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Sample records for j-3 spokane wa

  1. 76 FR 27668 - ASC Machine Tools, Inc., Spokane Valley, WA; Notice of Negative Determination on Reconsideration

    2011-05-12

    ... Employment and Training Administration ASC Machine Tools, Inc., Spokane Valley, WA; Notice of Negative... Regarding Application for Reconsideration for the workers and former workers of ASC Machine Tools, Inc... adjustment assistance for workers and former workers of ASC Machine Tools, Inc., Spokane Valley,...

  2. 75 FR 65516 - ASC Machine Tools, Inc., Spokane Valley, WA; Notice of Affirmative Determination Regarding...

    2010-10-25

    ... Employment and Training Administration ASC Machine Tools, Inc., Spokane Valley, WA; Notice of Affirmative... apply for Trade Adjustment Assistance (TAA) applicable to workers and former workers of ASC Machine Tools, Inc., Spokane Valley, Washington (the subject firm). The Notice of negative determination...

  3. Piper J-3 Cub

    1939-01-01

    Piper J-3 Cub: This Piper J-3 Cub was used to test a fixed-pitch propeller at the NACA's Langley Memorial Aeronautical Laboratory. These tests took place in late September and early October 1939. The NACA installed test instrumentation including the sensors mounted on the boom above the cockpit. Mounted in this manner, the sensors were free of the accelerated airflow around the Cub.

  4. WA18

    1977-01-01

    Front view. The target plates are cut from marble (3x3 m slabs surrounded by magnetized iron) and allow the use of the calorimeter as a muon polarimeter. WA18 was CHARM, the experiment of the CERN-Hamburg-Amsterdam-Rome(INFN)-Moskow(ITEP) Collaboration

  5. Spokane Tribal Hatchery, 2004 Annual Report.

    Peone, Tim L. (Spokane Tribe of Indians, Wellpinit, WA)

    2005-03-01

    Due to the construction and operation of Grand Coulee Dam (1939), anadromous salmon have been eradicated and resident fish populations permanently altered in the upper Columbia River region. Federal and private hydropower dam operations throughout the Columbia River system severely limits indigenous fish populations in the upper Columbia. Artificial production has been determined appropriate for supporting a harvestable fishery for kokanee salmon (Oncorhynchus nerka) and rainbow trout (Oncorhynchus mykiss) in Lake Roosevelt and Banks Lake (Grand Coulee Dam impoundments). A collaborative multi-agency artificial production program for the Lake Roosevelt and Banks Lake fisheries exists consisting of the Spokane Tribal Hatchery, Sherman Creek Hatchery, Ford Trout Hatchery and the Lake Roosevelt Kokanee and Rainbow Trout Net Pen Rearing Projects. These projects operate complementary of one another to target an annual release of 1 million yearling kokanee and 500,000 yearling rainbow trout for Lake Roosevelt and 1.4 million kokanee fry/fingerlings for Banks Lake. Fish produced by this project in 2004 to meet collective fish production and release goals included: 1,655,722 kokanee fingerlings, 537,783 rainbow trout fingerlings and 507,660 kokanee yearlings. Kokanee yearlings were adipose fin clipped before release. Stock composition consisted of Lake Whatcom kokanee, 50:50 diploid-triploid Spokane Trout Hatchery (McCloud River) rainbow trout and Phalon Lake red-band rainbow trout. All kokanee were marked with either thermal, oxytetracyline or fin clips prior to release. Preliminary 2004 Lake Roosevelt fisheries investigations indicate hatchery/net pen stocking significantly contributed to harvestable rainbow trout and kokanee salmon fisheries. An increase in kokanee harvest was primarily owing to new release strategies. Walleye predation, early maturity and entrainment through Grand Coulee Dam continues to have a negative impact on adult kokanee returns and limits the

  6. Piper J-3L50 Cub

    1942-01-01

    Piper J-3L50 Cub: The Piper J-3 Cub was evaluated at Langley by the NACA in late 1939 to early 1940. The J-3 was used by many World War II pilots as the airplane in which they were first introduced to flight. Note that the extended NACA use of the Cub led to its markings in NACA colors of yellow and blue, with the Committee's shield on the rudder.

  7. 75 FR 58429 - Notice of Inventory Completion: Northwest Museum of Arts & Culture, Spokane, WA

    2010-09-24

    ... present. Extensive historic documentation--original maps, journal entries, field notes, newspaper articles, professional journal publications, and Archaeology of the Upper Columbia Region, published by Donald Collier... geographic location of the sites, the anthropological analyses of the human remains, such as dental...

  8. 77 FR 25742 - Notice of Inventory Completion: Northwest Museum of Arts & Culture, Spokane, WA; Correction

    2012-05-01

    ... forms, 1 scraper, 2 pestles, 1 blade fragment, 1 piece of wood, 3 projectile points, and 1 knife. In the... are 2 arrow shaft smoothers, 1 bone harpoon, 1 bone awl, 4 knives, 6 projectile points, 1 string of..., 2 antler digging sticks, 270 glass beads, 1 shell bead, 14 sets of wooden burial marker sacks,...

  9. At WA18

    1978-01-01

    By July 1978 the CERN-Hamburg-Amsterdam-Rome-Moskow Collaboration (CHARM) has set up the experiment WA18, behind WA1 (on the right), in the neutrino wide-band (WBB) and narrow-band (NBB) beams, at the West Area Neutrino Facility (WANF)and started data taking data.

  10. Public-Private Honors Success at Community Colleges of Spokane

    Avery, Lisa

    2014-01-01

    In this article, the author explores the steep budget cuts in recent years, and how this has affected the number of honors students that can be served at community colleges in the United States. This was true in Spokane, Washington, where, prior to working with "American Honors," community colleges had struggled for many years to provide…

  11. Top view of WA3

    1977-01-01

    The WA3 experiment by the Amsterdam-CERN-Cracow-Munich-Oxford-Rutherford (ACCMORE)Collaboration aimed to study exclusive pion and kaon interactions with protons. WA7 is seen on the backgound (top). The hut on the right is WA3, the hut on the left is WA2.

  12. Compilation of geologic, hydrologic, and ground-water flow modeling information for the Spokane Valley-Rathdrum Prairie aquifer, Spokane County, Washington, and Bonner and Kootenai Counties, Idaho

    Kahle, Sue C.; Caldwell, Rodney R.; Bartolino, James R.

    2005-01-01

    The U.S. Geological Survey, in cooperation with the Idaho Department of Water Resources and Washington Department of Ecology compiled and described geologic, hydrologic, and ground-water flow modeling information about the Spokane Valley-Rathdrum Prairie (SVRP) aquifer in northern Idaho and northeastern Washington. Descriptions of the hydrogeologic framework, water-budget components, ground- and surface-water interactions, computer flow models, and further data needs are provided. The SVRP aquifer, which covers about 370 square miles including the Rathdrum Prairie, Idaho and the Spokane valley and Hillyard Trough, Washington, was designated a Sole Source Aquifer by the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency in 1978. Continued growth, water management issues, and potential effects on water availability and water quality in the aquifer and in the Spokane and Little Spokane Rivers have illustrated the need to better understand and manage the region's water resources. The SVRP aquifer is composed of sand, gravel, cobbles, and boulders primarily deposited by a series of catastrophic glacial outburst floods from ancient Glacial Lake Missoula. The material deposited in this high-energy environment is coarser-grained than is typical for most basin-fill deposits, resulting in an unusually productive aquifer with well yields as high as 40,000 gallons per minute. In most places, the aquifer is bounded laterally by bedrock composed of granite, metasedimentary rocks, or basalt. The lower boundary of the aquifer is largely unknown except along the margins or in shallower parts of the aquifer where wells have penetrated its entire thickness and reached bedrock or silt and clay deposits. Based on surface geophysics, the thickness of the aquifer is about 500 ft near the Washington-Idaho state line, but more than 600 feet within the Rathdrum Prairie and more than 700 feet in the Hillyard trough based on drilling records. Depth to water in the aquifer is greatest in the northern

  13. At WA11

    1977-01-01

    Starting with february 1977 the WA5 spectrometer of the Indiana-Saclay Collaboration originally designed to study hadron backward scattering on protons, and later modified by the Indiana-Imperial College (London)-Saclay-Southampton Collaboration, was used (experiment WA11) to search for high mass states produced with the J/psi. On the left, Tom Marshall moves in a beam hodoscope. On the right, at the entrance of the Goliath magnet, one sees the 1 m long hydrogen target. (Later the set-up was reshuffled, and the hydrogen target was replaced by a set of Be targets located upstream of the magnet.)

  14. At WA3

    1977-01-01

    Installation of one half of the photon calorimeter as a part of the multiparticle spectrometer of the ACCMOR Collaboration (WA3). The calorimeter was 28 radiation lengths deep and consisted of two identical blocks of 40 scintillator planes with 2 cm wide elements, interleaved with layers of lead 4 mm thick. Robert Klanner stands on the right (see photo 7710073).

  15. Preparing for WA34

    1977-01-01

    Following a proposal by a CERN-Florence-Genova Collaboration to study charmed particles photoproduced in emulsion plates tagged by the Omega apparatus triggers, WA34 was a test exposure to demonstrate the validity of the experimental method. Here (centre) Giordano Diambrini-Palazzi inside the Omega magnet. the validity of the experimental method.

  16. At WA7

    1977-01-01

    The CERN-Genoa-Annecy(LAPP)- Niels Bohr Institute, Copenhagen-Oslo-University College,London Collaboration set-up the experiment WA7 to study two-body reactions at large transverse momentum. Here, Michel Yvert, Alberto Santronico, Per Carlson

  17. Surface-water/ground-water interaction of the Spokane River and the Spokane Valley/Rathdrum Prairie aquifer, Idaho and Washington

    Caldwell, Rodney R.; Bowers, Craig L.

    2003-01-01

    Historical mining in the Coeur d’Alene River Basin of northern Idaho has resulted in elevated concentrations of some trace metals (particularly cadmium, lead, and zinc) in water and sediment of Coeur d’Alene Lake and downstream in the Spokane River in Idaho and Washington. These elevated trace-metal concentrations in the Spokane River have raised concerns about potential contamination of ground water in the underlying Spokane Valley/Rathdrum Prairie aquifer, the primary source of drinking water for the city of Spokane and surrounding areas. A study conducted as part of the U.S. Geological Survey’s National Water-Quality Assessment Program examined the interaction of the river and aquifer using hydrologic and chemical data along a losing reach of the Spokane River. The river and ground water were extensively monitored over a range of hydrologic conditions at a streamflow-gaging station and 25 monitoring wells situated from 40 to 3,500 feet from the river. River stage, ground-water levels, water temperature, and specific conductance were measured hourly to biweekly. Water samples were collected on nearly a monthly basis between 1999 and 2001 from the Spokane River and were collected up to nine times between June 2000 and August 2001 from the monitoring wells.

  18. 77 FR 25736 - Notice of Intent To Repatriate Cultural Items: Northwest Museum of Arts & Culture, Spokane, WA...

    2012-05-01

    ... bone awl pendant, 27 dentalia beads, 4 copper pendants, 1 copper bracelet, 1 projectile point, 1 bone... funerary objects are 7 wooden burial markers, 1 dentalia fragment, 27 glass beads, 9 perforated bear claws..., 1 jadeite chip, 1 jadeite celt, 46 bone implements, 3 stone pipes, 4 projectile points, 9...

  19. 78 FR 2428 - Notice of Intent To Repatriate Cultural Items: Northwest Museum of Arts & Culture, Spokane, WA

    2013-01-11

    ... projectile point. During the period July 1939 to September 1940, funerary objects were systematically removed... are two copper ornaments and a blue glass bead. The unassociated funerary objects described above...

  20. 75 FR 58424 - Notice of Intent to Repatriate Cultural Items: Northwest Museum of Arts & Culture, Spokane, WA

    2010-09-24

    ... National Park Service Notice of Intent to Repatriate Cultural Items: Northwest Museum of Arts & Culture... to repatriate cultural items in the possession of the Northwest Museum of Arts & Culture, aka Eastern... Project.'' It was a multi-institutional venture involving the Eastern Washington State Historical...

  1. Preliminary characterization of nitrogen and phosphorus in groundwater discharging to Lake Spokane, northeastern Washington, using stable nitrogen isotopes

    Gendaszek, Andrew S.; Cox, Stephen E.; Spanjer, Andrew R.

    2016-02-29

    Lake Spokane, locally referred to as Long Lake, is a 24-mile-long section of the Spokane River impounded by Long Lake Dam that has, in recent decades, experienced water-quality problems associated with eutrophication. Consumption of oxygen by the decomposition of aquatic plants that have proliferated because of high nutrient concentrations has led to seasonally low dissolved oxygen concentrations in the lake. Of nitrogen and phosphorus, the two primary nutrients necessary for aquatic vegetation growth, phosphorus was previously identified as the limiting nutrient that regulates the growth of aquatic plants and, thus, dissolved oxygen concentrations in Lake Spokane. Phosphorus is delivered to Lake Spokane from municipal and industrial point-source inputs to the Spokane River upstream of Lake Spokane, but is also conveyed by groundwater and surface water from nonpoint-sources including septic tanks, agricultural fields, and wildlife. In response, the Washington State Department of Ecology listed Lake Spokane on the 303(d) list of impaired water bodies for low dissolved oxygen concentrations and developed a Total Maximum Daily Load for phosphorus in 1992, which was revised in 2010 because of continuing algal blooms and water-quality concerns.This report evaluates the concentrations of phosphorus and nitrogen in shallow groundwater discharging to Lake Spokane to determine if a difference exists between nutrient concentrations in groundwater discharging to the lake downgradient of residential development with on-site septic systems and downgradient of undeveloped land without on-site septic systems. Elevated nitrogen isotope values (δ15N) within the roots of aquatic vegetation were used as an indicator of septic-system derived nitrogen. δ15N values were measured in August and September 2014 downgradient of residential development near the lakeshore, of residential development on 300-ft-high terraces above the lake, and of undeveloped land in the eastern (upper) and

  2. Metropolitan Spokane Region Water Resources Study. Appendix E. Environment and Recreation

    1976-01-01

    watershed. At present, few are found along the main stem of the Spokane River. Racoon. These agressive creatures are abundant throughout the entire area...demands may be in error because they are too site and facility specific without recognizing the social implications of leisure activi- ties. These

  3. Hydrogeologic Framework and Ground-Water Budget of the Spokane Valley-Rathdrum Prairie Aquifer, Spokane County, Washington, and Bonner and Kootenai Counties, Idaho

    Kahle, Sue C.; Bartolino, James R.

    2007-01-01

    The U.S. Geological Survey, in cooperation with the Idaho Department of Water Resources and Washington State Department of Ecology, investigated the hydrogeologic framework and ground-water budget of the Spokane Valley-Rathdrum Prairie (SVRP) aquifer located in northern Idaho and northeastern Washington. Descriptions of the hydrogeologic framework, water-budget components, and further data needs are provided. The SVRP aquifer, which covers about 370 square miles including the Rathdrum Prairie, Idaho, and the Spokane Valley and Hillyard Trough, Washington, is the sole source of drinking water for more than 500,000 residents. Continued growth, water-management issues, and potential effects on water availability and water quality in the aquifer and in the Spokane and Little Spokane Rivers have illustrated the need to better understand and manage the region's water resources. The SVRP aquifer consists mostly of gravels, cobbles, and boulders - deposited during a series of outburst floods resulting from repeated collapse of the ice dam that impounded ancient Glacial Lake Missoula. In most places, the SVRP aquifer is bounded by bedrock of pre-Tertiary granite or metasedimentary rocks, or Miocene basalt and associated sedimentary deposits. Discontinuous fine-grained layers are scattered throughout the SVRP aquifer at considerably different altitudes and with considerably different thicknesses. In the Hillyard Trough and the Little Spokane River Arm of the aquifer, a massive fine-grained layer with a top altitude ranging from about 1,500 to 1,700 feet and thickness ranging from about 100 to 200 feet separates the aquifer into upper and lower units. Most of the Spokane Valley part of the aquifer is devoid of fine-grained layers except near the margins of the valley and near the mouths of lakes. In the Rathdrum Prairie, multiple fine-grained layers are scattered throughout the aquifer with top altitudes ranging from about 1,700 to 2,400 feet with thicknesses ranging from 1

  4. Counter support for WA35

    1977-01-01

    This assembly was equipped with 78 counters, each consisting of a lucite cone, to produce Cerenkov light, and a CsI scintillator plate of 3 mm thickness glued on the face of the cone. The experiment WA35 was set-up in the s1 beam (West Hall) by the Darmstadt-Heidelberg-Virginia-Warsaw Collaboration to measure angular distributions and multiplicities of pions and recoil protons produced by hadrons interacting in nuclei. (See Annual Report 1976 p. 39)

  5. EPCGen2 Pseudorandom Number Generators: Analysis of J3Gen

    Alberto Peinado

    2014-04-01

    Full Text Available This paper analyzes the cryptographic security of J3Gen, a promising pseudo random number generator for low-cost passive Radio Frequency Identification (RFID tags. Although J3Gen has been shown to fulfill the randomness criteria set by the EPCglobal Gen2 standard and is intended for security applications, we describe here two cryptanalytic attacks that question its security claims: (i a probabilistic attack based on solving linear equation systems; and (ii a deterministic attack based on the decimation of the output sequence. Numerical results, supported by simulations, show that for the specific recommended values of the configurable parameters, a low number of intercepted output bits are enough to break J3Gen. We then make some recommendations that address these issues.

  6. Hsaing Waing: Classical Ensemble of Myanmar

    Chalermkit Kengkeaw

    2013-09-01

    Full Text Available Hsaing Waing is a classical music ensemble and a prominent culturalidentity of Myanmar. The Hsaing Waing ensemble consists of many instruments such as the Pat Waing, Muang Hsaing, Hne, Chauk Lon Bat, Byaung, Wa, Wallet Kok, Yakin, Si, and Mong. The earliest historical record of the Hsaing Waing is in 1544 where the Pat Waing and possibly the Hsaing Waing, was in royal service at the court of King Tabinshwehti of the Taungoo dynasty and prospered under the Kaunbaun dynasty up to colonial rule. During colonization, Hsaing Waing’s popularity declined but other innovations were introduced such as modern recording mediums and broadcasts which transferred the popularity of Hsaing Waing to a broader public audience and brought innovation to religious music, ceremonial rituals, fusion of westernmusical instruments such as the piano, violin and mandolin. The wealth of knowledge and numbers of connoisseur during the Kaunbaun dynasty led to the transfer of knowledge to many apprentices which were responsible for the development and adaptation and continuation of Hsaing Waing during colonization, socialism and independence. The transfer of knowledge was carried out by previous generations through apprentices, family members, close relatives and inspired individuals. The factors for the successful inheritance of Hsaing Waing are management, education, musicians and opportunity.

  7. Mazungumzo na Adam Shafi juu ya uandishi wake wa riwaya

    Diegner, Lutz; Shafi, Adam

    2012-01-01

    Adam Shafi aliyezaliwa mwaka 1940 kisiwani Unguja ni mmojawapo wa waandishi mashuhuri wa riwaya ya Kiswahili. Hivi sasa mwandishi yumo mbioni kukamilisha muswada wa riwaya yake ya sita iitwayo Mtoto wa Mama. Mbali na uandishi, Adam Shafi aliwahi kufanya kazi mbalimbali za uandishi wa habari na kazi za ushirika wa kimataifa. Ni furaha yetu kubwa kuwa hatimaye tunaweza kutoa mazungumzo hayo baada ya kuyapitia na kuyahariri kidogo tu, kwa vile tunaamini utamu wa lugha inavyozungumzwa katika hali...

  8. Data of evolutionary structure change: 1RE3E-2J3GD [Confc[Archive

    Full Text Available 1RE3E-2J3GD 1RE3 2J3G E D SNIPTNLRVLRSILENLRSKIQKLESDVSAQMEYCRTPC...TVSCNIPVVSGKECEEIIRKGGETSEMYLIQPDSSVKPYRVYCDMNTENGGWTVIQNRQDGSVDFGRKWDPYKQGFGNVATNTDGKNYCGLPGEYWLGNDKISQLTRMGPTELLIEMEDWKGD...---GEFWLGNDNIHALTAQGTSELRTDLVDFEDNYQFAKYRSFKVADEAEKYNLVLGAFVEGSAGDSL------------TFH--NNQSFSTKDQDNDLNT-----GN... 2J3G D 2J3GD LGAFVEGSAGD...D 2J3GD YLPDC-RPLTV EE -EE

  9. The J3 SCR model applied to resonant converter simulation

    Avant, R. L.; Lee, F. C. Y.

    1985-01-01

    The J3 SCR model is a continuous topology computer model for the SCR. Its circuit analog and parameter estimation procedure are uniformly applicable to popular computer-aided design and analysis programs such as SPICE2 and SCEPTRE. The circuit analog is based on the intrinsic three pn junction structure of the SCR. The parameter estimation procedure requires only manufacturer's specification sheet quantities as a data base.

  10. Hobo Orator Union: Class Composition and the Spokane Free Speech Fight of the Industrial Workers of the World

    May, Matthew S.

    2011-01-01

    From 1909 to 1910, the public performance of soap-box oratory began to effect dramatic changes in the composition of migrant workers throughout the Pacific Northwest. Municipal authorities in Spokane attempted to curb the formation of a union of hobo orators by outlawing public speech-making within the city fire limits. The ensuing confrontation…

  11. Where are $\\chi_{cJ}(3P)$?

    Chen, Dian-Yong

    2016-01-01

    In the present work, we propose the $Y(4140)$ as the $\\chi_{c1}(3P)$ state by studying the $\\chi_{c1} \\pi^+ \\pi^-$ invariant mass spectrum of the $B\\to K \\chi_{c1} \\pi^+ \\pi^-$ process. In the $D\\bar{D}$ invariant mass spectrum of the $B\\to K D\\bar{D}$ process, we find a new resonance with the mass and width to be $ (4083.0 \\pm 5.0) $ and $ (24.1 \\pm 15.4) $ MeV, respectively, which could be a good candidate of the $\\chi_{c0}(3P)$ state. The theoretical investigations on the decay behaviors of the $\\chi_{cJ}(3P)$ in the present work support the assignments of the $Y(4140)$ and $Y(4080)$ as the $\\chi_{c1}(3P)$ and $\\chi_{c0}(3P)$ states, respectively. In addition, the $\\chi_{c2}(3P)$ state is predicted to be a very narrow state. The results in the present work could be tested by further experiments in the LHCb and forthcoming Belle II.

  12. 49 CFR 372.231 - Tacoma, WA.

    2010-10-01

    ...: (a) The municipality of Tacoma, WA, itself; (b) All points within a line drawn 8 miles beyond the..., and all points within the Orting commercial zone. (d) All of any municipality any part of which is... municipality wholly surrounded, or so surrounded except for a water boundary, by the municipality of Tacoma...

  13. 2012 USGS Lidar: Elwha River (WA)

    National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, Department of Commerce — TASK NAME: Elwha River, WA LiDAR LiDAR Data Acquisition and Processing Production Task USGS Contract No. G10PC00057 Task Order No. G11PD01088 Woolpert Order No....

  14. IKAR, a ionization chamber for WA9

    1976-01-01

    This ionization chamber arrived at CERN from Leningrad for a high precision study of hadron elastic scattering by a CERN-Clermont-Ferrand-Leningrad-Lyon-Uppsala Collaboration in the H3 beam (WA9). G.A. Korolev (third from right) looks at the drawings.

  15. 75 FR 52048 - Washington Disaster #WA-00027

    2010-08-24

    ... ADMINISTRATION Washington Disaster WA-00027 AGENCY: U.S. Small Business Administration. ACTION: Notice. SUMMARY: This is a notice of an Administrative declaration of a disaster for the State of WASHINGTON dated 08/17/2010. Incident: Lynnview Apartment Complex Fire. Incident Period: 08/09/2010. Effective Date:...

  16. 75 FR 57375 - Establishment of Class E Airspace; Toledo, WA

    2010-09-21

    ... Federal Aviation Administration 14 CFR Part 71 Establishment of Class E Airspace; Toledo, WA AGENCY... E airspace at Toledo, WA, to accommodate aircraft using a new Area Navigation (RNAV) Global... controlled airspace at Toledo, WA (75 FR 33559). Interested parties were invited to participate in...

  17. Study on Several Characteristics of Agaricus blazei Murril Strain J3 Irradiated by 60Co

    WENG Bo-qi; JIANG Zhi-he; HUANG Ting-jun; CHEN Jian; ZHENG Wei-wen

    2003-01-01

    A new mutant strain J3 from Agaricus blazei Murril was obtained by 60Co irradiation. The yields of successive generations were increased more than 70% to compare with their original strain. The component analysis on amino acids and fatty acid illuminated that the nutrient value of strain J3 fruiting body was better than the original strain. The apparent nodule structure was found in the hyphea of J3 strain through the observation by scanning electron microscope. RAPD analysis showed the great difference of PCR fingerprints between J3 and its original strain. It is a promising mutant strain for further commercial development in the future.

  18. Experiment WA1 (CDHS Neutrino Experiment)

    1977-01-01

    Experiment WA1, also known under CDHS (CERN, Dortmund, Heidelberg, Saclay; spokesman Jack Steinberger), was the first neutrino experiment on the SPS, in its West Area. Magnetized iron (with a toroidal field) forms the core of the detector. On its outside we see drift chambers and photomultipliers (detecting the light from the plastic scintillators further in). Peter Schilly is wearing a white coat. See also CERN Annual Report 1976, p.57.

  19. Pier J3 CUB模型像真机的制作(上)

    张宝健

    2010-01-01

    Piper J3 CUB模型像真练习机以其优荚的外形和优雅的飞行姿态.受到众多飞友尤其是初学者的喜爱。下面.就与大家一起制作一架Piper J3 CUB电动模型飞机。

  20. Some Thoughts on the English Version of "Fu Wa"

    易高燕

    2009-01-01

    There have been many disputes about the translation of the Beijing 2008 Olympiad Mascots since it was first announced in 2005.And it was at last translated directly as the Chinese phonetic alphabet " Fu Wa".So this essay is going to explore some ideas of the English translation of "Fu Wa",and meanwhile discuss some translation approaches of culture-loaded words.

  1. Characterization of Rhodococcus wratislaviensis strain J3 that degrades 4-nitrocatechol and other nitroaromatic compounds.

    Navrátilová, Jitka; Tvrzová, Ludmila; Durnová, Eva; Spröer, Cathrin; Sedlácek, Ivo; Neca, Jirí; Nemec, Miroslav

    2005-02-01

    The bacterial strain J3 was isolated from soil by selective enrichment on mineral medium containing 4-nitrocatechol as the sole carbon and energy source. This strain was identified as Rhodococcus wratislaviensis on the basis of morphology, biochemical, physiological and chemotaxonomic characterization and complete sequencing of the 16S rDNA gene. The isolated bacterium could utilize 4-nitrocatechol, 3-nitrophenol and 5-nitroguaiacol as sole carbon and energy sources. Stoichiometric release of nitrites was measured during degradation of 4-nitrocatechol both in growing cultures and for stationary phase cells. The J3 strain was unable to degrade 4-nitroguaiacol, 2-nitrophenol, 4-nitrophenol, 2,4-dinitrobenzoic acid, 4,5-dimethoxy-2-nitrobenzoic acid and 2,3-difluoro-6-nitrophenol. The J3 strain is deposited in the Czech Collection of Microorganisms as CCM 4930.

  2. Isotopes - Recolonization of the Cedar River, WA by Pacific salmon

    National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, Department of Commerce — The objective of this study is to quantify population, community, and ecosystem level changes as a result of salmon recolonization of the Cedar River, WA above...

  3. Diet - Recolonization of the Cedar River, WA by Pacific salmon

    National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, Department of Commerce — The objective of this study is to quantify population, community, and ecosystem level changes as a result of salmon recolonization of the Cedar River, WA above...

  4. Ki wa ja loodus / Martin Rünkla

    Rünk, Martin

    2010-01-01

    Ki wa näitus "Wildlife documentaries" ("Looduse valetõlked") Tallinnas Draakoni galeriis 23. jaanuarini 2010. Eksponeeritud mustvalged tekstimaalid. Kunstnik tõlgendab looduspilte ja helisid tekstina

  5. Identification of the cranium of W.A. Mozart.

    Puech, P F; Puech, B; Tichy, G

    1989-01-01

    In 1801 at the cemetery in Vienna, Austria, the skull of W.A. Mozart was exhumed (La Chronique Médicale, 13 (1906) 423), and now it has been examined for identification. The osteometrical and osteological findings correspond with the available data of W.A. Mozart. Superimposition gives evidence that craniofacial distinctiveness of the cranium is consistent with the portrait. Additional individual particularities caused by the premature synostosis of the metopic suture (PSMS) and a bone lesion are described.

  6. Sobre los gnâwa y su origen

    Aguadé Bofill, Jordi

    1999-01-01

    Estudio de la etimología de la voz gnâwa (en árabe marroquí) que proviene del bereber ignawen. Los gnâwa en Marruecos son una cofradía religiosa especializada en curaciones, que llevan a cabo mediante vistosos bailes y cantos. En el artículo se estudian asimismo algunas voces de lenguas africanas que aparecen en sus canciones.

  7. CO J = 3 -> 2 observations of translucent and high-latitude molecular clouds

    Dishoeck, van E.F.; Phillips, T.G.; Black, J.H.; Gredel, R.

    1991-01-01

    Measurements were carried out on the CO J = 3-2 emission line at 345 GHz from a number of translucent and high-latitude molecular clouds, as well as on the J = 2-1 and J = 1-0 lines of both the (C-12)O and (C-13)O. It is shown that the physical conditions in the high-latitude clouds are very similar

  8. Evaluation of water-quality characteristics of part of the Spokane Aquifer, Washington and Idaho, using a solute-transport digital model

    Vaccaro, J.J.; Bolke, E.L.

    1983-01-01

    The principal dissolved constituents in water in the Spokane aquifer are calcium and bicarbonate. These constituents (as well as dissolved solids, hardness, and magnesium) each correlate well with specific conductance, whereas chloride, sodium, and nitrate each do not. Specific conductance ranges from 73 to 820 micromhos per centimeter throughout the study area. Short-term variations in water quality in the Spokane aquifer are generally greater than long-term variations. Vertical variations in concentration of chemical constituents occurred in four of 15 wells used to sample the upper 50 feet of the aquifer along several cross sections. Changes in water quality from one cross section to another could not be directly related to land-use activities. A digital model was developed and used to simulate solute transport of conservative ions in the Spokane aquifer. Specifically, the model was used to estimate the impact of the chloride ion from recharge through septic tanks and from irrigation on the water quality of the aquifer. Analysis shows that the estimated impact on the aquifer from these two source loadings was less than a 1-milligram-per-liter increase throughout approximately 80 percent of the aquifer, but increases averaging about 3 milligrams per liter occurred in some peripheral areas. Various water-quality-management schemes based on manmade or natural stresses can be tested with the model.

  9. Reptiles and Amphibians of Fairchild Air Force Base, WA

    2013-05-10

    ER D C/ CE R L TR -1 3 -5 Reptiles and Amphibians of Fairchild Air Force Base, WA C on st ru ct io n E n gi n ee ri n g R es ea rc...online library at http://acwc.sdp.sirsi.net/client/default. ERDC/CERL TR-13-5 May 2013 Reptiles and Amphibians of Fairchild Air Force Base, WA...Washington, DC 20314-1000 ERDC/CERL TR-13-5 ii Abstract Many reptile and amphibian (collectively termed “herpetofauna”) populations are declining at a

  10. CN and NH2 atmospheres of Comet C/1999 J3 (Linear)

    Korsun, P. P.; Jockers, K.

    2000-09-01

    Observations of Comet C/1999 J3 were made at the 2-m telescope of the Pik Terskol Observatory on September 19, 1999. Narrow-band CCD images of the CN, NH2, and dust atmospheres have been recorded using the two-channel focal reducer of the Max-Plank-Institute for Aeronomy. To fit distributions of the CN and NH2 molecules in the comet atmosphere Monte Carlo model was adopted. Model calculations were successful with photodissociation lifetimes equal to τCN=1.5×105s and τ{CNparent}=3.2×104s for CN and its parent, τ{NH2}=1.0×105s and τ{NH2parent}=5.0×103s for NH2 and its parent, respectively. These results are in agreement with HCN as the main source of the CN radicals and NH3 as the main source of the NH2 radicals in the atmosphere of Comet C/1999 J3 (Linear). The gas-production rates of CN, Q(CN)=3.8×1025 mol-1, and NH2, Q(NH2)=2.6×1025 mol-1, have been determined as well. These values are about 0.24% and 0.16%, respectively, of the water production rate.

  11. 78 FR 16713 - Board Meeting; April 16, 2013; Richland, WA

    2013-03-18

    ... meeting will be held at the Marriott Courtyard, 480 Columbia Point Drive, Richland, WA 99352; Tel 509-942-9400, Fax 509- 942-9401. A block of rooms has been reserved at the Marriott Courtyard for meeting attendees. Reservations can be made online at...

  12. Raimo Pullat kohtus Lech Wałesaga / Harda Roosna

    Roosna, Harda, 1956-

    2014-01-01

    Tallinna Ülikooli emeriitprofessor Raimo Pullat kohtus Poola ekspresidendi Lech Wałesaga Gdanski tehnikakõrgkooli 110. aastapäeva pidustustel, kuhu ta oli kutsutud kui peatselt valmiva teose "Värav tulevikku. Ganzigi Tehnikakõrgkool Eesti haritlaskonna kujunemisloos 1904-1939" autor

  13. 77 FR 54805 - Revocation of Jet Route J-528; WA

    2012-09-06

    ... Federal Aviation Administration 14 CFR Part 71 RIN 2120-AA66 Revocation of Jet Route J-528; WA AGENCY: Federal Aviation Administration (FAA), DOT. ACTION: Final rule. SUMMARY: This action removes Jet Route J...., Washington, DC 20591; telephone: (202) 267-8783. SUPPLEMENTARY INFORMATION: Background Jet Route J-528...

  14. View of the WA10 set-up

    1977-01-01

    The WA10 experiment by the Geneva-Lausanne Collaboration was set-up in the H5 beam (unseparated, up to 50 GeV/c) to study K+-p --> K0pi+-p and other reactions of similar topology, and the energy dependence of resonance production.

  15. 75 FR 35968 - Safety Zone; Fireworks Display in Stevenson, WA

    2010-06-24

    ... SECURITY Coast Guard 33 CFR Part 165 RIN 1625-AA00 Safety Zone; Fireworks Display in Stevenson, WA AGENCY... temporary safety zone covering the waters of the Columbia River in the vicinity of Stevenson, Washington... Columbia River in the vicinity of Stevenson, Washington. Specifically, the safety zone would include...

  16. 75 FR 81641 - Odessa Subarea Special Study; Adams, Franklin, Grant, and Lincoln Counties, WA

    2010-12-28

    ... 98848. North Central Regional Library, Royal City Library, 136 Camelia Street, Royal City, WA 99357. Seattle Public Library, Central Library, 1000 Fourth Avenue, Seattle, WA 98104. Sprague Public Library, 119 West Second Street, Sprague, WA 99032. North Central Regional Library, Warden Library, 305...

  17. 75 FR 33556 - Proposed Amendment of Class E Airspace; Port Angeles, WA

    2010-06-14

    ... Proposed Amendment of Class E Airspace; Port Angeles, WA AGENCY: Federal Aviation Administration (FAA), DOT... William R. Fairchild International Airport, Port Angeles, WA. The Ediz Hook Nondirectional Radio Beacon... feet above the surface, at William R. Fairchild International Airport, Port Angeles, WA. This action...

  18. 75 FR 51173 - Amendment of Class E Airspace; Port Angeles, WA

    2010-08-19

    ... Federal Aviation Administration 14 CFR Part 71 Amendment of Class E Airspace; Port Angeles, WA AGENCY... Class E airspace at Port Angeles, WA. The Ediz Hook Nondirectional Radio Beacon (NDB) has been... controlled airspace at Port Angeles, WA (75 FR 33556). Interested parties were invited to participate in...

  19. CN, NH2, and dust in the atmosphere of comet C/1999 J3 (LINEAR)

    Korsun, P. P.; Jockers, K.

    2002-01-01

    Comet C/1999 J3 (LINEAR) was observed with 2 m telescope of the Pik Terskol Observatory on September 19, 1999. Narrow-band CCD images of the CN, NH2, and dust atmospheres were recorded with the Two-Channel focal reducer of the Max-Plank-Institute for Aeronomy. The distributions of the CN and NH2 molecules in the comet atmosphere were fitted with a Monte Carlo model. For the CN atmosphere the best agreement between observed and calculated surface profiles was reached with the CN photodissociation lifetime tau (CN)=1.5*E5 s and with the parent photodissociation lifetime tau (CNparent)=3.2*E4 s. This result indicates that HCN is the main source of the CN radicals in the atmosphere of comet C/1999 J3 (LINEAR). Regarding the NH2 radicals, there is no doubt that NH3 is the dominant source of this species in the comet atmosphere. The lifetimes tau (NH2)=1.0*E5 s for NH2 and tau (NH2 parent)=5.0*E3 s for its parent are close to theoretical calculations. The gas-production rates of CN, Q(CN)=3.8 *E25 mol s-1, and NH2, Q(NH2)=6.9*E25 mol s-1 have also been determined. The appearance of the comet and the obtained data show that the comet is a gaseous one. The Afrho values are 21.6 cm for the blue spectral window and 23.4 cm for the red one. The normalized spectral gradient of the cometary dust is low, 4.0% per 1000 Å. The ratio log((Afrho )443/Q(CN)) = -24.25 indicates a very low dust to gas ratio as well.

  20. Spawning New Ideas: A Cycle of Discovery. Conference Proceedings of the Annual International Conference of the Association for Experiential Education (24th, Spokane, WA, September 26-29, 1996).

    Baker, Babs, Ed.

    This conference proceedings includes 66 papers, workshop descriptions, and abstracts concerned with experiential education; outdoor education; adventure-based education, counseling, and therapy; and outdoor leadership. Topics include various aspects of program design and administration; experiential educational practices and group facilitation…

  1. Beam current transformer (BCT) for experiment WA1/2

    1978-01-01

    In experiment WA1/2, a 400 GeV proton beam from the SPS was directed at a target, downstream of which a hadron line selected, in several narrow momentum bands, a beam of either pi+ and K+ or pi- and K-. These neutrino-parent particles, before entering a 292 m long decay tunnel, passed through a set of 2 BCTs of a design seen here. They measured the hadron intensity (10^10 to 10^11 particles/pulse) with a precision of the order of 1%. There were 2 of them, for enhanced precision and confidence. After the discovery of neutral currents in the Gargamelle-experiment, WA1/2 was the first follow-up, high-precision experiment (Z.Phys.C35, 443-452, 1987 and Z.Phys.C45, 361-379, 1990). See also 7706516X.

  2. Waves, Hydrodynamics and Sediment Transport Modeling at Grays Harbor, WA

    2010-12-01

    material placement was accomplished with four vessels; the Liberty and Lummi Island scows, and the Essayons and Yaquina trailing suction hopper...is water, including pore water and water entrained during dredging). Essayons The Essayons trailing suction hopper dredge has a capacity of 6,000...is expected to be small. ERDC/CHL TR-10-13 139 Figure 8-1. Cow Point Reach, Grays Harbor WA. One 5-gallon bucket of dredged material was

  3. Remediation of Degrading Bacterium Alcaligenes sp. J3 on Phytotoxicity Caused by Quinclorac%降解菌J3对茄科作物二氯喹啉酸药害的修复作用

    黄翅; 罗坤

    2015-01-01

    为了明确二氯喹啉酸降解菌J3对茄科作物二氯喹啉酸药害的修复作用,在湖南农业大学教学实习基地进行了田间试验。结果表明:经降解菌J3处理后,茄子的叶长、叶宽、株高分别恢复到了空白对照的93.98%、91.88%、95.55%,而药害对照组茄子的叶长、叶宽、株高仅为空白对照的55.23%、49.71%、75.76%;降解菌处理后,烟草的叶长、叶宽及株高分别恢复到了空白对照组的90.95%、92.37%、91.91%,而药害对照组烟草的叶长、叶宽及株高仅为空白对照组72.81%、37.55%、68.45%。由此表明,二氯喹啉酸降解菌J3对茄科作物茄子、烟草的药害可以起到良好的修复效果,可以广泛用于田间作物二氯喹啉酸药害的生物修复。%Field experiment was conducted in order to test remediation effect of quinclorac degrading bacteria J3 on quinclorac phytotoxicity to Solanaceae crops.The results showed that with application of strain J3,leaf length,leaf width and plant height of eggplant were recovered to 93.98%,91.88%,95.55%of CK,while that of control were only 55.23%,49.71%,75.76%of CK;with application of strain J3,leaf length,leaf width and plant height of tobacco were recovered to 90.95%,92.37% and 91.91% of healthy tobacco,while that of control were only 72.81%,37.55%,68.45% of healthy tobacco.It’s indicated that J3 could effectively alleviate quinclorac phytotoxicity of Solanaceae crops,and it could be widely used for bioremediation of quinclorac phytotoxicity.

  4. Optical properties of atmospheric fine particles near Beijing during the HOPE-J3A campaign

    Xu, Xuezhe; Zhao, Weixiong; Zhang, Qilei; Wang, Shuo; Fang, Bo; Chen, Weidong; Venables, Dean S.; Wang, Xinfeng; Pu, Wei; Wang, Xin; Gao, Xiaoming; Zhang, Weijun

    2016-05-01

    The optical properties and chemical composition of PM1.0 particles in a suburban environment (Huairou) near the megacity of Beijing were measured during the HOPE-J3A (Haze Observation Project Especially for Jing-Jin-Ji Area) field campaign. The campaign covered the period November 2014 to January 2015 during the winter coal heating season. The average values and standard deviations of the extinction, scattering, absorption coefficients, and the aerosol single scattering albedo (SSA) at λ = 470 nm during the measurement period were 201 ± 240, 164 ± 202, 37 ± 43 Mm-1, and 0.80 ± 0.08, respectively. The average values for the real and imaginary components of the effective complex refractive index (CRI) over the campaign were 1.40 ± 0.06 and 0.03 ± 0.02, while the average mass scattering and absorption efficiencies (MSEs and MAEs) of PM1.0 were 3.6 and 0.7 m2 g-1, respectively. Highly time-resolved air pollution episodes clearly show the dramatic evolution of the PM1.0 size distribution, extensive optical properties (extinction, scattering, and absorption coefficients), and intensive optical properties (SSA and CRI) during haze formation, development, and decline. Time periods were classified into three different pollution levels (clear, slightly polluted, and polluted) for further analysis. It was found that (1) the relative contributions of organic and inorganic species to observed aerosol composition changed significantly from clear to polluted days: the organic mass fraction decreased from 50 to 43 % while the proportion of sulfates, nitrates, and ammonium increased strongly from 34 to 44 %. (2) Chemical apportionment of extinction, calculated using the IMPROVE algorithm, tended to underestimate the extinction compared to measurements. Agreement with measurements was improved by modifying the parameters to account for enhanced absorption by elemental carbon (EC). Organic mass was the largest contributor (52 %) to the total extinction of PM1.0, while EC

  5. Gigafida and slWaC: topic comparison

    Nataša Logar Berginc

    2013-05-01

    Full Text Available In the article, the following two issues are analyzed: (a incorporation of texts from the Internet into existing reference corpora and comparison with the existence of web corpora, and (b the latest two corpora of Slovenian language texts: the Gigafida corpus consisting mainly of printed texts and to a lesser extent also web texts, and the slWaC corpus which is entirely compiled from web texts. First, similarities and differences between the two corpora are identified using the topic modelling method, and then the same method is applied to the individual taxonomic categories of the Gigafida corpus. The first part of the analysis showed that the work of reference corpus compilers is currently still incoherent with regard to the incorporation of Internet texts into corpora which should reveal the overall picture of a certain language. In case compilers decide to incorporate web texts, the range of included genres is generally broad. The second part of the analysis showed a significant thematic variation between the Gigafida and slWaC corpora, and pointed out the most typical themes covered by each of the six Gigafida corpus parts.

  6. Sources, transport, and trends for selected trace metals and nutrients in the Coeur d'Alene and Spokane River Basins, Idaho, 1990-2013

    Clark, Gregory M.; Mebane, Christopher A.

    2014-01-01

    Data collected at 18 streamflow-gaging and water-quality sampling sites in the Coeur d’Alene and Spokane River Basins of northern Idaho were used to estimate mean streamflow‑weighted concentrations and annual loads of total and dissolved cadmium, lead, and zinc, and total phosphorus (TP) and nitrogen (TN) for water years (WYs) 2009–13. Chronic Ambient Water Quality Criteria (AWQC) and AWQC ratios also were calculated to evaluate Idaho aquatic life criteria for chronic exposure to cadmium and zinc in streams. At four sites with a longer period of record, a Seasonal Kendall trend test was used to assess historical trends in the concentrations of total cadmium, lead, and zinc, and chronic AWQC ratios for cadmium and zinc during WYs 1990–2013.

  7. Stream-sediment geochemistry in mining-impacted streams : sediment mobilized by floods in the Coeur d'Alene-Spokane River system, Idaho and Washington

    Box, Stephen E.; Bookstrom, Arthur A.; Ikramuddin, Mohammed

    2005-01-01

    Environmental problems associated with the dispersion of metal-enriched sediment into the Coeur d'Alene-Spokane River system downstream from the Coeur d'Alene Mining District in northern Idaho have been a cause of litigation since 1903, 18 years after the initiation of mining for lead, zinc, and silver. Although direct dumping of waste materials into the river by active mining operations stopped in 1968, metal-enriched sediment continues to be mobilized during times of high runoff and deposited on valley flood plains and in Coeur d'Alene Lake (Horowitz and others, 1993). To gauge the geographic and temporal variations in the metal contents of flood sediment and to provide constraints on the sources and processes responsible for those variations, we collected samples of suspended sediment and overbank deposits during and after four high-flow events in 1995, 1996, and 1997 in the Coeur d'Alene-Spokane River system with estimated recurrence intervals ranging from 2 to 100 years. Suspended sediment enriched in lead, zinc, silver, antimony, arsenic, cadmium, and copper was detected over a distance of more than 130 mi (the downstream extent of sampling) downstream of the mining district. Strong correlations of all these elements in suspended sediment with each other and with iron and manganese are apparent when samples are grouped by reach (tributaries to the South Fork of the Coeur d'Alene River, the South Fork of the Coeur d'Alene River, the main stem of the Coeur d'Alene River, and the Spokane River). Elemental correlations with iron and manganese, along with observations by scanning electron microscopy, indicate that most of the trace metals are associated with Fe and Mn oxyhydroxide compounds. Changes in elemental correlations by reach suggest that the sources of metal-enriched sediment change along the length of the drainage. Metal contents of suspended sediment generally increase through the mining district along the South Fork of the Coeur d'Alene River, decrease

  8. 77 FR 12835 - Environmental Impacts Statements; Notice of Availability

    2012-03-02

    ... agencies. EPA's comment letters on EISs are available at: http://www.epa.gov/compliance/nepa/eisdata.html..., Approval of Gaming Development and Management, Spokane Tribe of Indians, Spokane County, WA, Comment...

  9. 77 FR 16058 - Willapa National Wildlife Refuge, Pacific County, WA; Record of Decision for Final Environmental...

    2012-03-19

    ... conservation purposes. It encompasses over 16,000 acres of tidelands, temperate rainforest, ocean beaches, sand... establishing the early-blue violet host plant on 33 acres, which will serve the future reintroduction of the... Bend, WA 98586. Ocean Park Timberland Library, 1308 256th Place, Ocean Park, WA 98640. Astoria...

  10. 76 FR 73666 - Notice of Inventory Completion: Paul H. Karshner Memorial Museum, Puyallup, WA

    2011-11-29

    ... National Park Service Notice of Inventory Completion: Paul H. Karshner Memorial Museum, Puyallup, WA AGENCY: National Park Service, Interior. ACTION: Notice. SUMMARY: The Paul H. Karshner Memorial Museum has... contact the Paul H. Karshner Memorial Museum, Puyallup, WA. Disposition of the human remains to the...

  11. 33 CFR 165.1328 - Regulated Navigation Area; U.S. Navy submarines, Hood Canal, WA.

    2010-07-01

    .... Navy submarines, Hood Canal, WA. 165.1328 Section 165.1328 Navigation and Navigable Waters COAST GUARD... § 165.1328 Regulated Navigation Area; U.S. Navy submarines, Hood Canal, WA. (a) Location. The following... whenever any U.S. Navy submarine is operating in the Hood Canal and is being escorted by the Coast...

  12. 76 FR 79137 - Proposed Establishment of Area Navigation (RNAV) Routes; Seattle, WA

    2011-12-21

    ... WANTA, WA to Bowie, TX WANTA, WA INT (Lat. 46 28'24'' N., long. 121 37'26'' W.) JELTI, OR INT (Lat. 44....) NOSEW, TX WP (Lat. 35 31'08'' N., long. 100 59'38'' W.) Bowie, TX (UKW) VORTAC (Lat. 33 32'09'' N.,...

  13. 77 FR 22473 - Establishment of Area Navigation (RNAV) Routes; Seattle, WA

    2012-04-16

    ... WANTA, WA to Bowie, TX WANTA, WA INT Lat. 46 28'24'' N., long. 121 37'26'' W. JELTI, OR INT Lat. 44 59... 31'08'' N., long. 100 59'38'' W. Bowie, TX (UKW) VORTAC Lat. 33 32'09'' N., long. 97 49'17'' W....

  14. 33 CFR 100.1307 - Special Local Regulations, Strait Thunder Performance, Port Angeles, WA.

    2010-07-01

    ... Thunder Performance, Port Angeles, WA. 100.1307 Section 100.1307 Navigation and Navigable Waters COAST... § 100.1307 Special Local Regulations, Strait Thunder Performance, Port Angeles, WA. (a) Regulated Areas... located near Port Angeles, Washington: Point 1: 48°07′24″ N, 123°25′32″ W; Point 2: 48°07′26″ N,...

  15. 75 FR 14463 - Notice of Inventory Completion: University of Washington, Department of Anthropology, Seattle, WA

    2010-03-25

    ... National Park Service Notice of Inventory Completion: University of Washington, Department of Anthropology... Anthropology, Seattle, WA. The human remains were removed from Huckleberry Island, Skagit County, WA. This... assessment of the human remains was made by the University of Washington, Department of Anthropology...

  16. 75 FR 33559 - Proposed Establishment of Class E Airspace; Toledo, WA

    2010-06-14

    ... TRANSPORTATION Federal Aviation Administration 14 CFR Part 71 Proposed Establishment of Class E Airspace; Toledo...). SUMMARY: This action proposes to establish Class E airspace at Toledo, WA, to accommodate aircraft using a... Ed Carlson Memorial Field- South Lewis County Airport, Toledo, WA. Controlled airspace is...

  17. GENEALOGI DAN PENYEBARAN THARIQAH QADIRIYAH WA NAQSHABANDIYAH DI JAWA

    Aly Mashar

    2016-11-01

    Full Text Available This article investigates the geneology and spread of Thariqah Qadiriyah wa Naqshabandiyah in Java. Based on the previous literatures (Dhofier, Martin van Bruinessen, Zulkifli, and Mulyati, it was found out that in Java the genealogy of the thariqah formed by Syekh Ahmad Khatib Sambas directed to the three primary khalifah, i.e. Syekh Abdul Karim Banten, Syekh Ahmad Thalhah Cirebon, and Syekh Muhammad Hasbullah Madura, then spread out across Java Island through the four centers (on 1970s, such as Suryalaya, Rejoso, Mranggen, and Pangentongan. However, the writer found out that there were four khalifahs, including Syekhona Kholil Bangkalan Madura; with the nine dissemination centers (in 1970s including Berjan Purworejo, Sawah Pulo Surabaya, Cukir Jombang, Kencong Kediri, and Dawe Kudus.

