Sample records for issues test dit

  1. Does the Defining Issues Test measure ethical judgment ability or political position?

    Bailey, Charles D


    This article addresses the construct validity of the Defining Issues Test of ethical judgment (DIT/DIT-2). Alleging a political bias in the test, Emler and colleagues (1983, 1998, 1999, 2007), show that conservatives score higher when asked to fake as liberals, implying that they understand the reasoning associated with "higher" moral development but avoid items they see as liberally biased. DIT proponents challenge the internal validity of faking studies, advocating an explained-variance validation. This study takes a new approach: Adult participants complete the DIT-2, then evaluate the raw responses of others to discern political orientation and ethical development. Results show that individuals scoring higher on the DIT-2 rank others' ethical judgment in a way consistent with DIT-2-based rankings. Accuracy at assessing political orientation, however, is low. Results support the DIT-2's validity as a measure of ethical development, not an expression of political position.

  2. Assessing the Relationship among Defining Issues Test Scores and Crystallised and Fluid Intellectual Indices

    Derryberry, W. Pitt; Jones, Kristy L.; Grieve, Frederick G.; Barger, Brian


    Differing findings exist on how Defining Issues Test (DIT) scores relate to intelligence. Further study is needed in order to address aspects of intellect not previously considered and to address how these relationships rival studies that have compared indices of intellect with constructs similar to DIT scores. In the present study, a sample of…

  3. The DIT and the 'Dark Side' of Development.

    Puka, Bill


    Argues that effective moral education must address roadblocks in moral thinking, not merely urging moral development forward. Examines Lawrence Kohlberg's moral stages as immoral judgement marked by bias and manipulation. Views the Defining Issues Test (DIT) as a useful glimpse into the nefarious, focused on ideological content and commitment.…

  4. Developing Moral Maturity: An Evaluation of the Media Ethics Course Using the DIT-2

    Auger, Giselle A.; Gee, Charlie


    The purpose of this study was to add to the limited body of knowledge on the effect of the media ethics course, specifically to investigate the effect of the course on the growth in moral judgment reasoning of students through a quasi-experimental pre-test, post-test analysis using the Defining Issues Test 2 (DIT-2). Results demonstrated…

  5. Moral Rationality and Intuition: An Exploration of Relationships between the Defining Issues Test and the Moral Foundations Questionnaire

    Glover, Rebecca J.; Natesan, Prathiba; Wang, Jie; Rohr, Danielle; McAfee-Etheridge, Lauri; Booker, Dana D.; Bishop, James; Lee, David; Kildare, Cory; Wu, Minwei


    Explorations of relationships between Haidt's Moral Foundations Questionnaire (MFQ) and indices of moral decision-making assessed by the Defining Issues Test have been limited to correlational analyses. This study used Harm, Fairness, Ingroup, Authority and Purity to predict overall moral judgment and individual Defining Issues Test-2 (DIT-2)…

  6. Modifying Defining Issues Test (DIT) as a Tool for Assessing Secondary Students' Social-Emotional Competencies

    Ee, Jessie


    This paper discusses the use of an alternative instrument to assess the social-emotional competence (SEC) of secondary school students in Singapore. The instrument was used in a larger study to explore an approach to infuse social-emotional learning in the curriculum for children in school. The design of this research instrument is based on the…

  7. Defining Issues Test-2: fidedignidade da versão brasileira e ponderações acerca de seu uso em pesquisas sobre moralidade Defining Issues Test-2: reliability of the Brazilian version and considerations concerning its use in studies on morality

    Alessandra de Morais Shimizu


    Full Text Available Este estudo teve como objetivo avaliar a fidedignidade da tradução e adaptação brasileira do Definig Issues Test (DIT -2, assim como realizar algumas ponderações sobre a utilização desse instrumento e do DIT -1 em pesquisas sobre moralidade. Os testes DIT-1 e DIT-2 foram aplicados em 621 jovens brasileiros, proporcionalmente distribuídos conforme a cidade de procedência (Floriano/PI, Erechim/RS e Marília/SP, o tipo de escola (pública e particular e o ano escolar freqüentado (8º ano do ensino fundamental e 3º ano do ensino médio. Em relação à fidedignidade, notou-se que, apesar de os valores alcançados serem próximos àquele obtido na tradução e adaptação do DIT-1, revelam-se bem menores que os verificados nas versões originais americanas. Na verificação das pontuações alcançadas nos testes, foi observada a existência de tendências distintas no interior da amostra investigada, marcadas pelas variáveis controladas. Foram tecidas considerações sobre a validade e a interpretação desses testes.This study aims to evaluate the reliability of a Brazilian translation and adaptation of the Defining Issues Test (DIT -2, as well as to make considerations concerning the use of this tool and of DIT -1 in studies on morality. The DIT -1 and DIT -2 were administred to 621 Brazilian youngsters, equally distributed according to the city of origin (Floriano/PI, Erechim/RS and Marília/SP, the kind of school (public or private and the school year attended (8th grade and 11th grade. Regarding the reliability, it was noticed that although the values achieved were close to that one obtained in the translation and adaptation of DIT -1, they revealed themselves much lower than the ones verified in the American original versions. When checking the scores achieved in the tests the existence of some tendencies within the investigated sample was observed. Some considerations regarding the validity and interpretation of these tests are

  8. Crédit et subsistance

    Lazos Chavero, Elena; Villers Ruiz, Lourdes


    L'analyse de différentes situations locales fait apparaître que les programmes de développement agricole fondés sur la distribution systématique de crédit échouent généralement en tant que politique de production, mais ont des effets, non recherchés et non prévus par le programmateur, sur la consommation. Dans des conditions écologiques et sociales qui ne permettent pas qu'une application massive de capital se traduise en une augmentation sensible du produit agricole, le crédit apparaît...

  9. Timing issues in distributed testing

    HUANG Chuan-dong; JIANG Fan


    The objective of conformance testing is to determine whether an implementation under test (IUT) conforms to its specification. In distributed test architecture where there are multiple remote testers, the objective can be complicated by the fact that testers may encounter controllability and observability problems during the application of a test sequence. A certain amount of work has been done in the area of generating test sequence that is free from these problems. However, few researchers investigate them from the aspect of test execution. This work studies the test execution phase when test sequences are applied to the implementation and it is pointed out that controllability and observability problems can be resolved if and only if the test system implements some timing constraints. When determining these constraints, the dynamic time information during test is taken into account, which reduces the test execution time and improves test efficiency further.

  10. Multicultural issues in test interpretation.

    Langdon, Henriette W; Wiig, Elisabeth H


    Designing the ideal test or series of tests to assess individuals who speak languages other than English is difficult. This article first describes some of the roadblocks-one of which is the lack of identification criteria for language and learning disabilities in monolingual and bilingual populations in most countries of the non-English-speaking world. This lag exists, in part, because access to general education is often limited. The second section describes tests that have been developed in the United States, primarily for Spanish-speaking individuals because they now represent the largest first-language majority in the United States (80% of English-language learners [ELLs] speak Spanish at home). We discuss tests developed for monolingual and bilingual English-Spanish speakers in the United States and divide this coverage into two parts: The first addresses assessment of students' first language (L1) and second language (L2), usually English, with different versions of the same test; the second describes assessment of L1 and L2 using the same version of the test, administered in the two languages. Examples of tests that fit a priori-determined criteria are briefly discussed throughout the article. Suggestions how to develop tests for speakers of languages other than English are also provided. In conclusion, we maintain that there will never be a perfect test or set of tests to adequately assess the communication skills of a bilingual individual. This is not surprising because we have yet to develop an ideal test or set of tests that fits monolingual Anglo speakers perfectly. Tests are tools, and the speech-language pathologist needs to know how to use those tools most effectively and equitably. The goal of this article is to provide such guidance.

  11. Ongoing Issues in Test Fairness

    Camilli, Gregory


    In the attempt to identify or prevent unfair tests, both quantitative analyses and logical evaluation are often used. For the most part, fairness evaluation is a pragmatic attempt at determining whether procedural or substantive due process has been accorded to either a group of test takers or an individual. In both the individual and comparative…

  12. Computerized adaptive testing: implementation issues

    Antal, Margit; Imre, Attila


    One of the fastest evolving field among teaching and learning research is students' performance evaluation. Computer based testing systems are increasingly adopted by universities. However, the implementation and maintenance of such a system and its underlying item bank is a challenge for an inexperienced tutor. Therefore, this paper discusses the advantages and disadvantages of Computer Adaptive Test (CAT) systems compared to Computer Based Test systems. Furthermore, a few item selection strategies are compared in order to overcome the item exposure drawback of such systems. The paper also presents our CAT system along its development steps. Besides, an item difficulty estimation technique is presented based on data taken from our self-assessment system.

  13. Workplace Issues: Testing, Training and Policy.

    Feuer, Dale


    Presents information on organizations with over 50 employees concerning such workplace issues as drug testing, Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndrome testing, and policies on these issues and on smoking, sexual harassment, and affirmative action. Results are broken down by company size and by industry. (CH)

  14. Goethe's Faust Revisited: Lessons from DIT Research.

    Nucci, Larry


    Discusses the Defining Issues Test as an invaluable tool for research and practice in moral education. Explains that because such instruments are based upon previous developmental research, they are unsuitable for research on moral development. Argues that these measures stand in the way of generating new knowledge. (CAJ)

  15. Goethe's Faust Revisited: Lessons from DIT Research.

    Nucci, Larry


    Discusses the Defining Issues Test as an invaluable tool for research and practice in moral education. Explains that because such instruments are based upon previous developmental research, they are unsuitable for research on moral development. Argues that these measures stand in the way of generating new knowledge. (CAJ)

  16. TFinDit: transcription factor-DNA interaction data depository

    Turner Daniel


    Full Text Available Abstract Background One of the crucial steps in regulation of gene expression is the binding of transcription factor(s to specific DNA sequences. Knowledge of the binding affinity and specificity at a structural level between transcription factors and their target sites has important implications in our understanding of the mechanism of gene regulation. Due to their unique functions and binding specificity, there is a need for a transcription factor-specific, structure-based database and corresponding web service to facilitate structural bioinformatics studies of transcription factor-DNA interactions, such as development of knowledge-based interaction potential, transcription factor-DNA docking, binding induced conformational changes, and the thermodynamics of protein-DNA interactions. Description TFinDit is a relational database and a web search tool for studying transcription factor-DNA interactions. The database contains annotated transcription factor-DNA complex structures and related data, such as unbound protein structures, thermodynamic data, and binding sequences for the corresponding transcription factors in the complex structures. TFinDit also provides a user-friendly interface and allows users to either query individual entries or generate datasets through culling the database based on one or more search criteria. Conclusions TFinDit is a specialized structural database with annotated transcription factor-DNA complex structures and other preprocessed data. We believe that this database/web service can facilitate the development and testing of TF-DNA interaction potentials and TF-DNA docking algorithms, and the study of protein-DNA recognition mechanisms.

  17. Evaluation du crédit-bail et risque de crédit

    Capiez, Alain


    International audience; Malgré une similitude observée entre les contrats de leasing et les obligations à risque, les modèles classiques de détermination des loyers d'un contrat de crédit-bail se focalisent sur le risque attaché au matériel ou risque de valeur résiduelle et ignorent le risque de crédit. Nous comparons les différents modèles existants et privilégions un modèle moderne qui adopte une approche unifiée en intégrant les deux types de risque et leur interaction.

  18. Relationships Among the Knowledge, Efficacy, and Practices Instrument, Color-Blind Racial Attitudes Scale, Deamonte Driver Survey, and Defining Issues Test 2.

    Behar-Horenstein, Linda S; Garvan, Cynthia W


    Concordance studies indicate the degree to which instruments measure the same or similar constructs or something different. The aims of this study were to identify the factor structure of the Deamonte Driver Survey and determine the relationship between the Deamonte Driver (a measure of social class stereotyping), the Defining Issues Test 2 (DIT2; a measure of ethical sensitivity), the Color-Blind Racial Attitudes Scale (CoBRAS; a measure of racial stereotyping), and the Knowledge, Efficacy, and Practices Instrument (KEPI; a measure of cultural competence). The results showed a three-factor solution for the Deamonte Driver Survey and significant relationships between CoBRAS and DIT2 subscales and between CoBRAS and Deamonte Driver subscales. Significant relationships between the measures and exploratory variables, underrepresented minority status, age, citizenship, marital status, political stance, English as a first language, and gender were found. The lack of a significant relationship between the KEPI and Deamonte Driver, DIT2, or CoBRAS subscales suggests that the KEPI is measuring a unique construct. These findings showed how these scales contributed to the assessment of cultural competence among dental students and faculty.

  19. Dit programma bevat product placement: Effecten van sponsorvermeldingen in televisieprogramma's

    Boerman, S.C.; van Reijmersdal, E.A.; Neijens, P.C.; Bronner, A. E.; Dekker, P.; de Leeuw, E.; Paas, L.J.; de Ruyter, K.; Smidts, A.; Wieringa, J.E.


    Europese richtlijnen vereisen dat brand placement in televisieprogramma’s wordt kenbaar gemaakt door een tekst zoals "Dit programma bevat product placement" of door een PP (product placement) logo. Deze sponsorvermeldingen hebben als doel de televisiekijker te informeren over merken of producten die

  20. Flyt dit marketingbudget online! - Hvorfor? Læs her

    Ivang, Reimer


    I takt med, at digital marketing, sociale netværk og Web 2.0 applikationer bliver bedre og bedre platforme til, at markedsføre dine produkter, mister game marketing "safe bets" sin gennemslagskraft. Derfor skal du acceptere, at du gradvist, over de næste år, skal flytte mere og mere af dit...... markedsføringsbudget online....

  1. The Emerging Legal Issue of Competency Testing.

    Carter, David G.


    As more states adopt minimum competency testing (MCT) programs, MCT is becoming the subject of much debate among educators and in the courts. MCT has been attacked by those who claim it discriminates against Blacks and non-English-speaking minorities. Also raised in the MCT debate is the question of educational malpractice. (RLV)

  2. Communicative Language Testing: Current Issues and Future Research

    Harding, Luke


    This article discusses a range of current issues and future research possibilities in Communicative Language Testing (CLT) using, as its departure point, the key questions which emerged during the CLT symposium at the 2010 Language Testing Forum. The article begins with a summary of the 2010 symposium discussion in which three main issues related…

  3. EUV testing of multilayer mirrors: critical issues

    Hill, S B; Ermanoski, I; Grantham, S; Tarrio, C; Lucatorto, T B; Madey, T E; Bajt, S; Chandhok, M; Yan, P; Wood, O; Wurn, S; Edwards, N V


    Recently, while performing extensive EUV irradiation endurance testing on Ru-capped multilayer mirrors in the presence of elevated partial pressures of water and hydrocarbons, NIST has observed that the amount of EUV-induced damage actually decreases with increasing levels of water vapor above {approx} 5 x 10{sup -7} Torr. It is thought that the admitted water vapor may interact with otherwise stable, condensed carbonaceous species in an UHV vacuum system to increase the background levels of simple gaseous carbon-containing molecules. Some support for this hypothesis was demonstrated by observing the mitigating effect of very small levels of simple hydrocarbons with the intentional introduction of methyl alcohol in addition to the water vapor. It was found that the damage rate decreased by at least an order of magnitude when the partial pressure of methyl alcohol was just one percent of the water partial pressure. These observations indicate that the hydrocarbon components of the vacuum environment under actual testing conditions must be characterized and controlled to 10{sup -11} Torr or better in order to quantify the damage caused by high levels of water vapor. The possible effects of exposure beam size and out-of-band radiation on mirror lifetime testing will also be discussed.

  4. Qu'est que Lila dit? Construyendo Europa

    Susana Torrado Morales


    Full Text Available En este momento, Europa se encuentra inmersa en el proceso de construcción de lo que algunos llaman “alma europea”, otros “sueño europeo”, y que podemos identificar, de forma más directa, con una “identidad europea”. Una “identidad europea” definida como “…aquellos valores que los europeos comparten y que otras partes del mundo admiran”. Pero, ¿realmente existen esos valores comunes?, ¿se muestran en el cine europeo?, ¿se aprecian en películas como Lila dit ça, Monsieur Ibrahim et les fleurs du Coran o Solino? In this moment, Europe is involved in the process of making up a “European soul”, also called “European identity”. The definition of European identity is: “... those Values than European People share and other countries admire”. But, really this values exist? And, if it was the case, we can find it in the European Cinema? In films as Lila dit ça, Monsieur Ibrahim et les fleurs du Coran or Solino?

  5. Implementing Curricular Change through State-Mandated Testing: Ethical Issues.

    Mathison, Sandra


    Explores the ethical issues involved in using standardized tests to implement a state-level policy. Examines the fourth grade science program evaluation test administered in New York State for the first time in 1989. A utilitarian view of ethics ignores the consequences of testing for different constituents, obviates caring behavior, and damages…

  6. Significant issues in proof testing: A critical appraisal

    Chell, G. G.; McClung, R. C.; Russell, D. A.; Chang, K. J.; Donnelly, B.


    Issues which impact on the interpretation and quantification of proof test benefits are reviewed. The importance of each issue in contributing to the extra quality assurance conferred by proof testing components is discussed, particularly with respect to the application of advanced fracture mechanics concepts to enhance the flaw screening capability of a proof test analysis. Items covered include the role in proof testing of elastic-plastic fracture mechanics, ductile instability analysis, deterministic versus probabilistic analysis, single versus multiple cycle proof testing, and non-destructive examination (NDE). The effects of proof testing on subsequent service life are reviewed, particularly with regard to stress redistribution and changes in fracture behavior resulting from the overload. The importance of proof test conditions are also addressed, covering aspects related to test temperature, simulation of service environments, test media and the application of real-time NDE. The role of each issue in a proof test methodology is assessed with respect to its ability to: promote proof test practice to a state-of-the-art; aid optimization of proof test design; and increase awareness and understanding of outstanding issues.

  7. National Testing: The National Debate. ASPIRA Issue Brief.

    Cuenca, Fredericka

    The issue of a national assessment tool in the form of national testing has recently gained momentum. The expectation is that tough national tests would raise national standards and improve educational equity. The goals are ambitious ones and the stakes are particularly high for disadvantaged youth who currently experience the worst effects of…

  8. Problems and Issues in Translating International Educational Achievement Tests

    Arffman, Inga


    The article reviews research and findings on problems and issues faced when translating international academic achievement tests. The purpose is to draw attention to the problems, to help to develop the procedures followed when translating the tests, and to provide suggestions for further research. The problems concentrate on the following: the…

  9. Ethics, policy, and educational issues in genetic testing.

    Williams, Janet K; Skirton, Heather; Masny, Agnes


    Analyze ethics, public policy, and education issues that arise in the United States (US) and the United Kingdom (UK) when genomic information acquired as a result of genetic testing is introduced into healthcare services. Priorities in the Ethical, Legal, and Social Issues Research Program include privacy, integration of genetic services into clinical health care, and educational preparation of the nursing workforce. These constructs are used to examine health policies in the US and UK, and professional interactions of individuals and families with healthcare providers. Individual, family, and societal goals may conflict with current healthcare practices and policies when genetic testing is done. Current health policies do not fully address these concerns. Unresolved issues include protection of privacy of individuals while considering genetic information needs of family members, determination of appropriate monitoring of genetic tests, addressing genetic healthcare discrepancies, and assuring appropriate nursing workforce preparation. Introduction of genetic testing into health care requires that providers are knowledgeable regarding ethical, policy, and practice issues in order to minimize risk for harm, protect the rights of individuals and families, and consider societal context in the management of genetic test results. Understanding of these issues is a component of genetic nursing competency that must be addressed at all levels of nursing education.

  10. Genetic Testing for Rare Cancer: The Wider Issues.

    Jacobs, Chris; Pichert, Gabriella


    Identification of a potential genetic susceptibility to cancer and confirmation of a pathogenic gene mutation raises a number of challenging issues for the patient with cancer, their relatives and the health professionals caring for them. The specific risks and management issues associated with rare cancer types have been addressed in the earlier chapters. This chapter considers the wider issues involved in genetic counselling and genetic testing for a genetic susceptibility to cancer for patients, families and health professionals. The first part of the chapter will present the issues raised by the current practice in genetic counselling and genetic testing for cancer susceptibility. The second part of the chapter will address some of the issues raised by the advances in genetic testing technology and the future opportunities provided by personalised medicine and targeted cancer therapy. Facilitating these developments requires closer integration of genomics into mainstream cancer care, challenging the existing paradigm of genetic medicine, adding additional layers of complexity to the risk assessment and management of cancer and presenting wider issues for patients, families, health professionals and clinical services.

  11. Radiation Testing and Evaluation Issues for Modern Integrated Circuits

    LaBel, Kenneth A.; Cohn, Lew M.


    Abstract. Changes in modern integrated circuit (IC) technologies have modified the way we approach and conduct radiation tolerance and testing of electronics. These changes include scaling of geometries, new materials, new packaging technologies, and overall speed and device complexity challenges. In this short course section, we will identify and discuss these issues as they impact radiation testing, modeling, and effects mitigation of modern integrated circuits. The focus will be on CMOS-based technologies, however, other high performance technologies will be discussed where appropriate. The effects of concern will be: Single-Event Effects (SEE) and steady state total ionizing dose (TID) IC response. However, due to the growing use of opto-electronics in space systems issues concerning displacement damage testing will also be considered. This short course section is not intended to provide detailed "how-to-test" information, but simply provide a snapshot of current challenges and some of the approaches being considered.

  12. Research issues in the automated testing of Ajax applications

    Van Deursen, A.; Mesbah, A.


    Note: This paper is a pre-print of: Arie van Deursen and Ali Mesbah. Research Issues in the Automated Testing of Ajax Applications. In Proceedings 36th International Conference on Current Trend in Theory and Practice of Computer Science (SOFSEM), pp. 16-28. Lecture Notes in Computer Science 5901, Sp

  13. Reunión 54 de la Comisión de Coordinación de la UEAtc. Informe sobre la actividad de los DIT en España en el año 2007

    Blázquez Morales, Antonio


    Full Text Available In 2007 the number of T.A. (DIT, DIT plus, etc., issued by the IETcc has increased significantly maintaining the positive evolution of the last four years. The fact that this increase is running together with enlarge of activities for European Technical Approval in the field of EOTA must be remarked. Actually 2007 has been the year record for the numbers of documents issued both DIT and ETAs. During the first semester 2007 the Spanish economy has had a positive evolution but some slowdown during the second semester seems to concern all the agents for the near future. The acceptance of the DIT and DIT plus by the Quality Control Organisations representing the Insurance Companies, under the provisions of the Spanish Building Law and the National Building Technical Code (CTE seems to be for the future the main basis for supporting manufacturer and technician’s interest. All the certificates issued by IETcc (DIT and DIT plus included those based on Confirmation Procedure of UEAtc must contain the necessary information to justify the fulfilment of the CTE. This justification must be managed considering each basic (essential requirement. The number of applications for DIT plus (application document is growing year by year. The number of certificates DIT plus issued in 2007 (24 as well as the number of applications underway (30 confirms the interest and confidence of the Spanish manufacturers on this procedure.Durante el primer semestre del año 2007, la economía española tuvo una evolución positiva, pero la ralentización del crecimiento de la misma durante el segundo semestre ha supuesto una seria preocupación para todos los agentes involucrados en construcción, finalizándose el año con la sensación de estar al inicio de una cierta crisis de la construcción, más acusada en el sector edificación que en el industrial. Sin embargo, durante el año 2007, el número de Documentos de Idoneidad Técnica (DIT, DIT plus concedidos por el IETcc

  14. [Issues on business of genetic testing in near future].

    Takada, Fumio


    Since 1990's, a business condition that company sells genetic testing services directly to consumers without through medical facility, so called "direct-to-consumers (DTC) genetic testing", has risen. They provide genetic testing for obesity, disease susceptibility or paternity, etc. There are serious problems in this kind of business. Most of the providers do not make sales with face-to-face selling, and do through internet instead. They do not provide genetic counseling by certified genetic counselor or clinical geneticist. Most DTC genetic testing services for disease susceptibility or predispositions including obesity, lack scientific validity, clinical validity and clinical utility. And also including paternity genetic testing, they all have risks of ethical legal and social issues (ELSI) in genetic discrimination and/or eugenics. The specific problem in Japan is that the healthcare section of the government still has not paid attention and not taken seriously the requirement to deploy safety net.

  15. Teaching to the Test: A Controversial Issue in Quantitative Measurement

    Jennifer L. Styron


    Full Text Available discussion of the pros and cons of focusing curricular and pedagogical decisions primarily on mastery of those skills and concepts measured by standardized tests. This paper presents scholarly discourse based on testing systems and school accountability, along with a presentation of the advantages and disadvantages of what is commonly referred to as 'teaching to the test.' The authors of this document found research studies to be inconclusive with no clear indication of whether or not there is an advantage or disadvantage to the practice of teaching to the test. But most notably, the actual issue connected to this debate may be the lack of understanding of item-teaching and curricular teaching. In the mind of many educators, item teaching, curriculum teaching and teaching to the test are synonymous.

  16. Ethical Issues with Genetic Testing for Tay-Sachs.

    Clayton, Tricia

    Several genetic disorders are specific to Jewish heritage; one of the most devastating is Tay-Sachs disease.Tay-Sachs is a fatal hereditary disease, causing progressive neurological problems for which there is no cure. Ethical issues surrounding genetic testing for Tay-Sachs within the Jewish community continue to be complex and multifaceted. A perspective of Tay-Sachs, using rights-based ethics and virtue ethics as a theoretical framework, is explored.

  17. Performance testing of supercapacitors: Important issues and uncertainties

    Zhao, Jingyuan; Gao, Yinghan; Burke, Andrew F.


    Supercapacitors are a promising technology for high power energy storage, which have been used in some industrial and vehicles applications. Hence, it is important that information concerning the performance of supercapacitors be detailed and reliable so system designers can make rational decisions regarding the selection of the energy storage components. This paper is concerned with important issues and uncertainties regarding the performance testing of supercapacitors. The effect of different test procedures on the measured characteristics of both commercial and prototype supercapacitors including hybrid supercapacitors have been studied. It was found that the test procedure has a relatively minor effect on the capacitance of carbon/carbon devices and a more significant effect on the capacitance of hybrid supercapacitors. The device characteristic with the greatest uncertainty is the resistance and subsequently the claimed power capability of the device. The energy density should be measured by performing constant power discharges between appropriate voltage limits. This is particularly important in the case of hybrid supercapacitors for which the energy density is rate dependent and the simple relationship E = ½CV2 does not yield accurate estimates of the energy stored. In general, most of the important issues for testing carbon/carbon devices become more serious for hybrid supercapacitors.

  18. Assessing Veterinary and Animal Science Students' Moral Judgment Development on Animal Ethics Issues.

    Verrinder, Joy M; Phillips, Clive J C


    Little has been done to assess veterinarians' moral judgment in relation to animal ethics issues. Following development of the VetDIT, a new moral judgment measure for animal ethics issues, this study aimed to refine and further validate the VetDIT, and to identify effects of teaching interventions on moral judgment and changes in moral judgment over time. VetDIT-V1 was refined into VetDIT-V2, and V3 was developed as a post-intervention test to prevent repetition. To test these versions for comparability, veterinary and animal science students (n=271) were randomly assigned to complete different versions. The VetDIT discriminates between stages of moral judgment, condensed into three schemas: Personal Interest (PI), Maintaining Norms (MN), and Universal Principles (UP). There were no differences in the scores for MN and UP between the versions, and we equated PI scores to account for differences between versions. Veterinary science students (n=130) who completed a three-hour small-group workshop on moral development theory and ethical decision making increased their use of UP in moral reasoning, whereas students (n=271) who received similar information in a 50-minute lecture did not. A longitudinal comparison of matched first- and third-year students (n=39) revealed no moral judgment development toward greater use of UP. The VetDIT is therefore useful for assessing moral judgment of animal and human ethics issues in veterinary and other animal-related professions. Intensive small-group workshops using moral development knowledge and skills, rather than lectures, are conducive to developing veterinary students' moral judgment.

  19. Personal genome testing: Test characteristics to clarify the discourse on ethical, legal and societal issues

    Janssens A Cecile JW


    Full Text Available Abstract Background As genetics technology proceeds, practices of genetic testing have become more heterogeneous: many different types of tests are finding their way to the public in different settings and for a variety of purposes. This diversification is relevant to the discourse on ethical, legal and societal issues (ELSI surrounding genetic testing, which must evolve to encompass these differences. One important development is the rise of personal genome testing on the basis of genetic profiling: the testing of multiple genetic variants simultaneously for the prediction of common multifactorial diseases. Currently, an increasing number of companies are offering personal genome tests directly to consumers and are spurring ELSI-discussions, which stand in need of clarification. This paper presents a systematic approach to the ELSI-evaluation of personal genome testing for multifactorial diseases along the lines of its test characteristics. Discussion This paper addresses four test characteristics of personal genome testing: its being a non-targeted type of testing, its high analytical validity, low clinical validity and problematic clinical utility. These characteristics raise their own specific ELSI, for example: non-targeted genetic profiling poses serious problems for information provision and informed consent. Questions about the quantity and quality of the necessary information, as well as about moral responsibilities with regard to the provision of information are therefore becoming central themes within ELSI-discussions of personal genome testing. Further, the current low level of clinical validity of genetic profiles raises questions concerning societal risks and regulatory requirements, whereas simultaneously it causes traditional ELSI-issues of clinical genetics, such as psychological and health risks, discrimination, and stigmatization, to lose part of their relevance. Also, classic notions of clinical utility are challenged by the

  20. Psychometric issues and test quality in the Netherlands

    Egberink, Iris; Hurks, Petra


    The Dutch Committee on Tests and Testing (COTAN) aims at improving test use and test quality in the Netherlands. Improving test use is done by raising standards in the use of psychological tests. Improving test quality is done by assessing the quality of different psychological instruments that are

  1. Psychometric issues and test quality in the Netherlands

    Egberink, I.J.L.; Hurks, P.P.M.

    The Dutch Committee on Tests and Testing (COTAN) aims at improving test use and test quality in the Netherlands. Improving test use is done by raising standards in the use of psychological tests. Improving test quality is done by assessing the quality of different psychological instruments that are

  2. Critical issues in psychological test use in the South African workplace

    Heidi Paterson


    Full Text Available Various factors in South African workplaces, ranging from unemployment and equity considerations to rapid occupational change driven by technological inputs, have placed greater emphasis on effective selection and development of human resources. This leads to greater demands on psychological assessment in the organizational setting with respect to ensuring responsible, ethical and equitable assessment. The study aims to investigate the extent and purposes of psychological test usage, the influence of the changing world of work on assessment, equity and cross-cultural applicability of tests and competence of test users in South Africa. The results are based on twenty two structured individual interviews, which were conducted with purposively sampled stakeholders from various economic sectors. Opsomming Verskeie faktore in Suid-Afrikaanse werkomgewing, wat wissel van werkloosheid en billikheidsoorwegings tot by vinnig veranderende beroepsomstandighede as gevolg van tegnologiese ontwikkeling, plaas toenemende druk op die doeltreffende keuring en ontwikkeling van menslike hulpbronne. Dit lei tot toenemende eise wat in die organisasie konteks aan sielkundige meting gestel word om verantwoordelike, etiese en billike assessering te verseker. Hierdie studie was daarop gerig om die doel met en omvang van die gebruik van sielkundige toetse, die invloed van die veranderende wêreld van werk op die assessering, billike en kruiskulturele toepaslikheid van toetse, asook die bevoegdheid van toetsgebruikers in Suid-Afrika te ondersoek. Die resultate is gebaseer op ’n doelgerigte steekproef van twee-en-twintig gestruktureerde onderhoude wat met belanghebbers uit verskillende ekonomiese sektore, gevoer is.

  3. Interpréter, avez-vous dit !

    Marc-Henry Soulet


    , corresponding to what interpretation is all about. But over and above this fact, we still need to agree on what interpretation really means and, especially, to clarify how to interpret. In addressing such issues in this short article, I will adopt a passeronian perspective – entirely interpretative and empirically constraint – as well as attempting to develop the avenues that this perspective suggests.Interpretar, dice usted!Interpretar, en lo que concierne la complejidad del encaminamiento es decir traspasar el sentido de lo que uno pretende comunicar, poner a la luz del día los significados, establecer paralelos y analogías de un sistema a otro con el fin de hallar una significación es un encaminamiento esencial en las ciencias sociales. Esto no quiere decir que sea una introspección empática que nos permite descubrir  nuestro prójimo, ni siquiera que nos permita comprender los motivos y las razones por las cuales actúa. En realidad, la interpretación se focaliza en la conexión entre las actuaciones, entre fenómenos y en la significación de esta relación según dos modos distintos ilustrados en la dicotomía de Charles-Henri Cuin : 1 una interpretación explicativa; 2 una interpretación semiológica. En los dos casos, la acción sociológica lleva en si el esfuerzo de ir más allá de lo que significan los datos lo cual es lo esencial en un encaminamiento demostrativo. Pero yendo más lejos, hay que ponerse de acuerdo sobre lo que significa interpretar y sobre todo hacer explícito el encaminamiento interpretativo. Este encaminamiento se inserta en el método interpretativo de Passeron (interpretación condicionada por problemas empíricos, intentando desde luego suscribir a lo que propone este sociólogo.

  4. Waar gaat dit heen? Arbo digitaal: van arpa naar app (3)

    Gallis, R.; Noort, A.


    De nieuwe media van vandaag kunnen morgen al achterhaald zijn. Kun je als arboprofessional wel een goede keuze maken uit al die media? In deze serie van drie artikelen geven we een schets van enkele ontwikkelingen rond nieuwe media en arbeidsomstandigheden. In dit laatste deel blikken we vooruit.Wel

  5. Scientific issues related to the cytology proficiency testing regulations

    Prey Marianne


    Full Text Available Abstract The member organizations of the Cytology Education and Technology Consortium believe there are significant flaws in current cytology proficiency testing regulations. The most immediate needed modifications include lengthening the required testing interval, utilizing stringently validated and continuously monitored slides, changing the grading scheme, and changing the focus of the test from the individual to laboratory level testing. Integration of new computer-assisted and located-guided screening technologies into the testing protocols is necessary for the testing protocol to be compliant with the law.

  6. Test Code Quality and Its Relation to Issue Handling Performance

    Athanasiou, D.; Nugroho, A.; Visser, J.; Zaidman, A.


    Automated testing is a basic principle of agile development. Its benefits include early defect detection, defect cause localization and removal of fear to apply changes to the code. Therefore, maintaining high quality test code is essential. This study introduces a model that assesses test code qual

  7. Computer Adaptive Multistage Testing: Practical Issues, Challenges and Principles

    Halil Ibrahim SARI


    Full Text Available The purpose of many test in the educational and psychological measurement is to measure test takers’ latent trait scores from responses given to a set of items. Over the years, this has been done by traditional methods (paper and pencil tests. However, compared to other test administration models (e.g., adaptive testing, traditional methods are extensively criticized in terms of producing low measurement accuracy and long test length. Adaptive testing has been proposed to overcome these problems. There are two popular adaptive testing approaches. These are computerized adaptive testing (CAT and computer adaptive multistage testing (ca-MST. The former is a well-known approach that has been predominantly used in this field. We believe that researchers and practitioners are fairly familiar with many aspects of CAT because it has more than a hundred years of history. However, the same thing is not true for the latter one. Since ca-MST is relatively new, many researchers are not familiar with features of it. The purpose of this study is to closely examine the characteristics of ca-MST, including its working principle, the adaptation procedure called the routing method, test assembly, and scoring, and provide an overview to researchers, with the aim of drawing researchers’ attention to ca-MST and encouraging them to contribute to the research in this area. The books, software and future work for ca-MST are also discussed.

  8. Fem sociale medier har »uindskrænket ret« til at misbruge alt dit indhold

    Nielsen, Jøren Ullits Olai


    Ved du, hvor meget kontrol du har over dit indhold på Facebook, YouTube, Snapchat, Instagram og Twitter? Her giver en juraforsker dig det forkromede overblik.......Ved du, hvor meget kontrol du har over dit indhold på Facebook, YouTube, Snapchat, Instagram og Twitter? Her giver en juraforsker dig det forkromede overblik....

  9. Fem sociale medier har »uindskrænket ret« til at misbruge alt dit indhold

    Nielsen, Jøren Ullits Olai


    Ved du, hvor meget kontrol du har over dit indhold på Facebook, YouTube, Snapchat, Instagram og Twitter? Her giver en juraforsker dig det forkromede overblik.......Ved du, hvor meget kontrol du har over dit indhold på Facebook, YouTube, Snapchat, Instagram og Twitter? Her giver en juraforsker dig det forkromede overblik....

  10. Pre-evaluación DIT de la resistencia frente a la succión del viento de kits de revestimiento de fachada ventilada con bandejas de paneles composite de aluminio

    Lahoz Ruiz, E.


    Full Text Available The pre-assessment DIT of innovative building kits will facilitate the posterior issuing of a Technical Agrément throughout a preliminary but reliable assessment of fitness for use based on their critical performances. For cladding kits based on horizontal stiffened cassettes made of ACP, one of them is the resistance to wind loads. But there is no specific method available yet. It has been analysed its safety in the field of assurance against meteorological risks and regulations. It has been established as hypothesis, that kits would resist winds of speed up to 96 km/h with no breakage neither significant permanent deflections. Different cassettes were tested on a real-scale rig built up with different cassettes. Results lead to conclude that these kits will be safe against wind suction if they resist 2,4 kPa without breakages, and accumulated instantaneous and permanent deflections are restricted respectively to values up to L/30 and L/300, where L is the span between supports.La pre-evaluación DIT de sistemas constructivos innovadores facilitará la posterior emisión de un DIT mediante una evaluación preliminar pero fiable de aquellas prestaciones críticas relativas a su idoneidad de empleo. Para los kits de revestimiento de fachada ventilada con bandejas horizontales procedentes de PCA rigidizadas por su trasdós, una de éstas es la resistencia frente al viento. Pero no hay un método específico. Se analizó su seguridad desde los ámbitos del aseguramiento frente al riesgo meteorológico y de la normativa. Se estableció como hipótesis que resistirían sin roturas ni deformaciones permanentes significativas, valores de succión de viento de hasta 96 km/h. Se ensayaron diferentes bandejas en una maqueta a escala real. Se concluye que estos kits serán seguros si resisten un valor de 2,4 kPa sin rotura, y se limitan las deformaciones acumuladas instantáneas y residuales a valores máximos respectivos de L/30 y L/300, siendo L la

  11. Counselors' Use of Tests: Process and Issues. Highlights: An ERIC/CAPS Digest.

    Hoover, Robert M.

    This digest on test uses in counseling discusses the selection, administration, and scoring of tests; the interpretation of test results; and communication of results to clients. It examines such issues in testing as confidentiality, counselor preparation, client involvement in the testing process, computerized testing, and ethics. (NB)

  12. LADO as a Language Test: Issues of Validity

    McNamara, Tim; Van Den Hazelkamp, Carolien; Verrips, Maaike


    This article brings together the theoretical field of language testing and the practical field of language analysis for the determination of the origin of asylum seekers. It considers what it would mean to think of language analysis as a form of language test, subject to the same validity constraints, and proposes a research agenda.

  13. Scientific issues in drug testing: council on scientific affairs


    Testing for drugs in biologic fluids, especially urine, is a practice that has become widespread. The technology of testing for drugs in urine has greatly improved in recent years. Inexpensive screening techniques are not sufficiently accurate for forensic testing standards, which must be met wihen a person's employment or reputation may be affected by results. This is particularly a concern during screening of a population in which the prevalence of drug use is very low, in which the predictive value of a positive result would be quite low. Physicians should be aware that results from drug testing can yield accurate evidence of prior exposure to drugs, but they do not provide information about patterns of drug use, about abuse of or dependence on drugs, or about mental or physical impairments that may result from drug use.


    Dedi Budiman Hakim


    Full Text Available ASEAN experiences a dynamic economic growth due to its liberalised markets. However concerns arise related to environmental issues resulting from the economic activities. It reflects tradeoffs between economic growth driven by trade and foreign direct investment (FDI, and environment. To investigate such a relation the Environmental Kuznets Curve was applied by regressing amount of carbon emission with gross domestic product (GDP, quadratic GDP, trade openness and FDI. The result reveals that amount of carbon emission is linearly and positively correlated with GDP per capita. It is predicted that as ASEAN economies grow, carbon emission increases. Trade openness is also found to contribute to carbon emission. Keywords: Kuznets curve, carbon emission, gross domestic product, trade, foreign direct investment JEL classification number: F15, F18

  15. The Dublin Institute of Technology Placement Experience Partnership (DIT-PEP) Framework

    Kevin A. Griffin; Flanagan, Sheila; Kennedy-Burke, Elizabeth; Bourke, Stephanie


    The School of Hospitality Management and Tourism at the Dublin Institute of Technology (DIT) developed this best practice framework for managing work placement, using the tourism industry as a case study. However, the DIT‐PEP (Placement Experience Partnership) Framework has been devised so that it can be applied across other sectors. This report presents the DIT‐PEP Framework and provides a summary of the approach used in its development.

  16. Quand le crédit à la consommation classe les gens et les choses

    Ossandón, José


    Le développement du crédit à la consommation est l’une des principales manifestations de la financiarisation de l’économie. Les éléments institutionnels et techniques qui lui ont donné forme tels que les dispositifs d’attribution de score aux consommateurs, de détermination des taux ou encore les...... structuration et que ces travaux empiriques contribuent de façon originale à la sociologie....

  17. Methodological issues in testing the marginal productivity theory

    P.T. Gottschalk (Peter); J. Tinbergen (Jan)


    textabstractPrevious tests of the marginal productivity theory have been criticized on several grounds reviewed by the authors. One important deficiency has been the small number of factor inputs entered in the production functions. In 1978 Gottschalk suggested a method to estimate production functi

  18. Minimal Competency Testing: Issues and Procedures. An Annotated Bibliography.

    Wildemuth, Barbara M., Comp.

    Due to the current legislative trend toward competency-based education, and the accompanying minimal competency testing, a variety of local school districts and state education agencies are concurrently developing programs to meet the standards set by their state's legislation. This selective bibliography was compiled in order to aid those…

  19. A Clinical Perspective on Ethical Issues in Genetic Testing

    Sijmons, R. H.; Van Langen, I. M.; Sijmons, J. G.


    Genetic testing is traditionally preceded by counselling to discuss its advantages and disadvantages with individuals so they can make informed decisions. The new technique of whole genome or exome sequencing, which is currently only used in research settings, can identify many gene mutations, inclu

  20. EDITORIAL Clinical issues in genetic testing for multifactorial diseases

    surgery. In view of the personal and family implications of such SGDs, it is essential that the tests have excellent clinical validity (high sensitivity and specificity) and be ... of BRCA-related breast cancer in a local public health sector setting.

  1. Human factors issues in the design of stereo-rendered photorealistic objects: a stereoscopic Turing test

    Brack, Collin D.; Clewlow, John C.; Kessel, Ivan


    We present visual acuity metrics, human factors issues, and technical considerations in the construction of a stereorendered reality test in the spirit of the Turing test, Alan Turing's famous artificial intelligence test designed to explore the boundaries between human and machine interaction. The overall aim of this work is to provide guiding principles in the design of a stereoscopic reality test.

  2. The Technology of Teacher Licensing Testing: A Discussion of Issues and Recommendations for Practice.

    Crehan, Kevin D.; Hess, Robert K.; D'Agostino, Jerome V.

    This paper focuses on teacher testing issues related to job analysis, test specification development, reliability, and validity. It emphasizes the conceptualization and operational definition of appropriate validity evidence to assess the quality of licensure testing decisions. It is suggested that the process of job, or practice, analysis would…

  3. Policy issues facing the Comprehensive Test Ban Treaty and prospects for the future

    Sweeney, J.


    This report is divided into the following 5 sections: (1) Background; (2) Major Issues Facing Ratification of CTBT; (3) Current Status on CTBT Ratification; (4) Status of CTBT Signatories and Ratifiers; and (5) CTBT Activities Not Prohibited. The major issues facing ratification of CTBT discussed here are: impact on CTBT of START II and ABM ratification; impact of India and Pakistan nuclear tests; CTBT entry into force; and establishment of the Comprehensive Nuclear Test-Ban Treaty Organization.

  4. Communicative Language Testing (CLT): Reflections on the "Issues Revisited" from the Perspective of an Examinations Board

    Wall, Dianne; Taylor, Cathy


    In this article we first summarise the main points raised by Morrow (1979) in the publication that formed the core of the Communicative Language Testing discussions at the original Language Testing Forum (1980). We take into consideration issues raised by the 1980 Forum participants when appropriate. We apply Morrow's ideas and issues…

  5. Adolescent type 1 Diabetes cardio-renal Intervention Trial (AdDIT


    Full Text Available Abstract Background The prognosis for young people diagnosed with diabetes during childhood remains poor and this is mainly related to the long-term risk of developing vascular complications. Microalbuminuria identifies subjects at risk for diabetic nephropathy (DN and cardiovascular disease (CVD. It is often detected in adolescence but is rarely treated before the age of 18 years, as at the end of puberty albumin excretion may decline and in some subjects will return into the normal range. However, evidence indicates that subjects with both transient and persistent microalbuminuria have experienced renal damage during puberty and thus reno-protection to prevent long-term complications is warranted. In adults with diabetes and microalbuminuria, the use of angiotensin converting enzyme inhibitors (ACEI and Statins is increasing, and in order to determine whether these agents are of value in the adolescent population a large randomized controlled clinical trial is needed. Methods/Design The Adolescent type 1 Diabetes cardio-renal Intervention Trial (AdDIT is a multi-center, randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled trial of ACEI and Statin therapy in adolescents with type 1 diabetes. 500 high-risk adolescents, defined on the basis of their albumin excretion, are randomized to receive either ACEI (Quinapril or Statins (Atorvastatin or combination therapy or placebo for 3-4 years. There will also be a parallel open observational study, based on the follow-up of 400 low-risk non-randomized adolescents. The major endpoint of the study is the change in albumin excretion; secondary endpoints include markers of CVD, renal function, retinopathy, quality of life combined with assessment of compliance and potential health economic benefits. Discussion AdDIT will provide important data on the potential renal and cardiovascular protective effects of ACEI and Statins in high-risk adolescents. Long-term follow-up of the randomized subjects will provide

  6. Un inédit de Flaubert : Salammbô. Hommage au Soleil

    Geneviève Mondon


    Full Text Available Parmi les nombreux manuscrits de travail de Salammbô, on a souvent la surprise de découvrir des passages parfois très longs et très travaillés que l’on ne retrouve pas dans le roman publié. Des pans entiers de texte inédit, descriptions, anecdotes, scènes, rêves, constituent un monde passionnant pour la recherche.Un des exemples les plus étonnants est, au chapitre X, la suppression de l’hommage au Soleil qui se développe sur une trentaine de folios dans les brouillons, formant un ensemble pos...

  7. Crédit interentreprises et risque de système

    Alexis Direr


    Nous mettons en évidence une incitation des entreprises à financer leur client plutôt qu'acquérir un actif certain. À l'équilibre, l'entreprise bénéficie d'un rendement supérieur via un accroissement de la corrélation des risques de faillite avec son client. Dans un second temps, nous comparons les risques de défaillance de l'entreprise créancière selon le type de financement choisi : créance-client ou actif sans risque. Nous montrons que la présence de crédit interentreprises aggrave le risq...

