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Sample records for inayat ali razvi

  1. S K Golam Ali

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    Home; Journals; Pramana – Journal of Physics. S K Golam Ali. Articles written in Pramana – Journal of Physics. Volume 72 Issue 2 February 2009 pp 445-450 Brief Reports. Effects of three-body atomic interaction and optical lattice on solitons in quasi-one-dimensional Bose–Einstein condensate · S K Golam Ali B Talukdar ...

  2. Ali, Dr Nahid

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    Elected: 2013 Section: Animal Sciences. Ali, Dr Nahid Ph.D. (Calcutta), FNASc, FNA, FTWAS. Date of birth: 1 August 1956. Specialization: Immunology, Parasitology Address: Indian Institute of Chemical Biology, 4, Raja SC Mullick Road, Kolkata 700 032, W.B.. Contact: Office: (033) 2499 5757. Residence: (033) 2328 0176

  3. Ali Mangara.pmd

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    SECRETARIAT

    une domestication à but économique. Ainsi, l'identification des animaux contribuant à la pollinisation a été réalisée à partir d'observations effectuées dans un dispositif expérimental réglementant l'accès différentiel des animaux aux parcelles.

  4. Pemikiran Keagamaan Raja Ali Haji

    OpenAIRE

    Hassan, Alimuddin

    2015-01-01

    This article aims to describe aspects of intellectual of Raja Ali Haji. Hel well known as the exposure was so much to say perfect. From the aspects of intellectual Raja Ali Haji seen in his writings, presumably Raja Ali Haji agree with the opinion of Imam Ghazali about the power of the pen, namely that "the pen is mightier than the thousand of sword" .

  5. PEMIKIRAN KEAGAMAAN RAJA ALI HAJI

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Alimuddin Hassan

    2016-08-01

    Full Text Available This article aims to describe aspects of intellectual of Raja Ali Haji. Hel well known as the exposure was so much to say perfect. From the aspects of intellectual Raja Ali Haji seen in his writings, presumably Raja Ali Haji agree with the opinion of Imam Ghazali about the power of the pen, namely that "the pen is mightier than the thousand of sword" .

  6. Ali, Dr Moizuddin Abdul Salim

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    ... Section: Animal Sciences. Ali, Dr Moizuddin Abdul Salim D.Sc. (Andhra), D.Sc. (h.c.), FNA. Date of birth: 12 November 1896. Date of death: 20 June 1987. Specialization: Ecology, Zoogeography, Nature Conservation, Ornithology Last known address: No. 46, Pali Hill, Bombay 400 050. YouTube; Twitter; Facebook; Blog ...

  7. Effects of Splenectomy on Spontaneously Chronic Pancreatitis in aly/aly Mice

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Heng-Xiao Wang

    2010-01-01

    Full Text Available Background and Aim. Mice with alymphoplasia (aly/aly mutation characterized by a lack of lymph nodes, Peyer's patches, and well-defined lymphoid follicles in the spleen were found. In this study, we used splenectomized aly/aly mice to elucidate the effects of secondary lymphoid organs in the development of aly/aly autoimmune pancreatitis. Methods. Forty-eight 10-week-old aly/aly mice were divided into two groups for splenectomy and sham operation. Histological and immunohistochemical analyses of the pancreas were performed at the ages of 20, 30, and 40 weeks old after operation, respectively. Results. Our results showed that mononuclear cell infiltration was restricted to the interlobular connective tissues at the age of 20 weeks, and not increase obviously at the age of 30 and 40 weeks in splenectomized aly/aly mice. Furthermore, an apparent decrease in the expressions of CD4+ T, CD8+ T, and B cells was detected in the pancreatic tissues compared with sham aly/aly mice, however, no significant difference in macrophage expression between mice with and without a splenectomy. Conclusions. Inflammation infiltration and development of the pancreatitis in aly/aly mice were suppressed effectively after splenectomy, which was, at least partly, correlated to inhibition of the infiltration of T and B cells in pancreatic tissues but not to macrophages.

  8. AliEn - EDG Interoperability in ALICE

    OpenAIRE

    Bagnasco, S.; Barbera, R.; Buncic, P.; Carminati, F.; Cerello, P.; Saiz, P.

    2003-01-01

    AliEn (ALICE Environment) is a GRID-like system for large scale job submission and distributed data management developed and used in the context of ALICE, the CERN LHC heavy-ion experiment. With the aim of exploiting upcoming Grid resources to run AliEn-managed jobs and store the produced data, the problem of AliEn-EDG interoperability was addressed and an in-terface was designed. One or more EDG (European Data Grid) User Interface machines run the AliEn software suite (Cluster Monitor, Stora...

  9. Entretien avec Ali Ben Makhlouf

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    2005-04-01

    Full Text Available Ali Benmakhlouf est actuellement maître de conférences à l’Université de Paris-X Nanterre. Spécialiste de logique et des œuvres de Frege, Russel et Whitehead, il est par ailleurs depuis dix ans la cheville ouvrière de la convention passée entre la Fondation du Roi Abdul Aziz pour les études islamiques et les sciences humaines (Casablanca et le Collège international de Philosophie (Paris. Cinq volumes, publiés par les éditions Le Fennec en français et en arabe, témoignent de cet échange : La Raison et la question des limites (1997, Routes et déroutes de l’universel (1998, Le voyage des théories (2000, Tout est-il relatif ? (2001 et Droit et participation politique (20021. L’entretien qu’il a accordé à Asterion met en évidence les enjeux d’un tel travail commun pour la philosophie et sa pratique.

  10. An interview with Ali M. Ahad

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Zoppi, Marco

    2017-01-01

    Ali Mumin Ahad is a Somali scholar with multifaceted interests and a personal life story that brought him from Somalia to Italy, and now to Australia. Ali obtained his undergraduate degree in Economics at the Somali National University, and then moved to Italy where he earned his master’s degree...... in agribusiness at Università Cattolica del Sacro Cuore, in Milan. His doctorate was awarded by La Trobe University in Australia, while he now holds a position as Honorary Research Fellow at Melbourne University, Faculty of Arts. In his works, Ali focuses on Somali history, including colonialism, on literature...

  11. Surfactant Therapy of ALI and ARDS

    OpenAIRE

    Raghavendran, K; Willson, D; Notter, RH

    2011-01-01

    This article examines exogenous lung surfactant replacement therapy and its utility in mitigating clinical acute lung injury (ALI) and the acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS). Biophysical research has documented that lung surfactant dysfunction can be reversed or mitigated by increasing surfactant concentration, and multiple studies in animals with ALI/ARDS have shown that respiratory function and pulmonary mechanics in vivo can be improved by exogenous surfactant administration. Exoge...

  12. POMEMBNOST PRI REVIDIRANJU, IZGOVOR ALI DEJSTVO?

    OpenAIRE

    Šobernik, Sara

    2015-01-01

    V procesu revizije mora revizor podati mnenje, ali so računovodski izkazi v vseh pomembnih pogledih pripravljeni v skladu s primernim okvirom računovodskega poročanja. Da lahko revizor izrazi to mnenje, mora pridobiti sprejemljivo zagotovilo, da računovodski izkazi kot celota ne vsebujejo pomembno napačne navedbe zaradi prevare ali napake. Revizor mora za pridobitev zagotovila v fazi načrtovanja revizije opredeliti pomembnost pri revidiranju, katere izračun pa z Mednarodnimi standardi revidir...

  13. ALIED: A Theory of Lie Detection

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Chris N. H. Street

    2016-07-01

    Full Text Available We are very inaccurate lie detectors, and tend to believe what others tell us is the truth more often than we ought to. In fact, studies on lie detection typically describe our tendency to believe others as an error in judgment. Although people may look like hopeless lie detectors, the Adaptive Lie Detector theory (ALIED claims that people are actually making smart, informed judgments. This article explores the ALIED theory and what it means for those wanting to spot a liar.

  14. 1459-IJBCS-Article-Ben Moussa Ali

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    hp

    Ali BEN MOUSSA *, Abdelkader CHAHLAOUI et Habib ROUR El. Équipe de Gestion et Valorisation des ... source thermale Ain Hamma Moulay Idriss, un réseau d'assainissement adéquat des eaux usées brutes et une gestion convenable des rejets ...... physicochemical study of Oued Sidi. Rachid river in the middle Atlas,.

  15. Teologi Pembebasan Menurut Asghar Ali Engineer

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    M. Mukhtasar Syamsuddin

    2007-08-01

    Asia, in this research is analyzed by philosophy ofreligion approach. The following methods are applied in this research, that· are; historical continuity, analysis and synthesis, interpretation, and description. The results ofthi.tt research show that the fundamental problems ofthe Asghar Ali's theology of liberation in the context oj' the plurality of religions as its background, relate to the attempt to formulate thereltgionmeantng (essence in the human life. The problems maintain all of the ·theological, human, and justice dimensions. The thought of Asghar Ali about theology of liberation is constructed in  the frame ofreligion (Islam values that are centralized on the tauhid· concept by its moral vision. The thought is intended to realize a universal brotherhood,equality,  and social justice. Interreligious dialogue and theactiono! the religions in Asia, therefore implemented through the basical paradigm in the frame ofthat value and mottol vision.

  16. Muhammad Ali, um outsider na sociedade americana?

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Flávio Py Mariante Neto

    2010-12-01

    Full Text Available O estudo analisa a carreira do boxeador Muhammad Ali segundo as formulações sobre as relações de poder em configurações apresentadas por Norbert Elias. O propósito foi compreender como um atleta que foi contra questões tão profundas da sociedade estabelecida obteve sucesso profissional. Tratou-se de um estudo documental, tendo como fonte livros, artigos e reportagens publicadas sobre a trajetória do lutador. Concluiu-se que apesar de Ali ter se posicionado contra padrões estabelecidos de sua época em questões como a religião, o racismo e o patriotismo, a sua habilidade técnica acima da média, o seu poder de autopromoção e a sua capacidade de participar do jogo no contexto configuracional de que fazia parte, lhe deram condições de sobrevivência no mundo do boxe e conseqüente sucesso profissional.

  17. AliEn: ALICE Environment on the GRID

    CERN Multimedia

    Bagnasco, S; Buncic, P; Carminati, F; Cirstoiu, C; Grigoras, C; Hayrapetyan, A; Harutyunyan, A; Peters, A J; Saiz, P

    2007-01-01

    Starting from mid-2008, the ALICE detector at CERN LHC will collect data at a rate of 4PB per year. ALICE will use exclusively distributed Grid resources to store, process and analyse this data. The top-level management of the Grid resources is done through the AliEn (ALICE Environment) system, which is in continuous development since year 2000. AliEn presents several original solutions, which have shown their viability in a number of large exercises of increasing complexity called Data Challenges. This paper describes the AliEn architecture: Job Management, Data Management and UI. The current status of AliEn will be illustrated, as well as the performance of the system during the data challenges. The paper also describes the future AliEn development roadmap.

  18. AliEn: ALICE environment on the GRID

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Bagnasco, S; Betev, L; Buncic, P; Carminati, F; Cirstoiu, C; Grigoras, C; Hayrapetyan, A; Harutyunyan, A; Peters, A J; Saiz, P

    2008-01-01

    Starting from mid-2008, the ALICE detector at CERN LHC will collect data at a rate of 4PB per year. ALICE will use exclusively distributed Grid resources to store, process and analyse this data. The top-level management of the Grid resources is done through the AliEn (ALICE Environment) system, which is in continuous development since year 2000. AliEn presents several original solutions, which have shown their viability in a number of large exercises of increasing complexity called Data Challenges. This paper describes the AliEn architecture: Job Management, Data Management and UI. The current status of AliEn will be illustrated, as well as the performance of the system during the data challenges. The paper also describes the future AliEn development roadmap

  19. AliEn: ALICE Environment on the GRID

    CERN Multimedia

    CERN. Geneva

    2012-01-01

    AliEn is the GRID middleware used by the ALICE collaboration. It provides all the components that are needed to manage the distributed resources. AliEn is used for all the computing workflows of the experiment: Montecarlo production, data replication and reconstruction and organixed or chaotic user analysis. Moreover, AliEn is also being used by other experiments like PANDA and CBM. The main components of AliEn are a centralized file and metadata catalogue, a job execution model and file replication model. These three components have been evolving over the last 10 years to make sure that the satisfy the computing requirements of the experiment, which keep increasing every year.

  20. AliEn - ALICE environment on the GRID

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Saiz, P.; Aphecetche, L.; Buncic, P.; Piskac, R.; Revsbech, J.-E.; Sego, V.