  18. Development of the fast reactor group constant set JFS-3-J3.2R based on the JENDL-3.2

    Chiba, G

    2002-01-01

    It is reported that the fast reactor group constant set JFS-3-J3.2 based on the newest evaluated nuclear data library JENDL3.2 has a serious error in the process of applying the weighting function. As the error affects greatly nuclear characteristics, and a corrected version of the reactor constant set, JFS-3-J3.2R, was developed, as well as lumped FP cross sections. The use of JFS-3-J3.2R improves the results of analyses especially on sample Doppler reactivity and reaction rate in the blanket region in comparison with those obtained using the JFS-3-J3.2.

  19. Isolation of lead-resistant bacterial strain J3 and its characteristics%一株耐铅细菌J3的筛选分离及其生物学特性

    罗雅; 蒋代华; 夏颖; 雷冬莉; 张福权

    2011-01-01

    The present experiment was conducted to isolate a high concentration of lead-resistant strain and to study its biological properties in order to apply it in bioremediation of heavy metal pollution in environment. [ Method ]The lead-resistant bacterium was isolated from heavy metal contaminated soil in mine area using selected culture medium. The physiological and biochemical characteristics, tolerance and Pb2+ adsorption ability of the isolated strains were analyzed. [Result]The results showed that the isolated strain J3 grew normally in beef extract-peptone medium containing 1000 mg-L-1 Pb2+, and it grew well in the range of 5.0-11.0 pH and 1.5-3.5% NaCl concentration. The isolated strain J3 was also found to grow well in medium with different concentrations of antibiotics, viz., tetracycline, erythromycin, chloromycetin and peni cillin. The Pb2* adsorption ability of J3 was enhanced with increase in initial concentration of Pb in culture medium, and showed the best effect at logarithmic growth period. [Conclusion ]The isolated strain J3 had stronger tolerance to Pb and wider environmental adaptability. There is feasibility of its application in remediation of heavy metal pollution.%[目的]筛选出高浓度铅耐受菌株,探明其生物学特性,为重金属污染环境的微生物修复提供理想菌株.[方法]采用选择性培养基从矿区重金属污染新鲜土中筛选耐铅菌株,并对其理化特性、耐受性及吸附铅能力等进行研究.[结果]筛选获得的菌株J3能在含铅量为1000 mg·L-1的培养基中正常生长,在pH 5.0~11.0、NaCl浓度1.5%~3.5%时生长良好;能在含有不同浓度四环素、红霉素、氯霉素、青霉素的环境下生长.随着培养基中初始铅浓度的增大,菌株对铅离子的吸附能力也随之增大,并在对数生长期吸附效果相对最佳.[结论]菌株J3对重金属铅有较强的耐受性和环境适应能力,将其用于实际修复具有一定的可行性.

  20. WaVPeak: Picking NMR peaks through wavelet-based smoothing and volume-based filtering

    Liu, Zhi

    2012-02-10

    Motivation: Nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR) has been widely used as a powerful tool to determine the 3D structures of proteins in vivo. However, the post-spectra processing stage of NMR structure determination usually involves a tremendous amount of time and expert knowledge, which includes peak picking, chemical shift assignment and structure calculation steps. Detecting accurate peaks from the NMR spectra is a prerequisite for all following steps, and thus remains a key problem in automatic NMR structure determination. Results: We introduce WaVPeak, a fully automatic peak detection method. WaVPeak first smoothes the given NMR spectrum by wavelets. The peaks are then identified as the local maxima. The false positive peaks are filtered out efficiently by considering the volume of the peaks. WaVPeak has two major advantages over the state-of-the-art peak-picking methods. First, through wavelet-based smoothing, WaVPeak does not eliminate any data point in the spectra. Therefore, WaVPeak is able to detect weak peaks that are embedded in the noise level. NMR spectroscopists need the most help isolating these weak peaks. Second, WaVPeak estimates the volume of the peaks to filter the false positives. This is more reliable than intensity-based filters that are widely used in existing methods. We evaluate the performance of WaVPeak on the benchmark set proposed by PICKY (Alipanahi et al., 2009), one of the most accurate methods in the literature. The dataset comprises 32 2D and 3D spectra from eight different proteins. Experimental results demonstrate that WaVPeak achieves an average of 96%, 91%, 88%, 76% and 85% recall on 15N-HSQC, HNCO, HNCA, HNCACB and CBCA(CO)NH, respectively. When the same number of peaks are considered, WaVPeak significantly outperforms PICKY. The Author(s) 2012. Published by Oxford University Press.

  1. Pra Na Wa Ka: The Development of Training Course for Continuing Buddhism

    Phra M.P. Romphothanthong

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available Problem statement: Buddhism is a religion that requires meditation, practice, intellectual precepts of the threefold-training such as morality, concentration and wisdom. The purpose of practicing Buddhism is the goal of deliverance through attaining knowledge and wisdom. The Pra Na Wa Ka are newly ordained monks and needed to study both of the scriptures and the practice for appreciating understanding in morality, concentration and wisdom. A training model and guidelines are needed to improve the quality and efficiency of Pra Na Wa Ka because currently most of the monks who are the teachers lacked knowledge and are not ready to act as the Pra Na Wa Ka teacher, because lack of the teaching media, lack of the proper knowledge of the teacher vocational, the lesson plan arrangement, the psychology of teaching, lack of technique variety of teaching methods. Most of the temple had no education administration of the Pra Na Wa Ka who ordained in short-term, within 3 days 7 days 15 days or to one month, lack of the short period course to study about Buddhism, the Pra Na Wa Ka cannot accurately recite the Pali words, the Pra Na Wa Ka who were ordained were not motivated and faithful in learning and low morality. Approach: This research intended to study the history of the education administration of the Pra Na Wa Ka (Newly ordained monk and to study about the problems and need of the Pra Na Wa Ka in knowledge about Buddhism and to develop the curriculum and the training package of the Pra Na Wa Ka in Buddhism. Results: The Pra Na Wa Ka traing course is a curriculum to study Buddhism through 3 training courses; (1 Basic Course: 3 days for initiation 7 days, (2 Intermediate course 7 days for initiation 15 days and (3 Long period course 15 days for initiation more than 30 days. The training courses were accompanied by a training kit to understand the main precepts of morality, concentration and wisdom. The curriculum was successful in providing Pra Na Wa Ka

  2. A New Interpretation of the Bipolar HII Region S106 from HCN J = 3 - 2 Mapping Observations

    Sheng-Li Qin; Jun-Jie Wang; Gang Zhao; Martin Miller

    2005-01-01

    The first mapping observations of the bipolar HII region S106 in HCN J = 3-2 line were made by KOSMA submillimeter telescope in April, 2004. The results show that there is a bipolar cloud core is perpendicular to the IRS4 and that the flat structure of molecular cloud core is perpendicular to the axis of the outflow. This image roughly corresponds to the optical image where a dark lane bisects the bipolar HII region. Together with the optical, infrared and radio data, we conclude that the central UC HII region, and that a neutral disk is responsible for the bipolar HII region and the outflow.

  3. CHIMPS: the $^{13}$CO/C$^{18}$O (J=3-2) Heterodyne Inner Milky Way Plane Survey

    Rigby, A J; Plume, R; Eden, D J; Urquhart, J S; Thompson, M A; Mottram, J C; Brunt, C M; Butner, H M; Dempsey, J T; Gibson, S J; Hatchell, J; Jenness, T; Kuno, N; Longmore, S N; Morgan, L K; Polychroni, D; Thomas, H; White, G J; Zhu, M

    2015-01-01

    We present the $^{13}$CO/C$^{18}$O (J=3-2) Heterodyne Inner Milky Way Plane Survey (CHIMPS) which has been carried out using the Heterodyne Array Receiver Program on the 15 m James Clerk Maxwell Telescope (JCMT) in Hawaii. The high-resolution spectral survey currently covers |b| < 0.5 deg and 28 < l < 46 deg, with an angular resolution of 15 arcsec in 0.5 km/s velocity channels. The spectra have a median rms of $\\sim$ 0.6 K at this resolution, and for optically thin gas at an excitation temperature of 10 K, this sensitivity corresponds to column densities of $N_{\\mathrm{H}_{2}} \\sim 3 \\times 10^{20}\\,$cm$^{-2}$ and $N_{\\mathrm{H}_{2}} \\sim 4 \\times 10^{21}\\,$cm$^{-2}$ for $^{13}$CO and C$^{18}$O, respectively. The molecular gas that CHIMPS traces is at higher column densities and is also more optically thin than in other publicly available CO surveys due to its rarer isotopologues, and thus more representative of the three-dimensional structure of the clouds. The critical density of the J=3-2 transit...

  4. Bilingual education, indigenous language and culture: the case of Apyãwa Tapirapé

    Maria Gorete Neto

    Full Text Available Bilingual schools are recognized as an important resource to increase the chances of language survival but in many cases have proven to be ineffective. Within the Apyãwa Tapirapé Indian Tribe (central Brazil, an effective bilingual school does exist; however, this study shows that even a successful school brings complications for the community. Audio-recorded interviews, in which teachers and leaders discuss their bilingual school and its consequences for the Apyãwa Tapirapé people, reveal that they feel that the school has changed the Apyãwa Tapirapé lifestyle in both negative and positive ways. A continuous evaluation and ongoing reconstruction of educational aspects is proposed as a way to both attend to the needs and to relieve the worries of groups like the Apyãwa Tapirapé with respect to the impact of their school on the community.

  5. Data of evolutionary structure change: 1F3WA-3G2GD [Confc[Archive

    Full Text Available 1F3WA-3G2GD 1F3W 3G2G A D IQTQQLHAAMADTFLEHMCRLDIDSAPITARNTGIICTI...ISKIENHEGVRRFDEILEASDGIMVARGDLGIEIPAEKVFLAQKMIIGRCNRAGKPVICATQMLESMIKKPRPTRAEGSDVANAVLDGADCIMLSGETAKGD...HQTARQAHLYRGIFPVVCKDPVQEAWAEDVDLRVNLAMNVGKARGFFKKGDVVIVLTGWRPGSGFTNTMRVVPVP -QTQQLHAAMADTFLEHMC...VSEKDIQDLKFGVEQDVDMVFASFIRKASDVHEVRKVLGEKGKNIKIISKIENHEGVRRFDEILEASDGIMVARGDLGIEIPAEKVFLAQKMMIGRCNRAGKPVICAT...QMLESMIKKPRPTRAEGSDVANAVLDGADCIMLSGETAKGDYPLEAVRMQHLIAREAEAAIYHLQLFEELRRLAPITSDPT

  6. Experimental streams - Recolonization of the Cedar River, WA by Pacific salmon

    National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, Department of Commerce — The objective of this study is to quantify population, community, and ecosystem level changes as a result of salmon recolonization of the Cedar River, WA above...

  7. Growth, movement and survival - Recolonization of the Cedar River, WA by Pacific salmon

    National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, Department of Commerce — The objective of this study is to quantify population, community, and ecosystem level changes as a result of salmon recolonization of the Cedar River, WA above...

  8. Fish abundance, composition, distribution - Recolonization of the Cedar River, WA by Pacific salmon

    National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, Department of Commerce — The objective of this study is to quantify population, community, and ecosystem level changes as a result of salmon recolonization of the Cedar River, WA above...

  9. 76 FR 61378 - Dungeness National Wildlife Refuge, Clallam County, WA; Comprehensive Conservation Plan and...

    2011-10-04

    ... Fish and Wildlife Service Dungeness National Wildlife Refuge, Clallam County, WA; Comprehensive Conservation Plan and Environmental Assessment AGENCY: Fish and Wildlife Service, Interior. ACTION: Notice of... wildlife, plant, and habitat conservation, while providing for wildlife-dependent recreation...

  10. 76 FR 45600 - Columbia National Wildlife Refuge, Adams and Grant Counties, WA; Draft Comprehensive Conservation...

    2011-07-29

    ... Fish and Wildlife Service Columbia National Wildlife Refuge, Adams and Grant Counties, WA; Draft Comprehensive Conservation Plan and Environmental Assessment AGENCY: Fish and Wildlife Service, Interior. ACTION... wildlife management, conservation, legal mandates, and our policies. In addition to outlining...

  11. 78 FR 26249 - Drawbridge Operation Regulation; Lake Washington Ship Canal, Seattle, WA

    2013-05-06

    ...The Coast Guard has issued a temporary deviation from the operating schedule that governs the Montlake Bridge across the Lake Washington Ship Canal, mile 5.2, at Seattle, WA, and the University Bridge across the Lake Washington Ship Canal, mile 4.3, at Seattle, WA. This deviation is necessary to accommodate the ``Beat the Bridge'' foot race. This deviation allows the bridges to remain in the......

  12. Dense Clumps in Giant Molecular Clouds in the Large Magellanic Cloud: Density and Temperature Derived from $^{13}$CO($J=3-2$) Observations

    Minamidani, Tetsuhiro; Mizuno, Yoji; Mizuno, Norikazu; Kawamura, Akiko; Onishi, Toshikazu; Hasegawa, Tetsuo; Tatematsu, Ken'ichi; Takekoshi, Tatsuya; Sorai, Kazuo; Moribe, Nayuta; Torii, Kazufumi; Sakai, Takeshi; Muraoka, Kazuyuki; Tanaka, Kunihiko; Ezawa, Hajime; Kohno, Kotaro; Kim, Sungeun; Rubio, Mónica; Fukui, Yasuo

    2010-01-01

    In order to precisely determine temperature and density of molecular gas in the Large Magellanic Cloud, we made observations of optically thin $^{13}$CO($J=3-2$) transition by using the ASTE 10m telescope toward 9 peaks where $^{12}$CO($J=3-2$) clumps were previously detected with the same telescope. The molecular clumps include those in giant molecular cloud (GMC) Types I (with no signs of massive star formation), II (with HII regions only), and III (with HII regions and young star clusters). We detected $^{13}$CO($J=3-2$) emission toward all the peaks and found that their intensities are 3 -- 12 times lower than those of $^{12}$CO($J=3-2$). We determined the intensity ratios of $^{12}$CO($J=3-2$) to $^{13}$CO($J=3-2$), $R^{12/13}_{3-2}$, and $^{13}$CO($J=3-2$) to $^{13}$CO($J=1-0$), $R^{13}_{3-2/1-0}$, at 45$\\arcsec$ resolution. These ratios were used for radiative transfer calculations in order to estimate temperature and density of the clumps. The parameters of these clumps range kinetic temperature $T\\ma...

  13. Coral-Derived Compound WA-25 Inhibits Angiogenesis by Attenuating the VEGF/VEGFR2 Signaling Pathway

    Shih-Wei Lin

    2015-02-01

    Full Text Available Background: WA-25 (dihydroaustrasulfone alcohol, a synthetic derivative of marine compound WE-2 suppresses atherosclerosis in rats by reducing neointima formation. Because angiogenesis plays a critical role in the pathogenesis of atherosclerosis, the present study investigated the angiogenic function and mechanism of WA-25. Methods: The angiogenic effect of WA-25 was evaluated using a rat aortic ring assay and transgenic zebrafish models were established using transgenic Tg(fli-1:EGFPy1 and Tg(kdrl:mCherryci5-fli1a:negfpy7 zebrafish embryos. In addition, the effect of WA-25 on distinct angiogenic processes, including matrix metalloproteinase (MMP expression, endothelial cell proliferation and migration, as well as tube formation, was studied using human umbilical vein endothelial cells (HUVECs. The effect of WA-25 on the endothelial vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF signaling pathway was elucidated using qRT-PCR, immunoblot analysis, immunofluorescence and flow cytometric analyses. Results: The application of WA-25 perturbed the development of intersegmental vessels in transgenic zebrafish. Moreover, WA-25 potently suppressed microvessel sprouting in organotypic rat aortic rings. Among cultured endothelial cells, WA-25 significantly and dose-dependently inhibited MMP-2/MMP-9 expression, proliferation, migration and tube formation in HUVECs. Mechanistic studies revealed that WA-25 significantly reduced the VEGF release by reducing VEGF expression at the mRNA and protein levels. In addition, WA-25 reduced surface VEGF receptor 2 (VEGFR2/Flk-1 expression by repressing the VEGFR2 mRNA level. Finally, an exogenous VEGF supply partially rescued the WA-25-induced angiogenesis blockage in vitro and in vivo. Conclusions: WA-25 is a potent angiogenesis inhibitor that acts through the down-regulation of VEGF and VEGFR2 in endothelial cells. General Significance: WA-25 may constitute a novel anti-angiogenic drug that acts by targeting endothelial

  14. Synthesis and Biological Investigation of Δ(12)-Prostaglandin J3 (Δ(12)-PGJ3) Analogues and Related Compounds.

    Nicolaou, K C; Pulukuri, Kiran Kumar; Rigol, Stephan; Heretsch, Philipp; Yu, Ruocheng; Grove, Charles I; Hale, Christopher R H; ElMarrouni, Abdelatif; Fetz, Verena; Brönstrup, Mark; Aujay, Monette; Sandoval, Joseph; Gavrilyuk, Julia

    2016-05-25

    A series of Δ(12)-prostaglandin J3 (Δ(12)-PGJ3) analogues and derivatives were synthesized employing an array of synthetic strategies developed specifically to render them readily available for biological investigations. The synthesized compounds were evaluated for their cytotoxicity against a number of cancer cell lines, revealing nanomolar potencies for a number of them against certain cancer cell lines. Four analogues (2, 11, 21, and 27) demonstrated inhibition of nuclear export through a covalent addition at Cys528 of the export receptor Crm1. One of these compounds (i.e., 11) is currently under evaluation as a potential drug candidate for the treatment of certain types of cancer. These studies culminated in useful and path-pointing structure-activity relationships (SARs) that provide guidance for further improvements in the biological/pharmacological profiles of compounds within this class.

  15. A Structural Analysis of the Lewiston Basin, Clarkston, WA

    Alloway, M.; Watkinson, A.; Reidel, S. P.

    2010-12-01

    dies out or becomes blind before reaching the ID-WA border and the conspicuous change in attitude from the north side of the river to the south is accommodated by an abrupt fold hinge beneath the river. Three-dimensional representation of how the structure varies along its trend, not to scale. A-A' crosses the location where the Snake River changes direction from E-W to S-N. G-G' was modified from Garwood and Bush (2005) and is outside of the field area.

  16. ALMA observations of the vibrationally excited rotational CO transitionv= 1,J= 3 - 2 towards five AGB stars

    Khouri, T.; Vlemmings, W. H. T.; Ramstedt, S.; Lombaert, R.; Maercker, M.; De Beck, E.

    2016-11-01

    We report the serendipitous detection with ALMA of the vibrationally-excited pure-rotational CO transition $v=1, J=3-2$ towards five asymptotic giant branch (AGB) stars, $o$ Cet, R Aqr, R Scl, W Aql, and $\\pi^1$ Gru. The observed lines are formed in the poorly-understood region located between the stellar surface and the region where the wind starts, the so-called warm molecular layer. We successfully reproduce the observed lines profiles using a simple model. We constrain the extents, densities, and kinematics of the region where the lines are produced. R Aqr and R Scl show inverse P-Cygni line profiles which indicate infall of material onto the stars. The line profiles of $o$ Cet and R Scl show variability. The serendipitous detection towards these five sources shows that vibrationally-excited rotational lines can be observed towards a large number of nearby AGB stars using ALMA. This opens a new possibility for the study of the innermost regions of AGB circumstellar envelopes.

  17. ALMA observations of the vibrationally-excited rotational CO transition $v=1, J=3-2$ towards five AGB stars

    Khouri, T; Ramstedt, S; Lombaert, R; Maercker, M; De Beck, E

    2016-01-01

    We report the serendipitous detection with ALMA of the vibrationally-excited pure-rotational CO transition $v=1, J=3-2$ towards five asymptotic giant branch (AGB) stars, $o$ Cet, R Aqr, R Scl, W Aql, and $\\pi^1$ Gru. The observed lines are formed in the poorly-understood region located between the stellar surface and the region where the wind starts, the so-called warm molecular layer. We successfully reproduce the observed lines profiles using a simple model. We constrain the extents, densities, and kinematics of the region where the lines are produced. R Aqr and R Scl show inverse P-Cygni line profiles which indicate infall of material onto the stars. The line profiles of $o$ Cet and R Scl show variability. The serendipitous detection towards these five sources shows that vibrationally-excited rotational lines can be observed towards a large number of nearby AGB stars using ALMA. This opens a new possibility for the study of the innermost regions of AGB circumstellar envelopes.

  18. ALMA HCN and HCO+ J=3-2 observations of optical Seyfert and luminous infrared galaxies -- Confirmation of elevated HCN-to-HCO+ flux ratios in AGNs --

    Imanishi, Masatoshi; Izumi, Takuma

    2016-01-01

    We present the results of our ALMA observations of three AGN-dominated nuclei in optical Seyfert 1 galaxies (NGC 7469, I Zw 1, and IC 4329 A) and eleven luminous infrared galaxies (LIRGs) with various levels of infrared estimated energetic contributions by AGNs at the HCN and HCO+ J=3-2 emission lines. The HCN and HCO+ J=3-2 emission lines are clearly detected at the main nuclei of all sources, except for IC 4329 A. The vibrationally excited (v2=1f) HCN J=3-2 and HCO+ J=3-2 emission lines are simultaneously covered, and HCN v2=1f J=3-2 emission line signatures are seen in the main nuclei of two LIRGs, IRAS 12112+0305 and IRAS 22491-1808, neither of which show clear buried AGN signatures in the infrared. If the vibrational excitation is dominated by infrared radiative pumping, through the absorption of infrared 14 um photons, primarily originating from AGN-heated hot dust emission, then these two LIRGs may contain infrared-elusive, but (sub)millimeter-detectable, extremely deeply buried AGNs. These vibrational...

  19. Quest Trial Q348: Evaluation of WaMoS II Data

    2013-04-01

    page 10 The trial area of operations is a relatively flat area at the southwest end of the Emerald Basin about 8 nm square (Figure 1), located...yielded valuable new insights in the capabilities of WaMoS II to measure individual wave heights in a remote area by means of radar. The set-up of this...for each individual buoy measurement. This allowed to prove the general match of WaMoS II sea surface to the buoy and important new insights in

  20. 77 FR 72337 - Notice of Availability of the Injury Assessment Plan for the Hanford Site, Richland, WA

    2012-12-05

    ... Plan on or before January 4, 2013. ADDRESSES: Send written comments to Larry Goldstein/Hanford Natural... 47600, Olympia, Washington 98504-7600; via email to Larry.Goldstein@ecy.wa.gov . You may download the... Plan for the Hanford Site, contact Larry Goldstein at 360-407-6573, Larry.Goldstein@ecy.wa.gov ....

  1. The WA56 Experiment at CERN: How Does It Look in the Unified Picture for Hadron Spectra?

    Arkhipov, A A

    2005-01-01

    In this note we demonstrate how the experimental material taken from WA56 Experiment at CERN looks in the recently developed unified picture for hadron spectra. Our analysis shows that baryonium states observed in the WA56 Experiment are the states living in the corresponding KK tower built in according to the earlier established general, physical law.

  2. 75 FR 27638 - Regulated Navigation Area; U.S. Navy Submarines, Hood Canal, WA

    2010-05-18

    ... No. USCG-2009-1058] RIN 1625-AA11 Regulated Navigation Area; U.S. Navy Submarines, Hood Canal, WA... whenever any U.S. Navy submarine is operating in that area and is being escorted by the Coast Guard. The RNA is necessary to help ensure the safety and security of the submarines, their Coast Guard...

  3. Association of vWA and TPOX Polymorphisms with Venous Thrombosis in Mexican Mestizos

    Meraz-Ríos, Marco Antonio; Majluf-Cruz, Abraham; Santana, Carla; Noris, Gino; Camacho-Mejorado, Rafael; Acosta-Saavedra, Leonor C.; Calderón-Aranda, Emma S.; Hernández-Juárez, Jesús; Magaña, Jonathan J.; Gómez, Rocío

    2014-01-01

    Objective. Venous thromboembolism (VTE) is a multifactorial disorder and, worldwide, the most important cause of morbidity and mortality. Genetic factors play a critical role in its aetiology. Microsatellites are the most important source of human genetic variation having more phenotypic effect than many single nucleotide polymorphisms. Hence, we evaluate a possible relationship between VTE and the genetic variants in von Willebrand factor, human alpha fibrinogen, and human thyroid peroxidase microsatellites to identify possible diagnostic markers. Methods. Genotypes were obtained from 177 patients with VTE and 531 nonrelated individuals using validated genotyping methods. The allelic frequencies were compared; Bayesian methods were used to correct population stratification to avoid spurious associations. Results. The vWA-18, TPOX-9, and TPOX-12 alleles were significantly associated with VTE. Moreover, subjects bearing the combination vWA-18/TPOX-12 loci exhibited doubled risk for VTE (95% CI = 1.02–3.64), whereas the combination vWA-18/TPOX-9 showed an OR = 10 (95% CI = 4.93–21.49). Conclusions. The vWA and TPOX microsatellites are good candidate biomarkers in venous thromboembolism diseases and could help to elucidate their origins. Additionally, these polymorphisms could become useful markers for genetic studies of VTE in the Mexican population; however, further studies should be done owing that this data only show preliminary evidence. PMID:25250329

  4. Lech Wałęsa - kangelane või reetur? / Zygmunt Dzieciolowski ; intervjueerinud Taavi Minnik

    Dzieciolowski, Zygmunt

    2016-01-01

    Intervjuu Poola politoloogi ja ajakirjaniku Zygmunt Dzieciolowskiga Solidaarsuse liikumise juhi Lech Wałęsa elu tumedatest varjudest, käimasolevast skandaalist seoses tema sidemetega kommunistliku režiimi salapolitsei SBga ning kohast Poola ühiskonnas ja ajaloos

  5. Contemporary "Hoisan-wa" Language Maintenance in Northern California: Evidence from Fourteen Frog Story Narratives

    Leung, Genevieve

    2012-01-01

    This article explores uninvestigated issues in Cantonese and "Hoisan-wa" language maintenance from an ethnic Chinese diaspora point of view. Data come from a larger study looking at Frog Story narratives from 140 Cantonese-English bilingual children in California. Fourteen of these children were found to display uniquely…

  6. 78 FR 45056 - Drawbridge Operation Regulation; Lake Washington Ship Canal, Seattle, WA

    2013-07-26

    ...The Coast Guard has issued a temporary deviation from the operating schedule that governs the Montlake Bridge across the Lake Washington Ship Canal, mile 5.2, at Seattle, WA. The deviation is necessary to accommodate vehicular traffic attending football games at Husky Stadium at the University of Washington, Seattle, Washington. This deviation allows the bridge to remain in the closed position......

  7. 76 FR 69131 - Drawbridge Operation Regulation; Lake Washington Ship Canal, Seattle, WA

    2011-11-08

    ...The Commander, Thirteenth Coast Guard District, has issued a temporary deviation from the regulation governing the operation of the Burlington Northern Santa Fe Railway Bridge across the Lake Washington Ship Canal, mile 0.1, at Seattle, WA. The deviation is necessary to facilitate replacement of a counterweight trunnion bearing. This deviation allows the bridge to remain in the down or closed......

  8. 78 FR 55214 - Drawbridge Operation Regulation; Lake Washington Ship Canal, Seattle, WA

    2013-09-10

    ...The Coast Guard has issued a temporary deviation from the operating schedule that governs the Burlington Northern Santa Fe (BNSF) Railway Bridge across the Lake Washington Ship Canal, mile 0.1, at Seattle, WA. This deviation is necessary to facilitate heavy maintenance on the bridge. This deviation allows the bridge to remain in the down, or closed position, during the maintenance...

  9. 77 FR 57019 - Drawbridge Operation Regulation; Lake Washington Ship Canal, Seattle, WA

    2012-09-17

    ... SECURITY Coast Guard 33 CFR Part 117 Drawbridge Operation Regulation; Lake Washington Ship Canal, Seattle... Northern Santa Fe Railway Bridge across the Lake Washington Ship Canal, mile 0.1, at Seattle, WA. This... Canal, mile 0.1 (Ballard-Salmon Bay), be locked in the closed position and not be required to open...

  10. 77 FR 35862 - Safety Zone; Fleet Week Maritime Festival, Pier 66 Elliott Bay, Seattle, WA

    2012-06-15

    ... SECURITY Coast Guard 33 CFR Part 165 Safety Zone; Fleet Week Maritime Festival, Pier 66 Elliott Bay... Guard will enforce the Fleet Week Maritime Festival's Pier 66 Safety Zone in Elliott Bay, WA from 8 a.m... Guard will enforce the Safety Zone for the Fleet Week Maritime Festival in 33 CFR 165.1330 on August...

  11. 78 FR 50094 - Notice of Inventory Completion: Maxey Museum, Walla Walla, WA

    2013-08-16

    ... National Park Service Notice of Inventory Completion: Maxey Museum, Walla Walla, WA AGENCY: National Park Service, Interior. ACTION: Notice. SUMMARY: The Maxey Museum has completed an inventory of human remains... remains should submit a written request to the Maxey Museum. If no additional requestors come...

  12. Data of evolutionary structure change: 1B4WA-2NOTA [Confc[Archive

    Full Text Available 1B4WA-2NOTA 1B4W 2NOT A A HLLQFRKMIKKMTG--KEPVVSYAFYGCYCGSGGRGKPK... 2NOT A 2NOTA....69599914550781 tion> 0.7179999947547913 0.4429999...042915344 -0.19200000166893005 0.8669999837875366 0.46000000834465027 tion> 1 2NOT A 2NOTA

  13. 75 FR 41883 - Notice of Inventory Completion: Museum of Anthropology, Washington State University Pullman, WA

    2010-07-19

    ... National Park Service Notice of Inventory Completion: Museum of Anthropology, Washington State University... and control of the Museum of Anthropology, Washington State University, Pullman, WA. The human remains... in this notice. A detailed assessment of the human remains was made by Museum of...

  14. 76 FR 50247 - Willapa National Wildlife Refuge, Pacific County, WA; Final Comprehensive Conservation Plan and...

    2011-08-12

    ... Fish and Wildlife Service Willapa National Wildlife Refuge, Pacific County, WA; Final Comprehensive Conservation Plan and Environmental Impact Statement AGENCY: Fish and Wildlife Service, Interior. ACTION: Notice of availability. SUMMARY: We, the U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service (Service), announce...

  15. 77 FR 71011 - Dungeness National Wildlife Refuge, Clallam County, WA; Comprehensive Conservation Plan and...

    2012-11-28

    ... Fish and Wildlife Service Dungeness National Wildlife Refuge, Clallam County, WA; Comprehensive Conservation Plan and Environmental Assessment AGENCY: Fish and Wildlife Service, Interior. ACTION: Notice of availability; request for comments. SUMMARY: We, the U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service (Service), announce...

  16. The Utility of the Lambert Function W[a exp(a - bt)] in Chemical Kinetics

    Williams, Brian Wesley

    2010-01-01

    The mathematical Lambert function W[a exp(a - bt)] is used to find integrated rate laws for several examples, including simple enzyme and Lindemann-Christiansen-Hinshelwood (LCH) unimolecular decay kinetics. The results derived here for the well-known LCH mechanism as well as for a dimer-monomer reaction mechanism appear to be novel. A nonlinear…

  17. 77 FR 23507 - Notice of Inventory Completion: Museum of Anthropology at Washington State University, Pullman, WA

    2012-04-19

    ... National Park Service Notice of Inventory Completion: Museum of Anthropology at Washington State University, Pullman, WA AGENCY: National Park Service, Interior. ACTION: Notice. SUMMARY: The Museum of Anthropology... appropriate Indian tribes, and has determined that there is a cultural affiliation between the human...

  18. Data of evolutionary structure change: 1CTMA-1E2WA [Confc[Archive

    Full Text Available 1CTMA-1E2WA 1CTM 1E2W A A YPIFAQQNYENPREATGRIVCANCHLASKPVDIEVPQAV...index> 1CTM A 1CTM...A ILRKE--KGGYE ure>EEEE -- EEEure> ITALSEKKGGFE ure>EE EEEure> IEKAN-GEVVV ure>EEE - EEEEure> <

  19. 75 FR 8346 - Proposed CERCLA Administrative Settlement; Anderson-Calhoun Mine and Mill Site, Leadpoint, WA

    2010-02-24

    ... AGENCY Proposed CERCLA Administrative Settlement; Anderson-Calhoun Mine and Mill Site, Leadpoint, WA... settlement for costs associated with a removal action at the Anderson-Calhoun Mine and Mill Site in Leadpoint.... Comments should reference the Anderson-Calhoun Mine and Mill Site in Leadpoint, Washington, EPA Docket...

  20. Data of evolutionary structure change: 1B5WA-2G4NF [Confc[Archive

    Full Text Available 1B5WA-2G4NF 1B5W 2G4N A F KVFERCELARTLKRLGMDGYRGISLANWMCLAKWESGYN...G HHHH -GGGG -- EVID>EVID> 0 2G4N F 2G4NF ELKDL...18 2.079693078994751 4.073005199432373 EVID>...EVID> 1 2G4N F 2G4NF

  1. Dihydroaustrasulfone Alcohol (WA-25 Impedes Macrophage Foam Cell Formation by Regulating the Transforming Growth Factor-β1 Pathway

    Yi-Chen Wang

    2015-05-01

    Full Text Available Atherosclerosis is considered an inflammatory disease. However, clinically used anti-atherosclerotic drugs, such as simvastatin, have many side effects. Recently, several unique marine compounds have been isolated that possess a variety of bioactivities. In a previous study, we found a synthetic precursor of the marine compound (austrasulfone, which is dihydroaustrasulfone alcohol (WA-25, has anti-atherosclerotic effects in vivo. However, the detailed mechanisms remain unclear. Therefore, to clarify the mechanisms through which WA-25 exerts anti-atherosclerotic activity, we used RAW 264.7 macrophages as an in vitro model to evaluate the effects of WA-25. In lipopolysaccharide (LPS-stimulated RAW 264.7 cells, WA-25 significantly inhibited expression of the pro-inflammatory proteins, inducible nitric oxide synthase (iNOS and cyclooxygenase-2 (COX-2. In contrast, simvastatin increased the COX-2 expression compared to WA-25. In addition, WA-25 impedes foam cell formation and up-regulated the lysosomal and cyclic adenosine monophosphate (cAMP signaling pathway. We also observed that transforming growth factor β1 (TGF-β1 was up-regulated by WA-25 and simvastatin in LPS-induced RAW 264.7 cells, and the promising anti-atherosclerosis effects of WA-25 were disrupted by blockade of TGF-β1 signaling. Besides, WA-25 might act through increasing lipolysis than through alteration of lipid export. Taken together, these data demonstrate that WA-25 may have potential as an anti-atherosclerotic drug with anti-inflammatory effects.

  2. Water Accounting Plus (WA+) - a water accounting procedure for complex river basins based on satellite measurements

    Karimi, P.; Bastiaanssen, W. G. M.; Molden, D.

    2013-07-01

    Coping with water scarcity and growing competition for water among different sectors requires proper water management strategies and decision processes. A pre-requisite is a clear understanding of the basin hydrological processes, manageable and unmanageable water flows, the interaction with land use and opportunities to mitigate the negative effects and increase the benefits of water depletion on society. Currently, water professionals do not have a common framework that links depletion to user groups of water and their benefits. The absence of a standard hydrological and water management summary is causing confusion and wrong decisions. The non-availability of water flow data is one of the underpinning reasons for not having operational water accounting systems for river basins in place. In this paper, we introduce Water Accounting Plus (WA+), which is a new framework designed to provide explicit spatial information on water depletion and net withdrawal processes in complex river basins. The influence of land use and landscape evapotranspiration on the water cycle is described explicitly by defining land use groups with common characteristics. WA+ presents four sheets including (i) a resource base sheet, (ii) an evapotranspiration sheet, (iii) a productivity sheet, and (iv) a withdrawal sheet. Every sheet encompasses a set of indicators that summarise the overall water resources situation. The impact of external (e.g., climate change) and internal influences (e.g., infrastructure building) can be estimated by studying the changes in these WA+ indicators. Satellite measurements can be used to acquire a vast amount of required data but is not a precondition for implementing WA+ framework. Data from hydrological models and water allocation models can also be used as inputs to WA+.

  3. Wa Wa We Wa! / Siim Nestor

    Nestor, Siim, 1974-

    2006-01-01

    Briti koomik Sacha Baron Cohen ja tema loodud peategelasega film "Borat - kultuurialased õppetunnid Ameerikast abiks suursuguse Kasahstani riigi ülesehitamisel", režissöör Larry Charles : Ameerika Ühendriigid 2006. Lisaks "Seigad Coheni elust"

  4. Effects of long-term developmental patterns of adiposity on levels of C-reactive protein and fibrinogen among North-American men and women: the Spokane Heart Study.

    Hoekstra, Trynke; Barbosa-Leiker, Celestina; Wright, Bruce R; Twisk, Jos W R

    2014-01-01

    This study examined the heterogeneity in BMI development by identifying distinct developmental trajectories. These trajectories were further investigated by relating them to markers of low-grade inflammation later in life. Data from approximately 400 healthy volunteers participating in the Spokane Heart Study were collected in 2-year intervals, and four waves of data were available for the current analyses. Body weight was measured by BMI and low-grade inflammation by high-sensitivity C-reactive protein (CRP) and fibrinogen. Up to date statistical techniques, i.e., latent class growth models, were used to analyse heterogeneity in body weight, and linear regressions were run to analyse possible associations between trajectories of body weight and CRP/fibrinogen levels. Six trajectories were identified (three stable, two increasing, and one decreasing) which differed significantly on CRP/fibrinogen levels, highlighting the importance of weight trajectories. The differences were only partly explained by variations in lifestyle habits.

  5. Effects of Long-Term Developmental Patterns of Adiposity on Levels of C-Reactive Protein and Fibrinogen among North-American Men and Women: The Spokane Heart Study

    Trynke Hoekstra

    2014-06-01

    Full Text Available This study examined the heterogeneity in BMI development by identifying distinct developmental trajectories. These trajectories were further investigated by relating them to markers of low-grade inflammation later in life. Data from approximately 400 healthy volunteers participating in the Spokane Heart Study were collected in 2-year intervals, and four waves of data were available for the current analyses. Body weight was measured by BMI and low-grade inflammation by high-sensitivity C-reactive protein (CRP and fibrinogen. Up to date statistical techniques, i.e. latent class growth models, were used to analyse heterogeneity in body weight, and linear regressions were run to analyse possible associations between trajectories of body weight and CRP/fibrinogen levels. Six trajectories were identified (three stable, two increasing, and one decreasing which differed significantly on CRP/fibrinogen levels, highlighting the importance of weight trajectories. The differences were only partly explained by variations in lifestyle habits.

  6. Testing Buda-Lund hydro model on particle correlations and spectra in NA44, WA93 and WA98 heavy ion experiments

    Ster, A; Lörstad, B

    1999-01-01

    Analytic and numerical approximations to a hydrodynamical model describing longitudinally expanding, cylindrically symmetric, finite systems are fitted to preliminary NA44 data measured in 200 AGeV central $S + Pb$ reactions. The model describes the measured spectra and HBT radii of pions, kaons and protons, simultaneously. The source is characterized by a central freeze-out temperature of T_0 = 154 +/- 8 +/- 11 MeV, a "surface" temperature of T_r = 107 +/- 28 +/- 18 MeV and by a well-developed transverse flow, = 0.53 +/- 0.17 +/- 0.11. The transverse geometrical radius and the mean freeze-out time are found to be R_G = 5.4 +/- 0.9 +/- 0.7 fm and tau_0 = 5.1 +/- 0.3 +/- 0.3 fm/c, respectively. Fits to preliminary WA93 200 AGeV S + Au and WA98 158 AGeV Pb + Pb data dominated by pions indicate similar model parameters. The absolute normalization of the measured particle spectra together with the experimental determination of both the statistical and the systematic errors were needed to obtain successful fits.

  7. 78 FR 39591 - Drawbridge Operation Regulation; Lake Washington Ship Canal at Seattle, WA

    2013-07-02

    ...The Coast Guard has issued a temporary deviation from the operating schedule that governs three Seattle Department of Transportation (SDOT) bridges: The Ballard Bridge, mile 1.1, the Fremont Bridge, mile 2.6, and the University Bridge, mile 4.3, all crossing the Lake Washington Ship Canal at Seattle, WA. The deviation is necessary to accommodate heavier than normal roadway traffic associated......

  8. 77 FR 25079 - Drawbridge Operation Regulation; Lake Washington Ship Canal, Seattle, WA

    2012-04-27

    ...The Coast Guard has issued a temporary deviation from the operating schedule that governs the Montlake Bridge across the Lake Washington Ship Canal, mile 5.2, at Seattle, WA. This deviation is necessary to accommodate the Beat the Bridge charity foot race scheduled for Sunday, May 20, 2012. This deviation allows the bridge to remain in the closed position to allow safe movement of event......

  9. 77 FR 25590 - Drawbridge Operation Regulation; Lake Washington Ship Canal, Seattle, WA

    2012-05-01

    ...The Coast Guard has issued a temporary deviation from the operating schedule that governs University Bridge across the Lake Washington Ship Canal, mile 4.3, at Seattle, WA. This deviation is necessary to accommodate the Beat the Bridge charity foot race scheduled for Sunday, May 20, 2012. This deviation allows the bridge to remain in the closed position to allow safe movement of event......

  10. 78 FR 40960 - Drawbridge Operation Regulation; Lake Washington Ship Canal at Seattle, WA

    2013-07-09

    ...The Coast Guard has issued a temporary deviation from the operating schedule that governs two Seattle Department of Transportation (SDOT) bridges: The Fremont Bridge, mile 2.6, and the University Bridge, mile 4.3, all crossing the Lake Washington Ship Canal at Seattle, WA. The deviation is necessary to accommodate the ``See Jane Run Women's Half Marathon.'' This deviation allows the bridges to......

  11. 77 FR 26699 - Safety Zone; Coast Guard Exercise, Hood Canal, WA

    2012-05-07

    ...The Coast Guard is establishing a temporary safety zone around vessels involved in a Coast Guard Ready for Operations exercise in Hood Canal, WA that will take place between May 08, 2012 and May 10, 2012. A safety zone is necessary to ensure the safety of the maritime public during the exercise and will do so by prohibiting any person or vessel from entering or remaining in the safety zone......

  12. 76 FR 70649 - Safety Zone; Department of Defense Exercise, Hood Canal, WA

    2011-11-15

    ...The Coast Guard is establishing a temporary safety zone around vessels involved in a Department of Defense exercise in Hood Canal, WA that will take place on November 21, 2011. A safety zone is necessary to ensure the safety of the maritime public during the exercise. The zone will do so by prohibiting any person or vessel from entering or remaining in the safety zone unless authorized by the......

  13. Yearly progress report on WA105/ProtoDUNE dual-phase (2017)

    Aimard, B

    2017-01-01

    WA105/ProtoDUNE dual-phase aims at fully demonstrating the concept of a very large dual-phase LAr TPC and calibrating it with a charged particles test beam, in view of the application of this detector design for the construction of DUNE 10 kton far detector modules. In this document we report the general progress of the dual-phase experimental activities at CERN since the last SPSC yearly report.

  14. Wenatchee River steelhead reproductive success - Estimate the relative reproductive success of hatchery and wild steelhead in the Wenatchee River, WA

    National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, Department of Commerce — This project uses genetic parentage analysis to estimate the relative reproductive success of hatchery and wild steelhead spawning in the Wenatchee River, WA. The...

  15. Entre lapas: primera valoración de los restos de origen marino del yacimiento holoceno de J3 (Hondarribia, País Vasco

    ÁLVAREZ-FERNÁNDEZ, E., IRIARTE-CHIAPUSSO, M.J., ARRIZABALAGA, A., BARRERA-MELLADO, I., CARRIOL, R.P. ...

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available Uno de los yacimientos prehistóricos más importantes documentados en la Sierra de Jaizkibel es J3. Situado a tan solo 200 m de la costa, en este abrigo se han excavado diferentes niveles arqueológicos datados a comienzos del Holoceno (Mesolítico. En los niveles B, C, D y F se documentaron enormes acumulaciones de conchas, lo que hace que el yacimiento sea considerado como un “conchero” estratificado. Calculamos que, en el sondeo realizado (ca. 1,5 m2, el número de restos podría alcanzar el medio millón. En este artículo presentamos los primeros datos sobre la explotación de recursos marinos procedentes de J3. Se ha estudiado una muestra del yacimiento. En los cuatro niveles la composición arqueofaunística es similar. Los restos más abundantes son las conchas de gasterópodos (casi exclusivamente lapas, Phorcus lineatus. También hay evidencias de crustáceos (placas de percebes y de balanos, de equinodermos (erizos y de peces (espáridos. La presencia de estos restos arqueofaunísticos en J3 indica que los grupos humanos marisqueaban diferentes animales marinos en la zona intermareal cercana al yacimiento.

  16. 12CO J=2-1 and 12CO J=3-2 observations toward the high-mass protostellar candidate IRAS 20188+3928

    Jin-Long Xu; Jun-Jie Wang

    2013-01-01

    We have carried out observations of 12CO J=2-1 and 12CO J=3-2 to-ward the high-mass protostellar candidate IRAS 20188+3928.Compared with previous observations,the 12CO J=2-1 and 12CO J=3-2 lines both have asymmetric profiles with an absorption dip.The velocity of the absorption dip is ~ 1.0 km s-1.The spectral shape may be caused by rotation.The velocity-integrated intensity map and position-velocity diagram of the 12CO J=2-1 line present an obvious bipolar component,further verifying that this region has an outflow motion.This region is also associated with an HII region,an IRAS source,and an H2O maser.The H2O maser has the velocity of 1.1 km s-1.Compared with the components of the outflow,we find that the H2O maser is not associated with the outflow.Using the large velocity gradient model,we concluded that possible averaged gas densities of the blueshifted lobe and redshifted lobe are 1.0× 105 cm-3 and 2.0× 104 cm-3,while kinetic temperatures are 26.9 K and 52.9 K,respectively.Additionally,the outflow has a higher integrated intensity ratio (ICO J=3-2/ICO J=2-1).

  17. Distinguishing the genotype 1 genes and proteins of human Wa-like rotaviruses vs. porcine rotaviruses.

    Silva, Fernanda D F; Gregori, F; McDonald, Sarah M

    2016-09-01

    Group A rotaviruses (RVAs) are 11-segmented, double-stranded RNA viruses and important causes of gastroenteritis in the young of many animal species. Previous studies have suggested that human Wa-like RVAs share a close evolutionary relationship with porcine RVAs. Specifically, the VP1-VP3 and NSP2-5/6 genes of these viruses are usually classified as genotype 1 with >81% nucleotide sequence identity. Yet, it remains unknown whether the genotype 1 genes and proteins of human Wa-like strains are distinguishable from those of porcine strains. To investigate this, we performed comprehensive bioinformatic analyses using all known genotype 1 gene sequences. The RVAs analyzed represent wildtype strains isolated from humans or pigs at various geographical locations during the years of 2004-2013, including 11 newly-sequenced porcine RVAs from Brazil. We also analyzed archival strains that were isolated during the years of 1977-1992 as well as atypical strains involved in inter-species transmission between humans and pigs. We found that, in general, the genotype 1 genes of typical modern human Wa-like RVAs clustered together in phylogenetic trees and were separate from those of typical modern porcine RVAs. The only exception was for the NSP5/6 gene, which showed no host-specific phylogenetic clustering. Using amino acid sequence alignments, we identified 34 positions that differentiated the VP1-VP3, NSP2, and NSP3 genotype 1 proteins of typical modern human Wa-like RVAs versus typical modern porcine RVAs and documented how these positions vary in the archival/unusual isolates. No host-specific amino acid positions were identified for NSP4, NSP5, or NSP6. Altogether, the results of this study support the notion that human Wa-like RVAs and porcine RVAs are evolutionarily related, but indicate that some of their genotype 1 genes and proteins have diverged over time possibly as a reflection of sequestered replication and protein co-adaptation in their respective hosts.

  18. Entre lapas: primera valoración de los restos de origen marino del yacimiento holoceno de J3 (Hondarribia, País Vasco)

    Álvarez-Fernández, E.

    2014-01-01

    Uno de los yacimientos prehistóricos más importantes documentados en la Sierra de Jaizkibel es J3. Situado a tan solo 200 m de la costa, en este abrigo se han excavado diferentes niveles arqueológicos datados a comienzos del Holoceno (Mesolítico). En los niveles B, C, D y F se documentaron enormes acumulaciones de conchas, lo que hace que el yacimiento sea considerado como un conchero estratificado. Calculamos que, en el sondeo realizado (ca. 1,5 m2), el número de restos podría alcanzar el me...

  19. A Case Study of the Cultural Ecological Protection in Wa Ethnical Willage, Wengding

    Hua Fan

    2014-12-01

    Full Text Available How to survive in the context of new developments is a major problem confronting minority nationality cultures in the process of modernization. This paper is a case study of Wongding,an aboriginal Wa minority nationality culture village listed among the first group of intangible culture units in China’s Yunnan Province. The research emphasizes giving balanced attention to both protection and development, focusing on the living inheritance of culture in community life and the development of cultural tourism by utilizing the market platform and diverse forces to promote the development of minority nationality cultures.

  20. High Excitation Molecular Gas in the Galactic Center Loops; 12CO(J =2-1 and J =3-2) Observations

    Kudo, Natsuko; Machida, Mami; Davis, Timothy A; Tsutsumi, Kazuki; Fujishita, Motusuji; Moribe, Nayuta; Yamamoto, Hiroaki; Okuda, Takeshi; Kawamura, Akiko; Mizuno, Norikazu; Onishi, Toshikazu; Maezawa, Hiroyuki; Mizuno, Akira; Tanaka, Kunihiko; Yamaguchi, Nobuyuki; Ezawa, Hajime; Takahashi, Kunio; Nozawa, Satoshi; Matsumoto, Ryoji; Fukui, Yasuo

    2010-01-01

    We have carried out 12CO(J =2-1) and 12CO(J =3-2) observations at spatial resolutions of 1.0-3.8 pc toward the entirety of loops 1 and 2 and part of loop 3 in the Galactic center with NANTEN2 and ASTE. These new results revealed detailed distributions of the molecular gas and the line intensity ratio of the two transitions, R3-2/2-1. In the three loops, R3-2/2-1 is in a range from 0.1 to 2.5 with a peak at ~ 0.7 while that in the disk molecular gas is in a range from 0.1 to 1.2 with a peak at 0.4. This supports that the loops are more highly excited than the disk molecular gas. An LVG analysis of three transitions, 12CO J =3-2 and 2-1 and 13CO J =2-1, toward six positions in loops 1 and 2 shows density and temperature are in a range 102.2 - 104.7 cm-3 and 15-100 K or higher, respectively. Three regions extended by 50-100 pc in the loops tend to have higher excitation conditions as characterized by R3-2/2-1 greater than 1.2. The highest ratio of 2.5 is found in the most developed foot points between loops 1 an...

  1. Summary of information on synthetic organic compounds and trace elements in tissue of aquatic biota, Clark Fork-Pend Oreille and Spokane River basins, Montana, Idaho, and Washington, 1974-96

    Maret, Terry R.; Dutton, DeAnn M.

