Sample records for industries competitiveness centre

  1. Industry Service - Technology Centre

    Hollensen, Svend; Grünbaum, Niels Nolsøe


    The chapter describes and explains the development of an Industry Service Technology (IS-T) portal solution at Danfoss for testing of products, including booking system for standardised 'service packages' in order to reduce waiting time.......The chapter describes and explains the development of an Industry Service Technology (IS-T) portal solution at Danfoss for testing of products, including booking system for standardised 'service packages' in order to reduce waiting time....

  2. Industrial location and competitiveness

    S. Brakman (Steven); J.H. Garretsen (Harry); J.G.M. van Marrewijk (Charles)


    textabstractThe interaction between the extent of location advantages and the intensity of firm competition relative to the size of the market jointly determines the location of industrial activity. Technology, factor endowments, geography, and scale economies are influential for determining locatio

  3. DXC'09 Industrial Track Competition Data

    National Aeronautics and Space Administration — Competition data, including nominal and faulty scenarios, for Industrial Track Tier 1 and Tier 2 of the First International Diagnostic Competition. Three file...


    Claudia-Elena TUCLEA


    Full Text Available In this paper is presented one of the important sectors of the nationaleconomy, at least from its potential for development perspective: thehospitality industry. The research interest is related to finding out the mainfactors of competitiveness in this field. This research attempts to identify theessential aspects of competitiveness in the hospitality industry. Theobjectives pursued refer to: discovering the degree to which the concept ofcompetitiveness is understood and capitalized on by the managers in theRomanian hospitality industry; identifying a set of factors considered decisivein raising the competitiveness of Romanian firms in the hospitality industry;identifying the strategic concerns of firms operating in the Romanianhospitality industry, in order to establish the connection between strategy andthe competitiveness of the firms belonging to this sector.As a result, the hypotheses are: in the hospitality industry there areparticularities which influence the firms’ competitiveness and strategicorientation; preoccupation towards raising competitiveness and strategicorientation is influenced by the type of exploitation and the number of stars(level of comfort; in the hospitality industry, managers focus on cost controland service quality as decisive factors of competitiveness.




    Full Text Available The role of this paper is to highlight the position of the European players in the textile market and the challenges to which they are subjected. In this paper are presented ways, taking the „diamond" model of M. Porter and are adapted to the situation of the textile market. These adaptations have outlined the main existing problems and the possible solutions that can ensure the long-term competitive advantage. Gaining a competitive advantage based on innovation, the development of production and outsourcing strategies using the "diamond" model of M. Porter, we can say that is one of the viable solutions for gaining competitive advantages necessary for proper European companies to face competition from countries outside Europe. As developing countries do not meet certain environmental standards or norms of European law, but in terms of product innovation and development of new materials, they do not have the necessity for technology. We conducted an analysis of the factors that play a key role in the production of textiles, representing how they are used in the favor of European companies such investments to be supplemented can be found in how these factors act on the total costs.


    Kóródi László


    Full Text Available 2013 Romania shows the bigger economic development than in the last years and increases the GDP by 3,5%, that was the most significant growth in the EU. The biggest contributing sector to this expansion is the industry. This sector contributed the most with 2,3% to this growth. The importance of the industry in a country’s development not only the Romania`s case, but for other economies too. More and more authors emphasise the importance of Industrial parks, they act as pull factors. The effects of the industrial placements like the industrial parks are multiple regarding a region’s development and competitiveness. The most of these benefits are well known already, but the competitiveness of the industrial parks is not a frequent theme, tough this will contribute to the competitiveness of the region. What are the basic and decisive factors that influence the final decision of the companies to choose a particular industrial park? While analysing the competitiveness factors of industrial parks I intend to emphasize the reasons and factors that influences companies in their decision to appear in the industrial parks that they are resident in. The purpose of this paper is to present all the important factors in the same place that make an industrial park competitive. First I want to present the factors that were identified by now based on theoretical, and practical experiences starting from some second hand information. The caracteristics of the successful parks will br presented with the well-kown examples, and also with caese not known to everybody. Some of the reasons why industrial companies chooses a park are well kown, for example the placement, the good accesibility, for which is essential a good infrastructure. Another decisive factor is the suport of the state and the local autorities, the most important factors are tax and other costs relief. There are more things that influance companies in choosing their sites.


    Cristiana Ioana ŞERBĂNEL


    Full Text Available Globalization has set up a new era of international trade flows and implicitly international competition. This is best understood by analyzing the rise and fall within certain industries. The Global Value Chains (GVC framework has emerged from its theoretical origins to become a major paradigm used by several international organizations. A detailed scrutiny of GVC highlightsthe manner in which new patterns of production, international trade and employment shape prospects for development and competitiveness.The purpose of the article is to address the important role of the textile sector in national economy development. Firstly, the paper addresses the presentation of textile industry at global, European and national level. Then, it presents a competitiveness sectorial approach and the analysis of innovation in textile industry.Finally, it is presented the value chain for the textile industry in Romania.


    Cristiana Ioana ŞERBĂNEL


    Full Text Available Globalization has set up a new era of international trade flows and implicitly international competition. This is best understood by analyzing the rise and fall within certain industries. The Global Value Chains (GVC framework has emerged from its theoretical origins to become a major paradigm used by several international organizations. A detailed scrutiny of GVC highlightsthe manner in which new patterns of production, international trade and employment shape prospects for development and competitiveness.The purpose of the article is to address the important role of the textile sector in national economy development. Firstly, the paper addresses the presentation of textile industry at global, European and national level. Then, it presents a competitiveness sectorial approach and the analysis of innovation in textile industry.Finally, it is presented the value chain for the textile industry in Romania.


    Agung Budiwibowo


    Full Text Available Indonesia’s construction industry is important to the national economy. However, its competitiveness is considered low due to the lack of success of its development strategy and policy. A new approach known as the cluster approach is being used to make strategy and policy in order to develop a stronger more competitive industry . This paper discusses the layout of the Indonesian construction cluster and its competitiveness. The archival analysis research approach was used to identify the construction cluster. The analysis was based on the I/O tables of the years 1995 and 2000, which were published by the Indonesian Central Bureau of Statistics. The results suggest that the Indonesian construction cluster consists of the industries directly involved in construction as the core, with the other related and supporting industries as the balance. The anatomy of the Indonesian construction cluster permits structural changes to happen within it. These changes depend on policies that regulate the cluster’s constituents.

  10. Administrative burdens and dairy industry competitiveness

    Bremmers, H.J.; Poppe, K.J.; Wijnands, J.H.M.; Meulen, van der, GG George


    The goal of this paper is to assess the effect of regulatory burdens in the European dairy industry on its competitiveness. A theoretical foundation is provided by transaction cost economics and total quality management insights. The effects of legislation on administrative requirements and competitiveness are supposed to be mediated by impacts on innovativeness, company strategy, food safety system availability, as well as the available information & communication capabilities. We will conne...

  11. Degree of Competition of Consumer Loan Industry

    Kohei Kubota; Yoshiro Tsutsui


    The purpose of this paper is to estimate the degree of competition of consumer loan industry in Japan utilizing responses to a questionnaire survey conducted by Japan Consumer Finance Association. Estimating the cost function, we found that the industry is characterized by large scale economies. Estimation of Lerner index, H-statistics, degree of noncompetition, and degree of collusion reveals that consumer loan market is highly monopolistic. Consumer loan companies answered to a question tha...

  12. Cost Reducing Investment, Competition and Industry Dynamics

    E. Petrakis; S. Roy (Santanu)


    textabstractWe demonstrate the possibility of shake-out of firms and emergence of inter-firm heterogeneity along the (socially optimal) dynamic equilibrium path of a competitive industry with free entry and exit, even when there is no uncertainty and all firms are ex ante identical with perfect fore

  13. International Competitiveness of Korea Service Industry

    Yoon-Doo Kim


    Full Text Available Problem statement: This study examines the competitiveness of Korean Service Industry through the empirical analysis based on the comparative advantage index and suggests the policy implications from the research results.. Approach: The model of empirical analysis was set using the equation of ratio of Export and Import (EXIM and net export (XM for service industry. Results: TResults: The present study showed the estimation results of the EXIM and XM. Conclusion: With regard to the competitiveness of service industry, the analysis results suggested the policy implications: First, it was necessary to introduce an incentive system for skilled workers and invest more in research and development in order to increase the labour productivity of human capital. Second, government should implement the open market policy to liberalize the labour movement and induce low-paid labour.


    Tore Omholt


    Full Text Available In the last decade, the retail industry in many countries, including some Asian countries has undergone great changes due to a more dynamic and turbulent environment. This amongst other things has led to a concentration of retail functions in out-of-town regional shopping centres. This development can be explained by pointing to the traditional, segmentalist ways of strategic management in the retail sector, which to a large degree has looked upon location as the most important, and in many cases, the only source of competitive advantage. It has also treated the retail centre as a nexus of contracts based in turn on a series of bilateral contracts. These ways are in our opinion no longer able to deal with an increasingly dynamic environment, especially in traditional town centres. We are given some examples, however, where successful strategic response is characterized by extensive market research and intimate consumer knowledge, but these kinds of capabilities or skills seem to be confined to the typical multinational chain organization. One seldom finds innovative town centres or dynamic shopping centres with similar capabilities. Our view is that a dynamic reconfiguration will have to take place and be coordinated in a more multilateral fashion without having to resort to excessive communication and information processing to achieve a transformative reconfiguration. In this paper we have tried to show that an approach based on a socio-cybernetic framework and the development of several types of communicative competences, may be effective for the development of competitive advantage for a retail centre.

  15. Design of a technology centre: A Vehicle for Industrial Development ...

    This paper deals with the design of a Technology Centre to meet the needs of industries ... The article addresses problems and constraints of industries in developing ... point system method while the product families are chosen using ranking method. ... for manufacturing, training, consultancy, maintenance and distribution.


    Robson Quinello


    Full Text Available The industrial maintenance activities, generally, were considered as more one problem to the organizations. This image needs to change in Brazil , because this sector is part of the companies supply chain, is responsible to maintain equipments reliability and availability and it is a generator of the companies costs. This responsibility increases in a country where the productive capacity is in the limit, demanding extra efforts and where increasing pressures for reductions of the costs and restrictions techniques and human beings are increasing, ask to paradigms changes. The present study had for purpose to identify main canals of captation of the information used by the Brazilian industrial maintenance professionals, demonstrating systematic use of Competitive Intelligence can bring technological advance and profit of competitive advantage. For this, a qualitative research was made, using as research instruments the Delphi method, interviews with professionals and an experimental delineation C.I- Competitive Intelligence in a department-pilot (automotive sector.The results had shown to the use of formal and informal sources in different frequencies of access and the fragility in these departments in the not-systematic use of C.I, harming the above-mentioned challenges.

  17. Foreign Direct Investment, Competition and Industry Performance

    Bitzer, Jürgen; Görg, Holger


    This paper investigates the productivity effects of inward and outward foreign direct investment using industry- and country-level data for 17 OECD countries over the period 1973 to 2001. Controlling for national and international knowledge spillovers we argue that the effects of FDI work through...... direct compositional effects as well as changing competition in the host country. Our results show that there are, on average, productivity benefits from inward FDI, although we can identify a number of countries which, on aggregate, do not appear to benefit in terms of productivity. On the other hand...

  18. Three Studies in Industrial Economics: Competition and Industry Structure

    Keil, Jan

    Chapter 1 reviews alternative theories of competition - the standard Neoclassical view, the contribution of the Chicago School as well as the two dynamic lines of thought which are part of Austrian economics and Classical Political Economy. The latter is presented as a consistent alternative to the other existing theories. Of special interest is the question if and how industry structure matters in these approaches, how profitability differentials are explained and what role market share concentration and mobility barriers play. Their predictions and implications for empirical research are compared. Ways to test and evaluate these different approaches are described. Chapter 2 investigates econometrically how industry and micro level variables determine persistent differentials in the rate of return on assets in the U.S. The analysis is the first to use business segment data to explain long term profitability differentials. It presents new market concentration indicators that are superior to concentration ratios and allow to analyze an unpreceded amount of concentration and other data back to 1977. Critical concentration levels, non-linearities, interaction effects and previously ignored important control variables like industrial unionization are being considered. Concentration is found to have significant negative effects on profitability differentials. Barrier indicators are insignificant while market shares are positively correlated with long-run profitability. Concentration thus increases, not diminishes the degree of industrial competition. This is interpreted as evidence in support of Classical Political Economic competition theory. Chapter 3 presents a costs of production based industry analytical study that aims at consistency with Classical Political Economic thought. It investigates how growth of renewable electricity in Germany forces conventional power plants to shift towards more flexible operating regimes. The simulation of individual power plant load

  19. Study on the Characteristics of Competition in Sichuan Tea Industry

    Guoxian; YANG; Xiumin; WU; Junzan; WU


    Nowadays, there is huge potential in the domestic sales and export of tea in China. However, the tea leaf products are less competitive in the international market because of the lack of brand. Sichuan Province as a province with large amount of tea leaves, characteristics of tea leaf industry in Sichuan Province were analyzed from three aspects, namely fundamental industrial characteristics, the competition strategy of a company and main competition measures. The tea industry in Sichuan Province was featured by its large amount of companies and low industrial concentration. The competition among tea companies often uses the strategy of different brands and low cost. The major way to compete was to build tea brand and to publicize the tea culture. Organic green tea was the main issue. Electronic business platform was applied. Study on the competition characteristics of tea industry in Sichuan can improve the regional competitiveness of tea industry and can make contribution to the entire tea industry in China.

  20. DXC'11 Industrial Track Competition Data

    National Aeronautics and Space Administration — Competition data, including nominal and faulty scenarios, for Diagnostic Problem I of the Third International Diagnostic Competition. Three file formats are...

  1. Competition in the retail gasoline industry

    Brewer, Jedidiah


    This dissertation examines competition in the retail gasoline industry. The first chapter highlights the importance of gasoline in modern society, introduces my work, and places it in the context of the existing academic literature. The second chapter details the institutional structure and profitability of the industry. The vast majority of retail gasoline stations are not directly owned and operated by major oil companies. Instead, most stations are set up under other contractual relationships: lessee-dealer, open-dealer, jobber-owned-and-operated, and independent. Gasoline retailers make relatively low profits, as is the case in many other retail industries, and are substantially less profitable than major oil companies. Gas stations also make less money when retail prices are climbing than when they are falling. As prices rise, total station profits are near zero or negative. When retail prices are constant or falling, retailers can make positive profits. The third chapter describes the entry of big-box stores into the retail gasoline industry over the last decade. The growth of such large retailers, in all markets, has led to a great deal of controversy as smaller competitors with long-term ties to the local community have become less common. I estimate the price impact that big-box stores have on traditional gasoline retailers using cross-sectional data in two geographically diverse cities. I also examine changes in pricing following the entry of The Home Depot into a local retail gasoline market. The results show that big-box stores place statistically and economically significant downward pressure on the prices of nearby gas stations, offering a measure of the impact of the entry of a big-box store. Chapter 4 examines the nature of price competition in markets where some competing retailers sell the same brand. The price effect of having more retailers selling the same brand is theoretically unclear. High brand diversity could give individual retailers

  2. Determinants of Competitiveness: Observations in China's Textile and Apparel Industries

    Chi-Keung Lau; Kin-Man To; Zhiming Zhang; Jing Chen


    This paper attempts to explore key determinants of competitiveness in the textile and apparel industries, with special reference to Chinese Mainland The authors conduct a survey that is designed to use productivity, supply-side and demand-side determinants to measure enterprises" competitiveness. The collected survey data is then analyzed using factor analysis to capture the related determining factors indicative of competitiveness at the enterprise level. The findings demonstrate that government policies and related industry infrastructure are the most important determinants of competitiveness in the textile and apparel industries, followed by domestic demand This suggests that the improvement of industry infrastructure can foster industry performance, and that more resources should be endowed to enhance the domestic business competitiveness of local enterprises. The development of domestic demand will foster the competitiveness of the textile and apparel industries on a more sustainable basis.

  3. Assessment of Regional Agricultural Industrial Competitiveness in China

    Kun; YANG; Ying; PING


    We analyze the agricultural industrial competitiveness in China’s 30 provinces ( municipalities and autonomous regions) ,to provide a reference for the relevant state departments to develop the agricultural industry policy. Using factor analysis and expert consulting method,we determine the weight of each indicator,and establish the comprehensive evaluation model suitable for the assessment of agricultural industrial competitiveness. Using the comprehensive evaluation model,we assess the agricultural competitiveness of China’s 30 provinces ( municipalities and autonomous regions) . China’s 30 provinces ( municipalities and autonomous regions) can be divided into three groups ( high competitiveness,middle competitiveness and low competitiveness) . The results show that although there are subtle changes in the sequencing within high competitiveness group,the members of high competitiveness group are basically unchanged; compared with high competitiveness group,the agricultural industry in middle competitiveness group and low competitiveness group shows the characteristic of significant geographical concentration,and the competitive agricultural industrial belt is outstanding. We put forward the following recommendations: extending agricultural industry chain and increasing agricultural value added; utilizing regional resources and developing characteristic agriculture; taking the road of large-scale management to promote sustainable and healthy agricultural development in China.

  4. Supply chain management and relational competitive advantage in footwear industry

    Fernando Luiz Emerenciano Viana; José de Paula Barros Neto; Miguel Eduardo Moreno Añez


    This work investigated the supply chain management contribution to competitive advantage for companies in the footwear industry, with a primary focus on the inter-organizational relationship analysis...

  5. Industrial design students sweep international design competition in San Francisco

    Chadwick, Heather Riley


    Four teams of students from Virginia Tech's industrial design program in the School of Architecture + Design swept the five award categories at an international design competition that included professional industrial designs.

  6. Theoretical aspects of competitiveness of the industry of mineral water

    E.M. Azarian


    Full Text Available The aim of the article. The article presents theoretical aspects of the concept and content of economic competitiveness for its competitive positions. Authors found positive trends, essential trends of increasing the competitiveness of the food industry as a complex system. The article shows theoretical basis for the competitiveness of the industry of mineral water, clarifies the concepts of competitiveness. Authors suggest development of the main directions of improving the competitiveness of the food complex sector. The results of the analysis. Authors generalized theoretical experience of the concept and scope of the use of the methodology of competitiveness; analysis of the competitiveness of the industry of mineral water, revealed positive trends; developed the main directions of improving the competitiveness of the sector in food complex. Analysis of the mineral waters of Ukraine reveals the following competitive advantages: the ability to produce high quality products with an unique competitive advantage. Creating favorable conditions relevant resources and innovation of enterprises in order to increase their profitability, improve the culture of consumption of mineral water Ukrainian production, the elimination of the innovative and trend- to-market at the optimum time dictated by the marketing activity and consumer demand. Interaction with competitive firms, leaders of the study and implementation of international experience in the production and marketing strategy and sales, cooperation within the industry and with other industries in the country and with similar industries abroad, presence of unique recipes, advanced manufacturing, processing its own base; infrastructure. Conclusions and directions of further researchers. There is an intensive foreign investment in the development of the industry of mineral water. Formation of the state of quality and safety, monitoring compliance with in terms of quality and security of mineral

  7. DXC'10 Industrial Track Competition Data

    National Aeronautics and Space Administration — Competition data, including nominal and faulty scenarios, for Diagnostic Problems I and II of the Second International Diagnostic Competition. Three file formats are...

  8. Competitiveness of Chinese industries : A comparison with the EU

    Ebbers, H.A.; Zhang, J.; Mulder, R.


    This study develops a two-dimension and multi-variable approach to investigate the competitiveness and dynamics of Chinese industries (products groups). The result reveals the orderly transformation of competitiveness across 97 Chinese industries. In order to determine the position of China’s indust

  9. Competitiveness of Chinese industries : A comparison with the EU

    Ebbers, H.A.; Zhang, J.; Mulder, R.


    This study develops a two-dimension and multi-variable approach to investigate the competitiveness and dynamics of Chinese industries (products groups). The result reveals the orderly transformation of competitiveness across 97 Chinese industries. In order to determine the position of China’s indust

  10. Competitive Intelligence in Malaysia Pharmaceutical Industry : Effectiveness of Implementation

    Ooi, Hooi Min


    Competitive Intelligence is increasingly being considered an important, if not mandatory, piece of every business’ overall strategy and functioning, including tactical and strategic planning. The level of Competitive Intelligence activities differ by industries, and at different stage of product life cycle. It is closely linked to Knowledge Management – another major field on the way company handling information. Competitive Intelligence has often been related to industrial espionage where so...

  11. Spatial competition in the French supermarket industry

    Turolla, Stéphane


    This papers develops a structural model of spatial competition to analyze the competition intensity among large grocery stores at geographical market level. The model is estimated for a metropolitan area of South of France and uses a cross-sectional household survey containing detailed information on stores visited for the main food product categories. Using estimates of demand parameters and assuming a particular pricing rule, we recover both stores’ marginal cost and margin. The results poi...

  12. China's Port Industry:Competitiveness First!

    Li Zhen


    @@ Amid the global economic downturn,China's port industry has inevitably been affected.What should the government do to lift China's port industry out of hardship?What lies ahead for China's port industry?Professor Liu Bin,head of the World Economy Research Institute of Dalian Maritime University,took time to share his view with us.

  13. Creative industries, creative class and competitiveness: expert opinions critically appraised

    Bontje, M.A.; Musterd, S.


    In the debate on urban and regional competitiveness, it has become fashionable to stress the growing importance of creativity for economic development. Especially scientist-consultants with a keen eye for what politicians and business people want to hear have taken centre stage in this discussion. E


    Silvia Marginean


    The world is experiencing a new revolution – the knowledge revolution – fuelled by the technological change. In the same time, globalization and competitiveness are two concepts used to explain modern trends in economic development. This paper analyzes the relationship between globalization, technology and competitiveness. Globalization and technology are linked and they have generated great shifts in the national competitiveness of countries. In a broad sense, industrial revolution can be se...

  15. Dynamics of the global competitiveness of Chinese industries

    Ebbers, H.A.; Zhang, J.; Witteloostuijn, A.


    Using a two-dimensional multi-variable approach, this article investigates the competitiveness and dynamics of Chinese industries from the perspective of the international marketplace. The study reveals the step-by-step transformation of the degree of global competitiveness across 97 Chinese industr

  16. Macrolevel factors of influence on industry competitiveness of Ukrainian regions

    S.M. Tkach


    Full Text Available The aim of the article is to identify processes and phenomena of macro level, which form current conditions of the industry competitiveness of Ukraine for working out practical recommendations of its innovation increasing. The results of the analysis. The influence of macro-environment on the industry competitiveness is shown. The main factors of industry competitiveness influence which issue on the national level (political, legal, economic, institutional, commercial, etc. are outlined. These factors are synergistically intertwined and form conditions of the industry competitiveness of regions. Considering the analysis of the results of international competitiveness rankings the author found out the following factors of lowering the competitive position of Ukraine: corruption, problematic access to business finance, inflation, political instability, tax burden, inefficient government bureaucracy and unstable exchange rate. On the basis of this, the trends of factors are explored over the past five years (2011-2015 and reasons of them are identified. The particular attention is paid to institutional factors as public-private partnership, state support of industrial development, features of the development of industrial parks in Ukraine and others. Moreover, the features of foreign policy of Ukraine and structure of exports of industrial goods are explored. The study demonstrated key macro threats in Ukraine. Practical recommendations of industry competitiveness increasing are given. Conclusions and directions of further researches. The development of Ukraine for the past five years (2011-2015 characterized by dynamic changes in all spheres of life. This affected the competitiveness of the country in general and its industry in particular. Macro-level influencing factors, which created unfavorable conditions for the formation of industrial competitiveness, are: macroeconomic instability and high levels of bureaucracy, corruption, lack of

  17. The relationship between resource and environmental regulation and industrial competitiveness



    The reason why materials on earth are divided into "resources" and "waste" is fundamentally dependent on the level of industrial technology and the scale of industrial demand. The only viable option for humans to end their resource and environmental predicament is to resolutely and efficiently push forward industrialization. At present, China’s industrial development is still at a stage of severe resource and environmental deterioration. The fact that industrial production activity is becoming cleaner does not mean that industrial production has reached the satisfactory level of resource conservation and environmental protection. On the contrary, as China is still at the intermediate stage of industrialization, it is imperative to go ahead with massive resource consumption amid heavy industrial development. China’s industrial production has led to severe resource waste and environmental pollution. Therefore, strengthening resource and environmental regulation and enhancing regulatory effectiveness are still a very important, though tough, issue for China to address in its industrialization process at the present time. The fundamental objectives of government regulation of resources and the environment are: i) to realize the viable objective of resource conservation and environmental protection; and ii) to maintain an effective order of fair competition. An effective and feasible way toward resource and environmental regulation is to realize the resource conservation and environmental protection policy objectives and help improve the long-term industrial and corporate competitiveness, with a special emphasis on boosting the international competitiveness of China’s industry under the rule of fair competition. Moderate and reasonable regulatory intensity requires imposing effective constraints on corporate behavior without going beyond the maximum level of affordability dictated by the current level of industrial and corporate competitiveness, with a special

  18. The Geography of Equity Listing and Financial Centre Competition in Mainland China and Hong Kong

    B. Karreman (Bas); G.A. van der Knaap (Bert)


    textabstractThis study examines the changing competitiveness of financial centres in mainland China and Hong Kong based on the geography of equity listing of mainland Chinese firms. Pre-listing firm characteristics are used to explore firms’ motives for listing on a particular exchange and whether

  19. The Geography of Equity Listing and Financial Centre Competition in Mainland China and Hong Kong

    B. Karreman (Bas); G.A. van der Knaap (Bert)


    textabstractThis study examines the changing competitiveness of financial centres in mainland China and Hong Kong based on the geography of equity listing of mainland Chinese firms. Pre-listing firm characteristics are used to explore firms’ motives for listing on a particular exchange and whether t

  20. Industry Diversity, Competition and Firm-Relatedness

    Wang, Cong; Madsen, Jakob; Steiner, Bodo


    as related and unrelated firm varieties in terms of employment and sales. We find that the employment growth effects of local competition and diversity are positive, while the effect of Marshallian specialization is negative. Diversification is found to be particularly important for employment growth during...... the Global Financial Crisis and immediately thereafter....

  1. Competition and product quality in the supermarket industry.

    Matsa, David A


    This article analyzes the effect of competition on a supermarket firm's incentive to provide product quality. In the supermarket industry, product availability is an important measure of quality. Using U.S. Consumer Price Index microdata to track inventory shortfalls, I find that stores facing more intense competition have fewer shortfalls. Competition from Walmart—the most significant shock to industry market structure in half a century—decreased shortfalls among large chains by about a third. The risk that customers will switch stores appears to provide competitors with a strong incentive to invest in product quality.

  2. Competition and cooperation in the Chinese and Indian software industries

    方虹; 陈晓宇; 王红霞


    China and India are two of the world’s major software producers, and trade between the two countries developing is rapidly. This paper uses the Revealed Comparative Advantage (RCA) index, Export Similarity index and Gray Model to analyze the competitiveness and complementarities of the software industry between China and India. The results show weak competitiveness of China and India’s software products in the main export markets; therefore it will be enhanced in the long-term. The software industries of the two countries are highly complementary. Therefore, China and India should strengthen cooperation in this industry to seek more benefi ts.

  3. Developments and competitiveness of Mozambican chicken meat industry

    Carlos Alberto de Oliveira


    Full Text Available Mozambican poultry industry might be an option to facilitate people's access to animal protein, as well as to reduce the dependence on imports of the product, bringing jobs and income forth. This study aimed to characterize and to analyze the competitiveness of poultry industry in Mozambique. Porter’s Five Forces Model, which focuses on the five strengths that shape business competition, was applied. The results show a low level of competition within the industry, a limited supply of raw material and the fact that national products are commodities and competes with strong foreign participants. Domestic demand for chicken meat is increasing, but buyers base their decision mainly on price. Challenges include establishment of governance structure and policies for poultry sector and consumer welfare. Another alternative to improve the poultry industry in Mozambique is to promote technical cooperation with other countries, such as Brazil, in order to acquire specific structures for chicken production, genetic material and adequate nutrition.


    Felea Adrian Ioan


    Full Text Available The industry remains the most important sector of the national economy, although in the other member states the services have a more important share of GDP. In this context, the level of industrial competitiveness is essential for the national competitiveness. This is a characteristic feature for Romania, where the industry has an important share in the GDP, in comparison with the other member states. The international trade balance is an important indicator for measuring the economic competitiveness, especially the industrial competitiveness. Our country has an obvious deficit regarding the international trade balance and thus the analysis of this subject is very relevant at a sectorial level and at national economy’s branches level, when identifying solutions for raising the competitiveness. This paper is dedicated to studying Romania’s industrial competitiveness analysis throughout the recent values of the imports and exports, generated by the industry and its branches. After identifying this concern utility, this article presents the methodology used, defining and experiencing the indicators proposed for characterising the level of industrial competitiveness and also the level and dynamic of the industrial trade. In the practical part of this paper, we presented the recent evolution of the values of imports and exports for the industrial products, the share of industrial sectors in the international trade balance, particularizing the manufacturing industry – the most important industrial sector – at branch level. In the analysis of the manufacturing industry we proposed a classifying methodology divided in six levels of competitiveness, associating and characterizing the branches. The conclusions present the possible solutions for improving the Romanian international industrial trade balance.

  5. Ownership and Control in a Competitive Industry

    Karle, H.; Klein, T.J.; Stahl, K.O.


    We study a differentiated product market in which an investor initially owns a controlling stake in one of two competing firms and may acquire a non-controlling or a controlling stake in a competitor, either directly using her own assets, or indirectly via the controlled firm. While industry profits

  6. The Economic Effect of Competition in the Air Transportation Industry

    Hubbard, H. B.


    The air transportation industry has been described as a highly-competitive, regulated oligopoly or as a price-regulated cartel with blocked entry, resulting in excessive service and low load factors. The current structure of the industry has been strongly influenced by the hypotheses that increased levels of competition are desirable per se, and that more competing carriers can be economically supported in larger markets, in longer haul markets, with lower unit costs, and with higher fare levels. An elementary application of competition/game theory casts doubt on the validity of these hypotheses, but rather emphasizes the critical importance of the short-term non-variable costs in determining economic levels of competition.

  7. Competitive position of natural gas: Industrial baking

    Minsker, B.S.; Salama, S.Y.


    Industrial baking is one of the largest natural gas consumers in the food industry. In 1985, bread, rolls, cookies, and crackers accounted for over 82 percent of all baked goods production. Bread accounting for 46 percent of all production. The baking industry consumed approximately 16 trillion Btu in 1985. About 93 percent was natural gas, while distillate fuel oil accounted for seven percent, and electricity accounted for much less than one percent. The three main types of baking ovens are the single lap, tunnel, and Lanham ovens. In the single lap oven, trays carry the product back and forth through the baking chamber once. The single lap oven is the most common type of oven and is popular due to its long horizontal runs, extensive steam zone, and simple construction. The tunnel oven is slightly more efficient and more expensive that the single lap oven. IN the tunnel oven, the hearth is a motorized conveyor which passes in a straight line through a series of heating zones, with loading and unloading occurring at opposite ends of the oven. The advantages of the tunnel oven include flexibility with respect to pan size and simple, accurate top and bottom heat control. The tunnel oven is used exclusively in the cookie and cracker baking, with the product being deposited directly on the oven band. The most recently developed type of oven is the Lanham oven. The Lanham oven is the most efficient type of oven, with a per pound energy consumption approaching the practical minimum for baking bread. Between one--half and two--thirds of all new industrial baking ovens are Lanham ovens. In the Lanham oven, the product enters the oven near the top of the chamber, spirals down through a series of heating zones, and exits near the bottom of the oven. The oven is gas--fired directly by ribbon burners. 31 refs.

  8. Competition and Risk-taking in Banking Industry

    Rostislav Staněk


    Full Text Available The aim of the paper is to investigate the relationship between competition and risk-taking in the banking industry. The paper provides a general theoretical model that incorporates the charter value models and models with contracting problems. In particular, the model contains a moral hazard problem and it enables investments into the risk-free asset. Competition on the loan side of the market is modeled as spatial competition. The model predicts that the relationship between competition and the probability of bank failure is non-monotonic and U shaped. The prediction of the model is verified by the empirical analysis conducted using the data from Czech banking sector. The HerfindahlHirschman index is used as a measurement of competition and the Z-score is used as measurement of the probability of bank failure.

  9. The Competitive Environment in the Dairy Industry and its Impact on the Food Industry

    J. Špička


    Full Text Available The aim of the paper is to present in-depth view on the competitive environment of the Czech dairy industry. The financial statement analysis evaluates the financial performance of the dairy industry in the period 2007 - 2011. The sample of 38 dairy processors represents leading market players. The basic method for industry analysis is Porter five forces analysis. The paper also comprises brief analysis of technical efficiency of the dairy industry. The economic recession affected the financial performance of the Czech dairy industry in 2008. It was showed by unfavourable input-output price relations. Simultaneously, the economic downturn made consumers to switch from branded dairy products to cheaper private labels, as the analysis proved. The competitive environment within the Czech dairy industry is slightly concentrated with greatly heightened competitive relations. The vertical business relationships within dairy supply chain can be considered as the weakness of the Czech dairy industry.


    Yuvensius Sri Susilo


    Full Text Available AbstractThis study aims to analyze the impact of ASEAN Economic Community implementation in 2015 on the competitiveness of Indonesian textile and textile products industry. It uses simulations with the GTAP model to answer the proposed research questions. The GTAP simulation results suggest that Indonesian textile industry would gain the largest trade surplus followed by Thailand and Malaysia. For apparel, Vietnam would benefit the most, followed by Indonesia and Thailand. The ratio of domestic to import prices analysis suggests that Indonesian textile products have higher competitiveness than the other ASEAN’s. For the apparel products, Indonesia is as competitive as both Malaysia and the Philippines.Keywords: AEC 2015, Competitiveness, Textile dan Textile Products Industry, IndonesiaJEL Classification: C68, F15AbstrakPenelitian ini bertujuan untuk menganalisis dampak penerapan Masyarakat Ekonomi ASEAN pada 2015 pada daya saing industri tekstil dan produk tekstil Indonesia. Alat analisis yang digunakan deskriptif dan simulasi dengan model GTAP. Hasil simulasi GTAP menyarankan bahwa industri tekstil Indonesia akan memperoleh surplus perdagangan terbesar, diikuti oleh Thailand dan Malaysia. Untuk produk pakaian, Vietnam memperoleh manfaat terbesar diikuti Indonesia dan Thailand. Berdasarkan rasio harga domestik terhadap harga impor, daya saing produk tekstil Indonesia relatif lebih tinggi dibandingkan negara-negara ASEAN lainnya. Untuk produk pakaian, Indonesia kompetitif, sejajar dengan Malaysia dan Filipina.Kata kunci: AEC 2015, Daya Saing, Tekstil dan Produk Tekstil JEL Classification: C68, F15

  11. Global Competitiveness of Indian Pharmaceutical Industry: Trends and Strategies

    Pradhan, Jaya Prakash


    What are the trends in the global competitiveness of the Indian pharmaceutical industry? Where does this industry stand when compared to global peers on pharmaceutical value-added, productivity, research and development and trade performance? What are the new strategies that Indian pharmaceutical companies are adopting to become global players? These questions are addressed in this paper. It is found that strategic government policies were the main factors that transformed the status of the I...

  12. Competition

    Boone, J.


    Competition has been modelled in the literature in a number of ways.What do these different parametrizations of competition have in common?For instance, it turns out that it is not always the case that a rise in competition reduces price cost margins, industry wide profits or concentration.All param

  13. The competitiveness in the clusters of southeastern asian rubber industry

    Luís Gustavo Mazzaro


    Full Text Available The objective of this paper is to study the competitiveness of the manufacturing sector of rubber products of Malaysia, through the analysis of the medical gloves industry. The joint action between the productive sector and the State privileged the attraction of foreign investments, the focus in the exportations, the search of the competitiveness through the productivity and the best use of the resources. These practical are coherent with the clusters theory, therefore they exactly emphasize the supported growth of the productivity and the competitiveness, and not the temporary advantages or firms concentration. The performance of the specialized institutions of technological research and of the associations of the manufacturers has been expressive, either for standardization purposes, improvement of quality and product promotion in the foreign. The case study offers a counterpoint for evaluation of the strategies for industrial development in Brazil.

  14. Reshaping the electric utility industry: Competitive implications for Illinois

    Maschoff, D.C.


    This paper briefly outlines some of the issues in the electric power industry restructuring. In addition, the impacts of these changes on the energy marketplace are discussed. Federal policy initiatives, state regulatory response, and utility management response are each described. Management skills are identified as the critical success factor for competition in the utility market.

  15. Energy situation and competitiveness of the aluminium industry

    Legler, H.


    The west german aluminium industry has heavily run into the wake of price competition; the high energy price level in the FRG in international comparison carries heavy weight. The technological potential of energy saving is limited. The electricity prices to aluminium smelters are politically determined: They depend on the importance which economic policy attaches to the competitiveness of electricity intensive industries. Since the end of the seventies the tendency of improved results in international trade has been broken. Other important supply factors are not advantageous. Compared to a lot of other economies the west german aluminium industry invests too little in research and development. Although the share of unskilled workers is high, it does not seem impossible to close the technological gap. - The environmental protection expenditures are considerable. Energy is not the only problem of the aluminium industry Electricity price subsidies do not produce any effect in the long run. The prospects of cheap electricity in comparison with other nations are not bright. Without a doubt the considerable regional and sectoral discriminations in setting electricity prices could be - and have to be - removed. Then the competition within FRG between electricity users would be less heavily distorted. The electricity price level will tend to drop significantly in an economy which applies more competitive pressure to power companies than today.

  16. Study on Competitive Power of Rare Earth Industry in China

    Qian Jiuhong; Li Guoping


    China is abundant of rare earth resources, it has been the biggest producer, consumer and supplier. The superiority and the scale within the last 40 years make it possible to develop China's rare earth industry in a higher degree.But the superiority of rare earth resources has not turned into the economic superiority, and the development of rare earth industry in China with high speed does not lead to high benefits. Therefore, it has become the hot point and vital task now how to resolve the main problems of rare earth industry in China and how to make its rare earth industry grow healthily and steadily through transforming resources, adjusting structure, escalating industry, bringing forth new ideas in technology. This article aims at analyzing the competitive power of China's rare earth industry in the application of "Diamond framework, Determinants of National Advantage" written by Michael Porter, the well-known economist,based on the analysis, the author puts forward a strategic proposal to raise the competitive power.

  17. Generation expansion planning in a competitive electric power industry

    Chuang, Angela Shu-Woan

    This work investigates the application of non-cooperative game theory to generation expansion planning (GEP) in a competitive electricity industry. We identify fundamental ways competition changes the nature of GEP, review different models of oligopoly behavior, and argue that assumptions of the Cournot model are compatible with GEP. Applying Cournot theory of oligopoly behavior, we formulate a GEP model that may characterize expansion in the new competitive regime, particularly in pool-dominated generation supply industries. Our formulation incorporates multiple markets and is patterned after the basic design of the California ISO/PX system. Applying the model, we conduct numerical experiments on a test system, and analyze generation investment and market participation decisions of different candidate expansion units that vary in costs and forced outage rates. Simulations are performed under different scenarios of competition. In particular, we observe higher probabilistic measures of reliability from Cournot expansion compared to the expansion plan of a monopoly with an equivalent minimum reserve margin requirement. We prove several results for a subclass of problems encompassed by our formulation. In particular, we prove that under certain conditions Cournot competition leads to greater total capacity expansion than a situation in which generators collude in a cartel. We also show that industry output after introduction of new technology is no less than monopoly output. So a monopoly may lack sufficient incentive to introduce new technologies. Finally, we discuss the association between capacity payments and the issue of pricing reliability. And we derive a formula for computing ideal capacity payment rates by extending the Value of Service Reliability technique.

  18. Relationships between vocational training centres and industrial SMEs in the Basque Country: A Regional Innovation System approach

    Eneka Albizu


    Full Text Available Purpose: The aim of this document is to analyse the reach of the relation between vocational training (VT centres and industrial SMEs in the Basque Country (Spain, and its influence on innovation processes developed by companies.Design/methodology/approach: We employ the conceptual framework offered by the Regional Innovation System (RIS perspective and the information supplied, on the one hand, by relevant actors within the vocational training system, through in-depth interviews, and, on the other, by the response of industrial SMEs to a survey.Findings: The results obtained suggest that vocational training centres are an agent of significance within the RIS, contributing through its main lines of action (formal education, continuous training and company services to improving the competitiveness of companies and to stimulating their innovation processes.Research limitations: Although this paper has described the nature of the main mechanisms of relation between VT centres and industrial SMEs, there is a need for ongoing research to analyse the contribution of the educational system to innovation processes in industrial SMEs. For this purpose it would be interesting to measure how the skills of qualified workers and technicians coming from the VT system mesh with company innovation processes.Originality/value: The results of this study highlight a positive relationship between vocational training and innovation.


    Margareta RUSU-TANASA


    Full Text Available This paper proposes an overview of the evolution in the wood processing industry in the process of regional development. The concept of clusters has become more and more popular in recent years, as more and more theorists and practitioners realize its potential; nevertheless the idea of cluster research in the wood processing industry is relatively new. With the shift to knowledge based management, the difference made by creative networks and clusters that promote research, development and innovation is crucial. The purpose of this paper is to underline the benefits that can come from cluster development and outline the impact of clusters on innovation, Knowledge and competitiveness in the wood processing industry and the Romanian Economy.


    Anas M. Fauzi


    Full Text Available Kampung Vannamei as shrimp cluster is being developed since 2004 by PT CP Prima, tbk Surabaya through Shrimp Culture Health Management transformation technology to several traditional farmers in Gresik, Lamongan, Tuban, and Madura areas. The research objectives aims to identify and mapping of stakeholder, to analyze interaction of stakeholders, to formulate strategy from internal and external environment factors and to set priority on strategy to develop sustainable and competitive shrimp cluster in the Kampung vannamei. Primary data was collected through stakeholders’ discussion forums, questionnaires, and interviews with relevant actors. Observations to the business unit also performed to determine the production and business conditions, particularly in capturing information about the threat and challenges. While the secondary data is used in policy documents national and local area statistics, and relevant literature. Analyses were performed by using the SRI International cluster pyramid, diamond porter’s analysis, SWOT and Matrix TOWS analysis, and analytical hierarchy process. Analyses were performed by the methods discussed in qualitative and descriptive. There are 7 strategies could be implemented to develop sustainable and competitive shrimp cluster. However, it is recommended to implement the strategy base on priority, which the first priority is strategy to improve linkages between businesses in the upstream and downstream industries into multi stakeholders’ platform in shrimp industry.Keywords: Shrimp, Cluster, Competitiveness, Diamond Porter, SWOT Analysis, AHP

  1. Competitiveness and industrial property rights; Competitividad y derechos de propiedad industrial

    Fernandez Gonzalez, A.


    Improved procedures and tax reduction of the instruments of industrial property rights is one of the most prominent items set out in the Plan for the Promotion of Industrial Property in Spain (IP Plan) approved in the last year. These measures, designed to improve the competitiveness of our productive system, along with support for internationalization of our patents and brands, are bound to achieve the first key aim (competitiveness) of the draft LES, what is considered essential to accelerate modernization of our economy and correct its imbalances. (Author)

  2. China’s wood furniture manufacturing industry: industrial cluster and export competitiveness

    Yang, Hongqiang; Ji, Chunyi; Nie, Ning; Hong, Yinxing


    China is the largest furniture exporter in the world. Its wood furniture industry has become an important part of the country’s forestry economic development. Hence, investigating China’s furniture industry cluster and export competitiveness is favorable for the sustainable development of China’s forestry industry. This study indicates that, under the guidance of the export-oriented strategy of China’s reform and opening up for 30 years, the country’s furniture industry has formed three big i...

  3. Supply chain management and relational competitive advantage in footwear industry

    Fernando Luiz Emerenciano Viana


    Full Text Available This work investigated the supply chain management contribution to competitive advantage for companies in the footwear industry, with a primary focus on the inter-organizational relationship analysis. It was used an analysis model developed by Viana (2010, whose main theoretical support is given by relational view (DYER; SINGH, 1998. It is an interpretive multiple case study, including two companies that operate in Ceará State. The data analysis procedure used the constant comparison method, with the Atlas/ti software assistance. In general, it is realized that in the buyers-suppliers relationships prevails the partnership and the main assumptions of supply chain management are applied, which contributes for the relational competitive advantage. In the relationships between enterprises and the government and development institutions, tax incentives are the main resource accessed, which contribute for temporary competitive advantage over competitors that do not have production facilities in the Northeast region as well as lead to a competitive parity situation to competitors that have production facilities in the Northeast region and to the external market competitors.

  4. Competitive Strategy of Banking Industry (Studies in Bengkulu Province

    Syaiful Anwar AB


    Full Text Available The purpose of this study examines the competitive strategies tested the banking industry in the province of Bengkulu. Issues raised in this study is the extent the competitive strategy of banking and can ultimately increased customer. The aim to be achieved is to know what strategies can be applied. The analysis tool is to use qualitative paradigm mapping descriptive with banks in the province of Bengkulu with cluster analysis. Data collection method used in this study was secondary data collection and in-depth interviews. The results of this study conducted that the application of competitive strategy of Bank Rakyat Indonesia, Bank Mandiri, Bank Bengkulu and market penetration strategy was by opening a branch office network and cash office assistant sub-district area are yielded  positive results. From the aspect of services offered, the customer feels that the diversification of services has been able to meet customer needs. The aspect of competitive strategy, distribution aspects of a positive assessment, especially the ease of access, is felt more quickly. Customers feel that the branch offices is still lack, particularly for the Bank are classified as market followers. Customers feel that the promotion is still lacking, particularly those Bank whose branches or cash office in the area. The  strategy  that may be used is a segmentation strategy, developing target market, and positioning.

  5. Application of imperialist competitive optimization algorithm in power industry

    Mohammad Shahrazad


    Full Text Available In future electricity industry transferring high quality of power is essential. In this case, using Flexible AC Transmission System (FACTS devices is inevitable. FACTS devices are used for controlling the voltage, stability, power flow and security of transmission lines. Therefore, finding the optimal locations for these devices in power networks is necessary. There are several varieties of FACTS devices with different characteristics, deployed for different purposes. Imperialist Competitive (IC algorithm is a recently developed optimization technique, applied in power systems. IC algorithm is a new heuristic approach for global optimization searches based on the concept of imperialistic competition. In this paper, an IEEE 4-bus system is deployed as a case study in order to demonstrate the results of this novel approach using MATLAB.

  6. Globalization, Competitiveness, International Trade, Industrial Policy and Employement

    Joaquín Novella


    Full Text Available Competitiveness is presented as a variable key in the present context of a worldwide economy and extends its influence over the international trade tendencies, industrial policies and employment.The variations which trade relations at international level have undergone throughout the second half of the twentieth century have been accompanied by successive theoretical contributions, which have evolved from the traditional theories of the nineteenth century concerning comparative advantages and which introduce more complex factors.The product cycle model expounded by Vernon offers an explanation for the continual flow of sectors at international level as well as the characteristics of the most adequate industrial policy and the commercial patterns of each State revealing the importance of technology, human capital and international marketing as key factors for international competitiveness.This article explains the appearance of news procedures of international competitiveness based on product diferentiation, quality and brand image which, nowadays, coexist with traditional models such as costs and prices reductions.At every stage of a country’s development, a sectorial production structure together with some specific demand characteristics, salary and productivity levels correspond to it. All these latter aspects are interelated and should be analysed all together. With globalization, the speed with which a product passes from one phase to another has accelerated as well as the time it travels from the central countries to those intermediate ones and from there successively to those in the South, in such a way that these sectorialswings in international trade should be considered as a normal effect of it. Competition via salary reductions and social security benefits is not the only nor the most recommendable solution given that, in the long term, it affects the quality of production and social stability degrading as it does the standard of

  7. Competitiveness of the Garment Industry on the Basis of the Industrial Cluster Establishment

    Tatiana Dmitrievna Sinyavets


    Full Text Available The issue of the development prospects of the Russian economy and the economy of its individual branches in the regions is highly relevant in terms of the increasing crises and economic development challenges. The scope of the study is a garment industry of the Siberian Federal District, which includes 12 subjects, and only six of them develop the garment industry actively. There are the regions of Kemerovo, Novosibirsk, Omsk, Tomsk, Krasnoyarsk Krai and the Republic of Khakassia. The subject matter of the research is the state and prospects of the garment industry of the Siberian Federal District. It also includes the assessment of the garment industry as one of the sub-sectors of the light industry in terms of its competitiveness in the domestic market. The purpose of the comprehensive study is to determine the conditions and factors affecting the development of the industry, as well as to identify its development reserves and competitiveness on the basis of industrial cluster’s generation. The hypothesis of this study is that in the Siberian Federal District, there are a need and reserves to create a cluster of the garment industry. The main methods of the study are the comparative analysis, the expert assessment of the sector in certain regions of the Siberian Federal District, as well as the assessment of possible formation of the industrial cluster in the region. The results of the study are the evaluation of the competitiveness and prospects of the garment industry in Russia and the Siberian Federal District (a low level of development and competitiveness; the evaluation of the development level of the garment industry in the Federal District, which have showed the demand for apparel products from the population and enterprises, as well as the conditions for the provision of clothing manufacture with natural fabrics and synthetic materials, labor resources and research and development achievements; also the justification of the existing

  8. The role of leadership in bridging the cultural divide within university-industry cooperative research centres

    Mahdad, Maral; Bogers, Marcel; Piccaluga, Andrea

    The purpose of this study is to understand the role of leadership in bridging the cultural gap within university-industry cooperative research centres. Many different aspects of university-industry collaborations have been researched, but the role of leadership in such organizations has not been...... deeply investigated. In order to advance our understanding in this context, our multiple case study addresses the question of how leadership bridges the cultural divide within university-industry joint laboratories. Our results are derived from 53 in-depth interviews with laboratory directors...... by distributed leadership practices at the collective level as being crucial in bridging the cultural divide between individuals within university-industry research centres. Our qualitative analysis draws on an analytical framework for leadership of university-industry cooperative research centres. Our findings...

  9. Study on the Competitiveness of the Romanian Meat Processing Industry

    Silvius Stanciu


    Full Text Available Meat processing represents a strategic sector that can significantly contribute to local food industry competitiveness and national food security. The generous natural resources available to Romania and the tradition in animal husbandry can provide adequate raw materials for the processing industry in order to cover domestic consumption needs and obtain substantial revenues by export. Currently, Romanian meat market is dependent on the imports of meat, as carcasses or processed products. There have been mainly live animals or semi-finished products which are exported, fact which led to an imbalance of trade and to low revenues for the domestic meat industry. This article proposes an analysis of the local meat processing industry in terms of production, consumption and trade transactions, assessed in the international context of the meat market. The study indicates that in the last few years, Romania has recorded significant progress in the meat processing and production domain; nevertheless, the financial performance of the local companies is inferior to that of the EU companies. Except the poultry meat and mutton sectors, in which the export value exceeds imports, the other sectors show a deficit, the domestic demand not being covered. The low concentration degree of the companies from the meat processing industry show a continued market fragmentation and a growth potential for the existing companies.

