as dietary supplements and a means of survival during times of food shortage. Therefore, the aim of this study is to document the wild edible plants gathered and consumed by Kara and Kwego people, and to analyze patterns of use between the two people. Methods A cross sectional ethnobotanical study of wild edible plant species was conducted from January 2005 to March 2007. About 10% of each people: 150 Kara and 56 Kwego were randomly selected to serve as informants. Data were collected using semi-structured questionnaire and group discussions. Analysis of variance (α = 0.05 was used to test the similarity of species richness of wild edible plants reported by Kara and Kwego people; Pearson's Chi-square test (α = 0.05 was used to test similarity of growth forms and plant parts of wild edible plants used between the two people. Results Thirty-eight wild plant species were reported as food sources that were gathered and consumed both at times of plenty and scarcity; three were unique to Kara, five to Kwego and 14 had similar local names. The plant species were distributed among 23 families and 33 genera. The species richness: families, genera and species (p > 0.05 were not significantly different between Kara and Kwego. Nineteen (50% of the reported wild edible plants were trees, 11 (29% were shrubs, six (16% were herbs and two (5% were climbers. Forty plant parts were indicated as edible: 23 (58.97% fruits, 13 (33.33% leaves, 3 (7.69% roots and one (2.56% seed. There was no difference between wild edible plants growth forms reported (Pearson's Chi-square test (d.f. = 3 = 0.872 and plant parts used (Pearson's Chi-square test (d.f. = 3 = 0.994 by Kara and Kwego people. The majority of

  8. Ethnobotanical study of wild edible plants of Kara and Kwego semi-pastoralist people in Lower Omo River Valley, Debub Omo Zone, SNNPR, Ethiopia.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Teklehaymanot, Tilahun; Giday, Mirutse

    2010-08-17

    The rural populations in Ethiopia have a rich knowledge of wild edible plants and consumption of wild edible plants is still an integral part of the different cultures in the country. In the southern part of the country, wild edible plants are used as dietary supplements and a means of survival during times of food shortage. Therefore, the aim of this study is to document the wild edible plants gathered and consumed by Kara and Kwego people, and to analyze patterns of use between the two people. A cross sectional ethnobotanical study of wild edible plant species was conducted from January 2005 to March 2007. About 10% of each people: 150 Kara and 56 Kwego were randomly selected to serve as informants. Data were collected using semi-structured questionnaire and group discussions. Analysis of variance (alpha = 0.05) was used to test the similarity of species richness of wild edible plants reported by Kara and Kwego people; Pearson's Chi-square test (alpha = 0.05) was used to test similarity of growth forms and plant parts of wild edible plants used between the two people. Thirty-eight wild plant species were reported as food sources that were gathered and consumed both at times of plenty and scarcity; three were unique to Kara, five to Kwego and 14 had similar local names. The plant species were distributed among 23 families and 33 genera. The species richness: families, genera and species (p > 0.05) were not significantly different between Kara and Kwego. Nineteen (50%) of the reported wild edible plants were trees, 11 (29%) were shrubs, six (16%) were herbs and two (5%) were climbers. Forty plant parts were indicated as edible: 23 (58.97%) fruits, 13 (33.33%) leaves, 3 (7.69%) roots and one (2.56%) seed. There was no difference between wild edible plants growth forms reported (Pearson's Chi-square test (d.f. = 3) = 0.872) and plant parts used (Pearson's Chi-square test (d.f. = 3) = 0.994) by Kara and Kwego people. The majority of wild edible plants were gathered

  9. Radiometric investigations of Kara Sea sediments and preliminary radiological assessment related to dumping of radioactive wastes in the Arctic Seas

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Hamilton, T.F.; Ballestra, S.; Baxter, M.S.; Gastaud, J.; Osvath, I.; Parsi, P.; Povinec, P.P. (International Atomic Energy Agency, Monaco (Monaco). Marine Environment Lab.); Scott, E.M. (Glasgow Univ. (United Kingdom). Dept. of Statistics)

    1994-01-01

    There has been world-wide concern over the possible health and environmental impacts of the dumping of radioactive wastes in shallow waters of the Kara and Barents Seas. During 1992, IAEA-MEL participated in a joint Russian-Norwegian expedition to the region and collected a suite of sediment cores for characterization of downcore radioactivity distribution patterns and inventories with the aim of assessing past and present inputs of radionuclides. The [sup 137]Cs, [sup 238]Pu, [sup 239,240]Pu, and [sup 241]Am contents of the 0-1 cm sections range from 17 to 32, 0.01 to 0.06, 0.4 to 1.3 and 0.2 to 0.5 Bq kg[sup -1] (dry wt), respectively. The [sup 238]Pu/[sup 239,240]Pu and [sup 241]Am/[sup 239,240]Pu activity ratios are consistent with those reported for global fallout. Detailed information on downcore radionuclide distribution patterns and inventories, as well as an account of sedimentation parameters, are presented. (author).

  10. The influence of climate change on the intensity of ice gouging at the Kara Sea bottom by hummocky formations

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ogorodov, Stanislav; Arkhipov, Vasily; Kokin, Osip; Natalia, Shabanova

    2016-04-01

    Sea ice as a zonal factor is an important passive and active relief-forming agent in the coastal-shelf zone of the Arctic and other freezing seas. The most dangerous process in relation to the hydrotechnical facilities is ice gouging - destructive mechanical impact of the ice of the ground, connected with the dynamics of the ice cover, formation of hummocks and stamukhas under the influence of hydrometeorologic factors and of the relief of the coastal-shelf zone. Underestimation of the ice gouging intensity can lead to damage of the engineering facilities, while excessive deepening increases the expenses of the construction. Finding the optimal variant and, by this, decreasing the risks of extreme situations is a relevant task of the science and practice. This task is complicated by the fact that the oil and gas infrastructure within the coastal and shelf areas of the freezing seas is currently being developed in the conditions of global climate change. In the present work, several results of the repeated sounding of bottom ice gouging microrelief within the area of the underwater pipeline crossing of the Baydaratskaya Bay, Kara Sea, are presented. Based on the results of the monitoring, as well as the analysis of literature sources and modeling it has been established that under the conditions of climate warming and sea ice reduction, the zone of the most intensive ice gouging is shifted landwards, on shallower water areas.

  11. Virio- and bacterioplankton in the estuary zone of the Ob River and adjacent regions of the Kara Sea shelf

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kopylov, A. I.; Sazhin, A. F.; Zabotkina, E. A.; Romanenko, A. V.; Romanova, N. D.

    2017-01-01

    The distribution of structural and functional characteristics of virioplankton in the north of the Ob River estuary and the adjacent Kara Sea shelf (between latitudes 71°44'44″ N and 73°45'24″ N) was studied with consideration of the spatial variations in the number ( N B) and productivity ( P B) of bacteria and water properties (temperature, salinity, density) by analyzing samples taken in September 2013. The number of plankton viruses ( N V), the occurrence of visible infected bacteria cells, virus-induced mortality of bacteria, and virioplankton production in the studied region varied within (214-2917) × 103 particles/mL, 0.3-5.6% of NB, 2.2-64.4% of P B, and (6-17248) × 103 particles/(mL day), respectively. These parameters were the highest in water layers with a temperature of +7.3-7.5°C, salinity of 3.75-5.41 psu, and conventional density (στ) of 2.846-4.144. The number of bacterioplankton was (614-822) × 103 cells/mL, and the N V/ N B ratio was 1.1-4.5. A large amount of virus particles were attached to bacterial cells and suspended matter. The data testify to the considerable role of viruses in controlling the number and production of heterotrophic bacterioplankton in the interaction zone of river and sea waters.

  12. 呼伦贝尔-锡林郭勒大草原土壤中的暗色丝孢菌%Soil dematiaceous hyphomycetes from Hulunbuir and Xilin Gol Steppe,Inner Mongolia,China

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    吴悦明; 张天宇

    2008-01-01

    A total of 59 isolates of soil dematiaceous hyphomycetes belonging to 28 species in 16 genera were obtained from Hulunbuir and Xilin Gol Steppe.Scolecobasidium tuberculosum is a new species morphologically resembling S.constrictum but having conspicuously tuberculate and dark brown conidia.Latin diagnosis is given for the new species.Cordana pauciseptata,Doratomyces columnaris,Bipolaris indica,Periconia jabalpurensis and Trichocladium opacum are new to Chinese fungal flora,and brief descriptions and illustrations of them are also provided based on Chinese isolates.The other 22 species previously known from China are also listed.All studied specimens(dried cultures)and living cultures are deposited in the Herbarium of Plant Pathology,Shandong Agricultural University(HSAUP).

  13. AQUISIÇÕES NA AVIAÇÃO CIVIL BRASILEIRA: UMA ANÁLISE DA TRAJETÓRIA DA GOL E DA VARIG ATÉ A SUA AQUISIÇÃO

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Marcos Antônio Camargos

    2009-07-01

    Full Text Available A aquisição da Varig pela Gol enseja uma análise da importância das operações de aquisições na estratégia empresarial do setor da aviação civil brasileiro. Neste artigo foi contextualizada, descrita e analisada a trajetória de duas empresas brasileiras e uma aquisição que reconfigurou o mercado de aviação civil nacional, visando entender melhor os seus possíveis desdobramentos para os seus diversos stakeholders e para a economia brasileira. A leitura que pode ser feita da aquisição é a de que, por um lado, mitiga um problema político, econômico e social, que seria a falência total da Varig, e por outro, para a Gol, possibilitará um crescimento rápido no mercado internacional, além de permitir crescimento no mercado interno pelo uso de espaços em aeroportos e da marca Varig. Além disso, foi uma aquisição defensiva, que impediu o ingresso de novos concorrentes estrangeiros, que aumentou o poder de mercado e de competição de uma empresa brasileira no mercado internacional. Enfim, a aquisição proporcionar um maior desenvolvimento econômico e tecnológico para o país no segmento – além de fortalecer o setor turístico, cuja importância na geração de empregos e na atração de divisas é cada vez mais reconhecida.

  14. Status gazety „Politika” w Jugosławii Karađorđeviciów (1918–1941

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    Konrad Sebastian Morawski

    2014-12-01

    Full Text Available Status of the newspaper “Politika” in Karađorđevićs’ Yugoslavia (1918-1941 The newspaper Politika was founded on 25 January 1904 by Vladislav F. Ribnikar. Since that time the Serbian Press market has begun to develop, and the Politika permanently has taken the important role up to this day. The newspaper witnessed important events in the Balkans in the twentieth century and the early twenty-first century but at the same time it was also under strong influence of Serbian centers of political authority. One example of such an influence was the status of the Politika in the period during the reign of Karađorđević dynasty in Yugoslavia, in 1918-1941. The newspaper then served a propaganda function for the royal court, particularly in 1929-1934. Then king Aleksander ruled in an authoritarian way and Politika played an important part in the country. The mechanism of functioning of the newspaper in the period of the royal authoritarianism, as well as in the remaining years of the interwar Yugoslavia was thus discussed in the article to help clarify the status of Politika under the rule of Karađorđevićs.   Status gazety „Politika” w Jugosławii Karađorđeviciów (1918–1941 Gazeta pod nazwą „Politika” została założona 25 stycznia 1904 roku przez Vladislava F. Ribnikara. Od tego czasu zaczął kształtować się serbski rynek prasowy, w którym „Politika” trwale zajmuje istotne miejsce do dzisiejszego dnia. Gazeta była świadkiem ważnych i doniosłych wydarzeń na Bałkanach w XX wieku i na początku XXI wieku, ale zarazem znajdowała się również w strefie ścisłych wpływów politycznych serbskich ośrodków władzy. Jednym z przykładów takiego wpływu był status „Politiki” w okresie panowania dynastii Karađorđeviciów w Jugosławii w latach 1918–1941. Gazeta pełniła wtedy funkcję propagandową dworu królewskiego, co dało się szczególnie zauważyć w latach 1929–1934. Wtedy bowiem kr

  15. Climate-sensitive subsea permafrost and related gas expulsions on the South Kara Sea shelf. Field studies and modeling results.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Portnov, Alexey; Mienert, Jurgen; Serov, Pavel

    2015-04-01

    Thawing subsea permafrost controls methane release bearing a considerable impact on the climate-sensitive Arctic environment. Significant expulsion of methane into shallow Russian shelf areas may continue to rise into the atmosphere on the Arctic shelves in response to intense degradation of relict subsea permafrost. The release of formerly trapped gas, essentially methane, is linked to the permafrost evolution. Modeling of the permafrost at the West Yamal shelf allowed describing its evolution from the Late Pleistocene to Holocene. During the previous work we detected extensive emissions of free gas into the water column at the boundary between today's shallow water permafrost and deeper water non-permafrost areas. These gas expulsions formed seismic and hydro-acoustic anomalies on the high-resolution seismic records. We supposed that in the water depths modeling results of relict permafrost distributions with these field data from the South Kara Sea. Modeling results suggest a highly-dynamic permafrost system that directly responds to even minor variations of lower and upper boundary conditions, e.g. heat flux from below and/or bottom water temperature changes from above. We present several scenarios of permafrost evolution and show that potentially minimal modern extent of the permafrost at the West Yamal shelf is limited by ~17 m isobaths, whereas maximal probable extent coincides with ~100 m isobaths. The model also predicts seaward tapering of relict permafrost with its maximal thickness 275-390 m near the shore line. We also present sensitivity analysis which define the wider range of modeling results depending on the changing input parameters (e.g. geothermal heat flux, bottom water temperature, porosity of the sediments). The model adapts well to corresponding field data, providing crucial information about the modern permafrost conditions, current location of the upper and lower permafrost boundaries and its possible impact on both the hydrosphere and

  16. Ar-40 to Ar-39 ages of the large impact structures Kara and Manicouagan and their relevance to the Cretaceous-Tertiary and the Triassic-Jurassic boundary

    Science.gov (United States)

    Trieloff, M.; Jessberger, E. K.

    Since the discovery of the Ir enrichment in Cretaceous-Tertiary boundary clays in 1980, the effects of a 10-km asteroid impacting on the Earth 65 Ma ago have been discussed as the possible reason for the mass extinction--including the extinction of the dinosaurs--at the end of the Cretaceous. But up to now no crater of this age that is large enough (ca. 200 km in diameter) has been found. One candidate is the Kara Crater in northern Siberia. Kolesnikov et al. determined a K-Ar isochron of 65.6 +/- 0.5 Ma, indistinguishable from the age of the K-T boundary and interpreted this as confirmation of earlier proposals that the Kara bolide would have been at least one of the K-T impactors. Koeberl et al. determined Ar-40 to Ar-39 ages ranging from 70 to 82 Ma and suggested an association to the Campanian-Maastrichtian boundary, another important extinction horizon 73 Ma ago. We dated four impact melts, KA2-306, KA2-305, SA1-302, and AN9-182. Results from the investigation are discussed.

  17. pH, alkalinity, temperature, salinity and other variables collected from discrete sample and profile observations using CTD, bottle and other instruments from the POLARSTERN in the Arctic Ocean, Kara Sea and Laptev (or Nordenskjold) Sea from 1995-07-07 to 1995-09-20 (NODC Accession 0116408)

    Data.gov (United States)

    National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, Department of Commerce — NODC Accession 0116408 includes chemical, discrete sample, physical and profile data collected from POLARSTERN in the Arctic Ocean, Kara Sea and Laptev (or...

  18. Dissolved inorganic carbon, temperature, salinity and other variables collected from discrete sample and profile observations using CTD, bottle and other instruments from the POLARSTERN in the Arctic Ocean, Kara Sea and Laptev (or Nordenskjold) Sea from 1993-08-06 to 1993-10-05 (NODC Accession 0113593)

    Data.gov (United States)

    National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, Department of Commerce — NODC Accession 0113593 includes chemical, discrete sample, physical and profile data collected from POLARSTERN in the Arctic Ocean, Kara Sea and Laptev (or...

  19. ASV ārpolitika pret Ziemeļkoreju pēc Aukstā kara beigām

    OpenAIRE

    Pēterhens-Pētersons, Miks

    2015-01-01

    Maģistra darbā tiek aplūkotas ASV un Ziemeļkorejas attiecības pēc Aukstā kara, pievēršot uzmanību ASV prezidenta administrāciju negatīvo priekšstatu lomai par Ziemeļkoreju, veidojot ārpolitiku pret to. Lai noskaidrotu, vai ASV veidoja savu ārpolitiku pret Ziemeļkoreju, balstoties uz šiem priekšstatiem, par darba teorētisko ietvaru izvēlēts neoreālisms un tā apakšteorijas – defensīvais un ofensīvais reālisms, kā arī neoreālista Roberta Džervisa uztveres teorija. Empīriskajā daļā izmantoti ASV ...

  20. Spatial variability of concentrations of chlorophyll a, dissolved organic matter and suspended particles in the surface layer of the Kara Sea in September 2011 from lidar data

    Science.gov (United States)

    Pelevin, V. V.; Zavjalov, P. O.; Belyaev, N. A.; Konovalov, B. V.; Kravchishina, M. D.; Mosharov, S. A.

    2017-01-01

    The article presents results of underway remote laser sensing of the surface water layer in continuous automatic mode using the UFL-9 fluorescent lidar onboard the R/V Akademik Mstislav Keldysh during cruise 59 in the Kara Sea in 2011. The description of the lidar, the approach to interpreting seawater fluorescence data, and certain methodical aspects of instrument calibration and measurement are presented. Calibration of the lidar is based on laboratory analysis of water samples taken from the sea surface during the cruise. Spatial distribution of chlorophyll a, total organic carbon and suspended matter concentrations in the upper quasi-homogeneous layer are mapped and the characteristic scales of the variability are estimated. Some dependencies between the patchiness of the upper water layer and the atmospheric forcing and freshwater runoff are shown.

  1. Geochemical interpretation of distribution of aromatic hydrocarbons in components of geologic environment of Pechora, Barents and Kara seas.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kursheva, Anna; Petrova, Vera; Litvinenko, Ivan; Morgunova, Inna

    2017-04-01

    Information about the hydrocarbons content (including aromatic ones) in components of geologic environment allows to define common factors in distribution and correlation both nature and technogenic component, and also to reveal the sources of contamination. At that, it should be noted, that hydrocarbons are widely spread in lithosphere and create steady geochemical background, variations are caused here by specifics of initial organic matter, conditions of its accumulation and transformation. The basis of the study are the samples of sea water and deep sea sediments (more than 600 stations), collected in western sector of Arctic region (Pechora, Barents and Kara seas) during the scientific-research expeditions of FSBI "VNIIOkeangeologia" for the period 2000-2010. Total content of aromatic hydrocarbons was defined by spectrofluorometric method using analyzer «FLUORAT-Panorama-02». Certification of data was performed on representative samples based on contents and molecule structure of polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons using GC-MS (Agilent 5973/6850 GC-MS System). Results of spectrofluorometric analysis of lipid fraction of organic matter of bottom sediments allowed to define specific parameters, which characterize various lithofacies groups of sediments. Thus, sandy residues are characterized by low level of aromatic hydrocarbons (ca. 4.3 μg/g) with prevalence of bi- and tri-aromatic compounds (λmax 270-310 nm). This correlates with low sorption capacity of coarse-grained sediments and absence of organic-mineral component, containing the breakdown products of initial organic matter. Tetra- and penta- aromatic structures prevail in clay sediments (ca. 13.0 μg/g), which are typical components of lipid fraction of organic matter of post sedimentation and early diagenetic stages of transformation. At that, changes of spectral characteristic of sediments in stratigraphic sequence completely reflect processes of diagenetic transformation of organic matter, including

  2. kara Terminal Aerodrome Forecast

    Data.gov (United States)

    National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, Department of Commerce — TAF (terminal aerodrome forecast or terminal area forecast) is a format for reporting weather forecast information, particularly as it relates to aviation. TAFs are...

  3. The responses of surface albedo to climatic changes in Xilin Gol grassland%锡林郭勒草原地表反照率对气候变化的响应

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张学珍

    2012-01-01

    This study assessed the reliability of Moderate Resolution Imaging Spectroradiometer(MODIS)-derived land surface albedo products for Xilin Gol grassland,illustrated the seasonal cycles and inter-annual variations of land surface albedo in Xilin Gol grassland,and analyzed correlations between surface albedo variations and climatic changes.The results show MODIS-derived dataset is able to capture seasonal cycle and inter-annual variations of surface albedo,though there is a difference between the MODIS-derived albedo and ground instrumental measurements.The MODIS-derived dataset illustrates that the seasonal cycle patterns of surface albedo vary with spectrum.For the visible band surface albedo,the seasonal cycle presents a "V"-shaped variation with the bottom in the first ten days of August.For the near-infrared band surface albedo,the seasonal cycle is "U"-shaped with the bottom in the period from June to September.However,both visible band surface albedo and near-infrared band surface albedo had consistent inter-annual variations.Moreover,the inter-annual variations of surface albedo were partly attributed to climatic variations.The effects of temperature were significant in the early(April to May) and late(September to November) growth season.The correlation coefficients between temperature and surface albedo were-0.67 and 0.63 in the early and late growth season,respectively.The effects of precipitation were significant through out the growth season.The correlation coefficients between precipitation and surface albedo ranged from-0.54 to-0.76.It is worthy noting that the effects of precipitation were usually lagged by 2-3 months.%在对锡林郭勒草原地区MODIS的地表反照率产品(MCD43C3)的可靠性进行评估的基础上,利用该产品分析了2002~2009年锡林郭勒草原地表反照率的变化及其与温度和降水的关系。结果表明:(1)MODIS的反演结果能够很好地反映地表反照率的季节

  4. 东胜煤田塔然高勒矿井井筒坍塌原因分析%Collapsing Causation Analysis of Taran Gol Shaft in Dongsheng Coalfield

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    马亚军

    2012-01-01

    The Taran Gol coalmine in the Dongsheng coalfield, Inner Mongolia is a constructing large-sized state-run vertical shaft coalmine belongs to the Hanggin Energy Co. Ltd., Shenhua Group Corporation Limited, using the conventional shaft sinking. During the construction process, shaft collapsing accident has happened and caused superior economic losses. Afterwards, special shaft sinking by freezing has been used and won through. Based on shaft engineering geological conditions, preliminarily analyzed shaft collapsing causations, have considered that soft strata and low strength are the natural factors, improper construction method and technology the human factors. The study has certain referential value in shaft sinking construction in the area.%内蒙古自治区东胜煤田塔然高勒矿井是神华杭锦能源有限责任公司在建的大型国有矿井,矿井采用立井开采,立并井筒采用普通法施工.在施工过程中发生了并简坍塌事故,造成了较大的经济损失.后采用特殊法施工(冻结法),获得了成功.在研究井筒工程地质条件的基础上,对井筒坍塌的原因进行了初步分析,认为井筒地层松软、强度低是造成井筒坍塌的自然因素,采用了不适合的施工方法和技术是造成井筒坍塌的人为因素.该研究对本区井简施工具有一定的参考价值.

  5. Selected data for wells and test holes used in structure-contour maps of the Inyan Kara Group, Minnekahta Limestone, Minnelusa Formation, Madison Limestone, and Deadwood Formation in the Black Hills area, South Dakota

    Science.gov (United States)

    Carter, J.M.

    1999-01-01

    This report presents selected data on wells and test holes that were used in the construction of structure-contour maps of selected formations that contain major aquifers in the Black Hills area of western South Dakota. Altitudes of the top of the Inyan Kara Group, Minnekahta Limestone, Minnelusa Formation, Madison Limestone, and Deadwood Formation are presented for the wells and test holes presented in this report.

  6. Cesium-137 global fallout into the Ob river basin and its influence on the Kara sea contamination - Weapons fallout cesium-137 in the Ob' catchment landscapes and its influence on radioactive contamination of the Kara sea: Western Siberia, Russia

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Semenkov, Ivan N.; Miroshnikov, Alexey Yu. [The Organization of Russian Academy of Sciences Institute of geology of ore deposits, petrography, mineralogy and geochemistry Russian Academy of Sciences (Russian Federation)

    2014-07-01

    There are several high level {sup 137}Cs anomaly zones detected in the deposits of the SW part of the Kara Sea. These anomaly zones were formed in the Ob' and the Enisey river estuaries due to the geochemical 'river-sea' boarder barrier. Level of radiocaesium specific activity reaches 120 Bq*kg{sup -1} in the deposits from these zones. Radiochemical enterprises occur in the both river basins. Their activity results in caesium-137 transfer into the river net. Vast area is contaminated by {sup 137}Cs after nuclear weapons in Semipalatinsk test-site and Kyshtym disaster in the Ob' river basin. Moreover, caesium comes to the Ob' and the Enisey river basins with global atmospheric fallout. The inflow of global fallout caesium-137 to the catchments is 660 kCi (320 kCi including radioactive decay) that is 4 times higher than {sup 137}Cs emission due to Fukushima disaster. Therefore, these river basins as any other huge catchment are an important sources of radioactive contamination of the Arctic Ocean. The aim of our research is to study behavior of global fallout caesium-137 in the landscapes of the Ob and the Enisey river basins. We studied caesium-137 behavior on the example of first order catchments in taiga, wetland, forest-steppe, steppe, and semi-arid landscapes. Geographic information system (GIS) was made. The tenth-order catchments (n=154, Horton coding system) shape 20-groups due to topsoil properties controlling cesium mobility. Eleven first-order basins, characterized 7 groups of tenth order catchments, were studied. And 700 bulk-core soil samples were collected in 2011-2013. Cesium runoff is calculated for 3 first-order river basins in taiga and forest-steppe landscapes. Storage of global fallout caesium-137 declines from undisturbing taiga first-order river basin (90% of cumulative fallout including radioactive decay)> arable steppe and fores-steppe (70 - 75%)> undisturbing wetland (60%). Caesium-137 transfer is high in arable lands

  7. Krievijas-Gruzijas kara naratīvu analīze YouTube ievietotajās ziņās (2008)

    OpenAIRE

    Sundukova, Elīna

    2009-01-01

    Bakalaura darba „ Krievijas – Gruzijas kara naratīvu analīze YouTube ievietotajās ziņās (2008) ” mērķis ir izpētīt un salīdzināt dažādu televīziju naratīvus. Pētnieciskie jautājumi: kuru televīziju naratīvi parādās YouTube un to atšķirības. Darba teorētiskais pamatojums: naratīvu teorijas; analītiski raksti un pētījumi par Krievijas – Gruzijas karu; YouTube apraksts. Pētniecības lauks ir 100 ziņu video, kas ievietoti YouTube 2008.gadā. Pētījuma metodoloģija: naratīva analīze (fabulas elementi...

  8. Prolonged Effect of the Stratospheric Pathway in Linking Barents-Kara Sea Sea Ice Variability to the Midlatitude Circulation in a Simplified Model

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zhang, Pengfei; Wu, Yutian

    2017-04-01

    Observations show a delayed midlatitude circulation response during late winter following early winter Barents-Kara Sea (BKS) sea ice variability. To better understand the dynamical mechanism that accounts for the observed lead-lag correlation, a series of numerical experiments are conducted using a simplified atmospheric general circulation model (AGCM) with a prescribed idealized near-surface heating over the BKS region. A prolonged effect is found in the idealized experiments following the near-surface heating and can be explicitly attributed to the stratospheric pathway and the long time scale in the stratosphere. The analysis of the Eliassen-Palm (EP) flux shows that, as a result of the imposed heating and linear constructive interference, anomalous upward propagating planetary-scale waves are excited and weaken the stratospheric polar vortex. This stratospheric response persists for approximately 1-2 months accompanied by downward migration to the troposphere and the surface. This downward migration largely amplifies and extends the low-level jet deceleration in the midlatitudes and cold air advection over central Asia. The idealized model experiments also suggest that the BKS region is the most effective in affecting the midlatitude circulation than other regions over the Arctic.

  9. Evidence for Holocene centennial variability in sea ice cover based on IP25 biomarker reconstruction in the southern Kara Sea (Arctic Ocean)

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hörner, Tanja; Stein, Rüdiger; Fahl, Kirsten

    2017-02-01

    The Holocene is characterized by the late Holocene cooling trend as well as by internal short-term centennial fluctuations. Because Arctic sea ice acts as a significant component (amplifier) within the climate system, investigating its past long- and short-term variability and controlling processes is beneficial for future climate predictions. This study presents the first biomarker-based (IP25 and PIP25) sea ice reconstruction from the Kara Sea (core BP00-07/7), covering the last 8 ka. These biomarker proxies reflect conspicuous short-term sea ice variability during the last 6.5 ka that is identified unprecedentedly in the source region of Arctic sea ice by means of a direct sea ice indicator. Prominent peaks of extensive sea ice cover occurred at 3, 2, 1.3 and 0.3 ka. Spectral analysis of the IP25 record revealed 400- and 950-year cycles. These periodicities may be related to the Arctic/North Atlantic Oscillation, but probably also to internal climate system fluctuations. This demonstrates that sea ice belongs to a complex system that more likely depends on multiple internal forcing.

  10. Statistical Modeling of Sea Ice Concentration Using Satellite Imagery and Climate Reanalysis Data in the Barents and Kara Seas, 1979–2012

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jihye Ahn

    2014-06-01

    Full Text Available Extensive sea ice over Arctic regions is largely involved in heat, moisture, and momentum exchanges between the atmosphere and ocean. Some previous studies have been conducted to develop statistical models for the status of Arctic sea ice and showed considerable possibilities to explain the impacts of climate changes on the sea ice extent. However, the statistical models require improvements to achieve better predictions by incorporating techniques that can deal with temporal variation of the relationships between sea ice concentration and climate factors. In this paper, we describe the statistical approaches by ordinary least squares (OLS regression and a time-series method for modeling sea ice concentration using satellite imagery and climate reanalysis data for the Barents and Kara Seas during 1979–2012. The OLS regression model could summarize the overall climatological characteristics in the relationships between sea ice concentration and climate variables. We also introduced autoregressive integrated moving average (ARIMA models because the sea ice concentration is such a long-range dataset that the relationships may not be explained by a single equation of the OLS regression. Temporally varying relationships between sea ice concentration and the climate factors such as skin temperature, sea surface temperature, total column liquid water, total column water vapor, instantaneous moisture flux, and low cloud cover were modeled by the ARIMA method, which considerably improved the prediction accuracies. Our method may also be worth consideration when forecasting future sea ice concentration by using the climate data provided by general circulation models (GCM.

  11. Quantitative ethnobotany of medicinal plants used by Kara and Kwego semi-pastoralist people in lower Omo River Valley, Debub Omo Zone, Southern Nations, Nationalities and Peoples Regional State, Ethiopia.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Teklehaymanot, Tilahun; Giday, Mirutse

    2010-07-06

    The people in Ethiopia have been using medicinal plants over centuries and the traditional knowledge is passed verbally from generation to generation. Therefore, the aim of this study was to document the medicinal plants used by Kara and Kwego semi-pastoralist people and to establish association between the species richness and diversity, habit, parts used and administration of medicinal plants reported by the two people. Semi-structured interview was used in data collection; Chi-Square test, t-test and univariate analysis were used to compare medicinal plants knowledge between Kara and Kwego people. Informant consensus factor (ICF), fidelity level (FL), and preference ranking of medicinal plants were computed. Fifty-seven medicinal plant species were indicated that were distributed into 33 families and 52 genera. Thirty-four of them were common to both people whereas 12 were unique to Kara and 11 to Kwego. There was no significant difference (p>0.05) between the two people in medicinal plant species richness and diversity. The growth forms, parts of medicinal plants and their conditions: fresh or dry used in the preparation of remedies and route of administration were not different (p>0.05). Root was 55% of the plant parts used and oral was 61% of route of administration. The informant consensus factor was not significantly different (p>0.05) between the two people. Solanum hastifolium Hochst. ex Dunal, Salvadora persica L. and Maeura sessiliflora Gilg were preferred more than the other medicinal plants reported to treat the prevalent diseases by both people. The information documented on the medicinal plants of these people may be used as baseline data for future studies on semi-arid and arid pharmacologically important medicinal plants and for phytochemical investigations. Copyright (c) 2010 Elsevier Ireland Ltd. All rights reserved.

  12. Reflections on the Biogas Construction of XilinGol Leaguein Rural and Pastoral Areas%对锡林郭勒盟农村牧区沼气建设的思考

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李万春; 王健; 袁守礼; 雒树青; 任树森; 李玉梁; 籍长岭; 苗馨; 蔡茂林; 李春根

    2014-01-01

    There existing household biogas, small farming community and joint household biogas project and Large biogas in XilinGol League rural and pastoral, village and county biogas service system framework has been erected,the project has achieved remarkable economic,social and ecological benefits.But there are some problems, for example, digesters utilization was not high (10%~20%in the coldest season),property service outlets were not fully appropriate effect (sample survey only 44.4%), biogas utilization level was low,the construction of large biogas was slowly.Analysising the reasons and proposing the next priority:Active in biogas utilization tests and demonstrations,Efforts to explore innovative biogas construction management and post -the service mechanism,Increased guidance and inspection efforts to strengthen project management,introducing commercialization digesters in actively and steadily.Suggestions:Increasing investment in central special funds,giving appropriate wage subsidies to biogas service outlets managers,introducing large biogas project supervisions and management measures and multi-energy complements as soon. Intended to summarize the experience and lessons, and effectively improved the work of rural biogas,take effective measures to implement the plans, through technology, innovation and organizational management measures on a really good job of biogas construction and management work to consolidate the cause of biogas career achievements.%锡林郭勒盟农村牧区沼气建设既有户用沼气、养殖小区和联户小型沼气工程,又有大中型沼气工程,从嘎查(村)级到旗县级服务站的沼气服务体系框架已搭起,项目建设取得了明显的经济、社会和生态效益。但同时也存在着沼气池使用率不高(最寒冷季节仅10%~20%)、物业服务网点未充分发挥相应的作用(抽样调查正常运行仅占44.4%)、三沼综合利用水平低、大中型沼气工程建设进度缓慢

  13. The foundation of a grassland 3D-digital model for Xilin Gol%锡林郭勒盟草原三维数字模型的建立

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王瑞永; 乔江; 袁清

    2011-01-01

    To promote the further development of information-based management of grasslands, this work established a grassland three-dimensional digital model based on modern information technology, including 3D-GIS technology, remote sensing technology, simulation technology and other related technologies. The foundation of the 3D-digital model is based upon the Xilin Gol grassland as a demonstration area. The establishment of this digital model is based first on screen grassland information data (maps data and attribute data) according to the principles of grassland ecology; second, an overlay of the layer data filtered to establish the association with attribute data. Finally, the grassland information data was embedded in the three-dimensional virtual space model, to realize queries and analysis of grassland information. The research showed that the grassland three-dimensional digital model developed using the C/C+ + language to call OpenGL graphics library works fast and steadily with fast rendering speed, and can provide real-time and dynamic queries of grassland information, and supply technical support for further studies on three-dimensional virtual grassland.%为了推动草原信息化管理的进一步发展,本研究基于现代化信息技术,主要运用3D-GIS技术、遥感技术、仿真技术等相关技术,以具有典型草原代表性的锡林郭勒盟为示范区,建立了虚拟草原三维数字模型.该研究首先依据草地生态学原理,对草原生态系统信息数据(基础图件及属性数据)进行筛选;然后对筛选后的空间数据进行叠加并建立其与属性数据的关联;最后将草原生态信息镶嵌于三维数字模型之中,实现了在草原三维数字模型中进行草原生态信息查询分析功能.结果表明,运用C/C++语言调用OpenGL图形库从底层开发的草原三维数字模型快捷稳定,渲染速度快,可方便地动态查询示范区草原地理信息,为进一步地研究三维虚拟草原提供技术支持.

  14. Variation Tendency Analysis of Prevalence of Incidence Rate of Human Brucellosis for Key Populations in Xilin Gol League During 2010-2014%2010-2014年锡林郭勒盟重点人群布病发病率趋势分析

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    曹宁; 闫涛; 朱浩; 张星光

    2016-01-01

    目的:通过报道2010-2014年锡林郭勒盟人间布病的发病率及其变化趋势,评价该地区2010-2014年的布病整体流行情况,为进一步防治策略的制定提供科学依据。方法本研究在2010-2014年间采用随机整群抽样的方法共抽取了96090名调查对象,同时对其进行血清学检测,根据布病诊断标准对调查对象进行诊断,以此描述锡林郭勒盟地区人间布病的发病率。结果2010-2014年锡林郭勒盟重点人群布病发病率为17.87‰。2010-2014年锡林郭勒盟人间布病发病率呈下降趋势,在2014年达到最低。绝大多数旗县(市区)5年间布病疫情变化有统计学意义(P<0.05)。结论2010-2014年锡林郭勒盟重点人群的布病疫情呈下降趋势,但仍处于较高水平,锡林郭勒盟的布病防治工作仍然需要进一步开展。%Objectives To show incidence rate of human brucellosis for key populations and describe its distribution and varition in Xilin Gol League during 2010-2014; to provide reference for brucellosis intervention. Methods We included 96091 participants in this study by random cluster sampling during the period 2010-2014. In addition, we conducted serological testing for participants to describe the incidence of human brucellosis. Results The average incidence rate of human brucellosis for key populations in Xilin Gol League during 2010-2014 was 17.87‰. Incidence rate of brucellosis among key populations of Xilin Gol League clearly decreased during 2010-2014, and it was lowest in 2014. The epidemic changes of brucellosis in most districts have statistical significance (P<0.05). Conclusions The incidence of human brucellosis for key populations of Xilin Gol League clearly decreased during 2010-2014, but also stayed in a high level, it remind us that prevention efforts should be strengthened in the study region.

  15. ISOLDE PH team, from left to right: Jennifer Weterings (user support), Susanne Kreim (research fellow), Marek Pfützner (scientific associate), Maria Garcia Borge (team leader), Elisa Rapisarda (research fellow) , Magdalena Kowalska (physics coordinator), Jan Kurcewicz (applied fellow), Monika Stachura (applied fellow). Not in the photo: Kara Lynch (PhD student).

    CERN Multimedia

    Visual Media Office

    2013-01-01

    ISOLDE PH team, from left to right: Jennifer Weterings (user support), Susanne Kreim (research fellow), Marek Pfützner (scientific associate), Maria Garcia Borge (team leader), Elisa Rapisarda (research fellow) , Magdalena Kowalska (physics coordinator), Jan Kurcewicz (applied fellow), Monika Stachura (applied fellow). Not in the photo: Kara Lynch (PhD student).

  16. Land use suitability analysis of the Upper Basin of the Kara Menderes River using analytical hierarchy process and geographical information systems

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Cengiz Akbulak

    2010-08-01

    Full Text Available Sustainable development links to a rationalistic and effective use of resources. Presently, growth in human needs for a variety of reasons causes a great pressure on the existing resources, which has induced in misuse-based deterioration of lands as well as increase in poverty and several kinds of social problems. In this context, due to rapid growth of population in Turkey, the most appropriate use of lands according to their potentials is essential, because sustainability of environments can only be achieved on condition that natural and cultural potentials are appointed and the land use is enforced in compliance with ecological properties. In previous attempts of land suitability analyses, the subject “the most proper use of land” has been the focus of several authors.In this study, land suitability analysis of the upper basin of the Kara Menderes River was carried out, which drains the Biga Peninsula, west of the Marmara Region in Turkey, on the basis of geographical information systems and analytical hierarchy process, a technique used for multi-criteria decision making studies. After the determination of suitability in terms of the main three land use types, i.e. agriculture, meadow-pasture and forest, an optimal land use map was produced and results were compared to the present-day land use situation. Based on optimal land use results, an area of 15.2% is suggested for agricultural activities. The area proposed for meadow-pasture lands corresponds to only about 8.5%. Forest areas constitute, however, the foremost class with the suggested value of 75,1%. When data from optimal land use is compared with that in the present-day conditions, it is noticed that the proportion of agricultural areas excesses the suggested value of optimal land use, as opposed to the proportions of forest and meadow-pasture areas having smaller distributions. This implies that some agricultural areas, which are recommended to be evaluated as forest and meadow

  17. Land use suitability analysis of the Upper Basin of the Kara Menderes River using analytical hierarchy process and geographical information systems

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Cengiz Akbulak

    2010-08-01

    Full Text Available Sustainable development links to a rationalistic and effective use of resources. Presently, growth in human needs for a variety of reasons causes a great pressure on the existing resources, which has induced in misuse-based deterioration of lands as well as increase in poverty and several kinds of social problems. In this context, due to rapid growth of population in Turkey, the most appropriate use of lands according to their potentials is essential, because sustainability of environments can only be achieved on condition that natural and cultural potentials are appointed and the land use is enforced in compliance with ecological properties. In previous attempts of land suitability analyses, the subject “the most proper use of land” has been the focus of several authors.In this study, land suitability analysis of the upper basin of the Kara Menderes River was carried out, which drains the Biga Peninsula, west of the Marmara Region in Turkey, on the basis of geographical information systems and analytical hierarchy process, a technique used for multi-criteria decision making studies. After the determination of suitability in terms of the main three land use types, i.e. agriculture, meadow-pasture and forest, an optimal land use map was produced and results were compared to the present-day land use situation. Based on optimal land use results, an area of 15.2% is suggested for agricultural activities. The area proposed for meadow-pasture lands corresponds to only about 8.5%. Forest areas constitute, however, the foremost class with the suggested value of  75,1%. When data from optimal land use is compared with that in the present-day conditions, it is noticed that the proportion of agricultural areas excesses the suggested value of optimal land use, as opposed to the proportions of forest and meadow-pasture areas having smaller distributions. This implies that some agricultural areas, which are recommended to be evaluated as forest and

  18. "My Favourite Day Is Sunday": Community Perceptions of (Drug-Resistant Tuberculosis and Ambulatory Tuberculosis Care in Kara Suu District, Osh Province, Kyrgyzstan.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Doris Burtscher

    Full Text Available Kyrgyzstan is one of the 27 high multidrug-resistant tuberculosis (MDR-TB burden countries listed by the WHO. In 2012, Médecins Sans Frontières (MSF started a drug-resistant tuberculosis (DR-TB project in Kara Suu District. A qualitative study was undertaken to understand the perception of TB and DR-TB in order to improve the effectiveness and acceptance of the MSF intervention and to support advocacy strategies for an ambulatory model of care.This paper reports findings from 63 interviews with patients, caregivers, health care providers and members of communities. Data was analysed using a qualitative content analysis. Validation was ensured by triangulation and a 'thick' description of the research context, and by presenting deviant cases.Findings show that the general population interprets TB as the 'lungs having a cold' or as a 'family disease' rather than as an infectious illness. From their perspective, individuals facing poor living conditions are more likely to get TB than wealthier people. Vulnerable groups such as drug and alcohol users, homeless persons, ethnic minorities and young women face barriers in accessing health care. As also reported in other publications, TB is highly stigmatised and possible side effects of the long treatment course are seen as unbearable; therefore, people only turn to public health care quite late. Most patients prefer ambulatory treatment because of the much needed emotional support from their social environment, which positively impacts treatment concordance. Health care providers favour inpatient treatment only for a better monitoring of side effects. Health staff increasingly acknowledges the central role they play in supporting DR-TB patients, and the importance of assuming a more empathic attitude.Health promotion activities should aim at improving knowledge on TB and DR-TB, reducing stigma, and fostering the inclusion of vulnerable populations. Health seeking delays and adherence problems will

  19. Radiocarbon content of pre-bomb marine mollusks and variations in the 14C Reservoir age for coastal areas of the Barents and Kara Seas, Russia

    Science.gov (United States)

    Forman, Steven L.; Polyak, Leonid

    Fourteen mollusks, collected alive between 1900 and 1945 from the Russian Barents and Kara seas, were analyzed by AMS 14C dating to evaluate variations in the 14C marine reservoir for arctic coastal sites, which is important for correcting ages in paleoenvironmental time-series and advancing understanding of the exchange of carbon. The 14C ages on the mollusks reveal a range of marine reservoir values (R(t)) from 159 14C yr to 764 14C yr. The oldest R(t) values of 764 to 620 14C yr are for the bivalve Portlandia arctica, which often inhabit cold and low salinity waters and muddy substrates. The depleted 14C content for this bivalve reflects possibly the incorporation of old carbon from freshwater inputs and/or the consumption of old organic matter from the underlying sediments and pore waters. Other mollusks with sessile habitats and pelagic food sources gave significantly lower R(t) values between 159 and 344 14C yr. The youngest R(t) values indicate enrichment in 14C and may partially reflect enhanced transfer of 14C-enriched CO2 from the atmosphere to the ocean surface with wind-generated wave agitation. This study underscores that a variety of processes can lead to variable 14C depletion and enrichment of surface waters yielding a ca. 600 year age span for contemporaneous arctic mollusks. There may be added uncertainty in the 14C reservoir correction for deposit-feeder species such as Portlandia sp. and perhaps for certain benthic foraminifera (e.g. Nonion labradoricum) because these taxa often incorporate old organic matter from the substrate. A reservoir correction of ≥700 years may be more appropriate for infaunal, deposit-eater species, particularly in glacier-dominated environments. Mollusks and foraminifera with sessile habits and pelagic food sources should be selected preferentially for 14C dating, because their shells may more closely reflect the 14C content of the global-ocean mixed layer.

  20. Investigation on quality of high fluorine water in chagan coal mine of Xilin gol league,Jizhong Energy Fengfeng Group%冀中能源峰峰集团有限公司锡林郭勒盟查干淖尔煤矿高氟水质情况调查

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    黄徽; 马国安

    2012-01-01

    目的:了解锡林郭勒盟查干淖尔煤矿高氟水质情况,预防地方病和职业性氟中毒.方法:按照GB/T5750 - 2006《生活饮用水标准检验方法》进行.结果:依据GB5749 - 2006《生活饮用水卫生标准》进行判定.结论:氟化物含量达到2.55 mg/L,长此以往饮用高氟水,必然形成高氟地方病、地方性氟中毒,势必对人体健康产生严重危害,对生产经营造成严重影响,形成职业性氟中毒.%Objective;To prevent the endemic diseases and professional-fluorosis by getting to know the quality of high fluorine water in Chagan coal mine of Xilin Gol league. Methods; The quality detection was done according to GB/T5750 - 2006 " Standard Examination Methods for Drinking Water". Results: To draw the conclusion according to GB5749 - 2006 " Hygiene standards for drinking water". Conclusion: The fluoride content in water was 2.55 mg/L. If taken continuously, the water will definitely lead to the endemic diseases and the professional fluorosis. Human's health and local production and operation will be affected as well.

  1. Cultural Memory on "Great" People in a "Small" Town: The Perception of King Alexander Karađorđević and Marshal Josip Broz Tito in the Cultural Memory of Samobor

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Danijel Vojak

    2015-08-01

    Full Text Available Starting from the thesis that ''history is written by the winners”, ''mainstream'' history can be under¬stood as the revised and politically instrumentalized means of a certain nation's ''cultural'' memory, which some consider to be a ''history of selective memo¬ri¬zation and selective forgetfulness''. Most approaches in con¬temporary Croatian historiography which are focu¬sed on the historical periods of monarchist and socialist Yugoslavia use national-level themes as their starting point. A similar preoccupation is also present in those historiographical approaches which are focused on the problems of analyzing and understanding how collective memories are constructed. However, our aim here is to move from the ''big'' themes to a ''small'' (local setting. In this context, Samobor, a small Croatian urban centre, is going to serve us as the basis for analyzing in which way two Yugoslav rulers – King Alexander Karađorđević and Marshal Josip Broz Tito – were perceived on the local level. By analyzing the relevant archival sources as well as contemporary periodicals, we seek to un¬der¬stand the ways in which local authorities and elites, from their position of social power and status, received the mentioned rulers during their visits, and in which ways did they honour and commemorate these high-profile guests. Through this analysis, we hope to gain a better understanding of the process of the creation of local social memory, the constitution of memorial and cul¬tural patterns, and their key cultural elements and me¬anings, which are often torn apart during periods of social and political upheaval, only to be reconstituted by recombining the same key cultural and social elements while simultaneously encompassing new actors. In other words, the focus of our analysis will be on tracing the collective memory of the population of Samobor to¬wards two ''great leaders''. Starting from the thesis that ''history is written by the winners

  2. Joint Russian-Norwegian expedition to the dumping sites for radioactive waste and spent nuclear fuel in the Stepovogo fjord of the Kara sea, August - September 2012: investigations performed and main results

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Nikitin, Aleksandr; Shershakov, Viacheslav; Valetova, Nailja; Petrenko, Galina; Katrich, Ivan; Fedorova, Anastasia [Research and Production Association ' Typhoon' , 249038, Obninsk, Kaluga Region (Russian Federation); Kazennov, Alexey [National Research Centre ' Kurchatov Institute' , Moscow (Russian Federation); Lind, Bjorn; Gwynn, Justin; Rudjord, Anne Liv [Norwegian Radiation Protection Authority, Oesteraas (Norway); Heldal, Hilde Elise [Institute of Marine Research, Bergen (Norway); Blinova, Oxana; Osvath, Iolanda; Levy, Isabelle; Bartocci, Jean; Khanh Pham, Mai; Sam, Adam; Nies, Hartmut [IAEA-MEL (Monaco); Grishin, Denis [Krylov State Research Centre, St. Petersburg (Russian Federation); Salbu, Brit; Ole- Christian, Lind; Teien, Hans-Cristian [Norwegian University of Life Sciences, Aas (Norway); Sidhu, Rajdeep Singh; Straalberg, Elisabeth [Institute for Energy Technology, Kjeller (Norway); Logoyda, Igor [State Scientific Centre ' Yuzhmorgeologiya' , Gelendzhik (Russian Federation)

    2014-07-01

    Stepovogo fjord, located on the Eastern coast of Novaya Zemlya, is one of the most important former Soviet Union dumping sites for radioactive waste in the Kara Sea. In addition to some 2000 dumped containers with conventional radioactive wastes, the nuclear submarine K-27 was dumped in Stepovogo fjord with two reactors loaded with spent nuclear fuel (SNF).Joint Russian and Norwegian surveys of the marine environment in Stepovogo fjord were first conducted in 1993 and 1994. In accordance with the working plan of the Joint Russian-Norwegian Expert Group on the Investigation of Radioactive Contamination in the Northern Areas, a follow up expedition into the radioecological status of Stepovogo fjord was carried out in August and September of 2012 onboard the R.V. 'Ivan Petrov' of the Roshydromet Northern Department. Investigations carried out in Stepovogo fjord during the expedition included: Sonar surveys, ROV inspections and in situ gamma measurements of the dumped nuclear submarine K-27 and dumped containers with radioactive waste Sampling of seawater, bottom sediments and marine biota. Results of the analysis of marine environmental samples performed by Russia, Norway and the IAEA, are presented and discussed in the paper. Preliminary measurements on surface sediments and water samples showed that the level of {sup 137}Cs contamination was generally low. However, slightly enhanced levels of {sup 137}Cs were detected in bottom seawater and sediment collected in the area with dumped containers. Measurements taken around the dumped nuclear submarine K-27 did not indicate any leakage of radioactive substances from the submarine. A similar picture for the level of radioactive contamination in Stepovogo fjord was observed in the first joint Russian-Norwegian expedition in 1993-94. (authors)

  3. Étude de molécules antibiotiques biosynthétisées par une bactérie extrêmophile B1 isolée d’une sebkha d’EL Goléa (Algérie)

    OpenAIRE

    2014-01-01

    تتواجد الكائنا الجهريةف ل العة بف لاتف تبد ٬ ح ةجكنرا تيدو نواا ب الة ولوج ا و النجو ل الة اا القاس ف. تدى ذ ا الكائنا " الكائنا ي ي الباةةف " أو" Les extrêmophiles ". تبتةي الكائنا الجقاومف و الجيةف للجلوحف مب ب ذ ا الكائنا ا ستثنائ ف ح أن مقاومترا للجلوحف تجنيرا خلاائص م ذلف ل م دان التكنولوج ف الي وةف. ردف ةراسف النشاط الجضاة للج كيو ا لبزلف مقاومف للجلوحف ذا اليمز ML9832 مبزولف ل اسةف ملوحف تقدر 25 % مب كلورةد اللاوةةوم )و / ح( مب اف شدةدة الجلوحف " سةخف El Goléa " الجتواجدة اللاييا...

  4. Étude de molécules antibiotiques biosynthétisées par une bactérie extrêmophile B1 isolée d’une sebkha d’EL Goléa (Algérie)

    OpenAIRE

    NAS, Fatima

    2014-01-01

    تتواجد الكائنا الجهريةف ل العة بف لاتف تبد ٬ ح ةجكنرا تيدو نواا ب الة ولوج ا و النجو ل الة اا القاس ف. تدى ذ ا الكائنا " الكائنا ي ي الباةةف " أو" Les extrêmophiles ". تبتةي الكائنا الجقاومف و الجيةف للجلوحف مب ب ذ ا الكائنا ا ستثنائ ف ح أن مقاومترا للجلوحف تجنيرا خلاائص م ذلف ل م دان التكنولوج ف الي وةف. ردف ةراسف النشاط الجضاة للج كيو ا لبزلف مقاومف للجلوحف ذا اليمز ML9832 مبزولف ل اسةف ملوحف تقدر 25 % مب كلورةد اللاوةةوم )و / ح( مب اف شدةدة الجلوحف " سةخف El Goléa " الجتواجدة اللاييا...

  5. THE AZERBAIJANI AND TURKEY UTOPIA IN ANAR`S WHITE RAM AND BLACK RAM ANAR’IN AK KOÇ KARA KOÇ ADLI ESERİNDE BİR AZERBAYCAN VE TÜRK DÜNYASI ÜTOPYASI

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Parvana BAYRAM

    2011-09-01

    Full Text Available Fantastic elements, utopia, specially, features of stories have place in the works of Anar, one of the contemporary representatives of the Azerbaijani literature. The poet took advantage of these features. The sixth floor in "The Sixth Floor of the Five-Story Building, moving limousine without a driver in the “Red Limousine”, beautiful summer house in the “Fright”, alive Albino in the bed room, mysterious events in “The Connection”, speaking subjects in pictures, appearing and escaping 30 storied building and other elements have successfully been narrated in the stories. Another story of Anar “White Ram, Black Ram” having utopic and dystopic features, drawing attention. Utopias on Azerbaijan and Turkey`s future of 21st century have been narrated in the work. Çağdaş Azerbaycan edebiyatının temsilcilerinden olan Anar’ın eserlerinde, fantastik ögelerin, ütopyanın, özellikle masal unsurlarının önemli bir yeri vardır. Yazar, bütün eserlerinde bu unsurlardan faydalanmıştır. Beş Katlı Evin Altıncı Katı’ndaki altıncı kat, Kırmızı Limuzin’deki hareket eden şoförsüz kırmızı limuzin, Vahime’deki esrarengiz bağ evi, yatak odasındaki ölmeyen albino, Alaka’daki sırlı olaylar, resimleri canlanarak konuşan tablolar, bir görünüp bir kaybolan 30 katlı apartman vb. fantastik ögeler, bu eserlerdeki bilim kurgu unsurları başarılı bir şekilde anlatılmıştır. Anar’ın Ak Koç Kara Koç eseri ütopik ve distopik özellikli bir eser olarak dikkat çekmektedir. Eserde 21. yüzyılda Azerbaycan’ın ve Türk dünyasının geleceği ile ilgili ütopyalardan bahsedilmektedir.