  8. De l'évaluation du risque de crédit

    Francois-Éric Racicot; Raymond Théoret


    En recourant de plus en plus aux modèles à forme réduite, la théorie de l'évaluation du risque de crédit se distance de plus en plus de l'ingénierie financière traditionnelle qui donne la part belle aux modèles structurels. Bien qu'ils postulent l'absence d'arbitrage, les modèles à forme réduite reposent sur la distribution des pertes d'une entreprise dans un monde risque-neutre plutôt que sur un processus de diffusion. Il s'ensuit que la faillite n'est pas un processus prévisible comme dans ...

  9. Ethical Issues Raised by Epigenetic Testing for Alcohol, Tobacco, and Cannabis.

    Erwin, Cheryl


    Epigenetic testing is one of the most significant new technologies to provide insight into the behavioral and environmental factors that influence the development and reconfiguration of the human genetic code. This technology allows us to identify structural changes in the genome that occur due to exposure to a wide variety of substances including alcohol, tobacco, and cannabis. The information gained can be used to promote health but it also raises a variety of ethical, legal, and social issues. As society progresses in understanding the epigenetic mechanisms of substance use and addiction, there is an opportunity to use these use this knowledge to enable medical, behavioral, and environmental interventions to alleviate the burden of addiction. This article describes the ethical issues associated with use of epigenetic testing for alcohol, tobacco, and cannabis and the implications of this technology. A further review of the scientific basis for the relevance of epigenetics is found in the accompanying article by Philibert and Erwin in this issue.

  10. Gestion bancaire du risque de non-remboursement des crédits aux entreprises : une revue de la littérature

    Rougès, Véronique


    Les banquiers subissent un risque de non-remboursement des crédits aux entreprises. Ce risque peut être réduit lors des deux phases du crédit : lors de l'octroi, par une analyse du risque de défaillance et la rédaction de contrats incitatifs, et en cours de vie, par un suivi actif du crédit.

  11. On Some Critical Issues of the LAGEOS-Based Tests of the Lense-Thirring Effect

    Iorio, L


    We summarize some critical issues pertaining the tests of the general relativistic Lense-Thirring effect performed by I. Ciufolini and coworkers in the gravitational field of the Earth with the geodetic satellites LAGEOS and LAGEOS II tracked with the Satellite Laser Ranging technique.

  12. 77 FR 15101 - Results From Inert Ingredient Test Orders Issued Under EPA's Endocrine Disruptor Screening...


    ..., Endocrine disruptors, Pesticides and pests. Dated: February 17, 2012. Lois Rossi, Director, Registration... AGENCY Results From Inert Ingredient Test Orders Issued Under EPA's Endocrine Disruptor Screening Program... EPA's Endocrine Disruptor Screening Program (EDSP) and the Federal Food, Drug, and Cosmetic Act...

  13. Thermal issues in test: An overview of the significant aspects and industrial practice

    Alt, J.; Bernardi, P.; Bosio, A.; Cantoro, R.; Kerkhoff, H.; Leininger, A.; Molzer, W.; Motta, A.; Pacha, C.; Pagani, A.; Rohani, A.; Strasser, S.


    Thermal phenomena occurring along test execution at the final stages of the manufacturing flow are considered as a significant issue for several reasons, including dramatic effects like circuit damage that is leading to yield loss. This paper tries to redeem those bad guys in order to exploit them t

  14. Moral Schemas and Tacit Judgement or How the Defining Issues Test Is Supported by Cognitive Science.

    Narvaez, Darcia; Bock, Tonia


    Discusses three core moral judgement ideas: (1) modern schema theory, (2) automatic decision-making frequency, and (3) implicit processes as the default mode of human information processing. Compares the Defining Issues Test (measures the beginnings of moral judgement) and the Lawrence Kohlberg Moral Judgement Interview (measures the highest level…

  15. Thermal issues in test: An overview of the significant aspects and industrial practice

    Alt, J.; Bernardi, P.; Bosio, A.; Cantoro, R.; Kerkhoff, Hans G.; Leininger, A; Molzer, W.; Motta, A.; Pacha, C.; Pagani, A; Rohani, A.; Strasser, S.

    Thermal phenomena occurring along test execution at the final stages of the manufacturing flow are considered as a significant issue for several reasons, including dramatic effects like circuit damage that is leading to yield loss. This paper tries to redeem those bad guys in order to exploit them

  16. Social Studies Teachers' Attitudes Concerning Controversial Public Issues Instruction and State Mandated Tests

    Nance, Starlynn Raenae


    This transcendental phenomenological qualitative study examines attitudes toward Controversial Public Issue instruction by teachers who used mandated standards and state tests. After the interviews of 11 social studies teachers (high school, middle school and junior high) five distinct themes emerged in the study. Overall, participants execute…

  17. Genetic counseling issues in predictive genetic testing for familial adult-onset neurologic diseases.

    Burson, C M; Markey, K R


    Genetic counseling is important in any genetic testing situation in order to address the various issues related to obtaining a genetic diagnosis. Presymptomatic testing for adult-onset neurodegenerative disease, in particular, presents a complex counseling scenario. It is imperative to discuss the potential impact of test results on patients' family dynamics, insurability and employability, family planning, and future health in addition to ascertaining a complete understanding of recurrence, inheritance, and testing parameters. The Huntington disease presymptomatic testing protocol is well-defined and has been used for more than 10 years. These guidelines, which protect both patient and provider, can now be applied to other diseases as further presymptomatic testing capabilities are realized.

  18. General-Purpose Heat Source Development: Safety Test Program. Postimpact evaluation, Design Iteration Test 3

    Schonfeld, F.W.; George, T.G.


    The General-Purpose Heat Source(GPHS) provides power for space missions by transmitting the heat of /sup 238/PuO/sub 2/ decay to thermoelectric elements. Because of the inevitable return of certain aborted missions, the heat source must be designed and constructed to survive both re-entry and Earth impact. The Design Iteration Test (DIT) series is part of an ongoing test program. In the third test (DIT-3), a full GPHS module was impacted at 58 m/s and 930/sup 0/C. The module impacted the target at an angle of 30/sup 0/ to the pole of the large faces. The four capsules used in DIT-3 survived impact with minimal deformation; no internal cracks other than in the regions indicated by Savannah River Plant (SRP) preimpact nondestructive testing were observed in any of the capsules. The 30/sup 0/ impact orientation used in DIT-3 was considerably less severe than the flat-on impact utilized in DIT-1 and DIT-2. The four capsules used in DIT-1 survived, while two of the capsules used in DIT-2 breached; a small quantity (approx. = 50 of /sup 238/PuO/sub 2/ was released from the capsules breached in the DIT-2 impact. All of the capsules used in DIT-1 and DIT-2 were severely deformed and contained large internal cracks. Postimpact analyses of the DIT-3 test components are described, with emphasis on weld structure and the behavior of defects identified by SRP nondestructive testing.

  19. Configuration management issues and objectives for a real-time research flight test support facility

    Yergensen, Stephen; Rhea, Donald C.


    Presented are some of the critical issues and objectives pertaining to configuration management for the NASA Western Aeronautical Test Range (WATR) of Ames Research Center. The primary mission of the WATR is to provide a capability for the conduct of aeronautical research flight test through real-time processing and display, tracking, and communications systems. In providing this capability, the WATR must maintain and enforce a configuration management plan which is independent of, but complimentary to, various research flight test project configuration management systems. A primary WATR objective is the continued development of generic research flight test project support capability, wherein the reliability of WATR support provided to all project users is a constant priority. Therefore, the processing of configuration change requests for specific research flight test project requirements must be evaluated within a perspective that maintains this primary objective.

  20. The Engineering and Science Issues Test (ESIT): a discipline-specific approach to assessing moral judgment.

    Borenstein, Jason; Drake, Matthew J; Kirkman, Robert; Swann, Julie L


    To assess ethics pedagogy in science and engineering, we developed a new tool called the Engineering and Science Issues Test (ESIT). ESIT measures moral judgment in a manner similar to the Defining Issues Test, second edition, but is built around technical dilemmas in science and engineering. We used a quasi-experimental approach with pre- and post-tests, and we compared the results to those of a control group with no overt ethics instruction. Our findings are that several (but not all) stand-alone classes showed a significant improvement compared to the control group when the metric includes multiple stages of moral development. We also found that the written test had a higher response rate and sensitivity to pedagogy than the electronic version. We do not find significant differences on pre-test scores with respect to age, education level, gender or political leanings, but we do on whether subjects were native English speakers. We did not find significant differences on pre-test scores based on whether subjects had previous ethics instruction; this could suggest a lack of a long-term effect from the instruction.

  1. Technological Issues and High Gradient Test Results on X-Band Molybdenum Accelerating Structures

    Spataro, B.; /LNF, Dafne Light; Alesini, D.; /LNF, Dafne Light; Chimenti, V.; /LNF, Dafne Light; Dolgashev, V.; /SLAC; Haase, A.; /SLAC; Tantawi, S.G.; /SLAC; Higashi, Y.; /KEK, Tsukuba; Marrelli, C.; /Rome U.; Mostacci, A.; /Rome U.; Parodi, R.; /INFN, Genoa; Yeremian, A.D.; /SLAC


    Two 11.424 GHz single cell standing wave accelerating structures have been fabricated for high gradient RF breakdown studies. Both are brazed structures: one made from copper and the other from sintered molybdenum bulk. The tests results are presented and compared to those of similar devices constructed at SLAC (Stanford Linear Accelerator Center) and KEK (Ko Enerugi Kasokuki Kenkyu Kiko). The technological issues to build both sections are discussed.

  2. Technological issues and high gradient test results on X-band molybdenum accelerating structures

    Spataro, B., E-mail: [INFN-LNF, Via E. Fermi 40, 00044 Frascati (Italy); Alesini, D.; Chimenti, V. [INFN-LNF, Via E. Fermi 40, 00044 Frascati (Italy); Dolgashev, V.; Haase, A.; Tantawi, S.G. [SLAC, 2575 Sand Hill Road, Menlo Park, CA 94025 (United States); Higashi, Y. [KEK 1-1 Oho, Tsukuba, Ibaraki, 305-0801 (Japan); Marrelli, C.; Mostacci, A. [University of Rome Sapienza, Department of Fundamental and Applied Science for Engineering, Via A. Scarpa 14, 00185 Rome (Italy); Parodi, R. [INFN-Genova, Via Dodecaneso 33, 16146 Genova (Italy); Yeremian, A.D. [SLAC, 2575 Sand Hill Road, Menlo Park, CA 94025 (United States)


    Two 11.424 GHz single cell standing wave accelerating structures have been fabricated for high gradient RF breakdown studies. Both are brazed structures: one made from copper and the other from sintered molybdenum bulk. The tests results are presented and compared to those of similar devices constructed at SLAC (Stanford Linear Accelerator Center) and KEK (Ko Enerugi Kasokuki Kenkyu Kiko). The technological issues to build both sections are discussed.

  3. Illicit drugs, testing, prevention and work in France: ethical and legal issues.

    Fantoni-Quinton, Sophie; Bossu, Bernard; Morgenroth, Thomas; Frimat, Paul


    The use of illicit drugs in the workplace raises issues pertaining to prevention and safety and the responsibility of the various members of staff. It also brings into question the interface between work and private life. If employees are in theory responsible for their own safety and risk heavy penalties in the event of the consumption of illicit drugs in the workplace, such behaviour has to be proved. In reality, the worker can only be partially and marginally held liable, given the fact that the employer is prohibited from infringing on their rights and liberties (restrictions on the searching of their personal belongings and lockers as well as on the carrying out of breath testing and saliva testing under restrictive conditions). Employers have for their part a broader range of responsibilities and, above all, an absolute obligation to achieve specific goals in terms of health and safety resulting in the need to take action. In accordance with the International Labour Organization recommendations, European and national legislation, the employer has to implement a suitable preventive policy. However, where is the balance between prevention and repression? Very few studies have raised these issues and our aim is to precisely situate the place of drug testing in the employer's repressive arsenal in France and to try to answer the legal and ethical issues raised. Thus, for example, repression can only be acceptable when it deals with moderate and non-addicted users, or it could be tantamount to discrimination.

  4. Safety Issues at the DOE Test and Research Reactors. A Report to the U.S. Department of Energy.

    National Academy of Sciences - National Research Council, Washington, DC. Commission on Physical Sciences, Mathematics, and Resources.

    This report provides an assessment of safety issues at the Department of Energy (DOE) test and research reactors. Part A identifies six safety issues of the reactors. These issues include the safety design philosophy, the conduct of safety reviews, the performance of probabilistic risk assessments, the reliance on reactor operators, the fragmented…

  5. A Review on Key Issues and Challenges in Devices Level MEMS Testing

    Muhammad Shoaib


    Full Text Available The present review provides information relevant to issues and challenges in MEMS testing techniques that are implemented to analyze the microelectromechanical systems (MEMS behavior for specific application and operating conditions. MEMS devices are more complex and extremely diverse due to the immersion of multidomains. Their failure modes are distinctive under different circumstances. Therefore, testing of these systems at device level as well as at mass production level, that is, parallel testing, is becoming very challenging as compared to the IC test, because MEMS respond to electrical, physical, chemical, and optical stimuli. Currently, test systems developed for MEMS devices have to be customized due to their nondeterministic behavior and complexity. The accurate measurement of test systems for MEMS is difficult to quantify in the production phase. The complexity of the device to be tested required maturity in the test technique which increases the cost of test development; this practice is directly imposed on the device cost. This factor causes a delay in time-to-market.

  6. Measurement invariance via multigroup SEM: Issues and solutions with chi-square-difference tests.

    Yuan, Ke-Hai; Chan, Wai


    Multigroup structural equation modeling (SEM) plays a key role in studying measurement invariance and in group comparison. When population covariance matrices are deemed not equal across groups, the next step to substantiate measurement invariance is to see whether the sample covariance matrices in all the groups can be adequately fitted by the same factor model, called configural invariance. After configural invariance is established, cross-group equalities of factor loadings, error variances, and factor variances-covariances are then examined in sequence. With mean structures, cross-group equalities of intercepts and factor means are also examined. The established rule is that if the statistic at the current model is not significant at the level of .05, one then moves on to testing the next more restricted model using a chi-square-difference statistic. This article argues that such an established rule is unable to control either Type I or Type II errors. Analysis, an example, and Monte Carlo results show why and how chi-square-difference tests are easily misused. The fundamental issue is that chi-square-difference tests are developed under the assumption that the base model is sufficiently close to the population, and a nonsignificant chi-square statistic tells little about how good the model is. To overcome this issue, this article further proposes that null hypothesis testing in multigroup SEM be replaced by equivalence testing, which allows researchers to effectively control the size of misspecification before moving on to testing a more restricted model. R code is also provided to facilitate the applications of equivalence testing for multigroup SEM. (PsycINFO Database Record

  7. Technical issues of reduced activation ferritic/martensitic steels for fabrication of ITER test blanket modules

    Tanigawa, H. [Japan Atomic Energy Agency, Tokai, Ibaraki 319-1195 (Japan)], E-mail:; Hirose, T.; Shiba, K. [Japan Atomic Energy Agency, Tokai, Ibaraki 319-1195 (Japan); Kasada, R. [Institute of Advanced Energy, Kyoto University, Uji, Kyoto 611-0011 (Japan); Wakai, E. [Japan Atomic Energy Agency, Tokai, Ibaraki 319-1195 (Japan); Serizawa, H.; Kawahito, Y. [Joining and Welding Research Institute, Osaka University, Ibaraki, Osaka 567-0047 (Japan); Jitsukawa, S. [Japan Atomic Energy Agency, Tokai, Ibaraki 319-1195 (Japan); Kimura, A. [Institute of Advanced Energy, Kyoto University, Uji, Kyoto 611-0011 (Japan); Kohno, Y. [Department of Materials Science and Engineering, Muroran Institute of Technology, Muroran, Hokkaido 050-8585 (Japan); Kohyama, A. [Institute of Advanced Energy, Kyoto University, Uji, Kyoto 611-0011 (Japan); Katayama, S. [Joining and Welding Research Institute, Osaka University, Ibaraki, Osaka 567-0047 (Japan); Mori, H.; Nishimoto, K. [Division of Materials and Manufacturing Science, Osaka University, Ibaraki, Osaka 565-0871 (Japan); Klueh, R.L.; Sokolov, M.A.; Stoller, R.E.; Zinkle, S.J. [Materials Science and Technology Division, Oak Ridge National Laboratory, Oak Ridge, TN 37831-6132 (United States)


    Reduced activation ferritic/martensitic steels (RAFMs) are recognized as the primary candidate structural materials for fusion blanket systems. The RAFM F82H was developed in Japan with emphasis on high-temperature properties and weldability. Extensive irradiation studies have conducted on F82H, and it has the most extensive available database of irradiated and unirradiated properties of all RAFMs. The objective of this paper is to review the R and D status of F82H and to identify the key technical issues for the fabrication of an ITER test blanket module (TBM) suggested from the recent research achievements in Japan. This work clarified that the primary issues with F82H involve welding techniques and the mechanical properties of weld joints. This is the result of the distinctive nature of the joint caused by the phase transformation that occurs in the weld joint during cooling, and its impact on the design of a TBM will be discussed.

  8. Crise des subprimes: conséquences sur les crédits hypothécaires en Suisse

    Maggialetti, Pietro; Walle, Arnaud


    Aujourd’hui, la crise des subprimes est un sujet d’actualité, c’est pourquoi nous avons choisi une problématique qui touche ce phénomène. Afin de comprendre quelles ont été les conséquences des subprimes sur les conditions de crédits hypothécaires en Suisse, nous avons réalisé diverses interviews. Nous avons contacté des banques (UBS, Crédit Suisse, Banque Cantonale de Genève et Raiffeisen), des sociétés d’expertise immobilière ainsi que des établissements aptes à fournir des informations sta...

  9. Noninvasive Prenatal Genetic Testing: Current and Emerging Ethical, Legal, and Social Issues.

    Minear, Mollie A; Alessi, Stephanie; Allyse, Megan; Michie, Marsha; Chandrasekharan, Subhashini


    Noninvasive prenatal genetic testing (NIPT) for chromosomal aneuploidy involving the analysis of cell-free fetal DNA became commercially available in 2011. The low false-positive rate of NIPT, which reduces unnecessary prenatal invasive diagnostic procedures, has led to broad clinician and patient adoption. We discuss the ethical, legal, and social issues raised by rapid and global dissemination of NIPT. The number of women using NIPT is anticipated to expand, and the number of conditions being tested for will continue to increase as well, raising concerns about the routinization of testing and negative impacts on informed decision making. Ensuring that accurate and balanced information is available to all pregnant women and that access to NIPT is equitable will require policy guidance from regulators, professional societies, and payers. Empirical evidence about stakeholders' perspectives and experiences will continue to be essential in guiding policy development so that advances in NIPT can be used effectively and appropriately to improve prenatal care.

  10. [Direct-to-consumer genetic testing through Internet: marketing, ethical and social issues].

    Ducournau, Pascal; Gourraud, Pierre-Antoine; Rial-Sebbag, Emmanuelle; Bulle, Alexandre; Cambon-Thomsen, Anne


    We probably did not anticipate all the consequences of the direct to consumer genetic tests on Internet, resulting from the combined skills of communication and genomic advances. What are the commercial strategies used by the companies offering direct-to-consumer genetic tests on Internet and what are the different social expectations on which they focus? Through a quantitative and qualitative analysis of the web sites offering such tests, it seems that these companies target a triple market based on: the "healthism" which raises health and hygiene to the top of the social values; the contemporary demands of the users to become actual actors of health decisions; and finally on the need for bio-social relationships. These three commercial strategies underlie various ethical and societal issues justifying a general analysis.

  11. Adapting oecd aquatic toxicity tests for use with manufactured nanomaterials: key issues and consensus recommendations

    Petersen, Elijah J.; Diamond, Stephen A.; Kennedy, Alan J.


    The unique or enhanced properties of manufactured nanomaterials (MNs) suggest that their use in nano-enabled products will continue to increase. This will result in increased potential for human and environmental exposure to MNs, during manufacturing, use, and disposal of nano-enabled products...... participants that require specific guidance for MN testing: preparation of dispersions, dose metrics, the importance and challenges associated with maintaining and monitoring exposure levels, and the need for reliable methods to quantify MNs in complex media. To facilitate a scientific advance...... in the consistency of nanoecotoxicology test results, we identify and discuss critical considerations where expert consensus recommendations were and were not achieved, and provide specific research recommendations to resolve issues for which consensus was not reached. This process will enable development...

  12. Thermal-Hydraulic Issues in the ITER Toroidal Field Model Coil (TFMC) Test and Analysis

    Zanino, R.; Bagnasco, M.; Fillunger, H.; Heller, R.; Savoldi Richard, L.; Suesser, M.; Zahn, G.


    The International Thermonuclear Experimental Reactor (ITER) Toroidal Field Model Coil (TFMC) was tested in the Toska facility of Forschungszentrum Karlsruhe during 2001 (standalone) and 2002 (in the background magnetic field of the LCT coil). The TFMC is a racetrack coil wound in five double pancakes on stainless steel radial plates using Nb3Sn dual-channel cable-in-conduit conductor (CICC) with a thin circular SS jacket. The coil was cooled by supercritical helium in forced convection at nominal 4.5 K and 0.5 MPa. Instrumentation, all outside the coil, included voltage taps, pressure and temperature sensors, as well as flow meters. Additionally, differential pressure drop measurement was available on the two pancakes DP1.1 and DP1.2, equipped with heaters. Two major thermal-hydraulic issues in the TFMC tests will be addressed here: 1) the pressure drop along heated pancakes and the comparison with friction factor correlations; 2) the quench initiation and propagation. Other thermal-hydraulic issues like heat generation and exchange in joints, radial plates, coil case, or the effects of the resistive heaters on the helium dynamics, have been already addressed elsewhere.

  13. Quality issues concerning genetic counselling for presymptomatic testing: a European Delphi study.

    Paneque, Milena; Sequeiros, Jorge; Skirton, Heather


    Genetic counselling for presymptomatic testing is complex, bringing both ethical and practical questions. There are protocols for counselling but a scarcity of literature regarding quality assessment of such counselling practice. Generic quality assessment tools for genetic services are not specific to presymptomatic testing (PST). Therefore, the aim of this study was to identify aspects of effective counselling practice in PST for late-onset neurological disorders. We used the Delphi method to ascertain the views of relevant European experts in genetic counselling practice, ascertained via published literature and nomination by practitioners. Ethical approval was obtained. Questionnaires were sent electronically to a list of 45 experts, (Medical Doctors, Geneticists, Genetic Counsellors and Genetic Nurses), who each contributed to one to three rounds. In the first round, we provided a list of relevant indicators of quality of practice from a literature review. Experts were requested to evaluate topics in four domains: (a) professional standards; (b) service standards; (c) the consultant's perspective; and (d) protocol standards. We then removed items receiving less than 65% approval and added new issues suggested by experts. The second round was performed for the refinement of issues and the last round was aimed at achieving final consensus on high-standard indicators of quality, for inclusion in the assessment tool. The most relevant indicators were related to (1) consultant-centred practice and (2) advanced counselling and interpersonal skills of professionals. Defined high-standard indicators can be used for the development of a new tool for quality assessment of PST counselling practice.

  14. Technical issues of RAFMs for the fabrication of ITER Test Blanket Module

    Tanigawa, Hiroyasu; Hirose, Takanori; Shiba, Kiyoyuki [Japan Atomic Energy Agency (JP)] (and others)


    Reduced activation ferritic/martensitic steels (RAFMs) are recognized as the primary candidate structural materials for fusion blanket systems, as it has they have been developed based on massive industrial experience of ferritic/martensitic steel replacing Mo and Nb of high chromium heat resistant martensitic steels (such as modified 9Cr-1Mo) with W and Ta, respectively. F82H and JLF-1 are RAFMs, which have been developed and studied in Japan and the various effects of irradiation were reported. F82H is designed with emphasis on high temperature property and weldability, and was provided and evaluated in various countries as a part of the IEA fusion materials development collaboration. The JAEA/US collaboration program also has been conducted with the emphasis on irradiation effects of F82H. Now, among the existing database for RAFMs the most extensive one is that for F82H. The objective of this paper is to review the R and D status of F82H and to identify the key technical issues for the fabrication of ITER Test Blanket Module (TBM) suggested from the recent achievements in Japan. It is desirable to make the status of RAFMs equivalent to commercial steels to use RAFMs as the ITER-TBM structural material. This would require demonstrating the reproducibility and weldability as well as providing the database. The excellent reproducibility of F82H has been demonstrated with four 5-ton-heats, and two of them were provided as F82H-IEA heats. It has been also proved that F82H could be provided as plates (thickness of 1.5 to 55 mm), pipes and rectangular tubes. It is also important to have the excellent weldability as the TBM has about 300m length of weld line, and it was proved through TIG, EB and YAG weld test performed in air atmosphere. Various mechanical and microstructural data have been accumulated including long-term tests such as creep rupture tests and aging tests. Although F82H is a well-perceived RAFM as the ITER-TBM structural material, some issues are

  15. Safety and licensing issues that are being addressed by the Power Burst Facility test programs. [PWR; BWR

    McCardell, R.K.; MacDonald, P.E.


    This paper presents an overview of the results of the experimental program being conducted in the Power Burst Facility and the relationship of these results to certain safety and licensing issues. The safety issues that were addressed by the Power-Cooling-Mismatch, Reactivity Initiated Accident, and Loss of Coolant Accident tests, which comprised the original test program in the Power Burst Facility, are discussed. The resolution of these safety issues based on the results of the thirty-six tests performed to date, is presented. The future resolution of safety issues identified in the new Power Burst Facility test program which consists of tests which simulate BWR and PWR operational transients, anticipated transients without scram, and severe fuel damage accidents, is described.

  16. Critical issues in the use of muscle testing for the determination of sincerity of effort.

    Robinson, Michael E; Dannecker, Erin A


    Over the past 20 years, there have been numerous attempts to identify methodologies that are capable of the determination of sincerity of effort during muscle testing. The ensuing paper reviewed this literature and drew several conclusions. Injured patients and healthy volunteers do produce less force and more variable force while performing submaximal contractions than maximal contractions. However, submaximal efforts during strength testing can be reproduced and the use of force variability is not adequate to distinguish sincerity of effort. Visual examination of the shape of force output curves is also not adequate for distinguishing sincerity of effort. Furthermore, much of the research using strength ratios, difference scores, and an assortment of different parameters derived during strength testing has not established reliable and clinically useful methods of differentiating effort levels. Methods examining motion variability, radial/ulnar force output ratios, difference scores of eccentric-concentric ratios, and electromyography offer some promise, but numerous critical issues need to addressed. The use of the coefficient of variation, for example, is statistically untenable given the number of trials appropriate for clinical samples. Several studies have inadequate sample size to number of variable ratios. Many studies have questionable or at least unknown generalizability to patient samples and actual functional capacity. It is critical that other explanatory variables such as fear of injury, pain, medications, work satisfaction, and other motivational factors be considered. It is our opinion that there is not sufficient empirical evidence to support the clinical application of muscle testing to determine sincerity of effort.

  17. Un vocabulari pornogràfic francès-català inèdit

    Joan Puigmalet


    Full Text Available Antoni Bulbena Tosell és autor d’un manuscrit, i inèdit, vocabulari pornogràfic francèscatalà català-francès, la Flora pornogràfica francesa: suplement al argot francès / Flore pornographique catalane: supplément à l’argot catalan. És una obra d’aproximadament l’any 1921 que, per la seva temàtica, ell mateix reservava per a no publicar-se. Bulbena és autor d’una discutida obra lingüística, entre la qual trobem diferents diccionaris, alguns d’ells entre el català i el francès. El darrer que publicà és el Diccionari de les lléngues francesa & catalana / Dictionnaire catalan-français (1921 que inclou dos apèndixs, un «Vocabulari d’argot francès» i un «Vocabulari d’argot catalan». La Flora és, així, un suplement al lèxic pornogràfic d’aquest diccionari. Per altra banda, el títol de Flora pornogràfica sembla fer referència a una obra de la lexicografia francesa que recull mots obscens presents a obres d’Emile Zola i altres escriptors naturalistes, La flore pornographique (1883, d’Ambroise Macrobe. Els mots d’argot sexual de la Flora, amb un especial focus temàtic en la prostitució, tenen interès lingüístic i cultural tant per a la llengua catalana com per a la llengua francesa. Antoni Bulbena Tosell is the author of an unpublished, pornographic vocabulary FrenchCatalan Catalan-French, a manuscript called the Flora pornogràfica francesa: suplement al argot francès / Flore pornographique catalane: supplément à l’argot catalan. It was written around 1921 and reserved for not being published. Bulbena is the author of a controversial linguistic work, among which are various dictionaries, some of them between Catalan and French. The latest is the Diccionari de les lléngues francesa & catalana / Dictionnaire catalan-français (1921, that includes two appendixes, a «Vocabulari d’argot francès» and a «Vocabulari d’argot catalan». The Flora is thus a pornographic supplement to the

  18. Naturalisme, anti-naturalisme : non-dits et raisons du réductionnisme 

    Nathalie Heinich


    Full Text Available On rappellera brièvement ce qu’apporte la prise en compte de la dimension naturelle de l’expérience humaine et la prise en compte de sa dimension non exclusivement naturelle ; on en déduira l’absurdité d’une approche réductionniste, qu’elle soit naturaliste (« tout est nature » ou anti-naturaliste (« tout est culture » ; on montrera les affinités de ces deux réductionnismes avec une forme de pensée extrême et on en explicitera les non-dits ; on montrera que ceux-ci s'appuient sur des raisons axiologiques, qu'il revient au sociologue d'expliciter ; et on conclura sur la nécessité de reconnaître et la scientificité des sciences sociales et leur spécificité, sans pour autant céder à l’antinomie ruineuse du naturalisme et de l’anti-naturalisme.Naturalism and Anti-Naturalism : The Unspoken and the Reasons of ReductionismWe will recall briefly what the consideration of the natural dimension of human experience brings, as well as the taking into account of its not exclusively natural dimension. Will be deduced the absurdity of a reductionist approach, whether naturalist (everything is nature or anti-naturalist (everything is culture. We will show the affinities of both these reductionisms with an extreme form of thought, and we will explain the unspoken. We will show that they are supported by axiological reasons which are for the sociologist to explain. And we will conclude on the necessity to recognize the scientific nature and the specificity of social sciences without giving it up to wasteful antinomy of naturalism and anti-naturalism.Naturalismo y antinaturalismo: silencios y argumentos del reduccionismoRecordamos brevemente lo que aporta el tener en cuenta la dimensión de lo natural y de lo no natural en la experiencia humana y puede deducirse lo absurdo de una aproximación exclusiva reduccionista que sea naturalista (« todo es naturaleza » o antinaturalista (« todo es cultura ». Demostraremos

  19. Diagnostic tests based on human basophils: more potentials and perspectives than pitfalls. II. Technical issues.

    De Week, A L; Sanz, M L; Gamboa, P M; Aberer, W; Bienvenu, J; Blanca, M; Demoly, P; Ebo, D G; Mayorga, L; Monneret, G; Sainte Laudy, J


    Cellular basophil activation tests (BAT) such as histamine or sulfidoleukotriene-release tests for allergy diagnosis have been available for some time, but expression of basophil-activation markers such as CD63 and CD203c detected by flow cytometry has attracted particular attention in recent years. Not only the potential but also the possible pitfalls of flow-cytometric BAT have been stressed recently. Some authors have suggested that the technical problems are still such that BAT should only be performed in specialist laboratories. In an earlier review based on our clinical experience obtained over several years, we showed that, even using different protocols, reproducible and meaningful clinical results can be obtained. In this paper, we review the current knowledge in relation to several technical issues and show that flow-cytometric BAT already represents a major advance in the field of in vitro allergy diagnosis. We conclude that there are no serious technical justifications for depriving allergic patients of clinically indicated BAT tests, which can be performed reliably by any laboratory with the appropriate experience in allergy diagnosis and flow cytometry.

  20. Subjektafgrænsning i det fælleseuropæiske momssystem – En trist rejse fra FCE Bank til Crédit Lyonnais

    Jensen Dennis Ramsdahl


    Full Text Available The issue regarding output taxation, input deduction and determination of the place of taxation in VAT law is inextricably linked with a correct fact determination. This is also the case in relation to a delimitation of the individual tax subject including the question whether related subjects/units should be acknowledged as independent tax subjects, or whether they should qualify as one subject/ one unit in a legal VAT context instead. A coherent analysis of selected ECJ rulings of relevance for the delimitation of each tax subject shows that subject delimitation in national civil law also is the predominant basis in a legal VAT context unless the law contains explicit deviations from this or should be deviated from on the basis of either abuse of law or substance over form considerations. However, in this article it is proved that case C-388/11, Crédit Lyonnais breaks with this basic premise, as the ECJ in this case ignores the subject delimitation in civil law without a convincing argumentation for the fact that the law dictates this and without referring to abuse of law or substance over form.

  1. Energy conservation in buildings. Special issue; Energiebesparing in gebouwen. Thema

    Cuiper, N. (ed.)


    In every issue of this magazine attention is paid to ne specific subject. In this issue the focus is on energy saving in buildings [Dutch] In elke aflevering van dit magazine wordt aandacht besteed aan een bepaald thema. In deze aflevering is het onderwerp energiebesparing in gebouwen.

  2. Implementation of neuromorphic systems: from discrete components to analog VLSI chips (testing and communication issues).

    Dante, V; Del Giudice, P; Mattia, M


    We review a series of implementations of electronic devices aiming at imitating to some extent structure and function of simple neural systems, with particular emphasis on communication issues. We first provide a short overview of general features of such "neuromorphic" devices and the implications of setting up "tests" for them. We then review the developments directly related to our work at the Istituto Superiore di Sanità (ISS): a pilot electronic neural network implementing a simple classifier, autonomously developing internal representations of incoming stimuli; an output network, collecting information from the previous classifier and extracting the relevant part to be forwarded to the observer; an analog, VLSI (very large scale integration) neural chip implementing a recurrent network of spiking neurons and plastic synapses, and the test setup for it; a board designed to interface the standard PCI (peripheral component interconnect) bus of a PC with a special purpose, asynchronous bus for communication among neuromorphic chips; a short and preliminary account of an application-oriented device, taking advantage of the above communication infrastructure.

  3. Validation of the Defining Issues Test in Medical Students at El Rosario University, Colombia

    Isabel Regina Pérez-Olmos


    Full Text Available Learning medicine as a discipline is a complex process that demands more dedication every day. The acquisition of technical knowledge must be part of an integral education which favors the development of high level humanistic values in order to provide the physician with personal tools for the proper resolution of the ethical dilemmas that he/she will face during his/her education and professional practice. The assessment and improvement of these aspects are likewise necessary in the physicians’ education. For the purposes of this research, the reliability of the Opinion Questionnaire on Social Problems (COPS, for its acronym in Spanish was evaluated. This questionnaire is the Mexican version of the Defining Issues Test, and it was adapted by the authors. The test item performance was determined in medical students from El Rosario University at Bogota, Colombia in 2006. The obtained Cranach’s Alpha was 0.76, similar to the registers in scientific literature. COPS is considered to be a reliable instrument for the evaluation of moral judgment in medicine students at this University.

  4. Ethical issues and policy analysis for genetic testing: Huntington's disease as a paradigm for diseases with a late onset.

    Lilani, Anjali


    This paper discusses the main ethical issues that arise when testing for genetic diseases with a late adult onset, such as Huntington's disease, take place. It is imperative to study genetic testing for HD and similar diseases because of the potential to influence future medical advances and the growing number of individuals who are considered pre-symptomatic. The main ethical issues are consent and privacy, prenatal testing and its implications, in addition to insurance discrimination. These issues are viewed from the perspective of genetic counselors, patients, the families of patients, and insurance companies. Policies put forth by the United States National Society of Genetic Counselors ("NSGC"), the Task Force on Genetic Testing, and the President's Council for Bioethics are also analyzed. Finally, new recommendations are proposed in order to ameliorate the ethical dilemmas encountered in genetic testing. These recommendations are largely based on existing policies and therefore involve amending current policies rather than revamping them.

  5. Non-invasive prenatal testing for fetal chromosome abnormalities: review of clinical and ethical issues

    Gekas J


    Full Text Available Jean Gekas,1,2 Sylvie Langlois,3 Vardit Ravitsky,4 François Audibert,5 David Gradus van den Berg,6 Hazar Haidar,4 François Rousseau2,7 1Prenatal Diagnosis Unit, Department of Medical Genetics and Pediatrics, Faculty of Medicine, Université Laval, Québec City, QC, Canada; 2Department of Medical Biology, CHU de Québec, Québec City, QC, Canada; 3Department of Medical Genetics, University of British Columbia, Vancouver, BC, Canada; 4Bioethics Program, Department of Social and Preventive Medicine, School of Public Health, University of Montreal, Montreal, QC, Canada; 5Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Hospital Sainte-Justine, Montreal, QC, Canada; 6Department of Social and Preventive Medicine, Faculty of Medicine, Université Laval, Québec City, QC, Canada; 7Department of Molecular Biology, Medical Biochemistry and Pathology, Faculty of Medicine, Université Laval, Québec City, QC, Canada Abstract: Genomics-based non-invasive prenatal screening using cell-free DNA (cfDNA screening was proposed to reduce the number of invasive procedures in current prenatal diagnosis for fetal aneuploidies. We review here the clinical and ethical issues of cfDNA screening. To date, it is not clear how cfDNA screening is going to impact the performances of clinical prenatal diagnosis and how it could be incorporated in real life. The direct marketing to users may have facilitated the early introduction of cfDNA screening into clinical practice despite limited evidence-based independent research data supporting this rapid shift. There is a need to address the most important ethical, legal, and social issues before its implementation in a mass setting. Its introduction might worsen current tendencies to neglect the reproductive autonomy of pregnant women. Keywords: prenatal diagnosis, Down syndrome, non-invasive prenatal testing, cell-free fetal DNA, informed consent, reproductive autonomy

  6. Design of area and power efficient Radix-4 DIT FFT butterfly unit using floating point fused arithmetic

    Prabhu E; Mangalam H; Karthick S


    In this work, power efficient butterfly unit based FFT architecture is presented. The butterfly unit is designed using floating-point fused arithmetic units. The fused arithmetic units include two-term dot product unit and add-subtract unit. In these arithmetic units, operations are performed over complex data values. A modified fused floating-point two-term dot product and an enhanced model for the Radix-4 FFT butterfly unit are proposed. The modified fused two-term dot product is designed using Radix-16 booth multiplier. Radix-16 booth multiplier will reduce the switching activities compared to Radix-8 booth multiplier in existing system and also will reduce the area required. The proposed architecture is implemented efficiently for Radix-4 decimation in time (DIT) FFT butterfly with the two floating-point fused arithmetic units. The proposed enhanced architecture is synthesized, implemented, placed and routed on a FPGA device using Xilinx ISE tool. It is observed that the Radix-4 DIT fused floating-point FFT butterfly requires 50.17% less space and 12.16% reduced power compared to the existing methods and the proposed enhanced model requires 49.82% less space on the FPGA device compared to the proposed design. Also, reduced power consumption is addressed by utilizing the reusability technique, which results in 11.42% of power reduction of the enhanced model compared to the proposed design.

  7. Die wetenskap 'in u lig' – wat sê dit vir die PUK self?

    J. de Klerk


    Full Text Available Science 'in Thy light' – what does it say to the PUK itself? At the moment of the name change of the Potchefstroom University for Christian Higher Education (PU for CHE it may be opportune to take not only an outward look but also an inward look at the implications of this step, and to ask ourselves what these issues look like to the inside. With reference to the past it is important to ask to what extent the PU for CHE, i.e. its body of staff, wants to live and work according to its motto. This contribution attempts to investigate this matter by subjecting to scrutiny a variety of issues – in particular on the academic terrain.

  8. EFRT M-12 Issue Resolution: Caustic Leach Rate Constants from PEP and Laboratory-Scale Tests

    Mahoney, Lenna A.; Rassat, Scot D.; Eslinger, Paul W.; Aaberg, Rosanne L.; Aker, Pamela M.; Golovich, Elizabeth C.; Hanson, Brady D.; Hausmann, Tom S.; Huckaby, James L.; Kurath, Dean E.; Minette, Michael J.; Sundaram, S. K.; Yokuda, Satoru T.


    Testing Summary Pacific Northwest National Laboratory (PNNL) has been tasked by Bechtel National Inc. (BNI) on the River Protection Project-Hanford Tank Waste Treatment and Immobilization Plant (RPP-WTP) project to perform research and development activities to resolve technical issues identified for the Pretreatment Facility (PTF). The Pretreatment Engineering Platform (PEP) was designed and constructed and is to be operated as part of a plan to respond to issue M12, “Undemonstrated Leaching Processes.” The PEP is a 1/4.5-scale test platform designed to simulate the WTP pretreatment caustic leaching, oxidative leaching, ultrafiltration solids concentration, and slurry washing processes. The PEP replicates the WTP leaching processes using prototypic equipment and control strategies. The PEP also includes non-prototypic ancillary equipment to support the core processing. Two operating scenarios are currently being evaluated for the ultrafiltration process (UFP) and leaching operations. The first scenario has caustic leaching performed in the UFP-2 ultrafiltration feed vessels (i.e., vessel UFP-VSL-T02A in the PEP and vessels UFP-VSL-00002A and B in the WTP PTF). The second scenario has caustic leaching conducted in the UFP-1 ultrafiltration feed preparation vessels (i.e., vessels UFP-VSL-T01A and B in the PEP; vessels UFP-VSL-00001A and B in the WTP PTF). In both scenarios, 19-M sodium hydroxide solution (NaOH, caustic) is added to the waste slurry in the vessels to leach solid aluminum compounds (e.g., gibbsite, boehmite). Caustic addition is followed by a heating step that uses direct injection of steam to accelerate the leaching process. Following the caustic leach, the vessel contents are cooled using vessel cooling jackets and/or external heat exchangers. The main difference between the two scenarios is that for leaching in UFP-1, the 19-M NaOH is added to un-concentrated waste slurry (3 to 8 wt% solids), while for leaching in UFP-2, the slurry is

  9. L’octroi de crédits aux femmes entrepreneuses libanaises par les banquiers : le cas du dispositif Kafalat

    Inaya Wahidi


    Full Text Available L’accès au crédit bancaire sans garantie est quasi impossible au Liban, d’où le dispositif Kafalat qui représente une solution face à cette difficulté. Selon la littérature, l’entrepreneuriat des femmes souffre de discrimination par rapport aux hommes quant à l’octroi de crédits bancaires. Notre objectif est d’essayer de voir dans quelle mesure cette situation existe au Liban. L’étude exploratoire conduite par entretiens semi-directifs auprès des banquiers exclusivement fournit les premiers éléments sur le profil de ces femmes entrepreneuses libanaises et sur la discrimination éventuelle qui pourrait exister du fait de leur sexe pour l’obtention de crédits bancaires. Les résultats semblent montrer que les banquiers ne font pas de distinction entre les entrepreneurs hommes ou femmes, même si les entrepreneuses ont peut-être moins d’informations concernant les garanties offertes par le dispositif Kafalat et sont souvent soutenues par leur mari qui accepte une hypothèque comme garantie du crédit demandé par leur femme ou qui passe par leur femme pour obtenir le crédit nécessaire au développement de leur propre entreprise.

  10. Tracer SWIW tests in propped and un-propped fractures: parameter sensitivity issues, revisited

    Ghergut, Julia; Behrens, Horst; Sauter, Martin


    Single-well injection-withdrawal (SWIW) or 'push-then-pull' tracer methods appear attractive for a number of reasons: less uncertainty on design and dimensioning, and lower tracer quantities required than for inter-well tests; stronger tracer signals, enabling easier and cheaper metering, and shorter metering duration required, reaching higher tracer mass recovery than in inter-well tests; last not least: no need for a second well. However, SWIW tracer signal inversion faces a major issue: the 'push-then-pull' design weakens the correlation between tracer residence times and georeservoir transport parameters, inducing insensitivity or ambiguity of tracer signal inversion w. r. to some of those georeservoir parameters that are supposed to be the target of tracer tests par excellence: pore velocity, transport-effective porosity, fracture or fissure aperture and spacing or density (where applicable), fluid/solid or fluid/fluid phase interface density. Hydraulic methods cannot measure the transport-effective values of such parameters, because pressure signals correlate neither with fluid motion, nor with material fluxes through (fluid-rock, or fluid-fluid) phase interfaces. The notorious ambiguity impeding parameter inversion from SWIW test signals has nourished several 'modeling attitudes': (i) regard dispersion as the key process encompassing whatever superposition of underlying transport phenomena, and seek a statistical description of flow-path collectives enabling to characterize dispersion independently of any other transport parameter, as proposed by Gouze et al. (2008), with Hansen et al. (2016) offering a comprehensive analysis of the various ways dispersion model assumptions interfere with parameter inversion from SWIW tests; (ii) regard diffusion as the key process, and seek for a large-time, asymptotically advection-independent regime in the measured tracer signals (Haggerty et al. 2001), enabling a dispersion-independent characterization of multiple

  11. Classroom Use of Test Accommodations: Issues of Access, Equity, and Conflation

    Schissel, Jamie L.


    Test accommodations are changes to test administration, responses, or the test itself that are offered to emergent bilingual students for standardized tests and also for classroom assessments in some states in the USA. Currently there is a lack of research examining the use of test accommodations as a pedagogical practice. This paper presents a…

  12. The bacterial genotoxicity test:issues to be considered in the performance of the test and their recent advances



    The bacterial genotoxicity test is widely used as an initial screening to determing the genotoxic potential of chemicals for hazard identification.Firstly,I will state about technical issues in the performance of the test,which may largely affect the results of the mutagenicity of test compounds of lead to low concordance with the results between inter-and intra-laboratories.The second issue of my speech will be a brief review on bacterial tester strains that are highly sensitive to the mutagenicity of particular classes of mutagens.These strains are often used to efficiently explore environmental mutagens and to study the mechanisms of mutagenesis.Finally,I will present our recent study on the use of human S9 fractions in the genotoxicity tests to comprehensively evaluate the genotoxic effect to humans.In addition,genetically-engineered tester strains expressing human drug-metabolizing enzymes will be introduced.

  13. Use of the EFPA Test Review Model by the UK and Issues Relating to the Internationalization of Test Standards

    Lindley, Patricia A.; Bartram, Dave


    In this article, we present the background to the development of test reviewing by the British Psychological Society (BPS) in the United Kingdom. We also describe the role played by the BPS in the development of the EFPA test review model and its adaptation for use in test reviewing in the United Kingdom. We conclude with a discussion of lessons…

  14. Accountability Issues in Testing Academic Literacy: The Case of the Test of Academic Literacy for Postgraduate Students (TALPS)

    Rambiritch, Avasha


    Applied linguists should strive to ensure that the tests they design and use are not only fair and socially acceptable, but also have positive effects--this, in light of the fact that tests can sometimes have far-reaching and often detrimental effects on test-takers. What this paper will attempt to do, is highlight how this concern for responsible…

  15. Legal Issues in the Use of Student Test Scores and Value-Added Models (VAM) to Determine Educational Quality

    Pullin, Diana


    A growing number of states and local schools across the country have adopted educator evaluation and accountability programs based on the use of student test scores and value-added models (VAM). A wide array of potential legal issues could arise from the implementation of these programs. This article uses legal analysis and social science evidence…

  16. Legal Issues To Be Considered When Testing Teachers for Initial Licensing.

    Pascoe, Donna; Halpin, Glennelle

    This review covers the test components of validity, reliability, job-relatedness, and test bias in relation to teacher licensing examinations and the legal decisions that have affected policy in this area. The literature provides a history of court decisions and legal rulings that have shaped policy, test design, and test use. The important…

  17. On the Issue of Item Selection in Computerized Adaptive Testing With Response Times

    Veldkamp, Bernard P.


