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Sample records for j-3 spokane wa

  1. 76 FR 27668 - ASC Machine Tools, Inc., Spokane Valley, WA; Notice of Negative Determination on Reconsideration

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-05-12

    ... From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office DEPARTMENT OF LABOR Employment and Training Administration ASC Machine Tools, Inc., Spokane Valley, WA; Notice of Negative Determination on Reconsideration On October 7, 2010, the Department of Labor issued an Affirmative Determination Regarding Application for...

  2. 75 FR 65516 - ASC Machine Tools, Inc., Spokane Valley, WA; Notice of Affirmative Determination Regarding...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-25

    ... From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office DEPARTMENT OF LABOR Employment and Training Administration ASC Machine Tools, Inc., Spokane Valley, WA; Notice of Affirmative Determination Regarding Application for Reconsideration By application dated September 21, 2010, a representative of the International Association...

  3. WA18

    CERN Multimedia

    1977-01-01

    Front view. The target plates are cut from marble (3x3 m slabs surrounded by magnetized iron) and allow the use of the calorimeter as a muon polarimeter. WA18 was CHARM, the experiment of the CERN-Hamburg-Amsterdam-Rome(INFN)-Moskow(ITEP) Collaboration

  4. The Spokane fault, Washington, Imaged with High-Resolution Airborne Magnetic Data—Implications for the 2001 Spokane Earthquake Sequence

    Science.gov (United States)

    Blakely, R. J.; Sherrod, B. L.; Weaver, C. S.; Stephenson, W. J.

    2015-12-01

    A newly acquired, high-resolution aeromagnetic survey provides insights into the near-surface lithology and tectonic structure throughout the greater Spokane area of northeastern Washington and northwestern Idaho. The region has a diverse array of magnetic lithologies, ranging from highly magnetic flood basalts of the Columbia River Basalt Group (CRBG) to weakly magnetic Mesozoic plutonic and metamorphic rocks. Faults within these magnetic lithologies produce linear magnetic anomalies that permit mapping of geologic structures over tens of kilometers. A high-amplitude, linear magnetic anomaly overlies the NW- striking Cheney fracture zone 37 km southwest of Spokane and is interpreted as a basaltic dike swarm intruded during the extensional event that opened the fractures, possibly feeder dikes for overlying CRBG flows. A sub-parallel anomaly near the town of Cheney reflects another dike swarm, likely formed during the same extensional event. The Latah fault is seen as a discontinuous alignment of magnetic anomalies extending north-northwestward from south of Spokane to the northern edge of the magnetic survey, a distance of 44 km. An arcuate, north-striking magnetic lineament ~20 km northeast of Spokane may mark the Newport fault, the detachment that promoted exhumation of the Priest River metamorphic complex. A subtle northeast-striking magnetic lineament passes through downtown Spokane and may indicate the trace of the Spokane fault, suspected of producing more than 105 small (M≤4), shallow earthquakes within Spokane city limits in 2001, accompanied by 15 mm of vertical uplift. This magnetic lineament extends 22 km and, to the northwest, merges with the lineament interpreted as the Newport fault. The Spokane fault may represent a reactivated section of the Newport fault that otherwise is not known to be active today. New LiDAR data from the Spokane area does not show distinct fault scarps associated with these magnetic anomalies, but a more comprehensive

  5. Spokane Tribal Hatchery, 2005 Annual Report.

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Peone, Tim L. (Spokane Tribe of Indians, Wellpinit, WA)

    2006-03-01

    Due to the construction and operation of Grand Coulee Dam (1939), anadromous salmon have been eradicated and resident fish populations permanently altered in the upper Columbia River region. Federal and private hydropower dam operations throughout the Columbia River system severely limits indigenous fish populations in the upper Columbia. Artificial production has been determined appropriate for supporting harvestable fisheries for kokanee salmon (Oncorhynchus nerka) and rainbow trout (Oncorhynchus mykiss) in Lake Roosevelt and Banks Lake (Grand Coulee Dam impoundments). The Spokane Tribe, Washington Department of Fish and Wildlife, Colville Confederated Tribes and Lake Roosevelt Development Association/Lake Roosevelt Volunteer Net Pen Project are cooperating in a comprehensive artificial production program to produce kokanee salmon (Oncorhynchus nerka) and rainbow trout (Oncorhynchus mykiss) for annual releases into the project area. The program consists of the Spokane Tribal Hatchery, Sherman Creek Hatchery, Ford Trout Hatchery and Lake Roosevelt Rainbow Trout Net Pen Rearing Projects. The Lake Roosevelt and Banks Lake Fisheries Evaluation Program monitor and evaluates release strategies and production methods for the aforementioned projects. Between 1985 and 2005 the projects have collectively produced up to 800,000 rainbow trout and 4 million kokanee salmon for release into Lake Roosevelt and 1.4 million kokanee fry for Banks Lake annually. In 2005, the annual release goal included 3.3 million kokanee fry, 475,000 kokanee yearlings and 500,000 rainbow trout yearlings. Fish produced by this project in 2005 to meet collective fish production and release goals included: 3,446,438 kokanee fingerlings, 347,730 rainbow trout fingerlings and 525,721 kokanee yearlings. Kokanee yearlings were adipose fin clipped before release. Stock composition consisted of Meadow Creek and Lake Whatcom kokanee, diploid-triploid Spokane Trout Hatchery (McCloud River) rainbow trout and

  6. Spokane Tribal Hatchery, 2002 Annual Report.

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Peone, Tim L. (Spokane Tribe of Indians, Willpinit, WA)

    2003-03-01

    The Spokane Tribal Hatchery (Galbraith Springs) project originated from the Northwest Power Planning Council (NPPC) 1987 Columbia Basin Fish and Wildlife Program. The goal of this project is to aid in the restoration and enhancement of the Lake Roosevelt and Banks Lake fisheries adversely affected by the construction and operation of Grand Coulee Dam. The objective is to produce kokanee salmon and rainbow trout for release into Lake Roosevelt for maintaining a viable fishery. The goal and objective of this project adheres to the NPPC Resident Fish Substitution Policy and specifically to the biological objectives addressed in the NPPC Columbia River Basin Fish and Wildlife Program to mitigate for hydropower related fish losses in the blocked area above Chief Joseph/Grand Coulee Dams.

  7. Spokane Tribal Hatchery, 2004 Annual Report.

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Peone, Tim L. (Spokane Tribe of Indians, Wellpinit, WA)

    2005-03-01

    Due to the construction and operation of Grand Coulee Dam (1939), anadromous salmon have been eradicated and resident fish populations permanently altered in the upper Columbia River region. Federal and private hydropower dam operations throughout the Columbia River system severely limits indigenous fish populations in the upper Columbia. Artificial production has been determined appropriate for supporting a harvestable fishery for kokanee salmon (Oncorhynchus nerka) and rainbow trout (Oncorhynchus mykiss) in Lake Roosevelt and Banks Lake (Grand Coulee Dam impoundments). A collaborative multi-agency artificial production program for the Lake Roosevelt and Banks Lake fisheries exists consisting of the Spokane Tribal Hatchery, Sherman Creek Hatchery, Ford Trout Hatchery and the Lake Roosevelt Kokanee and Rainbow Trout Net Pen Rearing Projects. These projects operate complementary of one another to target an annual release of 1 million yearling kokanee and 500,000 yearling rainbow trout for Lake Roosevelt and 1.4 million kokanee fry/fingerlings for Banks Lake. Fish produced by this project in 2004 to meet collective fish production and release goals included: 1,655,722 kokanee fingerlings, 537,783 rainbow trout fingerlings and 507,660 kokanee yearlings. Kokanee yearlings were adipose fin clipped before release. Stock composition consisted of Lake Whatcom kokanee, 50:50 diploid-triploid Spokane Trout Hatchery (McCloud River) rainbow trout and Phalon Lake red-band rainbow trout. All kokanee were marked with either thermal, oxytetracyline or fin clips prior to release. Preliminary 2004 Lake Roosevelt fisheries investigations indicate hatchery/net pen stocking significantly contributed to harvestable rainbow trout and kokanee salmon fisheries. An increase in kokanee harvest was primarily owing to new release strategies. Walleye predation, early maturity and entrainment through Grand Coulee Dam continues to have a negative impact on adult kokanee returns and limits the

  8. At WA3

    CERN Multimedia

    1978-01-01

    View from downstream of the WA3 setup. The electronics barrack is on the right, facing WA2's barrack (left). On the very top of the photo, behind the access door, one can see part of the calorimeter of WA7.

  9. At WA18

    CERN Multimedia

    1978-01-01

    By July 1978 the CERN-Hamburg-Amsterdam-Rome-Moskow Collaboration (CHARM) has set up the experiment WA18, behind WA1 (on the right), in the neutrino wide-band (WBB) and narrow-band (NBB) beams, at the West Area Neutrino Facility (WANF)and started data taking data.

  10. Surface-water/ground-water interaction of the Spokane River and the Spokane Valley/Rathdrum Prairie aquifer, Idaho and Washington

    Science.gov (United States)

    Caldwell, Rodney R.; Bowers, Craig L.

    2003-01-01

    Historical mining in the Coeur d’Alene River Basin of northern Idaho has resulted in elevated concentrations of some trace metals (particularly cadmium, lead, and zinc) in water and sediment of Coeur d’Alene Lake and downstream in the Spokane River in Idaho and Washington. These elevated trace-metal concentrations in the Spokane River have raised concerns about potential contamination of ground water in the underlying Spokane Valley/Rathdrum Prairie aquifer, the primary source of drinking water for the city of Spokane and surrounding areas. A study conducted as part of the U.S. Geological Survey’s National Water-Quality Assessment Program examined the interaction of the river and aquifer using hydrologic and chemical data along a losing reach of the Spokane River. The river and ground water were extensively monitored over a range of hydrologic conditions at a streamflow-gaging station and 25 monitoring wells situated from 40 to 3,500 feet from the river. River stage, ground-water levels, water temperature, and specific conductance were measured hourly to biweekly. Water samples were collected on nearly a monthly basis between 1999 and 2001 from the Spokane River and were collected up to nine times between June 2000 and August 2001 from the monitoring wells.

  11. At WA11

    CERN Multimedia

    1977-01-01

    Starting with february 1977 the WA5 spectrometer of the Indiana-Saclay Collaboration originally designed to study hadron backward scattering on protons, and later modified by the Indiana-Imperial College (London)-Saclay-Southampton Collaboration, was used (experiment WA11) to search for high mass states produced with the J/psi. On the left, Tom Marshall moves in a beam hodoscope. On the right, at the entrance of the Goliath magnet, one sees the 1 m long hydrogen target. (Later the set-up was reshuffled, and the hydrogen target was replaced by a set of Be targets located upstream of the magnet.)

  12. At WA3

    CERN Multimedia

    1977-01-01

    Installation of one half of the photon calorimeter as a part of the multiparticle spectrometer of the ACCMOR Collaboration (WA3). The calorimeter was 28 radiation lengths deep and consisted of two identical blocks of 40 scintillator planes with 2 cm wide elements, interleaved with layers of lead 4 mm thick. Robert Klanner stands on the right (see photo 7710073).

  13. Preparing for WA34

    CERN Multimedia

    1977-01-01

    Following a proposal by a CERN-Florence-Genova Collaboration to study charmed particles photoproduced in emulsion plates tagged by the Omega apparatus triggers, WA34 was a test exposure to demonstrate the validity of the experimental method. Here (centre) Giordano Diambrini-Palazzi inside the Omega magnet. the validity of the experimental method.

  14. At WA7

    CERN Multimedia

    1977-01-01

    The CERN-Genoa-Annecy(LAPP)- Niels Bohr Institute, Copenhagen-Oslo-University College,London Collaboration set-up the experiment WA7 to study two-body reactions at large transverse momentum. Here, Michel Yvert, Alberto Santronico, Per Carlson

  15. 75 FR 58424 - Notice of Intent to Repatriate Cultural Items: Northwest Museum of Arts & Culture, Spokane, WA

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-09-24

    ... rolled copper beads, 6 dentalium, 1 piece of cordage, 1 long jadeite celt and 1 chipped flint fragment... celt, 44 bone implements, 3 stone pipes, 3 projectile points, 3 schist scrapers, 1 mussel shell, 1... and shell pendants, 1 spear point, 1 carved stone pipe, 1 jadeite celt, 1 jadeite adze, 2...

  16. 78 FR 2428 - Notice of Intent To Repatriate Cultural Items: Northwest Museum of Arts & Culture, Spokane, WA

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-01-11

    ... National Park Service Notice of Intent To Repatriate Cultural Items: Northwest Museum of Arts & Culture... & Culture, also known as the Eastern Washington State Historical Society, in consultation with the appropriate Indian tribe, has determined that the cultural items meet the definition of unassociated...

  17. Preliminary characterization of nitrogen and phosphorus in groundwater discharging to Lake Spokane, northeastern Washington, using stable nitrogen isotopes

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gendaszek, Andrew S.; Cox, Stephen E.; Spanjer, Andrew R.

    2016-02-29

    Lake Spokane, locally referred to as Long Lake, is a 24-mile-long section of the Spokane River impounded by Long Lake Dam that has, in recent decades, experienced water-quality problems associated with eutrophication. Consumption of oxygen by the decomposition of aquatic plants that have proliferated because of high nutrient concentrations has led to seasonally low dissolved oxygen concentrations in the lake. Of nitrogen and phosphorus, the two primary nutrients necessary for aquatic vegetation growth, phosphorus was previously identified as the limiting nutrient that regulates the growth of aquatic plants and, thus, dissolved oxygen concentrations in Lake Spokane. Phosphorus is delivered to Lake Spokane from municipal and industrial point-source inputs to the Spokane River upstream of Lake Spokane, but is also conveyed by groundwater and surface water from nonpoint-sources including septic tanks, agricultural fields, and wildlife. In response, the Washington State Department of Ecology listed Lake Spokane on the 303(d) list of impaired water bodies for low dissolved oxygen concentrations and developed a Total Maximum Daily Load for phosphorus in 1992, which was revised in 2010 because of continuing algal blooms and water-quality concerns.This report evaluates the concentrations of phosphorus and nitrogen in shallow groundwater discharging to Lake Spokane to determine if a difference exists between nutrient concentrations in groundwater discharging to the lake downgradient of residential development with on-site septic systems and downgradient of undeveloped land without on-site septic systems. Elevated nitrogen isotope values (δ15N) within the roots of aquatic vegetation were used as an indicator of septic-system derived nitrogen. δ15N values were measured in August and September 2014 downgradient of residential development near the lakeshore, of residential development on 300-ft-high terraces above the lake, and of undeveloped land in the eastern (upper) and

  18. Data of evolutionary structure change: 1RE3E-2J3GD [Confc[Archive

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available 1RE3E-2J3GD 1RE3 2J3G E D SNIPTNLRVLRSILENLRSKIQKLESDVSAQMEYCRTPC...TVSCNIPVVSGKECEEIIRKGGETSEMYLIQPDSSVKPYRVYCDMNTENGGWTVIQNRQDGSVDFGRKWDPYKQGFGNVATNTDGKNYCGLPGEYWLGNDKISQLTRMGPTELLIEMEDWKGD...---GEFWLGNDNIHALTAQGTSELRTDLVDFEDNYQFAKYRSFKVADEAEKYNLVLGAFVEGSAGDSL------------TFH--NNQSFSTKDQDNDLNT-----GN... 2J3G D 2J3GD LGAFVEGSAGD...D 2J3GD YLPDC-RPLTV EE -EE

  19. Digital model simulation of the hydrologic flow system, with emphasis on ground water in Spokane Valley, Washington and Idaho

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bolke, E.L. Vaccaro; Washington, J.J.

    1980-01-01

    A digital-computer model of the hydrologic flow system, with emphasis on ground water, was developed for the Spokane Valley, Washington and Idaho. The current rate of ground water pumping has little effect on water levels in the Spokane aquifer, although short-term water-level declines occur locally. The model was used to show the effects of increased ground-water pumping on aquifer heads and streamflow. Increasing the pumping rates, by a factor of 2 from the 1977 rates, lowered water levels in the Spokane aquifer less than 3 feet during a 1-year simulation. Doubling the ground-water pumping caused a decrease in discharge of the Spokane River, as measured at Spokane, of about 150 cubic feet per second during the summer months and about 50 cubic feet per second during the rest of the year. The leakage from the aquifer to the Little Spokane River was decreased by less than 10 cubic feet per second by doubling the ground-water pumping. (USGS)

  20. The J3 SCR model applied to resonant converter simulation

    Science.gov (United States)

    Avant, R. L.; Lee, F. C. Y.

    1985-01-01

    The J3 SCR model is a continuous topology computer model for the SCR. Its circuit analog and parameter estimation procedure are uniformly applicable to popular computer-aided design and analysis programs such as SPICE2 and SCEPTRE. The circuit analog is based on the intrinsic three pn junction structure of the SCR. The parameter estimation procedure requires only manufacturer's specification sheet quantities as a data base.

  1. Counter support for WA35

    CERN Multimedia

    1977-01-01

    This assembly was equipped with 78 counters, each consisting of a lucite cone, to produce Cerenkov light, and a CsI scintillator plate of 3 mm thickness glued on the face of the cone. The experiment WA35 was set-up in the s1 beam (West Hall) by the Darmstadt-Heidelberg-Virginia-Warsaw Collaboration to measure angular distributions and multiplicities of pions and recoil protons produced by hadrons interacting in nuclei. (See Annual Report 1976 p. 39)

  2. InSAR Evidence for an active shallow thrust fault beneath the city of Spokane Washington, USA

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wicks, Charles W.; Weaver, Craig S.; Bodin, Paul; Sherrod, Brian

    2013-01-01

    In 2001, a nearly five month long sequence of shallow, mostly small magnitude earthquakes occurred beneath the city of Spokane, a city with a population of about 200,000, in the state of Washington. During most of the sequence, the earthquakes were not well located because seismic instrumentation was sparse. Despite poor-quality locations, the earthquake hypocenters were likely very shallow, because residents near the city center both heard and felt many of the earthquakes. The combination of poor earthquake locations and a lack of known surface faults with recent movement make assessing the seismic hazards related to the earthquake swarm difficult. However, the potential for destruction from a shallow moderate-sized earthquake is high, for example Christchurch New Zealand in 2011, so assessing the hazard potential of a seismic structure involved in the Spokane earthquake sequence is important. Using interferometric synthetic aperture radar (InSAR) data from the European Space Agency ERS2 and ENVISAT satellites and the Canadian Space Agency RADARSAT-1, satellite we are able to show that slip on a shallow previously unknown thrust fault, which we name the Spokane Fault, is the source of the earthquake sequence. The part of the Spokane Fault that slipped during the 2001 earthquake sequence underlies the north part of the city, and slip on the fault was concentrated between ~0.3 and 2 km depth. Projecting the buried fault plane to the surface gives a possible surface trace for the Spokane Fault that strikes northeast from the city center into north Spokane.

  3. Hsaing Waing: Classical Ensemble of Myanmar

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Chalermkit Kengkeaw

    2013-09-01

    Full Text Available Hsaing Waing is a classical music ensemble and a prominent culturalidentity of Myanmar. The Hsaing Waing ensemble consists of many instruments such as the Pat Waing, Muang Hsaing, Hne, Chauk Lon Bat, Byaung, Wa, Wallet Kok, Yakin, Si, and Mong. The earliest historical record of the Hsaing Waing is in 1544 where the Pat Waing and possibly the Hsaing Waing, was in royal service at the court of King Tabinshwehti of the Taungoo dynasty and prospered under the Kaunbaun dynasty up to colonial rule. During colonization, Hsaing Waing’s popularity declined but other innovations were introduced such as modern recording mediums and broadcasts which transferred the popularity of Hsaing Waing to a broader public audience and brought innovation to religious music, ceremonial rituals, fusion of westernmusical instruments such as the piano, violin and mandolin. The wealth of knowledge and numbers of connoisseur during the Kaunbaun dynasty led to the transfer of knowledge to many apprentices which were responsible for the development and adaptation and continuation of Hsaing Waing during colonization, socialism and independence. The transfer of knowledge was carried out by previous generations through apprentices, family members, close relatives and inspired individuals. The factors for the successful inheritance of Hsaing Waing are management, education, musicians and opportunity.

  4. Where are $\\chi_{cJ}(3P)$?

    CERN Document Server

    Chen, Dian-Yong

    2016-01-01

    In the present work, we propose the $Y(4140)$ as the $\\chi_{c1}(3P)$ state by studying the $\\chi_{c1} \\pi^+ \\pi^-$ invariant mass spectrum of the $B\\to K \\chi_{c1} \\pi^+ \\pi^-$ process. In the $D\\bar{D}$ invariant mass spectrum of the $B\\to K D\\bar{D}$ process, we find a new resonance with the mass and width to be $ (4083.0 \\pm 5.0) $ and $ (24.1 \\pm 15.4) $ MeV, respectively, which could be a good candidate of the $\\chi_{c0}(3P)$ state. The theoretical investigations on the decay behaviors of the $\\chi_{cJ}(3P)$ in the present work support the assignments of the $Y(4140)$ and $Y(4080)$ as the $\\chi_{c1}(3P)$ and $\\chi_{c0}(3P)$ states, respectively. In addition, the $\\chi_{c2}(3P)$ state is predicted to be a very narrow state. The results in the present work could be tested by further experiments in the LHCb and forthcoming Belle II.

  5. Hobo Orator Union: Class Composition and the Spokane Free Speech Fight of the Industrial Workers of the World

    Science.gov (United States)

    May, Matthew S.

    2011-01-01

    From 1909 to 1910, the public performance of soap-box oratory began to effect dramatic changes in the composition of migrant workers throughout the Pacific Northwest. Municipal authorities in Spokane attempted to curb the formation of a union of hobo orators by outlawing public speech-making within the city fire limits. The ensuing confrontation…

  6. Study on Several Characteristics of Agaricus blazei Murril Strain J3 Irradiated by 60Co

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    WENG Bo-qi; JIANG Zhi-he; HUANG Ting-jun; CHEN Jian; ZHENG Wei-wen

    2003-01-01

    A new mutant strain J3 from Agaricus blazei Murril was obtained by 60Co irradiation. The yields of successive generations were increased more than 70% to compare with their original strain. The component analysis on amino acids and fatty acid illuminated that the nutrient value of strain J3 fruiting body was better than the original strain. The apparent nodule structure was found in the hyphea of J3 strain through the observation by scanning electron microscope. RAPD analysis showed the great difference of PCR fingerprints between J3 and its original strain. It is a promising mutant strain for further commercial development in the future.

  7. WA80 BGO calorimetry electronics

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    This paper describes instrumentation designed for BGO scintillator-based calorimetry of particles covering a very wide range of energies (from less than 50 MeV to 50 GeV). The instrumentation was designed to have a measurement accuracy of 0.1% over as much of the energy range as possible so the energy resolution of BGO would be the limiting factor. Two 1.5-cm2 photodiodes were used per 2.5 cm x 2.5 cm x 25 cm BGO crystal. Both a charge-sensitive preamplifier and a pulse processor were developed specifically for the needs of the WA80 experiment. The preamplifier was designed for high detector capacitance (100 to 700 pF), low integral and differential non-linearity and low power consumption (200 mW). The pulse processor is a time-invariant shaping amplifier with integral peak-detect-and-hold and automatic gain selection circuits. The amplifier use quasi-triangular shaping with 4 μs peaking time, and the hold circuit is gated with a fast first level trigger. The system has more than 20 bits of effective resolution when used with an external 12-bit ADC. Results from beam tests at CERN are presented. 6 refs., 5 figs., 1 tab

  8. Wide field CO J = 3¿2 mapping of the Serpens Cloud Core

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Dionatos, Odyssefs; Nisini, Brunella; Codella, Claudio;

    2010-01-01

    this homogeneous dataset for a single star forming site. Methods. An area comprising 460''×230'' of the Serpens cloud core has been mapped in 12CO J = 3¿2 with the HARP-B heterodyne array at the James Clerk Maxwell Telescope; J = 3¿2 observations are more sensitive tracers of hot outflow gas than lower J CO...

  9. Radon and remedial action in Spokane River Valley residences: an interim report

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Fifty-six percent of 46 residences monitored in the Spokane River Valley in eastern Washington/northern Idaho have indoor radon concentrations above the National Council for Radiation Protection (NCRP) guidelines of 8 pCi/1. Indoor levels were over 20 pCi/1 in eight homes, and ranged up to 132 pCi/1 in one house. Radon concentrations declined by factors of 4 to 38 during summer months. Measurements of soil emanation rates, domestic water supply concentrations, and building material flux rates indicate that diffusion of radon does not significantly contribute to the high concentrations observed. Rather, radon entry is dominated by pressure-driven bulk soil gas transport, aggravated by the local subsurface soil composition and structure. A variety of radon control strategies are being evaluated in 14 of these homes. Sub-surface ventilation by depressurization and overpressurization, basement overpressurization, and crawlspace ventilation are capable of successfully reducing radon levels below 5 pCi/1 in these homes. House ventilation is appropriate in buildings with low-moderate concentrations, while sealing of cracks has been relatively ineffective

  10. 77 FR 61466 - Washington Disaster #WA-00037

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-10-09

    ... ADMINISTRATION Washington Disaster WA-00037 AGENCY: U.S. Small Business Administration. ACTION: Notice. SUMMARY... completed loan applications to: U.S. Small Business Administration, Processing and Disbursement Center... Disaster Assistance, U.S. Small Business Administration, 409 3rd Street SW., Suite 6050, Washington,...

  11. IKAR, a ionization chamber for WA9

    CERN Document Server

    1976-01-01

    This ionization chamber arrived at CERN from Leningrad for a high precision study of hadron elastic scattering by a CERN-Clermont-Ferrand-Leningrad-Lyon-Uppsala Collaboration in the H3 beam (WA9). G.A. Korolev (third from right) looks at the drawings.

  12. Characterization of Rhodococcus wratislaviensis strain J3 that degrades 4-nitrocatechol and other nitroaromatic compounds.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Navrátilová, Jitka; Tvrzová, Ludmila; Durnová, Eva; Spröer, Cathrin; Sedlácek, Ivo; Neca, Jirí; Nemec, Miroslav

    2005-02-01

    The bacterial strain J3 was isolated from soil by selective enrichment on mineral medium containing 4-nitrocatechol as the sole carbon and energy source. This strain was identified as Rhodococcus wratislaviensis on the basis of morphology, biochemical, physiological and chemotaxonomic characterization and complete sequencing of the 16S rDNA gene. The isolated bacterium could utilize 4-nitrocatechol, 3-nitrophenol and 5-nitroguaiacol as sole carbon and energy sources. Stoichiometric release of nitrites was measured during degradation of 4-nitrocatechol both in growing cultures and for stationary phase cells. The J3 strain was unable to degrade 4-nitroguaiacol, 2-nitrophenol, 4-nitrophenol, 2,4-dinitrobenzoic acid, 4,5-dimethoxy-2-nitrobenzoic acid and 2,3-difluoro-6-nitrophenol. The J3 strain is deposited in the Czech Collection of Microorganisms as CCM 4930.

  13. Experiment WA1 (CDHS Neutrino Experiment)

    CERN Multimedia

    1977-01-01

    Experiment WA1, also known under CDHS (CERN, Dortmund, Heidelberg, Saclay; spokesman Jack Steinberger), was the first neutrino experiment on the SPS, in its West Area. Magnetized iron (with a toroidal field) forms the core of the detector. On its outside we see drift chambers and photomultipliers (detecting the light from the plastic scintillators further in). Peter Schilly is wearing a white coat. See also CERN Annual Report 1976, p.57.

  14. Recent results from the WA98 experiment

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Peitzmann, T.; Aggarwal, M.M.; Agnihotri, A.; Ahammed, Z.; Angelis, A.L.S.; Antonenko, V.; Arefiev, V.; Astakhov, V.; Avdeitchikov, V.; Awes, T.C.; Baba, P.V.K.S.; Badyal, S.K.; Baldine, A.; Barabach, L.; Barlag, C.; Bathe, S.; Batiounia, B.; Bernier, T.; Bhalla, K.B.; Bhatia, V.S.; Blume, C.; Bohne, E.-M.; Bucher, D.; Buijs, A.; Buesching, H.; Carlen, L.; Chalyshev, V.; Chattopadhyay, S.; Cherbatchev, R.; Chujo, T.; Claussen, A.; Das, A.C.; Decowski, M.P.; Delagrange, H.; Djordjadze, V.; Donni, P.; Doubovik, I.; Dutt, S.; Dutta Majumdar, M.R.; El Chenawi, K.; Eliseev, S.; Enosawa, K.; Foka, P.; Fokin, S.; Frolov, V.; Ganti, M.S.; Garpman, S.; Gavrishchuk, O.; Geurts, F.J.M.; Ghosh, T.K.; Glasow, R.; Gupta, S.K.; Guskov, B.; Gustafsson, H.A.; Gutbrod, H.H.; Higuchi, R.; Hrivnacova, I.; Ippolitov, M.; Kalechofsky, H.; Kamermans, R.; Kampert, K.-H.; Karadjev, K.; Karpio, K.; Kato, S.; Kim, H.; Kolb, B.W.; Kosarev, I.; Koutcheryaev, I.; Kugler, A.; Kulinich, P.; Kurata, M.; Kurita, K.; Kuzmin, N.; Langbein, I.; Lebedev, A.; Lee, Y.Y.; Loehner, H.; Luquin, L.; Mahapatra, D.P.; Manko, V.; Martin, M.; Martinez, G.; Maximov, A.; Mehdiyev, R.; Mgebrichvili, G.; Miake, Y.; Mikhalev, D.; Mir, Md.F.; Mishra, G.C.; Miyamoto, Y.; Mohanty, B.; Morrison, D.; Mukhopadhyay, D.S.; Myalkovski, V.; Naef, H.; Nandi, B.K.; Nayak, S.K.; Nayak, T.K.; Neumaier, S.; Nianine, A.; Nikitine, V.; Nikolaev, S.; Nilsson, P.; Nishimura, S.; Nomokonov, P.; Nystrand, J.; Obenshain, F.E.; Oskarsson, A.; Otterlund, I.; Pachr, M.; Parfenov, A.; Pavliouk, S.; Petracek, V.; Plasil, F.; Pinganaud, W.; Purschke, M.L.; Raeven, B.; Rak, J.; Raniwala, R.; Raniwala, S.; Ramamurthy, V.S.; Rao, N.K.; Retiere, F.; Reygers, K.; Roland, G.; Rosselet, L.; Roufanov, I.; Roy, C.; Rubio, J.M.; Sako, H.; Sambyal, S.S.; Santo, R.; Sato, S.; Schlagheck, H.; Schmidt, H.-R.; Schutz, Y.; Shabratova, G.; Shah, T.H.; Sibiriak, I.; Siemiarczuk, T.; Silvermyr, D.; Sinha, B.C.; Slavine, N.; Soederstroem, K. [and others

    1999-12-27

    Recent results of the WA98 experiment with Pb induced reactions at 158. A GeV are presented. The scaling properties of the transverse energy and the charged particle multiplicity at midrapidity with the number of participants is studied. Neutral pion spectra are compared to hydrodynamical parameterizations. The analysis of collective flow at target rapidity and at midrapidity is presented. The status of the study of direct photons and the search for isospin fluctuations is discussed.

  15. Members of the WA9 team celebrate

    CERN Multimedia

    1976-01-01

    WA9 was an experiment set up by the Clermont Ferrand-Leningrad-Lyon-Uppsala Collaboration to study with high precision elastic scattering in the Coulomb interference region. Here: A.A. Vorobyov, M. Querrou, A.P. Kashchuk, I.I. Tkach, J.P. Martin, T. Ekelöf, G.A. Korolev, (?), V.A. Schegelsky, A.S. Denisov, S. Kullander, M. Chemarin, P. Grafström, S. Maury, E. Hagberg

  16. CO J = 3 -> 2 observations of translucent and high-latitude molecular clouds

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Dishoeck, van E.F.; Phillips, T.G.; Black, J.H.; Gredel, R.

    1991-01-01

    Measurements were carried out on the CO J = 3-2 emission line at 345 GHz from a number of translucent and high-latitude molecular clouds, as well as on the J = 2-1 and J = 1-0 lines of both the (C-12)O and (C-13)O. It is shown that the physical conditions in the high-latitude clouds are very similar

  17. Some Thoughts on the English Version of "Fu Wa"

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    易高燕

    2009-01-01

    There have been many disputes about the translation of the Beijing 2008 Olympiad Mascots since it was first announced in 2005.And it was at last translated directly as the Chinese phonetic alphabet " Fu Wa".So this essay is going to explore some ideas of the English translation of "Fu Wa",and meanwhile discuss some translation approaches of culture-loaded words.

  18. 77 FR 37317 - Drawbridge Operation Regulation; Lake Washington, Seattle, WA

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-06-21

    ... SECURITY Coast Guard 33 CFR Part 117 Drawbridge Operation Regulation; Lake Washington, Seattle, WA AGENCY... across Lake Washington at Seattle, WA. This deviation is necessary to accommodate the running of the....1 miles). The race course passes over the SR 520 Lake Washington Bridge. The SR 520 Bridge...

  19. 78 FR 67027 - Drawbridge Operation Regulation; Lake Washington, Seattle, WA

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-11-08

    ... SECURITY Coast Guard 33 CFR Part 117 Drawbridge Operation Regulation; Lake Washington, Seattle, WA AGENCY... (State Route 520) across Lake Washington at Seattle, WA. The deviation is necessary to accommodate... draw span of the Evergreen Point Floating Bridge on Lake Washington to remain in the closed...

  20. Evaluation of water-quality characteristics of part of the Spokane Aquifer, Washington and Idaho, using a solute-transport digital model

    Science.gov (United States)

    Vaccaro, J.J.; Bolke, E.L.

    1983-01-01

    The principal dissolved constituents in water in the Spokane aquifer are calcium and bicarbonate. These constituents (as well as dissolved solids, hardness, and magnesium) each correlate well with specific conductance, whereas chloride, sodium, and nitrate each do not. Specific conductance ranges from 73 to 820 micromhos per centimeter throughout the study area. Short-term variations in water quality in the Spokane aquifer are generally greater than long-term variations. Vertical variations in concentration of chemical constituents occurred in four of 15 wells used to sample the upper 50 feet of the aquifer along several cross sections. Changes in water quality from one cross section to another could not be directly related to land-use activities. A digital model was developed and used to simulate solute transport of conservative ions in the Spokane aquifer. Specifically, the model was used to estimate the impact of the chloride ion from recharge through septic tanks and from irrigation on the water quality of the aquifer. Analysis shows that the estimated impact on the aquifer from these two source loadings was less than a 1-milligram-per-liter increase throughout approximately 80 percent of the aquifer, but increases averaging about 3 milligrams per liter occurred in some peripheral areas. Various water-quality-management schemes based on manmade or natural stresses can be tested with the model.

  1. Ki wa ja loodus / Martin Rünkla

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Rünk, Martin

    2010-01-01

    Ki wa näitus "Wildlife documentaries" ("Looduse valetõlked") Tallinnas Draakoni galeriis 23. jaanuarini 2010. Eksponeeritud mustvalged tekstimaalid. Kunstnik tõlgendab looduspilte ja helisid tekstina

  2. Diet - Recolonization of the Cedar River, WA by Pacific salmon

    Data.gov (United States)

    National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, Department of Commerce — The objective of this study is to quantify population, community, and ecosystem level changes as a result of salmon recolonization of the Cedar River, WA above...

  3. Isotopes - Recolonization of the Cedar River, WA by Pacific salmon

    Data.gov (United States)

    National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, Department of Commerce — The objective of this study is to quantify population, community, and ecosystem level changes as a result of salmon recolonization of the Cedar River, WA above...

  4. Identification of the cranium of W.A. Mozart.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Puech, P F; Puech, B; Tichy, G

    1989-01-01

    In 1801 at the cemetery in Vienna, Austria, the skull of W.A. Mozart was exhumed (La Chronique Médicale, 13 (1906) 423), and now it has been examined for identification. The osteometrical and osteological findings correspond with the available data of W.A. Mozart. Superimposition gives evidence that craniofacial distinctiveness of the cranium is consistent with the portrait. Additional individual particularities caused by the premature synostosis of the metopic suture (PSMS) and a bone lesion are described.

  5. WAMBO Mincing Corporation. WA51 geological report

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2000-07-01

    This paper summarizes geological data related to the test hole WA51 drilled at Wambo Mine in New South Wales, Australia, and data of gas separation and analysis performed as a preliminary study on methane gas control and utilization. The geological data present descriptions of ground beds in correspondence with depths, core collection rate, geological column chart, and core photographic records. The gas separation and analysis were performed on cores from thin coal beds at Arrowfield and Bowfield. The amounts of the separated gas from individual samples are 10.96 to 11.70 m{sup 3}/ton in Arrowfield, and 12.68 to 13.38 m{sup 3}/ton in Bowfield. The gas from the thin Arrowfield bed contained methane at 80.61%, carbon dioxide at 19.14%, and nitrogen gas at 0.16%. The gas from the thin Bowfield bed contained methane at 68.37%, carbon dioxide at 31.02%, and nitrogen gas at 0.33%. (NEDO)

  6. WAMBO Mincing Corporation. WA50 geological report

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2000-07-01

    This paper summarizes geological data related to the test hole WA50 drilled at Wambo Mine in New South Wales, Australia, and data of gas separation and analysis performed as a preliminary study on methane gas control and utilization. The geological data present descriptions of ground beds in correspondence with depths, core collection rate, geological column chart, and core photographic records. The gas separation and analysis were performed on cores from thin coal beds at Arrowfield and Bowfield. The amounts of the separated gas from individual samples are 8.85 to 10.69 m{sup 3}/ton in Arrowfield, and 7.83 to 11.74 m{sup 3}/ton in Bowfield. The gas from the thin Arrowfield bed contained methane at 65.6%, carbon dioxide at 27.8%, and nitrogen gas at 6.6%. The gas from the thin Bowfield bed contained methane at 67.0%, carbon dioxide at 25.9%, and nitrogen gas at 7.0%. (NEDO)

  7. Stark effect in the J = 3 4 microwave line of tert-butyl chloride molecule

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gierszal, S.; Mis-Kuzminska, E.; Stankowski, J.; Galica, J.

    1984-03-01

    Stark effect in the J = 3 - 4 transition spectrum of the tert-butyl chloride has been investigated. The perturbation of the rotational levels by combined effect of the quadrupole and an intermediate electric fields was calculated and used for identify the Stark components. The rotational spectrum of tert-butyl chloride /CH 3/ 3CCl is characterised by the rotational constants A = 4518.70 MHz[1] and B = 3017.85 MHz, dipole moment U= 2.12 D, and quadrupole interaction constant eqQ = -67.58 MHz [2,3]. The energy of rotational states of the tert-butyl chloride molecule is described by the Hamiltonian ? where H 0 is the unperturbed rotational energy, H Q that of interaction of the angular momentum and quadrupole moment of the chlorine nucleus, and H E the Stark energy. Since H Q ˜ H E for the electric field strengths applied during the present investigation, we are dealing with the case of intermediate fields. To solve the problem theoretically we had recourse to the representation in F-space and calculated the energy for the perturbation H Q + H E as done by Low and Townes [4]. The theoretical distances of the Stark components from the absorption line of tert-butyl chloride for various electric field strengths at J = 3 - 4 and ΔM F = 0 is shown in Fig. 1a and 1b. We applied the theoretically calculated distances of the Stark components from the absorption line of /CH 3/ 3CCl as function of the electric field strength as well as the relative intensities of the components in order to interpret our experimental results concerning the Stark effect.

  8. Spawning New Ideas: A Cycle of Discovery. Conference Proceedings of the Annual International Conference of the Association for Experiential Education (24th, Spokane, WA, September 26-29, 1996).

    Science.gov (United States)

    Baker, Babs, Ed.

    This conference proceedings includes 66 papers, workshop descriptions, and abstracts concerned with experiential education; outdoor education; adventure-based education, counseling, and therapy; and outdoor leadership. Topics include various aspects of program design and administration; experiential educational practices and group facilitation…

  9. CO(J=3-2) On-the-fly Mapping of the Nearby Spiral Galaxies NGC 628 and NGC 7793: Spatially-resolved CO(J=3-2) Star-formation Law

    CERN Document Server

    Muraoka, Kazuyuki; Yanagitani, Kazuki; Kaneko, Hiroyuki; Nakanishi, Kouichiro; Kuno, Nario; Sorai, Kazuo; Tosaki, Tomoka; Kohno, Kotaro

    2015-01-01

    We present the results of CO(J=3-2) on-the-fly mappings of two nearby non-barred spiral galaxies NGC 628 and NGC 7793 with the Atacama Submillimeter Telescope Experiment at an effective angular resolution of 25". We successfully obtained global distributions of CO(J=3-2) emission over the entire disks at a sub-kpc resolution for both galaxies. We examined the spatially-resolved (sub-kpc) relationship between CO(J=3-2) luminosities (L'CO(3-2)) and infrared (IR) luminosities (LIR) for NGC 628, NGC 7793, and M 83, and compared it with global luminosities of JCMT Nearby Galaxy Legacy Survey sample. We found a striking linear L'CO(3-2)-LIR correlation over the 4 orders of magnitude, and the correlation is consistent even with that for ultraluminous infrared galaxies and submillimeter selected galaxies. In addition, we examined the spatially-resolved relationship between CO(J=3-2) intensities (ICO(3-2)) and extinction-corrected star formation rates (SFRs) for NGC 628, NGC 7793, and M 83, and compared it with that f...

  10. U’wa: visión y testamento

    OpenAIRE

    Shita, Asociación de autoridades tradicionales U'wa Werjain

    2012-01-01

    El texto es un manifiesto de las autoridades tradicionales U'wa Werjain Shita, en las que reafirman sus principios y convicciones, y denuncian las malas prácticas y mala conciencia del hombre blanco. Afirman su decisión de defender su Tierra, y proclaman que con cada especie que desaparece y con cada pueblo originario que se extingue, la comunidad humana se empequeñece. Ce texte est un manifeste des autorités traditionnelles U’wa Werjain Shita dans lequel elles réaffirment leurs principes ...

  11. Remediation of Degrading Bacterium Alcaligenes sp. J3 on Phytotoxicity Caused by Quinclorac%降解菌J3对茄科作物二氯喹啉酸药害的修复作用

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    黄翅; 罗坤

    2015-01-01

    为了明确二氯喹啉酸降解菌J3对茄科作物二氯喹啉酸药害的修复作用,在湖南农业大学教学实习基地进行了田间试验。结果表明:经降解菌J3处理后,茄子的叶长、叶宽、株高分别恢复到了空白对照的93.98%、91.88%、95.55%,而药害对照组茄子的叶长、叶宽、株高仅为空白对照的55.23%、49.71%、75.76%;降解菌处理后,烟草的叶长、叶宽及株高分别恢复到了空白对照组的90.95%、92.37%、91.91%,而药害对照组烟草的叶长、叶宽及株高仅为空白对照组72.81%、37.55%、68.45%。由此表明,二氯喹啉酸降解菌J3对茄科作物茄子、烟草的药害可以起到良好的修复效果,可以广泛用于田间作物二氯喹啉酸药害的生物修复。%Field experiment was conducted in order to test remediation effect of quinclorac degrading bacteria J3 on quinclorac phytotoxicity to Solanaceae crops.The results showed that with application of strain J3,leaf length,leaf width and plant height of eggplant were recovered to 93.98%,91.88%,95.55%of CK,while that of control were only 55.23%,49.71%,75.76%of CK;with application of strain J3,leaf length,leaf width and plant height of tobacco were recovered to 90.95%,92.37% and 91.91% of healthy tobacco,while that of control were only 72.81%,37.55%,68.45% of healthy tobacco.It’s indicated that J3 could effectively alleviate quinclorac phytotoxicity of Solanaceae crops,and it could be widely used for bioremediation of quinclorac phytotoxicity.

  12. CO(J = 3-2) on-the-fly mapping of the nearby spiral galaxies NGC 628 and NGC 7793: Spatially resolved CO(J = 3-2) star-formation law

    Science.gov (United States)

    Muraoka, Kazuyuki; Takeda, Miho; Yanagitani, Kazuki; Kaneko, Hiroyuki; Nakanishi, Kouichiro; Kuno, Nario; Sorai, Kazuo; Tosaki, Tomoka; Kohno, Kotaro

    2016-04-01

    We present the results of CO(J = 3-2) on-the-fly mappings of two nearby non-barred spiral galaxies, NGC 628 and NGC 7793, with the Atacama Submillimeter Telescope Experiment at an effective angular resolution of 25″. We successfully obtained global distributions of CO(J = 3-2) emission over the entire disks at a sub-kpc resolution for both galaxies. We examined the spatially resolved (sub-kpc) relationship between CO(J = 3-2) luminosities (L^' }_CO(3-2)) and infrared (IR) luminosities (LIR) for NGC 628, NGC 7793, and M 83, and compared it with global luminosities of a JCMT (James Clerk Maxwell Telescope) Nearby Galaxy Legacy Survey sample. We found a striking linear L^' }_CO(3-2)-LIR correlation over the four orders of magnitude, and the correlation is consistent even with that for ultraluminous IR galaxies and submillimeter-selected galaxies. In addition, we examined the spatially resolved relationship between CO(J = 3-2) intensities (ICO(3-2)) and extinction-corrected star formation rates (SFRs) for NGC 628, NGC 7793, and M 83, and compared it with that for Giant Molecular Clouds in M 33 and 14 nearby galaxy centers. We found a linear ICO(3-2)-SFR correlation with ˜1 dex scatter. We conclude that the CO(J = 3-2) star-formation law (i.e., linear L^' }_CO(3-2)-LIR and ICO(3-2)-SFR correlations) is universally applicable to various types and spatial scales of galaxies; from spatially resolved nearby galaxy disks to distant IR-luminous galaxies, within ˜1 dex scatter.

  13. Optical properties of atmospheric fine particles near Beijing during the HOPE-J3A campaign

    Science.gov (United States)

    Xu, Xuezhe; Zhao, Weixiong; Zhang, Qilei; Wang, Shuo; Fang, Bo; Chen, Weidong; Venables, Dean S.; Wang, Xinfeng; Pu, Wei; Wang, Xin; Gao, Xiaoming; Zhang, Weijun

    2016-05-01

    The optical properties and chemical composition of PM1.0 particles in a suburban environment (Huairou) near the megacity of Beijing were measured during the HOPE-J3A (Haze Observation Project Especially for Jing-Jin-Ji Area) field campaign. The campaign covered the period November 2014 to January 2015 during the winter coal heating season. The average values and standard deviations of the extinction, scattering, absorption coefficients, and the aerosol single scattering albedo (SSA) at λ = 470 nm during the measurement period were 201 ± 240, 164 ± 202, 37 ± 43 Mm-1, and 0.80 ± 0.08, respectively. The average values for the real and imaginary components of the effective complex refractive index (CRI) over the campaign were 1.40 ± 0.06 and 0.03 ± 0.02, while the average mass scattering and absorption efficiencies (MSEs and MAEs) of PM1.0 were 3.6 and 0.7 m2 g-1, respectively. Highly time-resolved air pollution episodes clearly show the dramatic evolution of the PM1.0 size distribution, extensive optical properties (extinction, scattering, and absorption coefficients), and intensive optical properties (SSA and CRI) during haze formation, development, and decline. Time periods were classified into three different pollution levels (clear, slightly polluted, and polluted) for further analysis. It was found that (1) the relative contributions of organic and inorganic species to observed aerosol composition changed significantly from clear to polluted days: the organic mass fraction decreased from 50 to 43 % while the proportion of sulfates, nitrates, and ammonium increased strongly from 34 to 44 %. (2) Chemical apportionment of extinction, calculated using the IMPROVE algorithm, tended to underestimate the extinction compared to measurements. Agreement with measurements was improved by modifying the parameters to account for enhanced absorption by elemental carbon (EC). Organic mass was the largest contributor (52 %) to the total extinction of PM1.0, while EC

  14. 76 FR 3922 - Willapa National Wildlife Refuge, Pacific County, WA

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-01-21

    ... the Federal Register (73 FR 19238; April 9, 2008), announcing our intention to complete a CCP/EIS and... Stenvall, Project Leader, Willapa National Wildlife Refuge Complex, 3888 SR 101, Ilwaco, WA 98624. Web site... impoundments would be restored to historic estuarine habitats, and approximately 749 acres of open...

  15. Raimo Pullat kohtus Lech Wałesaga / Harda Roosna

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Roosna, Harda, 1956-

    2014-01-01

    Tallinna Ülikooli emeriitprofessor Raimo Pullat kohtus Poola ekspresidendi Lech Wałesaga Gdanski tehnikakõrgkooli 110. aastapäeva pidustustel, kuhu ta oli kutsutud kui peatselt valmiva teose "Värav tulevikku. Ganzigi Tehnikakõrgkool Eesti haritlaskonna kujunemisloos 1904-1939" autor

  16. 77 FR 66714 - Drawbridge Operation Regulation; Columbia River, Vancouver, WA

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-11-07

    ... Waterway, at Tacoma, WA. This deviation is necessary to perform extensive maintenance and repair work on... debris containment system attached to the underside of the bridge for the duration of construction... and the attached debris containment system, at all times during the deviation period. Vessels which...

  17. 77 FR 54805 - Revocation of Jet Route J-528; WA

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-09-06

    ... Department of Transportation (DOT) Regulatory Policies and Procedures (44 FR 11034; February 26, 1979); and... follows: Authority: 49 U.S.C. 106(g), 40103, 40113, 40120; E.O. 10854, 24 FR 9565, 3 CFR, 1959-1963 Comp... Federal Aviation Administration 14 CFR Part 71 RIN 2120-AA66 Revocation of Jet Route J-528; WA...

  18. WA104 - NESSiE R&D Plan

    CERN Document Server

    Stanco, L

    2014-01-01

    The WA104-NESSiE Collaboration operating at the CERN Neutrino Facility aims at developing innovative solutions for the determination of the momentum and charge state of low energy muons. The ultimate goal is to provide high efficiency detectors and analysis tools for the study of neutrino interactions in the 1-10 GeV energy range.

  19. View of the WA10 set-up

    CERN Multimedia

    1977-01-01

    The WA10 experiment by the Geneva-Lausanne Collaboration was set-up in the H5 beam (unseparated, up to 50 GeV/c) to study K+-p --> K0pi+-p and other reactions of similar topology, and the energy dependence of resonance production.

  20. 78 FR 16713 - Board Meeting; April 16, 2013; Richland, WA

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-03-18

    ... REVIEW BOARD Board Meeting; April 16, 2013; Richland, WA The U.S. Nuclear Waste Technical Review Board..., The U.S. Nuclear Waste Technical Review Board will hold an open public meeting in Richland, Washington... detailed meeting agenda will be available on the Board's Web site: www.nwtrb.gov approximately one...

  1. 78 FR 13887 - Notice of Inventory Completion: Washington State Parks and Recreation Commission, Olympia, WA

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-03-01

    ..., Olympia, WA AGENCY: National Park Service, Interior. ACTION: Notice. SUMMARY: The Washington State Parks... 42650, Olympia, WA 98504-2650, telephone (360) 902- 0939. SUPPLEMENTARY INFORMATION: Notice is here... contact Alicia Woods, Washington State Parks and Recreation Commission, PO Box 42650, Olympia, WA...

  2. 78 FR 50099 - Notice of Inventory Completion: Washington State Parks and Recreation Commission, Olympia, WA

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-08-16

    ..., Olympia, WA AGENCY: National Park Service, Interior. ACTION: Notice. SUMMARY: The Washington State Parks... and Recreation Commission, PO Box 42650, Olympia, WA 98504-2650, telephone (360) 902- 0939, email... Recreation Commission headquarters in Olympia, WA, sometime after 2006. No known individuals were...

  3. 77 FR 61782 - Notice of Inventory Completion: Washington State Parks and Recreation Commission, Olympia, WA

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-10-11

    ..., Olympia, WA AGENCY: National Park Service, Interior. ACTION: Notice. SUMMARY: The Washington State Parks.... Box 42650, Olympia, WA 98504-2650, telephone (360) 902-0939. SUPPLEMENTARY INFORMATION: Notice is here... and Recreation Commission, P.O. Box 42650, Olympia, WA 98504-2650, telephone (360) 902-0939,...

  4. 75 FR 14467 - Notice of Inventory Completion: Pierce College District, Lakewood, WA, and Thomas Burke Memorial...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-03-25

    ... National Park Service Notice of Inventory Completion: Pierce College District, Lakewood, WA, and Thomas... in the control of the Pierce College District, Lakewood, WA, and in the physical custody of the... Assistant Director of Facilities, Pierce College District, 9401 Farwest Dr. SW, Lakewood, WA...

  5. 75 FR 81641 - Odessa Subarea Special Study; Adams, Franklin, Grant, and Lincoln Counties, WA

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-12-28

    ... 98848. North Central Regional Library, Royal City Library, 136 Camelia Street, Royal City, WA 99357. Seattle Public Library, Central Library, 1000 Fourth Avenue, Seattle, WA 98104. Sprague Public Library, 119 West Second Street, Sprague, WA 99032. North Central Regional Library, Warden Library, 305...

  6. Sources, transport, and trends for selected trace metals and nutrients in the Coeur d'Alene and Spokane River Basins, Idaho, 1990-2013

    Science.gov (United States)

    Clark, Gregory M.; Mebane, Christopher A.