    2003-01-01

    AliEn (http://alien.cern.ch) (ALICE Environment) is a Grid framework built on top of the latest Internet standards for information exchange and authentication (SOAP, PKI) and common Open Source components. AliEn provides a virtual file catalogue that allows transparent access to distributed datasets and a number of collaborating Web services which implement the authentication, job execution, file transport, performance monitor and event logging. In the paper we will present the architecture and components of the system

  1. Prognostic Significance of Modified Advanced Lung Cancer Inflammation Index (ALI in Patients with Small Cell Lung Cancer_ Comparison with Original ALI.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Eun Young Kim

    Full Text Available Advanced lung cancer inflammation index (ALI, body mass index [BMI] x serum albumin/neutrophil-lymphocyte ratio [NLR] has been shown to predict overall survival (OS in small cell lung cancer (SCLC. CT enables skeletal muscle to be quantified, whereas BMI cannot accurately reflect body composition. The purpose was to evaluate prognostic value of modified ALI (mALI using CT-determined L3 muscle index (L3MI, muscle area at L3/height2 beyond original ALI.L3MIs were calculated using the CT images of 186 consecutive patients with SCLC taken at diagnosis, and mALI was defined as L3MI x serum albumin/NLR. Using chi-squared test determined maximum cut-offs for low ALI and low mALI, the prognostic values of low ALI and low mALI were tested using Kaplan-Meier method and Cox proportional hazards analysis. Finally, deviance statistics was used to test whether the goodness of fit of the prognostic model is improved by adding mALI as an extra variable.Patients with low ALI (cut-off, 31.1, n = 94 had shorter OS than patients with high ALI (median, 6.8 months vs. 15.8 months; p < 0.001, and patients with low mALI (cut-off 67.7, n = 94 had shorter OS than patients with high mALI (median, 6.8 months vs. 16.5 months; p < 0.001. There was no significant difference in estimates of median survival time between low ALI and low mALI (z = 0.000, p = 1.000 and between high ALI and high mALI (z = 0.330, p = 0.740. Multivariable analysis showed that low ALI was an independent prognostic factor for shorter OS (HR, 1.67, p = 0.004, along with advanced age (HR, 1.49, p = 0.045, extensive disease (HR, 2.27, p < 0.001, supportive care only (HR, 7.86, p < 0.001, and elevated LDH (HR, 1.45, p = 0.037. Furthermore, goodness of fit of this prognostic model was not significantly increased by adding mALI as an extra variable (LR difference = 2.220, p = 0.136.The present study confirms mALI using CT-determined L3MI has no additional prognostic value beyond original ALI using BMI. ALI

  2. AliEn - GRID application for ALICE Collaboration

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Zgura, Ion-Sorin

    2003-01-01

    AliEn (ALICE Environment) is a GRID framework built on top of the latest Internet standards for information exchange and authentication (SOAP, PKI) and common Open Source components. AliEn provides a virtual file catalogue that allows transparent access to distributed data-sets and a number of collaborating Web services which implement the authentication, job execution, file transport, performance monitor and event logging.The ALICE experiment has developed AliEn as an implementation of distributed computing infrastructure needed to simulate, reconstruct and analyze data from the experiment. The sites that belong to the ALICE Virtual Organisation can be seen and used as a single entity - any available node executes jobs and access to logical and datasets is transparent to the user. In developing AliEn common standards and solutions in the form of Open Source components were used. Only 1% (25k physical lines of code in Perl) is native AliEn code while 99% of the code has been imported in form of Open Sources packages and Perl modules. Currently ALICE is using the system for distributed production of Monte Carlo data at over 30 sites on four continents. During the last twelve months more than 30,000 jobs have been successfully run under AliEn control worldwide, totalling 25 CPU years and producing 20 TB of data. The user interface is compatible to EU DataGrid at the level of authentication and job description language. In perspective AliEn will be interfaced to the mainstream Grid infrastructure in HEP and it will remain to serve as interface between ALICE Offline framework and external Grid infrastructure. (authors)

  3. Site Protection Program and Progress Report of Ali Observatory, Tibet

    Science.gov (United States)

    Yao, Yongqiang; Zhou, Yunhe; Wang, Xiaohua; He, Jun; Zhou, Shu

    2015-08-01

    The Ali observatory, Tibet, is a promising new site identified through ten year site survey over west China, and it is of significance to establish rules of site protection during site development. The site protection program is described with five aspects: site monitoring, technical support, local government support, specific organization, and public education. The long-term sky brightness monitoring is ready with site testing instruments and basic for light pollution measurement; the monitoring also includes directions of main light sources, providing periodical reports and suggestions for coordinating meetings. The technical supports with institutes and manufacturers help to publish lighting standards and replace light fixtures; the research pays special attention to the blue-rich sources, which impact the important application of high altitude sites. An official leading group towards development and protection of astronomical resources has been established by Ali government; one of its tasks is to issue regulations against light pollution, including special restrictions of airport, mine, and winter heating, and to supervise lighting inspection and rectification. A site protection office under the official group and local astronomical society are organized by Ali observatory; the office can coordinate in government levels and promote related activities. A specific website operated by the protection office releases activity propaganda, evaluation results, and technical comparison with other observatories. Both the site protection office and Ali observatory take responsibility for public education, including popular science lectures, light pollution and energy conservation education. Ali Night Sky Park has been constructed and opens in 2014, and provides a popular place and observational experience. The establishment of Ali Observatory and Night Sky Park brings unexpected social influence, and the starry sky trip to Ali becomes a new format of culture

  4. Post-Colonial Conflict in Africa: A Study of Richard Ali's City of ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    This paper is a critique Richard Ali.s City of Memories as it reveals the facets of post-conflict in Africa. This topic has had many divergent approaches in the local and international arena. Through Ali.s fictional characters, an insider.s view is presented. The city of Bolewa performs becomes a microcosm of the larger issues ...

  5. The AliEn system, status and perspectives

    CERN Document Server

    AUTHOR|(CDS)2067003; Saiz, P; Peters, A J

    2003-01-01

    AliEn is a production environment that implements several components of the Grid paradigm needed to simulate, reconstruct and analyse HEP data in a distributed way. The system is built around Open Source components, uses the Web Services model and standard network protocols to implement the computing platform that is currently being used to produce and analyse Monte Carlo data at over 30 sites on four continents. The aim of this paper is to present the current AliEn architecture and outline its future developments in the light of emerging standards.

  6. The final story on the ALA3/ALIS1 complex

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Lopez Marques, Rosa Laura

    The final story on the ALA3/ALIS1 complex. Lisbeth R. Poulsena, Rosa L. López-Marquésa, Alexander Schultza, Stephen C. McDowellb, Juha Okkeric, Dirk Lichtc, Thomas Pomorskic,  Jeffrey F. Harperb, and Michael G. Palmgrena,1 aCentre for Membrane Pumps in Cells and Disease - PUMPKIN, Danish National...... in endogenous P4-ATPases. Our results indicated that ALIS1 functions as a true ß-subunit for the Arabidopsis putative flippase ALA3, being required for ATP-dependent phospholipid transport and for genetic complementation of the yeast P4-ATPase gene Drs2, which is involved in vesicle budding from the late Golgi...

  7. THE ALI/III GLOBAL PRINCIPLES PROJECT IF Fletcher* 1 ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Dr Tanya du Plessis

    4 The author served as an adviser to the Project from 1999 onwards. For accounts of the work of the ALI Insolvency Project during its successive phases, see Westbrook and .... taken into account in the course of the Global Principles Project.11. 3.1 First steps in ..... matured and payable prior to a certain date), then Article 6.

  8. Analysis of the restoration of mosque Ali Betchine of Algiers

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Nassereddine Attari

    2018-01-01

    Full Text Available Ali Betchine is one of the oldest mosques in the city of Algiers of the Ottoman period. Classified as a national monument in 1947. In 1986, UNESCO gave Ali Betchine its universal cultural dimension. This classification of the mosque has resulted in the building currently being protected from any major architectural shuffle in order to protect and preserve it. The Ali Betchine mosque underwent several transformations during the French colonization, it was converted into a church under the name “Notre Dame des Victoires”. After the independence of the country, this church was converted into a mosque. The evolution of heritage protection in Algeria can be monitored after a period of follow-up by the country's first regulations on heritage protection. It is noticed that an awareness of the architectural heritage of the country was beginning to emerge. The Ali Betchine mosque underwent restoration work which ended in September 2010 after more than twelve years of closure to the faithful. The paper traces the different stages of its restoration.

  9. Enhancing the AliEn Web Service Authentication

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Zhu Jianlin; Zhou Daicui; Zhang Guoping; Saiz, Pablo; Carminati, Federico; Betev, Latchezar; Lorenzo, Patricia Mendez; Grigoras, Alina Gabriela; Grigoras, Costin; Furano, Fabrizio; Schreiner, Steffen; Datskova, Olga Vladimirovna; Banerjee, Subho Sankar

    2011-01-01

    Web Services are an XML based technology that allow applications to communicate with each other across disparate systems. Web Services are becoming the de facto standard that enable inter operability between heterogeneous processes and systems. AliEn2 is a grid environment based on web services. The AliEn2 services can be divided in three categories: Central services, deployed once per organization; Site services, deployed on each of the participating centers; Job Agents running on the worker nodes automatically. A security model to protect these services is essential for the whole system. Current implementations of web server, such as Apache, are not suitable to be used within the grid environment. Apache with the mod s sl and OpenSSL only supports the X.509 certificates. But in the grid environment, the common credential is the proxy certificate for the purpose of providing restricted proxy and delegation. An Authentication framework was taken for AliEn2 web services to add the ability to accept X.509 certificates and proxy certificates from client-side to Apache Web Server. The authentication framework could also allow the generation of access control policies to limit access to the AliEn2 web services.

  10. Improving performance of AliRoot using C++11

    CERN Document Server

    Agarwal, Abhineet

    2014-01-01

    The aim of the project was to increase the performance and better the memory management which is currently used in AliRoot. For this, we want to look up to certain ROOT libraries and containers which could be replaced using C++ containers and standard libraries. Also, to better the memory management, we wanted to use the smart pointers used in C++11.

  11. MPC and ALI: their basis and their comparison

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Kennedy, W.E. Jr.; Watson, E.C.

    1981-03-01

    Radiation protection regulations in the United States have evolved from the recommendations of the International Commission on Radiological Protection (ICRP) and the National Council on Radiation Protection and Measurements (NCRP). In 1959, the ICRP issued Publication 2 which contained specific recommendations on dose rate limits, permissible body burdens, metabolic data for radionuclides, and maximum permissible concentrations (MPC) in air or water. Over the next 20 years, new information became available concerning the effects of radiation, the uptake and retention of radionuclides, and the radioactive decay schemes of parent radionuclides. To include this newer information, the ICRP issued Publication 30 in 1978 to supersede Publication 2. One of the secondary limits defined in Publication 30 is the annual limit of intake (ALI). Radionuclide specific ALI values are intended to replace MPC values in determining whether or not ambient air and water concentrations are sufficiently low to maintain the dose to workers within accepted dose rate limits. In this paper, we discuss the derivation of MPC and ALI values, compare inhalation committed dose equivalent factors derived from ICRP Publications 2 and 30, and discuss the practical implications of using either MPC or ALI in determining compliance with occupational exposure limits. 6 references

  12. Suurajatolla Ali al-Sistani saabus Najaffi / Kalev Vilgats

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Vilgats, Kalev

    2004-01-01

    Mässulise shiiidivaimuliku Moqtada al-Sadri Mahdi armee võitlejad on pidanud Najafis USA vägedega lahinguid juba kolm nädalat. Iraagi kõrgeim shiiiavaimulik suurajatolla Ali al-Sistani kutsub kõiki iraaklasi endaga Najaffi marssima, et lahingutele lõpp teha

  13. Mucosal Infections and Invasive Potential of Nonencapsulated Streptococcus pneumoniae Are Enhanced by Oligopeptide Binding Proteins AliC and AliD

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jessica L. Bradshaw

    2018-01-01

    Full Text Available Nonencapsulated Streptococcus pneumoniae (NESp is an emerging human pathogen that colonizes the nasopharynx and is associated with noninvasive diseases such as otitis media (OM, conjunctivitis, and nonbacteremic pneumonia. Since capsule expression was previously thought to be necessary for establishment of invasive pneumococcal disease (IPD, serotype-specific polysaccharide capsules are targeted by currently licensed pneumococcal vaccines. Yet, NESp expressing oligopeptide binding proteins AliC and AliD have been isolated during IPD. Thus, we hypothesize AliC and AliD are major NESp virulence determinants that facilitate persistence and development of IPD. Our study reveals that NESp expressing AliC and AliD have intensified virulence compared to isogenic mutants. Specifically, we demonstrate AliC and AliD enhance murine nasopharyngeal colonization and pulmonary infection and are required for OM in a chinchilla model. Furthermore, AliC and AliD increase pneumococcal survival in chinchilla whole blood and aid in resistance to killing by human leukocytes. Comparative proteome analysis revealed significant alterations in protein levels when AliC and AliD were absent. Virulence-associated proteins, including a pneumococcal surface protein C variant (CbpAC, were significantly downregulated, while starvation response indicators were upregulated in the double mutant relative to wild-type levels. We also reveal that differentially expressed CbpAC was essential for NESp adherence to epithelial cells, virulence during OM, reduction of C3b deposition on the NESp surface, and binding to nonspecific IgA. Altogether, the rise in NESp prevalence urges the need to understand how NESp establishes disease and persists in a host. This study highlights the roles of AliC, AliD, and CbpAC in the pathogenesis of NESp.