    Many standardized tests are now administered via computer rather than paper-and-pencil format. The computer-based delivery mode brings with it certain advantages. One advantage is the ability to adapt the difficulty level of the test to the ability level of the test taker in what has been termed com

  18. Non-invasive prenatal testing for fetal chromosome abnormalities: review of clinical and ethical issues.

    Gekas, Jean; Langlois, Sylvie; Ravitsky, Vardit; Audibert, François; van den Berg, David Gradus; Haidar, Hazar; Rousseau, François


    Genomics-based non-invasive prenatal screening using cell-free DNA (cfDNA screening) was proposed to reduce the number of invasive procedures in current prenatal diagnosis for fetal aneuploidies. We review here the clinical and ethical issues of cfDNA screening. To date, it is not clear how cfDNA screening is going to impact the performances of clinical prenatal diagnosis and how it could be incorporated in real life. The direct marketing to users may have facilitated the early introduction of cfDNA screening into clinical practice despite limited evidence-based independent research data supporting this rapid shift. There is a need to address the most important ethical, legal, and social issues before its implementation in a mass setting. Its introduction might worsen current tendencies to neglect the reproductive autonomy of pregnant women.

  19. Planning and Logistics Issues raised by the Individual System Tests during the Installation of the LHC

    Weisz, S; Foraz, K; Rodríguez-Mateos, F


    The running of individual system tests has to fit within tight constraints of the LHC installation planning and of CERN's accelerator activity in general. For instance, the short circuit tests of the power converters that are performed in-situ restrict the possibility to work in neighbouring areas; much in the same way, the cold tests of the cryogenic distribution line involve safety access restrictions that are not compatible with the transport and installation of cryo-magnets or interconnect activities in the sector considered. Still, these individual system tests correspond to milestones that are required to insure that we can continue with the installation of machine elements. This paper reviews the conditions required to perform the individual system tests and describe how the general LHC installation planning is organised to allocate periods for these tests.

  20. Des textes dramatiques mis en recueil et des recueils dits “de théâtre”

    Aurélie Mazingue


    Full Text Available L’étude de plusieurs manuscrits médiévaux dits ‘de théâtre’ fait apparaître que la mise en recueil des textes au Moyen Âge est généralement sous-tendue par un projet édifiant. Tandis que l’ordonnancement des Mystères de la procession de Lille, conservés dans le ms. Guelf. 9 Blankenburg, témoigne du projet didactique et édifiant du maître d’œuvre du recueil, l’étude du ms. 57 de la Bibliothèque Municipale de Rodez, qui mêle le Mystère de l’Ascension de la Vierge à des textes non dramatiques, montre que le volume a été conçu comme un livre de méditation. Enfin, l’analyse du ms. Condé 616, qui ne contient que le Mystère de la Conception de Nostre Dame par parsonages, tend à démontrer que le travail de compilation qui est à l’origine de cette pièce peut être envisagé comme une forme particulière de mise en recueil propre à l’écriture dramatique.

  1. The current landscape for direct-to-consumer genetic testing: legal, ethical, and policy issues.

    Hogarth, Stuart; Javitt, Gail; Melzer, David


    This review surveys the developing market for direct-to-consumer (DTC) genetic tests and examines the range of companies and tests available, the regulatory landscape, the concerns raised about DTC testing, and the calls for enhanced oversight. We provide a comparative overview of the situation, particularly in the United States and Europe, by exploring the regulatory frameworks for medical devices and clinical laboratories. We also discuss a variety of other mechanisms such as general controls on advertising and consumer law mechanisms.

  2. Issues in cerebrospinal fluid management. CSF Venereal Disease Research Laboratory testing.

    Albright, R E; Christenson, R H; Emlet, J L; Graham, C B; Estevez, E G; Wilson, M L; Reller, L B; Schneider, K A


    Three policies for decreasing unnecessary cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) management Venereal Disease Research Laboratory (VDRL) tests were compared. The first policy attempted to educate physicians about the use of serologic tests for diagnosing neurosyphilis but allowed the CSF VDRL to be performed either as a screening test or as a retrospective test. The second policy required that the CSF VDRL be performed as a retrospective test without regard to the patient's serologic status. The third policy required that a patient be seropositive by either rapid plasma reagin (RPR) or fluorescent treponemal antibody absorbance (FTA-ABS) before a CSF VDRL could be performed. Before these policies were instituted, VDRL testing was performed on 18.2% of all CSF samples. The optional and required retrospective policies decreased the CSF VDRL rate to 13.0% and 8.5%, respectively, but the percentages of seropositive patients for whom these procedures were performed were only 7.3% and 12.9%. The third policy decreased the CSF VDRL test rate to 1.8% (P less than 0.001) with seropositivity improving to 90%. To assure serologic tests are obtained in the evaluation of neurosyphilis, requirement for seropositivity must be implemented with the use of retrospective CSF VDRL testing.

  3. Microfondements du canal étroit du crédit bancaire : le motif de précaution. Modèle de comportement d’une banque confrontée à un risque de liquidité et à une offre de financement externe imparfaitement élastique

    Ramos-Tallada, Julio


    Les enjeux macroéconomiques de la transmission des chocs monétaires via le canal étroit du crédit son nombreux. Ce sujet est amplement abordé dans la littérature d’un point de vue agrégé et empirique. Cependant, les prédictions testées reposent sur des spécifications théoriques généralement incomplètes du comportement d’offre de crédit des banques. Notre papier vise à combler partiellement ce manque de microfondements. Nous reprenons comme point de départ les arguments justifiant habituelleme...

  4. From Fulcher to PLEVALEX: Issues in Interface Design, Validity and Reliability in Internet Based Language Testing

    Garcia Laborda, Jesus


    Interface design and ergonomics, while already studied in much of educational theory, have not until recently been considered in language testing (Fulcher, 2003). In this paper, we revise the design principles of PLEVALEX, a fully operational prototype Internet based language testing platform. Our focus here is to show PLEVALEX's interfaces and…

  5. Fairness Issues in a Standardized English Test for Nonnative Speakers of English

    Puspawati, Indah


    For nonnative English speakers, taking a standardized English proficiency test seems inevitable, because the scores achieved play an important role in such life events as admission to a school, gaining a scholarship, or securing a job. Considering their importance, it is imperative that such tests be not only valid and reliable, but also fair.…

  6. Genetic testing of children for predisposition to mood disorders: anticipating the clinical issues.

    Erickson, Jessica A; Kuzmich, Lili; Ormond, Kelly E; Gordon, Erynn; Christman, Michael F; Cho, Mildred K; Levinson, Douglas F


    Large-scale sequencing information may provide a basis for genetic tests for predisposition to common disorders. In this study, participants in the Coriell Personalized Medicine Collaborative (N = 53) with a personal and/or family history of Major Depressive Disorder or Bipolar Disorder were interviewed based on the Health Belief Model around hypothetical intention to test one's children for probability of developing a mood disorder. Most participants (87 %) were interested in a hypothetical test for children that had high ("90 %") positive predictive value, while 51 % of participants remained interested in a modestly predictive test ("20 %"). Interest was driven by beliefs about effects of test results on parenting behaviors and on discrimination. Most participants favored testing before adolescence (64 %), and were reluctant to share results with asymptomatic children before adulthood. Participants anticipated both positive and negative effects of testing on parental treatment and on children's self-esteem. Further investigation will determine whether these findings will generalize to other complex disorders for which early intervention is possible but not clearly demonstrated to improve outcomes. More information is also needed about the effects of childhood genetic testing and sharing of results on parent-child relationships, and about the role of the child in the decision-making process.

  7. Genetic Testing and Its Implications: Human Genetics Researchers Grapple with Ethical Issues.

    Rabino, Isaac


    Contributes systematic data on the attitudes of scientific experts who engage in human genetics research about the pros, cons, and ethical implications of genetic testing. Finds that they are highly supportive of voluntary testing and the right to know one's genetic heritage. Calls for greater genetic literacy. (Contains 87 references.) (Author/NB)

  8. EFRT M-12 Issue Resolution: Caustic-Leach Rate Constants from PEP and Laboratory-Scale Tests

    Mahoney, Lenna A.; Rassat, Scot D.; Eslinger, Paul W.; Aaberg, Rosanne L.; Aker, Pamela M.; Golovich, Elizabeth C.; Hanson, Brady D.; Hausmann, Tom S.; Huckaby, James L.; Kurath, Dean E.; Minette, Michael J.; Sundaram, S. K.; Yokuda, Satoru T.


    Pacific Northwest National Laboratory (PNNL) has been tasked by Bechtel National Inc. (BNI) on the River Protection Project-Hanford Tank Waste Treatment and Immobilization Plant (RPP-WTP) project to perform research and development activities to resolve technical issues identified for the Pretreatment Facility (PTF). The Pretreatment Engineering Platform (PEP) was designed, constructed and operated as part of a plan to respond to issue M12, “Undemonstrated Leaching Processes” of the External Flowsheet Review Team (EFRT) issue response plan.( ) The PEP is a 1/4.5-scale test platform designed to simulate the WTP pretreatment caustic leaching, oxidative leaching, ultrafiltration solids concentration, and slurry washing processes. The PEP replicates the WTP leaching processes using prototypic equipment and control strategies. The PEP also includes non-prototypic ancillary equipment to support the core processing. The work described in this report addresses caustic leaching under WTP conditions, based on tests performed with a Hanford waste simulant. Because gibbsite leaching kinetics are rapid (gibbsite is expected to be dissolved by the time the final leach temperature is reached), boehmite leach kinetics are the main focus of the caustic-leach tests. The tests were completed at the laboratory-scale and in the PEP, which is a 1/4.5-scale mock-up of key PTF process equipment. Two laboratory-scale caustic-leach tests were performed for each of the PEP runs. For each PEP run, unleached slurry was taken from the PEP caustic-leach vessel for one batch and used as feed for both of the corresponding laboratory-scale tests.

  9. Coaching af dit studieliv

    Hansen, Rasmus Thorning


    En generel beskrivelse af de problemer specialestuderende sidder med og hvorledes coaching kan hjælpe med at (gen)skabe motivation og fokus......En generel beskrivelse af de problemer specialestuderende sidder med og hvorledes coaching kan hjælpe med at (gen)skabe motivation og fokus...

  10. Dit cyklende selv

    Larsen, Steen Nepper


    Skriver d.21.5. på opfordring af red. Esben Schiørring en kronik til Berlingske Tidende. Bliver bragt i fb.m. dækningen af årets Tour de France......Skriver d.21.5. på opfordring af red. Esben Schiørring en kronik til Berlingske Tidende. Bliver bragt i fb.m. dækningen af årets Tour de France...

  11. Executive functioning in three groups of pupils in D-KEFS: Selected issues in adapting the test battery for Slovakia

    Ferjenčík Ján


    Full Text Available The paper reports on the adaptation of a D-KEFS test battery for Slovakia. Drawing on concrete examples, it describes and illustrates the key issues relating to the transfer of test items from one socio-cultural environment to another. The standardisation sample of the population of Slovak pupils in the fourth year of primary school included 250 children with an average age of 9.7 years. The two comparative samples of the same age range were analysed at the same time. They included pupils from classes for gifted children (n = 55 and Roma children from socially disadvantaging environments (n = 50.


    Dr.S.S.Riaz Ahamed


    Full Text Available Testing asynchronous transfer mode (ATM communications and network equipment is the function of performing the testing phases required for complete evaluation of ATM products. The test phases measure andanalyze all aspects of ATM—from the characteristics of lower-layer cell transmission through to the complex ATM services used to transmit multimedia over ATM networks. ATM technology has become inextricably linked to promises of a global communications infrastructure. The expectation is that seamless integration ofvoice data and video across high-speed ATM links will provide universal access to multimedia services. ATM equipment developers, service providers, and end users are all faced with these same challenges when testing ATM products.

  13. A Pragmatic Approach to Testing Issues in a Mobile Platform that Does Not Yet Exist

    Fleury, Alexandre; Pedersen, Jakob Schou; Larsen, Lars Bo


    This paper reports on user studies conducted in a project dealing with a converged mobile rich media platform. We address the questions of the selection of test methods and their application through an iterative process. We argue that a varying degree of simulation of test variables...... such as the environment, the service or the mobile device behavior optimizes the evaluation in terms of cost-efficiency and results quality, while providing flexibility and ease of use to the researchers conducting the evaluations....

  14. Methodological issues in product evaluation: the influence of testing environment and task scenario.

    Sauer, Juergen; Sonderegger, Andreas


    This article examines the utility of two commonly used approaches in the evaluation of interactive consumer products: lab-based testing and single task scenarios. These are compared to two more complex and resource-demanding approaches (field-based testing and dual task scenarios) with regard to the test results they produce. An experiment with N = 80 users was carried out, employing a 2 (laboratory vs. field) by 2 (single task vs. dual task scenario) by 2 (on-product information: present vs. absent) between-subjects design. On-product information (advising users to save water and electricity during kettle usage) represented the intervention, of which the effects on user behaviour were compared under the different experimental conditions. The main finding was that the impact of on-product information on user behaviour was strongest in the lab-based testing environment using a single task scenario (i.e., most economical testing condition), compared to the three other experimental conditions. The work found similar effects for self-report measures. The findings of the study point to the risk that the effects of system redesign on user behaviour may be overestimated if low-fidelity testing approaches are employed. The relevance of these findings for other application areas is also discussed (e.g., design of warnings).

  15. Energy conservation in the industry. Special issue; Energiebesparing in de industrie, Thema

    Cuiper, N. (ed.)


    In every issue of this magazine attention is paid to ne specific subject. In this issue the focus is on energy saving in the industry [Dutch] In elke aflevering van dit magazine wordt aandacht besteed aan een bepaald thema. In deze aflevering is het onderwerp energiebesparing in de industrie.

  16. Ethical issues in presymptomatic genetic testing for minors: a dilemma in Li-Fraumeni syndrome.

    Fresneau, Brice; Brugières, Laurence; Caron, Olivier; Moutel, Grégoire


    In 2001, a French expert panel recommended that presymptomatic tests should not be carried out on minors in families affected by Li-Fraumeni syndrome (LFS), flying in the face of possible parental demands for such testing. We decided to investigate the legitimacy of such a recommendation. We conducted a national multicenter survey using self-administered questionnaires mailed to French oncogeneticists in 33 regional centers in France. We aimed to (1) determine the extent to which these doctors were confronted with parental requests for TP53 testing, (2) study how they responded to these requests and the arguments used and (3) assess the attitude of oncogeneticists concerning the normative framework regulating the prescription of tests for minors. Twenty oncogeneticists stated that they had managed at least one LFS family. Eleven of these doctors had been confronted with parental requests for testing and three had prescribed such tests on at least one occasion. The oncogeneticists gave balanced medical, psychological and ethical arguments, highlighting the dilemma they face in the decision-making process. This dilemma is due to the lack of a consensus concerning this recommendation, which aims to protect the minor by limiting presymptomatic tests to cases in which a clear medical benefit can be demonstrated but which prevents the unique situation of particular families from being taken into account. In conclusion, the recommendation has a normative status but first, from a clinical stance, it is difficult to dissociate it from the evaluation of individual family situations, and second, the benefit of a specific medical follow-up for TP53 mutation carriers is currently being investigated.

  17. Genetic research and testing in sport and exercise science: a review of the issues.

    Wackerhage, Henning; Miah, Andy; Harris, Roger C; Montgomery, Hugh E; Williams, Alun G


    This review is based on the BASES position stand on "Genetic Research and Testing in Sport and Exercise Science". Our aims are first to introduce the reader to research in sport and exercise genetics and then to highlight ethical problems arising from such research and its applications. Sport and exercise genetics research in the form of transgenic animal and human association studies has contributed significantly to our understanding of exercise physiology and there is potential for major new discoveries. Researchers starting out in this field will have to ensure an appropriate study design to avoid, for example, statistically underpowered studies. Ethical concerns arise more from the applications of genetic research than from the research itself, which is assessed by ethical committees. Possible applications of genetic research are genetic performance tests or genetic tests to screen, for example, for increased risk of sudden death during sport. The concerns are that genetic performance testing could be performed on embryos and could be used to select embryos for transplantation or abortion. Screening for risk of sudden death may reduce deaths during sporting events but those that receive a positive diagnosis may suffer severe psychological consequences. Equally, it will be almost impossible to keep a positive diagnosis confidential if the individual tested is an elite athlete.

  18. Assessment of artificial radionuclides issued from French nuclear bomb testing at Mururoa (French Polynesia)

    Martin, J.-M.; Thomas, A.J. (Ecole Normale Superieure, Montrouge (France). Inst. de Biogeochimie Marine); Charrier, B.; Cousteau, J.-Y.; Sarano, F. (Fondation Cousteau, Paris (France))


    The Mururoa lagoon was sampled immediately after a nuclear test. {sup 131}I was found in sediments and plankton. Official French sources explain its occurrence by an accidental release during a control operation. Long-lived nuclides ({sup 137}Cs, Pu isotopes, etc) are ascribed to past local atmospheric tests. Their total flux to the Pacific Ocean is markedly low as compared to discharges by major reprocessing plants. Radionuclides short-term impact on Pacific ecosystems and man is insignificant. Long-term processes could not be assessed. (author).

  19. Analytical and assay issues for use of cardiac troponin testing for risk stratification in primary care.

    Wu, Alan H B; Christenson, Robert H


    of cardiovascular disease risk. Additional analytical and clinical validations are needed to fully elucidate cardiac troponin metabolism and resolve ongoing clinical and laboratory issues. While these issues are directed to the use of troponin in primary care, most of these concepts are relevant to the use of troponin in acute coronary syndromes as well.

  20. HPV testing for primary cervical screening: Laboratory issues and evolving requirements for robust quality assurance.

    Carozzi, Francesca Maria; Del Mistro, Annarosa; Cuschieri, Kate; Frayle, Helena; Sani, Cristina; Burroni, Elena


    This review aims to highlight the importance of Quality Assurance for Laboratories performing HPV test for Cervical Cancer Screening. An HPV test, to be used as primary screening test, must be validated according to international criteria, based on comparison of its clinical accuracy to HC2 or GP5+/6+ PCR-EIA tests. The number of validated platforms is increasing and appropriate Quality Assurance Programs (QAPs) which can interrogate longitudinal robustness and quality are paramount. This document describes the following topics: (1) the characteristics of an HPV laboratory and the personnel training needs, to ensure an elevated quality of the entire process and the optimal use of the resources; (2) the Quality Assurance, as both internal (IQA) and external quality assessment (EQA) systems, to be implemented and performed, and the description of the existing EQAs, including limitations; (3) general considerations for an optimal EQA program for hrHPV primary screening Due to the importance of Quality Assurance for this field, international efforts are necessary to improve QA International Collaboration.

  1. Troubleshooting Assessment and Enhancement (TAE) Program: Theoretical, Methodological, Test and Evaluation Issues


    Related to Troubleshooting Proficiency. Henneman and Rouse (1984) also specify prescriptive measures which appear related to problem solving skill and...studies: ACT evaluative reasoning, reading, problem solving skill in social sciences. (4) Natural sciences: ACT natural science test. (5) Composite of

  2. Ethical Issues in Sociometric Testing: Impact of Sociometric Measures on Interaction Behavior.

    Hayvren, Maureen; Hymel, Shelley


    Examines the immediate and long term effects of sociometric testing on preschool children's peer interactions. Positive and negative nomination as well as rating-scale sociometric measures were administered individually to children from two preschool classrooms, and behavioral observations of peer interactions were conducted before, after, and…

  3. Ethical and legal issues on HIV testing, policy and the practice of dentistry.

    Naidoo, Sudeshni; Vernillo, Anthony


    This paper is structured around the following: autonomy and consent, confidentiality, disclosure, knowledge of patient and provider HIV status, the right to choose whom to treat, testing for HIV and the importance of HIV policies in the workplace to guard against discrimination. The emergence of the HIV/AIDS pandemic has challenged traditional ethical values of the health care profession. These include the infectious nature of HIV, the social stigma of the disease and its ethical and legal dilemmas. This paper addresses some of the pertinent questions related to HIV infection and AIDS. The three broad principles of ethics, namely, autonomy, beneficence and justice, provide the basic framework on which this paper is based. Advances in the biotechnology of rapid oral fluid testing particularly in the detection of HIV antibodies from patients in the dental setting have raised additional ethical and legal considerations in the subsequent management of HIV infected patients to include disclosure of test results to the patient and proper referral to physicians or nurse practitioners. The oral health care worker must thus have a solid foundation in the application of bioethical principles. A clinical case scenario related to HIV testing in the dental setting is presented to illustrate how a lack of understanding and the wrongful application of ethical principles may lead to patient harm and legal liability. Given the increasing infection rate of HIV worldwide, polices must be upheld and revised as needed to protect healthcare providers, patients, and society generally against discrimination.

  4. No Work Like Rework: Issues in the Design of a Math Test Sign-Up Application

    Alkadi, Ghassan; Beaubouef, Theresa


    This paper introduces a test sign-up application developed for a math department at a university. The requirements, design, and final software product are presented, along with one very important unexpected problem that arose after completion of the work--the system to be implemented and maintained by the client was not compatible with the…

  5. [Magnesium deficiency and stress: Issues of their relationship, diagnostic tests, and approaches to therapy].

    Tarasov, E A; Blinov, D V; Zimovina, U V; Sandakova, E A


    Magnesium plays an important role in the functions of the central nervous system. It takes part in the regulation of the cell membrane, the transmembrane transport of calcium and sodium ions, and metabolic reactions that produce, accumulate, transfer, and utilize energy, free radicals, and their oxidation products. The magnesium-containing substances include many sequestered antigens, such as glial fibrillary acidic protein, S100, and neuron-specific enolase; magnesium may act as a neuroprotector that is able to modulate the regulation of blood-brain barrier permeability. Investigations have demonstrated a relationship between the manifestations of stress reactions (anxiety, autonomic dysfunction, and maladjustment) and magnesium deficiency (MD). Thus, mental and physical stresses cause an increase in magnesium elimination from the body. MD in turn enhances a response to stress, by paradoxically aggravating its sequels. Compensation for MD increases the ability of the nervous system to resist stress. The valid diagnosis of MD present difficulties; namely, a blood magnesium concentration decrease below 0.8 mmol/l is evidence of MD; but the constant blood level of magnesium may be long maintained due to its release from the bone tissue depot. So it is necessary to keep in mind the clinical manifestations of MD. The authors have developed and tested a simple rapid MD assessment test and a stress resistance self-rating test. The proposed tests will help to screen stress resistance and MD in outpatient settings.

  6. Some Methodological Issues with "Draw a Scientist Tests" among Young Children

    Losh, Susan C.; Wilke, Ryan; Pop, Margareta


    Children's stereotypes about scientists have been postulated to affect student science identity and interest in science. Findings from prior studies using "Draw a Scientist Test" methods suggest that students see scientists as largely white, often unattractive, men; one consequence may be that girls and minority students feel a science career is…


    As a subgroup of the OECD Expert Group on Assessment of Endocrine Disrupting Effects in Birds, we reviewed unresolved methodological issures important for the development of a two-generation toxicity test, discussed advantages and disadvantages of alternative approaches, and prop...

  8. Physically-based landslide susceptibility modelling: geotechnical testing and model evaluation issues

    Marchesini, Ivan; Mergili, Martin; Schneider-Muntau, Barbara; Alvioli, Massimiliano; Rossi, Mauro; Guzzetti, Fausto


    We used the software r.slope.stability for physically-based landslide susceptibility modelling in the 90 km² Collazzone area, Central Italy, exploiting a comprehensive set of lithological, geotechnical, and landslide inventory data. The model results were evaluated against the inventory. r.slope.stability is a GIS-supported tool for modelling shallow and deep-seated slope stability and slope failure probability at comparatively broad scales. Developed as a raster module of the GRASS GIS software, r.slope.stability evaluates the slope stability for a large number of randomly selected ellipsoidal potential sliding surfaces. The bottom of the soil (for shallow slope stability) or the bedding planes of lithological layers (for deep-seated slope stability) are taken as potential sliding surfaces by truncating the ellipsoids, allowing for the analysis of relatively complex geological structures. To take account for the uncertain geotechnical and geometric parameters, r.slope.stability computes the slope failure probability by testing multiple parameter combinations sampled deterministically or stochastically, and evaluating the ratio between the number of parameter combinations yielding a factor of safety below 1 and the total number of tested combinations. Any single raster cell may be intersected by multiple sliding surfaces, each associated with a slope failure probability. The most critical sliding surface is relevant for each pixel. Intensive use of r.slope.stability in the Collazzone Area has opened up two questions elaborated in the present work: (i) To what extent does a larger number of geotechnical tests help to better constrain the geotechnical characteristics of the study area and, consequently, to improve the model results? The ranges of values of cohesion and angle of internal friction obtained through 13 direct shear tests corresponds remarkably well to the range of values suggested by a geotechnical textbook. We elaborate how far an increased number of

  9. [Current situation and ethical-social issues of pediatric genetic testing].

    Yamamoto, Toshiyuki


    Many pediatric neurological disorders are caused by genetic factors. Therefore, genetic testing is often required for final diagnosis, prognosis prediction, and genetic counseling. Prior to performing genetic research, pediatric neurologists must obtain the approval of the Institutional Review Board. Moreover, according to the "Ethical Guidelines for Human Genome/Gene Analysis Research," anonymity of patient samples must be maintained. Although the guideline for genetic research are not generally applied for genetic testing in routine bedside medical care, the guideline adopted by the Japan Medical Association must be followed, because genetic information from a personal genome is patient-specific. Pediatric neurologists must also be aware of the policies adopted to obtain informed consent from children and patients who are incapable of making their own decisions. They should develop a strategy for collaboration with clinical geneticists and for making a prenatal diagnosis.

  10. Risque de Défaut et Risque de Liquidité : Une Etude de Deux Composantes du Spread de Crédit

    Hayette Gatfaoui


    La marge de taux obligataire ou encore le spread de crédit est réputé(e) pour son rôle de mesure du risque de crédit. Dans ce contexte, l’attention est portée à deux de ses principales composantes : le risque de défaut et le risque de liquidité. L’évolution du risque de défaut dépend alors de l’articulation entre ces deux quantités que l’on ne sait pas encore distinguer l’une de l’autre. Dans un contexte de crise financière, le risque de défaut l’emporte sur le risque de liquidité, ce qui se ...

  11. Issues in testing the new national seismic hazard model for Italy

    Stein, S.; Peresan, A.; Kossobokov, V. G.; Brooks, E. M.; Spencer, B. D.


    It is important to bear in mind that we know little about how earthquake hazard maps actually describe the shaking that will actually occur in the future, and have no agreed way of assessing how well a map performed in the past, and, thus, whether one map performs better than another. Moreover, we should not forget that different maps can be useful for different end users, who may have different cost-and-benefit strategies. Thus, regardless of the specific tests we chose to use, the adopted testing approach should have several key features: We should assess map performance using all the available instrumental, paleo seismology, and historical intensity data. Instrumental data alone span a period much too short to capture the largest earthquakes - and thus strongest shaking - expected from most faults. We should investigate what causes systematic misfit, if any, between the longest record we have - historical intensity data available for the Italian territory from 217 B.C. to 2002 A.D. - and a given hazard map. We should compare how seismic hazard maps developed over time. How do the most recent maps for Italy compare to earlier ones? It is important to understand local divergences that show how the models are developing to the most recent one. The temporal succession of maps is important: we have to learn from previous errors. We should use the many different tests that have been proposed. All are worth trying, because different metrics of performance show different aspects of how a hazard map performs and can be used. We should compare other maps to the ones we are testing. Maps can be made using a wide variety of assumptions, which will lead to different predicted shaking. It is possible that maps derived by other approaches may perform better. Although Italian current codes are based on probabilistic maps, it is important from both a scientific and societal perspective to look at all options including deterministic scenario based ones. Comparing what works

  12. Neovascularization of coronary tunica intima (DIT is the cause of coronary atherosclerosis. Lipoproteins invade coronary intima via neovascularization from adventitial vasa vasorum, but not from the arterial lumen: a hypothesis

    Subbotin Vladimir M


    Full Text Available Abstract Background An accepted hypothesis states that coronary atherosclerosis (CA is initiated by endothelial dysfunction due to inflammation and high levels of LDL-C, followed by deposition of lipids and macrophages from the luminal blood into the arterial intima, resulting in plaque formation. The success of statins in preventing CA promised much for extended protection and effective therapeutics. However, stalled progress in pharmaceutical treatment gives a good reason to review logical properties of the hypothesis underlining our efforts, and to reconsider whether our perception of CA is consistent with facts about the normal and diseased coronary artery. Analysis To begin with, it must be noted that the normal coronary intima is not a single-layer endothelium covering a thin acellular compartment, as claimed in most publications, but always appears as a multi-layer cellular compartment, or diffuse intimal thickening (DIT, in which cells are arranged in many layers. If low density lipoprotein cholesterol (LDL-C invades the DIT from the coronary lumen, the initial depositions ought to be most proximal to blood, i.e. in the inner DIT. The facts show that the opposite is true, and lipids are initially deposited in the outer DIT. This contradiction is resolved by observing that the normal DIT is always avascular, receiving nutrients by diffusion from the lumen, whereas in CA the outer DIT is always neovascularized from adventitial vasa vasorum. The proteoglycan biglycan, confined to the outer DIT in both normal and diseased coronary arteries, has high binding capacity for LDL-C. However, the normal DIT is avascular and biglycan-LDL-C interactions are prevented by diffusion distance and LDL-C size (20 nm, whereas in CA, biglycan in the outer DIT can extract lipoproteins by direct contact with the blood. These facts lead to the single simplest explanation of all observations: (1 lipid deposition is initially localized in the outer DIT; (2 CA

  13. Development of core technology for KNGR system design; detailed analysis and related issue evaluation for MMI testing data

    Lee, Dhong Ha [Suwon University, Whasung (Korea)


    This study evaluated man-machine interface (MMI) features of the advanced control room of Korea Next Generation Reactor. Major issues to be evaluated included: (1) supportability of large display panel (LDP) during passive monitoring (2) supportability of work station display (WSD) for interpretation and planning (3) supportability of combination of alarm, WSD, LDP and computerized procedure system (CPS) for interpretation and planning during single and multiple fault event, (4) supportability of softcontrol (SC) during simple operator-paced control task, (5) supportability of softcontrol (SC) during conditional operator-paced control task, and (6) supportability of alarm system for emergent operation procedure. Four operator teams of RO, TO, and SRO participated the test scenarios consisting of AOP and EOP. Performance data measuring situation awareness, workload, operation errors, and team work and operators' opinions for MMI features of advanced control room were collected during the experiment. Operators showed positive responses for issues (1) supportability of LDP during passive monitoring (2) supportability of WSD for interpretation and planning (3) supportability of combination of alarm, WSD, LDP and CPS for interpretation and planning during single and multiple fault event, (4) supportability of alarm system for normal operation procedure, while they suggested some needs to improve for issues: (1) supportability of softcontrol (SC) during simple and conditional operator-paced control task, (2) supportability of alarm system for emergent situation. 7 refs., 36 figs., 83 tabs. (Author)

  14. Use of Silicon Carbide as Beam Intercepting Device Material: Tests, Issues and Numerical Simulations

    Delonca, M; Gil Costa, M; Vacca, A


    Silicon Carbide (SiC) stands as one of the most promising ceramic material with respect to its thermal shock resistance and mechanical strengths. It has hence been considered as candidate material for the development of higher performance beam intercepting devices at CERN. Its brazing with a metal counterpart has been tested and characterized by means of microstructural and ultrasound techniques. Despite the positive results, its use has to be evaluated with care, due to the strong evidence in literature of large and permanent volumetric expansion, called swelling, under the effect of neutron and ion irradiation. This may cause premature and sudden failure, and can be mitigated to some extent by operating at high temperature. For this reason limited information is available for irradiation below 100°C, which is the typical temperature of interest for beam intercepting devices like dumps or collimators. This paper describes the brazing campaign carried out at CERN, the results, and the theoretical and numeric...

  15. Structural Evaluation of the BTV (Big Test Vehicle) (N76941, Issue 1)

    Stirbis, P. P. [Sandia National Lab. (SNL-NM), Albuquerque, NM (United States); Flury, R. L. [Sandia National Lab. (SNL-NM), Albuquerque, NM (United States)


    The BTV is a test vehicle 308.6 inches long by 71.5 inches in diameter. The device compartment is 242.875 inches long by 70.5 inches in diameter. Total weight of the vehicle plus device can vary from 20,000 to 45,000 pounds (see Figure 1). The scope of the structural analysis of the BTV has been as broad as necessary to assure adequacy of the design. In general, all major items and important points in the structure were investigated. All analyses have been made assuming static conditions. Any dynamic and vibratory effects were neglected. Loads and load paths were determined by assuming a rigid body, and it was also assumed that the loads do not change due to changes in body geometry. No unnecessarily simplifying assumptions were made in the analyses. No electrical component mountings or attachments were analyzed.

  16. Open issues in testing liquidity in frontier financial markets: The case of Serbia

    Minović Jelena Z.


    Full Text Available This paper examines the impact of illiquidity and liquidity risk on expected asset returns in the Serbian stock market. For this market we estimate the conditional Liquidity-adjusted Capital Asset Pricing Model (LCAPM of Acharya and Pedersen (2005. We use daily data for the period from 2005-2009. While the method developed is applicable in other markets this is the first paper that tests the LCAPM model in the case of Serbia. Liquidity risks are allowed to be timevarying. We find that for the Serbian market as a frontier market illiquidity and liquidity risk significantly impact price formation. For such a market the LCAPM may indeed be a good tool for realistic assessment of the expected asset returns.

  17. Wakefield issue and its impact on X-ray photon pulse in the SXFEL test facility

    Song, Minghao; Feng, Chao; Deng, Haixiao; Liu, Bo; Wang, Dong


    Besides the designed beam acceleration, the energy of electrons changed by the longitudinal wakefields in a real free-electron laser (FEL) facility, which may degrade FEL performances from the theoretical expectation. In this paper, with the help of simulation codes, the wakefields induced beam energy loss in the sophisticated undulator section is calculated for Shanghai soft X-ray FEL, which is a two-stage seeded FEL test facility. While the 1st stage 44 nm FEL output is almost not affected by the wakefields, it is found that a beam energy loss about 0.8 MeV degrades the peak brightness of the 2nd stage 8.8 nm FEL by a factor of 1.6, which however can be compensated by a magnetic field fine tuning of each undulator segment.

  18. The Insulation for Machines Having a High Lifespan Expectancy, Design, Tests and Acceptance Criteria Issues

    Olivier Barré


    provide insurance about lifespan, nor do any insulation tests incorporate all of the operating conditions: thermal, mechanical, moisture and chemical. Even if one manufacturer uses the standards compliance to demonstrate the quality of its realization; in the end, the successful use in operation remains an objective test. Thereafter, both customer and manufacturers will use the standards while knowing that such documents cannot fully satisfy their wishes. In one 20-year historical review, the authors will highlight the duration in insulation improvements and small breakthroughs in standards writing. High lifespan machines are not the main interest of standards. A large part of this publication is dedicated to the improvements of the insulation wall to achieve the lifespan. Even if the choice of raw materials is fundamental, the understanding of ageing phenomena also leads to improvements.

  19. Wakefield issue and its impact on X-ray photon pulse in the SXFEL test facility

    Song, Minghao; Li, Kai; Feng, Chao; Deng, Haixiao; Liu, Bo; Wang, Dong


    Besides the designed beam acceleration, the energy of electrons is changed by the longitudinal wakefields in a real free-electron laser (FEL) facility, which may degrade FEL performances from the theoretical expectation. In this paper, with the help of simulation codes, the wakefields induced beam energy loss in the sophisticated undulator section is calculated for Shanghai soft X-ray FEL, which is a two-stage seeded FEL test facility. While the 1st stage 44 nm FEL output is almost not affected by the wakefields, it is found that a beam energy loss about 0.8 MeV degrades the peak brightness of the 2nd stage 8.8 nm FEL by a factor of 1.6, which however can be compensated by a magnetic field fine tuning of each undulator segment. And the longitudinal coherence of the 8.8 nm FEL output illustrates a slight degradation, because of the beam energy curvatures induced by the wakefields.

  20. Politics, moral reasoning and the Defining Issues Test: a reply to Barnett et al. (1995).

    Emler, N; Palmer-Canton, E; St James, A


    Previous research has consistently shown that those on the political Right tend to prefer or use conventional or Stage 4 moral reasoning, while those on the political Left prefer principled or Stage 5 reasoning (cf. Kohlberg, 1976). One interpretation of this finding is that developmental level of moral reasoning influences a person's political views, another that the moral 'stages' associated with contrasting political positions are in fact contrasting politico-moral ideologies and that people choose the form of moral reasoning which best expresses their own political identity. We report four studies to test aspects of these alternatives. Participants (N = 50) in Study 1 rated moral arguments representing different stages as differentially relevant to people of varying political persuasions. In Study 2, participants (N = 106), assigned to play the role of constituency political parties (either Labour or Conservative) selecting candidates to represent their party, evaluated imaginary candidates differentially as a function of the kinds of moral arguments the candidates expressed. In Study 3 (N = 61), principled and particularly conventional moral arguments were again found to express contrasting political identities. In Study 4 (N = 51) a manipulation of the salience of participants' political identity produced as predicted high correlations between moral reasoning scores and measures of political attitudes when political identity was salient but not when personal identity was salient. The findings overall, however, only partially support the view that political identity influences moral reasoning. We conclude that, although degree of preference for conventional or Stage 4 reasoning is a function of political identity, principled reasoning may be unrelated to political orientation. We also propose that these two forms of reasoning do not reflect successive development stages and that preference for one may be independent of preference for the other.

  1. Thermal and structural design issues of breeding blankets for testing in the Next European Torus (NET)

    Casini, G.


    A review of the breeding blankets under study in Europe for testing in the Next European Torus is presented. In many concepts, the breeder modules are enclosed in boxes whose side walls in front of the plasma act as the first wall of the machine. Various types of breeder modules are investigated, involving both liquid and solid breeders, namely: - Pb-17Li liquid breeder concepts, the coolant being either water or Pb-17Li itself; - solid (ceramic) breeder concepts, the coolant being in all cases helium. The various ceramic concepts differ in the breeder/coolant arrangement (breeder-out-of-tube and breeder-in-tube), the orientation of the coolant tubes (poloidal or toroidal) and the breeder geometry (rods, plates or pebble bed). For each of these concepts the main design features are shown and the thermomechanical problems are discussed. The problems related to a coolant tube rupture are in many cases the most severe from the structural design point of view. The first wall box enclosing the breeder modules appears to be a weak secondary containment barrier. The liquid breeder-water cooled concept looks manageable from the thermal and structural design of point view. In the case of the self-cooled liquid breeder concept, the main problems are related to the magnetohydrodynamic effects. Solutions are envisaged to overcome these difficulties. In the case of ceramic breeders, the use of plates implies small dimensions in order to limit the thermal stresses and a poor exploitation of the permitted temperature operation window. Solutions involving rods associated with a multipass cooling scheme or pebble bed enable achievement of better thermomechanical conditions and, therefore, are preferred in the current investigations. However, they lead to design complications and require experimental verification which is in progress at the European laboratories.

  2. Issues with galactomannan testing.

    Verweij, P.E.; Mennink-Kersten, M.A.S.H.


    Within the past decade detection of the aspergillus antigen galactomannan has become an important and reliable tool for the early diagnosis of invasive aspergillosis. The galactomannan molecule, that is detected by the commercial sandwich ELISA (Platelia Aspergillus, Biorad), was found not to be a s

  3. Gestion et évaluation des risques de crédit :essai d’exploration de la méthode scoring Cas du secteur des travaux publics en Algérie

    Moulay-khatir, rachid


    Le premier chapitre est consacré aux fondements théoriques de la théorie de l’intermédiation financière et bancaire, le deuxième chapitre présente les définitions et les types du crédit bancaire L e risque et la gestion du risque de crédit et l’audit du portefeuille crédit dans le troisième chapitre, Les normes internationales de la gestion du risque font l’objet du quatrième chapitre , le cinquième chapitre présente l’évaluation du risque de crédit dans nos banques à travers la méthod...

  4. La gestion du risque crédit par la méthode du scoring: cas de la Banque Populaire de Rabat-Kénitra

    Elhamma, Azzouz


    National audience; La crise financière qui secoue le monde actuellement, notamment les défaillances successives des grandes banques internationales (Lehman Brothers aux Etats-Unis par exemple) ont remis sur le devant de la scène la problématique des risques bancaires dont le risque crédit. Ce risque doit être géré actuellement par des méthodes plus sophistiquées. Parmi ces méthodes, nous citons la méthode du scoring qui reste malheureusement inconnue dans notre pays. Cet article met évidence,...

  5. Proyectar con 5 D.I.T.S: análisis del proyecto de arquitectura y del proyecto de diseño.

    Recasens Alsina, Marta


    The thesis developed here is entitled ¿Proyectar con 5 D.I.T.S¿ (Designing with 5 D.I.T.S.), and more specifically; ¿Análisis del proyecto de Arquitectura y el proyecto de diseño¿ (analysis of the architecture and design projects). This title corresponds to a simile of the five digits of the hand, which is succinctly an essential metaphor when one is designing: using the five senses. Thus the objective of this thesis is to encourage the exercise of designing with full creative freedom becau...

  6. Reliability of building simulation software. New test of the International Energy Agency (IEA); Betrouwbaarheid gebouwsimulatieprogramma's. Nieuwe IEA-testen

    Wijsman, A.J.Th.M.; Plokker, W. [Vabi Software, Delft (Netherlands)


    Testing of software continues to be an important stage in the development of building simulation software. A widely used tool for this purpose is the Building Energy Simulation Test issued in 1995 by the International Energy Agency (IEA). The Dutch EDR (Energy Diagnosis Reference) uses this test as a basis. In the period 2004 to 2009, the tests have been developed further in a new lEA activity (IEA Solar Heating and Cooling Programme - Task 34 / ECBS Annex 43). In this article attention is paid to the tests and experiences of the building simulation software VA114 with those tests. [Dutch] Testen van software is een belangrijke fase in de ontwikkeling van gebouwsimulatie programma's. Een veelgebruikt instrument voor dit doel is de Building Energy Simulation Test, in 1995 uitgegeven door het Internationaal Energie Agentschap (IEA). De Nederlandse EDR (Energie Diagnose Referentie) maakt gebruik van deze test. In de periode 2004 tot en met 2009 zijn de proeven nader uitgewerkt in een nieuwe IEA-activiteit (IEA Solar Heating and Cooling Programma Task 34 / ECBS Annex 43). In dit artikel wordt aandacht besteed aan de tests en ervaringen met het gebouwsimulatie programma VA114 met die tests.

  7. DTT: a divertor tokamak test facility for the study of the power exhaust issues in view of DEMO

    Albanese, R.; WPDTT2 Team; DTT Project Proposal Contributors, the


    In parallel with the programme to optimize the operation with a conventional divertor based on detached conditions to be tested on the ITER device, a project has been launched to investigate alternative power exhaust solutions for DEMO, aimed at the definition and the design of a divertor tokamak test facility (DTT). The DTT project proposal refers to a set of parameters selected so as to have edge conditions as close as possible to DEMO, while remaining compatible with DEMO bulk plasma performance in terms of dimensionless parameters and given constraints. The paper illustrates the DTT project proposal, referring to a 6 MA plasma with a major radius of 2.15 m, an aspect ratio of about 3, an elongation of 1.6-1.8, and a toroidal field of 6 T. This selection will guarantee sufficient flexibility to test a wide set of divertor concepts and techniques to cope with large heat loads, including conventional tungsten divertors; liquid metal divertors; both conventional and advanced magnetic configurations (including single null, snow flake, quasi snow flake, X divertor, double null); internal coils for strike point sweeping and control of the width of the scrape-off layer in the divertor region; and radiation control. The Poloidal Field system is planned to provide a total flux swing of more than 35 Vs, compatible with a pulse length of more than 100 s. This is compatible with the mission of studying the power exhaust problem and is obtained using superconducting coils. Particular attention is dedicated to diagnostics and control issues, especially those relevant for plasma control in the divertor region, designed to be as compatible as possible with a DEMO-like environment. The construction is expected to last about seven years, and the selection of an Italian site would be compatible with a budget of 500 M€.

  8. Les transports guidés sur pneus dits 'systèmes intermédiaires' dans le contexte de l'innovation en transport collectif urbain

    C. Soulas


    Les systèmes dit 'intermédiaires' apparus dans les années 1990 constituent une nouvelle famille de transports guidés sur pneus de surface, qui regroupe trois filières plus ou moins proches du bus/trolleybus ou du tramway classiques. Chacune de ces filières est actuellement représentée en France par un système industriel : TRANSLOHR, CIVIS ET TVR. Il apparait au préalable intéressant de faire quelques parallèles entre ces nouveaux systèmes et une autre catégorie apparue une vingtaine d'années ...

  9. Le kinoskaz ou « dit » cinématographique : quelques principes théoriques pour un genre nouveau

    Géry, Catherine de


    L’hypothèse d'un « skaz cinématographique » se fonde sur l’étude des stratégies de transposition des procédés du skaz (conte oral ou « dit ») dans le cinéma soviétique muet des années 1920. L’objectif est de montrer, dans le prolongement des travaux des formalistes russes sur la différenciation des langages littéraire et cinématographique, comment un « tout gestuel » vient se substituer à un « tout oral » à l'intérieur d'un autre système de perception, ou comment le langage cinétique du burle...


    Julien, Anne


    National audience; Les banques mutualistes à force de vouloir grandir ont souvent perdu de vue les valeurs qui ont prévalues à leur fondation. Le Crédit Agricole, et tout particulièrement sa caisse Nord Est, a développé un réseau social, qui loin d'être virtuel, crée une solidarité concrète entre de nombreuses parties prenantes. L'auteur analyse dans le détail les performances économiques et sociales de ce réseau en utilisant la logique de " service dominant ", et pose la question de l'évolut...

  11. Multiple testing issues in discriminating compound-related peaks and chromatograms from high frequency noise, spikes and solvent-based nois in LC-MS data sets

    Nyangoma, S.O.; Van Kampen, A.A.; Reijmers, T.H.; Govorukhina, N.I; van der Zee, A.G.; Billingham, I.J; Bischoff, Rainer; Jansen, R.C.