    2014-01-01

    Data collected at 18 streamflow-gaging and water-quality sampling sites in the Coeur d’Alene and Spokane River Basins of northern Idaho were used to estimate mean streamflow‑weighted concentrations and annual loads of total and dissolved cadmium, lead, and zinc, and total phosphorus (TP) and nitrogen (TN) for water years (WYs) 2009–13. Chronic Ambient Water Quality Criteria (AWQC) and AWQC ratios also were calculated to evaluate Idaho aquatic life criteria for chronic exposure to cadmium and zinc in streams. At four sites with a longer period of record, a Seasonal Kendall trend test was used to assess historical trends in the concentrations of total cadmium, lead, and zinc, and chronic AWQC ratios for cadmium and zinc during WYs 1990–2013.

  7. Development of the fast reactor group constant set JFS-3-J3.2R based on the JENDL-3.2

    CERN Document Server

    Chiba, G

    2002-01-01

    It is reported that the fast reactor group constant set JFS-3-J3.2 based on the newest evaluated nuclear data library JENDL3.2 has a serious error in the process of applying the weighting function. As the error affects greatly nuclear characteristics, and a corrected version of the reactor constant set, JFS-3-J3.2R, was developed, as well as lumped FP cross sections. The use of JFS-3-J3.2R improves the results of analyses especially on sample Doppler reactivity and reaction rate in the blanket region in comparison with those obtained using the JFS-3-J3.2.

  8. Beam current transformer (BCT) for experiment WA1/2

    CERN Multimedia

    1978-01-01

    In experiment WA1/2, a 400 GeV proton beam from the SPS was directed at a target, downstream of which a hadron line selected, in several narrow momentum bands, a beam of either pi+ and K+ or pi- and K-. These neutrino-parent particles, before entering a 292 m long decay tunnel, passed through a set of 2 BCTs of a design seen here. They measured the hadron intensity (10^10 to 10^11 particles/pulse) with a precision of the order of 1%. There were 2 of them, for enhanced precision and confidence. After the discovery of neutral currents in the Gargamelle-experiment, WA1/2 was the first follow-up, high-precision experiment (Z.Phys.C35, 443-452, 1987 and Z.Phys.C45, 361-379, 1990). See also 7706516X.

  9. Korean WA-DGNSS User Segment Software Design

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sayed Chhattan Shah

    2013-03-01

    Full Text Available Korean WA-DGNSS is a large scale research project funded by Ministry of Land, Transport and Maritime Affairs Korea. It aims to augment the Global Navigation Satellite System by broadcasting additional signals from geostationary satellites and providing differential correction messages and integrity data for the GNSS satellites. The project is being carried out by a consortium of universities and research institutes. The research team at Electronics and Telecommunications Research Institute is involved in design and development of data processing softwares for wide area reference station and user segment. This paper focuses on user segment software design. Korean WA-DGNSS user segment software is designed to perform several functions such as calculation of pseudorange, ionosphere and troposphere delays, application of fast and slow correction messages, and data verification. It is based on a layered architecture that provides a model to develop flexible and reusable software and is divided into several independent, interchangeable and reusable components to reduce complexity and maintenance cost. The current version is designed to collect and process GPS and WA-DGNSS data however it is flexible to accommodate future GNSS systems such as GLONASS and Galileo.

  10. Isolation of lead-resistant bacterial strain J3 and its characteristics%一株耐铅细菌J3的筛选分离及其生物学特性

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    罗雅; 蒋代华; 夏颖; 雷冬莉; 张福权

    2011-01-01

    The present experiment was conducted to isolate a high concentration of lead-resistant strain and to study its biological properties in order to apply it in bioremediation of heavy metal pollution in environment. [ Method ]The lead-resistant bacterium was isolated from heavy metal contaminated soil in mine area using selected culture medium. The physiological and biochemical characteristics, tolerance and Pb2+ adsorption ability of the isolated strains were analyzed. [Result]The results showed that the isolated strain J3 grew normally in beef extract-peptone medium containing 1000 mg-L-1 Pb2+, and it grew well in the range of 5.0-11.0 pH and 1.5-3.5% NaCl concentration. The isolated strain J3 was also found to grow well in medium with different concentrations of antibiotics, viz., tetracycline, erythromycin, chloromycetin and peni cillin. The Pb2* adsorption ability of J3 was enhanced with increase in initial concentration of Pb in culture medium, and showed the best effect at logarithmic growth period. [Conclusion ]The isolated strain J3 had stronger tolerance to Pb and wider environmental adaptability. There is feasibility of its application in remediation of heavy metal pollution.%[目的]筛选出高浓度铅耐受菌株,探明其生物学特性,为重金属污染环境的微生物修复提供理想菌株.[方法]采用选择性培养基从矿区重金属污染新鲜土中筛选耐铅菌株,并对其理化特性、耐受性及吸附铅能力等进行研究.[结果]筛选获得的菌株J3能在含铅量为1000 mg·L-1的培养基中正常生长,在pH 5.0~11.0、NaCl浓度1.5%~3.5%时生长良好;能在含有不同浓度四环素、红霉素、氯霉素、青霉素的环境下生长.随着培养基中初始铅浓度的增大,菌株对铅离子的吸附能力也随之增大,并在对数生长期吸附效果相对最佳.[结论]菌株J3对重金属铅有较强的耐受性和环境适应能力,将其用于实际修复具有一定的可行性.

  11. Novel Pathway of Salicylate Degradation by Streptomyces sp. Strain WA46

    OpenAIRE

    Ishiyama, Daisuke; Vujaklija, Dusica; Davies, Julian

    2004-01-01

    A novel salicylate-degrading Streptomyces sp., strain WA46, was identified by UV fluorescence on solid minimal medium containing salicylate; trace amounts of gentisate were detected by high-pressure liquid chromatography when strain WA46 was grown with salicylate. PCR amplification of WA46 DNA with degenerate primers for gentisate 1,2-dioxygenase (GDO) genes produced an amplicon of the expected size. Sequential PCR with nested GDO primers was then used to identify a salicylate degradation gen...

  12. Gigafida and slWaC: topic comparison

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Nataša Logar Berginc

    2013-05-01

    Full Text Available In the article, the following two issues are analyzed: (a incorporation of texts from the Internet into existing reference corpora and comparison with the existence of web corpora, and (b the latest two corpora of Slovenian language texts: the Gigafida corpus consisting mainly of printed texts and to a lesser extent also web texts, and the slWaC corpus which is entirely compiled from web texts. First, similarities and differences between the two corpora are identified using the topic modelling method, and then the same method is applied to the individual taxonomic categories of the Gigafida corpus. The first part of the analysis showed that the work of reference corpus compilers is currently still incoherent with regard to the incorporation of Internet texts into corpora which should reveal the overall picture of a certain language. In case compilers decide to incorporate web texts, the range of included genres is generally broad. The second part of the analysis showed a significant thematic variation between the Gigafida and slWaC corpora, and pointed out the most typical themes covered by each of the six Gigafida corpus parts.

  13. Synthesis and Biological Investigation of Δ(12)-Prostaglandin J3 (Δ(12)-PGJ3) Analogues and Related Compounds.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Nicolaou, K C; Pulukuri, Kiran Kumar; Rigol, Stephan; Heretsch, Philipp; Yu, Ruocheng; Grove, Charles I; Hale, Christopher R H; ElMarrouni, Abdelatif; Fetz, Verena; Brönstrup, Mark; Aujay, Monette; Sandoval, Joseph; Gavrilyuk, Julia

    2016-05-25

    A series of Δ(12)-prostaglandin J3 (Δ(12)-PGJ3) analogues and derivatives were synthesized employing an array of synthetic strategies developed specifically to render them readily available for biological investigations. The synthesized compounds were evaluated for their cytotoxicity against a number of cancer cell lines, revealing nanomolar potencies for a number of them against certain cancer cell lines. Four analogues (2, 11, 21, and 27) demonstrated inhibition of nuclear export through a covalent addition at Cys528 of the export receptor Crm1. One of these compounds (i.e., 11) is currently under evaluation as a potential drug candidate for the treatment of certain types of cancer. These studies culminated in useful and path-pointing structure-activity relationships (SARs) that provide guidance for further improvements in the biological/pharmacological profiles of compounds within this class.

  14. 77 FR 26699 - Safety Zone; Coast Guard Exercise, Hood Canal, WA

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-05-07

    ... the exercise to allow for a comment period. The safety zone created is short in duration, and vessels... SECURITY Coast Guard 33 CFR Part 165 RIN 1625-AA00 Safety Zone; Coast Guard Exercise, Hood Canal, WA AGENCY... safety zone around vessels involved in a Coast Guard Ready for Operations exercise in Hood Canal, WA...

  15. Contemporary "Hoisan-wa" Language Maintenance in Northern California: Evidence from Fourteen Frog Story Narratives

    Science.gov (United States)

    Leung, Genevieve

    2012-01-01

    This article explores uninvestigated issues in Cantonese and "Hoisan-wa" language maintenance from an ethnic Chinese diaspora point of view. Data come from a larger study looking at Frog Story narratives from 140 Cantonese-English bilingual children in California. Fourteen of these children were found to display uniquely "Hoisan-wa" phonology and…

  16. 78 FR 44593 - Notice of Inventory Completion: Washington State Parks and Recreation Commission, Olympia, WA

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-07-24

    ..., Olympia, WA AGENCY: National Park Service, Interior. ACTION: Notice. SUMMARY: The Washington State Parks..., 2013. ADDRESSES: Alicia Woods, Washington State Parks and Recreation Commission, PO Box 42650, Olympia... Washington State Parks and Recreation Commission, Olympia, WA, and in the physical custody of the...

  17. 75 FR 53572 - Safety Zone; Olympia Harbor Days Tug Boat Races, Budd Inlet, WA

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-09-01

    ... SECURITY Coast Guard 33 CFR Part 165 RIN 1625-AA00 Safety Zone; Olympia Harbor Days Tug Boat Races, Budd... establishing a temporary safety zone within the navigation channel in Budd Inlet, WA during Olympia Harbor Days... to restrict vessel traffic movement on specified waters of the Budd Inlet, WA during Olympia...

  18. 77 FR 43513 - Olympia Harbor Days Tug Boat Races, Budd Inlet, WA

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-07-25

    ... SECURITY Coast Guard 33 CFR Part 100 Olympia Harbor Days Tug Boat Races, Budd Inlet, WA AGENCY: Coast Guard... Local Regulation, Olympia Harbor Days Tug Boat Races, Budd Inlet, WA from 12 p.m. through 8 p.m. on... notice of enforcement of the Special Local Regulation for Olympia Harbor Days Tug Boat Races, Budd...

  19. 78 FR 44594 - Notice of Inventory Completion: Washington State Parks and Recreation Commission, Olympia, WA

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-07-24

    ..., Olympia, WA AGENCY: National Park Service, Interior. ACTION: Notice. SUMMARY: The Washington State Parks..., 2013. ADDRESSES: Alicia Woods, Washington State Parks and Recreation Commission, PO Box 42650, Olympia... Washington State Parks and Recreation Commission, Olympia, WA. The human remains were removed from Birch...

  20. 76 FR 73666 - Notice of Inventory Completion: Paul H. Karshner Memorial Museum, Puyallup, WA

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-11-29

    ... National Park Service Notice of Inventory Completion: Paul H. Karshner Memorial Museum, Puyallup, WA AGENCY: National Park Service, Interior. ACTION: Notice. SUMMARY: The Paul H. Karshner Memorial Museum has... contact the Paul H. Karshner Memorial Museum, Puyallup, WA. Disposition of the human remains to the...

  1. 75 FR 14463 - Notice of Inventory Completion: University of Washington, Department of Anthropology, Seattle, WA

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-03-25

    ... National Park Service Notice of Inventory Completion: University of Washington, Department of Anthropology... Anthropology, Seattle, WA. The human remains were removed from Huckleberry Island, Skagit County, WA. This... assessment of the human remains was made by the University of Washington, Department of Anthropology...

  2. 78 FR 20852 - Safety Zones; Marine Week Air Ground Demonstration, Lake Washington; Seattle, WA

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-04-08

    ... Seattle Special Marine Air Ground Task Force Demonstration on Lake Washington, Seattle, WA. This event... on Lake Washington, Seattle, WA. The safety zone will help ensure the safety of the maritime public... Ground Task Force Demonstration Area: All waters of Lake Washington encompassed by the following...

  3. 78 FR 26249 - Drawbridge Operation Regulation; Lake Washington Ship Canal, Seattle, WA

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-05-06

    ... SECURITY Coast Guard 33 CFR Part 117 Drawbridge Operation Regulation; Lake Washington Ship Canal, Seattle... Bridge across the Lake Washington Ship Canal, mile 5.2, at Seattle, WA, and the University Bridge across the Lake Washington Ship Canal, mile 4.3, at Seattle, WA. This deviation is necessary to...

  4. ALMA observations of the vibrationally excited rotational CO transitionv= 1,J= 3 - 2 towards five AGB stars

    Science.gov (United States)

    Khouri, T.; Vlemmings, W. H. T.; Ramstedt, S.; Lombaert, R.; Maercker, M.; De Beck, E.

    2016-11-01

    We report the serendipitous detection with ALMA of the vibrationally-excited pure-rotational CO transition $v=1, J=3-2$ towards five asymptotic giant branch (AGB) stars, $o$ Cet, R Aqr, R Scl, W Aql, and $\\pi^1$ Gru. The observed lines are formed in the poorly-understood region located between the stellar surface and the region where the wind starts, the so-called warm molecular layer. We successfully reproduce the observed lines profiles using a simple model. We constrain the extents, densities, and kinematics of the region where the lines are produced. R Aqr and R Scl show inverse P-Cygni line profiles which indicate infall of material onto the stars. The line profiles of $o$ Cet and R Scl show variability. The serendipitous detection towards these five sources shows that vibrationally-excited rotational lines can be observed towards a large number of nearby AGB stars using ALMA. This opens a new possibility for the study of the innermost regions of AGB circumstellar envelopes.

  5. ALMA observations of the vibrationally-excited rotational CO transition $v=1, J=3-2$ towards five AGB stars

    CERN Document Server

    Khouri, T; Ramstedt, S; Lombaert, R; Maercker, M; De Beck, E

    2016-01-01

    We report the serendipitous detection with ALMA of the vibrationally-excited pure-rotational CO transition $v=1, J=3-2$ towards five asymptotic giant branch (AGB) stars, $o$ Cet, R Aqr, R Scl, W Aql, and $\\pi^1$ Gru. The observed lines are formed in the poorly-understood region located between the stellar surface and the region where the wind starts, the so-called warm molecular layer. We successfully reproduce the observed lines profiles using a simple model. We constrain the extents, densities, and kinematics of the region where the lines are produced. R Aqr and R Scl show inverse P-Cygni line profiles which indicate infall of material onto the stars. The line profiles of $o$ Cet and R Scl show variability. The serendipitous detection towards these five sources shows that vibrationally-excited rotational lines can be observed towards a large number of nearby AGB stars using ALMA. This opens a new possibility for the study of the innermost regions of AGB circumstellar envelopes.

  6. ALMA HCN and HCO+ J=3-2 observations of optical Seyfert and luminous infrared galaxies -- Confirmation of elevated HCN-to-HCO+ flux ratios in AGNs --

    CERN Document Server

    Imanishi, Masatoshi; Izumi, Takuma

    2016-01-01

    We present the results of our ALMA observations of three AGN-dominated nuclei in optical Seyfert 1 galaxies (NGC 7469, I Zw 1, and IC 4329 A) and eleven luminous infrared galaxies (LIRGs) with various levels of infrared estimated energetic contributions by AGNs at the HCN and HCO+ J=3-2 emission lines. The HCN and HCO+ J=3-2 emission lines are clearly detected at the main nuclei of all sources, except for IC 4329 A. The vibrationally excited (v2=1f) HCN J=3-2 and HCO+ J=3-2 emission lines are simultaneously covered, and HCN v2=1f J=3-2 emission line signatures are seen in the main nuclei of two LIRGs, IRAS 12112+0305 and IRAS 22491-1808, neither of which show clear buried AGN signatures in the infrared. If the vibrational excitation is dominated by infrared radiative pumping, through the absorption of infrared 14 um photons, primarily originating from AGN-heated hot dust emission, then these two LIRGs may contain infrared-elusive, but (sub)millimeter-detectable, extremely deeply buried AGNs. These vibrational...

  7. WaVPeak: Picking NMR peaks through wavelet-based smoothing and volume-based filtering

    KAUST Repository

    Liu, Zhi

    2012-02-10

    Motivation: Nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR) has been widely used as a powerful tool to determine the 3D structures of proteins in vivo. However, the post-spectra processing stage of NMR structure determination usually involves a tremendous amount of time and expert knowledge, which includes peak picking, chemical shift assignment and structure calculation steps. Detecting accurate peaks from the NMR spectra is a prerequisite for all following steps, and thus remains a key problem in automatic NMR structure determination. Results: We introduce WaVPeak, a fully automatic peak detection method. WaVPeak first smoothes the given NMR spectrum by wavelets. The peaks are then identified as the local maxima. The false positive peaks are filtered out efficiently by considering the volume of the peaks. WaVPeak has two major advantages over the state-of-the-art peak-picking methods. First, through wavelet-based smoothing, WaVPeak does not eliminate any data point in the spectra. Therefore, WaVPeak is able to detect weak peaks that are embedded in the noise level. NMR spectroscopists need the most help isolating these weak peaks. Second, WaVPeak estimates the volume of the peaks to filter the false positives. This is more reliable than intensity-based filters that are widely used in existing methods. We evaluate the performance of WaVPeak on the benchmark set proposed by PICKY (Alipanahi et al., 2009), one of the most accurate methods in the literature. The dataset comprises 32 2D and 3D spectra from eight different proteins. Experimental results demonstrate that WaVPeak achieves an average of 96%, 91%, 88%, 76% and 85% recall on 15N-HSQC, HNCO, HNCA, HNCACB and CBCA(CO)NH, respectively. When the same number of peaks are considered, WaVPeak significantly outperforms PICKY. The Author(s) 2012. Published by Oxford University Press.

  8. Data of evolutionary structure change: 1F3WA-3G2GD [Confc[Archive

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available 1F3WA-3G2GD 1F3W 3G2G A D IQTQQLHAAMADTFLEHMCRLDIDSAPITARNTGIICTI...ISKIENHEGVRRFDEILEASDGIMVARGDLGIEIPAEKVFLAQKMIIGRCNRAGKPVICATQMLESMIKKPRPTRAEGSDVANAVLDGADCIMLSGETAKGD...HQTARQAHLYRGIFPVVCKDPVQEAWAEDVDLRVNLAMNVGKARGFFKKGDVVIVLTGWRPGSGFTNTMRVVPVP -QTQQLHAAMADTFLEHMC...VSEKDIQDLKFGVEQDVDMVFASFIRKASDVHEVRKVLGEKGKNIKIISKIENHEGVRRFDEILEASDGIMVARGDLGIEIPAEKVFLAQKMMIGRCNRAGKPVICAT...QMLESMIKKPRPTRAEGSDVANAVLDGADCIMLSGETAKGDYPLEAVRMQHLIAREAEAAIYHLQLFEELRRLAPITSDPT

  9. 76 FR 34867 - Safety Zone Regulations, Seafair Blue Angels Air Show Performance, Seattle, WA

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-06-15

    ... Guard will enforce the annual Seafair Blue Angels Air Show safety zone on Lake Washington, Seattle, WA... as a safety zone: All waters of Lake Washington, Washington State, enclosed by the following...

  10. 78 FR 39594 - Safety Zone; Seafair Blue Angels Air Show Performance, Seattle, WA

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-07-02

    ... enforce the annual Seafair Blue Angels Air Show safety zone on Lake Washington, Seattle, WA from 9 a.m. on... waters of Lake Washington, Washington State, enclosed by the following points: Near the termination...

  11. Growth, movement and survival - Recolonization of the Cedar River, WA by Pacific salmon

    Data.gov (United States)

    National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, Department of Commerce — The objective of this study is to quantify population, community, and ecosystem level changes as a result of salmon recolonization of the Cedar River, WA above...

  12. Experimental streams - Recolonization of the Cedar River, WA by Pacific salmon

    Data.gov (United States)

    National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, Department of Commerce — The objective of this study is to quantify population, community, and ecosystem level changes as a result of salmon recolonization of the Cedar River, WA above...

  13. Fish abundance, composition, distribution - Recolonization of the Cedar River, WA by Pacific salmon

    Data.gov (United States)

    National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, Department of Commerce — The objective of this study is to quantify population, community, and ecosystem level changes as a result of salmon recolonization of the Cedar River, WA above...

  14. $J$ functions for the process ud$\\to$WA

    CERN Document Server

    Bardin, D; Uglov, E; von Schlippe, W

    2014-01-01

    In this paper we present a description of the universal approach for analytic calculations for a certain class of $J$ functions for six topologies of the boxes for process $ud\\rightarrow WA$. These functions $J$ arise at the reduction of infrared divergent box diagrams. The standard Passarino--Veltman reduction of four-point box diagram with an internal photon line connecting two external lines on the mass shell leads to infrared-divergent and mass-singular $D_0$ functions. In the system SANC a systematic procedure is adopted to separate both types of singularities into the simplest objects, namely $C_0$ functions. % The infrared divergences of $C_0$'s can be regularized then by any method: %photon mass, dimensionally or by the width of an unstable particle. The functions $J$, in turn, are represented as certain linear combinations of the standard $D_0$ and $C_0$ functions. The former are free of both types of singularities and are expressed as explicit and compact linear combinations of dilogarithm functions...

  15. JENDL-3.2に基づく高速炉用炉定数JFS-3-J3.2Rの作成

    OpenAIRE

    千葉 豪; 沼田 一幸

    2002-01-01

    最新の評価済み核データライブラリJENDL-3.2に基づく高速炉用炉定数セットJFS-3-J3.2において、作成時の重みスペクトルに誤りがあったことが明らかとなっている。この誤りが核特性へ与える影響が大きいことから、誤りを訂正した炉定数セットJFS-3-J3.2Rを作成した。また、ランプ化FP断面積の整備も併せて行った。JFS-3-J3.2Rを使用することにより、ドップラー反応度、ブランケット領域における反応率などの核特性予測精度がJFS-3-J3.2使用時に比べて向上する。...

  16. The James Clerk Maxwell Telescope Nearby Galaxies Legacy Survey IX: $^{12}$CO $J=3\\to2$ Observations of NGC 2976 and NGC 3351

    CERN Document Server

    Tan, Boon-Kok; Rigopoulou, D; Warren, B E; Wilson, C D; Attewell, D; Azimlu, M; Bendo, G J; Butner, H M; Brinks, E; Chanial, P; Clements, D L; Heesen, V; Israel, F; Knapen, J H; Matthews, H E; Mortier, A M J; Mühle,; Sánchez-Gallego, J R; Tilanus, R P J; Usero, A; van der Werf, P; Zhu, M

    2013-01-01

    We present $^{12}$CO \\textit{J=3$\\rightarrow$2} maps of NGC 2976 and NGC 3351 obtained with the James Clerk Maxwell Telescope (JCMT), both early targets of the JCMT Nearby Galaxy Legacy Survey (NGLS). We combine the present observations with $^{12}$CO \\textit{J=1$\\rightarrow$0} data and find that the computed $^{12}$CO \\textit{J=3$\\rightarrow$2} to $^{12}$CO \\textit{J=1$\\rightarrow$0} line ratio ($R_{31}$) agrees with values measured in other NGLS field galaxies. We compute the M$_{\\rm{H_2}}$ value and find that it is robust against the value of $R_{31}$ used. Using \\textsc{Hi} data from the The \\textsc{Hi} Nearby Galaxy Survey (THINGS) survey, we find a tight correlation between surface density of H$_2$ and star formation rate density for NGC 3351 when $^{12}$CO \\textit{J=3$\\rightarrow$2} data are used. Finally, we compare the $^{12}$CO \\textit{J=3$\\rightarrow$2} intensity with the PAH 8 $\\mu$m surface brightness and find a good correlation in the high surface brightness regions. We extend this study to incl...

  17. Coral-Derived Compound WA-25 Inhibits Angiogenesis by Attenuating the VEGF/VEGFR2 Signaling Pathway

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Shih-Wei Lin

    2015-02-01

    Full Text Available Background: WA-25 (dihydroaustrasulfone alcohol, a synthetic derivative of marine compound WE-2 suppresses atherosclerosis in rats by reducing neointima formation. Because angiogenesis plays a critical role in the pathogenesis of atherosclerosis, the present study investigated the angiogenic function and mechanism of WA-25. Methods: The angiogenic effect of WA-25 was evaluated using a rat aortic ring assay and transgenic zebrafish models were established using transgenic Tg(fli-1:EGFPy1 and Tg(kdrl:mCherryci5-fli1a:negfpy7 zebrafish embryos. In addition, the effect of WA-25 on distinct angiogenic processes, including matrix metalloproteinase (MMP expression, endothelial cell proliferation and migration, as well as tube formation, was studied using human umbilical vein endothelial cells (HUVECs. The effect of WA-25 on the endothelial vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF signaling pathway was elucidated using qRT-PCR, immunoblot analysis, immunofluorescence and flow cytometric analyses. Results: The application of WA-25 perturbed the development of intersegmental vessels in transgenic zebrafish. Moreover, WA-25 potently suppressed microvessel sprouting in organotypic rat aortic rings. Among cultured endothelial cells, WA-25 significantly and dose-dependently inhibited MMP-2/MMP-9 expression, proliferation, migration and tube formation in HUVECs. Mechanistic studies revealed that WA-25 significantly reduced the VEGF release by reducing VEGF expression at the mRNA and protein levels. In addition, WA-25 reduced surface VEGF receptor 2 (VEGFR2/Flk-1 expression by repressing the VEGFR2 mRNA level. Finally, an exogenous VEGF supply partially rescued the WA-25-induced angiogenesis blockage in vitro and in vivo. Conclusions: WA-25 is a potent angiogenesis inhibitor that acts through the down-regulation of VEGF and VEGFR2 in endothelial cells. General Significance: WA-25 may constitute a novel anti-angiogenic drug that acts by targeting endothelial

  18. Strong decays of χ{sub cJ}(2P) and χ{sub cJ}(3P)

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Wang, Hui; Ping, Jialun [Nanjing Normal University and Jiangsu Key Laboratory for Numerical Simulation of Large Scale Complex Systems, Department of Physics, Nanjing (China); Yang, Youchang [Zunyi Normal College, Department of Physics, Zunyi (China)

    2014-04-15

    In the framework of the chiral quark model, the mass spectrum of χ{sub cJ}(J = 0, 1, 2, n = 1, 2, 3) is studied with the Gaussian expansion method. Using the wave functions obtained in the study of mass spectrum, the open charm two-body strong decay widths of these states are calculated by using the {sup 3}P{sub 0} model. The results show that the masses of χ{sub cJ}(1P) and χ{sub c2}(2P) are consistent with the experimental data. But the strong decay width of χ{sub c2}(2P) is three times that of the experimental value. The decay width of χ{sub c1}(2P) is sensitive to its mass. In the quark-antiquark picture, the width is about 385 MeV. However, if the channel coupling effects shift its mass to 3872 MeV, its decay width will be around 1 MeV. The possibility of assigning the state X(3872) as χ{sub c1}(2P) cannot be excluded. To assign X(3915) as χ{sub c0}(2P) is disfavored, due to the unmatching of decay channel. For the χ{sub cJ}(3P) states, no states have been assigned. The possible candidates of χ{sub c0}(3P) are X(4160) and X(4140). Their masses are close to the theoretical ones. The experimental branching ratio of X(4160), Γ (X(4160) → D anti D)/Γ (X(4160) → D* anti D*) < 0.09 is compatible with that of χ{sub c0}(3P), 0.07. However the broad decay width of X(4160) cannot be explained by the open charm two-body decay. To assign X(4140) as χ{sub c0}(3P) is also possible, due to the compatibility of the total decay width, the further measurement of decay modes of X(4140) are expected to justify the assignment. (orig.)

  19. A Structural Analysis of the Lewiston Basin, Clarkston, WA

    Science.gov (United States)

    Alloway, M.; Watkinson, A.; Reidel, S. P.

    2010-12-01

    dies out or becomes blind before reaching the ID-WA border and the conspicuous change in attitude from the north side of the river to the south is accommodated by an abrupt fold hinge beneath the river. Three-dimensional representation of how the structure varies along its trend, not to scale. A-A' crosses the location where the Snake River changes direction from E-W to S-N. G-G' was modified from Garwood and Bush (2005) and is outside of the field area.

  20. Entre lapas: primera valoración de los restos de origen marino del yacimiento holoceno de J3 (Hondarribia, País Vasco

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    ÁLVAREZ-FERNÁNDEZ, E., IRIARTE-CHIAPUSSO, M.J., ARRIZABALAGA, A., BARRERA-MELLADO, I., CARRIOL, R.P. ...

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available Uno de los yacimientos prehistóricos más importantes documentados en la Sierra de Jaizkibel es J3. Situado a tan solo 200 m de la costa, en este abrigo se han excavado diferentes niveles arqueológicos datados a comienzos del Holoceno (Mesolítico. En los niveles B, C, D y F se documentaron enormes acumulaciones de conchas, lo que hace que el yacimiento sea considerado como un “conchero” estratificado. Calculamos que, en el sondeo realizado (ca. 1,5 m2, el número de restos podría alcanzar el medio millón. En este artículo presentamos los primeros datos sobre la explotación de recursos marinos procedentes de J3. Se ha estudiado una muestra del yacimiento. En los cuatro niveles la composición arqueofaunística es similar. Los restos más abundantes son las conchas de gasterópodos (casi exclusivamente lapas, Phorcus lineatus. También hay evidencias de crustáceos (placas de percebes y de balanos, de equinodermos (erizos y de peces (espáridos. La presencia de estos restos arqueofaunísticos en J3 indica que los grupos humanos marisqueaban diferentes animales marinos en la zona intermareal cercana al yacimiento.

  1. 77 FR 21868 - Safety Zone; Marina Salvage, Bellingham Bay, Bellingham, WA

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-04-12

    ... SECURITY Coast Guard 33 CFR Part 165 RIN 1625-AA00 Safety Zone; Marina Salvage, Bellingham Bay, Bellingham... safety zone in and around the Squalicum Harbor Marina, located in Bellingham, WA. This action is... by a marina fire, which produced sunken vessels, and requires emergency salvage operations. Under 5...

  2. Yearly progress report on WA105/ProtoDUNE dual phase (2016)

    CERN Document Server

    Balik, G

    2016-01-01

    WA105 aims at fully demonstrating the concept of a very large dual phase LAr TPC and calibrating it with a charged particles test beam. In this document we report the status of the construction and the general progress of the experiment.

  3. 76 FR 30825 - Special Local Regulation; Olympia Harbor Days Tug Boat Races, Budd Inlet, WA

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-05-27

    ... the Federal Register (76 FR 006). We did not receive any comments on the proposed rule. We did not... SECURITY Coast Guard 33 CFR Part 100 RIN 1625-AA08 Special Local Regulation; Olympia Harbor Days Tug Boat... and an area extending north of the channel in Budd Inlet, WA during the annual Olympia Harbor Days...

  4. Data of evolutionary structure change: 1CTMA-1E2WA [Confc[Archive

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available 1CTMA-1E2WA 1CTM 1E2W A A YPIFAQQNYENPREATGRIVCANCHLASKPVDIEVPQAV...index> 1CTM A 1CTM...A ILRKE--KGGYE ure>EEEE -- EEEure> ITALSEKKGGFE ure>EE EEEure> IEKAN-GEVVV ure>EEE - EEEEure> <

  5. 76 FR 73664 - Notice of Inventory Completion: Washington State University, Museum of Anthropology, Pullman, WA

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-11-29

    ... National Park Service Notice of Inventory Completion: Washington State University, Museum of Anthropology... University, Museum of Anthropology (WSU) has completed an inventory of human remains and associated funerary... Collins, Director, Washington State University, Museum of Anthropology, Pullman, WA 99164-4910,...

  6. 75 FR 41883 - Notice of Inventory Completion: Museum of Anthropology, Washington State University Pullman, WA

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-19

    ... National Park Service Notice of Inventory Completion: Museum of Anthropology, Washington State University... and control of the Museum of Anthropology, Washington State University, Pullman, WA. The human remains... in this notice. A detailed assessment of the human remains was made by Museum of...

  7. 76 FR 28076 - Notice of Inventory Completion: Museum of Anthropology, Washington State University, Pullman, WA...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-05-13

    ... FR 41883- 41884, July 19, 2010). After repatriation and reburial, a re-evaluation of inventory... National Park Service Notice of Inventory Completion: Museum of Anthropology, Washington State University... were in possession of the Museum of Anthropology at Washington State University, Pullman, WA. The...

  8. Gigabit Access Passive Optical Network Using Wavelength Division Multiplexing—GigaWaM

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Iglesias Olmedo, Miguel; Suhr, Lau; Prince, Kamau;

    2014-01-01

    This paper summarizes the research and technical achievements done under the EU project GigaWaM. The goal of this project was to develop a cost-effective solution that can meet the increasing bandwidth demands in access networks. The approach was to use a novel wavelength division multiplexing...

  9. Lech Wałęsa - kangelane või reetur? / Zygmunt Dzieciolowski ; intervjueerinud Taavi Minnik

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Dzieciolowski, Zygmunt

    2016-01-01

    Intervjuu Poola politoloogi ja ajakirjaniku Zygmunt Dzieciolowskiga Solidaarsuse liikumise juhi Lech Wałęsa elu tumedatest varjudest, käimasolevast skandaalist seoses tema sidemetega kommunistliku režiimi salapolitsei SBga ning kohast Poola ühiskonnas ja ajaloos

  10. 75 FR 2582 - YCR Corporation-Modified Rail Certificate-in Yakima County, WA

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-15

    ... Commerce Commission (ICC), in Washington Central Railroad Company, Inc.--Abandonment Exemption--in Yakima County, WA, Docket No. AB-326X (ICC served Aug. 24, 1992). Although authorized for abandonment, the line... Offer of Financial Assistance, Docket No. AB-326X (ICC served March 18, 1993) and, according to...

  11. Association of vWA and TPOX Polymorphisms with Venous Thrombosis in Mexican Mestizos

    Science.gov (United States)

    Meraz-Ríos, Marco Antonio; Majluf-Cruz, Abraham; Santana, Carla; Noris, Gino; Camacho-Mejorado, Rafael; Acosta-Saavedra, Leonor C.; Calderón-Aranda, Emma S.; Hernández-Juárez, Jesús; Magaña, Jonathan J.; Gómez, Rocío

    2014-01-01

    Objective. Venous thromboembolism (VTE) is a multifactorial disorder and, worldwide, the most important cause of morbidity and mortality. Genetic factors play a critical role in its aetiology. Microsatellites are the most important source of human genetic variation having more phenotypic effect than many single nucleotide polymorphisms. Hence, we evaluate a possible relationship between VTE and the genetic variants in von Willebrand factor, human alpha fibrinogen, and human thyroid peroxidase microsatellites to identify possible diagnostic markers. Methods. Genotypes were obtained from 177 patients with VTE and 531 nonrelated individuals using validated genotyping methods. The allelic frequencies were compared; Bayesian methods were used to correct population stratification to avoid spurious associations. Results. The vWA-18, TPOX-9, and TPOX-12 alleles were significantly associated with VTE. Moreover, subjects bearing the combination vWA-18/TPOX-12 loci exhibited doubled risk for VTE (95% CI = 1.02–3.64), whereas the combination vWA-18/TPOX-9 showed an OR = 10 (95% CI = 4.93–21.49). Conclusions. The vWA and TPOX microsatellites are good candidate biomarkers in venous thromboembolism diseases and could help to elucidate their origins. Additionally, these polymorphisms could become useful markers for genetic studies of VTE in the Mexican population; however, further studies should be done owing that this data only show preliminary evidence. PMID:25250329

  12. 78 FR 78379 - Notice of Inventory Completion: Museum of Anthropology at Washington State University, Pullman, WA

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-12-26

    ... National Park Service Notice of Inventory Completion: Museum of Anthropology at Washington State University, Pullman, WA AGENCY: National Park Service, Interior. ACTION: Notice. SUMMARY: The Museum of Anthropology... the Museum of Anthropology at Washington State University. If no additional requestors come...

  13. 76 FR 28073 - Notice of Inventory Completion: Museum of Anthropology at Washington State University, Pullman, WA

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-05-13

    ... National Park Service Notice of Inventory Completion: Museum of Anthropology at Washington State University... the Museum of Anthropology at Washington State University, Pullman, WA. The human remains and... made by the Museum of Anthropology at Washington State University professional staff in...

  14. 75 FR 61609 - Establishment and Modification of Class E Airspace; Deer Park, WA

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-06

    ... controlled airspace at Deer Park, WA (75 FR 41774). Interested parties were invited to participate in this...'' under DOT Regulatory Policies and Procedures (44 FR 11034; February 26, 1979); and (3) does not warrant... follows: Authority: 49 U.S.C. 106(g), 40103, 40113, 40120; E.O. 10854, 24 FR 9565, 3 CFR, 1959-1963...

  15. 75 FR 41774 - Proposed Establishment and Modification of Class E Airspace; Deer Park, WA

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-19

    ... Executive Order 12866; (2) is not a ``significant rule'' under DOT Regulatory Policies and Procedures (44 FR... continues to read as follows: Authority: 49 U.S.C. 106(g), 40103, 40113, 40120; E.O. 10854, 24 FR 9565, 3...; Deer Park, WA AGENCY: Federal Aviation Administration (FAA), DOT. ACTION: Notice of proposed...

  16. 78 FR 40819 - Washington Disaster # WA-00038 Declaration of Economic Injury

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-07-08

    ... ADMINISTRATION Washington Disaster WA-00038 Declaration of Economic Injury AGENCY: U.S. Small Business Administration. ACTION: Notice. SUMMARY: This is a notice of an Economic Injury Disaster Loan (EIDL) declaration...'s EIDL declaration, applications for economic injury disaster loans may be filed at the...

  17. 78 FR 12598 - Safety Zone; Seafair Blue Angels Air Show Performance, Seattle, WA

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-02-25

    ... Seafair Blue Angels Air Show Performance safety zone on the waters of Lake Washington, Seattle, WA. This....1319 encompasses ``all waters of Lake Washington, Washington State, enclosed by the following points...: All waters of Lake Washington encompassed by the following points: 47 36'17.28'' N, 122 14'49.44''...

  18. 77 FR 25590 - Drawbridge Operation Regulation; Lake Washington Ship Canal, Seattle, WA

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-05-01

    ... SECURITY Coast Guard 33 CFR Part 117 Drawbridge Operation Regulation; Lake Washington Ship Canal, Seattle... across the Lake Washington Ship Canal, mile 4.3, at Seattle, WA. This deviation is necessary to... crosses the Lake Washington Ship Canal at mile 4.3 and while in the closed position provides 30 feet...

  19. 78 FR 45056 - Drawbridge Operation Regulation; Lake Washington Ship Canal, Seattle, WA

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-07-26

    ... SECURITY Coast Guard 33 CFR Part 117 Drawbridge Operation Regulation; Lake Washington Ship Canal, Seattle... Bridge across the Lake Washington Ship Canal, mile 5.2, at Seattle, WA. The deviation is necessary to... pre-game and post game football traffic. The Montlake Bridge crosses the Lake Washington Ship Canal...

  20. 77 FR 25079 - Drawbridge Operation Regulation; Lake Washington Ship Canal, Seattle, WA

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-04-27

    ... SECURITY Coast Guard 33 CFR Part 117 Drawbridge Operation Regulation; Lake Washington Ship Canal, Seattle... Bridge across the Lake Washington Ship Canal, mile 5.2, at Seattle, WA. This deviation is necessary to... Bridge crosses the Lake Washington Ship Canal at mile 5.2 and while in the closed position provides...

  1. 75 FR 23589 - Safety Zone Regulations, Seafair Blue Angels Air Show Performance, Seattle, WA

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-05-04

    ... Guard will enforce a safety zone on Lake Washington, WA for the annual Seafair Blue Angels Air Show from... establish a safety zone on the waters of Lake Washington for the annual Seafair Blue Angels Air Show... area is designated as a safety zone: All waters of Lake Washington, Washington State, enclosed by...

  2. 77 FR 33307 - Drawbridge Operation Regulation; Lake Washington Ship Canal, Seattle, WA

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-06-06

    ... SECURITY Coast Guard 33 CFR Part 117 Drawbridge Operation Regulation; Lake Washington Ship Canal, Seattle... Bridge across the Lake Washington Ship Canal, mile 5.2, at Seattle, WA. This deviation is necessary to.... The Montlake Bridge crosses the Lake Washington Ship Canal at mile 5.2 and while in the...

  3. 78 FR 39591 - Drawbridge Operation Regulation; Lake Washington Ship Canal at Seattle, WA

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-07-02

    ... SECURITY Coast Guard 33 CFR Part 117 Drawbridge Operation Regulation; Lake Washington Ship Canal at Seattle... the University Bridge, mile 4.3, all crossing the Lake Washington Ship Canal at Seattle, WA. The... elevation of Lake Washington. The current operating schedule for all three bridges is set out in 33 CFR...

  4. 77 FR 44470 - Safety Zone; Seafair Blue Angels Air Show Performance, Seattle, WA

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-07-30

    ... establishing a safety zone on the waters of Lake Washington, Seattle, WA. This action is necessary to safeguard... military aircraft. The regulation contained in 33 CFR 165.1319 encompasses `` ll waters of Lake Washington...: the owners or operators of vessels intending to transit this portion of Lake Washington during...

  5. 78 FR 40960 - Drawbridge Operation Regulation; Lake Washington Ship Canal at Seattle, WA

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-07-09

    ... SECURITY Coast Guard 33 CFR Part 117 Drawbridge Operation Regulation; Lake Washington Ship Canal at Seattle....3, all crossing the Lake Washington Ship Canal at Seattle, WA. The deviation is necessary to... 2.6, and the University Bridge, mile 4.3, all crossing the Lake Washington Ship Canal at Seattle,...

  6. 78 FR 55214 - Drawbridge Operation Regulation; Lake Washington Ship Canal, Seattle, WA

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-09-10

    ... SECURITY Coast Guard 33 CFR Part 117 Drawbridge Operation Regulation; Lake Washington Ship Canal, Seattle... Northern Santa Fe (BNSF) Railway Bridge across the Lake Washington Ship Canal, mile 0.1, at Seattle, WA.... Chittenden lock immediately upstream or inland of the bridge on the Lake Washington Ship Canal. This...

  7. 77 FR 35862 - Safety Zone; Fleet Week Maritime Festival, Pier 66 Elliott Bay, Seattle, WA

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-06-15

    ... SECURITY Coast Guard 33 CFR Part 165 Safety Zone; Fleet Week Maritime Festival, Pier 66 Elliott Bay... Guard will enforce the Fleet Week Maritime Festival's Pier 66 Safety Zone in Elliott Bay, WA from 8 a.m... Guard will enforce the Safety Zone for the Fleet Week Maritime Festival in 33 CFR 165.1330 on August...

  8. 76 FR 30014 - Safety Zone; Fleet Week Maritime Festival, Pier 66, Elliott Bay, Seattle, WA

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-05-24

    ..., Seattle, WA'' in the Federal Register (75 FR 037). We received 72 comments on the proposed rule. We made... rulemaking (SNPRM) with the same title in the Federal Register (75 FR 226). We received 110 comments on the... SECURITY Coast Guard 33 CFR Part 165 RIN 1625-AA00 Safety Zone; Fleet Week Maritime Festival, Pier...

  9. CONTROL: the run control program used on the WA62 VAX data acquisition system at CERN

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The criteria are described which have been used in the design of CONTROL, a program in the WA62 VAX Native mode data acquisition system which serves the triple purpose of driving a status display, an operator's console and a message reporter. (U.K.)

  10. 78 FR 50094 - Notice of Inventory Completion: Maxey Museum, Walla Walla, WA

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-08-16

    ... National Park Service Notice of Inventory Completion: Maxey Museum, Walla Walla, WA AGENCY: National Park Service, Interior. ACTION: Notice. SUMMARY: The Maxey Museum has completed an inventory of human remains... remains should submit a written request to the Maxey Museum. If no additional requestors come...

  11. Data of evolutionary structure change: 1B5WA-2G4NF [Confc[Archive

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available 1B5WA-2G4NF 1B5W 2G4N A F KVFERCELARTLKRLGMDGYRGISLANWMCLAKWESGYN...G HHHH -GGGG -- EVID>EVID> 0 2G4N F 2G4NF ELKDL...18 2.079693078994751 4.073005199432373 EVID>...EVID> 1 2G4N F 2G4NF

  12. 75 FR 57167 - Safety Zone; CLS Fall Championship Hydroplane Race, Lake Sammamish, WA

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-09-20

    ... establishing a temporary safety zone on the waters of Lake Sammamish, WA for the Composite Laminate Specialties... standards (e.g., specifications of materials, performance, design, or operation; test methods; sampling.... Add Sec. 165.T13-162 to read as follows: Sec. 165.T13-162 Safety Zone; Composite Laminate...

  13. The Utility of the Lambert Function W[a exp(a - bt)] in Chemical Kinetics

    Science.gov (United States)

    Williams, Brian Wesley

    2010-01-01

    The mathematical Lambert function W[a exp(a - bt)] is used to find integrated rate laws for several examples, including simple enzyme and Lindemann-Christiansen-Hinshelwood (LCH) unimolecular decay kinetics. The results derived here for the well-known LCH mechanism as well as for a dimer-monomer reaction mechanism appear to be novel. A nonlinear…

  14. Water Accounting Plus (WA+) - a water accounting procedure for complex river basins based on satellite measurements

    Science.gov (United States)

    Karimi, P.; Bastiaanssen, W. G. M.; Molden, D.

    2013-07-01

    Coping with water scarcity and growing competition for water among different sectors requires proper water management strategies and decision processes. A pre-requisite is a clear understanding of the basin hydrological processes, manageable and unmanageable water flows, the interaction with land use and opportunities to mitigate the negative effects and increase the benefits of water depletion on society. Currently, water professionals do not have a common framework that links depletion to user groups of water and their benefits. The absence of a standard hydrological and water management summary is causing confusion and wrong decisions. The non-availability of water flow data is one of the underpinning reasons for not having operational water accounting systems for river basins in place. In this paper, we introduce Water Accounting Plus (WA+), which is a new framework designed to provide explicit spatial information on water depletion and net withdrawal processes in complex river basins. The influence of land use and landscape evapotranspiration on the water cycle is described explicitly by defining land use groups with common characteristics. WA+ presents four sheets including (i) a resource base sheet, (ii) an evapotranspiration sheet, (iii) a productivity sheet, and (iv) a withdrawal sheet. Every sheet encompasses a set of indicators that summarise the overall water resources situation. The impact of external (e.g., climate change) and internal influences (e.g., infrastructure building) can be estimated by studying the changes in these WA+ indicators. Satellite measurements can be used to acquire a vast amount of required data but is not a precondition for implementing WA+ framework. Data from hydrological models and water allocation models can also be used as inputs to WA+.

  15. Peculiarities occurrence and microstrip gas chambers studied through experiment WA97; La production d`etrangete et les chambres gazeuses a micropistes dans le cadre de l`experience WA97

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Kachelhoffer, T.

    1995-04-01

    This paper presents the studies on development of a Monte-Carlo type generator used for inclusive production of odd baryons and antibaryons through proton- proton and proton- nucleus collisions. Experiment WA97 consisted in designing simulation software for MSGCs (Micro-strips Gas Chambers) as well as the redefining of particle paths with the help of these chambers. This work made it possible to design the MSGC detector for experiment WA97. (TEC). 71 refs., 88 figs.

  16. Growing up the Religious Potential from Religious Community of Qadiriyah wa Naqsyabandiyah Dawe Kudus

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Danusiri Danusiri

    2012-06-01

    Full Text Available This research focused on the congregation of the Qadiriyah wa Naqsyabandiyah in Piji, Dawe, Kudus, particularly on how they make any effort to make their potentials of religious observance can maximally grow. In order to find out their efforts, the writer applied participatory observation and was involved in their daily lives. The data were then organized in certain way according to the theme previously deter- mined. In order to achieve the maximum of religious observance which they call as wuṣūl dan wilāyah, the congregation of Qadiriyah wa Naqsyabandiyah use a series of rituals namely baiat (allegiance, zikir (remembrance, khataman ratib (complet- ing ratib, muraqabah, khalwat (seclusion, fida’, manaqib, and performing pilgrim- age to the grave of wali (muslim saints.

  17. 77 FR 56611 - Foreign-Trade Zone 216-Olympia, WA; Authorization of Production Activity; Callisons, Inc. (Mint...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-09-13

    ...), including notice in the Federal Register inviting public comment (77 FR 28568, 5-15-2012). The FTZ Board has...; Callisons, Inc. (Mint Products); Lacey and Chehalis, WA On May 10, 2012, the Port of Olympia, grantee of...

  18. Wenatchee River steelhead reproductive success - Estimate the relative reproductive success of hatchery and wild steelhead in the Wenatchee River, WA

    Data.gov (United States)

    National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, Department of Commerce — This project uses genetic parentage analysis to estimate the relative reproductive success of hatchery and wild steelhead spawning in the Wenatchee River, WA. The...

  19. Wa Wa We Wa! / Siim Nestor

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Nestor, Siim, 1974-

    2006-01-01

    Briti koomik Sacha Baron Cohen ja tema loodud peategelasega film "Borat - kultuurialased õppetunnid Ameerikast abiks suursuguse Kasahstani riigi ülesehitamisel", režissöör Larry Charles : Ameerika Ühendriigid 2006. Lisaks "Seigad Coheni elust"

  20. Pra Na Wa Ka: The Development of Training Course for Continuing Buddhism

    OpenAIRE

    Phra M.P. Romphothanthong; Wisanee Siltragool; Anchalee Chantapo

    2012-01-01

    Problem statement: Buddhism is a religion that requires meditation, practice, intellectual precepts of the threefold-training such as morality, concentration and wisdom. The purpose of practicing Buddhism is the goal of deliverance through attaining knowledge and wisdom. The Pra Na Wa Ka are newly ordained monks and needed to study both of the scriptures and the practice for appreciating understanding in morality, concentration and wisdom. A training model and guidelines are needed to improve...

  1. High resolution observations of HCN and HCO+ J=3-2 in the disk and outflow of Mrk231 -Detection of vibrationally excited HCN in the warped nucleus

    CERN Document Server

    Aalto, S; Muller, S; Winters, J M; Gonzalez-Alfonso, E; van der Werf, P; Henkel, C; Costagliola, F; Neri, R

    2014-01-01

    We obtained high resolution (0."25 to 0."90) observations of HCN and HCO+ J=3-2 of the ultraluminous QSO galaxy Mrk231 with the IRAM Plateau de Bure Interferometer. We find luminous HCN and HCO+ 3-2 emission in the main disk and we detect compact (r350 pc) line wings are found for HCN 3-2 with velocities +-750 km/s. Line ratios indicate that the emission is emerging in dense gas n=1e4 - 5e5 cm-3 of elevated HCN abundance X(HCN)=1e-8 to 1e-6. High X(HCN) also allows for the emission to originate in gas of more moderate density. We tentatively detect nuclear emission from the reactive ion HOC+ with HCO+/HOC+=10-20. The HCN v2=1f line emission is consistent with the notion of a hot, dusty, warped inner disk of Mrk231 where the v2=1f line is excited by bright mid-IR 14 micron continuum. We estimate the vibrational temperature T_vib to 200-400 K. We propose that 50% of the main HCN emission may have its excitation affected by the radiation field through IR pumping of the vibrational ground state. The HCN emission ...

  2. Audiomagnetotelluric exploration across the Waíanae Range, Óahu, Hawaíi

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sigurdardottir, T. D.; Thomas, D. M.; Wallin, E.; Winchester, C.; Sinton, J. M.

    2015-12-01

    The audiomagnetotelluric (AMT) method is capable of providing direct evidence of a geothermal resource within the extinct Waíanae volcano, Óahu, Hawaíi. Geothermal systems are becoming an increasingly important energy source worldwide. With electric energy costs in Hawaíi the most expensive in the US (30.54 cents/kWh), it is important to investigate the potential of local geothermal resources. Slightly elevated temperature and chloride concentrations, measured in the 1970's at wells in the upper Lualualei Valley indicate the possibility of a geothermal resource. Previous geophysical investigations: self-potential, rotating quadripole resistivity, and shallow soil temperature surveys in the caldera measured low resistivity values. Resistivity is related to rock characteristics (e.g., porosity, saturation, salinity, temperature, chemistry, and the presence of weathered minerals). We are investigating the area further using the AMT method. We have collected profiles of AMT measurements across the Lualualei Valley and the Waíanae caldera boundary. Anthropogenic noise and access in this area is problematic. Electrical noise, originating from power lines along roads and very low frequency radio towers in the vicinity, add noise to the data. Limited access to sites on military lands inhibit data collection. However, preliminary results show that we have successfully imaged the expected higher resistivity values as our profiles cross the mountains bounding the caldera. As data continue to be collected across the Waíanae Caldera and Range and we begin modeling our data in two dimensions, we expect to be able to identify water table elevations, detect lateral variability between salt and fresh water saturation, estimate thickness of the freshwater lens and depth to the transition zone, image fault structures at the caldera boundary, and with enough sensitivity to conductivity, we can identify regions of elevated temperature.