    1999-01-01

    As part of the Northern Rockies Intermontane Basins study of the National Water-Quality Assessment Program, data collected between 1974 and 1996 were compiled to describe contaminants in tissue of riverine species. Tissue-contaminant data from 11 monitoring programs and studies representing 28 sites in the study area were summarized. Tissue-contaminant data for most streams generally were lacking. Many studies have focused on and around mining-affected areas on the Clark Fork and Coeur d'Alene Rivers and their major tributaries. DDT and PCBs and their metabolites and congeners were the synthetic organic contaminants most commonly detected in fish tissue. Fish collected from the Spokane River in Washington contained elevated concentrations of PCB arochlors, some of which exceeded guidelines for the protection of human health and predatory wildlife. Tissue samples of fish from the Flathead River watershed contained higher-than-expected concentrations of PCBs, which might have resulted from atmospheric transport. Trace element concentrations in fish and macroinvertebrates collected in and around mining areas were elevated compared with background concentrations. Some cadmium, copper, lead, and mercury concentrations in fish tissue were elevated compared with results from other studies, and some exceeded guidelines. Macroinvertebrates from the Coeur d'Alene River contained higher concentrations of cadmium, lead, and zinc than did macroinvertebrates from other river systems in mining-affected areas. A few sportfish fillet samples, most from the Spokane River in Washington, were collected to assess human health risk. Concentrations of PCBs in these fillets exceeded screening values for the protection of human health. At present, there is no coordinated, long-term fish tissue monitoring program for rivers in the study area, even though contaminants are present in fish at levels considered a threat to human health. Development of a coordinated, centralized national data

  2. Wa re o Bona e Hlot�a, wa e Namet�a Thaba! Bibele, Basadi ba Maafrika ba Afrika-Borwa le HIV le AIDS

    Madipoane Masenya(ngwan�a Mphahlele

    2010-03-01

    Full Text Available The question of the history of the reception of the Christian Bible in South Africa particularly by African- South Africans has not been a smooth ride. It was part of a bigger package that included among others, the importation of European patriarchy onto African soil, the land grabbing exercise which resulted in among others, the impoverishment of African peoples and, the emasculation of the African man. The latter in turn led to the intensification of patriarchy within the average African family. The preceding situation, was not helpful to the context and/or situation of African women who were already then, at the bottom of the patriarchal ladder, because, as can be expected, within the context of the Black church and theology then, little if any except for a handful of liberation theologians and members of some ecumenical bodies, was done to make the theology propagated then, relevant to pertinent issues which affected the lives of Black people.Given the historical marginalisation of women in the Bible and Theology, not only in South Africa, but also globally, it becomes obvious that even in our context, mainstream theology and biblical hermeneutics left issues pertaining to gender justice basically untouched. It is no wonder, as we will argue in this paper, that given that already vulnerable situation into which African women have been thrown into by the preceding factors as well as by how the Bible continues to be used in our HIV and AIDS contexts, their situation may be succinctly captured as that of a limping animal that has been made to climb the mountain! The Northern Sotho proverb or saying: Wa re o bona e hlot�a, wa e namet�a thaba (while limping, you let it climb the mountain simply means that a certain situation is being aggravated (by an external factor. The present article will use the preceding proverb as a hermeneutical lens through which to analyse the reception of the Bible by African women in the HIV and AIDS context of

  3. Which came first: the pumice or the obsidian? Complex degassing transitions during the 114ka trachytic Pu'u Wa'aWa'a eruption (Hawaii)

    Hammer, J. E.; Shea, T.; Hellebrand, E.

    2012-12-01

    Fragmental obsidian clasts are highly correlated with coeval pumice in eruptions that produce obsidian (e.g., Lipari, Aeolian Islands; Little Glass Mountain, California; Mono-Inyo chain, California; Taupo, New Zealand), implying that at least some magma is able to degas quiescently prior to or during the explosive stage of an eruption. However, gross stratigraphic relationships reveal a consistent pattern of explosive activity transitioning to effusive activity (e.g., obsidian flows), suggesting subsurface stratification of magmatic volatiles. A prevailing conceptual model of obsidian formation reconciles these observations through (1) formation of dense glassy material by collapse of vesicles in bubbly magma, occuring in the shallow conduit or at the surface, (2) subsequent ascent of gas-rich magma and fragmentation/assimilation of the previously-emplaced obsidian clasts, followed by (3) transition to dominantly effusive eruptive activity. The Pu'u Wa'aWa'a trachytic pumice cone is unique feature in the Hawaii island volcanic landscape, otherwise dominated by basaltic lava. Around 114 ka, a pulsating explosive eruption at Hualalai Volcano expelled trachytic pumice, forming a ~150-200 m high cone. This phase was immediately followed by the outpouring of a large trachyte flow (the most voluminous silicic lava flow identified in Hawaii ~5 km3), identical in bulk composition to the pumice. The tephra deposits of the cone contain abundant obsidian clasts, as well as pyroclasts bearing striking gradual textural transitions and discretely banded pumiceous, scoriaceous and aphanitic material. The intricate variations in glass H2O contents (measured by microRaman), microlite and vesicle abundances (textural analysis), along with the chemical traits (EMPA) displayed by glasses from the diverse textural end-members suggest a complex ascent and eruption history. We test three hypotheses: (a) the obsidian clasts formed during ascent, stalling and outgassing of the magma (i

  4. Assessment of encroachment of urban streams in Ghana: a case study of Wa Municipality

    Raymond Aabeyir

    2014-02-01

    Full Text Available This paper assessed encroachment of streams due to physical development in Wa Urban Area of the Upper West Region of Ghana. The assessment was informed by the recognition that the roles played by streams in flood control are undermined by physical developments. This affects sustainable urban development and renders the urban area vulnerable to floods. The assessment was based on the 300m buffer zone standard set by the Ghana Water Resources Commission as a protective zone for such streams in the country. It is mandatory to offset all physical development from this zone but that is not the situation on the ground. For the purpose of this study each buffer zone was divided into sub-buffer zones of 100m in order to appreciate how far development has moved into the prohibited buffer zone. The streams and physical structures were mapped with a Trimble GPS receiver while land owners and tenants were purposively selected and interviewed. The buffer zone and sub-buffer zones were defined using GIS and overlaid with map of the physical structures. The categories of structures found in the buffer zones were residential (93.4 %, commercial (5.1%, public (1.3% and agriculture (0.2%. The results of the study indicates that more than 50 % of physical structures mapped are located in the inner buffer and the land acquisition process for development of these structures amongst others in Wa is mostly initiated by developers.

  5. Flow analysis with WaSiM-ETH – model parameter sensitivity at different scales

    J. Cullmann

    2006-01-01

    Full Text Available WaSiM-ETH (Gurtz et al., 2001, a widely used water balance simulation model, is tested for its suitability to serve for flow analysis in the context of rainfall runoff modelling and flood forecasting. In this paper, special focus is on the resolution of the process domain in space as well as in time. We try to couple model runs with different calculation time steps in order to reduce the effort arising from calculating the whole flow hydrograph at the hourly time step. We aim at modelling on the daily time step for water balance purposes, switching to the hourly time step whenever high-resolution information is necessary (flood forecasting. WaSiM-ETH is used at different grid resolutions, thus we try to become clear about being able to transfer the model in spatial resolution. We further use two different approaches for the overland flow time calculation within the sub-basins of the test watershed to gain insights about the process dynamics portrayed by the model. Our findings indicate that the model is very sensitive to time and space resolution and cannot be transferred across scales without recalibration.

  6. Land cover dynamics in Wa Municipality, Upper West Region of Ghana

    M.S. Aduah

    2012-06-01

    Full Text Available Land cover change is pervasive in urban areas and can destabilise the ecosystem with negative consequences. To manage land effectively and to protect its cover, there is the need for a reliable inventory. GIS and remote sensing technology has become a standard in producing land cover maps worldwide. Therefore, in this study GIS and remote sensing was used to map the land cover of Wa Municipality of the Upper West Region of Ghana. Two Landsat 5 images of 1986 and 2011 were used. The images were pre-processed, subset to the study area and classified using the maximum likelihood classification algorithm. The map accuracies for the classes of interest; built-up, bare land and vegetation were not less than 70%. The land cover maps generated indicated that built-up area has increased by 34% whiles total size of bare land has increased by 47% from 1986 to 2011.These increases have reduced the total area of vegetated land by 10%. Therefore, if the current rate of degradation is not controlled, biodiversity of Wa and its surrounding areas would be lost in the near future. Also the degradation can intensify floods and droughts and other effects of climate change. The current study has demonstrated the effectiveness of GIS and remote sensing in studying environmental changes taking place in semi-arid regions. The application of remote sensing technologies should be intensified especially in the developing world to continue to provide vital data needed to manage the environment in a sustainable manner.

  7. Etos Kerja Pengikut Tarekat Qâdirîyah wa Naqshabandîyah

    Moh. Saifullah

    2015-10-01

    Full Text Available This article examines the dimensions of Sufism doctrines adhered by the followers of tarekat Qâdiriyya wa Naqshbandiyya at pesantren Suryalaya Area Coordinator East Java in Surabaya. The questions to be asked are to what extent are these followers consistent in practicing the teachings of Sufism and actively engaged in socio-religious activities, and how are spiritual, material, and social life of the members of tarekat Qâdiriyya wa Naqshbandiyya Suryalaya? The study found that the teachings of Sufism practiced by the members of TQN are actually appropriate or consistent with the teachings of Islam. Therefore, it is not true for anyone to understand that Sufism doctrines can weaken people’s work ethic and make them poor and backward. This is because Sufism is, basically, able to strengthen the work ethic and spirit. In other words, people who engage in certain tarekat would be regarded as having misunderstanding toward its doctrines when they become spiritless, lazy, and undisciplined.

  8. Data from SILAC-based quantitative analysis of lysates from mouse microglial cells treated with Withaferin A (WA

    Malathi Narayan

    2016-06-01

    Full Text Available Mass spectrometry data collected in a study analyzing the effect of withaferin A (WA on a mouse microglial (N9 cell line is presented in this article. Data was collected from SILAC-based quantitative analysis of lysates from mouse microglial cells treated with either WA or DMSO vehicle control. This article reports all the proteins that were identified in this analysis. The data presented here is related to the published research article on the effect of WA on the differential regulation of proteins in mouse microglial cells [1]. Mass spectrometry data has also been deposited in the ProteomeXchange with the identifier http://www.ebi.ac.uk/pride/archive/projects/PXD003032.

  9. Extremely Strong ^{13}CO J=3-2 Line in the "Water Fountain" IRAS 16342-3814: Evidence for the Hot-Bottom Burning

    Imai, Hiroshi; He, Jin-Hua; Nakashima, Jun-ichi; Hsia, Chih-Hao; Sakai, Takeshi; Deguchi, Shuji; Koning, Nico

    2012-01-01

    We observed four "water fountain" sources in the CO J=3-2 line emission with the Atacama Submillimeter Telescope Experiment (ASTE) 10 m telescope in 2010-2011. The water fountain sources are evolved stars that form high-velocity collimated jets traced by water maser emission. The CO line was detected only from IRAS 16342-3814. The present work confirmed that the ^{12}CO to ^{13}CO line intensity ratio is ~1.5 at the systemic velocity. We discuss the origins of the very low ^{12}CO to ^{13}CO intensity ratio, as possible evidence for the "hot-bottom burning" in an oxygen-rich star, and the CO intensity variation in IRAS 16342-3814.

  10. O sistema médico Yawanáwa e seus especialistas: cura, poder e iniciação xamânica The Yawanáwa medical system and its specialists: healing, power, and shamanic initiation

    Laura Pérez-Gil

    2001-03-01

    Full Text Available Uma das particularidades do xamanismo Yawanáwa é a multiplicidade de termos existentes para designar seus especialistas, bem como a associação com diversas técnicas de cura e agressão, característica que lhe dá aparência heterogênea e complexa. Contudo, uma unidade subjaz a esse aspecto, já que todas essas técnicas compartilham concepções idênticas a respeito da realidade e baseiam sua eficiência nos mesmos conceitos de poder e de conhecimento. Para pesquisar a forma como o poder e o conhecimento - alicerces das práticas relacionadas com a cura - são concebidos entre os Yawanáwa, o artigo explora e analisa o processo por meio do qual o especialista os adquire: a iniciação xamânica.A wide variety of terms are used in Yawanáwa shamanism to name both healers and the relations between these specialists and techniques of healing and aggression, a characteristic that appears heterogeneous and complex. However, there is unity behind this appearance, because all the techniques are based on the same concepts of power and knowledge. To show how these ideas are conceived by the Yawanáwa, this article explores the process by which power and knowledge are acquired: shamanic initiation.

  11. 77 FR 58533 - Notice of Availability of the Draft Environmental Impact Statement for the W.A. Parish Post...

    2012-09-21

    ... Environmental Impact Statement for the W.A. Parish Post-Combustion Carbon Dioxide (CO2) Capture and... Capture and Sequestration Project, Southeastern TX AGENCY: U.S. Department of Energy (DOE). ACTION: Notice...-Combustion CO 2 Capture and Sequestration Project (Parish PCCS Project). NRG's proposed project...

  12. 78 FR 22911 - Delta Air Lines, Inc., Reservation Sales and Customer Care Call Center, Seatac, WA; Delta Air...

    2013-04-17

    ... Employment and Training Administration Delta Air Lines, Inc., Reservation Sales and Customer Care Call Center, Seatac, WA; Delta Air Lines, Inc., Reservation Sales and Customer Care Call Center, Sioux City, IA... workers and former workers of Delta Air Lines, Inc., Reservation Sales and Customer Care Call...

  13. Inactivation of Adenovirus Type 5, Rotavirus WA and Male Specific Coliphage (MS2 in Biosolids by Lime Stabilization

    Aaron B. Margolin

    2007-03-01

    Full Text Available The use of lime to reduce or eliminate pathogen content is a cost-effective treatment currently employed in many Class B biosolids production plants in the United States. A bench scale model of lime stabilization was designed to evaluate the survival of adenovirus type 5, rotavirus Wa, and the male specific bacteriophage, MS2, in various matrices. Each virus was initially evaluated independently in a reverse osmosis treated water matrix limed with an aqueous solution of calcium hydroxide for 24-hr at 22 ± 5°C. In all R/O water trials, adenovirus type 5, rotavirus Wa and MS2 were below detectable levels (<100.5 TCID50/mL and <1 PFU/mL respectively following 0.1-hr of liming. Adenovirus type 5, rotavirus Wa, and MS2, were inoculated into composted, raw and previously limed matrices, representative of sludge and biosolids, to achieve a final concentration of approximately 104 PFU or TCID50/mL. Each matrix was limed for 24-hr at 22 ± 5°C and 4 ± 2°C. In all trials virus was below detectable levels following a 24-hr incubation. The time required for viral inactivation varied depending on the temperature and sample matrix. This research demonstrates reduction of adenovirus type 5, rotavirus Wa, and male-specific bacteriophage, in water, sludge and biosolids matrices following addition of an 8% calcium hydroxide slurry to achieve a pH of 12 for 2-hr reduced to 11.5 for 22-hr by addition of 0.1 N HCl. In these trials, MS2 was a conservative indicator of the efficacy of lime stabilization of adenovirus Type 5 and rotavirus Wa and therefore is proposed as a useful indicator organism.

  14. Water Accounting Plus (WA+ – a water accounting procedure for complex river basins based on satellite measurements

    P. Karimi

    2013-07-01

    Full Text Available Coping with water scarcity and growing competition for water among different sectors requires proper water management strategies and decision processes. A pre-requisite is a clear understanding of the basin hydrological processes, manageable and unmanageable water flows, the interaction with land use and opportunities to mitigate the negative effects and increase the benefits of water depletion on society. Currently, water professionals do not have a common framework that links depletion to user groups of water and their benefits. The absence of a standard hydrological and water management summary is causing confusion and wrong decisions. The non-availability of water flow data is one of the underpinning reasons for not having operational water accounting systems for river basins in place. In this paper, we introduce Water Accounting Plus (WA+, which is a new framework designed to provide explicit spatial information on water depletion and net withdrawal processes in complex river basins. The influence of land use and landscape evapotranspiration on the water cycle is described explicitly by defining land use groups with common characteristics. WA+ presents four sheets including (i a resource base sheet, (ii an evapotranspiration sheet, (iii a productivity sheet, and (iv a withdrawal sheet. Every sheet encompasses a set of indicators that summarise the overall water resources situation. The impact of external (e.g., climate change and internal influences (e.g., infrastructure building can be estimated by studying the changes in these WA+ indicators. Satellite measurements can be used to acquire a vast amount of required data but is not a precondition for implementing WA+ framework. Data from hydrological models and water allocation models can also be used as inputs to WA+.

  15. Water Accounting Plus (WA+ – a water accounting procedure for complex river basins based on satellite measurements

    D. Molden

    2012-11-01

    Full Text Available Coping with the issue of water scarcity and growing competition for water among different sectors requires proper water management strategies and decision processes. A pre-requisite is a clear understanding of the basin hydrological processes, manageable and unmanageable water flows, the interaction with land use and opportunities to mitigate the negative effects and increase the benefits of water depletion on society. Currently, water professionals do not have a common framework that links hydrological flows to user groups of water and their benefits. The absence of a standard hydrological and water management summary is causing confusion and wrong decisions. The non-availability of water flow data is one of the underpinning reasons for not having operational water accounting systems for river basins in place. In this paper we introduce Water Accounting Plus (WA+, which is a new framework designed to provide explicit spatial information on water depletion and net withdrawal processes in complex river basins. The influence of land use on the water cycle is described explicitly by defining land use groups with common characteristics. Analogous to financial accounting, WA+ presents four sheets including (i a resource base sheet, (ii a consumption sheet, (iii a productivity sheet, and (iv a withdrawal sheet. Every sheet encompasses a set of indicators that summarize the overall water resources situation. The impact of external (e.g. climate change and internal influences (e.g. infrastructure building can be estimated by studying the changes in these WA+ indicators. Satellite measurements can be used for 3 out of the 4 sheets, but is not a precondition for implementing WA+ framework. Data from hydrological models and water allocation models can also be used as inputs to WA+.

  16. High resolution observations of HCN and HCO+ J=3-2 in the disk and outflow of Mrk231 -Detection of vibrationally excited HCN in the warped nucleus

    Aalto, S; Muller, S; Winters, J M; Gonzalez-Alfonso, E; van der Werf, P; Henkel, C; Costagliola, F; Neri, R

    2014-01-01

    We obtained high resolution (0."25 to 0."90) observations of HCN and HCO+ J=3-2 of the ultraluminous QSO galaxy Mrk231 with the IRAM Plateau de Bure Interferometer. We find luminous HCN and HCO+ 3-2 emission in the main disk and we detect compact (r350 pc) line wings are found for HCN 3-2 with velocities +-750 km/s. Line ratios indicate that the emission is emerging in dense gas n=1e4 - 5e5 cm-3 of elevated HCN abundance X(HCN)=1e-8 to 1e-6. High X(HCN) also allows for the emission to originate in gas of more moderate density. We tentatively detect nuclear emission from the reactive ion HOC+ with HCO+/HOC+=10-20. The HCN v2=1f line emission is consistent with the notion of a hot, dusty, warped inner disk of Mrk231 where the v2=1f line is excited by bright mid-IR 14 micron continuum. We estimate the vibrational temperature T_vib to 200-400 K. We propose that 50% of the main HCN emission may have its excitation affected by the radiation field through IR pumping of the vibrational ground state. The HCN emission ...

  17. Multistage gold mineralization in the Wa-Lawra greenstone belt, NW Ghana: The Bepkong deposit

    Amponsah, Prince Ofori; Salvi, Stefano; Didier, Béziat; Baratoux, Lenka; Siebenaller, Luc; Jessell, Mark; Nude, Prosper Mackenzie; Gyawu, Eugene Adubofour

    2016-08-01

    The Bepkong gold deposit is one of several gold camps in the Paleoproterozoic Wa-Lawra greenstone belt in northwest Ghana. These deposits lay along the Kunche-Atikpi shear zone, which is part of the larger transcurrent Jirapa shear zone. The formation of these shear zones can be attributed to the general ESE-WNW major shortening that took place in the Wa-Lawra belt. Gold mineralization in the Bepkong deposit mainly occurs within graphitic shales and volcaniclastic rocks. The ore consists of four N-S trending lenticular bodies, plunging steeply to the south, that are lithologically and structurally controlled. Their shape and thickness are variable, though a general strike length of 560 m and an overall thickness of 300 m can be defined. An alteration mineral assemblage characterises the ore, and consists of chlorite-calcite-sericite-quartz-arsenopyrite-pyrite. Pyrite, as distinct from arsenopyrite, is not limited to the altered rocks and occurs throughout the area. At Bepkong, gold is associated with arsenopyrite and pyrite, which occur disseminated in the mineralized wall rock, flanking Type-1 quartz veins, or within fractures crossing these veins. Textural observations indicate the early formation of abundant arsenopyrite, followed by pyrite, with chalcopyrite, galena, sphalerite and pyrrhotite occurring as inclusions within pyrite and altered arsenopyrite. Detailed petrography, coupled with SEM, LA-ICP-MS and EMP analyses, indicate that gold in the Bepkong deposit occurs in three distinct forms: (i) invisible gold, mostly in arsenopyrite (ii); visible gold as micron-size grains within fractures and altered rims of arsenopyrite, as well as at the interface of sulphide grains; (iii) free visible gold in fractures in quartz veins and their selvages. We interpret the invisible gold to have co-precipitated with the early-formed arsenopyrite. The small visible gold grains observed within the sulphide interfaces, altered arsenopyrite, fractures and grain boundaries

  18. Pumice in the interglacial Whidbey Formation at Blowers Bluff, central Whidbey Island, WA, USA

    Dethier, D.P.; Dragovich, J.D.; Sarna-Wojcicki, A. M.; Fleck, R.J.

    2008-01-01

    A new 40Ar/39Ar age of 128??9 ka and chemical analyses of pumice layers from interglacial alluvium at Blowers Bluff, Whidbey Island, WA, show that the deposits are part of the Whidbey Formation, a widespread, mainly subsurface unit. Glass chemistry of the dated dacitic pumice does not match any analyzed northern Cascade source, but upper Pleistocene dacites from Glacier Peak and early Pleistocene silicic rocks from the Kulshan caldera are chemically similar. The chemistry of pumiceous dacite in younger units, including the latest Pleistocene Partridge Gravel, is similar to that of the dated material. The deep troughs of the modern northern Puget lowland must have been filled during deposition of the Whidbey Formation, allowing volcanic-rich sediment to reach what is now Whidbey Island. Topographic analysis of LIDAR images demonstrates that extensive erosion occurred during latest Pleistocene ice retreat. The Partridge Gravel likely records subglacial fluvial erosion along an ice tunnel and ice-marginal deposition into adjacent marine waters. Pumice in the Partridge Gravel probably was reworked from stratigraphically and topographically lower deposits, including those at Blowers Bluff. ?? 2007 Elsevier Ltd and INQUA.

  19. Action-projection in Japanese conversation: Topic particles wa, mo and tte for triggering categorization activities

    Hiroko eTanaka

    2015-08-01

    Full Text Available Conversation analytic work has revealed how anticipatory completions and preemptive actions can offer invaluable glimpses into the cognitive, contextual, grammatical and temporal bases of projectability in turn-taking, by virtue of their potential not only as a display of participants’ online prediction of roughly what it might take to complete a turn-in-progress but also to plan the next move. While the predicate-final word order and the incremental transformability of turns in Japanese generally lead to delayed projectability of turn-endings, this may be partially offset by the capacity of certain postpositional particles to trigger and propel prospective action trajectories. This article engages in a case study of the topic particle wa (and related particles mo and tte, by demonstrating how its grammatical affordances, the categorization activities and cognitive processing it can set in motion, coupled with the immediate contextual and temporal-productional features may coalesce to a point of critical mass, thereby enhancing the projectability of the not-yet-produced trajectory of the current turn. The discussion attempts to contribute to recent debates on ways language-specific lexicogrammatical resources are deeply interlinked with the types of opportunities that are provided for social action.

  20. Action-projection in Japanese conversation: topic particles wa, mo, and tte for triggering categorization activities.

    Tanaka, Hiroko

    2015-01-01

    Conversation analytic work has revealed how anticipatory completions and preemptive actions can offer invaluable glimpses into the cognitive, contextual, grammatical, and temporal bases of projectability in turn-taking, by virtue of their potential not only as a display of participants' online prediction of roughly what it might take to complete a turn-in-progress but also to plan the next move. While the predicate-final word order and the incremental transformability of turns in Japanese generally lead to delayed projectability of turn-endings, this may be partially offset by the capacity of certain postpositional particles to trigger and propel prospective action trajectories. This article engages in a case study of the topic particle wa (and related particles mo and tte), by demonstrating how its grammatical affordances, the categorization activities, and cognitive processing it can set in motion, coupled with the immediate contextual, and temporal-productional features may coalesce to a point of critical mass, thereby enhancing the projectability of the not-yet-produced trajectory of the current turn. The discussion attempts to contribute to recent debates on ways language-specific lexicogrammatical resources are deeply interlinked with the types of opportunities that are provided for social action.

  1. 论《李娃传》的张力%The Tension of Biography of Li Wa

    刘笑雨

    2014-01-01

    At present,there still exist many disputes in the research of Biography of Li Wa,such as Li Wa's characteristics,the theme of the works,the relationship between the ending and theme of the story. This paper starts from the tension theory to conduct the research of BiographyofLiWa. Its unique beauty is narrated from four aspects:the characters,the relationship,the theme,the aesthetic. It is the character, theme and aesthetic closely linked to each other that Biography of Li Wa has received great receptive tension. And that makes the readers have more psychological experience,value judgment and aesthetic enjoyment.%在《李娃传》研究中,学界对诸如李娃的性格特征、作品的主题意蕴、结局与主题的关系等问题尚存在着诸多争议。本文依据张力理论,从人物自身、人物关系、主题思想及审美意蕴四方面分析了《李娃传》独特的张力美。正是由于人物、主题、审美中截然不同的旋律完美地交织在一起,使《李娃传》有了巨大的接受张力,也使读者获得了多层的心理体验、价值判断和审美享受。

  2. The reconstructed final state of Pb + Pb 158 AGeV reactions from spectra and correlation data of NA49, NA44 and WA98

    Ster, A; Lörstad, B; Ster, Andras; Csorgo, Tamas; Lorstad, Bengt

    1999-01-01

    The final state of Pb + Pb reactions at CERN SPS has been reconstructed with the Buda-Lund hydro model, by performing a simultaneous fit to NA49, NA44 and WA98 data on particle correlations and spectra.

  3. WA1ms: A ∼2.61 Ga muscovite standard for 40Ar/39Ar dating

    Jourdan, Fred; Frew, Adam; Joly, Aurore; Mayers, Celia; Evans, Noreen J.

    2014-09-01

    The 40Ar/39Ar dating technique requires the use of neutron fluence monitors (standards) to allow calculation of the age of a sample. Precise calibration of these standards is crucial to obtaining accurate ages and decreasing the uncertainties associated with 40Ar/39Ar dates. Few fully intercalibrated 40Ar/39Ar standards with a sufficient total fusion grain-to-grain reproducibility are currently in use in the argon community. For Precambrian samples, only Hb3gr hornblende (∼1.08 Ga) yields sufficient grain-to-grain reproducibility and has an appropriate age for acceptable argon isotopic ratio measurements. Here, we present chemical and intercalibration results for a new ∼2.61 Ga standard. WA1ms is a muscovite extracted from an Archaean shear zone in the Lake Johnston greenstone belt, Western Australia. In situ trace element analysis by ELA-ICPMS revealed consistent K contents, subtle zonation and intra-grain and grain-to-grain heterogeneities in Rb, Sr, Ti, and Fe but a lack of mineral inclusions.WA1ms has been investigated over 3 irradiations ranging from 25 to 40 h, in two reactors, with several disc positions and three grains sizes and has been calibrated against FCs and GA1550, and Hb3gr. Overall, we carried out 48 total fusion and 4 step-heating experiments of WA1ms crystals. Flat age spectra and average F-value (40Ar∗/39ArK) relative standard deviations ranging from of 0.43% to 0.60% (P = 0.15-0.83) for 47/48 analyses demonstrate the reproducibility of WA1ms and its suitability as a reliable 40Ar/39Ar standard. We calculated R[WA1ms/FCs] = 205.59 ± 0.25, R[WA1ms/GA1550] = 57.25 ± 0.06 and R[WA1ms/Hb3gr] = 3.9713 ± 0.014 (all with P > 0.14) allowing direct comparison between WA1ms and any standards in used in the community, provided that they have been calibrated against any of the three standards used in the calibration and regardless of the age adopted for each of these standards. The recently revised decay constant values and standard ages proposed

  4. 姬松茸60Co辐射新菌株J3营养成分与农药残留分析%Analysis on Nutrients and Pesticide Residues in Strain J3 Agaricus blazei Murill Irradiated by 60Co

    翁伯琦; 江枝和; 肖淑霞; 雷锦桂; 王义祥; 唐翔虬

    2011-01-01

    通过常规生产床栽,对比研究姬松茸Co辐射新菌株J和原菌株J在营养品质以及重金属含量和农药残留情况.结果表明,姬松茸Co辐射新菌株J子实体中鲜味氨基酸总量(56.5 g·kg)、甜味氨基酸总量(52.4g·kg)、硫氨基酸总量(15.8 g·kg)、支链氨基酸总量(38.1 g·kg)、芳香族氨基酸总量(16.1 g·kg)、儿童氨基酸总量(17.8 g·kg)、必需氨基酸总量(95 g·kg),分别占氨基酸总量(221.7 g·kg)的25.48%、23.64%、7.13%、17.19%、7.26%、8.03%和42.85%,分别比姬松茸J高28.12%、12.93%、0%、14.41%、12.59%、16.34%和11.76%.J的多不饱和脂肪酸(76.15%)和不饱和脂肪酸(77.55%)分别比姬松茸原菌株J高4.39%和3.82%.J子实体含镉(3.86 mg·kg)、汞(0.42 mg·kg)和砷(0.09 mg·kg),也分别比原菌株J低45.86%、32.25%和18.18%;其铅含量符合国家食用菌卫生标准GB 7096-2003;砷含量符合国家绿色食品食用菌NY/T749-2003的标准.子实体中联苯菊酯、溴氰菊酯、百菌清、六六六、多菌灵、阿维菌素、甲基托布津、甲胺磷、毒死蜱、滴滴涕和二氧化硫含量均符合国家绿色食品食用菌NY/T 749-2003的标准.%A garicus blazei Murill as rare edible fungi was adored by more and more customers.But with the increasing attention of food hygiene quality, it was important guidance of the safety production of Agaricus blazei to understand the health status of Agaricus blazei in the actual cultivation.This paper studied the difference in terms of nutritional quality, heavy metal contents and pesticide residues between strain J3 and J1.The results showed that the contents of delicious amino acid(56.5 g· kg-1), sweet amino acid(52.4 g· kg-1), sulfur amino acid( 15.8 g·kg-1), branched chain amino acid(38.1 g· kg-1), aromatic amino acid( 16.1 g·kg-1), children amino acid( 17.8 g·kg-1), necessary amino acid (95.0 g·kg-1)in the fruit bodies ofAgaricus blazei J3, occupied 25.48%, 23.64%, 7.13%, 17.19%, 7.26

  5. Interacting coastal based ecosystem services: recreation and water quality in Puget Sound, WA.

    Jason Kreitler

    Full Text Available Coastal recreation and water quality are major contributors to human well-being in coastal regions. They can also interact, creating opportunities for ecosystem based management, ecological restoration, and water quality improvement that can positively affect people and the environment. Yet the effect of environmental quality on human behavior is often poorly quantified, but commonly assumed in coastal ecosystem service studies. To clarify this effect we investigate a water quality dataset for evidence that environmental condition partially explains variation in recreational visitation, our indicator of human behavior. In Puget Sound, WA, we investigate variation in visitation in both visitation rate and fixed effects (FE models. The visitation rate model relates the differences in annual recreational visitation among parks to environmental conditions, park characteristics, travel cost, and recreational demand. In our FE model we control for all time-invariant unobserved variables and compare monthly variation at the park level to determine how water quality affects visitation during the summer season. The results of our first model illustrate how visitation relates to various amenities and costs. In the FE analysis, monthly visitation was negatively related to water quality while controlling for monthly visitation trends. This indicates people are responding to changes in water quality, and an improvement would yield an increase in the value of recreation. Together, these results could help in prioritizing water quality improvements, could assist the creation of new parks or the modification of existing recreational infrastructure, and provide quantitative estimates for the expected benefits from potential changes in recreational visitation and water quality improvements. Our results also provide an example of how recreational visitation can be quantified and used in ecosystem service assessments.

  6. Língua, poder e identidade em Ngugi wa thiongo e Kanavillil Rajagopalan

    Dernival Venâncio Ramos

    2012-06-01

    Full Text Available Nos últimos anos, os teóricos denominados póscoloniais, como Edward Said (1995, Homi Bhabha (2001 e Stuart Hall (2003, para citar os mais conhecidos, têm se preocupado em problematizar os binarismos que geralmente vem à tona, quando o tema de discussões são as relações entre colonizadores e colonizados. A Língua é um objeto apropriadoa essa tentativa de superar estes binarismos, pois tem sido vista como um dos instrumentos de dominação colonial. Linguistas e antropólogos consideram a língua um instrumento que revela a identidade de um povo e promove a integração cultural, no presente e no passado. Neste trabalho, nos pautamos pelos argumentos de dois intelectuais póscoloniais que tratam dessa temática, o queniano Ngugi WaThiongo e o indiano Kanavillil Rajagopalan, tentando ler seus argumentos como projetos identitários. O primeiro um projeto de identidade étnico e nacional; o segundo, um projeto pós-nacional e cosmopolita. Pensamos que seus textos e posicionamentos são fundamentais para entendermos as relações entre língua, poder e cultura na segunda metade do século XX. O cenário é o contexto das relações entre as potências europeias, os povos colonizados e aqueles em processo de descolonização.

  7. Kilohoku Ho`okele Wa`a : Astronomy of the Modern Hawaiian Wayfinders

    Ha`o, Celeste; Dye, Ahia G.; Slater, Stephanie J.; Slater, Timothy F.; Baybayan, Kalepa

    2015-08-01

    This paper provides an introduction to Kilohoku Ho`okele Wa`a, the astronomy of the Hawaiian wayfinders. Rooted in a legacy of navigation across the Polynesian triangle, wayfinding astronomy has been part of a suite of skills that allows navigators to deliberately hop between the small islands of the Pacific, for thousands of years. Forty years ago, in one manifestation of the Hawaiian Renaissance, our teachers demonstrated that ancient Hawaiians were capable of traversing the wide Pacific to settle and trade on islands separated by thousands of miles. Today those same mentors train a new generation of navigators, making Hawaiian voyaging a living, evolving, sustainable endeavor. This paper presents two components of astronomical knowledge that all crewmen, but particularly those in training to become navigators, learn early in their training. Na Ohana Hoku, the Hawaiian Star Families constitute the basic units of the Hawaiian sky. In contrast to the Western system of 88 constellations, Na Ohana Hoku divides the sky into four sections that each run from the northern to the southern poles. This configuration reduces cognitive load, allowing the navigator to preserve working memory for other complex tasks. In addition, these configurations of stars support the navigator in finding and generatively using hundreds of individual, and navigationally important pairs of stars. The Hawaiian Star Compass divides the celestial sphere into a directional system that uses 32 rather than 8 cardinal points. Within the tropics, the rising and setting of celestial objects are consistent within the Hawaiian Star Compass, providing for extremely reliable direction finding. Together, Na Ohana Hoku and the Hawaiian Star Compass provide the tropical navigator with astronomical assistance that is not available to, and would have been unknown to Western navigators trained at higher latitudes.

  8. Kilohoku Ho`okele Wa`a : Astronomy of the Hawaiian Navigators

    Slater, Stephanie; Slater, Timothy F.; Baybayan, Kalepa C.

    2016-01-01

    This poster provides an introduction to the astronomy of the Hawaiian wayfinders, Kilohoku Ho`okele Wa`a. Rooted in a legacy of navigation across the Polynesian triangle, wayfinding astronomy has been part of a suite of skills that allows navigators to deliberately hop between the small islands of the Pacific, for thousands of years. Forty years ago, in one manifestation of the Hawaiian Renaissance, our teachers demonstrated that ancient Hawaiians were capable of traversing the wide Pacific to settle and trade on islands separated by thousands of miles. Today those same mentors train a new generation of navigators, making Hawaiian voyaging a living, evolving, sustainable endeavor. This poster presents two components of astronomical knowledge that all crewmen, but particularly those in training to become navigators, learn early in their training. Na Ohana Hoku, the Hawaiian Star Families constitute the basic units of the Hawaiian sky. In contrast to the Western system of 88 constellations, Na Ohana Hoku divides the sky into four sections that each run from the northern to the southern poles. This configuration reduces cognitive load, allowing the navigator to preserve working memory for other complex tasks. In addition, these configurations of stars support the navigator in finding and generatively using hundreds of individual, and navigationally important pairs of stars. The Hawaiian Star Compass divides the celestial sphere into a directional system that uses 32 rather than 8 cardinal points. Within the tropics, the rising and setting of celestial objects are consistent within the Hawaiian Star Compass, providing for extremely reliable direction finding. Together, Na Ohana Hoku and the Hawaiian Star Compass provide the tropical navigator with astronomical assistance that is not available to, and would have been unknown to Western navigators trained at higher latitudes.

  9. Arrival time and magnitude of airborne fission products from the Fukushima, Japan, reactor incident as measured in Seattle, WA, USA

    Leon, J Diaz; Knecht, A; Miller, M L; Robertson, R G H; Schubert, A G

    2011-01-01

    We report results of air monitoring started due to the recent natural catastrophe on March 11, 2011 in Japan and the severe ensuing damage to the Fukushima nuclear reactor complex. On March 17-18, 2011 we detected the first arrival of the airborne fission products 131-I, 132-I, 132-Te, 134-Cs, and 137-Cs in Seattle, WA, USA, by identifying their characteristic gamma rays using a germanium detector. The highest detected activity to date is <~32 mBq/m^3 of 131-I.

  10. ALTERNATIVAS DE INVESTIMENTOS PARA O CERTIFICADO DE DEPÓSITO AGROPECUÁRIO / WARRANT AGROPECUÁRIO (CDA/WA)

    2006-01-01

    A Lei no 11.076, de 30 de dezembro de 2004, oficializou cinco títulos de créditos que deverão ser utilizados pelo agronegócio para captar recursos privados para o seu financiamento: Certificado de Depósito Agropecuário (CDA), Warrant Agropecuário (WA), Certificados de Direitos Creditórios do Agronegócio (CDCA), Letra de Crédito do Agronegócio (LCA) e Certificado de Recebíveis do Agronegócio (CRA). Este trabalho apresenta esses novos instrumentos de financiamento e busca alternativas de invest...

  11. Extending the Coyote emulator to dark energy models with standard w0-wa parametrization of the equation of state

    Casarini, L.; Bonometto, S. A.; Tessarotto, E.; Corasaniti, P.-S.

    2016-08-01

    We discuss an extension of the Coyote emulator to predict non-linear matter power spectra of dark energy (DE) models with a scale factor dependent equation of state of the form w = w0+(1-a)wa. The extension is based on the mapping rule between non-linear spectra of DE models with constant equation of state and those with time varying one originally introduced in ref. [40]. Using a series of N-body simulations we show that the spectral equivalence is accurate to sub-percent level across the same range of modes and redshift covered by the Coyote suite. Thus, the extended emulator provides a very efficient and accurate tool to predict non-linear power spectra for DE models with w0-wa parametrization. According to the same criteria we have developed a numerical code that we have implemented in a dedicated module for the CAMB code, that can be used in combination with the Coyote Emulator in likelihood analyses of non-linear matter power spectrum measurements. All codes can be found at https://github.com/luciano-casarini/pkequal.

  12. Summary of surface-water-quality data collected for the Northern Rockies Intermontane Basins National Water-Quality Assessment Program in the Clark Fork-Pend Oreille and Spokane River basins, Montana, Idaho, and Washington, water years 1999-2001

    Beckwith, Michael A.

    2003-01-01

    Water-quality samples were collected at 10 sites in the Clark Fork-Pend Oreille and Spokane River Basins in water years 1999 – 2001 as part of the Northern Rockies Intermontane Basins (NROK) National Water-Quality Assessment (NAWQA) Program. Sampling sites were located in varied environments ranging from small streams and rivers in forested, mountainous headwater areas to large rivers draining diverse landscapes. Two sampling sites were located immediately downstream from the large lakes; five sites were located downstream from large-scale historical mining and oreprocessing areas, which are now the two largest “Superfund” (environmental remediation) sites in the Nation. Samples were collected during a wide range of streamflow conditions, more frequently during increasing and high streamflow and less frequently during receding and base-flow conditions. Sample analyses emphasized major ions, nutrients, and selected trace elements. Streamflow during the study ranged from more than 130 percent of the long-term average in 1999 at some sites to 40 percent of the long-term average in 2001. River and stream water in the study area exhibited small values for specific conductance, hardness, alkalinity, and dissolved solids. Dissolved oxygen concentrations in almost all samples were near saturation. Median total nitrogen and total phosphorus concentrations in samples from most sites were smaller than median concentrations reported for many national programs and other NAWQA Program study areas. The only exceptions were two sites downstream from large wastewater-treatment facilities, where median concentrations of total nitrogen exceeded the national median. Maximum concentrations of total phosphorus in samples from six sites exceeded the 0.1 milligram per liter threshold recommended for limiting nuisance aquatic growth. Concentrations of arsenic, cadmium, copper, lead, mercury, and zinc were largest in samples from sites downstream from historical mining and ore

  13. 对59个北天EGO天体方向上的分子云12CO J=2-1和J=3-2频谱观测研究%12CO J=2-1 and J=3-2 Line Observations of Molecular Clouds toward the Direction of 59 Extended Green Objects in the Northern Sky

    李志广; 何金华

    2014-01-01

    为了研究有大质量恒星形成的分子云与其它分子云之间的差异,对北天的59个作为大质量恒星形成区的Spitzer延展绿色天体(Extended Green Objects,简称EGOs)视线方向进行了分子云12CO J=2-1和J=3-2频谱观测,并与文献中对同一批天体方向观测得到的12CO J=1-0频谱数据合并进行分析.对与EGO天体成协的分子云(简称EGO分子云)和其它non-EGO分子云进行了CO多跃迁谱线强度和宽度的统计比较分析.在数据统计的基础上,讨论了这两类分子云的气体温度分布、密度分布、速度场分布对观测数据统计特征的影响.分析结果表明,直接决定是否有大质量恒星形成的关键因素可能并不是巨分子云的质量是否足够大,而是巨分子云的引力塌缩程度是否充分(即分子云团块的体积填充因子是否足够大).

  14. Divergence of Temperature and Wind Signals in Tree Rings at Port Angeles, WA

    Hamilton, W. L.

    2007-12-01

    At Port Angeles, WA some divergence of tree response to temperature may be explained by previously reported response of trees to wind. Near a weather station there two intermixed populations of low elevation Douglas-fir were found, of which roughly half showed positive response of annual ring width eccentricity to integrated, instrumentally measured hourly wind velocity over the same time interval and in the same direction. The other half responded negatively to the same wind along the same measurement transect azimuth. A similar result was obtained for wind when using ring width data from the downwind sides of the trees, where much of the wind signal was retained by modulation of early wood growth. This is similar to the Wilmking et al. description of divergent temperature response of transect mean ring width in high elevation trees on the Alaska Brooks Range; where a third showed positive, a third showed negative and a third had insignificant correlation with temperature. Eccentricity in Port Angeles northeast-southwest and southeast-northwest transects shows significant divergence of both wind and wind-associated temperature response from 1997 to 2001. Alternating power and lag of wind and temperature correlations with eccentricity at certain azimuths suggests that wind and temperature may operate interdependently in affecting eccentric growth. Response power and sign were highly dependent on the tree, transect azimuth and lag. Trees responded with wind azimuth resolution close to 10°, suggesting that accuracy and precision of sampling azimuth are important. Response power on most transects in most trees was usually higher at zero response lag. Eccentricity response to temperature and wind was usually of opposite sign. Northeast and southeast transect mean width showed weak, temperature-driven divergence at one-year lag. Analysis is underway back to 1982. At Port Angeles warmer winds from the Strait of Juan de Fuca flowed from the northern sector. No clear time

  15. The ideological fragmentation of Indonesian Muslim students and da’wa movements in the postreformed era

    Abdul Basit

    2016-12-01

    Full Text Available The presence of post-reformation religious organizations has influenced students’ ideology and movements. Thus, this study explains the processes of Muslim students’ ideological fragmentation and its implications to the future of students’ post-reformation movements. This study is conducted through observations and interviews to extracurricular organizational activists in Purwokerto. Reflective analysis is then conducted using primary and secondary data. Islamic ideology has many important roles, such as guidance, values, beliefs, and directions for da’wa (Islamic missionaryactivities. In its operation, Islamic ideology is fragmented into fundamental, modernist, liberal, and traditional ideology. The ideological processes are influenced by several factors, such as organization historical background, ideological relationship with social organizations, development of Islamic transnational organizations, students’ increasing demands and needs in modern era, as well as the presence of massive information media. The Implications of ideological fragmentation influence post-reformation activities performed by those Muslim students. They donot only perform religious activities by mentoring as previously performed in the new order, but also doing debate activities onIslamic theology, politics, community empowerment, global awareness,issues on humanities, and responses to the development of science and technology.The presence of ideological fragmentation may not be negatively faced andconsolidated in a single view. The most important one is how to critically and constructively maintain and develop the ideology. Munculnya berbagai organisasi keagamaan pasca reformasi memiliki dampak pada ideologi dan gerakan mahasiswa. Oleh karena itu, pada tulisan ini akan diuraikan tentang proses terjadinya fragmentasi ideologi pada mahasiswa muslim dan implikasinya terhadap masa depan gerakan mahasiswa muslim pasca reformasi. Kajian dilakukan dengan cara

  16. Three Spokane Moms Save Their School Libraries

    Whelan, Debra Lau

    2008-01-01

    In this article, the author reports on how three women saved their school libraries and created an advocacy model for all. The dynamic trio: Lisa Layera Brunkan, the great researcher with exceptional people skills, Susan McBurney, the master organizer with a Ph.D. in linguistics, and Denette Hill, the numbers lady with fantastic business acumen,…

  17. Al-‘Adl wa-l-Ihsan in Spain: A National Project for an Islamic Transnational Movement?

    Arigita, Elena

    2010-06-01

    Full Text Available The author examines recent developments in Muslim associations of Spain established by Moroccan immigrants linked to the Islamic movement al-‘Adl wa-l-Ihsan (Justice and Spirituality. By analyzing the discourse of an emerging leadership of this movement, she seeks to understand how the political commitment and spiritual bond of these activists with the Moroccan Guide both incorporate and rework elements from the dominant discourse on the necessary adaptation of Islam to Spain. Based on in-depth interviews with these leaders, she explores how the Movement’s commitment to Morocco as well as the ummah (Universal Community of Believers interact with the way these muslims perceive and position themselves in the national context of Spain.

    Se examina en este ensayo la evolución reciente de las asociaciones musulmanas en España creadas por inmigrantes marroquíes vinculados al movimiento islámico al-‘Adl wa-l-Ihsan (Justicia y Espiritualidad. Partiendo de las declaraciones de un liderazgo emergente de este movimiento en España, la autora trata de explicar cómo el compromiso político de estas personas y el vínculo espiritual con su Guía marroquí incorporan, al tiempo que reelaboran, elementos del discurso dominante sobre la necesaria adaptación del islam a España. Entrevistas en profundidad con estos activistas revelan cómo los lazos del Movimiento con Marruecos y con la umma (Comunidad universal de creyentes interactúan con el modo en el que estos musulmanes perciben y se posicionan en el contexto nacional de España.

  18. SOURCE APPORTIONMENT OF PM2.5 IN SEATTLE, WA URBAN IMPROVE SITE: COMPARISON OF THREE RECEPTOR MODELS AND SOURCE PROFILES

    IMPROVE protocol data were collected at the urban Beacon Hill monitoring site in Seattle, WA from 1996-99. The 289 sets of PM2.5 filters were analyzed for: metals using PIXIE and XRF, anions using ion chromatography, elemental hydrogen (H) by proton scattering, and elemental an...

  19. Arsenic Removal from Drinking Water by Coagulation/Filtration, U.S. EPA Demonstration Project at the City of Okanogan, WA - Final Performance Evaluation Report

    This report documents the activities performed during and the results obtained from the arsenic removal treatment technology demonstration project at the City of Okanogan, WA facility. The objectives of the project were to evaluate: (1) the effectiveness of Filtronics’ FH-13 Ele...

  20. The rock art of Mwana wa Chentcherere II rock shelter, Malawi : a site-specific study of girls' initiation rock art

    Zubieta, L.F.

    2006-01-01

    Mwana wa Chentcherere II, or Chentcherere Rock Shelter II, the name by which it was more generally known when it was excavated in 1972, is one of the largest rock painting sites in Malawi. It has been a national monument since 1972 and has been the subject of extensive archaeological research. This

  1. The Text of Conservatism: The Role of Abbas’ Ahl al-Sunnah wa al-Jamā‘ah in Underpinning Acehnese Current Religious Violence

    Saifuddin Dhuhri

    2016-07-01

    Full Text Available Considerable studies have been undertaken on Islamic sects and radicalisation. There is, however, little work on textual analysis of traditionalist book, which is regarded as traditionalist collective identity.  This article is a critical analysis of the term Ahl al-Sunnah Wa al-Jama`ah, with special reference to Sirajuddin Abbas’ book. ; I`tiqad Ahl al-Sunnah Wa al-Jama`ah. His articulation of the concept Ahl al-Sunnah Wa al-Jama`ah plays great role in radicalising traditionalist ideology and providing traditionalist Islamic activists the justification to go against Wahhabism. His interpretation of the concept is, however, strongly rejected by Wahhabis, because of imposing hatred and intolerance against Wahhabism. By using Fairlough’s critical analysis, I studied critically the content of Abbas’s book. Some concepts related to the articulation of Ahl al-Sunnah Wa al-Jama`ah are chosen and analysed to find the role of the book in underlying traditionalist ideology. Then, Abbas’ interpretations of the selected concepts are verified through the method of interview to unearth ideological articulation of Abbas’.DOI: 10.15408/sdi.v23i1.2405

  2. 兴隆洼文化聚落形态初探%A Prelimimary Probing into the Settlement Pattern of Xing Long Wa Culture

    刘国祥

    2001-01-01

    Xing Long Wa culture,named after the excavation of the same site in Ao Han Banner,Inner Mongolia,mainly distributes in southeastern Inner Mongolia and western Liao Ning province. This culture dates 8200—7600BPo According to the results of archaeological excavations and surveys,the settlement pattern of Xing Long Wa culture could be divided into two types. One was surrounded by a ditch,including the first period site of Xing Long Wa,Bai Yin Chang Han ,Bei Cheng Zi site and so on. Another type such as Cha Hai site,Xing Long Gou and Nan TaiZi site etc,wasn't. All houses were semi—subterranean architecure,arranged in rows. Usually, the biggest bouse was located in the central position,and the ditch had both protecting and demarcating functions. It's certain that hunting—gathering economy was one of the important elements determining the settlement pattern of Xing Long Wa culture,which was inherited by Zhao Bao Gou culture,and changed in Hong Shan culture.