    Multiple testing issues in discriminating compound-related peaks and chromatograms from high frequency noise, spikes and solvent-based noise in LC-MS data sets.Nyangoma SO, van Kampen AA, Reijmers TH, Govorukhina NI, van der Zee AG, Billingham LJ, Bischoff R, Jansen RC. University of Birmingham. Liq

  12. How Not to Evaluate a Psychological Measure: Rebuttal to Criticism of the Defining Issues Test of Moral Judgment Development by Curzer and Colleagues

    Thoma, Stephen J.; Bebeau, Muriel J.; Narvaez, Darcia


    In a 2014 paper in "Theory and Research in Education," Howard Curzer and colleagues critique the Defining Issues Test of moral judgment development according to eight criteria that are described as difficulties any measure of educational outcomes must address. This article highlights how Curzer et al. do not consult existing empirical…


    Sosin, Mateusz


    The implementation study of the CLIC (Compact LInear Collider) is under way at CERN with a focus on the challenging issues. The pre-alignment precision and accuracy requirements are part of these technical challenges: the permissible transverse position errors of the linac components are typically 14 micrometers over sliding windows of 200m. To validate the proposed methods and strategies, the Large Scale Metrology section at CERN has performed campaigns of measurements on the CLIC Two Beam Test Modules, focusing inter alia on the alignment performance of the CLIC “snake”- girders configuration and the Main Beam Quadrupoles supporting structures. This paper describes the activities and results of tests which were performed on the test mock-up for the qualification of the CLIC supporting system chain for active pre-alignment. The lessons learnt (“know how”), the issues encountered in the girder position determination as well as the behaviour of the mechanical components are presented.

  14. Security Issues on Testing of Public Cloud Applications%公有云应用中测试的安全问题

    Udhyan Timilsina; Leah Riungu- Kalliosaari; Ossi Taipale; Kari Smolander; 王伟军


    The objective of this study is to evaluate security issues of cloud testing. Organizations are increasingly mov ing to the cloud and sharing their information, but there are concerns about security issues and risks that may arise due to security breaches. This paper extends the concept of security approach during testing. It makes use of a literature review to evaluate the risk of eight security issues when testing in public clouds. The security issues including trust, governance, compliance, identity and access management, availability, data security, instance isolation and its failures, and architecture in testing on a public cloud. The paper also includes an empirical survey to evaluate the current security strategies of different public cloud providers on the eight security issues.%本研究旨在探讨云测试的安全问题。虽然越来越多的企业开始向云环境迈进并共享信息,但他们同样十分关注云环境的安全问题和可能存在的风险。综述测试过程中安全保障方法的现有概念,在此基础上重点归纳和分析公共云测试中的信任、治理、承诺、认证与访问管理、可用性、数据安全、隔离及失败、架构这8类安全问题的风险程度,并对典型的公共云服务提供商在这8类安全问题上所采取的安全策略进行实证分析。

  15. Le management de projet au Crédit Agricole Centre Loire : de l’apprentissage à l’institutionnalisation.

    Gisèle Bru


    Dans un contexte de banalisation de la démarche projet dans le secteur industriel, il est intéressant de s’interroger sur l’introduction du management de projet dans une banque. D’une part, l’étude empirique longitudinale menée à partir d’entretiens rétrospectifs a permis de dégager les étapes de l’apprentissage. D’autre part, la théorie de la création de connaissances de Nonaka et Takeuchi, testée sur un projet particulier, fournit une explication de la pérennité de l’accompagnement des proj...

  16. Offering Parents Individualized Feedback on the Results of Psychological Testing Conducted for Research Purposes with Children: Ethical Issues and Recommendations

    Lefaivre, Marie-josee; Chambers, Christine T.; Fernandez, Conrad V.


    Research protocols involving children often include psychological testing as part of an assessment battery. Inclusion of such testing raises the question of whether parents (or others) should be offered the individualized results of their children's psychological testing conducted for research purposes. The purpose of this article is to provide a…

  17. [AVIATION MEDICINE: THEORETICAL CONCEPTS AND FOCAL FUNDAMENTAL AND PRACTICAL ISSUES (for the 80th anniversary of the Research Test Center of Aerospace Medicine and Military Ergonomics)].

    Zhdanko, I M; Pisarev, A A; Vorona, A A; Lapa, V V; Khomenko, M N


    The article discloses postulates of theoretical concepts that make the methodological basis for addressing the real-world aviation medicine challenges of humanizing aviator's environment, labor content and means, and health and performance maintenance. Under consideration are focal fundamental and practical issues arising with the technological progress in aviation and dealt with at the AF CRI Research Test Center of Aerospace Medicine and Military Ergonomics.

  18. Assessment of Creative Thinking across Cultures Using the Torrance Tests of Creative Thinking (TTCT): Translation and Validity Issues

    Yarbrough, Nükhet D.


    As part of a project to translate and administer the Torrance Tests of Creative Thinking (TTCT) to Turkish elementary and secondary students, 35 professionals were trained in a full-day workshop to learn to score the verbal TTCT. All trainees scored the same 4 sets of TTCT verbal criterion tests for fluency, flexibility, and originality by filling…

  19. The issue of stress state during mechanical tests to assess cladding performance during a reactivity-initiated accident (RIA)

    Desquines, J.; Koss, D. A.; Motta, A. T.; Cazalis, B.; Petit, M.


    The mechanical test procedures that address fuel cladding failure during a RIA are reviewed with an emphasis on the development of test procedures that determine the deformation and fracture behavior of cladding under conditions similar to those reached in a RIA. An analysis of cladding strain data from experimental research reactor test programs that have simulated the RIA is presented. These data show that the cladding undergoes deformation characterized by hoop extension subject to a range of multiaxial stress states and strain paths comprised between plane-strain (no axial extension of the cladding tube) and equal-biaxial tension (equal strain in both the hoop and the axial orientations). Current mechanical test procedures of cladding material are then reviewed with a focus on their ability to generate the appropriate deformation response and to induce the prototypical multiaxial stress states and failure modes activated during a RIA. Two main groups of tests currently exist. In the first group, the deformation behavior of the cladding is examined by several variations of hoop tensile tests in which an axial contraction of the specimen gage section occurs such that a near-uniaxial tension stress state results; finite element analyses are then usually employed to deduce the deformation response, often under conditions of an assumed coefficient of friction between the specimen and test fixtures. The second group includes test procedures which attempt to reproduce the deformation and failure conditions close to those seen during a RIA such that any stress-state corrections of the failure conditions are comparatively small. The advantages and disadvantages of all of these deformation/fracture tests are discussed with special reference to testing high burnup fuel cladding.

  20. L’emploi des auxiliaires en français : description et contextualisation dans les grammaires éditées en Espagne, de 1970 à nos jours

    Virginia Iglesias Pruvost


    Full Text Available L’une des principales erreurs commises systématiquement par les hispanophones est le mauvais choix de l’auxiliaire dans la conjugaison du passé composé et autres temps composés : il s’agit souvent de l’emploi à outrance de l’auxiliaire avoir, notamment dans le cas des verbes pronominaux. Notre analyse se centre sur un corpus représentatif de grammaires du français éditées en Espagne, depuis 1970. Si la théorie linguistique est forcément la même, la manière dont les différents auteurs l’abordent est, quant à elle, bien différente: il s’agit là de comparer les explications proposées, afin de voir si celles-ci correspondent réellement aux besoins spécifiques des apprenants hispanophones.

  1. Analysis of potential self-guarantee tests for demonstrating financial assurance by non-profit colleges, universities, and hospitals and by business firms that do not issue bonds

    Bailey, P.; Dean, C.; Collier, J.; Dasappa, V.; Goldberg, W. [ICF, Inc., Fairfax, VA (United States)


    The Nuclear Regulatory Commission (NRC) on December 29, 1993, promulgated self-guarantee requirements that materials licensees may use to demonstrate financial assurance for decommissioning costs. However, nonprofit colleges and universities, nonprofit hospitals, and for-profit firms that do not issue bonds are currently precluded, by their unique accounting and financial reporting systems, or by other features of their business practices, from using the financial tests for self-guarantors adopted by the NRC. This Report evaluates several alternative financial tests that might serve as the basis for self-guarantee by these three categories of licensees.

  2. Methodological and Theoretical Issues in the Adaptation of Sign Language Tests: An Example from the Adaptation of a Test to German Sign Language

    Haug, Tobias


    Despite the current need for reliable and valid test instruments in different countries in order to monitor the sign language acquisition of deaf children, very few tests are commercially available that offer strong evidence for their psychometric properties. This mirrors the current state of affairs for many sign languages, where very little…

  3. Performances on Rey Auditory Verbal Learning Test and Rey Complex Figure Test in a healthy, elderly Danish sample--reference data and validity issues

    Vogel, Asmus; Stokholm, Jette; Jørgensen, Kasper


    This study presents Danish data for Rey Auditory Verbal Learning Test (RAVLT) and Rey Complex Figure Test (RCFT) from 100 subjects aged 60-87 years. Education and estimated verbal intelligence (DART score) had a significant impact on the RAVLT trial 1-5 score but not on other RAVLT measures. The ...

  4. Lad mig kildre dit subjektiveringspunkt!

    Krejsler, John B.


    forhold til at ”kildre” og tæmme dette begær. Ligeledes er der fokus på, hvordan cyber-teknologi i den livslange lærendes indre univers kan føre såvel uanede muligheder som ganske risikable fælder med sig. Suges man for langt ind i sit cyber-univers, risikerer den aktive socialitet at forsvinde samtidig...

  5. Genetic Test Results and Disclosure to Family Members: Qualitative Interviews of Healthcare Professionals' Perceptions of Ethical and Professional Issues in France.

    D' Audiffret Van Haecke, Diane; de Montgolfier, Sandrine


    The benefit of disclosing test results to next of kin is to improve prognosis and-in some cases-even prevent death though earlier monitoring or preventive therapies. Research on this subject has explored the question of intra-familial communication from the standpoint of patients and relatives but rarely, from the standpoint of healthcare professionals. The purpose of this study was to interview relevant healthcare professionals in France, where legislation framing the issue was recently passed. A qualitative study consisting of semi-structured interviews was set up to get a clearer picture of the challenges arising from this issue, its consequences in terms of medical care-service practices, and the positions that frontline professionals have taken in response to this new legal framework. The findings from eight interviews with 7 clinical geneticists and 1 genetic counselor highlight very different patterns of practices among care services and among the genetic diseases involved. It is equally crucial to investigate other issues such as the nature of genetic testing and its consequences in terms of disclosing results to kin, the question of the role of genetic counseling in the disclosure process, the question of prescription by non-geneticist clinicians, and practical questions linked to information content, consent and medical follow-up for patients and their relatives.

  6. Specification for the Performance, Design, Development and Test Requirements for a Severe Environment Cartridge Recorder. Issue 4.


    Interference Characteristics, Measurement of MIL-STD-810C Environmental Test Methods 2.5 Other American Ornanisations IRIG 118-73 Test Methods for Telemetry...Section 3-32(g) of IRIG 118-73. The measured output shall be less than 3.0% RMS at all controlled speeds. 5.2.4 Control The motor speed switch shall...Delay The technique of 5.2.2 shall be used to monitor motor speed while the output from the frequency discriminator of Section 3-32(g) of IRIG 118-73

  7. Genetic testing and genomic analysis: a debate on ethical, social and legal issues in the Arab world with a focus on Qatar.

    El Shanti, Hatem; Chouchane, Lotfi; Badii, Ramin; Gallouzi, Imed Eddine; Gasparini, Paolo


    In 2013 both Saudi Arabia and Qatar launched genome projects with the aim of providing information for better diagnosis, treatment and prevention of diseases and, ultimately to realize personalized medicine by sequencing hundred thousands samples. These population based genome activities raise a series of relevant ethical, legal and social issues general, related to the specific population structure as well as to the Islamic perspective on genomic analysis and genetic testing. To contribute to the debate, the Authors after reviewing the existing literature and taking advantage of their professional experience in the field and in the geographic area, discuss and provide their opinions. In particular, the Authors focus on the impact of consanguinity on population structure and disease frequency in the Arab world, on genetic testing and genomic analysis (i.e. technical aspects, impact, etc.) and on their regulations. A comparison between the Islamic perspective and the ethical, social and legal issues raised in other population contexts is also carried. In conclusion, this opinion article with an up-to-date contribution to the discussion on the relevance and impact of genomic analysis and genetic testing in the Arab world, might help in producing specific national guidelines on genetic testing and genomic analysis and help accelerate the implementation and roll out of genome projects in Muslim countries and more specifically in Qatar, and other countries of the Gulf.

  8. It’s not what it looks to be! : Déconnexion entre forme et sens dans les énoncés avec verbe de perception à emploi dit “copule”



    Full Text Available Cet article a pour objet l’analyse de la déconnexion entre forme et sens dans les énoncés où figurent les verbes de perception à emploi dit copule (look, sound, smell, taste et feel. L’origine de ces verbes est sujette à débat et il est avancé ici une hypothèse sur l’origine nominale de ces verbes, ainsi que sur leur comportement syntaxique et sémantique unique. Il apparaît que, dans ce type d’énoncés, le sujet grammatical n’est pas le sujet logique du verbe, qui a un emploi modalisant en ce qu’il exprime un jugement sur les apparences perceptuelles. Ce conflit apparent entre syntaxe et sémantique transparaît également au niveau de certains types d’attributs du sujet (les syntagmes nominaux, les syntagmes prépositionnels introduits par OF et les propositions en AS IF / AS THOUGH. L’étude montre que tous les attributs renvoient nécessairement à des propriétés gradables, ce qui n’est pas le cas avec le verbe copule be. Ainsi, ces énoncés copulatifs, où le verbe de perception a un emploi modalisant, présentent tous, à plusieurs titres et de diverses manières, un phénomène de compression syntaxique et sémantique motive par l’application d’un principe d’économie langagière.This paper aims at analysing the disconnection between form and meaning in sentences involving copular perception verbs (look, sound, smell, taste and feel. The origin of these verbs is a controversial issue, and in this article, it is argued that they have a nominal origin and that they have identical syntactic and semantic features. It appears that, in these copulative sentences, the grammatical subject does not coincide with the underlying subject of the verb, which has a modalising use as it expresses a judgment concerning sensory appearances. This surface conflict between syntax and semantics also shows in certain types of subject complements – nominal phrases, OF-prepositional phrases and AS IF/AS THOUGH-clauses. This

  9. Differences in Moral Judgment on Animal and Human Ethics Issues between University Students in Animal-Related, Human Medical and Arts Programs.

    Verrinder, Joy M; Ostini, Remo; Phillips, Clive J C


    Moral judgment in relation to animal ethics issues has rarely been investigated. Among the research that has been conducted, studies of veterinary students have shown greater use of reasoning based on universal principles for animal than human ethics issues. This study aimed to identify if this was unique to students of veterinary and other animal-related professions. The moral reasoning of first year students of veterinary medicine, veterinary technology, and production animal science was compared with that of students in non-animal related disciplines of human medicine and arts. All students (n = 531) completed a moral reasoning test, the VetDIT, with animal and human scenarios. When compared with reasoning on human ethics issues, the combined group of students evaluating animal ethics issues showed higher levels of Universal Principles reasoning, lower levels of Personal Interest reasoning and similar levels of Maintaining Norms reasoning. Arts students showed more personal interest reasoning than students in most animal-related programs on both animal and human ethics issues, and less norms-based reasoning on animal ethics issues. Medical students showed more norms-based reasoning on animal ethics issues than all of the animal-related groups. There were no differences in principled reasoning on animal ethics issues between program groups. This has implications for animal-related professions and education programs showing that students' preference for principled reasoning on animal ethics issues is not unique to animal-related disciplines, and highlighting the need to develop student (and professional) capacity to apply principled reasoning to address ethics issues in animal industries to reduce the risk of moral distress.

  10. The differing perspectives of workers and occupational medicine physicians on the ethical, legal and social issues of genetic testing in the workplace.

    Brandt-Rauf, Sherry I; Brandt-Rauf, Elka; Gershon, Robyn; Brandt-Rauf, Paul W


    Genetic testing in the workplace holds the promise of improving worker health but also raises ethical, legal, and social issues. In considering such testing, it is critical to understand the perspectives of workers, who are most directly affected by it, and occupational health professionals, who are often directly involved in its implementation. Therefore, a series of focus groups of unionized workers (n=25) and occupational medicine physicians (n=23) was conducted. The results demonstrated strikingly different perspectives of workers and physicians in several key areas, including the goals and appropriateness of genetic testing, and methods to minimize its risks. In general, workers were guided by a profound mistrust of the employer, physician, and government, while physicians were guided primarily by scientific and medical concerns, and, in many cases, by the business concerns distrusted by the workers.

  11. Thermally Activated Deformation Behavior of ufg-Au: Environmental Issues During Long-Term and High-Temperature Nanoindentation Testing

    Maier, Verena; Leitner, Alexander; Pippan, Reinhard; Kiener, Daniel


    For testing time-dependent material properties by nanoindentation, in particular for long-term creep or relaxation experiments, thermal drift influences on the displacement signal are of prime concern. To address this at room and elevated temperatures, we tested fused quartz at various contact depths at room temperature and ultra-fine grained (ufg) Au at various temperatures. We found that the raw data for fused quartz are strongly affected by thermal drift, but corrected by use of dynamic stiffness measurements all the datasets collapse. The situation for the ufg Au shows again that the data are only useful with drift correction, but with this applied it turns out that there is a significant change of elastic and plastic properties when exceeding 200°C, which is also reflected by an increasing strain rate sensitivity.

  12. On some Issues in the Accelerated CAT-ASVAB (Computerized Adaptive Testing-Armed Services Vocational Aptitude Battery) Project


    Committee," by Bruce Bloxom, 23 May 1986 [7] Stocking, Martha. "A Progress Report on a LOGIST -based On-line Calibration Method," presentation at ONR...34Recommended Time Limits for ASVAB 8a Power Tests," by Martin F. Wiskoff, 14 Dec 1979 -15- [13] Sympson, James Bradford and Better, Rebecca Danon ...based. Two assumptions which are known to be wrong are the three-parameter logistic form of IRCs, and unidimensionality of the item pool of a given

  13. Population-specific incidence of testicular ovarian follicles in Xenopus laevis from South Africa: A potential issue in endocrine testing

    Du Preez, Louis H., E-mail: [School of Environmental Sciences and Development, North-West University, Potchefstroom 2531 (South Africa); Kunene, Nisile [School of Environmental Sciences and Development, North-West University, Potchefstroom 2531 (South Africa); Hanner, Robert [Department of Integrative Biology, University of Guelph, Guelph, ON, N1G 2W1 (Canada); Giesy, John P. [Department of Veterinary Biomedical Sciences, University of Saskatchewan, Saskatoon, Saskatchewan (Canada); Department of Biology and Chemistry, City University of Hong Kong, Tat Chee Avenue, Kowloon, Hong Kong (Hong Kong); National Food Safety and Toxicology Center, Zoology Department, and Centre for Integrative Toxicology, Michigan State University, East Lansing, MI 48824 (United States); Solomon, Keith R., E-mail: [Centre for Toxicology and Department of Environmental Biology, University of Guelph, Guelph, ON, N1G 2W1 (Canada); Hosmer, Alan [Syngenta Crop Protection, Greensboro, NC 27419-8300 (United States); Van Der Kraak, Glen J. [Department of Integrative Biology, University of Guelph, Guelph, ON, N1G 2W1 (Canada)


    The African clawed frog (Xenopus laevis) has been identified as an appropriate sentinel for testing endocrine activity of existing chemicals in North America and Europe. Some reports suggest that the herbicide, atrazine (CAS Number [1912-24-9]) causes ovarian follicles to form in the testes of this frog. X. laevis collected from North East (NE) sites in South Africa had testicular ovarian follicles, irrespective of exposure to atrazine, while frogs from Southwest Western (SW) Cape region sites had none. Phylogenetic analysis of mitochondrial and nuclear genes indicates that frogs from the SW Cape are evolutionarily divergent from those from NE South Africa and the rest of sub-Saharan Africa. These findings provide a possible explanation for why conflicting results have been reported concerning the impact of atrazine on amphibian sexual differentiation and highlight the importance of understanding taxonomic status of the experimental animal. Even in common laboratory animals, there is a need for their correct taxonomic characterization before their use in tests for endocrine disruption.

  14. A Rigorous Test of the Fit of the Circumplex Model to Big Five Personality Data: Theoretical and Methodological Issues and Two Large Sample Empirical Tests.

    DeGeest, David Scott; Schmidt, Frank


    Our objective was to apply the rigorous test developed by Browne (1992) to determine whether the circumplex model fits Big Five personality data. This test has yet to be applied to personality data. Another objective was to determine whether blended items explained correlations among the Big Five traits. We used two working adult samples, the Eugene-Springfield Community Sample and the Professional Worker Career Experience Survey. Fit to the circumplex was tested via Browne's (1992) procedure. Circumplexes were graphed to identify items with loadings on multiple traits (blended items), and to determine whether removing these items changed five-factor model (FFM) trait intercorrelations. In both samples, the circumplex structure fit the FFM traits well. Each sample had items with dual-factor loadings (8 items in the first sample, 21 in the second). Removing blended items had little effect on construct-level intercorrelations among FFM traits. We conclude that rigorous tests show that the fit of personality data to the circumplex model is good. This finding means the circumplex model is competitive with the factor model in understanding the organization of personality traits. The circumplex structure also provides a theoretically and empirically sound rationale for evaluating intercorrelations among FFM traits. Even after eliminating blended items, FFM personality traits remained correlated.

  15. Impact of human genome initiative-derived technology on genetic testing, screening and counseling: Cultural, ethical and legal issues

    Trottier, R.W.; Hodgin, F.C.; Imara, M.; Phoenix, D.; Lybrook, S. (Morehouse Coll., Atlanta, GA (United States). School of Medicine); Crandall, L.A.; Moseley, R.E.; Armotrading, D. (Florida Univ., Gainesville, FL (United States). Coll. of Medicine)


    Genetic medical services provided by the Georgia Division of Public Health in two northern and two central districts are compared to services provided in a district in which a tertiary care facility is located. Genetics outreach public health nurses play key roles in Georgia's system of Children's Health Services Genetics Program, including significant roles as counselors and information sources on special needs social services and support organizations. Unique features of individual health districts, (e.g., the changing face of some rural communities in ethnocultural diversity and socioeconomic character), present new challenges to current and future genetics services delivery. Preparedness as to educational needs of both health professionals and the lay population is of foremost concern in light of the ever expanding knowledge and technology in medical genetics. Perspectives on genetics and an overview of services offered by a local private sector counselor are included for comparison to state supported services. The nature of the interactions which transpire between private and public genetic services resources in Georgia will be described. A special focus of this research includes issues associated with sickle cell disease newborn screening service delivery process in Georgia, with particular attention paid to patient follow-up and transition to primary care. Of particular interest to this focus is the problem of loss to follow-up in the current system. Critical factors in education and counseling of sickle cell patients and the expectations of expanding roles of primary care physicians are discussed. The Florida approach to the delivery of genetic services contrasts to the Georgia model by placing more emphasis on a consultant-specialist team approach.

  16. Statistical Issues for Uncontrolled Reentry Hazards - Empirical Tests of the Predicted Footprint for Uncontrolled Satellite Reentry Hazards

    Matney, M.


    A number of statistical tools have been developed over the years for assessing the risk of reentering objects to human populations. These tools make use of the characteristics (e.g., mass, material, shape, size) of debris that are predicted by aerothermal models to survive reentry. The statistical tools use this information to compute the probability that one or more of the surviving debris might hit a person on the ground and cause one or more casualties. The statistical portion of the analysis relies on a number of assumptions about how the debris footprint and the human population are distributed in latitude and longitude, and how to use that information to arrive at realistic risk numbers. Because this information is used in making policy and engineering decisions, it is important that these assumptions be tested using empirical data. This study uses the latest database of known uncontrolled reentry locations measured by the United States Department of Defense. The predicted ground footprint distributions of these objects are based on the theory that their orbits behave basically like simple Kepler orbits. However, there are a number of factors in the final stages of reentry - including the effects of gravitational harmonics, the effects of the Earth's equatorial bulge on the atmosphere, and the rotation of the Earth and atmosphere - that could cause them to diverge from simple Kepler orbit behavior and possibly change the probability of reentering over a given location. In this paper, the measured latitude and longitude distributions of these objects are directly compared with the predicted distributions, providing a fundamental empirical test of the model assumptions.

  17. L’évolution des relations entre les banques et les entreprises publiques économiques en matière de crédit bancaire interne en droit et en pratique en Algérie

    Hammadi, Nadia


    L’étude de l’évolutions des relations entre les banques et les entreprises publiques économiques en matière de crédit bancaire relève du droit bancaire . le droit bancaire est l’ensemble des règles qui régissent les personnes accomplissant une activité bancaire à titre professionnel en l’occurrence les banques et les établissements financières .

  18. 'Who is the ideal candidate?': decisions and issues relating to visual neuroprosthesis development, patient testing and neuroplasticity

    Merabet, Lotfi B.; Rizzo, Joseph F., III; Pascual-Leone, Alvaro; Fernandez, Eduardo


    Appropriate delivery of electrical stimulation to intact visual structures can evoke patterned sensations of light in individuals who have been blind for many years. This pivotal finding has lent credibility to the concept of restoring functional vision by artificial means. As numerous groups worldwide pursue human clinical testing with visual prosthetic devices, it is becoming increasingly clear that there remains a considerable gap between the challenges of prosthetic device development and the rehabilitative strategies needed to implement this new technology in patients. An important area of future work will be the development of appropriate pre- and post-implantation measures of performance and establishing candidate selection criteria in order to quantify technical advances, guide future device design and optimize therapeutic success. We propose that the selection of an 'ideal' candidate should also be considered within the context of the variable neuroplastic changes that follow vision loss. Specifically, an understanding of the adaptive and compensatory changes that occur within the brain could assist in guiding the development of post-implantation rehabilitative strategies and optimize behavioral outcomes.

  19. Multicultural training on American Indian issues: testing the effectiveness of an intervention to change attitudes toward Native-themed mascots.

    Steinfeldt, Jesse A; Wong, Y Joel


    This study investigated attitudes toward Native-themed mascots in the context of color-blind racial attitudes. Results indicate that higher color-blind racial attitudes are related to lower awareness of the offensiveness of Native-themed mascots. The researchers tested the effectiveness of a training intervention designed to produce attitudinal change among master's level counseling students. Results demonstrate that the training intervention produced significantly greater attitudinal change than did a general training session on culturally sensitive counseling practices with American Indian clients, particularly among students with high color-blind racial attitudes. Results also indicate that this training intervention on Native-themed mascots contributed to lower color-blind racial attitudes, thus increasing the students' awareness of societal racism. Psychological training programs may benefit from augmenting their multicultural counseling curriculum by specifically addressing the offensive nature of Native-themed mascots. An awareness of the marginalization of American Indians, particularly as it involves racialized mascots, can reduce color-blind racial attitudes, and may provide psychologists with a more comprehensive understanding of aspects of the reality of American Indian clients that contribute to their worldview.

  20. Issues and Feasibility Demonstration of Positioning Closed Loop Control for the CLIC Supporting System Using a Test Mock-up with Five Degrees of Freedom

    Sosin, M; Chritin, N; Griffet, S; Kemppinen, J; Mainaud Durand, H; Rude, V; Sterbini, G


    Since several years, CERN is studying the feasibility of building a high energy e+ e- linear collider: the CLIC (Compact LInear Collider). One of the challenges of such a collider is the pre-alignment precision and accuracy requirement on the transverse positions of the linac components, which is typically 14 μm over a window of 200 m. To ensure the possibility of positioning within such tight constraints, CERN Beams Department’s Survey team has worked intensively at developing the methods and technology needed to achieve that objective. This paper describes activities which were performed on a test bench (mock-up) with five degrees of freedom (DOF) for the qualification of control algorithms for the CLIC supporting system active-pre-alignment. Present understanding, lessons learned (“know how”), issues of sensors noise and mechanical components nonlinearities are presented.

  1. The Isolated Chicken Eye test to replace the Draize test in rabbits : from development to implementation: “The long and winding road”

    Prinsen, M.K.


    Dit proefschrift beschrijft de ontwikkeling, optimalisatie, validatie (binnen TNO) en toepassing van een alternatieve test met geïsoleerde ogen van kippen (de Isolated Chicken Eye, kortweg de ICE test) en in bredere zin de internationale validatie en acceptatie van de ICE test door

  2. The Isolated Chicken Eye test to replace the Draize test in rabbits : from development to implementation: “The long and winding road”

    Prinsen, M.K.


    Dit proefschrift beschrijft de ontwikkeling, optimalisatie, validatie (binnen TNO) en toepassing van een alternatieve test met geïsoleerde ogen van kippen (de Isolated Chicken Eye, kortweg de ICE test) en in bredere zin de internationale validatie en acceptatie van de ICE test door overheidsinstanti

  3. Quand l’esprit « dit » le temps : la conscience du temps chez Aristote, Augustin et Husserl

    Michael R. Kelly


    Full Text Available Cet essai met en cause la comparaison historique courante qui relie le traitement husserlien de la conscience du temps à la tradition philosophique occidentale par le biais du livre IX des Confessions d’Augustin. Je soutiens notamment que cette comparaison n’est valable qu’à l’égard des leçons sur le temps de 1905 (qui expliquent l’appréhension du temps par le recours à l’étirement de la conscience opéré par la mémoire et non pour la théorie husserlienne ultérieure, que l’on peut dater autour de 1908 (qui critique ouvertement les premières leçons à cause la position défectueuse et contre-intuitive qu’y était défendue selon laquelle la mémoire étend la perception. Après avoir pointé les défauts de la théorie du temps partagée par Augustin et par le Husserl de 1905, j’approfondis la distinction, élaborée plus tard par Husserl à partir de 1911, entre mémoire et rétention, et j’examine l’hypothèse selon laquelle la théorie aristotélicienne du temps telle qu’elle est présentée dans le IVème livre de la Physique pourrait représenter une meilleur terme de comparaison historique pour la théorie husserlienne de la maturité, notamment dans la mesure où elle s’appuie sur l’idée que c’est « l’esprit qui dit les “maintenant” comme deux ».This essay contests the standard historical comparison that links Husserl's account of time-consciousness to the western philosophical tradition by way of Book XI of Augustine's "Confessions." I argue that this comparison holds only with respect to Husserl's 1905 lectures on time, which explains the apprehension of time by recourse to a memorial distenction of consciousness, and not his later theory dating around 1908, which claimed that the earlier lectures advanced the flawed and counter-intuitive position that memory extends perception. After tracing the shortcomings of Augustine's and Husserl's 1905 theory of time, I develop Husserl


    Ali-Khan, Sarah E; Black, Lee; Palmour, Nicole; Hallett, Michael T; Avard, Denise


    There have been multiple calls for explicit integration of ethical, legal, and social issues (ELSI) in health technology assessment (HTA) and addressing ELSI has been highlighted as key in optimizing benefits in the Omics/Personalized Medicine field. This study examines HTAs of an early clinical example of Personalized Medicine (gene expression profile tests [GEP] for breast cancer prognosis) aiming to: (i) identify ELSI; (ii) assess whether ELSIs are implicitly or explicitly addressed; and (iii) report methodology used for ELSI integration. A systematic search for HTAs (January 2004 to September 2012), followed by descriptive and qualitative content analysis. Seventeen HTAs for GEP were retrieved. Only three (18%) explicitly presented ELSI, and only one reported methodology. However, all of the HTAs included implicit ELSI. Eight themes of implicit and explicit ELSI were identified. "Classical" ELSI including privacy, informed consent, and concerns about limited patient/clinician genetic literacy were always presented explicitly. Some ELSI, including the need to understand how individual patients' risk tolerances affect clinical decision-making after reception of GEP results, were presented both explicitly and implicitly in HTAs. Others, such as concern about evidentiary deficiencies for clinical utility of GEP tests, occurred only implicitly. Despite a wide variety of important ELSI raised, these were rarely explicitly addressed in HTAs. Explicit treatment would increase their accessibility to decision-makers, and may augment HTA efficiency maximizing their utility. This is particularly important where complex Personalized Medicine applications are rapidly expanding choices for patients, clinicians and healthcare systems.

  5. Quality issues with malaria rapid diagnostic test accessories and buffer packaging: findings from a 5-country private sector project in Africa.

    Harvey, Steven A; Incardona, Sandra; Martin, Nina; Lussiana, Cristina; Streat, Elizabeth; Dolan, Stephanie; Champouillon, Nora; Kyabayinze, Daniel J; Mugerwa, Robert; Nakanwagi, Grace; Njoki, Nancy; Rova, Ratsimandisa; Cunningham, Jane


    Use of antigen-detecting malaria rapid diagnostic tests (RDTs) has increased exponentially over the last decade. WHO's Global Malaria Programme, FIND, and other collaborators have established a quality assurance scheme to guide product selection, lot verification, transport, storage, and training procedures. Recent concerns over the quality of buffer packaging and test accessories suggest a need to include these items in product assessments. This paper describes quality problems with buffer and accessories encountered in a project promoting private sector RDT use in five African countries and suggests steps to avoid or more rapidly identify and resolve such problems. Private provider complaints about RDT buffer vials and kit accessories were collected during supervisory visits, and a standard assessment process was developed. Using 100 tests drawn from six different lots produced by two manufacturers, lab technicians visually assessed alcohol swab packaging, blood transfer device (BTD) usability, and buffer appearance, then calculated mean blood volume from 10 BTD transfers and mean buffer volume from 10 individual buffer vials. WHO guided complaint reporting and follow-up with manufacturers. Supervisory visits confirmed user reports of dry alcohol swabs, poorly functioning BTDs, and non-uniform volumes of buffer. Lot testing revealed further evidence of quality problems, leading one manufacturer to replace buffer vials and accessories for 40,000 RDTs. In December 2014, WHO issued an Information Notice for Users regarding variable buffer volumes in single-use vials and recommended against procurement of these products until defects were addressed. Though not necessarily comprehensive or generalizable, the findings presented here highlight the need for extending quality assessment to all malaria RDT test kit contents. Defects such as those described in this paper could reduce test accuracy and increase probability of invalid, false positive, or false negative

  6. 'Speak out' - issues in participatory materials development

    Zannie Bock


    Full Text Available This article outlines the development of a beginner English course called 'Speak Out' for adults in Adult Basic Education and Training classes in the early 1990s. The course uses an innovative roleplay methodology which builds on the experiences and language knowledge of the adult learners. It was conceptualised and developed within a participatory approach to adult learning and materials development. The article explores the tension between the ideals of the participatory approach and the constraints exerted by contextual and other factors. The article begins with an introduction of the context within which the materials were conceptualised, then offers a brief overview of the participatory approach, and then considers the following aspects of the 'Speak Out' course: the language learning methodology, issues of teacher competence and development, and lastly, the materials development process itself. Hierdie artikel beskryf die ontwikkeling van 'n beginnerskursus vir Engels, getitel 'Speak Out'. Dit is ontwerp vir volwassenes in klasse binne 'n Volwasse Basiese Onderrig en Opleiding-program in die vroee 1990s. Die kursus maak gebruik van innoverende rolspel as 'n metode wat spesifiek aansluit by die ervarings en taalkennis van volwasse leerders. Dit is gekonseptualiseer en ontwikkel as deel van 'n deelnemende benadering tot die opleiding van volwassenes en die ontwikkeling van hulpmiddels. Die artikel ondersoek die spanning tussen die ideale van 'n deelnemende benadering en die beperkinge wat opgele word deur kontekstuele en ander faktore. Die inleiding van die artikel gee 'n uiteensetting van die konteks waarbinne die hulpmiddels gekonseptualiseer is. Dan volg 'n kort oorsig oor die deelnemende benadering, en die volgende aspekte van die 'Speak Out'-kursus word oorweeg: die metodologie van taalaanleer, kwessies rondom onderwysers se vaardighede en ontwikkeling, en laastens, die proses van hulpmiddel-ontwikkeling self.

  7. Field test for progesterone : an interim evaluation of the sol particle agglutination inhibition assay = Veldtest voor progesteron : een tussentijdse evaluatie van de sol partikel agglutinatie inhibitie test

    Davina, J.H.M.


    In dit rapport wordt een agglutinatie-test geevalueerd als een variant van de predictor-test voor het controleren van de vruchtbaarheid van grote landbouwhuisdieren. De bepalingsmethode berust op een koppeling van antilichamen tegen progesteron met minuscule gouddeeltjes die in gevriesdroogde toesta

  8. To Further the Near-vision Visual Acuity Test (1) : The Necessity of Near-vision Visual Acuity Testing from the Purpose of the Visual Acuity Tests of the School(Special Issue Dedicated to Professor TAKENAKA Teruo)

    高橋, ひとみ; 川端, 秀仁; 衛藤, 隆


    Children are given visual acuity tests at school. The purpose of the tests is to facilitate school education. There are two types of visual acuity: far- and near-vision visual acuity. Far-vision visual acuity is required, for example, when reading something written on a whiteboard in a classroom. On the other hand, near-vision visual acuity is needed when reading textbooks, notebooks, or when looking at computer screens. However, only far-vision visual acuity tests are typically included in m...

  9. Significant issues and changes for ANSI/ASME OM-1 1981, part 1, ASME OMc code-1994, and ASME OM Code-1995, Appendix I, inservice testing of pressure relief devices in light water reactor power plants

    Seniuk, P.J.


    This paper identifies significant changes to the ANSI/ASME OM-1 1981, Part 1, and ASME Omc Code-1994 and ASME OM Code-1995, Appendix I, {open_quotes}Inservice Testing of Pressure Relief Devices in Light-Water Reactor Power Plants{close_quotes}. The paper describes changes to different Code editions and presents insights into the direction of the code committee and selected topics to be considered by the ASME O&M Working Group on pressure relief devices. These topics include scope issues, thermal relief valve issues, as-found and as-left set-pressure determinations, exclusions from testing, and cold setpoint bench testing. The purpose of this paper is to describe some significant issues being addressed by the O&M Working Group on Pressure Relief Devices (OM-1). The writer is currently the chair of OM-1 and the statements expressed herein represents his personal opinion.

  10. Test

    Bendixen, Carsten


    Bidrag med en kortfattet, introducerende, perspektiverende og begrebsafklarende fremstilling af begrebet test i det pædagogiske univers.......Bidrag med en kortfattet, introducerende, perspektiverende og begrebsafklarende fremstilling af begrebet test i det pædagogiske univers....

  11. Bond Issues.

    Pollack, Rachel H.


    Notes trends toward increased borrowing by colleges and universities and offers guidelines for institutions that are considering issuing bonds to raise money for capital projects. Discussion covers advantages of using bond financing, how use of bonds impacts on traditional fund raising, other cautions and concerns, and some troubling aspects of…

  12. Newspaper Issue.

    Bourke, Thomas A.; And Others


    This special issue includes "The Microfilming of Newspapers: An Overview" (Thomas Bourke); "United States Newspaper Program: Progress and Propsects" (Larry Sullivan); "The Preservation of Canadian Newspapers" (Mary Jane Starr); "Current Filming of the New York Times at UMI" (Kenneth Tillman); and "The…

  13. Understanding modal choices for leisure activities. Is it just objectively determined ? Het begrijpen van de vervoerswijzekeuze voor vrijetijdsactiviteiten. Wordt dit enkel beïnvloed door objectief meetbare variabelen ?

    Kobe Boussauw


    Full Text Available Most studies on the link between the built environment and modal choice characterize and model this relationship by objectively measureable characteristics such as density and diversity. Recently, within the debate on residential self-selection, attention has also been paid to the importance of subjective influences such as the individual’s perception of the built environment and his/her residential attitudes and preferences. Expanding the analysis to also include both objective and subjective characteristics at other model levels (i.e., not only stage of life characteristics but also personal lifestyles ; not only car availability but also travel attitudes, not only modal choice but also mode specific attitudes is the purpose of this paper. To this end, a modal choice model for active leisure activities is developed using data on personal lifestyles and attitudes, collected via an Internet survey, and estimated using a path model consisting of a set of simultaneous estimated equations between observed variables. While controlling for subjective lifestyles and attitudes, the effects of the built environment and car availability on modal choice can be determined correctly and thus insights in self-selection mechanisms can be gained.De meeste studies over de interactie tussen de bebouwde omgeving en vervoerswijzekeuze gebruiken objectief meetbare eigenschappen zoals dichtheid en diversiteit om deze relatie te modelleren en analyseren. Recent wordt tevens aandacht besteed aan het belang van subjectieve invloeden zoals de percepties en voorkeuren van het individu met betrekking tot de bebouwde omgeving. Dit gebeurde vooral binnen het debat over residentiële zelfselectie, maar zelfselectie kan ook op andere punten optreden. Daarom wordt in dit artikel de analyse uitgebreid zodat subjectieve kenmerken ook op andere niveaus van het model voorkomen (bijvoorbeeld, niet alleen levensfase maar ook leefstijl, niet alleen autobezit maar ook algemene

  14. Banque coopérative et gestion des ressources humaines : vers un modèle hybride ? Le cas du Crédit Agricole Provence Côte d'Azur

    Jouffret, Delphine


    Les banque coopératives appartiennent à l'économie sociale et solidaire et sont construites sur des principes d'adhésion libre et volontaire, de gestion démocratique et de non distribution des bénéfices ? Leur modèle s'est développé en réaction à l'économie capitaliste avant de converger de plus en plus vers elle. Le Crédit Agricole a ainsi adopté, ces dernières années, des pratiques en matière de gestion des ressources humaines très proches des autres groupes bancaires. Notre étude a porté s...

  15. Theoretical Issues

    Marc Vanderhaeghen


    The theoretical issues in the interpretation of the precision measurements of the nucleon-to-Delta transition by means of electromagnetic probes are highlighted. The results of these measurements are confronted with the state-of-the-art calculations based on chiral effective-field theories (EFT), lattice QCD, large-Nc relations, perturbative QCD, and QCD-inspired models. The link of the nucleon-to-Delta form factors to generalized parton distributions (GPDs) is also discussed.

  16. Issue ownership and party choice

    Brug, van der Wouter


    This study presents an empirical test of the extent to which the “issue ownership” model explains the electoral decisions of individual voters. The model has been tested mainly by its ability to predict aggregate election results by issue salience (e.g., Budge and Farlie, 1983 and Petrocik, 1996). A

  17. Theoretical and Methodological Issues with Testing the SCCT and RIASEC Models: Comment on Lent, Sheu, and Brown (2010) and Lubinski (2010)

    Armstrong, Patrick Ian; Vogel, David L.


    The current article replies to comments made by Lent, Sheu, and Brown (2010) and Lubinski (2010) regarding the study "Interpreting the Interest-Efficacy Association From a RIASEC Perspective" (Armstrong & Vogel, 2009). The comments made by Lent et al. and Lubinski highlight a number of important theoretical and methodological issues, including the…

  18. Research Article Special Issue


    Jun 15, 2016 ... Department of Psychology, Quchan Branch, Islamic Azad University, ... cluster sampling and a Motivational Strategies Learning (MSLQ) test, ... it, including issues that have always attracted the attention of trainers, teachers and experts of ... educational methods (Samadi, 2007), motivational beliefs (Kajbaf, ...

  19. Simulation of building performances. Special issue; Gebouwprestatiesimulatie. Themanummer

    Hensen, J.; Yahiaoui; Djunaedy, E. [Center for Building and Systems, TNO en Technische Universiteit Eindhoven TUE, Eindhoven (Netherlands); Van Schijndel, A.W.M. [Faculteit Bouwkunde, FAGO, Technische Universiteit Eindhoven, Eindhoven (Netherlands); Andre, P. [Fondation Universitaire Luxembourgeoise FUL, Arlon (Belgium); Asada, H.; Boelman, E.C.; Van der Voorden, M. [Faculteit Bouwkunde, Technische Universiteit Delft, Delft (Netherlands); Elkhuizen, B.; Loomans, M.; Soethout, L.L.; Maassen, W.H.; De Wilde, P.; Zonneveldt, L.; De Groot, E.; Van Dijk, H.A.L.; Oversloot, H.P.; Versluis, R. [TNO Bouw, Delft (Netherlands); Plokker, W. [Vereniging voor Automatisering in de Bouw en Installatietechniek VABI, Delft (Netherlands); Stec, W.; Van Paassen, A.H.C. [Faculteit OCP, Technische Universiteit Delft, Delft (Netherlands); Geebelen, B. [Departement Architectuur, Stedenbouw en Ruimtelijke Ordening, Katholieke Universiteit Leuven, Leuven (Belgium); Itard, L.C.M. [Deerns Raadgevende Ingenieurs, Rijswijk (Netherlands); Yu, B. [Technische Universiteit Delft, Delft (Netherlands); De Bondt, A. [Ooms Avenhorn Holding, Scharwoude (Netherlands); Pearce, M. [Architect (Zimbabwe); Saelens, D. [Laboratorium Bouwfysica, Departement Burgerlijke Bouwkunde, Katholieke Universiteit Leuven, Leuven (Belgium); Augenbroe, G. [College of Architecture, Georgia Institute of Technology, Atlanta, Georgia (United States)


    A large number of articles in this issue is dedicated to building performance simulation, one of the most important tools in predicting building and installation performances for analysis, design and management. Most of the articles are translations of papers from the Building Simulations 2003 conference of the International Building Performance Simulation Association (IBPSA) which was held in Eindhoven, Netherlands, August 2003. [Dutch] Gebouwprestatiesimulatie is een van de belangrijkste hulpmiddelen bij het voorspellen van gebouw- en installatieprestaties voor analyse, ontwerp en beheer. De laatste jaren is er ook in Nederland en Belgie een verhoogde inspanning waarneembaar op academisch niveau. Om een indruk te geven van het huidige onderzoek in onze regio op het gebied van gebouwprestatiesimulatie bestaat dit themanummer uit uitgebreide in het Nederlands vetaalde samenvattingen van papers die zijn gepresenteerd op het tweejaarlijkse congres Building Simulations 2003 van de International Building Performance Simulation Association (IBSPA), eind augustus in Eindhoven.