  6. Golõshom i publitshno / Sofja Bauer, Tiia Linnard

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Bauer, Sofia, 1947-2001

    1998-01-01

    Ida-Virumaa kunstnike kevadnäitusest Jõhvis, kujundas Aleksandr Igonin. Tutvustatakse osalevaid kunstnikke : Kalev Prits (Pump), Aleksandr Igonin, Aira ja Mati Rautso, Ljudmila Maisurjan, Andres Malõgin, Irja Annus, Juri Horev jt.

  7. Golõshom i publitshno / Sofja Bauer, Tiia Linnard

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Bauer, Sofia, 1947-2001

    1998-01-01

    Ida-Virumaa kunstnike kevadnäitusest Jõhvis, kujundas Aleksandr Igonin. Tutvustatakse osalevaid kunstnikke : Kalev Prits (Pump), Aleksandr Igonin, Aira ja Mati Rautso, Ljudmila Maisurjan, Andres Malõgin, Irja Annus, Juri Horev jt.

  8. ETM+影像提取伏沙地信息的最佳波段组合——以内蒙古锡林郭勒盟西乌旗为例%Selection of ETM+ Remote Sensing Image Optimum Waveband Combination in Information Extraction of Sinking Sandy Land The Case in Xiwu Flag, Xilin Gol League, Inner Mongolia

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张韬; 赵宇飞; 安慧君; 陈秀兰

    2011-01-01

    以伏沙地信息提取为研究目的,依次应用单波段信息量、相关系数矩阵、最佳指数法(OIF)、典型地物影像光谱特征曲线分析的方法,对内蒙古锡林郭勒盟西乌旗ETM+遥感影像数据的最佳波段选择进行研究.结果表明,第4波段信息量大,与其他波段间相关性小,作为必选波段;5、3波段次之;3、4、5波段组合的OIF较高.最后根据目视辨别认定波段(红)4、(绿)5、(蓝)3组合是针对伏沙地信息的最佳波段组合.%This paper discusses the optimum waveband combination in information extraction of sinking sandy land. The single band dataset, the correlation coefficient, the Optimum Index Factor (OIF) and the typical object spectral image feature curve are used to analyze the ETM+ multi-spectral band combination for sinking sandy information extraction in Xiwu Flag, Xilin Gol League, Inner Mongolia. The results show that: (1) Band 4 contains the greatest amount of information with the smallest correlation with other bands,band 5 and band 3 follow in their importance. The higher OIF can be obtained with the band 3, band 4, and band 5 combination, which is the best combination for sinking sandy land information extraction. (2) To select the best band combination according to remote sensing research target, different research objects have different best band combinations. To calculate the optimum band combination for relevant index for sinking sandy, one can use ERDAS and EXCEL tools to establish the function model, so as to improve the calculation effieiency. (3) In a typical ground, the feature image characteristic curve, sinking sandy land and typical steppe spectrum may be similar,as their difference is in the underground soil horizon part, while the ground vegetation in the remote sensing image through the spectra is difficult to be distinguished. The texture characteristics through images, the position relations ere are indirectly conditional to discriminate accurately. (4

  9. OLIGOCENE STRATIGRAPHY BASED ON A SEDIMENT-BASALT ASSOCIATION IN CENTRAL MONGOLIA(TAATSIIN GOL AND TAATSIIN TSAGAAN NUUR AREA,VALLEY OF LAKES):REVIEW OF A MONGOLIAN-AUSTRIAN PROJECT%蒙古中部湖泊之谷沉积岩-玄武岩共存的渐新世地层:蒙古-奥地利合作项目回顾

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Gudrun DAXNER-H(O)CK; Demchig BADAMGARAV; Margarita ERBAJEVA

    2010-01-01

    The Oligocene sedimentary sequence of the Taatsiin Gol and Taatsiin Tsagaan Nuur area is of unique stratigraphic importance:here,the exposed sediments of the Hsanda Gol and the Loh Formations display multiple fossil horizons and interbedded basah layers.In the frame of a Mongolian-Austrian pro-ject,289 fossil taxa(11 Gastropoda,2 Amphibia,9 Reptilia and 267 Mammalia)were collected from 85 fossil horizons of 33 sections/fossil sites of the study area.The taxa were identified by an interna-tional team of specialists.This contribution presents comprehensive mammal lists of all localities.By integrating the new data on large and small mammals,the Mongolian informal biozones A,B,C,C1 were updated.40Ar/39Ar-datings provide at least two groups of basalt ages,the Early Oligocene ba-salt I group around 31.5 Ma and the Late Oligocene basalt II group around 28 Ma.They serve as chronological tie points in the Oligocene mammalian stratigraphy.From the Early to the Late Oligocene the mammal associations underwent remarkable changes involving a ignificant decrease of species numbers in the Late Oligocene.This trend was most strik-ing in creodont,carnivore and ruminant communities.%Taatsiin Col和Taatsiin Tsagaan Nuur地区的渐新世沉积序列具有重要的地层学意义:这里出露的三达河组和Loh组沉积含有多个化石层和玄武岩夹层.在蒙古-奥地利合作项目中,从研究区域的33个剖面/化石地点的85个化石层中采集了289种化石(11种腹足类、2种两柄类、9种爬行类和267种哺乳类).本文提供了所有地点的完整哺乳动物清单,并结合大、小哺乳动物的新资料,对蒙古非正式的生物带A,B,C和Cl进行了更新.40Ar/39Ar测年给出了至少两组玄武岩年龄:早渐新世玄武岩Ⅰ组大约31.5 Ma,晚渐新世玄武岩Ⅱ组大约28 Ma.它们可以用作渐新世哺乳动物地层学的年代校正点.从早渐新世至晚渐新世,哺乳动物群发生了显著的变化,包括晚渐新世种

  10. Reflection on plant cover of climate change: Decline Anatolian black pines on district between Afsin-Goksun (Kahramanmaras, Turkeyİklim değişikliğinin bitki örtüsüne yansımasına bir örnek: Göksun-Afşin arası (Kahramanmaraş sahadaki Karaçam kurumaları

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Celalettin Duran

    2012-12-01

    Full Text Available AbstractThe purpose of this study was to examine decline Anatolian black pines [Pinus nigra Arn. subsp. pallasiana (Lamb. Holmboe] on Tuluce hill district between Afsin-Goksun region in Kahramanmaras province. As a result of the Ecological (climate, soil, air pollution and Biological (insect, fungus, parasite plant etc. researches; other factors the exception of drought have no priority affection on black pine deaths. As on Turkey, drought conditions have dominated on the region after the year 1994. These changes have been occurred by constantly deaths in community of black pines on the south-facing slope (between the years 2000-2009. Increasing temperature and evaporation, decreasing relative humidity and rainfall-runoff is clearly for the region. In addition, there were not air pollution and infected primer insect-fungus damage. This also strengthens the impact of drought.Identified areas of tree deaths in recent years are generally near the inner regions (the steppe areas. Climate change and drought must be an indication of pushing towards more humid areas of black pine forests which is able to approaching much more onto the steppes of inner Anatolian.ÖzetBu çalışmada, Kahramanmaraş ili Göksun-Afşin ilçeleri arasında kalan Tülüce tepe mevkisindeki Anadolu karaçamı [Pinus nigra Arn. subsp. pallasiana (Lamb. Holmboe] kurumalarının sebepleri araştırılmıştır. Ekolojik (iklim, toprak, hava kirliliği vd. ve biyotik (böcek, mantar, parazit bitki vd. incelemeler sonunda, kuraklık dışındaki diğer unsurların kurumalar üzerinde önemli ve öncelikli bir etkisi görülmemiştir. Türkiye genelinde olduğu gibi, 1994 yılı sonrası bölgede de kurak koşullar egemen olmuştur. Bu nedenle (2000–2009 yılları arası, güney bakılı yamaçta gruplar halinde karaçam kurumaları yaşanmıştır. İncelenen iklimsel parametrelerden sıcaklık ve buharlaşmada artma, bağıl nem ve yağış-akışta azalma belirgindir. Bunun

  11. REBIRTH OF AN OLD HISTORY: INTERTEXUAL ANALYSIS OF THEME AND IMAGERY IN BLACK BOOK IN FIRST CONTEXT ESKİ BİR HİKÂYENİN YENİDEN DOĞUŞU: KARA KİTAP’TAKİ İZLEK VE İMGELEMİN METİNLERARASILIK BAĞLAMINDA İNCELENMESİ

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ülkü ELİUZ

    2012-01-01

    reaching divine love from human love Modern Türk edebiyatı metinlerinde, “eski”nin zamansal ve mekânsal sınırlamaları aşılarak kültürel bellek mekânları metinsel arketip niteliğinde kullanılır. Geleneğin aşılacak değil, kaynak olarak kullanılacak bir birikim şeklinde algılanması gerektiğinin göstergesi olan bu metinlerde özellikle içerik ödünçlemesi yapılarak Doğu ve Batı edebiyatlarının evrensel izlekleri metinlerarası yöntemlerle yeniden yazılır. Hafızanın ayak seslerinin tüm anlatı boyunca varlığını sürdürdüğü Orhan Pamuk‟un Kara Kitap adlı romanı da gelenek-modernizm buluşmasında varlık bulan postmodern bir yeni‟den yazma/ yeni‟den yaratma çabasının sonucudur. Eserde eski imgeler (Hüsn ü Aşk, Mantıku‟t- Tayr, Mevlana-Şems aşkı ile yeni metin arasında bir sürerlilik ve bütünlük oluştuğu görülür. Kara Kitap‟ın arka planında Şeyh Galip‟in Hüsn ü Aşk, Attar‟ın Mantıku‟t-Tayr adlı mesnevileri ve Mevlana-Şems imgeleri ile aktarılan kendi-öteki bütünleşmeleri yer alır. Üç metin de metaforik bir arayış yolculuğunun hikâyesini yansıtırlar. Tasavvufi düşünceye göre “arayış” kendi varoluş hakikatine (insan-ı kâmil ulaşmak isteyen insanın içsel yolculuğu (seyr ü sülûk dur. Söz konusu arayışı motive eden güç ise “aşk”tır. Bu bağlamda üst anlatı (tasavvuf ile gönderge metinler (Hüsn ü Aşk; Mantıku‟t-Tayr; Mevlana-Şems aşkı ve ana metnin (Kara Kitap, sabit ve değişmez bir doğası olmayan bireye ait hiç bitmeyen değerleri aktaran yaratım deneyimleridir.Bu çalışma, geçmişin, „şimdi‟nin, belleğin ve bireysel özdeşliğin devamlılığına olanak tanıyan bu metinlerin gelenek-içi parametrelerin kuramsal ve yöntemsel kullanımları bağlamında metinlerarası incelenmesinden oluşmaktadır. Bireye ve topluma ait değerler dizgesinin irdelendiği; söylemsel izlekler ve tinsel bağıntıda bulu

  12. The Ob Estuary (Kara Sea) Coastal Dynamics Interannual Variability Assessment

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kopa-Ovdienko, N.; Volobueva, N.; Ogorodov, S.

    2012-04-01

    There are several promising gas fields in the Ob Estuary. For their development comprehensive research, including coastal dynamics assessment, is required. To estimate current and speak about future coastal dynamics rates we need to investigate its interannual variability connecting it with variability of major coastal dynamics factors. It is known that in this region one of the main coastal dynamics factors is wave action, which, in turn, depends on wind velocity and direction. Wind data for ice-free period were derived from nearby hydro-meteorological stations. The research was conducted for two sections of the Ob Estuary coast. One section is located on the eastern coast of the estuary (Taz peninsula); the other is located on the western one (Yamal peninsula). Each of these sections is 10 km length. For key-sites of the coast wave-dangerous rhumbs were determined. For ice-free period of each year accumulated summer storm duration (ASSD) - number of hours with strong winds (≥10 m/s) from wave-dangerous directions - was calculated for both sections of coast. Supposing that coast retreat rate is proportional to number of hours with strong winds from wave-dangerous rhumbs, we can approximately assess interannual variability of coast retreat rate. Our research revealed that: 1)There are significant (from hours to a few hundreds of hours) differences in ASSD from year to year due to short ice-free period and high variability of wind velocity and direction. So, we can expect sharp interannual differences in coastal retreat rate. 2)The duration of strong winds from wave-dangerous rhumbs during ice-free period is more on the eastern coast of the estuary than on the western. This goes from the predominance of northern and northwestern winds during ice-free period. These winds cause waves leading to coastal erosion on the eastern coast of estuary and don't cause such waves on the western one. However, we can't draw conclusions about the comparative rates of coastal erosion on the western and eastern coasts of the estuary, because they are significantly different in morphology and lithology. 3)The specific years with frequent strong winds from wave-dangerous rhumbs during ice-free period on the western and eastern coasts of the Ob Estuary don't concur. That means, that in the same year, we can see accelerated retreat rate on the one coast of the estuary and stabilization on the other.

  13. Ultra supercritical pressure. Cho rinkaiatsu kara chocho rinkaiatsu e

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Matsuo, T. (Mitsubishi Heavy Industries Ltd., Tokyo (Japan))

    1992-10-05

    In Japanese thermoelectric power plants the steam condition was made higher in pressure and temperature with a rise in the requirement to enhance the plant efficiency being spurred by a rapid increasement in the demand of electric power since 1955. It was 1967 when a supercritical power plant of 24.2 MPa steam pressure started its operation. Afterwards, the enhancement of the plant efficiency by upgrading the steam condition was again paid attention against the sharp rise in fuel cost caused by oil shock in two times originating from 1973. In 1989 Japan's first ultra supercritical pressure plant of 31.1 MPa steam pressure, Kawagoe No.1 of Chubu Electric Power Co.,Inc. began its operation and achieved an efficiency of 41.9 %, approximately 5 % higher than hitherto. In Kawagoe No.1 boiler, a 9Cr-1 Mo system material excellent in high temperature strength was put to practical use and applied to main steam tubes and super-heater tube exit headers, also a fine grained 18Cr-11Ni-Nb-Ta steel excellent in high temperature strength as well as steam oxidizing property was developed and adopted to super-heater tubes. Thus, the reduction of thermal stress and the improvement of responsiveness were attained by thinning the thickness of tube with these materials. 3 refs., 2 figs.

  14. A novel fabrication of meso-porous silica film by sol-gol of TEOS

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    殷明志; 姚熹; 张良莹

    2004-01-01

    A homogeneous crack-free nano- or meso-porous silica films on silicon was fabricated by colloidal silica sol derived by hydrolyzing tetraethyl orthosilicate (TEOS) catalyzing with (C4H9)4N+OH- in water medium. The solution with ratio of H2O/TEOS≥15, R4N+ and glycerol as templates, combining with the hydrolyzed intermediate, controlled the silica aggregating; the templated silica film with heterostructure was developed into homogeneous nano-porous then meso-porous silica films after being annealed from 750 ℃ to 850 ℃; the formation mechanism of the porous silica films was discussed; morphologies of the silica films were characterized. The refractive indexes of the porous silica films were 1.256-1.458, the thermal conductivity < 0.7 W/m/K. The fabricating procedure and the sequence had not been reported before.

  15. HOT ITEM CHECK GOL OR FUL夏日必入缤纷单品集合

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    miji

    2013-01-01

    热情的夏日时节总是有种让人绽放所有色彩的魔力。本期EasyStyle严选夏日多彩单品。让你享受夏日热情阳光的同时拥有绝高注目度,想要五彩度夏就赶快check啦!

  16. ANÁLISE DE FATORES DETERMINANTES DO GOL NO FUTSAL FEMININO

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Gabriela Barreto David

    2014-04-01

    Full Text Available Introduction: Futsal has been expanding worldwide. In the game the central objective is the goal, because its amount determines the outcome of the match. Therefore, it is important to study the determinants of goal and meet influential variables in its obtaining, as the place and time that it occurs, the move sources, the technical performance or how other variables can contribute to the planning of the training of the teams. Objective: To evaluate the incidence of goals and associated factors in women's futsal Championship matches of Rio Grande do Sul State in 2011. Materials and methods: It was analyzed 12 matches of Universidade Católica de Pelotas (UCPel in the State Championship, women's Futsal in 2011. Through video and the score sheet it were analyzed variables associated with the marking of goals, among them, the time of occurrence (first or second, the influence of the row goalkeeper, technical performance of the team at the time of the goal and the court sector that led to the goal. Results: Over the games there were 28 goals scored in favor and 63 against the UCPel. The largest number occurred in the final 10 minutes of the matches and originated in the opposite area. The influence of the row goalkeeper was small and only in the final moments. Technical performance aspects such as disarmament and missed passes have correlation with goals scored and conceded. Conclusion: It is suggested to emphasize the training in techniques and tactics similar to those actions that happen in the final minutes and reorganize defensive systems used to protect your area, because it is within it that occur more goals.

  17. The effect of a 6-week land and resistance training of 13-16 years old swimmers groups to lower limb isokinetic strength values and to swimming performance13-16 yaş grubu yüzücülerde 6 haftalık kara ve direnç antrenmanlarının alt ekstremite izokinetik kuvvet performansına ve yüzme derecelerine etkisi

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ayşegül Yapıcı

    2016-12-01

    Full Text Available The aim of this study is to investigate the effect of a 6-week land and resistance training of 13-16 year old swimmers groups to lower limb isokinetic strength values and to swimming performance. 22 swimmers participated in this study. The subjects were divided into three groups (A-B-C according to their 50m swimming degrees. 25m underwater,25m,50m,75m and 100m freestyle swimming degrees of swimmers were recorded. As isokinetic measurements was applied at 60°/s,180°/s and 240°/s speed and the right and left knee. Kruskal-Wallis is used the differences between groups, the Mann-Whitney U test is used for which group the difference is caused and group differences were analyzed with the Wilcoxon test. Statistically significant difference was found between pre-test and post-test of 25m underwater,25m,50m,75m and 100m freestyle swimming values (p<0.05. In all groups, at 60°/s,180°/s,240°/s, for the right and left knee flexors and extensor, and freestyle swimming degrees positive development is observed. After 6-weeks training, isokinetic strength and swimming degrees of the group C increased 9.25%, whereas B has increased 8.35%. The pre-test and post-test results in 25m underwater,25m,50m,75m and 100m freestyle swimming values were statistically significant between the groups (p<0.05. In this study, it is possible to say that the land and resistance training can make a significant contribution to the performance of the force in this age group swimmer.   Özet Bu çalışmanın amacı; 13-16 yaş grubu yüzücülerde 6 haftalık kara ve direnç antrenmanlarının alt ekstremite izokinetik kuvvet değerlerine ve yüzme performansına etkisini araştırmaktır. Çalışmaya 22 yüzücü katılmıştır. Denekler 50m yüzme derecelerine göre üç gruba (A-B-C ayrılmıştır. Yüzücülerin 25m sualtı, 25m, 50m, 75m ve 100m serbest stildeki yüzme dereceleri kayıt edilmiştir. İzokinetik ölçümler 60°/s, 180°/s ve 240°/s hızda sağ ve

  18. 奇瑞QQ VS与大众GOL--评IMC在汽车营销中的实践%Cherry QQ VS Volkswagen GOL-comment on IMC during practice in auto sales

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    陈宪

    2004-01-01

    @@ 中国加入WTO之后,无论是国外还是国内,各种资本纷纷进入汽车行业,新车型频频推出,价格战连绵不断,形成了一种群雄逐鹿的强大竞争态势.在这种巨大的竞争压力下,大部分汽车厂家开始尝试运用公关、广告、促销、降价等营销手段,打造强势汽车品牌.这标志着中国汽车业真正进入了营销时代,各大汽车厂商能不能在这种激烈的竞争中站稳脚跟取决于营销.本文将通过奇瑞QQ和大众GOL一成一败两个案例讨论IMC(整合营销传播)在汽车营销中的应用,希望能给汽车营销提供一点借鉴.

  19. ANÁLISE DOS GOLS EM JOGOS DE FUTSAL SUB-17 NO CAMPEONATO ESTADUAL DE SÃO PAULO 2012

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jussiê de Melo de Campos

    2014-04-01

    Full Text Available Introduction: Currently, futsal is a unpredictable game and there are several possibilities of goals. Objective: The objective of this study was to analyze how the goals occurred in the games of the São Paulo championship 2012. Materials and methods: Were analyzed technical tactical actions. The sample consisted of shooting 6 of 10 first rounds matches of the 2012 state team. Data were recorded in Excel 2007. The method adopted was quantitative. Results and Discussion: In the results the technical-tactical actions that stood out over the others were the moves combined and individual plays with 40% and 23% respectively. The moves set pieces resulted in 20%, representing a substantial number of total goals in the games studied. Conclusion: It can be concluded that there is an advantage in goals in the context of technical-tactical Combined Played and played-pieces were also significant in the research.

  20. Kara Dut (Morus nigra L.) Bitkisinin In Vitro Çoğaltımı

    OpenAIRE

    KALKIŞIM, Özgün; Turan, Ali; AZERİ, Fatma Nur; ÖZDEŞ, Duygu

    2014-01-01

    Karadutun (Morus nigra L.) doku kültürü ile çoğaltılabilme imkanlarını belirlemek amacıyla yapılan bu çalışmada, erişkin ağaçların obur dallarından alınan nodal eksplantlardan çoklu sürgün teşvikini sağlamaya yönelik etkili bir protokol standardize edilmek üzere, bitki büyüme düzenleyicilerin farklı konsantrasyon ve kombinasyonu ile zenginleştirilmiş MS ortamları denenmiştir. Beş ayrı konsantrasyonda BAP (6-enzylaminopurine; 1,0, 2,0, 3,0, 4,0, 5,0 mg/L) ile desteklenmiş ve ayrıca BAP, NAA (...

  1. Eessõna : [Eesti Haridusteaduste Ajakirja vabanumbrile] / Krista Uibu, Aino Ugaste, Kara Brown

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Uibu, Krista

    2014-01-01

    Ülevaade ajakirja artiklitest, mis käsitlevad kogemuste mõju õpetaja kui indiviidi elule, õpetajate ja üliõpilaste praktilisi õpetamis- ja õppimiskogemusi ning viimaste kümnendite olulisemaid haridusuuendusi Eestis ja nende mõju õpilase identiteedile

  2. Method of estimating motion from change of tactile images; Sesshokuatsu bunpu henka kara no undo suiteiho

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Emura, S. [Nippon Telegraph and Telephone Corp., Tokyo (Japan); Tachi, S. [The University of Tokyo, Tokyo (Japan). Faculty of Engineering

    1998-05-31

    Tactile sensing has received an increasing amount of attention since 1980s, and some works for the detection of a target shape through contact point sensing from tactile and proprioceptive information have been done. However, all of them are based on the assumption that the target is static and rigid. In this paper, we derive the relation between the motion of the target object and the changes of contact oval parameters, and analyze the conditions for estimating the motion of the target object. On the numerical verification of regularity of this relation for a target model, it is shown that the change of tactile images and the relative velocity on two sites are enough for estimating the motion, compliance, and curvature of the target object. 13 refs., 10 figs.

  3. Bagasse paper from squeezed sugar cane refuse; Satokibi no shiborikasu kara umareta bagasse shi ni suite

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Yoshimura, T.; Mochizuki, Y.; Hara, H. [Mishima Paper Co. Ltd., Tokyo (Japan)

    1998-07-01

    This paper describes paper making from sugar cane bagasse. Sugar cane stem includes water content of 70-75% and sugar content of nearly 20%. Squeezed sugar cane bagasse is composed of water content of 45%, cell content of 50% and sugar content of 5%. Chemical composition of bagasse is composed of cellulose of 46.0-62.9%, lignin of 16.4-22.5%, pentosan of 25.5-33.4% and ash of 1.0-5.4%, including rich lignin and hemicellulose as compared with flax. Bagasse fiber is featured by length of 0.5-2.5mm and weight average fiber length of nearly 1.5mm, showing a property more close to wood pulp than flax or cotton fiber. Under the same beating condition, non-wood pulp such as flax and kenaf (ambary) pulp forms bulky low-density sheet, while bagasse pulp generally forms high-density sheet. Bagasse paper with basic characteristics as printing paper can be manufactured through appropriate beating treatment of bagasse pulp after appropriate de-pith, digestion and bleaching treatments. 14 refs., 15 figs., 13 tabs.

  4. Investigations on forests from viewpoints of global environment; Shinrin no chikyu kankyoteki shiten kara no chosa

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1996-03-01

    Forests have become drawing attention as an absorption source of carbon dioxide, a greenhouse effect gas. This paper discusses significance of forests from viewpoints of their roles as diverse ecological systems and socio-economic values. Forest is a place for living and resting of all kinds of living organisms including plants, animals and microorganisms. Living forms in forests being affluent in kinds and large in amount bring great favor to human societies. Forests play diversified roles other than biological roles in addition to largely affecting heat distribution on the ground through evapotranspiration. These roles include suppression of erosion on ground surface, alleviation of micro climate by reducing wind velocity on the ground, and disaster prevention. Forests have an aspect of supply source of production resources for societies as well as an aspect of unused lands. Efficiency of converting solar energy by plants looks inferior to that of solar cells. Biomass may be regarded as regenerative energy limited to a case where excess production is utilized. 142 refs., 56 figs., 44 tabs.

  5. Production of biopolymers from carbon dioxide. Tansan gas kara no bio polymer no seisan

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Ishizaki, A. (Kyushu University, Fukuoka (Japan). Faculty of Agriculture)

    1993-11-01

    This paper describes biopolymers made from CO2 that contribute to global preservation. PHB that is generated in the processes of CO2 fermentation and protein production from microorganisms draws attention as a useful biopolymer. Biological synthesis requires energy to synthesize the composing materials therein. Organisms are divided into the independent type and the subordinate type depending on how the energy is acquired. The independent type organism is of CO2 self-reducing type, so to speak, and produces organic matters. When hydrogen oxidizing bacteria, A. eutrophus, is cultured under an independent nutrient condition, energy derived from the hydrogen oxidation proliferates the bacteria and produces PHB. However, this fermentation method has a substantially different difficulty. It requires a huge reactor with a large gas migration capacity coefficient, on which the PHB production depends entirely. Other CO2 biopolymer production methods under study include effective utilization of biomass during photosynthetic processes by using plants incorporated with PHB biosynthesized genes, and production of polylactic acid, a biodegradable polymer. 9 refs., 3 figs.

  6. Eessõna : [Eesti Haridusteaduste Ajakirja vabanumbrile] / Krista Uibu, Aino Ugaste, Kara Brown

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Uibu, Krista

    2014-01-01

    Ülevaade ajakirja artiklitest, mis käsitlevad kogemuste mõju õpetaja kui indiviidi elule, õpetajate ja üliõpilaste praktilisi õpetamis- ja õppimiskogemusi ning viimaste kümnendite olulisemaid haridusuuendusi Eestis ja nende mõju õpilase identiteedile

  7. Performance analysis in Japanese field test program; Field test data kara no chiiki hatsuden kaiseki hoho

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Sugiyama, H.; Kurokawa, K.; Uchida, D. [Tokyo University of Agriculture and Technology, Tokyo (Japan); Otani, K.; Sakuta, K.; Tsuda, I. [Electrotechnical Laboratory, Tsukuba (Japan); Oshiro, T.; Sakamoto, K. [Japan Quality Assurance Organization, Tokyo (Japan)

    1997-11-25

    Power generation characteristics are investigated using data collected in photovoltaic power generation field tests being undertaken by NEDO (New Energy and Industrial Technology Development Organization). The photovoltaic power generation system performance is evaluated by examining loss factors leading to degradation in system performance, with weather conditions such as variation in insolation and air temperature, inverter performance, and shadows cast by surrounding buildings taken into consideration. As the result, it is found that the important loss factors are degradation in module performance due to elevated temperature, drift in the maximum output control, degraded inverter performance due to input power variation, effect of shadows, etc. It is learned that system is greatly affected by degradation in module performance due to increased temperature in summer and by shadows in winter, the two being responsible for the output coefficient dropping to approximately 75% throughout the year. The output coefficient frequency distribution charts for the 75 test sites confirm that the rate is as low as 70-80% at many sites. As for the system operating time, it tends to be longer in West Japan where the annual insolation rate is higher. 3 refs., 10 figs.

  8. Buried and Massive Ground Ice on the West Coast of Baidaratskaya Bay in the Kara Sea

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    N. G. Belova

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available Using data on the structure, conditions of occurrence (bedding, and the isotope composition of massive ice beds on the West coast of Baydaratskaya Bay it was established that the massive ice beds even occurring in the same outcrop may be related to different genetic types. There are two groups of the massive ice: 1 the «upper» thick (> 3 m massive ice beds composed by buried basal glacier ice; and 2 the «lower» small ice beds (< 3 m, formed both intrasedimentally and as a result of burial of initially surface ice bodies. Sand thickness which included both groups of the massive ice started its formation before the glacial ice burial. As a result of advancing and later degradation of the glacier, probably moving from the Pay-Khoy ridge or from the Polar Ural, its lower (basal parts were preserved within the permafrost thickness. 

  9. Solar wheel chair; Solar kurumaisu (iryokei no tachiba kara no kokoromi)

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Okabe, K. [Gunma Prefectural College of Health Sciences, Gunma (Japan)

    1996-10-27

    Physically handicapped people due to accidents for example have been increasing yearly in number with the increase of the aged, spread of cars, and change in the living environment. Therefore, participation in society by such people as called the weak is indispensable. Under the circumstances, as a means of their participation, a wheel chair as a moving aid was examined from the viewpoint of medical treatment and classified into three categories as follows: (1) for the use of the aged who are healthy but leg muscles are weak, (2) for the use of the invalid incapable of moving a part of the body and (3) for the use in sports by people who are disabled in the lower half of the body but healthy otherwise. In other words, prototypes were made for three kinds of solar wheel chair, for the aged, for the invalid and for sport use by the disabled, with a field test performed for each prototype. The wheel chairs were exhibited in the school, used in welfare facilities and driven by a disabled person who participated in 100km marathon. The users` opinions were favorable stating they were able to drive by themselves the new vehicle utilizing the clean energy and to move around by their own free will. 6 refs., 5 figs.

  10. Coastal dynamics of Garabogazköl bay of Caspian Sea

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kurbanov, Redzhep

    2016-04-01

    50 years history. We can state that the modern relief of the coast is largely inherited. During the various phases of Late Pleistocene history kept its main morphological features. The types of coasts also only slightly changed during the level fluctuations. This is explained by repetitive rhythmic fluctuations of the basin level. For a period of transgression abrasion process are predominate, increasing at the approach to the peak of transgression. Since the beginning of the regressive phase accumulation possesses growing. In the context of repetitive cycles the accumulative formation can be eroded completely, but sometimes sand and shell material is cementing. Such lithified accumulative forms can withstand abrasion and thus partially saved. In the era of Late Quaternary transgressions of the Caspian Sea level raised significantly above its present position. According to modern concepts, the morphology of the Garabogazköl in its current position was shape at the end of the Late Hazarian stage, when a large bar, the foundation of modern Kara-Bogaz spit was formed. This research was supported by the Russian Science Foundation Project 14-17-00705.

  11. Design Analysis of U-Shaped Dry Dock and Lock Structures: A Survey.

    Science.gov (United States)

    1986-05-01

    The results of various research activi- ties were reported by Gol’tsman (1975), Gol’tsman and Sheinman (1976), Gol’tsman (1977), and Bugrov (1978). Of...No. 3, pp 282-295. Gol’tsman, V. Kh., and Sheinman , L. B. 1976. "Calculation of Dock Structures of Lock Chambers Utilizing the Data from Full-Scale

  12. Galactinol synthase across evolutionary diverse taxa: functional preference for higher plants?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sengupta, Sonali; Mukherjee, Sritama; Parween, Sabiha; Majumder, Arun Lahiri

    2012-05-21

    Galactinol synthase (GolS), a GT8 family glycosyltransferase, synthesizes galactinol and raffinose series of oligosaccharides (RFOs). Identification and analysis of conserved domains in GTs among evolutionarily diverse taxa, structure prediction by homology modeling and determination of substrate binding pocket followed by phylogenetic analysis of GolS sequences establish presence of functional GolS predominantly in higher plants, fungi having the closest possible ancestral sequences. Evolutionary preference for a functional GolS expression in higher plants might have arisen in response to the need for galactinol and RFO synthesis to combat abiotic stress, in contrast to other organisms lacking functional GolS for such functions. Copyright © 2012 Federation of European Biochemical Societies. Published by Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.

  13. RELAÇÃO ENTRE O PRIMEIRO GOL E O RESULTADO FINAL DO JOGO DE FUTSAL NA COPA DO MUNDO DE 2012

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Werlayne Stuart Soares Leite

    2014-04-01

    Full Text Available Among the many technical and tactical aspects of players behavior, the goals are the most studied. It is true that the goal is the key of success for the teams and therefore its analysis in all matches in a big futsal tournament (world cup allows for multiple assessments. The objective of this study was to analyze the first goal impact to the result in a futsal match, identifying the team that scored the first goal of the match and the result obtained by this team: win, draw or lose. Subsequently, relate the obtained results with physical, technical, tactical and psychological performance. We analyzed all the matches in World Cup 2012 (n=52. The data were obtained from the database of the website of the Fédération Internationale de Football Association - FIFA through official overviews of the matches. We collected quantitative data, which are related to the time the goals were scored in the course of the matches. According to the data obtained, the team that scored the first goal of the match won in 71.15% of the matches, with a high probability of winning. This high probability should be associated to the physical, technical, tactical and mainly psychological aspect.

  14. Oxidative potential (OP) and mineralogy of iron ore particulate matter at the Gol-E-Gohar Mining and Industrial Facility (Iran).

    Science.gov (United States)

    Soltani, Naghmeh; Keshavarzi, Behnam; Sorooshian, Armin; Moore, Farid; Dunster, Christina; Dominguez, Ana Oliete; Kelly, Frank J; Dhakal, Prakash; Ahmadi, Mohamad Reza; Asadi, Sina

    2017-03-09

    Concentrations of total suspended particulate matter, particulate matter with aerodynamic diameter iron ore PM. Accessory minerals are quartz, dolomite, hematite, actinolite, biotite, albite, nimite, laumontite, diopside, and muscovite. The scanning electron microscope structure of fibrous-elongated minerals revealed individual fibers in the range of 1.5 nm to 71.65 µm in length and 0.2 nm to 3.7 µm in diameter. The presence of minerals related to respiratory diseases, such as talc, crystalline silica, and needle-shaped minerals like amphibole asbestos (tremolite and actinolite), strongly suggests the need for detailed health-based studies in the region. The particulate samples show low to medium oxidative potential per unit of mass, in relation to an urban road side control, being more reactive with ascorbate than with glutathione or urate. However, the PM oxidative potential per volume of air is exceptionally high, confirming that the workers are exposed to a considerable oxidative environment. PM released by iron ore mining and processing activities should be considered a potential health risk to the mine workers and nearby employees, and strategies to combat the issue are suggested.

  15. 植物生长调节剂在高尔夫草坪上的应用%Application prospect of plant growth regulators on gol f turf

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    夏发生; 刘刚

    2013-01-01

    高尔夫球场草坪养护成本增加和效益降低已成为草坪养护管理者所面临的一个严峻问题。在草坪养护中,合理应用植物生长调节剂能有效地减少能源消耗和机械磨损,节省劳动力资源,提高草坪质量。植物生长调节剂能够促进高尔夫草坪种子萌发、幼苗生长和加速成坪;延缓高尔夫草坪生长,减少修剪;促进高尔夫草坪着色,延长绿期,提高草坪观赏性;促进草坪生根,增加分蘖,提高草坪草的抗逆性。%It has become a serious problem for turfgrass manager that the cost is increasing where as out-come is dropping in turfgrass maintenance and management.In the turf maintenance process,proper application of plant growth regulators can effectively reduce the energy consumption and mechanical wear,save labor usage and improve turf quality.Plant growth regulators can effectively promote the golf turf seed germination,rate seedling growth;reduce vain growth and mowing frequency;promote golf turf coloring,prolong green period;stimulate the root growth,improve tiller numbers;increase the resistance of turf.

  16. PERFIL CARACTERIZDOR E ANÁLISE DE GOLS DA SELEÇÃO BRASILEIRA DE BEACH SOCCER NA INTERCONTINENTAL CUP DUBAI 2012

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Edvaldo Torres Pedroza Júnior

    2014-04-01

    Full Text Available Introduction: For Leitão (2004, in most sportive modalities the obtainment of different kinds of information can be the threshold between the preparation that leads to success and that which leads to failure. Hence, we consider the game analysis of fundamental importance in collective sports. Objective: The present studies were analyses, interpreted and characterize the types of offensive actions as well as spatial zones of finalization where the goals were scored by the Brazilian National Beach Soccer Team at the 2012 Samsung Intercontinental Cup. Materials and Methods: At first we analyzed only as observers and through DVDs the 25 goals scored in the five matches played by the Brazilian Beach Soccer Team, regarding the statistical procedures we went through the descriptive statistics of the absolute, relative and average kind. Yet in a second moment, the data analyzed and classified by spatial zone and offensive action were compared to pertinent scientific literature. Results: Analyzing the data collected, it was possible to observe that the Brazilian Beach Soccer Team scored 25 goals in five matches, goal occurring in all kinds of standardized offensive actions, but with a higher percentage of incidences of positional attack followed by a dead ball. Regarding the spatial zones we use a classification standard goals occurred in almost all of the zones with the exception of two spatial zones. There being greater occurrence in the average right zone followed by the left offensive zone. Discussion: The goals occurred through the entire offensive tactic actions being the positional attack and dead ball the most effective forms to get to the goal post, however, regarding the zone of origin of the goal, goals happened in almost all of them, with the exception of the left defensive and the right offensive zones. Conclusion: We believe that the results obtained in this study may serve as a methodological reference for training organization and elaboration considering that there is virtually no scientific production related to the theme.

  17. Discussão do modelo porteriano através de críticas, teoria dos recursos e o caso GOL

    OpenAIRE

    Binder, Marcelo Pereira

    2010-01-01

    Em Estratégia Competitiva (1980) e Vantagem Competitiva (1985), Michael Porter desenvolveu seu modelo de competitividade empresarial definindo os conceitos de estratégia genérica e de cadeia de valor que se tornaram um paradigma da análise estratégica. O presente estudo resgata a discussão teórica no campo ocorrida na última década sobre a questão das estratégias genéricas, a teoria dos recursos, a sustentação da vantagem competitiva e a confronta com o modelo porteriano tradicional. O objeti...

  18. Synthesis of titanium nitride whiskers from potassium fluorotitanate (IV). Fukka chitan (IV) kariumu kara no chikka chitan whisker no gosei

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Tabuchi, Mitsuharu; Kaneko, Yasunari; Iwasaki, Hiromichi (Ritsumeikan Univ., Kyoto (Japan). Faculty of Science and Engineering)

    1990-01-01

    TiN whiskers were formed by heating K {sub 2} TiF {sub 6} powder put on a graphite boat in flowing nitrogen gas. The boat was put inside a graphite tube laid in a furnace tube, and the whiskers were formed on the outer surface of the graphite tube. Firing conditions necessary for the synthesis of the whiskers were as follows; temperature of 1300 centigrade or higher, duration of 4 hours or more, nitrogen gas flow at the rate of 90 - 250 m/min. As for the chemical process leading to TiN compound, it was assumed that titanium fluorides such as TiF {sub 4} or TiF {sub 3}, which were formed by thermal decomposition of K {sub 3} TiF {sub 6} derived from K {sub 2} TiF {sub 6}, were defluorinated by reacting with alumina in the furnace tube. Observations of the whiskers by use of SEM and TEM demonstrated square or regular-hexagonal cross-sections of them and suggested the layer growth mechanism for the growth of whiskers having square cross-sections. 9 refs., 6 figs.

  19. It thinks about ISO14001 of the university; Daigaku no ISO 14001 wo kangaeru. Tsukaisute shakai kara junkangata shakai e

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Kimura, Takayasu [Shibaura Inst. of Tech., Tokyo (Japan)

    1999-09-01

    An environmental problem always big concern including dioxin. A sign to change to (the circulation type society) which makes the promotion of the disposal of the repression of the discharge thing being done in Germany, the waste and recycling and saving energy the basis of the policy can watch the world. This is the society, which made (an environment) the highest order of priority, and it can think to be in the position that it is recommended actively as a university. It can't seem to see those activities conditions outside the learning very much except for some of the universities though each university is concerned actively even at present to the environmental problem and it contributes to the environment improvement for that and it seems that it was devoted. It is thought that that is because there is a problem in the goal for environment improvement and that technique. It ascertained that an environment control system ISO14001 for the enterprise could use even a university. (NEDO)

  20. Hydrogen production from food processing waste by anaerobic bacteria; Kenkisei saikin ni yoru shokuhin kako haikibutsu kara no suiso seisei

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Mizuno, O.; Ohara, T.; Noike, T. [Tohoku University, Sendai (Japan)

    1997-08-22

    To produce hydrogen from bean-curd refuse discharged from bean-curd production process, effects of solid concentration on the hydrogen production activity and the final amount of hydrogen production are clarified using hydrogen production sludge obtained from a soybean silo with hydrogen explosion. Decomposition characteristics of bean-curd refuse by hydrogen fermentation are also investigated. Hydrogen contents of fermentation gas produced from decomposed bean-curd refuse were between 54 and 78%. It was found that bean-curd refuse can be used for hydrogen fermentation. The final amounts of hydrogen production were between 0.014 and 0.020 m{sup 3}centre dotkgVS{sup -1}, which was not greatly affected by the solid concentration. Even under high solid concentration conditions, sufficient hydrogen was produced. The hydrogen production activity was affected by the solid concentration. During the hydrogen production process, concentrations of alcohol and volatile fatty acid increased with decreasing the concentration of soluble sugars in the liquid phase. Acetate, propionate, n-butyrate and ethanol were the main metabolic products. 10 refs., 5 figs., 2 tabs.

  1. Problems of the security of facility viewed from accident information; Jiko joho kara mita setsubi hozen no kadai

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Nishikawa, K. [The High Pressure Gas Safety Inst. of Japan, Tokyo (Japan)

    1996-02-01

    In petroleum complexes and chemical complexes in which the control of operation of the plants is being automated, most of the accidents recently occurring are accidents occurring during, especially, works which are difficult to automate, such as non-steady work and maintenance work rather than accidents ascribed to erroneous operation. The number of aged facilities has increased, and the facility maintenance work tends to be subcontracted increasingly. The facility engineering will become a still more important problem in the future. The High Pressure Gas Safety Institute of Japan has issued a compendium on the safety of high pressure gas every year since 1987, and they issued a collection of examples of accidents in complexes in 1991. This paper introduces main examples of the accidents concerning the facility maintenance, extracted from the accident information recorded in the compendium and the collection of examples of accidents. Finally, lessons learned from the accident information are enumerated, and future problems are posed which include subcontraction of the facility maintenance work, the facility management cost and the facility safety. 6 refs., 1 fig., 1 tab.

  2. Synthesis of A type zeolite from rice husk ash; Momigarabai kara no A gata zeolite no gosei

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Inoue, K. [Kyushu National Industrial Research Institute, Saga (Japan); Hara, N. [Kagoshima Prefectural Industrial Technology Center, Kagoshima (Japan)

    1995-09-01

    Attempts have been made on synthesizing A-type zeolite from rice husk ash made from burning under different conditions. The rice husk ash (comprising SiO2 at 90 and odd percent) was obtained by heating the rice husk to remove volatile constituents, burning at 350{degree}C to reduce carbon content, and further burning at 400 to 900{degree}C. Soda aluminate and caustic soda were used as additional materials for zeolite. Zeolite was synthesized by so mixing the raw materials that predetermined composition is achieved, adding seed crystals, and heating at 90{degree}C. The result may be summarized as follows: raising the burning temperature reduces the carbon content and increases whiteness of the rice husk ash; dissolution velocity of rice husk ash into NaOH aqueous solution was measured to evaluate the reactivity of the ash (the higher the more preferable); raised burning temperature causes transfer from amorphous state to crystalline state, reducing the dissolution velocity; the lower the burning temperature, the higher the A-type zeolite production rate becomes; whiteness in zeolite is insufficient; preparing water glass from rice husk ash and synthesizing zeolite therefrom achieves high whiteness and high production rate. 6 refs., 4 figs., 2 tabs.

  3. Recognition and enforcement of foreign court judgments in Poland / Jacek Gołaczyński, Grzegorz Karaś

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Gołaczyński, Jacek

    2010-01-01

    Euroopa Liidu Nõukogu (EÜ) määrusest nr. 44/2001 (22. detsember 2000, kohtualluvuse ja kohtuotsuste täitmise kohta tsiviil- ja kaubandusasjades) ja selle täitmisest Poolas, keeldumise õiguslikest alustest

  4. New bacteria suitable for production of ethanol from maltose. Marutosu kara no etanoru seizo ni tekishita shinki saikin

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Okamoto, T.; Taguchi, H.; Nakamura, K. (Kirin Brewery Co. Ltd., Tokyo (Japan))

    1992-10-07

    Bacteria such as Zymomonas atracts attention in production of ethanol from carbohydrates in addition to yeast used for a long time, however, Zymomonas ferments only glucose, fructose and sucrose. After searching microbes in the nature with excellent properties in fermentation ability and salt resistance, a new Gram-negative bacterium has been isolated from a certain tree sap which is suitable for production of ethanol from maltose and starch hydrolyzate. The features of cell morphology of the new bacterium are: bacillus, peritrichous, no sport forming, Q-9 in quinone system, and an anaerobic Gram-negative bacterium. It utilizes maltose, sorbitol and maltose and produces [alpha]-glucosidas but no [beta]-galactosidase nor arginine dihydrase. The strain T109 is deposited as FERM BP-3292 to the Industrial Research Institute of Microbiology. 2 figs., 2 tabs.

  5. Recognition and enforcement of foreign court judgments in Poland / Jacek Gołaczyński, Grzegorz Karaś

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Gołaczyński, Jacek

    2010-01-01

    Euroopa Liidu Nõukogu (EÜ) määrusest nr. 44/2001 (22. detsember 2000, kohtualluvuse ja kohtuotsuste täitmise kohta tsiviil- ja kaubandusasjades) ja selle täitmisest Poolas, keeldumise õiguslikest alustest

  6. 'New measure unit' from October first; 10 gatsu 1 nichi kara [shinkeiryo tani

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1999-10-01

    The conversion to a SI unit made the international harmonization of the measure unit, and in Japan, the measuring method revision 1992 imposed the complete transduction in the end in September, 1999. From October, the following are forbidden: Trade and proof which used the old unit, etc.. By pulling the trigger of a society confusion, the offender inflicts on the fine of 500 thousand yen or less. Contracts and specification, performance verification book, presentation documents to the government office, etc. undertake trade or proof. The trade is interpreted as an action in the business without relating to compensation or non-compensation. And, day height of the old unit and sale of the product in which the revelation was given and sale day exhibition are also forbidden except for the warehoused item since October. (translated by NEDO)

  7. Some features of the technogenic pollution of the Kara Sea, with the example of the sunken nuclear submarine K-27

    Science.gov (United States)

    Dmitrievskiy, N. N.; Nikiforov, S. L.; Lobkovsky, L. I.; Ananiev, R. A.

    2015-11-01

    This article discusses the results of offshore operations undertaken during a cruise of the R/V Professor Shtokman (2013) during an expedition in the fjord Stepovoi of the Novaya Zemlya Archipelago k]where the nuclear submarine (NPS) K-27 was scuttled in 1981 k]An echo sounding of her hull showed signs of water destratification k]which may be caused by turbulence from gas or heat flows outgoing from the hull k]According to the hypothesis of the author k]the presence of the reactors and radioactive nuclear fuel remnants may lead to the continued heating of the inner cavities of the submarine and k]as a consequence k]to constant heat flow from its surface k]which is an obvious danger k]including risks associated with plans to refloat and transport the submarine for the further dismantlement.

  8. AVANOS ÇÖMLEKÇİLİĞİNDE KAYBOLAN BİR DEĞER: KARA FIRIN

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Emet Egemen ASLAN

    2012-10-01

    Full Text Available Archeological studies conducted in Anatolia demonstrate that the ceramic production started in Neolithic Period. Finding obtained in the excavations show that the ceramic culture reached an advanced level ion this geography. However, only small amount of this rich culture survived currently. Avanos District of the Nevşehir Province is an important production center reflecting this culture and representing the traditional pottery. However, due to economical reasons, workshops producing ceramic articles closed one by one. The precautions taken by individuals and local authorities to stop this trend and to boost the Avanos pottery could not be sufficient. Thus, Avanos pottery is in danger of being lost. Only small number of potters in Avanos use the clay obtained from the region to make potteries and use the pottery-shaping set-up rotated by foot, locally called as Tepme Tezgahı, for shaping traditional forms of ceramic articles. Black kiln, a traditional kiln used in firing of these ceramic pieces, is used to put decorations on the potteries reflecting these forms. Although black kilns have been constructed and used by potters for years, there are only few workshops are using this kiln for firing purposes. Ceramics produced in Black Kilns and locally called as Allı- Güllü, are rare. However, in order to prevent loosing this traditional Anatolian pottery value and transfer the knowledge to the next generations, black kilns should be constructed and workshops should be done.

  9. January 17, 1995, Hyogo-ken Nanbu Earthquake. Viewpoint of engineering geology; Hyogoken Nanbu Jishin. Oyo chishitsugaku kara no shiten

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1996-10-10

    Hanshin-Awaji earthquake investigation committee was organized by Japanese Engineering Geology Society to carry out the investigation in respect of Hyogo-ken Nanbu Earthquake occurred on January 17, 1995. In this feature edition, reports of said committee including `Crustal movement and seismic faulting`, `Earthquake motion: geology and structure damage`, `Actual circumstances and geological conditions of ground disasters` and `Groundwater fluctuations caused by the earthquake` are gathered. In compilation of `Earthquake motion and active fault`, the investigation on seismic fault and active fault is conducted and the evaluation as well as the studying theme in respect of seismic fault is summarized. In compilation of `Ground, earthquake motion and structure damage`, damage due to the earthquake motion caused by earthquake is concluded from the relations of geographical feature, geological structure and ground. In compilation of `Actual state of earthquake damage and ground condition`, the characteristics of ground damage are analyzed and the relations of such damages with geological structure and geographical feature are investigated. In compilation of `Groundwater fluctuation caused by the earthquake`, the characteristics of groundwater behaviors before and after earthquake are analyzed. 303 refs., 118 figs., 10 tabs.

  10. Free convective heat loss from cavity-type solar furnace; Solar receiver kara no shizen tairyu ni yoru netsusonshitsu

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Fujii, I.; Ito, N. [Meiji University, Tokyo (Japan)

    1996-10-27

    Free convective heat loss from solar heat receivers was studied, using three laboratory model receivers (different in depth L and aperture diameter d) heated by electric heaters. Most of the heat produced by heaters was transmitted to the air inside. The cylindrical vessel walls were fully insulated against heat. Heat loss being supposed to result mainly from transfer by free convection, the experiment results were edited by use of Nusselt number Nu and Rayley number Ra. Relations between Nu(D/d){sup m1} and Ra(L/D){sup m2} were plotted in a chart. Here, D is the receiver inner diameter, and m1 and m2 are constants that can be determined by computation. Tests points were provided approximately lineally, irrespective of D, L, or receiver inclination. Air currents were found to produce one or more swirls inside, thanks to the current visualization technique, when the receiver inclination was not sharper than 120{degree} (except 0{degree}). The number of swirls increased as the inner wall temperature rose. This kind of behavior of air currents directly affects the degree of heat loss. 9 refs., 4 figs.

  11. Differentially expressed galactinol synthase(s) in chickpea are implicated in seed vigor and longevity by limiting the age induced ROS accumulation.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Salvi, Prafull; Saxena, Saurabh Chandra; Petla, Bhanu Prakash; Kamble, Nitin Uttam; Kaur, Harmeet; Verma, Pooja; Rao, Venkateswara; Ghosh, Shraboni; Majee, Manoj

    2016-10-11

    Galactinol synthase (GolS) catalyzes the first and rate limiting step of Raffinose Family Oligosaccharide (RFO) biosynthetic pathway, which is a highly specialized metabolic event in plants. Increased accumulation of galactinol and RFOs in seeds have been reported in few plant species, however their precise role in seed vigor and longevity remain elusive. In present study, we have shown that galactinol synthase activity as well as galactinol and raffinose content progressively increase as seed development proceeds and become highly abundant in pod and mature dry seeds, which gradually decline as seed germination progresses in chickpea (Cicer arietinum). Furthermore, artificial aging also stimulates galactinol synthase activity and consequent galactinol and raffinose accumulation in seed. Molecular analysis revealed that GolS in chickpea are encoded by two divergent genes (CaGolS1 and CaGolS2) which potentially encode five CaGolS isoforms through alternative splicing. Biochemical analysis showed that only two isoforms (CaGolS1 and CaGolS2) are biochemically active with similar yet distinct biochemical properties. CaGolS1 and CaGolS2 are differentially regulated in different organs, during seed development and germination however exhibit similar subcellular localization. Furthermore, seed-specific overexpression of CaGolS1 and CaGolS2 in Arabidopsis results improved seed vigor and longevity through limiting the age induced excess ROS and consequent lipid peroxidation.

  12. Reference: 114 [Arabidopsis Phenome Database[Archive

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available s (HSPs), which are known to have a protective function that counteracts cytotoxic effe... raffinose, stachyose, and galactinol contents in wild type, HSF3 TPs, and two different GolS1 knockout muta

  13. Effect of Monument on turf weeds control in gol f course%抹绿对高尔夫球场草坪杂草防治效果的研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李佳岭; 谢新春; 张巨明; 刘天增

    2013-01-01

    华南地区高尔夫球场中牛筋草(Eleusine indica)、马唐(Digitaria sanguinalis)、水蜈蚣(Ky-llingabrevifolia)、碎米莎草(Cyperusiria)、日照飘拂草(Fimbristylismiliacea)等恶性杂草危害严重,是该地区高尔夫球场养护管理中最重要的问题之一。在该区高尔夫球场常用的老鹰草(Tifeagle Ber-mudagras)草坪和结缕草(Zoysiajaponica)草坪上分别进行独立试验,通过杂草受害盖度、中毒症状、鲜重防效、草坪景观质量、安全性等几个方面,探究发现药剂抹绿(MONUMENT)对三叶鬼针草(Bi-dens pilosa )、马唐、水蜈蚣、日照飘拂草、夏飘拂草(Fimbristylis aestwalis )、碎米莎草、畦畔莎草(C. haspan)、石胡荽(Centipedaminima)、含羞草(Mimosa pudica)有极佳防效。%Exotic weeds including Eleusine indica,Digitaria sanguinalis,Kyllinga brevifolia,Cyperus iria,Fimbristylis miliacea are seriously damaging the golf course in south China,which is one of significant problems in daily management and maintenance of golf course turf.This study was conducted to test the weed control effect of MONUMENT herbicide on turfgrasses (Cynodon dactylon cv.Tifeagle and Zoysia japonica) in golf course.The weeds coverage,symptoms,control efficiency,turf quality,and safety to turfgrasses were measured after applying the herbicide.The results indicated that MONUMENT have excellent control effect on Bidenspilosa,Digitariasanguinalis,Mimosapudica,Kyllingabrevifolia,Fimbristylismiliacea,Fimbristylis miliacea,Cyperus iria,Centipedaminima.

