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Sample records for islamic star patterns

  1. Engaging with Islamic Patterns

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sugarman, Ian

    2012-01-01

    Islamic patterns were a regular feature in mathematics classrooms, and probably still feature in many wall displays. However, as part of the learning process, these ancient designs appear to have lost any significant contemporary appeal. Here, the power of software is engaged to bring the construction of Islamic type patterns up to date. Forget…

  2. Islamic geometric patterns their historical development and traditional methods of construction

    CERN Document Server

    Bonner, Jay

    2017-01-01

    The main focus of this unique book is an in-depth examination of the polygonal technique; the primary method used by master artists of the past in creating Islamic geometric patterns. The author details the design methodology responsible for this all-but-lost art form and presents evidence for its use from the historical record, both of which are vital contributions to the understanding of this ornamental tradition. Additionally, the author examines the historical development of Islamic geometric patterns, the significance of geometric design within the broader context of Islamic ornament as a whole, the formative role that geometry plays throughout the Islamic ornamental arts (including calligraphy, the floral idiom, dome decoration, geometric patterns, and more), and the underexamined question of pattern classification. Featuring over 600 beautiful color images, Islamic Geometric Patterns: Their Historical Development and Traditional Methods of Construction is a valuable addition to the literature of Islam...

  3. Transnational Islamic activism and radicalization : patterns, trends, and prognosticators.

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Colbaugh, Richard; Engi, Dennis; LaViolette, Randall A.; Spomer, Judith E.

    2010-06-01

    The research described in this report developed the theoretical and conceptual framework for understanding, recognizing, and anticipating the origins, dynamic mechanisms, perceptions, and social structures of Islamic social reform movements in the Muslim homeland and in diaspora communities. This research has revealed valuable insights into the dynamic mechanisms associated with reform movements and, as such, offers the potential to provide indications and warnings of impending violence. This study produced the following significant findings: (1) A framework for understanding Islamic radicalization in the context of Social Movement Theory was developed and implemented. This framework provides a causal structure for the interrelationships among the myriad features of a social movement. (2) The degree to which movement-related activity shows early diffusion across multiple social contexts is a powerful distinguisher of successful and unsuccessful social movements. Indeed, this measurable appears to have significantly more predictive power than volume of such activity and also more power than various system intrinsics. (3) Significant social movements can occur only if both the intra-context 'infectivity' of the movement exceeds a certain threshold and the inter-context interactions associated with the movement occur with a frequency that is larger than another threshold. Note that this is reminiscent of, and significantly extends, well-known results for epidemic thresholds in disease propagation models. (4) More in-depth content analysis of blogs through the lens of Argumentation Theory has the potential to reveal new insights into radicalization in the context of Social Movement Theory. This connection has the potential to be of value from two important perspectives - first, this connection has the potential to provide more in depth insights into the forces underlying the emergence of radical behavior and second, this connection may provide insights into

  4. Allocation pattern in the financing of colleges of legal and Islamic ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Makerere Journal of Higher Education ... This study investigated the allocation pattern in the financing of colleges of Legal and Islamic Studies in Nigeria with special regard to the adequacy of the funding. The sample ... The findings showed that there is general under-funding of these colleges within the period considered.

  5. Star pattern recognition algorithm aided by inertial information

    Science.gov (United States)

    Liu, Bao; Wang, Ke-dong; Zhang, Chao

    2011-08-01

    Star pattern recognition is one of the key problems of the celestial navigation. The traditional star pattern recognition approaches, such as the triangle algorithm and the star angular distance algorithm, are a kind of all-sky matching method whose recognition speed is slow and recognition success rate is not high. Therefore, the real time and reliability of CNS (Celestial Navigation System) is reduced to some extent, especially for the maneuvering spacecraft. However, if the direction of the camera optical axis can be estimated by other navigation systems such as INS (Inertial Navigation System), the star pattern recognition can be fulfilled in the vicinity of the estimated direction of the optical axis. The benefits of the INS-aided star pattern recognition algorithm include at least the improved matching speed and the improved success rate. In this paper, the direction of the camera optical axis, the local matching sky, and the projection of stars on the image plane are estimated by the aiding of INS firstly. Then, the local star catalog for the star pattern recognition is established in real time dynamically. The star images extracted in the camera plane are matched in the local sky. Compared to the traditional all-sky star pattern recognition algorithms, the memory of storing the star catalog is reduced significantly. Finally, the INS-aided star pattern recognition algorithm is validated by simulations. The results of simulations show that the algorithm's computation time is reduced sharply and its matching success rate is improved greatly.

  6. An Autonomous Star Identification Algorithm Based on One-Dimensional Vector Pattern for Star Sensors.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Luo, Liyan; Xu, Luping; Zhang, Hua

    2015-07-07

    In order to enhance the robustness and accelerate the recognition speed of star identification, an autonomous star identification algorithm for star sensors is proposed based on the one-dimensional vector pattern (one_DVP). In the proposed algorithm, the space geometry information of the observed stars is used to form the one-dimensional vector pattern of the observed star. The one-dimensional vector pattern of the same observed star remains unchanged when the stellar image rotates, so the problem of star identification is simplified as the comparison of the two feature vectors. The one-dimensional vector pattern is adopted to build the feature vector of the star pattern, which makes it possible to identify the observed stars robustly. The characteristics of the feature vector and the proposed search strategy for the matching pattern make it possible to achieve the recognition result as quickly as possible. The simulation results demonstrate that the proposed algorithm can effectively accelerate the star identification. Moreover, the recognition accuracy and robustness by the proposed algorithm are better than those by the pyramid algorithm, the modified grid algorithm, and the LPT algorithm. The theoretical analysis and experimental results show that the proposed algorithm outperforms the other three star identification algorithms.

  7. Islamic fatalism

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Helmer Ringgren

    1967-02-01

    Full Text Available The author sketches the historical background, then the teaching of the Koran, and finally, the development of the typical Islamic fatalism. The fatalism of Islam has to be viewed against the background of the ideas of pre-Islamic Arabia. Unfortunately, there is no other evidence from this epoch that a few poems on a very restricted range of topics which have been able to survive Islamic censure. The conventional and stereotyped character of these poems makes it difficult to decide to what extent they reflect commonly accepted views or the ideas of a certain group. In any case, they present a picture of the pagan Arab which is extremely idealized and formed after a rigid pattern. Historically speaking, Islamic 'fatalism' is the result of a combination of pre-Islamic fatalism and Muhammad's belief in God's omnipotence. From another point of view it is an interpretation of destiny that expresses man's feeling of total dependence, not on an impersonal power or universal order, but on an omnipotent God.

  8. Pattern asterisms a new way to chart the stars

    CERN Document Server

    Chiravalle, John

    2006-01-01

    This book provides a learning tool to facilitate identifying patterns and stars in the sky with binoculars or at most a low-power telescope. It reflects a new aspect of astronomy that does not involve serious science - but makes it easy to learn about the night sky.

  9. Holy Koran\\\\\\'s Pattern in the Cultural Communication of Islam and Christianity

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Habibollah Arzani

    2016-01-01

    an announcement of  divine mercy and forgiveness, explained by Holy Koran. 4-        In this phase, if the Christians refuse to accept the truthfulness of Islam because of prejudice, jealousy or ignorance, the Holy Koran warns them to follow the realities of their religion and to be united with Islam based on the monotheism. 5-        If the warning is not followed and accepted, the Holy Koran invites the Christian, based on the logic  to consider their belief system and wants them to rethink with common sense about what they ignore or believe superstitiously and to follow the divine path. 6-        In this stage of communication, if the Christians continue to insist on their beliefs and ignorance, the Holy Koran warns them explicitly about the damnation, suffering and loss. 7-        At the end, if the Christians do not abandon their beliefs and try to influence the Muslims by creating division and confusion, the Holy Koran orders to wage war against them. It then curses them and warns them about suffering in this very world. Looking to these seven steps of communicating, it can be concluded based on the Holy Koran teachings that the pattern of the inter-cultural communication between Muslims and Christians is the monotheism and staying away from polytheism. The more this pattern is reinforced and highlighted, the more this closeness and communication will be constructive and efficient. The Holy Koran presents seven practices and solutions. If the Holy Koran accepts and respects some of the foundations of Christianity (such as the Holy Bible, Jesus Christ, the Apostles and the chastity of Saint Mary in these practices which are based on the monotheism and refusal of polytheism, it is because they are all centered around the monotheistic principles. Whenever there is a deviation from these principles, the Holy Koran warns and invites the people to consider their beliefs. It even orders explicitly to wage war to make the Christians return

  10. Holy Koran's Pattern in the Cultural Communication of Islam and Christianity

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Hamed Ehtemam

    2015-12-01

    an announcement of  divine mercy and forgiveness, explained by Holy Koran. 4-        In this phase, if the Christians refuse to accept the truthfulness of Islam because of prejudice, jealousy or ignorance, the Holy Koran warns them to follow the realities of their religion and to be united with Islam based on the monotheism. 5-        If the warning is not followed and accepted, the Holy Koran invites the Christian, based on the logic  to consider their belief system and wants them to rethink with common sense about what they ignore or believe superstitiously and to follow the divine path. 6-        In this stage of communication, if the Christians continue to insist on their beliefs and ignorance, the Holy Koran warns them explicitly about the damnation, suffering and loss. 7-        At the end, if the Christians do not abandon their beliefs and try to influence the Muslims by creating division and confusion, the Holy Koran orders to wage war against them. It then curses them and warns them about suffering in this very world. Looking to these seven steps of communicating, it can be concluded based on the Holy Koran teachings that the pattern of the inter-cultural communication between Muslims and Christians is the monotheism and staying away from polytheism. The more this pattern is reinforced and highlighted, the more this closeness and communication will be constructive and efficient. The Holy Koran presents seven practices and solutions. If the Holy Koran accepts and respects some of the foundations of Christianity (such as the Holy Bible, Jesus Christ, the Apostles and the chastity of Saint Mary in these practices which are based on the monotheism and refusal of polytheism, it is because they are all centered around the monotheistic principles. Whenever there is a deviation from these principles, the Holy Koran warns and invites the people to consider their beliefs. It even orders explicitly to wage war to make the Christians return

  11. Radical Islamism and Failed Developmentalism

    OpenAIRE

    Rahnema, Saeed

    2008-01-01

    The rise of radical Islamism in recent years does not limit the applicability of the concept of cultural nationalism. Rather the two are intertwined in ways which this article will attempt to highlight. Islam took specific national forms as modern nation-states arose and the contemporary resurgence of radical Islamism also follows that modern pattern. I examine the emergence of the three most important movements in the Islamic world, namely, the Muslim Brotherhood in Egypt, Jama'at-e Islami i...

  12. Islamic banking

    OpenAIRE

    Pak, Viktoriya

    2010-01-01

    The thesis is focused on introduction of Islamic banking system. Morover part of the work is devoted to a detailed description of the history of Islamic banking, on explanation of the principles on which the banking system is based. Also are analyzed in detail the basic Islamic banking products. And at the end are presented the advantages and disadvantages of the Islamic banking system.

  13. KAMPUNG SENI ISLAM DI MAKASSAR DENGAN PENDEKATAN ARSITEKTUR ISLAM GEOMETRI

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Yaumil Maghfirah Asaf

    2015-06-01

    work produced. So it can be recognized by both local and international. The approach used in the building of Islamic Art Village is Islamic architecture geometry. Geometry is a branch of mathematics that studies of point, line, plane and space objects along with their properties, the measurements, and the relationship between each other. Islamic architectural design more use patterns in the form of lines, circles and other geometric patterns arranged to form a unity which implies spiritual and aesthetic value or beauty of a high level. Islamic art looks association complex geometry, between forms, ornaments, and façade Key Word: Village Islamic Art, Islamic architecture geometry

  14. An analysis of Patterns of Change Arising from the Syrian Conflict: Islamic Terrorism, Refugee Flows and Political Destabilization in Europe

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Erika Brady

    2017-02-01

    Full Text Available This paper set out to explore whether the Syrian Conflict has impacted security issues outside its borders, in particular in Europe. With a wide range of challenges related to the conflict, now in its sixth year, issues such as the rise of ISIS and the refugee crisis in Europe have been linked to political destabilization on the continent and within the EU. By looking at data presented by the Global Terrorism Database and the United Nations Commissioner for Human Rights (UNHCR, this study set out to observe any patterns in Islamic terrorist activity and numbers of refugees in Europe during the period 2006 to 2015. Academic reports based on empirical studies as well as media reports were also analyzed to further the research and allow for in-depth assessment of the issue as a whole.

  15. Pattern recognition of star constellations for spacecraft applications

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Liebe, Carl Christian

    1993-01-01

    A software system for a star imager for on-line satellite attitude determination is described. The system works with a single standard commercial CCD-camera with a high aperture lens and an onboard star catalogue. It is capable of both an initial course attitude determination without any prior kn...

  16. Pattern recognition of star constellations for spacecraft applications

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Liebe, Carl Christian

    1992-01-01

    A software system for a star imager for online satellite attitude determination is described. The system works with a single standard commercial CCD camera with a high aperture lens and an onboard star catalog. It is capable of both an initial coarse attitude determination without any prior knowl...

  17. Sleep Patterns and Other Sleep Related Factors Affecting the Students of Islamic Azad University, Rasht Branch, Iran

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Namazi

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available Background Adequate sleep is essential for general health. Several factors disrupt sleep patterns. The quality of sleep affects health and daily functions. Objectives The current study aimed to determine the students' sleep patterns and other sleep related factors. Patients and Methods The current cross-sectional study was conducted on 350 female students of the Islamic Azad University, Rasht branch (Rasht, Iran who were selected by multistage random sampling method. Data collection tool was a self-reporting questionnaire. Data were analyzed using SPSS software, employing Chi-square, and Pearson product moment correlation coefficients. Results The mean age of the subjects was 22.16 ± 2.86 years. Results showed 35.7% disruption of sleep onset, 46.3% impairment of sleep continuity, and 32% awakening early in the morning. Also, 42.3% of the subjects expressed excellent sleep quality. There was a significant relationship among sleep quality with the time of going to bed, difficulty in sleeping, awakening by noise, repeated awakening at night, waking up early in the morning, fatigue, and sleepiness in classroom. Conclusions The results of the current study showed a high prevalence of sleep problems among the students. Identification and treatment of students’ sleep disorders may improve academic performance and life quality.

  18. Application of Pattern of Islamic State Revenue Policy to Improve the Ability of Indonesia’s Fiscal

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Any Setyaningrum

    2015-10-01

    Full Text Available The aim of this study is to analyze the possibility of Islamic state revenue to improve the ability of Indonesia’s fiscal. This thing is important in the way to diversify the fiscal instruments in Indonesia. The result shows that several Islamic revenues instruments still relevant to applied in Indonesia, exclude the ghanimah and Jizya. But, it is necessary to adjust the nomenclature and connectivity with state financial regulations. The application does not have to be exclusive and labels associated with Islam, but should be more focused on the exploration of universal values and utility, which is inherent in all of Islam income instruments.DOI: 10.15408/aiq.v7i2.1702

  19. Kompetisi dan Strategi Pengembangan Lembaga PAUD Islam Berdaya Saing di TK Islam Al-Irsyad Banyumas

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Novan Ardy Wiyani

    2016-05-01

    Full Text Available This article is aimed at describing the competition as well as the development strategy of the Islamic Kindergarten “Al-Irsyad” as one of competitive Islamic early childhood education institution in Purwokerto. The purpose is to find the pattern of the development strategy of the competitive Islamic early childhood education institution. This sort of institution is expected to be able to compete in achieving righteousness in line with Islamic teachings dedicated to the community. This can be done if the Islamic early childhood education institutions promote competitive excellent service. Furthermore, the rationale lies behind the idea of competitive Islamic early childhood education institutions is to generate competitive advantage within Islamic early education institutions, to improve community’s loyalty as served customer, to create Islamic early childhood institutions which are able to outweigh their competitors while at the same time upholding ethics, as well as Islamic virtues.

  20. An AUTONOMOUS STAR IDENTIFICATION ALGORITHM BASED ON THE DIRECTED CIRCULARITY PATTERN

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    J. Xie

    2012-07-01

    Full Text Available The accuracy of the angular distance may decrease due to lots of factors, such as the parameters of the stellar camera aren't calibrated on-orbit, or the location accuracy of the star image points is low, and so on, which can cause the low success rates of star identification. A robust directed circularity pattern algorithm is proposed in this paper, which is developed on basis of the matching probability algorithm. The improved algorithm retains the matching probability strategy to identify master star, and constructs a directed circularity pattern with the adjacent stars for unitary matching. The candidate matching group which has the longest chain will be selected as the final result. Simulation experiments indicate that the improved algorithm has high successful identification and reliability etc, compared with the original algorithm. The experiments with real data are used to verify it.

  1. Islamic Worldview: Landasan Membangun Islamic Management Model

    OpenAIRE

    Juliandi, Azuar; Muhyarsyah

    2017-01-01

    The purpose of this research to explore the principles of the Islamic worldview from various sources of Islamic knowledge. The principles useful for developing a further model of Islamic management. The exploratory research is an approach of this research. The majority of the data collected from various Islamic knowledge resources, among others the Qur'an, Hadith, Islamic scholars' thought and the results of research of Islamic scholars around the world. The meta-synthesis used to analyze th...

  2. Cultural and Mathematical Meanings of Regular Octagons in Mesopotamia: Examining Islamic Art Designs

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jeanam Park

    2018-03-01

    Full Text Available The most common regular polygon in Islamic art design is the octagon. Historical evidence of the use of an 8-star polygon and an 8-fold rosette dates back to Jemdet Nasr (3100-2900 B.C. in Mesopotamia. Additionally, in ancient Egypt, octagons can be found in mathematical problem (Ahmose papyrus, Problem number 48, household goods (papyrus storage, architecture (granite columns and decorations (palace decorations. The regular octagon which is a fundamentally important element of Islamic art design, is widely used as arithmetic objects in metric algebra along with other regular polygons in Mesopotamia. The 8-point star polygon has long been a symbol of the ancient Sumerian goddess Inanna and her East Semitic counterpart Ishtar. During the Neo-Assyrian period, the 8-fold rosette occasionally replaced the star as the symbol of Ishtar. In this paper, we discuss how octagonal design prevailed in the Islamic region since the late ninth century, and has existed in Mesopotamia from Jemdet Nasr to the end of third century B.C. We describe reasons why the geometric pattern of regular polygons, including regular octagons, developed in the Islamic world. Furthermore, we also discuss mathematical meanings of regular polygons.

  3. Abundance patterns of evolved stars with Hipparcos parallaxes and ages based on the APOGEE data base

    Science.gov (United States)

    Jia, Y. P.; Chen, Y. Q.; Zhao, G.; Bari, M. A.; Zhao, J. K.; Tan, K. F.

    2018-01-01

    We investigate the abundance patterns for four groups of stars at evolutionary phases from sub-giant to red clump (RC) and trace the chemical evolution of the disc by taking 21 individual elemental abundances from APOGEE and ages from evolutionary models with the aid of Hipparcos distances. We find that the abundances of six elements (Si, S, K, Ca, Mn and Ni) are similar from the sub-giant phase to the RC phase. In particular, we find that a group of stars with low [C/N] ratios, mainly from the second sequence of RC stars, show that there is a difference in the transfer efficiency of the C-N-O cycle between the main and the secondary RC sequences. We also compare the abundance patterns of C-N, Mg-Al and Na-O with giant stars in globular clusters from APOGEE and find that field stars follow similar patterns as M107, a metal-rich globular cluster with [M/H] ∼- 1.0, which shows that the self-enrichment mechanism represented by strong C-N, Mg-Al and Na-O anti-correlations may not be important as the metallicity reaches [M/H] > -1.0 dex. Based on the abundances of above-mentioned six elements and [Fe/H], we investigate age versus abundance relations and find some old super-metal-rich stars in our sample. Their properties of old age and being rich in metal are evidence for stellar migration. The age versus metallicity relations in low-[α/M] bins show unexpectedly positive slopes. We propose that the fresh metal-poor gas infalling on to the Galactic disc may be the precursor for this unexpected finding.

  4. Islamic fundamentalism in Indonesia

    OpenAIRE

    Nagy, Sandra L.

    1996-01-01

    This is a study of Islamic fundamentalism in Indonesia. Islamic fundamentalism is defined as the return to the foundations and principles of Islam including all movements based on the desire to create a more Islamic society. After describing the practices and beliefs of Islam, this thesis examines the three aspects of universal Islamic fundamentalism: revivalism, resurgence, and radicalism. It analyzes the role of Islam in Indonesia under Dutch colonial rule, an alien Christian imperialist po...

  5. Real Islamic Logic

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Bergstra, J.A.

    2011-01-01

    Four options for assigning a meaning to Islamic Logic are surveyed including a new proposal for an option named "Real Islamic Logic" (RIL). That approach to Islamic Logic should serve modern Islamic objectives in a way comparable to the functionality of Islamic Finance. The prospective role of RIL

  6. Atypical Mg-poor Milky Way Field Stars with Globular Cluster Second-generation-like Chemical Patterns

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Fernández-Trincado, J. G.; Geisler, D.; Tang, B.; Villanova, S.; Mennickent, R. E. [Departamento de Astronomía, Universidad de Concepción, Casilla 160-C, Concepción (Chile); Zamora, O.; García-Hernández, D. A.; Dell’Agli, F.; Prieto, Carlos Allende [Instituto de Astrofísica de Canarias, E-38205 La Laguna, Tenerife (Spain); Souto, Diogo; Cunha, Katia [Observatório Nacional, Rua Gal. José Cristino 77, Rio de Janeiro, RJ—20921-400 (Brazil); Schiavon, R. P. [Astrophysics Research Institute, Liverpool John Moores University, 146 Brownlow Hill, Liverpool L3 5RF (United Kingdom); Hasselquist, Sten [New Mexico State University, Las Cruces, NM 88003 (United States); Shetrone, M. [University of Texas at Austin, McDonald Observatory, Fort Davis, TX 79734 (United States); Vieira, K. [Centro de Investigaciones de Astronomía, AP 264, Mérida 5101-A (Venezuela, Bolivarian Republic of); Zasowski, G. [Space Telescope Science Institute, 3700 San Martin Drive, Baltimore, MD 21218 (United States); Sobeck, J.; Hayes, C. R.; Majewski, S. R. [Department of Astronomy, University of Virginia, Charlottesville, VA 22903 (United States); Placco, V. M., E-mail: jfernandezt@astro-udec.cl, E-mail: jfernandezt87@gmail.com [Department of Physics and JINA Center for the Evolution of the Elements, University of Notre Dame, Notre Dame, IN 46556 (United States); and others

    2017-09-01

    We report the peculiar chemical abundance patterns of 11 atypical Milky Way (MW) field red giant stars observed by the Apache Point Observatory Galactic Evolution Experiment (APOGEE). These atypical giants exhibit strong Al and N enhancements accompanied by C and Mg depletions, strikingly similar to those observed in the so-called second-generation (SG) stars of globular clusters (GCs). Remarkably, we find low Mg abundances ([Mg/Fe] < 0.0) together with strong Al and N overabundances in the majority (5/7) of the metal-rich ([Fe/H] ≳ −1.0) sample stars, which is at odds with actual observations of SG stars in Galactic GCs of similar metallicities. This chemical pattern is unique and unprecedented among MW stars, posing urgent questions about its origin. These atypical stars could be former SG stars of dissolved GCs formed with intrinsically lower abundances of Mg and enriched Al (subsequently self-polluted by massive AGB stars) or the result of exotic binary systems. We speculate that the stars Mg-deficiency as well as the orbital properties suggest that they could have an extragalactic origin. This discovery should guide future dedicated spectroscopic searches of atypical stellar chemical patterns in our Galaxy, a fundamental step forward to understanding the Galactic formation and evolution.

  7. Islam and Science

    Science.gov (United States)

    Salam, Abdus

    The following sections are included: * The Holy Quran and Science * Modem Science, A Greco- Islamic Legacy * The Decline of Sciences in Islam * The Limitations of Science * Faith and Science * The Present Picture of Sciences in the Islamic Countries * Renaissance of Sciences in Islam * Steps Needed for Building up Sciences in the Islamic Countries * Science Education * Science Foundations in Islam * Technology in Our Countries * Concluding Remarks * REFERENCES

  8. CONTEMPORARY ISLAMIC THOUGHT IN INDONESIAN AND MALAY WORLD: Islam Liberal, Islam Hadhari, and Islam Progresif

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Kamaruzzaman Bustamam-Ahmad

    2011-06-01

    Full Text Available Islam in Indonesian and Malay world is very much heterogenuous. Taking Islam Liberal, Islam Hadhari, and Islam Progresif as the subject of analysis, this article deals with the concepts Islam Liberal, Islam Hadhari, and Islam Progresif as products of the trends in Islamic thinking, the impact of these three interpretations of Islam in Malaysia and Indonesia, the similarities and dissimilarities between the three, and their future prospects in the region. It argues that the prominence of the debates surrounding the three currents of Islamic thought is the result of struggles for power and authority in Islamic discourse in the region. It further argues that the Indonesian-based Islam Liberal differs from the Malaysian-based Islam Hadhari in that it does not originate from government sources. Islam Progresif is more of an umbrella term referring to various strands of thought developed by Muslims opposed to the status quo. Although Islam Hadhari is a newly-coined term, it contains many elements in common with other schools of Islamic thought including Islam Liberal and neo-modernist Islam.

  9. Introduktion. Islam & institutioner

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Jacobsen, Brian Arly

    2008-01-01

    Introduktion til Tidsskrift for Islamforskning temanummer Islam & institutioner Udgivelsesdato: 18-02......Introduktion til Tidsskrift for Islamforskning temanummer Islam & institutioner Udgivelsesdato: 18-02...

  10. MENTAL HEALTH: ISLAMIC PERSPECTIVE

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Muzdalifah M. Rahman

    2015-02-01

    of mental health, especially mental health needs to be developed with an Islamic perspective various studies and research, especially the development of mental health recovery means Islamic perspective.

  11. Fabrication of hexagonal star-shaped and ring-shaped patterns arrays by Mie resonance sphere-lens-lithography

    Science.gov (United States)

    Liu, Xianchao; Wang, Jun; Li, Ling; Gou, Jun; Zheng, Jie; Huang, Zehua; Pan, Rui

    2018-05-01

    Mie resonance sphere-lens-lithography has proved to be a good candidate for fabrication of large-area tunable surface nanopattern arrays. Different patterns on photoresist surface are obtained theoretically by adjusting optical coupling among neighboring spheres with different gap sizes. The effect of light reflection from the substrate on the pattern produced on the photoresist with a thin thickness is also discussed. Sub-micron hexagonal star-shaped and ring-shaped patterns arrays are achieved with close-packed spheres arrays and spheres arrays with big gaps, respectively. Changing of star-shaped vertices is induced by different polarization of illumination. Experimental results agree well with the simulation. By using smaller resonance spheres, sub-400 nm star-shaped and ring-shaped patterns can be realized. These tunable patterns are different from results of previous reports and have enriched pattern morphology fabricated by sphere-lens-lithography, which can find application in biosensor and optic devices.

  12. Stationary patterns in star networks of bistable units: Theory and application to chemical reactions.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kouvaris, Nikos E; Sebek, Michael; Iribarne, Albert; Díaz-Guilera, Albert; Kiss, István Z

    2017-04-01

    We present theoretical and experimental studies on pattern formation with bistable dynamical units coupled in a star network configuration. By applying a localized perturbation to the central or the peripheral elements, we demonstrate the subsequent spreading, pinning, or retraction of the activations; such analysis enables the characterization of the formation of stationary patterns of localized activity. The results are interpreted with a theoretical analysis of a simplified bistable reaction-diffusion model. Weak coupling results in trivial pinned states where the activation cannot propagate. At strong coupling, a uniform state is expected with active or inactive elements at small or large degree networks, respectively. A nontrivial stationary spatial pattern, corresponding to an activation pinning, is predicted to occur at an intermediate number of peripheral elements and at intermediate coupling strengths, where the central activation of the network is pinned, but the peripheral activation propagates toward the center. The results are confirmed in experiments with star networks of bistable electrochemical reactions. The experiments confirm the existence of the stationary spatial patterns and the dependence of coupling strength on the number of peripheral elements for transitions between pinned and retreating or spreading fronts in forced network configurations (where the central or periphery elements are forced to maintain their states).

  13. Abundance patterns of the light neutron-capture elements in very and extremely metal-poor stars

    Science.gov (United States)

    Spite, F.; Spite, M.; Barbuy, B.; Bonifacio, P.; Caffau, E.; François, P.

    2018-03-01

    Aims: The abundance patterns of the neutron-capture elements in metal-poor stars provide a unique record of the nucleosynthesis products of the earlier massive primitive objects. Methods: We measured new abundances of so-called light neutron-capture of first peak elements using local thermodynamic equilibrium (LTE) 1D analysis; this analysis resulted in a sample of 11 very metal-poor stars, from [Fe/H] = -2.5 to [Fe/H] = -3.4, and one carbon-rich star, CS 22949-037 with [Fe/H] = -4.0. The abundances were compared to those observed in two classical metal-poor stars: the typical r-rich star CS 31082-001 ([Eu/Fe] > +1.0) and the r-poor star HD 122563 ([Eu/Fe] < 0.0), which are known to present a strong enrichment of the first peak neutron-capture elements relative to the second peak. Results: Within the first peak, the abundances are well correlated in analogy to the well-known correlation inside the abundances of the second-peak elements. In contrast, there is no correlation between any first peak element with any second peak element. We show that the scatter of the ratio of the first peak abundance over second peak abundance increases when the mean abundance of the second peak elements decreases from r-rich to r-poor stars. We found two new r-poor stars that are very similar to HD 122563. A third r-poor star, CS 22897-008, is even more extreme; this star shows the most extreme example of first peak elements enrichment to date. On the contrary, another r-poor star (BD-18 5550) has a pattern of first peak elements that is similar to the typical r-rich stars CS 31082-001, however this star has some Mo enrichment. Conclusions: The distribution of the neutron-capture elements in our very metal-poor stars can be understood as the combination of at least two mechanisms: one that enriches the forming stars cloud homogeneously through the main r-process and leads to an element pattern similar to the r-rich stars, such as CS 31082-001; and another that forms mainly lighter

  14. Urgensi Psikologi Islam Dalam Pendidikan Islam

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mubarak Mubarak

    2017-11-01

    Full Text Available This paper examines the urgency of Islamic Psychology in Islamic Education. Education and psychology cannot be separated, both have a very close relationship. Education is a long process to actualize all the potential of human self so that the potential of humanity to be actual. In terms of Islamic education is needed is Islamic Psychology, because humans have the potential of noble, namely fitrah and spirit that is not touchable in general psychology (West. Islamic education should have a psychological foundation that is insightful to Islam, in this case with a guide to the Qur'an and Hadith as its source, so that the end of the goal of Islamic education can be realized and create a plenary human (insan kamil. Islamic education psychology devotes attention to the behavior or behavior of those who engage in learning and teaching activities or those directly involved in the learning process. Islamic education psychology has two objects, namely: First, learners, ie individuals (individuals who are learning, including approaches, strategies, influencing factors and achievements achieved. Secondly, teachers (educators, those who are obliged or undertake teaching responsibilities, including methods, models, strategies, and others related to the activity of presenting Islamic education. Islamic education based on Islamic Psychology will produce human beings who have a potential base that is a qualified potential of physical, spiritual, and fitrah or better known as jismiah, nafsiah and ruhaniah.

  15. Islamic Law

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Doranda Maracineanu

    2009-06-01

    Full Text Available The law system of a State represents the body of rules passed or recognized by that State inorder to regulate the social relationships, rules that must be freely obeyed by their recipients, otherwisethe State intervening with its coercive power. Throughout the development of the society, pedants havebeen particularly interested in the issue of law systems, each supporting various classifications; theclassification that has remained is the one distinguishing between the Anglo-Saxon, the Roman-German,the religious and respectively the communist law systems. The third main international law system is theMuslim one, founded on the Muslim religion – the Islam. The Islam promotes the idea that Allah createdthe law and therefore it must be preserved and observed as such. Etymologically, the Arabian word“Islam” means “to be wanted, to obey” implying the fact that this law system promotes total andunconditioned submission to Allah. The Islamic law is not built on somebody of laws or leading cases,but has as source. The Islam is meant as a universal religion, the Koran promoting the idea of the unityof mankind; thus, one of the precepts in the Koran asserts that “all men are equal (…, there is nodifference between a white man and a black man, between one who is Arabian and one who is not,except for the measure in which they fear God.” The Koran is founded mainly on the Talmud, Hebrewsource of inspiration, and only on very few Christian sources. The Islam does not forward ideas whichcannot be materialized; on the contrary its ideas are purely practical, easy to be observed by the commonman, ideas subordinated to the principle of monotheism. The uncertainties and gaps of the Koran, whichhave been felt along the years, imposed the need for another set of rules, meant to supplement it – that isSunna. Sunna represents a body of laws and, consequently, the second source of the Koran. Sunnanarrates the life of the prophet Mohamed, the model to

  16. Islamic Mobility

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Fischer, Johan

    2016-01-01

    In a modern and respectable middle-class suburb outside Kuala Lumpur, the overtness of cars evokes intense speculation about the nature of the make-up of covert middle-class homes and the formation of Malay Muslim identities more generally. I argue that the more ‘Islamic’ cultures of consumption...... divergent forms of car consumption. Discussing ethnographic material from fieldwork among Malay middle-class families, I show how car consumption generates not only distinctions, practices and moral symbolic boundaries but also ideas about Islam, nation and excess....

  17. DEVELOPMENT OF MODERN THOUGHTS IN ISLAM

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Eka Hendry Ar

    2013-12-01

    Full Text Available For more than 14 centuries, history has proved that Islamic teachings come with a variety of thoughts, social cultural backgrounds, periods through which the development and the dynamics evolved. The primary mission of mankind as the khalifah fil ardh (the caliph of the earth, is to practice the Islamic teachings (Shariah in accordance with the provisions of the primary source of Islam itself, i.e. the Qur’an and Hadith. At least, a long history of Islam as a religion of revelation suggests that the existence of Islamic teachings can grow and develop in every corner of the world, with a variety of spreading patterns that give the nuances and the mosaics in the development of the religion the present day.

  18. Sleep from an Islamic perspective.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bahammam, Ahmed S

    2011-10-01

    Sleep medicine is a relatively new scientific specialty. Sleep is an important topic in Islamic literature, and the Quran and Hadith discuss types of sleep, the importance of sleep, and good sleep practices. Islam considers sleep as one of the signs of the greatness of Allνh (God) and encourages followers to explore this important sign. The Quran describes different types of sleep, and these correspond with sleep stages identified by modern science. The Quran discusses the beneficial effects of sleep and emphasizes the importance of maintaining a pattern of light and darkness. A mid-day nap is an important practice for Muslims, and the Prophet Muhammad peace be upon him (pbuh) promoted naps as beneficial. In accordance with the practice and instructions of Muhammad (pbuh), Muslims have certain sleep habits and these sleep habits correspond to some of the sleep hygiene rules identified by modern science. Details during sleep include sleep position, like encouraging sleep on the right side and discouraging sleep in the prone position. Dream interpretation is an established science in the Islamic literature and Islamic scholars have made significant contributions to theories of dream interpretation. We suggest that sleep scientists examine religious literature in general and Islamic literature in particular, to understand the views, behaviors, and practices of ancient people about the sleep and sleep disorders. Such studies may help to answer some unresolved questions in sleep science or lead to new areas of inquiry.

  19. Sleep from an islamic perspective

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ahmed S BaHammam

    2011-01-01

    Full Text Available Sleep medicine is a relatively new scientific specialty. Sleep is an important topic in Islamic literature, and the Quran and Hadith discuss types of sleep, the importance of sleep, and good sleep practices. Islam considers sleep as one of the signs of the greatness of Allβh (God and encourages followers to explore this important sign. The Quran describes different types of sleep, and these correspond with sleep stages identified by modern science. The Quran discusses the beneficial effects of sleep and emphasizes the importance of maintaining a pattern of light and darkness. A mid-day nap is an important practice for Muslims, and the Prophet Muhammad peace be upon him (pbuh promoted naps as beneficial. In accordance with the practice and instructions of Muhammad (pbuh, Muslims have certain sleep habits and these sleep habits correspond to some of the sleep hygiene rules identified by modern science. Details during sleep include sleep position, like encouraging sleep on the right side and discouraging sleep in the prone position. Dream interpretation is an established science in the Islamic literature and Islamic scholars have made significant contributions to theories of dream interpretation. We suggest that sleep scientists examine religious literature in general and Islamic literature in particular, to understand the views, behaviors, and practices of ancient people about the sleep and sleep disorders. Such studies may help to answer some unresolved questions in sleep science or lead to new areas of inquiry.

  20. Islamism and Democratization in Indonesia Post-Reformation Era:

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    SYAHRIR KARIM

    2014-12-01

    Full Text Available In general, this paper will explore features and patterns of Islamism in Indonesia after the downfall of Suharto’s regime in which people called it as reformation era. In Indonesian context, the Islamism at least have four characteristics; (i promoting Islam as a sole basis in transforming society, (ii acknowledging Islam as an ideology, (iii among at the establishment of Islamic state, (iv which is characterised by implementing Shari`ah laws in daily lives. These four attributes may be used in capturing the growth of Muslim’s perception on state and democracy in the era of Islamic revival. The above views spread in the various streams or any schools existed in Indonesia, both Islamic movements and other form that is very influential in the process of democracy in Indonesia.

  1. Islam og Islamisme

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Simonsen, Jørgen Bæk

    2010-01-01

    En præsentation og en kritik af nyere international forskning i islam og islamisme Udgivelsesdato: Februar......En præsentation og en kritik af nyere international forskning i islam og islamisme Udgivelsesdato: Februar...

  2. Er islam en trussel?

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Simonsen, Jørgen Bæk

    2007-01-01

    Et bidrag til belysning af forholdet mellem islam, muslimer og politisk/religiøs terror i samtiden......Et bidrag til belysning af forholdet mellem islam, muslimer og politisk/religiøs terror i samtiden...

  3. ISLAM: Agama Kemanusiaan

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    M. Zainuddin

    2008-12-01

    Full Text Available Islam provides the guidance of human life from the smallest problem to the greatest affairs, ranging from household affairs, sleep, eat and drink up to the affairs of the nation and state. This paper raises how Islam covers all aspects of life as a religion of humanity. If taken seriously in the verses of the Qur'an or as Sunnah, will undoubtedly be found, that the core of the teachings of Islam is faith and righteousness. Islam is more than a formal religion, but it is also a great treatise for social transformation and a challenge to personal interests. Islam is a humanism, a religion that is very concerned with humanity as a central goal. This is the basis of Islam. Therefore, the greatest task of Islam is actually to transform social and cultural transformation with Islamic values.   Islam memberikan tuntunan hidup manusia dari persoalan yang paling kecil hingga ke urusan yang paling besar, mulai dari urusan rumah tangga, tidur, makan dan minum sampai pada urusan bangsa dan negara. Tulisan ini mengangkat bagaimana Islam mencakup segala aspek kehidupan sebagai agama kemanusiaan. Jika dicermati secara serius dalam ayat-ayat al Quran maupun as sunnah, niscaya akan ditemukan, bahwa inti ajaran Islam adalah iman dan amal saleh. Islam lebih dari sekedar sebuah agama formal, tetapi juga risalah yang agung bagi transformasi sosial dan tantangan bagi kepentingan-kepentingan pribadi. Islam adalah sebuah humanisme, yaitu agama yang sangat mementingkan manusia sebagai tujuan sentral. Inilah dasar Islam. Oleh karena itu, tugas terbesar Islam sesungguhnya adalah melakukan transformasi sosial dan budaya dengan nilai-nilai Islam.

  4. International Islamic Banking

    OpenAIRE

    saleem, shahid

    2007-01-01

    The purpose of this exploratory and to some extent descriptive analysis is to highlight the Islamic banking & finance theory, and to explain the practical disparity all over the Muslim Umma along with commonalities of Islamic banking in them. Islamic banking has been now become a value proposition which transcends cultures and will do speedily in next decades despite of cutting throat competition expected in global banking scenario. The size of Islamic Financial Industry has now reached size ...

  5. Islam as a Civilization

    Science.gov (United States)

    Butterworth, Charles E.

    2012-01-01

    The attention in the West, especially in the United States, now accorded Islam and those who conduct themselves according to its precepts betrays woeful ignorance of both. As Graham Fuller has persuasively argued in his recent book, "A World Without Islam", Western culture owes much to Islam as well as to Muslims and would be greatly impoverished…

  6. Islamic Beliefs and Practices.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sefein, Naim A.

    1981-01-01

    To help social studies classroom teachers present a realistic picture of the Middle Eastern religion of Islam, this article presents an overview of major beliefs and religious practices of Moslems. Information is presented on religious fundamentals, Islam's relationship to Judaism and Christianity, the development of Islam, the role of women, and…

  7. Journal for Islamic Studies

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    It is committed to the publication of original research on Islam as culture and civilization. It particularly welcomes work of an interdisciplinary nature that brings together history, religion, politics, culture and law. The Journal has a special focus on Islam in Africa, and on contemporary Islamic Thought. All articles are subject to ...

  8. The Islamic State and U.S. Policy

    Science.gov (United States)

    2016-06-14

    global sense of urgency about further weakening the group and preventing future attacks. Members of Congress, Administration officials, and their...organization, IS terrorist attacks may restore a sense of pride and accomplishment among its members but also may galvanize new patterns of multilateral...question “Is the Islamic State Islamic?” to focus on whether or not the group’s members and actions are authentically Islamic in the sense of

  9. Psychiatry and Islam.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Pridmore, Saxby; Pasha, Mohamed Iqbal

    2004-12-01

    To explore psychiatry in Islam, with a view to informing Western psychiatrists working with Islamic patients, and Islamic medical students studying in Western countries. The first necessary step was to acquire some understanding of Islam, Sharia and Sharia law, as the basis on which the available psychiatric literature was considered. Standard textbooks on Islam and English-language papers in the psychiatric literature were examined. Discussions with knowledgeable Muslim people were conducted. Islam shares roots with the other Abrahamic, monotheistic religions: Judaism and Christianity. A central issues is unity: the unity of God, unity with God and unity within the Islamic community. Islam is more than a religion, because it informs all aspects of behaviour and has been described as 'a comprehensive way of life'. Individualism is less important than the welfare of the community. The Sharia is a list of rules and regulations derived from authentic sources. Psychiatric services in Islam, according to Western standards, are somewhat limited. This issue is being addressed through epidemiological studies, provision of new services and policy development. Although mental health legislation is not universal, forensic psychiatry has a role, in many ways similar to that in the West. Islam is based on unity and core values of compassion, justice and benevolence. Islamic psychiatry has a proud early history, and advances are occurring. There is an opportunity for the profession of psychiatry to bridge religious, ethnic and cultural boundaries.

  10. Revitalisasi Spiritualitas Ekologi Perspektif Pendidikan Islam

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Eko Asmanto

    2015-11-01

    Full Text Available Amid the growing coalescence between the religion and ecology movement, religion and science, spirituality and ecology, the voice of Muslim thinking that care for the earth and its people is rising. While the Islamic position on the environment is not well-represented in the eco-theology discourse, it advances an environmental imaginary which shows how faith can be harnessed as a movement for social change. This article will draw upon field research which synthesized the Islamic ecological spirituality (eco-spirituality from sacred texts, traditions, and contemporary thought, and illustrated how this spirituality is enlivened in the educational landscape of Islam. Knowledge of the relationship between human beings and the natural world, of the function upon which the nature was created, and of the function right living, is essential in this educational project, and the global eco-Islamic movement toward the eco-friendly community to environment. Despite the manifestation of environmental education activities in educational establishment, which are generally patterned Islamic education today is not representative of the holistic, integrated, and comprehensive educational philosophy of Islam. As contemporary world today, such as the environmental question, act as an impetus to encourages, to develop even to build a pedagogy which endeavours to be true to the religious traditions, values, and ethics of Islam, while also displaying the transformation of Islamic faith. Of course, many of them based their life, and lifestyle decisions on the teachings of Islam, and are showing the relevance of traditional resources and greatest life challenges facing humanity today; namely “save our nature”.

  11. IMPELEMENTASI PENDIDIKAN SUFISME DALAM PENDIDIKAN ISLAM

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Muis Sad Iman

    2016-04-01

    Full Text Available Problems of modern society are including the disintegration of science, split personality, misuse of science and technology, silting faith, materialistic relationship patterns, justifying any means, stress and frustration. One way to overcome these problems is to develop a moral life and Sufism. Moral is self ornaments that bring benefit to those who do. He would like God and preferably human beings and other creatures. In it turned out to provide optimal guidance inwardly can integrate the human soul. And Mysticism or Sufism is a dimension of depth and confidentiality (esoteric in Islam as law rooted in the Quran and al-Sunnah. It became the soul of the Islamic message as that of the body's heart hidden away from the outside view. However it remains as most source of life, which regulates the whole religious organism in Islam. Islamic education is a means in the formation of character and Sufism.

  12. Karakteristik Dan Spektrum Manajemen Pendidikan Islam

    OpenAIRE

    Jannah, Siti Raudhatul

    2013-01-01

    Artikel ini mendiskusikan mengenai manajemen pendidikan Islam, karakteristik, dan spektrumnya. Karakteristik manajemen pendidikan Islam harus didasarkan pada al-Qur'an dan Hadits serta pemikiran rasional yang telah diuji validitasnya. Spektrum manajemen pendidikan Islam meliputi lingkup manajemen personalia pendidikan Islam, manajemen peserta didik pendidikan Islam, maanjemen kurikulum pendidikan Islam, manajemen keuangan pendidikan Islam, manajemen sarana dan prasarana pendidikan Islam, mana...

  13. Architecture in the Islamic Civilization: Muslim Building or Islamic Architecture

    OpenAIRE

    Yassin, Ayat Ali; Utaberta, Dr. Nangkula

    2012-01-01

    The main problem of the theory in the arena of islamic architecture is affected by some of its Westernthoughts, and stereotyping the islamic architecture according to Western thoughts; this leads to the breakdownof the foundations in the islamic architecture. It is a myth that islamic architecture is subjected to theinfluence from foreign architectures. This paper will highlight the dialectical concept of islamic architecture ormuslim buildings and the areas of recognition in islamic architec...

  14. BENTUK ISLAM FAKTUAL: KARAKTER DAN TIPOLOGI ISLAM INDONESIA

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Irham Yuwanamu

    2016-12-01

    Full Text Available Artikel ini berupaya menjelaskan terkait dengan Islam faktual sebagai keniscayaan yang terjadi kepada umat Islam. Bahwasanya Islam faktual merupakan bentuk keberagamaan umat muslim di dunia yang dapat dipengaruhi oleh latar sosial dan budaya masyarakat. Islam faktual dapat terjadi perbedaan di antara umat muslim yang satu dengan yang lainnya. Dalam artikel ini Islam faktual yang menjadi kajian adalah Islam Indonesia. Pertanyaan yang ingin dijawab adalah bagaimana karakter dan tipologi Islam Indonesia? Kesimpulan yang ditemukannya, bahwa karakter Islam Indonesia adalah wasatiyah dan tipologinya adalah akomodatif dengan sosio-kultur di masyarakat. Kemudian tipologi yang dikemukakan oleh Clifford Geertz dalam hal ini sudah tidak relevan lagi, khususnya untuk menggambarkan Islam Jawa sebagai contoh Islam Indonesia. Selanjutnya era kontemporer ini Islam Indonesia sebagian kecil mengalami pergeseran orientasi ke arah Islam transnasional, yakni Islam yang bermanhaj salafi. Artikel ini merupakan sebuah kajian literatur yang menggunakan bahan-bahan hasil penelitian terkait dengan tema yang menjadi objek kajian.    This article efforts to explain the associated with Islam factual as a necessity that happened to the Muslims. That Islam factual is a form of religious Muslims in the world who could be affected by the social and cultural background. Islam factual can occur differences between Muslims with each other. In this article the Islam factual  become to be studied is Islam Indonesian. Questions to be answered is how the characters and the typology of Indonesian Islam? The conclusion that the discovery, that the character of Islam Indonesian is wasatiyah and typology is accommodating to the socio-culture in society. Then typology proposed by Clifford Geertz in this case was no longer relevant, particularly to describe Islam Java as an example. Furthermore, this contemporary era Islam Indonesian in part experienced a shift in orientation toward

  15. The Livelihood Patterns of Iran's South-western Cities in Texts of Islamic Period (10th- 15th A.D

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    mohammad ebrahim zarei

    2016-06-01

    Full Text Available The Urbanization of Islamic period, which affected by Islamic beliefs, differed from that in Sassanid period. This research endeavors to reveal the perspective of economic atmosphere of Islamic cities in region of study subject. Such perspective has been provided by employing the documents and written historical information in Muslim geographers' books based on historical approach. Furthermore, such research  investigates not only the effect of geographical elements on the inhabitant's livelihood from 10th to 15th century with geographical dispersion of  Iran's south- western zones but also the influence of governments on economical and livelihood perspective of such cities in Islamic period. The natural, political- cultural reasons, secure commercial roads and governmental policies had a significant impact on the means of livelihood. The available geographical and historical texts have offered credible evidence of the explanation of the elements such as urbanization, agricultural, gardening, industry, trade and urban services in such period with a social perspective of such cities.

  16. Pergeseran Ideologi al-Ikhwân al-Muslimûn dari Islam Fundamentalis menjadi Islam Moderat

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Nurul Huda

    2015-10-01

    Full Text Available The reform in Egypt was originally considered as the end of the Islamic political system and replaced by the democratic system. However, after H{izb al-H{urrîyah wa al-‘Adâlah (Freedom and Justice Party in Egypt was able to win the election and wiped out two of the most strategic positions, i.e. the speakerman of parliament and the president, it should be admitted that the Islamic political system has never ceased. There is a new fact that the Arab nations, especially Egypt, began to accept the democratic system without having to necessarily remove the role of Islam from it. Collaboration and integration between Islam and democracy is what has been introduced in Egypt today. Islamic system of democracy which is introduced in Egypt becomes the new hallmark of the Islamic movement or more precisely what so-called moderate Islam. Al-Ikhwân al-Muslimûn (IM is a religious organization that is worthy of being a representation of the moderate Islamic forces today. It has managed to get out of the mode of fanaticism and conservatism (fundamentalist toward adaptive patterns of thought and compromise. This study focuses on the factors and measures of IM changes from fundamentalist Islam to moderate Islam. This study concludes that IM’s ideological changes were driven by several factors, such as the role of the figure, government’s treatment, social condition, and human resources organization.

  17. MENTAL HEALTH: ISLAMIC PERSPECTIVE

    OpenAIRE

    Muzdalifah M. Rahman

    2015-01-01

    The purpose of this paper was to explain the concept of mental health perspective Contemporary Psychology, describes the mental health of an Islamic perspective and describes how mental health recovery. The theory used is the concept of mental health perspective Contemporary Psychology, and the concept of mental health perspective Islamic Psychology Writing is writing method using qualitative research methods. Mental health is avoiding an Islamic perspective of all symptoms, complaints and...

  18. Islamic Myths and Memories

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Islamic myths and collective memory are very much alive in today’s localized struggles for identity, and are deployed in the ongoing construction of worldwide cultural networks. This book brings the theoretical perspectives of myth-making and collective memory to the study of Islam and globalizat....... It shows how contemporary Islamic thinkers and movements respond to the challenges of globalization by preserving, reviving, reshaping, or transforming myths and memories....

  19. Kepemimpinan dalam perspektif Islam

    OpenAIRE

    Sayra, Nadya; Juliandi, Azuar

    2017-01-01

    Sharia banking is a system of Islamic banking. In the last period, sharia Banking grew rapidly in Indonesia. The development of sharia banking requires Islamic leadership. Therefore, purpose of this study is to analyze employees and leaders perception of Islamic leadership in sharia banking. The approach of this study using an exploratory paradigm. Sources of research data are employees and leaders of Bank Syariah Mandiri in Medan City. The questionnaires and interviews were used to collect ...

  20. Femminismo e Islam

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Fehmi Jadaane

    2011-01-01

    Full Text Available Feminism and Islam - This article describes new developments in Islamic feminism. In the XIX Century of the Enlightenment, the idea of acknowledging sexual equality started a reform movement which put the question of women’s rights at the center. With the intensification of migratory movements and globalization, this debate has gone beyond the borders of Muslim countries, and now also involves western society. This paper discusses different Islamic feminist views with respect to the question of women rights. The author argues for the necessity of developing a new hermeneutic approach to the Koran in order to give rise to an enlightened, rational, egalitarian and humanistic Islam.

  1. INVESTIGATION OF THE PUZZLING ABUNDANCE PATTERN IN THE STARS OF THE FORNAX DWARF SPHEROIDAL GALAXY

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Li Hongjie; Cui Wenyuan; Zhang Bo, E-mail: zhangbo@mail.hebtu.edu.cn [Department of Physics, Hebei Normal University, No. 20 East of South 2nd Ring Road, Shijiazhuang 050024 (China)

    2013-09-20

    Many works have found unusual characteristics of elemental abundances in nearby dwarf galaxies. This implies that there is a key factor of galactic evolution that is different from that of the Milky Way (MW). The chemical abundances of the stars in the Fornax dwarf spheroidal galaxy (Fornax dSph) provide excellent information for setting constraints on the models of galactic chemical evolution. In this work, adopting the five-component approach, we fit the abundances of the Fornax dSph stars, including {alpha} elements, iron group elements, and neutron-capture elements. For most sample stars, the relative contributions from the various processes to the elemental abundances are not usually in the MW proportions. We find that the contributions from massive stars to the primary {alpha} elements and iron group elements increase monotonically with increasing [Fe/H]. This means that the effect of the galactic wind is not strong enough to halt star formation and the contributions from the massive stars to {alpha} elements did not halt for [Fe/H] {approx}< -0.5. The average contribution ratios of various processes between the dSph stars and the MW stars monotonically decrease with increasing progenitor mass. This is important evidence of a bottom-heavy initial mass function (IMF) for the Fornax dSph, compared to the MW. Considering a bottom-heavy IMF for the dSph, the observed relations of [{alpha}/Fe] versus [Fe/H], [iron group/Fe] versus [Fe/H], and [neutron-capture/Fe] versus [Fe/H] for the dSph stars can be explained.