  20. Some Focus Issues in MCU Chip Multi-Sites Testing%MCU芯片Multi-Sites测试中几个值得关注的问题

    陈真; 陆锋; 张凯虹


    Describes the MCU chip Multi-Sites Test Method for Multi-Sites MCU chip test difficulty, elaborated MCU chip Multi-Sites in the testing process often affects the efficiency of the test system and test problems, mainly made MCU chip testing process Multi-Sites the DC parametric testing, functional testing of influencing factors and solutions, and the MCU chip Multi-Sites often encountered during testing interference factors were analyzed, as far as possible to ensure the MCU chip Multi-Sites obtained during testing of the performance parameters stable and reliable.%介绍了MCU芯片Multi-Sites测试方法,针对MCU芯片Multi-Sites测试的难点,阐述了在MCU芯片Multi-Sites测试过程中经常影响测试系统和测试效率的问题。主要提出了MCU芯片Multi-Sites测试过程中的直流参数测试、功能测试的影响因素和解决方案,并对MCU芯片Multi-Sites测试过程中经常遇到的干扰因素进行分析,尽可能保证MCU芯片Multi-Sites测试过程中获得的各项性能参数稳定可靠。

  1. Indoor climate. Special issue; Binnenklimaat. Themanummer

    Bijnsdorp, S.; Bijman, J. (eds.); Kurvers, S.R.; Van der Linden, A.C. [Faculteit Bouwkunde, Technische Universiteit Delft, Delft (Netherlands); Hooft, E.N.' t; Roelofsen, C.P.G. [Grontmij Technical Management, Amersfoort (Netherlands); Plokker, W. [Vabi, Delft (Netherlands); Boerstra, A.C.; Leijten, J.L. [Boerstra Binnenmilieu Advies, Rotterdam (Netherlands); Raue, A.K. [Raue IEQ, Rotterdam (Netherlands); Hensen, J.L.M.; Van Hoof, J. [Faculteit Bouwkunde, Technische Universiteit Eindhoven, Eindhoven (Netherlands)


    In this special issue 7 articles are dedicated to the indoor climate: (1) the importance of a healthy climate in office buildings; (2) four articles on the so-called GTO- and the ATG-method. GTO is the Dutch abbreviation for weighted temperature exceedance value and ATG stands for the adaptive temperature boundary values. Both are used to assess the thermal comfort and the indoor climate; (3) in the sixth article attention is paid to the impact of the indoor environment on administrative organizations; and (4) the final article deals with the measurement of relative humidity in HVAC-technology. [Dutch] In dit themanummer zijn 7 artikelen gewijd aan het binnenklimaat: (1) het belang van een gezond binnenklimaat in kantoorgebouwen; (2) vier artikelen over de zogenaamde GTO- en ATG-methoden. GTO staat voor gewogen temperatuuroverschrijdingswaarde en ATG is de adaptieve temperatuurgrenswaarden methode; (3) in het zesde artikel wordt aandacht besteed aan het effect van het binnenklimaat op administratieve organisaties; en (4) het laatste artikel gaat in op de meting van de relatieve vochtigheid in de HVAC-technologie.

  2. 基于信息距离理论测度网站易用性的人本化思考%Human-oriented Thinking on the Measurement of Website' s Ease of Use Based on the Theory of DIT



    对网站易用性及其评价方法进行文献调研,分析信息距离直接定量测度方法在网站易用性横向对比方面存在的问题,并从人本化的角度探讨基于信息距离理论的网站易用性测度方法,最后以具体实例验证该方法的合理性。%Through reviewing the literature of Website' s Ease of Use (WEU) problems existed in lateral correlation of WEU through the direct quantitative and its evaluation methods, this paper analyzes the surement method based on the theory of Distance of Information-state Transition( DIT), and discusses the measurement method of WEU based on the theory of DIT from the perspective of human-orientation. Finally, an example is used to confirm the rationality of the method.

  3. Issues in Target Tracking


    the CUSUM (Page) test yields the quickest detection of a change of distribution for the case of i.i.d. observations [3]. In fact, in a (highly...11. Autocorrelation of the CUSUM increments, sn, under H1 (target present). Issues in Target Tracking RTO-EN-SET-157(2010...restrictive condition that the increments of the cumulative sum, sn, be i.i.d. [3], [22]. Fig. 11 plots the autocorrelation of the CUSUM increments as a

  4. Dit product werkt tegen kanker (misschien)

    Baars, J.J.P.


    In een tijd van lage prijzen en een verzadigde markt, is het aantrekkelijk om de verkoop van paddenstoelen kracht bij te zetten met nieuwe argumenten. Het meest voor de hand liggend is om de mogelijk gezondheidsbevorderende stoffen in paddenstoelen in te zetten voor vermarkting. Dat gaat echter niet

  5. Onderzoekers die dit artikel lazen, lazen ook..

    Bogers, Toine; Van den Bosch, Antal


    The À Propos project was a joint research project between the CLST of Radboud University Nijmegen and the Tilburg center for Cognition and Communication from 2004 to 2008. The goal of the À Propos project was to support knowledge workers by suggesting relevant reading material during the writing ...... process. A specific example of such support is identifying and recommending relevant scientific articles to researchers who are engaged in describing their own research....

  6. Vous avez dit "immersion?" (You Said "Immersion?").

    Gajo, Laurent, Ed.


    Articles on immersion and bilingual education include these: "Terminological Considerations Regarding Content and Language Integrated Learning" (Tarja Nikula, David Marsh); "Educazione bilingue e multiculturale, istruzione bilingue, immersione totale: quattro nozioni da definire" ("Bilingual and Multicultural Education,…

  7. Virtual Reality er dit nye Skype

    Bødker, Mads


    VR er mediet, der kan gøre den flade skærm og det begrænsede blik i for eksempel Skype til et lidt gammeldags digitalt samarbejde. Ved at sætte folk i stand til at kommunikere, dele virtuelle genstande og give dem en øget oplevelse af at være i et rum sammen, kan man mediere nye aspekter af samar...

  8. Editors’ introduction to the special issue “Bayes factors for testing hypotheses in psychological research : Practical relevance and new developments”

    Mulder, J.; Wagenmakers, E.-J.


    In order to test their hypotheses, psychologists increasingly favor the Bayes factor , the standard Bayesian measure of relative evidence between two competing statistical models. The Bayes factor has an intuitive interpretation and allows a comparison between any two models, even models that are

  9. Theoretical and methodological issues with testing the SCCT and RIASEC models: Comment on Lent, Sheu, and Brown (2010) and Lubinski (2010).

    Armstrong, Patrick Ian; Vogel, David L


    The current article replies to comments made by Lent, Sheu, and Brown (2010) and Lubinski (2010) regarding the study "Interpreting the Interest-Efficacy Association From a RIASEC Perspective" (Armstrong & Vogel, 2009). The comments made by Lent et al. and Lubinski highlight a number of important theoretical and methodological issues, including the process of defining and differentiating between constructs, the assumptions underlying Holland's (1959, 1997) RIASEC (Realistic, Investigative, Artistic, Social, Enterprising, and Conventional types) model and interrelations among constructs specified in social cognitive career theory (SCCT), the importance of incremental validity for evaluating constructs, and methodological considerations when quantifying interest-efficacy correlations and for comparing models using multivariate statistical methods. On the basis of these comments and previous research on the SCCT and Holland models, we highlight the importance of considering multiple theoretical perspectives in vocational research and practice. Alternative structural models are outlined for examining the role of interests, self-efficacy, learning experiences, outcome expectations, personality, and cognitive abilities in the career choice and development process.

  10. Durability and Design Issues of Thermal/environmental Barrier Coatings on Sic/sic Ceramic Matrix Composites Under 1650 C Test Conditions

    Zhu, Dong-Ming; Choi, Sung R.; Ghosn, Louis J.; Miller, Robert A.


    Ceramic thermal/environmental barrier coatings for SiC-based ceramics will play an increasingly important role in future gas turbine engines because of their ability to effectively protect the engine components and further raise engine temperatures. However, the coating durability remains a major concern with the ever-increasing temperature requirements. Currently, advanced T/EBC systems, which typically include a high temperature capable zirconia- (or hahia-) based oxide top coat (thermal barrier) on a less temperature capable mullite/barium-strontium-aluminosilicate (BSAS)/Si inner coat (environmental barrier), are being developed and tested for higher temperature capability Sic combustor applications. In this paper, durability of several thermal/environmental barrier coating systems on SiC/SiC ceramic matrix composites was investigated under laser simulated engine thermal gradient cyclic, and 1650 C (3000 F) test conditions. The coating cracking and delamination processes were monitored and evaluated. The effects of temperature gradients and coating configurations on the ceramic coating crack initiation and propagation were analyzed using finite element analysis (FEA) models based on the observed failure mechanisms, in conjunction with mechanical testing results. The environmental effects on the coating durability will be discussed. The coating design approach will also be presented.

  11. Ethical Issues and the Countermeasures in Paternity Test in China%我国亲子鉴定中的伦理学问题及对策

    李学博; 丁明霞


    The application of modern biotechnology in paternity test is a breakthrough in the history of sci-ence, providing a more scientific and objective evidence for the judicial practice, and it has solved many judicial problems, and played a positive role to maintain the stability of marriage and family. As paternity test technology is a special medical test, it concerns the family affection, affects the rights and interests of children, and will bring a series of ethical, law, family and social problems. Therefore, such kind of appraisal should be regulated, guided and restricted in our country.%现代生物技术在亲子鉴定中的应用,是人类科学史上的一大突破,为司法实践提供了更为科学客观的证据,解决了诸多司法难题,对维护婚姻和家庭稳定具有积极意义。但由于亲子鉴定技术是一项特殊的医学检验,它考量着家庭的亲情,影响着子女的权益,带来一系列伦理、法律、家庭及社会问题。因此,国家应对此类鉴定活动进行规范,并加以引导和限制。

  12. Impact of human genome initiative-derived technology on genetic testing, screening and counseling: Cultural, ethical and legal issues. Progress report

    Trottier, R.W.; Hodgin, F.C.; Imara, M.; Phoenix, D.; Lybrook, S. [Morehouse Coll., Atlanta, GA (United States). School of Medicine; Crandall, L.A.; Moseley, R.E.; Armotrading, D. [Florida Univ., Gainesville, FL (United States). Coll. of Medicine


    Genetic medical services provided by the Georgia Division of Public Health in two northern and two central districts are compared to services provided in a district in which a tertiary care facility is located. Genetics outreach public health nurses play key roles in Georgia`s system of Children`s Health Services Genetics Program, including significant roles as counselors and information sources on special needs social services and support organizations. Unique features of individual health districts, (e.g., the changing face of some rural communities in ethnocultural diversity and socioeconomic character), present new challenges to current and future genetics services delivery. Preparedness as to educational needs of both health professionals and the lay population is of foremost concern in light of the ever expanding knowledge and technology in medical genetics. Perspectives on genetics and an overview of services offered by a local private sector counselor are included for comparison to state supported services. The nature of the interactions which transpire between private and public genetic services resources in Georgia will be described. A special focus of this research includes issues associated with sickle cell disease newborn screening service delivery process in Georgia, with particular attention paid to patient follow-up and transition to primary care. Of particular interest to this focus is the problem of loss to follow-up in the current system. Critical factors in education and counseling of sickle cell patients and the expectations of expanding roles of primary care physicians are discussed. The Florida approach to the delivery of genetic services contrasts to the Georgia model by placing more emphasis on a consultant-specialist team approach.

  13. Working paper Green Gas. Overview of policy issues on Green Gas; Werkdocument Groen Gas. Overzicht Beleidsvraagstukken Groen Gas

    Dumont, M.


    Early 2010, the interdepartmental Accelerator Team Green Gas was established which deals with policy issues in the field of Green Gas. This working document reflects the current state of affairs. Via the website new versions will be made available on a regular basis [Dutch] Begin 2010 is het interdepartementale Versnellerteam Groen Gas opgericht dat zich bezighoudt met vraagstukken op het gebied van Groen Gas die op het terrein van de rijksoverheid liggen. Dit werkdocument geeft de huidige stand van zaken weer. Via komen geregeld nieuwe versies beschikbaar.

  14. Federal employees--random drug and alcohol testing--subject matter jurisdiction--issue preclusion--exhaustion. Whitman v. Department of Transportation.


    The Supreme Court, in a per curium decision, vacated a ruling against an air traffic controller in his claim that he was subjected to more than random drug testing and remanded the matter to the Ninth Circuit to determine whether the petitioner exhausted his administrative remedies and whether exhaustion is required, or, if necessary, whether the Civil Service Reform Act precludes employees from pursuing claims beyond those set out in that act, i.e., whether Congress intended to remove such actions from the general grant of subject matter jurisdiction under 28 U.S.C. paragraph 1331.

  15. Un poema inèdit sobre la Guerra de la Successió al Rosselló / An unpublished poem about the War of the Spanish Succession in Roussillon

    Helena Rovira Cerdà


    Full Text Available Resum Editem i contextualitzem breument un poema inèdit i desconegut copiat al ms. 1052 de la Biblioteca de la Universitat de Barcelona. Pels esdeveniments al·ludits, aquesta obra ha de datar de l’inici de la Guerra de la Successió (1702-1715, probablement de juny de 1706 o poc després. L’autor anònim s’adreça directament a l’arxiduc Carles d’Àustria tot incitant-lo a deixar la conquesta d’Aragó per la del Rosselló, on comptarà amb el suport de la població autòctona. Aquesta peça constitueix un document notable sobre l’impacte d’aquest conflicte bèl·lic a la Catalunya del Nord uns cinquanta anys després d’haver estat annexionada a la corona de França en el Tractat dels Pirineus (1659. Abstract We edit and contextualise an unpublished and unknown poem copied in ms. 1052 of the University of Barcelona Library. Judging from the events mentioned, this work must date from the beginning of the War of the Spanish Succession (1702-1715, probably in June 1706 or shortly thereafter. The anonymous author goes straight to the Archduke Charles III of Austria, urging him to change the conquest of Aragon for the conquest of Roussillon, where he will have the support of the local populace. This is a remarkable document on the impact of this war in Northern Catalonia about fifty years after it was annexed to the Crown of France by the Treaty of the Pyrenees (1659.

  16. Memoria de actividades relacionadas con la innovación en la construcción: Documento de Idoneidad Técnica (DIT. 50 años de la UEAtc

    Blázquez, A.


    , en la reunión anual denominada: Comisión de Coordinación. En esta Comisión, se discuten las situaciones nacionales y las interacciones entre las actividades de cada Instituto (País, para la evaluación de la innovación en la construcción y particularmente para la referida a los productos de construcción innovadores, en el ámbito del Documento de Idoneidad Técnica (DIT (en otras lenguas Agrément, Avis Technique, etc.. Como en muchas otras actividades que practicamos en nuestra vida, a veces, no prestamos suficiente atención a que éstas, se desarrollan en un contexto marcado por hechos históricos más o menos relevantes que se suceden paralelos a nuestra actividad profesional, a la que sin duda de una manera u otra afectan significativamente. Es por ello, que se realiza aquí, una reflexión con ánimo constructivo y optimista, un ejercicio simple subjetivo y con alguna dosis de humor, que lista, paralelamente a algunos de los hechos históricos anuales que han ido aconteciendo, aquellos otros, más técnicos, que tienen que ver con el DIT. Exposición que se finaliza con el Resumen Anual (2008, de actividades del DIT, presentado a la última Comisión de Coordinación de la UEAtc. El mensaje es doble: por un lado no deberíamos olvidar la historia y lo que hemos conseguido, y por otro lado, nuestro trabajo no debería abstraerse en sí mismo, hasta el punto de perder de vista la relatividad de lo que hacemos.

  17. Critical issues with the in vivo comet assay: A report of the comet assay working group in the 6th International Workshop on Genotoxicity Testing (IWGT).

    Speit, Günter; Kojima, Hajime; Burlinson, Brian; Collins, Andrew R; Kasper, Peter; Plappert-Helbig, Ulla; Uno, Yoshifumi; Vasquez, Marie; Beevers, Carol; De Boeck, Marlies; Escobar, Patricia A; Kitamoto, Sachiko; Pant, Kamala; Pfuhler, Stefan; Tanaka, Jin; Levy, Dan D


    As a part of the 6th IWGT, an expert working group on the comet assay evaluated critical topics related to the use of the in vivo comet assay in regulatory genotoxicity testing. The areas covered were: identification of the domain of applicability and regulatory acceptance, identification of critical parameters of the protocol and attempts to standardize the assay, experience with combination and integration with other in vivo studies, demonstration of laboratory proficiency, sensitivity and power of the protocol used, use of different tissues, freezing of samples, and choice of appropriate measures of cytotoxicity. The standard protocol detects various types of DNA lesions but it does not detect all types of DNA damage. Modifications of the standard protocol may be used to detect additional types of specific DNA damage (e.g., cross-links, bulky adducts, oxidized bases). In addition, the working group identified critical parameters that should be carefully controlled and described in detail in every published study protocol. In vivo comet assay results are more reliable if they were obtained in laboratories that have demonstrated proficiency. This includes demonstration of adequate response to vehicle controls and an adequate response to a positive control for each tissue being examined. There was a general agreement that freezing of samples is an option but more data are needed in order to establish generally accepted protocols. With regard to tissue toxicity, the working group concluded that cytotoxicity could be a confounder of comet results. It is recommended to look at multiple parameters such as histopathological observations, organ-specific clinical chemistry as well as indicators of tissue inflammation to decide whether compound-specific toxicity might influence the result. The expert working group concluded that the alkaline in vivo comet assay is a mature test for the evaluation of genotoxicity and can be recommended to regulatory agencies for use.

  18. Software Tool Issues

    Hennell, Michael

    This chapter relies on experience with tool development gained over the last thirty years. It shows that there are a large number of techniques that contribute to any successful project, and that formality is always the key: a modern software test tool is based on a firm mathematical foundation. After a brief introduction, Section 2 recalls and extends the terminology of Chapter 1. Section 3 discusses the the design of different sorts of static and dynamic analysis tools. Nine important issues to be taken into consideration when evaluating such tools are presented in Section 4. Section 5 investigates the interplay between testing and proof. In Section 6, we call for developers to take their own medicine and verify their tools. Finally, we conclude in Section 7 with a summary of our main messages, emphasising the important role of testing.

  19. Les accrédités auprès de l’UE et les correspondants français et italiens face au défi numérique

    Antonella Agostino


    Full Text Available Dans un contexte dominé par l’immédiateté et la multiplication des sources d’information et les outils du Web 2.0, les médias sociaux sont devenus incontournables dans la production et le traitement de l’actualité internationale. Le présent article se propose de déterminer les conséquences de cette nouvelle configuration sur la production de l’information européenne et sur l’évolution du poste de correspondant accrédité auprès de l’Union européenne, en nous intéressant spécifiquement aux français et italiens, pour lesquels aucune recherche n’a été publiée jusqu’à présent. Notre investigation, basée notamment sur des enquêtes de terrain, des statistiques et des analyses d’entretiens semi-directifs, tente de répondre aux questions suivantes : l’Internet et les médias sociaux, exploités prioritairement par les institutions européennes, représentent-t-ils pour l’accrédité un nouvel outil de travail et un nouveau terrain d’expression et de diffusion de l’information ? Ces médias bouleversent-ils leurs pratiques ? Quelle est l’attitude des accrédités face à l’essor du journalisme amateur ? Quel est l’impact du web social sur leur statut de news-gatherer et news-manufacturer ? Nos observations montrent que l’irruption du numérique ne semble pas avoir suscité une véritable réorganisation en profondeur des structures de production ni même des routines de travail de l’accrédité : le Web 2.0 représente une source d’information complémentaire des sources traditionnelles. Dans le microcosme bruxellois, certains s’adressent à leurs sources confidentielles ou appellent un collègue pour vérifier une information, d’autres surfent à la recherche d’un scoop et considèrent la toile comme un nouveau moyen pour mieux vendre la news « Europe ». Même s’il est devenu possible aujourd’hui pour de nouveaux acteurs opérant en ligne de suivre l’actualité et la

  20. Review of Urinalysis Drug Testing Program. Report by a Panel of Army and Civilian Experts in Toxicology and Drug Testing Legal Issues for the Surgeon General of the U.S. Army


    placed on a urine sample which is drug positive by an immunoassay method, such as EMIT (or RIA), if it is also positive by a method based on completely...other laboratories visited by the Panel. The amphetamine procedure has its inherent problems due to urine interference peaks, pro- bably caused by...specific criteria for test results to assure that test results will meet scientific requirements and be considered legally sufficient to label a urine

  1. The challenge of a ban on animal testing for the development of a regulated legal market for new psychoactive substances (NPS) ('legal highs') in New Zealand: Issues and options for resolution.

    Rychert, Marta; Wilkins, Chris


    In mid-July 2013, New Zealand passed the Psychoactive Substances Act (PSA), which allowed 'low risk' psychoactive products ('legal highs') to be approved for legal sale. In early May 2014, following public protest, the Psychoactive Substances Amendment Act (PSAA) was passed banning animal testing of psychoactive products, potentially making the new regime unworkable. To investigate strategies to overcome the impasse created by the animal testing ban. Solutions to the impasse were investigated using 'scenario' and 'stakeholder' analysis. Legislation, parliamentary debates, and regulatory statements related to the PSA and animal testing were reviewed. Strategies to resolve the impasse were discussed with stakeholders including the Psychoactive Substances Regulatory Authority (PSRA) officials, health officials, a legal high industry lawyer, and a leading legal highs manufacturer. This process generated six possible scenarios and five decision-making criteria of key importance to major stakeholders. Scenarios were then evaluated based on feedback from the industry and regulators. The six scenarios were: (1) pragmatic modification of the animal testing ban; (2) waiting until new non-animal test models are internationally accepted; (3) use of non-validated replacement test methods; (4) judicial challenge of the animal testing ban; (5) 'creative compliance' by only presenting human clinical trial results; and (6) philosophical re-conceptualisation of the 'benefits' from psychoactive products. Options 1 and 5 appear to be the most attractive overall solutions. However, both rely on a new political consensus and astute framing of the issues by political communicators. Political decision makers may be happy to accept Scenario 2 which would impose significant delays. A 'failed' pharmaceutical product with psychoactive effects may have the test data required to be approved under Scenarios 1 and 5. Ultimately, the pleasurable benefits from psychoactive products may need to be



    carriers of beta-thalassaemia and abdominal ultrasound scans to detect kidney cysts in adult ... Few pri- mary health care providers however have been trained in this area. ... no prevention, treatment or cure, is very different. At major centres in.

  3. Ethical & Legal Issues in School Counseling. Chapter 6: Special Issues.

    Sampson, James P., Jr.; And Others

    This document contains chapter 6 (5 articles) of a collection of 35 articles primarily from American Association for Counseling and Development (AACD) publications on the most important legal and ethical topics about which all school counselors need to be informed. "Ethical Issues Involved With the Use of Computer-Assisted Counseling, Testing, and…

  4. Vriendskap: waarom is dit so skaars en hoe kan dit in ere herstel word?

    B.J. van der Walt


    Full Text Available Friendship: Why is it so rare and how should it be restored to a place of honour? Different authors mention the fact that nowadays friendship is ignored and rarely celebrated. In trying to improve this sad state of affairs, this article proceeds through the following steps: A brief historical review which reveals that in the past friendship was confused with other relationships and its real value was not acknowledged by Christians. From the perspective of a Christian philosophy of society, it is indicated that friendship is a unique relationship of love, which should be clearly distinguished from other forms of love, for instance the love of marriage partners, brotherly love and neighbourly love in general. This discussion is followed by a structural analysis of the relation of friendship, indicating what real friendship entails. In the light of the preceding, it becomes possible to discern between acceptable forms of friendship and unacceptable “friendships”. The next section provides, apart from the already mentioned historical causes, different reasons for the rareness of friendships in contemporary Western societies. In conclusion, the special value of friendship is emphasised as being a unique gift of God and simultaneously an important human obligation.

  5. Cybernetics and Education (Special Issue)

    Kopstein, Felix F., Ed.


    This is a special issue examining the potential of cybernetics in educational technology. Articles discuss: cybernetic methods, algorithms, feedback learning theory, a structural approach to behavioral objectives and criterion-referenced testing, task specifications and diagnosis, teacher-child interaction, educational development, teaching…

  6. Photovoltaics radiometric issues and needs

    Myers, D.R. [National Renewable Energy Laboratory, Golden, CO (United States)


    This paper presents a summary of issues discussed at the photovoltaic radiometric measurements workshop. Topics included radiometric measurements guides, the need for well-defined goals, documentation, calibration checks, accreditation of testing laboratories and methods, the need for less expensive radiometric instrumentation, data correlations, and quality assurance.

  7. Dental Issues & Down Syndrome

    ... Associated Conditions » Dental Issues & Down Syndrome Dental Issues & Down Syndrome Dental care is important for everybody, but people ... is Different About the Teeth of People With Down Syndrome? Delayed Eruption The teeth of people with Down ...

  8. Sleep Issues and Sundowning

    ... We will not sell or share your name. Sleep Issues and Sundowning Tweet Bookmark this page | Email | ... Sleep Changes Back to top Coping strategies for sleep issues and sundowning If the person is awake ...

  9. Issues in energy finance

    Khokher, Zeigham Islam

    As opposed to the well developed and understood equity markets, the energy markets are still in their infancy. The explosion of contracts, of both the primary and derivative types, are testament both to the existing size and the untapped growth potential of this exciting industry. However, because of its relative youth many basic issues in the energy markets remain unresolved. This thesis introduces some interesting questions and provides insights into these issues. Thematically, the chapters of this thesis are linked by an emphasis on valuation and risk management decisions. A contribution of this thesis is to show that subtle differences between the endogenous price process in our general equilibrium setting and the exogenous processes considered in earlier papers can generate significant differences in both financial and real option values. In addition to these valuation concerns there has been much debate about the corporate risk management function. Finance theory suggests that a value maximizing corporation should either be indifferent to hedging or, in the presence of certain imperfections, it should completely hedge all exposures. Both these extremes contradict empirical evidence. We show that existing corporate hedging behaviour is best explained in light of both physical market imperfections and directional predictions on future prices. While these speculative motives may arise from corporate hubris or genuine informational advantages, we argue that it would be difficult to implement private information in the absence of noise traders. Related to the risk management decision is the existence of futures risk premia. These premia have been thought to be cause by covariance with priced factors or due to the hedging demands of consumers and producers. This thesis argues that inventories serve as a signal of available quantity, which coupled with consumers fears regarding stockouts can induce a positive relationship between premia and inventories. In

  10. Les rouages économiques d'une société minière: échanges et crédit. Loja, 1550-1630


    Full Text Available Le Sud de l'Audience de Quito a joui, depuis la fondation de Loja en 1546, jusqu'au déclin des mines vers 1630, d'une prospérité économique due à l'intensité des échanges commerciaux entre la Nouvelle Grenade et le Pérou, mais surtout à l'existence d'un vaste marché de consommation pour satisfaire les besoins des centres miniers. L'abondance d'une monnaie -l'or extrait des mines locales- a nourri de nombreuses transactions et permis les investissements dans le commerce, l'agriculture et l'élevage. C'est en utilisant les contrats de rentes (censos établis par le couvent de religieuses de Loja, que l'auteur a examiné le fonctionnement du crédit dans la société coloniale et la vitalité de la circulation des capitaux. Cette analyse permet de mettre à jour l'ambiguïté de ce système financier très développé dans l'Amérique coloniale: au XVIème siècle il renforce la prospérité d'une économie locale qui compte de nombreux atouts, mais dès le XVIIème, aggrave les difficultés économiques en devenant une charge supplémentaire. Desde la fundación de Loja en 1546 hasta la decadencia de las minas hacia 1630, el sur de la Audiencia de Quito vivió una época de prosperidad originada en intensos intercambios comerciales entre la Nueva Granada y el Perú, y sobre todo en el amplio mercado de consumo creado por los centros mineros. Una moneda abundante, bajo la forma del oro extraído de las minas locales, alimentó nutridas transacciones y permitió inversiones en el comercio y en las haciendas agrícolas y ganaderas. Gracias al estudio de las escrituras de censos suscritos por el convento de monjas de Loja, la autora examina cómo funciona el crédito en la sociedad colonial y circula el capital. Este análisis demuestra la ambigüedad de aquel sistema de financiación tan común en la Colonia: mientras en el siglo XVI, va acentuando la prosperidad de la economía triunfante de por sí, en cambio en el XVII, constituye una

  11. Ruby on Rails Issue Tracker

    Rodriguez, Juan Jared


    The purpose of this report is to detail the tasks accomplished as a NASA NIFS intern for the summer 2014 session. This internship opportunity is to develop an issue tracker Ruby on Rails web application to improve the communication of developmental anomalies between the Support Software Computer Software Configuration Item (CSCI) teams, System Build and Information Architecture. As many may know software development is an arduous, time consuming, collaborative effort. It involves nearly as much work designing, planning, collaborating, discussing, and resolving issues as effort expended in actual development. This internship opportunity was put in place to help alleviate the amount of time spent discussing issues such as bugs, missing tests, new requirements, and usability concerns that arise during development and throughout the life cycle of software applications once in production.

  12. Seven Issues Revisited

    Grønbæk, Kaj; Whitehead, Jim; De Bra, Paul


    It has been 15 years since the original presentation by Frank Halasz at Hypertext'87 on seven issues for the next generation of hypertext systems. These issues are: Search and Query Composites Virtual Structures Computation in/over hypertext network Versioning Collaborative Work Extensibility...... and Tailorability Since that time, these issues have formed the nucleus of multiple research agendas within the Hypertext community. Befitting this direction-setting role, the issues have been revisited several times, by Halasz in his 1991 Hypertext keynote talk, and by Randy Trigg in his 1996 Hypertext keynote...... five years later. Additionally, over the intervening 15 years, many research systems have addressed the original seven issues, and new research avenues have opened up. The goal of this panel is to begin the process of developing a new set of seven issues for the next generation of hypertext system...

  13. Current issues and actions

    Black, D.G.


    This section of the 1994 Hanford Site Environmental Report summarizes the progress that has been made toward achieving full regulatory compliance at the Hanford Site. Ongoing compliance self-assessments, implementation of the Tri-Party Agreement, and public meetings continue to identify environmental compliance issues. These issues are discussed openly with the regulatory agencies and with the public to ensure that all environmental compliance issues are addressed.

  14. In This Issue


    Composing the Curriculum For your summer reading pleasure this month's issue provides a wide range of subjects and activities. Our lead article is a tribute to a chemist-composer, Lejaren A. Hiller, Jr., as well as an examination of the interesting relationship between chemistry (and science) and music. Like Hiller, Wamser and Wamser (page 601) love both chemistry and music, and this comes through loud and clear in their historical perspective on Hiller's work. Much of the rest of the issue impinges on the chemistry curriculum in one form or another. Rettich, Bailey, Frank, and Frick (page 638) describe an integrated first- and second-year curriculum being developed at Illinois Wesleyan University that includes all subdisciplines of chemistry. They describe ways to teach topics such as acids and bases so that the perspectives of (for example) organic and inorganic chemistry are integrated and contemporaneous. Those contemplating a popular reform, group work or cooperative learning, will be interested in Birk and Kurtz's program (page 615) for training teaching assistants using cooperative learning. Surely TAs who have participated in cooperative groups to develop their own techniques for handling discussion and lab sessions will be able to use group learning to better advantage. Several years ago the ACS Division of Chemical Education set up a Task Force on the General Chemistry Curriculum. With support from the National Science Foundation and others, the task force has been quite active. In addition to the summative reports published here (pages 617-636) on four areas in which general chemistry teaching can be improved, they have contributed many Forum columns in earlier issues of the Journal and have published much of their work in New Directions for General Chemistry: A Resource for Curricular Change; Baird W. Lloyd, ed. Our current approach to teaching electron configurations of the atoms is largely based on quantum theory Because of the mathematics required

  15. JPRS Report, Proliferation Issues


    competence in handling delicate and agricultral projects, medical research, sterilizing issues. tools, and digging oilfields. Electricity Minister Engineer ...CONTENTS 21 October 1992 [This report contains foreign media information on issues related to worldwide proliferation and transfer activities in built by shipping plutonium through the Strait of Malacca, For- the year 2006 to meet the soaring electricity demand, eign Ministry officials said

  16. Medical Issues in Adoption

    ... Teaching Kids to Be Smart About Social Media Medical Issues in Adoption KidsHealth > For Parents > Medical Issues in Adoption Print A A A What's ... some things to know about the health and medical care of an adopted child, before, during, and ...

  17. Editorial Introduction - Issue 5

    Emily Lynema


    Full Text Available Welcome to the 5th issue of the Code4Lib Journal. We've come a long way in just over a year! We hope you take a few minutes to celebrate those accomplishments with us as you explore issue 5 and read about the innovations, ideas, and experiences shared there. Let's learn from each other.

  18. Ethical issues in genetics.

    Shannon, T A


    The first section of the Notes on Moral Theology reviews ethical issues in genetics through the lenses of privacy-confidentiality; risk-benefit analysis in relation to prenatal diagnosis and gene therapy; and freedom-determinism/human dignity in the context of cloning. The author provides an overview of developments in genetics and highlights thematic issues common to these developments.

  19. Navigating "thorny" issues

    Hutchinson, Kashema; Gilbert, Aderinsola; Malyukova, Anna


    In their article Mindfulness and discussing ` thorny' issues in the classroom Konstantinos Alexakos et al. (Cult Stud Sci Educ, 2016. doi: 10.1007/s11422-015-9718-0) describe "thorny" issues as "difficult topics to discuss because they are more personal to some perhaps even cause pain and violence." As women from different backgrounds, we engage in a metalogue, which expands on our thoughts and emotions the thorny issues evoked. Our discussion is grounded in theoretical frameworks of mindfulness, wellness, and safe space for learning. We also reflect on our experiences of facing some of the thorny issues in our academic and personal lives. Having trust and respect for one another and being aware of thorny issues allows for a meaningful conversation about the complexity and nuances involved in discussing difficult topics in a classroom setting.

  20. Understanding Pregnancy and Birth Issues

    ... Navigation Bar Home Current Issue Past Issues Understanding Pregnancy and Birth Issues Past Issues / Winter 2008 Table ... turn Javascript on. What is a High-Risk Pregnancy? All pregnancies involve a certain degree of risk ...

  1. PREFACE: CEWQO Topical Issue CEWQO Topical Issue

    Bozic, Mirjana; Man'ko, Margarita


    by Adam et al. In the paper by V Man'ko et al the diagonal representation of the density operator (usually called P-function of Glauber-Sudarshan) is related to the star-product quantization method and to the tomographic-probability representation of quantum states. Laskowski et al suggest an elegant geometrical criterion for the separability, which is based on the local correlation measurements readily available in the laboratory. Mizrahi describes a method to derive the Pauli-Schrödinger equation starting from a simple model of a qubit carried by a massive particle. By analyzing unavoidable quantum losses as they appear in neutron phase-echo and spin rotation experiments, Rauch concludes that basic quantum irreversibility exists in neutron interferometry. Rauch also shows how entanglement effects in a single particle system demonstrate quantum contextuality, and then argues that a quantum system carries much more information than is usually extracted. Kupczynski advocates various statistical tests which could be used to search for a fine structure in experimental data in order to answer the question: is quantum theory predictably complete? For an ion confined within a Paul trap, Mihalcea constructs an invariant operator based on the Lews and Riesenfeld approach and determines the spectrum of the quasienergy operator. Popov et al construct pair-coherent states of the Barut-Girardello kind for two noninteracting subsystems of pseudoharmonic oscillators and examine their statistical properties in different regions of parameters. The property of entanglement, considered to be the most intriguing property of composite quantum systems, has been an important research subject in recent years. It is considered to be a possible resource for quantum computation and communication. Therefore, a substantial number of papers in this topical issue is devoted to entanglement. Leon et al write that two-photon emission from two atoms initially excited in a common electromagnetic

  2. Challenges to Issues of Balance and Representativeness in African Lexicography

    Thapelo Joseph Otlogetswe


    Full Text Available

    Abstract: Modern dictionaries depend on corpora of different sizes and types for frequency listings, concordances and collocations, illustrative sentences and grammatical information. With the help of computer software, retrieving such information has increasingly become relatively easy. However, the quality of retrieved information for lexicographic purposes depends on the information input at the stage of corpus construction. If corpora are not representative of the different language usages of a speech community, they may prove to be unreliable sources of lexicographic information. There are, however, issues in African languages which make many African corpora questionable. These issues include a lack of texts of different genres, the unavailability of balanced and representative written texts, a complete absence of spoken texts as well as literacy problems in African societies. This article therefore explores the different challenges to the construction of reliable corpora in African languages. It argues that African languages face peculiar challenges and corpus research may require a different treatment compared to European and American corpus research. It finally concludes that issues of balance and representativeness appear theoretically impossible when looking at the results of sociolinguistic research on the different existing language varieties which are difficult to represent accurately in a corpus.


    Opsomming: Uitdagings betreffende kwessies van balans en verteenwoordigendheidin Afrikaleksikografie. Moderne woordeboeke steun op korpusse vanverskillende groottes en soorte vir frekwensielyste, konkordansies en kollokasies, voorbeeldsinneen taalkundige inligting. Met die hulp van

  3. Assessment of Issue Handling Efficiency

    Luijten, B.; Visser, J.; Zaidman, A.


    We mined the issue database of GNOME to assess how issues are handled. How many issues are submitted and resolved? Does the backlog grow or decrease? How fast are issues resolved? Does issue resolution speed increase or decrease over time? In which subproject are issues handled most efficiently? To

  4. Assessment of Issue Handling Efficiency

    Luijten, B.; Visser, J.; Zaidman, A.


    We mined the issue database of GNOME to assess how issues are handled. How many issues are submitted and resolved? Does the backlog grow or decrease? How fast are issues resolved? Does issue resolution speed increase or decrease over time? In which subproject are issues handled most efficiently? To

  5. Special issue: Plasma Conversion

    Nozaki, T.; Bogaerts, A.; Tu, X.; van de Sanden, M. C. M.


    With growing concern of energy and environmental issues, the combination of plasma and heterogeneous catalysts receives special attention in greenhouse gas conversion, nitrogen fixation and hydrocarbon chemistry. Plasma gas conversion driven by renewable electricity is particularly important for the

  6. Research Article Special Issue


    May 15, 2016 ... entity which has various aims and uses various designs and plans to ... which exists in distribution systems, the possibility of error detection and its restoration .... To examine the issue of mobile agents security, two concepts ...

  7. Gambling: A Consumer Issue?

    Makela, Carole J.; Tucker, Suzanne


    Focuses upon gambling, the twelfth largest industry in the United States, and its impact on families. Discusses the history of gambling, the cost of gambling, and the growth of lotteries. Suggests issues for consumer professionals to explore. (JOW)

  8. Pregnancy and Reproductive Issues

    ... Relationships Pregnancy Share this page Facebook Twitter Email Pregnancy and Reproductive Issues Tahirah Diagnosed in 2003 Pregnancy ... in control groups without the disease. Effects of pregnancy on MS Before 1950, most women with MS ...

  9. Environmental Compliance Issue Coordination

    An order to establish the Department of Energy (DOE) requirements for coordination of significant environmental compliance issues to ensure timely development and consistent application of Departmental environmental policy and guidance

  10. Research Article Special Issue


    Jul 17, 2016 ... Work environment in the organization is one of important issues that ... and their help we can create environments to help resolve problems in the workplace and ..... Entrepreneurship: 101 creative problem solving techniques.

  11. Ethical issues in immunisation.

    Isaacs, David; Kilham, Henry; Leask, Julie; Tobin, Bernadette


    Discussions about current and future immunisation programmes raise novel questions about familiar ethical issues. Two sets of ethical issues dominate these discussions. The first is the issue of compulsory immunisation: what should be done about parents who fail to immunise their children? The second is: given competing demands on health care budgets, how should principles of justice in access and distribution inform vaccination programmes? This paper considers these two issues in the light of traditional ethical principles. With respect to the first, we argue that compulsion is justified only in cases in which we know with practical certainty that parental failure to immunise puts their own child or other children at high risk of severe illness. We also argue that the state should compensate those who suffer vaccine-related injury. With respect to the second, we claim that allocating resources according to health care need requires establishing priorities between public health programmes such as immunisation and other treatment programmes.

  12. Medical Issues: Nutrition

    ... support & care > living with sma > medical issues > nutrition Nutrition Good nutrition is essential to health and growth. ... must make decisions based on their own needs. Nutrition Considerations Since we are still waiting for clinical ...

  13. Osteogenesis Imperfecta Issues: Constipation

    OI Issues: Constipation 804 W. Diamond Ave., Ste. 210 Gaithersburg, MD 20878 (800) 981-2663 (301) 947-0083 Fax: (301) 947- ... a cure, education, awareness, and mutual support. Introduction Constipation is a problem for some people with osteogenesis ...

  14. La mise en conformité de la comptabilité financière bancaire : la clé d'un système bancaire et financier sécurisé et du crédit bancaire sans intérêt

    Porcheron, Marc; Voltzenlogel, Fabienne


    La crise financière débutée en 2007 trouve son origine dans les défauts de paiement des emprunteurs, qui ont entrainé des pertes pour les banques et les investisseurs, dont les créances sur les emprunteurs et les titres représentatifs de ces créances ont été dépréciés. Nous montrons que ces créances sur les emprunteurs sont représentées dans les bilans bancaires uniquement du fait d’un traitement comptable non conforme du crédit bancaire et constituent des créances fictives. Il en résulte que...

  15. KSC Electrostatic Discharge (ESD) Issues

    Buhler, Charles


    Discussion of key electrostatic issues that have arisen during the past few years at KSC that the Electrostatics Laboratory has studied. The lab has studied in depth the Space Shuttle's Thermal Control System Blankets, the International Space Station Thermal Blanket, the Pan/Tilt Camera Blankets, the Kapton Purge Barrier Curtain, the Aclar Purge Barrier Curtain, the Thrust Vector Controller Blankets, the Tyvek Reaction Control System covers, the AID-PAK and FLU-9 pyro inflatable devices, the Velostat Solid Rocket Booster mats, and the SCAPE suits. In many cases these materials are insulating meaning that they might be a source of unsafe levels of electrostatic discharge (ESD). For each, the lab provided in-depth testing of each material within its current configuration to ensure that it does not cause an ESD concern that may violate the safety of the astronauts, the workers and equipment for NASA. For example the lab provides unique solutions and testing such as Spark Incendivity Testing that checks whether a material is capable of generating a spark strong enough to ignite a flammable gas. The lab makes recommendations to changes in specifications, procedures, and material if necessary. The lab also consults with a variety of non-safety related ESD issues for the agency.

  16. Science and technology review, September 1998 issue

    Smart, J


    This issue focuses on monitoring the Comprehensive Test Ban Treaty. A feature article on the history of the Laboratory is also included. Other articles highlight X-ray laser technology and the ground testing of microsatellites that emulates the free-floating environment of actual space flight

  17. Volume 4, Issue 1

    Karen Nelson


    Full Text Available This issue showcases a rich variety of first year issues reported from an assortment of national and international settings.  In the Feature, Professor Phil Long (University of Queensland and Associate Professor Shane Dawson (University of South Australia share their views about the issues and challenges associated with learning analytics.  Reflecting the adage from last century that successful student engagement is the result of a combination of warmth and challenge the articles and practice reports focus on both the cognitive challenge  (e.g., assessment, forms of knowledge, distance learning, research skills, peer learning, etc. and the affective warmth (e.g., help-seeking, collaboration, identity development etc. aspects of student behaviour.

  18. Volume 7 Issue 2

    Tracy Creagh


    Full Text Available The continuing interest and commitment to improving the student experience in the tertiary sector was reflected in yet another successful Students, Transitions, Achievement, Retention and Success (STARS Conference recently held in Perth, Western Australia (June 29-July 2, 2016.  As is customary, this issue of the journal publishes the top research papers selected via a peer review process and the top Emerging Initiatives selected by the Conference Committee.  As well, a Good Practice Report was selected for this issue.  The Invited Feature in this issue republishes an article from Professor Sally Kift, President of the Australian Learning and Teaching Fellows (and one of the Editors of Student Success. The statement draws on and is representative of the national reaction to the closure of the OLT, highlighting the substantial role it has played in developing and disseminating innovation and good practice in tertiary teaching and learning.

  19. Year 2000 commercial issues

    Kratz, M.P.J.; Booth, R.T. [Bennett Jones, Calgary, AB (Canada)


    This presentation focused on commercial aspects of the Y2K including: (1) special communication issues, (2) outsourcing transactions, (3) joint ventures and the significance for the oil and gas industry, and (4) contingency planning. Communication issues involve interaction with suppliers and vendors of critical systems, liability for Y2K communications (misrepresentation, defamation, promissory estoppel, statutory liability), securities disclosure (Canadian and US SEC requirements), protected communications, protection for Year 2000 statements. Outsourcing problems highlighted include resistance of suppliers to assume responsibility for Y2K problem remediation, factors which support and negate supplier responsibility, scope of suppliers` obligation, and warranties in respect of third party software. Regarding joint ventures, questions concerning limitations on liability, supply warranties, stand-by arrangements, stockpiling inventory, indemnities, confidentiality, operator compensation versus operator risk, and insurance were raised and addressed. Among contingency planning issues the questions of Y2K legal audit, and disclosure aspects of contingency planning were the featured concerns. figs.

  20. Nuclear power plant safety related pump issues

    Colaccino, J.


    This paper summarizes of a number of pump issues raised since the Third NRC/ASME Symposium on Valve and Pump Testing in 1994. General issues discussed include revision of NRC Inspection Procedure 73756, issuance of NRC Information Notice 95-08 on ultrasonic flow meter uncertainties, relief requests for tests that are determined by the licensee to be impractical, and items in the ASME OM-1995 Code, Subsection ISTB, for pumps. The paper also discusses current pump vibration issues encountered in relief requests and plant inspections - which include smooth running pumps, absolute vibration limits, and vertical centrifugal pump vibration measurement requirements. Two pump scope issues involving boiling water reactor waterlog and reactor core isolation cooling pumps are also discussed. Where appropriate, NRC guidance is discussed.


    Amy J.C.TRAPPEY; Fataneh Taghaboni DUTTA; Kai-Ying CHEN


    @@ This special issue of Journal of Systems Science and Systems Engineering recognizes the contributions of authors and participants in the 16th ISPE International Conference on Concurrent Engineering (CE2009), 2009 ASME International Manufacturing - Science and Engineering Conference (MSEC) and 2009 IEEE International Conference on Systems, Man and Cybernetics. Among related papers presented in these conferences, the guest editors have selectively identified and invited the authors to re-write and extend their works to full-length papers for re-submission to the special issue.

  2. Ethical issues and Huntington's disease.

    Kromberg, Jennifer G R; Wessels, Tina-Marié


    The practice of genetic counselling gives rise to many ethical dilemmas, and counsellors need to be familiar with the principles of biomedical ethics. The primary principles include respect for autonomy, beneficence, non-maleficence and justice. A case of identical twins at 50% risk for Huntington's disease, in which only one twin sought predictive testing for this dominantly inherited disease, created several ethical dilemmas. Another case where predictive testing was carried out on two young children, at high risk, by a laboratory at the request of an adoption agency and a doctor, with a view to giving information to the foster parents, also posed many ethical conundrums for the counsellor. The ethical issues that arose in these cases are discussed in this paper. 

  3. About this issue

    Diane Mulligan


    Full Text Available I am delighted to have been asked to be the consulting editor for this special issue on disability and diversity. It covers a range of interesting articles that are relevant for anybody working in community eye health specifically, as well as in the health sector generally.

  4. A dividing issue

    Gamborg, Christian; Jensen, Frank Søndergaard; Sandøe, Peter


    . While there was broad agreement across all three groups that recreational hunting of naturally occurring “surplus” wildlife is acceptable, the release of farm-reared game birds for shooting was a dividing issue, both within the groups and between them. The majority of participants (51%) in the survey...

  5. Algeria: Current Issues


    exports and a concomitant drop in revenues. An International Monetary Fund (IMF) evaluation in December 2010 concluded that the government’s expansionary ... Policy , coordinated by John Rollins. President Bouteflika’s tenure has produced an energized foreign policy . Strains in ties with neighboring Morocco...Issues for U.S. Policy ............................................................................................................3 Background

  6. Introduction: The Transparency Issue

    Teurlings, J.; Stauff, M.


    Besides giving an overview on the individual contributions, this introduction to the special issue on transparency delineates a conceptual context for a critical analysis of the contemporary discourse on transparency and the media mechanisms related to it. It focuses on three ambivalences inherent t

  7. Structuralist Performance Issue.

    Kirby, Michael, Ed.