  10. Competitive Advantages of Indonesian Plywood Industry: A Perspective from Porter???s Five Forces Model



    The Understanding industry structure is of great concern to industry strategic since depending against the competitive forces and shaping them in a company???s favor area essential to strategy. Competitive advantages provide the framework for assessing strategy and understanding the source of competitive advantage. This paper applies Porter Five Forces Model to identify the positioning of competitive advantages of plywood industry in South Sulawesi, Indonesia. Qualitative research was carried...

  11. Statistical, ecosystems and competitiveness analysis of the media and content industries : The Music Industry

    Simon, J.P.; Leurdijk, A.G.D.; Nieuwenhuis, O.A.


    This report offers an in-depth analysis of the major economic developments in the music industry. It looks at music companies, and covers the production and distribution of recorded music, including online distribution, and the competition which these companies face from other online music providers

  12. Statistical, ecosystems and competitiveness analysis of the media and content industries : The Newspaper Publishing Industry

    Simon, J.P.; Leurdijk, A.G.D.; Slot, M.; Nieuwenhuis, O.A.


    This report offers an in-depth analysis of the major economic developments in the music industry. It looks at music companies, and covers the production and distribution of recorded music, including online distribution, and the competition which these companies face from other online music providers

  13. Risk management in the competitive electric power industry

    Dahlgren, Robert William

    From 1990 until present day, the electric power industry has experienced dramatic changes worldwide. This recent evolution of the power industry has included creation and multiple iterations of competitive wholesale markets in many different forms. The creation of these competitive markets has resulted in increased short-term volatility of power prices. Vertically integrated utilities emerged from years of regulatory controls to now experience the need to perform risk assessment. The goal of this dissertation is to provide background and details of the evolution of market structures combined with examples of how to apply price risk assessment techniques such as Value-at-Risk (VaR). In Chapter 1, the history and evolution of three selected regional markets, PJM, California, and England and Wales is presented. A summary of the commonalities and differences is presented to provide an overview of the rate of transformation of the industry in recent years. The broad area of risk management in the power industry is also explored through a State-of-the-Art Literature Survey. In Chapter 2, an illustration of risk assessment to power trading is presented. The techniques of Value-at-Risk and Conditional Value-at-Risk are introduced and applied to a common scenario. The advantages and limitations of the techniques are compared through observation of their results against the common example. Volatility in the California Power Markets is presented in Chapter 3. This analysis explores the California markets in the summer of 2000 including the application of VaR analysis to the extreme volatility observed during this period. In Chapter 4, CVaR is applied to the same California historical data used in Chapter 3. In addition, the unique application of minimizing the risk of a power portfolio by minimizing CVaR is presented. The application relies on recent research into CVaR whereby the portfolio optimization problem can be reduced to a Linear Programming problem.

  14. Investment-innovation mechanism of ensuring competitiveness of industrial enterprises

    Kozyk Vasyl V.


    Full Text Available The article considers the process of formation of the investment-innovation mechanism of ensuring competitiveness of industrial enterprises. It identifies the essence, composition, goals and means of functioning of this mechanism. It establishes sequence of the process of functioning of the investment-innovation mechanism of ensuring competitiveness of economic subjects. It marks out such particular types of this mechanism: mechanism of renovation of fixed assets of an enterprise, mechanism of formation of channels and network of sales of enterprise products, mechanism of expansion of production capacity of the enterprise on manufacture of traditional types of products, mechanism of introduction of new progressive production processes, mechanism of development and production of innovation products, and mechanism of reduction of the level of risk of investment activity of the enterprise. The article conducts modelling of the process of development and realisation of investment solutions on introduction of progressive technologies of manufacture of products at the enterprise. It offers a method of selection of the most competitive variant of technology of manufacture of products depending on the level of quality and also specific current capital outlays for their manufacture.

  15. Social Networks and Industry Competitiveness: The Case of Liliw Footwear Industry

    Dr. Juvy G. Mojares


    Full Text Available One of the effects of trade liberalization is the reduction of tariff rates for the manufacturing sector. Aldaba (2012 found that trade liberalization has increased the likelihood of firms exiting the manufacturing industry. Unless domestic firms face economies of scale, they will not be able to cope to the adverse effects of trade liberalization. The footwear industry is an example. It has been reported that the footwear industry in Marikina, known as the Shoe Capital of the Philippines, and in Binan, Laguna are said to be slowly dying in these areas. This has adversely affected shoe laborers who, because of lack of employment opportunities in their respective localities, have started to move to other places in search of employment. A number of them found employment in Liliw, Laguna. This study explores the conditions that enable the footwear industry to flourish amidst competition at the local, regional, and national levels and to explore the role of social networks in the competitiveness of four selected footwear firms in Liliw. Results showed that Liliw footwear industry was able to compete in the market effectively due to the following factors: the reputation of Liliw as producer of affordable, cheap, and marketable footwear products, increased competition among local footwear producers, enmity of local footwear producers against imported footwear products from China, and the existence of financial and community support arrangements.

  16. An analysis of China's global industrial competitive strength based on vertical specialization

    ZHANG Xiaodi; SUN Jingwei


    At the beginning of the 1990s,China witnessed an increase in its international competitive strength in technology-inteusive and capital-intensive industries,and a decrease in strength in labor-intensive industries.This paper analyzes the effcct of vertical specialization on China's international industrial competitive strength,exphircs how different industries have varying reactions under its implementation,and employs theory to explain the possible causes of these reactions.It is found that vertical specialization can help to strengthen China's global industrial competitiveness,and on that basis,some suggestions are given on how to improve that competitiveness.

  17. Informatics requirements for a restructured competitive electric power industry

    Pickle, S.; Marnay, C.; Olken, F. [eds.


    The electric power industry in the United States is undergoing a slow but nonetheless dramatic transformation. It is a transformation driven by technology, economics, and politics; one that will move the industry from its traditional mode of centralized system operations and regulated rates guaranteeing long-run cost recovery, to decentralized investment and operational decisionmaking and to customer access to true spot market prices. This transformation will revolutionize the technical, procedural, and informational requirements of the industry. A major milestone in this process occurred on December 20, 1995, when the California Public Utilities Commission (CPUC) approved its long-awaited electric utility industry restructuring decision. The decision directed the three major California investor-owned utilities to reorganize themselves by the beginning of 1998 into a supply pool, at the same time selling up to a half of their thermal generating plants. Generation will be bid into this pool and will be dispatched by an independent system operator. The dispatch could potentially involve bidders not only from California but from throughout western North America and include every conceivable generating technology and scale of operation. At the same time, large customers and aggregated customer groups will be able to contract independently for their supply and the utilities will be required to offer a real-time pricing tariff based on the pool price to all their customers, including residential. In related proceedings concerning competitive wholesale power markets, the Federal Energy Regulatory Commission (FERC) has recognized that real-time information flows between buyers and sellers are essential to efficient equitable market operation. The purpose of this meeting was to hold discussions on the information technologies that will be needed in the new, deregulated electric power industry.

  18. Competition, Efficiency, and Soundness in Banking : An Industrial Organization Perspective

    Schaeck, K.; Cihák, M.


    How can competition enhance bank soundness? Does competition improve soundness via the efficiency channel? Do banks heterogeneously respond to competition? To answer these questions, we exploit an innovative measure of competition [Boone, J., A new way to measure competition, EconJnl, Vol. 118, pp.

  19. Competition, Efficiency, and Soundness in Banking : An Industrial Organization Perspective

    Schaeck, K.; Cihák, M.


    How can competition enhance bank soundness? Does competition improve soundness via the efficiency channel? Do banks heterogeneously respond to competition? To answer these questions, we exploit an innovative measure of competition [Boone, J., A new way to measure competition, EconJnl, Vol. 118, pp.

  20. Spanish industry and competitiveness. The overview from the Industrial Observatories; Industria espanola y competitividad. La vision desde los observatorios industriales

    Ortigosa Goni, J. A.; Fuente Garcia, T. de la


    This article analyzes the competitiveness of the Spanish industry. It explains the interdependencies and relations that link globalization, internationalization and international trade with competitiveness. The main features of the Spanish industry are also studied in depth, its strengths and weaknesses. Finally, the challenges that the Spanish industry will face in the future are considered, as well as the role that the industrial observatories will play in that context. (Author)

  1. Defense Acquisition Policy and Defense Industrial Base Reinforcement Strategy - Enhancing the International Competitiveness of the Korean National Defense Industry


    Korea Defense Industry Association (KDIA). (2007). Annual management review of Korean Defense Industry. Seoul: Author. Lee, D.O. (2000...COMPETITIVENESS OF THE KOREAN NATIONAL DEFENSE INDUSTRY Published: 23 April 2008 by Dr. Dae Ok Lee 5th Annual Acquisition Research Symposium of the...International Competitiveness of the Korean National Defense Industry 5a. CONTRACT NUMBER 5b. GRANT NUMBER 5c. PROGRAM ELEMENT NUMBER 6. AUTHOR(S) 5d

  2. Statistical, Ecosystems and Competitiveness Analysis of the Media and Content Industries: The Newspaper Publishing Industry

    Leurdijk, Andra; Slot, Mijke; NIEUWENHUIS Ottilie


    This report offers an in-depth analysis of the major economic developments in the music industry. It looks at music companies, and covers the production and distribution of recorded music, including online distribution, and the competition which these companies face from other online music providers. It also looks at the organisation of live performances and the exploitation of music copyright, though data on how these activities contribute to revenues in the sector are less systematically av...

  3. How does competition structure affect industry merger waves? A network analysis perspective

    Hou, Rui; Yang, Jianmei; Yao, Canzhong; McKelvey, Bill


    By taking China's beer industry as an example, this paper establishes a series of industrial competition-pressure networks and examines the correlation between competition structure and merger actions. We present a cascade dynamic-merger agent-based computational model driven by competition pressure diffusion to describe the forming process of industry merger wave. The empirical analyses and agent-based computational simulation results show that the competition structure among rivals has a strong effect on the scale, the duration time, and the stability of industry merger wave. We also give explanations on why there are different simulation results between in single market competition environment and in multi-market competition environment, as well as discuss the management implications for the industry-merger policy makers and the merger-tactics decision makers that are involved in merger wave.

  4. An economic and legal assessment of the EU food industry's competitiveness

    Wijnands, J.H.M.; Bremmers, H.J.; Poppe, K.J.; Meulen, van der B.M.J.


    The objective of this article is to assess the competitiveness of the European food industry from an economic and legal perspective. Knowledge of its present competitiveness and improvement opportunities are lacking. To close this knowledge gap, we measured the competitiveness of eight subsectors, b

  5. An economic and legal assessment of the EU food industry's competitiveness

    Wijnands, J.H.M.; Bremmers, H.J.; Poppe, K.J.; Meulen, van der B.M.J.


    The objective of this article is to assess the competitiveness of the European food industry from an economic and legal perspective. Knowledge of its present competitiveness and improvement opportunities are lacking. To close this knowledge gap, we measured the competitiveness of eight subsectors,

  6. A Qualitative Investigation of Competition in the U.S. Hardwood Lumber Industry

    Robert J. Bush; Steven A. Sinclair; Philip A. Araman


    Competition in the U.S. hardwood lumber industry was investigated through interviews with company executives. The largest and smallest companies in the industry were found to be the most production oriented. When the competitive strategies of the companies were categorized using Porterâs (21) strategic typology, Overall Cost Leadership strategies were found to be the...

  7. The {open_quotes}obligation to serve{close_quotes} and a competitive electric industry

    Colton, R.D. [Fisher, Sheehan and Colton (United States)


    This report presents an assessment of what the ``obligation to serve`` might look like in a competitive electric industry. Broadly, this research has three objectives: to define the ``duty to serve`` of a competitive electric industry; to identify those companies to whom that duty applies; and to explain how that duty protects residual classes.

  8. The Logo of Top 500 Competitive Companines of China’s Textile & Apparel Industry Released


    TOP500Competitive Companies of China’s Textile and Apparel IndustryTOP500Competitive Companies of China’s Textile and Apparel Industry Program,sponsored by ChinaTextile Statistics Center,was lanuched in15th July this year.The logo of this program is released now.This is

  9. Hospetitiveness – the Empirical Model of Competitiveness in Romanian Hospitality Industry

    Radu Emilian; Claudia Elena Tuclea; Madalina Lavinia Tala; Catalina Nicoleta Brîndusoiu


    Our interest is focused on an important sector of the national economy: the hospitality industry. The paper is the result of a careful analysis of the literature and of a field research. According to the answers of hotels' managers, competitiveness is based mainly on service quality and cost control. The analyses of questionnaires and dedicated literature lead us to the design of a competitiveness model for hospitality industry, called "Hospetitiveness – The empirical model of competitiveness...

  10. Is there a level of competition intensity that maximizes investment in the mobile telecommunications industry?

    Houngbonon, Georges Vivien; Jeanjean, Francois


    This paper empirically assesses the impact of the intensity of competition on investment in new technologies within the mobile telecommunications industry. Using firm level panel data and an instrumental variable estimation it finds an inverted-U relationship between competition intensity and investment. The intermediate level of competition intensity that maximizes investment stands at 62 percent, whereby competition intensity is measured by 1-Lerner index at the firm level. This means that ...

  11. Evolution of competition in Vietnam industries over the recent economic transition

    Doan, Tinh; Stevens, Philip


    Vietnam has gone through massive economic restructuring from a socialist command economy to market-oriented economy. This provides an excellent example of a country that has experienced changes in competition regime. Economic reforms in late 1980s and 1990s and the introduction of pro-competitive policies in the first half of 2000s have radically altered the economic and, in particular, competitive environment. Understanding the evolution of competition across industries is an important step ...

  12. Industry Cluster's Adaptive Co-competition Behavior Modeling Inspired by Swarm Intelligence

    Xiang, Wei; Ye, Feifan

    Adaptation helps the individual enterprise to adjust its behavior to uncertainties in environment and hence determines a healthy growth of both the individuals and the whole industry cluster as well. This paper is focused on the study on co-competition adaptation behavior of industry cluster, which is inspired by swarm intelligence mechanisms. By referencing to ant cooperative transportation and ant foraging behavior and their related swarm intelligence approaches, the cooperative adaptation and competitive adaptation behavior are studied and relevant models are proposed. Those adaptive co-competition behaviors model can be integrated to the multi-agent system of industry cluster to make the industry cluster model more realistic.

  13. Modeling policy mix to improve the competitiveness of Indonesian palm oil industry

    Roland Y H Silitonga


    Full Text Available Purpose: The purpose of this research is to develop a model that will explain the impact of government policies to the competitiveness of palm oil industry. The model involves two commodities in this industry, namely crude palm oil (CPO and refined palm oil (RPO, each has different added value. Design/methodology/approach: The model built will define the behavior of government in controlling palm oil industry, and their interactions with macro-environment, in order to improve the competitiveness of the industry. Therefore the first step was to map the main activities in this industry using value chain analysis. After that a conceptual model was built, where the output of the model is competitiveness of the industry based on market share. The third step was model formulation. The model is then utilized to simulate the policy mix given by government in improving the competitiveness of Palm Oil Industry. Research limitations/implications: The model was developed using only some policies which give direct impact to the competitiveness of the industry. For macro environment input, only price is considered in this model. Practical implications: The model can simulate the output of the industry for various government policies mix given to the industry. Originality/value: This research develops a model that can represent the structure and relationship between industry, government and macro environment, using value chain analysis and hierarchical multilevel system approach.

  14. Research on the competitiveness of high-tech industries in northeast China

    Liu, Lei; Wang, Yang; Wang, Ming-Quan; Xiao, Yan-Bo; Gao, Ming


    Based on characteristics of high-tech industry in Northeast China, high-tech industry competitiveness index system was developed, and the competitiveness of high-tech industry was evaluated through principal component analysis and location quotient method. The results showed that the scale of high-tech industry in Northeast China as a whole was small, and presented a decreasing trend for the proportion in the country. The competitiveness of high-tech industry in Northeast China lagged far behind that of the eastern and central regions. The high-tech industry competitiveness of Liaoning, Jilin and Heilongjiang provinces in China ranked 15, 19 and 21, respectively. The manufacture of medicine in Jilin province, and the manufacture of aircraft and spacecraft and the related equipment in Liaoning and Heilongjiang provinces had high competitive advantage, but the manufacture of electronic equipment and communication equipment and the manufacture of computers and office equipment was lack of competitiveness. The development suggestions were put forward to improve the competitiveness of high-tech industries in Northeast China.

  15. The Competition for Industry Research Funding: How Satisfied Are University Commercial Research Clients?

    Coyle, Troy


    Constrained public funding for universities and the emphasis placed on university-industry interactions mean that universities are increasingly required to compete for industrial funds for research. This in turn means that universities need to develop a customer service culture in order to be competitive and attractive to industry. Many studies…

  16. Industrial Structure and Competitive Strength of 31 Provincial Districts——A GIS-based Dynamic Shift-Share Analysis


    By using the dynamic shift-share analysis, the industrial structure and competitive strength of 31 provincial districts except Taiwan, Hong Kong and Macau are studied by taking the GDP of the three industries as the research entrance and the whole nation as the reference district. The industrial structure and competitive strength of each provincial district is measured. Through the analysis of pertinence, the correlation degree of industrial structure and industrial competitive strength to economic growth is analyzed. The results show that the industrial competitive strength is closely related to the economic growth of the 31 provincial districts, but the contribution made by the industrial structure to economic growth is insufficient and the effect of industrial structure does not match with that of industrial competitive strength. According to industrial competitiveness and industrial structure effect, 31 provincial districts of the whole nation are divided into 4 types and the relevant countermeasures of the four types are put forward.

  17. Changes in the competitive advantages of Croatia’s manufacturing industry

    Tomislav Galović


    Full Text Available The aim of this research is to analyse the position and detecte competitive advantages of Croatia’s manufacturing industry in foreign exchange trading. The methodology of this research is based on the application of indices of openness to foreign trade and detected competitive advantages, as well as the complete analysis of the manufacturing industry structure of the Republic of Croatia. In order to analyse the competitive advantages of the manufacturing industry in the Republic of Croatia the following quantitative methods were used: Revealed Comparative Advantage (RCA, as a method for detecting comparative advantages of exporting goods of some countries, Export Competitiveness Indices (XS, as a method for measuring export competitiveness of the observed countries, Export Specialization Index (ES, as a method for comparing export activities of the manufacturing industry in the Republic of Croatia and the European Union, and the Relative Trade Advantage Index (RTA that incorporates the RCA and the RMA indices. The main results of the research indicate competitive advantages detected by measuring, evaluation of the Croatian manufacturing industry particularly on foreign markets, recommendations and proposals in order to reach a higher level of export competitiveness. The main conclusion of this research is that there is a need to establish prerequisites and to define measures for structural changes in the Croatian manufacturing industry.Key words: JEL classification: O18, O12, F18, R11


    Dijana Pletikosa


    .... Contrary to initial expectations this research did not confirm thesis that Istria is highly successful and competitive tourist region. Reasons for that are many, such as seasonality, lack of high class hotels and quality greenfield investments.

  19. Restructuring the Chilean electric industry: from monopoly to competition

    Raineri, R.; Rudnick, H. [Catholic University of Chile, Santiago (Chile)


    Chile has been amongst the pioneers of restructuring and liberalization of electricity. As far back as 1982, it introduced reform legislation aimed at bringing competition and private investment into the sector, which has brought about the expansion of capacity necessary to meet growing demand in this developing economy. Reform in Chile has also brought competition in installing transmission lines and gas pipelines as well as power plants. (author)

  20. The Role Of Human Capital In The Competitive Platform Of South African Industries

    E. P. J. Kleynhans


    Full Text Available The objective of this study was to investigate the role of human capital in the competitive platform of South African industries and to determine the ability of their human capital to address the challenges of modern technology and globalisation. Attention is given to the competitive strengths and investment opportunities, including the quality and availability of human resources, labour cost, level of education and skills, vocational and industry related training facility, work ethics, productivity, workplace regulations, as well as efficiency of the civil service; including productivity and competitiveness indexes. The study found that the level of human capital in South African industries is much higher than the general perception and not the worst element of South Africa’s competitive platform. The findings also indicated challenges, like absentees due to AIDS and other factors, a shortage of artisans and proficiency towards modern technology and innovation, which limits competitiveness.

  1. Basic Tools and Frameworks for Analyzing and Understanding Competitiveness Within the Industry.

    Enida Pulaj (Brakaj


    Full Text Available The relationship between competition and challenges for sustainable growth in thecountry, industry or a firm is an argument and a basic element for the development ofpolicies, strategies and adaptation to strategic changes. The purpose of this paper is toreview the existing frameworks for analysing and understanding competitiveness andespecially their application within an industry. In order that, this initiative to study andmeasure the attractiveness of the industry, to develop and find the properimplementation, it is necessary to build the field and infrastructure through which it will bepossible to understand and measure indicators such as attractiveness, rivalry among firms,competitive position in the industry and the strategic choices. Based on this review, it isgiven the way in which each industry can be studied and, above all, to test the extent ofapplication of the model and the theory of Porter in the Albanian business environment.Key words: competitivenes, industry, strategy, Porter`s forces

  2. 76 FR 35912 - Business Jet Aircraft Industry: Structure and Factors Affecting Competitiveness; Institution of...


    ... ). The media should contact Margaret O'Laughlin, Office of External Relations... competitiveness of the business jet aircraft industry in the United States, Brazil, Canada, Europe, and China. To...

  3. Ad valorem versus unit taxes: Monopolistic competition, heterogeneous firms, and intra-industry reallocations

    Schröder, Philipp; Sørensen, Allan

    a general equilibrium monopolistic competition model with heterogeneous firms and intra-industry reallocations. We show that the welfare superiority of ad valorem over unit taxes under imperfect competition is not only preserved but amplified. The additional difference between the tools arises because unit...

  4. Performance of the Dutch non-life insurance industry: competition, efficiency and focus

    Bikker, J.A.; Gorter, J.


    This paper investigates competition in the Dutch non-life insurance industry indirectly by measuring scale economies and X-inefficiency, assuming that strong competition would force insurance firms to exploit unused scale economies and to push down inefficiencies. We observe substantial economies of

  5. The measurement of customer service quality as a competitive strategy in an industrial environment


    M.Tech. This study deals with the measurement of customer service quality in an industrial environment. The concept was to measure service quality and then develop a competitive strategy based on this. The mechanism used is the SERVQUAL model. Subsequently reengineering aspects of customer service based on the findings is proposed as a competitive advantage. The study is diagnostic in nature offering insights on the application of a well researched service quality model in an industrial en...

  6. Vertical integration and product market competition: Evidence from the Spanish local TV industry

    Gil, Ricard


    This paper empirically examines the relation between product market competition and vertical integration in the Spanish local TV industry. For this reason, I use a data set of Spanish local TV stations that provides station level information on vertical integration and product market competition, as well as other station and market characteristics, for the years 1996, 1999 and 2002. During this period, changes in regulation in this industry had a strong impact on the level of market competiti...

  7. Personality as predictor of customer service centre agent performance in the banking industry: An exploratory study

    Linda Blignaut


    Full Text Available Orientation: Since service quality is an important differentiator in the banking industry, it is essential to select suitable customer service centre staff, particularly those who are responsible for handling queries from clients who hold significant lifetime value in this industry.Research purpose: The aim of the study was to identify personality traits, as measured by the Occupational Personality Questionnaire 32r (item response theory scored version, including the more parsimonious Big Five personality traits, that may act as job performance predictors for customer service centre (CSC agents in the banking industry.Motivation for the study: This study provides an exploratory investigation of whether specific personality traits differ amongst CSC agents in the banking industry, based on their job performance. No published research in this field could be identified.Research design, approach and method: Purposive sampling was used to collect data from the entire CSC agent base of a particular banking group (N = 89. Responses were analysed by means of quantitative techniques.Main findings and practical/managerial implications: Results indicate that parsimonious traits of personality, expressed as the Big Five personality traits, predict job performance. The importance of carefully selecting suitable job performance criteria for a specific environment, however, emerged as a critical issue in performance prediction.Contribution: The study focuses attention on the importance of CSC agents’ performance as frontline staff in the banking industry and identifying valid criteria for selecting the most suitable agents. Providing a one-contact point of service such as a CSC is a fairly new approach in the South African banking industry and this study provides an initial investigation of personality traits that may serve as job performance predictors in this environment.

  8. Competition and diversification in The United States petroleum industry

    Ghosh, A.


    The author analyzes the multifaceted changes that occurred in the U.S. petroleum industry between 1954 and 1982. In this analysis he provides further insight into an industry that is so vital to America's economic growth. He discusses all of the structural transformations within the industry from an analytical perspective. Beginning with the decline of the U.S. multinational oil companies in the world petroleum market, he continues with an assessment of the growth of domestic production and the establishment of numerous firms. He details the increase in mergers and acquisitions and the extent of company diversification in the industry. Finally, he underscores the important implications of the abolition of many of the regulatory directives faced by the industry. He presents more than fifty tables that graphically demonstrate the size and distribution of firms and indices of diversification in the U.S. petroleum industry.

  9. The Competitive status of the U.S. auto industry: a study of the influences of technology in determining international industrial competitive advantage

    Automobile Panel of the Committee on Technology; National Research Council Staff

    ... International Industrial Competitive Advantage Prepared by the Automobile Panel, Committee on Technology and International Economic and Trade Issues of the Office of the Foreign Secretary, National Academy of Engineering and the Commission on Engineering and Technical Systems, National Research Council William J. Abernathy, Chairman Kim Clar...

  10. The Financial Centres of Shanghai and Hong Kong: Competition or Complementarity?

    B. Karreman (Bas); G.A. van der Knaap (Bert)


    textabstractThe contemporary rise of China in the new geo-economy is increasingly pressurising the spatial distribution of financial activity in mainland China and Hong Kong. With the re-emergence of Shanghai, many people foresee the furture demise of Hong Kong as the most important financial centre

  11. The Financial Centres of Shanghai and Hong Kong: Competition or Complementarity?

    B. Karreman (Bas); G.A. van der Knaap (Bert)


    textabstractThe contemporary rise of China in the new geo-economy is increasingly pressurising the spatial distribution of financial activity in mainland China and Hong Kong. With the re-emergence of Shanghai, many people foresee the furture demise of Hong Kong as the most important financial centre

  12. Effects of the use of competitive intelligence in industrial SMEs

    Emilio Placer-Maruri


    Originality/value: This work provides a step forward in measuring the effects generated by Competitive Intelligence in SMEs, making it possible to demonstrate that only case studies have been analyzed. It also incorporates an approach using financial and non-financial variables that can guide future research as well as companies that want to generate their own self-assessment systems.


    Alina Voiculet


    Full Text Available Transnationals' growing importance within world economy has become an extremely controversial topic. Appreciated by some, disapproved by others, these giant firms are certainly reality in nowadays economy and they are the most important economic agents all over the world. Companies of this kind have reached so much expansion that they have somehow lost their national feature. For these firms competition is no longer national, but international, against foreign companies with the same profile, to cover large segments of the global market. Transnationals are fundamental in competition's globalization. Transnational manufacturing has inserted the global competition within national markets, so that many firms are forced to manufacture at the international border of efficiency or get out of business. Transnationals have developed over the last decades, as they have worked on their competitive advantages at international level. These advantages emerge from scale economies, higher management techniques and/or world sales networks. The rapid changes brought about by globalization generate new huge opportunities for those able to find the answers that suit the new conditions, but also imply new risks to those who cannot adapt.

  14. Generic Model of Duopoly Competition in the Automative Industry

    Size, P.; Lawler, K.; Mosekilde, Erik


    The paper considers a variety of dynamical phenomena that can arise from the competition between two car producing companies, competing with respect to the quality of their products. The delay associated with customer's reaction to the perceived car quality allows each subsystem to develop an osc...

  15. The Impact of the Hotel Industry on the Competitiveness of Tourism Destinations in Hungary

    Albert Tóth Attila


    Full Text Available This paper focuses on a complex question from the perspective of the hotel industry. It tries to draw attention to the importance of hotels, enhancing it on the basis of the tourism destination competitiveness models and introducing the role and place of the hotel industry in the most important models. The hotel industry research evaluates the most important tourism destinations of Hungary on the micro-regional level that justifies the importance and contribution of the hotels and accommodations to competitiveness and success of tourism destinations with exact results. As a result of the research, the micro-regional destinations can be ranged within three groups in Hungary. In the first group of the most developed and most competitive tourism destinations, the hotel industry plays a very important role. In these regions, the hotel industry has a significant effect not only on competitiveness of tourism but also on general development of the regions. In the second group, which can be still called tourism destination, tourism and the hotel industry both play a significant role, but only the competitiveness of tourism can be considered good, the effects of the tourism on general development of the region can be proved only to a lesser extent. In the third group, the effects of tourism and the hotel industry can only be experienced to a lesser extent. The majority of these regions are not considered to be attractive tourism destinations for tourists any more.

  16. Assessment of pre-competitive research and development needs for industrial waste minimization

    Young, J.K.; Fassbender, L.L. [Pacific Northwest Lab., Richland, WA (United States); Sen, R.K. [Sen (R.K.) and Associates, Washington, DC (United States)


    This report summarizes the findings of the first phase of a study undertaken to define a role for the Advanced Industrial Concepts (AIC) Division of the Office of Industrial Technologies (OIT) in developing waste minimization technologies for the industrial sector. The report describes the results of an industrial waste characterization based mainly on the US Environmental Protection Agency`s (EPA`s) 1989 Toxics Release Inventory (TRI) database. IN addition, it contains the results of interviews with personnel from trade associations, environmental advocacy groups, federal agencies, and industrial firms regarding pre-competitive research and development needs for industrial waste minimization. Recommendations for future AIC waste minimization activities are provided.

  17. Assessment of pre-competitive research and development needs for industrial waste minimization

    Young, J.K.; Fassbender, L.L. (Pacific Northwest Lab., Richland, WA (United States)); Sen, R.K. (Sen (R.K.) and Associates, Washington, DC (United States))


    This report summarizes the findings of the first phase of a study undertaken to define a role for the Advanced Industrial Concepts (AIC) Division of the Office of Industrial Technologies (OIT) in developing waste minimization technologies for the industrial sector. The report describes the results of an industrial waste characterization based mainly on the US Environmental Protection Agency's (EPA's) 1989 Toxics Release Inventory (TRI) database. IN addition, it contains the results of interviews with personnel from trade associations, environmental advocacy groups, federal agencies, and industrial firms regarding pre-competitive research and development needs for industrial waste minimization. Recommendations for future AIC waste minimization activities are provided.


    Ruth M. Hofmann


    Full Text Available This paper presents a competitive intelligence system developed for the entrepreneurs of the Brazilian woodworking machinery industry. The system, called MaqMad, was designed as a tool to support the enterprise decision-making and gathers information on the competitive and technological environment of the industry. The architecture of the system allows customizing the access to the information available concerning the particularities of each user. Unlike the original conceptions of IC, eminently intra-organizational, MaqMad was structured as an area of inter-organizational cooperation among companies that make up the industry, as well as suppliers and consumers of such equipment. Based on the characterization of technical and institutional aspects, the main limits of the system operation are presented and the possibilities of overcoming them. Keywords: competitive intelligence; MaqMad, woodworking machinery, benchmarking; technology, competitiveness

  19. Struggle for Leadership: The Competitiveness of the EU and US Food Industry

    Poppe, K.J.; Wijnands, J.H.M.; Meulen, van der B.M.J.; Bremmers, H.J.


    Globalization is an important issue in the food industry, although most food is still locally produced and consumed. Many small and medium enterprises characterize the industry. Results of WTO negotiations intensify the international competition, in which the EU and USA are the largest players. Coun

  20. How New York State's agriculture industry is staying competitive

    Richard Deitz; Margaret Cowell


    We examine some of the challenges facing New York's agriculture industry and outline some innovative responses. We distinguish between two types of agriculture: commodities and value-added consumer foods. We show that commodities are a small fraction of the agriculture industry in New York State and are not a growing market segment, while value-added goods are the primary products of New York farms and represent a market segment that is growing significantly. We then briefly discuss important...

  1. Identifying and prioritizing industry-level competitiveness factors: evidence from pharmaceutical market.

    Shabaninejad, Hosein; Mehralian, Gholamhossein; Rashidian, Arash; Baratimarnani, Ahmad; Rasekh, Hamid Reza


    Pharmaceutical industry is knowledge-intensive and highly globalized, in both developed and developing countries. On the other hand, if companies want to survive, they should be able to compete well in both domestic and international markets. The main purpose of this paper is therefore to develop and prioritize key factors affecting companies' competitiveness in pharmaceutical industry. Based on an extensive literature review, a valid and reliable questionnaire was designed, which was later filled up by participants from the industry. To prioritize the key factors, we used the Technique for Order Preference by Similarity to Ideal Solution (TOPSIS). The results revealed that human capital and macro-level policies were two key factors placed at the highest rank in respect of their effects on the competitiveness considering the industry-level in pharmaceutical area. This study provides fundamental evidence for policymakers and managers in pharma context to enable them formulating better polices to be proactively competitive and responsive to the markets' needs.

  2. Competitiveness Analysis of Processing Industry Cluster of Livestock Products in Inner Mongolia Based on "Diamond Model"

    YANG Xing-long; REN Ya-tong


    Using Michael Porter’s "diamond model", based on regional development characteristics, we conduct analysis of the competitiveness of processing industry cluster of livestock products in Inner Mongolia from six aspects (the factor conditions, demand conditions, corporate strategy, structure and competition, related and supporting industries, government and opportunities). And we put forward the following rational recommendations for improving the competitiveness of processing industry cluster of livestock products in Inner Mongolia: (i) The government should increase capital input, focus on supporting processing industry of livestock products, and give play to the guidance and aggregation effect of financial funds; (ii) In terms of enterprises, it is necessary to vigorously develop leading enterprises, to give full play to the cluster effect of the leading enterprises.

  3. On Competitiveness of Agricultural Industrial Clusters in Hubei Province Based on GEM Model

    CHEN De-gang


    Firstly, this paper summarizes concept of the agricultural industrial cluster and GEM model. Then, it analyzes the competitiveness of agricultural industrial clusters in Hubei Province from three aspects, namely, the foundation, enterprises and market. In the aspect of the foundation, Hubei Province has superior geographical location, rich natural resources, abundant human resources, diversified capital sources, and hardware and software facilities. In the aspect of enterprises, agricultural suppliers (farmers) are relatively scattered in Hubei Province, organizational level of relevant enterprises is constantly improved, and structure and strategy of enterprises are constantly innovated. In the aspect of market, the competition of agricultural products is fierce in local market, and it is difficult to explore external market. Finally, it presents countermeasures to improve the competitiveness of agricultural industrial clusters in Hubei Province, including building agricultural industrial park and cultivating key leading enterprises, strengthening innovation management, and increasing financial support.

  4. Research on the Competitiveness of Crediting Rating Industry using PCA Method

    Qi Feng


    Full Text Available Purpose: This study investigates the industry competitiveness problem, which plays an important role in crediting rating industry safety. Based on a comprehensive literature review, we found that there is much room to improve regarding of competitiveness assessment in crediting rating industry. Design/methodology/approach: In this study, we propose the PCA (Principal Component Analysis method to illustrate the problems. Findings: America and Canada’s companies (such as S&P and DBRS take the leading place in credit rating industry, and Japan’ agencies have made great progress in industry competition (such as JCR, while China’ agencies are lagging behind (Such as CCXI. Research limitations/implications: It requires multi-year data for analysis, but the empirical analysis is carried out based on one-year data instead of multi-year data. Practical implications: The research can fill the gaps for credit rating industry safety research. And study findings and feasible suggestions are provided for academics and practitioners. Originality/value: This paper puts forward the competitive indicators of credit rating industry, and indicators of cause and outcome are considered.

  5. Heavy Metals in Suburban Ecosystems of Industrial Centres and Ways of their Reduction

    Onistratenko Nikolay Vladimirovich


    Full Text Available Technogenic contamination of ecosystems is one of the main dangers of our time. In order to reduce the harmful effects of this contamination and to provide cost-effective and environmentally safe food production methods, we are forced to look for ways of reliable analysis of the environmental situation, the selection systems of animal husbandry and regulations for the degree of impact of pollutants on the elements of the agroecosystem. This article presents the results of studies aimed at assessing the plight of the environment of a large industrial centre, and its anthropogenic impacts on every element of the suburban ecosystems. It presents data on maintenance and migration of anthropogenous pollutants in the trophic chains of pasturable ecosystems of the suburb of Volgograd. The authors have listed the industrial enterprises as the key sources of pollution. The features of the distribution of xenobiotics in the tissues and organs of calves and heifers of different breeds were analysed in the study. Conclusions were drawn on the accumulation of heavy metals and arsenic in cattle, and the impact of this factor on the quality of production. A comparative assessment of the resistance of different breeds of cows to the action of toxicants in the environment of the Lower Volga region was carried out. Ways to decrease the impact of pollutants on the cattle organism have also been suggested. The article pays attention to the environmental pollution of the industrial centre, the influence of these processes on all elements of an ecosystem including humans, and offers ways to minimize the damage.

  6. Metabolic engineering of microbial competitive advantage for industrial fermentation processes.

    Shaw, A Joe; Lam, Felix H; Hamilton, Maureen; Consiglio, Andrew; MacEwen, Kyle; Brevnova, Elena E; Greenhagen, Emily; LaTouf, W Greg; South, Colin R; van Dijken, Hans; Stephanopoulos, Gregory


    Microbial contamination is an obstacle to widespread production of advanced biofuels and chemicals. Current practices such as process sterilization or antibiotic dosage carry excess costs or encourage the development of antibiotic resistance. We engineered Escherichia coli to assimilate melamine, a xenobiotic compound containing nitrogen. After adaptive laboratory evolution to improve pathway efficiency, the engineered strain rapidly outcompeted a control strain when melamine was supplied as the nitrogen source. We additionally engineered the yeasts Saccharomyces cerevisiae and Yarrowia lipolytica to assimilate nitrogen from cyanamide and phosphorus from potassium phosphite, and they outcompeted contaminating strains in several low-cost feedstocks. Supplying essential growth nutrients through xenobiotic or ecologically rare chemicals provides microbial competitive advantage with minimal external risks, given that engineered biocatalysts only have improved fitness within the customized fermentation environment.


    Dijana Pletikosa


    Full Text Available Istria is often mentioned as one of the most developed tourist regions of Croatia. In order to recognize its significance in the Croatian and international tourism markets this research compares performance of Istrian hoteliers with those of domestic and foreign competitors. The other purpose of this paper is to assess the impact of domestic and foreign direct investments on the financial results of Istrian hoteliers. Analyse of Istrian hotel companies business performance has been made regarding the origin of invested capital. General findings show that among the best performing hoteliers there are equally domestic and foreign owned companies, as well as among the loss making ones. Contrary to initial expectations this research did not confirm thesis that Istria is highly successful and competitive tourist region. Reasons for that are many, such as seasonality, lack of high class hotels and quality greenfield investments

  8. Measuring Export Competitiveness of Yarn Commodities and Textile Industry of Central Java in World Market

    Hertiana Ikasari


    Full Text Available Yarn commodities and textile industries are the main export commodities of Central Java. Nevertheless, there are still some problems to face. The purpose of this research is to analyze the market share and competitive advantages position of the yarn commodities and the textile industries of Central Java in the world market. The Acceleration Ratio (AR and Trade Specialization Index (TSI are used to analyze the export competitiveness of the yarn commodities and the textile industries. The results obtained indicates that AR of the export of yarn commodities and textile industries of Central Java is greater than 1 (AR> 1. TSI of yarn commodities and textile industries in Central Java is 0.45 and has positive value. These results indicates that Central Java has a strong market share and tends to be a regional exporter of yarn and textile commodities in the world market.

  9. Occupational voice demands and their impact on the call-centre industry

    Duffy OM


    Full Text Available Abstract Background Within the last decade there has been a growth in the call-centre industry in the UK, with a growing awareness of the voice as an important tool for successful communication. Occupational voice problems such as occupational dysphonia, in a business which relies on healthy, effective voice as the primary professional communication tool, may threaten working ability and occupational health and safety of workers. While previous studies of telephone call-agents have reported a range of voice symptoms and functional vocal health problems, there have been no studies investigating the use and impact of vocal performance in the communication industry within the UK. This study aims to address a significant gap in the evidence-base of occupational health and safety research. The objectives of the study are: 1. to investigate the work context and vocal communication demands for call-agents; 2. to evaluate call-agents' vocal health, awareness and performance; and 3. to identify key risks and training needs for employees and employers within call-centres. Methods and design This is an occupational epidemiological study, which plans to recruit call-centres throughout the UK and Ireland. Data collection will consist of three components: 1. interviews with managers from each participating call-centre to assess their communication and training needs; 2. an online biopsychosocial questionnaire will be administered to investigate the work environment and vocal demands of call-agents; and 3. voice acoustic measurements of a random sample of participants using the Multi-dimensional Voice Program (MDVP. Qualitative content analysis from the interviews will identify underlying themes and issues. A multivariate analysis approach will be adopted using Structural Equation Modelling (SEM, to develop voice measurement models in determining the construct validity of potential factors contributing to occupational dysphonia. Quantitative data will be

  10. Petrochemical industries diagnosis concerning competition, quality and productivity programs; Diagnostico de industrias petroquimicas face aos programas de competitividade, produtividade e qualidade

    Souza Antunes, Adelaide Maria de; Chamas, Claudia Ines [Universidade Federal, Rio de Janeiro, RJ (Brazil). Coordenacao dos Programas de Pos-graduacao de Engenharia


    The objective of this study is to evaluate how brazilian petrochemical industries take technological and competitive strategies. New industrial policy emphasizes quality, productivity and competitiveness aspects. The sector company survival depends on fitting to competition patterns. (author) 6 refs.

  11. The Research of International Competitiveness of Textile and Clothing Industry of China%中国纺织服装业国际竞争力研究



    The paper measures international competitiveness of textile and clothing industry of China by using revealed comparative advantage coefficient, analyses the main factors to determine the current competitiveness, and provides some suggestions to keep the competitiveness of the industry of China.

  12. An examination of competition and efficiency for hospital industry in Turkey.

    Özgen Narcı, Hacer; Ozcan, Yasar A; Şahin, İsmet; Tarcan, Menderes; Narcı, Mustafa


    The two particular reforms that have been undertaken under the Health Transformation Program in Turkey are enhancing efficiency and increasing competition. However, there is a lack of information about the relationship between competition and hospital efficiency. The purpose of this paper is to analyze the effect of competition on technical efficiency for the hospital industry in Turkey. The target population included all public and private general hospitals that were open in 2010 in Turkey (n = 1,224). From these, 1,103 hospitals met the selection criteria and were included in the study. Data were obtained from the Turkish Statistical Institute, the Ministry of Health, and through a field survey. Technical efficiency of hospitals was estimated using Data Envelopment Analysis with five outputs and five inputs. The intensity of competition among hospitals was measured by objective and subjective measures. Objective competition was measured using the Hirschman-Herfindahl Index, and subjective competition was measured based on the perceptions of top level hospital managers. Multivariate Tobit regression was used to investigate the relationship between competition and efficiency while controlling the effects of demand and supply characteristics of the market and the hospital traits. Efficiency results showed that 17% of hospitals were technically efficient. Regression analyses portrayed that the degree of competition among general hospitals did not have a statistically significant relationship with hospitals' technical efficiency. To conclude, hospital efficiency in Turkey does not seem to be affected by the intensity of competition among hospitals.

  13. 77 FR 61026 - Olive Oil: Conditions of Competition Between U.S. and Major Foreign Supplier Industries


    ... COMMISSION Olive Oil: Conditions of Competition Between U.S. and Major Foreign Supplier Industries AGENCY...-537, Olive Oil: Conditions of Competition between U.S. and Major Foreign Supplier Industries. DATES... commercial olive oil industry in the United States and major supplier countries, including production of...

  14. Advertising competition in the French free-to-air television broadcasting industry

    Ivaldi, Marc; Zhang, Jiekai


    This paper investigates empirically the advertising competition in the French free TV broadcasting industry in a two-sided framework. We specify a structural model of oligopoly competition of free TVs, and identify the shape and magnitude of the feedback loop between the TV viewers and the advertisers using French market data from March 2008 to December 2013. We contribute to the literature by implementing a simple procedure to test the conduct of TV channels, and identify that the nature of ...

  15. Advertising competition in the French free-to-air television broadcasting industry

    Ivaldi, Marc; Zhang, Jiekai


    This paper investigates empirically the advertising competition in the French free TV broadcasting industry in a two-sided framework. We specify a structural model of oligopoly competition of free TVs, and identify the shape and magnitude of the feedback loop between the TV viewers and the advertisers using French market data from March 2008 to December 2013. We contribute to the literature by implementing a simple procedure to test the conduct of TV channels, and identify that the nature of ...


    Ahmad Adriansyah


    Full Text Available The positive impact of absorptive capacity (ACAP on innovation and the positive impact of innovation on competitive advantage have been proven in different research contexts. However, current knowledge on organizational culture that affects ACAP, innovation and competitive advantage as a whole, remains unclear. This article proposes a model to examine how organizational culture (developmental culture and rational culture affects ACAP, innovation and competitive advantage, directly and indirectly as well. Surveyed data (in Indonesian Banking Industry shows that both of organizational culture have a direct impact on ACAP. Only developmental culture has a direct impact on innovation. There is no culture type affects competitive advantage directly. In this research, culture affects competitive advantage through ACAP and innovation.


    Girneata Adriana


    Full Text Available The aim of the paper is to analyze the competitiveness of the European textile and clothing industry under the influence of globalization and recent economic crisis. The textile and clothing industry is an important part of the European manufacturing industry, playing a vital role in the economy and social welfare in many regions of Europe. The European textile and clothing industry has undergone significant changes in recent decades due to the technological advances, developments in production costs, the emergence major international competitors and the elimination import quotas after 2005. In response to the competitive challenges, this sector of activity has undertaken a lengthy process of restructuring and modernization. Globalization and technological progress have led to rethinking the strategy of the companies in the industry. In a competitive global market, European organizations producing textiles and garments have as main competitive advantage research and continuous innovation. Using methods of qualitative research, this paper analyses the evolution of the main financial indicators concerning this sector of activity in the period 2007 – 2013, including domestic consumption, turnover, number of employees, number of companies, imports and exports. The globalization of markets, international outsourcing and development of the Internet had a major impact on the structure and dynamics of the textile and clothing industry in Europe, and in particular on small and medium enterprises. Also, relocation, subcontracting and outsourcing of large brands in this domain have contributed significantly to the increase of imports from low-cost countries. A growing number of apparel retailers have emerged on the market, organizing supply chains globally. At the same time, producers have transferred part of their activities to low-cost countries in order to maintain market competitiveness. This was determined by the major differences in salaries across

  18. Electricity distribution industry restructuring, electrification, and competition in South Africa

    Galen, P S


    This paper reviews the status of the South African electricity supply industry (ESI) and proposals for reorienting and restructuring it. South Africa has been intensely examining its ESI for more than 4 years in an effort to determine whether and how it should be restructured to best support the country`s new economic development and social upliftment goals. The debate has been spirited and inclusive of most ESI stakeholders. The demands on and expectations for the ESI are many and varied. The debate has reflected this diversity of interests and views. In essence, however, there is a consensus on what is expected of the industry, namely, to extend provision of adequate, reliable, and affordable electricity service to all citizens and segments of the economy. This means a large-scale electrification program to reach as many of the nearly 50% of households currently without electricity service as soon as possible, tariff reform to promote equity and efficiency, and the upgrading of service quality now being provided by some of the newly consolidated municipal authorities. The issues involved are how best to achieve these results within the context of the national Reconstruction and Development Program, while accounting for time and resource constraints and balancing the interests of the various parties.

  19. Competitiveness Comparative Research on Jiaozuo Service Industry Based on Synchronic and Diachronic Data

    XU Jun


    Full Text Available Service industry plays a more and more important role in economic development, it had become an important symbol for the enhancement of one region competitiveness. The paper constructed the Jiaozuo service competitive evaluation model, which used 2004-2011 years sequence data of Jiaozuo and synchronic data of Zhengzhou, Kaifeng, Luoyang, Xinxiang, Jiaozuo five cities, based on the DEA method, designed input index including employees and fixed assets, designed output index including service industry output value and growth rate, then it solved the answer with LINGO8.0 linear programming software. Model could not only evaluate sequence change on development of service industry competitiveness for eight years in Jiaozuo, but also did a horizontal section comparison with Zhengzhou, Kaifeng, Luoyang, Xinxiang four Cities. Model operation results showed that Jiaozuo service industry appeared to be on the mend but unstable situation on the overall effectiveness according to the longitudinal input and output, the horizontal section comparing showed that it had slightly shortage than Zhengzhou, Kaifeng city, it was in a horizontal line with Xinxiang, Luoyang, but the total amount was insufficient, it was totally in accord with the actual situation in Jiaozuo service industry development. Finally, it proposed the countermeasure and suggestion from Jiaozuo important development industries, service industry development policy and talent training.

  20. Analyses of the Competitiveness of Forest Industry in the Republic of Macedonia

    Nenad Savić


    Full Text Available Background and Purpose: This paper gives a thorough picture of the competitiveness characteristics of the Macedonian forest based industry for the period 1993 to 2006, from its independence to present times. The main purpose of this study is to analyze competitiveness of Macedonian forest industry and the factors that influences the creation and development of competitive advantages. Material and Methods: The study is based on theoretical tool of the Porter`s ''diamond'' model of the national competitiveness using four linked factors like: factor conditions, demand factor, firm’s strategy, rivalry and structure and the forth one, related and supported industries. The method used is case study which includes collection of quantitative data, gathered through documentation, archival records, academic literature, publications, journals and websites. Results and Conclusion: The analyzes has shown that the main strengths of Macedonian forest based industry are due to the existence of favorable factor conditions, as a cheap labor and energy cost-compared with region, good geographic location and relatively decent transport infrastructure. Weaknesses come from the lack of infrastructural investments (lack of capital, inappropriate management strategies, outdated machinery, low productivity and low value added products. To achieve better results industry should be organised in a better way and further investments in modern technologies and human resources are necessary.

  1. Problems of resource provision of international competitiveness of domestic industrial enterprises

    Yokhna Mykola A.


    Full Text Available The goal of the article is the study of problems of resource provision of international competitiveness of domestic industrial enterprises and identification of main ways of their solution. Generalising views of modern scientists on sources of competitive advantages of industrial enterprises the article makes an assumption that technological factors play the determining role in strengthening international competitiveness of domestic industrial enterprises. They, along with the intellectual ones, belong to the category of specific resources, availability of which provides an enterprise with sustainability of competitive advantages – both in ensuring high standards of production and in expanding possibilities of development of products in accordance with requirements of customers in the world markets. The article analyses dynamics and structure of innovation expenditures in the Ukrainian industry o, on the basis of which it makes a conclusion that they do not correspond with the tasks of technological development of enterprises. It states that one of the main reasons of the lack of correspondence is insufficient financial provision of processes of technological renovation, which makes it impossible to create and acquire of the most progressive technologies. It shows that the state should play an important role in financial support of processes of technological development of industrial enterprises through institutional instruments and regulators. The prospects of further studies in this direction is assessment of effectiveness of existing institutional regulators of innovation and investment processes and formation of recommendations on their improvement and development.