  14. The acquisition of desiccation tolerance in developing Vicia hirsuta seeds coincides with an increase in galactinol synthase expression and soluble α-D-galactosides accumulation.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gojło, Ewa; Pupel, Piotr; Lahuta, Lesław B; Podliński, Paweł; Kucewicz, Magdalena; Górecki, Ryszard J

    2015-07-20

    Galactinol is the galactosyl donor for the biosynthesis of both the raffinose family oligosaccharides (RFOs) and galactosyl cyclitols (Gal-C). Its synthesis by galactinol synthase (GolS, EC 2.4.1.123) is the first committed step of the soluble α-D-galactosides biosynthetic pathway in orthodox seeds. The deposition of galactosides in seeds is suggested to be associated with desiccation tolerance (DT). In this work, for the first time, we cloned and characterized two Vicia hirsuta (L.) S.F. Gray galactinol synthase genes (VhGolS1, VhGolS2), analyzed galactinol synthase activity and measured the accumulation of galactosides of both sucrose and D-pinitol in relation to the acquisition of DT in developing seeds of this wild species. A developmentally induced increase of VhGolS1 expression preceded the rise of GolS activity in crude protein extract from maturing seeds, while the expression of the VhGolS2 gene remained low. GolS activity peaked just after the beginning of the maturation drying phase. The increase of GolS activity was not followed by galactinol accumulation, instead the high enzyme activity was related to high levels of galactose bound in soluble galactosides of the RFO and galactosyl pinitol series. Acquisition of DT coincided with an increase of VhGolS1 expression, high galactinol synthase activity and the accumulation of oligogalactosides in seeds. DT was positively correlated with the high content of soluble α-D-galactosides of both the RFO and galactosyl pinitol series as well as with the amount of galactose bound in these galactosides.

  15. Robust stabilization of linear descriptor systems. Quadratic stabilization approach of equivalent systems; Descriptor system no robust anteika. Toka system ni taisuru 2 ji anteika kara no approach

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Uezato, E. [Ryukyu Univ., Nishihara, Okinawa (Japan)] Ikeda, M. [Osaka Univ., Suita (Japan)] Toyama, R. [Kobe Univ. (Japan)

    1998-11-30

    This paper presents two sufficient conditions as linear and bilinear matrix conditions for a system with polytopic uncertainties to be robustly stabilizable by an approach of quadratic stabilization of equivalent systems as regards closed system and robust stabilization. For the purpose, two systems are assumed which are equivalent concerning closed loop system and robust stabilization and contains no uncertainty in the coefficient matrix of the differential of descriptor variables. The robust stability conditions for the original system are obtained by deriving quadratic stabilization conditions of the equivalent systems because the original closed system is robustly stable if those equivalent systems are quadratically stable. Robust stabilizability conditions for a system with polytopic uncertainties in the coefficient matrix are given in terms of linear and bilinear matrix inequalities. In addition, an algorithm based on the idea of the homotopy method is proposed to solve the bilinear matrix inequality. 13 refs., 1 fig.

  16. Oceanographic profile temperature, salinity, oxygen and other measurement collected using bottle in the Barents, Kara, Laptev, White, Norwegian Seas from 1900 - 1940 (NODC Accession 0002118)

    Data.gov (United States)

    National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, Department of Commerce — Temperature profile and other measurements were collected using bottle casts from the SOTRA in the Barents Sea and other locations from 16 May 1900 to 20 October...

  17. Production of biodegradable plastics from volatile fatty acids using activated sludge; Kassei odei wo mochiiru kihatsuei teikyu shibosan kara no seibunkaisei plastic no seisan to hyoka

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Saito, Y.; Soejima, T.; Tomozawa, T. [Taisei Corp., Tokyo (Japan); Doi, Y. [Institute of Physical and Chemical Research, Tokyo (Japan); Kiya, F. [Tokyo Institute of Technology, Tokyo (Japan)

    1995-08-21

    The production of biodegradable plastics, polyhydroxyalkanoates (PHA) from volatile fatty acids (VFA) by aerobic or anaerobic/aerobic activated sludge was investigated. The anaerobic/aerobic activated sludge produced co-polyesters composed of 2-4 monomer units from VFA(C 2-C 5), and that the contents in dried sludge were as high as 7.8. -18.2wt%. The anaerobic/aerobic activated sludge produced co-polyester composed of [R]-hydroxybuyrate (3HB), [R]-3-hydroxyvalerate (3HV), [R]-3-hydroxynonanoate(3HN), and [R]-3-hydroxydecanoate (3HD) with high yield of 40 wt% from acetic acid as the sole carbon source in nitrogen-free wastewater for 6-12 h. It was suggested that PHA production from wastewater treatment was possible by using the anaerobic/aerobic activated sludge. 9 refs., 9 figs., 8 tabs.

  18. Mental care and virtual reality technology. Toward a tender children`s hospital; Mental care to VR. Yasashii shoni iryo wo motomete kara

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Hirose, M. [Tokyo Univ. (Japan)

    1997-07-05

    A virtual reality (VR) technique concerning mental aspects of medical services, origin of the project in the title initiated by Ministry of International Trade and Industry, is reported. Upon self-examination on the way of life in hospitals isolated from outer society, the usefulness of a virtual experience of hospitalized children given through the VR stimulation of information as a means of improving their quality of life, in particular, by dissolving isolation from information is described. Video-interactive versions of `Let`s go to zoo` and `recreation ground` systems are introduced together with descriptions on examples of `television of dream` and `television in which you can intrude`, materialized lest the children loose their interest, by connecting 2 locations far apart as if they were actually presented there including their reactions. And the fact that a high popularity is gained by children with fatal diseases in camp for a virtual soccer linked with a real soccer play field by high-vision circuits is introduced and a new way to be opened for emotional transmission in the use of computer is indicated with a mention on the relationship between body and soul. In the last, it is suggested that a steady continuous research and development as well as a radical change of technology system are indispensable to improve this kind matters. 4 refs., 4 figs.

  19. Sources and sinks of branched tetraether lipids and bacteriohopanepolyols in a major river system (Yenisei River – Kara Sea: Implications for their application as geochemical tracers

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    de Jonge, C.

    2015-01-01

    Understanding and predicting climate variability is a major scientific challenge, especiallyas climate-induced environmental change will impact on human society. In order to constrainthe magnitude of this impact, models to predict future climates are increasingly complex, andpartly based on what is

  20. Välisriigi kohtulahendite tunnustamine ja täitmine Poolas / Jacek Gołaczyński, Grzegorz Karaś

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Gołaczyński, Jacek

    2010-01-01

    Euroopa Liidu Nõukogu (EÜ) määrusest nr. 44/2001 (22. detsember 2000, kohtualluvuse ja kohtuotsuste täitmise kohta tsiviil- ja kaubandusasjades) ja selle täitmisest Poolas, keeldumise õiguslikest alustest

  1. Hydrogenation of carbon monoxide over mixed catalysts. Co-Ni/MnO-ZrO sub 2 to zeolite kara naru kongo shokubai wo mochiita issankatanso no suisoka

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Ishihara, T.; Iwakuni, H.; Eguchi, K.; Arai, H. (Graduate School of Engineering Sciences, Kyushu Univ., Fukuoka (Japan). Department of Materials Science and Technology)

    1990-07-10

    The mechanical mixtures of Co-Ni/MnO-ZrO {sub 2} and zeolite were used as catalysts for the selective synthesis of gasoline by CO hydrogenation. Formation of branched-paraffins was promoted but that of higher hydrocarbons than carbon number of 10 was suppressed by combination with zeolite. The product distribution strongly depended on the type of zeolite catalyst. Pentasil zeolite was active for the formation of branched-paraffins, probably because of the cracking reaction occurring on the strong acid sites. The formation of branched paraffin was further promoted by ion-exchange with Pt. The mixture of Co-Ni/MnO-ZrO {sub 2} and PtH-pentasil zeolite was very active for the formation of gasoline with high octane number. 34 refs., 10 figs., 2 tabs.

  2. Survey on forest from the viewpoint of global environment. Part 2. Case study on afforestation; Shinrin no chikyu kankyoteki shiten kara no chosa. 2. Shokurin case study

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1997-03-01

    In order to study the meaning and possibility of biomass energy, the imaginary cycle was proposed which is composed of fuel production through afforestation and energy conversion by power plant. Industrial afforestation was introduced into Southeast Indonesia where late recovery from forest loss by slash-and-burn method and deforestation is pointed out. Acacia Mangium was selected as a rapid growth tree. For operation of a 10MW class direct combustion thermal power plant of 21% in efficiency, biomass plantation of 9000ha and workers of 650 were necessary. The generated energy/input energy ratio of 3.71 showed a well energy balance. If this cycle is substituted for existing thermal power plants using fossil fuel, reduction of CO2 emission to 1/7-1/16 is possible. The power cost including no construction cost is estimated to be $0.0319/kWh. This cycle is thus promising as business because of the current power rate of $0.066/kWh in Indonesia. Although the profitability of this cycle is inferior to power generation using fossil fuel, this cycle will be valuable enough from a political standpoint in consideration of recovery and treatment of CO2. 31 refs., 26 figs., 47 tabs.

  3. Viscoelasticity of various gel films prepared from solvent-soluble constituents in coal; Sekitanchu no yobai kayoseibun kara sakuseishita shushu no gel maku no nendansei

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Takanohashi, T.; Isoda, S.; Doi, S.; Iino, M. [Tohoku University, Sendai (Japan). Institute for Chemical Reaction Science

    1996-10-28

    Viscoelasticity of gel films prepared from solvent-soluble constituents without ash of coal using the mixed solvent of carbon disulfide and N-methyl-2-pyrrolidinone (CS2-NMP) was measured to study the network structure of the constituents. In experiment, Upper Freeport coal and Zao Zhuang coal were used as specimens. Viscoelasticity of various gels with different weight fractions of solvent was measured by creep measurement under a fixed load and stress-strain analysis under variable loads. In the 2nd and 3rd creep measurements, although no large changes in elastic strain and viscoelastic strain were found, viscous strain gradually decreased with an increase in viscosity. In the case of small weight fraction of solvent, small viscous strain and viscoelastic strain were found, while slightly large elastic strain was found. It was thus suggested that this elastic strain is derived from not only physical cross-linked networks by coal-solvent interaction but also those by coal-coal interaction in polymer chains of coal itself. 9 refs., 4 figs., 1 tab.

  4. Formation of N2 in the fixed-bed pyrolysis of low rank coals and the mechanisms; Koteisho netsubunkai ni okeru teitankatan kara no N2 no sisei

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Wu, Z.; Otsuka, Y. [Tohoku University, Sendai (Japan). Institute for Chemical Reaction Science

    1996-10-28

    In order to establish coal NOx preventive measures, discussions were given on formation of N2 in the fixed-bed pyrolysis of low rank coals and the mechanisms thereof. Chinese ZN coal and German RB coal were used for the discussions. Both coals do not produce N2 at 600{degree}C, and the main product is volatile nitrogen. Conversion into N2 does not depend on heating rates, but increases linearly with increasing temperature, and reaches 65% to 70% at 1200{degree}C. In contrast, char nitrogen decreases linearly with the temperature. More specifically, these phenomena suggest that the char nitrogen or its precursor is the major supply source of N2. When mineral substances are removed by using hydrochloric acid, their catalytic action is lost, and conversion into N2 decreases remarkably. Iron existing in ion-exchanged condition in low-rank coal is reduced and finely diffused into metallic iron particles. The particles react with heterocyclic nitrogen compounds and turn into iron nitride. A solid phase reaction mechanism may be conceived, in which N2 is produced due to decomposition of the iron nitride. 5 refs., 4 figs., 1 tab.

  5. Mediterranean region`s LNG industry. Algeria and Libya to Spain, France, Italy and Turkey; Chichukai chiiki no LNG sangyo. Arujeria, Ribia kara Supein, Furansu, Itaria, Toruko e

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1996-08-10

    Since LNG is used along with gas supply in mediterranean region, the amount of LNG use in that region is very small in comparison with total demand. However imported LNG for peak use during winter and use as industrial raw materials occupies very important part in Spain, France etc., and other importing countries. From this, further increase of LNG trade is expected. Information regarding operating conditions of plants and liquefaction ability, present conditions of base plant construction and its special features, history of oil/gas fields and LNG supply contracts with importing countries is provided for LNG exporting countries like Libya and Algeria in mediterranean region. Storage base`s scale (site area, tank capacity and ship logging`s load capacity) and period until operation starts are reported along with information before import for importing countries like Spain, France, Italy and Turkey. Further trend of base storage for Greece and Turkey will be surveyed here after.

  6. COĞRAFİ BİLGİ SİSTEMLERİ İLE ISPARTA-ANTALYABURDUR KARAYOLUNUN KARA NOKTA ANALİZİ

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mustafa KARAŞAHİN

    2003-03-01

    Full Text Available Çalışmada, Isparta-Antalya karayolu üzerinde 1996-1999 yılları arasında meydana gelen trafik kaza raporlarıteker teker incelenerek MS Excel programında veri tabanı oluşturulmuştur. Coğrafi Bilgi Sistemleri (CBS, coğrafi koordinatlara gereksinim duyduğundan, her kaza noktasında GPS ölçümleri gerçekleştirilmiştir. ArcView programı kullanılarak, coğrafi koordinatlar ile veri tabanı birbiri ile ilişkilendirilmiştir. Yapılan sorgulama sonunda trafik kazalarının büyük çoğunluğunun yolun alinyiman kesimlerinde meydana geldiği, gündüz ve açık havalarda trafik kazalarının daha sık meydana geldiği görülmüştür. Ayrıca, özellikle ölümlü kazaların Antalya sınırında yoğunlaştığı görülmüştür.

  7. Geodynamics of the Barents-Kara margin in the Mesozoic inferred from paleomagnetic data on rocks from the Franz Josef Land Archipelago

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mikhaltsov, N. E.; Karyakin, Yu. V.; Abashev, V. V.; Bragin, V. Yu.; Vernikovsky, V. A.; Travin, A. V.

    2016-12-01

    New data on paleomagnetism and isotope geochronology of Jurassic and Early Cretaceous basic igneous rocks on Franz Josef Land Archipelago (FJL) represented by flows and dikes are discussed. The first paleomagnetic data obtained for these rocks offer the opportunity to suggest a model of spatial changes in the FJL block position during the Jurassic‒Cretaceous. In the Early Jurassic, the block occupied a different position relative to Europe from the modern one. It was displaced in the northeasterly direction by a distance of approximately 500 km and rotated clockwise by about 40° relative to its modern position. By the Early Cretaceous, the FJL block occupied a position close to the present-day one avoiding subsequent substantial relative displacements. The data obtained are of principal significance for reconstructing the geodynamic evolution of Arctic structures in the Mesozoic and contribute greatly to the base of paleomagnetic data for the Arctic region, development of which is now in progress.

  8. Apostrophe, witnessing and its essentially theatrical modes of address: Maria Dermôut on Pattimura and Kara Walker on the New Orleans flooding

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    F.W.A. Korsten (Frans-Willem)

    2011-01-01

    textabstractApostrophe is best known as a punctuation mark (') or as a key poetic figure (with a speaker addressing an imaginary or absent person or entity). In origin, however, it is a pivotal rhetorical figure that indicates a 'breaking away' or turning away of the speaker from one addressee to an

  9. Interactive steering of supercomputing simulation for aerodynamic noise radiated from square cylinder; Supercomputer wo mochiita steering system ni yoru kakuchu kara hoshasareru kurikion no suchi kaiseki

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Yokono, Y. [Toshiba Corp., Tokyo (Japan); Fujita, H. [Tokyo Inst. of Technology, Tokyo (Japan). Precision Engineering Lab.

    1995-03-25

    This paper describes extensive computer simulation for aerodynamic noise radiated from a square cylinder using an interactive steering supercomputing simulation system. The unsteady incompressible three-dimensional Navier-Stokes equations are solved by the finite volume method using a steering system which can visualize the numerical process during calculation and alter the numerical parameter. Using the fluctuating surface pressure of the square cylinder, the farfield sound pressure is calculated based on Lighthill-Curle`s equation. The results are compared with those of low noise wind tunnel experiments, and good agreement is observed for the peak spectrum frequency of the sound pressure level. 14 refs., 10 figs.

  10. Discrete tone noise on two-dimensional wing. Active control for discrete tone; Nijigen seishiyoku kara hasseisuru risan shuhasu soon no kenkyu. Risan shuhasu soon no nodo seigyo

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Nakashima, S. [Mitsubishi Electric Corp., Tokyo (Japan); Akishita, S. [Ritsumeikan University, Kyoto (Japan). Faculty of Science and Engineering

    1996-01-25

    The active noise control of discrete tones generated in a uniform jet flow on a two-dimensional wing was investigated. Discrete tone noise is generated by a self-excited feedback loop formed by the acoustic field and the unstable boundary layer. In this work, we conducted an active control experiment using a flap driven by piezoceramic levers, which can vibrate with a phase delayed from the velocity fluctuation signal on the suction side. When the flap motion lags the pressure fluctuation at the trailing edge with a phase angle of 180 degrees, it was found that the discrete tone noise was reduced by a maximum of about 7 dB, the flow fluctuation intensities in the boundary layer on the suction side were reduced by about half, and the correlation area of the flow fluctuation at the trailing edge decreased. This confirms that discrete tone generation is caused by the feedback loop and that the discrete tone generation is actively reduced by trailing edge control. 10 refs., 14 figs.

  11. Fatigue crack propagation characteristics of ductile cast iron austempered from (. alpha. +. gamma. ) phase region. (. alpha. +. gamma. ) iki kara austemper shorishita kyujo kokuen chutetsu no hiro kiretsu shinten tokusei

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Sugiyama, Y.; Asami, K.; Kuroiwa, H. (Musashi Institute of Technoloyg, Tokyo (Japan))

    1991-01-15

    In order to enhance the fatigue crack propagation resistance of ductile cast iron, the effect of austempering from a ({alpha} + {gamma}) phase region was studied. As the dual phase matrix microstructure of ferrite and pearlite in as-casted iron was changed into the dual phase one of ferrite and bainite by partial austempering from 800 {degree} C, the fatigue crack propagation resistance was enhanced over the whole range of a {Delta} K region. The enhancement of the fatigue crack propagation resistance was caused by remarkable development of crack closures from higher {Delta} K regions which was induced by fracture contact and fretting because of an increase in fracture roughness and easy formation of oxide deposits. In addition, the static tensile and ductility of ductile cast iron were possibly enhanced simultaneously by partial austempering for changing pearlite into bainite superior in both tensile and ductility. 9 refs., 13 figs., 3 tabs.

  12. Questionnaire investigation for the earthquake in Honjo city and Yazawa city, Akita Prefecture; Jishin ni kansuru ishiki chosa (Akitaken Honjoshi oyobi Yuzawashi ni okeru anketo kara)

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Nogoshi, M. [Akita University, Akita (Japan). College of Education; Kabutoya, S.

    1996-05-01

    Consciousness for the earthquake was investigated by questionnaire surveys made in Honjo City and Yuzawa City, Akita Pref. in October 1995 twelve years after the Nihonkai Chubu Earthquake (M=7.7) in May 1983. The survey was conducted in terms of 27 items including personality, memory, knowledge/interest, psychology/action, mental attitude/preparations, wishes for researchers and administration, etc. Also included were the items on the Great Hanshin-Awaji Earthquake and the earthquake blank areas. The number of distributed questionnaires and the recovery rate of them are 1500 and 79.2% in Honjo City, and 1700 and 84.7% in Yuzawa City. From the survey, it was found that people have a lot of knowledge of and high interest in the earthquake and well remember it, and a lot of people know of tsunami, liquefaction phenomena, and the earthquake blank area. Further, they are afraid of earthquakes and think of their actions to be taken in case of earthquake. However, most people are little prepared for earthquakes. Important future subjects were suggested for the study of disaster prevention measures. 13 figs.

  13. Study on search for antioxidant peptides in unused protein resources and their production; Miriyo tanpaku shigen kara no kosanka pepuchido no tansaku to seisan ni kansuru kenkyu

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1998-03-01

    For the development of antioxidants that are high in use value, peptides are produced in a bioreactor from so-far-unused or little-used protein resources originating in marine organisms collected along the Sanriku coast, and antioxidants that they may contain are searched for. Three kinds of red alga, eight kinds of brown alga, and internal organs of processed fish are treated in the bioreactor. The bioreactor is a rotary membrane type especially built for the effective decomposition of proteins in this study. Reaction solutions containing proteins and enzymes are let through an ultrafiltration membrane module in rotation at a high speed, and the products with their molecules reduced in weight are effectively taken out of the system (free of clogging). The specimens checked for antioxidant features are all found to be positive when subjected to the iron rhodanide method or carotene method, the two methods determining the change in the amount of oxygen in hydroperoxide and {beta}-carotene that are produced when the linolic acid is oxidized. Every one of the specimens prepared for this study exhibits antioxidant features in plural, different mechanisms. It is necessary to collect further basic findings about oxidation inhibiting mechanisms for the development of more active antioxidant peptides. 39 refs., 46 figs., 8 tabs.

  14. Välisriigi kohtulahendite tunnustamine ja täitmine Poolas / Jacek Gołaczyński, Grzegorz Karaś

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Gołaczyński, Jacek

    2010-01-01

    Euroopa Liidu Nõukogu (EÜ) määrusest nr. 44/2001 (22. detsember 2000, kohtualluvuse ja kohtuotsuste täitmise kohta tsiviil- ja kaubandusasjades) ja selle täitmisest Poolas, keeldumise õiguslikest alustest

  15. Synthesis of silicon carbide from cokes rice hulls and coked bamboos; Shirasu to momigaratan chikutan kara SiC no gosei

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Tateyama, H.; Kimura, K.; Jinnai, K. [Kyushu National Industrial Research Institute, Sagas (Japan); Hamasaki, H.

    1995-07-25

    Silicon carbide is an important industrial material as used for high-temperature ceramics. In the pre-sent study silicon carbide powders were synthesized at different temperature (1,250-1,400{degree}C) by reaction of a mixed power of shirasu and caked rice hulls or caked bamboos. The results are summarized as follows; (1) Two kinds of shirasu are used as the source of SiO2, one mainly consists of volcanic glass and the other includes volcanic glass and crystalline materials, such as feldspar and quartz. Coked rice hulls contain large amounts of unburnt component, but caked bamboos include a very small amount of one. (2) Pure powders of silicon carbide are synthesized from shirasu and caked bamboos under relatively low temperature as compared with synthetic conditions of {beta}-silicon carbide on the market. (3) The structural and quantitative analyses of the synthesized silicon carbide were carried out using the X-ray powder diffraction refinement method on the basis of the cubic and hexagonal close packed models. The profile calculated on the basis of Paterson model shows that the peak of (102) reflection moves toward the lower angle with increasing the amount of stacking faults, however, in the case of t Wilson model the peak position of (102) reflection does not move any more with increasing the stacking faults. The content of the stacking faults in the present synthesized silicon carbide is very small as compared with that of silicon carbide on the sail. 5 refs., 10 figs.

  16. Crustal temperature structure derived from a ground temperature gradient chart of Hokkaido; Hokkaido no chion kobaizu kara motometa chikakunai ondo kozo

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Okubo, Y. [Geological Survey of Japan, Tsukuba (Japan); Akita, F. [Hokkaido Geological Survey, Sapporo (Japan); Nagumo, S. [Oyo Corp., Tokyo (Japan)

    1997-05-27

    The Hokkaido Underground Resources Investigation Institute has prepared in 1995 a detailed temperature gradient chart that shows local anomalies around volcanoes. This paper describes an attempt to derive crustal temperature structure of Hokkaido from the above data. The model was hypothesized as a primary model in which no thermal convection exists. In volcanic and geothermal areas which show a temperature gradient of more than 100 {degree}C km {sup -1}, a solidus temperature is reached at a depth shallower than 10 km. Below the volcanic chain forming the Chishima arc, a partially melted region exists in a width of about 100 km. Most of the areas in the southern Hokkaido have the temperature reached the solidus temperature in the crust. On the other hand, in most of the areas of the forefront side, no solidus temperature is reached in the crust. In the temperature structure of a cross section crossing almost orthogonally with the volcanic front passing through Mt. Daisetsu, a high temperature area reaches to a shallow portion beneath Mt. Daisetsu, where the depth at which the solidus temperature is reached is 10 km or shallower. The range of area where the solidus depth is shallower than 10 km has a south-west width of about 40 km. This means that a partially melted area with a size of 40 km in the horizontal direction exists at a depth of several kilometers. 20 refs., 3 figs.

  17. Sources and sinks of branched tetraether lipids and bacteriohopanepolyols in a major river system (Yenisei River – Kara Sea: Implications for their application as geochemical tracers

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    de Jonge, C.

    2015-01-01

    Understanding and predicting climate variability is a major scientific challenge, especiallyas climate-induced environmental change will impact on human society. In order to constrainthe magnitude of this impact, models to predict future climates are increasingly complex, andpartly based on what is

  18. Application of two-barrier model of radioactive agent transport in sea water for analyzing artificial radionuclide release from containers with radioactive waste dumped in Kara Sea

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Grishin, Denis S.; Laykin, Andrey I.; Kuchin, Nickolay L.; Platovskikh, Yuri A. [Krylov State Research Center, Saint Petersburg, 44 Moskovskoe shosse, 196158 (Russian Federation)

    2014-07-01

    Modeling of artificial radionuclide transport in sea water is crucial for prognosis of radioecological situation in regions where dumping of radioactive waste had been made and/or accidents with nuclear submarines had taken place. Distribution of artificial radionuclides in bottom sediments can be a detector of radionuclide release from dumped or sunk objects to marine environment. Proper model can determine the dependence between radionuclide distribution in sediments and radionuclide release. Following report describes two-barrier model of radioactive agent transport in sea water. It was tested on data from 1994 - 2013 expeditions to Novaya Zemlya bays, where regular dumping of solid radioactive waste was practiced by the former USSR from the early 1960's until 1990. Two-barrier model agrees with experimental data and allows more accurate determination of time and intensity of artificial radionuclide release from dumped containers. (authors)

  19. Utilization of coal ash from fluidized-bed combustion boilers as road base material; Sekitandaki ryudoso boiler kara no sekitanbai no robanzai to shite no riyo

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Shibata, Y. [Kawasaki Heavy Industries, Ltd., Kobe (Japan); Kozasa, K. [Center for Coal Utilization, Japan, Tokyo (Japan); Tsuzura, K. [Naruto Salt Mfg. Co. Ltd., Tokushima (Japan); Izumi, H. [Nippon Hodo Co. Ltd., Tokyo (Japan)

    1998-03-01

    Coal ash from the fluidized bed boiler is evaluated for its properties as is, as solidified or granulated, and as the roadbed material. The coal ash tested in the experiment is a mixture of ash from the fluidized bed boiler bottom, ash from the cyclone separator, and ash from the bag filter. In the manufacture of solid or granulated bodies, coal ashes are kneaded in water whose amount puts the mixture near the plasticization limit, are pressed in a low-pressure press and made into solid bodies by a 15-hour curing in 60degC saturated steam, and the solid bodies are crushed into solid granules. A content release test is conducted about the release of dangerous substances, and road paving experiments are conducted to learn the workability and serviceability of the granulated material as a road paving material. A study of the experimental results discloses what is mentioned below. Coal ash containing 10-20vol% of CaO and 15vol% or less of unburnt carbon turns into a high-strength solid after curing in saturated steam whose temperature is not higher than 60degC. The granulated solid satisfies the standards that an upper subbase material is expected to satisfy. It also meets the environmental standards in a release content test for soil set forth by Environment Agency notification No.46. 8 refs., 8 figs., 4 tabs.

  20. Shunt and series resistance of photovoltaic module evaluated from the I-V curve; I-V tokusei kara hyokashita taiyo denchi no shunt teiko to chokuretsu teiko

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Asano, K.; Kawamura, H.; Yamanaka, S.; Kawamura, H.; Ono, H. [Meijo University, Nagoya (Japan)

    1997-11-25

    With an objective of discussing I-V characteristics when a shadow has appeared on part of a photovoltaic module, evaluations were given as a first stage of the study on saturation current, shunt resistance and series resistance for the solar cell module. As a result of measuring change in amount of power generated in a sunny day with a shadow appearing over the solar cell module, reduction in power generation capability of about 23% was verified. In other words, the I-V characteristics of the solar cell module change largely because of existence of the shadow caused on the module. The I-V characteristics curve may be expressed and calculated as a function of the shunt resistance and series resistance. By curve-fitting measurement data for a case of changing insolation without existence of partial shadow, values of the shunt resistance and series resistance were derived. As a result, it was found that the calculations agree well with measurements. It was made also clear that each parameter shows temperature dependence. 6 refs., 10 figs., 1 tab.

  1. "Multicultural teaching in the early childhood classroom: approaches, strategies, and tools, pre-school to 2nd grade" / Kara D. Brown

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Brown, Kara D.

    2014-01-01

    Ameerika autori Mariana Souto-Manningu raamatu tutvustus. Teoses käsitletakse õpetamist USA mitmekultuurilises keskkonnas ning strateegiaid, mis aitavad õppetöös kaasa võrdsusele ja ühiskonnamuutustele

  2. Evaluation report on the development of polymeric material from renewable resource using biocatalyst; Seitai shokubai wo riyoshita saisei kano shigen kara no kobunshi sozai no kaihatsu hyoka hokokusho

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2001-03-01

    The project aims to develop a biocatalyst-assisted synthesizing method for efficiently manufacturing sugar containing polymers and polylactic acids which generate less environmental impact. Methods were developed using the ALP-901 originating in actinomycetes for changing esterification-shy isopropylidene glucose into vinyladipic ester and for esterifying arbutin. A study was made of the polymerization of sugar ester monomers, and a polymer with a molecular weight of scores of thousands was obtained. The biodegradability of sugar containing polymers was confirmed. Using an enzyme, a polymer with a molecular weight of 1200 was obtained. Using a lipase derived from psudomonas cepacia, a polylactic acid was obtained from lactide. A high-function polylactic acid was obtained in a reaction between methyl lactate and divinyladipate. In a reaction between butanediol and lactide, several lactic oligomers different in molecular weight were synthesized, which were then brought into reaction with divinylcarboxylic acid in the presence of an enzyme for the production of polymerizable lactic oligomers. Similarly, polymerizable lactic oligomer derivatives were obtained from glucose and lactide. The oligomers and derivatives were brought into polymerization in the presence of a radical polymerization initiator for the production of polymeric gels, respectively. (NEDO)

  3. "Multicultural teaching in the early childhood classroom: approaches, strategies, and tools, pre-school to 2nd grade" / Kara D. Brown

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Brown, Kara D.

    2014-01-01

    Ameerika autori Mariana Souto-Manningu raamatu tutvustus. Teoses käsitletakse õpetamist USA mitmekultuurilises keskkonnas ning strateegiaid, mis aitavad õppetöös kaasa võrdsusele ja ühiskonnamuutustele

  4. Measurement of a jet issuing from a circular pipe with a laser doppler velocimeter. Laser ryusokukei ni yoru enkan kara no funryu no keisoku

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Kita, Y.; Kitamura, Y.; Yamamoto, K. (Okayama Univ., Okayama (Japan). Faculty of Engineering); Yoshinaga, K. (Daikin Industries, Ltd., Osaka (Japan)); Hirose, K. (Okayama University of Science, Okayama (Japan))

    1991-11-25

    In case that the liquid jet issues under gravity from a vertical circular pipe into the atmosphere, the present research investigated the aspect of jet prior to forming the flapping free surface with droplets and then, measured the flow rate, by a laser Doppler velocimeter, in the jet immediately before and after its issuing. Thus, the jet surface profile and change in flowing condition were demonstrated to be relatively expressible by the three dimensionless numbers, i.e., Reynolds, Froude and Weber numbers. The experimental unit forms a circulating loop of lower water tank to pump to main water tank to valve to sub water tank (fitted with an air valve) to acrylic pipe (1m in length, and 8, 12 and 16mm in diameter) to laser probe to lower water tank. The outlet of acrylic pipe is contracted to 30{degree} and opened in the lower water tank. As liquid, used were water, aqueous solution of glyceline and kerosene. As an experimental result, the in-pipe flow also properly maintain its characteristics for the Poiseuille velocity distribution in the flowing region from approximately 12mm in diameter to the issuing extremity in the vicinity of outlet. The other different particulars are also expressible by the above three dimensionless numbers. 4 refs., 13 figs.

  5. Wind energy technology : from the past to the future; 20 seiki ni okeru furyoku riyo gijutsu no henkan. Furyoku hatsuden : kako kara mirai e

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Ushiyama, I. [Ashikaga Institute of Technology, Tochigi (Japan)

    2000-01-20

    Windmills are one of the oldest prime movers and have been used for more than 700 years in Europe. The transition from low speed windmills for grain grinding and water pumping to high speed wind turbines for electric power generation had occurred at first, reviews the windmill technologies and the researchers before 20{sup th} century. Then describes the back ground of how the wind power generator has existed and how the four pioneers developed their wind power generator. The historical developments of windmills to wind turbines in this century are studied focusing mainly on Danish activities. Then, the effort of the development of large wind turbine such as Smith-Putnum's first MW machine in U.S.A. and other mammoth machine concept are introduced. The new concept machines such as Savonius and Darrieus wind turbines in 1920s to 1930s are also explained. Finally, the novel technologies of wind turbine covering larger machines, variable speed generators, special wing sections for wind turbines, theoretical analysis method of wind turbine performance, offshore wind turbines, and wind turbine control technologies are stated. (author)

  6. 77 FR 32128 - Cancellation of Bond Subject to Enhanced Bonding Requirements Upon CBP's Acceptance of Qualified...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-05-31

    ... INFORMATION CONTACT: Kara Welty, Revenue Division, Office of Administration, Customs and Border Protection, kara.welty@dhs.gov , Tel. (317) 614-4614. SUPPLEMENTARY INFORMATION: Background I. Enhanced Bonding...

  7. Comments on "structural-tectonic controls and geomorphology of the karst corridors in alpine limestone ridges: Southern Carpathians, Romania" by L. Tîrlă and I. Vijulie, Geomorphology 197 (2013), 123-136

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lenart, Jan; Pánek, Tomáš

    2014-10-01

    In the recently published paper by Tîrlă and Vijulie (2013), the authors interpret the abundant trenches affecting the limestone ridge of the Vânturariţa-Buila Massif (Southern Carpathians, Romania) as bogaz-like landforms (syn. kluftkarren, karst corridors, karst streets, zanjones etc.). These karst features originated, according to the authors, through the corrosion of structurally anisotropic limestone bedrock. This proposed origin is supported by a comparison of the rose diagrams of the directions of both bogaz and tectonic discontinuities, by a morphometric analysis and by observations of the speleothem remnants covering the exposed fault surfaces. Furthermore, the authors described the typically karstic settings of the area, such as extremely poor surface drainage, subterranean connections between the karst corridors and karst springs in pocket valleys. We disagree with their main interpretations and argue that the presumed bogaz are gravitationally-induced grabens and trenches created by mass movement activity, namely by deep-seated slope failures. The speleothem remnants are interpreted as flowstones deposited during the subsurface widening of the joints by gravitational activity. These speleothem remnants became fossil (and even rotated from the original position) after sufficient widening of the joints and subsequent exposure of the crevices to the surface due to slope failure progression. The morphology of the slope failure along the Vânturariţa-Buila Massif is similar to numerous other elevated ridges within the Carpathian Mountains.

  8. Study on the change of aspect ratios of small surface cracks emanated from a toe of corner boxing; Mawashi yosetsudome tanbu kara hassei denpasuru bishi bisho hyomen kiretsu no aspect hi henka ni kansuru kenkyu

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Toyosada, M.; Yamaguchi, K.; Takeda, K.; Watanabe, Y. [Kyushu University, Fukuoka (Japan). Faculty of Engineering

    1997-10-01

    The fatigue test of specimens with a stiffener was carried out to examine the change in aspect ratio (crack depth/length) of fatigue cracks in a stress concentration field and residual stress field. The aspect ratio of surface cracks just after generation can be represented with the single virtual surface crack with the same value as K value at the deepest point considering an interference effect from near cracks. No discontinuous change in K value is found at the deepest point even during growth and combination of cracks on a surface. The change in K value at the deepest point is thus the criterion to represent growth and combination of surface cracks considering the interference effect. The change in aspect ratio of the typical single virtual surface crack linearly decreases with an increase in crack depth. The shape of surface cracks generating and growing in a residual stress field is more flat than that in no residual stress field. In addition, in a residual stress field, surface cracks are longer at the same crack depth, and fatigue lives are shorter. 7 refs., 12 figs.

  9. Trend of recent motor sports related technology. From engine point of view; Saikin no motor sports ni okeru saishin gijutsu no doko. Engine no shiten kara mita gijutsu doko

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Okamoto, T. [Toyota Motor Corp., Aichi (Japan)

    2000-02-01

    This paper presents the trend of the motorsports related technology focusing on F1, Champ Car and Le Man using high technology and high fundamental technology. Indeed each category of these three has its own regulation. Therefore the difference in the regulations which depends on the restriction level for usable technology requires different technological development. One is using real high technology while another is using high fundamental technology. Taking these affairs into account, characteristic of the each technology for each motor sports category is described from engine point of view. (author)

  10. Characteristics of K2TiCl6 synthesis from KCl and TiCl4; KCl to TiCl4 kara no K2TiCl6 no gosei hanno tokusei

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Kumagai, T.; Konda, S.; Sasaki, T.; Ishikawa, T. [Hokkaido University, Sapporo (Japan); Chiba, T. [Hokkaido University, Sapporo (Japan). Center for Advanced Research of Energy Technology

    1997-07-10

    Reaction characteristics were examined for synthesis of K2TiCl6 from KCl particles and TiCl4 gas. The reaction experiments were carried out exposing different sizes of KCI particles to a TiCl4 gas stream at 683 K. The mass gain due to formation of K2TiCl6 was measured as a function of time and morphology of the product was observed by SEM and EPMA. The apparent reaction rate decreases rapidly with the progress of the reaction, and the reaction is virtually terminated before its completion EPMA analysis on the particle cross-section reveals that the products are distributed around an unreacted KCl core within the particle, and the termination of the reaction takes place when the thickness of the outer product layer grows up to about 6{mu}m. The reaction kinetics are explained well on the basis of an unreacted-core model which assumes that the rate determining step is the intra-particle TiCl4 gas diffusion. 14 refs., 6 figs., 1 tab.

  11. Countermeasures for exhaust prevention of organic solvents at print shop. 2. Diffusion prevention of organic solvents evaporating from printing process; Insatsu kojo ni okeru yuki yozai haishutsu boshi taisaku. 2. Insatsuki kara hasseisuru yuki yozai no kakusan boshi

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Yano, H.; Suzuki, Y. [Shimizu Corp., Tokyo (Japan); Shoda, M. [Tokyo Institute of Technology, Tokyo (Japan). Research Laboratory of Resources Utilization

    1997-05-10

    With an objective to preserve the environment and reduce load on a deodorizing device, discussions were given on a high-efficiency hood for printing machines in a print shop. Solvents discharged from this factory consist of ethyl acetate, isopropyl alcohol and toluene, whose maximum total permissible concentration is 147 ppm. Two kinds of hoods with different opening areas were fabricated on a trial basis as hoods for monochromic gravure printing machines. Elucidation was made on the relationship of concentrations in a laboratory and ducts with discharged air amount. Collection effect is greater in a hood with higher face air velocity at the opening portion. It was made clear that the minimum air discharge amount that can clear the permissible concentration is 1000 m{sup 3} per hour inclusive of the safety factor. This value is derived under a condition that the secondary drying blower is stopped during printing work and the drying portion is shut off. For the similar purpose a hood for two-color gravure printing machine (with the first and second printing portions provided with hoods and installed with resistance plates to equalize face air velocity between both hoods) was fabricated on a trial basis for discussion. The minimum required air discharge amount was estimated to be 1100 m{sup 3} per hour. Total air discharge amount when all the printing machines are operating would be 10400 m{sup 3} per hour, and the concentration would be 690 ppm. 5 refs., 11 figs., 3 tabs.

  12. Selected wells and test holes used in structure-contour maps of the Inyan Kara Group, Minnekahta Limestone, Minnelusa Formation, Madison Limestone, and Deadwood Formation in the Black Hills Area, South Dakota

    Data.gov (United States)

    U.S. Geological Survey, Department of the Interior — This dataset describes wells and test holes completed in the Madison Limestone that were used to create the structure-contours for the top of the Madison Limestone,...

  13. Selected wells and test holes used in structure-contour maps of the Inyan Kara Group, Minnekahta Limestone, Minnelusa Formation, Madison Limestone, and Deadwood Formation in the Black Hills Area, South Dakota

    Data.gov (United States)

    U.S. Geological Survey, Department of the Interior — This dataset describes wells and test holes completed in the Minnekahta Limestone that were used to create the structure-contours for the top of the Minnekahta...

  14. Selected wells and test holes used in structure-contour maps of the Inyan Kara Group, Minnekahta Limestone, Minnelusa Formation, Madison Limestone, and Deadwood Formation in the Black Hills Area, South Dakota

    Data.gov (United States)

    U.S. Geological Survey, Department of the Interior — This dataset describes wells and test holes completed in the Minnelusa Formation that were used to create the structure-contours for the top of the Minnelusa...

  15. FY 1998 annual report on the exploration and production of functional peptide from unutilized protein resources; 1998 nendo miriyo tanpakushitsugen kara no kinosei pepuchido no tansaku to seisan ni kansuru kenkyu hokokusho

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1999-03-01

    This project is aimed at promotion of effective utilization of unutilized resources by transforming histidine-containing peptide (anserine), enzymatically hydrolyzed muscle protein present in lean salmon swimming off the Sanriku District in the spawning season, into functional peptide. A reactor system, comprising an enzyme-immobilized column and rotary bioreactor, is investigated to efficiently produce peptide by enzymatically hydrolyzing the water-insoluble muscle protein. Anserine is isolated by ethanol extraction, ion-exchanging and partition chromatography. The TPTZ and ABTS methods are developed for speeding up measurement of the antioxidant activity. The salmon muscle protein is hydrolyzed by 3 types of enzymes, to measure the free radical erasing activity by the ABTS method. The enzymatically hydrolyzed protein is fractionated by gel permeation chromatography. The fractions having a molecular weight of 10,000 or less show strong antioxidant activity. The hydrolyzed protein shows improved activity by the iron rhodanide method when it has histidine at the center of tripeptide, and strong radical erasing function when it has thyrosine or tryptophan at the carboxyl terminal. (NEDO)

  16. Influence of using plural household air coolers on the air cooling demand. Actual state survey of air coolers in use. Kateiyo eakon no fukusu hoyuka ga reibo juyo ni oyobosu eikyo. Eakon shiyo jittai chosa kara

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Higashida, R. (The Institute of Energy Economics, Tokyo (Japan))

    1994-07-01

    The present rise in power peak is judged mainly attributable to the increase in household and business use energy demand particularly for air cooling. In the present investigation, the actual state of air coolers domestically used was surveyed in the afternoon (from 1200 to 1600 hours) during the last ten days of August, which survey was followed by a study of relation between the number of air coolers domestically installed and used, and their operational state. Explanation is made of the present status of household air cooling demand, questionnaire survey and sampling, actual state analysis of air coolers in use, and the trend of household air cooling demand. As a result of the survey, about 10% of the homes use simultaneously plural units of air cooler in the afternoon, while about 50% do only one unit. With an increase in number of air coolers installed, their operation rate rises. It is concluded that the room-by-room trend and potentiality of air coolers will depend upon the operation rate of household air coolers. In the long tern outlook, it is indispensable to uninterruptedly watch the future change in power peak due to that in life style such as the family composition and home structure in the society with ages advanced. 18 figs., 9 tabs.

  17. Joint stiffness identification of body structure using neural network. Jointed part composed of 2 beams; Neural network ni yoru shatai kozo no ketsugo gosei dotei. Buzai 2 hon kara naru ketsugobu no baai

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Okabe, A.; Tomioka, N. [Nihon University, Tokyo (Japan)

    1997-10-01

    The method to obtain a joint stiffness value from displacements of jointed part using hierarchical neural networks in case of a jointed part composed of two beams were proposed. First, the sample data of displacements of jointed part vs. joint stiffness are prepared as learned data. Second, the relations between displacements of jointed part and joint stiffness are constructed from these learned data using a hierarchical neural networks. It was found that the value of joint stiffness can be obtained from displacement of jointed part by the trained neural network. 4 refs., 9 figs., 2 tabs.

  18. Orhan Pamuk’un “Kara Kitap” Adlı Romanında Teknik ve Anlatı Özellikleri / The Technical and Narrative Features in the Novel “The Black Book” by Orhan Pamuk

    OpenAIRE

    Şahin Yılmaz, Zennube

    2014-01-01

    We have examined Orhan Pamuk’s novel “The Black Book” technically in the light of the data presented in the novel. This study focuses on the technical examination of the novel due to the heavily built up context. The attitude of Pamuk, in the novel, to the modern expression merged with the traditional understanding of the subject.Historical references, politics, and religion, European impreßion, Istanbul, has taken place in this novel Pamuk’s. Pamuk has added the terms East and West in litera...

  19. Development of fabricating method for optical aspheric surface and fabricating method for high accuracy quadric surface mirror for solar furnace; Kogaku hikyumen no seisakuho no kaihatsu kara taiyoroyo koseido niji kyokumenkyo no sakuseiho made

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Shishido, K. [Tohoku Gakuin Univ., Miyagi (Japan). Faculty of Engineering

    1996-03-29

    45 years have passed since the initiation of study on the fabricating method for optical aspheric surface. As examples of making prototypes for the `cam system,` fabrications of ellipsoidal surface mirror, parabolic mirror, segment type parabolic mirror, and particularly special asymmetric aspheric surface lens are quoted as successful cases. As regards the `link` system, a parabolic surface finishing machine for making matrices for soft formation of parabolic mirror segment glass was made on trial basis. Recently, a prototype of finishing machine for making a quadric surface finishing machine with higher accuracy was produced, which enabled preparation of more accurate matrices than in the past in the field of parabolic surface finishing machine, and actual ellipsoidal surface was machined by an ellipsoidal surface finishing machine. As regards solar furnace, study had been made to develop a method of producing a segment type glass mirror comprising a main mirror and a sub-mirror by a comparatively simple method and at high accuracy, and a promising result was obtained. 35 figs.

  20. Research on the general analytical method of fossil fuel cycle from a viewpoint of the global environment. 3; Chikyu kankyo kara mita sogoteki kaseki nenryo cycle bunseki hyoka shuho no chosa. 3

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1996-03-01

    The general analysis/assessment method of a fossil fuel cycle was studied. Seven kinds of power generation plants such as LNG cycle and coal cycle ones, and four kinds of transport and treatment systems of recovered CO2 such as ocean and underground systems were studied as case studies on life cycle analysis. As data necessary for life cycle analysis, the database was constructed which stores the facilities and operational energy required for a total energy system from mining of fossil fuel to treatment of recovered CO2, and the quantity of environmental waste such as CO2 emission. As a result, the decrease rate of energy balance defined as ratio of input energy to power plant output was estimated to be 14-43% and 20-60% in LNG cycle and coal cycle, respectively. Even if the recovery rate of CO2 in power plants reached 80-90%, reduction of total CO2 emission was limited to only 20-40% because of CO2 emission during mining, liquefaction and transport of fuel. 168 refs., 48 figs., 102 tabs.

  1. Estimation of HCl and magmatic steam fluxes from the fumarole area at Kuju-Ioyama volcano, Central Kyushu, Japan; Kuju Ioyama no funki chiiki kara hoshutsusareru enka suiso magma sei suijokiryo no suitei

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Osawa, S.; Yusa, Y.; Kitaoka, K. [Kyoto University, Kyoto (Japan). Faculty of Science

    1997-04-25

    The amount of HCl emission from fumaroles is measured using acid rain, and the amount of discharged magmatic steam is estimated using the amount of HCl and the chloride ion concentration in the water concentrated from higher-temperature steam. A value is obtained by dividing the total amount of HCl dissolved in the rain by the time of rainfall. The amount of HCl emitted is 3-8.7t/day, which figure falls within the range of 0.8-8.7t/day determined by the HCl/H2O ratio. The total of errors ascribable to each amount observed is {+-}17%. With a simplified rain gage whose rainwater intake is open only when rain is falling, reliability will be enhanced. The amount of magmatic steam discharge is obtained by using as the multiplier the H2O/HCl ratio that is determined from the chloride concentration in the high-temperature steam, and is estimated at 360-1390t/day. The total amount of steam (magmatic steam+steam of meteoric water) is determined by calculation to be 560-2900t/day. The rate of magmatic steam may be determined when the chloride concentration in the water concentrated from the fume is known. 22 refs., 6 figs., 6 tabs.

  2. Proposal from the Japan Society of Engineering Geology in the report meeting on Hyogo-ken Nanbu earthquake; Hyogoken nanbu jishin hokokukai ni okeru Nippon oyo chishitsu gakkai kara no teian

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1996-04-10

    Contribution to disaster protection measures and earthquake resistance technology are important activities except application of geology for Japan Society of Engineering Geology. The society carries out field measurement and analysis, and offers analytical method and inverse analytical method for engineering analyses of data. An analytical method uses physical properties of ground and seismic forces as input data, and verifies the stability and safety of some supposed structures at earthquake. It is important to acquire physical properties of ground enough and to measure accurately information of external forces. An inverse analytical method surveys various phenomena at earthquake, and diagnoses the causes of such phenomena. In this time, the engineering survey, evaluation and analysis of active faults and seismic faults are insufficient. It is also one of the issues that the society couldn`t acquire data systematically from the observation hole of underground water. It is also important to consider the point of contact with the actual world. 2 figs.

  3. Fiscal 1997 survey report on technology to reduce the amount of greenhouse gas emitted from automobiles; 1997 nendo chosa hokokusho (jidosha kara no onshitsu koka gas haishutsuryo teigen gijutsu no chosa). 2

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1998-03-01

    As to intelligent transport systems (ITS), the paper views the outline of the R and D and diffusion in Europe, the U.S. and Japan and trially estimated the effect of reduction in greenhouse gas, and worked out visions/scenario for diffusion of ITS. As developmental fields contributing to reduction in greenhouse gas, the following were taken up: 1) AVCS (advanced vehicle control system), 2) automatic rates receiving system, 3) traffic management, 4) plans of operation management/allocation of commercial cars, 5) modal shift of the material flow, and 6) public traffic in passenger transportation. As effects by developmental field, 1) and 5) are especially effective. 4) is promising because of its easiness in introduction, and 2) is also a promising technology as a tool to introduce an electronic road pricing system on general roads in future in addition to the effect of reducing heavy traffic by its introduction to expressways. However, the higher the service level on the facility side becomes, the more the traffic demand amount becomes. By how to introduce ITS, it possibly occurs that improvement of the situation will not be made at all on the future vehicle traffic system. 38 refs., 42 figs., 52 tabs.

  4. Solid electrolyte membranes and the system to produce hydrogen from thermally decomposed water by solar energy; Taiyo energy riyo ni yoru mizu no chokusetsu netsubunkai kara no suiso seizoyo

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Nigara, K.; Watanabe, K.; Kawamura, K.; Kawada, T.; Mizusaki, J.; Ishigame, M. [Tohoku University, Sendai (Japan). Research Institute for Scientific Measurements

    1996-10-27

    For conversion of solar heat to transportable energy, hydrogen production by direct thermal decomposition of water using concentrated high-temperature solar heat was studied. Water vapor is injected into the tubular target with high melting point and high oxygen permeability at high temperature while heating the target by concentrated solar heat over 2000K. Oxygen in decomposed gas is discharged through an oxygen permeable membrane to extract hydrogen. Solid electrolyte is used as one of the target materials. Oxygen gas in the high-oxygen partial pressure site changes into oxygen ion by accepting two electrons at the target surface, and returns to neutral oxygen gas in the low-oxygen partial pressure site by discharging two electrons at the surface after permeation through oxygen vacancy. In the case of n-type solid electrolyte, to obtain constant permeation of a large amount of oxygen, flow of a large amount of electrons is indispensable in the opposite direction to oxygen ion. Among [(ZrO2)(1-x)(CeO2)x](0.9)(CaO)(0.1), materials of 0.4-0.5 in x seems to be useful as the target material. 7 refs., 7 figs.

  5. Fractionation of fulvic acid extracted from lake sediments using XAD resins and the metal complexing ability. Kosho taisekibutsuchu kara chushutsusareta furubosan no XAD jushi kyuchaku ni yoru bunkaku to sakka noryoku

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Usui, K.; Kishino, T. (Ube Colege, Yamaguchi (Japan). laboratory of Environmental Science); Higashi, T.; Shindo, H.; Marumoto, T. (Yamaguchi University, Yamaguchi (Japan). Faculty of Agriculture)

    1993-10-10

    Fulvic acid was extracted from lake sediments, and given an adsorption treatment with Amberlite XAD-2 and XAD-8 resins. The copper complexing ability of the treated liquid was discussed using a two binding site model. As a result of deriving the condition stability constants of the treated liquid, it was learned that the fulvic acid can be divided largely into two kinds with different complexing ability by about 100 times, having log K1 = 6.33 to 7.12 and log K2 = 4.35 to 4.66. The majority was composed of fulvic acid having weak complexing ability. The resin treatment separated the fulvic acid nearly completely into an adsorption fraction and a non-adsorption fraction. The fulvic acid in the adsorption fraction showed very little complexing ability. On the other hand, the fulvic acid in the non-adsorption fraction, which is nearly colorless, exhibited a complexing ability of 33 to 45 [mu] mol/g as copper complexing capacity. Further, the amount of the non-adsorption fraction appeared to account for 52% to 69% of the total fulvic acid as judged from the TOC value. 19 refs., 1 fig., 1 tab.

