Luik, Riina, 1962-
2008-01-01
Õiglase kaubanduse toodete tarbimine maailmas kasvas 2007. aastal 47 %. Õiglase kaubanduse süsteemi sünniloost, arengust ja toodetest, Fairtrade'i kaupade tarbimisest ja kaubamärgi tuntusest Eestis. Arvamust avaldavad: Riina Kuusik, Mairika Juhandi, Anne Harak, Kätlin Rohilaid, Jaanus Vernik, Riina Pärnpuu, Ave Oit, Siret Shalamov. Lisad: Õiglane kaubandus maailmas; Käi õiges poes!; Eestis müüdavad Fairtrade'i tooted; The Body Shop
Luik, Riina, 1962-
2008-01-01
Õiglase kaubanduse toodete tarbimine maailmas kasvas 2007. aastal 47 %. Õiglase kaubanduse süsteemi sünniloost, arengust ja toodetest, Fairtrade'i kaupade tarbimisest ja kaubamärgi tuntusest Eestis. Arvamust avaldavad: Riina Kuusik, Mairika Juhandi, Anne Harak, Kätlin Rohilaid, Jaanus Vernik, Riina Pärnpuu, Ave Oit, Siret Shalamov. Lisad: Õiglane kaubandus maailmas; Käi õiges poes!; Eestis müüdavad Fairtrade'i tooted; The Body Shop
Tülikas meediademokraat Hans H. Luik / Hans H Luik ; interv. Jaanika Merilo
Luik, Hans H., 1961-
2006-01-01
Ekspress Grupi omanik ja nõukogu liige Hans H. Luik vastab küsimustele, mis puudutavad Ekspress Grupi võimlikku börsile minekut, meediaportfelli laiendamist ning tema vastu suunatuid rünnakuid. Skeem: Ekspress Grupp. Tabelid: Eesti Ekspressi majandusnäitajad; Ekspress Grupi majandusnäitajad. Kommenteerivad: Tuomas Siltala, Karoly Kirber, Lauri Lind ja Peeter Koppel
Linnapea, keda rõõmustab titekisa / Jüri Ratas ; interv. Riina Luik
Ratas, Jüri, 1978-
2006-01-01
Tallinna linnapea vastab küsimustele, mis puudutavad tema suhtumist opositsiooni kriitikasse, linna juhtimist, perekonda, lapsepõlve, spordiga tegelemist, sõpruskonda, eraettevõtlusest loobumist ning suhteid kirikuga. Lisa: Jüri Ratas (27). Vt. samas lühiintervjuud linnapea abikaasa Karin Ratasega. Kommenteerib Jüri Ratase endine klassijuhataja Nõmme gümnaasiumist, võrkpallitreener Raimund Pundi
Kannel, Astrid, 1967-
2006-01-01
Ajakirjanik vastab küsimustele, mis puudutavad Võidupäeva pidustuste raames Moskvas toimunud Venemaa presidendi Vladimir Putini pressikonverentsi, ajakirjanikutööd, eraelu ning hobisid. Lisa: Astrid Kannel CV
Jaapanlased näevad Eestis uut turgu / Kazuhisa Sano ; interv. Riina Luik
Sano, Kazuhisa
2005-01-01
Jaapani suurima turismifirma Japan Travel Bureau tegevjuht vastab küsimustele, mis puudutavad Ettevõtluse Sihtasutusega sõlmitud koostöölepet, turismikoostöö arendamist Eestiga, jaapani turistide huvi Soome vastu, muljeid Eestist. Lisa: Jaapanlased Eestis
Jaapanlased näevad Eestis uut turgu / Kazuhisa Sano ; interv. Riina Luik
Sano, Kazuhisa
2005-01-01
Jaapani suurima turismifirma Japan Travel Bureau tegevjuht vastab küsimustele, mis puudutavad Ettevõtluse Sihtasutusega sõlmitud koostöölepet, turismikoostöö arendamist Eestiga, jaapani turistide huvi Soome vastu, muljeid Eestist. Lisa: Jaapanlased Eestis
Linnapea, keda rõõmustab titekisa / Jüri Ratas ; interv. Riina Luik
Ratas, Jüri, 1978-
2006-01-01
Tallinna linnapea vastab küsimustele, mis puudutavad tema suhtumist opositsiooni kriitikasse, linna juhtimist, perekonda, lapsepõlve, spordiga tegelemist, sõpruskonda, eraettevõtlusest loobumist ning suhteid kirikuga. Lisa: Jüri Ratas (27). Vt. samas lühiintervjuud linnapea abikaasa Karin Ratasega. Kommenteerib Jüri Ratase endine klassijuhataja Nõmme gümnaasiumist, võrkpallitreener Raimund Pundi
Kannel, Astrid, 1967-
2006-01-01
Ajakirjanik vastab küsimustele, mis puudutavad Võidupäeva pidustuste raames Moskvas toimunud Venemaa presidendi Vladimir Putini pressikonverentsi, ajakirjanikutööd, eraelu ning hobisid. Lisa: Astrid Kannel CV
Leonardot Eestisse oodates / Riina Luik
Luik, Riina, 1962-
2010-01-01
Ühest Itaalia erakogust leitud Leonardo da Vinci väidetavast autoportreest ja selle tuvastamise loost. Maali uurimisprotsessi kaasati Orest Kormašov, kes lõi teosest 3D mudeli. Portreemaali eksponeeritakse Kadrioru Kunstimuuseumis 5.-12. veebruarini 2010
Tee selgeks, mis sind segab / Hede Kerstin Luik ; interv. Aavo Kokk
Luik, Hede Kerstin
2003-01-01
Statoili turundusjuht Hede Kerstin Luik kirjeldab muutusi, mida Shelli bensiinijaamade ostmine ettevõttele ning selle töötajatele kaasa tõi ning kuidas pingelisel ajal tööstressiga võideldi. Kommenteerib Mihkel Reinsalu.
Ärma talu iseteadlik perenaine Evelin Int-Lambot / Evelin Int-Lambot ; interv. Riina Luik
Int-Lambot, Evelin, 1968-
2004-01-01
Eesti tipp-poliitiku Toomas Hendrik Ilvese abikaasa, paljude arvamuslugude autor räägib oma elust metsatalus, lapse kasvatamisest, poliitikast, elu väärtushinnangutest. Kommenteerivad: Rain Pikand, Ando Kiviberg
Avastamas Lõuna-Tuneesiat / Riina Luik
Luik, Riina, 1962-
2013-01-01
Reisikiri Lõuna-Tuneesiast: Sahaara kõrb, Djerba saare ajalugu, saarel tugipunkti leidnud kreeka-türgi päritolu piraatidest - vendadest Barbarossadest, kellest vanima tegelik nimi oli Oruç Reis, juudi deasporaast saarel, vaatamisväärsused
Turismis puhuvad uued tuuled / Riina Luik
Luik, Riina, 1962-
2005-01-01
Ülevaade Berliini turismimessist. Lisa: 2004. a. turismiala maailma parimad selgunud. Kommenteerivad: Tai välisturismiameti direktor Anupharp Thirarath, Phuketi turismiliidu president Pattanapong Aikwanich, Baltikumi Berliini reisibüroo tegevjuht Anda Shilde, Läti riikliku turismiarenduskeskuse direktor Uldis Vitolins ja Leedu riikliku turismiameti marketingiosakonna juhataja Zhydrune Kelpshaite
Luik, Viivi, 1946-
2003-01-01
Arvustus: Singer, Isaac Bashevis. Eksinud Ameerikasse / inglise keelest tõlkinud Udo Uibo. Tallinn : Vagabund, 2003. Ilmunud ka: Luik, Viivi. Kõne koolimaja haual. Tallinn : Tuum, 2006, lk. 82-83, pealk. "Eksinud Ameerikasse"
Luik, Viivi, 1946-
2003-01-01
Arvustus: Singer, Isaac Bashevis. Eksinud Ameerikasse / inglise keelest tõlkinud Udo Uibo. Tallinn : Vagabund, 2003. Ilmunud ka: Luik, Viivi. Kõne koolimaja haual. Tallinn : Tuum, 2006, lk. 82-83, pealk. "Eksinud Ameerikasse"
Kohtumine vaikuse teel / Norbert Roztock ; intervjueerinud Riina Luik
Roztock, Norbert
2009-01-01
Poola fotograafi Norbert Roztocki fotonäitus Bielany eremiitliku mungakloostri elust "Camaldoli pühad isad" Tallinnas Dominiiklaste kloostris 20. augustini. Autor fotosarja sünnist, tagamaadest, kloostris veedetud ajast
Troopiline paradiis otse Euroopa südames / Riina Luik
Luik, Riina, 1962-
2010-01-01
Berliini-Dresdeni kiirtee ääres asuvast troopilisest veekeskusest Tropical Islands, mis pakub siseruumis rannapuhkust ja rõõmustab puhkajat ookeani, vihmametsa, kämpinguala, kohvikute, jõusaali, saunade, erinevate meelelahutusetendustega jne
Käopoeg võõras pesas / Riina Luik
Luik, Riina, 1962-
2004-01-01
Äsja Saksamaal ilmunud raamat "Käo-faktor" tekitas riigis lauspaanika - nimelt väidavad DNA-uurijad, et keskeltläbi iga kümnes sakslane on sündinud oma ema kõrvalsuhtest. Samas vastab küsimustele raamatu autor, bioloog ja Müncheni geeniuuringulabori Genedia juht dr. Hildegard Haas. Vt. ka Infopress 10. dets., lk. 32-33
Prantsusmaa silub Ida-Euroopga suhteid / Riina Luik
Luik, Riina, 1962-
2004-01-01
Prantsusmaa peaminister Jean-Pierre Raffarin kohtus Pariisis Ida-Euroopa ajakirjanikega ja rääkis EL-i riikide suhetest ja majanduskoostööst. Vt. samas: Andres Kasekamp. Näpuga viibutamise aeg on möödas. Lisa: Jean-Pierre Raffarin (55)
Kohtumine vaikuse teel / Norbert Roztock ; intervjueerinud Riina Luik
Roztock, Norbert
2009-01-01
Poola fotograafi Norbert Roztocki fotonäitus Bielany eremiitliku mungakloostri elust "Camaldoli pühad isad" Tallinnas Dominiiklaste kloostris 20. augustini. Autor fotosarja sünnist, tagamaadest, kloostris veedetud ajast
Troopiline paradiis otse Euroopa südames / Riina Luik
Luik, Riina, 1962-
2010-01-01
Berliini-Dresdeni kiirtee ääres asuvast troopilisest veekeskusest Tropical Islands, mis pakub siseruumis rannapuhkust ja rõõmustab puhkajat ookeani, vihmametsa, kämpinguala, kohvikute, jõusaali, saunade, erinevate meelelahutusetendustega jne
Käopoeg võõras pesas / Riina Luik
Luik, Riina, 1962-
2004-01-01
Äsja Saksamaal ilmunud raamat "Käo-faktor" tekitas riigis lauspaanika - nimelt väidavad DNA-uurijad, et keskeltläbi iga kümnes sakslane on sündinud oma ema kõrvalsuhtest. Samas vastab küsimustele raamatu autor, bioloog ja Müncheni geeniuuringulabori Genedia juht dr. Hildegard Haas. Vt. ka Infopress 10. dets., lk. 32-33
Luik on risk Ekspressi aktsiale / Tõnis Oja
Oja, Tõnis, 1957-
2007-01-01
Autor leiab, et Hans H. Luik on Ekspress Grupi suuromanikuna väikeaktsionärile suureks riskifaktoriks, sest keerulistel aegadel, kui tuleb valida väikeaktsionäride ja suuromaniku huvide vahel, eelistab ta väga suure tõenäosusega iseennast
Villu Veski - mees, kes seisab ausa ja eheda muusika eest / Villu Veski ; intervjueerinud Riina Luik
Veski, Villu, 1962-
2011-01-01
7. mail Euroopa päeval koos Exotic European Band-iga esinev muusik räägib kontserdist, 2011. aasta tulevikumuusikafestivalist Juu Jääb ja Tallinn 2011 kultuuriprogrammi kuuluvast kontserditriloogiast "Mere rahvas"
Keenia hotelliplahvatust peetakse al-Quaida kätetööks / Riina Luik
Luik, Riina, 1962-
2002-01-01
Suitsiiditerroristide rünnakust Iisraeli turiste majutavas Keenia sadama- ja kuurortlinna Mombasa hotellis. Vt. samas: Siseminister Seppik: Keenia puutub ka meisse. Vt. ka sama autori art. lk. 11 Hotellirünnakus Keenias hukkus 15 inimest
Euroopa turismiteenuste kõrge tase innustab ka Eesti ettevõtjaid / Riina Luik
Luik, Riina, 1962-
2005-01-01
6. aprillil autasustati Suurbritannia suursaadiku residentsis Tabasalus esmakordselt turismialal tegutsevaid Eesti väikeettevõtjaid diplomiga "Märk kindlast arengust". Turismiettevõtete kvaliteediprogrammist, Eesti ettevõtete teenuste kvaliteedist. Lisa: Diplomi "Märk kindlast arengust" pälvisid. Kommenteerib projekti nõustaja Roger Evans
Mozarti kadunud autograaf võtab publiku ees kuju / Riina Luik
Luik, Riina, 1962-
2011-01-01
Eesti Ajaloomuuseumis asuvast Mozarti autograafist 27. klaverikontserdi B-duur käsikirjast. Tiina Õuna uurimistööst Mozarti noodikäsikirja teekonna Viinist Tallinna uurimisel. 30. septembril Estonia kontserdisaalis toimuvast kontserdist, kus ettekandele tuleb ka 27. klaverikontsert
Sinine Laguun - sinine pärl mustade laavaväljade embuses / Riina Luik
Luik, Riina, 1962-
2010-01-01
Islandi loodusest, geisritest ning kuumaveeallikatest ja nende kasutamisest saare kütteallikatena ning spaaturismis, täpsemalt Sinise Laguuni nimelise termaaljärve juurde ehitatud ülimoodsast sama nimelisest kompleksist, kus on nii spaa, restoran, kliinik psoriaasihaigetele, kui ka konverentsikeskus
Alguses oli HELI ja PÄRT, siis Jalaka LAVASTUS / Riina Luik
Luik, Riina, 1962-
2010-01-01
Tõnu Kaljuste ja Peeter Jalaka lavastusest "Alguses oli", lavastuse aluseks Arvo Pärdi teosed "In Principio" ja "Miserere", 17. augustil Noblesse valukojas toimunud etendusest, muusikaline juht Tõnu Kaljuste. Arvo Pärdi pidunädalate ürituste loetelu
Alguses oli HELI ja PÄRT, siis Jalaka LAVASTUS / Riina Luik
Luik, Riina, 1962-
2010-01-01
Tõnu Kaljuste ja Peeter Jalaka lavastusest "Alguses oli", lavastuse aluseks Arvo Pärdi teosed "In Principio" ja "Miserere", 17. augustil Noblesse valukojas toimunud etendusest, muusikaline juht Tõnu Kaljuste. Arvo Pärdi pidunädalate ürituste loetelu
Kuressaare, Kihnu ja Prangli jahisadamad / Riina Raig
Raig, Riina
1999-01-01
Projekteerijad: firma COWI (Taani) ja MERIN AS. Sadamahoonete arhitekt Riina Raig. Kuressaare jahisadama hoone sisekujundaja Vello Liiv, ehituse peatöövõtja Feer AS, projekt 1997-98, ehitus 1998-99. Kihnu ja Prangli jahisadamate projektid: 1998-99. 10 illustratsiooni: vaated, I korruse plaanid
Luik : Kennan muutis mõtteviisi / Jüri Luik ; interv. Erkki Bahovski
Luik, Jüri, 1966-
2005-01-01
Eesti USA suursaadiku sõnul muutis George Kennan Lääne mõtteviisi, pannes piiri demokraatiate taganemisele kommunistliku Venemaa ees. Lisa: George Frost Kennan. Vt. samas: Kaarel Kaas. Kommunismi ohjeldaja suri 101-aastasena. Vt. ka Lennart Meri. Suur ja väike : George F. Kennan 1904-2005, lk. 13
Luik : Kennan muutis mõtteviisi / Jüri Luik ; interv. Erkki Bahovski
Luik, Jüri, 1966-
2005-01-01
Eesti USA suursaadiku sõnul muutis George Kennan Lääne mõtteviisi, pannes piiri demokraatiate taganemisele kommunistliku Venemaa ees. Lisa: George Frost Kennan. Vt. samas: Kaarel Kaas. Kommunismi ohjeldaja suri 101-aastasena. Vt. ka Lennart Meri. Suur ja väike : George F. Kennan 1904-2005, lk. 13
Stiilne tööintervjuu / interv. Riina Põldroos
2006-01-01
Schengen Facility projektide hangete koordinaator ja Euroopa Liidu õiguse lektor Cadrin Lokotar, Manifesti filmifestivalide peakorraldaja ja MTÜ Kultuuritegijad juhataja Triin Teramäe, Politseiameti avalike suhete osakonna juhataja Anu Adra-Entsik ning Tallinna Saksa Gümnaasiumi algklassiõpetaja Kristel Nuume vastavad tööriietust puudutavatele küsimustele
Mis on õiglane kaubandus? / Riina Kuusik ; interv. Inge Pitsner
Kuusik, Riina
2006-01-01
ETV saate "Tasakaal" tegijad külastasid Nicaraguat ja Costa Ricat, et vaadata, kuidas elavad ja töötavad "õiglase kaubanduse" süsteemi kuuluvad talunikud, õiglase kaubanduse (fairtrade) mõistest
Mis on õiglane kaubandus? / Riina Kuusik ; interv. Inge Pitsner
Kuusik, Riina
2006-01-01
ETV saate "Tasakaal" tegijad külastasid Nicaraguat ja Costa Ricat, et vaadata, kuidas elavad ja töötavad "õiglase kaubanduse" süsteemi kuuluvad talunikud, õiglase kaubanduse (fairtrade) mõistest
AS CLIK tootmishoone. Assaku / Riina Altmäe
Altmäe, Riina
1998-01-01
Assaku loomalautade ümberehitus ventilatsiooniseadmeid valmistava ja paigaldava firma tootmishooneks. Loomafarm koosnes kolmest omavahel ühekorruseliste vaheplokkidega ühendatud laudast. Uus sisu jagunes : tootmishall, ladu, garaaž, büroo. Projekteertija AS RAA. Arhitekt Riina Altmäe. Insener A. Kudu. Sisekujundaja Rein Nurmse. Ehituse peatöövõtt : Harju Ehitus. Projekt 1996, ehitus alates 1996
Rotermanni proovijahuveski = Rotermann flour test sample mill / Ainar Luik, Emil Urbel
Luik, Ainar, 1968-
2009-01-01
Tallinna Rotermanni kvartali proovijahuveski renoveerimisest äri- ja kaubanduspindadeks. Arhitekt AB Emil Urbel, autorid Emil Urbel ja Ainar Luik, konstruktorid Tõnu Peipmann ja Andres Sokk. Projekt 2007, valmis 2008
Rotermanni proovijahuveski = Rotermann flour test sample mill / Ainar Luik, Emil Urbel
Luik, Ainar, 1968-
2009-01-01
Tallinna Rotermanni kvartali proovijahuveski renoveerimisest äri- ja kaubanduspindadeks. Arhitekt AB Emil Urbel, autorid Emil Urbel ja Ainar Luik, konstruktorid Tõnu Peipmann ja Andres Sokk. Projekt 2007, valmis 2008
Missugused on teie kogemused väikeklassidega? / Villu Mengel, Ana Kontor, Katrin Betlem, Riina Kink
2013-01-01
Küsimusele vastasid Sikupilli keskkooli direktor Villu Mengel, Tartu hariduse tugiteenuste keskuse eripedagoog Ana Kontor, Tabasalu ühisgümnaasiumi õppejuht-sotsiaalpedagoog Katrin Betlem, Keila kooli põhikooli õppejuht Riina Kink
Missugused on teie kogemused väikeklassidega? / Villu Mengel, Ana Kontor, Katrin Betlem, Riina Kink
2013-01-01
Küsimusele vastasid Sikupilli keskkooli direktor Villu Mengel, Tartu hariduse tugiteenuste keskuse eripedagoog Ana Kontor, Tabasalu ühisgümnaasiumi õppejuht-sotsiaalpedagoog Katrin Betlem, Keila kooli põhikooli õppejuht Riina Kink
Kaubamaja Naistemaailm = Tallinn Kaubamaja Ladies' World / Külli Salum, Riina Harik
Salum, Külli, 1971-
2013-01-01
Tallinna Kaubamaja Naistemaailma (Gonsiori 2) sisekujundusest. Autorid: Külli Salum ja Riina Harik (Saha IN). Skulptuurid: Kalle-Priit Pruuden. Sisearhitekti ja ESLi aastapreemiate žürii liikme Tarmo Piirmetsa arvamus
Muutlik varjuteater / Jaak Jõerüü, Viivi Luik ; küsinud Doris Kareva
Jõerüüt, Jaak, 1947-
2011-01-01
Jaak Jõerüüt Viivi Luige romaanist "Varjuteater" ning Viivi Luige ja Hedi Rosma vestlusraamatust "Ma olen raamat" ; Viivi Luik Jaak Jõerüüdi luulekogust "Armastuse laiad, kõrged hooned" ja romaanist "Muutlik". Kõik teosed ilmusid 2010. a.
Milline oli teie esimene töökoht? / Raivo Vare, Rein Lang, Hans H Luik
Vare, Raivo, 1958-
2002-01-01
Oma esimest töökohta meenutavad Tallinna abilinnapea, AS-i Trio LSL nõukogu esimees Rein Lang, AS-i Pakterminal juhatuse esimees Raivo Vare ja Eesti Ekspressi vastutav väljaandja ning Ekspress Grupi nõukogu liige Hans H. Luik
Lõoke, Ralf, 1978-
2011-01-01
Arhitektid: Maarja Kask, Karli Luik, Ralf Lõoke, Pelle-Sten Viiburg (Salto AB). Näituse kujundajad: Malle Jürgenson, Tea Tammelaan, Krista Lepland (Laika, Belka & Strelka). Maarja Kask, Karli Luik ja Ralf Lõoke pälvisid Eesti Kultuurkapitali aastapreemia (2010) kõrgetasemelise panuse eest Eesti maa-arhitektuuri: Eesti Maanteemuuseumi välialad (kaasautor Pelle-Sten Viiburg), Sõmeru keskushoone (kaasautorid Kristiina Arusoo ja Margit Argus)
Lõoke, Ralf, 1978-
2011-01-01
Arhitektid: Maarja Kask, Karli Luik, Ralf Lõoke, Pelle-Sten Viiburg (Salto AB). Näituse kujundajad: Malle Jürgenson, Tea Tammelaan, Krista Lepland (Laika, Belka & Strelka). Maarja Kask, Karli Luik ja Ralf Lõoke pälvisid Eesti Kultuurkapitali aastapreemia (2010) kõrgetasemelise panuse eest Eesti maa-arhitektuuri: Eesti Maanteemuuseumi välialad (kaasautor Pelle-Sten Viiburg), Sõmeru keskushoone (kaasautorid Kristiina Arusoo ja Margit Argus)
Tänavatants on jõudnud Põlvasse / Joel Juht ; interv. Kadri Luik
Juht, Joel
2006-01-01
2. veebr. toimus Põlva Tervisekeskuse tantsusaalis esimest korda JJ-Street Dance Company poolt korraldatud tänavatantsu treening, mida viisid läbi tantsustuudio looja Joel Juht ja treener Britta Gassmann
Tänavatants on jõudnud Põlvasse / Joel Juht ; interv. Kadri Luik
Juht, Joel
2006-01-01
2. veebr. toimus Põlva Tervisekeskuse tantsusaalis esimest korda JJ-Street Dance Company poolt korraldatud tänavatantsu treening, mida viisid läbi tantsustuudio looja Joel Juht ja treener Britta Gassmann
Tõnisson, Tali, Lesta või Raja Teele / Iivi Masso, Andrei Hvostov, Hans H. Luik...[jt.
2001-01-01
Neli arvamusliidrit (politoloog Iivi Masso, ajaloolane Andrei Hvostov, meediaärimees Hans H. Luik ja kirjanik Mati Unt) jagavad näpunäiteid Estonia kontserdisaali presidenti valima tulevatele valijameestele. Samas diagramm: Kas tulevane president võib olla kuulunud komparteisse?
Ruudi, Ingrid, 1978-
2011-01-01
Barcelonas 2.-4. nov. 2011 toimunud 4. Maailma arhitektuurifestivalist (WAF). Muljeid jagavad II vooru pääsenud eesti arhitektid Maarja Kask, Karli Luik ja Ralf Lõoke AB-st Salto (Põhuteater, Sõmeru keskus), Martin Aunin (Must maja Nõmmel), Indrek Allmann AB-st Pluss (poolautonoomne saun). Üldvõitja - Media-ICT Barcelonas (Cloud 9 / Enric Ruiz-Geli)
Ruudi, Ingrid, 1978-
2011-01-01
Barcelonas 2.-4. nov. 2011 toimunud 4. Maailma arhitektuurifestivalist (WAF). Muljeid jagavad II vooru pääsenud eesti arhitektid Maarja Kask, Karli Luik ja Ralf Lõoke AB-st Salto (Põhuteater, Sõmeru keskus), Martin Aunin (Must maja Nõmmel), Indrek Allmann AB-st Pluss (poolautonoomne saun). Üldvõitja - Media-ICT Barcelonas (Cloud 9 / Enric Ruiz-Geli)
Eestlased saavad arengumaade õnnele söömisega kaasa aidata / Riina Kuusk ; interv. Andres Reimer
Kuusk, Riina
2008-01-01
Õiglase kaubanduse kaubamärgi Fair Trade esindaja vastab küsimustele, kas Eesti ostjat saab meelitada õilsate eesmärkide nimel rohkem maksma, kas eestlane on valmis oma tarbimist muutma, et kusagil kaugel mõnd inimest toetada, milline läbimüügisiht on Fair Trade'il Eestis, kas õiglane kaubandus võib oma pakkumiste ja kampaaniatega hakata ohustama Eesti põllumeest
Eestlased saavad arengumaade õnnele söömisega kaasa aidata / Riina Kuusk ; interv. Andres Reimer
Kuusk, Riina
2008-01-01
Õiglase kaubanduse kaubamärgi Fair Trade esindaja vastab küsimustele, kas Eesti ostjat saab meelitada õilsate eesmärkide nimel rohkem maksma, kas eestlane on valmis oma tarbimist muutma, et kusagil kaugel mõnd inimest toetada, milline läbimüügisiht on Fair Trade'il Eestis, kas õiglane kaubandus võib oma pakkumiste ja kampaaniatega hakata ohustama Eesti põllumeest
Töökohtade nappus muudab Pärnumaa vallad magalaks / interv. Silvia Paluoja, interv. Riina Kuru
2002-01-01
Riigikogu liige Jaanus Männik, vallavanemad Ants Tiido ja Riho Erismaa, Pärnumaa omavalitsuste liidu tegevdirektor Valdeko Gailit ja AS Patareiekspert müügijuht Lembit Miil vastavad küsimustele paljude vallajuhtide kandideerimise kohta valimisliidu nimekirjas, vallas töökohtade loomise, vallateede parandamise, maakoolides antava hariduse kohta. Kaart: Erakonnad ja valimislidud Pärnu maakonnas. Parlamendisaadik
Niidas, Raivo
2009-01-01
Küsimusele vastavad: Tallinna Ehituskooli direktor Raivo Niidas, Luua Metsanduskooli aianduse valdkonna juhtivõpetaja Raili Laas, Pärnu Kutsehariduskeskuse direktor Riina Müürsepp, Olustvere Teenindus- ja Maamajanduskooli direktor Arnold Pastak
Parts, Juhan, 1966-
2007-01-01
Jõgevamaal visiidil viibinud majandusminister Juhan Parts ettevõtete Valmeco ja Werol Tehased külastusest ja seal nähtust, Venemaa puidutarnetest, Eesti metsanduspoliitikast, Tallinn-Tartu maantee ehitusest, reisirongiliiklusest, ettevõtluse arengu võimalustest regioonis
Parts, Juhan, 1966-
2007-01-01
Jõgevamaal visiidil viibinud majandusminister Juhan Parts ettevõtete Valmeco ja Werol Tehased külastusest ja seal nähtust, Venemaa puidutarnetest, Eesti metsanduspoliitikast, Tallinn-Tartu maantee ehitusest, reisirongiliiklusest, ettevõtluse arengu võimalustest regioonis
Mida teha, et mehed rohkem õpiksid? / Helena Antunes, Väino Luik, Külliki Kask, Jüri Ginter...[jt.
2008-01-01
Küsimusele vastavad täiskasvanukoolitaja Helena Antunes, Viiratsi vallavanem Väino Luik, Tartu Karlova gümnaasiumi õpetaja Külliki Kask, Tartu Ülikooli kasvatusteaduse instituudi õppejõud Jüri Ginter, Tartu täiskasvanute gümnaasiumi õppealajuhataja Marika Kaasik ja Tartu täiskasvanute gümnaasiumi õpilane Kätlin Tali
Mida teha, et mehed rohkem õpiksid? / Helena Antunes, Väino Luik, Külliki Kask, Jüri Ginter...[jt.
2008-01-01
Küsimusele vastavad täiskasvanukoolitaja Helena Antunes, Viiratsi vallavanem Väino Luik, Tartu Karlova gümnaasiumi õpetaja Külliki Kask, Tartu Ülikooli kasvatusteaduse instituudi õppejõud Jüri Ginter, Tartu täiskasvanute gümnaasiumi õppealajuhataja Marika Kaasik ja Tartu täiskasvanute gümnaasiumi õpilane Kätlin Tali
"Tabamata ime" Tallinna Linnateatris / Merle Karusoo ; interv. Triin Sinissaar
Karusoo, Merle, 1944-
2001-01-01
10. märtsil esietendus Tallinna Linnateatris Eduard Vilde "Tabamata ime", lavastaja Merle Karusoo, kunstnik Aime Unt, muusikaline kujundaja Riina Roose. "Tabamata ime" on EMA Kõrgema Lavakunstikooli XX lennu teine diplomilavastus
Ammende & Kilk / Rein Kilk ; interv. Madis Jürgen
Kilk, Rein, 1953-
1999-01-01
Ammende villa rentinud ärimees R. Kilk juugendstiilis Ammende villast (arhitekt F. Mierits) ja selle taastamisest. Restauraator Aivar Roosalu. 30ndate ümberehitusest (arhitekt O. Siinmaa). Kommenteerivad: kaastaastaja H. H. Luik, muinsuskaitsja L. Pakosta, M. Soosaar.
Ammende & Kilk / Rein Kilk ; interv. Madis Jürgen
Kilk, Rein, 1953-
1999-01-01
Ammende villa rentinud ärimees R. Kilk juugendstiilis Ammende villast (arhitekt F. Mierits) ja selle taastamisest. Restauraator Aivar Roosalu. 30ndate ümberehitusest (arhitekt O. Siinmaa). Kommenteerivad: kaastaastaja H. H. Luik, muinsuskaitsja L. Pakosta, M. Soosaar.
Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)
J. A. Chatfield
1978-01-01
Full Text Available Suppose N is a Banach space of norm |•| and R is the set of real numbers. All integrals used are of the subdivision-refinement type. The main theorem [Theorem 3] gives a representation of TH where H is a function from R×R to N such that H(p+,p+, H(p,p+, H(p−,p−, and H(p−,p each exist for each p and T is a bounded linear operator on the space of all such functions H. In particular we show that TH=(I∫abfHdα+∑i=1∞[H(xi−1,xi−1+−H(xi−1+,xi−1+]β(xi−1+∑i=1∞[H(xi−,xi−H(xi−,xi−]Θ(xi−1,xiwhere each of α, β, and Θ depend only on T, α is of bounded variation, β and Θ are 0 except at a countable number of points, fH is a function from R to N depending on H and {xi}i=1∞ denotes the points P in [a,b]. for which [H(p,p+−H(p+,p+]≠0 or [H(p−,p−H(p−,p−]≠0. We also define an interior interval function integral and give a relationship between it and the standard interval function integral.
Luik, Aado, 1937-
2002-01-01
Põhjus-tagajärg diagramm (Ishikawa diagramm) annab piltliku ülevaate põhjustest, miks õpilased ei viitsi õppida. Pareto diagramm kajastab näitlikult erinevate põhjuste osa halva tagajärje kujunemises
Luik, Aado, 1937-
2002-01-01
Põhjus-tagajärg diagramm (Ishikawa diagramm) annab piltliku ülevaate põhjustest, miks õpilased ei viitsi õppida. Pareto diagramm kajastab näitlikult erinevate põhjuste osa halva tagajärje kujunemises
Mehed moest ja mõõtudest / Auris Rätsep, Sven Sester, Urmas Arumäe ; interv. Riina Kindlam
Rätsep, Auris
2006-01-01
Naiste ja meeste välimusest, moest ning stiilist räägivad konsultatsioonifirma Secret Service juhataja Auris Rätsep, Riigikogu majanduskomisjoni aseesimees Sven Sester, Viimsi vallavanem Urmas Arumäe
Kazhdõi mog bõ vozglavit Dom... / Fabrizio Talia ; interv. Alina Lind
Talia, Fabrizio
2006-01-01
Moemaja Moschino peadisaineri, SuperNoova žürii liikme Fabrizio Taliaga konkursist SuperNoova, tööst Moschino jaoks. Konkursil osalenutest meeldisid Aldo Järvsoo, Riina Põldroos ja Xenia Jedomskihh
Kazhdõi mog bõ vozglavit Dom... / Fabrizio Talia ; interv. Alina Lind
Talia, Fabrizio
2006-01-01
Moemaja Moschino peadisaineri, SuperNoova žürii liikme Fabrizio Taliaga konkursist SuperNoova, tööst Moschino jaoks. Konkursil osalenutest meeldisid Aldo Järvsoo, Riina Põldroos ja Xenia Jedomskihh
Kuidas jätkata arengut suure laenukoormusega vallas? / interv. Rannar Raba
2005-01-01
Karksi valla arengut tutvustavad erinevate poliitiliste jõudude esindajad: vallavanem Arvo Maling, Isamaaliidu kandidaat Kalle Gaston, Sotsiaaldemokraatliku Erakonna kandidaat Vladimir Averjan, Reformierakonna kandidaat Urmas Villbach ja vallavolikogu esimees Keskerakonna liige Heino Luik
Vastutada lustides ja vastupidi / interv. Eva-Liisa Linder
2006-01-01
Lavakunstikooli XXII lend räägib kooliajast, õpetajatest ja õppetööst. Kõnelevad Mihkel Kabel, Martin Kõiv, Risto Kübar, Lauri Lagle, Tõnn Lamp, Mari-Liis Lill, Markus Luik, Ragne Pekarev, Laura Peterson, Ursula Ratasepp, Inga Salurand, Veiko Tubin, Nero Urke, Britta Vahur ja Sergo Vares
Pottseppade Portugal / Riina Robinson
Robinson, Riina
2006-01-01
Portugali ühest populaarsemast käsitööliigist - keraamikast ja selle huvitavatest variantidest ning regiooniti iseloomulikest erinevustest - maalingute värvidest, mustritest, tehnoloogiast nii nõudel kui ka keraamilistel plaatidel
Hingedekuu menufilmid / Riina Sildos
Sildos, Riina
1999-01-01
Romantiline komöödia "Põgenev pruut" : režissöör Garry Marshall : Ameerika Ühendriigid 1999 ja komöödia "Austin Powers : Spioon, kes kargas mind" : režissöör Jay Roach : Ameerika Ühendriigid 1999
Eesti moodi... / Riina Põldroos
Põldroos, Riina, 1976-
2001-01-01
Moekonkurssil "SuperNoova" võitsid Tanel Veenre ja Hanna Korsar. Kirjeldatakse Tanel Veenre, Jaanus Orgusaare, Aldo Järvsoo, Antonio, Ketlin Bachmanni, Ruta Tepp'i, Karolin Kuusiku, Hanna Korsari, Piret Kartuse ja Laura Aabeni kollektsiooni
Hingedekuu menufilmid / Riina Sildos
Sildos, Riina
1999-01-01
Romantiline komöödia "Põgenev pruut" : režissöör Garry Marshall : Ameerika Ühendriigid 1999 ja komöödia "Austin Powers : Spioon, kes kargas mind" : režissöör Jay Roach : Ameerika Ühendriigid 1999
Interval arithmetic in calculations
Bairbekova, Gaziza; Mazakov, Talgat; Djomartova, Sholpan; Nugmanova, Salima
2016-10-01
Interval arithmetic is the mathematical structure, which for real intervals defines operations analogous to ordinary arithmetic ones. This field of mathematics is also called interval analysis or interval calculations. The given math model is convenient for investigating various applied objects: the quantities, the approximate values of which are known; the quantities obtained during calculations, the values of which are not exact because of rounding errors; random quantities. As a whole, the idea of interval calculations is the use of intervals as basic data objects. In this paper, we considered the definition of interval mathematics, investigated its properties, proved a theorem, and showed the efficiency of the new interval arithmetic. Besides, we briefly reviewed the works devoted to interval analysis and observed basic tendencies of development of integral analysis and interval calculations.
Saaremaa - kokkuhoidev kogukond
2004-01-01
Saaremaa Politseiprefektuuri töötajad Ants Ley, Meelis Juhandi, Hillar Peegel, Juri Krotman, Veigo Väli, Rainer Antsaar ja Riina Paju. Koostööpartneritena kommenteerivad Prits Liblik, Taivo Vaik, Toomas Luik ja Toomas Kasemaa. Vt. samas: Ajalooline Kuressaare politseimaja
Saaremaa - kokkuhoidev kogukond
2004-01-01
Saaremaa Politseiprefektuuri töötajad Ants Ley, Meelis Juhandi, Hillar Peegel, Juri Krotman, Veigo Väli, Rainer Antsaar ja Riina Paju. Koostööpartneritena kommenteerivad Prits Liblik, Taivo Vaik, Toomas Luik ja Toomas Kasemaa. Vt. samas: Ajalooline Kuressaare politseimaja
Alparslan-Gok, S.Z.; Brânzei, R.; Tijs, S.H.
2008-01-01
In this paper big boss interval games are introduced and various characterizations are given. The structure of the core of a big boss interval game is explicitly described and plays an important role relative to interval-type bi-monotonic allocation schemes for such games. Specifically, each element
Dürr, Christoph; Spieksma, Frits C R; Nobibon, Fabrice Talla; Woeginger, Gerhard J
2011-01-01
For a given set of intervals on the real line, we consider the problem of ordering the intervals with the goal of minimizing an objective function that depends on the exposed interval pieces (that is, the pieces that are not covered by earlier intervals in the ordering). This problem is motivated by an application in molecular biology that concerns the determination of the structure of the backbone of a protein. We present polynomial-time algorithms for several natural special cases of the problem that cover the situation where the interval boundaries are agreeably ordered and the situation where the interval set is laminar. Also the bottleneck variant of the problem is shown to be solvable in polynomial time. Finally we prove that the general problem is NP-hard, and that the existence of a constant-factor-approximation algorithm is unlikely.
Renessansinaine - taevane ja maine / Maimu Berg ; interv. Helina Piip
Berg, Maimu, 1945-
2005-01-01
Setälä, Päivi. Renessansiaja naine : naise elu 15. ja 16. sajandi Itaalias / [soome keelest tõlkinud Maimu Berg. Tallinn] : Huma, 2005. Kuulamisraamat: Berg, Maimu. Rokokoo daam [Helisalvestis] : kogumikust "On läinud" ; Minu elu temaga : kogumikust "Mina, moeajakirjanik" ; Vanad lood : kogumikust "On läinud" : [novellid] / sarja toimetas Raimo Pass ; loeb Riina Maidre ; muusika: Aare Põder. [Pärnu] : Audioraamat, [2005
Renessansinaine - taevane ja maine / Maimu Berg ; interv. Helina Piip
Berg, Maimu, 1945-
2005-01-01
Setälä, Päivi. Renessansiaja naine : naise elu 15. ja 16. sajandi Itaalias / [soome keelest tõlkinud Maimu Berg. Tallinn] : Huma, 2005. Kuulamisraamat: Berg, Maimu. Rokokoo daam [Helisalvestis] : kogumikust "On läinud" ; Minu elu temaga : kogumikust "Mina, moeajakirjanik" ; Vanad lood : kogumikust "On läinud" : [novellid] / sarja toimetas Raimo Pass ; loeb Riina Maidre ; muusika: Aare Põder. [Pärnu] : Audioraamat, [2005
Kolen, A.W.J.; Lenstra, J.K.; Papadimitriou, C.H.; Spieksma, F.C.R.
2007-01-01
In interval scheduling, not only the processing times of the jobs but also their starting times are given. This article surveys the area of interval scheduling and presents proofs of results that have been known within the community for some time. We first review the complexity and approximability o
Ph.H.B.F. Franses (Philip Hans); B.L.K. Vroomen (Björn)
2003-01-01
textabstractDuration intervals measure the dynamic impact of advertising on sales. More precise, the p per cent duration interval measures the time lag between the advertising impulse and the moment that p per cent of its effect has decayed. In this paper, we derive an expression for the duration
Jampani, Krishnam Raju
2010-01-01
In a recent paper, we introduced the simultaneous representation problem (defined for any graph class C) and studied the problem for chordal, comparability and permutation graphs. For interval graphs, the problem is defined as follows. Two interval graphs G_1 and G_2, sharing some vertices I (and the corresponding induced edges), are said to be `simultaneous interval graphs' if there exist interval representations R_1 and R_2 of G_1 and G_2, such that any vertex of I is mapped to the same interval in both R_1 and R_2. Equivalently, G_1 and G_2 are simultaneous interval graphs if there exist edges E' between G_1-I and G_2-I such that G_1 \\cup G_2 \\cup E' is an interval graph. Simultaneous representation problems are related to simultaneous planar embeddings, and have applications in any situation where it is desirable to consistently represent two related graphs, for example: interval graphs capturing overlaps of DNA fragments of two similar organisms; or graphs connected in time, where one is an updated versi...