  3. The formation of Nv Wa faith circle in She county of Hebei%河北涉县地区女娲信仰圈的形成

    常玉荣

    2015-01-01

    信仰圈的形成是某一大神在一定区域内影响力的标志,也是俗民神灵信仰的组织结构方式。女娲是涉县地区的主神。涉县全境存在着大小不同的以“社”为单位的祭祀女娲的组织,具备了信仰圈形成的五个基本要素,最终以中皇山娲皇宫为核心形成了女娲信仰圈。女娲信仰圈的存在说明女娲自古至今在当地对于百姓日常生活的全方位的影响,百姓最终将女娲看作是“天地全神”。%The formation of faith circle is both the symbol of the influence of a great god in a certain area and the organizational structure mode of folks’faith to god. Nv Wa is the main god in She County. There are various sacrifice organizations to Nv Wa with their local name—She in She County which has possessed the five basic factors to form a faith circle, and finally the Nv Wa faith circle formed, taking Wahuang Palace in Mount Zhonghuang as its core. The existence of Nv Wa faith circle shows the all-round influence on the daily life of the local people in all ages. Eventually, people regard Nv Wa as“God of heaven and earth”.

  4. 用染色体畸变品系对果蝇调控基因E(wa)的定位

    彭先步; Stephen; M.

    1993-01-01

    在果蝇中,杏黄色眼基因wa和它的野生型白眼等位基因w的区别在于前者的转录单位中插入了反转录病毒样转座因子copia。半显性突变基因E(wa)以反式方式降低wa的活性,对多余翅脉基因px,E(wa)和翅腋具黑点基因sp 的遗传重组分析进一步确定了E(wa)与sp的重组图距为0.2图距单位,并将E(wa)定位于第二染色体右臂的2-106.8处,为了对E(wa)进行细胞学的基因定位,4个Y;2易位品系,1个1;2易位品系和3个2R缺失品系与适当的E(wa)品系进行杂交,并对其雄性子代进行复眼眼色和翅黑点的检查,结果表明E(wa)位于第二染色体右臂60B的端粒端。我们用γ射诱变获得了一个E(wa)突变体和两个sp 的突变体,并检查了它们的唾腺染色体,前者为E(wa)的回复子,一段来源是有的染色体片段插入在60B5-13的位置,很可能在60B8-9的位置上,这个位置就是E(wα)的座位,后者在60C1-2的位置上都看到了染色体的断裂点,表明该位置为sp 的基因座位。综合细胞学基因定位和遗传重组基因定位的资料,E(w α)被定位于60B5-13的位置,很可能在60B8-9的位置,它位于sp基因的左侧,二者相距很近。

  5. The WA105-3x1x1 m3 dual phase LAr-TPC demonstrator

    Murphy, Sebastien

    2016-01-01

    The dual phase Liquid Argon Time Projection Chamber (LAr TPC) is the state-of-art technology for neutrino detection thanks to its superb 3D tracking and calorimetry performance. Its main feature is the charge amplification in gas argon which provides excellent signal-to-noise ratio. Electrons produced in the liquid argon are extracted in the gas phase. Here, a readout plane based on Large Electron Multiplier detectors provides amplification of the charges before its collection onto an anode with strip readout. The charge amplification enables constructing fully homoge- nous giant LAr-TPCs with tuneable gain, excellent charge imaging performance and increased sensitivity to low energy events. Following a staged approach the WA105 collaboration is con- structing a dual phase LAr-TPC with an active volume of 3x1x1m3 that will soon be tested with cosmic rays. Its construction and operation aims to test scalable solutions for the crucial aspects of this technology: ultra high argon purity in non-evacuable tank, la...

  6. Information Structure and the Premise of Japanese "Wa" and "Ga"%信息结构与日语[は]和[か]的使用前提

    关春影; 余弦

    2012-01-01

    "Wa" and "Ga" can both be the subject of a sentence, but they have different premises. According to the grammar of Japanese, the subject is "Wa" when an interrogative word is used as predicate in an interrogative sentence, and "Wa" is used as the subject in the answer. When the premise is different, "Ga" is used as the subject. When the subject is an interrogative word, "Ga" is used, and the same in the answer. Based on different premises, the subject can be either "Wa" or "Ga" in an interrogative sentence without an interrogative word. To answer an interrogative sentence without an interrogative word, "Wa" is used in a positive answer. When the premise is different, "Ga" is used. When answering an interrogative sentence with "Ga", the subject is "Ga" for positive and "Wa" for negative answers. In non-interrogative sentences, "Wa" and "Ga" are used on the premise of an interrogative sentence with an interrogative word. The speaker assumes that the listener is using an interrogative sentence with an interrogative word to raise a question. If the interrogative word is the predicate, "Wa" is used. If the interrogative word is the subject, "Ga" is used. This rule in Japanese grammar can be explained by looking from the angle of information structure.%日语[は]和[か]在句中都可表示主语,但它们的使用前提却不同。日语规定,在疑问词疑问句中,疑问词作谓语等时主语用[は],回答时主语也用[は],有时用[か];疑问词作主语时主语用[か],回答时主语也用[か]。在非疑问词疑问句中,主语既可用[は]也可用[か]。回答用[は]提问的句子时,肯定用[は]或[か],否定用[は];回答用[か]提问的句子时,肯定用[か],否定用[は]。在非疑问句中,[は]和[か]的使用通常是以疑问词疑问句为前提的,说话人假设听话人用疑问词疑问句提出问题,如果疑问词在谓语等则使用[は],在主语则使用[か]。日语这种

  7. The Arizona Radio Observatory CO Mapping Survey of Galactic Molecular Clouds. V. The Sh2-235 Cloud in CO J=2-1, 13CO J=2-1, and CO J=3-2

    Bieging, John H.; Patel, Saahil; Peters, William L.; Toth, L. Viktor; Marton, Gábor; Zahorecz, Sarolta

    2016-09-01

    We present the results of a program to map the Sh2-235 molecular cloud complex in the CO and 13CO J = 2 - 1 transitions using the Heinrich Hertz Submillimeter Telescope. The map resolution is 38″ (FWHM), with an rms noise of 0.12 K brightness temperature, for a velocity resolution of 0.34 km s-1. With the same telescope, we also mapped the CO J = 3 - 2 line at a frequency of 345 GHz, using a 64 beam focal plane array of heterodyne mixers, achieving a typical rms noise of 0.5 K brightness temperature with a velocity resolution of 0.23 km s-1. The three spectral line data cubes are available for download. Much of the cloud appears to be slightly sub-thermally excited in the J = 3 level, except for in the vicinity of the warmest and highest column density areas, which are currently forming stars. Using the CO and 13CO J = 2 - 1 lines, we employ an LTE model to derive the gas column density over the entire mapped region. Examining a 125 pc2 region centered on the most active star formation in the vicinity of Sh2-235, we find that the young stellar object surface density scales as approximately the 1.6-power of the gas column density. The area distribution function of the gas is a steeply declining exponential function of gas column density. Comparison of the morphology of ionized and molecular gas suggests that the cloud is being substantially disrupted by expansion of the H ii regions, which may be triggering current star formation.

  8. Kilohoku Ho`okele Wa`a--- Na `Ohana Hoku `Eha (The Astronomy of the Hawaiian Navigators--- The Four Star Families)

    Slater, Stephanie; Slater, Timothy F.; Baybayan, Kalepa C.

    2016-01-01

    This paper documents the complete modern Hawaiian navigational full-sky. Over eight years of field notes, observations, and interviews with cultural leaders, historians, and ho`okele wa`a (navigators) were used to construct and validate Kilohoku Ho`okele Wa`a, the Astronomy of the Hawaiian Navigators. In contrast to the various historical sky maps designed by different practitioners and local groups in pre-colonial times, this sky-map depicts the four whole-sky constellations used by present day wayfinders. Designed by a loosely bound group of cultural leaders and navigators as a tool to use in modern non-instrumental navigation, Kilohoku Ho`okele Wa`a is a pragmatic fusion of ancient Hawaiian tradition, traditions of greater Polynesia, and modern-day Indigenous cultural forces. Like a very small number of cultures who use the sky for non-instrumental navigation, the ho`okele wa`a conceive of each season's visible sky as a whole image, using a single constellation that stretches from the northern to the southern horizon as a tool that facilitates direction finding in skies that are often very cloudy, and that chunks the sky into sections that decrease the cognitive load placed on the navigator. Moving through the seasons, beginning in Winter, Na `Ohana Hoku `Eha (The Four Star Families) are Kekaomakali`I (The Bailer), Kaiwikuamo`o (The Backbone), Manaiakalani (The Fishhook), and Kalupekawelo (The Kite). The whole-sky character of each of the four "star families," combines with that star family's mo`olelo (purposeful story) to further facilitate navigation, employing the emotional component of moral and familial associations to enhance memorization and to provide wayfinders with encouragement on their long journeys.

  9. WaFIRS, a Waveguide Far-IR Spectrometer: Enabling Space-Borne Spectroscopy of High-z Galaxies in the Far-IR and Submm

    Bradford, C. M.; Bock, J. J.; Dragovan, M.; Earle, L.; Glenn, J.; Naylor, B.; Nguyen, H.; Zmuidzinas, J.

    2004-01-01

    The discovery of galaxies beyond z approximately equal to 1 which emit the bulk of their luminosity at long wavelengths has demonstrated the need for high sensitivity, broadband spectroscopy in the far-IR/submm/mm bands. Because many of these sources are not detectable in the optical, long wavelength spectroscopy is key to measuring their redshifts and ISM conditions. The continuum source list will increase in the next decade with new ground-based instruments (SCUBA2, Bolocam, MAMBO) and the surveys of HSO and SIRTF. Yet the planned spectroscopic capabilities lag behind, primarily due to the difficulty in scaling existing IR spectrograph designs to longer wavelengths. To overcome these limitations, we are developing WaFIRS, a novel concept for long-wavelength spectroscopy which utilizes a parallel-plate waveguide and a curved diffraction grating. WaFIRS provides the large (approximately 60%) instantaneous bandwidth and high throughput of a conventional grating system, but offers a dramatic reduction in volume and mass. WaFIRS requires no space overheads for extra optical elements beyond the diffraction grating itself, and is two-dimensional because the propagation is confined between two parallel plates. Thus several modules could be stacked to multiplex either spatially or in different frequency bands. The size and mass savings provide opportunities for spectroscopy from space-borne observatories which would be impractical with conventional spectrographs. With background-limited detectors and a cooled 3.5 telescope, the line sensitivity would be better than that of ALMA, with instantaneous broad-band coverage. We have built and tested a WaFIRS prototype for 1-1.6 mm, and are currently constructing Z-Spec, a 100 mK model to be used as a ground-based lambda/DELTAlambda approximately equal to 350 submillimeter galaxy redshift machine.

  10. 77 FR 73732 - In the Matter of the Amendment of the Designation of al-Qa'ida in Iraq, aka Jam'at al Tawhid wa...

    2012-12-11

    ... Designation of al-Qa'ida in Iraq, aka Jam'at al Tawhid wa'al-Jihad, aka The Monotheism and Jihad Group, aka The al-Zarqawi Network, aka al-Tawhid, aka Tanzim Qa`idat al-Jihad fi Bilad al-Rafidayn, aka The Organization of al-Jihad's Base of Operations in Iraq, aka al-Qaida of Jihad in Iraq, aka al-Qaida in Iraq,...

  11. 77 FR 73732 - In the Matter of Amendment of the Designation of al-Qa'ida in Iraq, aka Jam'at al Tawhid wa'al...

    2012-12-11

    ... Designation of al-Qa'ida in Iraq, aka Jam'at al Tawhid wa'al-Jihad, aka The Monotheism and Jihad Group, aka The al-Zarqawi Network, aka al-Tawhid, aka Tanzim Qa`idat al-Jihad fi Bilad al-Rafidayn, aka The Organization of al-Jihad's Base of Operations in Iraq, aka al-Qaida of Jihad in Iraq, aka al-Qaida in Iraq,...

  12. PUBATHG - ArcInfo GRID format of the 2001 multibeam echo-sounder data collected in the Puyallup River delta, Puget Sound (Tacoma), Washington from Field Activity: R-1-01-WA

    U.S. Geological Survey, Department of the Interior — ArcInfo GRID format bathymetry data generated from the 2001 multibeam sonar survey the major deltas of southern Puget Sound (Tacoma), WA., including Nisqually,...

  13. Hyperon Production in P-BE Interactions at 158 GeV/c per nucleon at the WA97 CERN Experiment

    Norman, P I

    1999-01-01

    Strange particle production is one of the most useful probes of matter under extreme conditions of temperature and density. Due to the differences between quark masses in a Quark Gluon Plasma and hadron masses in a hadron gas scenario, there is a significant difference in the equilibration times for strange quark production under these two mechanisms. This difference in equilibration times will manifest itself in a much greater yield of strange particles from a QGP with respect to a hadron gas. It is believed that collisions of heavy ions at high energy may provide sufficient conditions for a QGP to be formed. The aim of the WA97 experiment is, therefore, to investigate relativistic heavy ion collisions at the CERN OMEGA Spectrometer, following on from the work of the WA85 and WA94 collaborations. Using a lead ion beam from the CERN Super Proton Synchrotron and a lead target, data were taken in both 1995 and 1996. As a control, in the autumn of 1995, data were also taken using a proton beam incident on a lead...

  14. 翁丁佤族原始村落文化对建筑的影响%Influence of Wengding Wa Original Village Culture on the Building

    张雯

    2015-01-01

    China is a multinational country, and each nation has its own irreplaceable cultural beliefs and traditions, as well as its own architectural features. Wengding Village retains the original residential building style and original customs of Wa nationality. It is by far the most well preserved original gregarious village. Through exploring the original Wa village culture, analyzing the Wa architectural forms, interior space and construct ways, this article clarifies that the village culture has certain impact on the construction and development of the building.%我国是一个多民族融合的国家,每个民族有各自不可替代的文化信仰和传统,也有各自的建筑特征,翁丁寨保留了原始佤族民居建筑风格和原始佤族风土人情,是迄今为止保存最为完好的原始群居村落。文章通过探寻佤族原始村落的文化,分析佤族的建筑形式、室内空间以及建构方式,阐明村落文化对建筑的建造和发展有一定的影响。

  15. Cloning, expression, purification, crystallization and preliminary X-ray diffraction analysis of the VP8* carbohydrate-binding protein of the human rotavirus strain Wa

    Kraschnefski, Mark J.; Scott, Stacy A. [Institute for Glycomics, Griffith University (Gold Coast Campus), PMB 50 Gold Coast Mail Centre, Queensland 9726 (Australia); Holloway, Gavan; Coulson, Barbara S.; Itzstein, Mark von [Department of Microbiology and Immunology, The University of Melbourne, Victoria 3010 (Australia); Blanchard, Helen, E-mail: h.blanchard@griffith.edu.au [Institute for Glycomics, Griffith University (Gold Coast Campus), PMB 50 Gold Coast Mail Centre, Queensland 9726 (Australia)

    2005-11-01

    The carbohydrate-binding component (VP8*{sub 64–223}) of the human Wa rotavirus spike protein has been overexpressed in E. coli, purified and crystallized in two different crystal forms. X-ray diffraction data have been collected that have enabled determination of the Wa VP8*{sub 64–223} structure by molecular replacement. Rotaviruses exhibit host-specificity and the first crystallographic information on a rotavirus strain that infects humans is reported here. Recognition and attachment to host cells, leading to invasion and infection, is critically linked to the function of the outer capsid spike protein of the rotavirus particle. In some strains the VP8* component of the spike protein is implicated in recognition and binding of sialic-acid-containing cell-surface carbohydrates, thereby enabling infection by the virus. The cloning, expression, purification, crystallization and initial X-ray diffraction analysis of the VP8* core from human Wa rotavirus is reported. Two crystal forms (trigonal P3{sub 2}21 and monoclinic P2{sub 1}) have been obtained and X-ray diffraction data have been collected, enabling determination of the VP8*{sub 64–223} structure by molecular replacement.

  16. [Research of potentially linked variation of polymorphism of chromosome DNA in aspect of forensic expertise using molecular-genetic individualizing systems CD4, vWA and vWFII].

    Ivanov, P L; Zemskova, E Iu; Turakulov, R I; Efremov, I A

    2005-01-01

    Investigated within the case study are parameters of disbalance of lineage (HC) for 4 micro-satellite locuses of human genome: LPL, CD4, vWA and vWFII. The above locuses are widely used, both in Russia and abroad, in molecular-genetic applications for personality identification. Meanwhile, according to cytogenetics criteria, CD4, vWA and vWFII, are located close to each other in the telomeric region 12pter-12p12 in the short chromosome 12 arm, therefore their potential genetic interdependence is still a topical issue. We found a reliable HC between locuses vWA and vWFII. Locus CD4 did not display HC with locuses vWA and vWFII or with locus LPL. The latter, which is located in chromosome 8 and which must have been negative control for HC, was shown to have no HC with any of the studied markers. Such results correlate well with data on the relative physical localization of CD4, vWA, vWFII and LPL. Multiplication of frequency of alleles (genotypes) is not acceptable in typing locuses vWA and vWFII within one multi-locus panel due to the genetic linkage of these markers demonstrated within the present case study, which is an important practical conclusion.

  17. Dynamics of an unusual cone-building trachyte eruption at Pu`u Wa`awa`a, Hualālai volcano, Hawai`i

    Shea, Thomas; Leonhardi, Tanis; Giachetti, Thomas; Lindoo, Amanda; Larsen, Jessica; Sinton, John; Parsons, Elliott

    2017-04-01

    The Pu`u Wa`awa`a pyroclastic cone and Pu`u Anahulu lava flow are two prominent monogenetic eruptive features assumed to result from a single eruption during the trachyte-dominated early post-shield stage of Hualālai volcano (Hawaíi). Púu Wa`awa`a is composed of complex repetitions of crudely cross-stratified units rich in dark dense clasts, which reversely grade into coarser pumice-rich units. Pyroclasts from the cone are extremely diverse texturally, ranging from glassy obsidian to vesicular scoria or pumice, in addition to fully crystalline end-members. The >100-m thick Pu`u Anahulu flow is, in contrast, entirely holocrystalline. Using field observations coupled with whole rock analyses, this study aimed to test whether the Pu`u Wa`awa`a tephra and Pu`u Anahulu lava flows originated from the same eruption, as had been previously assumed. Crystal and vesicle textures are characterized along with the volatile contents of interstitial glasses to determine the origin of textural variability within Pu`u Wáawáa trachytes (e.g., magma mixing vs. degassing origin). We find that (1) the two eruptions likely originated from distinct vents and magma reservoirs, despite their proximity and similar age, (2) the textural diversity of pyroclasts forming Pu`u Wa`awa`a can be fully explained by variable magma degassing and outgassing within the conduit, (3) the Pu`u Wa`awa`a cone was constructed during explosions transitional in style between violent Strombolian and Vulcanian, involving the formation of a large cone and with repeated disruption of conduit plugs, but without production of large pyroclastic density currents (PDCs), and (4) the contrasting eruption styles of Hawaiian trachytes (flow-, cone-, and PDC-forming) are probably related to differences in the outgassing capacity of the magmas prior to reaching the surface and not in intrinsic compositional or temperature properties. These results further highlight that trachytes are "kinetically faster" magmas compared

  18. Project AProWa: a national view on managing trade-offs between agricultural production and conservation of aquatic ecosystems

    Dietzel, Anne; Rahn, Eric; Stamm, Christian

    2014-05-01

    Swiss agriculture is legally committed to fulfill several, partially conflicting goals such as agricultural production on the one hand and the conservation of natural resources on the other hand. In the context of the research project AProWa ("Agricultural Production and Water"), the relationships between the production aspect and the conservation of aquatic ecosystems is analyzed with a holistic approach. Agricultural production and the protection of water resources have high potential for conflicts: Farmers use ground and surface water to irrigate their fields. On the other hand, drainage systems enable the production on otherwise unfavorably wet soils. These in turn often affect ground water recharge and divert precipitation directly into surface waters, which changes their hydrological regime. Typically, drainage systems also elevate the input of nutrients and pesticides into the water bodies. In general, applied fertilizers, plant protection products, veterinary drugs and phytohormones of cultivated plants are introduced into the ground and surface waters through different processes such as drift, leaching, runoff, preferential flow or erosion. They influence the nutrient cycles and ecological health of aquatic systems. The nutrient and pesticide loss processes themselves can be altered by tillage operations and other agricultural practices. Furthermore, the competition for space can lead to additional conflicts between agriculture and the protection of aquatic ecosystems. For example, channelized or otherwise morphologically changed rivers do not have a natural discharge pattern and are often not suitable for the local flora and fauna; but naturally meandering rivers need space that cannot be used for agriculture. In a highly industrialized and densely populated country like Switzerland, all these potential conflicts are of importance. Although it is typically seen as a water-rich country, local and seasonal overexploitation of rivers through water extraction

  19. Sunlight-induced inactivation of human Wa and porcine OSU rotaviruses in the presence of exogenous photosensitizers

    Romero-Maraccini, Ofelia C.

    2013-10-01

    Human rotavirus Wa and porcine rotavirus OSU solutions were irradiated with simulated solar UV and visible light in the presence of different photosensitizers dissolved in buffered solutions. For human rotavirus, the exogenous effects were greater than the endogenous effects under irradiation with full spectrum and UVA and visible light at 25 C. For porcine rotavirus, the exogenous effects with UVA and visible light irradiation were only observed at high temperatures, >40 C. The results from dark experiments conducted at different temperatures suggest that porcine rotavirus has higher thermostability than human rotavirus. Concentrations of 3′-MAP excited triplet states of 1.8 fM and above resulted in significant human rotavirus inactivation. The measured excited triplet state concentrations of ≤0.45 fM produced by UVA and visible light irradiation of natural dissolved organic matter solutions were likely not directly responsible for rotavirus inactivation. Instead, the linear correlation for human rotavirus inactivation rate constant (kobs) with the phenol degradation rate constant (kexp) found in both 1 mM NaHCO3 and 1 mM phosphate-buffered solutions suggested that OH radical was a major reactive species for the exogenous inactivation of rotaviruses. Linear correlations between rotavirus kobs and specific UV254 nm absorbance of two river-dissolved organic matter and two effluent organic matter isolates indicated that organic matter aromaticity may help predict formation of radicals responsible for rotavirus inactivation. The results from this study also suggested that the differences in rotavirus strains should be considered when predicting solar inactivation of rotavirus in sunlit surface waters. © 2013 American Chemical Society.

  20. Arterial roads and area socioeconomic status are predictors of fast food restaurant density in King County, WA

    Streichert Laura C

    2009-07-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background Fast food restaurants reportedly target specific populations by locating in lower-income and in minority neighborhoods. Physical proximity to fast food restaurants has been associated with higher obesity rates. Objective To examine possible associations, at the census tract level, between area demographics, arterial road density, and fast food restaurant density in King County, WA, USA. Methods Data on median household incomes, property values, and race/ethnicity were obtained from King County and from US Census data. Fast food restaurant addresses were obtained from Public Health-Seattle & King County and were geocoded. Fast food density was expressed per tract unit area and per capita. Arterial road density was a measure of vehicular and pedestrian access. Multivariate logistic regression models containing both socioeconomic status and road density were used in data analyses. Results Over one half (53.1% of King County census tracts had at least one fast food restaurant. Mean network distance from dwelling units to a fast food restaurant countywide was 1.40 km, and 1.07 km for census tracts containing at least one fast food restaurant. Fast food restaurant density was significantly associated in regression models with low median household income (p Conclusion No significant association was observed between census tract minority status and fast food density in King County. Although restaurant density was linked to low household incomes, that effect was attenuated by arterial road density. Fast food restaurants in King County are more likely to be located in lower income neighborhoods and higher traffic areas.

  1. Exploring Land use and Land cover change in the mining areas of Wa East District, Ghana using Satellite Imagery

    Basommi, Prosper Laari; Guan, Qingfeng; Cheng, Dandan

    2015-11-01

    Satellite imagery has been widely used to monitor the extent of environmental change in both mine and post mine areas. This study uses Remote sensing and Geographical Information System techniques for the assessment of land use/land cover dynamics of mine related areas in Wa East District of Ghana. Landsat satellite imageries of three different time periods, i.e., 1991, 2000 and 2014 were used to quantify the land use/cover changes in the area. Supervised Classification using Maximum Likelihood Technique in ERDAS was utilized. The images were categorized into five different classes: Open Savannah, Closed Savannah, Bare Areas, Settlement and Water. Image differencing method of change detection was used to investigate the changes. Normalized Differential Vegetative Index valueswere used to correlate the state of healthy vegetation. The image differencing showed a positive correlation to the changes in the Land use and Land cover classes. NDVI values reduced from 0.48 to 0.11. The land use change matrix also showed conversion of savannah areas into bare ground and settlement. Open and close savannah reduced from 50.80% to 36.5% and 27.80% to 22.67% respectively whiles bare land and settlement increased. Overall accuracy of classified 2014 image and kappa statistics was 83.20% and 0.761 respectively. The study revealed the declining nature of the vegetation and the significance of using satellite imagery. A higher resolution satellite Imagery is however needed to satisfactorily delineate mine areas from other bare areas in such Savannah zones.

  2. Modeling the spatial distribution of landslide-prone colluvium and shallow groundwater on hillslopes of Seattle, WA

    Schulz, W.H.; Lidke, D.J.; Godt, J.W.

    2008-01-01

    Landslides in partially saturated colluvium on Seattle, WA, hillslopes have resulted in property damage and human casualties. We developed statistical models of colluvium and shallow-groundwater distributions to aid landslide hazard assessments. The models were developed using a geographic information system, digital geologic maps, digital topography, subsurface exploration results, the groundwater flow modeling software VS2DI and regression analyses. Input to the colluvium model includes slope, distance to a hillslope-crest escarpment, and escarpment slope and height. We developed different statistical relations for thickness of colluvium on four landforms. Groundwater model input includes colluvium basal slope and distance from the Fraser aquifer. This distance was used to estimate hydraulic conductivity based on the assumption that addition of finer-grained material from down-section would result in lower conductivity. Colluvial groundwater is perched so we estimated its saturated thickness. We used VS2DI to establish relations between saturated thickness and the hydraulic conductivity and basal slope of the colluvium. We developed different statistical relations for three groundwater flow regimes. All model results were validated using observational data that were excluded from calibration. Eighty percent of colluvium thickness predictions were within 25% of observed values and 88% of saturated thickness predictions were within 20% of observed values. The models are based on conditions common to many areas, so our method can provide accurate results for similar regions; relations in our statistical models require calibration for new regions. Our results suggest that Seattle landslides occur in native deposits and colluvium, ultimately in response to surface-water erosion of hillstope toes. Regional groundwater conditions do not appear to strongly affect the general distribution of Seattle landslides; historical landslides were equally dispersed within and

  3. At WA9

    1977-01-01

    The Clermont-Ferrand-Leningrad-Lyon- Uppsala Collaboration set-up this experiment in the H3 beam of the West Hall for a high precision study of elastic scattering of negative pions on protons, in the Coulomb interference region, in the energy region between 30 and 140 GeV. Here, on the left, centre, the proton recoil spectrometer IKAR which consisted of a ionization chamber filled with hydrogen at 1000 kPa, the gas serving both as target and ionization medium. The experiment also included a forward MWPC spectrometer. On the right, Tord Ekelöf.

  4. Analysis of 450 hypertensive inpatients of Wa nationality%450例佤族高血压住院病例分析

    张燕

    2014-01-01

    Objective To analyze hypertensive inpatients of Wa nationality and to investigate the influential factors for hypertension in these patients. Methods A total of 450 hypertensive inpatients of Wa nationality treated in our hospital from January 2008 to December 2013 were randomly selected. Their clinical data were retrospectively analyzed. Results A majority of the 450 hypertensive inpatients of Wa nationality had advanced age or low education levels; 230 cases (51.1%) had grade 3 hypertension; 280 cases (62.2%) had complications; 190 cases (42.2%) had comorbidities. Sixty (13.33%) of all patients died, and the primary cause of death during hospitalization was cerebral hemorrhage; other patients showed improvements and were discharged. Conclusion Wa population mostly lives in remote villages, and they have relatively low education levels with little knowledge of hypertension. Therefore, the prevention and treatment of hypertension among Wa population are difficult, and local hospitals need to spread the knowledge of prevention and treatment of hypertension, promote health education, help local residents live in a healthy style, and guide the treatment of hypertension, which will increase the awareness of hypertension among Wa residents, reduce the prevalence of hypertension, and effectively control the incidence of complications and comorbidities.%目的:对佤族高血压住院病例进行探讨,以了解佤族高血压患者的影响因素。方法随机抽取我院在2008年1月-2013年12月治疗的450例佤族高血压住院病例,通过回顾性分析法对患者的临床资料进行探讨与分析。结果450例佤族高血压住院患者中以年龄较大或者是文化水平低的为主,其中51.1%(230例)的患者属于3级高血压,并发症发生率为62.2%(280例),合并症发生率为42.2%(190例)。450例佤族高血压住院患者中,60例患者死亡,死亡率为13.33%,在住院期间死亡的主要原因是脑

  5. Geochemical and geophysical examination of submarine groundwater discharge and associated nutrient loading estimates into Lynch Cove, Hood Canal, WA.

    Swarzenski, Peter W; Simonds, F William; Paulson, Anthony J; Kruse, Sarah; Reich, Chris

    2007-10-15

    Geochemical tracer data (i.e., 222Rn and four naturally occurring Ra isotopes), electromagnetic (EM) seepage meter results, and high-resolution, stationary electrical resistivity images were used to examine the bi-directional (i.e., submarine groundwater discharge and recharge) exchange of a coastal aquifer with seawater. Our study site for these experiments was Lynch Cove, the terminus of Hood Canal, WA, where fjord-like conditions dramatically limit water column circulation that can lead to recurring summer-time hypoxic events. In such a system a precise nutrient budget may be particularly sensitive to groundwater-derived nutrient loading. Shore-perpendicular time-series subsurface resistivity profiles show clear, decimeter-scale tidal modulation of the coastal aquifer in response to large, regional hydraulic gradients, hydrologically transmissive glacial terrain, and large (4-5 m) tidal amplitudes. A 5-day 222Rn time-series shows a strong inverse covariance between 222Rn activities (0.5-29 dpm L(-1)) and water level fluctuations, and provides compelling evidence for tidally modulated exchange of groundwater across the sediment/water interface. Mean Rn-derived submarine groundwater discharge (SGD) rates of 85 +/- 84 cm d(-1) agree closely in the timing and magnitude with EM seepage meter results that showed discharge during low tide and recharge during high tide events. To evaluate the importance of fresh versus saline SGD, Rn-derived SGD rates (as a proxy of total SGD) were compared to excess 226Ra-derived SGD rates (as a proxy for the saline contribution of SGD). The calculated SGD rates, which include a significant (>80%) component of recycled seawater, are used to estimate associated nutrient (NH4+, Si, PO4(3-), NO3 + NO2, TDN) loads to Lynch Cove. The dissolved inorganic nitrogen (DIN = NH4 + NO2 + NO3) SGD loading estimate of 5.9 x 10(4) mol d(-1) is 1-2 orders of magnitude larger than similar estimates derived from atmospheric deposition and surface water

  6. Proyecto Vidas paralelas indígena: revelando el pueblo Piratapuia / Waíkhana del Amazonas, Brasil.

    Evelyn NERY

    2012-03-01

    Full Text Available Este relato de experiencia se refiere al grupo étnico Piratapuia o Waíkhana, que habita el noroccidente del Estado del Amazonas en el Brasil. En este caso, se aborda más especificamente el componente de ese grupo étnico residiendo en el municipio de Santa Isabel do Rio Negro. Se relata la historia del pueblo Saúde Indígena Tempus - Actas de Saúde Coletiva Revista Tempus Actas de Saúde Coletiva 80 Piratapuia más especificamente al componente de ese grupo étnico, en el municipio de Santa Isabel do Rio Negro. Se relata la historia del grupo étnico haciendo énfasis en su migración a partir del Alto Rio Negro para el curso medio del mismo, la influência de la misión saleciana y de la invasión de los buscadores de oro (garimpeiros, así como la convivencia con otras etnias (tukano y yanomami, entre otras. Son mostrados también detalles de la organización social que incluye la estrutura de clanes con sus jerarquías. Se describen las distintas asociaciones indígenas de la región que consiguieron forjar una conciencia en la población del municipío, en donde actualmente 90,0% se asume como perteneciente a grupos étnicos indígenas. Con respecto a la cultura, se detacan las prácticas de cura y auto-cuidado proporcionadas por los “benzederos”. La estructura de sanidad pertenece al polo de Sta. Isabel, con un hospital y una unidad básica de salud, siendo que el Distrito Especial Indígena de Salud fue ampliado para garantizar la cobertura al medio Rio Negro. Sin embargo, se señalan las dificultades generadas por las enormes distancias de desplazamiento.

  7. Life cycle assessment of forecasting scenarios for urban water management: A first implementation of the WaLA model on Paris suburban area.

    Loubet, Philippe; Roux, Philippe; Guérin-Schneider, Laetitia; Bellon-Maurel, Véronique

    2016-03-01

    A framework and an associated modeling tool to perform life cycle assessment (LCA) of urban water system, namely the WaLA model, has been recently developed. In this paper, the WaLA model is applied to a real case study: the urban water system of the Paris suburban area, in France. It aims to verify the capacity of the model to provide environmental insights to stakeholder's issues related to future trends influencing the system (e.g., evolution of water demand, increasing water scarcity) or policy responses (e.g., choices of water resources and technologies). This is achieved by evaluating a baseline scenario for 2012 and several forecasting scenarios for 2022 and 2050. The scenarios are designed through the modeling tool WaLA, which is implemented in Simulink/Matlab: it combines components representing the different technologies, users and resources of the UWS. The life cycle inventories of the technologies and users components include water quantity and quality changes, specific operation (electricity, chemicals) and infrastructures data (construction materials). The methods selected for the LCIA are midpoint ILCD, midpoint water deprivation impacts at the sub-river basin scale, and endpoint Impact 2002+. The results of the baseline scenario show that wastewater treatment plants have the highest impacts compared to drinking water production and distribution, as traditionally encountered in LCA of UWS. The results of the forecasting scenarios show important changes in water deprivation impacts due to water management choices or effects of climate change. They also enable to identify tradeoffs with other impact categories and to compare several scenarios. It suggests the capacity of the model to deliver information for decision making about future policies.

  8. 小波分析和支持向量机组合法预测应急血液需求研究%Research on WA-SVM Combined Method for Forecasting Blood Demand in Emergency Rescue

    朱莎; 刘晓

    2013-01-01

    针对地震紧急救援阶段血液需求特点,提出用于预测其需求量的,基于小波分析(WA)和支持向量机(SVM)的组合方法(WA-SVM).首先对原始血液需求进行小波分析,然后确定SVM输入向量和输出向量集合,构建各层序列的SVM预测模型,对血液需求进行预测.汶川地震案例表明,该方法的预测精度优于经验模态分解和SVM的组合预测模型以及SVM单项预测模型.%A combined method of WA and SVM was worked out for forecasting the blood demand in emergency rescue after earthquake.The sample demand series was first mapped into several different frequency scales using wavelet transformation,and then a SVM is established for each scale.The WA-SVM forecasting method was then used to forecast blood demand in emergency rescue taking a case in Wenchuan earthquake as an example.The forecasting results indicate that the WA-SVM forecasting method has better performance both in accuracy and applicability in comparison with the empirical mode decomposition (EMD)-SVM combined method,and SVM method.

  9. Shh, Respect Freedom of Speech: The Reasons Why Ngugi wa Thiong’o and Ismail Kadare Have Not Been Awarded the Nobel Prize

    Edona Llukacaj

    2015-12-01

    Full Text Available Shh, Respect Freedom of Speech: The Reasons Why Ngugi wa Thiong’o and Ismail Kadare Have Not Been Awarded the Nobel Prize Abstract The terrorist attack on the satirical French magazine, Charlie Hebdo, at the beginning of this year, intensified the unremitting debate over the right to freedom of speech and expression, as well as its limitations. Nonetheless, it was almost unanimously agreed that the human right to express personal beliefs, regardless of the fact that they could be in deep disagreement with or even insulting towards the values of certain individuals, groups, or worldviews, should be defended and promoted by the whole human community. It goes without saying that the role of intellectuals and, especially, that of the academia, in promoting tolerance, diversity, and dialogue is essential. However, this does not seem to have been one of the criteria on which the Swedish Academy based its choices, over the past years, for the awarding of the Noble Prize in Literature. Focusing on the literary contributions of Ngugi wa Thiong’o and Ismail Kadare, two repeated nominees for the Noble Prize, this paper will attempt to shed light on the reasons why these two “heroes” of free speech and representation have not been awarded the prestigious prize.

  10. Doença, cura e serviços de saúde. Representações, práticas e demandas Baníwa

    Garnelo Luiza

    2001-01-01

    Full Text Available A pesquisa foi realizada no Município de São Gabriel da Cachoeira, noroeste amazônico, junto ao povo indígena Baníwa, em parceria com as organizações indígenas, visando compreender a correlação entre a cosmologia do grupo, seu sistema de representações de doença e práticas de cura e sua dinâmica de transformação em situação de contato interétnico. O levantamento dos mitos explicativos da origem da doenças demonstrou a existência de diversas categorias tradicionais de doença que orientam as práticas tradicionais de cura e a incorporação dos saberes biomédicos. A cosmologia Baníwa opera como sistema de acolhimento das informações de biomedicina, que são apropriadas e ressignificadas segundo a lógica do pensamento mítico; estratégias cognitivas similares são utilizadas para a geração das demandas que as lideranças indígenas encaminham aos Conselhos de Saúde e Serviços de Saúde.

  11. Doença, cura e serviços de saúde. Representações, práticas e demandas Baníwa

    Luiza Garnelo

    2001-03-01

    Full Text Available A pesquisa foi realizada no Município de São Gabriel da Cachoeira, noroeste amazônico, junto ao povo indígena Baníwa, em parceria com as organizações indígenas, visando compreender a correlação entre a cosmologia do grupo, seu sistema de representações de doença e práticas de cura e sua dinâmica de transformação em situação de contato interétnico. O levantamento dos mitos explicativos da origem da doenças demonstrou a existência de diversas categorias tradicionais de doença que orientam as práticas tradicionais de cura e a incorporação dos saberes biomédicos. A cosmologia Baníwa opera como sistema de acolhimento das informações de biomedicina, que são apropriadas e ressignificadas segundo a lógica do pensamento mítico; estratégias cognitivas similares são utilizadas para a geração das demandas que as lideranças indígenas encaminham aos Conselhos de Saúde e Serviços de Saúde.

  12. Nisin Z Production by Lactococcus lactis subsp. cremoris WA2-67 of Aquatic Origin as a Defense Mechanism to Protect Rainbow Trout (Oncorhynchus mykiss, Walbaum) Against Lactococcus garvieae.

    Araújo, Carlos; Muñoz-Atienza, Estefanía; Pérez-Sánchez, Tania; Poeta, Patrícia; Igrejas, Gilberto; Hernández, Pablo E; Herranz, Carmen; Ruiz-Zarzuela, Imanol; Cintas, Luis M

    2015-12-01

    Probiotics represent an alternative to chemotherapy and vaccination to control fish diseases, including lactococcosis caused by Lactococcus garvieae. The aims of this study were (i) to determine the in vitro probiotic properties of three bacteriocinogenic Lactococcus lactis subsp. cremoris of aquatic origin, (ii) to evaluate in vivo the ability of L. cremoris WA2-67 to protect rainbow trout (Oncorhynchus mykiss, Walbaum) against infection by L. garvieae, and (iii) to demonstrate the role of nisin Z (NisZ) production as an anti-infective mechanism. The three L. cremoris strains survived in freshwater at 18 °C for 7 days, withstood exposure to pH 3.0 and 10 % (v/v) rainbow trout bile, and showed different cell surface hydrophobicity (37.93-58.52 %). The wild-type NisZ-producer L. cremoris WA2-67 and its non-bacteriocinogenic mutant L. cremoris WA2-67 ∆nisZ were administered orally (10(6) CFU/g) to rainbow trout for 21 days and, subsequently, fish were challenged with L. garvieae CLG4 by the cohabitation method. The fish fed with the bacteriocinogenic strain L. cremoris WA2-67 reduced significantly (p < 0.01) the mortality (20 %) compared to the fish treated with its non-bacteriocinogenic knockout isogenic mutant (50 %) and the control (72.5 %). We demonstrated the effectiveness of L. cremoris WA2-67 to protect rainbow trout against infection with the invasive pathogen L. garvieae and the relevance of NisZ production as an anti-infective mechanism. This is the first report demonstrating the effective in vivo role of LAB bacteriocin (NisZ) production as a mechanism to protect fish against bacterial infection. Our results suggest that the wild-type NisZ-producer strain L. cremoris WA2-67 could be used in fish farming to prevent lactococcosis in rainbow trout.

  13. j399sf.m77t and j399sf.h77t: MGD77T data and header files for single-beam bathymetry data for field activity J-3-99-SF in Grizzly Bay, San Francisco Bay from 11/08/1999 to 11/18/1999

    U.S. Geological Survey, Department of the Interior — Single-beam bathymetry data along with DGPS navigation data was collected as part of the U.S. Geological Survey cruise J-3-99-SF. The cruise was conducted in...

  14. j399sf.m77t and j399sf.h77t: MGD77T data and header files for single-beam bathymetry data for field activity J-3-99-SF in Grizzly Bay, San Francisco Bay from 11/08/1999 to 11/18/1999

    U.S. Geological Survey, Department of the Interior — Single-beam bathymetry data along with DGPS navigation data was collected as part of the U.S. Geological Survey cruise J-3-99-SF. The cruise was conducted in Grizzly...

  15. Prognosis of groundwater recharge by means of the simulation tool PCSiWaPro® under the conditions of climate change

    Meyer, M.; Sallwey, J.; Hasan, I.; Graeber, P.-W.

    2012-04-01

    Recent studies showed that varying atmospheric conditions as a result of climate change have a significant impact on the magnitude and time variable development of groundwater recharge. Essentially there are two driving factors that influence groundwater recharge: the temporal distribution of precipitation, and the saturation processes resulting from capillary effects in the unsaturated soil zone. Water balance processes can accurately be modelled by using the Richards' equation for transient flow, together with the Van-Genuchten/Luckner approximation describing hysteresis relationships between water contents and pressure heads in the soil. Precipitation distributions, as boundary conditions for the unsaturated model, can be generated from climate data measurements using statistical analysis tools. These synthetic time series reflect both the real climate conditions in a given model area, as well as statistical variations of rainfall by implementing characteristics of a predefined probability distribution. Depending on the kind of distribution, the resulting time series can represent both annual rainfall variations as well as long-term climate changes. The Institute of Waste Management and Contaminated Site Treatment of the TU Dresden has developed two software programs that help estimate these two driving forces for groundwater recharge. WettGen is a weather generator using a Weibull distribution and Markov chain approximations to create synthetic climate time series. These are applied as an upper boundary condition for PCSiWaPro®, a numerical finite element simulation tool solving the Richards' equation for water balance and a convection dispersion equation for contaminant. The result of this coupled simulation is an outflow at the lower boundary of the PCSiWaPro® model, which can be interpreted as a recharge rate for the underlying aquifer. Considering that climate change scenarios for Germany predict longer dry periods and an increase of extreme precipitation

  16. Doença, cura e serviços de saúde. Representações, práticas e demandas Baníwa Sickness, Healing, and Health Services: social representations, practices, and demands among the Baníwa

    Luiza Garnelo

    2001-03-01

    Full Text Available A pesquisa foi realizada no Município de São Gabriel da Cachoeira, noroeste amazônico, junto ao povo indígena Baníwa, em parceria com as organizações indígenas, visando compreender a correlação entre a cosmologia do grupo, seu sistema de representações de doença e práticas de cura e sua dinâmica de transformação em situação de contato interétnico. O levantamento dos mitos explicativos da origem da doenças demonstrou a existência de diversas categorias tradicionais de doença que orientam as práticas tradicionais de cura e a incorporação dos saberes biomédicos. A cosmologia Baníwa opera como sistema de acolhimento das informações de biomedicina, que são apropriadas e ressignificadas segundo a lógica do pensamento mítico; estratégias cognitivas similares são utilizadas para a geração das demandas que as lideranças indígenas encaminham aos Conselhos de Saúde e Serviços de Saúde.The research for this paper was conducted in São Gabriel da Cachoeira, in the northwestern Amazon, with the Baníwa indigenous people, in partnership with indigenous organizations, seeking to understand the relations among the group's cosmology, their system of representations of sickness and healing practices, and their transformation through inter-ethnic contact. The recording of myths showed the origin of the diseases and demonstrated the existence of several traditional categories of sickness, guiding traditional healing practices and the incorporation of biomedical knowledge. The Baníwa's cosmology operates like a reception system for biomedical information, which the people grasp according to the logic of mythical thought. Similar cognitive strategies are used to generate the demands that indigenous leaders submit to the Health Councils and Health Services.

  17. 佤族传统体育在中学的传承现状及对策研究%Study on Inherit Condition and Countermeasure of Wa Nationality’ s Traditional Sports in Middle Schools

    余红; 李会明

    2014-01-01

    After investigating the inherit situation of Wa nationality ’ s traditional sports in local middle schools by using questionnaire survey method , this paper found out that middle school students in regions where Wa national-ity liveing in compact communities had strong identity for Wa nationality ’s traditional physical sports, meanwhile, national traditional culture festival , community and family could take much more inherit affect than that schools could.But students were short of enough cognition for cultural connotation of Wa nationality ’ s traditional sports because of lack of standards during the inherit process .Based on the situation , some suggestions are put forward .%运用问卷调查法等研究方法,对佤族传统体育在当地中学的传承现状进行调查后发现,佤族聚居区的中学生对佤族传统体育项目具有较强的认同感,学校发挥的传承作用不及民族传统文化节、社区和家庭;分析表明,学生对佤族传统体育的文化内涵缺乏足够的认识,传承过程缺乏规范性是形成因素;并提出相应对策。

  18. The conflicts and dialogues among techno-developmental, ecological, and indigenous paradigms in a globalized modernity: A case study of the U'wa people's resistance against oil development in Colombia

    Lee, Taehwa

    The literature regarding indigenous eco-politics often provides only a partial explanation about interactions among indigenous peoples, environmental NGOs, and players of resource extraction activities. The dissertation argues that previous studies often fossilize indigenous people in time and space by treating them and their worldviews as static. Against this background, the dissertation draws on paradigm analysis and demonstrates how this approach can help tease out the dynamism and complexity inherent to the interactions between paradigm actors, thus helping us reanalyze indigenous peoples and their paradigms as dynamic and evolving venues for creative possibilities. Extensive literature review and field observation are utilized to examine the case study of interactions among the U'wa, environmental NGOs, Occidental Petroleum, Ecopetrol, and the Colombian government. The case study reveals that oil development activities have heralded sharp conflicts among various paradigm actors. It shows how such conflicts and ensuing dialogues among paradigm actors have led to paradigm changes over time and across scales of organization. We find that the U'wa indigenous paradigm poses a legal, political, and cultural challenge to the techno-developmental paradigm of oil development. We find further that paradigm conflicts are both opportunities and challenges for the U'wa to engage with the modern legal system of Colombia. The case study also reveals that complementarities between paradigms are useful starting points for coalitions between the U'wa and environmental NGOs. The ability to cross scales of socio-political organization enabled by modern communication technologies has helped the U'wa and environmental NGOs to successfully challenge the dominant paradigm and its resource extraction activities. However, it also shows that additional political conditions are necessary for successful coalitions between two actors. The case study demonstrates that the U'wa

  19. Characterization of the environmental fate of Bacillus thuringiensis var. kaurstaki (Btk) after pest eradication efforts in Seattle, WA and Fairfax county, VA

    Ticknor, Lawrence [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Van Cuyk, Sheila M [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Deshpande, Alina [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Omberg, Kristin M [Los Alamos National Laboratory

    2008-01-01

    Understanding the fate of biological agents in the environment will be critical to recovery and restoration efforts after a biological attack. Los Alamos National Laboratory (LANL) is conducting experiments in the Seattle, WA and Fairfax County, VA areas to study agent fate in urban environments. As part of their gypsy moth suppression efforts, Washington State and Fairfax County have sprayed Bacillus thuringiensis var. kurstaki (Btk), a common organic pesticide for decades. Many of the spray zones have been in or near urban areas. LANL has collected surface and bulk samples from historical Seattle spray zones to characterize how long Btk persists at detectable levels in the environment, and how long it remains viable in different environmental matrices. This work will attempt to address three questions. First, how long does the agent remain viable at detectable levels? Second, what is the approximate magnitude and duration of resuspension? And third, does the agent transport into buildings? Data designed to address the first question will be presented. Preliminary results indicate Btk remains viable in the environment for at least two years.

  20. THE SCHOOL OF AHL AL-SUNNAH WA AL-JAMA`AH AND THE ATTACHMENT OF INDONESIAN MUSLIMS TO ITS DOCTRINES

    Fauzan Saleh

    2008-06-01

    Full Text Available The doctrine of Ahl al-Sunnah wa al-Jama`ah has been exploited by two major Muslim organizations in Indonesia, NU and Muhammadiyah, as the theological basis in determining their religious identity and rituals. Although these organizations claim that all Muslims should adhere to the doctrines of Ahl al-Sunnah, they have never clearly defined that term. This paper discusses in detail the meaning of the term followed by an examination of the ways in which those two Muslim organizations attach themselves to this doctrine. This paper argues that, although the NU links itself to this doctrine, it is still necessary to critically examine to what extent its members apply the doctrines of Ahl al-Sunnah in their daily life. Muhammadiyah, on the other hand, is not obsessed with the claim of being faithful to the doctrines of Ahl al-Sunnah, although its constitution mentions that they advocate theological creeds which are evidently in line with the precepts of Ahl al-Sunnah.

  1. Adsorption of Rh(III) complexes from chloride solutions obtained by leaching chlorinated spent automotive catalysts on ion-exchange resin Diaion WA21J

    Shen Shaobo, E-mail: shaoboshen@metall.ustb.edu.cn [Key Laboratory of Ecological and Recycling Metallurgy, Ministry of Education of China, Beijing 100083 (China); Department of Physical Chemistry, School of Metallurgical and Ecological Engineering, University of Science and Technology Beijing, Beijing 100083 (China); Pan Tonglin; Liu Xinqiang; Yuan Lei [Key Laboratory of Ecological and Recycling Metallurgy, Ministry of Education of China, Beijing 100083 (China); Wang Jinchao [Key Laboratory of Ecological and Recycling Metallurgy, Ministry of Education of China, Beijing 100083 (China); Department of Physical Chemistry, School of Metallurgical and Ecological Engineering, University of Science and Technology Beijing, Beijing 100083 (China); Zhang Yongjian; Guo Zhanchen [Key Laboratory of Ecological and Recycling Metallurgy, Ministry of Education of China, Beijing 100083 (China)

    2010-07-15

    It was found that Rh, Pd and Pt contained in the spent ceramic automotive catalysts could be effectively extracted by dry chlorination with chlorine. In order to concentrate Rh(III) ions contained in the chloride solutions obtained, thermodynamic and kinetics studies for adsorption of Rh(III) complexes from the chloride solutions on an anionic exchange resin Diaion WA21J were carried out. Rh, Pd, Pt, Al, Fe, Si, Zn and Pb from the chloride solution could be adsorbed on the resin. The distribution coefficients (K{sub d}) of Rh(III) decreased with the increase in initial Rh(III) concentration or in adsorption temperature. The isothermal adsorption of Rh(III) was found to fit Langmuir, Freundlich and Dubinin-Kaganer-Radushkevich models under the adsorption conditions. The maximum monolayer adsorption capacities Q{sub max} based on Langmuir adsorption isotherms were 6.39, 6.61 and 5.81 mg/g for temperatures 18, 28 and 40 deg. C, respectively. The apparent adsorption energy of Rh was about -7.6 kJ/mol and thus Rh(III) adsorption was a physical type. The experimental data obtained could be better simulated by pseudo-first-order kinetic model and the activation energy obtained was 6.54 J/mol. The adsorption rate of Rh(III) was controlled by intraparticle diffusion in most of time of adsorption process.