  6. FY1995 study of electronic coservice project which used Optical-Smart Hybrid Card; 1995 nendo hikari IC hybrid card wo mochiite katei kara ukeru gyosei denshika service project

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1997-03-01

    As one of advanced multi media service, We can think about electoronization-network changing of the public coservice. that the official system provides. It can be expected to improve the life environment for a nation by the electronization. The purpose of this research is to clarify the off-line administration of an individual information and the issue on security. We constructed the experimental system using the Internet and Optical-IC hybrid card that an individual information is administrated. The system provides the following services. (1) On-stop moving service (2) Electronic certificate publishing service (3) Electronic ticket publishing service We have mounted client terminals at Fuchu city hall, Yokohama city hall, and Keio University, and made field experimentation. (NEDO)

  7. Effect of operating methods of wind turbine-generator system on net power extraction under wind speed fluctuations in fields; Hendo fukyoka deno doryoku chushutsu kara mita furyoku hatsuden system no unten seigyoho ni kansuru kosatsu

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Wakui, T. [Japan Society for the Promotion of Science, Tokyo (Japan); Hashizume, T.; Ota, E. [Waseda University, Tokyo (Japan). School of Science and Engineering

    2000-01-25

    The effect of operating methods of wind turbine-generator system on net power extraction under wind speed fluctuations is discussed in relation to the dynamic behavior of the system. The system is composed of a Darrieus-Savonius hybrid wind turbine and a load generator. In this paper, two types of operating method are examined; constant tip speed ratio operation for stand-alone power systems (Scheme 1) and synchronous operation for utility power systems (Scheme 2). The computed results of the net extracting power using our dynamic simulation model show that the dominant factor of power extraction in Scheme 1 is the dynamic characteristics of rotational components and that it is important to select the appropriate rated wind speed in Scheme 2. Thus, it is concluded that a conformable operating method and rated power output of the system exist for each wind condition. In particular, small-scale systems, which are smaller than approximately 10 kW-system range, are desirable to be operated under a constant tip speed ratio as stand-alone power systems. (author)

  8. The Effect of Executive Order 13269 on Noncitizen Enlisted Accessions in the U.S. Military

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-03-01

    Postgraduate School Monterey, California 5. Jandarma Okullar Komutanlığı Kütüphanesi Jandarma Okullar Komutanlığı Beytepe , Ankara , Türkiye 6...Kara Harp Okulu Enstitüsü Kara Harp Okulu Bakanlıklar, Ankara , Türkiye 7. Huseyin Yalcinkaya Jandarma Okullar Komutanlığı Beytepe , Ankara , Türkiye 8. Melih Can Kara Harp Okulu Bakanlıklar, Ankara , Türkiye

  9. Data of evolutionary structure change: 1GOLA-2BPMC [Confc[Archive

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available 1GOLA-2BPMC 1GOL 2BPM A C AAAAAAGPEMVRGQVFDVGPRYTNLSYIGEGAYGMVCSA...ne>TYR CA 369 CYS CA 414 2BPM... C 2BPMC IRLDTETEGVPSTAI ASP CA 271 2BPM ...C 2BPMC FMDASALTGIPLP

  10. Impact of restricted marital practices on genetic variation in an endogamous Gujarati group.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Pemberton, Trevor J; Li, Fang-Yuan; Hanson, Erin K; Mehta, Niyati U; Choi, Sunju; Ballantyne, Jack; Belmont, John W; Rosenberg, Noah A; Tyler-Smith, Chris; Patel, Pragna I

    2012-09-01

    Recent studies have examined the influence on patterns of human genetic variation of a variety of cultural practices. In India, centuries-old marriage customs have introduced extensive social structuring into the contemporary population, potentially with significant consequences for genetic variation. Social stratification in India is evident as social classes that are defined by endogamous groups known as castes. Within a caste, there exist endogamous groups known as gols (marriage circles), each of which comprises a small number of exogamous gotra (lineages). Thus, while consanguinity is strictly avoided and some randomness in mate selection occurs within the gol, gene flow is limited with groups outside the gol. Gujarati Patels practice this form of "exogamic endogamy." We have analyzed genetic variation in one such group of Gujarati Patels, the Chha Gaam Patels (CGP), who comprise individuals from six villages. Population structure analysis of 1,200 autosomal loci offers support for the existence of distinctive multilocus genotypes in the CGP with respect to both non-Gujaratis and other Gujaratis, and indicates that CGP individuals are genetically very similar. Analysis of Y-chromosomal and mitochondrial haplotypes provides support for both patrilocal and patrilineal practices within the gol, and a low-level of female gene flow into the gol. Our study illustrates how the practice of gol endogamy has introduced fine-scale genetic structure into the population of India, and contributes more generally to an understanding of the way in which marriage practices affect patterns of genetic variation. Copyright © 2012 Wiley Periodicals, Inc.

  11. Altering carbon allocation in hybrid poplar (Populus alba × grandidentata) impacts cell wall growth and development.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Unda, Faride; Kim, Hoon; Hefer, Charles; Ralph, John; Mansfield, Shawn D

    2016-12-20

    Galactinol synthase is a pivotal enzyme involved in the synthesis of the raffinose family of oligosaccharides (RFOs) that function as transport carbohydrates in the phloem, as storage compounds in sink tissues and as soluble metabolites that combat both abiotic and biotic stress in several plant species. Hybrid poplar (Populus alba × grandidentata) overexpressing the Arabidopsis thaliana GolS3 (AtGolS3) gene showed clear effects on development; the extreme overexpressing lines were stunted and had cell wall traits characteristic of tension wood, whereas lines with only moderate up-regulation grew normally and had moderately altered secondary cell wall composition and ultrastructure. Stem cross-sections of the developing xylem revealed a significant increase in the number of vessels, as well as the clear presence of a G-layer in the fibres. Furthermore, AtGolS3-OE lines possessed higher cellulose and lower lignin contents, an increase in cellulose crystallinity, and significantly altered hemicellulose-derived carbohydrates, notably manifested by their mannose and xylose contents. In addition, the transgenic plants displayed elevated xylem starch content. Transcriptome interrogation of the transgenic plants showed a significant up-regulation of genes involved in the synthesis of myo-inositol, along with genes involved in sucrose degradation. The results suggest that the overexpression of GolS and its product galactinol may serve as a molecular signal that initiates metabolic changes, culminating in a change in cell wall development and potentially the formation of tension wood.

  12. Navy and Marine Corps Spectrum Offices (NMCSO) Status

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-03-01

    IT1 Aaron Crawford IT1 William Kennedy IT1 Trinika Savage Randall Hall (Supervisor) Dave Harris ITC Duane King IT1...VACANT E6 Gary Vogel (Supervisor) Greg Boone ITC James Robinson Rena Karas (Supervisor) Elizabeth Anderson Reginald Thomas...states and afloat. NMCSO (South West) San Diego (Supr Rena Karas )  COOP - NAVMARSPECCEN or NMCSO LANT office operations during contingencies

  13. The Allocation of Automated Test Equipment Capacity with Variability in Demand and Processing Rates

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-12-01

    L., Richardson, S. C., Savage , H. S., Devers, W. C., Balaban, H. S., Bailey, E. K., et al. (1996). The Capability of the Consolidated Automated...Postgraduate School Monterey, CA 8. Kara Harp Okulu Savunma Bilimleri Enstitusu Bakanliklar Ankara, Turkey 9. Kara Kuvvetleri Komutanligi

  14. An Exploratory Analysis of Village Search Operations

    Science.gov (United States)

    2004-06-01

    Ankara , TURKEY 5. Jandarma Okullar Komutanligi Okullar Komutanligi Kutuphanesi Beytepe , Ankara 6. Kara Harp Okulu Kara Harp Okulu Kutuphanesi...Democratic Congress), previously known as the Kurdistan Workers Party (PKK). Four students at the University of Ankara , Abdullah Ocalan, Kesire Yildirim...

  15. Galactinol synthase transcriptional profile in two genotypes of Coffea canephora with contrasting tolerance to drought

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Tiago Benedito Dos Santos

    2015-06-01

    Full Text Available Increased synthesis of galactinol and raffinose family oligosaccharides (RFOs has been reported in vegetative tissues in response to a range of abiotic stresses. In this work, we evaluated the transcriptional profile of a Coffea canephora galactinol synthase gene (CcGolS1 in two clones that differed in tolerance to water deficit in order to assess the contribution of this gene to drought tolerance. The expression of CcGolS1 in leaves was differentially regulated by water deficit, depending on the intensity of stress and the genotype. In clone 109A (drought-susceptible, the abundance of CcGolS1 transcripts decreased upon exposure to drought, reaching minimum values during recovery from severe water deficit and stress. In contrast, CcGolS1 gene expression in clone 14 (drought-tolerant was stimulated by water deficit. Changes in galactinol and RFO content did not correlate with variation in the steady-state transcript level. However, the magnitude of increase in RFO accumulation was higher in the tolerant cultivar, mainly under severe water deficit. The finding that the drought-tolerant coffee clone showed enhanced accumulation of CcGolS1 transcripts and RFOs under water deficit suggests the possibility of using this gene to improve drought tolerance in this important crop.

  16. Exogenously applied D-pinitol and D-chiro-inositol modifies the accumulation of α-D-galactosides in developing tiny vetch (Vicia hirsuta [L.] S.F. Gray seeds

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Lesław B. Lahuta

    2011-01-01

    Full Text Available In the present study we have investigated the effect of exogenous cyclitols on the accumulation of their galactosides and raffinose family oligosaccharides (RFOs, as well as on some enzymes important for their biosynthesis in seeds of tiny vetch (Vicia hirsuta [L.] S.F. Gray. Immature seeds during 6-day incubation with D-chiro-inositol (naturally does not appear in seeds of tiny vetch were accumulated cyclitol and its galactosides (fagopyritols: B1 and B2. Short 4-hour incubation with D-chiro-inositol, and subsequent slow desiccation process caused accumulation of free cyclitol only, without biosynthesis of its galactosides. Feeding D-chiro-inositol to pods of tiny vetch induced accumulation of high levels of its galactosides (fagopyritol B1, B2 and B3 in maturing seeds. Similarly, feeding D-pinitol increased accumulation of its mono-, di- and tri-galactosides: GPA, GPB, DGPA and TGPA in tiny vetch seed. Accumulation of both cyclitols and their galactosides drastically reduced accumulation of verbascose. Inhibition of RFOs biosynthesis by elevated levels of free cyclitols suggests some competition between formation of both types of galactosides and similarity of both biosynthetic routes in tiny vetch seeds. Galactinol synthase (GolS from tiny vetch seeds demonstrated ability to utilize D-chiro-inositol as galactosyl acceptor, instead of myo-inositol. Presence of both cyclitols, as substrates for GolS, caused synthesis of their galactosides: fagopyritol B1 and galactinol. However, formation of galactinol was more efficient than fagopyritol B1. D-chiro-Inositol and D-pinitol at concentrations several-fold higher than myo-inositol had inhibitory effect on GolS. Thus, we suggest that a level of free cyclitols can have an influence on the rate of galactinol biosynthesis and further accumulation of RFOs and galactosyl cyclitols in tiny vetch seeds.

  17. Effects of Kangshen Oral Liquid on Gentamicin-induced Acute ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Purpose: To investigate the effects of Kangshen oral liquid (KSOL) on gentamicin sulfate (GS)-induced acute kidney injury ..... Upon GS administration, several physiological markers are .... Kara A, Bozkurt A. The protective effect of taurine.

  18. Oceanographic profile temperature, salinity and other measurements collected using bottle in the Arctic in 1934 (NODC Accession 0001244)

    Data.gov (United States)

    National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, Department of Commerce — Temperature profile and meteorological data were collected using bottle casts in the Barents Sea, Kara Sea, Laptev Sea, White Sea, and Arctic Ocean. Data were...

  19. Oceanographic profile temperature and salinity measurements collected using bottle from the UGLOMER in the Arctic in 1961 (NCEI Accession 0001128)

    Data.gov (United States)

    National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, Department of Commerce — Temperature profile and meteorological data were collected using bottle casts from the UGLOMER in the Barents Sea, Kara Sea, Laptev Sea, and White Sea. Data were...

  20. 78 FR 15643 - Fisheries of the Exclusive Economic Zone Off Alaska; Pollock in Statistical Area 630 in the Gulf...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-03-12

    ... interest as it would prevent NMFS from responding to the most recent fisheries data in a timely fashion and...: March 7, 2013. Kara Meckley, Acting Deputy Director, Office of Sustainable Fisheries, National...

  1. 78 FR 14932 - Fisheries of the Exclusive Economic Zone Off Alaska; Reallocation of Pollock in the Bering Sea...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-03-08

    ... would prevent NMFS from responding to the most recent fisheries data in a timely fashion and would delay.... Dated: March 5, 2013. Kara Meckley, Acting Deputy Director, Office of Sustainable Fisheries,...

  2. 78 FR 17885 - Fisheries of the Exclusive Economic Zone Off Alaska; Pacific Cod by Catcher Vessels Less Than 50...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-03-25

    ... a timely fashion and would delay the closure of directed fishing for Pacific cod by CVs less than 50...: March 20, 2013. Kara Meckley, Acting Deputy Director, Office of Sustainable Fisheries, National...

  3. Temperature profile data from EBT casts in the Indian Ocean from 13 February 1986 to 01 January 1989 (NODC Accession 0000210)

    Data.gov (United States)

    National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, Department of Commerce — Temperature profile data were collected using EBT casts in the Indian Ocean from the MYS OSTROVSKOGO, IGNAT PAVLYUCHENKOV, ZVEZDA AZOVA, and KARA-DAG from February...

  4. Consumer patronage and willingness-to-pay at different levels of ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Utility theories such as multi-attribute theory (MAUT) and subjective expected utility ... Consumer patronage and willingness-to-pay at different levels of restaurant attributes: A study from Kenya ... in the marketing literature. Kara, Kaynak and ...

  5. Dissolved inorganic carbon, pH, alkalinity, temperature, salinity and other variables collected from discrete sample and profile observations using Alkalinity titrator, CTD and other instruments from the JAKOV SMIRNITSKIY in the Beaufort Sea, East Siberia Sea and others from 2008-08-15 to 2008-09-16 (NODC Accession 0108368)

    Data.gov (United States)

    National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, Department of Commerce — NODC Accession 0108368 includes chemical, discrete sample, physical and profile data collected from JAKOV SMIRNITSKIY in the Beaufort Sea, East Siberia Sea, Kara Sea...

  6. Productivity, chlorophyll a, Photosynthetically Active Radiation (PAR) and other phytoplankton data from the Arctic Ocean, Bering Sea, Chukchi Sea, Beaufort Sea, East Siberian Sea, Kara Sea, Barents Sea, and Arctic Archipelago measured between 17 April, 1954 and 30 May, 2006 compiled as part of the Arctic System Science Primary Production (ARCSS-PP) observational synthesis project (NODC Accession 0063065)

    Data.gov (United States)

    National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, Department of Commerce — Arctic Ocean primary production data were assembled from original input data archived in various international databases, provided by individual investigators or in...

  7. One year since enforcement of the energy saving/recycle support act. Energy saving facilities seen in Iwakuni Works, Nippon Paper Co. , Ltd. , No. 1 facilities applied by this act. Shoene-risaikuru shienho shiko kara 1 nen. Tekiyo dai 1 go Nihon Seishi Iwakuni kojo ni miru shoene shisetsu

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Owada, T.; Ito, H.

    1994-06-01

    The Iwakuni Work, the Nippon Paper Co., Ltd. had 4 systems of the kraft pulp manufacturing facilities conventionally, however 3 systems out of them were in considerable obsolescence and therefore they were aggregated and integrated, and then a large scale new facility incorporated the highest technology which could be considered at present was installed. This facility is currently the maximum pulp plant domestically, and moreover an yield elevation, labor saving, environmental countermeasure and so forth are sufficiently taken into account. In planning it furthermore, a remarkable curtailment of power and steam consumption is intended, and consequently each kind of facilities with a high energy efficiency is selected and adopted. Its energy saving efficiency is recognized and as a result this plant is authorized by the Energy Saving/Recycle Support Act as a No.1 plant for an application. When a curtailment estimate of the steam and power energy by introducing these facilities is calculated as a trial, based on a conversion of steam to crude oil 75.4 l/T and a conversion of power to crude oil 0.24 l/kWh, an annual curtailment quantity reduced to crude oil in total of 4 systems is 19,547 kl, curtailment ratio 39.6% (equivalent to 8.0% in total work), and therefore this quantity of energy can be estimated to be reduced. 5 figs., 2 tabs.

  8. From development of a method for fabricating an optically non-spherical face to a method for fabricating a high-precision secondary curve-face mirror for a solar furnace. 3; Kogaku hikyumen no seisakuho no kaihatsu kara taiyoroyo koseido niji kyokumenkyo no seisakuho made. 3

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Shishido, K. [Tohoku Gakuin University, Sendai (Japan). Faculty of Engineering

    1996-07-31

    In order to fabricate high-precision secondary curve-face mirror for a solar furnace, development was made on a secondary curve-face processing machine in which links, gears and a cam mechanism are combined. Fabricating a glass object having secondary curve-face requires a mother die. The curve-face glass is fabricated by placing segment glass in the mother die, softened and formed. Face precision of the mother die is the most important factor. Therefore, a thin glass plate was cut to fabricate a glass gauge (serving also as a grinding tool) by using the above secondary curve-face processing machine. The glass gauge was swung around an optical axis to process the mother die (the glass gauge method). The accuracy of a processed face was about {plus_minus}1/6000 to 1/3000 rad as an inclination error against the ideal face. A cylinder method was also devised, by which a tool is made by cutting the end of a cylinder obliquely. When a condition is satisfied that the cylinder center axis parallels with an optical axis of the parabolic face or passes the focus thereof, the parabolic face can be processed by swinging the cylinder around the optical axis. Utilization as a light collecting system for a solar heat engine power generation is in sight. 30 refs., 25 figs.

  9. Historical temperature, salinity, oxygen, pH, and meteorological data collected from Former Soviet Union platforms Lomonosov, Murmanets, and Akademik Shokalsky in 1933 - 1962 years from Arctic Ocean, Barents Sea, Bering Sea, Chukchi Sea, East Siberian Sea, Kara Sea, and Laptev Sea (NODC Accession 0108117)

    Data.gov (United States)

    National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, Department of Commerce — Historical temperature, salinity, oxygen, pH, and meteorological data collected from Former Soviet Union platforms Lomonosov,Murmanets, and Akademik Shokalsky in...

  10. Can the chemistry save the crisis of the mankind in the twenty-first century? To the gentle chemistry in environment from the ozone layer depletion; Kagaku wa 21 seiki no jinrui no kiki wo sukueruka? Ozonso kahai kara kankyo ni yasashii kagaku e

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Tominaga, T. [The Univ. of Tokyo, Tokyo (Japan)

    2000-01-01

    The representative result as the global environmental problems caused by chemical substance is the ozone layer depletion of the stratosphere by chlorofluorocarbon (CFC). The regulation of the CFC began in 1989 based on 'Vienna Convention for the Ozone layer protection' (1985) and 'Montreal Protocol on Substances that Deplete the Ozone Layer' (1987). Production and consumption of CFC, tetrachloromethane, methylchloroform and halon have already been aborted, and the regulation of HCFC and bromomethane were also began to turn to the abolition. The increase of atmosphere average concentration such as CFC and methylchloroform has already blunted in such the international regulation. The chloride concentration of stratosphere from substance of the ozone layer depletion would reach a peak soon, and was prospected to be reduced after then. It is expected to drop to previous level before the South Pole ozone hole appeared after the middle in the twenty-first century. Finally, the future prospect of the gentle chemistry in the environment is described. (NEDO)

  11. Development of reader for the demand data from compound demand meter for power supply/demand (CDM). Development of recommended tools for load leveling in existing works; Denryoku jukyuyo fukugo keiki kara no demand data yomitori sochi no kaihatsu. Kisetsu kojo no fuka heijunka suisho tool no kaihatsu

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Sakamoto, S. [Kansai Electric Power Co. Inc., Osaka (Japan)

    1997-10-10

    Kansai Electric Power has developed a system which reads the demand data for 30min. stored in the compound demand meter for power supply/demand (CDM), and prints the load curves. It is for customers of high-voltage power of less than 500kW, where load management is less extensive than that in larger users, for initial consulting on improvement of load factor (recommendation of heat storage contracts). It is to be installed on the spot to display the load curves, to allow the expert visiting the site to issue initial proposals immediately. It displays `daily demands by time zone` instead of `monthly power consumption` previously provided, and makes the graph of demands by time zone. It is designed to be compact, light, and easily and safely handled. The field test results indicate that the system can be sufficiently practical with the major performance items. 4 figs., 1 tab.

  12. Geological information obtained from rock magnetism and magnetic anomaly. Rock magnetism measurement and geomagnetic anomaly analysis in the forearc shelf of Northeast Japan; Ganseki jiki to jiki ijo kara erareru chishitsu joho. Tohoku Nippon zenko rikudana ni okeru ganseki jiki sokutei to chijiki ijo kaiseki

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Nagasaki, Y. [Japan National Oil Corp., Tokyo (Japan)

    1997-12-01

    Improved accuracy and efficiency of magnetism analysis has advanced magnetic exploitation from a mere tool for exploitation of iron ore deposits to a general tool for analyzing geological structures. Magnetism in a bed rock and presence of a rock of high magnetism penetrating a bed rock cause magnetic anomaly, and it is possible to grasp morphology of a sedimentary basin by analyzing its magnetic anomaly observed, for exploitation of oil and natural gas. Magnitude of anomaly must be handled as vector sum of induction and residual magnetization. However, it is sometimes erroneously explained by use of a model which neglects the effect of residual magnetization. This paper reviews the basic aspects of anomaly analysis, and describes an example in which seismic exploitation based on the reflection method, gravity anomaly and magnetism anomaly are considered to explain geological structures, taking, as a case study, geomagnetism anomaly observed off Sanriku. The rock-magnetical geological structures are clarified by a variety of tests, including those for demagnetization of the samples by stepwise applied alternating current and heat. 9 refs., 8 figs.

  13. Environmental liability on the risk of hazardous meterials. (2). ; Problems and trends in the international companies, especially with regards to the techniques and law of insurances (from the lst international congress on safety science). Kikenbusshitsu risk ni taisuru kankyo sekinin. (2). ; Kokusai hikaku ni okeru mondaiten to keiko, oyobi koreyori shozuru hoken gijutsu to hokenhojo no mondaiten (daiikkai anzen kogaku kokusai kaigi kara shoyaku)

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Shimizu, H. (Yokohama National University, Yokohama (Japan). Faculty of Engineering)

    1991-10-15

    An environmental liability act was promulgated in the European Community where the regulation on air, water, soils and foods, and the liability provisions are increasingly tightened. This paper introduces the Conditions in Germany'' for the circumstances thereabout as seen from the insurance company point of view, using an extract from the presentations at the lst International Safety Engineerings Conference. In Germany, the consciousness to the problem of Altlasten'' (inadequate disposition areas) has been heightened since about 1983. This has made the problems of soil and ground water contamination handled in more advanced ways, whereas the criterion values are not fixed but incessantly revised downwards, causing a situation embarrassing for insurance companies in how to handle liabilities of unspecified number og parties on the pollutions accumulated over many years. The new environmental act is unified under one common concept from the water quality control act to the gene technologies act. For instance in the gene technologies act enforced in July 1990, all the related operations must follow the intentions of the law makers, and are subject to statutory regulations. Liabilities must be fulfilled on any damage that even operators and scientists were not able to be aware of.

  14. Discrete frequency noise generated by an air jet flow from a rectangular slit. 2nd Report. Relationship between the generation of the tonal noise and flow field. Chohokei slit kara no funryu ni yotte hasseisuru risan shuhasu soon no kenkyu. 2. Soon hassei to sokudoba no shotokusei tono kankei

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Kono, I.; Kato, J. (Fukuoka Institute of Technology, Fukuoka (Japan)); Fukano, T. (Kyushu University, Fukuoka (Japan). Faculty of Engineering)

    1994-06-25

    Pure tones sometimes generate unexpectedly due to air leaking from gaps between closed windows and dampers in case of a strong wind. Such pure tones are called whistle tones. The previous paper described that whistle tones can be generated by an air jet flow from a rectangular slit. In the previous paper, concerning the slit configuration that generated the clearest whistle tone, the jet velocity field and its time variation characteristics were investigated in detail, and their relationship with the generation of whistle tones was studied. In the jet velocity measurement, a constant-temperature hot-wire current meter was used, and a probe was precisely moved by a three-dimensional moving system. A typical whistle tone was generated when the representative velocity (U[sub 0]) of the potential core part of the jet was 10.6m/s. At that time, peak frequencies of spectral density distributions of both noise and jet velocity fluctuation coincided with each other. It was also found that periodic velocity fluctuation components caused the whistle tones. The scale of the jet turbulence or the range of the intense velocity fluctuation was almost equivalent to the slit outlet size. 4 refs., 16 figs.

  15. Fiscal 1998 research report. Survey on development and application of membranes with pores of micron to nano-meter sizes; 1998 nendo chosa kenkyu hokokusho. Makuro kara mikuro (nano mezo dai) size wo motsu, menburenmaku no kaihatsu narabi ni oyo ni kansuru chosa kenkyu

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1999-03-01

    Researches on preparation of membranes of various materials have been promoted by not systematic technique but separate techniques according to needs of concerned fields. To establish the efficient technique for membranes with pores of required uniform size according to needs of various industries, survey and study were made on process optimization and low-cost production method. Porous membrane is the leading candidate for new separation systems as separation medium in chemical industry, hot gas filtration for energy production and environmental purification engineering. The electrode, separator and gas storage medium of fuel cell vehicles and next-generation batteries require effective porous materials. The workshop on engineering porous materials held in May 1993 confirmed the time of following materials: High-efficiency gas separation membrane, chemical catalytic membrane, fuel cell electrode and absorbent for environmental purification. Development of inorganic membranes more excellent in high-temperature stability, strength, catalytic activity and corrosion resistance than previous polymer membranes is important. (NEDO)

  16. pH and ionic strength-sensitive drug release from poly (L-lysine-alt-terephthalic acid) microcapsules: effects of dissociable groups on the microcapsule structure; pH to ion kyodo ni otoshita poly(L-lysine-alt-terephthal san) microcapsule kara no yakubutsu hoshutsu seigyo

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Makino, K. [Science University of Tokyo, Tokyo (Japan). Faculty of Pharmaceutical Science

    1995-12-15

    Poly(L-lysine-alt-terephthalic acid) microcapsules change their particle size, volume and the membrane permeability, depending on pH and the ionic strength. The mechanisms of the change in membrane shape were studied. The water content in the membrane and the sensitivity to the stimuli changed corresponding to the changes in the charge density and in the hydrophobicity of the membrane. These phenomena were considered as the phase transition of a hydrogen. In aqueous solutions, the microcapsules shrank by the addition of multi-valent cations or by the addition of the solvent with low permittivity such as ethanol. The viscosity of the membrane was high when the water content of the microcapsules was high. Also, the mass density of the membrane was inversely proportional to the microcapsule size. 4 refs., 3 figs.

  17. Surface characterization and gas desorptin measurements. (I). ; Effects of surface treatment for the gas desorption from type 6063 aluminium alloy. Aluminium gokin no hyomen tokusei to gas hoshutsu tokusei. (I). ; 6063 aluminium gokin kara no gas hoshutsu ni oyobosu hyomen shori no eikyo

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Hirohata, Y.; Hashiba, M.; Hino, T.; Yamashina, T. (Hokkaido University, Sapporo (Japan). Faculty of Engineering)

    1992-01-31

    In the present report, extruded element material of type 6063 aluminum alloy and its diamond lathe-milled material were observed in surface roughness and morphology, and directionally analyzed in surface layer depth to study the correlation between the heated gas desorption and surface processing in the present research report. As a result of study, desorbed gas was known to be mainly water, hydrogen and carbon monoxide. Regardless of desorbed species, the desorbed quantity of gas is larger on the extruded surface. The surface roughness factor being also larger on the extruded surface than that on the diamond lathe-milled surface, the former is about 2.6 times as large as the latter in effective surface area. But, their difference in desorbed quantity of water can not be elucidated by that in surface roughness factor only. In case of using type 6063 aluminum alloy as vacuum vessel material, necessity was known, from the above conclusion, to exist in smoothing the surface to narrow the surface area, strenuously thinning the oxide layer by lathe milling and other processings on the surface, and putting out at about 130 centigrade in temperature to meet the desorption characteristics of water. 11 refs., 9 figs.

  18. Heyberger, Bernard ; Naef, Silvia (éd., La multiplication des images en pays d’Islam : de l’estampe à la télévision xviie- xxie siècle, Actes du colloque Images : fonctions et langages. L’incursion de l’image moderne dans l’Orient musulman et sa périphérie. Istanbul, Université du Bosphore 25-27 mars 1999, Istanbuler Texte und Studien, Band 2, Ergon Verlag, Wüzburg, 2003, 328 p.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Gilbert Beaugé

    2006-03-01

    Full Text Available Nous aurons attendu cinq ans pour que les comptes rendus du colloque de l’Université de Bogazıçı (Istanbul paraissent ; c’est aujourd’hui chose faite et il nous faut en remercier ses organisateurs : Bernard Heyberger et Sylvia Naef. On connaît les difficultés de ce genre d’exercice : malgré la diversité des approches, il s’agit de maintenir une unité de ton et de questionnement telle que l’objet commun apparaisse de plus en plus distinctement. Le pari semble gagné. La multiplication des imag...

  19. The Predictability of Near-Coastal Currents Using a Baroclinic Unstructured Grid Model

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-12-28

    continuity equation is solved for the vertical velocity, subject to kinematic boundary conditions (Luettich et al. 2002; Muccino et al. 1997). For the baro ...2001. J Atmos Ocean Tcchnol21(12):l876-l894 Barron CN, Kara A, Martin P, Rhodes R, Smedstad L (2006) Formulation, implementation and examination of...larval recruitment. Bull Mar Sei 57:726-738 Kara AB, Barron C, Martin P, Smedstad L, Rhodes R (2006) Validation of intcrannual simulations from the 1

  20. JPRS Report, Soviet Union, Military Affairs

    Science.gov (United States)

    2007-11-02

    the sending of troops into by the parliament, unless generals savaging perestroika Baku, pointing out a number of crimes committed by and insulting...market. JPRS-UMA-90-026 36 MILITARY MANPOWER ISSUES 19 November 1990 Uzbek Presidential Decree on Draft, Military the Ministry of Health of the Kara ...of the Kara -Kalpak Republic Youth, 4 Sep 90] ASSR, the oblispolkoms, the Tashkent gorispolkom, [Text] To assure the rights and liberties of Uzbek SSR

  1. Structural effects on water adsorption on gold electrodes

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Garcia-Araez, N.; Rodriguez, P.; Navarro, V.; Bakker, H.J.; Koper, M.T.M.

    2011-01-01

    We study the molecular properties of the interface formed between aqueous sulfuric acid solutions and gold electrodes by means of surface-enhanced infrared absorption spectroscopy (SEIRAS). The shape of the SEIRAS spectra is observed to be strongly dependent on the deposition rate with which the gol

  2. SIGNIFICANCE OF GALACTINOL AND RAFFINOSE FAMILY OLIGOSACCHARIDE SYNTHESIS IN PLANTS

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sonali eSengupta

    2015-08-01

    Full Text Available Abiotic stress induces differential expression of genes responsible for the synthesis of Raffinose series of Oligosaccharides (RFOs in plants. RFOs are described as the most widespread D-galactose containing oligosaccharides in higher plants. Biosynthesis of RFOs begin with the activity of Galactinol synthase (GolS; EC 2.4.1.123, a GT8 family glycosyltransferase that galactosylates myo-inositol to produce galactinol. Raffinose and the subsequent higher molecular weight RFOs (Stachyose, Verbascose and Ajugose are synthesized from sucrose by the subsequent addition of activated galactose moieties donated by Galactinol. Interestingly, GolS, the key enzyme of this pathway is functional only in the flowering plants. It is thus assumed that RFO synthesis is a specialized metabolic event in higher plants; although it is not known whether lower plant groups synthesize any galactinol or RFOs. In higher plants, several functional importance of RFOs have been reported, e.g. RFOs protect the embryo from maturation associated desiccation, are predominant transport carbohydrate in some plant families, act as signaling molecule following pathogen attack and wounding and accumulate in vegetative tissues in response to a range of abiotic stresses. However, the loss-of-function mutants reported so far fail to show any perturbation in those biological functions. The role of RFOs in biotic and abiotic stress is therefore still in debateand their specificity and related components remains to be demonstrated. The present review discusses the biology and stress-linked regulation of this less studied extension of inositol metabolic pathway.

  3. Excess molar volumes of (an alkanol plus a branched chain ether) at the temperature 298.15 K and the application of the ERAS model

    CSIR Research Space (South Africa)

    Letcher, TM

    1997-12-01

    Full Text Available . 216 TM. Letcher, P.U. Gol;ender/ Fluid Phase Equilibria 140 (1997) 207-220 x Fig. 2 (see p. 214 for caption). T.M. Letcher, P. I/. Gownder/ Fluid Phase Equilibricr 140 C I9971 207-220 (4 Fig. 3 (see p. 214 for caption...

  4. An ontologically well-founded profile for UML conceptual models

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Guizzardi, Giancarlo; Wagner, Gerd; Guarino, Nicola; Sinderen, van Marten; Persson, Anne; Stirna, Janis

    2004-01-01

    UML class diagrams can be used as a language for expressing a conceptual model of a domain. In a series of papers [1,2,3] we have been using the General Ontological Language (GOL) and its underlying upper level ontology, proposed in [4,5], to evaluate the ontological correctness of a conceptual UML

  5. Melamine structures on the Au(111) surface

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Silly, Fabien; Shaw, Adam Q.; Castell, Martin R.; Briggs, G. A. D.; Mura, Manuela; Martsinovich, Natalia; Kantorovich, Lev

    2008-01-01

    We report on a joint experimental and theoretical study of the ordered structures of melamine molecules formed on the Au(111)-(22 x root 3) surface. Scanning tunneling microscopy (STM) images taken under UHV conditions reveal two distinct monolayers one of which has never been reported before on gol

  6. A Quantitative Method for the Measurement of Three Benzofuran Ketones in Rayless Goldenrod (Isocoma pluriflora) and White Snakeroot (Ageratine altissima) by HPLC

    Science.gov (United States)

    White snakeroot (Ageratina altissima) and rayless goldenrod (Isocoma pluriflora) can cause “trembles” and “milk sickness” in livestock and humans, respectively. Tremetol, a complex mixture of sterols and derivatives of methyl ketone benzofuran has been extracted from white snakeroot and rayless gol...

  7. Effect of Binder on the Structure and Properties of Silicon Powder-supported TiO2 Photocatalysis Material

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    WU Ren-Ping; GUO Jin-Yu; Chen Zhu-Ling; YU Yan

    2008-01-01

    Recoverable TiO2 photocatalysis material supported by silicon powder was pre- pared with sol-gel method, afterwards the silica gol and sodium silicate were used as molding binder respectively to investigate their effects (including binder type and binder addition quantity) on the crystal structure and catalysis properties of photocatalyst. In this work, the catalysis activity was defined as the degradation rate of methyl orange solution upon ultraviolet lamp irradiation, and the specific areas were determined with nitrogen desorption method. TiO2 crystal form was measured with X-ray powder diffraction and their micro-morphology was observed with SEM. Experimental results indicate that these two binders do not affect the crystal form transformation of TiO2, but silica gol can increase the specific surface area of TiO2 photocatalyst obviously and the addition of sodium silicate can decrease it. In all, silica gol is a better candidate than sodium silicate for higher catalysis property. In conclusion, 6% silica gol is the optimal addition concentration. Under this condition, the ratio of anatase to rutile TiO2 is 64:36, the specific area is 29.67 m2/g, and as expected, the degradation rate of methyl orange could be as high as 90% after irradiation for 5 days.

  8. Towards Ontological Foundations for UML Conceptual Models

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Guizzardi, Giancarlo; Herre, Heinrich; Wagner, Gerd; Meerman, Robert; Tari, Zahir

    2002-01-01

    UML class diagrams can be used as a language for expressing a conceptual model of a domain. We use the General Ontological Language (GOL) and its underlying upper level ontology, proposed in [1], to evaluate the ontological correctness of a conceptual UML class model and to develop guidelines for

  9. The Madam Fair

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    1997-01-01

    "NADAM" means "entertainment" or "game" in Mongolian. The Nadam Fair, a traditional Mongolian gathering, is held each year in summer or autumn and features horse racing, wrestling, shooting, singing and dancing. In the summer, I, together with my friends, traveled to Dong Ujimqin Banner of Xilin Gol League in Inner Mongolia for

  10. A Spoken English Recognition Expert System.

    Science.gov (United States)

    1983-09-01

    adj and not noun) (than) (quant) (no un and not npl) (noun and npl) (noun and not npl) (than) (quant)) (1003 (conj) ( posesive ) (tonj) (verb) (possesive...comps) (pronoun)) Data from epfe to english paer follows: _ gol([thepeakgotno, pause]). ((toni) (possesive) (conj) ( posesive )) %, % Data from epfe

  11. Expression of a GALACTINOL SYNTHASE gene is positively associated with desiccation tolerance of Brassica napus seeds during development.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Li, Xu; Zhuo, Jiajin; Jing, Yin; Liu, Xiao; Wang, Xiaofeng

    2011-10-15

    Desiccation tolerance of seeds is positively correlated with raffinose family oligosaccharides (RFOs). However, RFOs' role in desiccation tolerance is still a matter of controversy. The aim of this work was to monitor the accumulation of RFO during acquisition of desiccation tolerance in rapeseed (Brassica napus L.). Rapeseeds become desiccation tolerant at 21-24d after flowering (DAF), and the time was coincident with an accumulation of raffinose and stachyose. A gene encoding galactinol synthase (GolS; EC2.4.1.123), involved in RFO biosynthesis, was cloned and functionally characterized. Enzymatic properties of recombinant galactinol synthase were also determined. Accumulation of BnGOLS-1 mRNA in developing rapeseeds was concomitant with dry weight deposition and the acquisition of desiccation tolerance, and was concurrent with the formation of raffinose and stachyose. The physiological implications of BnGOLS-1 expression patterns in developing seeds are discussed in light of the hypothesized role of RFOs in seed desiccation tolerance. Copyright © 2011 Elsevier GmbH. All rights reserved.

  12. Studies in Beamforming Tracking Neural Networks Mathematics

    Science.gov (United States)

    1991-01-01

    designs. Therefore, as p is varied it isUP -- o 2)helpful to maintain a fixed beamwidth; specifically, we always where 4! , is the largest zero of the...fondamental de la theorie des jeux, C. R. Acad. Sci. Paris 234:2418-2420 (1952). 11 E. G. Gol’stein, Theory of Convex Programming, Translations of Mathematical

  13. SwissProt search result: AK120377 [KOME

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available AK120377 J013071N06 (Q15643) Thyroid receptor interacting protein 11 (TRIP-11) (Gol...gi-associated microtubule-binding protein 210) (GMAP-210) (Trip230) (Clonal evolution related gene on chromosome 14) TRIPB_HUMAN 1e-11 ...

  14. SwissProt search result: AK072171 [KOME

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available AK072171 J013135H18 (Q15643) Thyroid receptor interacting protein 11 (TRIP-11) (Gol...gi-associated microtubule-binding protein 210) (GMAP-210) (Trip230) (Clonal evolution related gene on chromosome 14) TRIPB_HUMAN 4e-11 ...

  15. SwissProt search result: AK067565 [KOME

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available AK067565 J013112J12 (Q15643) Thyroid receptor interacting protein 11 (TRIP-11) (Gol...gi-associated microtubule-binding protein 210) (GMAP-210) (Trip230) (Clonal evolution related gene on chromosome 14) TRIPB_HUMAN 2e-20 ...

  16. SwissProt search result: AK068369 [KOME

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available AK068369 J013149N06 (Q15643) Thyroid receptor interacting protein 11 (TRIP-11) (Gol...gi-associated microtubule-binding protein 210) (GMAP-210) (Trip230) (Clonal evolution related gene on chromosome 14) TRIPB_HUMAN 2e-11 ...

  17. SwissProt search result: AK073937 [KOME

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available AK073937 J033075G21 (Q15643) Thyroid receptor interacting protein 11 (TRIP-11) (Gol...gi-associated microtubule-binding protein 210) (GMAP-210) (Trip230) (Clonal evolution related gene on chromosome 14) TRIPB_HUMAN 4e-13 ...

  18. SwissProt search result: AK240924 [KOME

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available AK240924 J065039N21 (Q15643) Thyroid receptor interacting protein 11 (TRIP-11) (Gol...gi-associated microtubule-binding protein 210) (GMAP-210) (Trip230) (Clonal evolution related gene on chromosome 14) TRIPB_HUMAN 8e-15 ...

  19. Dede Korkut Says: When You Want to Cross Over the Black Montain, My God Grant You Strait; When You Want to Pass the Wild Water, My God Grant You Passage / Dede Korkut Eydür: Kara Tagdan Aşar Olsan Aşıt Versün, Kanlı Sudan Geçer Olsan Geçit Versün!

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sadettin ÖZÇELİK

    2013-12-01

    Full Text Available Dede Korkut text offers different clues us for the problems to be solved most of the time. For instance, similar utterance patterns, words or phrases which the narrator poet had used in different parts of the text are some of them. To understand the text correctly easier guided by the context and these clues. So Dede Korkut text can shed light on us with examples contained in, about misspellings or incorrect readings in the text. In this article, focuses on problems due to misspellings and incorrect readings with the following expression in the Basat Tepegözi Öldürdügi Boy/ Drs.119a.11. Dede Korkut metni, çözülmesi gereken sorunlar için bize çoğu zaman farklı ipuçları sunar. Söz gelişi anlatıcı ozanın metnin farklı yerlerinde kullanmış olduğu benzer söyleyiş kalıpları, deyimler veya kelimeler bunlardan bazılarıdır. Bu ipuçları ile bağlamın kılavuzluğunda metni doğru anlamamız kolaylaşır. Yani Dede Korkut metni içerdiği örneklerle metindeki yanlış yazımlar veya yanlış okumalar konusunda bize ışık tutabilir. Bu makalede, Basat Tepegözi Öldürdügi Boy/ Drs.119a.11’de geçen aşağıdaki ibare ile ilgili yanlış yazım ve yanlış okumalardan kaynaklanmış sorunlar üzerinde durulmaktadır.

  20. Assessment of fatigue life for a crack emanated from a notch. ; Algorithm of fatigue life assessment by [delta]K[sub RP] approach without distinguishing between the crack Initiaion and the propagation. Kirikakitei kara hasseisuru bishi bisho kiretsu no hiro kiretsu jumyo hyokaho ni tsuite. ; Hassei to denpa no toitsu riron ni yoru jumyo yosoku no algorithm (RPG kijun ni yoru hiro kiretsu denpa kyodo no kenkyu)

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Toyosada, M.; Niwa, T. (Kyushu University, Fukuoka (Japan). Faculty of Engineering)

    1993-08-01

    Fatigue life has been estimated as a sum of crack initiation life and crack propagation life, by using a fracture dynamical method. In order to make the method more reliable, a method is being discussed to estimate a growth curve for fatigue cracks from notch bottom under a unified theoretical system without a need of introducing the presence of initial cracks. Subsequently to the previous report, this paper describes a fatigue test that uses CT test pieces with the notch bottom finished in arc, an investigation on initiation and propagation behaviors of micro cracks, and discussions on their possibilities. From a large number of findings obtained, an algorithm was proposed to estimate the crack growth curve in approximation. The proposal was made by introducing a hypothesis that the growth of compressed plastic region is restricted by such a barrier as crystal particle boundaries until a developed crack can reach the first crystal particle boundary when the effective loading is maintained constant. The estimated curves and the experimental results have agreed well with each other. Stagnating crack phenomenon at a notch bottom and coaxing effect were explained qualitatively. 30 refs., 24 figs.

  1. Project to support promotion of forming an environmentally friendly energy community. Survey report on 'a survey on feasibility of business to perform continually from RDF manufacturing mainly using industrial wastes to high-efficiency electric power generation in Fukui Prefecture'; Kankyo chowagata energy community keisei sokushin hojo jigyo. 'Fukuiken ni okeru sangyo haikibutsu wo chushin to shita RDF seizo kara kokoritsu hatsuden made wo ikkanshite okonau jigyo no kanosei chosa' chosa hokokusho

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1999-03-01

    Investigations and discussions were given on electric power generation business using as fuel the industrial wastes RDF composed of waste plastics having been manufactured in four blocks in Fukui Prefecture and sewage sludge. The investigations were carried out on estimation of quantity of the industrial wastes available in Fukui Prefecture and quantity of the industrial waste RDF supply, an optimal system for industrial waste RDF power generation, evaluation on economic effects, and environment improving effects. The result of the investigations revealed that the industrial waste RDF can be assured at 80 tons a day, which can make the power generation capacity 5000 kW. The industrial waste RDF manufacturing system adopts a chain type striking, crushing and drying equipment and a fluid bed combustion system. The ash melting system is a multi-phase alternating current system. This system is expected of enhancing the energy saving effect and the CO2 emission reducing effect. Economic effects were discussed on the industrial waste RDF manufacturing business and power generation business both on independent basis and continuous basis. Either case would require industrial waste RDF receiving fee. However, it was confirmed that the business can be realized on the continuous basis. (NEDO)

  2. Public subscription project for international joint research proposals in fiscal 2000 - public subscription of international proposal (Substitution No.2). Report on achievements in developing technologies to produce oil-alternative energies from fibrous material based biomass and industrial wastes; 2000 nendo kokusai kyodo kenkyu teian kobo jigyo - kokusai teian kobo (daitai No.2). Sen'ishitsukei biomass oyobi sangyo haikibutsu kara no sekiyu daitai energy seisan gijutsu no kaihatsu seika hokokusho

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2001-03-01

    Development has been advanced on technologies to manufacture methanol efficiently by combining a technology to convert selectively fibrous material based biomass into sugar under high concentration sulfuric acid condition with the immobilized enzyme flash fermentation process, both being developed in the United States. Activities have been taken in the following three fields: 1) establishment of an optimal biomass treatment condition by using concentrated sulfuric acid, 2) chromatographic separation of sugar and sulfuric acid, and 3) discussions on conditions to apply the immobilized enzyme flash fermentation process. In Item 1), discussions were given, using rice straw and waste woods as the object, on effects of biomass particle size, sulfuric acid to biomass feeding ratio, sulfuric acid concentration, reaction temperature and time on the cellulose to hemicellulose reaction ratio and the sugar conversion factor, whereas it was revealed that the governing factors are the biomass/sulfuric acid contact area and the reaction temperature. In Item 2), a chromatographic device filled with anion ion exchange resin was used to set the sugar recovery rate of 100% and the sulfuric acid recovery rate of 93%. (NEDO)

  3. Causes for "ghost" manifolds

    Science.gov (United States)

    Borok, S.; Goldfarb, I.; Gol'dshtein, V.

    2009-05-01

    The paper concerns intrinsic low-dimensional manifold (ILDM) method suggested in [Maas U, Pope SB. Simplifying chemical kinetics: intrinsic low-dimensional manifolds in composition space, combustion and flame 1992;88:239-64] for dimension reduction of models describing kinetic processes. It has been shown in a number of publications [Goldfarb I, Gol'dshtein V, Maas U. Comparative analysis of two asymptotic approaches based on integral manifolds. IMA J Appl Math 2004;69:353-74; Kaper HG, Kaper TJ, Asymptotic analysis of two reduction methods for systems of chemical reactions. Phys D 2002;165(1-2):66-93; Rhodes C, Morari M, Wiggins S. Identification of the low order manifolds: validating the algorithm of Maas and Pope. Chaos 1999;9(1):108-23] that the ILDM-method works successfully and the intrinsic low-dimensional manifolds belong to a small vicinity of invariant slow manifolds. The ILDM-method has a number of disadvantages. One of them is appearance of so-called "ghost"-manifolds, which do not have connection to the system dynamics [Borok S, Goldfarb I, Gol'dshtein V. "Ghost" ILDM - manifolds and their discrimination. In: Twentieth Annual Symposium of the Israel Section of the Combustion Institute, Beer-Sheva, Israel; 2004. p. 55-7; Borok S, Goldfarb I, Gol'dshtein V. About non-coincidence of invariant manifolds and intrinsic low-dimensional manifolds (ILDM). CNSNS 2008;71:1029-38; Borok S, Goldfarb I, Gol'dshtein V, Maas U. In: Gorban AN, Kazantzis N, Kevrekidis YG, Ottinger HC, Theodoropoulos C, editors. "Ghost" ILDM-manifolds and their identification: model reduction and coarse-graining approaches for multiscale phenomena. Berlin-Heidelberg-New York: Springer; 2006. p. 55-80; Borok S, Goldfarb I, Gol'dshtein V. On a modified version of ILDM method and its asymptotic analysis. IJPAM 2008; 44(1): 125-50; Bykov V, Goldfarb I, Gol'dshtein V, Maas U. On a modified version of ILDM approach: asymptotic analysis based on integral manifolds. IMA J Appl Math 2006

  4. GOLPH2基因敲除小鼠模型的建立及其基因型分析%Generation of GOLPH2 knock-out mouse and genotype analysis

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    肖鹏; 晏文君; 杜庆林; 马小京

    2015-01-01

    高尔基磷酸化蛋白2(Golgi phosphoprotein 2,GOLPH2)是一种与多种疾病密切相关的高尔基体膜蛋白,研究该蛋白的结构、功能、在正常组织和肿瘤组织中的表达调控机制及其与疾病的关系等具有十分重要的应用价值。文章采用转录激活样效应因子核酸酶(transcription activator‐like effector nuclease ,TALEN)技术完成GOL PH2基因敲除小鼠模型的构建及其基因型分析。通过 TALEN识别位点确定、TALEN 质粒对的设计与构建、TALEN体外转录、TALEN mRNA 受精卵注射及胚胎移植等技术手段和方法,获得编码GOL P H2序列出现移码的纯合子雄鼠(F0)。通过若干代繁殖稳定获得GOL P H2敲除纯合子小鼠。%Golgi phosphoprotein 2(GOLPH2) is a type II Golgi transmembrane protein related with many dis‐eases .The studies on the structure ,function ,mechanisms of its regulation in normal and neoplastic tissues , and its relation with diseases are of significance ,both in science and application .In this paper ,the generation of GOL PH2 knock‐out mouse by transcription activator‐like effector nuclease(TALEN ) technology and geno‐type analysis of it are reported .Male mice(F0 ) with frameshift of GOL PH2 are obtained by knock‐out site determination ,construction of TALEN plasmid , TALEN transcription in vitro , TALEN mRNA fertilized egg injection and embryo transplantation . Through continuous reproduction , homozygous mice with GOL PH2 knock‐out are steadily obtained .

  5. A lógica financeira e o espaço do transporte aéreo comercial Brasileiro Financial logics and the Brazilian aviation market

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Martin Mundo Neto

    2011-01-01

    Full Text Available Este estudo focou a dinâmica das forças em um espaço particular: o espaço do transporte aéreo comercial brasileiro. Utilizando-se dos conceitos propostos pela análise institucional das organizações e pela sociologia econômica, foram analisadas as estratégias das empresas que dominam este mercado - a TAM Linhas Aéreas e a GOL Linhas Aéreas - e algumas implicações para a estruturação atual. A partir das informações institucionais das empresas que dominam o mercado do transporte aéreo comercial brasileiro, de órgãos governamentais responsáveis pelo controle das atividades e daquelas veiculadas na imprensa de negócios, o estudo procurou indicar os atores responsáveis pela estruturação das empresas dominantes. As duas empresas operam tanto no espaço industrial original, transporte aéreo, como em mercado de capitais. O modelo de negócio da empresa GOL, notadamente a adesão aos investimentos de private equities, seria um dos fatores determinantes para a nova configuração deste espaço industrial. A TAM, no âmbito financeiro, adota estratégia semelhante à GOL. A recente crise aérea e a crise financeira impactaram fortemente as duas empresas, sobretudo no valor de suas ações.This study focuses on the power dynamic of a particular space: Brazilian Airlines Companies. Applying the concepts of Organizational Theory and Economic Sociology, it was possible to analyze the strategies of TAM and GOL airlines, which are companies that dominate the aviation market. Gathering institutional information from those companies, from government entities which control those companies' activities, and also from the business media, this study focused on indicating the social actors responsible for structuring these dominant companies. Both companies operate in the aviation market , but they also operate in the stock market. GOL business model, particularly the use of private equities tools, can be considered a determinant factor for the

  6. [Comparative analysis of sea-ice diatom species composition in the seas of Russian Arctic].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Il'iash, L V; Zhitina, L S

    2009-01-01

    Comparative analysis of species composition of ice diatom algae (IDA) of the White, Barents, Kara, Laptev, East Siberian, Chukchi Seas and the Basin of the Arctic Ocean was conducted on the basis of both original and published data. Species composition of IDA counts 567 taxa including 122 centric and 446 pennate diatoms. The freshwater algae composed about 18% of the total species number. In the White Sea, IDA were the most numerous (272 taxa), in the Kara Sea they are the least numerous (57 taxa). The species compositions in different seas differ significantly from each other. Similarity of IDA was consistent with the Arctic Ocean circulation and ice drift. IDA of Chukchi, East Siberian and Laptev Seas are the most similar, as are IDA of White and Kara Seas. Similarity of IDA of Chukchi Sea to those of other seas decrease in the west direction. IDA species differences between regions within one sea could be greater than those between different seas.

  7. Anthropogenic radioactivity in the Arctic Ocean--review of the results from the joint German project.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Nies, H; Harms, I H; Karcher, M J; Dethleff, D; Bahe, C

    1999-09-30

    The paper presents the results of the joint project carried out in Germany in order to assess the consequences in the marine environment from the dumping of nuclear wastes in the Kara and Barents Seas. The project consisted of experimental work on measurements of radionuclides in samples from the Arctic marine environment and numerical modelling of the potential pathways and dispersion of contaminants in the Arctic Ocean. Water and sediment samples were collected for determination of radionuclide such as 137Cs, 90Sr, 239 + 240Pu, 238Pu, and 241Am and various organic micropollutants. In addition, a few water and numerous surface sediment samples collected in the Kara Sea and from the Kola peninsula were taken by Russian colleagues and analysed for artificial radionuclide by the BSH laboratory. The role of transport by sea ice from the Kara Sea into the Arctic Ocean was assessed by a small subgroup at GEOMAR. This transport process might be considered as a rapid contribution due to entrainment of contaminated sediments into sea ice, following export from the Kara Sea into the transpolar ice drift and subsequent release in the Atlantic Ocean in the area of the East Greenland Current. Numerical modelling of dispersion of pollutants from the Kara and Barents Seas was carried out both on a local scale for the Barents and Kara Seas and for long range dispersion into the Arctic and Atlantic Oceans. Three-dimensional baroclinic circulation models were applied to trace the transport of pollutants. Experimental results were used to validate the model results such as the discharges from the nuclear reprocessing plant at Sellafield and subsequent contamination of the North Sea up the Arctic Seas.