Sammas number kaks / Karli Luik
Luik, Karli, 1977-
2011-01-01
Eesti Kunstiakadeemia uue hoone arhitektuurikonkursi võidutöö "Art Plaza" (Taani arhitektuuribürood Sea ja Effekt) muudetud joonistest. Kadunud on hoonesisene avar avalik ruum ja alles on jäänud tihedad, sügavad, kitsaste pimedate koridoridega korrused
Sammas number kaks / Karli Luik
Luik, Karli, 1977-
2011-01-01
Eesti Kunstiakadeemia uue hoone arhitektuurikonkursi võidutöö "Art Plaza" (Taani arhitektuuribürood Sea ja Effekt) muudetud joonistest. Kadunud on hoonesisene avar avalik ruum ja alles on jäänud tihedad, sügavad, kitsaste pimedate koridoridega korrused
Huvialaring igale lapsele / Lauri Luik
Luik, Lauri, 1982-
2008-01-01
Ilmunud ka: Vooremaa 20. märts lk. 2, Lääne Elu, Põhjarannik, Severnoje Poberezhje 25. märts lk. 2,4,4, Kuulutaja 28. märts lk. 4, Elva Postipoiss 29. märts lk. 4, Pärnu Postimees 4. apr. lk. 21, Paremad Uudised apr. nr. 3 lk. 7, Sakala 2. mai lk. 2. Huvialaringide riiklikust rahastamisest
Indian Academy of Sciences (India)
Deepak D’Souza; P S Thiagarajan
2002-04-01
We identify a subclass of timed automata called product interval automata and develop its theory. These automata consist of a network of timed agents with the key restriction being that there is just one clock for each agent and the way the clocks are read and reset is determined by the distribution of shared actions across the agents. We show that the resulting automata admit a clean theory in both logical and language theoretic terms. We also show that product interval automata are expressive enough to model the timed behaviour of asynchronous digital circuits.
Lotte maandub Cannes'is / Janno Põldma, Heiki Ernits ; interv. Jaan Ruus
Põldma, Janno, 1950-
2006-01-01
Eesti Joonisfilmi täispikk animafilm "Leiutajateküla Lotte", autoriteks Heiki Ernits, Janno Põldma ja Andrus Kivirähk on valmis. Filmi tootjate hulka kuuluvad ka Läti stuudio Rija Films ja Eesti Televisioon, projekti produtsent on Riina Sildos
Arne Niit sai Kuldnõela / Arne Niit ; interv. Valdo Jahilo
Niit, Arne, 1964-
2001-01-01
Intervjuu rõivadisainer Arne Niiduga, kes sai parima Eesti moekunstniku aastaauhinna Kuldnõela 2000. a. loomingu eest. Väike Kuldnõel, mis on mõeldud noorele disainerile, anti Riina Põldroosile. Kuldnõela auhinna pälvinud moekunstnike loetelu.
Lotte maandub Cannes'is / Janno Põldma, Heiki Ernits ; interv. Jaan Ruus
Põldma, Janno, 1950-
2006-01-01
Eesti Joonisfilmi täispikk animafilm "Leiutajateküla Lotte", autoriteks Heiki Ernits, Janno Põldma ja Andrus Kivirähk on valmis. Filmi tootjate hulka kuuluvad ka Läti stuudio Rija Films ja Eesti Televisioon, projekti produtsent on Riina Sildos
Interval methods: An introduction
DEFF Research Database (Denmark)
Achenie, L.E.K.; Kreinovich, V.; Madsen, Kaj
2006-01-01
. An important characteristic of the computer performance in scientific computing is the accuracy of the Computation results. Often, we can estimate this accuracy by using traditional statistical techniques. However, in many practical situations, we do not know the probability distributions of different...... the potential for solving increasingly difficult computational problems. However, given the complexity of modern computer architectures, the task of realizing this potential needs careful attention. A main concern of HPC is the development of software that optimizes the performance of a given computer...... measurement, estimation, and/or roundoff errors, we only know estimates of the upper bounds on the corresponding measurement errors, i.e., we only know an interval of possible values of each such error. The papers from the following chapter contain the description of the corresponding '' interval computation...
Varieties of Confidence Intervals.
Cousineau, Denis
2017-01-01
Error bars are useful to understand data and their interrelations. Here, it is shown that confidence intervals of the mean (CI M s) can be adjusted based on whether the objective is to highlight differences between measures or not and based on the experimental design (within- or between-group designs). Confidence intervals (CIs) can also be adjusted to take into account the sampling mechanisms and the population size (if not infinite). Names are proposed to distinguish the various types of CIs and the assumptions underlying them, and how to assess their validity is explained. The various CIs presented here are easily obtained from a succession of multiplicative adjustments to the basic (unadjusted) CI width. All summary results should present a measure of precision, such as CIs, as this information is complementary to effect sizes.
Applications of interval computations
Kreinovich, Vladik
1996-01-01
Primary Audience for the Book • Specialists in numerical computations who are interested in algorithms with automatic result verification. • Engineers, scientists, and practitioners who desire results with automatic verification and who would therefore benefit from the experience of suc cessful applications. • Students in applied mathematics and computer science who want to learn these methods. Goal Of the Book This book contains surveys of applications of interval computations, i. e. , appli cations of numerical methods with automatic result verification, that were pre sented at an international workshop on the subject in EI Paso, Texas, February 23-25, 1995. The purpose of this book is to disseminate detailed and surveyed information about existing and potential applications of this new growing field. Brief Description of the Papers At the most fundamental level, interval arithmetic operations work with sets: The result of a single arithmetic operation is the set of all possible results as the o...
Valitsejad püsinud aasta otsa pukis / interv. Enno Tammer
2000-01-01
Küsimustele, mis puudutavad valitsuse saavutusi ja probleeme, vastavad valitsuse liikmed M. Laar, J. Luik, T. Loodus, T. Lukas, T. Jürgenson, S. Kallas, M. Rask, S. Kivi, H. Kranich, T. Asmer, T.-H. Ilves, E. Nestor, M. Pärnoja, I. Padar, K. Saks
On tegu ja nägu / Ralf Lõoke ; interv. Karin Paulus
Lõoke, Ralf, 1978-
2008-01-01
Tartu Kesklinna kool valmis 1912. aastal arhitekt Arved Eichhorni projekti järgi. 1965. aastal valmis Udo Tiirmaa projekti järgi juurdeehitis. 2007. aastal avati kooli laiendus, autoriteks arhitektuuribüroo Salto arhitektid Maarja Kask, Karli Luik ja Ralf Lõoke
On tegu ja nägu / Ralf Lõoke ; interv. Karin Paulus
Lõoke, Ralf, 1978-
2008-01-01
Tartu Kesklinna kool valmis 1912. aastal arhitekt Arved Eichhorni projekti järgi. 1965. aastal valmis Udo Tiirmaa projekti järgi juurdeehitis. 2007. aastal avati kooli laiendus, autoriteks arhitektuuribüroo Salto arhitektid Maarja Kask, Karli Luik ja Ralf Lõoke
Interval methods: An introduction
DEFF Research Database (Denmark)
Achenie, L.E.K.; Kreinovich, V.; Madsen, Kaj
2006-01-01
This chapter contains selected papers presented at the Minisymposium on Interval Methods of the PARA'04 Workshop '' State-of-the-Art in Scientific Computing ''. The emphasis of the workshop was on high-performance computing (HPC). The ongoing development of ever more advanced computers provides....... An important characteristic of the computer performance in scientific computing is the accuracy of the Computation results. Often, we can estimate this accuracy by using traditional statistical techniques. However, in many practical situations, we do not know the probability distributions of different...... '' techniques, and the applications of these techniques to various problems of scientific computing....
Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)
Angelo Montanari
2014-08-01
Full Text Available We introduce the synthesis problem for Halpern and Shoham's modal logic of intervals extended with an equivalence relation over time points, abbreviated HSeq. In analogy to the case of monadic second-order logic of one successor, the considered synthesis problem receives as input an HSeq formula phi and a finite set Sigma of propositional variables and temporal requests, and it establishes whether or not, for all possible evaluations of elements in Sigma in every interval structure, there exists an evaluation of the remaining propositional variables and temporal requests such that the resulting structure is a model for phi. We focus our attention on decidability of the synthesis problem for some meaningful fragments of HSeq, whose modalities are drawn from the set A (meets, Abar (met by, B (begins, Bbar (begun by, interpreted over finite linear orders and natural numbers. We prove that the fragment ABBbareq is decidable (non-primitive recursive hard, while the fragment AAbarBBbar turns out to be undecidable. In addition, we show that even the synthesis problem for ABBbar becomes undecidable if we replace finite linear orders by natural numbers.
Interval probabilistic neural network.
Kowalski, Piotr A; Kulczycki, Piotr
2017-01-01
Automated classification systems have allowed for the rapid development of exploratory data analysis. Such systems increase the independence of human intervention in obtaining the analysis results, especially when inaccurate information is under consideration. The aim of this paper is to present a novel approach, a neural networking, for use in classifying interval information. As presented, neural methodology is a generalization of probabilistic neural network for interval data processing. The simple structure of this neural classification algorithm makes it applicable for research purposes. The procedure is based on the Bayes approach, ensuring minimal potential losses with regard to that which comes about through classification errors. In this article, the topological structure of the network and the learning process are described in detail. Of note, the correctness of the procedure proposed here has been verified by way of numerical tests. These tests include examples of both synthetic data, as well as benchmark instances. The results of numerical verification, carried out for different shapes of data sets, as well as a comparative analysis with other methods of similar conditioning, have validated both the concept presented here and its positive features.
Ruette, Sylvie
2017-01-01
The aim of this book is to survey the relations between the various kinds of chaos and related notions for continuous interval maps from a topological point of view. The papers on this topic are numerous and widely scattered in the literature; some of them are little known, difficult to find, or originally published in Russian, Ukrainian, or Chinese. Dynamical systems given by the iteration of a continuous map on an interval have been broadly studied because they are simple but nevertheless exhibit complex behaviors. They also allow numerical simulations, which enabled the discovery of some chaotic phenomena. Moreover, the "most interesting" part of some higher-dimensional systems can be of lower dimension, which allows, in some cases, boiling it down to systems in dimension one. Some of the more recent developments such as distributional chaos, the relation between entropy and Li-Yorke chaos, sequence entropy, and maps with infinitely many branches are presented in book form for the first time. The author gi...
Interval arithmetic operations for uncertainty analysis with correlated interval variables
Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)
Chao Jiang; Chun-Ming Fu; Bing-Yu Ni; Xu Han
2016-01-01
A new interval arithmetic method is proposed to solve interval functions with correlated intervals through which the overestimation problem existing in interval analy-sis could be significantly alleviated. The correlation between interval parameters is defined by the multidimensional par-allelepiped model which is convenient to describe the correlative and independent interval variables in a unified framework. The original interval variables with correlation are transformed into the standard space without correlation, and then the relationship between the original variables and the standard interval variables is obtained. The expressions of four basic interval arithmetic operations, namely addi-tion, subtraction, multiplication, and division, are given in the standard space. Finally, several numerical examples and a two-step bar are used to demonstrate the effectiveness of the proposed method.
INTERVAL ARITHMETIC AND STATIC INTERVAL FINITE ELEMENT METHOD
Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)
郭书祥; 吕震宙
2001-01-01
When the uncertainties of structures may be bounded in intervals, through some suitable discretization, interval finite element method can be constructed by combining the interval analysis with the traditional finite element method(FEM). The two parameters,median and deviation, were used to represent the uncertainties of interval variables. Based on the arithmetic rules of intervals, some properties and arithmetic rules of interval variables were demonstrated. Combining the procedure of interval analysis with FEM, a static linear interval finite element method was presented to solve the non-random uncertain structures. The solving of the characteristic parameters of n-freedom uncertain displacement field of the static governing equation was transformed into 2 n-order linear equations. It is shown by a numerical example that the proposed method is practical and effective.
Valge mehe koorem / Riina Kaljurand
Kaljurand, Riina, 1975-
2007-01-01
Maailmapanga majandusanalüütiku arenguriikide abiprogrammide ja arenguabi poliitika analüüs William Easterly raamatus The White Man's Burden: Why the West's Efforts to Aid the Rest Have Done So Much Ill and So Little Good. - Penguin Press, 2006
Valge mehe koorem / Riina Kaljurand
Kaljurand, Riina, 1975-
2007-01-01
Maailmapanga majandusanalüütiku arenguriikide abiprogrammide ja arenguabi poliitika analüüs William Easterly raamatus The White Man's Burden: Why the West's Efforts to Aid the Rest Have Done So Much Ill and So Little Good. - Penguin Press, 2006
Minimax confidence intervals in geomagnetism
Stark, Philip B.
1992-01-01
The present paper uses theory of Donoho (1989) to find lower bounds on the lengths of optimally short fixed-length confidence intervals (minimax confidence intervals) for Gauss coefficients of the field of degree 1-12 using the heat flow constraint. The bounds on optimal minimax intervals are about 40 percent shorter than Backus' intervals: no procedure for producing fixed-length confidence intervals, linear or nonlinear, can give intervals shorter than about 60 percent the length of Backus' in this problem. While both methods rigorously account for the fact that core field models are infinite-dimensional, the application of the techniques to the geomagnetic problem involves approximations and counterfactual assumptions about the data errors, and so these results are likely to be extremely optimistic estimates of the actual uncertainty in Gauss coefficients.
Reference Intervals in Neonatal Hematology.
Henry, Erick; Christensen, Robert D
2015-09-01
The various blood cell counts of neonates must be interpreted in accordance with high-quality reference intervals based on gestational and postnatal age. Using very large sample sizes, we generated neonatal reference intervals for each element of the complete blood count (CBC). Knowledge of whether a patient has CBC values that are too high (above the upper reference interval) or too low (below the lower reference interval) provides important insights into the specific disorder involved and in many instances suggests a treatment plan. Copyright © 2015 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.
Automatic Error Analysis Using Intervals
Rothwell, E. J.; Cloud, M. J.
2012-01-01
A technique for automatic error analysis using interval mathematics is introduced. A comparison to standard error propagation methods shows that in cases involving complicated formulas, the interval approach gives comparable error estimates with much less effort. Several examples are considered, and numerical errors are computed using the INTLAB…
Explorations in Statistics: Confidence Intervals
Curran-Everett, Douglas
2009-01-01
Learning about statistics is a lot like learning about science: the learning is more meaningful if you can actively explore. This third installment of "Explorations in Statistics" investigates confidence intervals. A confidence interval is a range that we expect, with some level of confidence, to include the true value of a population parameter…
Circular Interval Arithmetic Applied on LDMT for Linear Interval System
Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)
Stephen Ehidiamhen Uwamusi
2014-07-01
Full Text Available The paper considers the LDMT Factorization of a general nxn matrix arising from system of interval linear equations. We paid special emphasis on Interval Cholesky Factorization. The basic computational tool used is the square root method of circular interval arithmetic in a sense analogous to Gargantini and Henrici as well as the generalized square root method due to Petkovic which enables the construction of the square root of the resulting diagonal matrix. We also made use of Rump’s method for multiplying two intervals expressed in the form of midpoint-radius respectively. Numerical example of matrix factorization in this regard is given which forms the basis of discussion. It is shown that LDMT even though is a numerically stable method for any diagonally dominant matrix it also can lead to excess width of the solution set. It is also pointed out that in spite of the above mentioned objection to interval LDMT it has in addition , the advantage that in the presence of several solution sets sharing the same interval matrix the LDMT Factorization requires to be computed only once which helps in saving substantial computational time. This may be found applicable in the development of military hard ware which requires shooting at a single point but produces multiple broadcast at all other points
Haemostatic reference intervals in pregnancy
DEFF Research Database (Denmark)
Szecsi, Pal Bela; Jørgensen, Maja; Klajnbard, Anna;
2010-01-01
Haemostatic reference intervals are generally based on samples from non-pregnant women. Thus, they may not be relevant to pregnant women, a problem that may hinder accurate diagnosis and treatment of haemostatic disorders during pregnancy. In this study, we establish gestational age......-specific reference intervals for coagulation tests during normal pregnancy. Eight hundred one women with expected normal pregnancies were included in the study. Of these women, 391 had no complications during pregnancy, vaginal delivery, or postpartum period. Plasma samples were obtained at gestational weeks 13......-20, 21-28, 29-34, 35-42, at active labor, and on postpartum days 1 and 2. Reference intervals for each gestational period using only the uncomplicated pregnancies were calculated in all 391 women for activated partial thromboplastin time (aPTT), fibrinogen, fibrin D-dimer, antithrombin, free protein S...
Almost primes in short intervals
Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)
无
2010-01-01
In this paper,we prove that the short interval(x-x101/232,x] contains at least an almost prime P2 for sufficiently large x,where P2 denotes an integer having at most two prime factors counted with multiplicity.
Haemostatic reference intervals in pregnancy
DEFF Research Database (Denmark)
Szecsi, Pal Bela; Jørgensen, Maja; Klajnbard, Anna
2010-01-01
Haemostatic reference intervals are generally based on samples from non-pregnant women. Thus, they may not be relevant to pregnant women, a problem that may hinder accurate diagnosis and treatment of haemostatic disorders during pregnancy. In this study, we establish gestational age-specific refe......Haemostatic reference intervals are generally based on samples from non-pregnant women. Thus, they may not be relevant to pregnant women, a problem that may hinder accurate diagnosis and treatment of haemostatic disorders during pregnancy. In this study, we establish gestational age......-specific reference intervals for coagulation tests during normal pregnancy. Eight hundred one women with expected normal pregnancies were included in the study. Of these women, 391 had no complications during pregnancy, vaginal delivery, or postpartum period. Plasma samples were obtained at gestational weeks 13......-20, 21-28, 29-34, 35-42, at active labor, and on postpartum days 1 and 2. Reference intervals for each gestational period using only the uncomplicated pregnancies were calculated in all 391 women for activated partial thromboplastin time (aPTT), fibrinogen, fibrin D-dimer, antithrombin, free protein S...
Robust misinterpretation of confidence intervals
Hoekstra, Rink; Morey, Richard; Rouder, Jeffrey N.; Wagenmakers, Eric-Jan
2014-01-01
Null hypothesis significance testing (NHST) is undoubtedly the most common inferential technique used to justify claims in the social sciences. However, even staunch defenders of NHST agree that its outcomes are often misinterpreted. Confidence intervals (CIs) have frequently been proposed as a more
Robust misinterpretation of confidence intervals
Hoekstra, R.; Morey, R.D.; Rouder, J.N.; Wagenmakers, E.-J.
2014-01-01
Null hypothesis significance testing (NHST) is undoubtedly the most common inferential technique used to justify claims in the social sciences. However, even staunch defenders of NHST agree that its outcomes are often misinterpreted. Confidence intervals (CIs) have frequently been proposed as a more
BIRTH INTERVAL AMONG NOMAD WOMEN
Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)
E.Keyvan
1976-06-01
Full Text Available To have an, idea about the relation between the length of birth interval and lactation, and birth control program this study have been done. The material for such analysis was nomad women's fertility history that was in their reproductive period (15-44. The material itself was gathered through a health survey. The main sample was composed of 2,165 qualified women, of whom 49 due to previous or presently using contraceptive methods and 10 for the lack of enough data were excluded from 'this study. Purpose of analysis was to find a relation between No. of live births and pregnancies with total duration of married life (in other word, total months which the women were at risk of pregnancy. 2,106 women which their fertility history was analyzed had a totally of272, 502 months married life. During this time 8,520 live births did occurred which gave a birth interval of 32 months. As pregnancy termination could be through either live birth, still birth or abortion (induced or spontaneous, bringing all together will give No. of pregnancies which have occurred during this period (8,520 + 124 + 328 = 8,972 with an average of interpregnancy interval of 30.3 months. Considering the length of components of birth interval: Post partum amenorrhea which depends upon lactation. - Anovulatory cycles (2 month - Ooulatory exposure, in the absence of contraceptive methods (5 months - Pregnancy (9 months.Difference between the length, of birth interval from the sum of the mentioned period (except the first component, (2 + 5+ 9 = 16 will be duration of post partum amenorrhea (32 - 16 = 16, or in other word duration of breast feeding among nomad women. In this study it was found that, in order to reduce birth by 50% a contraceptive method with 87% effectiveness is needed.
Departure from Washington / Jüri Luik
Luik, Jüri, 1966-
2008-01-01
Ülevaade Eesti-USA suhetest ja rahvusvahelisest olukorrast aastatel 2003-2007. Artikli autor oli aastatel 2003-2007 Eesti Vabariigi suursaadik Ameerika Ühendriikides. Juttu on ka president Toomas Hendrik Ilvese visiidist Valgesse Majja ja kohtumisest USA presidendi George W. Bushiga 2007. a. juunis
Rahvas ja tema juhid : [essee] / Viivi Luik
Luik, Viivi, 1946-
1997-01-01
Vastukaja : Langemets, Andres. Egoismi suurmanifest. // Eesti Ekspress (1997) 24. okt., lk. B2; Kaalep, Tõnu. Rahvusluse viimased ohked. // Eesti Ekspress (1997) 31. okt., lk. B7; Unt, Mati. Rahulolematus on loomulik. // Postimees : Extra (1997) 1. nov. 1997, lk. 3; Berg, Maimu. Edu teile! // Eesti Ekspress (1997) 7. nov., lk. B7; Hellerma, Kärt. Uue ja vana kokkupõrge. // Postimees (1997) 14, nov., lk. 15; Paul, Toomas. Jumalate metamorfoos. // Keel ja Kirjandus (1997) nr. 12, lk. 841-844
Olemise luuleline kehtestamine: Viivi Luik / Arne Merilai
Merilai, Arne, 1961-
2011-01-01
Olemise sõnastamisest kirjanduse poolt, ka kõnetegude teooriast Viivi Luige loomingu näitel. Sisaldab lõike Viivi Luige esseest "Kõne koolimaja haual" (ilm. "Kõne koolimaja haual : artiklid ja esseed 1998-2006" / toimetanud Asta Põldmäe. Tallinn : Tuum, 2006) ning Kalev Kesküla artiklist "Tema juhatas inglid sisse" (ilm. Vikerkaar, nr. 10, 1996, lk. 79-86)
Departure from Washington / Jüri Luik
Luik, Jüri, 1966-
2008-01-01
Ülevaade Eesti-USA suhetest ja rahvusvahelisest olukorrast aastatel 2003-2007. Artikli autor oli aastatel 2003-2007 Eesti Vabariigi suursaadik Ameerika Ühendriikides. Juttu on ka president Toomas Hendrik Ilvese visiidist Valgesse Majja ja kohtumisest USA presidendi George W. Bushiga 2007. a. juunis
Ai kui vahva idabisnis! / Hans H. Luik
Luik, Hans H., 1961-
2006-01-01
Ilmunud ka: Infopress 25. aug. nr. 34 lk. 155. Seoses Pakterminali käibelanguse põhjuste ja väiksemate Vene-suunaliste ebaõnnestumistega meenutab autor sõjaeelse Eesti Vabariigi äri bolshevike röövitud Tsaari-Venemaa kullaga
Ai kui vahva idabisnis! / Hans H. Luik
Luik, Hans H., 1961-
2006-01-01
Ilmunud ka: Infopress 25. aug. nr. 34 lk. 155. Seoses Pakterminali käibelanguse põhjuste ja väiksemate Vene-suunaliste ebaõnnestumistega meenutab autor sõjaeelse Eesti Vabariigi äri bolshevike röövitud Tsaari-Venemaa kullaga
Olemise luuleline kehtestamine: Viivi Luik / Arne Merilai
Merilai, Arne, 1961-
2011-01-01
Olemise sõnastamisest kirjanduse poolt, ka kõnetegude teooriast Viivi Luige loomingu näitel. Sisaldab lõike Viivi Luige esseest "Kõne koolimaja haual" (ilm. "Kõne koolimaja haual : artiklid ja esseed 1998-2006" / toimetanud Asta Põldmäe. Tallinn : Tuum, 2006) ning Kalev Kesküla artiklist "Tema juhatas inglid sisse" (ilm. Vikerkaar, nr. 10, 1996, lk. 79-86)
Interval Valued Neutrosophic Soft Topological Spaces
Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)
Anjan Mukherjee
2014-12-01
Full Text Available In this paper we introduce the concept of interval valued neutrosophic soft topological space together with interval valued neutrosophic soft finer and interval valued neutrosophic soft coarser topology. We also define interval valued neutrosophic interior and closer of an interval valued neutrosophic soft set. Some theorems and examples are cites. Interval valued neutrosophic soft subspace topology are studied. Some examples and theorems regarding this concept are presented.
Statistical intervals a guide for practitioners
Hahn, Gerald J
2011-01-01
Presents a detailed exposition of statistical intervals and emphasizes applications in industry. The discussion differentiates at an elementary level among different kinds of statistical intervals and gives instruction with numerous examples and simple math on how to construct such intervals from sample data. This includes confidence intervals to contain a population percentile, confidence intervals on probability of meeting specified threshold value, and prediction intervals to include observation in a future sample. Also has an appendix containing computer subroutines for nonparametric stati
Variational collocation on finite intervals
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Amore, Paolo [Facultad de Ciencias, Universidad de Colima, Bernal DIaz del Castillo 340, Colima, Colima (Mexico); Cervantes, Mayra [Facultad de Ciencias, Universidad de Colima, Bernal DIaz del Castillo 340, Colima, Colima (Mexico); Fernandez, Francisco M [INIFTA (Conicet, UNLP), Diag. 113 y 64 S/N, Sucursal 4, Casilla de Correo 16, 1900 La Plata (Argentina)
2007-10-26
In this paper, we study a set of functions, defined on an interval of finite width, which are orthogonal and which reduce to the sinc functions when the appropriate limit is taken. We show that these functions can be used within a variational approach to obtain accurate results for a variety of problems. We have applied them to the interpolation of functions on finite domains and to the solution of the Schroedinger equation, and we have compared the performance of the present approach with others.
Dijets at large rapidity intervals
Pope, B G
2001-01-01
Inclusive diet production at large pseudorapidity intervals ( Delta eta ) between the two jets has been suggested as a regime for observing BFKL dynamics. We have measured the dijet cross section for large Delta eta in pp collisions at square root s = 1800 and 630 GeV using the DOE detector. The partonic cross section increases strongly with the size of Delta eta . The observed growth is even stronger than expected on the basis of BFKL resummation in the leading logarithmic approximation. The growth of the partonic cross section can be accommodated with an effective BFKL intercept of alpha /sub BFKL/(20 GeV) = 1.65 +or- 0.07.
Some Characterizations of Convex Interval Games
Brânzei, R.; Tijs, S.H.; Alparslan-Gok, S.Z.
2008-01-01
This paper focuses on new characterizations of convex interval games using the notions of exactness and superadditivity. We also relate big boss interval games with concave interval games and obtain characterizations of big boss interval games in terms of exactness and subadditivity.
Some Characterizations of Convex Interval Games
Brânzei, R.; Tijs, S.H.; Alparslan-Gok, S.Z.
2008-01-01
This paper focuses on new characterizations of convex interval games using the notions of exactness and superadditivity. We also relate big boss interval games with concave interval games and obtain characterizations of big boss interval games in terms of exactness and subadditivity.
STABILITY FOR SEVERAL TYPES OF INTERVAL MATRICES
Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)
NianXiaohong; GaoJintai
1999-01-01
The robust stability for some types of tlme-varying interval raatrices and nonlineartime-varying interval matrices is considered and some sufficient conditions for robust stability of such interval matrices are given, The main results of this paper are only related to the verticesset of a interval matrices, and therefore, can be easily applied to test robust stability of interval matrices. Finally, some examples are given to illustrate the results.
Interval Arithmetic for Nonlinear Problem Solving
2013-01-01
Implementation of interval arithmetic in complex problems has been hampered by the tedious programming exercise needed to develop a particular implementation. In order to improve productivity, the use of interval mathematics is demonstrated using the computing platform INTLAB that allows for the development of interval-arithmetic-based programs more efficiently than with previous interval-arithmetic libraries. An interval-Newton Generalized-Bisection (IN/GB) method is developed in this platfo...
Direct Interval Forecasting of Wind Power
DEFF Research Database (Denmark)
Wan, Can; Xu, Zhao; Pinson, Pierre
2013-01-01
This letter proposes a novel approach to directly formulate the prediction intervals of wind power generation based on extreme learning machine and particle swarm optimization, where prediction intervals are generated through direct optimization of both the coverage probability and sharpness...
Robust misinterpretation of confidence intervals.
Hoekstra, Rink; Morey, Richard D; Rouder, Jeffrey N; Wagenmakers, Eric-Jan
2014-10-01
Null hypothesis significance testing (NHST) is undoubtedly the most common inferential technique used to justify claims in the social sciences. However, even staunch defenders of NHST agree that its outcomes are often misinterpreted. Confidence intervals (CIs) have frequently been proposed as a more useful alternative to NHST, and their use is strongly encouraged in the APA Manual. Nevertheless, little is known about how researchers interpret CIs. In this study, 120 researchers and 442 students-all in the field of psychology-were asked to assess the truth value of six particular statements involving different interpretations of a CI. Although all six statements were false, both researchers and students endorsed, on average, more than three statements, indicating a gross misunderstanding of CIs. Self-declared experience with statistics was not related to researchers' performance, and, even more surprisingly, researchers hardly outperformed the students, even though the students had not received any education on statistical inference whatsoever. Our findings suggest that many researchers do not know the correct interpretation of a CI. The misunderstandings surrounding p-values and CIs are particularly unfortunate because they constitute the main tools by which psychologists draw conclusions from data.
Scaling of light and dark time intervals.
Marinova, J
1978-01-01
Scaling of light and dark time intervals of 0.1 to 1.1 s is performed by the mehtod of magnitude estimation with respect to a given standard. The standards differ in duration and type (light and dark). The light intervals are subjectively estimated as longer than the dark ones. The relation between the mean interval estimations and their magnitude is linear for both light and dark intervals.
Generalised Interval-Valued Fuzzy Soft Set
Shawkat Alkhazaleh; Abdul Razak Salleh
2012-01-01
We introduce the concept of generalised interval-valued fuzzy soft set and its operations and study some of their properties. We give applications of this theory in solving a decision making problem. We also introduce a similarity measure of two generalised interval-valued fuzzy soft sets and discuss its application in a medical diagnosis problem: fuzzy set; soft set; fuzzy soft set; generalised fuzzy soft set; generalised interval-valued fuzzy soft set; interval-valued fuzz...
The Fuzzy Set by Fuzzy Interval
Dr.Pranita Goswami
2011-01-01
Fuzzy set by Fuzzy interval is atriangular fuzzy number lying between the two specified limits. The limits to be not greater than 2 and less than -2 by fuzzy interval have been discussed in this paper. Through fuzzy interval we arrived at exactness which is a fuzzymeasure and fuzzy integral
The Fundamental Theorems of Interval Analysis
van Emden, M. H.; Moa, B.
2007-01-01
Expressions are not functions. Confusing the two concepts or failing to define the function that is computed by an expression weakens the rigour of interval arithmetic. We give such a definition and continue with the required re-statements and proofs of the fundamental theorems of interval arithmetic and interval analysis. Revision Feb. 10, 2009: added reference to and acknowledgement of P. Taylor.
An Adequate First Order Logic of Intervals
DEFF Research Database (Denmark)
Chaochen, Zhou; Hansen, Michael Reichhardt
1998-01-01
This paper introduces left and right neighbourhoods as primitive interval modalities to define other unary and binary modalities of intervals in a first order logic with interval length. A complete first order logic for the neighbourhood modalities is presented. It is demonstrated how the logic c...
Consistency and Refinement for Interval Markov Chains
DEFF Research Database (Denmark)
Delahaye, Benoit; Larsen, Kim Guldstrand; Legay, Axel;
2012-01-01
Interval Markov Chains (IMC), or Markov Chains with probability intervals in the transition matrix, are the base of a classic specification theory for probabilistic systems [18]. The standard semantics of IMCs assigns to a specification the set of all Markov Chains that satisfy its interval...
Intervals in evolutionary algorithms for global optimization
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Patil, R.B.
1995-05-01
Optimization is of central concern to a number of disciplines. Interval Arithmetic methods for global optimization provide us with (guaranteed) verified results. These methods are mainly restricted to the classes of objective functions that are twice differentiable and use a simple strategy of eliminating a splitting larger regions of search space in the global optimization process. An efficient approach that combines the efficient strategy from Interval Global Optimization Methods and robustness of the Evolutionary Algorithms is proposed. In the proposed approach, search begins with randomly created interval vectors with interval widths equal to the whole domain. Before the beginning of the evolutionary process, fitness of these interval parameter vectors is defined by evaluating the objective function at the center of the initial interval vectors. In the subsequent evolutionary process the local optimization process returns an estimate of the bounds of the objective function over the interval vectors. Though these bounds may not be correct at the beginning due to large interval widths and complicated function properties, the process of reducing interval widths over time and a selection approach similar to simulated annealing helps in estimating reasonably correct bounds as the population evolves. The interval parameter vectors at these estimated bounds (local optima) are then subjected to crossover and mutation operators. This evolutionary process continues for predetermined number of generations in the search of the global optimum.
Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)
Anjan Mukherjee
2016-08-01
Full Text Available In this paper we introduce the concept of restricted interval valued neutrosophic sets (RIVNS in short. Some basic operations and properties of RIVNS are discussed. The concept of restricted interval valued neutrosophic topology is also introduced together with restricted interval valued neutrosophic finer and restricted interval valued neutrosophic coarser topology. We also define restricted interval valued neutrosophic interior and closer of a restricted interval valued neutrosophic set. Some theorems and examples are cites. Restricted interval valued neutrosophic subspace topology is also studied.
[The QT interval: standardization, limits and interpretation].
Ouali, S; Ben Salem, H; Gribaa, R; Kacem, S; Hammas, S; Fradi, S; Neffeti, E; Remedi, F; Boughzela, E
2012-02-01
Despite clinical importance of ventricular repolarisation, it remains difficult to analyse. Conventionally, quantification of the electrocardiographic ventricular repolarization is usually performed with reference to axis of the T wave and QT interval duration. A variety of factors can prolong the QT interval, such as drug effects, electrolyte imbalances, and myocardial ischemia. The biggest risk with prolongation of the QT interval is the development of torsades de pointes. Commonly accepted reference ranges for the electrocardiogram (ECG) have been in use, with little change, for many years. Populations throughout the world present several differences: age, ethnic compositions, and are exposed to different environmental factors. Recent studies have reported reference data for QT interval in healthy population and have evaluated the influence of age, gender, QRS duration and heart rate on this interval. In this review, we address several issues relative to the measurement, and interpretation of QT interval and its adjustment for rate, age, gender and QRS duration.
Normal range of Atlanta-dental interval
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Kim, Y. L.; Lee, S. C.; Lee, K. H.; Sung, J. H.; Joo, K. B.; Lee, S. R.; Hahm, C. K. [Hanyang University School of Medicine, Seoul (Korea, Republic of)
1986-08-15
The roentgenologic diagnosis of lateral subluxation of the atlanto-axial joint is very difficult because the only presentation is increase of the atlanto-dental interval. This study was carried out with 70 volunteers for normal value of atlanto-dental interval. We measured these intervals from lateral roentgenograms of cervical spine in neutral, flexion, and extension position of the neck. The results were as follows: 1. The mean value of atlanto-dental interval in all subjects was 1.54+-0.52mm in neutral, 1.59+-0.62mm in flexion, and 1.46+-0.48mm in extension position. 2. After thirty years of age the atlanto-dental interval was getting narrower according to aging. 3. In neutral and flexion positions there is no difference in atlanto-dental intervals, but in extension position it was significantly narrowed.
Design of optimized Interval Arithmetic Multiplier
Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)
Rajashekar B.Shettar
2011-07-01
Full Text Available Many DSP and Control applications that require the user to know how various numericalerrors(uncertainty affect the result. This uncertainty is eliminated by replacing non-interval values withintervals. Since most DSPs operate in real time environments, fast processors are required to implementinterval arithmetic. The goal is to develop a platform in which Interval Arithmetic operations areperformed at the same computational speed as present day signal processors. So we have proposed thedesign and implementation of Interval Arithmetic multiplier, which operates with IEEE 754 numbers. Theproposed unit consists of a floating point CSD multiplier, Interval operation selector. This architectureimplements an algorithm which is faster than conventional algorithm of Interval multiplier . The costoverhead of the proposed unit is 30% with respect to a conventional floating point multiplier. Theperformance of proposed architecture is better than that of a conventional CSD floating-point multiplier,as it can perform both interval multiplication and floating-point multiplication as well as Intervalcomparisons
Capacitated max -Batching with Interval Graph Compatibilities
Nonner, Tim
We consider the problem of partitioning interval graphs into cliques of bounded size. Each interval has a weight, and the weight of a clique is the maximum weight of any interval in the clique. This natural graph problem can be interpreted as a batch scheduling problem. Solving a long-standing open problem, we show NP-hardness, even if the bound on the clique sizes is constant. Moreover, we give a PTAS based on a novel dynamic programming technique for this case.
Increasing the Confidence in Student's $t$ Interval
Goutis, Constantinos; Casella, George
1992-01-01
The usual confidence interval, based on Student's $t$ distribution, has conditional confidence that is larger than the nominal confidence level. Although this fact is known, along with the fact that increased conditional confidence can be used to improve a confidence assertion, the confidence assertion of Student's $t$ interval has never been critically examined. We do so here, and construct a confidence estimator that allows uniformly higher confidence in the interval and is closer (than $1 ...
Increasing the Confidence in Student's $t$ Interval
Goutis, Constantinos; Casella, George
1992-01-01
The usual confidence interval, based on Student's $t$ distribution, has conditional confidence that is larger than the nominal confidence level. Although this fact is known, along with the fact that increased conditional confidence can be used to improve a confidence assertion, the confidence assertion of Student's $t$ interval has never been critically examined. We do so here, and construct a confidence estimator that allows uniformly higher confidence in the interval and is closer (than $1 ...
Pärlid juveelide kuningannad / Riina Robinson
Robinson, Riina
2008-01-01
Pärlite erinevatest kasutusviisidest. Pärlite kandmise ajaloost. Kuulsad pärlid: Pearl of Allah, La Peregrina, La Pellegrina, La Perle Napoleon. Kunstpärlite tootmisest. Pärlite kasvatamisest Jaapanis
Tuulelapsed loevad Tungalt / Riina Mägi
Mägi, Riina, 1957-
2008-01-01
Jõgeva Gümnaasiumis toimuvatest Betti Alverile pühendatud luulepäevadest Tuulelapsed, kus loetakse Leelo Tungla luulet. Korraldaja: Lianne Saage-Vahur. Žüriisse kuuluvad: Kersti Kreismann, Leelo Tungal, Toomas Lõhmuste ja Kalle Piiskoppel.