  2. Research on Wa Galindo Race---From the Perspective of Leisure Studies%佤族加林赛研究*--以休闲学为视角

    胡辉; 孙玉荣

    2013-01-01

    Wa Galindo race is typical folk entertainment activity .From the perspective of leisure studies , the article deeply analyzes its both internal and external value forms , especially focusing on the inherited leisure development of its intrinsic value .It holds the view that to inherit and develop its leisure value is the main rea-son to maintain the vitality of Galindo race , and is the core value goal to contribute to modern society .%加林赛是佤族一种具有代表性的民间休闲娱乐活动。文章从休闲学角度,深入发掘加林赛的内、外两种价值形式,着重剖析其内在人本休闲价值,认为继承发展其内在人本休闲价值是加林赛保持旺盛生命力的原因,也是其贡献给现代社会的核心价值。

  3. The Cognitive Study of Nanyang Dialect Wa's Meaning Construction from the Perspective of Conceptual Integration Theory%概念整合理论对南阳方言“瓦”意义构建的认知分析

    杨琳琳

    2016-01-01

    南阳方言,作为南阳地区的本土语言,历史悠久,具有独特的语言特色和魅力。本文运用Fauconnier在1997年提出的概念整合理论来分析南阳方言中的“瓦”字,探析隐藏在“瓦”字背后的动态认知机制。%Nanyang Dialect,as the native language of Nanyang,has a long history and its own distinct linguistic features.This paper tries to analyze Wa in Nanyang dialect from the perspective of Conceptual Integration Theory,hoping to understand the cognitive mechanism hidden behind Wa.

  4. The Legend of Sigangli:About the Historical Development of the Wa Nationlity's Lost Civilization%《司岗里》传说:佤族走失文明的历史再现

    袁智中

    2011-01-01

    佤族没有文字,其历史文化均以口耳相传的方式传承下来,这为佤族历史文化的解读提供了诸多可能。佤族创世神话《司岗里》流传于整个阿佤山地带,乃至缅甸、泰国、老挝、柬埔寨、印度,内容不仅涵盖了宇宙、人类及万物的起源,还包括了佤族及其先祖数千年颠沛流离的迁徙史。当我们将这部神话传说与失落千年的古滇国文化、夜郎文化、哀牢文化和石佛洞文化进行链接的时候,佤族那段走失的文明便会以另一种方式再现。%It is possible to understand the Wa nationality's history and culture from the way they develop.The creation myth Sigangli of the Wa nationality has been spread not only all over the alva region but also Myanmar,Thailand,Laos,Cambodia and India,whose content covers the origin of the universe,human-beings and the world as well as the migration history of the Wa nationality.The Wa nationality's lost civilization will be represented in another way when the legend is associated with the culture of the ancient Dian country,Yelang culture,Ailao culture and Shifodong culture.

  5. 蛙式扳法治疗骶髂关节源性下腰痛的临床疗效观察%Clinical Observation on Curative Effect of Wa-shi Pulling on Treating Sacroiliac Joint Pain

    诸波; 范炳华; 王鹏; 应晓明; 徐泉珍; 郭少卿

    2012-01-01

    Objective: To observe the clinical efficacy of the Wa - shi pulling on treating sacroiliac joint pain and to explore the mechanism of the Wa - shi pulling. Methods: 60 patients diagnosed as sacroiliac joint pain were collected and treated with the four operative steps of the Wa - shi pulling to observe the clinical efficacy. Results: The treatment time ranged from 1 to 7 (average 4 times). According to evaluation standard of sacroiliac joint pain, the results were cured in 50 cases,improvement in 9 cases,inefficacy in 1 case. Conclusion:The Wa - shi pulling had many advantages such as targeted and quick effect and high rate of success in treatment of sacroiliac joint pathological changes due to low back pain.%目的:通过观察蛙式四步扳法治疗骶髂关节源性下腰痛的临床疗效,探讨蛙式四步扳法的作用机制.方法:临床收集被确诊为骶髂关节源性下腰痛患者60例,采用自体牵引,极度屈髋屈膝,蛙式扳法和后伸扳法四步操作,观察其疗效.结果:治疗次数1~7次,平均治疗4.0次.疗效评价治愈50例,好转9例,未愈1例.结论:蛙式四步扳法治疗骶髂关节源性下腰痛针对性强,见效快,成功率高.

  6. "Meng Wa" Non-commercial Advertising:The Designing Strategy to Promote Socialist Core Values%“梦娃”公益广告传播社会主义核心价值观的创作策略

    毛凌云

    2016-01-01

    “梦娃”公益广告传播效果好,社会主义核心价值理念随“梦娃”萌动可爱的形象植入受众心中。从创作视角来看,“梦娃”系列公益广告体现出情节故事化、元素民族化、哲理通俗化、形式动画化等典型特点,为公益广告的创作提供了值得借鉴的经验。%The"Meng Wa" ( a baby symbolizing the Chinese Dream) series non-commercial advertising has produced favorable effects, as the socialist core values, along with the cute"Meng Wa", have found their way ever deeper into the hearts of the people. From the perspective of advertising design, the Meng Wa series have the characteristics of story-telling plots, ethnic elements, easy-to-understand philosophy, and animated forms, which is a good example of a successful non-commercial advertisement.

  7. 微卫星 vWA和 D5 S818与精神分裂症的多态性分析%Relationship between polymorphism of microsatellite vWA and D5 S818 with schizophrenia

    杨光; 魏巍; 刘辉

    2014-01-01

    Objective To explore a genetic relationship between the polymorphism of microsatellites vWA and D 5S818 with schizophrenia .Methods DNA samples collected from patients with schizophrenia ( n=57 ) and random population ( n=123 ) were amplified by PE Profiler plus system for multiplex PCR .Then ABI 3130-Avent genetic analyzer was used for automatic capillary electrophoresis and genotyping .Results The detection ratios of vWA -14 were 21.9%and 33.3%in schizophrenia group and control group , respectively .The difference was statistically significant between the two groups (P0.05).No de-viations from the Hardy-Weinberg equilibrium were observed .Conclusion There is a strong association of vWA -14 with schizophrenia , suggesting a possible linkage between vWA -14 and some schizophrenia resistant genes .There may be genes on chromosome 12 associated with susceptibility to schizophrenia .%目的:探讨微卫星vWA和D5 S818的多态性与精神分裂症有关的易感基因区域。方法对57例精神分裂症患者(精神分裂症组)和123名随机人群(对照组)采用PE Profiler plus系统进行PCR复合扩增,然后用ABI公司的310型基因分析仪自动进行电泳分离和基因检测。结果精神分裂症组的vWA-14的检出率为21.9%,对照组检出率为33.3%,两者之间差异有显著性意义(P<0.05);D5S818位点的各等位基因频率的检出率两组之间差异无显著性意义( P>0.05)。经吻合度检验,2个微卫星各等位基因频率的分布,均符合Hardy-Weinberg平衡。结论 vWA-14位点与精神分裂症有明显关联,提示vWA-14可能与精神分裂症某种抵抗基因连锁,表明在第12号染色体上存在与精神分裂症相关的基因。

  8. Molecular and phenetic characterization of the bacterial assemblage of Hot Lake, WA, an environment with high concentrations of magnesium sulphate, and its relevance to Mars

    Kilmer, Brian R.; Eberl, Timothy C.; Cunderla, Brent; Chen, Fei; Clark, Benton C.; Schneegurt, Mark A.

    2014-01-01

    Hot Lake (Oroville, WA) is an athalassohaline epsomite lake that can have precipitating concentrations of MgSO4 salts, mainly epsomite. Little biotic study has been done on epsomite lakes and it was unclear whether microbes isolated from epsomite lakes and their margins would fall within recognized halotolerant genera, common soil genera or novel phyla. Our initial study cultivated and characterized epsotolerant bacteria from the lake and its margins. Approximately 100 aerobic heterotrophic microbial isolates were obtained by repetitive streak-plating in high-salt media including either 10% NaCl or 2 M MgSO4. The collected isolates were all bacteria, nearly evenly divided between Gram-positive and Gram-negative clades, the most abundant genera being Halomonas, Idiomarina, Marinobacter, Marinococcus, Nesterenkonia, Nocardiopsis and Planococcus. Bacillus, Corynebacterium, Exiguobacterium, Kocuria and Staphylococcus also were cultured. This initial study included culture-independent community analysis of direct DNA extracts of lake margin soil using PCR-based clone libraries and 16S rRNA gene phylogeny. Clones assigned to Gram-positive bacterial clades (70% of total clones) were dominated by sequences related to uncultured actinobacteria. There were abundant Deltaproteobacteria clones related to bacterial sulphur metabolisms and clones of Legionella and Coxiella. These epsomite lake microbial communities seem to be divided between bacteria primarily associated with hyperhaline environments rich in NaCl and salinotolerant relatives of common soil organisms. Archaea appear to be in low abundance and none were isolated, despite near-saturated salinities. Growth of microbes at very high concentrations of magnesium and other sulphates has relevance to planetary protection and life-detection missions to Mars, where scant liquid water may form as deliquescent brines and appear as eutectic liquids.

  9. The Religious Beliefs and Regional Differences of Wa Minority%佤族的宗教信仰及其地区差异

    冉顶平

    2016-01-01

    There is a strong religious idea for Wa minority, at present, which is in general formed a reli-gious belief pattern that the main godliness is from local primitive religion, and it is added by foreign Protestantism and Hinayana.However, the mode of religious belief is not uniform and fixed, but as the changes of the society and history it reveals a certain regional differences, which show that different areas have different religious beliefs, the same religious belief in different regions has different performances, and its extension culture due to the regional differences forms different morphology.%佤族是一个宗教观念极强的民族,目前,在总体上形成了以本土的原始宗教信仰为主、辅以外来的“基督教”和“小乘佛教”的宗教信仰格局。然而,这种宗教信仰模式却并不是整齐划一、固定不变的,而是随着社会、历史的变迁呈现出了一定的地区差异性,差异主要表现在不同的地域有着不同的宗教信仰、同一宗教信仰在不同的地区有着不同的表现,以及由于宗教信仰的地区差异导致其外延文化出现不同的表现形态等方面。研究佤族宗教信仰的地区差异,有利于国家根据具体情况有针对性地制定相关的少数民族发展政策。

  10. 随机人群与精神分裂症患者微卫星DNA vWA多态性的关联性分析%Polymorphism of microsatellite DNA vWA in random population and schizophrenic patients

    刘辉; 于卫建; 方芳; 王学滨; 杨光; 刘奔; 梁晓华; 周杰

    2005-01-01

    背景:精神分裂症的发病与遗传关系密切,但对相关基因定位相当困难,因此有必要先寻找有关遗传标志.目的:通过对微卫星DNA vWA多态性的分析,了解精神分裂症与vWA有关等位基因的关联情况.设计:以精神分裂症患者和随机人群为观察对象的病例-对照研究.单位:大连市第七人民医院病房和大连医科大学分子生物学实验室.对象:精神分裂症病例为2002-03/07大连市第七人民医院(精神病专科医院)住院患者32例,诊断符合第3版精神分裂症诊断标准,临床表现以阴性症状为主.随机人群样本为在大连市红十字血液中心随机选取的正常人血液样本123份,无精神疾病和严重躯体疾病,无明确亲缘关系.方法:采取抗凝全血标本,用PE Profiler plus系统进行聚合酶链反应复合扩增,然后用ABI310型基因分析系统对扩增产物进行电泳和基因检测.计算出各等位基因的基因频率,并按Hardy-Weinberg平衡定律计算出各等位基因的理论频率与实际观测值,作吻合度检验和连锁分析;将精神分裂症患者与随机人群进行比较,按RR=Pd×(1-Pc)/Pc×(1-Pd)公式进行相对危险度分析并作统计学显著性检验(RR:相对危险度;Pd:精神分裂症患者基因频率;Pc:随机人群基因频率),RR>1为有易感倾向,RR<1为有抗性倾向.找出vWA与精神分裂症相关基因的易感连锁或抗性连锁的等位基因.主要观察指标:主要结局:精神分裂症患者与随机人群vWA等位基因关联性分析.次要结局:精神分裂症患者和随机人群vWA等位基因频率与Hardy-Weinberg定律的吻合度.结果:两组受试对象的测试样本均纳入结果分析.①精神分裂症患者和随机人群vWA等位基因频率符合Hardy-Weinberg平衡定律(P>0.05).②精神分裂症患者vWA-14的检出率(17.2%)低于随机人群(33.3%),差异有显著性(RR=0.415,P=0.014);精神分裂症患者vWA-17的检出率(31.3%)

  11. 2002 NOAA Lidar: Willapa Bay, WA Mudflat (WA)

    National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, Department of Commerce — NOAA contracted with Spencer B. Gross, Inc. (SBG) to obtain airborne Lidar of Willapa Bay, Washington during low tide conditions. The Lidar data was processed to...

  12. Vegetation - Pine Creek WA and Fitzhugh Creek WA [ds484

    California Department of Resources — This fine-scale vegetation classification and map of the Pine Creek and Fitzhugh Creek Wildlife Areas, Modoc County, California was created following FGDC and...

  13. 马拉喀什,WaR!WaR!

    左宝林

    2014-01-01

    关于马拉喀什。你首先要知道的是,德吉马广场是劭立喀什每一个人的骄傲。只要你在城市里广场之外的任何地方露出迷茫、无所适从的神情,总有人走匕前来热心地问:“在找Souk(阿拉伯语中的广场)?”他们认为任何游客到这里来都是为了广场,而事宴上也是如此,

  14. la_push_wa.grd

    National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, Department of Commerce — NGDC builds and distributes high-resolution, coastal digital elevation models (DEMs) that integrate ocean bathymetry and land topography to support NOAA's mission to...

  15. HYDRAULICS, CLALLAM COUNTY, WA, USA

    Federal Emergency Management Agency, Department of Homeland Security — Recent developments in digital terrain and geospatial database management technology make it possible to protect this investment for existing and future projects to...

  16. Hydrogeologic Case Studies (Seattle, WA)

    Hydrogeology is the foundation of subsurface site characterization for evaluations of monitored natural attenuation (MNA). Three case studies are presented. Examples of the potentially detrimental effects of drilling additives on ground-water samples from monitoring wells are d...

  17. WA7 - View from downstream

    1977-01-01

    With this set-up the Annecy (LAPP)-CERN-Copenhagen(Niels Bohr Institute)-Genova-Oslo-University College London Collaboration investigated large-angle elastic scattering of charged mesons and antiprotons on protons, first at 20 and 30 GeV/c, later at 50 GeV/c. The beam H1 (from top) passes two CEDAR counters (centre) before entering the one-metre long liquid hydrogen target, partly inside a magnet of 1.56 T, with a field volume of about 1.50x0.75x1.50 m3. In the foreground one sees on the left the hadron calorimeter of the 'slow' arm; on the right, are scintillation hodoscopes and behind them, a treshold Cerenkov counter of the 'fast' arm.

  18. 云南西盟佤族对疟疾的认知情况%Wa People's perception of malaria in Ximeng,Yunnan

    许建卫; 夏敏; 陶红; 钟颜春; 吴显华; 刘双明; 温正党; 刘慧

    2004-01-01

    Objective To learn layperson perception of Wa ethnic toward malaria. Methods Investigation was carried out by combination of quantitative (questionnaire surveys) and qualitative (focus group discussions) methods of medical anthropology.Results Community members mainly knew symptoms of vivax malaria, and about one - third respondents did not think fever as one of malaria symptoms. They thought that malaria had possible connection with mosquitoes, but confused with other things. Malaria was ranked as one very common diseases in communities and main disease burdens. Adults, who stayed overnights in field shacks or Myanmar, are thought to be prone to malaria infection more, and the highly prevalent months are from July to October.Chemprophlaxis and spraying with insecticides were major malaria preventive methods they knew. Conclusion It is necessary to correct their perception and change into more healthy behaviors by information- education- communication activities closely combining with present directive control measures.%目的了解佤族群众对疟疾的认知情况.方法采用医学人类学中定量(问卷调查、)和定性(专题性讨论)相集合的方法进行调查.结果社区群众主要知道间日疟症状,大约1/3的人并不认为发热是疟疾的症状之一,佤语疟疾("Saihui")一词中无发热之意;他们认为疟疾与蚊子可能有联系,但又与其它事物相混淆;疟疾被认为是社区中三种很常见的疾病和主要疾病负担之一;他们认为在田棚或缅甸过夜的成人更容易感染疟疾,疟疾的流行季节为7~10月份;预防服药和杀虫剂喷洒是其所知道的主要疟疾预防方法.结论需要通过与现行直接防治措施相结合IEC活动,纠正佤族群众的看法和让其行为更为健康.

  19. Long-term controls of soil organic carbon with depth and time: a case study from the Cowlitz River Chronosequence, WA USA

    Lawrence, Corey R.; Harden, Jennifer W.; Xu, Xiaomei; Schulz, Marjorie S.; Trumbore, Susan E.

    2015-01-01

    Over timescales of soil development (millennia), the capacity of soils to stabilize soil organic carbon (SOC) is linked to soil development through changes in soil mineralogy and other soil properties. In this study, an extensive dataset of soil profile chemistry and mineralogy is compiled from the Cowlitz River Chronosequence (CRC), WA USA. The CRC soils range in age from 0.25 to 1200 kyr, spanning a developmental gradient encompassing clear changes in soil mineralogy, chemistry, and surface area. Comparison of these and other metrics of soil development with SOC properties reveal several relationships that may be diagnostic of the long-term coupling of soil development and C cycling. Specifically, SOC content was significantly correlated with sodium pyrophosphate extractable metals emphasizing the relevance of organo-metal complexes in volcanic soils. The depth distributions of organo-metals and other secondary weathering products, including the kaolin and short-range order (SRO) minerals, support the so-called “binary composition” of volcanic soils. The formation of organo-metal complexes limits the accumulation of secondary minerals in shallow soils, whereas in deep soils with lower SOC content, secondary minerals accumulate. In the CRC soils, secondary minerals formed in deep soils (below 50 cm) including smectite, allophane, Fe-oxides and dominated by the kaolin mineral halloysite. The abundance of halloysite was significantly correlated with bulk soil surface area and 14C content (a proxy for the mean age of SOC), implying enhanced stability of C in deep soils. Allophane, an SRO mineral commonly associated with SOC storage, was not correlated with SOC content or 14C values in CRC soils. We propose conceptual framework to describe these observations based on a general understanding of pedogenesis in volcanic soils, where SOC cycling is coupled with soil development through the formation of and fate of organo-metal or other mobile weathering products

  20. 论佤族木鼓文化的现代变迁及其大众传播生成%On the Changes and Mass Communication Generation of Wood Drum Culture of Wa Nationality

    梅英

    2012-01-01

    After mass communication comes to the cultural inheritance of Wa nationality, Wood Drum Culture of Wa nationality has changed a lot different materials used for making drums, different shape, reduced application, and flexible usage, which makes the original meaning of holy production culture perish. The change of Wood Drum Culture of Wa nationality originates from the semiotic transformation need of mass media, and is completed in the process of encoding the semiotic transformation. When semiotic transformation completed by others obtains the input from improper audiences and social needs, it results in the output of changed Wood Drum Culture, which eventually changes the communication effect of mass communication in inheriting the national culture.%大众传播介入佤族木鼓文化传承后,佤族木鼓文化发生了变迁:木鼓形质改变,用途缩减、用法随意,木鼓文化作为一种神圣的生产文化之原始意义已经消失。佤族木鼓文化变迁源于大众传播的符号转换需求,并完成于符号转换的编码过程中。由他者完成的符号转换过程在受到不当的受众和社会需求输入后,文化生产输出了变迁的木鼓文化,最终改变了大众传播传承民族文化的传播效果。

  1. Refrigeration and Cryogenics Specialist. J3ABR54530

    Air Force Training Command, Sheppard AFB, TX.

    This document package contains an Air Force course used to train refrigeration and cryogenics specialists. The course is organized in six blocks designed for group instruction. The blocks cover the following topics: electrical principles; fundamentals of tubing and piping; metering devices, motor controls, domestic and commercial refrigeration;…

  2. An unedited 1.1 kb mitochondrial orfB gene transcript in the Wild Abortive Cytoplasmic Male Sterility (WA-CMS system of Oryza sativa L. subsp. indica

    Maiti Mrinal K

    2010-03-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background The application of hybrid rice technology has significantly increased global rice production during the last three decades. Approximately 90% of the commercially cultivated rice hybrids have been derived through three-line breeding involving the use of WA-CMS lines. It is believed that during the 21st century, hybrid rice technology will make significant contributions to ensure global food security. This study examined the poorly understood molecular basis of the WA-CMS system in rice. Results RFLPs were detected for atp6 and orfB genes in sterile and fertile rice lines, with one copy of each in the mt-genome. The RNA profile was identical in both lines for atp6, but an additional longer orfB transcript was identified in sterile lines. 5' RACE analysis of the long orfB transcript revealed it was 370 bp longer than the normal transcript, with no indication it was chimeric when compared to the genomic DNA sequence. cDNA clones of the longer orfB transcript in sterile lines were sequenced and the transcript was determined unedited. Sterile lines were crossed with the restorer and maintainer lines, and fertile and sterile F1 hybrids were respectively generated. Both hybrids contained two types of orfB transcripts. However, the long transcript underwent editing in the fertile F1 hybrids and remained unedited in the sterile lines. Additionally, the editing of the 1.1 kb orfB transcript co-segregated with fertility restoring alleles in a segregating population of F2 progeny; and the presence of unedited long orfB transcripts was detected in the sterile plants from the F2 segregating population. Conclusion This study helped to assign plausible operative factors responsible for male-sterility in the WA cytoplasm of rice. A new point of departure to dissect the mechanisms governing the CMS-WA system in rice has been identified, which can be applied to further harness the opportunities afforded by hybrid vigor in rice.

  3. 佤族木鼓文化中女性身体的社会性别分析%Gender Analysis of Female Bodies in the Wooden Drum Culture of Wa People

    马祯

    2015-01-01

    木鼓崇拜是历史上佤文化的重要内容,在佤族社会中扮演着重要角色。木鼓起源神话、木鼓形制、木鼓祭祀女神、拉木鼓仪式中猎女人头等均与女性有关。整个木鼓崇拜中女性无处不在。通过对木鼓文化的人类学分析,揭示木鼓文化背后的社会性别象征,探讨佤族社会的女性观念,进而反观社会性别研究中对女性身体的讨论。%Wooden drum worship is very important of Wa culture in history.The origin of wooden drama myths,drum shape,the sacrifice to the Goddess,hunting women in drum ceremonies were related to women.Wa peoples'drum culture was closely related to women,especially their bodies.This paper trying to reveals the concept of women and gender symbol in the wooden drum cul-ture through an anthropological perspective and,in turn,to discuss the female body in the social gen-der studies.

  4. 《李娃传》与《玉玦记》中妓女的命运差异之比较%Comparison of the Different Fates of Prostitutes in Biography of Li Wa and Story of Jade

    郭玉华

    2011-01-01

    The romantic novels of scribes and prostitutes have always been popular subject.Biography of Li Wa and Story of Jade have the similar story plots,but the fates of the two heroines are entirely different.Li Wa has been praised highly for her affection and faith,whereas Li Changnu was punished for her viciousness.Both of the different fates were influenced by many factors,some of which such as characters,authors and social backgrounds are very essential.%文士与妓女婚恋类题材小说历来是文人写作的热门题材,白行简的《李娃传》与郑若庸的《玉玦记》在故事情节上可谓一脉相承。而二文女主人公的命运却大不相同:李娃被塑造成一个有情有义的妇女,而李娟奴则因其歹毒得到了应该有的报复。促成两者命运差异的原因是多方面的,而男女人物性格、作者和社会等三方面因素是其重点。

  5. Design and experiment of the NPU-WA airfoil family for wind turbines%NPU-WA系列风力机翼型设计与风洞实验

    乔志德; 宋文萍; 高永卫

    2012-01-01

    NPU-WA airfoil family is designed for MW-size wind turbines and it is featured by advanced aerodynamic performance at high lift and high Reynolds number. Wind tunnel tests show that the airfoils are of higher lift to drag ratio than present wind turbine airfoils at high lift and high Reynolds number and insen-sitivity of maximum lift to leading edge roughness, which are satisfied the main design requirements. From this study the NPU-WA airfoil data base including geometry and the wind tunnel test performance at Reynolds number from 1. 0×106-5. 0×106 are developed. The airfoils can be applied to MW-size wind turbine design for the China industry with independent intellectual property rights.%针对兆瓦级大型风力机,研究发展了以具有更优良高雷诺数和高升力气动性能为特点的NPU-WA翼型族,风洞实验表明,该翼型族达到了在高雷诺数、高升力条件下实现高升阻比和外侧翼型对粗糙度不敏感的主要设计要求,为我国自主研发大型风力机提供了可以实际使用的翼型几何数据和雷诺数范围内1.0×106~5.0×106的风洞实验数据.

  6. Genetic data on nine STRs (CSF1PO, TPOX, THO1, F13AO1, FESFPS, vWA, D16S539, D7S820 and D13S317) and two VNTRs (D1S80 and D17S5) in Rosario population, Santa Fe Argentine.

    Tenaglia, Mariano; Scollo, Adriana; Tripaldi, Regina; Grappiolo, Irene; Perichón, Armando M

    2004-05-10

    Allele frequencies for nine short tandem repeats (STRs) loci (CSF1PO, TPOX, THO1, F13AO1, FES/FPS, vWA, D16S539, D7S820 and D13S317) and two variable number tandem repeats (VNTRs) were obtained from a sample of 270 unrelated individuals born in the Rosario city, Santa Fe province of Argentina.

  7. Fusion Centers: Securing America’s Heartland From Threats

    2010-12-01

    efforts to have a single place to go to develop a privacy policy that takes into account all risks and vulnerabilities.50 Since the formal...placed a pipe bomb at a Planned Parenthood office in Spokane, WA, and robbed the same branch of the US Bank using an AK-47, a 12-gauge shotgun, a revolver...to be the states fusion center serving as a single point of intelligence collection, regional intelligence groups located throughout the state

  8. Nurse Education, Center of Excellence for Remote and Medically Under-Served Areas (CERMUSA)

    2013-10-01

    University Stratford University Rochester College Towson Appalachian State university University of Mary Hardin Baylor Northwestern College...Hills MI 48307 Towson MD Boone NC 28655 Belton TX 76513 Orange City IA 51041 Sioux City IA 51104 Homewood AL 35229 Adrian MI 49221 Virginia...Michigan 49930 Utica New York 13502 Wayne NJ 07470 Searcy AR 72149 Grand Forks ND 58201 Spokane WA 99258 Thibodaux Louisiana 70310 Moorhead MN

  9. The Defense Commissary Agency: A Business Case for Electronic Data Interchange

    1993-09-01

    169 Menco, Inc. City of Industry. CA 1,199 54.9 460 312 170 Dromedary Kinston, NC 1.198 55.1 368 342 171 Eveready Battery Dallas, TX 1,196 55.3 1,204...Atlanta, GA 870 65.7 640 247 234 Dairy Rich, Inc. San Antonio, TX 858 65.8 232 428 235 Mario Olive Omaha, NE 857 66.0 318 371 236 Powers Candy Spokane, WA

  10. 云南省西盟佤族自治县精神障碍现况调查%A cross-sectional study of mental disorders in Ximeng Wa Autonomous County of Yunnan Province

    鲁文兴; 黄萍; 袁华芬; 沙俊杉; 廖帮磊; 黄悦勤; 罗传琳; 陈红光; 向兴华; 刘肇瑞; 李建芬; 吉宁; 胡昌华

    2015-01-01

    目的:了解西盟佤族自治县精神障碍流行病学特征,探讨影响精神障碍患病率的心理社会危险因素。方法:采用多阶段抽样方法,抽取在西盟佤族自治县居住6个月以上年满18岁的各族居民2381人作为调查对象。以一般健康问卷(GHQ)作为筛查工具,以ICD-10症状清单作为诊断工具进行入户访谈。结果:任何一种精神障碍的终生患病率为19.86%(419/2110),使用精神活性物质(烟、酒)所致的精神和行为障碍为12.99%(274/2110),神经症、应激相关的及躯体形式障碍为6.30%(133/2110),非器质性睡眠障碍为2.94%(62/2110),心境障碍为2.32%(49/2110),精神分裂症为1.00%(21/2110)。多因素非条件logistic 分析结果显示,与神经症、应激相关的及躯体形式障碍有关的影响因素包括男性(OR=0.43)、年龄较大(35~49岁,OR=1.78;50~64岁,OR=2.59;≥65岁,OR=3.51)、未婚及其他婚姻状况(OR=0.31)、非佤族及拉祜族民族(OR=0.29);与使用精神活性物质(烟、酒)所致的精神和行为障碍有关的影响因素包括男性(OR=2.41)、年龄较大(35~49岁,OR=2.29;50~64岁,OR=3.20;≥65岁,OR=4.58)、农民及个体户外的其他职业(OR=0.41)及其他民族(OR=0.32);与心境障碍有关的影响因素包括男性(OR=0.35)及年龄较大(≥65岁,OR=3.05)。结论:西盟佤族自治县各类精神障碍的终生患病率、烟酒所致精神和行为障碍、焦虑障碍患病率较高,应加强少数民族地区精神障碍防控工作。%Objective:To describe the epidemiological characteristics of mental disorders in Ximeng Wa Au-tonomous County and explore psychosocial risk factors of mental disorders. Methods:Two thousand three hundred and eighty one residents aged 1 8 years and over were sampled using multistage sampling in

  11. 鳖甲水提物W-A-80在模拟胃肠液中消化情况分析%Digestion Analysis of Water Extract W-A-80 from Trionycis Carapax in Simulated Gastrointestinal Fluid

    韩秋俊; 徐士勋; 王鹏龙; 王艳慧; 程亚涛; 周燊; 褚福浩; 宋霁翔; 李国梁

    2013-01-01

    目的:研究鳖甲水提物W-A-80在模拟胃、肠环境中消化情况,探讨其体内转化形式.方法:采用水提醇沉法制备鳖甲水提物W-A-80,模拟胃肠液环境,于37℃消化.以寡肽产率为指标,通过双缩脲反应-酶联免疫检测仪法考察胃蛋白酶和胰蛋白酶于不同酶底比、酶解时间的寡肽(截留相对分子质量<3 500)产率变化;平衡透析法测定模拟胃肠液消化后所得寡肽与体外小鼠肝组织的蛋白结合率.结果:确定酶解条件为人工胃液酶底比1∶10,于37℃酶解3h,不同质量浓度寡肽与肝组织的蛋白结合率分别为31.63%,19.93%,9.65%;人工肠液酶底比1∶100,于37℃酶解11h,不同质量浓度寡肽与肝组织的蛋白结合率分别为48.75%,47.43%,22.72%;均明显高于空白对照的7.00%,5.31%,4.60%.结论:鳖甲水提物W-A-80经模拟胃肠液消化有大量寡肽产生,且活性显著强于原液,推测寡肽可能是鳖甲抗肝纤维化的物质基础.%Objective:To explore in vivo transformation form of aqueous extract W-A-80 from Trionycis Carapax through investigating its digestion in simulated gastric fluid (SGF) and simulated intestinal fluid (SIF).Method:Aqueous extract W-A-80 from Trionycis Carapax was prepared by water extraction and alcohol precipitation method,it was digested at 37 ℃ in SGF and SIF.With yield of oligopeotides as index,effect of different enzyme-substrate ratios and reaction time of pepsin and trypsin on yield change of oligopeptides (interception relative molecular mass < 3 500) was investigated by enzyme-linked immunosorbent detector-biuret reaction; Equilibrium dialysis was adopted to determined protein binding rate of prepared oligopeptides with liver tissue of mice in vitro.Result:Optimum enzymatic hydrolysis conditions were determined that digested 3 h with pepsin enzyme substrate ratio of 1∶10 at 37 ℃ in SGF and 11 h with trypsin enzyme substrate ratio of 1∶100 at 37 ℃ in SIF

  12. An Acoustic Analysis on Vowel Tense-and-Lax Opposition of Masa Dialect of Wa Language%佤语马散土语元音松紧对立的声学分析

    杨波; 姚彦琳

    2012-01-01

    文章就记音时出现的佤语马散土语中的"紧元音"进行了研究,采用声学实验的方法对a-a、ε-ε、i-i、■-■4组元音的区别特征进行了分析,证实了马散土语音点的发音人存在紧元音的例外现象,并通过共振峰的分布验证了语言学家提出的"紧元音舌位略低于松元音"的结论。%This paper studies "tense vowels" appearing in the phonetic transcription of Masa dialect of Wa language.By using the method of acoustic experiment,it analyzes the distinctive features among four pairs of vowels:a-a、ε-ε、i-i、■-■,and proves that there exist exceptional phenomenon in the tense vowels of Masa dialect.And through the distribution of formant,it validates the conclusion "the tongue position of tense vowels is a bit lower than that of the lax vowles" put forwards by linguists.

  13. Wa and Chinese Bilingual Acquisition,Use and Cultural Politics:Case Study of Bilingual Education in Xin Village of Yunan Cangyuan Country%佤汉双语的习得、使用与文化政治--云南沧源新村双语教育实施个案研究

    白志红; 刘佳

    2016-01-01

    Based on fieldwork data,this paper represents the contexts of Wa language acquisition and use,and analy-ses the impacts of the National Bilingual Education Policy on the ecology of the Wa language,attitudes and its implication of cultural politics. We argue that rapid changing Wa language ecology,its shrinking register and function are caused not only by bilingual education and the strong influence of Mandarin,but also by rapid economic development,migration,and the self-awareness and subjectivity of the Wa.%双语教育对佤族的语言生态环境和语言态度的影响是透视当地文化政治的有效途径;导致佤语语言生态环境剧变、佤语语域萎缩和单语化倾向的根源不仅有双语教育政策的实施和汉语的强大语势,还有经济的快速发展、社会转型、人口流动及佤族自身的民族意识和主体性等因素。为受教育者提供双语学习的语言环境和选择权,使他们掌握社会所必需的工具、知识和技能,既要着眼于学校和家庭,又要超越学校和家庭,而不是孤立、生硬地传承某种语言文字本身。

  14. Mercedes Volait, Maisons de France au Caire. Le remploi de grands décors mamelouks et ottomans dans une architecture moderne = Buyūt Faransā fi l-Qāhira. Al-Athār al-mamlūkiyya wa-l-ʿuthmāniyya fi l-ʿim

    Bodenstein, Ralph

    2014-01-01

    When the French embassy in Egypt moved from the old premises in Downtown Cairo to the present premises across the Nile in Giza in 1938, the furniture lorries were not only loaded with the usual goods for relocation. Polychrome marble floors and dados, painted and gilded wooden ceilings, stained glass windows, doors with ivory inlay or bronze plating, panels with Arabic inscriptions, polychrome Turkish tiles, marble fountains–basically the entire architectural decoration of the old premises wa...

  15. 生态女性主义视域中《红楼梦》的女娲叙事%Nu Wa Narrative in Dream of the Red Chamberfrom Eco-Feminism Perspective

    王明丽

    2013-01-01

    As a “outsider” in the internal aristocratic daily life community , Daiyu's critical and constructive“eye” refers to the Nu Wa narrative from gender perspective which shows the male and female body sympathetic feelings based on the ecology of the divinity and humanity spirit :Women's self narrative of the body is not closed in an imaginary room , but is a new challenge not flinch , showing its open space-time universe with personality humane in meeting the challenges . In the unidentified text structure of the subject and value , women exist in limited circumstances of the combination of heaven with life significance of human beings .%作为置身于贵族世家日常生活共同体内部的“局外人”,黛玉之“眼”的批判性和建构性即女娲叙事的性别视域展现出男女身体交感基础上的生态神性和人文精神:女性自我的身体叙事并非是一个封闭的停留在臆想中的观念,而是一个在新挑战面前不畏缩,在迎接挑战中展示自己的个性人道化的开放性的宇宙时空;在这个主体和价值不确定的文本结构里,日常生活中身体、自然、地方-世界的主体性存在的统一整体性关系都表明了女性自我在有限性的境遇中究天人之际的生活意义。

  16. DCS Hydraulics Submission for Whatcom County, WA

    Federal Emergency Management Agency, Department of Homeland Security — Recent developments in digital terrain and geospatial database management technology make it possible to protect this investment for existing and future projects to...

  17. Coastal Analysis Submission for Pierce County, WA

    Federal Emergency Management Agency, Department of Homeland Security — Coastal study data as defined in FEMA Guidelines and Specifications, Appendix D: Final Draft Guidelines for Coastal Flood Hazard Analysis and Mapping for the Pacific...

  18. Characterizing Site Hydrology (Region 10, Seattle, WA)

    Hydrogeology is the foundation of subsurface site characterization for evaluations of monitored natural attenuation (MNA). Three case studies are presented. Examples of the potentially detrimental effects of drilling additives on ground-water samples from monitoring wells are d...

  19. Status and plans of WA104/ICARUS

    Rubbia, C

    2017-01-01

    Presently at CERN, the ICARUS-T600 detector will be soon transported to FNAL and exposed to the 0.8 GeV FNAL Booster neutrino beam at 600 m from the target, in the framework of the SBN program where measured neutrino spectra will be compared with the standard predictions simultaneously on three different locations in association with the MICROBOONE and SBND detectors. ICARUS will also collect there a large sample of νe CC events from another NUMI off-Axis beam at ~ 2 GeV, which will provide valuable information for the future DUNE project. A status report of the activities is presented.

  20. GigaWaM project overview

    Rodes Lopez, Roberto; Gibbon, Timothy Braidwood; Tafur Monroy, Idelfonso

    In the poster we present novel hybridized central office and optical network unit technologies for a 64 user WDM-PON, providing 1.25 Gbps bidirectional access over 20 km. Preliminary experimental transmission results are presented, including the possibility of upgrade up to 10 Gbps....

  1. Precise gas carburizing quenching process of 18 Cr2 Ni4 WA steel bushes%18Cr2Ni4WA钢衬套的精密气体渗碳淬火热处理

    李锋; 王新宇; 李世键; 韩培培; 于浩

    2016-01-01

    The influence of precise gas carburizing and isothermal quenching process on carburized layer hardness , depth and the microstructure of 18Cr2Ni4WA steel was studied .The results show that the carburized layer depth increases with the increasing of the total holding time, but the hardness profile becomes flat gradually .The longer of strong carburizing time , the deeper of carburized depth with the same total holding time .The longer of strong carburizing time , the lower of surface hardness with the same diffusion carburizing time .The optimized precise heat treatment process consists of holding temperature at 910 ℃, by carbon potential of strong carburizing stage at 1.20%and holding for 3 h, and then by carbon potential of diffusion stage at 0.80%and holding for 1 h,and then isothermally quenched in nitrate bath.With this optimized process , the typical carburized depth of (1.2 ±0.1) mm with favorable microstructure distribution is obtained . The process has been successfully applied in bushes production with satisfactory requirement of carburized depth , hardness profile and microstructure .%研究了精密气体渗碳等温淬火工艺对18Cr2Ni4WA钢渗层硬度、深度及显微组织的影响。结果表明,随着总渗碳保温时间的延长,渗层深度增加,但硬度曲线变得平缓;在相同总保温时间的情况下,强渗时间越长,渗层越深;而当扩散时间相同时,强渗时间越长,淬火后表层的硬度较低。优化的精密气体渗碳工艺为:保温温度均为910℃,强渗阶段碳势1.20%,保温3 h;扩散阶段碳势0.80%,保温1 h,渗碳后进行等温淬火,可以获得(1.2±0.1) mm渗层深度。渗碳淬火后渗层组织良好。该工艺成功应用于衬套零件的实际生产,满足了设计要求。

  2. 尿苷二磷酸葡聚糖转移酶1A8*2在云南健康佤族、白族和藏族基因多态性研究%Genetic polymorphism of UDP-glucan transferase 1A8 * 2 in Yunnan province healthy Wa, Bai and Tibetan nationalities

    赖泳; 黄民; 李嘉丽; 董寿堂; 李辉

    2012-01-01

    OBJECTIVE To investigate the allele and genotype frequencies of UDP-glucan transferase 1A8 * 2 in Yunnan province healthy Wa.Bai and Tibetan nationalities, and compare with other ethnics. METHODS The number of the healthy volunteers from Yunnan province Wa, Bai and Tibetan nationalities were 144,115 and 252, respectively. The PCR-RFLP method, which was verified by direct sequencing, was applied to genotype UDP-glucan transf erase 1A8 * 2. Then the genotypes frequencies of the nationalities were calculated to test whether in Hardy-Weinberg equilibrium or not. The genotypes and alleles frequencies between Yunnan province Wa,Bai and Tibetan nationalities and other ethnic groups were compared by Pearson's Chi-Square test. RESULTS The frequencies of CC, CG and GG genotypes were 16.7%, 52.8%, 30. 5% and 35.7%, 50. 4%, 13. 9%and 8. 3%, 78. 2%, 13. 5%, respectively, in Yunnan province Wa,Bai and Tibetan population. Moreover, The frequencies of allele G in Yunnan province Wa,Bai and Tibetan were 56. 9%, 39. 1% and 52. 6%, that were higher than African-Americans and German Caucasions. Furthermore, the mutation rate of Yunnan province Bai was higher than Japanese and lower than Chinese Han nationality. There were significant differences between Yunnan province Bai and Wa or Tibetan nationality about the frequencies of allele G(P<0. 01), but no difference between Yunnan province Wa and Tibetan nationality. A-bove all genotypes distribution all met Hardy-Weinberg equilibrium. CONCLUSION The UDP-glucan transf erase 1A8 * 2 gene distribution in Yunnan nationality Wa,Bai and Tibetan nationality mutation occurred in the situation has its own characteristics, Genotyping of UDP-glucan transf erase 1A8 * 2 will be helpful in guiding rational and individualized medication for individuals from Yunnan province Wa.Bai and Tibetan nationality using drugs that are substrates of UGT.%目的:了解云南佤族、白族和藏族人群中尿苷二磷酸葡聚糖转移酶1A8*2的基因多态

  3. Polymorphism and genetic relationship of 15 STR loci in Wa and Bulang populations in Shuangjiang County, Yunnan Province%云南双江佤族、布朗族15个STR基因座遗传多态性及遗传关系分析

    刘建兴; 李利华; 景强; 胡利平; 聂胜洁; 姜良豹; 许冰莹

    2011-01-01

    Objective To investigate genetic polymorphisms in Wa and Bulang populations in Shuangjiang County,Yunnan Province, and to evaluate their forensic application values and genetic relationships among other populations.Methods Fifteen STR loci included in the Power PLex 16 system Kit were amplified. The PCR products were analyzed by ABI Prism 3100 Genetic Analyzer. Forensic parameters of the two minorities were obtained, and genetic distances between Wa, Bulang and other populations were calculated by STR loci included in the CODIS system. Results In Wa and Bulang populations, the 15 STR loci were polymorphic. In genetic distance analysis, the distance between Wa and Bulang was the nearest (0.011 0). The other distances were as follows: 0. 030 2, between Wa and Buryat;0.024 3, between Wa and Ewenke; 0. 034 3, between Bulang and Buryat; and 0.030 9, between Bulang and Ewenke.The genetic distances of Wa and Bulang with Hah populations were both near. The distance was 0.014 0 between Wa and Han populations in Zhengjiang Province, and 0.0124 between Bulang and Han populations in Anhui Province.Conclusions The 15 STR loci were polymorphic in Wa and Bulang, which could provide a powerful discrimination tool for forensic applications. The investigations of genetic distances between different populations are useful to study their origins ,migrations and genetic relationships.%目的 检测云南双江县佤族、布朗族15个STR基因座遗传多态性及与其他群体的遗传关系.方法 以Power PLex 16 system Kit复合扩增15个STR基因座(D3S1358、THO1、D21S11、D18S51、Penta E、D5S818、D13S317、D7S820、D16S539、CSF1PO、Penta D、VWA、D8S1179、TPOX、FGA),用ABI PRISM 310遗传分析仪检测扩增产物,计算群体等位基因频率等法医学参数,并结合文献发表的国内其他群体的遗传学资料,运用CODIS系统13个基因座计算群体间的遗传距离.结果 15个STR基因座在佤族、布朗族中均具有较高的遗传多态性,

  4. Final Environmental Assessment (EA) for Headquarters Building Construction and Main Gate Reconfiguration White Bluff, Spokane, Washington

    2012-12-01

    project area includes priority habitat for Rocky Mountain mule deer (Odocoileus hemionus hemionus). This species, and other large mammal species, are...Grassland. Historically, the area would have primarily been considered Northern Rocky Mountain Ponderosa Pine Woodland and Savanna, some of which... Rocky Mountain Ponderosa Pine Woodland and Savanna: Pinus ponderosa var. ponderosa is the predominant conifer in this habitat type; Pseudotsuga menziesii

  5. Metropolitan Spokane Region Water Resources Study. Appendix H. Volume 1. Plan Formulation and Evaluation

    1976-01-01

    guidance was providedbte epo ,,n Rive -s!n~wt gre guidance frm ’the studyV c~ies o~ni e.’Maj or cooperg.ting agendcies inclukle’ Spol anie Ct’and Ciounty...Separate and recycle spe-t cooling water. Culligan Soft Water Service Water use: Regeneration of water softeners Treatment: p1l adjustment Problems: High...sites, both with solids handling and with carbon regeneration increase the odor potential over one site plan. 701.2- 152 11. CONCERNS FOR ENERGY AND

  6. 76 FR 23710 - Safety Zones: Bellingham Bay, Bellingham, WA and Lake Union, Seattle, WA

    2011-04-28

    ... the Administrative Procedure Act (APA) (5 U.S.C. 553(b)). This provision authorizes an agency to issue... Property Rights. Civil Justice Reform This rule meets applicable standards in sections 3(a) and 3(b)(2) of... under Executive Order 13211. Technical Standards The National Technology Transfer and Advancement...

  7. Integrated Ocean and Coastal Mapping (IOCM) Project WA1002: PUDGET SOUND - WHIDBEY ISLAND, WA.

    National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, Department of Commerce — The objective of Integrated Ocean and Coastal Mapping (IOCM) is to improve the coordination among federal, state and local government, non-governmental and private...

  8. 75 FR 41762 - Safety Zone; Annual Kennewick, WA, Columbia Unlimited Hydroplane Races, Kennewick, WA

    2010-07-19

    ... Follies Hydroplane Races. The safety zone is necessary to help ensure the safety of the participants as... completed. Basis and Purpose The Tri-City Water Follies Association hosts annual hydroplane races on...

  9. Integrated Ocean and Coastal Mapping (IOCM) Project WA1406: OLYMPIA, WA.

    National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, Department of Commerce — The objective of Integrated Ocean and Coastal Mapping (IOCM) is to improve the coordination among federal, state and local government, non-governmental and private...

  10. Integrated Ocean and Coastal Mapping (IOCM) Project WA1405: STRAIT OF JUAN DE FUCA, WA.

    National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, Department of Commerce — The objective of Integrated Ocean and Coastal Mapping (IOCM) is to improve the coordination among federal, state and local government, non-governmental and private...

  11. 探析云南佤族木鼓文化与民族武术文化的符号之缘%Analysis of the Relations between the Wooden-drum Culture of YunNan Wa Nationality and National Wushu Culture

    曹龙飞

    2012-01-01

      The article analyzes the cultural factors of Wa Nationality wooden-drum culture in Yunnan comprehensively in the views of anthropology, sociology and folklore. The study finds that there are special symbols of the wooden-drum culture and the national Wushu culture on the edge.%  文章从人类学、社会学、民俗学的角度,对云南佤族木鼓文化因子进行了较为全面、系统的分析。经研究后发现,佤族木鼓文化的孕育、形成与民族武术文化的发展有着特质性的符号之缘。

  12. 哈尼族大母神塔婆与汉族女始祖女娲的比较研究%A Comparative Research on Ta - Po, the Great Mother of the Hani Nationality, and Nu- Wa, the Female Ancestor in the Han Nationality Mythology

    王惠

    2011-01-01

    塔婆是哈尼族神话传说中生育众物、传承人种的大母神形象,广泛存在于哈尼族口传文学、父子联名谱系及其节庆活动之中;而女娲则是中华主体民族汉族神话传说中的女始祖,她造人、补天、治水、置婚姻、作笙簧,创造了诸多历史功绩。但和塔婆比较,女娲虽然声名显赫,却不具备现实意义和生命力量,而且,因为经过了父权文化的精心改造,女娲形象和塔婆形象相比,缺乏真实性、原始性和兼容性。%Ta -Po is the Great Mother, an image of bearing all things and inheriting the birth of racial in the myth and legend of the Hani nationality, who exists widely in oral literature, the father - and - son' s name joint in a lineage, and the festival activities of Hani nationality. Nu - Wa is the Female Ancestor in Chinese myth and legend of the Hart nationality, the main nationality of China. She created the human beings, mended the sky, prevented floods by controlling water, arranged marriage, made reed mouthpiece, and created many historical merits. But in comparison with Ta - Po, Nu - Wa, although prominent, does not have practical significance and life force; and because the elaborated reconstruction came from the patriarchal culture, Nu - Wa' s image lacks the authenticity, the origin, and the compatibility.

  13. 学习者三语环境态度视角下沧源佤族中学生英语学习倦怠研究%English Learning Burnout among Wa Ethnic Middle School Students in Cangyuan from the Perspective of Learners’ Trilingual Environmental Attitude

    杨学宝

    2014-01-01

    Based on the theoretical foundation of burnout studies in psychology and linguistics, this paper made a study of English learning burnout among Wa ethnic middle school students in Cangyuan, from the perspective of learners’ trilingual environmental attitude. The research result shows:(1) The trilingual environment attitude of Wa ethnic middle school students in Cangyuan is tested negative; third language (English) leaning burnout is tested strong; (2) Learners’ trilingual environment attitude is highly and negatively correlated to the third language learning burnout; (3) the representation of the third language learning burnout is consistent with that of the general foreign language learning burnout, but causes are different.%文章以心理学及语言学关于倦怠的研究为理论基础,从学习者三语环境态度视角调查分析沧源佤族中学生英语学习倦怠。通过研究发现:(1)沧源佤族中学生三语环境态度呈消极,三语(英语)学习倦怠呈较强趋势;(2)学习者三语环境态度与三语(英语)学习倦怠高度相关并且呈高度负相关趋势;(3)三语学习倦怠表征与一般外语学习倦怠一致,但成因相异。

  14. Re-examining the Reasons of Formation of Arrangement Marriage in Traditional Chinese Society:Based on Comparative Analysis of Han and Wa Societies%中国传统社会包办婚姻形成的再认识:基于汉族和佤族社会的比较分析

    李文钢

    2012-01-01

    Academe is generally believed that China of mode choice of spouse transformed from "arrangement marriage" in traditional Chinese society to "free—choosing spouse" in modern society.But,Wa peoples has always been the object of free choice of marriage.Some scholars find out those factors which formed the mode of arrangement marriage.Patrilineal and patriarchal family system and a series of factors shaped this kind of mode.However,all of those factors ubiquitously existed in Wa society which,on the contrary,formed the mode of free-choosing spouse.The conclusion is that in order to explain why Chinese traditional society has been shaped the mode of arrangement marriage,we should by means of the contribution of women in the family economy to understand it.%学术界一般认为,中国人的择偶模式从传统时代的"包办婚姻"向现代社会的"自由择偶"的转变。佤族的择偶模式却从来都是"自由择偶"。一些学者通过研究找出了中国传统社会形成"包办婚姻"的因素,是以"父系父权"家庭制度及其一系列衍生因素决定的,但是这些因素也普遍存在于佤族社会中,佤族社会却形成了"自由择偶"的传统。由此提出:从妻子对家庭经济贡献的维度解释包办婚姻的形成更有说服力。

  15. Wide field CO J = 3¿2 mapping of the Serpens Cloud Core

    Dionatos, Odyssefs; Nisini, Brunella; Codella, Claudio

    2010-01-01

    Context. Outflows provide indirect means to get an insight on diverse star formation associated phenomena. On scales of individual protostellar cores, outflows combined with intrinsic core properties can be used to study the mass accretion/ejection process of heavily embedded protostellar sources...