  2. ARSITEKTUR ISLAM ATAU ARSITEKTUR ISLAMI?

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sativa Sativa

    2011-01-01

      ABSTRACT. It has been regarded, there are so many discussion and study of Islamic architecture, particularly among academics and practitioners. Most of the discussion focuses on aspects of form, style, historical relics and other things that are considered physical is part of the culture of Muslims. Meanwhile, some people feel that the real Islam is not enough just realized with the physical aspect only. Currently, growing discourse about Islamic architecture which tends to emphasize Islamic values rather than physical typology of product architecture. In this matter, the author referred to it as Islamic Architecture. This paper is aimed to discover how extend to which the differences between two thinking about Islam Architecture and Islamic Architecture, and to find out the aspects which influence in Islamic Architecture product planning, through the study of various sources of the Qur'an and hadith, books, journals, and several articles, in addition to analysis of the author's own thoughts. From those studies it was found that a discussion of Islam architecture is very different from Islamic architecture. Islam architecture emphasizes the physical aspects of the built environment, while Islamic architecture is more advanced on Islamic values which root on Al Quran and hadith or sunnah of the Prophet. Aspects of Islamic architecture that need to be developed is efficiency, egalitarian, privacy and genius loci.   Keywords : Islam Architecture, Islamic Architecture, Islamic values

  3. Epistemologi Anarkhis Paul Feyerabend dan Implikasinya terhadap Pemikiran Islam

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Abdul Aziz Faradi

    2014-11-01

    Full Text Available Nowadays, Islamic thought is trapped on the stagnancy of ideas. Such condition happens because the function of Islam changes, from an instrument for freedom to a rigid system of ideology. The similar pattern of change identified by Feyerabend also exists in the modern science. The similarity of the pattern inspired the writer to elaborate the concept of anarchy epistemology of Paul Feyerabend and its implication to the Islamic thought. This article uses philosophical hermeneutic  approach by Gadamer in investigating meaningful sense of Feyerabend thought. The conclusion of the study ends up with the importance of returning Islamic thought to the pluralistic environment  because Islam itself was not burn in a single thought but at least there are three epistemic patrons; Bayani, Burhani, and ‘Irfani.

  4. Islam in Europe

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Nielsen, Jørgen Schøler

    2008-01-01

    A discussion of various approaches to Islam and Muslims in Europe in seven books published in the USA and the UK between 2005 and 2007.......A discussion of various approaches to Islam and Muslims in Europe in seven books published in the USA and the UK between 2005 and 2007....

  5. Mohammad Shahidul Islam

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    Mohammad Shahidul Islam. Articles written in Journal of Chemical Sciences. Volume 127 Issue 9 September 2015 pp 1547-1556. Molecular structure investigation and tautomerism aspects of ()-3-benzylideneindolin-2-one · Assem Barakat Abdullah Mohammed Al-Majid Mohammad Shahidul Islam M Ali Saied M Soliman ...

  6. Tujuan Pendidikan Islam

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Imam Syafe'i

    2015-11-01

    Full Text Available There are three basic components of human innate. These components are body, spirit, and mind. One is the body, which is developed according to sunatullah means that if humans consume enough food nutrition it will grow like plants and other creatures. While the spirit and the senses evolved to explore themselves through the process of education. The body, the spirit, and the mind is a unity of whole and round and indivisible. According to Jalaluddin the purpose of Islamic education should be formulated from the philosophical value contained in the philosophy of Islamic education. The purpose of Islamic education is identical with the goal of Islam itself. According to Abdurrahman Saleh Abdullah, there are three main objectives of Islamic education, namely that physical objectives (ahdaf al-jismiyyah, spiritual causes (ahdaf a, ruhiyyah-education, and mental objectives (ahdaf al-aqliyyah.

  7. Covering Ground: Movement Patterns and Random Walk Behavior in Aquilonastra anomala Sea Stars.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lohmann, Amanda C; Evangelista, Dennis; Waldrop, Lindsay D; Mah, Christopher L; Hedrick, Tyson L

    2016-10-01

    The paths animals take while moving through their environments affect their likelihood of encountering food and other resources; thus, models of foraging behavior abound. To collect movement data appropriate for comparison with these models, we used time-lapse photography to track movements of a small, hardy, and easy-to-obtain organism, Aquilonastra anomala sea stars. We recorded the sea stars in a tank over many hours, with and without a food cue. With food present, they covered less distance, as predicted by theory; this strategy would allow them to remain near food. We then compared the paths of the sea stars to three common models of animal movement: Brownian motion, Lévy walks, and correlated random walks; we found that the sea stars' movements most closely resembled a correlated random walk. Additionally, we compared the search performance of models of Brownian motion, a Lévy walk, and a correlated random walk to that of a model based on the sea stars' movements. We found that the behavior of the modeled sea star walk was similar to that of the modeled correlated random walk and the Brownian motion model, but that the sea star walk was slightly more likely than the other walks to find targets at intermediate distances. While organisms are unlikely to follow an idealized random walk in all details, our data suggest that comparing the effectiveness of an organism's paths to those from theory can give insight into the organism's actual movement strategy. Finally, automated optical tracking of invertebrates proved feasible, and A. anomala was revealed to be a tractable, 2D-movement study system.

  8. Islamic Social Reporting in Islamic Banking: Stakeholders Theory Perspective

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Meutia Inten

    2017-01-01

    Full Text Available This research aims to compare the level of Corporate Social Responsibility disclosure on Islamic banking in Indonesia and Malaysia. Using data from annual report in seven public Islamic banks in Indonesia and seven public Islamic banks in Malaysia, this research find that the level ISR of Islamic banking in Indonesia are better than the level ISR of Islamic banking in Malaysia. There were significant differences between the two groups were observed with respect to the all theme of reporting.

  9. Gerakan Filantropi Islam di Amerika

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Fuad Hasyim

    2018-01-01

    Penelitian bertujuan untuk mengetahui perkembangan gerakan filantropi Islam di Amerika yang meliputi pembahasan tentang basis kelembagaan filantropi Islam dan kontribusinya terhadap solidaritas dan pemberdayaan umat Islam di Amerika. Penelitian ini adalah kajian literatur dengan menggunakan metode penelitian kualitatif dan pendekatan multidisiplin. Hasil penelitian menunjukan empat basis kelembagaan gerakan filantropi Islam di Amerika; yaitu masjid, lembaga pendidikan, etnis dan aliran atau madzhab pemikiran. Didapatkan pula fakta hubungan signifikan antara eksistensi lembaga filantropi Islam terhadap kebijakan politik pemerintah terkait isu radikalisme yang melekat pada umat Islam di Amerika. Kata Kunci : Amerika, Filantropi, Islam, Muslim

  10. Penelitian Islam: Dasar dan Filosofi

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Abu Bakar Marzuki

    2017-03-01

    Full Text Available This article is a continued understanding of some thoughts delivered by the Islamic study experts. Actually, Islamic study orientation is still floating and it does not have a clear goal. Some parts of Islamic study is  model or a similar effort done by  orientalists in studying Islam, and in line with the vision and the mission starting from false conclusion about Islam. Therefore, Islamic study experts in the earlier awakening of Islam such as  Al-banna, al-maududi, Ismail Raji al Faruqi, Ziauddin sardar, and Muhammad Naquib al-Attas have offered various thoughts in implementing the framework of Islamic study in line with the vision and the mission of Islam so that their mindset becomes the basis for development of Islamic study. 

  11. The Challenge of Islamic Finance

    OpenAIRE

    Sheng, Andrew; Singh, Ajit

    2012-01-01

    From its humble beginnings in the 1990s, Islamic finance has become a trillion US dollar industry. The market consensus is that Islamic finance has a bright future due to favourable demographics and rising incomes in the Muslim community. Moreover, despite voices sceptical of an accommodation between Islamic and global finance, leading global banks are buying Islamic bonds and forming subsidiaries specially to conduct Islamic finance business. Special laws have been passed in non-Muslim fi...

  12. Konsep Ilmu dalam Islam

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Achmad Reza Hutama al-Faruqi

    2015-09-01

    Full Text Available Concept of science in Islam has its own universal dimension, metaphysic and empiric, and diffenrent from sciences came from Western worldview which limited in empiric dimension. It will be in the case that the concept of science in Islam is one of integral part of Islamic worldview; so that it has its own characteristics differed from another concept of science in other civilizations. Science according to Islamic worldview is not only cover substance of knowledge, but becomes important element in civilization as well. Related to the important of position of science, number of scholar such as Ibnu Khaldun, Imam al Ghazali, or Syed Muhammad Naquib al-Attas gave several features of science to know which one has higher priority, to be associated with how the concept of science in Islam decided later. From the discussion offered by the scholars, it will be understood that science in Islam not only encompasses theology and law, but also there is a row of other sciences such as physics, biology, and so forth need to be studied. The acquisition method of each branch of sciences have their own approach, both of internal and external sense, khabar s}a>diq, and the third is intellect. A Muslim should solidly hold the Islamic tradition and not too impressed with the tradition of Western scholarly even it looks more attractive.

  13. Spiritualitas Islam dalam Kewirausahaan

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Hanifiyah Yuliatul Hijriah

    2016-05-01

    Full Text Available Islamic spirituality refers to a paradigm of unity in realizing a harmonious balance between aspects of the world and the hereafter. This is an important aspect in fostering the forces that accompanied the faith toward Allah SWT, the power over all aspects of life, including for entrepreneurial activity. Islamic spirituality was born from every human which is capable of being utilized a strength in the form of spiritual intelligence. This element exists in every human being as grace of Allah SWT, which is useful for the activity of life. Results found that there were seven spiritual intelligence elements according to the Islamic perspective, there are: the faith, taqwâ, morality, s}iddîq, amânah, tablîgh, fat}ânah, discipline, visionary, and empathy. This qualitative study examines aspects of the spirituality of Islam containing potential elements in the form of spiritual intelligence that was potential for Islamic entrepreneurship in achieving sustainability of the business. The ability of businessmen to manage businesses, through attitude and decision making can be dependent upon the elements of the intelligence of Islamic spirituality. Islamic spiritual intelligence is able to be implemented in the business activities in order to achieve the sustainability of business, namely at the stage of production management, marketing, capital and human resources, where the result can be synergized to form a continuity of effort appropriate to The Islamic perspective. The orientation of the sustainability of the effort according to Islam was not only profit achievement, but also to achieve spiritual benefit that is also Allah SWT’s blessings.

  14. A CANDELS-3D-HST synergy : Resolved Star Formation Patterns at 0.7

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Wuyts, S.; , van, Dokkum P.G.; , van der, Wel A.

    2013-01-01

    We analyze the resolved stellar populations of 473 massive star-forming galaxies at 0.7 {lt} z {lt} 1.5, with multi-wavelength broadband imaging from CANDELS and H{$α$} surface brightness profiles at the same kiloparsec resolution from 3D-HST. Together, this unique data set sheds light on how the

  15. ORIENTALISME, LIBERALISME ISLAM, DAN PENGEMBANGAN STUDI ISLAM DI IAIN

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ahwan Fanani

    2007-06-01

    Full Text Available The recent development of Islamic Studies in IAIN (The State Institute for Islamic Studies shows a trend to combine Islamic studies based on traditional approaches and methods with that employed in Western universities or orientalism. The trend is promoted by Indonesian scholar graduates from Western Universities, and results in the growth of Islamic liberalism. To some Islamic revivalism advocates, the trend is considered misleading, and IAIN with its lecturers pursuing studies in Western universities are accused to be agents of Islamic liberalism in Indonesia. Contrarily, some Islamic scholars see the trend as a bright future for development of Islamic studies in Indonesia. The situation puts IAIN in a dilemma either to keep on traditional approaches and methods or to adopt deliberately new ones coming from Western tradition. In my opinion, IAIN should apply them both and combine them to promote better future of Islamic studies in Indonesia.

  16. Measuring Islamic Business Ethics Within Indonesia Islamic Banks

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Gusti Ngurah Oka Widana

    2014-12-01

    Full Text Available The business characteristic of Islamic banks is the implementation of Islamic business ethics. Parallel with the trend of increasing preference to ethical institution, Islamic banks should put this as its competitive edge toward its competitor conventional competitor banks. However, only few previous studies discussed about the implementation of Islamic business ethics within Islamic banks and none suggested how to measure such implementation. This paper is a study of the literature on ethics and Islamic business ethics as the first step in developing a measurement tool of Islamic business ethics implementation within Islamic banks. This paper synthesizes the dimensions of Islamic business ethics that is excavated from the Quran and Sunna, being proposed by previous studies. There are seven dimensions, namely unity of God, benevolence, justice and equity, sincere, equilibrium, trusteeship and responsibility. Subsequently, this paper outlines these dimensions into 21 items. The opportunity of future empirical study is recommended at the end of this paper.

  17. Islamic Development Bank

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    1978-06-01

    The Islamic Development Bank (IDB) was opened formally in October 1975 to foster the economic development and social progress of its member countries and Moslem communities individually as well as jointly in accordance with the priniciples of Islamic law. Its functions include participation in equity capital, granting loans for projects and enterprises, extending training facilities, and promoting foreign trade, especially in capital goods, among the member countries. The 34-member Bank is capitalized at 2 billion Islamic Dinars and located in Jeddah, Saudi Arabia.

  18. Proper Islamic Consumption

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Fischer, Johan

    mobile, religiously committed communities to the opportunities and perils presented by modernisation. It also tells us something about the debates concerning the meanings and practices of Islam within an aggressive, globalised, secularised modernity. In Malaysia this is an especially intriguing issue...... spite of a long line of social theory analyzing the spiritual in the economic, and vice versa, very little of the recent increase in scholarship on Islam addresses its relationship with capitalism. Johan Fischer’s book,Proper Islamic Consumption, begins to fill this gap. […] Fischer’s detailed...

  19. Islam Pribumi Versus Islam Otentik (Dialektika Islam Universal Dengan Partikularitas Budaya Lokal)

    OpenAIRE

    Susanto, Edi

    2012-01-01

    Tulisan ini berusaha menyajikan lanskap dialektika Islam dengan dimensi lokalitas budaya. Secara dikhotomik, kemudian dimunculkan konsep Islam Pribumi dan Islam otentik dengan segala karakteristik dan implikasinya. Islam pribumi dengan karakteristik ramah lingkungan dan memainkan “politik garam” yang tidak tampak namun menyatu-bersenyawa dengan budaya yang dihinggapinya dan Islam otentik dengan karakteristik “khas Arab” dan memainkan “politik bendera” yang sangat menonjolkan superioritas-he...

  20. TRANSAKSI MATA UANG DALAM PANDANGAN ISLAM

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Zainal Abidin

    2013-09-01

    Full Text Available The trading of money in modern era is very important tocontrol and balance of global economic. Over this system,the procces of global trading are exist and more easier.Baut in other side according to Islamic concept thetrading of maney have to follow the patterns arerecommaded. This article want to explain about thepattern about Islamic concept in the money trading. Theminimal target is may be can give inspiration and spiritin money trading. The target is not impossible if we mantto do effort to do something especially in the system oftransaction, the statement of transaction, etc. To changethe all of methode in the modern/commercial system inthe money trading is imposible but create the newsystem mhich the convergent between Islamic andcommercial system in trading of money is impoosibleand be the target.

  1. Early Islamic Syria

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Walmsley, Alan

    After more than a century of neglect, a profound revolution is occurring in the way archaeology addresses and interprets developments in the social history of early Islamic Syria-Palestine. This concise book offers an innovative assessment of social and economic developments in Syria-Palestine sh......After more than a century of neglect, a profound revolution is occurring in the way archaeology addresses and interprets developments in the social history of early Islamic Syria-Palestine. This concise book offers an innovative assessment of social and economic developments in Syria......-Palestine shortly before, and in the two centuries after, the Islamic expansion (the later sixth to the early ninth century AD), drawing on a wide range of new evidence from recent archaeological work. Alan Walmsley challenges conventional explanations for social change with the arrival of Islam, arguing...

  2. Moderate and Radical Islam

    National Research Council Canada - National Science Library

    Rabasa, Angel

    2005-01-01

    This report presents the statement of Angel Rabasa, PhD, Senior Policy Analyst, The RAND Corporation, to the Committee on Armed Services, Defense Review Terrorism and Radical Islam Gap Panel, United...

  3. Pendidikan Agama Islam inklusifmultikultural

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mahmud Arif

    2012-06-01

    Full Text Available Islam is as a universal religion, as a religion for humanity (all humankind, or as a religion for the entire world because of its’ mission as rahmatan li al-’alamin. To realize such mission in Indonesian context, education activity is aimed to raise up a multicultural wisdom and global awareness of the pupils, so in next time they will be able to contribute in preservation of heterogenity and to develop it for attaining a prosperious life, besides to face globalization current appropiately. In this case, islamic education has a duty in transfering inclusive-multiculturalism Islamic teachings to students so that they are able to appreciate global values of Islam, like inclusivism, humanism, tolerance, and democracy.

  4. Islam: Sunnis and Shiites

    National Research Council Canada - National Science Library

    Blanchard, Christopher M

    2009-01-01

    .... This report includes a historical background of the Sunni-Shiite split and discusses the differences in religious beliefs and practices between and within each Islamic sect as well as their similarities...

  5. Islam: Sunnis and Shiites

    National Research Council Canada - National Science Library

    Blanchard, Christopher M

    2005-01-01

    .... This report includes a historical background of the Sunni-Shiite split and the differences in religious beliefs and practices between and within each Islamic sect as well as their similarities...

  6. Islam: Sunnis and Shiites

    National Research Council Canada - National Science Library

    Blanchard, Christopher M

    2006-01-01

    .... This report includes a historical background of the Sunni-Shiite split and discusses the differences in religious beliefs and practices between and within each Islamic sect as well as their similarities...

  7. ASURANSI DALAM PERSPEKTIF ISLAM

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Havis Aravik

    2016-12-01

    Full Text Available This article discusses how insurance aplikable in Islam perspective. The results of discussion is that insurance as Islamic Economic (muamalah practice today, is not known at the time of the Prophet Muhammad, so that the legal basis textually not found in the Quran and hadith, the results of previous scholars and ijtihad in codes of Islamic Law. Islamic insurance which is being developed today, can essentially reduce the burden and narrowness, and bring benefits in people's lives. Therefore, the community should begin to see the prospect of such insurance as the media to protect themselves from the various possibilities of unwanted later, while participating together help each other in goodness and piety.

  8. Islam, Standards, and Technoscience

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Fischer, Johan

    Halal (literally, "permissible" or "lawful") production, trade, and standards have become essential to state-regulated Islam and to companies in contemporary Malaysia and Singapore, giving these two countries a special position in the rapidly expanding global market for halal products......, this book provides an exploration of the role of halal production, trade, and standards. Fischer explains how the global markets for halal comprise divergent zones in which Islam, markets, regulatory institutions, and technoscience interact and diverge. Focusing on the "bigger institutional picture...

  9. Islam and harm reduction.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kamarulzaman, A; Saifuddeen, S M

    2010-03-01

    Although drugs are haram and therefore prohibited in Islam, illicit drug use is widespread in many Islamic countries throughout the world. In the last several years increased prevalence of this problem has been observed in many of these countries which has in turn led to increasing injecting drug use driven HIV/AIDS epidemic across the Islamic world. Whilst some countries have recently responded to the threat through the implementation of harm reduction programmes, many others have been slow to respond. In Islam, The Quran and the Prophetic traditions or the Sunnah are the central sources of references for the laws and principles that guide the Muslims' way of life and by which policies and guidelines for responses including that of contemporary social and health problems can be derived. The preservation and protection of the dignity of man, and steering mankind away from harm and destruction are central to the teachings of Islam. When viewed through the Islamic principles of the preservation and protection of the faith, life, intellect, progeny and wealth, harm reduction programmes are permissible and in fact provide a practical solution to a problem that could result in far greater damage to the society at large if left unaddressed. Copyright (c) 2009. Published by Elsevier B.V.

  10. Reconciling Islam and feminism.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hashim, I

    1999-03-01

    This paper objects to the popular view that Islam supports a segregated social system where women are marginalized, and argues that certain Islamic texts are supportive of women's rights. The article proposes that Islam reconcile with feminism by returning to the Qur'an. The Qur'an provides rights which address the common complaints of women such as lack of freedom to make decisions for themselves and the inability to earn an income. One example is a verse in the Qur'an (4:34) that is frequently interpreted as giving women complete control over their own income and property. This article also explains how Islam has been used as a method of controlling women, particularly in the practices of veiling and purdah (seclusion). The article points out the need to engage in Islam from a position of knowing, and to ensure that Muslim women have access to this knowledge. It is only through this knowledge that women can assert their rights and challenge patriarchal interpretations of Islam.

  11. Islam Wetu Telu [Dialektika Hukum Islam dengan Tradisi Lokal

    OpenAIRE

    Zuhdi, Muhammad Harfin

    2014-01-01

    Islam reached Lombok in the sixteenth century. It was brought by the Javanese Muslim preachers led by Sunan Prapen, the son of Sunan Giri, one of the famous nine saints (Wali Songo). Prior to the spread of Islam in this island, the indigenous people of Lombok (the Sasak) had embraced their own traditional religion,called Boda. This created dialectics between Islam and this local belief that resulted in the rise of vernacular expression of Islam called wetu teluin Bayan, north Lombok....

  12. Pengasuhan Anak Yatim dalam Prespektif Pendidikan Islam

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Fauziyah Masyhari

    2017-06-01

    Full Text Available Artikel ini membahas pengasuhan anak yatim dalam perspektif pendidikan Islam. Ada dua pertanyaan penting: (1 apa maksud pengasuhan anak yatim itu? (2 bagaimana pola asuh anak yatim dalam pendidikan Islam? Kajian ini menyimpulkan bahwa: (1 pengasuhan anak yatim yaitu proses perbuatan mengasuh, menjaga, dan membimbing yang dilakukan oleh orang dewasa, sebagai upaya membentuk kepribadian yang sempurna (kāmil; (2 Pola asuh anak yatim memiliki dua bentuk, yaitu: pertama, bentuk keluarga, di mana keluarga tertentu mengangkat anak yatim untuk dijadikan anak asuh; kedua, bentuk panti asuhan atau asrama yang biasanya dikelola oleh yayasan tertentu. This article discusses the care of orphans in the perspective of Islamic education. There are two important questions: (1 what is an orphan care? (2 how is the pattern of orphan care in Islamic education? This study concludes that: (1 upbringing of orphans is the process of parenting, guarding and guiding by adults, in an attempt to form a perfect personality (kāmil; (2 The pattern of foster care of orphans has two forms, namely: first, the form of the family, in which the particular family appoints the orphan to be a foster child; second, the form of an orphanage or dormitory that is usually managed by a particular foundation.

  13. DEMOCRACY AND EDUCATION ISLAM

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ulfa Masamah

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available Education is one of the media that is Able to help develop the potential of all human beings. Over time the implementation of many educational experience problems when the role of education has a significant influence on improving the quality of human life. Islamic education as an agent of social change should be Able to hit the problem that move dynamically and proactively to the advancement and improvement of Muslims. Das sollen, the purpose of education in Islam as the process of formation of human beings to conform with the nature of existence. Therefore, we need an alternative thinking in an effort to minimize the various educational failure. Democratization of education Considered as a solution capable of Islamic education in creating a humanist. Education that does not justify the existence of intimidation, repression and restrictions on the creativity of teachers and students can be Realized with the Efforts to create a democracy marked by education teaching-learning process that is open and full of healthy and responsible dialogue between teacher and pupil. Humanist atmosphere in education will deliver the achievement of educational goals of Islam. Islamic education is basically the Democratization of space, the which is where the education is directed at a dialogical space. Moreover, the ultimate goal of Islamic education directs its final destination on the behavior and attitude changes, the quality and variety of aspects that promote humanism space. Islamic education should be oriented to instill democratic values in the learning process, such as openness, mutual respect, sympathy, empathy, solidarity, and their understanding of pluralism in a pluralistic life.

  14. Relasi Fiqh Muamalat dengan Ekonomi Islam

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Zainil Ghulam

    2016-10-01

    Full Text Available Association of human society, will lead to personal interests for the sake of self-sufficient. From this will be born the rights and obligations that must be observed as a result of the fulfillment of human life necessities. Every human being bears the rights and obligations of each. Therefore, the association's rights and obligations should be regulated in accordance with the law and order that is clearly not harm each other. For example, every human being must be in need of property or the property of others. To meet these needs, the emerging practice of barter (exchange of goods, then buying and selling directly and are now developing more advanced such as e-commerce. Practices such as these need standards clear law to protect the rights and obligations of each. From here, the Muslim scholars to formulate diligence "rules of the game" are clear and properly conforming the Islamic Sharia, known as Fiqh Muamalat. In Islam, the fundamental philosophy of Islamic Economics is unity of god (Sura 39:38. The concept of monotheism confirms that Allah is the One mighty One, the creator of all beings. Human beings as creatures are derived from the same creation and discount equal rights and obligations as a vicegerent on earth. Thus, in Islamic Economics unknown economic strata, because the principle is the equitable distribution of economic resources for the benefit of human life and the universe. Humans as economic beings (homo economicus will certainly study the economy as part of his behavior to meet their needs in accordance with the principles prisnip human interaction. Therefore, the pattern of interaction between people (read: Muamalat in economic practice (Islam, it can be concluded that the real Islamic economic is part of the Fiqh Muamalat.

  15. Etika Bisnis dalam Perspektif Islam

    OpenAIRE

    Nawatmi, Sri

    2010-01-01

    There is no ethic in business can make a destroy in a live. Because of that, many Businessman aware. Now, business ethic is a trend.The fact indicate that there is positif relation between perform and ethic. In Islam, business ethic explained in Al-Qur'an and Hadits. History about Nabi Muhammad saw said that Nabi is a successful businessman with Islamic ethic. Be based on the law in Islam, there are five principles in Islamic ethic.

  16. STUDI ISLAM PENDEKATAN HERMENEUTIK

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Elok Noor Farida

    2013-09-01

    Full Text Available ISLAMIC STUDIES USING HERMENEUTICS APPRO- ACH. Al-Qur’an as the Islam’s holy book is a miracle that has been revealed to the Prophet Muhammad as a guide for muslim’s life. As a Muslim, we necessarily have to understand exactly what the message of  the Quran. Al-Qur’an is not only readable even it is a worship, but more than that, how to implement the contents of  the Qur’an in everyday life. In understanding asbab al-nuzul certainly should understand that there are verses in the Qur’an. In addition, it should also understand various methods to understand the Qur’an, one of them is the hermeneutic approach. Hermeneutics as a method of reading the text has been widely recognized in various fields of  traditional Islamic scholarship, especially in the tradition of  fiqh and tafsir al-Qur’an. Meanwhile, modern hermeneutics in Islamic thought can basically be called a great leap in the formulation of  the methodology of  Islamic thought in general and methods of  interpretation of  the Kor’an in particular.Therefore, the approach of  hermeneutics in Islamic studies also need to be studied to add to the treasures of  knowledge and can provide new insights on how to understand the text and interpretation of the text that will be studied. keywords: Islamic Studies, Hermeneutics. Kitab Suci Al-Qur’an sebagai kitab suci agama Islam merupakan mukjizat yang telah diturunkan kepada Nabi Muhammad saw. sebagai pedoman umat Islam sepanjang hayat. Sebagai Muslim yang mempedomani tentu harus memahami betul apa pesan-pesan dalam Al-Qur’an.  Al-Qur’an  tidak  hanya  dibaca  meskipun  bernilai ibadah, akan tetapi lebih dari itu, bagaimana mengimplementasikan isi kandungan Al-Qur’an dalam kehidupan sehari-hari. Dalam memahami tentu harus memahami asbabun nuzul ayat-ayat yang terdapat dalam Al-Qur’an. Di samping itu, juga harus memahami berbagai macam metode dalam memahami Al-Qur’an, di antaranya dengan pendekatan

  17. Islam and Media Representations

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mohamed Bensalah

    2006-04-01

    Full Text Available For the author of this article, the media’s treatment of Islam has raised numerous polymorphous questions and debates. Reactivated by the great scares of current events, the issue, though an ancient one, calls many things into question. By way of introduction, the author tries to analyse the complex processes of elaboration and perception of the representations that have prevailed during the past century. In referring to the semantic decoding of the abundant colonial literature and iconography, the author strives to translate the extreme xenophobic tensions and the identity crystallisations associated with the current media orchestration of Islam, both in theWest and the East. He then evokes the excesses of the media that are found at the origin of many amalgams wisely maintained between Islam, Islamism and Islamic terrorism, underscoring their duplicity and their willingness to put themselves, consciously, in service to deceivers and directors of awareness, who are very active at the heart of the politico-media sphere. After levelling a severe accusation against the harmful drifts of the media, especially in times of crisis and war, the author concludes by asserting that these tools of communication, once they are freed of their masks and invective apparatuses, can be re-appropriated by new words and bya true communication between peoples and cultures.

  18. Sexuality and Islam.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Dialmy, Abdessamad

    2010-06-01

    This paper deals with three major questions: (1) What are the sexual norms defined by the sacred texts (Koran and Sunna)? (2) What are the sexual practices currently observed among Moslems? (3) To which extent are current sexual practices of Moslems dissociated from Islamic sexual norms? Sexual standards in Islam are paradoxical: on the one hand, they allow and actually are an enticement to the exercise of sexuality but, on the other hand, they discriminate between male and female sexuality, between marital and pre- or extramarital sexuality, and between heterosexuality and homosexuality. Men are given more rights with regard to the expression of their sexuality; women are forbidden to have extramarital sex (with their slaves) and both genders to have homosexual relationships. The combination of these paradoxical standards with modernisation leads to the current back and forth swing of sexual practices between repression and openness. Partial modernisation leads to greater sexual tolerance. But restrictive sexual standards have gathered strength and have become idealised as a result of the current radicalisation of Islam. This swing of the pendulum between repression and openness is illustrated by phenomena such as public harassment, premarital sexuality, female pleasure, prostitution, and homosexuality. Currently, Islam is not any more the only reference which provides guidance concerning sexual practices but secularisation of sexual laws is still politically unthinkable today. So the only solution is to achieve reform in the name of Islam, through the reinterpretation of repressive holy texts.

  19. Islamic approach in counseling.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hanin Hamjah, Salasiah; Mat Akhir, Noor Shakirah

    2014-02-01

    A religious approach is one of the matters emphasized in counseling today. Many researchers find that there is a need to apply the religious element in counseling because religion is important in a client's life. The purpose of this research is to identify aspects of the Islamic approach applied in counseling clients by counselors at Pusat Kaunseling Majlis Agama Islam Negeri Sembilan (PKMAINS). In addition, this research also analyses the Islamic approach applied in counseling at PKMAINS with reference to al-Quran and al-Sunnah. This is a qualitative research in the form of case study at PKMAINS. The main method used in this research is interview. The research instrument used is interview protocol. The respondents in this study include 9 counselors who serve in one of the counseling centers in Malaysia. This study also uses questionnaire as an additional instrument, distributed to 36 clients who receive counseling service at the center. The findings of the study show that the Islamic approach applied in counseling at PKMAINS may be categorized into three main aspects: aqidah (faith), ibadah (worship/ultimate devotion and love for God) and akhlaq (moral conduct). Findings also show that the counseling in these aspects is in line with Islamic teachings as contained in al-Quran and al-Sunnah.

  20. Islam and Political Violence

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    John L Esposito

    2015-09-01

    Full Text Available The global threat of Al Qaeda post 9/11 and ISIL, increased Sunni-Shia conflicts, and violence in the Middle East and Pakistan dominate headlines and challenge governments in the region and globally. Both Muslim extremists and some Western experts and observers speak of a clash of civilizations or a culture war in Muslim-West relations. Both the discourse and violence yet again raise questions about the relationship of Islam to violence and terrorism: is Islam a particularly violent religion? Critics cite Quranic passages, doctrines like jihad and events in Muslim history as strong indicators and proof that Islam is the primary driver of Muslim extremism and terrorism. What do the Quran and Islamic law have to say about violence, jihad and warfare? What are the primary drivers of terrorism in the name of Islam today? This article will address these questions in the context of development of global jihadist movements, in particular Al Qaeda and ISIL, their roots, causes, ideology and agenda.

  1. Confessional Peculiarity of Chinese Islam

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mukan, Nurzat M.; Bulekbayev, Sagadi B.; Kurmanaliyeva, Ainura D.; Abzhalov, Sultanmurat U.; Meirbayev, Bekzhan B.

    2016-01-01

    This paper considers features of Islam among Muslim peoples in China. Along with the traditional religions of China--Confucianism, Buddhism, Taoism--Islam influenced noticeable impact on the formation of Chinese civilization. The followers of Islam have a significant impact on ethno-religious, political, economic and cultural relations of the…

  2. Perkembangan Psikologi Anak Dalampendidikan Islam

    OpenAIRE

    Bakar, Abu

    2011-01-01

    Islamic education psychology constitutes a sitem's Sub of psychology knowledge branch that is engaged process learning. Islamic education psychology actually constitute psychology study to day-to-day problem in Islamic education, one that develops principle, models, theory, procedure in learning and works through another issue issue that regard student interaction by learns through al Qur' an and Hadis Rasulullah

  3. PERKEMBANGAN PSIKOLOGI ANAK DALAMPENDIDIKAN ISLAM

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Abu Bakar

    2011-11-01

    Full Text Available Islamic education psychology constitutes a sitem's Sub of psychology knowledge branch that is engaged process learning. Islamic education psychology actually constitute psychology study to day-to-day problem in Islamic education, one that develops principle, models, theory, procedure in learning and works through another issue issue that regard student interaction by learns through al Qur' an and Hadis Rasulullah

  4. DINAMIKA STUDI ISLAM DI BARAT

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    M Rusydi

    2016-04-01

    Full Text Available The following writing shows the historicity of Islamic studies in the West. It is important to reflect, at least as a comparison for our Islamic studies in Indonesia. Initially, Islamic studies in the West were looked unfairly. Islam was considered a fragment of Jews and Christian tradition. Thus, Islamic studies were positioned as a subunit of Christian studies. At this condition, Islamic studies tended to be colonized by West scholars’ ideology. However, in 1980, Islamic studies began to be looked fairly in the West. Funded by National Endowment for the Humanities, University of Arizona for the first time held an international symposium on Islam and Religious Studies. In this symposium, Islam was considered equally with Christian. Therefore, the research on it was not only about Islam as religion but also as civilization. It was indicated by various approaches to Islam such as philology, social and humanities approaches. Today, Islamic studies develop intensively with the contemporary approaches called post-orientalism which is based on post-colonialism, post-structuralism, multiculturalism, and critical theory.

  5. Islamic Education: History and Tendency.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hilgendorf, Eric

    2003-01-01

    Examines the history and tendency of Islamic education, discussing how, after 1,000 years of intellectual leadership, the Islamic world has not retained its dominance, and examining the educational institutions that both spawned and doomed the Eastern intellectual revolution. The article addresses: the role of knowledge in Islam; emphasis on…

  6. Islam Politik dan Radikalisme: Tafsir Baru Kekerasan Aktivisme Islam Indonesia

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ali Asghar

    2015-08-01

    Full Text Available Tulisan ini berkesimpulan bahwa kekerasan aktivisme Islam politik lebih ditentukan pada kemampuan mengukur batas toleransi politik; watak represi negara dan aksesibilitas sistem politik. Batas toleransi politik menentukan sebuah gerakan perlu tidaknya mengambil jalan kekerasan sebagai saluran penentangan. Dengan menggunakan pendekatan integratif teori gerakan sosial, tulisan ini memberikan paradigma pilihan rasional untuk membaca kepentingan para aktor aktivisme Islam politik di Indonesia dalam memilih aksi kekerasan sebagai saluran penentangan. Akhirnya, kekerasan aktivisme Islam tidak semata-mata bersumber dari tradisi keagamaan. Simbol-simbol Islam yang melekat dalam aksi kekerasan aktivisme Islam merupakan strategi kerangka aksi (framing bukan sumber doktrinal dari tindakan kekerasan.

  7. Islam and the West

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mohd. Kamal Hassan

    1997-06-01

    Full Text Available The scientific and technological developments during the 18th and' the 19th centuries ensured material progress of the West, as well as emergence of the West as the dominating power which colonized the rest of the world. During the post-colonial phase, Islam emerged as a revitalized sociopolitical force. This has been mistaken as a threat by the West, and Islam has been portrayed as the "new enemy after the demise of communism. This is partly an effort to establish a Western identity, which is disintegrating due to lack of a challenge; and partly a reflection of the failure of Muslims to realize the social and ethical ideals of Islam.

  8. Islamic Education Research Problem

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Abdul Muthalib

    2012-04-01

    Full Text Available This paper will discuss Islamic educational studies that is reviewing how to find, limit and define problems and problem-solving concepts. The central question of this paper is to describe how to solve the problem in Islamic educational research. A researcher or educator who has the knowledge, expertise, or special interest on education for example is usually having a sensitivity to issues relating to educational research. In the research dimension of religious education, there are three types of problems, namely: Problems foundation, structural problems and operational issues. In doing research in Islamic education someone should understand research problem, limiting and formulating the problem, how to solve the problem, other problem relating to the point of research, and research approach.

  9. Islamic law of tort

    OpenAIRE

    Mohamad, Abdul Basir Bin

    1997-01-01

    The aim of this thesis is to discover cases and principles governing tort in Islamic law. The study is divided into six chapters, an introduction and a conclusion. The Introduction contains the explanation of the general characteristic of crime and tort, the scope, the importance of the study, methodology and the relevant literature of the thesis. Chapter one defines Western and Islamic law of tort, the existence of tort in Islām, some similar concepts between Western and Islām on the law o...

  10. Lessing und der Islam

    OpenAIRE

    Muslim, Zahim Mohammed

    2010-01-01

    „Lessing und der Islam“ beschäftigt sich unparteiisch mit Lessings Auseinandersetzung mit dem Islam. Die Arbeit setzt sich das Ziel, den Leser und den Literaturkennern sowie der deutschen Bibliothek der Germanistik etwas von Lessings Auseinandersetzung mit dem Islam in die Hand zu geben, die bis heute als großes Modell für die interkulturelle und interreligiöse Menschheitstoleranzdebatte im Gedächtnis der deutschen Literatur vorhanden ist. Im ersten Teil widmet sich die vorliegende Arbeit de...

  11. Islamic Mathematical Astronomy

    Science.gov (United States)

    Montelle, Clemency

    A short survey on Islamic mathematical astronomy practiced during the period running from the eight century until the fifteenth is presented. Various pertinent themes, such as the translation of foreign scientific works and their impact on the tradition; the introduction, assimilation, and critique of the Ptolemaic model; and the role of observations, will be covered. In addition, the zīj, the dominant format for astronomical works, will be briefly explained as well as the legacy of the Islamic tradition of astral sciences to other cultures.

  12. DISKURSUS ISLAM DALAM KONSTRUKSI MEDIA

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Muhammad Fahmi

    2015-12-01

    Full Text Available This paper aims to examine how the secular media in Surakarta represent Islam in the case of Charlie Hebdo. Therefore, this study used discourse analysis of Theo van Leeuwen focusing on how the subject or actor of the show in the media. This study concluded that the media represent Islam not only with “Western ideology” through idioms such as radical Islamist militants and terrorists, but also with "Islamic ideology". It is done through the construction of Islam as a religion of moderation and delegitimize Charlie Hebdo as magazine satyr abusing freedom. Various strategies are used ranging from strategy passivation to interdetermination. In this case, there are two poles of attraction in both media, namely the Western and Islamic ideology. If both media are quoting from Western sources, the Western ideology dominates the media narrative. Conversely, when both media used Islamic sources, the influence of Islamic ideology dominates the narrative of both media.

  13. AKULTURASI ISLAM DENGAN BUDAYA LOKAL

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    Agus Sriyanto

    2016-11-01

    Full Text Available Nowadays, especially in Java, it is difficult to flnd pure and original actualization of Islam. This condition is influenced by the Javanese and Hinduism traditions which had been tightly held by the society before the arrival of Islam. These traditions really influence the spread of Islam. Da’wa cultural approaches which were applied by Da ’i greatly influences the existence of Islam at this time. Without dismissing or changing the social culture, Islamic values are inserted to them and people can easily accept Islam. However, there is a negative effect of this model, which causes the occurrence of sincretism between a religion, in this case, Islam and local culture.

  14. ISLAMIZATION OF CONTEMPORARY ARCHITECTURE: SHIFTING THE PARADIGM OF ISLAMIC ARCHITECTURE

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    Mustapha Ben- Hamouche

    2012-03-01

    Full Text Available Islamic architecture is often thought as a history course and thus finds its material limited to the cataloguing and studying of legacies of successive empires or various geographic regions of the Islamic world. In practice, adherent professionals tend to reproduce high styles such as Umayyad, Abassid, Fatimid, Ottoman, etc., or recycle well known elements such as the minarets, courtyards, and mashrabiyyahs. This approach, endorsed by the present comprehensive Islamic revival, is believed to be the way to defend and revitalize the identity of Muslim societies that was initially affected by colonization and now is being offended by globalization. However, this approach often clashes with the contemporary trends in architecture that do not necessarily oppose the essence of Islamic architecture. Furthermore, it sometimes lead to an erroneous belief that consists of relating a priori forms to Islam and that clashes with the timeless and universal character of the Islamic religion. The key question to be asked then is, beyond this historicist view, what would be an “Islamic architec-ture” of nowadays that originates from the essence of Islam and that responds to contemporary conditions, needs, aspirations of present Muslim societies and individuals. To what extends can Islamic architecture bene-fits from modern progress and contemporary thought in resurrecting itself without loosing its essence. The hypothesis of the study is that, just as early Muslim architecture started from the adoption, use and re-use of early pre-Islamic architectures before reaching originality, this process, called Islamization, could also take place nowadays with the contemporary thought that is mostly developed in Western and non-Islamic environ-ments. Mechanisms in Islam that allowed the “absorption” of pre-existing civilizations should thus structure the islamization approach and serve the scholars and professionals to reach the new Islamic architecture. The

  15. Islam and Politics: the Case of the Islamic State

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    Shokri Mehdi

    2016-06-01

    Full Text Available This paper assesses the fundamental relation between the Islamic-political movements and establishment of the Islamic law (Shari’a. I argue against the critiques of western foreign policy and show that the Islamic State (Caliphate is both a result of the historical process of the people of a region and the extreme interpretation of the text and Sunna which emphasizes on the traditional Sharia law and the concept of Jihad by fortifying political Islam qua militant Islam. I argue that the Islamic revival aims to a certain political order which threatens the world security and peace. Moreover, I argue that the structural violation of Human Rights is rooted in the traditional concept of Islamic law or Sharia, which obtains its immunity by an illegitimate power. This traditional Islamic law is the inalienable character of authoritarian/totalitarian regimes. This paper is based on the assumption that the extreme ideological/theoretical interpretation implies the empirical objectives of Militant Islamic community with or without any external influential elements. In this sense, we can address the question: how different interpretations and traditions in executing the Islamic Sharia give the social and political grounds a seed for the emergence of violence and terrorism. At the end, this paper ends with a propose which emphasizes on the role of international cooperation to find a resolution and also on the education as a long-term plan to defeat extremism and terrorism.

  16. The Islamic State unfiltered

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Gloerich, Inte; Rowson, Rose; Cachia, Rebecca; Clandillon, Susan; Kolopaking, Cristel

    Instagram has become an unsuspecting pulpit ­– seemingly caught off guard – for those determined to spread a militant message of Islamic State terror. Graphic, fanatical and oftentimes heavily photoshopped images weave through Instagram’s labyrinth of sunset snaps and gym selfies to advance a

  17. Early Islamic Syria

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Walmsley, Alan George

    This book presents a new interpretation of social and economic developments in Syria-Palestine in the decades before and during the two centuries after the Islamic expansion into the region (roughly the later 6th to the early 9th century AD). Drawing on a wide range of evidence from recent...

  18. Islamic Rulings on Warfare

    National Research Council Canada - National Science Library

    Aboul-Enein, Youssef

    2004-01-01

    The United States no doubt will be involved in the Middle East for many decades. To be sure, settling the Israeli-Palestinian dispute or alleviating poverty could help to stem the tides of Islamic radicalism and anti-American sentiment...

  19. Bitcoin and Islamic Finance

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Bergstra, J.A.

    2014-01-01

    It is argued that a Bitcoin-style money-like informational commodity may constitute an effective instrument for the further development of Islamic Finance. The argument involves the following elements: (i) an application of circulation theory to Bitcoin with the objective to establish the

  20. The Islamic State Unfiltered

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Gloerich, I.; Kolopaking, C.; Cachia, R.; Rowson, R.; Clandillon, Susan

    Instagram has become an unsuspecting pulpit ­– seemingly caught off guard – for those determined to spread a militant message of Islamic State terror. Graphic, fanatical and oftentimes heavily photoshopped images weave through Instagram’s labyrinth of sunset snaps and gym selfies to advance a

  1. SURAU SEBAGAI PUSAT PENDIDIKAN ISLAM PADA MASA KESULTANAN PONTIANAK

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Muhammad Rahmatullah

    2014-12-01

    Full Text Available Historically, the surau has become an important means (institution/agency in terms of community development and enlightenment, particularly in religious learning and cultivation of moral values. In addition, the surau-based education had a significant reputation with regard to the spread of Islam to various regions and the area around an island and beyond, and probably to other countries. As a means of religious education, we can still find surau until now, although its role and function are no longer the same as they were in the past, in which educational activities of Islam in the early days of its growth were carried out under the surau educational system. Thus, since the beginning of the spread of Islam to Indonesia, surau has contributed the shape and pattern of its own in the Islamic educational system

  2. Islamic Values in Spatial Function of Javanese Traditional Architecture

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Supriyanta Supriyanta

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available Learn from the past is important thing as based for the next step. Learn past architecture to gain positive values can be used as guidelines to design better architectural works. Javanese traditional architecture is one of local architecture from the past which has positive values, even if it is done deeper study; it has Islamic values which can be used as principles in the process of Islamic architectural design. To achieve Islamic values in spatial pattern Javanese traditional architecture can be done through exploration and reviewing Javanese traditional architectural space afterward it is associated with Islamic values which are relevant with Al Qur’an and sunnah prophet. In fact is the spatial pattern in Javanese traditional architecture arrayed with beauty and also has Islamic valuable function. Those Islamic values are 1 high esteem guest (pendopo through providing wide and comfortable living room; 2 create divider (pringgitan which separate between living room and main room so that the privation can be kept; 3 separation the bed room (gandok kiwo and gandok tengen between parents and their children who are going mature and also between boys and girls; 4 provide praying room (senthong tengah to pray as family education and also as a place to pray to the God.

  3. Islam in the Western Media

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Bashy Quraishy

    2003-12-01

    Full Text Available Setelah serangan 11 September 2001 atas gedung World Trade Center, AS, kata Islam mejadi topik aktual dalam berbagai media barat, yang disandingkan dengan istilah-istilah terorisme, fundamentalisme, vadalisme, dan kata-kata berkonotasi buruk lainnya. Media barat, bahkan telah mengonstruksi persepsi tentang pertentangan Islam dan Barat dengan Amerika sebagai pemimpinnya. Sejak itu, secara perlahan tapi pasti, media barat memberitakan dunia Islam dalam gambaran begitu buruk: gambar-gambar para demonstran Pakistan, wanita yang ditangannya Quran dan pedang, film-film yang bertendensi anti-Islam. Ditayangkan berulangulang, terus-menerus, tiap hari. Upaya merendahkan Islam, bukan sekadar dalam ungkapan implisit, atau lewat gambar-gambar buruk, tapijuga sudah pada tingkat terang-terangan yang begitu eksplisit, seperti ungkapan: peradaban Islam lebih rendah daripada Kristen, orang Islam tidak beradab atau barbar, mengatasi terorisme Islam harus melalui pembaratan. Media barat menjadi kehilangan objektiviitas. Liputan tentang Islam, sebagian besar sekadar berita atau opini negatif; terjadi distorsi begitujauh. Media mengingkari kenyataan bahwa sesungguhnya Islam bukan hanya di anut oleh bangsa Timur Tengah, tapi juga oleh banyak ras dan bangsa lain, termasuk sebagian masyarakat barat. Pada kehdiuan sosial, akibatnya, para muslim minoritas di barat, sering diperlakukan tidak adil. Terdapat diskriminasi untuk nonEropa dan non-Kristen, khususnya Islam. Citra buruk tentang Islam di media barat. memang berlangsung jauh sebelum peristiwa II September. Ketika Uni Soviet bubar, Amerika dan sekutunya kehilangan musuh nomor satu; permusuhan itu kemudian diarahkan kepada Islam, yang dipandang sebagai ancaman. Untuk membangunjurnalisme barat yang objektif" maka media barat perllu membangun sikap terbuka dan mengakui kenyataan bahwa masyarakat itu, bahkan di negaranya sendiri, plural.

  4. MOSQUE ARCHITECTURE AS A SUSTAINABLE BUILDING IN URBAN (Case Study: Al Markas Al Islamic Mosque Makassar

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Imriyanti Imriyanti

    2014-02-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Mosque Architecture is a part of Islamic architecture. Mosque should be fused with elements of nature because its function as a place to pray to God who created the universe. Al Markas Al Islamic Makassar mosque is used as a center of Islamic aspirations of the people and the government to accommodate all the activities of moslems in Makassar. Through this function, the provision of Al Markas Al Islamic mosque began from the desire of Islamic societies in Makassar, which wants the Islamic center to be equipped with facilities and infrastructure as well as architectural, monumental buildings and structures that can be last for hundreds of years (continuous, blend with the environment, and also can be used by the public. Having regard to the function of a mosque especially at the Al Markas Al Islamic Makassar mosque, then the problem that arise is how the Al Markas Al Islamic mosque can be survived/sustainable  in order  to function  as a place  of worship  and  as a center  of Islam.  This research  is a descriptive qualitative research that is trying to generate data in the form of systematic and accurate picture of the object of study. The sustaiprophetlity  of Al Markas AL Islamic mosque can be known through the concept of Islam  in accordance with the view of Islam as well as the sustaiprophetlity of the buildings that seen in the spatial pattern of the mosque, appearance, natural lighting, natural ventilation, and user behavior of the mosque. Keywords: mosque architecture, sustaiprophetlity, view of Islam     Abstrak Arsitektur masjid merupakan bagian dari arsitektur Islam. Bangunan masjid sebaiknya dapat menyatu dengan unsur alam karena masjid difungsikan sebagai wadah dalam bersujud/sembahyang  kepada Allah SWT yang menciptakan alam semesta ini. Masjid Al Markas Al Islamic Makassar merupakan kompleks kegiatan Islam yang digunakan sebagai pusat aspirasi masyarakat  dan pemerintahan  yang dapat menampung

  5. Epistemologi Pendidikan Islam: Melacak Metodologi Pengetahuan Perguruan Tinggi Islam Klasik

    OpenAIRE

    Hery, Musnur

    2008-01-01

    Islamic higher college not only limited to higher education that famous at Islamic history like madrasah (e.g. Nizamiyah), and al-Jami'ah (e.g. al-Azhar). Yet, Islamic higher college is the implementation of learning process that can be categorized in higher education stage, that being practiced in Moslem society, even still in non-formal or informal form before madrasah existence. Several epistemologies branch indeed take place at formal institution, while some epistemologies branch theoreti...

  6. Epistemologi Pendidikan Islam: Melacak Metodologi Pengetahuan Perguruan Tinggi Islam Klasik

    OpenAIRE

    Hery, Musnur

    2015-01-01

    Islamic higher college not only limited to higher education that famous at Islamic history like madrasah (e.g. Nizamiyah), and al-Jami’ah (e.g. al-Azhar). Yet, Islamic higher college is the implementation of learning process that can be categorized in higher education stage, that being practiced in Moslem society, even still in non-formal or informal form before madrasah existence. Several epistemologies branch indeed take place at formal institution, while some epistemologies branch theoreti...

  7. POLA PEMBIAYAAN PENDIDIKAN ISLAM PADA MASA KLASIK

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Rahmawati Rahim

    2012-06-01

    Full Text Available Abstrak: Fund is like blood flowing to all parts of the human body, if there is human blood deficiency therefore sooner or later death will be the result . Similarly toward education funding, regardless of the cost of all planned programs will likely not be operationalized. Problem of the high cost of higher education is perceived by the public on the one hand, and the desire to provide a better education on the other hand has always been a problem that still can not be resolved satisfactory . When we look at the history of the heyday of Islam, funding institutions apparently has got the most attention from the education providers and other parties that are not directly involved in it. While the pattern of management education in the classics are implemented in two ways: 1. Centralized systems, centralized point here is that education funding is planned and managed by bureaucrats (power authority, not by the institution concerned. All educational needs will be met by the government through the state treasury or the Bayt al-Maal. 2. Decentralized system is more flexible and participatory than centralized systems, which consist of the traditional pattern (the traditional pattern of the proceeds are typically used without a clear plan, and non-traditional pattern, this pattern is the antithesis of the traditional pattern, incoming funds managed by organizers of the institution, through a targeted plan according to the situation and condition of the institution concerned. Keynote: patterns of financing, Islamic Education, classical era

  8. PENGARUH DOKTRIN TERTUTUPNYA PINTU IJTIHAD TERHADAP POLA PENGAJARAN HUKUM ISLAM DI PONDOK PESANTREN TRADISIONAL

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mazroatus Saadah

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available The announcement of the closedness of ijtihad (getting Islamic Laws seemingly gives significant influence on the teaching pattern in traditional islamic dormitories in Indonesia. It can be seen from the teaching pattern of Kitab Kuning particularly the Book of Fiqh (Islamic Law which is essentially the scientific thought or elaboration of islamic scientist or ulama onto syaria cases (the Holy Quran and Al-Hadith. With the existence of the doctrine of ijtihad closedness, the teaching model applied in traditional islamic dormitories only transfers meanings (getting the meaning of arabic books and explains the contents without any dialogue or discussion. In addition, it also legitimates the ulama’s dominance or authority, such as what he said must be obeyed and the students or santri have no rights to reconfirm and criticize. Therefore, this journal will reveal the influence of the ijtihad closedness toward the teaching pattern of Islamic law in traditional islamic dormitories. With the positiveness of technology and information advance and the numbers of modern teaching models, there is a promising hope for traditional islamic dormitory to upgrade its teaching pattern and to develop to be more modern without having to break and leave its typical character.

  9. KEDUDUKAN HUKUM ISLAM DALAM SISTEM HUKUM INDONESIA

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    M. Khoirul Huda

    2013-05-01

    Full Text Available State protects religion, adherent religion, even put tenets and the law profess Islamic in life be of noble birth and stateless. Islamic law is based on the teaching of Islamic and if judging by the terms of the materials it Islamic include the law of worship and law of muamalat. It Characterizes the law Islamic that is sourced from Islamic relating to the priest, and belief have two term shariah and fiqh.

  10. Survey Leading Organization Pada Organisasi Islam

    OpenAIRE

    Bantam, Dian J

    2015-01-01

    Islamic University is islamic organization that care with public's need, especially for education. One of the vision of Islamic Universities is leading and islamic, to bravely innovate and develop education based on islam. The aim of this study examined one models of Four God-Guided Organizations, there are leading organization. Sample included Islamic universities in Yogyakarta with 112 employees. MANOVA and descriptive test is used to analyze the data. Results showed approximately 48% of Is...