Punane Veski ja plakatikunsti algus / Riina Robinson
Robinson, Riina
2007-01-01
Prantsuse plakatikunsti loojast Jules Cheret'st, ühest silmapaistvamast plakati- ja maalikunstnikust Henri Toulouse-Lautrecist, tema plakatite kangelannadest, kankaani tantsinud Louise Weberist ja Jane Avrilist ning Moulin Rouge'ist
Nende kevad. Viljandi diplomikevad / Riina Oruaas
Oruaas, Riina
2005-01-01
Viljandi Kultuuriakadeemiat lõpetavatest V lennu näitlejatest ja nende diplomilavastustest "Tramm nimega "Iha"" (lav. üliõpilane Helen Rekkor), "Macbeth" (lav. P. Raudsepp), "Metspart" (lav. I. Vihmar) ja "Kuus tegelast autorit otsimas" (lav. K. Aaslav-Tepandi)
Edinburghi festival kui kogemus / Riina Oruaas
Oruaas, Riina
2008-01-01
Edinburghis toimuvast rahvusvahelisest teatri- ehk etenduskunstide festivalist Fringe 2008 (8. - 31. VIII 2008). Pikemalt mõningatest tantsu- ja sõnalavastusest ning teatrikriitikute tööst seoses festivaliga
CSCE/OSCE ja meie / Riina Kionka
Kionka, Riina, 1960-
2005-01-01
Euroopa Liidu Nõukogu peasekretariaadi transatlantiliste suhete juht analüüsib CSCE/OSCE rolli Balti riikide lähiajaloos. Helsingi ja Pariisi tippkohtumised. Lisa: Fakte OSCE kohta: üldine; struktuur; ajalugu
Moemärke Hispaaniast / Riina Robinson
Robinson, Riina
2008-01-01
Kuulsad Hispaania moekunstnikud Paco Rabanne (sünd. 1934), Cristobal Balenciaga, Agatha Ruiz de la Prada (sünd. 1960), Oscar de la Renta (1932), Paloma Picasso (1949). Rõivapoodide ketid Zara, Mango ja El Corte Ingles
Edasi loodusesse! Aga kuhu? / Riina Oruaas
Oruaas, Riina
2007-01-01
Tantsulavastustest: Oksana Titova, Päär Pärenson ja Juhan Ulfsak "Roots", Kaja Kanni sooloetendus "There are Laika dogs living in Estonia", Tiina Mölder, Kaja Kann ja Bush Hartshor "Naine ja Hunt"
Edinburghi festival kui kogemus / Riina Oruaas
Oruaas, Riina
2008-01-01
Edinburghis toimuvast rahvusvahelisest teatri- ehk etenduskunstide festivalist Fringe 2008 (8. - 31. VIII 2008). Pikemalt mõningatest tantsu- ja sõnalavastusest ning teatrikriitikute tööst seoses festivaliga
From yesterday till tomorrow / Riina Reinvelt
Reinvelt, Riina
2005-01-01
Eesti Rahva Muuseumi peamised kogumissuunad 2000-te algul: argielu strateegiad Nõukogude Eestis, eestivenelaste ja vanausuliste subkultuurid Ida-Virumaal ja Peipsi järve piirkonnas, traditsioonilised töövõtted internetis, Karula Rahvuspargi pärandkultuur
Pärlid juveelide kuningannad / Riina Robinson
Robinson, Riina
2008-01-01
Pärlite erinevatest kasutusviisidest. Pärlite kandmise ajaloost. Kuulsad pärlid: Pearl of Allah, La Peregrina, La Pellegrina, La Perle Napoleon. Kunstpärlite tootmisest. Pärlite kasvatamisest Jaapanis
Nende kevad. Viljandi diplomikevad / Riina Oruaas
Oruaas, Riina
2005-01-01
Viljandi Kultuuriakadeemiat lõpetavatest V lennu näitlejatest ja nende diplomilavastustest "Tramm nimega "Iha"" (lav. üliõpilane Helen Rekkor), "Macbeth" (lav. P. Raudsepp), "Metspart" (lav. I. Vihmar) ja "Kuus tegelast autorit otsimas" (lav. K. Aaslav-Tepandi)
Vilistlaste naiskoor Inglismaal / Riina Täht
Täht, Riina
2005-01-01
TTÜ Vilistlaste Naiskoori kontserdist apr. lõpus Stradford-Upon-Avonis Holy Trinity kirikus, kontserdist 7. mail koos TTÜ Akadeemilise Naiskooriga Niguliste kirikus koorijuht Alma Tamme 95. sünniaastapäeva tähistamiseks
Kunstiteod Umbusis / Riina Mägi
Mägi, Riina, 1957-
2005-01-01
Kolmas rahvusvaheline kunstisümpoosion Umbusi külas, millel kunstnikud Eestist, Leedust ja Saksamaalt tutvustavad Umbusist inspireeritud kohaspetsiifilist, kontseptuaalset loomingut. Töödest. Projektijuhid Agnes Domke ja Jaagu Jako
Picasso kõrge hind / Riina Robinson
Robinson, Riina
2007-01-01
Pablo Picassost, tema loomingust, 2003.a Malagas Picasso muuseumi ja kunstniku sünnikodu avamisest, maailma kallemailt müüdud maalide TOP 10-sse kuuluvatest maalidest "Poiss piibuga" (1905) ja "Dora Maar kassiga" (1941), hindadest. Maailma kalleimad oksjonil müüdud maalid: I - Jackson Pollocki "Nr.5, 1948" (hind:140 miljonit dollarit), II - William De Kooningi "Woman III" (1952-53), III - Gustav Klimti "Adele Bloch-Bauer I portree" (1907)
Moemärke Hispaaniast / Riina Robinson
Robinson, Riina
2008-01-01
Kuulsad Hispaania moekunstnikud Paco Rabanne (sünd. 1934), Cristobal Balenciaga, Agatha Ruiz de la Prada (sünd. 1960), Oscar de la Renta (1932), Paloma Picasso (1949). Rõivapoodide ketid Zara, Mango ja El Corte Ingles
Kuressaarest kaks laureaaditiitlit / Riina Mägi
Mägi, Riina, 1957-
2008-01-01
Maakondlikust etlejate konkursist. Žüriisse kuulusid Maret Oomer, Asta Leiten ja Kalle Piiskoppel. 5.-7. klasside arvestuses I koht: Marleen Petersell. Äramärkimist leidsid: Kristian Käresk, Maarja-Liis Mölder ja Anita Tuula. 7.-9. klasside arvestuses I koht: Oliver Taul. Esile tõsteti: Rauno Reinas, Riko Osila, Linda Maisväli ja Piia Puuraid. 10.-12. klasside arvestuses I koht: Karl Sakrits. Ära märgiti: Elin Küti, Virgo Ernits, Maria Orb. Kommenteerisid Asta Leiten, Liann Saage-Vahur. Ka Kuressaares toimunud vabariiklikust etlejate konkursist, kommentaare jagasid Merle Rekaya, Rita Ilves. Zhürisse kuulusid Aare Toikka, Tiina Rebane, Hans Kaldoja, Kristiina Omer ja Keete Viira. Peapreemia nooremas vanuseastmes Markkus Pulgale, keskmises vanuseastmes Anna Talvile ja vanemas vanuseastmes Doris Täkkerile.
Edasi loodusesse! Aga kuhu? / Riina Oruaas
Oruaas, Riina
2007-01-01
Tantsulavastustest: Oksana Titova, Päär Pärenson ja Juhan Ulfsak "Roots", Kaja Kanni sooloetendus "There are Laika dogs living in Estonia", Tiina Mölder, Kaja Kann ja Bush Hartshor "Naine ja Hunt"
Picasso kõrge hind / Riina Robinson
Robinson, Riina
2007-01-01
Pablo Picassost, tema loomingust, 2003.a Malagas Picasso muuseumi ja kunstniku sünnikodu avamisest, maailma kallemailt müüdud maalide TOP 10-sse kuuluvatest maalidest "Poiss piibuga" (1905) ja "Dora Maar kassiga" (1941), hindadest. Maailma kalleimad oksjonil müüdud maalid: I - Jackson Pollocki "Nr.5, 1948" (hind:140 miljonit dollarit), II - William De Kooningi "Woman III" (1952-53), III - Gustav Klimti "Adele Bloch-Bauer I portree" (1907)
An Optimization-Based Approach to Calculate Confidence Interval on Mean Value with Interval Data
Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)
Kais Zaman
2014-01-01
Full Text Available In this paper, we propose a methodology for construction of confidence interval on mean values with interval data for input variable in uncertainty analysis and design optimization problems. The construction of confidence interval with interval data is known as a combinatorial optimization problem. Finding confidence bounds on the mean with interval data has been generally considered an NP hard problem, because it includes a search among the combinations of multiple values of the variables, including interval endpoints. In this paper, we present efficient algorithms based on continuous optimization to find the confidence interval on mean values with interval data. With numerical experimentation, we show that the proposed confidence bound algorithms are scalable in polynomial time with respect to increasing number of intervals. Several sets of interval data with different numbers of intervals and type of overlap are presented to demonstrate the proposed methods. As against the current practice for the design optimization with interval data that typically implements the constraints on interval variables through the computation of bounds on mean values from the sampled data, the proposed approach of construction of confidence interval enables more complete implementation of design optimization under interval uncertainty.
Confidence intervals for the MMPI-2.
Munley, P H
1991-08-01
The confidence intervals for the Minnesota Multiphasic Personality Inventory (MMPI-2) clinical scales were investigated. Based on the clinical scale reliabilities published in the MMPI-2 manual, estimated true scores, standard errors of measurement for estimated true scores, and 95% confidence intervals centered around estimated true scores were calculated at 5-point MMPI-2 T-score intervals. The relationships between obtained T-scores, estimated true T-scores, scale reliabilities, and confidence intervals are discussed. The possible role of error measurement in defining scale high point and code types is noted.
A note on the path interval distance.
Coons, Jane Ivy; Rusinko, Joseph
2016-06-01
The path interval distance accounts for global congruence between locally incongruent trees. We show that the path interval distance provides a lower bound for the nearest neighbor interchange distance. In contrast to the Robinson-Foulds distance, random pairs of trees are unlikely to be maximally distant from one another under the path interval distance. These features indicate that the path interval distance should play a role in phylogenomics where the comparison of trees on a fixed set of taxa is becoming increasingly important.
Spectral Statistics of RR Intervals in ECG
Martinis, M; Knezevic, A; Crnugelj, J
2003-01-01
The statistical properties (fluctuations) of heartbeat intervals (RR intervals) in ECG are studied and compared with the predictions of Random Matrix Theory (RMT). It is found that heartbeat intervals only locally exhibit the fluctuation patterns (universality) predicted by the RMT. This finding shows that heartbeat dynamics is of the mixed type where regular and irregular (chaotic) regimes coexist and the Berry-Robnik theory can be applied. It is also observed that the distribution of heartbeat intervals is well described by the one-parameter Brody distribution. The parameter $\\beta $ of the Brody distribution is seen to be connected with the dynamical state of the heart.
Confidence Intervals from One One Observation
Rodriguez, Carlos C
2008-01-01
Robert Machol's surprising result, that from a single observation it is possible to have finite length confidence intervals for the parameters of location-scale models, is re-produced and extended. Two previously unpublished modifications are included. First, Herbert Robbins nonparametric confidence interval is obtained. Second, I introduce a technique for obtaining confidence intervals for the scale parameter of finite length in the logarithmic metric. Keywords: Theory/Foundations , Estimation, Prior Distributions, Non-parametrics & Semi-parametrics Geometry of Inference, Confidence Intervals, Location-Scale models
QT-Interval Duration and Mortality Rate
Zhang, Yiyi; Post, Wendy S.; Dalal, Darshan; Blasco-Colmenares, Elena; Tomaselli, Gordon F.; Guallar, Eliseo
2012-01-01
Background Extreme prolongation or reduction of the QT interval predisposes patients to malignant ventricular arrhythmias and sudden cardiac death, but the association of variations in the QT interval within a reference range with mortality end points in the general population is unclear. Methods We included 7828 men and women from the Third National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey. Baseline QT interval was measured via standard 12-lead electrocardiographic readings. Mortality end points were assessed through December 31, 2006 (2291 deaths). Results After an average follow-up of 13.7 years, the association between QT interval and mortality end points was U-shaped. The multivariate-adjusted hazard ratios comparing participants at or above the 95th percentile of age-, sex-, race-, and R-R interval–corrected QT interval (≥439 milliseconds) with participants in the middle quintile (401 to <410 milliseconds) were 2.03 (95% confidence interval, 1.46-2.81) for total mortality, 2.55 (1.59-4.09) for mortality due to cardiovascular disease (CVD), 1.63 (0.96-2.75) for mortality due to coronary heart disease, and 1.65 (1.16-2.35) for non-CVD mortality. The corresponding hazard ratios comparing participants with a corrected QT interval below the fifth percentile (<377 milliseconds) with those in the middle quintile were 1.39 (95% confidence interval, 1.02-1.88) for total mortality, 1.35 (0.77-2.36) for CVD mortality, 1.02 (0.44-2.38) for coronary heart disease mortality, and 1.42 (0.97-2.08) for non-CVD mortality. Increased mortality also was observed with less extreme deviations of QT-interval duration. Similar, albeit weaker, associations also were observed with Bazett-corrected QT intervals. Conclusion Shortened and prolonged QT-interval durations, even within a reference range, are associated with increased mortality risk in the general population. PMID:22025428
Clique-width of unit interval graphs
Lozin, Vadim V.
2007-01-01
The clique-width is known to be unbounded in the class of unit interval graphs. In this paper, we show that this is a minimal hereditary class of unbounded clique-width, i.e., in every hereditary subclass of unit interval graphs the clique-width is bounded by a constant.
Breastfeeding, birth intervals and child survival:
African Journals Online (AJOL)
short birth intervals are associated with inceased mortality rates in the ages 1-12 months, and to ... and early childhood mortality in Ethiopia is ... factors linking birth intervals and child survival ... and women in their reproductive ages. ... and 2,550 women of reproductive age. ..... to Ecological Degradation and Food Insecurity:.
Bayesian credible interval construction for Poisson statistics
Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)
ZHU Yong-Sheng
2008-01-01
The construction of the Bayesian credible (confidence) interval for a Poisson observable including both the signal and background with and without systematic uncertainties is presented.Introducing the conditional probability satisfying the requirement of the background not larger than the observed events to construct the Bayesian credible interval is also discussed.A Fortran routine,BPOCI,has been developed to implement the calculation.
Nonparametric confidence intervals for monotone functions
Groeneboom, P.; Jongbloed, G.
2015-01-01
We study nonparametric isotonic confidence intervals for monotone functions. In [Ann. Statist. 29 (2001) 1699–1731], pointwise confidence intervals, based on likelihood ratio tests using the restricted and unrestricted MLE in the current status model, are introduced. We extend the method to the trea
Nonparametric confidence intervals for monotone functions
Groeneboom, P.; Jongbloed, G.
2015-01-01
We study nonparametric isotonic confidence intervals for monotone functions. In [Ann. Statist. 29 (2001) 1699–1731], pointwise confidence intervals, based on likelihood ratio tests using the restricted and unrestricted MLE in the current status model, are introduced. We extend the method to the
Optimal Approximation of Quadratic Interval Functions
Koshelev, Misha; Taillibert, Patrick
1997-01-01
Measurements are never absolutely accurate, as a result, after each measurement, we do not get the exact value of the measured quantity; at best, we get an interval of its possible values, For dynamically changing quantities x, the additional problem is that we cannot measure them continuously; we can only measure them at certain discrete moments of time t(sub 1), t(sub 2), ... If we know that the value x(t(sub j)) at a moment t(sub j) of the last measurement was in the interval [x-(t(sub j)), x + (t(sub j))], and if we know the upper bound D on the rate with which x changes, then, for any given moment of time t, we can conclude that x(t) belongs to the interval [x-(t(sub j)) - D (t - t(sub j)), x + (t(sub j)) + D (t - t(sub j))]. This interval changes linearly with time, an is, therefore, called a linear interval function. When we process these intervals, we get an expression that is quadratic and higher order w.r.t. time t, Such "quadratic" intervals are difficult to process and therefore, it is necessary to approximate them by linear ones. In this paper, we describe an algorithm that gives the optimal approximation of quadratic interval functions by linear ones.
Diagnostic interval and mortality in colorectal cancer
DEFF Research Database (Denmark)
Tørring, Marie Louise; Frydenberg, Morten; Hamilton, William;
2012-01-01
Objective To test the theory of a U-shaped association between time from the first presentation of symptoms in primary care to the diagnosis (the diagnostic interval) and mortality after diagnosis of colorectal cancer (CRC). Study Design and Setting Three population-based studies in Denmark...... presentation, the association between the length of the diagnostic interval and 5-year mortality rate after the diagnosis of CRC was the same for all three types of data: displaying a U-shaped association with decreasing and subsequently increasing mortality with longer diagnostic intervals. Conclusion Unknown...... confounding and in particular confounding by indication is likely to explain the counterintuitive findings of higher mortality among patients with very short diagnostic intervals, but cannot explain the increasing mortality with longer diagnostic intervals. The results support the theory that longer...
Generation interval contraction and epidemic data analysis
Kenah, Eben; Robins, James M
2008-01-01
The generation interval is the time between the infection time of an infected person and the infection time of his or her infector. Probability density functions for generation intervals have been an important input for epidemic models and epidemic data analysis. In this paper, we specify a general stochastic SIR epidemic model and prove that the mean generation interval decreases when susceptible persons are at risk of infectious contact from multiple sources. The intuition behind this is that when a susceptible person has multiple potential infectors, there is a ``race'' to infect him or her in which only the first infectious contact leads to infection. In an epidemic, the mean generation interval contracts as the prevalence of infection increases. We call this global competition among potential infectors. When there is rapid transmission within clusters of contacts, generation interval contraction can be caused by a high local prevalence of infection even when the global prevalence is low. We call this loc...
2005-01-01
Vastavad: EV Presidendi Kantselei direktori asetäitja, üldosakonna juhataja Riina Roomet, Mahtra Talurahvamuuseumi direktor Tiia-Helle Schmitte, EBS-i raamatukogu juhataja Eda Pihu, Euroopa Liidu asjade komisjoni nõunik (Riigikogu) Külli Kask, Kultuuriministeeriumi raamatukogunõunik Meeli Veskus, Võrumaa Keskraamatukogu direktor Inga Kuljus, Lääne Maakonna Keskraamatukogu direktor Ilme Sepp, Riigiarhiivi direktor Marge Tiidus, kirjastuse Pilgrim juht Tiina Ristimets, Tallinna Keskraamatukogu direktor Kaie Holm, Eesti ENIC/NARIC Keskuse infospetsialist Liia Tüür, Eesti Rahvusraamatukogu direktor Tiiu Valm, Tartu Ülikooli Raamatukogu teenindusdirektor Mare-Nelli Ilus, Viljandi Kultuuriakadeemia raamatukogunduse ja infoteaduste osakonna juhataja Ilmar Vaaro
2005-01-01
Vastavad: EV Presidendi Kantselei direktori asetäitja, üldosakonna juhataja Riina Roomet, Mahtra Talurahvamuuseumi direktor Tiia-Helle Schmitte, EBS-i raamatukogu juhataja Eda Pihu, Euroopa Liidu asjade komisjoni nõunik (Riigikogu) Külli Kask, Kultuuriministeeriumi raamatukogunõunik Meeli Veskus, Võrumaa Keskraamatukogu direktor Inga Kuljus, Lääne Maakonna Keskraamatukogu direktor Ilme Sepp, Riigiarhiivi direktor Marge Tiidus, kirjastuse Pilgrim juht Tiina Ristimets, Tallinna Keskraamatukogu direktor Kaie Holm, Eesti ENIC/NARIC Keskuse infospetsialist Liia Tüür, Eesti Rahvusraamatukogu direktor Tiiu Valm, Tartu Ülikooli Raamatukogu teenindusdirektor Mare-Nelli Ilus, Viljandi Kultuuriakadeemia raamatukogunduse ja infoteaduste osakonna juhataja Ilmar Vaaro
INTERVAL OBSERVER FOR A BIOLOGICAL REACTOR MODEL
Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)
T. A. Kharkovskaia
2014-05-01
Full Text Available The method of an interval observer design for nonlinear systems with parametric uncertainties is considered. The interval observer synthesis problem for systems with varying parameters consists in the following. If there is the uncertainty restraint for the state values of the system, limiting the initial conditions of the system and the set of admissible values for the vector of unknown parameters and inputs, the interval existence condition for the estimations of the system state variables, containing the actual state at a given time, needs to be held valid over the whole considered time segment as well. Conditions of the interval observers design for the considered class of systems are shown. They are: limitation of the input and state, the existence of a majorizing function defining the uncertainty vector for the system, Lipschitz continuity or finiteness of this function, the existence of an observer gain with the suitable Lyapunov matrix. The main condition for design of such a device is cooperativity of the interval estimation error dynamics. An individual observer gain matrix selection problem is considered. In order to ensure the property of cooperativity for interval estimation error dynamics, a static transformation of coordinates is proposed. The proposed algorithm is demonstrated by computer modeling of the biological reactor. Possible applications of these interval estimation systems are the spheres of robust control, where the presence of various types of uncertainties in the system dynamics is assumed, biotechnology and environmental systems and processes, mechatronics and robotics, etc.
Circadian modulation of interval timing in mice.
Agostino, Patricia V; do Nascimento, Micaela; Bussi, Ivana L; Eguía, Manuel C; Golombek, Diego A
2011-01-25
Temporal perception is fundamental to environmental adaptation in humans and other animals. To deal with timing and time perception, organisms have developed multiple systems that are active over a broad range of order of magnitude, the most important being circadian timing, interval timing and millisecond timing. The circadian pacemaker is located in the suprachiasmatic nuclei (SCN) of the hypothalamus, and is driven by a self-sustaining oscillator with a period close to 24h. Time estimation in the second-to-minutes range--known as interval timing--involves the interaction of the basal ganglia and the prefrontal cortex. In this work we tested the hypothesis that interval timing in mice is sensitive to circadian modulations. Animals were trained following the peak-interval (PI) procedure. Results show significant differences in the estimation of 24-second intervals at different times of day, with a higher accuracy in the group trained at night, which were maintained under constant dark (DD) conditions. Interval timing was also studied in animals under constant light (LL) conditions, which abolish circadian rhythmicity. Mice under LL conditions were unable to acquire temporal control in the peak interval procedure. Moreover, short time estimation in animals subjected to circadian desynchronizations (modeling jet lag-like situations) was also affected. Taken together, our results indicate that short-time estimation is modulated by the circadian clock. Copyright © 2010 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.
Fast transfer of crossmodal time interval training.
Chen, Lihan; Zhou, Xiaolin
2014-06-01
Sub-second time perception is essential for many important sensory and perceptual tasks including speech perception, motion perception, motor coordination, and crossmodal interaction. This study investigates to what extent the ability to discriminate sub-second time intervals acquired in one sensory modality can be transferred to another modality. To this end, we used perceptual classification of visual Ternus display (Ternus in Psychol Forsch 7:81-136, 1926) to implicitly measure participants' interval perception in pre- and posttests and implemented an intra- or crossmodal sub-second interval discrimination training protocol in between the tests. The Ternus display elicited either an "element motion" or a "group motion" percept, depending on the inter-stimulus interval between the two visual frames. The training protocol required participants to explicitly compare the interval length between a pair of visual, auditory, or tactile stimuli with a standard interval or to implicitly perceive the length of visual, auditory, or tactile intervals by completing a non-temporal task (discrimination of auditory pitch or tactile intensity). Results showed that after fast explicit training of interval discrimination (about 15 min), participants improved their ability to categorize the visual apparent motion in Ternus displays, although the training benefits were mild for visual timing training. However, the benefits were absent for implicit interval training protocols. This finding suggests that the timing ability in one modality can be rapidly acquired and used to improve timing-related performance in another modality and that there may exist a central clock for sub-second temporal processing, although modality-specific perceptual properties may constrain the functioning of this clock.
Magnetic Resonance Fingerprinting with short relaxation intervals.
Amthor, Thomas; Doneva, Mariya; Koken, Peter; Sommer, Karsten; Meineke, Jakob; Börnert, Peter
2017-09-01
The aim of this study was to investigate a technique for improving the performance of Magnetic Resonance Fingerprinting (MRF) in repetitive sampling schemes, in particular for 3D MRF acquisition, by shortening relaxation intervals between MRF pulse train repetitions. A calculation method for MRF dictionaries adapted to short relaxation intervals and non-relaxed initial spin states is presented, based on the concept of stationary fingerprints. The method is applicable to many different k-space sampling schemes in 2D and 3D. For accuracy analysis, T1 and T2 values of a phantom are determined by single-slice Cartesian MRF for different relaxation intervals and are compared with quantitative reference measurements. The relevance of slice profile effects is also investigated in this case. To further illustrate the capabilities of the method, an application to in-vivo spiral 3D MRF measurements is demonstrated. The proposed computation method enables accurate parameter estimation even for the shortest relaxation intervals, as investigated for different sampling patterns in 2D and 3D. In 2D Cartesian measurements, we achieved a scan acceleration of more than a factor of two, while maintaining acceptable accuracy: The largest T1 values of a sample set deviated from their reference values by 0.3% (longest relaxation interval) and 2.4% (shortest relaxation interval). The largest T2 values showed systematic deviations of up to 10% for all relaxation intervals, which is discussed. The influence of slice profile effects for multislice acquisition is shown to become increasingly relevant for short relaxation intervals. In 3D spiral measurements, a scan time reduction of 36% was achieved, maintaining the quality of in-vivo T1 and T2 maps. Reducing the relaxation interval between MRF sequence repetitions using stationary fingerprint dictionaries is a feasible method to improve the scan efficiency of MRF sequences. The method enables fast implementations of 3D spatially resolved
Advanced Interval Management: A Benefit Analysis
Timer, Sebastian; Peters, Mark
2016-01-01
This document is the final report for the NASA Langley Research Center (LaRC)- sponsored task order 'Possible Benefits for Advanced Interval Management Operations.' Under this research project, Architecture Technology Corporation performed an analysis to determine the maximum potential benefit to be gained if specific Advanced Interval Management (AIM) operations were implemented in the National Airspace System (NAS). The motivation for this research is to guide NASA decision-making on which Interval Management (IM) applications offer the most potential benefit and warrant further research.
Dynamics of Non-Classical Interval Exchanges
Gadre, Vaibhav S
2009-01-01
Train tracks with a single vertex are a generalization of interval exchange maps. Here, we consider non-classical interval exchanges: complete train tracks with a single vertex. These can be studied as a dynamical system by considering Rauzy induction in this context. This gives a refinement process on the parameter space similar to Kerckhoff's simplicial systems. We show that the refinement process gives an expansion that has a key dynamical property called uniform distortion. We use uniform distortion to prove normality of the expansion. Consequently we prove an analog of Keane's conjecture: almost every non-classical interval exchange is uniquely ergodic.
Linear chord diagrams on two intervals
DEFF Research Database (Denmark)
Andersen, Jørgen Ellegaard; Penner, Robert; Reidys, Christian
Consider all possible ways of attaching disjoint chords to two ordered and oriented disjoint intervals so as to produce a connected graph. Taking the intervals to lie in the real axis with the induced orientation and the chords to lie in the upper half plane canonically determines a corresponding...... generating function ${\\bf C}_g(z)=z^{2g}R_g(z)/(1-4z)^{3g-{1\\over 2}}$ for chords attached to a single interval is algebraic, for $g\\geq 1$, where the polynomial $R_g(z)$ with degree at most $g-1$ has integer coefficients and satisfies $R_g(1/4)\
Combination of structural reliability and interval analysis
Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)
Zhiping Qiu; Di Yang; saac Elishakoff
2008-01-01
In engineering applications,probabilistic reliability theory appears to be presently the most important method,however,in many cases precise probabilistic reliability theory cannot be considered as adequate and credible model of the real state of actual affairs.In this paper,we developed a hybrid of probabilistic and non-probabilistic reliability theory,which describes the structural uncertain parameters as interval variables when statistical data are found insufficient.By using the interval analysis,a new method for calculating the interval of the structural reliability as well as the reliability index is introduced in this paper,and the traditional probabilistic theory is incorporated with the interval analysis.Moreover,the new method preserves the useful part of the traditional probabilistic reliability theory,but removes the restriction of its strict requirement on data acquisition.Example is presented to demonstrate the feasibility and validity of the proposed theory.
Application of Interval Analysis to Error Control.
1976-09-01
We give simple examples of ways in which interval arithmetic can be used to alert instabilities in computer algorithms , roundoff error accumulation, and even the effects of hardware inadequacies. This paper is primarily tutorial. (Author)
Classifying and ranking DMUs in interval DEA
Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)
GUO Jun-peng; WU Yu-hua; LI Wen-hua
2005-01-01
During efficiency evaluating by DEA, the inputs and outputs of DMUs may be intervals because of insufficient information or measure error. For this reason, interval DEA is proposed. To make the efficiency scores more discriminative, this paper builds an Interval Modified DEA (IMDEA) model based on MDEA.Furthermore, models of obtaining upper and lower bounds of the efficiency scores for each DMU are set up.Based on this, the DMUs are classified into three types. Next, a new order relation between intervals which can express the DM' s preference to the three types is proposed. As a result, a full and more eonvietive ranking is made on all the DMUs. Finally an example is given.
Conditional prediction intervals of wind power generation
DEFF Research Database (Denmark)
Pinson, Pierre; Kariniotakis, Georges
2010-01-01
A generic method for the providing of prediction intervals of wind power generation is described. Prediction intervals complement the more common wind power point forecasts, by giving a range of potential outcomes for a given probability, their so-called nominal coverage rate. Ideally they inform...... on the characteristics of prediction errors for providing conditional interval forecasts. By simultaneously generating prediction intervals with various nominal coverage rates, one obtains full predictive distributions of wind generation. Adapted resampling is applied here to the case of an onshore Danish wind farm......, for which three point forecasting methods are considered as input. The probabilistic forecasts generated are evaluated based on their reliability and sharpness, while compared to forecasts based on quantile regression and the climatology benchmark. The operational application of adapted resampling...
Haematological Reference Intervals in a Multiethnic Population
Angeli Ambayya; Anselm Ting Su; Nadila Haryani Osman; Nik Rosnita Nik-Samsudin; Khadijah Khalid; Kian Meng Chang; Jameela Sathar; Jay Suriar Rajasuriar; Subramanian Yegappan
2014-01-01
INTRODUCTION: Similar to other populations, full blood count reference (FBC) intervals in Malaysia are generally derived from non-Malaysian subjects. However, numerous studies have shown significant differences between and within populations supporting the need for population specific intervals. METHODS: Two thousand seven hundred twenty five apparently healthy adults comprising all ages, both genders and three principal races were recruited through voluntary participation. FBC was performed ...
Conditional prediction intervals of wind power generation
Pinson, Pierre; Kariniotakis, Georges
2010-01-01
A generic method for the providing of prediction intervals of wind power generation is described. Prediction intervals complement the more common wind power point forecasts, by giving a range of potential outcomes for a given probability, their so-called nominal coverage rate. Ideally they inform of the situation-specific uncertainty of point forecasts. In order to avoid a restrictive assumption on the shape of forecast error distributions, focus is given to an empirical and nonparametric app...
Optimal prediction intervals of wind power generation
Wan, Can; Wu, Zhao; Pinson, Pierre; Dong, Zhao Yang; Wong, Kit Po
2014-01-01
Accurate and reliable wind power forecasting is essential to power system operation. Given significant uncertainties involved in wind generation, probabilistic interval forecasting provides a unique solution to estimate and quantify the potential impacts and risks facing system operation with wind penetration beforehand. This paper proposes a novel hybrid intelligent algorithm approach to directly formulate optimal prediction intervals of wind power generation based on extreme learning machin...
Better Confidence Intervals for Importance Sampling
HALIS SAK; WOLFGANG HÖRMANN; JOSEF LEYDOLD
2010-01-01
It is well known that for highly skewed distributions the standard method of using the t statistic for the confidence interval of the mean does not give robust results. This is an important problem for importance sampling (IS) as its final distribution is often skewed due to a heavy tailed weight distribution. In this paper, we first explain Hall's transformation and its variants to correct the confidence interval of the mean and then evaluate the performance of these methods for two numerica...
Surveillance intervals for small abdominal aortic aneurysms
DEFF Research Database (Denmark)
Bown, Matthew J; Sweeting, Michael J; Brown, Louise C
2013-01-01
Small abdominal aortic aneurysms (AAAs [3.0 cm-5.4 cm in diameter]) are monitored by ultrasound surveillance. The intervals between surveillance scans should be chosen to detect an expanding aneurysm prior to rupture.......Small abdominal aortic aneurysms (AAAs [3.0 cm-5.4 cm in diameter]) are monitored by ultrasound surveillance. The intervals between surveillance scans should be chosen to detect an expanding aneurysm prior to rupture....
Interval Size and Affect: An Ethnomusicological Perspective
Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)
Sarha Moore
2013-08-01
Full Text Available This commentary addresses Huron and Davis's question of whether "The Harmonic Minor Provides an Optimum Way of Reducing Average Melodic Interval Size, Consistent with Sad Affect Cues" within any non-Western musical cultures. The harmonic minor scale and other semitone-heavy scales, such as Bhairav raga and Hicaz makam, are featured widely in the musical cultures of North India and the Middle East. Do melodies from these genres also have a preponderance of semitone intervals and low incidence of the augmented second interval, as in Huron and Davis's sample? Does the presence of more semitone intervals in a melody affect its emotional connotations in different cultural settings? Are all semitone intervals equal in their effect? My own ethnographic research within these cultures reveals comparable connotations in melodies that linger on semitone intervals, centered on concepts of tension and metaphors of falling. However, across different musical cultures there may also be neutral or lively interpretations of these same pitch sets, dependent on context, manner of performance, and tradition. Small pitch movement may also be associated with social functions such as prayer or lullabies, and may not be described as "sad." "Sad," moreover may not connote the same affect cross-culturally.
Interval Finite Element Analysis of Wing Flutter
Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)
Wang Xiaojun; Qiu Zhiping
2008-01-01
The influences of uncertainties in structural parameters on the flutter speed of wing are studied. On the basis of the deterministic flutter analysis model of wing, the uncertainties in structural parameters are considered and described by interval numbers. By virtue of first-order Taylor series expansion, the lower and upper bound curves of the transient decay rate coefficient versus wind velocity are given. So the interval estimation of the flutter critical wind speed of wing can be obtained, which is more reasonable than the point esti- mation obtained by the deterministic flutter analysis and provides the basis for the further non-probabilistic interval reliability analysis of wing flutter. The flow chart for interval finite element model of flutter analysis of wing is given. The proposed interval finite element model and the stochastic finite element model for wing flutter analysis are compared by the examples of a three degrees of freedorn airfoil and fuselage and a 15° swepthack wing, and the results have shown the effectiveness and feasibility of the presented model. The prominent advantage of the proposed interval finite element model is that only the bounds of uncertain parameters axe required, and the probabilistic distribution densities or other statistical characteristics are not needed.
Recurrence interval analysis of trading volumes.
Ren, Fei; Zhou, Wei-Xing
2010-06-01
We study the statistical properties of the recurrence intervals τ between successive trading volumes exceeding a certain threshold q. The recurrence interval analysis is carried out for the 20 liquid Chinese stocks covering a period from January 2000 to May 2009, and two Chinese indices from January 2003 to April 2009. Similar to the recurrence interval distribution of the price returns, the tail of the recurrence interval distribution of the trading volumes follows a power-law scaling, and the results are verified by the goodness-of-fit tests using the Kolmogorov-Smirnov (KS) statistic, the weighted KS statistic and the Cramér-von Mises criterion. The measurements of the conditional probability distribution and the detrended fluctuation function show that both short-term and long-term memory effects exist in the recurrence intervals between trading volumes. We further study the relationship between trading volumes and price returns based on the recurrence interval analysis method. It is found that large trading volumes are more likely to occur following large price returns, and the comovement between trading volumes and price returns is more pronounced for large trading volumes.
Genetic analyses of a seasonal interval timer.
Prendergast, Brian J; Renstrom, Randall A; Nelson, Randy J
2004-08-01
Seasonal clocks (e.g., circannual clocks, seasonal interval timers) permit anticipation of regularly occurring environmental events by timing the onset of seasonal transitions in reproduction, metabolism, and behavior. Implicit in the concept that seasonal clocks reflect adaptations to the local environment is the unexamined assumption that heritable genetic variance exists in the critical features of such clocks, namely, their temporal properties. These experiments quantified the intraspecific variance in, and heritability of, the photorefractoriness interval timer in Siberian hamsters (Phodopus sungorus), a seasonal clock that provides temporal information to mechanisms that regulate seasonal transitions in body weight. Twenty-seven families consisting of 54 parents and 109 offspring were raised in a long-day photoperiod and transferred as adults to an inhibitory photoperiod (continuous darkness; DD). Weekly body weight measurements permitted specification of the interval of responsiveness to DD, a reflection of the duration of the interval timer, in each individual. Body weights of males and females decreased after exposure to DD, but 3 to 5 months later, somatic recrudescence occurred, indicative of photorefractoriness to DD. The interval timer was approximately 5 weeks longer and twice as variable in females relative to males. Analyses of variance of full siblings revealed an overall intraclass correlation of 0.71 +/- 0.04 (0.51 +/- 0.10 for male offspring and 0.80 +/- 0.06 for female offspring), suggesting a significant family resemblance in the duration of interval timers. Parent-offspring regression analyses yielded an overall heritability estimate of 0.61 +/- 0.2; h(2) estimates from parent-offspring regression analyses were significant for female offspring (0.91 +/- 0.4) but not for male offspring (0.35 +/- 0.2), indicating strong additive genetic components for this trait, primarily in females. In nature, individual differences, both within and between
Heart rate dependency of JT interval sections.
Hnatkova, Katerina; Johannesen, Lars; Vicente, Jose; Malik, Marek
2017-08-09
Little experience exists with the heart rate correction of J-Tpeak and Tpeak-Tend intervals. In a population of 176 female and 176 male healthy subjects aged 32.3±9.8 and 33.1±8.4years, respectively, curve-linear and linear relationship to heart rate was investigated for different sections of the JT interval defined by the proportions of the area under the vector magnitude of the reconstructed 3D vectorcardiographic loop. The duration of the JT sub-section between approximately just before the T peak and almost the T end was found heart rate independent. Most of the JT heart rate dependency relates to the beginning of the interval. The duration of the terminal T wave tail is only weakly heart rate dependent. The Tpeak-Tend is only minimally heart rate dependent and in studies not showing substantial heart rate changes does not need to be heart rate corrected. For any correction formula that has linear additive properties, heart rate correction of JT and JTpeak intervals is practically the same as of the QT interval. However, this does not apply to the formulas in the form of Int/RR(a) since they do not have linear additive properties. Copyright © 2017 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.
Transmission line sag calculations using interval mathematics
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Shaalan, H. [Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers, Washington, DC (United States)]|[US Merchant Marine Academy, Kings Point, NY (United States)
2007-07-01
Electric utilities are facing the need for additional generating capacity, new transmission systems and more efficient use of existing resources. As such, there are several uncertainties associated with utility decisions. These uncertainties include future load growth, construction times and costs, and performance of new resources. Regulatory and economic environments also present uncertainties. Uncertainty can be modeled based on a probabilistic approach where probability distributions for all of the uncertainties are assumed. Another approach to modeling uncertainty is referred to as unknown but bounded. In this approach, the upper and lower bounds on the uncertainties are assumed without probability distributions. Interval mathematics is a tool for the practical use and extension of the unknown but bounded concept. In this study, the calculation of transmission line sag was used as an example to demonstrate the use of interval mathematics. The objective was to determine the change in cable length, based on a fixed span and an interval of cable sag values for a range of temperatures. The resulting change in cable length was an interval corresponding to the interval of cable sag values. It was shown that there is a small change in conductor length due to variation in sag based on the temperature ranges used in this study. 8 refs.
Optimal prediction intervals of wind power generation
DEFF Research Database (Denmark)
Wan, Can; Wu, Zhao; Pinson, Pierre
2014-01-01
Accurate and reliable wind power forecasting is essential to power system operation. Given significant uncertainties involved in wind generation, probabilistic interval forecasting provides a unique solution to estimate and quantify the potential impacts and risks facing system operation with wind...... penetration beforehand. This paper proposes a novel hybrid intelligent algorithm approach to directly formulate optimal prediction intervals of wind power generation based on extreme learning machine and particle swarm optimization. Prediction intervals with Associated confidence levels are generated through...... conducted. Comparing with benchmarks applied, experimental results demonstrate the high efficiency and reliability of the developed approach. It is therefore convinced that the proposed method provides a new generalized framework for probabilistic wind power forecasting with high reliability and flexibility...
Confidence intervals with a priori parameter bounds
Lokhov, A V
2014-01-01
We review the methods of constructing confidence intervals that account for a priori information about one-sided constraints on the parameter being estimated. We show that the so-called method of sensitivity limit yields a correct solution of the problem. Derived are the solutions for the cases of a continuous distribution with non-negative estimated parameter and a discrete distribution, specifically a Poisson process with background. For both cases, the best upper limit is constructed that accounts for the a priori information. A table is provided with the confidence intervals for the parameter of Poisson distribution that correctly accounts for the information on the known value of the background along with the software for calculating the confidence intervals for any confidence levels and magnitudes of the background (the software is freely available for download via Internet).
Existence test for asynchronous interval iterations
DEFF Research Database (Denmark)
Madsen, Kaj; Caprani, O.; Stauning, Ole
1997-01-01
In the search for regions that contain fixed points ofa real function of several variables, tests based on interval calculationscan be used to establish existence ornon-existence of fixed points in regions that are examined in the course ofthe search. The search can e.g. be performed...... as a synchronous (sequential) interval iteration:In each iteration step all components of the iterate are calculatedbased on the previous iterate. In this case it is straight forward to base simple interval existence and non-existencetests on the calculations done in each step of the iteration. The search can also...... be performed as an asynchronous (parallel) iteration: Only a few components are changed in each stepand this calculation is in general based on components from differentprevious iterates. For the asynchronous iteration it turns out thatsimple tests of existence and non-existence can be based...
Jendzjowsky, Nicholas G; DeLorey, Darren S
2011-10-01
Non-interval and interval training progressions were used to determine (i) the mean rate at which treadmill speed could be incremented daily using a non-interval training progression to train rats to run continuously at different intensities and (ii) the number of training days required for rats to run continuously at different exercise intensities with non-interval- and interval-based training progressions to establish methods of progressive overload for rodent exercise training studies. Rats were randomly assigned to mild-intensity (n = 5, 20 m·min(-1), 5% grade), moderate-intensity (n = 5, 30 m·min(-1), 5% grade), and heavy-intensity non-interval groups (n = 5, 40 m·min(-1), 5% grade) or a heavy-intensity interval (n = 5, 40 m·min(-1), 5% grade) group and ran 5 days·week(-1) for 6 weeks. Non-interval training involved a daily increase of treadmill speed, whereas interval training involved a daily increase of interval time, until the animal could run continuously at a prescribed intensity. In mild-, moderate-, and heavy-intensity non-interval-trained rats, treadmill speed was increased by 0.6 ± 0.7 m·min(-1)·day(-1), 0.6 ± 0.2 m·min(-1)·day(-1), and 0.8 ± 0.1 m·min(-1)·day(-1), respectively. Target training intensity and duration were obtained following 0.4 ± 0.5 days, 17 ± 3 days, and 23 ± 3 training days (p progression enables rats to run continuously at moderate and heavy intensities with 3-4 weeks of progressive overload. Interval training significantly reduces the number of training days required to attain a target intensity.
Interval Estimation of Seismic Hazard Parameters
Orlecka-Sikora, Beata; Lasocki, Stanislaw
2016-11-01
The paper considers Poisson temporal occurrence of earthquakes and presents a way to integrate uncertainties of the estimates of mean activity rate and magnitude cumulative distribution function in the interval estimation of the most widely used seismic hazard functions, such as the exceedance probability and the mean return period. The proposed algorithm can be used either when the Gutenberg-Richter model of magnitude distribution is accepted or when the nonparametric estimation is in use. When the Gutenberg-Richter model of magnitude distribution is used the interval estimation of its parameters is based on the asymptotic normality of the maximum likelihood estimator. When the nonparametric kernel estimation of magnitude distribution is used, we propose the iterated bias corrected and accelerated method for interval estimation based on the smoothed bootstrap and second-order bootstrap samples. The changes resulted from the integrated approach in the interval estimation of the seismic hazard functions with respect to the approach, which neglects the uncertainty of the mean activity rate estimates have been studied using Monte Carlo simulations and two real dataset examples. The results indicate that the uncertainty of mean activity rate affects significantly the interval estimates of hazard functions only when the product of activity rate and the time period, for which the hazard is estimated, is no more than 5.0. When this product becomes greater than 5.0, the impact of the uncertainty of cumulative distribution function of magnitude dominates the impact of the uncertainty of mean activity rate in the aggregated uncertainty of the hazard functions. Following, the interval estimates with and without inclusion of the uncertainty of mean activity rate converge. The presented algorithm is generic and can be applied also to capture the propagation of uncertainty of estimates, which are parameters of a multiparameter function, onto this function.
Intervality and coherence in complex networks
Domínguez-García, Virginia; Johnson, Samuel; Muñoz, Miguel A.