  14. [Research on blood distribution of Tibetan population in Ali area].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Liu, X X; Li, D D; Li, H L; Hou, L A; Liu, Z J; Yang, H Y; Qiu, L

    2017-12-12

    Objective: To explore the distribution of ABO blood group in the healthy population in the Ali area of Tibet, and to analyze the difference of blood group distribution between the Tibetan population in Ali and the Tibet Tibetan population. Methods: The blood distribution of 509 apparent healthy volunteers of Tueti County and Gal County, Tibet, which were randomly selected from September to November in 2016; 137 Tibetan blood donors, from 2016 September to2017 July and 84 Tibetan blood donors from 2015 August to 2017 July was analyzed retrospectively. The blood type was tested by the slide method. By reviewing the Chinese and foreign language database, seven articles on Tibetan blood group distribution were obtained. And the data of the blood distribution of the Ali area population and the Tibet Tibetan population were compared. Results: The ABO phenotype frequencies of 507 apparent healthy people, 137 blood donors and 84 recipients were B>O>A>AB. The composition ratio were 36.1%, 34.5%, 21.5 %, 7.9%; 40.1%, 35.0%, 17.5%, 7.3%; 39.3%, 34.5%, 20.2%, 6.0%.There was no statistically significant difference in blood group distribution between the donors and the recipients ( P >0.05). And there was no significant difference in the blood group distribution between Ali and Shigatse, Nagqu, Lhasa, Shannan. However, the differences between Ali and Qamdo, Nyingchi areas were statistically significant. Conclusion: The geographical position of the blood from the west to east, B type shows a downward trend, O type blood composition ratio shows an upward trend.

  15. The final story on the ALA3/ALIS1 complex

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Lopez Marques, Rosa Laura

    The final story on the ALA3/ALIS1 complex. Lisbeth R. Poulsena, Rosa L. López-Marquésa, Alexander Schultza, Stephen C. McDowellb, Juha Okkeric, Dirk Lichtc, Thomas Pomorskic,  Jeffrey F. Harperb, and Michael G. Palmgrena,1 aCentre for Membrane Pumps in Cells and Disease - PUMPKIN, Danish National...... in endogenous P4-ATPases. Our results indicated that ALIS1 functions as a true ß-subunit for the Arabidopsis putative flippase ALA3, being required for ATP-dependent phospholipid transport and for genetic complementation of the yeast P4-ATPase gene Drs2, which is involved in vesicle budding from the late Golgi...... involved in shedding of damaged root cap cells. Axelsen KB, Palmgren MG (2001) Plant Physiol. 126:696-706. Gomes E, Jakobsen MK, Axelsen KB, Geisler M, Palmgren MG (2000) Plant Cell 12:2441-2454. Pomorski T, Menon AK (2006) Cell Mol Life Sci. 63:2908-2921....

  16. AliBaba: PubMed as a graph.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Plake, Conrad; Schiemann, Torsten; Pankalla, Marcus; Hakenberg, Jörg; Leser, Ulf

    2006-10-01

    The biomedical literature contains a wealth of information on associations between many different types of objects, such as protein-protein interactions, gene-disease associations and subcellular locations of proteins. When searching such information using conventional search engines, e.g. PubMed, users see the data only one-abstract at a time and 'hidden' in natural language text. AliBaba is an interactive tool for graphical summarization of search results. It parses the set of abstracts that fit a PubMed query and presents extracted information on biomedical objects and their relationships as a graphical network. AliBaba extracts associations between cells, diseases, drugs, proteins, species and tissues. Several filter options allow for a more focused search. Thus, researchers can grasp complex networks described in various articles at a glance. http://alibaba.informatik.hu-berlin.de/

  17. Applied linguistics, performance theory, and Muhammad Ali's Japanese failure

    OpenAIRE

    Miracle, Jared

    2017-01-01

    One of the more colorful realizations of the age-old striking versus grappling rivalry came in 1976, in a fight billed as boxing versus professional wrestling. Unlike similar matches throughout history, however, this event featured the heavyweight world champion, Muhammad Ali, and the most popular Japanese professional wrestler of the day, Antonio Inoki.\\ud \\ud Investigating this event through the lens of applied linguistic anthropology reveals much about the contextual social dynamics at pla...

  18. Streptococcus pneumoniae Proteins AmiA, AliA, and AliB Bind Peptides Found in Ribosomal Proteins of Other Bacterial Species

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Fauzy Nasher

    2018-01-01

    Full Text Available The nasopharynx is frequently colonized by both commensal and pathogenic bacteria including Streptococcus pneumoniae (pneumococcus. Pneumococcus is an important pathogen responsible for bacterial meningitis and community acquired pneumonia but is also commonly an asymptomatic colonizer of the nasopharynx. Understanding interactions between microbes may provide insights into pathogenesis. Here, we investigated the ability of the three oligopeptide-binding proteins AmiA, AliA, and AliB of an ATP-binding cassette transporter of pneumococcus to detect short peptides found in other bacterial species. We found three possible peptide ligands for AmiA and four each for AliA and AliB of which two for each protein matched ribosomal proteins of other bacterial species. Using synthetic peptides we confirmed the following binding: AmiA binds peptide AKTIKITQTR, matching 50S ribosomal subunit protein L30, AliA binds peptide FNEMQPIVDRQ, matching 30S ribosomal protein S20, and AliB binds peptide AIQSEKARKHN, matching 30S ribosomal protein S20, without excluding the possibility of binding of the other peptides. These Ami–AliA/AliB peptide ligands are found in multiple species in the class of Gammaproteobacteria which includes common colonizers of the nostrils and nasopharynx. Binding such peptides may enable pneumococcus to detect and respond to neighboring species in its environment and is a potential mechanism for interspecies communication and environmental surveillance.

  19. Contamination of mercury in tongkat Ali hitam herbal preparations.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ang, H H; Lee, K L

    2006-08-01

    The DCA (Drug Control Authority), Malaysia has implemented the phase three registration of traditional medicines on 1 January 1992. As such, a total of 100 products in various pharmaceutical dosage forms of a herbal preparation found in Malaysia, containing tongkat Ali hitam, either single or combined preparations, were analyzed for the presence of a heavy toxic metal, mercury, using atomic absorption spectrophotometer, after performing a simple random sampling to enable each sample an equal chance of being selected in an unbiased manner. Results showed that 26% of these products possessed 0.53-2.35 ppm of mercury, and therefore, do not comply with the quality requirement for traditional medicines in Malaysia. The quality requirement for traditional medicines in Malaysia is not exceeding 0.5 ppm for mercury. Out of these 26 products, four products have already registered with the DCA, Malaysia whilst the rest, however, have not registered with the DCA, Malaysia.

  20. Peran Mukti Ali dalam Pengembangan Toleransi Antar Agama di Indonesia

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Khairah Husin

    2014-06-01

    Full Text Available Agama sebagai sasaran kajian penelitian sudah banyak dilakukan oleh para sarjana disiplin ilmu. Mereka melakukan penelitian terhadap berbagai aspek dari agama, baik aspek ide maupun aspek perwujudan dalam kenyataan. Dimulai dari keyakinan dan ajaran yang dimiliki oleh suatu agama hingga pengaruh agama pada kehidupan masyarakat pemeluk agama tersebut. Kalau yang dimaksud metode dalam ilmu perbandingan agama adalah cara untuk memperoleh dan mamahami kebenaran agama dari realitas empiris, atau lebih tepatnya “kebenaran ilmiah agamis”, maka pendekatan tiada lain adalah suatu sikap ilmiah (persepsi dari seorang yang harus ditunjukkan untuk menemukan kebenaran ilmiah yang hendak diperoleh. Dengan demikian pendekatan sifatnya umum. Dalan suatu pendekatan tertentu dapat digunakan bermacammacam metode, umpamanya seorang Sosiolog akan mengkaji agama pasti akan menerapkan pendekatan metode-metode sosiologis. Begitu pula Sejarawan, Antropolog, Fenomenolog, dan lain-lain akan menerapkan pendekatan dan metode sesuai dengan latar belakang keahliannya. Maka sasaran ideal dari beberapa pendekatan adalah memperoleh interelasi yang sistematis dari fakta-fakta agama, dan bertujuan untuk mencari jawaban tentang fakta-fakta tersebut dengan menggunakan kesangsian sistematis. Pendekatan keilmuan dalam meneliti agama mencoba mendeskripsikan dunia pemeluk agama secara apa adanya (das sein, bukan didasarkan semestinya secara normatif (das sollen. Dengan demikian, pendekatan keilmuan yang empiris ini menggunakan dan mengadaptasi pendekatanpendekatan ilmu-ilmu sosial dan budaya. Dari sekian tokoh ilmu Perbandingan Agama, kebanyakan dari mereka merupakan ilmuwan Barat. Namun demikian ada juga beberapa tokoh perbandingan agama dari duni Islam, antara lain adalah Prof. Dr. H.A. Mukti Ali, Ibnu Hazm dan As-Syahrastani. Sementara Ibnu Hazm Al Andalusy dan As-Syahrastani merupakan tokoh-tokoh Perbaga Muslim dari zaman klasik – zaman ketika Perbaga belum terbentuk sebagai

  1. ALiEM Blog and Podcast Watch: Toxicology.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zaver, Fareen; Craddick, Michael; Sanford, Audrey; Sefa, Nana; Hughes, George; Lin, Michelle

    2017-10-01

    The WestJEM Blog and Podcast Watch presents high-quality open-access educational blogs and podcasts in emergency medicine based on the ongoing Academic Life in Emergency Medicine (ALiEM) Approved Instructional Resources (AIR) and AIR-Professional (Pro) series. Both series critically appraise open-access educational blogs and podcasts in EM using an objective scoring instrument. This installment of the blog and podcast watch series curated and scored relevant posts in the specific topic of toxicology emergencies from the AIR-Pro Series. The AIR-Pro Series is a continuously building curriculum covering a new subject area every two months. For each area, eight EM chief residents identify 3-5 advanced clinical questions. Using FOAMsearch.net and FOAMSearcher to search blogs and podcasts, relevant posts are scored by eight reviewers from the AIR-Pro editorial board, which is comprised of EM faculty and chief residents at various institutions across North America. The scoring instrument contains five measurement outcomes based on seven-point Likert scales: recency, accuracy, educational utility, evidence based, and references. The AIR-Pro label is awarded to posts with a score of ≥28 (out of 35) points. An "honorable mention" label is awarded if board members collectively felt that the blogs were valuable and the scores were > 25. A total of 31 blog posts and podcasts were included. Key educational pearls from the six high-quality AIR-Pro posts and four honorable mentions are summarized. The WestJEM ALiEM Blog and Podcast Watch series is based on the AIR and AIR-Pro Series, which attempts to identify high-quality educational content on open-access blogs and podcasts. This series provides an expert-based, crowdsourced approach towards critically appraising educational social media content for EM clinicians. This installment focuses on toxicology emergencies.

  2. Divider plate leak inspections using an acoustic tool 'ALIS'

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Kowalewski, J.; Colbert, M.

    1998-01-01

    Divider plate leakage in the primary head of steam generators may be a contributor to high Reactor Inlet Header Temperature (RIHT) which can have a negative effect on the operation of a plant. A method to provide quick information of divider plate leakage can be very useful in helping operators to make timely and cost effective repair and maintenance decisions. As part of a CANDU Owners Group (COG) funded program, a novel acoustic tool for performing inspections in empty steam generators during a shutdown has been developed and successfully demonstrated by Ontario Hydro Technologies (OHT). The basic principle of this technique utilizes sound transmission through the leakage paths of a divider plate assembly for creating a graphic image which reveals the locations and relative sizes of leaks. This is accomplished by injecting one side of the primary head with a series of airborne, ultrasonic sound bursts while scanning the divider plates from the opposite side and collecting transmitted sound pressure levels. Once a scan is completed the results are processed and displayed graphically as a color mapping of the entire divider plate assembly showing an image of the leakage locations and relative severity. The special transducers of the acoustic leak inspection system (ALIS) are installed through the manways of the steam generator at both sides of the primary head. These are clamped to the tube sheet and operated from a convenient remote location within the containment building. This process minimizes radiation exposure of the workers, as well, it reduces risk of contamination of the ALIS equipment. The current version of this tool performs the scans by remote manual control. (author)

  3. 76 FR 11756 - Action Affecting Export Privileges; Ali Amirnazmi; Order Denying Export Privileges

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-03-03

    ... DEPARTMENT OF COMMERCE Bureau of Industry and Security Action Affecting Export Privileges; Ali Amirnazmi; Order Denying Export Privileges In the Matter of: Ali Amirnazmi, Register 63302-066, FCI... release and forfeit $81,277.37. Section 766.25 of the Export Administration Regulations (``EAR'' or...