  2. A dynamic approach to assess international competitiveness of Vietnam's garment and textile industry.

    Vu, Huong Thanh; Pham, Lam Cat


    Garment and textile (G&T) industry has been playing as a driving force for the socio-economic development of Vietnam. With the international integration process and rising challenges from the global market, there is a need to examine international competitiveness of Vietnam's G&T industry to find out what Vietnam should focus on to enhance its position in the global market place. This paper, by using the Generalized Double Diamond Model (GDDM), analyzed international competitiveness of Vietnam's G&T industry and compared it with China. The results showed that Vietnam was less competitive than China in all four attributes of the GDDM. The lowest competitiveness of Vietnam in comparison with China was Related and Supporting industries, followed by Factor Conditions. Therefore, the paper argued that although Vietnam should improve all of the four attributes in the long term, Vietnam must put a high priority on developing Related and Supporting Industries and then enhance Factor Conditions while maintaining its strengths over China in terms of G&T export growths and favorable business context.

  3. The Construction and Competitiveness of Operation Model of Agricultural Industrial Cluster


    Through reviewing the viewpoints of former scholars, the connotation and features of supply chain of agricultural industrial cluster are introduced. The agricultural industrial cluster model constituted by core network and supporting network is constructed. Three operation models of this kind of supply chain is described: the model takes wholesale market of agricultural products as the core; the model take pillar industries of agricultural industrialization as core; model takes the chains of retail enterprises as core. The competitiveness of agricultural industrial cluster is researched. The research assumes that the competiveness of supply chain of agricultural industrial cluster is mainly represented to make the agricultural industrial cluster to acquire more capabilities in terms of innovation and knowledge sharing capability, resource allocation capability, agile market adaptability and distinct value creation capability.

  4. Discussion on Industry Chain Financing Promoting International Competitiveness of China’s Agriculture

    Tuo; LI; Tingting; CHANG


    Industry chain financing,also known as supply chain financing,is a kind of financial innovation in production and transaction emerging from the 1990 s. Recent years,industry chain financing has gradually permeated in agriculture. As one of the major agricultural countries in the world,China should still make great endeavor in satisfying domestic requirement of agricultural products and improving international competitiveness. Based on the empirical and feasible analysis of agricultural industry chain financing,this article emphasizes on the new mode of industry chain financing and puts forward some related policy suggestions to discuss how to quicken agricultural development with financial support as well as promote international competitiveness of China’s agriculture.

  5. An industry analysis of the MBA market and the competitive positioning of the GSBPP

    Hager, Garrett W.; King, Thomas T.


    MBA Professional Report The purpose of this Master of Business Administration (MBA) project is to perform an industry analysis of the MBA market utilizing the principles of industry analysis noted in Michael Porter's "Five Force Analysis" model. The intent of this project is to create an awareness of how these competitive forces shape the MBA market, define the relationships between stakeholders within the marlet, and affect its overall attractiveness of the MBA market. The goal is to pr...


    A.V. Kozlov


    Full Text Available The industrial cooperation of Russia in the field of motor industry with quickly developing Asian countries with a view of increase of competitiveness of the country in the world market of cars is considered in clause. The output of Sverdlovsk region on the markets of cars of the developed countries by means of creation of joint ventures with motor-car manufacturers of the Peoples Republic of China on an example of JSC "Cars and motors of Ural " is offered.

  7. Capitalist collective action: competition, cooperation and conflict in the coal industry

    John R. Bowman [City University of New York, New York, NY (USA). Queens College


    This volume presents a theory of capitalist collective action and a case study of the pre-World War II American coal industry to which the theory is applied. The author examines the irony of capitalist firms that do not want to compete with each other, but often cannot avoid doing so. He then explains under what conditions businesses would be able to organize their competition and identifies the economic and political factors that facilitate or inhibit this organization. The case study not only illustrates the theory, but demonstrates how the competitive relations of capitalist firms are critically important determinants of their political behavior. The author argues that the traditional Marxist concern with conflict between workers and capitalists should be supplemented with a concern for the competitive conflicts among capitalists. Contents are: 1: 1. Economic competition and market organization: the logic of capitalist collective action; 2. Forms of capitalist collective action; Part II: 3. Price and wage games in the bituminous coal industry; 4. Workers organize capitalists: collective bargaining and market organization, 1880-1914; 5. The coal industry on the defensive, 1916-1922; 6. Labor-capital conflict and the disorganization of the coal market, 1921-1928; 7. From free competition to state intervention; Part III: 8. Capitalists, workers, and the state; Bibliography; Indexes. This text was originally published in 1989 in hardback (ISBN 0-521-36265-2).


    GHERGHEL Sabina


    Full Text Available The term “agility” - agile enterprise - was introduced by a group of American researchers led by R.Dove as a result of some studies in a program sponsored by the US government, a program that primarily aimed at exploring the possibilities of making up production systems which could compete with the efficient production system "lean", introduced in most Japanese companies. Researchers involved in this program have formed Agility Forum, which aims to develop the concepts introduced. In 2001 appears the first paper, by R. Dove, entitled “Response Ability - Understanding the Agile Enterprise”, John Wiley and Sons Editors, in which was synthesized the phase of research field. Agility can be defined as “the ability with which an organization manages to develop successfully in a business environment whose changes are unpredictable.” Being agile means to control change, to notice market opportunities and by being continuously innovating, to succed on the market. The purpose of this paper is to support the idea that agility is a feature derived from the design and also to show that by applying the principles of RRS, which characterize agile systems, it is confirmed the fact that any industrial production system which wishes to be agile it should be designed.

  9. The Changing Structure of Retail Industry: Case Studies on Competitive Advantage of Small Companies in Croatia

    Blaženka Knežević


    Full Text Available Objective: There are two key trends in retail industry since 1990s till nowadays: rapid internationalization and intensive retail concentration. In such a dynamic environment, small companies are striving to preserve their markets and to maintain their business activity. The objectives of the paper are twofold: (1 to explain trends of retail internationalization and concentration and (2 to highlight the possibilities for improving the competitive ability of small retailers. Research Design & Methods: The paper is based on analysis of secondary data available in research papers, studies and official statistics. Firstly, the consequences of retail internationalization and concentration are described. Then, the literature on competitive advantage creation is systemized. In addition, the case study method is used to illustrate successful strategies of competitive advantage creation. Findings:  In a changed retail market, small retailers seek the way to improve their competitiveness. As suitable competitiveness strategies, authors describe: (1 retail alliances and (2 differentiation by assortment. Implications & Recommendations: The key trends and their impact on small companies in retail industry are scrutinized. Recommendations to small retailers how to adjust to new market conditions, together with some practical examples, are given. Contribution & Value Added: The paper gives an insight into dynamics of changes in retail structure. Retail alliances and differentiation by assortment are described as two key streams of competitiveness improvement suitable for small retailers.

  10. Technical edge for competitive advantage by patenting: A study of Indian semiconductor industry

    Surabhi Jain, Prof. A.K. Saini, Prof. R.K. Verma


    Full Text Available Every successful organization is a masterpiece of some brilliant minds and skills of knowledge workers. This can be seen in the fields like Pharmaceuticals, IT, Telecom, Electronics, Electricals Bio-technology, etc. They all emphasized on newer and competitive innovations resulting into patents for upliftment of their enterprises. This paper also tries to explain one such aspect of semiconductor industry. This paper establishes a relationship of patenting with competitive edge in the global market. The study is based on theanalysis of selected 20 Indian semiconductor product manufacturing companies. On the basis of the results from data collected, it has been observed that the firms with more inclination towards technical edge through newer innovations are leading a competitive and comfortable advantage in global market. This added advantage happened due to increase in the number of patents by the companies. This result is supported by almost all the sample companies whether from telecom or electronic industry.

  11. Performance of the life insurance industry under pressure: efficiency, competition and consolidation

    Bikker, J.A.|info:eu-repo/dai/nl/06912261X


    A well-performing life insurance industry benefits consumers, producers and insurance firm stockholders alike. Unfavourable market conditions stress the need for life insurers to perform well in order to remain solvent. Using a unique supervisory data set, this paper investigates competition and

  12. Statistical, ecosystems and competitiveness analysis of the media and content industries : A quantitative overview

    Simon, J.P.; Leurdijk, A.G.D.; Munck, S.G.E. de; Broek, T.A. van den; Plas, A.P. van der; Manshanden, W.J.J.; Rietveld, E.


    This report offers an in-depth analysis of the major economic developments in the music industry. It looks at music companies, and covers the production and distribution of recorded music, including online distribution, and the competition which these companies face from other online music providers

  13. Performance of the life insurance industry under pressure: efficiency, competition and consolidation

    Bikker, J.A.


    A well-performing life insurance industry benefits consumers, producers and insurance firm stockholders alike. Unfavourable market conditions stress the need for life insurers to perform well in order to remain solvent. Using a unique supervisory data set, this paper investigates competition and eff

  14. A comparison of the auto industry competition edge between India and China


    <正>Both India and China have been viewed as the mostpotential countries in the 21st century.Up to now,thetwo governments have set up the auto industry as apillar to lead their national economies.There havebeen disputes on the competition edge of the auto

  15. M-l Swaco opens industry's only dedicated CRI training centre

    Robertson, John; Wilkinson, Tony; Minton, Reg


    Recognising the growing attraction of cuttings re-injection (CRI) as a viable drilling waste management option in the North Sea and other zero discharge environments, M-I Swaco has officially unveiled the industry's only dedicated CRI training center in Aberdeen. Located in Aliens Industrial Estate, the all-inclusive facility includes two training rooms, two project specific CRI training simulators, one CRI full-scale slurrification system, one Cleancut cuttings collection and transport system, a vacuum cuttings collection system and a 518 Centrifuge. The center, which can accommodate up to 12 students at one time, is fully equipped to deliver both theoretical and practical hands-on training in all aspects of the CRI process. Training at the center is competency-based and follows ISO 9001 and ISO 10015 requirements. The training centre is a natural extension of the newly established M-I Swaco CRI Assurance Program, or CAP the core of which is a geomechanics team organised to provide integrated CRI services that include engineering, monitoring and assurance capabilities for operators worldwide.

  16. Transition from monopoly to competition in telecommunications: lessons for the interstate gas industry


    A comparison between the new competitive pressures on the interstate natural gas pipeline industry with those which led to the breakup of the telecommunications industry concludes that the pipeline industry could not survive the same level of structural change because it is not experiencing the same level of growth. Regulatory reform, however will be of more benefit to the gas industry in setting better rate design and in including pipeline companies in state pricing decisions. Both industries are benefiting from new business opportunities as a result of partial deregulation. The study examines both the parallels and the contrasts in regulatory treatment for the two industries, and finds several parallel policy issues (bundling, preferential pricing, local by-pass, and treatment of affiliates) which require different treatment. 10 tables.

  17. Industry regulation, competition, and the dynamics of productivity growth: evidence from China’s iron and steel industry

    Jianbai Huang


    Full Text Available This study aims to investigate the characteristics of the efficient evolution of China’s iron and steel industry against the backdrop of limited openness and regulation and to discuss the important effects of regulatory policy and total factor productivity (TFP of China’s iron and steel industry. The method adopted the Cobb–Douglas production function combined with a semi-parametric method to decompose productivity. This study based on the micro-level dataset of iron and steel enterprises in the database of China’s industrial enterprises between 1998 and 2007 that investigated the intrinsic correlation among corporate entry and exit, market competition of existing enterprises, and TFP growth in the iron and steel industry. The results of the research show that the entry-exit would promote the growth of the aggregate productivity, while the low efficiency of resource allocation would significantly inhibit the TFP growth. The basic conclusion is that, with substantial government intervention in enterprise investments, market competition may not promote optimal resource allocation efficiency in China’s iron and steel industry, but make the allocation less efficient.

  18. Dynamical Competition of IC-Industry Clustering from Taiwan to China

    Tsai, Bi-Huei; Tsai, Kuo-Hui


    Most studies employ qualitative approach to explore the industrial clusters; however, few research has objectively quantified the evolutions of industry clustering. The purpose of this paper is to quantitatively analyze clustering among IC design, IC manufacturing as well as IC packaging and testing industries by using the foreign direct investment (FDI) data. The Lotka-Volterra system equations are first adopted here to capture the competition or cooperation among such three industries, thus explaining their clustering inclinations. The results indicate that the evolution of FDI into China for IC design industry significantly inspire the subsequent FDI of IC manufacturing as well as IC packaging and testing industries. Since IC design industry lie in the upstream stage of IC production, the middle-stream IC manufacturing and downstream IC packing and testing enterprises tend to cluster together with IC design firms, in order to sustain a steady business. Finally, Taiwan IC industry's FDI amount into China is predicted to cumulatively increase, which supports the industrial clustering tendency for Taiwan IC industry. Particularly, the FDI prediction of Lotka-Volterra model performs superior to that of the conventional Bass model after the forecast accuracy of these two models are compared. The prediction ability is dramatically improved as the industrial mutualism among each IC production stage is taken into account.




    Full Text Available The history of creation and development of the Institute of ferrous metallurgy of the Ukrainian Academy of Sciences named after Z. I. Nekrasov is regarded in the article. IFM has become the scientific centre of the development of the metallurgical industry of Ukraine. Researches of the outstanding scientists show their significant contribution in the development of the metallurgical science and implementation of their achievements in the production of the metallurgical industry of Ukraine. Analysis of publications. History of the Institute of the ferrous metallurgy is regarded in the fundamental works devoted to the development of the metallurgical industry in Ukraine and in the works published to the jubilee dates of the prominent scientists academicians Z. I. Nekrasov, V. I. Bol’shakov and others. The purpose of the article is to analyze the process of the creation of the Institute and the stages of its development in the 20th and 21st centuries and to define the influence of the economic and political situation in the country upon this process? To regard the role of the outstanding scientists and influence of their achievements on the development of the metallurgical industry of Ukraine. The history of IFM began in 1939 when it was organized in Kharkiv as a part of the Academy of Sciences of Ukraine. At the beginning of the Great Patriotic war the Institute was moved to Ufa – the capital of Bashkiria. During the war the scientists of the Institute tried to increase the output of metal and special steels for the defence industry. In 1943 the Institute moved to Moscow and then to Kiev. In 1952 it was decided to move the Institute to Dnepropetrovsk. In order to combine the scientific researches and production of metal. Z. I. Nekrasov was elected Director of the Institute. The departments of the Indtitute were headed by academicians Z. I. Nekrasov, A. P. Chekmariov, K. F. Starodubov, Correspondence Members of the Ukrainian Academy of Sciences


    Mihaela Ionescu SAS


    Full Text Available In this paper the author analyzes the dependence between energy and industrial competitiveness before and after the 2008 economic crisis in the European Union. The Europe 2020 strategy aims energy major industrial competitiveness and increasing energy efficiency. But the economic crisis of 2008 led to reduced energy consumption and prices have increased considerably, so prices in the European Union in the energy industry are estimated to be twice higher than in the United States and Russia and 20% higher than those in China. According to the 2020 European Strategy for Sustainable Growth proposed increasing share of renewables to 20% increasing 20% energy efficiency and 20% reduction of greenhouse gas emissions greenhouse (or even 30 %, in favorable conditions compared to 1990. The economic analysis in this paper are based on statistical quantitative method. Indicators used in this analysis are available on major platforms Eurostat data.

  1. Exploring the Fitness Centre Industry in Malaysia; What Factors Influence Joining and Retention and Prevents People from Joining

    Smith, Helen B


    Malaysia’s fitness centre industry has seen rapid growth over the last 6 years with the opening of more than 25 international chain outlets of which the majority is owned by California Fitness, Celebrity Fitness, Fitness First and True Fitness. An increasing population and year on year GDP growth, together with the support of the Malaysian government, contribute to further the growth of the industry. The purpose of the study is to explore, investigate and reveal information about the growth a...

  2. Social Networks and Industry Competitiveness: The Case of Liliw Footwear Industry

    Dr. Juvy G. Mojares


    One of the effects of trade liberalization is the reduction of tariff rates for the manufacturing sector. Aldaba (2012) found that trade liberalization has increased the likelihood of firms exiting the manufacturing industry. Unless domestic firms face economies of scale, they will not be able to cope to the adverse effects of trade liberalization. The footwear industry is an example. It has been reported that the footwear industry in Marikina, known as the Shoe Capital of the Phi...

  3. Centre for Industrial Application of CT scanning (CIA-CT) – Four years of results 2009-2013

    De Chiffre, Leonardo; Andreasen, Jan Lasson; Christensen, Lars Bager;

    as a centre of excellence for industrial CT scanning, both nationally and internationally. A network with approx. 40 participants has been established, and a total of 22 students have been educated. Dissemination activities have encompassed: a web page , 8 newsletters, 4 topical...

  4. When Triple Helix Unravels: A Multi-Case Analysis of Failures in Industry-University Cooperative Research Centres

    Gray, Denis; Sundstrom, Eric; Tornatzky, Louis G.; McGowen, Lindsey


    Cooperative research centres (CRCs) increasingly foster Triple Helix (industry-university-government) collaboration and represent significant vehicles for cooperation across sectors, the promotion of knowledge and technology transfer and ultimately the acceleration of innovation. A growing social science literature on CRCs focuses on their…

  5. Study on the Development of Industry of Internet of Things Based on Competitive GEM Model in Fujian Province

    Di Jun An


    Full Text Available Firstly, the basic theories of internet of things, competitive GEM model and industrial development in Fujian Province were studied in this paper. Then, the factors influencing the cultivation of industrial competitiveness of the internet of things was observed and finally the suggestions on enhancing the competitiveness of internet of things and strengthening the cultivation of talents of internet of things were put forward.

  6. Competition.

    Chambers, D W


    Our ambivalence toward competition can be traced to an unspoken preference for certain types of competition which give us an advantage over the types we value less. Four types are defined (a) pure (same rules, same objectives), (b) collaborative (same rules, shared objective), (c) market share (different rules, same objectives), and (d) market growth (different rules, value added orientation). The defining characteristics of the four types of competition are respectively: needing a referee, arguing over the spoils, differentiation and substitutability, and customer focus. Dentistry has features of all four types of competition, thus making it difficult to have a meaningful discussion or frame a coherent policy on this topic.

  7. The Analysis Of Factors Affect The Quality Of Competitive Strategy In Industry SME For Embroidery At Padang City

    dahliana kamener dahlia


    Full Text Available The study aimed to analyze the quality factors of competitive strategy on SME for Industrial embroidery in Padang city. With this research is expected to provide benefits to the industry, especially SMEs Industrial embroidery to be able to improve and consider the factors that can affect the quality of competitive strategy in this industry, which the factors influenced such as Quality Strategic Asset, Environment Adabtability and price strategic to the Quality Strategic Competition. The populations of this study were SME industry for the embroidery product in the city of Padang and used census sampling. Data retrieved from the primary data by spreading questionnaires and the measurement by using a Likert scale. Methods of analysis by using descriptive analysis, multiple regression analysis to test the hyphotheses. The result showed that the quality of asset strategik was postively significant effect the Quality Strategic Competition, and enviromental adaptability and price strategy have positively not significant effect on the Quality Strategic Competition.

  8. FDI and firm level export competitiveness in the Indian machinery industry


    The paper examines the effect of FDI on firm-level export competitiveness by comparing the export behaviour of foreign controlled and domestic firms in Indian machinery industry. It defines the firm-level export competitiveness involving two aspects of export behaviour: i) the export itself or a firm’s decision to export and ii) the exporting firm’s decision on the portion of output to export (export intensity). Findings of the study reveals that the foreign controlled firms have greater like...

  9. Advantage Management Strategy in Competition via Technological Race Perspective: Empirical Evidence from the Taiwanese Manufacturing Industry

    Tsu-Yi Hung


    Full Text Available This study investigated the advantage management strategies of a firm regarding the technological race in the manufacturing sector. This is to reveal whether firms adopt a catch-up or leapfrogging strategy in the competition for innovation. The results show that competition is fierce in the Taiwanese manufacturing industry. Taiwanese manufacturing firms (mostly SMEs tend to adopt the “catch-up” strategy to keep up with their competitors in order to remain in the technological race. The result indicates that, under financial constraints, Taiwanese manufacturing firms attempt to invest in R&D to catch up with their rivals or to avoid being eliminated from the race.

  10. Advantage management strategy in competition via technological race perspective: empirical evidence from the Taiwanese manufacturing industry.

    Hung, Tsu-Yi; Hsiao, Yu-Ju; Wu, Shih-Wei


    This study investigated the advantage management strategies of a firm regarding the technological race in the manufacturing sector. This is to reveal whether firms adopt a catch-up or leapfrogging strategy in the competition for innovation. The results show that competition is fierce in the Taiwanese manufacturing industry. Taiwanese manufacturing firms (mostly SMEs) tend to adopt the "catch-up" strategy to keep up with their competitors in order to remain in the technological race. The result indicates that, under financial constraints, Taiwanese manufacturing firms attempt to invest in R&D to catch up with their rivals or to avoid being eliminated from the race.


    D.A. Tatarkin


    Full Text Available In the article problems of increase of competitiveness of industrially advanced regions are considered on the basis of optimization of system of differentiation of tax powers and tax incomes, stimulating authorities of different levels to develop own tax potential, to form economic sources for self-development and to carry out a responsible financial policy in interests of the population. The basic background of research became the ground of an opportunity to transfer the principles of a competition on mutual relations of authorities of a various level, thus determining economic advantages of decentralization control system of territory development.

  12. Technological Competitiveness of Ukraine under Conditions of a New Industrial Revolution and Development of Convergent Technologies

    Matyushenko Igor Yu.


    Full Text Available The article considers the problem of increasing the technological competitiveness of Ukrainian enterprises under conditions of a new industrial revolution through the development and introduction of advanced converged technologies. The classification of industrial revolutions, namely, industrial, technological, information and Industry 4.0, is presented, and it has been determined that the key factor of the latter is cyber physical systems for introduction of the client-oriented “Internet of Things”. It has been justified that the formation of Industry 4.0 in developed countries will occur through advanced production technologies (APT, which main characteristics are technological substitution, automation, customization, localization and economic efficiency. It has been found that in 2020 the main priority APT will be: systems of production process control; multidimensional modeling of complex products; intelligent production systems and robotics; systems of creation and transformation (growing of material objects and 3D-printing; materials effective in creating perspective actuating devices (compositional and those that exhibit their properties in small-size structures. It has been proved that the recovery of Ukraine’s industry is not possible on the old industrial base, and the creation of a new industry based on APT of Industry 4.0 is possible in the following areas: ICT (primarily in the field of software development; new composite materials with specified properties; industrial nanobiotechnologies (biomedicine and pharmacy, new agricultural technologies; mathematical modeling for creation of intelligent production systems; space research and development (in particular, development of the first stages of heavy missiles. The necessity of elaborating state programs of competitiveness development on the basis of APT, foresight research oftechnology priorities, promoting high-tech exports in Ukraine has been substantiated.

  13. Development of an industrial complex for ensuring national competitiveness and economic security

    A. V. Kalach


    Full Text Available Living standards depends on the state of the country’s industrial complex. In a message to Russian President Vladimir Putin's Federal Assembly was asked to implement in 2015 a national technological initiative, the development of industries of the new technological order. As a result of the predominance of the industry of the sixth technological order should occur major changes in the structure of production factors and significance. It follows the inevitability of structural changes in the system of economic institutions and mechanisms of economic security and competitiveness of the state achieve the main goal of the state program “The development of industry and increase its competitiveness” is carried out through the following the directions of sub-programs: investment goods (chemical complex development composite materials, industrial biotechnology, power engineering, machine tool industry, agricultural machinery, machinery specialized production, transport engineering; goods (light industry, children;s products industry, the automotive industry; military-industrial complex; infrastructure (development of engineering activities, industrial parks; semi-finished goods and materials (timber industry, metallurgy, industrial development of rare-earth metals. At the current pace of technological and economic development, the 6 th technological structure will come into proliferation phase in 2010–2020, and in the phase of maturity – 40-ies of XXI century. At the same time in 2020–2025 there will be a new scientific-technical and technological revolution, which will become the basis for developing, synthesizing advances in the above basic technologies. In this paper, we proposed as a tool to ensure the economic security of the state to use the acceleration system of technical development of the industrial complex.

  14. The importance of industrial property rights, legal monopolies for fair competition; La importancia de los derechos de propiedad industrial. Monopolios legales para una competneica leal

    Hernandez Rodriguez, J. A.


    Industrial property rights are an exception, perhaps the main, for freedom competition and entrepreneurial freedom. Those rights give the holder an exclusive right, and the existence of these legal monopolies is essential for the development of fair competition. Industrial property rights are national and, therefore, to obtain registration and exclusive rights in several countries, they must register on each of them. However, in recent years are emerging industrial property rights with impact on a number of countries (Community marks and designs). (Author)


    Zakiyah Z.


    Full Text Available The objectives of the study were to describe position of traditionally woven sarong creative industry in Donggala in business competition based on both internal aspects (strength and weakness and external ones (opportunity and threats, and role of resource-based entrepreneurship development to improve competitiveness of the traditionally woven sarong creative industry in Donggala. In order to meet the objectives, the study used SWOT and Moderating Regression Analysis (MRA. The findings showed that the strength of the Donggala woven sarong industry was the sarong had indigenous Central Sulawesi pattern, it was part of the rural society and was traditionally made. The weaknesses were the sarong pattern and design had yet been touched by modern technology, its color faded away easily during laundry and it was only sold in the local areas. The opportunities were the sarong may become alternative souvenir from Central Sulawesi and development of creative economy was widely discussed recently. The threat was there were various types and patterns of sarong in the market; and entrepreneurship was moderating variables between resource-based strategy and competitiveness of Donggala woven sarong creative industry; the level of significance was 0.001 and the R-Square was 0.803.

  16. Competition

    F. Bridoux


    Competition traditionally refers to the actions that firms take in a product market to outperform rivals in attracting customers and generating revenues. Yet, competition extends beyond product markets to other arenas such as factor markets, where firms compete for resources, and the political arena

  17. The competitive status of the U.S. fibers, textiles and apparel complex: a study of the influences of technology in determining international industrial competitive advantage

    Committee on Technology and International Economic and Trade Issues


    ... of the Influences of Technology in Determining International Industrial Competitive Advantage Prepared by the Fibers, Textiles, and Apparel Industry Panel, Committee on Technology and International Economic and Trade Issues of the Office of the Foreign Secretary, National Academy of Engineering and the Commission on Engineering and Technical...

  18. Use of design as competitive advantage in the furniture industry at Santa Maria/RS

    Leoni Pentiado Godoy


    Full Text Available This article shows the contribution of innovative and proactive professional design to increase the competitiveness of the supply chain sector. Thus, the question that motivates the study were: how the design as a strategy, aligned to quality, can act as a competitive to micro and small enterprise in the furniture sector? The study conducted individual interviews with furniture industry managers and used questionnaires to furniture consumers in Santa Maria, located in the center of Rio Grande do Sul State. The research has shown that the search for mechanisms that create competition between companies is increasingly intense and the race for innovative methods to achieve efficiency has great importance. The design adds value to product in terms of aesthetics, ergonomics, comfort and functionality, besides being a very important element in the rationalization of production

  19. Corporate Social Responsibility and Competitiveness within SMEs of the Fashion Industry: Evidence from Italy and France

    Massimo Battaglia


    Full Text Available Our paper analyses the link between the adoption of corporate social responsibility (CSR and competitiveness performance among small and medium enterprises operating in the fashion industry. The study refers to a sample of 213 SMEs (Small and Medium sized Enterprises located in Italy and France and is based on a correlation analysis between competitiveness variables and the CSR practice adopted. The results show a significant correlation with regard to the innovation process, both from the technical and the organizational point of view, and the intangible performances. On the other hand, another competitiveness macro-category, which is the market performance (measured as demand trend, turnover and business attraction, presents deceptive results, although a positive correlation with the adoption of market-oriented CSR practice emerges. The study is explorative and represents a relevant basis to future studies concerning the nature of the emerged co-relations.

  20. Learning without experience: Understanding the strategic implications of deregulation and competition in the electricity industry

    Lomi, A. [School of Economics, University of Bologna, Bologna (Italy); Larsen, E.R. [Dept. of Managements Systems and Information, City University Business School, London (United Kingdom)


    As deregulation of the electricity industry continues to gain momentum around the world, electricity companies face unprecedented challenges. Competitive complexity and intensity will increase substantially as deregulated companies find themselves competing in new industries, with new rules, against unfamiliar competitors - and without any history to learn from. We describe the different kinds of strategic issues that newly deregulated utility companies are facing, and the risks that strategic issues implicate. We identify a number of problems induced by experiential learning under conditions of competence-destroying change, and we illustrate ways in which companies can activate history-independent learning processes. We suggest that Micro worlds - a new generation of computer-based learning environments made possible by conceptual and technological progress in the fields of system dynamics and systems thinking - are particularly appropriate tools to accelerate and enhance organizational and managerial learning under conditions of increased competitive complexity. (au)

  1. Profit maximization, industry structure, and competition: A critique of neoclassical theory

    Keen, Steve; Standish, Russell


    Neoclassical economics has two theories of competition between profit-maximizing firms-Marshallian and Cournot-Nash-that start from different premises about the degree of strategic interaction between firms, yet reach the same result, that market price falls as the number of firms in an industry increases. The Marshallian argument is strictly false. We integrate the different premises, and establish that the optimal level of strategic interaction between competing firms is zero. Simulations support our analysis and reveal intriguing emergent behaviors.

  2. Innovation of the dairy industry as a means of increasing competitiveness in the market

    Т.V. Bozhydarnik


    Full Text Available The publication reveals the problem of increasing the competitiveness of dairy products, through innovative activities of enterprises that can provide development, development of new products, ensure high quality and cost benefits, to form necessary conditions for promotion to foreign markets. Therefore the problem of innovation is extremely relevant for the considered industry. A condition of the milk market, the problem of the milk business and suggested the main directions of development.

  3. Seeking competitive advantage in an emergent open economy: foreign direct investment in Chinese industry

    I Eng; Lin, Y


    In this paper we explore how foreign investors penetrate China's reforming economy and seek to build a competitive edge for their operations in local and international markets. Basing our study on a comparative analysis of the locational, sectoral, and organizational characteristics and performance variation of industrial firms invested by overseas Chinese and other foreign capital, we posit that effective manipulation of state action holds a key to the economic success of foreign-invested fi...

  4. Effect of multiple-source entry on price competition after patent expiration in the pharmaceutical industry.

    Suh, D.C.; Manning, W G; Schondelmeyer, S; Hadsall, R S


    OBJECTIVE: To analyze the effect of multiple-source drug entry on price competition after patent expiration in the pharmaceutical industry. DATA SOURCES: Originators and their multiple-source drugs selected from the 35 chemical entities whose patents expired from 1984 through 1987. Data were obtained from various primary and secondary sources for the patents' expiration dates, sales volume and units sold, and characteristics of drugs in the sample markets. STUDY DESIGN: The study was designed...

  5. Seeking competitive advantage in an emergent open economy: foreign direct investment in Chinese industry

    I Eng; Lin, Y


    In this paper we explore how foreign investors penetrate China's reforming economy and seek to build a competitive edge for their operations in local and international markets. Basing our study on a comparative analysis of the locational, sectoral, and organizational characteristics and performance variation of industrial firms invested by overseas Chinese and other foreign capital, we posit that effective manipulation of state action holds a key to the economic success of foreign-invested fi...

  6. Knowledge management as a sustainable competitive advantage in the steel industry / Pieter Conradie

    Conradie, Pieter Jacobus


    The aim of this study is to conduct a thorough theoretical study on the relevant aspects involved in knowledge management and organisational learning, and to assess the maturity level of knowledge management within the South African steel industry. Various aspects of knowledge, knowledge management and organisational learning with specific relation to sustainable competitive advantage are discussed in the literature study. During the literature research several factors which...

  7. A comparative Study of manufacturing industrial Competitiveness in eastern coastal provinces and cities of China based on shift-share analysis model

    Yuan Aizhi


    Manufacturing industry is an important symbol which weighs a local economy comprehensive strength and modernized level, and a mighty manufacturing industry is a reliable guarantee which realizes the industry modernization.The manufacturing industry in eastern coastal provinces and cities of China, including Shandong, Jiangsu Zhejiang, Shanghai and Guangdong, holds a quite high proportion, and is competitive.But as to the interior, the manufacturing industry competitiveness of five provinces and cities actually has obviously gradient difference.The concrete profession's competitiveness also has the characteristic respectively.This paper analyzes the competitiveness of manufacturing industry in five provinces and cities by the shift-share analysis, obtains a conclusion that Shandong and Zhejiang have the competitive advantage in the traditional manufacturing industry, that Jiangsu's and Guangdong's competitiveness lies in capital, technology-intensive industry, but that Shanghai manufacturing industry's competitive advantage is not obvious, and then proposes strategy to promote the manufacturing industry in the eastern coastal provinces and cities.

  8. Industrial Property and global competitiveness in historical perspective; Propiedad industrial y competitividad global en perspectiva historica

    Saiz, P.


    The ability to compete globally changes over time. The processes of technological innovation and education largely determine economic growth and international competitiveness. The development and evolution of Intellectual Property Rights in the long term have been essential for the management of R and D and of creative and innovative competence's in several countries. Thus, economic and technological history becomes an essential tool for analysts and political economists. And the historical archive of the Spanish Patents and Trademarks Office turns out to be a laboratory of the past for thinking on the future. (Author) 48 refs.

  9. Competition



    <正> The term competition reminds me of asoul-stirring fight between a mother monkeyand a crocodile,The crocodile caught her babywhen the baby was drinking water in a pool,Inthe end,the mother got her baby,but herbaby’s body only,She lost her child forever,just for a mouthful of water.Such is competition,cruel and merciless,But if we see the other side of the coin,we’ll

  10. Relation Between Sustainability‑Related Communication and Competitiveness in the Chemical Industry

    Jaroslava Hyršlová


    Full Text Available Interests of companies in the sustainability‑related communication have risen considerably in recent years. This paper focuses on the current state of sustainability‑related reporting in chemical industry companies registered in the Association of Chemical Industry in the Czech Republic. It deals with the form and the content of reporting, the importance of different stakeholders in this process as well as benefits of the sustainability‑related communication and its impacts on competitiveness of the company. This paper summarizes the results of a research executed in the year 2014. The results of the research showed that chemical industry companies were aware of the significance of sustainability‑related communication and they utilized various types of sustainability‑related reports for this communication. Companies prefer to report on the environmental and social aspects of their activities primarily in their annual reports, or they issue separate environmental reports. The research verified the relationship between the sustainability‑related communication and competitiveness. A suitable established high quality system of communication that provides sufficient information and meets the information requirements of the key stakeholders may significantly contribute to reputation improvement, to increased attractiveness of the company as an employer and thereby to maintain, to improve respectively, the level of a company’s competitiveness.

  11. Categorizing the Driving Affecting Factors on Iran’s Carpet Industry competitiveness by Fuzzy Topsis Technique

    F. Haghshenas Kashani


    Full Text Available One of the most prominent and important problems of Iran industries is the lack of competitiveness and the major reason among several various reasons is due to the absence of a defined approach for competitiveness. During this study, by testing an integrated model and presenting it as the research final model, we are trying to categorize the driving affecting factors on Iran’s carpet industry competitiveness. Thus, one of the new Multi Criteria Decision Making (MCDM techniques – Fuzzy Topsis- was applied. The components of research conceptual model which has 3 main criteria (internal resources, market situation, and innovation strength and 44 sub criteria was categorized by Fuzzy Topsis technique. Accordingly, “market share”, “e-commerce”, “knowledge creation’, “industry reliability”, and “exporters expertise and skills” were recognized as the most important sub criteria and simultaneously “customers satisfaction”, “employees’ education”, “international certifications”, and “fundamental researches” were recognized as the least momentous and effective sub criteria. These results represent that Iran’s hand-made carpet industry has still some difficulties in applying marketing knowledge such as: on line marketing, e-commerce, and making merchants familiar to these techniques. In addition, paying excessive attention to the quality, durability, and appearance of the Iranian carpets make managers to ignore some other factors such as customer satisfaction. Among the main criteria, market-based perspective was chosen as the most leading and significant criterion. In other words, the approach of position improvement in the international markets is recommended for this industry.

  12. Categorizing the Driving Affecting Factors on Iran’s Carpet Industry competitiveness by Fuzzy Topsis Technique

    Farideh Haghshenas


    One of the most prominent and important problems of Iran industries is the lack of competitiveness and the major reason among several various reasons is due to the absence of a defined approach for competitiveness. During this study, by testing an integrated model and presenting it as the research final model, we are trying to categorize the driving affecting factors on Iran’s carpet industry competitiveness. Thus, one of the new Multi Criteria Decision Making (MCDM techniques – Fuzzy Topsis- was applied. The components of research conceptual model which has 3 main criteria (internal resources, market situation, and innovation strength and 44 sub criteria was categorized by Fuzzy Topsis technique. Accordingly, “market share”, “e-commerce”, “knowledge creation’, “industry reliability”, and “exporters expertise and skills” were recognized as the most important sub criteria and simultaneously “customers satisfaction”, “employees’ education”, “international certifications”, and “fundamental researches” were recognized as the least momentous and effective sub criteria. These results represent that Iran’s hand-made carpet industry has still some difficulties in applying marketing knowledge such as: on line marketing, e-commerce, and making merchants familiar to these techniques. In addition, paying excessive attention to the quality, durability, and appearance of the Iranian carpets make managers to ignore some other factors such as customer satisfaction. Among the main criteria, market-based perspective was chosen as the most leading and significant criterion. In other words, the approach of position improvement in the international markets is recommended for this industry.

  13. Proposal for the award of a contract, without competitive tendering, for the supply of five numerically-controlled machining centres to BINP using money from the Russian fund


    For the reasons set out in this document, the Finance Committee is invited to approve the negotiation of a contract, without competitive tendering, using money from the Budker Institute of Nuclear Physics (BINP) in the Russian Fund RF-LHC I, for the purchase of five numerically-controlled machining centres and the corresponding tooling from the firm MIKRON (CH) for an amount not exceeding 2 000 000 Swiss francs (DDU Novosibirsk).

  14. Industrial policy of the ministry of industry, energy and tourism. re-industrialization, competitiveness and job creation; La polititica industrial del Ministerio de Industria, energia y turismo. Reindustrializacion, competitividad y creacion de empleo

    Valero Artola, L.


    Today, the period of financial crisis and economic recession has led to a general rethinking of economic policy and, in particular, of industrial policy. In addition, there is a full consensus about the importance of a competitive industrial sector for the economy as a whole. Consequently, the European Union has identified the industrial policy as a strategic priority, which has to be based on these four pillars: innovation, internal market, access to credit and human capital. Spain, in line with the EU, has also reviewed its industrial policy, identifying the recovery of the industry share of the GDP as a fundamental objective. This goal will be achieved by an active industrial policy, including structural reforms and the promotion of a competitive industry with high added value and ability to compete in foreign markets and to generate qualified employment.

  15. ASEAN-China Free Trade Area and the Competitiveness of Local Industries: A Case Study of Major Industries in the Lao People's Democratic Republic

    Leebouapao, Leebeer; INSISIENMAY, Sthabandith; Vanthana NOLINTHA


    This paper provides an evaluation of the impact of the ASEAN-China Free Trade Agreement (ACFTA) on industries in the Lao People's Democratic Republic (Lao PDR). In general, the paper finds that price competitiveness in the three industries under review falls substantially if tariffs are completely removed. However, the degree of impact varies substantially across industries. In the wood processing and cement industries, of which the latter benefits from import substitution policies, competiti...

  16. BBMRI-ERIC as a resource for pharmaceutical and life science industries: the development of biobank-based Expert Centres.

    van Ommen, Gert-Jan B; Törnwall, Outi; Bréchot, Christian; Dagher, Georges; Galli, Joakim; Hveem, Kristian; Landegren, Ulf; Luchinat, Claudio; Metspalu, Andres; Nilsson, Cecilia; Solesvik, Ove V; Perola, Markus; Litton, Jan-Eric; Zatloukal, Kurt


    Biological resources (cells, tissues, bodily fluids or biomolecules) are considered essential raw material for the advancement of health-related biotechnology, for research and development in life sciences, and for ultimately improving human health. Stored in local biobanks, access to the human biological samples and related medical data for transnational research is often limited, in particular for the international life science industry. The recently established pan-European Biobanking and BioMolecular resources Research Infrastructure-European Research Infrastructure Consortium (BBMRI-ERIC) aims to improve accessibility and interoperability between academic and industrial parties to benefit personalized medicine, disease prevention to promote development of new diagnostics, devices and medicines. BBMRI-ERIC is developing the concept of Expert Centre as public-private partnerships in the precompetitive, not-for-profit field to provide a new structure to perform research projects that would face difficulties under currently established models of academic-industry collaboration. By definition, Expert Centres are key intermediaries between public and private sectors performing the analysis of biological samples under internationally standardized conditions. This paper presents the rationale behind the Expert Centres and illustrates the novel concept with model examples.

  17. Internet Usage and Competitive Advantage: The Impact of the Internet on an Old Economy Industry in Spain.

    del Aguila Obra, Ana Rosa; Bruque Camara, Sebastian; Padilla Melendez, Antonio


    Considers whether Internet technologies have led to competitive advantage for companies operating in traditional industries. Highlights include a literature review; using the resource-based view (RBV) of firms as a theoretical framework for an empirical investigation; and a survey that investigated Internet technologies and competitive advantage…

  18. Internet Usage and Competitive Advantage: The Impact of the Internet on an Old Economy Industry in Spain.

    del Aguila Obra, Ana Rosa; Bruque Camara, Sebastian; Padilla Melendez, Antonio


    Considers whether Internet technologies have led to competitive advantage for companies operating in traditional industries. Highlights include a literature review; using the resource-based view (RBV) of firms as a theoretical framework for an empirical investigation; and a survey that investigated Internet technologies and competitive advantage…

  19. Market Structure and Competition: Assessment of Malaysian Pharmaceutical Industry based on the Modified Structure-Conduct-Performance Paradigm

    Chong, Hooi Ying; Chan, Tze-Haw


    This study assesses the market structure and competitiveness of Malaysian pharmaceutical industry. A panel analysis of 41 pharmaceutical manufacturing firms over 2004-2012 is conducted founded on the modified Structure-Conduct-Performance (SCP) framework. Our study reveals that the Malaysian pharmaceutical industry is highly concentrated (oligopoly) and the major findings are threefold. First, anti-competitive practices subsist among the pharmaceutical firms. Major players may have greater co...

  20. Commercial management and competition relationship in industrial and agroindustrial SMEs in Tundama, Colombia

    Luis Felipe Rodríguez C


    Full Text Available The process of freeing trade that has been occurring in the country since the late twentieth century has uncovered a number of weaknesses and threats facing our business organizations these days, in particular for small and medium enterprises (SME. The overall objective of this research is to analyze the relationship between the Commercial Management system and competitiveness of industrial and agroindustrial SM Es in Tundama, Colombia, in order to generate viable recommendations to give these business organizations competitive advantages; the methodology used was based on a descriptive non-experimental methodology design. Notably, the business organizations studied in this research have high transaction costs when accessing input markets and services, which constitute a major obstacle to advancing technology adoption

  1. Competitive-cum-cooperative interfirm relations and dynamics in the Japanese semiconductor industry

    Okada, Yoshitaka


    Japanese semiconductor firms are well known for obtaining dynamics in a short period of time and achieving even global leadership. A significant portion of their success are attributable to cooperative interfirm relations and the development of intermediate organizational structure based on long-term relationship between firms. The purpose of this book is to explain how interfirm relations contributed to their dynamics during the golden age of the semiconductor industry. Meanwhile this book clarifies the real source of dynamics in interfirm relations and how the firms have interacted. The author concludes that the competitive-cum-cooperative (CCC) interfirm interaction are observed. Quantitative and qualitative findings show that firms enjoy not only flexible cooperation based synergy effects, but also dynamics market-like effects by creating competition among partners through CCC interaction.

  2. Competition

    Staff Association


    Get ready for the Easter Egg Hunt! The Staff Association is organising a competition from 10 to 21 April 2017. There are several Go Sport gift vouchers to win, with a value of 50 € each. Try your luck! Count the number of different eggs that we have hidden on our website. Then indicate your answer in the online form. To participate, you just need to be a member of the Staff Association. Winners will be randomly drawn among the correct answers.

  3. Competition

    Staff Association


      The Staff Association is organising a competition from 13 to 21 December 2016. There are several Go Sport vouchers to win with a value of 50 € each. Try your luck! To participate, you just have to be a member of the Staff Association and take the online quiz: The winners will be drawn among the correct answers.

  4. Competition

    Staff Association


      The Staff Association is organising a competition from April 11 to 20. There are several Go Sport gift vouchers with a value of 50 € each to win. Try your luck! To participate, you just have to be a member of the Staff Association and take the online quiz: The winners will be drawn among the correct answers.

  5. Economic and legal determinants of export competitiveness of the food industry of Serbia

    Raičević Vuk


    Full Text Available Most authors agree that countries try to specialize in international trade. Among most important factors, they mention: differences in production costs, demand, production factors mobility, interest rates, wages, trade balance, income, technological innovativeness and progress. Therefore, the subject of this research paper is the analysis of comparative advantage and export specialization of the food industry, using the Balassa index (RCA, Lafay index (LFI and modified index of comparative advantage (Sm and specialization in international trade using Grubel Lloyd's index (GL, in order to measure the comparative advantage and specialization and suggest economic and legal measures for the improvement of competitiveness and comparative advantage in international markets.

  6. SO{sub 2} trading program as a metaphor for a competitive electric industry

    O`Connor, P.R. [Coopers & Lybrand, Chicago, IL (United States)


    This very brief presentation focuses on the competitive market impacts of sulfur dioxide SO{sub 2} emissions trading. Key points of the presentation are highlighted in four tables. The main principles and results of the emissions trading program are outlined, and the implications of SO{sub 2} trading for the electric industry are listed. Parallels between SO{sub 2} trading and electric utility restructing identified include no market distortion by avoiding serious disadvantages to competitors, and avoidance of stranded costs through compliance flexibility. 4 tabs.

  7. Adaptable and Reconfigurable LEAN Automation - a competitive solution in the western industry

    Bilberg, Arne; Hadar, Ronen

    Companies have to be innovative in the trinity of product development, manufacturing systems, and business, however; the weak link in this trinity seems to be manufacturing systems. Researchers and industry have seen a contradiction between LEAN and automation. The hypothesis in this research...... is that the right combination of LEAN and Automation can be a very competitive solution that combines the flexibility of human operators with the high precision, productivity, and endurance of automation by e.g. robotics. The manufacturing equipment has to be adaptable and reconfigurable to new situations. The key...

  8. From EcoDesign to Industrial Metabolism: Redefinition of Sustainable Innovation and Competitive Sustainability

    Taps, Stig B.; Brunø, Thomas Ditlev; Nielsen, Kjeld


    Successful enterprises are distinguished by their sustainable development reliant on their ability to learn and develop innovative solutions. Recyclability (material and product design) and recycling (process design) emerge as new paradigm for sustainable competitiveness. The paper makes a critical...... evaluation of the most commonly tools and techniques in use and suggests a redefinition of the concept of EcoDesign by integrating End-of-Life activities to gain industrial metabolism. This approach takes a broader innovation perspective, necessary to construct a sustainable innovation community...

  9. The competitiveness of metallurgy and metal products industry in Spain; La competitividad de las industrias metalurgica y de productos metalicos en Espana

    Mateos Torres, C.


    This article analyzes the competitiveness of metallurgy and manufacture of metal products sectors, in which the Industrial Observatory of the Metal Sector has studied the key factors of innovation for competitiveness. It includes a reference to the competitive situation of the Spanish iron and steel industry. Furthermore, the investments carried out by both sectors under the Competitiveness Promotion Programme for Strategic Industrial Sectors during the years 2009-2011 are analyzed. (Author)

  10. Potentiality of the Usage of Compressed Natural Gas for Competitiveness in Service Delivery Industries

    Gazi Mohammad Hasan Jamil


    Full Text Available Abstract. With the rising costs of gasoline, many vehicle owners are looking for alternatives of it. Compressed natural gas (CNG has been tested for this very purpose in some countries and found as a better alternative so far. CNG comes from country’s natural resources and it is clean and less costly to use. This paper is mainly an analysis of the potential benefits of using natural gas as a transportation fuel by the service delivery industries. It will examine CNG’s potential contribution in reducing delivery and vehicle maintenance cost, saving money in the long run projects, improving fuel efficiency, enhancing physical safety and assuring environment friendly emissions of carbon monoxide or reactive gases for the service delivery industries.Keywords: Compressed natural gas (CNG, Service Delivery, Fossil fuel, Global warming, Competitiveness

  11. The Competitiveness of Exports from Manufacturing Industries in Croatia and Slovenia to the EU-15 Market: A Dynamic Panel Analysis

    Nebojša Stojčić


    Full Text Available It is often stated that the growth prospects of nations are closely related to patterns of competitiveness exercised by their firms and industries in the international market. Building on foundations of endogenous growth and new trade theories academics and policy-makers postulate that quality-driven competitiveness bears higher growth potential than the ability to compete in terms of prices. The transition of Central and Eastern European Countries has been characterised by movement from the latter towards the former pattern of competitiveness. This process was facilitated by the transfer of knowledge and skills through the outsourcing of production from their most important trading partners, the West European members of the European Union (EU-15 countries, which paved the way for the development of intra-industry trade. This paper explores the competitiveness of manufacturing industries from Croatia and Slovenia in the EU-15 market. Using dynamic panel analysis we find that between 2002 and 2007 producers from the two countries followed different patterns of competitiveness. While in Slovenia the quality of exports is the main determinant of EU-15 market share, the competitiveness of Croatian producers still depends on their labour costs. We also find a strong impact of intra-industry trade on the competiveness of industries from the two countries in the EU-15 market.

  12. Effectiveness of Training and Development on Employees’ Performance and Organisation Competitiveness in the Nigerian Banking Industry

    Falola, H.O.


    Full Text Available Training and development is indispensable strategic tool for enhancing employee performance and organizations keep increasing training budget on yearly basis with believe that it will earn them competitive edge. The main objective of this study is to examine the effectiveness of training and development on employees’ performance and organisation competitive advantage in the Nigerian banking industry. Descriptive research method was adopted for this study using two hundred and twenty three valid questionnaires which were completed by selected banks in Lagos State, South-West Nigeria using simple random sampling technique. The data collected were carefully analyzed using descriptive statistics to represent the raw data in a meaningful manner. The results show that strong relationship exists between training and development, employees’ performance and competitive advantage. Summary of the findings indicates that there is strong relationship between the tested dependent variable and independent construct. However, bank management should not relent in their quest to train their staff to develop new ideas that will keep improving and retaining employee performance.

  13. The Impact of Energy taxes on Competitiveness and Output: A Panel Regression Study of 56 European Industry Sectors

    Enevoldsen, Martin K.; Andersen, Mikael Skou


    The focus of this paper is the extent to which energy taxes - via the resulting increase in real energy prices, or in their own right - reduce or enhance industrial competitiveness. From a panel data set covering 56 industry sectors throughout Europe over the period 1990-2003, we estimate how cha...