2016-06-01
Food webs—networks of predators and prey—have long been known to exhibit "intervality": species can generally be ordered along a single axis in such a way that the prey of any given predator tend to lie on unbroken compact intervals. Although the meaning of this axis—usually identified with a "niche" dimension—has remained a mystery, it is assumed to lie at the basis of the highly non-trivial structure of food webs. With this in mind, most trophic network modelling has for decades been based on assigning species a niche value by hand. However, we argue here that intervality should not be considered the cause but rather a consequence of food-web structure. First, analysing a set of 46 empirical food webs, we find that they also exhibit predator intervality: the predators of any given species are as likely to be contiguous as the prey are, but in a different ordering. Furthermore, this property is not exclusive of trophic networks: several networks of genes, neurons, metabolites, cellular machines, airports, and words are found to be approximately as interval as food webs. We go on to show that a simple model of food-web assembly which does not make use of a niche axis can nevertheless generate significant intervality. Therefore, the niche dimension (in the sense used for food-web modelling) could in fact be the consequence of other, more fundamental structural traits. We conclude that a new approach to food-web modelling is required for a deeper understanding of ecosystem assembly, structure, and function, and propose that certain topological features thought to be specific of food webs are in fact common to many complex networks.
Radial basis function networks with linear interval regression weights for symbolic interval data.
Su, Shun-Feng; Chuang, Chen-Chia; Tao, C W; Jeng, Jin-Tsong; Hsiao, Chih-Ching
2012-02-01
This paper introduces a new structure of radial basis function networks (RBFNs) that can successfully model symbolic interval-valued data. In the proposed structure, to handle symbolic interval data, the Gaussian functions required in the RBFNs are modified to consider interval distance measure, and the synaptic weights of the RBFNs are replaced by linear interval regression weights. In the linear interval regression weights, the lower and upper bounds of the interval-valued data as well as the center and range of the interval-valued data are considered. In addition, in the proposed approach, two stages of learning mechanisms are proposed. In stage 1, an initial structure (i.e., the number of hidden nodes and the adjustable parameters of radial basis functions) of the proposed structure is obtained by the interval competitive agglomeration clustering algorithm. In stage 2, a gradient-descent kind of learning algorithm is applied to fine-tune the parameters of the radial basis function and the coefficients of the linear interval regression weights. Various experiments are conducted, and the average behavior of the root mean square error and the square of the correlation coefficient in the framework of a Monte Carlo experiment are considered as the performance index. The results clearly show the effectiveness of the proposed structure.
Interval Continuous Plant Identification from Value Sets
Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)
R. Hernández
2012-01-01
Full Text Available This paper shows how to obtain the values of the numerator and denominator Kharitonov polynomials of an interval plant from its value set at a given frequency. Moreover, it is proven that given a value set, all the assigned polynomials of the vertices can be determined if and only if there is a complete edge or a complete arc lying on a quadrant. This algorithm is nonconservative in the sense that if the value-set boundary of an interval plant is exactly known, and particularly its vertices, then the Kharitonov rectangles are exactly those used to obtain these value sets.
A sequent calculus for signed interval logic
DEFF Research Database (Denmark)
Rasmussen, Thomas Marthedal
2001-01-01
We propose and discuss a complete sequent calculus formulation for Signed Interval Logic (SIL) with the chief purpose of improving proof support for SIL in practice. The main theoretical result is a simple characterization of the limit between decidability and undecidability of quantifier-free SIL....... We present a mechanization of SIL in the generic proof assistant Isabelle and consider techniques for automated reasoning. Many of the results and ideas of this report are also applicable to traditional (non-signed) interval logic and, hence, to Duration Calculus....
Coefficient Omega Bootstrap Confidence Intervals: Nonnormal Distributions
Padilla, Miguel A.; Divers, Jasmin
2013-01-01
The performance of the normal theory bootstrap (NTB), the percentile bootstrap (PB), and the bias-corrected and accelerated (BCa) bootstrap confidence intervals (CIs) for coefficient omega was assessed through a Monte Carlo simulation under conditions not previously investigated. Of particular interests were nonnormal Likert-type and binary items.…
[Short pregnancy interval and reproductive disorders
Jongbloet, P.H.; Zielhuis, G.A.; Pasker-de Jong, P.C.M.
2002-01-01
The cause of the 'borderline personality disorder' of Vincent van Gogh has been discussed in social-psychiatric terms related to so-called 'substitute children', born after the loss of a previous child. A biological-organic genesis, i.e. the very short birth interval of precisely one year between Va
Happiness Scale Interval Study. Methodological Considerations
Kalmijn, W. M.; Arends, L. R.; Veenhoven, R.
2011-01-01
The Happiness Scale Interval Study deals with survey questions on happiness, using verbal response options, such as "very happy" and "pretty happy". The aim is to estimate what degrees of happiness are denoted by such terms in different questions and languages. These degrees are expressed in numerical values on a continuous [0,10] scale, which are…
Interval-based Specification of Concurrent Objects
DEFF Research Database (Denmark)
Løvengreen, Hans Henrik; Sørensen, Morten U.
1998-01-01
We propose a logic for specifying the behaviour of concurrent objects, ie. concurrent entities that invoke operation of each other. The logic is an interval logic whith operation invocatins as primitive formulas. The strengths and deficiencies of the logic are illustrated by specifying a variety...
Interval logic. Proof theory and theorem proving
DEFF Research Database (Denmark)
Rasmussen, Thomas Marthedal
2002-01-01
Real-time systems are computer systems which have to meet real-time constraints. To increase the confidence in such systems, formal methods and formal verification are utilized. The class of logics known as interval logics can be used for expressing properties and requirements of real-time system...
Mitotic activity index in interval breast cancers.
Groenendijk, R.P.R.; Bult, P.; Noppen, C.M.; Boetes, C.; Ruers, T.J.M.; Wobbes, Th.
2003-01-01
AIMS: The Mitotic Activity Index (MAI) is a strong prognostic factor for disease free survival in breast cancer. The MAI is lower in screen detected tumours, correlating with less aggressive biological behaviour in this group. In this study the MAI is compared between screen detected, interval and s
High Intensity Interval Training: New Insights
Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)
Martin J.Gibala
2008-01-01
@@ KEY POINTS ·High-intensity interval training(HIT)is characterized by repeated sessions of relatively brief，intermittent exercise.often performed with an“a11 out”effort or at an intensity close to that which elicits peak oxygen uptake(i.e.，≥90%of VO2 peak).
Robust stability of interval parameter matrices
Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)
无
2000-01-01
This note is devoted to the problem of robust stability of interval parameter matrices. Based on some basic facts relating the H∞ norm of a transfer function to the Riccati matrix inequality and Hamilton matrix, several test conditions with parameter perturbation bounds are obtained.
Precise Interval Timer for Software Defined Radio
Pozhidaev, Aleksey (Inventor)
2014-01-01
A precise digital fractional interval timer for software defined radios which vary their waveform on a packet-by-packet basis. The timer allows for variable length in the preamble of the RF packet and allows to adjust boundaries of the TDMA (Time Division Multiple Access) Slots of the receiver of an SDR based on the reception of the RF packet of interest.
Happiness Scale Interval Study. Methodological Considerations
Kalmijn, W. M.; Arends, L. R.; Veenhoven, R.
2011-01-01
The Happiness Scale Interval Study deals with survey questions on happiness, using verbal response options, such as "very happy" and "pretty happy". The aim is to estimate what degrees of happiness are denoted by such terms in different questions and languages. These degrees are expressed in numerical values on a continuous…
Computation of confidence intervals for Poisson processes
Aguilar-Saavedra, J. A.
2000-07-01
We present an algorithm which allows a fast numerical computation of Feldman-Cousins confidence intervals for Poisson processes, even when the number of background events is relatively large. This algorithm incorporates an appropriate treatment of the singularities that arise as a consequence of the discreteness of the variable.
Computation of confidence intervals for Poisson processes
Aguilar-Saavedra, J A
2000-01-01
We present an algorithm which allows a fast numerical computation of Feldman-Cousins confidence intervals for Poisson processes, even when the number of background events is relatively large. This algorithm incorporates an appropriate treatment of the singularities that arise as a consequence of the discreteness of the variable.
[Determination and verification of reference intervals].
Henny, J; Arnaud, J; Giroud, C; Vassault, A
2010-12-01
Based on the original recommendation of the Expert Panel on the Theory of Reference values of the International Federation of Clinical Chemistry and Laboratory Medicine (IFCC-LM), updated guidelines were recently published under the auspices of IFCC and the Clinical and Laboratory Standards Institute. These updated guidelines add valuable improvements (transference, validation and verifying reference intervals).
Interval Mapping of Multiple Quantitative Trait Loci
Jansen, Ritsert C.
1993-01-01
The interval mapping method is widely used for the mapping of quantitative trait loci (QTLs) in segregating generations derived from crosses between inbred lines. The efficiency of detecting and the accuracy of mapping multiple QTLs by using genetic markers are much increased by employing multiple Q
Linear chord diagrams on two intervals
DEFF Research Database (Denmark)
Andersen, Jørgen Ellegaard; Penner, Robert; Reidys, Christian
generating function ${\\bf C}_g(z)=z^{2g}R_g(z)/(1-4z)^{3g-{1\\over 2}}$ for chords attached to a single interval is algebraic, for $g\\geq 1$, where the polynomial $R_g(z)$ with degree at most $g-1$ has integer coefficients and satisfies $R_g(1/4)\
John Buridan's Sophismata and interval temporal semantics
Uckelman, S.L.; Johnston, S.
2010-01-01
In this paper we look at the suitability of modern interval-based temporal logic for modeling John Buridan’s treatment of tensed sentences in his Sophismata. Building on the paper [Øhrstrøm 1984], we develop Buridan’s analysis of temporal logic, paying particular attention to his notions of negation
Modal Transition Systems with Weight Intervals
DEFF Research Database (Denmark)
Juhl, Line; Larsen, Kim Guldstrand; Srba, Jiri
2012-01-01
We propose weighted modal transition systems, an extension to the well-studied specification formalism of modal transition systems that allows to express both required and optional behaviours of their intended implementations. In our extension we decorate each transition with a weight interval th...
Learned Interval Time Facilitates Associate Memory Retrieval
van de Ven, Vincent; Kochs, Sarah; Smulders, Fren; De Weerd, Peter
2017-01-01
The extent to which time is represented in memory remains underinvestigated. We designed a time paired associate task (TPAT) in which participants implicitly learned cue-time-target associations between cue-target pairs and specific cue-target intervals. During subsequent memory testing, participants showed increased accuracy of identifying…
Haematological reference intervals in a multiethnic population.
Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)
Angeli Ambayya
Full Text Available INTRODUCTION: Similar to other populations, full blood count reference (FBC intervals in Malaysia are generally derived from non-Malaysian subjects. However, numerous studies have shown significant differences between and within populations supporting the need for population specific intervals. METHODS: Two thousand seven hundred twenty five apparently healthy adults comprising all ages, both genders and three principal races were recruited through voluntary participation. FBC was performed on two analysers, Sysmex XE-5000 and Unicel DxH 800, in addition to blood smears and haemoglobin analysis. Serum ferritin, soluble transferrin receptor and C-reactive protein assays were performed in selected subjects. All parameters of qualified subjects were tested for normality followed by determination of reference intervals, measures of central tendency and dispersion along with point estimates for each subgroup. RESULTS: Complete data was available in 2440 subjects of whom 56% (907 women and 469 men were included in reference interval calculation. Compared to other populations there were significant differences for haemoglobin, red blood cell count, platelet count and haematocrit in Malaysians. There were differences between men and women, and between younger and older men; unlike in other populations, haemoglobin was similar in younger and older women. However ethnicity and smoking had little impact. 70% of anemia in premenopausal women, 24% in postmenopausal women and 20% of males is attributable to iron deficiency. There was excellent correlation between Sysmex XE-5000 and Unicel DxH 800. CONCLUSION: Our data confirms the importance of population specific haematological parameters and supports the need for local guidelines rather than adoption of generalised reference intervals and cut-offs.
Circadian profile of QT interval and QT interval variability in 172 healthy volunteers
DEFF Research Database (Denmark)
Bonnemeier, Hendrik; Wiegand, Uwe K H; Braasch, Wiebke
2003-01-01
of sleep. QT and R-R intervals revealed a characteristic day-night-pattern. Diurnal profiles of QT interval variability exhibited a significant increase in the morning hours (6-9 AM; P ...-to-beat QT interval duration (QT, QTapex [QTa], Tend [Te]), variability (QTSD, QTaSD), and the mean R-R interval were determined from 24-hour ambulatory electrocardiograms after exclusion of artifacts and premature beats. All volunteers were fully active, awoke at approximately 7:00 AM, and had 6-8 hours...... alterations mainly at daytime with normal aging. Furthermore, the diurnal course of the QT interval variability strongly suggests that it is related to cardiac sympathetic activity and to the reported diurnal pattern of malignant ventricular arrhythmias....
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Zapata, Francisco; Kreinovich, Vladik; Joslyn, Cliff A.; Hogan, Emilie A.
2013-08-01
To make a decision, we need to compare the values of quantities. In many practical situations, we know the values with interval uncertainty. In such situations, we need to compare intervals. Allen’s algebra describes all possible relations between intervals on the real line, and ordering relations between such intervals are well studied. In this paper, we extend this description to intervals in an arbitrary partially ordered set (poset). In particular, we explicitly describe ordering relations between intervals that generalize relation between points. As auxiliary results, we provide a logical interpretation of the relation between intervals, and extend the results about interval graphs to intervals over posets.
Delayed Interval Delivery in a Triplet Pregnancy
Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)
Sheng-Po Kao
2006-02-01
Full Text Available Due to a surge in the availability of assisted reproductive techniques (ART, the incidence of multiple pregnancies is increasing. Preterm labor is a major complication in such pregnancies. Preterm delivery of the first fetus is often followed by delivery of the remaining fetuses. However, conservative management and delayed interval delivery in the remaining fetuses might allow for fetal lung maturity and would reduce perinatal morbidities. A 32-year-old female had a quadruplet pregnancy after receiving ART. Fetal reduction to triplet pregnancy was performed at 11 weeks of gestation. The remaining triplet pregnancy was stable until 29 weeks of gestation, when the first triplet was delivered after spontaneous rupture of membranes. Under intensive monitoring, the remaining 2 fetuses were delivered by cesarean section at 31 weeks of gestation. Only the first fetus had retinopathy after discharge. In conclusion, delayed interval delivery of the remaining fetuses should be attempted after preterm delivery of the first fetus.
On singular interval-valued iteration groups
Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)
Marek Cezary Zdun
2016-09-01
Full Text Available Let I=(a,b and L be a nowhere dense perfect set containing the ends of the interval I and let varphi:Ito mathbb R be a non-increasing continuoussurjection constant on the components of Isetminus L and the closures of these components be the maximal intervals of constancy of varphi . The family F^t,tin mathbb R of theinterval-valued functions F^t(x:=varphi^ -1 t+varphi(x , xin I forms a set-valued iteration group. We determine a maximal densesubgroup Tsubsetneq mathbb R such that the set-valued subgroup F^t,tin T has some regular properties. In particular, the mappings Tbackepsilon tto F^t(x for tin T possess selections f^t(x in F^t(x, which are disjoint group of continuous functions.
Two-sorted Point-Interval Temporal Logics
DEFF Research Database (Denmark)
Balbiani, Philippe; Goranko, Valentin; Sciavicco, Guido
2011-01-01
There are two natural and well-studied approaches to temporal ontology and reasoning: point-based and interval-based. Usually, interval-based temporal reasoning deals with points as particular, duration-less intervals. Here we develop explicitly two-sorted point-interval temporal logical framework...... their expressiveness, comparative to interval-based logics, and the complexity of their satisfiability problems. In particular, we identify some previously not studied and potentially interesting interval logics. © 2011 Elsevier B.V....
Option Pricing Method in a Market Involving Interval Number Factors
Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)
无
2005-01-01
The method for pricing the option in a market with interval number factors is proposed. The no-arbitrage principle in the interval number valued market and the rule to judge the reasonability of a price interval are given. Using the method, the price interval where the riskless interest and the volatility under B-S setting is given. The price interval from binomial tree model when the key factors u, d, R are all interval numbers is also discussed.
Learning about confidence intervals with software R
Gariela Gonçalves; Luís Afonso; Marta Ferreira; Teresa Ferro; Nascimento, Maria M.
2013-01-01
This work was to study the feasibility of implementing a teaching method that employs software, in a Computational Mathematics course, involving students and teachers through the use of the statistical software R in carrying out practical work, such as strengthening the traditional teaching. The statistical inference, namely the determination of confidence intervals, was the content selected for this experience. It was intended show, first of all, that it is possible to promote, through t...
Understanding Confidence Intervals With Visual Representations
Navruz, Bilgin; DELEN, Erhan
2014-01-01
In the present paper, we showed how confidence intervals (CIs) are valuable and useful in research studies when they are used in the correct form with correct interpretations. The sixth edition of the APA (2010) Publication Manual strongly recommended reporting CIs in research studies, and it was described as “the best reporting strategy” (p. 34). Misconceptions and correct interpretations of CIs were presented from several textbooks. In addition, limitations of the null hypothesis statistica...
Periodicity In The Intervals Between Primes
2015-07-02
simple proportionality in Eq.(32), such that the basic form of Dc over the range (0,Γ] is repeated in progressively smaller scale over subsequent...striations are an aggregate visual effect that could be produced only from finely-grained periodicity in the δ- dependence of Dp. Figure (6) is a...a randomized analogue of the first 104 primes. indicates a certain ‘Russian dolls’-style self-similarity in the periodicity of the prime intervals
Interval Mathematics Applied to Critical Point Transitions
Stradi, Benito A.
2012-01-01
The determination of critical points of mixtures is important for both practical and theoretical reasons in the modeling of phase behavior, especially at high pressure. The equations that describe the behavior of complex mixtures near critical points are highly nonlinear and with multiplicity of solutions to the critical point equations. Interval arithmetic can be used to reliably locate all the critical points of a given mixture. The method also verifies the nonexistence of a critical point ...
Prolonged QT interval in Rett syndrome
1999-01-01
Rett syndrome is a severe neurodevelopmental disorder of unknown aetiology. A prolonged QT interval has been described previously in patients with Rett syndrome. To investigate QT prolongation and the presence of cardiac tachyarrhythmias in Rett syndrome electrocardiography and 24 hour Holter monitoring were performed prospectively in a cohort of 34 girls with Rett syndrome. The corrected QT value was prolonged in nine patients. Compared with a group of healthy controls of a...
Systolic Time Intervals and New Measurement Methods.
Tavakolian, Kouhyar
2016-06-01
Systolic time intervals have been used to detect and quantify the directional changes of left ventricular function. New methods of recording these cardiac timings, which are less cumbersome, have been recently developed and this has created a renewed interest and novel applications for these cardiac timings. This manuscript reviews these new methods and addresses the potential for the application of these cardiac timings for the diagnosis and prognosis of different cardiac diseases.
One-way ANOVA based on interval information
Hesamian, Gholamreza
2016-08-01
This paper deals with extending the one-way analysis of variance (ANOVA) to the case where the observed data are represented by closed intervals rather than real numbers. In this approach, first a notion of interval random variable is introduced. Especially, a normal distribution with interval parameters is introduced to investigate hypotheses about the equality of interval means or test the homogeneity of interval variances assumption. Moreover, the least significant difference (LSD method) for investigating multiple comparison of interval means is developed when the null hypothesis about the equality of means is rejected. Then, at a given interval significance level, an index is applied to compare the interval test statistic and the related interval critical value as a criterion to accept or reject the null interval hypothesis of interest. Finally, the method of decision-making leads to some degrees to accept or reject the interval hypotheses. An applied example will be used to show the performance of this method.
Exponential sums over primes in short intervals
Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)
LIU Jianya; L(U) Guangshi; ZHAN Tao
2006-01-01
In this paper we establish one new estimate on exponential sums over primes in short intervals. As an application of this result, we sharpen Hua's result by proving that each sufficiently large integer N congruent to 5 modulo 24 can be written as N = p21 +p22 +p23 +p24 +p25, with |pj - √N/5| ≤ U = N1/2-1/20+ε,where pj are primes. This result is as good as what one can obtain from the generalized Riemann hypothesis.
Intervención familiar: programa EDUCA
Díaz-Sibajas, Miguel Ángel
2014-01-01
El objetivo principal de este taller será el de presentar un programa de escuela de padres protocolizado en grupo para la prevención primaria y secundaria de los trastornos del comportamiento perturbador (el trastorno negativista desafiante y el trastorno disocial) en la infancia y la adolescencia. Se describirán las principales estrategias y dinámicas de intervención con el objetivo de que el taller sea eminentemente práctico, incidiendo en no sólo “ qué hacer", sino en "cómo podemos hace...
Safety information on QT-interval prolongation
DEFF Research Database (Denmark)
Warnier, Miriam J; Holtkamp, Frank A; Rutten, Frans H;
2014-01-01
Prolongation of the QT interval can predispose to fatal ventricular arrhythmias. Differences in QT-labeling language can result in miscommunication and suboptimal risk mitigation. We systematically compared the phraseology used to communicate on QT-prolonging properties of 144 drugs newly approve......) was moderate (kappa 0.434). However, the agreement in expected clinical decisions based on the product labels was much higher (kappa 0.673). The US drug label tends to be more explicit, especially when it considers absence of QT effects....
Approximation of the semi-infinite interval
Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)
A. McD. Mercer
1980-01-01
Full Text Available The approximation of a function f∈C[a,b] by Bernstein polynomials is well-known. It is based on the binomial distribution. O. Szasz has shown that there are analogous approximations on the interval [0,∞ based on the Poisson distribution. Recently R. Mohapatra has generalized Szasz' result to the case in which the approximating function is αe−ux∑k=N∞(uxkα+β−1Γ(kα+βf(kαuThe present note shows that these results are special cases of a Tauberian theorem for certain infinite series having positive coefficients.
The fallacy of placing confidence in confidence intervals
Morey, Richard D.; Hoekstra, Rink; Rouder, Jeffrey N.; Lee, Michael D.; Wagenmakers, Eric-Jan
2016-01-01
Interval estimates – estimates of parameters that include an allowance for sampling uncertainty – have long been touted as a key component of statistical analyses. There are several kinds of interval estimates, but the most popular are confidence intervals (CIs): intervals that contain the true
The fallacy of placing confidence in confidence intervals
Morey, R.D.; Hoekstra, R.; Rouder, J.N.; Lee, M.D.; Wagenmakers, E.-J.
Interval estimates – estimates of parameters that include an allowance for sampling uncertainty – have long been touted as a key component of statistical analyses. There are several kinds of interval estimates, but the most popular are confidence intervals (CIs): intervals that contain the true
DYNAMIC OPTIMIZATION FOR UNCERTAIN STRUCTURES USING INTERVAL METHOD
Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)
ChertSub-A-; WuJie; LiuChun
2003-01-01
An interval optimization method for the dynamic response of structures with interval parameters is presented. The matrices of structures with interval parameters are given. Combining the interval extension with the perturbation, the method for interval dynamic response analysis is derived. The interval optimization problem is transformed into a corresponding deterministic one. Because the mean values and the uncertainties of the interval parameters can be elected design variables, more information of the optimization results can be obtained by the present method than that obtained by the deterministic one. The present method is implemented for a truss structure. The numerical results show that the method is effective.
Sensitivity analysis of soil parameters based on interval
Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)
无
2008-01-01
Interval analysis is a new uncertainty analysis method for engineering struc-tures. In this paper, a new sensitivity analysis method is presented by introducing interval analysis which can expand applications of the interval analysis method. The interval anal-ysis process of sensitivity factor matrix of soil parameters is given. A method of parameter intervals and decision-making target intervals is given according to the interval analysis method. With FEM, secondary developments are done for Marc and the Duncan-Chang nonlinear elastic model. Mutual transfer between FORTRAN and Marc is implemented. With practial examples, rationality and feasibility are validated. Comparison is made with some published results.
Prenatal care and subsequent birth intervals.
Teitler, Julien O; Das, Dhiman; Kruse, Lakota; Reichman, Nancy E
2012-03-01
Prenatal care generally includes contraceptive and health education that may help women to control their subsequent fertility. However, research has not examined whether receipt of prenatal care is associated with subsequent birthspacing. Longitudinally linked birth records from 113,662 New Jersey women who had had a first birth in 1996-2000 were used to examine associations between the timing and adequacy of prenatal care prior to a woman's first birth and the timing of her second birth. Multinomial logistic regression analyses adjusted for social and demographic characteristics, hospital and year of birth. Most women (85%) had initiated prenatal care during the first trimester. Women who had not obtained prenatal care until the second or third trimester, or at all, were more likely than those who had had first-trimester care to have a second child within 18 months, rather than in 18-59 months (odds ratios, 1.2-1.6). Similarly, women whose care had been inadequate were more likely than those who had had adequate care to have a short subsequent birth interval (1.2). The associations were robust to alternative measures of prenatal care and birth intervals, and were strongest for mothers with less than 16 years of education. Providers should capitalize on their limited encounters with mothers who initiate prenatal care late or use it sporadically to ensure that these women receive information about family planning. Copyright © 2012 by the Guttmacher Institute.
una experiencia de intervención
Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)
Cecilia Villarreal Montoya
2007-01-01
Full Text Available El artículo resume la experiencia de intervención con una familia de la escuela de Villa Esperanza de Pavas. Se trata de un matrimonio con dificultades para disciplinar a sus tres hijos varones de ocho, seis, y cuatro años. En primer lugar, se exponen los principios teóricos y metodológicos, para luego mostrar la aplicación de ellos en el proceso vivido por la familia. Se aplica el modelo de intervención estructural, que busca que la misma familia logre realizar, paso a paso, los cambios requeridos en la dinámica y estructura familiar. En la situación específica de esta familia, se observa el fortalecimiento de la pareja como tal y como madre y padre en la medida que van logrando asumir la autoridad en forma compartida para disciplinar a los hijos. Al compartir esta experiencia, la autora pretende estimular a profesionales en Orientación a asumir el reto de considerar a las familias de la comunidad estudiantil, de las instituciones educativas donde laboran, como parte importante en el quehacer orientador.
Sprint vs. interval training in football.
Ferrari Bravo, D; Impellizzeri, F M; Rampinini, E; Castagna, C; Bishop, D; Wisloff, U
2008-08-01
The aim of this study was to compare the effects of high-intensity aerobic interval and repeated-sprint ability (RSA) training on aerobic and anaerobic physiological variables in male football players. Forty-two participants were randomly assigned to either the interval training group (ITG, 4 x 4 min running at 90 - 95 % of HRmax; n = 21) or repeated-sprint training group (RSG, 3 x 6 maximal shuttle sprints of 40 m; n = 21). The following outcomes were measured at baseline and after 7 weeks of training: maximum oxygen uptake, respiratory compensation point, football-specific endurance (Yo-Yo Intermittent Recovery Test, YYIRT), 10-m sprint time, jump height and power, and RSA. Significant group x time interaction was found for YYIRT (p = 0.003) with RSG showing greater improvement (from 1917 +/- 439 to 2455 +/- 488 m) than ITG (from 1846 +/- 329 to 2077 +/- 300 m). Similarly, a significant interaction was found in RSA mean time (p = 0.006) with only the RSG group showing an improvement after training (from 7.53 +/- 0.21 to 7.37 +/- 0.17 s). No other group x time interactions were found. Significant pre-post changes were found for absolute and relative maximum oxygen uptake and respiratory compensation point (p RSA training protocol used in this study can be an effective training strategy for inducing aerobic and football-specific training adaptations.
Uncertainty in Interval Type-2 Fuzzy Systems
Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)
Sadegh Aminifar
2013-01-01
Full Text Available This paper studies uncertainty and its effect on system response displacement. The paper also describes how IT2MFs (interval type-2 membership functions differentiate from T1MFs (type-1 membership functions by adding uncertainty. The effect of uncertainty is modeled clearly by introducing a technique that describes how uncertainty causes membership degree reduction and changing the fuzzy word meanings in fuzzy logic controllers (FLCs. Several criteria are discussed for the measurement of the imbalance rate of internal uncertainty and its effect on system behavior. Uncertainty removal is introduced to observe the effect of uncertainty on the output. The theorem of uncertainty avoidance is presented for describing the role of uncertainty in interval type-2 fuzzy systems (IT2FSs. Another objective of this paper is to derive a novel uncertainty measure for IT2MFs with lower complexity and clearer presentation. Finally, for proving the affectivity of novel interpretation of uncertainty in IT2FSs, several investigations are done.
Serial binary interval ratios improve rhythm reproduction.
Wu, Xiang; Westanmo, Anders; Zhou, Liang; Pan, Junhao
2013-01-01
Musical rhythm perception is a natural human ability that involves complex cognitive processes. Rhythm refers to the organization of events in time, and musical rhythms have an underlying hierarchical metrical structure. The metrical structure induces the feeling of a beat and the extent to which a rhythm induces the feeling of a beat is referred to as its metrical strength. Binary ratios are the most frequent interval ratio in musical rhythms. Rhythms with hierarchical binary ratios are better discriminated and reproduced than rhythms with hierarchical non-binary ratios. However, it remains unclear whether a superiority of serial binary over non-binary ratios in rhythm perception and reproduction exists. In addition, how different types of serial ratios influence the metrical strength of rhythms remains to be elucidated. The present study investigated serial binary vs. non-binary ratios in a reproduction task. Rhythms formed with exclusively binary (1:2:4:8), non-binary integer (1:3:5:6), and non-integer (1:2.3:5.3:6.4) ratios were examined within a constant meter. The results showed that the 1:2:4:8 rhythm type was more accurately reproduced than the 1:3:5:6 and 1:2.3:5.3:6.4 rhythm types, and the 1:2.3:5.3:6.4 rhythm type was more accurately reproduced than the 1:3:5:6 rhythm type. Further analyses showed that reproduction performance was better predicted by the distribution pattern of event occurrences within an inter-beat interval, than by the coincidence of events with beats, or the magnitude and complexity of interval ratios. Whereas rhythm theories and empirical data emphasize the role of the coincidence of events with beats in determining metrical strength and predicting rhythm performance, the present results suggest that rhythm processing may be better understood when the distribution pattern of event occurrences is taken into account. These results provide new insights into the mechanisms underlining musical rhythm perception.
Serial binary interval ratios improve rhythm reproduction
Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)
Xiang eWu
2013-08-01
Full Text Available Musical rhythm perception is a natural human ability that involves complex cognitive processes. Rhythm refers to the organization of events in time, and musical rhythms have an underlying hierarchical metrical structure. The metrical structure induces the feeling of a beat and the extent to which a rhythm induces the feeling of a beat is referred to as its metrical strength. Binary ratios are the most frequent interval ratio in musical rhythms. Rhythms with hierarchical binary ratios are better discriminated and reproduced than rhythms with hierarchical non-binary ratios. However, it remains unclear whether a superiority of serial binary over non-binary ratios in rhythm perception and reproduction exists. In addition, how different types of serial ratios influence the metrical strength of rhythms remains to be elucidated. The present study investigated serial binary vs. non-binary ratios in a reproduction task. Rhythms formed with exclusively binary (1:2:4:8, non-binary integer (1:3:5:6, and non-integer (1:2.3:5.3:6.4 ratios were examined within a constant meter. The results showed that the 1:2:4:8 rhythm type was more accurately reproduced than the 1:3:5:6 and 1:2.3:5.3:6.4 rhythm types, and the 1:2.3:5.3:6.4 rhythm type was more accurately reproduced than the 1:3:5:6 rhythm type. Further analyses showed that reproduction performance was better predicted by the distribution pattern of event occurrences within an inter-beat interval, than by the coincidence of events with beats, or the magnitude and complexity of interval ratios. Whereas rhythm theories and empirical data emphasize the role of the coincidence of events with beats in determining metrical strength and predicting rhythm performance, the present results suggest that rhythm processing may be better understood when the distribution pattern of event occurrences is taken into account. These results provide new insights into the mechanisms underlining musical rhythm perception.
Wang, Chong; Qiu, Zhi-Ping
2014-04-01
A new numerical technique named interval finite difference method is proposed for the steady-state temperature field prediction with uncertainties in both physical parameters and boundary conditions. Interval variables are used to quantitatively describe the uncertain parameters with limited information. Based on different Taylor and Neumann series, two kinds of parameter perturbation methods are presented to approximately yield the ranges of the uncertain temperature field. By comparing the results with traditional Monte Carlo simulation, a numerical example is given to demonstrate the feasibility and effectiveness of the proposed method for solving steady-state heat conduction problem with uncertain-but-bounded parameters. [Figure not available: see fulltext.
Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)
Andrew Crossett
Full Text Available BACKGROUND: Improved genetic resolution and availability of sequenced genomes have made positional cloning of moderate-effect QTL realistic in several systems, emphasizing the need for precise and accurate derivation of positional confidence intervals (CIs for QTL. Support interval (SI methods based on the shape of the QTL likelihood curve have proven adequate for standard interval mapping, but have not been shown to be appropriate for use with composite interval mapping (CIM, which is one of the most commonly used QTL mapping methods. RESULTS: Based on a non-parametric confidence interval (NPCI method designed for use with the Haley-Knott regression method for mapping QTL, a CIM-specific method (CIM-NPCI was developed to appropriately account for the selection of background markers during analysis of bootstrap-resampled data sets. Coverage probabilities and interval widths resulting from use of the NPCI, SI, and CIM-NPCI methods were compared in a series of simulations analyzed via CIM, wherein four genetic effects were simulated in chromosomal regions with distinct marker densities while heritability was fixed at 0.6 for a population of 200 isolines. CIM-NPCIs consistently capture the simulated QTL across these conditions while slightly narrower SIs and NPCIs fail at unacceptably high rates, especially in genomic regions where marker density is high, which is increasingly common for real studies. The effects of a known CIM bias toward locating QTL peaks at markers were also investigated for each marker density case. Evaluation of sub-simulations that varied according to the positions of simulated effects relative to the nearest markers showed that the CIM-NPCI method overcomes this bias, offering an explanation for the improved coverage probabilities when marker densities are high. CONCLUSIONS: Extensive simulation studies herein demonstrate that the QTL confidence interval methods typically used to positionally evaluate CIM results can be
Measurable Maximal Energy and Minimal Time Interval
Dahab, Eiman Abou El
2014-01-01
The possibility of finding the measurable maximal energy and the minimal time interval is discussed in different quantum aspects. It is found that the linear generalized uncertainty principle (GUP) approach gives a non-physical result. Based on large scale Schwarzshild solution, the quadratic GUP approach is utilized. The calculations are performed at the shortest distance, at which the general relativity is assumed to be a good approximation for the quantum gravity and at larger distances, as well. It is found that both maximal energy and minimal time have the order of the Planck time. Then, the uncertainties in both quantities are accordingly bounded. Some physical insights are addressed. Also, the implications on the physics of early Universe and on quantized mass are outlined. The results are related to the existence of finite cosmological constant and minimum mass (mass quanta).
On the concept of optimality interval
Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)
Lluís Bibiloni
2002-01-01
best approximations to the numbers they converge to in two ways known as the first and the second kind. This property of continued fractions provides a solution to Gosper's problem of the batting average: if the batting average of a baseball player is 0.334, what is the minimum number of times he has been at bat? In this paper, we tackle somehow the inverse question: given a rational number P/Q, what is the set of all numbers for which P/Q is a best approximation of one or the other kind? We prove that in both cases these optimality sets are intervals and we give a precise description of their endpoints.
Multifactorial QT Interval Prolongation and Takotsubo Cardiomyopathy
Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)
Michael Gysel
2014-01-01
Full Text Available A 71-year-old woman collapsed while working as a grocery store cashier. CPR was performed and an AED revealed torsades de pointes (TdP. She was subsequently defibrillated resulting in restoration of sinus rhythm with a QTc interval of 544 msec. Further evaluation revealed a diagnosis of Takotsubo Cardiomyopathy (TCM contributing to the development of a multifactorial acquired long QT syndrome (LQTS. The case highlights the role of TCM as a cause of LQTS in the setting of multiple risk factors including old age, female gender, hypokalemia, and treatment with QT prolonging medications. It also highlights the multifactorial nature of acquired LQTS and lends support to growing evidence of an association with TCM.
Confidence intervals for annual wind power production******
Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)
Bensoussan Alain
2014-01-01
Full Text Available Wind power is an intermittent resource due to wind speed intermittency. However wind speed can be described as a stochastic process with short memory. This allows us to derive a central limit theorem for the annual or pluri-annual wind power production and then get quantiles of the wind power production for one, ten or twenty years future periods. On the one hand, the interquantile spread offers a measurement of the intrinsic uncertainties of wind power production. On the other hand, different quantiles with different periods of time are used by financial institutions to quantify the financial risk of the wind turbine. Our method is then applied to real datasets corresponding to a French wind turbine. Since confidence intervals can be enhanced by taking into account seasonality, we present some tools for change point analysis on wind series.
Setting confidence intervals in coincidence search analysis
Baggio, L; Baggio, Lucio; Prodi, Giovanni A.
2003-01-01
The main technique that has been used to estimate the rate of gravitational wave (gw) bursts is to search for coincidence among times of arrival of candidate events in different detectors. Coincidences are modeled as a (possibly non-stationary) random time series background with gw events embedded in it, at random times but constant average rate. It is critical to test whether the statistics of the coincidence counts is Poisson, because the counts in a single detector often are not. At some point a number of parameters are tuned to increase the chance of detection by reducing the expected background: source direction, epoch vetoes based on sensitivity, goodness-of-fit thresholds, etc. Therefore, the significance of the confidence intervals itself has to be renormalized. This review is an insight of the state-of-the-art methods employed in the recent search performed by the International Gravitational Event Collaboration for the worldwide network of resonant bar detectors.
Fusing photovoltaic data for improved confidence intervals
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Ansgar Steland
2017-01-01
Full Text Available Characterizing and testing photovoltaic modules requires carefully made measurements on important variables such as the power output under standard conditions. When additional data is available, which has been collected using a different measurement system and therefore may be of different accuracy, the question arises how one can combine the information present in both data sets. In some cases one even has prior knowledge about the ordering of the variances of the measurement errors, which is not fully taken into account by commonly known estimators. We discuss several statistical estimators to combine the sample means of independent series of measurements, both under the assumption of heterogeneous variances and ordered variances. The critical issue is then to assess the estimator’s variance and to construct confidence intervals. We propose and discuss the application of a new jackknife variance estimator devised by [1] to such photovoltaic data, in order to assess the variability of common mean estimation under heterogeneous and ordered variances in a reliable and nonparametric way. When serial correlations are present, which usually a ect the marginal variances, it is proposed to construct a thinned data set by downsampling the series in such a way that autocorrelations are removed or dampened. We propose a data adaptive procedure which downsamples a series at irregularly spaced time points in such a way that the autocorrelations are minimized. The procedures are illustrated by applying them to real photovoltaic power output measurements from two different sun light flashers. In addition, focusing on simulations governed by real photovoltaic data, we investigate the accuracy of the jackknife approach and compare it with other approaches. Among those is a variance estimator based on Nair’s formula for Gaussian data and, as a parametric alternative, two Bayesian models. We investigate the statistical accuracy of the resulting confidence
Modal interval analysis new tools for numerical information
Sainz, Miguel A; Calm, Remei; Herrero, Pau; Jorba, Lambert; Vehi, Josep
2014-01-01
This book presents an innovative new approach to interval analysis. Modal Interval Analysis (MIA) is an attempt to go beyond the limitations of classic intervals in terms of their structural, algebraic and logical features. The starting point of MIA is quite simple: It consists in defining a modal interval that attaches a quantifier to a classical interval and in introducing the basic relation of inclusion between modal intervals by means of the inclusion of the sets of predicates they accept. This modal approach introduces interval extensions of the real continuous functions, identifies equivalences between logical formulas and interval inclusions, and provides the semantic theorems that justify these equivalences, along with guidelines for arriving at these inclusions. Applications of these equivalences in different areas illustrate the obtained results. The book also presents a new interval object: marks, which aspire to be a new form of numerical treatment of errors in measurements and computations.
Confidence Intervals from Normalized Data: A correction to Cousineau (2005
Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)
Richard D. Morey
2008-09-01
Full Text Available Presenting confidence intervals around means is a common method of expressing uncertainty in data. Loftus and Masson (1994 describe confidence intervals for means in within-subjects designs. These confidence intervals are based on the ANOVA mean squared error. Cousineau (2005 presents an alternative to the Loftus and Masson method, but his method produces confidence intervals that are smaller than those of Loftus and Masson. I show why this is the case and offer a simple correction that makes the expected size of Cousineau confidence intervals the same as that of Loftus and Masson confidence intervals.
Wood, Kimberly M; Olive, Brittany; LaValle, Kaylyn; Thompson, Heather; Greer, Kevin; Astorino, Todd A
2016-01-01
High-intensity interval training (HIIT) and sprint interval training (SIT) elicit similar cardiovascular and metabolic adaptations vs. endurance training. No study, however, has investigated acute physiological changes during HIIT vs. SIT. This study compared acute changes in heart rate (HR), blood lactate concentration (BLa), oxygen uptake (VO2), affect, and rating of perceived exertion (RPE) during HIIT and SIT. Active adults (4 women and 8 men, age = 24.2 ± 6.2 years) initially performed a VO2max test to determine workload for both sessions on the cycle ergometer, whose order was randomized. Sprint interval training consisted of 8 bouts of 30 seconds of all-out cycling at 130% of maximum Watts (Wmax). High-intensity interval training consisted of eight 60-second bouts at 85% Wmax. Heart rate, VO2, BLa, affect, and RPE were continuously assessed throughout exercise. Repeated-measures analysis of variance revealed a significant difference between HIIT and SIT for VO2 (p HIIT (209.3 ± 40.3 kcal) vs. SIT (193.5 ± 39.6 kcal). During HIIT, subjects burned significantly more calories and reported lower perceived exertion than SIT. The higher VO2 and lower BLa in HIIT vs. SIT reflected dissimilar metabolic perturbation between regimens, which may elicit unique long-term adaptations. If an individual is seeking to burn slightly more calories, maintain a higher oxygen uptake, and perceive less exertion during exercise, HIIT is the recommended routine.
Hoekstra, Rink; Johnson, Addie; Kiers, Henk A. L.