  3. WA105: a large-scale demonstrator of the Liquid Argon double phase TPC

    Science.gov (United States)

    Tonazzo, A.; WA105 Collaboration

    2016-05-01

    The physics case for a large underground detector devoted to neutrino oscillation measurements, nucleon decay and astrophysics is compelling. A time projection chamber based on the dual-phase liquid Argon technique is an extremely attractive option, allowing for long drift distances, low energy threshold and high readout granularity. It has been extensively studied in the LAGUNA-LBNO Design Study and is one of the two designs foreseen for the modules of the DUNE detector in the US. The WA105 experiment envisages the construction of a large scale prototype at CERN, to validate technical solutions and perform physics studies with charged particle beams.

  4. Wanjiru's search for self in Ngugi wa Thiong'o's "Minutes of glory"

    OpenAIRE

    O. G. Mordaunt

    1992-01-01

    This paper deals with Ngugi wa Thiong'o's portrayal of the protagonist in his short story "Minutes of Glory". Wanjiru finds herself trapped in an urban setting and is a victim of her situation and low self-esteem. The story is a poignant and touching study of this young woman who is battling with an identity problem and is seeking acceptance in a post-independence setting where women are exploited by men of the New Africa elite. She is regarded as "a wounded bird in flight: a forced landing n...

  5. A Case Study of the Cultural Ecological Protection in Wa Ethnical Willage, Wengding

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Hua Fan

    2014-12-01

    Full Text Available How to survive in the context of new developments is a major problem confronting minority nationality cultures in the process of modernization. This paper is a case study of Wongding,an aboriginal Wa minority nationality culture village listed among the first group of intangible culture units in China’s Yunnan Province. The research emphasizes giving balanced attention to both protection and development, focusing on the living inheritance of culture in community life and the development of cultural tourism by utilizing the market platform and diverse forces to promote the development of minority nationality cultures.

  6. Classification of dark energy models in the (w_0,w_a) plane

    OpenAIRE

    Barger, V.; Guarnaccia, E.; Marfatia, D.

    2005-01-01

    We classify dark energy models in a plane of observables that correspond to the common parameterization of a non-constant equation of state, w(a)=w_0 + w_a(1-a), where $a$ is the scale factor of the universe. The models fall into four classes and only two of these classes have a region of overlap in the observable plane. We perform a joint analysis of all Type Ia supernova (SNIa) data compiled by the High-Z SN Search Team (HZT) and the Supernova Legacy Survey (SNLS) and find that no class of ...

  7. Crystallization and preliminary X-ray analysis of the vWA domain of human anthrax toxin receptor 1

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The vWA domain of human anthrax toxin receptor 1 was overexpressed in E. coli, purified and crystallized. Diffraction data were collected to 1.8 Å resolution. The Gram-positive spore-forming bacterium Bacillus anthracis causes anthrax by secreting anthrax toxin, which consists of protective antigen (PA), lethal factor and oedema factor. Binding of PA to receptors triggers the multi-step process of anthrax toxin entry into target cells. Two distinct cellular receptors, ANTXR1 (also known as tumour endothelial marker 8; TEM8) and ANTXR2 (also known as capillary morphogenesis protein 2; CMG2), for anthrax toxin have been identified. Although the crystal structure of the extracellular von Willebrand factor A (vWA) domain of CMG2 has been reported, the difference between the vWA domains of TEM8 and CMG2 remains unclear because there are no structural data for the TEM8 vWA domain. In this report, the TEM8 vWA domain was expressed, purified and crystallized. X-ray diffraction data were collected to 1.8 Å resolution from a single crystal, which belonged to space group P1 with unit-cell parameters a = 65.9, b = 66.1, c = 74.4 Å, α = 63.7, β = 88.2, γ = 59.9°

  8. Health promotion in cervical cancer prevention among the Yakama Indian women of the Wa'Shat Longhouse.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Strickland, C J; Squeoch, M D; Chrisman, N J

    1999-07-01

    The purpose of this 3-year study was to gain a greater understanding of the importance of the Wa'Shat Longhouse religion to the design of a culturally appropriate health promotion (cervical cancer prevention) program with the Yakama Indian people of eastern Washington. This descriptive study involved interviews with 10 Wa'Shat members, observations, and participant observations of 30 community ceremonial activities. The framework of health promotion planning guided the investigation. We found that (a) program goals needed to be holistic and wellness oriented, (b) teaching methods needed to include circular symbols, and (c) intervention strategies needed to be linked to the natural patterns of communication of the Wa'Shat Longhouse and to involve elders. Storytelling, talking circles, and use of role models were all found to be important teaching methods. We confirm previous perspectives on the importance of religion, provide greater depth in this understanding and outline implications for transcultural nursing practice. PMID:10693405

  9. Data from SILAC-based quantitative analysis of lysates from mouse microglial cells treated with Withaferin A (WA

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Malathi Narayan

    2016-06-01

    Full Text Available Mass spectrometry data collected in a study analyzing the effect of withaferin A (WA on a mouse microglial (N9 cell line is presented in this article. Data was collected from SILAC-based quantitative analysis of lysates from mouse microglial cells treated with either WA or DMSO vehicle control. This article reports all the proteins that were identified in this analysis. The data presented here is related to the published research article on the effect of WA on the differential regulation of proteins in mouse microglial cells [1]. Mass spectrometry data has also been deposited in the ProteomeXchange with the identifier http://www.ebi.ac.uk/pride/archive/projects/PXD003032.

  10. Flow analysis with WaSiM-ETH – model parameter sensitivity at different scales

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    J. Cullmann

    2006-01-01

    Full Text Available WaSiM-ETH (Gurtz et al., 2001, a widely used water balance simulation model, is tested for its suitability to serve for flow analysis in the context of rainfall runoff modelling and flood forecasting. In this paper, special focus is on the resolution of the process domain in space as well as in time. We try to couple model runs with different calculation time steps in order to reduce the effort arising from calculating the whole flow hydrograph at the hourly time step. We aim at modelling on the daily time step for water balance purposes, switching to the hourly time step whenever high-resolution information is necessary (flood forecasting. WaSiM-ETH is used at different grid resolutions, thus we try to become clear about being able to transfer the model in spatial resolution. We further use two different approaches for the overland flow time calculation within the sub-basins of the test watershed to gain insights about the process dynamics portrayed by the model. Our findings indicate that the model is very sensitive to time and space resolution and cannot be transferred across scales without recalibration.

  11. Land cover dynamics in Wa Municipality, Upper West Region of Ghana

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    M.S. Aduah

    2012-06-01

    Full Text Available Land cover change is pervasive in urban areas and can destabilise the ecosystem with negative consequences. To manage land effectively and to protect its cover, there is the need for a reliable inventory. GIS and remote sensing technology has become a standard in producing land cover maps worldwide. Therefore, in this study GIS and remote sensing was used to map the land cover of Wa Municipality of the Upper West Region of Ghana. Two Landsat 5 images of 1986 and 2011 were used. The images were pre-processed, subset to the study area and classified using the maximum likelihood classification algorithm. The map accuracies for the classes of interest; built-up, bare land and vegetation were not less than 70%. The land cover maps generated indicated that built-up area has increased by 34% whiles total size of bare land has increased by 47% from 1986 to 2011.These increases have reduced the total area of vegetated land by 10%. Therefore, if the current rate of degradation is not controlled, biodiversity of Wa and its surrounding areas would be lost in the near future. Also the degradation can intensify floods and droughts and other effects of climate change. The current study has demonstrated the effectiveness of GIS and remote sensing in studying environmental changes taking place in semi-arid regions. The application of remote sensing technologies should be intensified especially in the developing world to continue to provide vital data needed to manage the environment in a sustainable manner.

  12. [Intestinal parasites in inhabitants of Wrocław and Wałbrzych].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lonc, E; Okulewicz, A; Kopczyńska-Maślej, J; Zaródzka, Z

    1999-01-01

    In the period 1990-1997 several thousand patients from Wrocław and Wałbrzych hospitals as well as inhabitants of Wrocław city were examined for intestinal parasites. The presence of parasites was noted in 12.3% of 2173 patients from the District Hospital of Infectious Diseases in Wrocław, 3.2% of 599 from Wałbrzych Hospital and 39.3% (mostly Enterobius vermicularis) of 746 ambulatory examined persons in the Private Analytical Laboratory in Wrocław. Among the intestinal protozoa the most frequent was Giardia intestinalis (from 5.7 to 18.1%) and Entamoeba coli (0.5-0.6%); the remaining amoebas (E. histolytica, E. hartmanni, E. polecki and Endolimax nana) as well as Chilomonas mesnili was present only in single cases. Enterobiosis was observed in nearly half of the total number of examined children (1808); the most rarely found helminths were Opisorchis felineus (! Adult patient), Strongyloides stercoralis (2) and Trichuris trichiura (8); Taenia saginata was found in 56 patients, which constituted 1.6% of the total number of examined cases and Ascaris lumbricoides in 40 (1.2%). PMID:16883717

  13. Assessment of encroachment of urban streams in Ghana: a case study of Wa Municipality

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Raymond Aabeyir

    2014-02-01

    Full Text Available This paper assessed encroachment of streams due to physical development in Wa Urban Area of the Upper West Region of Ghana. The assessment was informed by the recognition that the roles played by streams in flood control are undermined by physical developments. This affects sustainable urban development and renders the urban area vulnerable to floods. The assessment was based on the 300m buffer zone standard set by the Ghana Water Resources Commission as a protective zone for such streams in the country. It is mandatory to offset all physical development from this zone but that is not the situation on the ground. For the purpose of this study each buffer zone was divided into sub-buffer zones of 100m in order to appreciate how far development has moved into the prohibited buffer zone. The streams and physical structures were mapped with a Trimble GPS receiver while land owners and tenants were purposively selected and interviewed. The buffer zone and sub-buffer zones were defined using GIS and overlaid with map of the physical structures. The categories of structures found in the buffer zones were residential (93.4 %, commercial (5.1%, public (1.3% and agriculture (0.2%. The results of the study indicates that more than 50 % of physical structures mapped are located in the inner buffer and the land acquisition process for development of these structures amongst others in Wa is mostly initiated by developers.

  14. 姬松茸60Co辐射新菌株J3营养成分与农药残留分析%Analysis on Nutrients and Pesticide Residues in Strain J3 Agaricus blazei Murill Irradiated by 60Co

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    翁伯琦; 江枝和; 肖淑霞; 雷锦桂; 王义祥; 唐翔虬

    2011-01-01

    通过常规生产床栽,对比研究姬松茸Co辐射新菌株J和原菌株J在营养品质以及重金属含量和农药残留情况.结果表明,姬松茸Co辐射新菌株J子实体中鲜味氨基酸总量(56.5 g·kg)、甜味氨基酸总量(52.4g·kg)、硫氨基酸总量(15.8 g·kg)、支链氨基酸总量(38.1 g·kg)、芳香族氨基酸总量(16.1 g·kg)、儿童氨基酸总量(17.8 g·kg)、必需氨基酸总量(95 g·kg),分别占氨基酸总量(221.7 g·kg)的25.48%、23.64%、7.13%、17.19%、7.26%、8.03%和42.85%,分别比姬松茸J高28.12%、12.93%、0%、14.41%、12.59%、16.34%和11.76%.J的多不饱和脂肪酸(76.15%)和不饱和脂肪酸(77.55%)分别比姬松茸原菌株J高4.39%和3.82%.J子实体含镉(3.86 mg·kg)、汞(0.42 mg·kg)和砷(0.09 mg·kg),也分别比原菌株J低45.86%、32.25%和18.18%;其铅含量符合国家食用菌卫生标准GB 7096-2003;砷含量符合国家绿色食品食用菌NY/T749-2003的标准.子实体中联苯菊酯、溴氰菊酯、百菌清、六六六、多菌灵、阿维菌素、甲基托布津、甲胺磷、毒死蜱、滴滴涕和二氧化硫含量均符合国家绿色食品食用菌NY/T 749-2003的标准.%A garicus blazei Murill as rare edible fungi was adored by more and more customers.But with the increasing attention of food hygiene quality, it was important guidance of the safety production of Agaricus blazei to understand the health status of Agaricus blazei in the actual cultivation.This paper studied the difference in terms of nutritional quality, heavy metal contents and pesticide residues between strain J3 and J1.The results showed that the contents of delicious amino acid(56.5 g· kg-1), sweet amino acid(52.4 g· kg-1), sulfur amino acid( 15.8 g·kg-1), branched chain amino acid(38.1 g· kg-1), aromatic amino acid( 16.1 g·kg-1), children amino acid( 17.8 g·kg-1), necessary amino acid (95.0 g·kg-1)in the fruit bodies ofAgaricus blazei J3, occupied 25.48%, 23.64%, 7.13%, 17.19%, 7.26

  15. AFSC/NMML/CCEP: California Current Ecosystem Program and Cascadia Research Collective: Aerial and small boat line transect data in waters of OR/WA/BC from 1989, 1990, 1991, 1996, 1997, 2002, and 2003

    Data.gov (United States)

    National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, Department of Commerce — The National Marine Mammal Laboratory (NMML) a division of NOAA's Alaska Fisheries Science Center (Seattle, WA) and Cascadia Research Collective (Olympia, WA)...

  16. O sistema médico Yawanáwa e seus especialistas: cura, poder e iniciação xamânica The Yawanáwa medical system and its specialists: healing, power, and shamanic initiation

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Laura Pérez-Gil

    2001-03-01

    Full Text Available Uma das particularidades do xamanismo Yawanáwa é a multiplicidade de termos existentes para designar seus especialistas, bem como a associação com diversas técnicas de cura e agressão, característica que lhe dá aparência heterogênea e complexa. Contudo, uma unidade subjaz a esse aspecto, já que todas essas técnicas compartilham concepções idênticas a respeito da realidade e baseiam sua eficiência nos mesmos conceitos de poder e de conhecimento. Para pesquisar a forma como o poder e o conhecimento - alicerces das práticas relacionadas com a cura - são concebidos entre os Yawanáwa, o artigo explora e analisa o processo por meio do qual o especialista os adquire: a iniciação xamânica.A wide variety of terms are used in Yawanáwa shamanism to name both healers and the relations between these specialists and techniques of healing and aggression, a characteristic that appears heterogeneous and complex. However, there is unity behind this appearance, because all the techniques are based on the same concepts of power and knowledge. To show how these ideas are conceived by the Yawanáwa, this article explores the process by which power and knowledge are acquired: shamanic initiation.

  17. 78 FR 11981 - Security Zone; Protection of Military Cargo, Captain of the Port Zone Puget Sound, WA

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-02-21

    ... of Puget Sound and adjacent waters. (See 69 FR 52600, Aug. 27, 2004). When activated, this regulation... Puget Sound, WA AGENCY: Coast Guard, DHS. ACTION: Notice of enforcement of regulation. SUMMARY: The... military cargo in the navigable waters of Puget Sound and adjacent waters. Entry into this zone...

  18. 78 FR 22911 - Delta Air Lines, Inc., Reservation Sales and Customer Care Call Center, Seatac, WA; Delta Air...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-04-17

    ... From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office ] DEPARTMENT OF LABOR Employment and Training Administration Delta Air Lines, Inc., Reservation Sales and Customer Care Call Center, Seatac, WA; Delta Air Lines, Inc., Reservation Sales and Customer Care Call Center, Sioux City, IA; Notice of Revised Determination...

  19. 75 FR 59688 - Foreign-Trade Zone 203-Moses Lake, WA; Application for Reorganization and Expansion Under...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-09-28

    ... FR 1170, 1/12/09; correction 74 FR 3987, 1/22/09). The ASF is an option for grantees for the... 203 was approved by the Board on October 18, 1994 (Board Order 702, 59 FR 54433, 10/31/94). The... Foreign-Trade Zones Board Foreign-Trade Zone 203--Moses Lake, WA; Application for Reorganization...

  20. 77 FR 58533 - Notice of Availability of the Draft Environmental Impact Statement for the W.A. Parish Post...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-09-21

    ... Environmental Impact Statement for the W.A. Parish Post-Combustion Carbon Dioxide (CO2) Capture and... Capture and Sequestration Project, Southeastern TX AGENCY: U.S. Department of Energy (DOE). ACTION: Notice...-Combustion CO 2 Capture and Sequestration Project (Parish PCCS Project). NRG's proposed project...

  1. 78 FR 30901 - Record of Decision and Wetland/Floodplain Statement of Findings for the W.A. Parish Post...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-05-23

    ... new post- combustion carbon dioxide (CO 2 ) capture and compression system that would be added to Unit... amine-based carbon capture technology at NRG's W.A. Parish Plant with beneficial use of the CO 2 at an... market acceptance. A successful commercial-scale demonstration of amine-based carbon capture...

  2. 77 FR 32943 - Takes of Marine Mammals Incidental to Specified Activities; Pile Driving in the Columbia River, WA

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-06-04

    ... Specified Activities; Pile Driving in the Columbia River, WA AGENCY: National Marine Fisheries Service (NMFS... harassment authorization. SUMMARY: In accordance with the Marine Mammal Protection Act (MMPA) regulations..., incidental to pile driving during construction of the Terminal 5 Bulk Potash Handling Facility....

  3. Measurements of Turbulence at Two Tidal Energy Sites in Puget Sound, WA

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Thomson, Jim; Polagye, Brian; Durgesh, Vibhav; Richmond, Marshall C.

    2012-06-05

    Field measurements of turbulence are pre- sented from two sites in Puget Sound, WA (USA) that are proposed for electrical power generation using tidal current turbines. Rapidly sampled data from multiple acoustic Doppler instruments are analyzed to obtain statistical mea- sures of fluctuations in both the magnitude and direction of the tidal currents. The resulting turbulence intensities (i.e., the turbulent velocity fluctuations normalized by the harmonic tidal currents) are typically 10% at the hub- heights (i.e., the relevant depth bin) of the proposed turbines. Length and time scales of the turbulence are also analyzed. Large-scale, anisotropic eddies dominate the energy spectra, which may be the result of proximity to headlands at each site. At small scales, an isotropic turbulent cascade is observed and used to estimate the dissipation rate of turbulent kinetic energy. Data quality and sampling parameters are discussed, with an emphasis on the removal of Doppler noise from turbulence statistics.

  4. Inactivation of Adenovirus Type 5, Rotavirus WA and Male Specific Coliphage (MS2 in Biosolids by Lime Stabilization

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Aaron B. Margolin

    2007-03-01

    Full Text Available The use of lime to reduce or eliminate pathogen content is a cost-effective treatment currently employed in many Class B biosolids production plants in the United States. A bench scale model of lime stabilization was designed to evaluate the survival of adenovirus type 5, rotavirus Wa, and the male specific bacteriophage, MS2, in various matrices. Each virus was initially evaluated independently in a reverse osmosis treated water matrix limed with an aqueous solution of calcium hydroxide for 24-hr at 22 ± 5°C. In all R/O water trials, adenovirus type 5, rotavirus Wa and MS2 were below detectable levels (<100.5 TCID50/mL and <1 PFU/mL respectively following 0.1-hr of liming. Adenovirus type 5, rotavirus Wa, and MS2, were inoculated into composted, raw and previously limed matrices, representative of sludge and biosolids, to achieve a final concentration of approximately 104 PFU or TCID50/mL. Each matrix was limed for 24-hr at 22 ± 5°C and 4 ± 2°C. In all trials virus was below detectable levels following a 24-hr incubation. The time required for viral inactivation varied depending on the temperature and sample matrix. This research demonstrates reduction of adenovirus type 5, rotavirus Wa, and male-specific bacteriophage, in water, sludge and biosolids matrices following addition of an 8% calcium hydroxide slurry to achieve a pH of 12 for 2-hr reduced to 11.5 for 22-hr by addition of 0.1 N HCl. In these trials, MS2 was a conservative indicator of the efficacy of lime stabilization of adenovirus Type 5 and rotavirus Wa and therefore is proposed as a useful indicator organism.

  5. Water Accounting Plus (WA+ – a water accounting procedure for complex river basins based on satellite measurements

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    P. Karimi

    2013-07-01

    Full Text Available Coping with water scarcity and growing competition for water among different sectors requires proper water management strategies and decision processes. A pre-requisite is a clear understanding of the basin hydrological processes, manageable and unmanageable water flows, the interaction with land use and opportunities to mitigate the negative effects and increase the benefits of water depletion on society. Currently, water professionals do not have a common framework that links depletion to user groups of water and their benefits. The absence of a standard hydrological and water management summary is causing confusion and wrong decisions. The non-availability of water flow data is one of the underpinning reasons for not having operational water accounting systems for river basins in place. In this paper, we introduce Water Accounting Plus (WA+, which is a new framework designed to provide explicit spatial information on water depletion and net withdrawal processes in complex river basins. The influence of land use and landscape evapotranspiration on the water cycle is described explicitly by defining land use groups with common characteristics. WA+ presents four sheets including (i a resource base sheet, (ii an evapotranspiration sheet, (iii a productivity sheet, and (iv a withdrawal sheet. Every sheet encompasses a set of indicators that summarise the overall water resources situation. The impact of external (e.g., climate change and internal influences (e.g., infrastructure building can be estimated by studying the changes in these WA+ indicators. Satellite measurements can be used to acquire a vast amount of required data but is not a precondition for implementing WA+ framework. Data from hydrological models and water allocation models can also be used as inputs to WA+.

  6. Water Accounting Plus (WA+ – a water accounting procedure for complex river basins based on satellite measurements

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    D. Molden

    2012-11-01

    Full Text Available Coping with the issue of water scarcity and growing competition for water among different sectors requires proper water management strategies and decision processes. A pre-requisite is a clear understanding of the basin hydrological processes, manageable and unmanageable water flows, the interaction with land use and opportunities to mitigate the negative effects and increase the benefits of water depletion on society. Currently, water professionals do not have a common framework that links hydrological flows to user groups of water and their benefits. The absence of a standard hydrological and water management summary is causing confusion and wrong decisions. The non-availability of water flow data is one of the underpinning reasons for not having operational water accounting systems for river basins in place. In this paper we introduce Water Accounting Plus (WA+, which is a new framework designed to provide explicit spatial information on water depletion and net withdrawal processes in complex river basins. The influence of land use on the water cycle is described explicitly by defining land use groups with common characteristics. Analogous to financial accounting, WA+ presents four sheets including (i a resource base sheet, (ii a consumption sheet, (iii a productivity sheet, and (iv a withdrawal sheet. Every sheet encompasses a set of indicators that summarize the overall water resources situation. The impact of external (e.g. climate change and internal influences (e.g. infrastructure building can be estimated by studying the changes in these WA+ indicators. Satellite measurements can be used for 3 out of the 4 sheets, but is not a precondition for implementing WA+ framework. Data from hydrological models and water allocation models can also be used as inputs to WA+.

  7. Three Spokane Moms Save Their School Libraries

    Science.gov (United States)

    Whelan, Debra Lau

    2008-01-01

    In this article, the author reports on how three women saved their school libraries and created an advocacy model for all. The dynamic trio: Lisa Layera Brunkan, the great researcher with exceptional people skills, Susan McBurney, the master organizer with a Ph.D. in linguistics, and Denette Hill, the numbers lady with fantastic business acumen,…

  8. Summary of surface-water-quality data collected for the Northern Rockies Intermontane Basins National Water-Quality Assessment Program in the Clark Fork-Pend Oreille and Spokane River basins, Montana, Idaho, and Washington, water years 1999-2001

    Science.gov (United States)

    Beckwith, Michael A.

    2003-01-01

    Water-quality samples were collected at 10 sites in the Clark Fork-Pend Oreille and Spokane River Basins in water years 1999 – 2001 as part of the Northern Rockies Intermontane Basins (NROK) National Water-Quality Assessment (NAWQA) Program. Sampling sites were located in varied environments ranging from small streams and rivers in forested, mountainous headwater areas to large rivers draining diverse landscapes. Two sampling sites were located immediately downstream from the large lakes; five sites were located downstream from large-scale historical mining and oreprocessing areas, which are now the two largest “Superfund” (environmental remediation) sites in the Nation. Samples were collected during a wide range of streamflow conditions, more frequently during increasing and high streamflow and less frequently during receding and base-flow conditions. Sample analyses emphasized major ions, nutrients, and selected trace elements. Streamflow during the study ranged from more than 130 percent of the long-term average in 1999 at some sites to 40 percent of the long-term average in 2001. River and stream water in the study area exhibited small values for specific conductance, hardness, alkalinity, and dissolved solids. Dissolved oxygen concentrations in almost all samples were near saturation. Median total nitrogen and total phosphorus concentrations in samples from most sites were smaller than median concentrations reported for many national programs and other NAWQA Program study areas. The only exceptions were two sites downstream from large wastewater-treatment facilities, where median concentrations of total nitrogen exceeded the national median. Maximum concentrations of total phosphorus in samples from six sites exceeded the 0.1 milligram per liter threshold recommended for limiting nuisance aquatic growth. Concentrations of arsenic, cadmium, copper, lead, mercury, and zinc were largest in samples from sites downstream from historical mining and ore

  9. Multistage gold mineralization in the Wa-Lawra greenstone belt, NW Ghana: The Bepkong deposit

    Science.gov (United States)

    Amponsah, Prince Ofori; Salvi, Stefano; Didier, Béziat; Baratoux, Lenka; Siebenaller, Luc; Jessell, Mark; Nude, Prosper Mackenzie; Gyawu, Eugene Adubofour

    2016-08-01

    The Bepkong gold deposit is one of several gold camps in the Paleoproterozoic Wa-Lawra greenstone belt in northwest Ghana. These deposits lay along the Kunche-Atikpi shear zone, which is part of the larger transcurrent Jirapa shear zone. The formation of these shear zones can be attributed to the general ESE-WNW major shortening that took place in the Wa-Lawra belt. Gold mineralization in the Bepkong deposit mainly occurs within graphitic shales and volcaniclastic rocks. The ore consists of four N-S trending lenticular bodies, plunging steeply to the south, that are lithologically and structurally controlled. Their shape and thickness are variable, though a general strike length of 560 m and an overall thickness of 300 m can be defined. An alteration mineral assemblage characterises the ore, and consists of chlorite-calcite-sericite-quartz-arsenopyrite-pyrite. Pyrite, as distinct from arsenopyrite, is not limited to the altered rocks and occurs throughout the area. At Bepkong, gold is associated with arsenopyrite and pyrite, which occur disseminated in the mineralized wall rock, flanking Type-1 quartz veins, or within fractures crossing these veins. Textural observations indicate the early formation of abundant arsenopyrite, followed by pyrite, with chalcopyrite, galena, sphalerite and pyrrhotite occurring as inclusions within pyrite and altered arsenopyrite. Detailed petrography, coupled with SEM, LA-ICP-MS and EMP analyses, indicate that gold in the Bepkong deposit occurs in three distinct forms: (i) invisible gold, mostly in arsenopyrite (ii); visible gold as micron-size grains within fractures and altered rims of arsenopyrite, as well as at the interface of sulphide grains; (iii) free visible gold in fractures in quartz veins and their selvages. We interpret the invisible gold to have co-precipitated with the early-formed arsenopyrite. The small visible gold grains observed within the sulphide interfaces, altered arsenopyrite, fractures and grain boundaries

  10. The geographic distribution of obesity by census tract among 59 767 insured adults in King County, WA

    OpenAIRE

    Drewnowski, Adam; Rehm, Colin D.; Arterburn, David

    2013-01-01

    Objective To evaluate the geographic concentration of adult obesity prevalence by census tract (CT) in King County, WA, in relation to social and economic factors. Methods and Design Measured heights and weights from 59 767 adult men and women enrolled in the Group Health (GH) health care system were used to estimate obesity prevalence at the CT level. CT-level measures of socioeconomic status (SES) were median home values of owner-occupied housing units, percent of residents with a college d...

  11. Arterial roads and area socioeconomic status are predictors of fast food restaurant density in King County, WA

    OpenAIRE

    Streichert Laura C; Rehm Colin D; Moudon Anne V; Hurvitz Philip M; Drewnowski Adam

    2009-01-01

    Abstract Background Fast food restaurants reportedly target specific populations by locating in lower-income and in minority neighborhoods. Physical proximity to fast food restaurants has been associated with higher obesity rates. Objective To examine possible associations, at the census tract level, between area demographics, arterial road density, and fast food restaurant density in King County, WA, USA. Methods Data on median household incomes, property values, and race/ethnicity were obta...

  12. Determinants of the Establishment of Islamic Micro Finance Institutions: The Case of Baitul Maal wa Tamwil (BMT) in Indonesia

    OpenAIRE

    Alfiah Hasanah; Arief Anshory Yusuf

    2013-01-01

    As a country with the largest number of muslim population in the world, Islamic micro finance institutions have a large potential to playa greater role in the country's aspiration to poverty reduction. However, the determinants of theestablishment of Islamic Micro Finance Institutions, particularly in Indonesia, has not been extensively studied. This paper attempts to explore the determinants of the establishment ofBaitul Maal wa Tamwil (BMT), one of the main Islamic microfinance institutions...

  13. Comparative studies of the structural and alteration controls on gold mineralization in the Wa-Lawra region, NW Ghana.

    OpenAIRE

    Amponsah, Prince Ofori

    2016-01-01

    The objective of this thesis was to perform a detailed structural, mineralization and associated alteration studies of three gold deposits located in northwest Ghana, on the eastern margin of the West African Craton. Thus, the Kunche and Bepkong deposits, located in the Wa-Lawra belt and Julie deposit located in the Julie belt. These three deposits have multiple differences in terms of geological, structural, tectonic and geochemical characteristics but gold mineralization in these deposits a...

  14. KamiWaAi - Interactive 3D Sketching with Java Based on Cl(4,1) Conformal Model of Euclidean Space

    OpenAIRE

    Hitzer, Eckhard

    2013-01-01

    This paper introduces the new interactive Java sketching software KamiWaAi, recently developed at the University of Fukui. Its graphical user interface enables the user without any knowledge of both mathematics or computer science, to do full three dimensional "drawings" on the screen. The resulting constructions can be reshaped interactively by dragging its points over the screen. The programming approach is new. KamiWaAi implements geometric objects like points, lines, circles, spheres, etc...

  15. Action-projection in Japanese conversation: Topic particles wa, mo and tte for triggering categorization activities

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Hiroko eTanaka

    2015-08-01

    Full Text Available Conversation analytic work has revealed how anticipatory completions and preemptive actions can offer invaluable glimpses into the cognitive, contextual, grammatical and temporal bases of projectability in turn-taking, by virtue of their potential not only as a display of participants’ online prediction of roughly what it might take to complete a turn-in-progress but also to plan the next move. While the predicate-final word order and the incremental transformability of turns in Japanese generally lead to delayed projectability of turn-endings, this may be partially offset by the capacity of certain postpositional particles to trigger and propel prospective action trajectories. This article engages in a case study of the topic particle wa (and related particles mo and tte, by demonstrating how its grammatical affordances, the categorization activities and cognitive processing it can set in motion, coupled with the immediate contextual and temporal-productional features may coalesce to a point of critical mass, thereby enhancing the projectability of the not-yet-produced trajectory of the current turn. The discussion attempts to contribute to recent debates on ways language-specific lexicogrammatical resources are deeply interlinked with the types of opportunities that are provided for social action.

  16. Action-projection in Japanese conversation: topic particles wa, mo, and tte for triggering categorization activities.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Tanaka, Hiroko

    2015-01-01

    Conversation analytic work has revealed how anticipatory completions and preemptive actions can offer invaluable glimpses into the cognitive, contextual, grammatical, and temporal bases of projectability in turn-taking, by virtue of their potential not only as a display of participants' online prediction of roughly what it might take to complete a turn-in-progress but also to plan the next move. While the predicate-final word order and the incremental transformability of turns in Japanese generally lead to delayed projectability of turn-endings, this may be partially offset by the capacity of certain postpositional particles to trigger and propel prospective action trajectories. This article engages in a case study of the topic particle wa (and related particles mo and tte), by demonstrating how its grammatical affordances, the categorization activities, and cognitive processing it can set in motion, coupled with the immediate contextual, and temporal-productional features may coalesce to a point of critical mass, thereby enhancing the projectability of the not-yet-produced trajectory of the current turn. The discussion attempts to contribute to recent debates on ways language-specific lexicogrammatical resources are deeply interlinked with the types of opportunities that are provided for social action. PMID:26379565

  17. Mystical Experience from Religious Community of Qadiriyah wa Naqsyabandiyah Dawe Kudus

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Atika Ulfia Adlina

    2012-06-01

    Full Text Available The research aimed to know: 1. Ahwal (mystical experience experienced by followers of Tarekat Qadiriyah wa Naqsyabandiyah in Piji, Dawe, Kudus; 2. The correlation between suluk and their kinds of ahwal; and 3. The different intensity of ahwal for the followers in each stage of the tarekat. This was a field reserch which used purpo- sive sampling tehnique. The data were then analysed qualitatively and phenomeno- logically. The findings of the research showed that there were some factors motivated people to join the Tarekat: the intention to be close to God, preparing themselves for death, charismatic figure, etc. Secondly, the classification of the mystical experi- ences was adjusted with the lataif dzikir stages, they were laţîfah al-qalb, laţîfah ar- rûh, laţîfah as-sirr, laţîfah khafiy, laţîfah akhfa, laţîfah an-nafsi dan laţîfah al-qâlib. There were same ahwal experienced by the followers in some stages. Therefore, it was concluded that there was a relationship between suluk and ahwal experienced by the followers of the tarekat in Piji Dawe Kudus.

  18. Investigation of parameter uncertainty and identifiability of the hydrological model WaSiM-ETH

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    G. Wriedt

    2006-01-01

    Full Text Available The identification of optimum model parameters may be influenced by temporal or event-specific changes of optimum parameter ranges and the length and information content of calibration data. These effects were studied for the hydrological model WaSiM-ETH in a 170 km2 catchment. Based on a Monte-Carlo simulation including seven model parameters, we investigated temporal and state dependent changes of parameter identifiability using the DYNIA algorithm. The effect of data length was studied using a modified DYNIA approach based on a growing window algorithm. The DYNIA analysis revealed temporal changes of identifiability for the snow melt runoff parameter cmelt, which is only identifiable during winter runoff, and for the drainage density parameter drd. The drd parameter was closely related to observed discharge (or catchment moisture, when re-ordering the time series by discharge. Such dependencies probably result from processes not included in model equations. The growing window analysis shows that more than one year of data did not result in improved identification of model parameters cmelt and drd. Using the re-ordered data series, good identifiability of cmelt was bound to high discharges, while identifiability of drd changed with the addition of further values in descending or ascending order. The methodology revealed structural problems with regard to the parameter drd, which are not yet completely understood and require further investigation.

  19. Arrival time and magnitude of airborne fission products from the Fukushima, Japan, reactor incident as measured in Seattle, WA, USA

    CERN Document Server

    Leon, J Diaz; Knecht, A; Miller, M L; Robertson, R G H; Schubert, A G

    2011-01-01

    We report results of air monitoring started due to the recent natural catastrophe on March 11, 2011 in Japan and the severe ensuing damage to the Fukushima nuclear reactor complex. On March 17-18, 2011 we detected the first arrival of the airborne fission products 131-I, 132-I, 132-Te, 134-Cs, and 137-Cs in Seattle, WA, USA, by identifying their characteristic gamma rays using a germanium detector. The highest detected activity to date is <~32 mBq/m^3 of 131-I.

  20. Extending the Coyote emulator to dark energy models with standard w0-wa parametrization of the equation of state

    Science.gov (United States)

    Casarini, L.; Bonometto, S. A.; Tessarotto, E.; Corasaniti, P.-S.

    2016-08-01

    We discuss an extension of the Coyote emulator to predict non-linear matter power spectra of dark energy (DE) models with a scale factor dependent equation of state of the form w = w0+(1-a)wa. The extension is based on the mapping rule between non-linear spectra of DE models with constant equation of state and those with time varying one originally introduced in ref. [40]. Using a series of N-body simulations we show that the spectral equivalence is accurate to sub-percent level across the same range of modes and redshift covered by the Coyote suite. Thus, the extended emulator provides a very efficient and accurate tool to predict non-linear power spectra for DE models with w0-wa parametrization. According to the same criteria we have developed a numerical code that we have implemented in a dedicated module for the CAMB code, that can be used in combination with the Coyote Emulator in likelihood analyses of non-linear matter power spectrum measurements. All codes can be found at https://github.com/luciano-casarini/pkequal.

  1. RELAP4/MOD6/U4/J3: a JAERI improved version of RELAP4/MOD6 for transient thermal-hydraulic analysis of LWR including effects of BWR core spray

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The RELAP4/MOD6/U4/J3 code is the latest version of RELAP4/MOD6/Update4 improved in JAERI. The major improvements and modifications included in this version have been carried out aiming at small break LOCA analysis and BWR-LOCA analysis after core spray initiation. For example, a CCFL calculation model and a spray heat transfer model have been added for BWR-LOCA analysis. Using these models, through calculation from the beginning of blowdown to the end of reflood in BWR-LOCA was made practicable. Furthermore, the analyses of operational transients of LWR were facilitated greatly by an addition of a trip reset function. In this report, the description of the improvements and modifications included in this version, the input data description, and the results of two sample problems are contained. (author)

  2. The Arizona Radio Observatory CO Mapping Survey of Galactic Molecular Clouds. V. The Sh2-235 Cloud in CO J=2-1, 13CO J=2-1, and CO J=3-2

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bieging, John H.; Patel, Saahil; Peters, William L.; Toth, L. Viktor; Marton, Gábor; Zahorecz, Sarolta

    2016-09-01

    We present the results of a program to map the Sh2-235 molecular cloud complex in the CO and 13CO J = 2 - 1 transitions using the Heinrich Hertz Submillimeter Telescope. The map resolution is 38″ (FWHM), with an rms noise of 0.12 K brightness temperature, for a velocity resolution of 0.34 km s-1. With the same telescope, we also mapped the CO J = 3 - 2 line at a frequency of 345 GHz, using a 64 beam focal plane array of heterodyne mixers, achieving a typical rms noise of 0.5 K brightness temperature with a velocity resolution of 0.23 km s-1. The three spectral line data cubes are available for download. Much of the cloud appears to be slightly sub-thermally excited in the J = 3 level, except for in the vicinity of the warmest and highest column density areas, which are currently forming stars. Using the CO and 13CO J = 2 - 1 lines, we employ an LTE model to derive the gas column density over the entire mapped region. Examining a 125 pc2 region centered on the most active star formation in the vicinity of Sh2-235, we find that the young stellar object surface density scales as approximately the 1.6-power of the gas column density. The area distribution function of the gas is a steeply declining exponential function of gas column density. Comparison of the morphology of ionized and molecular gas suggests that the cloud is being substantially disrupted by expansion of the H ii regions, which may be triggering current star formation.

  3. Exploring Variability in Acidic Saline Playa Lakes in WA with HyMAP Hyperspectral Data

    Science.gov (United States)

    Baldridge, A. M.; Hook, S. J.; Souza Filho, C. R.; Thomson, B. J.; Bridges, N. T.; Crowley, J. K.

    2009-12-01

    Acid saline lakes in Western Australia have been recognized as useful chemical terrestrial analogs for aqueous mineral formation on Mars [e.g., 1]. In these lake systems, large pH and salinity differences are observed both laterally and vertically over scales of a few tens of meters[2, 3]. The variability in these lakes have been offered as an alternate formation mechanism for some of the phyllosilicates and sulfates on Mars, suggesting that these different mineral types may be separated by chemical gradients rather than by temporal boundaries[4]. To assess the ability to detect this variability remotely and to determine the extent of the surface variability, which may not be easily accessible in the field, spectral mapping for two of the acidic saline playa lakes was performed. HyMAP airborne data were acquired in December, 2008, of Lake Gilmore and Lake Chandler in WA. The HyMAP sensors have 126 bands that cover the wavelength range between 0.45 and 2.5 µm. Hyvista Corporation provided atmospherically corrected surface reflectance data at approximately 3m spatial resolution. Using the methodology described by [5] the HyMAP data were analyzed using ENVI to identify spectrally pure endmembers that can be used to distinguish mineralogy in the scene. Relevant (e.g. not roads, water or vegetation) spectral endmembers derived for each scene were identified visually using spectra from the ASTER spectral library[6]. The processing techniques were applied to all flight lines and ultimately a classification map mosaic was produced for selection of relevant and intriguing field sampling sites. The classification maps will be validated using field spectroscopy and visual inspection of representative samples collected from the field sites in October 2009, and laboratory spectroscopy and X-ray diffraction will be performed for further validation. The classification maps confirm variability in mineralogy across the lakes, validating geochemical modeling. There are also some

  4. Divergence of Temperature and Wind Signals in Tree Rings at Port Angeles, WA

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hamilton, W. L.

    2007-12-01

    At Port Angeles, WA some divergence of tree response to temperature may be explained by previously reported response of trees to wind. Near a weather station there two intermixed populations of low elevation Douglas-fir were found, of which roughly half showed positive response of annual ring width eccentricity to integrated, instrumentally measured hourly wind velocity over the same time interval and in the same direction. The other half responded negatively to the same wind along the same measurement transect azimuth. A similar result was obtained for wind when using ring width data from the downwind sides of the trees, where much of the wind signal was retained by modulation of early wood growth. This is similar to the Wilmking et al. description of divergent temperature response of transect mean ring width in high elevation trees on the Alaska Brooks Range; where a third showed positive, a third showed negative and a third had insignificant correlation with temperature. Eccentricity in Port Angeles northeast-southwest and southeast-northwest transects shows significant divergence of both wind and wind-associated temperature response from 1997 to 2001. Alternating power and lag of wind and temperature correlations with eccentricity at certain azimuths suggests that wind and temperature may operate interdependently in affecting eccentric growth. Response power and sign were highly dependent on the tree, transect azimuth and lag. Trees responded with wind azimuth resolution close to 10°, suggesting that accuracy and precision of sampling azimuth are important. Response power on most transects in most trees was usually higher at zero response lag. Eccentricity response to temperature and wind was usually of opposite sign. Northeast and southeast transect mean width showed weak, temperature-driven divergence at one-year lag. Analysis is underway back to 1982. At Port Angeles warmer winds from the Strait of Juan de Fuca flowed from the northern sector. No clear time

  5. SOURCE APPORTIONMENT OF PM2.5 IN SEATTLE, WA URBAN IMPROVE SITE: COMPARISON OF THREE RECEPTOR MODELS AND SOURCE PROFILES

    Science.gov (United States)

    IMPROVE protocol data were collected at the urban Beacon Hill monitoring site in Seattle, WA from 1996-99. The 289 sets of PM2.5 filters were analyzed for: metals using PIXIE and XRF, anions using ion chromatography, elemental hydrogen (H) by proton scattering, and elemental an...

  6. Online: a program to display histograms and control monitor processes on the WA62 VAX data acquisition system at CERN

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    ONLINE is a program which can be launched from any terminal on the WA62 experiment's DEC VAX 11/780 computer when the Native mode data acquisition system is running. It is used to display histograms produced by the various experiment monitor processes running under the system and can establish links with such processes to allow the user to issue monitor commands and change internal monitor process parameters. This report describes the criteria used in the design of ONLINE and shows some of the features of the VAX/VMS Operating System which are used to access histograms produced by monitor processes, to establish communications links with monitor processes and to provide the user with an easy to learn system for the examination of online experimental data in a graphical form. Also given, is a brief account of the way monitor processes are structured and how this structure facilitates user-monitor dialogue. (author)

  7. Discriminant analysis of farmers adoption of improved maize varieties in Wa Municipality, Upper West Region of Ghana.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Alhassan, Abukari; Salifu, Hussein; Adebanji, Atinuke O

    2016-01-01

    This study employed the quadratic classification function analysis to examine the influence of farmer's socio-demographic and varietal characteristics of maize on adoption of improved maize varieties (IMVs) in the Wa Municipality of the Upper West region of Ghana. The results showed that, farm labour, information availability about the variety, weed resistance, low yielding variety, early maturity and water stress resistance are the major discriminating variables in classifying farmers in the Municipality. The study however revealed that maize experience, low yield, information availability and cost of variety were the most influential discriminating variables between adopters and non-adopters of IMVs. The study recommended the need to improve on the level of farmers' education, ensure steady access to extension services and improvement in varietal characteristics identified in the study. PMID:27652087

  8. Al-‘Adl wa-l-Ihsan in Spain: A National Project for an Islamic Transnational Movement?

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Arigita, Elena

    2010-06-01

    Full Text Available The author examines recent developments in Muslim associations of Spain established by Moroccan immigrants linked to the Islamic movement al-‘Adl wa-l-Ihsan (Justice and Spirituality. By analyzing the discourse of an emerging leadership of this movement, she seeks to understand how the political commitment and spiritual bond of these activists with the Moroccan Guide both incorporate and rework elements from the dominant discourse on the necessary adaptation of Islam to Spain. Based on in-depth interviews with these leaders, she explores how the Movement’s commitment to Morocco as well as the ummah (Universal Community of Believers interact with the way these muslims perceive and position themselves in the national context of Spain.

    Se examina en este ensayo la evolución reciente de las asociaciones musulmanas en España creadas por inmigrantes marroquíes vinculados al movimiento islámico al-‘Adl wa-l-Ihsan (Justicia y Espiritualidad. Partiendo de las declaraciones de un liderazgo emergente de este movimiento en España, la autora trata de explicar cómo el compromiso político de estas personas y el vínculo espiritual con su Guía marroquí incorporan, al tiempo que reelaboran, elementos del discurso dominante sobre la necesaria adaptación del islam a España. Entrevistas en profundidad con estos activistas revelan cómo los lazos del Movimiento con Marruecos y con la umma (Comunidad universal de creyentes interactúan con el modo en el que estos musulmanes perciben y se posicionan en el contexto nacional de España.

  9. The formation of Nv Wa faith circle in She county of Hebei%河北涉县地区女娲信仰圈的形成

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    常玉荣

    2015-01-01

    信仰圈的形成是某一大神在一定区域内影响力的标志,也是俗民神灵信仰的组织结构方式。女娲是涉县地区的主神。涉县全境存在着大小不同的以“社”为单位的祭祀女娲的组织,具备了信仰圈形成的五个基本要素,最终以中皇山娲皇宫为核心形成了女娲信仰圈。女娲信仰圈的存在说明女娲自古至今在当地对于百姓日常生活的全方位的影响,百姓最终将女娲看作是“天地全神”。%The formation of faith circle is both the symbol of the influence of a great god in a certain area and the organizational structure mode of folks’faith to god. Nv Wa is the main god in She County. There are various sacrifice organizations to Nv Wa with their local name—She in She County which has possessed the five basic factors to form a faith circle, and finally the Nv Wa faith circle formed, taking Wahuang Palace in Mount Zhonghuang as its core. The existence of Nv Wa faith circle shows the all-round influence on the daily life of the local people in all ages. Eventually, people regard Nv Wa as“God of heaven and earth”.

  10. Luise Millerin und Ne'mat - die weiblichen Hauptfiguren von "Kabale und Liebe" und "Afwah wa Araneb" im Vergleich

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Rascha Muhammad ‘OrabiRasch ‘Abdel ‘Aziz Muhammad ‘Orabi

    2013-10-01

    Full Text Available Dieser Beitrag  verfolgt  das Ziel, die weibliche Hauptfigur im deutschen Drama "Kabale und Liebe" und im arabischen Drama "Afwah wa Araneb" zu charakterisieren und miteinander zu vergleichen. Dabei werden die inneren sowie die zwischenmenschlichen Konflikte dieser beiden Frauen aufgezeigt und verglichen. Es macht sich bemerkbar, wie ähnlich die Schicksale der beiden weiblichen Hauptfiguren sind, die nach den Wertvorstellungen des Vaters oder des Familienoberhauptes leben müssen. Sie können als Musterbeispiele für die damalige Männerherrschaft angesehen werden. Männerherrschaft und Ungleichwertigkeit der Geschlechter - ein Thema, das unser modernes Leben noch immer beschäftigt. Darüber hinaus möchte ich beweisen, dass sich ein vollständiges Bild nur dann ergibt, wenn bei der Betrachtung alle Komponenten, politische, soziologische, psychologische sowie theologische, als Einheit berücksichtigt werden, wobei Luise und Ne'mat jeweils im Blickpunkt stehen sollen. Die gesellschaftliche Funktion des Dramas besteht in der Änderung der Gesellschaft durch Literatur und Drama. Die Untersuchung geht davon aus, dass beide Dramen als literarische Unterstützung der Emanzipation der bürgerlichen oder bäuerlichen Frau betrachtet werden sollen. Beide Dramen passen in jede Zeit. Unseren Jugendlichen sind die damaligen Probleme heute nicht fremd. Zu Zeiten Luises und Ne'mats hofft die junge Generation auf das Ende des Absolutismus, die Auflösung der Standesunterschiede und die Verwirklichung der sozialen Gerechtigkeit. Im arabischen Frühling spielen die Jugendlichen in Ägypten die Hauptrolle bei dem Sturz des diktatorischen Regimes von Husni Mubarak. Sie fordern auch Freiheit, Würde und soziale Gerechtigkeit. Diese Generationenkonflikte gibt es schon immer und wird es immer geben. Sie sind eine wesentliche Voraussetzung für Veränderung und Entwicklung. Schlagwörter: Interkulturalität, Komparatistik, "Kabale und Liebe", "Afwah wa Araneb

  11. Information Structure and the Premise of Japanese "Wa" and "Ga"%信息结构与日语[は]和[か]的使用前提

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    关春影; 余弦

    2012-01-01

    "Wa" and "Ga" can both be the subject of a sentence, but they have different premises. According to the grammar of Japanese, the subject is "Wa" when an interrogative word is used as predicate in an interrogative sentence, and "Wa" is used as the subject in the answer. When the premise is different, "Ga" is used as the subject. When the subject is an interrogative word, "Ga" is used, and the same in the answer. Based on different premises, the subject can be either "Wa" or "Ga" in an interrogative sentence without an interrogative word. To answer an interrogative sentence without an interrogative word, "Wa" is used in a positive answer. When the premise is different, "Ga" is used. When answering an interrogative sentence with "Ga", the subject is "Ga" for positive and "Wa" for negative answers. In non-interrogative sentences, "Wa" and "Ga" are used on the premise of an interrogative sentence with an interrogative word. The speaker assumes that the listener is using an interrogative sentence with an interrogative word to raise a question. If the interrogative word is the predicate, "Wa" is used. If the interrogative word is the subject, "Ga" is used. This rule in Japanese grammar can be explained by looking from the angle of information structure.%日语[は]和[か]在句中都可表示主语,但它们的使用前提却不同。日语规定,在疑问词疑问句中,疑问词作谓语等时主语用[は],回答时主语也用[は],有时用[か];疑问词作主语时主语用[か],回答时主语也用[か]。在非疑问词疑问句中,主语既可用[は]也可用[か]。回答用[は]提问的句子时,肯定用[は]或[か],否定用[は];回答用[か]提问的句子时,肯定用[か],否定用[は]。在非疑问句中,[は]和[か]的使用通常是以疑问词疑问句为前提的,说话人假设听话人用疑问词疑问句提出问题,如果疑问词在谓语等则使用[は],在主语则使用[か]。日语这种

  12. PUBATHG - ArcInfo GRID format of the 2001 multibeam echo-sounder data collected in the Puyallup River delta, Puget Sound (Tacoma), Washington from Field Activity: R-1-01-WA

    Data.gov (United States)

    U.S. Geological Survey, Department of the Interior — ArcInfo GRID format bathymetry data generated from the 2001 multibeam sonar survey the major deltas of southern Puget Sound (Tacoma), WA., including Nisqually,...

  13. NIBATHG - ArcInfo GRID format of the 2001 multibeam echo-sounder data collected in the Nisqually Delta, Puget Sound, Washington from Field Activity: R-1-01-WA

    Data.gov (United States)

    U.S. Geological Survey, Department of the Interior — ArcInfo GRID format bathymetry data generated from the 2001 multibeam sonar survey the major deltas of southern Puget Sound, WA., including Nisqually, Puyallup, and...

  14. DUBATHG - ArcInfo GRID format of the 2001 multibeam echo-sounder data collected in the Duwamish River Delta, Puget Sound (Seattle), Washington from Field Activity: R-1-01-WA

    Data.gov (United States)

    U.S. Geological Survey, Department of the Interior — ArcInfo GRID format bathymetry data generated from the 2001 multibeam sonar survey the major deltas of southern Puget Sound, WA., including Nisqually, Puyallup, and...

  15. 佤族木鼓原始用途考析%An Exploration and Analysis of the Original Use of the Wooden Drum of the Wa People

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    梅英

    2012-01-01

    As far as the original use of the wooden drum of the Wa People is concerned,scholars have proposed such varied opinions as its being a war warning instrument,a Buddhist musical instrument,a civil musical instrument,or a totem worshipping instrument.Synthesizing the current research results of the drum culture,the wooden drum of the Wa People,and the facts of the social and historical development of the Wa people,and according to the universal law of the development of things,we can draw the conclusion that the above mentioned uses of the wooden drum of the Wa People are supposed to be diachronic rather than synchronic,and of all the uses,its use as a war warning instrument is supposed to be original.%对于佤族木鼓的原始用途,目前学者持有警器说、法器说、乐器说、崇拜之物说等几种各异的观点。综合目前佤族木鼓研究成果、鼓文化研究成果以及佤族社会历史发展纪实,再根据事物发展普遍规律,佤族木鼓上述用途应是一种历时性而非共时性存在。在所有用途中,战争之用的警器应是其最原始的用途。

  16. The Empowerment of Women: An Investigation of the Contributions of Ushirika wa Neema Deaconess Centre in the Evangelical Lutheran Church in Tanzania – Northern Diocese.