  11. Islamic factor in contemporary Russia

    OpenAIRE

    N. M. Shalenna

    2014-01-01

    Russian Federation, a Eurasian multinational state, has a significant number of indigenous Muslim population (about 10%) that continues to increase not only due to natural growth and conversion of non-Muslims to Islam, but also as a result of intensive immigration from the Central Asian countries and Azerbaijan. Islamic factor significantly predetermined policy of Russia during its historical development. The importance of Islam in contemporary political life has been underlined by many gover...

  12. METHODS OF TEACHING ISLAMIC FIQH

    OpenAIRE

    Muhammad Jarir

    2013-01-01

    This paper examined the most important methods used in the teaching of Islamic fiqh at the university level. The paper identified two types of methods and highlighted their advantages and disadvantages. The study particularly highlighted the Islamic perception of the methods and the optimal characteristics of a fiqh instructor. The paper concluded with a number of suggestion and recommendation that’s my correct the course of university teaching of Islamic fiqh. The paper mainly calls for the ...

  13. Islamic Architecture and Arch

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mohammed Mahbubur Rahman

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available The arch, an essential architectural element since the early civilizations, permitted the construction of lighter walls and vaults, often covering a large span. Visually it was an important decorative feature that was trans-mitted from architectural decoration to other forms of art worldwide. In early Islamic period, Muslims were receiving from many civilizations, which they improved and re-introduced to bring about the Renaissance. Arches appeared in Mesopotamia, Indus, Egyptian, Babylonian, Greek and Assyrian civilizations; but the Romans applied the technique to a wide range of structures. The Muslims mastered the use and design of the arch, employed for structural and functional purposes, progressively meeting decorative and symbolic pur-poses. Islamic architecture is characterized by arches employed in all types of buildings; most common uses being in arcades. This paper discusses the process of assimilation and charts how they contributed to other civilizations.

  14. The Theory and Practice of Islamism

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Анна Александровна Петрухина

    2011-06-01

    Full Text Available The article is devoted to the analysis of a general characteristic of political Islam which has got now the big popularity as Islamism. In Islamism the concept jihad as the political slogan and the military-political practice is widely used by the Islamic extremist organizations in Islamic regions. In the article is considered the theoretical heritage of Islamic extremism in the history of political thought. Three waves of Islamism are analyzed: their reasons of occurrence, motive forces and methods of achievement of the purposes. The phenomenon of Islamism is considered as the practical activities which are carried out at local, national, regional, global levels.

  15. DAKWAH ISLAM DAN RADIKALISME AGAMA

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    M. Isfironi M. Bisri Djalil

    2016-07-01

    Full Text Available ABSTRACT A thing closely related to bustle the life of the religious contemporary is radicalism phenomenon. The question is: Does Islam teach radicalism? The answer of this question always problematic. It is caused by every religion (either Islam or the other viewed as an acceptance that granted as a divinity instrument that teaches everything in goodness. Islam is a religion that provide of security, comfort, calmness as more strengthening for all its adherents. In Indonesia, radical Islamic groups often associated with groups like company of Salafy (Bandung, Islamic Youth Front (FPIS, Islamic Defender Front (FPI, Jihad’s Troop of Ahlus Sunnah Wal Jama’ah, The Tribunal of Indonesian Mujahidin, Hizbut Tahrir of Indonesia. The movement of Islam in Indonesia cannot be viewed as a monolithic movement or uniform in the same of political interest. That moment, political global movement has variation in the perspective, motive, strategy and action. One thing that same as the source of radicalism is the definition of the concept of jihad. Eventually, the construction of jihad affects the Islamic propaganda (dakwah ideology and movement. Ideally the realization of the concept of Jihad is not led to radicalism. If indeed reflect to the era of the Prophet Muhammad (pbuh, then it must be conceived with the conditions encountered at that time.   Key Words: Islamic Propaganda, Jihad, Radicalism

  16. [Islam and caring].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Nadir, Sihem

    2015-10-01

    There are more and more followers of the Muslim religion in France. All caregivers need to understand the fundamental principles that their Muslim patients hold sacred in the area of health and care. For Muslims, it is of utmost importance to observe the fundamentals of Islam and the values of brotherhood, tolerance, fairness and truth are essential. Copyright © 2015 Elsevier Masson SAS. All rights reserved.

  17. SOCIAL EVOLUTION IN ISLAM

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ali Muhammad Bhat

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available Sociology is a systematic study of human relations at social Level. It is a vast concept used to determine the relation of human beings at individual and community level. It includes social interaction accommodation and progress at reasonable levels. Sociologists examine the ways in which social structures and institutions such as class, family, community, power and social problems influence society are dealt with. The evolutionary trend at every step of life helps to accept all changes necessary for human development and prosperity on ethical grounds. The study of society was long known with broad evolutionary reconstructions of historical change in societies. It is a synthesizing field that attempted to integrate the findings acquired from other social sciences. Islam has unique social system and believes in progressive change and help to develop society from nomadic life to international affairs. This change has been possible through many ways for which different terms like Tashakur, Tashkeer, Tafakur etc. were used in Islamic history which are derived from the Quran. An attempt has been made to high light these terms and their impact upon Islamic social evolutionary thought and is explained according to the true nature of evolutionary change and social development.

  18. Islam og Revolution

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Brønd, Thomas Vladimir

    2013-01-01

    This article deals with the ways in which Islam is put to use by the Syrian regime and its opposition in the Syrian Uprising. By applying anthropological theory about politics of immediation and political theory about ideologies to a specific case – namely bombings in Kafer Suseh in Damascus in D...... as the one in the case are mediated. On a fundamental level, the case and its analysis indicates how politics of immediation and ideology intertwine in battles over Islam and its future role in Syria.......This article deals with the ways in which Islam is put to use by the Syrian regime and its opposition in the Syrian Uprising. By applying anthropological theory about politics of immediation and political theory about ideologies to a specific case – namely bombings in Kafer Suseh in Damascus...... in December 2011 – the article illustrates how horrific images in the conflict are mediated as part of distinctive political projects. The article traces the work of anti-regime activists on the Internet and on TV as well as that of pro-regime representatives in order to understand the peculiar scapegoating...

  19. Neutron stars

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Irvine, J.M.

    1978-01-01

    The subject is covered in chapters entitled: introduction (resume of stellar evolution, gross characteristics of neutron stars); pulsars (pulsar characteristics, pulsars as neutron stars); neutron star temperatures (neutron star cooling, superfluidity and superconductivity in neutron stars); the exterior of neutron stars (the magnetosphere, the neutron star 'atmosphere', pulses); neutron star structure; neutron star equations of state. (U.K.)

  20. Introduction to "Islam in China/China in Islam"

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Matthew S. Erie

    2014-09-01

    Full Text Available Rather than China versus Islam, the overarching theme of this special issue is “Islam in China/China in Islam.” In thinking through “Islam in China,” we argue that the relationship between China and Islam is not one of opposition, but rather one of cultural, linguistic, and economic imbrication. Indeed, it is difficult to describe Islam and China as two separate or essentialized entities. For some Muslim minorities in certain regions of China, there is no distinction between neo-Confucianism and Islam or between the nation-state and the global umma (community of Muslims. Through intellectual labor, modes of prayer and worship, art, calligraphy, architecture, cuisine, linguistic creoles, and legal pluralism, these Muslims embody multiple cultural referents. For other Muslim minorities in other regions in China, political and economic circumstances present challenges to living in accordance with Islam while also being a citizen of the PRC. In other words, the Muslim experience in China encompasses a complex mosaic of accommodation, adjustment, preservation, and, at times, resistance. Thus, generalizations about this incredibly diverse population are unhelpful, and careful attention must be paid to history, politics, and place...

  1. TEORI KONFLIK DALAM PERSFEKTIF HUKUM ISLAM: INTERKONEKSI ISLAM DAN SOSIAL

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Hayat

    2013-12-01

    Full Text Available Religion as an ideology in society is believed to allow it to become a paradigm as a solution to conflicts. Islam is a rahmat li al-ālamīn religion in the life of mankind with conflicts settlement construction in the community as connectivity with customary law (ethics, moral values, character, and culture and state laws that in fact emerged from the discourse of Islamic law. Religion becomes a balancing of social conflicts that arise from a variety of indicators, because Islam is a legal consensus that includes a variety of conditions and situations of society. Therefore, Islam as a principle regulator of human order become a theory of conflict resolution in the minds of some scientists that suggests an existence of Islam in it

  2. Lithium abundance patterns of late-F stars: an in-depth analysis of the lithium desert

    Science.gov (United States)

    Aguilera-Gómez, Claudia; Ramírez, Iván; Chanamé, Julio

    2018-06-01

    Aims: We address the existence and origin of the lithium (Li) desert, a region in the Li-Teff plane sparsely populated by stars. Here we analyze some of the explanations that have been suggested for this region, including mixing in the late main sequence, a Li dip origin for stars with low Li abundances in the region, and a possible relation with the presence of planets. Methods: To study the Li desert, we measured the atmospheric parameters and Li abundance of 227 late-F dwarfs and subgiants, chosen to be in the Teff range of the desert and without previous Li abundance measurements. Subsequently, we complemented those with literature data to obtain a homogeneous catalog of 2318 stars, for which we compute masses and ages. We characterize stars surrounding the region of the Li desert. Results: We conclude that stars with low Li abundances below the desert are more massive and more evolved than stars above the desert. Given the unexpected presence of low Li abundance stars in this effective temperature range, we concentrate on finding their origin. We conclude that these stars with low Li abundance do not evolve from stars above the desert: at a given mass, stars with low Li (i.e., below the desert) are more metal-poor. Conclusions: Instead, we suggest that stars below the Li desert are consistent with having evolved from the Li dip, discarding the need to invoke additional mixing to explain this feature. Thus, stars below the Li desert are not peculiar and are only distinguished from other subgiants evolved from the Li dip in that their combination of atmospheric parameters locates them in a range of effective temperatures where otherwise only high Li abundance stars would be found (i.e., stars above the desert). Full Tables 1 and 3 are only available at the CDS via anonymous ftp to http://cdsarc.u-strasbg.fr (http://130.79.128.5) or via http://cdsarc.u-strasbg.fr/viz-bin/qcat?J/A+A/614/A55This paper includes observations collected at The McDonald Observatory and

  3. Dakwah Islam Dan Radikalisme Agama

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    M. Bisri Djalil

    2016-03-01

    Full Text Available A thing closely related to bustle the life of the religious contemporary is radicalism phenomenon. The question is: Does Islam teach radicalism? The answer of this question always problematic. It is caused by every religion (either Islam or the other viewed as an acceptance that granted as a divinity instrument that teaches everything in goodness. Islam is a religion that provide of security, comfort, calmness as more strengthening for all its adherents. In Indonesia, radical Islamic groups often associated with groups like company of Salafy (Bandung, Islamic Youth Front (FPIS, Islamic Defender Front (FPI, Jihad’s Troop of Ahlus Sunnah Wal Jama’ah, The Tribunal of Indonesian Mujahidin, Hizbut Tahrir of Indonesia. The movement of Islam in Indonesia cannot be viewed as a monolithic movement or uniform in the same of political interest. That moment, political global movement has variation in the perspective, motive, strategy and action. One thing that same as the source of radicalism is the definition of the concept of jihad. Eventually, the construction of jihad affects the Islamic propaganda (dakwah ideology and movement. Ideally the realization of the concept of Jihad is not led to radicalism. If indeed reflect to the era of the Prophet Muhammad (pbuh, then it must be conceived with the conditions encountered at that time.

  4. Islamic Principles and Physical Education.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lindsay, Karen; And Others

    1987-01-01

    Based on interviews with five Islamic respondents, this paper investigates stricter Islamic parents' difficulties with certain assumptions and practices of Australian education, particularly health and physical education. Concerns about modesty and separation of sexes conflict with central aims based on equal educational opportunities and equality…

  5. Paradigma Keilmuan Manajemen Pendidikan Islam

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Irawan

    2016-11-01

    Full Text Available When the word “Islam” is attached to the subject “Education Management” and become “Islamic Education Management” it would rise a question whether or not it is a science? If It is a science, what is the assurance that truly represent it as a science? This paper tries to proof that Islamic education management could be considered as a science and it bears its own scientific paradigm. The analysis employs the critical realism school of Stephen Ackroyd in the philosophy of management as well as numbers of episthemeological issues of organizational practices by Frits Schipper that are brought to the context of Islamic education. The analysis shows that the formal object of Islamic education management is management science, whereas, its material object is management practices of educational activities in Islamic education institutions such as madrasah, pesantren (boarding school dan Islamic schools. The researches in Islamic education management focus on facts, context, event and cases happened in that institutions, by not merely attaching Qur’anic verses in the existing theory of education management, so that it looks Islamic, since the Qur’an is also contextual with its asbabun nuzul (the causes of revelation concept

  6. Employer Branding: An Islamic Perspective

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Norasyikin binti Shaikh Ibrahim

    2017-05-01

    Full Text Available This paper discusses employer branding from an Islamic perspective. Islam is away of life and so do the employer and employee relationship, which strengthensemployer branding in an organization. The definition, importance and processrelated to employer branding are discussed in the context of human resource management, such as job satisfaction and work environment. In addition to that, related human resource management practices such as recruitment andselection were discussed in an Islamic context. Related concepts such as employeevalue proposition (EVP, ethics and Islamic values were discussed with referencefrom Al-Quran and Hadith. The paper concludes with a few suggestions andrecommendations on instilling Islamic values for effective employer branding.

  7. The Uniqueness of Islamic Culture

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sinan YILMAZ

    2014-12-01

    Full Text Available Abstract This paper examines the main reasons behind why Islamic culture is different than other cultures. In the introduction part of the paper, the usage area of the words culture and civilization were tackled. In the first part of the paper, an evaluation of the uniqueness of Islamic culture was made and examples about this were given. In the second part of the paper, evaluations about how Islamic culture has struggled with modernization and secularization and how it has shaped itself as a result of this were made. In the third part of the paper, the situation in which Islamic civilization has regressed against the Western civilization causing emerging arguments and the current situation in Islamic civilization have been addressed by making evaluations on culture and civilization. In the final part, evaluations on thesis this paper has used were made.

  8. METODOLOGI DALAM KAJIAN PSIKOLOGI ISLAM

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Siti Faridah

    2016-04-01

    Full Text Available Initially Islamic Psychology studies and development made many Muslim scholars were spellbound by western psychology theories. They used them as a tool to analyze all sorts of phenomenon Muslim society and give the solution. It is important to remember that the Islamic Psychology concept should be built by the Muslim psychologists their selves. However, the western psychology concept is not necessarily suitable with the needs and purposes in Islam area. Because of that, the writer is interested to discuss the Islamic Psychology Methodology. Hopefully, Islamic Psychology can be an alternative way to solve Muslim society psychological problem especially and all of human being in generally. There were three approaches used by classic Muslim scholars to discuss psychic problem. They are skriptualis approach, falsafi/philosophy approach, and tasawwufi/Sufism approach. They are two studies in Islamic Psychology research; they are the theory and the method. Islam puts wahyu (divine revelation as a religion paradigm which admits the existence of Allah in belief or in the implementation in the construction of science. Acsiologically, Islamic Psychology is built up to get the prosperity for human being. In epistemology, there is a relationship (nisbah between mind and intuition. In ontology, it is for understanding human being as sunnatullah. Thus, al-Qur’an is the main source. Both of positivism and rationalism ideologies have different perspectives in finding the truth. Positivism believes that there is only one sensory truth. It could be observed and approved by anyone. In other side, Rationalism admits three truths. They are imperi-sensual truth, imperi-logic truth, and imperi-ethic. Both of the ideologies do not admit metaphysical and transcendental matters. As the result, the Islamic Psychology research will come true. Finally, to build up an Islamic Psychology as a branch of science, we still have so many things to do.

  9. Islam dan Kosmopolitanisme Budaya

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Hamadi B. Husain

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available The Muslim ummah have been dragged into the global culture and have to accept the consequences that emerge thereof. To a certain degree, Muslims were deluded by this global culture and were—as a result—shackled into the seemingly irresolvable problems such as the problem of academic objectivity, the ulama-intellectual dichotomy, identity, terrorism, the so-called minor-major paradigm, and the problem of structural poverty. These problems are interdependent and require an all—embracing solution to resolve them. This paper argues that to speak of a solution on the one hand, and to set up the futuristic strategies to deal with those problems on the other, Muslims should first of all build a solid identity. Four steps are required to build this solid identity. (1 Adhering to the Qur’anic morality as the very foundation for Muslim’s way of life. (2 Appropriating to the maximum the human and natural resources available to the Muslims, which would certainly require them to produce the competent scientists, engineers and so on. (3 Applying the rules of syari’ah to all aspects of Muslim’s life by first of all gaining a proper understanding about the true teaching of Islam and the real spirit that underlies it. (4 Establishing and maintaining international relationships with foreign countries as well as with other cultures and civilizations. The implication of Islam being a religion of compassion is that it should be built upon understanding and tolerance. Islam advocates the principle of mutual interest and is willing to achieve a better future for all human being.

  10. Islam and oil

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Glaeser, F

    1982-08-01

    After some remarks on the reasons for the particular economic behaviour of Islam, especially on the incalculability of a resource-policy influenced by a strong religion, the possibilities of efficient petroleum substitution by natural gas are discussed. Eighty percent of the natural gas in the F.R. of Germany comes from Western countries. The author demonstrates what additional supply safety is given by explaining the most recent natural gas contract with the USSR. In spite of a general downward movement the positive sales trend for natural gas on the sector of households is still continued on the inland market.

  11. KONTRIBUSI ISLAM TERHADAP AKUNTANSI

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ivo Sabrina

    2016-02-01

    Full Text Available This study will focus on the comparison between the accounting and another definition to find the harmony and unity of meaning in it. This study uses the approach of the historical development and significance of accounting in Islam. in the perspective of the Quran and Hadith, the meaning of accounting is general and covers the whole of human activity in the lives interact and transact among others, both religious and related fields mu‘âmalah areas and  socioeconomic transac-tions in general.DOI: 10.15408/aiq.v4i2.2550

  12. Kontribusi Islam Terhadap Akuntansi

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ivo Sabrina

    2015-10-01

    Full Text Available This study will focus on the comparison between the accounting and another definition to find the harmony and unity of meaning in it. This study uses the approach of the historical development and significance of accounting in Islam. The meaning of accounting from Qur'an and Hadith perspective is general and covers the whole of human activity in the lives interact and transaction each other, either in religous and related fields or in muamalah areas and socio-economics transactions in general.DOI: 10.15408/aiq.v4i2.2102

  13. Star identification methods, techniques and algorithms

    CERN Document Server

    Zhang, Guangjun

    2017-01-01

    This book summarizes the research advances in star identification that the author’s team has made over the past 10 years, systematically introducing the principles of star identification, general methods, key techniques and practicable algorithms. It also offers examples of hardware implementation and performance evaluation for the star identification algorithms. Star identification is the key step for celestial navigation and greatly improves the performance of star sensors, and as such the book include the fundamentals of star sensors and celestial navigation, the processing of the star catalog and star images, star identification using modified triangle algorithms, star identification using star patterns and using neural networks, rapid star tracking using star matching between adjacent frames, as well as implementation hardware and using performance tests for star identification. It is not only valuable as a reference book for star sensor designers and researchers working in pattern recognition and othe...

  14. Tujuh Karakter Fundamentalisme Islam

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Tholkhatul Khoir

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available Abstract: This article examines fundamentalism and compares it with the concept of extremism, radicalism, and scripturalism. This article discovered that it is possible to carry out study on the phenomenon of fundamentalism in post-positivism paradigm as employed by modern social sciences. As we know that basically all fundamentalism has the same character. However, Islamic fundamentalism are significantly different from the other fundamentalist movements in many substantive things, such as the ability to penetrate the boundaries between countries, the abundance of the activists, the character of the Islam as a "protest movement", the total obedience to the rules of everyday life of the Islam, the failure of separation between state and religion, the high spirit of collectivity, the potential of Islam to legitimize states, the existence of the doctrine of jihad and its immediate reward of the Hereafter. Under the shadows of all the above, Islamic countries tend to be sensitive to the waves of fundamentalism that nevertheless in fact move ups and downs in accordance with social, political, and economic realities.الملخص: تبحث هذه الدراسة عن الأصولية وتقارن بينها وبين مفهوم التطرف والراديكالية، والحرفي وتستخلص بأنه من الممكن لإجراء دراسة حول ظاهرة الأصولية في نموذج ما بعد الوضعية كما تستخدمها العلوم الاجتماعية الحديثة. ونحن نعلم أن كل الأصولية في الأساس لها نفس الطابع. ومع ذلك، الأصولية الإسلامية تختلف اختلافا كبيرا من الحركات الأصولية الأخرى في كثير من الأمور الجوهرية، مثل القدرة على اختراق الحدود بين البلدان، والوفرة من الناشطين، وطابع الإسلام بأنها "حركة احتجاجية"،

  15. Sharing of risks in Islamic finance

    OpenAIRE

    Sekreter, Ahmet

    2011-01-01

    For most of the people the prohibition on interest is the well known part of Islamic finance. Indeed, the concept of Islamic finance was not being discussed enough till financial crisis, after crisis it started to be seen as an alternative financial system for conventional finance. Sharing the risks is the main concept of Islamic finance and one of the main differences between conventional and Islamic finance. Depositors/savers do not bear any risk in conventional finance however Islamic fina...

  16. Suggestion of Islamic Insurance Company Model

    OpenAIRE

    Abdullah Ibrahim Nazal

    2015-01-01

    This study is one of very few studies which have investigated Islamic Insurance Companies as solution. It explained its operations also comparing with Traditional Insurance Companies and theoretical Islamic insurance models. As result to this study Islamic Insurance companies are profit organization. It helps Islamic banks but it costs customer to face expect risk. Islamic Insurance companies have many ways to get profits and consider all customers installments grants. Its operation gap comes...

  17. Pendidikan Islam dalam Sistem Pendidikan Nasional

    OpenAIRE

    Fathul Jannah

    2013-01-01

    Islamic educationis an integral part of the National Education System. As part of the national educational system, Islamic education gets legitimacy to exist and get a place to live and thrive in Indonesia to meet need of education for Muslims. Accommodation to the Islamic education system and make the system of Islamic education institutions have a strong foundation to be developed with the support of funds and attention from the state. Therefore, the state is obliged to develop Islamic educ...

  18. 76 FR 29812 - In the Matter of the Designation of Army of Islam, aka Jaish al-Islam, aka Jaysh al-Islam, as a...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-05-23

    ... DEPARTMENT OF STATE [Public Notice 7464] In the Matter of the Designation of Army of Islam, aka Jaish al- Islam, aka Jaysh al-Islam, as a Foreign Terrorist Organization Pursuant to Section 219 of the... respect to Army of Islam, also known as Jaish al-Islam, also known as Jaysh al-Islam. Therefore, I hereby...

  19. 76 FR 29812 - In the Matter of the Designation of Army of Islam, aka Jaish al-Islam, aka Jaysh al-Islam; as a...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-05-23

    ... DEPARTMENT OF STATE [Public Notice 7463] In the Matter of the Designation of Army of Islam, aka Jaish al- Islam, aka Jaysh al-Islam; as a Specially Designated Global Terrorist Pursuant to Section 1(b... of Islam, also known as Jaish al-Islam, also known as Jaysh al-Islam, has committed, or poses a...

  20. DERADIKALISASI PEMAHAMAN AJARAN ISLAM

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Karwadi Karwadi

    2014-05-01

    Full Text Available We have nowadays witnessed a growing trend of the rising of radical religious thoughts amongst Muslims. They are fanatical people who claim to have correctly understood Islam more than others. Even they blame others who do not follow their way as unbelievers. How do such radical views rise? And how can such views be de-radicalized?  Radical views initially come out and gradually develop because of exclusive religious outlooks. Since outward attitudes reflect one’s deep mind and worldview, one best way to soften radicalism should begin from de-radicalization of one’s ideology and way of thinking. There should be transformation of Islamic religious thoughts from particularistic to rational-imperative, from exclusive to inclusive, from formalistic to perennial, from mono-cultural to multicultural. De-radicalization needs participation from the government, people and academia. Furthermore, de-radicalization must be a context-based effort, paying great attention to socio-historical contexts where this effort is formulated to avoid rising another form of radicalism.Keywords: de-radicalization, exclusive, perennial, multiculturalism

  1. ISLAMIC BUSINESS ETHICS BETWEEN REALITY

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Hasyim Nawawi

    2013-09-01

    Full Text Available Abstrak: Sesungguhnya sejarah etika bisnis Islam tidak dapat dipisahkan dari sejarah induknya yakni ekonomi Islam, sedangkan ekonomi Islam berusia setua Islam itu sendiri. Sebagaimana kita ketahui, misi mulia Rasulullah SAW. di muka bumi adalah membangun masyarakat yang beradab. Adapun prinsip-prinsip dasar etika bisnis Islam yang ditanamkan oleh Rasulullah adalah sebagai berikut: (1 berlandaskan ketauhidan (keesaan, (2 keadilan (keseimbangan, (3 kebebasan berikhtiyar, (4 amanah (bertanggung jawab, (5 menegakkan kebenaran, kebajikan dan kejujuran. Dalam konteks keindonesiaan, penegakan hukum dalam bisnis sebenarnya sebagian besar sudah dilaksanakan, meskipun pelaksanaannya berbeda dengan bisnis yang dijalankan pada masa awal peradaban Islam. Pada awal peradaban Islam sudah terdapat lembaga pengawasan (al-hisbah yang fungsinya adalah meninjau keberadaan bisnis di pasar, baik dari segi halal dan haramnya produk yang dijual, ukuran timbangan, kejujuran seorang penjual, dan hal-hal lain yang merugikan. Ukuran penegakan  hukum di Indonesia didasarkan atas klausul yang menyangkut hal-hal yang merugikan orang lain, bukan terkait halal dan haramnya produk. Dalam implementasinya diharapkan pelaku bisnis mampu melaksanakan dengan menekankan pada cara yang dikenalkan Islam dalam etika berbisnis yang Islami. Bisnis dalam bidang-bidang yang halal, bermanfaat positif, tidak dengan penipuan, harus disampaikan dengan apa adanya (jujur, serta tidak merusak lingkungan dan  ekosistem yang lainnya. Abstract: Actually, the history of the Islamic business ethics cannot be separated from its parent’s history which is the Islamic economics, whereas the Islamic economics is as old as the religion of Islam itself. As we know, the noble mission of the Prophet Muhammad (peace be upon him in this world is to build a civilized society. The basic principles of Islamic business ethics instilled by Muhammad is follows: (1 based on tawhid (oneness of Allah, (2 justice

  2. Internalisasi Multikulturalisme dalam Pendidikan Islam

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Siti Julaiha

    2014-06-01

    Full Text Available Human and humanity are positive and optimistic. In Islam, all human come from one source; Nabi Adam and Hawa. Although, human is from the same ancestor, but then they are flourishing into different races, tribes, or nations, with all different cultures and way of life. Those differences provoke them know others and appreciate others. This is, then, called “universal humanity” perspective by Islam that will determine and push the solidarity among others. Multiculturalisme-paradigmed education or multicultural education in Islamic education has been applying for many years. It just need to reform and reinforce, so the Islamic education practitioners realize it and implement it in the all level of Islamic education. Multicultural education has inherently established since the birth of Indonesia, as wellknown of Bhineka Tunggal Ika, gotong royong, helpful, and appreciate others. That is a huge foundation to improve the quality of Islamic multicultural education bigger and bigger. This paper proposes some ideas in internalizasing the Islamic multicultural education.

  3. Chinese Islam: A Complete Concert

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Zvi Ben-Dor Benite

    2017-06-01

    Full Text Available Matthew S. Erie, China and Islam: The Prophet, the Party, and Law. Cambridge University Press, 2016. 472 pp. $140 (cloth/e-book. Jonathan Lipman, ed., Islamic Thought in China: Sino-Muslim Intellectual Evolution from the 17th to the 20th Century. Edinburgh University Press, 2016. 288 pp. £70 (cloth; e-book. Roberta Tontini, Muslim Sanzijing: Shifts and Continuities in the Definition of Islam in China. Brill, 2016. 238 pp. $125 (cloth. Why study a Chinese “minority” and its history? The task of scholars of Chinese Islam since the 1990s has been twofold: on the one hand, we have wanted to study Islam in China in its Chinese social and cultural context, as opposed to imagining it as a single separate entity, and to show that its history is relevant and meaningful for Chinese history in general. One could almost say that this goal was achieved a while ago. The next task has been to make the study of Chinese Islam and its history meaningful and useful for the greater community of scholars of Islam in general. It seems to me that with the books reviewed here, and with others in the making, we are getting close to reaching this target. In 1910, Marshall Broomhall’s Islam in China declared that Chinese Islam was a “neglected problem.” These books show that it is no longer neglected, and no longer a “problem”; rather, it is an exciting topic. Indeed, a complete, even if not harmonious, concert.

  4. Negotiating Islam with cinema A theoretical discussion on Indonesian Islamic films

    OpenAIRE

    Ahmad Nuril Huda

    2012-01-01

    This paper aims at exploring certain negotiations that justify Muslim’s cinematic texts and practices. It focuses on the questions about what is Islamic and un-Islamic about film, who and what decides certain films as Islamic, and what are the meanings of cinematic practices of Islam for Muslim society. Furthermore, this paper tries to investigate these questions from a theoretical basis using concepts of Islamic modernity, Islamic Ummah and Public, in order to shed some light on the idea of ...

  5. Integrasi Pemikiran Islam Dan Peradaban Melayu: Studi Eksploratif Historis Terhadap Perkembangan Peradaban Melayu Islam Di Nusantara

    OpenAIRE

    Mugiyono, Mugiyono

    2016-01-01

    Integration of Islamic thought and civilization Malays make acculturation and assimilation between them to give birth to new style of Islamic Malay civilization which has its own distinct characteristics with Islamic civilization elsewhere. Dynamics of Islamic thought in the Malay lands have created the character of Malay Islamic civilization. Islam became the unifying factor of various ethnic Malays. 'supra-identity' across geographical boundaries, ethnic sentiments, customs and traditions o...

  6. ISLAM: Local and Global Challenges

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Editor Al-Jami'ah: Journal of Islamic Studies

    2011-02-01

    Full Text Available Indeed, in maintaining their local values when faced with globalchallenges, Muslims, as a social entity, and Islam, as a set of dogma, havegiven birth to new phenomena, e.g. new interpretation of Islam withina new context. Additionally, this era of globalization has led religions,including Islam, to renew their gambit to cope reality, e.g. in the practicallife (sociological, political, economical and anthropological aspects,intellectual endeavors (philosophical and theological aspects, and in therenewal of dogmatic teachings (hermeneutical aspects.

  7. Leadership in Islamic Education Institution

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Supriadi Supriadi

    2014-11-01

    Full Text Available Education institution may not be separated by social system. It can be formal and informal education. A formal education institution such as school, Islamic school or Islamic boarding school is in social environment and bringing a basic value and law from its institution. Meanwhile, Islamic education institution is believed as tool to reach the aim of education. The aim of education is hard to reach if there is no leadership in it. Copyright © 2014 by Al-Ta'lim All right reserved

  8. Leadership in Islamic Education Institution

    OpenAIRE

    Supriadi Supriadi

    2014-01-01

    Education institution may not be separated by social system. It can be formal and informal education. A formal education institution such as school, Islamic school or Islamic boarding school is in social environment and bringing a basic value and law from its institution. Meanwhile, Islamic education institution is believed as tool to reach the aim of education. The aim of education is hard to reach if there is no leadership in it. Copyright © 2014 by Al-Ta'lim All right reserved

  9. A CANDELS-3D-HST synergy: Resolved Star Formation Patterns at 0.7 < z < 1.5

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wuyts, Stijn; Förster Schreiber, Natascha M.; Nelson, Erica J.; van Dokkum, Pieter G.; Brammer, Gabe; Chang, Yu-Yen; Faber, Sandra M.; Ferguson, Henry C.; Franx, Marijn; Fumagalli, Mattia; Genzel, Reinhard; Grogin, Norman A.; Kocevski, Dale D.; Koekemoer, Anton M.; Lundgren, Britt; Lutz, Dieter; McGrath, Elizabeth J.; Momcheva, Ivelina; Rosario, David; Skelton, Rosalind E.; Tacconi, Linda J.; van der Wel, Arjen; Whitaker, Katherine E.

    2013-12-01

    We analyze the resolved stellar populations of 473 massive star-forming galaxies at 0.7 < z < 1.5, with multi-wavelength broadband imaging from CANDELS and Hα surface brightness profiles at the same kiloparsec resolution from 3D-HST. Together, this unique data set sheds light on how the assembled stellar mass is distributed within galaxies, and where new stars are being formed. We find the Hα morphologies to resemble more closely those observed in the ACS I band than in the WFC3 H band, especially for the larger systems. We next derive a novel prescription for Hα dust corrections, which accounts for extra extinction toward H II regions. The prescription leads to consistent star formation rate (SFR) estimates and reproduces the observed relation between the Hα/UV luminosity ratio and visual extinction, on both a pixel-by-pixel and a galaxy-integrated level. We find the surface density of star formation to correlate with the surface density of assembled stellar mass for spatially resolved regions within galaxies, akin to the so-called "main sequence of star formation" established on a galaxy-integrated level. Deviations from this relation toward lower equivalent widths are found in the inner regions of galaxies. Clumps and spiral features, on the other hand, are associated with enhanced Hα equivalent widths, bluer colors, and higher specific SFRs compared to the underlying disk. Their Hα/UV luminosity ratio is lower than that of the underlying disk, suggesting that the ACS clump selection preferentially picks up those regions of elevated star formation activity that are the least obscured by dust. Our analysis emphasizes that monochromatic studies of galaxy structure can be severely limited by mass-to-light ratio variations due to dust and spatially inhomogeneous star formation histories.

  10. PERUBAHAN PANDANGAN ONTOLOGI PADA WAYANG MASA ISLAM DAN PRA ISLAM

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Nurhadi Siswanto

    2017-03-01

    Full Text Available Puppet has developments and changes over time. Puppet continues to grow and develop in accordance with the development of the dominant civilization that accompanies it. A change in the function of puppet strikingly occurs in Islam and pre-Islamic era. Puppet that previously acted as a form of religious ritual to worship the ancestors and the ‘Dewa’ has been changes in function to serve as a media for the sake of religion propaganda and education. There was also a change on the ontological view in puppet. The changes occur due to difference concept of Deity’s thought in Islam and Hinduism. The Islam belief that does not recognize the concept ‘dewa’, it is not eliminating the existence of ‘dewa’ in various puppet stories, but instead desecrated it. ‘Dewa’ no longer considered sacred, perfect and unbeatable, but the god is considered common creatures that could also be defeated and make mistakes.

  11. PERSPEKTIF HUKUM ISLAM TENTANG DINAMIKA HUBUNGAN INDUSTRIAL DI INDONESIA

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ismed Batubara

    2013-12-01

    Full Text Available Islamic Law Perspective of the Dynamic of Industrial Relation in Indonesia. The dynamic of industrial relation in Indonesia has undergone very long history since Colonial period to the Reformation era. This essay tries to elucidate relation pattern of labor ideology which seem to be influenced by Liberalism and Communism followed by two extreme economic ideologies vis-à-vis Islamic system. The author asserts that although regulations pertaining to labor have been made available, disputes and disharmony between workers and company or employer still occur repeatedly. Substantially, the regulations encompass delicate problems which are evident form the fact that the government is incapable of handling labor problem efficiently. The author concludes that Islamic concept should become an alternative in dealing with industrial relation which emphasizing equality and just principles and thus it is free from authoritarianism and expoloistation of Capitalistic models as well as from dictatorship of Communism ideology.

  12. ISLAM IN THE NON-MUSLIM AREAS OF NORTHERN NIGERIA, c

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    QUADRI Y A

    the result of the marriage of pre-Islam painting arts and Muslim aesthetic ideals. The .... painting, that the development of the Arab (the oriental) miniature school began ..... Figure 5. a) Farshchian M.Go free oh bird, 1989; b) Morning star, 1988.

  13. Islamic design a mathematical approach

    CERN Document Server

    Wichmann, Brian

    2017-01-01

    This book deals with the genre of geometric design in the Islamic sphere. Part I presents an overview of Islamic history, its extraordinary spread from the Atlantic to the borders of China in its first century, its adoption of the cultural outlook of the older civilisations that it conquered (in the Middle East, Persia and Central Asia), including their philosophical and scientific achievements - from which it came to express its own unique and highly distinctive artistic and architectural forms. Part II represents the mathematical analysis of Islamic geometric designs.  The presentation offers unlimited precision that allows software to reconstruct the design vision of the original artist. This book will be of interest to Islamic academics, mathematicians as well as to artists & art students.

  14. REMAJA DALAM PERSPEKTIF PENDIDIKAN ISLAM

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Herman DM

    2015-07-01

    serta upaya-upaya lain untuk menghindarkan remaja berperilaku negatif. Upaya tersebut dapat berhasil dengan baik apabila didukung dan dilakukan secara bersama-sama oleh Guru, orang tua dan komponen masyarakat lainnya. Kata Kunci: Remaja, Pendidikan Islam, Moral.

  15. THE USES OF RELIGIOUSS SYMBOLS TO REPRESENT ISLAM (A Study on Religious Soap Opera "Bukan Islam KTP"

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    sholihati siti

    2016-05-01

    Full Text Available This study is entitled THE USES OF RELIGIOUS SYMBOL TO REPRESENT ISLAM (A Study on Religious Soap Opera Bukan Islam KTP. The background of the research is based on the facts of the arbitrary use of symbols to represent Islam shown on Indonesian televisions. The pattern of the use of religious symbols, either verbal or non-verbal symbols are generally explicit, but when examined using appropriate methods, they are actually contained some implicit meanings. The purpose of this study was to discover about how Islam is represented on television religious soap opera using religious symbols and to find out the dominant ideology behind the representation techniques. To analyze the soap operas consist of twenty episodes, the researcher used a semiotic approach by John Fiske on television codes. The results of this study are: (1 the use of verbal symbols to represent Islam potentially creates multiple interpretations when they are spoken by different characters. (2 Some religious terminologies are often used by antagonist player to express anger and disappointment. (3 The soap opera is dominated by verbal violence used by both protagonist and antagonist players, while antagonist player use violence both in verbal and non-verbal forms. The findings about ideology embedded in the soap opera are: (1 capitalist-materialistic ideology, (2 ideology of patriarchy, and (3 violence domination.

  16. [Medical deontology in Islam].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Weisser, U

    1997-01-01

    Our knowledge of medical practice in medieval Islam is still scanty. It is mostly derived from normative sources, textbooks and deontological texts, which rather depict an ambitious ideal to be followed than the social reality of the average physician. Moreover, deontological regulations in Arabic medical literature are to a large degree shaped by traditional conceptions. The present article, which is based on three so-called mirrors for physicians dating from the 9th to the 12th century AD, attempts to give a provisional outline of possible Greek sources beyond the well-known Hippocratic writings on medical ethics and deontology and a first assessment of topics which seem to be original with the Arabic authors.

  17. Radical Islam in East Africa

    Science.gov (United States)

    2009-01-01

    Initiative EIJ Egyptian Islamic Jihad EIJM Eritrean Islamic Jihad Movement EPLF Eritrean People’s Liberation Front FPENS Formal Private Education Network in...ceremonies, the siyaaro or pilgrimages to the tombs of saints (practiced in particular by Sufis), and the celebration of Mawliid (the Prophet... tombs become pil- grimage centers.17 An important Sufi-linked organization is Ahlu Sunna wal-Jama’a (ASWJ), which seeks to unify the Sufi community

  18. Sleep from an islamic perspective

    OpenAIRE

    Ahmed S BaHammam

    2011-01-01

    Sleep medicine is a relatively new scientific specialty. Sleep is an important topic in Islamic literature, and the Quran and Hadith discuss types of sleep, the importance of sleep, and good sleep practices. Islam considers sleep as one of the signs of the greatness of All?h (God) and encourages followers to explore this important sign. The Quran describes different types of sleep, and these correspond with sleep stages identified by modern science. The Quran discusses the beneficial effects ...

  19. Konsep Pengelolaan Air Dalam Islam

    OpenAIRE

    zahra zainun nisa

    2017-01-01

    Water is a long-life necessity that must be maintained for its sustainability. However, at present, various water resources problems have occurred in various countries. This study aims to find the concept of water resources management in Islam. This research type is library research with constant comparative method for data analysis. From the analysis, it can be understood that, Islam as a complete religion can be a source of water resource management concept to be implemented in life. For th...

  20. Perumusan Konsep Entitas Akuntansi Islam

    OpenAIRE

    Isgiyarta, Jaka

    2009-01-01

    Business entity is a fundamental concept in developing financial reporting. Defi¬nition of element financial reporting, relationships among element financial reporting, relationship between firm and the owners is developed base on business entity concept. Conventional accounting is developed in capitalistic culture environment. Owner is as centre of firm. In other way, Islamic cultural is different with capitalistic culture. In Islamic business, society is centre of business, business for the...

  1. Tamaddun sebagai Konsep Peradaban Islam

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Hamid Fahmy Zarkasyi

    2015-11-01

    Full Text Available This article aims at promoting an appropriate term to depict the substantial meaning of Islamic civilization. Even though there are various terms in Arabic that refer to the meaning of civilization, such as hadârah, tsaqâfah, ‘umrân, the term that substantially compatible with Islam is tamaddun. From a linguistic perspective the root of tamaddun can be traced back to the word dîn, meaning religion. In this case the relation between civilization in the form of scientific movement and political authority with religion is considerably clearer and even provable with historical facts. From the time of the Prophet Muhammad, Umayyad Caliphate, Abbasid Caliphate, until the Ottoman Caliphate the relationship of religion and civilization was manifested. In Islamic history, when Islam entered to a region, the knowledge there will grow rapidly so as to bring prosperity and welfare. When Islam expanded its territory, it did three important stages: First, the expansion of political power dominated by military forces; second, the spreading of religion to the society such Islamic preaching and scientific activity based on al-Qur’an was dominated. Here, the people tried to integrate the teaching of al-Qur’an with the science that comes from other civilizations, especially Greek, Indian, and Persian; third is the spreading of Arabic language to become the official language of science and communication. These three stages proved that the widespread political power in Islamic history was always based on dîn and the development of science, which in turn, becomes civilization of science as well as religion, which defines tamaddun. Therefore, Islam accepted by any nation either non-Muslim or non-Arab for it departed from rational dîn which develops into tamaddun.

  2. Metode Keteladanan dalam Pendidikan Islam

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Nurul Hidayat

    2015-11-01

    Full Text Available In achieving the target of national education, formal or non-formal, the role of a teacher is vital. Of the roles to be played by the teacher, providing good model for the students is seen as effective and efficient. In this case, the students would see not only how to develop their cognitive aspect but also affective and psychomotor aspects. To be specific with Islamic education, providing good model is effective in internalizing Islamic values to the students.

  3. Islam reformerer sig selv indefra

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Provencal, Philippe

    2013-01-01

    En redegørelse for islams møde med moderniteten i det 19. og 20. århundrede. Der gøres rede for den islamiske reformismes og fundamentalismes historiske udvikling.......En redegørelse for islams møde med moderniteten i det 19. og 20. århundrede. Der gøres rede for den islamiske reformismes og fundamentalismes historiske udvikling....

  4. ISLAMIC EDUCATION IN THE STUDY OFISLAMIC PSYCHOLOGY

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Nurussakinah Daulay

    2014-12-01

    Full Text Available Tulisan ini berupaya menjelaskan pendidikan Islam dalam kajian Psikologi Islam. Psikologi Islam adalah suatu pendekatan studidalam memahami kejiwaan  dan perilaku manusia yang berdasarkan konsep tauhid, dengan cara integrasi antara ilmu dan iman. PsikologiIslam adalah sebuah bentuk  psikologi yang berlandaskan citra manusiamenurut ajaran Islam, mempelajari keunika n dan pola perilaku manusia sebagai ungkapan pengalaman interaksi dengan diri sendiri, lingkungan sekitar, dan alam rohani dengan tujuan meningkatkan kesehatan mentaldan kualitas hidup keberagamaan, serta menggapai kebahagiaan hidup  di dunia dan di akhirat. Salah satu upaya untuk dapat membangunkem bali peradaban manusia dan penyempurnaan konsep perilaku manusia itu adalah dengan berpendidikan dan memahami konsepkonsep pendidikan dalam Islam, serta penyempurnaan jiwa yang diisi dengan iman dapatlah dibahas dalam kajian ilmu Psikologi Islam yang berlandaskan pada Al-Qur’an dan Hadist. Dalam pendidikan Islam telah diletakkan dasar-dasar Al-Qur’an yang berkenaan dengan tujuan pendidikan Islam dan materi-materi yang harus diajarkan dalam pendidikan Islam. Materi-materi yang akan disampaikan sebaiknya menggunakan metode yang menarik dan menjadi persoalan esensial dalam rangka tercapainya tujuan pendidikan Islam yang diharapkan. Berdasarkan pada begitu eratnya antara tugas psikologi Islam yang lebih menekankan pada jiwa ini sangat berpengaruh dalam ilmu pendidikan Islam. Jiwa yang bersih tentunya akan mudah dalam menerima dan mengaplikasikan konsep-konsep pendidikan Islam yang berdasarkan pada Al-Qur’an dan Sunnah Rasulullah SAW. Di atas kedua pilar ini lah dibangun konsep dasar pendidikan Islam. Titik tolaknya dimulai dari konsep manusia menurut IslamKeywords: Islamic Psychology, Islamic Education, Human, Life, Behavior

  5. PRINSIP DAN KRITERIA PERIKLANAN DARI PERSPEKTIF ISLAM

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Teuku Meldi Kesuma

    2012-06-01

    Full Text Available Advertising in marketing Islamic products must be believed and understood as an important part of marketing based on Islam which should not be separated. This paper examines the principles and criteria of the advertising in the perspective of Islam. It is caused by the increasing of the companies and institutions which are based on Islamic values such as Islamic financial institutions that promote its products the consumers. The important issues discussed in this paper is how the real of concepts, principles, and criteria of Islamic advertising? Therefore this paper is developing an advertising concept from the perspective of Islam and to know for sure whether the principles and criteria that should exist in advertising Islam. The methodology applied in this paper is through literature review by using content analysis. Hopefully, this study could develop an Islamic perspective advertisement concept in terms of principles and criteria. =========================================== Periklanan dalam memasarkan produk-produk Islam harus diyakini dan di pahami merupakan bahagian penting dalam pemasaran yang berdasarkan Islam yang tidak boleh dipisahkan. Tulisan ini mengkaji prinsip-prinsip dan kriteria periklanan dalam perspektif Islam. Hal ini disebabkan semakin ramai dan tingginya pertumbuhan perusahaan dan institusi yang berlandaskan nilai-nilai Islam seperti institusi keuangan Islam yang mempromosikan produk dan perkhidmatannya kepada orang ramai. Persoalan penting yang dibahas dalam kertas kerja ini adalah bagaimanakah bentuk konsep, prinsip dan kriteria periklanan Islam yang sebenarnya? Oleh karena itu tujuan kertas kerja ini adalah untuk membangun satu konsep periklanan dari perspektif Islam dan untuk mengenal pasti apakah prinsip-prinsip serta kriteria yang seharusnya ada dalam periklanan Islam. Metodologi kajian yang digunakan dalam kertas kerja ini adalah metode kepustakaan dengan menggunakan analisis isi. Kajian ini diharapkan dapat

  6. Simbolisme Agama dalam Politik Islam

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ibnu Rochman

    2007-04-01

    Full Text Available The study of the symbolism of religion in Islamic politic is necessary to conduct because it is vast opportunity avaliable in the reformation and democratization era for most of Indonesian representing Moslem to express thier insight and thought that various forms ranging from vulgar, the emotion and the rational one. There are among the expression using symbols, even many Moslem who are active in practical politics Islamic symbols. Considering the title of the study "the Symbolism of Religion Philosophy in Islamic Politic", the author will study the philosopher suggesting that human being is homo symbolicum and also the history of politics in Islam since the disciples of Muhammad to the present. It is expected that the method of study provide the finding that symbolism of religion in Islamic politic takes place not only at present, but also it evidences that human being is homo symbolicus. The study is literature study. The collected data is critically analyzed using interpretation and historical methods. The result of the study shows that the Moslem politicans in the history of Islamic politics used religious symbols in practice. The position of the symbolic action in religion representing the medium of human-cosmic commucation and the physical and spiritual religious communication, are also used in political practice

  7. Borderless Islam and the modern nation state

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Nasya Bahfen

    2011-06-01

    Full Text Available Given the dichotomy of “Islam and the West” and its currency post-September 11, how do we respond to the question of a modern Islam? This is the key idea that this paper explores, by discussing what Islam represents, and what modernity entails, arguing that Islamic teachings and practices are not necessarily incompatible with modernity, and that the discourse on Islam and modernity and where the two are headed can be legitimately engaged in by Muslims given that Islamic societies are diverse and subject to global influences.

  8. KORELASI ANTARA ISLAM DAN EKONOMI

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Akmal Zainal Abidin

    2015-03-01

    Full Text Available CORELATION BETWEEN ISLAM AND ECONOMY. This paper aims to identifies about the correlation between economic and Islam. Islam is the perfect religion that governs all things in life, including the economy. This is evident with the concept of  well-being which is described in the al-Quran and Sunnah. Basically the goal of every human life is to prosper, although humans make sense of  well- being with a different perspective. Most understand economics assume that welfare is the welfare of  earthly material. But to make sense of well-being with the term al-Falah, is meaning holistic wellbeing and balance between material and spiritual dimensions. al-Quran and Sunnah have taught that the human being will be achieved if  living in balance between material and spiritual. This is because human life does not just stop in the life of this world, but there is still a second life that will be faced by humanity in the hereafter, and well-being will be achieved with the truth is that people can balance the needs of the world and the hereafter, and that is what is taught in Islamic economics. Keywords: Islam, Economy, Prosperity. Tulisan ini bertujuan untuk menjelasakn tentang korelasi antara ekonomi  dan  Islam.  Islam  adalah  agama  yang  sempurna  yang mengatur segala hal dalam kehidupan ini, termasuk juga ekonomi. Hal ini terbukti dengan konsep kesejahteraan yang dipaparkan dalam al-Quran dan Sunnah. Pada dasarnya tujuan hidup setiap manusia adalah untuk mencapai kesejahteraan, meskipun manusia memaknai kesejahteraan dengan perspektif  yang berbeda-beda. Sebagian besar paham ekonomi menganggap bahwa kesejahteraan adalah kesejahteraan material duniawi. Namun Islam memaknai kesejahteraan dengan istilah  Falah  yang  berarti  kesejahteraan  holistik  dan  seimbang antara dimensi material dan spiritual. Al-Quran dan Sunnah telah mengajarkan bahwa kesejahteraan akan tercapai jika manusia menjalani hidup secara seimbang antara material dan

  9. A robust star identification algorithm with star shortlisting

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mehta, Deval Samirbhai; Chen, Shoushun; Low, Kay Soon

    2018-05-01

    A star tracker provides the most accurate attitude solution in terms of arc seconds compared to the other existing attitude sensors. When no prior attitude information is available, it operates in "Lost-In-Space (LIS)" mode. Star pattern recognition, also known as star identification algorithm, forms the most crucial part of a star tracker in the LIS mode. Recognition reliability and speed are the two most important parameters of a star pattern recognition technique. In this paper, a novel star identification algorithm with star ID shortlisting is proposed. Firstly, the star IDs are shortlisted based on worst-case patch mismatch, and later stars are identified in the image by an initial match confirmed with a running sequential angular match technique. The proposed idea is tested on 16,200 simulated star images having magnitude uncertainty, noise stars, positional deviation, and varying size of the field of view. The proposed idea is also benchmarked with the state-of-the-art star pattern recognition techniques. Finally, the real-time performance of the proposed technique is tested on the 3104 real star images captured by a star tracker SST-20S currently mounted on a satellite. The proposed technique can achieve an identification accuracy of 98% and takes only 8.2 ms for identification on real images. Simulation and real-time results depict that the proposed technique is highly robust and achieves a high speed of identification suitable for actual space applications.

  10. Strategic Management Process of Islamic Character Development of Early Children in Islamic Kindergarten

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    M Najib

    2016-12-01

    Full Text Available This research is a field research by using a qualitative research approach. The purpose in this research is to find steps in strategic management process for development character of early children in Islamic kindergarten of al-Irsyad Purwokerto, Central java, Indonesia. The results showed that the process of strategic management to develop Islamic character of early children is done through four processes. First, processing of observation environmental to develop Islamic character in Islamic kindergarten. Second, strategic formulation process for development an Islamic character of early children in Islamic kindergarten. Third, implementating strategic process for develop an Islamic character of early children in Islamic kindergarten. Fourth, strategic assesment process for develop an Islamic character of early children in Islamic kindergarten. Penelitian ini adalah penelitian lapangan menggunakan pendekatan penelitian kualitatif. Tujuan dari penelitian ini adalah untuk menemukan langkah-langkah dalam proses manajemen strategik untuk membentuk karakter anak usia dini di Taman Kanak-kanak (TK Islam al-Irsyad Purwokerto, Jawa Tengah, Indonesia. Hasil penelitian mengungkapkan bahwa proses manajemen strategik untuk membentuk karakter anak usia dini di TK Islam dilakukan melalui empat langkah. Pertama, proses pengamatan lingkungan untuk membentuk karakter Islami anak usia dini di TK Islam. Kedua, proses formulasi strategi untuk membentuk karakter anak usia dini di TK Islam. Ketiga, proses penerapan strategi untuk membentuk karakter anak usia dini di TK Islam. Keempat, proses penilaian strategik untuk membentuk karakter anak usia dini di TK Islam.

  11. Symbiotic stars

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Boyarchuk, A.A.

    1975-01-01

    There are some arguments that the symbiotic stars are binary, where one component is a red giant and the other component is a small hot star which is exciting a nebula. The symbiotic stars belong to the old disc population. Probably, symbiotic stars are just such an evolutionary stage for double stars as planetary nebulae for single stars. (Auth.)

  12. Adab Sebagai Politik Hukum Islam

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Yogi Prasetyo

    2017-05-01

    Full Text Available This paper aims to know the concept of adab as the politics of Islamic law. Only Islam has the adab to organize people in all spheres of life while still being able to keep up with the times. Islam as a civilized religion wants the good of the world and here after by making human beings as khamil who believe and piety to Allah SWT is evidenced by obedience to His laws as dijelskan in al-Qur’an and Hadith. Adab is a basic principle typical of Islam which contains the values and rules of law that govern human life. Adab contains an inner philosophy of life that explains the lives of the past, present and future. The dimensions of space and time covered in adab can always follow global developments, so that there is an eternal politics of Islamic law as a way for the Islamic law that governs the good of human beings to be the main grip in living life. It is important that the role of adab in the development of the ummah, because it contains about the laws of Allah SWT to regulate acceptable human life and become the main need to practice it, because the goodness that is in it is desired by the whole people. The value contained in it is able to reduce the egoism and fanatic sentiments that are often spread by interested parties. As the politics of Islamic law, adab contains the wisdom of life, contained in it can provide widespread benefit to all mankind.