  14. High-Technology Trade Pattern Analysis: Its Use and Application for Industry Competitiveness Response and Government Policy Development

    Holbrook, J. A.


    The Canadian Advanced Technology Association (CATA) in collaboration with Industry Canada, sponsored a workshop on high-technology trade statistics in Ottawa, 19 October 1995. The purpose of the workshop was to review various approaches to high-technology trade pattern analysis, its use, and application for industrial competitiveness responses and government policy development.

  15. The destabilization of the French electricity supply industry nascent competition in an open environment

    Finon, D


    In February 2000 France, compelled by the 1996 European Directive 96/92, undertook a minimal reform of the organisation of its electricity industry, while preserving the boundaries of the incumbent company. The aim of this paper is to analyse the conditions of destabilization of the industrial organisation of the French ESI, by identifying the economic factors of endogenous and exogenous erosion. Firstly, after setting out the main elements of the French reform, which is aimed at making the electricity market contestable, the effectiveness of the ''contestability'' of the French power market is discussed. Secondly in order to test the stability of the new institutional arrangements, an institutional prospect is developed, on the basis of economic factors of instability and resistance, to produce two contrasting scenarios: one in which the particularly French model is retained (limited contestability market scenario); another in which there is movement towards a de-integrated competitive model (contamination by competition scenario). Thirdly the author concludes on the basis of recent elements, that the future would be a mix of these two trajectories which will come within in the progressive integration of the national markets in continental Europe. (A.L.B.)

  16. Competition Policy in the European Film Industry Focused on Consumers’ Interests – a Romanian Perspective

    Puiu Nistoreanu


    Full Text Available European cinema was and still is often assimilated by film consumers as art cinema which is more difficult to understand and ultimately to reach a big number of consumers. The objectives of this paper were to examine the pathway of European cinema market and the relationship with its consumers along with their interests and attitudes towards European films and to research the most important measures taken by European Union institutions under their competition policy to support European films through state aid schemes. In order to give shape to these objectives, in-depth interviews with five elite specialists from the Romanian film industry were used, specialists who possess international expertise and recognition. The problems of the qualitative research are: the modification of consumer behaviour face to European cinema and support measures. The findings suggest that regarding its relationship with consumers and their interests in the seventh art, European cinema faces many different difficulties ranging from the competition with American films and insufficient funds, to the increased comfortableness or coziness of the movie consumers of our times. The paper concludes with examples of measures suggested by the respondents, to help European cinema become more attractive to consumers, measures which are already being implemented by the industry, making the results of our study useful for policy and decision makers within this cultural area.

  17. The corporate centre in a financial conglomerate : governance under fundamental industry changes

    Fiole, Eelco Rokus Willem


    In part 1, we discuss 1) the fundamental changes in the financial services industry, 2) financial conglomerate structures and 3) value-based-management. These are core components for understanding the challenges and intentions of corporate level management of financial conglomerates. The financial services industry, financial conglomeration and value orientation In the first chapter, we highlight the major trend of consolidation in the financial services industry. This trend...

  18. The corporate centre in a financial conglomerate : governance under fundamental industry changes

    Fiole, Eelco Rokus Willem


    In part 1, we discuss 1) the fundamental changes in the financial services industry, 2) financial conglomerate structures and 3) value-based-management. These are core components for understanding the challenges and intentions of corporate level management of financial conglomerates. The financial services industry, financial conglomeration and value orientation In the first chapter, we highlight the major trend of consolidation in the financial services industry. This trend...

  19. Increasing the industrial potential of a region as a factor of improving the region’s competitiveness

    Lidiya Viktorovna Shamray


    Full Text Available Objective to determine the factors of increasing the region competitiveness by defining the industrial potential of its enterprises. Methods in the research the systemic structural functional situational economic analysis was widely used as well as modelling of the economic entities functioning. The main modeling method used in this work is the model of breakeven point widely known and tested in many enterprises. The dependence proposed by the author is of analytical character. Results the article considers different approaches to the definition of competitiveness the effect of the factors is described. The industrial potential of the enterprises is presented as one of the factors of regional competitiveness. The difference is described between the competitive advantage in commercial and production activities. The author suggests a methodology allowing to evaluate the competitiveness of industrial enterprises through the performance of production capacity the possibility of making managerial decisions based on the results of its application the results of the model testing are present. The possibility of applying the model at the regional level is shown. Scientific novelty the article presents the authorrsquos method allowing to calculate the potential growth of the enterprises competitiveness using the output capacities as the difference between the maximum and actual values of capacity. Practical significance the use of models in the practice of the company allows to evaluate the enterprise competitiveness identifying the marginal productivity of the equipment. Once it has been reached the questions arise how long the company will remain competitive in achieving 100 capacity utilization selection of areas of extensive growth due to the fact that the limits of intensive growth have been achieved. Testing of the model was carried out at the Volgograd baking enterprises it showed a high accuracy of the calculation the deviation of calculated

  20. Australia's private health insurance industry: structure, competition, regulation and role in a less than 'ideal world'.

    Shamsullah, Ardel


    Australia's private health insurance funds have been prominent participants in the nation's health system for 60 years. Yet there is relatively little public awareness of the distinctive origins of the health funds, the uncharacteristic organisational nature of these commercial enterprises and the peculiarly regulated nature of their industry. The conventional corporate responsibility to shareholders was, until recently, completely irrelevant, and remains marginal to the sector. However, their purported answerability to contributors, styled as 'members', was always doubtful for most health funds. After a long period of remarkable stability in the sector, despite significant shifts in health funding policy, recent years have brought notable changes, with mergers, acquisitions and exits from the industry. The research is based on the detailed study of the private health funds, covering their history, organisational character and industry structure. It argues that the funds have always been divorced from the disciplines of the competitive market and generally have operated complacently within a system of comprehensive regulation and generous subsidy. The prospect of the private health funds enjoying an expanded role under a form of 'social insurance', as suggested by the National Health and Hospitals Reform Commission, is not supported.

  1. Competition in the foundry industry - a strategic approach; A busca da competitividade na industria de fundicao, uma bordagem estrategica

    Conceicao, Paulo Varella [Mineracao Jundu S.A., Descalvado, SP (Brazil)


    The foundry industry is presently facing deep changes such as: foundries share holding control, opening to foreign investments, customs restriction reduction, worldwide competition, new investments in Brazil, profound changes in the supply procedures. This work analyses the factors which have meaning impact in the competition increase for facing this reality. Using tools provided by business strategic planning, the problem can be approached in a effective manner 9 refs., 4 figs., 1 tab.

  2. Sources of competitive advantage and business performance in the European meat processing industry

    Strandskov, Jesper


    the FSAs, LSAs and RSAs and business performance. Also, the direction of causality between the various sets of explanatory variables is considered. The hypotheses are combined in a structural modelling of firm competition. 2. Data and measurements are derived from a survey in the European meat processing...... and distribution costs. Business performance was measured by applying the following indicators: return of investments, sales growth and market share. 3. The data set was subjected to conformative factor analysis and structural equation modelling using LISREL8. Based on an evaluation of the reliability values and t...... estimated of which one model, in particular, seems to fit the data best. 4. The meat processing industry results of the analysis show that the FSAs and the RSAs are the most important explanatory variables as regards business performances, however, with strong interaction effects between the two sets...

  3. Long-Term Support for High-Volume Manufacturing Industry: The Centre for Achievement in Manufacturing and Management, University of Sunderland, UK.

    Wilcock, Dennis; Terry, Brian


    A unique partnership of industry, government, and the University of Sunderland involves a holistic approach to manufacturing, integrating efficiency with quality of life for a profitable and sustainable competitive advantage. (SK)

  4. Long-Term Support for High-Volume Manufacturing Industry: The Centre for Achievement in Manufacturing and Management, University of Sunderland, UK.

    Wilcock, Dennis; Terry, Brian


    A unique partnership of industry, government, and the University of Sunderland involves a holistic approach to manufacturing, integrating efficiency with quality of life for a profitable and sustainable competitive advantage. (SK)

  5. Research on the Competitiveness of the County Tourism Industry in Ganzi Prefecture from the Perspective of Poverty Alleviation

    Chen Chanping; Jiang Hao


    Tourism is the pillar industry of Ganzi Prefecture, and it is of great practical signif-icance to the study of the competitiveness of county-level tourism industry in Ganzi Prefecture. This paper constructs an indicator system of evaluating competitiveness of the county tourism industry from four dimensions, including the development of the tourism industry, the development of related indus-tries, the economic environment and transport con-ditions. The paper studies the competitiveness of the county tourism industry of Ganzi prefecture in 2013 via the entropy method, and then analyzes the differences and shortcomings of the county’s ca-pability to alleviate poverty through tourism. The results show that, first of all, the various counties’ capability to alleviate poverty through tourism in Ganzi is obviously different from each other: the eastern counties are relatively strong in this area, the northern counties are somewhere in the middle, and the southern counties struggle. Secondly, the development of tourism and related industries has a great impact on the competitiveness of the county tourism industry, and that the counties generally have shortcomings in their transport conditions. Thirdly, the restricting factors on the competitive-ness of the county tourism industry are complicat-ed, and the strategy of tourism development should be formulated with regard to these issues. Based on this situation, this article proposes the following suggestions: 1 ) Various counties in Ganzi prefecture should strengthen their research into and promotion of poverty alleviation through tourism, accelerate the development of their basic infrastructure, and improve the transport condi-tions;2 ) the counties in the east of the prefecture should increase investment into transportation, op-timize their industrial structure, and promote the development of the tertiary service sector; 3 ) the counties in the north should develop their own po-tential, strengthen economic

  6. Consolidation in the Dialysis Industry, Patient Choice, and Local Market Competition.

    Erickson, Kevin F; Zheng, Yuanchao; Winkelmayer, Wolfgang C; Ho, Vivian; Bhattacharya, Jay; Chertow, Glenn M


    The Medicare program insures >80% of patients with ESRD in the United States. An emphasis on reducing outpatient dialysis costs has motivated consolidation among dialysis providers, with two for-profit corporations now providing dialysis for >70% of patients. It is unknown whether industry consolidation has affected patients' ability to choose among competing dialysis providers. We identified patients receiving in-center hemodialysis at the start of 2001 and 2011 from the national ESRD registry and ascertained dialysis facility ownership. For each hospital service area, we determined the maximum distance within which 90% of patients traveled to receive dialysis in 2001. We compared the numbers of competing dialysis providers within that same distance between 2001 and 2011. Additionally, we examined the Herfindahl-Hirschman Index, a metric of market concentration ranging from near zero (perfect competition) to one (monopoly) for each hospital service area. Between 2001 and 2011, the number of different uniquely owned competing providers decreased 8%. However, increased facility entry into markets to meet rising demand for care offset the effect of provider consolidation on the number of choices available to patients. The number of dialysis facilities in the United States increased by 54%, and patients experienced an average 10% increase in the number of competing proximate facilities from which they could choose to receive dialysis (Pmarkets were highly concentrated in both 2001 and 2011 (mean Herfindahl-Hirschman Index =0.46; SD=0.2 for both years), but overall market concentration did not materially change. In summary, a decade of consolidation in the United States dialysis industry did not (on average) limit patient choice or result in more concentrated local markets. However, because dialysis markets remained highly concentrated, it will be important to understand whether market competition affects prices paid by private insurers, access to dialysis care

  7. Modeling the Competitiveness of Indonesian Palm Oil Industry: A Conceptual Model Using Hierarchical Multi-Level System Approach

    Roland Y.H. Silitonga


    Full Text Available Indonesian Palm Oil Industry has the largest market share in the world, but still faces problems in order to strengthen the level of competitiveness. Those problems are in the industry chains, government regulation and policy as meso environment, and macro economic condition. Therefore these three elements should be considered when analyzing the improvement of competitiveness. Here, the governmental element is hoped to create a conducive environment. This paper presents the industry competitiveness conceptual model, using hierarchical multilevel system approach. The Hierarchical multilevel system approach is used to accommodate the complexity of the industrial relation and the government position as the meso environment. The step to develop the model firstly is to define the relevant system. Secondly, is to formulate the output of the model that is competitiveness in the form of indicator. Then, the relevant system with competitiveness as the output is built into a conceptual model using hierarchical multilevel system. The conceptual model is then discussed to see if it can explain the relevant system, and the potential of it to be developed into mathematical model.

  8. 我国产业集群的竞争力研究%Research on the Competitive Power of the Industrial Clusters in China



    Industrial clusters have been an important phenomenon of the global economy. The most important reason for its becoming the focus of people's attention and the popular mode of industry programming is continuous and powerful competitiveness. The article analyzes this competitiveness, and points out some problems of China's industrial clusters, which directly affects its current competitiveness and further development .Finally, we propose some specific measures of those problems.

  9. Ergonomics and Kaizen as strategies for competitiveness: a theoretical and practical in an automotive industry.

    Vieira, Leandro; Balbinotti, Giles; Varasquin, Adriano; Gontijo, Leila


    With increased international competitiveness in the automotive industry, came the concern of the companies save costs and lower production costs. For this purpose many ways are designed to reduce costs and waste of raw materials and reduce activities that do not aggregate value to manufacturing processes. In the early XVII appears the manufacturing system, which processes were hard with little concern for the health and safety of employees and conditions of the workplace. After the advent of the production system called lean manufacturing, a new paradigm in terms of production system capable of providing high levels of productivity and quality. It is based on waste elimination that occur during the production process. After began a new way of thinking, creating a culture of continuous improvement and lean process with no waste and reducing costs, without neglecting the welfare worker and improving the conditions of their work environment. This paper presents a reflection on the application of ergonomics in a lean production system of an automotive industry, using methodology based on the Kaizen (Continuous Improvement) to gain performance and improving the conditions of the workplace, also will be presented with positive and negative points in using this methodology in relation to ergonomics. The research will be conducted by collecting data 'in loco' and interviews with workers. Some studies show that in companies that are lean system and using the methodology of Kaizen, the results of product quality, levels of absenteeism and accidents are better than those obtained in companies that do not apply the same concept.

  10. Designing Growth Strategies for Romanian Offshore Outsourcing Vendors: Deploying Competitive Intelligence from Indian Software Industry

    Mukta SAMTANI


    Full Text Available The paper aims to derive growth strategies for three Romanian software developers involved in offshore outsourcing, by deploying competitive intelligence on the top offshore players from India. The paper revolves around two key assumptions. One is that Romanian companies are growing the way Indian companies did few years ago and so it would be important to analyse the strategies that they had adopted to reach their present potential. Second, there is a set of factors common to all industry players whether in India or Romania as the industry is global in nature, so it would really be important to collect information about how are these global competitors planning to mitigate the environmental threats and to take advantage of the opportunities being presented by the changes in the external environment. For the three Romanian companies whose managers accepted to be included in our study, the main strategic option they want to pursue is market penetration. Taking cue from the strategies adopted by their Indian counterparts, the study recommends growth strategies for these Romanian players.

  11. Cutting Porter's last diamond: competitive and comparative (dis)advantages in the Dutch flower industry. Which lesson for Italian SMEs?

    Ernesto Tavoletti; Robbin te Velde


    The Dutch are the world's leaders in the ower business despite they seem to lack comparative advantage in the traditional sense. Comparative advantages paid a role in the history of the Dutch ower industry and they still have a role today. Based on a critic of Porter's theories, the investigation suggests that the exploitation of comparative advantages is allowed only to those rms and industries that already possess a competitive advantage, based on technology, logistics infrastructure, innov...

  12. Network Structure of Industrial Chain and Competition in Telecommunication Industry%电信产业链网状化与电信市场竞争

    刘玉芹; 胡汉辉


    In the context of triple play, telecommunication industry shapes itself with new industrial chain features and market structure, which exert influences on competition strategies of telecom operators. This article holds that the vertical chain of telecommunication industry is undergoing decomposition and reintegrating, horizontal chain is deepening and expanding by triple play development, and side chain is forming with business model innovation of two-sided market. This three-dimensioned industrial chain structure combines into a network structure of industrial chain, in which industrial convergence strengthens contestable feature of telecommunication industry while network externality strengthens monopolistic feature. These opposite and complementary effects of competition and monopoly form a competitive monody structure of telecommunication industry. Accordingly, these network structure of industrial chain and competitive monopoly market structure demand telecom operators implement a comprehensive competitive strategy based on compound industrial chains.%“三网融合”发展背景下,电信产业呈现出新的产业链形态和市场结构特征,并影响了电信运营商的市场竞争策略。本文认为在电信纵向产业链分解与重组的基础上,“三网融合”深化和扩展了电信横向产业链,电信商业模式创新形成了基于双边市场的电信侧向产业链,纵向、横向和侧向三个维度的产业链相互交织形成了网状化产业链形态。这种变化一方面通过产业融合增强了电信产业的可竞争性,另一方面通过网络外部性机制增强了电信产业的可垄断性,两种相反相成的竞争效应共同形成了“三网融合”特有的竞争性垄断市场结构.网状化产业链形态和竞争性垄断市场结构促使电信运营商实行复合产业链竞争策略。

  13. 13 CFR 127.500 - In what industries is a contracting officer authorized to restrict competition under this part?


    ... 13 Business Credit and Assistance 1 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false In what industries is a contracting officer authorized to restrict competition under this part? 127.500 Section 127.500 Business Credit and Assistance SMALL BUSINESS ADMINISTRATION WOMEN-OWNED SMALL BUSINESS FEDERAL...

  14. The Integration of Technology and Management in the Competitiveness of the United States Short Staple Yarn Manufacturing Industry

    Suvalee T. Tangboonritruthai


    Full Text Available The purpose of this research was to investigate whether a balance of technology and management could be used in order to sustain a viable United States (US short staple yarn production industry. The methodology used in this study consisted of primary research comprising two phases. The first phase consisted of interviews with industry executives in order to find out what US yarn manufacturers think are the important factors in maintaining a competitive yarn industry. The second phase was an online survey with industry customers in order to find out why weavers and knitters buy from US manufacturers. Results reveal that US manufacturers have competitive advantages over other countries because of skill level of workforce, variety of products offered, customer relationships, innovation and technology, and product quality. In order to keep these competitive advantages, “technology” and “management” strategies should be implemented. Results also reveal the areas in which the US yarn manufacturers should focus their resources in order to stay competitive or indeed survive.

  15. Strategi Pemasaran Mebel Kayu Sentra Industri Kecil Pondok Bambu, Jakarta Timur (Wood Furniture Marketing Strategy on Pondok Bambu Small Industry Centre, East Jakarta

    Yulius Hero


    Full Text Available Normal 0 false false false EN-US X-NONE X-NONE MicrosoftInternetExplorer4 Furniture is one of wood products to fulfill the household needs, especially for household furnishing. Wood product which is used for furniture tends to decrease because of the substitution products, i.e.: plastic, rattan, bamboo, glass, and metal. To continue their effort, small industries in Indonesia face hard problems and challanges. To solve the hard problems and challenges, then a new marketing strategy through the study on marketing strategy of small wood-furniture industry is needed. This research objectives are to know several factors which have relation toward marketing of woodfurniture and compile alternative small industrial marketing strategy of wood-furniture. Research conducts in Small Industry Centre, Pondok Bambu, East Jakarta from June to July 2008. Some tools are used in this research, such as: questionaire, calculator, camera, and stationery. The method of data collection is purposive sampling with total amount of responden is 30 people-small industry owners. Data analysis uses regression and SWOT method (Strength, Weaknesses. Opportunities, Threath. Result of the research for the regression equation of wood-furniture marketing Y= 9,001 - 0,6798 X1 - 1,4834 X2 - 1,4834 X3 + 0,4818 X4 with value R2 is equal to 51.3%. Linearity test model indicates that F Calculated is 6.57 in significat level α = 1%. Factors that influence wood-furniture marketing of sale volume are variation of product, wood-furniture price, distribution system and promotion. The relation between sale volume with variable of product variation, wood-furniture price, and distribution system is significant with negative direction. It means that smaller product variation, lower wood-furniture price, and more efficient distribution system; will effect to higher sale volume. Whereas the relation between sale volume with variable of promotion is not significant with positive direction. It

  16. Evaluation Strategy Michael Porter's five forces model of the competitive environment on the dairy industry (Case Study: Amoll Haraz Dvshh dairy company)

    Mohammad Bolorian Tehrani; Faezeh Rahmani


    State of competition in an industry depends on five basic forces. Porter's five forces model including bargaining power of customers, bargaining power of suppliers, threat of newcomers to the industry, threat of substitute products is the intensity of rivalry between competitors. Joint strength of these forces determines the ultimate benefit of potentially any industry. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the competitive environment of the dairy industry based on Michael Por...

  17. Processing Practice of Second Generation Tempeh Recipein Centre of Tempeh Home Industry in Malang

    Yohanes Kristianto


    Full Text Available Background: Malang still faces nutrition problems that need to be solved with the use of local potential in the form of tempeh. More nutritious and attractive tempeh productsmay be produced by introducing new way of processing known as second generation of tempeh. This study was aimed to explore second generation tempe consumption pattern of in Malang. Methods: This study was descriptive qualitative. Tempeh consumption pattern was obtained from group of mother of 6-59 months child with malnutrition and pregnant with chronic energy deficiency in Kendalkerep health care center in which tempeh industry is localised and Arjowinangun health centers as a comparison. Data collection was conducted through FGD and tempeh cooking contest. Results: In general, respondents consumed tempeh almost every day. Tempe products were prepared traditionally in form of snack or protein source side dish. Tempeh processing is generally done by frying. Respondents have recognized the new way of processing tempeh in form of second generations.Respondents living in the tempeh industry area usedmore various ingredients and more complex methods of cooking. They also indicated the ability to adopt new way of tempeh processing. Conclusion: People in Malang consumes tempeh in two forms, ie. side dishes and snack traditionally processed mainly by frying. They may adopt new way of tempeh processing. Recommendation: Futher research is needed to prove the benefit in reducing the malnutrition.

  18. Definition of the Relevant Market: (Lack of) Harmony between Industrial Economics and Competition Law

    H. Nevo-Ilan


    textabstractThe European Union has seen an expansion in the role and scope of economic analysis in competition policy over the last decade. Conformity of competition law with economic principles is manifested in numerous reforms recently implemented in various areas of competition policy, as well as

  19. Measuring Competition using the Profit Elasticity : American Sugar Industry, 1890-1914

    Boone, J.; van Leuvensteijn, M.


    The Profit Elasticity (PE) is a new competition measure introduced in Boone (2008). Sofar, there was no direct proof that this measure can identify regimes of competition empirically. This paper focuses on this issue using data of Genesove and Mullin (1998) in which different regimes of competition

  20. Definition of the Relevant Market: (Lack of) Harmony between Industrial Economics and Competition Law

    H. Nevo-Ilan


    textabstractThe European Union has seen an expansion in the role and scope of economic analysis in competition policy over the last decade. Conformity of competition law with economic principles is manifested in numerous reforms recently implemented in various areas of competition policy, as well as

  1. Measuring Competition using the Profit Elasticity : American Sugar Industry, 1890-1914

    Boone, J.; van Leuvensteijn, M.


    The Profit Elasticity (PE) is a new competition measure introduced in Boone (2008). Sofar, there was no direct proof that this measure can identify regimes of competition empirically. This paper focuses on this issue using data of Genesove and Mullin (1998) in which different regimes of competition

  2. Measuring competition using the Profit Elasticity: American Suger Industry, 1890 - 1914

    Boone, J.; van Leuvensteijn, M.


    The Profit Elasticity (PE) is a new competition measure introduced in Boone (2008). So far, there was no direct proof that this measure can identify regimes of competition empirically. This paper focuses on this issue using data of Genesove and Mullin (1998) in which different regimes of competition

  3. The role and linkages of buy-back centres in the recycling industry: Pretoria and Bloemfontein (South Africa

    J. M.M. Viljoen


    Full Text Available Purpose/objectives: The aim of this paper is to get a better understanding of the role and linkages of buy-back centres (BBCs in the recycling industry. The first objective is to analyse the institutional profile of the BBCs in two different geographical areas - namely, Pretoria and Bloemfontein. The second objective is to discuss the role and linkages of BBCs with the informal sector activities and specifically the activities of street waste pickers. The third objective is to explain the linkages that exist between BBCs and recycling companies. Problem investigated: Recycling, and specifically the collection and sorting of waste, is currently receiving much attention on the national as well as municipal level. To understand the recycling industry, and to make informed policy decisions concerning the recycling industry, policy makers need to have an understanding of the role and crucial link of all role players in the industry. Knowledge on the BBCs, who act as a link between the formal and informal sector activities in the recycling industry, is of the utmost importance. Design/Methodology/Approach: A mixed method approach consisting of a quantitative survey coupled with qualitative questions was used. The mixed method approach is used to collect as much data as possible from the BBCs, which is beyond the scope of what a structured questionnaire on its own can achieve. A lack of accurate location information on BBCs necessitated an intensive search for BBCs in the two areas. Findings/Implications: The BBCs in Pretoria and Bloemfontein act as an important link between informal sector activities and recycling companies and therefore promote informal and formal job opportunities. Formal job opportunities are created at the BBC sites as well as formal jobs at the upper end of the recycling chain, namely at formal recycling companies. Informal income generating opportunities are created for the informal waste collectors. Any changes in the formal or

  4. Tracing the transition path between optimal strategies combinations within a competitive market of innovative industrial products

    Batzias, Dimitris F.; Pollalis, Yannis A.


    In several cases, a competitive market can be simulated by a game, where each company/opponent is referred to as a player. In order to accommodate the fact that each player (alone or with alliances) is working against some others' interest, the rather conservative maximin criterion is frequently used for selecting the strategy or the combination of strategies that yield the best of the worst possible outcomes for each one of the players. Under this criterion, an optimal solution is obtained when neither player finds it beneficial to alter his strategy, which means that an equilibrium has been achieved, giving also the value of the game. If conditions change as regards a player, e.g., because of either achieving an unexpected successful result in developing an innovative industrial product or obtaining higher liquidity permitting him to increase advertisement in order to acquire a larger market share, then a new equilibrium is reached. The identification of the path between the old and the new equilibrium points may prove to be valuable for investigating the robustness of the solution by means of sensitivity analysis, since uncertainty plays a critical role in this situation, where evaluation of the payoff matrix is usually based on experts' estimates. In this work, the development of a standard methodology (including 16 activity stages and 7 decision nodes) for tracing this path is presented while a numerical implementation follows to prove its functionality.




    Full Text Available One of the distinctive attributes of today’s successful companies is having at least one competitive advantage in one known area. Technological competency is an important advantage which helps improve the firm’s competitiveness. In fact, suitable use of new technologies can dramatically influence the innovation speed, decrease the time of product development cycle and also increase the rate of new product introduction. Firm-specific technological competencies help explain why a firm is different, how it changes over time, and whether it is capable of remaining competitive. In this study, technological competency factors (technology management, process technology, product technology are prioritized according to the competitive advantage levels(customer satisfaction, brand reputation, new product introduction, market share and competitive priorities (cost, price, quality, flexibility, time using fuzzy Analytic hierarchy process (FAHP with the aim of maximizing the nonfinancial performance at coil manufacture industry. The results indicate that within Iran coil industry, process technology is of greater importance than technology management and product technology.

  6. Report of study group 7.1: natural gas in competition with electric power in industrial applications

    Youssef, Ch.; Tatsuda, T.


    This report consists of three sections. The first section is a brief general overview of all the issues that impact the competition between natural gas and electricity in industrial applications. The second section of this report focus on the all the marketing issues and provides detail analysis of the status of these issues in Europe, Japan and United States. The third section of this report is a detail review of the current status of the competition between gas technologies and electro-technologies, it also make recommendation for developing new gas technologies. The fourth section is a contribution from M. Pettersson and S. Stenstroem, Sweden, on infrared dryers. (authors)

  7. Renewable generation technology choice and policies in a competitive electricity supply industry

    Sarkar, Ashok

    Renewable energy generation technologies have lower externality costs but higher private costs than fossil fuel-based generation. As a result, the choice of renewables in the future generation mix could be affected by the industry's future market-oriented structure because market objectives based on private value judgments may conflict with social policy objectives toward better environmental quality. This research assesses how renewable energy generation choices would be affected in a restructured electricity generation market. A multi-period linear programming-based model (Resource Planning Model) is used to characterize today's electricity supply market in the United States. The model simulates long-range (2000-2020) generation capacity planning and operation decisions under alternative market paradigms. Price-sensitive demand is used to simulate customer preferences in the market. Dynamically changing costs for renewables and a two-step load duration curve are used. A Reference Case represents the benchmark for a socially-optimal diffusion of renewables and a basis for comparing outcomes under alternative market structures. It internalizes externality costs associated with emissions of sulfur dioxide (SOsb2), nitrous oxides (NOsbx), and carbon dioxide (COsb2). A Competitive Case represents a market with many generation suppliers and decision-making based on private costs. Finally, a Market Power Case models the extreme case of market power: monopoly. The results suggest that the share of renewables would decrease (and emissions would increase) considerably in both the Competitive and the Market Power Cases with respect to the Reference Case. The reduction is greater in the Market Power Case due to pricing decisions under existing supply capability. The research evaluates the following environmental policy options that could overcome market failures in achieving an appropriate level of renewable generation: COsb2 emissions tax, SOsb2 emissions cap, renewable

  8. Planning the amount of construction work by modelling the industry competitive field

    Panteleeva Margarita


    Full Text Available The article gives the author’s interpretation of concepts such as the model of competitive field and competitive market conditions in the field, and shows how to quantify the competitive field provided adequate statistical base for the operation of enterprises in market competition. The authors offer a competitively construction company with a model of the competitive field, which gives the following definition: a model of a competitive field is a graph crossing function of the life cycle of concrete products construction companies. However, the model cannot afford to manage the process, it only helps to visualize the situation. To control you need to select a specific element of the model, which can be quantified. The authors make it through the competitive field, which is defined as a closed path created by the intersection of functions depending on the market price of the construction product by product positioning in the market of the time. For a quantitative analysis of the competitive field size must use the main economic-mathematical methods and types of statistical analysis of competition.

  9. The Office of Industrial Technologies - enhancing the competitiveness, efficiency, and environmental quality of American industry through technology partnerships



    A critical component of the Federal Government`s effort to stimulate improved industrial energy efficiency is the DOE`s Office of Industrial Technologies (OIT). OIT funds research, development, and demonstration (RD&D) efforts and transfers the resulting technology and knowledge to industry. This document describes OIT`s program, including the new Industries of the Future (IOF) initiative and the strategic activities that are part of the IOF process. It also describes the energy, economic, and environmental characteristics of the materials and process industries that consume nearly 80% of all energy used by manufacturing in the United States. OIT-supported RD&D activities relating to these industries are described, and quantitative estimates of the potential benefits of many OIT-supported technologies for industry are also provided.

  10. Optimal Competition : A Benchmark for Competition Policy

    Boone, J.


    This paper introduces optimal competition: the best form of competition in an industry that a competition authority can achieve under the information constraint that it cannot observe firms' effciency levels.We show that the optimal competition outcome in an industry becomes more competitive as more


    Gayduk V. I.


    Full Text Available Industrial region passport is a comprehensive information tool for forming the sustainable consistent conception about the industrial economic sector of administrative territorial unit for third-party users. This content is being formed by taking into account following elements: maximum completeness of the provided information, minimization of the facts distortion and empirical data; simplicity and clarity of the data provided in an accessible form with informative and illustrative material; classifier by potential users’ interests’ availability. In the article, exemplary structure of the industrial passport according to the developed requirements is proposed. In addition, the formation of a working group in the structure of economy sector government bodies is proposed; its tasks include organization and carrying out the relevant works. The article describes a proposed phased-gradualist procedure for creating the industrial passport of the area or district. The developed industrial passport can be used: in the investors attraction activities to the regions with an industrial orientation of the economy; within industrial exhibitions, convents and conferences conducting; as a tool for operational diagnosing a certain industrial potential; as a tool for information accumulating for comparative analysis of the industrial sector functioning in the territorial and temporal dimension; among with other complex tools for the area investment attractiveness increase; as a reasoning element for project platforms necessary for the cluster forms of industrial production organization


    Kıvanç Yılmaz


    Full Text Available In today's business environment, existence of enterprises depends on prediction about the extent of environmental change and development on competitive edge techniques that provide them advantages. In this context, consumer demand and production of new designs to meet their needs and to be available at affordable prices according to market stands out. Design is a view of the product or product parts. The new design concept in production; thinking, planning, design and implementation comes up as a result of the decision-making processes with a more accurate representation of the uncertain status of state transformation. This condition can lead to differentiation of people's consumption habits and technological developments changing rapidly contribute to the production process. The purpose of the study is to contribute to the debate process and to examine competitive advantage in terms of differentiation in product design for the furniture industry. For this purpose, a study was conducted on furniture enterprises operating in Ankara and the role of the variation in product design has been uncovered in terms of product performance, market share and competitive advantage.According to the findings of the research resulting reached important conclusions about competitive advantages of furniture enterprises operating in Ankara that differentiate them based on variations in product designs and recommendations within the framework of what needs to be done. In addition, the location of modern production and consumption habits of the design for the furniture enterprises as a competitive tool has demonstrated significant results within the scope of how to use.The research is regarded important to emphasize that the issue of the competitive differentiation in terms of product design in the furniture industry. The research is expected to practice in these areas and will contribute to future studies.

  13. Why are Industrial Relations in Spain Competitive? Trust in Management, Union Support and Conflict Behaviour in Worker Representatives

    Patricia Elgoibar


    Full Text Available In the current context of limited resources and economic, social and labour changes, organizational conflicts are becoming more and more competitive. Two possible explanations for this approach to conflict in Spain are the low trust between unions and management and the long tradition of confrontation in industrial relations. In this study we analyse the conflict pattern from worker representatives and the relation to trust in management and union support. The hypotheses are tested in a quantitative study of 719 representatives. Results show that a representatives use a competitive conflict style; b trust is negatively related to this style; and c union support is positively related to the style. We explore how societal culture and historical industrial relations tradition explain these relations.

  14. Development and limits of the tractor industry in Argentina (1955-1978 Situation in the context of international competition

    Damián Bil


    Full Text Available In this paper, we focus on a particular subject: the history of the tractor industry in Argentina from its origins to the late '70s. The objective is to analyze the potential and limits. It is crucial to introduce the auxiliary industry problems, costs, characteristics of the work process, exports and the role of international competition.This work is part of our Ph.D. Thesis. We refer to several sources: interviews with former employees, statistical series, government publications and periodical publications about the subject, reports from international organizations, business sources, and contributions from others researchers

  15. Globalization and the U.S.Defense Industrial Base: The Competition for a New Aerial Refueling Tanker

    Nayantara Hensel


    The growth in the global economy and the trend toward outsourcing have given rise to concerns over the composition and strength of the U.S. industrial base and the degree of U.S. dependence on other countries for certain goods. The purpose of this article is to examine the concerns surrounding the alleged inroads of foreign manufacturers into the U.S. defense industrial base, as well as the background behind the concerns, with a specific focus on the recent competition over what may be one of...

  16. The Impacts of Climate Change Negotiation on Domestic Industrial Structure and International Competitiveness

    Lim, Jae Kyu; Kang, Yoon Young [Korea Energy Economics Institute, Euiwang (Korea)


    environmental impacts on South Korea. On the whole, the Kyoto Protocol has the potential to cause profound economic changes in individual countries and the wider global economy. From an economic perspective the setting of greenhouse gas emission targets in the Kyoto Protocol was the key decision taken at Kyoto because of the significant implications on economic and trade competitiveness they hold. Now that individual Annex I country targets have been set, the international debate has shifted toward the question of cost effective and environmentally credible implementation of the Protocol and the way of participation of developing countries including South Korea to contribute to the global efforts for greenhouse gas emission reduction. It is believed that the ongoing climate change negotiation could create the structural changes of industries in South Korea. This new situation will bring South Korea to an unfamiliar economic and social environment. (author). 76 refs., 41 figs., 23 tabs.

  17. An overview of maritime pine private non-industrial forest in the centre of Portugal: A 19-year case study

    Alegria Cristina


    Full Text Available Portuguese national policies for forests were developed considering related themes such as climate change, forest health, fire and the protective functions of forests. In Portugal, maritime pine forest is mainly private non-industrial and its area is in decline. Therefore, the aim of this study was two-fold: first, to assess maritime pine forest characteristics over a 19-year period; second, to analyse forest cover change over that period. In the end, the implementation of state policies was explored. A study area highly forested by continuous areas of naturally regenerated maritime pine in the centre of Portugal was used. To assess maritime pine forest characteristics, two sets of inventory data collected in previous studies (1991-1996 and 2007-2010 were used. To analyse forest cover change, the official land cover maps for 1990 and 2007 were used. This study findings highlighted that study area’s trends over the past years were the following: first, the decrease of maritime pine forest areas and its management decline (stands less stable, under-stocked, with large amounts of small-diameter poles and enlarged tree size variability; second, the increase of scrubland areas; third, the increase of eucalyptus afforestation with no regard for protection areas; and fourth, the absence of native oaks or introduction of other broadleaves as recommended by the state policies. Therefore, it is argued that there is a need for effective field monitoring actions with regard to the implementation of state policies. Additionally, selective incentives are key to mobilise private non-industrial forest to achieve the goals of state forest policies.

  18. Investigating blue ocean v. competitive strategy: A statistical analysis of the retail industry

    Burke, A.; van Stel, A.; Thurik, R.


    The recent work of Kim and Mauborgne (2005a) has sought to turn strategic management on its head. They note that the field has been dominated by Porter’s (1980, 1985) competitive strategy and it has placed too much emphasis on the importance of competition and rivalry. By contrast they argue in

  19. Investigating blue ocean v. competitive strategy: A statistical analysis of the retail industry

    Burke, A.; van Stel, A.; Thurik, R.


    The recent work of Kim and Mauborgne (2005a) has sought to turn strategic management on its head. They note that the field has been dominated by Porter’s (1980, 1985) competitive strategy and it has placed too much emphasis on the importance of competition and rivalry. By contrast they argue in favo

  20. US and EU competition policy on abuse of dominance in high tech industries

    Brouwer, M.


    Abuse of dominance is one of the three pillars of competition policy in both the EU and the US. Competition laws are similar, but enforcement differs greatly between the EU and the US. The EU administrative approach is less punitive than the US court based system. The use of fines by the EU in antit

  1. Investigating blue ocean v. competitive strategy: A statistical analysis of the retail industry

    Burke, A.; van Stel, A.; Thurik, R.


    The recent work of Kim and Mauborgne (2005a) has sought to turn strategic management on its head. They note that the field has been dominated by Porter’s (1980, 1985) competitive strategy and it has placed too much emphasis on the importance of competition and rivalry. By contrast they argue in favo

  2. A user-centred approach to requirements elicitation in medical device development: a case study from an industry perspective.

    Martin, Jennifer L; Clark, Daniel J; Morgan, Stephen P; Crowe, John A; Murphy, Elizabeth


    The healthcare industry is dependent upon the provision of well designed medical devices. To achieve this it is recommended that user-centred design should begin early, and continue throughout device development. This is a challenge, particularly for smaller companies who may lack the necessary expertise and knowledge. The aim of this study was to conduct a rigorous yet focused investigation into the user requirements for a new medical imaging device. Open-ended semi-structured interviews were conducted with potential clinical users of the device to investigate the clinical need for the device and the potential benefits for patients and clinical users. The study identified a number of new and significant clinical needs that suggested that the concept of the device should be fundamentally changed. The clinical and organisational priorities of the clinical users were identified, as well as a number of factors that would act as barriers to the safe and effective adoption of the device. The developers reported that this focused approach to early requirements elicitation would result in an improved product, reduce the time to market, and save the time and cost of producing and evaluating an inappropriate prototype. Copyright © 2011 Elsevier Ltd and The Ergonomics Society. All rights reserved.

  3. Local industry in global networks : changing competitiveness, corporate strategies and pathways of development in Singapore and Malaysia's garment industry

    Smakman, Floortje


    The garment industry in Singapore and Malaysia has been incorporated into global production networks and commodity chains - driven by large US and European garment companies - since the 1960s and 1970s respectively. The industry was an intricate part of the export led industrialisation strategies ad

  4. Local industry in global networks : changing competitiveness, corporate strategies and pathways of development in Singapore and Malaysia's garment industry

    Smakman, Floortje


    The garment industry in Singapore and Malaysia has been incorporated into global production networks and commodity chains - driven by large US and European garment companies - since the 1960s and 1970s respectively. The industry was an intricate part of the export led industrialisation strategies ad

  5. Local industry in global networks : changing competitiveness, corporate strategies and pathways of development in Singapore and Malaysia's garment industry

    Smakman, Floortje


    The garment industry in Singapore and Malaysia has been incorporated into global production networks and commodity chains - driven by large US and European garment companies - since the 1960s and 1970s respectively. The industry was an intricate part of the export led industrialisation strategies

  6. Comparative Research on Regional Competitiveness of Industrial Design Industry in China%工业设计产业区域竞争优势比较研究



    运用波特钻石模型理论确定影响设计产业竞争优势的关键因素,开发量表并设计问卷,完成珠三角和长三角设计产业竞争优势比较研究。分析显示:两地制造业和国际设计需求相对不足,设计企业经营管理和竞争策略颇为类似,政府设计促进政策实效不佳;但长三角在设计师薪酬、产业配套和发展机遇方面优于珠三角,其产业整体竞争力亦强于珠三角。%The key factors influencing design industries' competitiveness is demonstrated using diamond model by M.E. Porter to develop scales and to design questionnaire, The statistics analysis reveals that there are the common grounds between the two regions, such as the limited international and manufacturing sector' s design need and the similar management and competitive policies of design houses and the ineffective governmental design policies. Whereas the design industry in Yangtze River Delta excels the one in Pearl River Delta on designers' salary and relevant supporting industries and developing chance, the former' s comprehensive competitiveness is superior to the latter as well.

  7. Technology partnerships: Enhancing the competitiveness, efficiency, and environmental quality of American industry. Executive summary



    This document briefly describes the Department of Energy`s (DOE`s) Office of Industrial Technologies (OIT) program. It profiles the energy, economic, and environmental characteristics of OIT`s principal customers--the materials and process industries--that consume nearly 80% of all energy used by industry in the US. OIT-supported research, development, and demonstration (RD and D) activities relating to these industries are described as well as OIT`s crosscutting technology programs that target the needs of multiple US industries. Quantitative estimates of the potential benefits (or metrics) to US industry of many current OIT-supported technologies are also discussed.

  8. Keeping a Competitive U.S. Military Aircraft Industry Aloft: Findings from an Analysis of the Industrial Base


    studies have observed that competition for engi- neering talent from such high-tech firms as Google, Apple , and Oracle, coupled with the need to hire...simple products: drugs, iPods , consumer staples, and the like. These products are nothing like mili- tary fixed-wing aircraft in terms of complexity...teams are used like scouts, plotting the companies’ path in the innovation land- scape. Apple , for example, uses X teams to explore how new technolo

  9. Relevance between the degree of industrial competition and fair value information: Study on the listed companies in China

    Xuemin Zhuang


    Full Text Available Purpose: The purpose of this article is to study whether there exists natural relationship between fair value and corporate external market. A series of special phenomenon in the application of fair value arouses our research interests, which present evidences on how competition affects the correlation of fair value information. Design/methodology/approach: this thesis chooses fair value changes gains and losses and calculate the ratio of DFVPSit as the alternative variable of the fair value. In order to effectively inspect the mutual influence between the degree of industry competition and the value relevance of fair value, and reduce the impact of multi-collinearity, we built a regression model on the hypothesis, which supposes that if other conditions are the same, the fair value information has greater value relevance if the degree of the industry competition is greater. To test the hypothesis, we use the comparison of the DFVPSit coefficient absolute value to judge the value relevance of fair value information, and the greater the absolute value is, the higher relevance between the changes in fair value per share profits and losses with the stock prices. Findings: The higher the degree of competition in the industry is, the more fair value information relevance is. Also, there are evidences representing that fair value information often presents negative correlation with the stock price. Originality/value: The main contribution of the article is to show that not only need we make the formulation and implementation of the high quality of fair value accounting standards to suit for both the national conditions and international practice, but also need we further to improve the company's external governance mechanism to promote fair value’s information correlation.

  10. Emerging Competitive Strategies in the Global Luxury Industry in the Perspective of Sustainable Development: the Case of Kering Group

    Roberta PEZZETTI


    Full Text Available In the last years, many drivers should motivate luxury companies to engage in more sustainable practices. On the one hand, consumers seek new forms of luxury that shows respect for natural resources and human beings, yet standing by traditional factors such as quality, creativity, originality, craftsmanship and savoirfaire. The recent economic crisis has thrust the consumers towards the search for responsible luxury. In the new economic and competitive scenario, luxury brands would base their identity and image on a set of values through which they should be known and publicly judged by both clients and the market; sustainable development and corporate social responsibility strategies offer a particularly suitable platform to enrich the value-set of luxury brands. In this framework, the luxury industry is undergoing a process of self-analysis and redefinition of competitive strategies in the light of social responsibility and sustainable dimension. In order to create both financial and non-financial value, sustainable development needs to be incorporated in the core strategy of the firm and its core business. In this perspective, the paper provides an analysis of the main drivers that, in the luxury industry, are leading to a growing integration of social responsibility and sustainable development principles in the competitive strategies of luxury firms. In particular, the paper focuses on innovations emerging in the luxury industry, both at strategic and organizational levels, and provides an overview of new emerging innovative business models coherent with the principles of corporate social responsibility and sustainability. The theoretical analysis is supported by presentation of the case of the French Group Kering, which represents a pioneering example in sustainable development applied to competitive strategies and leading brand management practices.

  11. Competitive capabilities among manufacturing plants in developing, emerging, and industrialized countries : A comparative analysis

    Schoenherr, T.; Power, D.; Narasimhan, R.; Samson, D.


    Competitive capabilities have been defined as a plant's actual performance relative to its competitors, with the most commonly investigated capabilities being quality, delivery, flexibility, and cost. However, most research in this realm has investigated capabilities within developed countries, and


    K. B. Dobrova


    Full Text Available The article stresses the importance and urgency of implementing knowledge management systems for aviation enterprises to enhance the competitive advantages of aircraft. Conservation promotes knowledge management system (SMZ, developed and approved by the national standard of the Russian Federation GOST R 53894-2010 «Knowledge Management. Terms and definitions». A formula for the calculation of some indicators of competitiveness.

  13. Organizational Cultural Intelligence: A Competitive Capability for Strategic Alliances in the International Construction Industry

    Yitman, İbrahim


    Cultural intelligence (CQ) on the organizational level is an organization's capacity to reconfigure its capability to function and manage effectively in culturally diverse environments and to gain and sustain its competitive advantages. This study aims to present a model, examining how organizational CQ through competitiveness framework might potentially affect the strategic alliancing ability of contracting firms operating abroad. The research involves a questionnaire survey conducted with t...

  14. M&A as a driver of global competition in the brewing industry

    Madsen, Erik Strøjer; Pedersen, Kurt; Lund-Thomsen, Lars

    The international beer brewing industry has experienced massive changes over the last decade. Industry concentration has increased dramatically, and the leading brewer groups have globalised their operations across virtually all continents. The paper describes the development and puts...... it into an industrial economics framework. Based on a major data base the paper further assesses the effects of M&A strategies in the global beer industry....

  15. Natural gas industry transformation, competitive institutions and the role of regulation: lessons from open access in US natural gas markets

    De Vaney, A. (Massachusetts Inst. of Tech., Cambridge, MA (United States) California Univ., Irvine, CA (United States)); Walls, W.D. (Hong Kong Univ. (Hong Kong))


    Open access pipeline transport transformed the US natural gas industry. This paper examines the role that transport rights played in the industry's transformation. It documents the convergence of gas field prices, pooling area prices and city gate prices that has occurred since the adoption of open access. The analysis suggests the most important reasons for this convergence to be the fact that direct dealing between gas suppliers and users has replaced the pipeline merchant; that gas transactions are made within a competitive market institution; and that transport trading has created an interconnected grid of pipelines in place of the closed and disconnected grid that preceded open access. This open and interconnected grid supplied the means for price arbitrage. These changes have made natural gas markets contestable. The conclusions about the role of regulation in an industry organized around transferable transport rights extend to natural gas markets beyond those in North America. (Author)

  16. Building Competitive Advantages CEIBS Holds the 2004 CEIBS China Automotive Industry Forum


    @@ Second consecutive CEIBS China Automotive Industry Forum was held in Novermber 22 at the school's Shang hai campus. Following last year's success, this year there are more than 200 local and international participants including: auto manufacturers, component suppliers, government officials, industry experts and researchers, who have gathered today to discuss issues in the country's automotive industry.

  17. Impacts of the EU emissions trading scheme on the industrial competitiveness in Germany

    Graichen, Verena; Schumacher, Katja; Matthes, Felix C.; Mohr, Lennart [Oeko Institut e.V., Berlin (Germany); Duscha, Vicky; Schleich, Joachim [Fraunhofer-Institut fuer Systemtechnik und Innovationsforschung (ISI), Karlsruhe (Germany); Diekmann, Jochen [DIW, Berlin (Germany)


    The authors of the contribution under consideration present a discussion of methods, and provide empirical results for the analysis of effects of the EU Emissions Trading Scheme on product costs and subsequent impacts on international competitiveness. The discussion shows that the combination of intensity of trade indicators and value at stake indicators reveals meaningful results that allow assessing the potential for distortion in competitiveness by the EU Emissions Trading Schemes. The analysis of trade intensities and value at stake showed that a small number of sectors may in fact be exposed to distortions in competitiveness due to both high trade intensity and high value at stake. For Germany, these include 'basic iron and steel', 'fertilizers and nitrogen compounds', 'paper and paperboard', 'aluminium and aluminium products' and 'other basic inorganic chemicals'. A number of other sectors reveal a high intensity of trade but low value at stake which implies that the increase in product costs due to the EU Emissions Trading Scheme is relatively small and negative effects on competitiveness may not be likely. For the sectors that reveal high values at stake and high trade intensities, market positions are likely to change under the EU Emissions Trading system due to increased production costs and high exposure to international competition. When deciding on which sectors are highly exposed to possible distortions in competitiveness and which measures should be implemented to address competitiveness and leakage it should be kept in mind that CO{sub 2} costs are only one of multiple factors affecting companies' production and investment decisions. Other factors that may deserve detailed investigation include product differentiation and market segmentation within a sector (including specialty products), close cooperation with domestic/European partners and intrafirm trade, differences across countries in the

  18. Industrial property as competitiveness factor, current situation and prospects; Propiedad industrial como factor de competitividad situacion actual y perspectivas

    Casado Cervino, A.


    Throughout this paper, we analyze what is the status of IP in national and international levels and the number and origin of IP applications. This analysis allows to state that our country needs a change in the current economic model in which IP rights must be central. Moreover, this is the purpose of PI Plan 2010-2012: Plan for the Promotion of Industrial Property in Spain, an initiative of the Ministry of Industry, Tourism and Trade approved by the Council of Ministers on March 9, 2010- designed to strengthen the IP in the Spanish economy. (Author) 35 refs.