    OpenAIRE

    2013-01-01

    The main aim of this thesis is to explore how Ushirika wa Neema Deaconess Centre contributes to the empowerment of women in the ELCT-Northern Diocese and fosters gender awareness in the church and community. It also explores challenges which the deaconesses face in the Chagga patriarchal society. The collection of data was based mostly on semi-structured interviews. People were interviewed orally using some questions to guide the interviews. An interview schedule was prepared with a list ...

  17. A Phonic Study on Errors Made by Wa Students during Chinese Tone Acquisition%佤族汉语声调习得偏误声学研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张鹏

    2011-01-01

    This thesis focuses on case studies by means of experimental phonetics,through which a research concerning the errors made by Wa students in learning tones of Mandarin single characters has been conducted from the perspective of tonal duration,range,shape and pitch value.According to the research findings,the degree of difficulty for Wa students to acquire the correct pitch values of the Chinese single characters reduces based on this sequence: the 1st tone,the 2nd tone,the 3rd tone,and then the 4th tone.These mistakes occurred are related to some factors such as Wa students′ mother tongue,tones of Chinese dialects,learning strategies and teaching materials etc.To solve the problem,five principles and six steps,together with flexible teaching techniques are proposed in response to the reality of tone errors made by Wa students in learning Chinese.%通过个案研究,运用实验语音学的方法,对佤族普通话单字音节声调中的时长、调域、调型和调值偏误研究分析发现:佤族学生习得汉语普通话单字音四声音高调值的难易顺序为:阳平〉上声〉去声〉阴平;这些偏误习得主要与母语、汉语方言声调、学习策略、教材与教学等因素有关。据此,应根据佤族学生汉语声调偏误实际情况,遵循5个原则和6个步骤并灵活运用教学设计和技巧。

  18. High therapeutic efficacy of Cathelicidin-WA against postweaning diarrhea via inhibiting inflammation and enhancing epithelial barrier in the intestine

    Science.gov (United States)

    Yi, Hongbo; Zhang, Lin; Gan, Zhenshun; Xiong, Haitao; Yu, Caihua; Du, Huahua; Wang, Yizhen

    2016-01-01

    Diarrhea is a leading cause of death among young mammals, especially during weaning. Here, we investigated the effects of Cathelicidin-WA (CWA) on diarrhea, intestinal morphology, inflammatory responses, epithelial barrier and microbiota in the intestine of young mammals during weaning. Piglets with clinical diarrhea were selected and treated with saline (control), CWA or enrofloxacin (Enro) for 4 days. Both CWA and Enro effectively attenuated diarrhea. Compared with the control, CWA decreased IL-6, IL-8 and IL-22 levels and reduced neutrophil infiltration into the jejunum. CWA inhibited inflammation by down-regulating the TLR4-, MyD88- and NF-κB-dependent pathways. Additionally, CWA improved intestinal morphology by increasing villus and microvillus heights and enhancing intestinal barrier function by increasing tight junction (TJ) protein expression and augmenting wound-healing ability in intestinal epithelial cells. CWA also improved microbiota composition and increased short-chain fatty acid (SCFA) levels in feces. By contrast, Enro not only disrupted the intestinal barrier but also negatively affected microbiota composition and SCFA levels in the intestine. In conclusion, CWA effectively attenuated inflammation, enhanced intestinal barrier function, and improved microbiota composition in the intestines of weaned piglets. These results suggest that CWA could be an effective and safe therapy for diarrhea or other intestinal diseases in young mammals. PMID:27181680

  19. 翁丁佤族原始村落文化对建筑的影响%Influence of Wengding Wa Original Village Culture on the Building

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张雯

    2015-01-01

    China is a multinational country, and each nation has its own irreplaceable cultural beliefs and traditions, as well as its own architectural features. Wengding Village retains the original residential building style and original customs of Wa nationality. It is by far the most well preserved original gregarious village. Through exploring the original Wa village culture, analyzing the Wa architectural forms, interior space and construct ways, this article clarifies that the village culture has certain impact on the construction and development of the building.%我国是一个多民族融合的国家,每个民族有各自不可替代的文化信仰和传统,也有各自的建筑特征,翁丁寨保留了原始佤族民居建筑风格和原始佤族风土人情,是迄今为止保存最为完好的原始群居村落。文章通过探寻佤族原始村落的文化,分析佤族的建筑形式、室内空间以及建构方式,阐明村落文化对建筑的建造和发展有一定的影响。

  20. Cloning, expression, purification, crystallization and preliminary X-ray diffraction analysis of the VP8* carbohydrate-binding protein of the human rotavirus strain Wa

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Kraschnefski, Mark J.; Scott, Stacy A. [Institute for Glycomics, Griffith University (Gold Coast Campus), PMB 50 Gold Coast Mail Centre, Queensland 9726 (Australia); Holloway, Gavan; Coulson, Barbara S.; Itzstein, Mark von [Department of Microbiology and Immunology, The University of Melbourne, Victoria 3010 (Australia); Blanchard, Helen, E-mail: h.blanchard@griffith.edu.au [Institute for Glycomics, Griffith University (Gold Coast Campus), PMB 50 Gold Coast Mail Centre, Queensland 9726 (Australia)

    2005-11-01

    The carbohydrate-binding component (VP8*{sub 64–223}) of the human Wa rotavirus spike protein has been overexpressed in E. coli, purified and crystallized in two different crystal forms. X-ray diffraction data have been collected that have enabled determination of the Wa VP8*{sub 64–223} structure by molecular replacement. Rotaviruses exhibit host-specificity and the first crystallographic information on a rotavirus strain that infects humans is reported here. Recognition and attachment to host cells, leading to invasion and infection, is critically linked to the function of the outer capsid spike protein of the rotavirus particle. In some strains the VP8* component of the spike protein is implicated in recognition and binding of sialic-acid-containing cell-surface carbohydrates, thereby enabling infection by the virus. The cloning, expression, purification, crystallization and initial X-ray diffraction analysis of the VP8* core from human Wa rotavirus is reported. Two crystal forms (trigonal P3{sub 2}21 and monoclinic P2{sub 1}) have been obtained and X-ray diffraction data have been collected, enabling determination of the VP8*{sub 64–223} structure by molecular replacement.

  1. j399sf.m77t and j399sf.h77t: MGD77T data and header files for single-beam bathymetry data for field activity J-3-99-SF in Grizzly Bay, San Francisco Bay from 11/08/1999 to 11/18/1999

    Data.gov (United States)

    U.S. Geological Survey, Department of the Interior — Single-beam bathymetry data along with DGPS navigation data was collected as part of the U.S. Geological Survey cruise J-3-99-SF. The cruise was conducted in...

  2. [Research of potentially linked variation of polymorphism of chromosome DNA in aspect of forensic expertise using molecular-genetic individualizing systems CD4, vWA and vWFII].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ivanov, P L; Zemskova, E Iu; Turakulov, R I; Efremov, I A

    2005-01-01

    Investigated within the case study are parameters of disbalance of lineage (HC) for 4 micro-satellite locuses of human genome: LPL, CD4, vWA and vWFII. The above locuses are widely used, both in Russia and abroad, in molecular-genetic applications for personality identification. Meanwhile, according to cytogenetics criteria, CD4, vWA and vWFII, are located close to each other in the telomeric region 12pter-12p12 in the short chromosome 12 arm, therefore their potential genetic interdependence is still a topical issue. We found a reliable HC between locuses vWA and vWFII. Locus CD4 did not display HC with locuses vWA and vWFII or with locus LPL. The latter, which is located in chromosome 8 and which must have been negative control for HC, was shown to have no HC with any of the studied markers. Such results correlate well with data on the relative physical localization of CD4, vWA, vWFII and LPL. Multiplication of frequency of alleles (genotypes) is not acceptable in typing locuses vWA and vWFII within one multi-locus panel due to the genetic linkage of these markers demonstrated within the present case study, which is an important practical conclusion.

  3. Project AProWa: a national view on managing trade-offs between agricultural production and conservation of aquatic ecosystems

    Science.gov (United States)

    Dietzel, Anne; Rahn, Eric; Stamm, Christian

    2014-05-01

    Swiss agriculture is legally committed to fulfill several, partially conflicting goals such as agricultural production on the one hand and the conservation of natural resources on the other hand. In the context of the research project AProWa ("Agricultural Production and Water"), the relationships between the production aspect and the conservation of aquatic ecosystems is analyzed with a holistic approach. Agricultural production and the protection of water resources have high potential for conflicts: Farmers use ground and surface water to irrigate their fields. On the other hand, drainage systems enable the production on otherwise unfavorably wet soils. These in turn often affect ground water recharge and divert precipitation directly into surface waters, which changes their hydrological regime. Typically, drainage systems also elevate the input of nutrients and pesticides into the water bodies. In general, applied fertilizers, plant protection products, veterinary drugs and phytohormones of cultivated plants are introduced into the ground and surface waters through different processes such as drift, leaching, runoff, preferential flow or erosion. They influence the nutrient cycles and ecological health of aquatic systems. The nutrient and pesticide loss processes themselves can be altered by tillage operations and other agricultural practices. Furthermore, the competition for space can lead to additional conflicts between agriculture and the protection of aquatic ecosystems. For example, channelized or otherwise morphologically changed rivers do not have a natural discharge pattern and are often not suitable for the local flora and fauna; but naturally meandering rivers need space that cannot be used for agriculture. In a highly industrialized and densely populated country like Switzerland, all these potential conflicts are of importance. Although it is typically seen as a water-rich country, local and seasonal overexploitation of rivers through water extraction

  4. Sunlight-induced inactivation of human Wa and porcine OSU rotaviruses in the presence of exogenous photosensitizers

    KAUST Repository

    Romero-Maraccini, Ofelia C.

    2013-10-01

    Human rotavirus Wa and porcine rotavirus OSU solutions were irradiated with simulated solar UV and visible light in the presence of different photosensitizers dissolved in buffered solutions. For human rotavirus, the exogenous effects were greater than the endogenous effects under irradiation with full spectrum and UVA and visible light at 25 C. For porcine rotavirus, the exogenous effects with UVA and visible light irradiation were only observed at high temperatures, >40 C. The results from dark experiments conducted at different temperatures suggest that porcine rotavirus has higher thermostability than human rotavirus. Concentrations of 3′-MAP excited triplet states of 1.8 fM and above resulted in significant human rotavirus inactivation. The measured excited triplet state concentrations of ≤0.45 fM produced by UVA and visible light irradiation of natural dissolved organic matter solutions were likely not directly responsible for rotavirus inactivation. Instead, the linear correlation for human rotavirus inactivation rate constant (kobs) with the phenol degradation rate constant (kexp) found in both 1 mM NaHCO3 and 1 mM phosphate-buffered solutions suggested that OH radical was a major reactive species for the exogenous inactivation of rotaviruses. Linear correlations between rotavirus kobs and specific UV254 nm absorbance of two river-dissolved organic matter and two effluent organic matter isolates indicated that organic matter aromaticity may help predict formation of radicals responsible for rotavirus inactivation. The results from this study also suggested that the differences in rotavirus strains should be considered when predicting solar inactivation of rotavirus in sunlit surface waters. © 2013 American Chemical Society.

  5. Comparative genomic analysis of genogroup 1 (Wa-like) rotaviruses circulating in the USA, 2006-2009.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Roy, Sunando; Esona, Mathew D; Kirkness, Ewen F; Akopov, Asmik; McAllen, J Kyle; Wikswo, Mary E; Cortese, Margaret M; Payne, Daniel C; Parashar, Umesh D; Gentsch, Jon R; Bowen, Michael D

    2014-12-01

    Group A rotaviruses (RVA) are double stranded RNA viruses that are a significant cause of acute pediatric gastroenteritis. Beginning in 2006 and 2008, respectively, two vaccines, Rotarix™ and RotaTeq®, have been approved for use in the USA for prevention of RVA disease. The effects of possible vaccine pressure on currently circulating strains in the USA and their genome constellations are still under investigation. In this study we report 33 complete RVA genomes (ORF regions) collected in multiple cities across USA during 2006-2009, including 8 collected from children with verified receipt of 3 doses of rotavirus vaccine. The strains included 16 G1P[8], 10 G3P[8], and 7 G9P[8]. All 33 strains had a Wa like backbone with the consensus genotype constellation of G(1/3/9)-P[8]-I1-R1-C1-M1-A1-N1-T1-E1-H1. From maximum likelihood based phylogenetic analyses, we identified 3-7 allelic constellations grouped mostly by respective G types, suggesting a possible allelic segregation based on the VP7 gene of RVA, primarily for the G3 and G9 strains. The vaccine failure strains showed similar grouping for all genes in G9 strains and most genes of G3 strains suggesting that these constellations were necessary to evade vaccine-derived immune protection. Substitutions in the antigenic region of VP7 and VP4 genes were also observed for the vaccine failure strains which could possibly explain how these strains escape vaccine induced immune response. This study helps elucidate how RVA strains are currently evolving in the population post vaccine introduction and supports the need for continued RVA surveillance. PMID:25301114

  6. Comparative Genomic Analysis of Genogroup 1 (Wa-like) Rotaviruses circulating in the USA, 2006 – 2009

    Science.gov (United States)

    Roy, Sunando; Esona, Mathew D.; Kirkness, Ewen F.; Akopov, Asmik; McAllen, J. Kyle; Wikswo, Mary; Cortese, Margaret M.; Payne, Daniel C.; Parashar, Umesh; Gentsch, Jon R.; Bowen, Michael D.

    2015-01-01

    Group A Rotaviruses (RVA) are double stranded RNA viruses that are a significant cause of acute pediatric gastroenteritis. Beginning in 2006 and 2008, respectively, two vaccines, Rotarix™ and RotaTeq®, have been approved for use in the USA for prevention of RVA disease. The effects of possible vaccine pressure on currently circulating strains in the USA and their genome constellations are still under investigation. In this study we report 33 complete RVA genomes (ORF regions) collected in multiple cities across USA during 2006 – 2009, including 8 collected from children with verified receipt of 3 doses of rotavirus vaccine. The strains included 16 G1P[8], 10 G3P[8], and 7 G9P[8]. All 33 strains had a Wa like backbone with the consensus genotype constellation of G(1/3/9)-P[8]-I1-R1-C1-M1-A1-N1-T1-E1-H1. From maximum likelihood based phylogenetic analyses, we identified 3 to7 allelic constellations grouped mostly by respective G types, suggesting a possible allelic segregation based on the VP7 gene of RVA primarily for the G3 and G9 strains. The vaccine failure strains showed similar grouping for all genes in G9 strains and most genes of G3 strains suggesting that these constellations were necessary to evade vaccine-derived immune protection. Substitutions in the antigenic region of VP7 and VP4 genes were also observed for the vaccine failure strains which could possibly explain how these strains escape vaccine induced immune response. This study helps elucidate how RVA strains are currently evolving in the population post vaccine introduction and supports the need for continued RVA surveillance. PMID:25301114

  7. Modeling the spatial distribution of landslide-prone colluvium and shallow groundwater on hillslopes of Seattle, WA

    Science.gov (United States)

    Schulz, W.H.; Lidke, D.J.; Godt, J.W.

    2008-01-01

    Landslides in partially saturated colluvium on Seattle, WA, hillslopes have resulted in property damage and human casualties. We developed statistical models of colluvium and shallow-groundwater distributions to aid landslide hazard assessments. The models were developed using a geographic information system, digital geologic maps, digital topography, subsurface exploration results, the groundwater flow modeling software VS2DI and regression analyses. Input to the colluvium model includes slope, distance to a hillslope-crest escarpment, and escarpment slope and height. We developed different statistical relations for thickness of colluvium on four landforms. Groundwater model input includes colluvium basal slope and distance from the Fraser aquifer. This distance was used to estimate hydraulic conductivity based on the assumption that addition of finer-grained material from down-section would result in lower conductivity. Colluvial groundwater is perched so we estimated its saturated thickness. We used VS2DI to establish relations between saturated thickness and the hydraulic conductivity and basal slope of the colluvium. We developed different statistical relations for three groundwater flow regimes. All model results were validated using observational data that were excluded from calibration. Eighty percent of colluvium thickness predictions were within 25% of observed values and 88% of saturated thickness predictions were within 20% of observed values. The models are based on conditions common to many areas, so our method can provide accurate results for similar regions; relations in our statistical models require calibration for new regions. Our results suggest that Seattle landslides occur in native deposits and colluvium, ultimately in response to surface-water erosion of hillstope toes. Regional groundwater conditions do not appear to strongly affect the general distribution of Seattle landslides; historical landslides were equally dispersed within and

  8. Arterial roads and area socioeconomic status are predictors of fast food restaurant density in King County, WA

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Streichert Laura C

    2009-07-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background Fast food restaurants reportedly target specific populations by locating in lower-income and in minority neighborhoods. Physical proximity to fast food restaurants has been associated with higher obesity rates. Objective To examine possible associations, at the census tract level, between area demographics, arterial road density, and fast food restaurant density in King County, WA, USA. Methods Data on median household incomes, property values, and race/ethnicity were obtained from King County and from US Census data. Fast food restaurant addresses were obtained from Public Health-Seattle & King County and were geocoded. Fast food density was expressed per tract unit area and per capita. Arterial road density was a measure of vehicular and pedestrian access. Multivariate logistic regression models containing both socioeconomic status and road density were used in data analyses. Results Over one half (53.1% of King County census tracts had at least one fast food restaurant. Mean network distance from dwelling units to a fast food restaurant countywide was 1.40 km, and 1.07 km for census tracts containing at least one fast food restaurant. Fast food restaurant density was significantly associated in regression models with low median household income (p Conclusion No significant association was observed between census tract minority status and fast food density in King County. Although restaurant density was linked to low household incomes, that effect was attenuated by arterial road density. Fast food restaurants in King County are more likely to be located in lower income neighborhoods and higher traffic areas.

  9. Arterial roads and area socioeconomic status are predictors of fast food restaurant density in King County, WA

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hurvitz, Philip M; Moudon, Anne V; Rehm, Colin D; Streichert, Laura C; Drewnowski, Adam

    2009-01-01

    Background Fast food restaurants reportedly target specific populations by locating in lower-income and in minority neighborhoods. Physical proximity to fast food restaurants has been associated with higher obesity rates. Objective To examine possible associations, at the census tract level, between area demographics, arterial road density, and fast food restaurant density in King County, WA, USA. Methods Data on median household incomes, property values, and race/ethnicity were obtained from King County and from US Census data. Fast food restaurant addresses were obtained from Public Health-Seattle & King County and were geocoded. Fast food density was expressed per tract unit area and per capita. Arterial road density was a measure of vehicular and pedestrian access. Multivariate logistic regression models containing both socioeconomic status and road density were used in data analyses. Results Over one half (53.1%) of King County census tracts had at least one fast food restaurant. Mean network distance from dwelling units to a fast food restaurant countywide was 1.40 km, and 1.07 km for census tracts containing at least one fast food restaurant. Fast food restaurant density was significantly associated in regression models with low median household income (p < 0.001) and high arterial road density (p < 0.001) but not with percent of residents who were nonwhite. Conclusion No significant association was observed between census tract minority status and fast food density in King County. Although restaurant density was linked to low household incomes, that effect was attenuated by arterial road density. Fast food restaurants in King County are more likely to be located in lower income neighborhoods and higher traffic areas. PMID:19630979

  10. Exploring Land use and Land cover change in the mining areas of Wa East District, Ghana using Satellite Imagery

    Science.gov (United States)

    Basommi, Prosper Laari; Guan, Qingfeng; Cheng, Dandan

    2015-11-01

    Satellite imagery has been widely used to monitor the extent of environmental change in both mine and post mine areas. This study uses Remote sensing and Geographical Information System techniques for the assessment of land use/land cover dynamics of mine related areas in Wa East District of Ghana. Landsat satellite imageries of three different time periods, i.e., 1991, 2000 and 2014 were used to quantify the land use/cover changes in the area. Supervised Classification using Maximum Likelihood Technique in ERDAS was utilized. The images were categorized into five different classes: Open Savannah, Closed Savannah, Bare Areas, Settlement and Water. Image differencing method of change detection was used to investigate the changes. Normalized Differential Vegetative Index valueswere used to correlate the state of healthy vegetation. The image differencing showed a positive correlation to the changes in the Land use and Land cover classes. NDVI values reduced from 0.48 to 0.11. The land use change matrix also showed conversion of savannah areas into bare ground and settlement. Open and close savannah reduced from 50.80% to 36.5% and 27.80% to 22.67% respectively whiles bare land and settlement increased. Overall accuracy of classified 2014 image and kappa statistics was 83.20% and 0.761 respectively. The study revealed the declining nature of the vegetation and the significance of using satellite imagery. A higher resolution satellite Imagery is however needed to satisfactorily delineate mine areas from other bare areas in such Savannah zones.

  11. Life cycle assessment of forecasting scenarios for urban water management: A first implementation of the WaLA model on Paris suburban area.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Loubet, Philippe; Roux, Philippe; Guérin-Schneider, Laetitia; Bellon-Maurel, Véronique

    2016-03-01

    A framework and an associated modeling tool to perform life cycle assessment (LCA) of urban water system, namely the WaLA model, has been recently developed. In this paper, the WaLA model is applied to a real case study: the urban water system of the Paris suburban area, in France. It aims to verify the capacity of the model to provide environmental insights to stakeholder's issues related to future trends influencing the system (e.g., evolution of water demand, increasing water scarcity) or policy responses (e.g., choices of water resources and technologies). This is achieved by evaluating a baseline scenario for 2012 and several forecasting scenarios for 2022 and 2050. The scenarios are designed through the modeling tool WaLA, which is implemented in Simulink/Matlab: it combines components representing the different technologies, users and resources of the UWS. The life cycle inventories of the technologies and users components include water quantity and quality changes, specific operation (electricity, chemicals) and infrastructures data (construction materials). The methods selected for the LCIA are midpoint ILCD, midpoint water deprivation impacts at the sub-river basin scale, and endpoint Impact 2002+. The results of the baseline scenario show that wastewater treatment plants have the highest impacts compared to drinking water production and distribution, as traditionally encountered in LCA of UWS. The results of the forecasting scenarios show important changes in water deprivation impacts due to water management choices or effects of climate change. They also enable to identify tradeoffs with other impact categories and to compare several scenarios. It suggests the capacity of the model to deliver information for decision making about future policies.

  12. Extending the Coyote emulator to dark energy models with standard $w_0$-$w_a$ parametrization of the equation of state

    OpenAIRE

    L Casarini; Bonometto, S. A.; Tessarotto, E.; Corasaniti, P.-S.

    2016-01-01

    We discuss an extension of the Coyote emulator to predict non-linear matter power spectra of dark energy (DE) models with a scale factor dependent equation of state of the form w = w_0 + ( 1 - a )w_a . The extension is based on the mapping rule between non-linear spectra of DE models with constant equation of state and those with time varying one originally introduced in ref. [25]. Using a series of N-body simulations we show that the spectral equivalence is accurate to sub-percent level acro...

  13. Strange particle production p-Be, p-Pb, Pb-Pb at 158 A GeV/c (WA97 experiment)

    CERN Document Server

    Antinori, Federico; Beusch, Werner; Bloodworth, Ian J; Caliandro, R; Carrer, N; Di Bari, D; Di Liberto, S; Elia, D; Evans, D; Fanebust, K; Fini, R A; Ftácnik, J; Ghidini, B; Grella, G; Helstrup, H; Holme, A K; Huss, D; Jacholkowski, A; Jones, G T; Kinson, J B; Knudson, K; Králik, I; Lenti, V; Lietava, R; Loconsole, R A; Løvhøiden, G; Manzari, V; Mazzoni, M A; Meddi, F; Michalon, A; Michalon-Mentzer, M E; Morando, M; Norman, P I; Pastircák, B; Quercigh, Emanuele; Romano, G; Safarík, K; Sándor, L; Segato, G F; Staroba, P; Thompson, M; Thorsteinsen, T F; Torrieri, G D; Tveter, T S; Urbán, J; Villalobos Baillie, O; Virgili, T; Votruba, M F; Závada, P

    2001-01-01

    The CERN experiment WA97, which studies strange particle production at central rapidity in Pb-Pb, p-Pb, p-Be collisions at 158 A GeV/c, has already reported a pronounced enhancement of hyperon production. This is considered as a sensitive signature for a phase transition to a new state of matter-the quark gluon plasma (QGP). A comprehensive study, including the most recent results, of yields and transverse mass spectra of K/sub S//sup 0/, Lambda , Xi /sup -/, Omega /sup -/ (and antiparticles) and negative particles as a function of the number of nucleons participating in the collisions is presented. (11 refs).

  14. 小波分析和支持向量机组合法预测应急血液需求研究%Research on WA-SVM Combined Method for Forecasting Blood Demand in Emergency Rescue

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    朱莎; 刘晓

    2013-01-01

    针对地震紧急救援阶段血液需求特点,提出用于预测其需求量的,基于小波分析(WA)和支持向量机(SVM)的组合方法(WA-SVM).首先对原始血液需求进行小波分析,然后确定SVM输入向量和输出向量集合,构建各层序列的SVM预测模型,对血液需求进行预测.汶川地震案例表明,该方法的预测精度优于经验模态分解和SVM的组合预测模型以及SVM单项预测模型.%A combined method of WA and SVM was worked out for forecasting the blood demand in emergency rescue after earthquake.The sample demand series was first mapped into several different frequency scales using wavelet transformation,and then a SVM is established for each scale.The WA-SVM forecasting method was then used to forecast blood demand in emergency rescue taking a case in Wenchuan earthquake as an example.The forecasting results indicate that the WA-SVM forecasting method has better performance both in accuracy and applicability in comparison with the empirical mode decomposition (EMD)-SVM combined method,and SVM method.

  15. Proyecto Vidas paralelas indígena: revelando el pueblo Piratapuia / Waíkhana del Amazonas, Brasil.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Evelyn NERY

    2012-03-01

    Full Text Available Este relato de experiencia se refiere al grupo étnico Piratapuia o Waíkhana, que habita el noroccidente del Estado del Amazonas en el Brasil. En este caso, se aborda más especificamente el componente de ese grupo étnico residiendo en el municipio de Santa Isabel do Rio Negro. Se relata la historia del pueblo Saúde Indígena Tempus - Actas de Saúde Coletiva Revista Tempus Actas de Saúde Coletiva 80 Piratapuia más especificamente al componente de ese grupo étnico, en el municipio de Santa Isabel do Rio Negro. Se relata la historia del grupo étnico haciendo énfasis en su migración a partir del Alto Rio Negro para el curso medio del mismo, la influência de la misión saleciana y de la invasión de los buscadores de oro (garimpeiros, así como la convivencia con otras etnias (tukano y yanomami, entre otras. Son mostrados también detalles de la organización social que incluye la estrutura de clanes con sus jerarquías. Se describen las distintas asociaciones indígenas de la región que consiguieron forjar una conciencia en la población del municipío, en donde actualmente 90,0% se asume como perteneciente a grupos étnicos indígenas. Con respecto a la cultura, se detacan las prácticas de cura y auto-cuidado proporcionadas por los “benzederos”. La estructura de sanidad pertenece al polo de Sta. Isabel, con un hospital y una unidad básica de salud, siendo que el Distrito Especial Indígena de Salud fue ampliado para garantizar la cobertura al medio Rio Negro. Sin embargo, se señalan las dificultades generadas por las enormes distancias de desplazamiento.

  16. At WA9

    CERN Multimedia

    1977-01-01

    The Clermont-Ferrand-Leningrad-Lyon- Uppsala Collaboration set-up this experiment in the H3 beam of the West Hall for a high precision study of elastic scattering of negative pions on protons, in the Coulomb interference region, in the energy region between 30 and 140 GeV. Here, on the left, centre, the proton recoil spectrometer IKAR which consisted of a ionization chamber filled with hydrogen at 1000 kPa, the gas serving both as target and ionization medium. The experiment also included a forward MWPC spectrometer. On the right, Tord Ekelöf.

  17. Extending the Coyote emulator to dark energy models with standard $w_0$-$w_a$ parametrization of the equation of state

    CERN Document Server

    Casarini, L; Tessarotto, E; Corasaniti, P -S

    2016-01-01

    We discuss an extension of the Coyote emulator to predict non-linear matter power spectra of dark energy (DE) models with a scale factor dependent equation of state of the form w = w_0 + ( 1 - a )w_a . The extension is based on the mapping rule between non-linear spectra of DE models with constant equation of state and those with time varying one originally introduced in ref. [25]. Using a series of N-body simulations we show that the spectral equivalence is accurate to sub-percent level across the same range of modes and redshift covered by the Coyote suite. Thus, the extended emulator provides a very efficient and accurate tool to predict non-linear power spectra for DE models with w_0 - w_a parametrization. According to the same criteria we have developed a numerical code that we have implemented in a dedicated module for the CAMB code, that can be used in combination with the Coyote Emulator in likelihood analyses of non-linear matter power spectrum measurements. All codes can be found at https://github.c...

  18. Doença, cura e serviços de saúde. Representações, práticas e demandas Baníwa

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Garnelo Luiza

    2001-01-01

    Full Text Available A pesquisa foi realizada no Município de São Gabriel da Cachoeira, noroeste amazônico, junto ao povo indígena Baníwa, em parceria com as organizações indígenas, visando compreender a correlação entre a cosmologia do grupo, seu sistema de representações de doença e práticas de cura e sua dinâmica de transformação em situação de contato interétnico. O levantamento dos mitos explicativos da origem da doenças demonstrou a existência de diversas categorias tradicionais de doença que orientam as práticas tradicionais de cura e a incorporação dos saberes biomédicos. A cosmologia Baníwa opera como sistema de acolhimento das informações de biomedicina, que são apropriadas e ressignificadas segundo a lógica do pensamento mítico; estratégias cognitivas similares são utilizadas para a geração das demandas que as lideranças indígenas encaminham aos Conselhos de Saúde e Serviços de Saúde.

  19. Doença, cura e serviços de saúde. Representações, práticas e demandas Baníwa

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Luiza Garnelo

    2001-03-01

    Full Text Available A pesquisa foi realizada no Município de São Gabriel da Cachoeira, noroeste amazônico, junto ao povo indígena Baníwa, em parceria com as organizações indígenas, visando compreender a correlação entre a cosmologia do grupo, seu sistema de representações de doença e práticas de cura e sua dinâmica de transformação em situação de contato interétnico. O levantamento dos mitos explicativos da origem da doenças demonstrou a existência de diversas categorias tradicionais de doença que orientam as práticas tradicionais de cura e a incorporação dos saberes biomédicos. A cosmologia Baníwa opera como sistema de acolhimento das informações de biomedicina, que são apropriadas e ressignificadas segundo a lógica do pensamento mítico; estratégias cognitivas similares são utilizadas para a geração das demandas que as lideranças indígenas encaminham aos Conselhos de Saúde e Serviços de Saúde.

  20. Nisin Z Production by Lactococcus lactis subsp. cremoris WA2-67 of Aquatic Origin as a Defense Mechanism to Protect Rainbow Trout (Oncorhynchus mykiss, Walbaum) Against Lactococcus garvieae.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Araújo, Carlos; Muñoz-Atienza, Estefanía; Pérez-Sánchez, Tania; Poeta, Patrícia; Igrejas, Gilberto; Hernández, Pablo E; Herranz, Carmen; Ruiz-Zarzuela, Imanol; Cintas, Luis M

    2015-12-01

    Probiotics represent an alternative to chemotherapy and vaccination to control fish diseases, including lactococcosis caused by Lactococcus garvieae. The aims of this study were (i) to determine the in vitro probiotic properties of three bacteriocinogenic Lactococcus lactis subsp. cremoris of aquatic origin, (ii) to evaluate in vivo the ability of L. cremoris WA2-67 to protect rainbow trout (Oncorhynchus mykiss, Walbaum) against infection by L. garvieae, and (iii) to demonstrate the role of nisin Z (NisZ) production as an anti-infective mechanism. The three L. cremoris strains survived in freshwater at 18 °C for 7 days, withstood exposure to pH 3.0 and 10 % (v/v) rainbow trout bile, and showed different cell surface hydrophobicity (37.93-58.52 %). The wild-type NisZ-producer L. cremoris WA2-67 and its non-bacteriocinogenic mutant L. cremoris WA2-67 ∆nisZ were administered orally (10(6) CFU/g) to rainbow trout for 21 days and, subsequently, fish were challenged with L. garvieae CLG4 by the cohabitation method. The fish fed with the bacteriocinogenic strain L. cremoris WA2-67 reduced significantly (p < 0.01) the mortality (20 %) compared to the fish treated with its non-bacteriocinogenic knockout isogenic mutant (50 %) and the control (72.5 %). We demonstrated the effectiveness of L. cremoris WA2-67 to protect rainbow trout against infection with the invasive pathogen L. garvieae and the relevance of NisZ production as an anti-infective mechanism. This is the first report demonstrating the effective in vivo role of LAB bacteriocin (NisZ) production as a mechanism to protect fish against bacterial infection. Our results suggest that the wild-type NisZ-producer strain L. cremoris WA2-67 could be used in fish farming to prevent lactococcosis in rainbow trout.

  1. Prognosis of groundwater recharge by means of the simulation tool PCSiWaPro® under the conditions of climate change

    Science.gov (United States)

    Meyer, M.; Sallwey, J.; Hasan, I.; Graeber, P.-W.

    2012-04-01

    Recent studies showed that varying atmospheric conditions as a result of climate change have a significant impact on the magnitude and time variable development of groundwater recharge. Essentially there are two driving factors that influence groundwater recharge: the temporal distribution of precipitation, and the saturation processes resulting from capillary effects in the unsaturated soil zone. Water balance processes can accurately be modelled by using the Richards' equation for transient flow, together with the Van-Genuchten/Luckner approximation describing hysteresis relationships between water contents and pressure heads in the soil. Precipitation distributions, as boundary conditions for the unsaturated model, can be generated from climate data measurements using statistical analysis tools. These synthetic time series reflect both the real climate conditions in a given model area, as well as statistical variations of rainfall by implementing characteristics of a predefined probability distribution. Depending on the kind of distribution, the resulting time series can represent both annual rainfall variations as well as long-term climate changes. The Institute of Waste Management and Contaminated Site Treatment of the TU Dresden has developed two software programs that help estimate these two driving forces for groundwater recharge. WettGen is a weather generator using a Weibull distribution and Markov chain approximations to create synthetic climate time series. These are applied as an upper boundary condition for PCSiWaPro®, a numerical finite element simulation tool solving the Richards' equation for water balance and a convection dispersion equation for contaminant. The result of this coupled simulation is an outflow at the lower boundary of the PCSiWaPro® model, which can be interpreted as a recharge rate for the underlying aquifer. Considering that climate change scenarios for Germany predict longer dry periods and an increase of extreme precipitation

  2. 佤族传统体育在中学的传承现状及对策研究%Study on Inherit Condition and Countermeasure of Wa Nationality’ s Traditional Sports in Middle Schools

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    余红; 李会明

    2014-01-01

    After investigating the inherit situation of Wa nationality ’ s traditional sports in local middle schools by using questionnaire survey method , this paper found out that middle school students in regions where Wa national-ity liveing in compact communities had strong identity for Wa nationality ’s traditional physical sports, meanwhile, national traditional culture festival , community and family could take much more inherit affect than that schools could.But students were short of enough cognition for cultural connotation of Wa nationality ’ s traditional sports because of lack of standards during the inherit process .Based on the situation , some suggestions are put forward .%运用问卷调查法等研究方法,对佤族传统体育在当地中学的传承现状进行调查后发现,佤族聚居区的中学生对佤族传统体育项目具有较强的认同感,学校发挥的传承作用不及民族传统文化节、社区和家庭;分析表明,学生对佤族传统体育的文化内涵缺乏足够的认识,传承过程缺乏规范性是形成因素;并提出相应对策。

  3. Nisin Z Production by Lactococcus lactis subsp. cremoris WA2-67 of Aquatic Origin as a Defense Mechanism to Protect Rainbow Trout (Oncorhynchus mykiss, Walbaum) Against Lactococcus garvieae.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Araújo, Carlos; Muñoz-Atienza, Estefanía; Pérez-Sánchez, Tania; Poeta, Patrícia; Igrejas, Gilberto; Hernández, Pablo E; Herranz, Carmen; Ruiz-Zarzuela, Imanol; Cintas, Luis M

    2015-12-01

    Probiotics represent an alternative to chemotherapy and vaccination to control fish diseases, including lactococcosis caused by Lactococcus garvieae. The aims of this study were (i) to determine the in vitro probiotic properties of three bacteriocinogenic Lactococcus lactis subsp. cremoris of aquatic origin, (ii) to evaluate in vivo the ability of L. cremoris WA2-67 to protect rainbow trout (Oncorhynchus mykiss, Walbaum) against infection by L. garvieae, and (iii) to demonstrate the role of nisin Z (NisZ) production as an anti-infective mechanism. The three L. cremoris strains survived in freshwater at 18 °C for 7 days, withstood exposure to pH 3.0 and 10 % (v/v) rainbow trout bile, and showed different cell surface hydrophobicity (37.93-58.52 %). The wild-type NisZ-producer L. cremoris WA2-67 and its non-bacteriocinogenic mutant L. cremoris WA2-67 ∆nisZ were administered orally (10(6) CFU/g) to rainbow trout for 21 days and, subsequently, fish were challenged with L. garvieae CLG4 by the cohabitation method. The fish fed with the bacteriocinogenic strain L. cremoris WA2-67 reduced significantly (p fish farming to prevent lactococcosis in rainbow trout. PMID:26307018

  4. Doença, cura e serviços de saúde. Representações, práticas e demandas Baníwa Sickness, Healing, and Health Services: social representations, practices, and demands among the Baníwa

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Luiza Garnelo

    2001-03-01

    Full Text Available A pesquisa foi realizada no Município de São Gabriel da Cachoeira, noroeste amazônico, junto ao povo indígena Baníwa, em parceria com as organizações indígenas, visando compreender a correlação entre a cosmologia do grupo, seu sistema de representações de doença e práticas de cura e sua dinâmica de transformação em situação de contato interétnico. O levantamento dos mitos explicativos da origem da doenças demonstrou a existência de diversas categorias tradicionais de doença que orientam as práticas tradicionais de cura e a incorporação dos saberes biomédicos. A cosmologia Baníwa opera como sistema de acolhimento das informações de biomedicina, que são apropriadas e ressignificadas segundo a lógica do pensamento mítico; estratégias cognitivas similares são utilizadas para a geração das demandas que as lideranças indígenas encaminham aos Conselhos de Saúde e Serviços de Saúde.The research for this paper was conducted in São Gabriel da Cachoeira, in the northwestern Amazon, with the Baníwa indigenous people, in partnership with indigenous organizations, seeking to understand the relations among the group's cosmology, their system of representations of sickness and healing practices, and their transformation through inter-ethnic contact. The recording of myths showed the origin of the diseases and demonstrated the existence of several traditional categories of sickness, guiding traditional healing practices and the incorporation of biomedical knowledge. The Baníwa's cosmology operates like a reception system for biomedical information, which the people grasp according to the logic of mythical thought. Similar cognitive strategies are used to generate the demands that indigenous leaders submit to the Health Councils and Health Services.

  5. 76 FR 2713 - Notice of Determinations Regarding Eligibility To Apply for Worker Adjustment Assistance

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-01-14

    ... Workers Resource Mfg. 74,698 Fraser, N.H. LLC, Fraser Gorham, NH March 13, 2010. Paper LTD., Leased Workers of Vescom Corporation. 74,702 Sperry and Rice Killbuck, OH........ October 4, 2009. Manufacturing... Clearwater Paper Spokane, WA......... October 28, 2009. Corporation, Finance Division, Leased Workers...

  6. Ethnobotanical Survey of Wild Food Plants Used by Wa People in Cangyuan County of Yunnan Province%佤族野生食用植物资源的民族植物学研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    刘川宇; 杜凡; 汪健; 郭淑萍; 席赠濮; 冷天鑫

    2012-01-01

    Cangyuan is a Wa people autonomous county in Yunnan province with the Wa population of 142 820. On the basis of literature search and category, with the guidance of local Wa people, the wild food plant resources of Cangyuan county were surveyed using the ethnobotanical methods. It was found that 105 plant species which belong to 52 families and 78 genera were commonly used by local Wa people as food, and could be divided into three categories namely vegetables, fruits and seasonings were 69 species, 34 species and 8 species respectively. As far as the part of plant used by local Wa people was concerned, tender shoot or leaf and fruit were the main parts. Wa people lived in Cangyuan county of Yunnan province owned richful indigenous knowledge on wild food plant, which was very important and useful for exploration and utilization of new food plant resources in the future.%沧源佤族自治县拥有142 820佤族人口,是云南省佤族分布最多的一个县.通过对文献资料的查阅收集和整理,以当地佤族人为向导,运用民族植物学研究方法对沧源野生食用植物资源进行调查.结果表明,沧源佤族民间传统食用野生植物有105种,隶属52科78属.根据民间的食用用途,当地民间野生食用植物可分为野生蔬菜、野果、调味品3种主要类型.其中可作为野生蔬菜食用的有69种,野果有34种,用于调料的植物有8种,野生食用植物以幼嫩枝叶(60.95%)和果类(39.05%)为主.佤族野生食用植物的传统知识,在食物新资源的开发利用方面具有重要的参考价值.

  7. Refrigeration and Cryogenics Specialist. J3ABR54530

    Science.gov (United States)

    Air Force Training Command, Sheppard AFB, TX.

    This document package contains an Air Force course used to train refrigeration and cryogenics specialists. The course is organized in six blocks designed for group instruction. The blocks cover the following topics: electrical principles; fundamentals of tubing and piping; metering devices, motor controls, domestic and commercial refrigeration;…

  8. The Legend of Sigangli:About the Historical Development of the Wa Nationlity's Lost Civilization%《司岗里》传说:佤族走失文明的历史再现

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    袁智中

    2011-01-01

    佤族没有文字,其历史文化均以口耳相传的方式传承下来,这为佤族历史文化的解读提供了诸多可能。佤族创世神话《司岗里》流传于整个阿佤山地带,乃至缅甸、泰国、老挝、柬埔寨、印度,内容不仅涵盖了宇宙、人类及万物的起源,还包括了佤族及其先祖数千年颠沛流离的迁徙史。当我们将这部神话传说与失落千年的古滇国文化、夜郎文化、哀牢文化和石佛洞文化进行链接的时候,佤族那段走失的文明便会以另一种方式再现。%It is possible to understand the Wa nationality's history and culture from the way they develop.The creation myth Sigangli of the Wa nationality has been spread not only all over the alva region but also Myanmar,Thailand,Laos,Cambodia and India,whose content covers the origin of the universe,human-beings and the world as well as the migration history of the Wa nationality.The Wa nationality's lost civilization will be represented in another way when the legend is associated with the culture of the ancient Dian country,Yelang culture,Ailao culture and Shifodong culture.

  9. Research on Wa Galindo Race---From the Perspective of Leisure Studies%佤族加林赛研究*--以休闲学为视角

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    胡辉; 孙玉荣

    2013-01-01

    Wa Galindo race is typical folk entertainment activity .From the perspective of leisure studies , the article deeply analyzes its both internal and external value forms , especially focusing on the inherited leisure development of its intrinsic value .It holds the view that to inherit and develop its leisure value is the main rea-son to maintain the vitality of Galindo race , and is the core value goal to contribute to modern society .%加林赛是佤族一种具有代表性的民间休闲娱乐活动。文章从休闲学角度,深入发掘加林赛的内、外两种价值形式,着重剖析其内在人本休闲价值,认为继承发展其内在人本休闲价值是加林赛保持旺盛生命力的原因,也是其贡献给现代社会的核心价值。

  10. Shh, Respect Freedom of Speech: The Reasons Why Ngugi wa Thiong’o and Ismail Kadare Have Not Been Awarded the Nobel Prize

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Edona Llukacaj

    2015-12-01

    The terrorist attack on the satirical French magazine, Charlie Hebdo, at the beginning of this year, intensified the unremitting debate over the right to freedom of speech and expression, as well as its limitations. Nonetheless, it was almost unanimously agreed that the human right to express personal beliefs, regardless of the fact that they could be in deep disagreement with or even insulting towards the values of certain individuals, groups, or worldviews, should be defended and promoted by the whole human community. It goes without saying that the role of intellectuals and, especially, that of the academia, in promoting tolerance, diversity, and dialogue is essential. However, this does not seem to have been one of the criteria on which the Swedish Academy based its choices, over the past years, for the awarding of the Noble Prize in Literature. Focusing on the literary contributions of Ngugi wa Thiong’o and Ismail Kadare, two repeated nominees for the Noble Prize, this paper will attempt to shed light on the reasons why these two heroes of free speech and representation have not been awarded the prestigious prize.

  11. 1999 BPA habitat projects completed within the Asotin Creek Watershed, WA; Ridge-Top to Ridge-Top Habitat Projects; 1999 BPA Completion Report - January 2000

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The Asotin Creek Model Watershed Program (ACMWP) is the primary entity coordinating habitat projects on both private and public lands within the Asotin Creek watershed. The Asotin Creek watershed covers approximately 325 square miles in the Blue Mountains of southeastern Washington in WRIA 35. According to WDFW's Priority WRIA's by At-Risk Stock Significance Map, it is the highest priority in southeastern WA. Snake River spring chinook salmon, summer steelhead and bull trout, which are listed under the Endangered Species Act (ESA), are present in the watershed. The ACMWP began coordinating habitat projects in 1995. Approximately two hundred seventy-six projects have been implemented through the ACMWP as of 1999. Twenty of these projects were funded in part through Bonneville Power Administration's 1999 Columbia Basin Fish and Wildlife Program. These projects used a variety of methods to enhance and protect watershed conditions. In-stream work for fish habitat included construction of hard structures (e.g. vortex rock weirs), meander reconstruction, placement of large woody debris (LWD) and whole trees and improvements to off-channel rearing habitat; thirty-eight were created with these structures. Three miles of stream benefited from riparian improvements such as vegetative plantings (17,000 trees and shrubs) and noxious weed control. Two sediment basin constructions, 67 acres of grass seeding, and seven hundred forty-five acres of minimum till were implemented to reduce sediment production and delivery to streams in the watershed

  12. Characterization of the environmental fate of Bacillus thuringiensis var. kaurstaki (Btk) after pest eradication efforts in Seattle, WA and Fairfax county, VA

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Ticknor, Lawrence [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Van Cuyk, Sheila M [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Deshpande, Alina [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Omberg, Kristin M [Los Alamos National Laboratory

    2008-01-01

    Understanding the fate of biological agents in the environment will be critical to recovery and restoration efforts after a biological attack. Los Alamos National Laboratory (LANL) is conducting experiments in the Seattle, WA and Fairfax County, VA areas to study agent fate in urban environments. As part of their gypsy moth suppression efforts, Washington State and Fairfax County have sprayed Bacillus thuringiensis var. kurstaki (Btk), a common organic pesticide for decades. Many of the spray zones have been in or near urban areas. LANL has collected surface and bulk samples from historical Seattle spray zones to characterize how long Btk persists at detectable levels in the environment, and how long it remains viable in different environmental matrices. This work will attempt to address three questions. First, how long does the agent remain viable at detectable levels? Second, what is the approximate magnitude and duration of resuspension? And third, does the agent transport into buildings? Data designed to address the first question will be presented. Preliminary results indicate Btk remains viable in the environment for at least two years.

  13. Adsorption of Rh(III) complexes from chloride solutions obtained by leaching chlorinated spent automotive catalysts on ion-exchange resin Diaion WA21J

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    It was found that Rh, Pd and Pt contained in the spent ceramic automotive catalysts could be effectively extracted by dry chlorination with chlorine. In order to concentrate Rh(III) ions contained in the chloride solutions obtained, thermodynamic and kinetics studies for adsorption of Rh(III) complexes from the chloride solutions on an anionic exchange resin Diaion WA21J were carried out. Rh, Pd, Pt, Al, Fe, Si, Zn and Pb from the chloride solution could be adsorbed on the resin. The distribution coefficients (Kd) of Rh(III) decreased with the increase in initial Rh(III) concentration or in adsorption temperature. The isothermal adsorption of Rh(III) was found to fit Langmuir, Freundlich and Dubinin-Kaganer-Radushkevich models under the adsorption conditions. The maximum monolayer adsorption capacities Qmax based on Langmuir adsorption isotherms were 6.39, 6.61 and 5.81 mg/g for temperatures 18, 28 and 40 deg. C, respectively. The apparent adsorption energy of Rh was about -7.6 kJ/mol and thus Rh(III) adsorption was a physical type. The experimental data obtained could be better simulated by pseudo-first-order kinetic model and the activation energy obtained was 6.54 J/mol. The adsorption rate of Rh(III) was controlled by intraparticle diffusion in most of time of adsorption process.

  14. Influence of Lithofacies and Diagenetic Processes on the Physical and Mechanical Properties of Carbonate Rocks - Case Study from Sinawin-Sha'wa Area, Libya

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Uroš Barudžija

    2015-06-01

    Full Text Available Geological investigations were carried out in the Sinawin-Sha'wa area, in northwestern Libya, in order to find suitable rocks for aggregate in asphalt mixtures for Nalut - Ghadamis Road reconstruction. By combined field work and micropetrographical analysis four different carbonate lithofacies were determined within Upper Cretaceous sedimentary sequence: lithofacies A - micritic limestones; lithofacies B - dolomitic marls; lithofacies C - dolobiomicrites; lithofacies D -biosparites and biosparudites. Diagenetic processes of cementation, recrystallization, dolomitization and silicification were identified within these lithofacies. Stone samples, taken from three lithofacies A, C, and D, were analyzed in order to determine its physical and mechanical properties (apparent density, open porosity, water absorption, uniaxial compressive strength. In addition, aggregate produced by crushing of the rock from lithofacies D is tested on resistance to crushing and abrasion (LA test. Samples from lithofacies B were not included in the testing of physical and mechanical properties since it is estimated as not suitable rock material for crushed aggregate. Samples from lithofacies A, C and D showed significant differences in the physical and mechanical properties. These differences stem from differences in mineralogical and petrographical composition as well as from diagenetic processes. Stone of lithofacies D were estimated as the most appropriate rocks available in the area, for aggregate in asphalt mixtures.

  15. The Religious Beliefs and Regional Differences of Wa Minority%佤族的宗教信仰及其地区差异

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    冉顶平

    2016-01-01

    There is a strong religious idea for Wa minority, at present, which is in general formed a reli-gious belief pattern that the main godliness is from local primitive religion, and it is added by foreign Protestantism and Hinayana.However, the mode of religious belief is not uniform and fixed, but as the changes of the society and history it reveals a certain regional differences, which show that different areas have different religious beliefs, the same religious belief in different regions has different performances, and its extension culture due to the regional differences forms different morphology.%佤族是一个宗教观念极强的民族,目前,在总体上形成了以本土的原始宗教信仰为主、辅以外来的“基督教”和“小乘佛教”的宗教信仰格局。然而,这种宗教信仰模式却并不是整齐划一、固定不变的,而是随着社会、历史的变迁呈现出了一定的地区差异性,差异主要表现在不同的地域有着不同的宗教信仰、同一宗教信仰在不同的地区有着不同的表现,以及由于宗教信仰的地区差异导致其外延文化出现不同的表现形态等方面。研究佤族宗教信仰的地区差异,有利于国家根据具体情况有针对性地制定相关的少数民族发展政策。

  16. Molecular and phenetic characterization of the bacterial assemblage of Hot Lake, WA, an environment with high concentrations of magnesium sulphate, and its relevance to Mars

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kilmer, Brian R.; Eberl, Timothy C.; Cunderla, Brent; Chen, Fei; Clark, Benton C.; Schneegurt, Mark A.

    2014-01-01

    Hot Lake (Oroville, WA) is an athalassohaline epsomite lake that can have precipitating concentrations of MgSO4 salts, mainly epsomite. Little biotic study has been done on epsomite lakes and it was unclear whether microbes isolated from epsomite lakes and their margins would fall within recognized halotolerant genera, common soil genera or novel phyla. Our initial study cultivated and characterized epsotolerant bacteria from the lake and its margins. Approximately 100 aerobic heterotrophic microbial isolates were obtained by repetitive streak-plating in high-salt media including either 10% NaCl or 2 M MgSO4. The collected isolates were all bacteria, nearly evenly divided between Gram-positive and Gram-negative clades, the most abundant genera being Halomonas, Idiomarina, Marinobacter, Marinococcus, Nesterenkonia, Nocardiopsis and Planococcus. Bacillus, Corynebacterium, Exiguobacterium, Kocuria and Staphylococcus also were cultured. This initial study included culture-independent community analysis of direct DNA extracts of lake margin soil using PCR-based clone libraries and 16S rRNA gene phylogeny. Clones assigned to Gram-positive bacterial clades (70% of total clones) were dominated by sequences related to uncultured actinobacteria. There were abundant Deltaproteobacteria clones related to bacterial sulphur metabolisms and clones of Legionella and Coxiella. These epsomite lake microbial communities seem to be divided between bacteria primarily associated with hyperhaline environments rich in NaCl and salinotolerant relatives of common soil organisms. Archaea appear to be in low abundance and none were isolated, despite near-saturated salinities. Growth of microbes at very high concentrations of magnesium and other sulphates has relevance to planetary protection and life-detection missions to Mars, where scant liquid water may form as deliquescent brines and appear as eutectic liquids.