    Defining structuralism as an unannounced aesthetic movement that involves not only the theatre but all arts, this journal issue focuses on structuralist performance. The nine articles provide information on the following topics: the French theatre group, Atelier Theatre et Musique; "Tell Me," a play by Guy de Cointet; patterning in "Five…

  8. Workplace Diversity Issues.


    This document contains three symposium papers on workplace diversity issues. "Expanding Theories of Career Development: Adding the Voices of African American Women in the White Academy" (Mary V. Alfred) questions the validity of existing career development models for women and minority groups and examines the professional development of five…

  9. JPRS Report, Proliferation Issues


    All information has been obtained from foreign radio and television broadcasts, news agency transmissions, newspapers , books, and periodicals. Items...COMMERCE 8NATIONAL TECHNICAL INFORMATION SERVICE ’TIC Q.,’U ’ SPRINGFIELD, VA. 22161 PROLIFERATION ISSUES JPRS-TND-92-023 CONTENTS 16 July 1992 [This...Experts To Tour Azerbaijan ........................................................................................ 12 To Conduct Biochemical Analysis

  10. Introduction to special issue

    Ph.H.B.F. Franses (Philip Hans); R. Eisinga (Rob)


    textabstractIntroduces a series of articles on the analysis of cross sections. Issues involved in the analysis of time-series-cross-section (TSCS) data; Modeling of spatial effects, heterogeneity and TSCS data; Use of the Markov chain Monte Carlo and non-linear least-square methods for ecological in

  11. issue 4 2008.indb

    Cervical cancer is caused by a virus called Human Papilloma. Virus (HPV) ... protecting against the most common cancer causing HPV types (HPV 16 and 18), and one ..... is not just a woman's issue; men should also play a supportive role as ...

  12. PKI Scalability Issues

    Slagell, Adam J; Bonilla, Rafael


    This report surveys different PKI technologies such as PKIX and SPKI and the issues of PKI that affect scalability. Much focus is spent on certificate revocation methodologies and status verification systems such as CRLs, Delta-CRLs, CRS, Certificate Revocation Trees, Windowed Certificate Revocation, OCSP, SCVP and DVCS.

  13. International Issues in Education

    Ruggeri, Kai; Diaz, Carmen; Kelley, Karl; Papousek, Ilona; Dempster, Martin; Hanna, Donncha


    Anxiety, negative attitudes, and attrition are all issues presented in the teaching of statistics to undergraduates in research-based degrees regardless of location. Previous works have looked at these obstacles, but none have consolidated a multilingual, multinational effort using a consistent method. Over 400 Spanish-, English-, and…

  14. JPRS Report, Proliferation Issues


    meeting the government after reports that theCarlos Sofia and Carlos Machado , both national depu- United States, New Zealand, Australia and other...criticized the German Government for refusing to issue warth Gunther chairman of the Humanitarian Assis - the necessary export licenses to complete the

  15. Structuralist Performance Issue.

    Kirby, Michael, Ed.


    Defining structuralism as an unannounced aesthetic movement that involves not only the theatre but all arts, this journal issue focuses on structuralist performance. The nine articles provide information on the following topics: the French theatre group, Atelier Theatre et Musique; "Tell Me," a play by Guy de Cointet; patterning in "Five…

  16. Ethical issues in physiotherapy

    Præstegaard, Jeanette; Gard, Gunvor


    Background: An important aspect of physiotherapy professional autonomy is the ethical code of the profession, both collectively and for the individual member of the profession. The aim of this study is to explore and add additional insight into the nature and scope of ethical issues as they are u......Background: An important aspect of physiotherapy professional autonomy is the ethical code of the profession, both collectively and for the individual member of the profession. The aim of this study is to explore and add additional insight into the nature and scope of ethical issues......: The ideal of being beneficent toward the patient. Here, the ethical issues uncovered in the interviews were embedded in three code-groups: 1) ethical issues related to equality; 2) feeling obligated to do one's best; and 3) transgression of boundaries. Conclusions: In an ethical perspective, physiotherapy...... in private practice is on a trajectory toward increased professionalism. Physiotherapists in private practice have many reflections on ethics and these reflections are primarily based on individual common sense arguments and on deontological understandings. As physiotherapy by condition is characterized...

  17. Research Article Special Issue


    May 15, 2016 ... and accountable government and policy makers always a problem for any society is ... administrative reforms with the help of laws and regulations and the actions of other countries ... social, political, historical and economic issues and it is common in ... Employment system duck base on qualification. 3.

  18. Research Article Special Issue


    May 15, 2016 ... This research aims to study the issue of supply chain network ... company. In this paper, by considering effective factors of the chain we try to develop a comprehensive ...... mortar” retailing: The static case. European Journal of ...

  19. Maritime logistics: contemporary issues

    Song, D.W; Panayides, P.M


    ... in business and for study and research. This book is the first of its kind, adopting the innovative approach of dealing with the overlap between shipping, ports and logistics and covering the current issues having a significant impact on the industry...

  20. Ethical issues in biotechnology.

    Polkinghorne, J C


    New ethical questions have arisen from our ability to intervene in the structure of the genome. Responsible use of this technique requires ethical evaluation in which experts, potential beneficiaries and the general public should all participate. The examples of genetically modified food and of human genetics help to illustrate the issues involved.

  1. Attitudes to Educational Issues: Development of an Instrument.

    Lemke, Jay L.; And Others

    To obtain a test which could be used for the collection, analysis, and interpretation of data on teachers' attitudes toward contemporary educational issues, the Attitudes to Educational Issues instrument (AEI) was developed. Statements were written in five-choice Likert format to express attitudes toward these six educational issues: (1)…

  2. On controversial statistical issues in clinical research

    Chow SC


    Full Text Available Shein-Chung Chow,1 Fuyu Song2 1Duke University School of Medicine, Durham, NC, USA; 2Peking University Clinical Research Institute, Peking University Health Science Center, Beijing, People's Republic of China Abstract: In clinical development of a test treatment under investigation, clinical trials are often conducted for evaluation of safety and efficacy of the test treatment. To provide an accurate and reliable assessment, adequate and well-controlled clinical trials using valid study designs are necessarily conducted for obtaining substantial evidence of safety and efficacy of the test treatment under investigation. In practice, however, some debatable issues are commonly encountered regardless compliance with good statistics practice and good clinical practice. These issues include, but are not limited to: 1 appropriateness of statistical hypotheses for clinical investigation; 2 correctness of power analysis assumptions; 3 integrity of randomization and blinding; 4 post hoc endpoint selection; 5 impact of protocol amendments on the characteristics of the trial population; 6 multiplicity in clinical trials; 7 missing data imputation; 8 adaptive design methods; and 9 independence of a data monitoring committee. In this article, these issues are briefly described. The impact of these issues on the evaluation of the safety and efficacy of the test treatment under investigation are discussed with examples whenever applicable. Some recommendations regarding possible resolutions of these issues are also provided. Keywords: data safety monitoring committee, endpoint selection, integrity of blinding, missing data imputation, multiplicity, protocol amendment, two-stage adaptive designs

  3. Advertising in This Issue


    If you would like additional information about the products of the advertisers in this issue, the quickest and easiest way is via JCE Online's new service: Ad Index This will take you to the list of advertisers, each conveniently linked to their home page. To get advertising information via mail, fax, or email, refer to the top portion of the Readers Service Card inserted in the print issue. Whatever method of communication you use, be sure to mention to advertisers that you saw their ad in the Journal of Chemical Education. Advertising Representative McNeill Group, Inc. · 301 Oxford Valley Road, Suite 804 Yardley, PA 19067 · phone: 215/321-9662 or 800/275-5084 fax: 215/321-9636; email:

  4. Colombia: Issues for Congress


    studied at the University of Kansas and Harvard University , and the London School of Economics. Colombia: Issues for Congress Congressional Research...30, 2010, at historia /14953. 22 Camila Osorio, “Esta Es la Cara de la Legislatura que Se Posesiona Hoy,” La Silla Vací, July 19, 2010, at historia /16740; “New Congress Grants Santos Huge Majority,” Latin American Weekly Report

  5. Issues of English Globalization



    In this essay, the complexity of the present situation of world Englishes, comments on the spread of the language, de-bate over standardized variants in English and the pedagogical implication relating to what types of English should be taught will be discussed. The expansion of English in China is then analyzed concerning issues such as attitudes towards local variety, desirable teaching models, and future adjustment.

  6. Myanmar; Selected Issues

    International Monetary Fund


    This Selected Issues paper analyzes how Myanmar can manage its natural resources for people’s development. Myanmar’s natural resource endowments provide much needed national wealth to finance the country’s development. Given Myanmar’s low tax revenue, mobilizing resource revenues is particularly important in the current macroeconomic environment of widening fiscal and current account deficits, inflationary pressures and exchange rate depreciation. The government should consider revisi...

  7. Symmetry issue in Galileons

    Momeni, Davood


    The symmetry issue for Galileons has been studied. In particular we address scaling (conformal) and Noether symmetrized Galileons. We have been proven a series of theorems about the form of Noether conserved charge (current) for irregular (not quadratic) dynamical systems. Special attentions have been made on Galileons. We have been proven that for Galileons always is possible to find a way to "symmetrized" Galileo's field .

  8. Ukraine; Selected Issues


    This Selected Issues paper investigates the economic importance of institutions in Ukraine, and attempts to quantify the potential benefits of market-friendly structural reforms. The paper reviews some of the key findings of the development-accounting literature, which has tried to explain the significant differences in income that persist across countries. It introduces the stochastic-frontier approach, outlining its key assumptions and strengths, and results obtained with the stochastic-fro...

  9. JPRS Report, Environmental Issues


    Minister Issues ’Strong Warning’ on Gill Nets [Johannesburg Radio 18 Oct] 11 Health Minister on Plan for Protection of Ozone Layer [SAPA 18 Oct...government for Finnish beer, Scotch whisky , and Finnish meatballs. The hosts proudly displayed their state-of-the-art gadgets. Scientists who had...No one expects a breakthrough at the conference that would lead to swift actions to benefit the Baltic. Of the Baltic countries, Estonia and Latvia

  10. Ethical issues in publication.

    Hamblet, J L


    Nurses usually publish to disseminate pertinent information and research findings. Their articles and textbooks promote quality patient care and sound professional practice. Nurses may also publish to meet requirements for academic promotion and professional advancement. Ethical issues play a part in any phase of writing for publication. Veracity, justice, beneficence, and nonmaleficence are four of the ethical principles that pertain to aspects of authorship, peer review, and research in publication.

  11. Wireless ATM : handover issues

    Jiang, Fan; Käkölä, Timo


    Basic aspects of cellular systems and the ATM transmission technology are introduced. Wireless ATM is presented as a combination of radio ATM and mobile ATM. Radio ATM is a wireless extension of an ATM connection while mobile ATM contains the necessary extensions to ATM to support mobility. Because the current ATM technology does not support mobility, handover becomes one of the most important research issues for wireless ATM. Wireless ATM handover requirements are thus analysed. A handover s...

  12. Colombia: Issues for Congress


    government has made in improving security conditions in Colombia, some Members of Congress have expressed concerns about labor activist killings and the para... Sistemas de Información de Población Desplazada,” July 31, 2006. 70 Department of State Bureau of Population, Refugees, and Migration, “Refugee Admissions...agreement are concerned about the status of labor rights in Colombia, as well as the ongoing para-political scandal. An issue of contention is the

  13. Accelerating News Issue 2

    Kahle, K; Wildner, E


    In this summer issue we look at how developments in collimator materials could have applications in aerospace and beyond, and how Polish researchers are harnessing accelerators for medical and industrial uses. We see how the LHC luminosity upgrade is linking with European industry and US researchers, and how the neutrino oscillation community is progressing. We find out the mid-term status of TIARA-PP and how it is mapping European accelerator education resources.

  14. Introduction to Special Issue


    This special issue presents the Italian approach to planned interventions by the Government and public institutions to counteract disability and handicap.Analysis of the provisions and laws which have followed on in time highlight the diversity between two types of approach:one that only considers physical or mental disability and one that also takes into consideration,besides these limitations,aspects linked to the social participation and integration of people with disabilities.

  15. JPRS Report, Proliferation Issues


    TECHNICAL INFORMATION SERVICE SPRINGFIELD, VA 22161 PROLIFERATION ISSUES JPRS-TND-93-011 CONTENTS 23 April 1993 [This report contains foreign media ...likely after the U.N. Security [Text] Pyongyang, April 17 (KCNA)-Mass media of the Council adopts its first resolution against Pyongyang United States...his interview to the ARGUMENTY I FAKTY upon the path of confrontation and violence . We do not weekly President Leonid Kravchuk dismissed reports want

  16. ECMR’13 Special Issue

    Andrade-Cetto, Juan; Frese, Udo; Moritz, Tenorth


    This special issue contains extended versions of the best papers from the 6th European Conference on Mobile Robots (ECMR). ECMR is a biennial European forum, internationally open, that allows roboticists throughout Europe to become acquainted with the latest research accomplishments and innovations in mobile robotics and mobile human–robot systems. ECMR covers most aspects of mobile robotics research and machine intelligence, including (but not limited to) the following topics: multi-sensor f...

  17. Euthanasia: the legal issues.

    Chaloner, C; Sanders, K

    The legal status of euthanasia is frequently deliberated. It remains unlawful in Britain and advocates for a change in the law are vigorously opposed by those who argue that it should remain unchanged. An objective account, in which current law and arguments for and against change are exposed, is essential to inform the euthanasia debate. In this article the legal issues concerning euthanasia are examined and arguments raised by proposed changes in the law are considered.

  18. JPRS Report, Proliferation Issues


    requires export licenses for the following goods: "non- ferrous metals and ores, berlite, red tufa, Russia To Search Baltic granite, marble, brandy...responsibility for chemical weapons arose. On 19 Feb- became a trump card for the Ukrainian nationalists ruary 1992 the Russian president issued a decree to when...exported 84 tonnes of pipes made of Rhein-Bayern Fahrzeugbau, Kaufbeuren, igniters. an aluminum alloy to Iraq, enough to build 6,000 molec- ular pumps

  19. Due diligence issues report



    The administrative and regulatory issues associated with offshore oil and gas exploration and development in British Columbia were discussed with reference to the creation of a management framework that would ensure that resource development occurs in a socially responsible manner. Provincial governments have jurisdiction over resource management, including intra-provincial trade, commerce and environmental issues within their borders. The federal government has control over resources, subsoil and the seabed out to 200 miles beyond the baseline. The federal government also regulates Frontier Lands, which are divided into Non-Accord and Accord areas. In Accord areas such as Newfoundland and Nova Scotia, oil and gas development is managed by the respective Offshore Petroleum Board. Currently, the British Columbia offshore is a Non-Accord area subject to the administration of Federal legislation. Environmental and regulatory issues were also discussed, along with regional equity, benefits planning, equity versus efficiency, proactivity, and public consultation. It was concluded that there is no scientific, technical or environmental barriers that would prevent the socially responsible development of British Columbia's offshore. There is also much evidence from other jurisdictions that indicates that British Columbia and Canada would benefit from prudent development of offshore oil and gas resources. refs., tabs., figs.

  20. Issues in waste combustion

    Gustavsson, Lennart; Robertson, Kerstin; Tullin, Claes [Swedish National Testing and Research Inst., Boraas (Sweden); Sundquist, Lena; Wrangensten, Lars [AaF-Energikonsult AB, Stockholm (Sweden); Blom, Elisabet [AaF-Processdesign AB, Stockholm (Sweden)


    The main purpose of this review is to provide an overview of the state-of-the-art on research and development issues related to waste combustion with relevance for Swedish conditions. The review focuses on co-combustion in grate and fluidised bed furnaces. It is primarily literature searches in relevant databases of scientific publications with to material published after 1995. As a complement, findings published in different report series, have also been included. Since the area covered by this report is very wide, we do not claim to cover the issues included completely and it has not been possitile to evaluate the referred studies in depth. Basic knowledge about combustion issues is not included since such information can be found elsewhere in the literature. Rather, this review should be viewed as an overview of research and development in the waste-to-energy area and as such we hope that it will inspire scientists and others to further work in relevant areas.

  1. Editorial, Volume 5, Issue 1

    Kristy L. Archuleta


    Full Text Available Welcome to Volume 5, Issue 1 of the Journal of Financial Therapy! In this issue, four scholarly papers are presented along with two profiles and a book review. These four papers address very important issues, such as mental health therapists’ competency in working with financial issues, financial stress of college students, parental messages about money, and financial advice media.

  2. Urban Transportation: Issue and Solution

    Haryati Shafii


    Full Text Available Generally, quality of life of urban population is heavily dependent on social facilities provided within the environment. One of the most important facilities is transportations. Study on transportation mode in an urban area is especially very important because for almost every individual living in a large and densely populated area, mobility is one of the most crucial issues in everyday life. Enhance mobility, faster journey to work and less pollution from petrol-propelled vehicles can increase the quality of life, which in turn lead to a sustainable urban living. The study present transportation mode usage issues faced by community related to quality of life in an urban area. This study identifies several issues of transportation mode in urban areas and its impact on the quality of life. The study areas are Putrajaya, Kuala Lumpur and Bandar Kajang, Selangor. The methodology used in this research is secondary and primary data. The questionnaires for the survey were distributed from May 2008 to Jun 2008. These researches were conducted on 144 respondents for to evaluate their perception of transportation mode correlated to the quality of life. The collected data were then analyzed using “Statistical Packages for the Social Science” (SPSS. The respondents comprise of 61 males and 84 females from the age group of 18 to 57 years. This study identifies the percentage of public transportation mode usage in urban area, such as buses (16.7%, train (ERL, monorail and commuter-6.4%; which is very low compared to owning personal car (45.8% and motorcycle (25.4%.The result shows owning personal car is the highest (45.8% in three study areas and monorail and taxi are the lowest (1.4%. The Chi Square Test shows that among the mode transportation with traffic jam is quite difference in Kuala Lumpur, Putrajaya and Kajang. Analysis of the Chi Square Test shows the result is 0.000 (two sides to respondent answering “yes” and analysis of Spearman

  3. Hospital Acquired Pneumonia: Issues in Therapy

    Lionel A Mandell


    Full Text Available In December 1992. a meeting was convened in Toronto to develop guidelines for the initial treatment of hospital acquired pneumonia. Issues considered related lo the patient. the possible drugs used for treatment, and the pathogen(s. From the perspective of the patient. the two major issues were the presence or absence of risk factors for specific microbial pathogens and the severity of illness upon clinical presentation, Criteria for defining severly ill patients were developed and are presented in this paper. Drug and pathogen related issues focused on selection of antimicrobial agents thal would provide coverage for the likely pathogens. Concern was also expressed regarding use of aminoglycosides as single-agent treatment of Gram-negative infections in the lung. and the issue of monotherapy versus combination therapy of Pseudomonas aeruginosa infections was discussed. The use of various diagnostic tests was briefly reviewed. including the protected specimen brush and bronchoalveolar lavage. Treatment regimens are presented in tabular format.

  4. Test Anxiety, Computer-Adaptive Testing and the Common Core

    Colwell, Nicole Makas


    This paper highlights the current findings and issues regarding the role of computer-adaptive testing in test anxiety. The computer-adaptive test (CAT) proposed by one of the Common Core consortia brings these issues to the forefront. Research has long indicated that test anxiety impairs student performance. More recent research indicates that…

  5. Issue 6, Editorial

    Judith Winters


    Full Text Available There has been more interest than I'd ever anticipated in issue 6 "Digital Publication", the first themed issue of Internet Archaeology - so much so that several more related articles have been submitted and will appear in issue 7! The discussion on linearity and hypertext, arising from the contributions by Cornelius Holtorf and Andre Costopoulos, also generated some serious and lengthy debate on our email discussion list intarch-interest for the first time too, and my thanks go out to all who participated - active authorship and readership in practice. Archaeologists are using the web and other electronic media more than ever now, but I believe that this is not just "because it's there". Theoretically and practically, the internet is a valuable tool for us. On the web, rather than on the printed page, we can come closer to fulfilling our concerns about dissemination, we can more easily incorporate many "voices" and facilitate the opening up of our work and our interpretations to critical inquiry, immediately and on a global scale. At the same time, the web also offers new and experimental ways of expressing and communicating our work, and the flexibility of the medium means that our information can even be layered in complexity - depth and the building up of layers and meaning are concepts that every archaeologist is familiar with after all! But there's one more reason why I think archaeology and the web should be embraced. The printed word lies at the very core of a discipline like history; archaeology, on the other hand, is made up of what we see (images, what we feel (experience, what we find (material, what we read (text - it is multimedia. So what better way to communicate all these things than in a like-minded medium?

  6. Ethical issues in nanotechnology.

    Florczyk, Stephen J; Saha, Subrata


    Nanotechnology is a rapidly developing area in science involved with manipulating matter at the atomic or molecular level. Nanotechnology is typically defined at a scale on the order of less than approximately 100 nm. Matter possesses unique properties at these size levels that are neither Newtonian nor quantum, but between the two regimes.These unique properties have created significant interest and excitement, sparking numerous research investigations. Nanotechnology is a very broad field with many current and potential applications. Some important examples of applications include battlefield activated dynamic armor clothing for soldiers, additives to sunscreens, and diagnostic laboratories on a chip to monitor general personal health. Groundbreaking capabilities often raise new questions. Any new scientific or technological development has the usual concomitant associated ethical issues, specifically regarding containment and regulation. These ethical issues are more pronounced with nanotechnology due to the sharp divide between those who see its great potential and opponents who express fears. Nanotechnology supporters believe that it has the potential to transform our lives dramatically, while opponents of nanotechnology fear that self-replicating "nanobots" could escape from laboratories and reduce all life on earth to "gray goo. "These fears have swayed generally uninformed public opinions via the media and sensational entertainment. A critical discussion of ethical issues surrounding nanotechnology, including the interaction of nanotechnology with the body and the environment--nanobiotechnology--and regulation of nanotechnology, is presented. We advocate strong, uniform regulations for nanotechnology, but only the use of regulations as needed. The limited use of regulations prevents the regulations from becoming burdensome and inhibiting research in the field.

  7. Organizational issues = change.

    Lorenzi, Nancy M; Riley, Robert T


    Information systems fail for a number of reasons. Several failure reasons include communication, complexity, organization, technology, and leadership. Failure can be outlined in four major categories: technical shortcomings, project management shortcomings, organizational issues, and the continuing information explosion. Change management is the process of assisting individuals and organizations in passing from an old way of doing things to a new way of doing things. Change management starts early in a technical process, as the need for making major changes starts at the conceptual level. This paper briefly covers the people side of implementing new information systems, and describes resistance to change and various strategies to manage technological change.

  8. Accelerating News Issue 4

    Szeberenyi, A; Wildner, E


    In this winter issue, we are very pleased to announce the approval of EuCARD-2 by the European Commission. We look at the conclusions of EUROnu in proposing future neutrino facilities at CERN, a new milestone reached by CLIC and progress on the SPARC upgrade using C-band technology. We also report on recent events: second Joint HiLumi LHC-LARP Annual Meeting and workshop on Superconducting technologies for the Next Generation of Accelerators aiming at closer collaboration with industry. The launch of the Accelerators for Society brochure is also highlighted.

  9. Ethical issues in transgenics.

    Sherlock, R; Morrey, J D


    The arguments of critics and concerns of the public on generating transgenic cloned animals are analyzed for the absence or presence of logical structure. Critics' arguments are symbolically compared with "genetic trespassing," "genetic speeding," or "going the wrong way," and responses are provided to these arguments. Scientists will be empowered to participate in the public discussion and to engage the critics on these issues as they consider thoughtful, plausible responses to their concerns. Temporary moratoriums are recognized as a plausible approach to dealing with possible concerns of new scientific advancements.

  10. JPRS Report: Proliferation Issues


    Industry (MITI) plans to hold a seminar on arms export control as early as this fall in an Asian country. The countries include Indonesia, Malaysia ...NPT BK1703072393 Kuala Lumpur BERNAMA in English 0604 GMT 17 Mar 93 [Text] Kuala Lumpur, March 17 (OANA/ BERNAMA)— Malaysia Wednesday, expressed ...JPRS-TND-93-009 29 March 1993 !■■■■! FOREIGN BROADCAST INFORMATION SERVICE JPRS Report— Proliferation Issues Sapsevsd tea ßubSa t©l©ɛ

  11. Preface JFDE Special Issue Glass

    Ulrich Knaack


    Full Text Available Facade Design and Engineering is a multidisciplinary field that touches many other scientific disciplines. Glass is one of the key materials for building envelopes, and a strong scientific community has developed over the last decade. Designers love glass for its transparency. It is strong but brittle and very demanding in terms of engineering. We continuously see new innovative developments in terms of its climatic performance, structural possibilities, construction design and new applications. Reason enough to dedicate this special issue to the topic. The issue would not have been possible without the contribution of our special editors Jan Belis and Christian Louter, who contributed through their outstanding editorial work and network. Most of the papers in this issue were carefully selected from of a number of invited submissions and conference papers of the COST Action TU0905 Mid-Term Conference, April 17+18 2013, Porec, (CRC Press/Balkema, Leiden and subsequently subjected to the regular blind review process of the journal. Glass as a building material demonstrates the nature of the architectural discipline, where science and building practice are closely linked. Buildings are the live testing bed for scientific research and, at the same time, building practice formulates new research questions. We found that many articles sent to us deal with this relation. Therefore we decided to introduce the new category ’Applied Practice’ for certain journal paper contributions, which from now on can be found at the end of each issue. Although they do not need to be purely scientific, ’Applied Practice’ papers will always discuss new developments, will have a clear structure and are subjected to the strict JFDE review process. Façade Design and Engineering is a peer reviewed, open access journal, funded by The Netherlands Organisation for Scientific Research NWO ( We see ’open access’ as the future publishing model. But it

  12. On-dit sur la formation universitaire à l’enseignement du FLES du point de vue des étudiants: étude exploratoire [Hearsay about university teacher education in FSL from a student’s point of view: exploratory study

    Morgan Le Thiec Rautureau


    Full Text Available L'article rend compte d'une étude exploratoiresur les représentations des futursenseignants de Français LangueÉtrangère et Seconde concernant leurformation (master 1 et 2 français. Nous nous intéressons particulièrement à la circulation des on-dit au sein de la formationen considérant qu'ils peuvent jouer un rôle dans la construction de l'identité professionnelle et méritent de ce fait d'être pris en compte dans le cadre même de la formation de ces enseignants.This article presents an exploratory study of rumors about French as a Second Language (FSL teaching training (master degree from the student’s point of view. We focused on the circulation of discourseamong students considering that rumors can play a role in professional identity construction, and have to be taken into accountduring training.

  13. Orbital debris issues

    Kessler, D. J.

    Orbital debris issues fall into three major topics: Environment Definition, Spacecraft Hazard, and Space Object Management. The major issue under Environment Definition is defining the debris flux for sizes smaller (10 cm in diameter) than those tracked by the North American Aerospace Defense Command (NORAD). Sources for this size debris are fragmentation of larger objects, either by explosion or collision, and solid rocket motor products. Modeling of these sources can predict fluxes in low Earth orbit which are greater than the meteoroid environment. Techniques to measure the environment in the size interval between 1 mm and 10 cm are being developed, including the use of telescopes and radar both on the ground and in space. Some impact sensors designed to detect meteoroids may have detected solid rocket motor products. Once the environment is defined, it can be combined with hypervelocity impact data and damage criteria to evaluate the Spacecraft Hazard. Shielding may be required to obtain an acceptable damage level. Space Object Management includes techniques to control the environment and the desired policy to effectively minimize the hazard to spacecraft. One control technique - reducing the likelihood of future explosions in space - has already been implemented by NASA. The effectiveness of other techniques has yet to be evaluated.




    Full Text Available The term “cloud computing” has been in the spotlights of IT specialists the last years because of its potential to transform this industry. The promised benefits have determined companies to invest great sums of money in researching and developing this domain and great steps have been made towards implementing this technology. Managers have traditionally viewed IT as difficult and expensive and the promise of cloud computing leads many to think that IT will now be easy and cheap. The reality is that cloud computing has simplified some technical aspects of building computer systems, but the myriad challenges facing IT environment still remain. Organizations which consider adopting cloud based services must also understand the many major problems of information policy, including issues of privacy, security, reliability, access, and regulation. The goal of this article is to identify the main security issues and to draw the attention of both decision makers and users to the potential risks of moving data into “the cloud”.

  15. Global Energy Issues

    Suto, M.


    The e8 is a Non-Government Organization of nine power companies from the G8 countries. It was established in 1992 to play an active role in global electricity issues and to promote sustainable energy development. The e8 is governed by the Chairmen of the member companies, who exchange their views on common themes of the year at their annual Summit meetings. At the Evian Summit in May 2006, the Chairmen discussed 'Global Energy Issues' and established a common statement of e8 commitments and recommendations as follows: (1) Optimum mix of energy supply, (2) Investment for infrastructure and demand growth, (3) Promoting sustainable energy development by sharing expertise, (4) Cooperation among electricity companies, (5) Integration and modernisation of transmission networks, (6) Inclusion of large scale-technologies under the Flexible Mechanisms, (7) International financial institutions, (8) Developments of long-term contracts in the electricity sector, (9) International Institutions - Producer and Consumer Countries, (10) Public acceptance. Guided by this statement, e8 will stride ahead toward achieving 3A's (Accessibility, Availability, Acceptability) globally. (auth)

  16. Bituminous sands : tax issues

    Patel, B. [PricewaterhouseCoopers LLP, Calgary, AB (Canada)


    This paper examined some of the tax issues associated with the production of bitumen or synthetic crude oil from oil sands. The oil sands deposits in Alberta are gaining more attention as the supplies of conventional oil in Canada decline. The oil sands reserves located in the Athabasca, Cold Lake and Peace River areas contain about 2.5 trillion barrels of highly viscous hydrocarbons called bitumen, of which nearly 315 billion barrels are recoverable with current technology. The extraction method varies for each geographic area, and even within zones and reservoirs. The two most common extraction methods are surface mining and in-situ extraction such as cyclic steam stimulation (CSS); low pressure steam flood; pressure cycle steam drive; steam assisted gravity drainage (SAGD); hot water flooding; and, fire flood. This paper also discussed the following general tax issues: bituminous sands definition; bituminous sands leases and Canadian development expense versus Canadian oil and gas property expense (COGPE); Canadian exploration expense (CEE) for surface mining versus in-situ methods; additional capital cost allowance; and, scientific research and experimental development (SR and ED). 15 refs.

  17. Clinical research: regulatory issues.

    Wermeling, D P


    The regulatory issues faced by institutions performing clinical research are described. Many institutions do not have on staff an expert who understands the regulatory issues involved in managing investigational new drug research and who knows the institution's obligations under the federal rules. Because pharmacists understand the FDA regulations that apply to the management of drugs in clinical research, institutions are asking pharmacists to expand their role and manage clinical research offices. Many authorities govern various aspects of investigational drug research. FDA has published regulations for good clinical practice (GCP), and the International Conference on Harmonisation is developing an international standard for the proper management of clinical trials. The guidelines published by the Joint Commission on Accreditation of Healthcare Organizations aim to protect patients who are in the institution to receive health care and also participate in clinical trials. The Social Security Administration Acts specifically state that only items and services that are reasonable and necessary for the diagnosis and treatment of injury or disease can be billed to the government; research-related billings are excluded from coverage. Proper management of drug research is crucial to the success of a research program that is integrated with patient care.

  18. Environmental issues in China

    Travis, P.S.


    Global concern about the environment is increasing, and the People's Republic of China (PRC) is not immune from such concerns. The Chinese face issues similar to those of many other developing nations. The US Department of Energy is particularly interested in national and world pollution issues, especially those that may infringe on other countries' economic growth and development. The DOE is also interested in any opportunities that might exist for US technical assistance and equipment in combating environmental problems. Our studies of articles in the China Daily, and English-language daily newspaper published by the Chinese government, show that population, pollution, and energy are major concerns of the Chinese Communist Party. Thus this report emphasizes the official Chinese government view. Supporting data were also obtained from other sources. Regardless of the severity of their various environmental problems, the Chinese will only try to remedy those problems with the greatest negative effects on its developing economy. They will be looking for foreign assistance, financial and informational, to help implement solutions. With the Chinese government seeking assistance, the United States has an opportunity to export basic technical information, especially in the areas of pollution control and monitoring, oil exploration methods, oil drilling technology, water and sewage treatment procedures, hazardous waste and nuclear waste handling techniques, and nuclear power plant safety procedures. In those areas the US has expertise and extensive technical experience, and by exporting the technologies the US would benefit both economically and politically. 59 refs., 3 figs.

  19. Interoperability Issues for VPN IPsec Solutions

    Iulian Danalachi


    Full Text Available An issue of testing that should be taken into consideration is the compatibility and interoperability of the IPsec components when implementing an IPsec solution. This article will guide us trough some key point introductive notions involved in the interoperability problem, we’ll see a short overview of some of these problems and afterwards we will discuss about some of the testing solutions of IPsec interoperability that we should take into consideration.

  20. Web Security Testing Cookbook

    Hope, Paco


    Among the tests you perform on web applications, security testing is perhaps the most important, yet it's often the most neglected. The recipes in the Web Security Testing Cookbook demonstrate how developers and testers can check for the most common web security issues, while conducting unit tests, regression tests, or exploratory tests. Unlike ad hoc security assessments, these recipes are repeatable, concise, and systematic-perfect for integrating into your regular test suite.

  1. Black education in South Africa: issues, problems and perspectives

    Alex Thembela


    Full Text Available In this article Professor Thembela, Vice-Chairman of the Board of Trustees, UPTTRAIL Trust*, sketches some of the issues which constitute major problems in the education of black South Africans. In the first place the discontinuity between the pupils' traditional home background and a Westernized system of education creates severe obstacles. They are aggravated by the fact that black culture is itself in transition. by the contempt with which black culture was regarded by the colonialists and by the discriminatory political practices which denied black education adequate provision. Other issues that further complicate black education are: * the second language medium of instruction which has been adopted for the purpose of securing international participation but which doubles the burden on the black learner and contributes to an appalling failure rate * the inadequate qualifications of black teachers * inadequate financing of black education * the impoverished communities from which black pupils and teachers come * the perception among many black pupils that their education is inferior * the situation of cultural, social and political conflict created by the development of black education. To remedy such a situation, intervention of an exceptional nature is needed. The UPTTRAIL project promises to provide such intervention. In hierdie artikel skets Professor Thembela, Vise-voorsitter van die Raad van Trustees, UPTTRAIL Trust, van die hoofprobleme in die swart onderwys in Suid-Afrika. In die eerste plek veroorsaak die gaping tussen die leerlinge se tradisionele huislike agtergrond en 'n verwesterse onderwysstelsel geweldige probleme. Dit word vererger deur die oorgangsfase waarin die swart kultuur homselfbevind, deur die minagting waarmee die swart kultuur deur die kolonialiste beskou is en deur die diskriminerende politieke wanpraktyke wat die swart onderwys baie ontse het. Ander sake wat swart onderwys verder kompliseer, is * die .gebruik van

  2. Drug Abuse on College Campuses: Emerging Issues. Issues in Prevention

    Higher Education Center for Alcohol, Drug Abuse, and Violence Prevention, 2012


    This "Issues in Prevention" focuses on emerging issues concerning drug abuse on college campuses. This issue contains the following articles: (1) Drug Abuse Trends; (2) Q&A With Jim Lange; (3) Bath Salts; (4) Refuse to Abuse; (5) Related Federal Resource; and (6) Higher Education Center Resources.

  3. Bioethical issues in the development of biopharmaceuticals

    Todorović Zoran


    Full Text Available Development of biopharmaceuticals is a challenging issue in bioethics. Unlike conventional, small molecular weight drugs, biopharmaceuticals are proteins derived from DNA technology and hybrid techniques with complex three dimensional structures. Immunogenicity of biopharmaceuticals should always be tested in clinical settings due to low predictive value of preclinical animal models. However, non-human primates (NHP and transgenic mice could be used to address certain aspects of immunogenicity. Substantial efforts have been made to reduce NHP use in biopharmaceutical drug development, e.g. study design improvements and changes in regulatory policy. In addition, several expert groups are active in this field (e.g. NC3Rs, BioSafe, and Biopharmaceutical Technical Group. Despite that, there is an increasing trend of use of NHP in preclinical safety testing of biopharmaceuticals, especially regarding monoclonal antibodies. Other potential bioethical issues related biopharmaceutical drug development are their cost/effectiveness ratio, clinical safety assessment, production of biosimilars, and comparison of their efficacy with placebo in countries without intention to market. Identification of the human genome has opened many new bioethical issues. Development of biopharmaceuticals is an important bioethical issue for several reasons. It connects all aspects of contemporary bioethics: bio­medicine (e.g. clinical trials in vulnerable subjects, animal welfare and the most recent ad­vances in biotechnology. In particular, biopharmaceutical drug development is a challenging issue regarding treatment of rare diseases.

  4. The challenging issues of testing and standardization in education: modern references for restructuring the philosophy of thinking and integration of Ukraine into the system of international rating PISA-2018

    G. B. Megega


    Full Text Available The European vector in the foreign policy of our state brought up a number of serious challenges for the system of domestic education. They include not only the reorganization of the philosophy of thinking, but also the conscious, objective study of the essence of our system’s entering into the so-called European standards. It would be a mistake to think that the transfer of principles, approaches, forms and methods of work from the educational systems of different countries of the world will immediately produce a positive effect. Each system has its pros and cons. Practical experience of the use of different testing and standardization methods in different countries has already revealed a number of negative trends. Despite the fact that the testing industry is on the rise, the problems of the education quality still remain unsolved. In addition, politicians and officials are constantly tempted to give education assessments based on the results of rating and monitoring studies. Consequently, the objective picture of the essence and depth of the transformations, so necessary for the modern school, has disappeared from the analysis. Moreover, the competent evaluation of the activity of the main figure of the educational process – i.e. the teacher – has not been done. Testing, in a number of cases, turns a school into a training ground for testing tools, and it makes socialization, creativity, artwork and the formation of competencies to be a secondary task. Therefore, the critical view of the experience, which has been presented in the study, will tell practitioners how to enter the system of international standards and how to evaluate without repeating other people’s mistakes. The expediency of such analysis becomes especially urgent on the eve of Ukraine’s participation in 2018 PISA testing. At the same time, one cannot help paying attention to the undeniable conclusions about the direct connection between the results of testing the

  5. Ergonomics Issues in Malaysia

    H. S. Loo


    Full Text Available Problem statement: Ergonomics so far has had little impact in Malaysia. For most Malaysian managers, ergonomics is not considered to be associated with performance, but rather with occupational health and safety and legislation. Approach: This study reviews the development of ergonomics in Malaysia and the underlying issues related to national development. Results: Many changes need to be made within the ergonomics research, education and practice community by integrating concepts from the social sciences with technological advances into Malaysian culture to enhance productivity and sustainable improvements in the quality of life, while achieving essential health and safety goals. Conclusion/Recommendation: Ergonomics helps to improve performance besides enhancing workplace OSH. It is essential to promote ergonomics concepts and practice to various industries in Malaysia. More effort and skills are required to compensate for the lack of infrastructure in providing a framework within which ergonomics recommendations can be disseminated and realized.

  6. Space radiation protection issues.

    Kronenberg, Amy; Cucinotta, Francis A


    The complex charged particle environments in space pose considerable challenges with regard to potential health consequences that can impact mission design and crew selection. The lack of knowledge of the biological effects of different ions in isolation and in combination is a particular concern because the risk uncertainties are very high for both cancer and non-cancer late effects. Reducing the uncertainties is of high priority. Two principal components of space radiation each raise different concerns. Solar particle events (SPE) occur sporadically and are comprised primarily of low- to moderate-energy protons. Galactic cosmic radiation (GCR) is isotropic and relatively invariant in dose rate. GCR is also dominated by protons, but the energy range is wider than in SPE. In addition, the contribution of other light and heavy ions to the health risks from GCR must be addressed. This paper will introduce the principal issues under consideration for space radiation protection.

  7. Methylmercury risk assessment issues

    Lipfert, F.W. [Brookhaven National Lab., Upton, NY (United States); Saroff, L. [USDOE, Washington, DC (United States)


    This paper reviews the general background of health risks associated with mercury (Hg), primarily methylmercury (MeHg), with a view towards application to advanced technologies that could reduce any contributions from coal combustion. The need for accurate assessment of such risks is discussed, since Hg is now widely dispersed in the environment and cannot easily be eliminated. The primary pathway of MeHg intake is through eating contaminated fish. The issues of concern include identification of critical health outcomes (various neurological indices) and their confounding factors, accurate assessment of MeHg intake rates, and appropriate use of dose-response functions. Ultimately, such information will be used to evaluate alternative coal combustion systems.

  8. Har du talt med dit barn i dag?

    Korsgaard, Klara Aalbæk


    Sommer er ferie og leg og samvær med børnene. Fri for skole og fri for arbejde. God tid. Men det betyder ikke nødvendigvis, at skriften skal skippes. Lad den følge med.......Sommer er ferie og leg og samvær med børnene. Fri for skole og fri for arbejde. God tid. Men det betyder ikke nødvendigvis, at skriften skal skippes. Lad den følge med....

  9. Le co-inventeur du Web nous dit

    Ungar, Christophe


    For fifty years CERN has made landmark discoveries. Since 1990, a particular idea was developed by a Belgian, Robert Cailliau in collaboration with Tim Berners-Lee. Cailliau, the co-inventor of the Web, speaks about what brought him to CERN, what he likes about Geneva, and how he uses the Web from day to day (1 page)

  10. "Dit kunnen dak- en gevelgroen voor u betekenen"

    Hop, M.E.C.M.; Hiemstra, J.A.


    Groene ruimten in de stad zijn een leverancier van diensten als het gaat om het leefbaar houden van de stad. Het traditionele groen op maaiveldniveau speelt hierin de hoofdrol. Maar specifieke stadsproblemen als zomerhitte en wateroverlast na stortbuien doen zich vooral voor in volgebouwde binnenste

  11. Die priesterskap van die gelowiges soos Calvyn dit gesien het

    A. D. Pont


    Full Text Available The priesthood of all believers as seen by Calvin The Lutheran thesis of the priesthood of all believers was also taken over by John Calvin. The position of this thesis in Calvin’s theology is examined and it is shown that Calvin does not trea t this thesis as a separate statement. A short introduction is given of the main points Calvin explores when he discusses the meaning of the thesis. In the end it is shown that Calvin developed the thesis of the universal priesthood in such a low-key form to preserve the order in the Church and the prime position of the preaching of the gospel.

  12. Propos sur les troubles dits “psychosomatiques”

    Pascal-Henri Keller

    Full Text Available L’auteur présente ici une réflexion épistémologique concernant la médecine dite “psychosomatique”. Le premier constat est celui de la disparition d’un enseignement en psychosomatique à l’institut de Chicago où il a été fondé par Franz Alexander. Le second constat est la persistance de l’utilisation du terme “facteur psychique”, et “médecine psychosomatique” alors que leur contenu, d’un point de vue scientifique, n’a toujours pas été défini. L’étonnement que provoque cette situation est abordé à partir de la démarche de Karl Popper. Les enjeux qui sont discutés dans ce contexte, sont ceux d’un changement de paradigme psychosomatique, en accord avec les nouvelles données de la méthode clinique.

  13. Système de surveillance acoustique dit CASC

    Brevet, P.


    L'auteur rassemble 23 références portant sur l'application du système de surveillance acoustique développé par le réseau des Laboratoires des Ponts et Chaussées depuis 1969. Ces références complètent les applications plus récentes du pont neuf à Foix, du viaduc de Merlebach. RAPPORT DE SYNTHESE

  14. Tipering van Wolf, wolf hoe laat is dit? (Hennie Aucamp

    T. van der Merwe


    Full Text Available Wanneer ’n abstraksie van die kenmerkc van die moderne kortverhaal gemaak word (’n genologiese begrensing dus, is kortheid, wat saamhang met enkelheid, die opvaliendste aspek. Hierdeur verkry die kortverhaal bowenal ’n hegte struktuur terwyl alle ander kenmerke van die kortverhaal ook wesentlik deur die kortheid beïnvloed word.

  15. "Dit kunnen dak- en gevelgroen voor u betekenen"

    Hop, M.E.C.M.; Hiemstra, J.A.


    Groene ruimten in de stad zijn een leverancier van diensten als het gaat om het leefbaar houden van de stad. Het traditionele groen op maaiveldniveau speelt hierin de hoofdrol. Maar specifieke stadsproblemen als zomerhitte en wateroverlast na stortbuien doen zich vooral voor in volgebouwde binnenste

  16. Integrating Mathematics and Social Issues

    Harrell, Gregory K.


    This article illustrates how to integrate mathematics with social issues. Social issues discussed in the newspaper provide a rich context for connecting mathematical activities to the real world. The sample activities focus on measurement concepts. (Contains 2 figures.)

  17. Medical and Dental Patient Issues

    ... A Ask the Experts Medical and Dental Patient Issues What's My Risk? The risks of ... developed by our topic editors for this category: Dental-Patient Issues Medical CT Reference Books and Articles ...

  18. Mental Health Issues & Down Syndrome

    ... Mental Health Issues & Down Syndrome Mental Health Issues & Down Syndrome What Are the Major Mental Health Related Concerns in Persons With Down Syndrome? At least half of all children and adults ...

  19. Launch Services Program EMC Issues

    trout, Dawn


    Presentation covers these issues: (1) Vehicles of the Launch Services Program, (2) RF Environment, (3) Common EMC Launch Vehicle Payload Integration Issues, (4) RF Sensitive Missions and (5) Lightning Monitoring,

  20. The Effect of Using Socio-Scientific Issues Approach in Teaching Environmental Issues on Improving the Students' Ability of Making Appropriate Decisions towards These Issues

    Zo'bi, Abdallah Salim


    This study aimed to identify nature of students' decisions patterns towards environmental issues and the possibility to improve these decisions during teaching process using Socio-Scientific Issues Approach. And to achieve this, the researcher prepared and developed tools of the study represented by a test of open questions focused on…

  1. CTBT technical issues handbook

    Zucca, J.J. [ed.


    The purpose of this handbook is to give the nonspecialist in nuclear explosion physics and nuclear test monitoring an introduction to the topic as it pertains to a Comprehensive Test Ban Treaty (CTBT). The authors have tried to make the handbook visually oriented, with figures paired to short discussions. As such, the handbook may be read straight through or in sections. The handbook covers four main areas and ends with a glossary, which includes both scientific terms and acronyms likely to be encountered during CTBT negotiations. The following topics are covered: (1) Physics of nuclear explosion experiments. This is a description of basic nuclear physics and elementary nuclear weapon design. Also discussed are testing practices. (2) Other nuclear experiments. This section discusses experiments that produce small amounts of nuclear energy but differ from explosion experiments discussed in the first chapter. This includes the type of activities, such as laser fusion, that would continue after a CTBT is in force. (3) Monitoring tests in various environments. This section describes the different physical environments in which a test could be conducted (underground, in the atmosphere, in space, underwater, and in the laboratory); the sources of non-nuclear events (such as earthquakes and mining operations); and the opportunities for evasion. (4) On-site inspections. A CTBT is likely to include these inspections as an element of the verification provisions, in order to resolve the nature of ambiguous events. This chapter describes some technical considerations and technologies that are likely to be useful. (5) Selecting verification measures. This chapter discusses the uncertain nature of the evidence from monitoring systems and how compliance judgments could be made, taking the uncertainties into account. It also discusses how to allocate monitoring resources, given the likelihood of testing by various countries in various environments.