  8. The Serbian Victories of 1914 (Les Victoires Serbes en 1914)

    Science.gov (United States)

    1934-01-01

    the struggle only when it learned that Price Peter Kara - georgevitch had placed himself at the head of the in- surgents. Hostilities commenced between...understand that this savage attitude of the invader gave to the struggle its true signi- ficance. What a powerful spur for this proud race with four...of Kara - oula (Hill 302). The center of the Sixth Army(XV Corps) had advanced on a wide front on both sides of the Savlaka-Valievo road. The 48th

  9. L’interrogation sur la compétence politique en 2007 : une question de genre ?

    OpenAIRE

    Olivesi, Aurélie

    2012-01-01

    La question de la compétence des candidats à l’élection présidentielle, largement évoquée dans le compte rendu médiatique de la campagne, concerne principalement, comme le révèle une analyse lexicale, Ségolène Royal et les autres femmes politiques – ce qui amène à s’interroger sur la place jouée par le genre dans ce questionnement. Or, par-delà l’usage stratégique de l’argument de genre par les soutiens et les opposants de Ségolène Royal (l’évocation de son identité féminine sert-elle à expli...

  10. Evaluation of the efficacy and safety of three dosing regimens of agalsidase alfa enzyme replacement therapy was underpowered

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ortiz A

    2015-11-01

    Full Text Available Alberto Ortiz,1,2 Maria Dolores Sanchez-Niño1,2 1Department of Nephrology, IIS-Fundacion Jimenez Diaz, School of Medicine, Universidad Autónoma de Madrid, 2Department of Nephrology, Instituto Reina Sofia de Investigación Nefrológica, Madrid, Spain We read with interest the report by Goláň et al on the “Evaluation of the efficacy and safety of three dosing regimens of agalsidase alfa enzyme replacement therapy in adults with Fabry disease”.1 Based on the reported results, the authors conclude that no efficacy or safety differences were found when the approved every-other-week (EOW dosage of agalsidase alfa was increased to weekly administration. However, the key question is whether the study, as designed and performed, could have had a different outcome. View original article by Goláň et al.

  11. Fast neutron flux analyzer with real-time digital pulse shape discrimination

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ivanova, A. A.; Zubarev, P. V.; Ivanenko, S. V.; Khilchenko, A. D.; Kotelnikov, A. I.; Polosatkin, S. V.; Puryga, E. A.; Shvyrev, V. G.; Sulyaev, Yu. S.

    2016-08-01

    Investigation of subthermonuclear plasma confinement and heating in magnetic fusion devices such as GOL-3 and GDT at the Budker Institute (Novosibirsk, Russia) requires sophisticated equipment for neutron-, gamma- diagnostics and upgrading data acquisition systems with online data processing. Measurement of fast neutron flux with stilbene scintillation detectors raised the problem of discrimination of the neutrons (n) from background cosmic particles (muons) and neutron-induced gamma rays (γ). This paper describes a fast neutron flux analyzer with real-time digital pulse-shape discrimination (DPSD) algorithm FPGA-implemented for the GOL-3 and GDT devices. This analyzer was tested and calibrated with the help of 137Cs and 252Cf radiation sources. The Figures of Merit (FOM) calculated for different energy cuts are presented.

  12. Activity of lactoperoxidase when adsorbed on protein layers

    OpenAIRE

    Haberska, Karolina; Svensson, Olof; Shleev, Sergey; Lindh, Liselott; Arnebrant, Thomas; Ruzgas, Tautgirdas

    2008-01-01

    Lactoperoxidase (LPO) is an enzyme, which is used as an antimicrobial agent in a number of applications, e.g., food technology. In the majority of applications LPO is added to a homogeneous product phase or immobilised on product surface. In the latter case, however, the measurements of LPO activity are seldom reported. In this paperwe have assessed LPO enzymatic activity on bare and protein modified gold surfaces by means of electrochemistry. It was found that LPO rapidly adsorbs to bare gol...

  13. TOXIC PYRROLIZIDINE ALKALOIDS OF ECHIUM AMOENUM FISCH. & MEY.

    OpenAIRE

    2006-01-01

    Toxic pyrrolizidine alkaloids are present in some species of Echium (Boraginaceae). In this study petals of Echium amoenum Fisch. & Mey. (Gol-e-Gavzaban) as a popular herbal medicine in Iran, were investigated for pyrrolizidine alkaloids (PAs). The alkaloids were separated and purified by preparative TLC and characterized by IR, one and two dimensional 1H and 13C-NMR and Mass spectroscopy. Four toxic alkaloids namely: echimidine I, echimidine isomer II, 7-angeloyl retronecine III and 7-ti...

  14. Microsporidiosis

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-06-01

    histochemically identifiable Gol- gi organelles indicate that they may be parasitically evolved degenerate protists,73,74 microtubule gene data75,76...A, Takvorian PM, Lewin S, et al. Brachiola vesicularum, n. g., n. sp., a new microsporidium associated with AIDS and myositis. J Eukaryot Microbiol...Duprat S, Cornillot E, et al. Genome sequence and gene compaction of the eukaryote parasite Encephalitozoon cuniculi. Nature. 2001;414:450-453. 72

  15. Amendment Selection and Process Monitoring for Soil Composting

    Science.gov (United States)

    1994-08-01

    spp. Bacillus 102-109 cfu I gol (US EPA, tion- (inclu es fac­ sPE’ (Aerobes) E. coli, Salmo- FSt 1985; US FDA, ultative ne la spp., Klebsiella spp...and facultative Salmonella spp., Klebsiella berg et al., anaerobes do not spp., Vibrio spp., Legionella 1992) tolerate oxygen, spp. ~rsinia spp... Wastewater 18th Edition. American Water Environment Federation. Hannover, Md. Hajna and Perry (1943) American Journal ofPublic Health. 33: 550 Horwitz, W

  16. ESPAÇO INDUSTRIAL VERSUS ESPAÇO FINANCEIRO:O TRANSPORTE AÉREO COMERCIAL BRASILEIRO COMO OBJETO DE ANÁLISE.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    MUNDO NETO,Martin

    2007-09-01

    Full Text Available In the modern society, the financial logic focused in the shareholder value had dominated thebusiness field (FLIGSTEIN, 2001. Using the economic sociology and institutional organizational analysisconcepts, we studied the dynamic of the powers in a particular social space: the Brazilian airline transport field.We studied the strategies of the firms that operate both in the original industrial field and in the financial one.Considering the institutional information from the two incumbents firms (TAM and GOL airlines and those fromthe business news, we try to identify the cognitive structures that make the differences between a firm that was bornin the influence of the industrial logic (TAM from that was born in financial logic time (GOL and how, this last,began to predict the priority of the strategies agenda both in the industrial field as in the financial one.Na sociedade moderna, a lógica financeira focada no valor dos acionistas estaria predominando noespaço empresarial (FLIGSTEIN, 2001. Utilizando-se dos conceitos propostos pela sociologia econômica e pelaanálise institucional das organizações, estudamos a dinâmica das forças em um espaço social particular: o espaçodo transporte aéreo comercial brasileiro. Estudamos as estratégias das empresas que operam tanto no seu espaçoindustrial original como no espaço financeiro. Considerando as informações institucionais das duas empresasdominantes (TAM e GOL linhas aéreas e aquelas veiculadas na impresa de negócios, procuramos indentificaras estruturas cognitivas que diferenciam uma empresa nascida sob a lógica industrial (TAM daquela criada sobpredomínio da lógica financeira (GOL e como, esta última, passa a ditar a agenda de prioridades estratégicas tanto no espaço industrial como no financeiro.

  17. THE EVOLUTION OF SMALL LAKE BASINS IN THE GOBI DESERT IN MONGOLIA

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    J.Grunert; C.Stolz; N.Hempelmann; A.Hilgers; D.Hulle; F.Lehmkuhl; T.Felauer; D.Dasch

    2009-01-01

    In order to investigate pluvial lakes in the Gobi two places were selected for field studies:Khongoryn Els in South-and Mongol Eis in West-Mongolia.In the eastern and central parts of Khongoryn gls two small endorheic basins,Bayan Tukhem and Khongoryn Gol depressions were studied.Pluvial lake deposits and beach ridges both supposedly mid-Holocene in age give evidence of a 9m and a 15m deep freshwater lake,respectively.Today both depressions are nearly dried out and exposed to wind deflation.A different situation was found at Uujin Sair river valley which cuts through the dune field at its lowest and narrowest(3 kin)part.Here,a 22.5 m thick fossil accumulation of at least 20 layers of fine sand (dune sand)alternating with silt(fluvial playa sediment)was exposed and OSL dated.12 dates ranging between 14ka and 17ka reveal the accumulation as Late Glacial which correlates well with the aridity at that time reported for Central Asia by several authors.Interpreting the dates it seems obvious that the whole sediment was quickly deposited in a period of about 16ka,and shortly after dissected by the Uujin Sair during a similar short time due to increasing humidity of the elimate.Another situation was found at the eastern rim of Mongol Els.Two rivers,Shurgiyn Gol and Zavran Gol are impinging here on the high dunes which have damed both rivers in the past.A younger,shallow lake existed during mid-Holocene (14C-dated to some 5.5ka)and a large,17m deep lake(14C-dated to some 39ka)probably during stage 4.Expected OSL dates will hopefully support this hypothesis.Anyhow,the palaeogeography of the dune field was different from today;it moved eastward daming the large river Shurgiyn Gol.

  18. EARLIEST TRIASSIC CONODONTS FROM CHITRAL, NORTHERNMOST PAKISTAN

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    MARIA CRISTINA PERRI

    2004-07-01

    Full Text Available Extensive tracts of very shallow water carbonates in the valleys of the Yarkhun and Mastuj rivers of Chitral (northernmost Pakistan previously though to be Permian (or Cretaceous are shown by conodonts from two horizons in sequences 110 km apart—near Torman Gol (Mastuj valley and near Sakirmul (upper Yarkhun valley—to include earliest Triassic (Scythian—Induan horizons. Both faunas have Isarcicella staeschei Dai & Zhang, Is. lobata Perri, Is. turgida (Kozur et al. and Hindeodus parvus (Kozur & Pjatakova, whereas Is. Isarcica (Huckriede has been recognised only in the Torman Gol occurrence. The presence, respectively, of Is. staeschei in the Sakirmul and Is. isarcica in the Torman Gol occurrences, allows discrimination of the staeschei and isarcica zones respectively the third and the fourth conodont biozones of the Early Triassic conodont biozonation of Perri (in Perri & Farabegoli 2003. Such faunas, consisting mainly of isarcicellids and hindeodids but lacking gondolellids, are characteristic of restricted sea environments across the Permian–Triassic boundary and in the earliest Triassic in other Tethyan areas. The conodont faunas from these two occurrences are remarkably similar, nearly contemporaneous, and indicate shallow water biofacies. They are inferred to equate with the Ailak Dolomite, a sequence of Late Permian–?Late Triassic dolostones discriminated farther up the Yarkhun valley and extending eastwards into the upper Hunza region of northernmost Pakistan. The Zait Limestone and Sakirmul carbonate sequence are consistent with extension of the previously inferred Triassic carbonate platform at least 110 km farther to the SW than previously supposed.

  19. Synthesis and characterization of bimetallic nanocatalysts and their application in selective hydrogenation of citral to unsaturated alcohols

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    S A Ananthan; R Suresh; K Giribabu; V Narayanan

    2013-11-01

    TiO2-supported bimetallic nanocatalysts were prepared and reduced at two different temperatures, 375°C and 575°C for selective hydrogenation of citral to corresponding unsaturated alcohols (geraniol (GOL) and nerol (NOL)). The nanocatalysts were characterized by difference techniques of Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy (FT-IR), Brunauer, Emmett and Teller (BET) surface area measurement, scanning electron microscopy (SEM), Energy Dispersive X-ray Analysis (EDAX), transmission electron microscopy (TEM), X-ray diffraction (XRD) and X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (XPS). The prepared nanocatalysts are uniformly dispersed with an average particle size of 50-100 nm and zero valence metallic state. Catalysts reduced at higher temperature lead to an increase in selectivity toward unsaturated alcohols (GOL and NOL). The Pt-Ru/TiO2 shows higher activity compared to Pt-Pd/TiO2 and Pt-Au/TiO2 nanocatalysts. In addition, a second metal (Ru) also leads to an increase in GOL and NOL selectivity during citral hydrogenation. Partially generated oxidized second metal species due to the difference in electronegativity, strongly binds the C=O group and also paves the way for selective activation of C=O bond.

  20. Vtoroje prishestvije Mastera / Valeri Kitshin

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Kitshin, Valeri

    2006-01-01

    10-seerialine teleseriaal "Meister ja Margarita", režissöör Vladimir Bortko Mihhail Bulgakovi samanimelise romaani järgi. Uut seriaali võrreldakse 13 aastat tagasi tehtud Juri Kara samanimelise filmiga, mis seni pole ekraanile jõudnud. Võrdlus on viimase kasuks

  1. Black Carbon Sources Constrained by Observations in the Russian High Arctic.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Popovicheva, Olga B; Evangeliou, Nikolaos; Eleftheriadis, Konstantinos; Kalogridis, Athina C; Sitnikov, Nikolay; Eckhardt, Sabine; Stohl, Andreas

    2017-04-04

    Understanding the role of short-lived climate forcers such as black carbon (BC) at high northern latitudes in climate change is hampered by the scarcity of surface observations in the Russian Arctic. In this study, highly time-resolved Equivalent BC (EBC) measurements during a ship campaign in the White, Barents, and Kara Seas in October 2015 are presented. The measured EBC concentrations are compared with BC concentrations simulated with a Lagrangian particle dispersion model coupled with a recently completed global emission inventory to quantify the origin of the Arctic BC. EBC showed increased values (100-400 ng m(-3)) in the Kara Strait, Kara Sea, and Kola Peninsula and an extremely high concentration (1000 ng m(-3)) in the White Sea. Assessment of BC origin throughout the expedition showed that gas-flaring emissions from the Yamal-Khanty-Mansiysk and Nenets-Komi regions contributed the most when the ship was close to the Kara Strait, north of 70° N. Near Arkhangelsk (White Sea), biomass burning in mid-latitudes, surface transportation, and residential and commercial combustion from Central and Eastern Europe were found to be important BC sources. The model reproduced observed EBC concentrations efficiently, building credibility in the emission inventory for BC emissions at high northern latitudes.

  2. Vsja Koroljovskaja rat / Valeria Gorelova

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Gorelova, Valeria

    2007-01-01

    Filmid, mis kõnelevad nõukogude teadlastest Sergei Koroljovist, Andrei Bashkirtsevist ja Konstantin Tsiolkovskist ning esimesest kosmonaudist, Juri Gagarinist : Daniil Hrabrovitski "Tule taltsutamine" (1972), Boris Grigorjevi "Nii algas legend" (1976), Savva Kulishi "Lendutõus" (1979) ja Juri Kara "Korolev" (2006)

  3. Vsja Koroljovskaja rat / Valeria Gorelova

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Gorelova, Valeria

    2007-01-01

    Filmid, mis kõnelevad nõukogude teadlastest Sergei Koroljovist, Andrei Bashkirtsevist ja Konstantin Tsiolkovskist ning esimesest kosmonaudist, Juri Gagarinist : Daniil Hrabrovitski "Tule taltsutamine" (1972), Boris Grigorjevi "Nii algas legend" (1976), Savva Kulishi "Lendutõus" (1979) ja Juri Kara "Korolev" (2006)

  4. Rezhissjor Vladimir Bortko : slozhnjeje "Mastera i Margaritõ" ne bõlo nitshego / Vladimir Bortko ; interv. Dmitri Bõkov

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Bortko, Vladimir

    2006-01-01

    Režissöör oma teleseriaalist "Meister ja Margarita" M. Bulgakovi romaani järgi. Lisatud Juri Kara sama romaani ekraanile siiani pääsemata variandis osalenud näitlejate Nikolai Burljajevi, Valentin Gafti ja Viktor Pavlovi arvamusi uuest seriaalist

  5. Gagarin ja Mir - 21. sajandi filmikangelased

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    2000-01-01

    Oma uues mängufilmis "Finalnoje puteshestvije" kavatseb režissöör Juri Kara filmida osa stseene orbitaaljaamas "Mir", milleks näitleja Vladimir Steklov valmistub juba pool aastat Tähelinnas treenides.. Samuti plaanivad ameeriklased mängufilmi Juri Gagarini elust

  6. Vtoroje prishestvije Mastera / Valeri Kitshin

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Kitshin, Valeri

    2006-01-01

    10-seerialine teleseriaal "Meister ja Margarita", režissöör Vladimir Bortko Mihhail Bulgakovi samanimelise romaani järgi. Uut seriaali võrreldakse 13 aastat tagasi tehtud Juri Kara samanimelise filmiga, mis seni pole ekraanile jõudnud. Võrdlus on viimase kasuks

  7. Pelevini ja Bulgakovi mängib üle Tšernobõl / Jaanus Piirsalu

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Piirsalu, Jaanus, 1973-

    2011-01-01

    Venemaal ekraanile jõudnud Viktor Ginzburgi filmist "Generation "P"" ja Juri Kara filmist "Meister ja Margarita" (1994). Tšernobõli tuumajaama katastroofist rääkivast Aleksandr Mindadze filmist "Laupäeval". Peatselt valmib film Vladimir Võssotskist. Stsenaariumi on kirjutanud Nikita Võssotski

  8. Pelevini ja Bulgakovi mängib üle Tšernobõl / Jaanus Piirsalu

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Piirsalu, Jaanus, 1973-

    2011-01-01

    Venemaal ekraanile jõudnud Viktor Ginzburgi filmist "Generation "P"" ja Juri Kara filmist "Meister ja Margarita" (1994). Tšernobõli tuumajaama katastroofist rääkivast Aleksandr Mindadze filmist "Laupäeval". Peatselt valmib film Vladimir Võssotskist. Stsenaariumi on kirjutanud Nikita Võssotski

  9. Low-Level Wind Systems in the Warsaw Pact Countries.

    Science.gov (United States)

    1985-03-01

    May 1967. Bossolasco, Marto, The Foehn of the Italian Alps, Atti Del Primo Convegno Internazionale di Meteorologia Alpina, Milano, pp. 62-66, 1950... Meteorologia , Vol. 4, No. 1-2, pp. 11-12, Jan/Apr 195’ Prib, Z.M., Climate Outline of the Kara Sea, Transactions of the Arctic Scientific Research Institute

  10. Optimal Recovery Trajectories for Automatic Ground Collision Avoidance Systems (Auto GCAS)

    Science.gov (United States)

    2015-03-01

    teaching the Colonel how to program. Kara Greene, Nidal Jodeh, Emily Knight, and Jeremy Agte kept me sane, fed, caffeinated , and laughing even when...then presented in Chapter III, followed by a 2-D exam - ple. Chapter IV presents how to formulate the path constraint and cost functional of the 3-D

  11. Modifying Resilience Mechanisms in At-Risk Individuals: A Controlled Study of Mindfulness Training in Marines Preparing for Deployment

    Science.gov (United States)

    2014-01-01

    acknowledge the assistance of Christopher Demuro, Karl Van Orden, Sante Kotturi, Akanksha Shukla , Leila El-kara, John Schaldach, Robert Skidmore, Matt...Potterat EG, Taylor MK , Van Orden KF, Bauman J, Momen N, Padilla GA, Swain JL: A neuroscience approach to optimizing brain resources for human performance

  12. PENDEKATAN SOSIAL-EKOLOGI UNTUK PENILAIAN KESESUAIAN LOKASI RESTOCKING LOBSTER PASIR Panulirus homarus (Linnaeus, 1758 PADA BEBERAPA PERAIRAN DI INDONESIA

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Amula Nurfiarini

    2016-11-01

    yang sama. Jika dibandingkan dengan kriteria pengambilan keputusan terhadap tingkat kesesuaian habitat, menunjukkan sebanyak 17 lokasi berada pada kategori kelayakan tinggi, dan 11 lokasi kategori kelayakan sedang. Prioritas lokasi restocking, terpilih tiga lokasi dengan nilai kelayakan tertinggi yakni perairan Batu Karas dan Pananjung Barat (Pangandaran, serta Perairan Karang Asem (Trenggalek.

  13. Cu vi parolas Esperante?

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Andrzej; Pettyn

    2000-01-01

    LA DEKKVARA LEOIONOMi havas por vi surprizon—Barbara:Bonan matenon!—Petro:Bonan matenon,mia kara!—B Mi havas pot vi surprizon.—P:Viiam havas pot mi surprizojn.—B:Sed hodiaǔ mi parolas treserioze."Okaze de via naskitago ak-

  14. Accuracy of 10 m Winds from Satellites and NWP Products Near Land-Sea Boundaries

    Science.gov (United States)

    2008-01-01

    AUTHOR(S) Ahmet Birol Kara, Alan J. Wallcraft, Charlie N. Barron, Harley E. Hurlburt 5d. PROJECT NUMBER 5e. TASK NUMBER 5f. WORK UNIT NUMBER...Principles of Geographical Information Systems, 333 pp., Oxford Univ. Press, New York. Capet, X. J., P. Marchcsiello, and J. C. McWilliams (2004

  15. Impacts of Freshwater on the Seasonal Variations of Surface Salinity and Circulation in the Caspian Sea

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    Author’s personal copy Impacts of freshwater on the seasonal variations of surface salinity and circulation in the Caspian Sea A. Birol Kara a, Alan ...circulation. Izv. Atmos. Ocean. Phys. 44, 236–249. Large, W.G., Danabasoglu, G., Doney, S.C., McWilliams , J.C., 1997. Sensitivity to surface forcing and

  16. Optimizing Surface Winds using QuikSCAT Measurements in the Mediterranean Sea During 2000-2006

    Science.gov (United States)

    2009-02-28

    r.com/ locate / jmarsysOptimizing surface winds using QuikSCAT measurements in the Mediterranean Sea during 2000–2006 A. Birol Kara a,⁎, Alan J...flux algorithms. J. Geophys. Res. 113, C04009. doi:10.1029/2007JC004324. Large, W.G., Danabasoglu, G., Doney, S.C., McWilliams , J.C., 1997

  17. Value of Bulk Heat Flux Parameterizations for Ocean SST Prediction

    Science.gov (United States)

    2008-03-01

    Value of bulk heat flux parameterizations for ocean SST prediction Alan J. Wallcraft a,⁎, A. Birol Kara a, Harley E. Hurlburt a, Eric P. Chassignet b...G., Doney, S.C., McWilliams , J.C., 1997. Sensitivity to surface forcing and boundary layer mixing in a global ocean model: annual-mean climatology. J

  18. Rezhissjor Vladimir Bortko : slozhnjeje "Mastera i Margaritõ" ne bõlo nitshego / Vladimir Bortko ; interv. Dmitri Bõkov

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Bortko, Vladimir

    2006-01-01

    Režissöör oma teleseriaalist "Meister ja Margarita" M. Bulgakovi romaani järgi. Lisatud Juri Kara sama romaani ekraanile siiani pääsemata variandis osalenud näitlejate Nikolai Burljajevi, Valentin Gafti ja Viktor Pavlovi arvamusi uuest seriaalist

  19. Training Methods and Tactical Decision-Making Simulations

    Science.gov (United States)

    2007-09-01

    leader in and outside the military context. In a 1981 study examining leadership styles of military officers in Viet Nam, Gabriel and Savage assert...6. Marine Corps Tactical Systems Support Activity (Attn: Operations Officer) Camp Pendleton, California 7. Kara Harp Okulu Savunma Bilimleri

  20. USSR Report, Military Affairs: Aviation and Cosmonautics, No. 8. August 1984

    Science.gov (United States)

    2007-11-02

    together with those who created and developed them, who carried them through the crucible of savage battles, penning vivid pages in the fighting...to the alpine meadows of the Kara -Say Valley of Kirghizia during warm days in May 1979« And then unexpectedly they were caught in the mountains by a

  1. Efficacy of Adjunct Sleep Interventions for PTSD (EASI-PTSD)

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-03-01

    10. C. W. Hoge et al., N Engl. J. Med 351, 13 (2004). 11. M. Y. Agargun, H. Kara , Compr Psychiatry 39, 149 (1998). 12. American Psychiatric...posttraumatic stress disorder: a functional MRI study. Bioi Psychiatry 2000;47(9):769-76. 55. Rauch SL, van der Kolk BA, Fisler RE, Alpert NM, Orr SP, Savage

  2. JPRS Report, West Europe.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2007-11-02

    on the gaps in the proposals of the Left. If he wins that fight, it will mean a politically weak majority but also a savage attack against... Kara - maounas, in Volos by G. Vlamopoulos and in Lesvos by G. Simos. In the elections of 16 November 1952 EDA did not elect a deputy because the

  3. The US Response to China’s ASAT Test: An International Security Space Alliance for the Future (Drew Paper Number 8, August 2009)

    Science.gov (United States)

    2009-08-01

    my beautiful wife, Danielle, and my two adorable children, Mikel and André, who routinely demonstrated tremendous patience and understanding during...oai/oai?& verb =getRecord&metadataPrefix=html &identifier=ADA466602. Karas, Thomas H. Implication of Space Technology for Strategic Nuclear

  4. Should I Say Something? Dating and Sexual Aggression Bystander Intervention among High School Youth. National Issue Brief Number 92

    Science.gov (United States)

    Edwards, Katie M.; Eckstein, Robert P.; Rodenhizer-Stämpfli , Kara Anne

    2015-01-01

    Using data from a sample of 218 high school youth from three high schools in New England (one rural, two urban), this brief discusses dating and sexual aggression bystander intervention among high school youth. Authors Katie Edwards, Robert Eckstein, and Kara Anne Rodenhizer-Stämpfli report that an overwhelming majority (93.6 percent) of high…

  5. Music Activities for Lemonade in Winter

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cardany, Audrey Berger

    2014-01-01

    "Lemonade in Winter: A Book About Two Kids Counting Money" is a children's book about math; however, when sharing it in the music classroom, street cries and clapping games emerge. Jenkins' and Karas' book provides a springboard to lessons addressing several music elements, including form, tempo, and rhythm, as well as…

  6. Impact of Data Assimilation And Resolution On Modeling The Gulf Stream Pathway

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-11-18

    Kara, A.B., A.J. Wallcraft, P. J., Martin, and R.L. Pauley, “Optimizing surface winds using QuikSCAT measurements in the Mediterranean Sea during 2000–2006.” Journal of Marine Systems , 78, pp.119–131, 2009. 316

  7. Discovering Their Voices: Engaging Adolescent Girls with Young Adult Literature

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sprague, Marsha M.; Keeling, Kara K.

    2007-01-01

    Authors Marsha M. Sprague and Kara K. Keeling propose a language arts curriculum that incorporates literature-based discussions to help adolescent girls deal constructively with difficult issues and develop their own authentic voices. To help put such a curriculum into action, this book offers the following resources: (1) A research base to frame…

  8. Ribonuclease activity of buckwheat plant (Fagopyrum esculentum cultivars with different sensitivities to buckwheat burn virus

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Y. R. Sindarovska

    2014-06-01

    Full Text Available Ribonucleases (RNases are present in base-level amounts in intact plants, but this level is able to increase greatly under stress conditions. The possible cause for such an increase is protection against plant RNA-virus attack. Buckwheat burn virus (BBV is a highly virulent pathogen that belongs to Rhabdoviridae family. In our study, we have analyzed the correlation between RNase activity and resistance of different buckwheat cultivars to BBV infection. Two cultivars, Kara-Dag and Roksolana, with different sensitivities to BBV have been used. Kara-Dag is a cultivar with medium sensitivity to virus and Roksolana is a tolerant cultivar. It has been shown that the base level of RNase activity in Roksolana cultivar was in most cases higher than the corresponding parameter in Kara-Dag cultivar. Both infected and uninfected plants of Roksolana cultivar demonstrated high RNase activity during two weeks. Whereas infected plants of Kara-Dag cultivar demonstrated unstable levels of RNase activity. Significant decline in RNase activity was detected on the 7th day post infection with subsequent gradual increase in RNase activity. Decline of the RNase activity during the first week could promote the virus replication and therefore more successful infection of upper leaves of plants. Unstable levels of RNase activity in infected buckwheat plants may be explained by insufficiency of virus-resistant mechanisms that determines the medium sensitivity of the cultivar to BBV. Thus, plants of buckwheat cultivar having less sensitivity to virus, displayed in general higher RNase activity.

  9. Arctic whaling : proceedings of the International Symposium Arctic Whaling February 1983

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Jacob, H.K. s'; Snoeijing, K

    1984-01-01

    Contents: D.M. Hopkins and Louie Marincovich Jr. Whale Biogeography and the history of the Arctic Basin P.M. Kellt, J.H.W. Karas and L.D. Williams Arctic Climate: Past, Present and Future Torgny E. Vinje On the present state and the future fate of the Arctic sea ice cover P.J.H. van Bree On the biol

  10. Ribonuclease activity of buckwheat plant (Fagopyrum esculentum) cultivars with different sensitivities to buckwheat burn virus.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sindarovska, Y R; Guzyk, O I; Yuzvenko, L V; Demchenko, O A; Didenko, L F; Grynevych, O I; Spivak, M Ya

    2014-01-01

    Ribonucleases (RNases) are present in base-level amounts in intact plants, but this level is able to increase greatly under stress conditions. The possible cause for such an increase is protection against plant RNA-virus attack. Buckwheat burn virus (BBV) is a highly virulent pathogen that belongs to Rhabdoviridae family. In our study, we have analyzed the correlation between RNase activity and resistance of different buckwheat cultivars to BBV infection. Two cultivars, Kara-Dag and Roksolana, with different sensitivities to BBV have been used. Kara-Dag is a cultivar with medium sensitivity to virus and Roksolana is a tolerant cultivar. It has been shown that the base level of RNase activity in Roksolana cultivar was in most cases higher than the corresponding parameter in Kara-Dag cultivar. Both infected and uninfected plants of Roksolana cultivar demonstrated high RNase activity during two weeks. Whereas infected plants of Kara-Dag cultivar demonstrated unstable levels of RNase activity. Significant decline in RNase activity was detected on the 7th day post infection with subsequent gradual increase in RNase activity. Decline of the RNase activity during the first week could promote the virus replication and therefore more successful infection of upper leaves of plants. Unstable levels of RNase activity in infected buckwheat plants may be explained by insufficiency of virus-resistant mechanisms that determines the medium sensitivity of the cultivar to BBV. Thus, plants of buckwheat cultivar having less sensitivity to virus, displayed in general higher RNase activity.

  11. Ride or Die

    Science.gov (United States)

    Denmead, Tyler; Brown, Ruth-Nicole

    2014-01-01

    In this Instructional Resource, Denmead and Brown consider how "Ruffneck Constructivists," an exhibition curated by Kara Walker at the Institute for Contemporary Art (ICA), University of Pennsylvania, can disturb and provoke young creatives and art education more broadly. For this exhibition, Walker draws on the figure that MC Lyte…

  12. Out of Nature: Why Drugs from Plants Matter to the Future of Humanity

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Kris Gremillion

    2013-06-01

    Full Text Available Review of Out of Nature: Why Drugs from Plants Matter to the Future of Humanity. Kara Rogers. 2012. The University of Arizona Press, Tucson. Pp. 216. $19.95 (paper. ISBN 978-0-8165-2969-8.

  13. Radiological impact assessment within the IAEA Arctic Assessment Project (IASAP)

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Scott, E.M.; Gurbutt, P.; Harmes, I.;

    1998-01-01

    As part of the International Arctic Seas Assessment Project (IASAP) of IAEA, a working group was created to model the dispersal and transfer of radionuclides released from radioactive waste disposed of in the Kara Sea and bays of Novaya Zemlya and to assess the radiological impact. Existing models...

  14. An Annotated Checklist of the Anopheles of Thailand (Diptera : Culicidae) (Thai National Scientific Papers, Fauna Series Number 2)

    Science.gov (United States)

    1968-08-01

    Discussion: In most urban and agricultura ! areas of Thailand this is the most abundant Anopheles species encountered. The larvae are found in wide variety of...Entomological Society of America : Washington.) TAUSATHIT. Prasit, TH \\vAR:\\v.\\R\\, Bunyong, CH YL~IVYOO, Skol. and KAMPANARDSAENY~KARA. Chaiyan (1962

  15. Functioning of the planktonic ecosystem of the Rhone River plume (NW Mediterranean during spring and its impact on the carbon export: a field data and 3-D modelling combined approach

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    P. A. Auger

    2010-12-01

    Full Text Available Low-salinity water (LSW, Salinity < 37.5 lenses detached from the Rhone River plume under specific wind conditions tend to favour the biological productivity and potentially a transfer of energy to higher trophic levels on the Gulf of Lions (GoL. A field cruise conducted in May 2006 (BIOPRHOFI followed some LSW lenses by using a lagrangian strategy. A thorough analysis of the available data set enabled to further improve our understanding of the LSW lenses' functioning and their potential influence on marine ecosystems. Through an innovative 3-D coupled hydrodynamic-biogeochemical modelling approach, a specific calibration dedicated to river plume ecosystems was then proposed and validated on field data. Exploring the role of ecosystems on the particulate organic carbon (POC export and deposition on the shelf, a sensitivity analysis to the particulate organic matter inputs from the Rhone River was carried out from 1 April to 15 July 2006. Over such a typical end-of-spring period marked by moderate floods, the main deposition area of POC was identified alongshore between 0 and 50 m depth on the GoL, extending the Rhone prodelta to the west towards the exit of the shelf. Moreover, the main deposition area of terrestrial POC was found on the prodelta region, which confirms recent results from sediment data. The averaged daily deposition of particulate organic carbon over the whole GoL is estimated by the model between 40 and 80 mgC/m2, which is in the range of previous secular estimations. The role of ecosystems on the POC export toward sediments or offshore areas was actually highlighted and feedbacks between ecosystems and particulate organic matters are proposed to explain paradoxical model results to the sensitivity test. In fact, the conversion of organic matter in living organisms would increase the retention of organic matter in the food web and this matter transfer along the food web could explain the minor quantity of POC of

  16. Discoloration of the mucosa caused by different restorative materials - a spectrophotometric in vitro study.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ioannidis, Alexis; Cathomen, Elena; Jung, Ronald E; Fehmer, Vincent; Hüsler, Jürg; Thoma, Daniel S

    2017-09-01

    To evaluate the discoloration of the mucosa caused by different ceramic and metal-based materials. On six pig maxillae, trap-door flaps were prepared bilaterally. Different ceramic and metal-based specimens were placed underneath the flap. To simulate increasing mucosal thicknesses (MC), connective tissue grafts (CTGs) were harvested. Spectrophotometric measurements were performed prior to flap elevation (TBL ) and for each material under the flap alone (1 mm MC) (TMC1 ), with a 1-mm CTG (2-mm MC) (TMC2 ) and with a 2-mm CTG (3-mm MC) (TMC3 ). Tested materials were as follows: Zr1 (zirconia), Zr2 (zirconia + pink ceramic), Zr3 (zirconia), Zr4 (fluorescent zirconia), Zr5 (zirconia), Zr6 (high translucent zirconia), Zr7 (low translucent zirconia) and Zr8 (low translucent zirconia), Gol (gold alloy), Ti1 (titanium alloy), Ti2 (anodized gold-shaded titanium alloy) and Ti3 (anodized pink-shaded titanium alloy). Color differences (ΔE) were calculated comparing the measurement of the native tissue (TBL ) and the measurements with varying mucosal thicknesses (TMC1-3 ). For ceramic materials, the median ΔE values for the different time-point comparison ranged as follows: 3.80 (Zr4) - 7.47 (Zr2) (pooled); 3.15 (Zr4) - 8.13 (Zr2) (TBL -TMC1 ); 3.39 (Zr4) - 7.24 (Zr2) (TBL -TMC2 ); 4.31 (Zr8) - 6.99 (Zr2) (TBL -TMC3 ). For metal-based materials, the median ΔE values were as follows: 4.20 (Gol) - 5.82 (Ti3) (pooled); 3.21 (Gol) - 13.56 (Ti1) (TBL -TCM1 ); 4.0 (Ti1) - 5.27 (Gol) (TBL -TCM2 ); 3.11 (Ti1) - 5.11 (Gol) (TBL -TCM2 ). The comparison of the materials and the time points showed in the nonparametric linear mixed model a significant interaction effect between material and time point (P materials result in an evident discoloration of the mucosal tissue, tending to decrease with increasing mucosal thickness. The use of fluorescent zirconia (ceramic materials) or gold alloy (metal-based materials) lead to the least discoloration. © 2016 John Wiley & Sons A

  17. Expression of genes for the biosynthesis of compatible solutes during pollen development under heat stress in tomato (Solanum lycopersicum).

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sangu, E; Tibazarwa, F I; Nyomora, A; Symonds, R C

    2015-04-15

    Accumulation of compatible solutes is considered a key adaptation mechanism in many plants in response to abiotic stress. The expression of four genes, involved in sucrose metabolism (SPS and SuSy), biosynthesis of galactinol (GoLS1) and proline accumulation (P5CS) was compared: at meiosis (MM), vacuolated and mature stages of pollen development in heat tolerant and heat sensitive tomato genotypes. The results showed differences in gene expression across tomato genotypes and stages of pollen development. Three genes (P5CS, SPS and SuSy) were up regulated in heat tolerant genotype CLN1621L at the mature stage and one gene (P5CS) in genotype CLN5915-93D at the MM stage. Two genes (SPS and GoLS1) were down regulated in heat sensitive genotype CA4 and one gene (GoLS1) in genotype CLN2498E at the MM stage. Additionally, the continuous exposure of tomato genotypes to temperatures of 35 °C/28 °C day/night completely impaired flower development in genotypes CA4 and CLN2498E but not in genotypes CLN1621L and CLN5915-93D. Tomato genotypes CLN1621L and CLN5915-93D produced fully developed flowers containing mixture of non viable pollens and very few viable pollens grains. Membrane permeability was affected at all stages of development under heat stress with heat tolerant genotypes CL5915-93D4, CLN2498E and CLN1621L showing varying degrees of heat acclimation. Significant increases in total chlorophyll were seen in all genotypes in response to heat stress. The expression of compatible solute genes at MM is more critical than at mature stage for the development of viable pollen grain. Copyright © 2015 Elsevier GmbH. All rights reserved.

  18. Coupled atmosphere-ocean-wave simulations of a storm event over the Gulf of Lion and Balearic Sea

    Science.gov (United States)

    Renault, Lionel; Chiggiato, Jacopo; Warner, John C.; Gomez, Marta; Vizoso, Guillermo; Tintore, Joaquin

    2012-01-01

    The coastal areas of the North-Western Mediterranean Sea are one of the most challenging places for ocean forecasting. This region is exposed to severe storms events that are of short duration. During these events, significant air-sea interactions, strong winds and large sea-state can have catastrophic consequences in the coastal areas. To investigate these air-sea interactions and the oceanic response to such events, we implemented the Coupled Ocean-Atmosphere-Wave-Sediment Transport Modeling System simulating a severe storm in the Mediterranean Sea that occurred in May 2010. During this event, wind speed reached up to 25 m.s-1 inducing significant sea surface cooling (up to 2°C) over the Gulf of Lion (GoL) and along the storm track, and generating surface waves with a significant height of 6 m. It is shown that the event, associated with a cyclogenesis between the Balearic Islands and the GoL, is relatively well reproduced by the coupled system. A surface heat budget analysis showed that ocean vertical mixing was a major contributor to the cooling tendency along the storm track and in the GoL where turbulent heat fluxes also played an important role. Sensitivity experiments on the ocean-atmosphere coupling suggested that the coupled system is sensitive to the momentum flux parameterization as well as air-sea and air-wave coupling. Comparisons with available atmospheric and oceanic observations showed that the use of the fully coupled system provides the most skillful simulation, illustrating the benefit of using a fully coupled ocean-atmosphere-wave model for the assessment of these storm events.

  19. 干化学法测定血浆氨的全自动分析

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    刘怀萍; 庞国菊

    2002-01-01

    To establish simple delicate and quick methods of detecting Ammonia in plasma. Methods This press is relative assay about Vitros DT6011 (this is a auto biochem is try analysis - instrument and was made in USA). Results Dry chemistry method had good repeat, inside group CV is 3.64%, 1.08%and between group CV IS 5.70%, 1.19%Line range can be 500μgol/L. Conclusion The dry chemistry method is a very simple and delicate method to assay Ammonia in plasma.

  20. TOXIC PYRROLIZIDINE ALKALOIDS OF ECHIUM AMOENUM FISCH. & MEY.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    MITRA MEHRABANI

    2006-06-01

    Full Text Available Toxic pyrrolizidine alkaloids are present in some species of Echium (Boraginaceae. In this study petals of Echium amoenum Fisch. & Mey. (Gol-e-Gavzaban as a popular herbal medicine in Iran, were investigated for pyrrolizidine alkaloids (PAs. The alkaloids were separated and purified by preparative TLC and characterized by IR, one and two dimensional 1H and 13C-NMR and Mass spectroscopy. Four toxic alkaloids namely: echimidine I, echimidine isomer II, 7-angeloyl retronecine III and 7-tigloyl retronecine IV were identified.

  1. A renewable energy strategy for Lao PDR

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Milattanapheng, Chantho; Sysoulath, Hatsady; Green, Joanta; Kurukulasuriya, Mahinda

    2010-09-15

    The Government of Lao PDR (GoL) has set up the vision to 2020 ''to secure an adequate power supply throughout the country to facilitate national socio-economic development objectives in an environmentally sustainable manner''. To ensure achieving this goal, the government institutions have introduced various policies and strategies for supporting energy sector development. Lao PDR is in the process of developing a renewable energy strategy. A renewable energy strategy would facilitate the increase in the overall use and more effective use of renewable energy. This paper will discuss the salient points of the new renewable energy strategy.

  2. Recurrent pancreatitis secondary to sphincter of Oddi dysfunction: case report

    OpenAIRE

    Jeannette Calzadilla; Natalia Sanhueza; Solange Farías

    2016-01-01

    Resumen La disfunción del esfínter de Oddi es una patología poco frecuente que es causa de aproximadamente el 20% de las pancreatitis recurrentes idiopáticas. Para sospechar de su existencia es obligatorio haber descartado todas las otras causas de pancreatitis aguda. Luego, sobre la base de la historia clínica, exámenes de laboratorio y estudio con imágenes, se debe realizar una clasificación del tipo de disfunción. Según ello, es necesario llevar a cabo una manometría, considerada el gol...

  3. Synthesis and characterization of gold nanoparticles supported on zinc oxide via the deposition-precipitation method

    OpenAIRE

    Yazid, Hanani; Adnan, Rohana; HAMID, Shafida Abdul; Farrukh, Muhammad Akhyar

    2010-01-01

    Gold nanoparticles supported on zinc oxide nanoparticles were synthesized at several pH levels via the deposition-precipitation (DP) method. The effects of pH on gold loading, particle size, and particle size distribution on the support were studied at the iso-electric point (IEP) as well as below and above the IEP of ZnO. The addition of the support significantly changed the pH of the solution. The effects of adjusting the pH before and after the addition of the support into the gol...

  4. Block copolymer-mediated synthesis of gold nanoparticles in aqueous solutions: Segment effect on gold ion reduction, stabilization, and particle morphology

    OpenAIRE

    Sakai, Toshio; Horiuchi, Yuya; Alexandridis, Paschalis; Okada, Tomohiko; Mishima, Shozi

    2013-01-01

    We report here on the segment effects of poly(ethylene oxide)-containing block copolymers (PEO-BCP) on the reduction activity for tetrachloride gold(III) ([AuCl4](-)), interfacial activity for gold surface, colloidal stability, and morphology of gold nanoparticles formed in aqueous solutions. In particular, the effects of poly(ethylene oxide) (PEO), poly(propylene oxide) (PPO), polyethylene (PE) segments and amino group (NH2) on the rate of [AuCl4](-) reduction, adsorption of PEO-BCP onto gol...

  5. Calculation of Airloads for a Flexible Wing via NASTRAN.

    Science.gov (United States)

    1980-12-01

    GPL A CALL GOP=-N( 3PL ~7(8UFi)qO) NGPLA=NTISE:L+41i CALL REA)(GOL8,?(’fPL.I),L PLA9im) CALL CLO3-EtPLA91) N8GP8=NG2LA4LGOL9 CALL GOP:-N(qlGP1,v"(UFi... Mexico and at Keflavik, Iceland until entering the School of Engineering, Air Force Institute of Technology, in June 1979. Permanent address: P. 0

  6. Study of nerve fibers nature reinforcing duodenal contractions by electrical stimulation of sympathetic nerve

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sveshnikov D.S.

    2011-09-01

    Full Text Available The subject of the article is to investigate the mechanism of increased reactions by electrical stimulation of the sympathetic nerve. Materials and methods: Experiments on dogs have shown that stimulant reactions during blockade of a-adrenergic by phentolamine and (3-adrenergic receptors with propranolol were completely eliminated by lizer-gol —the blocker of 5-HT12-receptors. Results: Infusion of lizergol did not influence on duodenal motor activity and the function of the vagus nerve. Conclusion: Effector neuron is found out to be serotonergic and its action is provided by 5-HT1 2 receptors

  7. WRKY Transcription Factors: Key Components in Abscisic Acid Signaling

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-01-01

    2008). In cereals, upon imbibing, the embryos of nondormant seeds produce GA. This GA is transported to the aleurone, a thin layer of cells surround- ing...sensing, signaling and transport . Plant Cell Physiol. 51, 1821–1839. Urano, K., Kurihara, Y., Seki, M. and Shinozaki, K. (2010) ‘Omics’ analyses of...galactinol synthase (BhGolS1) promoter. Planta , 230, 1155–1166. Wu, F.-Q., Xin, Q., Cao, Z., Liu, Z.-Q., Du, S.-Y., Mei, C., Zhao, C.-X., Wang, X.-F

  8. A Readout System for the LHCb Outer Tracker

    CERN Document Server

    Wiedner, D; Apeldorn , G; Bachmann, S; Bagaturi , I; Bauer, T; Berkien, A; Blouw, J; Bos, E; Deisenroth, M; Dubitzki, R; Eisele, F; Guz , Y; Haas, T; Hommels, B; Ketel, T; Knopf , J; Merk , M; Nardulli , J; Nedos, M; Pellegrino, A; Rausch, A; Rusnyak, R; Schwemmer, R; Simoni, E; Sluijk , T; Spaan, B; Spelt , J; Stange, U; van Tilburg, J; Trunk , U; Tuning , N; Uwer, U; Vankow , P; Warda, K

    2006-01-01

    The LHCb Outer Tracker is composed of 55 000 straw drift tubes. The requirements for the OT electronics are the precise (1 ns) drift time measurement at 6 % occupancy and 1 MHz readout. Charge signals from the straw detector are amplified, shaped and discriminated by ATLAS ASDBLR chips. Drift-times are determined and stored in the OTIS TDC and put out to a GOL serializer at L0 accept. Optical fibres carry the data 90 m to the TELL1 acquisition board. The full readout chain performed well in an e- test beam.

  9. Etude de la solution stationnaire de l'équation Y(n+1)=a(n)Y(n)+b(n) à coefficients aléatoires

    OpenAIRE

    De Saporta, Benoîte

    2004-01-01

    Jury: P. Bougerol (rapporteur), C. Goldie (rapporteur), Y. Guivarc'h (président), X. Guyon (examinateur), E. Le Page (examinateur), J.F. Yao (directeur de recherches); The linear autoregressive process (AR) in discrete time with random coefficients contains a large class of time series models that are very popular in statistics. Under weak assumptions, this process has a unique stationnary solution. The behaviour of its tail at infinity has been investigated by H. Kesten, E. LePage and C. Gol...

  10. Aspectos anatómicos-funcionales del remate al arco con el empeine en el fútbol

    OpenAIRE

    Meschini, Noelia Soledad; Pasquale, Fernando

    2013-01-01

    El remate es la acción técnica individual que culmina generalmente tras una jugada colectiva, que consiste en impactar el balón hacia el arco rival, con el objetivo de convertir un gol. Entre los remates más comunes del fútbol, podemos encontrar: el remate con el empeine, con cara interna y externa del pie, con la cabeza, de volea, etc. Los remates pueden realizarse cuando el jugador se encuentra parado o en el transcurso de la carrera, luego de una jugada individual o en equipo. Los ti...

  11. Temporal structure of double plasma frequency emission of thin beam-heated plasma

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Postupaev, V. V.; Ivanov, I. A.; Arzhannikov, A. V.; Vyacheslavov, L. N. [Budker Institute of Nuclear Physics, 11 Lavrentjev Avenue, 630090 Novosibirsk (Russian Federation); Novosibirsk State University, 2 Pirogova st., 630090 Novosibirsk (Russian Federation); Burdakov, A. V.; Polosatkin, S. V. [Budker Institute of Nuclear Physics, 11 Lavrentjev Avenue, 630090 Novosibirsk (Russian Federation); Novosibirsk State Technical University, 20 Karl Marks Avenue, 630092 Novosibirsk (Russian Federation); Sklyarov, V. F.; Gavrilenko, D. Ye.; Kandaurov, I. V.; Kurkuchekov, V. V.; Mekler, K. I.; Popov, S. S.; Rovenskikh, A. F.; Sudnikov, A. V.; Sulyaev, Yu. S.; Trunev, Yu. A. [Budker Institute of Nuclear Physics, 11 Lavrentjev Avenue, 630090 Novosibirsk (Russian Federation); Kasatov, A. A. [Novosibirsk State University, 2 Pirogova st., 630090 Novosibirsk (Russian Federation)

    2013-09-15

    In the work presented here dynamics of spiky microwave emission of a beam-heated plasma near the double plasma frequency in ∼100 GHz band was studied. The plasma is heated by 80 keV, ∼2 MW, sub-ms electron beam that is injected into the multiple-mirror trap GOL-3. The beam-heated plasma diameter is of the order of the emitted wavelength. Modulation of individual emission spikes in the microwave radiation is found. The radiation dynamics observed can be attributed to a small number of compact emitting zones that are periodically distorted.

  12. 皮肤骨膜增厚症1例报告

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    刘丽艳; 赵立峰

    2011-01-01

    @@ 肥大性骨关节病(hypertrophic osteoarthropathy,HOA)是一种以杵状指、骨膜增生和关节炎为特征的综合征.可分为原发和继发两种类型,原发性HOA通常称之为皮肤骨膜增厚症(pachydermoperiostosis,PDP)或Touraine-Solente-Gol è综合征[1].继发性HOA多为在心脏或(和)肺脏疾病(偶尔为肿瘤)基础

  13. Block copolymer-mediated synthesis of gold nanoparticles in aqueous solutions: Segment effect on gold ion reduction, stabilization, and particle morphology

    OpenAIRE

    Sakai, Toshio; Horiuchi, Yuya; Alexandridis, Paschalis; Okada, Tomohiko; Mishima, Shozi

    2013-01-01

    We report here on the segment effects of poly(ethylene oxide)-containing block copolymers (PEO-BCP) on the reduction activity for tetrachloride gold(III) ([AuCl4](-)), interfacial activity for gold surface, colloidal stability, and morphology of gold nanoparticles formed in aqueous solutions. In particular, the effects of poly(ethylene oxide) (PEO), poly(propylene oxide) (PPO), polyethylene (PE) segments and amino group (NH2) on the rate of [AuCl4](-) reduction, adsorption of PEO-BCP onto gol...

  14. Kombatantu statuss asimetriskajā karā

    OpenAIRE

    Dambis, Mārtiņš

    2009-01-01

    Bakalaura darbā „Kombatantu statuss asimetriskajā karā” pēta piemērojamo humanitāro tiesību regulējumu konfliktos, kam ir starptautisks raksturs, tomēr viena no pusēm nav uzskatāma par valsti un ignorē kara tiesības. Tiek analizēta ASV prakse tā saucamajā karā pret terorismu, jo ASV ir vistiešāk skāris jaunā tipa apdraudējums starptautiskajam mieram. Darbs strukturēts vispirms apskatot asimetriskā kara jēdzienu un humanitāro tiesību piemērošanas īpatnības šādā konfliktā. Darba otrā nodaļ...

  15. Which Surface Atmospheric Variable Drives the Seasonal Cycle of Sea Surface Temperature over the Global Ocean?

    Science.gov (United States)

    2009-03-03

    8217 J. . , ...J* j. ... short (e.g., diurnal) time scales but can also change the ble spatial and temporal variability over the global...Hydrographic Clima - tology (PHC) to keep the evaporation-precipitation balance on track in the model. The PHC climatology is chosen for its... temporal varia- tions in water turbidity [Kara et al, 2005a]. This scheme is designed to improve the simulation of upper ocean quanti- ties

  16. 1/32 Degree Real-Time Global Ocean Prediction and Value-Added Over 1/16 Degree Resolution

    Science.gov (United States)

    2007-07-30

    altimeter SSH deviations from a temporal mean temperature Tm rather than layer 1 temperature, and (3) plus the mean SSH described in the next subsection...This SSH field is added to the altimeter SSH deviations from a temporal mean. inter-annual simulations with 6-hourly forcing, Kara and the period June...indicate that globally and in many regions of the world ocean the 30-day SSH forecasts are 0.6. not very sensitive to the difference between the clima

  17. Ethical considerations in the treatment of childhood obesity

    OpenAIRE

    Perryman, Mandy; Sidoti,Kara

    2015-01-01

    Mandy L Perryman,1 Kara A Sidoti,2 1Department of Leadership and Counselor Education, University of Mississippi, MS, USA; 2Lynchburg College, Lynchburg, VA, USA Abstract: Rates of obesity in children and adolescents appear to be stabilizing, though the prevalence of extreme obesity in this population remains fairly consistent at 4%. Childhood obesity contributes to serious health complications, such as hypertension, orthopedic problems, hormonal imbalances, and adult obesity. Psychological, ...

  18. Guidance and control of iceberg towing operation in open water, with experimental testing

    OpenAIRE

    Sundland, Mika Nikolai

    2013-01-01

    Icebergs pose serious threats to existing and planned offshore structures, vessels, and operations in Arctic waters such as the East Coast of Canada, East and West Greenland, the Barents Sea, and the Kara Sea. A collision between an offshore installation and an iceberg could cause serious damage to the installation, and in a worst case scenario take life. Therefore, if an iceberg is evaluated as a threat, physical iceberg management must be mobilized to mitigate the threat. For open water, th...