  13. Negotiating Islam with cinema A theoretical discussion on Indonesian Islamic films

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ahmad Nuril Huda

    2012-04-01

    Full Text Available This paper aims at exploring certain negotiations that justify Muslim’s cinematic texts and practices. It focuses on the questions about what is Islamic and un-Islamic about film, who and what decides certain films as Islamic, and what are the meanings of cinematic practices of Islam for Muslim society. Furthermore, this paper tries to investigate these questions from a theoretical basis using concepts of Islamic modernity, Islamic Ummah and Public, in order to shed some light on the idea of how a production of an Islamic film may trigger the creation of a political and religious identity.

  14. An Islamic Model of Social Life: Legal and Economic Thought in Islam

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sami Al-Daghistani

    2013-06-01

    Full Text Available In the article I assert the societal dimension of Islam based on the duality of an Islamic worldview, based on the notion of tewhid, whose foundation is in Islamic law. One component of Islamic law is Islamic economic thought, irrevocably bounded within the Qu’ranic postulates of ethical conduct, founded on a logic contrary to global capitalism, as Max Weber also pointed out. Islamic banking is an expression of contemporary Islamic business ethics, regarded as a conjunction of the financial sector and shari'a-based principles.

  15. The Islamic view on female circumcision

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Ali Gomaa

    Muslim societies, the truth is that the Muslim woman has been liberated for centuries under Islamic rule. What is ... equity envisioned by Islam in the social relations between men and women. ..... Educational establishments and media, for.

  16. SAINS ISLAM DALAM DISKURSUS FILSAFAT ILMU

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    M. Muslih

    2017-02-01

    Full Text Available Sains Islam sampai saat ini masih terkungkung dalam lingkaran pseudoscience, atau masih pada taraf model justifikasi Bucaillian. Sebagai bangunan keilmuan, sains Islam tentu memiliki basis filosofis. Tulisan ini berupaya mengkaji sains Islam dalam perspektif filsafat ilmu. Dalam perspektif ini, keilmiahan bangunan keilmuan ditentukan oleh ketepatan penggunaan teori dan metodologinya, tanpa mengabaikan sisi sosiologis-historis maupun sisi teologis-metafisis. Jika yang pertama merupakan basis logis dan objektifitas sains, lalu yang kedua merupakan aspek kemanusiaan dari sains, maka yang ketiga adalah basis keyakinan, keimanan, dan keberagamaan dari sains. Dengan ketiga elemen penting tersebut, Sains Islam sebagai sains berbasis agama Islam bisa menjadi ilmiah. Sekalipun demikian, definisi baru Sains Islam sebagai aktivitas ilmiah mesti terus dilanjutkan ke arah “action” dalam bentuk program riset. Dengan begitu, Sains Islam akan menghasilkan temuan-temuan baru, teori baru, metodologi baru, konteks baru, dan seterusnya. Tanpa upaya itu, image pseudosains dan justifikasi Bucaillian akan sulit hilang dari bangunan keilmuan Sains Islam.

  17. Editorial: Local Islam and Current Issues

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Editor Al-Jami'ah: Journal of Islamic Studies

    2013-12-01

    Full Text Available Themes in this edition vary ranging from feminism, literature, films, politics, charitable organization, Sufism, to the relation of Islam and Soviet Union, and the relation of a Jewish group and Islam.

  18. TRANSMITTING ISLAM THROUGH STORIES: The Sociology of Production and Consumption of Islam in Novel Literature

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Akh. Muzakki

    2017-07-01

    Full Text Available Islamic novel literature has become a new commodity in Indonesia. This paper examines the Islamic creative and cultural industry in recent development in Indonesia, exploring the Islamic publication through its exploitation of storytelling method as a means of produc­tion and consumption of Islamic commodities. As an object of analysis, it focuses on Islamic novel Ayat-Ayat Cinta. It particularly argues that Islamic publication has extended its capacity as a medium for transmitting religious ideas to producing and consuming economic commodities. It further argues that storytelling appears to be an effective method for both the transmission of Islamic teaching and the production and consumption of Islamic commodities. It maintains that positive responses from the market are not only in the form of purchasing the product of Islamic novel literature, but also in the form of following up the essence of cases in life exploited in stories developed in such an Islamic novel literature.

  19. THE GROWTH OF ISLAMIC BANKING IN INDONESIA

    OpenAIRE

    Fika Fitriasari

    2012-01-01

    This article describes the growth of Islamic banking industry in Indonesia. Islamic banking to perform progressive and strong performance from the banking indicators. Bank Indonesia estimates that the Islamic banking industry will achieve a growth higher than the national banking system in general. In the development of Islamic banking there are still some challenges to be solved especially for a small market share, lack of human resources, and the lack of product developmen...

  20. ONTOLOGI PENDIDIKAN ISLAM : HAKIKAT PENDIDIKAN DALAM PERSPEKTIF ISLAM

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    Muh Mustakim

    2012-07-01

    Full Text Available Education in Islam covers totality of three aspects of life, namely, ruhiyah (spirit, fikriyah (understanding, brain, and amaliyah (deed, body that are performed gradually in all lines of life. Indonesia government is enthusiastically encouraging a societal-based education, an education that is based on character building. However, ironically we are exposed to a sickness society phenomenon, for example, pornographic video case. The pornographic video was blasphemed and blamed by various society elements, but on the other hand, many people were even hunting for the pornographic video. It proves that our society has no strong moral protective power. Purposes of this article are to know and to prove essence of Islam as a syamil-mutakammil (comprehensive religion in explaining the importance of education in building characters of Islam.

  1. DINAMIKA ISLAM KULTURAL: Studi atas Dialektika Islam dan Budaya Lokal Madura

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    Paisun Paisun

    2010-08-01

    Full Text Available Throughout the history, it is well-known that the ingress and the progress of Islam in Indonesia, especially in Java and Madura, were held almost without any tension and conflict. Even in the societies with some former belief systems such as Animism and Buddhism, Islam was easily accepted as a religion that brings peace within its teachings. During periods, Islam and local cultures perform a dialectical relationship and give rise to local variances of Islam, such as Javanese Islam, Madurese Islam, Sasak Islam, Sundanese Islam, etc. Those variances of Islam are the result of an acculturation process between Islam with the local cultures. In other word, this process is also called as “inculturation”. These local variances of Islam, further termed as the “cultural Islam” in this paper, have become a characteristics of Indonesian Islamic societies phenomenon which are different from Middle-East’s Islamic society and European Islamic society. This paper discusses about the Madurese Islam, one of these cultural Islam’s variances. Dialectical process between Islam and the local culture of Madura in turn generates a unique Madurese Islam, which is distinctive and esoteric. In its further developments, Islam and Madurese tradition are seen as unity and inseparatable, though people can still distinguish one another. This study seeks to uncover and expose the Islamic cultural dynamics that exist and grow in Madura: how big is the change that occurred, in which part, and what factors underlie these changes. This study provides benefit in enriching our scientific study about Indonesian cultural heritage, especially about the dialectical relationship between Islam and Madurese local culture.

  2. ISLAMIC HUMAN RESOURCE PRACTICES AND ORGANIZATIONAL PERFORMANCE: A PRELIMINARY FINDING OF ISLAMIC ORGANIZATIONS IN MALAYSIA

    OpenAIRE

    Ilhaamie Abdul Ghani Azmi

    2010-01-01

    At the moment, there are lots of studies on conventional human resource practices. However, there are quite a few studies done on Islamic human resource practices. Using simple random sampling technique, final copies of questionnaires were sent to 300 Islamic organizations. However, only 114 questionnaires were returned and 111 were usable. These Islamic organizations implement Islamic human resource practices due to Islam; the religion is the way of life, type of their organizations and orga...

  3. On Political Islam in Palestine

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    Egor A. Stepkin

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available Abstract: This article deals with analyzing the place and the political Islam occupies on the Palestinian territories. The author tries to prove that despite the “Arab spring” and growing popularity of Islamism in the neighbor Arab countries its popular support among Palestinians is low. The main reason for this is Israeli total control of political, economic and - partially - social processes taking place in the West Bank. Position of the officials in Ramallah who together with Tel-Aviv strictly contain spread of Islamism throughout the West Bank also has a strong suppressing effect. Central Palestinian leadership may be called one of the few secular political establishments that are still in power in the Arab countries. The main explanation for this is the desire to make a positive effect on the international community, which Palestine totally depends on in political and financial terms. Also one should keep in mind secular beliefs of the current political elite in Palestine. President Mahmoud Abbas with his counterparts from FATAH and PLO represent old type of Arab nationalist politicians, almost all of who were stripped from power after the beginning of “Arab spring” in 2011. Finally, Palestinian society itself still feels united by the idea of national liberation from the Israeli occupation. This helps Palestinians to put aside the issue of religious self-identification. According to the surveys, most of Palestinians still rank their national identity number while describing their identity, while religion comes only second (despite the strong stable tendency for growing Islamization of their views. The only Palestinian enclave where political Islam has gained ground is isolated Gaza Strip. However ruling there “Islamic Resistance Movement” (HAMAS, despite declared anti-Zionism and Islamism, in reality show pragmatic readiness for certain coordination of its actions with Israel and central government in Ramallah. Nowadays one can

  4. Politics: An Islamic Perspective

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    Abdul Rashid Moten

    1993-11-01

    Full Text Available Muslim societies in all of their social and cultural variety are, as Donald E. Smith points out, ‘organic’ societies characterized by organic religious systems. In these societies, religion tends to permeate all institutions rather than to be differentiated and/or autonomous. The vast body of literature produced since the departure of the colonialists from the Muslim lands suggests, however, either the implicit existence of the dichotomy or at least the feasibility and advisability of radical separation between the spiritual and temporal realms. The seriousness of the issue, evidenced by an outpouring of studies, calls for an examination of the linkage between the two realms through textual (Qur’an and Hadith, intellectual (ideas of Muslim thinkers and historical evidence. Only in such a manner can the dynamics of the relationship between Islam and politics be understood and a determination made of what has changed and what has remained unchanged. This entails, first, an understanding of the meaning and nature of politics from the Western perspective to facilitate a comparison...

  5. TERORISME KONTEMPORER DUNIA ISLAM

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    Sokhi Huda

    2015-09-01

    Full Text Available This study is inspired by the problem of claims against terrorism as an expression of momentary interest, activities program, and products of history constructivism. To solve such problem, the study uses a critical historical analysis approach of Karl Rudolf Bultmann. The study concludes that terrorism, as a part of the wholeness of history, has played critical roles, namely the control role to the tyrannical-dominance and the role of ideology actualization. With the provision of institutionalized historical legacy, terrorism is not merely a temporary expression but it penetrates into borders of period of the history. In addition, with an emphasis on problem solving at the contemporary era, terrorism action is charged to provide a momentary response. Conceptual sources of this study are the view of Ahmad Jainuri about the character of terrorism and the view of Diniesh D’Souza on the profile and the main motive of terrorism. Based on evidences, data, and discussions of experts as well the terror doers themselves, the author argues that the essential meaning of terror—as a compelled action—lays in the fact that it is a noble meaning of historical and ideological aspects as well as a transcendent honor, which cross over the boundary of all conditions or all kinds of worldly reward.Keywords: Terrorism, contemporary, Islam, action.

  6. Democracy from Islamic law perspective

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    Mubarak Abdulkadir

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available It is frequently argued that because many Muslim states are monarchies or dictatorships or because of certain events that have taken place within their borders, Islamic law is not compatible with democracy and democracy is even neglected in the provisions of the holy Qur'an. Islamic law, according to what can be traced in its primary sources, not only supports democracy and people's participation in the state affairs but even possesses provisions in the Qur'an verses which encourage counselling and consultation and some scholars deem that to be democratic representation. Islamic Law, according to the provisions of some verses from the holy Qur'an encourages democracy but not liberal democracy like that of the western world. The religious democracy that can go with our modern time and solve many contemporary problems of the Muslim world is the model which was introduced by late Ayatollah Imam Khomeini after the 1979 Islamic revolution in Iran. The author in this research work concludes by showing that the ideal democracy enshrined in the holy Qur'an, as the primary source of Islamic law, is not liberal democracy of the western world, but rather a religious democracy.

  7. Worldview Islam dan Kapitalisme Barat

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    Hamid Fahmy Zarkasyi

    2013-05-01

    Full Text Available In the era when the idea of similarity, equality and pluralism are disseminated in diversified area, one might face difficulty to distinguish one civilization from the other.Now capitalism is the most dominant system of economic in the world and even developed into a civilization that has a worldveiw. Capitalism also used to be claimed and accepted as universal system that could be applied to the whole world. In response to this state of mind, it is imperative that capitalism be studied and identified from its very basic concept, i.e worldview perspective, and then compared it with Islam. This paper is a preliminary attempt to identify capitalist worldview and prove that it differs fundamentally from the worldview of Islam. The capitalist vision on religion, world, life style, justice, freedom of thought, wealth, economic activities which are influenced by Western worldview is diametrically different from Islamic worldview. Based on this study it must be very clear that Muslim intellectual who intend to borrow certain concept of capitalism for the development of Islamic economic should realize there are fundamental principles of capitalism that are irreconciliable with that of Islamic economic.

  8. Cultured Meat in Islamic Perspective.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hamdan, Mohammad Naqib; Post, Mark J; Ramli, Mohd Anuar; Mustafa, Amin Rukaini

    2017-04-29

    Cultured meat is a promising product that is derived through biotechnology that partially circumvents animal physiology, thereby being potentially more sustainable, environmentally friendly and animal friendly than traditional livestock meat. Such a novel technology that can impact many consumers evokes ethical, philosophical and religious discussions. For the Islamic community, the crucial question is whether cultured meat is halal, meaning compliant with Islamic laws. Since the culturing of meat is a new discovery, invention and innovation by scientists that has never been discussed by classical jurists (fuqaha'), an ijtihad by contemporary jurists must look for and provide answers for every technology introduced, whether it comply the requirements of Islamic law or not. So, this article will discuss an Islamic perspective on cultured meat based on the original scripture in the Qur'an and interpretations by authoritative Islamic jurists. The halal status of cultured meat can be resolve through identifying the source cell and culture medium used in culturing the meat. The halal cultured meat can be obtained if the stem cell is extracted from a (Halal) slaughtered animal, and no blood or serum is used in the process. The impact of this innovation will give positive results in the environmental and sustain the livestock industry.

  9. Islamic Business Ethics and Islamic Microfinance in Pesantren Gontor

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    Ahmad Lukman Nugraha

    2017-04-01

    Full Text Available Islam affirms that there stand for mutual affect in business processes, until the business practice as a work field recommended to the adherents; while discussing ethics of business activity poped out to minimize cheating and fraud activities. However, Islamic business ethics felt difficult to apply in practice, especially in the business of buying and selling. Modern Islamic Boarding School “Darussalam” Gontor is one of the self-financing and self-help islamic boarding schools in the economic supported by cooperatives in pesantren (koppontren. This paper aims to comprehensively understand the application of Islamic business ethics and focus on the entrepreneurs in business sectors Gontor La-Tansa’s cooperatives. This research had systematically employed mix method research with sequential explanatory design and case study. Gathering data through using questionnaires, interviews, observation and documentation has been performing analysis through data reduction, data display, and data verification. This paper argues that Gontor La-Tansa’s cooperatives sector can run the business activities with implementing business ethics according to the Qur’an and Sunna values. Appear from the height comprehension of the business to the axiom business ethics and the height application in business activities in each business sector. In addition, the role of kiai and business unit supervisor is high. Data displays a level of the height direction (80 percent and control on the application of business ethics (72 percent. The Islamic business ethics can be applied on firm’s and government’s law with height comprehension and controlling.

  10. Developing Islamic Finance in the Philippines

    OpenAIRE

    Mylenko, Nataliya; Iqbal, Zamir

    2016-01-01

    This report was prepared as part of the World Bank engagement in the Philippines to support Islamic Finance and Financial Inclusion. It provides an overview on the context for the development of Islamic finance in the Philippines and is accompanied by two focused reports providing further detail and suggestions on enhancing financial inclusion in the Philippines through Islamic microfinanc...

  11. Islam Is Essential for General Education

    Science.gov (United States)

    Meacham, Jack

    2015-01-01

    The religion of Islam is often portrayed with false and negative stereotypes. If we expect our students to understand and participate in the global world and to be informed and engaged citizens in a democratic America, then it is essential that they develop a basic and sound understanding of Islam. Furthermore, learning about Islam can facilitate…

  12. Negotiating Justice: American Muslim Women Navigating Islamic ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    A common challenge my interlocutors faced in divorce was establishing an access to Islamic divorce and a divorce on equitable terms. Using their understanding of Islamic law as a standard for justice, my interlocutors employed both civil law and religio-legal strategies to re-defi ne the terms of Islamic divorce for themselves ...

  13. Teaching the Politics of Islamic Fundamentalism.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kazemzadeh, Masoud

    1998-01-01

    Argues that the rise of Islamic fundamentalism since the Iranian Revolution has generated a number of issues of analytical significance for political science. Describes three main models in teaching and research on Islamic fundamentalism: Islamic exceptionalism, comparative fundamentalisms, and class analysis. Discusses the construction of a…

  14. Aktualiasasi Pendidikan Islam DI Dalam Institusi-Institusi Madrasah Terkemuka Abad Klasik

    OpenAIRE

    Muqoyyidin, Andik Wahyun

    2013-01-01

    Madrasa as an institution of Islamic education was an idea and a brilliant achievements in the fith century AH. With its uniqueness, during the Abbasiyah caliphate in Baghdad, madrassas became par - excellence educational institutions. After development and kuttab mosques, madrassas was growing very rapidly. Mirror at that time, the pattern of Islamic education has many variants, and almost all educational institutions when it received full support from the government in the fild of fiance. T...

  15. CONSUMERS’ PREFERENCE TOWARD ISLAMIC BANKING

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    delta khairunnisa

    2017-06-01

    Full Text Available Objective - This research aims to provide empirical evidence on the factors motivating consumers to save in Islamic banking.Methods - The one sample t-test is employed to test hypothesis. The validity and the reliability of research variables have been examined.Results - The result proved that consumers’ decision to save in Islamic banking are influenced by economic and religious factors, such as receiving economic benefits, quick services, online facilities, easily reachable locations, and having a better understanding of Islamic principles.Conclusions - The existence of a relationship between economic and religious preference proves that, in making decisions, consumers wish to attain two satisfaction levels: satisfaction in the world and in the hereafter.

  16. Korupsi dalam Kajian Hukum Islam

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    Syamsul Bahri

    2015-12-01

    Corruption in Islamic Law ABSTRACT: Corruption is an action that is categorized in the form of bribery, manipulation etc. Indonesia’s legal study, corruption belongs to the deeds of the offenses set forth in the Act Number 31, 1999 in relation to the Act Number 20, 2001. Form the impact, this action not only affects human morality personality, but also public interest. The damages to all aspects of life are able to create slump values of morality and the most severe social inequality, such as poverty, crime is not severe and more. This causes destruction of the public good and contrary to the purpose Islamic law obedience. As a result, Islam forbids and prohibits such action, and can be rewarded with severe sanctions. This is normative legal research, seeking and finding the source of the laws of literature related to the topic being studied.

  17. What is Islamic architecture anyway?

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    Nasser Rabbat

    2012-06-01

    Full Text Available This article offers a critical review of scholarship on Islamic architecture in the last two centuries. It raises methodological and historiographical questions about the field’s formation, development, and historical and theoretical contours through a discussion of the positions of its main figures. One question treated here is that of how to study a culturally defined architectural tradition like Islamic architecture without reducing it to essential and timeless categories. Another question is that of how one is to critique the dominant Western paradigm without turning away from its comparative perspective. But the most important goal of the article is to reclaim the assumed temporal boundaries of Islamic architecture – Late Antiquity as a predecessor and modernism as a successor – as constitutive forces in its evolution and definition.

  18. METHODS OF TEACHING ISLAMIC FIQH

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    Muhammad Jarir

    2013-07-01

    Full Text Available This paper examined the most important methods used in the teaching of Islamic fiqh at the university level. The paper identified two types of methods and highlighted their advantages and disadvantages. The study particularly highlighted the Islamic perception of the methods and the optimal characteristics of a fiqh instructor. The paper concluded with a number of suggestion and recommendation that’s my correct the course of university teaching of Islamic fiqh. The paper mainly calls for the need to diagnose the causes of students’ weaknesses in this field and to find solutions to these causes.Copyright © 2013 by Al-Ta'lim All right reservedDOI: 10.15548/jt.v20i2.36

  19. KAJIAN KRITIS TENTANG AKULTURASI ISLAM DAN BUDAYA LOKAL

    OpenAIRE

    M. Arsad AT

    2012-01-01

    Islam came to archipelago (Indonesia) could not be separated from the shades where Islam was born. However, Islam that was brought to Indonesia adapted with the local culture. The process of compounding between Islamization and acculturation, made Islam in the archipelago easily accepted by society. There is no resistance, except reception. If there is a modifications, it is no more than the injection of Islamic values in a tradition that have been there. In its development, the Islamic archi...

  20. Mencermati Sejarah Perkembangan Filsafat Islam

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    A. Khudori Soleh

    2014-05-01

    Full Text Available Although acknowledged that Greek philosophy gave great influence on the development of Islamic philosophy, but philosophy of Islam are not based on it, because; (1 to learn does not necessarily reflect a repetition, (2 every thought is not separated from their cultural context, (3 the real fact shows that Islamic rational thinking has established before the arrival of Greek philosophy. If so, where Islamic philosophical thought come from? The answer is from the Islamic tradition itself, from scientists who attempt to explain the teachings of the Muslim holy book. There are three measures relevant to philosophical reasoning: ta’wil method, explanation of musytarak meaning, and qiyâs. In addition, the demands on theological issues, to harmonize the views that seem contradictory and complex, for further systematized it in an integral metaphysical idea. From there developed methods and philosophical thought in Islam, long before the arrival of Greek philosophy through the process of translation. First of all it was accepted because it is needed to answer new problems which require rational thinking, then it was declined at the time of Ibn Hanbal because there are certain cases which considered deviant, it was developed again in the time of al-Farabi and Ibn Sina, then rejected and considered to cause disbelief in the al-Ghazali era, and it was developed again at the Ibn Rushd, then change lanes to work together with Sufism in the time of Suhrawardi and Ibn Arabi. Finally, tradition of philosophical thought in the Sunni world does not grow up but remains develop well within the Shiite community.

  1. Konsep Pengelolaan Air Dalam Islam

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    zahra zainun nisa

    2017-06-01

    Full Text Available Water is a long-life necessity that must be maintained for its sustainability. However, at present, various water resources problems have occurred in various countries. This study aims to find the concept of water resources management in Islam. This research type is library research with constant comparative method for data analysis. From the analysis, it can be understood that, Islam as a complete religion can be a source of water resource management concept to be implemented in life. For the sake of good water resources, water management must be holistic. An ethical-religious, social and economic approach that involving all human components is really essential.

  2. STUDI ISLAM TENTANG AKHLAK KONSELOR

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    Rosniati Hakim

    2013-02-01

    Full Text Available Among the main characteristics of good Muslims, based on the Quran, is good behavior or conduct (akhlaq.  It is a basic Islamic teaching that must be understood, internalized, and practiced in daily lives either personally or in society. It is said that akhlaq is like an endless sea.  It cannot be separated with the other dimensions; it is in accord with thoughts, action and words, between commanding and keeping away of something.  A Muslim counselor has to have Islamic conduct as reflected in God’s characters, as well as character and conducts of Prophet Muhammad (peace be upon him.

  3. A case series study of the neurophysiological effects of altered states of mind during intense Islamic prayer.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Newberg, Andrew B; Wintering, Nancy A; Yaden, David B; Waldman, Mark R; Reddin, Janet; Alavi, Abass

    2015-12-01

    This paper presents a case series with preliminary data regarding the neurophysiological effects of specific prayer practices associated with the Islamic religion. Such practices, like other prayer practices, are likely associated with several coordinated cognitive activities and a complex pattern of brain physiology. However, there may also be changes specific to the goals of Islamic prayer which has, as its most fundamental concept, the surrendering of one's self to God. To evaluate Islamic prayer practices, we measured changes in cerebral blood flow (CBF) using single photon emission computed tomography (SPECT) in three Islamic individuals while practicing two different types of Islamic prayer. In this case series, intense Islamic prayer practices generally showed decreased CBF in the prefrontal cortex and related frontal lobe structures, and the parietal lobes. However, there were also several regions that differed between the two types of prayer practices including increased CBF in the caudate nucleus, insula, thalamus, and globus pallidus. These patterns also appear distinct from concentrative techniques in which an individual focuses on a particular idea or object. It is hypothesized that the changes in brain activity may be associated with feelings of "surrender" and "connectedness with God" described to be experienced during these intense Islamic prayer practices. Overall, these results suggest that several coordinated cognitive processes occur during intense Islamic prayer. Methodological issues and implications of the results are also discussed. Copyright © 2015 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

  4. Psychoanalysis, Islam, and the other of Liberalism.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Massad, Joseph

    2009-01-01

    This paper examines the terms and methods used by psychoanalytic authors to explain and understand something they other as "Islam." The paper engages critically and psycho-analytically with these authors' attempts to read "Islam" psychoanalytically, and finds that more often than not they subject it to liberal principles that are not defined in psychoanalytic terms. Focusing on the work of Tunisian author Fethi Benslama, the paper analyses and deconstructs certain key semantic and conceptual confusions of "Islam" and "Islamism" that are manifest in the general psychoanalytic literature on "Islam".

  5. Aligning Islamic Spirituality to Medical Imaging.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zainuddin, Zainul Ibrahim

    2017-10-01

    This paper attempts to conceptualize Islamic spirituality in medical imaging that deals with the humanistic and technical dimensions. It begins with establishing an understanding concerning spirituality, an area that now accepted as part of patient-centred care. This is followed by discussions pertaining to Islamic spirituality, related to the practitioner, patient care and the practice. Possible avenues towards applying Islamic spirituality in medical imaging are proposed. It is hoped that the resultant harmonization between Islamic spirituality and the practice will trigger awareness and interests pertaining to the role of a Muslim practitioner in advocating and enhancing Islamic spirituality.

  6. Islam, Islamism, and Democratic Values. Footnotes. Volume 11, Number 4

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kuehner, Trudy

    2006-01-01

    On May 6-7, 2006 FPRI's Marvin Wachman Fund for International Education hosted 44 teachers from 16 states across the country for a weekend of discussion on teaching about Islam. Speakers were drawn from the disciplines of religious studies, anthropology, political science, history, law, and journalism. The institute, held in Bryn Mawr, Pa., was…

  7. Psikoanalisa Islam, Menggali Struktur Psikis Manusia dalam Perspektif Islam

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    Lalu Heri Afrizal

    2014-09-01

    Full Text Available Pengaruh Teori Psikoanalisa Sigmund Freud dalam kajian psikologi modern cukup dominan mewarnai ilmu pengetahuan secara umum yang berbicara tentang manusia, seperti kedokteran, filsafat, agama, seni, sastra, antropologi, maupun politik. Padahal teori-teori Freud tentang konsep manusia, yang menjadi basis utama dalam mengkaji prilaku dan kejiwaan manusia, sangat dipengaruhi oleh doktrin ateisme yang dianutnya. Kondisi ini tentu sangat memprihatinkan. Sebab, ketika psikologi semacam ini diajarkan dan diyakini oleh umat Islam yang belum sadar terhadap paradigma psikologi modern, maka akan menjadi masalah. Padahal doktrin-doktrin di dalamnya sangat bertentangan dengan ajaran Islam. Sementara itu, kajian-kajian ilmuwan Muslim kontemporer mengenai hal ini belum banyak mewarnai. Oleh karena itu,sangat diperlukan kajian mendalam mengenai ilmu psikologi yang berbasis pandangan hidup Islam, sehingga ditemukan konsep manusia yang utuh dan islami. Tulisan ini mencoba mengkaji permasalahan psikologi melalui kajian tematis-analitis terhadap teks-teks al-Qur’an dan al-Hadits. Sebagai perbandingan, kajian dimulai dengan mengungkap konsep manusia menurut Psikoanalisa Sigmund Freud, kemudian disusul pembahasan tentang struktur psikis manusia menurut Islam.

  8. CURRICULUM, ISLAMIC UNDERSTANDING AND RADICAL ISLAMIC MOVEMENTS IN INDONESIA

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    Husniyatus Salamah Zainiyati

    2016-12-01

    Full Text Available This article is intended to argue several things. The first is that the educational institutions can play two roles within the context of transmitting Islamic understanding; either to preach the tolerance or in contrast the radicalism. The second is that the teachers affiliated to certain radical movements often fall in to corrupt practices by abusing the school curriculum, which actually is aimed at providing guideline for the teachers of Islamic Religion in order to promote characters of students in line with the values of Indonesia Islam. The third is that the condition and the environment of schools tend to allow the room for the deployment process of radical movements in Indonesia. This article will explore issues on the relationship between school curriculum and radicalism, the transmission of Islamic understanding as well as possible solutions for overcoming the spread of radicalism. In conclusion, this article will reinforce ideas that teachers are the most important instruments within the curriculum implementation. In this regards, it is important to note that curriculum in its various forms is just a text and hence the teachers are the ones really determine the ways in which it is being read and interpreted. It is suggested then that there is a duty that should be performed by the government to strengthen their ideology based on the country national guidelines embraced by Muslims in Indonesia.

  9. THE POSITION OF ISLAM NUSANTARA IN GEOPOLITICAL DINAMYCS OF ISLAMIC WORLD

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    Abdul Chalik

    2016-12-01

    Full Text Available Peranan Islam Nusantara dalam Dinamika Geopolitik Dunia Islam. Tulisan ini berangkat dari kegelisahan terhadap lahirnya ISIS, sebuah gerakan sosial politik yang lebih ekstrim dibandingkan dengan pendahulunya, al-Qaeda. Satu sisi, organisasi ini tidak saja membuat Barat ketakutan atas segala sepak terjangnya, terutama pasca teror Paris di pertengahan Nopember 2015, pada sisi yang lain juga menciderai perasaan umat Islam karena dianggap mendompleng atas nama agama (Islam—sementara perilakunya berlawanan dengan ajaran Islam. Secara geopolitik posisi dunia Islam mengalami dilema; satu sisi harus berhadapan dengan Muslim sendiri sementara pada sisi yang lain harus bersinergi dengan kekuatan asing untuk melawan bangsa atau saudara sendiri. Berbeda dengan Islam ala ISIS atau al-Qaeda yang bercorak ekstrim dan eksklusif, Islam Nusantara berpandangan sebaliknya. Artikel ini ditulis dengan metode ekploratif deskriptif—dengan menyajikan persoalan dunia Islam saat ini dan hubungannya dengan ideologi Islam Nusantara yang sedang dibangun.

  10. Islam Nusantara antara Ortodoksi dan Heterodoksi

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    Akhiyat Akhiyat

    2017-05-01

    Abstrak: Corak keberagamaan masyarakat Indonesia atau Islam Nusantara telah memiliki kekhasan tersendiri. Bentuk yang dapat ditemukan dari perbedaan corak Islam Nusantara dengan negara-negara lain di Timur Tengah, terutama negara asal Islam, Arab Saudi, yaitu dari segi kekhasan khasanah pengalaman dan pengamalan batin masyarakat Indonesia sebagai pemeluknya. Dapat dikatakan bahwa Islam Nusantara adalah Islam sebagai ajaran akhlak dan moral bagi pemeluknya, dan bukan Islam sebagai ideologi yang tidak menghargai pemahaman kelompok lain. Berangkat dari perbedaan corak antara Islam Nusantara dengan Islam dengan negara lain, tidak lepas dari latar belakang historis keberadaan tradisi pengalaman budaya dan kepercayaan religiusitas para pendahulunya. Islam Nusantara yang telah menjadi bagian penting pemeluknya di Indonesia, dilihat dari segi kepatutan masyarakat penganutnya, dapat dikategorikan sebagai “Islam ortodoksi humanis.” Mereka dalam menjalankan Islam senantiasa masih mempertahankan nilai-nilai normatif keberagamaannya, berpegang kepada al-Qur’an dan al-Hadis. Di samping itu, mereka juga menjalankan ajaran historis, yang mana peran nilai-nilai spiritualitas, nilai-nilai batiniah (esoteris dalam agama, terutama nilai-nilai moralitas kemanusiaan telah menjadi prinsip yang sangat urgen dalam kehidupannya. Sebagaimana ritus-ritus yang pada tataran realita kehidupan masyarakatnya, dalam setiap momen ritus kehidupannya tidak lepas dengan yang namanya mengadakan suatu sikap religiusitas (upacara ritus kehidupan, memohon pertolongan kepada sesuatu kekuatan (ghaib di luar dirinya, dalam bahasa agama memohon pertolongan kepada Sang Maha Kuasa, Tuhan pencipta alam.

  11. An economic theory of Islamic finance

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    Mabid Ali Al-Jarhi

    2017-07-01

    Full Text Available Purpose - This paper aims to provide an economic rationale for Islamic finance. Design/methodology/approach - Its methodology is simple. It starts with listing the contributions to economic analysis relevant to the required rationale in the theories of banking, finance, price, money and macroeconomics, to identify the main rationale for Islamic finance. A concise description of the author’s model for an Islamic economic system, within which Islamic finance can be operational, is provided. Findings - The paper finds distinct advantages of Islamic finance, when properly applied within the author’s model. Islamic finance can therefore be a candidate as a reform agenda for conventional finance. It opens the door for significant monetary reform in currently prevalent economic systems. Research limitations/implications - The first limitation of the paper is that the distinct benefits of Islamic finance are all of macroeconomic types which are external to Islamic banking and finance institutions. They are therefore not expected to motivate such institutions to apply Islamic finance to the letter, without regulators interference to ensure strict application. The second limitation is the necessity to set up enabling institutional and regulatory arrangements for Islamic finance. Originality/value - The results are unique as they challenge the received doctrine and provide non-religious rationale for Islamic finance.

  12. ISLAM ABOGE DALAM TRADISI JAWA ALASTUA

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sakirman Sakirman

    2016-10-01

    Full Text Available Islam masuk ke tanah Jawa dalam keadaan penduduknya telah memiliki tradisi dan budaya berupa kepercayaan adanya kekuatan pada benda-benda tertentu (dinamisme, adanya kekuatan pada arwah orang yang meninggal (animisme dan kepercayaan adanya kekuatan pada binatang-binatang (totemisme. Tradisi ini telah diwariskan secara turun temurun, diyakini, dan diamalkan dalam kehidupan sehari-hari. Ketika Islam datang, keyakinan dan kepercayaan tersebut  melebur dalam budaya Islam. Sehingga munculah apa yang disebut dengan sinkretisme Islam, yaitu akulturasi budaya Islam dengan tradisi lokal. Di antara bentuk akulturasi budaya lokal (Jawa dengan Islam adalah tradisi yang dianut oleh komunitas Islam Aboge. Komunitas ini melaksanakan tradisi-tradisi Jawa dengan dibumbui tradisi Islam, maka munculah Islam dengan cita rasa lokal (islam lokal. Kekhasan dari komunitas ini adalah masih menggunakan model Penanggalan Islam Jawa yakni Penanggalan Aboge untuk menetapkan awal Ramadhan, Hari Raya Idhul Fitri dan Idhul Adha. Kata Aboge adalah singkatan dari Alip Rebo Wage yang mempunyai arti Tanggal 1 Muharram Tahun Alif akan jatuh pada hari Rebo (Rabu pasaran Wage. Aboge adalah dasar perhitungan almanak (kalender dalam satu windu atau delapan tahun, maka yang dimaksud Aboge adalah dasar suatu perhitungan. Penggunaan penanggalan dengan sistem Aboge mengakibatkan pelaksanaan ibadah puasa, perayaan Idhul Fitri, dan Idhul Adha yang dilaksanakan oleh komunitas Aboge selalu mengalami perbedaan  dengan keputusan yang telah ditetapkan oleh pemerintah melalui sidang Itsbat.

  13. Bioethics for clinicians: 21. Islamic bioethics

    Science.gov (United States)

    Daar, Abdallah S.; Khitamy, A.

    2001-01-01

    ISLAMIC BIOETHICS DERIVES FROM A COMBINATION OF PRINCIPLES, duties and rights, and, to a certain extent, a call to virtue. In Islam, bioethical decision-making is carried out within a framework of values derived from revelation and tradition. It is intimately linked to the broad ethical teachings of the Qur'an and the tradition of the Prophet Muhammad, and thus to the interpretation of Islamic law. In this way, Islam has the flexibility to respond to new biomedical technologies. Islamic bioethics emphasizes prevention and teaches that the patient must be treated with respect and compassion and that the physical, mental and spiritual dimensions of the illness experience be taken into account. Because Islam shares many foundational values with Judaism and Christianity, the informed Canadian physician will find Islamic bioethics quite familiar. Canadian Muslims come from varied backgrounds and have varying degrees of religious observance. Physicians need to recognize this diversity and avoid a stereotypical approach to Muslim patients. PMID:11202669

  14. Product Innovation of Islamic Financial Institutions

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    Agus Rojak Samsudin

    2016-03-01

    Full Text Available This article was composed from the fact that the presence of Sharia Financial Institutions (SFC cannot be separated from the existence of Conventional Financial Institutions. Islamic Bank appeared in the midst of the conventional banking development. It certainly gives the impression product of Islamic Bank is seen as the imitation of conventional banking products. The historical analysis shows that the substantive function of banking operations has been practiced since the early days of Islam. Even the profit and lost sharing principle has been applied from transactions Islamic business transactions (Mu'amalah in the ancient Arab, which has been explored in the modern era and also legitimized by the Fatwa of DSN MUI (National Sharia Council of Indonesian Ulama Council (NSC-ICU. This institution is often reinterpreting the concept of Islamic business, including the innovation of Islamic Banking products that are derived from the Quran, the Sunna, and Islamic Jurisprudence (al-Ijtihad.

  15. PEMBARUAN PENDIDIKAN ISLAM: TELAAH RETROSPEKTIF DAN PROSPEKTIF

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    Maidar Maidar

    2015-08-01

    Full Text Available Islamic reform however which be conducted at the moment, should be started through education as education is the key to open the door of modernization. Therefore, the thinkers of Islamic education, Islamic education needs to rethink both retrospective and prospective. Retrospective is about the changes of educational form in the past. While the prospective is about the changing of the educational process in the future, namely the idea and Islamic education reform programs which have the link roots to modernization thought and Islamic civilization as a whole. It has relationship and link to reformation (tajdid that is to revive the Islamic faith. It is the basis of belief that reform movements remain a legitimate part of the original and the description of Islam at the stage of the history.

  16. Corporate social responsibility in Islam

    OpenAIRE

    Elasrag, Hussein

    2015-01-01

    The aim of this study is to review the Islamic principles of CSR, and the definition of a structured social corporate responsibility (CSR), and based on this responsibility. And provide a practical through the international financial institutions that can implement CSR policies framework. This study provides the basis of social responsibilities that apply to those derived from divine sources of international financial institutions.

  17. Islamic factor in contemporary Russia

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    N. M. Shalenna

    2014-12-01

    Full Text Available Russian Federation, a Eurasian multinational state, has a significant number of indigenous Muslim population (about 10% that continues to increase not only due to natural growth and conversion of non-Muslims to Islam, but also as a result of intensive immigration from the Central Asian countries and Azerbaijan. Islamic factor significantly predetermined policy of Russia during its historical development. The importance of Islam in contemporary political life has been underlined by many government representatives and by the leaders of social and religious organizations and movements. Russian Muslim Ummah nowadays is far from being homogeneous and integrated, that predisposes some groups to radicalization of sentiments, ideas and activities and inevitably causes significant destabilization in the religious, social and political spheres within certain subjects of the Russian Federation and at the national level. The article focuses on the complex investigation of the influence of Islam on the social and political processes in contemporary Russia. It reveals the main principles of the Russian administration policy in the field of religion in general and towards Muslims in particular. Specific features of Muslim communities’ formation and factors of their institutionalization are determined. This research covers the reasons of major contradictions existing within the Russian Ummah. The article stresses on the importance of this study in the context of Ukrainian-Russian conflict in Crimea and in eastern regions of Ukraine. Current policy of Russia towards the Crimean Tatar population is analyzed.

  18. A Brief Illustrated Guide to Understanding Islam. Second Edition.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ibrahim, I. A.

    This book is a brief guide to understanding Islam, intended to help individuals better understand Islamic culture, Muslims, and the Holy Quran. It consists of the following three chapters: (1) Some Evidence for the Truth of Islam; (2) Some Benefits of Islam; and (3) General Information on Islam. The book is extensively illustrated with photographs…

  19. COMMON PATTERNS IN THE EVOLUTION BETWEEN THE LUMINOUS NEUTRON STAR LOW-MASS X-RAY BINARY SUBCLASSES

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Fridriksson, Joel K.; Homan, Jeroen; Remillard, Ronald A.

    2015-01-01

    The X-ray transient XTE J1701–462 was the first source observed to evolve through all known subclasses of low-magnetic-field neutron star low-mass X-ray binaries (NS-LMXBs), as a result of large changes in its mass accretion rate. To investigate to what extent similar evolution is seen in other NS-LMXBs we have performed a detailed study of the color–color and hardness–intensity diagrams (CDs and HIDs) of Cyg X-2, Cir X-1, and GX 13+1—three luminous X-ray binaries, containing weakly magnetized neutron stars, known to exhibit strong secular changes in their CD/HID tracks. Using the full set of Rossi X-ray Timing Explorer Proportional Counter Array data collected for the sources over the 16 year duration of the mission, we show that Cyg X-2 and Cir X-1 display CD/HID evolution with close similarities to XTE J1701–462. Although GX 13+1 shows behavior that is in some ways unique, it also exhibits similarities to XTE J1701–462, and we conclude that its overall CD/HID properties strongly indicate that it should be classified as a Z source, rather than as an atoll source. We conjecture that the secular evolution of Cyg X-2, Cir X-1, and GX 13+1—illustrated by sequences of CD/HID tracks we construct—arises from changes in the mass accretion rate. Our results strengthen previous suggestions that within single sources Cyg-like Z source behavior takes place at higher luminosities and mass accretion rates than Sco-like Z behavior, and lend support to the notion that the mass accretion rate is the primary physical parameter distinguishing the various NS-LMXB subclasses

  20. COMMON PATTERNS IN THE EVOLUTION BETWEEN THE LUMINOUS NEUTRON STAR LOW-MASS X-RAY BINARY SUBCLASSES

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Fridriksson, Joel K. [Anton Pannekoek Institute for Astronomy, University of Amsterdam, Science Park 904, 1098 XH Amsterdam (Netherlands); Homan, Jeroen; Remillard, Ronald A., E-mail: J.K.Fridriksson@uva.nl [Kavli Institute for Astrophysics and Space Research, Massachusetts Institute of Technology, 77 Massachusetts Avenue, Cambridge, MA 02139 (United States)

    2015-08-10

    The X-ray transient XTE J1701–462 was the first source observed to evolve through all known subclasses of low-magnetic-field neutron star low-mass X-ray binaries (NS-LMXBs), as a result of large changes in its mass accretion rate. To investigate to what extent similar evolution is seen in other NS-LMXBs we have performed a detailed study of the color–color and hardness–intensity diagrams (CDs and HIDs) of Cyg X-2, Cir X-1, and GX 13+1—three luminous X-ray binaries, containing weakly magnetized neutron stars, known to exhibit strong secular changes in their CD/HID tracks. Using the full set of Rossi X-ray Timing Explorer Proportional Counter Array data collected for the sources over the 16 year duration of the mission, we show that Cyg X-2 and Cir X-1 display CD/HID evolution with close similarities to XTE J1701–462. Although GX 13+1 shows behavior that is in some ways unique, it also exhibits similarities to XTE J1701–462, and we conclude that its overall CD/HID properties strongly indicate that it should be classified as a Z source, rather than as an atoll source. We conjecture that the secular evolution of Cyg X-2, Cir X-1, and GX 13+1—illustrated by sequences of CD/HID tracks we construct—arises from changes in the mass accretion rate. Our results strengthen previous suggestions that within single sources Cyg-like Z source behavior takes place at higher luminosities and mass accretion rates than Sco-like Z behavior, and lend support to the notion that the mass accretion rate is the primary physical parameter distinguishing the various NS-LMXB subclasses.

  1. Dinamika Hubungan Islam dan Agama Lokal di Indonesia: Pengalaman Towani Tolotang di Sulawesi Selatan

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    Hasse J

    2016-08-01

    Full Text Available This study focuses on the relation between Islam and local religion in Indonesia. The common relation pattern occurred in each encounter between Islam and local religion; is that fulfilled by the compromise and the conflict at the same time. In the case at South Sulawesi, the cultural accommodation of Towani Tolotang was able to perform it   on a good situation that brought them to be accepted by the Muslims majority without relinquishing their former believes. In certain condition, despite the underlying differences between the two, both Islam and Towani Tolotang can hardly be socially separated from one another. Although the state admitted six religions only, but practically we found various types of religions others. Their adherents strive doing any efforts to keep their existence and continuity for their future. The result of this study shows that Towani Tolotang in its encounter with Islam emerged some types of conflicts and compromises on its dynamics.  

  2. The perceived role of Islam in immigrant Muslim medical practice within the USA: an exploratory qualitative study.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Padela, A I; Shanawani, H; Greenlaw, J; Hamid, H; Aktas, M; Chin, N

    2008-05-01

    Islam and Muslims are underrepresented in the medical literature and the influence of physician's cultural beliefs and religious values upon the clinical encounter has been understudied. To elicit the perceived influence of Islam upon the practice patterns of immigrant Muslim physicians in the USA. Ten face-to-face, in-depth, semistructured interviews with Muslim physicians from various backgrounds and specialties trained outside the USA and practising within the the country. Data were analysed according to the conventions of qualitative research using a modified grounded-theory approach. There were a variety of views on the role of Islam in medical practice. Several themes emerged from our interviews: (1) a trend to view Islam as enhancing virtuous professional behaviour; (2) the perception of Islam as influencing the scope of medical practice through setting boundaries on career choices, defining acceptable medical procedures and shaping social interactions with physician peers; (3) a perceived need for Islamic religious experts within Islamic medical ethical deliberation. This is a pilot study intended to yield themes and hypotheses for further investigation and is not meant to fully characterise Muslim physicians at large. Immigrant Muslim physicians practising within the USA perceive Islam to play a variable role within their clinical practice, from influencing interpersonal relations and character development to affecting specialty choice and procedures performed. Areas of ethical challenges identified include catering to populations with lifestyles at odds with Islamic teachings, end-of-life care and maintaining a faith identity within the culture of medicine. Further study of the interplay between Islam and Muslim medical practice and the manner and degree to which Islamic values and law inform ethical decision-making is needed.

  3. Islamic Fundamentalism in Modern Russia

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    Elena F. Parubochaya

    2017-09-01

    Full Text Available Nowadays Islam takes the stage of recovery associated with the peculiar issues associated with the Muslim society. These characteristics are expressed in the spread of ideas of Islamic fundamentalism and its supporters’ confrontation with the rest of the world. This process has affected the Russian Muslims as well, the trend developed after the collapse of the Soviet Union when the post soviet muslims began to realize themselves as part of one of the Muslim Ummah, coming into conflict with the secular law of the Russian Federation. After the Soviet Union’s disintegration, the radical Islamic ideas have begun to appear in Russia, in the conditions of the growth of nationalism these thoughts found a fertile ground. One of these ideas was associated with the construction of Sharia state in the Muslim autonomous republics of the Russian Federation and their subsequent withdrawal from Russian’s membership. The situation for the Russian state in the Muslim republics aggravated the war in Chechnya. Through Chechnya mercenaries from Arab countries started to penetrate to the Russian territory, they also brought the money for the destabilization of the internal situation in Russia. Nevertheless, separatism did not find the mass support in neighboring regions such as Dagestan, Kabardino-Balkaria, Karachay-Cherkessia and Ingushetia. It is evidently that international Jihad ideas were supported financially from abroad. The issue of funding is a key part of the development of Islamic fundamentalism in Russia, the international Islamic funds and organizations gave huge financial assistance to them. At the present moment Russian authorities lead a fruitful and a successful fight against terrorism. In the future, after the completion of the antiterrorist operation in the Middle East hundreds of terrorists may return to Russia with huge experience that can threaten the security of the Russian state.

  4. DEVELOPMENT OF ISLAMIC BANKING IN TURKEY

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    ISTVÁN EGRESI

    2015-12-01

    Full Text Available While the financial world is still dominated by conventional banks, based on western economic principles, the number of Islamic banks is on the rise. Islamic banks have originated from colonial India as a response of the Muslims to the British who attempted to westernize their society. Other similar financial operations based on Islamic Law (Shari’a were established in Pakistan, Malaysia and Egypt to facilitate access of rural poor to interest-free loans. However, being unprofitable, these operations did not survive for very long. Islamic banks, unlike conventional banks, are not based on interest and conduct their business in accordance with a wide array of ethical and moral issues. The modern phase of Islamic banking started in the 1970s when the Islamic Development Bank was founded in Saudi Arabia. Soon after, a number of commercial banks were established in the neighboring countries. From this core, over the last four decades, Islamic finance and banking has spread across the entire Muslim world and beyond to become a global phenomenon. This study examines the development of Islamic banking in Turkey in the wider context of global expansion. Turkey is an interesting case study because, although its population is nearly 100% Muslim, it is a secular state built on the model of Western European countries. However, lately, the moderate Islamic party in power since 2002 has shown some signs of openness towards a parallel banking system based on Islamic principles.

  5. Makna Ghuluw dalam Islam: Benih Ekstremisme Beragama

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    Sihabuddin Afroni

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available This article explore the concept of ghuluw in Islam, as a seed of extremism in the name of religion. This article trace the term ghuluw in Islamic history and how Islam (through the Qur’an and Hadith discuss this term. Etymologically, the term ghuluw means exaggerating about something. Terminologically, ghuluw means the model of excessive understanding of religious teaching deviated from its orininal meaning. Several attitudes categorized as ghuluw include: fanatic, prejudice, and blame; and even accusing of infidelity. Islam condemns all those characteristics as explain in the Qur’an and Sunna. Islam is a religion that promotes honour, peace, harmony and balance. Currently in Indonesia, however, there are two contrasting Islamic groups: on one side there has been increasing number of people who can be labeled as extremist, violent, and literalist. In another side, there is an Islamic group who tends to ignore the main principles of Islam. These two Islamic groups spread widely in Indonesian Islamic society. 

  6. PENDEKATAN SOSIOLOGI PENGETAHUAN KIRI ISLAM HASAN HANAFÎ

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    Abdulloh Hanif

    2015-08-01

    Full Text Available The Islamic Left was not born out of a vacuum. It is a manifestation of a particular social constructs. The Islamic Left is H}asan H}anafî’s thought which is based on his experiences. As to view the Islamic Left as a social reality, sociology of knowledge will be used. The sociology of knowledge not only rejects the notion that social reality is born from a vacuum, but it also analyzes the socially constructed reality, and how the reality was accepted by society as a fact. Therefore, the sociology of knowledge will analyze process of the formation of the Islamic Left as a social reality, and how the Islamic Left can be seen and accepted by society. In an objective reality, the Islamic Left is a discourse of thought of a particular experience with the aim of revolution. While in a subjective reality, the Islamic Left can be considered as an individual who was born at a time when human values are at stake in the history of life, either in a global context or in a context of Islam itself. Thus, it builds awareness that distinguishes him/herself psychologically with others. This study expects the ideas contained in the Islamic Left to be used widely to analyze different contexts so that the application of the Islamic Left ideas can be viewed.

  7. Framing Islam-related issues during GE13: An analysis of Malaysian mainstream newspapers

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    Aini Maznina A.Manaf

    2015-06-01

    Full Text Available Abstract: The two major political coalitions in Malaysia are Barisan Nasional  (BN and Pakatan Rakyat (PR, which are dominated by the Malay-Muslim majority. During the 13th national election, to gain public votes, the government used mainstream newspapers to frame Islam-related issues. This research focuses on the characterisation and information reported about Islam and Muslims during the 13th General Election. Using content analysis, we examine the coverage of such issues by the mainstream newspapers: Berita Harian, Utusan Malaysia, New Straits Times, and The Star. This analysis aims to provide a holistic review of the scope of the coverage during the period with a focus on how the Malaysian government framed Islam-related issues through the print media in order to gain the Malay votes. A total of 178 news articles were analysed, from which we found that 15 dominant issues were reported in the newspapers during that period. Among the most frequently reported Islam-related issues were hudud (prescribed punishments, Islamic state, and kalimah Allah (the word “Allah”, which were predominantly covered by the Malay newspapers. In addition, the data indicated that most of the news were inclined towards supporting the ruling coalition, i.e., Barisan Nasional.

  8. Islam, Context, Pluralism and Democracy : Classical and Modern Interpretations,

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Ellethy, Y.

    2017-01-01

    Islam, Context, Pluralism and Democracy aspires to clarify the tensions and congruences between the revelational and the rational, the text and the context, the limits and the horizons of contextualization in Islam, as these emanate from the Islamic interpretative tradition.

  9. Islamic values in the Kuwaiti curriculum

    Science.gov (United States)

    Alshahen, Ghanim A.

    This study investigated the influence of Islamic values on the curriculum, in particular the Islamic studies and science curricula. Three questionnaires were developed, validated, and used to investigate teachers' and pupils' attitudes toward Islamic values in the curriculum. Four main sections deal with Islamic values in the Islamic studies and science curricula, namely: Islamic values in the textbook, teaching Islamic values, the relationship between Islamic values and the science curriculum, and the Islamic values model. Two instruments were used in this study: questionnaires and interviews. Both qualitative and quantitative data were generated from the sample, which consisted of Islamic studies and science teachers and supervisors in intermediate schools, and pupils studying in the eighth grade in intermediate schools. In the last case, the data were gathered by questionnaire only. The interviews and questionnaires provided explanatory data. The research was carried out in three phases, considering respectively 55 Islamic studies teachers, 55 science teachers who teach the eighth grade in intermediate schools, and 786 pupils who study in the eighth grade in 20 schools. In each school, the researcher selected two classes. This thesis consists of eight chapters. Chapter One provides a general introduction and highlights the general framework of this study. Chapter Two is concerned with the development of the education system in Kuwait and the objectives of the Islamic studies and science curricula in the intermediate stage. Chapter Three presents the conceptions of values, the Islamic values model, and Islamic values in the curriculum. Chapter Four describes the objectives of the study, and its research design methods and procedures used to develop the instruments. The sampling procedure, the data collection procedures, and the statistical methods used to analyse the data are also described. Chapter Five presents and interprets the findings of this study. Data

  10. Islam re-observed: sanctity, salafism and islamism

    OpenAIRE

    Addi , Lahouari

    2009-01-01

    Clifford Geertz analyzed religious change in Morocco by developing an approach to Islam that uses both history and anthropology. His analysis is rooted in his conception of anthropology as a discipline whose focus is culture, a system of meanings through which human beings exchange goods and symbols. In traditional societies, religion has a particular place in this system where it plays a political role of legitimation. European domination provoked change in Morocco, including the decline of ...