  17. VeWa: Assessing Vegetation Effects on Water Flows and Mixing in Northern Mountain Environments using Stable Isotopes and Conceptual Runoff Models

    Science.gov (United States)

    Tetzlaff, D.; Buttle, J. M.; Carey, S. K.; Laudon, H.; McDonnell, J.; McNamara, J. P.; Van Huijgevoort, M.; Spence, C.; Soulsby, C.

    2015-12-01

    The lack of comprehensive tracer data sets still hinders the development of a generalized understanding of how northern headwaters function hydrologically. As part of the ERC funded "VeWa" project, we combined a conceptual rainfall-runoff model and input-output relationships of stable isotopes to understand ecohydrological influences on hydrological partitioning in in six high-latitude experimental catchments located in the UK, USA, Sweden and Canada. We used stable isotope records from precipitation and stream flow to examine the effects of soils and landcover. A meta-analysis was carried out using the HBV-model to estimate the main storage changes characterising annual water balances. Annual snowpack storage importance was ranked differently across the sites, and the subsequent rate and longevity of melt was reflected in calibrated parameters that determine partitioning of waters between more rapid and slower flowpaths and associated variations in soil and groundwater storage. Variability of stream water isotopic composition depends on: (i) rate and duration of spring snowmelt; (ii) significance of summer/autumn rainfall; (iii) relative importance of near-surface and deeper flowpaths in routing water to the stream. Flowpath partitioning also regulates influences of summer evaporation on drainage waters. Deviations of isotope data from the Global Meteoric Water Line showed subtle effects of internal catchment processes on isotopic fractionation most likely through evaporation. After accounting for climate, evaporative fractionation is strongest at sites where lakes and near-surface runoff processes in wet riparian soils can mobilize isotopically-enriched water during summer and autumn. Given close soil-vegetation coupling, this may result in spatial variability in soil water isotope pools available for plant uptake. We argue that stable isotope studies are crucial in addressing the many open questions on hydrological functioning of northern environments.

  18. Vegetation - Pine Creek WA and Fitzhugh Creek WA [ds484

    Data.gov (United States)

    California Department of Resources — This fine-scale vegetation classification and map of the Pine Creek and Fitzhugh Creek Wildlife Areas, Modoc County, California was created following FGDC and...

  19. 马拉喀什,WaR!WaR!

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    左宝林

    2014-01-01

    关于马拉喀什。你首先要知道的是,德吉马广场是劭立喀什每一个人的骄傲。只要你在城市里广场之外的任何地方露出迷茫、无所适从的神情,总有人走匕前来热心地问:“在找Souk(阿拉伯语中的广场)?”他们认为任何游客到这里来都是为了广场,而事宴上也是如此,

  20. 云南西盟佤族中疟疾防治的IEC信息和渠道研究%Study on messages and channels of IEC for malaria control in Wa ethnic in Ximeng, Yunnan Province

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    许建卫; 夏敏; Pricha Petlueng; 陶红; 钟颜春; 吴显华; 刘双明; 温正党; 刘慧

    2005-01-01

    目的确定适合于佤族的有关疟病信息和交流沟通渠道. 方法采用问卷调查、专题小组讨论、参与式行动评估、半结构深度访谈和参与式IEC材料制作研讨会等定性和定量相结合的方法.结果村干部是目前村民卫生信息的着要渠道;社区居民喜欢以看电视作为信息来源,但县电视台的节目不能覆盖村子;交流语言应尽可能多地使用佤族语言.结论所传输的信息应与目前的疟疾控制策略相联系;在佤族中的IEC干预应使用以人际交流为主,并有其它渠道支持的综合渠道.%To identify appropriate messages on malaria and communication channels for Wa ethnic. Methods Combination of quantitative and qualitative methods ,including questionnaire surveys focus group discussions ,participatory learning and action, seni-structured in-depth interview ,participatory IEC materials development workshop ,was used. Results Village leaders are the first channels of health messages at present. Community members prefer watching TV as their information resource, however the programs f county TV station cannot cover villages. Communication language should use Wa ethnical as much ad possible. Conclusion Messages that will be conveyed should be connected with the present malaria control strategies. IEC intervention in Wa ethnic should use mixed channels and interpersonal communication will be the principal channel with supports of other channels.

  1. 论佤族木鼓文化的现代变迁及其大众传播生成%On the Changes and Mass Communication Generation of Wood Drum Culture of Wa Nationality

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    梅英

    2012-01-01

    After mass communication comes to the cultural inheritance of Wa nationality, Wood Drum Culture of Wa nationality has changed a lot different materials used for making drums, different shape, reduced application, and flexible usage, which makes the original meaning of holy production culture perish. The change of Wood Drum Culture of Wa nationality originates from the semiotic transformation need of mass media, and is completed in the process of encoding the semiotic transformation. When semiotic transformation completed by others obtains the input from improper audiences and social needs, it results in the output of changed Wood Drum Culture, which eventually changes the communication effect of mass communication in inheriting the national culture.%大众传播介入佤族木鼓文化传承后,佤族木鼓文化发生了变迁:木鼓形质改变,用途缩减、用法随意,木鼓文化作为一种神圣的生产文化之原始意义已经消失。佤族木鼓文化变迁源于大众传播的符号转换需求,并完成于符号转换的编码过程中。由他者完成的符号转换过程在受到不当的受众和社会需求输入后,文化生产输出了变迁的木鼓文化,最终改变了大众传播传承民族文化的传播效果。

  2. An unedited 1.1 kb mitochondrial orfB gene transcript in the Wild Abortive Cytoplasmic Male Sterility (WA-CMS system of Oryza sativa L. subsp. indica

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Maiti Mrinal K

    2010-03-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background The application of hybrid rice technology has significantly increased global rice production during the last three decades. Approximately 90% of the commercially cultivated rice hybrids have been derived through three-line breeding involving the use of WA-CMS lines. It is believed that during the 21st century, hybrid rice technology will make significant contributions to ensure global food security. This study examined the poorly understood molecular basis of the WA-CMS system in rice. Results RFLPs were detected for atp6 and orfB genes in sterile and fertile rice lines, with one copy of each in the mt-genome. The RNA profile was identical in both lines for atp6, but an additional longer orfB transcript was identified in sterile lines. 5' RACE analysis of the long orfB transcript revealed it was 370 bp longer than the normal transcript, with no indication it was chimeric when compared to the genomic DNA sequence. cDNA clones of the longer orfB transcript in sterile lines were sequenced and the transcript was determined unedited. Sterile lines were crossed with the restorer and maintainer lines, and fertile and sterile F1 hybrids were respectively generated. Both hybrids contained two types of orfB transcripts. However, the long transcript underwent editing in the fertile F1 hybrids and remained unedited in the sterile lines. Additionally, the editing of the 1.1 kb orfB transcript co-segregated with fertility restoring alleles in a segregating population of F2 progeny; and the presence of unedited long orfB transcripts was detected in the sterile plants from the F2 segregating population. Conclusion This study helped to assign plausible operative factors responsible for male-sterility in the WA cytoplasm of rice. A new point of departure to dissect the mechanisms governing the CMS-WA system in rice has been identified, which can be applied to further harness the opportunities afforded by hybrid vigor in rice.

  3. 云南西盟佤族对疟疾的认知情况%Wa People's perception of malaria in Ximeng,Yunnan

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    许建卫; 夏敏; 陶红; 钟颜春; 吴显华; 刘双明; 温正党; 刘慧

    2004-01-01

    Objective To learn layperson perception of Wa ethnic toward malaria. Methods Investigation was carried out by combination of quantitative (questionnaire surveys) and qualitative (focus group discussions) methods of medical anthropology.Results Community members mainly knew symptoms of vivax malaria, and about one - third respondents did not think fever as one of malaria symptoms. They thought that malaria had possible connection with mosquitoes, but confused with other things. Malaria was ranked as one very common diseases in communities and main disease burdens. Adults, who stayed overnights in field shacks or Myanmar, are thought to be prone to malaria infection more, and the highly prevalent months are from July to October.Chemprophlaxis and spraying with insecticides were major malaria preventive methods they knew. Conclusion It is necessary to correct their perception and change into more healthy behaviors by information- education- communication activities closely combining with present directive control measures.%目的了解佤族群众对疟疾的认知情况.方法采用医学人类学中定量(问卷调查、)和定性(专题性讨论)相集合的方法进行调查.结果社区群众主要知道间日疟症状,大约1/3的人并不认为发热是疟疾的症状之一,佤语疟疾("Saihui")一词中无发热之意;他们认为疟疾与蚊子可能有联系,但又与其它事物相混淆;疟疾被认为是社区中三种很常见的疾病和主要疾病负担之一;他们认为在田棚或缅甸过夜的成人更容易感染疟疾,疟疾的流行季节为7~10月份;预防服药和杀虫剂喷洒是其所知道的主要疟疾预防方法.结论需要通过与现行直接防治措施相结合IEC活动,纠正佤族群众的看法和让其行为更为健康.

  4. Geochronology of the Birim Supergroup of the West African craton in the Wa-Bolé region of west-central Ghana: Implications for the stratigraphic framework

    Science.gov (United States)

    de Kock, G. S.; Armstrong, R. A.; Siegfried, H. P.; Thomas, E.

    2011-01-01

    The Birim rocks of the West African craton comprise belts of greenschist- to amphibolite-grade gneiss and schist, and subparallel basins of greenschist-grade phyllite of volcaniclastic and epiclastic origin, which were intruded by igneous rocks. The granitoids intruded between 2213 and 2060 Ma and overlap with the volcaniclastic units dated between 2211 and 2064 Ma. The simultaneous occurrence of the magmatic events and irregular distribution of the rock ages hamper the formulation of a stratigraphic succession. SHRIMP spot analyses were done on older cores, crystals and rims from 23 rocks from the Bolé-Wa region in west-central Ghana. The crystallization ages range from 2195 to 2118 Ma, the inherited ages from 2876 to 2130 Ma, and metamorphic ages from 2114 to 2090 Ma. Aided by metamorphic, structural and chemical studies an older geotectonic cycle (2195-2150 Ma), containing the Dole and Guropie Suite and Bolé Group, was established. These units were subjected to several orthogonal and shear deformation events. These events were followed by the contemporaneous Sawla calc-alkaline monzonitic plutonism (2132-2126 Ma) and deposition of the epiclastic Maluwe Group (2137-2125 Ma) of calc-alkaline felsic to tholeiitic volcanic origin. Deformation of the basin beds was succeeded by the intrusion of the Tanina Suite granitoids of 2122-2120 Ma, which, themselves, were deformed prior to 2119 Ma. At 2118 Ma syenite and gabbro intruded along conjugate extension fractures. The gabbro and syenite of the Wakawaka Suite were only affected by three events of brittle strike-slip faulting. The first had significant displacement along NNE- to NE-directed shear zones, while the latter only formed conjugate joint systems with limited transport. Palaeo- to Neoarchaean cores, the oldest yet reported in the Baoulé Mossi domain, are restricted to the gneissic Dole Suite biotite granites. The presence of Dole-, Guropie-, Sawla-, and Tanina-aged older cores and grains in younger rocks

  5. Long-term controls of soil organic carbon with depth and time: a case study from the Cowlitz River Chronosequence, WA USA

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lawrence, Corey R.; Harden, Jennifer W.; Xu, Xiaomei; Schulz, Marjorie S.; Trumbore, Susan E.

    2015-01-01

    Over timescales of soil development (millennia), the capacity of soils to stabilize soil organic carbon (SOC) is linked to soil development through changes in soil mineralogy and other soil properties. In this study, an extensive dataset of soil profile chemistry and mineralogy is compiled from the Cowlitz River Chronosequence (CRC), WA USA. The CRC soils range in age from 0.25 to 1200 kyr, spanning a developmental gradient encompassing clear changes in soil mineralogy, chemistry, and surface area. Comparison of these and other metrics of soil development with SOC properties reveal several relationships that may be diagnostic of the long-term coupling of soil development and C cycling. Specifically, SOC content was significantly correlated with sodium pyrophosphate extractable metals emphasizing the relevance of organo-metal complexes in volcanic soils. The depth distributions of organo-metals and other secondary weathering products, including the kaolin and short-range order (SRO) minerals, support the so-called “binary composition” of volcanic soils. The formation of organo-metal complexes limits the accumulation of secondary minerals in shallow soils, whereas in deep soils with lower SOC content, secondary minerals accumulate. In the CRC soils, secondary minerals formed in deep soils (below 50 cm) including smectite, allophane, Fe-oxides and dominated by the kaolin mineral halloysite. The abundance of halloysite was significantly correlated with bulk soil surface area and 14C content (a proxy for the mean age of SOC), implying enhanced stability of C in deep soils. Allophane, an SRO mineral commonly associated with SOC storage, was not correlated with SOC content or 14C values in CRC soils. We propose conceptual framework to describe these observations based on a general understanding of pedogenesis in volcanic soils, where SOC cycling is coupled with soil development through the formation of and fate of organo-metal or other mobile weathering products

  6. HYDRAULICS, CLALLAM COUNTY, WA, USA

    Data.gov (United States)

    Federal Emergency Management Agency, Department of Homeland Security — Recent developments in digital terrain and geospatial database management technology make it possible to protect this investment for existing and future projects to...

  7. la_push_wa.grd

    Data.gov (United States)

    National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, Department of Commerce — NGDC builds and distributes high-resolution, coastal digital elevation models (DEMs) that integrate ocean bathymetry and land topography to support NOAA's mission...

  8. WA7 - View from downstream

    CERN Multimedia

    1977-01-01

    With this set-up the Annecy (LAPP)-CERN-Copenhagen(Niels Bohr Institute)-Genova-Oslo-University College London Collaboration investigated large-angle elastic scattering of charged mesons and antiprotons on protons, first at 20 and 30 GeV/c, later at 50 GeV/c. The beam H1 (from top) passes two CEDAR counters (centre) before entering the one-metre long liquid hydrogen target, partly inside a magnet of 1.56 T, with a field volume of about 1.50x0.75x1.50 m3. In the foreground one sees on the left the hadron calorimeter of the 'slow' arm; on the right, are scintillation hodoscopes and behind them, a treshold Cerenkov counter of the 'fast' arm.

  9. 《李娃传》与《玉玦记》中妓女的命运差异之比较%Comparison of the Different Fates of Prostitutes in Biography of Li Wa and Story of Jade

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    郭玉华

    2011-01-01

    The romantic novels of scribes and prostitutes have always been popular subject.Biography of Li Wa and Story of Jade have the similar story plots,but the fates of the two heroines are entirely different.Li Wa has been praised highly for her affection and faith,whereas Li Changnu was punished for her viciousness.Both of the different fates were influenced by many factors,some of which such as characters,authors and social backgrounds are very essential.%文士与妓女婚恋类题材小说历来是文人写作的热门题材,白行简的《李娃传》与郑若庸的《玉玦记》在故事情节上可谓一脉相承。而二文女主人公的命运却大不相同:李娃被塑造成一个有情有义的妇女,而李娟奴则因其歹毒得到了应该有的报复。促成两者命运差异的原因是多方面的,而男女人物性格、作者和社会等三方面因素是其重点。

  10. 佤族木鼓文化中女性身体的社会性别分析%Gender Analysis of Female Bodies in the Wooden Drum Culture of Wa People

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    马祯

    2015-01-01

    木鼓崇拜是历史上佤文化的重要内容,在佤族社会中扮演着重要角色。木鼓起源神话、木鼓形制、木鼓祭祀女神、拉木鼓仪式中猎女人头等均与女性有关。整个木鼓崇拜中女性无处不在。通过对木鼓文化的人类学分析,揭示木鼓文化背后的社会性别象征,探讨佤族社会的女性观念,进而反观社会性别研究中对女性身体的讨论。%Wooden drum worship is very important of Wa culture in history.The origin of wooden drama myths,drum shape,the sacrifice to the Goddess,hunting women in drum ceremonies were related to women.Wa peoples'drum culture was closely related to women,especially their bodies.This paper trying to reveals the concept of women and gender symbol in the wooden drum cul-ture through an anthropological perspective and,in turn,to discuss the female body in the social gen-der studies.

  11. Construction and Analysis on the Spread of Wa Wooden Drum Based on Cultural and Historical Materials%基于文化史料的佤族木鼓传播构建分析

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    金璇

    2014-01-01

    With the continuous progress and development of time, in our country's bright river of five thousand years of culture, the Wa wooden drum culture is one of shining stars. Among them, the spread of Wa wooden drum culture, consists of the following elements: communicators are the source; the spread medium is wooden drum;the environment in which the spread takes place;receivers are the destination;the content of information spread. In the process of spread activities, the acting force among the ele-ments complies with the characteristics of its mode of spread. Based on a comprehensive analysis and understanding of the ele-ments in the spread of Wa wooden drum culture, combined with the actual situation, this paper proposes several references for the construction of its mode of spread based on cultural and historical materials.%随着时间的不断进步和发展,在我国五千年文化璀璨的长河中,佤族的木鼓文化是其中一颗闪耀的明星。其中,在对佤族木鼓文化进行传播的时候,它的构成要素主要分为传播者是信源、传播的媒介木鼓、传播发生时的环境、受传者是信宿以及传播的信息内容。在传播活动实际开展的过程中,这些要素相互之间的作用力与其传播模式的特点相符合。本文通过对佤族木鼓文化的传播要素进行全面的分析和了解,结合实际情况,对其在文化史料的基础上传播模式的构建提出几点参考意见。

  12. Design and experiment of the NPU-WA airfoil family for wind turbines%NPU-WA系列风力机翼型设计与风洞实验

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    乔志德; 宋文萍; 高永卫

    2012-01-01

    NPU-WA airfoil family is designed for MW-size wind turbines and it is featured by advanced aerodynamic performance at high lift and high Reynolds number. Wind tunnel tests show that the airfoils are of higher lift to drag ratio than present wind turbine airfoils at high lift and high Reynolds number and insen-sitivity of maximum lift to leading edge roughness, which are satisfied the main design requirements. From this study the NPU-WA airfoil data base including geometry and the wind tunnel test performance at Reynolds number from 1. 0×106-5. 0×106 are developed. The airfoils can be applied to MW-size wind turbine design for the China industry with independent intellectual property rights.%针对兆瓦级大型风力机,研究发展了以具有更优良高雷诺数和高升力气动性能为特点的NPU-WA翼型族,风洞实验表明,该翼型族达到了在高雷诺数、高升力条件下实现高升阻比和外侧翼型对粗糙度不敏感的主要设计要求,为我国自主研发大型风力机提供了可以实际使用的翼型几何数据和雷诺数范围内1.0×106~5.0×106的风洞实验数据.

  13. Voisins ou ennemis à Arba Wa Nus ? La mise en scène du quotidien des migrants forcés égyptiens et réfugiés sud soudanais dans un quartier populaire du Caire

    OpenAIRE

    Fabienne Le Houérou

    2012-01-01

    Based on video filming used as a research tool and influenced by the sociology of interactions, this article seeks to explore the relations between two displaced populations in Cairo (South Sudanese and Egyptians from Upper Egypt) in an outlying zone of the megalopolis. Observing the presentation of self in everyday interactions in public places in the Arba Wa Nus quarter, prompts us to propose the hypothesis of a territory essentially “marked” by social violence. Can we say that the aggressi...

  14. An Acoustic Analysis on Vowel Tense-and-Lax Opposition of Masa Dialect of Wa Language%佤语马散土语元音松紧对立的声学分析

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    杨波; 姚彦琳

    2012-01-01

    文章就记音时出现的佤语马散土语中的"紧元音"进行了研究,采用声学实验的方法对a-a、ε-ε、i-i、■-■4组元音的区别特征进行了分析,证实了马散土语音点的发音人存在紧元音的例外现象,并通过共振峰的分布验证了语言学家提出的"紧元音舌位略低于松元音"的结论。%This paper studies "tense vowels" appearing in the phonetic transcription of Masa dialect of Wa language.By using the method of acoustic experiment,it analyzes the distinctive features among four pairs of vowels:a-a、ε-ε、i-i、■-■,and proves that there exist exceptional phenomenon in the tense vowels of Masa dialect.And through the distribution of formant,it validates the conclusion "the tongue position of tense vowels is a bit lower than that of the lax vowles" put forwards by linguists.

  15. Staff exchange with Spokane Intercollegiate Research and Technology Institute (SIRTI), final project report

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Alexander, G.M.

    1994-12-01

    Staff exchanges, such as the one described in this report, are intended to facilitate communication and collaboration among scientists and engineers at Department of Energy (DOE) laboratories, in U.S. industry, and academia. Funding support for these exchanges is provided by the DOE, Office of Energy Research, Laboratory Technology Transfer Program. Funding levels for each exchange typically range from $20,000 to $40,000. The exchanges offer the opportunity for the laboratories to transfer technology and expertise to industry, gain a perspective on industry`s problems, and develop the basis for further cooperative efforts through Cooperative Research and Development Agreements (CRADAS) or other mechanisms.

  16. Polymorphism and genetic relationship of 15 STR loci in Wa and Bulang populations in Shuangjiang County, Yunnan Province%云南双江佤族、布朗族15个STR基因座遗传多态性及遗传关系分析

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    刘建兴; 李利华; 景强; 胡利平; 聂胜洁; 姜良豹; 许冰莹

    2011-01-01

    Objective To investigate genetic polymorphisms in Wa and Bulang populations in Shuangjiang County,Yunnan Province, and to evaluate their forensic application values and genetic relationships among other populations.Methods Fifteen STR loci included in the Power PLex 16 system Kit were amplified. The PCR products were analyzed by ABI Prism 3100 Genetic Analyzer. Forensic parameters of the two minorities were obtained, and genetic distances between Wa, Bulang and other populations were calculated by STR loci included in the CODIS system. Results In Wa and Bulang populations, the 15 STR loci were polymorphic. In genetic distance analysis, the distance between Wa and Bulang was the nearest (0.011 0). The other distances were as follows: 0. 030 2, between Wa and Buryat;0.024 3, between Wa and Ewenke; 0. 034 3, between Bulang and Buryat; and 0.030 9, between Bulang and Ewenke.The genetic distances of Wa and Bulang with Hah populations were both near. The distance was 0.014 0 between Wa and Han populations in Zhengjiang Province, and 0.0124 between Bulang and Han populations in Anhui Province.Conclusions The 15 STR loci were polymorphic in Wa and Bulang, which could provide a powerful discrimination tool for forensic applications. The investigations of genetic distances between different populations are useful to study their origins ,migrations and genetic relationships.%目的 检测云南双江县佤族、布朗族15个STR基因座遗传多态性及与其他群体的遗传关系.方法 以Power PLex 16 system Kit复合扩增15个STR基因座(D3S1358、THO1、D21S11、D18S51、Penta E、D5S818、D13S317、D7S820、D16S539、CSF1PO、Penta D、VWA、D8S1179、TPOX、FGA),用ABI PRISM 310遗传分析仪检测扩增产物,计算群体等位基因频率等法医学参数,并结合文献发表的国内其他群体的遗传学资料,运用CODIS系统13个基因座计算群体间的遗传距离.结果 15个STR基因座在佤族、布朗族中均具有较高的遗传多态性,

  17. Coastal Analysis Submission for Pierce County, WA

    Data.gov (United States)

    Federal Emergency Management Agency, Department of Homeland Security — Coastal study data as defined in FEMA Guidelines and Specifications, Appendix D: Final Draft Guidelines for Coastal Flood Hazard Analysis and Mapping for the...

  18. FIELD SURVEY, CLALLAM COUNTY, WA, USA

    Data.gov (United States)

    Federal Emergency Management Agency, Department of Homeland Security — Survey data includes spatial datasets and data tables necessary to digitally represent data collected in the survey phase of the study. (Source: FEMA Guidelines and...

  19. Canola – Where to for WA Agriculture?

    OpenAIRE

    Pluske, Johanna M.; Lindner, Robert K.

    2001-01-01

    Canola may be marketed as oilseed, oil or meal. Supply and demand of each of the commodities is influenced by, physical factors associated with land and weather, substitute commodity competition, land-use competition, production indirectly associated with canola such as that within the livestock industry and the effects of technology and more specifically plant breeding. Furthermore, domestic agricultural and international trade policies, standard of living, and political stability of countri...

  20. DCS Hydraulics Submission for Whatcom County, WA

    Data.gov (United States)

    Federal Emergency Management Agency, Department of Homeland Security — Recent developments in digital terrain and geospatial database management technology make it possible to protect this investment for existing and future projects to...

  1. DCS Hydrology Submission for Pierce County WA

    Data.gov (United States)

    Federal Emergency Management Agency, Department of Homeland Security — Hydrology data include spatial datasets and data tables necessary for documenting the hydrologic procedures for estimating flood discharges for a flood insurance...

  2. GigaWaM project overview

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Rodes Lopez, Roberto; Gibbon, Timothy Braidwood; Tafur Monroy, Idelfonso

    In the poster we present novel hybridized central office and optical network unit technologies for a 64 user WDM-PON, providing 1.25 Gbps bidirectional access over 20 km. Preliminary experimental transmission results are presented, including the possibility of upgrade up to 10 Gbps....

  3. 2,3-Dihydroxybiphenyl dioxygenase gene was first discovered in Arthrobacter sp. strain P J3

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    YANG MeiYing; MA PengDa; LI WenMing; LIU JinYing; LI Liang; ZHU XiaoJuan; WANG XingZhi

    2007-01-01

    Bacterium strain PJ3, isolated from wastewater and identified as Arthrobacter sp. bacterium based on its 16S rDNA gene, could use carbazole as the sole carbon, nitrogen and energy source. The genomic libraryof strain PJ3 was constructed and a positive clone JM109 (pUCW402) was screened out for the expression of dioxygenase by the ability to form yellow ring-fission product. A 2,3-dihydroxybiphenyl dioxygenase (23DHBD) gene of 933 bp was found in the 3360 bp exogenous fragment of pUCW402 by GenSCAN software and BLAST analysis. The phylogenetic analysis showed that 23DHBD from strain PJ3 formed a deep branch separate from a cluster containing most known 23DHBD in GenBank.Southern hybridization confirmed for the first time that the 23DHBD gene was from the genomic DNA of Arthrobacter sp. PJ3. In order to test the gene function, recombinant bacterium BL21 (pETW-8) was constructed to express 23DHBD. The expression level in BL21 (pETW-8) was highest compared with the recombinant bacteria JM109 (pUCW402) and strain PJ3. We observed that 23DHBD was not absolute specific. The enzyme activity was higher with 2,3-dihydroxybiphenyl as a substrate than with catechol.The substrate specificity assay suggested that 23DHBD was essential for cleavage of bi-cyclic aromatic compounds during the course of aromatic compound biodegradation in Arthrobacter sp. strain PJ3.

  4. Incremental Risks of Transporting NARM to the LLW Disposal Facility at Hanford

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Weiner, R.F.

    1999-02-23

    This study models the incremental radiological risk of transporting NARM to the Hanford commercial LLW facility, both for incident-free transportation and for possible transportation accidents, compared with the radiological risk of transporting LLW to that facility. Transportation routes are modeled using HIGHWAY 3.1 and risks are modeled using RADTRAN 4. Both annual population doses and risks, and annual average individual doses and risks are reported. Three routes to the Hanford site were modeled from Albany, OR, from Coeur d'Alene, ID (called the Spokane route), and from Seattle, WA. Conservative estimates are used in the RADTRAN inputs, and RADTRAN itself is conservative.

  5. 探析云南佤族木鼓文化与民族武术文化的符号之缘%Analysis of the Relations between the Wooden-drum Culture of YunNan Wa Nationality and National Wushu Culture

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    曹龙飞

    2012-01-01

      The article analyzes the cultural factors of Wa Nationality wooden-drum culture in Yunnan comprehensively in the views of anthropology, sociology and folklore. The study finds that there are special symbols of the wooden-drum culture and the national Wushu culture on the edge.%  文章从人类学、社会学、民俗学的角度,对云南佤族木鼓文化因子进行了较为全面、系统的分析。经研究后发现,佤族木鼓文化的孕育、形成与民族武术文化的发展有着特质性的符号之缘。

  6. Knowledge in the Era of Despotism : A Reading of ʿAbd ar-Raḥmân al-Kawâkibî's Ṭabâʾiʿ al-Istibdâd wa Maṣâriʿ al-Istiʿbâd

    OpenAIRE

    2007-01-01

    Summary Between 1898 and 1902 the Syrian thinker ʿAbd ar-Raḥmân al-Kawâkibî, a pioneer of the Arabic nahḍa wrote the book Ṭabâʾiʿ al-Istibdâd wa Maṣâriʿ al-Istiʿbâd, The Characteristics of Despotism and the Destructions of Enslavement. The text can be placed within the realm of political philosophy. Apart from being a criticism of the despotic regime of the Ottoman Sultan ʿAbd al-Ḥamîd II, the text is also an exposé of the causes of despotism and its effects upon the society and the indivi...

  7. 学习者三语环境态度视角下沧源佤族中学生英语学习倦怠研究%English Learning Burnout among Wa Ethnic Middle School Students in Cangyuan from the Perspective of Learners’ Trilingual Environmental Attitude

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    杨学宝

    2014-01-01

    Based on the theoretical foundation of burnout studies in psychology and linguistics, this paper made a study of English learning burnout among Wa ethnic middle school students in Cangyuan, from the perspective of learners’ trilingual environmental attitude. The research result shows:(1) The trilingual environment attitude of Wa ethnic middle school students in Cangyuan is tested negative; third language (English) leaning burnout is tested strong; (2) Learners’ trilingual environment attitude is highly and negatively correlated to the third language learning burnout; (3) the representation of the third language learning burnout is consistent with that of the general foreign language learning burnout, but causes are different.%文章以心理学及语言学关于倦怠的研究为理论基础,从学习者三语环境态度视角调查分析沧源佤族中学生英语学习倦怠。通过研究发现:(1)沧源佤族中学生三语环境态度呈消极,三语(英语)学习倦怠呈较强趋势;(2)学习者三语环境态度与三语(英语)学习倦怠高度相关并且呈高度负相关趋势;(3)三语学习倦怠表征与一般外语学习倦怠一致,但成因相异。

  8. 烤茶用具、烘烤温度与时间对佤族烤茶品质影响的研究%Study on Tea Baking Utensils, Baking Temperature & Time's Influences on the Quality of Wa Nationality Baked Tea

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    杨净云

    2012-01-01

    Baked tea is one of the specialties of the minority areas in the Yunnan Province, which has a distinctive tea culture. In order to determine the influence of baking time and baking utensils on the Wa nationality's tea quality, and to further its popularization, experiments were conducted on sundried green tea. The experiments tested clay, papyrus, and iron paneled pots, which were often used by Wa people, under two different baking times, at three different baking temperatures. The results showed that, the tea baked in papyrus was superior to that in iron panel; 250 ℃ was the most favorable baking temperature; and the tea quality was not affected, either by baking for ten minutes or fifteen minutes.%烤茶是云南少数民族的传统茶饮品,具有独特的茶文化.为了研究不同烤茶用具在不同温度下烘烤不同时间对佤族传统烤茶品质的影响,更好地推广应用佤族烤茶,以晒青绿毛茶为试验材料,选取佤族常用的土罐、生草纸、铁板等3种用具,选择3种温度和2个烘烤时间对佤族晒青绿毛茶进行烘烤试验.结果表明,以草纸烤茶品质较好,优于佤族传统烤茶用具铁板烤茶;佤族烤茶烘烤温度以250℃时较好,但烘烤10 min和15 min对佤族烤茶品质的影响不明显.

  9. Re-examining the Reasons of Formation of Arrangement Marriage in Traditional Chinese Society:Based on Comparative Analysis of Han and Wa Societies%中国传统社会包办婚姻形成的再认识:基于汉族和佤族社会的比较分析

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李文钢

    2012-01-01

    Academe is generally believed that China of mode choice of spouse transformed from "arrangement marriage" in traditional Chinese society to "free—choosing spouse" in modern society.But,Wa peoples has always been the object of free choice of marriage.Some scholars find out those factors which formed the mode of arrangement marriage.Patrilineal and patriarchal family system and a series of factors shaped this kind of mode.However,all of those factors ubiquitously existed in Wa society which,on the contrary,formed the mode of free-choosing spouse.The conclusion is that in order to explain why Chinese traditional society has been shaped the mode of arrangement marriage,we should by means of the contribution of women in the family economy to understand it.%学术界一般认为,中国人的择偶模式从传统时代的"包办婚姻"向现代社会的"自由择偶"的转变。佤族的择偶模式却从来都是"自由择偶"。一些学者通过研究找出了中国传统社会形成"包办婚姻"的因素,是以"父系父权"家庭制度及其一系列衍生因素决定的,但是这些因素也普遍存在于佤族社会中,佤族社会却形成了"自由择偶"的传统。由此提出:从妻子对家庭经济贡献的维度解释包办婚姻的形成更有说服力。

  10. 哈尼族大母神塔婆与汉族女始祖女娲的比较研究%A Comparative Research on Ta - Po, the Great Mother of the Hani Nationality, and Nu- Wa, the Female Ancestor in the Han Nationality Mythology

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王惠

    2011-01-01

    塔婆是哈尼族神话传说中生育众物、传承人种的大母神形象,广泛存在于哈尼族口传文学、父子联名谱系及其节庆活动之中;而女娲则是中华主体民族汉族神话传说中的女始祖,她造人、补天、治水、置婚姻、作笙簧,创造了诸多历史功绩。但和塔婆比较,女娲虽然声名显赫,却不具备现实意义和生命力量,而且,因为经过了父权文化的精心改造,女娲形象和塔婆形象相比,缺乏真实性、原始性和兼容性。%Ta -Po is the Great Mother, an image of bearing all things and inheriting the birth of racial in the myth and legend of the Hani nationality, who exists widely in oral literature, the father - and - son' s name joint in a lineage, and the festival activities of Hani nationality. Nu - Wa is the Female Ancestor in Chinese myth and legend of the Hart nationality, the main nationality of China. She created the human beings, mended the sky, prevented floods by controlling water, arranged marriage, made reed mouthpiece, and created many historical merits. But in comparison with Ta - Po, Nu - Wa, although prominent, does not have practical significance and life force; and because the elaborated reconstruction came from the patriarchal culture, Nu - Wa' s image lacks the authenticity, the origin, and the compatibility.

  11. Integrated Ocean and Coastal Mapping (IOCM) Project WA1406: OLYMPIA, WA.

    Data.gov (United States)

    National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, Department of Commerce — The objective of Integrated Ocean and Coastal Mapping (IOCM) is to improve the coordination among federal, state and local government, non-governmental and private...

  12. 76 FR 23710 - Safety Zones: Bellingham Bay, Bellingham, WA and Lake Union, Seattle, WA

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-04-28

    ... may result in the expenditure by a State, local, or tribal government, in the aggregate, or by the... result in such an expenditure, we do discuss the effects of this rule elsewhere in this preamble....

  13. 75 FR 41762 - Safety Zone; Annual Kennewick, WA, Columbia Unlimited Hydroplane Races, Kennewick, WA

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-19

    ... Follies Hydroplane Races. The safety zone is necessary to help ensure the safety of the participants as... completed. Basis and Purpose The Tri-City Water Follies Association hosts annual hydroplane races on...

  14. Integrated Ocean and Coastal Mapping (IOCM) Project WA1002: PUDGET SOUND - WHIDBEY ISLAND, WA.

    Data.gov (United States)

    National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, Department of Commerce — The objective of Integrated Ocean and Coastal Mapping (IOCM) is to improve the coordination among federal, state and local government, non-governmental and private...

  15. Integrated Ocean and Coastal Mapping (IOCM) Project WA1405: STRAIT OF JUAN DE FUCA, WA.

    Data.gov (United States)

    National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, Department of Commerce — The objective of Integrated Ocean and Coastal Mapping (IOCM) is to improve the coordination among federal, state and local government, non-governmental and private...

  16. Health assessment for Kaiser Aluminum and Chemical Corporation, Mead, Spokane County, Washington, Region 10. CERCLIS No. WAD000065508. Preliminary report

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    1989-04-12

    The 240-acre Kaiser Aluminum Site is on the National Priorities List. The plant was built in 1942 as an aluminum-reduction facility. Concentrations of cyanide (total) in the river range from 0.011 to 1.7 parts per million (ppm) and free cyanide concentrations ranged from non-detected (ND) to 0.58 ppm. Soils on-site are contaminated with cyanide and fluoride; total cyanide levels range from ND to 985 ppm. The site is considered to be of potential public health concern because of the risk to human health caused by the possibility of exposure to hazardous substances via ingestion of contaminated ground water, dermal absorption of contaminants found in the surface soils on-site, and inhalation of and dermal contact with reentrained contaminated dust.

  17. 有机农产品特色营销系统构建研究——以蔡家洼基地为例%Construction of Characteristic Marketing System of Organic Agricultural Products-A Case of Caijia wa Base

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    谢婷

    2013-01-01

    At present,food safety and agricultural pollution arouse public attention.Developing organic agriculture,therefore,is a feasible approach to solve related problems.Caijia wa is a base of organic agricultural products of Miyun County in Beijing.Based on the experience of farm management of Taiwan,Caijiawa's characteristics were explored.Customer requests were collected and analyzed to find growth space of new market.To establish marketing system for Caijia wa Base,three questions should be settled at the very begining.The questions are as follows:Who are the customers to be confronted with? What's kind of product or service can we provide? What are the causes that customers willing to pay a product at higher price? On basis of experience in Taiwan and local characters,the marketing system in Caijia wa Base can be concluded,including segmentation of market,diversification of marketing channel,close contact with clients and flexibility of price system.The pattern of omni-directional,muti-level and wide-ranging cooperation has been improved continuously.Finally,marketing system could integrate with social responsibility and sustainable development.Some measures about the marketing system have been proposed,which are believed applicable to other bases of organic agriculture.%食品安全和农业污染问题已经引起公众关注,发展有机农业是解决上述问题的途径.蔡家洼是北京密云的有机农业基地.通过学习台湾农业管理经验和分析蔡家洼的自身特点,并收集了消费者需求,以期找到新的市场增长点.要建立蔡家洼的营销系统,先要解决3个问题:面向的顾客是谁,能够为顾客提供什么样的产品或服务,顾客愿意支付购买的逻辑是什么.然后将蔡家洼基地的营销系统总结为“四化”:产品市场细分化、渠道销售多样化、客户接触紧密化、价格体系弹性化,逐渐形成全方位、多层次、宽领域的合作格局,最终将营销系统与社会责

  18. Resident Fish Stock Status above Chief Joseph and Grand Coulee Dams; 2002-2003 Annual Report.

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Connor, Jason M. (Kalispel Tribe of Indians, Usk, WA); McLellan, Jason G. (Washington Department of Fish and Wildlife); Butler, Chris (Spokane Tribe of Indians, Wellpinit, WA)

    2006-02-01

    initial year of the project (1997) identified the need for a central data storage and analysis facility, coordination with the StreamNet project, compilation of Blocked Area fisheries information, and a report on the ecological condition of the Spokane River System. These needs were addressed in 1998 by acquiring a central location with a data storage and analysis system, coordinating a pilot project with StreamNet, compiling fisheries distribution data throughout the Blocked Area, identifying data gaps based on compiled information, and researching the ecological condition of the Spokane River. In order to ensure that any additional information collected throughout the life of this project will be easily stored and manipulated by the central storage facility, it was necessary to develop standardized methodologies between the JSAP fisheries managers. Common collection and analytical methodologies were developed in 1999. The project began addressing identified data gaps throughout the Blocked Area in 1999. Data collection of established projects and a variety of newly developed sampling projects are ongoing. Projects developed and undertaken by JSAP fisheries managers include investigations of the Pend Orielle River and its tributaries, the Little Spokane River and its tributaries, and water bodies within and near the Spokane Indian Reservation. Migration patterns of adfluvial and reservoir fish in Box Canyon Reservoir and its tributaries, a baseline assessment of Boundary Reservoir and its tributaries, ecological assessment of mountain lakes in Pend Oreille County, and assessments of streams and lakes on the Spokane Indian Reservation were completed by 2001. Assessments of the Little Spokane River and its tributaries, Spokane River below Spokane Falls, tributaries to the Pend Oreille River, small lakes in Pend Oreille County, WA, and water bodies within and near the Spokane Indian Reservation were conducted in 2002 and 2003. This work was done in accordance with the scope

  19. Resident Fish Stock above Chief Joseph and Grand Coulee Dams; 2003-2004 Annual Report.

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Connor, Jason M. (Kalispel Tribe of Indians, Usk, WA); McLellan, Jason G. (Washington Department of Fish and Wildlife, Olympia, WA); Butler, Chris (Spokane Tribe of Indians, Wellpinit, WA)

    2005-11-01

    initial year of the project (1997) identified the need for a central data storage and analysis facility, coordination with the StreamNet project, compilation of Blocked Area fisheries information, and a report on the ecological condition of the Spokane River System. These needs were addressed in 1998 by acquiring a central location with a data storage and analysis system, coordinating a pilot project with StreamNet, compiling fisheries distribution data throughout the Blocked Area, identifying data gaps based on compiled information, and researching the ecological condition of the Spokane River. In order to ensure that any additional information collected throughout the life of this project will be easily stored and manipulated by the central storage facility, it was necessary to develop standardized methodologies between the JSAP fisheries managers. Common collection and analytical methodologies were developed in 1999. The project began addressing identified data gaps throughout the Blocked Area in 1999. Data collection of established projects and a variety of newly developed sampling projects are ongoing. Projects developed and undertaken by JSAP fisheries managers include investigations of the Pend Orielle River and its tributaries, the Little Spokane River and its tributaries, and water bodies within and near the Spokane Indian Reservation. Migration patterns of adfluvial and reservoir fish in Box Canyon Reservoir and its tributaries, a baseline assessment of Boundary Reservoir and its tributaries, ecological assessment of mountain lakes in Pend Oreille County, and assessments of streams and lakes on the Spokane Indian Reservation were completed by 2001. Assessments of the Little Spokane River and its tributaries, Spokane River below Spokane Falls, tributaries to the Pend Oreille River, small lakes in Pend Oreille County, WA, and water bodies within and near the Spokane Indian Reservation were conducted in 2002 and 2003. This work was done in accordance with the scope

  20. Voisins ou ennemis à Arba Wa Nus ? La mise en scène du quotidien des migrants forcés égyptiens et réfugiés sud soudanais dans un quartier populaire du Caire

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Fabienne Le Houérou

    2012-03-01

    Full Text Available Cet article tente, à partir de l’outil vidéo et d’une approche théorique interactive, d’explorer les rapports de voisinage entre deux populations de déplacés (Sud Soudanais et Égyptiens du sud dans une zone irrégulière de la mégapole cairote. Une observation des scènes de la vie quotidienne dans les espaces publics de Quatre et demi (Arba Wa Nus permet de poser l’hypothèse d’un territoire essentiellement marqué par la violence des rapports sociaux. Les agressions dont sont victimes les Sud Soudanais, en provenance du Bar El-Ghazal, sont elles le signe de l’émergence de nouveaux racismes liés à l’augmentation des flux de migrants forcés subsahariens ou alors les hostilités quotidiennes sont-elles le produit social suis-generis d’un espace marginal qui se singularise par l’indigence et le déracinement des populations qui y sont installées ?

  1. 少数民族中以社区为基础的疟疾控制:一个中缅边境佤族社区的疟疾防治进展%Community-based Malaria Control for Ethnic Minority Groups: Malaria Control Progress of a Wa Ethnic Community at China-Myanmar Border

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    许建卫

    2009-01-01

    Case studies can provide useful information and implication for formulating and adjusting health policy. The paper is based on the progress, and summary of the experiences and lessons of malaria control in a community of Wa ethnic minority in China-Myanmar border area since 1997, to analyze multiple determinants contributed to malaria prevalence and control, and then to discuss issues of public health policy both nationally and internationally, and explore the implication for policy.%案例研究可为卫生政策的制定和调整提供有用的信息和启示.本文根据1997年以来中缅边境地区一个佤族社区疟疾防治进展,经验和教训的总结,分析影响疟疾流行及其控制的因素,讨论国家和国际公共卫生问题,以及给卫生政策的启示.

  2. 云南西盟佤族居民患疟求医的现状、费用支付能力和障碍%Current situation affordability and obstacles on treatment - seeking of WA ethnic in Ximeng,Yunnan

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    许建卫; 夏敏; Pricha Petlueng; 陶红; 钟颜春; 吴显华; 刘双明; 温正党; 刘慧

    2004-01-01

    目的评价佤族患疟求医的现状、费用支付能力和障碍.方法对社区居民进行问卷调查和参与式行动评估,对关键人员进行半结构深度访谈.结果自己治疗是村民治疗疟疾的第一行动,只有自己治疗无效后才到卫生机构求医;5.1%(95%CI:2.6~8.9%)问卷调查回答者从不求医,8.8%(95%CI:5.4~13.3%)仅靠自己治疗;37.4%(95%:30.9~44.3%)付不起疟疾治疗费;村民提出的疟疾治疗费为平均RHB 64.15±7.06(范围:0~500)元,88.5%(95%CI:82.4~93.0%)的人认为不能超过RHB100元.结论佤族中的患疟求医行为不当,障碍为经济,地理,知识和技术上的不可及性;疟疾病例的家庭管理是改善疟疾治疗现状的方法之一.%Objectives To assess current situation, affordability and obstacles on malaria treatment- seeking in Wa ethnic.Methods Investigation was carried out by combination of questionnaire surveys (QS) and participatory learning and action to community member, and semi- structured in- depth interview to key informants. Results Self- medication is villager' s first action for malaria treatment. They sought treatment from health facilities again after self- medication did not work. 5.1% ( 95 % CI: 2.6 ~8.9%) of respondents of OS never sought for treatment, and 8.8% (95%CI: 5.4~ 13.3%) only depended on self- medication.37.4% (95%: 30.9~44.3%) of them could not pay for malaria treatment. Mean cost for a malaria case treatment suggested by them was RMB 64.15±7.06 (Range: 0 ~ 500) yuan and 88.5% (95%CI: 82.4~ 93.0%) ofthem considered less than RMB 100 as the appropriate amount. Conclusion Malaria treatment seeking behavior is inappropriate in Wa ethnic. The barrier is inaccessibility in economic, geography, knowledge and technical. Malaria case family management might be an alternative for malaria treatment promotion.

  3. Laser optogalvanic observations and MQDT analysis of mp5nd J = 3 autoionizing resonances in Ar, Kr and Xe

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    We report new measurements of the spectra of argon, krypton and xenon in the autoionization region using a two-step resonant laser excitation and optogalvanic detection technique. By selecting (m)p5(m + 1)p'[3/2]2 as an intermediate state (m = 4, 5 and 6 for Ar, Kr and Xe, respectively), we have been able to single out the (m)p5nd[5/2]3 autoionizing resonances in their spectra. The MQDT parameters have been derived from the analysis of the series perturbations among the (m)p5nd[5/2]3 (m)p5nd[7/2]3 and (m)p5nd'[5/2]3 series in the discrete region using the phase shifted formulation of the three-channel quantum defect theory and from the line profile analysis of the autoionizing resonances above the first ionization threshold. The predicted reduced widths for the autoionizing resonances based on the series perturbation analysis show good agreement with those of the experimentally observed profiles. Accurate values of the resonance energies, quantum defects and reduced widths are reported

  4. 18Cr2Ni4WA齿轮弯曲疲劳试验及基于可靠度的试验数据统计研究%18Cr2Ni4WA GEAR BENDING FATIGUE EXPERIMENT AND EXPERIMENT DATA STATISTICAL ANALYSIS BASED ON RELIABILITY THEORY

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    武志斐; 王铁; 张瑞亮; 李威

    2012-01-01

    针对18Cr2Ni4WA渗碳淬火齿轮弯曲疲劳试验,介绍试验方法、试验齿轮、试验机及夹具,说明应力水平确定方法,最后通过失效判据判定失效寿命得出试验点数据,根据试验数据拟合出R-S-N曲线,并对试验数据处理方法进行探索.根据试验数据确定其寿命的威布尔分布,为渗碳淬火齿轮的可靠性定量评估提供一种切实可行的方法,为齿轮可靠性设计提供基础试验数据.%Deal with the bench 18Cr2Ni4WA carburizing and quenching gear bending fatigue experiment, the experimental method,experimental gear, experimental machine and fixture, stress levels are introduced, the experimental sites data obtained from gear failure life, the R-5-N curve is fitted according to experiment data, the experimental sites data processing method is also explored. The Weibull distributing made scientific researches on test gear was put forward and the concrete distributing of bending fatigue life is confirmed. Meanwhile, a faithfully way with reliability analysis of the carburizing and quenching gear is provided. Otherwise, based test data for gear reliability design.

  5. Net Anthropogenic Nitrogen Inputs in the Seattle, WA Metropolitan Area

    Science.gov (United States)

    Larson, E. K.; Alberti, M.

    2014-12-01

    Nitrogen loading has been identified as a potential stressor to marine ecosystems of the Puget Sound in the Pacific Northwest, and the Washington State Department of Ecology has estimated that anthropogenic sources of dissolved inorganic nitrogen to the Sound are 2.7 times higher than natural loads (Mohamedali et al. 2011). The Seattle urban area, situated in the southeast of the Sound, has the largest population in the northwestern US. Heavily urbanized along the coast, the 4 counties comprising the region (Snohomish, King, Pierce, and Kitsap) also include forests and agriculture. Urban and agricultural areas tend to have substantial anthropogenic N loading due to fertilizer application, presence of N-fixing vegetation, N atmospheric deposition, and human and other animal waste. To determine the relative contribution of urban vs. rural agricultural activities to N loads from the Seattle region to the Puget Sound, we used the Net Anthropogenic Nitrogen Inputs (NANI) calculator developed by Hong et al. (2011) for the watersheds of this region. The NANI calculator uses nationally available datasets to calculate NANI as the sum of oxidized N deposition, fertilizer application, agricultural N fixation, net food and feed inputs, and net animal and human N consumption. We found that NANI ranged from approximately 100 to 1500 kg m-2 y-1, with some of the highest rates in watersheds with high impervious surface or agricultural areas with N-fixing crops or large fertilizer additions. Many of the agricultural watersheds have intervening low-NANI watershed between themselves and the coast, thus it is likely that agricultural NANI is attenuated before entering the Puget Sound. The urban areas in the region do not have these attenuating watersheds, and so are likely to be the main contributor to the observed total aquatic N yield. This information is helpful for developing policies to reduce N loading to the Sound.

  6. 77 FR 28767 - Drawbridge Operation Regulation; Hood Canal, WA

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-05-16

    ... rush hour road traffic by reducing bridge openings, thereby reducing traffic queues and delays due to... available for inspection or copying at the Docket Management Facility (M-30), U.S. Department of... (77 FR 12514). We received 17 comments on the proposed ] rule. No public meeting was requested,...

  7. MULTICULTURAL DA‘WA IN SCHOOLS FROM A SOCIOLOGICAL PERSPECTIVE

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Siti Irene Astuti Dwiningrum

    2014-12-01

    Dakwah multikultural untuk membangun paradigma pendidikan multikultural tidak mudah karena struktur masyarakat memiliki diterminan sosial, budaya, ekonomi dan politik. Pelaksanaan pendidikan multikultural terkait dengan berbagai unsur sosial dalam masyarakat yang satu dengan yang lain belum sinergis. Paparan ini akan mengungkap dakwah multikultural yang dilaksanakan di sekolah dan me­lihat strategi pendidikan multikultural dilaksanakan di sekolah. Melalui pe­neliti­an kualitatif dengan menggambarkan data awal terkait dengan aktivitas dakwah multikultural pada tiga SMA di Yogyakarta, Daerah Istimewa Yogyakarta, Indonesia. Penelitian ini berkesimpulan dakwah multikultural di sekolah merupakan kom­binasi dari beberapa pendekatan yakni pendekatan kontribusi, pendekatan aditif, pendekatan transformasi, dan pendekatan aksi sosial. Dengan dakwah multikultural dapat membantu siswa untuk mengembangkan identitas sosial yang hendak dicapainya berdasarkan nilai-nilai keadilan, kesetaraan dan menghargai perbedaan. Adapun strategi yang dikembangkan oleh sekolah untuk melaksanakan dakwah multikultural adalah dengan cara mengembangkan kemampuan ber­bahasa, kelas bahasa, perfomance seni, penggunaan simbol budaya, pertukaran pelajar antar suku atau antar negara, unifomitas.