  19. Polar Lows Over the Eastern Part of the Eurasian Arctic: The Sea-Ice Retreat Consequence

    OpenAIRE

    Zabolotskikh, Elizaveta V.; Gurvich, Irina A.; Chapron, Bertrand

    2016-01-01

    With the sea-ice decline over the eastern part of the Eurasian Arctic (EEA), polar mesocyclones (MCs) and their most intensive representatives-polar lows (PLs)-can occur over more open-water areas. Visible and infrared MODIS images, active and passive microwave spaceborne instruments, and ERA Interim reanalysis data are combined and used to analyze the synoptic situations and to infer the factors influencingMC appearance and evolution over the Kara Sea, the Laptev Sea, the East Siberian Sea, ...

  20. Concurrent Simulation of the Eddying General Circulation and Tides in a Global Ocean Model

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    APE) at the sea surface, and the globally integrated baro - tropic kinetic energy (KE), both computed via standard formulae which can be looked up in...baroclinic simulation of SHA), (4) the main baroclinic simulation of SHA, and (5) a baro - clinic simulation of SHA briefly mentioned in their appendix, in...Simmons. A.. Uppala. S.. Fuentes. M.. 2004. ERA-40 Project Report Series. the ERA-40 archive. 17. 31 pp. U.K. Kara. A.B.. Wallcraft. A.J.. Martin

  1. Upper-Ocean Response to Hurricane Ivan in a 1/25 degree Nested Gulf of Mexico HYCOM

    Science.gov (United States)

    2007-04-18

    the assimilation run [Browning and Kreiss, 1982, 1986] is used for the baro - agrees with the observations while the northern edge of LC tropic open...difference (see Kara et al. layers [ Martin , 1985] (2) the number of adjustable para- [2002] for details). Briefly, latent heat flux (QL) and sensible...202. computer time from the DoD High Performance Computer Modernization Martin , P. J. (1985), Simulation of the mixed layer at OWS November and Papa

  2. Eddy-Resolving Global Ocean Prediction

    Science.gov (United States)

    2009-07-01

    Cummings, Ahmet Birol Kara, E. Joseph Metzger, Jay Shriver, Ole Martin Smedstad, Alan J. Wallcraft, Charlie N. Barron 5d. PROJECT NUMBER 5e...8217, Alan J. Wallcraft’. and Charlie N. Barron’ ’Naval Research Laboratory: Oceanography Division. Stennis Space Center. Mississippi. I SA 1Centerfor...Distribution and move- ment of Gulf Stream rings. J. Phys. Oceanogr. 7(5), 670 683. Large. W. G.. G. Danabasoglu. S. C. Doney. and J. C. McWilliams

  3. 皇家碧丽宫国际俱乐部(英文)

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2006-01-01

    Promotion to celebrate the Chinese new year: 50 percent off Kara OK entrance fees, buy one and get one free for imported wines. With a floor area of 3,000 square meters, Beijing Royal Palace International Club is a top-class facility combining business and entertainment, located in the basement of Hotel Nikko New Century Beijing facing the Capital Gymnasium. The ideal location and concentrated international environment, blended with Chinese culture, has all the ingredients to establish the Royal Palace I...

  4. Studio Weave设计英国最长的海滨长凳

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2010-01-01

    Studio Weave在英国西苏克塞斯郡设计了英国最长的长凳。该事务所与工程公司AdamsKaraTaylor设计的这条长凳有324m长,围绕着Little-hampton的人行道蜿蜒前进。这里可以俯瞰到BlueFlag海滩。

  5. A Computer Model Investigation of a Half Square Log-Periodic Array.

    Science.gov (United States)

    1987-12-01

    Catalina Blvd. San Diego, CA 92152 79. Martin L. Perrine DOD-Ra-.Jio Science Division 9800 Savage Road Ft. George G. Meade, MD 20755 SO. Dav id J...I Bakanliklar, Ankara, Turkey 106. Kara Harp Okulu K.liei I., Bakanliklar, Ankara, Turkey .. 10-. Bailv Aalfs I Sabre Comn. Corp. P.O. Box 536 Sioux City. 10 51102 .4 166~ %4 % 42.’ 𔃾" .% !) j . , , -..2 II

  6. Harry Potter and the Susceptible Child Audience

    OpenAIRE

    Andersen, Kara Lynn

    2005-01-01

    Kara Lynn Andersen, in her paper "Harry Potter and the Susceptible Child Audience," argues for a rethinking of assumptions of child audiences as passive readers and viewers through an analysis of the Harry Potter phenomenon. Andersen argues that instead of categorizing children as passive and homogenous subjects of analysis, they should instead be incorporated as participants in the discourse about children's books and films. Although frequently figured as especially susceptible to the affect...

  7. Characteristics of Arctic Ocean ice determined from SMMR data for 1979 - Case studies in the seasonal sea ice zone

    Science.gov (United States)

    Anderson, M. R.; Crane, R. G.; Barry, R. G.

    1985-01-01

    Sea ice data derived from the Scanning Multichannel Microwave Radiometer are examined for sections of the Arctic Ocean during early summer 1979. The temporary appearance of spuriously high multiyear ice fractions in the seasonal ice zones of the Kara and Barents Seas is a result of surface melt phenomena and the relative responses of the different channels to these effects. These spurious signatures can provide early identification of melt onset and additional information on surface characteristics.

  8. Initial Human Response to Nuclear Radiation

    Science.gov (United States)

    1982-04-01

    symptoms and course of the illness. Herbert Fanger and Clarence C. Lushbaugh, "Radiation Death from Cardiovascular Shock Following a Criticality...irradiated victim died on day 32. The least-irradiated victim recovered more slowly than the others. Herbert Fanger and Clarence C. Lushbaugh, "Radiation...Sources Accident (A) Fanger and Lushbaugh, 1967 Hubner and Fry (eds.), 1980 Karas and Stanbury, 1965 International Atomic Energy Agency and World Health

  9. Using the master's tools : representations of blackness and the strategies of stereotype

    OpenAIRE

    Zygmonski, Aimee

    2010-01-01

    Attending to Audre Lorde's speech where she famously said, "For the master's tools will never dismantle the master's house," this dissertation argues for the reformation of the master's tools and cites four plays and an oeuvre of visual art that speak to this radical re-envisioning. The playwrights Kia Corthron, Lynn Nottage, and Suzan-Lori Parks, and visual artist Kara Walker utilize the master's tools in order to expose the inadequate craftsmanship in the master's house. Here, the tools use...

  10. Twenty-five winters of unexpected Eurasian cooling unlikely due to Arctic sea-ice loss

    Science.gov (United States)

    McCusker, Kelly E.; Fyfe, John C.; Sigmond, Michael

    2016-11-01

    Surface air temperature over central Eurasia decreased over the past twenty-five winters at a time of strongly increasing anthropogenic forcing and Arctic amplification. It has been suggested that this cooling was related to an increase in cold winters due to sea-ice loss in the Barents-Kara Sea. Here we use over 600 years of atmosphere-only global climate model simulations to isolate the effect of Arctic sea-ice loss, complemented with a 50-member ensemble of atmosphere-ocean global climate model simulations allowing for external forcing changes (anthropogenic and natural) and internal variability. In our atmosphere-only simulations, we find no evidence of Arctic sea-ice loss having impacted Eurasian surface temperature. In our atmosphere-ocean simulations, we find just one simulation with Eurasian cooling of the observed magnitude but Arctic sea-ice loss was not involved, either directly or indirectly. Rather, in this simulation the cooling is due to a persistent circulation pattern combining high pressure over the Barents-Kara Sea and a downstream trough. We conclude that the observed cooling over central Eurasia was probably due to a sea-ice-independent internally generated circulation pattern ensconced over, and nearby, the Barents-Kara Sea since the 1980s. These results improve our knowledge of high-latitude climate variability and change, with implications for our understanding of impacts in high-northern-latitude systems.

  11. Improving the simulation of landfast ice by combining tensile strength and a parameterization for grounded ridges

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lemieux, Jean-François; Dupont, Frédéric; Blain, Philippe; Roy, François; Smith, Gregory C.; Flato, Gregory M.

    2016-10-01

    In some coastal regions of the Arctic Ocean, grounded ice ridges contribute to stabilizing and maintaining a landfast ice cover. Recently, a grounding scheme representing this effect on sea ice dynamics was introduced and tested in a viscous-plastic sea ice model. This grounding scheme, based on a basal stress parameterization, improves the simulation of landfast ice in many regions such as in the East Siberian Sea, the Laptev Sea, and along the coast of Alaska. Nevertheless, in some regions like the Kara Sea, the area of landfast ice is systematically underestimated. This indicates that another mechanism such as ice arching is at play for maintaining the ice cover fast. To address this problem, the combination of the basal stress parameterization and tensile strength is investigated using a 0.25° Pan-Arctic CICE-NEMO configuration. Both uniaxial and isotropic tensile strengths notably improve the simulation of landfast ice in the Kara Sea but also in the Laptev Sea. However, the simulated landfast ice season for the Kara Sea is too short compared to observations. This is especially obvious for the onset of the landfast ice season which systematically occurs later in the model and with a slower build up. This suggests that improvements to the sea ice thermodynamics could reduce these discrepancies with the data.

  12. Red:far-red light conditions affect the emission of volatile organic compounds from barley (Hordeum vulgare), leading to altered biomass allocation in neighbouring plants.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kegge, Wouter; Ninkovic, Velemir; Glinwood, Robert; Welschen, Rob A M; Voesenek, Laurentius A C J; Pierik, Ronald

    2015-05-01

    Volatile organic compounds (VOCs) play various roles in plant-plant interactions, and constitutively produced VOCs might act as a cue to sense neighbouring plants. Previous studies have shown that VOCs emitted from the barley (Hordeum vulgare) cultivar 'Alva' cause changes in biomass allocation in plants of the cultivar 'Kara'. Other studies have shown that shading and the low red:far-red (R:FR) conditions that prevail at high plant densities can reduce the quantity and alter the composition of the VOCs emitted by Arabidopsis thaliana, but whether this affects plant-plant signalling remains unknown. This study therefore examines the effects of far-red light enrichment on VOC emissions and plant-plant signalling between 'Alva' and 'Kara'. The proximity of neighbouring plants was mimicked by supplemental far-red light treatment of VOC emitter plants of barley grown in growth chambers. Volatiles emitted by 'Alva' under control and far-red light-enriched conditions were analysed using gas chromatography-mass spectrometry (GC-MS). 'Kara' plants were exposed to the VOC blend emitted by the 'Alva' plants that were subjected to either of the light treatments. Dry matter partitioning, leaf area, stem and total root length were determined for 'Kara' plants exposed to 'Alva' VOCs, and also for 'Alva' plants exposed to either control or far-red-enriched light treatments. Total VOC emissions by 'Alva' were reduced under low R:FR conditions compared with control light conditions, although individual volatile compounds were found to be either suppressed, induced or not affected by R:FR. The altered composition of the VOC blend emitted by 'Alva' plants exposed to low R:FR was found to affect carbon allocation in receiver plants of 'Kara'. The results indicate that changes in R:FR light conditions influence the emissions of VOCs in barley, and that these altered emissions affect VOC-mediated plant-plant interactions. © The Author 2015. Published by Oxford University Press on

  13. Highly water-dispersible surface-modified Gd(2)O(3) nanoparticles for potential dual-modal bioimaging.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hu, Zhangjun; Ahrén, Maria; Selegård, Linnéa; Skoglund, Caroline; Söderlind, Fredrik; Engström, Maria; Zhang, Xuanjun; Uvdal, Kajsa

    2013-09-16

    Water-dispersible and luminescent gadolinium oxide (GO) nanoparticles (NPs) were designed and synthesized for potential dual-modal biological imaging. They were obtained by capping gadolinium oxide nanoparticles with a fluorescent glycol-based conjugated carboxylate (HL). The obtained nanoparticles (GO-L) show long-term colloidal stability and intense blue fluorescence. In addition, L can sensitize the luminescence of europium(III) through the so-called antenna effect. Thus, to extend the spectral ranges of emission, europium was introduced into L-modified gadolinium oxide nanoparticles. The obtained EuIII-doped particles (Eu:GO-L) can provide visible red emission, which is more intensive than that without L capping. The average diameter of the monodisperse modified oxide cores is about 4 nm. The average hydrodynamic diameter of the L-modified nanoparticles was estimated to be about 13 nm. The nanoparticles show effective longitudinal water proton relaxivity. The relaxivity values obtained for GO-L and Eu:GO-L were r1=6.4 and 6.3 s−1 mM−1 with r2/r1 ratios close to unity at 1.4 T. Longitudinal proton relaxivities of these nanoparticles are higher than those of positive contrast agents based on gadolinium complexes such as Gd-DOTA, which are commonly used for clinical magnetic resonance imaging. Moreover, these particles are suitable for cellular imaging and show good biocompatibility.

  14. Christina Holtz-Bacha (Hg.: Frauen, Politik und Medien. Wiesbaden: VS Verlag für Sozialwissenschaften 2008

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Tanja Maier

    2009-03-01

    Full Text Available In dem von Christina Holtz-Bacha herausgegebenen Sammelband wird aus einer kommunikationswissenschaftlichen Perspektive untersucht, wie Politikerinnen in höchsten politischen Ämtern medial repräsentiert werden. In den einzelnen Beiträgen wird der Frage nachgegangen, ob die zunehmende Sichtbarkeit von Politikerinnen wie Angela Merkel, Christina Kirchner oder Ségolène Royal auch zu einer veränderten medialen Berichterstattung geführt habe. Analysiert werden nicht nur die mediale Präsenz von Politikerinnen im Vergleich zu ihren männlichen Kollegen, sondern auch die Gemeinsamkeiten und Unterschiede in den textuellen und bildlichen Darstellungsweisen. Der Band liefert aus der Perspektive der politischen Kommunikationsforschung einige interessante empirische Einzelanalysen. Die theoretische Auseinandersetzung mit Konzepten der Geschlechterforschung spielt nur am Rande eine Rolle.The essays in the collected volume, edited by Christina Holtz-Bacha, approach the question as to the manner in which female politicians in the highest political offices are represented by the media. They do so from the perspective of communication studies. They examine whether the ever-increasing visibility of politicians such as Angela Merkel, Christina Kirchner or Ségolène Royal has also led to a change in the media’s news coverage. The focus is not only the media presence of female politicians as compared to their male colleagues but also the similarities and differences in the types of textual and visual representations.

  15. The first phytochemical report of Galanthus transcaucasicus Fomin

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    M.H Salehi Sourmaghi

    2010-06-01

    Full Text Available "n  "n Background and the purpose of study: Galanthus transcaucasicus Fomin (Amaryllidaceae is an endemic species to the Caucasia and Alborz mountains in Iran which locally named "Gol-e-Barfi". While there are many reports on pharmacological activities of Galanthus species' alkaloids, there is no report on G. transcaucasicus and this article is the first phytochemical study on this species. "nMethods:Extracted alkaloids from G. transcaucasicus bulbs were isolated using different chromatographic methods and the structures of the components were determined by physical and spectroscopic data. "nResults:Five isoquinoline type alkaloids namely galanthamine(8.04%, narwedine(6.90%, lycorine(19.48%, caranine(3.45% and tazettine(5.75% of total alkaloid extract were isolated from the bulbs of Galanthus transcaucasicus Fomin. Major conclusion: Because of the presence of biologically active alkaloids especially galanthamine and the major alkaloid lycorine in Gol-e-Barfi, the plant may be used as a natural source for pharmaceutical purposes.

  16. Moderately nonlinear ultrasound propagation in blood-mimicking fluid.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kharin, Nikolay A; Vince, D Geoffrey

    2004-04-01

    In medical diagnostic ultrasound (US), higher than-in-water nonlinearity of body fluids and tissue usually does not produce strong nonlinearly distorted waves because of the high absorption. The relative influence of absorption and nonlinearity can be characterized by the Gol'dberg number Gamma. There are two limiting cases in nonlinear acoustics: weak waves (Gamma 1). However, at diagnostic frequencies in tissue and body fluids, the nonlinear effects and effects of absorption more likely are comparable (Gol'dberg number Gamma approximately 1). The aim of this work was to study the nonlinear propagation of a moderately nonlinear US second harmonic signal in a blood-mimicking fluid. Quasilinear solutions to the KZK equation are presented, assuming radiation from a flat and geometrically focused circular Gaussian source. The solutions are expressed in a new simplified closed form and are in very good agreement with those of previous studies measuring and modeling Gaussian beams. The solutions also show good agreement with the measurements of the beams produced by commercially available transducers, even without special Gaussian shading.

  17. Testing and commissioning of the LHCb Outer Tracker front-end electronic and a study for a background estimation in the decay B{sup 0}{sub s} {yields} J/{psi} {phi}; Tests und Inbetriebnahme der LHCb Outer Tracker Front-end Elektronik und eine Studie zur Abschaetzung des Untergrundes im Zerfall B{sup 0}{sub s} {yields} J/{psi} {phi}

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Knopf, Jan

    2009-07-08

    The readout electronic of the LHCb outer tracker measures the drift time of a straw tube. The front-end electronic consists of three radiation hard chips. The ASDBLR preamplifier amplifies and discriminates the charge puls produced by the drift chamber. The OTIS-TDC chip measures the drift time every 25 ns on 32 detector channels. The generated data is send via an optical link with 1.6 GBit/s, making use of the GOL chip. The main part of this thesis is dedicated to the testing and commissioning of the outer tracker front-end electronic. Altogether three test systems were developed and operated. The first test system was built to thoroughly check the features of the OTIS-TDC chips on the wafer. The quality of the OTIS board and GOL-Aux board production was checked with another test system. The front-end electronic was also combined and tested to the LHCB readout chain. One of the main goals of the LHCb experiment is the measurement of the CP-violating phase {phi}{sub s}. It can be measured by using the golden decay mode B{sup 0}{sub s} {yields} J/{psi} {phi}. It is vital to have a good knowledge about the background for this decay in order to extract the phase. In this thesis a study was performed to overcome the current limitations due to low Monte-Carlo statistics in this area. (orig.)

  18. Tests und Inbetriebnahme der LHCb Outer Tracker Front-end Elektronik und eine Studie zur Abschätzung des Untergrundes im Zerfall $B^{0}_{s} \\to J\\Psi \\Phi$

    CERN Document Server

    Knopf, Jan

    2009-01-01

    The readout electronic of the LHCb outer tracker measures the drift time of a straw tube. The front-end electronic consists of three radiation hard chips. The ASDBLR preamplifier amplifies and discriminates the charge puls produced by the drift chamber. The OTIS-TDC chip measures the drift time every 25 ns on 32 detector channels. The generated data is send via an optical link with 1,6 GBit/s, making use of the GOL chip. The main part of this thesis is dedicated to the testing and commissioning of the outer tracker front-end electronic. Altogether three test systems were developed and operated. The first test system was built to thoroughly check the features of the OTIS-TDC chips on the wafer. The quality of the OTIS board and GOL-Aux board production was checked with another test system. The front-end electronic was also combined and tested to the LHCB readout chain. One of the main goals of the LHCb experiment is the measurement of the CP-violating phase Phi_s. It can be measured by using the golden decay m...

  19. Dehydration induces expression of GALACTINOL SYNTHASE and RAFFINOSE SYNTHASE in seedlings of pea (Pisum sativum L.).

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lahuta, Lesław B; Pluskota, Wioletta E; Stelmaszewska, Joanna; Szablińska, Joanna

    2014-09-01

    The exposition of 7-day-old pea seedlings to dehydration induced sudden changes in the concentration of monosaccharides and sucrose in epicotyl and roots tissues. During 24h of dehydration, the concentration of glucose and, to a lesser extent, fructose in seedling tissues decreased. The accumulation of sucrose was observed in roots after 4h and in epicotyls after 8h of stress. Epicotyls and roots also began to accumulate galactinol and raffinose after 8h of stress, when small changes in the water content of tissues occurred. The accumulation of galactinol and raffinose progressed parallel to water withdrawal from tissues, but after seedling rehydration both galactosides disappeared. The synthesis of galactinol and raffinose by an early induction (during the first hour of treatment) of galactinol synthase (PsGolS) and raffinose synthase (PsRS) gene expression as well as a later increase in the activity of both enzymes was noted. Signals possibly triggering the induction of PsGolS and PsRS gene expression and accumulation of galactinol and raffinose in seedlings are discussed.

  20. Determinantes de guerra de preços e conluio no transporte aéreo brasileiro

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ana Carolina Campana Nascimento

    2011-12-01

    Full Text Available Este artigo tem como objetivo identificar possíveis padrões de guerras de preço e formação de conluio pelas companhias aéreas que operam no trecho Rio de Janeiro - São Paulo (GOL e TAM e estimar as condições que facilitaram os dois fenômenos no período de 2002 a 2010. Para tanto, utilizaram-se a teoria dos jogos, a teoria econômica dos cartéis e os modelos logit como instrumentos de análise. Os resultados obtidos mostram que os fatores determinantes desses dois fenômenos são diferentes para cada companhia aérea: a TAM apresentou maior probabilidade de formação de conluio que a GOL no período analisado, enquanto esta última teve maior probabilidade de entrar em uma guerra de preços do que em um conluio. Além disso, as variáveis utilizadas neste estudo não conseguiram explicar a probabilidade da TAM praticar guerra de preços.

  1. Magnetohydrodynamically stable plasma with supercritical current density at the axis

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Burdakov, A. V. [Budker Institute of Nuclear Physics, 11 Lavrentjev Avenue, 630090 Novosibirsk (Russian Federation); Novosibirsk State Technical University, 20 Karl Marks Avenue, 630092 Novosibirsk (Russian Federation); Postupaev, V. V., E-mail: V.V.Postupaev@inp.nsk.su; Sudnikov, A. V. [Budker Institute of Nuclear Physics, 11 Lavrentjev Avenue, 630090 Novosibirsk (Russian Federation); Novosibirsk State University, 2 Pirogova st., 630090 Novosibirsk (Russian Federation)

    2014-05-15

    In this work, an analysis of magnetic perturbations in the GOL-3 experiment is given. In GOL-3, plasma is collectively heated in a multiple-mirror trap by a high-power electron beam. During the beam injection, the beam-plasma interaction maintains a high-level microturbulence. This provides an unusual radial profile of the net current (that consists of the beam current, current of the preliminary discharge, and the return current). The plasma core carries supercritical current density with the safety factor well below unity, but as a whole, the plasma is stable with q(a) ≈ 4. The net plasma current is counter-directed to the beam current; helicities of the magnetic field in the core and at the edge are of different signs. This forms a system with a strong magnetic shear that stabilizes the plasma core in good confinement regimes. We have found that the most pronounced magnetic perturbation is the well-known n = 1, m = 1 mode for both stable and disruptive regimes.

  2. Infliximab, adalimumab and golimumab for treating moderately to severely active ulcerative colitis after the failure of conventional therapy (including a review of TA140 and TA262): clinical effectiveness systematic review and economic model.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Archer, Rachel; Tappenden, Paul; Ren, Shijie; Martyn-St James, Marrissa; Harvey, Rebecca; Basarir, Hasan; Stevens, John; Carroll, Christopher; Cantrell, Anna; Lobo, Alan; Hoque, Sami

    2016-01-01

    Vie) or golimumab (GOL) (Simponi(®), MSD) were more likely to achieve clinical response and remission than those receiving placebo (PBO). Hospitalisation data were limited, but suggested more favourable outcomes for ADA- and IFX-treated patients. Data on the use of surgical intervention were sparse, with a potential benefit for intervention-treated patients. Data were available from one trial to support the use of IFX in paediatric patients. Safety issues identified included serious infections, malignancies and administration site reactions. Based on the NMA, in the induction phase, all biological treatments were associated with statistically significant beneficial effects relative to PBO, with the greatest effect associated with IFX. For patients in response following induction, all treatments except ADA and GOL 100 mg at 32-52 weeks were associated with beneficial effects when compared with PBO, although these were not significant. The greatest effects at 8-32 and 32-52 weeks were associated with 100 mg of GOL and 5 mg/kg of IFX, respectively. For patients in remission following induction, all treatments except ADA at 8-32 weeks and GOL 50 mg at 32-52 weeks were associated with beneficial effects when compared with PBO, although only the effect of ADA at 32-52 weeks was significant. The greatest effects were associated with GOL (at 8-32 weeks) and ADA (at 32-52 weeks). The economic analysis suggests that colectomy is expected to dominate drug therapies, but for some patients, colectomy may not be considered acceptable. In circumstances in which only drug options are considered, IFX and GOL are expected to be ruled out because of dominance, while the incremental cost-effectiveness ratio for ADA versus conventional treatment is approximately £50,300 per QALY gained. LIMITATIONS The health economic model is subject to several limitations: uncertainty associated with extrapolating trial data over a lifetime horizon, the model does not consider explicit sequential

  3. Biomolecular adsorption at aqueous silver interfaces: first-principles calculations, polarizable force-field simulations, and comparisons with gold.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hughes, Zak E; Wright, Louise B; Walsh, Tiffany R

    2013-10-29

    The molecular simulation of biomolecules adsorbed at noble metal interfaces can assist in the development of bionanotechnology applications. In line with advances in polarizable force fields for adsorption at aqueous gold interfaces, there is scope for developing a similar force field for silver. One way to accomplish this is via the generation of in vacuo adsorption energies calculated using first-principles approaches for a wide range of different but biologically relevant small molecules, including water. Here, we present such first-principles data for a comprehensive range of bio-organic molecules obtained from plane-wave density functional theory calculations using the vdW-DF functional. As reported previously for the gold force field, GolP-CHARMM (Wright, L. B.; Rodger, P. M.; Corni, S.; Walsh, T. R. GolP-CHARMM: first-principles based force-fields for the interaction of proteins with Au(111) and Au(100). J. Chem. Theory Comput. 2013, 9, 1616-1630), we have used these data to construct a a new force field, AgP-CHARMM, suitable for the simulation of biomolecules at the aqueous Ag(111) and Ag(100) interfaces. This force field is derived to be consistent with GolP-CHARMM such that adsorption on Ag and Au can be compared on an equal footing. Our force fields are used to evaluate the water overlayer stability on both silver and gold, finding good agreement with known behaviors. We also calculate and compare the structuring (spatial and orientational) of liquid water adsorbed at both silver and gold. Finally, we report the adsorption free energy of a range of amino acids at both the Au(111) and Ag(111) aqueous interfaces, calculated using metadynamics. Stronger adsorption on gold was noted in most cases, with the exception being the carboxylate group present in aspartic acid. Our findings also indicate differences in the binding free energy profile between silver and gold for some amino acids, notably for His and Arg. Our analysis suggests that the relatively

  4. Circulation in the northwest Laptev Sea in the eastern Arctic Ocean: Crossroads between Siberian river water, Atlantic water and polynya-formed dense water

    Science.gov (United States)

    Janout, Markus; Hölemann, Jens; Timokhov, Leonid; Gutjahr, Oliver; Heinemann, Günther

    2017-04-01

    This paper investigates new unique observations from the poorly understood region between the Kara and Laptev Seas in the Eastern Arctic Ocean. We discuss relevant circulation features including riverine freshwater, Atlantic-derived water, and polynya-formed dense water, and emphasize Vilkitsky Strait (VS) as an important Kara Sea gateway (mean volume transport: 0.55 Sv), and the role of the adjacent 350 km-long submarine Vilkitsky Trough (VT) for the Arctic boundary current. Expeditions in 2013 and 2014 operated closely-spaced hydrographic transects and one year-long oceanographic mooring near VT's southern slope, and found persistent flow towards the Nansen Basin. The upper-ocean circulation is dominated by surface-intensified flow carrying Kara Sea freshwater along VT's southern edge with baroclinic volume and freshwater transports of 0.28 Sv and 16 mSv, respectively, though total transports may be substantially larger. The sub-surface features a steep front separating warm (-0.5°C) Atlantic-derived waters in central VT from cold (waters, which episodically migrates as indicated by current reversals and temperature fluctuations. Shelf-transformed waters dominate above VT's slope measuring near-freezing temperatures throughout the water column at a wide salinity range (34-35). These dense waters are vigorously advected toward the Basin and characterize VT as a conduit for near-freezing waters that could potentially supply the Arctic Ocean's lower halocline, cool Atlantic water, and ventilate the deeper Arctic Ocean. Our observations highlight a topographically-complex region with multiple water masses, narrow fronts, polynyas and topographically-channeled storms as shown by a high-resolution (5-15 km) atmospheric model, which underlines the benefits of high-resolution circulation models.

  5. The ringed seal (Phoca hispida in the western Russian Arctic

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Stanislav E Belikov

    1998-06-01

    Full Text Available This paper presents a review of available published and unpublished material on the ringed seal (Phoca hispida in the western part of the Russian Arctic, including the White, Barents and Kara seas. The purpose of the review is to discuss the status of ringed seal stocks in relation to their primary habitat, the history of sealing, and a recent harvest of the species in the region. The known primary breeding habitats for this species are in the White Sea, the south-western part of the Barents Sea, and in the coastal waters of the Kara Sea, which are seasonally covered by shore-fast ice. The main sealing sites are situated in the same areas. Female ringed seals become mature by the age of 6, and males by the age of 7. In March-April a female gives birth to one pup in a breeding lair constructed in the shore-fast ice. The most important prey species for ringed seals in the western sector of the Russian Arctic are pelagic fish and crustaceans. The maximum annual sealing level for the region was registered in the first 70 years of the 20th century: the White Sea maximum (8,912 animals was registered in 1912; the Barents Sea maximum (13,517 animals was registered in 1962; the Kara Sea maximum (13,200 animals was registered in 1933. Since the 1970s, the number of seals harvested has decreased considerably. There are no data available for the number of seals harvested annually by local residents for their subsistence.

  6. Late Quaternary Stratigraphy, Glacial Limits, and Paleoenvironments of the Marresale Area, Western Yamal Peninsula, Russia

    Science.gov (United States)

    Forman, Steven L.; Ingólfsson, Ólafur; Gataullin, Valery; Manley, William; Lokrantz, Hanna

    2002-05-01

    Stratigraphic records from coastal cliff sections near the Marresale Station on the Yamal Peninsula, Russia, yield new insight on ice-sheet dynamics and paleoenvironments for northern Eurasia. Field studies identify nine informal stratigraphic units from oldest to youngest (the Marresale formation, Labsuyakha sand, Kara diamicton, Varjakha peat and silt, Oleny sand, Baidarata sand, Betula horizon, Nenets peat, and Chum sand) that show a single glaciation and a varied terrestrial environment during the late Pleistocene. The Kara diamicton reflects regional glaciation and is associated with glaciotectonic deformation from the southwest of the underlying Labsuyakha sand and Marresale formation. Finite radiocarbon and luminescence ages of ca. 35,000 to 45,000 yr from Varjakha peat and silt that immediately overlies Kara diamicton place the glaciation >40,000 yr ago. Eolian and fluvial deposition ensued with concomitant cryogenesis between ca. 35,000 and 12,000 cal yr B.P. associated with the Oleny and the Baidarata sands. There is no geomorphic or stratigraphic evidence of coverage or proximity of the Yamal Peninsula to a Late Weichselian ice sheet. The Nenets peat accumulated over the Baidarata sand during much of the past 10,000 yr, with local additions of the eolian Chum sand starting ca. 1000 yr ago. A prominent Betula horizon at the base of the Nenets peat contains rooted birch trees ca. 10,000 to 9000 cal yr old and indicates a >200-km shift northward of the treeline from the present limits, corresponding to a 2° to 4°C summer warming across northern Eurasia.

  7. A sensitivity analysis of a radiological assessment model for Arctic waters

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Nielsen, S.P.

    1998-01-01

    A model based on compartment analysis has been developed to simulate the dispersion of radionuclides in Arctic waters for an assessment of doses to man. The model predicts concentrations of radionuclides in the marine environment and doses to man from a range of exposure pathways. A parameter sen...... scavenging, water-sediment interaction, biological uptake, ice transport and fish migration. Two independent evaluations of the release of radioactivity from dumped nuclear waste in the Kara Sea have been used as source terms for the dose calculations....

  8. Comment: ``On the computation of molecular auxiliary functions and ”

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    Frank E Harris

    2003-10-01

    Guseinov, Mamedov, Kara and Orbay (Pramana – J. Phys. 56, 691 (2001)) propose methods for evaluating the molecular auxiliary functions () and () for the range 17 ≤ ≤ 60 and 25 ≤ ≤ 60. However, their procedure for () is not new, and that for () is less efficient for their target range than another well-known method. Their approach does have merit for smaller non-zero values of . Two minor errors in table 1 of their paper are also identified.

  9. Nesting a Nonhydrostatic Model in a Hydrostatic Model: The Boundary Interface

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-01-01

    baro - tropic gravity wave speed and the damping coefficient as 4 35 . ioJ • 3 • 25 - ɟ(,-’)2 " 1 5 ’ ’ \\ 05 n - 10...topography by shaved cells in a height coordinate ocean model. Mon. Weather Rev.. 2293-2315. Barron. C.N.. Kara. A.B.. Martin . P.J.. Rhodes. R.C...Res. Ocean., 1319-1341. Riedlinger, S„ Preller, ft, Martin . P. 2006. Validation test report for the east Asian seas navy coastal ocean model

  10. Implementations of the Navy Coupled Ocean Data Assimilation System at the Naval Oceanographic Office

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-06-01

    represented as Cb = ChCvC f The default horizontal correlation length–scale used by NCODA is the (location–dependent) first order baro - clinic Rossby...2002. [9] C. N. Barron, A. B. Kara, P. J. Martin , R. C. Rhodes, and L. F. Smedstad, “Formulation, implementation and examination of ver- tical...33, pp. 67–79, 1999. [15] R. C. Rhodes, H. E. Hurlburt, A. J. Wallcraft, C. N. Barron, P. J. Martin , E. J. Metzger, J. F. Shriver, D. S. Ko, O. M

  11. 娱乐

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2005-01-01

    Adam Levine. Jesse Carmichael, Mickey Madden, and Ryan Dusick spent the latter half of the '90s playing in the modern rock foursome Kara's Flowers. The Fourth Worldwas their proper debut for Reprise, a favorite in the college market, but a change of direction loomed ahead. They left Reprise in 1999 and renamed themselves Maroon 5 with the addition of guitarist James Valentine. Levine and his junior-high pals spent the next years tweaking their rollicking style and played various music showcases in and around New York City and Los Angeles.

  12. New crude oils from Caspian Depression

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Zhmykhova, N.M.; Krylova, S.M.; Arenbrister, L.P.; Kolevatova, V.P.

    1987-07-01

    In this article the authors are reporting data on the characteristics of crude oils from new fields of the North Emba oil district (Zhanazhol, Kozhasaya, Karachaganak) and old fields in this same district (Kenkiyak, Kara-Tyube), and also the Tengiz field, which was discovered in the South Emba district. During the last few years, twenty samples of crude oils and condensates from these fields have been investigated at the All-Union Scientific Research Institute for Petroleum Processing (VNII NP). Characteristics of some of these crudes are listed.

  13. The Taimyr Peninsula and the Severnaya Zemlya archipelago, Arctic Russia

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Möller, Per; Alexanderson, Helena; Funder, Svend Visby;

    2015-01-01

    We here suggest a glacial and climate history of the Taimyr Peninsula and Severnaya Zemlya archipelago in arctic Siberia for the last about 150 000 years (ka). Primarily it is based on results from seven field seasons between 1996 and 2012, to a large extent already published in papers referred...... to in the text e and on data presented by Russian workers from the 1930s to our days and by German colleagues working there since the 1990s. Although glaciations even up here often started in the local mountains, their culminations in this region invariably seems to have centred on the shallow Kara Sea...

  14. Studies of High-Frequency Seismic Wave Propagation.

    Science.gov (United States)

    1991-03-29

    00).00 39󈧇𔃿 1~ 117𔃿 8󈧵" USSR stations Kararalinsk (KKL) 49󈧘’ 75O23’ Bayan"a (BAY) 50󈧵’ 75033’ Karas (K.SU) 49󈧽’ 81905’ U S stations Derep...1985; Peacock et al., 1988; Sax age et al., 1989; Savage et al., 1990; Aster et al., 1990; Gledhill, 1990). Malin et al. (1988) examined shear-wave...other networks (e.g., Savage et al., 1989, 1990; Gledhill, 1990). The Sfast direction at KNW-AZ and KNW-BH is approximately consistent with the

  15. Unification Strategy for North and South Korea: The Most Prudent U.S. Policy Option to Solve the North Korean Nuclear Crisis

    Science.gov (United States)

    2004-09-01

    wonderful wife, Judy; my two precious daughters, Hana and Kara; and my parents , Kwang-hi and Kun-ye for their enduring love and support. x...North or South Koreans, have a deep sense of pride that comes from thousands of years of Confucian heritage. As the Shufeldt mission of 1882 has...it is difficult, if not impossible, to see these policies as ethically or morally principled. Korea was used by the U.S. as a means to an end

  16. The Vitality of Kabiye in Togo Zur Überlebensfähigkeit des Kabiye in Togo

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Komlan Essowe Essizewa

    2009-01-01

    Full Text Available In Togo, speakers of Kabiye have been in contact with the speak¬ers of Ewe for several decades due to migration. As a result of this language contact, many members of the Kabiye speech community have become bilingual in Kabiye and Ewe. There have been a number of claims that Kabiye “est une langue en péril” (Aritiba 1993: 11. These claims have been based mainly on the observation of Kabiye speakers in Lomé and other major cities, where younger speakers seem to be losing their mother tongue to the benefit of Ewe. However, the extent of the loss of Kabiye is not well known because no extensive sociolinguistic study has been carried out among Kabiye speakers in these areas, and more specifically, in major Kabiye-speaking areas. The current study which has been carried out in Kara, the major Kabiye-speaking city and Awidina, a Kabiye village of the prefecture of Kara, fills the gap. The paper examines Kabiye speakers’ reports of patterns of language use in these areas of the Kabiye community. Seit einigen Jahrzehnten leben Kabiye-sprachige Migranten in Togo in Kontakt mit der Ewe-sprachigen Bevölkerung. Im Ergebnis dieses Sprachkontakts sind viele Angehörige der Kabiye-Sprachgemeinde bilingual und kombinieren Kabiye und Ewe. Kabiye wird inzwischen vielfach als sterbende Sprache angesehen. Diese Einschätzungen beruhen aber vor allem auf der Beobachtung von Kabiye-Sprachigen in Lomé und anderen großen Städten, wo die jungen Leute nach und nach ihre Muttersprache zugunsten von Ewe aufgeben. Dennoch ist über das Ausmaß des Verschwindens von Kabiye wenig bekannt, denn bislang gibt es keine extensive Studie unter Kabiye-Sprachigen in diesen Gebieten, insbesondere aber auch keine für Regionen, in denen Kabiye die wichtigste Sprache darstellt. Die vorliegende Studie, die in Kara, der wichtigsten Kabiye-sprachigen Stadt, und in Awidina, einem Kabiye-Dorf in der Präfektur Kara, durchgeführt wurde, will diese Lücke schließen. Der Autor

  17. 声与音

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2007-01-01

    <正>"雅虎有很好的资产,只差没有好好执行而已。"APPLE首席执行官Steve Jobs获邀至雅虎主管会议上做精神讲话时说。点评:听起来似乎很容易。华尔街日报All Things Digital博客作家Kara Swisher却提到许多人都相当怀疑雅虎是否真能做到

  18. Effects of alprostadil and iloprost on renal, lung, and skeletal muscle injury following hindlimb ischemia–reperfusion injury in rats

    OpenAIRE

    Erer D; Özer A; Demirtaş H; Gönül İI; Kara H; Arpacı H; Çomu FM; Oktar GL; Arslan M; Küçük A

    2016-01-01

    Dilek Erer,1,* Abdullah Özer,1,* Hüseyin Demirtaş,1 İpek Işık Gönül,2 Halil Kara,3 Hande Arpacı,4 Faruk Metin Çomu,5 Gürsel Levent Oktar,1 Mustafa Arslan,6 Ayşegül Küçük7 1Department of Cardiovascular Surgery, 2Department of Pathology, Gazi University Medical Faculty, 3Department of Pharmacology, Yıldırım Beyazıt University Medical Faculty, 4Department of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery, Ankara University Faculty of Dentistry, Besevler, An...

  19. Problem tożsamości i poetyka współczesnych sztuk wizualnych. Poetycka reinterpretacja dziedzictwa

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Rafał Solewski

    2015-05-01

    Full Text Available The article introduces the problem of personal identity studying in particular the role of searching the beginning and the reference point. An examination of the artists working at the turn of the century (Louise Bourgeois, Kara Walker, Eleanor Antin, Marty Deskur and Joan Jonas presents how art shows return to personal biological and cultural heritage (“archive” and expresses the tension between reinterpretation and re-projecting in the identity constructed on the basis of such return. Finally, poetic reinterpretation appears to suggest a metaphysical point of reference.

  20. (S)examensarbete

    OpenAIRE

    Pfaff, Cecilia

    2016-01-01

    Preface: Thank you to all the women in my life who have supported me through this process; to my mother, to my other mother (Susan), to Kara, to Jordan and, of course, to Dolly. Summary: (S)examensarbete is a journey through which I have questioned if knitting can be sexy. It begins as a need to occupy my hands and goes on to encompass social media, a feminist view of the body, Dolly Parton, pin-ups, craftivism, interactivity and humor as a mechanism to hide the urge/need to be sexy. Through ...

  1. (S)examensarbete

    OpenAIRE

    Pfaff, Cecilia

    2016-01-01

    Preface: Thank you to all the women in my life who have supported me through this process; to my mother, to my other mother (Susan), to Kara, to Jordan and, of course, to Dolly. Summary: (S)examensarbete is a journey through which I have questioned if knitting can be sexy. It begins as a need to occupy my hands and goes on to encompass social media, a feminist view of the body, Dolly Parton, pin-ups, craftivism, interactivity and humor as a mechanism to hide the urge/need to be sexy. Through ...

  2. The French Socialist Party: Membership between Closed and Open Primaries

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Marino De Luca

    2015-03-01

    Full Text Available For some years now the clamor for democratisation of parties' internal functioning has been spreading across democracies. Among them, France has advanced impressively in the past few years. In 2006, the Socialist Party (PS launched a closed primary to choose the socialist candidate, Ségolène Royal, for the 2007 presidential election. Approaching the 2012 presidential elections, the leftist coalition (PS and PRG launched open primary elections to select its chief-executive candidates, with François Hollande finally emerging as a nominee. In this article, we shall examine how the socialist membership changed during the past three socialist congresses, analysing the outcome of the two above-mentioned primary elections. In particular, we shall observe the Le Mans (2005, Reims (2008 and Toulouse (2012 Congresses, and describe membership, participation, and competitiveness within the PS. The study was based on data collected from an administrative unit, the French départements.

  3. Land Competition and Land-Use Change:

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Vongvisouk, Thoumthone

    software. Quantitative data was compiled in a Microsoft Access database and analyzed in Excel. Land-use and livelihood changes are taking place rapidly in the study sites. Overall, land-use change underwent transformation away from subsistence shifting cultivation to cash crops, intensive agriculture......Land competition and land-use changes are taking place in many developing countries as the demand for land increases. These changes are leading to changes in the livelihood conditions of rural people. The Government of Laos (GoL), on the one hand, aims to increase forest protection. On the other......, and industrial tree plantations but shifting cultivation still remains an important land-use system. Land conversion from shifting cultivation for subsistence to commercial crops is most clearly seen in areas with good infrastructure (e.g. road network). This conversion is partly in response to market demands...

  4. Proceedings of an Economic and Social Analysis Workshop Held on 16-20 July 1984 at Chicago, Illinois. Addendum,

    Science.gov (United States)

    1985-09-01

    17.36 SCHILLER PARK 3155 9620 330.70 40.25 33279.69 65.42 57.2 LINCOLNWOOD0 11921 1395 35.53 33.05 471533 6.31 £5.57 RIVER FOREST 12392 16232 31.36...22.35 SCHILLER PARK 72.46 19.30 11.67 3.14 LINCOLN WOOD 135.39 37.45 22.6 6.23 RIVER FOREST 159.36 35.43 29.77 10.35 WESTERN SPRINGS 53.53 21.02 6.22...posited alternative projects. These com- munities are: Forest Park "Gol f " LaGrange LaGrange Park Phoenix River Forest River Grove One of those

  5. L’œuvre de Walter Crane, Kate Greenaway et Randolph Caldecott, une piste pour une définition de l’album

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    François Fièvre

    2012-02-01

    Full Text Available D’après Ségolène Le Men, l’album pour enfants naît, à l’époque romantique, au croisement de trois autres formes d’albums : la surface blanche librement investie, sous forme écrite ou dessinée, de l’album antique (mur blanchi à la chaux pour servir de champ d’inscription ; le recueil d’images, de textes et de partitions musicales, avec forte implication affective, de l’album amicorum ; enfin le recueil d’estampes où l’artiste a une auctorialité réaffirmée. En Angleterre comme en France, les p...

  6. Air Force Instructor Evaluation Enhancement: Effective Teaching Behaviors and Assessment Procedures

    Science.gov (United States)

    1989-08-01

    Cva L 3o -6 .C L L C 41 3 4 m ’A4.0 EI 41 a1 U~ & a Q inO~. aa41 L. V - a Va v Lo G m a CL GoL U. v ’A~3 ’Ac L 4! . C~ S: - a . ’a4 -- =- * a a-b L. 4A...strategies to motivate students for learning. a.rewtos !0 -Weests 10 Maintains,,SUopor~ive erornment. a. avoids sarcasm /megative :-!csrm 3.. - h...71iA+1 -me tW 5urriS e,L Se .1 maintairis ctiurTeous vi-:9 ei r -g .c encourages a. Al cu-~~ -hPraises ~~4a" C.~.." "ine~ e~t~i~ *estaoasnres ’acoort A

  7. Research and development to prepare and characterize robust coal/biomass mixtures for direct co-feeding into gasification systems

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Felix, Larry [Inst. Of Gas Technology, Des Plaines, IL (United States); Farthing, William [Inst. Of Gas Technology, Des Plaines, IL (United States); Hoekman, S. Kent [Inst. Of Gas Technology, Des Plaines, IL (United States)

    2014-12-31

    This project was initiated on October 1, 2010 and utilizes equipment and research supported by the Department of Energy, National Energy Technology Laboratory, under Award Number DE- FE0005349. It is also based upon previous work supported by the Department of Energy, National Energy Technology Laboratory, under Award Numbers DOE-DE-FG36-01GOl1082, DE-FG36-02G012011 or DE-EE0000272. The overall goal of the work performed was to demonstrate and assess the economic viability of fast hydrothermal carbonization (HTC) for transforming lignocellulosic biomass into a densified, friable fuel to gasify like coal that can be easily blended with ground coal and coal fines and then be formed into robust, weather-resistant pellets and briquettes.

  8. Study of structural and conformational change in cytochrome, C through molecular dynamic simulation in presence of gold nanoparticles

    Science.gov (United States)

    Moudgil, Lovika; Singh, Baljinder; Kaura, Aman; Singh, Gurinder; Tripathi, S. K.; Saini, G. S. S.

    2017-05-01

    Proteins are the most abundant organic molecules in living system having diverse structures and various functions than the other classes of macromolecules. We have done Molecular Dynamics (MD) simulation of the Cytochrome,C (Cyt,c) protein found in plants, animals and many unicellular animals in the presence of gold nanoparticles (Au NPs). MD results helped to recognize the amino acids that play important role to make the interaction possible between protein and gold surface. In the present study we have examined the structural change of protein in the presence of gold surface and its adsorption on the surface through MD simulations with the help of Gold-Protein (GolP) force field. Results were further analyzed to understand the protein interaction up to molecular level.

  9. ANÁLISIS DEL CORNER EN FUNCIÓN DEL MOMENTO DEL PARTIDO EN EL MUNDIAL DE COREA Y JAPÓN 2002

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    David Borrás

    2005-01-01

    Full Text Available El objetivo del presente trabajo es valorar si existen diferencias entre los corners lanzados en la primera o en la segunda parte de un partido. Se analizaron 486 corners en 50 partidos del Mundial de Corea y Japón 2002. La modalidad de corner más utilizada es a pie cambiado, con rosca interna y al centro. Con relación a la eficacia, tan sólo el 21,81% de los lanzamientos finalizan con tiro a puerta, de los cuales el 12,96% finalizan con un remate fuera de la portería y el 8,85% con un tiro entre los tres palos y tan sólo el 2,47% finalizan en gol. No se aprecian diferencias significativas entre los lanzamientos analizados en la primera y la segunda parte.

  10. Rezension zu: Christina Holtz-Bacha (Hg.: Frauen, Politik und Medien. Wiesbaden: VS Verlag für Sozialwissenschaften 2008

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Tanja Maier

    2009-03-01

    Full Text Available In dem von Christina Holtz-Bacha herausgegebenen Sammelband wird aus einer kommunikationswissenschaftlichen Perspektive untersucht, wie Politikerinnen in höchsten politischen Ämtern medial repräsentiert werden. In den einzelnen Beiträgen wird der Frage nachgegangen, ob die zunehmende Sichtbarkeit von Politikerinnen wie Angela Merkel, Christina Kirchner oder Ségolène Royal auch zu einer veränderten medialen Berichterstattung geführt habe. Analysiert werden nicht nur die mediale Präsenz von Politikerinnen im Vergleich zu ihren männlichen Kollegen, sondern auch die Gemeinsamkeiten und Unterschiede in den textuellen und bildlichen Darstellungsweisen. Der Band liefert aus der Perspektive der politischen Kommunikationsforschung einige interessante empirische Einzelanalysen. Die theoretische Auseinandersetzung mit Konzepten der Geschlechterforschung spielt nur am Rande eine Rolle.

  11. Gold-weaving Fabric and Its Popularity in the Mongol-yuan Period%织金锦及其在蒙元时期的流行

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    苏轩; 杨小明

    2012-01-01

    介绍了织金锦纳石失和金缎子,比较分析了两种织金锦的异同和在蒙元时期的流行情况,以及从蒙元时期古代墓葬中出土的织金、印金织物,总结了纳石失等织金织物在蒙元时期流行并达到鼎盛的原因。%It introduced nasish gold satin, compared and analyzed two types of gold-weaving fabrics and the situation of the popu- larity in the Mongol-yuan period, as well as the gold-weaving fabric and gold-plated fabric unearthed from ancient tombs in the Mon- gol-yuan period, summarized the reasons why gold-weaving fabric such as nasish was popular in the Mongol-yuan period.

  12. Clinical Review of the Effects of Hominis Placental Pharmacopuncture in the Treatment of Facial Spasm Patients

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jo Na-Young

    2013-09-01

    Full Text Available Objectives: The main purpose of this research is to investigate the effect of treatment with Hominis Placental pharmacopuncture (HPP for 32 patients with hemifacial spasm. Methods: We treated facial spasm patients with acupuncture and HPP at Sabaek (ST2, Seung-eup (ST1, Gwallyeo (SI18, Chanjuk (BL2, Sajukgong (TE23, Hagwan (ST7, Hyeopgeo (ST6, Jichang (ST4, Wan-gol (SI4 and Yepung (TE17, and we investigated the effect by using Scott’s scale. The data were analyzed by using the SPSS/10.0 for windows program with descriptive statistics, the paired t-test, and the Shapiro-Wilk normality test. Results: After treatment, the grade of the spasm’s intensity based on Scott’s description were decreased significantly. About 72% of the patients felt that the combination treatment had produced excellent results. Conclusion: These data suggested that HPP can be useful for treating facial spasm patients.

  13. The Firmware of the Front-End Driver for the Data Acquisition System of the TOTEM Experiment

    CERN Document Server

    Fiergolski, Adrian

    2010-01-01

    The TOTEM experiment at the LHC at CERN will measure the total proton-proton cross section with precision of 1%, elastic proton scattering and diffractive dissociation at the center of the mass energy of 14 TeV. This document is report on the TOTFed motherboard, which is the main part of the on-line Data Acquisition of the TOTEM. The designed firmware is supposed to collect data from the particle detectors, build a consistent event frame and send it to the counting room. The data processing is divided between 7 FPGAs. To accomplish the objective, specialized interfaces such as VME64x, S-Link 64, Gigabit Optical Link (GOL) are used. Since a significant part of the applied electronics is specific only for the LHC machine, the FPGA firmware implementation required a deep understanding of the Data Acquisition System and then intensive studies and debugging of the developed solutions.

  14. The firmware of the front-end driver for the data acquisition system of the TOTEM experiment

    Science.gov (United States)

    Fiergolski, Adrian; Quinto, Michele

    2010-09-01

    The TOTEM experiment at the LHC at CERN will measure the total proton-proton cross section with precision of 1 %, elastic proton scattering and diffractive dissociation at the center of the mass energy of 14 TeV. This article is brief report on the TOTFed motherboard, which is the main part of the on-line Data Acquisition of the TOTEM. The designed firmware is supposed to collect data from the particle detectors, build a consistent event frame and send it to the counting room. The data processing is divided between 7 FPGAs. To accomplish the objective, specialized interfaces such as VME64x, S-Link 64, Gigabit Optical Link (GOL) are used. Since a significant part of the applied electronics is specific only for the LHC machine, the FPGA firmware implementation required a deep understanding of the Data Acquisition System and then intensive studies and debugging of the developed solutions.

  15. Nonlinear surface waves in soft, weakly compressible elastic media.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zabolotskaya, Evgenia A; Ilinskii, Yurii A; Hamilton, Mark F

    2007-04-01

    Nonlinear surface waves in soft, weakly compressible elastic media are investigated theoretically, with a focus on propagation in tissue-like media. The model is obtained as a limiting case of the theory developed by Zabolotskaya [J. Acoust. Soc. Am. 91, 2569-2575 (1992)] for nonlinear surface waves in arbitrary isotropic elastic media, and it is consistent with the results obtained by Fu and Devenish [Q. J. Mech. Appl. Math. 49, 65-80 (1996)] for incompressible isotropic elastic media. In particular, the quadratic nonlinearity is found to be independent of the third-order elastic constants of the medium, and it is inversely proportional to the shear modulus. The Gol'dberg number characterizing the degree of waveform distortion due to quadratic nonlinearity is proportional to the square root of the shear modulus and inversely proportional to the shear viscosity. Simulations are presented for propagation in tissue-like media.

  16. Who takes care of the children? The presentation of female top politicians in the media

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Christina Holtz-Bacha

    2013-10-01

    Full Text Available The essay reflects on the media representation commonly associates with women politicians. Starting with a critique of media coverage about some political leaders in several countries, such as Angela Merkel, Michelle Bachelet, Ségolène Royal, Cristina Fernández de Kirchner and Hillary Clinton, the paper discusses the phenomenon of the double bind to which women are subjected in politics: if a woman presents herself as being cool, calculating and aggressive as it is expected in the political business she risks to be rejected as a virago. If she recommends herself with allegedly female traits, she will be regarded as not being viable for the serious challenges of the political business. There is no easy formula for how women should represent themselves. Since there are only few opportunities for direct contact between politicians and the electorate, it is necessary to deal with public image reported by media.