  11. ISLAMIC PERSPECTIVE ON MARITAL RAPE

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    Muhammad Endriyo Susila

    2015-06-01

    Full Text Available Marital rape has become a controversial issue in many countries including Indonesia. For the majority of the Indonesian people, it is impossible for rape to take place inside the marriage institution, however some other peoples believe that it possibly occurs. Since it is considered as a kind of rape anyway, those who agree with that concept, insist on the government of Indonesia to qualify marital rape as an offence. This is sounded usually by the human rights activists, especially the feminists. This research is aimed to elaborate the legal position of what so-call marital rape in Islam. As a country whose population is majority Muslim, it can be understood that the development of the Indonesian law is influenced by the Islamic values. This research provide an important reference to deal with the issue of the criminalization of marital rape in Indonesia.Since the research focuses more on the study of legal materials from various sources, it is qualified as a normative legal research. To support the collection of data, interview upon the competent legal experts has also been exercised. The standard of qualification of the legal experts involving in the interview are those who are interested in Islamic Law, especially Islamic Family law as well as Islamic Criminal Law.    Based on the research finding, it is found that the type of the relationship between husband and wife as suggested in Islamic teaching naturaly prevents the what so-call marital rape to occur. It is difficult to imagine the existence of marital rape inside the Muslim familes, since the husband is bound with the obligation to treat her wife well (mu’asyarah bil ma’ruf. In sexual matter, the doctrine of mu’asyarah bil ma’ruf can be applied by respecting the need and the willingness of the wife in sexual matter. Meaning to say, the husband is obliged to fulfill his wife sexual desire in one side, and in the other side he is not allowed to force her wife for sex when she

  12. Efikasi Kendiri: Perbandingan Antara Islam dan Barat

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    Noornajihan, J.

    2014-12-01

    Full Text Available Terminologi efikasi kendiri (EK merupakan terminologi yang diperkenalkan dalam ilmu psikologi sekitar tahun 70-an. Namun, istilah ini masih kurang difahami oleh kebanyakan individu terutama mereka yang bukan berlatar belakangkan bidang psikologi. Oleh itu, satu keperluan hasil penulisan ini diketengahkan, memandangkan konsep ini penting dalam diri setiap individu bagi memacu kecemerlangan diri. Justeru, kertas kerja ini akan mengupas serba ringkas mengenai konsep EK dari perspektif Islam dan Barat, dengan melihat kepada beberapa titik persamaan dan perbezaan antara kedua-dua pandangan. Islam dan Barat bersetuju bahawa individu yang memiliki EK yang tinggi merupakan individu yang berfikiran positif, berani mengambil risiko dan tidak mudah berputus. Namun pandangan Islam terhadap konsep ini lebih luas, kerana Islam mengaitkan konsep ini dengan konsep tauhid uluhiyyah dan konsep manusia sebagai ahsan al-taqwim. Oleh demikian, EK dari perspektif Islam lebih bersifat kekal dan umum, di samping individu yang berefikasi tinggi menurut Islam ialah individu yang memiliki sifat sabar, syukur, redha dan redha.

  13. Pendidikan Islam dalam Sistem Pendidikan Nasional

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Fathul Jannah

    2013-12-01

    Full Text Available Islamic educationis an integral part of the National Education System. As part of the national educational system, Islamic education gets legitimacy to exist and get a place to live and thrive in Indonesia to meet need of education for Muslims. Accommodation to the Islamic education system and make the system of Islamic education institutions have a strong foundation to be developed with the support of funds and attention from the state. Therefore, the state is obliged to develop Islamic educational system as a kind of religious education in the national education system. In the system of national education, Islamic education as a system of religious education is carried out in different lines of formal, informal and non-formal.

  14. Pemberdayaan Masyarakat Dalam Perspektif Pendidikan Islam

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    Najahah Najahah

    2016-09-01

    Full Text Available Conceptually, education based community is a model of education provision which is based on the principle of community, by community and to community. Education of community means education providing the answers of communities' needs. Education by community means society is placed as the subject or the educational actors, not the objects of education. In this context, communities are demanded their role and active participation in any educational program. Indonesian society is muslims majority, so Islamic Education is needed in order to implement Islamic values ​​in everyday life. The human empowerment in Islamic education perspective is through Islamic boarding school education, Da'wah Islamiyah, the assembly of study groups, the establishment of foundations or Islamic organizations, with the levels of RA, MI, MTs, MA, Islamic Education in the family or the worship places, Al-Qur'an education institutions of TPA or TPQ, and other Institutions.

  15. IMPLEMENTASI SUPERVISI KLINIS DALAM PENDIDIKAN AGAMA ISLAM

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Saiful Arif

    2008-07-01

    Full Text Available Pendidikan Agama Islam perlu dilakukan langkahlangkah inovasi, termasuk pengembangan guru agama yang merupakan upaya terus-menerus dari suatu organisasi profesi keguruan. Pengembagan profesi guru agama Islam diarahkan pada peningkatan karir, pengetahuan, dan keterampilan yang dapat dilaksanakan secara formal dan informal. Pengembangan formal diselenggarakan dan menjadi tanggung jawab institusi penyelenggara pendidikan agama Islam itu, baik melalui penataran, tugas belajar, lokakarya dan sejenisnya. Sedangkan pengembangan informal merupakan tanggungjawab guru agama Islam yang dilaksanakan sendiri atau bersama dengan rekan kerjanya. Hambatan terhadap upaya ini timbul karena guru agama Islam sering terlalu terikat dengan pekerjaan rutinitas, kurangnya penyediaan sarana dan prasarana, dan atau kurang termotivasi diri dalam upaya mengembangkan profesionalitasnya. Sudah tentu pada aspek ini dibutuhkan adanya bantuan dan bimbingan dari seorang supervisor pendidikan Agama Islam, dan disinilah dibutuhkan adanya pelaksanaan supervisi klinis.

  16. PERKEMBANGAN ISLAM DI INDONESIA PASCA KEMERDEKAAN

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    Beti Yanuri Posha

    2015-08-01

    Full Text Available Islam is a religion that put the principles of truth and justice for all its adherents. Factors that encourage Muslims to achieve independence are factors Ideology, political, economic, social and cultural. In Indonesia, Islam has an important role in education. Islamic education in Indonesia is given in three sectors, namely formal, informal and non-formal. After Indonesian independence, the issue of religious education received serious attention from the government, both in public and private schools, and has established educational institutions, especially schools and a mosque which has become a bastion of Islam that is so strong effect. Therefore, it is important to reassess how the development of Islam in Indonesia as well as the development of Islamic education institutions in Indonesia after independence.

  17. PEMBERDAYAAN MASYARAKAT DALAM PERSPEKTIF PENDIDIKAN ISLAM

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Najahah Najahah

    2016-09-01

    Full Text Available ABSTRACT Conceptually, education based community is a model of education provision which is based on the principle of community, by community and to community. Education of community means education providing the answers of communities' needs. Education by community means society is placed as the subject or the educational actors, not the objects of education. In this context, communities are demanded their role and active participation in any educational program. Indonesian society is muslims majority, so Islamic Education is needed in order to implement Islamic values in everyday life. The human empowerment in Islamic education perspective is through Islamic boarding school education, Da'wah Islamiyah, the assembly of study groups, the establishment of foundations or Islamic organizations, with the levels of RA, MI, MTs, MA, Islamic Education in the family or the worship places, Al-Qur'an education institutions of TPA or TPQ, and other Institutions.

  18. Shari’ah concepts in Islamic banking

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Botis, S.

    2013-12-01

    Full Text Available The paper analyses the main Shari’ah concepts in Islamic banking, a system which operates in accordance with the Islamic law principles, the most important being the prohibition against the payment or acceptance of interest charges (riba, replaced by profit-and-loss-sharing arrangements(PLS, Mudharabah. Also, the paper presents a survey of the historical evolution of the Islamic banking system in Muslim countries, starting with the first Islamic bank, early in the 60’s, Mit Ghamr Local Savings Bank in Egypt. In conclusion, the Islamic banking system is a rapid growth one. It is expected that this presentation will be helpful in increasing the interest in the Islamic principles of banking and financing.

  19. JANENGAN SEBAGAI SENI TRADISIONAL ISLAM-JAWA

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Akhmad Arif Junaidi

    2013-12-01

    Tulisan ini dilatarbelakangi satu realitas budaya yang dihasilkan dari kehidupan masyarakat Muslim Jawa khususnya seni musik tradisional Islam-Jawa. Ekspresi kebudayaan Islam-Jawa dalam seni musik ini sangat beragam dan mencerminkan keberagaman “wajah” Islam yang telah beradaptasi dengan budaya lokal. Musik tradisional Islam-Jawa Janengan merupakan perwujudan dari perpaduan tiga unsur tradisi musik, yakni tradisi musik Jawa, tradisi musik Islam Timur Tengah (Arab dan kini telah dikembangkan dengan kombinasi musik Barat seperti pop. Perpaduan ketiga unsur tradisi musik yang berbeda ini membentuk suatu hasil kreativitas yang unik bercirikan musik Jawa. Musik tradisional Islam-Jawa ini juga melahirkan nilai-nilai yang meliputi nilai-nilai musikal, nilai-nilai kultural, dan nilai-nilai religius. Secara tematik syair-syair Janengan berisi berbagai ajaran seperti akidah (tauhid, syari’at dan tasawuf.

  20. Islamic Reform in Malaya: The Contribution of Shaykh Tahir Jalaluddin

    OpenAIRE

    Hafiz Zakariya

    2005-01-01

    Abstract: Reformation of religion does not entail changing the very teaching of Islam or the introduction of un-Islamic elements into Islam. Rather reformation of religion is a return to the original sources of Islam as practiced during the period of the Prophet (SAS) and early generations of muslims, unadulterated by the practices and beliefs that contravened Islam. This salafī reformist discourse, as the historical evidence shows, was adopted by Shaykh Tahir in his attempts to reform Islam ...

  1. Islamic studies and religious reform. Ignaz goldziher - A crossroads of judaism, christianity and islam

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Jung, Dietrich

    2013-01-01

    In light of the dichotomous representation of the relationship between Islam and the West, the life and work of Ignaz Goldziher appears to be an utter anachronism. By applying the methodologies of Protestant biblical criticism to the study of Islamic traditions, the Hungarian scholar of Islam and...

  2. Teaching Islam in Contemporary America: Digital Ethnography and the Affective Challenges of Islamic Studies Pedagogy

    Science.gov (United States)

    Dorroll, Courtney; Dorroll, Phil

    2017-01-01

    In this article we address the affective dimensions and challenges of teaching about Islam and Islamic studies in the current American political and cultural environment and make two related arguments. First, we explain how the impact of certain kinds of digital media in the past few years has heightened the association of Islam with violence in…

  3. Colonial traces? Islamic dress, gender and the public presence of Islam

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Moors, A.

    2011-01-01

    Controversies about Islamic dress have become common-place in Europe since the later 1980s, with state regulations targeting both the Islamic headscarf and later the face-veil. Such present-day attempt to regulate Islamic head coverings resonate with how Muslim women’s dress has been the focus of

  4. RELEVANSI PENDIDIKAN KRITIS PAULO FREIRE DENGAN PENDIDIKAN ISLAM

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Muhammad Zamroji

    2017-01-01

    Full Text Available Education represent process humanize human being which is plan and is continual. In Islam, education become system sub owning separate urgency in supporting intelectuality dimension and of spiritualitas Islam people. But reality that happened these days, frequently show education face which do not in line with principle of humanization. Education system which have there is and establish during the time can be pledged by as a "bank" (educational of concept banking where student given by science to be thereof is later expected by an multiple result. Become protege is invesment obyek and source of deposit potential, teacher become active subyek, protege is malleable passive obyek. As strategic step, education world have to reconstruct idea of education. One of them is Paulo Freire which intensively keen criticism to education reality, Freire is famous figure with critical education concept of him, he tread on at principle of humanization the which critical approach represent step early in developing critical natural existence in education as reference think objective and offer one of the method alternative and strategy conception study. By tread on at critical education paradigm, education expected can awaken critical natural existence, creative ability, freedom in apresiation, and critical awareness of educative participant. For that, pattern of paedagogi becoming especial patron used in course of learning to teach at education system during the time have to change with pattern education of more opening andragogi of opportunity to educative participant to participate actively is, critical, and creative in course of learning to teach. Relate at concept education of Islam, basically education of Islam very is emphasizing of liberation and humanization as education orientation, and also place educative participant and educator both of the same as subjek in course of learning to teach. Because, Paradigm education of Islam base entire/all idea, target

  5. How Islamism Imperils the Western Liberal Order

    Science.gov (United States)

    2017-02-13

    city on a hill, a beacon of hope for the world to emulate. In this vein, American liberal democracy is the example for individual freedom and...highly flexible and adaptable religion . One can pair the idea of the religion of Islam with a host of ideologies and concepts. Islamic Modernism2...or Islamist? Since 1697, many authors, including Voltaire and Tocqueville for example, used the term Islamism to refer primarily to the religion of

  6. Conference on Islamic Accounting and Finance

    OpenAIRE

    AYAYDIN, Hasan

    2016-01-01

    Abstract. Hasan Kalyoncu Univeristy organized first of its conference series as “Conference on Islamic Accounting and Finance” themed on October 27-28, 2016 in Gaziantep, Turkey. Conference on Islamic Accounting and Finance aims to establish an academic forum for scholars, researchers and practitioners to exchange their ideas about aspects of Islamic accounting, auditing, business ethics and financial reporting. Submitted papers as well as presentations and discussions at the conference were ...

  7. isk governance: Experience of Islamic banks

    OpenAIRE

    Siti Rohaya Mat Rahim; Fauziah Mahat

    2015-01-01

    Risk governance has evolved tremendously in the banking industry. Risk governance recommends the imperative roles of Chief Risk Officer (CRO) to oversee risk. This study explores risk governance influence over the Islamic banks performances. Multivariate analysis techniques measure simultaneously via Structural Equation Modelling (SEM). This study employed cross-sectional sample of 200 Islamic banks across 21 countries for the year 2014. To examine risk governance and Islamic banks performanc...

  8. Islamic Contracts of Finance in Malaysia

    OpenAIRE

    Richards, Matt

    2003-01-01

    This paper explores the legal issues that arise in several of the principal instruments currently used in Islamic financing in Malaysia. Through the document review, it is submitted that these financial instruments consist of English-Malaysian commercial law, albeit set within an Islamic periphery. A consideration of how Islamic law could affect the litigation of these instruments is also undertaken and it is further submitted that given the current statutory and judicial framework...

  9. The Economics of Islamic Finance and Securitization

    OpenAIRE

    Andreas Jobst

    2007-01-01

    Islamic lending transactions are governed by the precepts of the shariah, which bans interest and stipulates that income must be derived as return from entrepreneurial investment. Since Islamic finance is predicated on asset backing and specific credit participation in identified business risk, structuring shariah-compliant securitization seems straightforward. This paper explains the fundamental legal principles of Islamic finance, which includes the presentation of a valuation model that he...

  10. Perkembangan Islam Di Indonesia Pasca Kemerdekaan

    OpenAIRE

    Posha, Beti Yanuri

    2015-01-01

    Islam is a religion that put the principles of truth and justice for all its adherents. Factors that encourage Muslims to achieve independence are factors Ideology, political, economic, social and cultural. In Indonesia, Islam has an important role in education. Islamic education in Indonesia is given in three sectors, namely formal, informal and non-formal. After Indonesian independence, the issue of religious education received serious attention from the government, both in public and priva...

  11. RELATION BETWEEN ISLAMIC BANK AND CENTRAL BANK

    OpenAIRE

    PAKSOY, H. Mustafa; ABAROSS, Nour

    2015-01-01

    This study deals with the nature of Islamic banks and their features, and requirements of these features in terms of control tools and methods appropriate with the particularity of their business and their relation with the traditional central bank. At the same time aims to view the relationship between Islamic bank and central bank. To explain this relation the researcher started to explain what is the central bank, objectives of central bank, and characteristics, what is Islamic bank and ob...

  12. Islamic Book and Information Culture: An Overview

    OpenAIRE

    Paul L. Hover

    2007-01-01

    This overview, the second article in an exploratory study of the information seeking (IS) behavior of a group of eighty-four reference librarians from Egypt and the USA, is intended to assist readers less familiar with Islamic history to better understand cross-cultural influences on Arab IS behavior. A description of pre-Islamic poetry and orality precedes a discussion of the importance of the Koran and Islamic traditions on the development of a religious, scribal society. Oral transmission ...

  13. SISTEM KEYAKINAN DAN AJARAN ISLAM ABOGE

    OpenAIRE

    Falinda, Falinda

    2015-01-01

    This article discusses and analyzes the belief systems of Aboge Islamic community. In Java, Islam has a unique variant. It is correlated with how Islam spreads and process its acculturation with existed Javanese culture. To examine the belief systems and practices of this ritual, the data collected through observation, interviews, and documentation. This article suggests that religious teachings and beliefs of the Aboge Javanese Muslim Community are taught for generations. A...

  14. Sistem Keyakinan Dan Ajaran Islam Aboge

    OpenAIRE

    Falinda, Falinda

    2012-01-01

    This article discusses and analyzes the belief systems of AbogeIslamic community. In Java, Islam has a unique variant. It is correlatedwith how Islam spreads and process its acculturation with existed Javaneseculture. To examine the belief systems and practices of this ritual, thedata collected through observation, interviews, and documentation. Thisarticle suggests that religious teachings and beliefs of the Aboge JavaneseMuslim Community are taught for generations. Aboge adherents say thatt...

  15. Islamic women's organisations on the West Bank

    OpenAIRE

    Kjøstvedt, Hilde

    2011-01-01

    Islamic organisations’ role in improving women’s position in society is often dismissed. Instead, they are believed to be devoted to charitable work and entrench patriarchal structures in line with traditional religious norms rather than challenge them. This brief nuances this picture, and describes some of the goals and activities of Islamic women’s organisations on the West Bank. In addition, the brief highlights factors that challenge the allegations that Islamic women’s organisations are ...

  16. Paramater Prestasi Kerja Dalam Perspektif Islam

    OpenAIRE

    Juliandi, Azuar

    2014-01-01

    Performance appraisal in the view of Islam has not been much studied by Islamic scholars, particularly who focused on the areas of management. During the time, performance parameters of the discourse in the literature of human resource management was the conventional view. The views of conventional, not necessarily in accordance with Islamic values. Most conventional literature suggests about the values of performance only oriented to the life of the world and the material itself, not for the...

  17. Parameter prestasi kerja dalam perspektif Islam

    OpenAIRE

    Juliandi, Azuar

    2017-01-01

    Performance appraisal in the view of Islam has not been much studied by Islamic scholars, particularly who focused on the areas of management. During the time, performance parameters of the discourse in the literature of human resource management was the conventional view. The views of conventional, not necessarily in accordance with Islamic values. Most conventional literature suggests about the values of performance only oriented to the life of the world and the material itself, not f...

  18. Rosettes, Engrailed Edges, and Star-Shaped Patterns: Between Rediscovery and Forgetfulness in the Early Accounts of Vibrating Liquid Drops Floating over Hot Surfaces.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Stewart, Seán M

    2017-12-01

    Small drops of liquid brought into contact with very hot surfaces float above it as beautiful, slightly flattened spheroids without coming to the boil. An example of film boiling, drops that are sessile can often suddenly and quite unexpectedly start to oscillate forming highly symmetric patterns of surprising pulchritude. The rim of these oscillating drops take on "star-shaped" patterns with many different modes of vibration possible. Still an object of study today, their discovery, early accounts, rediscovery and ensuing controversies over claims of priority, before quietly slipping away from the collective memory of the scientific community to become all but forgotten makes for a compelling story in the early history of film boiling. The episode serves not only as a valuable reminder of the importance the history of science can play in highlighting past achievements that would otherwise remain unknown to the modern practitioner. It also provides an example of how external pressures and personal ambition can often influence the work of a scientist in their pursuit of self-recognition and acclaim amongst their peers. Copyright © 2017 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

  19. PENGUJIAN VARIABEL MAKRO EKONOMI TERHADAP JAKARTA ISLAMIC INDEX

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Farida Titik Kristanti

    2017-03-01

    Full Text Available Stock price behavior patterns determined the pattern of return received. Stock price was not only determined bycompany profits but also influenced by economic factors, political, and financial of state. The objective of thisresearch was to examine the effect of macro economy variables, namely inflation, Interest rate, and foreignexchange to Jakarta Islamic Index in the long term and short term in 2008-2012 periods. This study usedsecondary data, while the methods of analysis used were the data stationary test (Augmented Dickey Fuller,co-integration test and error correction model. The results of this study indicated that all the variables had beenstationary. Co-integration test showed that there was a long-term relationship among the variables. There wasa long term relationship among inflation, interest rates and foreign exchange rates to the Jakarta Islamic Indexfor 2008-2009 periods, while the Error Correction Model test showed that there was a short-term relationshipamong inflation, interest rates and foreign exchange rates to the Jakarta Islamic Index for 2008-2009 periods.

  20. Stars and Star Myths.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Eason, Oliver

    Myths and tales from around the world about constellations and facts about stars in the constellations are presented. Most of the stories are from Greek and Roman mythology; however, a few Chinese, Japanese, Polynesian, Arabian, Jewish, and American Indian tales are also included. Following an introduction, myths are presented for the following 32…

  1. Strategies for Combating Islamic State

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Timothy Sands

    2016-08-01

    Full Text Available The Islamic State in Iraq and Syria (ISIS announced the formation of the “Islamic Caliphate” as an alternative to modern states, on 29 June 2014 (the first day of Ramadan. The ISIS vision shared by other global jihadist organizations such as al-Qaeda is an apocalyptic post-state. Many authors very quickly evolve from the idea of the potential threat to either the U.S. or its allies to a requisite necessity of strong military action by the U.S. to defeat ISIS. Something frequently absent in analyses of U.S. reactions to ISIS is the capabilities, responsibilities, and opinions and desires of neighboring Gulf countries. This paper will incorporate attitudes and opinions of Gulf countries to imply responsibilities to deal with ISIS prior to considering potential U.S. actions.

  2. Islamic Canon law encounters South African financing and banking ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Islamic Canon law encounters South African financing and banking institutions: Prospects and possibilities for Islamic economic empowerment and Black Economic Empowerment in a Democratic South Africa.

  3. Research Performances of Organization of Islamic Conference (OIC) Members.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Khoubnasabjafari, Maryam; Sadeghifar, Eliza; Khalili, Majid; Ansarin, Khalil; Jouyban, Abolghasem

    2012-01-01

    Scientometric analysis of academic institutions provides useful information for policy makers, international and national organizations to invest in the research fields of the institutions to gain more outputs with less cost. The objectives of this work were to report a scientometric analysis of Islamic states considering a number of indicators. The number of articles and patents published by members of organization of Islamic conference were extracted from Scopus(TM) along with the top journals, authors, document type, universities, language of the publications and subjects. The analyses of data revealed that Turkey is the leading country followed by Iran, Egypt, Malaysia and Nigeria when total numbers of indexed articles in Scopus(TM) are considered. When the articles of 2006-2010 are considered the ranks are Turkey, Iran, Malaysia, Egypt and Pakistan. the increased pattern was observed for scientific performances of OIC members however, more investments are required to fill the gap between OIC members and the leading countries.

  4. Islam and Democracy: Conflicts and Congruence

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Md Nazrul Islam

    2017-05-01

    Full Text Available Is authoritarianism intrinsic to Islam? Is Islam incompatible with democracy? These questions are frequently debated in the context of the study of the relationship between the Western and Islamic civilization. The debate has gained momentum since the last decade of the twentieth century, especially after the collapse of the former Soviet Union and the subsequent transition of socialist states in Eastern Europe and other authoritarian states in Asia and Latin America to democracy. The publication of The Clash of Civilizations by American scholar Samuel Huntington, in which he presented a controversial argument about a cultural divide and clash between the Islamic world and the West, pushed the debate even further. Apart from Muslim intellectuals, Western academics have spent a significant amount of time on these questions, with a multitude of articles and volumes examining the compatibility of Islam and democracy. In this paper, we will examine Islam’s relationship with democracy from normative and philosophical viewpoints, examining how the established values and principles of Islam as reflected in the Qur’anic and prophetic traditions correspond to Western democratic norms and practices. In order to obtain a profound understanding of this subject, we have delved into, through content analysis, the thoughts of several early modernist Islamic scholars who have had tremendous impact on contemporary Islamic revivalist movements throughout the world, and interviewed a number of contemporary Islamic thinkers in Bangladesh.

  5. PASANG SURUT HUBUNGAN ISLAM-BARAT

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Salman Hamdani

    2016-11-01

    Full Text Available This paper is a literature review (literature research that uses John Esposito’s books as primary data sources and other figures’ statements about the relationship between Islam and the West as its secondary data source. The method of analyzing data used descriptive, interpretative, and analytical methods. The findings of this research are: first, based on historical fact, there is strong theological bond between Islam and the West, i.e. there are common ground and similarities between Islam and the West who inherited the Jewish and Christian traditions. These three religions inherited the tradition of Prophet Ibrahim. However, existing theological equation between Christianity and Islam became the cause of the collision between the two. Second, the historical problems between Islam and the West can be seen from the root of the conflicts, which include theological and political ones. Conflict between Islam and the West are covered with political motives. In contrast, religion is only used as a theological justification to culturally and theologically distinguish Islam and the West. Basically the difference is more driven by political interests. Third, as an effort to build a global coalition agreement, both sides should actively promote cooperation. Therefore, the most important thing is that the meet between Islam and the West should be interpreted as a civilization dialogue, not confrontation or distrust. the Building ideal relationship as well as the need for harmonization between Islam and Western civilization are also needed.

  6. DAKWAH MELALUI BIMBINGAN DAN KONSELING ISLAM

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Baidi Buchori

    2014-08-01

    DAKWA THROUGH GUIDANCE AND COUNSELLING ISLAM. This study is a description of the dakwa through guidance counseling islam yang aims to provide Islamic solutions to problems in the life. Now the method that I will use in this study is a descriptive analysis method where the author depicts the data from some relevant opinions from various sources and then analyze it, to produce an alternative that is more effective and relatively new in dakwa, namely through  guidance counseling Islam.  Then dakwa  must be packed in the proper method of actual, faktual, and contextual  learning. In the actual meaning of troubleshooting  cotemporary  in society,  factual in the sense of a real (not just a theory, and contextual learning in the meaning of relevant and related to the  problem faced by the community. One of the approaches to convey a message of dakwa is through  the guidance  and counseling activities  of Islam.  Dakwa through guidance and counselling Islam has some characteristics of the establishment of personal relations between the leaders and the LED, oriented on the troubleshooting , delivering the message that has been programd and the existence of the specified target. In addition, Dakwa through guidance and counselling Islam also have other characteristics, trying to raise awareness  to internalise values/Islamic teachings in certain circles that  very specific and individual. Keywords : Dakwa, Guidance and Counselling Islam

  7. Secular Islam and the Rhetoric of Humanity

    OpenAIRE

    Kharputly, Nadeen Sh B

    2017-01-01

    “Secular Islam and the Rhetoric of Humanity” examines competing notions of humanity in representations of Islam in the United States from the Civil Rights period to the present. In post-9/11 representations, Islam is rhetorically “humanized” by the dominant culture in attempts to determine Islam’s role in the United States. This humanizing framework not only presumes an inherent lack of humanity in Islam; it establishes the ideal of the human as white, rational, and secular. To critique this ...

  8. TINJAUAN HISTORIS AKAR PENCARIAN ILMU DALAM ISLAM

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Asna Andriani

    2014-11-01

    Full Text Available According to Jacques C. Reiser opinion that during 500 years Islam was empowered whole world accompaniying by strength, science and a great civilization. There are many islamic contribution to the world’s civilization and education, such as finding some mathematic concepts, medicinal treatments, and gave contribution for renaisance and enlighment age in Europe. This progress which was produced by islamic civilization, especially the science field was previoused by moeslem spirit and effort within searching for the science before. This papper will explain the historical study abaut the foundation of islamic science searching and its developing started at prophet periode untill the middle age (Abbasiya periode.

  9. Partai Islam dalam Dinamika Demokrasi di Indonesia

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Gonda Yumitro

    2014-05-01

    Full Text Available Some surveys showed that though Islamic parties had significant supports in 1999 and 2004 elections and their existences are in the largest Muslim population in the world, the current development indicates the decline supports of people on them. This paper will analyze various factors which cause such phenomena and predict the Islamic parties position on 2014 election. The result found that Islamic parties will face tough position on next election because of democracy, Indonesian Islamic characteristics and history, the competence of Islamic parties, and other external factors. The democracy causes a lot of problems, like the conflict among Islamic groups in Indonesia, which had dark history as the consequence of the politization of Islam by the elites. Moreover, the involvement of Islamic parties in Indonesian politics has not able to solve the real problems within the society, such as poverty, unemployment, corruption, etc. Unfortunately, the public opinion and education characters in Indonesia also don’t support the Islamic political parties position.

  10. ANALISIS TINGKAT KEJENUHAN BANK ISLAM DI INDONESIA

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Meri Indri Hapsari

    2015-07-01

    Full Text Available The research conducted to find out the effect of the number of Islamic banking offices, finance to deposit ratio (FDR, and financing growth to the Islamic bank saturation level in Indonesia. The research used panel data analysis with fixed effect model (FEM as its best estimation model. The result of this research shows that number of Islamic banking offices, Financing Direct Ratio (FDR, and financing growth have a significant effect to the Islamic banking saturation simultaneously. Partially, only number of offices has a significant effect, but FDR and financing growth are not significant.

  11. KONSEP JIHAD DALAM PERSPEKTIF ISLAM

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Rif’at Husnul Ma’afi

    2012-03-01

    Full Text Available It was a fatal mistake when terrorism equated with the doctrine of jihad in Islam. Terrorism in Arabic word termed as al-Irhab is not taught in the Qur’an. Even in Surah al-Anfal: 60 wrote the word “turhibûna”, but it can’t be used as the argument that terrorism is taught Islam. The word “turhibûna” here is more to frighten the enemy on the battlefield. By studying the turats and contemporary books, this simple paper triesto explore some of the misunderstandings about jihad. Then, those errors will be corrected by refering to the original opinion of the Muslim scholars, which in this paper refered to Ibn Qayyim al-Jawzi’s opinions. The results of the study showed that this misunderstanding lied on the meaning and concept of jihad. As understood by some people that jihad is a war in the path of Allah (fi sabilillah only. In fact, the realm of jihadis very wide. Ibn Qayyim explained that jihad consists of 13 levels. These levels can be reduced to four parts, which one of them is fighting the infidels. Jihad against the infidels is not using the weapons. There are several steps that must be passed, so that jihad to infidels can be done. Of this division is also seen that the jihad war is not the onlysolution used by Islam in upholding Allah’s name (kalimatullah. So, this paper is expected to be able to describe the jihad in Islam based on the Qur’an and Prophetic traditions.

  12. Islamic State and Chemical Weapons

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Lukáš Rafay

    2016-09-01

    Full Text Available The article deals with topic of Islamic State and chemical weapons. The issue is analysed in three dimensions: origin of used chemical weapons and possibility of independent production; known chemical attacks and tactical regularities in their execution; and traits of future chemical terrorist attacks. By providing a thorough examination of the problem, the article aims at predicting the future development of the group’s chemical program as well as describing any prospective chemical terrorist attacks in Europe

  13. JEWISH SUFISM IN MEDIEVAL ISLAM

    OpenAIRE

    Epafras, Leonard C.

    2011-01-01

    This article is a literary research and preliminary examination to a unique interaction between Jews and Sufism that taken place in medieval Islamic ruling. In the face of the present antagonistic posture of Jews and Muslims relationship that dominates the public sphere, in history, there are some examples of interaction of the two people beyond confictual narrative. One of them is Jewish mysticism that adopted Sufism into their spiritual ideal, which took place in the medieval era. We might ...

  14. Countering Islamic Radicalization Indonesian Experiences

    Science.gov (United States)

    2016-02-16

    promote values and beliefs that create the impression that controlling and maintaining current global structure benefits all, when in fact it works...success in a globalized and digital world. Most of the Islamic school students also got outdoor activities such as sports, farming, hiking , marching... benefiting from a bigger audience, and spreads the terror almost instantaneously, because the main victims of the attacks are the people who watch the

  15. Kepemimpinan Visioner Dalam Perspektif Islam

    OpenAIRE

    BUDIMAN, HARIS

    2017-01-01

    The Visionary Leadership is its significant role to improve the institution is including in educational institution. The Visionary Leadership is one of leadership is considered to increase the educational quality today. The Visionary Leadership is the model of leadership is convinced more of human being as it to carry out the future modernity in the Islamic educational institution. Because, this model is its the biggest competency to know, to get the attitude and to get the response of modern...

  16. Sejarah Perkembangan Pemikiran Ushuifiqh (Analisis Legislasi Hukum Islam Dalam Lintas Sejarah

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Irkham Afifianto

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available Idea of Islamic study reechoing lickety split in Islam world prove, that Islam as a experience of diaspora which do not be barricaded. Reconditional movement of idea with various its pattern a undoubtedly history. Therefore movement idea of Islamic study will always follow history motion that happened that moment. So, that Islam is blessing religion of lil’alamin accomplishment to all life manual fiht poorness, and realize prosperity in all human life aspect and also lift unemployment. In the fild of Islam economics property of orders representing fringes in transaction with model which have been determined and enabled, like merchant, message, pawn, transfer of, association, federation of trade association and farmer. In accomplishment to problem of sosial-keagamaan above, hence from that we need solution in around method or peripheral in searching solution problems of life that happened around us. In this case according to economizing writer that is us shall have knowledge science of ushul sources and fih intake of law or which is frequent to be known as al-Syari Mashadir’ or al-Ahkam ushul or of Adillat al-Ahkam, as peripheral which we require in accomplishment of our life intention

  17. Interfaith education: An Islamic perspective

    Science.gov (United States)

    Pallavicini, Yahya Sergio Yahe

    2016-08-01

    According to a teaching of the Prophet Muhammad, "the quest for knowledge is the duty of each Muslim, male or female", where knowledge is meant as the discovery of the real value of things and of oneself in relationship with the world in which God has placed us. This universal dimension of knowledge is in fact a wealth of wisdom of the traditional doctrine naturally linked to the cultural and spiritual heritage of every human being and every believer of every faith. It allows for the respect of internal and external differences as positive elements of the cultural and spiritual heritage of mankind. In this sense, intercultural and interfaith education plays a fundamental role and fits naturally within the Islamic religious education framework. The author of this article is Vice-President and Imam of the Islamic Religious Community in Italy (Comunità Religiosa Islamica [COREIS] Italiana), an organisation which has been providing teachers and students with training on Islam and interfaith dialogue for almost twenty years with the support of the regional and national offices of the Italian Ministry of Public Education. Referring to existing interreligious and intercultural societies such as Azerbaijan, and a number of successful initiatives and projects, several of which COREIS is involved in, he demonstrates how interfaith education can effectively contribute to preventing the diffusion of anti-Semitism, Islamophobia and radicalism.

  18. Konsep Nafkah dalam Hukum Islam

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Syamsul Bahri

    2015-08-01

    Conjugal Need Concept in Islamic Law ABSTRACT: Conjugal need is not only a gift that is provided by a husband to his wife, but also an obligation of the father to his child and the responsibility of an owner to something. The need liabilities have been ruled in Islamic texts of Qoran and al-Hadith, which there are in the Chapter of Ath-Thalaq paragraph (6, Al-Baqarah: 233, and more. The need means an obligation that must be done by the form of expenditures related to the basic needs of both the husband against the wife and father of the child or his family. Due to its importance of it in the study of Islamic law, even a wife who has been dithalaq by her husband still has the right to earn a living for themselves and their children. In addition, although a living is an obligation to be met but concerns the level of living, it should be first to find the limits of  its provider.

  19. Brain Death in Islamic Jurisprudence

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    A Nikzad

    2016-07-01

    Full Text Available BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE: In today's world, Islamic jurisprudence encounters  new issues. One of the areas where jurisprudence gets involved is the issues concerned with brain death, whether brain death in jurisprudence and Islamic law is considered the end of life. In this study, brain death was discussed from the Shiite jurisprudence perspective and also the opinions of the specialists are taken into account. METHODS: This study is designed based on library collection and review of the literature in the field of brain death. Also, Quranic verses, hadiths and fatwas (religious opinions of the scholars are used. Some of the articles which were centered around Islamic jurisprudence, particularly Shiite jurisprudence that explain and deal with brain death were given special consideration. FINDINGS: Brain death from religious and jurisprudence perspective is considered the termination of life and removing the vital organs from the body is not viewed as committing manslaughter. A person with brain death is not a normally known injured man who is still alive. The brain death patinets have no life and getting rid of the body does not constitute a case of manslaughter. Amputation of the organs of brain death patients for donation and transplantation amounts to the amputation of a dead body. If the life of a Muslim is subject to transplant of organs from the body of a brain death patient, it will be permissible. CONCLUSION: In principle, if the life of a Muslim entails transplant of organs of brain death patients, it will be permissible 

  20. Islamic Banking in the West : the Need for Islamic Banking in the Uk

    OpenAIRE

    Alowd, Jehad; Wodie, Astede

    2013-01-01

    The Islamic banking system has gained momentum worldwide. The last two decades have witnessed the emergence of Islamic banking as a viable banking system. This study is designed to investigate the awareness, needs, and motives of Muslims towards Islamic Banking in the UK. The objectives of the study are as follow; to find out the motives and needs of Muslims in the UK towards Islamic banking, to test Muslim's attitudes towards some of the principles of Islamic banking, and to find out the lev...

  1. REASONING OF LIBERAL ISLAM: A STUDY ON ISLAMIC PERSPECTIVES IN LIBERAL ISLAM NETWORK JAKARTA

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    Yusa' Farchan

    2016-12-01

    Full Text Available The renewal of Islamic thinking continuously develops from time to time in Indonesia. This research tries to answer two main problems, they are: how are the reasoning or ideology developed by Liberal Islam Network (LIN?; and how are LIN’s main ideas and their metamorphoses? The research applies qualitative method with hermeneutic approach. The data is collected by library research or text documentation. The data is collected on August 18th to August 29th 2015. The research finds that the ideas of Liberal Islam Network show significant liberal signs. From the ontology of text, in reading religious text, LIN’s assumptions are “the critics over the truth”. LIN applies humanistic approach in reading the religious texts. This is confirmed by LIN’s defense toward human’s dignity. From the aspect of theoretically analytical tools in reading religious texts, LIN applies social sciences, which are socio-historical analyses. LIN uses symbol or semiotics analyses to read the religious text. The main notions of LIN are: First, Islam changes, it is not static; second, context is the first and history is the latter. Here, in reading a religious text, LIN wants to place context (socio-history proportionally; third, LIN intends to hold God in our ground and history. The metamorphoses of LIN’s ideas are: firstly is to oppose theocracy; secondly is to endorse democracy; thirdly is to endorse gender equality; fourthly is to contextualize religious doctrines; and fifthly is to support pluralism and freedom of thinking.

  2. HAKIKAT MANUSIA MENURUT ISLAM

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    Isop Syafei

    2018-02-01

    Full Text Available According psychology-philosophy perspective, various pattern in education caused by different view about human being.. Abdurrahman an-Nahlawi stated that how human view about themselves will give strong effect toward education system.[1]. If human is viewed as creature with an evil talent, then education means as an effort to supress those evil factors.[1] On the other hands, if human is viewed as an active creature with potential, interest, and good basic competency, education means drawing out process in which taken out everything the children have not pouring in like water jar.

  3. Islamic Financial Engineering : Comparative Study Agreements in Islamic Capital Market in Malaysia and Indonesia

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    Adhitya Ginanjar

    2014-03-01

    Full Text Available Objective –The objective of this paper is to provide a discussion Islamic Financial Engineering which practice between Indonesian Capital Market and Malaysian capital market. This paper also investigate whether regulator could effectively take a role in materializing demands for Islamic securities and whether regulator declaration is more convincing than sharia compliance declaration between IDX and KLSE.Methods - We use descriptive analytic and literature study to see the background, market response caused by regulatory for Islamic Financial Engineering. We also analyze Islamic capital market regulatory from middle east countries.Results - We find that Islamic Capital Market in KLSE (Malaysian Capital Market more higher growth than IDX (Indonesia Capital Market because of Islamic Capital Regulatory in KLSE much easier to improve Islamic Financial Engineering from conventional schemes.Conclusion - This finding could explain why Islamic Capital Market in KLSE is still growing rapidly and IDX will adjust their Islamic Capital Market Regulatory to compete with regional Islamic Capital Market.Keywords : Islamic Financial Engineering, Risk, Return, Derivative, Hedging, Option, Forward, Hybrid  contract

  4. ISLAM DAN SOSIAL POLITIK DEKADE 1990 –AN (Sebuah Wacana Politik Islam Pasca Orde Baru

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    Ainur Ropik

    2015-12-01

    Full Text Available Political Islam from the beginning independence of Indonesia, 1950 's ( old order until the mid- 1983 era New Order have a situation that according to Islam is very harmful , because Muslims feel marginalized in addition to the majority of Indonesia's population is Muslim Islamic politics it can not grow because of the emphasis that is made by new order all Islamic political movements and activities are supervised and in the limit . After doing some of the terms in the proposed new order government to Islamist parties at the time that the fusion of Islamic political parties Political Islam at the end of late New Order era began to rise and begin accommodated . With accommodation of political Islam into the governance of the New Order era many beneficial changes to the entry of Political Islam Islamic leaders into the government bureaucracy in both the legislative , judicial and other reforms to transform the era of the New Order era and replace . This paper will try to outline the state of the back of political Islam in the era of the New Order and post-New Order political Islam .

  5. Islamic Civilization: Its Significance in al-Faruqi’s Islamization of Knowledge

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    WAN SABRI WAN YUSOF

    2015-06-01

    Full Text Available This paper discusses the significance attempt of al-Faruqi in making Islamic civilization a mandatory course in his Islamization of Knowledge project. In any attempt of Islamization of Knowledge, the students of Islamization should be comprehensively mastered Islamic Civilization. Al-Faruqi systematically developed four required components in civilizational study that were critical for Islamization project, i.e., to give the Muslim student knowledge of the first principles of Islam as essence of Islamic civilization in the first year; the historical achievements of Islamic civilization in the second year; how Islamic civilization compares and contrasts with other civilizations in essence and manifestation, in the third year, and; how Islamic civilization is the only viable option in dealing with the fundamental problems of Muslims and non-Muslims in the contemporary world, in the fourth year. The significance ideal projected by this comprehensive stages as characterized by al-Faruqi were crucial for student to understand the secular worldview that bring the collapse of civilization in the past and not to repeat this catastrophic consequence in contemporary civilization of the Ummah.

  6. MODERATE ISLAM IN LOMBOK: The Dialectic between Islam and Local Culture

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    Mutawali Mutawali

    2016-12-01

    Full Text Available This study looks into the concept of moderate Islam; describes the distinctive formation of moderate Islam in Indonesia and dialectical phenomena between culture and religion in the Muslim community of the Lombok island. Grounded in qualitative method involving participative observation, interview, documentation and critical discourse analysis, this study reveals that the dialectics and dynamics between the shari’a texts with reality and local traditions in Lombok have brought about the concept of Islam Nusantara characterizing wasatiyyah (moderate, tawazun (balance, tasamuh (tolerance, shura (priotizing dialogue, dan i‘tidal (justice. Islam Lombok illustrates the harmonious interfaith coexistence comprising pluralistic societies including diverse ethnicity, religion, and culture; and portrays Islam rahmatan lil ‘Alamin (Islam as a mercy of the universe. Overall, this study suggests that the concept of moderate Islam could be seen in Lombok and might be applied in other communities in Indonesia.

  7. ETHICS AND THE PRINCIPLES OF ISLAMIC BANKING IN THE PERSFEKTIF ISLAMIC ECONOMICS LAW

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    Saifullah Bombang

    2016-02-01

    Full Text Available Ethics, the value of which is sourced from the primary source of Islamic teachings inthe formation of the principles of Islamic banking in the legal system of Islamic economy. Theprinciple has been terekonstrumsi into the principle of a unified whole and undivided oneunified principle which has the same meaning and effect of all time. The two are inseparableand mutually binding becomes reference in carrying out the charitable effort (muamalah. Allactivity in the economy, including banking should always be in accordance with the principlesof Islamic teachings so as to avoid a banking practice that is full of violations of Islamic valuesand norms. The enforcement principle – the principle of Islamic banking Shariah Islamic lawin the dinormakan economy meant is to mengkonsistensikan the Islamic teachings with thepractice of the banking terkaontaminasi with other systems are generally incompatible with theethics and principles of Islam. Islam offers concept to humanity which is sourced from theQur'an and Sunnah in terms of conducting relationships or transactions with other persons,including in the field of finance as manisfestasi of Islamic teachings in the field of banking.Ethics, values and principles into the source and reference in formulating norms of Islamic lawgoverning the legal relationship in banking issues. All financial transactions in banking shouldbe subject to the legal norms of islam and every muslim needs to take hatian and not get caughtup in the banking system that are not kosher (usury and subhat so that the existence of theIslamic banking is getting solid growth and strong for the benefit of mankind.

  8. Islamic School Leadership: A Conceptual Framework

    Science.gov (United States)

    Brooks, Melanie C.; Mutohar, Agus

    2018-01-01

    It is urgent that education scholars explore how Islamic values shape (and are shaped by) Muslim school leader beliefs, given the heightened anti-Muslim sentiment present in western contexts. Yet, there is a lack of scholarship on non-western approaches to leading schools. To address this gap, we drew from extant Islamic and educational leadership…

  9. Nietzsche l'islam et la globalisation

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    17 déc. 2013 ... Obscurantism, Islam, jihad, theocracy dominate . The century in fact expresses a new concept of postmodern revolutions or the society is in intersection between philosophy, politics and religion. The three pillars of all social facts. Keywords: revolution, Islam, globalisation, democracy, jihad, will for power.

  10. Islamic Morality: Teaching to Balance the Record

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lovat, Terence

    2016-01-01

    The article proposes that the teaching of Islamic morality presents as an important if not urgent task for moral education. It offers the opportunity to inform a student body about a vital historical development in the formation of moral thought and action; to challenge and offset a blind spot in Western thinking about Islam in general; to…

  11. Teaching about Sexuality and Veiling in Islam

    Science.gov (United States)

    Defibaugh, Amy; Krutzsch, Brett

    2017-01-01

    This article proposes strategies for teaching about sexuality in Islam through student-centered learning activities, such as self-reflection, multimedia presentations, and small group discussions. We focus on a diversity of perspectives related to veiling in Islam. The approaches we describe help students deconstruct and reevaluate common U.S.…

  12. Journal for Islamic Studies - Vol 32 (2012)

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Sufism, Education and Politics in Contemporary Morocco · EMAIL FULL TEXT EMAIL FULL TEXT · DOWNLOAD FULL TEXT DOWNLOAD FULL TEXT. R Chih, 24-46. Islamic Reform in Colonial Space: The Jihad of Shaykh Boubacar Sawadogo and French Islamic Policies in Burkina Faso, 1920-1946. EMAIL FULL TEXT ...

  13. Islamic Cultures: Health Care Beliefs and Practices.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kemp, Charles

    1996-01-01

    Presents an overview of Islamic health care beliefs and practices, noting health-related social and spiritual issues, fundamental beliefs and themes in Islam, health care beliefs and practices common among Muslims, and health-affecting social roles among Muslims. Cultural, religious, and social barriers to health care and ways to reduce them are…

  14. Kritik Makna Islam Perspektif Orientalis dan Liberal

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    Syamsi Wal Qamar

    2015-03-01

    Full Text Available Islam is a name religion with clear explanation based on the arguments that are normative and historically, the Qur’an, Hadith and history of preaching Prophet Muhammad when spread this religion. Of course this naming is permanent so it will not be changed until the end of time later. But for Wilfreid Cantwell Smith and Muhammad Shahrur which are the thinkers of the West and the Muslim Orientalist Liberals are trying to recontruction naming them. For Smith, Islam is only submission to God to be obedient and submissive to the shari’ah religion are shared by humans, as judging that the word Islam is derived from the word aslama means surrender or submission. Meanwhile, according Shahrur, Islam is taught by the shari’ah of the Prophet Muhammad who was also taught by the previous Prophets such as Abraham, Moses, Jesus and others. So according Shahrur Muslim person can be said without having to follow and believe in the Shari’ah as taught by the Prophet Muhammad. From this a second thought leaders cause various problems, such as Islamic religious truth is relative or inclusive or decontructed concept and the Shari’ah of Islam. So in this paper the authors will describe how Smith and Shahrur view of the meaning of Islam, the background of their thinking and their implications for the Islamic religion, and a refutation of their thinking.

  15. Teaching Islamic Law in a Positivist Environment

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Afsah, Ebrahim

    to maintain an ‘authentic,’ distinctly Islamic social model. This presentation seeks to investigate the particular benefits for applying to the research and instruction of the ‘sacred law’ of Islam (as Weber would have it) the methodological rigour and tools of critical analysis derived from positivist...

  16. Pious Entertainment: Hizbullah's Islamic Cultural Sphere

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Alagha, J.E.; Nieuwkerk, K. van

    2011-01-01

    Alagha’s chapter on Hezbollah’s Islamic cultural sphere is sure to generate some of the most interesting discussion. Lebanon and Hezbollah in particular are among the hottest topics in the studies of contemporary Islam, but few people actually have the appropriate levels of both access to and

  17. REINTERPRETASI ISLAM INTEGRATIF (OBJEKTIFIKASI DELIBERATIF ISLAM DI RUANG PUBLIK

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    Elya Munfarida

    2017-01-01

    kerangka teoritis dalam melakukan reinterpretasi nilai dan ajaran agama dan realisasinya di ruang publik. Dengan model objektifikasi deliberatif ini, nilai-nilai dan ajaran agama dapat diimplementasikan dalam kehidupan publik dan berperan aktif dalam konstruksi identitas bangsa, tanpa harus menciptakan disintegrasi sosial karena adanya dominasi atau subordinasi simbol atau nilai agama tententu. Oleh karena konsensus sosial yang dihasilkan dalam deliberasi tersebut bersifat rasio bersama, maka ia tidak lagi menjadi rasio individual personal tapi rasio kolektif yang sekaligus mewakili dan menjadi kepentingan bersama. Dengan mekanisme ini, nilai dan ajaran Islam (agama dapat dipentaskan dalam kontestasi diskursus publik secara ramah, tanpa harus terjebak dalam politik ekslusivisme dan logika dominasi-subordinasi.

  18. ISLAMIC CARING MODEL ON INCREASE PATIENT SATISFACTION

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    Muh. Abdurrouf

    2017-04-01

    Full Text Available Introduction: Patient satisfaction was important aspect that must be considered by health service providers, patients who were not satisfied will leave the hospital and be a competitor's customers so be able caused a decrease in sales of products/services and in turn could reduce and even loss of profit, therefore, the hospital must provided the best service so that it could increase patient satisfaction. The purpose of this study was to exams the effect of Islamic caring model on increase patient satisfaction.. Method: This study was used pre-experimental design, the respondents were 31 patients in the treatment group assigned Islamic caring and 31 patients with a kontrol group that were not given Islamic caring Inpatient Surgical Sultan Agung Islamic Hospital Semarang by using consecutive sampling techniques, patient satisfaction data collected through questionnaires and analyzed with Mann-Whitney test, as for finding out the Islamic caring for patient satisfaction were analyzed with spearmen's rho test. Result: The results showed that there was a significant influence of Islamic caring for perceived disconfirmation (p=0,000 there was a perceived disconfirmation influence on patient satisfaction significantly (p=0,000, there was a significant influence of Islamic caring for patient satisfaction in the treatment group with a kontrol group (p=0.001. Discussion: Discussion of this study was Islamic caring model effect on the increase perceived disconfirmation and patient satisfaction, Perceived disconfirmation effect on patient satisfaction, patient satisfaction who given Islamic caring was increase, patients given Islamic caring had higher satisfaction levels than patients who not given Islamic caring. Suggestions put forward based on the results of the study of Islamic caring model could be applied in Sultan Agung Islamic Hospital as a model of nursing care, Islamic caring behavior can be learned and improved through training and commitment and

  19. Wave Star

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Kramer, Morten; Brorsen, Michael; Frigaard, Peter

    Denne rapport beskriver numeriske beregninger af forskellige flydergeometrier for bølgeenergianlæget Wave Star.......Denne rapport beskriver numeriske beregninger af forskellige flydergeometrier for bølgeenergianlæget Wave Star....

  20. KELUARGA SEBAGAI LEMBAGA PERTAMA PENDIDIKAN ISLAM

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    Agus Zainul Fitri

    2016-02-01

    Full Text Available Family is the first educational institution for the children where the parents are becoming the first educator. The parents are in a nature fully responsible for their children, should educate their children toward optimal growth and development of nature. Errors in their children's education would be fatal. The child may deviate from firsthand the potential of human kindness has turned into a low quality. Thus an important role, duties and responsibilities of parents, it is then to be understood thatheformal educational institutions and non-formal, organized by the government and society, and teachers or other education personnel is a successor of the parental role in fostering and developing their children. There are three parenting parents towards their children, parenting there are democratic, authoritarian, and permissive. The three parenting is regarded as a good way to educate is a democratic parenting style, but still maintaining the principles of universal and absolute values associated with religion, especially Islam.that is plurality.similiarity of right and egaliter Authoritarian patterns worth doing if it relates to the issue of faith and conviction and worship as well as things that are considered harmful to The child. While permissive pattern can also be applied to children aged adults.

  1. Islam & Tradisi Budaya di Sulawesi-Selatan

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    Mardi Adi Armin

    2010-12-01

    Full Text Available Islam cannot be separated from the influence of local cultural, either in antithesis or synthesis. There is aculturation process between religion in one hand and culture in other hand. Therefore, the term purification is likely suitable to this case and become interesting discourse along the time. There have been terms Jawa Islam, Iran Islam, Europe Islam, Sunni Islam, etc. In some notes, one of social organization which cannot be tolerant to bid’ah, khurafat, tahayyul practices is Muhammadiyah. By this organization, it is acknowlegded that some element of community began to throw away such this rites. In another perspective, such traditions actually can enrich the local geniun. The national and local culture are parts of Indonesian cultural life.