  4. Dynamic virtual AliEn Grid sites on Nimbus with CernVM

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Harutyunyan, A; Buncic, P; Freeman, T; Keahey, K

    2010-01-01

    We describe the work on enabling one click deployment of Grid sites of AliEn Grid framework on the Nimbus 'science cloud' at the University of Chicago. The integration of computing resources of the cloud with the resource pool of AliEn Grid is achieved by leveraging two mechanisms: the Nimbus Context Broker developed at Argonne National Laboratory and the University of Chicago, and CernVM - a baseline virtual software appliance for LHC experiments developed at CERN. Two approaches of dynamic virtual AliEn Grid site deployment are presented.

  5. The similarity of Ali (as and Jesus (PBUH in Islamic tradition

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sorush Ghanbari

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available According to the teachings of the Shia, Imam Ali (AS has unique features by which he earned the merits of becoming the successor to the Prophet (pbuh as the Imam and Wali. One of the most important of his features is his similarity to the Jesus as one of the greatest prophets before Prophet Muhammad (pbuh. This similarity was first mentioned in some Islamic traditions, especially the ones narrated through Shiite Isnad in interpretation of the verses 57-59 of the Surta Az-Zukhruf. In these traditions, the Prophet has regarded the Position of Imam Ali (AS in his nation the same as Jesus's Position among the Israel. The Quran has cited the inimical arguments of the Arab infidels against this prophet's saying: they considered the worshiping of their own gods better than accepting Prophet's remark in equating his cousin with Jesus (pbuh. By resorting to this remark, the infidels regarded worshiping their own gods more preferable than deifying a man. Therefore, the first and most prominent similarity between Imam Ali (AS and Jesus Christ (pbuh is attributing divinity to Imam Ali (AS, at least by some of his extreme lovers. The Quranic command saying: "Do not Exaggerate about your religion… .(Quran 4:17 refers to the Christian extremism in deifying Jesus, But soon word Ghali was borrowed from this verse and used to refer to Shiite extremists. Moreover, the Quran (4: 159, talks about the advent of Jesus Christ to his followers before their death .The same concept has been mentioned in Shiite traditions about Imam Ali (AS, according to which, he is believed to be present beside every dying Muslim individual. This appearance of Imam Ali (AS would remind us the idea of Imam Ali's (AS return to this world. Thus, the return of Imam Ali (AS to this world is the third similarity between Imam Ali (AS and Jesus Christ (PBUH. Not only the return of Jesus has been mentioned in in the Christian tradition as the one manifested to the apostles after his ascension

  6. The similarity of Ali (as and Jesus (PBUH in Islamic tradition

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mahdi Hasanzadeh

    2015-12-01

    Full Text Available According to the teachings of the Shia, Imam Ali (AS has unique features by which he earned the merits of becoming the successor to the Prophet (pbuh as the Imam and Wali. One of the most important of his features is his similarity to the Jesus as one of the greatest prophets before Prophet Muhammad (pbuh. This similarity was first mentioned in some Islamic traditions, especially the ones narrated through Shiite Isnad in interpretation of the verses 57-59 of the Surta Az-Zukhruf. In these traditions, the Prophet has regarded the Position of Imam Ali (AS in his nation the same as Jesus's Position among the Israel. The Quran has cited the inimical arguments of the Arab infidels against this prophet's saying: they considered the worshiping of their own gods better than accepting Prophet's remark in equating his cousin with Jesus (pbuh. By resorting to this remark, the infidels regarded worshiping their own gods more preferable than deifying a man. Therefore, the first and most prominent similarity between Imam Ali (AS and Jesus Christ (pbuh is attributing divinity to Imam Ali (AS, at least by some of his extreme lovers. The Quranic command saying: "Do not Exaggerate about your religion… .(Quran 4:17 refers to the Christian extremism in deifying Jesus, But soon word Ghali was borrowed from this verse and used to refer to Shiite extremists. Moreover, the Quran (4: 159, talks about the advent of Jesus Christ to his followers before their death .The same concept has been mentioned in Shiite traditions about Imam Ali (AS, according to which, he is believed to be present beside every dying Muslim individual. This appearance of Imam Ali (AS would remind us the idea of Imam Ali's (AS return to this world. Thus, the return of Imam Ali (AS to this world is the third similarity between Imam Ali (AS and Jesus Christ (PBUH. Not only the return of Jesus has been mentioned in in the Christian tradition as the one manifested to the apostles after his ascension

  7. SAFARI 2000 ALI/ETM+ Tandem Image Pair for Skukuza, South Africa, May 2001

    Data.gov (United States)

    National Aeronautics and Space Administration — ABSTRACT: A tandem pair of Advanced Land Imager (ALI) and Landsat Enhanced Thematic Mapper Plus (ETM+) scenes covering the same part of Kruger National Park (KNP),...

  8. SAFARI 2000 ALI/ETM+ Tandem Image Pair for Skukuza, South Africa, May 2001

    Data.gov (United States)

    National Aeronautics and Space Administration — A tandem pair of Advanced Land Imager (ALI) and Landsat Enhanced Thematic Mapper Plus (ETM+) scenes covering the same part of Kruger National Park (KNP), South...

  9. Improving beam profiles in the Super-ALIS super conducting storage ring

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Yamada, K.; Kaneko, T.; Kuroda, K.; Nakajima, M.; Hosokawa, T.

    1996-01-01

    In the Super-ALIS superconducting storage ring for synchrotron radiation, the electron beams have been suffering from slanted profiles. The most probable reason for this slanting problem is x-y coupling originating from the combination of the sextupole components and the vertical closed orbit distortion (COD) in the superconducting bending magnets. In this work, we present the results of correcting profiles in the Super-ALIS by reducing COD and using cancellation coils for sextupole components. (orig.)

  10. Preliminary studies on the extraction of Glycospanonins in Tongkat Ali extract

    Science.gov (United States)

    Abirame, S.; Sivakumar, K.; Chua, L. S.; Sarmidi, M. R.

    2016-06-01

    Eurycoma longifolia, locally known as Tongkat Ali, is a famous medicinal plant in the family of Simaroubaceae and well known for its aphrodisiac properties from its water extract. The root of E. longifolia is used to extract wide range bioactive components of Tongkat Ali. Previous works standardised Tongkat Ali extracts by measuring the concentration of eurycomanone, a quassinoid marker chemical, within the overall extract. There is a newer Malaysian standard that specifies that Tongkat Ali can be standardised to glycosaponin, thus it is desired to determine how extraction parameters such as particle size, extraction temperature, and solvent type affects the glycosaponin content in the extract. The overall study is aimed to determine how the extraction parameters affect the glycosaponin amount in extract. This paper presents the preliminary work where in this study the effect of particle size on overall extract and glycosaponin quantification method development is presented. A reflux extraction method was used to extract Tongkat Ali with a particle size of 0.5 mm, 1.0 mm and 2.0 mm of raw material to study effect of particle size on overall extract. Water and methanol were the two types of solvent used for extraction to study the quantity of glycosaponin.

  11. Highly pathogenic avian influenza virus nucleoprotein interacts with TREX complex adaptor protein Aly/REF.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Vinod R M T Balasubramaniam

    Full Text Available We constructed a novel chicken (Gallus gallus lung cDNA library fused inside yeast acting domain vector (pGADT7. Using yeast two-hybrid screening with highly pathogenic avian influenza (HPAI nucleoprotein (NP from the strain (A/chicken/Malaysia/5858/2004(H5N1 as bait, and the Gallus gallus lung cDNA library as prey, a novel interaction between the Gallus gallus cellular RNA export adaptor protein Aly/REF and the viral NP was identified. This interaction was confirmed and validated with mammalian two hybrid studies and co-immunoprecipitation assay. Cellular localization studies using confocal microscopy showed that NP and Aly/REF co-localize primarily in the nucleus. Further investigations by mammalian two hybrid studies into the binding of NP of other subtypes of influenza virus such as the swine A/New Jersey/1976/H1N1 and pandemic A/Malaysia/854/2009(H1N1 to human Aly/REF, also showed that the NP of these viruses interacts with human Aly/REF. Our findings are also supported by docking studies which showed tight and favorable binding between H5N1 NP and human Aly/REF, using crystal structures from Protein Data Bank. siRNA knockdown of Aly/REF had little effect on the export of HPAI NP and other viral RNA as it showed no significant reduction in virus titer. However, UAP56, another component of the TREX complex, which recruits Aly/REF to mRNA was found to interact even better with H5N1 NP through molecular docking studies. Both these proteins also co-localizes in the nucleus at early infection similar to Aly/REF. Intriguingly, knockdown of UAP56 in A549 infected cells shows significant reduction in viral titer (close to 10 fold reduction. Conclusively, our study have opened new avenues for research of other cellular RNA export adaptors crucial in aiding viral RNA export such as the SRSF3, 9G8 and ASF/SF2 that may play role in influenza virus RNA nucleocytoplasmic transport.

  12. Põhja-Küprose liider soovib isolatsiooni lõppemist / Mehmet Ali Talat ; interv. Erkki Bahovski

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Talat, Mehmet Ali

    2004-01-01

    Põhja-Küprose liidri väitel soovib türklaste kogukond diplomaatilise tunnustuse asemel isolatsiooni lõppemist. Intervjuus käsitletavad teemad: Küprose saare tulevik, liitumine Euroopa Liiduga, Türgi liitumine euroliiduga. Lisad: Kahe kogukonna - kreeklaste ja türklaste - vahel lõhestatud Küpros; Mehmet Ali Talat

  13. The Impact of Christianity and Modernity on Ali - Earth Goddess of ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    This study generally focuses on Ali (Earth) deity among the Ikwerre ethnic nationality of South Eastern part of Nigeria. Ikwerre occupies four Local Government Areas in Rivers State, namely: Emohua, Ikwerre, Obio/Akpor and Port Harcourt City. The study attempts a reconstruction of the traditional heritage of beliefs and ...

  14. Simultaneous quantitation of six major quassinoids in Tongkat Ali dietary supplements by liquid chromatography with tandem mass spectrometry.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Han, Young Min; Jang, Moonhee; Kim, In Sook; Kim, Seung Hyun; Yoo, Hye Hyun

    2015-07-01

    Tongkat Ali (Eurycoma longifolia) is one of the most popular traditional herbs in Southeast Asia and generally consumed as forms of dietary supplements, tea, or drink additives for coffee or energy beverages. In this study, the liquid chromatography with tandem mass spectrometry method for the simultaneous quantitation of six major quassinoids of Tongkat Ali (eurycomanone, 13,21-dihydroeurycomanone, 13α(21)-epoxyeurycomanone, 14,15β-dihydroxyklaineanone, eurycomalactone, and longilactone) was developed and validated. Using the developed method, the content of the six quassinoids was measured in Tongkat Ali containing dietary supplement tablets or capsules, and the resulting data were used to confirm the presence of Tongkat Ali in those products. Among the six quassinoids, eurycomanone was the most abundant quassinoid in all samples tested. The developed method would be useful for the quality assessment of Tongkat Ali containing dietary supplements. © 2015 WILEY-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA, Weinheim.

  15. Tongkat Ali (Eurycoma longifolia): a possible therapeutic candidate against Blastocystis sp.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Girish, Sonal; Kumar, Suresh; Aminudin, Norhaniza

    2015-06-18

    In the local Malaysian context, herbal plants such as Eurycoma longifolia (Tongkat Ali), Orthosiphon stamineus (MisaiKucing), Ficus deltoidea (Mas Cotek), Zingiber officinale (Halia Bara) and Barringtonia racemosa (Putat) are known and widely used for its therapeutic properties. The first part of this study aims to screen for the anti-protozoal activity of these herbal plant extracts against Blastocystis sp. isolate subtype (ST) 3. Herbal extract with the highest efficacy was further fractionized into water and ethyl acetate fractions and tested against ST1, ST3 and ST5 Blastocystis sp. isolates. These isolates were also exposed to allopathic drugs, Metronidazole (MTZ), Tinidazole, Trimethoprim-sulfamethoxazole(TMP-SMX), Ketoconazole and Nitazoxanide for comparison purpose. Blastocystis sp. isolates from human-derived stool samples were exposed to herbal extracts and allopathic drugs at a concentration of 0.1 mg/ml and 1.0 mg/ml and were incubated at 37 °C. Growth profile studies were carried out. After 72 h of treatment, the viability of Blastocystis sp. as a result of the effects of the drugs and herbal extracts were assessed. Based on the screening process, amongst all the extracts, Tongkat Ali exhibited the highest anti-protozoal activity at 1.0 mg/ml. Between the water and ethyl acetate fractions of Tongkat Ali, the ethyl acetate fraction exhibited a slightly higher percentage of anti-protozoal activity at 1.0 mg/ml across subtypes, ST1 (94.9%), ST3 (95.1%) and ST5 (94.3%). When tested with allopathic drugs, at the same concentration, MTZ exhibited the highest anti-protozoal activity across subtypes, ST1 (95.8%), ST3 (93.4%) and ST5 (90.8%). This study is the first to describe the anti-protozoal properties of Tongkat Ali against Blastocystis sp. isolates. Ethyl acetate fraction of Tongkat Ali demonstrated the highest anti-protozoal activity against Blastocystis sp. isolates and showed a sizeable reduction in the cell count which was comparable with MTZ

  16. Interoperating AliEn and ARC for a Distributed Tier1 in the Nordic Countries

    CERN Document Server

    Gros, Philippe; Lindemann, Jonas; Saiz, Pablo; Zarochentsev, Andrey

    2011-01-01

    To reach its large computing needs, the ALICE experiment at CERN has developed its own middleware called AliEn, centralised and relying on pilot jobs. One of its strength is the automatic installation of the required packages. The Nordic countries have offered a distributed Tier-1 centre for the CERN experiments, where the job management should be done with the NorduGrid middleware ARC. We have developed an interoperation module to allow to unify several computing sites using ARC, and make them look like a single site from the point of view of AliEn. A prototype has been completed and tested out of production. This talk will present implementation details of the system and its performance in tests.