  17. Laboratory studies of briquetting and coking of hard brown coals

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Wollenberg, R.; Basanshaw, B.

    1988-01-01

    Assesses feasibility of producing lumpy, high strength coke from hard brown coal unsuitable for conventional briquetting and coking technologies. Laboratory studies used brown coal with 11.5 to 23.5% ash content and 11.8 to 48% coal moisture from the Adun-tschulun, Scharin-gol, Baga-nur and Nalaich deposits in Mongolia. Two experimental briquetting technologies (briquetting of pregranulated coal dust, briquetting of dried coal from slurry comminution) were applied. Resulting briquets were coked at maximum 1,000 C temperature. Graphs provide briquetting and coking results. Influence of major briquetting and coking parameters is evaluated. The highest briquet compression strength obtained ranged between 15.2 and 34.3 MPa, the highest coke compression strength was 32.0 up to 87.0 MPa. Studies proved that suitable coke for use in the metallurgical and chemical industry can be produced from various types of hard brown coal. 6 refs.

  18. Numerical simulation of nonlinear processes in a beam-plasma system

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Efimova, A. A., E-mail: anna.an.efimova@gmail.com; Berendeev, E. A.; Vshivkov, V. A. [Institute of Computational Mathematics and Mathematical Geophysics SB RAS 6 Acad. Lavrentyev Ave., Novosibirsk 630090 (Russian Federation); Dudnikova, G. I. [University of Maryland, College Park, MD 20742 (United States); Institute of Computational Technologies SB RAS, 6 Acad. Lavrentyev Ave., Novosibirsk 630090 (Russian Federation)

    2015-10-28

    In the present paper we consider the efficiency of the electromagnetic radiation generation due to various nonlinear processes in the beam-plasma system. The beam and plasma parameters were chosen close to the parameters in the experiment on the GOL-3 facility (BINP SB RAS). The model of the collisionless plasma is described by system of the Vlasov-Maxwell equations with periodic boundary conditions. The parallel numerical algorithm is based on the particles-in-cell method (PIC) with mixed Euler-Lagrangian domain decomposition. Various scenarios of nonlinear evolution in the beam-plasma system under the influence of an external magnetic field in case of a low density beam were studied. The energy transfer from one unstable mode to the others modes was observed.

  19. Positivity of Lyapunov exponents for Anderson-type models on two coupled strings

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Hakim Boumaza

    2007-03-01

    Full Text Available We study two models of Anderson-type random operators on two deterministically coupled continuous strings. Each model is associated with independent, identically distributed four-by-four symplectic transfer matrices, which describe the asymptotics of solutions. In each case we use a criterion by Gol'dsheid and Margulis (i.e. Zariski denseness of the group generated by the transfer matrices in the group of symplectic matrices to prove positivity of both leading Lyapunov exponents for most energies. In each case this implies almost sure absence of absolutely continuous spectrum (at all energies in the first model and for sufficiently large energies in the second model. The methods used allow for singularly distributed random parameters, including Bernoulli distributions.

  20. The Application of Biocybernetic Techniques to Enhance Pilot Performance during Tactical missions.

    Science.gov (United States)

    1979-10-01

    link receivers (e.g., JTIDS). We should mention that a more inclusive listing would encompass the feedback j devices which are used to monitor the...E 4j 41 1"O’ 41 41E 6E0L. Wi~ o C 41E ou IM . C E~ Efl A C) r) 44r .0 0I L. M u 4w wo0 E~ u C Cr Cu C fa~uci -0 8,, 2 4-4 -J A GOL G# C 41E 6,v- z...achieve criterion levels of display performance. Regan (in press) recently has proposed such a " feedback loop" for a form of exoge- nous activity labelled

  1. Curr ent Status of the Przewalski’s Horse Populations Reintroduced to Mongolia

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Amarkhuu Enkhtur

    2007-12-01

    Full Text Available In 1992 the reintroduction program of the Przewalski’s horses in Mongolia was initiated, and totally 84 individuals of Przewalski’s horses were brought to the Hustai National Park between 1992 and 2000. At the same time another reintroduction program of the Przewalski’s horses was started, and 87 individuals were released in the Ta hiin T al (Bijiin Gol area in the semi-desert ecosystem of Southwestern Mongolia. Recently , in the Khomyn Tal ar ea of We s tern Mongolia transferred 24 individuals of Przewalski’s horses from zoos (the reintroduction program was started in 2004. All captive Przewalski’s horses were released into the wild (in 1994 in Hustai, and 1996 in Tah iin T al, and the populations of horses are gradually increasing in both sites. In this work, the results of analyses on the population dynamics of Przewalski’ s horses, reintroduced in these two sites are discussed.

  2. Effect of different integrated weed management methods on weed density and yield of sugar beet crop

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    alireza koochaki

    2009-06-01

    Full Text Available In order to compare different weed management methods in sugar beet, two experiments were conducted at mashhad for two years in 2005-2006 and 2006-2007. Each experiment designed as a Complete Randomized Block with three replication. The treatments include: Metamitron(Goltix plus Phenmedipham (Betanal (Gol+Bet, Goltix plus Cultivation (Gol+Cu, Disk plus Betanal (Di+Bet, Disk plus Cultivation(Di+Cu, Cover Crop plus Betanal (Co+Bet, Cover Crop plus Cultivation (Co+Cu, Weeding (W and Betanal plus Weeding (Bet+W. Samplings were taken at three stages early season, after imposing the treatments and late season. Results showed that at early season in two experiments, density of weeds was lower in cover crop and disk treatment compared with other treats and the second sampling in first experiment, weeding and disk plus cultivation of treatments with 21.5 and 26.6 respectively plants per m2 and in second experiment year, weeding and application betanal plus weeding treatments, with 14 and 17.8 respectively plant in m2 showed the lowest. In the second experiment year, minimum and maximum sugar beet yield were obtained with cover crop plus betanal and weeding with 43 and 104 ton per hectare respectively. The lowest yield was obtained in check plots with 3.5ton per hectare. Maximum sugar contain (19.35% was obtained in betanal herbicide plus cultivation treatment and minimum (14.88% was obtained with hand weeding treatment. However maximum sugar beet yield was obtained with betanal plus weeding (17.85 ton per hectare and the minimum with cover crop plus betanal (7.5 ton per hectare. Key words: integrated weed management, cover crop, herbicide, cultivation, sugar beet.

  3. Aplicación del análisis secuencial de retardos

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Daniel Barreira

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available En el presente trabajo se utilizaron partidos del Campeonato Europeo de la UEFA y del Mundo de la FIFA para evaluar la evolución de los patrones ofensivos de juego entre 1982 y 2010. Para ello se utilizó el instrumento de observación, codificación y registro Soccer Eye en la recopilación de 45 partidos, que supuso un total de 6.791 ataques y 73.463 multieventos. Se implementó el análisis secuencial por medio del software SDIS – GSEQ, que permitió conocer los cambios producidos en las últimas tres décadas en la dinámica de los ataques que terminaron en gol. Los goles fueron con seguidos desde la zona central del sector ofensivo, en situaciones de uno contra uno del atacante contra el portero. Además, el equipo atacante mostró más jugadores en el centro del juego que el adversario en el momento en que los goles se anotaron. Con el tiempo, los patrones de ataque con gol realizados por equipos de élite han cambiado desde comportamientos más individuales, como conducción del balón y drible (1x1 en el eje central del terreno de juego, hacia tácticas basadas en el equipo, tales como pases cortos y centros desde las bandas. La comprensión de cómo las dinámicas de juego de los equipos de élite ha cambiado con el tiempo permitirá a los entrenadores desarrollar ejercicios de entrenamiento que tendrán más probabilidades de mejorar el éxito individual y colectivo de los equipos.

  4. Análise das relações entre tempo, custo e distância de algumas viagens aéreas com a metodologia DEA

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Vitor de Souza Lima

    2011-09-01

    Full Text Available

    A aviação brasileira sofreu grandes transformações desde a desregulamentação do setor, ocorrida no início do século XXI. Por um lado, a entrada no mercado da companhia aérea Gol Linhas Aéreas Inteligentes, primeira empresa na América Latina a trabalhar sob o conceito low-cost, low-fare e a definição da internet como grande canal de comercialização de bilhetes aéreos, acirrou a concorrência por passageiros. Em contrapartida, os efeitos da Crise Aérea no país, quando se iniciou um período de transtornos provocados por atrasos e cancelamentos de voos; a compra da Varig pela Gol, com o visível duopólio do setor; e, ultimamente, a crise financeira global, trouxeram novos contornos para esse mercado. É nesse cenário de turbulências que se insere esse estudo. Buscou-se identificar, à luz dos conceitos de Análise de Envoltória de Dados, e dentro de uma amostra de voos em rotas de grande demanda no mercado nacional, aqueles que são mais eficientes sob a ótica do consumidor, a partir de uma análise de custos e benefícios fundamentais de uma viagem aérea. Também foi interesse dessa pesquisa, apresentar os principais aspectos que posicionaram esses voos como eficientes dentro da amostra.

  5. Plutonium in the Arctic Marine Environment — A Short Review

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Lindis Skipperud

    2004-01-01

    Full Text Available Anthropogenic plutonium has been introduced into the environment over the past 50 years as the result of the detonation of nuclear weapons and operational releases from the nuclear industry. In the Arctic environment, the main source of plutonium is from atmospheric weapons testing, which has resulted in a relatively uniform, underlying global distribution of plutonium. Previous studies of plutonium in the Kara Sea have shown that, at certain sites, other releases have given rise to enhanced local concentrations. Since different plutonium sources are characterised by distinctive plutonium-isotope ratios, evidence of a localised influence can be supported by clear perturbations in the plutonium-isotope ratio fingerprints as compared to the known ratio in global fallout. In Kara Sea sites, such perturbations have been observed as a result of underwater weapons tests at Chernaya Bay, dumped radioactive waste in Novaya Zemlya, and terrestrial runoff from the Ob and Yenisey Rivers. Measurement of the plutonium-isotope ratios offers both a means of identifying the origin of radionuclide contamination and the influence of the various nuclear installations on inputs to the Arctic, as well as a potential method for following the movement of water and sediment loads in the rivers.

  6. Mechanism of seasonal Arctic sea ice evolution and Arctic amplification

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kim, Kwang-Yul; Hamlington, Benjamin D.; Na, Hanna; Kim, Jinju

    2016-09-01

    Sea ice loss is proposed as a primary reason for the Arctic amplification, although the physical mechanism of the Arctic amplification and its connection with sea ice melting is still in debate. In the present study, monthly ERA-Interim reanalysis data are analyzed via cyclostationary empirical orthogonal function analysis to understand the seasonal mechanism of sea ice loss in the Arctic Ocean and the Arctic amplification. While sea ice loss is widespread over much of the perimeter of the Arctic Ocean in summer, sea ice remains thin in winter only in the Barents-Kara seas. Excessive turbulent heat flux through the sea surface exposed to air due to sea ice reduction warms the atmospheric column. Warmer air increases the downward longwave radiation and subsequently surface air temperature, which facilitates sea surface remains to be free of ice. This positive feedback mechanism is not clearly observed in the Laptev, East Siberian, Chukchi, and Beaufort seas, since sea ice refreezes in late fall (November) before excessive turbulent heat flux is available for warming the atmospheric column in winter. A detailed seasonal heat budget is presented in order to understand specific differences between the Barents-Kara seas and Laptev, East Siberian, Chukchi, and Beaufort seas.

  7. Sicil Affı Yasası 2017 yılında çıkıyor.

    OpenAIRE

    Reza

    2016-01-01

    Kara Liste ve sicil affı yasası 2017 yılı itibaryle gün yüzüne çıkıyor ve birçok kişinin halihazırda iyi haberlerini beklediği yasa tasarısı meclise sunuldu. 11 milyondan fazla bireysel 2 milyondan fazla kurumsal şirketin yararlanacağı bu yasanın meclisten çok yüksek ihtimalle geçeceği ön görülüyor. 2017 ocak ayında geçmesi planlanan sicil affı için kısaca geri sayım başladı diyebiliriz. Kara listede bulunuyorsanız veya yasal takibe düştüyseniz bu aftan yararlanabileceksiniz. Sicil affı yasas...

  8. Analysis of seawater circulation and radioactive concentration in the whole Arctic Ocean

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ochiai, Minoru; Wada, Akira; Takano, Tairyu

    The results of research on marine contamination in the regional areas (the Kara and Barents Seas) in the Arctic Ocean were reported at the Journal of the Japan Society for Marine Survey and Technology, Vol. 15(2). In the present research, the authors carried out flow analysis and concentration analysis of radioactive materials in the whole region of the Arctic Ocean, based on the release scenario. A numerical hybrid box model was developed. The results obtained agreed with the observed features in many respects. Especially, stream flows in Norwegian, Barents Sea and Kara Sea showed fairly realistic features. The flow field in the surface layer in the central Arctic Ocean agreed with that in previously known data. In nuclide dispersion model, nuclide decay, mixing, scavenging and interaction between seawater and bottom sediment layers were taken into consideration in order to improve accuracy of the dosage estimate. Based on nuclide (Pu-239 and Cs-137) release scenarios, the whole Arctic Ocean was subjected to analysis. A clear difference was recognized in the diffusion distribution according to the properties of nuclides, and concentration in the sediment is one or two orders higher than that in the seawater when the distribution factor of Kd value is large as in Pu-239.

  9. Atmospheric methane over Siberia: measurements from the 2014 YAK-AEROSIB aircraft campaign

    Science.gov (United States)

    Paris, Jean-Daniel; Pisso, Ignacio; Ancellet, Gérard; Law, Kathy; Arshinov, Mikhail Yu.; Belan, Boris D.; Nédélec, Philippe; Myhre, Cathrine Lund

    2017-04-01

    The YAK-AEROSIB program collects high-precision in-situ measurements of the vertical distribution of CO2, CH4, CO, O3, black carbon and ultrafine particles distribution in the Siberian troposphere, as well as other parameters including aerosol lidar profiles, on a pan-Siberian aircraft transect. Recent efforts aim at better understanding the respective role of CH4 emission processes in driving its large scale atmospheric variability over the region. The October 2014 YAK-AEROSIB/MOCA campaign from Novosibirsk to Salekhard and over the Kara sea and the Yamal peninsula sampled air masses affected by local, regional and remote pollution. We analyse the contribution of local anthropogenic sources to measured CH4 enhancements, in relation to atmospheric mixing and transport conditions. Our analysis also attempts to detect CH4 signal from sources of methane in the Siberian shelf and the Arctic ocean during low level flight legs over the Kara sea using the airborne measurements and a Lagrangian model coupled to potential CH4 hydrate and geological sources. The measured CH4 concentrations do not contradict a potential source upstream of our measurements, but the interpretation is challenging due to a very low CH4 signal. The challenging question of the methane budget and its evolution in Siberia leads to a need for new approaches. A new generation of airborne measurements, more flexible, is now needed.

  10. Enhanced ice sheet growth in Eurasia owing to adjacent ice-dammed lakes.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Krinner, G; Mangerud, J; Jakobsson, M; Crucifix, M; Ritz, C; Svendsen, J I

    2004-01-29

    Large proglacial lakes cool regional summer climate because of their large heat capacity, and have been shown to modify precipitation through mesoscale atmospheric feedbacks, as in the case of Lake Agassiz. Several large ice-dammed lakes, with a combined area twice that of the Caspian Sea, were formed in northern Eurasia about 90,000 years ago, during the last glacial period when an ice sheet centred over the Barents and Kara seas blocked the large northbound Russian rivers. Here we present high-resolution simulations with an atmospheric general circulation model that explicitly simulates the surface mass balance of the ice sheet. We show that the main influence of the Eurasian proglacial lakes was a significant reduction of ice sheet melting at the southern margin of the Barents-Kara ice sheet through strong regional summer cooling over large parts of Russia. In our simulations, the summer melt reduction clearly outweighs lake-induced decreases in moisture and hence snowfall, such as has been reported earlier for Lake Agassiz. We conclude that the summer cooling mechanism from proglacial lakes accelerated ice sheet growth and delayed ice sheet decay in Eurasia and probably also in North America.

  11. Interannual Arctic sea ice variability and associated winter weather patterns: A regional perspective for 1979-2014

    Science.gov (United States)

    Chen, Hans W.; Alley, Richard B.; Zhang, Fuqing

    2016-12-01

    Using Arctic sea ice concentration derived from passive microwave satellite observations in autumn and early winter over the 1979-2014 period, the Arctic region was objectively classified into several smaller regions based on the interannual sea ice variability through self-organizing map analyses. The trend in regional sea ice extent (RSIE) in each region was removed using an adaptive, nonlinear, and nonstationary method called Ensemble Empirical Mode Decomposition, which captures well the accelerating decline of Arctic RSIEs in recent decades. Although the linear trend in RSIE is negative in all regions in both seasons, there are marked differences in RSIE trends and variability between regions, with the largest negative trends found during autumn in the Beaufort Sea, the Barents-Kara Seas, and the Laptev-East Siberian Seas. Winter weather patterns associated with the nonlinearly detrended RSIEs show distinct features for different regions and tend to be better correlated with the autumn than early winter RSIE anomalies. Sea ice losses in the Beaufort Sea and the Barents-Kara Seas are both associated with a cooling of Eurasia, but in the former case the circulation anomaly is reminiscent of a Rossby wave train, whereas in the latter case the pattern projects onto the negative phase of the Arctic Oscillation. These results highlight the nonuniform changes in Arctic sea ice and suggest that regional sea ice variations may play a crucial role for the winter weather patterns.

  12. The influence of winter and summer atmospheric circulation on the variability of temperature and sea ice around Greenland

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Masayo Ogi

    2016-10-01

    Full Text Available Most peripheral seas of the Arctic Ocean have seen a pronounced rise in sea surface temperatures in the past century, and this signature of Arctic amplification in proximity to the land suggests that the observed marine and terrestrial changes might be connected to each other. Using in situ observations of temperature from nine coastal meteorological stations around Greenland (GrSTs and remotely sensed fields of sea ice extent (SIE, we examine the interannual variations of surface air temperature (T2m and sea level pressure (SLP anomalies associated with the GrSTs and SIEs surrounding Greenland, specifically within Baffin Bay, the Greenland Sea and Kara-Barents Seas. During winter, the interannual variation in T2m and SLP of the west and south coasts of GrSTs and the Baffin Bay SIE are different from that of the east coast of GrSTs and the SIEs in the Greenland Sea and Kara-Barents Seas. The GrSTs on the west and south coasts of Greenland and the Baffin Bay SIE are associated with the T2m anomalies over Baffin Bay and Davis Strait. The winter SLP patterns associated with these GrSTs and SIEs show positive anomalies over the Arctic and negative anomalies over the North Atlantic with a large-scale atmospheric circulation such as the winter NAO. On the contrary, the east coast of GrSTs and the SIEs in the Greenland Sea and Kara-Barents Seas are correlated with the T2m anomalies over the Greenland Sea and Barents Sea. The surface wind pattern associated with the SIEs in the Greenland Sea and Kara-Barents Seas has a cyclonic circulation in the Greenland Sea and Barents Sea. At the local scale the cyclonic circulation could induce negative SIE anomalies and contribute to increasing open water in the Greenland Sea and Barents Sea. The effect of the loss of sea ice and the heat from the open ocean warming to the atmosphere may influence the GrSTs in the east coast of Greenland. As a result, the T2m pattern associated with the GrSTs in the east coast of

  13. 内蒙古生态保护工程对农牧民生产生活方式的影响%Impact of Ecological Conservation Program on Lifestyle Changes of Households in Inner Mongolia

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    吴睿子; 甄霖; 杜秉贞; 胡云峰; 闫慧敏; 曹晓昌; 龙鑫

    2012-01-01

    As the participants and affected persons of ecological conservation program in the Inner Mongolia,local households should be involved when we assess the effects and efficiency of those ecological projects and their comments and wills should be highly concerned when government makes decisions on the future ecological policy.In this study,we used questionnaire-based investigation and positivist analysis methods to inspecting the production and livelihood changes in the three typical grassland transects from 1995 to 2010 since ecological policy applied and analyzed their reasons.The survey covered 209 families in 3 countries of Inner Mongolia(Hulun Buir,Xilin Gol and Ordos).The results showed that:1)The family-owned farmland per household was significant reduced in all three regions of Hulun Buir,Xilin Gol and Ordos,in which the production shift to intensive production modes.And the inputs of production was increased.A general trend is that family income and the productivities of tillage and husbandry were promoted after the implementation of ecological project,though the gross yields of grain and livestock were decreased.Hulun Buir region mainly relied on animal husbandry,agriculture and animal husbandry are both the dominated economic activities in Xilin Gol area.A great reduction on the income of agricultural and animal breeding has been shown in Ordos region,however,the proportion of income from Migrant job has increased;2)Food consumption structure shifted to the preference of divers and nutritionally balanced development,especially more vegetables and fruits.While the different propensity for consuming meat are closely related with the regional national eating habits.In Hulun Buir region,the mutton consumption was decreased and cereals increased because of the grazing restriction policy.In Ordos region the mutton and beef consumption decreased and the pork consumption increased,since there had larger han population;3)The amount of livestock dung was

  14. How might the North American ice sheet influence the Northwestern Eurasian climate?

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    P. Beghin

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available During the last glacial period (∼21 000 years ago, two continental-scale ice sheets covered the Canada and northern Europe. It is now widely acknowledged that these past ice sheets exerted a strong influence on climate by causing changes in atmospheric and oceanic circulations. In turn, these changes may have impacted the development of the ice sheets themselves through a combination of different feedback mechanisms. The present study is designed to investigate the potential impact of the North American ice sheet on the surface mass balance (SMB of the Eurasian ice sheet through simulated changes in the past glacial atmospheric circulation. Using the LMDz5 atmospheric circulation model, we carried out twelve experiments run under constant Last Glacial Maximum (LGM conditions for insolation, greenhouse gases and ocean. In the all experiments, the Eurasian ice sheet is removed. The twelve experiments differ in the North American ice-sheet topography, ranging from a white and flat (present-day topography ice sheet to a full-size LGM ice sheet. This experimental design allows to disentangle the albedo and the topographic impacts of the North American ice sheet onto the climate. The results are compared to our baseline experiment where both the North American and the Eurasian ice sheets have been removed. In summer, we show that the only albedo effect of the American ice sheet modifies the pattern of planetary waves with respect to the no-ice sheet case, causing a cooling of the Eurasian region. By contrast, the atmospheric circulation changes induced by the topography of the North American ice sheet imply summer warming in Northwestern Eurasia. In winter, the Scandinavian and the Barents–Kara regions respond differently to the albedo effect: in response to atmospheric circulation changes, Scandinavia is warmed up and precipitation is more abundant whereas Barents–Kara area is cooled down, decreasing convection process and thus leading to less

  15. Main types of gold ore forming systems and their relationship with the paleogeodynamic settings on the Taimyr Peninsula and the Severnaya Zemlya Archipelago

    Science.gov (United States)

    Proskurnin, Vasiliy; Anatoly, Gavrish; Aleksandra, Bagaeva; Petrushkov, Boris; Shneider, Alexey; Saltanov, Vasily; Stepunina, Maria; Proskurnina, Alina

    2014-05-01

    Within the Taimyr - Severnaya Zemlya mineragenic province, the Late Paleozoic - Early Mesozoic Kara rare-metal - gold and Byrrangsky coal-bearing - polymetallic mineragenic areas are distinguished. Main geological commercial types of the Kara mineragenic area include manifestations of gold-quartz, gold sulphide-quartz (proper gold ore), and gold-rare metal, gold-bearing copper-molybdenum-porphyry formations. The Riphean - Vendian subduction - collisional and Late Paleozoic - Early Mesozoic repeated collisional (deuterogenic) ore-forming systems play a leading role in their formation. Regardless of the age and formation features, manifestations of proper gold ore formations are controlled by a common factor, the degree of metamorphism of host rocks - not above the sericite-biotite subfacies of the greenschist facies, and belong to the group of hydrothermal-metasomatic ore forming systems conditioned by alkali-acid differentiation of matter in temperature gradient field with ore concentration in mesozone. Depending on the host Precambrian formations, Kara Late Paleozoic - Early Mesozoic mineragenic area is subdivided into Mininsky-Bolshevistsky flysch-terrigenous carbonaceous zone with manifestation of zonal regional metamorphism of the andalusite-sillimanite type (Arctida passive margin) and Shrenk-Faddey volcanogenic-carbonate-terrigenous carbonaceous zone with ophiolites (accretion prism of Siberia). For the Riphean - Early Vendian endogenous manifestations, the following main types of gold ore forming systems are distinguished: in the passive marginal Mininsky-Bolshevistsky zone - early collisional metamorphic-hydrothermal in terrigenous carbonaceous complexes (Valterovsky, Voskresensky, Litkensky ore zones) and late collisional plutonic-hydrothermal in allochthonous granitoids of S-type (Martovsky-Nikitinsky ore cluster); in the accretionary Shrenck-Faddey zone - subduction-collisional plutonic-metamorphic-hydrothermal (Zhilninsky, Leningradsky ore zones) in

  16. Sinistral strike-slip dominated inclined transpression along the Pai-Khoi fold-and-thrust belt, Russian Arctic

    Science.gov (United States)

    Curtis, Michael

    2014-05-01

    The Arctic Uralides comprise Pai-Khoi, Novaya Zemlya and the Taimyr Peninsula. Together they form a margin controlled salient in the former Baltica margin of Laurussia. This arcuate orogen forms a fundamental tectonic boundary between major hydrocarbon provinces; Timan-Pechora and Barents Sea to the southwest and west, respectively, and the South Kara Sea to the east. To understand the complex regional tectonic relationship between the Arctic Uralides and the South Kara Sea, it is essential to establish the structural and kinematic style of the various sectors of this remote orogen. This contribution focuses on the southern limb of the salient, the NW-SE trending, Pai-Khoi fold-and-thrust belt (PKFB), which links the Polar Urals with Novaya Zemlya approximately 600 km to the northwest. The PKFB comprises a highly deformed, Late Cambrian to Mississippian age, passive margin succession, with allochthonous deep-water and continental slope facies rocks thrust over a shallow-water carbonate platform succession along the Main Pai-Khoi Thrust. Deformation is interpreted to have occurred between the Late Palaeozoic and end Triassic resulting in the formation of an apparent southwesterly verging fold-and-thrust belt with an associated foreland basin. Analysis of regional scale geological maps reveals the presence of large scale en-echelon folds, together with late stage, orogen-parallel faults, indicating that the evolution of PKFB has been influenced by a component of sinistral strike-slip. Detailed field data from a transect across the largest structure in the orogen, the Main Pai-Khoi Thrust, confirms the obliquity of both planar structures and finite stretching lineations to this major allochthon bounding thrust. Subtle but consistent variations in the orientation of finite stretching directions within zones of qualitatively differing finite strain were identified. Comparison of these variations with theoretical models of inclined transpression suggests that deformation

  17. Sediment and organic carbon transport in Cap de Creus canyon, Gulf of Lions (France)

    Science.gov (United States)

    Tesi, T.; Puig, P.; Palanques, A.; Goni, M. A.; Miserocchi, S.; Langone, L.

    2009-04-01

    The off-shelf transport of particles in continental margins is responsible for much of the flux of organic matter (OM)and nutrients towards deep-sea ecosystems, playing a key role in the global oceanic biogeochemical cycles. Off-shelf sediment transport mechanism have been well described for many continental margins being triggered by a series of physical forcings such as tides, storms, internal waves, floods, earthquakes, as well as the combination of some of these processes, while topographic structures such as submarine canyons act as preferential sedimentary conduits toward deep ocean. However, the composition of the material supplied to the deep ocean during these events is still poorly understood since most studies have only investigated the magnitude of the down-slope fluxes or limited their analysis to the major bulk components. A special opportunity to characterize the biogeochemical composition of the off-shelf export in the Gulf of Lions (GoL) margin was provided during the winter 2004-2005, when an exceptional dense water cascading event occurred. Dense water overflowing off the shelf in the GoL has been recently recognized as one of the main process affecting particulate shelf-to-slope exchange in northwestern Mediterranean Sea. During the 2004-2005 cascading event, moored instruments were deployed at the Cap de Creus (CdC) canyon head to monitor the physical parameters and to characterize the temporal variability of the exported material. Post-cascading sediment cores were collected along the sediment dispersal system to trace the sediment transport pathway. In this study we developed a source tracing method using elemental compositions, alkaline CuO reaction products (lignin, cutin, lipids, hydroxy benzenes, proteins, lipids, and polysaccharides products), biogenic silica, carbon stable isotope composition, radiocarbon measurements, and grain size as a fingerprint for each sample. The aforementioned analyses were carried out on both sediment trap and

  18. Análise do nível técnico dos goleiros da ASSAF - Associação Santa-cruzense de futsal no campeonato série ouro do estado do Rio Grande do Sul no ano de 2012

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Edson Marcelo Neto da Silva

    2013-07-01

    Full Text Available Este estudo, de característica descritiva exploratória, tem como objetivo verificar quais são as principais intervenções técnicas e sua relação com o desempenho técnico ao longo das 23 partidas do campeonato série ouro do RS- 2012 dos goleiros da equipe ASSAF. Os sujeitos do presente estudo de caso, foram dois jogadores do sexo masculino com idade de 21 e 28 anos e os dados foram analisados no programa excel for windows 7. Observou-se que os goleiros tiveram um aproveitamento de 80% no seu desempenho técnico. As principais intervenções técnicas exigidas destes ao longo do campeonato foram: defesa saída de gol (DSG com 82 ações, lançamento com o pé correto (LPC foram registradas 81 ações, defesa baixa no lado esquerdo (DBE obteve 58 ações, defesa baixa no lado direito (DBD com 54 ações, defesa no meio do gol (DM tendo 54 ações, lançamento com a mão correto (LMC apresentando 44 ações e defesa alta no lado direito (DAD com 42 ações. Além de intervenções técnicas defensivas, observou-se uma participação técnico tática ofensiva relevante, com um alto índice de aproveitamento dos lançamentos executados tanto pelo pé (LPC como com a mão (LMC. Salienta-se a importância da execução do scout técnico para o correto desenvolvimento do treinamento dos goleiros de forma específica e embasada cientificamente. Sugere-se que esta análise dos dados seja executada em diferentes fases do campeonato, proporcionando um feedback contínuo ao trabalho, potencializando a efetividade das informações levantadas no scout.

  19. DETERMINAÇÃO DOS CUSTOS DE MUDANÇA PARA USUÁRIOS DE TRANSPORTE AÉREO EM RELAÇÃO AO PREÇO DAS TARIFAS

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Willker Wallisson F. Vieira

    2017-04-01

    Full Text Available RESUMO: Este trabalho analisa o grau de fidelização dos usuários do transporte aéreo do Aeroporto Internacional de Goiânia, quanto à linha Goiânia-Guarulhos(SP. Para tanto, foram coletadas as preferências declaradas dos passageiros no saguão de embarque desse aeroporto e, depois de tratados os dados, através do modelo de escolha discreta logit multinomial, chegou-se ao custo de mudança dos serviços em questão, ou seja, mediu-se qual a porcentagem crítica de variação dos preços das passagens aéreas que faz um cliente fidelizado a uma empresa mudar para os serviços de outra. Os resultados obtidos para os custos de mudança da empresa TAM (preferida dos usuários para a AZUL foram de 3%, da TAM para a GOL foram de 12% e da TAM para a Avianca foram de 15%. Assim, o presente estudo apresenta ferramenta importante para análise do mercado do setor aéreo, possibilitando às empresas o aprimoramento de suas estratégias comerciais, a partir de um melhor entendimento do comportamento do usuário do setor aéreo no Brasil. ABSTRACT: This paper analyzes the degree of loyalty of air transport users of Goiânia’s International Airport, on the line Goiânia-Guarulhos. Therefore, were collected the stated preferences of the passengers in the departure lounge of this airport and, after treatment data, through of the discrete choice model logit multinomial, came to the switching costs for the services in question, in the other words, was measured which the critical percentage change in the price of airline tickets that makes a customer loyal to a company moving to the other services. The results obtained for the switching costs of TAM (preferred by users for AZUL was 3%, TAM for GOL was 12% and TAM for Avianca was 15%. Thus, this study presents an important tool for analysis of the airline industry market, enabling companies to improve its business strategies, from a better understanding of the airline industry user behavior in Brazil

  20. Questioni minori di lingua e cultura egiziana

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Franco Crevatin

    2000-12-01

    Full Text Available Il graffito Sakkara T (riedito in K. A. Kitchen, Ramess. Inscript. 3, 438, datato all' anno 48 del regno di Ramesse II, è piuttosto interessante: iscritto sulle pareti di uno dlegli edifici del complesso funerario del Faraone Djoser, esso è composto da due testi distinti (A: 1-4; B: 5-7, redatti da due persone diverse che forse sono andate assieme per turismo culturale o religioso a Sak.kara. B è costituito da una serie di auguri funebri piuttosto banali, mentre A, molto mal conservato, pone problemi esegetici fastidiosi. Dopo la datazione e la citazione del nome del redattore, compare un poco comprensibile ]hry wtś-R' [, che il primo editore del testo ha ritenuto equivalente alla designazione della necropoli.

  1. Collective doses to man from dumping of radioactive waste in the Arctic Seas

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Nielsen, S.P.; Iosjpe, M.; Strand, P.

    1997-01-01

    produce further away from the Arctic Ocean. Collective doses were calculated for two release scenarios, both of which are based on information of the dumping of radioactive waste in the Barents and Kara Seas by the former Soviet Union and on preliminary information from the International Arctic Sea...... Assessment Programme. A worst-case scenario was assumed according to which all radionuclides in liquid and solid radioactive waste were available for dispersion in the marine environment at the time of dumping. Release of radionuclides from spent nuclear fuel was assumed to take place by direct corrosion...... of the fuel ignoring the barriers that prevent direct contact between the fuel and the seawater. The second scenario selected assumed that releases of radionuclides from spent nuclear fuel do not occur until after failure of the protective barriers. All other liquid and solid radioactive waste was assumed...

  2. ISOLDE’s rarest isotopes

    CERN Multimedia

    Katarina Anthony

    2013-01-01

    The ISOLDE physics section (PH-SME-IS) has recently observed an unusual transformation… one that may well be a sign of things to come for CERN.   The ISOLDE PH team, from left to right: Jennifer Weterings (user support), Susanne Kreim (research fellow), Marek Pfützner* (scientific associate), Maria Garcia Borge (team leader), Elisa Rapisarda (research fellow) , Magdalena Kowalska (physics coordinator), Jan Kurcewicz* (applied fellow), Monika Stachura (future applied fellow). Not in the photo: Kara Lynch (PhD student). Although more and more women are going into the physical sciences, it’s no secret that it remains a male-dominated field. But over the past six months, the ISOLDE PH section has become an exception to this rule: with female physicists outnumbering their male colleagues 3 to 1. “We’re probably one of the few teams at CERN where the personnel is mostly female,” says Magdalena Kowalska, the ISOLDE Physics Coordinator. &am...

  3. Arctic dipole anomaly and summer rainfall in Northeast China

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    WU BingYi; ZHANG RenHe; D'Arrigo ROSANNE

    2008-01-01

    A dipole structure anomaly in summer Arctic atmospheric variability is identified in this study, which is characterized by the second mode of empirical orthogonal function (EOF) analysis of summer monthly mean sea level pressure (SLP) north of 70°N, accounting for 12.94% of the variance. The dipole anom-aly shows a quasi-barotropic structure with opposite anomalous centers over the Canadian Arctic and the Beaufort Sea and between the Kara Sea and the Laptev Sea. The dipole anomaly reflects alternating variations in location of the polar vortex between the western and eastern Arctic regions. The positive phase of the dipole anomaly corresponds to the center of the polar vortex over the western Arctic, leading to an increase in summer mean rainfall in Northeast China. The dipole anomaly has a pre-dominant 6-year periodicity, and shows interdecadal variations in recent decades.

  4. Doświadczenie poznania unicestwiającego w myśli adwajtystycznej

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Paweł SAJDEK

    2012-12-01

    Full Text Available The well-known anecdote about Śaṅkara fleeing from a charging bull indicates the existenceof some kind of reality and inherent logic in the empirical world. It also implies a hierarchy ofreality as far as the existence rooted in avidyā is concerned. The article gives an account of twodivergent opinions on such a hierarchy in advaita philosophy, each advocated by an eminentscholar – E. Deutsch and P. Hacker. Unquestionably, the hierarchy concerns exclusively thesuperimposed reality. From the point of view of the vidyā all the levels of the phenomenal existenceare no longer valid. The cognition of the ultimate reality is called ‘sublation’ by Deutschand ‘contradiction’ by Hacker. The present article includes a suggestion of a new, presumablymore adequate term – ‘the annihilating cognition’, since the cognition of the ultimate realityinevitably involves the certainty of the non existence and the illusory nature of the phenomenalworld.

  5. Underwater gamma-spectrometry with HPGe and NaI(Tl) detectors

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Povinec, P.P.; Osvath, I.; Baxter, M.S. [International Atomic Energy Agency, Monaco (Monaco). Marine Environment Lab.

    1996-09-01

    An in situ {gamma}-spectrometer designed for underwater operations consisting of HPGe and NaI(Tl) detectors with electronics, data acquisition and processing electronics, and a supporting system consisting of a hydraulic winch with 1200 m conducting cable is described. The characteristics of the system and results obtained during operational tests and deployment in the Irish and Kara Seas are presented. The spectra measured with the HPGe detector represent the first set of high resolution sea-bed {gamma}-spectra ever recorded in situ. Further, a possible utilisation of underwater {gamma}-spectrometry for in situ monitoring of leakages of radionuclides from dumped or sunken nuclear objects/wastes or discharges from nuclear plants is discussed. Remote stationary {gamma}-spectrometers operating on the sea-bed, in the open sea or in any aquatic environment with satellite data transmission would be very efficient means of long-term monitoring. (author).

  6. Benchmarking of numerical models describing the dispersion of radionuclides in the Arctic Seas

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Scott, E.M.; Harms, I. [Department of Statistics, University of Glasgow, Glasgow (United Kingdom); Gurbutt, P. [MAFF, Fisheries Laboratory, Lowestoft (United Kingdom); Heling, R. [KEMA, Arnhem (Netherlands); Nielsen, S.P. [Risoe National Laboratory, Roskilde (Denmark); Osvath, I. [IAEA Marine Environment Laboratory, Monaco (France); Preller, R. [Naval Research Laboratory, Stennis Space Center (United States); Sazykina, T. [SPA Typhoon, Obninsk (Russian Federation); Wada, A. [Department of Civil Engineering, College of Industrial Technology, Nihon University, Nihon (Japan); Sjoeblom, K.L. [IAEA Waste Management Division, Vienna (Austria)

    1997-08-25

    As part of the International Arctic Seas Assessment Project (IASAP) of the International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA), a working group was created to model the dispersal and transfer of radionuclides released from radioactive waste disposed of in the Kara Sea. The objectives of this group are: (1) development of realistic and reliable assessment models for the dispersal of radioactive contaminants both within, and from, the Arctic ocean; and (2) evaluation of the contributions of different transfer mechanisms to contaminant dispersal and hence, ultimately, to the risks to human health and environment. With regard to the first objective, the modelling work has been directed towards assessment of model reliability and as one aspect of this, a benchmarking exercise has been carried out. This paper briefly describes the benchmark scenario, the models developed and used, and discusses some of the benchmarking results. The role of the exercise within the modelling programme of IASAP will be discussed and future work described.

  7. Analysis of the warmest Arctic winter, 2015-2016

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cullather, Richard I.; Lim, Young-Kwon; Boisvert, Linette N.; Brucker, Ludovic; Lee, Jae N.; Nowicki, Sophie M. J.

    2016-10-01

    December through February 2015-2016 defines the warmest winter season over the Arctic in the observational record. Positive 2 m temperature anomalies were focused over regions of reduced sea ice cover in the Kara and Barents Seas and southwestern Alaska. A third region is found over the ice-covered central Arctic Ocean. The period is marked by a strong synoptic pattern which produced melting temperatures in close proximity to the North Pole in late December and anomalous high pressure near the Taymyr Peninsula. Atmospheric teleconnections from the Atlantic contributed to warming over Eurasian high-latitude land surfaces, and El Niño-related teleconnections explain warming over southwestern Alaska and British Columbia, while warm anomalies over the central Arctic are associated with physical processes including the presence of enhanced atmospheric water vapor and an increased downwelling longwave radiative flux. Preconditioning of sea ice conditions by warm temperatures affected the ensuing spring extent.

  8. New aero-gravity results from the Arctic: Linking the latest Cretaceous-early Cenozoic plate kinematics of the North Atlantic and Arctic Ocean

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Døssing, Arne; Hopper, J.R.; Olesen, Arne Vestergaard

    2013-01-01

    The tectonic history of the Arctic Ocean remains poorly resolved and highly controversial. Details regarding break up of the Lomonosov Ridge from the Barents-Kara shelf margins and the establishment of seafloor spreading in the Cenozoic Eurasia Basin are unresolved. Significantly, the plate...... tectonic evolution of the Mesozoic Amerasia Basin is essentially unknown. The Arctic Ocean north of Greenland is at a critical juncture that formed at the locus of a Mesozoic three-plate setting between the Lomonosov Ridge, Greenland, and North America. In addition, the area is close to the European plate...... plateau against an important fault zone north of Greenland. Our results provide new constraints for Cretaceous-Cenozoic plate reconstructions of the Arctic. Key Points Presentation of the largest aero-gravity survey acquired over the Arctic Ocean Plate tectonic link between Atlantic and Arctic spreading...

  9. Skill improvement of dynamical seasonal Arctic sea ice forecasts

    Science.gov (United States)

    Krikken, Folmer; Schmeits, Maurice; Vlot, Willem; Guemas, Virginie; Hazeleger, Wilco

    2016-05-01

    We explore the error and improve the skill of the outcome from dynamical seasonal Arctic sea ice reforecasts using different bias correction and ensemble calibration methods. These reforecasts consist of a five-member ensemble from 1979 to 2012 using the general circulation model EC-Earth. The raw model reforecasts show large biases in Arctic sea ice area, mainly due to a differently simulated seasonal cycle and long term trend compared to observations. This translates very quickly (1-3 months) into large biases. We find that (heteroscedastic) extended logistic regressions are viable ensemble calibration methods, as the forecast skill is improved compared to standard bias correction methods. Analysis of regional skill of Arctic sea ice shows that the Northeast Passage and the Kara and Barents Sea are most predictable. These results show the importance of reducing model error and the potential for ensemble calibration in improving skill of seasonal forecasts of Arctic sea ice.

  10. Comment on 'Conservation laws of higher order nonlinear PDEs and the variational conservation laws in the class with mixed derivatives'

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Sarlet, W, E-mail: Willy.Sarlet@ugent.b [Department of Mathematics, Ghent University, Krijgslaan 281, B-9000 Ghent (Belgium); Department of Mathematics and Statistics, La Trobe University, Bundoora, Victoria 3086 (Australia)

    2010-11-12

    In a recent paper (R Narain and A H Kara 2010 J. Phys. A: Math. Theor. 43 085205), the authors claim to be applying Noether's theorem to higher-order partial differential equations and state that in a large class of examples 'the resultant conserved flows display some previously unknown interesting 'divergence properties' owing to the presence of the mixed derivatives' (citation from their abstract). It turns out that what this obscure sentence is meant to say is that the vector whose divergence must be zero (according to Noether's theorem), turns out to have non-zero divergence and subsequently must be modified to obtain a true conservation law. Clearly this cannot be right: we explain in detail the main source of the error. (comment)

  11. A HISTORICAL OUTLINE OF RADIONUCLIDE CONTAMINATION OF THE YENISEY FLOODPLAIN BASED ON LANDSCAPE AND RADIOMETRIC SURVEY

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Vitaly Linnik

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available Distribution of technogenic radionuclides discharged by the Krasnoyarsk Mining and Chemical Combine (KMCC, Zheleznogorsk in the period from 1958 to 1992 has been studied in floodplain landscapes of the Yenisey river. After shutting down the direct-flow reactors the radioactive contamination of the Yenisey river became dozen times lower. Performed landscape and radiometric studies revealed factors responsible for radionuclide differentiation and the character of radionuclide distribution within two landscape segments of the Yenisey river floodplain. The first segment characterized the impact zone from 16 km to 20 downstream the discharge, the second one was studied in the remote zone as far as 2000 km down the river. Artificial radionuclide contamination was most intensive in the 60-ies of the past century when it reached the Kara Sea. Traces of that contamination were registered in soils of both sites at the depth of 20–50 cm.

  12. Poleward eddy heat flux anomalies associated with recent Arctic sea ice loss

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hoshi, Kazuhira; Ukita, Jinro; Honda, Meiji; Iwamoto, Katsushi; Nakamura, Tetsu; Yamazaki, Koji; Dethloff, Klaus; Jaiser, Ralf; Handorf, Dörthe

    2017-01-01

    Details of the characteristics of upward planetary wave propagation associated with Arctic sea ice loss under present climate conditions are examined using reanalysis data and simulation results. Recent Arctic sea ice loss results in increased stratospheric poleward eddy heat fluxes in the eastern and central Eurasia regions and enhanced upward propagation of planetary-scale waves in the stratosphere. A linear decomposition scheme reveals that this modulation of the planetary waves arises from coupling of the climatological planetary wavefield with temperature anomalies for the eastern Eurasia region and with meridional wind anomalies for the central Eurasia region. Propagation of stationary Rossby wave packets results in a dynamic link between these temperature and meridional wind anomalies with sea ice loss over the Barents-Kara Sea. The results provide strong evidence that recent Arctic sea ice loss significantly modulates atmospheric circulation in winter to modify poleward eddy heat fluxes so as to drive stratosphere-troposphere coupling processes.

  13. Weakening of the Stratospheric Polar Vortex by Arctic Sea-Ice Loss

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Kim, Baek-Min; Son, Seok-Woo; Min, Seung-Ki; Jeong, Jee-Hoon; Kim, Seong-Joong; Zhang, Xiangdong; Shim, Taehyoun; Yoon, Jin-Ho

    2014-09-02

    Successive cold winters of severely low temperatures in recent years have had critical social and economic impacts on the mid-latitude continents in the Northern Hemisphere. Although these cold winters are thought to be partly driven by dramatic losses of Arctic sea ice, the mechanism that links sea ice loss to cold winters remains a subject of debate. Here, by conducting observational analyses and model experiments, we show how Arctic sea ice loss and cold winters in extra-polar regions are dynamically connected through the polar stratosphere. We find that decreased sea ice cover during early winter months (November-December), especially over the Barents-Kara seas, enhance the upward propagation of planetary-scale waves with wavenumbers of 1 and 2, subsequently weakening the stratospheric polar vortex in mid-winter (January- February). The weakened polar vortex preferentially induces a negative phase of Arctic Oscillation at the surface, resulting in low temperatures in mid-latitudes.

  14. 公共娱乐场所电气火灾成因分析和预防对策%An Analysis of Causes of Fire Risk Caused by Electric Equipment at Public Places

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    秦建亭

    2011-01-01

    The movie theaters,ballrooms,Kara OK halls,internet bars,nightclubs,concert halls and other public entertainment places use a lot of electric equipment to provide a comfortable environment.At the same time,it increases the risk of electrical fire.This paper analyzes electrical fire hazards at public entertainment places,points out causes of fire risk,and puts forwards some measures to control the fire accident.%公共娱乐场所在利用大量电气设备、设施为人们提供舒适环境的同时,也增大了电气火灾发生的危险性。分析了公共娱乐场所电气火灾的特点及成因,提出了预防公共娱乐场所电气火灾的消防安全管理对策。

  15. EFFECT OF PHYTATECONTENTS OF CEREAL BY-PRODUCTS ON BIOAVAILABILITY OF TOT AL PHOSPHORUS IN POULTRY

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ishtiaq Ahmad

    2002-04-01

    Full Text Available Four cereal by-products were examined for their total and phytate phosphorus contents. Feeding trial for bioavailability was conducted on 18 weeks old cockerels of White Leg Horn breed which were starved for24 hours and were forced-fed 30 grams of finely ground single feedstuff and droppings were collected at pre-determined time intervals. The bioavailability of total phosphorus for wheat bran, rice polishing, wheat middling and gram kara was 37.11 , 15.37,61.32 and 62.64%, respectively while phytate phosphorus contents were 0.66, 1.16, 0.24 and 0.17%, respectively. The bioavailability of total phosphorus was negatively correlated with the phytate phosphorus contents of these feed stuffs (P< 0.01 .

  16. Pollen grain of barley (Hordeum vulgare L. - pattern of development

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Maria Charzyńska

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available Pollen development in barley follows the general pattern established for other species of Poaceae: 1 microspore division occurs at the vacuolate microspore stage with polarly located nucleus; 2 microspore mitosis is immediately followed by phragmoplast and cell plate formation; 3 in consequence or unequal microspore division, the generative cell, at first attached to the pollen wall, is separated from the vegetative cell by a callosic wall; 4 during the postmitotic two-cell stage of development, the vegetative nucleus migrates to the aperture pole and is followed by the generative cell that is detached and free of callose wall. In this position the generative cell divides into two sperm cells. These data do not confirm the interpretation of pollen grain development in barley given by Cass and Karas in Can. J. Bot. 53: 1051-1062, 1975.

  17. A preliminary assessment of potential doses to man from radioactive waste dumped in the Arctic sea

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Nielsen, S.P. [Risoe National Lab., Roskilde (Denmark); Iosjpe, M.; Strand, P. [Statens Straalevern, Oesteraas (Norway)

    1995-11-01

    This report describes a preliminary radiological assessment of collective doses to the world population from radioactive material dumped in the Kara and Barents Seas in the period 1961-1991. Information on the dumped waste and the rates of release of radionuclides have been available from Russian sources and from the International Atomic Energy Agency. A box model has been used to simulate the dispersion of radionuclides in the marine environment and to calculate the contamination of seafood and the subsequent radiation doses to man. Two release scenarios have been adopted. The worst-case release scenario, which ignores the presence of barriers between spent nuclear fuel and seawater, is estimated to give rise to about 10 mansievert calculated to 1000 years from the time of release. A more realistic release scenario is estimated to cause about 3 mansieverts. In both cases exposure from the radionuclide {sup 137}Cs is found to dominate the doses. 19 refs., 56 figs., 8 tabs.

  18. A preliminary assessment of potential doses to man from radioactive waste dumped in the Arctic Sea

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Nielsen, S.P. [Forskningscente Risoe, Roskilde (Denmark); Iosjpe, M.; Strand, P. [Norwegian Radiation Protection Authority, Oesteraas (Norway)

    1995-09-01

    This report describes a preliminary radiological assessment of collective doses to the world population from radioactive material dumped in the Barents and Kara Seas in the period 1961-1991. Information on the dumped waste and the rates of release of radionuclides have been available from Russian sources and from the International Atomic Energy Agency. A box model has been used to simulate the dispersion of radionuclides in the marine environment and to calculate the contamination of seafood and the subsequent radiation doses to man. Two release scenarios have been adopted. The worst-case release scenario which ignores the presence of barriers between spent nuclear fuel and seawater is estimated to give rise to about 10 mansieverts calculated to 1000 years from the time of release. A more realistic release scenario is estimated to cause about 3 mansieverts. In both cases exposure from the radionuclide {sup 137}Cs is found to dominate the doses. (au) 8 tabs., 56 ills., 19 refs.

  19. The contribution of Alaskan, Siberian, and Canadian coastal polynas to the cold halocline layer of the Arctic Ocean

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cavalieri, Donald J.; Martin, Seelye

    1994-01-01

    Numerous Arctic Ocean circulation and geochemical studies suggest that ice growth in polynyas over the Alaskan, Siberian, and Canadian continental shelves is a source of cold, saline water which contributes to the maintenance of the Arctic Ocean halocline. The purpose of this study is to estimate for the 1978-1987 winters the contributions of Arctic coastal polynyas to the cold halocline layer of the Arctic Ocean. The study uses a combination of satellite, oceanographic, and weather data to calculate the brine fluxes from the polynyas; then an oceanic box model is used to calculate their contributions to the cold halocline layer of the Arctic Ocean. This study complements and corrects a previous study of dense water production by coastal polynyas in the Barents, Kara, and Laptev Seas.

  20. Arctic geodynamics: Continental shelf and deep ocean geophysics. ERS-1 satellite altimetry: A first look

    Science.gov (United States)

    Anderson, Allen Joel; Sandwell, David T.; Marquart, Gabriele; Scherneck, Hans-Georg

    1993-01-01

    An overall review of the Arctic Geodynamics project is presented. A composite gravity field model of the region based upon altimetry data from ERS-1, Geosat, and Seasat is made. ERS-1 altimetry covers unique Arctic and Antarctic latitudes above 72 deg. Both areas contain large continental shelf areas, passive margins, as well as recently formed deep ocean areas. Until ERS-1 it was not possible to study these areas with satellite altimetry. Gravity field solutions for the Barents sea, portions of the Arctic ocean, and the Norwegian sea north of Iceland are shown. The gravity anomalies around Svalbard (Spitsbergen) and Bear island are particularly large, indicating large isostatic anomalies which remain from the recent breakup of Greenland from Scandinavian. Recently released gravity data from the Armed Forces Topographic Service of Russia cover a portion of the Barents and Kara seas. A comparison of this data with the ERS-1 produced gravity field is shown.

  1. Arctic autumn sea ice decline and Asian winter temperature anomaly

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    LIU Na; LIN Lina; WANG Yingjie; KONG Bin; ZHANG Zhanhai; CHEN Hongxia

    2016-01-01

    Associations between the autumn Arctic sea ice concentration (SIC) and Asian winter temperature are discussed using the singular value decomposition analysis. Results show that in recent 33 years reduced autumn Arctic sea ice is accompanied by Asian winter temperature decrease except in the Tibetan plateau and the Arctic Ocean and the North Pacific Ocean coast. The autumn SIC reduction excites two geopotential height centers in Eurasia and the north Arctic Ocean, which are persistent from autumn to winter. The negative center is in Barents Sea/Kara Sea. The positive center is located in Mongolia. The anomalous winds are associated with geopotential height centers, providing favorable clod air for the Asian winter temperature decreasing in recent 33 years. This relationship indicates a potential long-term outlook for the Asian winter temperature decrease as the decline of the autumn sea ice in the Arctic Ocean is expected to continue as climate warms.