  2. isk governance: Experience of Islamic banks

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    Siti Rohaya Mat Rahim

    2015-05-01

    Full Text Available Risk governance has evolved tremendously in the banking industry. Risk governance recommends the imperative roles of Chief Risk Officer (CRO to oversee risk. This study explores risk governance influence over the Islamic banks performances. Multivariate analysis techniques measure simultaneously via Structural Equation Modelling (SEM. This study employed cross-sectional sample of 200 Islamic banks across 21 countries for the year 2014. To examine risk governance and Islamic banks performance, the study captures seventeen variables developed from risk management and corporate governance (ROA, ROE, Profit Margin, CRO, Shariah committee member, CEO, board size, remuneration meeting, credit rating, external audit, accounting standard, loan loss provision, capital adequacy ratio, total deposit ratio, GDP, central bank lending rate and inflation. The simulation result reveals, risk governance act as mediating variables towards Islamic banks performance. This study has practical and significance contribution for Islamic banks to understand risk governance, aligning with the fundamental risk management and corporate governance

  3. MEMADUKAN KEMBALI EKSOTERISME DAN ESOTERISME DALAM ISLAM

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    Syamsuri

    2013-11-01

    Full Text Available Reintegrating Exoterisme and Esoterisme in Islam. There have been a misnderstanding amonngst some Muslims between the exoteric of rituals or syariah and the esoteric dimension of tasawuf or mystisism in Islam. Those who give more weight for exoteric dimension regarded the esoteric of no great concern and even sometimes have departed from the Islamic teachings. For those who support the esoteric dimension, however, considered the exoteric to be unusefull, since man had been able to uncover the mystery of God. Ideally, the exoteric and esoteric dimensions are separate whole, both of which are an integrated part of Islamic tenets. This essay, is going to shed some lights on esoteric and exoteric dimension of Islam. The author concludes that the esoteric dimension of tasawuf is need by human being so that equilibrium can be maintained in facing their lives and will give more spiritual impetus in understanding the deemed rigid and wither syariah.

  4. Aktifitas Produksi dalam Perspektif Ekonomi Islam

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    Akhmad Mujahidin

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available Economic activities contain three parts, namely production, distribution, and consumption. This paper deals with the first one in the perspective of Islam. We maintain that at no point in human history was there any economic system that could successfully achieve an absolute happiness and wellbeing for human kind. Islamic system of economics included. Nonetheless, we argue that Islam consists of values and norms that may lead toward that end if they are properly and appropriately understood and applied. We do not find in Islam what we found in the conventional economic system where there are rooms for committing corruption and manipulation. For Islam, economic activities as far as production is concerned must be directed toward achieving the goodness and prosperity of all human kind, and not toward enriching certain individuals and groups among individuals.

  5. Pandangan Ulama tentang Kepemimpinan dalam Negara Islam

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    Arsyad Sobby Kesuma

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available The idea of Islamic state and leadership has long been a subject of debate. But it remains intriguing to ask once and again what does Islamic state mean and what is its real and true nature? What does leadership mean and does Islam really need politics? This paper is designed mainly to answer these important questions. It will trace the ideal form of politics in Islam by investigating the formulas promulgated by the ulama over centuries. Two notions will be the focus of this investigation. First is the notion of how a leader should be elected, and second is the problem of what are the conditions of the leader. These two interrelated problems are at the centre of the idea of leadership in Islam. We argue that by understanding them one would necessarily be able to grasp the “Islamic” formula of statehood and politics.

  6. LEMBAGA PENDIDIKAN ISLAM DALAM MENGHADAPI DERASNYA PERUBAHAN

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    Erwin Indrioko

    2016-07-01

    Full Text Available This article discusses how Islamic educational institutions can exist in the era of fast-paced change. No doubt the challenge of Islamic education is very complex, one of which is a change. The main factor in the change is the advancement of information and communication technology, competition amonginstitutions, and the demands of society. In facing changes very vital leadership role, he should be able to influence and mobilize all the components to continue to work in facing the swift currents of change. Unity of direction and the interconnections between components (educators, employees, and students in Islamic educational institutions should be maintained, so that all the elements in the institution become solid and strong. In addition, the leaders should also keep the consistency of a system that exists in Islamic educational institutions. A strong system will generate a strong culture that characterizes Islamic educational institutions in the implementation process of education.

  7. Reuse Of Djenane Abd-El-Tif, An Emblematic Islamic Garden In Algiers

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    Malika Hocine

    2015-06-01

    Full Text Available Djenane Abd-el-Tif is an example of an Algerian summer residence dating from the Ottoman era. This type of building is not very well-known and remains marginalized in research that is more interested in the townhouses of the medina of Algiers. Yet, the gardens, the ingenious irrigation systems, fountains, and other patterns of Islamic gardens make of these djenane a unique typology worth exploring and preserving. Indeed, Islamic garden design is an art in itself and any restoration or conservation work should preserve the authenticity of its characteristics. The djenane Abd-el-Tif was fully restored following the damage caused by the Boumerdès earthquake in 2003. This led to the discovery of various elements that are particularly informative about its architecture and composition. It also highlighted the existence of valuable Islamic garden patterns, together with the djenane’s exceptional flora, which could provide added-value to the tourism potential of such residences. However, if restoration work has saved the djenane Abd-el-Tif,  its garden with its Islamic design characteristics is not yet fully investigated nor listed as a cultural heritage. This article presents the djenane as a cultural heritage and argues that right restoration and reuse could contribute to enhancing knowledge about Islamic garden design in North Africa.

  8. Traditional Islamic cities unveiled: the quest for urban design regularity

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jorge Correia

    2015-08-01

    Full Text Available Traditional Islamic cities have generally gathered orientalized gazes and perspectives, picking up from misconceptions and stereotypes that during the second half af the 19th century andwere perpectuated by colonialism. More recent scholarship has shed light on the urban organizationand composition of such tissues; most of them confined to old quarters or historical centres ofthriving contemporary cities within the Arab-Muslim world. In fact, one of the most striking featureshas been the unveiling of layered urban assemblages where exterior agents have somehowlaunched or interrupted an apparent islamicized continuum. Primarly, this paper wishes to search forexternal political factors that have designed regularly geometrized patterns in medium-sized Arabtowns. For that, two case studies from different geographies - Maghreb and the Near East - will bemorphologically analysed through updated urban surveys. Whereas Nablus (Palestine ows the urbanmatrix of its old town to its Roman past, in Azemmour’s medina (Morocco it is still possible to trackthe thin European early-modern colonial stratum. However, both cases show how regularity patternschallenge Western concepts of geometrical design to embrace levels of rationality related to tradionalIslamic urban forms, societal configurations and built environment. Urban morphology becomes afundamental tool for articulating the history with me processes of sedimentation and evolution in orderto read current urban prints and dynamics. Thus, the paper will also interpret alternative logics ofrational urban display in Azemmour and Nablus, linked to ways of living within the Islamic sphere.

  9. Education Unit Transformation for Maintain Its Existence in Islamic Boarding School (Multi-Case Study on Tebuireng Islamic Boarding School, Gading Islamic Boarding School Malang, and Sidogiri Islamic Boarding School Pasuruan)

    Science.gov (United States)

    Busyairi AS, M.

    2017-01-01

    Islamic Boarding School which serves as native Islamic education institution is a continuation of education tradition grown strongly in Islamization history in unitary nation Republic of Indonesia. The education of Islamic Boarding School is also a sub-system of National Education with the purpose to make intelligent national life, to make…

  10. Is Europe Being Islamized - A Consequence of the Islamic Religion?

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Florin Iftode

    2016-05-01

    Full Text Available The purpose of this paper is to try as much as possible to clear the mystery about the violent nature of Islamic people and to investigate the reasons why they have resorted to terrorist acts marking the whole history of mankind, in their insatiable quest for uniqueness. The paper aims at capturing the developments in the Middle East people who over the years have managed to impose their views and judgments by intimidation methods. It also wants to be an analysis of the message sent by the Quran, much discussed and still mysterious to many people. What does it really teach? Why do the Muslims believe that their main emblem is this book? Why put so much emphasis on the Muslim faith when assessing the potential causes of Muslim world behaviors? In areas where Islam has created a gateway, it even until today fails to preach as the theory promises (peacefully, but by cruelty, murder and terrorist attacks. Finally an issue I will deal with a very pronounced degree of controversy and also very attractive in terms of events lately events that are closely related to acts of terrorism.

  11. ISLAM, ISLAMISM, THE NATION, AND THE EARLY INDONESIAN NATIONALIST MOVEMENT

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    RE Elson

    2007-12-01

    Full Text Available In an attempt to understand better the failure of Islamism to exercise any significant impact on the tra­jec­tory of Indonesian politics through the twentieth century, this article examines the development of Indo­nesian Islamist thought in the early twentieth century and com­pares it to the growth of secularist nationalist thinking.  Islamist thinking was slow to arrive at a consciousness of Indonesia as specific national place and homeland.  By the time Islamist thinkers had begun to develop a clearer sense of their own political project, secular nationalist thinkers (often indifferent to and sometimes fiercely opposed to Islamic and Islamist ideas about the relationship of state to religion had already established the unassailable primacy of  the idea of Indonesia as an independent sovereign state-in-the-making and as the vehicle for Indonesians to become both modern and prosperous.  Islamists thereafter had no option but to seek to accommodate their thinking to the dominant paradigm of the idea of Indonesia.

  12. ISLAM, KORUPSI DAN GOOD GOVERNANCE DI NEGARA-NEGARA ISLAM

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ahmad Khoirul Umam

    2014-10-01

    Full Text Available The revitalization of religion function —that some people think— is an effective instrument to fight the cancer of corruption and also the implementation of democratization and liberalization of the market. Value systems, moral teachings and spirituality in religion are considered to be opposite of the corruption characters growing in the contemporary society. The more religiosity of a society leads to the expectation for the lower corruption. However, according to the Corruption Perception Index (CPI data, we will exactly find a tendency of paradoxical phenomena. For example, in the context of Islamic countries, the high of influence for the Muslims belief to their religion is not directly proportional to the commitment of the corruption eradication in the Muslim populized countries mostly. This phenomenon deserves to be shared reflection, to find the answers of classic questions; why does corruption tend becoming habit of Muslim community who are uphold moral principles and integrity in social life and state? It causes this article to discuss the relationship between religion and corruption in general, and also to elaborate it by dealing with the experience of Islamic countries

  13. EUTHANASIA DALAM PERSPEKTIF HUKUM ISLAM

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Arifin Rada

    2013-05-01

    Full Text Available Euthanasia is an attempt to end someone life when he/she has an uncurable illness, euthanasia will be done in order to release his/her from suffering his/her illness. In Indonesia, euthanasia can not be done and it is classified as an illegal act. Both in the positive law and the ethics code regulate that performing an euthanasia is not allowed. Regarded to the perspective of Islamic law, also regulated that an active euthanasia is an act that is forbidden and punishable by God with a punishment of hell for those who did.

  14. Monopoli dalam Perspektif Ekonomi Islam

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    Dede Abdul Fatah

    2015-10-01

    Full Text Available Monopoly in Islamic economic perspective means withholding or hoarding goods in purpose, especially in times of scarcity, with the goal of raising the price at a later date in order to obtain greater profits. Monopolistic practices is a type of violation will result in muamalah because market mechanism disrupted, so that producers will get a big profit (monopolistic rent, while the consumer due to the accumulation of actions will suffer and get loss. Therefore, this monopoly will bring people in general harmed by the act of a small group of monopolistic very unjust, selfish, and irresponsibleDOI: 10.15408/aiq.v4i2.2095

  15. PERKAWINAN SEJENIS DALAM KAJIAN ISLAM

    OpenAIRE

    Muhammad Arif Zuhri

    2016-01-01

    One of cases in islamic law today is same-sex marriage. The case sparked a controversy in muslim society. On the one hand, the case can be seen as an integral part of a person’s rights to meet the biological needs, but on the other hand is seen as a violation of religious norms and moral principles. Those who have a sexual orientation towards the same gender (homosexual), which was also approved this orientation, continue to get same-sex marriage legalization because a sense of lo...

  16. Etika Bisnis dalam Persektif Islam

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Rodliyah Khuza'i

    2005-03-01

    Full Text Available Perdagangan merupakan aktivitas manusia untuk memenuhi kebutuhan hidupnya. Dengan berkembangnya ilmu dan teknologi, perdagangan atau perniagaan mengalami kemajuan yang pesat sesuai dengan kebutuhan dan tuntutan zaman. Perniagaan yang dilakukan manusiapun bermacam-macam, mulai dari industri kecil sampai industri besar, industri pariwisata, perusahaan jasa, real estate, usaha pertanian, dan lain-lain. Manusia ditengarai begitu cinta kepada harta, sehingga sering terjadi perselisihan, persengketaan, bahkan menimbulkan permusuhan yang sengit yang saling membahayakan. Al-Qur`an sebagai pedoman utama umat Islam telah memberikan rambu-rambu  bagaimana manusia dapat memperoleh harta, karena sesungguhnya aktivitas manusia dalam memperoleh harta tidak hanya berhubungan dengan sesama manusia, tetapi hakikatnya juga berhungan dengan Allah.

  17. Churchification of Islam in Europe

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Vinding, Niels Valdemar

    2018-01-01

    This chapter explores the concept of churchification in relation to Islam and Muslim organisations in Europe. The first part of the article surveys the word in variations, the phenomenon it describes and different observations of this phenomenon across a number of European contexts by a selection......, and that for a number of politically or ideologically motivated reasons. Thirdly, churchification can be identified in terms of structural and implicit hegemony emanating from the established paradigms of church and state relations, or from the churches themselves. Here, the sheer positional power and presence...

  18. PEMAHAMAN ISLAM MELALUI PENDEKATAN TASAWUF

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    zaki Hidayatulloh

    2016-06-01

    Full Text Available Semakin lama perhatian berbagai lapisan masyarakat terhadap tasawuf semakin berkembang. Tasawuf yang semula merupakan bentuk pemaknaan terhadap hadits Rosulullah SAW tentang “al-Ihsan”, dalam perkembangan selanjutnya mengalami perluasan penafsiran. Dalam era sekarang ini apa yang diperlukan oleh dunia Islam adalah format tasawuf yang konsisten dengan nilai-nilai Islam dan kompatibel terhadap kecenderungan perubahan gaya hidup masyarakat. Apa yang diajarkan oleh tasawuf tidak lain adalah bagaimana menyembah Tuhan dalam suatu kesadaran penuh bahwa kita berada di dekat-Nya, sehingga kita “melihat-Nya” atau bahwa ia senantiasa mengawasi kita dan kita senantiasa berdiri di hadapan-Nya. Namun fenomena keagamaan yang terdapat di masyarakat, tasawuf sering dipahami sebagai praktik zuhud, yaitu sikap hidup asketis Tasawuf adalah upaya melatih jiwa dengan berbagai kegiatan yang dapat membebaskan diri manusia dari pengaruh kehidupan duniawi, berpola hidup sederhana dan rela berkorban demi tujuan-tujuan yang lebih mulia disisi Allah, sehingga menjadikan selalu dekat dengan Allah dan jiwanya bersih bersih serta memancarkan akhlak mulia. Sikap demikian pada akhirnya membawa seorang berjiwa tangguh, memiliki daya tangkap yang kuat dan efektif terhadap berbagai godaan hidup yang menyesalkan. Tasawuf ini muncul karena adanya dekadensi moral yang bermula dari kotoran jiwa manusia yaitu jiwa yang jauh dari bimbingan Tuhan, yang disebabkan ia tidak pernah mencoba mendekatinya. Untuk mengatasi masalah ini tasawuflah yang memiliki potensi dan peranan penting. Dengan demikian pentingnya peranan tasawuf dalam kelangsungan hidup manusia. Maka tidak mengherankan apabila tasawuf akrab dengan masyarakat Islam, setelah masyarakat tersebut membina akidah dan ibadahnya, melalui ilmu tauhid dan fiqih. Dengan demikian terjadilah hubungan 3 serangkai yang amat harmonis yaitu akidah, syari’ah dan akhlak. Berkenaan dengan ini telah bermuncullah para peneliti yang

  19. ISU GENDER DALAM PENDIDIKAN ISLAM

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    Mardliyah Mardliyah

    2015-12-01

    Full Text Available Islamic education is a process in forming human being totally, and without to differentiate between men and women. The existing of discrimination and the forms of injustice of gender is the influence from the local culture and also from interpreting method of Al-Qur’an verses that is less for women side. This is because Al-Qur’an verses was understood partially and uncontectually.  The Solution to overcome that problem is by understanding Al-Qur’an verses and Hadits Nabi/Prophet proportionally and giving opportunity to the women for getting better education.

  20. Islamic View of Nature and Values: Could These Be the Answer to Building Bridges between Modern Science and Islamic Science

    Science.gov (United States)

    Faruqi, Yasmeen Mahnaz

    2007-01-01

    This paper discusses the basic tenets of Islam and the Islamic view of nature that were influential in the development of science in the so-called "Golden Age of Islam". These findings have been the catalyst for present day Muslim scholars, who have emphasized the importance of Islamic science, as the means of understanding Western…

  1. Awal Munculnya Gerakan Inteliktualisme Islam di Indonesia Abad 20

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    Wahyuddin G

    2010-12-01

    Full Text Available In the early 20th century, intelectual movement of Islamic reformers comes to bring some changes. This movement was from Moddle East, then spread to all over the world.  The main theme of this movement is to purify Islamic teaching from bid’ah, khurafat, etc. Considering the coming of modern atmosphere, Islamic reformers and institution began to consolidate and accomodate this penetration. Thus, through traditional institution, Islamic traditional thinkers tried to strengthen the main pillars of Islam.

  2. Islamic Banking in Global Economic Context (Critical Studies of Operational System and Performance of Islamic Banking

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    Jamal Abdul Aziz

    2018-01-01

    Full Text Available Berdasarkan kajian terhadap sejarah kemunculan dan sistem operasional Bank Islam beserta kinerjanya, penulis menyimpulkan bahwa konsep bank Islam pada hakekatnya merupakan bentuk islamisasi terhadap institusi perbankan. Hanya saja proses islamisasi yang terjadi baru sebatas pada aspek-aspek yang bersifat marginal, artifisial, dan formal-institusional, seperti penggantian istilah-istilah teknis dalam dunia perbankan dengan istilah yang berasal dari fikih muamalah, penghapusan bunga, dan penolakan terhadap praktek-praktek bisnis yang haram. Selebihnya, bank Islam tidak berbeda dengan bank konvensional. Dampak dari islamisasi yang kurang substansial-komprehensif tersebut adalah timbulnya kesan bahwa bank Islam justru ‘terbelenggu’ oleh konsep-konsep fikih klasik yang mendasarinya, di mana ia cenderung kontra produktif dengan tren  bisnis moderen yang senantiasa menuntut efisiensi dan fleksibilitas. Agar tetap dapat survive di masa-masa mendatang, bank Islam perlu mengevaluasi diri secara terus menerus dengan selalu membuka diri terhadap berbagai kritikan yang dialamatkan kepadanya. Konsepsi yang terlalu berorientasi kepada doktrin harus diimbangi dengan kesadaran akan fakta-fakta dan tuntutan bisnis moderen, baik yang berskala lokal maupun global. Sementara itu cita-cita Islam yang ideal, seperti pemberantasan kemiskinan, pendistribusian kekayaan secara adil, dan penciptaan lapangan kerja, harus tetap menjadi orientasi utamanya. Kata Kunci:Riba, Profit and Loss Sharing, Mudlârabah, Murâbahah, Artificial Aspects of Islam  Abstract:Based on the study of the history of emergence and operation of Islamic Bank and its system performance, the author conclude that the concept of Islamic bank is essentially a form of Islamization of the banking institutions. Such Islamization are limited to the marginal, artificial, and formal-institutional aspects, such as the replacement of technical terms in the banking world with a term derived from the fiqh

  3. DAKWAH MEDIASI: PERSPEKTIF SEJARAH ISLAM

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    M Yakub

    2018-02-01

    Full Text Available This review discusses mediation as part of dakwah media. The purpose of this study is to analyze the role of mediation dakwah in overcoming various problems of the ummah. Using the historical analysis approach, this study tries to explore how the role of mediation dakwah in overcoming the conflicts that occur as part of the problems of the ummah. Dakwah is a way in the way to spread the teachings of Islam, with Islamic dakwah can be felt until the world. But in the process of dakwah sometimes encounter frequent clashes and obstacles, one of them in handling horizontal conflict and vertical conflict amid society, from ideology problem, understanding and even mutual thinking. This is where the need for mediation in the world of dakwah. We need to understand mediation to mediate or dispute resolution through mediate called mediators. For that mediation system, look for problem solving through mediator. The explanation of mediation is one of conflict resolution alternatives as a breakthrough on traditional settlement methods through litigation.

  4. Feminism between Islamism and Postmodernism

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Wassyla Tamzali

    2013-06-01

    Full Text Available In the wider context of dialogue among cultures, the analysis of women’s conditions in Muslim cultures -or in those European milieus affected by immigration from Maghreb- proves to be a difficult task, marked as it is by an ambiguity which is inherent to those power relations defined by economic and political balances between states at a global level. The debate on the veil is an exemplifying issue of the terms in which the dialogue is conducted between European nations and Islamist movements, and it sets the limits by which -given a certain power structure- women’s freedom is lost in the name of a culture presenting itself as promoting the value of differences. Within the European debate, Islamic feminism represents the main interlocutor of international institutions which -unable to solve those more radical questions giving origin to conflicts between peoples- exclude from their analysis other forms of social critique, in this way favoring culturalist and differentialist approaches. All considered, though, Islamic feminism does not limit itself to represent the positions expressed by those Maghreb and Arab feminists that -in reaction to a cultural model continuing to propose the image of a society based on the absolute control of women- keep struggling to reaffirm their right to freedom and equality: they instead carry on the deconstruction work that originally gave birth to world women’s movements.

  5. Islamic perspectives on human cloning.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sadeghi, Mahmoud

    2007-01-01

    The present paper seeks to assess various views from Islamic jurists relating to human cloning, which is one of the controversial topics in the recent past. Taking Islamic jurisprudence principles, such as the rule of necessity for self preservation and respect for human beings, the rule of la darar wa la dirar ('the necessity to refrain from causing harm to oneself and others') and the rule of usr wa haraj, one may indicate that if human cloning could not be prohibited, as such, it could still be opposed because it gives way to various harmful consequences, which include family disorder, chaos in the clone's family relationships, physical and mental diseases for clones and suffering of egg donors and surrogate mothers. However with due attention to the fact that the reasons behind the prohibition of abortion only restrict the destruction of human embryos in their post-implantation stages, human cloning for biomedical research and exploitation of stem cells from cloned embryos at the blastocyst stage for therapeutic purposes would be acceptable.

  6. Measuring the Sizes of Stars

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    The nearest star to our solar system, called Proxima Centauri, is about 260,000 ..... We can choose the origin of x to be the maximum of the fringe pattern of one of the stars .... ating day and night, round the year, to explore the universe with.

  7. Islamic Banks Service Innovation Quality: Conceptual Model

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    Tahreem Noor Khan

    2016-07-01

    Full Text Available Customer perspectives and satisfaction level are considered important for analysing the performance of Islamic bank service quality. Sufficient researches has been done to explore customer perception and satisfaction level with Islamic banking service quality, however there is lack of data to compare and find the similarity in understanding the main determinant attributes needed for Islamic banking service quality. The purpose of this paper is to describe and integrate the results of existing wealth of research on service quality in Islamic banks. After weighing up all the views from existing research, common findings, concerns will be discussed. This research did not find much of information or studies indicating toward innovation in Islamic banking service quality. Thus based on review of the literature this paper suggests main key attributes of service for Islamic banks (RIBA Service IQ. This research strongly asserts that sincere motivation, truthful intention, dynamic and practical service innovation of quality approaches can uplift Islamic financial brandDOI: 10.15408/aiq.v8i2.3161

  8. Melacak Peranan Tujuan Pendidikan dalam Perspektif Islam

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    Asmal May

    2015-11-01

    Full Text Available Education is an activity supposed to improve entire aspects of human personality that lasts a lifetime, so its process is not only formal but also informal. It may be going inside or outside the class. Education, in other side is a development of human potentials process which is easily influenced by environment and habits whereas students live and thrive. As well as Islamic education, which has its own characteristics compared with another concepts of education is a kind of manifestation from Muslim aim to conserve, transform, and internalize Islamic value to the future generation in Islam community, so that culture-religious aspired could be able to function and improve in the community all the time as well. The goal of Islamic education in general is centered to the efforts to establish “Insân Kâmil” (Perfect Human with several indicator as follows: become servant of Allah, become khalifah, become mercy (rah}mah to the universe, become uswah h}asanah, and for welfare as well. This general goal is absolute, unchanged, and generally accepted, due to its association with concept of Islam inheriting absolute and universal truth. This paper will discuss the sources and main goal of Islamic education with another specific and temporary goal besides it, and also discuss about the characteristics of Islamic education.

  9. Urgensi Pendidikan Islam Dalam Pemberdayaan Sosial

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    Muhsinah Ibrahim

    2017-05-01

    Full Text Available Many sharp criticism leveled various parties on output Islamic education has not shown success in the midst of society. Therefore, Islamic Education is not only the responsibility of educational institutions, but also the responsibility of the Muslim community, it becomes a necessity of society must take part in the promotion of Islamic Education itself. One of them with the empowering potential of appropriate community. Because learners it comes and comes down to the people, then the direction of curriculum policy must be people-oriented In the first place all educational activities must be clearly and unequivocally to the educational purposes. Because in essence it was not for school learning (non scholae but learning is for life (sed vitae discimus, so education will become more meaningful. Abstrak Banyak kritikan cukup tajam yang dilontarkan berbagai pihak tentang out put Pendidikan Islam yang belum menunjukkan keberhasilannya di tengah-tengah masyarakat. Oleh karena Pendidikan Islam bukan hanya tanggungjawab institusi pendidikan saja, akan tetapi tanggungjawab komunitas muslim, maka menjadi suatu keharusan masyarakat harus ikut andil dalam usaha memajukan Pendidikan Islam itu sendiri. Salah satunya dengan memberdayakan potensi masyarakat tepat guna. Karena peserta didik itu datang dan bermuara pada masyarakat, maka arah kebijakan kurikulumpun harus berorientasi pada masyarakat Pada tempat pertama semua kegiatan pendidikan harus diarahkan dengan jelas dan tegas kepada tujuan pendidikan. Sebab pada hakekatnya belajar itu bukan untuk sekolah (non scholae tetapi belajar adalah untuk hidup (sed vitae discimus, dengan demikian pendidikan akan menjadi lebih bermakna Kata kunci: Pemberdayaan, masyarakat, pendidikan Islam, dan orientasi.

  10. SISTEM MONETER ISLAM: MENUJU KESEJAHTERAAN HAKIKI

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    Aan Nasrullah

    2016-12-01

    Full Text Available The Studies in this article aims to look at how the efforts of the Islamic monetary system in creating the true welfare. Welfare in the conventional economic system (capitalist and socialist contain of different meanings, when in the conventional economic system, welfare is defined only in terms of materials (material fulfillment, but in the Islamic economic system, welfare contains of broader meaning, the fulfillment of material and immaterial. As Islamic monetary strategy that prohibit sto use of interest, the Islamic monetary instrument does too. The Islamic monetary policy instrument is divided into three mazhab based on the period and the community needs at that time. The first mazhab is the instrument that introduced by mazhab iqtisoduna is Promissory Notes or Bill of Exchange kind of paper to get fresh funds. The second madzhab is the mainstream instruments mazhab that used Dues of Idle Fund is policy instrument that is charged on all assets which are idle. The third mazhab is the alternative monetary system that advocated of Syuratiq Process. It is where a policy that taken by the monetary authorities is based on discussion prior with the real sector. Which is the main characteristic of the Islamic monetary system in its policy instruments are not leaving the ideology of Islamic economics nor throw needs of economic returns for economic players, namely profit sharing. Then it is expected satisfy the human need for material and immaterial, so the true welfare can be achieved

  11. The Rise of Islamic Feminism in Kuwait

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    Haya al-Mughni

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available The paper examines the emergence of Islamic Feminism in Kuwait, based on the writings and personal accounts of leading Islamist women activists.  It begins with an analysis of the socio-political factors that led to the creation of Islamic groups in the 1980s. It then outlines the role of women in the growth of the Islamic movement and shows how the contradictions between women’s contributions to the Islamic cause and the secondary role they play within the Islamic organizations controlled by men were conducive to the rise of Islamic feminism in the 1990s. The paper also demonstrates how the involvement of islamist women in the struggle for suffrage forging a coalition with liberal women activists had played a decisive role in changing the position of islamist groups towards the enfranchisement of women. The last two sections of the paper look at the participation of islamist women activists in the re-definition of the dichotomy between the public and private spheres and at their involvement in the process of interpretation of Islamic sources, known as Ijtihâd. The paper concludes that the engagement of islamist women activists in the discourse of women’s rights can be powerful agent of change towards a more egalitarian society.

  12. Assisted reproductive technology: Islamic Sunni perspective.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Chamsi-Pasha, Hassan; Albar, Mohammed Ali

    2015-06-01

    Islam acknowledges that infertility is a significant hardship. Attempts to cure infertility are not only permissible, but also encouraged in Islam. Over the last three decades, a multitude of advances in assisted reproductive technologies (ARTs) have appeared. This review was carried out to inform readers, who are not familiar with Islamic doctrine, about the Sunni perspective on this topic. Systematic review of the literature. A series of searches was conducted of Medline databases published in English between January 1978 and December 2013 with the following assisted reproduction, infertility, gender selection, ethics, bioethics, and Islam. In Islamic Sunni law, all ARTs are allowed, provided that the source of the sperm, ovum, and uterus comes from a legally married couple during the span of their marriage. All forms of surrogacy are forbidden. A third-party donor is not allowed, whether he or she is providing sperm, eggs, embryos, or a uterus. Frozen preimplantation may be transferred to the wife in a successive cycle provided the marital bondage is not absolved by death or divorce. Gender selection for medical reasons is permitted. It is allowed for limited social reasons by some jurists, provided it does not involve discrimination against either sex. ART is acceptable and commendable in Islamic Sunni law provided it is practiced within the husband and wife dyad during the span of their marital contract. No third party should intrude upon the marital function of procreation. Surrogacy is not accepted by Sunni Islamic authorities.

  13. CONCEPTUALIZING ISLAMIC BASED EDUCATION: An attempt toward Islamization of Educational System in Aceh

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    Hasan Basri

    2015-02-01

    Full Text Available This study proves that Islam has a unique concept of education and constructive values that can be applied in educational system. Discussion on Islamic education has not ended yet; that is why to reveal the Islamic educational values deriving from the primary sources of Islam, the Qur’an and Sunna (prophetic tradition, is not insignificant in the context of educational system in Aceh. Since Aceh has specific privilege in the fields of education, religion, and culture, it is crucial to break up earth the Islamic values and apply them into education programs. Realizing such programs should take accurate and strategic steps through islamization of education, integration of values, and internationalization of way of thinking. Besides, curriculum, method, system, policy, and dichotomy of educational system must be reformed concurrently.

  14. Features influencing Islamic websites use: A Muslim user perspective

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mansur Aliyu

    2013-06-01

    Full Text Available Muslim scholars and organisations use the Internet through various websites to spread Islam globally. The presence of many websites providing Islamic contents online makes it necessary to examine their Islamic features and the factors that influence Muslims to use Islamic websites. This paper empirically investigates the Islamic features that influence the use of Islamic websites by Muslim users. The identified Islamic factors were grouped under five factors: beliefs, ethics, services, symbols, and values. A survey of 246 Muslim Islamic website users was conducted between November and December  2012 at the International Islamic University Malaysia (IIUM. The study develops and tests a path measurement model to confirm the psychometric properties of the five identified factors. The study found that Islamic features significantly influence Muslims to use Islamic websites. The measurement model and empirical results provide valuable indicators for the direction of future research and also suggest guidelines for developing Islamic websites that will easily influence many Internet users to visit them in order to learn about Islamic teachings and practices. The findings are also of considerable importance as they contribute to the present body of knowledge on Islamic websites’ evaluation and for practice in designing and developing quality Islamic websites.

  15. ISLAM AND ARAT SABULUNGAN IN MENTAWAI

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    Maskota Delfi

    2013-12-01

    Full Text Available The remoteness of the Mentawai Islands has contributed to an almost autonomous development, unaided by mainland Sumatra. As a result of a well endowed environment and supported by staple local foods such as sago, taro and bananas, as well as an abundance of wildlife including wild boars, a finely tuned self-sufficiency was realised. In this space the management and distribution of food, including animal protein, is an important aspect of the culture of Arat Sabulungan. As the result of the compulsory state sanctioned religions program introduced in 1954, some Mentawaians have converted to Islam or Catholicism as their formal religious identity. However, a remarkable adaptation occured in which the layers of Mentawai identity were not lost in the adaption to the Islamic faith. Islam with its teachings, and other formal religions, are considered as  the sasareu (outsiders. The prohibition of consuming boar as part of islamic rules is a sasareu rules that contradict to Mentawaian Arat .[Kepulauan Mentawai yang terisolasi telah berkembang secara mandiri tanpa bantuan dari pulau induknya, Sumatra. Lingkungan yang subur dan mendukung ketersediaan sumber makanan pokok lokal seperti sagu, talas, dan pisang serta berlimpahnya satwa liar, termasuk babi hutan, telah mendorong terciptanya swasembada pangan. Manajemen dan distribusi makanan merupakan aspek penting dalam jalinan budaya dan sistem kepercayaan local, Arat Sabulungan. Sebagai hasil dari kebijakan pemerintah untuk menerapkan agama resmi bagi orang Mentawai pada tahun 1954, orang Mentawai kemudian masuk Islam atau Katolik. Namun demikian, adaptasi yang luar biasa juga terjadi, sehingga lapisan-lapisan identitas Mentawai tidak hilang dalam adaptasinya dengan keyakinan Islam. Islam dengan ajaran-ajarannya, juga agama-agama dunia lainnya, dipandang sebagai ajaran asing. Larangan mengkonsumsi daging babi sebagai bagian dari ajaran Islam, misalnya, dipandang sebagai ajaran asing yang bertentangan

  16. Islamic Boarding School Curriculum in Indonesia: a Case Study in Islamic Boarding School in South Kalimantan

    OpenAIRE

    Yakin, Husnul

    2012-01-01

    Islamic boarding school as traditional Islamic education institution is an invaluable part of Indonesian national education system. This education institute has been able to show itself freely according to society needs and epoch demand without loosing its essential identity as tafaqquh fiddin institution. The important factor that sustains this condition can be seen from the curriculum aspect. Therefore, this article is intended to investigate Islamic boarding school curriculum in Indonesia,...

  17. MENUJU DIALOG ISLAM – KRISTEN: PERJUMPAAN GEREJA ORTODOKS SYRIA DENGAN ISLAM

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Zaenul Arifin

    2012-05-01

    Konflik antara Kristen dengan Islam tampil dalam sejarah agama. Karena memiliki sumber asal yang sama, kedua agama selalu terlibat dalam kontak ke­kerasan. Tulisan ini mencoba untuk mengkaji secara mendalam geraja orthodoks Syria dan ditemukan akan adanya akar yang sama dengan Islam. Ditemukan pula adanya paralelisasi dalam aspek teologinya, khususnya pe­laksana­an kewajiban agama. Data yang didapatkan menunjukkan arti penting dalam pengembangan dialog antara Islam dengan Kristen

  18. Membangun kesadaran inklusifmultikultural untuk deradikalisasi pendidikan Islam

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Andik Wahyun Muqoyyidin

    2014-09-01

    Full Text Available There are still many acts of terrorism that are as concrete evidences of how the use of the security approach alone isn’t effective enough to eradicate terrorism and Islamic radicalism to its roots in Indonesian. Therefore, various approaches of handling terrorism and Islamic radicalism must also be constantly pursued. That is the de-radicalization program through the nuances of Islamic education multicultural inclusiveness. In this case, they should pay attention to curriculum factors, educators, and educators use learning strategies.

  19. Islam in the Governmentality of the State

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Vinding, Niels Valdemar

    2009-01-01

    with Islam and Muslim organisations. Thus the role and future of Islam in Europe is currently and continuously being reshaped by both Muslims and by the discourses in the European communities. Ultimately, this presentation gives to interrelated examples to show the changing identity of Muslims and rephrased...... norms of Shari'a in a current British context. Firstly, multiculturalism - as the framework for understanding religious plurality and diversity within liberal societies - is shown to be an ongoing examination and evaluation of Islamic norms. Secondly, within this frame, specific institutions...

  20. Pengaruh Islam terhadap Budaya Kerja Suku Sasak

    OpenAIRE

    Muhasim, Muhasim

    2016-01-01

    Lombok Island, the island in 1000 (one thousand) mosque, which is the place of domicile sasak, which is majority Muslim. Islam is meant here is based on the creed of monotheism, Shari'a and morals, with sincerity, priests and science. Islam is the doctrine of truth that comes from God the Creator, except that there is an act of culture and human behavior. Therefore, Islam and culture are two different sides, and may influence each other. Culture sasak unique and different than the culture of ...

  1. Implikasi Nilai dalam Proses Pendidikan Islam

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Abd. Aziz

    2013-06-01

    Full Text Available Merit can be understood as the standard of how human being behaves in relation to others. Merit or moral value can be classified in some categories depending on the perspectives by which such merit is viewed. In general, merit is classified into two, namely formal and material. This writing is intended to discuss how such classification works within the context of Islamic education. It is believed that Islamic merit only remains as subject matter but it is not internalized into students’ way of life. Thus, even though students achieve high scores in their Islamic subject matter, their behaviour is not acceptable in the society.

  2. ISLAM DAN PELESTARIAN LINGKUNGAN HIDUP: Menggagas Pendidikan Islam Berwawasan Lingkungan

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    Siswanto Siswanto

    2012-03-01

    Full Text Available AbstracFrom theological view, human must be able to appreciate the environment. Religious ethics toward nature takes mankind to be responsible so that they can avoid the damage. In other words, to trash the environments means to destroy the human themselves. On the basis of this context, religious-education institution is expected to prove the graduates with a standard commitment to conserve the ecology . Establishing “Green Madrasah” becomes one of efforts that must be obtained. It is an education model that can transform religious-moral values into each aspect of socio-economic development. This has also been a mode of education which functionalize human as leader, ruler, and maintainer of nature and environmentKata-kata kunciIslam, pendidikan agama, lingkungan hidup, khalifah, madrasah hijau

  3. The Concept of Islamic Literature and Islamization of Literature through the Different ages(Arabic

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    Dr. Sanāullah al Azhari

    2017-07-01

    Full Text Available Islamic literature is a term referring to the school of thought who believes that a good literary work should view God, man and the world through the lens of Islam. It is conceived that the style of such literature must be of high quality with the Qur’ān, Ḥadith and the legacy of the Islamic scholars being its model. Islamic literature is a universal literature and can be written in any language. However, most of what has been written on the theory and practice of Islamic literature is in Arabic. This study discusses the model of Islamic literature in era of Islam, Umayyad period, Abbasid period, and Modern world. Topics of Islamic literature in modern times are dealing with the moral values in the Qur’ān and the Sunnah of the Prophet, peace be upon him. It discusses Jurisprudence in worship Biography of the Prophet and Praise of the Prophet and his companions God bless them all. The deep knowledge of Arabic language and Islamic literature solves the social and cultural problems around the world.

  4. Kontestasi Konsepsi Religius dan Ritualitas Islam Pribumi Versus Islam Salafi di Sasak Lombok

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    Mohamad Iwan Fitriani

    2016-07-01

    Full Text Available This article focuses on the contestation of local Islam and salafy at Narmada, West Lombok. This tension is inevitable thing, since they have different way of understanding and realizing Islamic teaching. Local Islam wants the locality and universality co-present to actualize ideal Islamic teaching, on the contrary, salafy wants to purify Islamic teaching from any kind of local traditions. Here, Local Islam of Sasak Narmada refers to Islam which has long interaction with several indigenous belief of Sasaknese manifested in Wetu Telu and Wetu Limeand salafy refers to several (not all salafy’s followers who interact with local Muslims. This difference brings into contestation when salafy popularize bid‘ah, syncretic or syirk for local Muslims adherent in one hand and local Muslims want to save Islamic teaching from salafy in another hand. The contestation is classified into religious conceptions and ritual. Many Wetu Lime’s followers enjoy their religious conceptions and rituals without leaving several Wetu Telu traditions and without being afraid of falling into polytheism for a main reason that what they do is one means of manfesting Islamic universal values in local traditions and having no intention to be polytheist. This study shows that looking for the meaning behind the conception or observed ritual is an essential thing in diverse internal religious belief to spread peace in which theology needs to be accompanied by other perspective.

  5. “Faithful money” as a new monetary concept of the Islamic banking

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    Nesrin Benhayoun

    2016-09-01

    Full Text Available Coinciding with the Great Recession, Islamic banks have grown rapidly and have crossed the significant milestone of increased wider acceptance at a global level. In part this is due to their unique behavior in considering both ethical and economic activities rather than focus of profit only. This presents a departure from the conventional finance systems based on the use of the interest and the time value of money. This has led to propose new pattern named ’Faithful Money’ for valuation of money and for a performing monetary policy according to Islamic finance basics. This paper presents how following Islamic finance principles can offer substantive contributions to the economic and social development of the world by revealing the rational route to the vision of the highest good without the anathema of interests and debts’ dependence and to embrace the goal to advance the needs of humanity as a whole.

  6. Radio stars

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Hjellming, R.M.

    1976-01-01

    Any discussion of the radio emission from stars should begin by emphasizing certain unique problems. First of all, one must clarify a semantic confusion introduced into radio astronomy in the late 1950's when most new radio sources were described as radio stars. All of these early 'radio stars' were eventually identified with other galactic and extra-galactic objects. The study of true radio stars, where the radio emission is produced in the atmosphere of a star, began only in the 1960's. Most of the work on the subject has, in fact, been carried out in only the last few years. Because the real information about radio stars is quite new, it is not surprising that major aspects of the subject are not at all understood. For this reason this paper is organized mainly around three questions: what is the available observational information; what physical processes seem to be involved; and what working hypotheses look potentially fruitful. (Auth.)

  7. Shooting stars

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Maurette, M.; Hammer, C.

    1985-01-01

    A shooting star passage -even a star shower- can be sometimes easily seen during moonless black night. They represent the partial volatilization in earth atmosphere of meteorites or micrometeorites reduced in cosmic dusts. Everywhere on earth, these star dusts are searched to be gathered. This research made one year ago on the Greenland ice-cap is this article object; orbit gathering projects are also presented [fr

  8. THE DEVELOPMENT OF INDONESIAN ISLAMIC LAW: A Historical Overview

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    Ahmad Yasa

    2015-06-01

    Full Text Available Islamic Law is a set of promoted regulations adjusting human relationship to the Creator, human being and the environment based on Islamic doctrines. The Islamic Law has been established in Indonesia and effectively implemented in Indonesian Religious Court based on Law Number 7 of 1989. The law covers the areas of marriage, inheritance, will, bequest, benefaction and alms. In addition, especially in Aceh, with its peculiar feature, Islamic Law has been applied normatively, and in several areas it has been applied based on Local Regulations. However to perform the Islamic Law, it depends on faith and piety of the members of Islam. Thereby, although the formal law in juridical manner of Islamic Law in Indonesia was justly applied in limited civil law, however the Muslim society have stepped forward in applying Islamic Law in various Islamic social institutions.

  9. ISLAM JAWA IN DIASPORA AND QUESTIONS ON LOCALITY

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    Maftukhin Maftukhin

    2016-12-01

    Full Text Available This article examines the translocal Islam Jawa (Javanese Islam that characterises the deterritorialisation of culture through space and time. Contrary to mainstream approaches to Islam Jawa that tends substantially picture Islam and Muslim in Java as a mere “localised form of Islam”, it sees Islam Jawa as a “translocal” practices. In addition, it sees that the idea of Islam Jawa travels, deterritorialises, and reterritorialises in different times and places. Therefore, what is imagined by scholars as “local Islam” is not local in traditional and geographical senses because Islam Jawa is formed, shaped and influenced by the mobility, entanglement, connectivity across oceans, regions, and borders. The Islam Jawa also travels to a different place, transcending the modern limits of nation-states' boundaries. Islam Jawa is a product and a consequence of the efforts to establish between “imagined” spatial and temporal congruence.

  10. Islamic Puritanism Movements in Indonesia as Transnational Movements

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    Benny Baskara

    2017-04-01

    Full Text Available Islamic puritanism movements are the movements compelling to return to the teachings of Quran and Sunnah, as the pure teachings of Islam and abandon even abolish other teachings outside the teachings of Quran and Sunnah. The movements of Islamic puritanism can be considered as transnational movements because they spread their teachings and ideologies, create organizations, networks, and provide financial supports across nations. This paper describes Islamic puritanism movements in Indonesia and their transnational connections. Some Islamic puritanism movements in Indonesia can be considered as part of Islamic transnational movements, in which most of the movements are centered in the Middle East. In Indonesia, Islamic puritanism movements firstly appeared in the beginning of the nineteenth century, called Padri movement in West Sumatra. It was then continued to the emergence of Islamic organizations in the twentieth century. Recently, Islamic puritanism movements in Indonesia mostly take form as Salafism-Wahabism movements.

  11. MARTYRS OR TERRORISTS: SUICIDE BOMBING IN ISLAMIC ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Alfa

    Most sociologists, anthropologists and scholars with backgrounds different from ... evidence that martyrdom or self-sacrifice operation is not alien to Islam but, the ... defines terrorism as ―the calculated use of violence or threat of violence to.

  12. Features of Islamic Health-Treatment Doctrine

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    Ali Reza Alinouri

    2015-03-01

    Full Text Available Islam has particular style and doctrine about health and treatment that makes it different from other treatment methods. The aim of this article is studying the principles and methods of Islamic health treatment and the attitudes of this religion toward appearance of disease caused by material or immaterial factors. This article is review type and it is presented by descriptive analysis method from religious sources. Islam is a religion which is oriented towards health with health-treatment features, priority of prevention over treatment by reforming nutritional principles, tolerance of disease and avoidance of taking medicine if the disease is not sever, paying attention to spiritual causes of illness in addition to physical factors and necessity of treatment as a Divine Will and avoidance of treatment by Haraam because God has not placed healing in Haraam. These features have made Islamic health - treatment doctrine as unique.

  13. Islam and Economic Growth in Malaysia

    National Research Council Canada - National Science Library

    bin

    2003-01-01

    .... The teachings of Islam, however, prescribe democratic governance and free-market economics. While Muslims, as a whole, have tremendous economics potential, many Muslims are among the world's poorest and least educated...

  14. Politik Hukum Berkeadaban Perspektif Filsafat Islam

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    Yogi Prasetyo

    2017-01-01

    Full Text Available This is the result of research that aims to explain the legal and political civilization civilized in Isla philosophical perspective. With literature study method and the philosophical approach of the data collected, verified and analyzed. The results showed that as the core of the Islamic civilization which can affect all aspects of human life and therefore civilization should become a legal political concept in accordance with Islamic values that have alignments to the virtues of the world of human life and the hereafter. Political law as a legal way to achieve legal establishment have made many disalahgunkan for maneuvering behind the legality of the law. The necessity to fix the legal politics only interest-oriented materialistic secular with Islamic philosophy, as with the values of Islam that comes from God as the highest authority over all can be transformed into a real life human being, so that the safety and happiness of the world and the hereafter can achieved.

  15. Interest and gharar in Islamic banking

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    Milenković Ivan

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available Islamic banking is relatively unknown to us. Although Islamic banking is only a segment or a 'niche' of the overall banking industry and banking market, its significance is rising steadily, and it will play an important role in the near future. Islamic banks, especially in light of the latest economic and political developments in Serbia (Etihad's acquisition of JAT, the project 'Belgrade Waterfront', etc. are not so far away from the Serbian banking system, so it is necessary to understand the basic forbidden categories in it, which is the main topic of this paper. Interest and gharar, which is a category in Islamic banking that is much broader, more comprehensive and more ambiguous than risk or speculation, are discussed in details.

  16. Journal for Islamic Studies - Vol 33 (2013)

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Sexing Islamic Theology: Theorising Women's Experience and Gender through ʿabd-Allah and khalīfah · EMAIL FULL TEXT EMAIL FULL TEXT · DOWNLOAD FULL TEXT DOWNLOAD FULL TEXT. N Hoel, S Shaikh, 127-150 ...

  17. THE TAQNIN OF INDONESIAN ISLAMIC LAW DYNAMIC

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    M. Noor Harisudin

    2015-06-01

    Full Text Available Taqnin with the meaning of legislation on Islamic aspects actually has been a long story in Indonesia. It can be traced in Islamic courts in the archipelago. In the colonial era, the Dutch once accommodated certain aspects of Islamic law, until they decided to limit it. It especially can be seen in the institution of religious court. After the independence, the taqnin was reintroduced. It can be seen from the Piagam Jakarta (Jakarta Charter which included the statement of “Belief in God Almighty by following the sharia for its adherents”. However, this statement was edited to accommodate the aspiration of non-Muslims and the nationalists. In the following periods, legislation of certain aspects of Islam gained momentum in the late period of the New Order after Suharto sought political supports from Muslims. In the reformation era, the democratic atmosphere has opened a wider space for the efforts of taqnin.

  18. Fighting Islamic Terrorists With Democracy: A Critique

    National Research Council Canada - National Science Library

    Stebbins, Jr, William E

    2007-01-01

    .... One key pillar of U.S. strategic response has been the active promotion of Western representative democracy in those regions of the Islamic world identified as jihadist centers of incubation (namely...

  19. Islam Dalam Karya R. Ng. Rangga Warsita

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    Pardi Pardi

    2008-12-01

    Full Text Available Ranggawarsita as a cultural observer in his era, has a distinctive feature of his own compared to other Java poets. The name of R. Ngabei Ranggawarsita has been attached so much with the life of Javanese until this time. Zaman edan concept in his work Sera/ Kalatidha has become an icon of Javanese thought over the time. The poet has to be known as a Java poet. Whereas, since young Ranggawarsita lived in Islamic culture situation in complience with the dynamic of Javanese life journey. That way, Ranggawarsita can put the Javanese values correlated with Islamic theory in order. Ranggawarsita has a deep understanding toward Javanese and Islamic culture that are expressed in his works, such as Serat Kalatidha, Serat Supanalaya, and Sera/Wedharaga. The analysis of this paper proves that Ranggawarsita can express harmony thought or the equilibrium between Javanese and Islamic thought.

  20. Monopoly and Ikhtikar in Islamic Economics

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    M. Nur Rianto Al Arif

    2016-12-01

    Full Text Available Monopoly is a form of market imperfection, which does not occur in a competitive market. Ikhtikar is a form of market distortion caused by the occurrence of engineering in the market. Monopoly, from the perspective of Islamic economics, differs from ikhtikar. There are several criteria that must be met in order for an economic action to fulfill the category of ikhtikar. In Islamic economics, it is prohibited for a producer to deliberately engineer, either by hoarding or proporting scarcity, to obtain greater profits as price becomes more expensive. In Islamic economics, a monopoly is permitted, though monopolies can not charge rent. The government must take an effective role in preventing market distortion to maximize the wellbeing of society.   Keywords: ikhtikar, monopoly, government’s role, islamic economics

  1. PARADIGMA PENDIDIKAN AGAMA ISLAM BERWAWASAN MULTIKULTURAL

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    Deny Silvia

    2017-10-01

    Full Text Available Islam in Indonesia is brought by the traders. It is not brought by soldiers or terrorists. When we learn the history of Islam in Indonesia, the development of Islamic societies through various ways and media, for example, trade and purchase, marriage, and “dakwah”. In terms of education to build Islamic education with multicultural insights, the educators must have high moral integrity by promoting ethical-moral as an integral part of their personality. Then educators also must have a deep understanding and also has a high sensitivity in analyzing issues of religious which is being developed in the community. Then, these educators help students to be aware of the importance of understanding the culture in society especially on religious term.

  2. Urgensi Pembelajaran Bahasa Arab dalam Pendidikan Islam

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    Asna Andriani

    2015-06-01

    Full Text Available Language is very important for everyone used to deliver information, ideas, and thought from a person to others. One of the oldest languages in this world is Arabic. It is used in oral and written form and it contributes to the development of Islamic thought tradition in some Islamic texts such as Qur’an, Hadits, Tafsir, Fiqih, Tasawuf, etc. Therefore, it is very important for Moslems to learn Arabic language especially in the realm of Islamic education as to gain deep understanding about the substances or contents (meaning sense of the text. This article discusses about the important roles of Arabic in islamic education to increase the faith quality and good behavior of Moslems.

  3. Pemikiran Abdurrahman Wahid tentang Pribumisasi Islam

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    Ainul Fitriah

    2015-10-01

    Full Text Available This article explores the thought of “indigenization of Islam” of Abdurrahman Wahid’s. Indigenization of Islam is how the normative teachings of Islam as derived from God and it can be accommodated into the culture derived from human without losing its identity, respectively. As to Abdurrahmad Wahid or Gus Dur, Arabism (or process identifies with the Middle Eastern culture would deprive us of his own cultural roots. More than that, Arabism is not suitable. Indigenization is not an effort to avoid the emergence of resistance of the power of local cultures, but instead that culture is not lost. The core of indigenization of Islam (Islamic natives is not a necessity to avoid pillarization between religion and culture, because such polarization is not inevitable.

  4. Islam and Economic Growth in Malaysia

    National Research Council Canada - National Science Library

    bin

    2003-01-01

    .... This thesis discusses nation building by fusing Islam, pluralism, democracy, and modernity. It argues that Malaysia's religious tolerance and adherence to western development models fostered economic growth since its independence...

  5. Islamic Feminism: transnational and national reflections

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    Mulki Al-Sharmani

    2014-12-01

    Full Text Available This article focuses on contemporary interpretive knowledge projects that engage critically with Islamic religious sciences, and which are driven by the question of gender justice. These projects, which have been loosely termed as Islamic Feminism, are undertaken by Muslim women scholars from different countries who are committed to their religious faith and who are working towards the production of alternative, gender-sensitive religious knowledge. The paper has three aims: 1 to review the contestations about the definition, categorization, goals, and significance of what has been termed Islamic feminism, 2 to provide an alternative description of these knowledge projects and identify some hermeneutical characteristics that link them and which perhaps could be the basis for delineating them as a new field of knowledge, 3 to map out the trajectory of building new religion-based feminist knowledge in Egypt, shedding light on light on current knowledge projects that can be labelled as Islamic feminism.