2012-01-01
The use of confidence intervals (CIs) as an addition or as an alternative to null hypothesis significance testing (NHST) has been promoted as a means to make researchers more aware of the uncertainty that is inherent in statistical inference. Little is known, however, about whether presenting result
Interview with Karli Luik from Salto / intervjueerinud Eero Epner
Luik, Karli, 1977-
2011-01-01
2004. a. loodud arhitektuuribüroost Salto. Büroo kavandatud hoonete arhitektuurist, selle omapärast, ühiskondlike hoonete suurest osakaalust, arvestamisest keskkonnaga, Eesti varasema arhitektuuri mõjust, büroo hetkeseisust ja tulevikuplaanidest
Salto! / Karli Luik, Maarja Kask, Ralf Lõoke ; intervjueerinud Margit Mutso
Luik, Karli, 1977-
2011-01-01
Eesti Kultuurkapitali 2010. a. arhitektuuri peapreemia pälvis AB Salto Eesti Maanteemuuseumi väliala ja Sõmeru keskusehoone lahenduse eest. Büroo arhitektid oma büroost, osalemiset arhitektuurivõistlustel, valminud ja käsilolevatest töödest. Valik AB Salto arhitektuurikonkursil pälvitud jt. preemiatest
Palvetaks õige president Bushi eest? / Hans H. Luik
Luik, Hans H., 1961-
2008-01-01
USA kohtus pole arutusele võetud ühtegi 2001. aasta 11. septembril hukkunute lähedaste hagi. Kui kohus hakkaks asja sisuliselt arutama, peaks valitsus esitama tõendeid, mida katastroofi kohta on kogutud. Muuhulgas on juttu ka artikli autori nelja aasta tagusest kihlveost Toomas Hendrik Ilvesega, kes oli tollal Euroopa Parlamendi väliskomisjoni aseesimees. T. H. Ilves vedas kihla, et suudab leida liikuva pildi või foto sellest, kuidas Boeing 757 sõidab 11. septembril 2001 sisse USA sõjaministeeriumi hoonesse, kuid kaotas kihlveo
Möödavaatamine viib streigini / Iivi Luik
Luik, Iivi, 1950-
2007-01-01
Ilmunud ka: Virumaa Teataja, 9. jaan. 2007, lk. 11; Tartu Postimees, 10. jaan. 2007, lk. 2; Sakala, 10. jaan. 2007, lk. 2; Valgamaalane, 11. jaan. 2007, lk. 2; Võrumaa Teataja, 11. jaan. 2007, lk. 2; Koit, 11. jaan. 2007, lk. 6. Eesti keskastme tervishoiutöötajate kutseliidu asepresident põhjendab meditsiinitöötajate tööseisakut
Tuuli Vahtra võitis veenvalt / Madis Luik
Luik, Madis, 1971-
2005-01-01
7. veebruaril Viljandis peetud Eesti alla 16-aastaste malemeistrivõistlustel võitis tütarlaste turniiril Viljandi Maleseltsi mängija Tuuli Vahtra ja noormeestest Aleksander Volodin spordiklubist Diagonaal
Palvetaks õige president Bushi eest? / Hans H. Luik
Luik, Hans H., 1961-
2008-01-01
USA kohtus pole arutusele võetud ühtegi 2001. aasta 11. septembril hukkunute lähedaste hagi. Kui kohus hakkaks asja sisuliselt arutama, peaks valitsus esitama tõendeid, mida katastroofi kohta on kogutud. Muuhulgas on juttu ka artikli autori nelja aasta tagusest kihlveost Toomas Hendrik Ilvesega, kes oli tollal Euroopa Parlamendi väliskomisjoni aseesimees. T. H. Ilves vedas kihla, et suudab leida liikuva pildi või foto sellest, kuidas Boeing 757 sõidab 11. septembril 2001 sisse USA sõjaministeeriumi hoonesse, kuid kaotas kihlveo
Salto! / Karli Luik, Maarja Kask, Ralf Lõoke ; intervjueerinud Margit Mutso
Luik, Karli, 1977-
2011-01-01
Eesti Kultuurkapitali 2010. a. arhitektuuri peapreemia pälvis AB Salto Eesti Maanteemuuseumi väliala ja Sõmeru keskusehoone lahenduse eest. Büroo arhitektid oma büroost, osalemiset arhitektuurivõistlustel, valminud ja käsilolevatest töödest. Valik AB Salto arhitektuurikonkursil pälvitud jt. preemiatest
Interview with Karli Luik from Salto / intervjueerinud Eero Epner
Luik, Karli, 1977-
2011-01-01
2004. a. loodud arhitektuuribüroost Salto. Büroo kavandatud hoonete arhitektuurist, selle omapärast, ühiskondlike hoonete suurest osakaalust, arvestamisest keskkonnaga, Eesti varasema arhitektuuri mõjust, büroo hetkeseisust ja tulevikuplaanidest
Must Luik tõuseb varjusurmast / Urmas Tooming
Tooming, Urmas, 1954-
2010-01-01
Tallinnasse Kadriorgu endise Musta Luige kohviku kinnistule ehitatakse Enn Rajasaare (JVR Arhitektuuribüroo) projekteeritud elu- ja ärihoone, mis valmib 2011. aasta suveks. Restaureerimisfirma Kuukaar taastab kõrvalkrundil asuva villa Mon Repos
Steve Jobs, Ameerika Hans H. Luik / Kertu Ruus
Ruus, Kertu, 1977-
2007-01-01
Autor võrdleb Apple'i asutajat ja juhti Steve Jobsi Eesti meediaärimehe Hans H. Luigega. Vt. samas: Jobs: ärge raisake aega teiste elu elamisele; Forbes: iPhone'ist saab Apple'i suur hitt; CV: Steven Paul Jobs. Diagramm: Apple'i aktsia
Rulasõidu evolutsioon linnadžunglis / Ats Luik
Luik, Ats
2011-01-01
2.- 4. veebr. kinos Artis toimuvast Simpel Session 11 rula- ja rattafilmide festivalist. 3. veebruaril saab näha Coan Nicholsi ja Rick Charnoski filmi "Deathbowl to Downtown - The Evolution of Skateboarding in New York City" (USA 2010)
Ronald Reagan ja Eesti iseseisvus / Jüri Luik
Luik, Jüri, 1966-
2004-01-01
Eesti suursaadik USA-s kinnitab, et USA ekspresident Ronald Reagan äratas idablokis inimeste moraalse ja vaimse jõu, hävitas hirmu ning Eesti võlgneb talle huku äärelt pääsemise. Reagani revolutsioonilisest jõust nii sise- kui välispoliitikas, kommunismivastasusest ja NSVL-i vaimsest purustamisest
Ronald Reagan ja Eesti iseseisvus / Jüri Luik
Luik, Jüri, 1966-
2004-01-01
Eesti suursaadik USA-s kinnitab, et USA ekspresident Ronald Reagan äratas idablokis inimeste moraalse ja vaimse jõu, hävitas hirmu ning Eesti võlgneb talle huku äärelt pääsemise. Reagani revolutsioonilisest jõust nii sise- kui välispoliitikas, kommunismivastasusest ja NSVL-i vaimsest purustamisest
Suurkogu ja Suurmõmmik / Hans H. Luik
Luik, Hans H., 1961-
2011-01-01
Mart Laar on IRL-i juhatuses pigem Res Publica pantvang, sümbol valijate jaoks. Autori hinnangul võib Mart Laar, nähes, et tal tuleval aastal IRLi suurkogul šanssi ei ole, ühineda ehk ka ise endiste Isamaaliidu juhatuse liikmetega
Rulasõidu evolutsioon linnadžunglis / Ats Luik
Luik, Ats
2011-01-01
2.- 4. veebr. kinos Artis toimuvast Simpel Session 11 rula- ja rattafilmide festivalist. 3. veebruaril saab näha Coan Nicholsi ja Rick Charnoski filmi "Deathbowl to Downtown - The Evolution of Skateboarding in New York City" (USA 2010)
Steve Jobs, Ameerika Hans H. Luik / Kertu Ruus
Ruus, Kertu, 1977-
2007-01-01
Autor võrdleb Apple'i asutajat ja juhti Steve Jobsi Eesti meediaärimehe Hans H. Luigega. Vt. samas: Jobs: ärge raisake aega teiste elu elamisele; Forbes: iPhone'ist saab Apple'i suur hitt; CV: Steven Paul Jobs. Diagramm: Apple'i aktsia
Statistics with confidence confidence intervals and statistical guidelines
Altman, Douglas; Bryant, Trevor; Gardner, Stephen
2013-01-01
This highly popular introduction to confidence intervals has been thoroughly updated and expanded. It includes methods for using confidence intervals, with illustrative worked examples and extensive guidelines and checklists to help the novice.
Risk prediction of cardiovascular death based on the QTc interval
DEFF Research Database (Denmark)
Nielsen, Jonas B; Graff, Claus; Rasmussen, Peter V
2014-01-01
.1 years, 6647 persons died from cardiovascular causes. Long-term risks of CVD were estimated for subgroups defined by age, gender, cardiovascular disease, and QTc interval categories. In general, we observed an increased risk of CVD for both very short and long QTc intervals. Prolongation of the QTc......AIMS: Using a large, contemporary primary care population we aimed to provide absolute long-term risks of cardiovascular death (CVD) based on the QTc interval and to test whether the QTc interval is of value in risk prediction of CVD on an individual level. METHODS AND RESULTS: Digital...... interval resulted in the worst prognosis for men whereas in women, a very short QTc interval was equivalent in risk to a borderline prolonged QTc interval. The effect of the QTc interval on the absolute risk of CVD was most pronounced in the elderly and in those with cardiovascular disease whereas...
RCPAQAP First Combined Measurement and Reference Interval Survey.
Jones, Graham Rd; Koetsier, Sabrina DA
2014-11-01
Reference intervals are commonly considered to allow for between-laboratory bias. The RCPAQAP Liquid Serum Chemistry Program has collected data on laboratory measurements as well as reference intervals. This allows assessment of the between-laboratory variation in results, reference intervals and the information transmitted by the combination of these factors. For the majority of common chemistry analytes, the between-laboratory variation in reference intervals is greater than the variation in results. Additionally the reference interval variation is generally not related to bias between the results. Use of common reference intervals, either as an average of the current intervals in use, or the intervals proposed by the AACB Harmonisation Group, improved the variation seen in the information produced by different laboratories.
Determination of a reference interval in a population.
Mave, Vidya; Kulkarni, Vandana; Bharadwaj, Renu; Khandekar, Medha; Gupta, Amita; Gupte, Nikhil
2012-01-01
The reference interval is the most widely used medical decision-making tool that separates healthy from diseased individuals. We briefly discuss the methods used to determine reference interval and its limitations.
Technical Note: Methods for interval constrained atmospheric inversion of methane
Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)
J. Tang
2010-08-01
Full Text Available Three interval constrained methods, including the interval constrained Kalman smoother, the interval constrained maximum likelihood ensemble smoother and the interval constrained ensemble Kalman smoother are developed to conduct inversions of atmospheric trace gas methane (CH_{4}. The negative values of fluxes in an unconstrained inversion are avoided in the constrained inversion. In a multi-year inversion experiment using pseudo observations derived from a forward transport simulation with known fluxes, the interval constrained fixed-lag Kalman smoother presents the best results, followed by the interval constrained fixed-lag ensemble Kalman smoother and the interval constrained maximum likelihood ensemble Kalman smoother. Consistent uncertainties are obtained for the posterior fluxes with these three methods. This study provides alternatives of the variable transform method to deal with interval constraints in atmospheric inversions.
Effect of anthracyclines and isoflurane on QTc interval
Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)
A. Venugopal
2014-01-01
Conclusions: Anthracycline chemotherapy can produce significant prolongation of QTc interval. In addition, use of 0.5% end tidal concentration of isoflurane can further augment the QTc interval significantly.
Numerical calculation of economic uncertainty by intervals and fuzzy numbers
DEFF Research Database (Denmark)
Schjær-Jacobsen, Hans
2010-01-01
This paper emphasizes that numerically correct calculation of economic uncertainty with intervals and fuzzy numbers requires implementation of global optimization techniques in contrast to straightforward application of interval arithmetic. This is demonstrated by both a simple case from managerial...
On the Confidence Interval for the parameter of Poisson Distribution
Bityukov, S I; Taperechkina, V A
2000-01-01
In present paper the possibility of construction of continuous analogue of Poisson distribution with the search of bounds of confidence intervals for parameter of Poisson distribution is discussed and the results of numerical construction of confidence intervals are presented.
Function approximation using adaptive and overlapping intervals
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Patil, R.B.
1995-05-01
A problem common to many disciplines is to approximate a function given only the values of the function at various points in input variable space. A method is proposed for approximating a function of several to one variable. The model takes the form of weighted averaging of overlapping basis functions defined over intervals. The number of such basis functions and their parameters (widths and centers) are automatically determined using given training data and a learning algorithm. The proposed algorithm can be seen as placing a nonuniform multidimensional grid in the input domain with overlapping cells. The non-uniformity and overlap of the cells is achieved by a learning algorithm to optimize a given objective function. This approach is motivated by the fuzzy modeling approach and a learning algorithms used for clustering and classification in pattern recognition. The basics of why and how the approach works are given. Few examples of nonlinear regression and classification are modeled. The relationship between the proposed technique, radial basis neural networks, kernel regression, probabilistic neural networks, and fuzzy modeling is explained. Finally advantages and disadvantages are discussed.
Statistical coding and decoding of heartbeat intervals.
Lucena, Fausto; Barros, Allan Kardec; Príncipe, José C; Ohnishi, Noboru
2011-01-01
The heart integrates neuroregulatory messages into specific bands of frequency, such that the overall amplitude spectrum of the cardiac output reflects the variations of the autonomic nervous system. This modulatory mechanism seems to be well adjusted to the unpredictability of the cardiac demand, maintaining a proper cardiac regulation. A longstanding theory holds that biological organisms facing an ever-changing environment are likely to evolve adaptive mechanisms to extract essential features in order to adjust their behavior. The key question, however, has been to understand how the neural circuitry self-organizes these feature detectors to select behaviorally relevant information. Previous studies in computational perception suggest that a neural population enhances information that is important for survival by minimizing the statistical redundancy of the stimuli. Herein we investigate whether the cardiac system makes use of a redundancy reduction strategy to regulate the cardiac rhythm. Based on a network of neural filters optimized to code heartbeat intervals, we learn a population code that maximizes the information across the neural ensemble. The emerging population code displays filter tuning proprieties whose characteristics explain diverse aspects of the autonomic cardiac regulation, such as the compromise between fast and slow cardiac responses. We show that the filters yield responses that are quantitatively similar to observed heart rate responses during direct sympathetic or parasympathetic nerve stimulation. Our findings suggest that the heart decodes autonomic stimuli according to information theory principles analogous to how perceptual cues are encoded by sensory systems.
Statistical coding and decoding of heartbeat intervals.
Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)
Fausto Lucena
Full Text Available The heart integrates neuroregulatory messages into specific bands of frequency, such that the overall amplitude spectrum of the cardiac output reflects the variations of the autonomic nervous system. This modulatory mechanism seems to be well adjusted to the unpredictability of the cardiac demand, maintaining a proper cardiac regulation. A longstanding theory holds that biological organisms facing an ever-changing environment are likely to evolve adaptive mechanisms to extract essential features in order to adjust their behavior. The key question, however, has been to understand how the neural circuitry self-organizes these feature detectors to select behaviorally relevant information. Previous studies in computational perception suggest that a neural population enhances information that is important for survival by minimizing the statistical redundancy of the stimuli. Herein we investigate whether the cardiac system makes use of a redundancy reduction strategy to regulate the cardiac rhythm. Based on a network of neural filters optimized to code heartbeat intervals, we learn a population code that maximizes the information across the neural ensemble. The emerging population code displays filter tuning proprieties whose characteristics explain diverse aspects of the autonomic cardiac regulation, such as the compromise between fast and slow cardiac responses. We show that the filters yield responses that are quantitatively similar to observed heart rate responses during direct sympathetic or parasympathetic nerve stimulation. Our findings suggest that the heart decodes autonomic stimuli according to information theory principles analogous to how perceptual cues are encoded by sensory systems.
Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)
Lina María Parada Muñoz
2006-01-01
Full Text Available Los problemas de fertilidad y concepción han sido tratados habitualmente en sus dimensiones biomédicas. Sin embargo, estos problemas reclaman cada día mayor intervención de equipos interdisciplinarios que permitan una atención integral, pues la imposibilidad de concepción no sólo está asociada a limitaciones biofísicas. Este artículo se desarrolla en torno a tres cuestiones: la primera, sobre la infertilidad, su dimensión biomédica y las aproximaciones que ha propuesto la Psicología para comprender las implicaciones de este fenómeno; la segunda, sobre la pareja, resaltando las posturas orientadas a discernir su naturaleza, sus formas de funcionamiento y las condiciones que las mueven al cambio; la tercera, relacionada con la narrativa como posibilidad para comprender e interpretar los fenómenos clínicos, entre ellos, las experiencias de las parejas en procesos de fertilidad asistida.
Distributions of order patterns of interval maps
Abrams, Aaron; Landau, Henry; Landau, Zeph; Pommersheim, James
2010-01-01
A permutation $\\sigma$ describing the relative orders of the first $n$ iterates of a point $x$ under a self-map $f$ of the interval $I=[0,1]$ is called an \\emph{order pattern}. For fixed $f$ and $n$, measuring the points $x\\in I$ (according to Lebesgue measure) that generate the order pattern $\\sigma$ gives a probability distribution $\\mu_n(f)$ on the set of length $n$ permutations. We study the distributions that arise this way for various classes of functions $f$. Our main results treat the class of measure preserving functions. We obtain an exact description of the set of realizable distributions in this case: for each $n$ this set is a union of open faces of the polytope of flows on a certain digraph, and a simple combinatorial criterion determines which faces are included. We also show that for general $f$, apart from an obvious compatibility condition, there is no restriction on the sequence $\\{\\mu_n(f)\\}$ for $n=1,2,...$. In addition, we give a necessary condition for $f$ to have \\emph{finite exclusion...
An Interval-valued Fuzzy Competitive Neural Network
Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)
DENG Guan-nan; ZOU Kai-qi
2006-01-01
Because interval value is quite natural in clustering, an interval-valued fuzzy competitive neural network is proposed. Firstly, this paper proposes several definitions of distance relating to interval number. And then, it indicates the method of preprocessing input data, the structure of the network and the learning algorithm of the interval-valued fuzzy competitive neural network. This paper also analyses the principle of the learning algorithm. At last, an experiment is used to test the validity of the network.
Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)
Yoshitaka eNakajima
2014-05-01
Full Text Available When the onsets of three successive sound bursts mark two adjacent time intervals, the second time interval can be underestimated when it is physically longer than the first time interval by up to 100 ms. This illusion, time-shrinking, is very stable when the first time interval is 200 ms or shorter (Nakajima et al., 2004, Perception, 33. Time-shrinking had been considered a kind of perceptual assimilation to make the first and the second time interval more similar to each other. Here we investigated whether the underestimation of the second time interval was replaced by an overestimation if the physical difference between the neighboring time intervals was too large for the assimilation to take place; this was a typical situation in which a perceptual contrast could be expected. Three experiments to measure the overestimation/underestimation of the second time interval by the method of adjustment were conducted. The first time interval was varied from 40 to 280 ms, and such overestimations indeed took place when the first time interval was 80-280 ms. The overestimations were robust when the second time interval was longer than the first time interval by 240 ms or more, and the magnitude of the overestimation was larger than 100 ms in some conditions. Thus, a perceptual contrast to replace time-shrinking was established. An additional experiment indicated that this contrast did not affect the perception of the first time interval substantially: The contrast in the present conditions seemed unilateral.
Assessing QT Interval Prolongation and its Associated Risks with Antipsychotics
DEFF Research Database (Denmark)
Nielsen, Jimmi; Graff, Claus; Kanters, Jørgen K.
2011-01-01
markers for TdP have been developed but none of them is clinically implemented yet and QT interval prolongation is still considered the most valid surrogate marker. Although automated QT interval determination may offer some assistance, QT interval determination is best performed by a cardiologist skilled...
Coverage Accuracy of Confidence Intervals in Nonparametric Regression
Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)
Song-xi Chen; Yong-song Qin
2003-01-01
Point-wise confidence intervals for a nonparametric regression function with random design points are considered. The confidence intervals are those based on the traditional normal approximation and the empirical likelihood. Their coverage accuracy is assessed by developing the Edgeworth expansions for the coverage probabilities. It is shown that the empirical likelihood confidence intervals are Bartlett correctable.
Assessing QT interval prolongation and its associated risks with antipsychotics
DEFF Research Database (Denmark)
Nielsen, Jimmi; Graff, Claus; Kanters, Jørgen K.
2011-01-01
markers for TdP have been developed but none of them is clinically implemented yet and QT interval prolongation is still considered the most valid surrogate marker. Although automated QT interval determination may offer some assistance, QT interval determination is best performed by a cardiologist skilled...
The Gauss map on a class of interval translation mappings
Bruin, H; Troubetzkoy, S
2003-01-01
We study the dynamics of a class of interval translation map on three intervals. We show that in this class the typical ITM is of finite type (reduce to an interval exchange transformation) and that the complement contains a Cantor set. We relate our maps to substitution subshifts. Results on
Clustering and classification of music using interval categories
Honingh, A.; Bod, R.
2011-01-01
We present a novel approach to clustering and classification of music, based on the concept of interval categories. Six interval categories exist, each with its own musical character. A piece of music can be represented by six numbers, reflecting the percentages of occurrences of each interval categ
Lõoke, Ralf, 1978-
2010-01-01
Arhitektuurivõistlustel edukalt esinenud büroo Salto arhitektid buumiajast, kui tööd oli meeletult palju, tööde skaalast, reisimisest, oma tööst ja meeskonnatööst, konkurssidel osalemisest, projektist "Gaasitoru", Tallinnast, unistuste kodust. Konkursivõite 2004-2009
Lõoke, Ralf, 1978-
2010-01-01
Arhitektuurivõistlustel edukalt esinenud büroo Salto arhitektid buumiajast, kui tööd oli meeletult palju, tööde skaalast, reisimisest, oma tööst ja meeskonnatööst, konkurssidel osalemisest, projektist "Gaasitoru", Tallinnast, unistuste kodust. Konkursivõite 2004-2009
Exponential sums over primes in short intervals
Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)
LIU; Jianya
2006-01-01
[1]Vinogradov,I.M.,Estimation of certain trigonometric sums with prime variables,Izv.Acad.Nauk.SSSR,1939,3:371-398.[2]Zhan,T.,On the representation of large odd integer as a sum of three almost equal primes,Acta Math.Sin.,1991,7:259-272.[3]Ren,X.M.,On exponential sums over primes and application in the Waring-Goldbach problem,Sci.China,Ser.A-Math.,2005,48(6):785-797.[4]Liu,J.Y.,Wooley,T.D.,Yu,G.,The quadratic Waring-Goldbach problem,J.Number Theory,2004,107:298-321.[5]Hua,L.K.,Some results in the additive prime number theory,Quart.J.Math.(Oxford),1938,9:68-80.[6]Liu,J.Y.,Zhan,T.,On sums of five almost equal prime squares,Acta Arith.,1996,77:369-383.[7]Bauer,C.,A note on sums of five almost equal prime squares,Arch.Math,1997,69:20-30.[8]Liu,J.Y.,Zhan,T.,Sums of five almost equal prime squares,Science in China,Ser.A,1998,41:710-722.[9]Liu,J.Y.,Zhan,T.,Hua's theorem on prime squares in short intervals,Acta Math.Sin.,2000,16:1-22.[10]Bauer,C.,Sums of five almost equal prime squares,Acta Math.Sin.,2005,21(4):833-840.[11]Lü,G.S.,Hua's Theorem with five almost equal prime variables,Chin.Ann.Math.,Ser.B,2005,26(2):291-304.[12]Vinogradov,I.M.,Elements of Number Theory,Dover Publications,1954.[13]Titchmarsh,E.C.,The Theory of the Riemann Zeta-function,2nd ed.,Oxford:Oxford University Press,1986.
RR-Interval variance of electrocardiogram for atrial fibrillation detection
Nuryani, N.; Solikhah, M.; Nugoho, A. S.; Afdala, A.; Anzihory, E.
2016-11-01
Atrial fibrillation is a serious heart problem originated from the upper chamber of the heart. The common indication of atrial fibrillation is irregularity of R peak-to-R-peak time interval, which is shortly called RR interval. The irregularity could be represented using variance or spread of RR interval. This article presents a system to detect atrial fibrillation using variances. Using clinical data of patients with atrial fibrillation attack, it is shown that the variance of electrocardiographic RR interval are higher during atrial fibrillation, compared to the normal one. Utilizing a simple detection technique and variances of RR intervals, we find a good performance of atrial fibrillation detection.
Volatility return intervals analysis of the Japanese market
Jung, W.-S.; Wang, F. Z.; Havlin, S.; Kaizoji, T.; Moon, H.-T.; Stanley, H. E.
2008-03-01
We investigate scaling and memory effects in return intervals between price volatilities above a certain threshold q for the Japanese stock market using daily and intraday data sets. We find that the distribution of return intervals can be approximated by a scaling function that depends only on the ratio between the return interval τ and its mean . We also find memory effects such that a large (or small) return interval follows a large (or small) interval by investigating the conditional distribution and mean return interval. The results are similar to previous studies of other markets and indicate that similar statistical features appear in different financial markets. We also compare our results between the period before and after the big crash at the end of 1989. We find that scaling and memory effects of the return intervals show similar features although the statistical properties of the returns are different.
Learning about confidence intervals with software R
Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)
Gariela Gonçalves
2013-08-01
Full Text Available 0 0 1 202 1111 USAL 9 2 1311 14.0 Normal 0 21 false false false ES JA X-NONE /* Style Definitions */ table.MsoNormalTable {mso-style-name:"Tabla normal"; mso-tstyle-rowband-size:0; mso-tstyle-colband-size:0; mso-style-noshow:yes; mso-style-priority:99; mso-style-parent:""; mso-padding-alt:0cm 5.4pt 0cm 5.4pt; mso-para-margin-top:0cm; mso-para-margin-right:0cm; mso-para-margin-bottom:10.0pt; mso-para-margin-left:0cm; line-height:115%; mso-pagination:widow-orphan; font-size:11.0pt; font-family:Calibri; mso-ascii-font-family:Calibri; mso-ascii-theme-font:minor-latin; mso-hansi-font-family:Calibri; mso-hansi-theme-font:minor-latin; mso-ansi-language:ES; mso-fareast-language:EN-US;} This work was to study the feasibility of implementing a teaching method that employs software, in a Computational Mathematics course, involving students and teachers through the use of the statistical software R in carrying out practical work, such as strengthening the traditional teaching. The statistical inference, namely the determination of confidence intervals, was the content selected for this experience. It was intended show, first of all, that it is possible to promote, through the proposal methodology, the acquisition of basic skills in statistical inference and to promote the positive relationships between teachers and students. It presents also a comparative study between the methodologies used and their quantitative and qualitative results on two consecutive school years, in several indicators. The data used in the study were obtained from the students to the exam questions in the years 2010/2011 and 2011/2012, from the achievement of a working group in 2011/2012 and via the responses to a questionnaire (optional and anonymous also applied in 2011 / 2012. In terms of results, we emphasize a better performance of students in the examination questions in 2011/2012, the year that students used the software R, and a very favorable student’s perspective about
Hebisz, Rafal; Hebisz, Paulina; Borkowski, Jacek; Zatoń, Marek
2016-04-01
The aim of this study was to determine differences in glycolytic metabolite concentrations and work output in response to an all-out interval training session in 23 cyclists with at least 2 years of interval training experience (E) and those inexperienced (IE) in this form of training. The intervention involved subsequent sets of maximal intensity exercise on a cycle ergometer. Each set comprised four 30 s repetitions interspersed with 90 s recovery periods; sets were repeated when blood pH returned to 7.3. Measurements of post-exercise hydrogen (H+) and lactate ion (LA-) concentrations and work output were taken. The experienced cyclists performed significantly more sets of maximal efforts than the inexperienced athletes (5.8 ± 1.2 vs. 4.3 ± 0.9 sets, respectively). Work output decreased in each subsequent set in the IE group and only in the last set in the E group. Distribution of power output changed only in the E group; power decreased in the initial repetitions of set only to increase in the final repetitions. H+ concentration decreased in the third, penultimate, and last sets in the E group and in each subsequent set in the IE group. LA- decreased in the last set in both groups. In conclusion, the experienced cyclists were able to repeatedly induce elevated levels of lactic acidosis. Power output distribution changed with decreased acid-base imbalance. In this way, this group could compensate for a decreased anaerobic metabolism. The above factors allowed cyclists experienced in interval training to perform more sets of maximal exercise without a decrease in power output compared with inexperienced cyclists.
Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)
Hebisz Rafal
2016-04-01
Full Text Available The aim of this study was to determine differences in glycolytic metabolite concentrations and work output in response to an all-out interval training session in 23 cyclists with at least 2 years of interval training experience (E and those inexperienced (IE in this form of training. The intervention involved subsequent sets of maximal intensity exercise on a cycle ergometer. Each set comprised four 30 s repetitions interspersed with 90 s recovery periods; sets were repeated when blood pH returned to 7.3. Measurements of post-exercise hydrogen (H+ and lactate ion (LA- concentrations and work output were taken. The experienced cyclists performed significantly more sets of maximal efforts than the inexperienced athletes (5.8 ± 1.2 vs. 4.3 ± 0.9 sets, respectively. Work output decreased in each subsequent set in the IE group and only in the last set in the E group. Distribution of power output changed only in the E group; power decreased in the initial repetitions of set only to increase in the final repetitions. H+ concentration decreased in the third, penultimate, and last sets in the E group and in each subsequent set in the IE group. LA- decreased in the last set in both groups. In conclusion, the experienced cyclists were able to repeatedly induce elevated levels of lactic acidosis. Power output distribution changed with decreased acid–base imbalance. In this way, this group could compensate for a decreased anaerobic metabolism. The above factors allowed cyclists experienced in interval training to perform more sets of maximal exercise without a decrease in power output compared with inexperienced cyclists.
Ito, Hidekatsu; Minoshima, Wataru; Kudoh, Suguru N
2015-08-01
To investigate relationships between neuronal network activity and electrical stimulus, we analyzed autonomous activity before and after electrical stimulus. Recordings of autonomous activity were performed using dissociated culture of rat hippocampal neurons on a multi-electrodes array (MEA) dish. Single stimulus and pared stimuli were applied to a cultured neuronal network. Single stimulus was applied every 1 min, and paired stimuli was performed by two sequential stimuli every 1 min. As a result, the patterns of synchronized activities of a neuronal network were changed after stimulus. Especially, long range synchronous activities were induced by paired stimuli. When 1 s inter-stimulus-intervals (ISI) and 1.5 s ISI paired stimuli are applied to a neuronal network, relatively long range synchronous activities expressed in case of 1.5 s ISI. Temporal synchronous activity of neuronal network is changed according to inter-stimulus-intervals (ISI) of electrical stimulus. In other words, dissociated neuronal network can maintain given information in temporal pattern and a certain type of an information maintenance mechanism was considered to be implemented in a semi-artificial dissociated neuronal network. The result is useful toward manipulation technology of neuronal activity in a brain system.
Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)
Dominic Beaulieu-Prévost
2006-03-01
Full Text Available For the last 50 years of research in quantitative social sciences, the empirical evaluation of scientific hypotheses has been based on the rejection or not of the null hypothesis. However, more than 300 articles demonstrated that this method was problematic. In summary, null hypothesis testing (NHT is unfalsifiable, its results depend directly on sample size and the null hypothesis is both improbable and not plausible. Consequently, alternatives to NHT such as confidence intervals (CI and measures of effect size are starting to be used in scientific publications. The purpose of this article is, first, to provide the conceptual tools necessary to implement an approach based on confidence intervals, and second, to briefly demonstrate why such an approach is an interesting alternative to an approach based on NHT. As demonstrated in the article, the proposed CI approach avoids most problems related to a NHT approach and can often improve the scientific and contextual relevance of the statistical interpretations by testing range hypotheses instead of a point hypothesis and by defining the minimal value of a substantial effect. The main advantage of such a CI approach is that it replaces the notion of statistical power by an easily interpretable three-value logic (probable presence of a substantial effect, probable absence of a substantial effect and probabilistic undetermination. The demonstration includes a complete example.
Shortening of subjective visual intervals followed by repetitive stimulation.
Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)
Fuminori Ono
Full Text Available Our previous research demonstrated that repetitive tone stimulation shortened the perceived duration of the preceding auditory time interval. In this study, we examined whether repetitive visual stimulation influences the perception of preceding visual time intervals. Results showed that a time interval followed by a high-frequency visual flicker was perceived as shorter than that followed by a low-frequency visual flicker. The perceived duration decreased as the frequency of the visual flicker increased. The visual flicker presented in one hemifield shortened the apparent time interval in the other hemifield. A final experiment showed that repetitive tone stimulation also shortened the perceived duration of preceding visual time intervals. We concluded that visual flicker shortened the perceived duration of preceding visual time intervals in the same way as repetitive auditory stimulation shortened the subjective duration of preceding tones.
Significant Interval and Frequent Pattern Discovery in Web Log Data
Saxena, Kanak
2010-01-01
There is a considerable body of work on sequence mining of Web Log Data. We are using One Pass frequent Episode discovery (or FED) algorithm, takes a different approach than the traditional apriori class of pattern detection algorithms. In this approach significant intervals for each Website are computed first (independently) and these interval used for detecting frequent patterns/Episode and then the Analysis is performed on Significant Intervals and frequent patterns That can be used to forecast the user's behavior using previous trends and this can be also used for advertising purpose. This type of applications predicts the Website interest. In this approach, time-series data are folded over a periodicity (day, week, etc.) Which are used to form the Interval? Significant intervals are discovered from these time points that satisfy the criteria of minimum confidence and maximum interval length specified by the user.
Interval timing in Siamese fighting fish (Betta splendens).
Higa, J J; Simm, L A
2004-11-30
The present study evaluated the temporal performance of Siamese fighting fish (Betta splendens) given short-term exposure to four fixed interval (FI) schedules of reinforcement, FI 30, 60, 120, and 240 s, during which a reinforcer (mirror image) was given for the first response (swimming through a hoop) after the interval requirement had elapsed. Response levels were generally low early in an interval and increased as the interval elapsed; wait times and break points in an interval increased with increases in the FI requirement. The results were similar to that obtained with other species and different types of responses and reinforcers, and demonstrate that the procedure is a feasible method for studying interval timing in fish.
Contrasting Diversity Values: Statistical Inferences Based on Overlapping Confidence Intervals
MacGregor-Fors, Ian; Payton, Mark E.
2013-01-01
Ecologists often contrast diversity (species richness and abundances) using tests for comparing means or indices. However, many popular software applications do not support performing standard inferential statistics for estimates of species richness and/or density. In this study we simulated the behavior of asymmetric log-normal confidence intervals and determined an interval level that mimics statistical tests with P(α) = 0.05 when confidence intervals from two distributions do not overlap. Our results show that 84% confidence intervals robustly mimic 0.05 statistical tests for asymmetric confidence intervals, as has been demonstrated for symmetric ones in the past. Finally, we provide detailed user-guides for calculating 84% confidence intervals in two of the most robust and highly-used freeware related to diversity measurements for wildlife (i.e., EstimateS, Distance). PMID:23437239
Note on a paradox in decision-theoretic interval estimation
Kabaila, Paul
2012-01-01
Confidence intervals are assessed according to two criteria, namely expected length and coverage probability. In an attempt to apply the decision-theoretic method to finding a good confidence interval, a loss function that is a linear combination of the interval length and the indicator function that the interval includes the parameter of interest has been proposed. We consider the particular case that the parameter of interest is the normal mean, when the variance is unknown. Casella, Hwang and Robert, Statistica Sinica, 1993, have shown that this loss function, combined with the standard noninformative prior, leads to a generalized Bayes rule that is a confidence interval for this parameter which has "paradoxical behaviour". We show that a simple modification of this loss function, combined with the same prior, leads to a generalized Bayes rule that is the usual confidence interval i.e. the "paradoxical behaviour" is removed.
Implementation and Analysis of Interval SRT Radix-2 Division Algorithm
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Milind R. Patel
2012-06-01
Full Text Available Interval arithmetic gives computation for closed bound set of real numbers which provides two values for single result. It gives confirmation that the error which exists due to the mathematical computation does not exceed over defined accuracy. Interval arithmetic provides higher precision and accuracy than the floating point arithmetic. Software computation for interval arithmetic is quite slow. Hardware implementation of the interval arithmetic provides considerable improvement in speed with respect to its software approach. We have used floating point hardware for interval arithmetic to improve the speed of computation. We present the implementation and analysis of interval radix-2 SRT division algorithm in double precision. SRT division gives faster response when partial remainder is relatively small in computation.
Reference intervals data mining: no longer a probability paper method.
Katayev, Alexander; Fleming, James K; Luo, Dajie; Fisher, Arren H; Sharp, Thomas M
2015-01-01
To describe the application of a data-mining statistical algorithm for calculation of clinical laboratory tests reference intervals. Reference intervals for eight different analytes and different age and sex groups (a total of 11 separate reference intervals) for tests that are unlikely to be ordered during routine screening of disease-free populations were calculated using the modified algorithm for data mining of test results stored in the laboratory database and compared with published peer-reviewed studies that used direct sampling. The selection of analytes was based on the predefined criteria that include comparability of analytical methods with a statistically significant number of observations. Of the 11 calculated reference intervals, having upper and lower limits for each, 21 of 22 reference interval limits were not statistically different from the reference studies. The presented statistical algorithm is shown to be an accurate and practical tool for reference interval calculations. Copyright© by the American Society for Clinical Pathology.
Wang, Lin-Jie; Cheng, Tan; Zhi-Li, Li; Hui-juan, Wang; Wen-juan, Chen; Jianfeng, Zhang; Desheng, Wang; Dongbin, Niu; Qi, Zhao; Chengjia, Yang; Yanqing, Wang
High intensity interval training (HIIT) has been demonstrated to improve performance in a relatively short training period. But the difference between high intensity interval training and moderate intensity interval training (MIIT) in simulated weightlessness still has not been well studied. This study sought to characterize the difference between 6 weeks high intensity interval training and moderate intensity interval training under reduced weight (RW) gait training device and zero-gravity locomotion system (ZLS). Twenty-three subjects (14M/4F, 32.5±4.5 years) volunteered to participate. They were divided into three groups, that were MITT (alternating 2 min at 40% VO _{2} peak and 2 min at 60% VO _{2} peak for 30min, five days per week) RW group (n=8), HITT (alternating 2 min at 40% VO _{2} peak and 2 min at 90% VO _{2} peak for 30min, three days per week) RW group (n=8) and HITT ZLS group (n=7). The Z-axis load used in RW group was 80% body weight (BW) and in ZLS was 100% BW. Cardiopulmonary function was measured before, after 4-week training and after 6-week training. Isokinetic knee extension-flexion test at 60(°) deg/s and 180(°) deg/s were performed before and after the 6-week training, and isometric knee extension-flexion test at 180(°) deg/s was also examined at the same time. It was found that the VO _{2} peaks, metabolic equivalent (MET), Speedmax and respiratory exchange ratio (RER) were significantly increased after 4 and 6-week training in all three groups and no significant group difference were detected. The peak torque at 60(°) deg/s for right knee flexion were significantly increased after 6 week-training in all three groups, and only in HITT RW group the total power at 60(°) deg/s for right knee flexion enhanced. The total power and average power at 60(°) deg/s for right knee extension decreased significantly after 6-week training in all three groups. The peak torque at 60(°) deg/s for right knee extension in MIIT RW group was
Generalized confidence interval plots using commands or dialogs
Roger Newson
2005-01-01
Confidence intervals may be presented as publication-ready tables or as presentation-ready plots. -eclplot- produces plots of estimates and confidence intervals. It inputs a dataset (or resultsset) with one observation per parameter and variables containing estimates, lower and upper confidence limits, and a fourth variable, against which the confidence intervals are plotted. This resultsset can be used for producing both plots and tables, and may be generated using a spreadsheet or using -st...
Demand Flexibility Time Intervals for Aggregate Residential Load Patterns
Sajjad, Intisar A.; CHICCO Gianfranco; Napoli, Roberto
2015-01-01
This paper deals with the definition of demand flexibility time intervals. These intervals are extracted from the binomial probability model of load variation patterns with the two possible categories of increase and non-increase in demand. These intervals along with the information on the coefficient of variation of the aggregate demand are used to assess the potential of demand flexibility exhibited by the aggregate residential demand in different periods of the day. The results of the prop...
Generalized Confidence Interval for the Common Coefficient of Variation
Behboodian, Javad; Jafari, Ali Akbar
2014-01-01
In this article, we consider the problem of constructing the confidence interval and testing hypothesis for the common coefficient of variation (CV) of several normal populations. A new method is suggested using the concepts of generalized p-value and generalized confidence interval. Using this new method and a method proposed by Tian (2005), we obtain a shorter confidence interval for the common CV. This combination method has good properties in terms of length and coverage probability compa...
Hydrologic studies in wells open through large intervals
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
1992-01-01
This report describes and summarizes activities, data, and preliminary data interpretation from the INEL Oversight Program R D-1 project titled Hydrologic Studies In Wells Open Through Large Intervals.'' The project is designed to use a straddle-packer system to isolate, hydraulically test, and sample specific intervals of monitoring wells that are open (uncased, unscreened) over large intervals of the Snake River Plain aquifer. The objectives of the project are to determine and compare vertical variations in water quality and aquifer properties that have previously only been determined in an integrated fashion over the entire thickness of the open interval of the observation wells.
The Interval Stability of an Electricity Market Model
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Weijuan Wang
2014-01-01
Full Text Available Combined with the electric power market dynamic model put forward by Alvarado, an interval model of electricity markets is established and investigated in this paper pertaining to the range of demand elasticity with suppliers and consumers. The stability of an electricity market framework with demand elasticity interval is analyzed. The conclusions characterizing the interval model provided are derived by constructing a suitable Lyapunov function and using the theory of interval dynamical system in differential equations and matrix inequality theory and so forth. Applying the corollary obtained can judge the system stability by available data about demand elasticity. The obtained results are validated and illustrated by a case example.