  2. Phytochemistry and Pharmacological Studies of Citrus macroptera: A Medicinal Plant Review

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Koly Aktar

    2017-01-01

    Full Text Available Citrus macroptera (family Rutaceae, commonly known as Sat Kara, is a pharmacologically diverse medicinal plant. Various parts of this plant, specifically fruit, have an immense range of medicinal uses in folk medicine directed for a number of ailments. A plethora of active phytochemical constituents of this plant have been revealed so far, namely, limonene, beta-caryophyllene, beta-pinene, geranial edulinine, ribalinine, isoplatydesmine, and so forth. Several studies demonstrated the exploration of pharmacological potential of various parts such as fruits, leaves, and stems of C. macroptera as antioxidant, cytotoxic, antimicrobial, thrombolytic, hypoglycemic, anxiolytic, antidepressant, cardioprotective, and hepatoprotective. Furthermore, inhibition of in vitro α-amylase, inhibition of paracetamol induced hepatotoxicity, and potentiation of brain antioxidant enzyme are also ascertained. In present review, comprehensive study focused on knowledge regarding several phytopharmacological activities of Citrus macroptera has been described.

  3. Studija o pripravi silicijeva dioksida uporabom ostataka iz naftnih škriljevaca

    OpenAIRE

    Nie, L.; Wang, T.

    2015-01-01

    Uporabom naftnih (uljnih) škriljevaca nastaje obilje ostataka naftnog škriljevca, koji ne samo da mogu izravno uzrokovati ozbiljno onečišćenje okoliša, već i dovesti do gubitka resursa. U ovom radu provedena je usporedba metode izluživanja kiselinom i metode otapanja lužinom kako bi se dobili optimalni uvjeti za obradu i dobivanje bijele čađe, koji su određeni na sljedeći način: maseni udjel NaOH je 8 %, vrijeme otapanja u lužini je 5 h i temperatura reakcije 100 °C. Potom su analizirane kara...

  4. Relating Regional Arctic Sea Ice and climate extremes over Europe

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ionita-Scholz, Monica; Grosfeld, Klaus; Lohmann, Gerrit; Scholz, Patrick

    2016-04-01

    The potential increase of temperature extremes under climate change is a major threat to society, as temperature extremes have a deep impact on environment, hydrology, agriculture, society and economy. Hence, the analysis of the mechanisms underlying their occurrence, including their relationships with the large-scale atmospheric circulation and sea ice concentration, is of major importance. At the same time, the decline in Arctic sea ice cover during the last 30 years has been widely documented and it is clear that this change is having profound impacts at regional as well as planetary scale. As such, this study aims to investigate the relation between the autumn regional sea ice concentration variability and cold winters in Europe, as identified by the numbers of cold nights (TN10p), cold days (TX10p), ice days (ID) and consecutive frost days (CFD). We analyze the relationship between Arctic sea ice variation in autumn (September-October-November) averaged over eight different Arctic regions (Barents/Kara Seas, Beaufort Sea, Chukchi/Bering Seas, Central Arctic, Greenland Sea, Labrador Sea/Baffin Bay, Laptev/East Siberian Seas and Northern Hemisphere) and variations in atmospheric circulation and climate extreme indices in the following winter season over Europe using composite map analysis. Based on the composite map analysis it is shown that the response of the winter extreme temperatures over Europe is highly correlated/connected to changes in Arctic sea ice variability. However, this signal is not symmetrical for the case of high and low sea ice years. Moreover, the response of temperatures extreme over Europe to sea ice variability over the different Arctic regions differs substantially. The regions which have the strongest impact on the extreme winter temperature over Europe are: Barents/Kara Seas, Beaufort Sea, Central Arctic and the Northern Hemisphere. For the years of high sea ice concentration in the Barents/Kara Seas there is a reduction in the number

  5. The Taimyr Peninsula and the Severnaya Zemlya archipelago, Arctic Russia: a synthesis of glacial history and palaeo-environmental change during the Last Glacial cycle (MIS 5e-2)

    Science.gov (United States)

    Möller, Per; Alexanderson, Helena; Funder, Svend; Hjort, Christian

    2015-01-01

    We here suggest a glacial and climate history of the Taimyr Peninsula and Severnaya Zemlya archipelago in arctic Siberia for the last about 150 000 years (ka). Primarily it is based on results from seven field seasons between 1996 and 2012, to a large extent already published in papers referred to in the text - and on data presented by Russian workers from the 1930s to our days and by German colleagues working there since the 1990s. Although glaciations even up here often started in the local mountains, their culminations in this region invariably seems to have centred on the shallow Kara Sea continental shelf - most likely due to expanding marine ice-shelves grounding there, as a combined effect of thickening ice and eustatically lowered sea-levels. The most extensive glaciation so far identified in this region (named the Taz glaciation) took place during Marine Isotope Stage 6 (MIS 6), i.e. being an equivalent to the late Saale/Illinoian glaciations. It reached c. 400 km southeast of the Kara Sea coast, across and well beyond the Byrranga Mountain range and ended c. 130 ka. It was followed by the MIS 5e (Karginsky/Eemian) interglacial, with an extensive marine transgression to 140 m above present sea level - facilitated by strong isostatic downloading during the preceding glaciation. During the latest (Zyryankan/Weichselian/Wisconsinan) glacial cycle followed a series of major glacial advances. The earliest and most extensive, culminating c. 110-100 ka (MIS 5d-5e), also reached south of the Byrranga mountains and its post-glacial marine limit there was c. 100 m a.s.l. The later glacial phases (around 70-60 ka and 20 ka) terminated at the North Taimyr Ice Marginal Zone (NTZ), along or some distance inland from the present northwest coast of Taimyr. They dammed glacial lakes, which caused the Taimyr River to flow southwards where to-day it flows northwards into the Kara Sea. The c. 20 ka glacial phase, contemporary with the maximum (LGM) glaciation in NW Europe

  6. Identification of some novel tetracyclic diterpene hydrocarbons in petroleum

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Petrov, A.A.; Pehk, T.Y.; Vorobieva, N.S.; Zemskova, Z.K. (Institute of Geology and Exploitation of Combustible Minerals, Moscow (USSR))

    1988-01-01

    A new group of tetracyclic diterpene hydrocarbons of molecular formula C{sub 19}H{sub 32} has been found in the Jurassic oils and condensates of the Central Kara-Kum (Turkmenia, U.S.S.R.). The structure of the hydrocarbons has been determined by gas chromatography-mass spectrometry and {sup 1}H and {sup 13}C NMR. Of the compounds identified 4,8-dimethyl-13-isopropyltetracyclo(6.6.0.0{sup 1,11}O{sup 3,7})- and 5,14-dimethyl-10-isopropyltetracyclo = (6.4.1.1.{sup 1,9}O{sup 4,13})tetradecanes are present in the highest concentrations. Some ideas are put forward about the source and the reactions involved in the formation of the hydrocarbons under natural conditions by the enzymic C{sub 5} cyclization of aliphatic isoprenoids.

  7. The last Scandinavian ice sheet in northwestern Russia: ice flow patterns and decay dynamics

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Demidov, L.; Houmark-Nielsen, Michael; Kjær, Kurt Henrik

    2006-01-01

    the main ice sheet. During the Lateglacial warming, disintegration and melting took place in a 200-600 km wide zone along the northeastern rim of SIS associated with thick Quaternary accumulations. Deglaciation occurred through aerial downwasting within large fields of dead ice developed during......Advance of the Late Weichselian (Valdaian) Scandinavian Ice Sheet (SIS) in northwestern Russia took place after a period of periglacial conditions. Till of the last SIS, Bobrovo till, overlies glacial deposits from the previous Barents and Kara Sea ice sheets and marine deposits of the Last...... in Russia than previously outlined and the time of termination at 18-16 cal. kyr BP was almost 10 kyr delayed compared to the southwestern part of the ice sheet. We argue that the lithology of the ice sheets' substrate, and especially the location of former proglacial lake basins, influenced the dynamics...

  8. Snow melt on sea ice surfaces as determined from passive microwave satellite data

    Science.gov (United States)

    Anderson, Mark R.

    1987-01-01

    SMMR data for the year 1979, 1980 and 1984 have been analyzed to determine the variability in the onset of melt for the Arctic seasonal sea ice zone. The results show melt commencing in either the Kara/Barents Seas or Chukchi Sea and progressing zonally towards the central Asian coast (Laptev Sea). Individual regions had interannual variations in melt onset in the 10-20 day range. To determine whether daily changes occur in the sea ice surface melt, the SMMR 18 and 37 GHz brightness temperature data are analyzed at day/night/twilight periods. Brightness temperatures illustrate diurnal variations in most regions during melt. In the East Siberian Sea, however, daily variations are observed in 1979, throughout the analysis period, well before any melt would usually have commenced. Understanding microwave responses to changing surface conditions during melt will perhaps give additional information about energy budgets during the winter to summer transition of sea ice.

  9. 满文词语探微——以“茶”为例%Research on Manchu Phrase Tea from "Qing Wen Jian"

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    江桥

    2014-01-01

    乾隆朝《御制增订清文鉴》较康熙朝《御制清文鉴》收词增加了5 000余条,词目“茶”的释义由1条增加到6条.新增的genggiyen cai“清茶”、kara cai“黑茶”、sun i cai“奶茶”、malanggū cai“芝麻茶”和ufa cai“面茶”等5词条在《御制清文鉴》中被列为1条,而在《御制增订清文鉴》中被分列为6条.

  10. Summer concentrations of NMHCs in ambient air of the Arctic and Antarctic

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Hellen, H.; Paatero, J.; Hakola, H.; Virkkula, A. [Finnish Meteorological Inst., Helsinki (Finland); Leck, C. [Stockholm Univ. (Sweden). Dept. of Meteorology

    2012-11-01

    Summer concentrations of C{sub 2}-C{sub 6} non-methane hydrocarbons (NMHCs) were measured in Antarctica and in the Arctic in 2008. The results show that NMHC concentrations are on average five times higher in the Arctic than in Antarctica. In Antarctica, there were few concentration peaks, but during most of the remaining time concentrations were below or close to the detection limits. Over the Arctic pack ice area north of 80 deg, concentrations of most of the measured NMHCs were always above the detection limits. No differences based on air-mass origin were detected in Antarctica, but samples collected over the central Arctic Ocean showed higher concentrations in air masses being advected from the Kara Sea and the western-central Arctic Ocean. The relatively higher NMHC-to-ethyne molar ratios calculated for samples collected over the central Arctic Ocean suggest additional alkane sources in the region. (orig.)

  11. How sea ice could be the cold beating heart of European weather

    Science.gov (United States)

    Margrethe Ringgaard, Ida; Yang, Shuting; Hesselbjerg Christensen, Jens; Kaas, Eigil

    2017-04-01

    The possibility that the ongoing rapid demise of Arctic sea ice may instigate abrupt changes is, however, not tackled by current research in general. Ice cores from the Greenland Ice Sheet (GIS) show clear evidence of past abrupt warm events with up to 15 degrees warming in less than a decade, most likely triggered by rapid disappearance of Nordic Seas sea ice. At present, both Arctic Sea ice and the GIS are in strong transformation: Arctic sea-ice cover has been retreating during most of the satellite era and in recent years, Arctic sea ice experienced a dramatic reduction and the summer extent was in 2012 and 2016 only half of the 1979-2000 average. With such dramatic change in the current sea ice coverage as a point of departure, several studies have linked reduction in wintertime sea ice in the Barents-Kara seas to cold weather anomalies over Europe and through large scale tele-connections to regional warming elsewhere. Here we aim to investigate if, and how, Arctic sea ice impacts European weather, i.e. if the Arctic sea ice works as the 'cold heart' of European weather. To understand the effects of the sea ice reduction on the full climate system, a fully-coupled global climate model, EC-Earth, is used. A new energy-conserving method for assimilating sea ice using the sensible heat flux is implemented in the coupled climate model and compared to the traditional, non-conserving, method of assimilating sea ice. Using this new method, experiments are performed with reduced sea ice cover in the Barents-Kara seas under both warm and cold conditions in Europe. These experiments are used to evaluate how the Arctic sea ice modulates European winter weather under present climate conditions with a view towards favouring both relatively cold and warm conditions.

  12. Adaptive strategies and life history characteristics in a warming climate: salmon in the Arctic?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Nielsen, Jennifer L.; Ruggerone, Gregory T.; Zimmerman, Christian E.

    2013-01-01

    In the warming Arctic, aquatic habitats are in flux and salmon are exploring their options. Adult Pacific salmon, including sockeye (Oncorhynchus nerka), coho (O. kisutch), Chinook (O. tshawytscha), pink (O. gorbuscha) and chum (O. keta) have been captured throughout the Arctic. Pink and chum salmon are the most common species found in the Arctic today. These species are less dependent on freshwater habitats as juveniles and grow quickly in marine habitats. Putative spawning populations are rare in the North American Arctic and limited to pink salmon in drainages north of Point Hope, Alaska, chum salmon spawning rivers draining to the northwestern Beaufort Sea, and small populations of chum and pink salmon in Canada’s Mackenzie River. Pacific salmon have colonized several large river basins draining to the Kara, Laptev and East Siberian seas in the Russian Arctic. These populations probably developed from hatchery supplementation efforts in the 1960’s. Hundreds of populations of Arctic Atlantic salmon (Salmo salar) are found in Russia, Norway and Finland. Atlantic salmon have extended their range eastward as far as the Kara Sea in central Russian. A small native population of Atlantic salmon is found in Canada’s Ungava Bay. The northern tip of Quebec seems to be an Atlantic salmon migration barrier for other North American stocks. Compatibility between life history requirements and ecological conditions are prerequisite for salmon colonizing Arctic habitats. Broad-scale predictive models of climate change in the Arctic give little information about feedback processes contributing to local conditions, especially in freshwater systems. This paper reviews the recent history of salmon in the Arctic and explores various patterns of climate change that may influence range expansions and future sustainability of salmon in Arctic habitats. A summary of the research needs that will allow informed expectation of further Arctic colonization by salmon is given.

  13. Ice Jams the Ob River

    Science.gov (United States)

    2007-01-01

    Russia's Ob River flows from south to north, and each summer, it thaws in the same direction. The result is that an ice jam sits downstream from thawed portions of the river, which is laden with heavy runoff from melted snow. On June 29, 2007, the Moderate Resolution Imaging Spectroradiometer (MODIS) flying on NASA's Terra satellite captured this image of the almost completely thawed Ob River. The scene is typical for early summer. South of the ice jam, the Gulf of Ob is swollen with pent-up run-off, and upstream from that, the river is widened as well. Unable to carve through frozen land, the river has little choice but to overflow its banks. For a comparison of early summer and autumn conditions, see Flooding on the Ob River in the Earth Observatory's Natural Hazards section. Besides the annual overflow, this image captures other circumstances of early summer. Sea ice is retreating from the Kara Sea. A lingering line of snow cover snakes its way along the Ob River, to the west. And while the land is lush and green in the south, it appears barren and brown in the north. Near the mouth of the river and the Kara Sea, the land is cold-adapted tundra, with diminutive plants and a short growing season. Just as the ice plugging the river had yet to thaw in the Far North's short summer, the tundra had not yet to greened up either. In this image it still appears lifeless beige. NASA image courtesy Jeff Schmaltz, MODIS Rapid Response Team, Goddard Space Flight Center

  14. Circulation in Vilkitsky Canyon in the eastern Arctic Ocean

    Science.gov (United States)

    Janout, Markus; Hölemann, Jens

    2016-04-01

    The eastern Arctic Ocean is characterized by steep continental slopes and vast shallow shelf seas that receive a large amount of riverine freshwater from some of the largest rivers on earth. The northwestern Laptev Sea is of particular interest, as it is a freshwater transport pathway for a swift surface-intensified current from the Kara Sea toward the Arctic Basin, as was recently highlighted by high-resolution model studies. The region features complex bathymetry including a narrow strait and a large submarine canyon, strong tides, polynyas and severe sea ice conditions throughout much of the year. A year-long mooring record as well as detailed hydrographic shipboard measurements resulted from summer expeditions to the area in 2013 and 2014, and now provide a detailed picture of the region's water properties and circulation. The hydrography is characterized by riverine Kara Sea freshwater near the surface in the southern part of the canyon, while warmer (~0°C) saline Atlantic-derived waters dominate throughout the canyon at depths >150m. Cold shelf-modified waters near the freezing point are found along the canyon edges. The mean flow at the 300 m-deep mooring location near the southern edge of the canyon is swift (30 cm/s) and oriented eastward near the surface as suggested by numerical models, while the deeper flow follows the canyon topography towards the north-east. Wind-driven deviations from the mean flow coincide with sudden changes in temperature and salinity. This study characterizes the general circulation in Vilkitsky Canyon and investigates its potential as a conduit for upwelling of Atlantic-derived waters from the Arctic Basin to the Laptev Sea shelf.

  15. Wave climate in the Arctic 1992-2014: seasonality, trends, and wave-ice influence

    Science.gov (United States)

    Girard-Ardhuin, Fanny; Stopa, Justin; Ardhuin, Fabrice

    2016-04-01

    The diminishing sea ice has direct implications on the wave field which is mainly dependent on the ice-free area and wind. Over the past decade, the Arctic sea ice has diminished which directly impacts the wave field. This study characterizes the wave climate in the Arctic using detailed sea state information from a wave hindcast and merged altimeter dataset spanning 1992-2014. The waves are driven by winds from the Climate Forecast System Reanalysis. Ice concentrations derived from satellites with a grid spacing of 12.5 km are sufficiently able to resolve important features in the marginal ice zone. Before implementation, suitable wind forcing is identified and the validity and consistency of the wave hindcast is verified with altimeters. The seasonal ice advance and retreat largely dictates the waves and creates distinct features in the wind-waves and swells. The Nordic-Greenland Sea is dominated by swells from the North Atlantic while the coastal regions and semi-enclosed seas of the Kara, Laptev, Chukchi, and Beaufort have a more equal proportion of wind-waves and swells. Trends in the altimeters and model are in agreement and show increasing wave activities in the Baffin Bay, Beaufort, Chukchi, Laptev, and Kara Seas due to the loss of sea ice. In the Nordic-Greenland Sea, there is a decreasing trend related to changes in the wind field by North Atlantic Oscillation. The waves also influence the sea ice. Two distinctly different wave-ice environments are identified and selected events demonstrate the importance of waves in the marginal ice zone. The crux of the research identifies the need for continued study and improvement of wave-ice interaction.

  16. Selected physical, biological and biogeochemical implications of a rapidly changing Arctic Marginal Ice Zone

    Science.gov (United States)

    Barber, David G.; Hop, Haakon; Mundy, Christopher J.; Else, Brent; Dmitrenko, Igor A.; Tremblay, Jean-Eric; Ehn, Jens K.; Assmy, Philipp; Daase, Malin; Candlish, Lauren M.; Rysgaard, Søren

    2015-12-01

    The Marginal Ice Zone (MIZ) of the Arctic Ocean is changing rapidly due to a warming Arctic climate with commensurate reductions in sea ice extent and thickness. This Pan-Arctic review summarizes the main changes in the Arctic ocean-sea ice-atmosphere (OSA) interface, with implications for primary- and secondary producers in the ice and the underlying water column. Changes in the Arctic MIZ were interpreted for the period 1979-2010, based on best-fit regressions for each month. Trends of increasingly open water were statistically significant for each month, with quadratic fit for August-November, illustrating particularly strong seasonal feedbacks in sea-ice formation and decay. Geographic interpretations of physical and biological changes were based on comparison of regions with significant changes in sea ice: (1) The Pacific Sector of the Arctic Ocean including the Canada Basin and the Beaufort, Chukchi and East Siberian seas; (2) The Canadian Arctic Archipelago; (3) Baffin Bay and Hudson Bay; and (4) the Barents and Kara seas. Changes in ice conditions in the Barents sea/Kara sea region appear to be primarily forced by ocean heat fluxes during winter, whereas changes in the other sectors appear to be more summer-autumn related and primarily atmospherically forced. Effects of seasonal and regional changes in OSA-system with regard to increased open water were summarized for photosynthetically available radiation, nutrient delivery to the euphotic zone, primary production of ice algae and phytoplankton, ice-associated fauna and zooplankton, and gas exchange of CO2. Changes in the physical factors varied amongst regions, and showed direct effects on organisms linked to sea ice. Zooplankton species appear to be more flexible and likely able to adapt to variability in the onset of primary production. The major changes identified for the ice-associated ecosystem are with regard to production timing and abundance or biomass of ice flora and fauna, which are related to

  17. Recent Trends in the Arctic Navigable Ice Season and Links to Atmospheric Circulation

    Science.gov (United States)

    Maslanik, J.; Drobot, S.

    2002-12-01

    One of the potential effects of Arctic climate warming is an increase in the navigable ice season, perhaps resulting in development of the Arctic as a major shipping route. The distance from western North American ports to Europe through the Northwest Passage (NWP) or the Northern Sea Route (NSR) is typically 20 to 60 percent shorter than travel through the Panama Canal, while travel between Europe and the Far East may be reduced by as much as three weeks compared to transport through the Suez Canal. An increase in the navigable ice season would also improve commercial opportunities within the Arctic region, such as mineral and oil exploration and tourism, which could potentially expand the economic base of Arctic residents and companies, but which would also have negative environmental impacts. Utilizing daily passive-microwave derived sea ice concentrations, trends and variability in the Arctic navigable ice season are examined from 1979 through 2001. Trend analyses suggest large increases in the length of the navigable ice season in the Kara and Barents seas, the Sea of Okhotsk, and the Beaufort Sea, with decreases in the length of the navigable ice season in the Bering Sea. Interannual variations in the navigable ice season largely are governed by fluctuations in low-frequency atmospheric circulation, although the specific annular modes affecting the length of the navigable ice season vary by region. In the Beaufort and East Siberian seas, variations in the North Atlantic Oscillation/Arctic Oscillation control the navigable ice season, while variations in the East Pacific anomaly play an important role in controlling the navigable ice season in the Kara and Barents seas. In Hudson Bay, the Canadian Arctic Archipelago, and Baffin Bay, interannual variations in the navigable ice season are strongly related to the Pacific Decadal Oscillation.

  18. The Effect of Chemical, Biological and Organic Nutritional Treatments on Sunflowers Yield and Yield Components under the Influence of Water Deficit Stress

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    fatemeh soleymani

    2016-07-01

    Full Text Available Introduction To achieve the higher economic yield of crop plants, supplying enough nutrients to plants is very important. Moreover, nutrient uptakes by plants is influenced by the soil water contents. However, nowadays chemical fertilizer application is important agronomic factor that has significant effects on growth and quantity and quality of final yield, but traditional nutrient management and excessive use of chemical fertilizers may cause the environmental problems such as contamination of soil and water resources, low quality of agricultural products and reduction of soil fertility. These factors have drawn attention to health and ecological sustainable farming systems (Sharma, 2002. In this context, usage of organic and biological products for plant nutrition is considered as one of the solutions to achieve the goals of sustainable agriculture. Materials and methods To evaluate the effect of various feeding systems on yield and yield components of sunflower (Helianthus annuus L. under the influence of water deficit stress, a split-plot experiment based on randomized complete block design with three replications, was carried out in the Agricultural Faculty of Bu-Ali Sina University during the growing season of 2013-2014. Main plots consisted of two irrigation levels: optimum irrigation and deficit irrigation stress (irrigation after 60 and 120 mm evaporation from evaporation pan, class A, respectively and sub-plots included of nine nutrition systems: 1- no bio or chemical fertilizer application, 2- 100% of the recommended chemical fertilizer , 3- vermicompost, 4- phospho nitro kara, 5- vermicompost+ phospho nitro kara, 6- vermicompost+ ½ chemical fertilizer, 7- phospho nitro kara+ ½ chemical fertilizer, 8- vermicompost+ phospho nitro kara+ ½ chemical fertilizer, 9- ½ proposed chemical fertilizer. Phospho-nitro-kara which contains phosphate solubilizing and nitrogen fixing bacteria (Bacillus coagulans, azotobactr chroocuccum and

  19. Evidence for water deficit-induced mass increases of raffinose family oligosaccharides (RFOs in the leaves of three Craterostigma resurrection plant species

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Aurelie eEgert

    2015-07-01

    Full Text Available The leaves of the resurrection plant Craterostigma plantagineum accumulate sucrose during dehydration, via a conversion from the unusual C8 ketose-sugar 2-octulose. However, raffinose family oligosaccharides (RFOs have been shown to be major photosynthetic products in this plant. The tetrasaccharide stachyose is the major phloem mobile carbohydrate and is used as a carbon store in roots. It has been suggested that this carbon store is remobilized during rehydration, presumably for cellular repair processes. We examined the effects of water deficit on the leaf water-soluble carbohydrate profiles of three Craterostigma species. Apart from the classical 2-octulose to sucrose interconversion, there was a strong water deficit-associated mass increase of RFOs up to the pentasaccharide verbascose. However, the activities of three dedicated RFO biosynthetic enzymes (raffinose, stachyose and verbascose synthase could not be correlated with RFO accumulation, suggesting that biosynthetic enzymes activities measured in the early stages of water-deficit was sufficient to synthesize enough Gol and lead to RFO accumulation in the leaves. Our findings are suggestive of RFOs providing additional carbohydrate-based stress protection to the leaves of these plants during the desiccated state.

  20. Improving Estimates of Grassland Fractional Vegetation Cover Based on a Pixel Dichotomy Model: A Case Study in Inner Mongolia, China

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Fei Li

    2014-05-01

    Full Text Available Linear spectral mixture analysis (SMA is commonly used to infer fractional vegetation cover (FVC, especially for pixel dichotomy models. However, several sources of uncertainty including normalized difference vegetation index (NDVI saturation and selection of endmembers inhibit the effectiveness of SMA for the estimation of FVC. In this study, Moderate-resolution Imaging Spectroradiometer (MODIS and Landsat 8/Operational Land Imager (OLI remote sensing data for the early growing season and in situ measurement of spectral reflectance are used to determine the value of endmembers including VIsoil and VIveg, with equally weighted RVI and NDVI measures used in combination to minimize the inherent biases in pure NDVI-based FVC. Their ability to improve estimates of grassland FVC is analyzed at different resolutions. These are shown to improve FVC estimates over NDVI-based SMA models using fixed values for the endmembers. Grassland FVC changes for Inner Mongolia, China from 2000 to 2013 are then monitored using the MODIS data. The results show that changes in most grassland areas are not significant, but in parts of Hulunbeier, south Tongliao, middle Xilin Gol and Erdos, grassland FVC has increased significantly.

  1. Efficacy of golimumab on recurrent uveitis in HLA-B27-positive ankylosing spondylitis.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Yazgan, Serpil; Celik, Ugur; Işık, Metin; Yeşil, Nesibe Karahan; Baki, Ali Erdem; Şahin, Hatice; Gencer, Ercan; Doğan, İsmail

    2017-02-01

    To evaluate the efficacy of golimumab on severe and frequent recurrent anterior uveitis in patients with HLA-B27-positive ankylosing spondylitis. In this study, 15 eyes of 12 HLA-B27-positive AS patients with resistant anterior uveitis who received 50 mg of subcutaneous golimumab (Gol) per month due to frequent uveitis recurrences were analyzed retrospectively between May 2013 and October 2015. Assessment criteria were uveitis activity, the number of recurrence of uveitis, visual acuity, systemic corticosteroid, or other drug requirement for maintenance of remission of AU. Twelve patients (15 eyes) with HLA-B27-positive ankylosing spondylitis and anterior uveitis have been treated with golimumab 50 mg/month. Remission of uveitis was observed in 12 eyes out of 15. Malign hypertension developed in one subject after the second dose of golimumab therefore the treatment was stopped and this subject was excluded from the study. Median follow-up time was 11 months (interquartile range: 8-18). No uveitic reaction was seen except in the patient who stopped treatment. No topical or systemic steroid necessity was needed except in two cases with oral 4 mg systemic maintenance. Visual acuity was significantly increased (p = 0.002). Golimumab may be a new and effective choice for maintaining remission and the prevention of recurrences of severe, resistant anterior uveitis in patients with HLA-B27-positive ankylosing spondylitis.

  2. Let There Be Light: the Role of Electrification in Liberia's Post-Conflict Stabilization

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Whitaker, Rick

    2007-07-01

    Early in 2006, President Ellen Johnson-Sirleaf made re-electrification a cornerstone of Liberia's stabilization and redevelopment programs. After 14 years of civil war, there was no electric grid or commercial electricity in the country. The Liberia Electricity Corporation (LEC) was moribund, with no infrastructure or customers. An international donors group of Ghana, the EC, the World Bank, and USAID formulated a $7 million Emergency Power Program to restore power to parts of Monrovia. In four months, this group, with the active participation of GOL and LEC, imported generators, rebuilt distribution networks, and began commercial service. By the end of 2006, LEC was serving 280 customers and had achieved operational self-sufficiency. There were streetlights in the capital for the first time in years. A second phase, increasing generation and customers 5-fold, is underway. It is funded at $22 million by a donor group including Norway. At its conclusion, 70% of Monrovia's neighborhoods will have access to service. International private financing of a next phase is in the offing. Critical lessons offered: Electrification is central to post-conflict stabilization; Capacity development is as important as technology; Commercialization of electricity is required; and, Top level support is critical. (auth)

  3. Michelson interferometer with a CO/sub 2/ laser for measuring plasma densities

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Burmasov, V.S.; Kruglyakov, E.P.; Podyminogin, A.A.

    1978-01-01

    A classical Michelson inteferometer with a CO/sub 2/ laser has been developed for measuring plasma densities. Since there is no inherent laser--interferometer feedback, it is possible to achieve a time resolution tau approx. 30 nsec for the interferometer. This time resolution is governed by that of the detector. The detector is a Ge:Au photoresistance, cooled with liquid nitrogen. The range in which the interference signal (deltaJ) is a linear function of the electron density (n/sub e/) is found for small phase shifts. The linear relation n/sub e/1=3.4 x 10/sup 15/ J/J/sub 0/ is derived. Here J/sub 0/ is the signal amplitude at the interference maximum. This equation holds for phases from 0.2..pi.. to 0.7..pi... The interferometer and the single-mode CO/sub 2/ laser are described in detail. Measurements of n/sub e/ in the GOL-1 device are reported. The sensitivity of the interferometer is found to be n/sub e/1approx. =10/sup 12/ cm/sup -2/.

  4. Mineralogy and trace element chemistry of the Siliceous Earth of Barmer basin, Rajasthan: Evidence for a volcanic origin

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    M S Sisodia; U K Singh; G Lashkari; P N Shukla; A D Shukla; N Bhandari

    2005-04-01

    We report the presence of a 3-5 cm thick loose fragmental layer in the Siliceous Earth at Matti ka Gol in the Barmer basin of Rajasthan. Petrographic, chemical and mineralogical study reveals the presence of abundant volcanic debris such as glass shards, agglutinates, hollow spheroids, kinked biotites, feldspars showing oscillatory zoning, olivines, ilmenite and native iron. The presence of similar particles in the whole section suggests that the Siliceous Earth is a volcanic ash. Stratigraphic correlation, palynological and microvertebrate data suggest that the Siliceous Earth may have deposited over a short span of time during the Upper Cretaceous to Lower Palaeocene. In view of the possibility that this section may contain K/T impact debris, we looked for grains having impact signatures. Some patches of the Siliceous Earth of Bariyara show the presence of Ni-rich (< 0.5%) vesicular glasses, sanidine spherules, magnesioferrite crystals, soot, etc., but because of their low abundance, it is not possible to establish if they are volcanic, micrometeorite ablation products or a part of the K/T impact ejecta.

  5. Source identification of fine-grained suspended sediment in the Kharaa River basin, northern Mongolia.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Theuring, Philipp; Collins, Adrian L; Rode, Michael

    2015-09-01

    Fine sediment inputs into river systems can be a major source of nutrients and heavy metals and have a strong impact on water quality and ecosystem functions of rivers and lakes, including those in semiarid regions. However, little is known to date about the spatial distribution of sediment sources in most large scale river basins in Central Asia. Accordingly, a sediment source fingerprinting technique was used to assess the spatial sources of fine-grained (0.97) and were subsequently used for numerical mass balance modelling with uncertainty analysis. The contributions of the individual sub-catchment spatial sediment sources varied from 6.4% (the headwater sub-catchment of Sugnugur Gol) to 36.2% (the Kharaa II sub-catchment in the middle reaches of the study basin), generally showing higher contributions from the sub-catchments in the middle, rather than the upstream, portions of the study area. The importance of river bank erosion is shown to increase from upstream to midstream tributaries. The source tracing procedure provides results in reasonable accordance with previous findings in the study region and demonstrates the applicability and associated uncertainties of the approach for fine-grained sediment source investigation in large scale semi-arid catchments. Copyright © 2015 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.

  6. An application of Markowitz theorem on Tehran Stock Exchange

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Hassan Ghodrati

    2014-05-01

    Full Text Available During the past 65 years, there have been tremendous efforts on portfolio selection problem. The standard Markowitz mean–variance model to portfolio selection includes tracing out an efficient frontier, a continuous curve demonstrating the tradeoff between return and risk. This frontier can be often detected via standard quadratic programming, categorized in convex optimization. Traditional Markowitz problem has been recently extended into a new form of mixed integer nonlinear problems by considering various constraints such as cardinality constraints, industry limitation, etc. This paper proposes a mixed integer nonlinear programming to determine optimal asset allocation on Tehran Stock Exchange. The results have indicated that a petrochemical firm named Farabi has gained 44% of the portfolio followed by a drug firm named Kosar Pharmacy gaining 28%. In addition, banking sector was the third winning firm where Eghtesad Novin bank gained nearly 10% of the portfolio. Minerals and mining firms were the next sector in our portfolio where Gol Gohar Iron Ore and Tehran Cement collected 0.73% and 0.57% of the portfolio, respectively. In our survey, auto industry gained only 0.26% of the portfolio, which belonged to Saipa group.

  7. Enthalpy-Entropy Tuning in the Adsorption of Nucleobases at the Au(111) Surface.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rosa, Marta; Corni, Stefano; Di Felice, Rosa

    2014-04-08

    The interaction of DNA molecules with hard substrates is of paramount importance both for the study of DNA itself and for the variety of possible technological applications. Interaction with inorganic surfaces strongly modifies the helical shape of DNA. Hence, an accurate understanding of DNA structure and function at interfaces is a fundamental question with enormous impact in science and society. This work sets the fundamentals for the simulation of entire DNA oligomers on gold surfaces in dry and wet conditions. Thanks to the new GolDNA-AMBER force field, which was derived from first principles and includes dispersion interactions and polarization effects, we simulated self-assembled guanine and adenine monolayers on Au(111) in vacuo and the adsorption of all nucleobases on the same substrate in aqueous conditions. The periodic monolayers obtained from classical simulations match very well those from first principle calculations and experiments, assessing the robustness of the force field and motivating the application to more complex systems for which quantum calculations are not affordable and experiments are elusive. The energetics of nucleobases on Au(111) in solution reveal fundamental physicochemical effects: we find that the adsorption paradigm shifts from purely enthalpic to dominantly entropic by changing the environment and aggregation phase.

  8. Diurnal oscillations of soybean circadian clock and drought responsive genes.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Juliana Marcolino-Gomes

    Full Text Available Rhythms produced by the endogenous circadian clock play a critical role in allowing plants to respond and adapt to the environment. While there is a well-established regulatory link between the circadian clock and responses to abiotic stress in model plants, little is known of the circadian system in crop species like soybean. This study examines how drought impacts diurnal oscillation of both drought responsive and circadian clock genes in soybean. Drought stress induced marked changes in gene expression of several circadian clock-like components, such as LCL1-, GmELF4- and PRR-like genes, which had reduced expression in stressed plants. The same conditions produced a phase advance of expression for the GmTOC1-like, GmLUX-like and GmPRR7-like genes. Similarly, the rhythmic expression pattern of the soybean drought-responsive genes DREB-, bZIP-, GOLS-, RAB18- and Remorin-like changed significantly after plant exposure to drought. In silico analysis of promoter regions of these genes revealed the presence of cis-elements associated both with stress and circadian clock regulation. Furthermore, some soybean genes with upstream ABRE elements were responsive to abscisic acid treatment. Our results indicate that some connection between the drought response and the circadian clock may exist in soybean since (i drought stress affects gene expression of circadian clock components and (ii several stress responsive genes display diurnal oscillation in soybeans.

  9. Modified Golden Codes for Improved Error Rates Through Low Complex Sphere Decoder

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    K.Thilagam

    2013-05-01

    Full Text Available n recent years, the golden codes have proven to ex hibit a superior performance in a wireless MIMO (Multiple Input Multiple Output scenario than any other code. However, a serious limitation associated with it is its increased deco ding complexity. This paper attempts to resolve this challenge through suitable modification of gol den code such that a less complex sphere decoder could be used without much compromising the error rates. In this paper, a minimum polynomial equation is introduced to obtain a reduc ed golden ratio (RGR number for golden code which demands only for a low complexity decodi ng procedure. One of the attractive approaches used in this paper is that the effective channel matrix has been exploited to perform a single symbol wise decoding instead of grouped sy mbols using a sphere decoder with tree search algorithm. It has been observed that the low decoding complexity of O (q 1.5 is obtained against conventional method of O (q 2.5 . Simulation analysis envisages that in addition t o reduced decoding, improved error rates is also obta ined.

  10. Effects of base analogues 5-bromouracil and 6-aminopurine on development of zebrafish Danio Rerio

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    SAWANT M. S.; ZHANG Shicui; WANG Qingyin

    2005-01-01

    Zebrafish (Danio rerio) genetic screens allow isolation of a wide array of problems in vertebrate biology. The effects of base analogues 5-bromouracil and 6-aminopurine on the development of zebrafish embryos are reported for the first time in this study. The early development of the zebrafish embryos was little affected by 5-bromouracil and 6-aminopurine, while the late development (organogenesis) was significantly impaired. Embryos exposed to 5-bromouracil mainly showed curled tail, wavy body, golden pigmentation and the mouth with protruding lower jaw. 6-aminopurine-treated embryos had defective anterior structures, curled tails and wavy body. RAPD analysis showed that the majority of 5-bromouracil- and 6-aminopurine-treated larvae and fish shared banding patterns in common with the control, suggesting that most mutagenesis induced by these agents are point mutations. However, some fish derived from 5-bromouracil-treated embryos had golden (gol) pigmentation; and RAPD analysis revealed that their band patterns differed from those of the control.Possibly, 5-bromouracil can occasionally cause relatively extensive changes in the fish genome. The results of this study may provide valuable help for detailed studies of mutagenesis.

  11. The key target of neuroprotection after the onset of ischemic stroke:secretory pathway Ca2+-ATPase 1

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Li-hua Li; Xiang-rong Tian; Zhi-ping Hu

    2015-01-01

    The regulatory mechanisms of cytoplasmic Ca2+ after myocardial infarction-induced Ca2+ over-load involve secretory pathway Ca2+-ATPase 1 and the Golgi apparatus and are well understood. However, the effect of Golgi apparatus on Ca2+ overload after cerebral ischemia and reperfusion remains unclear. Four-vessel occlusion rats were used as animal models of cerebral ischemia. The expression of secretory pathway Ca2+-ATPase 1 in the cortex and hippocampus was detected by immunoblotting, and Ca2+ concentrations in the cytoplasm and Golgi vesicles were determined. Results showed an overload of cytoplasmic Ca2+ during ischemia and reperfusion that reached a peak after reperfusion. Levels of Golgi Ca2+ showed an opposite effect. The expression of Gol-gi-specific secretory pathway Ca2+-ATPase 1 in the cortex and hippocampus decreased before ischemia and reperfusion, and increased after reperfusion for 6 hours. This variation was simi-lar to the alteration of calcium in separated Golgi vesicles. These results indicate that the Golgi apparatus participates in the formation and alleviation of calcium overload, and that secretory pathway Ca2+-ATPase 1 tightly responds to ischemia and reperfusion in nerve cells. Thus, we concluded that secretory pathway Ca2+-ATPase 1 plays an essential role in cytosolic calcium regu-lation and its expression can be used as a marker of Golgi stress, responding to cerebral ischemia and reperfusion. The secretory pathway Ca2+-ATPase 1 can be an important neuroprotective target of ischemic stroke.

  12. THE MIOCENE AND DEVONIAN MAGMATISM AT THE JUNCTION BETWEEN THE TUVA-MONGOLIAN MASSIF AND SIBERIAN CRATON: COMMON COMPONENT OF MANTLE SOURCES AND ITS ORIGIN

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sergey V. Rasskazov

    2015-09-01

    Full Text Available Devonian dikes of the Urik-Belaya and Shagayte-Gol-Urik zones and Miocene lavas of the Urik volcanic field are spatially associated with each other at the structural junction between the Neoproterozoic Tuva-Mongolian massif and Siberian craton. The former dike belt is represented by basalts and basaltic andesites of tholeiitic series and the latter one by trachybasalts, trachyandesitic basalts of moderately alkaline series and trachybasalts, phonotephrites of highly alkaline one. The Urik volcanic field is composed of trachybasalts and trachyandesitic basalts of moderately alkaline series. A partial similarity between magmatic series of different age is found in terms of major oxides, trace elements, and Sr, Pb isotopes. The common component corrected for age was defined through its converging mixing trends with those of the lithospheric mantle and crust. The component identification was a basis for deciphering the nature of isotopic and geochemical heterogeneity of evolved magmatic sources. It was inferred that the common component characterizes either a modified (depleted reservoir of the lower mantle or, more likely, a local region of the convecting asthenospheric mantle that underlies the Tuva-Mongolian massif. The latter interpretation assumes the formation of a locally convecting asthenosphere in the middle Neoproterozoic, along with the development of the Oka zone at the massif, and puts constrains on later sufficient processing of the asthenosphere due to rising plumes or subducting slabs.

  13. Molecular and physiological changes in response to salt stress in Citrus macrophylla W plants overexpressing Arabidopsis CBF3/DREB1A.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Alvarez-Gerding, Ximena; Espinoza, Carmen; Inostroza-Blancheteau, Claudio; Arce-Johnson, Patricio

    2015-07-01

    Plant stress induced by high salinity has leading to an important reduction in crop yields. Due to their tropical origin, citrus fruits are highly sensitive to salts. Rootstocks are the root system of fruit trees, regulating ion uptake and transport to the canopy. Therefore, increasing their salt tolerance could improve the salt tolerance of the fruit tree. For this, we genetically-transformed an important rootstock for lemon, Citrus macrophylla W, to constitutively express the CBF3/DREB1A gene from Arabidopsis, a well-studied salinity tolerance transcription factor. Transgenic lines showed normal size, with no dwarfism. Under salt stress, some transgenic lines showed greater growth, similar accumulation of chloride and sodium in the leaves and better stomatal conductance, in comparison to wild-type plants. Quantitative real-time analyses showed a similar expression of several CBF3/DREB1A target genes, such as COR15A, LEA 4/5, INV, SIP1, P5CS, GOLS, ADC2 and LKR/SDH, in transgenic lines and wild type plants, with the exception of INV that shows increased expression in line 4C15. Under salt stress, all measured transcript increased in both wild type and transgenics lines, with the exception of INV. Altogether, these results suggest a higher salt tolerance of transgenic C. macrophylla plants induced by the overexpression of AtCBF3/DREB1A.

  14. Extraction of Elm Sparse Woodlands from GF-2 Image Based on GEOBIA in Zhenglan Banner, Inner Mongolia

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gao, Z.; del Barrio, G.; Li, X.

    2016-08-01

    The objective of Dragon 3 Project 10367 is the development of techniques research for desertification assessment and monitoring in China using remote sensing data in combination with climate and environmental-related data. The main achievements acquired during the last two years could be summarized as follows:(1) Photosynthetic vegetation (PV) and non-photosynthetic vegetation (NPV) were estimated in Otindag sandy land by comparison of the pixel-invariant (Spectral Mixture Analysis, SMA) and pixel-variable (Multi-Endmember Spectral Mixture Analysis, MESMA, Automated Monte Carlo Unmixing Analysis, AutoMCU) methods, based on GF-1 data and field measured spectral library.(2) Based on GF-1 data, SMA was applied to solve vegetation cover and transitional sandy land detection in Zhenglan Banner, Inner Mongolia, China.(3) By defined a new indictor, Moisture-responded NPP(MNPP), a new method for identification of degraded lands was put forward, and the land degradation in Xinlin Gol league, Inner Mongolia Autonomous Region, China was assessed preliminarily. (4) The 2dRUE proved to be a good indicator for land degradation, based on which, land degradation status in the general potential extent of desertification in China (PEDC) was assessed.

  15. Geochemical disturbance of soil cover in the nonferrous mining centers of the Selenga River basin.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Timofeev, Ivan V; Kosheleva, Natalia E

    2016-07-04

    The anthropogenic geochemical transformation of soil cover in large nonferrous mining centers of the Selenga River basin was assessed. The results of the geochemical survey of 2010-2012 revealed the spatial distribution patterns and abundances of 18 hazardous heavy metals and metalloids in the soils of Erdenet (Mongolia) and Zakamensk (Buryat republic, Russian Federation). In both cities, mining activities disturbed soil cover which accumulates Mo, Cu, As, Sb, W in Erdenet and Bi, W, Cd, Be, Pb, Mo, Sb in Zakamensk. Maximum accumulation of elements in Erdenet is restricted to the industrial zone. In Zakamensk, it has spread on ½ of the territory with the degree of multielemental pollution exceeding the extremely dangerous level by 16 times. The effect of mining centers on the state of the river system is local and does not spread to the Selenga River. Downstream from Erdenet, an artificial pool intercepts heavy metal and metalloid flows of the Erdenetii-Gol River. By contrast, downstream from the tailing dumps of the Dzhida tungsten-molybdenum plant the concentrations of ore elements W and Mo and their accessories Bi and Cd in the Modonkul River exceed background values by 146, 20, 57, and 21 times, respectively, decreasing by an order of magnitude 30 km downstream.

  16. Bavachin from Psoralea corylifolia Improves Insulin-Dependent Glucose Uptake through Insulin Signaling and AMPK Activation in 3T3-L1 Adipocytes

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Hyejin Lee

    2016-04-01

    Full Text Available The fruit of Psoralea corylifolia L. (Fabaceae (PC, known as “Bo-Gol-Zhee” in Korea has been used as traditional medicine. Ethanol and aqueous extracts of PC have an anti-hyperglycemic effect by increasing plasma insulin levels and decreasing blood glucose and total plasma cholesterol levels in type 2 diabetic rats. In this study, we purified six compounds from PC and investigated their anti-diabetic effect. Among the purified compounds, bavachin most potently accumulated lipids during adipocyte differentiation. Intracellular lipid accumulation was measured by Oil Red-O (ORO cell staining to investigate the effect of compounds on adipogenesis. Consistently, bavachin activated gene expression of adipogenic transcriptional factors, proliferator-activated receptorγ (PPARγ and CCAAT/enhancer binding protein-α (C/EBPα. Bavachin also increased adiponectin expression and secretion in adipocytes. Moreover, bavachin increased insulin-induced glucose uptake by differentiated adipocytes and myoblasts. In differentiated adipocytes, we found that bavachin enhanced glucose uptake via glucose transporter 4 (GLUT4 translocation by activating the Akt and 5′AMP-activated protein kinase (AMPK pathway in the presence or absence of insulin. These results suggest that bavachin from Psoralea corylifolia might have therapeutic potential for type 2 diabetes by activating insulin signaling pathways.

  17. Water quality of selected springs and public-supply wells, Pine Ridge Indian Reservation, South Dakota, 1992-97

    Science.gov (United States)

    Heakin, Allen J.

    2000-01-01

    This report presents results of a water-quality study for the Pine Ridge Indian Reservation, South Dakota. The study was a cooperative effort between the U.S. Geological Survey and the Water Resources Department of the Oglala Sioux Tribe. Discharge and water-quality data were collected during 1992-97 for 14 contact springs located in the northwestern part of the Reservation. Data were collected to evaluate potential alternative sources of water supply for the village of Red Shirt, which currently obtains water of marginal quality from a well completed in the Inyan Kara aquifer. During 1995-97, water-quality data also were collected for 44 public-supply wells that serve about one-half of the Reservation's population. Quality-assurance sampling was used to evaluate the precision and accuracy of environmental samples. Ten of the springs sampled contact the White River Group, and four contact the Pierre Shale. Springs contacting the White River Group range from calcium bicarbonate to sodium bicarbonate water types. Two springs contacting the Pierre Shale have water types similar to this; however, sulfate is the dominant anion for the other two springs. In general, springs contacting the White River Group are shown to have better potential as alternative sources of water supply for the village of Red Shirt than springs contacting the Pierre Shale. Nine of the springs with better water quality were sampled repeatedly; however, only minor variability in water quality was identified. Six of these nine springs, of which five contact the White River Group, probably have the best potential for use as water supplies. Discharge from any of these six springs probably would provide adequate water supply for Red Shirt during most periods, based on a limited number of discharge measurements collected. Concentrations of lead exceeded the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (USEPA) action level of 15 ?g/L for three of these six springs. Five of these six springs also had arsenic

  18. Jurassic to Present Evolution of the Arctic Ocean Region: Questions for IPY

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lawver, L. L.; Gahagan, L. M.; Childers, V. A.; Brozena, J. M.; Grantz, A.

    2007-12-01

    In 1955, Carey first suggested a rotational opening of the Arctic Ocean based on his theories concerning oroclinal bending. It was only with the plate tectonic revolution in the next decade that there were a number of seminal abstracts and papers concerning the tectonic evolution of the Canada Basin. Grantz in 1966, Hamilton in 1967 and Tailleur in 1969 formulated the idea that the Canada Basin may have opened about a pivot point in the Mackenzie Delta. In 1968, Karasik first published his revolutionary idea that aeromagnetic anomalies collected over the Gakkel Ridge in the Eurasian Basin suggested that seafloor spreading during the Tertiary accounted for most of the oceanic crust between the Lomonosov Ridge and the Barents and Kara shelves. From the results of the 1979 Lomonosov Ridge experiment by Forsyth and Mair, it was established that the deep crustal velocities of the Lomonosov Ridge are remarkably similar to those of the Kara Sea shelf at 82°N, making it a continental sliver that rifted off the Barents and Kara Sea shelves. Consequently, the Arctic Ocean can be divided into a mostly Tertiary to present Eurasian Basin, and the older Mesozoic Amerasian Basin. Even with additional data from the Amerasian Basin including extensive airborne, ship-based, and satellite magnetics and gravity, the tectonic evolution of the Canada and Makarov components of the Amerasian Basin are still controversial. While the final phase of opening of the Amerasian Basin may have been rotational about a pivot point near or south of the Mackenzie Delta, the earlier phases and even the directions of the initial basin formation are still in doubt. Vogt and others first suggested a possible hotspot origin for the Alpha and Mendeleev Ridges and related them to the Iceland hotspot. Age versus depth and heat flow versus depth give a tentative age for the Amerasian Basin of latest Jurassic to early Cretaceous with seafloor spreading ending prior to the beginning of the Cretaceous Normal

  19. PENGARUH BERBAGAI KECAMBAH KACANG-KACANGAN LOKAL SEBAGAI BAHAN DASAR MEAT ANALOG TERHADAP SIFAT FISIK (TEKSTUR, KESUKAAN DAN RASIO ARGININ/LISIN

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Bayu Kanetro

    2013-06-01

    kedelai. Meat analog dibuat dari protein berbagai kecambah kacang-kacangan lokal, yaitu kacang kara benguk, tunggak, dan kecipir yang dikecambahkan berturut-turut selama 48, 36 dan 24 jam. Protein kecambah kacang kara benguk, tunggak dan kecipir untuk memproduksi meat analog diekstraksi pada pH 9, selanjutnya dipresipitasi berturut-turut pada pH 4, 5, dan 4. Produk-poduk yang diperoleh dianalisis tekstur, sifat sensoris (tingkat kesukaan terhadap warna, tekstur, bau, rasa dan keseluruhan, dan rasio arginin/lisin. Karakteristik meat analog dari berbagai kecambah kacang-kacangan lokal tersebut dibandingkan dengan meat analog dari biji kedelai untuk menentukan jenis kecambah terbaik sebagai bahan dasar meat analog. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan bahwa karakteristik meat analog kecambah kacang tunggak dan kecipir lebih baik dibandingkan meat analog dari kecambah kara benguk. Meat analog dari biji kedelai masih lebih baik daripada meat analog dari kecambah kacang-kacangan, khususnya teksturnya. Kandungan arginin yang diketahui sebagai komponen hipokolesterolemik dan hipoglisemik pada meat analog kecambah kacang tunggak ternyata lebih rendah daripada meat analog kedelai, tetapi rasio arginin/lisinnya tidak berbeda nyata. Sedangkan rasio arginin/lisin meat analog dari kecambah kacang-kacangan lainnya lebih rendah daripada meat analog dari biji kedelai. Oleh karena itu meat analog dari kecambah kacang tunggak dipilih sebagai produk terbaik dan berpotensi sebagai pangan fungsional utamanya untuk menurunkan kolesterol darah. Kata kunci: Meat analog, kecambah, kacang-kacangan lokal, rasio arginin/lisin

  20. Deglacial-Holocene short-term variability in sea-ice distribution on the Eurasian shelf (Arctic Ocean) - An IP25 biomarker reconstruction.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hörner, Tanja; Stein, Ruediger; Fahl, Kirsten

    2016-04-01

    Four well-dated sediment cores from the Eurasian continental shelf, i.e., the Kara Sea (Cores BP99/07 and BP00/07) and Laptev Sea (Cores PS51/154 and PS51/159), were selected for high-resolution reconstruction of past Arctic environmental conditions during the deglacial-Holocene time interval. These marginal seas are strongly affected by the post-glacial sea-level rise of about 120m. The major focus of our study was the reconstruction of the paleo-sea-ice distribution as sea-ice plays a key role within the modern and past climate system. For reconstruction of paleo-sea ice, the sea-ice proxy IP25 in combination with open-water phytoplankton biomarkers was used (for approach see Belt et al., 2007; Müller et al., 2009, 2011). In addition, specific sterols were determined to reconstruct changes in river run-off and biological production. The post-glacial sea-level rise is especially reflected in prominent decrease in terrigenous biomarkers. Deglacial variations in sea-ice cover sustained for thousand of years, mostly following climatic changes like the Bølling/Allerød (14.7-12.9 ka), Younger Dryas (12.9-11.6 ka) and Holocene warm phase (10-8 ka). Superimposed on a (Late) Holocene cooling trend, short-term fluctuations in sea-ice cover (on centennial scale) are distinctly documented in the distal/off-shore Core BP00/07 from the Kara Sea, less pronounced in the proximal/near-shore Core PS99/07 and in the Laptev Sea cores. Interestingly, this short-term variability in sea-ice cover correlates quite well to changes in Siberian river run-off (e.g., Stein et al. 2004), pointing to a direct linkage between precipitation (atmospheric circulation) and sea-ice formation. References Belt, S.T., Massé, G., Rowland, S.J., Poulin, M., Michel, C., LeBlanc, B., 2007. A novel chemical fossil of palaeo sea ice: IP25. Organic Geochemistry 38, 16-27. Müller, J., Masse, G., Stein, R., Belt, S.T., 2009. Variability of sea-ice conditions in the Fram Strait over the past 30,000 years