  6. Testing for multifractality of Islamic stock markets

    Science.gov (United States)

    Saâdaoui, Foued

    2018-04-01

    Studying the power-law scaling of financial time series is a promising area of econophysics, which has often contributed to the understanding of the intricate features of the global markets. In this article, we examine the multifractality of some financial processes and the underlying formation mechanisms in the context of Islamic equity markets. The well-known Multifractal Detrended Fluctuation Analysis (MF-DFA) is used to investigate the self-similar properties of two Dow Jones Islamic Market Indexes (DJIM). The results prove that both indexes exhibit multifractal properties. By discussing the sources of multifractality, we find that they are related to the occurrence of extreme events, long-range dependency of autocorrelations and fat-tailed distribution of returns. These results have several important implications for analysts and decision makers in modeling the dynamics of Islamic markets, thus recommending efficient asset allocation plans to investors dealing with Islamic equity markets.

  7. Pendidikan Tinggi Islam dan Pengembangan Entrepreneuer Skill

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    Muhammad Muhammad

    2009-12-01

    Full Text Available Islamic education has three related foundations. One of the intended foundations is education and teaching. Without leaving aside other two foundations (research and dedication to the society, education is the important element that becomes the instrument of potential development of human resources that have competitive superiority. Two kinds of these superiorities (added by collaborative and spiritual superiority become “condition sine qua non” that has to be developed by Islamic education world, so that its existence will not be the “ivory tower”. The knowledge expansion from normative way to the development of business skill which stands on religious values as “added value” that becomes a must in the middle of crowded global economic. The objectives of this article are to explain the basic economic concept which is built on the foundation and religious value (Read: Islamic Economy, entrepreneurship character building and the role of Islamic University.

  8. The Islamic Revolution and Education in Iran.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Shorish, M. Mobin

    1988-01-01

    Analyzes the themes of 16 recent Iranian textbooks to profile the ideal Islamic person as seen by Iranian revolutionaries. Suggests that revolutionary values taught in the schools are consistent with those of other Iranian socializing agencies. Contains 25 references. (SV)

  9. MONOPOLI DALAM PERSPEKTIF EKONOMI ISLAM

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    Dede Abdul Fatah

    2016-02-01

    Full Text Available Monopoly in Islamic economic perspective means withholding or hoarding goods on purpose, especially in times of scarcity, with the goal of raising the price at a later date in order to obtain greater profits. Monopolistic practices is a type of violation will result in mu‘âmalah because market mechanisms disrupted,so that producers will get a big profit (monopolistic rent, while the consumer due to the accumulation of actions will suffer and get loss. Therefore, this monopoly will bring people in general harmed by the act of a small group of monopolists very unjust, selfish and irresponsible.DOI: 10.15408/aiq.v4i2.2546

  10. Conventional Leasing vs Islamic Leasing

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    Violeta ISAI

    2014-12-01

    Full Text Available Leasing developed in time, from the simple form of renting to the modern modality of financial from nowadays, as an alternative for loan. It is present in the entire world, being used both by the financial specialized companies and banks, and the clients are companies and population. The object of leasing contract can be assets and also services, which are rented by the financier (lessor, on definite period, to the client (lessee, in exchange for a leasing rate (rent. The registering in accounting and the fiscal implications in the companies financial administration are different, according to the leasing form which they are using. The capitalist system has in view to obtain profit from renting, but the Islamic System, based on Șaria, forbids renting “haram” assets and services, obtaining interest from renting and using the leasing contract for the transfer of the property.

  11. ETIKA JUAL BELI DALAM ISLAM

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    Syaifullah MS

    2014-12-01

    Full Text Available Buying and selling is a means of mankind to meet the needs of each individual.On the one hand, the seller can be a buyer, and on the other hand, the buyer may be a seller,till he or she meets the latest buyer who acts as a consumer. Thus, buying and selling can be very susceptible to manipulation to something desired by one party in order to gain benefit even beyond rational matter. Therefore, buying and selling in Islam cannot be separated from ethics. The ethics must be held by all parties in order to maintain public interest for all people. The purpose to eastablish a safe, peaceful, and honest market system in order to avoid wrong-doing system that can be detrimental to all parties

  12. Transformasi kebudayaan Islam di Kotagede

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    Nasiwan Nasiwan

    2015-10-01

    There are some main results of the research.l Prediction of Mitsuo Nakamura which stated that subculture of santri in Kotagede has capability to lead changes, is still releant and valid due to their nowadays practices of life. While some part ofhis thoughts is notmore valid because some politictd configuration at national level occurs. 2 Cultural traniformation occurs in Kotagede; which is especially inspired and generatedby subculture of Modernist Islam. There is a phenomenon that value standard which was decidedby Majelis Tatjih Muhammadiyah is partially ignored.Approach of dakwah (religious proselytizing got going to accommodate sym­bols and traditions ofsociety of Kotagede. "Undercover insubordination" against Tarjih Muhammadiyah has appeared as reflected in emergence of term "MUjA", abbreviated form Muhammadiyah jawa (Javanese Muhammadiyah,and of permissive culture.

  13. Pasar Modal dalam Perspektif Islam

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Romansyah

    2015-06-01

    Full Text Available Capital Markets are long enough to be known by the entrepreneurs and the investors in an effort to expand their businesses or by that of speculators simply for looking for great profits. The Indonesian capital markets are supervised by BAPEPAM in order to prevent illicit transactions that include window dressing. The capital markets may operate through the primary market, secondary market, third market and fourth market; yet, only the primary market that is expected to run in accordance to shari'a. This is because the issuers directly offer their shares or securities to prospective buyers or potential investors without going through the brokers’ services. This article is thus to analyses this primary market option from the Islamic law point of view.

  14. FINDING ISLAM IN CINEMA: Islamic Films and the Identity of Indonesian Muslim Youths

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    H Hariyadi

    2013-12-01

    Full Text Available This paper discusses Islamic films in Indonesia that have been a phenomenon since a decade. It is reported that Islamic films have been consciously produced to propagate Islamic lessons to the Muslim youths. The paper challenges the notion that young adults are passive recipients as proposed by some popular culture theorists. They did not merely become object of ideologies injected by filmmakers, and their responses were not an unquestioning acceptance. The research found that some Muslim youths have been ambiguous toward the emergence of Islamic films. Watching movie for Indonesian youths is an important way to construct identity, and they feel that there is a sense of religious ritual involved in film viewing, especially with Islamic messages. I argue that Islamic films help Indonesian young people to develop their own distinctive identity, being new sources of authority apart from parents, formal education, and friends.[Tulisan ini membahas film islami di Indonesia yang menjadi fenomena sejak satu dekade terakhir. Film-film islami sengaja dibuat untuk menyebarkan ajaran Islam dengan sasaran kalangan muda. Makalah ini menolak gagasan bahwa remaja adalah penerima pasif seperti yang diajukan oleh teori budaya popular. Mereka tidak hanya menjadi objek desakan ideologi pembuat film dan mereka juga tidak bisa menerimanya secara bulat. Sebagian pemuda muslim merasa ambigu menghadapi munculnya film-film Islam. Di sisi lain, menonton film menjadi media untuk membangun identitas diri dan dapat dirasakan sebagai bagian dari ritual agama, khususnya ketika menonton film yang mengandung pesan-pesan Islam. Dengan demikian, film Islam membantu pemuda Indonesia untuk mengembangkan identitas mereka sendiri dan menjadi sumber otoritas baru di luar orang tua, pendidikan formal, dan lingkungan pergaulan.]Keywords: religious film, youth identity, Islamic cinema

  15. Islam

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Olesen, Jens-Peter Noes

    2016-01-01

    Bag historisk og kulturelt variable og skiftende fremtrædelsesformer består afgørende eksistentielle grundvilkår og grundtræk. Den filosofiske, teologiske, religiøse og kunstneriske tradition kan kaste lys over og bevidstgøre om disse grundvilkår og disse grundtræks tilsynekomster under nye histo...

  16. Innate ideas in Islamic philosophy

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Halilović Tehran

    2017-01-01

    Full Text Available The human soul is the subject of debates in numerous scientific disciplines. Philosophical considerations encompass a special dimension of the human soul that is related to ontological truths. Among different philosophical questions raised regarding the human soul, the issue of innate ideas particularly stands out. Well-known points of disagreement between Plato and Aristotle regarding this question are usually focused on whether a person possesses knowledge and thoughts from their creation, i.e. birth, or they acquire them through time and experience. With the appearance of Cartesian scepticism and following the solutions Descartes offered for the problem of certain knowledge, the issue of innate ideas has remained the focal question for many prominent philosophers. In the Islamic philosophy, the rational explanation of the nature of innate ideas originates from the more comprehensive theory of the human soul and it states that a person, according to their nature, possesses already existent cognitive abilities they were born with. Innate cognitive abilities discussed in the Islamic philosophy do not refer just to theoretical, but to practical knowledge, as well. Therefore, the analysis of innate ideas in the works of Muslim philosophers is connected to a larger number of scientific disciplines than when it comes to most Western philosophers. The difference between the practical and theoretic intellect will serve as a cognitive basis for defining another aspect of innate ideas. The products of a practical intellect, the human will and his actions, are personal and particular and, therefore, can be connected to the everyday life of a person. Owing to the general presence of the practical intellect in all life spheres, the influence of innate ideas, which are determined in a human being, is recognizable in all most detailed moments of their life.

  17. Islamism and Security in Bosnia-Herzegovina

    Science.gov (United States)

    2014-05-01

    planted a seed here and you will have more and more Bosnian Muslims prac- ticing traditional Islam.”30 The most obvious sign of this trend are the so...contrast to that of representatives and leaders of the Islamic Com- munity in Montenegro , who did not hesitate to con- demn Wahhabist activities.97...Croatia, Romania, and Slovenia have joined the EU, and Macedonia, Montenegro , and Serbia have been accept- ed as candidates. Albania and Bosnia

  18. An Economic Theory of Islamic Finance Regulation

    OpenAIRE

    Al-Jarhi, Mabid

    2015-01-01

    We argue that regulation can improve the performance of conventional banks up to a limit, but cannot eliminate the deficiencies resulting from the use of the conventional loan contract. Islamic finance requires complicated and costly procedures compared to conventional finance. Yet, it has significant macroeconomic benefits, which cannot be internalized by individual banks. Therefore, Islamic bankers tend to mimic conventional finance in order to cut costs and maximize short-term profits....

  19. Islam Observed: the Case of Contemporary Malaysia

    OpenAIRE

    Metzger, Laurent

    1998-01-01

    The phenomenon of the rise of Islam in Malaysia does not attract much attention of observers when compared with the same phenomenon in the countries of the Middle East, North Africa, Central or South Asia. This paper attempted to review comprehensively the development of Islam in Malaysia since obtaining its independence from Britain in August 1957.Copyright (c) 2014 by SDI. All right reserved.DOI: 10.15408/sdi.v5i2.753

  20. Ethics in Relation to Islamic Finance Activities

    OpenAIRE

    Ismail, Abdul Ghafar; Zali, Nor Azmidah

    2015-01-01

    Ethics has been fundamental in organizations and in specific, Islamic financial institutions have selected ethics as their core competencies. Islam accepts ethics as a good value in enhancing company performance since ethics is grounded by Shariah rules. The ethical issues have been raised steadily in business and they do not seem to settle as a lot of companies have not been aware of its importance. There are a lot of theories of ethics that have been introduced but the number of unethical b...

  1. [The representation of the body in Islam].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Beloucif, Sadek

    Science and Islamic culture incorporate the sacred and the profane. For a Muslim, science must be useful for humanity, and scientists must take responsibility, commensurate with their knowledge, for the potential consequences of their research. In this context, questions relating to the body in Islam take into account the Quran, hadiths and elements of established precedents. Copyright © 2018 Elsevier Masson SAS. All rights reserved.

  2. KONSEP PSIKOLOGI ISLAM DALAM SASTRA SUFI

    OpenAIRE

    Subandi, M.A.

    2011-01-01

    The article aims to elaborate the concepts of general psychology and particularly of Islamic psychology in the literary works of sufistic community, mainly on poems. There are three fields of psychology studied in this article, i.e. psychology of development, psychology of personality and psychoteraphy. The poems as sources of study are not only from Middle East works, but also from Indonesia. Islamic psychology which has been developed by Muslim psychologists recently is an alternative psych...

  3. Konsep Psikologi Islam Dalam Sastra Sufi

    OpenAIRE

    Subandi, M.A

    2010-01-01

    The article aims to elaborate the concepts of general psychology and particularly of Islamic psychology in the literary works of sufistic community, mainly on poems. There are three fields of psychology studied in this article, i.e. psychology of development, psychology of personality and psychoteraphy. The poems as sources of study are not only from Middle East works, but also from Indonesia. Islamic psychology which has been developed by Muslim psychologists recently is an alternative psych...

  4. HISTORIOGRAFI ISLAM INDONESIA: Perspektif Sejarawan Informal

    OpenAIRE

    M. Yakub

    2013-01-01

    : Historiography of Indonesian Islam: An Informal Historian Perspective. This article discusses the debate of informal historian paradigm in Indonesia on historiographical genre produced. This study employs historical method by reviewing historical works with descriptive and explorative approach on informal historians represented by Joesoef Sou'yb, HAMKA, Ali Hasjmy, all of whom have produced historical works of Islamic society in the Indonesian archipelago. The author finds that theoreticall...

  5. Upaya Islam Dalam Membendung Budaya Korupsi

    OpenAIRE

    Syarif, Zainuddin

    2012-01-01

    Corruption is one of chronic diseases in Indonesia. A country that has majority population of Islam has the highest population level. The causes are the bad character of state apparatus and the damage of political system and government That's why Islam offers some solutions to solve corruption, such as proper salary, avoiding to receive a bribe and present, the counting of treasure in the first and the last of position period, a good model leader, equitable punishment and the most thin...

  6. Recent Trends in Islamic Revivalism in Malaysia

    OpenAIRE

    M. Syukri Salleh

    2014-01-01

    The focus of the article is on the trends of Islamic revivalism before the sacking of Anwar, though where necessary, the Anwar issue has been mentioned briefly for reference. Specifically, this paper attempts, firstly, to understand the trend of Islamic revivalism before the Anwar Ibrahim episode; secondly, to analyze the factors and reasons that culminated in the changing of approach from confrontational to non-confrontational; and thirdly, to seek answers to se...

  7. Dimensi politik hukum dalam perkembangan ekonomi Islam di Indonesia

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Bambang Iswanto

    2015-02-01

    Full Text Available This study aims to describe the history of recent Islamic economic development in the correlation to politics as a sought to formulated some Islamic economic laws. This qualitative study is an exploratory- analysis. It intended to analyze the position of Islamic economic in Indonesian’s system of law, so it will found the clear description of the implementation of Islamic economic laws in Indonesia. It is a library research. The study found that it is important to found the frame of the development of the products of Islamic economic law at the both period; i.e. New Order and Reformation Era. The concept of Islamic economy is still dominated by the application of Islamic principles in the areas of finance, especially banking. This dominance is not supposed to leave the Islamic economic instruments. In this respect, it associated with the political and legal product, then all the aspects and the Islamic economic instruments should be viewed comprehensively. Tulisan ini akan menguraikan mengenai sejarah ekonomi Islam modern dan keterkaitannya dengan politik dalam upaya merumuskan berbagai hukum ekonomi Islam. Penelitian kualitatif ini merupakan studi exploratory-analysis. Pendekatan ini dimaksudkan untuk menganalisis posisi ekonomi Islam dalam tata hukum Indonesia sehingga akan dapat diperoleh gambaran bagaimana bentuk implementasi ekonomi Islam di Indonesia. Penelitian kepustakaan ini menemukan urgensi untuk menemukan kerangka pengembangan produk hukum ekonomi Islam pada dua periode yang ada yaitu Orde Baru dan Era Reformasi. Konsep ekonomi Islam masih didominasi dengan penerapan prinsip Islam dalam bidang keuangan terutama perbankan. Dominasi ini tidak seharusnya melupakan instrumen ekonomi Islam lainnya karena jika dikaitkan dengan politik dan produk hukum, maka semua aspek dan instrumen ekonomi Islam tersebut harus bisa dilihat secara komprehensif.

  8. Improved autonomous star identification algorithm

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Luo Li-Yan; Xu Lu-Ping; Zhang Hua; Sun Jing-Rong

    2015-01-01

    The log–polar transform (LPT) is introduced into the star identification because of its rotation invariance. An improved autonomous star identification algorithm is proposed in this paper to avoid the circular shift of the feature vector and to reduce the time consumed in the star identification algorithm using LPT. In the proposed algorithm, the star pattern of the same navigation star remains unchanged when the stellar image is rotated, which makes it able to reduce the star identification time. The logarithmic values of the plane distances between the navigation and its neighbor stars are adopted to structure the feature vector of the navigation star, which enhances the robustness of star identification. In addition, some efforts are made to make it able to find the identification result with fewer comparisons, instead of searching the whole feature database. The simulation results demonstrate that the proposed algorithm can effectively accelerate the star identification. Moreover, the recognition rate and robustness by the proposed algorithm are better than those by the LPT algorithm and the modified grid algorithm. (paper)

  9. Beliefs and accountability in an Islamic bank

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ahmadasri Alaudin

    2015-05-01

    Full Text Available An Islamic bank in Malaysia (Malpha positions itself on being Islamic. The products and services are more expensive while employees are paid less than normal commercial banks. What bonds customers and employees to the bank are symbols of Islam: aqad (oral agreement between the bank and a customer, doa’ (supplication, a prayer, the tazkirah (short religious talks at the morning meeting and zakat (or almsgiving. Bank Malpha uses aqad (oral agreement between the bank and a customer and Doa (supplication, a prayer to form the basis of belief systems that influence the relationship with a customer. With regard to intermediaries, reciprocity (a form of trust underpins the relationship between the bank and its intermediaries (housing developers and lawyers for example. This bonding is reinforced by a boundary system: the shariah committee. The shariah committee assesses the shariah (lawful according Islam compliance and also engages with employees regarding shariah issues. This promotes learning through words and dialogue. However there is little documentation on customer recovery. If indeed non-performing loans are a key performance indicator for this Islamic bank, the challenge for this Islamic bank is to identify key processes to manage customer recovery.

  10. Communication Dialectics, Islam, and Sundanese Culture

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ujang Saefullah

    2013-06-01

    Full Text Available Customary societies of Kampung Dukuh is community tightly maintaining their tradition up to the present. It appeared on their life routine beginning from the way of having intercourse, the custom of consuming, the kind of living, the system of leadership until the construction model of stage house constructed from bamboo with palm fiber for the roof. This study aimed to analyze: 1 language dialectic, communication and Sundanese culture at customary society of Kampung Dukuh 2 communication dialectic and tradition of Islam at customary society of Kampung Dukuh 3 Dialectic of Islam tradition and Sundanese culture at customary society of Kampung Dukuh. The method of this research is Ethnography of Communication with qualitative approach. The techniques of data collection are profound interview, participatory observation and documentation research. The results are 1 communication dialectic Sundanese culture lasted in total dialectic manner and indicated relation of dependence each other 2 communication dialectic and tradition of Islam prevailed in total dialectic way, and possessed dependence, affirmed as well as strengthen each other 3 tradition dialectic of Islam and Sundanese culture were divided into two categories namely 1 dialectic of Islam value and culture norm run in total dialectic manner and owned dependence each other 2 dialectic of Islam faith and myths lasted in contradictory way or be in conflict among two different extremes.

  11. Islamic electronic trading platform on organized exchange

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ahmet Suayb Gundogdu

    2016-12-01

    Full Text Available Today Islamic finance industry is under severe criticism, particularly, concerning liquidity management practices of treasury departments. Since cash lending is not possible under Islamic Shari'ah, Islamic banks tend to use securitized asset related schemes which are by no means neither acceptable under Islamic finance jurisprudence nor compliant with Maqasiq Al-Shari'ah. Maqasid Al-Shariah oversees economic activities which produce wealth and prosperity for all members of society to empower any member with certain level of belongings to bestow freedom while condemning inequality. Under this wider aim of Maqasid Al-Shari'ah, this paper presents alternative state-of-art Shari'ah compliant products, which is used in international trade finance, to be migrated to electronic trading platform under organized exchange in pursuit of replacing controversial liquidity management products. Besides, this paper introduces Islamic Commodity Future Contract, derived from asset backed Murabaha, with physical delivery as an alternative liquidity management tool for Islamic FIs and hedging tool for companies.

  12. THE CONCEPT OF TOLERANCE IN ISLAMIC EDUCATION

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Adeng Muchtar Ghazali

    2016-03-01

    Full Text Available This article aims to discuss comprehensively the concept of tolerance in Islam later thought in such a way that the concept can be applied operationally in Islamic educational institutions such as madrassas, Islamic boarding schools and colleges. Methods and approaches used to address this issue are philosophical (phenomenological and the sociology of education, one of which is the theory of inclusivism Mircea Eliade. In Islam, different thoughts, tribes, and even religion (adherents refer to fitrah and sunnatullāh of God‟s will. For this reason, then, tasāmuh (tolerance becomes an important doctrine in every religion treatise, including in Islamic education system i.e; 1 to have responsive toward modernization which has been existed in general school institutions under Ministry of Education; 2 to develop sensitive character toward the change through apporiate learning strtategy and developing children psycho-social condition, modernizing learning facilities, environment, and other supporting factors including the involevement of parents, government, society and other education stakeholder; 3 to implement a model to strengthen inclusive Islamic education system which is opened, dialogic, and student-centered; 4 to bear a strong and tough human reseource with high tolerance who will act to occupy and create new civilization emphasizing on religion, spritual and humanism values; 5 to develop networking and corporation both national and international to expand informationn access, funding, and other international supports.

  13. Comprehending Peace in Religious Propagation in Islam

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Hayati Aydin

    2011-12-01

    Full Text Available The word ‘Islam’ manifests its meaning to the word peace which provides security and serenity to individuals and the community. The article focuses on this dimension of Islam and aims to present evidence from religious sources which assert that Islam is not a religion that supports terrorism but a religion which emphasizes peace and salvation. As a noun, the word ‘Islam’ is a system of beliefs revealed by Allah to Muhammad (pbuh. In retrospect, in its verb form Islam is derived from the infinitive of transitive four category verbs namely if’al, Islam is “ef’ale-yüf’ilus” infinitive form. The root of this word is also derived from the infinitive Arabic trilateral root of silm or salamet (peace and security. For this reason Islam is not only encyclopaedic definition referring to submitting or resigning oneself or one’s person to God or the will of God, surrendering to the will of Allah (God, but also has the transitive meaning (ta’diyat, becoming (sayrurat, becoming of anything over an adjective and criterion (ta’ridh. Islam is not only the believer’s submission to Allah, but it also has peace and safety that spreads right throughout to others. It is therefore, benefitting every individual as well as the society.

  14. Pengaruh Orientalis terhadap Liberalisasi Pemikiran Islam

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Abbas Mansur Tammam

    2016-03-01

    Full Text Available The liberalization of Islamic thought, which is considered and proclaimed as “renewal of Islamic thought,” did not come from the core concepts of Islam, it came from the outside of Islamic concepts (read: Western. Initially, the Western-Christian liberalism is an extension of the sophism, with ever implicated in Greece. Among the important figures is Heraclitus, Democritos and Protagoras. Although they received fierce opposition from Socrates, Plato and Aristotle, but liberalism got a new fresh air in the heyday of the Roman. This sophism trend, later gave birth to the relativism of truth, which is also the spirit of liberalism itself. Worse, liberalism was brought to Islam, the emergence of which can be traced to the Arabian Peninsula, Albania, and Syria. While in Egypt, Sultan Abdul Hamid II gave a note that a few Egyptian stunned with Western ideas, taking liberalism as a way of salvation. By using justifications of Qur’anic verses and hadiths, interpreted unilaterally, the liberalist thought was a tajdid to Islamic thought. The spirit (power of liberalism is in the distribution process of using old methods, that is the tradition of orientalism, misionarism, and imperialism. The basis of liberalist support can be traced to some of the states concerned with it, such as the United States, Britain and France. Finally, this simple article will briefly try to uncover how this all happened.

  15. Islamic Reform in Malaya: The Contribution of Shaykh Tahir Jalaluddin

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Hafiz Zakariya

    2005-06-01

    Full Text Available Abstract: Reformation of religion does not entail changing the very teaching of Islam or the introduction of un-Islamic elements into Islam. Rather reformation of religion is a return to the original sources of Islam as practiced during the period of the Prophet (SAS and early generations of muslims, unadulterated by the practices and beliefs that contravened Islam. This salafī reformist discourse, as the historical evidence shows, was adopted by Shaykh Tahir in his attempts to reform Islam in colonial Malaya.

  16. ISLAM NUSANTARA: Sebuah Argumentasi Beragama dalam Bingkai Kultural

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Hanum Jazimah Puji Astuti

    2017-11-01

    Full Text Available The emergence of Islam Nusantara is the typical of Indonesia, where Islam Nusantara is declared as a universal religion, manifested in its teachings including religious law (fiqh, trust (faith, and the ethical (the moral. Although Islam Nusantara gives a new ambience in Islam by assimilating a culture into religion, this method is not contagious to the purity of Islamic teachings by taking Quran and Hadith as the guidances and directions in the Indonesian social life. Islam teaches mutual respect and reciprocal tolerance. This religion teaches the adherents to love others, to mercy and nurture regardless of race, nationality, and social structure.

  17. Pengaruh dari Nilai-Nilai Islam terhadap Kinerja Kerja

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ima Amaliah

    2013-12-01

    Full Text Available The purpose of this research is to study about the influence of Islamic value and Islamic work ethics to the work performance of employee of small enterprises in Bandung City. This research was the deductive quantitative. The samples were 350 employees that determined by proportional way. Using SEM, Estimation sshows that the Islamic value did not direcly influence on work performance. The Islamic value influences on work performance through Islamic work ethics. This mean that in order to improve job performance of small enterprises, the government and the others did not only concern to material aspect but also start to consider the Islamic moral and spiritual value in assistance programs.

  18. KORELASI ANTARA BIMBINGAN KONSELING ISLAM DAN DAKWAH

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Marzuki Agung Prasetya

    2015-11-01

    Full Text Available Dakwah merupakan kegiatan untuk menyeru, memanggil dan mengajak orang lain menuju jalan yang diridhai Allah. Bimbingan dan Konseling Islam merupakan cabang dalam rumpun ilmu-ilmu sosial yang mulai dikembangkan sebagai disiplin ilmu yang mandiri. Keberadaan aktifitas bimbingan dan konseling Islam tersebut didasarkan pada kenyataan bahwa dalam menghadapi dan menyelesaikan masalah, ada individu yang mampu menyelesaikan sendiri, namun ada juga yang membutuhkan bantuan pihak lain. Dalam prakteknya bimbingan konseling akan mengacu pada beberapa pendekatan, diantaranya: pendekatan behavioristik, psikodinamika, eklektik, psikoanalisa dan eksistensial humanistik. Pendekatan tersebut dipilih berdasarkan kondisi klien, masalah yang dihadapi, kemampuan konselor selaku pihak yang memberikan bimbingan maupun kondisi dan situasi pada saat bimbingan konseling berlangsung. Menurut Hamdan Bakran ad-Dzaky, bimbingan konseling Islam merupakan suatu aktifitas memberikan bimbingan, pelajaran,dan pedoman kepada individu yang meminta bimbingan (klien dalam hal bagaimana seharusnya dirinya dapat mengembangkan akal dan pikirannya, jiwanya, keimanannya dan keyakinannya, serta dapat menanggulangi problematika hidup dengan baik dan benar sacara mandiri, yang berparadigma kepada Al-Quran dan as-Sunnah Rasulullah saw. Proses pelaksanaan bimbingan konseling Islam mengacu pada prinsip- prinsip etika berdakwah dalam Islam, yakni bi al-hikmah, al-mauidhah hasanah, dan al-mujadalah bi al-lati hiya ahsan. Tulisan ini melihat relasi antara bimbingan konseling Islam dan dakwah, sehingga dapat diketahui bagaimana hubungan yang terjalin antara keduanya. Kata Kunci: Dakwah, Bimbingan, Konseling Islam. THE CORRELATION BETWEEN ISLAMIC COUNSELING GUIDANCE AND DAWA. Dawa is an activity to call and invite others towards the path of Allah. Islamic Guidance and Counselling is a branch of social sciences which began to be developed as an independent discipline. The existence of the Islamic

  19. A CANDELS-3d-HST Synergy: Resolved Star Formation Patterns at 0.7 less than z less than 1.5

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wuyts, Stijn; Foerster Schreiber, Natascha M.; Nelson, Erica J.; Van Dokkum, Pieter G.; Brammer, Gabe; Chang, Yu-Yen; Faber, Sandra M.; Ferguson, Henry C.; Franx, Marijn; Fumagalli, Mattia; hide

    2013-01-01

    We analyze the resolved stellar populations of 473 massive star-forming galaxies at 0.7 3D-HST. Together, this unique data set sheds light on how the assembled stellar mass is distributed within galaxies, and where new stars are being formed. We find the Halpha morphologies to resemble more closely those observed in the ACS I band than in the WFC3 H band, especially for the larger systems. We next derive a novel prescription for Halpha dust corrections, which accounts for extra extinction toward H II regions. The prescription leads to consistent star formation rate (SFR) estimates and reproduces the observed relation between the Halpha/UV luminosity ratio and visual extinction, on both a pixel-by-pixel and a galaxy-integrated level. We find the surface density of star formation to correlate with the surface density of assembled stellar mass for spatially resolved regions within galaxies, akin to the so-called "main sequence of star formation" established on a galaxy-integrated level. Deviations from this relation toward lower equivalent widths are found in the inner regions of galaxies. Clumps and spiral features, on the other hand, are associated with enhanced H alpha equivalent widths, bluer colors, and higher specific SFRs compared to the underlying disk. Their Halpha/UV luminosity ratio is lower than that of the underlying disk, suggesting that the ACS clump selection preferentially picks up those regions of elevated star formation activity that are the least obscured by dust. Our analysis emphasizes that monochromatic studies of galaxy structure can be severely limited by mass-to-light ratio variations due to dust and spatially inhomogeneous star formation histories.

  20. Implementasi Ruhul Islam terhadap Pembentukan Karakter Mahasiswa di Perguruan Tinggi Berbasis Islam dan Teknologi Informasi

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mochamad Malik Akbar Rohandi

    2017-11-01

    Full Text Available Ruhul Islam is the core spirit of Islam that is the identity or characteristic of an individual or Islamic institution that has a mental attitude. It always guided by morals, according to the guidance of Islamic teachings so that can create a brotherhood of fellow Muslims in bringing people to a better state. The objective of this research is to know the comparison of Ruhul Islam application level to the embedded character in college student based on Islam and technology. Explanatory research method used primary data of field observation and questionnaire and secondary data, sample using Slovin formula and purposive sampling method with error rate of 10%, interconnection between variables using path analysis. Characteristics of respondents majority of women, active age 18-21 year students, high school graduates and the origin of UNISBA students 67% of Bandung while Telkom 82% outside Bandung. Implementation of Islamic values ​​with character formation in Islamic universities has a stronger relationship than information technology-based colleges with a R2 level of 37% versus 32.8%, more than 60% character formation can be influenced by other factors or variables.

  1. HUBUNGAN ISLAM DAN NEGARA: Merespons Wacana Politik Islam Kontemporer di Indonesia

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Hamsah Hasan

    2015-04-01

    Full Text Available This article aims to discuss the issues of the relationship between Islam and state in the Islamic political perspective in Indonesia. This study was motivated by the desire to criticize the development and “up and down” relationship between Islam and state that is very dynamic coloring political situation in “Islamic majority country” Indonesia. This article concluded that understanding the relationship between religion and state with Islamic political approach is not meant to establish a religious state or an Islamic state of Indonesia, but more on filling spaces are functionally religion in order society, nation and state. The relationship between Islam and state can be integrated in a functional relationship equally aspire to nobility. Even integralistic, symbiotic, and secularistic relations, each should be viewed as a form of complementary. Facing the development of modernization, the relationship between Islam and state should be articulated as an effort to always adapt to the development of society in its various aspects, such as: the globalization of the world political economy, science and technology, the development issues of democracy, gender, human rights, pluralism, both nationally and internationally.

  2. Islamic Modernists and Discourse on Reason as a Reconciliatory Argument between Islam and the Western Enlightenment

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    ASMAHAN SALLAH

    2015-06-01

    Full Text Available This article examines the debates on the relationship between Islam and reason during the nineteenth century and early twentieth century. It argues that these debates were transnational but were largely influenced by similar debates in the Western tradition. It also affirms that modernists used discourse on reason to reconcile Islam with Western Enlightenment. The article illustrates the various mechanisms which Islamic modernists implemented to facilitate such reconciliation. These mechanisms include rationalization of miracles, contesting the concept of prophethood, and rejecting the scholarship of Islamic jurisprudence and theology. Based on writings by several Islamic modernists, such as their biographies of Prophet Muhammad, Quran commentaries, and magazine articles in different Islamic countries, I ascribe these mechanisms to a gap between logic and experimental thought, a gap which seeped into the mind of Islamic modernists under the influence of Western contemporary thinkers. While this discourse claims compatibility between Islam and Western Enlightenment, it also resists the binary of the sacred and the secular, a major legacy of the Western Enlightenment.

  3. The Integration of Disclosure of Islamic Social Reporting (ISR in Islamic Bank Financial Statements

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sugianto

    2017-01-01

    Full Text Available Islamic bank has an economy function as well as a social function. So that Islamic banks posses an ethical identity for their social objectives as important if not more important than economic goals due to the fact that the system and its operation is based on the Islamic Shari’ah. This objective is intended to Islamic bank also participate in the improvement of society, so it is expected to describe clear corporate social responsibility in their social reporting practices as evidenced in their annual reports. This study replicated the Haniffa and Hudaib research by examining social reporting practices of Islamic Banks in Indonesia. This examination involves a comparison of social disclosure 12 Islamic banks conducted through their annual reports to the ideal level of social disclosure that Islamic banks should be made, during the years 2014-2015. This comparison is done by using the Ethical Identity Index (EII developed by Haniffa and Hudaib (2007. The findings revealed that at present, Islamic banks in Indonesia is still poor in the practice of social reporting.

  4. Star Polymers.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ren, Jing M; McKenzie, Thomas G; Fu, Qiang; Wong, Edgar H H; Xu, Jiangtao; An, Zesheng; Shanmugam, Sivaprakash; Davis, Thomas P; Boyer, Cyrille; Qiao, Greg G

    2016-06-22

    Recent advances in controlled/living polymerization techniques and highly efficient coupling chemistries have enabled the facile synthesis of complex polymer architectures with controlled dimensions and functionality. As an example, star polymers consist of many linear polymers fused at a central point with a large number of chain end functionalities. Owing to this exclusive structure, star polymers exhibit some remarkable characteristics and properties unattainable by simple linear polymers. Hence, they constitute a unique class of technologically important nanomaterials that have been utilized or are currently under audition for many applications in life sciences and nanotechnologies. This article first provides a comprehensive summary of synthetic strategies towards star polymers, then reviews the latest developments in the synthesis and characterization methods of star macromolecules, and lastly outlines emerging applications and current commercial use of star-shaped polymers. The aim of this work is to promote star polymer research, generate new avenues of scientific investigation, and provide contemporary perspectives on chemical innovation that may expedite the commercialization of new star nanomaterials. We envision in the not-too-distant future star polymers will play an increasingly important role in materials science and nanotechnology in both academic and industrial settings.

  5. Wave Star

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Kramer, Morten; Brorsen, Michael; Frigaard, Peter

    Nærværende rapport beskriver numeriske beregninger af den hydrodynamiske interaktion mellem 5 flydere i bølgeenergianlægget Wave Star.......Nærværende rapport beskriver numeriske beregninger af den hydrodynamiske interaktion mellem 5 flydere i bølgeenergianlægget Wave Star....

  6. Star Imager

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Madsen, Peter Buch; Jørgensen, John Leif; Thuesen, Gøsta

    1997-01-01

    The version of the star imager developed for Astrid II is described. All functions and features are described as well as the operations and the software protocol.......The version of the star imager developed for Astrid II is described. All functions and features are described as well as the operations and the software protocol....

  7. Radio stars

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Hjellming, R.M.; Gibson, D.M.

    1985-01-01

    Studies of stellar radio emission became an important field of research in the 1970's and have now expanded to become a major area of radio astronomy with the advent of new instruments such as the Very Large Array in New Mexico and transcontinental telescope arrays. This volume contains papers from the workshop on stellar continuum radio astronomy held in Boulder, Colorado, and is the first book on the rapidly expanding field of radio emission from stars and stellar systems. Subjects covered include the observational and theoretical aspects of stellar winds from both hot and cool stars, radio flares from active double star systems and red dwarf stars, bipolar flows from star-forming regions, and the radio emission from X-ray binaries. (orig.)

  8. ISLAMIC EDUCATION IN CIVILIZATION OF FASHION INDUSTRY: CLOTHES CONCEPT REFLECTION IN ISLAM

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ahmad Mustami

    2015-06-01

    Full Text Available This article discusses the concept Apparel in Islamic education. This was currently a lot of variety of fashion in dress. Although the general function of clothes was a human genitalia cover and protect the body from the heat of the sun. However hijab at this time not just cover the nakedness, but rather as a fashion style that became a common thing now was infecting the womenfolk including Muslim. Ranging from clothes, pants, until hijab began in innovation so as to attract the eye. Although it is not yet represent the shape and fashion model/standard clothes, but felt able to express Islamic education in the dressing (hijab and a fashion model/Islamic clothing. Obviously keep on religious norms, ethical and moral teachings. Substance of clothing in Islam is polite in accordance with the values of Islamic Education.

  9. HUBUNGAN ETNIK DI MALAYSIA DARI PERSPEKTIF ISLAM (ETHNIC RELATIONS IN MALAYSIA FROM AN ISLAMIC PERSPECTIVE

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ahmad Hidayat Buang

    2011-01-01

    Full Text Available Islam adalah satu agama yang lengkap merangkumi segenap aktiviti kehidupan manusia. Ajaran Islam bukan hanya menganjurkan umatnya berbuat baik sesama Islam tetapi juga antara bukan Islam. Orang bukan Islam mempunyai hak yang tertentu dan dilindungi selagi tidak memerangi Islam. Dalam hubungan antara orang Islam dan orang bukan Islam, Islam telah menetapkan peraturan tertentu yang mesti dipatuhi. Hal ini jelas sepertimana dalam Surah al-Hujurat ayat 13 yang mengiktiraf kepelbagaian etnik itu adalah sesuatu yang lumrah dan kepelbagaian itu bukan untuk berkonflik tetapi saling mengenali antara satu dengan lain. Justeru, artikel ini akan membincangkan pandangan Islam terhadap hubungan etnik yang ditinjau dari sudut al-Quran, hadis nabi dan tokoh-tokoh Islam. Turut dibincangkan ialah prinsip kesamarataan dan keadilan dalam Islam dengan melihat situasi yang berlaku di Malaysia khususnya yang melibatkan kedudukan istimewa orang Melayu dalam Perkara 153 Perlembagaan Persekutuan. Hasil perbincangan menunjukkan, kedudukan istimewa orang Melayu itu tidak bercanggah dengan prinsip keadilan dan kesamarataan dalam Islam berdasarkan empat hujah iaitu pertama, walaupun orang Melayu mendapat keistimewaan seperti yang termaktub dalam perlembagaan, namun ia bukan melalui rampasan harta orang bukan Melayu sebaliknya mendapatkannya dari tambahan kepada ekonomi keseluruhan. Kedua, pelaksanaan terhadap keistimewaan orang Melayu tidak menjejaskan kedudukan ekonomi, dan pendidikan serta politik orang bukan Melayu, malah dalam sektor ekonomi dan pendidikan, mereka lebih baik daripada orang Melayu. Ketiga, kedudukan istimewa orang Melayu adalah sesuatu yang telah wujud sebelum merdeka dan dimasukkan kembali apabila perlembagaan digubal. Keempat, ia adalah persetujuan yang telah dicapai melalui perundingan antara etnik.Islam is a complete way of life (din and encompasses all activities in life. Islam preaches to its followers to enjoin good not only towards fellow Muslims

  10. Shariah Governance Practices at Islamic Banks in Bahrain From Islamic Bankers’ Perspective

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    Sutan Emir Hidayat

    2018-01-01

    Full Text Available This study aims to evaluate the Islamic banks' commitment towards Sharia Governance in Bahrain. This study utilizes both quantitative and qualitative research methods. The survey results reveal that Islamic banks in Bahrain practice 7 out of 9 questions in the questionnaire, which are related to Sharia governance aspects as per the Accounting and Auditing Organization for Islamic Financial Institutions (AAOIFI's governance standards. The interview results also reveal that the Islamic banks are practicing most aspects of Sharia governance. The results of this paper can be an input for the regulator and the banks' management to make decisions to improve Sharia governance practice among Islamic banks in Bahrain.DOI: 10.15408/aiq.v10i1.5991

  11. Sekolah Islam terpadu; Filsafat, ideologi, dan tren baru pendidikan Islam di Indonesia

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Suyatno

    2014-09-01

    Full Text Available Toward the 21st century, there is an interesting change in the trend of education (read Islamic education in Indonesia . The dominance of educational institutions that consists of “Pesantren”,“Madrasah”, and Schools become different. It is based on the phenomenon that there is Integrated Islamic Schools in this country. The educational institutions,whicht have been spread to all parts of Indonesia, were established by some mosque activists at the ITB and UI campuses. The very rapid development of this school indicates that the Integrated Islamic School becomes the new trend of Islamic education in Indonesia. In this school, it is emphasized on the education of religious moral values and the excellent modern education nowadays. This kind of Integrated Islamic School has also proved a new style of the middle reislamization class of Indonesian Muslims.

  12. CONSERVATIVE ISLAM TURN OR POPULAR ISLAM? an Analysis of the Film Ayat-ayat Cinta

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    Lukman Hakim

    2010-02-01

    Full Text Available This paper offers a film and cultural studies analysis of the Indonesian religious film Ayat-ayat Cinta. It examines the way in which the film represents Islam in the context of the globalisation of the media industry, the wider cultural transformation and religious context in Indonesia. This paper argues that the film Ayat-ayat Cinta represents “popular Islam”, which resulted from the interaction between the santri religious variants and the film industry, capitalism, market forces and popular culture in Indonesia. Santri religious variants in this film are rooted in traditionalist, fundamentalist, modernist, and liberal Islam in Indonesia, and those Islamic groups which have undergone a process of conformity with capitalism and popular culture. As a result, the representation of Islam in this film is pluralist, tolerant, and fashionable. Keywords: Ayat-ayat Cinta, popular Islam, santri, traditionalist, fundamentalist, modernist, cultural studies.

  13. Does Islamic Banking Contribute to Economic Development? Evidence from Malaysia

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Hafas Furqani

    2008-08-01

    Full Text Available Does Islamic banking contribute to the economic development of a country? In what way Islamic banking contribute to the economic development? Are the main question might be asked to examine the viability of Islamic banking to the economic development. This paper attempts to answer those questions by examining the dynamic interactions between Islamic banking and economic development of Malaysia by employing the Cointegration test and Vector Error Model (VECM to see whether the Islamic financial system contributes to the economic development and economic development that contribute to the transformation of the operation of the Islamic financial system in the longrun. We use time series data of total Islamic bank financing (IB financing and real GDP per capita (RGDP, fixed investment (GFCF, and trade activities (TRADE to represent real economic sectors. We found that in the short-run only fixed investment that granger cause Islamic bank to develop for 1997:1-2005:4. Where as in the long-run, there is evidence of a bidirectional relationship between Islamic bank and fixed investment and there is evidence to support ‘demand following’ hypothesis of GDP and Islamic bank, where increase in GDP causes Islamic banking to develop and not vice versa. Islamic banking is also found to have less contribution to the international trade in the form of export and import of goods and services.Keywords: Islamic banking, economic growth, Malaysia, VECM

  14. Scrutinizing The Epistemology of Islamic Economics: A Historical Analysis

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Nurizal Ismail

    2016-05-01

    Full Text Available The first International Conference on Islamic Economics was held in Makkah, in 1976. Economists, jurists and scholars met together to discuss issues of Muslim ummah. However, there was many books written related to Islamic economics in the history of Islamic civilization, especially in the period of Abbasid caliphate. The fact, development of knowledge in Islamic medieval had established the epistemology of Islamic economics itself. Moreover, the epistemology is a study of the theory of knowledge, the source of knowledge, the application of knowledge and limitation of knowledge. Therefore, this paper aims to explore the contribution of earlier Muslim thinkers to the source of Islamic economics and to identify the epistemology of Islamic economics as proposed by the Muslim thinkers in medieval period. As a result, this paper will propose the epistemology of Islamic economics by integrating Islamic heritage and modern economics that is not conflict with Islamic principles and values. To achieve its objectives; this study employs qualitative research by applying content and descriptive analysis. The finding of this study is that the earlier Muslim thinkers have contributed to the construction of epistemology in Islamic economics. Then, to construct the genuine of Islamic economics, tawhid must be put as a core of Islamic economic epistemology that directs the sources of knowledge which are rooted firstly from revealed and then rational knowledge by using appropriate methods.

  15. Reading Popular Islamic Literature: Continuity And Change In Indonesian Literature

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mohammad Rokib

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available In the last few years, literature on Islamic themes has become increasingly popular in Indonesia. It is commonly categorized as Islamic literature identified by Islamic texts and symbols on the book cover and its content. The literary works have been popular as reflected in the record sales figures. Previously, some literary works dealing with Islamic themes failed to gain public attention. Interestingly, those works are not mentioned by people as Islamic literature. This paper aims to discuss some questions on why are some literary works on Islamic theme mentioned as Islamic while others are not? Is there Islamic literature within Indonesian literature? What are the differences between Islamic literature and kitab literature (sastra kitab written by Muslim scholars in the Malay world? By exploring the social context of reader responses toward selected literary works on Islam, this study reveals that the label of Islamic literature is created to confront opposite themes in Indonesian literature. The term Islamic literature remains a problematic and debatable issue related to literature based on Islamic themes in both old and modern Indonesian literature.

  16. REKONSTRUKSIHUKUM ISLAM DANIMPLIKASI SOSIAL BUDAYA PASCA REFORMASI DI INDONESIA

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Muwahid Shulhan

    2013-03-01

    Full Text Available Abstrak: Nabi Muhammad tidak sepenuhnya memusnahkan tradisi Arab pra-Islam. Bahkan, Nabi Muhammad banyak menciptakan aturan-aturan yang melegalkan hukum adat masyarakat Arab, sehingga memberi tempat bagi praktik hukum adat di dalam sistem hukum Islam. Signifikansi peran budaya dalam hukum Islam kemudian diteruskan oleh para penerusnya. Dengan demikian, budaya memiliki posisi yang penting dalam sejarah hukum Islam. Ini juga membuktikan bahwa budaya yang berkembang dalam masyarakat tidak harus tunduk dalam ekspresi hukum Islam (corak Arab, melainkan hukum Islam harus melakukan proses mutasi untuk beradaptasi di bawah naungan budaya yang hidup di masyarakat sepanjang budaya tersebut tidak bertentangan dengan ajaran fundamental dan spirit Islam. Dalam konteks Indonesia, paling tidak ada dua gagasan penting, yaitu: “fikih Indonesia” dan “pribumisasi Islam”. Dari kedua gagasan ini, setidaknya ada dua paradigma penting dalam upaya pribumisasi hukum Islam, yaitu: pertama, kontekstual, hukum Islam dipahami sebagai ajaran yang terkait dengan dimensi zaman dan tempat. Kedua, menghargai tradisi lokal. Dengan kedua paradigma ini, maka pribumisasi hukum Islam akan menjadi lebih jelas. Dengan demikian, pasca reformasi haruslah menjadi momen positif untuk merekontruksi budaya lokal, bukan malah menghancurkannya dengan pemaksaan konsep hukum yang tidak sesuai dengan kepribadian bangsa Indonesia. Abstract: The fact explains that the Prophet Muhammad is not completely destroy the tradition of pre-Islamic Arabia. In fact, Prophet Muhammad creating many rules of customary law which  legalizing pre-Islamic custom of  Arab society, thus giving the place for the practice of customary law in the Islamic legal system. The significance of  culture in Islamic law and then passed on by his successors. Thus, culture has an important position in the history of Islamic law. It also proves that the culture that developed in the community should not be subject to the

  17. Perkembangan Islam di Pulau Ambalau: Kajian atas Data Arkeologi dan Tradisi Makam Islam Berundak

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Wuri Handoko

    2016-04-01

    Full Text Available Abstrak Kajian terhadap perkembangan Islam salah satunya menyangkut apek karakteristik Islam dapat dilihat melalui lensa arkeologi berdasarkan temuan artefak maupun fitur. Dalam aspek budaya material tersebut, dapat memperlihatkan perkembangan nilai budaya yang terkandung dalam konteks sistem dan transformasi nilai budaya sejak masa lampau hingga kini. Data arkeologi yang menunjukkan karakter megalitis hingga data arkeologi Islam serta tradisi keagamaan yang berlaku pada mayarakat Ambalau, memberikan gambaran tentang perkembangan religi mayarakat lokal sejak kepercayaan atau religi masa prasejarah hingga munculnya Islam. Dari data arkeologi dan tradisi yang masih bertahan, memberikan gambaran bahwa agama Islam berkembang dengan tetap mengakomodir kepercayaan lokal yang berbasis pada kepercayaan terhadap leluhur. Bentuk makam kuno berundak, adalah salah satu wujud material budaya yang menggambarkan bahwa masyarakat sangat menghormati leluhur.   Abstract The study on the development of Islam one of which involves stale Islamic characteristics can be seen through the lens based on the findings of archaeological artifacts and features. In the aspect of material culture, can show the development of cultural values   embodied in the context of the system and transformation of cultural values from the past until now. Archaeological data indicate that the data character megalitis Islamic archeology and religious traditions prevailing in society Ambalau, gives an overview of the development of local people’s religious beliefs or religious since prehistoric times until the advent of Islam. Of archaeological data and traditions still survive, giving the impression that Islam evolved with fixed accommodate local beliefs based on trust towards ancestors. The shape of an ancient tomb staircase, is one manifestation of cultural material that illustrates that the community is honoring ancestors.

  18. Pendidikan Agama Islam dalam Lanskap Post Tradisionalisme Islam

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    Edi Susanto

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available This paper is interested in exploring the most recent current of thought belonging to the younger generation of Indonesian intelligentsia. This current of thought is known by many as post-traditionalism. While discussing some of its most notable traits, this paper tries to show that the school of thought –while being intellectual and discursive- is also concerned with the state of education in the country. The paper argues first and foremost that the advent of this school was due to the poor quality of religious discourse in the country. By means of critical approach and “leftist” epistemology, this group tries to subvert the existing discourses, which it considers irrelevant. Since these irrelevant doctrines were encapsulated in the educational institutions, the practical and strategic way to dismantle these doctrines is by deconstructing their educational system on the one hand, and by reconstructing the new one; the one that reflects the universal and humanitarian values of Islam such tolerance and understanding.

  19. The advance of Islamism in Europe

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Zoltán Kalmar

    2012-10-01

    Full Text Available Según la tesis central del ensayo en 1989 y en los años siguientes los analizadores políticos concentraron en los cambios de régimen en Europa Oriental y sus efectos mundiales y no prestaron bastante atención al giro importante que tenía lugar desde 1989 en la relación entre los países de Europa Occidental y los inmigrantes muslímicos. La profecía famosa hecha en tiempo de descomposición de la Unión Sovietica por Francis Fukuyama que la democracia liberal será un ejemplo a seguir para el mundo no se realizó. Al mismo tiempo Europa en estos tiempos tenía que hacer cara a la presencia del islam en Europa Occidental y al efecto político del islam.Palabras clave: dinastía Pahlavi, Ruhollah Jomeini, revolución iraní, islamismo, Salman Rushdie, Los versos satánicos, fatwa, Islam en Europa________________________________Abstract:The basic statement of the paper is that in 1989 and the subsequent years political analysts concentrated their attention on the changes of Eastern European régimes and the worldwide impact of these events while they neglected the major turn that took place in the relationship between Western European countries and Muslim immigrants in 1989. Francis Fukuyama’s famous prophecy delivered at the time of the Soviet Union’s demise, declaring that liberal democracy will become a worldwide blueprint for societies, did not hold. On the contrary, this was the first time when Europe truly had to face the presence of Islam in Western Europe and the effects of political Islam.Keywords: Pahlavi dynasty, Ruhollah Khomeini, Iranian Revolution, Islamism, Salman Rushdie, The Satanic Verses, fatwa, Islam in Europe

  20. PENDEKATAN HUKUM ISLAM TERHADAP JIHAD DAN TERORISME

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Lukman Arake

    2012-06-01

    Full Text Available Abstract:   There is a presumption of some circles of non-Muslims that Muslims are the spreader of terrors and terrorism throughout the world through the implementation of the concept of jihād. This assumption seemed to be justified the emerging terrorism cases involving Muslim actors, such as suicide bombings. This paper aims to clarify the issue by critically scrutinizing the true meaning of jihād rooted both in the holy book the al-Qur’an and sunnah of the Prophet Muhammad. Socio-historical approach is applied to better understand the holistic context of the meaning of jihād concept in both sources of Islamic teachings. The author concludes that the presumption is a misconception resulting from ignorance of certain parties about the true meaning of jihād in Islam. There is also a possibility that the misunderstanding is intentional, because the motives of abusing the dignity of Islamic teachings, especially about jihād.  Abstrak:  Pada sebagian kalangan non-muslim terdapat anggapan bahwa orang Islam adalah penyebar teror dan terorisme di seluruh dunia melalui implementasi konsep jihād. Anggapan itu seolah mendapatkan pembenaran dengan munculnya kasus-kasus terorisme yang melibatkan pelaku-pelaku muslim, seperti bom bunuh diri. Tulisan ini bertujuan untuk mengklarifikasi masalah tersebut dengan cara menelisik secara kritis pemaknaan jihād yang sebenarnya baik yang termaktub dalam kitab suci al-Qur’an maupun sunnah Nabi Muhammad saw. Pendekatan sosial-historis diterapkan untuk lebih memahami konteks holistik bagi pemaknaan konsep jihad dalam dua sumber ajaran Islam itu. Penulis berkesimpulan bahwa anggapan tersebut adalah suatu kesalahpahaman akibat dari ketidaktahuan pihak-pihak tertentu tentang makna jihād yang sebenarnya dalam Islam. Tidak tertutup kemungkinan bahwa kesalahpahaman itu disengaja, karena adanya motif-motif untuk mencederai keluhuran ajaran Islam, khususnya tentang jihād.