  19. Comparative Study on the Competitiveness of Romanian and Bulgarian Tourism Industry

    Adina Berbeniciuc-Mititiuc


    Full Text Available Tourism is one of the most important sectors of the global economy, given its contribution as the main generator of jobs and sustainable development path for developing countries. Many experts consider this sector as one of the sectors with the greatest potential to deliver internationally development and economic growth. Thus, tourism can be an important driver of economic growth and prosperity, especially in emerging economies, and a key element in reducing poverty and regional disparities. Despite its potential contribution to economic growth, development of the tourism sector may be hampered by a number of economic and legal barriers that can affect its competitiveness. In this context, the World Economic Forum proposes, through the Tourism Competitiveness Index (TCI, in addition to a methodology for identifying key factors that contribute to increasing the competitiveness of tourism, also tools for analysis and evaluation of these factors. Thus, this study aims at analyzing the determinants underlying TCI in terms of two directly competing states, Romania and Bulgaria, to highlight the positive effects through the benefits of the analyzed markets, in terms of competitiveness in tourism sector. The purpose of this analysis is to provide some answers, especially from the perspective of the necessity of strategies that should be adopted on market competitiveness in the two countries and the exposure of the factors that could explain the different performance of the two national economies in the tourism sector.

  20. Analysis of inter-country input-output table based on citation network: How to measure the competition and collaboration between industrial sectors on the global value chain.

    Xing, Lizhi


    The input-output table is comprehensive and detailed in describing the national economic system with complex economic relationships, which embodies information of supply and demand among industrial sectors. This paper aims to scale the degree of competition/collaboration on the global value chain from the perspective of econophysics. Global Industrial Strongest Relevant Network models were established by extracting the strongest and most immediate industrial relevance in the global economic system with inter-country input-output tables and then transformed into Global Industrial Resource Competition Network/Global Industrial Production Collaboration Network models embodying the competitive/collaborative relationships based on bibliographic coupling/co-citation approach. Three indicators well suited for these two kinds of weighted and non-directed networks with self-loops were introduced, including unit weight for competitive/collaborative power, disparity in the weight for competitive/collaborative amplitude and weighted clustering coefficient for competitive/collaborative intensity. Finally, these models and indicators were further applied to empirically analyze the function of sectors in the latest World Input-Output Database, to reveal inter-sector competitive/collaborative status during the economic globalization.

  1. Ireland – industrial competitiveness in a small open economy (NIRSA) Working Paper Series. No. 44

    Cassidy, John; Barry, Frank; Van Egeraat, Chris


    The Irish economy has boomed in recent years based on a strategy of attracting FDI, and has become a model economy particularly for EU accession countries. This chapter sets out to provide a deeper understanding of Ireland’s success in the context of Porter’s Diamond Model of national competitiveness. A number of analyses have been done in Ireland on the relevance of Porter’s Diamond theory to national competitiveness. O’Connell, van Egeraat and Enright (1997) adopted a Porter Diamond analysi...

  2. Dynamics of competitive strategies in de-regulated industries: the case of the electricity industry in France; Dynamique des strategies concurrentielles dans un contexte de liberalisation: le cas de l'industrie electrique en France

    Cateura, O


    This research work is focused on the competitive dynamics approach and rivalry studies between competitors. It develops theses recent perspectives and particularly multi-market competition (also called multipoint competition) in de-regulated industries (network utilities). Indeed, competitive behaviours in liberalized industries are still badly-known. To conduct this research, we decided to analyze a selection of companies (EDF, Electrabel, Endesa, Enel, Gaz de France, Poweo, Direct Energie..) settled on the French electricity market presently in the course of liberalization (1996 - 2006). This qualitative research, through longitudinal case studies, has been developed thanks to a CIFRE agreement (between the French Ministry of Research and the firm Electrabel France) including action research and participant observation. Using multidimensional strategic sequences, we identified two periods, the first one characterized by a confrontation movement and a second one by mutual forbearance. We argue that after learning the rules of a newly liberalized market (confrontation, diversification, internationalization), competitors rapidly and collectively shift there positions towards a focused European strategy based on the gas-electricity convergence. The development of multi-market competition has conducted to mutual forbearance, which was particularly profitable to the major participants. Integrated strategy (market and non-market) appears as an important driver for legitimizing theses behaviours. (author)

  3. Stakeholder supportiveness and strategic vulnerability: implications for competitive strategy in the HMO industry.

    Whitehead, C J; Blair, J D; Smith, R R; Nix, T W; Savage, G T


    A conceptual and empirical analysis of the strategic vulnerability of HMOs shows that they are strategically vulnerable on the social dimension of stakeholder supportiveness. One of the major implications of this finding is that HMOs' cost leadership strategy cannot be sustained, given the competition from such substitutes as PPAs.

  4. Competitiveness of the EU egg industry. International comparison base year 2013

    Horne, van P.L.M.


    In this report the impact of reducing or removing import tariffs on the competitiveness of the EU egg sector is studied. The results show that the offer price of whole egg powder in 2013 of some third countries is close to the average EU price. Despite the current import tariffs on whole egg powder,

  5. Using the pallet costing system to determine costs and stay competitive in the pallet industry

    A. Jefferson Jr. Palmer; Bruce G. Hansen; Bruce G. Hansen


    In order to stay competitive and keep production costs at a minimum, wood pallet manufacturers must plan, monitor, and control their various production activities. Cost information on pallet manufacturing operations, must be gathered and analyzed so that the plant manager can determine whether certain activities are efficient and profitable. The Pallet Costing System (...

  6. Competition in the Cross-Channel Industry--A Case Study Exercise.

    Lyons, Adrian


    Presents a case study classroom exercise using the theme of price/non-price competition and based on a poster advertisement of the Eurotunnel. Recommends this exercise for use with fourth year General Certificate of Secondary Education (GCSE). Suggests the follow-up activities of class discussion and designing an advertising campaign. (KO)

  7. How Increased Competition from Generic Drugs Has Affected Prices and Returns in the Pharmaceutical Industry


    are also at a present discounted value in 1990 dollars. 17. Z. John Lu and William S. Comanor, Strategic Pricing of New Pharmaceuticals , Working...competed were available at a lower price. 24. Lu and Comanor, Strategic Pricing of New Pharmaceuticals . CHAPTER THREE PRICING AND COMPETITION IN

  8. Performance of the Life Insurance Industry Under Pressure : Efficiency, Competition, and Consolidation

    Bikker, Jacob A.


    This article investigates efficiency and competition in the Dutch life insurance market by estimating unused scale economies and measuring efficiency-market share dynamics during 1995-2010. Large unused scale economies exist for small- and medium-sized life insurers, indicating that further consolid

  9. Turkish confection industry in Amsterdam: the rise and fall of a perfectly competitive labour market

    Hartog, J.; Zorlu, A.


    While the Dutch textile industry declined rapidly, Turkish entrepreneurs created a growing industry for fashion goods with highly flexible demand in an informal sector that was initially tolerated by the autorities and attracted many undocumented immigrants. It led to the unusual spectacle of a

  10. Competitive Patterns in the Danish Organic Industry & its Usefulness in Predicting Development in other EU Markets

    Vestergaard, Jens; Linneberg, Mai Skjøtt


    . During the period 1987-2002 the development in the organic industry has undergone dramatic changes. In the beginning many small new businesses dominated the area. Presently, there is a remarkable concentration of cooperative monopolies and oligopolies from the conventional industry dominating...

  11. Cost competitive “soft sensor” for determining product recovery in industrial methanol

    S.B.A. Udugama, Isuru; Mansouri, Seyed Soheil; Huusom, Jakob Kjøbsted


    The measurement of ratio of product recovery in industrial methanol distillation is of high economic importance and represent a key performance index (KPI) of the distillation unit. In current operations, the product recovery of many industrial distillation units are not actively monitored, instead...

  12. Competitividade industrial de Minas Gerais no período 1985-2000: um enfoque econométrico Industrial competitiveness in Minas Gerais in 1985-2000: an econometric approach

    Eduardo Gonçalves


    Full Text Available This paper presents an econometric analysis of competitiveness indicators related to entrepreneurial efficiency, specially those associated with relative potential competitiveness. Such indicators are obtained by means of the relation between real wage series and labor productivity in the state of Minas Gerais compared to the national indicators. This test is applied to data collected from the Pesquisa Industrial Mensal (Monthly Industrial Survey conducted by the IBGE (the Brazilian statistics agency. The econometric characteristics of the competitiveness indicators series are analyzed using the Augmented Dickey-Fuller and Perron tests. The date of break is endogenously determined. The results are different according to the industrial sector under consideration, moment of structural adjustment in 1985-2000, and the existence or absence of an increasing or a decreasing trajectory for industrial competitiveness.

  13. Research on the competitiveness and development strategy of china's modern coal chemical industry

    Wang, Q.; Han, Y. J.; Yu, Z. F.


    China's modern coal chemical industry has grown into a certain scale after over a decade of development, and remarkable progress has been made in key technologies. But as oil price collapsed since 2015, the economic benefit of the industry also slumped, with loud controversies in China over the necessity of modern coal chemical industry. The research believes that the modern coal chemical industry plays a positive role in the clean and sustainable exploitation of coal in China. It makes profit when oil price is no lower than 60/bbl, and outperforms petrochemical in terms of cost effectiveness when the price is between 60/bbl and 80/bbl. Given the low oil price and challenges posed by environmental protection and water restraints, we suggest that the state announce a guideline quickly, with adjusted tax policies and an encouragement to technological innovation, so that the modern coal chemical industry in China can grow sound and stable.

  14. The competitiveness of the Icelandic film industry Samkeppnishæfni íslenska kvikmyndaiðnaðarins

    Konráð Pálmason


    Full Text Available The Icelandic film industry is at a crossroad at the moment. Heavy cutbacks in government funding will lead to a lower number of films and TV programs being produced and fewer people being employed by the industry. This will lead to less growth and will limit progress. Last decade domestic and foreign revenues of the Icelandic filming industry are estimated to have been about 9 billion ISK. The main objective of this research was to study the competitiveness of the Icelandic filmindustry and to what degree it was built on cluster formation. The research was qualitative. A number of interviews were conducted with key participants in the film industry. The Icelandic film industry is in some ways competitive. One of its strengths is the simple and efficient system of reinbursements from the State Treasury of the production costs incurred in Iceland. Other strengths are for example exotic film locations with good access. Good infrastructure, minimum red tape and industrious and skilled workers have a positive influence on the industry´s competitiveness. The weaknesses are that there is little in the way of film cluster formation and little awareness concerning possible synergistic effects which could improve the industry´s competitiveness. The local market is small and demand conditions volatile which limit the industry´s growth. Reimbursements from the State Treasury of the production costs incurred in Iceland need to increase from 20% to 25-30% in order for the film industry to gain competitive advantage internationally. The general macroeconomic environment in Iceland, such as an unstable currency and currency restrictions, has reduced the competitiveness of the film industry. At the same time the low value of the ISK has been beneficial. The findings have practical implications for both the industry and the government.Kvikmyndaiðnaðurinn á Íslandi stendur á tímamótum. Mikill niðurskurður á fjárframlögum hins opinbera til

  15. Competitive Strategies in the Luxury Sector: a Qualitative Comparative Analysis on the Fashion Industry

    Margherita ANGIONI


    Full Text Available Despite the difficult economic period, companies in luxury sector are showing better results than those in the consumer products market. The objective of this paper is to analyse the competitive strategies in the luxury sector and in particular, in the personal luxury. To this end, we have chosen to study the case of an Italian company (Tod's Group, leader in the personal luxury according to consumers perception. Basing on a theoretical model of competitive strategy, this study shows a comparison with the strategic choices of three main competitors of Tod's, which offer products with similar values (Made in Italy, exclusivity and high craftsmanship; they are listed companies; they derive from a family business and the family still holds the company's control. The analysis highlights the ability of the Tod's Group in valorizing its capabilities and skills, and the ability of the management to exploit the available relational network.

  16. Mexico; Financial Sector Assessment Program Update: Technical Note: Industrial Organization and Competition: Pension System in Mexico

    International Monetary Fund


    The technical note on Mexico’s Financial Sector Assessment Program update analyzes that the private pension system’s regulator in Mexico has introduced innovate rules. Mexico, as with many other countries in Latin America, has adopted an individual capitalization pension system. The design of these pension reforms confers the administration of pension funds to private companies. Under these schemes, competition plays a key role, keeping prices low, a good quality of service, and an effici...

  17. Strategic Financial Performance Evaluation of the Iranian automotive industry Using Imperialist competitive Algorithm

    Meysam Kaviani; Maziyar Yazdani


    Purpose. This paper evaluates strategic financial performance of 10 Iranian stock exchange listed automotive companies over the period 2005-2009 at the hand of value-creating performance indicators and the Free Cash Flow derived value indicators.Design. To this effect, profiting from the Imperialist Competitive Algorithm (ICA), the understudy companies were assigned to three clusters in terms of debt structure, firm size, and growth opportunitiesFindings. The results, in general, indicate a s...

  18. Technology partnerships: Enhancing the competitiveness, efficiency, and environmental quality of American industry



    An overview of the Department of Energy`s Office of Industrial Technologies and its private sector partnerships is presented. Commercial success stories and real-world benefits of the technology partnerships are discussed.


    B.Y. Tatarskyh


    Full Text Available The article is devoted to research of processes of full-fledged entering of the domestic industrial enterprises in the international division of labour, absence of the system-defined and situational approach to an estimation of potential of foreign trade activities in economy with transformational processes, practical complexities of realization of the state-private partnership concept as element of the state industrial policy of the countries in conditions of globalization.

  20. Culinary Workshop as a Competitive Advantage of Tourism Industry in the South Karelia Region of Finland

    Lvov, Anatoly


    Culinary workshop is a new form of modern hospitality industry, which combines modern knowledge in tourism industry with culinary tourism. This project is based on the interest of the consumer and his desire to learn something new, get and experience gastronomy traditions through travelling for culinary workshop. Mission of this project is to convey to the consumer new knowledge, new skill, new interest, opportunities in life through culinary art. Culinary workshops will be descri...

  1. Speedup in competitiveness slowdown in export growth China’s wool industry in first four months

    Shang; Lin’aiyi


    The wool textile production has always been one of the underpinnings of China’s industrial chain.At present,with more than four million wool spindles,China’s wool industry is already ahead of the world in terms of quantity.Besides, it’s also featured by the integral system,large production scale,high-quality but relatively lower-cost labor force and

  2. Industry Clusters in Ireland: An Application of Porter's Model of National Competitive Advantage to Three Sectors

    Clancy, Paula; O'Malley, Eoin; O'Connell, Larry; Van Egeraat, Chris


    This paper examines the importance of industrial clusters, and the relevance of Porter’s diamond model, in the context of the small open economy of Ireland. It analyses the experience of three relatively successful Irish indigenous sectors and it considers to what extent have clusters of related or connected industries been important in accounting for the degree of success attained in Ireland. We do not find evidence of well-developed clusters of the type described by Porter, and ...

  3. Culinary Workshop as a Competitive Advantage of Tourism Industry in the South Karelia Region of Finland

    Lvov, Anatoly


    Culinary workshop is a new form of modern hospitality industry, which combines modern knowledge in tourism industry with culinary tourism. This project is based on the interest of the consumer and his desire to learn something new, get and experience gastronomy traditions through travelling for culinary workshop. Mission of this project is to convey to the consumer new knowledge, new skill, new interest, opportunities in life through culinary art. Culinary workshops will be descri...

  4. Industrial grand challenges: A competitiveness strategy for the DOE national laboratories

    Werne, R.W.


    The Cold War has been won; won in part by superior technology; superior technology such as that found in the DOE national laboratories. However, new challenges face the country, for it is clear that our historic notions of national security have changed to include economic security as well as defense. Economic security means that our industries are able to successfully compete in international markets in order to provide a high domestic standard of living. It is also recognized that US industries must achieve and maintain a leadership in technology and that the technology base of the DOE national laboratories must now be mobilized to support US industry. Once again the laboratories are called upon to support the country in a time of need. Because of this need we are seeing a significant change in mission for the Department of Energy national laboratories in their role as problem solvers for the nation. In particular, the Defense Programs (DP) national labs (Lawrence Livermore, Los Alamos, Sandia National Laboratories, and Martin Marietta Energy Systems Y-12) are moving from dosed institutions to open centers with significant resources ready to support US industry more vigorously than ever before. The DP laboratories are enthusiastic about their new mission and are reaching out to industry in an effort to understand industries` needs and find applications for Laboratory skills and technologies.

  5. Sustaining Competitiveness: Moving Towards Upstream Manufacturing in Specialized-Market-Based Clusters in the Chinese Toy Industry

    Huasheng Zhu


    Full Text Available Western industrial cluster literature pays little attention to specialized markets (SMs and the geographical agglomeration of distributors or sale agencies (SAs. This paper takes Linyin, Shandong, a famous commodity city in Northeastern China, as an example, to discuss the determinants that make SAs in SMs of the toy industry move towards upstream manufacturing. A structured questionnaire survey and subsequent interviews were carried out during 2011 and 2012 to collect data, and a Binary Logistic Regression Model was used to process the data. This paper looks from the perspective of global production networks theory, establishes an analytical framework that combines individual motivations of intra-firm coordination, local inter-firm relationships and dynamic cross-regional level relationships. The findings indicate that the expansion of SAs towards manufacturing allows them to sustain competitiveness under changing circumstances. The local inter-firm relationships within SM-based clusters not only makes it easy to obtain material and human resources with lower manufacturing costs, but also facilitates the access to production knowledge and technologies for an expansion of production scale. Cross-regional relationships with suppliers provide an informal channel for SAs to obtain skills, which is fundamental for an expansion into manufacturing. In addition, it is a preference for strengthening competitiveness rather than the simple pursuit of economic profit that encourages SAs to invest in manufacturing.

  6. Japanese and American competition in the development of scroll compressors and its impact on the American air conditioning industry

    Ushimaru, Kenji (Energy International, Inc., Bellevue, WA (USA))


    This report examines the technological development of scroll compressors and its impact on the air conditioning equipment industry. Scroll compressors, although considered to be the compressors of the future for energy-efficient residential heat pumps and possibly for many other applications, are difficult to manufacture on a volume-production base. The manufacturing process requires computer-aided, numerically controlled tools for high-precision fabrication of major parts. Japan implemented a global strategy for dominating the technological world market in the 1970s, and scroll compressor technology benefited from the advent of new-generation machine tools. As a result, if American manufacturers of scroll compressors purchase or are essentially forced to purchase numerically controlled tools from Japan in the future, they will then become dependent on their own competitors because the same Japanese conglomerates that make numerically controlled tools also make scroll compressors. This study illustrates the importance of the basic machine tool industry to the health of the US economy. Without a strong machine tool industry, it is difficult for American manufacturers to put innovations, whether patented or not, into production. As we experience transformation in the air conditioning and refrigeration market, it will be critical to establish a consistent national policy to provide healthy competition among producers, to promote innovation within the industry, to enhance assimilation of new technology, and to eliminate practices that are incompatible with these goals. 72 refs., 8 figs., 1 tab.

  7. The Impact of Intellectual Capital, Social Capital and Psychological Capital on Competitive Advantage of Vehicle Industries in Tehran Stock Exchange (TSE

    Saeid Jabbarzadeh Kangarlouei


    Full Text Available The purpose of this study is to investigate the impact of intellectual capital (IC, social capital and psychological capital (PC on competitive advantage of vehicle industries in Tehran Stock Exchange (TSE. Considering the features of today world, increasing competitive advantage is absolute challenge of firms because more emphasis on natural resources and relative advantages may not lead to value creation. In this regard, firms should consider competitive advantage and the factors of its creation. The research method of this study is correlation and population consists of four vehicle companies of Bahman Group, Saypa, Irankhodro and Tractorsazi. SPSS software and Pierson coefficient of correlation and multiple regressions are used to test hypotheses. The results of the study show that there is not a significant relationship between IC and competitive advantage. However, there is positive and weak relationship between social capital and competitive advantage. In addition, our findings show that PC explains 13 percent of competitive advantage.

  8. Representation of the notion of competition in adapted sport by physical education and sports teachers in the centres of inclusive education in Timişoara and in the Timiş County

    Simona Petracovschi


    Full Text Available The notion of competition has various connotations within adapted sports and varies from the Paralympic Sports to the Special Olympics. The purpose of this research is to analyse the way in which adapted sports is perceived by P.E. and sports teachers from the school centres of inclusive education in the Timiş county. The pupils of these centres have intellectual disabilities and can take part in sportive competitions such as the Special Olympics that are organized according to the athletes’ abilities by using ‘divisioning’ (splitting into value groups according to sportive abilities. By using the semi-directive interview method, 6 teachers (3 female, 3 male from Timişoara and the Timiş county were interviewed, each having between 8 and 40 years’ worth of teaching experience. The thematic analysis of the interviews has highlighted the fact that without a concrete specialization in the field of adaptive physical education and sports and only based on a course of special psycho-pedagogy, the teachers have tried to conceive by themselves a curriculum based on the one given the Ministry of Education on physical education and sports for general education schools, this being also reflected on the Special Olympics competitions in which teachers can take part with pupils in order to win, this representing the main objective of their involvement and participation in competitions.

  9. Economic factor environmental protection. Productivity of the German environmental and climate protection industry in international competition; Wirtschaftsfaktor Umweltschutz. Leistungsfaehigkeit der deutschen Umwelt- und Klimaschutzwirtschaft im internationalen Vergleich

    Legler, Harald; Krawczyk, Olaf [Niedersaechsisches Institut fuer Wirtschaftsforschung (NIW), Hannover (Germany); Walz, Rainer; Eichhammer, Wolfgang; Frietsch, Rainer [Fraunhofer Institut fuer System- und Innovationsforschung (ISI), Karlsruhe (Germany)


    The analysis on the economic factor environment and the German environmental industry on international competition is faced to methodological limits, since the environmental industry does not present itself as an homogeneous sector. The study is organized in the following chapters: introduction - the importance of environmental industry; classification of environmental and climate protection industry; productivity volume and production structure; international competition for potential environmental protection products; environmental protection industry and innovative performance. Integrated environmental solutions are of increasing significance, avoiding emissions and products and production process from beginning on. All known forecast indicate an expansive market development. In addition the rising prices for crude oil may push the search for innovative solutions to substitute fossil energy sources. The environmental industry should look for globally transferable solutions in order to promote global sustainable growth.

  10. Culture, industrial policy and international competitiveness of Colombian Pyme’s (SME’s Cultura, política industrial y competitividad internacional de las pyme en Colombia

    Luis Fernanado Bustamante Zapata


    Full Text Available So far the analysis related to the PyME production has focused on its components:organization, policies and technology. All these elements are considered as support for thePyMEs’ economic, productive and social management (Cardona, Cano, Ramírez, & Gutiérrez,2006. Thus, they help to determine the Colombian PyMEs’ relative competitiveness in theglobalized environment. This article pursues the establishment of cultural variables thataffect the production in the international business context through the analytic-syntheticmethod, in order to unravel the possible impact in terms of competitiveness as an industrialpolicy element.Hasta el momento, el análisis acerca de los mundos de producción de las pyme ha girado en torno a sus componentes, organización, políticas y tecnología, considerados soportes de la gestión económica, productiva y social de dichas empresas. Por ende, vistas así las pyme, se facilita la determinación de su relativa competitividad en el entorno globalizado. El propósito de este artículo es establecer cuáles variables culturales afectan los mundos de producción en el contexto de los negocios internacionales de las compañías colombianas. El estudio se realizó a partir del método analítico–sintético con el objetivo de desentrañar el posible impacto en términos de competitividad desde el elemento política industrial.   ABSTRACT So far the analysis related to the PyME production has focused on its components: organization, policies and technology. All these elements are considered as support for the PyMEs’ economic, productive and social management (Cardona, Cano, Ramírez, & Gutiérrez, 2006. Thus, they help to determine the Colombian PyMEs’ relative competitiveness in the globalized environment. This article pursues the establishment of cultural variables that affect the production in the international business context through the analytic-synthetic method, in order to unravel the possible impact

  11. Application of the cyclic theory and the theory of competitive advantages to the forecasting the directions of innovation development of the pulp and paper industry

    А.R. Dunska


    Full Text Available Two basic approaches to forecasting the innovative development of industries: cyclic theory and theory of competitive advantages are identified and analyzed in the article. The necessity of taking into account the specific of industries in predicting their innovative development is substantiated. Basic theoretical concepts are used to predict the development of the pulp and paper industry. It is proposed classification of innovative types of companies that helps to the form the direction of innovative development.

  12. Cost competitive “soft sensor” for determining product recovery in industrial methanol

    S.B.A. Udugama, Isuru; Mansouri, Seyed Soheil; Huusom, Jakob Kjøbsted


    product recovery. In this work a novel, simple and economical method based on density and flow rate measurements to calculate the product recovery of industrial methanol distillation columns has been developed. This method has been validated against plant measurements as well as a validated process......The measurement of ratio of product recovery in industrial methanol distillation is of high economic importance and represent a key performance index (KPI) of the distillation unit. In current operations, the product recovery of many industrial distillation units are not actively monitored, instead...... back calculated from daily production reports. The active monitoring of product recovery can be a costly affair as it requires expensive gas chromatographs and accurate feed mass flow measuring devices to be installed. Historically, this has been one of the key reasons for not actively monitoring...

  13. 14th March 2011 - Australian Senator the Hon. K. Carr Minister for Innovation, Industry, Science and Research in the ATLAS Visitor Centre with Collaboration Spokesperson F. Gianotti,visiting the SM18 area with G. De Rijk,the Computing centre with Department Head F. Hemmer, signing the guest book with Director-General R. Heuer with Head of International relations F. Pauss

    Jean-claude Gadmer


    14th March 2011 - Australian Senator the Hon. K. Carr Minister for Innovation, Industry, Science and Research in the ATLAS Visitor Centre with Collaboration Spokesperson F. Gianotti,visiting the SM18 area with G. De Rijk,the Computing centre with Department Head F. Hemmer, signing the guest book with Director-General R. Heuer with Head of International relations F. Pauss

  14. The incoming global technological and industrial revolution towards competitive sustainable manufacturing

    Jovane, F.; Yoshikawa, H.; Alting, Leo


    , knowledge-based, competitive sustainable manufacturing (CSM) has been widely considered as main enabler. This paper presents the necessary steps from economic growth to sustainable development. The reference model for proactive action (RMfPA) is proposed to develop and implement CSM, at national and global......The major global challenges we are facing today need to be addressed in the multifaceted context of economy, society, environment and technology (ESET). In recent years, the consensus of calling for sustainable development(SD) and implementation has emerged. Along with this belief, high added value...

  15. Wine Industry Competitiveness: A survey of the Shawnee Hills American Viticultural Area

    C. Matthew Rendleman


    Shawnee Hill׳s AVA winery owner/operators regard increases in regional tourism, growth in the US wine market continuous innovation, unique services and processes, and flow of information from customers to have the most enhancing effects on their businesses, and that confidence/trust in Illinois state political systems, tax systems, and administrative/bureaucratic regulations were the most constraining factors. Furthermore the Shawnee Hills AVA has growing competition, yet consists of innovative winery owners. It may currently lack external financial support, but with a community focus on product differentiation, the Shawnee Hills AVA has a chance, owners believe, to capture a portion of the growing market for regional products.

  16. Energy efficiency business options for industrial end users in Latin American competitive energy markets: The case of Colombia

    Botero, Sergio


    Energy markets today in Latin America and worldwide are being restructured from monopolies, either state-owned or privately-owned, to be more openly competitive and incorporate more participation from the private sector. Thus, the schemes that were formerly developed to foster end use energy efficiency are no longer applicable because they were based on mandatory regulations made with political decisions, without sufficiently considering economic feasibility. A consensus exists that the only way energy efficiency could survive in this new paradigm is by being market oriented, giving better services, and additional options to users. However; there is very little information on what end users prefer, and which options would most satisfy customers. Using Colombia as a case study, this research determines and categorizes the energy efficiency business options for large energy end users that can freely participate in the competitive energy market. The energy efficiency market is understood as a market of services aiming to increase efficiency in energy use. These services can be grouped into seven business options. A survey, following the descriptive method, was sent to energy end users in order to determine their preferences for specific energy efficiency business options, as well as the decision-making criteria taken into account for such options. This data was categorized in ten industry groups. As a conclusion, energy efficiency providers should adapt not only to the economic activity or processes of each customer, but also to the potential business options. It was also found that not all industries consider performance contracting as their most preferred option, as a matter of fact, some industries show much higher preference for conventional business options. Among end users, the divergence in option preferences contrasted with the convergence in decision-making criteria. The decision-making criteria "cost-benefit ratio" overwhelmed all other criterion. End users

  17. 山东省茶叶产业竞争力分析%Competitiveness Analysis on Shandong Tea Industry



    通过对山东省茶叶产业基本状况、显示性比较优势指数及综合优势指数(包括效率、规模指数)的分析,结果表明:在国际市场上,山东省茶叶产业具有极强的竞争力,但存在一定的波动;在国内市场上,山东省茶叶产业竞争力单产效率不高、规模优势不明显,处于比较劣势的地位。针对存在的问题,从不同的主体角度给出相应的政策建议,促进山东省茶叶产业竞争力的提升。%In this paper the basic condition, index of revealed comparative advantages and comprehensive advantages index (including efficiency, scale index) of Shandong's tea industry were described to indicate that: the tea industry in Shandong has a strong competitive edge in international market but with some fluctuation, it faces comparative disadvantages in domestic market because of low yield per unit and lacking of scale advantage. Based on the existing problems, this article recommended corresponding policies to different interest subjects to promote the competitiveness of Shandong tea industry.

  18. The Strategic Measures towards a Sustainable Competitive Advantage of the Restaurant Industry in Malaysia

    Yip, Poh Yoke


    The Food and Beverage (F&B) industry is a necessity industry to all nations in the world. The development of the restaurant have been increasing tremendously every year. The growth is clearly seen with many unique restaurants caming into existence as compared with a few decades ago. The reason are due to the low barrier of entry and low investment to establish restaurants have caused an increase in the number of restaurants both local and international offering a diverse variety of food into ...


    Jason Taylor


    Full Text Available During the heart of the Great Depression, the National Industrial Recovery Act (NIRA suspended U.S. antitrust laws and helped coordinate government sponsored cartels in most manufacturing industries in the American economy. The potential effect, detrimental or beneficial, of cartels is a topic of debate in the recent theoretical literature of cartels, though few historical examples of large-scale, economy-wide cartels exist. This study uses the NIRA cartel experience to test the competing hypotheses of the effects of cartels on economic variables.

  20. 16 December 2011 - Israeli Minister of Industry, Trade and Labour S.Simhon visiting ATLAS undeground area, ATLAS visitor centre and LHC tunnel with Senior Physicist G. Mikenberg. ATLAS Collaboration Former Spokesperson is also present.

    Maximilien Brice


    Israeli minister of industry, trade and labour, Shalom Simhon, was welcomed in the ATLAS visitor centre before he toured the ATLAS underground experimental area, where he could see the ATLAS detector. He also had a chance to see the LHC tunnel and the CERN Control Centre.

  1. Skills for a Competitive Future: A Survey for the Pharmaceutical Industry National Training Organisation. IES Report.

    Jagger, Nick; Aston, Jane

    This report focuses on a study that examined skills, recruitment, and training issues covering the whole pharmaceutical industry. It presents mailed survey material complemented and enhanced by a series of telephone interviews and focus groups. Chapter 1 is an introduction. Chapter 2 deals with the structure of the sector and reports background…

  2. Skills for a Competitive Future: A Survey for the Pharmaceutical Industry National Training Organisation. IES Report.

    Jagger, Nick; Aston, Jane

    This report focuses on a study that examined skills, recruitment, and training issues covering the whole pharmaceutical industry. It presents mailed survey material complemented and enhanced by a series of telephone interviews and focus groups. Chapter 1 is an introduction. Chapter 2 deals with the structure of the sector and reports background…

  3. The Magnetic Sentences Industry Game: A Competitive In-Class Experience of Business-Level Strategy

    Casile, Maureen; Wheeler, Jane V.


    The Magnetic Sentences Industry Game is a high-energy in-class exercise designed to help students gain hands-on experience with setting, implementing, evaluating, and revising business-level strategy. Students compete in teams to create and market sentences using Magnetic Poetry (a product of Magnetic Poetry, Inc.). Revenues earned are highly…

  4. The Magnetic Sentences Industry Game: A Competitive In-Class Experience of Business-Level Strategy

    Casile, Maureen; Wheeler, Jane V.


    The Magnetic Sentences Industry Game is a high-energy in-class exercise designed to help students gain hands-on experience with setting, implementing, evaluating, and revising business-level strategy. Students compete in teams to create and market sentences using Magnetic Poetry (a product of Magnetic Poetry, Inc.). Revenues earned are highly…

  5. Intensity of Competition and Market Structure in the Italian Banking Industry

    Giannetti, C.


    This work tests the predictions of Sutton’s model of independent submarkets for the Italian retail banking industry. In the first part of this paper, I develop a model of endogenous mergers to evidence the relationship between firms’ conduct, market entry and market structure. In the second part, I

  6. Impact of FDI on Competition in Korean Manufacturing Industries: 1991-97

    Mikyung Yun


    Full Text Available Since the outburst of the financial crisis, FDI flows into Korea have dramatically increased, causing great concern regarding the rapid penetration of FDI and its concentrating effects on the economy. The study explores the issue of how FDI impacts on market structure and competition in Korea. The preliminary conclusions are that FDI seems to have an upward influence on concentration while at the same time, concentration leads to higher price cost margin, and through this channel, FDI would indirectly contribute to increasing price cost margin. The direct impact of FDI on price cost margin is not conclusive, but seems to suggest that multinationals are attracted to markets where profits are stable (and probably high, but compete profit away as they enter these markets.

  7. Competition in the pharmaceutical industry: how do quality differences shape advertising strategies?

    de Frutos, Maria-Angeles; Ornaghi, Carmine; Siotis, Georges


    We present a Hotelling model of price and advertising competition between prescription drugs that differ in quality/side effects. Promotional effort results in the endogenous formation of two consumer groups: brand loyal and non-brand loyal ones. We show that advertising intensities are strategic substitutes, with the better quality drugs being the ones that are most advertised. This positive association stems from the higher rents that firms can extract from consumers whose brand loyalty is endogenously determined by promotional effort. The model's main results on advertising and pricing strategies are taken to the data. The latter consists of product level data on prices and quantities, product level advertising data, as well as the qualitative information on drug quality contained in the Orange Book compiled by the Food and Drug Administration (FDA). The empirical results provide strong support to the model's predictions.

  8. Driving Sustainable Competitive Advantage in the Mobile Industry: Evidence from U.S. Wireless Carriers

    Changhee Kim


    Full Text Available In light of the growing importance of data network quality in the wireless industry, this study analyzes and compares efficiencies in management, service quality, network quality, and market in the 4G Long Term Evolution (LTE wireless industry. For this purpose, a bootstrap data envelopment analysis (DEA model using representative U.S. wireless carriers as decision making units (DMUs was designed and conducted, with further verification through the Mann-Whitney U and Wilcoxon W test, to examine the differences in efficiency distribution. The results indicate that, in terms of efficiency distribution, network quality efficiency and market efficiency belongs to the same group as that which has high management efficiency. Based on these results, this paper suggests implications and strategic guidelines for wireless carriers for improvement in management efficiency.

  9. The filamentous fungus Ashbya gossypii as a competitive industrial inosine producer.

    Ledesma-Amaro, Rodrigo; Buey, Rubén M; Revuelta, José Luis


    Inosine is a nucleoside with growing biotechnological interest due to its recently attributed beneficial health effects and as a convenient precursor of the umami flavor. At present, most of the industrial inosine production relies on bacterial fermentations. In this work, we have metabolically engineered the filamentous fungus Ashbya gossypii to obtain strains able to excrete high amounts of inosine to the culture medium. We report that the disruption of only two key genes of the purine biosynthetic pathway efficiently redirect the metabolic flux, increasing 200-fold the excretion of inosine with respect to the wild type, up to 2.2 g/L. These results allow us to propose A. gossypii as a convenient candidate for large-scale nucleoside production, especially in view of the several advantages that Ashbya has with respect to the bacterial systems used at present for the industrial production of this food additive. Biotechnol. Bioeng. 2016;113: 2060-2063. © 2016 Wiley Periodicals, Inc.

  10. Statistical, ecosystems and competitiveness analysis of the media and content industries : a quantitative overview

    Leurdijk, Andra; DE MUNCK Silvain; VAN DEN BROEK Tijs; VAN DER PLAS Arjanna; Manshanden, Walter; RIETVELD Elmer


    This report offers a quantitative statistical approach to the Media and Content Industries (MCI). It is based on official data sources and complemented with data from non-official data sources. The current OECD definition of the MCI sector is discussed, as regards the limitations of the definition itself and of its operationalization. The approach taken in the collection of data, and also problems with data availability, are dealt with. The official data sources consulted include Eurostat...

  11. Accruing Competitive Advantage from REIT: An Assessment of The Indian Real Estate Industry

    Gupta, Mohit


    The real estate sector in India has assumed a growing importance with the liberalization of the economy. The consequent increase in business opportunities and migration of the labor force has, in turn increased the demand for commercial and housing space. However, lack of funds, poor transparency level, complex and hazy regulations and policies, and lack of financial infrastructure impede the growth of the Indian real estate industry. Moreover, it seems that Indian real estate companies were ...

  12. Analysis of technological and competitive trends of weight reduction in high speed rolling stock industry

    Prieto Moneo, Álvaro


    The incorporation to the transport of passengers sector of the high speed industry is preceded by a global society, which requires the possibility to travel quickly, comfortably and efficiently, imposing the current attitude of the concern with the environment. The development of the rail sector over recent decades, and especially in recent years, along with the technological development has allowed the formation of a network of high speed lines around the greatest part of the planet. Due...

  13. Clustering as a determinant of development the competitive pharmaceutical industry - example of Nutribiomed cluster

    Anna Skowrońska


    Full Text Available Continuous improvement and follow the technology seems to be particularly important in terms of health. Given the epidemiological trends is necessary to develop advanced technologies in the medical and pharmaceutical industries. Only innovative solutions offer a chance for a battle with disease, for example, with tumors which are one of the leading causes of death in Europe. This approach perfectly illustrates the strategy known as open innovation, according to which companies should learn from external sources by combining complementary ideas for its ongoing operations. The pharmaceutical industry has a significant impact on the functioning of not only the economy, but it is also closely linked to the health sector, and thus affects the level and quality of life of societies. In this context it becomes particularly important to seek solutions that will ensure the free flow of knowledge and access to highly specialized techniques, which in turn have a positive impact on the health of citizens. Analysis of the functioning of the pharmaceutical clusters is based on case study cluster Nutribiomed. The results achieved in many areas of activity confirm the legitimate use of the structure of the group of highly specialized industry, which is the drug market and indicates a number of benefits associated with the operation as part of its structure.

  14. Energy prospects in the competitiveness of the paper industry. Diagnosis of the Industrial Observatories; Perspectivas energeticas en la competitividad del sector del papel. El diagnostico de los observatorios industriales

    Ortigosa Goni, J. A.


    This article analyzes the prospects and options for the paper industry in terms of energy. For that, the article begins defining competitiveness, analyzing the connections and interdependencies with economy, energy and industry, both world, European and national levels. Also, the article studies in depth the evolution and situation of the Spanish paper industry, its characteristics and energy alternatives, stressing biomass as one of the most attractive choices currently. (Author)


    Nacka, Marina; Georgiev, Nenad; Dabovic Anastasovska, Jadranka


    The aim of this paper is: (a) to emphasize the importance of the industrial property rights for countries in transition economy, (b) to analyze the international trade and competitiveness of Republic of Macedonia and EU countries and (c) to present geographical indications as a powerful marketing strategy for competitiveness of the wine sub-sector in Republic of Macedonia. The paper includes qualitative and quantitative approach. Regarding the qualitative approach, we have performed a descrip...

  16. 我国风电装备产业的国际竞争力分析%Analysis on the International Competitiveness of China's Wind Power Equipment Industry



    This paper describes domestic wind power industry and its development status and trends, uses Michael Porter's Competitive Advantage of Nations theory to describe and analyzes the factors affecting China's wind power equipment industry competitiveness, proposes works that should be strengthened and improved to enhance and maintain China's wind power equipment industry and its international competitiveness.%本文系统的介绍了国内外风电产业及其装备发展现状及趋势,运用迈克尔·波特的国家竞争优势理论,阐述和分析了影响我国风电装备产业竞争力的因素,并提出提升并保持中国风电及其装备产业国际竞争力所应加强和完善的工作。

  17. China’s role in global competition in the wine industry: A new contestant and future trends

    Darryl J Mitry


    Full Text Available Darryl J Mitry1,2, David E Smith2,3, Per V Jenster3,41Norwich University, Graduate School Faculty, Northfield, VT, USA; 2National University, San Diego, California, USA; 3Copenhagen Business School, Copenhagen, Denmark; 4China Europe International Business School, Shanghai, People’s Republic of ChinaAbstract: The producers in the wine industry are competing in an increasingly global marketplace. More specifically this article is interested in China’s wine market and the role of China in global competitive strategies. The phenomenal growth of the Chinese economy over the past decade has encouraged international suppliers to enter the Chinese market. International wine suppliers lust after a huge potential market in a country of over 1,300,000,000 people. Simultaneously, there has also been a significant growth of production and marketing of wines by Chinese-owned wineries. This contribution explores the implications of China’s marketplace and also China as a creative and strategic producer.Keywords: China, wine, competition

  18. Second Generation Reusable Launch Vehicle Development and Global Competitiveness of US Space Transportation Industry: Critical Success Factors Assessment

    Enyinda, Chris I.


    In response to the unrelenting call in both public and private sectors fora to reduce the high cost associated with space transportation, many innovative partially or fully RLV (Reusable Launch Vehicles) designs (X-34-37) were initiated. This call is directed at all levels of space missions including scientific, military, and commercial and all aspects of the missions such as nonrecurring development, manufacture, launch, and operations. According to Wertz, tbr over thirty years, the cost of space access has remained exceedingly high. The consensus in the popular press is that to decrease the current astronomical cost of access to space, more safer, reliable, and economically viable second generation RLVs (SGRLV) must be developed. Countries such as Brazil, India, Japan, and Israel are now gearing up to enter the global launch market with their own commercial space launch vehicles. NASA and the US space launch industry cannot afford to lag behind. Developing SGRLVs will immeasurably improve the US's space transportation capabilities by helping the US to regain the global commercial space markets while supporting the transportation capabilities of NASA's space missions, Developing the SGRLVs will provide affordable commercial space transportation that will assure the competitiveness of the US commercial space transportation industry in the 21st century. Commercial space launch systems are having difficulty obtaining financing because of the high cost and risk involved. Access to key financial markets is necessary for commercial space ventures. However, public sector programs in the form of tax incentives and credits, as well as loan guarantees are not yet available. The purpose of this paper is to stimulate discussion and assess the critical success factors germane for RLVs development and US global competitiveness.

  19. From materials characterisation to pre-production validation; the role of the research centre in enabling new approaches to providing processing solutions to industry

    Blackwell Paul L.


    Full Text Available Centres such as the AFRC are targeted at bridging the gap between fundamental University research and the needs of industry. The paper describes some of the elements in the process of translating the products of basic scientific research into useful outcomes for industrial manufacturing companies within the metal shaping sector. This commences with a sound knowledge of material mechanical and physical properties within the relevant forming or forging window. This data will then generally be incorporated into a finite element based process model. More sophisticated models will facilitate the prediction of microstructural development during and after forming. However, such models generally still require validation, and in order for such validation to be reflective of industrial practice then full scale or close to full scale trials may be carried out. The AFRC has a range of industrial scale manufacturing equipment which allows such validation to be performed. The net effect of this is that from a manufacturer's point of view a new process may be significantly de-risked prior to introduction into a production environment. The paper will examine some of the approaches used, with specific reference to some of the specialised testing and processing equipment used to translate research into outputs useful to industry.

  20. The End of a Natural Monopoly. Deregulation and Competition in the Electric Power Industry

    Grossman, P.Z. [Butler University, Indianapolis, IN 46208-3485 (United States); Cole, D.H. [Indiana University, Indianapolis, IN 46202-3225 (United States)


    For a hundred years, scholars and government officials understood, or thought they did, the electric power industry. Electric power, based on a single, large service provider, connected by wires to all of its customers, was thought to be an industry that could only operate efficiently as a monopoly; indeed it was something called a 'natural monopoly'. Since it had to be a monopoly, with all the attendant inefficiencies and potential market abuses monopoly entails, government regulation was necessary. These basic assumptions, which at times seemed to conflict with observed facts remained largely unquestioned for the better part of 75 years. Then, changing institutional and technological circumstances led economists to question the basis in fact of the theory of natural monopoly, and the regulatory system it entailed. Movement toward a deregulated electric power system began albeit in piece-meal fashion. Indeed, the result has been a crazy quilt of deregulation and re-regulations, which often have resulted in more costs than benefits for society as a whole. In the most infamous case, California, the entire enterprise of regulatory change has been called into question. The process of deregulation or reregulation in several other states has stopped because of fear of repeating California's mistakes. This book addresses some of the fundamental issues underlying the debate over electric power regulation and deregulation. Only by understanding these questions and exploring a variety of possible answers to them can we hope to move the debate over the proper structure of the electric power industry. Undoubtedly, electric power deregulation will be a major legal and economic concern for years to come.

  1. Strategic Financial Performance Evaluation of the Iranian automotive industry Using Imperialist competitive Algorithm

    Meysam Kaviani


    Full Text Available Purpose. This paper evaluates strategic financial performance of 10 Iranian stock exchange listed automotive companies over the period 2005-2009 at the hand of value-creating performance indicators and the Free Cash Flow derived value indicators.Design. To this effect, profiting from the Imperialist Competitive Algorithm (ICA, the understudy companies were assigned to three clusters in terms of debt structure, firm size, and growth opportunitiesFindings. The results, in general, indicate a significant correlation between value-based indicators Economic Value Added (EVA and True Value Added (TVA and the FCF-derived indicators Created Value from Free Cash Flow to Firm (CVFCFF and Created Value from Free Cash Flow to Equity (CVFCFE, and between Market Value Added (MVA and CVFCFF (one of the two FCF-derived indicators, while, according to the results, there is no significant correlation between the value-driven performance indicators Refined Economic Value Added (REVA and Equity Economic Value Added (EEVA and either of the FCF-derived indicators CVFCFF and CVFCFE.Originality. Present Paper, by company clustering in ICA environment, the companies are clustered based on their close similarity in all three criteria and subsequently for examination of each strategic performance indicator were subjected to correlation and Fisher (F tests.

  2. Evaluation Strategy Michael Porter's five forces model of the competitive environment on the dairy industry (Case Study: Amoll Haraz Dvshh dairy company

    Mohammad Bolorian Tehrani


    Full Text Available State of competition in an industry depends on five basic forces. Porter's five forces model including bargaining power of customers, bargaining power of suppliers, threat of newcomers to the industry, threat of substitute products is the intensity of rivalry between competitors. Joint strength of these forces determines the ultimate benefit of potentially any industry. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the competitive environment of the dairy industry based on Michael Porter's five forces model is a dairy company.Survey, 20 of whom are chosen by simple random sampling. After collecting data through questionnaires, analyzed using SPSS software was based on the results, between each of Porter's forces, a significant relationship was found with the company's sales and market share more than other forces also affect the bargain

  3. The evaluation of industry cluster competitiveness via GEM model in Hebei%河北省产业集群竞争力GEM模型评价

    李建磊; 徐晓明


    文章阐述了产业集群的基本含义,借助统计分析软件SPSS对河北省产业集群成长影响因素进行量化识别,在此基础上,对国内外研究集群竞争力流行的“砖石模型”进行改进,构建了河北省产业集群竞争力的GEM评价模型,最后对河北省产业集群竞争力进行量化评价.%With a definition of industrial cluster, the impact factors for the industrial clusters in Hebei are identified via SPSS. The GEM model popular in industrial cluster competitiveness studies is also improved and the GEM model is constructed in a case study in Hebei. Finally, the industrial cluster competitiveness in Hebei is appraised.

  4. Changing drivers. The Impact of Climate Change on Competitiveness and Value Creation in the Automotive Industry

    Austin, D.; Sauer, A. [World Resources Institute WRI, Washington DC (United States); Rosinski, N.; Le Duc, C. [SAM Sustainable Asset Management, Zurich (Switzerland)


    The purpose of this report is to help investors make better informed decisions regarding automotive company stocks in light of emerging 'carbon constraints' policy measures designed to mitigate climate change by limiting emissions of carbon dioxide (CO2) and other greenhouse gases. This report explores how carbon constraints in global automotive markets may affect value creation in 10 leading automotive companies between now and 2015, a timeframe in which major technological and policy changes are possible. The Original Equipment Manufacturers (OEMs) assessed are BMW, DaimlerChrysler (DC), Ford, GM, Honda, Nissan, PSA, Renault, Toyota and VW, the world's largest independent automotive companies. The geographical scope of the assessment is the United States, European Union and Japanese markets, which together account for nearly 70 percent of current global sales. Chapter 1 describes recent developments and policy impacts around the climate change issue in the United States, the European Union and Japan. The chapter also explains how climate change may impact important value drivers and create new management challenges. Chapter 2 outlines the most likely technology options available to OEMs to respond to carbon constraints. Because it is not clear which technology option(s) will emerge as winner(s), this chapter also identifies strategic partnerships between OEMs that might point to future changes in the industry's structure.

  5. The Management of the Competitive Differentiation of Companies that Supply Electromechanical Equipments for the Oil Industry

    I. C. Rada


    Full Text Available Let us assume that the supplier ofelectromechanical devices for the oil industry hasalready selected its target market. When it is the onlysupplier for that market, it will be able to sell at a pricethat would bring it considerable profit. If the price istoo high and there are no entering barriers forcompetitors, the latter will penetrate the market andcause a lowering of the prices for theelectromechanical devices. When the same market isprovided by companies that produce non-differentiateddevices, buyers will choose the company that sells atthe lowest price. Consequently, the other companieswill have to lower the price as well. The onlyalternative for the supplier oil electromechanicaldevices is to differentiate its offer. If this action issuccessful, it will be able to practice a higher price,due to the superior quality that is being offered. Thereare four ways of defining an offer: the agent that sellsoil products can create value by offering products thatare [1]:- Better - the offer can better satisfy the needs ofcustomers than that of competitors, whichusually involves at least a minimumimprovement of the electromechanical device:- Newer – providing a solution that does not existso far, which implies a higher risk than in thesituation mentioned above, but can bring ahigher profit- Faster - the delivery time for anelectromechanical device is reduced- Cheaper – the product is identical with thatoffered by competitors, but the price is lower

  6. Determining Technological Innovation and Competitiveness: A Cross Organizational Analysis of the Malaysian Manufacturing Industry

    Amlus Ibrahim


    Full Text Available This study analyzed the determinants of technological innovation in the Malaysian manufacturing industry. Its main purpose is to identify a set of management- related variables characterizing Malaysian innovative firms. Moreover, the study aimed to test whether the set of determinant differs for firms with different technological trajectories. A sample of 204 Malaysian firms was used for the investigation, with one respondent from each firm. The questionnaire measured the technological innovation, as well as 5 main potential determinants of innovation adopted from literature. Statistical analysis used, including bivariate correlation and multivariate regression, in identifying association between the technological innovation and the determining variables. The results of the analysis lead the researcher to the model of 5 important determining factors of technological innovation. The important factors were intensity of R&D, trvhnoogical trajectories,intensity of marketing, engineers, scientist and managers with experience locally and technical competency of personnel,. The analysis of technological trajectories confirmed the hypotheses that set of important determinants of innovation as well as the extent of technological innovation differs for firms in different innovation processes.Keywords: Technologies trajectories, technological innovation, intensity of R&D.