A Solution Proposal To Indefinite Quadratic Interval Transportation Problem
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Hasan Dalman
2013-12-01
Full Text Available The data of real world applications generally cannot be expressed strictly. An efficient way of handling this situation is expressing the data as intervals. Thus, this paper focus on the Indefinite Quadratic Interval Transportation Problem (IQITP in which all the parameters i.e. cost and risk coefficients of the objective function, supply and demand quantities are expressed as intervals. A Taylor series approach is presented for the solution of IQITP by means of the expression of intervals with its left and right limits. Also a numerical example is executed to illustrate the procedure.
Some nonlinear parameters of PP intervals of pulse main peaks
Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)
无
2007-01-01
The PP intervals of pulse main peaks from healthy and unhealthy people (arrhythmia) have different nonlinear characteristics. In this paper, the extraction of PP intervals of pulse main peaks is achieved by picking up P peaks of pulse wave with wavelet transform. Furthermore, several nonlinear parameters (correlative dimensions, maximum Lyapunov exponents, complexity and approximate entropy) of the PP intervals of pulse main peaks extracted from normal and unhealthy pulse signals are calculated, with the results showing that these nonlinear parameters calculated from the main wave interval signals are helpful for analyzing human's health state and diagnosing heart diseases.
Confidence Intervals for Standardized Effect Sizes: Theory, Application, and Implementation
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Ken Kelley
2007-02-01
Full Text Available The behavioral, educational, and social sciences are undergoing a paradigmatic shift in methodology, from disciplines that focus on the dichotomous outcome of null hypothesis significance tests to disciplines that report and interpret effect sizes and their corresponding confidence intervals. Due to the arbitrariness of many measurement instruments used in the behavioral, educational, and social sciences, some of the most widely reported effect sizes are standardized. Although forming confidence intervals for standardized effect sizes can be very beneficial, such confidence interval procedures are generally difficult to implement because they depend on noncentral t, F, and x2 distributions. At present, no main-stream statistical package provides exact confidence intervals for standardized effects without the use of specialized programming scripts. Methods for the Behavioral, Educational, and Social Sciences (MBESS is an R package that has routines for calculating confidence intervals for noncentral t, F, and x2 distributions, which are then used in the calculation of exact confidence intervals for standardized effect sizes by using the confidence interval transformation and inversion principles. The present article discusses the way in which confidence intervals are formed for standardized effect sizes and illustrates how such confidence intervals can be easily formed using MBESS in R.
Interval Valued Intuitionistic (S,T)-fuzzy Hv-submodules
Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)
Jian Ming ZHAN; W. A. DUDEK
2006-01-01
On the basis of the concept of the interval valued intuitionistic fuzzy sets introduced by K. Atanassov, the notion of interval valued intuitionistic fuzzy Hv-submodules of an Hv-module with respect to a t-norm T and an s-norm S is given and the characteristic properties are described. The homomorphic image and the inverse image are investigated. In particular, the connections between interval valued intuitionistic (S, T)-fuzzy Hv-submodules and interval valued intuitionistic (S,T)-fuzzy submodules are discussed.
The Strength-Interval Curve in Cardiac Tissue
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Sunil M. Kandel
2013-01-01
Full Text Available The bidomain model describes the electrical properties of cardiac tissue and is often used to simulate the response of the heart to an electric shock. The strength-interval curve summarizes how refractory tissue is excited. This paper analyzes calculations of the strength-interval curve when a stimulus is applied through a unipolar electrode. In particular, the bidomain model is used to clarify why the cathodal and anodal strength-interval curves are different, and what the mechanism of the “dip” in the anodal strength-interval curve is.
Computing discrete logarithm by interval-valued paradigm
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Benedek Nagy
2014-03-01
Full Text Available Interval-valued computing is a relatively new computing paradigm. It uses finitely many interval segments over the unit interval in a computation as data structure. The satisfiability of Quantified Boolean formulae and other hard problems, like integer factorization, can be solved in an effective way by its massive parallelism. The discrete logarithm problem plays an important role in practice, there are cryptographical methods based on its computational hardness. In this paper we show that the discrete logarithm problem is computable by an interval-valued computing in a polynomial number of steps (within this paradigm.
A filtering method for the interval eigenvalue problem
DEFF Research Database (Denmark)
Hladik, Milan; Daney, David; Tsigaridas, Elias
2011-01-01
We consider the general problem of computing intervals that contain the real eigenvalues of interval matrices. Given an outer approximation (superset) of the real eigenvalue set of an interval matrix, we propose a filtering method that iteratively improves the approximation. Even though our method...... is based on a sufficient regularity condition, it is very efficient in practice and our experimental results suggest that it improves, in general, significantly the initial outer approximation. The proposed method works for general, as well as for symmetric interval matrices....
Xanthogranulomatous appendicitis in interval appendectomy specimens of children
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Yusuf Hakan Çavuşoğlu
2016-05-01
Full Text Available Xanthogranulomatous inflammation is common in interval appendectomy specimens in adults, but it is unusual in children. Histopathologic specimens of interval appendectomy, within an 8-year period, were reevaluated to assess the true incidence. A computer search of the hospital database of all appendectomies was performed between January 2008 and June 2015 to identify all interval appendectomy cases. A total of 2694 patients underwent appendectomies. Of these, 13 were interval appendectomies. After pathologic evaluation, 2 (15.4% of the specimens were reported as xanthogranulomatous appendicitis (XA. Histopathologic examination of these interval appendectomy specimens, granulomas (59%, xanthogranulomatous inflammation (36% and Crohn-like changes (50% were common in adults. However, XA is a particularly rare clinical entity among children. Two cases of XA were reported in children in the English literature. One was a 12-year old boy that underwent interval appendectomy 6 weeks after an episode of acute appendicitis. The other was an 11-year old boy with acute (non-interval appendicitis, but the complete blood count was suggestive of an acute suppurative inflammation. These two cases are the 3rd and 4th cases of XA reported in children in the English literature, and both were managed by interval appendectomy. Thus, XA may be encountered in interval appendectomy specimens and association with IBD has to be ruled out.
Minimum-energy wavelet frame on the interval
Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)
GAO XiePing; CAO ChunHong
2008-01-01
The construction and properties of interval minimum-energy wavelet frame are systematically studied in this paper.They are as follows:1) give the definition of interval minimum-energy wavelet frame;2) give the necessary and sufficient conditions for the minimum-energy frames for L2[0,1];3) present the construction algorithm for minimum-energy wavelet frame associated with refinable functions on the interval with any support γ;4) give the decomposition and reconstruction formulas of the minimum-energy frame on the interval [0,1].
DEFF Research Database (Denmark)
Witting Christensen, Sara K; Krohn, Inge Kortekaas; Thuraiaiyah, Jani;
2016-01-01
BACKGROUND: Desensitization is a method for inducing temporary tolerance to allergen. The mechanism underlying desensitization is yet to be established. METHODS: Basophil granulocytes in whole blood from grass pollen allergic subjects were desensitized ex vivo by sequential addition of increasing...... allergen concentrations. At each step basophil activation (CD193(+) CD63(+) ) was monitored with and without (background activation) allergen challenge at optimal concentration. The sequential desensitization protocol was compared to a single-dose desensitization protocols with threshold and subthreshold...... allergen concentrations. Incubation intervals and allergen concentrations were varied in order to optimise the protocol. RESULTS: Sequential desensitization effectively reduced basophil response. The single-dose subthreshold protocol and single-dose threshold protocols did not reduce basophil activation...
Comparing interval estimates for small sample ordinal CFA models.
Natesan, Prathiba
2015-01-01
Robust maximum likelihood (RML) and asymptotically generalized least squares (AGLS) methods have been recommended for fitting ordinal structural equation models. Studies show that some of these methods underestimate standard errors. However, these studies have not investigated the coverage and bias of interval estimates. An estimate with a reasonable standard error could still be severely biased. This can only be known by systematically investigating the interval estimates. The present study compares Bayesian, RML, and AGLS interval estimates of factor correlations in ordinal confirmatory factor analysis models (CFA) for small sample data. Six sample sizes, 3 factor correlations, and 2 factor score distributions (multivariate normal and multivariate mildly skewed) were studied. Two Bayesian prior specifications, informative and relatively less informative were studied. Undercoverage of confidence intervals and underestimation of standard errors was common in non-Bayesian methods. Underestimated standard errors may lead to inflated Type-I error rates. Non-Bayesian intervals were more positive biased than negatively biased, that is, most intervals that did not contain the true value were greater than the true value. Some non-Bayesian methods had non-converging and inadmissible solutions for small samples and non-normal data. Bayesian empirical standard error estimates for informative and relatively less informative priors were closer to the average standard errors of the estimates. The coverage of Bayesian credibility intervals was closer to what was expected with overcoverage in a few cases. Although some Bayesian credibility intervals were wider, they reflected the nature of statistical uncertainty that comes with the data (e.g., small sample). Bayesian point estimates were also more accurate than non-Bayesian estimates. The results illustrate the importance of analyzing coverage and bias of interval estimates, and how ignoring interval estimates can be misleading
Lilly, P.; Yanai, R. D.; Buckley, H. L.; Case, B. S.; Woollons, R. C.; Holdaway, R. J.; Johnson, J.
2016-12-01
Calculations of forest biomass and elemental content require many measurements and models, each contributing uncertainty to the final estimates. While sampling error is commonly reported, based on replicate plots, error due to uncertainty in the regression used to estimate biomass from tree diameter is usually not quantified. Some published estimates of uncertainty due to the regression models have used the uncertainty in the prediction of individuals, ignoring uncertainty in the mean, while others have propagated uncertainty in the mean while ignoring individual variation. Using the simple case of the calcium concentration of sugar maple leaves, we compare the variation among individuals (the standard deviation) to the uncertainty in the mean (the standard error) and illustrate the declining importance in the prediction of individual concentrations as the number of individuals increases. For allometric models, the analogous statistics are the prediction interval (or the residual variation in the model fit) and the confidence interval (describing the uncertainty in the best fit model). The effect of propagating these two sources of error is illustrated using the mass of sugar maple foliage. The uncertainty in individual tree predictions was large for plots with few trees; for plots with 30 trees or more, the uncertainty in individuals was less important than the uncertainty in the mean. Authors of previously published analyses have reanalyzed their data to show the magnitude of these two sources of uncertainty in scales ranging from experimental plots to entire countries. The most correct analysis will take both sources of uncertainty into account, but for practical purposes, country-level reports of uncertainty in carbon stocks, as required by the IPCC, can ignore the uncertainty in individuals. Ignoring the uncertainty in the mean will lead to exaggerated estimates of confidence in estimates of forest biomass and carbon and nutrient contents.
INTERVAL STATE ESTIMATION FOR SINGULAR DIFFERENTIAL EQUATION SYSTEMS WITH DELAYS
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T. A. Kharkovskaia
2016-07-01
Full Text Available The paper deals with linear differential equation systems with algebraic restrictions (singular systems and a method of interval observer design for this kind of systems. The systems contain constant time delay, measurement noise and disturbances. Interval observer synthesis is based on monotone and cooperative systems technique, linear matrix inequations, Lyapunov function theory and interval arithmetic. The set of conditions that gives the possibility for interval observer synthesis is proposed. Results of synthesized observer operation are shown on the example of dynamical interindustry balance model. The advantages of proposed method are that it is adapted to observer design for uncertain systems, if the intervals of admissible values for uncertain parameters are given. The designed observer is capable to provide asymptotically definite limits on the estimation accuracy, since the interval of admissible values for the object state is defined at every instant. The obtained result provides an opportunity to develop the interval estimation theory for complex systems that contain parametric uncertainty, varying delay and nonlinear elements. Interval observers increasingly find applications in economics, electrical engineering, mechanical systems with constraints and optimal flow control.
Confidence Intervals for Effect Sizes: Applying Bootstrap Resampling
Banjanovic, Erin S.; Osborne, Jason W.
2016-01-01
Confidence intervals for effect sizes (CIES) provide readers with an estimate of the strength of a reported statistic as well as the relative precision of the point estimate. These statistics offer more information and context than null hypothesis statistic testing. Although confidence intervals have been recommended by scholars for many years,…
A Note on Inclusion Intervals of Matrix Singular Values
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Shu-Yu Cui
2012-01-01
Full Text Available We establish an inclusion relation between two known inclusion intervals of matrix singular values in some special case. In addition, based on the use of positive scale vectors, a known inclusion interval of matrix singular values is also improved.
Positive automorphisms for self-induced interval exchange transformations
Jullian, Yann
2011-01-01
We give an algorithm to determine if the dynamical system generated by a positive automorphism of the free group can also be generated by a self-induced interval exchange transformation. The algorithm effectively yields the interval exchange transformation in case of success.
Perception of short time scale intervals in a hypnotic virtuoso
Noreika, Valdas; Falter, Christine M.; Arstila, Valtteri; Wearden, John H.; Kallio, Sakari
2012-01-01
Previous studies showed that hypnotized individuals underestimate temporal intervals in the range of several seconds to tens of minutes. However, no previous work has investigated whether duration perception is equally disorderly when shorter time intervals are probed. In this study, duration percep
Traces of times past : Representations of temporal intervals in memory
Taatgen, Niels; van Rijn, Hedderik
2011-01-01
Theories of time perception typically assume that some sort of memory represents time intervals. This memory component is typically underdeveloped in theories of time perception. Following earlier work that suggested that representations of different time intervals contaminate each other (Grondin, 2
Overconfidence in Interval Estimates: What Does Expertise Buy You?
McKenzie, Craig R. M.; Liersch, Michael J.; Yaniv, Ilan
2008-01-01
People's 90% subjective confidence intervals typically contain the true value about 50% of the time, indicating extreme overconfidence. Previous results have been mixed regarding whether experts are as overconfident as novices. Experiment 1 examined interval estimates from information technology (IT) professionals and UC San Diego (UCSD) students…
Sample Size for the "Z" Test and Its Confidence Interval
Liu, Xiaofeng Steven
2012-01-01
The statistical power of a significance test is closely related to the length of the confidence interval (i.e. estimate precision). In the case of a "Z" test, the length of the confidence interval can be expressed as a function of the statistical power. (Contains 1 figure and 1 table.)
Sample Size for the "Z" Test and Its Confidence Interval
Liu, Xiaofeng Steven
2012-01-01
The statistical power of a significance test is closely related to the length of the confidence interval (i.e. estimate precision). In the case of a "Z" test, the length of the confidence interval can be expressed as a function of the statistical power. (Contains 1 figure and 1 table.)
QT interval prolongation after Premature Ventricular Contractions (PVCs
Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)
Mohammed Haroon Rashid
2010-11-01
Full Text Available Long QT syndrome (LQTS is an inherited ion channelopathy resulting in abnormal ventricular repolarization and abnormal prolongation of QT interval on the ECG. Syncope, fainting, cardiac arrest, and sudden death are common manifestations of LQTS. We present a case report that describes a patient with prolonged QT interval after extrasystoles and a family history of sudden cardiac deaths.
Perception of short time scale intervals in a hypnotic virtuoso
Noreika, Valdas; Falter, Christine M.; Arstila, Valtteri; Wearden, John H.; Kallio, Sakari
2012-01-01
Previous studies showed that hypnotized individuals underestimate temporal intervals in the range of several seconds to tens of minutes. However, no previous work has investigated whether duration perception is equally disorderly when shorter time intervals are probed. In this study, duration
Genetic aspects of intervals from weaning to estrus in swine.
ten Napel, J.
1996-01-01
Genetic variation in interval from weaning to estrus, and genetic relationships with traits commonly under selection were studied using data from an eight-generation selection experiment on a short interval from weaning to estrus, and data from an American breeding company. From the biological backg
Verified Interval Orbit Propagation in Satellite Collision Avoidance
Römgens, B.A.; Mooij, E.; Naeije, M.C.
2011-01-01
Verified interval integration methods enclose a solution set corresponding to interval initial values and parameters, and bound integration and rounding errors. Verified methods suffer from overestimation of the solution, i.e., non-solutions are also included in the solution enclosure. Two verified
A novel algorithm for spectral interval combination optimization.
Song, Xiangzhong; Huang, Yue; Yan, Hong; Xiong, Yanmei; Min, Shungeng
2016-12-15
In this study, a new wavelength interval selection algorithm named as interval combination optimization (ICO) was proposed under the framework of model population analysis (MPA). In this method, the full spectra are divided into a fixed number of equal-width intervals firstly. Then the optimal interval combination is searched iteratively under the guide of MPA in a soft shrinkage manner, among which weighted bootstrap sampling (WBS) is employed as random sampling method. Finally, local search is conducted to optimize the widths of selected intervals. Three NIR datasets were used to validate the performance of ICO algorithm. Results show that ICO can select fewer wavelengths with better prediction performance when compared with other four wavelength selection methods, including VISSA, VISSA-iPLS, iVISSA and GA-iPLS. In addition, the computational intensity of ICO is also economical, benefit from fewer tune parameters and faster convergence speed. Copyright © 2016 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.
Timing intervals using population synchrony and spike timing dependent plasticity
Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)
Wei Xu
2016-12-01
Full Text Available We present a computational model by which ensembles of regularly spiking neurons can encode different time intervals through synchronous firing. We show that a neuron responding to a large population of convergent inputs has the potential to learn to produce an appropriately-timed output via spike-time dependent plasticity. We explain why temporal variability of this population synchrony increases with increasing time intervals. We also show that the scalar property of timing and its violation at short intervals can be explained by the spike-wise accumulation of jitter in the inter-spike intervals of timing neurons. We explore how the challenge of encoding longer time intervals can be overcome and conclude that this may involve a switch to a different population of neurons with lower firing rate, with the added effect of producing an earlier bias in response. Experimental data on human timing performance show features in agreement with the model’s output.
The game of Double-Silver on intervals
Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)
Gerald A. Heuer
2001-01-01
Full Text Available Silverman's game on intervals was analyzed in a special case by Evans, and later more extensively by Heuer and Leopold-Wildburger, who found that optimal strategies exist (and gave them quite generally when the intervals have no endpoints in common. They exist in about half the parameter plane when the intervals have a left endpoint or a right endpoint, but not both, in common, and (as Evans had earlier found exist only on a set of measure zero in this plane if the intervals are identical. The game of Double-Silver, where each player has its own threshold and penalty, is examined. There are several combinations of conditions on relative placement of the intervals, the thresholds and penalties under which optimal strategies exist and are found. The indications are that in the other cases no optimal strategies exist.
Interval sampling methods and measurement error: a computer simulation.
Wirth, Oliver; Slaven, James; Taylor, Matthew A
2014-01-01
A simulation study was conducted to provide a more thorough account of measurement error associated with interval sampling methods. A computer program simulated the application of momentary time sampling, partial-interval recording, and whole-interval recording methods on target events randomly distributed across an observation period. The simulation yielded measures of error for multiple combinations of observation period, interval duration, event duration, and cumulative event duration. The simulations were conducted up to 100 times to yield measures of error variability. Although the present simulation confirmed some previously reported characteristics of interval sampling methods, it also revealed many new findings that pertain to each method's inherent strengths and weaknesses. The analysis and resulting error tables can help guide the selection of the most appropriate sampling method for observation-based behavioral assessments.
Pijl, S; Schwarz, D W
1995-09-01
Some subjects with cochlear implants have been shown to associate electrical stimulus pulse rates with the pitches of musical tones. In order to clarify the role of these pitch sensations in a musical context, the present investigation examined the intonation accuracy achieved by implant subjects when adjusting pulse rates in the reconstruction of musical intervals. Using a method of adjustment, the subjects altered a variable pulse rate, relative to a fixed reference rate, on one electrode, in the tuning of musical intervals abstracted from familiar melodies. At low pulse rates, subjects generally tuned the intervals to the same frequency ratios which define tonal musical intervals in normal-hearing listeners, with error margins comparable to musically untrained subjects. Two subjects were, in addition, able to transpose these melodic intervals from a standard reference pulse rate to higher and lower reference rates (reference and target pulse rates with geometric means of the intervals ranging from 81 to 466 pulses/s). Generally, the intervals were adjusted on a ratio scale, according to the same frequency ratios which define analogous acoustical musical intervals. These results support the hypothesis that, at low pulse rates, a temporal code in the auditory nerve alone is capable of defining musical pitch.
Complete blood count reference intervals for healthy Han Chinese adults.
Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)
Xinzhong Wu
Full Text Available Complete blood count (CBC reference intervals are important to diagnose diseases, screen blood donors, and assess overall health. However, current reference intervals established by older instruments and technologies and those from American and European populations are not suitable for Chinese samples due to ethnic, dietary, and lifestyle differences. The aim of this multicenter collaborative study was to establish CBC reference intervals for healthy Han Chinese adults.A total of 4,642 healthy individuals (2,136 males and 2,506 females were recruited from six clinical centers in China (Shenyang, Beijing, Shanghai, Guangzhou, Chengdu, and Xi'an. Blood samples collected in K2EDTA anticoagulant tubes were analyzed. Analysis of variance was performed to determine differences in consensus intervals according to the use of data from the combined sample and selected samples.Median and mean platelet counts from the Chengdu center were significantly lower than those from other centers. Red blood cell count (RBC, hemoglobin (HGB, and hematocrit (HCT values were higher in males than in females at all ages. Other CBC parameters showed no significant instrument-, region-, age-, or sex-dependent difference. Thalassemia carriers were found to affect the lower or upper limit of different RBC profiles.We were able to establish consensus intervals for CBC parameters in healthy Han Chinese adults. RBC, HGB, and HCT intervals were established for each sex. The reference interval for platelets for the Chengdu center should be established independently.
Modelling volatility recurrence intervals in the Chinese commodity futures market
Zhou, Weijie; Wang, Zhengxin; Guo, Haiming
2016-09-01
The law of extreme event occurrence attracts much research. The volatility recurrence intervals of Chinese commodity futures market prices are studied: the results show that the probability distributions of the scaled volatility recurrence intervals have a uniform scaling curve for different thresholds q. So we can deduce the probability distribution of extreme events from normal events. The tail of a scaling curve can be well fitted by a Weibull form, which is significance-tested by KS measures. Both short-term and long-term memories are present in the recurrence intervals with different thresholds q, which denotes that the recurrence intervals can be predicted. In addition, similar to volatility, volatility recurrence intervals also have clustering features. Through Monte Carlo simulation, we artificially synthesise ARMA, GARCH-class sequences similar to the original data, and find out the reason behind the clustering. The larger the parameter d of the FIGARCH model, the stronger the clustering effect is. Finally, we use the Fractionally Integrated Autoregressive Conditional Duration model (FIACD) to analyse the recurrence interval characteristics. The results indicated that the FIACD model may provide a method to analyse volatility recurrence intervals.
The association between atrium electromechanical interval and pericardial fat.
Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)
Tze-Fan Chao
Full Text Available OBJECTIVES: Pericardial fat (PCF may induce local inflammation and subsequent structural remodeling of the left atrium (LA. However, the adverse effects of PCF on LA are difficult to be evaluated and quantified. The atrial electromechanical interval determined by transthoracic echocardiogram was shown to be a convenient parameter which can reflect the process of LA remodeling. The goal of the present study was to investigate the association between the electromechanical interval and PCF. METHODS AND RESULTS: A total of 337 patients with mean age of 51.9 ± 9.0 years were enrolled. The electromechanical interval (PA-PDI defined as the time interval from the initiation of the P wave deflection to the peak of the mitral inflow A wave on the pulse wave Doppler imaging was measured for every patient. The amount of PCF was determined by multi-detector computed tomography. The PA-PDI interval was significantly correlated with the amount of PCF (r = 0.641, p value <0.001. Graded prolongation of PA-PDI interval was observed across 3 groups of patients divided according to the tertile values of PCF. The AUC for the PA-PDI interval in predicting an increased amount of PCF (third tertile was 0.796. At a cutoff value of 130 ms identified by the ROC curve, the sensitivity and specificity of PA-PDI interval in identifying patients with a highest tertile of PCF were 63.4% and 85.3%, respectively. CONCLUSIONS: The PA-PDI intervals were longer in patients with an increased amount of PCF. It may be a useful parameter to represent the degree of PCF-related atrial remodeling.
Abnormal vascular function in PR-interval prolongation.
Chan, Yap-Hang; Siu, Chung-Wah; Yiu, Kai-Hang; Li, Sheung-Wai; Lau, Kui-Kai; Lam, Tai-Hing; Lau, Chu-Pak; Tse, Hung-Fat
2011-10-01
Underlying mechanisms of PR-interval prolongation leading to increased risk of adverse cardiovascular outcomes, including atrial fibrillation, are unclear. This study aims to investigate the relation between PR interval and changes in vascular function. We hypothesize that there exists an intermediate pathological stage between electrocardiographic PR prolongation and adverse cardiovascular outcomes, which could be reflected by changes in surrogate measurements of vascular function. We recruited 88 healthy subjects (mean age 57.5 ± 9.8 y, 46% male) from a community-based health screening program who had no history of cardiovascular disease or diabetes mellitus. PR interval was determined from a resting 12-lead electrocardiogram. Vascular function was noninvasively assessed by flow-mediated dilation (FMD) using high-resolution ultrasound and brachial-ankle pulse wave velocity (PWV) using a vascular profiling system. Only 3 subjects had a PR-interval length longer than the conventional cutoff of 200 ms. The PR-interval length was associated inversely with FMD (Pearson r = -0.30, P = 0.004) and positively with PWV (r = 0.40, P PR-interval length by each 25 ms was independently associated with reduced FMD by -1 unit (absolute %, B = -0.04 [95% confidence interval: -0.080 to -0.002, P = 0.040)] and increased PWV by +103 cm/second (B = +4.1 [95% confidence interval: 0.6-7.6, P = 0.023]). This study shows that PR-interval length, even in the conventionally normal range, is independently associated with endothelial dysfunction and increased arterial stiffness in healthy subjects free of atherosclerotic disease. This suggests the presence of a systemic, intermediate pathologic stage of the vasculature in PR prolongation before clinically manifest cardiovascular events, and could represent a mediating mechanism. © 2011 Wiley Periodicals, Inc.
The Interval Graph Completion Problem on Split Graphs
Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)
ZHANG Zhen-kun; YU Min
2015-01-01
The interval graph completion problem on a graph G is to find an added edge set F such that G+F is an interval supergraph with the smallest possible number of edges. The problem has important applications to numerical algebra, V LSI-layout and algorithm graph theory etc; And it has been known to be N P-complete on general graphs. Some classes of special graphs have been investigated in the literatures. In this paper the interval graph completion problem on split graphs is investigated.
Graphic theory on interval stability of networked control systems
Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)
无
2008-01-01
A new method on the interval stability of networked control systems (NCSs) with random delay and data packet dropout is studied. Combining interval systems and NCSs, a graphic condition on judging interval stability is presented in terms of the weighted diagraph theory in graph theory. Furthermore, utilizing the graph-theoretic algorithm, the delay-depended controller gains are obtained. Aiming at the same delay and data packed dropout, several controller gains are obtained, simultaneously. The example and simulation illustrate the effectiveness of the proposed method.
Estimation of individual reference intervals in small sample sizes
DEFF Research Database (Denmark)
Hansen, Ase Marie; Garde, Anne Helene; Eller, Nanna Hurwitz
2007-01-01
of that order of magnitude for all topics in question. Therefore, new methods to estimate reference intervals for small sample sizes are needed. We present an alternative method based on variance component models. The models are based on data from 37 men and 84 women taking into account biological variation...... presented in this study. The presented method enables occupational health researchers to calculate reference intervals for specific groups, i.e. smokers versus non-smokers, etc. In conclusion, the variance component models provide an appropriate tool to estimate reference intervals based on small sample...
Establishing maintenance intervals based on measurement reliability of engineering endpoints.
James, P J
2000-01-01
Methods developed by the metrological community and principles used by the research community were integrated to provide a basis for a periodic maintenance interval analysis system. Engineering endpoints are used as measurement attributes on which to base two primary quality indicators: accuracy and reliability. Also key to establishing appropriate maintenance intervals is the ability to recognize two primary failure modes: random failure and time-related failure. The primary objective of the maintenance program is to avert predictable and preventable device failure, and understanding time-related failures enables service personnel to set intervals accordingly.
Unpacking a time interval lengthens its perceived temporal distance
Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)
Yang eLiu
2014-11-01
Full Text Available In quantity estimation, people often perceive that the whole is less than the sum of its parts. The current study investigated such an unpacking effect in temporal distance judgment. Our results showed that participants in the unpacked condition judged a given time interval longer than those in the packed condition, even the time interval was kept constant between the two conditions. Furthermore, this unpacking effect persists regardless of the unpacking ways we employed. Results suggest that unpacking a time interval may be a good strategy for lengthening its perceived temporal distance.
Optimizing calibration intervals for specific applications to reduce maintenance costs
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Collier, Steve; Holland, Jack [Servomex Group, Crowborough (United Kingdom)
2009-11-01
The introduction of the Servomex MultiExact 5400 analyzer has presented an opportunity to review the cost of ownership and how improvements to an analyzer's performance may be used to reduce this. Until now, gas analyzer manufacturers have taken a conservative approach to calibration intervals based on site practices and experience covering a wide range of applications. However, if specific applications are considered, then there is an opportunity to reduce costs by increasing calibration intervals. This paper demonstrates how maintenance costs may be reduced by increasing calibration intervals for those gas analyzers used for monitoring Air Separation Units (ASUs) without detracting from their performance.(author)
MRI of the rotator interval of the shoulder
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Lee, J.C. [Department of Radiology, Royal National Orthopaedic Hospital NHS Trust, Stanmore, Middlesex (United Kingdom); Guy, S. [Department of Radiology, Royal National Orthopaedic Hospital NHS Trust, Stanmore, Middlesex (United Kingdom); Connell, D. [Department of Radiology, Royal National Orthopaedic Hospital NHS Trust, Stanmore, Middlesex (United Kingdom); Saifuddin, A. [Department of Radiology, Royal National Orthopaedic Hospital NHS Trust, Stanmore, Middlesex (United Kingdom) and Institute of Orthopaedics and Musculoskeletal Sciences, University College London (United Kingdom)]. E-mail: asaifuddin@aol.com; Lambert, S. [Department of Orthopaedics, Royal National Orthopaedic Hospital NHS Trust, Stanmore, Middlesex (United Kingdom); Institute of Orthopaedics and Musculoskeletal Sciences, University College London (United Kingdom)
2007-05-15
The rotator interval of the shoulder joint is located between the distal edges of the supraspinatus and subscapularis tendons and contains the insertions of the coracohumeral and superior glenohumeral ligaments. These structures form a complex pulley system that stabilizes the long head of the biceps tendon as it enters the bicipital groove of the humeral head. The rotator interval is the site of a variety of pathological processes including biceps tendon lesions, adhesive capsulitis and anterosuperior internal impingement. This article describes the anatomy, function and pathology of the rotator interval using magnetic resonance imaging (MRI)
Concept of Operations for Interval Management Arrivals and Approach
Hicok, Daniel S.; Barmore, Bryan E.
2016-01-01
This paper presents the concept of operations for interval management operations to be deployed in the US National Airspace System (NAS) by the Federal Aviation Administration (FAA) after 2020. The use of interval management operations is described that begin in en route airspace and continue to a termination point inside the arrival terminal area, in a terminal environment that includes other arrival management tools such as arrival metering, Ground-based Interval Management - Spacing (GIM-S), and Terminal Sequencing and Spacing (TSAS). The roles of Air Traffic Controllers and Flight Crews and the ground automation tools that are used by Air Traffic Controllers to enable the primary operation and variations are described.
Intervals of balanced binary trees in the Tamari lattice
Giraudo, Samuele
2011-01-01
We show that the set of balanced binary trees is closed by interval in the Tamari lattice. We establish that the intervals [T, T'] where T and T' are balanced binary trees are isomorphic as posets to a hypercube. We introduce synchronous grammars that allow to generate tree-like structures and obtain fixed-point functional equations to enumerate these. We also introduce imbalance tree patterns and show that they can be used to describe some sets of balanced binary trees that play a particular role in the Tamari lattice. Finally, we investigate other families of binary trees that are also closed by interval in the Tamari lattice.
Deng, Bai-Chuan; Yun, Yong-Huan; Ma, Pan; Lin, Chen-Chen; Ren, Da-Bing; Liang, Yi-Zeng
2015-03-21
In this study, a new algorithm for wavelength interval selection, known as interval variable iterative space shrinkage approach (iVISSA), is proposed based on the VISSA algorithm. It combines global and local searches to iteratively and intelligently optimize the locations, widths and combinations of the spectral intervals. In the global search procedure, it inherits the merit of soft shrinkage from VISSA to search the locations and combinations of informative wavelengths, whereas in the local search procedure, it utilizes the information of continuity in spectroscopic data to determine the widths of wavelength intervals. The global and local search procedures are carried out alternatively to realize wavelength interval selection. This method was tested using three near infrared (NIR) datasets. Some high-performing wavelength selection methods, such as synergy interval partial least squares (siPLS), moving window partial least squares (MW-PLS), competitive adaptive reweighted sampling (CARS), genetic algorithm PLS (GA-PLS) and interval random frog (iRF), were used for comparison. The results show that the proposed method is very promising with good results both on prediction capability and stability. The MATLAB codes for implementing iVISSA are freely available on the website: .
OÜ Same sai tootearendustoetust / Riina Mägi
Mägi, Riina, 1957-
2008-01-01
Tabiveres põllu- ja teehooldusmasinaid tootev OÜ Same sai Ettevõtluse Arendamise Sihtasutuse kaudu üle poole miljoni krooni tootearendustoetust, mille abil töötab firma välja uue, senisest paindlikuma ja multifunktsionaalsema ketas-liivapuisturi
TeamVieweri kasutusjuhend / Tarmo Teekivi, Riina Tralla
Teekivi, Tarmo
2015-01-01
TeamViewer on multifunktsionaalne programm koostööks seadmete vahel. TeamVieweri rakendused leiab Google Play, Apple App Store'i, Windows Store'i ja BlackBerry Worldi keskkondadest. Artiklis tutvustatakse kahe rakenduse kasutamist, mis lihtsustavad VOSK meetodi kasutamist õppetöös ja võimaldavad teha ühistööd
Kõik on kusagil olemas / Riina Mägi
Mägi, Riina, 1957-
2005-01-01
Deivi Oru (34) maalinäitusest "Sentimentaalsed maastikud" Põltsamaa kultuurikeskuse galeriis. Kunstniku elukäigust ja loomingust Eestis ja Hispaanias: kampsunite kudumisest maalikunstini. Hispaanias kasutab ta nime Monica del Norte
Jõgeval kõneldi Johan Kõpust / Riina Mägi
Mägi, Tiina
2009-01-01
Jõgeva kultuurikeskuses toimunud konverentsil "Uskuge valgusesse" heideti ajaloolaste, vaimulike ja õpilasuurijate ettekannete abil valgust kunagise Laiuse kirikuõpetaja, Tartu Ülikooli rektori ja Eesti Evangeelse Luterliku Kiriku peapiiskopi Johan Kõpu isikule, kelle sünnist möödub 9. novembril 135 aastat ja tema Laiuse kirikuõpetaja ametisse asumisest 100 aastat
"Sügisball", "Võlg" ja teised / Riina Mägi
Mägi, Riina, 1957-
2008-01-01
Jõgevamaal Voorel toimunud Mati Undi mälestusseminarist, kus käsitleti ka tema teoste põhiseid mängufilme "Sügisball" (2007) ja "Võlg" (1966). Esinesid TÜ magistrant Donald Tomberg, filmikriitik Margit Tõnson, filmis "Võlg" mänginud Tiiu Lukk
Majanduslikult soodsaim pakkumus ja pakkumuste hindamise kriteeriumid / Riina Karro
Karro, Riina
2011-01-01
Majanduslikult soodsaima pakkumuse ja madalaima hinnaga pakkumuse vahest ning majanduslikult soodsaima pakkumuse kui hindamiskriteeriumi sisunõuetest. Kvalifikatsiooni puudutavate tingimuste kasutamisest hindamiskriteeriumina
Lenz, Eestis unustatud geenius / Riina Mägi
Mägi, Riina, 1957-
2001-01-01
Tartus toimunud rahvusvahelise Lenzi-konverentsi (Jakob Michael Reinhold Lenz) publik nägi väljasõidul Põltsamaale Lenzi kirjutatud näidendit "Haavatud peigmees", mis esitati Tartu üliõpilasteatri poolt Põltsamaa lossihoovis. Lav. Kalev Kudu
OÜ Same sai tootearendustoetust / Riina Mägi
Mägi, Riina, 1957-
2008-01-01
Tabiveres põllu- ja teehooldusmasinaid tootev OÜ Same sai Ettevõtluse Arendamise Sihtasutuse kaudu üle poole miljoni krooni tootearendustoetust, mille abil töötab firma välja uue, senisest paindlikuma ja multifunktsionaalsema ketas-liivapuisturi
TeamVieweri kasutusjuhend / Tarmo Teekivi, Riina Tralla
Teekivi, Tarmo
2015-01-01
TeamViewer on multifunktsionaalne programm koostööks seadmete vahel: arvuti-arvuti, arvuti-nutiseade. TeamVieweri rakendused leiab Google Play, Apple App Store'i, Windows Store'i ja BlackBerry Worldi keskkondadest. Artiklis tutvustatakse kahe rakenduse kasutamist, mis lihtsustavad VOSK meetodi kasutamist õppetöös ja võimaldavad teha ühistööd
Tolkieni-sõbrad kogunevad Kassinurme / Riina Mägi
Mägi, Riina, 1957-
2005-01-01
Kassinurmes toimub Tolkieni-sõprade suurlaager, mis on pühendatud Tolkieni ühe olulisema teose "Sõrmuste isand" ilmumise 50. aastapäevale. Vaata ka: Vali Uudised, 19. august, lk. 3, pealkirjaga "Tolkieni fännid lähevad Jõgevamaale rollimängu korraldama"
USA kuulas pealt Chiraci kõnesid / Riina Tallo
Tallo, Riina
2004-01-01
Prantsusmaal ilmuva Henri Vernet' ja Thomas Cantaloube'i raamatu väitel kuulas USA Iraagi kriisi kulmineerudes regulaarselt pealt Prantsusmaa presidendi Jacques Chiraci ja tema kaastöötajate telefonikõnesid Elysee' lossis.
Jõgeval kõneldi Johan Kõpust / Riina Mägi
Mägi, Tiina
2009-01-01
Jõgeva kultuurikeskuses toimunud konverentsil "Uskuge valgusesse" heideti ajaloolaste, vaimulike ja õpilasuurijate ettekannete abil valgust kunagise Laiuse kirikuõpetaja, Tartu Ülikooli rektori ja Eesti Evangeelse Luterliku Kiriku peapiiskopi Johan Kõpu isikule, kelle sünnist möödub 9. novembril 135 aastat ja tema Laiuse kirikuõpetaja ametisse asumisest 100 aastat
Suurem, pikem, lõikamata / Riina Mägi
Mägi, Riina, 1957-
2000-01-01
Animafilm "South Park : suurem, pikem ja lõikamata" ("South Park . Bigger, Longer & Uncut") : Stsenaristid Trey Parker, Matt Stone ja Pam Brady : režissöör Trey Parker : Ameerika Ühendriigid 1999
Rootslanna Eestis kirjutas uue rootsi keele õpiku / Riina Noodapera
Noodapera, Riina, 1952-
2007-01-01
Carina Adolfssoni elust ja töötamisest Eestis. Rets. rmt.: Adolfsson, Carina. Sverige på svenska : lärobok i svenska för nybörjare : rootsi keele õpik algajatele : textbook in Swedish for beginners. Tallinn : Infotrükk, 2007. 179 lk.
Teatriekspressiga Äksist Põltsamaale / Riina Mägi
Mägi, Riina, 1957-
2007-01-01
Jõgevamaa harrastus- ja projektitruppide vabaõhulavastuste esietendustest 2006. aastal : Priit Aimla "Saadjärve saamise lugu" (Tabivere Harrastusteater, lavastaja Tõnis Lepp), Oskar Lutsu loomingust inspireeritud Veiko Märka "Sabani sõlmes Luts" (Palamuse Amatöörteater, lavastaja Raivo Adlas), Marina Carri "Kassirabal" projektitrupi esituses, lavastaja Ain Saviauk, Mati Tiku "Legend" (Saare Valla Metsateater, lavastaja autor), Ain Saviaugu "Ulm ehk Unistus Liivimaast" (Põltsamaa teater Ellunäod, lavastaja autor)
Suha Arafat on tõusnud poliitilisele areenile / Riina Tallo
Tallo, Riina
2004-01-01
Suha Arafat kritiseerib Palestiina juhtkonda ning plaanib hakata osalema riigi poliitilises elus. Vt. samas: Eesti ei osale ilmselt Palestiina liidri matustel; Kaarel Kaas. Arafati hauaplats on välja valitud
Kõik on kusagil olemas / Riina Mägi
Mägi, Riina, 1957-
2005-01-01
Deivi Oru (34) maalinäitusest "Sentimentaalsed maastikud" Põltsamaa kultuurikeskuse galeriis. Kunstniku elukäigust ja loomingust Eestis ja Hispaanias: kampsunite kudumisest maalikunstini. Hispaanias kasutab ta nime Monica del Norte
Rootslanna Eestis kirjutas uue rootsi keele õpiku / Riina Noodapera
Noodapera, Riina, 1952-
2007-01-01
Carina Adolfssoni elust ja töötamisest Eestis. Rets. rmt.: Adolfsson, Carina. Sverige på svenska : lärobok i svenska för nybörjare : rootsi keele õpik algajatele : textbook in Swedish for beginners. Tallinn : Infotrükk, 2007. 179 lk.