  17. Plant proteins, minerals and trace elements of Eurycoma longifolia (Tongkat Ali).

    Science.gov (United States)

    Chua, Lee Suan; Abdul-Rahman, Nurulaini; Rosidi, Bustanur; Lee, Chew Tin

    2013-03-01

    A water extraction method has been used to extract plant proteins from the roots of Eurycoma longifolia harvested from Perak and Pahang, Malaysia. On the basis of the spectroscopic Bradford assay, Tongkat Ali Perak and Pahang contained 0.3868 and 0.9573 mg mL(-1) of crude protein, respectively. The crude proteins were separated by one dimensional 15% sodium dodecyl sulphate polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis into two (49.8 and 5.5 kD) and four (49.8, 24.7, 21.1 and 5.5 kD) protein spots for Tongkat Ali Perak and Pahang, respectively. Isoleucine was present in the highest concentration significantly. Both plant samples showed differences in the mineral and trace element profiles, but the minerals calcium, magnesium and potassium were present in the highest concentration. The highly concerned toxic metals such as arsenic and lead were not detected.

  18. Tongkat Ali (Eurycoma longifolia Jack): a review on its ethnobotany and pharmacological importance.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bhat, Rajeev; Karim, A A

    2010-10-01

    Eurycoma longifolia Jack is an herbal medicinal plant of South-East Asian origin, popularly recognized as 'Tongkat Ali.' The plant parts have been traditionally used for its antimalarial, aphrodisiac, anti-diabetic, antimicrobial and anti-pyretic activities, which have also been proved scientifically. The plant parts are rich in various bioactive compounds (like eurycomaoside, eurycolactone, eurycomalactone, eurycomanone, and pasakbumin-B) among which the alkaloids and quassinoids form a major portion. Even though toxicity and safety evaluation studies have been pursued, still a major gap exists in providing scientific base for commercial utilization and clearance of the Tongkat Ali products with regard to consumer's safety. The present review aims at reviewing the research works undertaken till date, on this plant in order to provide sufficient baseline information for future works and for commercial exploitation. Copyright © 2010 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.

  19. Fighting Injustice and Intolerance: Re-Presentations of Race and Religion at the Muhammad Ali Center

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Michael Brandon McCormack

    2017-11-01

    Full Text Available This article explores the significance of the Muhammad Ali Center as a site where meanings associated with “race” and “religion” are constructed, contested and potentially transformed. The Muhammad Ali Center is examined as an example of an increasing number of cultural institutions (i.e., cultural centers, museums, arts spaces etc. engaged in the strategic re-presentation of issues of cultural difference and socio-political conflict, towards the ends of promoting social justice and/or human rights. The article draws upon theories and methods in cultural studies, religious studies, and museums studies in order to explore the significance of the representational and curatorial strategies of such cultural institutions for understanding alternative approaches to influencing and/or intervening in public discourses and practices surrounding issues of racial injustice and religious intolerance.

  20. Tongkat Ali (Eurycoma longifolia): a possible therapeutic candidate against Blastocystis sp.

    OpenAIRE

    Girish, Sonal; Kumar, Suresh; Aminudin, Norhaniza

    2015-01-01

    Background In the local Malaysian context, herbal plants such as Eurycoma longifolia (Tongkat Ali), Orthosiphon stamineus (MisaiKucing), Ficus deltoidea (Mas Cotek), Zingiber officinale (Halia Bara) and Barringtonia racemosa (Putat) are known and widely used for its therapeutic properties. The first part of this study aims to screen for the anti-protozoal activity of these herbal plant extracts against Blastocystis sp. isolate subtype (ST) 3. Herbal extract with the highest efficacy was furth...

  1. Effect of Tongkat Ali on stress hormones and psychological mood state in moderately stressed subjects

    OpenAIRE

    Talbott, Shawn M; Talbott, Julie A; George, Annie; Pugh, Mike

    2013-01-01

    Background Eurycoma longifolia is a medicinal plant commonly called tongkat ali (TA) and ?Malaysian ginseng.? TA roots are a traditional ?anti-aging? remedy and modern supplements are intended to improve libido, energy, sports performance and weight loss. Previous studies have shown properly-standardized TA to stimulate release of free testosterone, improve sex drive, reduce fatigue, and improve well-being. Methods We assessed stress hormones and mood state in 63 subjects (32 men and 31 women...

  2. Ali Emirî'nin Osmanlı Tarih ve Edebiyat Mecmuası Ali Emiri's Ottoman History And Literature Periodicals

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Seher ERDOĞAN ÇELTİK

    2013-03-01

    Full Text Available Periodicals are the documents which constitute resources for ourhistory. A kind of literary atmosphere forms around the magazines;feuilleton novel, story, poetry, critics and similar literary works cometogether with the reader via these magazines. Founder of the PublicLibrary, Ali Emirî published two literary periodicals named OttomanHistory and Literature and History and Literature which are thesuccessor to each other. Totally comprising of 36 issues, the first ispublished as 31 and the latter is published as 5 issues. During theirpublication years, the periodical constituted highly literary atmosphereand this atmosphere undertook an encoring mission in youth’s literaryworks.In this study, these periodicals are introduced and theircontributions to our literary and cultural life are mentioned.First of all Ali Emirî published Ottoman History and Literatureand History and Literature with the aim of being useful for his countryand nation. Later he aimed to illuminate the information/sources ofabout Ottoman history and literature and correct document mistakes.He also wanted to replay to the works that were published as anopposition for him through the magazine and, including Mehmet FuatKöprülü he criticized many other people and institutions.Ali Emiri introduces Divanu Lügati't-Türk to Turkish world. Hewho travelled a lot because of his occupation and thus he continuouslycollected new information and documents. As he enlarged Emirisometimes introduced this information to the readers. Ettik şeref-i hizmet-i ecdâdı ferâmûşÂsârına eslâfımızın rağbet olunmazBir gün bilinir kıymeti mecmûamın ammâPek çok aranır ortada mecmûa bulunmazSüreli yayınlar, edebiyat tarihimize kaynaklık eden dokümanlardandır. Dergiler çevresinde genelde edebî bir muhit oluşur; tefrika roman, hikâye, şiir, tenkit ve benzeri gibi edebî ürünler onlar vasıtasıyla okuyucusuyla buluşur. Millet Kütüphanesinin kurucusu olan Ali Emir

  3. JAliEn - A new interface between the AliEn jobs and the central services

    CERN Document Server

    Grigoras, A G; Pedreira, M M; Saiz, P; Schreiner, S

    2014-01-01

    Since the ALICE experiment began data taking in early 2010, the amount of end user jobs on the AliEn Grid has increased signif icantly. Presently 1/3 of the 40K CPU cores available to ALICE are occupied by jobs submitted by about 400 distinct users, individually or in organized analysis trains. The overall stability of the AliEn middleware has been excellent throughout the 3 years of running, but the massive amount of end-user analysis and its specific requirements and load has revealed few components which can be improved. One of them is the interface between users and central AliEn services (catalogue, job submission system) which we are currently re-implementing in Java . The interface provides persistent connection with enhanced data and job submission authenticity. In this paper we will describe the architecture of the new interface, the ROOT binding which enables the use of a single interface in addition to the standard UN IX-like access shell and the new security-related features.

  4. Securing the AliEn File Catalogue - Enforcing authorization with accountable file operations

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Schreiner, Steffen; Banerjee, Subho Sankar; Betev, Latchezar; Carminati, Federico; Vladimirovna Datskova, Olga; Furano, Fabrizio; Grigoras, Alina; Grigoras, Costin; Mendez Lorenzo, Patricia; Peters, Andreas Joachim; Saiz, Pablo; Bagnasco, Stefano; Zhu Jianlin

    2011-01-01

    The AliEn Grid Services, as operated by the ALICE Collaboration in its global physics analysis grid framework, is based on a central File Catalogue together with a distributed set of storage systems and the possibility to register links to external data resources. This paper describes several identified vulnerabilities in the AliEn File Catalogue access protocol regarding fraud and unauthorized file alteration and presents a more secure and revised design: a new mechanism, called LFN Booking Table, is introduced in order to keep track of access authorization in the transient state of files entering or leaving the File Catalogue. Due to a simplification of the original Access Envelope mechanism for xrootd-protocol-based storage systems, fundamental computational improvements of the mechanism were achieved as well as an up to 50% reduction of the credential's size. By extending the access protocol with signed status messages from the underlying storage system, the File Catalogue receives trusted information about a file's size and checksum and the protocol is no longer dependent on client trust. Altogether, the revised design complies with atomic and consistent transactions and allows for accountable, authentic, and traceable file operations. This paper describes these changes as part and beyond the development of AliEn version 2.19.

  5. Petrogenesis of skarn related Cu-porphyry intrusion deposit, Ali-Abad- Darreh Zereshk, Yazd

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Batoul Taghipour

    2011-04-01

    Full Text Available The study area is a part of Cenozoic magmatic belt of Central Iran, which is located in the West of Yazd porovince. Contact metamorphism and skarn occurred in conglomerate part of Sngestan Formation. The Oligocene intrusion bodies of Ali-Abad-Darreh Zereshk are leucocerate and have the chemical composition of granite to granodiorite with calc-alkaline affinity from volcanic arc geological setting. The main mineral assemblage of skarn in order of imprtance is as follow: Garnet + epidote + quartz + calcite + pyrite + iron oxides. Brown garnets are the skarn characteristic mineral. EPMA analysis has shown that the chemical composition with garnet belong to andradite-grossular solid-solution (And 65, Gross 30 with more andradite component. The high permeability and presence of carbonate pebbles in conglomerate are two important factors for fluid flow and genesis of garnets. Distinct oscillatory zoning in garnets is resulted from the change of fO2 in fluids. The evolution of Ali-Abad skarn is took place in the range of 380 to 530 ºC, 0.5 Kbar pressure and high fO2. Also close association of this skarn with Ali-Abad intrusive with Cu-porphyry mineralization shows that this skarn is a Cu-porphyry type skarn.

  6. Expounding a Few Key Strategies of Imam Ali (AS on Prevention of Diseases by Means of Improving Nutrition Style

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Hossein Moradi

    2016-06-01

    Conclusion: Using the guidelines of Imam Ali (AS, new dimensions of prevention practices and treatment of chronic diseases can be achieved. Furthermore, many other hypotheses can be raised making available a wide range of scientific researches

  7. Etiology and Clinical Investigation of Nosocomial Infections at Ardabil Bou-Ali Hospital during 2010

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Manoochehr Barak

    2012-11-01

    Full Text Available Background & Objectives: Nosocomial infections occur following admission of patients in the hospitals and usually are accompanied by significant mortalities. This study was conducted to determine the frequency of nosocomial infections and the causatives in Ardabil Bu Ali hospital during 2010.   Methods: This study was a cross-sectional study which has been done on collection of information through practical examinations, laboratory tests and files of nosocomillay infected patients in Ardabil Bu Ali hospital during 2010. Data were analyzed by SPSS.   Results: From a total of 3254 patients, 42 (1.3% had got nosocomial infections. Of these infected patients 47.6% was males and 52.4% was females. Infection was more frequent in patients with ages between 1 month to1 year old (45.2%. Sepsis (33.3%, pneumonia and blood stream infections (23.8% and urinary tract infection (19% were the most frequent infections. The mean length of hospital stay was 26.86 days. Klebsiella pneumoniae was the most common pathogen reported (23.8%. Infection was more common in NICU (38.1%.   Conclusion: In this study, the frequency of nosocomial infection was lower than other studies. Distribution of infection differed with age, ward and length of stay in the hospital.

  8. Effect of Tongkat Ali on stress hormones and psychological mood state in moderately stressed subjects.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Talbott, Shawn M; Talbott, Julie A; George, Annie; Pugh, Mike

    2013-05-26

    Eurycoma longifolia is a medicinal plant commonly called tongkat ali (TA) and "Malaysian ginseng." TA roots are a traditional "anti-aging" remedy and modern supplements are intended to improve libido, energy, sports performance and weight loss. Previous studies have shown properly-standardized TA to stimulate release of free testosterone, improve sex drive, reduce fatigue, and improve well-being. We assessed stress hormones and mood state in 63 subjects (32 men and 31 women) screened for moderate stress and supplemented with a standardized hot-water extract of TA root (TA) or Placebo (PL) for 4 weeks. Analysis of variance (ANOVA) with significance set at p tongkat ali root extract improves stress hormone profile and certain mood state parameters, suggesting that this "ancient" remedy may be an effective approach to shielding the body from the detrimental effects of "modern" chronic stress, which may include general day-to-day stress, as well as the stress of dieting, sleep deprivation, and exercise training.