  8. Malamih al-Ashwat al-'Arabiyyah wa Makharijaha

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Amrah Muhammad Kasim

    2015-12-01

    Full Text Available This writing discusses on al-ashwat al-‘arabiyyah that is known with “phonetic” term. It talks and interprets makharij al-huruf or place for producing sounds and also processing production of sounds by parts of mouth in Arabic language. The problems of sounds and its systems in Arabic language have been conducted by the scholars of al-ashwat al-‘arabiyyah attractively, neatly, and detail and gotten ahead the phonetic western scholars. Part of their analysis results formulate the study about al-ashwat al-sakinah (al-Shamit is known with vocal and consonant sounds in research questions shawait – shawamit. Ibnu Jinni has formulated “harakat”(wowel in Arabic language and dimension of letter  mad and liyn on alif  letter - waw - ya’ (ا و ي, from these letters create  harakat fathah, dammah, and kasrah. Moreover, in this writing also exist the description of hija’i letters and its makhraj that are correct from parts of mouth and the unity of coordinative sounds that produce sounds in morphemes arrangement, in one word that produces meaning. The result of phonological study has divided al-ashwat to be kinds of sound like the pronounced sounds, produced sounds from mouth, and heard sound.

  9. 78 FR 46258 - Drawbridge Operation Regulation Lake Washington, Seattle, WA

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-07-31

    ... minimize road traffic congestion resulting from the closure of Interstate 90. The Evergreen Point Floating... help minimize traffic congestion during the event. DATES: This deviation is effective from 9:30 a.m. on... 90 will be closed to road traffic during this time, which would divert road traffic onto...

  10. Development of blue rose; Aoi bara wa sakuka

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Kondo, T. [Nagoya University, Nagoya (Japan); Yoshida, K.

    1998-06-01

    Precise crystalline structures of pigments in petals have been elucidated by structural analysis of the blue pigment in Commelinaceae petals using X-ray analysis. It is found that the Mg ion is coordinated with the oxygen atom on the B-nucleus in the base nucleus of delphinidin (belonging to anthocyanidine, a pigment obtained by separating sugar from anthocyanin by hydrolysis) to develop a blue color, and that the complex is a stable supermolecule in which 6 pigment molecules are associated regularly with 6 flavone molecules. The similar mechanisms are responsible for development of blue color for flowers, and widely occurring in nature. Biosynthesis of anthocyanin, beginning with phenylalanine, undergoes virtually common processes; cyclization of the flavonoide skeleton, reduction to the anthocyanidine nucleus, hydroxylation of the B-nucleus in the base nucleus and glycoside formation at the 3-site. It will be possible to shift rose color to blue, if anthocyanin belonging to anthocyanidine could be bio-synthesized by introducing the gene of enzyme for 3`, 5`-hydroxylation on the base nucleus, which the rose lacks. 4 refs., 4 figs.

  11. Hyperon production in the WA89 experiment at CERN

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    We studied the production of strange baryons and anti-baryons in 345 GeV/c Σ-+Cu, π-+Cu and 260 GeV/c n+Cu interactions. The observation of different excited resonances with identical quark flavor content but different spin structure allows to explore the importance of the constituent diquark structure in the excited hyperons. The xF distributions of Λ - Λ pairs indicate different distribution functions for the two coincident baryons. On the other hand two anti Λ follow identical distribution functions. Momentum conservation during the formation process may represent a significant source for the observed behaviour. (orig.)

  12. 2014 USACE USGS Topobathy Lidar DEM: Puget Sound (WA)

    Data.gov (United States)

    National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, Department of Commerce — These files were collected for the USGS. The files include 9 separate project areas. These areas are named: Edmonds, Nisqually, Padilla Fidalgo, Port Susan, Port...

  13. DOE ZERH Case Study: Dwell Development, Reclaimed Modern, Seattle, WA

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    none,

    2015-09-01

    Case study of a DOE 2015 Housing Innovation Award winning custom home in the cold climate that got a HERS 30 without PV, with 2x8 24” on center walls with blown fiberglass and 4” polysio rigid foam; basement with 2” XPS interior, 4” under slab, 4” exterior of foundation wall; vented attic with R-100 blown cellulose; wo air-to-air heat pumps SEER 14.1; HSPF 9.6; heat pump water heater.

  14. 2013-2014 USGS Lidar: Olympic Peninsula (WA)

    Data.gov (United States)

    National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, Department of Commerce — TASK NAME: USGS Olympic Peninsula Washington LIDAR LiDAR Data Acquisition and Processing Production Task USGS Contract No. G10PC00057 Task Order No. G13PD00849...

  15. DCS Survey Submission for Unincorporated Pierce County, WA

    Data.gov (United States)

    Federal Emergency Management Agency, Department of Homeland Security — Survey data includes spatial datasets and data tables necessary to digitally represent data collected in the survey phase of the study. (Source: FEMA Guidelines and...

  16. Resident Fish Stock above Chief Joseph and Grand Coulee Dams; 2002 Annual Report.

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Connor, Jason M. (Kalispel Department of Natural Resources, Usk, WA); McLellan, Jason G. (Washington Department of Fish and Wildlife, Spokane, WA); Butler, Chris (Spokane Tribe of Indians, Department of Natural Resources, Wellpinit, WA)

    2003-09-01

    . The initial year of the project (1997) identified the need for a central data storage and analysis facility, coordination with the StreamNet project, compilation of Blocked Area fisheries information, and a report on the ecological condition of the Spokane River System. These needs were addressed in 1998 by acquiring a central location with a data storage and analysis system, coordinating a pilot project with StreamNet, compiling fisheries distribution data throughout the Blocked Area, identifying data gaps based on compiled information, and researching the ecological condition of the Spokane River. In order to ensure that any additional information collected throughout the life of this project will be easily stored and manipulated by the central storage facility, it was necessary to develop standardized methodologies between the JSAP fisheries managers. Common collection and analytical methodologies were developed in 1999. In 1999, 2000, and 2001 the project began addressing some of the identified data gaps throughout the Blocked Area. Data collection of established projects and a variety of newly developed sampling projects are ongoing. Projects developed and undertaken by JSAP fisheries managers include investigations of the Pend Orielle River and its tributaries, the Little Spokane River and its tributaries, and water bodies within and near the Spokane Indian Reservation. Migration patterns of adfluvial and reservoir fish in Box Canyon Reservoir and its tributaries, a baseline assessment of Boundary Reservoir and its tributaries, ecological assessment of mountain lakes in Pend Oreille County, and assessments of streams and lakes on the Spokane Indian Reservation were completed by 2001. Assessments of the Little Spokane River and its tributaries, tributaries to the Pend Oreille River, small lakes in Pend Oreille County, WA, and water bodies within and near the Spokane Indian Reservation were conducted in 2002. This work was done in accordance with the scope of work

  17. Association between Depressive Symptoms and Metabolic Syndrome in Police Officers: Results from Two Cross-Sectional Studies

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Policing is one of the most dangerous and stressful occupations and such stress can have deleterious effects on health. The purpose of this study was to examine the association between depressive symptoms and metabolic syndrome (Met Syn) in male and female police officers from two study populations, Buffalo, NY and Spokane, WA. Depressive symptoms were measured using the Center for Epidemiologic Studies-Depression (CES-D) scale. Met Syn was defined using the 2005 AHA/NHBLI guidelines. Analysis of covariance was used to describe differences in number of Met Syn components across depressive symptom categories. The number of Met Syn components increased significantly across categories of CES-D for Spokane men only (p-trend = 0.003). For each 5-unit increase in CES-D score, odds increased by 47.6% for having hypertriglyceridemia, by 51.8% for having hypertension, and by 56.7% for having glucose intolerance. Exploring this association is important since both are predictors of future chronic health problems and the results could be helpful in developing future gender-specific prevention and intervention efforts among police officers

  18. The impacts of balanced and exhaust mechanical ventilation on indoor radon

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Models for estimating radon entry rates, indoor radon concentrations, and ventilation rates in houses with a basement or a vented crawl-space and ventilated by natural infiltration, mechanical exhaust ventilation, or balanced mechanical ventilation are described. Simulations are performed for a range of soil and housing characteristics using hourly weather data for the heating season in Spokane, WA. For a house with a basement, we show that any ventilation technique should be acceptable when the soil permeability is less than approximately 10-12m2. However, exhaust ventilation leads to substantially higher indoor radon concentrations than infiltration or balanced ventilation with the same average air exchange rate when the soil permeability is 10-10m2 or greater. For houses with a crawl-space, indoor radon concentrations are lowest with balanced ventilation, intermediate with exhaust ventilation, and highest with infiltration

  19. How gender disparities drive imbalances in health care leadership

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Hoss MAK

    2011-11-01

    Full Text Available Mary Ann Keogh Hoss1, Paula Bobrowski2, Kathryn J McDonagh3, Nancy M Paris41Health Services Administration, Eastern Washington University, College of Business and Public Administration, Spokane, WA, USA; 2College of Liberal Arts, Auburn University, Auburn, AL, USA; 3Executive Relations, Hospira Inc, Lake Forest, IL, USA; 4Georgia Center for Oncology Research and Education, Atlanta, GA, USAAbstract: Low female representation in US hospital chief executive officer positions has persisted for decades. This article addresses gender disparity in professional development, the rationale for gender differences, and practical strategies to address this imbalance. The health care workforce consists of 75% women, but according to two recent surveys, ie, a state survey and a survey of the top 100 US hospitals, women hold only about 12% of chief executive officer positions in US hospitals. Significant and dedicated efforts by both individuals and organizations are necessary to rectify this imbalance.Keywords: gender, imbalance, leadership, United States, hospitals

  20. A thick homogeneous vegetated cover design proves cost - and schedule-effective for the reclamation of uranium mills sites near Spokane, Washington

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Blacklaw, J.; Robertson, G.; Stoffel, D.; Ahmad, J.; Fordham, E. [Washington State Dept. of Health, Olympia, WA (United States)] [and others

    1997-08-01

    The Washington State Department of Health (WDOH) has licensed two medium sized uranium mills with tailings impoundments covering 28 and 40 hectares (70 and 100 acres), respectively, The uranium mill licensees have submitted closure and reclamation plans to the state, and site-specific conditions have determined the closure design features, Conventional uranium mill cover designs usually incorporate an overall cap of one to three meters, which includes a low-permeability clay barrier layer. A technical evaluation of several uranium mill facilities that used this design was published in the fall of 1994 and reported that unexpected vegetation root damage had occurred in the low-permeability clay (or bentonite amended) barrier layers. The technical report suggested that the low-permeability design feature at some sites could be compromised within a very short time and the regulatory goal of 1,000 years performance might not be achieved. In October 1994, WDOH sponsored a technical forum meeting to consider design alternatives to address these reliability concerns. Representatives from the federal government, nuclear industry, licensees, engineering firms, and state regulatory agencies attended the workshop. Risk factors considered in the evaluation of the uranium mill reclamation plans include: (1) radon gas emanation through the cover (the air pathway), and (2) migration of hazardous and/or radioactive constituents (the groundwater pathway). Additional design considerations include site structural stability, longevity of 1,000 years, and no active (ongoing) maintenance. 9 refs.

  1. 《诸道听耳世间猿》对戏剧作品的受容--以第四卷第三回《服丧三年于青楼》中的“诗文对答”为中心%A Case Study on the Use of Theatrical Scripts in Shodo Kikimimi Sekenzaru---Focusing on the Repartee in Poetry in Kugai Wa Sudeni Sannen No Mofuku(Chapter III in Volume IV)

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王欣

    2015-01-01

    上田秋成浮世草子《诸道听耳世间猿》第四卷第三回《服丧三年于青楼》中男女主人公的“诗文对答”可谓这篇小说的独到之处,但在以往的各种研究中都没有考察男女主人公的“诗文对答”部分。该文从人物造型、场面设定角度出发,结合日本江户时代的青楼行规,不仅分析了《诸道听耳世间猿》第四卷第三回的“诗文对答”对戏剧净瑠璃《新薄雪物语》、谣曲《白乐天》的受容状况,还首次阐述了其构成方法及特色,即通过戏剧与江户时代市民文化的融合将人物诙谐化。%The repartee in poetry between the hero and the heroine in Kugai Wa Sudeni Sannen No Mofuku( Chapter III in Volume IV)of the Ukiyozoshi Shodo Kikimimi Sekenzaru is a unique feature of this novel,which was not investigated by previous studies. Considering brothel standards in the Edo Period of Japan,the paper analyzes the influences of the Jyoruri Sin Usuyuki Monogatari and the Yokyoku Hakurakuten on this repartee from the perspectives of the character modeling and the scene setting. The formation and characteristic of Chapter III in Volume IV of Shodo Kikimimi Sekenzaru was pointed out for the first time that the humor of characters rises from the combination of drama and the public culture of the Edo Period.

  2. States of ρ D{sup *} anti D{sup *} with J = 3 within the fixed center approximation to the Faddeev equations

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Bayar, M. [Kocaeli University, Department of Physics, Izmit (Turkey); Centro Mixto Universidad de Valencia-CSIC Institutos de Investigacion de Paterna, Departamento de Fisica Teorica y IFIC, Valencia (Spain); Ren, Xiu-Lei [Beihang University, School of Physics and Nuclear Energy Engineering and International Research Center for Nuclei and Particles in the Cosmos, Beijing (China); Centro Mixto Universidad de Valencia-CSIC Institutos de Investigacion de Paterna, Departamento de Fisica Teorica y IFIC, Valencia (Spain); Oset, E. [Centro Mixto Universidad de Valencia-CSIC Institutos de Investigacion de Paterna, Departamento de Fisica Teorica y IFIC, Valencia (Spain)

    2015-05-15

    We study the interaction of ρ, D* and anti D* with spins aligned using the fixed center approximation to the Faddeev equations. We select a cluster of D{sup *} anti D{sup *}, which is found to be bound in I = 0 and can be associated to the X(3915), and let the ρ meson orbit around the D* and anti D*. In this case we find an I = 1 state with mass around 4340 MeV and narrow width of about 50 MeV. We also investigate the case with a cluster of ρD* and let the anti D* orbit around the system of the two states. The ρD* cluster is also found to bind and leads to the D{sub 2}{sup *} state. The addition of the extra anti D* produces further binding and we find, with admitted uncertainties, a state of I = 0 around 4000 MeV, and a less bound narrow state with I = 1 around 4200 MeV. (orig.)

  3. The eicosapentaenoic acid metabolite 15-deoxy-δ(12,14-prostaglandin J3 increases adiponectin secretion by adipocytes partly via a PPARγ-dependent mechanism.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jennifer Lefils-Lacourtablaise

    Full Text Available The intake of ω-3 polyunsaturated fatty acids (PUFAs, which are abundant in marine fish meat and oil, has been shown to exert many beneficial effects. The mechanisms behind those effects are numerous, including interference with the arachidonic acid cascade that produces pro-inflammatory eicosanoids, formation of novel bioactive lipid mediators, and change in the pattern of secreted adipocytokines. In our study, we show that eicosapentaenoic acid (EPA increases secreted adiponectin from 3T3-L1 adipocytes and in plasma of mice as early as 4 days after initiation of an EPA-rich diet. Using 3T3-L1 adipocytes, we report for the first time that 15-deoxy-δ(12,14-PGJ3 (15d-PGJ3, a product of EPA, also increases the secretion of adiponectin. We demonstrate that the increased adiponectin secretion induced by 15d-PGJ3 is partially peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor-gamma (PPAR-γ-mediated. Finally, we show that 3T3-L1 adipocytes can synthesize 15d-PGJ3 from EPA. 15d-PGJ3 was also detected in adipose tissue from EPA-fed mice. Thus, these studies provide a novel mechanism(s for the therapeutic benefits of ω-3 polyunsaturated fatty acids dietary supplementation.

  4. Electron impact excitation out of the metastable levels of argon into the 3p{sup 5}4p J = 3 level

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Boffard, J.B.; Piech, G.A.; Gehrke, M.F.; Lagus, M.E.; Anderson, L.W.; Lin, C.C. [Wisconsin Univ., Madison, WI (United States). Dept. of Physics

    1996-11-28

    We have measured the direct cross section for electron impact excitation out of the metastable 3p{sup 5}4s[3/2]{sub 2}{sup 0} level (1s{sub 5} in Paschen`s notation) into the 3p{sup 5}4p[5/2]{sub 3} level (2p{sub 9}) of argon from threshold to 800 eV. The direct cross section is 40 x 10{sup -16} cm{sup 2} at 10 eV. (author).

  5. States of ρB{sup *} anti B{sup *} with J = 3 within the fixed center approximation to Faddeev equations

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Bayar, M. [Kocaeli University, Department of Physics, Izmit (Turkey); Centro Mixto Universidad de Valencia-CSIC, Institutos de Investigacion de Paterna, Departamento de Fisica Teorica and IFIC, Aptdo. 22085, Valencia (Spain); Fernandez-Soler, P.; Sun, Zhi-Feng; Oset, E. [Centro Mixto Universidad de Valencia-CSIC, Institutos de Investigacion de Paterna, Departamento de Fisica Teorica and IFIC, Aptdo. 22085, Valencia (Spain)

    2016-04-15

    In this work we study the ρB{sup *} anti B{sup *} three-body system solving the Faddeev equations in the fixed center approximation. We assume the B{sup *} anti B{sup *} system forming a cluster, and in terms of the two-body ρB{sup *} unitarized scattering amplitudes in the local hidden gauge approach we find a new I(J{sup PC}) = 1(3{sup -}) state. The mass of the new state corresponds to a two-particle invariant mass of the ρB{sup *} system close to the resonant energy of the *, indicating that the role of this J = 2 resonance is important in the dynamical generation of the new state. (orig.)

  6. A Modern Analog to the Depositional Age Problem: Zircon and Apatite Fission Track and U-Pb Age Distributions by LA-ICP-MS

    Science.gov (United States)

    Donelick, H. M.; Donelick, M. B.; Donelick, R. A.

    2012-12-01

    Sand from three river systems in North Idaho (Snake River near Lewiston, Clearwater River near Lewiston and the Salmon River near White Bird) and two regional ash fall events (Mt. Mazama and Mt. St. Helens) were collected for zircon U-Pb detrital age analysis. Up to 120 grains of zircon per sample were ablated using a Resonetics M-50 193 nm ArF Excimer laser ablation (LA) system and the Pb, Th, and U isotopic signals were quantified using an Agilent 7700x quadrupole inductively coupled plasma-mass spectrometer (ICP-MS). Isotopic signals for major, minor, and trace elements, including all REEs, were also monitored. The youngest zircon U-Pb ages from the river samples were approximately 44 Ma; Cenozoic Idaho Batholith and Precambrian Belt Supergroup ages were well represented. Significant common Pb contamination of the Clearwater River sample (e.g., placer native Cu was observed in the sample) precluded detailed analysis of the zircon U-Pb ages but no interpretable ages <44 Ma were observed. Interestingly, not one of the river samples yielded zircon U-Pb ages near 0 Ma, despite all three catchment areas having received significant ash from Mt. St. Helens in 1980, and Mount Mazama 7,700 years ago, and no doubt other events during the Quaternary. Work currently in progress seeks to address bias against near 0 Ma ages in the catchment areas due to: a) small, local ash fall grain sizes and b) overwhelming number of older grains relative to the ash fall grains. Data from Mt. St. Helens ash from several localities near the mountain (Toutle River and Maple Flats, WA) and several far from the mountain (Spokane, WA; Princeton, ID; Kalispell, MT) and Mt. Mazama ash fall deposits near Lewiston, ID and Spokane, WA will be presented to address these possibilities. Additionally, fission track and U-Pb ages from apatites collected from these river and ash fall samples will also be shown to help constrain the problem.

  7. Al-Islām wa al-Madd wa al-Jazr fī al-‘Alāqāt bayn al-Dīn wa al-Dawlah fī Indonesia

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ismatu Ropi

    2016-09-01

    Full Text Available This article reviews the complex contestation between religion and state in terms of the Muslims role in the formation of nation state since Indonesia’s independence. The article’s first part discusses the emergence of new middle-class Muslims that played a key role in the Islamization process and contribute to the emergence of Islamist attitudes and behavior. These attitudes tend to be strengthened and lead the potential latent extremism endangering multiculturalism and multireligious life in Indonesia. The article’s second part focuses on the long history of the Muslims role as majority groups in the formation of the constitution’s nomenclature relating to the position of religion in the state system. The new middle-class Muslims also have a desire to achieve their dreams exposing the greater portion of religion in public sphere. It can be seen from the strengthening of those Muslims activists in the parliament to transform the comprehensive meaning of the concept of God.DOI: 10.15408/sdi.v23i2.3715

  8. Al-Islām wa al-qānūn wa al-dawlah: Dirāsah fī fikri Ki Bagus Hadikusumo wa dawrihi

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sudarnoto Abdul Hakim

    2014-07-01

    Full Text Available This article discusses the intellectual and political biography of Ki Bagus Hadikusumo, a prominent Muslim leader in Indonesia. He was born in Yogyakarta where he grew up  in a Muslim priyayi family of Kauman in the city. This study explains that the Sufi tradition of Pesantren Wonokromo in Yogyakarta deeply influenced his religious thoughts. Later, he was noted as one of the first students of K.H. Ahmad Dahlan, the founder of Muhammadiyah. It is clear that he was under a strong intellectual, ideological and religious influence of Dahlan. He published works on Islamic theology, Fiqh, Sufism, and also on Islam and state. During the Japanese occupation, he  became the Chairman of Muhammadiyah organization . Ki Bagus was also known as a prominent leader of political parties, i.e. PII, MIAI, Masyumi and then a prominent member of BPUPKI, an important element of Indonesian independence in 1945. Representing a nationalist-Islamist wing, he greatly contributed to the politics of early modern Indonesia by (1 preparing  the Indonesian constitution, and (2 providing solid arguments for Muslims to accept Pancasila as the nation’s state ideology.Copyright (c 2014 by SDI. All right reserved.DOI: 10.15408/sdi.v21i1.881

  9. 'Awamil wa-anasir taysir wa-ta'sir ta'lim al-luga al-'arabiyya li-l-natiqina bi-l-asbaniyya

    OpenAIRE

    Roser Nebot, Nicolás

    2015-01-01

    Se abordan los elementos de la lengua española y de las condiciones de estudio de los alumnos españoles de lengua árabe desde las perspectiva de su potencial para facilitar o dificultar el aprendizaje de la lengua árabe y eso en los tres niveles morfológico, sintáctico y léxico. Se incluye además, un análisis, desde la perspectiva de la investigación, de los métodos de aprendizaje de la lengua árabe usados en España. Universidad de Málaga. Campus de Excelencia Internacional Andalucía Tech....

  10. 2006 Puget Sound LiDAR Consortium (PSLC) Topographic LiDAR: Lewis County, WA

    Data.gov (United States)

    National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, Department of Commerce — Watershed Sciences, Inc. collected Light Detection and Ranging (LiDAR) data of Western Lewis County for the Puget Sound LiDAR Consortium. This data set covers...

  11. 77 FR 23507 - Notice of Inventory Completion: Museum of Anthropology at Washington State University, Pullman, WA

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-04-19

    ... appropriate Indian tribes, and has determined that there is a cultural affiliation between the human remains... claimants come forward. DATES: Representatives of any Indian tribe that believes it has a cultural... by the physical character of the remains, particularly the dental remains. The western border...

  12. Al-Salaf wa al-Salafiyah fi al-Fikr al-Islamy

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mustafa Dasuki Kasabah

    2009-03-01

    Full Text Available The principles of salafiah approach can be summarized into three distinguished characteristics: first is comprehension, second is authenticity or originality and not imitation (taqlid, while the last is improvement or progress and not conservatism. Salafiah is in fact not inconsistent with the progress and improvement, while their calling for returning to the original and main sources is approved by the religion and not in contradiction with the reality of Muslim. Moreover, it is a valid approach in achieving a better life in this world and hereafter. The objectives of salafiah are to purify the faith from the heresies (bid’ah, to educate Islamic personality, to open human mind to accept all the new in the fields of the experimental sciences, and to establish the faith from its sources which is far from the emerging narrow-minded religion sects recently. Finally, the salafist open widely to the experimental sciences, to the uses of scientific results, to the great invention in industrial sector and to the modern technology as they are very useful to support and sustain the Islamic teachings in the context of a more beautiful life with a less difficulties.

  13. 77 FR 41977 - City of Seattle, WA; Notice of Availability of Environmental Assessment

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-07-17

    ... construction and operation of a proposed second power tunnel and fish flow measures and concludes that... federal action that would significantly affect the quality of the human environment. Copies of the EA...

  14. port_townsend_wa_1-3_arc-second_mhw.new.grd

    Data.gov (United States)

    National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, Department of Commerce — NGDC builds and distributes high-resolution, coastal digital elevation models (DEMs) that integrate ocean bathymetry and land topography to support NOAA's mission...

  15. DIRASAH AL-USLUB WA AL-USLUBIYAH FI NAQD AL-ARABY

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Habibullah Ali Ibrahim Ali

    2015-08-01

    Full Text Available In this study, we addressed method and style in Arabic criticism. By the efforts of Arab critics of old and new issue, the subjects of study were as follows: First, the stylistic origins. It means a stylistic in linguistic and rhetoric and literary criticism and other related; Second, analysis of stylistic levels where we focus on stylistic study premises for literary texts; Third, a study of the method in the old Arab criticism, in this part of the study, we noted some efforts by Arab critics about stylistic and their relevance studies in this stylistic aspect; Fourth, the stylistic of contemporary Arab criticism. This aspect of the survey stood at some critics of contemporary Arab studies in Stylistics, as stated what distinguishes each study than other studies. It is included as an appendix in whale most important results achieved in this study.

  16. NAZHARIYAH AL-'AMIL WA TADLAFUR AL-QARA'IN INDA TAMMAM HASSAN

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Taufik Luthfi

    2016-06-01

    Full Text Available The researcher attempts to identify the thoughts of Tamman Hassan concerning Tadhâfur al-Qarâ'in and 'Amil theories in Arabic language grammar. This research is qualitative descriptive research. The data of this reseach based on Tamman Hassan’s legacy concerning the subject of tadhafur al-qarain. This study is based upon two main subjects, namely analysis of the content of the book and compares with the thoughts of other scholars. The study concluded that the new concept devised by Tammam Hassan called tadhafur al-qarain theory. This theory rejects the concept of ‘amil from classic grammar experts in grammatical analysis and understanding of Arabic texts. Tammam Hassan then replaces the concept of ‘amil, by analysis of the link between ma’na and mabna.

  17. "WaGaWaa" musiikkikeskustelua verkossa : verkkokuuntelupiiri musiikkikirjaston kehittämiskohteena

    OpenAIRE

    Lehto, Toni

    2015-01-01

    Tämän opinnäytetyön päätavoite oli suunnitella ja toteuttaa verkkokuuntelupiiri sekä arvioida sitä. Syynä oli musiikkikirjastojen tarve uudenlaisille palveluille, jonka äänitteiden lainaamisen väheneminen on nostanut esiin. Verkkokuuntelupiiri luotiin lukupiirin teoriaa soveltaen. Toimeksiantaja oli Turun pääkirjaston musiikkiosasto. Kuuntelu tapahtui ensisijaisesti Naxos Music Library -verkkopalvelun kautta, ja keskustelu käytiin Facebook-ryhmässä. Teemana oli länsimaisen taidemusiikin v...

  18. Darul Talif-Wa-Tarjuma, Jamia Usmani (Usmania University Hyderabad, India).

    Science.gov (United States)

    Razawi, Shafqat Hussain

    1996-01-01

    The evolution of Usmania University in Hyderabad, India, is chronicled. The idea of establishing a university in Hyderabad in which instruction took place in Urdu was presented in 1878, 1885, and 1894, and in 1914 the proposal became a movement, with the nation's education department undertaking the early work, designing a syllabus to correspond…

  19. Decontamination and decommissioning assessment for the Waste Incineration Facility (Building 232-Z) Hanford Site, [Hanford], WA

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Building 232-Z is an element of the Plutonium Finishing Plant (PFP) located in the 200 West Area of the Hanford Site. From 1961 until 1972, plutonium-bearing combustible materials were incinerated in the building. Between 1972 and 1983, following shutdown of the incinerator, the facility was used for waste segregation activities. The facility was placed in retired inactive status in 1984 and classified as a Limited Control Facility pursuant to DOE Order 5480.5, Safety of Nuclear Facilities, and 6430.1A, General Design Criteria. The current plutonium inventory within the building is estimated to be approximately 848 grams, the majority of which is retained within the process hood ventilation system. As a contaminated retired facility, Building 232-Z is included in the DOE Surplus Facility Management Program. The objective of this Decontamination and Decommissioning (D ampersand D) assessment is to remove Building 232-Z, thereby elmininating the radiological and environmental hazards associated with the plutonium inventory within the structure. The steps to accomplish the plan objectives are: (1) identifying the locations of the most significant amounts of plutonium, (2) removing residual plutonium, (3) removing and decontaminating remaining building equipment, (4) dismantling the remaining structure, and (5) closing out the project

  20. DCS Terrain Submission for City of Washougal PAL, Clark County WA

    Data.gov (United States)

    Federal Emergency Management Agency, Department of Homeland Security — Terrain data, as defined in FEMA Guidelines and Specifications, Appendix M: Data Capture Standards, describes the digital topographic data that was used to create...

  1. DCS Hydrology Submission for City of Longview PAL, Cowlitz County WA

    Data.gov (United States)

    Federal Emergency Management Agency, Department of Homeland Security — Hydrology data include spatial datasets and data tables necessary for documenting the hydrologic procedures for estimating flood discharges for a flood insurance...

  2. A petrologic study of the Teanaway Basalt: Eocene slab window volcanism in central WA

    Science.gov (United States)

    Roepke, E.; Tepper, J. H.; Ivener, D.

    2013-12-01

    The Teanaway Basalt (TB) includes subaerial basalt to andesite flows, mafic to felsic tuffs, and rhyolite domes in the Central Cascades of Washington State. These volcanics overlie the extensive ~47 Ma Teanaway Dike Swarm (TDS) that cuts the underlying Swauk Formation. This study focuses on the tectonic setting of eruption and geochemical variations relating to geography and stratigraphy within the TB. The western-most area of the TB, Easton Ridge (ER), is compared with the eastern-most area of the TB, Liberty Ridge (LR) - 40 km to the east of ER. The bimodal TB consists predominantly of basaltic andesite and andesite (45.3-63.1 wt% SiO2) with subordinate rhyolite (75.9-79.4 wt% SiO2). The mafic rocks classify as primarily medium-K tholeiites (0.1-3.0 wt% K2O), but a few samples classify as alkaline. Enrichment in LILE and depletion in HFSE on spidergrams are indicative of an arc setting. However, compared with the modern Cascade Arc, the TB is distinctly higher in Fe2O3T (8.8-17.1 wt%) and TiO2 (1.1-2.7 wt%), and distinctly lower in Al2O3 (11.2-14.6) and K2O, with a similar range of Mg #s (0.15-0.48). Most tectonic discrimination plots characterize the TB as MORB, but some indicate an arc or within-plate setting. Preliminary Pb isotopic data (206Pb/204Pb = 19.13-19.19, 207Pb/204Pb = 15.62-15.64, and 208Pb/204Pb = 38.78-38.90) indicate the TB and TDS are more enriched than Cascade Arc rocks in 206Pb/204Pb and 208Pb/204Pb. Overall, these geochemical data are consistent with a model in which asthenospheric mantle ascending through a slab window interacts with mantle wedge that has previously acquired arc chemical traits. The existence of a slab window in this region during the mid-Eocene is compatible with plate reconstructions and evidence of extension that have been attributed to subduction of the Resurrection-Kula ridge (Haeussler et al., 2003). Harker plots show lavas at LR are generally more enriched than those at ER in Fe2O3T (11.9-17.1 wt% vs 8.8-15.7 wt%) MnO (0.16-0.28 wt% vs 0.11-0.24 wt%), and TiO2 (1.2-2.4 wt% vs 0.8-2.7 wt%), and have a narrower range of CaO (1.5-9.4 wt%) and Na2O (1.5-3.3 wt%) concentrations. Both LR and ER samples display modest LREE enrichment (La/Yb = 2.1-3.7) and similar incompatible element ratios, suggesting similar sources. ER samples show a broader range of REE contents but extend to lower levels, and have smaller negative Eu anomalies (Eu/Eu* = 0.55-0.96). Pearce element ratio plots suggest much of the variation reflects different degrees of plag+cpx fractionation. Alkaline lavas are restricted to ER and the central area of the TB. Differences in concentration at similar Mg# (most notably in Fe2O3T, TiO2, MnO, and Na2O) suggest multiple parent magmas, probably from similar mantle sources. With increasing stratigraphic height in the ~1.6 km thick LR section, there are general decreases in SiO2 (60 to 54 wt%), and general increases in CaO (4 to 8 wt%), MnO (0.1-0.15 wt%), and P2O5 (0.2-0.65 wt%). Mg# displays several cycles of decrease followed by increase, each extending over 400-1000m. These trends are suggestive of an evolving system that experienced multiple replenishment events.

  3. Dense Medium Plasma Water Purification Reactor (DMP WaPR) Project

    Data.gov (United States)

    National Aeronautics and Space Administration — The Dense Medium Plasma Water Purification Reactor offers significant improvements over existing water purification technologies used in Advanced Life Support...

  4. View of the WA3 set-up from upstream the beam entering the hydrogen target.

    CERN Multimedia

    1977-01-01

    The Amsterdam-CERN-Cracow-Munich-Oxford-Rutherford (ACCMOR)Collaboration set-up this experiment in the H1 beam of West Hall to study a variety of exclusive hadron reactions over a wide kinematic range up to 100 GeV/c incident momentum.

  5. Lidar Investigation of Infiltration Water Heterogeneity in the Tamala Limestone, SW WA

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mahmud, K.; Mariethoz, G.; Treble, P. C.; Baker, A.

    2014-12-01

    To better manage groundwater resources in carbonate areas and improve our understanding of speleothem archives, it is important to understand and predict unsaturated zone hydrology in karst. The high level of complexity and spatial heterogeneity of such systems is challenging and requires knowledge of the typical geometry of karstic features. We present an exhaustive characterization of Golgotha Cave, SW Western Australia, based on an extensive LIDAR measurement campaign. The cave is developed in Quaternary age aeolianite (dune limestone) and contains speleothem records. We collect 30 representative 3D scan images from this site using FARO Focus3D, a high-speed 3D laser scanner, to visualize, study and extract 2D and 3D information from various points of view and at different scales. In addition to LIDAR data, 32 automatic drip loggers are installed at this site to measure the distribution and volume of water flow. We perform mathematical morphological analyses on the cave ceiling, to determine statistical information regarding the stalactites widths, lengths and spatial distribution. We determine a relationship between stalactites diameter and length. We perform tests for randomness to investigate the relationship between stalactite distribution and ceiling features such as fractures and apply this to identify different types of possible flow patterns such as fracture flow, solution pipe flow, primary matrix flow etc. We also relate stalactites density variation with topography of the cave ceiling which shows hydraulic gradient deviations. Finally we use Image Quilting, one of the recently developed multiple-point geostatistics methods, with the training images derived from LIDAR data to create a larger cave system to represent not only the caves that are visible, but the entire system which is inaccessible. As a result, an integral geological model is generated which may allow other scientists, geologist, to work on two different levels, integrating different speleothem datasets: (1) a basic level based on the accurate and metric support provided by the laser scanner; and (2) an advanced level using the image-based modelling.

  6. 76 FR 61378 - Dungeness National Wildlife Refuge, Clallam County, WA; Comprehensive Conservation Plan and...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-10-04

    ... business hours at the above address. FOR FURTHER INFORMATION CONTACT: Kevin Ryan, Project Leader, phone... additional issues. Should we actively manage the Dawley Unit's forest to enhance old growth forest... priorities for monitoring and control measures? How can we prevent the introduction and dispersal of...

  7. Changes in Seismic Response of the Natural Resources Building, Olympia, WA Due to Earthquake Shaking

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bodin, P.; Vidale, J. E.; Walsh, T.; Cakir, R.; Celebi, M.

    2008-12-01

    The Natural Resources Building (NRB) in Olympia was shaken by three earthquakes (Mw=5.8, 6.8, and 5.0) between 1999 and 2001. Building motions were recorded on digital accelerographs, which comprise one of the best dense digital recordings to date of repeated strong shaking an a building. N-S motions dominate the fundamental mode of vibration of the building. In the 1999 earthquake, the frequency of this fundamental mode was 1.3Hz during motions of 10%g. The frequency dropped to 0.7Hz during the 2001 Nisqually strong motions, in which the strongest shaking included high-frequency transients of up to 0.18 g, several of which are visible on widely spaced stations. The weaker 2001 Satsop earthquake motions showed the frequency remained depressed at less than 1Hz for the eastern side of the structure, although the western side had recovered to 1.3Hz. An ambient noise survey in 2008 showed the fundamental frequency of N/S vibrations remains about 1.0Hz for the eastern side of the building and 1.3Hz for the western side. These results suggest that in the Nisqually earthquake, the east side of the NRB suffered a permanent reduction in fundamental mode frequency of 37% due to loss of stiffness by undetermined mechanism.

  8. 76 FR 50172 - Reorganization of Foreign-Trade Zone 216 Under Alternative Site Framework, Olympia, WA

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-08-12

    ... Board adopted the alternative site framework (ASF) (74 FR 1170, 01/12/2009; correction 74 FR 3987, 01/22/2009; 75 FR 71069- 71070, 11/22/2010) as an option for the establishment or reorganization of general... (76 FR 27987, 05/13/2011) and the application has been processed pursuant to the FTZ Act and the...

  9. 76 FR 1384 - Special Local Regulation; Olympia Harbor Days Tug Boat Races, Budd Inlet, WA

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-01-10

    ... Federal Register (73 FR 3316). Public Meeting We do not now plan to hold a public meeting. But you may... SECURITY Coast Guard 33 CFR Part 100 RIN 1625-AA08 Special Local Regulation; Olympia Harbor Days Tug Boat... annual Olympia Harbor Days tug boat races. This action is necessary to restrict vessel movement...

  10. WAED-HP-103, Health Physics Manual, Revision XII, March 1981. Final report

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The project scope of work included the complete decontamination and decommissioning (D and D) of the Westinghouse ARD Fuel Laboratories at the Cheswick Site in the shortest possible time. This has been accomplished in the following four phases: (1) preparation of documents and necessary paperwork; packaging and shipping of all special nuclear materials in an acceptable form to a reprocessing agency; (2) decontamination of all facilities, glove boxes and equipment; loading of generated waste into bins, barrels and strong wooden boxes; (3) shipping of all bins, barrels and boxes containing waste to the designated burial site; removal of all utility services from the laboratories; (4) final survey of remaining facilities and certification for nonrestricted use; preparation of final report. This attachment describes the responsibilities, standards, practices and procedures for radiaton protection and safety in the facilities of the Westinghouse Electric Corporation at Cheswick, Pennsylvania. In addition to the application of these standards and procedures, there is continual surveillance of the operations, equipment, and personnel to detect and correct any conditions which might create a health or accident hazard

  11. Measurement of Fukushima Aerosol Debris in Sequim and Richland, WA and Ketchikan, AK

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Miley, Harry S.; Bowyer, Ted W.; Engelmann, Mark D.; Eslinger, Paul W.; Friese, Judah I.; Greenwood, Lawrence R.; Haas, Derek A.; Hayes, James C.; Keillor, Martin E.; Kiddy, Robert A.; Kirkham, Randy R.; Landen, Jonathan W.; Lepel, Elwood A.; Lidey, Lance S.; Litke, Kevin E.; Morris, Scott J.; Olsen, Khris B.; Thompson, Robert C.; Valenzuela, Blandina R.; Woods, Vincent T.; Biegalski, Steven R.

    2013-05-01

    Aerosol collections were initiated at several locations by PNNL shortly after the Great East Japan Earthquake of May 2011. Aerosol samples were transferred to laboratory high-resolution gamma spectrometers for analysis. Similar to treaty monitoring stations operating across the Northern hemisphere, iodine and other isotopes which could be volatilized at high temperature were detected. Though these locations are not far apart, they have significant variations with respect to water, mountain-range placement, and local topography. Variation in computed source terms will be shown to bound the variability of this approach to source estimation.

  12. INDOOR-OUTDOOR-PERSONAL RELATIONSHIPS OF SELECTED FINE PARTICLE TRACE ELEMENTS IN SEATTLE, WA

    Science.gov (United States)

    The overall goal of this work is to better understand not only the sources of outdoor PM but also the sources that contribute to personal PM exposures. This paper summarizes the results of x-ray fluorenscence (XRF) analysis on 24-hr PM2.5 samples collected both inside and outs...

  13. 77 FR 37600 - Safety Zone; Arctic Drilling and Support Vessels, Puget Sound, WA

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-06-22

    ... Security FR Federal Register NPRM Notice of Proposed Rulemaking A. Regulatory History and Information The..., FENNICA, TOISA DAUNTLESS, TOR VIKING II, HARVEY EXPLORER, HARVEY SPIRIT, HARVY SISUAQ, AIVIQ, NANUQ... Sound COTP Zone: NOBLE DISCOVERER, KULLUK, NORDICA, FENNICA, TOISA DAUNTLESS, TOR VIKING II,...

  14. 77 FR 57019 - Drawbridge Operation Regulation; Lake Washington Ship Canal, Seattle, WA

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-09-17

    ... deviation is necessary to facilitate heavy maintenance on the bridge including replacing operating strut... Engineering Hiram M. Chittenden lock immediately upstream or inland of the bridge on the Lake Washington...

  15. 2015 Puget Sound LiDAR Consortium (PSLC) LiDAR: WA DNR Lands (P2)

    Data.gov (United States)

    National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, Department of Commerce — In June 2014, WSI, a Quantum Spatial Inc. (QSI) company, was contracted by the Puget Sound LiDAR Consortium (PSLC) to collect Light Detection and Ranging (LiDAR)...

  16. 2015 Puget Sound LiDAR Consortium (PSLC) LiDAR: WA DNR Lands (P1)

    Data.gov (United States)

    National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, Department of Commerce — In June 2014, WSI, a Quantum Spatial Inc. (QSI) company, was contracted by the Puget Sound LiDAR Consortium (PSLC) to collect Light Detection and Ranging (LiDAR)...

  17. 78 FR 5200 - Notice of Inventory Completion: University of Washington, Department of Anthropology, Seattle, WA

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-01-24

    ... National Park Service Notice of Inventory Completion: University of Washington, Department of Anthropology..., Department of Anthropology, has completed an inventory of human remains and associated funerary objects, in... Burke Museum acting on behalf of the University of Washington, Department of Anthropology....

  18. 78 FR 19297 - Notice of Inventory Completion: University of Washington, Department of Anthropology, Seattle, WA

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-03-29

    ... National Park Service Notice of Inventory Completion: University of Washington, Department of Anthropology..., Department of Anthropology, has completed an inventory of human remains and associated funerary objects, in... Burke Museum acting on behalf of the University of Washington, Department of Anthropology....

  19. 78 FR 11673 - Notice of Inventory Completion: University of Washington, Department of Anthropology, Seattle, WA

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-02-19

    ... National Park Service Notice of Inventory Completion: University of Washington, Department of Anthropology..., Department of Anthropology, has completed an inventory of human remains and associated funerary objects, in..., Department of Anthropology. Disposition of the human remains and associated funerary objects to the...

  20. 78 FR 22286 - Notice of Inventory Completion: University of Washington, Department of Anthropology, Seattle, WA

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-04-15

    ... National Park Service Notice of Inventory Completion: University of Washington, Department of Anthropology..., Department of Anthropology, has completed an inventory of human remains, in consultation with the appropriate... acting on behalf of the University of Washington, Department of Anthropology. If no additional...

  1. 78 FR 5201 - Notice of Inventory Completion: University of Washington, Department of Anthropology, Seattle, WA

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-01-24

    ... National Park Service Notice of Inventory Completion: University of Washington, Department of Anthropology..., Department of Anthropology, has completed an inventory of human remains, in consultation with the appropriate... Washington, Department of Anthropology. Disposition of the human remains to the Indian tribes stated...

  2. 78 FR 5198 - Notice of Inventory Completion: University of Washington, Department of Anthropology, Seattle, WA

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-01-24

    ... National Park Service Notice of Inventory Completion: University of Washington, Department of Anthropology..., Department of Anthropology, has completed an inventory of human remains and associated funerary objects, in... of the University of Washington, Department of Anthropology. Disposition of the human remains to...

  3. 78 FR 19298 - Notice of Inventory Completion: University of Washington, Department of Anthropology, Seattle, WA

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-03-29

    ... National Park Service Notice of Inventory Completion: University of Washington, Department of Anthropology..., Department of Anthropology, has completed an inventory of human remains, in consultation with the appropriate... Washington, Department of Anthropology. Disposition of the human remains to the Indian tribes stated...

  4. 77 FR 51563 - Notice of Inventory Completion: University of Washington, Department of Anthropology, Seattle, WA

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-08-24

    ... National Park Service Notice of Inventory Completion: University of Washington, Department of Anthropology..., Department of Anthropology, has completed an inventory of human remains and associated funerary objects, in... of the University of Washington, Department of Anthropology. Disposition of the human remains...

  5. 78 FR 25471 - Notice of Inventory Completion: University of Washington, Department of Anthropology, Seattle, WA

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-05-01

    ... National Park Service Notice of Inventory Completion: University of Washington, Department of Anthropology..., Department of Anthropology, has completed an inventory of human remains and associated funerary objects, in... Burke Museum acting on behalf of the University of Washington, Department of Anthropology....

  6. Time and Space in W.A. Mozart's Ave Verum Corpus (1791)

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Petersen, Nils Holger

    2015-01-01

    A discussion and interpretation of Mozart's famous motet contextualised through historical considerations of music, theology and aesthetics inspired by K.E. Løgstrup's notion of the fictive space of a melody.......A discussion and interpretation of Mozart's famous motet contextualised through historical considerations of music, theology and aesthetics inspired by K.E. Løgstrup's notion of the fictive space of a melody....

  7. An LCA of WA's south west interconnected electricity grid year ending 2002

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Aaron Cottrell; Jason Nunn; Louis Wibberley

    2006-03-15

    The LCA has been carried out to quantify the environmental impacts of power generation, transmission and distribution in Western Australia. This report is part of a series of life cycle analysis (LCA) studies of the Australian State electricity grids which are being undertaken to provide benchmarks for future studies. The present study covers only the South West Interconnected System (SWIS), which accounts for approximately 55% of the total power generated in Western Australia, the remainder being generated by captive power plants. The study aims to provide a more detailed study than in previous reports, which tend to focus only on greenhouse gas emissions, and includes several other key performance indicators - resource energy and fresh water consumption, greenhouse gas emissions, NOx, SOx, particulates and solid waste emissions. Also included is the range of substances reported for the SWIS from the National Pollutant Inventory (NPI) database.

  8. 77 FR 16852 - Notice of Reclassification of Five Regional Offices to Investigative Field Offices: Seattle, WA...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-03-22

    ... promote more efficient responses to HUD or Congressional requests involving critical program issues; 2. Improve management control and effectiveness while improving the overall management structure; 3. Redeploy... management greater flexibility in positioning resources. The plan does involve terminating some existing...

  9. Supplemental Groundwater Remediation Technologies to Protect the Columbia River at Hanford, WA

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Nine projects have been recently selected by the US Department of Energy (EM-22) to address groundwater contaminant migration at the Hanford Site. This paper summarizes the background and objectives of these projects. Five of the selected projects are targeted at hexavalent chromium contamination in Hanford 100 Area groundwater. These projects represent an integrated approach towards identifying the source of hexavalent chromium contamination in the Hanford 100-D Area and treating the groundwater contamination. Currently, there is no effective method to stop strontium-90 associated with the riparian zone sediments from leaching into the river. Phytoremediation may be a possible way to treat this contamination. Its use at the 100-N Area will be investigated. Another technology currently being tested for strontium-90 contamination at the 100-N Area involves injection (through wells) of a calcium-citrate-phosphate solution, which will precipitate apatite, a natural calcium-phosphate mineral. Apatite will adsorb the strontium-90, and then incorporate it as part of the apatite structure, isolating the strontium-90 contamination from entering the river. This EM-22 funded apatite project will develop a strategy for infiltrating the apatite solution from ground surface or a shallow trench to provide treatment over the upper portion of the contaminated zone, which is unsaturated during low river stage.

  10. 78 FR 10064 - Safety Zone; Vigor Industrial Roll-Out, West Duwamish Waterway, Seattle, WA

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-02-13

    ... Security FR Federal Register NPRM Notice of Proposed Rulemaking A. Regulatory History and Information The... SECURITY Coast Guard 33 CFR Part 165 RIN 1625-AA00 Safety Zone; Vigor Industrial Roll-Out, West Duwamish... at Vigor Industrial. The safety zone is necessary to ensure the safety of the maritime public...

  11. State Government support for WA farmers experiencing adverse seasons in 1998 to 2001: A comment

    OpenAIRE

    Coyle, Peter; Mayberry, Chris

    2003-01-01

    In response to a series of adverse weather events, in parts of the cereal crop belt from 1998 to 2001, the State and the Commonwealth Governments implemented support measures for farmers in the cereal belt of Western Australia. A critique of the State Government Adverse Seasonal Conditions in the Agricultural Sector (ASCAS) support packages is presented. The schemes are expensive, could adversely affect the normal adjustment process, have subjective boundaries, deliver grants to some multi mi...

  12. NOAA Office for Coastal Management Coastal Inundation Digital Elevation Model: Seattle (WA) WFO - Grays Harbor County

    Data.gov (United States)

    National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, Department of Commerce — This digital elevation model (DEM) is a part of a series of DEMs produced for the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration Office for Coastal Management's...

  13. DOE Zero Energy Ready Home Case Study: Clifton View Homes — Kaltenbach Residence, Clinton, WA

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    none,

    2014-09-01

    This home on Whidbey Island won a Custom Builder award in the 2014 Housing Innovation Awards. The DOE Zero Energy Ready Home scores HERS 37 without PV or HERS -13 with 10 kW PV, enough to power the home and an electric car.

  14. Data of evolutionary structure change: 1A9WA-1DXUD [Confc[Archive

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available hain> DLSHG-----SAQVK > ----- HHHH> D 1DXUD DLSTPDAVMGNPKVK ture...> HHHH HHHH> ATOM 3632 CA ASP D 47...tryIDChain>1DXUD WGKVN--VDEVG ...>GGG --HHHHH> ATOM 3372 CA TRP D 15 -24.606 -14.032 -1.799

  15. WA_shorelines.shp - Shorelines of the Washington coastal region used in shoreline change analysis

    Data.gov (United States)

    U.S. Geological Survey, Department of the Interior — Sandy ocean beaches are a popular recreational destination, often surrounded by communities containing valuable real estate. Development is on the rise despite the...

  16. 77 FR 38236 - Special Local Regulation, Underwater Music Festival, Carr Inlet, Cutts Island, WA

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-06-27

    ... the January 17, 2008, issue of the Federal Register (73 FR 3316). Public Meeting We do not now plan to... SECURITY Coast Guard 33 CFR Part 100 RIN 1625-AA08 Special Local Regulation, Underwater Music Festival... Music Festival and would do so by establishing speed and towing restrictions, limiting the number...

  17. Moving a module of the calorimeter for the WA18 experiment

    CERN Document Server

    1977-01-01

    The first of thirteen modules of a marble plate calorimeter en route for the installation in the SPS neutrino beam for an investigation of neutral currents. The experiment was set-up by the CHARM Collaboration (CERN-Hamburg-Amsterdam-Rome-Moscow)

  18. Numerical Simulation of Admiralty Inlet, WA, with Tidal Hydrokinetic Turbine Siting Application

    Science.gov (United States)

    Thyng, Kristen M.

    Tidal hydrokinetic energy has been recognized as a potential source of sustainable, renewable energy. In order to properly site turbines for commercial-scale development, the complex flow conditions in a potential deployment region must be understood. Viable locations for turbines are limited by many factors, including underwater space that is above the bottom boundary layer, below shipping traffic, within areas of strong currents, and yet avoids additional fatiguing stresses. The primary area of interest in the Puget Sound for commercial tidal energy development is Admiralty Inlet, which includes potentially disruptive flow features such as vortices and strong turbulence. This dissertation seeks to increase the body of knowledge of these features both from an oceanographic perspective and as they pertain to turbine site characterization. The primary means of studying Admiralty Inlet in this document is through numerical simulation of the region using the Regional Ocean Modeling System (ROMS). The model output is found to compare well with field data, capturing eddy fields, turbulence properties, relative tidal phases, and illuminating many flow features. Horizontal velocities in the simulation are, on average, approximately 75% the size of those found in the data. This speed deficiency is inherited from the forcing model in which the Admiralty Inlet simulation is nested. The model output also shows that the flow field of this fjord-like estuary is largely affected by a headland on the northeast side of the Inlet. Vortices generated by this headland, Admiralty Head, are found to vary considerably depending on the tidal cycle. The eddies can persist beyond the half-cycle of generation to significantly affect the horizontal speed and other flow field properties in the subsequent half-cycle. Detailed analysis of the vertical vorticity governing equation shows that advection, tilting, stretching, and boundary generation are the most significant processes dictating the behavior of the vorticity. Turbulence modeling in the simulation is carried out via a k-epsilon turbulence closure scheme. Comparisons of model output with high resolution field data show the model to perform reasonably well: predicted Reynolds stress and turbulent dissipation rate values are usually within a factor of two of the field data. The turbulent kinetic energy from the simulation compares well with field data that is restricted to the frequency range of classical turbulence. The energy density spectrum of the data is found to follow Kolmogorov's theory beyond the inertial subrange. Using this fact and Taylor's frozen field approximation, an inferred calculation for the turbulent kinetic energy is derived that spans the full frequency range of the data set. The output from the inferred calculation compares well with the full turbulent kinetic energy from the field data. Maps of metrics for tidal turbine siting are generated that address many considerations for turbine placement, and can be adjusted for the model's speed deficiency with a simple multiplication factor. Among the possible best locations for turbine deployment are north of Point Wilson on the west side of Admiralty Inlet and near the center of the channel between Point Wilson and Admiralty Head. These locations have a strong tidal resource available along with highly bi-directional tidal currents and low turbulence levels.