Lenz, Eestis unustatud geenius / Riina Mägi
Mägi, Riina, 1957-
2001-01-01
Tartus toimunud rahvusvahelise Lenzi-konverentsi (Jakob Michael Reinhold Lenz) publik nägi väljasõidul Põltsamaale Lenzi kirjutatud näidendit "Haavatud peigmees", mis esitati Tartu üliõpilasteatri poolt Põltsamaa lossihoovis. Lav. Kalev Kudu
Majanduslikult soodsaim pakkumus ja pakkumuste hindamise kriteeriumid / Riina Karro
Karro, Riina
2011-01-01
Majanduslikult soodsaima pakkumuse ja madalaima hinnaga pakkumuse vahest ning majanduslikult soodsaima pakkumuse kui hindamiskriteeriumi sisunõuetest. Kvalifikatsiooni puudutavate tingimuste kasutamisest hindamiskriteeriumina
Suurem, pikem, lõikamata / Riina Mägi
Mägi, Riina, 1957-
2000-01-01
Animafilm "South Park : suurem, pikem ja lõikamata" ("South Park . Bigger, Longer & Uncut") : Stsenaristid Trey Parker, Matt Stone ja Pam Brady : režissöör Trey Parker : Ameerika Ühendriigid 1999
Eksperimente ja kilde kultuuriloost / Riina Mägi
Mägi, Riina, 1957-
2008-01-01
Theodor Lutsu 13. filmipäevad ja 10. lahtine lühifilmide konkurss Palamusel 15. augustil. Auhinnatud filmidest (anima-, dokumentaal-, mängu- ja ekperimentaalfilmid). Žüriisse kuulusid Helle Karis, Jaak Lõhmus, Erika Laansalu ja Tiina Säälik. Filmipäevade korraldajad olid taas Tiina Säälik ja Arne Tegelmann
Discrete-time optimal control and games on large intervals
Zaslavski, Alexander J
2017-01-01
Devoted to the structure of approximate solutions of discrete-time optimal control problems and approximate solutions of dynamic discrete-time two-player zero-sum games, this book presents results on properties of approximate solutions in an interval that is independent lengthwise, for all sufficiently large intervals. Results concerning the so-called turnpike property of optimal control problems and zero-sum games in the regions close to the endpoints of the time intervals are the main focus of this book. The description of the structure of approximate solutions on sufficiently large intervals and its stability will interest graduate students and mathematicians in optimal control and game theory, engineering, and economics. This book begins with a brief overview and moves on to analyze the structure of approximate solutions of autonomous nonconcave discrete-time optimal control Lagrange problems.Next the structures of approximate solutions of autonomous discrete-time optimal control problems that are discret...
Experimental uncertainty estimation and statistics for data having interval uncertainty.
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Kreinovich, Vladik (Applied Biomathematics, Setauket, New York); Oberkampf, William Louis (Applied Biomathematics, Setauket, New York); Ginzburg, Lev (Applied Biomathematics, Setauket, New York); Ferson, Scott (Applied Biomathematics, Setauket, New York); Hajagos, Janos (Applied Biomathematics, Setauket, New York)
2007-05-01
This report addresses the characterization of measurements that include epistemic uncertainties in the form of intervals. It reviews the application of basic descriptive statistics to data sets which contain intervals rather than exclusively point estimates. It describes algorithms to compute various means, the median and other percentiles, variance, interquartile range, moments, confidence limits, and other important statistics and summarizes the computability of these statistics as a function of sample size and characteristics of the intervals in the data (degree of overlap, size and regularity of widths, etc.). It also reviews the prospects for analyzing such data sets with the methods of inferential statistics such as outlier detection and regressions. The report explores the tradeoff between measurement precision and sample size in statistical results that are sensitive to both. It also argues that an approach based on interval statistics could be a reasonable alternative to current standard methods for evaluating, expressing and propagating measurement uncertainties.
Interval Semantics for Standard Floating-Point Arithmetic
Edmonson, W W
2008-01-01
If the non-zero finite floating-point numbers are interpreted as point intervals, then the effect of rounding can be interpreted as computing one of the bounds of the result according to interval arithmetic. We give an interval interpretation for the signed zeros and infinities, so that the undefined operations 0*inf, inf - inf, inf/inf, and 0/0 become defined. In this way no operation remains that gives rise to an error condition. Mathematically questionable features of the floating-point standard become well-defined sets of reals. Interval semantics provides a basis for the verification of numerical algorithms. We derive the results of the newly defined operations and consider the implications for hardware implementation.
Simulation of Interval Censored Data in Medical and Biological Studies
Kiani, Kaveh; Arasan, Jayanthi
This research looks at the simulation of interval censored data when the survivor function of the survival time is known and attendance probability of the subjects for follow-ups can take any number between 0 to 1. Interval censored data often arise in the medical and biological follow-up studies where the event of interest occurs somewhere between two known times. Regardless of the methods used to analyze these types of data, simulation of interval censored data is an important and challenging step toward model building and prediction of survival time. The simulation itself is rather tedious and very computer intensive due to the interval monitoring of subjects at prescheduled times and subject's incomplete attendance to follow-ups. In this paper the simulated data by the proposed method were assessed using the bias, standard error and root mean square error (RMSE) of the parameter estimates where the survival time T is assumed to follow the Gompertz distribution function.
QT interval changes in term pregnant women living at moderately ...
African Journals Online (AJOL)
2015-12-20
Dec 20, 2015 ... Objective: This study aimed to compare the QT interval changes in women with term pregnancy living at ... as an increase in circulating volume, heart rate, and cardiac ..... exercise before and after an himalayan expedition.
Effects of Interval Training Programme on Resting Heart Rate in ...
African Journals Online (AJOL)
Effects of Interval Training Programme on Resting Heart Rate in Subjects ... Results: Findings of the study revealed significant effect of exercise training program on HR. Also, changes in V02max negatively correlated with changes in HR (r= ...
The Partial Averaging of Fuzzy Differential Inclusions on Finite Interval
Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)
Andrej V. Plotnikov
2014-01-01
Full Text Available The substantiation of a possibility of application of partial averaging method on finite interval for differential inclusions with the fuzzy right-hand side with a small parameter is considered.
Frequency Interval Cross Gramians for Linear and Bilinear Systems
DEFF Research Database (Denmark)
Jazlan, Ahmad; Sreeram, Victor; Shaker, Hamid Reza
2017-01-01
In many control engineering problems, it is desired to analyze the systems at particular frequency intervals of interest. This paper focuses on the development of frequency interval cross gramians for both linear and bilinear systems. New generalized Sylvester equations for calculating...... the frequency interval cross gramians are derived in order to be used to obtain information regarding controllability and observability within a single matrix. The advantage of the proposed method is that it is computationally more efficient compared to existing gramian-based techniques since only half...... of the number of equations need to be solved in order to obtain information regarding the controllability and observability of a system compared to existing techniques. Numerical examples are provided to demonstrate the computational efficiency of the proposed method which uses frequency interval cross gramians...
Frequency Interval Cross Gramians for Linear and Bilinear Systems
DEFF Research Database (Denmark)
Jazlan, Ahmad; Sreeram, Victor; Shaker, Hamid Reza
2016-01-01
In many control engineering problems, it is desired to analyze the systems at particular frequency intervals of interest. This paper focuses on the development of frequency interval cross gramians for both linear and bilinear systems. New generalized Sylvester equations for calculating...... the frequency interval cross gramians are derived in order to be used to obtain information regarding controllability and observability within a single matrix. The advantage of the proposed method is that it is computationally more efficient compared to existing gramian-based techniques since only half...... of the number of equations need to be solved in order to obtain information regarding the controllability and observability of a system compared to existing techniques. Numerical examples are provided to demonstrate the computational efficiency of the proposed method which uses frequency interval cross gramians...
A Statistical Approach for Interval Forecasting of the Electricity Price
DEFF Research Database (Denmark)
Zhao, Jun Hua; Dong, Zhao Yang; Xu, Zhao
2008-01-01
of the electricity price series, which is widely accepted as a nonlinear time series; 2) to accurately estimate the prediction interval of the electricity price series. In the proposed approach, support vector machine (SVM) is employed to forecast the value of the price. To forecast the prediction interval, we......Electricity price forecasting is a difficult yet essential task for market participants in a deregulated electricity market. Rather than forecasting the value, market participants are sometimes more interested in forecasting the prediction interval of the electricity price. Forecasting...... the prediction interval is essential for estimating the uncertainty involved in the price and thus is highly useful for making generation bidding strategies and investment decisions. In this paper, a novel data mining-based approach is proposed to achieve two major objectives: 1) to accurately forecast the value...
New approach to multiple attribute decision making with interval numbers
Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)
Zhang Quan; Gao Qisheng; Geng Jinhua
2008-01-01
In an ambiguous decision domain, the evaluation values of alternatives against attributes would be interval numbers because of the inherent, uncertain property of the problems. By using a number of linear program-ming models, Bryson and Mobolurin propose an approach to compute attribute weights and overall values of the alternatives in the form of interval numbers. The intervals of the overall values of alternatives are then transformed into points or crisp values for comparisons among the alternatives. However, the attribute weights are different because of the use of linear programming models in Bryson and Mobolurin's approach. Thus, the alternatives are not comparable because different attribute weights are employed to calculate the overall values of the alternatives.A new approach is proposed to overcome the drawbacks of Bryson and Mobolurin's approach. By transforming the decision matrix with intervals into the one with crisp values, a new linear programming model is proposed, to calculate the attribute weights for conducting alternative ranking.
An Algorithm for Solution of an Interval Valued EOQ Model
Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)
Susovan CHAKRABORTTY
2013-01-01
Full Text Available This paper deals with the problem of determining the economic order quantity (EOQin the interval sense. A purchasing inventory model with shortages and lead time, whose carryingcost, shortage cost, setup cost, demand quantity and lead time are considered as interval numbers,instead of real numbers. First, a brief survey of the existing works on comparing and ranking anytwo interval numbers on the real line is presented. A common algorithm for the optimum productionquantity (Economic lot-size per cycle of a single product (so as to minimize the total average cost isdeveloped which works well on interval number optimization under consideration. A numerical exampleis presented for better understanding the solution procedure. Finally a sensitive analysis of the optimalsolution with respect to the parameters of the model is examined.
Recommended Nordic paediatric reference intervals for 21 common biochemical properties
DEFF Research Database (Denmark)
Hilsted, Linda; Rustad, Pål; Aksglæde, Lise;
2013-01-01
Abstract Paediatric reference intervals based on samples from healthy children are difficult to establish and consequently data are often from hospitalized children. Furthermore, biases may present in published data due to differences in the analytical methods employed. Blood samples from 1429...... healthy Danish children were collected for establishing reference intervals for 21 common biochemical properties (Alanine transaminase, Albumin, Alkaline phosphatase, Aspartate transaminase, Bilirubin, Calcium, Cholesterol, Creatinine, Creatine kinase, HDL-Cholesterol, Iron, Lactate dehydrogenase, LDL...... values of X for the properties and statistical calculations carried out as performed in the NORIP study. Thus commutable (regarding analytical method) reference intervals for 20 properties were established and for LDL-Cholesterol reference intervals were reported for the specific analytical method...
Calving interval genetic parameters and trends for dairy breeds in ...
African Journals Online (AJOL)
Calving interval genetic parameters and trends for dairy breeds in South Africa. ... easily be implemented in the National Dairy Genetic Evaluations of South Africa. ... calculated by averaging the CIindices of measured cows per year of birth.
Probabilistic robust stabilization of fractional order systems with interval uncertainty.
Alagoz, Baris Baykant; Yeroglu, Celaleddin; Senol, Bilal; Ates, Abdullah
2015-07-01
This study investigates effects of fractional order perturbation on the robust stability of linear time invariant systems with interval uncertainty. For this propose, a probabilistic stability analysis method based on characteristic root region accommodation in the first Riemann sheet is developed for interval systems. Stability probability distribution is calculated with respect to value of fractional order. Thus, we can figure out the fractional order interval, which makes the system robust stable. Moreover, the dependence of robust stability on the fractional order perturbation is analyzed by calculating the order sensitivity of characteristic polynomials. This probabilistic approach is also used to develop a robust stabilization algorithm based on parametric perturbation strategy. We present numerical examples demonstrating utilization of stability probability distribution in robust stabilization problems of interval uncertain systems.
Empirical Likelihood Ratio Confidence Interval for Positively Associated Series
Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)
Jun-jian Zhang
2007-01-01
Empirical likelihood is discussed by using the blockwise technique for strongly stationary,positively associated random variables.Our results show that the statistics is asymptotically chi-square distributed and the corresponding confidence interval can be constructed.
Methodological issues in international comparison of interval breast cancers
Bulliard, Jean-Luc; Sasieni, Peter; Klabunde, Carrie; De Landtsheer, Jean-Pierre; Yankaskas, Bonnie C.; Fracheboud, Jacques
2006-01-01
International comparisons of interval cancers (IC) are important to better understand the relationship between programmes' performance and screening practices. In this respect, differences in (i) definition, (ii) identification and (iii) quantification of IC have received little attention. To examin
Application of Interval Arithmetic to Production Planning in a Foundry
Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)
Duda J.
2017-03-01
Full Text Available A novel approach for treating the uncertainty about the real levels of finished products during production planning and scheduling process is presented in the paper. Interval arithmetic is used to describe uncertainty concerning the production that was planned to cover potential defective products, but meets customer’s quality requirement and can be delivered as fully valuable products. Interval lot sizing and scheduling model to solve this problem is proposed, then a dedicated version of genetic algorithm that is able to deal with interval arithmetic is used to solve the test problems taken from a real-world example described in the literature. The achieved results are compared with a standard approach in which no uncertainty about real production of valuable castings is considered. It has been shown that interval arithmetic can be a valuable method for modeling uncertainty, and proposed approach can provide more accurate information to the planners allowing them to take more tailored decisions.
Electrocardiographic PR-interval duration and cardiovascular risk
DEFF Research Database (Denmark)
Rasmussen, Peter Vibe; Nielsen, Jonas Bille; Skov, Morten Wagner
2017-01-01
BACKGROUND: Because of ambiguous reports in the literature, we aimed to investigate the association between PR interval and the risk of all-cause and cardiovascular death, heart failure, and pacemaker implantation, allowing for a nonlinear relationship. METHODS: We included 293,111 individuals...... into 7 groups based on the population PR interval distribution. Cox models were used, with reference to a PR interval between 152 and 161 ms (40th to identified 34,783 deaths from all causes, 9867 cardiovascular deaths, 9526 cases of incident heart...... failure, and 1805 pacemaker implantations. A short PR interval ( 200 ms; HR, 1.23; 95% CI, 1.14-1.32; P risk of cardiovascular death after...
Electrocardiographic QT interval and mortality: a meta-analysis
Zhang, Yiyi; Post, Wendy S.; Blasco-Colmenares, Elena; Dalal, Darshan; Tomaselli, Gordon F.; Guallar, Eliseo
2011-01-01
Background Extremely abnormal prolongation of the electrocardiographic QT interval is associated with malignant ventricular arrhythmias and sudden cardiac death. However, the implications of variations in QT-interval length within normal limits for mortality in the general population are still unclear. Methods We performed a meta-analysis to investigate the relation of QT interval with mortality endpoints. Inverse-variance weighted random-effects models were used to summarize the relative risks across studies. Twenty-three observational studies were included. Results The pooled relative risk estimates comparing the highest with the lowest categories of QT-interval length were 1.35 (95% confidence interval = 1.24–1.46) for total mortality, 1.51 (1.29–1.78) for cardiovascular mortality, 1.71 (1.36–2.15) for coronary heart disease mortality, and 1.44 (1.01–2.04) for sudden cardiac death. A 50 msec increase in QT interval was associated with a relative risk of 1.20 (1.15–1.26) for total mortality, 1.29 (1.15–1.46) for cardiovascular mortality, 1.49 (1.25–1.76) for coronary heart disease mortality, and 1.24 (0.97–1.60) for sudden cardiac death. Conclusions We found consistent associations between prolonged QT interval and increased risk of total, cardiovascular, coronary, and sudden cardiac death. QT-interval length is a determinant of mortality in the general population. PMID:21709561
Hybrid Metric Propositional Neighborhood Logics with Interval Length Binders
DEFF Research Database (Denmark)
Della Monica, Dario; Goranko, Valentin; Sciavicco, Guido
2011-01-01
We investigate the question of how much hybrid machinery can be added to the interval neighbourhood logic PNL and its metric extension MPNL without losing the decidability of their satisfiability problem in N. In particular, we consider the natural hybrid extension of MPNL obtained by adding...... over interval lengths. These results show that MPNL itself is, in this sense, a maximal decidable (weakly) hybrid extension of PNL. © 2011 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved....
An Interval Maximum Entropy Method for Quadratic Programming Problem
Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)
RUI Wen-juan; CAO De-xin; SONG Xie-wu
2005-01-01
With the idea of maximum entropy function and penalty function methods, we transform the quadratic programming problem into an unconstrained differentiable optimization problem, discuss the interval extension of the maximum entropy function, provide the region deletion test rules and design an interval maximum entropy algorithm for quadratic programming problem. The convergence of the method is proved and numerical results are presented. Both theoretical and numerical results show that the method is reliable and efficient.
A Neural Network-Based Interval Pattern Matcher
Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)
Jing Lu
2015-07-01
Full Text Available One of the most important roles in the machine learning area is to classify, and neural networks are very important classifiers. However, traditional neural networks cannot identify intervals, let alone classify them. To improve their identification ability, we propose a neural network-based interval matcher in our paper. After summarizing the theoretical construction of the model, we take a simple and a practical weather forecasting experiment, which show that the recognizer accuracy reaches 100% and that is promising.
A Neural Network-Based Interval Pattern Matcher
Jing Lu; Shengjun Xue; Xiakun Zhang; Yang Han
2015-01-01
One of the most important roles in the machine learning area is to classify, and neural networks are very important classifiers. However, traditional neural networks cannot identify intervals, let alone classify them. To improve their identification ability, we propose a neural network-based interval matcher in our paper. After summarizing the theoretical construction of the model, we take a simple and a practical weather forecasting experiment, which show that the recognizer accuracy reaches...
Reference interval for thyrotropin in a ultrasonography screened Korean population
Kim, Mijin; Kim, Tae Yong; Kim, Soo Han; Lee, Yunkyoung; Park, Su-Yeon; Kim, Hyung-Don; Kwon, Hyemi; Choi, Yun Mi; Jang, Eun Kyung; Jeon, Min Ji; Kim, Won Gu; Shong, Young Kee; Kim, Won Bae
2015-01-01
Background/Aims The diagnostic accuracy of thyroid dysfunctions is primarily affected by the validity of the reference interval for serum thyroid-stimulating hormone (TSH). Thus, the present study aimed to establish a reference interval for TSH using a normal Korean population. Methods This study included 19,465 subjects who were recruited after undergoing routine health check-ups. Subjects with overt thyroid disease, a prior history of thyroid disease, or a family history of thyroid cancer w...
Updating metacognitive control in response to expected retention intervals.
Fiechter, Joshua L; Benjamin, Aaron S
2016-10-21
In five experiments, we investigated whether expected retention intervals affect subjects' encoding strategies. In the first four experiments, our subjects studied paired associates consisting of words from the Graduate Record Exam and a synonym. They were told to expect a test on a word pair after either a short or a longer interval. Subjects were tested on most pairs after the expected retention interval. For some pairs, however, subjects were tested after the other retention interval, allowing for a comparison of performance at a given retention interval conditional upon the expected retention interval. No effect of the expected retention interval was found for 1 min versus 4 min (Exp. 1), 30 s versus 3 min (Exp. 2), and 30 s versus 10 min (Exps. 3 and 4), even when subjects were given complete control over the pacing of study items (Exp. 4). However, when the difference between the expected retention intervals was increased massively (10 min vs. 24 h; Exp. 5), subjects remembered more items that they expected to be tested sooner, an effect consistent with the idea that they traded off efforts to remember items for the later test versus items that were about to be tested. Overall, this set of results accords with much of the test-expectancy literature, revealing that subjects are often reluctant to adjust encoding strategies on an item-by-item basis, and when they do, they usually make quantitative, rather than qualitative, adjustments.
Utility of corrected QT interval in orthostatic intolerance.
Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)
Jung Bin Kim
Full Text Available We performed this study to determine whether electrocardiographic corrected QT (QTc interval predicts alterations in sympathovagal balance during orthostatic intolerance (OI. We reviewed 1,368 patients presenting with symptoms suggestive of OI who underwent electrocardiography and composite autonomic function tests (AFTs. Patients with a positive response to the head-up tilt test were classified into orthostatic hypotension (OH, neurocardiogenic syncope (NCS, or postural orthostatic tachycardia syndrome (POTS groups. A total of 275 patients (159 OH, 54 NCS, and 62 POTS were included in the final analysis. Between-group comparisons of OI symptom grade, QTc interval, QTc dispersion, and each AFT measure were performed. QTc interval and dispersion were correlated with AFT measures. OH Patients had the most severe OI symptom grade and NCS patients the mildest. Patients with OH showed the longest QTc interval (448.8±33.6 msec, QTc dispersion (59.5±30.3 msec and the lowest values in heart rate response to deep breathing (HRDB (10.3±6.0 beats/min and Valsalva ratio (1.3±0.2. Patients with POTS showed the shortest QTc interval (421.7±28.6 msec, the highest HRDB values (24.5±9.2 beats/min, Valsalva ratio (1.8±0.3, and proximal and distal leg sweat volumes in the quantitative sudomotor axon reflex test. QTc interval correlated negatively with HRDB (r = -0.443, p<0.001 and Valsalva ratio (r = -0.425, p<0.001. We found negative correlations between QTc interval and AFT values representing cardiovagal function in patients with OI. Our findings suggest that prolonged QTc interval may be considered to be a biomarker for detecting alterations in sympathovagal balance, especially cardiovagal dysfunction in OH.
An interval-valued reliability model with bounded failure rates
DEFF Research Database (Denmark)
Kozine, Igor; Krymsky, Victor
2012-01-01
The approach to deriving interval-valued reliability measures described in this paper is distinctive from other imprecise reliability models in that it overcomes the issue of having to impose an upper bound on time to failure. It rests on the presupposition that a constant interval-valued failure...... function if only partial failure information is available. An example is provided. © 2012 Copyright Taylor and Francis Group, LLC....
tolerance: An R Package for Estimating Tolerance Intervals
Derek S. Young
2010-01-01
The tolerance package for R provides a set of functions for estimating and plotting tolerance limits. This package provides a wide-range of functions for estimating discrete and continuous tolerance intervals as well as for estimating regression tolerance intervals. An additional tool of the tolerance package is the plotting capability for the univariate and regression settings as well as for the multivariate normal setting. The tolerance package's capabilities are illustrated using simulated...
Interval Analysis of the Finite Element Method for Stochastic Structures
Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)
刘长虹; 刘筱玲; 陈虬
2004-01-01
A random parameter can be transformed into an interval number in the structural analysis with the concept of the confidence interval. Hence, analyses of uncertain structural systems can be used in the traditional FEM software. In some cases, the amount of solutions in stochastic structures is nearly as many as that in the traditional structural problems. In addition, a new method to evaluate the failure probability of structures is presented for the needs of the modern engineering design.
Antipsychotic Polypharmacy and Corrected QT Interval: A Systematic Review.
Takeuchi, Hiroyoshi; Suzuki, Takefumi; Remington, Gary; Uchida, Hiroyuki
2015-05-01
It remains unclear whether antipsychotic polypharmacy, a common clinical practice, is related to an increased risk of corrected time between start of Q wave and end of T wave (QTc) interval prolongation. We conducted a systematic review of the literature to address this important issue. A systematic literature search was conducted in October 2014, using MEDLINE, Embase, and PsycINFO. Studies and case reports were included if they reported QTc intervals or QTc interval changes before and after antipsychotic polypharmacy or QTc intervals in both antipsychotic polypharmacy and monotherapy groups. A total of 21 articles (10 clinical trials, 4 observational studies, and 7 case reports) met inclusion criteria. The clinical trials have shown that a combination treatment with risperidone or pimozide is not obviously related to an increase in QTc interval, whereas ziprasidone or sertindole combined with clozapine may prolong QTc interval. Among the 4 observational studies, antipsychotic polypharmacy was not clearly associated with QTc prolongation in 3 studies, each cross-sectional. In contrast, one prospective study showed a significant increase in QTc interval following antipsychotic coadministration. The case reports indicated an increased risk of QTc prolongation in at least some patients receiving antipsychotic polypharmacy. Currently available evidence fails to confirm that antipsychotic polypharmacy worsens QTc prolongation in general, although the evidence is scarce and inconsistent. Clinicians are advised to remain conservative in resorting to antipsychotic polypharmacy, as a combination of some QTc-prolongation liable antipsychotics may further prolong QTc interval, and efficacy supporting the clinical benefits of antipsychotic polypharmacy is equivocal, at best.
Interval between insulin injection and breakfast in diabetes.
Sackey, A H; Jefferson, I G
1994-01-01
The relationship between the insulin-breakfast interval, postprandial increase in blood glucose, and glycaemic control was studied in 58 children with diabetes. Patients recorded insulin-breakfast intervals in a home diary over a seven day period, and during a 24 hour period at the weekend provided eight serial capillary dried blood spots for glucose analysis. The highest mean blood glucose value occurred two hours after breakfast and showed a significant correlation with fructosamine concent...
Reinforcing value of interval and continuous physical activity in children.
Barkley, Jacob E; Epstein, Leonard H; Roemmich, James N
2009-08-04
During play children engage in short bouts of intense activity, much like interval training. This natural preference for interval-type activity may have important implications for prescribing the most motivating type of physical activity, but the motivation of children to be physically active in interval or continuous fashion has not yet been examined. In the present study, ventilatory threshold (VT) and VO2 peak were determined in boys (n=16) and girls (n=16) age 10+/-1.3 years. Children sampled interval and continuous constant-load physical activity protocols on a cycle ergometer at 20% VT on another day. The physical activity protocols were matched for energy expenditure. Children then completed an operant button pressing task using a progressive fixed ratio schedule to assess the relative reinforcing value (RRV) of interval versus continuous physical activity. The number of button presses performed to gain access in interval or continuous physical activity and output maximum (O(max)) were the primary outcome variables. Children performed more button presses (PVT and reinforcing than continuous constant-load physical activity for children when exercising both >VT and reinforcing than longer, continuous activity.
Scaling and memory in volatility return intervals in financial markets
Yamasaki, Kazuko; Muchnik, Lev; Havlin, Shlomo; Bunde, Armin; Stanley, H. Eugene
2005-06-01
For both stock and currency markets, we study the return intervals τ between the daily volatilities of the price changes that are above a certain threshold q. We find that the distribution function Pq(τ) scales with the mean return interval [Formula] as [Formula]. The scaling function f(x) is similar in form for all seven stocks and for all seven currency databases analyzed, and f(x) is consistent with a power-law form, f(x) ˜ x-γ with γ ≈ 2. We also quantify how the conditional distribution Pq(τ|τ0) depends on the previous return interval τ0 and find that small (or large) return intervals are more likely to be followed by small (or large) return intervals. This “clustering” of the volatility return intervals is a previously unrecognized phenomenon that we relate to the long-term correlations known to be present in the volatility. Author contributions: S.H. and H.E.S. designed research; K.Y., L.M., S.H., and H.E.S. performed research; A.B. contributed new reagents/analytic tools; A.B. analyzed data; and S.H. wrote the paper.Abbreviations: pdf, probability density function; S&P 500, Standard and Poor's 500 Index; USD, U.S. dollar; JPY, Japanese yen; SEK, Swedish krona.
Some interval-valued intuitionistic uncertain linguistic hybrid Shapley operators
Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)
Fanyong Meng; Chunqiao Tan; Qiang Zhang
2014-01-01
Two interval-valued intuitionistic uncertain linguistic hybrid operators cal ed the induced interval-valued intuitionistic uncertain linguistic hybrid Shapley averaging (I-IIULHSA) operator and the induced interval-valued intuitionistic uncertain linguistic hy-brid Shapley geometric (I-IIULHSG) operator are defined. These operators not only reflect the importance of elements and their ordered positions, but also consider the correlations among ele-ments and their ordered positions. Since the fuzzy measures are defined on the power set, it makes the problem exponential y com-plex. In order to simplify the complexity of solving a fuzzy measure, we further define the induced interval-valued intuitionistic uncer-tain linguistic hybrid λ-Shapley averaging (I-IIULHλSA) operator and the induced interval-valued intuitionistic uncertain linguistic hybrid λ-Shapley geometric (I-IIULHλSG) operator. Moreover, an approach for multi-attribute group decision making under the interval-valued intuitionistic uncertain linguistic environment is de-veloped. Final y, a numerical example is provided to verify the developed procedure and demonstrate its practicality and feasibil-ity.
Event- and interval-based measurement of stuttering: a review.
Valente, Ana Rita S; Jesus, Luis M T; Hall, Andreia; Leahy, Margaret
2015-01-01
Event- and interval-based measurements are two different ways of computing frequency of stuttering. Interval-based methodology emerged as an alternative measure to overcome problems associated with reproducibility in the event-based methodology. No review has been made to study the effect of methodological factors in interval-based absolute reliability data or to compute the agreement between the two methodologies in terms of inter-judge, intra-judge and accuracy (i.e., correspondence between raters' scores and an established criterion). To provide a review related to reproducibility of event-based and time-interval measurement, and to verify the effect of methodological factors (training, experience, interval duration, sample presentation order and judgment conditions) on agreement of time-interval measurement; in addition, to determine if it is possible to quantify the agreement between the two methodologies The first two authors searched for articles on ERIC, MEDLINE, PubMed, B-on, CENTRAL and Dissertation Abstracts during January-February 2013 and retrieved 495 articles. Forty-eight articles were selected for review. Content tables were constructed with the main findings. Articles related to event-based measurements revealed values of inter- and intra-judge greater than 0.70 and agreement percentages beyond 80%. The articles related to time-interval measures revealed that, in general, judges with more experience with stuttering presented significantly higher levels of intra- and inter-judge agreement. Inter- and intra-judge values were beyond the references for high reproducibility values for both methodologies. Accuracy (regarding the closeness of raters' judgements with an established criterion), intra- and inter-judge agreement were higher for trained groups when compared with non-trained groups. Sample presentation order and audio/video conditions did not result in differences in inter- or intra-judge results. A duration of 5 s for an interval appears to be
Riina Vändre is the best P.R. manager in Estonia / Riina Vändre
Vändre, Riina, 1972-
2004-01-01
Turu-uuringute AS-i poolt ajakirjanike hulgas läbi viidud küsitluse tulemusel Eesti parimaks suhtekorraldajaks valitud Eesti Energia avalike suhete juht oma tööst monopoolse suurettevõtte maine kujundamisel
Riina Vändre is the best P.R. manager in Estonia / Riina Vändre
Vändre, Riina, 1972-
2004-01-01
Turu-uuringute AS-i poolt ajakirjanike hulgas läbi viidud küsitluse tulemusel Eesti parimaks suhtekorraldajaks valitud Eesti Energia avalike suhete juht oma tööst monopoolse suurettevõtte maine kujundamisel
Hafezalkotob, Arian; Hafezalkotob, Ashkan
2016-12-01
A target-based MADM method covers beneficial and non-beneficial attributes besides target values for some attributes. Such techniques are considered as the comprehensive forms of MADM approaches. Target-based MADM methods can also be used in traditional decision-making problems in which beneficial and non-beneficial attributes only exist. In many practical selection problems, some attributes have given target values. The values of decision matrix and target-based attributes can be provided as intervals in some of such problems. Some target-based decision-making methods have recently been developed; however, a research gap exists in the area of MADM techniques with target-based attributes under uncertainty of information. We extend the MULTIMOORA method for solving practical material selection problems in which material properties and their target values are given as interval numbers. We employ various concepts of interval computations to reduce degeneration of uncertain data. In this regard, we use interval arithmetic and introduce innovative formula for interval distance of interval numbers to create interval target-based normalization technique. Furthermore, we use a pairwise preference matrix based on the concept of degree of preference of interval numbers to calculate the maximum, minimum, and ranking of these numbers. Two decision-making problems regarding biomaterials selection of hip and knee prostheses are discussed. Preference degree-based ranking lists for subordinate parts of the extended MULTIMOORA method are generated by calculating the relative degrees of preference for the arranged assessment values of the biomaterials. The resultant rankings for the problem are compared with the outcomes of other target-based models in the literature.
2007-01-01
A common procedure for studying the ability of animals to time is the peak procedure. With the peak procedure animals are first trained on a fixed interval schedule (i.e., 30 seconds). After the animals have been well trained on the fixed interval schedule, probe trials are introduced. On probe trials the stimulus is presented longer (i.e., 90 seconds) and the animal does not receive reinforcement for responding. When animals are first presented with probe trials responding remains flat follo...
2005-01-01
Einar Miksoni, Peedu Zeigeri, Reet Põldaru, Riina Miljani, Meelis Otsa, Maarika Alaru ja Lilita Ozola doktoriväitekirjade kaitsmisest Eesti Põllumajandusülikoolis; Eesti Põllumajandusülikooli üliõpilaste magistritööde kaitsmisest : Kristiina Kütt, Rein Kalle, Matis Luik, Kadrin Juhkam, Andres Elias, Taavi Võsa, Hille Laos, Heli Paasma; Janika Sanderi "Geodeetiline tihendusvõrk Eestis. Satelliidi-, vastuvõtja- ja keskkonnapõhiste veaallikate möju", Ina Melnikova "Tartu linna ortofotomosaiigi valmistamine (programmi PHOTOMOD näitel) ja tema geomeetriline kvaliteet"; Natalja Morozova "Gravimeetrilise geoidi NKG04 võrdlemine loodpinnaga Läänemerel"; Inno Kalbergi "Arvestuse infosüsteemide rakendamise aspektid Eestis"; Elina Leineri "Ammendatud freesturbatootmisalade taimestumist mõjutavad tegurid Pärnu ja Tartu maakonna jääksoode näitel"
2005-01-01
Einar Miksoni, Peedu Zeigeri, Reet Põldaru, Riina Miljani, Meelis Otsa, Maarika Alaru ja Lilita Ozola doktoriväitekirjade kaitsmisest Eesti Põllumajandusülikoolis; Eesti Põllumajandusülikooli üliõpilaste magistritööde kaitsmisest : Kristiina Kütt, Rein Kalle, Matis Luik, Kadrin Juhkam, Andres Elias, Taavi Võsa, Hille Laos, Heli Paasma; Janika Sanderi "Geodeetiline tihendusvõrk Eestis. Satelliidi-, vastuvõtja- ja keskkonnapõhiste veaallikate möju", Ina Melnikova "Tartu linna ortofotomosaiigi valmistamine (programmi PHOTOMOD näitel) ja tema geomeetriline kvaliteet"; Natalja Morozova "Gravimeetrilise geoidi NKG04 võrdlemine loodpinnaga Läänemerel"; Inno Kalbergi "Arvestuse infosüsteemide rakendamise aspektid Eestis"; Elina Leineri "Ammendatud freesturbatootmisalade taimestumist mõjutavad tegurid Pärnu ja Tartu maakonna jääksoode näitel"
A Comparative Study on Decision Making Methods with Interval Data
Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)
Aditya Chauhan
2014-01-01
Full Text Available Multiple Criteria Decision Making (MCDM models are used to solve a number of decision making problems universally. Most of these methods require the use of integers as input data. However, there are problems which have indeterminate values or data intervals which need to be analysed. In order to solve problems with interval data, many methods have been reported. Through this study an attempt has been made to compare and analyse the popular decision making tools for interval data problems. Namely, I-TOPSIS (Technique for Order Preference by Similarity to Ideal Solution, DI-TOPSIS, cross entropy, and interval VIKOR (VlseKriterijumska Optimiza-cija I Kompromisno Resenje have been compared and a novel algorithm has been proposed. The new algorithm makes use of basic TOPSIS technique to overcome the limitations of known methods. To compare the effectiveness of the various methods, an example problem has been used where selection of best material family for the capacitor application has to be made. It was observed that the proposed algorithm is able to overcome the known limitations of the previous techniques. Thus, it can be easily and efficiently applied to various decision making problems with interval data.
Toward a universal equation to estimate postmortem interval.
Maile, Amy E; Inoue, Christopher G; Barksdale, Larry E; Carter, David O
2017-03-01
Estimating postmortem interval is an important goal in medicolegal death investigations. Although several methods have been developed to achieve this goal, many of these require significant time and advanced expertise to generate a reliable estimate. Unfortunately these techniques do not provide much insight during the early stages of an investigation when critical decisions must be made regarding the allocation of investigative resources. An equation was recently developed to address this problem: provide a preliminary estimate of postmortem interval to initiate an investigation while more advanced techniques are conducted. To evaluate this equation, we used it to estimate postmortem interval at multiple indoor death scenes with known PMI in Nebraska and Hawai'i. This equation allowed us to accurately estimate PMI at 15 of 19 (79%) indoor death scenes. In Nebraska, this equation was accurate at 100% of the scenes. In Hawai'i, this equation was accurate at 60% of the scenes. All inaccurate estimates of postmortem interval were associated with at least 20% mass loss and a postmortem interval of ≥4 days. Although this equation was accurate at the majority of the death scenes attended, we conclude that more research is warranted, particularly the effect of climate on decomposition and the investigators' ability to accurately estimate soft tissue mass loss.
Scaling and memory in the return intervals of realized volatility
Ren, Fei; Gu, Gao-Feng; Zhou, Wei-Xing
2009-11-01
We perform return interval analysis of 1-min realized volatility defined by the sum of absolute high-frequency intraday returns for the Shanghai Stock Exchange Composite Index (SSEC) and 22 constituent stocks of SSEC. The scaling behavior and memory effect of the return intervals between successive realized volatilities above a certain threshold q are carefully investigated. In comparison with the volatility defined by the closest tick prices to the minute marks, the return interval distribution for the realized volatility shows a better scaling behavior since 20 stocks (out of 22 stocks) and the SSEC pass the Kolmogorov-Smirnov (KS) test and exhibit scaling behaviors, among which the scaling function for 8 stocks could be approximated well by a stretched exponential distribution revealed by the KS goodness-of-fit test under the significance level of 5%. The improved scaling behavior is further confirmed by the relation between the fitted exponent γ and the threshold q. In addition, the similarity of the return interval distributions for different stocks is also observed for the realized volatility. The investigation of the conditional probability distribution and the detrended fluctuation analysis (DFA) show that both short-term and long-term memory exists in the return intervals of realized volatility.
Interval timer control of puberty in photoinhibited Siberian hamsters.
Park, Jin Ho; Kauffman, Alexander S; Paul, Matthew J; Butler, Matthew P; Beery, Annaliese K; Costantini, Ruth M; Zucker, Irving
2006-10-01
Puberty, which is markedly delayed in male Siberian hamsters (Phodopus sungorus) born into short day lengths, is controlled by an interval timer regulated by the duration of nocturnal melatonin secretion. Properties of the interval timer were assessed by perturbing normal patterns of melatonin secretion in males gestated and maintained thereafter in 1 of 2 short day lengths, 10 h light/day (10 L) or 12L. Melatonin secretion of short-day hamsters was suppressed by constant light treatment or modified by daily injection of propranolol to mimic nocturnal melatonin durations typical of long-day hamsters. Constant light treatment during weeks 3 to 5 induced early incomplete gonadal growth in 12L but not 10 L hamsters but did not affect late onset of gonadal development indicative of puberty in either photoperiod. Propranolol treatment during postnatal weeks 3 to 5 induced transient growth of the testes and ultimately delayed the timing of puberty by 3 weeks. Similar treatments between weeks 5 and 7 or on alternate weeks for 24 weeks did not affect the interval timer. The first 2 weeks after weaning may constitute a critical period during which the interval timer is highly responsive to photoperiod. Alternatively, the hamsters' photoperiodic history rather than age or developmental stage may be the critical variable. The interpolation of long-day melatonin signals at the time of weaning does not appear to reset the interval timer to its zero position but may reduce timer responsiveness to long-day melatonin signals several weeks later.
Physiological responses to an acute bout of sprint interval cycling.
Freese, Eric C; Gist, Nicholas H; Cureton, Kirk J
2013-10-01
Sprint interval training has been shown to improve skeletal muscle oxidative capacity, V[Combining Dot Above]O2max, and health outcomes. However, the acute physiological responses to 4-7 maximal effort intervals have not been determined. To determine the V[Combining Dot Above]O2, cardiorespiratory responses, and energy expenditure during an acute bout of sprint interval cycling (SIC), health, college-aged subjects, 6 men and 6 women, completed 2 SIC sessions with at least 7 days between trials. Sprint interval cycling was performed on a cycle ergometer and involved a 5-minute warm-up followed by four 30-second all-out sprints with 4-minute active recovery. Peak oxygen uptake (ml·kg·min) during the 4 sprints were 35.3 ± 8.2, 38.8 ± 10.1, 38.8 ± 10.6, and 36.8 ± 9.3, and peak heart rate (b·min) were 164 ± 17, 172 ± 10, 177 ± 12, and 175 ± 22. We conclude that an acute bout of SIC elicits submaximal V[Combining Dot Above]O2 and cardiorespiratory responses during each interval that are above 80% of estimated maximal values. Although the duration of exercise in SIC is very short, the high level of V[Combining Dot Above]O2 and cardiorespiratory responses are sufficient to potentially elicit adaptations to training associated with elevated aerobic energy demand.
Application of Interval Predictor Models to Space Radiation Shielding
Crespo, Luis G.; Kenny, Sean P.; Giesy,Daniel P.; Norman, Ryan B.; Blattnig, Steve R.
2016-01-01
This paper develops techniques for predicting the uncertainty range of an output variable given input-output data. These models are called Interval Predictor Models (IPM) because they yield an interval valued function of the input. This paper develops IPMs having a radial basis structure. This structure enables the formal description of (i) the uncertainty in the models parameters, (ii) the predicted output interval, and (iii) the probability that a future observation would fall in such an interval. In contrast to other metamodeling techniques, this probabilistic certi cate of correctness does not require making any assumptions on the structure of the mechanism from which data are drawn. Optimization-based strategies for calculating IPMs having minimal spread while containing all the data are developed. Constraints for bounding the minimum interval spread over the continuum of inputs, regulating the IPMs variation/oscillation, and centering its spread about a target point, are used to prevent data over tting. Furthermore, we develop an approach for using expert opinion during extrapolation. This metamodeling technique is illustrated using a radiation shielding application for space exploration. In this application, we use IPMs to describe the error incurred in predicting the ux of particles resulting from the interaction between a high-energy incident beam and a target.