  2. Implementational issues in CACSD

    Torp, Steffen; Nørgård, Peter Magnus; Christensen, Anders;


    The paper describes design considerations for a program for real-time testing of control algorithms in a laboratory environment. The algorithms are developed and tested using simulation in the MATLAB environment. The real-time code is built from the structure of the MATLAB script file using...... a matrix library with interface functions to MATLAB data files. Three real-time hardware platforms are analysed with respect to deriving a device independent program structure, facilitating portability among the three platforms and supporting portability to new platforms. The three platforms are...

  3. JPRS Report, Environmental Issues


    repeat the spring tests during the summer, to find out how the summer vaca - tion affects the children’s bodies. That would have been an excellent basis...and La Javilla, and going as far as the Loma de Siete Cabezas [Seven Heads Hill], its source, can testify that the river has been slowly dying

  4. Neoprene splinting: dermatological issues.

    Stern, E B; Callinan, N; Hank, M; Lewis, E J; Schousboe, J T; Ytterberg, S R


    Occupational therapists are expanding their use of custom and commercial soft splints fabricated from neoprene (polychloroprene), but little has been written regarding dermatological issues associated with this material. Skin contact with neoprene poses two dermatological risks: allergic contact dermatitis (ACD) and miliaria rubra (i.e., prickly heat). Allergic reaction to neoprene is generally ascribed to the accelerants used to manufacture the man-made rubber, specifically thiourea compounds and mercaptobenzothiazole (MBT). Symptoms of neoprene-related ACD include itching, skin eruptions, swelling, and hemorrhages into the skin. Miliaria rubra creates small, red, elevated, inflammatory papules and a tingling, burning sensation. Although neoprene hypersensitivity is rare, its incidence may grow as neoprene becomes a more commonly used material. It is recommended that therapists screen patients for a history of dermatological reactions to neoprene or other materials containing thiourea compounds or MBT and educate patients to discontinue splint use if dermatological symptoms develop. Therapists are also encouraged to notify splint manufacturers regarding all ACD reactions.

  5. Social Issues in Proposals


    During the annual session of the 11th National Committee of the Chinese People’s Political Consultative Conference (CPPCC) that concluded on March 14,1,992 of the total 2,236 members at the beginning of their five-year term in China’s top advisory body submitted 4,772 proposals. Members of the CPPCC National Committee put forward proposals to offer comments and suggestions on major po- litical and social issues of the country.A proposal can be raised by one member or a group of members;by one or more groups jointly;in the name of a party or non-government group that has joined the CPPCC;or in the name of a sub- committee of the CPPCC National Committee. Out of the proposals that were classified during the conference,1,863 or 41.16 percent were on economic matters;1,405 or 31.04 percent were on education,scientific research,entertainment,health care and sports;and 1,258 proposals or 27.8 percent were on legal affairs and social seeurity. During the pnst five years,the CPPCC National Committee handled over 23,000 proposals,of which 21,843 were sent to government branches in charge of the matters for solution. Following are summaries of some selected proposals.

  6. Pregnancy issues in scleroderma.

    Lidar, Merav; Langevitz, Pnina


    Systemic sclerosis is a systemic, inflammatory, autoimmune disease affecting the skin and viscera, manifesting pathologically with microvascular lesions, perivascular infiltration by mononuclear cells and increased deposition of extracellular collagen. The rarity of the disease as well as its propensity to appear in the early 1940s, explain the low frequency of concurrent scleroderma and pregnancy. However, the marked female excess, as well as the trend for increasing maternal age due to social change and assisted reproductive technologies, renders heightened significance to issues of fertility, pregnancy course and pregnancy outcomes. In the past, scleroderma patients were thought to be at high risk for poor fetal and maternal outcome, but more current retrospective studies show that despite an increased frequency of prematurity and small for gestational age infants, overall maternal and neonatal survival is good. Hence, at present, with close monitoring and appropriate therapy most scleroderma patients can sustain a successful pregnancy. Therapy with hydroxychloroquine and low dose steroids as well as judicious use of intravenous immunoglobulins is permitted. Renal crisis remains the most dreaded complication of a scleroderma pregnancy and necessitates prompt institution of ACE inhibitor therapy despite its potential teratogenicity. In order minimize the risk for renal crisis, pregnancies should be avoided in rapidly progressive diffuse disease as such patients are at a greater risk for developing serious cardiopulmonary and renal problems early in the disease. This review shall focus on the bi-directional effects of scleroderma on fertility and pregnancy as well as on the management of pregnancy and delivery in the scleroderma patient.

  7. Special Issue: Tsallis Entropy

    Anastasios Anastasiadis


    Full Text Available One of the crucial properties of the Boltzmann-Gibbs entropy in the context of classical thermodynamics is extensivity, namely proportionality with the number of elements of the system. The Boltzmann-Gibbs entropy satisfies this prescription if the subsystems are statistically (quasi- independent, or typically if the correlations within the system are essentially local. In such cases the energy of the system is typically extensive and the entropy is additive. In general, however, the situation is not of this type and correlations may be far from negligible at all scales. Tsallis in 1988 introduced an entropic expression characterized by an index q which leads to a non-extensive statistics. Tsallis entropy, Sq, is the basis of the so called non-extensive statistical mechanics, which generalizes the Boltzmann-Gibbs theory. Tsallis statistics have found applications in a wide range of phenomena in diverse disciplines such as physics, chemistry, biology, medicine, economics, geophysics, etc. The focus of this special issue of Entropy was to solicit contributions that apply Tsallis entropy in various scientific fields. [...

  8. Issues of environmental (irresponsibility

    Jana Dundelová


    Full Text Available In this paper the author reflects the questions of humans’ relationship to the environment and of their ecological behaviour that becomes together with the development of modern technologies increasingly relevant just as the question whether humans are able to affect fundamentally the environment on the Earth by their activities. According to some authors (e.g. Ehrlich, 1968; Gore, 2006; Wilson, 1995; Winter, Koger, 2009; Šmajs, 2005 human survival is directly connected with people’s relationship to the nature; but other influential authors have contradictory opinions or they are at least afraid of overestimation of ecological activities that can lead to neglecting of other important problems (e.g. Simon, 1981; Goklany, 2007; Lomborg, 2007; Klaus, 2007, 2009.These issues are dealt in this article mainly from the perspective of psychological theories and concepts – the Freud’s concept of unconsciousness is discussed as well as groupthink, theory of dissonance, contingency trap, Milgram’s theory of autonomous and agentic state of consciousness, group and intergroup behaviour, social dilemma – tragedy of the commons. Achieving a sustainable way of life depends on the equilibrium between consumption of individuals and regenerative abilities of the natural environment. However, people still behave as if they were separated from the nature. The linking axis of this article is the question of psychic powers causing individual and collective ecological (irresponsibility and the resulting consequences.

  9. Nanofluids research: key issues.

    Wang, Liqiu; Fan, Jing


    Nanofluids are a new class of fluids engineered by dispersing nanometer-size structures (particles, fibers, tubes, droplets) in base fluids. The very essence of nanofluids research and development is to enhance fluid macroscopic and megascale properties such as thermal conductivity through manipulating microscopic physics (structures, properties and activities). Therefore, the success of nanofluid technology depends very much on how well we can address issues like effective means of microscale manipulation, interplays among physics at different scales and optimization of microscale physics for the optimal megascale properties. In this work, we take heat-conduction nanofluids as examples to review methodologies available to effectively tackle these key but difficult problems and identify the future research needs as well. The reviewed techniques include nanofluids synthesis through liquid-phase chemical reactions in continuous-flow microfluidic microreactors, scaling-up by the volume averaging and constructal design with the constructal theory. The identified areas of future research contain microfluidic nanofluids, thermal waves and constructal nanofluids.

  10. Acknowledgment - Issue 60

    Executive Editor


    Full Text Available Biblios wish to acknowledge the support of the following professionals who participated in the review process of submissions for our issue 60.ReviewersAndré Ancona Lopez (Universidade de Brasília - UnB, BrasilGildenir Carolino Santos (Universidade Estadual de Campinas - UNICAMP, BrasilJacira Gil Bernardes (Universidade Federal do Rio Grande do Sul - UFRGS, BrasilRodrigo Donoso Vegas (Universidad de Chile - UCHILE, ChileSaúl Hiram Souto Fuentes (Universidad de Monterrey - UDEM, MéxicoReviewers invitedAlejandro Uribe Tirado (Universidad de Antioquia - UDEA, ColombiaFernanda Passini Moreno (Universidade de Brasília - UnB, BrasilJosé Bernal Rivas Fernández (Universidad de Costa Rica - UCR, Costa RicaMarta Lígia Pomim Valentim (Universidade Estadual Paulista - UNESP, BrasilOrlando Corzo Cauracurí (Universidad Nacional Mayor de San Marcos - UNMSM, PerúTerezinha Elisabeth da Silva (Universidade Estadual de Londrina - UEL, BrasilZaira Regina Zafalon (Universidade Federal de São Carlos - UFSCAR, BrasilIn the same way our acknowledge to University Library System (University of Pittsburgh - PITTS, USA by constant technical support and advice for our journal.

  11. Nanofluids Research: Key Issues

    Wang Liqiu


    Full Text Available Abstract Nanofluids are a new class of fluids engineered by dispersing nanometer-size structures (particles, fibers, tubes, droplets in base fluids. The very essence of nanofluids research and development is to enhance fluid macroscopic and megascale properties such as thermal conductivity through manipulating microscopic physics (structures, properties and activities. Therefore, the success of nanofluid technology depends very much on how well we can address issues like effective means of microscale manipulation, interplays among physics at different scales and optimization of microscale physics for the optimal megascale properties. In this work, we take heat-conduction nanofluids as examples to review methodologies available to effectively tackle these key but difficult problems and identify the future research needs as well. The reviewed techniques include nanofluids synthesis through liquid-phase chemical reactions in continuous-flow microfluidic microreactors, scaling-up by the volume averaging and constructal design with the constructal theory. The identified areas of future research contain microfluidic nanofluids, thermal waves and constructal nanofluids.

  12. Formation Flying Concept Issues

    M. V. Palkin


    Full Text Available The term “formation flying” implies coordinated movement of at least two satellites on coplanar and non-coplanar orbits with a maximum distance between them being much less than the length of the orbit. Peculiarities of formation flying concept also include:- automatic coordination of satellites;- sub-group specialization of formation flying satellites;- equipment and data exchange technology unification in each specialized group or subgroup.Formation flying satellites can be classified according to the configuration stability level (order (array, cluster («swarm», intergroup specialization rules («central satellite», «leader», «slave», manoeuvrability («active» and «passive» satellites.Tasks of formation flying include:- experiments with payload, distributed in formation flying satellites;- various near-earth space and earth-surface research;- super-sized aperture antenna development;- land-based telescope calibration;- «space advertisement» (earth-surface observable satellite compositions of a logotype, word, etc.;- orbital satellite maintenance, etc.Main issues of formation flying satellite system design are:- development of an autonomous satellite group manoeuvring technology;- providing a sufficient characteristic velocity of formation flying satellites;- ballistic and navigation maintenance for satellite formation flying;- technical and economic assessment of formation flying orbital delivery and deployment;- standardization, unification, miniaturization and integration of equipment;- intergroup and intersatellite function redistribution.

  13. Radioactive waste storage issues

    Kunz, Daniel E. [Colorado Christian Univ., Lakewood, CO (United States)


    In the United States we generate greater than 500 million tons of toxic waste per year which pose a threat to human health and the environment. Some of the most toxic of these wastes are those that are radioactively contaminated. This thesis explores the need for permanent disposal facilities to isolate radioactive waste materials that are being stored temporarily, and therefore potentially unsafely, at generating facilities. Because of current controversies involving the interstate transfer of toxic waste, more states are restricting the flow of wastes into - their borders with the resultant outcome of requiring the management (storage and disposal) of wastes generated solely within a state`s boundary to remain there. The purpose of this project is to study nuclear waste storage issues and public perceptions of this important matter. Temporary storage at generating facilities is a cause for safety concerns and underscores, the need for the opening of permanent disposal sites. Political controversies and public concern are forcing states to look within their own borders to find solutions to this difficult problem. Permanent disposal or retrievable storage for radioactive waste may become a necessity in the near future in Colorado. Suitable areas that could support - a nuclear storage/disposal site need to be explored to make certain the health, safety and environment of our citizens now, and that of future generations, will be protected.

  14. Issue Management Risk Ranking Systems

    Novack, Steven David; Marshall, Frances Mc Clellan; Stromberg, Howard Merion; Grant, Gary Michael


    Thousands of safety issues have been collected on-line at the Idaho National Engineering and Environmental Laboratory (INEEL) as part of the Issue Management Plan. However, there has been no established approach to prioritize collected and future issues. The authors developed a methodology, based on hazards assessment, to identify and risk rank over 5000 safety issues collected at INEEL. This approach required that it was easily applied and understandable for site adaptation and commensurate with the Integrated Safety Plan. High-risk issues were investigated and mitigative/preventive measures were suggested and ranked based on a cost-benefit scheme to provide risk-informed safety measures. This methodology was consistent with other integrated safety management goals and tasks providing a site-wide risk informed decision tool to reduce hazardous conditions and focus resources on high-risk safety issues. As part of the issue management plan, this methodology was incorporated at the issue collection level and training was provided to management to better familiarize decision-makers with concepts of safety and risk. This prioritization methodology and issue dissemination procedure will be discussed. Results of issue prioritization and training efforts will be summarized. Difficulties and advantages of the process will be reported. Development and incorporation of this process into INEELs lessons learned reporting and the site-wide integrated safety management program will be shown with an emphasis on establishing self reliance and ownership of safety issues.

  15. Issue Management Risk Ranking Systems

    F. M. Marshall; G. M. Grant; H. M. Stromberg; S. D. Novack


    Thousands of safety issues have been collected on-line at the Idaho National Engineering and Environmental Laboratory (INEEL) as part of the Issue Management Plan. However, there has been no established approach to prioritize collected and future issues. The authors developed a methodology, based on hazards assessment, to identify and risk rank over 5000 safety issues collected at INEEL. This approach required that it was easily applied and understandable for site adaptation and commensurate with the Integrated Safety Plan. High-risk issues were investigated and mitigative/preventive measures were suggested and ranked based on a cost-benefit scheme to provide risk-informed safety measures. This methodology was consistent with other integrated safety management goals and tasks providing a site-wide risk-informed decision tool to reduce hazardous conditions and focus resources on high-risk safety issues. As part of the issue management plan, this methodology was incorporated at the issue collection level and training was provided to management to better familiarize decision-makers with concepts of safety and risk. This prioritization methodology and issue dissemination procedure will be discussed. Results of issue prioritization and training efforts will be summarized. Difficulties and advantages of the process will be reported. Development and incorporation of this process into INEEL's lessons learned reporting and the site-wide integrated safety management program will be shown with an emphasis on establishing self reliance and ownership of safety issues.

  16. EFRT M-12 Issue Resolution: Solids Washing

    Baldwin, David L.; Schonewill, Philip P.; Toth, James J.; Huckaby, James L.; Eslinger, Paul W.; Hanson, Brady D.; Kurath, Dean E.; Minette, Michael J.


    Pacific Northwest National Laboratory (PNNL) was tasked by Bechtel National Inc. (BNI) on the River Protection Project-Hanford Tank Waste Treatment and Immobilization Plant (RPP-WTP) project to perform research and development activities to resolve technical issues identified for the Pretreatment Facility (PTF). The Pretreatment Engineering Platform (PEP) was designed, constructed, and operated as part of a plan to respond to issue M12, “Undemonstrated Leaching Processes” of the External Flowsheet Review Team (EFRT) issue response plan.( ) The PEP is a 1/4.5-scale test platform designed to simulate the WTP pretreatment caustic leaching, oxidative leaching, ultrafiltration solids concentration, and slurry washing processes. The PEP replicates the WTP leaching processes using prototypic equipment and control strategies. The PEP also includes non-prototypic ancillary equipment to support the core processing.

  17. JPRS Report, Proliferation Issues


    8 Bank of China Aids Sino-Pakistan Nuclear Power Project [XINHUA] ........................................... 9 Foreign...favor of "complete liquidation , an entire ban on atomic weap- ons." According to Charun, much less testing is done at He said that China now has...go Bank of China Aids Sino-Pakistan Nuclear Power ahead with the project nonetheless, senior Chinese offi- Project cials have said. 0W1812142792

  18. Mars Surface Environmental Issues

    Charles, John


    Planetary exploration by astronauts will require extended periods of habitation on a planet's surface, under the influence of environmental factors that are different from those of Earth and the spacecraft that delivered the crew to the planet. Human exploration of Mars, a possible near-term planetary objective, can be considered a challenging scenario. Mission scenarios currently under consideration call for surface habitation periods of from 1 to 18 months on even the earliest expeditions. Methods: Environmental issues associated with Mars exploration have been investigated by NASA and the National Space Biomedical Research Institute (NSBRI) as part of the Bioastronautics Critical Path Roadmap Project (see http :// Results: Arrival on Mars will immediately expose the crew to gravity only 38% of that at Earth's surface in possibly the first prolonged exposure to gravity other than the 1G of Earth's surface and the zero G of weightless space flight, with yet unknown effects on crew physiology. The radiation at Mars' surface is not well documented, although the planet's bulk and even its thin atmosphere may moderate the influx of galactic cosmic radiation and energetic protons from solar flares. Secondary radiation from activated components of the soil must also be considered. Ultrafine and larger respirable and nonrespirable particles in Martian dust introduced into the habitat after surface excursions may induce pulmonary inflammation exacerbated by the additive reactive and oxidizing nature of the dust. Stringent decontamination cannot eliminate mechanical and corrosive effects of the dust on pressure suits and exposed machinery. The biohazard potential of putative indigenous Martian microorganisms may be assessed by comparison with analog environments on Earth. Even in their absence, human microorganisms, if not properly controlled, can be a threat to the crew's health. Conclusions: Mars' surface offers a substantial challenge to the

  19. Geo Issue Tracking System

    Khakpour, Mohammad; Paulik, Christoph; Hahn, Sebastian


    Communication about remote sensing data quality between data providers and users as well as between the users is often difficult. The users have a hard time figuring out if a product has known problems over their region of interest and data providers have to spend a lot of effort to make this information available, if it exists. Scientific publications are one tool for communicating with the users base but they are static and mostly one way. As a data provider it is also often difficult to make feedback, received from users, available to the complete user base. The Geo Issue Tracking System (GeoITS) is an Open Source Web Application which has been developed to mitigate these problems. GeoITS combines a mapping interface (Google Maps) with a simple wiki platform. It allows users to give region specific feedback on a remote sensing product by drawing a polygon on the map and describing the problems they had using the remote sensing product in this area. These geolocated wiki entries are then viewable by other users as well as the data providers which can modify and extend the entries. In this way the conversations between the users and the data provider are no longer hidden in e.g. emails but open for all users of the dataset. This new kind of communication platform can enable better cooperation between users and data providers. It will also provide data providers with the ability to track problems their dataset might have in certain areas and resolve them with new product releases. The source code is available via A running instance can be tried at

  20. In This Issue


    Advanced Instrumentation in the Educational Laboratory The instruments that chemists use in their research have changed dramatically in the past decades. The explosion in new techniques and their instrumental counterparts has been made possible by two significant advances. The rapid propagation of computer chips and circuitry provides opportunities to collect more specialized and refined data than ever before. Computer-controlled instruments can detect events that a human researcher would never perceive and can record hundreds of data points in the time that a person could only observe one or two. Coupled with these advances in technology are advances in theory that allow more sophisticated interpretation of data. A hundred years ago a sophisticated instrument was a balance that could weigh minute quantities. Today a sophisticated instrument is one that can identify the composition of that minute sample, determine its molecular weight, or reveal a great deal about its energy states and bonding. This bonanza of new instruments is wonderful for the research chemist but a curricular headache for the chemistry teacher. It takes more time to learn how to run an NMR than to use a balance, and more sophistication on the part of the student is needed to interpret the data. And yet many courses that only a generation ago sported an expensive analytical balance as its prize instrument now require students to understand and operate a whole panoply of complex tools. Teachers faced with accommodating these curricular changes will find several articles in this issue helpful--either providing information on new techniques or descriptions of how to incorporate them into the classroom. Electrospray ionization mass spectrometry is one of the newest tools that has been added to the analytical arsenal. It is an extension of mass spectrometry that overcomes the old barrier that allowed only analysis of low molecular weight, volatile compounds. It is now possible to use MS for

  1. Ethical issues in neuroprosthetics

    Glannon, Walter


    Objective. Neuroprosthetics are artificial devices or systems designed to generate, restore or modulate a range of neurally mediated functions. These include sensorimotor, visual, auditory, cognitive affective and volitional functions that have been impaired or lost from congenital anomalies, traumatic brain injury, infection, amputation or neurodevelopmental and neurodegenerative disorders. Cochlear implants, visual prosthetics, deep brain stimulation, brain-computer interfaces, brain-to-brain interfaces and hippocampal prosthetics can bypass, replace or compensate for dysfunctional neural circuits, brain injury and limb loss. They can enable people with these conditions to gain or regain varying degrees of control of thought and behavior. These direct and indirect interventions in the brain raise general ethical questions about weighing the potential benefit of altering neural circuits against the potential harm from neurophysiological and psychological sequelae. Other ethical questions are more specific to the therapeutic goals of particular neuroprosthetics and the conditions for which they are indicated. These include informed consent, agency, autonomy (free will) and identity. Approach. This review is an analysis and discussion of these questions. It also includes consideration of social justice issues such as how to establish and implement fair selection criteria in providing access to neuroprosthetic research and balancing technological innovation with patients’ best interests. Main results. Neuroprosthetics can restore or improve motor and mental functions in bypassing areas of injury or modulating dysregulation in neural circuits. As enabling devices that integrate with these circuits, neuroprosthetics can restore varying degrees of autonomous agency for people affected by neurological and psychiatric disorders. They can also re-establish the connectedness and continuity of the psychological properties they had before injury or disease onset and thereby

  2. The hydrogen issue.

    Armaroli, Nicola; Balzani, Vincenzo


    Hydrogen is often proposed as the fuel of the future, but the transformation from the present fossil fuel economy to a hydrogen economy will need the solution of numerous complex scientific and technological issues, which will require several decades to be accomplished. Hydrogen is not an alternative fuel, but an energy carrier that has to be produced by using energy, starting from hydrogen-rich compounds. Production from gasoline or natural gas does not offer any advantage over the direct use of such fuels. Production from coal by gasification techniques with capture and sequestration of CO₂ could be an interim solution. Water splitting by artificial photosynthesis, photobiological methods based on algae, and high temperatures obtained by nuclear or concentrated solar power plants are promising approaches, but still far from practical applications. In the next decades, the development of the hydrogen economy will most likely rely on water electrolysis by using enormous amounts of electric power, which in its turn has to be generated. Producing electricity by burning fossil fuels, of course, cannot be a rational solution. Hydroelectric power can give but a very modest contribution. Therefore, it will be necessary to generate large amounts of electric power by nuclear energy of by renewable energies. A hydrogen economy based on nuclear electricity would imply the construction of thousands of fission reactors, thereby magnifying all the problems related to the use of nuclear energy (e.g., safe disposal of radioactive waste, nuclear proliferation, plant decommissioning, uranium shortage). In principle, wind, photovoltaic, and concentrated solar power have the potential to produce enormous amounts of electric power, but, except for wind, such technologies are too underdeveloped and expensive to tackle such a big task in a short period of time. A full development of a hydrogen economy needs also improvement in hydrogen storage, transportation and distribution

  3. Mega-constellations Issues

    Bastida Virgili, Benjamin; Krag, Holger


    increase drastically. In this study, we report the detected issues of such a mega-constellation traffic, and we analyse the response of the space object population to the introduction of a large constellation conforming to the post-mission disposal guideline with differing levels of success and with different disposal orbit options.

  4. In This Issue


    Organic Chemistry--New Challenges Perhaps more than any other of the chemical subdisciplines, the scope and focus of organic chemistry has been changed by modern technology and theoretical advances, and these changes have had an equally striking effect on the undergraduate curriculum. The main challenge in organic chemistry classes has shifted, in less than a generation, from memorizing all the groups, naming conventions, and classes of reactions to understanding complex interactions at the structural and electronic orbital level. As biochemistry and polymer chemistry have grown from being the purview of a few specialists to full-blown disciplines of their own, they have also migrated from interesting, but optional, chapters at the back of the book to separate courses in the curriculum. The availability of inexpensive instrumentation means undergraduates routinely use NMR and mass spec instead of melting points to identify their products. And the changes are continuing: segments of biochemistry are metamorphizing into molecular biology and polymer chemistry is finding interconnections with materials science. In fact, as our understanding of chemical reactions at molecular and electronic levels expands, it becomes more and more difficult to decide on demarcations between the subdisciplines. Organic chemistry is an organizational construct that once was useful for segregating certain topics into a coherent two-semester introductory course. Today, it covers so much territory that no one who is an "organic chemist" can know even a small fraction of the territory and faces unique challenges when designing and teaching undergraduate courses. In a wide spectrum of articles in this issue that fall under the "organic" umbrella--from environmental chemistry to new polymer products--teachers share their specific experiences and creative solutions to these challenges, providing their colleagues with new ideas, processes, and pedagogic approaches. To start off, we can examine

  5. Learning Potential Assessment: Theoretical, Methodological and Practical Issues.

    Hamers, J. H. M., Ed.; Sijtsma, K., Ed.; Ruijssenaars, A. J. J. M., Ed.

    The first part of this volume is concerned with theoretical and conceptual issues concerning learning potential assessment. The second part deals with methodological and measurement issues in learning potential assessment, and the third part is devoted to research projects and practical applications of learning potential tests. The following…

  6. Sampling Issues in Bibliometric Analysis

    Williams, Richard


    Bibliometricians face several issues when drawing and analyzing samples of citation records for their research. Drawing samples that are too small may make it difficult or impossible for studies to achieve their goals, while drawing samples that are too large may drain resources that could be better used for other purposes. This paper considers three common situations and offers advice for dealing with each. First, an entire population of records is available for an institution. We argue that, even though all records have been collected, the use of inferential statistics and significance testing is both common and desirable. Second, because of limited resources or other factors, a sample of records needs to be drawn. We demonstrate how power analyses can be used to determine in advance how large the sample needs to be to achieve the study's goals. Third, the sample size may already be determined, either because the data have already been collected or because resources are limited. We show how power analyses c...

  7. Conflict among Testing Procedures?


    AM4ONG TESTING PROCEDURES? Daniel F . Kohler April 1982 ( i’ 4:3 rpis tsnlb u lailtsd P-6765 8 8 O1 V 068 The Rand Paper Series Papers are issued by...TESTING PROCEDURES? Daniel F . Kohler April 1982 : i ! ,I I CONFLICT AMONG TESTING PROCEDURES? 1. Introduction "- Savin [1976] and Berndt and Savin [19771

  8. JPRS Report Environmental Issues


    Acrylonitrile ’ - 2.0 0.5 — 2.0 0.5 2 Acetaldehyde 20.0 10.0 2.5 10.0 5.0 1.3 3 Methyl alcohol 1,000.0 500.0 130.0 200.0 100.0 25.0 4 Ammonia 400.04 200.0 51.0...residual tar, which is a carcinogene . Unfortunately, this can be demonstrated only with sophisticated equipment, which we don’t have." Nevertheless...tests of human hair and nails, soil samples, water and food. Simultaneously, they will evaluate the clinico-medical consequences of the exposure to

  9. Infertility: psychotherapeutic issues.

    Rosenthal, M B


    In supportive therapy with infertility patients, the clinician tries to relieve dysphoria and enhance self-esteem. Dynamically informed supportive interventions are designed to decrease guilt that may relate to past sexual activities, sexually related diseases, or abortions. These interventions should also be empathetic, promote optimism and reality testing, help with problem solving, allow catharsis and ventilation, decrease feelings of isolation and loneliness, educate and clarify, and praise and encourage where appropriate. Mental health clinicians have an important role to play in the treatment of these patients, provided they learn enough about the psychology of the experience of infertility and about the technology utilized in its treatment. As the number of people seeking treatment for infertility grows, the need for skilled therapists for this population will grow at a parallel rate.

  10. Get Tested for Glaucoma!

    ... of this page please turn Javascript on. Feature: Glaucoma Get Tested for Glaucoma! Past Issues / Fall 2009 Table of Contents Taylor ... When were you finally diagnosed with glaucoma? Not until 1969, after a game of basketball. ...

  11. Current issues with research support

    Russell, W.T.


    It would be difficult to condense current issues in nuclear reactor regulation to just a few minutes. So, let me start off by saying that I have not tried to give a comprehensive listing of issues that are currently facing the reactor program, but rather to select those that I thought were relevant as they relate to research activities. Use of probabilistic risk assessment in regulatory decisions; materials aging issues concerning steam generators and reactor vessels; high burnup fuels; accident management; and digital instrumentation and control, are just a sampling of the important issues that I want to talk about.

  12. Policy issues in modern cartography

    Taylor, DRF


    Policy Issues in Modern Cartography contains the views of national mapping agencies, legal scholars, the library community, the private sector and academia on these and many other important issues. The book begins with perspectives from national mapping agencies in Britain, Canada and the United States followed by a survey of the situation in Asia. The next three chapters deal primarily with legal issues such as copyright and intellectual property from both North American and European perspectives. Chapter 8 presents an important perspective on the key issues by a representative of the privat

  13. Methodological issues of postoperative cognitive dysfunction research

    Funder, Kamilia S; Steinmetz, Jacob; Rasmussen, Lars S


    Postoperative cognitive dysfunction (POCD) is a subtle impairment of memory, concentration, and speed of information processing. It is a frequent complication following surgery and can have a debilitating effect on patients' recovery and future prognosis. Neuropsychological testing is needed...... to reveal postoperative cognitive decline, and questionnaires are not useful for this purpose. There is a profound lack of consensus regarding the research methodology for detection of cognitive deterioration, especially the diagnostic criteria. Issues, such as baseline performance, learning effects...

  14. In This Issue


    Computational Chemistry for the Masses Not long ago, chemical computation was considered a specialty area requiring extensive computer knowledge, power, and time. Over the past decade, however, it has changed from the arcane pursuit of a few advanced university researchers in the area of physical chemistry to a familiar tool used by a wide range of chemists. Nevertheless, it has required its practitioners to have extensive knowledge of computer programming and a thorough understanding of theoretical chemical concepts and as a result usually was reserved for the graduate curriculum. Now a further metamorphosis is in progress, as computational chemistry moves into the undergraduate curriculum, often using off-the-shelf software--commercial packages or adaptations of them that are readily shared by their creators. As we put this issue together, we realized that many of the articles involved sophisticated computations that would not have been possible a few years ago in the courses described. Further, the hard and software used was widely available at a reasonable cost. Some of the articles focus on the teaching of computational methods and others simply incorporate it as a facet in their overall strategy; however, taken together, they reflect a strong trend to utilize a diverse set of readily available methods and products in the undergraduate curriculum. The most familiar recent use of computational chemistry is the computer design of molecules in organic, medicinal, and biochemistry. However, computational chemistry is useful for inorganic chemists as well and is now migrating to undergraduate courses. Lipkowitz, Pearl, Robertson, and Schultz (page 105) make a strong case for its inclusion and present a two-week component they have developed for their senior-level laboratory course. Comba and Zimmer (page 108) offer a review of inorganic molecular mechanics calculations, which is designed for the novice and includes the basic equations, their application to

  15. Prevention of legionella. Special issue; Legionellapreventie. Themanummer

    Van Wolferen, H. [TNO, Apeldoorn (Netherlands); Eland, A.; Meijer, J. [Procas, Rotterdam (Netherlands); Van den Brink, J. [Econosto Nederland, Capelle aan den IJssel (Netherlands); Tiedink, H. [Wilo Nederland, Beverwijk (Netherlands); Nuijten, O.W.W. [ISSO, Rotterdam (Netherlands); Brands, R. [Cumulus Nederland, Cuijk (Netherlands); Reijman, D.


    In seven articles attention is paid to several aspects with regard to the prevention of legionella in water heating systems: (1) an interview with an expert in this field (Will Scheffer); (2) regulations for alternative techniques; (3) experiences with collective water heaters; (4) the effect of pressure on legionella risk; (5) the prevention of legionella in cooling towers; (6) legionella safe adiabatic humidification of ambient air; (7) reducing the risk of legionella by maintenance and control. [Dutch] In 7 artikelen wordt aandacht besteed aan verschillende aspecten m.b.t. de voorkoming van legionella in verwarmingssystemen: (1) een interview met een expert op dit gebied (Will Scheffer); (2) beoordelingsrichtlijnen voor alternatieve technieken; (3) praktijkervaringen met collectieve leidingwaterinstallaties; (4) de invloed van drukverhoging op het risico van legionella; (5) legionellapreventie in koeltorens; (6) legionellaveilige adiabatische luchtbevochtiging; en (7) het beperken van het risico op legionella door onderhoud en beheer.

  16. To Further the Near-Vision Visual Acuity Tests (2) : The Necessity of Near-Vision Visual Acuity Testing from the Results of a Detailed Examination of Children's Visual Acuity Carried Out in an Ophthalmology Clinic(Special Issue Dedicated to Professor HASHIUCHI Takeshi)

    高橋, ひとみ; 川端, 秀仁; 衞藤, 隆


    After carrying out far-vision visual acuity tests, near-vision visual acuity tests, refraction tests, and ciliary muscle function tests at A elementary-school, we stressed the need for school medical checkups to be followed up by consultation at an ophthalmology clinic in the case of children with poor far-vision visual acuity, poor near-vision visual acuity, or eye control dysfunction. 155 children were seen in an ophthalmology clinic and given a detailed examination. We carried out an in-de...

  17. Equipment qualification issues research and resolution: Status report

    Bonzon, L.L.; Wyant, F.J.; Bustard, L.D.; Gillen, K.T.


    Since its inception in 1975, the Qualification Testing Evaluation (QTE) Program has produced numerous results pertinent to equipment qualification issues. Many have been incorporated into Regulatory Guides, Rules, and industry practices and standards. This report summarizes the numerous reports and findings to date. Thirty separate issues are discussed encompassing three generic areas: accident simulation methods, aging simulation methods, and special topics related to equipment qualification. Each issue-specific section contains (1) a brief description of the issue, (2) a summary of the applicable research effort, and (3) a summary of the findings to date.

  18. Current Issues in Cosmology

    Barbour, J B [Department of Physics and Astronomy, University of Rochester (United States)


    These colloquium proceedings will be valuable, the blurb says, for graduate students and researchers in cosmology and theoretical astrophysics. Specifically, the book 'looks at both the strengths and weaknesses of the current big bang model in explaining certain puzzling data' and gives a 'comprehensive coverage of the expanding field of cosmology'. The reality is rather different. Conference proceedings rarely compare in value with a solid monograph or good review articles, and Current Issues in Cosmology is no exception. The colloquium was convened by the two editors, who have both long harboured doubts about the big bang, and was held in Paris in June 2004. The proceedings contain 19 presented papers and relatively brief summary comments by four panel speakers. The questions and answers at the end of each talk and a general discussion at the end were recorded and transcribed but contain little of interest. The nature of the colloquium is indicated by panellist Francesco Bertola's comment: 'While in the 1950s it was possible to speak of rival theories in cosmology, now the big-bang picture has no strong rivals. This is confirmed by the fact that out of 1500 members of the IAU Division VIII (Galaxies and the Universe) only a dozen, although bright people, devote their time to the heterodox views.' This was largely a platform for them to give their views. At least half of the dozen, all the 'usual suspects', were present: Geoffery and Margaret Burbidge, Jayant Narlikar, Halton Arp, Chandra Wickramasinghe and, in spirit only but playing a role somewhat like the ghost of Hamlet's father, the late Fred Hoyle. Doubters presented 12 of the 19 papers. Orthodoxy should certainly be challenged and the sociology of science questioned, but I found two main problems with this book. The papers putting the orthodox view are too short, even perfunctory. The most that a serious graduate student would get out of them is a reference

  19. The NCSS Public Issues Program.

    McFarland, Mary


    Describes programs sponsored by the National Council for the Social Studies (NCSS) to promote civic participation. The programs are National Issues Forums (NIF) in the Classroom; Jefferson Meetings; Great Decisions; Public Issues Series; and C-SPAN in the Classroom. (SLM)

  20. Teaching Gender Issues through Literature.

    McClish, Glen

    The issues of empiricism and theory-building can be used in practical terms to discuss how literary texts can be used to elucidate gender issues in the classroom. For instance, two literary texts written early in this century--Thornton Wilder's "Our Town" and Ernest Hemingway's short story "Up in Michigan"--can illustrate…

  1. Editorial Volume 5 Issue 3

    Ciorstan J. Smark


    Full Text Available This issue of AABFJ contains a diverse range of articles from accounting, finance, financial planning and education. This issue leads with an article by Cowen, Blair and Taylor (2011 who examine, using a detailed case study, the educational technique of scaffolding to enhance the teaching and learning experiences of both staff and students in the teaching of financial planning.

  2. Issues in Training Family Scientists.

    Ganong, Lawrence H.; And Others


    Issues related to graduate education in family science, especially at the doctoral level, are explored. Discusses competencies family scientists should have, as well as experiences necessary to help students acquire them. Proposes ideas for a core curriculum, identifies controversies and unresolved issues, and examines training for the future.…

  3. Issues in Training Family Scientists.

    Ganong, Lawrence H.; And Others


    Issues related to graduate education in family science, especially at the doctoral level, are explored. Discusses competencies family scientists should have, as well as experiences necessary to help students acquire them. Proposes ideas for a core curriculum, identifies controversies and unresolved issues, and examines training for the future.…

  4. Introduction to the Special Issue

    Benati, Alessandro; Lee, James F.


    [Without Abstract]\\ud Introduction to International Review of Applied Linguistics in Language Teaching, Volume 53, Issue 2 (Jun 2015)- Special Issue: Processing instruction: New insights after twenty years of theory, research and application. Guest Editors: Alessandro Benati and James F. Lee.

  5. Estratègies didàctiques a l'ensenyament universitari. Experimentació de crèdits ECTS en els estudis de pedagogia i psicopedagogia Educational Strategies in Higher Education: Piloting ECTS Credits in Pedagogy and Psycho-pedagogy Degrees Estrategias didácticas en la educación universitaria. Experimentación de créditos ECTS en los estudios de pedagogía y psicopedagogía

    Carmen Ruiz Bueno; Òscar Mas Torelló; José Tejada Fernández


    La convergència cap a un Espai Europeu d'Educació Superior (EEES), l'assumpció del model anomenat Sistema Europeu de Transferència de Crèdits (ETCS) i el desenvolupament i democratització de les TIC genera una necessitat d'adaptació del treball didàctic i l'exigència d'experimentar metodologies adequades a aquests plantejaments i contextos. Es presenta un projecte que aposta per l'ús de les TIC com a eina nuclear en el desenvolupament de la docència d'assignatures de l'Àrea de Didàctica i Org...

  6. Chemical Carcinogenesis Testing and Related Issues - Subchronic Studies and Related Issues


    mononuclear cell leukemia and adrenal nedullar pheochromocytoma in males and breast fibroadenoma, mononuclear cell leukemia, and pituitary gland adenoma in...specific and/or systemic pathology, body weight and organ weight alterations, mortality, clinical signs (including pharmacological or altered physiological ...constitute toxicity per sz but commonly span the entire range of effects from altered physiology through pharma- cology to toxicity. The high doge for chronic

  7. New EPA Guidance for Testing Pesticides Will Reduce Animal Testing

    EPA is issuing guidance for requesting waivers of acute dermal toxicity testing requirements for pesticide formulations, which will lead to fewer animal tests for acute dermal toxicity for pesticides.

  8. Materials issues in fusion reactors

    Suri, A. K.; Krishnamurthy, N.; Batra, I. S.


    The world scientific community is presently engaged in one of the toughest technological tasks of the current century, namely, exploitation of nuclear fusion in a controlled manner for the benefit of mankind. Scientific feasibility of controlled fusion of the light elements in plasma under magnetic confinement has already been proven. International efforts in a coordinated and co-operative manner are presently being made to build ITER - the International Thermonuclear Experimental Reactor - to test, in this first step, the concept of 'Tokamak' for net fusion energy production. To exploit this new developing option of making energy available through the route of fusion, India too embarked on a robust fusion programme under which we now have a working tokamak - the Aditya and a steady state tokamak (SST-1), which is on the verge of functioning. The programme envisages further development in terms of making SST-2 followed by a DEMO and finally the fusion power reactor. Further, with the participation of India in the ITER program in 2005, and recent allocation of half - a - port in ITER for placing our Lead - Lithium Ceramic Breeder (LLCB) based Test Blanket Module (TBM), meant basically for breeding tritium and extracting high grade heat, the need to understand and address issues related to materials for these complex systems has become all the more necessary. Also, it is obvious that with increasing power from the SST stages to DEMO and further to PROTOTYPE, the increasing demands on performance of materials would necessitate discovery and development of new materials. Because of the 14.1 MeV neutrons that are generated in the D+T reaction exploited in a tokamak, the materials, especially those employed for the construction of the first wall, the diverter and the blanket segments, suffer crippling damage due to the high He/dpa ratios that result due to the high energy of the neutrons. To meet this challenge, the materials that need to be developed for the tokamaks

  9. Practical Issues in Component Aging Analysis

    Dana L. Kelly; Andrei Rodionov; Jens Uwe-Klugel


    This paper examines practical issues in the statistical analysis of component aging data. These issues center on the stochastic process chosen to model component failures. The two stochastic processes examined are repair same as new, leading to a renewal process, and repair same as old, leading to a nonhomogeneous Poisson process. Under the first assumption, times between failures can treated as statistically independent observations from a stationary process. The common distribution of the times between failures is called the renewal distribution. Under the second process, the times between failures will not be independently and identically distributed, and one cannot simply fit a renewal distribution to the cumulative failure times or the times between failures. The paper illustrates how the assumption made regarding the repair process is crucial to the analysis. Besides the choice of stochastic process, other issues that are discussed include qualitative graphical analysis and simple nonparametric hypothesis tests to help judge which process appears more appropriate. Numerical examples are presented to illustrate the issues discussed in the paper.

  10. Comprehensive Nuclear-Test-Ban Treaty: Issues and Arguments


    International Organization and Disarmament Affairs. Strategic and Foreign Policy Implications of ABM Systems. Hearings, 91st Congress, 1st Session, 1969...203 For list of European Union nations, see [ abc /european_countries/ index_en.htm]. For NATO members, see [ of effects on defended targets; and between the possibility of an effective ABM [antiballistic missile], and most likely, no such possibility

  11. Theoretical and Practical Issues of Integrated Speaking Tests

    中村, 優治


     外国語教育の分野で急速に取り上げられつつあるのが内容・言語統合型学習である。ところが統合型教育の重要性が強く叫ばれても,これと表裏一体をなす統合型評価に関しては充実した議論の展開が見られないようである。学生がテキストを読み,講義を聴き,メモを取ってスピーチに活かすことは技能統合型の活動であるが,この評価をする教師の方の受け入れ態勢がまだ整っていないため,伝統的な技能別,さらに内容と言語別々の採点がなされているのが現状である。本稿では統合型スピーキングテストの諸問題を 4 つの視点(TOEFL iBT,指導要領,統合型テスト理論,実践例)から議論し解決への一提案を試みようとするものである。The content and language integrated learning approach has been gaining popularity in second/foreign language education in many places in the world. While an integrated approach to language and conten...

  12. Critical issues for implementation of the standard NBR ISO/IEC 17025:2005 in Testing and Calibration Laboratory: case study at a public institution; Aspectos criticos para implantacao da norma NBR ISO/IEC 17025:2005 em laboratorio de ensaio e calibracao: estudo de caso em uma instituicao publica

    Castro, Denise Confar Carvalho de


    The public institution aims to promote excellence in public management to contribute to the quality of services provided to its customers and to increase competitiveness in the country, as well as its international projection. A technical barrier to trade that can lead to dissatisfaction and achieve the reputation of the institution is failing the test or calibration results and measurement data, thereby accreditation is regarded as the first essential step to facilitate the mutual acceptance of test results and calibration or measurement data. For recognition, laboratories need to demonstrate full compliance with both the sections of ISO/IEC 17025:2005, i.e. management and technical requirements. This research aims to discuss the critical aspects for implementation of ABNT NBR ISO / IEC 17025:2005 for calibration and testing of a Public Institution seeking accreditation of its laboratories with INMETRO, national accreditation body Laboratories. Besides getting preventive, corrective and improvement actions continues guidelines. Furthermore, the methodology used was to conduct a literature search and apply a questionnaire to identify the degree of agreement / disagreement of the foundations of the standard servers. Analysis of the results showed that the critical issues were: commitment, training, resources (infrastructure, human) and culture. (author)

  13. C-FERST Environmental Issue Profiles

    This page provides links to the 45 issue profiles for C-FERST users, organized with tabs to show issues related to pollutants, environmental media, health effects, other community issues, and all issues.

  14. Tribal-FERST Environmental Issue Profiles

    This page provides links to the 45 issue profiles for Tribal-FERST users, organized with tabs to show issues related to pollutants, environmental media, health effects, other community issues, and all issues.

  15. Recent Water Issues in China


    The rapid urbanization process in China over the past thirty years has significantly improved the living standards of Chinese people. But it also poses severe environmental pressure on environment including water. This paper discusses the water issues like urban water supply, water pollution and water quality of water system in the context of the rapid urbanization process in China. It then proposes strategic measures to tackle those water issues and discusses the progress of providing safe drinking water and protecting water resources by new technologies in-cluding membrane technology. It concludes that water is a global issue and should be tackled by global community together.

  16. Issue Professionals in Transnational Networks

    Henriksen, Lasse Folke; Seabrooke, Leonard

    Relations to discuss how professionals and organizations battle over issue control through the designation of tasks and the creation of overlapping networks. We outline the emergence of ‘issue professionals’ and how they attempt network management. We do so via a case on transnational sustainability......Professionals and organizations both seek to exploit and cooperate with each other. Professionals seek alliances in their own peer networks while organizations do the same. These networks carry not only information that inform incentives but norms about appropriate forms of governance and practices...... that guide how they actually work. In this paper we outline how professionals and organizations operate in two-level networks through a focus on issue control over issues of transnational governance. As such, this interdisciplinary paper brings together insights from Organization Studies and International...

  17. Health Issues of Premature Babies

    ... Text Size Email Print Share Health Issues of Premature Babies Page Content Because premature babies are born before they are physically ready ... associated with prematurity. Because of these health concerns, premature babies are given extra medical attention and assistance ...

  18. Professional Issues In Software Engineering

    Bott, Frank; Eaton, Jack; Rowland, Diane


    An comprehensive text covering all the issues that software engineers now have to take into account apart from the technical side of things. Includes information on the legal, professional and commercial context in which they work.