    Ioana SANDU


    Full Text Available Engaging on the long road of implementing the Deep and Comprehensive Free Trade Area with the EU in 2010, Moldova is now closer than ever to being included in the most privileged category of the Eastern neighbouring countries - those who have chosen to deepen the European economic integration. The Vilnius Summit in November 2013 has reinforced the ‘more for more’ principle for both Moldova and Georgia by emphasizing, at the same time, the role of reactive measures and financial aid in counterbalancing aggressive trade barriers from non-EU states. Not only has Moldova proved to efficiently capitalize the provisions of the ATP agreement since 2008, but it has also consequently received more support from the EU in boosting exports to the single market. The wine industry was the first to benefit from the free-trade regime, as for the EU decision of eliminating quotas from the beginning of 2014. Nonetheless, the progressive liberalisation of trade flows between Moldova and the EU would finally oppose two asymmetric partners. Consequently, Moldova is facing the challenge of asserting its value on the EU market, by yet not undermining the relevance of other important trading partners nearby.

  8. Analysis of the Present Situation of Henan Export Industry Competitiveness%河南出口产业竞争力现状分析



    This paper adopts the international market share,the degree of dependence on exports,net exports,export growth,export trade structure,the structure of export products,trade competition index as an analysis of the export industry competitiveness index system,the index system of Henan export industry competitiveness.%采用国际市场占有率、出口依存度、净出口额、出口同比增长率、出口贸易方式结构、出口产品结构、贸易竞争指数作为分析出口产业竞争力的指标体系,通过这些指标体系了解河南出口产业竞争力的现状。

  9. Impact of Agricultural Modernization,Economic Growth and Industrialization on the International Competitiveness of Agricultural Products:Based on the Empirical Analysis of Cointegration and VEC Model

    Wen; YAO


    The expanded agricultural trade deficit in recent years has caused widespread concern about the international competitiveness of Chinese agricultural products.In this paper,guided by Michael Porter’s diamond model theory,based on agricultural production and trade data in China and the world from 1986 to 2011,we use principal component analysis,cointegration and vector error correction model,to perform an empirical analysis of the impact of agricultural modernization,economic growth and industrialization on the international competitiveness of Chinese agricultural products.The results show that China’s agricultural modernization is slow,the demand for agricultural products caused by economic growth is increased,and excessive rural labor transfer due to industrialization leads to decline in the international competitiveness of Chinese agricultural products.China should increase its efforts to promote the modernization of agriculture and level of industry nurturing agriculture;use WTO rules to create a good international and domestic environment for the development of China’s agriculture and improvement of the international competitiveness of agricultural products;give full play to the role of demand in boosting the industrial upgrading of domestic agriculture.

  10. Exploratory Study of the Role and Activities of "Centres of Excellence" in the Textile Industry in Four EEC Member States.

    European Centre for the Development of Vocational Training, Berlin (West Germany).

    The nine centers of excellence described in this document are institutions and geographic areas in the European Economic Community (EEC) that, in addition to providing training and maintaining their links with the labor market, carry out research and disseminate technology with individual firms, groups of firms, and the textile industry as a…

  11. Integrated Marketing Communications Plan for Health Centre Rhein-Neckar

    Stock, Katharina


    In today’s competitive environment, medical practices cannot do without advertising their services in order to attract and retain patients. Marketing in health care has become as essential as within any other industry. Therefore, this product-oriented thesis aims at creating an integrated marketing communications plan for the case company, Orthopaedic Health Centre Rhein-Neckar. The company’s objective is to increase sales generated by its diagnostic methods and treatment options for arthrosi...

  12. Research on the Competition Degree and Competition Strategy of China’s Processing Industries of Agricultural Products Based on the Potter Model——Taking "LaoGanMa" as an Example


    By using Porter’s Five Forces Model,and from 5 aspects of individual farmer,purchaser,new entrant,substitute and the enterprise of the same trade,I analyze the leading enterprise in Guizhou Province-LaoGanMa,so as to reveal the commonality and particularity reflected from the competition degree of LaoGanMa as follows:LaoGanMa has absolute dominance over material purchase;the purchasers’ recognition on the quality of LaoGanMa,bearing capacity of sales price and habitual consumption allay consumers’ ability to bargain;as for the problems of substitutes,the threat of new entrants and competition of the same trading,LaoGanMa has not done enough.The thesis formulates the competitive strategy conducive to development,like differentiation strategy,Cost-leadership strategy and brand strategy,in order to promote the development of processing industries of agricultural products.

  13. 欠发达地区工业园区竞争力的培育%On the Cultivation of Competitiveness of Industrial Parks in Less Developed Regions



    The industrial park is regarded as the bridgeheads and bellwethers in the new developing industrialized process, becoming important growth pole of regional economy day by day. How to strengthen the competition advantage of the industrial park,it is the great subject that the governments at all levels face. This text plans to proceed from current situation of the competitiveness of industrial park of low developed area,to discuss how the low developed area should foster the competitiveness of the industrial park.%工业园区作为新兴工业化进程中的桥头堡和领头羊,正日益成为地区经济的重要增长极.如何增强工业园区的竞争优势,是各级政府面对的重大课题.本文拟从欠发达地区工业园区竞争力的现状出发,来探讨欠发达地区应如何培育工业园区的竞争力.

  14. 梧州人工宝石产业集群竞争力的GEM分析%GEM Analysis on Industrial Clusters 'Competitiveness of Wuzhou Synthetic Jewel



    By analyzing the developing history and current situation of synthetic jewel industry in Wuzhou,this paper explores the core factors affecting industrial clusters’competitiveness based on GEM model with Delphi methods quantifying,evaluating,and indicat-ing the existing problems in order to improve industrial clusters competitiveness.%从梧州人工宝石产业的发展脉络和现状调查入手,基于GEM模型对影响梧州人工宝石产业集群竞争力的核心因素进行了深入分析,并采用德尔菲法加以量化、评价,指出问题所在,希望能够对梧州人工宝石产业集群竞争力的提升有所启示。

  15. 大连软件产业竞争力的评价研究%Evaluation Research on the Competitiveness of Dalian Software Industry

    梁晶; 于艳华


    In this paper, Through the study of the competitiveness of the software industry at home and abroad, the paper builds an index system of competitiveness evaluation on Dalian software industry. With factor analysis as the main analysis method, using SPSS statistical analysis software, the paper analyzes and evaluates the software industry in Dalian and puts forward relevant suggestions.%通过对国内外软件产业竞争力的相关研究,构建大连软件产业竞争力的评价指标体系.以因子分析为主要分析法,利用SPSS统计分析软件,对大连软件产业进行分析和评估,并提出相关的对策建议.

  16. Relationship between urban eco-environment and competitiveness with the background of globalization: statistical explanation based on industry type newly classified with environment demand and environment pressure.

    Kang, Xiao-guang; Ma, Qing-Bin


    Within the global urban system, the statistical relationship between urban eco-environment (UE) and urban competitiveness (UC) (RUEC) is researched. Data showed that there is a statistically inverted-U relationship between UE and UC. Eco-environmental factor is put into the classification of industries, and gets six industrial types by two indexes viz. industries' eco-environmental demand and pressure. The statistical results showed that there is a strong relationship, for new industrial classification, between the changes of industrial structure and evolvement of UE. The drive mechanism of the evolvement of urban eco-environment, with human demand and global work division was analyzed. The conclusion is that the development stratege, industrial policies of cities, and environmental policies fo cities must be fit with their ranks among the global urban system. At the era of globalization, so far as the environmental policies, their rationality could not be assessed with the level of strictness, but it can enhance cities' competitiveness when they are fit with cities' capabilities to attract and control some sections of the industry's value-chain. None but these kinds of environmental policies can probably enhance the UC.

  17. Relationship between urban eco-environment and competitiveness with the background of globalization: Statistical explanation based on industry type newly classified with environment demand and environment pressure

    KANG Xiao-guang; MA Qing-bin


    Within the global urban system, the statistical relationship between urban eco-environment(UE) and urban competitiveness(UC) (RUEC) is researched. Data showed that there is a statistically inverted-U relationship between UE and UC. Eco-environmental factor is put into the classification of industries, and gets six industrial types by two indexes viz. industries' eco-environmental demand and pressure. The statistical results showed that there is a strong relationship, for new industrial classification, between the changes of industrial structure and evolvement of UE. The drive mechanism of the evolvement of urban eco-environment, with human demand and global work division was analyzed.The conclusion is that the development stratege, industrial policies of cities, and environmental policies fo cities must be fit with their ranks among the global urban system. At the era of globalization, so far as the environmental policies, their rationality could not be assessed with the level of strictness, but it can enhance cities' competitiveness when they are fit with cities' capabilities to attract and control some sections of the industry's value-chain. None but these kinds of environmental policies can probably enhance the UC.

  18. The HILW-LL (high- and intermediate-level waste, long-lived) disposal project: working toward building the Cigeo Industrial Centre for Geological Disposal; Le projet HA-MAVL: vers la realisation du centre industriel de stockage geologique Cigeo

    Labalette, Th. [Agence Nationale pour la Gestion des Dechets Radioactifs - ANDRA, Dir. des Projets, 92 - Chatenay Malabry (France)


    The French Act of 28 June 2006 identifies reversible disposal in deep geological facilities as the benchmark solution for long-term management of high-level waste (HLW) and for intermediate-level long-lived waste (ILW-LL). The Act tasks ANDRA (national agency for the management of radioactive wastes) with the pursuit of studies and research on the choice of a site and the design of the repository, with a view to examining the licence application in 2015 and, provided that the licence is granted, to make the facility operational by 2025. At the end of 2009, ANDRA submitted to the Government its proposals regarding the site and the design of the Industrial Centre for Geological Disposal, known as CIGEO. With the definition of a possible area for the construction of underground disposal facilities, one of the key stages in the project has been achieved. The choice of a surface site will be validated following the public consultation scheduled for the end of 2012. The project is now on the point of entering the definition stage (preliminary design). CIGEO will be a nuclear facility unlike any other. It will be built and operated for a period of over 100 years. For it to be successful, the project must meet certain requirements related to its integration in the local area, industrial planning, safety and reversibility, while also controlling costs. Reversibility is a very important concept that will be defined by law. It is ANDRA's responsibility to ensure that a reasonable balance is found between these different concerns. (author)

  19. The Problems of the Albanian Agro-Industry through Analysis of Exports – Imports and Competitive Environment (Region of Korca

    Aida Gabeta


    Full Text Available The general picture of the Albanian Agribusiness discovers that it is still separated and with a productivity of a low scale compared with European equivalents. Apart from rapid progress, the total production doesn’t coincide with internal consumption, which is completed from considerable quantities of imported food products. For this reason, the production relatively small needs efficient consolidation processes and effective to the address of the value chain which is based on the capital gains. The development in the value chain and common exploitation of the sources results to the effects of synergy, which leads to the cost reduction, productivity increase, quality improvement and increase of sales through market diversification and sales’ expansion in local, regional and international markets.The paper gives a panorama of exports – imports of the Albanian Agribusiness concentrating at this sector in the region of Korca and analyzes some of the priority industries of the agribusiness sector in the region and further on the point of view of five competitive forces of Porter.

  20. Evaluation on the regional agricultural industries' competitiveness in China%我国区域农业产业竞争力评估

    杨琨; 平瑛


    [目的]对我国30个省(市、自治区)农业产业竞争力进行分析,为国家相关部门制定农业产业政策提供参考.[方法]通过因子分析、咨询专家意见等方法确定各指标的权重,建立适用于农业产业竞争力评估的综合评价模型,并应用综合评价模型对全国30个省(市、自治区)的农业竞争力进行评价.[结果]我国30个省(市、自治区)可分为高、中、低竞争力3个小组.虽然高组组内的排序有细微变化,但是高组的组成成员基本上无变化;与高组相比,中组和低组的变动频率较为频繁.我国农业产业具有明显的地域集中性,且农业优势产业带明显.[建议]延伸农业产业链、增加农业附加值,发挥区域资源优势、发展特色农业,走农业规模化经营之路,以促进我国农业可持续健康发展.%The agricultural industrial competitiveness of 30 provinces in China were analyzed in order to provide references for relevant departments to formulate new agricultural industrial policy. [Method]Analyzing correlating factors and consulting experts were used to weigh the index and establish the evaluation model of agricultural industrial competitiveness. The established evaluation model was used to assess the agricultural industrial competitiveness of 30 provinces in China. [Result]According to the final calculated scores, 30 provinces were divided into 3 groups: high competitiveness, middle competitiveness, and low competitiveness. The members in high competitiveness group hardly changed during 2008-2010; the rank of high competitiveness members, on the other hand, changed slightly. Compared to the members in the high competitiveness group, members in the middle competitiveness group and low competitiveness group changed positions frequently. Chinese agricultural industry showed obvious regional concentrations and the advantage agricultural industry areas were apparent. [ Suggestion ] In order to promote sustainable and

  1. Industrial design——the competitiveness of enterprises%工业设计——企业的竞争力



      企业竞争的核心是企业的产品,而产品的关键在于工业设计,工业设计的实质在于创造。提高工业设计能力是增强产品竞争力,增强企业的竞争力,确保企业创造巨额财富的最有效、最重要的途径之一,是企业竞争的有力武器。%  enterprise competition is the core of the company's products, the product lies in the essence of industrial design, and industrial design is to create. The industrial design is to enhance the competitiveness of their products, and enhance the competitiveness of enterprises, to ensure that one of the most effective and important way to create enormous wealth is a powerful weapon of the enterprise competition.

  2. 中国新能源产业出口竞争力研究:核电产业%Study on the Export Competitiveness of New Energy Industry of China:The Nuclear Power Industry



    产业出口竞争力是产业经济学和国际贸易学中的一个重要议题,作为新能源产业之一的核电产业,其出口竞争力研究尚处于探索阶段。本文根据1998年至2010年全球主要经济体的核电产业出口数据,以描述性统计分析为基础,得到了如下研究结论:中国核电产业出口竞争力相对于发达国家较弱,但与新兴市场经济国家相比,处于领先地位;TC指数分析结果和第三方市场研究结果均表明,中国核电产业出口竞争力在逐步增强。%Export competitiveness of industry is an important issue of industrial economics and internation -al trade.The research of the export competitiveness of the nuclear power industry , which is part of the new energy industry , is still in the exploration stage .According to the nuclear power industry export data of the global main economic bodies from 1998 to 2010 , and based on description statistics , we got the findings as following .The export competitiveness of China ’ s nuclear power industry less relative to the developed countries , but compared to the emerging market countries , it is the leader .Mean while , the results of the TC index analysis and the third -party market researching have shown that the export com-petitiveness of China ’ s nuclear power industry is gradually increased .

  3. [Regional ecological and social and economic aspects of morbidity of the teenage population residing in industrial centres].

    Kulesh, D V; Kolesnikov, S I; Dolgikh, V V; Shoĭko, S V; Abashin, N N; Cherkashina, A G; Lebedeva, L N


    It is presented the characteristic changes of atmospheric air pollution and morbidity of adolescents aged 15-17years living in urban environments with different specificity of industrial enterprises for the 10-year period. We investigated the relationship dynamics of the indicators of the health of modern teenagers with socio-economic indicators of regional development. A predictive model for the regression rate of absolutely healthy adolescents (group health I) is worked out and set the share of influence on this indicator factors included in the regression model.

  4. Affecting Factors of the Competitiveness of Logistics Industry in Eastern China%东部地区物流业竞争力影响要素研究

    唐建荣; 汪肖肖


    This article constructs a fixed effects regression measuring model of logistics industry com-petitiveness based on the logistics data of 1 1 eastern provinces and cities from 2007 to 2013,taking in-to consideration the relationship between factor inputs and logistics industry competitiveness level.A number of factor inputs are analyzed,including scientific and technical personnel,fixed assets invest-ment,and industrial structure to figure out their impact on the logistics industry competitiveness,and the method of stepwise regression is employed to identify the significant factors.The result shows that the investment in fixed assets has a positive correlation with the logistics industry competitiveness, while scientific and technological personnel and the third industry development have a negative corre-lation with the logistics industry competitiveness.Therefore,this article argues that while the logis-tics infrastructure investment is being promoted,it is urgently needed that a new independent path of innovation be constructed by optimizing the industrial structure and building a solid foundation of in-novative human capital.%综合考虑要素投入与物流业竞争力水平之间的关系,根据2007~2013年我国东部11省市物流数据,构建物流业竞争力固定效应回归计量模型,分析要素投入包括科技人员、固定资产投资、产业结构对物流业竞争力的影响程度,运用逐步回归对其显著因素进行识别。结果表明,固定资产投资与物流业竞争力呈现正相关,科技人员和第三产业发展对物流业竞争力的提升呈现负相关。因此东部地区在积极投资物流基础设施的同时亟需走以创新型人力资本为主体,以产业结构优化为方向的自主创新道路。

  5. International competition and strategic response in the Dundee jute industry during the inter-war (1919-1939) and post-war (1945-1960s) period : the case of jute industries, Buist Spinning, Craiks and Scott & Fyfe

    Masrani, Swapnesh


    This research uses the ‘demand-side thesis’ to examine the decline of the Dundee jute industry. In particular, it examines the effect of international competition and the strategic response of the industry during the inter-war (1919-1939) and the post-war (1945-1960s) period to counter this challenge. The strategic response is studied by examining strategies employed at the firm and the industry level. Strategy at the firm level is studied in the form of capability development usi...

  6. 中国太阳能产业出口竞争力研究%Research on Export Competitiveness of Chinese Solar Energy Industry

    张汝飞; 刘明


    太阳能产业作为新能源产业的一个子产业,在中国新能源发展战略中具有重要地位。本文依据2000~2012年全球主要经济体的太阳能产业海关进出口数据,就中国太阳能产业出口竞争力展开分析研究。TC指数分析表明中国太阳能产业出口竞争力水平呈现持续增长态势,目前已具有较强竞争力,亚洲国家的太阳能产业出口竞争力整体水平较高;在美国、欧盟及日本三个第三方市场中,中国太阳能产业出口额均呈现快速增长趋势,且市场占比均逐年加大,进一步证明了中国太阳能产业出口竞争力在逐步增强。%As a subsidiary,solar energy industry plays an important role in China's new energy develop-ment strategy,the export competitiveness evaluation of which is also an important part of the study.According to the customs import and export data from 2000 to 2012 of the major economies,the paper studies on the export competitiveness of China's solar industry.TC index analysis indicates that China's solar industry export competitiveness level is growing and has strong competitiveness now.The solar industry export competitiveness level of Asia nations are overall high.In the third-party market researching,China's solar industry exports in the United States market,the EU market and the Japan market grow quickly,and the market proportion are increasing.This is another evidence of that China's solar industry export competitiveness has been enhanced.

  7. From the Macro Analysis of the Competitiveness of Radio and Television Industry%广电行业竞争力宏观分析

    张晓鹏; 杨艳辉


    In the background of three network mergence , a rare opportunity for development faced by the cable broadcasting and television industry .At the same time , also makes TV related businesses no longer by the ra-dio and television network operators to exclusive , content, platforms, networks, and other various aspects of the industry chain there are new competitors television gradually from a TV display terminal , is a comprehen-sive information about the interaction of experience terminal .With the growing competition in the transmission of television industry , it is necessary for us to stand in a higher position to examine the industry competitive-ness of our radio and TV , but a new pattern of development also gave our new development opportunity ,where is the competitive advantage of the radio and television industry reflected?%在三网融合大背景下,有线广播电视传输行业面临难得一遇的发展机会。同时,也使得电视相关业务领域不再由广电网络运营商独家经营,内容、平台、网络等产业链各环节均出现了新的竞争者,电视逐渐从一个电视节目的显示终端变为一个综合信息的互动体验终端。随着电视传输行业竞争的不断加剧,我们有必要站在一个较高的位置来审视一下广电的行业竞争力,但是新的发展格局也给了我们新的发展的机会,广电行业的竞争优势体现在哪呢?

  8. A Designed Model of Sustainable Competitiveness for Slovak Industrial Companies in the Global Context of Sustainable Corporate Social Responsibility

    Božiková, Lucia; Šnircová, Jana


    In this article we introduce a model of sustainable competitiveness, which we created on the basis of a long term study of literature and analysis. This article is divided into several parts. In the first part, we will introduce the problem of competitiveness and sustainable competitiveness. The second part is focused on the basic aspects for the creation of the model. In the third part the model itself is introduced and also an explanation and description of the mode is given.

  9. Enhanced Accessibility of Polycyclic Aromatic Hydrocarbons (PAHs) and Heterocyclic PAHs in Industrially Contaminated Soil after Passive Dosing of a Competitive Sorbate

    Humel, Stefan; Nørgaard Schmidt, Stine; Sumetzberger-Hasinger, Marion


    To assess the exposure to polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs) it is important to understand the binding mechanisms between specific soil constituents and the organic pollutant. In this study, sorptive bioaccessibility extraction (SBE) was applied to quantify the accessible PAH fraction...... in industrially contaminated soil with and without passive dosing of a competitive sorbate. SBE experiments revealed an accessible PAH fraction of 41 ± 1% (∑16 US EPA PAHs + 5 further PAHs). The passive dosing of toluene below its saturation level revealed competitive binding and resulted in an average increase.......4% PAH. We explain increased PAH desorption after addition of toluene by competitive adsorption to high-affinity sorption sites while acknowledging that toluene could additionally have increased PAH mobility within the soil matrix. Findings suggest that the presence of copollutants at contaminated sites...

  10. A study on the effects of different factors influencing on customer loyalty, profitability and word of mouth advertisement for gaining competitive advantage in tourism industry

    Naser Azad


    Full Text Available This paper presents an empirical investigation to study the effects of various factors influencing on customer loyalty, profitability and word of mouth advertisement for gaining competitive advantage in tourism industry. The study designs a questionnaire in Likert scale and distributes it among a random sample of 500 people who purchased some tours from travel agencies. Using structural equation modeling, the study has determined a positive and meaningful impact of pricing strategy, amenity, tourism services, content of trip, marketing mix elements, brand equity, competitive advantage and being exclusive on gaining competitive advantage. In addition, being exclusive and value creation influence positively on word of mouth advertisement. Finally, value creation influences on profitability, positively.

  11. 中国新能源产业出口竞争力研究:风能产业%Study on the Export Competitiveness of New Energy Industry in China:the Wind Power Industry



    As a branch of the new energy industry , wind energy plays an important role in China's new energy devel-opment strategy .So the export competitiveness evaluation of wind energy industry is an important part in studying the export competitiveness of new energy industry .Based on the import and export data of the wind energy industry among some major economic entities from 1998 to 2010 , this paper makes an export competitiveness analysis of Chi-na's wind energy industry .TC index analysis shows that BRIC countries have lower level of export competitiveness of wind energy industry .The third-party market researching shows that China's wind energy industry exports to the United States, the European Union and Japan markets has a rapid growth trend , and the market share has increased year by year , but it does not have a leading edge .This shows the export competitiveness of wind energy industry of China is gradually improving , but it remains to be further enhanced .%作为新能源产业的一个子产业,风能产业在中国新能源发展战略中具有重要地位,风能产业出口竞争力评价是新能源产业出口竞争力研究的重要组成部分。依据1998年至2010年全球主要经济体的风能产业海关进出口数据,就中国风能产业出口竞争力展开分析。 TC指数分析表明:包括中国在内的金砖国家风能产业出口竞争力水平整体较低;在第三方市场研究中,中国风能产业出口额在美国、欧盟及日本市场均呈现快速增长趋势,且市场占比亦逐年加大,但不具备领先优势,表明中国风能产业出口竞争力状况虽在逐步改善,但有待于进一步增强。

  12. An Evaluation on Competitive Competence of IT Industry Listed Companies in China%我国IT产业上市公司竞争力评价研究



    This thesis on the basis of factor analysis from profitability factor and scale factor performs an empirical study of companies competitive competence. The competitive competence scores and rankings about 24 IT industry listed companies from A - shares on the Shanghai Stock Exchange are figured out. The advantages and disadvantages of these enterprises are analyzed. This analysis will provide correlative development suggestion for the IT industry listed companies to constitute effective competitive strategy and improve the competitive competence in the field.%运用因子分析法从盈利因子和规模因子两个方面对企业竞争力进行实证研究,得出上证A股中24家IT产业上市公司的竞争力得分及排名,分析各企业存在的优势和劣势,并给出相应的发展建议,为IT产业上市公司制定有效的竞争策略和提高行业竞争力提供决策性参考.

  13. Analysis of New Energy Industry Cluster Competitiveness Based on GEM Model%基于GEM模型新能源产业集群竞争力分析



    The development of new energy industry has important significance in promoting the economic development in Hebei Province, the new energy industry cluster has begun to take shape in Hebei Province, enhance the competitiveness of industrial clusters has become a key factor to promote the rapid development of new energy industry in Hebei province. In this paper, taking the GEM model as the analysis framework, through the analysis of the related factors restricting Hebei Province, to find new energy enterprise sustainable development "bottleneck" problem, puts forward some countermeasures and suggestions for scientific and effective to enhance the competitiveness of new energy industry cluster in Hebei province.%新能源产业的发展对促进河北省经济发展具有重要意义,河北省新能源产业集群初具规模,提升产业集群竞争力成为推动河北省新能源产业快速发展的重要因素。文章以GEM模型为分析框架,通过对相关因素的分析,找到制约河北省新能源企业可持续发展的“瓶颈”问题,提出了科学有效提升河北省新能源产业集群竞争力的对策建议。

  14. 我国染料产业的发展和竞争力建设%Analysis of development and competitiveness of China dye industry

    张声明; 叶早萍


    介绍了全球染料产业的格局和我国染料产业的发展状况,分析了我国染料企业所面临的竞争环境,并对我国染料龙头企业和跨国染料巨头的竞争力进行了比较分析,指出国际化、高端化、品牌化、染助一体化和“技术+服务”的全套解决方案延伸,是我国染料产业提升国际竞争力的发展方向。%Global dye industry and development of China dye industry were introduced. Competitive environment of China dye companies was analyzed, and comparative analysis of competitiveness between China leading dye companies and magnates of multi-national dye manufactures was carried out. It was pointed out that internationalization, high-end orientation, branding, dye and agent integration, comprehensive dyeing solution with technology and service were development direction followed by China dye industry to enhance international competition.

  15. 资源型城市产业竞争优势分析及测度%Industry Competitive Advantage Analysis and Measure of Resources-based City



    Industry transformation is the key and core of transition of resource-based city. Based on the theory of comparative advantage and competitive advantage and the practical experience of domestic and foreign resource-based city industrial transformation, this paper proposes that the competitive advantage construction based on the comparative advantage of resource-based city is the key and the rational choice of industry transformation of resource-based city. And then the cultivation measures and measurement system of the industry competitive advantage of resource-based city are proposed, which provides guidance and reference for the industrial optimization and upgrading of resource-based city.%产业转型是资源型城市转型的关键与核心。本文据比较优势、竞争优势相关理论与国内外资源型城市产业转型实践经验,提出了立足于资源型城市自身比较优势基础之上的竞争优势的构建是资源型城市产业转型的关键与理性选择。并以此提出了资源型城市产业竞争优势的培育措施与测度体系,为资源型城市产业优化与提升提供了指导与决策依据。

  16. 寡头垄断下中国电信行业价格竞争分析%Analysis of price competition of China Telecom Industry under oligopoly



    Since the nineteen ninties, the telecom industry in China after a series of efforts to reform, has formed the oligopoly market structure. In this paper, grasp of China's telecom industry market structure, its own characteristics, in recent years, the industry based on the price competition phenomenon, the analysis of causes and adverse effects of vicious price competition produces, explored out of low-level price war, to seek higher profits of the industry, better service to consumers.%  自20世纪90年代以来,我国电信行业经过了一系列大力度体制改革,目前已形成了寡头垄断的市场结构。本文把握了我国电信行业市场结构、自身特点,基于近年来该行业价格竞争现象,分析了恶性价格竞争产生的原因及不利影响,探究了跳出低层次价格战,谋求更高行业利润,更好的服务消费者的出路。

  17. Country of origin image attributes as a source of competitive advantage: study in international brazilian fashion industry

    Sutter, Mariana Bassi; Universidade de São Paulo - FEA/USP; Polo, Edison Fernandes; Universidade de São Paulo - FEA/USP; Maclennan, Maria Laura Ferranty; Universidade de São Paulo - FEA/USP


    The study sought to understand which attributes of the country of origin image are source of international competitive advantage in the context of Brazilian fashion. From the theoretical framework related to competitive advantage, country of origin image, Brazilianness and their attributes in fashion, we conducted exploratory research with a qualitative approach. The results suggest that the image of Brazil is understood by the international fashion market in accordance with the attributes of...

  18. The Relationships among Leadership, Entrepreneurial Mindset, Innovation and Competitive Advantage (A Conceptual Model of Logistics Service Industry

    Darjat Sudrajat


    Full Text Available Nowadays, improvement of competitive advantage is an important and urgent issue facing logistics service companies in Indonesia. Some previous researches showed that to improve the competitive advantage could be conducted through improvement of leadership, entrepreneurial mindset and innovation variables. This research intended to recognize relationships among the variables. The research used causal-explanatory method. The results of research encompass a conceptual model, status of each variable and hypotheses. The conceptual model could be further verified through verification research.

  19. The effects of quality and environmental management on competitive advantage: A mixed methods study in the hotel industry

    Molina-Azorín, José F.; Tarí, Juan-José; Pereira-Moliner, Jorge; López Gamero, María Dolores; Pertusa-Ortega, Eva


    This paper reports results derived from a mixed methods study where 13 hotel managers were initially interviewed, followed by a quantitative study of 355 additional managers. Data were analysed using partial least squares path modelling. The research question related to the relationship between quality and environmental management and the competitive advantage sought by hotels. The results indicate that quality management and environmental management permit the improvement of competitive adva...

  20. Competition and Bidding Data as an Indicator of the Health of the U.S. Defense Industrial Base


    believes that many cases of single-offer competition never had a chance of getting more than one offer. The purpose of the model described in this paper...causal roots of the variables that drive the model, the study team put these tools into practice to study FY2014 contracting. By applying the rate of effective competition for professional, administrative, and management support services ( PAMS ): PAMS account for nearly a quarter of

  1. The influence of industrial-scale canning on cadmium and lead levels in sardines and anchovies from commercial fishing centres of the Mediterranean Sea.

    Galitsopoulou, Augoustina; Georgantelis, Dimitrios; Kontominas, Michael


    The current study encompassed a survey on the levels of toxic trace elements in two highly consumed fish species in commercial fishing centres of western, central and eastern Mediterranean Sea. A Zeeman GTA-AAS graphite furnace atomic absorption spectrometry system was used throughout the study. Toxicological evaluation of the samples revealed a low Cd content in the raw samples, ranging between 0.003 and 0.027 mg kg⁻¹. Pb presented significantly higher values, from 0.037 to 0.297 mg kg⁻¹, occasionally reaching the limit of 0.3 mg kg⁻¹. Heavy metal levels were particularly higher in bones, thus raising queries about the safe consumption of fish intended to be eaten as a whole, a very common practice for small fish and canned products. The influence of industrial-scale canning showed that canning enhanced heavy metal levels by 35%-80%. The effect of canning depended on metal type and reduction of moisture loss after the steam-roasting step of the canning procedure.

  2. 闽台文化产业竞争力比较研究%A Comparative Study on Competitiveness of Fujian and Taiwan Cultural Industry

    许彩玲; 王春丽


    伴随闽台文化产业交流与合作的广泛开展,充分了解两地文化产业发展现状及其竞争力水平就变得极其必要。为深入揭示闽台文化产业竞争力的现实差异,在参考现有研究成果的基础上,设计适用闽台两地的文化产业竞争力比较框架,具体包括文化产业规模、文化产业贡献、文化产业基础、文化产业发展环境四个方面。通过比较分析,不难发现,当前台湾文化产业的竞争优势总体高于福建,但从发展趋势判断,闽台两地在发展文化产业过程中,将逐步显现出各自的优势和不足。%With the extensive exchanges and cooperation in cultural industry between Fujian and Taiwan ,it is necessary to fully understand the current situation and competitiveness of the development of cultural industry in both sides of the Straits .In order to further reveal the real differences of the cultural industry competitiveness between Fujian and Taiwan ,this article ,on the basis of existing research results , designs a comparative framework for Fujian and Taiwan cultural industry competitiveness ,including the four aspects as the scale , contribution , foundation and development environment of cultural industry .Through the comparative analysis ,it is not hard to find that Taiwan has more overall competitive advantages than Fujian at present .But from the development trend ,Fujian and Taiwan will gradually show their respective advantages and disadvantages in the process of cultural industrial development .

  3. An Analysis of the Competitiveness of Chaozhou Ceramic Industry Cluster%潮州陶瓷产业集群竞争力探析



    产业集群是产业组织结构的重要形式,是提高区域产业经济竞争力的有效途径。陶瓷产业作为潮州首要支柱产业,产业总体规模、集聚规模及出口贸易规模都较为强大,且产业链完整和区域品牌厚实,产业集群竞争力比较优势明显。但受宏观环境影响,产业出口贸易增长率放缓,企业产品品牌建设滞后,自主创新能力弱,产业劣势显现。通过对潮州陶瓷产业比较优势的发挥,产业结构的优化升级,企业品牌的建设,产品科技含量的增加,出口增长方式的转变,多元市场的开拓等多种途径的综合运用,可以进一步提升集群竞争力。%Industrial cluster is an important form of industrial organization and construction.It is an effec⁃tive way to upgrade economic competitiveness in regional industrial development. As the pillar industry in Cha⁃ozhou, ceramics industry is strong in general, clustering and exporting scales, having an integrated industrial chain with rich brands, with outstanding advantages in clusterization competitiveness. Impacted by macro envi⁃ronment, however, the industry suffers from a slowdown in export business growth, and is delayed in its brands establishment, and also weakened in creativity. Its competitive strengths can be further exalted by overall com⁃bination of various approaches including advantages exertion, upgrading of industrial construction, brand estab⁃lishment, increasing applications of scientific technology, changes in export increase mode, and strategy imple⁃mentation of market diversification, etc.

  4. [NASA/DOD Aerospace Knowledge Diffusion Research Project. Paper 18:] Scientific and Technical Information (STI) policy and the competitive position of the US aerospace industry

    Hernon, Peter; Pinelli, Thomas E.


    With its contribution to trade, its coupling with national security, and its symbolism of U.S. technological strength, the U.S. aerospace industry holds a unique position in the Nation's industrial structure. Federal science and technology policy and Federal scientific and technical information (STI) policy loom important as strategic contributions to the U.S. aerospace industry's leading competitive position. However, three fundamental policy problems exist. First, the United States lacks a coherent STI policy and a unified approach to the development of such a policy. Second, policymakers fail to understand the relationship of STI to science and technology policy. Third, STI is treated as a part of general information policy, without any recognition of its uniqueness. This paper provides an overview of the Federal information policy structure as it relates to STI and frames the policy issues that require resolution.

  5. NASA/DOD Aerospace Knowledge Diffusion Research Project. Paper 18: Scientific and Technical Information (STI) policy and the competitive position of the US aerospace industry

    Hernon, Peter; Pinelli, Thomas E.


    With its contribution to trade, its coupling with national security, and its symbolism of U.S. technological strength, the U.S. aerospace industry holds a unique position in the Nation's industrial structure. Federal science and technology policy and Federal scientific and technical information (STI) policy loom important as strategic contributions to the U.S. aerospace industry's leading competitive position. However, three fundamental policy problems exist. First, the United States lacks a coherent STI policy and a unified approach to the development of such a policy. Second, policymakers fail to understand the relationship of STI to science and technology policy. Third, STI is treated as a part of general information policy, without any recognition of its uniqueness. This paper provides an overview of the Federal information policy structure as it relates to STI and frames the policy issues that require resolution.

  6. Analysis on the Competitiveness of Chinese Clothing Industry in the International Market%中国服装业的国际市场势力分析



    Faced with the immiserizing growth in the exportation of textile and garment in China, this thesis takes cotton shirts for men as an example, and measures the competitiveness of Chinese clothing industry in the international market. The results reveal that Chinese clothing industry is of great competitiveness in America, Japan and Australia, which indicates that the benefits of enterprises will not be affected even if the exporting prices are increased. Therefore, we should play the competitiveness of Chinese clothing industry fully, increase the exporting prices and participate in the international competition with high-quality products. Meanwhile, the exportation of textile and garment should be regulated and there should be an integration in this field, so as to maintain and improve the competitiveness of Chinese clothing industry in the international market.%针对我国纺织服装出口存在的“贫困化增长”现象,以男式棉制衬衫为例,通过建立剩余需求弹性模型,测度了中国服装在国际上的市场势力。结果显示,中国在美国、日本和澳大利亚三个市场都具备一定的市场势力,这意味着我国企业提高纺织出口产品价格,不会损害企业的出口利益。为此,建议我国应该充分发挥具有的市场势力,通过适当提高产品价格,生产和出口高质量的产品去参与国际竞争;并通过规范出口市场,鼓励纺织服装行业集中等措施,维持和提高中国纺织服装国际市场势力。

  7. Competition and coordination in the U.S. airline hub-to-hub markets: An industry pre-merger case study

    Prasun Bhattacharjee


    Full Text Available Purpose: This paper investigates the nature of conduct that existed in the U.S. airline hub-to-hub markets prior to the recent merger wave of the legacy carriers. We explore the strategic importance of network carrier hubs in form of “spheres of influence” on airline market conduct. We also simultaneously recognize the overgrowing role played by Low Cost Carriers (LCC over the years by estimating two conduct parameters - one in markets where LCCs directly compete head-to-head with legacy carriers and the other for markets which LCCs do not serve but has presence in the hub airports or adjacent airports comprising the market endpoints. Thus our supply side framework also sheds some light on the issue of perfect contestability in airline industry. Design/methodology/approach: We estimate a structural oligopoly model for differentiated products with competitive interactions using DB1B data for first quarter of 2004. Findings: Our results imply that the nature of competition is more aggressive relative to Bertrand behavior in hub-to-hub markets and that these markets are less than perfectly contestable. Originality/value: This paper adds to the empirical literature of airline competition by enabling estimation of the actual conduct parameter assuming firm price setting behavior in presence of product differentiation. Contrary to existing literature on airline competition, a structural model enables us to systematically separate out effects of demand, cost and strategic factors on observed airline prices.

  8. 云南硅产业竞争优势的培育路径%Yunan silicon industry competition advantage's foster advantage



    This article was written with the help of the model of the "Complete diamond system" by Michael Porter to analyze and evaluate the competitiveness of the silicon industry in Yunnan province.And we think the natural resources of silicon industry are more advantage,that are basically formed the Silicon-based metal smelting and polysilicon production as the leading as well as the core of the solar photovoltaic,and some supportive industry developed momentum is good and there are a Wide prospect of the market demanded to meet such an opportunity is very hard.Yunnan province has already had such strength of competition.Meanwhile there are also problems such as our Production elements are not neat.And the structures of industry are imbalanced.The unitary production and the scale of it are diseconomy and also have some over-competition high energy consumption and the low benefits.On this basis,there are discussed the way of Cultivating industrial competitive advantages.%本文借助迈克尔.波特"完整的钻石体系"模型对云南省硅产业的竞争力进行了分析评价,认为云南省硅产业天然资源比较优势得天独厚,以金属硅冶炼为主、多晶硅生产为龙头、太阳能光伏产业为发展核心的产业链基本形成,相关支持性产业发展势头良好,市场需求前景广阔,机会百年难逢,已具备一定的竞争实力。同时也存在生产要素不齐、产业结构失衡、产品单一、规模不经济、竞争过度、能耗高、效益低等突出问题,并在此基础上探讨了培育产业竞争优势的路径。

  9. Communicating astronomy by the Unizul Science Centre

    Beesham, A.; Beesham, N.


    The University of Zululand, situated along the east coast of KwaZulu-Natal, has a thriving Science Centre (USC) situated in the developing port city of Richards Bay. Over 30 000 learners visit the centre annually, and it consists of an exhibition area, an auditorium, lecture areas and offices. The shows consist of interactive games, science shows, competitions, quizzes and matriculation workshops. Outreach activities take place through a mobile science centre for schools and communities that cannot visit the centre.

  10. 基于投入产出视角的产业竞争分析框架%An Analytical Frame of Industry Competition from the Viewpoint of Input-Output

    黄传峰; 张正堂; 卢冰原


    The regional industry competition system and its constituent elements are discussed firstly in this paper. Accord-ing to the facts that resource competition and market competition widely exit between different industries,a two dimensions conceptual model of the industry competitive pressure is established,and its measurement method is proposed based on in-ter-industry input-output data. On the basis of this concept and measurement methods,this paper proposes a universal framework for quantitative analysis in order to provide a common paradigm for the study to these regional industry competi-tion systems. The analytical framework is based on the microscopic mechanism of industry competition,and it starts from the structure analysis and the statistics nature of industry system. It can penetrate deeply into the industrial system to char-acterize the topological structure,statistical characteristics and competitive natures of the industry competition network,and to predict the long-term evolution behavior in regional industry competition systems and the effect of industrial policy. So this analytical framework provides the theoretical and methodology support in the competitive analysis area of the industry system.%传统的产业竞争研究主要集中在区域产业竞争力这一孤立概念的内涵、来源、评价和相应对策方面,无法精确地刻画产业间实际存在的竞争关系及其强度。探讨产业竞争系统及其构成要素,建立基于资源与市场的双维度产业竞争压力概念模型,提出基于产业间投入产出数据的压力测度方法,在此基础上提出关于区域产业竞争系统的一个普适性的定量分析框架。该框架可以深入到产业系统内部,详细刻画产业竞争网络的拓扑结构、统计特征和竞争特性,预测产业竞争系统的长期演化行为和产业政策效果,为区域产业间竞争系统的结构与演化分析提供理论与方法论支撑。

  11. Country of origin image attributes as a source of competitive advantage: study in international brazilian fashion industry

    Mariana Bassi Sutter


    Full Text Available The study sought to understand which attributes of the country of origin image are source of international competitive advantage in the context of Brazilian fashion. From the theoretical framework related to competitive advantage, country of origin image, Brazilianness and their attributes in fashion, we conducted exploratory research with a qualitative approach. The results suggest that the image of Brazil is understood by the international fashion market in accordance with the attributes of the literature. However (i in fashion, market still does not have a steady concept on the image of Brazil, (ii Brazilianness attributes in fashion can be a source of competitive advantage in international trades if they are communicated, promoted and understood by the international market; finally, (iii among the eight Brazilianness trendy attributes identified in the literature, four were highlighted as differentiators: shape and volumes, colors, prints and lifestyle.

  12. Finding of no significant impact for the joint DOE/EPA program on national industrial competitiveness through energy efficiency and economics (NICE{sup 3})



    The Department of Energy (DOE) has prepared a Programmatic Environmental Assessment (PEA), to assess the environment impacts associated with a joint DOE/EPA cost-sharing grant program named National Industrial Competitiveness through Energy Efficiency, Environment and Economics (NICE{sup 3}). The purpose of the NICE{sup 3} Program is to encourage waste minimization technology in industry by funding projects that develop activities and process improvements to conserve energy and reduce pollution. The proposed action would provide Federal financial assistance in the form of grants to industry in order to promote pollution prevention, energy efficiency, and cost competitiveness. Based on the analysis presented in the PEA, DOE has determined that the proposed action (providing NICE{sup 3} grants for projects which are consistent with the goals of the PPA and EPACT) does not constitute a major Federal action significantly affecting the quality of the human environment within the meaning of NEPA. Therefore, the preparation of an Environmental Impact Statement is not needed and the Department is issuing this Finding of No Significant Impact.

  13. Centered on the Customer Experience Breakthrough Express Industry Competition%以客户体验为核心突破快递业竞争格局

    赵永全; 于海燕


    伴随着经济的稳步发展和行业的全方位竞争,如何在更加有效地满足客户需求的基础上实现企业利润的突破,让服务的竞争核心回归服务本身,是快递业亟需解决的重要问题。文中主要围绕以客户体验为中心的差异化服务对快递业未来发展进行有益的探析。%Along with the steady development of economy and the comprehensive competition of the industry ,it has been an important problem for express industry that how to gain a breakthrough profits based on meeting the demand of customers more effectively and making the service competition core return to the service itself .This article mainly around the customer experience analyze the future of express industry .

  14. Research document no. 30. Introducing competition in the French electricity supply industry: the destabilization of a public hierarchy in an open institutional environment

    Finon, D


    The introduction of market rules in a electricity supply industry characterized by a vertically integrated monopoly and public ownership is not inherently doomed to failure if characteristics of the reform or other elements of industrial structures give room for enforcing market-rules. The organisation of the French ESI in a public monopoly was deeply rooted in French institutional peculiarities. The paper analyses how the governmental goal of preserving the national champion EDF have had two paradoxical effects in favour of competition development and the building of safeguards for the entrants: the creation of a credible regulatory governance structure with effective power of control on the network access, and which promoted market-rules and the creation of a power exchange for balancing the incumbent dominant position; and the enforcement of the credibility of the regulatory framework by the self control of the incumbent on the use of its dominant position and on the capture of the regulator. This two effects results from the influence of the European institutional environment which is superposed to the national one, in particular under the intensive scrutiny of the European Commission, on a model far behind the competitive model. The paper concludes to the originality of such an institutional model: a permanent regulatory threat on the incumbent for balancing the effects of public property and integration of industrial structures. (author)

  15. Changes in energy price and the international competitiveness of Japanese industries. Energy kakaku no hendo to wagakuni sangyo no kokusai kyosoryoku

    Kuroda, M.; Shimpo, K.; Kawai, H. (Keio Univ., Tokyo, (Japan))


    This report studies changes in international competitiveness of individual industry in Japan and the U.S. between 1960 and 1985 by using time series data in Japan and the U.S. on the basis of the measurement of productivity in both countries and the measuring rule for the absolute comparison of their level. The conclusion is summarized as follows: 1. Technological advance rate in both countries dropped rapidly after the oil crisis, but showed an average tendency to recover in 1980s; that is, it does not necessarily indicate a time series tendency to decline. 2. A technological gap between Japan and the U.S. expanded in 1970s, reached the peak in 1980, and reduced again during 1980s, however, dispersion among industries has tended to expand. 3. The future trend of a technological gap between Japan and the U.S. shows bipolarity. In Japan, technologies with big trade scale in the field of chemicals, electric machines, and precision machines attain superiority. 4. The price competitiveness reflects a gap of technological efficiency and factor prices respectively. Nevertheless, there are some Japanese industries having an advantage over the U.S. since they offset a gap of factor prices against a technological gap. 9 figs., 4 tabs.

  16. Long-term consequences of selected competitive strategies during deregulation of the United States electric utility industry: System dynamics modeling and simulation

    Khalil, Yehia Fahim

    Currently, U.S. investor-owned utilities (IOUs) are facing major reforms in their business environment similar to the airlines, telecommunications, banking, and insurance industries. As a result, IOUs are gearing up for fierce price competition in the power generation sector, and are vying for electricity customers outside their franchised service territories. Energy experts predict that some IOUs may suffer fatal financial setbacks (especially those with nuclear plants), while others may thrive under competition. Both federal and state energy regulators anticipate that it may take from five to ten years to complete the transition of America's electric utility industry from a regulated monopoly to a market-driven business. During this transition, utility executives are pursuing aggressive business strategies to confront the upcoming price wars. The most compelling strategies focus on cutting operation and maintenance (O&M) costs of power production, downsizing the work force, and signing bilateral energy agreements with large price-sensitive customers to retain their business. This research assesses the impact of the three pivotal strategies on financial performance of utilities during transition to open market competition. A system-dynamics-based management flight simulator has been developed to predict the dynamic performance of a hypothetical IOU organization preparing for market competition. The simulation results show that while the three business strategies lead to short-lived gains, they also produce unanticipated long-term consequences that adversely impact the organization's operating revenues. Generally, the designed flight simulator serves as a learning laboratory which allows management to test new strategies before implementation.

  17. The Relationships among Leadership, Entrepreneurial Mindset, Innovation and Competitive Advantage (A Conceptual Model of Logistics Service Industry

    Darjat Sudrajat


    Full Text Available Nowadays, improvement of competitive advantage is an important and urgent issue facing logistics service companies in Indonesia. Some previous researches showed that to improve the competitive advantage could be conducted through improvement of leadership, entrepreneurial mindset and innovation variables. This research intended to recognize relationships among the variables. The research used causal-explanatory method. The results of research encompass a conceptual model, status of each variable and hypotheses. The conceptual model could be further verified through verification research. 