Interval Management: Development and Implementation of an Airborne Spacing Concept
Barmore, Bryan E.; Penhallegon, William J.; Weitz, Lesley A.; Bone, Randall S.; Levitt, Ian; Flores Kriegsfeld, Julia A.; Arbuckle, Doug; Johnson, William C.
2016-01-01
Interval Management is a suite of ADS-B-enabled applications that allows the air traffic controller to instruct a flight crew to achieve and maintain a desired spacing relative to another aircraft. The flight crew, assisted by automation, manages the speed of their aircraft to deliver more precise inter-aircraft spacing than is otherwise possible, which increases traffic throughput at the same or higher levels of safety. Interval Management has evolved from a long history of research and is now seen as a core NextGen capability. With avionics standards recently published, completion of an Investment Analysis Readiness Decision by the FAA, and multiple flight tests planned, Interval Management will soon be part of everyday use in the National Airspace System. Second generation, Advanced Interval Management capabilities are being planned to provide a wider range of operations and improved performance and benefits. This paper briefly reviews the evolution of Interval Management and describes current development and deployment plans. It also reviews concepts under development as the next generation of applications.
Fuzzy and interval finite element method for heat conduction problem
Majumdar, Sarangam; Chakraverty, S
2012-01-01
Traditional finite element method is a well-established method to solve various problems of science and engineering. Different authors have used various methods to solve governing differential equation of heat conduction problem. In this study, heat conduction in a circular rod has been considered which is made up of two different materials viz. aluminum and copper. In earlier studies parameters in the differential equation have been taken as fixed (crisp) numbers which actually may not. Those parameters are found in general by some measurements or experiments. So the material properties are actually uncertain and may be considered to vary in an interval or as fuzzy and in that case complex interval arithmetic or fuzzy arithmetic has to be considered in the analysis. As such the problem is discretized into finite number of elements which depend on interval/fuzzy parameters. Representation of interval/fuzzy numbers may give the clear picture of uncertainty. Hence interval/fuzzy arithmetic is applied in the fin...
Statistical regularities in the return intervals of volatility
Wang, F.; Weber, P.; Yamasaki, K.; Havlin, S.; Stanley, H. E.
2007-01-01
We discuss recent results concerning statistical regularities in the return intervals of volatility in financial markets. In particular, we show how the analysis of volatility return intervals, defined as the time between two volatilities larger than a given threshold, can help to get a better understanding of the behavior of financial time series. We find scaling in the distribution of return intervals for thresholds ranging over a factor of 25, from 0.6 to 15 standard deviations, and also for various time windows from one minute up to 390 min (an entire trading day). Moreover, these results are universal for different stocks, commodities, interest rates as well as currencies. We also analyze the memory in the return intervals which relates to the memory in the volatility and find two scaling regimes, ℓ ℓ* with α2=0.92±0.04; these exponent values are similar to results of Liu et al. for the volatility. As an application, we use the scaling and memory properties of the return intervals to suggest a possibly useful method for estimating risk.
Mahalakshmi, V.; Gururaj, N.; Sathya, R.; Sabarinath, T. R.; Sivapathasundharam, B.; Kalaiselvan, S.
2016-01-01
Introduction: Conventional methods to estimate the time of death are adequate, but a histological method is yet unavailable to assess postmortem interval (PMI). The autolytic changes that occur in an unfixed antemortem gingival tissue which reflects histologically at an early stage are similar to changes that occur in postmortem tissue. These histological changes can be used and applied in a postmortem tissue as a method to assess PMI. Aims: The aim of the study is to assess the histological changes in a gingival tissue left unfixed for various time intervals and to correlate the findings with duration. Materials and Methods: Sixty gingival tissues obtained from patients following therapeutic extractions, impactions, gingivectomy and crown lengthening procedures were used. Each tissue obtained was divided into two pieces and labeled as “A”, the control group and “ B” the study group. Tissues labeled “A” were fixed in 10% formalin immediately and tissues labeled“B” were placed in closed containers and fixed after 15, 30, 45 min, 1, 2, and 4 h time interval. Of the sixty tissues in the study group “ B”, ten tissues were used for each time interval under investigation. All the fixed tissues were processed, stained, assessed, and analyzed statistically using Pearson correlation and regression analysis. Results: Histological changes appear at 15 min in an unfixed antemortem tissue. At 2 h interval, all layers with few cells in basal cell layer are involved. At 4 h interval, loss of stratification and complete homogenization of cells in the superficial layers with prominent changes in basal layer is evident. There was a positive correlation (<1.0) between the time interval and the appearance of the histological changes. Conclusion: Histological changes such as complete homogenization of cells in superficial layers and loss of epithelial architecture at 4 h in unfixed antemortem tissue may be used as a criterion to estimate PMI, after further studies
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V Mahalakshmi
2016-01-01
Full Text Available Introduction: Conventional methods to estimate the time of death are adequate, but a histological method is yet unavailable to assess postmortem interval (PMI. The autolytic changes that occur in an unfixed antemortem gingival tissue which reflects histologically at an early stage are similar to changes that occur in postmortem tissue. These histological changes can be used and applied in a postmortem tissue as a method to assess PMI. Aims: The aim of the study is to assess the histological changes in a gingival tissue left unfixed for various time intervals and to correlate the findings with duration. Materials and Methods: Sixty gingival tissues obtained from patients following therapeutic extractions, impactions, gingivectomy and crown lengthening procedures were used. Each tissue obtained was divided into two pieces and labeled as “A”, the control group and “ B” the study group. Tissues labeled “A” were fixed in 10% formalin immediately and tissues labeled“B” were placed in closed containers and fixed after 15, 30, 45 min, 1, 2, and 4 h time interval. Of the sixty tissues in the study group “ B”, ten tissues were used for each time interval under investigation. All the fixed tissues were processed, stained, assessed, and analyzed statistically using Pearson correlation and regression analysis. Results: Histological changes appear at 15 min in an unfixed antemortem tissue. At 2 h interval, all layers with few cells in basal cell layer are involved. At 4 h interval, loss of stratification and complete homogenization of cells in the superficial layers with prominent changes in basal layer is evident. There was a positive correlation (<1.0 between the time interval and the appearance of the histological changes.Conclusion: Histological changes such as complete homogenization of cells in superficial layers and loss of epithelial architecture at 4 h in unfixed antemortem tissue may be used as a criterion to estimate PMI, after
TIME INTERVAL APPROACH TO THE PULSED NEUTRON LOGGING METHOD
Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)
赵经武; 苏为宁
1994-01-01
The time interval of neibouring neutrons emitted from a steady state neutron source can be treated as that from a time-dependent neutron source,In the rock space.the neutron flux is given by the neutron diffusion equation and is composed of an infinite number of “modes”,EaCh“mode”,is composed of two die-away curves.The delay action has been discussed and used to measure the time interval with only one detector in the experiment,Nuclear reactions with the time distribution due to different types of radiations observed in the neutron well-logging methods are presented with a view to getting the rock nuclear parameters from the time interval technique.
Scaling and memory in recurrence intervals of Internet traffic
Cai, Shi-Min; Zhou, Tao; Gu, Jun; Zhou, Pei-Ling
2009-01-01
By studying the statistics of recurrence intervals, $\\tau$, between volatilities of Internet traffic rate changes exceeding a certain threshold $q$, we find that the probability distribution functions, $P_{q}(\\tau)$, for both byte and packet flows, show scaling property as $P_{q}(\\tau)=\\frac{1}{\\overline{\\tau}}f(\\frac{\\tau}{\\overline{\\tau}})$. The scaling functions for both byte and packet flows obeys the same stretching exponential form, $f(x)=A\\texttt{exp}(-Bx^{\\beta})$, with $\\beta \\approx 0.45$. In addition, we detect a strong memory effect that a short (or long) recurrence interval tends to be followed by another short (or long) one. The detrended fluctuation analysis further demonstrates the presence of long-term correlation in recurrence intervals.
Complex human activities recognition using interval temporal syntactic model
Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)
夏利民; 韩芬; 王军
2016-01-01
A novel method based on interval temporal syntactic model was proposed to recognize human activities in video flow. The method is composed of two parts: feature extract and activities recognition. Trajectory shape descriptor, speeded up robust features (SURF) and histograms of optical flow (HOF) were proposed to represent human activities, which provide more exhaustive information to describe human activities on shape, structure and motion. In the process of recognition, a probabilistic latent semantic analysis model (PLSA) was used to recognize sample activities at the first step. Then, an interval temporal syntactic model, which combines the syntactic model with the interval algebra to model the temporal dependencies of activities explicitly, was introduced to recognize the complex activities with a time relationship. Experiments results show the effectiveness of the proposed method in comparison with other state-of-the-art methods on the public databases for the recognition of complex activities.
INTERVALS OF ACTIVE PLAY AND BREAK IN BASKETBALL GAMES
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Pavle Rubin
2010-09-01
Full Text Available The problem of the research comes from the need for decomposition of a basketball game. The aim was to determine the intervals of active game (“live ball” - term defined by rules and break (“dead ball” - term defined by rules, by analyzing basketball games. In order to obtain the relevant information, basketball games from five different competitions (top level of quality were analyzed. The sample consists of seven games played in the 2006/2007 season: NCAA Play - Off Final game, Adriatic League finals, ULEB Cup final game, Euroleague (2 games and the NBA league (2 games. The most important information gained by this research is that the average interval of active play lasts approximately 47 seconds, while the average break interval lasts approximately 57 seconds. This information is significant for coaches and should be used in planning the training process.
Unwinding the molecular basis of interval and circadian timing
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Patricia V. Agostino
2011-10-01
Full Text Available Neural timing mechanisms range from the millisecond to diurnal, and possibly annual, frequencies. Two of the main processes under study are the interval timer (seconds-to-minute range and the circadian clock. The molecular basis of these two mechanisms is the subject of intense research, as well as their possible relationship. This article summarizes data from studies investigating a possible interaction between interval and circadian timing and reviews the molecular basis of both mechanisms, including the discussion of the contribution from studies of genetically modified animal models. While a common neurochemical substrate for timing mechanisms in the brain has been related to dopamine-reward systems, circadian modulation of interval timing suggests an interaction of different frequencies in cerebral temporal processes.
Interval Estimations of the Two-Parameter Exponential Distribution
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Lai Jiang
2012-01-01
Full Text Available In applied work, the two-parameter exponential distribution gives useful representations of many physical situations. Confidence interval for the scale parameter and predictive interval for a future independent observation have been studied by many, including Petropoulos (2011 and Lawless (1977, respectively. However, interval estimates for the threshold parameter have not been widely examined in statistical literature. The aim of this paper is to, first, obtain the exact significance function of the scale parameter by renormalizing the p∗-formula. Then the approximate Studentization method is applied to obtain the significance function of the threshold parameter. Finally, a predictive density function of the two-parameter exponential distribution is derived. A real-life data set is used to show the implementation of the method. Simulation studies are then carried out to illustrate the accuracy of the proposed methods.
Verified Real Number Calculations: A Library for Interval Arithmetic
Daumas, Marc; Muñoz, César
2007-01-01
Real number calculations on elementary functions are remarkably difficult to handle in mechanical proofs. In this paper, we show how these calculations can be performed within a theorem prover or proof assistant in a convenient and highly automated as well as interactive way. First, we formally establish upper and lower bounds for elementary functions. Then, based on these bounds, we develop a rational interval arithmetic where real number calculations take place in an algebraic setting. In order to reduce the dependency effect of interval arithmetic, we integrate two techniques: interval splitting and taylor series expansions. This pragmatic approach has been developed, and formally verified, in a theorem prover. The formal development also includes a set of customizable strategies to automate proofs involving explicit calculations over real numbers. Our ultimate goal is to provide guaranteed proofs of numerical properties with minimal human theorem-prover interaction.
Pediatric lateral atlantodental interval: how much asymmetry is normal?
Borders, Heather L; Junewick, Joseph J; Sherwood, John M; Macke, Michael R
2011-01-01
Imaging of the cervical spine is commonly performed in the pediatric patient population, typically after trauma, as well as for a variety of nontraumatic reasons. There are many challenges in the interpretation of these studies, particularly at the level of the atlantoaxial joint. We recognized a particular problem with assessing the lateral atlantodental interval in our emergency radiology department. Mild lateral atlantodental interval asymmetry in relatively asymptomatic patients was being interpreted as indicative of atlantoaxial rotatory fixation, which leads to the recommendation for dynamic computed tomographic examinations. The goal of this study was to define the reference range of the lateral atlantodental interval in pediatric patients to help avoid misinterpretation of radiographic findings and resultant excessive imaging.
Short interval expansion of R\\'enyi entropy on torus
Chen, Bin; Zhang, Jia-ju
2016-01-01
We investigate the short interval expansion of the R\\'enyi entropy for two-dimensional conformal field theory (CFT) on a torus. We require the length of the interval $\\ell$ to be small with respect to the spatial and temporal sizes of the torus. The operator product expansion of the twist operators allows us to compute the short interval expansion of the R\\'enyi entropy at any temperature. In particular, we pay special attention to the large $c$ CFTs dual to the AdS$_3$ gravity and its cousins. At both low and high temperature limits, we read the R\\'enyi entropies to order $\\ell^6$, and find good agreements with holographic results. Moreover, the expansion allows us to read $1/c$ contribution, which is hard to get by expanding the thermal density matrix. We generalize the study to the case with the chemical potential as well.
Persistent fluctuations in stride intervals under fractal auditory stimulation.
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Vivien Marmelat
Full Text Available Stride sequences of healthy gait are characterized by persistent long-range correlations, which become anti-persistent in the presence of an isochronous metronome. The latter phenomenon is of particular interest because auditory cueing is generally considered to reduce stride variability and may hence be beneficial for stabilizing gait. Complex systems tend to match their correlation structure when synchronizing. In gait training, can one capitalize on this tendency by using a fractal metronome rather than an isochronous one? We examined whether auditory cues with fractal variations in inter-beat intervals yield similar fractal inter-stride interval variability as isochronous auditory cueing in two complementary experiments. In Experiment 1, participants walked on a treadmill while being paced by either an isochronous or a fractal metronome with different variation strengths between beats in order to test whether participants managed to synchronize with a fractal metronome and to determine the necessary amount of variability for participants to switch from anti-persistent to persistent inter-stride intervals. Participants did synchronize with the metronome despite its fractal randomness. The corresponding coefficient of variation of inter-beat intervals was fixed in Experiment 2, in which participants walked on a treadmill while being paced by non-isochronous metronomes with different scaling exponents. As expected, inter-stride intervals showed persistent correlations similar to self-paced walking only when cueing contained persistent correlations. Our results open up a new window to optimize rhythmic auditory cueing for gait stabilization by integrating fractal fluctuations in the inter-beat intervals.
Persistent fluctuations in stride intervals under fractal auditory stimulation.
Marmelat, Vivien; Torre, Kjerstin; Beek, Peter J; Daffertshofer, Andreas
2014-01-01
Stride sequences of healthy gait are characterized by persistent long-range correlations, which become anti-persistent in the presence of an isochronous metronome. The latter phenomenon is of particular interest because auditory cueing is generally considered to reduce stride variability and may hence be beneficial for stabilizing gait. Complex systems tend to match their correlation structure when synchronizing. In gait training, can one capitalize on this tendency by using a fractal metronome rather than an isochronous one? We examined whether auditory cues with fractal variations in inter-beat intervals yield similar fractal inter-stride interval variability as isochronous auditory cueing in two complementary experiments. In Experiment 1, participants walked on a treadmill while being paced by either an isochronous or a fractal metronome with different variation strengths between beats in order to test whether participants managed to synchronize with a fractal metronome and to determine the necessary amount of variability for participants to switch from anti-persistent to persistent inter-stride intervals. Participants did synchronize with the metronome despite its fractal randomness. The corresponding coefficient of variation of inter-beat intervals was fixed in Experiment 2, in which participants walked on a treadmill while being paced by non-isochronous metronomes with different scaling exponents. As expected, inter-stride intervals showed persistent correlations similar to self-paced walking only when cueing contained persistent correlations. Our results open up a new window to optimize rhythmic auditory cueing for gait stabilization by integrating fractal fluctuations in the inter-beat intervals.
Order Reduction of Linear Interval Systems Using Genetic Algorithm
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Dr. Rajendra Prasad
2010-10-01
Full Text Available This paper presents an algorithm for order reduction of higher order linear interval system into stable lower order linear interval system by means of Genetic algorithm. In this algorithm the numerator and denominator polynomials are determined by minimizing the Integral square error (ISE using genetic algorithm (GA. The algorithm is simple, rugged and computer oriented. It is shown that the algorithm has several advantages, e.g. the reduced order models retain the steady-state value and stability of the original system. A numerical example illustrates the proposed algorithm.
Minimum 2-Tuple Dominating Set of an Interval Graph
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Tarasankar Pramanik
2011-01-01
Full Text Available The k-tuple domination problem, for a fixed positive integer k, is to find a minimum size vertex subset such that every vertex in the graph is dominated by at least k vertices in this set. The case when k=2 is called 2-tuple domination problem or double domination problem. In this paper, the 2-tuple domination problem is studied on interval graphs from an algorithmic point of view, which takes O(n2 time, n is the total number of vertices of the interval graph.
New Inner Product Quasilinear Spaces on Interval Numbers
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Hacer Bozkurt
2016-01-01
Full Text Available Primarily we examine the new example of quasilinear spaces, namely, “IRn interval space.” We obtain some new theorems and results related to this new quasilinear space. After giving some new notions of quasilinear dependence-independence and basis on quasilinear functional analysis, we obtain some results on IRn interval space related to these concepts. Secondly, we present Is,Ic0,Il∞, and Il2 quasilinear spaces and we research some algebraic properties of these spaces. We obtain some new results and provide an important contribution to the improvement of quasilinear functional analysis.
Cardiac Time Intervals by Tissue Doppler Imaging M-Mode
DEFF Research Database (Denmark)
Biering-Sørensen, Tor; Mogelvang, Rasmus; de Knegt, Martina Chantal;
2016-01-01
PURPOSE: To define normal values of the cardiac time intervals obtained by tissue Doppler imaging (TDI) M-mode through the mitral valve (MV). Furthermore, to evaluate the association of the myocardial performance index (MPI) obtained by TDI M-mode (MPITDI) and the conventional method of obtaining...... MPI (MPIConv), with established echocardiographic and invasive measures of systolic and diastolic function. METHODS: In a large community based population study (n = 974), where all are free of any cardiovascular disease and cardiovascular risk factors, cardiac time intervals, including isovolumic...... the MPITDI and MPIConv measured. RESULTS: IVRT, IVRT/ET and MPI all increased significantly with increasing age in both genders (pcardiac function. MPITDI...
Control of Angular Intervals for Angle-Multiplexed Holographic Memory
Kinoshita, Nobuhiro; Muroi, Tetsuhiko; Ishii, Norihiko; Kamijo, Koji; Shimidzu, Naoki
2009-03-01
In angle-multiplexed holographic memory, the full width at half maximum of the Bragg selectivity curves is dependent on the angle formed between the medium and incident laser beams. This indicates the possibility of high density and high multiplexing number by varying the angular intervals between adjacent holograms. We propose an angular interval scheduling for closely stacking holograms into medium even when the angle range is limited. We obtained bit error rates of the order of 10-4 under the following conditions: medium thickness of 1 mm, laser beam wavelength of 532 nm, and angular multiplexing number of 300.
Programa de intervención con menores infractores
Podadera Rodríguez, Jose Antonio
2015-01-01
En respuesta a aquellas resoluciones de los tribunales que llevan aparejada ejecución de medidas judiciales no privativas de libertad (Medio Abierto) y bajo la ley de Responsabilidad Penal del Menor (LORPM 5/00), es Asociación ALME, la encargada de dicha tarea en la intervención con estos menores infractores. Esta ejecución se desarrolla bajo el principio de justicia punitiva-educativa, donde, tras la evaluación del nivel riesgo a través del Instrumentos para la Gestión e Intervención para Jó...
Morphisms of Generalized Interval Systems and PR-Groups
Fiore, Thomas M; Satyendra, Ramon
2012-01-01
We begin the development of a categorical perspective on the theory of generalized interval systems (GIS's). Morphisms of GIS's allow the analyst to move between multiple interval systems and connect transformational networks. We expand the analytical reach of the Sub Dual Group Theorem of Fiore--Noll (2011) and the generalized contextual group of Fiore--Satyendra (2005) by combining them with a theory of GIS morphisms. Concrete examples include an analysis of Schoenberg, String Quartet Number 1, Opus 7, and simply transitive covers of the octatonic set. This work also lays the foundation for a transformational study of Lawvere--Tierney upgrades in the topos of triads of Noll (2005).
Stability interval for time-varying delay systems
Ariba, Yassine; Gouaisbaut, F.; Johansson, Karl Henrik
2010-01-01
We investigate the stability analysis of linear time-delay systems. The time-delay is assumed to be a time-varying continuous function belonging to an interval (possibly excluding zero) with a bound on its derivative. To this end, we propose to use the quadratic separation framework to assess the intervals on the delay that preserves the stability. Nevertheless, to take the time-varying nature of the delay into account, the quadratic separation principle has to be extended to cope with the ge...
Cosine Similarity Measure of Interval Valued Neutrosophic Sets
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Said Broumi
2014-09-01
Full Text Available In this paper, we define a new cosine similarity between two interval valued neutrosophic sets based on Bhattacharya’s distance [19]. The notions of interval valued neutrosophic sets (IVNS, for short will be used as vector representations in 3D-vector space. Based on the comparative analysis of the existing similarity measures for IVNS, we find that our proposed similarity measure is better and more robust. An illustrative example of the pattern recognition shows that the proposed method is simple and effective.
An interval logic for higher-level temporal reasoning
Schwartz, R. L.; Melliar-Smith, P. M.; Vogt, F. H.; Plaisted, D. A.
1983-01-01
Prior work explored temporal logics, based on classical modal logics, as a framework for specifying and reasoning about concurrent programs, distributed systems, and communications protocols, and reported on efforts using temporal reasoning primitives to express very high level abstract requirements that a program or system is to satisfy. Based on experience with those primitives, this report describes an Interval Logic that is more suitable for expressing such higher level temporal properties. The report provides a formal semantics for the Interval Logic, and several examples of its use. A description of decision procedures for the logic is also included.
Interbirth interval is associated with childhood type 1 diabetes risk
DEFF Research Database (Denmark)
Cardwell, Chris R; Svensson, Jannet; Waldhoer, Thomas
2012-01-01
of childhood type 1 diabetes has not been investigated. A secondary analysis of 14 published observational studies of perinatal risk factors for type 1 diabetes was conducted. Risk estimates of diabetes by category of interbirth interval were calculated for each study. Random effects models were used...... to calculate pooled odds ratios (ORs) and investigate heterogeneity between studies. Overall, 2,787 children with type 1 diabetes were included. There was a reduction in the risk of childhood type 1 diabetes in children born to mothers after interbirth intervals...
Zamri, Nurnadiah; Abdullah, Lazim
2014-06-01
Flood control project is a complex issue which takes economic, social, environment and technical attributes into account. Selection of the best flood control project requires the consideration of conflicting quantitative and qualitative evaluation criteria. When decision-makers' judgment are under uncertainty, it is relatively difficult for them to provide exact numerical values. The interval type-2 fuzzy set (IT2FS) is a strong tool which can deal with the uncertainty case of subjective, incomplete, and vague information. Besides, it helps to solve for some situations where the information about criteria weights for alternatives is completely unknown. Therefore, this paper is adopted the information interval type-2 entropy concept into the weighting process of interval type-2 fuzzy TOPSIS. This entropy weight is believed can effectively balance the influence of uncertainty factors in evaluating attribute. Then, a modified ranking value is proposed in line with the interval type-2 entropy weight. Quantitative and qualitative factors that normally linked with flood control project are considered for ranking. Data in form of interval type-2 linguistic variables were collected from three authorised personnel of three Malaysian Government agencies. Study is considered for the whole of Malaysia. From the analysis, it shows that diversion scheme yielded the highest closeness coefficient at 0.4807. A ranking can be drawn using the magnitude of closeness coefficient. It was indicated that the diversion scheme recorded the first rank among five causes.
The lucid interval associated with epidural bleeding: evolving understanding.
Ganz, Jeremy C
2013-04-01
The aim of this paper was to elucidate the evolution of our understanding of the term "lucid interval." A number of texts were reviewed to assess their suitability for analysis. The primary requirement was that the text contain detailed descriptions of a series of patients. Details of the clinical course, the findings and timing of surgery, and, when relevant, the time of death and postmortem findings were required. Books written by Henri-François Le Dran, Percival Pott, and James Hill fulfilled these criteria. Surgical findings included the presence and type of fractures, changes in the bone, separation of periosteum, malodorous or purulent material, tense brain, and hematoma. Postmortem findings supplemented and/or complemented the surgical findings. The courses of the patients were then tabulated, and the correlation between different clinical and operative findings was thereby determined. Our understanding of a lucid interval began in the early 18th century with the work of Henri-François Le Dran and Percival Pott in London. They did not, however, demonstrate an interval without symptoms between trauma and deterioration in patients with epidural hematomas (EDHs). The interval they described was longer than usually expected with EDHs and occurred exclusively in patients who had a posttraumatic infection. In 1751, James Hill, from Dumfries, Scotland, described the first hematoma-related lucid interval in a patient with a subdural hematoma. The first case of a lucid interval associated with an EDH was described by John Abernethy. In the 19th century, Jonathan Hutchinson and Walter Jacobson described the interval as it is known today, in cases of EDH. The most recent work on the topic came from studies in Cincinnati and Oslo, where it was demonstrated that bleeding can separate dura mater and that hemorrhage into the epidural space can be shunted out via the veins. This shunting could delay the accumulation of a hematoma and thus the rise in intracranial pressure
A study of systolic time intervals in lepra reaction.
Zawar, P B; Chawhan, R N; Mahajani, V V
1983-10-01
Systolic time intervals (STI) were measured in 20 control subjects and 20 cases of lepromatous leprosy in lepra reaction. Significant differences in the pre-ejection period (PEP), PEP/LVET and isovolumic contraction (IVCT) were observed between the groups. The abnormalities of STI observed in patients of lepra reaction are characteristic of left ventricular dysfunction in patients of lepra reaction.
Analysis of Interval Changes on Mammograms for Computer Aided Diagnosis
2000-05-01
comparisons, we plan to develop automated methods to correspondence between these control points was established detect the interval changes as a part...BS, Chicago, IL • Z Huo, PhD. M.L. Giger. PhD L.A. Venta . MD • to assist radiologists in the detection of pulmonary nodules in benig’ C.J. Vyborny
Interrogation of distributional data for the End Ordovician crisis interval
DEFF Research Database (Denmark)
Mac Ørum Rasmussen, Christian; Harper, David Alexander Taylor
2011-01-01
on the peri-Laurentian terranes, in the Laurentian epicratonic seas and on the margins of the Ægir Ocean. Refuges during the survival interval were probably located in the shallow-water zones of especially Baltica, but also Gondwana, the peri-Laurentian terranes and the Kazakh Terranes. Except for Baltica......) probably as a consequence of the progressively narrowing Iapetus Ocean...
The Boundary Crossing Theorem and the Maximal Stability Interval
Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)
Jorge-Antonio López-Renteria
2011-01-01
useful tools in the study of the stability of family of polynomials. Although both of these theorem seem intuitively obvious, they can be used for proving important results. In this paper, we give generalizations of these two theorems and we apply such generalizations for finding the maximal stability interval.
Measurement of characteristic leap interval between chest and falsetto registers
Miller, DG; Svec, JG; Schutte, HK
2002-01-01
A markedly smaller time constant distinguishes a chest-falsetto leap from the more usual execution of a sung interval by muscular adjustments in the length and tension of the vocal folds. The features of such a chest-falsetto leap are examined in detail with respect to F-0, peak-to-peak amplitude of
High-Intensity Interval Training for Improving Postprandial Hyperglycemia
Little, Jonathan P.; Francois, Monique E.
2014-01-01
High-intensity interval training (HIIT) has garnered attention in recent years as a time-efficient exercise option for improving cardiovascular and metabolic health. New research demonstrates that HIIT may be particularly effective for improving postprandial hyperglycemia in individuals with, or at risk for, type 2 diabetes (T2D). These findings…
Comparing confidence intervals for Goodman and Kruskal's gamma coefficient
van der Ark, L.A.; van Aert, R.C.M.
2015-01-01
This study was motivated by the question which type of confidence interval (CI) one should use to summarize sample variance of Goodman and Kruskal's coefficient gamma. In a Monte-Carlo study, we investigated the coverage and computation time of the Goodman-Kruskal CI, the Cliff-consistent CI, the
Characterizing and approximating eigenvalue sets of symmetric interval matrices
DEFF Research Database (Denmark)
Hladík, Milan; Daney, David; Tsigaridas, Elias
2011-01-01
We consider the eigenvalue problem for the case where the input matrix is symmetric and its entries are perturbed, with perturbations belonging to some given intervals. We present a characterization of some of the exact boundary points, which allows us to introduce an inner approximation algorith...
Confidence intervals for intraclass correlation coefficients in variance components models
Demetrashvili, Nino; Wit, Ernst C; Van Den Heuvel, Edwin R.
2016-01-01
Confidence intervals for intraclass correlation coefficients in agreement studies with continuous outcomes are model-specific and no generic approach exists. This paper provides two generic approaches for intraclass correlation coefficients of the form -' q = 1 Q σ q 2 / (-' q = 1 Q σ q 2 + -' p = Q
Therapeutic effect of a moderate intensity interval training program ...
African Journals Online (AJOL)
Therapeutic effect of a moderate intensity interval training program on the lipid profile ... Also, factors such as elevated total cholesterol (TC) and reduced high density ... (n=105; 58.27 ± 6.24 years) group remained sedentary during this period.
Approximation by Müntz spaces on positive intervals
Ait-Haddou, Rachid
2013-11-01
The so-called Bernstein operators were introduced by S.N. Bernstein in 1912 to give a constructive proof of Weierstrass\\' theorem. We show how to extend his result to Müntz spaces on positive intervals. © 2013 Académie des sciences.
T(peak)T(end) interval in long QT syndrome
DEFF Research Database (Denmark)
Kanters, Jørgen Kim; Haarmark, Christian; Vedel-Larsen, Esben;
2008-01-01
to the occurrence of syncope. METHODS: Electrocardiograms were taken in 95 patients with LQTS drawn from the Danish long QT registry (44 patients with KvLQT1, 43 with HERG, and 8 with SCN5A mutations) and manually evaluated for the QT, QT(peak), and RR interval. RESULTS AND CONCLUSION: (1) T(p)T(e) cannot be used...
Begin, After, and Later: a Maximal Decidable Interval Temporal Logic
Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)
Davide Bresolin
2010-06-01
Full Text Available Interval temporal logics (ITLs are logics for reasoning about temporal statements expressed over intervals, i.e., periods of time. The most famous ITL studied so far is Halpern and Shoham's HS, which is the logic of the thirteen Allen's interval relations. Unfortunately, HS and most of its fragments have an undecidable satisfiability problem. This discouraged the research in this area until recently, when a number non-trivial decidable ITLs have been discovered. This paper is a contribution towards the complete classification of all different fragments of HS. We consider different combinations of the interval relations Begins, After, Later and their inverses Abar, Bbar, and Lbar. We know from previous works that the combination ABBbarAbar is decidable only when finite domains are considered (and undecidable elsewhere, and that ABBbar is decidable over the natural numbers. We extend these results by showing that decidability of ABBar can be further extended to capture the language ABBbarLbar, which lays in between ABBar and ABBbarAbar, and that turns out to be maximal w.r.t decidability over strongly discrete linear orders (e.g. finite orders, the naturals, the integers. We also prove that the proposed decision procedure is optimal with respect to the complexity class.
Effect of interval training programme on pulse pressure in the ...
African Journals Online (AJOL)
The exercise (work: rest ratio of 1:1) groups involved in an 8-weeks interval ... at intensities of 60-79% of HR max (maximum heart rate), while the control group ... Changes in VO2max also negatively correlated with changes in PP (r= -.285) at ...
Calculating and graphing within-subject confidence intervals for ANOVA.
Baguley, Thom
2012-03-01
The psychological and statistical literature contains several proposals for calculating and plotting confidence intervals (CIs) for within-subjects (repeated measures) ANOVA designs. A key distinction is between intervals supporting inference about patterns of means (and differences between pairs of means, in particular) and those supporting inferences about individual means. In this report, it is argued that CIs for the former are best accomplished by adapting intervals proposed by Cousineau (Tutorials in Quantitative Methods for Psychology, 1, 42-45, 2005) and Morey (Tutorials in Quantitative Methods for Psychology, 4, 61-64, 2008) so that nonoverlapping CIs for individual means correspond to a confidence for their difference that does not include zero. CIs for the latter can be accomplished by fitting a multilevel model. In situations in which both types of inference are of interest, the use of a two-tiered CI is recommended. Free, open-source, cross-platform software for such interval estimates and plots (and for some common alternatives) is provided in the form of R functions for one-way within-subjects and two-way mixed ANOVA designs. These functions provide an easy-to-use solution to the difficult problem of calculating and displaying within-subjects CIs.
Coordinates and intervals in graph-based reference genomes.
Rand, Knut D; Grytten, Ivar; Nederbragt, Alexander J; Storvik, Geir O; Glad, Ingrid K; Sandve, Geir K
2017-05-18
It has been proposed that future reference genomes should be graph structures in order to better represent the sequence diversity present in a species. However, there is currently no standard method to represent genomic intervals, such as the positions of genes or transcription factor binding sites, on graph-based reference genomes. We formalize offset-based coordinate systems on graph-based reference genomes and introduce methods for representing intervals on these reference structures. We show the advantage of our methods by representing genes on a graph-based representation of the newest assembly of the human genome (GRCh38) and its alternative loci for regions that are highly variable. More complex reference genomes, containing alternative loci, require methods to represent genomic data on these structures. Our proposed notation for genomic intervals makes it possible to fully utilize the alternative loci of the GRCh38 assembly and potential future graph-based reference genomes. We have made a Python package for representing such intervals on offset-based coordinate systems, available at https://github.com/uio-cels/offsetbasedgraph . An interactive web-tool using this Python package to visualize genes on a graph created from GRCh38 is available at https://github.com/uio-cels/genomicgraphcoords .
Correlative Peak Interval Prediction and Analysis of Chaotic Sequences
Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)
Qun Ding
2011-07-01
Full Text Available The paper proposes a digital circuit design for the logistic-map module used in chaotic stream ciphers, analyzes the factors that may affect the output of the sequences, and develops a calculation method for estimating the output sequential correlative peak interval. With the respective tests using different initial values, the values of parameter u and the computational precisions, extensive experiments have been carried out. A formula for calculating correlative peak interval is proposed. Moreover, the relationships among precision, parameter u and correlative peak interval is provided. To ensure the security of the plaintext which is encrypted by the output sequence of the logistic-map, a proper precision could be chosen according to the formula. It provides a theoretic basis for the actual application of the chaos cryptology. The basic theory and methods have a significant implication on the statistical analysis and practical applications of the digital chaotic sequences. A diagram that presents the relationship among precision, parameter u and correlative peak interval has been generated for analysis.
Regaining confidence in confidence intervals for the mean treatment effect.
O'Gorman, Thomas W
2014-09-28
In many experiments, it is necessary to evaluate the effectiveness of a treatment by comparing the responses of two groups of subjects. This evaluation is often performed by using a confidence interval for the difference between the population means. To compute the limits of this confidence interval, researchers usually use the pooled t formulas, which are derived by assuming normally distributed errors. When the normality assumption does not seem reasonable, the researcher may have little confidence in the confidence interval because the actual one-sided coverage probability may not be close to the nominal coverage probability. This problem can be avoided by using the Robbins-Monro iterative search method to calculate the limits. One problem with this iterative procedure is that it is not clear when the procedure produces a sufficiently accurate estimate of a limit. In this paper, we describe a multiple search method that allows the user to specify the accuracy of the limits. We also give guidance concerning the number of iterations that would typically be needed to achieve a specified accuracy. This multiple iterative search method will produce limits for one-sided and two-sided confidence intervals that maintain their coverage probabilities with non-normal distributions.
Multifactor analysis of multiscaling in volatility return intervals
Wang, Fengzhong; Yamasaki, Kazuko; Havlin, Shlomo; Stanley, H. Eugene
2009-01-01
We study the volatility time series of 1137 most traded stocks in the U.S. stock markets for the two-year period 2001-2002 and analyze their return intervals τ , which are time intervals between volatilities above a given threshold q . We explore the probability density function of τ , Pq(τ) , assuming a stretched exponential function, Pq(τ)˜e-τγ . We find that the exponent γ depends on the threshold in the range between q=1 and 6 standard deviations of the volatility. This finding supports the multiscaling nature of the return interval distribution. To better understand the multiscaling origin, we study how γ depends on four essential factors, capitalization, risk, number of trades, and return. We show that γ depends on the capitalization, risk, and return but almost does not depend on the number of trades. This suggests that γ relates to the portfolio selection but not on the market activity. To further characterize the multiscaling of individual stocks, we fit the moments of τ , μm≡⟨(τ/⟨τ⟩)m⟩1/m , in the range of 10return but not on the number of trades, and its tendency is opposite to that of γ . Moreover, we show that δ decreases with increasing γ approximately by a linear relation. The return intervals demonstrate the temporal structure of volatilities and our findings suggest that their multiscaling features may be helpful for portfolio optimization.
Fault detection of a benchmark wind turbine using interval analysis
DEFF Research Database (Denmark)
Tabatabaeipour, Seyed Mojtaba; Odgaard, Peter Fogh; Bak, Thomas
2012-01-01
is nonlinear. We use an effective wind speed estimator to estimate the effective wind speed and then using interval analysis and monotonicity of the aerodynamic torque with respect to the effective wind speed, we can apply the method to the nonlinear system. The fault detection algorithm checks the consistency...
46 CFR 61.20-17 - Examination intervals.
2010-10-01
... INSPECTIONS Periodic Tests of Machinery and Equipment § 61.20-17 Examination intervals. (a) A lubricant that... corrosion by sea water, or fitted with a continuous liner or a sealing gland which prevents sea water from...; (3) If an analysis of the tailshaft bearing lubricant is performed semiannually in accordance...
A model of interval timing by neural integration.
Simen, Patrick; Balci, Fuat; de Souza, Laura; Cohen, Jonathan D; Holmes, Philip
2011-06-22
We show that simple assumptions about neural processing lead to a model of interval timing as a temporal integration process, in which a noisy firing-rate representation of time rises linearly on average toward a response threshold over the course of an interval. Our assumptions include: that neural spike trains are approximately independent Poisson processes, that correlations among them can be largely cancelled by balancing excitation and inhibition, that neural populations can act as integrators, and that the objective of timed behavior is maximal accuracy and minimal variance. The model accounts for a variety of physiological and behavioral findings in rodents, monkeys, and humans, including ramping firing rates between the onset of reward-predicting cues and the receipt of delayed rewards, and universally scale-invariant response time distributions in interval timing tasks. It furthermore makes specific, well-supported predictions about the skewness of these distributions, a feature of timing data that is usually ignored. The model also incorporates a rapid (potentially one-shot) duration-learning procedure. Human behavioral data support the learning rule's predictions regarding learning speed in sequences of timed responses. These results suggest that simple, integration-based models should play as prominent a role in interval timing theory as they do in theories of perceptual decision making, and that a common neural mechanism may underlie both types of behavior.
Interval Routing and Minor-Monotone Graph Parameters
Bakker, E.M.; Bodlaender, H.L.; Tan, R.B.; Leeuwen, J. van
2006-01-01
We survey a number of minor-monotone graph parameters and their relationship to the complexity of routing on graphs. In particular we compare the interval routing parameters κslir(G) and κsir(G) with Colin de Verdi`ere’s graph invariant μ(G) and its variants λ(G) and κ(G). We show that for all the k
Confidence intervals for intraclass correlation coefficients in variance components models
Demetrashvili, Nino; Wit, Ernst C; Van Den Heuvel, Edwin R.
2016-01-01
Confidence intervals for intraclass correlation coefficients in agreement studies with continuous outcomes are model-specific and no generic approach exists. This paper provides two generic approaches for intraclass correlation coefficients of the form -' q = 1 Q σ q 2 / (-' q = 1 Q σ q 2 + -' p = Q
EXPONENTIAL STABILITY OF INTERVAL DYNAMICAL SYSTEM WITH MULTIDELAY
Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)
孙继涛; 张银萍; 刘永清; 邓飞其
2002-01-01
Using the matrix measure and delay differential inequality, the sufficient conditions were obtained for exponential stability of interval dynamical system with multidelay. These conditions are an improvement and extension of the results achieved in earlier papers presented by LIAO, LIU, ZHANG, SUN, et al.
Music enhances performance and perceived enjoyment of sprint interval exercise.
Stork, Matthew J; Kwan, Matthew Y W; Gibala, Martin J; Martin Ginis, Kathleen A
2015-05-01
Interval exercise training can elicit physiological adaptations similar to those of traditional endurance training, but with reduced time. However, the intense nature of specific protocols, particularly the "all-out" efforts characteristic of sprint interval training (SIT), may be perceived as being aversive. The purpose of this study was to determine whether listening to self-selected music can reduce the potential aversiveness of an acute session of SIT by improving affect, motivation, and enjoyment, and to examine the effects of music on performance. Twenty moderately active adults (22 ± 4 yr) unfamiliar with interval exercise completed an acute session of SIT under two different conditions: music and no music. The exercise consisted of four 30-s "all-out" Wingate Anaerobic Test bouts on a cycle ergometer, separated by 4 min of rest. Peak and mean power output, RPE, affect, task motivation, and perceived enjoyment of the exercise were measured. Mixed-effects models were used to evaluate changes in dependent measures over time and between the two conditions. Peak and mean power over the course of the exercise session were higher in the music condition (coefficient = 49.72 [SE = 13.55] and coefficient = 23.65 [SE = 11.30]; P music condition (coefficient = 7.00 [SE = 3.05]; P Music enhances in-task performance and enjoyment of an acute bout of SIT. Listening to music during intense interval exercise may be an effective strategy for facilitating participation in, and adherence to, this form of training.