  16. 2,3-Dihydroxybiphenyl dioxygenase gene was first discovered in Arthrobacter sp. strain P J3

    YANG MeiYing; MA PengDa; LI WenMing; LIU JinYing; LI Liang; ZHU XiaoJuan; WANG XingZhi

    2007-01-01

    Bacterium strain PJ3, isolated from wastewater and identified as Arthrobacter sp. bacterium based on its 16S rDNA gene, could use carbazole as the sole carbon, nitrogen and energy source. The genomic libraryof strain PJ3 was constructed and a positive clone JM109 (pUCW402) was screened out for the expression of dioxygenase by the ability to form yellow ring-fission product. A 2,3-dihydroxybiphenyl dioxygenase (23DHBD) gene of 933 bp was found in the 3360 bp exogenous fragment of pUCW402 by GenSCAN software and BLAST analysis. The phylogenetic analysis showed that 23DHBD from strain PJ3 formed a deep branch separate from a cluster containing most known 23DHBD in GenBank.Southern hybridization confirmed for the first time that the 23DHBD gene was from the genomic DNA of Arthrobacter sp. PJ3. In order to test the gene function, recombinant bacterium BL21 (pETW-8) was constructed to express 23DHBD. The expression level in BL21 (pETW-8) was highest compared with the recombinant bacteria JM109 (pUCW402) and strain PJ3. We observed that 23DHBD was not absolute specific. The enzyme activity was higher with 2,3-dihydroxybiphenyl as a substrate than with catechol.The substrate specificity assay suggested that 23DHBD was essential for cleavage of bi-cyclic aromatic compounds during the course of aromatic compound biodegradation in Arthrobacter sp. strain PJ3.

  17. Data of evolutionary structure change: 1J3BA-1OENA [Confc[Archive

    Full Text Available 79 59.305 1.00 29.69 C ATOM 290 CA HIS A 38 52.127 105.278 62.784 1.00 29.04 C ... 6.90 3.77 ALA CA 3.78 HIS CA -map>...4 58.356 1.00 30.79 C ATOM 360 CA ASN A 51 56.376 56.615 58.961 1.00 36.51 C ...> THR CA 3.81 ASN CA -map> LEU CA 295 ASP CA ... 1.00 43.20 C -map> GLY ASP ARG GLU PR

  18. Alternate Derivation of Ginocchio-Haxton relation [(2j+3)/6

    Zamick, L

    2005-01-01

    We address the problem, previously considered by Ginocchio and Haxton (G-H), of the number of states for three identical particles in a single j-shell with angular momentum J=j. G-H solved this problem in the context of the quantum Hall effect. We address it in a more direct way. We also consider the case J=j+1 to show that our method is more general, and we show how to take care of added complications for a system of five identical particles.

  19. Piper J3 CUB模型像真机的制作(下)

    张宝健

    2010-01-01

    3.前座舱罩的制作前座舱罩的制作方法有热缩真空成型法、玻璃钢法等。笔者采用的是简单快捷的“折纸法”:先用记号笔在一张0.45mm厚的PVC塑料片上画线,再将塑料片折成座舱罩的形状。

  20. A three body state with J=3 in the ρB*B̅N* interaction

    Fernandez-Soler, P.; Bayar, M.; Sun, Zhi-Feng; Oset, E.

    2016-11-01

    We study the ρB*B̅N* system solving the Faddeev equations in the fixed center approximation. The B*B̅N* system will be considered forming a cluster, and using the two-body ρB* unitarized scattering amplitudes in the local Hidden Gauge approach we find a new I(JPC) = 1(3-) state. The mass of the new state corresponds to a two particle invariant mass of the ρB* system close to the resonant energy of the B*2(5747), indicating that the role of this J = 2 resonance is important in the dynamical generation of the new state.

  1. Incremental Risks of Transporting NARM to the LLW Disposal Facility at Hanford

    Weiner, R.F.

    1999-02-23

    This study models the incremental radiological risk of transporting NARM to the Hanford commercial LLW facility, both for incident-free transportation and for possible transportation accidents, compared with the radiological risk of transporting LLW to that facility. Transportation routes are modeled using HIGHWAY 3.1 and risks are modeled using RADTRAN 4. Both annual population doses and risks, and annual average individual doses and risks are reported. Three routes to the Hanford site were modeled from Albany, OR, from Coeur d'Alene, ID (called the Spokane route), and from Seattle, WA. Conservative estimates are used in the RADTRAN inputs, and RADTRAN itself is conservative.

  2. 有机农产品特色营销系统构建研究——以蔡家洼基地为例%Construction of Characteristic Marketing System of Organic Agricultural Products-A Case of Caijia wa Base

    谢婷

    2013-01-01

    At present,food safety and agricultural pollution arouse public attention.Developing organic agriculture,therefore,is a feasible approach to solve related problems.Caijia wa is a base of organic agricultural products of Miyun County in Beijing.Based on the experience of farm management of Taiwan,Caijiawa's characteristics were explored.Customer requests were collected and analyzed to find growth space of new market.To establish marketing system for Caijia wa Base,three questions should be settled at the very begining.The questions are as follows:Who are the customers to be confronted with? What's kind of product or service can we provide? What are the causes that customers willing to pay a product at higher price? On basis of experience in Taiwan and local characters,the marketing system in Caijia wa Base can be concluded,including segmentation of market,diversification of marketing channel,close contact with clients and flexibility of price system.The pattern of omni-directional,muti-level and wide-ranging cooperation has been improved continuously.Finally,marketing system could integrate with social responsibility and sustainable development.Some measures about the marketing system have been proposed,which are believed applicable to other bases of organic agriculture.%食品安全和农业污染问题已经引起公众关注,发展有机农业是解决上述问题的途径.蔡家洼是北京密云的有机农业基地.通过学习台湾农业管理经验和分析蔡家洼的自身特点,并收集了消费者需求,以期找到新的市场增长点.要建立蔡家洼的营销系统,先要解决3个问题:面向的顾客是谁,能够为顾客提供什么样的产品或服务,顾客愿意支付购买的逻辑是什么.然后将蔡家洼基地的营销系统总结为“四化”:产品市场细分化、渠道销售多样化、客户接触紧密化、价格体系弹性化,逐渐形成全方位、多层次、宽领域的合作格局,最终将营销系统与社会责

  3. Effects of Nitriding and Laser Quenching on Fretting Wear Resistance of 18Cr2Ni4WA Steel%氮化激光淬火复合处理对18Cr2Ni4WA钢抗微动磨损性能的影响

    李助军; 陈泽宇; 陈选民; 周欢伟

    2011-01-01

    Fretting wear resistance of 18Cr2Ni4WA steel with nitriding and laser quenching was studied on a SRV Ⅳ oscillating friction and wear tester.The results show that the hardness of sample after nitriding and laser quenching is about 780 HV, and the sample has excellent fretting wear resistance.The main fretting wear mechanism is abrasive wear and adhesion wear.%在SRVⅣ微动磨损试验机上考察了氮化激光复合处理和正火+高温回火处理对18Cr2Ni4WA钢抗微动磨损性能的影响.结果表明:在试验条件下,渗氮激光复合处理试样的维氏硬度约为780 HV,具有较好的抗微动磨损性能.磨损机理主要为粘着磨损和磨粒磨损.

  4. Resident Fish Stock Status above Chief Joseph and Grand Coulee Dams; 2002-2003 Annual Report.

    Connor, Jason M. (Kalispel Tribe of Indians, Usk, WA); McLellan, Jason G. (Washington Department of Fish and Wildlife); Butler, Chris (Spokane Tribe of Indians, Wellpinit, WA)

    2006-02-01

    initial year of the project (1997) identified the need for a central data storage and analysis facility, coordination with the StreamNet project, compilation of Blocked Area fisheries information, and a report on the ecological condition of the Spokane River System. These needs were addressed in 1998 by acquiring a central location with a data storage and analysis system, coordinating a pilot project with StreamNet, compiling fisheries distribution data throughout the Blocked Area, identifying data gaps based on compiled information, and researching the ecological condition of the Spokane River. In order to ensure that any additional information collected throughout the life of this project will be easily stored and manipulated by the central storage facility, it was necessary to develop standardized methodologies between the JSAP fisheries managers. Common collection and analytical methodologies were developed in 1999. The project began addressing identified data gaps throughout the Blocked Area in 1999. Data collection of established projects and a variety of newly developed sampling projects are ongoing. Projects developed and undertaken by JSAP fisheries managers include investigations of the Pend Orielle River and its tributaries, the Little Spokane River and its tributaries, and water bodies within and near the Spokane Indian Reservation. Migration patterns of adfluvial and reservoir fish in Box Canyon Reservoir and its tributaries, a baseline assessment of Boundary Reservoir and its tributaries, ecological assessment of mountain lakes in Pend Oreille County, and assessments of streams and lakes on the Spokane Indian Reservation were completed by 2001. Assessments of the Little Spokane River and its tributaries, Spokane River below Spokane Falls, tributaries to the Pend Oreille River, small lakes in Pend Oreille County, WA, and water bodies within and near the Spokane Indian Reservation were conducted in 2002 and 2003. This work was done in accordance with the scope

  5. Resident Fish Stock above Chief Joseph and Grand Coulee Dams; 2003-2004 Annual Report.

    Connor, Jason M. (Kalispel Tribe of Indians, Usk, WA); McLellan, Jason G. (Washington Department of Fish and Wildlife, Olympia, WA); Butler, Chris (Spokane Tribe of Indians, Wellpinit, WA)

    2005-11-01

    initial year of the project (1997) identified the need for a central data storage and analysis facility, coordination with the StreamNet project, compilation of Blocked Area fisheries information, and a report on the ecological condition of the Spokane River System. These needs were addressed in 1998 by acquiring a central location with a data storage and analysis system, coordinating a pilot project with StreamNet, compiling fisheries distribution data throughout the Blocked Area, identifying data gaps based on compiled information, and researching the ecological condition of the Spokane River. In order to ensure that any additional information collected throughout the life of this project will be easily stored and manipulated by the central storage facility, it was necessary to develop standardized methodologies between the JSAP fisheries managers. Common collection and analytical methodologies were developed in 1999. The project began addressing identified data gaps throughout the Blocked Area in 1999. Data collection of established projects and a variety of newly developed sampling projects are ongoing. Projects developed and undertaken by JSAP fisheries managers include investigations of the Pend Orielle River and its tributaries, the Little Spokane River and its tributaries, and water bodies within and near the Spokane Indian Reservation. Migration patterns of adfluvial and reservoir fish in Box Canyon Reservoir and its tributaries, a baseline assessment of Boundary Reservoir and its tributaries, ecological assessment of mountain lakes in Pend Oreille County, and assessments of streams and lakes on the Spokane Indian Reservation were completed by 2001. Assessments of the Little Spokane River and its tributaries, Spokane River below Spokane Falls, tributaries to the Pend Oreille River, small lakes in Pend Oreille County, WA, and water bodies within and near the Spokane Indian Reservation were conducted in 2002 and 2003. This work was done in accordance with the scope

  6. 云南西盟佤族居民患疟求医的现状、费用支付能力和障碍%Current situation affordability and obstacles on treatment - seeking of WA ethnic in Ximeng,Yunnan

    许建卫; 夏敏; Pricha Petlueng; 陶红; 钟颜春; 吴显华; 刘双明; 温正党; 刘慧

    2004-01-01

    目的评价佤族患疟求医的现状、费用支付能力和障碍.方法对社区居民进行问卷调查和参与式行动评估,对关键人员进行半结构深度访谈.结果自己治疗是村民治疗疟疾的第一行动,只有自己治疗无效后才到卫生机构求医;5.1%(95%CI:2.6~8.9%)问卷调查回答者从不求医,8.8%(95%CI:5.4~13.3%)仅靠自己治疗;37.4%(95%:30.9~44.3%)付不起疟疾治疗费;村民提出的疟疾治疗费为平均RHB 64.15±7.06(范围:0~500)元,88.5%(95%CI:82.4~93.0%)的人认为不能超过RHB100元.结论佤族中的患疟求医行为不当,障碍为经济,地理,知识和技术上的不可及性;疟疾病例的家庭管理是改善疟疾治疗现状的方法之一.%Objectives To assess current situation, affordability and obstacles on malaria treatment- seeking in Wa ethnic.Methods Investigation was carried out by combination of questionnaire surveys (QS) and participatory learning and action to community member, and semi- structured in- depth interview to key informants. Results Self- medication is villager' s first action for malaria treatment. They sought treatment from health facilities again after self- medication did not work. 5.1% ( 95 % CI: 2.6 ~8.9%) of respondents of OS never sought for treatment, and 8.8% (95%CI: 5.4~ 13.3%) only depended on self- medication.37.4% (95%: 30.9~44.3%) of them could not pay for malaria treatment. Mean cost for a malaria case treatment suggested by them was RMB 64.15±7.06 (Range: 0 ~ 500) yuan and 88.5% (95%CI: 82.4~ 93.0%) ofthem considered less than RMB 100 as the appropriate amount. Conclusion Malaria treatment seeking behavior is inappropriate in Wa ethnic. The barrier is inaccessibility in economic, geography, knowledge and technical. Malaria case family management might be an alternative for malaria treatment promotion.

  7. Final Treatability Study in Support of Remediation by Natural Attenuation Site FT-1 at Fairchild Air Force Base, Spokane, Washington

    1997-10-01

    FIGUR 3.2i " .._• ..... ...I ........ HYDRO G EO LO G IC ....... • ••,. • •:T....•. ... ..... ...... ................ SECTION LOCATIONS Site FT...34’ SEPAR OL/ATOR BUN9I ES-GP-4S 0ES-GP-3D IN EAAO Es- QGP -4S \\CONCRETE \\CONCRETE~ ES-GP-3D 0 r\\ SLAB 51 %=SLAB to~ Q1 NL ND-4 EDGE OF m-t1 EDGE OF ES...Zo o0 O1 /.7 / o ZO Eo 26 0o co Zori ~ 2 /0 *’o’t ?1 o z02oIe Zo 15 ??ZP Zo Ze Zo 2.?o0 2 0 /6 tIo q- ?d> q0 Z6) 7o a 2z /o 0r /r 70o ?a to 24 2e ?o

  8. Functional Plant Disposition of City Rainwater Landscape Infrastructure Facilities--Taking Xi-wa Water Park in Haidian District as an Example%城市雨水景观基础设施的功能性植物配置要点--以海淀区西洼雨水公园为例

    李凤仪; 汤林子; 李雄

    2014-01-01

    近些年,我国城市内涝问题愈演愈烈,彰显了城市雨水管理的问题。城市在进行雨水管理时开始重视城市雨水管理景观基础设施的重要性,并将其作为可能的生态对策。在进行设计时构建合理有效的雨水收集净化系统是重要目标,而用以净化雨水的水生耐水湿植物群落是雨水收集净化功能体系和景观结构的首要组成部分。本文将以海淀区西洼雨水公园为例阐述城市雨水管理景观基础设施的功能性植物配置要点。%Most of China precipitation concentrated in the summer, the problem of city waterlog during the rainy season highlight the limitations and drawbacks of city rainwater management. The theory of city rainwater management landscape infrastructure proposes ecological and feasible countermeasures to rainwater management. To establish an ef icient rainwater col ection and purification system when designing is an important goal, and aquatic plants purifying rainwater is important to rainwater col ection and purification system function and landscape. This paper wil take Haidian District Xi-wa water garden as an example to expound the point about selecting aquatic functional plants.

  9. Malamih al-Ashwat al-'Arabiyyah wa Makharijaha

    Amrah Muhammad Kasim

    2015-12-01

    Full Text Available This writing discusses on al-ashwat al-‘arabiyyah that is known with “phonetic” term. It talks and interprets makharij al-huruf or place for producing sounds and also processing production of sounds by parts of mouth in Arabic language. The problems of sounds and its systems in Arabic language have been conducted by the scholars of al-ashwat al-‘arabiyyah attractively, neatly, and detail and gotten ahead the phonetic western scholars. Part of their analysis results formulate the study about al-ashwat al-sakinah (al-Shamit is known with vocal and consonant sounds in research questions shawait – shawamit. Ibnu Jinni has formulated “harakat”(wowel in Arabic language and dimension of letter  mad and liyn on alif  letter - waw - ya’ (ا و ي, from these letters create  harakat fathah, dammah, and kasrah. Moreover, in this writing also exist the description of hija’i letters and its makhraj that are correct from parts of mouth and the unity of coordinative sounds that produce sounds in morphemes arrangement, in one word that produces meaning. The result of phonological study has divided al-ashwat to be kinds of sound like the pronounced sounds, produced sounds from mouth, and heard sound.

  10. 2013-2014 USGS Lidar: Olympic Peninsula (WA)

    National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, Department of Commerce — TASK NAME: USGS Olympic Peninsula Washington LIDAR LiDAR Data Acquisition and Processing Production Task USGS Contract No. G10PC00057 Task Order No. G13PD00849...

  11. MULTICULTURAL DA‘WA IN SCHOOLS FROM A SOCIOLOGICAL PERSPECTIVE

    Siti Irene Astuti Dwiningrum

    2014-12-01

    Dakwah multikultural untuk membangun paradigma pendidikan multikultural tidak mudah karena struktur masyarakat memiliki diterminan sosial, budaya, ekonomi dan politik. Pelaksanaan pendidikan multikultural terkait dengan berbagai unsur sosial dalam masyarakat yang satu dengan yang lain belum sinergis. Paparan ini akan mengungkap dakwah multikultural yang dilaksanakan di sekolah dan me­lihat strategi pendidikan multikultural dilaksanakan di sekolah. Melalui pe­neliti­an kualitatif dengan menggambarkan data awal terkait dengan aktivitas dakwah multikultural pada tiga SMA di Yogyakarta, Daerah Istimewa Yogyakarta, Indonesia. Penelitian ini berkesimpulan dakwah multikultural di sekolah merupakan kom­binasi dari beberapa pendekatan yakni pendekatan kontribusi, pendekatan aditif, pendekatan transformasi, dan pendekatan aksi sosial. Dengan dakwah multikultural dapat membantu siswa untuk mengembangkan identitas sosial yang hendak dicapainya berdasarkan nilai-nilai keadilan, kesetaraan dan menghargai perbedaan. Adapun strategi yang dikembangkan oleh sekolah untuk melaksanakan dakwah multikultural adalah dengan cara mengembangkan kemampuan ber­bahasa, kelas bahasa, perfomance seni, penggunaan simbol budaya, pertukaran pelajar antar suku atau antar negara, unifomitas.

  12. 78 FR 46258 - Drawbridge Operation Regulation Lake Washington, Seattle, WA

    2013-07-31

    ... minimize road traffic congestion resulting from the closure of Interstate 90. The Evergreen Point Floating... help minimize traffic congestion during the event. DATES: This deviation is effective from 9:30 a.m. on... 90 will be closed to road traffic during this time, which would divert road traffic onto...

  13. 76 FR 65945 - Modification of Class B Airspace; Seattle, WA

    2011-10-25

    ... ceiling. Over fifty percent of the inbound IFR traffic to Seattle-Tacoma International Airport comes from... regulation only upon a reasoned determination that the benefits of the intended regulation justify its costs... Act of 1995 (Pub. L. 104-4) requires agencies to prepare a written assessment of the costs,...

  14. What is C60. C60 no shotai wa

    Osawa, E. (Toyohashi University of Technology, Aichi (Japan))

    1993-03-25

    This paper elucidates what C60 really is. C60(1) is a carbon cluster of a special structure with Cs bonded solidly, and is a molecule chemically. Sixty Sp[sup 2] mixed carbon atoms are distributed evenly on a sphere with a radius of 7[angstrom]. Molecules in a crystal are of nearly perfect sphere, with small inter-molecular contact and weak binding force, and spinning at more than one billion rotations per second. C60 is a carbon's fourth allotrope. Three types of modification have been known to date, including the rugby ball shaped fullerene. Fullerene has been studied actively resulting in successive new reports. It is manufactured basically using the Kraetchmer's resistive heating method at a yield of approximately 10%. A plasma discharge process and an improved laser irradiation process can raise the yield to as high as 20% or more. Industrial application of C60 is within reach. Developmental researches are being moved forward by private corporations in Japan. Its application may cover wide areas, including electric conductors, semiconductors and the like. Elucidation of its production mechanisms has been waited for, together with solving a problem of reducing C60 reagent price. 45 refs., 3 figs.

  15. 75 FR 37294 - Modification of Class E Airspace; Kelso, WA

    2010-06-29

    ... (GPS) Standard Instrument Approach Procedure (SIAP) at Southwest Washington Regional Airport. This will... aircraft executing new RNAV GPS SIAP's at the airport. This action is necessary for the safety...

  16. Development of blue rose; Aoi bara wa sakuka

    Kondo, T. [Nagoya University, Nagoya (Japan); Yoshida, K.

    1998-06-01

    Precise crystalline structures of pigments in petals have been elucidated by structural analysis of the blue pigment in Commelinaceae petals using X-ray analysis. It is found that the Mg ion is coordinated with the oxygen atom on the B-nucleus in the base nucleus of delphinidin (belonging to anthocyanidine, a pigment obtained by separating sugar from anthocyanin by hydrolysis) to develop a blue color, and that the complex is a stable supermolecule in which 6 pigment molecules are associated regularly with 6 flavone molecules. The similar mechanisms are responsible for development of blue color for flowers, and widely occurring in nature. Biosynthesis of anthocyanin, beginning with phenylalanine, undergoes virtually common processes; cyclization of the flavonoide skeleton, reduction to the anthocyanidine nucleus, hydroxylation of the B-nucleus in the base nucleus and glycoside formation at the 3-site. It will be possible to shift rose color to blue, if anthocyanin belonging to anthocyanidine could be bio-synthesized by introducing the gene of enzyme for 3`, 5`-hydroxylation on the base nucleus, which the rose lacks. 4 refs., 4 figs.

  17. Net Anthropogenic Nitrogen Inputs in the Seattle, WA Metropolitan Area

    Larson, E. K.; Alberti, M.

    2014-12-01

    Nitrogen loading has been identified as a potential stressor to marine ecosystems of the Puget Sound in the Pacific Northwest, and the Washington State Department of Ecology has estimated that anthropogenic sources of dissolved inorganic nitrogen to the Sound are 2.7 times higher than natural loads (Mohamedali et al. 2011). The Seattle urban area, situated in the southeast of the Sound, has the largest population in the northwestern US. Heavily urbanized along the coast, the 4 counties comprising the region (Snohomish, King, Pierce, and Kitsap) also include forests and agriculture. Urban and agricultural areas tend to have substantial anthropogenic N loading due to fertilizer application, presence of N-fixing vegetation, N atmospheric deposition, and human and other animal waste. To determine the relative contribution of urban vs. rural agricultural activities to N loads from the Seattle region to the Puget Sound, we used the Net Anthropogenic Nitrogen Inputs (NANI) calculator developed by Hong et al. (2011) for the watersheds of this region. The NANI calculator uses nationally available datasets to calculate NANI as the sum of oxidized N deposition, fertilizer application, agricultural N fixation, net food and feed inputs, and net animal and human N consumption. We found that NANI ranged from approximately 100 to 1500 kg m-2 y-1, with some of the highest rates in watersheds with high impervious surface or agricultural areas with N-fixing crops or large fertilizer additions. Many of the agricultural watersheds have intervening low-NANI watershed between themselves and the coast, thus it is likely that agricultural NANI is attenuated before entering the Puget Sound. The urban areas in the region do not have these attenuating watersheds, and so are likely to be the main contributor to the observed total aquatic N yield. This information is helpful for developing policies to reduce N loading to the Sound.

  18. 77 FR 12514 - Drawbridge Operation Regulation; Hood Canal, WA

    2012-03-01

    ... hundred feet unless the maximum opening of 600 feet is requested. The current regulations remain in effect... able to plan their trips to avoid the restricted period. Small Entities Under the Regulatory... their fields, and governmental jurisdictions with populations of less than 50,000. The Coast...

  19. 77 FR 28767 - Drawbridge Operation Regulation; Hood Canal, WA

    2012-05-16

    ... rush hour road traffic by reducing bridge openings, thereby reducing traffic queues and delays due to... available for inspection or copying at the Docket Management Facility (M-30), U.S. Department of... (77 FR 12514). We received 17 comments on the proposed ] rule. No public meeting was requested,...

  20. 76 FR 19290 - Safety Zone; Commencement Bay, Tacoma, WA

    2011-04-07

    ... 28'43'' W; thence south easterly to Latitude 47 17'4'' N, Longitude 122 27'32'' W; thence south... the following coordinates: Latitude 47 17'38'' N, Longitude 122 28'43'' W; thence south easterly...

  1. 75 FR 34154 - Ridgefield National Wildlife Refuge, Clark County, WA

    2010-06-16

    ..., waterbirds, migratory landbirds, and raptors. Background The CCP Process The National Wildlife Refuge System... largest contiguous sanctuary for dusky Canada geese and sandhill cranes on the south end of the refuge....

  2. DOE ZERH Case Study: Dwell Development, Reclaimed Modern, Seattle, WA

    none,

    2015-09-01

    Case study of a DOE 2015 Housing Innovation Award winning custom home in the cold climate that got a HERS 30 without PV, with 2x8 24” on center walls with blown fiberglass and 4” polysio rigid foam; basement with 2” XPS interior, 4” under slab, 4” exterior of foundation wall; vented attic with R-100 blown cellulose; wo air-to-air heat pumps SEER 14.1; HSPF 9.6; heat pump water heater.

  3. 76 FR 31853 - Safety Zone; Commencement Bay, Tacoma, WA

    2011-06-02

    ... it under that Order. The Coast Guard bases this finding on the fact that the safety zone is small in size, short in duration, and maritime traffic will be able to safely transit the area outside of this safety zone. Maritime traffic may also request permission to transit through the zone from the Captain...

  4. Resident Fish Stock above Chief Joseph and Grand Coulee Dams; 2002 Annual Report.

    Connor, Jason M. (Kalispel Department of Natural Resources, Usk, WA); McLellan, Jason G. (Washington Department of Fish and Wildlife, Spokane, WA); Butler, Chris (Spokane Tribe of Indians, Department of Natural Resources, Wellpinit, WA)

    2003-09-01

    . The initial year of the project (1997) identified the need for a central data storage and analysis facility, coordination with the StreamNet project, compilation of Blocked Area fisheries information, and a report on the ecological condition of the Spokane River System. These needs were addressed in 1998 by acquiring a central location with a data storage and analysis system, coordinating a pilot project with StreamNet, compiling fisheries distribution data throughout the Blocked Area, identifying data gaps based on compiled information, and researching the ecological condition of the Spokane River. In order to ensure that any additional information collected throughout the life of this project will be easily stored and manipulated by the central storage facility, it was necessary to develop standardized methodologies between the JSAP fisheries managers. Common collection and analytical methodologies were developed in 1999. In 1999, 2000, and 2001 the project began addressing some of the identified data gaps throughout the Blocked Area. Data collection of established projects and a variety of newly developed sampling projects are ongoing. Projects developed and undertaken by JSAP fisheries managers include investigations of the Pend Orielle River and its tributaries, the Little Spokane River and its tributaries, and water bodies within and near the Spokane Indian Reservation. Migration patterns of adfluvial and reservoir fish in Box Canyon Reservoir and its tributaries, a baseline assessment of Boundary Reservoir and its tributaries, ecological assessment of mountain lakes in Pend Oreille County, and assessments of streams and lakes on the Spokane Indian Reservation were completed by 2001. Assessments of the Little Spokane River and its tributaries, tributaries to the Pend Oreille River, small lakes in Pend Oreille County, WA, and water bodies within and near the Spokane Indian Reservation were conducted in 2002. This work was done in accordance with the scope of work

  5. Association between Depressive Symptoms and Metabolic Syndrome in Police Officers: Results from Two Cross-Sectional Studies

    Hartley, Tara A.; Knox, Sarah S.; Fekedulegn, Desta; Barbosa-Leiker, Celestina; Violanti, John M.; Andrew, Michael E.; Burchfiel, Cecil M.

    2012-01-01

    Policing is one of the most dangerous and stressful occupations and such stress can have deleterious effects on health. The purpose of this study was to examine the association between depressive symptoms and metabolic syndrome (MetSyn) in male and female police officers from two study populations, Buffalo, NY and Spokane, WA. Depressive symptoms were measured using the Center for Epidemiologic Studies-Depression (CES-D) scale. MetSyn was defined using the 2005 AHA/NHBLI guidelines. Analysis of covariance was used to describe differences in number of MetSyn components across depressive symptom categories. The number of MetSyn components increased significantly across categories of CES-D for Spokane men only (p-trend = 0.003). For each 5-unit increase in CES-D score, odds increased by 47.6% for having hypertriglyceridemia, by 51.8% for having hypertension, and by 56.7% for having glucose intolerance. Exploring this association is important since both are predictors of future chronic health problems and the results could be helpful in developing future gender-specific prevention and intervention efforts among police officers. PMID:22315628

  6. Association between Depressive Symptoms and Metabolic Syndrome in Police Officers: Results from Two Cross-Sectional Studies

    Tara A. Hartley

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available Policing is one of the most dangerous and stressful occupations and such stress can have deleterious effects on health. The purpose of this study was to examine the association between depressive symptoms and metabolic syndrome (MetSyn in male and female police officers from two study populations, Buffalo, NY and Spokane, WA. Depressive symptoms were measured using the Center for Epidemiologic Studies-Depression (CES-D scale. MetSyn was defined using the 2005 AHA/NHBLI guidelines. Analysis of covariance was used to describe differences in number of MetSyn components across depressive symptom categories. The number of MetSyn components increased significantly across categories of CES-D for Spokane men only (p-trend = 0.003. For each 5-unit increase in CES-D score, odds increased by 47.6% for having hypertriglyceridemia, by 51.8% for having hypertension, and by 56.7% for having glucose intolerance. Exploring this association is important since both are predictors of future chronic health problems and the results could be helpful in developing future gender-specific prevention and intervention efforts among police officers.

  7. How gender disparities drive imbalances in health care leadership

    Hoss MAK

    2011-11-01

    Full Text Available Mary Ann Keogh Hoss1, Paula Bobrowski2, Kathryn J McDonagh3, Nancy M Paris41Health Services Administration, Eastern Washington University, College of Business and Public Administration, Spokane, WA, USA; 2College of Liberal Arts, Auburn University, Auburn, AL, USA; 3Executive Relations, Hospira Inc, Lake Forest, IL, USA; 4Georgia Center for Oncology Research and Education, Atlanta, GA, USAAbstract: Low female representation in US hospital chief executive officer positions has persisted for decades. This article addresses gender disparity in professional development, the rationale for gender differences, and practical strategies to address this imbalance. The health care workforce consists of 75% women, but according to two recent surveys, ie, a state survey and a survey of the top 100 US hospitals, women hold only about 12% of chief executive officer positions in US hospitals. Significant and dedicated efforts by both individuals and organizations are necessary to rectify this imbalance.Keywords: gender, imbalance, leadership, United States, hospitals

  8. A thick homogeneous vegetated cover design proves cost - and schedule-effective for the reclamation of uranium mills sites near Spokane, Washington

    Blacklaw, J.; Robertson, G.; Stoffel, D.; Ahmad, J.; Fordham, E. [Washington State Dept. of Health, Olympia, WA (United States)] [and others

    1997-08-01

    The Washington State Department of Health (WDOH) has licensed two medium sized uranium mills with tailings impoundments covering 28 and 40 hectares (70 and 100 acres), respectively, The uranium mill licensees have submitted closure and reclamation plans to the state, and site-specific conditions have determined the closure design features, Conventional uranium mill cover designs usually incorporate an overall cap of one to three meters, which includes a low-permeability clay barrier layer. A technical evaluation of several uranium mill facilities that used this design was published in the fall of 1994 and reported that unexpected vegetation root damage had occurred in the low-permeability clay (or bentonite amended) barrier layers. The technical report suggested that the low-permeability design feature at some sites could be compromised within a very short time and the regulatory goal of 1,000 years performance might not be achieved. In October 1994, WDOH sponsored a technical forum meeting to consider design alternatives to address these reliability concerns. Representatives from the federal government, nuclear industry, licensees, engineering firms, and state regulatory agencies attended the workshop. Risk factors considered in the evaluation of the uranium mill reclamation plans include: (1) radon gas emanation through the cover (the air pathway), and (2) migration of hazardous and/or radioactive constituents (the groundwater pathway). Additional design considerations include site structural stability, longevity of 1,000 years, and no active (ongoing) maintenance. 9 refs.

  9. Proceedings of the International Symposium on Frozen Soil Impacts on Agricultural, Range, and Forest Lands Held at Spokane, Washington on March 21-22, 1990

    1990-03-01

    Thoms-Hjirpe (1986) Simulated and measured soil water dynamics of unfertilized and fertilized barley. Acta Agricultura Scendinavica, Vol. 36, pp. 162...27, No. 2-3, pp. 89-109. Steen, E., P.-E. Jansson and J. Persson (1984) Experimental site of the ’Ecology of Arable Land’ project. Acta Agricultura ...the 38 degree North Latitude line but the high mountain ranges of New Mexico , Arizona, and California. Therefore, knowledge of the complex phenomena

  10. Al-Islām wa al-Madd wa al-Jazr fī al-‘Alāqāt bayn al-Dīn wa al-Dawlah fī Indonesia

    Ismatu Ropi

    2016-09-01

    Full Text Available This article reviews the complex contestation between religion and state in terms of the Muslims role in the formation of nation state since Indonesia’s independence. The article’s first part discusses the emergence of new middle-class Muslims that played a key role in the Islamization process and contribute to the emergence of Islamist attitudes and behavior. These attitudes tend to be strengthened and lead the potential latent extremism endangering multiculturalism and multireligious life in Indonesia. The article’s second part focuses on the long history of the Muslims role as majority groups in the formation of the constitution’s nomenclature relating to the position of religion in the state system. The new middle-class Muslims also have a desire to achieve their dreams exposing the greater portion of religion in public sphere. It can be seen from the strengthening of those Muslims activists in the parliament to transform the comprehensive meaning of the concept of God.DOI: 10.15408/sdi.v23i2.3715

  11. Al-Islām wa al-qānūn wa al-dawlah: Dirāsah fī fikri Ki Bagus Hadikusumo wa dawrihi

    Sudarnoto Abdul Hakim

    2014-07-01

    Full Text Available This article discusses the intellectual and political biography of Ki Bagus Hadikusumo, a prominent Muslim leader in Indonesia. He was born in Yogyakarta where he grew up  in a Muslim priyayi family of Kauman in the city. This study explains that the Sufi tradition of Pesantren Wonokromo in Yogyakarta deeply influenced his religious thoughts. Later, he was noted as one of the first students of K.H. Ahmad Dahlan, the founder of Muhammadiyah. It is clear that he was under a strong intellectual, ideological and religious influence of Dahlan. He published works on Islamic theology, Fiqh, Sufism, and also on Islam and state. During the Japanese occupation, he  became the Chairman of Muhammadiyah organization . Ki Bagus was also known as a prominent leader of political parties, i.e. PII, MIAI, Masyumi and then a prominent member of BPUPKI, an important element of Indonesian independence in 1945. Representing a nationalist-Islamist wing, he greatly contributed to the politics of early modern Indonesia by (1 preparing  the Indonesian constitution, and (2 providing solid arguments for Muslims to accept Pancasila as the nation’s state ideology.Copyright (c 2014 by SDI. All right reserved.DOI: 10.15408/sdi.v21i1.881

  12. AL-HAMZAH WA ASHWAT AL-ILLAH BAINA AL-WASHFI AL-NUTHQI WA AL-BINYAH AL-MAQTHAIYYAH

    Musthafa Bani Dziyab

    2016-07-01

    Full Text Available This study investigates the relation between the hamza and vowel sounds as it offers the phonetics' characteristics for both hamza and vowel sounds in their separatedly contexts and for the effect of phonetics' contexts on their phonetics' characteristics. This study concludes that there is a symmetrical relation between the characteristics of the hamza and vowel sounds specially when the vowel sounds come after (a at the end of the word. In addition to what had been mentioned, this study elaborates the effect of syllabic structure in Arabic on the phonetics' sequences for the vowel sounds which lead to the convert of (w and (y to hamza after (a. This conversion is discussed despite the difficulties of the articulations of the sounds.

  13. A framework for systematic evaluation of health information infrastructure progress in communities.

    Labkoff, Steven E; Yasnoff, William A

    2007-04-01

    It is widely agreed that major improvements in the safety, quality, and efficiency of health care in the US require a National Health Information Infrastructure. To accomplish this, efforts are now underway in many communities to build local or regional health information infrastructures (HIIs) that provide secure, ubiquitous access to complete health care information. To facilitate the assessment and monitoring of the progress of operational HIIs toward completion, we propose a framework of four key measures of requirements that must be ultimately be met: (1) completeness of information, (2) degree of usage, (3) types of usage, and (4) financial sustainability. To evaluate the framework, it was used by the authors to qualitatively assess HII projects in cooperation with four leading communities, resulting in ratings of 78% for Bellingham, WA, 63% for Indianapolis, IN, 60% for South Bend, IN, and 74% for Spokane, WA. Qualitative assessment of community HII systems may be helpful in monitoring progress, comparing projects, and understanding the remaining tasks needed for completion. Additional testing and refinement of the proposed framework is needed to further understand and improve HII progress measurement capabilities.

  14. A Modern Analog to the Depositional Age Problem: Zircon and Apatite Fission Track and U-Pb Age Distributions by LA-ICP-MS

    Donelick, H. M.; Donelick, M. B.; Donelick, R. A.

    2012-12-01

    Sand from three river systems in North Idaho (Snake River near Lewiston, Clearwater River near Lewiston and the Salmon River near White Bird) and two regional ash fall events (Mt. Mazama and Mt. St. Helens) were collected for zircon U-Pb detrital age analysis. Up to 120 grains of zircon per sample were ablated using a Resonetics M-50 193 nm ArF Excimer laser ablation (LA) system and the Pb, Th, and U isotopic signals were quantified using an Agilent 7700x quadrupole inductively coupled plasma-mass spectrometer (ICP-MS). Isotopic signals for major, minor, and trace elements, including all REEs, were also monitored. The youngest zircon U-Pb ages from the river samples were approximately 44 Ma; Cenozoic Idaho Batholith and Precambrian Belt Supergroup ages were well represented. Significant common Pb contamination of the Clearwater River sample (e.g., placer native Cu was observed in the sample) precluded detailed analysis of the zircon U-Pb ages but no interpretable ages <44 Ma were observed. Interestingly, not one of the river samples yielded zircon U-Pb ages near 0 Ma, despite all three catchment areas having received significant ash from Mt. St. Helens in 1980, and Mount Mazama 7,700 years ago, and no doubt other events during the Quaternary. Work currently in progress seeks to address bias against near 0 Ma ages in the catchment areas due to: a) small, local ash fall grain sizes and b) overwhelming number of older grains relative to the ash fall grains. Data from Mt. St. Helens ash from several localities near the mountain (Toutle River and Maple Flats, WA) and several far from the mountain (Spokane, WA; Princeton, ID; Kalispell, MT) and Mt. Mazama ash fall deposits near Lewiston, ID and Spokane, WA will be presented to address these possibilities. Additionally, fission track and U-Pb ages from apatites collected from these river and ash fall samples will also be shown to help constrain the problem.

  15. Formation of Chiral a-Monofluorinated-.8-amino Esters through Organocatalytic Asymmetric Reduction of a-Fluoro-j3-enamino Esters by Trichlorosilane

    张鹏; 王超; 周莉; 孙健

    2012-01-01

    A concise method was developed to prepare chiral a-monofluorinated-β-amino esters through N-sulfinyl urea catalyzed asymmetric hydrosilylation of a-fluoro-β-enamino esters, which affords high yields, good to high di- astereoselectivities (up to〉99/1), and moderate to good enantioselectivities (up to 83% ee).

  16. The eicosapentaenoic acid metabolite 15-deoxy-δ(12,14-prostaglandin J3 increases adiponectin secretion by adipocytes partly via a PPARγ-dependent mechanism.

    Jennifer Lefils-Lacourtablaise

    Full Text Available The intake of ω-3 polyunsaturated fatty acids (PUFAs, which are abundant in marine fish meat and oil, has been shown to exert many beneficial effects. The mechanisms behind those effects are numerous, including interference with the arachidonic acid cascade that produces pro-inflammatory eicosanoids, formation of novel bioactive lipid mediators, and change in the pattern of secreted adipocytokines. In our study, we show that eicosapentaenoic acid (EPA increases secreted adiponectin from 3T3-L1 adipocytes and in plasma of mice as early as 4 days after initiation of an EPA-rich diet. Using 3T3-L1 adipocytes, we report for the first time that 15-deoxy-δ(12,14-PGJ3 (15d-PGJ3, a product of EPA, also increases the secretion of adiponectin. We demonstrate that the increased adiponectin secretion induced by 15d-PGJ3 is partially peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor-gamma (PPAR-γ-mediated. Finally, we show that 3T3-L1 adipocytes can synthesize 15d-PGJ3 from EPA. 15d-PGJ3 was also detected in adipose tissue from EPA-fed mice. Thus, these studies provide a novel mechanism(s for the therapeutic benefits of ω-3 polyunsaturated fatty acids dietary supplementation.

  17. States of ρB{sup *} anti B{sup *} with J = 3 within the fixed center approximation to Faddeev equations

    Bayar, M. [Kocaeli University, Department of Physics, Izmit (Turkey); Centro Mixto Universidad de Valencia-CSIC, Institutos de Investigacion de Paterna, Departamento de Fisica Teorica and IFIC, Aptdo. 22085, Valencia (Spain); Fernandez-Soler, P.; Sun, Zhi-Feng; Oset, E. [Centro Mixto Universidad de Valencia-CSIC, Institutos de Investigacion de Paterna, Departamento de Fisica Teorica and IFIC, Aptdo. 22085, Valencia (Spain)

    2016-04-15

    In this work we study the ρB{sup *} anti B{sup *} three-body system solving the Faddeev equations in the fixed center approximation. We assume the B{sup *} anti B{sup *} system forming a cluster, and in terms of the two-body ρB{sup *} unitarized scattering amplitudes in the local hidden gauge approach we find a new I(J{sup PC}) = 1(3{sup -}) state. The mass of the new state corresponds to a two-particle invariant mass of the ρB{sup *} system close to the resonant energy of the *, indicating that the role of this J = 2 resonance is important in the dynamical generation of the new state. (orig.)

  18. NAZHARIYAH AL-'AMIL WA TADLAFUR AL-QARA'IN INDA TAMMAM HASAN

    Taufik Luthfi

    2016-06-01

    Full Text Available The researcher attempts to identify the thoughts of Tamman Hassan concerning Tadhafur Al-Qarain and Amil theories in Arabic language grammar. This research is qualitative descriptive research. The data of this reseach based on Tamman Hassan’s legacy concerning the subject of tadhafur al-qarain. This study is based upon two main subjects, namely analysis of the content of the book and compares with the thoughts of other scholars. The study concluded that the new concept devised by Tammam Hassan called tadhafur al-qarain theory. This theory rejects the concept of ‘amil from classic grammar experts in grammatical analysis and understanding of Arabic texts. Tammam Hassan then replaces the concept of ‘amil, by analysis of the link between ma’na and mabna.DOI : 10.15408/a.v3i1.2911

  19. 2006 Puget Sound LiDAR Consortium (PSLC) Topographic LiDAR: Lewis County, WA

    National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, Department of Commerce — Watershed Sciences, Inc. collected Light Detection and Ranging (LiDAR) data of Western Lewis County for the Puget Sound LiDAR Consortium. This data set covers...

  20. 76 FR 20707 - Cle Elum Dam Fish Passage Facilities and Fish Reintroduction Project; Kittitas County, WA

    2011-04-13

    ... Bureau of Reclamation Cle Elum Dam Fish Passage Facilities and Fish Reintroduction Project; Kittitas... Environmental Impact Statement (FEIS) for the Cle Elum Dam Fish Passage Facilities and Fish Reintroduction... FEIS on the proposed Cle Elum Dam Fish Passage Facilities and Fish Reintroduction Project....

  1. Technical Evaluation of Biogeochemical Transformation of Iodine at 200-UP-1, Hanford, WA

    Lee, M. H.; Cordova, E.; Brooks, S.; Moser, E.; Wells, J.; Lee, B.

    2015-12-01

    From the 1940s through the early 1990s, liquid wastes from materials used and produced at the Hanford Site were disposed to the ground through cribs, ditches, ponds, and trenches. Primary groundwater and vadose zone contaminants include carbon tetrachloride, uranium, nitrate, chromium, 129I, 99Tc, and tritium. Iodine-129 is of environmental concern due to its long half-life, mobility, and hazardous potential to humans through bioaccumulation, and is one of the primary risk drivers for the Hanford site. The 200 West area of the Hanford Site contains two separate plumes covering 1,500 acres where 129I concentrations are ~3.5 pCi/L in Hanford groundwater. Speciation analysis shows that iodate comprises 70.6% of the iodine present, and organo-iodide and iodide comprise 25.8% and 3.6% respectively. While hydraulic containment is the currently selected remedy for 129I in the groundwater, there is currently no remedy selected for controlling migration of 129I from the vadose zone to the groundwater. Research is currently underway to develop a site conceptual model for understanding the biogeochemical drivers for iodine speciation and determine the processes that drive the fate and transport of 129I through the vadose zone and into groundwater. These data will provide the information to decrease the uncertainty related to the inventory, distribution, and transport properties which will lead to appropriate treatment strategies for the 129I plume(s). Understanding the mechanisms and contributors to iodine speciation is important in order to develop bioremediation strategies for contaminated areas. The effect that microbial communities and humic acid have on iodine speciation and sorption was explored using Ringold sediment from the 200 West Area exposed to varying levels of 129I contamination in conjunction with varying growth media constituents. Several isolates obtained from these batch studies have been shown to reduce over 80% of iodate present in growth media when nitrate was present. No iodate reduction was observed in the absence of nitrate. Additionally, several isolates have been identified that can oxidize iodide. Currently, analytical techniques are underway to quantify the effect of microbial interaction on iodine speciation along with characterization of these diverse microbial isolates.

  2. Using Low Frequency Earthquakes to Examine Slow Slip Beneath the Olympic Peninsula, WA

    Chestler, S.; Creager, K. C.; Sweet, J. R.

    2014-12-01

    Using data from the Array of Arrays (AofA) and Cascadia Arrays for Earthscope (CAFE) experiments we found 61 families of low frequency earthquakes (LFEs) beneath the Olympic Peninsula, Washington. Detections within each family range from Mw1-2. We cross-correlated 6-second long windows within 99 separate hours of tremor data during the 2010 and 2011 Episodic Tremor and Slip (ETS) events. For each hour, we stacked the autocorrelation functions from a set of 7 three-component base stations chosen for their high signal-to-noise ratios. We extracted windows with correlation coefficients higher than 9 times the median absolute deviation. These time windows contain our preliminary LFE detections. We clustered the time windows and produced template waveforms by stacking the waveforms corresponding to a given cluster. By scanning templates through the entire time period when the AofA network was active (June 2009 - September 2010 and August 2011), we identify bursts of LFE activity lasting 2-10 days during times of known tremor [Wech, 2010], including the August 2010 and 2011 ETS events and three tremor swarms in November 2009, March 2010, and July 2010, each of which is assumed to signify a slow-slip event (SSE). During the larger ETS events, we can identify the passage of the main rupture front, rapid tremor reversals and/or dip-parallel streaks. These alternate propagation modes are less obvious during smaller SSEs. We examine the spatial extent of the SSEs by determining which families were active during each event. While all families were active during the 2010 and 2011 ETS events, fewer families were active during the smaller SSEs. The families active during smaller SSEs are located farther down dip. Finally, we are applying double-difference methods to obtain more robust LFE locations, which will shed light on the patchy structure of the plate interface.

  3. 77 FR 37600 - Safety Zone; Arctic Drilling and Support Vessels, Puget Sound, WA

    2012-06-22

    ... Security FR Federal Register NPRM Notice of Proposed Rulemaking A. Regulatory History and Information The..., FENNICA, TOISA DAUNTLESS, TOR VIKING II, HARVEY EXPLORER, HARVEY SPIRIT, HARVY SISUAQ, AIVIQ, NANUQ... Sound COTP Zone: NOBLE DISCOVERER, KULLUK, NORDICA, FENNICA, TOISA DAUNTLESS, TOR VIKING II,...

  4. port_townsend_wa_1-3_arc-second_mhw.new.grd

    National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, Department of Commerce — NGDC builds and distributes high-resolution, coastal digital elevation models (DEMs) that integrate ocean bathymetry and land topography to support NOAA's mission to...

  5. DCS Terrain Submission for White River-Pierce County, WA PMR

    Federal Emergency Management Agency, Department of Homeland Security — Terrain data, as defined in FEMA Guidelines and Specifications, Appendix M: Data Capture Standards, describes the digital topographic data that was used to create...

  6. 76 FR 48177 - Notice of Inventory Completion: Washington State Department of Natural Resources, Olympia, WA...

    2011-08-08

    ... National Park Service Notice of Inventory Completion: Washington State Department of Natural Resources... Service, Interior. ACTION: Notice. SUMMARY: The Washington State Department of Natural Resources and the... Natural Resources. Repatriation of the human remains and associated funerary object to the Indian...

  7. 76 FR 9051 - Notice of Inventory Completion: Washington State Department of Natural Resources, Olympia, WA and...

    2011-02-16

    ... National Park Service Notice of Inventory Completion: Washington State Department of Natural Resources... inventory of human remains in the control of the Washington State Department of Natural Resources, Olympia... control of the Washington State Department of Natural Resources at the time of removal, and as such...

  8. 78 FR 68088 - Dungeness National Wildlife Refuge, Clallam County, WA; Comprehensive Conservation Plan and...

    2013-11-13

    ... emphasis on protecting and maintaining forested, near shore, freshwater wetland, and stream- riparian... structures, coordination with State, Tribal, and other partners; cultural resources protection, and land protection within the approved Refuge boundary. All actions are subject to funding availability....

  9. DOE Zero Energy Ready Home Case Study: Clifton View Homes — Kaltenbach Residence, Clinton, WA

    none,

    2014-09-01

    This home on Whidbey Island won a Custom Builder award in the 2014 Housing Innovation Awards. The DOE Zero Energy Ready Home scores HERS 37 without PV or HERS -13 with 10 kW PV, enough to power the home and an electric car.