  9. Cultivating Cultural Education Values of Islam Nusantara in MA (Islamic Senior High School Ali Maksum Krapyak

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sembodo Ardi Widodo

    2016-06-01

    Full Text Available This research aims to determine the cultural education values of Islam Nusantara atIslamic Senior High School of Ali Maksum Krapyak Yogyakarta and how those values are taught through education. This researchuses qualitative approach by usingdata collection technique through observation, interviews, and documentation. The process of analysis data used is qualitative. The results of this study show that Islam Nusantara is an Islamic style of Indonesia, a combination of Islamic theological values with the local traditions, culture and customs. There are three pillars in Islam Nusantara, there arethought, movement, and 'amaliyya (action and there are five signs of Islam Nusantara, namely reform (ishlahiyyah, tawazuniyyah, tathawwu'iyyah, akhlaqiyyah (politeness, and tasamuh;The cultural education values of Islam Nusantara in MA Ali Maksum is the value of nationalism, diversity (pluralism, and the value of NU (tasamuh, tawazun, tawasuth; The madrasah activities consist ofMuludan, grave pilgrimage, halal bi halal, Muharroman, haul of the founder (dies natalis, competitions reading kitab kuning(yellow books, etc., that those are the typical product of Islam Nusantara.

  10. Ali Canip Yöntem’in Sanata ve Edebiyata Bakışı Ali Canip Yöntem’s Perspective to Art and Literature

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Abdullah HARMANCI

    2012-09-01

    Full Text Available Ali Canip Yöntem (1887-1967 who is one of the prominent names of the national literary movement gave many works relating to literary theory and criticism as well as poem. Before being connected to national literary, author who has largely been seeking on the line extending from Muallim Naci to Cedideci (New Literature movement and Fecr-i Aticis (Dawn of the Future has deep thoughts in his many articles that will light the way for today’s artists and researchers either due to hiscommand of our classical literature or of Western Literature. From hiswritings in question, in our article, opinions of Yöntem about somematters such as what is the art and literature, why it is existing, whatcould be its power and effect, how to take advantage of art andliterature, the place and importance of the imitation in art, pleasure,beauty, perception and genius concepts, purpose of art, relationshipbetween artist and school of art, art and dialectic, poem and knowledge,poem and sensation etc were scanned and these opinions were whollyattempted to be assessed. Apart from these, problems collected undersome titles such as what, in fact, is the concept of national literature adhow it should be understood, our mistakes when assessing the concept“national”, dimensions of artist and public when assessing within thecontext of national literature have been the topic of the Ali CanipYöntem’s articles and opinions of author about these issues wereattempted to be examined by us. Yöntem also referred to the problemsabout limits of literary criticism and features which a reviewer musthave, and attached importance to the relationship of literary criticismwith literary text. Milli edebiyat akımının önde gelen isimlerinden olan Ali Canip Yöntem (1887 – 1967, şiirin yanı sıra edebiyat teorisine ve eleştirisine ilişkin eserler de vermiştir. Milli edebiyata mensup olmadan önce, Muallim Naci’den Edebiyatı Cedidecilere, Fecr-i Âticilere uzanan

  11. His Excellency Mr Ali Naci Koru Ambassador extraordinary and plenipotentiary Permanent Representative of Turkey to the United Nations Office at Geneva and other international organisations in Switzerland

    CERN Multimedia

    Bennett, Sophia Elizabeth

    2017-01-01

    His Excellency Mr Ali Naci Koru Ambassador extraordinary and plenipotentiary Permanent Representative of Turkey to the United Nations Office at Geneva and other international organisations in Switzerland

  12. Differential expression of THOC1 and ALY mRNP biogenesis/export factors in human cancers

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Domínguez-Sánchez, María S; Sáez, Carmen; Japón, Miguel A; Aguilera, Andrés; Luna, Rosa

    2011-01-01

    One key step in gene expression is the biogenesis of mRNA ribonucleoparticle complexes (mRNPs). Formation of the mRNP requires the participation of a number of conserved factors such as the THO complex. THO interacts physically and functionally with the Sub2/UAP56 RNA-dependent ATPase, and the Yra1/REF1/ALY RNA-binding protein linking transcription, mRNA export and genome integrity. Given the link between genome instability and cancer, we have performed a comparative analysis of the expression patterns of THOC1, a THO complex subunit, and ALY in tumor samples. The mRNA levels were measured by quantitative real-time PCR and hybridization of a tumor tissue cDNA array; and the protein levels and distribution by immunostaining of a custom tissue array containing a set of paraffin-embedded samples of different tumor and normal tissues followed by statistical analysis. We show that the expression of two mRNP factors, THOC1 and ALY are altered in several tumor tissues. THOC1 mRNA and protein levels are up-regulated in ovarian and lung tumors and down-regulated in those of testis and skin, whereas ALY is altered in a wide variety of tumors. In contrast to THOC1, ALY protein is highly detected in normal proliferative cells, but poorly in high-grade cancers. These results suggest a differential connection between tumorogenesis and the expression levels of human THO and ALY. This study opens the possibility of defining mRNP biogenesis factors as putative players in cell proliferation that could contribute to tumor development

  13. Studying the potential role of ALIS proteins on the functionality of ALA2

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Lopez Marques, Rosa Laura; Poulsen, Lisbeth Rosager; Meffert, Katharina

    ). Recently we have identified five Cdc50p homologues in Arabidopsis [ALA Interacting Subunit (ALIS) 1 to 5] (1), and demonstrated that these ß-subunits are essential for the functioning of ALA3. We are currently working on a third Arabidopsis P4-ATPase isoform, ALA2. We have shown that this isoform...... physiological function.   1 Poulsen, L.R; López-Marqués, R.L et al. (2008) The Arabidopsis P4-ATPase ALA3 localizes to the Golgi and requires a ß-subunit to function in lipid translocation and secretory vesicle formation. The Plant Cell, vol. 20, 658-676. 2 Gomès, E. et al. (2000) Chilling tolerance...... in Arabidopsis involves ALA1, a member of a new family of putative aminophospholipid translocases. The Plant Cell, vol. 12, 2441-2453....

  14. ALIS-FLP: Amplified ligation selected fragment-length polymorphism method for microbial genotyping

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Brillowska-Dabrowska, A.; Wianecka, M.; Dabrowski, Slawomir

    2008-01-01

    A DNA fingerprinting method known as ALIS-FLP (amplified ligation selected fragment-length polymorphism) has been developed for selective and specific amplification of restriction fragments from TspRI restriction endonuclease digested genomic DNA. The method is similar to AFLP, but differs......RI genomic DNA fragment, and a short, degenerated, oligonucleotide covering the remaining TspRI cohesive ends. Other cohesive ends are covered by a short degenerated oligonucleotide lacking the primer site. The ligation mixture is used as a template for amplification using a single primer corresponding...... for differentiation of the organisms without previous knowledge of their DNA sequence. The usefulness of the method is confirmed by genotyping of 70 previously characterized clinical E. coli isolates. The grouping obtained was identical to the results of REA-PFGE. Versatility of the method is highlighted, i.e. its...

  15. A survey on hypothermia incidence in transported neonates to neonatal ward Ali Asghar hospital

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    SayeadMohammadsaleh Tabib

    2015-05-01

    Full Text Available Background: Hypothermia is very prevalent in neonatal transport and can increase morbidity and mortality in this age group. Materials and Methods: In this study, all neonates transported from different parts of Bushehr province to Ali Asghar hospital during the second half (2007 were checked for axillary temperature on admission. Results: 328 neonates were entered to the study. The incidence of hypothermia was 47.6 percent. There was a significant relationship between hypothermia and transfer method (with or without incubator, gestational age, chronological age on admission, birth weight, Apgar score (P<0.0001 and neonatal outcome (P=0.001. Conclusion: Hypothermia leads to increased mortality in neonates and is related to prematurity and low birth weight and low Apgar score. Kangaroo mother care (KMC is recommended instead of incubator care to prevent hypothermia during transfer.

  16. Effet des conditions climatiques sur le niveau du lac Sidi Ali (Moyen Atlas, Maroc)

    OpenAIRE

    Sayad, Ahmed; Chakiri, Saïd; Martin, Claude; Bejjaji, Zohra; Echarfaoui, Hassan

    2012-01-01

    Le lac Sidi Ali est un lac naturel d'altitude (2070-2080 m), sans exutoire superficiel, déterminé par le barrage d'une coulée basaltique. Doté d'un bassin versant apparent de 15,6 km2, il est alimenté par des eaux de ruissellement et par des sources karstiques. Son niveau subit des variations très fortes, annuelles et interannuelles, sous le contrôle des conditions climatiques, et en particulier des pluies et de l'évapotranspiration. Les périodes de sécheresse qui ont marqué les trois dernièr...

  17. Ali Observatory in Tibet: a unique northern site for future CMB ground-based observations

    Science.gov (United States)

    Su, Meng

    2015-08-01

    Ground-based CMB observations have been performed at the South Pole and the Atacama desert in Chile. However, a significant fraction of the sky can not be observed from just these two sites. For a full sky coverage from the ground in the future, a northern site for CMB observation, in particular CMB polarization, is required. Besides the long-thought site in Greenland, the high altitude Tibet plateau provides another opportunity. I will describe the Ali Observatory in Tibet, located at N32°19', E80°01', as a potential site for ground-based CMB observations. The new site is located on almost 5100m mountain, near Gar town, where is an excellent site for both infrared and submillimeter observations. Study with the long-term database of ground weather stations and archival satellite data has been performed. The site has enough relative height on the plateau and is accessible by car. The Shiquanhe town is 40 mins away by driving, and a recently opened airport with 40 mins driving, the site also has road excess, electricity, and optical fiber with fast internet. Preliminary measurement of the Precipitable Water Vapor is ~one quarter less than 0.5mm per year and the long term monitoring is under development. In addition, surrounding higher sites are also available and could be further developed if necessary. Ali provides unique northern sky coverage and together with the South Pole and the Atacama desert, future CMB observations will be able to cover the full sky from ground.

  18. The Adult Life After Childhood Cancer in Scandinavia (ALiCCS) Study: Design and Characteristics.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Asdahl, Peter H; Winther, Jeanette F; Bonnesen, Trine G; De Fine Licht, Sofie; Gudmundsdottir, Thorgerdur; Anderson, Harald; Madanat-Harjuoja, Laura; Tryggvadottir, Laufey; Småstuen, Milada Cvancarova; Holmqvist, Anna Sällfors; Hasle, Henrik; Olsen, Jørgen H

    2015-12-01

    During the last five decades, survival of childhood cancer has increased from 25% to 80%. At the same time, however, it has become evident that survivors experience a broad range of therapy-related late adverse health effects. The aim of the Adult Life after Childhood Cancer in Scandinavia (ALiCCS) study is to investigate long-term health consequences of past and current therapies in order to improve follow-up care of survivors and to reduce treatment-related morbidity of future patients. Childhood cancer survivors were identified through the five Nordic cancer registries and a comparison cohort was established through random selection of cancer-free individuals from the civil registration systems. A unique personal identification number was used to link between different health registries. Abstraction of treatment information for a subset of survivors allows investigation of the association between the various components of cancer therapy and late occurring comorbidity. The childhood cancer survivor cohort comprises 33,160 1-year survivors and the comparison cohort comprises 212,892 cancer free individuals from the general population. In the childhood cancer survivor cohort, all types of childhood cancer are represented including leukemia (21%), lymphoma (14%), central nervous system tumors (24%), sarcomas (5%), retinoblastoma (3%), and neuroblastoma (4%). Among the survivors, 22% have been followed beyond the age of 40 years. The ALiCCS study constitutes a new large resource for research on late effects of childhood cancers that include all types of childhood malignancies and has followed a large proportion of the survivors well into late adulthood. © 2015 Wiley Periodicals, Inc.

  19. An evidence-based systematic review of tongkat ali (Eurycoma longifolia) by the Natural Standard Research Collaboration.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ulbricht, Catherine; Conquer, Julie; Flanagan, Kelly; Isaac, Richard; Rusie, Erica; Windsor, Regina C

    2013-03-01

    An evidence-based systematic review of tongkat ali (Eurycoma longifolia) by the Natural Standard Research Collaboration consolidates the safety and efficacy data available in the scientific literature using a validated, reproducible grading rationale. This article includes written and statistical analysis of clinical trials, plus a compilation of expert opinion, folkloric precedent, history, pharmacology, kinetics/dynamics, interactions, adverse effects, toxicology, and dosing.