  18. 国内黄金行业竞争战略分析%Competition Strategy Analysis of the Domestic Gold Industry



    The strategy is the key of the study of competitive winning. How to win in the market competition of peer industry is the proposition concerned by the operator and securities analysts who care about the future destiny of the enterprise and predict success or failure of enterprise. Industry analysis is to find the core and key factor in the development of the industry. If the enterprises want to survive in industry and get a better development, their development strategy and core competencies must match the key factors necessary to the industry development, so that they can seize the opportunities for development and gain success.%战略是研究竞争制胜的关键,企业如何在同行业市场竞争中获胜,是经营者、关心企业前途命运预测企业成败的证券分析家,都非常关心的命题。行业分析就是要找到行业发展的核心和关键因素,在行业中生存的企业要想更好的发展,它的发展战略和核心竞争力就要与行业发展的关键因素相匹配,这样才能抓住行业发展的机遇,并取得成功。

  19. The Study on core-competitiveness of pharmaceutical industry%医药行业企业竞争力评价研究

    张昊; 张凤新


    The comprehensive competitiveness of enterprise is the source of corporate advantage .So researching the enterprise comprehensive com-petitiveness can facilitate to establish a suitable comprehensive competitiveness evaluation model for our country enterprise , which can promote rapid and sound growth of the enterprise , has important theory value and practical significance .As domestic medical system reforming , medical enterprises contin-ue to increase, the pharmaceutical industry has been rapid development .This article selects the pharmaceutical industry as the research background , u-sing the analytic hierarchy process ( AHP) combined with fuzzy comprehensive evaluation method to research , this paper discusses the comprehensive competitiveness of pharmaceutical enterprises , constructs a model to evaluate the comprehensive competitiveness in the pharmaceutical industry , which can provide strong reference for the analysis of pharmaceutical enterprise own development .%企业综合竞争力是企业优势的源泉。因此研究企业综合竞争力,便于建立适合我国企业综合竞争力的评价模型,进而能够推动企业的快速健康成长,具有重要的理论价值和现实意义。随着国内医疗体制的改革,医药企业不断增加,整个医药行业得到了长足的发展。本文选取医药行业作为研究背景,运用层次分析法结合模糊综合评价方法对医药企业的综合竞争力进行研究探讨,构建用于评价医药行业内综合竞争力的模型,为医药企业分析自身发展状况提供有力的参考。

  20. Competitive strategies for multiple industrial estates : a case study of multi-business chemical estates in South Africa

    Coetzee, Josef Erasmus


    The research problem, which was stated as the central research question is: What strategies can multiple estates employ to be competitive? The research addressed three aspects of this question by considering the elements to which such strategies should be directed (research question 1); who should b

  1. Efficiency and competition in the Dutch non-life insurance industry: Effects of the 2006 health care reform

    Bikker, Jaap; Popescu, Adelina


    This paper investigates the cost efficiency and competitive behaviour of the non-life – or property and casualty – insurance market in the Netherlands over the period 1995-2012. We focus on the 2006 health care reform, where public health care insurance has been included in the non-life insurance se

  2. Local Culture and Rules as Competitive Strategic Predictor and the Impact on Real Estate Industry Performance in Indonesia

    Dewa Putu Selawa


    Full Text Available Resources and operational environment of a company are known to have important role in its competitive strategic formulation. These three variables also found influencing business performance. However, little is known about the influence of an understanding toward local culture and rules where a company operated on competitive strategic formulation and the impact on business performance. This research is aimed to find out about the influence of an understanding and implementation of Tri Hita Karana as one of intangible strategic resources and the influence of local rules either in form of regional regulation or customary rules on competitive strategic formulation of real estate company operated in Indonesia, whcih is in Bali Province.In order to harmonize company with its environment through three dimensions based on Hindu philosophy (parahyangan as the manifestation of God dimension, pawongan as the manifestation of humanity dimension and palemahan as the manifestation of natural environment dimension, it is proven that understanding and implementation of Tri Hita Kirana have the highest influence from seven strategic resources formulation of a company. In addition, local rules also proven to significantly influence environmental dynamic faced by real estate companies operated in Bali. The research verified that resources owned by and environmental dynamics of a company have significant influence on competitive strategic that further influence business performance measured using Balance Score Card method.

  3. 中国染颜料行业如何做强(一)%Strengthening the competitiveness of China dyes and pigments industry(Ⅰ)



    Problems in China's dyestuff and pigment industry are analysed. It is pointed out that the safety and ecology of dye-stuffs and pigments receive more concern than before in China. To strengthen the competitiveness, Chinese dyestuff and pigment industry should rely on the development of new products, innovation of commercialization and synthesis techniques.%分析近年我国染颜料行业存在的问题,指出生产染颜料的安全性和生态性更受关注;阐述了我国从染颜料大国走向染颜料强国必须依靠染料新品种的开发,以及商品化技术和合成工艺创新的观点.

  4. The competitive forces of the natural gas industry of Mexico; Las fuerzas competitivas de la industria del gas natural de Mexico

    Buendia Servin de la Mora, Neil Spar [Facultad de Ingenieria, UNAM (Mexico)


    The present paper is intended to identify the structural characteristics of the natural gas national industry, that determines the intensity of the forces in competition. To know the ambient where PEMEX-Gas and Basic Petrochemistry will compete, the distributors and the partnerships formed by national and foreign companies is fundamental, since the forces that affect the market determine the attractiveness of the industry, the gain margins, investments, et cetera. [Spanish] En el presente trabajo se pretende identificar las caracteristicas estructurales de la industria nacional del gas natural, que determinan lo intenso de las fuerzas en competencia. Conocer el ambiente en donde competiran PEMEX-Gas y Petroquimica Basica, las distribuidoras nacionales y los consorcios formados por empresas nacionales y extranjeras es primordial, puesto que las fuerzas que inciden al mercado determinan el atractivo de la industria, los margenes de ganancia, inversiones, etcetera.

  5. Competitiveness evaluation of tourism industrial cluster for Kanas scenic spot%新疆大喀纳斯旅游区旅游产业集群竞争力评价

    田晓霞; 罗芬芬; 许胜德; 肖婷婷


    运用区位熵法与旅游产业链及专业化分工相结合的方法,判别出新疆大喀纳斯旅游区旅游产业的集聚态势,根据本地区旅游发展过程中政府起到的作用,在现有的产业集群竞争力评价模型的基础上构建GEMS模型,对新疆大喀纳斯旅游区旅游产业集群竞争力进行定量评价,得出其现有竞争力水平处于全国中上水平,企业战略、结构与竞争是其发展的短板.%The rapid development of industrial clusters in the world makes the cluster competition which has begun to replace the enterprise competition become the main form of competition in the market competition. The development of tourism industry clusters has become an inevitable trend to enhance the tourism industry clusters. Firstly, this paper introduces the concept of the tourism industry cluster, and points out the competitiveness of tourism industry clusters has a great promotion to enhancing the competitiveness of tourism destinations. It not only can reduce the operating costs of enterprises in the group, realize the scale effect, but also promote to enterprise innovation, obtain differentiation competitive advantage, with resource sharing effect, forming tourist destination brand, promoting capital assembling, expanding tourism industry scale. Secondly, this paper estimates the Xinjiang Kanas large tourism region, which has become a quite high specialized level tourism area using the qualitative methods of combining industry scale location Quotient and tourism industry chain and specialization, gets the conclusion that tourism industry cluster situation is remarkable. Then, according to the very important role the government plays in the process of tourism development in this region, and on the basis of the current competitiveness evaluation model of industrial clusters, GEMS model was built and the tourism cluster competitiveness estimated from the following factors; Grounding,Enterprise, Market, Surroundings

  6. Contestability,Competitiveness and China’s Industrial Market Performance%可竞争性、竞争性与中国工业市场绩效

    侯艳良; 王晓明


    西方产业组织理论关于市场绩效及其决定机制已经形成比较成熟的理论体系。然而,有关中国工业市场绩效决定机制的研究,至今没有形成一致的结论。本文通过路径分析的方法研究了可竞争性、竞争性和行业产权结构对中国工业市场绩效的影响机制,揭示了行业产权结构的中介效应。实证研究表明,国有产权结构比重的提高对行业利润率具有正向影响;外部可竞争性和竞争性对行业利润率具有负向影响,但国有产权结构具有完全中介效应;内部可竞争性反而对行业利润率具有正向影响,国有产权结构同样具有完全中介效应。这些发现为客观评价新时期的产业政策效果提供了全新的经验证据。%Western industrial organization theory has formed mature theoretical system of markets’performance and its decision mechanism.However,there are still no consistent findings on how China’s industrial markets’performance is determined.Through the method of path analys is,this article analyzes the mechanism that market performance is affected by contestability,competitiveness and industry ownership structure,and reveals the mediating effect of ownership structure. Empirical studies show:the proportion of state-owned property structure has a positive impact on the industrial profit margins;external contestability and competitiveness have a negative impact on industrial profit margins,but the structure of state-owned property has fully mediated effects;internal contestability have a positive impact on industrial profit margins, and the structure of state-owned property also has a fully mediated effect.These findings offer some empirical evidences for evaluating the effect of new era industrial policies objectively.

  7. Toward a competitive electric power industry for the 21. century. Comprehensive Review of the Northwest Energy System final report



    This report contains a review of the activities and the recommendations of the Steering Committee of the Comprehensive Review of the Northwest Energy System. The topics of the report include a summary of recommendations; federal power marketing; preserving the benefits of low-cost hydropower for the Northwest; Columbia River System governance; reflecting the values and meeting the needs of northwest citizens through conservation, renewable resources and low-income energy services; ensuring the benefits of competition for all by consumer access to the competitive market; open-access power transmission for competion in generation; and the future power system role for a four-state regional body. An appendix contains a dissenting opinion.

  8. Multicriteria Decision Analysis to Develop Effective Sustainable Development Strategies for Enhancing Competitive Advantages: Case of the TFT-LCD Industry in Taiwan

    Iuan-Yuan Lu


    Full Text Available In the Internet of Things era, panel displays play a major role in human life, because humans frequently use liquid crystal displays to monitor their electrical devices. The display industry creates remarkable economic output, but every manufacturing process inevitably has some undesirable effects on the environment. With the increasing awareness of environmental protection, balanced development is necessary to address the emerging market trends. However, short-sighted manufacturing corporations that focus solely on financial performance can achieve only short-term profits. The purpose of this study was to develop the most effective sustainable improvement strategies that can enhance competitive advantages in real-world situations. The proposed method combines the balanced scorecard and a new hybrid modified multiple attribute decision-making model which together adopt the DEMATEL technique to construct the influential network relation map and develop the DEMATEL-based ANP with the VIKOR method to deliver strategies that integrate environmental sustainability and competitive advantage. Finally, a real-world case study applying the proposed method to the cases of liquid crystal display manufacturers was conducted. Then, this paper discusses the effective use of natural resources, development of enterprises, and sustainable competitive advantage in this context. Various manufacturers, communities, and stakeholders can benefit from the coopetition solutions explained by the proposed method.

  9. Understanding the factors that are driving competition in the energy industry, to prepare your organization to succeed in an open access market

    Konow, H.R. [Canadian Electrical Association, Montreal, PQ (Canada)


    The increasing levels of competition that are available to commercial and residential customers of energy services, particularly in the electricity industry, were discussed. Customer choice has recently become a big issue that allows customers to sanction those companies whose performance is considered to be inadequate. Next to consumer satisfaction, Canadian companies are also looking to protect export flows and to build new opportunities by obtaining marketing licenses in the United States based on their ability to meet Federal Energy Regulatory Commission (FERC) orders 888 and 889. TransAlta Utilities in Alberta, B.C. Hydro, and Hydro-Quebec have already received FERC approval whereas Ontario Hydro has yet to meet FERC`s minimum requirements. The common elements underpinning the repositioning of utility companies were reviewed. These include: (1) the break-down of vertically integrated utilities into competitive production and retailing activities, (2) power generation as a price sensitive commodity business that favours low-cost producers, and (3) the emergence of marketers and brokers in the retail end of the business. The convergence of the gas and electricity markets as well as the electricity and telecommunications markets is another factor that will become increasingly important in the near future. This and the emergence of small-scale combined cycle gas turbines, now capable of delivering energy at prices competitive with large scale facilities, are just two examples of the impact of rapidly advancing technology.

  10. Relevance between the degree of industrial competition and fair value information: Study on the listed companies in China

    Xuemin Zhuang; Yonggen Luo


    Purpose: The purpose of this article is to study whether there exists natural relationship between fair value and corporate external market. A series of special phenomenon in the application of fair value arouses our research interests, which present evidences on how competition affects the correlation of fair value information. Design/methodology/approach: this thesis chooses fair value changes gains and losses and calculate the ratio of DFVPSit as the alternative variable of the fair value....

  11. Price Competition with Reduced Consumer Switching Costs: The Case of "Wireless Number Portability" in the Cellular Phone Industry

    Mengze Shi; Jeongwen Chiang; Byong-Duk Rhee


    Wireless number portability (WNP) is a telecommunication regulatory policy that requires cellular phone service providers to allow customers who switch service subscriptions to retain their original phone numbers. The right to retain the number lowers the switching cost for a consumer. Thus, the purpose of the policy is to induce more competition and facilitate the growth of new or small service providers. In this paper, we show that WNP drives market price downward as expected but with a sur...

  12. Agricultural determinations of industrial competitiveness. The case of Arcor Las determinaciones agrícolas de la competitividad industrial. El caso de Arcor

    Verónica Baudino


    Full Text Available Arcor is one of the few Argentine companies globally successful. In this paper, we report the progress of our research, showing that the accrual basis of the company is far from new. It sits on the competitiveness of agriculture pampas.Arcor es una de las pocas empresas argentinas exitosas a nivel mundial. En el presente trabajo, exponemos los avances de nuestra investigación, mostrando que la base de acumulación de la empresa dista de ser novedosa. En efecto, se asienta en la competitividad de la agricultura pampeana.

  13. Analysis on the Competition of Agricultural Industrial Clusters%基于GEM模型的湖北省农业产业集群竞争力分析



    农业产业集群的形成是现代农业发展的必然趋势,对农业产业化经营起到重要的推动作用。GEM模型评价的结果显示,湖北省发展农业产业集群具有良好的基础和市场条件,但存在龙头企业规模整体偏小,农业社会化服务供给不足、农产品加工能力弱等问题。基于上述分析,提出了提升湖北省农业产业集群竞争力的政策建议。%Agricultural industrial cluster has become an irresistible trend in the development of modern agriculture and it also gives a boost in the process of agricultural industrial management.The result based on the GEM model shows that Hubei Province has a good foundation and market conditions in developing the agricultural industry cluster,but still encounters some problems such as the small scale formation of the leading enterprises,the insufficient supply of agricultural social service,the weakness in agricultural products processing and so on.Based on the above analysis,policy recommendations in order to enhance the competitiveness of the agricultural industry cluster in Hubei Province are proposed.

  14. 基于SSA的江苏服务业行业竞争力分析%Study on the competitiveness of service industry in Jiangsu: based on SSA



    Taking the national and the developed areas as reference region respectively, the shift-share analysis model is employed to analyze the competitiveness of service industry in Jiangsu since 2004. The results show that:l) The service industry of Jiangsu is increasing fast. In the model, relative to the national and the developed areas, the whole increments of service industry are both more than its regional shares in Jiangsu. 2) The structure contribution of hi-tech producer services is not high, especially, relative to the developed areas, the whole structure effect index of Jiangsu's service industry is less than 1. This indicates the modern service industry of Jiangsu develops slowly and the structural problem is outstanding. 3) Relative to the national and the developed areas, almost all the differential shifts of the service industry are positive, the whole effect indexes of competition are both more than 1, all these indicate the competitiveness of the Jiangsu's service industry is relatively strong and the service industry will take on a good development situation. And 4) the whole effect index is more than 1, the service industry in Jiangsu has a great comprehensive developing potential.%基于偏离份额分析(SSA)方法,分别以全国和发达区域为参照区,对2004年以来江苏服务业行业竞争力进行实证分析.研究发现:1)相对于全国和发达区域,江苏服务业整体经济增量均大于其区域份额分量,整体增速较快;2)属于信息、知识和技术密集的生产性服务业结构贡献率差,尤其是以发达区域为参照的总体结构效果指数小于1,表明江苏现代服务业发展缓慢,结构性问题突出;3)相对于全国和发达区域,几乎所有服务行业部门竞争偏量均为正,服务业总体竞争效果指数大于1,表明江苏服务业各行业部门具有较强的相对竞争能力,服务业发展势头强劲;4)江苏服务业行业效果指数大于1,综合发展潜力大.

  15. Methodical consultancy on optimized applications planning of industrial electrical process heat systems in competitive markets; Systematische Beratung zum optimierten Einsatz industrieller Elektroprozesswaermeanlagen im Wettbewerbsmarkt

    Sonnenschein, P.


    In the competitive electricity market, industrial customers of electric utilities increasingly are in the position to demand from their power suppliers services tailored to their needs as well as excellent quality of products and services, and at competitive prices at that. The utilities therefore have to negotiate contracts with their customers for customization of services based on jointly performed analyses, with the relevant consequences for themselves in terms of utility and business management. Customer information and counselling on energy utilization and conservation has been crystallizing as an essential service demanded by the customers. The publication in hand is a tool of reference for utilities, presenting systematic guidance and strategies for achieving enhanced efficiency in processes such as customer care, soliciting of customers, and performance of services. The project examples given show that both customers and the utilities profit from the management approaches explained. It is recommended that in future, the marketing training of utility staff should be designed along the lines of education, training and on-the-job training schemes of sales engineers of other branches of industry in competitive markets. (orig./CB) [Deutsch] Die industriellen Kunden der Energieversorgungsunternehmen (EVU) konfrontieren ihre Lieferanten im neuen Wettbewerbsmarkt mit Forderungen nach individueller Betreuung sowie exzellenten Produkt- und Servicequalitaeten - und dies alles zu wettbewerbsfaehigen Preisen. Die Anforderungen an Energiedienstleistungen werden zunaechst aus Sicht der Kunden analysiert und die Konsequenzen fuer das Management von Geschaeftsbeziehungen dargelegt. Hierbei kristallisiert sich die Energieberatung als ein wesentliches Element der Energiedienstleistungen heraus. Mit der entwickelten Beratungssystematik sollen sowohl die Effektivitaet bei der Betreuung und der Akquisition der Kunden als auch die Effizienz bei der Erbringung der

  16. 中国新疆与哈萨克斯坦的产业国际竞争力比较%A Comparative Study of Industrial International Competitiveness between Xinjiang,China and Kazakhstan

    任群罗; 伊万·沙拉法诺夫


    本文运用层次分析法,从竞争实力、竞争潜力、竞争环境和竞争态势四个方面构建了区域内产业国际竞争力评价体系,并对新疆与哈萨克斯坦的产业国际竞争力进行比较分析。分析得出:哈萨克斯坦的产业国际竞争力总体高于中国新疆。为此,中国新疆必须加快三次产业结构的升级换代,创造产业竞争实力的内在动力;加大人才培养和科技投入力度,增强产品创新能力,以提高产品科技含量,从而提高其产业国际竞争力;抓住“丝绸之路经济带”核心区的机遇,转变中哈经贸合作方式,加快推进工业化进程,以提升产业国际竞争力。%This paper ,using the analytic hierarchy process ,constructed the evaluation system of intra -regional industrial interna-tional competitiveness , which is based on four main factors: competitive strength ,competitive potential ,competitive environment and competitive posture ,and on the basis of it conducted a comparative analysis on the industrial international competitiveness of Xinjiang and Kazakhstan .Research result shows ,that the industrial international competitiveness of Kazakhstan is generally high -er rather in Xinjiang .For this purpose ,Xinjiang must increase the upgrading speed of its tertiary industries structure by creating internal drive ,which will push forward the industrial competitive strength of the whole region;In order to improve the technology content of products , Xinjiang must strengthen personnel training , increase investment in science and technology , enhance the product innovation ability ,thereby improve its industrial international competitiveness;Xinjiang has to seize the core area opportu-nity of Chinese“Silk Road Economic Belt”to transform economic and trade cooperation between China and Kazakhstan ,which will promote industrialization process and enhance the industrial competitiveness of two regions .

  17. Directory of French photovoltaic research and industry 2011; Annuaire de la recherche et de l'industrie photovoltaiques francaises 2011

    Poubeau, Romain; Simmonet, Raphael; Canals, Jonathan


    After an overview of what is at stake in terms of industrial employment in the photovoltaic sector, a presentation of competitiveness clusters, a description of the value chain (cell manufacturers, arrays manufacturers, power inverter manufacturers, electric equipment manufacturers, structure component manufacturers, fabrication steps, etc.) in the photovoltaic sector, this document proposes a directory (addresses, activity descriptions) of research and industrial actors of the photovoltaic sector in France: research centres, manufacturers, industrial projects

  18. The Effect of the Internal Side of Social Responsibility on Firm Competitive Success in the Business Services Industry

    M. Isabel Sánchez-Hernández


    Full Text Available This work focuses on the internal side of social responsibility of organizations in a regional context. Through a survey of 590 managers in classical business services (human-capital intensive and representative of the productive economy of the Region of Extremadura (Spain, an empirical analysis is conducted. First, a factor analysis is conducted to explore the main dimensions of the internal face of Social Responsibility and second, a structural equations model is developed to look for a relationship with business competitiveness. Business performance and innovation are also considered in the model. The main contribution of the article is the establishment of a set of indicators that will help to build an ongoing and meaningful dialogue with employees improving their quality of life at work that will also serve as important guidance for the increasing of the firm’s competitiveness through responsible human resources practices. Some suggestions for a research agenda emerge from this first attempt to approach the internal side of responsibility in business.

  19. LDE centres: sprint or marathon?

    Bonger, S.; Van Rein, E.


    The aim of the Strategic Leiden-Delft-Erasmus Alliance, established by the three universities in 2012, was to improve research and education and competitiveness. Projects are intended to develop from the ground up, which led to the establishment of eight joint centres in 2013. A quick look around re

  20. Emergence of Competitive Dominant Ammonia-Oxidizing Bacterial Populations in a Full-Scale Industrial Wastewater Treatment Plant

    Layton, Alice C.; Dionisi, Hebe; Kuo, H.-W.; Robinson, Kevin G.; Garrett, Victoria M.; Meyers, Arthur; Sayler, Gary S.


    Ammonia-oxidizing bacterial populations in an industrial wastewater treatment plant were investigated with amoA and 16S rRNA gene real-time PCR assays. Nitrosomonas nitrosa initially dominated, but over time RI-27-type ammonia oxidizers, also within the Nitrosomonas communis lineage, increased from below detection to codominance. This shift occurred even though nitrification remained constant. PMID:15691975

  1. Some remarks on competitiveness in the markets of the electrical engineering industry; Bemerkungen zur Wettbewerbsfaehigkeit auf dem Elektromarkt

    Becker, F.S. [Siemens AG, Muenchen (Germany). Unternehmenskommunikation, Referat Innovation und Umweltschutz


    The paper discusses the particular role and constraints of this branch of industry with respect to manufacturers' compliance with environmental policy objectives and regulations on the one hand, and impact on consumer behaviour on the other hand. Industry calls for more commitment and steering function by the State, e.g. via appropriate eco-political information of the public, combined with positive incentives to pay the price for environmentally compatible electrical consumer goods. The paper emphasizes the fact that the highly industrialized countries have to give developing countries a good example showing that protection of the environment can be managed to be affordable. (orig./CB) [German] In einer freiheitlichen Gesellschaft laesst sich Umweltschutz nur mit, nicht gegen die Mehrheit der Buerger verwirklichen. Unwissen, etablierte Gewohnheiten und mangelnde Moeglichkeiten, Fortschritte beim Umweltschutz mit persoenlich erfahrbaren Vorteilen zu verbinden, sind dabei die groessten Hindernisse auf dem Wege zum richtigen Handeln. Waehrend die Aufgabe der Industrie darin besteht, den gewuenschten Kundennutzen moeglichst umweltgerecht anzubieten, koennen Staat und Gesellschaft durch positive Anreize und Signale die Entwicklung in die richtige Richtung lenken, anstatt nur mit der wenig anziehend wirkenden Oekosteuer zu winken. Eine solche argumentative Schwerpunktverlagerung waere auch von entscheidender Bedeutung fuer die Akzeptanz des Umweltschutzes in den aufstrebenden Industrielaendern, wo bisher dieses Thema haeufig primaer unter der Rubrik 'behindernde und verteuernde Massnahmen' abgelegt wird. (orig.)

  2. Emergence of Competitive Dominant Ammonia-Oxidizing Bacterial Populations in a Full-Scale Industrial Wastewater Treatment Plant

    Layton, Alice C.; Dionisi, Hebe; Kuo, H.-W.; Robinson, Kevin G; Garrett, Victoria M.; Meyers, Arthur; Sayler, Gary S.


    Ammonia-oxidizing bacterial populations in an industrial wastewater treatment plant were investigated with amoA and 16S rRNA gene real-time PCR assays. Nitrosomonas nitrosa initially dominated, but over time RI-27-type ammonia oxidizers, also within the Nitrosomonas communis lineage, increased from below detection to codominance. This shift occurred even though nitrification remained constant.

  3. Enhancing the competitiveness of an SMME in the automotive industry through the introduction of laser based manufacturing. A case study

    Burger, HP


    Full Text Available The Automotive Industry uses large volumes of woven synthetic cloth in their paint shops. The cloth is used to clean the car bodies prior to painting. A basic requirement for this application is that the cloth is lint free to avoid blemishes...

  4. Study on the Competitiveness of Pudong Exhibition Industry Cluster in Shanghai Based on GEM Model%基于GEM模型的上海浦东会展产业集群竞争力研究



    产业集群是一种新的区域发展趋势。浦东会展产业已经形成了相对完整的产业集群。在此背景下,基于GEM理论模型,依据上海浦东会展产业调查数据的分析结果,构建了上海浦东会展产业集群竞争力的指标体系,得出了各指标的权重分布;通过对各指标数值的定量分析,得出其会展产业竞争力指数,从而找到了上海浦东会展产业集群的薄弱环节,并提出了对策,以期提高竞争优势,推动上海浦东会展产业集群的进一步发展。%Industry cluster is new regional developments trends. Pudong exhibition industry has formed a relatively complete indus-trial cluster. Under the situdation, it aims to establish an index system and weight distribution of Pudong exhibition industry cluster competition accoding to GEM theory and under the analysis of the corresponding data of Pudong exhibition industry cluster competi-tion qustionare. The exhibition industry cluster competitiveness index is got in order to facilitate the understanding of the weak links of Pudong in Shanghai exhibition industry cluster through the quantitative analysis of the competitiveness level. Pudong exhibition industry cluster inadequate analysis and countermeasure is proposed in order to increase its competitive advantage, and promote the development of the exhibition industry cluster in Shanghai Pudong.

  5. SEM and AES Analysis of Corrosion in Steel Cans of Meat and Poultry Food Industry Influenced by Microorganisms Affecting the Competitiveness in Northwest of Mexico

    César Sánchez Ocampo


    Full Text Available The food industry of meat and poultry food is very important activity in the economy of the northwest of Mexico where the Sonora state (with Hermosillo and Santa Ana cities as arid and semiarid zones and Guaymas as marine regions and Baja California state (Mexicali as arid zone and Tijuana as marine region are located. The meat and poultry industries produce meat, milk, and eggs, which are recommended for their nutritive properties. An evaluation of micro- and nanocorrosion was made with an optical sensor used to detect microorganisms (MO inside of the steel cans. The techniques applied to evaluate the deterioration were the Scanning Electron Microscopy (SEM and the Auger Electron Spectroscopy (AES, to obtain the morphology of microorganisms formed in the internal area of the metallic containers. Also the chemical composition to identify and determine the conditions for growth of microorganisms was obtained with respect to moisture and temperature in each region analyzed. The sulfur was the principal pollutant agent in arid and semiarid zones and chloride in marine zones that promoted the corrosion process. The presence of corrosion in the food industry decreases their competitiveness.

  6. Industry

    Bernstein, Lenny; Roy, Joyashree; Delhotal, K. Casey; Harnisch, Jochen; Matsuhashi, Ryuji; Price, Lynn; Tanaka, Kanako; Worrell, Ernst; Yamba, Francis; Fengqi, Zhou; de la Rue du Can, Stephane; Gielen, Dolf; Joosen, Suzanne; Konar, Manaswita; Matysek, Anna; Miner, Reid; Okazaki, Teruo; Sanders, Johan; Sheinbaum Parado, Claudia


    This chapter addresses past, ongoing, and short (to 2010) and medium-term (to 2030) future actions that can be taken to mitigate GHG emissions from the manufacturing and process industries. Globally, and in most countries, CO{sub 2} accounts for more than 90% of CO{sub 2}-eq GHG emissions from the industrial sector (Price et al., 2006; US EPA, 2006b). These CO{sub 2} emissions arise from three sources: (1) the use of fossil fuels for energy, either directly by industry for heat and power generation or indirectly in the generation of purchased electricity and steam; (2) non-energy uses of fossil fuels in chemical processing and metal smelting; and (3) non-fossil fuel sources, for example cement and lime manufacture. Industrial processes also emit other GHGs, e.g.: (1) Nitrous oxide (N{sub 2}O) is emitted as a byproduct of adipic acid, nitric acid and caprolactam production; (2) HFC-23 is emitted as a byproduct of HCFC-22 production, a refrigerant, and also used in fluoroplastics manufacture; (3) Perfluorocarbons (PFCs) are emitted as byproducts of aluminium smelting and in semiconductor manufacture; (4) Sulphur hexafluoride (SF{sub 6}) is emitted in the manufacture, use and, decommissioning of gas insulated electrical switchgear, during the production of flat screen panels and semiconductors, from magnesium die casting and other industrial applications; (5) Methane (CH{sub 4}) is emitted as a byproduct of some chemical processes; and (6) CH{sub 4} and N{sub 2}O can be emitted by food industry waste streams. Many GHG emission mitigation options have been developed for the industrial sector. They fall into three categories: operating procedures, sector-wide technologies and process-specific technologies. A sampling of these options is discussed in Sections 7.2-7.4. The short- and medium-term potential for and cost of all classes of options are discussed in Section 7.5, barriers to the application of these options are addressed in Section 7.6 and the implication of

  7. 基于ANP的西安市文化创意产业动态竞争优势研究%Research on the Dynamic Competitive Advantage of Cultural and Creative Industry in Xi’an Based on ANP

    邓俊荣; 周娇


    The development of cultural and creative industry is expected to lead Xi'an on a new round of industrial restructuring and economic take-off. Building a sustainable dynamic competitive advantage is the only way for the future development of cultural and creative industry in Xi'an. Starting from the dynamic perspective of industry competitive advantage, using the analytic network process (ANP), this paper explors and studies the dynamic competitive advantage of cultural and creative industry in Xi’an, providing policy advices for the cultural and creative industry in Xi'an to build sustainable dynamic competitive advantage.%文化创意产业的发展有望引领西安在新一轮产业重组和经济起飞的征途上成为新的发展极。构建持续动态竞争优势是西安未来文化创意产业发展的必由之路。本文从产业竞争优势的动态性视角出发,利用网络层次分析法(ANP),对西安市文化创意产业的动态竞争优势进行探讨和研究,为西安市文化创意产业构建持续动态竞争优势提供政策建议。




    当前形势下,钢铁企业竞争情报工作有其复杂性与艰巨性,它不仅需要企业情报工作人员具有复合型知识结构,而且要有对情报收集和分析才能,更需要对企业内部环境、发展战略和市场策略的深刻理解,还要具备较好的人际交往技能和组织协调能力,同时还要做好反竞争情报工作。%Under the current condition, competitive intelligence work of steel industry has its own complexity and difficulty, it requires that intelligence staff not only have complex intellectual structure, but also have the ability of collecting and analyzing intelligence. It also requires that intelligence staff have in-depth knowledge of internal environment, development strategy and marketing strategy of enterprise. It also requires that intelligence staff have good interpersonal communication skill, organization and coordination skill. Meanwhile, it requires that intelligence staff can do the counter-competitive intelligence work well.

  9. Industrialization


    Second World era international system (1945-1990) may not have done any good to ... wedge between the capitalist and socialist blocs, not only blurred Third World .... Politics and the Stages of Economic Growth, Cambridge: Cambridge ... complex industries producing mainly for export, but also producing for local.

  10. Structural Equation Model of the Catering Industrial Competitiveness of Province- level Regions in China%中国省级区域餐饮业竞争力的结构方程模型



    提升餐饮业竞争力日渐引起政府重视,但学界对餐饮业竞争力的理论研究仍有待深入.本文采用结构方程模型方法,对中国省级区域餐饮业竞争力进行了理论和实证研究,验证了生产要素、关联产业、需求条件和企业结构对餐饮业竞争力具有直接的、正向的、依次减弱的影响,并由此构建了中国省级区域餐饮业竞争力的结构方程模型和评价方法.%Although upgrading catering industrial competitiveness is attached much significance by government recently, academic studies on it are still in the description stage. Based on the Structural Equation Model, this paper made an academic and empirical research on Chinese regional catering industrial competitiveness. The paper demonstrates that regional catering industrial competitiveness is influenced directly and positively by four factors, namely factors of production, related-industries, demands and enterprise structure, whose influence degrees decrease in sequence. This paper ends with a suggested structural equation model and evaluation model for evaluation regional catering industrial competitiveness.

  11. Research on Establishing Chinese Logistics Industry International Competitivity Generation Model Based on Internet of Things%基于物联网的我国物流业国际竞争力生成模型构建研究

    李莉; 张子晗; 苑德江


    首先回顾了物流业国际竞争力影响因素和物联网方面的理论文献,对当前我国物流业的国际竞争力进行了分析,在此基础上,创新性地构建了基于物联网的我国物流业国际竞争力生成模型,探讨物联网对物流业国际竞争力不同维度的影响,并从政府、行业和企业三个方面提出了发展建议.%The paper reviews the theoretical literature of the factors affecting the international competitiveness of the logistics industry and on the theories of the internet of things, analyzes the international competitiveness of logistics industry of China and builds the logistics industry international competitivity generation model based on the internet of things. It then explores the impact of internet of things on the various dimensions of international competitiveness of the logistics industry. At last, the paper gives recommendations from the aspects of government, industry and enterprise.

  12. 中国银行业的市场竞争特性——基于PR模型的分析%An Analysis of the Market Competition Characteristics of Chinese Banking Industry

    彭欢; 孙丽璐; 谭建伟


    本文运用中国100家不同类型银行的面板数据,使用PR模型研究了中国银行业竞争的特性。结果表明,中国银行业总体上呈现垄断竞争的格局,市场竞争的变化不是单一的,与宏观经济的景气度正相关。四大国有银行间的竞争具有显著的完全竞争特点,这主要归因于中国对银行业实行的“以国家的名义垄断,以市场的身份竞争”政策,非国有银行在处理“软信息”方面的比较优势,使得非国有银行之间的竞争呈现出较强的地区差异。随着改革的深入,中国银行业已经开始呈现出在表外金融服务细分市场上运作的专业化、非国有银行和四大国有银行并肩齐驱的格局。%The reform path of the gradual deregulation in China's banking sector differs from that in the western countries. Does this difference in the deregulation process necessarily lead to a difference between the market com- petition among banks in China and competition among banks in the western countries? If there are differences, what could have caused them? Since deregulation changed the market competition structure, whether there are differ- ences between the competitions among banks with different ownership property? In other words, is the competition among the state-owned banks different from the competition among non-state-owned banks? What could have led to these differences and what behavioral gap are hidden behind these different market competitions due to different ownership structure? The answer to these questions helps to better understand the essence of the reform in China's banking industry and also contributes to the policy-making. Employing the globally-popular Panzar-Rosse model ( PR Model) in measuring the competition of the banking industry, this paper applies the panel data of 100 Chinese banks to study the competition characteristics of China's banking industry. The empirical study presents a monopolistic

  13. Social Network, Competitiveness of Industry Cluster and SMEs' Internationalization%社会网络、产业集群竞争力与中小企业国际化

    周小虎; 刘冰洁


    国际化是我国中小企业实现转型升级的重要路径,如何找到在资源与能力短缺下,推进企业国际化进程呢?实践表明,产业集群社会网络与集群竞争力和企业国际化之间具有内在关联性,即集群社会网络有助于集群竞争力提升,而集群竞争力影响着企业国际化进程,由此提出了对中小企业社会网络的国际化模型。本文运用AHP方法,利用江苏纺织产业集群数据对社会网络模型进行了检验,社会网络模型的核心观点获取支持。本文结论有助于支持这样一种观点,即成功国际化首先在于提升集群竞争能力,特别是完善产业链内的辅助性服务企业,而集群中基于分工协作的信任、互惠规范等社会网络属性对于国际化有着重要影响。%For small and medium-sized enterprises (SMEs) in China, Internationalization is an important path to transformation and upgrading. Internationalization can help SMEs obtain strategic resources, key technologies as well as build international brands. However, due to financial and personnel shortages, especially the lack of inter- national business knowledge and information, many companies fail in entering international market. At the back- ground of the shortage of resources and capabilities, how to find internationalization path and enhance international- ization process is undoubtedly an important subject in today's business management. Many practices reveal the inherent correlation between the social networks of industrial clusters, cluster com- petitiveness and the internationalization of the enterprises. According to Padmore & Gibson's GEM model, only the basic factors (resources and facilities) and corporate factors (supply suppliers and supporting industries; business structure, strategy and competition), likewise the market factors (external market and internal market), that deter- mines the competitiveness of industrial

  14. Evolutionist approach of upstream activities competitiveness of the petroleum industry in a long term perspective; Approche evolutionniste de la competitivite des activites amont de la filiere petroliere dans une perspective de long terme

    Dos Santos, E.M.


    The purpose of this work is to analyze the concept of competitiveness of companies and nations in the upstream sector of the international oil industry, trying to identify the possibilities of future development of this sector as well as the interactions that may exist between different actors such as governments, consumers and oil companies to boost or re-launch the competitive position of their enterprises and countries in the international context of the industry. In order to attain that, we analyze the developments of the most important economic attributes that characterize the oil activity as well as its most crucial political aspects. We develop a model of `oil competition` and a definition of `oil competitiveness` that take clearly into consideration both the differences between various oil actors and the dynamic aspects linked to the evolution of the oil industry. We do so by constructing an evolutionist model of competition and competitiveness. This approach emulates a `biological process` where firms and the economic environment interact with each other within a process similar to `natural selection` with the survival of the fittest. This evolutionist model adopts some analytical instruments established by Michael Porter, from the University of Harvard, to interpret the changes and the dissimilarities of behavior of various oil actors as well as to explain their respective role in the new oil world that is being organized. Thus, we introduce the notions of `dominant form of competition` and `generic strategy of enterprises`. Then, we use our methodology to analyze the past of the oil industry (the stability and the instability). We conclude this work by discussing about the future evolution of the oil activities in the context of a new long term cycle of investment for the sector. (author).

  15. 中国大豆产业国际竞争力分析%Analysis of the International Competitiveness of Chinese Soybean Industry

    孙莹; 何维达; 王璁


    The paper shows the present situation of the import and export of soybean, as well as the impact of WTO on Chinese soybean industry. It also indicates the theory as well as background of the international competitiveness; Ac- cording to the analysis of the results, the comparative advantage of different nations can be defined ; Based on the share or situation of the global market, and comparing with other main competitors, advantage and disadvantage of soybean industry in China can be analyzed, hence the contributing factor can be found.%本文介绍了中国大豆进出口现状以及通过国际竞争力评价指标体系说明中国大豆出口的竞争优势与劣势,综合中国大豆产业所存在的问题和所具有的优势,提出在WTO的规则下,中国应采取的对策.


    Ruxandra CIULU


    Full Text Available The particularity of hospitality industries in Eastern Europe is that, although most the officials consider tourism & hospitality a strategic priority, a vast majority of researchers and industrialists agree that not enough steps have been taken. Our research focused on the case of Romania, a country facing the challenge of limited qualified personnel in the field, and was built upon qualitative and quantitative tools, examining three groups of potential, part-time & full-time employees, as well as employers, as a fourth group. Results largely support literature in terms of employees being underpaid, undertrained and insufficiently motivated. Still, they can be considered rather suprising in terms of decreasing interest of graduates for the hospitality sector over time and migration to other sectors.

  17. Minister unveils new nanotech centres

    Dumé, Belle


    Three new nanotechnology research centres are to be set up in France as part of a €70m government plan to help French companies in the sector. Researchers at the new centres, which will be located in Grenoble, Saclay (near Paris) and Toulouse, will be encouraged to collaborate with industry to develop new nanotech-based products. Dubbed NANO-INNOV, the new plan includes €46m for two new buildings at Saclay, with the rest being used to buy new equipment at the three centres and to fund grant proposals from staff to the French National Research Agency (ANR).

  18. 波特理论在纺织行业竞争结构分析中的应用%The application of Michael E.Porter theory in competition structure analysing of textile industry

    薛文生; 张爱香; 梁建芳; 祝双武


    The competition structure of textile industry with the competition model of Michael E. porter and the theory of industry structure are analysed in this paper. Through analysing the present situation and the trend of the textile industry, there is a leading function to the textile industry in China.%应用波特的竞争力模型和行业的结构分析理论分析了纺织行业的竞争结构.通过分析纺织行业的现状和发展趋势,对我国纺织行业的改革和纺织企业的发展具有一定的指导作用.

  19. 基于“钻石模型”的江西光伏产业竞争力研究%Research on the Competitiveness of Jiangxi's Photovoltaic Industry Based on Diamond Mode

    林良; 邓文; 赵远东


    Based on Porter Diamond Model, factor conditions, demand conditions, firm strategy, structure and rivalry, related and supportive industries, government and chance are six elements in the analysis of the competitiveness of Jiangxi's photovoltaic industry. Then this article puts forward suggestions how to enhance industrial competitiveness of Jiangxi's photovoltaic industry.%本文基于波特的钻石模型,从生产要素,需求条件,企业战略、企业结构和同业竞争以及相关产业、支持产业四个决定因素以及政府和机遇两个辅助因素,对江西光伏产业竞争力进行了系统分析,揭示产业竞争力现状,据此找出提升我省光伏产业竞争力的对策和建议。

  20. 基于生产理论的产业竞争情报需求模型研究%Study on Industry Competitive Intelligence Demand Model Based on Production Theory

    王娟娟; 陈峰


    s This paper analyzes the properties of competitive intelligence as a factor of production, on this premise, an industry competi-tive intelligence demand model is built by the production theory in economics. The model shows the decrease of industry competitive intel-ligence cost brings the increase of the demand for industry competitive intelligence, and a following upgrading on the level of organization-al effectiveness. The cost function of industry competitive intelligence shows that, with an unchanged industry competitive intelligence sys-tem, the higher the matching level between the supply and demand for content and quantity of industry competitive intelligence, the lower the cost is. Therefore, the industry competitive intelligence should be provided according to their real demand and should be carefully tailor-made in content for different organizations.%  分析了竞争情报的生产要素属性,在此基础上利用经济学生产理论,构建了产业竞争情报需求模型。模型指出产业竞争情报成本下降,引起产业竞争情报需求量增加和机构效益水平提高。依据产业竞争情报成本函数可知,在产业竞争情报体系条件不变的情况下,产业竞争情报供给内容和供给量越符合单个机构的产业竞争情报需求内容和需求量,产业竞争情报的成本越低,因此应针对不同的机构提供符合其竞争情报需求内容和需求量的产业竞争情报。

  1. EDITORIAL: Physics competitions Physics competitions

    Jordens, H.; Mathelitsch, L.


    students are allowed to use any method they like, are coached by teachers, and are encouraged to ask for help from experts at research centres or universities. Finally, they must prepare a 12-minute presentation. A tournament consists of different contests. In each contest, three teams are involved: the reporting team is challenged by an opponent team to present a task. This presentation is then criticized by the opponent, pointing out merits and possible weak parts. The discussion between the two representatives of the teams is a central element of a contest. The third team acts as reviewer, giving final comments on the performances of the contesting teams. At the end, a jury grades the performances of all three teams. Then, the different roles of the teams rotate, and the students also rotate roles within the teams. The competition started in the former Soviet Union in 1988 and became international for the first time in 1994 when it was organized in Groningen, The Netherlands. In the 2008 tournament in Trogir, Croatia, teams from 24 countries participated [5]. Since this tournament is younger and less known, the national pre-selections are not as well established and numerous as for the Olympiad. Also, the training is different: in addition to developing experimental skills and physical understanding of the problems, the students must organize their performances, share work and responsibilities, and must train in the techniques of presentation and debate (in English). The winner of the tournament in Croatia was the team from Germany. Their presentation in the finals was an experimental and theoretical investigation into the Kaye effect. The students wrote up their presentation, and it is reproduced here as the second paper in this special section. Again, different in spirit and aim is 'First Step to Nobel Prize in Physics' [6]. This competition started in 1991 in Poland and encourages students to take their first steps in physics research. Students of 20 years old or

  2. Structure and Competitiveness of Manufacturing Industry Based on the Shift-share Analysis in Kaifeng City%基于偏离-份额法开封市制造业结构和竞争力研究

    辛向阳; 乔家君


    It is an important question that structure and competitiveness of manufacturing industry. The paper makes a system analysis of the existing present situation and development of manufacturing industry structure , and then puts forward some points of view. Firstly, the structure of manufacturing industry in Kaifeng City makes better contribution to its economic development, which it is a good situation of most industries'development. Secondly>the competitiveness of most departments of manufacturing industry is tending to weaken now,and its competitiveness is urgent to be improved. At the end , the paper puts forward some countermeasures of enhancing the competitiveness of manufacturing industry in Kaifeng City according to the above analysis. We must seize the development opportunity of the national strategy of Central Plains Economic Zone and play the advantage ourselves, and make the capital attraction hardly, and develop high and new technology industry, and make an extension of industry chain, and so on.%运用偏离-份额法,较系统探索开封市制造业现状及发展.发现开封市制造业结构对经济增长贡献较大,行业势头发展良好;开封市制造业绝大多数部门的竞争力趋于弱化,开封市制造业的竞争力急需提高,提出了增强开封市制造业竞争力的主要措施:紧抓“中原经济区国家发展战略”机遇,发挥自身优势,大力招商引资,发展高新技术产业,延长产业链条等.

  3. 试论当前生物产业竞争力与经济战略对策%On the Bio-industry Competitiveness and Economic Strategy and Countermeasures



    本文在解释生物产业竞争力概念的基础上,分析了我国目前生物产业发展的现状和存在的问题,根据生物产业的特性,在依据波特的产业竞争理论的基础上,分析了生物产业竞争力的决定因素,同时分析了我国在生物产业发展的现状与不足,提出了具体的经济战略及措施.%This article explains the concept of bio-industry competitiveness, on this basis analyzes the development status of bio-industry and the existing problems. According to the characteristics of the biotechnology industry and Porter's industry competition theory, the determinants of bio-industry competitiveness and the condition and problems of China's industrial development are analyzed and the economic strategies and measures are pointed out.


    Mester Liana-Eugenia


    Full Text Available Competitiveness designates efficiency, productivity, success, adaptability, quality products, optimum costs. Competitiveness is a complex concept which defines the ability of a firm or country to cope with actual or potential competition companies or countries on a particular market, on the world market respectively and it is synonymous with economic efficiency; competitiveness reflects a certain state of the economic activity arising from a certain resource consumption in order to achieve economic goods. Supporting the national competitiveness and flexibility is aimed at a sustained increase in productivity relying on the diversification and the innovation of the domestic industrial base. The Global Competitiveness Report 2011-2012 ranks Romania as the 77th out of 142 assessed economies. Romania has access to a large market and free trade area, which makes it attractive for many foreign companies, but Romania needs a coherent economic policy that changes the approach used today - from the traditionalist design of restructuring following the resources and, therefore, related to the comparative advantage to finding solutions that stimulate the activities based on knowledge and information so that they allow the emphasis of the competitive advantages. This paper aims to identify the factors and reasons that gave rise to the level of competitiveness for some activities or fields of activities from the economy of Romania during the reporting period, as well as the possibilities that would lead to increasing and supporting the competitiveness of the national economy.

  5. Competitiveness and linking of emission trading systems

    Hausotter, Tobias; Steuwer, Sibyl; Taenzler, Dennis [adelphi, Berlin (Germany)


    The establishment of emission trading systems raises concerns among industries regarding international competitive disadvantages for the industries under an emissions cap. This study aims to assess competitiveness exposure of industrial sectors and presents policy measures to address these concerns. Moreover, the study provides a comparison of different existing approaches to competitiveness concerns proposed by regional emission trading systems. (orig.)

  6. Efeito da densidade e proporção de plantas de tomate industrial e de maria-pretinha em competição Density and proportion effects of industrial tomato and nightshade plants under competition

    D.D. Hernandez


    Full Text Available O presente trabalho foi realizado com o objetivo de quantificar as interações competitivas e os índices de competitividade entre plantas de tomate industrial (Lycopersicon esculentum cv. Heinz 9553 e maria-pretinha (Solanum americanum. Usou-se como método um experimento substitutivo, com densidade total de 40 plantas m-2 e 11 proporções, além das monoculturas em densidades, que variaram de 20 a 100 plantas m-2, em intervalos de 20 plantas, conduzidos no delineamento de blocos casualizados com três repetições. Os resultados obtidos foram analisados pelo método convencional de análise de experimentos substitutivos e pela produção recíproca total. A maria-pretinha mostrou ser um competidor mais agressivo que o tomate, sendo mais importante a competição interespecífica para a planta cultivada. Para a biomassa seca total, as duas espécies não competiram pelos mesmos fatores de crescimento. Já para a área foliar, as duas espécies se mostraram competidoras pelos mesmos fatores de crescimento, mostrando ser essa a característica mais sensível à interferência.This work aimed to quantify the competitive interactions and the competitiveness indexes among plants of industrial tomato (Lycopersicon esculentum cv. Heinz 9553 and nightshade (Solanum americanum. The methodology used was a replacement series experiment with a total density of 40 plants m-2 and 11 proportions, besides the monocultures in densities varying from 20 to 100 plants m-2, in intervals of 20 plants, conducted in a randomized complete block design with three replications. The results were analyzed by the conventional method of analysis of replacement series experiment and for total reciprocal production. The nightshade plant was shown to be a more aggressive competitor than the tomato, with inter-specific competition being more important for the cultivated plant. For the dry aboveground biomasses, the two species did not compete for the same natural resources

  7. 专卖体制下中国烟草产业竞争模式分析%Analysis of China's tobacco industry competition modes in the government monopoly environment

    李天飞; 孙林岩


    影响烟草产业竞争结构的一个重要方面是国家政策和管理体制.由于烟草的双重特征,国家一般通过提高税收和限制产量强化对烟草市场的干预,扭曲市场价格信号,从而使烟草产业竞争在很大程度上偏离了自由竞争的态势.目前我国烟草产业整体处于政府垄断,但卷烟的生产处于国家计划体制下的多元竞争,导致行政垄断与过度竞争并存.国家给每个卷烟企业规定产量,企业之间可通过产量指标的有价转让实现产量调节,竞争表现为基于配额交易的产量竞争、产销增值竞争、产品细分市场竞争等三种主要模式.%China is by far the largest producer of tobacco products in the world. As a big tax source, tobacco industry brings about 10% of China' s annual income. At present tobacco industry is under the administrative monopoly management in China. The nation's policy and management mechanism greatly influence the competition structure of tobbacco industry. Due to the double character of tobacco, the country generally imposes a high tax and limits total product output in order to control the tobacco market. Therefore, the price signal of tobacco market is distorted and to a large extent the competition of the industry is far from a free one. The cigarette production is in a multi-element competition style within the nation' s planning system. In other words, administrative monopoly and over-competition exist simultaneously in China' s tobacco industry. The country predetermines the output quota of each cigarette manufacturing enterprise and the actual production outputs of these enterprises could be adjusted through the quota trades among them. The competition in tobacco industry is mainly represented in 3 modes, i. e. production output competition based on quota trades, value-added competition in producing and marketing, and the niche market competition based on product classification.

  8. Analysis on competitiveness of Chinese deep-sea fishery industry based on diamond model%基于钻石模型的我国远洋渔业竞争力分析



    The author uses Professor Porter's diamond model to analyze variety of competitive factors which impact on this industry,and proposes a solutions to enhance the international competitiveness of the industry.Although the competitive advantage is not very obvious,some parts of deep-sea fishery has been stronger and stronger.%运用钻石模型理论,对影响我国远洋渔业国际竞争力的多种竞争因素进行分析,并提出提高我国远洋渔业国际竞争力的对策.总体上看我国仍与远洋渔业强国存在差距,竞争优势不明显,但局部已构成一定的发展强势.