  19. Strategic repositioning of Safripol in the South African polymer industry / W.A. du Plessis

    OpenAIRE

    Du Plessis, Willem Adriaan

    2010-01-01

    Safripol is a South African polymer company producing mainly high density polyethylene and polypropylene for the South African market. Safripol used to be part of a global chemical company Dow Chemicals. Dow Chemical's divested in South Africa in 2006 and Safripol lost all the advantages of being part of a global corporate enterprise. The company is faced with a unique situation in that it is receiving monomer from Sasol, which is also its main competitor in the polymer market. The price o...

  20. Wildfire may increase habitat quality for spring Chinook salmon in the Wenatchee River subbasin, WA, USA

    Science.gov (United States)

    Flitcroft, Rebecca L; Falke, Jeffrey A.; Reeves, Gordon H.; Hessburg, Paul F.; McNyset, Kris M.; Benda, Lee E.

    2016-01-01

    Pacific Northwest salmonids are adapted to natural disturbance regimes that create dynamic habitat patterns over space and through time. However, human land use, particularly long-term fire suppression, has altered the intensity and frequency of wildfire in forested upland and riparian areas. To examine the potential impacts of wildfire on aquatic systems, we developed stream-reach-scale models of freshwater habitat for three life stages (adult, egg/fry, and juvenile) of spring Chinook salmon (Oncorhynchus tshawytscha) in the Wenatchee River subbasin, Washington. We used variables representing pre- and post-fire habitat conditions and employed novel techniques to capture changes in in-stream fine sediment, wood, and water temperature. Watershed-scale comparisons of high-quality habitat for each life stage of spring Chinook salmon habitat suggested that there are smaller quantities of high-quality juvenile overwinter habitat as compared to habitat for other life stages. We found that wildfire has the potential to increase quality of adult and overwintering juvenile habitat through increased delivery of wood, while decreasing the quality of egg and fry habitat due to the introduction of fine sediments. Model results showed the largest effect of fire on habitat quality associated with the juvenile life stage, resulting in increases in high-quality habitat in all watersheds. Due to the limited availability of pre-fire high-quality juvenile habitat, and increased habitat quality for this life stage post-fire, occurrence of characteristic wildfires would likely create a positive effect on spring Chinook salmon habitat in the Wenatchee River subbasin. We also compared pre- and post-fire model results of freshwater habitat for each life stage, and for the geometric mean of habitat quality across all life stages, using current compared to the historic distribution of spring Chinook salmon. We found that spring Chinook salmon are currently distributed in stream channels in which in-stream habitat for most life stages has a consistently positive response to fire. This compares to the historic distribution of spring Chinook, in which in-stream habitat exhibited a variable response to fire, including decreases in habitat quality overall or for specific life stages. This suggests that as the distribution of spring Chinook has decreased, they now occupy those areas with the most positive potential response to fire. Our work shows the potentially positive link between wildfire and aquatic habitat that supports forest managers in setting broader goals for fire management, perhaps leading to less fire suppression in some situations.

  1. DCS Terrain Submission for City of Kelso PAL, Cowlitz County WA

    Data.gov (United States)

    Federal Emergency Management Agency, Department of Homeland Security — Terrain data, as defined in FEMA Guidelines and Specifications, Appendix M: Data Capture Standards, describes the digital topographic data that was used to create...

  2. 78 FR 5151 - Proposed Amendment of Class E Airspace; Omak, WA

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-01-24

    ... 12866; (2) is not a ``significant rule'' under DOT Regulatory Policies and Procedures (44 FR 11034..., 40113, 40120; E.O. 10854, 24 FR 9565, 3 CFR, 1959-1963 Comp., p. 389. Sec. 71.1 0 2. The incorporation... Nondirectional Radio Beacon (NDB) has made this action necessary for the safety and management of...

  3. Field Measurements to Characterize Turbulent Inflow for Marine Hydrokinetic Devices - Marrowstone Island, WA

    Science.gov (United States)

    Richmond, M. C.; Thomson, J. M.; Durgesh, V.; Polagye, B. L.

    2011-12-01

    Field measurements are essential for developing an improved understanding of turbulent inflow conditions that affect the design and operation of marine and hydrokinetic (MHK) devices. The Marrowstone Island site in Puget Sound, Washington State is a potential location for installing MHK devices, as it experiences strong tides and associated currents. Here, field measurements from Nodule Point on the eastern side of Marrowstone Island are used to characterize the turbulence in terms of velocity variance as a function of length and time scales. The field measurements were performed using Acoustic Doppler Velocimetry (ADV) and Acoustic Doppler Current Profiler (ADCP) instruments. Both were deployed on a bottom-mounted tripod at the site by the Applied Physics Lab at the University of Washington (APL-UW). The ADV acquired single point, temporally resolved velocity data from 17-21 Feb 2011, at a height of 4.6 m above the seabed at a sampling frequency of 32 Hz. The ADCP measured the velocity profile over the water column from a height of 2.6 m above the seabed up to the sea-surface in 36 bins, with each bin of 0.5 m size. The ADCP acquired data from 11-27 Feb 2011 at a sampling frequency of 2 Hz. Analysis of the ADV measurements shows distinct dynamic regions by scale: anisotropic eddies at large scales, an isotropic turbulent cascade (-5/3 slope in frequency spectra) at mesoscales, and contamination by Doppler noise at small scales. While Doppler noise is an order of magnitude greater for the ADCP measurements, the turbulence bulk statistics are consistent between the two instruments. There are significant variations in turbulence statistics with stage of the tidal currents (i.e., from slack to non-slack tidal conditions), however an average turbulent intensity of 10% is a robust, canonical value for this site. The ADCP velocity profiles are useful in quantifying the variability in velocity along the water column, and the ensemble averaged velocity profiles may be described by a power law, commonly used to characterize boundary layers.

  4. Somaclonal variation in tissue culture of banana cv. 'Kluai Num Wa'[Musa (ABB group

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Te-chato, S.

    2007-05-01

    Full Text Available Two types of cytokinins, 6-Benzyladenine (BA and/or coconut water (CW and pH of medium were studied for their effects on shoot formation, growth and somaclonal variation of banana tissue culture. Thecultures were carried out on Murashige and Skoog (MS medium for 30 days. The average shoot length (5.82 cm was obtained in liquid medium supplemented with 15% CW. While a high number of shoots at 3.8shoots/explant were obtained in liquid medium supplemented with 5 mg/l BA. For fresh weight, liquid medium supplemented with 5 mg/l BA in combination with 15% CW gave the best results (2.26 g/shoot. Anoptimum pH for promotion shoot length (5.67 cm was 5.6 whereas the lower value (pH 4 promoted a high number of shoot formation (3.89 shoots/explant. The highest fresh weight of 1.33 g/shoot was obtained onmedium adjusted pH to 8. After maintaining the shoots by successive subculturing (3-4 week-intervals on MS medium with 5 mg/l BA several morphological abnormalities were obtained. Among those, chloroticleaves (1.5% were firstly observed in the first subculture and increased to 3% in the second subculture. Moreover, a narrow leaf at 25.76% was also observed in this period. Further subculture, more somaclonalvariation, such as a thin long shoots, nodular shoots and bamboo-like leaf, appeared. Isozyme marker revealed a difference in zymogram patterns among those somaclonal variants.

  5. E Lauhoe Mai Na Wa'a: Toward a Hawaiian Indigenous Education Teaching Framework

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kana'iaupuni, Shawn Malia; Kawai'ae'a, Keiki K. C.

    2008-01-01

    The desire to improve educational delivery and outcomes has prompted significant advancements in culture-based education as a foundation for community-driven, place-based, relevant educational approaches that more effectively engage children and their families in lifelong learning and leadership. This article shares the early process and tools of…

  6. 76 FR 60587 - Environmental Impact Statement; North Corridor Transit Project, Seattle (WA) Metropolitan Area...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-09-29

    ... Puget Sound to the west and Lake Washington to the east, which limits transportation options. This dense... Lynnwood in Snohomish County, Washington. The EIS will also be prepared in accordance with Washington's... major north-south route through Washington State and serves a large commuter market traveling...

  7. 76 FR 69131 - Drawbridge Operation Regulation; Lake Washington Ship Canal, Seattle, WA

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-11-08

    ... SECURITY Coast Guard 33 CFR Part 117 Drawbridge Operation Regulation; Lake Washington Ship Canal, Seattle... the operation of the Burlington Northern Santa Fe Railway Bridge across the Lake Washington Ship Canal... Lake Washington Ship Canal, mile 0.1, for vessel traffic for a 14 day period to facilitate...

  8. 78 FR 38829 - Special Local Regulations; Seattle Seafair Hydroplane Race, Lake Washington, WA

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-06-28

    ... Coast Guard will restrict general navigation in the following area; The waters of Lake Washington bounded by the Interstate 90 (Mercer Island/Lacey V. Murrow) Bridge, the western shore of Lake Washington... SECURITY Coast Guard 33 CFR Part 100 Special Local Regulations; Seattle Seafair Hydroplane Race,...

  9. 77 FR 62473 - Safety Zone, Seafair Blue Angels Air Show Performance, Seattle, WA

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-10-15

    ... regulation contained in 33 CFR 165.1319 encompasses ``all waters of Lake Washington, Washington State...: All waters of Lake Washington encompassed by the following points: 47 36'17.28'' N, 122 14'49.44'' W... is proposing to amend the Seafair Blue Angels Air Show Performance safety zone on the waters of...

  10. WaND Briefing Note 28 Revised Options for UK Domestic Water Reduction - A Review

    OpenAIRE

    Sim, P.; McDonald, A; Parsons, J.; P Rees

    2007-01-01

    Demand pressure on UK water supplies is expected to increase in the next 20 years driven by increasing population, new housing development and reducing household size. Regionally and at town level migration will also affect demand particularly in the South-East which is forecast to have a larger than average growth in population and house building. The water demand moderating trends that are considered to have the greatest effect on UK consumption, in approximate order, are: 1. Meter...

  11. 77 FR 48535 - Notice of Inventory Completion: Washington State Parks and Recreation Commission, Olympia, WA

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-08-14

    ... Reservation, Oregon; Confederated Tribes of the Warm Springs Reservation of Oregon; Confederated Tribes and... human remains described in this notice represent the physical remains of two individuals of...

  12. 77 FR 13626 - Notice of Inventory Completion: Maxey Museum, Whitman College, Walla Walla, WA

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-03-07

    ... determined that there is a cultural affiliation between the human remains and associated funerary objects and... additional claimants come forward. DATES: Representatives of any Indian tribe that believes it has a cultural... Memorial Hall, the main administrative building of Whitman College, and subsequently moved to Maxey...

  13. Technical Evaluation of Biogeochemical Transformation of Iodine at 200-UP-1, Hanford, WA

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lee, M. H.; Cordova, E.; Brooks, S.; Moser, E.; Wells, J.; Lee, B.

    2015-12-01

    From the 1940s through the early 1990s, liquid wastes from materials used and produced at the Hanford Site were disposed to the ground through cribs, ditches, ponds, and trenches. Primary groundwater and vadose zone contaminants include carbon tetrachloride, uranium, nitrate, chromium, 129I, 99Tc, and tritium. Iodine-129 is of environmental concern due to its long half-life, mobility, and hazardous potential to humans through bioaccumulation, and is one of the primary risk drivers for the Hanford site. The 200 West area of the Hanford Site contains two separate plumes covering 1,500 acres where 129I concentrations are ~3.5 pCi/L in Hanford groundwater. Speciation analysis shows that iodate comprises 70.6% of the iodine present, and organo-iodide and iodide comprise 25.8% and 3.6% respectively. While hydraulic containment is the currently selected remedy for 129I in the groundwater, there is currently no remedy selected for controlling migration of 129I from the vadose zone to the groundwater. Research is currently underway to develop a site conceptual model for understanding the biogeochemical drivers for iodine speciation and determine the processes that drive the fate and transport of 129I through the vadose zone and into groundwater. These data will provide the information to decrease the uncertainty related to the inventory, distribution, and transport properties which will lead to appropriate treatment strategies for the 129I plume(s). Understanding the mechanisms and contributors to iodine speciation is important in order to develop bioremediation strategies for contaminated areas. The effect that microbial communities and humic acid have on iodine speciation and sorption was explored using Ringold sediment from the 200 West Area exposed to varying levels of 129I contamination in conjunction with varying growth media constituents. Several isolates obtained from these batch studies have been shown to reduce over 80% of iodate present in growth media when nitrate was present. No iodate reduction was observed in the absence of nitrate. Additionally, several isolates have been identified that can oxidize iodide. Currently, analytical techniques are underway to quantify the effect of microbial interaction on iodine speciation along with characterization of these diverse microbial isolates.

  14. Residential property values are associated with obesity among women in King County, WA, USA.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rehm, Colin D; Moudon, Anne V; Hurvitz, Philip M; Drewnowski, Adam

    2012-08-01

    Studies of social determinants of weight and health in the US have typically relied on self-reported education and incomes as the two primary measures of socioeconomic status (SES). The assessed value of one's home, an important component of wealth, may be a better measure of the underlying SES construct and a better predictor of obesity. The Seattle Obesity Study (SOS), conducted in 2008-9, was a cross-sectional random digit dial telephone survey of 2001 adults in King County, Washington State, US. Participants' addresses were geocoded and residential property values for each tax parcel were obtained from the county tax assessor's database. Prevalence ratios of obesity by property values, education, and household income were estimated separately for women and men, after adjusting for age, race/ethnicity, household size, employment status and home ownership. Among women, the inverse association between property values and obesity was very strong and independent of other SES factors. Women in the bottom quartile of property values were 3.4 times more likely to be obese than women in the top quartile. No association between property values and obesity was observed for men. The present data strengthen the evidence for a social gradient in obesity among women. Property values may represent a novel and objective measure of SES at the individual level in the US. Measures based on tax assessment data will provide a valuable resource for future health studies. PMID:22591823

  15. 77 FR 5747 - Security Zones, Seattle's Seafair Fleet Week Moving Vessels, Puget Sound, WA

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-02-06

    ..., 2008, issue of the Federal Register (73 FR 3316). Public Meeting We do not now plan to hold a public... SECURITY Coast Guard 33 CFR Part 165 RIN 1625-AA87 Security Zones, Seattle's Seafair Fleet Week Moving... not protected by the Naval Vessel Protection Zone in Seattle's Seafair Fleet Week, while those...

  16. 77 FR 44475 - Security Zones; Seattle's Seafair Fleet Week Moving Vessels, Puget Sound, WA

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-07-30

    ... SECURITY Coast Guard 33 CFR Part 165 RIN 1625-AA87 Security Zones; Seattle's Seafair Fleet Week Moving...: The Coast Guard will enforce Seattle's Seafair Fleet Week Moving Vessels Security Zones from 12:00 p.m... ensure the security of the vessels from sabotage or other subversive acts during Seafair Fleet...

  17. 75 FR 45055 - Security Zone; 2010 Seattle Seafair Fleet Week Moving Vessels, Puget Sound, WA

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-08-02

    ... SECURITY Coast Guard 33 CFR Part 165 RIN 1625-AA87 Security Zone; 2010 Seattle Seafair Fleet Week Moving... acts during Seafair Fleet Week and will do so by prohibiting any person or vessel from entering or... of visiting foreign vessels in the 2010 Seattle Seafair Fleet Week event. Basis and Purpose...

  18. 76 FR 47996 - Security Zone; 2011 Seattle Seafair Fleet Week Moving Vessels, Puget Sound, WA; Correction

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-08-08

    ... July 11, 2011 the Coast Guard published a temporary final rule in the Federal Register (76 FR 40617... the temporary final rule FR Doc. 2011-17261, beginning on page 40617 in the Federal Register issue of... SECURITY Coast Guard 33 CFR Part 165 Security Zone; 2011 Seattle Seafair Fleet Week Moving Vessels,...

  19. 77 FR 40521 - Security Zones, Seattle's Seafair Fleet Week Moving Vessels, Puget Sound, WA

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-07-10

    ... FR Federal Register NPRM Notice of Proposed Rulemaking A. Regulatory History and Information The... 165.1330 (76 FR 30014), the Coast Guard described these areas, which include the area north and south... SECURITY Coast Guard 33 CFR Part 165 RIN 1625-AA87 Security Zones, Seattle's Seafair Fleet Week...

  20. 75 FR 8563 - Safety Zone; Fleet Week Maritime Festival, Pier 66, Elliott Bay, Seattle, WA

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-02-25

    ... public dockets in the January 17, 2008, issue of the Federal Register (73 FR 3316). Public Meeting We do... SECURITY Coast Guard 33 CFR Part 165 RIN 1625-AA00 Safety Zone; Fleet Week Maritime Festival, Pier 66... aerial spectator events associated with the annual Fleet Week Maritime Festival. Entry into,...

  1. 75 FR 71638 - Safety Zone; Fleet Week Maritime Festival, Pier 66, Elliot Bay, Seattle, WA

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-11-24

    ... Federal Register (73 FR 3316). Public Meeting We do not now plan to hold a public meeting. But you may... Federal Register (75 FR 037). This supplemental notice of proposed rulemaking provides simplification of... Proposed Rulemaking (75 FR 037). These methods of comment have properly provided ample opportunity...

  2. 76 FR 72839 - Drawbridge Operation Regulation; City Waterway Also Known as Thea Foss Waterway, Tacoma, WA

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-11-28

    ... the roadway surface and the underlying steel stringer substructure as part a major bridge rehabilitation project. This deviation allows the bridge to remain in the closed position during construction... the Docket Management Facility (M-30), U.S. Department of Transportation, West Building Ground...

  3. Al-Lughah al-Arabiyah wa Dauruha fi Tatwiri al-Mafhum al-Hadari

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Dihyatun Masqon

    2010-03-01

    Full Text Available It goes without saying that Islam is not only a religion, it is also a creator and living spirit of major world civilization including Malay, with a long history stretching over fifteen centuries based mainly on wahyu as the source of all activities in various dimensions, emotional, spiritual as well as intellectual. This fact is the very reason why human being, as the most perfect creation, become the important topic of the Qur’an to act properly for the sake of reaching and endless happiness in both here and hereafter by keenly observing and understanding the milestones of this civilization through ages. Keeping in view the above reality, an organized steps should be made to enhance the process of learning and teaching of Arabic language of the future, because it is the way to rediscover the values which keep human creativities moving towards right direction for the better future of humanity. Allama Muhammad Iqbal said: “The secret of life and the essence of it is movement. I exist so long as I move, when I cease to move I shall cease to be”.

  4. TIGER/Line Shapefile, 2013, county, Clallam County, WA, Current Address Ranges Relationship File

    Data.gov (United States)

    US Census Bureau, Department of Commerce — The TIGER/Line shapefiles and related database files (.dbf) are an extract of selected geographic and cartographic information from the U.S. Census Bureau's Master...

  5. DOE ZERH Case Study: TC Legend Homes, Bellingham Power House, Bellingham, WA

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    none,

    2015-09-01

    Case study of a DOE 2015 Housing Innovation Award winning custom home in the marine climate that got HERS 34 without PV or HERS -12 with PV, with 6” SIP walls and 10” SIP roof; R-28 ICF around slab, R-20 rigid foam under slab; radiant floor heat and passive design; air-to-water heat pump COP 4.4; HRV; earth tube ventilation; triple-pane windows, 100% LED.

  6. DOE Zero Energy Ready Home Case Study: TC Legend Homes — Cedarwood, Bellingham, WA

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    none,

    2014-09-01

    This house was the Grand Winner in the Affordable Builder category of the 2014 Housing Innovation Awards, and has 6-inch SIP walls, a 10-inch structural insulated panel roof, and insulating concrete forms foundation walls with R-20 high-density rigid EPS foam under the slab.A single ductless heat pump heats and cools the home, which also gets passive solar heating from south-facing triple-pane windows that heat a concrete slab floor plus a connected greenhouse.

  7. Riwaya Teule za Karne ya Ishirini na Moja na Udurusu wa Nadharia za Fasihi

    OpenAIRE

    Mwamzandi, Issa

    2014-01-01

    Literary theory represents a way of thinking and a body of writing that is dedicated to the analysis of literary texts. It is a means through which literary critics come to appreciate the nature of the literary texts they seek to analyze and the methodology that informs their practice. Analyzing three 21st Century Swahili novels, this paper examines a paradigm shift: literary theory becomes the sub¬ject under examination as opposed to its conventional role where it would ideally offer systema...

  8. 76 FR 48177 - Notice of Inventory Completion: Washington State Department of Natural Resources, Olympia, WA...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-08-08

    ... National Park Service Notice of Inventory Completion: Washington State Department of Natural Resources... Service, Interior. ACTION: Notice. SUMMARY: The Washington State Department of Natural Resources and the... Natural Resources. Repatriation of the human remains and associated funerary object to the Indian...

  9. 76 FR 9051 - Notice of Inventory Completion: Washington State Department of Natural Resources, Olympia, WA and...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-02-16

    ... National Park Service Notice of Inventory Completion: Washington State Department of Natural Resources... inventory of human remains in the control of the Washington State Department of Natural Resources, Olympia... control of the Washington State Department of Natural Resources at the time of removal, and as such...

  10. Stable isotope analysis of dissolved carbon species of Hot Lake, WA

    Science.gov (United States)

    Courtney, S.; Moran, J.; Cory, A. B.; Lindemann, S. R.; Fredrickson, J.

    2013-12-01

    Hot Lake is a hypersaline, meromictic lake in north-central Washington. The lake is epsomitic, with seasonably-variable salinity (.2 to 2 M magnesium sulfate) and produces carbonates and salt precipitates. The maximum depth of the lake is around 2.5 m, and below a thermocline there is intense solar heat retention in the monolimnion, often exceeding 50°C. Despite these extreme and variable conditions, a microbial mat of up to 1.5 cm thick thrives annually in Hot Lake. The mat is widespread throughout the lake at water depths (during our experiments) ranging from 60cm-140cm. It is comprised of a variety of cyanobacteria along with other autotrophic and heterotrophic bacteria. These populations are visibly stratified with four consistent laminae displaying differences in bacterial pigmentation. Many of the layers contain carbonate species, but the full relationship between the mat and the carbonate crystallization is not known. We are studying the microbial interactions and carbon cycling of the mat communities, using stable isotope analysis of the mat and the lake water, both in situ and ex situ. We are exploring the incorporation and movement of carbon in the mat, spatially and temporally, to understand the fixation mechanisms and metabolic processes at play in this environment. This was done primarily using stable isotope ratio mass spectrometry. The focus of this work is on the study and measurement of dissolved organic and inorganic carbon using a GasBench and IRMS setup, following methods adapted from Lang et al. (2012). To account for the unique chemistry of Hot Lake, trials on the effects of oxidation conditions and salinity were done on lab-synthesized samples to compare to Hot Lake results. The majority of lake water analyses were done in conjunction with a stable isotope probing (SIP) experiment, completed during two 24-hour periods at Hot Lake in June and July of 2013. The SIP experiments included ex situ incubations (in separate glass containers on the shore of the lake immediately after removal from the lake) under various conditions (with labeled and unlabeled substrate, in the presence and absence of daylight, with and without undermat sediment) performed as both constant labeling and pulse-chase experiments. We incubated mat sections in lake water (from equivalent depth to the collected mat) spiked either with 13C-labeled or natural abundance organic (acetate or glucose) or inorganic (bicarbonate) substrates. For those conditions in which inorganic carbon was added, we measured the DOC of the water in each condition to measure conversion from DIC to DOC and vice versa for consumption/conversion of DOC to DIC. By comparing the GasBench DIC/DOC results of these various conditions over the course of the experiments, we assessed carbon flow into and out of the mat around a daily cycle. The assessments were made using the δ13C values and data of the lake water samples from the IRMS in conjunction with bulk mat isotope values. Our data show significant interactions between DIC and DOC pools and allow us to estimate the daily balance between carbon fixation and remineralization mediated by the microbial mat.

  11. Pacific Northwest Environmental Executive Directors: Science SessionSeattle, WA Presentation

    Science.gov (United States)

    Science is one of many important factors that inform natural resource policy decisions. I will discuss past and current experiences on integrating science into environmental governance and stewardship, how some approaches have been more effective than others, how forecasted budg...

  12. Z zagadnień leksyki gwarowej – polskie ludowe nazwy ważek

    OpenAIRE

    Renata Kucharzyk

    2015-01-01

    Some problems of the dialectal vocabulary – the Polish folk names of dragonfliesThis paper deals with the Polish folk names of a dragonfly – an insect belonging to the order Odonata. Over 90 Polish dialectal names were gathered and analyzed here. The motivation of these names has been discussed in this paper. Moreover, the information about the geographical occurrence of these lexemes is given here.As it has been appeared, these names mainly refer metaphorically to some typical morphological ...

  13. Z zagadnień leksyki gwarowej – polskie ludowe nazwy ważek

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Renata Kucharzyk

    2015-09-01

    Full Text Available Some problems of the dialectal vocabulary – the Polish folk names of dragonfliesThis paper deals with the Polish folk names of a dragonfly – an insect belonging to the order Odonata. Over 90 Polish dialectal names were gathered and analyzed here. The motivation of these names has been discussed in this paper. Moreover, the information about the geographical occurrence of these lexemes is given here.As it has been appeared, these names mainly refer metaphorically to some typical morphological or behavioral characteristic feature of the dragonfly, for example samolot, lalka, szklarz. Some lexemes reflect also the folk beliefs. For example, there are names in which an association between the dragonfly and the snake is expressed – gadzia głowa, węzi pastuch. Generally, the names of a dragonfly in Polish dialects are culturally determined.

  14. GigaWaM—Next-Generation WDM-PON Enabling Gigabit Per-User Data Bandwidth

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Prince, Kamau; Gibbon, Timothy Braidwood; Rodes Lopez, Roberto;

    2012-01-01

    The “Gigabit access passive optical network using wavelength division multiplexing” project aims to implement 64-Gb/s data transmission over 20-km single-mode fiber. Per-user symmetric data rates of 1-Gb/s will be achieved using wavelength division multiplexing passive optical network (WDM...

  15. port_townsend_wa_1-3_arc-second_navd88.new.grd

    Data.gov (United States)

    National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, Department of Commerce — NGDC builds and distributes high-resolution, coastal digital elevation models (DEMs) that integrate ocean bathymetry and land topography to support NOAA's mission...

  16. A Critical Comparative Reading of Nationalism in Pramoedya A. Toer and Ngugi wa Thiong’o

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sunardi D.

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available This article tries to explore how the conception, birth, and development of novel can become a tool to shed lights to our understanding of the conception, birth, and development of nationalism. The discussion departs from a powerful finding by Edward Said that prominent exiles he happened to know and befriend with had deliberately chosen to be novelists. According to Said, the choice to write novels was fueled by intense feeling of homelessness, which in turn took shape in dream of an imaginary homeland. Novel as a genre is in perpetual search for epic; and since that epic is elusive, what novel can offer is an imagined form. It is in this shared feeling, the same desire to imagine a perfect home, the constant fabrication of narratives of the epic past, the invention of quasi-sacred texts alongside with the heroes and enemies, the dynamics of including and excluding of people that novel and nationalism inform each other. As reader, we turn to postcolonial Kenyan Thiong’o’s A Grain of Wheat and Indonesian Toer’s This Earth of Mankind. By commenting on the main characters of these novels we make intellectual exploration into the idea of nationalism. The results are two tentative conclusions regarding the relationship between novel and nationalism, i.e. (1 the pretense of novel to be epic is comparable to the claim of nationalism as the historically overarching set of identity of modern society, and (2 the dynamics of the characters in novel is a metonymy of the dynamics of nationalism bildungsroman.

  17. 78 FR 37969 - Safety Zone; South Park Bridge Construction, Lower Duwamish Waterway, Seattle, WA

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-06-25

    ...The Coast Guard is establishing a temporary safety zone in the lower Duwamish Waterway around the South Park Bridge in Seattle, Washington for the re-construction of the bridge. The safety zone is necessary to ensure the safety of the maritime public and workers involved in the bridge construction. The safety zone will prohibit any person or vessel from entering or remaining in the safety zone......

  18. 75 FR 72781 - Buckhorn Exploration Project 2010, Okanogan-Wenatchee National Forest, Okanogan County, WA

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-11-26

    ... contained in 43 CFR, Part 4, and Form 1842-1. Nature of the Decision To Be Made The Forest Supervisor for... could affect vegetation, tourism, recreation activities, viewpoints, aesthetic enjoyment of the area... vehicles and heavy trucks, could increase noise, which could impact tourism, recreation...

  19. Mediated Da'wa: Ethics, Nationalism and the Everyday in South Indian Islam

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Menon, N.R.

    2015-01-01

    How do we understand Islam as an anthropological object? While one answer to this question has highlighted the importance of Islam as a discursive tradition which seeks coherence in practices by returning to the scriptures (Qur’an and hadith), other research projects have focused on everyday lives o

  20. 76 FR 17471 - Air Tour Management Plan Environmental Assessment for Mount Rainier National Park, WA; Public...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-03-29

    ..., 1201 Oakridge Drive, Suite 100, Fort Collins, CO 80525; telephone: (970) 225-3552 or Mr. Larry Tonish..., on March 22, 2011. Larry Tonish, Program Manager, Air Tour Management Program. BILLING CODE 4910-13-P...

  1. Healing leadership: the serving leader's impact on patient outcomes in a clinical environment

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Andenoro A

    2012-05-01

    Full Text Available Chris Nagel1, Anthony C Andenoro21Medical Operations – Continuous Improvement, Cleveland Clinic, Cleveland, OH; 2Department of Organizational Leadership, Gonzaga University, Spokane, WA, USAAbstract: The future of health care is a topic that has significant importance to patients and caregivers alike for generations to come. As the health care industry becomes more complex, leadership and the examination of how to most effectively apply it to meet efficiency standards and optimize the patient experience will become paramount. Through this paper the authors provide the foundation for meeting this need through an innovative and socially adept framework that identifies the critical character attributes of a serving leader and the powerful impact that serving leaders can have on patient outcomes in the health care setting. This framework is grounded in a leadership theoretical foundation and contextually examined through qualitative methods. As the business of health care becomes more complex and more competitive, finding ways to improve processes and create healing environments conducive to improved patient outcomes will differentiate average health care and excellent health care in the future. This paper provides the impetus for successfully addressing these needs through the development of serving leaders, and three specific characteristics: emotional care, presence, and awareness.Keywords: servant leadership, health care, patient outcomes

  2. 77 FR 27357 - IFR Altitudes; Miscellaneous Amendments

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-05-10

    ... ``significant rule'' under DOT Regulatory Policies and Procedures (44 FR 11034; February 26, 1979); and (3) does... in Part Olympia, WA VORTAC *Carro, WA FIX **4000 *4000--MRA **2000--MOCA *CARRO, WA FIX Diggn, WA FIX... in Part Olympia, WA VORTAC *Carro, WA FIX **4000 *4000--MRA **2000--MOCA *Carro, WA FIX **Lofal,...

  3. Al-‘Alāqah bayn al-Dīn wa al-Dawlah bi Indūnīsiyā: Tan Malaka wa Ārā’uhu al-Siyāsīyah

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Khairil Azhar

    2014-03-01

    Full Text Available The present article is about the relation between religion and state as it is discussed by a prominent figure whose contributions to Indonesian politic are out of question. He is Tan Malaka, who has been considered as a radical Marxist activist. Through his works, including Madilog: Materialisme, Dialektika, Logika; Islam dalam Tinjauan Madilog Dari Penjara ke Penjara; Naar De Republiek Indonesie; Tan Malaka shows his deep appreciation to Marxism. That is why, in these works, be pays a great attention to liberation movement and freedom for people both from colonial domination and from feudalism rooted in Indonesian culture.Copyright (c 2014 by SDI. All right reserved.DOI: 10.15408/sdi.v7i2.711

  4. Multibeam collection for TN183: Multibeam data collected aboard Thomas G. Thompson from 2005-09-02 to 2005-10-04, departing from Seattle, WA and returning to Seattle, WA

    Data.gov (United States)

    National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, Department of Commerce — This data set is part of a larger set of data called the Multibeam Bathymetry Database (MBBDB) where other similar data can be found at...

  5. Multibeam collection for FOCI93: Multibeam data collected aboard Surveyor from 1993-08-28 to 1993-09-27, departing from Seattle, WA and returning to Seattle, WA

    Data.gov (United States)

    National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, Department of Commerce — This data set is part of a larger set of data called the Multibeam Bathymetry Database (MBBDB) where other similar data can be found at...

  6. Multibeam collection for B00088: Multibeam data collected aboard Discoverer from 1986-11-02 to 1986-11-05, departing from Seattle, WA and returning to Seattle, WA

    Data.gov (United States)

    National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, Department of Commerce — This data set is part of a larger set of data called the Multibeam Bathymetry Database (MBBDB) where other similar data can be found at...

  7. Multibeam collection for B00289: Multibeam data collected aboard Surveyor from 1991-07-24 to 1991-08-03, departing from Seattle, WA and returning to Seattle, WA

    Data.gov (United States)

    National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, Department of Commerce — This data set is part of a larger set of data called the Multibeam Bathymetry Database (MBBDB) where other similar data can be found at...

  8. Multibeam collection for TUIM14MV: Multibeam data collected aboard Melville from 2005-09-02 to 2005-09-22, departing from Seattle, WA and returning to Seattle, WA

    Data.gov (United States)

    National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, Department of Commerce — This data set is part of a larger set of data called the Multibeam Bathymetry Database (MBBDB) where other similar data can be found at...

  9. Multibeam collection for HLY03DF: Multibeam data collected aboard Healy from 2003-01-31 to 2003-04-01, departing from Seattle, WA and returning to Seattle, WA

    Data.gov (United States)

    National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, Department of Commerce — This data set is part of a larger set of data called the Multibeam Bathymetry Database (MBBDB) where other similar data can be found at...

  10. Multibeam collection for TN296: Multibeam data collected aboard Thomas G. Thompson from 2013-04-22 to 2013-04-26, departing from Seattle, WA and returning to Seattle, WA

    Data.gov (United States)

    National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, Department of Commerce — This data set is part of a larger set of data called the Multibeam Bathymetry Database (MBBDB) where other similar data can be found at...

  11. Multibeam collection for B00072: Multibeam data collected aboard Surveyor from 1986-09-10 to 1986-09-19, departing from Seattle, WA and returning to Seattle, WA

    Data.gov (United States)

    National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, Department of Commerce — This data set is part of a larger set of data called the Multibeam Bathymetry Database (MBBDB) where other similar data can be found at...

  12. Multibeam collection for B00028: Multibeam data collected aboard Surveyor from 1985-09-05 to 1985-09-05, departing from Seattle, WA and returning to Seattle, WA

    Data.gov (United States)

    National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, Department of Commerce — This data set is part of a larger set of data called the Multibeam Bathymetry Database (MBBDB) where other similar data can be found at...

  13. Multibeam collection for B00095: Multibeam data collected aboard Davidson from 1987-04-08 to 1987-04-13, departing from Seattle, WA and returning to Seattle, WA

    Data.gov (United States)

    National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, Department of Commerce — This data set is part of a larger set of data called the Multibeam Bathymetry Database (MBBDB) where other similar data can be found at...

  14. Multibeam collection for B00007: Multibeam data collected aboard Davidson from 1985-03-26 to 1985-04-09, departing from Seattle, WA and returning to Seattle, WA

    Data.gov (United States)

    National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, Department of Commerce — This data set is part of a larger set of data called the Multibeam Bathymetry Database (MBBDB) where other similar data can be found at...

  15. Multibeam collection for TN283: Multibeam data collected aboard Thomas G. Thompson from 2012-07-10 to 2012-07-24, departing from Seattle, WA and returning to Seattle, WA

    Data.gov (United States)

    National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, Department of Commerce — This data set is part of a larger set of data called the Multibeam Bathymetry Database (MBBDB) where other similar data can be found at...

  16. Multibeam collection for B00002: Multibeam data collected aboard Surveyor from 1984-05-24 to 1984-05-29, departing from Seattle, WA and returning to Seattle, WA

    Data.gov (United States)

    National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, Department of Commerce — This data set is part of a larger set of data called the Multibeam Bathymetry Database (MBBDB) where other similar data can be found at...

  17. Multibeam collection for TN244: Multibeam data collected aboard Thomas G. Thompson from 2009-12-05 to 2009-12-08, departing from Seattle, WA and returning to Seattle, WA

    Data.gov (United States)

    National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, Department of Commerce — This data set is part of a larger set of data called the Multibeam Bathymetry Database (MBBDB) where other similar data can be found at...

  18. Multibeam collection for TN266: Multibeam data collected aboard Thomas G. Thompson from 2011-06-28 to 2011-07-27, departing from Seattle, WA and returning to Seattle, WA

    Data.gov (United States)

    National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, Department of Commerce — This data set is part of a larger set of data called the Multibeam Bathymetry Database (MBBDB) where other similar data can be found at...

  19. Multibeam collection for TN269: Multibeam data collected aboard Thomas G. Thompson from 2011-09-09 to 2011-10-04, departing from Seattle, WA and returning to Seattle, WA

    Data.gov (United States)

    National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, Department of Commerce — This data set is part of a larger set of data called the Multibeam Bathymetry Database (MBBDB) where other similar data can be found at...

  20. Multibeam collection for TN080: Multibeam data collected aboard Thomas G. Thompson from 1998-07-14 to 1998-07-15, departing from Seattle, WA and returning to Seattle, WA

    Data.gov (United States)

    National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, Department of Commerce — This data set is part of a larger set of data called the Multibeam Bathymetry Database (MBBDB) where other similar data can be found at...

  1. Multibeam collection for EX0901: Multibeam data collected aboard Okeanos Explorer from 2009-03-29 to 2009-04-03, departing from Seattle, WA and returning to Seattle, WA

    Data.gov (United States)

    National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, Department of Commerce — This data set is part of a larger set of data called the Multibeam Bathymetry Database (MBBDB) where other similar data can be found at...

  2. Multibeam collection for TN315: Multibeam data collected aboard Thomas G. Thompson from 2014-10-22 to 2014-10-31, departing from Seattle, WA and returning to Seattle, WA

    Data.gov (United States)

    National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, Department of Commerce — This data set is part of a larger set of data called the Multibeam Bathymetry Database (MBBDB) where other similar data can be found at...

  3. Multibeam collection for TN291: Multibeam data collected aboard Thomas G. Thompson from 2013-01-25 to 2013-02-03, departing from Seattle, WA and returning to Seattle, WA

    Data.gov (United States)

    National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, Department of Commerce — This data set is part of a larger set of data called the Multibeam Bathymetry Database (MBBDB) where other similar data can be found at...

  4. Multibeam collection for TN243: Multibeam data collected aboard Thomas G. Thompson from 2009-11-07 to 2009-11-09, departing from Seattle, WA and returning to Seattle, WA

    Data.gov (United States)

    National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, Department of Commerce — This data set is part of a larger set of data called the Multibeam Bathymetry Database (MBBDB) where other similar data can be found at...

  5. Multibeam collection for TN256: Multibeam data collected aboard Thomas G. Thompson from 2010-10-23 to 2010-11-03, departing from Seattle, WA and returning to Seattle, WA

    Data.gov (United States)

    National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, Department of Commerce — This data set is part of a larger set of data called the Multibeam Bathymetry Database (MBBDB) where other similar data can be found at...

  6. Multibeam collection for TN334: Multibeam data collected aboard Thomas G. Thompson from 2015-12-10 to 2015-12-20, departing from Seattle, WA and returning to Seattle, WA

    Data.gov (United States)

    National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, Department of Commerce — This data set is part of a larger set of data called the Multibeam Bathymetry Database (MBBDB) where other similar data can be found at...

  7. Multibeam collection for TN333: Multibeam data collected aboard Thomas G. Thompson from 2015-11-12 to 2015-11-22, departing from Seattle, WA and returning to Seattle, WA

    Data.gov (United States)

    National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, Department of Commerce — This data set is part of a larger set of data called the Multibeam Bathymetry Database (MBBDB) where other similar data can be found at...

  8. Multibeam collection for TN290C: Multibeam data collected aboard Thomas G. Thompson from 2013-01-23 to 2013-01-24, departing from Seattle, WA and returning to Seattle, WA

    Data.gov (United States)

    National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, Department of Commerce — This data set is part of a larger set of data called the Multibeam Bathymetry Database (MBBDB) where other similar data can be found at...

  9. Multibeam collection for HLY14TF: Multibeam data collected aboard Healy from 2014-09-14 to 2014-09-18, departing from Seattle, WA and returning to Seattle, WA

    Data.gov (United States)

    National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, Department of Commerce — This data set is part of a larger set of data called the Multibeam Bathymetry Database (MBBDB) where other similar data can be found at...

  10. Multibeam collection for B00068: Multibeam data collected aboard Surveyor from 1986-08-23 to 1986-08-26, departing from Seattle, WA and returning to Seattle, WA

    Data.gov (United States)

    National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, Department of Commerce — This data set is part of a larger set of data called the Multibeam Bathymetry Database (MBBDB) where other similar data can be found at...

  11. Myxomycetes of the nature reserve near Wałbrzych (SW Poland. Part I. List of taxa and quantitative analysis

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Wanda Stojanowska

    2014-08-01

    Full Text Available A total number of 103 Myxomycetes taxa is known of the "Przełomy pod Księżem" nature reserve. In 2002, 89 taxa were recorded in the reserve. The following families prevail: Physaraceae - 24.4 %, Arcyriaceae, Didymiaceae and Stemonitidaceae - 15.8 % each, Trichiaceae - 12.2 %. Dominant genera are: Physarum - 14 species, Arcyria - 9, Trichia - 8, Cribraria and Diderma - 7 each. Three species were recorded for the first time in Poland: Arcyria minuta, Cribraria persooni and Symphytocarpus flaccidus. The occurrence of Didymium serpula and Lepidoderma tigrinum in Lower Silesia was confirmed after 100 years.

  12. al-ˀafˁāl an-nafsiyya bayn al-waṣf wa-ttanẓīr

    OpenAIRE

    Ṣaġīr, as-Saˁdiyya

    2013-01-01

    En este artículo se aborda el estudio de los verbos de sentimiento desde una óptica descriptiva y analítica. En la primera parte se calsifican los verbos de sentimiento en dos categorías o campos semánticos dependiendo de una serie de propiedades y características. Se establece una jerarquía que gobierna la estructura y las propiedades léxicas de dichos verbos. También se demuestra que las extensiones semánticas encajan perfectamente con la jerarquía propuesta. En la segunda...

  13. Semiotics of Power and Dictatorship in Ngũgĩ wa Thiong’o’s Later Novels

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Yémalo, C. AMOUSSOU

    2016-10-01

    Full Text Available This paper explores the different uses of symbols to express power and interpersonal relationship in Ngũgĩ’s bulkiest novel Wizard of the Crow (2006, with a few illustrations from Matigari (1987. It draws on the semiotic approach and identifies about a hundred discourse strings in which signs are used to express tenor between characters. In the main, supernatural, faunal and floral symbols are found to be main vehicles of power, though many other such avenues as ‘vocations’, ‘social and gender-related symbols’ and ‘biblical characterisation and numerology’, etc are unexplored here for space constraints. Before the analysis, it is deemed necessary to overview the theoretical background to the study in which relevant concepts have been clarified. It has been concluded that there is no other work in which power is so much expressed through the explored devices as in Wizard of the Crow.Keywords: tenor, symbol, index, proverb, modality metaphor, modaliser/ weakener, modulator/strengthener

  14. 75 FR 5941 - Umatilla National Forest, Walla Walla Ranger District, Walla Walla, WA; Cobbler II Timber Sale...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-02-05

    ... Time, Monday through Friday. FOR FURTHER INFORMATION CONTACT: Betsy Kaiser, Project Team Leader, Walla... where visual quality is a concern, mainly along Forest Road (FR) 62. Road Management--To accomplish... and improve forage quality for big game. In the majority of the project area, fire intensities...

  15. 75 FR 16502 - Notice of Intent to Repatriate Cultural Items: Northwest Museum Whitman College, Walla Walla, WA

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... accordance with the Native American Graves Protection and Repatriation Act (NAGPRA), 25 U.S.C. 3005, of the... stone beads (Whit-E-0390); 1 lot of stone and tooth beads (Whit-E-0396); 1 charcoal point (Whit-E-0511... site of Native American individuals. Officials of the Northwest Museum, Whitman College also...

  16. DOE ZERH Case Study: Clifton View Homes, Marine Drive and Port Hadlcok, Coupeville and Port Hadlock WA

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    none,

    2015-09-01

    Case study of two DOE 2015 Housing Innovation Award winning custom homes in the marine climate that got HERS 39 and 38 without PV or HERS 2-12 and -9 with PV, with 6.5” SIP walls and 10.25” SIP roof; 11.75 ICF around slab, R-20 rigid foam under slab; radiant floor heat and passive design; air-to-water heatpump, fresh air intake with fan, triple-pane windows, 100% LED.

  17. 76 FR 41237 - Public Utility District No. 1 of Snohomish County, WA; Notice Concluding Pre-Filing Process and...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-07-13

    ... subsea transmission cable, connecting to a cable termination vault about 50 meters from shore; (3) two 81-meter-long buried conduits containing the two DC transmission lines from the turbines and connecting to... building to the grid; and (5) appurtenant facilities for operation and maintenance. The estimated...

  18. WA - Impacts of non-point source pollution on the health of salmonids in urban and urbanizing watersheds

    Data.gov (United States)

    US Fish and Wildlife Service, Department of the Interior — By the Services conducting this off-refuge EC investigation and jointly publishing the results in the two aforementioned manuscripts [see notes section of ProCite...

  19. Water Accounting Plus (WA+) – a water accounting procedure for complex river basins based on satellite measurements

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Karimi, P.; Bastiaanssen, W.G.M.; Molden, D.

    2013-01-01

    Coping with water scarcity and growing competition for water among different sectors requires proper water management strategies and decision processes. A pre-requisite is a clear understanding of the basin hydrological processes, manageable and unmanageable water flows, the interaction with land us

  20. Phylogenetic analysis of Bangiadulcis atropurpurea (A. Roth W.A. Nelson and Bangia fuscopurpurea (Dillwyn Lyngbye (Bangiales, Rhodophyta in Taiwan

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Chou Jui-Yu

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available Samples of the freshwater red algae, Bangiadulcis atropurpurea, collected from the mountain waterfalls and its close species, Bangia fuscopurpurea, collected from coasts, were phylogenetically analyzed. The sequences of the rbcL gene and RuBisCO spacer region of the freshwater Bangiadulcis atropurpurea species were identical or similar to those of B. atropurpurea from Japan, North America and Europe. This result indicated that the freshwater Bangiadulcis species from Taiwan shared a common ancestor with the three above-mentioned populations and formed a distinct clade from the marine Bangia species in the phylogenetic trees. It is suggested that all the previous records on marine Bangia species should be revised and the name B. fuscopurpurea be used for the marine species in Taiwan. In this study, the freshwater alga B. atropurpurea presents a new record in the algal flora of Taiwan. This finding is important for the protection of the biodiversity of red algal flora, and provides useful information on the ecological conservation of the species in Taiwan.

  1. Community vulnerability assessment index for flood prone savannah agro-ecological zone: A case study of Wa West District, Ghana

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Effah Kwabena Antwi

    2015-12-01

    Full Text Available The savannah regions of Northern Ghana are characterized by smallholder farming systems and high levels of poverty. Over the past two decades, communities in the regions have become more prone to climate and human-induced disasters in the form of annual floods and droughts. This study evaluates the degree and magnitude of vulnerability in four communities subjected to similar climate change induced flood events and propose intervention options. The study employs rural participatory research approaches in developing four vulnerability categories namely socio-economic, ecological, engineering and political; which were used to develop indicators that aided the calculation of total community vulnerability index for each community. The findings indicate that the state of a community's vulnerability to flood is a composite effect of the four vulnerability index categories which may act independently or concurrently to produce the net effect. Based on a synthesis of total vulnerability obtained in each community, Baleufili was found to be the least vulnerable to flood due to its high scores in engineering, socio-economic and political vulnerability indicators. Baleufili and Bankpama were the most ecologically vulnerable communities. The selection of vulnerability index categories and associated indicators were grounded in specific local peculiarities that evolved out of engagement with community stakeholders and expert knowledge of the socioecological landscape. Thus, the Total Community Vulnerability Assessment Framework (TCVAF provides an effective decision support for identifying communities’ vulnerability status and help to design both short and long term interventions options that are community specific as a way of enhancing their coping and adaptive capacity to disasters.

  2. Lipophilic Toxins in WA - Clear and present danger: monitoring and management of lipophilic shellfish toxins in Washington State

    Data.gov (United States)

    National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, Department of Commerce — Lipophilic shellfish toxins comprise an extensive suite of compounds including those associated with the human syndromes known as diarrhetic shellfish poisoning...

  3. Preparing for Volcanic Hazards: An Examination of Lahar Knowledge, Risk Perception, and Preparedness around Mount Baker and Glacier Peak, WA

    Science.gov (United States)

    Corwin, K.; Brand, B. D.

    2015-12-01

    As the number of people living at risk from volcanic hazards in the U.S. Pacific Northwest continues to rise, so does the need for improved hazard science, mitigation, and response planning. The effectiveness of these efforts relies not only on scientists and policymakers, but on individuals and their risk perception and preparedness levels. This study examines the individual knowledge, perception, and preparedness of over 500 survey respondents living or working within the lahar zones of Mount Baker and Glacier Peak volcanoes. We (1) explore the common disconnect between accurate risk perception and adequate preparedness; (2) determine how participation in hazard response planning influences knowledge, risk perception, and preparedness; and (3) assess the effectiveness of current lahar hazard maps for public risk communication. Results indicate that a disconnect exists between perception and preparedness for the majority of respondents. While 82% of respondents accurately anticipate that future volcanic hazards will impact the Skagit Valley, this knowledge fails to motivate increased preparedness. A majority of respondents also feel "very responsible" for their own protection and provision of resources during a hazardous event (83%) and believe they have the knowledge and skills necessary to respond effectively to such an event (56%); however, many of these individuals still do not adequately prepare. When asked what barriers prevent them from preparing, respondents primarily cite a lack of knowledge about relevant local hazards. Results show that participation in response-related activities—a commonly recommended solution to this disconnect—minimally influences preparedness. Additionally, although local hazard maps successfully communicate the primary hazard—97% of respondents recognize the lahar hazard—many individuals incorrectly interpret other important facets of the maps. Those who participate in response-related activities fail to understand these maps better than the general public. This study's findings will be provided to emergency managers to assist in the development of educational programs and response plans.

  4. Evaluating nonindigenous species management in a Bayesian networks derived relative risk framework for Padilla Bay, WA, USA.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Herring, Carlie E; Stinson, Jonah; Landis, Wayne G

    2015-10-01

    Many coastal regions are encountering issues with the spread of nonindigenous species (NIS). In this study, we conducted a regional risk assessment using a Bayesian network relative risk model (BN-RRM) to analyze multiple vectors of NIS introductions to Padilla Bay, Washington, a National Estuarine Research Reserve. We had 3 objectives in this study. The 1st objective was to determine whether the BN-RRM could be used to calculate risk from NIS introductions for Padilla Bay. Our 2nd objective was to determine which regions and endpoints were at greatest risk from NIS introductions. Our 3rd objective was to incorporate a management option into the model and predict endpoint risk if it were to be implemented. Eradication can occur at different stages of NIS invasions, such as the elimination of these species before being introduced to the habitat or removal of the species after settlement. We incorporated the ballast water treatment management scenario into the model, observed the risk to the endpoints, and compared this risk with the initial risk estimates. The model results indicated that the southern portion of the bay was at greatest risk because of NIS. Changes in community composition, Dungeness crab, and eelgrass were the endpoints most at risk from NIS introductions. The currents node, which controls the exposure of NIS to the bay from the surrounding marine environment, was the parameter that had the greatest influence on risk. The ballast water management scenario displayed an approximate 1% reduction in risk in this Padilla Bay case study. The models we developed provide an adaptable template for decision makers interested in managing NIS in other coastal regions and large bodies of water. PMID:25845995

  5. Determining flow, recharge, and vadose zonedrainage in anunconfined aquifer from groundwater strontium isotope measurements, PascoBasin, WA

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    mjsingleton@lbl.gov

    2004-06-29

    Strontium isotope compositions (87Sr/86Sr) measured in groundwater samples from 273 wells in the Pasco Basin unconfined aquifer below the Hanford Site show large and systematic variations that provide constraints on groundwater recharge, weathering rates of the aquifer host rocks, communication between unconfined and deeper confined aquifers, and vadose zone-groundwater interaction. The impact of millions of cubic meters of wastewater discharged to the vadose zone (103-105 times higher than ambient drainage) shows up strikingly on maps of groundwater 87Sr/86Sr. Extensive access through the many groundwater monitoring wells at the site allows for an unprecedented opportunity to evaluate the strontium geochemistry of a major aquifer, hosted primarily in unconsolidated sediments, and relate it to both long term properties and recent disturbances. Groundwater 87Sr/86Sr increases systematically from 0.707 to 0.712 from west to east across the Hanford Site, in the general direction of groundwater flow, as a result of addition of Sr from the weathering of aquifer sediments and from diffuse drainage through the vadose zone. The lower 87Sr/86Sr groundwater reflects recharge waters that have acquired Sr from Columbia River Basalts. Based on a steady-state model of Sr reactive transport and drainage, there is an average natural drainage flux of 0-1.4 mm/yr near the western margin of the Hanford Site, and ambient drainage may be up to 30 mm/yr in the center of the site assuming an average bulk rock weathering rate of 10-7.5 g/g/yr.