  20. Efficacy of Tongkat Ali (Eurycoma longifolia) on erectile function improvement: systematic review and meta-analysis of randomized controlled trials.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kotirum, Surachai; Ismail, Shaiful Bahari; Chaiyakunapruk, Nathorn

    2015-10-01

    To determine the efficacy of Tongkat Ali (Eurycoma longifolia) herbal extract on erectile function improvement. Comprehensive electronic databases were searched from inception through October 2014. Randomized controlled trials investigating Tongkat Ali compared to placebo were included. Outcome of interest was the improvement of erectile dysfunction. The difference of changes from baseline of the outcome between Tongkat Ali and placebo was pooled using weighted mean difference (WMD). Methodological quality of included studies was assessed using Jadad's quality scale and Cochrane's risk of bias. Of the 342 articles identified, 2 studies involving a total of 139 participants were analyzed. No significance between group difference was found in the mean WMD of the change in the 5- item version of the international index of erectile function (IIEF-5) at week-12 (0.91; 95% CI: -1.50 to 3.33 with I(2)=89.5%, P-value=0.002) with statistical heterogeneity. Based on the subgroup analysis, significant improved IIEF-5 score of 2.15 (95% CI 1.03-3.27) was found in subjects with lower baseline IIEF-5 score, but this was not seen among those with higher baseline IIEF-5 score. Based on current evidence, the herbal extract of Tongkat Ali may have clinical effect on erectile function. However, more efficacy trials are warranted to further support current evidence. Copyright © 2015 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

  1. Petrology, geochronology, geochemistry and petrogenesis of Bajestan granitoids, North of Ferdows, Khorasan Razvi Province

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Reyhaneh Ahmadirouhani

    2017-02-01

    Full Text Available Introduction The investigated area is situated in the south west of the Khorasan Razavi Province along the North West of the Lut Block. Different types of metal ore bodies along with non-metal deposits have already been documented in the Lut Block (Karimpour et al., 2008. Most of the study area is covered with granitoid rocks. Metamorphic rocks with unknown age are present in the north of the area. Skarns are observed in contact with fault zones and intrusive bodies. Eocene volcanic rocks with andesite and andesibasalt composition are located in the east and north east of the area (Ahmadirouhani et al., 2015. The study area that is a part of the Lut Block has a high potentials for Cu, Fe, Au, and Barite mineralization along the observed alteration zones. In the present study, the petrography, petrogenesis, Sr–Nd isotopes, and U–Pb zircon age of acidic granitoids in the east of Bajestan were investigated. Materials and methods In the current study, 400 rock samples were collected from the field and 170 thin sections were prepared for petrography studies. Thirty samples of volcanic rocks, intrusions, and dykes were analyzed using XRF at the Geological Survey of Iran. Twenty-five samples were selected for the elemental analysis using ICP-MS by the Acme Lab Company (Canada, 16 samples of them were related to acidic intrusive bodies and dykes. In addition, zircon crystals from four samples of the granitoids bodies were collected for U–Pb dating. Approximately 50 zircon grains (i.e. euhedral, clear, uncracked crystals with no visible heritage cores and no inclusions were hand-picked from each sample. Through cathodoluminescence imaging, the internal structure and the origin of zircon grains were examined at the Geological Survey of Vienna, Austria. Moreover, zircons were dated using the (LA-ICP-MS method at the Laboratory of Geochronology, the University of Vienna, Austria using the methodology outlined in Klötzli et al., (2009. Sr and Nd isotopic compositions were also determined for the same samples (i.e. U-Pb samples using the whole-rock method. The samples were analyzed in the Laboratório de Geologia Isotópica da Universidade de Aveiro, Portugal. Results Granitoids in the study area have mostly monzogranite (biotite monzogranite, hornblende biotite monzogranite and pyroxene hornblende biotite monzogranite, granite, and syenogranite composition. Granular, micro-granular, and porphyritic textures are common textures in these rocks. Common mafic minerals in these rocks include biotite, hornblende and pyroxene. Based on mineralogy, low values of magnetic susceptibility, high aluminum saturation index, and high initial 87Sr/86Sr ratios (> 0.710 of the study of granitoid rocks belong to the ilmenite-series of the reduced S-type granitoids. These magmas originated from the upper continental crust at a syncollosion zone. Furthermore, the rocks normalizing spider diagrams showed characteristics of a crustal environment. The age of the granitoids based on zircon U–Pb age dating was determined, including granite porphyry (79±1 Ma, syenogranite (76±1 Ma, biotite monzogranite (76±1 Ma, all of which belong to the Upper Cretaceous (Campanian, except pyroxene hornblende biotite monzogranite with 30.7±1 Ma, Oligocene age (Rupelian has a different age. The ranges of their initial 87Sr/86Sr and 143Nd/144Nd ratios for Upper Cretaceous granitoids are 0.710897–0.717908 and 0.511995–0.512186, respectively while they are 0.713292 and 0.512186 for Oligocene intrusion. The initial єNd isotope values for the syenogranite, biotite monzogranite, and granite porphyry are -10.65, -7.38 and -9.51, respectively. The initial єNd isotope value for pyroxene hornblende biotite monzogranite is -8.06. The values of the igneous rocks could be considered as representative of continental crust derived from magma, and melt derived from psammite rocks is considered to have been the source of the granitoids. Discussion Based on the U-Pb dating results, there are two magmatism phases (Upper Cretaceous and Oligocene in the area which have not reported in the north of Lut Block yet. During the Upper Cretaceous, three localities of granitoids are reported, excluding Bajestan: Bazman (initial 87Sr/86Sr =0.7056 is located in the southern part of the Lut Block, Gazu (initial 87Sr/86Sr =0.7045 is located near the Nayband fault in the Tabas Block and Kaje is located in Ferdows (initial 87Sr/86Sr =0.7061-0.7080. All of these granitoids were formed due to the subduction zone and their magma (I type originated from mantle. However, granitoids in Bajestan with the initial 87Sr/86Sr =0.711-0.718 were formed during the continental collision while their magma was originated from the continental crust. In addition, the Middle Jurassic granitoids in the Lut Block (Shah Kuh, KlatehAhani and SurkhKuh with the origin of continental crustal magma have an initial 87Sr/86Sr = 0.7068-0.7081. That is, the continental crust from which Bajestan granitoid magma is originated, is different from the other parts of the Lut Block due to very high (87Sr/86Sr. This indicates that Bajestan perhaps joined the Lut Block after the Upper Cretaceous collision. In addition to Bajestan, the Oligocene granitoids in the Lut block are reported in the Chah-Shaljami, Dehsalm, Mahoor and Khunik areas. Except Bajestan, all of these granitoids were formed in the subduction zone and their magma is I type. Mineralization in Chah-shaljami, Dehsalm, and Mahoor is related to the porphyric system, whereas no mineralization in Khunik and Bajestan Granitoids has been reported yet. References Ahmadirouhani, R., Karimpour, M.H., Rahimi, B. and Malekzadeh Shafaroudi, A., 2015. Enhance of alteration zones and lineation in the east of Bajestan using SPOT, ASTER, ETM+ and Geophysics data. Scientific Quaternary Journal Geosciences, 24: 253-262. Karimpour, M.H., Malekzadeh-Shafaroudi. A., Stern. C.R. and Hidarian, M.R., 2008. Using ETM+ and airborne geophysics data to locating porphyry copper and epithermal gold deposits in Eastern Iran. Journal of Applied Science, 8: 4004–4016. Klötzli, U., Klötzli, E., Günes, Z. and Kosler, J., 2009. Accuracy of laser ablation U–Pb zircon dating: results from test using five different reference zircons. Geostandards and Geoanalytical Research, 33: 5–15.

  2. Effet des conditions climatiques sur le niveau du lac Sidi Ali (Moyen Atlas, Maroc

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Claude Martin

    2011-11-01

    Full Text Available Le lac Sidi Ali est un lac naturel d'altitude (2070-2080 m, sans exutoire superficiel, déterminé par le barrage d'une coulée basaltique. Doté d'un bassin versant apparent de 15,6 km2, il est alimenté par des eaux de ruissellement et par des sources karstiques. Son niveau subit des variations très fortes, annuelles et interannuelles, sous le contrôle des conditions climatiques, et en particulier des pluies et de l'évapotranspiration. Les périodes de sécheresse qui ont marqué les trois dernières décennies, se sont traduites par un abaissement du niveau de près de 7 m. Mais les précipitations abondantes des années 2008-09 et 2009-10 ont provoqué une nette remontée. Une régression multiple d'assez bonne qualité (r = 0,87 lie la variation annuelle du niveau (d'août à août à différents paramètres (conditions climatiques et niveau initial du lac.Lake Sidi Ali is a natural lake at high altitude (2070-2080 m, without surface outlet, determined by the dam of a basalt flow. With an apparent catchment of 15.6 km2, it is fed by runoff and karst springs. Its level shows strong annual and interannual variations, depending on weather conditions, particularly rainfall and evapotranspiration. Droughts that have marked the last three decades have resulted in a lowering of about 7 m of the water level. But heavy rainfall that occurred in 2008-09 and 2009-10 caused a marked rise. A multiple regression of sufficient quality (r = 0.87 binds the annual change (from august to august at differents parameters (weather conditions and initial level of the lake.

  3. Lithospheric mantle evolution in the Afro-Arabian domain: Insights from Bir Ali mantle xenoliths (Yemen)

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sgualdo, P.; Aviado, K.; Beccaluva, L.; Bianchini, G.; Blichert-Toft, J.; Bryce, J. G.; Graham, D. W.; Natali, C.; Siena, F.

    2015-05-01

    Detailed petrological and geochemical investigations of an extensive sampling of mantle xenoliths from the Neogene-Quaternary Bir Ali diatreme (southern Yemen) indicate that the underlying lithospheric mantle consists predominantly of medium- to fine-grained (often foliated) spinel-peridotites (85-90%) and spinel-pyroxenites (10-15%) showing thermobarometric estimates in the P-T range of 0.9-2.0 GPa and 900-1150 °C. Peridotites, including lherzolites, harzburgites and dunites delineate continuous chemical, modal and mineralogical variations compatible with large extractions of basic melts occurring since the late Proterozoic (~ 2 Ga, according to Lu-Hf model ages). Pyroxenites may represent intrusions of subalkaline basic melts interacting and equilibrated with the host peridotite. Subsequent metasomatism has led to modal changes, with evidence of reaction patches and clinopyroxene and spinel destabilization, as well as formation of new phases (glass, amphibole and feldspar). These changes are accompanied by enrichment of the most incompatible elements and isotopic compositions. 143Nd/144Nd ranges from 0.51419 to 0.51209 (εNd from + 30.3 to - 10.5), 176Hf/177Hf from 0.28459 to 0.28239 (εHf from + 64.4 to - 13.6), and 208Pb/204Pb from 36.85 to 41.56, thus extending from the depleted mantle (DM) towards the enriched OIB mantle (EM and HIMU) components. 3He/4He (R/RA) ratios vary from 7.2 to 7.9 with He concentrations co-varying with the most incompatible element enrichment, in parallel with metasomatic effects. These metasomatic events, particularly effective in harzburgites and dunites, are attributable to the variable interaction with alkaline basic melts related to the general extensional and rifting regime affecting the East Africa-Arabian domain during the Cenozoic. In this respect, Bir Ali mantle xenoliths resemble those occurring along the Arabian margins and the East Africa Rift system, similarly affected by alkaline metasomatism, whereas they are

  4. Professor Mansour Ali Haseeb: Highlights from a pioneer of biomedical research, physician and scientist.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Salih, Mustafa Abdalla M

    2013-01-01

    The article highlights the career of Professor Mansour Ali Haseeb (1910 - 1973; DKSM, Dip Bact, FRCPath, FRCP [Lond]), a pioneer worker in health, medical services, biomedical research and medical education in the Sudan. After his graduation from the Kitchener School of Medicine (renamed, Faculty of Medicine, University of Khartoum [U of K]) in 1934, he devoted his life for the development of laboratory medicine. He became the first Sudanese Director of Stack Medical Research Laboratories (1952 - 1962). He made valuable contributions by his services in the vaccine production and implementation programs, most notably in combating small pox, rabies and epidemic meningitis. In 1963 he became the first Sudanese Professor of Microbiology and Parasitology and served as the first Sudanese Dean of the Faculty of Medicine, U of K (1963-1969). He was an active loyal citizen in public life and served in various fields outside the medical profession. As Mayor of Omdurman, he was invited to visit Berlin in 1963 by Willy Brandt, Mayor of West Berlin (1957-1966) and Chancellor of the Federal Republic of Germany (1969 to 1974). Also as Mayor of Omdurman, he represented the City in welcoming Queen Elizabeth II during her visit to Sudan in February 1965. He also received State Medals from Egypt and Ethiopia. In 1973 he was appointed Chairman of the Sudan Medical Research Council, and was awarded the international Dr. Shousha Foundation Prize and Medal by the WHO for his contribution in the advancement of health, research and medical services.