  1. RESPONS KULTURAL MASYARAKAT SASAK TERHADAP ISLAM

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Asnawi Asnawi

    2005-06-01

    Full Text Available Islam reached Lombok island at sixteenth century, approximately at 1545. Its well-known spreader was an expedition from Java led by Sunan Prapen son of Sunan Giri, one of the famous wali songo (nine religious leaders, the Islam spreader in Java. Before Islam reached this island, according to some historian, the indigenous Sasak—appellation to indigenous of Lombok people—had had their own traditional religion, Boda. Sometimes Boda was also called Majapahit Religion.Method of spreading Islam at early time of Islam in this island was called three-linked system. A religious leader coming from Java had to teach three indigenous people and then made them be religious leaders. After mastering what was taught they were considered religious leaders and, in turn, respectively have to teach another three candidates. This method of spreading gained effective outputs on one hand, but on other hand it also shaped a kind of viewpoint among indigenous people that the religious obligatories such as daily praying and fasting are only the duty of religious leaders not of common people.Such unexpected point of view in turn has polarized the people into two groups, religious leaders and their common disciples. The later have point of view that they only do what their religious leader and king ask them to do, and this was the embryo of a local Islamic syncretism known as Wetu Telu. After time of Sunan Prapen, the Tuan Guru—a special call to Lombokness religious leaders—take responsiblity on islamization in this island, especially to the Wetu Telu disciples. 

  2. A Discourse of Transformative Islam within Curriculum Transformation at State Institute for Islamic Studies of Purwokerto (IAIN Purwokerto

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    Sabarudin

    2017-06-01

    Full Text Available This research is aimed to trace the thoughts and actions as efforts to achieve vision and mission of state institute for Islamic studies of Purwokerto (IAIN. The study is directed to answer following questions. Firstly, why transformative Islam becomes a discourse on curriculum development. Secondly, how a discourse of transformative Islam implicates in curriculum development at state institute for Islamic studies of Purwokerto (IAIN. Then, the findings show that a discourse of Islam tranformative in curriculum development at state institute for Islamic studies of Purwokerto (IAIN emerges as a result of an incapability of traditional and modern Islam perspective to resolve people’s problem due to lack of critical understanding of the meaning and message of the Qur’an and Hadith. Then, implication of Islamic transformative discourse in curriculum development at state institute for Islamic studies of Purwokerto can be seen in its intra curricular activities, co-curricular, and extra curricular activities. Through intra-curricular activities, transformative Islam is embodied in Islamic building lectures. In co-curricular program, Islam is indigenized through activity of knowledge and practice of worship (nationally abbreviated PPI, while within extra-curricular activities transformative Islamic values come into student activities which are strongly supported by policies of university leaders.

  3. Symbiotic stars

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Kafatos, M.; Michalitsianos, A.G.

    1984-01-01

    Among the several hundred million binary systems estimated to lie within 3000 light years of the solar system, a tiny fraction, no more than a few hundred, belong to a curious subclass whose radiation has a wavelength distribution so peculiar that it long defied explanation. Such systems radiate strongly in the visible region of the spectrum, but some of them do so even more strongly at both shorter and longer wavelengths: in the ultraviolet region and in the infrared and radio regions. This odd distribution of radiation is best explained by the pairing of a cool red giant star and an intensely hot small star that is virtually in contact with its larger companion. Such objects have become known as symbiotic stars. On photographic plate only the giant star can be discerned, but evidence for the existence of the hot companion has been supplied by satellite-born instruments capable of detecting ultraviolet radiation. The spectra of symbiotic stars indicate that the cool red giant is surrounded by a very hot ionized gas. Symbiotic stars also flared up in outbursts indicating the ejection of material in the form of a shell or a ring. Symbiotic stars may therefore represent a transitory phase in the evolution of certain types of binary systems in which there is substantial transfer of matter from the larger partner to the smaller

  4. Tiga Jalan Islam Politik di Indonesia: Reformasi, Refolusi dan Revolusi

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    Mohammad Iqbal Ahnaf

    2016-07-01

    Full Text Available Indonesia is often deemed unfavorable for political Islamic movements. This is prominently indicated by the fact that electoral achievement of parties with Islamic background has been historically lower than those of parties without stated association with Islamic groups. This is seen as a confirmation of the norm that Indonesian Islam is inherently moderate. This paper challenges such an argument because the up and down of political Islamc should not be primarily seen from thir electoral gains.  This paper shows that political Islam in Indonesia is persistent and will continue posing a challenge to the dominant role of moderate Islam. Using different paths Islamist groups are competing for establishing ground in societies. This paper categorizes the paths chosen by political Islam in Indonesia into three models called reformist, ‘refolutionist,’ and ‘staged revolutionary.’ Islamic groups are categorized in the paper based on their political objectives and strategies. 

  5. Is Democratization a Sound Strategy for Combating Fundamentalist Islam

    National Research Council Canada - National Science Library

    Johnson, Anthony J

    2008-01-01

    .... This paper examines the premise that "universal human rights", as the basis for democracy, is compatible with Islamic culture and is therefore a sound strategy for combating the spread of "Islamic...

  6. THE INITIATIVE TO DEVELOP MUSEUM OF ISLAMIC ARTS IN ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Alimi, Islam in Ilorin became more prominent or pronounced with his coming. This article ... Islam is the main religious heritage of the people from which other cultural ... prayer, “Hasbunallahu Wanimal, Wakil” (Sufficient for us is Allah and an.

  7. The Correlation Of Islamic Civilization In Sciences With Western World

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    Mohamed Mohamed Tolba Said

    2018-01-01

    Full Text Available The nature of scientific verification of knowledge distinguishes it from mystical knowledge in empirical sciences. Islam is a religion and a civilization, historically connecting various stages of human history for more than fourteen centuries. The Islamic ethics and law “Sharia’h” are coherent legal system to protect private property within a comprehensive and rational system. Capitalism and the industrial revolution of western world dramatically transformed resulting in a socio-economic schism consequently emerged as a domineer for existence and affected the Islamic world. The secular and rationalized legal framework needed capitalism, which is incompatible with the nature of Islamic law. The western science in this civilization is also separated from morality and noble values because it has adopted materialistic philosophies and ideologies, such as Pragmatism, Darwinism, Existentialism and any other philosophy that is against the Islamic religion. keywords: Islamic civilization, western world, empirical sciences, Islamic ethics, Islamic law “Shari’ah”, materialistic, human History.

  8. Islamic Banking in Nigeria: Perception of its Relative Advantage by ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Islamic Banking in Nigeria: Perception of its Relative Advantage by Consumer Segments in Anambra State. ... perceived relative advantage of Islamic banking concept by those consumer groups in. Awka ... AJOL African Journals Online.

  9. Islam and the Alleged Incompatibility with Popular Culture

    OpenAIRE

    Pierre Hecker

    2017-01-01

    This paper critically reflects upon the alleged incompatibility of Islam and popular culture, the antipathy toward the study of popular culture in the field of Islamic studies, and the question of what it is that puts "the popular" into culture.

  10. Marketing in the Emerging Markets of Islamic Countries

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Marinov, Marin Alexandrov

    Among the limited publications on marketing in emerging markets this book focuses on regional specifics of Islamic Countries and the appropriate approaches for reaching their markets with effective and efficient marketing strategies. Marketing in the Emerging Markets of Islamic Countries...

  11. Euro-Islam or Islam in Europe: The Role of Muslims and Their Organizations in Germany, Great Britain and the Netherlands

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-06-01

    Netherlands (Islamitische Stichting Nederland , ISN) ....................................................126 b. The Foundation of the Turkish Islamic...Islamic Schools Government Board Organization ISC Islamic Sharia Council ISN Islamitisch Stichting Nederland (Islamic Foundation Netherlands) IZH...Islamisches Zentrum Hamburg (Islamic Center Hamburg) KMAN Kommitee van Maroccaanse Arbeiders in Nederland (Committee of Moroccan Workers in the

  12. SIGNIFIKANSI PENGAJARAN BAHASA INGGRIS DALAM PROSES PENGEMBANGAN ISLAMIC STUDIES

    OpenAIRE

    Riskiana *; Marlina *; Muhandis Azzuhri; Miftahul Ula

    2013-01-01

    The teaching of English language has significant and strategic contribution. English language as a tool is used to understand and study many literatures of Islamic Studies use English language. This is as cause of the developing of Islamic Studies that is taken in hand by West. They have published their thought in Islamic Studies using English language as an international language in many academic publishing. Besides that, the developing of Islamic Studies is not discharged with the other sci...

  13. The Determinants Of Islamic Retail Banking Adoption In Malaysia

    OpenAIRE

    Seethaletchumy Thambiah; Shanti Ramanathan; Mohammad Nurul Huda Mazumder

    2012-01-01

    This study aims to examine the factors affecting the adoption of Islamic retail banking (IRB) products and services among the banking customers of Malaysia. The market share of Islamic retail banking remains low despite being in operation for the past 28 years. Therefore, an empirical analysis was conducted to study the usage of Islamic retail banking products and services between the urban and rural banking customers of Malaysia. Comparisons were also made on the usage of Islamic deposits an...

  14. Liquidity and Capital of Islamic Banks in Indonesia

    OpenAIRE

    Hosen, Muhammad Nadratuzzaman; Muhari, Syafaat

    2017-01-01

    This study is aimed to analyzed the factors that affect the liquidity and capital of Islamic banks in Indonesia. The method is used multiple linear regression. This result shows that the main problem of Islamic banks in Indonesia is how to increase equity in line with increasing third party fund. Another problem is that Islamic bank face difficulties to find debt for solving liquidity problem due to lack of instruments for liquidity derivative. Therefore Islamic banks rely on third party fund...

  15. REKONTEKSTUALISASI SEJARAH: KONTRIBUSI LEMBAGA PENDIDIKAN ISLAM TERHADAP DAKWAH RASULULLAH SAW

    OpenAIRE

    Musaddad Harahap; Lina Mayasari Siregar

    2017-01-01

    This paper attempts to examine the success of Prophet Muhmmad PBUH in arranging Islamic teachings into a set through education. Within 23 years, Islam emerged into an established teaching and full of hidden knowledge, making Islam gets predicate of blessing for the universe. Through literary study, this research explains the success of the prophet in delivering prophetic messages with support of representative teaching places at the period. The places acculturated with the coming of Islam and...

  16. Islamic Banking Capital Challenges to Increase Business Expansion (Indonesia Cases)

    OpenAIRE

    Lucky Nugroho; Wiwik Utami; Caturida Meiwanto Doktorlina; Soeharjoto Soekapdjo; Tengku Chandra Husnadi

    2017-01-01

    In the case of Indonesia regarding capital sources in Islamic Banks, all Islamic Banks are subsidiaries of Conventional Banks (except Bank Muamalat). Bank Syariah Mandiri which is the only Islamic Bank that meets capital ownership with Business Category Bank Level III (BUKU III) is also a subsidiary of Bank Mandiri (conventional bank). In the same way, conventional banks become essential to meet the capital requirement to improve the business of Islamic Bank. This article aims to determine th...

  17. Philanthrophy in Islam: A promise to Welfare Economics System

    OpenAIRE

    Ismail, Abdul Ghafar; Zaenal, Muhammad Hasbi; Shafiai, Hakimi

    2015-01-01

    Islamic presence is intended to meet all the demands of life (shumūl al-hayāh). In the economic sphere, Islam set rules comprehensively about the relationship between religion and economy, both should go hand in hand, such as philanthropy actions. Since the early days, philanthropy has become the basic Islamic economy, where philanthropy which means "love of people" had been successfully practiced by the Prophet and the companions accompanied by moral motivation to achieve the glory of Islam,...

  18. Islamization in Malaysia: the constitutional and legal dimensions

    OpenAIRE

    Choo, Kah Sing

    2017-01-01

    This thesis examines the legitimacy of the Islamization of the politics, society and law in Malaysia. The Islamization plan was carried out by the federal government in the early 1980s under the Mahathir administration. The legitimacy of the Islamization plan is measured against the original intent of the Independence Constitution, with particular reference to the position of Islam in the Constitution. Those constitutional provisions which have been claimed to have granted I...

  19. The Legacy of Muhammad Hamidullah in Islamic Economics

    OpenAIRE

    Islahi, Abdul Azim

    2017-01-01

    Dr. Muhammad Hamidullah is famous for his French translation of the Qur'an, and well-known for discovery, editing and bringing in light a number of rare and invaluable hadith manuscripts. He is also rightly acknowledged for his ground-breaking research works on international Islamic law, biography of the Prophet (peace be upon him), Islamic politics and archival heritage of Islam. A less known but significant aspect of his contribution is his pioneering works on Islamic Economics. Spread over...

  20. MENELAAH HUKUM WARIS PRA-ISLAM DAN AWAL ISLAM SERTA PELETAKAN DASAR-DASAR HUKUM KEWARISAN ISLAM

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    Asrizal Saiin

    2017-03-01

    [Dalam sejarahnya, pembagian harta warisan sudah ada sebelum Islam (pra-Islam. Adapun sistem pewarisannya adalah sistem keturunan dan sistem sebab. Pembagian harta warisan bersifat patrilinear, artinya anak-anak yang belum dewasa dan kaum perempuan tidak berhak mendapatkan harta warisan, sekalipun mereka merupakan ahli waris dari yang telah meninggal. Seseorang baru bisa mendapatkan harta apabila; adanya pertalian kerabat, janji ikatan prasetia, dan pengangkatan anak. Sementara pada masa awal Islam seseorang bisa mendapatkan harta warisan apabila; adanya pertalian kerabat, pengangkatan anak, adanya hijrah dan adanya persaudaraan. Pewarisan, baru terjadi jika ada sebab-sebab yang mengikat pewaris dengan ahli warisnya, seperti adanya perkawinan, kekerabatan, dan wala’. Adapun hal-hal yang dapat menggugurkan hak seseorang menerima warisan adalah; perbudakan, pembunuhan, berlainan agama, murtad, karena hilang tanpa berita dan berlainan negara. Sebelum pembagian warisan ada beberapa hak yang harus dipenuhi terlebih dahulu, seperti; hak yang berkaitan dengan zat harta peninggalan, biaya perawatan jenazah, pelunasan hutang dan pemberian wasiat

  1. INVESTASI MENURUT PERSPEKTIF EKONOMI ISLAM

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    Mardhiyah Hayati

    2017-04-01

    Full Text Available Abstract-Investment is needed by a person to add to the source of its income in order to cover the necessities of life is very urgent that can not be fulfilled from daily earnings , in addition, there are reasons for someone to invest among others to profit as much as possible , future security, protect profits , earn passive income, realizing the desire to achieve the goal hereafter.Someone who would invest let the terms and conditions that are prohibited and which are allowed to invest in making it useful for her to the world and the hereafter, as contained in the Koran, hadith, Consensus and qiyas. Islam strongly encourages people to invest, it is motivated by the doctrinal foundation of the order to pay Zakat for people who have assets that are not productive (idle assets, otherwise productively managed assets are not subject to the obligation of zakat. The new Zakat shall be levied on the results that have been obtained through these investments.

  2. Membangun Konstruksi Keilmuan Ekonomi Islam

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    Yulizar D. Sanrego Nz

    2014-01-01

    received in turn a cheerful welcome from the business community as well as from the masses at the global stage. This paper is an attempt to make a contribution in the field of what we may call the scientific construction of Islamic economics. The paper proposes that this science consists of two aspects, namely value and knowledge. With regards to the latter, on which this paper will pay its major attention, the role of methodology is crucial. This paper will therefore touch on this issue and the role of methodology in inventing knowledge and in the analysis of economic datum. Here by methodology we mean particularly fiqh. We contend that fiqh is in itself methodology. It is rich with methodological tools such as the concept of maqashid al-syariah (the purpose of divine law which may be used not only to analyze economic datum but also to provide a schemata in resolving some economic problems. By speaking of fiqh as a science of economics we hope to pave the way for the possible invention of the science of economics based on fiqh and its philosophy.

  3. Kritik Epistemologi Islam dalam Islamologi Terapan

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    Isa Anshori

    2015-10-01

    Full Text Available This article discusses critique of Islamic epistemology within applied Islamology. The writer concludes that Islamic epistemology is an episteme which has been originally derived from Islamic doctrines. It can be obtained through a number of methods. The first method is revelation, which has an absolute truth. The second way is reason, which becomes a potency blessed by God to all humankind. Through impressions, which are attained by the five senses, the reason uses them as source of contemplation to draw conclusions. This episteme contains, however, a relative truth. The third method is kashfî. This episteme is also named as ‘irfanî episteme, which had successfully grown within Sufism tradition where the source of knowledge is experience, namely al-ru’yat al-mubâshirah (direct experience. The last mentioned episteme is founded on the dichotomy between exoteric and esoteric aspects where the hierarchy of esoteric knowledge is higher than the exoteric ones as the first possesses divine basis. The critique of Islamic epistemology within applied Islamology is oriented towards the domination of scientific epistemology or modern epistemology, which recognizes positivism or scientific knowledge as the sole method employed by the modern people to gain knowledge. The fundamental difference between the scientific-rational episteme and the Islamic episteme rests within each worldview.

  4. Sufism: The inner dimension of Islam

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    Vukomanović Milan

    2008-01-01

    Full Text Available The first part of this article is a short introduction into Sufism, seen as a unique mode of expressing the internal, mystical dimension of Islam. In this section, the history, doctrine and ritual practice of the main dervish communities have been considered. In the second part, predominantly based on the author's preliminary field study of the extant dervish communities in Bosnia-Herzegovina, more attention has been dedicated to the revival of Islamic mysticism in a contemporary context. In terms of sociology of religion, the revitalization of Sufism in Bosnia-Herzegovina could be understood within the broader framework of the revival of classical religiosity in the Balkans. After World War Two, the activities of the dervish orders in Bosnia were prohibited, mainly due to the modernist Islamic community supported by the ruling structures. This, of course, should be taken into consideration when discussing the issue of Islamic orthodoxy versus mysticism. A complete renewal of Sufism has taken place in the 1990s, after the dissolution of Yugoslavia and completion of the war. Therefore, one is dealing here with the renewal of classical religiosity, because Sufism had been developed within Orthodox Islam in Bosnia since the Ottoman period.

  5. The Egyptian Arab Spring and Political Islam

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    Ayman Gad El ashkar

    2016-07-01

    Full Text Available This study elaborates and analyzes the phenomenon and concept of political Islam, the reasons of the increased role of the Islamists and their political and reformist tendencies in the light of the Egyptian revolution of Arab Spring, reasons and the main factors that have contributed on their advent into power and their influence in that time, the issue of the application of Islamic Sharia and complex realities about this dilemma. The revolutions of Arab Spring, including the Egyptian revolution, are considered one of the most important and most dangerous events in the XXI century after the terrorist attacks of 11 September 2001, not only in the Middle East but throughout the world because of their impact on peace and global security. The growth of the phenomenon of political Islam and the advent of Islamists into power in Egypt has represented one of the most remarkable features of this sudden revolution. No doubt that the issue of the relationship between Islam and the state's political system raises many confusing questions for many people. In this sense the importance of this study will directly identify the fact that the leadership of Islamists in Egypt is not the implementation of Islamic Sharia but their movements and ideology.

  6. Pemikiran Politik Islam Zainal Abidin Ahmad

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    Fisher Zulkarnain

    2017-05-01

    Full Text Available Zainal Abidin Ahmad is a prominent Muslim intellectual and political expert from Masyumi who was formed by self-made or self-taught who lived before and after the independence of Indonesia. His ability mastering Arabic, Dutch and English is the most valuable asset so that he is able to master knowledge independently. This makes him in tune with other Masyumi leaders who have formal education graduates. He was also known as the "ideologue" of the Masyumi Party and held the post of Deputy chairman of the Majelis Perwakilan Rakyat Sementara (MPRS as well as party envoy to the constituent assembly of 1955. However, he was not well known in comparison to other Masyumi figures such as Mohammad Natsir and Sjafruddin Prawiranegara. Zainal Abidin Ahmad poured his thoughts by writing books related to Islamic politics. The number of books he wrote was no less than 30 titles. This achievement made him one of the most prominent Islamic figures to write books in his era. The books he wrote are always related to Islam, especially with regard to Islamic political thought of the ancients or ideas that have relevance in its time. This article keen interest in synthesizing Islam with the state, and also highlights his various political views as well as analyzes Ahmad's in practical politics through his works.

  7. Legality of Tawarruq in Islamic Finance

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    Nur Yuhanis Bt Ismon

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available Objective – Islamic finance has been established as an alternative to the conventional banking system which is made up component not permitted under Shariah. Tawarruq is one of the Islamic finance products which commonly used in Islamic banks. This research assesses two important areas which include the principle of Tawarruq in Fiqh perspective and the practical aspect of such principle in Islamic banks in Malaysia.Method – The method used for this research is comparative analysis.Result – This research begins to explore the different views of the proponent and opponents toward the legality of Tawarruq in Fiqh . Instead of considering the basic condition of the valid sale, the other aspect has to be pondered by the contemporary scholars to render Tawarruq is valid sale according to Shariah. The legality of Tawarruq has been debate by some scholars. Due to that, there are different resolution and rulings from Islamic countries on legality of of Tawarruq . In the practical aspect, Tawarruq has been used in Malaysia by Bursa Malaysia Suq Al Sila' as a trading platform and it uses Crude Palm Oil (CPO as the commodity in Tawarruq transaction. While, in the Middle East, it uses London Metal Exchange (LME in dealing with commodity transaction through Tawarruq principle.Conclusion – Based on the legal argument on the permissibility of Tawarruq , it can be summarized that Tawarruq is permissible but subject to certain condition. Provided that genuine Tawarruq is permissible than organized Tawarruq in Tawarruq transaction.Keywords: Tawarruq, Murabahah

  8. The Islamic Movement at Khairun University Ternate

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    Muhammad Irfan Syuhudi

    2015-12-01

    Full Text Available This article aims to describe Islamic religious thought of Muslim student at KhairunUniversity in Ternate and the dynamic of religious movement organizations on  campus. Informants of this study were selected using purposive method including activists of  Islamic organizations, students, and lecturers of the university. Data were collected using interviews, observation, and documentation, and searching data related to social context of the study from the internet. Findings of the research shows that the type of religious understanding and nationality of Muslim students after the reformation era at Khairun University began experiencing a shift since the presence of trans-national organizations, such as the Indonesian Muslim Student Action Union (KAMMI, Campus Propagation Institute (LDK, Hizbut Tahrir (HT, and Wahdah Islamiyah (WI. Those organizations adopt fundamentalists thought who want purification of Islam, and anti-tradition. Nationality thought adopted by these organizations is a country that imposes Islamic law and Establishes a state of Khilafah (HT. Nevertheless, most students at the Khairun University embrace cultural Islam, following the footsteps of their parents and Ternate society in general.

  9. Rekonstruksi Tujuan Pendidikan Islam Berbasis Taksonomi Transenden

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    Ah. Zakki Fuad

    2016-03-01

    Full Text Available This article focuses on the reconstruction of the objective of Islamic education based on transcendent taxonomy. This study is based on the idea that “the objective of Islamic education is to make students good”. The word “good” becomes the key as well as the entrance to formulate the objective of Islamic education by examining the concept of “good” in the Qur’ân. The concept is studied using a model of thematic tafsir (mawdû‘î approach. Using this approach, the word “good” is sought through three stems, i.e., the words ahsan-yuhsin, saluh-yasluh, and khayr with their various forms and changes in the Qur’ân. The classification of verses uses the theory of taxonomy. This article reveals that the objectives of Islamic education taxonomy can be called the ‘transcendent taxonomy.’ The objectives of Islamic education based on the Qur’an can be classified into three dimensions: ilâhîyah (theocentrism; divinity, insânîyah (anthro-pocentrism; humanity, and kawnîyah (cosmocentrism; naturality.

  10. Konsep Kepemimpinan Bermutu dalam Pendidikan Islam

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    Aldo Redho Syam

    2017-12-01

    Full Text Available Leaders in Islamic educational institutions have a great responsibility, because of their role such as the ability to make decisions and skills in making new ideas as the demands of society. Being a leader in Islamic educational institution is not only required to master various leadership theories, but also must be able to apply them in the institution. Some principles that must be owned by a leader in carrying out his leadership in an Islamic educational institution should rely on things that have been ordered by Allah SWT. Principles of leadership in Islam namely trust, fair, deliberation, and amar ma ' ruf nahi munkar. While qualifications of leader in Islamic education as follows: sincere, always take the initiative, able to create network and use it, trustworthy, work hard and earnest, mastering the problem and can solve it, have high integrity, have high guts and not afraid of risk, honest and open, ready to sacrifice, assertive, intelligent in seeing, listening, evaluating, judging, deciding, and solving it, able to communicate, and Good in mu'amalah.

  11. Teaching "Islam and Human Rights" in the Classroom

    Science.gov (United States)

    Muedini, Fait A.

    2012-01-01

    This article discusses my approach to teaching a course on Islam and human rights. I begin by examining the attention Islam has received in the media and classroom. Then, I discuss how I structure lectures on Islam and human rights, the various readings associated with the lectures, as well as common themes discussed in class that include but are…

  12. Islam, Democracy and Education for Non-Violence

    Science.gov (United States)

    Waghid, Yusef

    2014-01-01

    In this article, I shall attempt to rebuff the view that there is a necessary connection between a monotheistic religion, like Islam, and violence. Rather, I shall argue that the link between Islam and violence is a contingent one, that is, it is neither necessary nor impossible, depending on the reasons offered by a particular Islamic faith…

  13. KESADARAN SEJARAH HUKUM PERANG DAN DAMAI SEBAGAI KHASANAH DUNIA ISLAM

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    ANTON MINARDI

    2016-03-01

    Full Text Available As Islamic teachings cope various fields of human life, and the grace of Islam make a positive contribution to the community and have been coloring various world civilizations. West is now advanced and modern cannot be separated from Islamic world in the previous progress. Development of a civilized nation today following the rules in international relations is influenced by the teachings of Islam including the law of war and peace. Many people are not aware of it, so that it is time for us to acknowledge and restate the repertoire of Islamic science view as an intellectual property in the modern civilized world. Keyword: History of Scientific Awareness; the laws of war and peace; the Islamic World ABSTRAK Sebagai ajaran Islam mencakup berbagai lapangan kehidupan manusia, dan sebagai rahmat Islam memberikan kontribusi positif kepada berbagai komunitas dan telah mewarnai peradaban dunia. Barat yang sekarang maju dan modern tidak terlepas dari kemajuan Islam sebelumnya. Pembangunan bangsa yang beradab masa kini berikut kaidah-kaidah dalam hubungan internasional dipengaruhi oleh ajaran-ajaran Islam termasuk di dalamnya adalah hokum perang dan damai. Banyak kalangan yang tidak menyadari akan hal tersebut, untuk itu sudah saatnya kita mengakui dan mengemukakan kembali khasanah ilmu pengetahuan Islam sebagai salah satu kekayaan intelektual dunia yang berperadaban modern. Kata kunci: Kesadaran Sejarah Ilmiah; Hukum Perang dan damai; Dunia Islam

  14. Process of Internationalization in Islamic Banking: The Case of Serbia

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    Aida Hanić

    2017-12-01

    Full Text Available Islamic banks are financial institutions operating in accordance with religious Islamic law (Sharia. Although it is familiar as non interest banking, because the interest is forbidden, Islamic banking represents a complete set of moral and ethical activities that must be taken into account when making investment decisions and financing business activities. Share of Islamic banking in Islamic finance is around 80% with the value of approximately $ 1.57 trillion by the end of 2015 (IFSI Stability Report 2016. Islamic banking in Western Balkan is present only in Bosnia and Herzegovina (B&H that has one Islamic bank, Bosna Bank International (BBI established in 2000. Serbia, as a country that has attracted many Arab investors, doesn’t have any Islamic bank operating in the country. The aim of this research is to explore is there a public interest in Islamic banking, especially among the commercial banks in Serbia and are there possibilities for development of Islamic banking in this country. To explore these two main questions, author conducted a research by using a questionnaire among the chairmen and members of the administrative Board of 12 commercial banks in Serbia. The result of the research show that commercial banks in Serbia are not interested in this type of a banking activity. On the other hand they are also not sufficiently familiar with the concept of Islamic banking. The research showed that process of internationalization of Islamic banking is not present in Serbia.

  15. Spirituality in Teacher Training at an Islamic College in Israel

    Science.gov (United States)

    Erdreich, Lauren

    2016-01-01

    This article looks at an Islamic teacher training college in Israel in an attempt to understand how religious revival shapes women's understandings of being Muslim women professionals in Israel. The college grew out of Islamic revival in Israel; its teacher training program reflects the sensibilities that Islamic revival hopes to foster in women…

  16. SUPERVISI PENDIDIKAN AGAMA ISLAM (Pembinaan Guru Agama Madrasah / Sekolah

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    Abu Bakar

    2011-06-01

    Full Text Available Islam education supervision, having task does operation, estimation and menilik or mensupervisi to good Islam education at schooled Common and also Islam institution. Despitefully Supervises education also constitute applicable tricks in give service and construction to teacher deeping to perform its duty assignment at Madrasah / School in effort reaches education aim already be established effectively and efesien.

  17. Supervisi Pendidikan Agama Islam (Pembinaan Guru Agama Madrasah / Sekolah)

    OpenAIRE

    Bakar, Abu

    2011-01-01

    Islam education supervision, having task does operation, estimation and menilik or mensupervisi to good Islam education at schooled Common and also Islam institution. Despitefully Supervises education also constitute applicable tricks in give service and construction to teacher deeping to perform its duty assignment at Madrasah / School in effort reaches education aim already be established effectively and efesien.

  18. PEMIKIRAN ISLAM PROGRESSIF: Dua Dekade Pemikiran dan Gerakan Jaringan Islam Liberal (JIL

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    A. Ilyas Ismail

    2017-08-01

    Secara teologis, Islam adalah satu (tunggal dan mutlak benar. Namun, secara historis, setelah dicoba dihayati, dipahami, dan diterjemahkan dalam realitas kehidupan dalam dimensi ruang dan waktu, Islam tidak tunggal, tetapi beragam alias plural yang mewujud dan mengejawantah setidak-tidaknya dalam tiga aliran pemikiran, yaitu Islam tradisional, Islam revivalis (fundmentalisme, dan Islam liberal (progresif. Kelompok Jaringan Islam Liberal (JIL mewakili pola pemikiran yang terakhir. Meski usianya relative muda, baru 10 tahun, JIL menjadi popular karena mengusung pemikiran-pemikiran baru yang sering memunculkan kontroversi dalam masyarakat. Pembaharus pemikiran yang diusung JIL menyangkut empat bidang. Pertama, pembaruan dalam bidang poiitik. Di sini, JIL mengedepankan gagasan sekularisme. Kedua, pembaruan dalam bidang social agama dan kemasyarakatan. Di sini, JIL mengusung ide atau konsep pluralisme. Ketiga, pembaruan dalam kebebasan individu. Dalam hal ini, JIL mengedepankan gagasan liberalism baik dalam berpikir maupun bertindak. Keempat, pembaruan dalam bidang perempuan. Di sini JIL mengusung ide kesetaraan gender. Pemikiran pembaharuan JIL ini mendapat pro dan kontra dalam masyarakat. Sebagian mencela dan mengecamnya, tetapi sebagian lagi memberi apresiasi dan mendukungnya.Dalam suasan semacam itu, JIL terus tumbuh sebagai pemikiran dan gerakan Islam progresif di Indonesia.

  19. Transformasi Intelektual Melalui Penerbitan Buku-Buku Islam Serta Pengaruhnya Terhadap Dakwah Islam

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    Amirudin Amirudin

    2015-07-01

    Transformation and change in the Islamic world caused by factors other than "local" neighborhood where Muslims are also influenced by global conditions. Contact with the culture of modernity requires that Muslims make changes in the thoughts, actions, and institutions. Factors that cause the transformation of Islam is very complex. These factors include the growth of true love in Islam as proselytizing, economic conditions are improving, increasing the number of “middle-class Muslims”, and spread the extent of the rise of Islam on a global level. But one thing is clear that the transformation was not appear suddenly, but is the result and consequence of a long process of historical development. The idea of renewal of Islamic intellectualism experienced young intellectuals in Indonesia when judging historically have occurred earlier in the year 1970-1980. As a result, research monograph book publishers Islam is first brought to the world an idea of how the business of the Muslims of Indonesia to manage ideas and activities fixate, documenting and disable the legacies of Islamic culture and civilization in the form of a book, a culture that has a cultural value and business value at the same time.

  20. The rights of women in Islam: Examples of Afghanistan and the Islamic Republic of Iran

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    Gregorian Meril

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available When we look at the rights and status of women in Islam, it is necessary to carefully look at the different interpretations within the framework of Islamic religious schools (madhhabs, their interpretation of various aspects of Islam with aspects of certain religious teachings and schools. Every ideology and teachings have their own specific value system, as well as the specific standards, guidelines and principles to be observed by their creators, followers and admirers. Thus, Islamic intellectuals and lawyers of 'fiqh' must offer a solution to his followers for their environmental problems and dilemmas to play a positive role in social trends in the contemporary Islamic world. It is common to all religious-legal school of interpretation 'fiqh' and the position of women base their teachings on the interpretation of the holy book the Koran and the sunna. All founders of these directions are considered orthodox and differ only in terms of religious rites, interpretations of the Koran, as well as the logical conclusion of the instrument of thought. In the modern world the role of women in Islamic society is more delicate than ever before in history. There is no doubt that the woman will be in terms of Shariah seen as an exemplary member of society and the role of women represents the heart of the Islamic Ummah (community of believers.

  1. Law and Islamic finance: How legal origins affect Islamic finance development?

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    Rihab Grassa

    2014-09-01

    Full Text Available Many researchers have shown that differences in legal origin explain differences in financial development. Using historical comparisons and cross-country regressions for 30 countries observed for the period from 2005 to 2010, this study tried to assess if different legal origins impacted on the development of Islamic finance. More particularly, this paper tried to assess empirically why and how Shari'a Law's legal origins adopted wholly or partially (combined with Common or Civil Law could explain the level of development of Islamic finance in different jurisdictions. Firstly, we found that countries adopting a Shari'a legal system had a very well developed Islamic financial system. Secondly, we found that countries, adopting a mixed legal system based on Common Law and Shari'a Law, were characterized by the flexibility of their legal systems to make changes to their laws in response to the changing socioeconomic conditions and that these helped the development of the Islamic financial industry. However, we found that countries, adopting a mixed legal system based on both Civil Law and Shari'a Law, were less flexible in making changes to their old laws and this thwarted the development of the Islamic financial industry in these countries. Thirdly, we found that the concentration of Muslim population (the percentage of Muslim population had a positive effect on the development of the Islamic banking system. Also, the level of income had a positive and significant effect on the development of Islamic banking.

  2. Perkembangan Islam dan Praktek Islam dalam Selebaran Film Indonesia di Era Soeharto (1966-1998

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    Christopher A Woodrich

    2017-09-01

    Full Text Available Using a corpus of 300 film flyers issued between 1966 and 1998, this article examines how Islam was depicted in advertisements for Indonesian films under the Suharto government. It finds that, although explicit symbols of Islamic religiosity were generally not included in film flyers, such depictions could still be found, both in flyers for films intended to preach Islamic values as well as in flyers for films with more general themes. Markers of Islam identified include turbans, skullcaps, headscarves, language, the Qur'an, prayers, prayer beads, mosques, and the Kaaba, all of which were used to portray an Islamic identity that was in some ways highly normative while in other ways quite diverse. Though these flyers tempered the exclusivity of Islamic identity, they are also indicative of the religion's special position in contemporary Indonesian popular discourse. The use of these markers, thus, underscores the dynamicity and fluidity of discourse on Islamic identity in Suharto-era Indonesia and emphasizes the need to recognize the contributions of popular culture to national discourse of identity, religious or otherwise.

  3. ISLAMIC KNOWLEDGE CLASSIFICATION SCHEME IN ISLAMIC COUNTRIES’ LIBRARIES: Challenges and Opportunities

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    M. Solihin Arianto

    2006-08-01

    Full Text Available Beberapa sarjana Muslim pada periode Islam awal telah mencurahkan perhatian yang cukup besar dalam pengklasifikasian ilmu pengetahuan dengan tujuan mengorganisasikan pengetahuan yang dapat ditransmisikan dengan cara sistemik kepada generasi berikutnya. Upaya pengklasifikasian pengetahuan ini semestinya memberikan kontribusi yang cukup signifikan dalam lingkungan perpustakaan atau pusat informasi Islam, terutamauntuk menempatkan disiplin pengetahuan tertentu atas sebuah dokumen dari seluruh organisasi pengetahuan yang ada. Di sisi lain, skema klasifikasi pengetahuan yang dihasilkan sarjana-sarjana Barat seperti DDC, LCC, dan UDC telah mendominasi lembaga-lembaga informasi di seluruh dunia termasuk negara-negara Islam.Bagaimanapun, akhirnya disadari bahwa skema-skema klasifikasi tersebut tidak memuaskan institusi-institusi informasi Islam karena mempunyai beberapa kelemahan dan perlakuan yang kurang memadai untuk mengorganisasikan dokumendokumen dalam bidang studi ke-Islaman. Berkaitan dengan hal tersebut, tulisan ini berusaha mengkaji berbagai upaya yang telah dilakukan perpustakaan-perpustakaan beberapa negara Islam seperti Arab Saudi, Iran, Pakistan, Indonesia, dan Malaysia dalam mengembangkan skema klasifikasi pengetahuan Islam. Di samping itu, berbagai problem dan tantangan ke depan yang dihadapi perpustakaan-perpustakaan tersebut sebagai akibat sistem klasifikasi Islam yang diterapkan secara berbeda antara satu negara dengan lainnya juga dibahas dalam artikel ini.

  4. Star formation

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Woodward, P.R.

    1978-01-01

    Theoretical models of star formation are discussed beginning with the earliest stages and ending in the formation of rotating, self-gravitating disks or rings. First a model of the implosion of very diffuse gas clouds is presented which relies upon a shock at the edge of a galactic spiral arm to drive the implosion. Second, models are presented for the formation of a second generation of massive stars in such a cloud once a first generation has formed. These models rely on the ionizing radiation from massive stars or on the supernova shocks produced when these stars explode. Finally, calculations of the gravitational collapse of rotating clouds are discussed with special focus on the question of whether rotating disks or rings are the result of such a collapse. 65 references

  5. MENUJU HUKUM PERKAWINAN ISLAM PROGRESIF TOWARDS PROGRESSIVE ISLAMIC MARRIAGE LAW

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    Muhamad Isna Wahyudi

    2014-03-01

    Full Text Available Ada  beberapa  ketentuan  dalam  Rancangan  Undang-Undang  Hukum  Materiil  Peradilan  Agama bidang  Perkawinan  yang  perlu  dirumuskan  sesuai  dengan  kondisi  saat  ini.  Dengan  cara  tersebut, hukum  perkawinan  Islam  di  Indonesia  akan  progresif  dan  tidak  diskriminatif  terhadap  kaum perempuan. Ketentuan-ketentuan tersebut mencakup rukun perkawinan, usia perkawinan, wali nikah, dan status anak. Makalah ini mencoba untuk melakukan kontekstualisasi ketentuan-ketentuan tersebut sesuai  dengan  kondisi  saat  ini  dengan  menggunakan  pendekatan  hermeneutik.  Sebagai  hasilnya, pencatatan  perkawinan  seharusnya  menjadi  salah  satu  rukun  perkawinan,  usia  perkawinan  harus dirumuskan  dengan  mempertimbangkan  kesehatan  reproduksi  kaum  perempuan,  wali  nikah  bagi calon pengantin perempuan bukan rukun perkawinan, dan anak dari perempuan yang menikah pada saat hamil termasuk sebagai anak sah yang memiliki nasab kepada kedua orang tuanya. There are some provisions on the Bill of Religious Judicature Substantial Law on Marriage that need to  be formulated in  accordance  with the  present time.  In  this  way,  the Islamic  Law  of Marriage in Indonesia  will  be  progressive  and  not  discriminative  against  women.  Those  provisions  include  the pillar of marriage, the age of marriage, the guardian of marriage,  and the status of child.  This article tries  to  contextualize  those  provisions  in  accordance  with  the  present  time  using  hermeneutical approach. As the result, the registration of marriage should be one of the pillars of marriage, the age of  marriage  should  be  formulated  by  considering  women’s  reproduction  health,  the  guardian  of marriage for the bride is not pillar of marriage, and the child of pregnant woman marriage is counted as legal child whose lineage to both parents

  6. Wave Star

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Kramer, Morten; Frigaard, Peter

    Nærværende rapport beskriver modelforsøg udført på Aalborg Universitet, Institut for Byggeri og Anlæg med bølgeenergianlæget Wave Star.......Nærværende rapport beskriver modelforsøg udført på Aalborg Universitet, Institut for Byggeri og Anlæg med bølgeenergianlæget Wave Star....

  7. Wave Star

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Kramer, Morten; Andersen, Thomas Lykke

    Nærværende rapport beskriver modelforsøg udført på Aalborg Universitet, Institut for Vand, Jord og Miljøteknik med bølgeenergianlægget Wave Star.......Nærværende rapport beskriver modelforsøg udført på Aalborg Universitet, Institut for Vand, Jord og Miljøteknik med bølgeenergianlægget Wave Star....

  8. REVIVALISME PENDIDIKAN ISLAM AWAL ABAD 20 (STUDI KRITIS PEMBARUAN PENDIDIKAN ISLAM PERSPEKTIF KH. AHMAD DAHLAN

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Zetty Azizatun Ni'mah

    2016-05-01

    Full Text Available The idea of Islamic educational reform in Indonesia began in the early twentieth century. This was caused by out of concerns Muslim intellectual leaders of the secular education system which implemented the Dutch East Indies and then has a negative impact on the condition of Islamic education in Indonesia. KH. Ahmad Dahlan is pioneer figure of Islamic educational reform in Indonesia. He is of leaders respond to the condition of Islamic education in Indonesia needs to be updated in terms of objectives, materials, methods and management. This article aims to analyze thoughts KH. Ahmad Dahlan. KH. Ahmad Dahlan reform of Islamic education as well as his correlation with the current education system. This issues is examined using research methods “library research” using written materials in the form of books, magazines, journals, articles and other literatures relevant to the discussion. For data analysis the authors use the approach of history, sociology and anthropology. The results of the research that has been conducted by the author suggests that the concept of Islamic education reform in perspective KH. Ahmad: the aim of Islamic education leads to increased economic, politic, social race with modernism education, the Qur’an and Hadits are direct material examined by leaving the classic are often assessed the traditionalists, Islamic education methods abandon traditional methods, the Islamic educational institutions organized under auspices of the Muhammadiyah organization with a model of organizational leadership. Educational issues such as character building, problem solving, integration of scientific and educational innovation are concepts of education offered by KH.Ahmad Dahlan which it is an attempt to anticipate the renewal of the times and the situation in the subsequent periods.

  9. STARS no star on Kauai

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Jones, M.

    1993-01-01

    The island of Kuai, home to the Pacific Missile Range Facility, is preparing for the first of a series of Star Wars rocket launches expected to begin early this year. The Strategic Defense Initiative plans 40 launches of the Stategic Target System (STARS) over a 10-year period. The focus of the tests appears to be weapons and sensors designed to combat multiple-warhead ICBMs, which will be banned under the START II Treaty that was signed in January. The focus of this article is to express the dubious value of testing the STARS at a time when their application will not be an anticipated problem

  10. Flare stars

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Nicastro, A.J.

    1981-01-01

    The least massive, but possibly most numerous, stars in a galaxy are the dwarf M stars. It has been observed that some of these dwarfs are characterized by a short increase in brightness. These stars are called flare stars. These flare stars release a lot of energy in a short amount of time. The process producing the eruption must be energetic. The increase in light intensity can be explained by a small area rising to a much higher temperature. Solar flares are looked at to help understand the phenomenon of stellar flares. Dwarfs that flare are observed to have strong magnetic fields. Those dwarf without the strong magnetic field do not seem to flare. It is believed that these regions of strong magnetic fields are associated with star spots. Theories on the energy that power the flares are given. Astrophysicists theorize that the driving force of a stellar flare is the detachment and collapse of a loop of magnetic flux. The mass loss due to stellar flares is discussed. It is believed that stellar flares are a significant contributor to the mass of interstellar medium in the Milky Way

  11. Lokalitas, Islamisitas dan Globalitas : Tafsir Falsafi dalam Pengembangan Pemikiran Peradaban Islam

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    M. Amin Abdullah

    2012-12-01

    Full Text Available Abstract : This paper attempts to consider how the history of world religions, including the history of Islamic civilization, always have, through and documenting the cultural encounter, i.e. the relationship between center and periphery and the experience of the encounter in the frontier. Two-ways relationship shaping a dyadic pattern, that is the encounter of Muslim with the local culture in which the regional and national states dimensions is being ignored, or vice versa, and also an encounter of Muslim with the nation states which forgetting the aspirations and local culture, yet to meet and to relate the two with international issues, either an encounter of religion and international community as well, is almost impossible to bring about the new problems within the  dynamics of the global era today. Thus, the role of philosophical interpretation and contemporary Islamic philosophy is to provide a discern socio-cultural analysis in its interplay more complete and accurate between regional, national and mondial.Keywords : Philosophical interpretaion, cultural encounters, the perma-nence, the change, univocality of being, gradation of being, maqāṣid sharī’ah, interpreted sharī’ah, Islamicate Abstrak : Tulisan ini mencoba menilik bagaimana sejarah agama-agama dunia, termasuk sejarah peradaban Islam, selalu mengalami, melalui dan mendokumentasikan proses hubungan perjumpaan yang bercorak kultural (cultural encounter, baik hubungan antara pusat dan pinggir (centre and periphery maupun pengalaman perjumpaan di wilayah tapal batas (frontier. Hubungan dua arah yang bercorak diadik, yaitu perjumpaan pemeluk agama Islam dengan budaya lokal dengan melupakan dimensi regionalitas dan nasionalitas (nation states atau sebaliknya, juga perjumpaan pemeluk agama Islam dengan negara-bangsa (nation states dengan melupakan aspirasi dan budaya lokal, belum lagi menghubungkan dan memperjumpakan keduanya dengan isu-isu global-internasional (world

  12. THE POLITICS OF BENEVOLENCE: Political Patronage of Party-based Charitable Organizations in Contemporary Indonesian Islam

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Hilman Latief

    2013-12-01

    Full Text Available The rise of party-based Islamic charities has had a profound impact on the nature of philanthropic activities in contemporary Indonesia, and stimulated a new debate over the issue of the politics of benevolent acts. Over the past few years, in line with the increase of the influence of the Islamic factor in Indonesian politics, there have been a number of political parties which actively engaged with social welfare activities through the newly-established Islamic charitable organizations. The close ties between charitable organizations and political parties may lead to the new patterns of Muslim social and political activism, and to the new forms of political clientelism. This article analyzes the vibrant effort of political parties in sponsoring the inception and operation of Islamic charitable organizations in the post New Order era, and investigates how political clientelism has been established through charity practices. This paper compares the roles of charitable organizations set up by the nationalist and Islamist parties in formulating strategies to promote their political interest. Based on three political parties studied in this article, which are the Prosperous Justice Party (PKS, Golkar Party, and the Indonesian Democratic Party of Struggle (PDI-P, this paper argues that the practice of charity has become a popular way used by politicians to patronize their constituents, but at the same time, this practice has weakened the Muslim perspective of development and social change.[Munculnya lembaga-lembaga amal yang dikelola oleh partai politik berpengaruh luas terhadap aktifitas filantropi di Indonesia dan memicu perdebatan seputar politik-kedermawanan. Dalam beberapa tahun terakhir, selaras dengan semakin meningkatnya pengaruh Islam dalam lanskap politik Indonesia, partai-partai politik juga berlomba-lomba untuk terlibat aktif dalam aktifitas filantropi dengan mendirikan lembaga amal. Ikatan kuat antara partai politik dan lembaga amal

  13. Sounds of a Star

    Science.gov (United States)

    2001-06-01

    in Alpha Cen A with the CORALIE spectrograph on the 1.2-m Swiss telescope at the ESO La Silla observatory. Several "eigenmodes" appear as high peaks in the frequency interval between 1.7 and 3 mHz; they correspond to oscillation periods in the range from 5 to 10 min. A very similar pattern is observed in the Sun. The data from five nights of observations were then searched to detect any changes of velocity and hence, oscillations. Astronomers use sophisticated mathematical methods for this kind of analysis, and normally present their results in terms of a "power spectrum" ( PR Photo 23b/01 ). It displays the "intensity" of oscillations at different frequencies, that is, of different periods; particularly high "peaks" indicate a "real" oscillation of that frequency. The comb of peaks visible between 2-3 mHz is the unambiguous and typical signature of solar-like oscillations . This frequency corresponds to a period of about 7 minutes, close to the well-known 5-minute oscillations of our Sun. This is in full agreement with expectations from theoretical models of the two stars. Continued detailed modeling of these new results will further improve the associated determination of the mass, radius, age, chemical composition and other properties of Alpha Cen A . This result is another proof of the excellent performance of the CORALIE spectrograph, providing extremely accurate measurements without the present investigation would have been impossible. Models of stellar interiors Our current understanding of stellar interiors is severely limited by lack of detailed and accurate observations of stars other than the Sun. In technical terms, for a complete description of the conditions inside a star, we need detailed knowledge of at least five stellar parameters (mass, age, initial content of helium and heavier elements, and a parameter describing the convection). However, in most cases, only two stellar properties can be measured directly (the temperature and the luminosity), so

  14. Some Demands Towards Establishment For Islamic Banking Law in Islamic Perspective

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Djawahir Hejazziey

    2016-04-01

    Full Text Available Beberapa Tuntutan Terhadap Pemberlakuan Hukum PerbankanSyariah. Hukum dibentuk untuk melayani masyarakat. Dengan demikian, hukum tunduk kepada masyarakat. Berbeda halnya dengan hukum agama (Islam, masyarakat wajib tunduk kepada hukum agama (Islam. Hukum yang dapat dipatuhi dan diterima oleh masyarakat adalah hukum yang didesain sesuai dengan ideologi dan kepercayaan masyarakat itu sendiri. Masyarakat Indonesia mayoritas memeluk agama Islam. Untuk itu, kelahiran dan pembentukan hukum perbankan syariah banyak dipengaruhi oleh tuntutan masyarakat yang didukung berlatar belakang agama yang dianut, di samping adanya tuntutan ideologi, politik, ekonomi, dan budaya. DOI: 10.15408/jch.v1i1.2921

  15. Historic Gardens Chorbog In The Islamic Countries

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mustayev Bahrom Bahodirovich

    2017-11-01

    Full Text Available In principle any garden reminds us of beauty and unity of nature. But there exist gardens arranged in accordance with the traditional principles of the Islamic Chorbog or architecturally -organized a Four-sides garden which possesses as it seems to me considerably more potential than the gardens planned without such principles. At the present paper an attempt has been made to prove it and it is noted that the Koran is sacred for Moslem people and its references to nature as well as the description of paradise gardens deserves the careful study when considering the meaning of the Islamic gardens. Types and peculiarities of the Islamic countries gardens are also considered in the given paper.

  16. ISLAM DAN RADIKALISME: Upaya Antisipasi dan Penanggulangannya

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    Idrus Ruslan

    2017-02-01

    Full Text Available Sejak tragedi pemboman WTC tanggal 11 September 2001 yang disusul dengan rangkaian peledakan bom di sejumlah negara, banyak orang non Muslim yang berasumsi bahwa ajaran Islam identik dengan radikalisme. Walaupun assumsi yang berkembang itu dapat dimaklumi, namun keyakinan tersebut tentu saja tidak sepenuhnya benar. Karena meskipun terdapat sekelompok orang Islam yang berbuat radikal, akan tetapi mayoritas Muslim justru bertentangan dengan mereka. Lagi pula, jika dicermati secara mendalam, sesungguhnya Islam sama sekali tidak mentolerir tindakan radikal. Ia adalah agama kasih sayang yang sangat mendodrong penganutnya untuk berbuat baik terhadap orang lain, termasuk kepada orang-orang non-Muslim. Artikel ini menawarkan beberapa upaya strategis dalam mengantisipasi dan menanggulangi bahaya radikalisme-terorisme.

  17. Editorial: From Public Domain to Islamic Philosophy

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Editor Al-Jami'ah: Journal of Islamic Studies

    2012-07-01

    Full Text Available The current edition of Al-Jami’ah: Journal of Islamic Studies throws light on various themes related to contemporary development of Islamic religiosity with its multiple contexts. Indeed, Islam has become inspirations for many who uphold its dogma. Muslims, like any other who embrace other faiths, have participated in the creation of various traditions along human history. The author detects the internal development of the PKS in which its activists responded to the gender issues in two ways. The first group remains conservative in line with Islamist ideology. The second group seems to start looking at the issue in a rather progressive way. Whereas the conservative wing displays their ideological stance, the progressive wing exhibits pragmatic step in response to the demand of the current context. After all, this shows ambiguity in the party’s position pertaining to gender issues.

  18. Islamic Law and Terrorism in Indonesia

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ramlani Lina Sinaulan

    2016-03-01

    Full Text Available Jihād and terrorism are not the same. In the context of sharia that implementation of the jihād has parameters measured with a layer of ethics based on the commands Al Quran and the Hadith of Prophet and the explanation the Ulama. Muslims in Indonesia views that the essentially not much different from the views on jihād and terror in other Islamic countries, especially the Middle East. In the context of Islamic law, jihād has multi spectral studies, but none of these studies that equate the meaning of jihād with terrorism, or none of them agreed that acts of terror as has been demonstrated by radical groups that are part of the concept Islam.

  19. Posthumous Assisted Reproduction from Islamic Perspective

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Reza Omani Samani

    2008-01-01

    Full Text Available Rapid development in assisted reproductive techniques along with relieving the pain of childlessnesshas brought new ethical and policy dilemmas. Posthumous assisted reproduction is the mostchallenging, difficult and sensitive issue to be discussed ethically and religiously. In this paper theacceptability of the posthumous reproduction in Islamic contexts is evaluated and major concernslike Consent and ownership of the gametes after death, Family and Marriage vision and Welfareof the child are discussed together with some international legislation. We can conclude that uponIslamic vision to assisted reproductive techniques as treatment of families and relieving the seriousproblem of childlessness, posthumous assisted reproduction is unacceptable even with previouslyfrozen gametes or embryos. Also, Islamic vision to marriage, consent and welfare of the childconfirms the unacceptability. There must be some law or legislation to ban this procedure in Islamiccontexts.

  20. Determinants of The Islamic Social Reporting Disclosure

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Uun Sunarsih

    2016-12-01

    Full Text Available The issue of corporate responsibility was a warm up for discussion. This study aimed to analyze the influence of company issuing sukuk, size, and profitability on the disclosure of Islamic Social Reporting. This study uses secondary data obtained through the site www.bapepam.go.id and www.idx.co.id by using purposive sampling. The results showed that only size that affect the disclosure of ISR, so the larger the total assets of the greater disclosure of Islamic Social Reporting. Sukuk issuance has no effect because the ownership structure of companies in Asia, including Indonesia tends to family ownership concentration. Profitability has no effect because the company has a perspective that is different to the Islamic Social Reporting.DOI: 10.15408/aiq.v9i1.3771