  19. The Origin of the Issue


    @@ Yang : Hello, everybody ! Recently, the discussion on constructing the security cooperative mechanism of Northeast Asia has been increasing both at home and abroad, which has almost t become another hot topic next to the Korean nuclear issue. Why is there such a phenomenon? Judging from the perspective of the regional situation, there have appeared two respects of "changing" and "unchanging" factors in the past few years. Should we consider that the "unchanging factors"have led to the breakout of the Korean Peninsula nuclear crisis again,and the "changing factors" have caused new changes in the regional circumstance following the crisis and the ways of resolving the issue; and with the Korean nuclear issue as a turning point, have these "changing" and "unchanging" factors led to warming-up of the issue of the regional security mechanism in both positive and negative ways?

  20. Editorial Volume 5 Issue 4

    Ciorstan Smark


    Full Text Available Welcome to the final issue of AABFJ for 2012.1. The journal has grown in the past year with an increase in submissions and the editors are considering strategies to manage future publications.

  1. Special Issue on Graph Algorithms


    This special issue of Algorithms is devoted to the design and analysis of algorithms for solving combinatorial problems of a theoretical or practical nature involving graphs, with a focus on computational complexity.

  2. Professional Emergence on Transnational Issues

    Seabrooke, Leonard; Tsingou, Eleni


    they are conceptually linked by actors and organizations. A linked ecologies approach asks us to displace locating known actors within structures and instead pays attention to professional interactions on how ‘issue distinctions’ are made, the relationship between issue distinctions and professional tasks, and who......Addressing complex transnational problems requires coordination from different professionals. The emergence of new actors and issues has been addressed by those interested in studies of organizations through concepts and methods that highlight the importance of communities, fields, and networks....... These approaches are important in identifying the sources of what becomes established, but less geared to identifying interactions that are emergent. This article extends a linked ecologies approach to emergence, arguing that interaction on transnational issues should first be understood by how...

  3. Science: issues in Illinois (reprints of science columns from Illinois Issues, February 1980-May 1981)


    This report consists of reprints on current public policy issues involving science and technology (S and T) in the State of Illinois. The reprints include monthly science columns from February 1980 - May 1981 Illinois Issues, a magazine of state public affairs. The magazine is an outgrowth of a legislative science research annual --a compilation of S and T-related reports prepared for the Illinois General Assembly. Topics include waste oil recovery, nuclear safety, decontamination of nuclear reactors, sulfur dioxide levels, acid rain, radioactive waste disposal problems, Illinois' legislature's record on S and T, paternity blood testing, DMSO, science issues of the 80's, European solutions to nuclear wastes, Scientific Creationism versus the theory of evolution, drug paraphernalia definition, Reye's Syndrome, and Agent Orange.

  4. Long-term job insecurity, job satisfaction and organisational attitudes: Test of Warr’s Curvilinear Hypothesis

    Hans De Witte


    Full Text Available Research suggests that job insecurity is an important work stressor, negatively affecting well-being and organisational attitudes and behaviours. This article concentrates on two often ignored issues in this field. First, the consequences of long-term job insecurity regarding job satisfaction, the evaluation of management and organisational attitudes are analysed. Secondly, Warr’s assumption of curvilinear associations between job insecurity and well-being is tested, and extended to the evaluation of management and organisational attitudes. The hypotheses are tested with data of 769 employees from various branches of a large European multinational company. In total, 15 reliable scales were used to test the hypotheses. The results show that 48,2% of the interviewees had worries about their long-term job security. Separate analyses of variance showed that long-term job insecurity was associated with two thirds of the scales. Long-term job insecurity was associated with lower job satisfaction, lower organisational attitudes and a lower evaluation of supervisors and management. Warr’s assumption of curvilinear associations with job insecurity was not corroborated, however. Suggestions for practice and for future research are discussed. Opsomming Navorsing stel voor dat werksonsekerheid ’n belangrike werk stressor is en dat dit welstand, organisasie gesindhede en gedrag negetief affekteer. Die artikel konsentreer op twee onderwerpe in hierdie veld wat gereeld geignoreer word. Eerstens word die gevolge van langtermyn werksonsekerheid met betrekking tot werkstevredenheid, die evaluering van bestuur en organisasiegesindhede geanaliseer. Tweedens, is Warr se aanames van kromlynige verhoudings tussen werksonsekerheid en welstand getoets, en uitgebrei tot die evaluasie van bestuur en organisasiegesindhede. Die hipotese is getoets met data van 769 werknemers van verskeie takke van ’n groot Europese multinasionale maatskappy. Daar is in totaal 15

  5. Editorial Volume 9, Issue 2

    Monir Mir


    Full Text Available There are five excellent studies which are published in this issue of Australasian Accounting, Banking and Finance Journal (AABFJ. As summarised below, out of these five studies, four of the studies have investigated and explored various accounting, finance and accountability issues of emerging and developing economies. Although more needs to be done, it is encouraging to observe that researchers from developing and emerging economies have been making progress in disseminating their research findings to the interested global communities.

  6. Business Ethics: Some Theoretical Issues

    Lluka, Valon


    Ethics can be defined as a process of evaluating actions according to moral principal of values. Throughout the centuries people were trying to choose between profit and moral. Perhaps, some of them obtain both, but every time it could have roused ethical issues. Those issues concern fairness, justice, rightness or wrongness; as a result it can only be resolved according to ethical standards. Setting the ethical standards for the way of doing business in corporation is primarily task of m...

  7. Call for Special Issue Proposals


    The Interdisciplinary Journal of Problem-Based Learning is seeking proposals for guest edited special topics issue to be published in 2016. The special issue should focus on a targeted area of interest relevant to problem-based learning, project-based learning, case-based learning, anchored instruction, or inquiry broadly. We are open to any areas of specialized interest, whether they are context, content, or process related.

  8. Gender issues of financial analysts

    Jingwen Ge


    Increased attention has been drawn to the gender disparity in workplace. This dissertation is dedicated to provide sight to the gender issues in financial analysts. Profound literature reviews are conducted about gender issues and financial analysts, respectively in order to comprehend the existing gender concerns in the business world, and role and functions of financial analysts. Research proposals are described to answer the following question: whether women financial analysts are more lik...

  9. Some methodological issues in biosurveillance.

    Fricker, Ronald D


    This paper briefly summarizes a short course I gave at the 12th Biennial Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) and Agency for Toxic Substances and Disease Registry (ATSDR) Symposium held in Decatur, Georgia on April 6, 2009. The goal of this short course was to discuss various methodological issues of biosurveillance detection algorithms, with a focus on the issues related to developing, evaluating, and implementing such algorithms.

  10. Issues in early identification of hearing loss.

    Alberti, P W; Hyde, M L; Riko, K; Corbin, H; Fitzhardinge, P M


    In a general hospital, an early detection research program based on a high risk register and brain stem electric response audiometry (BERA) using click and frequency-specific stimuli identified 631 at-risk neonates from the well baby nursery and the neonatal intensive care nursery (ICN). BERA tests were done before discharge and four months later; comparison of outcomes revealed substantial discrepancies. From the follow-up test, 51 cases of mild to severe hearing loss were identified. Experience from the research program has raised some issues relevant for establishment of service programs. Evaluation of all babies (general nursery and ICN) is justified on the basis of yield but is resource consuming; strategies for minimizing work load are discussed. Risk factor criterion levels affect case loading and yield. Frequency-specific BERA identifies cases which would not be detected by click stimuli and which raise management questions. Deferral of testing to four months is feasible and desirable.


    Farfan, E.


    development and testing of effective cleanup technologies to reduce environmental and health risks. Based on this work, a large amount of data are now available for publication, some of which are presented in this Special Issue of the Health Physics Journal.

  12. [Ethical issues in genome-era].

    Kosugi, Shinji


    Handling of personal genome information is one of the most important current ethical issues in the era of next generation sequencer which is technically progressing at a furious speed, making it 100,000 times faster in only in five years. The author picked up topics of(1) research and clinical guidelines of handling of human genome information, (2) incidental and secondary findings of next generation sequencer in clinical exome and genome sequencing, and (3) so-called direct-to-consumer genetic testing services. In the topic(2), ACMG (American College of Medical Genetics and Genomics) recommendations inreporting incidental findings proposed in 2013 and 2014 are focused.

  13. Reliability and quality EEE parts issues

    Barney, Dan; Feigenbaum, Irwin


    NASA policy and procedures are established which govern the selection, testing, and application of electrical, electronic, and electromechanical (EEE) parts. Recent advances in the state-of-the-art of electronic parts and associated technologies can significantly impact the electronic designs and reliability of NASA space transportation avionics. Significant issues that result from these advances are examined, including: recent advances in microelectronics technology (as applied to or considered for use in NASA projects); electron packaging technology advances (concurrent with, and as a result of, the development of the advanced microelectronic devices); availability of parts used in space avionics; and standardization and integration of parts activities between projects, centers, and contractors.

  14. The futility of being held captive by language policy issues in applied linguistics: an argument for implementation

    Sinfree Makoni


    Full Text Available Some South African Applied Linguists and political language activists are currently operating in a policy mode. This paper argues that the continued interest in and preoccupation with language policy issues arises from an interplay of two factors: (I Overconfidence in the role that a new language policy could play in effecting change particularly in education (2 Overcorifidence in the beneficial impact of innovations. The paper also argues that trust in the effectiveness of language policy is misplaced because many language problems cannot readily be solved by planning unless detailed attention is paid to what is necessary for policy to be implemented and evaluated. The paper concludes by proposing how such detailed implementation could be carried out. Party Suid-Afrikaanse toegepaste taalwetenskaplikes en politieke taalaktiviste werk tans in 'n beleidsmodus. In hierdie referaat word aangevoer dat die volgehoue belangstelling en preokkupasie met taalbeleidsake voortspruit uit die wisselwerking van twee faktore: (I Oormatige vertroue in die rol wat 'n nuwe taalbeleid kan speel om verandering te bewerkstellig, vera! in die opvoedkunde (2 Oormatige vertroue in die voordelige impak van nuwighede. In hierdie referaat word oak aangevoer dat die vertroue in die effektiwiteit van taalbeleid misplaas is omdat baie taalprobleme nie geredelik deur beplanning opgelos kan word nie, behalwe as gedetailleerde aandag gegee word aan dit wat nodig is om 'n beleid te implementeer en te evalueer. Die referaat word afgesluit met voorstelle oar hoe hierdie gedetailleerde implementasie uitgevoer kan word.

  15. Legal issues in radon affairs

    Massuelle, M.H. [Inst. de Protection et de Surete Nucleaire, Fontenay aux Roses (France)


    In France, it was only recently that cases related to high radon concentrations in dwellings received substantial publicity. This irruption of radon as a public health issue came with the general progress of scientific knowledge and the availability of a research capacity in France able to develop expertise. We are interested here in the legal implications of issues that arise from the lag between the activity of expertsand the regulatory activity in the domain of radon. We use the term expertise very broadly, to cover the practical application of research findings, the relation of the researchers with the community, and finally the acts by which experts provide their knowledge to the community. We first examine the course by which science developed the radon issue and the way they organized to move from research to expertise; here we try to characterize the various needs for radon expertise. We then discuss the legal difficulties associated with radon expertise.

  16. Introduction to the special issue

    Gorka Elordieta


    Full Text Available For the past few years there has been an intense and increasing collaboration effort between researchers working on the Iberian languages, and this is particularly true in the realm of phonetics and phonology. The 'Journal of Portuguese Linguistics 'has played a role in contributing to stimulate such a collaborative research focusing on the Iberian languages: first with a Special Issue on 'Variation and Change in the Iberian Languages: the Peninsula and Beyond', and now with a Special Issue on the 'Prosody of Ibero-Romance and Related Languages'. In fact, to broaden its scope of coverage to the Iberian languages has become an explicit goal of the journal. As guest-editors of this issue, we are very pleased to be able to contribute to this objective, which we find an extremely fruitful one.

  17. Special Issue: "Molecules against Alzheimer".

    Decker, Michael; Muñoz-Torrero, Diego


    This Special Issue, entitled "Molecules against Alzheimer", gathers a number of original articles, short communications, and review articles on recent research efforts toward the development of novel drug candidates, diagnostic agents and therapeutic approaches for Alzheimer's disease (AD), the most prevalent neurodegenerative disorder and a leading cause of death worldwide. This Special Issue contains many interesting examples describing the design, synthesis, and pharmacological profiling of novel compounds that hit one or several key biological targets, such as cholinesterases, β-amyloid formation or aggregation, monoamine oxidase B, oxidative stress, biometal dyshomeostasis, mitochondrial dysfunction, serotonin and/or melatonin systems, the Wnt/β-catenin pathway, sigma receptors, nicotinamide phosphoribosyltransferase, or nuclear erythroid 2-related factor. The development of novel AD diagnostic agents based on tau protein imaging and the use of lithium or intranasal insulin for the prevention or the symptomatic treatment of AD is also covered in some articles of the Special Issue.

  18. Legal issues in radon affairs

    Massuelle, M.H. [Inst. de Protection et de Surete Nucleaire, Fontenay aux Roses (France)


    In France, it was only recently that cases related to high radon concentrations in dwellings received substantial publicity. This irruption of radon as a public health issue came with the general progress of scientific knowledge and the availability of a research capacity in France able to develop expertise. We are interested here in the legal implications of issues that arise from the lag between the activity of expertsand the regulatory activity in the domain of radon. We use the term expertise very broadly, to cover the practical application of research findings, the relation of the researchers with the community, and finally the acts by which experts provide their knowledge to the community. We first examine the course by which science developed the radon issue and the way they organized to move from research to expertise; here we try to characterize the various needs for radon expertise. We then discuss the legal difficulties associated with radon expertise.

  19. Ethical issues in livestock cloning.

    Thompson, P B


    Although cloning may eventually become an important technology for livestock production, four ethical issues must be addressed before the practice becomes widespread. First, researchers must establish that the procedure is not detrimental to the health or well-being of affected animals. Second, animal research institutions should evaluate the net social benefits to livestock producers by weighing the benefits to producers against the opportunity cost of research capacity lost to biomedical projects. Third, scientists should consider the indirect effects of cloning research on the larger ethical issues surrounding human cloning. Finally, the market structure for products of cloned animals should protect individual choice, and should recognize that many individuals find the prospect of cloning (or consuming cloned animals) repugnant. Analysis of these four issues is complicated by spurious arguments alleging that cloning will have a negative impact on environment and genetic diversity.

  20. Census 2001: issues and perspectives.


    This article discusses the Census of India for 2001 and gender issues such as the sex ratio, undercounts of girls, tribe and scheduled caste data, and the data users' conference. The April 1998 conference was attended by representatives of government planning and development departments, research institutions, and statisticians and researchers. Under consideration was a government Ministry of Welfare proposal to reintroduce, after a 60-year hiatus, data by scheduled caste and tribe. This issue is complicated by criteria that vary by state and includability. Quotas for backward classes in educational institutions, government jobs, and in decision-making bodies are the reason for designations by caste. Some groups are distressed because of lack of inclusion as backward classes. M.N. Srinivas strongly advises that counting by caste will create problems for enumerators and will result in lawsuits and violent disturbances. G. Shah argues that caste counts will not weaken the caste system nor expand their political power, but will intensify internal conflicts between the Dalit and Bahujan movements. One other issue is the reintroduction of the 1961 Household schedule which provides family composition by landholding size and household enterprise. Krishnaji advises that this data would help analyze sex ratio imbalances. In 1997, the Core Group examined gender equity issues and operational issues about increasing the scope without increasing costs. The Core Group recommended caste data at the district and sub-district level. Undercounting of the female work force is a continuing issue from the 1991 Census. Suggestions by the Core Group are indicated in brief.

  1. Editorial Volume 6 Issue 3

    Ciorstan Smark


    Full Text Available This issue of AABFJ has several finance articles related to the Australian securities market. Segara, Das and Turner (2012 report results from the use of active extension strategies in the Australian equities market. Lee (2012 examines whether individual hedge funds and funds-of-hedge funds (FOHFs exhibit risk-return trade-off patterns. Finally, Aldamen, Duncan and Khan (2012 explore the impact of corporate governance on the demand for debt in the Australian market. Pickering (2012 explores the issue of whether public (ASX listed or partnership ownership of accounting firms is the more efficient form.

  2. Editorial: Volume 3, Issue 2

    Kristy Archuleta


    Full Text Available In the mid-year issue of the Journal of Financial Therapy, we highlighted the many accomplishments the Journal has made in just three short years. The submissions to the Journal continue to grow, the quality of submissions is increasing, and the diversity of topics is expanding. For example, in this issue, topics of articles are not only specifically related to financial therapy, but also include: (a financial literacy and social work, (b financial coaching, and (c financial trauma and tactical asset management. Seeing the Journal expand and grow is very exciting!

  3. Reproductive issues in anorexia nervosa

    Hoffman, Elizabeth R; Zerwas, Stephanie C; Bulik, Cynthia M


    Despite a high prevalence of menstrual irregularities, women with anorexia nervosa are becoming pregnant. The physical and psychological demands of pregnancy and motherhood can represent an immense challenge for women already struggling with the medical and psychological stress of an eating disorder. This article summarizes key issues related to reproduction in women with anorexia nervosa, highlighting the importance of preconception counseling, adequate gestational weight gain, and sufficient pre- and post-natal nutrition. Postpartum issues including eating disorder symptom relapse, weight loss, breastfeeding, and risk of perinatal depression and anxiety are also discussed. PMID:22003362

  4. A potential issue for the OPERA neutrino velocity measurement

    Palazzo, Antonio


    We discuss what we think may be a potential issue for the OPERA neutrino velocity measurement, in connection with the statistical procedure employed for the extraction of the neutrino time of flight. We show that such a potential problem may have eluded the Monte Carlo tests performed by the collaboration. Only the collaboration has the information necessary to clarify the issue, make quantitative estimates and trace definitive conclusions.

  5. Introducing to the first issue

    Cesar Acleto


    Full Text Available The presentation of the first issue of the REVISTA PERUANA DE BIOLOGíA, as official organ of dissemination of ASOCIACION DE BIOLOGOS DE LA UNIVERSIDAD DE SAN MARCOS, the reverse of the COVER is included with editorial information and BACK COVER with guidelines for authors and the reverse table with the CONTENS.

  6. Ethics Issues Snare School Leaders

    Borja, Rhea R.


    This article reports on ethics issues involving school leaders. Some superintendents have landed in murky ethical waters for their ties to for-profit companies, highlighting the temptations administrators face as industry and education increasingly intersect. Some questionable judgments by superintendents--from accepting company-paid trips to…

  7. Overriding information issues. Final report

    Hein, Vibeke


    The Nordic project on overriding information issues focus on why an information project, how to inform about a difficult subject in a modern society, how to provide advance information, how to inform when the accident has occurred and how to inform about NKS and projects. (au)

  8. Critical Analyses of Social Issues.

    Anastasiadis, Laurel


    Describes a three-part midterm exercise designed to demonstrate how using general semantics as an analytical tool can increase awareness and improve critical thinking about an issue. Explains each phase of the assignment in detail. Concludes with student responses to the exercise, indicating that the exercise is indeed helpful in analyzing current…

  9. Menopause: Salient Issues for Counselors.

    Patterson, Marilyn M.; Lynch, Ann Q.


    Discusses issues surrounding menopause, with the idea that counselors are in an ideal position to help change attitudes toward viewing menopause as a time of positive change rather than a time of psychological distress. Reviews historical, sociological, psychological, and attitudinal factors that account for negative responses associated with…

  10. ELLEIEC implementation issues in EIE

    Friesel, Anna; Thiriet, Jean-Marc; Yahoui, Hamed;


    The ELLEIEC ERASMUS thematic network runs from October 2008 to September 2011. Within this project, Task 4 is dedicated to “Implementation issues across EIE”. The idea of this task is to see how we can, thanks to implementation using Programmes available from the European Commission and associate...

  11. Editorial Volume 4 Issue 3

    Ciorstan J. Smark


    Full Text Available This issue of AABFJ presents papers from a range of approaches and research topics in keeping with thejournal’s broad focus on accounting, finance and business. This issue includes the examination of microstructurefinance in the context of real estate pricing and an analysis straddling financial analysis and the roleof accounting standards in decision-making. The policing paper in accounting employs a socialconstructionist approach to the study of the New Zealand public sector. Business education is represented ina study of students undertaking internships as part of their university degree in commerce. In the last issue,the editors flagged the move to broaden the scope of the journal to include shorter articles and book reviews.This issue presents the first book review. Readers will no doubt notice that the printable Research Onlineformat has returned to A4. In an environment of resource constraints, both financially and environmentally,the editors decided that the revised format is more appropriate. As usual, electronic media is the mostprevalent mode of delivery.This

  12. Preface to the Special Issue


    I am delighted to introduce this fifth special issue of L2 Journal, titled Critical Perspectives on Neoliberalism in Second/Foreign Language Education, guest-edited by five doctoral students from UC Berkeley’s Graduate School of Education: Katie Bernstein, Emily Hellmich, Noah Katznelson, Jaran Shin, and Kimberly Vinall.

  13. Environmental issues affecting CCT development

    Wainman, B. [U.S. House of Representatives, Washington, DC (United States)


    The author discusses her thoughts on prospects for an energy policy from this Congress. She doesn`t believe the country will see any big sweeping energy policy acts or even utility deregulation in the next two years. Education on the issues is necessary. The author discusses the impacts for clean coal technologies and recommends continued aggressive work on deployment.

  14. Rural Literacy Issues in Alberta.

    Bell, James H.

    This paper reviews results of a questionnaire distributed to literacy workers in rural Alberta (Canada) to ascertain their views on rural literacy. The questionnaire was designed to identify: (1) distinctive features of the issue of adult illiteracy in rural areas; (2) the strengths of literacy efforts in rural Alberta; (3) the weaknesses of…

  15. Introduction to the Special Issue.

    Petrosino, Anthony


    Introduces the articles of this special issue focusing on randomized field trials in criminology. In spite of the overall lack of randomized field trials in criminology, some agencies and individuals are able to mount an impressive number of field trials, and these articles focus on their experiences. (SLD)

  16. Special issue introduction: Ecological modernization

    Massa, Ilmo; Andersen, Mikael Skou


    The contributions to this special issue of the Journal of Environmental Policy and Planning stem from an international conference on ecological modernization that took place at the Department of Social Policy of the University of Helsinki, Finland, in late 1998. They have been selected, among other...... and restoring its meaning and justification for the environmental debate....

  17. Classroom Implementation. Issues in Assessment.

    Malinowski, Patricia A., Ed.

    This booklet, second in a series on issues in assessment, seeks to describe an initiative supported by Finger Lakes Community College (New York) to use classroom assessment techniques (CATs) in different academic areas and to present an overview of some assessment approaches that have been used in the classroom. Papers include: (1) "Enhancing…

  18. Enduring Issues In Educational Assessment

    Della-Piana, Gabriel M.


    Assessments were an important tool recommended by "A Nation at Risk;" however, a generation after that report, many of the problems with student assessment still remain. This article offers brief reflections on three somewhat overlapping but enduring issues in educational assessment: validity, construct underrepresentation in outcome measures in…

  19. Death Outlook and Social Issues.

    Feifel, Herman; Schag, Daniel


    Examined the hypothesis that there is a relationship between outlook on death and orientation toward mercy killing, abortion, suicide, and euthanasia. Some relationships between death attitudes and perspectives on the social issues emphasized the need to consider specific circumstances as well as abstract concepts. (Author)

  20. Unresolved Issues of Cooperative Learning.

    Cook, Stuart W.

    Proposals to use interracial/cross-ethnic learning teams in desegregated classrooms raise issues from research that demonstrate the complicated nature of the relationship between learning teams and classroom interracial relations. According to the research, relationships are affected by the characteristics of learning teams, namely…

  1. Visual Gestalt formation [special issue

    Helm, P.A. van der; Lier, R.J. van; Wagemans, J.P.


    This special issue appears on the occasion of Emanuel Leeuwenberg’s retirement. During 40yea rs of research on visual perception, Leeuwenberg studied a wide range of topics, such as judged complexity, neon effects, subjective contours, visual pattern completion, ambiguity, assimilation and contrast,

  2. Current Issues in Maritime Health

    Wagtmann, Maria Anne


     In the early part of 2008, Maria Anne Wagtmann had the opportunity to interview the former president of the International Maritime Health Association, Dr. Tim Carter, in London about a number of current maritime health issues. In this interview, Dr. Tim Carter, who is cur­rently employed...

  3. Ethical Issues in Media Practice



    Journalists are always confronted by ethical definitions on the daily basis during their media practice.In this article,some ethical issues happened in media practice are analyzed,and aspects of both news reporters and public opinion are deeply studied,and the balance between both professional and ethics is probed seriously as well.

  4. Resolving Ethical Issues at School

    Benninga, Jacques S.


    Although ethical dilemmas are a constant in teachers' lives, the profession has offered little in the way of training to help teachers address such issues. This paper presents a framework, based on developmental theory, for resolving professional ethical dilemmas. The Four-Component Model of Moral Maturity, when used in conjunction with a…

  5. Psychosocial Issues in Learning Disabilities.

    Heisler, Alice B.


    Emotional development from infancy to adolescence is traced and the effects of psychosocial issues on a child with a learning disability are considered for five of E. Erikson's seven proposed stages (trust, autonomy, initiative, industry, adolescence). The need for intervention and parent counseling at each state is emphasized. (CL)

  6. Invidious Discrimination: Second Generation Issues

    Simpson, Robert J.; Dee, Paul


    Discusses school law issues dealing with various forms of invidious discrimination. Considers discrimination based on forms of involuntary association (ethnicity, economic status, primary language, and maturity) and forms of voluntary association (sexual proclivity, marital status, pregnancy and parenthood, self-expression and appearance, religion…

  7. Better Reporting of Population Issues.

    Population Education in Asia and the Pacific Newsletter and Forum, 1990


    Presented are the focus and the annotated issues from a workshop on new perspectives in population education for 19 Pacific Island journalists, both print and broadcast, from government and nongovernment agencies. The regional workshop was jointly organized by UNESCO and the South Pacific Commission during February 1990, in Auckland, New Zealand.…

  8. Continuing Education: Facing the Issues.

    Broadbent, Marianne


    Examines a number of issues facing the Australian library and information services community in the area of continuing education, including recommendations of the Library Association of Australia, the cost of continuing education activities, the role and responsibility of schools of library and information studies, and notions of coordination.…

  9. Introduction to the Special Issue.

    Petrosino, Anthony


    Introduces the articles of this special issue focusing on randomized field trials in criminology. In spite of the overall lack of randomized field trials in criminology, some agencies and individuals are able to mount an impressive number of field trials, and these articles focus on their experiences. (SLD)

  10. Coding Issues in Grounded Theory

    Moghaddam, Alireza


    This paper discusses grounded theory as one of the qualitative research designs. It describes how grounded theory generates from data. Three phases of grounded theory--open coding, axial coding, and selective coding--are discussed, along with some of the issues which are the source of debate among grounded theorists, especially between its…

  11. Critical Issues in Program Evaluation.

    Wilson, Richard F.


    Five issues that emerge in most evaluation processes and that have direct consequences for use of results are identified: the dilemma of multiple purposes, the value of criteria, overscheduling, the linkage between evaluation and decision-making, and evaluating process effectiveness. (Author/MLW)

  12. Top Bankers Discuss Monetary Issues


    During the Fourth Session of the 11th National People’s Congress,the People’s Bank of China(PBC),the central bank,held a press con-ference on March 11.Central bank Governor Zhou Xiaochuan and three deputy governors answered questions on the country’s monetary policies and financial issues.Edited excerpts of their answers follow

  13. Coding Issues in Grounded Theory

    Moghaddam, Alireza


    This paper discusses grounded theory as one of the qualitative research designs. It describes how grounded theory generates from data. Three phases of grounded theory--open coding, axial coding, and selective coding--are discussed, along with some of the issues which are the source of debate among grounded theorists, especially between its…

  14. Addressing Transgender Issues in Schools

    Cavanagh, Marian


    As mainstream media focus more attention on transgender issues, and as anti-discrimination laws evolve, a shift is taking place on campuses. Many schools now include gender identity and expression in their inclusivity work and seek to establish policies and procedures to support transgender students and their families. It's not an easy task. In…




    Full Text Available Applying lean manufacturing philosophy is one of the most important concepts that help enterprises to gain competitive advantage in the world market. Suppliers are an important factor contributing to thesuccess of going lean. Major businesses in India as well as in other world, have been trying to integrate its suppliers to give better performance. In Indian small & medium scale enterprises (SME,application of lean manufacturing strategies especially in terms of supplier integration, have been far fewer. Indian SMEs are still resisting accepting the role of their suppliers to make them leaner. The aim of this study was to identify the supplier issues and their weightage in implementing the lean philosophy in Indian SMEs. The research hypothesizes that there are big opportunities for improvement in the Indian SMEs if it is made leaner by integrating its suppliers in its manufacturing system. Author identified total 21 supplier issues and divided these 21 supplier issues in four categories on conceptual basis named as Supplier Management strategy, Information Sharing with supplier, Supplier Integration, Capability to deal with uncertainty. Mean scores of all four categorized groups of supplier issues are ranked.

  16. Telematics Simulation: Recent Developments & Issues.

    Sutherland, Janet; Ekker, Knut; Morgan, Konrad; Crookall, David; Carbonell, Amparo Garcia

    Recent developments in Internet technologies have enabled new, more flexible forms of telematic simulation and have raised issues that were not considered in the early days of networked learning. Ultimately, these questions revolve around: (1) the learning cost-effectiveness of telematic simulation (quality and quantity of learning as opposed to…

  17. Ethical Issues Related to Restructuring.

    Mielke, Patricia L.; Schuh, John H.


    Offers a framework for thinking about ethical principles through the use of codes of ethics. Examines the ethical issues of restructuring and discusses specific ethical dilemmas. Specifically outlines ethics related to resources allocation and management, and details critical points in restructuring. Argues that ethical guidelines help shape…

  18. Educational Issues in Childhood Cancer.

    Armstrong, Daniel F.; Horn, Marianna


    Describes school issues for children with cancer. Presents the relationship between school performance and both the acute and long-term consequences of the type of cancer, radiation therapy, and chemotherapy. Reviews the results of the studies of the cognitive and academic effects of cranial radiation and chemotherapy, and a developmental model…

  19. Menopause: Salient Issues for Counselors.

    Patterson, Marilyn M.; Lynch, Ann Q.


    Discusses issues surrounding menopause, with the idea that counselors are in an ideal position to help change attitudes toward viewing menopause as a time of positive change rather than a time of psychological distress. Reviews historical, sociological, psychological, and attitudinal factors that account for negative responses associated with…

  20. Ethical issues in animal cloning.

    Fiester, Autumn


    The issue of human reproductive cloning has recently received a great deal attention in public discourse. Bioethicists, policy makers, and the media have been quick to identify the key ethical issues involved in human reproductive cloning and to argue, almost unanimously, for an international ban on such attempts. Meanwhile, scientists have proceeded with extensive research agendas in the cloning of animals. Despite this research, there has been little public discussion of the ethical issues raised by animal cloning projects. Polling data show that the public is decidedly against the cloning of animals. To understand the public's reaction and fill the void of reasoned debate about the issue, we need to review the possible objections to animal cloning and assess the merits of the anti-animal cloning stance. Some objections to animal cloning (e.g., the impact of cloning on the population of unwanted animals) can be easily addressed, while others (e.g., the health of cloned animals) require more serious attention by the public and policy makers.

  1. Analysis of high burnup fuel safety issues

    Lee, Chan Bock; Kim, D. H.; Bang, J. G.; Kim, Y. M.; Yang, Y. S.; Jung, Y. H.; Jeong, Y. H.; Nam, C.; Baik, J. H.; Song, K. W.; Kim, K. S


    Safety issues in steady state and transient behavior of high burnup LWR fuel above 50 - 60 MWD/kgU were analyzed. Effects of burnup extension upon fuel performance parameters was reviewed, and validity of both the fuel safety criteria and the performance analysis models which were based upon the lower burnup fuel test results was analyzed. It was found that further tests would be necessary in such areas as fuel failure and dispersion for RIA, and high temperature cladding corrosion and mechanical deformation for LOCA. Since domestic fuels have been irradiated in PWR up to burnup higher than 55 MWD/kgU-rod. avg., it can be said that Korea is in the same situation as the other countries in the high burnup fuel safety issues. Therefore, necessary research areas to be performed in Korea were derived. Considering that post-irradiation examination(PIE) for the domestic fuel of burnup higher than 30 MWD/kgU has not been done so far at all, it is primarily necessary to perform PIE for high burnup fuel, and then simulation tests for RIA and LOCA could be performed by using high burnup fuel specimens. For the areas which can not be performed in Korea, international cooperation will be helpful to obtain the test results. With those data base, safety of high burnup domestic fuels will be confirmed, current fuel safety criteria will be re-evaluated, and finally transient high burnup fuel behavior analysis technology will be developed through the fuel performance analysis code development.

  2. The safety issues of medical robotics

    Fei Baowei; Ng, W.S.; Chauhan, Sunita; Kwoh, Chee Keong


    In this paper, we put forward a systematic method to analyze, control and evaluate the safety issues of medical robotics. We created a safety model that consists of three axes to analyze safety factors. Software and hardware are the two material axes. The third axis is the policy that controls all phases of design, production, testing and application of the robot system. The policy was defined as hazard identification and safety insurance control (HISIC) that includes seven principles: definitions and requirements, hazard identification, safety insurance control, safety critical limits, monitoring and control, verification and validation, system log and documentation. HISIC was implemented in the development of a robot for urological applications that was known as URObot. The URObot is a universal robot with different modules adaptable for 3D ultrasound image-guided interstitial laser coagulation, radiation seed implantation, laser resection, and electrical resection of the prostate. Safety was always the key issue in the building of the robot. The HISIC strategies were adopted for safety enhancement in mechanical, electrical and software design. The initial test on URObot showed that HISIC had the potential ability to improve the safety of the system. Further safety experiments are being conducted in our laboratory.

  3. Debt Issues and Earnings Management

    Bianca Piloto Sincerre


    Full Text Available ABSTRACT The aim of this paper is to analyze earnings management (EM surrounding debenture issues of companies listed on the BM&FBOVESPA. EM is an intentional intervention in external financial reports in order to obtain some private gain. This practice is especially important at the time of issuing debentures because if earnings are inflated, investors may pay an artificially high price. To measure earnings management, current discretionary accruals were used as a proxy, based on the Modified Jones and Modified Jones with ROA econometric models. All of the regressions considered the fixed effects of the companies and the time series effects of the analyses. Evidence was found that companies inflate their financial results in the issuing period in order to positively influence their investors. The results suggest that there is EM in the quarter preceding the issue (t = - 1, indicating the influence that investors may have been under when making the decision to invest in debentures from these companies. In addition, it was verified that companies with higher debt, profitability, and sales growth ratios have higher levels of earnings management. The reputation of the auditor was not statistically significant regarding reductions in the level of management. The results also show that companies listed on Level II and New Market had higher levels of management when considering the Modified Jones with ROA model. Therefore, it can be concluded that there is a greater level of earnings management in companies that issue debentures in the period preceding the event. Finally, the variable that is directly related to the level of earnings management is sales growth.

  4. FOREWORD: Special issue on mass

    Gläser, Michael


    This special issue is intended to present a review of mass standards, mass determination and the efforts to replace the international prototype of the kilogram by a new definition of the kilogram based on a fundamental constant of physics. Mass is a quantity that is familiar to everybody primarily for its importance in commerce. It is not only one of the traditional quantities of metrology but also of science in general. The unit of mass has always been based on a material object and, since 1889, on the international prototype of the kilogram. The mass of any standard weight is derived from this prototype by a cascade of comparison measurements using balances. The sources of uncertainty of the mass of a standard depend upon the circumstances of the weighing process and the long-term instabilities of the intermediate standards. The international prototype—its mass is one kilogram by definition—may also suffer from instabilities or drifts in time, but until now it has not been possible to check this by comparison with a fundamental constant in physics. Repeated verifications of some 40 or so national prototypes of the members of the Metre Convention have shown significant drifts with an average of about 50 µg within 100 years, a fact that casts doubt on the stability of the international prototype itself. Experiments have been underway for about 30 years on linking fundamental constants such as the Avogadro constant or, correspondingly, the atomic mass unit and Planck's constant to the kilogram. Relative uncertainties of the order of 10-7 have been reached today, still one order of magnitude too large for monitoring the stability of the international prototype or for a new definition. The first article of this special issue gives information on the international and the national prototypes of the kilogram, its material, manufacture, cleaning procedures, stability investigations and the periodic verifications of national prototypes. The next article describes


    Farfan, E.


    international scientific community to support ICC and join its activities (Chernobyl Center 2006). In December 1995, a memorandum of understanding (MOU) on the ChNPP closure was signed by the government of Ukraine, all of the G7 governments, and the European Commission. The ICC foundation was considered critical to ensure the safe decommissioning of the ChNPP reactor units and improvement of the safety of the Chernobyl Containment Shelter. On the 10th anniversary of the Chernobyl accident (26 April 1996), Mr. Viktor Yushchenko, the President of Ukraine, issued a decree to establish the Chernobyl Center for Nuclear Safety, Radioactive Waste and Radioecology (Chernobyl Center). On the same day, a MOU involving the US participation in Chernobyl Center activities was signed by the US and Ukraine (Chernobyl Center 2006). In July 1998, the US and Ukraine signed an agreement to establish the International Radioecology Laboratory (IRL) as part of the Chernobyl Center. The creation of IRL was a logical continuation of previous programs to conduct scientific research in radioecology and provide Ukraine and the rest of the world with the necessary infrastructure and scientific basis to conduct research in radioecology, radiobiology, dosimetry, and environmental protection in the ChEZ (Chernobyl Center 2006). A recent collaborative effort with IRL has been implemented through a project titled 'Long-term impacts from radiation/contamination within the Chernobyl Exclusion Zone' (Farfan et al. 2008; Gerdes et al. 2009; Marra et al. 2010). This collaboration had the following objectives: (1) Assess the long-term impacts to the environment from radiation exposure within the ChEZ; (2) Provide information on remediation guidelines and ecological risk assessment within radioactively contaminated territories based on the results of long-term field monitoring, analytical measurements, and numerical modeling of soils and groundwater radioactive contamination; and (3) Recommend the

  6. Evidence on public policy: methodological issues, political issues and examples.

    Attanasio, Orazio P


    In this paper I discuss how evidence on public policy is generated and in particular the issue of evaluation of public policies. In economics, the issue of attribution and the identification of causal links has recently received considerable attention. Important methodological issues have been tackled and new techniques have been proposed and used. Randomized Control Trials have become some sort of gold standard. However, they are not exempt from problems and have important limitations: in some case they cannot be constructed and, more generally, problems of external validity and transferability of results can be important. The paper then moves on to discuss the political economy of policy evaluations for policy evaluations to have an impact for the conduct of actual policy, it is important that the demand for evaluation comes directly from the policy making process and is generated endogenously within it. In this sense it is important that the institutional design of policy making is such that policy making institutions are incentivized to use rigorous evaluation in the process of designing policies and allocating resources to alternative options. Economists are currently involved in the design and evaluation of many policies, including policies about health, nutrition and education. The role they can play in these fields is not completely obvious. The paper argues that their main contribution is in the modelling of how individual reacts to incentives (including those provided by public policies).

  7. Can Ethics Be Taught? A Quasi-Experimental Study of the Impact of Class Size on the Cognitive Moral Reasoning of Freshmen Business Students

    Sullivan, Ethan A.


    The purpose of this study was to determine the impact of a business ethics course on the cognitive moral reasoning of freshmen business students. The sample consisted of 268 college students enrolled in a required business ethics course. The students took Rest's Defining Issues Test--Version 2 (DIT2) as a pre-test and then post-test (upon…

  8. Can Ethics Be Taught? A Quasi-Experimental Study of the Impact of Class Size on the Cognitive Moral Reasoning of Freshmen Business Students

    Sullivan, Ethan A.


    The purpose of this study was to determine the impact of a business ethics course on the cognitive moral reasoning of freshmen business students. The sample consisted of 268 college students enrolled in a required business ethics course. The students took Rest's Defining Issues Test--Version 2 (DIT2) as a pre-test and then post-test (upon…



    examinations, creating in the students, sense of responsibility and good study habit. ... of a great number of soldiers for the purpose of assigning them to different military tasks. .... Classroom tests are achievement tests prepared by the teacher.

  10. Pragmatics of Testing

    İsmail Fırat ALTAY


    Full Text Available Teaching of a language is a very complicated issue and testing is anindispensable part of this matter. Thanks to testing teachers can assess efficiency ofteaching and learning atmosphere, and can get feedback about their learners. In order torealize this, a test should have some qualifications. One of these qualifications is aboutpragmatics. This paper aims at explaining what makes a test pragmatic and howpragmatic tests can be formed. So, examples of pragmatic tests of different types arepresented with explanations. Their pragmatic components and nature are focused on bygiving example test items on the problematic area of test questions prepared. Finally,the writer states his last words by making further comments and explanations onpragmatics of testing in the conclusion part.

  11. Ethical issues in physical therapy.

    Richardson, Robert W


    Healthcare professionals can be confronted with a wide range of ethical and regulatory issues in today's ever-changing practice environments. While achieving best practice standards, physical therapists may need to compromise what is best for patients due to fiscally driven rules, regulations, and limited benefits. Scenarios may surface where ethical issues and associated dilemmas become paramount between what is versus what should be. A challenge that should be in the forefront of professional endeavors is staying current with published rules, regulations, and conditions of participation, as applied to various practice models and environments while still adhering to ethical codes. Knowing and utilizing available resources especially American Physical Therapy Association (APTA), websites, documents, and references can strengthen practice patterns and treatment options.

  12. Ethical issues in radiation protection

    Persson, Lars (ed.)


    Ethical theories are relevant to the current recommendations and standards for radiation protection. Radiation protection is not only a matter for science. It is also a problem of philosophy. In order for protection regulations to be respected, it must correspond to widely accepted ethical values among those who are affected by the regulations. The workshop covered the following issues: Problems in Present Protection Policy, ICRP Protection Policy - A Historical Perspective, Radiation Risk - What we know and what we believe, Present ICRP Recommendations, Ethical Values in the Context of ICRP Recommendations, Collective Responsibility for Invisible Harm, Environmental Protection - Ethical Issues, The Global Change of Values, and Procedural justice and Radiation Protection. Six workshop contributions and a workshop summary are presented in this report.

  13. Ethical issues in sport psychology.

    Watson, Jack C; Way, William C; Hilliard, Robert C


    The field of sport psychology is dynamic and growing. To continue building credibility with the public and allied professionals, effective and ethical practice is crucial. Advances in technology have allowed sport psychology professionals to consult with athletes from a distance, but practitioners must be mindful of their competency to use technology, confidentiality concerns, and the suitability of technology for their clients. Movement toward defining competency and clarifying issues of title usage are additional areas in which the field is gaining momentum. Recent attention has also been drawn to the topics of professional development and cultural competency. With the unique settings in which applied sport psychology practice takes place, attention to multiple relationships is another key ethical issue. Copyright © 2017 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

  14. Special Issue: Single Molecule Techniques

    Hans H. Gorris


    Full Text Available Technological advances in the detection and manipulation of single molecules have enabled new insights into the function, structure and interactions of biomolecules. This Special Issue was launched to account for the rapid progress in the field of “Single Molecule Techniques”. Four original research articles and seven review articles provide an introduction, as well as an in-depth discussion, of technical developments that are indispensable for the characterization of individual biomolecules. Fluorescence microscopy takes center stage in this Special Issue because it is one of the most sensitive and flexible techniques, which has been adapted in many variations to the specific demands of single molecule analysis. Two additional articles are dedicated to single molecule detection based on atomic force microscopy.

  15. Disciplinary Fragmentation in Comprehensive Issues

    Lauridsen, Erik Hagelskjær


    of environmental degradation of the lakes. Articles on environmental planning contain a more integrated understanding of the environmental degradation as a result of social activities. But also here the scope of the studies tend to be limited to the water related issues. The results of the literature survey...... welfare of the population at large. This paper suggests that The Lake Bassin must be described and analyzed as a comprehensive issue which integrates an understanding of the uplands of the lake as more than watersheds. A literature surevey was performed searching major international research databases...... to social and economic factors are not subjects of specific analysis in the literature. They can to some extent be derived from the assumptions of the articles on environmental planning: Socio-economic data are available as statistics for the area, but they are not related to the concrete sources...

  16. Editorial, Volume 7, Issue 2

    Kristy L Archuleta


    Full Text Available This issue features four articles, two profiles, and one book review. Each article adds a new contribution to the field of financial therapy. First, Dr. Asebedo applies a conflict resolution framework to money arguments. Next, Drs. Rea, Zuiker, and Mendenhall explore financial management practices among emerging adult couples. In the third paper, Drs. Ann Woodyard and Cliff Robb help to add further description of financial satisfaction. Then, Dr. Russell James offers a unique theoretical analysis of mortality salience and financial decisions. This issue also features a practitioner profile of Beth Crittenden and a scholar profile of Sarah Asebedo. Finally, we conclude with a review by Neal VanZutphen about a book entitled, The Seven Principles for Making Marriage Work.

  17. Sustainability issues in civil engineering

    Saride, Sireesh; Basha, B


    This compilation on sustainability issues in civil engineering comprises contributions from international experts who have been working in the area of sustainability in civil engineering. Many of the contributions have been presented as keynote lectures at the International Conference on Sustainable Civil Infrastructure (ICSCI) held in Hyderabad, India. The book has been divided into core themes of Sustainable Transportation Systems, Sustainable Geosystems, Sustainable Environmental and Water Resources and Sustainable Structural Systems. Use of sustainability principles in engineering has become an important component of the process of design and in this context, design and analysis approaches in civil engineering are being reexamined to incorporate the principles of sustainable designs and construction in practice. Developing economies are on the threshold of rapid infrastructure growth and there is a need to compile the developments in various branches of civil engineering and highlight the issues. It is th...

  18. Special Issue "Biomaterials and Bioprinting".

    Chua, Chee Kai; Yeong, Wai Yee; An, Jia


    The emergence of bioprinting in recent years represents a marvellous advancement in 3D printing technology. It expands the range of 3D printable materials from the world of non-living materials into the world of living materials. Biomaterials play an important role in this paradigm shift. This Special Issue focuses on biomaterials and bioprinting and contains eight articles covering a number of recent topics in this emerging area.

  19. Joint Force Quarterly. Issue 36


    units that are regionally based. Their location should depend on pop - ulation mass. CBRNE weapons are most effective when used in heavily populated...strik- ingly symmetrical and historically surreal way to 106 JFQ / issue thirty-six Iraqi counterterrorism soldiers searching for weapons. U .S . M...territory presented their own pop - ulation statistics based on nationality. However, in the Balkans a single disputed territory might actually contain

  20. IRST system: hardware implementation issues

    Deshpande, Suyog D.; Chan, Philip; Ser, W.; Venkateswarlu, Ronda


    Generally, Infrared Search and Track systems use linear focal-plane-arrays with time-delay and integration, because of their high sensitivity. However, the readout is a cumbersome process and needs special effort. This paper describes signal processing and hardware (HW) implementation issues related to front-end electronics, non-uniformity compensation, signal formatting, target detection, tracking and display system. This paper proposes parallel pipeline architecture with dedicated HW for computationally intensive algorithms and SW intensive DSP HW for reconfigurable architecture.