  10. 2015 Puget Sound LiDAR Consortium (PSLC) LiDAR: WA DNR Lands (P2)

    National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, Department of Commerce — In June 2014, WSI, a Quantum Spatial Inc. (QSI) company, was contracted by the Puget Sound LiDAR Consortium (PSLC) to collect Light Detection and Ranging (LiDAR)...

  11. 2015 Puget Sound LiDAR Consortium (PSLC) LiDAR: WA DNR Lands (P1)

    National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, Department of Commerce — In June 2014, WSI, a Quantum Spatial Inc. (QSI) company, was contracted by the Puget Sound LiDAR Consortium (PSLC) to collect Light Detection and Ranging (LiDAR)...

  12. 75 FR 60352 - Proposed Modification of the Seattle, WA, Class B Airspace Area; Public Meetings

    2010-09-30

    ... triplicate, to: Clark Desing, Manager, Operations Support Group, AJV-W2, Western Service Center, Air Traffic... CONTACT: To obtain details including a graphic depiction regarding this proposal, please contact...

  13. 78 FR 5151 - Proposed Amendment of Class E Airspace; Omak, WA

    2013-01-24

    ... 12866; (2) is not a ``significant rule'' under DOT Regulatory Policies and Procedures (44 FR 11034..., 40113, 40120; E.O. 10854, 24 FR 9565, 3 CFR, 1959-1963 Comp., p. 389. Sec. 71.1 0 2. The incorporation... Nondirectional Radio Beacon (NDB) has made this action necessary for the safety and management of...

  14. 75 FR 45055 - Security Zone; 2010 Seattle Seafair Fleet Week Moving Vessels, Puget Sound, WA

    2010-08-02

    ... event draws large crowds and a number of vessels that are under inherent security risks due to their... Ch 16. Requests must include the reason why movement within the security zones is necessary....

  15. 78 FR 31412 - Drawbridge Operation Regulation; Thea Foss Waterway Previously Known as City Waterway, Tacoma, WA

    2013-05-24

    ... jurisdictions with populations of less than 50,000. The Coast Guard received no comments from the Small Business... Regulation and Regulatory Review, and does not require an assessment of potential costs and benefits under... small entities during rulemaking. The term ``small entities'' comprises small businesses,...

  16. What Do They Do In OUAGADOUGOU? (Wa-ga-do-goo) Discovering Other Cultures.

    Roessler, Michael

    This document consists of the documentation and worksheets that accompany a computer program available on diskette. The computer program is designed to reinforce and enhance a student's knowledge of global geography through a game format. In each game, students are given clues and challenged to identify five different countries that have been…

  17. Somaclonal variation in tissue culture of banana cv. 'Kluai Num Wa'[Musa (ABB group

    Te-chato, S.

    2007-05-01

    Full Text Available Two types of cytokinins, 6-Benzyladenine (BA and/or coconut water (CW and pH of medium were studied for their effects on shoot formation, growth and somaclonal variation of banana tissue culture. Thecultures were carried out on Murashige and Skoog (MS medium for 30 days. The average shoot length (5.82 cm was obtained in liquid medium supplemented with 15% CW. While a high number of shoots at 3.8shoots/explant were obtained in liquid medium supplemented with 5 mg/l BA. For fresh weight, liquid medium supplemented with 5 mg/l BA in combination with 15% CW gave the best results (2.26 g/shoot. Anoptimum pH for promotion shoot length (5.67 cm was 5.6 whereas the lower value (pH 4 promoted a high number of shoot formation (3.89 shoots/explant. The highest fresh weight of 1.33 g/shoot was obtained onmedium adjusted pH to 8. After maintaining the shoots by successive subculturing (3-4 week-intervals on MS medium with 5 mg/l BA several morphological abnormalities were obtained. Among those, chloroticleaves (1.5% were firstly observed in the first subculture and increased to 3% in the second subculture. Moreover, a narrow leaf at 25.76% was also observed in this period. Further subculture, more somaclonalvariation, such as a thin long shoots, nodular shoots and bamboo-like leaf, appeared. Isozyme marker revealed a difference in zymogram patterns among those somaclonal variants.

  18. Numerical Simulation of Admiralty Inlet, WA, with Tidal Hydrokinetic Turbine Siting Application

    Thyng, Kristen M.

    Tidal hydrokinetic energy has been recognized as a potential source of sustainable, renewable energy. In order to properly site turbines for commercial-scale development, the complex flow conditions in a potential deployment region must be understood. Viable locations for turbines are limited by many factors, including underwater space that is above the bottom boundary layer, below shipping traffic, within areas of strong currents, and yet avoids additional fatiguing stresses. The primary area of interest in the Puget Sound for commercial tidal energy development is Admiralty Inlet, which includes potentially disruptive flow features such as vortices and strong turbulence. This dissertation seeks to increase the body of knowledge of these features both from an oceanographic perspective and as they pertain to turbine site characterization. The primary means of studying Admiralty Inlet in this document is through numerical simulation of the region using the Regional Ocean Modeling System (ROMS). The model output is found to compare well with field data, capturing eddy fields, turbulence properties, relative tidal phases, and illuminating many flow features. Horizontal velocities in the simulation are, on average, approximately 75% the size of those found in the data. This speed deficiency is inherited from the forcing model in which the Admiralty Inlet simulation is nested. The model output also shows that the flow field of this fjord-like estuary is largely affected by a headland on the northeast side of the Inlet. Vortices generated by this headland, Admiralty Head, are found to vary considerably depending on the tidal cycle. The eddies can persist beyond the half-cycle of generation to significantly affect the horizontal speed and other flow field properties in the subsequent half-cycle. Detailed analysis of the vertical vorticity governing equation shows that advection, tilting, stretching, and boundary generation are the most significant processes dictating the behavior of the vorticity. Turbulence modeling in the simulation is carried out via a k-epsilon turbulence closure scheme. Comparisons of model output with high resolution field data show the model to perform reasonably well: predicted Reynolds stress and turbulent dissipation rate values are usually within a factor of two of the field data. The turbulent kinetic energy from the simulation compares well with field data that is restricted to the frequency range of classical turbulence. The energy density spectrum of the data is found to follow Kolmogorov's theory beyond the inertial subrange. Using this fact and Taylor's frozen field approximation, an inferred calculation for the turbulent kinetic energy is derived that spans the full frequency range of the data set. The output from the inferred calculation compares well with the full turbulent kinetic energy from the field data. Maps of metrics for tidal turbine siting are generated that address many considerations for turbine placement, and can be adjusted for the model's speed deficiency with a simple multiplication factor. Among the possible best locations for turbine deployment are north of Point Wilson on the west side of Admiralty Inlet and near the center of the channel between Point Wilson and Admiralty Head. These locations have a strong tidal resource available along with highly bi-directional tidal currents and low turbulence levels.

  19. 76 FR 73664 - Notice of Inventory Completion: Washington State University, Museum of Anthropology, Pullman, WA

    2011-11-29

    ... were found among a large set of remains known as the former ``WSU Teaching Collection'' which was used... Tribes''); and the Wanapum Band, a non-Federally recognized Indian group (hereinafter referred to as ``The Indian Group''). History and Description of the Remains At some date between 1950 and 1970,...

  20. 77 FR 13626 - Notice of Inventory Completion: Maxey Museum, Whitman College, Walla Walla, WA

    2012-03-07

    ... determined that there is a cultural affiliation between the human remains and associated funerary objects and... additional claimants come forward. DATES: Representatives of any Indian tribe that believes it has a cultural... Memorial Hall, the main administrative building of Whitman College, and subsequently moved to Maxey...

  1. 75 FR 1706 - Regulated Navigation Area; U.S. Navy Submarines, Hood Canal, WA

    2010-01-13

    ... SECURITY Coast Guard 33 CFR Part 165 RIN 1625-AA11 Regulated Navigation Area; U.S. Navy Submarines, Hood... be in effect whenever any U.S. Navy submarine is operating in the Hood Canal and being escorted by the Coast Guard. The RNA is necessary to help ensure the safety and security of the submarines,...

  2. NOAA Office for Coastal Management Coastal Inundation Digital Elevation Model: Seattle (WA) WFO - Grays Harbor County

    National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, Department of Commerce — This digital elevation model (DEM) is a part of a series of DEMs produced for the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration Office for Coastal Management's Sea...

  3. 78 FR 9811 - Anchorages; Captain of the Port Puget Sound Zone, WA

    2013-02-12

    ... area with a radius of 600 yards, having its center at 48 31'09'' N, 122 34'55'' W. (11) Cap Sante Tug and Barge General Anchorage. The Cap Sante Tug and Barge General Anchorage includes all waters... northeast tip of Cap Sante; then southeast to 48 30'53'' N, 122 35'28'' W; then west southwest to 48...

  4. NOAA Office for Coastal Management Coastal Inundation Digital Elevation Model: Portland WFO (WA)

    National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, Department of Commerce — This digital elevation model (DEM) is a part of a series of DEMs produced for the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration Office for Coastal Management's Sea...

  5. 76 FR 9047 - Ridgefield National Wildlife Refuge, Clark County, WA; Final Comprehensive Conservation Plan and...

    2011-02-16

    ... waterfowl. The Refuge encompasses 5,218 acres of marshes, grasslands, and woodlands on 5 units. We preserve... and wet meadow acreage. Wetlands would be managed to increase productivity and reduce water pumping... would complete habitat assessments to guide stream and tidally influenced wetland restorations. We...

  6. 76 FR 28076 - Notice of Inventory Completion: Museum of Anthropology, Washington State University, Pullman, WA...

    2011-05-13

    ... associated funerary objects are 4 projectile points, 2 scrapers, 1 bone scraper handle, 1 lot of mussel... fabric fragments, 3 lots of nails, 2 lots of metal fragments, 3 lots of glass beads, 3 lots of...

  7. Search for the pentaquark candidate $\\Theta^+$(1540) in the hyperon beam experiment WA89

    Adamovich, M I; Baranov, S P; Barberis, D; Beck, M; Bérat, C; Beusch, W; Boss, M; Brons, S; Brückner, W; Buénerd, M; Busch, C; Büscher, C; Charignon, F; Chauvin, J; Chudakov, E A; Dersch, U; Dropmann, F; Engelfried, J; Faller, F; Fournier, A; Gerassimov, S G; Godbersen, M; Grafström, P; Haller, T; Heidrich, M; Hubbard, E; Hurst, R B; Königsmann, K C; Konorov, I; Keller, N; Martens, K; Martin, P; Masciocchi, S; Michaels, R; Müller, U; Neeb, H; Newbold, D; Newsom, C; Paul, S; Pochodzalla, J; Potashnikova, I; Povh, B; Ransome, R; Ren, Z; Epherre-Rey-Campagnolle, Marcelle; Rosner, G; Rossi, L; Rudolph, H; Scheel, C; Schmitt, L; Siebert,H W; Simon, A; Smith, V J; Thilmann, O; Trombini, A; Vesin, E; Volkemer, B; Vorwalter, K; Walcher, T; Wälder, G; Werding, R; Wittmann, E; Zavertyaev, M V

    2005-01-01

    We report on a high-statistics search for the \\t1540 resonance in $\\Sigma^-$-nucleus collisions at 340 \\gevc1 . No evidence for this resonance was found in our data sample which contains 13 millions $K^0_s \\to \\pi^+\\pi^- $ decays above background. For the decay channel $\\Theta^+ \\to K^0_s p$ and the kinematic range $x_F>$ 0.05 we find the production cross section to be $BR(\\Theta^+ \\to K^0_s p)\\cdot \\sigma_0 <$ 1.8 $\\mu$b per nucleon at 99% CL.

  8. Production of V{sup 0} pairs in the hyperon experiment WA89

    Adamovich, M.I.; Alexandrov, Yu.A.; Baranov, S.P.; Zavertyaev, M.V. [Moscow Lebedev Physics Institute, Moscow (Russian Federation); Barberis, D.; Hurst, R.B.; Rossi, L. [Dipartimento di Fisica and I.N.F.N, Sezione di Genova, Genova (Italy); Beck, M.; Brueckner, W.; Buescher, C.; Dersch, U.; Dropmann, F.; Godbersen, M.; Haller, T.; Heidrich, M.; Hubbard, E.; Neeb, H.; Povh, B.; Ren, Z.; Trombini, A.; Vorwalter, K.; Werding, R.; Wittmann, E. [Max-Planck-Institut fuer Kernphysik Heidelberg, Heidelberg (Germany); Berat, C.; Buenerd, M.; Charignon, F.; Chauvin, J.; Fournier, A.; Martin, P.; Vesin, E. [Universite de Grenoble, Institut des Sciences Nucleaires, Grenoble Cedex (France); Beusch, W.; Grafstroem, P. [CERN, Geneve 23 (Switzerland); Boss, M.; Busch, C.; Keller, N. [Universitaet Heidelberg, Physikalisches Institut, Heidelberg (Germany); Brons, S. [Max-Planck-Institut fuer Kernphysik Heidelberg, Heidelberg (Germany)]|[TRIUMF, Vancouver, B.C. (Canada); Chudakov, E.A. [Universitaet Heidelberg, Physikalisches Institut, Heidelberg (Germany)]|[Thomas Jefferson Lab, Newport News, VA (United States); Engelfried, J. [Universitaet Heidelberg, Physikalisches Institut, Heidelberg (Germany)]|[Universidad Autonoma de San Luis Potosi, Instituto de Fisica, S.L.P. (Mexico); Faller, F. [Universitaet Heidelberg, Physikalisches Institut, Heidelberg (Germany)]|[Fraunhofer Institut fuer Solar Energiesysteme, Freiburg (Germany); Gerassimov, S.G.; Konorov, I. [Moscow Lebedev Physics Inst., Moscow (Russian Federation)]|[Max-Planck-Inst. fuer Kernphysik Heidelberg, Heidelberg (Germany)]|[Technische Univ. Muenchen, Physik Dept. E18, Garching (Germany); Koenigsmann, K. [Max-Planck-Inst. fuer Kernphysik Heidelberg, Heidelberg (Germany)]|[Univ. Freiburg, Fakultaet fuer Physik, Freiburg (Germany); Kovalenko, S.; Thilmann, O.; Waelder, G. [Univ. Tecnica Federico Santa Maria, Dept. de Fisica y Centro de Estudios Subatomicos, Valparaiso (Chile); Martens, K. [and others

    2007-12-15

    We present a comprehensive study of the inclusive production of V{sup 0}V{sup 0} pairs (V{sup 0}={lambda}, anti {lambda} or K{sub S}) by {sigma}{sup -} and {pi}{sup -} of 340 GeV/c momentum and neutrons of 260 GeV/c mean momentum in copper and carbon targets. In particular, the dependence of the x{sub F} spectra on the combination of beam-particle and produced V{sup 0}V{sup 0} pair is investigated and compared to predictions obtained from PYTHIA and QSGM calculations. The data and these predictions differ in many details, the agreement can at best be termed as qualitative. A signal from decays of the tensor meson f'{sub 2}(1525) was observed in the K{sub S}K{sub S} mass distribution and inclusive production cross sections were measured. No signal was found from the double-strange H-dibaryon decaying to {lambda}{lambda}. (orig.)

  9. 75 FR 2582 - YCR Corporation-Modified Rail Certificate-in Yakima County, WA

    2010-01-15

    ... Necessity, to lease and operate a line of railroad between Wesley Junction at milepost 0.0 \\2\\ at Toppenish... Rail Certificate, Finance Docket No. 32487 (ICC served Apr. 28, 1994). YCR states that YVR's lease with..., transferred to the County of Yakima (the County). Previously, the line was operated by two other...

  10. port_townsend_wa_1-3_arc-second_navd88.new.grd

    National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, Department of Commerce — NGDC builds and distributes high-resolution, coastal digital elevation models (DEMs) that integrate ocean bathymetry and land topography to support NOAA's mission to...

  11. DCS Survey Submission for City of Kelso PAL, Cowlitz County, WA

    Federal Emergency Management Agency, Department of Homeland Security — Survey data includes spatial datasets and data tables necessary to digitally represent data collected in the survey phase of the study. (Source: FEMA Guidelines and...

  12. Dredged Material Placement Site Capacity Analysis for Navigation Improvement Project at Grays Harbor, WA

    2012-09-01

    the bed, but also the overlying water resulting from underfilled buckets . The entrainment of water or bulking of the sediment is often described by a...that of the bucket down to smaller, sand or gravel sized bed fragments. It is difficult to measure, estimate, or describe these clumps, but they...Size and settling velocities of cohesive flocs and suspended sediment aggregates in a trailing suction hopper dredge plume. Continental Shelf Research

  13. Decontamination and decommissioning assessment for the Waste Incineration Facility (Building 232-Z) Hanford Site, [Hanford], WA

    Dean, L.N. [Advanced Sciences, Inc., (United States)

    1994-02-01

    Building 232-Z is an element of the Plutonium Finishing Plant (PFP) located in the 200 West Area of the Hanford Site. From 1961 until 1972, plutonium-bearing combustible materials were incinerated in the building. Between 1972 and 1983, following shutdown of the incinerator, the facility was used for waste segregation activities. The facility was placed in retired inactive status in 1984 and classified as a Limited Control Facility pursuant to DOE Order 5480.5, Safety of Nuclear Facilities, and 6430.1A, General Design Criteria. The current plutonium inventory within the building is estimated to be approximately 848 grams, the majority of which is retained within the process hood ventilation system. As a contaminated retired facility, Building 232-Z is included in the DOE Surplus Facility Management Program. The objective of this Decontamination and Decommissioning (D&D) assessment is to remove Building 232-Z, thereby elmininating the radiological and environmental hazards associated with the plutonium inventory within the structure. The steps to accomplish the plan objectives are: (1) identifying the locations of the most significant amounts of plutonium, (2) removing residual plutonium, (3) removing and decontaminating remaining building equipment, (4) dismantling the remaining structure, and (5) closing out the project.

  14. 78 FR 50099 - Notice of Inventory Completion: Washington State Parks and Recreation Commission, Olympia, WA

    2013-08-16

    ... sole responsibility of the museum, institution, or Federal agency that has control of the Native... first-person accounts of the types and styles of burials during and following the fur trade era...

  15. 75 FR 72781 - Buckhorn Exploration Project 2010, Okanogan-Wenatchee National Forest, Okanogan County, WA

    2010-11-26

    .... cultural, wildlife, riparian) and areas of concern identified through Baseline Study Programs. Appropriate... could affect vegetation, tourism, recreation activities, viewpoints, aesthetic enjoyment of the area... vehicles and heavy trucks, could increase noise, which could impact tourism, recreation...

  16. 77 FR 16852 - Notice of Reclassification of Five Regional Offices to Investigative Field Offices: Seattle, WA...

    2012-03-22

    ... promote more efficient responses to HUD or Congressional requests involving critical program issues; 2. Improve management control and effectiveness while improving the overall management structure; 3. Redeploy... management greater flexibility in positioning resources. The plan does involve terminating some existing...

  17. 77 FR 3111 - Safety Zone; Export Grain Terminal (EGT), Columbia River, Longview, WA

    2012-01-23

    ... Longview local International Longshore and Warehouse Union (ILWU) has also been subject to fines for... summarize our analyses based on 13 of these statutes or executive orders. Regulatory Planning and Review..., Regulatory Planning and Review, as supplemented by Executive Order 13563, Improving Regulation and...

  18. Consent, compulsion and confidentiality in relation to testing for HIV infection: the views of WA doctors.

    Grove, D I; Mulligan, J B

    1990-02-19

    A survey was undertaken of all of the consultant staff members of Perth's major teaching hospitals together with all the fellows of The Royal Australian College of General Practitioners in Western Australia in order to define their views on the issues of informed consent, compulsion in relation to surgery, and confidentiality in a particular circumstance, when testing for infection with the human immunodeficiency virus (HIV). Of the 701 individuals surveyed, 548 (78.2%) responded. Of these, 74.3% considered that it was not always necessary to gain informed consent, 22.0% believed that it was always necessary to do so, while 2.3% were undecided. General practitioners (38.4%) were more likely to think it necessary to obtain consent than were hospital consultants (19.0%), but otherwise the field of specialty had little effect on opinion. Of the respondents, 39.0% believed that testing before elective surgery is mandatory for all patients, while 53.0% considered that it should be compulsory in high-risk groups. Similar views were held about compulsory HIV antibody testing after emergency surgery. Similar responses were obtained from all specialty groups. When asked about whether they would tell a sexual partner of a patient's HIV status when the patient refused, 10.5% of doctors stated they would never advise the partner, 24.7% of doctors would on some occasions, 41.0% of doctors would tell a partner, and 23.8% always were undecided. Many individuals commented that they failed to see why HIV infection was being treated differently from other serious diseases. We have found that the majority opinion of the most senior members of the medical profession is that specific, informed consent should not always be required, that there is great support for compulsory testing, and that confidentiality may be broken under certain circumstances. These views must be recognized by administrators and legislators when framing measures to control this infection.

  19. 77 FR 60081 - Anchorages; Captain of the Port Puget Sound Zone, WA

    2012-10-02

    ... to know that they reached the Facility, please enclose a stamped, self-addressed postcard or envelope... Positioning System (GPS), is much more practical and accurate for the mariner. Additionally, changes to...

  20. H12420: NOS Hydrographic Survey , Admiralty Inlet, WA, 2012-05-15

    National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, Department of Commerce — The National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA) has the statutory mandate to collect hydrographic data in support of nautical chart compilation for safe...

  1. Wildfire may increase habitat quality for spring Chinook salmon in the Wenatchee River subbasin, WA, USA

    Flitcroft, Rebecca L; Falke, Jeffrey A.; Reeves, Gordon H.; Hessburg, Paul F.; McNyset, Kris M.; Benda, Lee E.

    2016-01-01

    Pacific Northwest salmonids are adapted to natural disturbance regimes that create dynamic habitat patterns over space and through time. However, human land use, particularly long-term fire suppression, has altered the intensity and frequency of wildfire in forested upland and riparian areas. To examine the potential impacts of wildfire on aquatic systems, we developed stream-reach-scale models of freshwater habitat for three life stages (adult, egg/fry, and juvenile) of spring Chinook salmon (Oncorhynchus tshawytscha) in the Wenatchee River subbasin, Washington. We used variables representing pre- and post-fire habitat conditions and employed novel techniques to capture changes in in-stream fine sediment, wood, and water temperature. Watershed-scale comparisons of high-quality habitat for each life stage of spring Chinook salmon habitat suggested that there are smaller quantities of high-quality juvenile overwinter habitat as compared to habitat for other life stages. We found that wildfire has the potential to increase quality of adult and overwintering juvenile habitat through increased delivery of wood, while decreasing the quality of egg and fry habitat due to the introduction of fine sediments. Model results showed the largest effect of fire on habitat quality associated with the juvenile life stage, resulting in increases in high-quality habitat in all watersheds. Due to the limited availability of pre-fire high-quality juvenile habitat, and increased habitat quality for this life stage post-fire, occurrence of characteristic wildfires would likely create a positive effect on spring Chinook salmon habitat in the Wenatchee River subbasin. We also compared pre- and post-fire model results of freshwater habitat for each life stage, and for the geometric mean of habitat quality across all life stages, using current compared to the historic distribution of spring Chinook salmon. We found that spring Chinook salmon are currently distributed in stream channels in which in-stream habitat for most life stages has a consistently positive response to fire. This compares to the historic distribution of spring Chinook, in which in-stream habitat exhibited a variable response to fire, including decreases in habitat quality overall or for specific life stages. This suggests that as the distribution of spring Chinook has decreased, they now occupy those areas with the most positive potential response to fire. Our work shows the potentially positive link between wildfire and aquatic habitat that supports forest managers in setting broader goals for fire management, perhaps leading to less fire suppression in some situations.

  2. 77 FR 60960 - Safety Zone, Coast Guard Exercise Area, Hood Canal, WA

    2012-10-05

    ... Acronyms DHS Department of Homeland Security FR Federal Register NPRM Notice of Proposed Rulemaking A... Federal Register (73 FR 3316). 4. Public Meeting We do not now plan to hold a public meeting. But you...

  3. DIRASAH AL-USLUB WA AL-USLUBIYAH FI NAQD AL-ARABY

    Habibullah Ali Ibrahim Ali

    2015-08-01

    Full Text Available In this study, we addressed method and style in Arabic criticism. By the efforts of Arab critics of old and new issue, the subjects of study were as follows: First, the stylistic origins. It means a stylistic in linguistic and rhetoric and literary criticism and other related; Second, analysis of stylistic levels where we focus on stylistic study premises for literary texts; Third, a study of the method in the old Arab criticism, in this part of the study, we noted some efforts by Arab critics about stylistic and their relevance studies in this stylistic aspect; Fourth, the stylistic of contemporary Arab criticism. This aspect of the survey stood at some critics of contemporary Arab studies in Stylistics, as stated what distinguishes each study than other studies. It is included as an appendix in whale most important results achieved in this study.

  4. Al-Lughah al-Arabiyah wa Dauruha fi Tatwiri al-Mafhum al-Hadari

    Dihyatun Masqon

    2010-03-01

    Full Text Available It goes without saying that Islam is not only a religion, it is also a creator and living spirit of major world civilization including Malay, with a long history stretching over fifteen centuries based mainly on wahyu as the source of all activities in various dimensions, emotional, spiritual as well as intellectual. This fact is the very reason why human being, as the most perfect creation, become the important topic of the Qur’an to act properly for the sake of reaching and endless happiness in both here and hereafter by keenly observing and understanding the milestones of this civilization through ages. Keeping in view the above reality, an organized steps should be made to enhance the process of learning and teaching of Arabic language of the future, because it is the way to rediscover the values which keep human creativities moving towards right direction for the better future of humanity. Allama Muhammad Iqbal said: “The secret of life and the essence of it is movement. I exist so long as I move, when I cease to move I shall cease to be”.

  5. Nanoscale Zirconium-(oxyhydr)oxide in Contaminated Sediments From Hanford, WA - A New Host for Uranium

    Stubbs, J. E.; Elbert, D. C.; Veblen, L. A.; Zachara, J. M.; Davis, J. A.; Veblen, D. R.

    2008-12-01

    Zirconium-, uranium-, and copper-bearing wastes have leached from former disposal ponds into vadose zone sediments in the 300 Area at the Department of Energy's Hanford Site. Zirconium is enriched in the shallow portion of the vadose zone, and we have discovered an amorphous Zr-(oxyhydr)oxide that contains 16% of the total uranium budget (84.24 ppm) in one of the shallow samples. We have characterized the oxide using electron microprobe analysis (EMPA), a focused ion beam (FIB) instrument, and transmission electron microscopy (TEM). It occurs in fine-grained coatings found on lithic and mineral fragments in these sediments. The oxide is intimately intergrown with the phyllosilicates and other minerals of the coatings, and in places can be seen coating individual, nano-sized phyllosilicate mineral grains. Electron energy-loss spectroscopy (EELS) shows that the Zr-(oxyhydr)oxide has a P:Zr atomic ratio around 0.2, suggesting it is either intergrown with minor amounts of a Zr-phosphate or has adsorbed a significant amount of phosphate. This material has adsorbed or incorporated a substantial amount of uranium. Thus, understanding its nature is critical to predicting the long-term fate of U in the Hanford vadose zone. While the low-temperature uptake of U by Zr-(oxhydr)oxides and phosphates has been studied for several decades in laboratory settings, to our knowledge ours is the first report of such uptake in the field.

  6. 75 FR 32855 - Safety Zone; Pierce County, WA, Department of Emergency Management, Regional Water Exercise

    2010-06-10

    ... Management, Regional Water Exercise AGENCY: Coast Guard, DHS. ACTION: Temporary final rule. SUMMARY: The Pierce County, Washington, Department of Emergency Management is sponsoring a Regional Water Rescue... County, Washington, Department of Emergency Management is sponsoring a Regional Water Rescue Exercise...

  7. Darul Talif-Wa-Tarjuma, Jamia Usmani (Usmania University Hyderabad, India).

    Razawi, Shafqat Hussain

    1996-01-01

    The evolution of Usmania University in Hyderabad, India, is chronicled. The idea of establishing a university in Hyderabad in which instruction took place in Urdu was presented in 1878, 1885, and 1894, and in 1914 the proposal became a movement, with the nation's education department undertaking the early work, designing a syllabus to correspond…

  8. Badania sily termoelektrycznej żeliwnych wałków rozrządu

    W. Orłowicz

    2008-03-01

    Full Text Available W pracy pr7cdstawiono ynilii badah 2eEiwnych walkbw rozrzqdu silnika spalinowcgo z krzywkami utwardzonymi rnctoda odlewniczq.Na przckrqiu poprxcznym knywcb occniono rnikros~rukturq, trvardoSt, oraz zvaltoSC sil y clcktrorermiczncj

  9. Time and Space in W.A. Mozart's Ave Verum Corpus (1791)

    Petersen, Nils Holger

    2015-01-01

    A discussion and interpretation of Mozart's famous motet contextualised through historical considerations of music, theology and aesthetics inspired by K.E. Løgstrup's notion of the fictive space of a melody.......A discussion and interpretation of Mozart's famous motet contextualised through historical considerations of music, theology and aesthetics inspired by K.E. Løgstrup's notion of the fictive space of a melody....

  10. DCS Hydrology Submission for City of Longview PAL, Cowlitz County WA

    Federal Emergency Management Agency, Department of Homeland Security — Hydrology data include spatial datasets and data tables necessary for documenting the hydrologic procedures for estimating flood discharges for a flood insurance...

  11. 76 FR 72839 - Drawbridge Operation Regulation; City Waterway Also Known as Thea Foss Waterway, Tacoma, WA

    2011-11-28

    ... the roadway surface and the underlying steel stringer substructure as part a major bridge rehabilitation project. This deviation allows the bridge to remain in the closed position during construction... the Docket Management Facility (M-30), U.S. Department of Transportation, West Building Ground...

  12. Dense Medium Plasma Water Purification Reactor (DMP WaPR) Project

    National Aeronautics and Space Administration — The Dense Medium Plasma Water Purification Reactor offers significant improvements over existing water purification technologies used in Advanced Life Support...

  13. 75 FR 8563 - Safety Zone; Fleet Week Maritime Festival, Pier 66, Elliott Bay, Seattle, WA

    2010-02-25

    ... public dockets in the January 17, 2008, issue of the Federal Register (73 FR 3316). Public Meeting We do... SECURITY Coast Guard 33 CFR Part 165 RIN 1625-AA00 Safety Zone; Fleet Week Maritime Festival, Pier 66... aerial spectator events associated with the annual Fleet Week Maritime Festival. Entry into,...

  14. Data of evolutionary structure change: 1E0WA-1CLXC [Confc[Archive

    Full Text Available .00 9.08 C -map> THR SER ASP SER LEU ARG GLY SER ALA ILE ... SER CA 9.07 6.18 3.86 ASP CA 5.62 3.83 SER CA 3.81 THR CA ...0 116.910 1.00 22.34 C -map> ALA SER S... CA 5.38 3.80 SER CA 3.82 ALA CA -m...> ATOM 1181 CA ILE A 151 17.920 16.160 26.664 1.00 6.73 C -map>

  15. 77 FR 38236 - Special Local Regulation, Underwater Music Festival, Carr Inlet, Cutts Island, WA

    2012-06-27

    ... and Purpose The Underwater Music Festival is an event which includes musical performances from a barge... of power and responsibilities among the various levels of government. We have analyzed this proposed... Children We have analyzed this proposed rule under Executive Order 13045, Protection of Children...

  16. GigaWaM—Next-Generation WDM-PON Enabling Gigabit Per-User Data Bandwidth

    Prince, Kamau; Gibbon, Timothy Braidwood; Rodes Lopez, Roberto;

    2012-01-01

    The “Gigabit access passive optical network using wavelength division multiplexing” project aims to implement 64-Gb/s data transmission over 20-km single-mode fiber. Per-user symmetric data rates of 1-Gb/s will be achieved using wavelength division multiplexing passive optical network (WDM......, and broadband internet) service over existing optical infrastructure, and also facilitate cost-effective dense wavelength division multiplexing for metro aggregation and mobile backhaul networks....

  17. Gigabit Access Passive Optical Network Using Wavelength Division Multiplexing—GigaWaM

    Iglesias Olmedo, Miguel; Suhr, Lau; Prince, Kamau;

    2014-01-01

    passive optical network (WDM-PON) architecture that can deliver symmetric 1 Gb/s to 64 users over 20 km standard single mode fiber using the L and C bands for down and upstream, respectively. During the course of the project, a number of key enabling technologies were developed including tunable...... transceivers, athermal 50 GHz spaced arrayed waveguide grating multiplexer devices, novel hybridization technologies for integration of passive and active electro-optic devices, and system-level algorithms that ensure the quality of service. The outcome of the project proved a reliable, cost...

  18. An LCA of WA's south west interconnected electricity grid year ending 2002

    Aaron Cottrell; Jason Nunn; Louis Wibberley

    2006-03-15

    The LCA has been carried out to quantify the environmental impacts of power generation, transmission and distribution in Western Australia. This report is part of a series of life cycle analysis (LCA) studies of the Australian State electricity grids which are being undertaken to provide benchmarks for future studies. The present study covers only the South West Interconnected System (SWIS), which accounts for approximately 55% of the total power generated in Western Australia, the remainder being generated by captive power plants. The study aims to provide a more detailed study than in previous reports, which tend to focus only on greenhouse gas emissions, and includes several other key performance indicators - resource energy and fresh water consumption, greenhouse gas emissions, NOx, SOx, particulates and solid waste emissions. Also included is the range of substances reported for the SWIS from the National Pollutant Inventory (NPI) database.

  19. TIGER/Line Shapefile, 2013, county, Clallam County, WA, Current Address Ranges Relationship File

    US Census Bureau, Department of Commerce — The TIGER/Line shapefiles and related database files (.dbf) are an extract of selected geographic and cartographic information from the U.S. Census Bureau's Master...

  20. DCS Terrain Submission for City of Washougal PAL, Clark County WA

    Federal Emergency Management Agency, Department of Homeland Security — Terrain data, as defined in FEMA Guidelines and Specifications, Appendix M: Data Capture Standards, describes the digital topographic data that was used to create...

  1. Strategi Marketing Mix Baitul Mal wa Tamwil (BMT Unit Gabungan Terpadu (UGT Sidogiri Pasuruan

    Cihwanul Kirom

    2016-11-01

    Full Text Available Within the business realm, marketing is a key factor which determines the success of distribution. Therefore, strategy and innovation are a necessity. Marketing activity would ensure whether a certain product is delivered to the costumers. In order to achieve the desired goals of marketing, it is important to manufacturers to follow a set of marketing processes, which comprise market overview, marketing strategy, marketing mix, and evaluation. Marketing mix is a set of strategies consist of product, price, promotion, and distribution, which guarantee the success of marketing activities. All of these aspects are intended to attain responses from the targeted market. The article seeks to discuss the marketing mix strategy implemented by BMT UGT Sidogiri Pasuruan based on four “Ps”, namely product, price, place, and promotion. The study finds that the marketing mix strategy employed by BMT UGT has met the costumers’ needs in terms of product strategy, pricing strategy, distribution strategy, and promotion strategy. The study also concludes that the proper implementation of marketing mix strategy and its compatibility with Islamic sharîʻah as well as the organization’s obedience towards Islamic business ethics are among pivotal factors that have significantly influenced the development of BMT UGT Sidogiri

  2. 76 FR 30014 - Safety Zone; Fleet Week Maritime Festival, Pier 66, Elliott Bay, Seattle, WA

    2011-05-24

    ... not individually or cumulatively have a significant effect on the human environment. This rule is... of ships and aerial demonstration. The evolution of the safety zone for this annual event has.... Therefore, we did not consider the use of voluntary consensus standards. Environment We have analyzed...

  3. 75 FR 35514 - Union Pacific Railroad Company-Abandonment Exemption-in Yakima County, WA

    2010-06-22

    ... Abandonments to abandon a 0.8-mile line of railroad, on the Yakima Industrial Lead, from milepost 62.75 to milepost 63.55 near Midvale, in Yakima County, Wash.\\1\\ The line traverses United States Postal Service Zip... over the line for at least 2 years; (2) there is no overhead traffic on the line; (3) no...

  4. Data of evolutionary structure change: 1A9WA-1DXUD [Confc[Archive

    Full Text Available hain> DLSHG-----SAQVK > ----- HHHH> D 1DXUD DLSTPDAVMGNPKVK ture...> HHHH HHHH> ATOM 3632 CA ASP D 47...tryIDChain>1DXUD WGKVN--VDEVG ...>GGG --HHHHH> ATOM 3372 CA TRP D 15 -24.606 -14.032 -1.799

  5. Strategi Marketing Mix Baitul Mal wa Tamwil (BMT) Unit Gabungan Terpadu (UGT) Sidogiri Pasuruan

    Cihwanul Kirom

    2016-01-01

    Within the business realm, marketing is a key factor which determines the success of distribution. Therefore, strategy and innovation are a necessity. Marketing activity would ensure whether a certain product is delivered to the costumers. In order to achieve the desired goals of marketing, it is important to manufacturers to follow a set of marketing processes, which comprise market overview, marketing strategy, marketing mix, and evaluation. Marketing mix is a set of strategies consist of p...

  6. 78 FR 5201 - Notice of Inventory Completion: University of Washington, Department of Anthropology, Seattle, WA

    2013-01-24

    ... National Park Service Notice of Inventory Completion: University of Washington, Department of Anthropology..., Department of Anthropology, has completed an inventory of human remains, in consultation with the appropriate... Washington, Department of Anthropology. Disposition of the human remains to the Indian tribes stated...

  7. 78 FR 22286 - Notice of Inventory Completion: University of Washington, Department of Anthropology, Seattle, WA

    2013-04-15

    ... National Park Service Notice of Inventory Completion: University of Washington, Department of Anthropology..., Department of Anthropology, has completed an inventory of human remains, in consultation with the appropriate... acting on behalf of the University of Washington, Department of Anthropology. If no additional...

  8. 78 FR 5200 - Notice of Inventory Completion: University of Washington, Department of Anthropology, Seattle, WA

    2013-01-24

    ... National Park Service Notice of Inventory Completion: University of Washington, Department of Anthropology..., Department of Anthropology, has completed an inventory of human remains and associated funerary objects, in... Burke Museum acting on behalf of the University of Washington, Department of Anthropology....

  9. 78 FR 5198 - Notice of Inventory Completion: University of Washington, Department of Anthropology, Seattle, WA

    2013-01-24

    ... National Park Service Notice of Inventory Completion: University of Washington, Department of Anthropology..., Department of Anthropology, has completed an inventory of human remains and associated funerary objects, in... of the University of Washington, Department of Anthropology. Disposition of the human remains to...

  10. 78 FR 11673 - Notice of Inventory Completion: University of Washington, Department of Anthropology, Seattle, WA

    2013-02-19

    ... National Park Service Notice of Inventory Completion: University of Washington, Department of Anthropology..., Department of Anthropology, has completed an inventory of human remains and associated funerary objects, in..., Department of Anthropology. Disposition of the human remains and associated funerary objects to the...

  11. 77 FR 51563 - Notice of Inventory Completion: University of Washington, Department of Anthropology, Seattle, WA

    2012-08-24

    ... National Park Service Notice of Inventory Completion: University of Washington, Department of Anthropology..., Department of Anthropology, has completed an inventory of human remains and associated funerary objects, in... of the University of Washington, Department of Anthropology. Disposition of the human remains...

  12. 78 FR 19298 - Notice of Inventory Completion: University of Washington, Department of Anthropology, Seattle, WA

    2013-03-29

    ... National Park Service Notice of Inventory Completion: University of Washington, Department of Anthropology..., Department of Anthropology, has completed an inventory of human remains, in consultation with the appropriate... Washington, Department of Anthropology. Disposition of the human remains to the Indian tribes stated...

  13. 78 FR 19297 - Notice of Inventory Completion: University of Washington, Department of Anthropology, Seattle, WA

    2013-03-29

    ... National Park Service Notice of Inventory Completion: University of Washington, Department of Anthropology..., Department of Anthropology, has completed an inventory of human remains and associated funerary objects, in... Burke Museum acting on behalf of the University of Washington, Department of Anthropology....

  14. 78 FR 25471 - Notice of Inventory Completion: University of Washington, Department of Anthropology, Seattle, WA

    2013-05-01

    ... National Park Service Notice of Inventory Completion: University of Washington, Department of Anthropology..., Department of Anthropology, has completed an inventory of human remains and associated funerary objects, in... Burke Museum acting on behalf of the University of Washington, Department of Anthropology....

  15. 76 FR 17471 - Air Tour Management Plan Environmental Assessment for Mount Rainier National Park, WA; Public...

    2011-03-29

    ... to the public which contain specific routes and altitudes used by air tour operators when providing... Federal Aviation Administration Air Tour Management Plan Environmental Assessment for Mount Rainier... availability of preliminary alternatives. SUMMARY: This notice announces the availability of draft air...

  16. 76 FR 41286 - Conboy Lake and Toppenish National Wildlife Refuges, WA; Comprehensive Conservation Plan and...

    2011-07-13

    ... Conservation Plan and Environmental Assessment AGENCY: Fish and Wildlife Service, Interior. ACTION: Notice of... principles of fish and wildlife management, conservation, legal mandates, and our policies. In addition to... that will ensure the best possible approach to wildlife, plant, and habitat conservation,...

  17. Riwaya Teule za Karne ya Ishirini na Moja na Udurusu wa Nadharia za Fasihi

    Mwamzandi, Issa

    2014-01-01

    Literary theory represents a way of thinking and a body of writing that is dedicated to the analysis of literary texts. It is a means through which literary critics come to appreciate the nature of the literary texts they seek to analyze and the methodology that informs their practice. Analyzing three 21st Century Swahili novels, this paper examines a paradigm shift: literary theory becomes the sub¬ject under examination as opposed to its conventional role where it would ideally offer systema...

  18. Biogas from renewable resources through dry anaerobic digestion; Biogas aus NaWaRos durch Trockenfermentation

    Heiermann, M. [ATB, Potsdam (Germany). Abt. Technikbewertung und Stoffkreislaeufe; Linke, B. [ATB, Potsdam (Germany). Abt. Bioverfahrenstechnik; Kessler, U. [Agrargenossenschaft Pirow e.G. (Germany). Biogasanlage; Loock, R. [Ingenieurbuero Loock Consultants, Hamburg (Germany)

    2007-07-01

    The functionality, performance and operational safety of anaerobic digestion using the dry-wet simultaneous technique of Loock Consultants were investigated at the biogas pilot plant in Pirow (State Brandenburg). In addition to determining process parameters and the input and output balance of the digester, chemical characterisation of the substrates and their biogas production potential were determined in the laboratory. The results reveal that a substrate mixture of 60% maize silage, 13% poultry manure and 27% digested material on a mass basis deliver a methane yield of 90 m{sup 3}t{sup -1} fresh matter, if conducted as a three-week batch process. A specific methane yield performance of 0.34 m{sup 3}kg{sup -1} VS is attained, as with dry anaerobic digestion of maize silage, with the standard wet process. (orig.)

  19. Sustainable Materials Replacement for Prevention of Corrosion at Fort Lewis, WA

    2009-08-01

    export the building configuration and geometry into Green Building Studio*. Multiple energy analysis runs can then be submitted and the results will be...compared to determine the most energy saving options which can be integrated into the project. Green Building Studio menu options allow the user to...model” building is to ob- tain a high LEED (Leadership in Energy and Environmental De- sign, U.S. Green Building Council) rating consistent with Army

  20. 78 FR 10064 - Safety Zone; Vigor Industrial Roll-Out, West Duwamish Waterway, Seattle, WA

    2013-02-13

    ... 35'04'' N, 122 21'50'' W thence northerly to 47 35'19'' N, 122 21'50'' W thence easterly to 47 35'19... thence easterly to 47 35'19'' N, 122 21'30'' W thence southerly to 47 35'04'' N, 122 21'30'' W....

  1. DCS Terrain Submission for City of Woodland PAL, Cowlitz County WA

    Federal Emergency Management Agency, Department of Homeland Security — Terrain data, as defined in FEMA Guidelines and Specifications, Appendix M: Data Capture Standards, describes the digital topographic data that was used to create...

  2. DOE Zero Energy Ready Home Case Study: TC Legend Homes — Cedarwood, Bellingham, WA

    none,

    2014-09-01

    This house was the Grand Winner in the Affordable Builder category of the 2014 Housing Innovation Awards, and has 6-inch SIP walls, a 10-inch structural insulated panel roof, and insulating concrete forms foundation walls with R-20 high-density rigid EPS foam under the slab.A single ductless heat pump heats and cools the home, which also gets passive solar heating from south-facing triple-pane windows that heat a concrete slab floor plus a connected greenhouse.

  3. 75 FR 71638 - Safety Zone; Fleet Week Maritime Festival, Pier 66, Elliot Bay, Seattle, WA

    2010-11-24

    ... opportunity to comment was not posted in the Local Notice to Mariners or on the District Thirteen Webpage... standards (e.g., specifications of materials, performance, design, or operation; test methods;...

  4. Z zagadnień leksyki gwarowej – polskie ludowe nazwy ważek

    Renata Kucharzyk

    2015-09-01

    This paper deals with the Polish folk names of a dragonfly – an insect belonging to the order Odonata. Over 90 Polish dialectal names were gathered and analyzed here. The motivation of these names has been discussed in this paper. Moreover, the information about the geographical occurrence of these lexemes is given here.As it has been appeared, these names mainly refer metaphorically to some typical morphological or behavioral characteristic feature of the dragonfly, for example samolot, lalka, szklarz. Some lexemes reflect also the folk beliefs. For example, there are names in which an association between the dragonfly and the snake is expressed – gadzia głowa, węzi pastuch. Generally, the names of a dragonfly in Polish dialects are culturally determined.

  5. Stable isotope analysis of dissolved carbon species of Hot Lake, WA

    Courtney, S.; Moran, J.; Cory, A. B.; Lindemann, S. R.; Fredrickson, J.

    2013-12-01

    Hot Lake is a hypersaline, meromictic lake in north-central Washington. The lake is epsomitic, with seasonably-variable salinity (.2 to 2 M magnesium sulfate) and produces carbonates and salt precipitates. The maximum depth of the lake is around 2.5 m, and below a thermocline there is intense solar heat retention in the monolimnion, often exceeding 50°C. Despite these extreme and variable conditions, a microbial mat of up to 1.5 cm thick thrives annually in Hot Lake. The mat is widespread throughout the lake at water depths (during our experiments) ranging from 60cm-140cm. It is comprised of a variety of cyanobacteria along with other autotrophic and heterotrophic bacteria. These populations are visibly stratified with four consistent laminae displaying differences in bacterial pigmentation. Many of the layers contain carbonate species, but the full relationship between the mat and the carbonate crystallization is not known. We are studying the microbial interactions and carbon cycling of the mat communities, using stable isotope analysis of the mat and the lake water, both in situ and ex situ. We are exploring the incorporation and movement of carbon in the mat, spatially and temporally, to understand the fixation mechanisms and metabolic processes at play in this environment. This was done primarily using stable isotope ratio mass spectrometry. The focus of this work is on the study and measurement of dissolved organic and inorganic carbon using a GasBench and IRMS setup, following methods adapted from Lang et al. (2012). To account for the unique chemistry of Hot Lake, trials on the effects of oxidation conditions and salinity were done on lab-synthesized samples to compare to Hot Lake results. The majority of lake water analyses were done in conjunction with a stable isotope probing (SIP) experiment, completed during two 24-hour periods at Hot Lake in June and July of 2013. The SIP experiments included ex situ incubations (in separate glass containers on the shore of the lake immediately after removal from the lake) under various conditions (with labeled and unlabeled substrate, in the presence and absence of daylight, with and without undermat sediment) performed as both constant labeling and pulse-chase experiments. We incubated mat sections in lake water (from equivalent depth to the collected mat) spiked either with 13C-labeled or natural abundance organic (acetate or glucose) or inorganic (bicarbonate) substrates. For those conditions in which inorganic carbon was added, we measured the DOC of the water in each condition to measure conversion from DIC to DOC and vice versa for consumption/conversion of DOC to DIC. By comparing the GasBench DIC/DOC results of these various conditions over the course of the experiments, we assessed carbon flow into and out of the mat around a daily cycle. The assessments were made using the δ13C values and data of the lake water samples from the IRMS in conjunction with bulk mat isotope values. Our data show significant interactions between DIC and DOC pools and allow us to estimate the daily balance between carbon fixation and remineralization mediated by the microbial mat.

  6. A Critical Comparative Reading of Nationalism in Pramoedya A. Toer and Ngugi wa Thiong’o

    Sunardi D.

    2015-06-01

    Full Text Available This article tries to explore how the conception, birth, and development of novel can become a tool to shed lights to our understanding of the conception, birth, and development of nationalism. The discussion departs from a powerful finding by Edward Said that prominent exiles he happened to know and befriend with had deliberately chosen to be novelists. According to Said, the choice to write novels was fueled by intense feeling of homelessness, which in turn took shape in dream of an imaginary homeland. Novel as a genre is in perpetual search for epic; and since that epic is elusive, what novel can offer is an imagined form. It is in this shared feeling, the same desire to imagine a perfect home, the constant fabrication of narratives of the epic past, the invention of quasi-sacred texts alongside with the heroes and enemies, the dynamics of including and excluding of people that novel and nationalism inform each other. As reader, we turn to postcolonial Kenyan Thiong’o’s A Grain of Wheat and Indonesian Toer’s This Earth of Mankind. By commenting on the main characters of these novels we make intellectual exploration into the idea of nationalism. The results are two tentative conclusions regarding the relationship between novel and nationalism, i.e. (1 the pretense of novel to be epic is comparable to the claim of nationalism as the historically overarching set of identity of modern society, and (2 the dynamics of the characters in novel is a metonymy of the dynamics of nationalism bildungsroman.

  7. DOE ZERH Case Study: TC Legend Homes, Bellingham Power House, Bellingham, WA

    none,

    2015-09-01

    Case study of a DOE 2015 Housing Innovation Award winning custom home in the marine climate that got HERS 34 without PV or HERS -12 with PV, with 6” SIP walls and 10” SIP roof; R-28 ICF around slab, R-20 rigid foam under slab; radiant floor heat and passive design; air-to-water heat pump COP 4.4; HRV; earth tube ventilation; triple-pane windows, 100% LED.

  8. Residential property values are associated with obesity among women in King County, WA, USA.

    Rehm, Colin D; Moudon, Anne V; Hurvitz, Philip M; Drewnowski, Adam

    2012-08-01

    Studies of social determinants of weight and health in the US have typically relied on self-reported education and incomes as the two primary measures of socioeconomic status (SES). The assessed value of one's home, an important component of wealth, may be a better measure of the underlying SES construct and a better predictor of obesity. The Seattle Obesity Study (SOS), conducted in 2008-9, was a cross-sectional random digit dial telephone survey of 2001 adults in King County, Washington State, US. Participants' addresses were geocoded and residential property values for each tax parcel were obtained from the county tax assessor's database. Prevalence ratios of obesity by property values, education, and household income were estimated separately for women and men, after adjusting for age, race/ethnicity, household size, employment status and home ownership. Among women, the inverse association between property values and obesity was very strong and independent of other SES factors. Women in the bottom quartile of property values were 3.4 times more likely to be obese than women in the top quartile. No association between property values and obesity was observed for men. The present data strengthen the evidence for a social gradient in obesity among women. Property values may represent a novel and objective measure of SES at the individual level in the US. Measures based on tax assessment data will provide a valuable resource for future health studies.