  6. 77 FR 28568 - Foreign-Trade Zone 216-Olympia, WA; Notification of Proposed Production Activity; Callisons, Inc...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-05-15

    ... essential oils of peppermint (mentha piperita), other essential mint oils, odoriferous mixtures for use by..., cyclenic ethers and derivatives, cyclenic ketones without oxygen, essential oils of peppermint...

  7. Integrated Status and Effectiveness Monitoring Program Population Estimates for Juvenile Salmonids in Nason Creek, WA ; 2008 Annual Report.

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Collins, Matthew; Murdoch, Keely [Yakama Nation Fisheries Resource Management

    2009-07-20

    This report summarizes juvenile coho, spring Chinook, and steelhead salmon migration data collected at a 1.5m diameter cone rotary fish trap on Nason Creek during 2008; providing abundance and freshwater productivity estimates. We used species enumeration at the trap and efficiency trials to describe emigration timing and to estimate the number of emigrants. Trapping began on March 2, 2008 and was suspended on December 11, 2008 when snow and ice accumulation prevented operation. During 2008, 0 brood year (BY) 2006 coho, 1 BY2007 coho, 906 BY2006 spring Chinook, 323 BY2007 fry Chinook, 2,077 BY2007 subyearling Chinook, 169 steelhead smolts, 414 steelhead fry and 2,390 steelhead parr were trapped. Mark-recapture trap efficiency trials were performed over a range of stream discharge stages. A total of 2,639 spring Chinook, 2,154 steelhead and 12 bull trout were implanted with Passive Integrated Transponder (PIT) tags. Most PIT tagged fish were used for trap efficiency trials. We were unable to identify a statistically significant relationship between stream discharge and trap efficiency, thus, pooled efficiency estimates specific to species and trap size/position were used to estimate the number of fish emigrating past the trap. We estimate that 5,259 ({+-} 359; 95% CI) BY2006 Chinook, 16,816 ({+-} 731; 95% CI) BY2007 Chinook, and 47,868 ({+-} 3,780; 95% CI) steelhead parr and smolts emigrated from Nason Creek in 2008.

  8. Weighted averaging partial least squares regression (WA-PLS): an improved method for reconstructing environmental variables from species assemblages

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Braak, ter C.J.F.; Juggins, S.

    1993-01-01

    Weighted averaging regression and calibration form a simple, yet powerful method for reconstructing environmental variables from species assemblages. Based on the concepts of niche-space partitioning and ecological optima of species (indicator values), it performs well with noisy, species-rich data

  9. 77 FR 70137 - Okanogan-Wenatchee National Forest, Okanogan County, WA; Bannon, Aeneas, Revis, and Tunk Grazing...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-11-23

    ... and Resource Management Plan as amended. There is a need to modify range infrastructure and livestock... additional fencing would improve livestock management and riparian areas. A monitoring plan would be... standards and guidelines as amended providing forage for permitted livestock grazing is proposed because...

  10. Religion, Economy, and State: Economic Thought of al-Mawardi in Adab al-Dunya wa-al-Din

    OpenAIRE

    Jaelani, Aan

    2016-01-01

    The relation between religion, economy and the country became a major topic in the development of public welfare systems. Humans are political creatures that have the potential to realise the level of moral conscience to meet the needs of a better life, but humans as spiritual beings must have a balance between religious morality and economic morality. With economic ethics are supported by religious morality, the welfare system can be realised systemically if the state, communities and indivi...

  11. THE COST OF POSITIONAL NEGOTIATIONS VERSUS COLLABORATIVE OR RELATIONAL NEGOTIATIONS FOR NEGOTIATING COMPLIANCE MILESTONES AT HANFORD WA

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The Hanford site is subject to the Hanford Federal Facility Agreement and Consent Order (HFFACO), an order on consent signed by the DOE, the U. S. Environmental Protection Agency, (EPA) and the Washington Department of Ecology (WDOE). Under the HFFCCO, negotiations for transition milestones begin within six months after the issuance of a shutdown order. In the case of the PFP, the Nuclear Materials disposition and stabilization activities, a DOE responsibility, were necessary as precursor activities to Transition. This situation precipitated a crisis in the negotiations between the agencies, and formal negotiations initiated in 1997 ended in failure. The negotiations reached impasse on several key regulatory and operational issues. The 1997 negotiation was characterized by a strongly positional style. DOE and the regulatory personnel took hard lines early in the negotiations and were unable to move to resolution of key issues after a year and a half. This resulted in unhappy stakeholders, poor publicity, and work delays as well as wounded relationships between DOE and the regulatory community. The PFP is a former plutonium metal production facility. The operating mission of the PFP ended with a DOE Headquarters shutdown letter in October of 1996. Generally, the receipt of a shutdown letter initiates the start of Transition (as the first step of Decommissioning) of a facility. In the 2000-2001 PFP negotiations, a completely different approach was suggested and eventually initiated: Collaborative or Relational Negotiations. The relational negotiation style resulted in agreement between the agencies on all key issues within 6 months of initiation. All parties were very pleased with the results and all parties were relieved that protracted negotiations sessions were not needed with the new style of working together collaboratively to serve each other's interests without compromising each party's needs. The characteristics of collaborative negotiations included building trust, emphasizing equality of team members, problem solving by the entire team, relying on individual communications, and self-management skills. A specific example of positional negotiations is given with the resultant increase in cost, duration of negotiations, and lingering questions regarding trust among the parties

  12. THE COST OF POSITIONAL NEGOTIATIONS VERSUS COLLABORATIVE OR RELATIONAL NEGOTIATIONS FOR NEGOTIATING COMPLIANCE MILESTONES AT HANFORD WA

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    HOPKINS, A.M.

    2004-02-26

    The Hanford site is subject to the Hanford Federal Facility Agreement and Consent Order (HFFACO), an order on consent signed by the DOE, the U. S. Environmental Protection Agency, (EPA) and the Washington Department of Ecology (WDOE). Under the HFFCCO, negotiations for transition milestones begin within six months after the issuance of a shutdown order. In the case of the PFP, the Nuclear Materials disposition and stabilization activities, a DOE responsibility, were necessary as precursor activities to Transition. This situation precipitated a crisis in the negotiations between the agencies, and formal negotiations initiated in 1997 ended in failure. The negotiations reached impasse on several key regulatory and operational issues. The 1997 negotiation was characterized by a strongly positional style. DOE and the regulatory personnel took hard lines early in the negotiations and were unable to move to resolution of key issues after a year and a half. This resulted in unhappy stakeholders, poor publicity, and work delays as well as wounded relationships between DOE and the regulatory community. The PFP is a former plutonium metal production facility. The operating mission of the PFP ended with a DOE Headquarters shutdown letter in October of 1996. Generally, the receipt of a shutdown letter initiates the start of Transition (as the first step of Decommissioning) of a facility. In the 2000-2001 PFP negotiations, a completely different approach was suggested and eventually initiated: Collaborative or Relational Negotiations. The relational negotiation style resulted in agreement between the agencies on all key issues within 6 months of initiation. All parties were very pleased with the results and all parties were relieved that protracted negotiations sessions were not needed with the new style of working together collaboratively to serve each other's interests without compromising each party's needs. The characteristics of collaborative negotiations included building trust, emphasizing equality of team members, problem solving by the entire team, relying on individual communications, and self-management skills. A specific example of positional negotiations is given with the resultant increase in cost, duration of negotiations, and lingering questions regarding trust among the parties.

  13. Public private partnership (PPP) in heritage conservation: the case study of Casa de Cha Long Wa, Macao

    OpenAIRE

    Chen, Zhaoyu; 陈昭宇.

    2013-01-01

    Public private partnership (PPP) is a favorable cooperation mode in delivery of public infrastructure and service projects. This concept is warmly discussed in economic perspective on providing a wide range of general public services. The private sector which involved in the public services work, it helps release public sector’s finance pressure on funds and reduce the risks on conducting the works. When this PPP concept applied into conservation works, government and private sector util...

  14. 75 FR 1049 - Public Utility District No. 1 of Snohomish County, WA; Notice of Intent To File License...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-08

    ... Process Regulations Necessary for Expedited Processing of a Hydrokinetic Pilot Project License Application... Application for an Original License for a Hydrokinetic Pilot Project. b. Project No.: 12690-003. c. Date Filed...: (1) A notice of intent (NOI) to file an application for an original license for a hydrokinetic...

  15. 76 FR 28505 - Okanogan Public Utility District No. 1 of Okanogan County, WA; Notice of Availability of Draft...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-05-17

    ...; and interpretive signage near the parking, picnic area, and near the access bridge to the abandoned..., primitive campsites, and a vault toilet on the east bank upstream of Enloe dam; Maintaining existing signage... that, demolishing the structure and providing interpretive signage using visually-compatible colors...

  16. Online molecular characterization of fine particulate matter in Port Angeles, WA: Evidence for a major impact from residential wood smoke

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gaston, Cassandra J.; Lopez-Hilfiker, Felipe D.; Whybrew, Lauren E.; Hadley, Odelle; McNair, Fran; Gao, Honglian; Jaffe, Daniel A.; Thornton, Joel A.

    2016-08-01

    We present on-line molecular composition measurements of wintertime particulate matter (PM) during 2014 using an iodide-adduct high-resolution, time-of-flight chemical ionization mass spectrometer (HR-TOF-CIMS) coupled to a Filter Inlet for Gases and AEROsols (FIGAERO). These measurements were part of an intensive effort to characterize PM in the region with a focus on ultrafine particle sources. The technique was used to detect and quantify different classes of wood burning tracers, including levoglucosan, methoxyphenols, and nitrocatechols, among other compounds in near real-time. During the campaign, particulate mass concentrations of compounds with the same molecular composition as levoglucosan ranged from 0.002 to 19 μg/m3 with a median mass concentration of 0.9 μg/m3. Wood burning markers, in general, showed a strong diurnal pattern peaking at night and in the early morning. This diurnal profile combined with cold, stagnant conditions, wind directions from predominantly residential areas, and observations of lower combustion efficiency at night support residential wood burning as a dominant source of wintertime PM in Port Angeles. This finding has implications for improving wintertime air quality in the region by encouraging the use of high efficiency wood-burning stoves or other cleaner home heating options throughout the relevant domain.

  17. 75 FR 34927 - Safety Zone; Parade of Ships, Seattle SeaFair Fleet Week, Pier 66, Elliott Bay, WA

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-06-21

    ... SECURITY Coast Guard 33 CFR Part 165 RIN 1625-AA00 Safety Zone; Parade of Ships, Seattle SeaFair Fleet Week... with the Parade of Ships for the annual Seattle SeaFair Fleet Week. This action is intended to restrict... action is necessary to ensure the safety of spectators and participants attending Fleet Week...

  18. 75 FR 69426 - Public Utility District No. 1 of Chelan County, WA; Notice of Application for Amendment of...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-11-12

    ... authorization to allow Beebe Ranch to construct a 40-slip community boat dock, and a community access area on... Beebe Ranch Development. The community boat dock would be located north of the Beebe Bridge, in...

  19. W.A. Parish Post-Combustion CO{sub 2} Capture and Sequestration Project Phase 1 Definition

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Armpriester, Anthony; Smith, Roger; Scheriffius, Jeff; Smyth, Rebecca; Istre, Michael

    2014-02-01

    For a secure and sustainable energy future, the United States (U.S.) must reduce its dependence on imported oil and reduce its emissions of carbon dioxide (CO{sub 2}) and other greenhouse gases (GHGs). To meet these strategic challenges, the U.S. wiU have to create fundamentally new technologies with performance levels far beyond what is now possible. Developing advanced post-combustion clean coal technologies for capturing CO{sub 2} from existing coal-fired power plants can play a major role in the country's transition to a sustainable energy future, especially when coupled with CO{sub 2}-enhanced oil recovery (CO{sub 2}-EOR). Pursuant to these goals, NRG Energy, Inc. (NRG) submitted an application and entered into a cost-shared collaboration with the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) under Round 3 of the Clean Coal Power Initiative (CCPI) to advance low-emission coal technologies. The objective of the NRG W A Parish Post-Combustion CO{sub 2} Capture and Sequestration Demonstration Project is to establish the technical feasibility and economic viability of post-combustion CO{sub 2} capture using flue gas from an existing pulverized coal-fired boiler integrated with geologic sequestration via an enhanced oil recovery (EOR) process. To achieve these objectives, the project will be executed in three phases. Each phase represents a distinct aspect of the project execution. The project phases are: • Phase I. Project Definition/Front-End Engineering Design (FEED) • Phase ll. Detailed Engineering, Procurement & Construction • Phase III. Demonstration and Monitoring The purpose of Phase I is to develop the project in sufficient detail to facilitate the decision-making process in progressing to the next stage of project delivery. Phase n. This report provides a complete summary of the FEED study effort, including pertinent project background information, the scope of facilities covered, decisions, challenges, and considerations made regarding configuration and performance of the facility, along with the conceptual design and estimate results. The findings of this report should be considered conceptual in nature and are conditioned on the statements contained herein. The cost of preparing this report (including the FEED study described herein) was funded in part by a $167-million grant provided by the U.S. DOE.

  20. Canada continues use prohibition of gene recombination cattle somatotropin; Kanada wa idenshikumikaegyu seicho horumon no shiyo kinshi wo keizoku

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1999-04-05

    Canada continued use prohibition of gene recombination cattle somatotropin (BST) which stimulated milk increased production of this company in spite of request of Monsanto Co.. The cow that BST was administered is based on the report of veterinary surgeon that causes reproductive function and lowering in the life, dysbasia and increase in the mastitis on this. From the research report that BST causes thyroid gland cyst of the male rat in U.S.A., consumer organization and environment group petition FDA for the elimination of BST from the U.S.A. market. In the meantime, Monsanto Co. in the report which Canada adopted, chemical structure is different, and it reports that it uses BST of other company in which dosing method and dosing frequency differ and disregards the report of Cornell university in which the life of the cow administered more and more does not lower BST. (translated by NEDO)

  1. Wykorzystanie zarządzania projektami w rozwiązywaniu ważnych kwestii społecznych

    OpenAIRE

    Baran, Grzegorz

    2007-01-01

    The goal of the paper is to show the means of using project management to deal with important social issues. Corporate Social Responsibility was analyzed as the example of the important social issue. The engagement of business in social activities is growing in mature democratic states. The significant aspect of corporate social responsibility is that being guided by its principles is useful and profitable both for society and for business. The aim of the paper is to devel...

  2. Should harmony be regarded as most valuable ?; 'Wa wo motte totoshi to nasu' beki ka

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Mikasa, M. [Kansai Electric Power Co. Inc., Osaka (Japan)

    1998-12-10

    The cause of the Japan Air Lines aircraft crash accident occurred in 1977 in Kuala Lumpur was the aircraft altitude having been dropped below the regulated altitude. The Japanese culture to respect harmony most valuable prevented reportedly the co-pilot and the engineer from giving the captain a caution on violating the regulation. When the effective stress method was introduced into the criteria for designing dams to be constructed by the Ministry of Construction as the fundamental principle of the soil mechanics, a theoretical error was found. Insistence was made to return the criteria to those for correct design, but only in vain having caused wasteful investment of a considerable amount. It is regretted now that compromise was made with the spirit of harmony as the primary consideration. The author is continuing a drive to observe the metric system gravitation unit, going against the flow of the world to unify all of the unit systems into use of the international unit system. The policy of SI to use the dynamically defined 1N as the unit for force and mass is nothing but annoyance. The policy will accelerate students to leave off from the science course in the fundamental education. There is a large number of scholars and engineers who doubt the all-out and standardized use of SI. However, if they remain silent on their doubt for the harmony with other nations and the society even though they recognize truly the importance of the metric system gravitation unit, it means an exchange of their belief with what is called harmony. (NEDO)

  3. 75 FR 77901 - National Register of Historic Places; Notification of Pending Nominations and Related Actions

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-12-14

    ..., 11455 E Locke Rd, Lockeford, 10001103 INDIANA Hendricks County Danville Courthouse Square Historic...), 115 SE Lake St, Ilwaco, 10001106 Spokane County Rogers, John R., High School, 1622 E Wellesley...

  4. 78 FR 73881 - National Register of Historic Places; Notification of Pending Nominations and Related Actions

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-12-09

    ... St., Pensacola, 13000963 Polk County Auburndale City Hall, 1 Bobby Green Plz., Auburndale, 13000964... Theaters in Washington State MPS) 924 W. Garland Ave., Spokane, 13000999 Ridpath Hotel, 515 W. Sprague...

  5. 5 CFR 2640.102 - Definitions.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... Spokane stock exchanges. (q) Sector mutual fund means a mutual fund that concentrates its investments in... interests pursuant to 5 CFR 2634.310(c) and 2634.907(i)(3). In some cases, an employee may have to...

  6. 5 CFR Appendix III to Part 1201 - Approved Hearing Locations By Regional Office

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... York, New York Syracuse, New York San Juan, Puerto Rico Washington Regional Office Washington, DC... Portland, Oregon Seattle, Washington Spokane, Washington Richland, Kennewick, and Pasco, Washington Denver... Dakota Salt Lake City, Utah Casper, Wyoming...

  7. 76 FR 58811 - Change in Bank Control Notices; Acquisitions of Shares of a Bank or Bank Holding Company

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-09-22

    ..., California 94105-1579: 1. James Gaines McCullar and Carolyn Jean McCullar, both of Soap Lake, Washington; to... Spokane, Washington. Board of Governors of the Federal Reserve System, September 19, 2011. Robert...

  8. Habitat Evaluation Procedures (HEP) Report : Grand Coulee Dam Mitigation, 1996-1999 Technical Report.

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Kieffer, B.; Singer, Kelly; Abrahamson, Twa-le

    1999-07-01

    The purpose of this Habitat Evaluation Procedures (HEP) study was to determine baseline habitat units and to estimate future habitat units for Bonneville Power Administration (BPA) mitigation projects on the Spokane Indian Reservation. The mitigation between BPA and the Spokane Tribe of Indians (STOI) is for wildlife habitat losses on account of the construction of Grand Coulee Dam. Analysis of the HEP survey data will assist in mitigation crediting and appropriate management of the mitigation lands.

  9. A view of the West Hall from the target region

    CERN Multimedia

    1976-01-01

    Beams are being lay out. Starting from the left one sees the S1 and E1A/H1A beam lines pointing to Omega magnet, the H1B beam towards WA3 and WA7 experiments, the hyperon beam Y1, the H3 beam (WA9, WA6, Wa5), the S3 beam to BEBC.

  10. Lake Roosevelt White Sturgeon Recovery Project : Annual Progress Report, January 2003 – March 2004.

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Howell, Matthew D.; McLellan, Jason G. [Washington Department of Fish and Wildlife

    2009-07-15

    This report summarizes catch data collected from white sturgeon Acipenser transmontanus in Lake Roosevelt during limited setlining and gill netting activities in the fall of 2003, and documents progress toward development of a U.S. white sturgeon conservation aquaculture program for Lake Roosevelt. From 27-30 October, 42 overnight small mesh gill net sets were made between Marcus and Northport, WA for a total catch of 15 juvenile white sturgeon (275-488 mm FL). All sturgeon captured were of Canadian hatchery origin. These fish had been previously released as sub-yearlings into the Canadian portion (Keenleyside Reach) of the Transboundary Reach of the Columbia River during 2002 and 2003. Most sturgeon (n=14) were caught in the most upstream area sampled (Northport) in low velocity eddy areas. Five fish exhibited pectoral fin deformities (curled or stunted). Growth rates were less than for juvenile sturgeon captured in the Keenleyside Reach but condition factor was similar. Condition factor was also similar to that observed in juvenile sturgeon (ages 1-8) captured in the unimpounded Columbia River below Bonneville Dam between 1987-92. From 10-14 November, 28 overnight setline sets were made in the Roosevelt Reach between the confluence of the Spokane River and Marcus Island for a total catch of 17 white sturgeon (94-213 cm FL). Catch was greatest in the most upstream areas sampled, a distribution similar to that observed during a WDFW setline survey in Lake Roosevelt in 1998. The mean W{sub r} index of 110% for fish captured this year was higher than the mean W{sub r} of 91% for fish captured in 1998. Excellent fish condition hindered surgical examination of gonads as lipid deposits made the ventral body wall very thick and difficult to penetrate with available otoscope specula. Acoustic tags (Vemco model V16 coded pingers, 69 kHz, 48-month life expectancy) were internally applied to 15 fish for subsequent telemetry investigations of seasonal and reproductively

  11. Wa People' s Sorcery for Good Harvest and Its Cultural Function%佤族的祈丰巫术及其文化功能

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    罗承松

    2010-01-01

    以旱作为主要生计的佤族先民,谷物的丰歉在很大程度上左右着人们的社会生活情感,所以每当遇到旱谷长不好或社区发生重大灾难的时候,他们就要举行拉木鼓、猎人头、砍牛尾巴等仪式,这些仪式除了巫术的性能以外,也是佤族社会借以影响其个人成员,将某种情感体系在他们思想中保持活跃的手段.

  12. Eocene-Oligocene proto-Cascades topography revealed by clumped (Δ47) and oxygen isotope (δ18O) geochemistry (Chumstick Basin, WA, USA)

    Science.gov (United States)

    Methner, Katharina; Fiebig, Jens; Wacker, Ulrike; Umhoefer, Paul; Chamberlain, C. Page; Mulch, Andreas

    2016-03-01

    The topography of the present-day Washington Cascades impacts atmospheric circulation and precipitation patterns in the Pacific Northwest, introducing a pronounced orographic rain shadow in the lee of the mountain range. The temporal development of Cascade topography, however, remains largely unconstrained for the early Cenozoic. Based on coupled carbonate clumped isotope (Δ47) and oxygen isotope (δ18O) measurements we reconstruct δ18O values of Eocene groundwater (δ18Owater) in the Chumstick basin (central Washington), today located in the Cascade rain shadow. Δ47 (paleo)thermometry indicates a systematic change in basin burial temperatures from 110°C to 70°C depending on burial depth in the basin. These data are in good agreement with low-T thermochronological and vitrinite reflectance data, and further constrain the basin burial and exhumation history. In concert with field observations, microstructural analysis, and δ18O values of the analyzed carbonates, we suggest that the Δ47 temperatures and δ18O values reflect open-system carbonate cement recrystallization in meteoric-derived groundwaters during early burial diagenesis. Assuming open-system behavior, reconstructed mean δ18Owater values of ~ -7‰ (middle Eocene) to -9‰ (late Eocene/early Oligocene) are consistent with a low-elevation origin of the corresponding meteoric waters that permeated the sandstone/conglomerate members of the Eocene sedimentary units. In light of the paleogeographic setting of the Chumstick basin, the reconstructed δ18Owater values agree well with Pacific-derived moisture that did not experience strong rainout. The absence of a rain shadow effect therefore permits only moderate Eocene/Oligocene elevations at least for the southern part of the Washington proto-Cascades.

  13. 浅析佤族文化中的教育因素%Analyzing the Educational Factors in Cultures of Wa People

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    史晓红

    2010-01-01

    教育是文化的组成部分,在神奇的佤族文化世界里,包含着教育组织形式的现场性与全民性等教育因素.探讨佤族文化中的教育因素,对于了解佤族的教育历史,促进佤族文化的传递、保存、交流和创新具有积极的意义.

  14. TA'LIM AL-LUGHAH 'ABR AL-TSAQAFAT WA TATHBIQUHU FI TA'LIM AL-LUGHAH AL-'ARABIYAH FI INDONESIA

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Nasaruddin

    2015-12-01

    Full Text Available This article examines the close relationship that exists between language and culture which reflected in that language is a pot of culture and culture is a frame of language usage. It follows from this relationship that language learning is the linguistic and cultural process, or what so-called teaching language across cultures. This cultural teaching of language is based on three theories first of which is “Contrastive Analysis”, “Learning The Language Is A Cultural Learning”, and “Cultural Awareness In Foreign Language Teaching And Learning”. Based on these three theories this article tries to put down a cultural pattern for the teaching of Arabic for Indonesian learners which has cultural goals and content. It aims at overcoming linguistic and cultural problems suffered by the Indonesians when learning the Arabic, especially their difficulty in understanding Arabic elements that are different from what in their language, and their difficulty in using Arabic in certain situations properly.

  15. OR/WA Environmental contaminants in fish eating birds from the Lewis and Clark NWR and Ridgefield NWR along the Columbia River

    Data.gov (United States)

    US Fish and Wildlife Service, Department of the Interior — Great blue heron (Ardea herodias) eggs and prey items were collected from six colonies on the Columbia and Willamette rivers and Puget Sound during 1994-95....

  16. Hanford facility dangerous waste Part A, Form 3 and Part B permit application documentation, Central Waste Complex (WA7890008967)(TSD: TS-2-4)

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Saueressig, D.G.

    1998-05-20

    The Hanford Facility Dangerous Waste Permit Application is considered to be a single application organized into a General Information Portion (document number DOE/RL-91-28) and a Unit-Specific Portion. The scope of the Unit-Specific Portion is limited to Part B permit application documentation submitted for individual, operating, treatment, storage, and/or disposal units, such as the Central Waste Complex (this document, DOE/RL-91-17). Both the General Information and Unit-Specific portions of the Hanford Facility Dangerous Waste Permit Application address the content of the Part B permit application guidance prepared by the Washington State Department of Ecology (Ecology 1996) and the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (40 Code of Federal Regulations 270), with additional information needed by the Hazardous and Solid Waste Amendments and revisions of Washington Administrative Code 173-303. For ease of reference, the Washington State Department of Ecology alpha-numeric section identifiers from the permit application guidance documentation (Ecology 1996) follow, in brackets, the chapter headings and subheadings. A checklist indicating where information is contained in the Central Waste Complex permit application documentation, in relation to the Washington State Department of Ecology guidance, is located in the Contents section. Documentation contained in the General Information Portion is broader in nature and could be used by multiple treatment, storage, and/or disposal units (e.g., the glossary provided in the General Information Portion). Wherever appropriate, the Central Waste Complex permit application documentation makes cross-reference to the General Information Portion, rather than duplicating text. Information provided in this Central Waste Complex permit application documentation is current as of May 1998.

  17. In situ biomonitoring of juvenile Chinook salmon (Onchorhynchus tshawytscha) using biomarkers of chemical exposures and effects in a partially remediated urbanized waterway of the Puget Sound, WA

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Browne, Eva [Department of Environmental and Occupational Health Sciences, University of Washington, 4225 Roosevelt Way Northeast, Suite 100, Seattle, WA 98105-6099 (United States); Kelley, Matthew; Zhou, Guo-Dong; He, Ling Yu; McDonald, Thomas; Wang, Shirley [Department of Environmental and Occupational Health, Texas A and M Health Science Center, College Station, TX 77843-1266 (United States); Duncan, Bruce [US Environmental Protection Agency, Region 10, 1200 Sixth Avenue, Seattle, WA 98101 (United States); Meador, James [Ecotoxicology Division, National Marine Fisheries Service, Seattle, WA 98105 (United States); Donnelly, Kirby [Department of Environmental and Occupational Health, Texas A and M Health Science Center, College Station, TX 77843-1266 (United States); Gallagher, Evan, E-mail: evang3@u.washington.edu [Department of Environmental and Occupational Health Sciences, University of Washington, 4225 Roosevelt Way Northeast, Suite 100, Seattle, WA 98105-6099 (United States)

    2010-10-15

    In situ biomonitoring has been used to assess the effects of pollution on aquatic species in heavily polluted waterways. In the current study, we used in situ biomonitoring in conjunction with molecular biomarker analysis to determine the effects of pollutant exposure in salmon caged in the Duwamish waterway, a Pacific Northwest Superfund site that has been subject to remediation. The Duwamish waterway is an important migratory route for Pacific salmon and has received historic inputs of polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs) and polychlorinated biphenyls (PCBs). Juvenile pre-smolt Chinook salmon (Oncorhynchus tshawytscha) caged for 8 days in the three contaminated sites in close proximity within the Duwamish were analyzed for steady state hepatic mRNA expression of 7 exposure biomarker genes encompassing several gene families and known to be responsive to pollutants, including cytochrome P4501A (CYP1A) and CYP2K1, glutathione S-transferase {pi} class (GST-{pi}), microsomal GST (mGST), glutamylcysteine ligase catalytic subunit (GCLC), UDP-glucuronyltransferase family 1 (UDPGT), and type 2 deiodinase (type 2 DI, or D2). Quantitation of gene expression was accomplished by quantitative reverse transcriptase polymerase chain reaction (qRT-PCR) in assays developed specifically for Chinook salmon genes. Gill PAH-DNA adducts were assessed as a chemical effects biomarker using {sup 32}P-postlabeling. The biomarkers in the field-caged fish were analyzed with respect to caged animals maintained at the hatchery receiving flow-through water. Chemical analysis of sediment samples from three field sampling sites revealed relatively high concentrations of total PAHs in one site (site B2, 6711 ng/g dry weight) and somewhat lower concentrations of PAHs in two adjacent sites (sites B3 and B4, 1482 and 1987 ng/g, respectively). In contrast, waterborne PAHs at all of the sampling sites were relatively low (<1 ng/L). Sediment PCBs at the sites ranged from a low of 421 ng/g at site B3 to 1160 ng/g at site B4, and there were no detectable waterborne PCBs at any of the sites (detection limit=10 ng/L). There were no significant differences (p<0.05) in biomarker gene expression in the Duwamish-caged fish relative to controls, although there was a pattern of gene expression suppression at site B3, the most heavily PAH-enriched site. The lack of a marked perturbation of mRNA biomarkers was consistent with relatively low levels of gill PAH-DNA adduct levels that did not differ among caged reference and field fish, and which were also consistent with relatively low waterborne concentrations of chemicals. The results of our study suggest a low bioavailability of sediment pollutants in caged juvenile Chinook potentially reflecting low waterborne exposures occurring at contaminated sites within the Duwamish waterway that have undergone partial remediation.

  18. Pendidikan dan Emansipasi wanita dalam Pandangan Abbas Mahmud al-’Aqqad (Nadlariyah Abbas Mahmud 'Aqqad fi Tarbiyatil Mar'ati wa Tahririha

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Nur Saidah

    2014-12-01

    Full Text Available The issue of women is still a serious discourse for discussion, both about the identity, position and role, even to the character and intellect. This article discusses the theory of education and emancipation of women in view ofAbbas Mahmud al-‘Aqqad, an Egyptian thinker, poet, philosopher and journalist scholars in the late - 19th and early 20th century. According to Him, women have equal footing with men in education and all social roles. But the natural differences between women and men demanding the division of different roles, so that the relationship of women and men should be a partnership. Conservative viewsof ‘ Aqqad theory based on the Koran, the Hadith and the research on the female characters. This theory is in line with structuralist functionalist theory. Structuralist theory gravitate to sociology, while learning functionalist psychological theory, but they have same conclusion, that the relationship of women and men is the preservation of harmony, not competition. ‘Aqqad’stheory could be a solution to the issue of family crisis and child neglect that often occurs as a result of the division of the marital partnership roles are less than ideal

  19. AFSC/ABL: Chum salmon length and weight monitoring at Fish Creek (Hyder, AK), Chilkat River (Haines, AK), Olsen Creek (Cordova, AK), and Quilcene River (Quilcene, WA)

    Data.gov (United States)

    National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, Department of Commerce — Changes in size and age at maturity of chum salmon (Oncorhynchus keta) were monitored for two locations in North America. Chum salmon spawners returning to Fish...

  20. Pendidikan dan Emansipasi wanita dalam Pandangan Abbas Mahmud al-’Aqqad (Nadlariyah Abbas Mahmud 'Aqqad fi Tarbiyatil Mar'ati wa Tahririha)

    OpenAIRE

    Nur Saidah

    2014-01-01

    The issue of women is still a serious discourse for discussion, both about the identity, position and role, even to the character and intellect. This article discusses the theory of education and emancipation of women in view ofAbbas Mahmud al-‘Aqqad, an Egyptian thinker, poet, philosopher and journalist scholars in the late - 19th and early 20th century. According to Him, women have equal footing with men in education and all social roles. But the natural differences between women and men...

  1. Physical and chemical mutagenesis of early mutant of indica restorers in ''WA'' (wild abortion) hybrid rice system and genetic analysis of mutants in heterosis utilization

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The four indica restorers in the wild abortion hybrid rice system were treated with physical and chemical mutagens, and the mutation frequency in the M2 generation and the correlation between the heading date of the mutants and other characters were investigated

  2. The Professorial Chair (kursī ‘ilmī or kursī li-l-wa‘ẓ wa-l-irshād in Morocco

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Erzini, Nadia

    2013-06-01

    Full Text Available Moroccan congregational mosques are equipped with a minbar (pulpit which is used for the Friday sermon. Many mosques in Morocco are also equipped with one or more smaller chairs, which differ in their form and function from the minbar. These chairs are used by professors to give regular lectures to students of traditional education, and by scholars to give occasional lectures to the general public. This tradition of the professorial chair was probably introduced to Morocco from the Middle East in the thirteenth century. Most of the existing chairs in Morocco seem to date from the nineteenth and twentieth centuries, and they continue to be made and used today. The chairs always have two steps, a seat, a backrest and armrests. This form probably evokes the original minbar of the Prophet in Medina, which had two steps and a seat, and this is one of many aspects of the conservatism and se parate evolution of Moroccan Malikism.Las mezquitas congregacionales en Marruecos suelen tener un almimbar (p?lpito que se utiliza durante el sermón de los viernes. Muchas mezquitas de Marruecos cuentan también con una o más sillas, diferenciadas del almimbar en su forma y su función ya que son utilizadas por los profesores para ensenar a los estudiantes de la educación tradicional, y por eruditos que dan conferencias ocasionales al p?blico en general. Esta tradición de cátedras se introduce probablemente en Marruecos desde Próximo Oriente en el siglo XIII. La mayoría de las cátedras existentes parecen datar de los siglos XIX y XX, manteniéndose hasta nuestros días la fabricación y utilización de estas sillas. Las cátedras siempre tienen dos peldanos, un asiento, un respaldo y apoyabrazos. La forma de las sillas parece evocar el almimbar original del Profeta en Medina, tradición que se muestra como uno de los muchos aspectos del conservadurismo y de la evolución distinta del Malikismo marroquí.

  3. MULTIDISCIPLINARY APPROACH TO STUDY MIGMATITES: ORIGIN AND TECTONIC HISTORY OF THE NASON RIDGE MIGMATITIC GNEISS, WENATCHEE BLOCK, CASCADES CRYSTALLINE CORE, WA, USA

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Stowell Harold H.

    2008-12-01

    Full Text Available The Nason Ridge Migmatitic Gneiss of the Cascades Core is a migmatitic unit comprising concordant pelitic schist and gneiss, amphibolite, and tonalite gneiss, and cross cutting tonalite, quartz-rich granitoid, and pegmatite. There are several generations of 'igneous' lithologies (leucosomes = tonalite, quartz-rich granitoid, and pegmatite some of which are concordant; others clearly crosscut the strongly deformed host rocks. The host rocks are interpreted to be Chiwaukum Schist with metasedimentary (pelitic schist and some gneiss and metavolcanic(amphibolites origins. Metamorphic fabric in the Nason Ridge Migmatitic Gneiss is characterized by preferred orientation of platy minerals (continuous schistosity, compositional layering, mineral lineations (elongate grains and grain aggregates, and non-coaxial deformational features (asymmetric augen, grain offsets,rotated porphyroblasts, etc.. Compositional layering is characterized by quartz-plagioclase lenses and patches (mm to cm scale and by large variations in biotite content. This composite fabric is faulted and folded by mesoscopic structures. The most strongly foliated leucosomes (gneissic tonalites are generally concordant with the regional trend of foliation, while weakly foliated leucosomes (tonalites and pegmatite veins crosscut host rock and tonalite gneisses. Thin melanosome layers (biotiteand amphibole schist are developed locally around quartz - plagioclase lenses and patches. Metamorphism in the Nason Ridge Migmatitic Gneiss and the nearby Chiwaukum Schist likely peaked after intrusion of the Mt. Stuart Batholith ca. 91-94 Ma. Peak temperatures and pressures for the Nason Ridge Migmatitic Gneiss in the Wenatchee Ridge and Pacific Crest areas were 650 - 720 °C and 6 - 9 kbar with a pressure increase of £ 2.0 kbar during metamorphism. Thermodynamic modeling indicates that hydrous partial melting would begin at ca. 660 °C and is relatively pressure independent. Field and petrographic observations, mineral chemistry and thermobarometry, and bulk rock chemistry and thermodynamic modeling of phase equilibria (pseudosections applied to the Nason Ridge 235Migmatitic Gneiss indicate that at least some of the leucosome bodies were derived by local partial melting. The clearly intrusive character and the sharp contacts between some tonalite leucosome bodies and host rock support an externally derived origin for these tonalite melts. However, some of these bodies may have originated from partial melting of the host Chiwaukum Schist and traveled a short distance before crystallization, or have been modified by deformation so as to obscure textural evidence for local derivation. Results are compatible with derivation of leucosome rocks in the Nason Ridge Migmatitic Gneiss from two non-exclusive processes: partial melting of the host rock and intrusion of externally derived tonalite melts.

  4. Cool stars, stellar systems, and the sun; Proceedings of the 6th Cambridge Workshop, Seattle, WA, Sept. 18-21, 1989

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wallerstein, George (Editor)

    1990-01-01

    The present conference on cool stars, stellar systems, and the sun encompasses stellar chromospheres and coronae, binary stars, the stellar evolution of contracting stars and red giants, stellar evolution abundances of the elements, mass loss and envelopes, and stellar pulsation. Specific issues addressed include theories regarding the acoustic and magnetic heating of stellar chromospheres and coronae, stellar granulation, wave heating in magnetic flux tubes, observations of the solar Ca-II lines, longitudinal-transverse magnetic tube waves in the solar atmosphere, radio emission from rapidly rotating cool giant stars, and spot temperatures and area coverages on active dwarf stars. Also addressed are the optical and UV spectra of RS-CVn stars, emission lines from T-Tauri stars, the spectroscopy of HR1614 group stars, red giants in external galaxies, the rotation of evolved stars, the transition from red giant to planetary nebula, and radiative transfer in the dynamic atmospheres of variable stars.

  5. Annual Conference on Nuclear and Space Radiation Effects, 18th, University of Washington, Seattle, WA, July 21-24, 1981, Proceedings

    Science.gov (United States)

    Tasca, D. M.

    1981-01-01

    Single event upset phenomena are discussed, taking into account cosmic ray induced errors in IIL microprocessors and logic devices, single event upsets in NMOS microprocessors, a prediction model for bipolar RAMs in a high energy ion/proton environment, the search for neutron-induced hard errors in VLSI structures, soft errors due to protons in the radiation belt, and the use of an ion microbeam to study single event upsets in microcircuits. Basic mechanisms in materials and devices are examined, giving attention to gamma induced noise in CCD's, the annealing of MOS capacitors, an analysis of photobleaching techniques for the radiation hardening of fiber optic data links, a hardened field insulator, the simulation of radiation damage in solids, and the manufacturing of radiation resistant optical fibers. Energy deposition and dosimetry is considered along with SGEMP/IEMP, radiation effects in devices, space radiation effects and spacecraft charging, EMP/SREMP, and aspects of fabrication, testing, and hardness assurance.

  6. Hypoxia and Hydrogen Sulfide (H2S) in Padilla Bay, WA from 2014-07-09 to 2014-09-30 (NCEI Accession 0156596)

    Data.gov (United States)

    National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, Department of Commerce — Hypoxia has the potential to be a stressor to eelgrass as it can lead to tissue anoxia at night. These tissues then must undergo anaerobic metabolism, which is less...

  7. Hyperspectral surface materials map of quadrangle 3466, La`l wa Sar Jangal (507) and Bamyan (508) quadrangles, Afghanistan, showing carbonates, phyllosilicates, sulfates, altered minerals, and other materials

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kokaly, Raymond F.; King, Trude V.V.; Hoefen, Todd M.; Livo, Keith E.; Giles, Stuart A.; Johnson, Michaela R.

    2013-01-01

    This map shows the spatial distribution of selected carbonates, phyllosilicates, sulfates, altered minerals, and other materials derived from analysis of airborne HyMap™ imaging spectrometer (hyperspectral) data of Afghanistan collected in late 2007. The map is one in a series of U.S. Geological Survey/Afghanistan Geological Survey quadrangle maps covering Afghanistan. Flown at an altitude of 50,000 feet (15,240 meters (m)), the HyMap™ imaging spectrometer measured reflected sunlight in 128 channels, covering wavelengths between 0.4 and 2.5 μm. The data were georeferenced, atmospherically corrected and converted to apparent surface reflectance, empirically adjusted using ground-based reflectance measurements, and combined into a mosaic with 23-m pixel spacing. Variations in water vapor and dust content of the atmosphere, in solar angle, and in surface elevation complicated correction; therefore, some classification differences may be present between adjacent flight lines. The reflectance spectrum of each pixel of HyMap™ imaging spectrometer data was compared to the reference materials in a spectral library of minerals, vegetation, water, and other materials. Minerals occurring abundantly at the surface and those having unique spectral features were easily detected and discriminated, while minerals having slightly different compositions but similar spectral features were less easily discriminated; thus, some map classes consist of several minerals having similar spectra, such as “Epidote or chlorite.” A designation of “Not classified” was assigned to the pixel when there was no match with reference spectra.

  8. Hyperspectral surface materials map of quadrangle 3466, La`l wa Sar Jangal (507) and Bamyan (508) quadrangles, Afghanistan, showing iron-bearing minerals and other materials

    Science.gov (United States)

    King, Trude V.V.; Hoefen, Todd M.; Kokaly, Raymond F.; Livo, Keith E.; Giles, Stuart A.; Johnson, Michaela R.

    2013-01-01

    This map shows the spatial distribution of selected iron-bearing minerals and other materials derived from analysis of airborne HyMap™ imaging spectrometer (hyperspectral) data of Afghanistan collected in late 2007. This map is one in a series of U.S. Geological Survey/Afghanistan Geological Survey quadrangle maps covering Afghanistan. Flown at an altitude of 50,000 feet (15,240 meters (m)), the HyMap™ imaging spectrometer measured reflected sunlight in 128 channels, covering wavelengths between 0.4 and 2.5 μm. The data were georeferenced, atmospherically corrected and converted to apparent surface reflectance, empirically adjusted using ground-based reflectance measurements, and combined into a mosaic with 23-m pixel spacing. Variations in water vapor and dust content of the atmosphere, in solar angle, and in surface elevation complicated correction; therefore, some classification differences may be present between adjacent flight lines. The reflectance spectrum of each pixel of HyMap™ imaging spectrometer data was compared to the reference materials in a spectral library of minerals, vegetation, water, and other materials. Minerals occurring abundantly at the surface and those having unique spectral features were easily detected and discriminated, while minerals having slightly different compositions but similar spectral features were less easily discriminated; thus, some map classes consist of several minerals having similar spectra, such as “Goethite and jarosite.” A designation of “Not classified” was assigned to the pixel when there was no match with reference spectra.

  9. Annual Report: 2011-2012 Storm Season Sampling, Non-Dry Dock Stormwater Monitoring for Puget Sound Naval Shipyard, Bremerton, WA

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Brandenberger, Jill M.; Metallo, David; Rupert, Brian; Johnston, Robert K.; Gebhart, Christine

    2013-07-03

    Annual PSNS non-dry dock storm water monitoring results for 2011-2012 storm season. Included are a brief description of the sampling procedures, storm event information, laboratory methods and data collection, a results and discussion section, and the conclusions and recommendations.

  10. Hanford facility dangerous waste Part A, Form 3, and Part B permit application documentation for the Central Waste Complex (WA7890008967) (TSD: TS-2-4)

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The Hanford Facility Dangerous Waste Permit Application is considered to be a single application organized into a General Information Portion (document number DOE/RL-91-28) and a Unit-Specific Portion. The scope of the Unit-Specific Portion is limited to Part B permit application documentation submitted for individual, operating, treatment, storage, and/or disposal units, such as the Central Waste Complex (this document, DOE/RL-91-17). Both the General Information and Unit-Specific portions of the Hanford Facility Dangerous Waste Permit Application address the content of the Part B permit application guidance prepared by the Washington State Department of Ecology (Ecology 1996) and the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (40 Code of Federal Regulations 270), with additional information needed by the Hazardous and Solid Waste Amendments and revisions of Washington Administrative Code 173-303. For ease of reference, the Washington State Department of Ecology alpha-numeric section identifiers from the permit application guidance documentation (Ecology 1996) follow, in brackets, the chapter headings and subheadings. A checklist indicating where information is contained in the Central Waste Complex permit application documentation, in relation to the Washington State Department of Ecology guidance, is located in the Contents section. Documentation contained in the General Information Portion is broader in nature and could be used by multiple treatment, storage, and/or disposal units (e.g., the glossary provided in the General Information Portion). Wherever appropriate, the Central Waste Complex permit application documentation makes cross-reference to the General Information Portion, rather than duplicating text. Information provided in this Central Waste Complex permit application documentation is current as of May 1998

  11. NOAA Office for Coastal Management Coastal Inundation Digital Elevation Model: Seattle (WA) WFO - Whatcom, San Juan, Skagit, Island, Snohomish, and King Counties

    Data.gov (United States)

    National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, Department of Commerce — This digital elevation model (DEM) is a part of a series of DEMs produced for the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration Office for Coastal Management's...

  12. Al-Ma‘had al-Turāthī wa Taqwim al-Jamā‘ah: Tajribah Ma‘had Hidayatullah

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sirojudin Abbas

    2014-03-01

    Full Text Available This article discusses some of the characteristic peculiarities of the pesantren as in Pesantren Hidayatullah, Balikpapan, East Kalimantan, which does not make Arabic reviewing activities as part of the daily staple of his students.During the last three decades, pesantren in Indonesia have shown  a variety of institutional developments. The identification of pesantren as Islamic learning institutions-especially in term of their specific role in preserving intellectual tradition and reproducing 'ilama' may no longer be sufficient to explaint that development. Such a trend can be seen in the establishment of a significant number of Islamic learning institution in the country with different visions and characteristics of learning. One of the leading institutions representing this new form of pesantren is Pesantren Hidayatullah, Balikpapan, East Kalimantan.Copyright (c 2014 by SDI. All right reserved.DOI: 10.15408/sdi.v5i2.756

  13. A Living past as the Nation's Personality : jinnō shōtōki, Early Shōwa Nationalism, and Das Dritte Reich

    OpenAIRE

    WACHUTKA, Michael

    2012-01-01

    In the 1930s, contemporary relevance was attributed to Kitabatake Chikafusa's Jinnō Shōtōki (1339) as a "standard work of national education" and an expression of "folk-national weltanschauung" for encapsulating the concept of kokutai, Japan's national essence. It was praised too for claiming that Japan is a shinkoku or "divine country" wherein the sun goddess bequeaths her line of rule to all eternity ; a concept of perpetual divine presence that has been described as the epitome of Shinto ...

  14. Aoyama Gakuin University team winning the second prize in junior class in a solar car race; Aogaku team wa junior nii (solar car race ni sankashite)

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Hayashi, Y. [Aoyama Gakuin University, Tokyo (Japan)

    1994-09-20

    This paper introduces how the Aoyama Gakuin University team competed in the World Solar Car Rally race held at Ogata Village in Akita Prefecture, Japan, in the summer of 1994. The race was formed with solar cars mounting a solar panel with the maximum area of 8 m{sup 2} and batteries with a total output of 3 kWh to compete how many rounds the cars can run around a course of 31 km during three days (25 hours in total). The solar car used by the University team had consumed power of about 600 W at a speed of 40 km/h, with the solar panel generating power of 800 Wp. The first day morning was sunny making possible to set the average speed to 45 km/h (power generation of 500 W or more), but the weather worsened in the afternoon compelling the car to change the speed to 30 km/h (power generation of 200 W). The power generated on the second day, which was cloudy all day, stayed at 250 W at the maximum, hence the speed was kept at 30 km/h to suppress the power consumption. On the sunny third day, the team drove the car worrying about the remaining battery capacity, and succeeded the drive of 23 rounds in total, winning the second prize among 30 cars participated in the junior class race.

  15. REE behavior and effect factors in AMD-type acidic groundwater at sulfide tailings pond, BS nickel mine, W.A.

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    LEI Liang-qi; SONG Ci-an; XIE Xiang-li; LI Yan-hong

    2008-01-01

    AMD(Acid Mine Drainage)-type acidic groundwater (pH<4) from oxidizing sulfide tailings in BS nickel mine (Western Australia) is of higher total rare earth element(REE) contents and Ce enrichment (PAAS normalization), different from setting groundwater (pH>6.5, with lower total REE contents, Ce depletion). While the AMD contaminated groundwater (pH=4.0-6.5) around tailings pond is characterized by transition from acidic to setting groundwater in total REE content, and associated with Ce depletion (like setting groundwater). The light REE in all type groundwater shows up depletion, but its depleted extent in acidic groundwater is more remarkable. This work indicates that REE behavior in AMD-type acidic groundwater is controlled mainly by pH value and metal (Al, Mn and Fe) contents. And the critical pH value that affects REE behavior in ground acidic water would be 4, lower than the previous value (pH=5) that has been believed prevalently in surface acidic waters. The pH could affect REE behavior in groundwater by controlling the solubility of metal (Al, Mn and Fe) hydroxides and the valence of cerium. Finally, light REE depletion in acidic groundwater may due to element affinity. High content Al (affinity with heavy REE) and low content Fe (affinity with light REE) may lead to heavy REE enrichment while light REE relative depletion in water.

  16. WA_shorelines_uncertainty.dbf - uncertainty table for lidar-derived shorelines used when calculating rates in the Digital Shoreline Analysis System software for Washington

    Data.gov (United States)

    U.S. Geological Survey, Department of the Interior — Sandy ocean beaches are a popular recreational destination, often surrounded by communities containing valuable real estate. Development is on the rise despite the...

  17. NOAA Office for Coastal Management Coastal Inundation Digital Elevation Model: Seattle (WA) WFO - Clallam, Jefferson, Kitsap, Mason, Pierce, and Thurston Counties

    Data.gov (United States)

    National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, Department of Commerce — This digital elevation model (DEM) is a part of a series of DEMs produced for the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration Office for Coastal Management's...

  18. Qualitative Assessment: Evaluating the Impacts of Climate Change on Endangered Species Act Recovery Actions for the South Fork Nooksack River, WA

    Science.gov (United States)

    The South Fork Nooksack River (South Fork) is located in northwest Washington State and is home to nine species of Pacific salmon, including Nooksack early Chinook (aka, spring Chinook salmon), an iconic species for the Nooksack Indian Tribe. The quantity of salmon in the South F...

  19. The Need for Accounting Information System to Facilitate Partnership Contracts in Islamic Microfinance Institutions: The Case of Baitul Maal wa Tamwil (BMT) in Indonesia

    OpenAIRE

    Rifqi Muhammad; Hadri Kusuma

    2014-01-01

    The development of Small and Medium Enterprises (SMEs) in Indonesia showed a tendency has increased along with improvement of the national economy. Indonesia together with India and China are the three countries in the world who have the highest economic growth within the last 3 years. However, SMEs are still confronted with basic problems such as the limited access to the sources of financing from formal financial institutions, particularly from the banks. This problem causes them to rely on...

  20. Campaign for popularization of the hand-made small size windmills; Tezukuri kogata fusha no fukyu keimo (kaze wa hatashite energy ka)

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Matsumoto, F. [Yamaha Corp., Shizuoka (Japan)

    1997-05-31

    Ready-made small windmills and hand-made ones now gaining popularity are introduced. Approximately 202 applications of small windmills are known in Japan, those for household purposes involving pumping, lighting, and armature radio, and those in the public sector involving emergency power supply, battery charging, light beacons, power for isolated relay stations and mountain villas, aeration, sewage purification, heating, and monument illumination. Rotor configurations include the propeller/up, Savonius, straight Darrieus, and sail wings. The author introduces two of his own windmills, one a combination of sail wings and straight Darrieus rotors and the other a propeller type 1650mm-diameter three-blade windmill. The former has a sail-wing rotor whose starting torque is large enough to drive a Darrieus rotor, which cannot self-start when under load even in the presence of wind, until its circumstantial speed reaches a value approximately three times higher than the wind speed. The latter has two generators of which the self-excited type is usually connected while an exciting current is supplied to the separately-excited type when the wind is strong. 4 refs., 9 figs., 4 tabs.