  9. Internet como fonte de vantagem competitiva: um caso na indústria portuária Internet as source of competitive advantage: a case in the port industry

    Claudio Luis Cruz de Oliveira


    Full Text Available A Internet tem sido reconhecida como uma fonte de vantagem competitiva. Em países emergentes, como o Brasil, a Internet representa novas possibilidades para empresas e para inserção da economia nacional em mercados globais. A presente pesquisa objetiva entender como uma empresa atuando no setor portuário no Brasil pode obter vantagens competitivas através de aplicações baseadas em Internet. Para isto, algumas questões devem ser respondidas: (i Como uma empresa brasileira pode usar aplicações baseadas em Internet para estabelecer diferenciais frente à concorrência no setor portuário? (ii Como as características do cenário brasileiro - instabilidade econômica, legislação, impostos, mão-de-obra, criatividade - afetaram as estratégias de aplicações on-line baseadas em Internet dessa empresa? Para tanto, foram utilizados diversos elementos presentes na bibliografia sobre estratégia e tecnologia da informação. O método aplicado foi o estudo de caso, realizado em um terminal de contêineres do Porto de Santos que tem usado intensamente a Internet em suas operações.Internet has been acknowledged as a source of competitive advantage. For development countries as Brazil, the Net can bring new possibilities for companies and for national economy insertion in global markets. For this reason, Internet strategic use was analysed in a Brazilian Port. This research aims to understand how a company of the ports industry in Brazil can obtain competitive advantages through Internet-based applications. For this purpose, the following questions should be answered: (i How a Brazilian company can use Internet-based applications to establish differentials from its competitors in ports industry?(ii How the characteristics of the Brazilian environment like economic instability, laws, taxes, workforce, creativity biased on-line strategies of this company? In order to clarify these points, concepts about strategy and information technology were

  10. 安徽省装备制造业竞争力评价与对策研究%Evaluation and Improvement Strategies on Competitiveness of Equipment Manufacturing Industry in Anhui Province

    张弢; 陈硕


    This article establishes a relative integrated index evaluation system of competitiveness of equipment manufacturing industry. Factor analysis is used to evaluate the competitiveness index, which is sorted later, of the equipment manufacturing industry and each of its seven sub-industries in the internal thirty provinces, cities and municipalities (excluding the Tibet region). Contrastive analysis of this competitiveness index between Anhui province and the other provinces and regions is presented. From the aspects of enhancing the competitive industries, reinforcing the cooperation among the sub-industries, improving the independent innovation ability and etc., we propose effective countermeasures and suggestions for their competitiveness improvement.%院本文对装备制造业的竞争力构建了一个相对完整的评价指标体系,采用因子分析法对全国30个省市、自治区(不包括西藏)的装备制造业及其七个子行业的产业竞争力进行测度并排序。通过安徽省与其它省份和地区的该产业竞争力现状的对比分析,从强化优势产业,增强多方合作及提高自主创新能力等角度有针对性地提出能够有效提高安徽省装备制造业竞争力的对策建议。

  11. The Path to Improve the Competitiveness for Manufacturing Industry under Conditions of the Integration of Industrialization and Informatization%两化融合背景下制造业竞争力的提升路径

    刘吉超; 庞洋


    The deep integration of industrialization and informatization would have a profound impact on manufacturing. The depth application of information technology would significantly improve the R&D design, manufacturing and operations management of manufacturing enterprise. The digital revolution of manufacturing and the applications of distributed energy Internet which were based on the information technology would bring us distributed, social, networked mode of production, which would form decentralized, open, cooperative business structure and business model, the global industrial organization system and industrial division pattern will be reshape. Under conditions of the integration of industrialization and informatization, to transform and upgrade manufacturing and operations management process with the information technology, to focus on the both ends of the value chain through service-oriented manufacture and the development of Green Manufacturing were the main path to enhance the competitiveness for manufacturing industry.%信息化与工业化的深入融合将对制造业产生深远的影响,信息技术的深入应用将全面提升制造企业的研发设计、生产制造和运营管理水平,基于信息技术的制造数字化革命和分布式能源互联网的普及应用将带来分布式、社会化、网络化的大规模定制的生产方式,形成分散、开放、合作的社会商业架构和商业模式,重塑全球产业组织体系和产业分工格局。在两化融合的背景下,以信息化改造生产制造和经营管理全流程、通过服务化将经营重心向产业价值链的两端延伸、推动制造业向绿色化方向发展是制造业提升竞争力的主要路径。

  12. 油气资源产业集群竞争力形成机理实证研究%An Empirical Research on Formation Mechanism of Oil-Gas Industrial Cluster Competitiveness

    陈莲芳; 严良


    The paper aims at revealing the formation mechanism of oil-gas industrial cluster competitiveness to offer theoretical guidance for fostering the oil-gas industry competitiveness. To do this, combining mature RIBV ( Resource and Integration-Based View) with value chain applied in cluster, this paper proposes VBCRI (Value Chain-Based Cluster Resource Integration) which indicates that industrial cluster resources affects the formation of industrial cluster competitiveness through taking cluster value chain as the basic frame for cluster resources integration; based on VBCRI and analysis on the resources, competitiveness components and VBCRI (capability) of oil-gas industrial cluster, the paper constructs the conceptual model of the formation mechanism of the oil-gas industrial cluster competitiveness and testifies it via Structural Equation Modelling SEM based on China oil-gas industry. As the result, is that the other three types of resources (basic resource, humance resource and social relationship resource) affect indirectly and positively the formation of the oil-gas industrial cluster competitiveness through complete intermediation of VBCRI (capability), while capital resource affects the formation through partly intermediation of VBCRI (capability), which shows that VBCRI (capability) of oil-gas industrial cluster produces adequate intermediation during oil-gas industrial cluster resources that affect the formation of the oii-gas industrial cluster competitiveness, that is, the formation mechanism of the oil-gas industrial cluster competitiveness.%旨在揭示油气产业集群竞争力形成机理,据此展开讨论.首先基于成熟的资源整合观RIBV (Resource and Integration-Based View)和价值链理论在产业集群层面的拓展,通过融合形成集群资源价值链整合VBCRI( Value chain-Based Cluster Resource Integration)思想,表明产业集群资源以产业集群价值链为基本格架实施整合,从而培育产业集群竞争力;然

  13. 基于GEM模型的信阳茶产业集群竞争力分析%Analysis on the competitiveness of tea industrial cluster in Xinyang based on the GEM Model

    方玲; 吕立哲; 金开关; 赵丰华; 郑杰


    茶产业是信阳的优势和支柱产业,对当地农业现代化的发展、农民增收以及地区经济的发展具有重要作用。信阳茶产业已经形成了一定的规模,在一定范围内形成了产业聚集。本文根据GEM模型从基础、主体、市场三个方面对信阳茶产业竞争力做出分析,并提出了提高其竞争力的相关对策建议。%Tea industry is a superiority and the pillar industry in Xinyang. It plays a crucial role in the development of local agriculture modernization, including boost revenue of farmers and promoting development of local economy. The tea industry in Xinyang already had formed a primary industrial scale and also formed the industrial agglomeration. The competitiveness of tea industry in Xinyang was analyzed from three aspects (basis, main body and market) based on the GEM model, and the countermeasures to promote competitiveness of tea industry in Xinyang were discussed in this paper.

  14. Diferencias en el Posicionamiento Competitio entre Empresas de Indumentaria: Evidencia de dos ciudades Argentinas (Competitive positioning differnces between garment industry companies:A comparison between two argentinean cities

    Natacha Liseras


    Full Text Available El objetivo del presente trabajo es identificar y analizar los principales factores que explican, en la fase de comercialización, las diferencias en el posicionamiento competitivo entre empresas de indumentaria orientadas a moda y diseño (EMD. La motivación de este trabajo proviene del distinto grado de posicionamiento competitivo de firmas de indumentaria nacidas y radicadas en Mar del Plata con respecto a las empresas líderes de la industria. Mediante una metodología cuantitativa, se compara una muestra de firmas de la ciudad de Mar del Plata orientadas a moda y diseño, con otra muestra de empresas nacionales líderes en la industria. Los resultados indican que las firmas líderes se diferencian a partir de una clara idea del concepto de marca de la empresa, centrado principalmente en el diseño; la generación en los locales de venta de un ambiente asociado al concepto de marca; la realización de acciones de difusión; la interacción con clientes; la realización de promociones; el desarrollo en tiempo de colecciones y la implementación de franquicias, entre otros. Lo anterior denota el importante rol del gerente en la definición de la estrategia comercial y competitiva de la empresa. De los resultados surge la importancia de que la firma sea capaz de efectuar y adoptar innovaciones comerciales, identificar e incorporar nuevas tecnologías y contratar servicios especializados intensivos en conocimiento. En este sentido, el trabajo constituye un aporte a la toma de decisiones de las pymes del sector textil-confecciones.   ABSTRACT This work aims at identifying and analyzing the main factors that can be used to explain competitive differences in the marketing stage for fashion designoriented garment companies (FDC. The incentive for the study came from the different competitive positioning strategies of companies located in the city of Mar del Plata in relation to national industry leaders. A sample of fashion design companies from

  15. 魔芋胶与瓜胶未来产业竞争态势分析%Future Industrial Competition Analysis between Konjac Gum and Guar Gum

    张东华; 汪庆平; 骆桂英


    The biological characteristics and the distribution areas of konjac and guar bean are compared. Judging from the comprehensive compression, breeding coefficient, biological yield, sale prices, and industrial application scale, even thorough guar gum is more common in the application for its large quantity and relatively low price, konjac gum be more competitive contrast to guar gum in the future with the increase of large scale of plantation and application of with new species, A.muelleri for the fundamental characters, viscosity and jellying function more superior.%比较魔芋和瓜尔豆生物学特性、现有资源区位优势及魔芋胶和瓜胶产品性状等,魔芋胶在理化指标方面明显优于瓜胶,尤其是粘度及凝胶特性显著好于瓜胶。弥勒魔芋规模种植必将伴随魔芋产量的大幅增加,可提升我国魔芋产业在全球的市场份额及产业集中度,显著增强魔芋胶的竞争力,逐渐动摇瓜胶在传统产业中的现有竞争优势。

  16. Competitive Intelligence Analysis of the Real Estate Industry of Hefei City%面向合肥市房地产行业竞争情报分析

    程钰杰; 李光昊


    竞争情报在地产企业中已经发挥越来越重要的作用,地产行业的情报来源主要有出版物、电脑人际网络、相关的会议与招聘信息等,利用信息检索、竞争对手跟踪、市场调查、SWOT分析、定标比超等方法搜集,分析处理后形成对企业本身有作用的情报和策略.%Competitive Intelligence has played an increasingly important role in the real estate enterprise. The sources of information for the real estate industry mainly include publications, computer and social networks, related meetings and recruitment information. We can use the information retrieval, tracking competitors, market research, SWOT analysis, benchmarking ultrasonic methods to collect information, and after analysis and processing, these information can be formed as the valuable intelligence and strategy for the enterprise.

  17. Marketing CE approved off-the-shelf FC-operated power backup units for the telecom industry at competitive prices : a continuing success story

    Mortensen, P. [Dantherm Power, Skive (Denmark)


    Dantherm Power receives a steady supply of fuel cell stacks packed on pallets at its factory in Denmark. Once unpacked, they go to an assembly line to be integrated into power modules designed for telecom- and IT network-base-stations around the world. The CE approved units are designed and tested to meet current telecom standards. Customers can purchase the off-the-shelf units at competitive prices. Dantherm Power has brought fuel-cell technology beyond the research and development stage. Since 2005, the company has sold backup units providing uninterruptible power supply (UPS) to the telecom industry on standard commercial terms. Their fuel cell-based-solutions have proven to be successful. The company began in 2003 as a research and development project within Dantherm Air Handling A/S. Development was driven by the idea that a UPS-system based on hydrogen and fuel-cell-technology may be better solution than traditional battery and diesel driven backup for many of the company's existing clients.

  18. Competitiveness study of potato starch industry based on gray correlation analysis in Gansu Province%灰色关联分析的甘肃马铃薯淀粉产业竞争力研究

    史永良; 杜英; 张爱宁; 张建韬


    基于对甘肃马铃薯淀粉产业发展现状的分析,探讨影响马铃薯淀粉产业竞争力的主要因素,在此基础上,建立竞争力评价指标体系,在对各评价指标独立比较研究的基础上,运用灰色关联分析方法对我国马铃薯淀粉主产区综合竞争力进行测算,基于测算结果,对甘肃马铃薯淀粉产业竞争力状况进行分析研究.%Based on analysis of the potato starch development in Cansu Province, the impact factors of the potato starch industry competitive were explored. On this basis, the industry competitiveness evaluation index system was established based on independent evaluation. The competitiveness of the potato starch in the main producing areas of China was estimated by grey correlation analysis; moreover, the situation of potato starch industry competitiveness in Gansu Province was analyzed based on the calculation results.

  19. Study of the Influence of Large Nation Market on the International Competitive Power of China’s Industries%大国市场对培养我国产业国际竞争力的影响探析



      China’s open large nation market plays an important role in the cultivation of industrial competitive power and its development, which is meaningful for strengthening the international competitive power of China’s industries and the par-ticipation into international market competitions. However, services in China’s market have certain technical replaceable functions, which produce laziness in technological research and development and affect the improvement of industrial inter-national competitive power.%  我国开放性的大国市场在产业竞争力的培养和提升发展过程中发挥着重要的作用,对增强我国产业国际竞争力及参与国际市场竞争具有积极的意义。同时,我国大国市场里的服务对技术有一定替代作用,诱发企业产生技术研发的惰性,影响产业国际竞争力的提升。

  20. 基于波特钻石理论的秦皇岛市旅游业竞争优势分析%Analyzing the Competitive Advantages of Qinhuangdao City Tourism Industry Based on Porter's Diamond Theory



    迈克尔·波特教授提出的"钻石理论"是竞争力分析的有力工具,根据"钻石理论",从生产要素、需求条件、相关支持产业和建筑企业的竞争状况等四方面深入分析了秦皇岛市旅游业的竞争优势,上述竞争优势将为做大做强秦皇岛市旅游业提供良好的平台.%The Diamond Theory which Professor Michael.E.Porter has put forward is a power tool for competitive analysis. According to this theory,the article deeply analyzes competitive advantages of Qinhuangdao City Tourism industry from four aspects-production factors, demand condition, related support industry and competitive condition of the tourism enterprises. The above competitive advantages will provide a good terrace for making big and strong Tourism industry in Qinhuangdao City.



    Since China's entrance into WTO on Nov.10th ,2001,the export of Chinese building ceramics and sanitary wares has both soared thanks to the enhancement of products quality and decrease of tariff.In 2002 and 2003,building ceramics have seen 135% and 66% increases respectively.The same situation to sanitary wares,89% and 56% increases respectively.However,three major problems still exist.

  2. S. 473: A Bill to promote the industrial competitiveness and economic growth of the United States by strengthening the linkages between the laboratories of the Department of Energy and the private sector and by supporting the development and application of technologies critical to the economic, scientific and technological competitiveness of the United States, and for other purposes. Introduced in the House of Representatives, One Hundred Third Congress, First Session, March 2, 1993 and June 24, 1993



    The report S. 473 is a bill to promote the industrial competitiveness and economic growth of the United States by strengthening linkages between the laboratories of the Department of Energy (DOE) and the private sector and by supporting the development and application of technologies critical to the economic, scientific and technological competitiveness of the United States. The proposed legislative text is included.

  3. On the competitiveness of Anhui textile industry cluster based on GEM model%基于GEM模型的安徽纺织产业集群竞争力研究

    徐达奇; 付尧


    This paper constructs an index system for the evaluatior of competitiveness of the textile industry cluster by applying groundings-enterprises-markets(GEM) model, and quantitatively evaluates the competitiveness of the textile industry cluster in Anhui Province. Empirical study shows that the competitiveness of Anhui textile industry cluster is above the national average level, but still needs to be improved, with the factor of “facilities” scoring the highest, that of the “resources” scoring relatively high and those like “corporate structure, competition and strategies ”and “external market” scoring lower. In light of the empirical analysis, the paper proposes some countermeasures and suggestions to enhance the competitiveness of Anhui textile industry cluster.%文章运用GEM模型构建了纺织产业集群竞争力的评价指标体系,定量评价了安徽纺织产业集群竞争力;实证研究发现,安徽纺织产业集群竞争力超过全国平均水平,"设施"因素得分最高,影响因素得分较高的是"资源",而"企业的结构、战略和竞争""外部市场"因素得分相对较低,集群竞争力水平还亟待提高;最后针对实证分析结果,提出了提升安徽纺织产业集群竞争力的对策和建议.

  4. Research on Evaluation Index System about Brand Competitiveness of Industrial Clusters%产业集群品牌竞争力评价指标体系构建分析

    沈忱; 李桂华; 顾杰; 黄磊


    产业集群作为一种新型的具有时代特色的组织形态,在全球范围内促进了经济活动的发展。拥有国际知名品牌的多少成为评价一个国家国际竞争力与经济实力的重要指标。然而,国内关于产业集群品牌竞争力的理论研究落后于国外,且偏离实际应用范畴,因此,科学系统地建立一套产业集群品牌竞争力测评指标体系势在必行。从产业集群品牌的外显竞争力和内隐竞争力两个角度,采取定性研究和定量研究相结合的研究方法,旨在建立一套完善、科学、具有实操价值的评价指标体系,构建产业集群品牌竞争力评价模型,能够为产业集群品牌竞争力的监测、品牌管理体系的完善及集群内部企业品牌的发展提供动态模型参考。%Economic globalization is the important trend of the contemporary world economy, the internationaliza-tion of production, product internationalization, investment and financial internationalization, technology develop-ment and utilization of internationalization, which promoted international production factors flowing. Today, the number of international famous brands you have has become the important indicator of appraise a nation's interna-tional competitiveness and economic strength. However, Domestic researches on the theory of brand competitive-ness are far behind the practical, brand management theory system which is suitable for the industrial cluster brand competitiveness is also far behind the foreign countries. It is imperative for the academia to provide neces-sary theoretical support of brand competitiveness, it is also the core issue of this paper to provide a set of index system of brand competitiveness evaluation of industrial cluster. This paper studies industrial cluster brand competi-tiveness in two aspects, the explicit and implicit competitiveness, combined the qualitative research and quantita-tive research methods, improved the

  5. SWOT Analysis on Modern Agriculture Characteristic Competitive Industry of the Economic Zone Along the Yellow River%宁夏沿黄经济区农业特色优势产业分析



    The development of the modern agricultural industry is critical for the improvement of the comprehensive production capacity of agriculture. In the past few years, the agricultural structure has been optimized along the way, and the regional characteristics takes into initial shape, which accelerating the pace of modern agriculture characteristic competitive industry' s construction. By stating the resource endowment of the agriculture characteristic competitive industry of the economic zone along the Yellow River, this paper based on the current situation, takes SWOT analysis to evaluate its strengths, the weaknesses, the opportunities and the threats, and provides a development strategy as the theory evidence for the agricultural characteristic competitive industry of the economic zone along the Yellow River.%为研究宁夏沿黄经济区农业结构,发展区域特色农业,优化现代农业产业体系,论述了宁夏沿黄经济区农业特色优势产业资源,用SWOT分析方法对其优势、劣势、机遇和挑战进行分析,并在此基础上提出发展思路.可为沿黄经济区农业特色优势产业发展研究提供参考.

  6. Research on Competitiveness of Shandong Wood-based Panels Industry Based on Diamond Model%基于钻石模型的山东省人造板产业竞争力研究

    赵庆超; 段新芳; 由佳; 李扬


    运用波特的钻石模型理论对影响山东省人造板产业竞争力的主要因素进行剖析,从生产要素、需求条件、相关及支持产业、企业战略及结构与同业竞争、机会和政府因素6个方面对山东省人造板产业竞争力展开分析,提出了提升人造板产业竞争力的途径,为推动山东省人造板产业的转型升级提供借鉴和参考。%The Porter diamond model was applied to analyze the main factors that impacted the competitiveness of the wood-based panels industry in Shandong Province, China. Variables including production factors, demand, related and supporting industries, corporate strategy and structure competition,development opportunities,andgovernment factors were selected to investigate indepth. Accordingly,approaches for enhancing the competitiveness of the industry in Shandong were proposed,and references for promoting the transformation and upgrade of the industry were listed.

  7. Study of Motorcycle Industrial Competitiveness in Jiangmen According to Diamond Model%基于钻石模型的江门市摩托车产业竞争力分析

    蔡勇; 林翠萍; 李卫忠


    摩托车产业是江门市的支柱产业,江门市摩托车产业集群的发展对江门市经济有着重大的战略意义.本文在波特模型的理论框架下,从生产要素、需求条件、支持产业与相关产业、企业结构与竞争、机遇以及政府作用等6个方面,分析了江门市摩托车产业竞争力状况,并且提出了提升江门摩托车产业集群竞争力的对策.%Motorcycle industry is the most important pillar industry in Jiangmen, and has great strategic meanings to the development in Jiangmen.Based on the theoretical framework of Porter Model from the aspects of productive elements, demand conditions, supporting and relevant industries,company structure and competition, opportunity as well as government effects, the competitiveness of motorcycle industrial competitiveness in Jiangmen were analyzed.

  8. Evaluation of Jinhua Service Outsourcing Industrial Competitiveness --Usage of GEM model%金华服务外包产业竞争力测评——以GEM模型分析为例



    Developing service outsourcing industry is one of the most way of upgrading the economic transforming and adjusting of economic struc- ture. This article analyzes the status of Jinhua service outsourcing industry, based on the GEM model, five grades of industry competitiveness are given out, accordingly evaluation of Jinhua service outsourcing industrial competitiveness comes forward. The research shows that Jinhua is at the average level of service outsourcing industry, and proposes great challenges for developing this industry.%发展服务外包产业是加快经济转型升级、调整经济结构的重要途径,文章对金华市服务外包产业的现状进行了分析,借鉴产业集群竞争力分析的工具GEM模型,划分出了竞争力的5个等级,对金华市的服务外包产业竞争力进行了测评,结论显示金华市在全国范围看仍处于服务外包产业的平均水平下,对未来发展该产业提曲了严峻的挑战。

  9. Competitiveness of the Regional Tourism Based on the Industry Chain Theory%基于产业链理论的区域旅游业竞争力提升研究



    今天要提高区域旅游产业的竞争优势,就需要整个产业链上的所有成员共同努力。文章在界定旅游产业链内涵的基础上,分析了我国旅游产业链的现状,最后基于旅游产业链整合提出了提升区域旅游产业的竞争力的对策。%Today,to elevate the competitive advantage of the regional tourism industry,we need all members of the whole industry chain to make efforts.In this paper,based on defining the meaning of the tourism industry chain,it then analyses the status quo of Chinese tourism industry chain,and eventually proposes to elevate the competitiveness of the regional tourism industry based on industry chain integration.

  10. Yhe Mechanism Analysis of Cultural Industry Competitiveness of East China Sic Provinces and One City%华东六省一市文化产业竞争力的机理分析



    当今世界,文化与经济异步同趋,知识密集型和高附加值型并存的文化产业日益成为各个国家、地区竞争力的重要因素。大力发展文化产业、提升国家和地区的文化产业竞争力是当前培育新的经济增长点和改变经济增长方式的最有效途径之一。追溯国内外文化产业竞争力的研究综述,在对华东六省一市文化产业演进历程进行分析的基础上,探讨华东六省一市文化产业竞争力的内在动力机制。%Culture and economy is becoming increasingly asynchronous in today’s world. Knowledge-intensive and high value-added type coexists in cultural industry,which becomes important competitiveness factor in various countries and regions. The most effective ways to cultivate new economic growth point and change the economic growth mode is promo-ting cultural industry development and enhancing the competitiveness of countries and regions. The paper studies cultural industry competitiveness at home and abroad,analyzes the history of cultural industry in east China six provinces and one city,and explores intrinsic motivation mechanism of cultural industry competitiveness in these regions.

  11. Supply and Demand Model of Industrial Competitive Intelligence Based on System Dynamics%基于系统动力学的产业竞争情报供需模型研究

    邢宪光; 刘敏榕


    In order to explore the demand and supply mechanism of industry competitive intelligence and achieve the balance of supply and demand, this paper uses system dynamics to analyze the causal relationships and behavior rules of industrial competitive intelligence. A demand-supply model of industrial intelligence is built. Then, the mode of industrial competitive intelligence is simulated on the VenSim-PLE after the validity of model is checked. Finally, an analysis of parameter sensitivity is made on the model. The results indicate that it can strengthen the effective supply of industrial competitive intelligence by raising capital knowledge conversion and intelligence service influence factor.%为探索产业竞争情报的供需机制,实现供需平衡,运用系统动力学方法分析产业竞争情报的因果关系和行为规律,构建系统动力学供需模型。在对模型进行有效性检验后,利用Vensim-PLE软件进行产业竞争情报的仿真模拟。最后对模型进行参数敏感性分析,结果表明,通过提高资本知识转化率和情报服务影响因子可以实现产业竞争情报的有效供给。

  12. Oil Trading Centre to Reopen in Shanghai


    @@ Chinese oil companies will likely resume activities at the oil trading centre in Shanghai this year, a move to further liberalize the once tightly controlled oil market. The centre will trade forward contracts for refined oil products,including gasoline, diesel oil, kerosene and fuel oil, industrial sources said.

  13. Advantages in Competition and Existent Problems of China's Service Outsourcing Industry%我国服务外包产业发展的竞争优势及存在的问题研究



    在经济全球化浪潮中,服务外包产业的不断发展及其国际化,使我国服务外包产业发展具有良好机遇。大力发展服务外包产业不仅是提高我国经济发展水平,优化产业结构及外商投资的发展方向,也是参与国际竞争。本文就我国服务外包产业的现状、优势及存在的问题进行了分析,并结合我国发展服务外包产业的主要思路,以提升产业结构与提高国际竞争力为根本原则,提出我国服务外包产业发展的对策。%In the wave of economic globalization,the increasing development internationalization of service outsourcing industry has brought historic opportunities to breakthroughs of the service outsourcing industry in China.To greatly develop service outsourcing industry is not only the direction for improving our level of economic development as well as optimizing industrial structure and foreign investment,but also the inevitable choice for participating in international competition,changes in economic growth and blossom of modern service industry.This article analyzes the status,advantages and existing problems of China's service outsourcing industry.Integrating China's main course in growing service outsourcing industry,the author puts forward the strategies to develop the service outsourcing industry of China,with rock-firm adherence to the fundamental principles of the upgrading industrial structure and enhancing international competitiveness.

  14. Competitive spirit


    Leicester University will host the 65 international teams of students who will assemble in July for this year's International Physics Olympiad . The last time the Olympiad came to the UK was in 1986 in London, and it was the notable enthusiasm of the Leicester Physics and Astronomy department which persuaded the Olympiad Committee to give them the chance of organizing the prestigious event. The students taking part from all over the world are studying physics at A-level or an equivalent standard and they will take part in an intellectual marathon of theoretical and practical examinations. Each national team comprises five students selected from three rounds of competition and the teams will receive an official welcome from the city, as well as opportunities to visit some of the important educational and cultural centres of the surrounding region. The finalists will also be able to test their skills and initiative at the Challenger Learning Centre, which forms part of Leicester's new National Space Science Centre. Specific information on the event can be found on the Olympiad-2000 website at . The Rudolf Ortvay problem solving contest in physics, which takes place in November, is a tradition of Eötvös University in Budapest, Hungary. The competition was first opened to international participants in 1998, enabling students from universities around the world to show their knowledge, ingenuity, problem-solving skills and physical insight into problems that are far beyond routine level. The problems (30 - 35 each year) are chosen from different branches of theoretical as well as applied physics. They have varying levels of difficulty, and every contestant can send solutions for ten problems. The focus is not on school-level problem-solving routines but rather on the `physical' way of thinking, recognition of the heart of the problem and an appropriate choice of mathematics. The majority of the assigned problems are original, few having

  15. Energy resource alternatives competition. Progress report for the period February 1, 1975--December 31, 1975. [Space heating and cooling, hot water, and electricity for homes, farms, and light industry

    Matzke, D.J.; Osowski, D.M.; Radtke, M.L.


    This progress report describes the objectives and results of the intercollegiate Energy Resource Alternatives competition. The one-year program concluded in August 1975, with a final testing program of forty student-built alternative energy projects at the Sandia Laboratories in Albuquerque, New Mexico. The goal of the competition was to design and build prototype hardware which could provide space heating and cooling, hot water, and electricity at a level appropriate to the needs of homes, farms, and light industry. The hardware projects were powered by such nonconventional energy sources as solar energy, wind, biologically produced gas, coal, and ocean waves. The competition rules emphasized design innovation, economic feasibility, practicality, and marketability. (auth)

  16. Competitiveness in the global economic crisis

    Gheorghe Popescu


    Full Text Available The first challenge is to analyze the concept of "competitiveness" given the fact that in the centre of the great economic analystes' concerns lays from some time the phenomenon of competitiveness, along with the generation of competitive advantage at the organization level and, moreover, at country level. The economic science will have to be rethought, meaning that competitiveness will have to adapt to the new prospects launched today by the global economic crisis.

  17. 基于GEM模型的山东省粮食产业集群竞争力研究%Research on Grain Industry Cluster Competitiveness in Shandong Province Based on the GEM Model

    张有志; 于邢香; 王风玲


    山东省是我国的粮食大省,粮食问题是全省乃至全国的头等大事,粮食产业集群是保障粮食产业持续发展、农民收入不断增加和社会经济长期稳定发展的有效途径;一个产业集群要想持续健康发展,必须具备自身的核心竞争力.本文通过对山东省粮食产业集群竞争力的研究,采用区域产业竞争力模型——GEM模型,建立粮食产业集群竞争力评价指标体系,并对山东省粮食产业集群竞争力进行了系统分析研究,尝试为山东省粮食产业集群的发展提出一定的建议.%Shandong province has the biggest grain production in China. The grain problem is a top priority of the whole province and even the whole country.Industrial cluster of grain sustainable development is the guarantee of grain industry in increasing farmers' income and the effective ways to long-term and stable development of social economy. An industrial cluster to be sustainable and healthy development, must have its own core competitiveness. This article research on the Shandong province grain industry cluster competitiveness. And then tries to put forward some suggestions of the development of grain industry cluster in Shandong province by establishing GEM model of regional industry competitiveness model in Shandong province.

  18. 我国竞技体操产业化发展的本体性研究与探讨%The Research on Development of Competitive Gymnastic Industrial ization in China

    钟明宝; 丰宝成


    分析了我国竞技体操产业化滞后性因素,提出“一个协会, 两种体制”的总体构想,并进一步探讨具体操作的途径与措施,以充分发挥产业化的中介作 用,协调普及与提高的关系。%This paper analyzed some backward factors of Chinese competitive gymnastic industrialization, put forwarded the idea of two systems in one association, further discussed the way and measure of operation, fully pl ayed the important role of competitive gymnastic industrialization, harmonized t he relation between general universalizing and special enhancing.

  19. 国际商贸中心餐饮业发展的基本经验%Basic management on the international business centre restaurant industry development



    The catering industry is the important fundamental industry in Beijing international business center con- struction. There is a large gap between the Beijing catering trade and the catering standard of international trade center. Beijing should take Paris%餐饮业是北京国际商贸中心建设的重要基础产业,以国际商贸中心发展标准相衡量,北京餐饮业还有较大差距。北京应以巴黎、伦敦、东京等成功的国际商贸中心为标杆,寻找餐饮领域发展的经验,结合北京优势,创造与北京中国特色世界城市和国际商贸中心形象相适应的,能全面代表中华餐饮文化的北京餐饮。

  20. Study on Apple Industry Cluster Competitiveness in Yantai Based on Diamond Model%基于钻石模型的烟台苹果产业集群竞争力研究

    聂凤云; 刘相兵


    运用迈克尔·波特的"钻石模型",对影响烟台苹果产业集群竞争力的6种因素进行分析,提出了提升烟台苹果产业集群的对策.%Michael Porter's “Diamond Model” was used to analyze six affecting factors of apple industry cluster competitiveness in Yantai and the strategies of apple industry clusters in Yantai were put forward.

  1. 基于钻石模型的安国药材产业集群竞争力提升研究%Research on Improving Competitiveness of Anguo Traditional Chinese Medicine Industry Cluster Based on Diamond Model

    杨伟静; 李红英


    Anguo traditional Chinese medicine industry cluster has been supported by national and local governments , but it faces the enormous competitive pressure from home and abroad .Michael Porter's diamond model is introduced to analyze Anguo traditional Chinese medicine industry cluster to find problems existing from production factors , demand conditions , corporate strategy and structure with the same industry , related and supporting industries .Then, the related suggestions are put forward to improve the competitiveness of the industry cluster .%安国药材产业集群的发展得到了国家及当地政府的大力支持,但也面临着来自国内外的巨大竞争压力。把迈克尔·波特的钻石模型引入安国药材产业集群的分析中,从生产要素、需求条件、企业战略和企业结构及与同业竞争、相关与支持性产业四个主要方面分析安国药材产业集群发展中存在的问题并提出对策建议,以提高产业集群的竞争力。

  2. Analysis on Competitive Situation of Consulting Industry Based on Webometrics%基于网络计量学的咨询行业竞争状况分析

    王菲菲; 李粲


    网络计量学应用于企业行业竞争态势分析有其独特的优势,国内外也产生了很多成功的应用实例。在借鉴已有成果基础上,综合比较运用网络计量学中的 URL 共引分析法和网络共词分析法,并辅以社会网络分析和可视化分析的方法,对以40家咨询企业为代表的咨询行业展开了深入的竞争状况分析和竞争情报研究。该研究客观证实了这两种方法应用于行业竞争情报工作的可行性,为有效开展竞争情报研究和咨询行业企业内竞争合作战略制定与协同发展都提供了一定的参考。%Webometrics has its unique advantages in analyzing the industry competitive situation, and there have been many successful in-stances at home and abroad. Based on existing achievements, this study aims to make a competitive intelligence analysis of the consulting industry represented by 40 consulting companies, combining with the use of the URL co-citation and the Web co-word analysis in Webo-metrics supported by social network and visualization analysis. The study can objectively verify the feasibility of above Webometrics meth-ods used in industry competitive intelligence work and provides references for competitive intelligence research and enterprise strategy deci-sion-making or collaborative development within the consulting industry.

  3. The logic of the electric power industry competitive reformulation and the real construction of the dissent; A logica da reforma competitiva da industria eletrica e a construcao real do dissenso

    Bicalho, Ronaldo


    The real electrical power industry continues to exist, and so the real institutions and the concrete results of the reformulation, establishing a constant conflict among belief and real limitations to the introduction to competition. The solution for this conflict is not to reinforce the belief, but the rising of the presence of real. This implies in the construction of a agenda of real problems and therefore of research of real solutions allowing the real convergence and consensus construction.

  4. 军民融合产业集群竞争力评估及实证研究%Competitiveness Assessment and Empirical Research on Military-civil Integration of Industrial Cluster

    乔玉婷; 曾立; 谭林


    Assessment the competitiveness on military-civil integration of industrial clusters has an important role on choosing rational cluster policies, warning and avoiding the cluster risk and governing cluster. The thesis builds competitiveness evaluation index system of military-civil integration of industrial clusters and makes use of groundings-enterprises-markets-surroundings(GEMS) model to give empirical study on the competitiveness of dual-use specialty materials industry cluster in Hunan Province. Results show that GEMS score of this industry cluster is 423. 506 points, with a strong competitive cluster force, but exist certain cluster rick in the "market" factors.%评估军民融合产业集群的竞争力对合理选择产业集群政策,预警和规避集群风险,为武器装备研制生产提供产业和技术支撑具有重要作用.构建军民融合产业集群竞争力评价指标体系,运用GEMS(groundings-enterprises-marketssurroundings)模型首次对湖南省军民两用特种材料产业集群的竞争力进行实证研究.结果表明该产业集群的GEMS得分为423.506分,具有较强的集群竞争力,但在“市场”因素对上存在一定集群风险.

  5. 中小企业建立竞争性产业集群之必要性探析%Analysis of the Necessity of SMES to Build Competitive Industry Clusters



    in the background of economic globalization,how to gain a firm foothold in the international competition and expand the country's economic strength is the highest priority of each country's economic decision.As a promising model of economic development,enormous impetus of industry clusters on a country's economic growth has increasingly become the world's concern.Hence,it has been the focus of domestic and foreign academia discussion on a better playing the effects of industry cluster and scaling up its competitive edge.The paper begins with the development of SMES industry cluster in China,analyzes its competitive strengths and weaknesses,and probes into the necessity of building SMES competitive industry clusters in China.%在经济全球化的今天,如何在国际竞争中站稳脚跟,扩大本国的经济实力是每个国家在进行经济决策时考虑的重点。而产业集群作为一种极具潜力的经济发展模式对一国经济增长所带来的巨大推动力日益受到世人的关注。如何更好的发挥产业集群这种经济现象的效应,提升其竞争优势也成为国内外学术界讨论的焦点。本文从我国中小企业产业集群的发展入手,在归纳其特征的基础上分析其竞争优势及不足,探讨了在中国建立中小企业竞争性产业集群的必要性。

  6. Competition Policy and Innovation

    Møllgaard, Peter; Lorentzen, Jo


    We briefly review the rationale behind technological alliances and provide a snapshot oftheir role in global competition, especially insofar as it is based around intellectual capital.They nicely illustrate the increased importance of horizontal agreements and thusestablish the relevance...... of the topic. We move on to discuss the organisation of industriesin a dynamic context and draw out consequences for competition policy. We concludewith an outlook on the underlying tensions between technology alliances, competitionpolicy, and industrial policy.JEL codes: L4, L5, O31Keywords: Competition...

  7. 皖江承接产业转移示范区物流产业竞争力分析%Analysis of Logistics Competitiveness of the Wanjiang industrial Relocation Demonstration Area



    主要从环境竞争力、现实竞争力和潜在竞争力三个方面构建一级指标,对于皖江示范区物流产业竞争力状况进行评价,利用三年间的统计数据分析该区域物流产业竞争力的状况,并在此基础上找出竞争力薄弱的环节和提出未来发展的方向.%To evaluate the logistics competitiveness of the Wanjiang demonstration area, the paper builds the first-tier index on the aspects of environmental competitiveness, realized competitiveness, and potential competitiveness and uses the statistical data within three years' time frame to analyze the current status of the logistics competitiveness of the area through which the weak links of its logistics industry are uncovered and future development direction is suggested.

  8. Competing for Industrial Resources

    Vold, Johan Nic


    In this presentation, the Executive Vice President of Statoil gives his thoughts on (1) the changing world economy, (2) the need to focus on long term developments, (3) the energy industry in the centre of global change, (4) the changing company, and (5) corporate values and the new communication era. On average, economic growth has been significantly stronger in developing economies than in high-income countries, although progress cannot be observed everywhere. The financial turmoil in ASIA, the tragic events in Sudan and the conflicts in the Balkans are reminders that there is still a long way to go before the world economy is on a path of peaceful, sustainable growth. The international energy scene is characterized by increased competition on two fronts: companies and host countries. Thus the world upstream market is behaving more and more like a genuine market where the forces of supply and demand play an increasing role. 5 refs.

  9. Analysis on the Quality of Electric Rolling Door Industry in Zhangzhou and Its Competitive Power%漳州市电动卷门产业质量状况分析及其竞争力对策探讨



    漳州市电动卷门产业经过十几年快速发展,已成为电动卷门产业全国规模最大、产业链最完整的生产基地。现阶段由于竞争加剧及国内、国际经济形势欠佳,极大地压缩企业的利润空间,企业为了生存,容易造成恶性竞争,这将造成大量企业亏损甚至倒闭,是目前较为迫切需要解决的难题。为此,文中从漳州市电动卷门产业质量状况入手,探讨提高其产品竞争力的对策为促进产业升级,推动产业规模的扩大,推进产品价值的提升提供借鉴。%After ten years of rapid development, Zhangzhou electric rolling door industry has become the largest and most complete industrial chain of production base In the country. Due to increased domestic and international competition in the poor economic situation, great compression stage corporate proift margins. Companies in order to survive, likely to cause vicious competition, which will cause a lot of business losses or even bankruptcy, is now more urgent problems to be solved. Therefore, this article from quality of Zhangzhou electric rolling door industry, discusses enhance its product competitiveness measures to promote industrial upgrading, promotes the expansion of industrial scale, advancing to enhance product value for reference.

  10. Study on Current Status and Promotion Strategy of International Competitiveness of Chinese Chestnut Industry%中国板栗产业国际竞争力现状及其提升策略

    戴永务; 刘伟平


    利用UNcomtrade在线数据库中1995-2010年的板栗贸易数据,对中国板栗产业国际竞争力的现状进行评价与国际比较;并依据波特的钻石模型对中国板栗产业国际竞争力影响因素进行深入分析.结果表明:中国板栗产业具有较强的国际竞争力,国际竞争优势主要来源于低廉的劳动力成本和庞大的内需市场,但受劳动力成本上升和科技创新能力低的影响,所具有的传统低价竞争优势正在逐渐丧失.据此提出强化种植户培训力度、增强技术创新能力、发展板栗加工业和实施品牌战略等提升我国板栗产业国际竟争力的策略.%The paper evaluates quantitatively and contrasts internationally the international competitiveness of Chinese chestnut industry, and then analyzed deeply the factors of the international competitiveness of Chinese chestnut industry on the basis of Porter's diamond model, based on the data about chestnut trade from UNcomtrade online database in the period of 1992-2009. The result shows that Chinese chestnut industry has a strong international competitiveness from low labor costs and huge domestic market, but the traditional low-cost competitive advantage is gradually lost by the impact of rising labor casts and low scientific and technological innovation capability. Based on the conclusion, this article put forward some strategies to promote the international competitiveness of Chinese chestnut industry, including fanners training efforts to strengthen and enhancing the ability of technological innovation, the development of chestnut processing industry and the implementation of brand strategy.

  11. 闽台渔业产业链分工和整合及竞争力提升%On Division, Integration and Competitiveness Promotion of Fujian and Taiwan Fishery Industry Chain



    Taiwanese investment in Fujian fishery industry has spurred vertical and horizontal specialization and cooperation of Fujian and Taiwan fishery industry chain . The characteristics of devision of Fujian and Taiwan fishery industry chain show that the form of division is various;spatial distribution is fragmented and clustered and the cooperation of affiliated enterprise is poor.Therefore, to enhance international competitiveness of Fujian and Taiwan fishery industry, we should focus on vertical and horizontal extension of industry value chain, implement industrialization strategy union and improve risk prevention system of industry chain.%台商在闽渔业投资形成了闽台渔业产业链的垂直分工与纵向合作.当前闽台渔业产业链呈现分工形态多样性、空间布局碎片化和集群化、关联企业间合作稳定性差以及运行风险大等特征.提升闽台渔业产业链竞争力,关键在于促进闽台渔业产业链整合,包括保护渔业资源、纵向延伸和横向拓展渔业价值链、加强产销联盟和完善产业链风险防范机制等.

  12. 基于波士顿矩阵的山东海洋产业竞争力研究%Research on the competitiveness of Shandong province' s oceanic industry based on BCG matrix

    李勋来; 李慧


    在分析山东省海洋产业发展现状与趋势的基础上,运用波士顿矩阵分析方法,对山东省海洋产业竞争力进行综合评价。山东省海洋产业竞争力分化明显,海洋渔业、海洋化工业、海洋生物医药业和滨海旅游业是山东明星类海洋产业,产业增长率和专业化程度均较高;海洋盐业、海洋电力业、海水利用业被列入金牛类产业,即产值增长率较低、专业化程度高的行业;海洋船舶工业、海洋工程建筑业和海洋交通运输业列入问题类海洋产业,产值增长率较高、专业化程度低;海洋石油天然气工业和海滨砂矿工业成为产值增长率和专业化程度均较低的瘦狗类产业。%This paper estimates the competitiveness of Shandong province' s oceanic industry comprehensively by using BCG matrix analysis tool, based on analyzing its current situation and trend. The result indicates that there is obvious differentiation between different oceanic industries of Shandong province----Marine Fisheries, Marine Chemical Industry, Marine biological pharmaceutical and Coastal Tourism are the stars of Shandong province' s oceanic industry, which have high industrial growth rates and high specialization level. Ocean Salt Industry, Marine Electricity Industry and Seawater Utilization Industry are enrolled into the "Taurus" kind of industry, that is to say that these industries all have low growth rate and relatively high specialization level. Marine Shipping Industry, Oceanographic Engineering and Ocean Transportation industry are listed into the problematical industries with high growth rate and low specialization level. Oceanic Petroleum and Natural Gas Industry and Oceanfront Sands Industry are proved to be the "thin dog" kind of industry, which means that they not only have low growth rate but also low specialization level.

  13. 试论加强文化软实力建设与提升中国文化产业竞争力%Strengthening the Construction of Cultural Soft Power to Enhance the Chinese Cultural Industry Competitiveness

    王威; 赵东喜


    随着经济全球化的进一步深化,国际间的竞争已经从单纯以经济、政治、军事等"硬实力"的竞争为主逐步转移到更加注重文化、价值观等"软实力"为重要内容的综合国力的竞争。现在各国越来越重视软实力的重要作用,并以此作为提升国际竞争力的重要途径。文化软实力作为软实力的主要部分,对于文化产业发展具有重要的促进作用。加强我国文化软实力的建设,对于提升中国的文化产业竞争力具有重要意义。%With the globalization of the world economy,The competition between international already from "hard power" such as economy,politics,military competition gradually shifted to focus more on "soft power" such as the culture,values and other as the main content of the comprehensive national power competition.Now more and more attention to the important role of soft power,take it as the important way to enhance the international competitiveness.The soft power of culture as the main part of soft power,has an important role in promoting the development of cultural industry.Strengthen the construction of cultural soft power,to promote China 's cultural industry competitiveness has important significance.

  14. 基于 Porter 理论的区域林业企业竞争力评价%Analysis on the Local Competitiveness of Forestry Industry based on the Porter Theory

    凌棱; 罗欢焕; 周驰杰


      未来森林产品的需求是拉动我国林业产业发展的决定性因素,利用 Porter 理论对区域林业企业竞争力进行评价,把生产要素、需求状况、企业经营状况、相关和支持产业的状况看做是影响林业企业产品市场竞争力的四个主要因素,并参照上述评价结果,对以后的林业企业竞争力评价研究做出了展望%  In the future, the demand of forestry products will be the decisive factor pulling the development of forestry industry. The paper makes up the estimation index systems for Chinese forestry industry based on the Porter theory and takes production elements, demand conductions, enterprise management status and related industry status as the four main characters which affect the market competitiveness of Forestry enterprise. At last, some proper suggestions are given to enhance the competitiveness of forestry industry.

  15. Research on Professional Competence Competition in the View of Industry Compliance Management%行业合规经营视角下的职业技能竞赛探索



      行业企业做强做大必然要走合规经营之路,而行业企业要依靠内在的力量来达成这个目标显然是有难度的,而职业技能竞赛恰恰可以成为校企合作的契合点。如今职业技能竞赛已成为校企人才培养链接的桥梁,在流程规范、人才测评、用人选拔、产业发展等方面发挥重要的作用。%The industry enterprises should comply with the law to enhance their power, which is hard to be driven by internal system. Professional competence competition can act as the joint between school and industry. The professional competence competition links the industry and school for talent training in several aspects, such as process rebuilding, recruitment evaluation, talent selection, and industry development, etc.

  16. A swot analysis of Chinese animation industry's international competitiveness--based on the diamond model%中国动漫产业国际竞争力分析--基于钻石模型



    In view of recent development of China’s animation industry, diamond model’s four factors of manufacture element, demanding condition, performance of enterprises’strate-gic structure competitor, performance of relative and probing industries were adopted to make SWOT analyses of the competitiveness of the animation industry. Ways are proposed to enhance the international competitiveness of Chinese animation industry in brand con-struction, environment optimization, product development and talent training.%针对近年来中国动漫产业的发展现状,利用波特“钻石模型”中的生产要素、需求条件、竞争对手表现、相关产业和支持产业表现等4个关键要素剖析动漫产业的国际竞争力,并对这4个关键要素进行SWOT分析,着重针对品牌建设、优化环境、开发衍生品和人才培养等方面提出了提高中国动漫产业国际竞争力的对策。

  17. Study on Pomegranate Industry Cluster Competitiveness in Mengzi Based on Diamond Model%钻石模型视角下蒙自石榴产业集群竞争力研究

    王剑芳; 顾永昆; 缪素颖


    Michael Porter's Diamond Model revealed the key elements of industry cluster competitiveness. In this article, "diamond model" based on in-depth research was used to analyze six affecting factors of pomegranate industry cluster competitiveness in Mengzi and to explore some new ways of the industrialization of pomegranate in Mengzi. And certain references were proposed for formulating the strategy of industrial cluster of pomegranate in Mengzi.%迈克尔·波特的“钻石模型”揭示了产业集群竞争力的关键要素.本文在深入调研的基础上,运用“钻石模型”体系的框架,对影响蒙自石榴产业集群竞争力的6种因素进行实证分析,探索其产业化发展的新途径,为制定蒙自石榴产业集群战略提供参考.

  18. Competitive Intelligence.

    Bergeron, Pierrette; Hiller, Christine A.


    Reviews the evolution of competitive intelligence since 1994, including terminology and definitions and analytical techniques. Addresses the issue of ethics; explores how information technology supports the competitive intelligence process; and discusses education and training opportunities for competitive intelligence, including core competencies…

  19. The Impact of Total Quality Management Practices towards Competitive Advantage and Organizational Performance: Case of Fishery Industry in South Sulawesi Province of Indonesia

    Musran Munizu


    Full Text Available This study attempt to test the effect of Total Quality Management (TQM practices towards competitive advantage and organizational performance. The design of this research has quantitative approach. Data was collected by questionnaire instrument. The unit of analysis is big and medium scale fishery companies. The respondents in this research are the managers of fishery companies. The study utilized primary data which is obtained through questionnaire. The number of population was 66 fishery companies in South Sulawesi Province, Indonesia. Random sampling is used in the study. 55 complete questionnaires were returned as a final sample. Three hypotheses have been developed through literature review and tested using Path Analysis performed by SPSS 18.00 software. The results show that TQM practices have positive and significant effect both on organizational performance and competitive advantage. Competitive advantage has a positive and significant effect on organizational performance. Organizational performance is more influenced by competitive advantage than TQM practices.

  20. The Correlation Analysis of R & D Industry and the Urban Competitiveness of Science and Technology%研发产业与城市科技竞争力关联分析



      基于科技竞争力3个方面的要素,分析了R&D产业对提升城市科技竞争力的重要意义。科技实力对R&D产业发展起着决定性作用;科技创新是R&D产业成长的内在驱动力,对R&D产业的成长起支撑作用;科技转化是R&D产业技术成果市场化、商品化的关键步骤,是科技创新的重要支撑;R&D产业的良性成长是促进城市科技竞争力的重要保障,对区域经济和科技发展至关重要。最后,针对中国R&D产业成长实践,提出了相关政策建议。%This article is based on three aspects of science and technology competitiveness elements, carefully analyses the R&D link between industry and city competitiveness of science and technology. And have some conclusions: The survival of the soil strength of science and technology is R&D industry, role to play in precondition of R&D industry development; Innovation of sci-ence and technology R&D industry growth is the intrinsic driving force, play a supporting role for the growth of R&D industry;Technological achievements transformation of science and technology is R&D industry marketization, commercialization, the key steps is the significant support of science and technology innovation;Benign growth of the R&D industry is the important safeguard, promote the urban competitiveness of science and technology in regional economy and technology development has the vital role. Fi-nally, in view of China's R&D industry growth practice puts forward some improvement ideas and relevant policy recommendations.