  9. NAZHARIYAH AL-'AMIL WA TADLAFUR AL-QARA'IN INDA TAMMAM HASSAN

    Taufik Luthfi

    2016-06-01

    Full Text Available The researcher attempts to identify the thoughts of Tamman Hassan concerning Tadhâfur al-Qarâ'in and 'Amil theories in Arabic language grammar. This research is qualitative descriptive research. The data of this reseach based on Tamman Hassan’s legacy concerning the subject of tadhafur al-qarain. This study is based upon two main subjects, namely analysis of the content of the book and compares with the thoughts of other scholars. The study concluded that the new concept devised by Tammam Hassan called tadhafur al-qarain theory. This theory rejects the concept of ‘amil from classic grammar experts in grammatical analysis and understanding of Arabic texts. Tammam Hassan then replaces the concept of ‘amil, by analysis of the link between ma’na and mabna.

  10. 76 FR 60587 - Environmental Impact Statement; North Corridor Transit Project, Seattle (WA) Metropolitan Area...

    2011-09-29

    ... economic vitality and preserves a healthy environment; and 4. Supporting the long-range vision, goals, and... regional transit investment that supports economic vitality, preserves the environment, preserves... environment. Areas of investigation include, but are not limited to, transportation, land use,...

  11. Mediated Da'wa: Ethics, Nationalism and the Everyday in South Indian Islam

    Menon, N.R.

    2015-01-01

    How do we understand Islam as an anthropological object? While one answer to this question has highlighted the importance of Islam as a discursive tradition which seeks coherence in practices by returning to the scriptures (Qur’an and hadith), other research projects have focused on everyday lives o

  12. 78 FR 20852 - Safety Zones; Marine Week Air Ground Demonstration, Lake Washington; Seattle, WA

    2013-04-08

    ... allow emergency response vessels to transit and respond to medical emergencies. The following area is... it under those Orders. This finding is based on the fact that the waters encompassed by the proposed... operators of vessels intending to transit this portion of Lake Washington during the time this regulation...

  13. 76 FR 38011 - Safety Zone; Hylebos Bridge Restoration, Hylebos Waterway, Tacoma, WA

    2011-06-29

    ... bases this finding on the fact that the safety zone is small in size, short in duration, and maritime traffic will be able to transit this area during times when the zone is not enforced. Maritime traffic may also request permission to transit through the zone from the Captain of the Port, Puget Sound...

  14. 77 FR 5747 - Security Zones, Seattle's Seafair Fleet Week Moving Vessels, Puget Sound, WA

    2012-02-06

    ... finding on the fact that the security zones will be in place for a limited period of time and vessel traffic will be able to transit around the security zones. Maritime traffic may also request permission to transit through the zones from the COTP, Puget Sound or a Designated Representative. Small Entities...

  15. 75 FR 16002 - Drawbridge Operation Regulation; Chehalis River, Aberdeen, WA, Schedule Change

    2010-03-31

    ... that Order. The Coast Guard has made this determination based on the fact that vessel operators will not be significantly impacted since they will still be able to transit under the bridge by giving one... significantly impacted since they will still be able to transit under the bridge by giving one-hour...

  16. An automated sleep-state classification algorithm for quantifying sleep timing and sleep-dependent dynamics of electroencephalographic and cerebral metabolic parameters

    Rempe MJ

    2015-09-01

    Full Text Available Michael J Rempe,1,2 William C Clegern,2 Jonathan P Wisor2 1Mathematics and Computer Science, Whitworth University, Spokane, WA, USA; 2College of Medical Sciences and Sleep and Performance Research Center, Washington State University, Spokane, WA, USAIntroduction: Rodent sleep research uses electroencephalography (EEG and electromyography (EMG to determine the sleep state of an animal at any given time. EEG and EMG signals, typically sampled at >100 Hz, are segmented arbitrarily into epochs of equal duration (usually 2–10 seconds, and each epoch is scored as wake, slow-wave sleep (SWS, or rapid-eye-movement sleep (REMS, on the basis of visual inspection. Automated state scoring can minimize the burden associated with state and thereby facilitate the use of shorter epoch durations.Methods: We developed a semiautomated state-scoring procedure that uses a combination of principal component analysis and naïve Bayes classification, with the EEG and EMG as inputs. We validated this algorithm against human-scored sleep-state scoring of data from C57BL/6J and BALB/CJ mice. We then applied a general homeostatic model to characterize the state-dependent dynamics of sleep slow-wave activity and cerebral glycolytic flux, measured as lactate concentration.Results: More than 89% of epochs scored as wake or SWS by the human were scored as the same state by the machine, whether scoring in 2-second or 10-second epochs. The majority of epochs scored as REMS by the human were also scored as REMS by the machine. However, of epochs scored as REMS by the human, more than 10% were scored as SWS by the machine and 18 (10-second epochs to 28% (2-second epochs were scored as wake. These biases were not strain-specific, as strain differences in sleep-state timing relative to the light/dark cycle, EEG power spectral profiles, and the homeostatic dynamics of both slow waves and lactate were detected equally effectively with the automated method or the manual scoring

  17. Healing leadership: the serving leader's impact on patient outcomes in a clinical environment

    Andenoro A

    2012-05-01

    Full Text Available Chris Nagel1, Anthony C Andenoro21Medical Operations – Continuous Improvement, Cleveland Clinic, Cleveland, OH; 2Department of Organizational Leadership, Gonzaga University, Spokane, WA, USAAbstract: The future of health care is a topic that has significant importance to patients and caregivers alike for generations to come. As the health care industry becomes more complex, leadership and the examination of how to most effectively apply it to meet efficiency standards and optimize the patient experience will become paramount. Through this paper the authors provide the foundation for meeting this need through an innovative and socially adept framework that identifies the critical character attributes of a serving leader and the powerful impact that serving leaders can have on patient outcomes in the health care setting. This framework is grounded in a leadership theoretical foundation and contextually examined through qualitative methods. As the business of health care becomes more complex and more competitive, finding ways to improve processes and create healing environments conducive to improved patient outcomes will differentiate average health care and excellent health care in the future. This paper provides the impetus for successfully addressing these needs through the development of serving leaders, and three specific characteristics: emotional care, presence, and awareness.Keywords: servant leadership, health care, patient outcomes

  18. Multibeam collection for TN183: Multibeam data collected aboard Thomas G. Thompson from 2005-09-02 to 2005-10-04, departing from Seattle, WA and returning to Seattle, WA

    National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, Department of Commerce — This data set is part of a larger set of data called the Multibeam Bathymetry Database (MBBDB) where other similar data can be found at...

  19. Multibeam collection for B00027: Multibeam data collected aboard Surveyor from 1985-09-03 to 1985-09-15, departing from Seattle, WA and returning to Seattle, WA

    National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, Department of Commerce — This data set is part of a larger set of data called the Multibeam Bathymetry Database (MBBDB) where other similar data can be found at...

  20. Multibeam collection for B00110: Multibeam data collected aboard Surveyor from 1987-06-01 to 1987-06-21, departing from Seattle, WA and returning to Seattle, WA

    National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, Department of Commerce — This data set is part of a larger set of data called the Multibeam Bathymetry Database (MBBDB) where other similar data can be found at...

  1. Multibeam collection for TN326: Multibeam data collected aboard Thomas G. Thompson from 2015-07-04 to 2015-08-07, departing from Seattle, WA and returning to Seattle, WA

    National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, Department of Commerce — This data set is part of a larger set of data called the Multibeam Bathymetry Database (MBBDB) where other similar data can be found at...

  2. Multibeam collection for B00072: Multibeam data collected aboard Surveyor from 1986-09-10 to 1986-09-19, departing from Seattle, WA and returning to Seattle, WA

    National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, Department of Commerce — This data set is part of a larger set of data called the Multibeam Bathymetry Database (MBBDB) where other similar data can be found at...

  3. Multibeam collection for B00028: Multibeam data collected aboard Surveyor from 1985-09-05 to 1985-09-05, departing from Seattle, WA and returning to Seattle, WA

    National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, Department of Commerce — This data set is part of a larger set of data called the Multibeam Bathymetry Database (MBBDB) where other similar data can be found at...

  4. Multibeam collection for EX0901: Multibeam data collected aboard Okeanos Explorer from 2009-03-29 to 2009-04-03, departing from Seattle, WA and returning to Seattle, WA

    National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, Department of Commerce — This data set is part of a larger set of data called the Multibeam Bathymetry Database (MBBDB) where other similar data can be found at...

  5. Multibeam collection for TN144: Multibeam data collected aboard Thomas G. Thompson from 2002-04-22 to 2002-04-26, departing from Seattle, WA and returning to Seattle, WA

    National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, Department of Commerce — This data set is part of a larger set of data called the Multibeam Bathymetry Database (MBBDB) where other similar data can be found at...

  6. Multibeam collection for TN283: Multibeam data collected aboard Thomas G. Thompson from 2012-07-10 to 2012-07-24, departing from Seattle, WA and returning to Seattle, WA

    National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, Department of Commerce — This data set is part of a larger set of data called the Multibeam Bathymetry Database (MBBDB) where other similar data can be found at...

  7. Multibeam collection for TN080: Multibeam data collected aboard Thomas G. Thompson from 1998-07-14 to 1998-07-15, departing from Seattle, WA and returning to Seattle, WA

    National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, Department of Commerce — This data set is part of a larger set of data called the Multibeam Bathymetry Database (MBBDB) where other similar data can be found at...

  8. Multibeam collection for B00006: Multibeam data collected aboard Surveyor from 1984-11-01 to 1984-11-05, departing from Seattle, WA and returning to Seattle, WA

    National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, Department of Commerce — This data set is part of a larger set of data called the Multibeam Bathymetry Database (MBBDB) where other similar data can be found at...

  9. Multibeam collection for B00292: Multibeam data collected aboard Surveyor from 1991-08-03 to 1991-08-16, departing from Seattle, WA and returning to Seattle, WA

    National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, Department of Commerce — This data set is part of a larger set of data called the Multibeam Bathymetry Database (MBBDB) where other similar data can be found at...

  10. Multibeam collection for B00010: Multibeam data collected aboard Surveyor from 1984-11-14 to 1985-03-31, departing from Seattle, WA and returning to Seattle, WA

    National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, Department of Commerce — This data set is part of a larger set of data called the Multibeam Bathymetry Database (MBBDB) where other similar data can be found at...

  11. Multibeam collection for B00184: Multibeam data collected aboard Discoverer from 1989-06-18 to 1989-07-10, departing from Seattle, WA and returning to Seattle, WA

    National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, Department of Commerce — This data set is part of a larger set of data called the Multibeam Bathymetry Database (MBBDB) where other similar data can be found at...

  12. Multibeam collection for B00002: Multibeam data collected aboard Surveyor from 1984-05-24 to 1984-05-29, departing from Seattle, WA and returning to Seattle, WA

    National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, Department of Commerce — This data set is part of a larger set of data called the Multibeam Bathymetry Database (MBBDB) where other similar data can be found at...

  13. Multibeam collection for B00009: Multibeam data collected aboard Surveyor from 1984-11-10 to 1984-11-13, departing from Seattle, WA and returning to Seattle, WA

    National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, Department of Commerce — This data set is part of a larger set of data called the Multibeam Bathymetry Database (MBBDB) where other similar data can be found at...

  14. Multibeam collection for B00024: Multibeam data collected aboard Surveyor from 1985-08-26 to 1985-08-27, departing from Seattle, WA and returning to Seattle, WA

    National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, Department of Commerce — This data set is part of a larger set of data called the Multibeam Bathymetry Database (MBBDB) where other similar data can be found at...

  15. Multibeam collection for TN266: Multibeam data collected aboard Thomas G. Thompson from 2011-06-28 to 2011-07-27, departing from Seattle, WA and returning to Seattle, WA

    National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, Department of Commerce — This data set is part of a larger set of data called the Multibeam Bathymetry Database (MBBDB) where other similar data can be found at...

  16. Multibeam collection for B00052: Multibeam data collected aboard Surveyor from 1986-05-19 to 1986-05-29, departing from Seattle, WA and returning to Seattle, WA

    National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, Department of Commerce — This data set is part of a larger set of data called the Multibeam Bathymetry Database (MBBDB) where other similar data can be found at...

  17. Multibeam collection for HLY03DF: Multibeam data collected aboard Healy from 2003-01-31 to 2003-04-01, departing from Seattle, WA and returning to Seattle, WA

    National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, Department of Commerce — This data set is part of a larger set of data called the Multibeam Bathymetry Database (MBBDB) where other similar data can be found at...

  18. Multibeam collection for AT11L32: Multibeam data collected aboard Atlantis from 2005-09-08 to 2005-09-19, departing from Seattle, WA and returning to Seattle, WA

    National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, Department of Commerce — This data set is part of a larger set of data called the Multibeam Bathymetry Database (MBBDB) where other similar data can be found at...

  19. Multibeam collection for TN296: Multibeam data collected aboard Thomas G. Thompson from 2013-04-22 to 2013-04-26, departing from Seattle, WA and returning to Seattle, WA

    National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, Department of Commerce — This data set is part of a larger set of data called the Multibeam Bathymetry Database (MBBDB) where other similar data can be found at...

  20. Multibeam collection for B00020: Multibeam data collected aboard Davidson from 1985-07-27 to 1985-08-28, departing from Seattle, WA and returning to Seattle, WA

    National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, Department of Commerce — This data set is part of a larger set of data called the Multibeam Bathymetry Database (MBBDB) where other similar data can be found at...

  1. Multibeam collection for B00143: Multibeam data collected aboard Surveyor from 1988-06-04 to 1988-06-15, departing from Seattle, WA and returning to Seattle, WA

    National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, Department of Commerce — This data set is part of a larger set of data called the Multibeam Bathymetry Database (MBBDB) where other similar data can be found at...

  2. Multibeam collection for B00026: Multibeam data collected aboard Surveyor from 1985-09-01 to 1985-09-02, departing from Seattle, WA and returning to Seattle, WA

    National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, Department of Commerce — This data set is part of a larger set of data called the Multibeam Bathymetry Database (MBBDB) where other similar data can be found at...

  3. Multibeam collection for B00120: Multibeam data collected aboard Surveyor from 1988-02-23 to 1988-03-18, departing from Seattle, WA and returning to Seattle, WA

    National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, Department of Commerce — This data set is part of a larger set of data called the Multibeam Bathymetry Database (MBBDB) where other similar data can be found at...

  4. Multibeam collection for B00088: Multibeam data collected aboard Discoverer from 1986-11-02 to 1986-11-05, departing from Seattle, WA and returning to Seattle, WA

    National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, Department of Commerce — This data set is part of a larger set of data called the Multibeam Bathymetry Database (MBBDB) where other similar data can be found at...

  5. Multibeam collection for B00041: Multibeam data collected aboard Surveyor from 1985-11-21 to 1985-11-22, departing from Seattle, WA and returning to Seattle, WA

    National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, Department of Commerce — This data set is part of a larger set of data called the Multibeam Bathymetry Database (MBBDB) where other similar data can be found at...

  6. Multibeam collection for B00289: Multibeam data collected aboard Surveyor from 1991-07-24 to 1991-08-03, departing from Seattle, WA and returning to Seattle, WA

    National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, Department of Commerce — This data set is part of a larger set of data called the Multibeam Bathymetry Database (MBBDB) where other similar data can be found at...

  7. Multibeam collection for B00246: Multibeam data collected aboard Surveyor from 1990-08-30 to 1991-06-16, departing from Seattle, WA and returning to Seattle, WA

    National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, Department of Commerce — This data set is part of a larger set of data called the Multibeam Bathymetry Database (MBBDB) where other similar data can be found at...

  8. Multibeam collection for TN269: Multibeam data collected aboard Thomas G. Thompson from 2011-09-09 to 2011-10-04, departing from Seattle, WA and returning to Seattle, WA

    National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, Department of Commerce — This data set is part of a larger set of data called the Multibeam Bathymetry Database (MBBDB) where other similar data can be found at...

  9. Multibeam collection for TUIM14MV: Multibeam data collected aboard Melville from 2005-09-02 to 2005-09-22, departing from Seattle, WA and returning to Seattle, WA

    National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, Department of Commerce — This data set is part of a larger set of data called the Multibeam Bathymetry Database (MBBDB) where other similar data can be found at...

  10. Al-‘Alāqah bayn al-Dīn wa al-Dawlah bi Indūnīsiyā: Tan Malaka wa Ārā’uhu al-Siyāsīyah

    Khairil Azhar

    2014-03-01

    Full Text Available The present article is about the relation between religion and state as it is discussed by a prominent figure whose contributions to Indonesian politic are out of question. He is Tan Malaka, who has been considered as a radical Marxist activist. Through his works, including Madilog: Materialisme, Dialektika, Logika; Islam dalam Tinjauan Madilog Dari Penjara ke Penjara; Naar De Republiek Indonesie; Tan Malaka shows his deep appreciation to Marxism. That is why, in these works, be pays a great attention to liberation movement and freedom for people both from colonial domination and from feudalism rooted in Indonesian culture.Copyright (c 2014 by SDI. All right reserved.DOI: 10.15408/sdi.v7i2.711

  11. Multibeam collection for HLY09TA: Multibeam data collected aboard Healy from 2009-01-28 to 2009-02-08, departing from Seattle, WA and returning to Seattle, WA

    National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, Department of Commerce — This data set is part of a larger set of data called the Multibeam Bathymetry Database (MBBDB) where other similar data can be found at...

  12. Multibeam collection for TN299: Multibeam data collected aboard Thomas G. Thompson from 2013-06-30 to 2013-08-23, departing from Seattle, WA and returning to Seattle, WA

    National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, Department of Commerce — This data set is part of a larger set of data called the Multibeam Bathymetry Database (MBBDB) where other similar data can be found at...

  13. Multibeam collection for TN268: Multibeam data collected aboard Thomas G. Thompson from 2011-08-11 to 2011-09-01, departing from Seattle, WA and returning to Seattle, WA

    National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, Department of Commerce — This data set is part of a larger set of data called the Multibeam Bathymetry Database (MBBDB) where other similar data can be found at...

  14. Multibeam collection for TN313: Multibeam data collected aboard Thomas G. Thompson from 2014-07-13 to 2014-10-06, departing from Seattle, WA and returning to Seattle, WA

    National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, Department of Commerce — This data set is part of a larger set of data called the Multibeam Bathymetry Database (MBBDB) where other similar data can be found at...

  15. Al-Ma‘ahid al-Turāthīyah wa Shuyū‘īyah wa al- Ṭuruq al-Ṣūfīyah

    Khoirul Anwar

    2014-03-01

    Full Text Available This paper will reveal images Pesantren tradition, Kyai, and the congregation that has not been studied by scholars such as van den Berg, Hurgronje, and Clifford Geertz thus able to capture the real power of intellectual tradition and religious boarding schools. Kyai (charismatic religious teachers/scholars and pesantren (traditional Islamic boarding schools owned and run by kyai have become common subjects of research among scholars studying Islam in Indonesia.Copyright (c 2014 by SDI. All right reserved.DOI: 10.15408/sdi.v5i1.761

  16. Multibeam collection for TN256: Multibeam data collected aboard Thomas G. Thompson from 2010-10-23 to 2010-11-03, departing from Seattle, WA and returning to Seattle, WA

    National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, Department of Commerce — This data set is part of a larger set of data called the Multibeam Bathymetry Database (MBBDB) where other similar data can be found at...

  17. Multibeam collection for B00023: Multibeam data collected aboard Surveyor from 1985-08-16 to 1985-09-05, departing from Seattle, WA and returning to Seattle, WA

    National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, Department of Commerce — This data set is part of a larger set of data called the Multibeam Bathymetry Database (MBBDB) where other similar data can be found at...

  18. Multibeam collection for B00068: Multibeam data collected aboard Surveyor from 1986-08-23 to 1986-08-26, departing from Seattle, WA and returning to Seattle, WA

    National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, Department of Commerce — This data set is part of a larger set of data called the Multibeam Bathymetry Database (MBBDB) where other similar data can be found at...

  19. Computing Science and Statistics: Proceedings of the Symposium on Interface, 21-24 Apr 1991, Seattle, WA

    1991-01-01

    Laboratories XX. CLASSIFICATION - DENSITY ESTIMATION 229 StatLog. An Evaluation of Machine Learning and Statistical Algorithms Charles C. Taylor ...on Hidden Perceptrons Arthur Nadas, IBM T.J. Watson Research Center 289 Comparing Mathematical and Algorithmic Modeling in Biology G. Arthur Mihram...James J. Weinkam, Wilfred L. Rosenbaum, and Theodor D. Sterling, Simon Fraser University 601 Relative Cancer Risk of Homemakers T.D. Sterling*, W.L

  20. 75 FR 5626 - Cle Elum Dam Fish Passage Facilities and Fish Reintroduction Project; Kittitas County, WA INT-DES...

    2010-02-03

    ... Bureau of Reclamation Cle Elum Dam Fish Passage Facilities and Fish Reintroduction Project; Kittitas...) announcing the commencement of work under the National Environmental Policy Act (NEPA) on the Cle Elum Dam... upstream adult fish passage facilities at the dam, as well as analyses associated with the...

  1. 77 FR 42672 - Radio Broadcasting Services; Alberton, MT; Crystal Falls, MI; Saint Paul, AR; and Waitsburg, WA

    2012-07-20

    ... COMMISSION 47 CFR Part 73 Radio Broadcasting Services; Alberton, MT; Crystal Falls, MI; Saint Paul, AR; and... Paul, Arkansas a vacant allotment. List of Subjects in 47 CFR Part 73 Radio, Radio broadcasting...: PART 73--RADIO BROADCAST SERVICES 0 1. The authority citation for part 73 continues to read as...

  2. WA - Impacts of non-point source pollution on the health of salmonids in urban and urbanizing watersheds

    US Fish and Wildlife Service, Department of the Interior — By the Services conducting this off-refuge EC investigation and jointly publishing the results in the two aforementioned manuscripts [see notes section of ProCite...

  3. Online molecular characterization of fine particulate matter in Port Angeles, WA: Evidence for a major impact from residential wood smoke

    Gaston, Cassandra J.; Lopez-Hilfiker, Felipe D.; Whybrew, Lauren E.; Hadley, Odelle; McNair, Fran; Gao, Honglian; Jaffe, Daniel A.; Thornton, Joel A.

    2016-08-01

    We present on-line molecular composition measurements of wintertime particulate matter (PM) during 2014 using an iodide-adduct high-resolution, time-of-flight chemical ionization mass spectrometer (HR-TOF-CIMS) coupled to a Filter Inlet for Gases and AEROsols (FIGAERO). These measurements were part of an intensive effort to characterize PM in the region with a focus on ultrafine particle sources. The technique was used to detect and quantify different classes of wood burning tracers, including levoglucosan, methoxyphenols, and nitrocatechols, among other compounds in near real-time. During the campaign, particulate mass concentrations of compounds with the same molecular composition as levoglucosan ranged from 0.002 to 19 μg/m3 with a median mass concentration of 0.9 μg/m3. Wood burning markers, in general, showed a strong diurnal pattern peaking at night and in the early morning. This diurnal profile combined with cold, stagnant conditions, wind directions from predominantly residential areas, and observations of lower combustion efficiency at night support residential wood burning as a dominant source of wintertime PM in Port Angeles. This finding has implications for improving wintertime air quality in the region by encouraging the use of high efficiency wood-burning stoves or other cleaner home heating options throughout the relevant domain.

  4. Pluralism and ethnic conflict in Tanzania's arid lands: the case of the Maasai and the WaArusha.

    Ole Kuney, R O

    1994-01-01

    In Tanzania, the Maasai and Waarusha tribes are experiencing conflict because differences in their modes of productions and economic strategies undermine the peaceful coexistence that they have enjoyed since the 18th century. The Maasai are pastoralists, while the Waarusha are agricultural subsistence farmers who are encroaching on the best pasture lands. A sketch of the history of the two groups shows that the Maasai reached the peak of their land holding in 1880 before the arrival of European colonists who seized land and restricted the Maasai to a semi-arid reserve but allowed the Maasai to remain an autonomous and powerful group. The Waarusha began encroaching on Maasai land after independence due to land and population pressure. While closely tied, each group looks down on the other, and Maasai ascendancy has given way to Waarusha challenges. After independence, the tribal and ethnic rule that was protected by the colonial system was disrupted to allow for increased internal migration and new patterns of settlement. The rights of land ownership were transferred from tribes to the State, allowing privileged groups to benefit. The Waarusha began to engage in illegal land-grabbing and to encroach on the Maasai preserve using legal and illegal means. The Maasai view land as collective property and have had difficulty retaining title of traditional lands in the face of population pressure. This loss of grazing land has forced the Maasai into a mixed economy that depends upon agricultural production as well as livestock production. In the meantime, the Waarusha have deliberately sought political office to gain power to secure their holdings. Immediate action is needed to produce 1) a policy on spontaneous settlement, 2) an immediate adjustment of legal procedures for land acquisition, 3) a land tenure policy that equally emphasizes agricultural and livestock production, and 4) controls on undue expansion of subsistence agriculture into semi-arid rangelands.

  5. 78 FR 30901 - Record of Decision and Wetland/Floodplain Statement of Findings for the W.A. Parish Post...

    2013-05-23

    ...) and other program considerations. Background and Purpose and Need for Agency Action Public Law 107-63... support advanced clean-coal technology projects. Post-combustion CO 2 capture offers the greatest near... market acceptance. A successful commercial-scale demonstration of amine-based carbon capture...

  6. 77 FR 49857 - Early Scoping Notification for the Alternatives Analysis of the Tacoma Link Expansion in Tacoma, WA

    2012-08-17

    ... core. The need to support the land use planning goals of Tacoma's South Downtown Subarea Plan, the MLK... Theater District to Stadium District; west to north end of MLK district and south to S. 19th St. South Downtown to MLK--Extends from Union Station west to S. 19th St., north through MLK district to Division...

  7. $V^{0}, \\Xi$ and $\\Omega^{-}$ inclusive production cross sections measured in hyperon experiment WA89 at CERN

    Adamovich, M I; Baranov, S P; Barberis, D; Beck, M; Bérat, C; Beusch, Werner; Boss, M; Brons, S; Brückner, W; Buénerd, M; Busch, C; Büscher, C; Charignon, F; Chauvin, J; Chudakov, E A; Dersch, U; Dropmann, F; Engelfried, J; Faller, F; Fournier, A; Gerassimov, S G; Godbersen, M; Grafström, P; Haller, T; Heidrich, M; Hurst, R B; Königsmann, K C; Konorov, I; Keller, N; Martens, K; Martin, P; Masciocchi, S; Michaels, R; Müller, U; Neeb, H; Newbold, D; Newsom, C; Paul, S; Pochodzalla, J; Potashnikova, I K; Povh, B; Ransome, R; Ren, Z; Epherre-Rey-Campagnolle, Marcelle; Rosner, G; Rossi, L; Rudolph, H; Scheel, C; Schmitt, L; Siebert, H W; Smith, A; Smith, V; Thilmann, O; Trombini, A; Vesin, E; Volkemer, B; Vorwalter, K; Walcher, T; Wälder, G; Weding, R; Wittmann, E; Zavertyaev, M V

    2003-01-01

    We report on a measurement of the inclusive cross sections of Lambda , Lambda , K/sub S//sup 0/, Xi /sup +/and Omega /sup -/ production by Sigma /sup -/ and pi /sup -/ f 345 GeV/c momentum and by neutrons of 260 GeV/c mean momentum in copper and carbon. The differential cross sections as function of p/sub t//sup 2/ show a distinct non-gaussian behavior above 1.2 (GeV/c)/sup 2/. A comparison of the x/sub F/- dependence of Lambda , Lambda and K/sup 0/ production with calculations using PYTHIA and the QCSM model is discussed. (43 refs).

  8. 76 FR 68783 - Notice of Realty Action: Direct (Non-Competitive) Sale of Reversionary Interest in Benton County, WA

    2011-11-07

    ..., ER0000 LVRWH11H0730 HAG11-0275] Notice of Realty Action: Direct (Non-Competitive) Sale of Reversionary... INFORMATION below has been determined suitable for direct sale and release to the City of West Richland... planning and zoning ordinances. The reversionary interest in this property will be offered by direct...

  9. Semiotics of Power and Dictatorship in Ngũgĩ wa Thiong’o’s Later Novels

    Yémalo, C. AMOUSSOU

    2016-10-01

    Full Text Available This paper explores the different uses of symbols to express power and interpersonal relationship in Ngũgĩ’s bulkiest novel Wizard of the Crow (2006, with a few illustrations from Matigari (1987. It draws on the semiotic approach and identifies about a hundred discourse strings in which signs are used to express tenor between characters. In the main, supernatural, faunal and floral symbols are found to be main vehicles of power, though many other such avenues as ‘vocations’, ‘social and gender-related symbols’ and ‘biblical characterisation and numerology’, etc are unexplored here for space constraints. Before the analysis, it is deemed necessary to overview the theoretical background to the study in which relevant concepts have been clarified. It has been concluded that there is no other work in which power is so much expressed through the explored devices as in Wizard of the Crow.Keywords: tenor, symbol, index, proverb, modality metaphor, modaliser/ weakener, modulator/strengthener

  10. Evaluating nonindigenous species management in a Bayesian networks derived relative risk framework for Padilla Bay, WA, USA.

    Herring, Carlie E; Stinson, Jonah; Landis, Wayne G

    2015-10-01

    Many coastal regions are encountering issues with the spread of nonindigenous species (NIS). In this study, we conducted a regional risk assessment using a Bayesian network relative risk model (BN-RRM) to analyze multiple vectors of NIS introductions to Padilla Bay, Washington, a National Estuarine Research Reserve. We had 3 objectives in this study. The 1st objective was to determine whether the BN-RRM could be used to calculate risk from NIS introductions for Padilla Bay. Our 2nd objective was to determine which regions and endpoints were at greatest risk from NIS introductions. Our 3rd objective was to incorporate a management option into the model and predict endpoint risk if it were to be implemented. Eradication can occur at different stages of NIS invasions, such as the elimination of these species before being introduced to the habitat or removal of the species after settlement. We incorporated the ballast water treatment management scenario into the model, observed the risk to the endpoints, and compared this risk with the initial risk estimates. The model results indicated that the southern portion of the bay was at greatest risk because of NIS. Changes in community composition, Dungeness crab, and eelgrass were the endpoints most at risk from NIS introductions. The currents node, which controls the exposure of NIS to the bay from the surrounding marine environment, was the parameter that had the greatest influence on risk. The ballast water management scenario displayed an approximate 1% reduction in risk in this Padilla Bay case study. The models we developed provide an adaptable template for decision makers interested in managing NIS in other coastal regions and large bodies of water.

  11. 77 FR 32943 - Takes of Marine Mammals Incidental to Specified Activities; Pile Driving in the Columbia River, WA

    2012-06-04

    ... piles' strength. Vibratory and impact pile driving may result in anticipated hydroacoustic levels... range-finder) in order to determine if animals have entered into the exclusion zone or Level...

  12. 75 FR 16502 - Notice of Intent to Repatriate Cultural Items: Northwest Museum Whitman College, Walla Walla, WA

    2010-04-01

    ... accordance with the Native American Graves Protection and Repatriation Act (NAGPRA), 25 U.S.C. 3005, of the... stone beads (Whit-E-0390); 1 lot of stone and tooth beads (Whit-E-0396); 1 charcoal point (Whit-E-0511... site of Native American individuals. Officials of the Northwest Museum, Whitman College also...

  13. 76 FR 41237 - Public Utility District No. 1 of Snohomish County, WA; Notice Concluding Pre-Filing Process and...

    2011-07-13

    ... foundations; (2) two 250-meter service cables connected at a subsea junction box or spliced to a 0.5-kilometer subsea transmission cable, connecting to a cable termination vault about 50 meters from shore; (3) two 81... a power conditioning and control building; (4) a 140-meter-long buried cable from the...

  14. 75 FR 11533 - Public Utility District No. 1 of Snohomish County, WA; Notice of Technical Meeting To Discuss...

    2010-03-11

    ... completely submerged gravity foundations; (2) two 250-meter service cables connected at a subsea junction box or spliced to a 0.5-kilometer subsea transmission cable, connecting to a cable termination vault... lines from the turbines and connecting to a power conditioning and control building; (4) a...

  15. 75 FR 1049 - Public Utility District No. 1 of Snohomish County, WA; Notice of Intent To File License...

    2010-01-08

    ... connected at a subsea junction box or spliced to a 0.5-kilometer subsea transmission cable, connecting to a... two DC transmission lines from the turbines and connecting to a power conditioning and control building; (4) a 140-meter-long buried cable from the control building to the grid; and (5)...

  16. 75 FR 17402 - Public Utility District No. 1 of Snohomish County, WA; Notice of Preliminary Permit Application...

    2010-04-06

    ... horizontal axis OpenHydro turbines, each mounted on a triangular subsea base; (2) two approximately 820-foot... conduit from the termination vault to the Power Conditioning and Control building (PC&C); (6) a...

  17. 75 FR 69426 - Public Utility District No. 1 of Chelan County, WA; Notice of Application for Amendment of...

    2010-11-12

    ... authorization to allow Beebe Ranch to construct a 40-slip community boat dock, and a community access area on... Beebe Ranch Development. The community boat dock would be located north of the Beebe Bridge, in...

  18. 75 FR 34927 - Safety Zone; Parade of Ships, Seattle SeaFair Fleet Week, Pier 66, Elliott Bay, WA

    2010-06-21

    ... SECURITY Coast Guard 33 CFR Part 165 RIN 1625-AA00 Safety Zone; Parade of Ships, Seattle SeaFair Fleet Week... with the Parade of Ships for the annual Seattle SeaFair Fleet Week. This action is intended to restrict... action is necessary to ensure the safety of spectators and participants attending Fleet Week...

  19. An Evaluation of Contaminant Flux Rates from Sediments of Sinclair Inlet, WA, Using a Benthic Flux Sampling Device

    1993-02-01

    typically penetrated from 1 to 5 mm into the sediment column. The sediment penetration of oxygen agrees well with data reported by Wester - lund (1989...solution and minimize oxidation of sample during the measurement. 3. Rinse sulfide and reference electrodes into waste container and blot dry with absorbent...standardization techniques. 1. Preparation a. Wash crystals of Na2S-9H20 with deionized water and blot dry. b. Weigh approximately 12 g of Na2S*9H20 and

  20. Contaminant Residues in Demersal Fish, Invertebrates, and Deployed Mussels in Selected Areas of the Puget Sound, WA

    2007-03-29

    additional ENVVEST congeners mainly consisted of very low concentrations of coplanar dioxin - like congeners that did not contribute very much to the...mussel study help to address this issue because the impact of all environmental stressors on growth and survival, biomarkers of sublethal stress such as

  1. 76 FR 12102 - Public Utility No. 1 of Snohomish County, WA; Notice of Preliminary Permit Application Accepted...

    2011-03-04

    ...-foot-long, 10-foot-wide rip-rap open channel tailrace; (6) a switchyard containing a 4.16/34.5 three-phase step-up transformer; (7) a 2,000-foot-long, 34.5 kilovolt three-phase buried transmission...

  2. Preparing for Volcanic Hazards: An Examination of Lahar Knowledge, Risk Perception, and Preparedness around Mount Baker and Glacier Peak, WA

    Corwin, K.; Brand, B. D.

    2015-12-01

    As the number of people living at risk from volcanic hazards in the U.S. Pacific Northwest continues to rise, so does the need for improved hazard science, mitigation, and response planning. The effectiveness of these efforts relies not only on scientists and policymakers, but on individuals and their risk perception and preparedness levels. This study examines the individual knowledge, perception, and preparedness of over 500 survey respondents living or working within the lahar zones of Mount Baker and Glacier Peak volcanoes. We (1) explore the common disconnect between accurate risk perception and adequate preparedness; (2) determine how participation in hazard response planning influences knowledge, risk perception, and preparedness; and (3) assess the effectiveness of current lahar hazard maps for public risk communication. Results indicate that a disconnect exists between perception and preparedness for the majority of respondents. While 82% of respondents accurately anticipate that future volcanic hazards will impact the Skagit Valley, this knowledge fails to motivate increased preparedness. A majority of respondents also feel "very responsible" for their own protection and provision of resources during a hazardous event (83%) and believe they have the knowledge and skills necessary to respond effectively to such an event (56%); however, many of these individuals still do not adequately prepare. When asked what barriers prevent them from preparing, respondents primarily cite a lack of knowledge about relevant local hazards. Results show that participation in response-related activities—a commonly recommended solution to this disconnect—minimally influences preparedness. Additionally, although local hazard maps successfully communicate the primary hazard—97% of respondents recognize the lahar hazard—many individuals incorrectly interpret other important facets of the maps. Those who participate in response-related activities fail to understand these maps better than the general public. This study's findings will be provided to emergency managers to assist in the development of educational programs and response plans.

  3. 76 FR 28505 - Okanogan Public Utility District No. 1 of Okanogan County, WA; Notice of Availability of Draft...

    2011-05-17

    ..., safety cables, and grab ropes upstream of the dam; Installing safety and warning signs and a log boom... other applicable law. Before rejecting or modifying an agency recommendation, the Commission is...

  4. Lipophilic Toxins in WA - Clear and present danger: monitoring and management of lipophilic shellfish toxins in Washington State

    National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, Department of Commerce — Lipophilic shellfish toxins comprise an extensive suite of compounds including those associated with the human syndromes known as diarrhetic shellfish poisoning...

  5. W.A. Parish Post-Combustion CO{sub 2} Capture and Sequestration Project Phase 1 Definition

    Armpriester, Anthony; Smith, Roger; Scheriffius, Jeff; Smyth, Rebecca; Istre, Michael

    2014-02-01

    For a secure and sustainable energy future, the United States (U.S.) must reduce its dependence on imported oil and reduce its emissions of carbon dioxide (CO{sub 2}) and other greenhouse gases (GHGs). To meet these strategic challenges, the U.S. wiU have to create fundamentally new technologies with performance levels far beyond what is now possible. Developing advanced post-combustion clean coal technologies for capturing CO{sub 2} from existing coal-fired power plants can play a major role in the country's transition to a sustainable energy future, especially when coupled with CO{sub 2}-enhanced oil recovery (CO{sub 2}-EOR). Pursuant to these goals, NRG Energy, Inc. (NRG) submitted an application and entered into a cost-shared collaboration with the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) under Round 3 of the Clean Coal Power Initiative (CCPI) to advance low-emission coal technologies. The objective of the NRG W A Parish Post-Combustion CO{sub 2} Capture and Sequestration Demonstration Project is to establish the technical feasibility and economic viability of post-combustion CO{sub 2} capture using flue gas from an existing pulverized coal-fired boiler integrated with geologic sequestration via an enhanced oil recovery (EOR) process. To achieve these objectives, the project will be executed in three phases. Each phase represents a distinct aspect of the project execution. The project phases are: • Phase I. Project Definition/Front-End Engineering Design (FEED) • Phase ll. Detailed Engineering, Procurement & Construction • Phase III. Demonstration and Monitoring The purpose of Phase I is to develop the project in sufficient detail to facilitate the decision-making process in progressing to the next stage of project delivery. Phase n. This report provides a complete summary of the FEED study effort, including pertinent project background information, the scope of facilities covered, decisions, challenges, and considerations made regarding configuration and performance of the facility, along with the conceptual design and estimate results. The findings of this report should be considered conceptual in nature and are conditioned on the statements contained herein. The cost of preparing this report (including the FEED study described herein) was funded in part by a $167-million grant provided by the U.S. DOE.

  6. 75 FR 29334 - Public Utility District No. 2 of Grant County, WA; Notice of Application for Amendment of License...

    2010-05-25

    ..., and U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service. g. Filed Pursuant to: Federal Power Act, 16 U.S.C. 791a-825r. h... reproduction at the Commission's Public Reference Room, located at 888 First Street, NE., Room 2A, Washington... reproduction at the address in item (h) above. m. Individuals desiring to be included on the...

  7. 77 FR 28568 - Foreign-Trade Zone 216-Olympia, WA; Notification of Proposed Production Activity; Callisons, Inc...

    2012-05-15

    ... essential oils of peppermint (mentha piperita), other essential mint oils, odoriferous mixtures for use by..., cyclenic ethers and derivatives, cyclenic ketones without oxygen, essential oils of peppermint (mentha piperita), essential oils of mint and essential oils of eucalyptus (duty rate ranges from duty-free to...

  8. 78 FR 50443 - Notice of Temporary Closure to Target Shooting on Public Lands in Yakima County, WA

    2013-08-19

    ... on public lands that poses immediate, serious risks to the safety of nearby residents and... noise from gunfire has negatively affected their quality of life. There is also a concern that given the... behavior of target shooters continues to pose serious public safety risks. The BLM will post closure...

  9. Should harmony be regarded as most valuable ?; 'Wa wo motte totoshi to nasu' beki ka

    Mikasa, M. [Kansai Electric Power Co. Inc., Osaka (Japan)

    1998-12-10

    The cause of the Japan Air Lines aircraft crash accident occurred in 1977 in Kuala Lumpur was the aircraft altitude having been dropped below the regulated altitude. The Japanese culture to respect harmony most valuable prevented reportedly the co-pilot and the engineer from giving the captain a caution on violating the regulation. When the effective stress method was introduced into the criteria for designing dams to be constructed by the Ministry of Construction as the fundamental principle of the soil mechanics, a theoretical error was found. Insistence was made to return the criteria to those for correct design, but only in vain having caused wasteful investment of a considerable amount. It is regretted now that compromise was made with the spirit of harmony as the primary consideration. The author is continuing a drive to observe the metric system gravitation unit, going against the flow of the world to unify all of the unit systems into use of the international unit system. The policy of SI to use the dynamically defined 1N as the unit for force and mass is nothing but annoyance. The policy will accelerate students to leave off from the science course in the fundamental education. There is a large number of scholars and engineers who doubt the all-out and standardized use of SI. However, if they remain silent on their doubt for the harmony with other nations and the society even though they recognize truly the importance of the metric system gravitation unit, it means an exchange of their belief with what is called harmony. (NEDO)

  10. 77 FR 70137 - Okanogan-Wenatchee National Forest, Okanogan County, WA; Bannon, Aeneas, Revis, and Tunk Grazing...

    2012-11-23

    ... analysis to Christina Bauman, Project Lead, Tonasket District, 1 West Winesap, Tonasket, Washington 98855...: Christina Bauman, Project Leader, Tonasket District, Okanogan-Wenatchee National Forest, 1 West...

  11. 75 FR 5941 - Umatilla National Forest, Walla Walla Ranger District, Walla Walla, WA; Cobbler II Timber Sale...

    2010-02-05

    ... diameter trees in the 3-9 inch diameter at breast height (DBH) range which would be used as a woody biomass... Thinning--This activity would cut excess trees that are less than 6 inches DBH on approximately 1,900 acres. Some units may have special conditions where trees up to 9 inches DBH would be cut. Either manual...

  12. Integrated Status and Effectiveness Monitoring Program Population Estimates for Juvenile Salmonids in Nason Creek, WA ; 2008 Annual Report.

    Collins, Matthew; Murdoch, Keely [Yakama Nation Fisheries Resource Management

    2009-07-20

    This report summarizes juvenile coho, spring Chinook, and steelhead salmon migration data collected at a 1.5m diameter cone rotary fish trap on Nason Creek during 2008; providing abundance and freshwater productivity estimates. We used species enumeration at the trap and efficiency trials to describe emigration timing and to estimate the number of emigrants. Trapping began on March 2, 2008 and was suspended on December 11, 2008 when snow and ice accumulation prevented operation. During 2008, 0 brood year (BY) 2006 coho, 1 BY2007 coho, 906 BY2006 spring Chinook, 323 BY2007 fry Chinook, 2,077 BY2007 subyearling Chinook, 169 steelhead smolts, 414 steelhead fry and 2,390 steelhead parr were trapped. Mark-recapture trap efficiency trials were performed over a range of stream discharge stages. A total of 2,639 spring Chinook, 2,154 steelhead and 12 bull trout were implanted with Passive Integrated Transponder (PIT) tags. Most PIT tagged fish were used for trap efficiency trials. We were unable to identify a statistically significant relationship between stream discharge and trap efficiency, thus, pooled efficiency estimates specific to species and trap size/position were used to estimate the number of fish emigrating past the trap. We estimate that 5,259 ({+-} 359; 95% CI) BY2006 Chinook, 16,816 ({+-} 731; 95% CI) BY2007 Chinook, and 47,868 ({+-} 3,780; 95% CI) steelhead parr and smolts emigrated from Nason Creek in 2008.

  13. 75 FR 24571 - Foreign-Trade Zone 5-Seattle, WA; Application for Reorganization/Expansion Under Alternative Site...

    2010-05-05

    ... regulations, Christopher Kemp of the FTZ Staff is designated examiner to evaluate and analyze the facts and... submitted during the subsequent 15- day period to July 19, 2010. A copy of the application will be available... further information, contact Christopher Kemp at Christopher.Kemp@trade.gov or (202) 482-0862....

  14. DOE ZERH Case Study: Clifton View Homes, Marine Drive and Port Hadlcok, Coupeville and Port Hadlock WA

    none,

    2015-09-01

    Case study of two DOE 2015 Housing Innovation Award winning custom homes in the marine climate that got HERS 39 and 38 without PV or HERS 2-12 and -9 with PV, with 6.5” SIP walls and 10.25” SIP roof; 11.75 ICF around slab, R-20 rigid foam under slab; radiant floor heat and passive design; air-to-water heatpump, fresh air intake with fan, triple-pane windows, 100% LED.

  15. A Guide to the Principal Marine Fouling Organisms, with Particular Reference to Cockburn Sound, W.A.,

    1982-07-01

    Species 3 2.3 Other Species 5 2.4 References 5 3. SPONGES (Phylum Porifera ) 6 3.1 General 6 3.2 Common Species 6 3.3 Other Species 6 3.4 References 6...Australian Species of Polysiphonia Greville (Rhodophyta)." Aust. J. Bot, 27, 459-528. 5 3. SPONGES (Phylum Porifera ) 3.1 General Sponges are the most

  16. Community vulnerability assessment index for flood prone savannah agro-ecological zone: A case study of Wa West District, Ghana

    Effah Kwabena Antwi

    2015-12-01

    Full Text Available The savannah regions of Northern Ghana are characterized by smallholder farming systems and high levels of poverty. Over the past two decades, communities in the regions have become more prone to climate and human-induced disasters in the form of annual floods and droughts. This study evaluates the degree and magnitude of vulnerability in four communities subjected to similar climate change induced flood events and propose intervention options. The study employs rural participatory research approaches in developing four vulnerability categories namely socio-economic, ecological, engineering and political; which were used to develop indicators that aided the calculation of total community vulnerability index for each community. The findings indicate that the state of a community's vulnerability to flood is a composite effect of the four vulnerability index categories which may act independently or concurrently to produce the net effect. Based on a synthesis of total vulnerability obtained in each community, Baleufili was found to be the least vulnerable to flood due to its high scores in engineering, socio-economic and political vulnerability indicators. Baleufili and Bankpama were the most ecologically vulnerable communities. The selection of vulnerability index categories and associated indicators were grounded in specific local peculiarities that evolved out of engagement with community stakeholders and expert knowledge of the socioecological landscape. Thus, the Total Community Vulnerability Assessment Framework (TCVAF provides an effective decision support for identifying communities’ vulnerability status and help to design both short and long term interventions options that are community specific as a way of enhancing their coping and adaptive capacity to disasters.

  17. Hydrologic analysis for selection and placement of conservation practices at the watershed scale

    Wilson, C.; Brooks, E. S.; Boll, J.

    2012-12-01

    When a water body is exceeding water quality standards and a Total Maximum Daily Load has been established, conservation practices in the watershed are able to reduce point and non-point source pollution. Hydrological analysis is needed to place conservation practices in the most hydrologically sensitive areas. The selection and placement of conservation practices, however, is challenging in ungauged watersheds with little or no data for the hydrological analysis. The objective of this research is to perform a hydrological analysis for mitigation of erosion and total phosphorus in a mixed land use watershed, and to select and place the conservation practices in the most sensitive areas. The study area is the Hangman Creek watershed in Idaho and Washington State, upstream of Long Lake (WA) reservoir, east of Spokane, WA. While the pollutant of concern is total phosphorus (TP), reductions in TP were translated to total suspended solids or reductions in nonpoint source erosion and sediment delivery to streams. Hydrological characterization was done with a simple web-based tool, which runs the Water Erosion Prediction Project (WEPP) model for representative land types in the watersheds, where a land type is defined as a unique combination of soil type, slope configuration, land use and management, and climate. The web-based tool used site-specific spatial and temporal data on land use, soil physical parameters, slope, and climate derived from readily available data sources and provided information on potential pollutant pathways (i.e. erosion, runoff, lateral flow, and percolation). Multiple land types representative in the watershed were ordered from most effective to least effective, and displayed spatially using GIS. The methodology for the Hangman Creek watershed was validated in the nearby Paradise Creek watershed that has long-term stream discharge and monitoring as well as land use data. Output from the web-based tool shows the potential reductions for different

  18. Invasive Marine and Estuarine Animals of the Pacific Northwest and Alaska

    2005-09-01

    Schyphozoan 1 1 Porifera 6 3 1 7 Anthozoan 1 3 1 3 Platyhelminth 2 2 Polychaete 13 16 2 21 Oligochaete 4 3 6 Bivalve 17...Gonothyraea clarki Hydrozoan OR Obelia sp. Hydrozoan WA OR Aurelia aurita Schyphozoan WA Clathria prolifera Porifera WA Clionoa thoosina... Porifera WA Cliona sp. Porifera WA OR AK Halichondria bowerbanki Porifera WA OR Haliclona loosanoffi Porifera OR Haliclona luciae Porifera WA

  19. Role of simulation model in petroleum exploration. Have we developed new ideas for exploration; Sekiyu tanko ni okeru simulation no yakuwari. Hatashite wareware no shikoho wa kawattanoka

    Nakayama, K. [Japex Jeoscience Institute, Tokyo (Japan)

    1998-01-01

    This paper describes a role of simulation model in petroleum exploration based on geology. Geology is based on inductive method in which a scientific fact can be extracted and estimated from the pile of descriptive records. Such an inductive method is called a backward model. While, geophysics is based on a deductive method in which a physical or mathematical model is developed assuming a uniformitarialism in the past before extracting a scientific fact through the model calibration. Such a deductive method is called forward model. Introduction of simulation model has been useful for petroleum exploration due to its deductive property. However, some conceptualization and simplification are introduced in such a method. Therefore, its accuracy is still far from the fact. However, objective concept can be obtained to certain degree. Simulation modeling is one of a significant methods by which petroleum exploration can be activated and new ideas can be created in the field of petroleum geology. It is required to apply the simulation modeling by checking it using conventional inductive method. 12 refs., 7 figs.

  20. Al-Ma‘had al-Turāthī wa Taqwim al-Jamā‘ah: Tajribah Ma‘had Hidayatullah

    Sirojudin Abbas

    2014-03-01

    Full Text Available This article discusses some of the characteristic peculiarities of the pesantren as in Pesantren Hidayatullah, Balikpapan, East Kalimantan, which does not make Arabic reviewing activities as part of the daily staple of his students.During the last three decades, pesantren in Indonesia have shown  a variety of institutional developments. The identification of pesantren as Islamic learning institutions-especially in term of their specific role in preserving intellectual tradition and reproducing 'ilama' may no longer be sufficient to explaint that development. Such a trend can be seen in the establishment of a significant number of Islamic learning institution in the country with different visions and characteristics of learning. One of the leading institutions representing this new form of pesantren is Pesantren Hidayatullah, Balikpapan, East Kalimantan.Copyright (c 2014 by SDI. All right reserved.DOI: 10.15408/sdi.v5i2.756