  5. Worlds Apart: Nam Le’s The Boat and Ali Alizadeh’s Transactions

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Lachlan Brown

    2015-05-01

    Full Text Available This paper reads Ali Alizadeh’s transnational book of short stories (Transactions, 2013 as a curious and pointed response to the kind of literary internationalism seen in Nam Le’s The Boat (2008. Le’s work was first published in the same year as Alizadeh’s The New Angel (which was set during the Iranian revolution. There is a sense in which the spectacular success of Le’s book ‘overshadowed’ the publicity for Alizadeh’s novel in the year of its arrival. But Le’s also work contains a story about an American woman visiting Tehran, and his mimicry perhaps signifies a more problematic representational point of comparison. With this in mind, this paper examines Alizadeh’s Transactions exploring the ways in which Alizadeh’s brutally connected global vision is coded through certain aesthetic choices (including structural, tonal and descriptive that offer something very different to the artisanal and paratactic sensibility of The Boat.

  6. Effect of Eurycoma longifolia Jack (Tongkat ali) extract on human spermatozoa in vitro.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Erasmus, N; Solomon, M C; Fortuin, K A; Henkel, R R

    2012-10-01

    Eurycoma longifolia (Tongkat ali; TA) is a Malaysian shrub used to treat various illnesses including male infertility. Considering that TA is used to improve male fertility and no report regarding its safety has been published, this study investigated the effects of TA extract on various sperm functions. Semen samples of 27 patients and 13 donors were divided into two groups, washed and swim-up spermatozoa, and incubated with different concentrations of TA (1, 10, 20, 100, 2000 μg ml(-1) ) for 1 h at 37 °C. A sample without addition of TA served as control. For washed spermatozoa, significant dose-dependent trends were found for vitality, total motility, acrosome reaction and reactive oxygen species-positive spermatozoa. However, these trends were only significant if the highest concentrations were included in the calculation. Contrary, the increase in the percentage of acrosome-reacted spermatozoa with increasing TA concentrations is very significant (P < 0.0001), and a significant difference (P = 0.0069) to the control could even be recorded at 20 μg TA per ml. For swim-up spermatozoa, no trend could be observed. Results indicate that the TA extract has no deleterious effects on sperm functions at therapeutically used concentrations (<2.5 μg ml(-1) ). However, at very high concentrations, TA may have harmful effects in vitro. © 2012 Blackwell Verlag GmbH.

  7. Determination of mercury by cold vapor atomic absorption spectrophotometer in Tongkat Ali preparations obtained in Malaysia.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ang, Hooi-Hoon; Lee, Ee-Lin; Cheang, Hui-Seong

    2004-01-01

    The DCA (Drug Control Authority), Malaysia, has implemented the phase 3 registration of traditional medicines on 1 January 1992, with special emphasis on the quality, efficacy, and safety (including the presence of heavy metals) in all pharmaceutical dosage forms of traditional medicine preparations. As such, a total of 100 products in various pharmaceutical dosage forms of a herbal preparation, containing Tongkat Ali, were analyzed for mercury content using cold vapor atomic absorption spectrophotometer. Results showed that 36% of the above products possessed 0.52 to 5.30 ppm of mercury and, therefore, do not comply with the quality requirement for traditional medicines in Malaysia. Out of these 36 products, 5 products that possessed 1.05 to 4.41 ppm of mercury were in fact have already registered with the DCA, Malaysia. However, the rest of the products that contain 0.52 to 5.30 ppm of mercury still have not registered with the DCA, Malaysia. Although this study showed that only 64% of the products complied with the quality requirement for traditional medicines in Malaysia pertaining to mercury, they cannot be assumed safe from mercury contamination because of batch-to-batch inconsistency.

  8. The Effect of Dramatized Instruction on Speaking Ability of Imam Ali University EFL Learners

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sadegh Khosronejad

    2013-09-01

    Full Text Available Teaching language as a second or foreign language, undoubtedly, is so demanding and seeking to find methods for facilitating this prominent practice whets the appetite of any practitioner who works in this field. Research shows that using drama in the classroom as a means of teaching helps students learn socially, academically, and developmentally. This study was an attempt to determine the effect of dramatized instruction on the speaking ability of EFL learners of Imam Ali University. Sixty EFL male students at the intermediate level participated in the study. Their age range was 19-22. Two instruments were utilized in this study; pretest, and posttest.  The data were analyzed through t-test. The data analysis indicated that the mean scores of the experimental group students (M = 72.80 were significantly different (3.29>2; df = 58 from the control group students (M = 65.39. In other words, the experimental group outperformed the control group in the posttest significantly. Moreover, the findings indicated that dramatized instruction does have a great effect on the speaking skills. This study supported the idea of effectiveness of dramatized instruction on developing speaking skill and the teachers can help the learners at lower levels promote their speaking skill through dramatized instruction in EFL classes.

  9. DIGITAL WORKFLOW FOR THE CONSERVATION OF BAHRAIN BUILT HERITAGE: THE SHEIK ISA BIN ALI HOUSE

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    L. Barazzetti

    2017-08-01

    Full Text Available Currently, the commercial market offers several tools for digital documentation of historic sites and buildings. Photogrammetry and laser scanning play a fundamental role in the acquisition of metric information, which is then processed to generate reliable records particularly useful also in the built heritage conservation field. Although potentially very fast and accurate, such techniques require expert operators to produce reliable results, especially in the case of complex and large sites. The aim of this paper is to present the digital workflow developed for data acquisition and processing of the Shaikh Isa Bin Ali house in Muharraq, Bahrain. This historic structure is an outstanding example of Bahrain architecture as well as tangible memory of the country history, with strong connotations in the Bahrain cultural identity. The building has been documented employing several digital techniques, including: aerial (drone and terrestrial photogrammetry, rectifying photography, total station and laser scanning. The documentation project has been developed for the Bahrain Authority for Culture and Antiquities (BACA by a multidisciplinary team of experts from Carleton Immersive Media Studio (CIMS, Carleton University, Canada and Gicarus Lab (Politecnico di Milano, Italy.

  10. Acute hemodynamic changes during lung recruitment in lavage and endotoxin-induced ALI.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Odenstedt, Helena; Aneman, Anders; Kárason, Sigurbergur; Stenqvist, Ola; Lundin, Stefan

    2005-01-01

    To assess acute cardiorespiratory effects of recruitment manoeuvres in experimental acute lung injury. Experimental study in animal models of acute lung injury. Experimental laboratory at a University Medical Centre. Ten pigs with bronchoalveolar lavage and eight pigs with endotoxin-induced ALI. Two kinds of recruitment manoeuvres during 1 min; a) vital capacity manoeuvres (ViCM) consisting in a sustained inflation at 30 cmH(2)O and 40 cmH(2)O; b) manoeuvres obtained during ongoing pressure-controlled ventilation (PCRM) with peak airway pressure 30 cmH(2)O, positive end-expiratory pressure (PEEP) 15 and peak airway pressure 40, PEEP 20. Recruitment manoeuvres were repeated after volume expansion (dextran 8 ml/kg). Oxygenation, mean arterial, and pulmonary artery pressures, aortic, mesenteric, and renal blood flow were monitored. Lower pressure recruitment manoeuvres (ViCM30 and PCRM30/15) did not significantly improve oxygenation. With ViCM and PCRM at peak airway pressure 40 cmH(2)O, PaO(2) increased to similar levels in both lavage and endotoxin groups. Aortic blood flow was reduced from baseline during PCRM40/20 and ViCM40 by 57+/-3% and 61+/-6% in the lavage group and by 57+/-8% and 82+/-7% (Pdepression may be attenuated using recruitment manoeuvres during ongoing pressure-controlled ventilation and by prior volume expansion.

  11. Digital Workflow for the Conservation of Bahrain Built Heritage: the Sheik Isa Bin ALI House

    Science.gov (United States)

    Barazzetti, L.; Mezzino, D.; Santana Quintero, M.

    2017-08-01

    Currently, the commercial market offers several tools for digital documentation of historic sites and buildings. Photogrammetry and laser scanning play a fundamental role in the acquisition of metric information, which is then processed to generate reliable records particularly useful also in the built heritage conservation field. Although potentially very fast and accurate, such techniques require expert operators to produce reliable results, especially in the case of complex and large sites. The aim of this paper is to present the digital workflow developed for data acquisition and processing of the Shaikh Isa Bin Ali house in Muharraq, Bahrain. This historic structure is an outstanding example of Bahrain architecture as well as tangible memory of the country history, with strong connotations in the Bahrain cultural identity. The building has been documented employing several digital techniques, including: aerial (drone) and terrestrial photogrammetry, rectifying photography, total station and laser scanning. The documentation project has been developed for the Bahrain Authority for Culture and Antiquities (BACA) by a multidisciplinary team of experts from Carleton Immersive Media Studio (CIMS, Carleton University, Canada) and Gicarus Lab (Politecnico di Milano, Italy).

  12. NILAI–NILAI PENDIDIKAN AKHLAK DALAM AL QUR’AN SURAT ALI IMRAN AYAT 159-160

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Armin Nurhartanto

    2015-12-01

    Full Text Available The background of this research is the phenomenon of teenagers’ moral degenerate which the writer found. Considering the importance of al Qur’an for all people, it is important to implement its values as a concern especially for muslim, so the moral values in al Qur’an can be taught to the people in a good way. From this state, the writer is interested in exploring deeper about moral values in al Qur’an surah Ali Imran 159 – 160. The goals of the research are ; 1 to know the moral values in al Qur’an Surah Ali Imran 159 – 160, 2 to know how the concept of moral value in those verses, 3 to know the implication of those verses for Islamic Education in school. The research is a library research. Primier data source is al Qur’an Surah Ali Imran 159 – 160. The second data sources are book, articles or works about moral values and the implementation of moral values, considered to be true, both in sentences or content. Approaches which are used are didactic – psychology and thematic combined with qualitative analysis and are reprocessed by using deductive, inductive and comparative analysis. The result of the research show that ; 1 moral values reflected in Surah Ali Imran 159 – 160 are graceful, forgiving, solving problem by discussing it with the people, believing in Allah and believing in Allah’s help. 2 in the concept of moral education, the way Rasulullah lead his companions, he prioritizes the graceful, dissscussion, although he holds the highest authotiry. The other moral values is believing in Allah. 3 the implication of the concept of moral education according to al Qur’an Surah Ali Imran 159-160 is the concept of moral-oriented teaching.  The recommendation of this research is how the school as an education institution is able to raise moral values reflected in al Qur’an Surah Ali Imran 159-160 to the student, so they can take the lesson from the prophet’s daily life. Keywords: moral; values; implication to

  13. Turistų kelionės patirtys: Lietuvos, kaip sekso turizmo šalies, vertinimo analizė

    OpenAIRE

    Bereišytė, Neringa

    2008-01-01

    Sekso turizmas - kelionė į svečią šalį, kurios metu užmezgami seksualiniai santykiai su lankomos šalies gyventoju yra pagrindinis/dalinis kelionės tikslas ar netikėtai atsiradusi galimybė, kuria pasinaudojama. Sekso turizmu vadinama globalizacijos sekoje naujai iškilusi ir sparčiai besiplečianti turizmo atšaka. Jei anksčiau seksualinių santykių svečiose šalyse ieškantys turistai savo kelionių kryptimis rinkdavosi Azijos ar Lotynų Amerikos šalis, tai šiandieniniame turizmo kontekste sekso turi...

  14. ALICE distributed analysis of the K*(892)0 signal in pp events with the AliEn package

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Badala, A.; Barbera, R.; Lo Re, G.; Palmeri, A.; Pappalardo, G.S.; Pulvirenti, A.; Riggi, F.

    2004-01-01

    A simulation study concerning the K*(892)0 resonance was carried out within the ALICE Collaboration, in order to evaluate the capability of the detector in the reconstruction of this signal in pp collisions at the Large Hadron Collider (LHC) energy. A description of the analysis procedure which makes use of AliEn, the ALICE package for distributed computing, is given together with the obtained results

  15. The impact of the PAI-1 4G/5G polymorphism on the outcome of patients with ALI/ARDS.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Tsangaris, Iraklis; Tsantes, Argiris; Bonovas, Stefanos; Lignos, Michalis; Kopterides, Petros; Gialeraki, Argiro; Rapti, Evdoxia; Orfanos, Stylianos; Dimopoulou, Ioanna; Travlou, Anthi; Armaganidis, Apostolos

    2009-04-01

    Increased levels of plasminogen activator inhibitor-1 (PAI-1) have been associated with worse outcome in ALI/ARDS. A single guanosine insertion/deletion (4G/5G) polymorphism in the promoter region of the PAI-1 gene, may play an important role in the regulation of PAI-1 expression. The objective of the study was to evaluate the effect of this polymorphism on the outcome of critically ill patients with ALI/ARDS. 52 consecutive ventilated patients with ALI/ARDS were studied. Bronchoalveolar lavage was performed within 48 hours from diagnosis. Measurement of plasma and BALF PAI-1 activity and D-dimers levels, and 4G/5G genotyping of PAI-1 were carried out. The primary outcome was 28-day mortality, and secondary outcomes included organ dysfunction and ventilator-free days. 17 patients were homozygotes for the 4G allele. Severity scores were not different between subgroups upon study enrollment. 28-day mortality was 70.6% and 42.9% for the 4G-4G and the non-4G-4G patients, respectively (p=0.06). PAI-1 activity levels and D-dimer in plasma and BALF were not significantly different between the 4G-4G and the non-4G-4G subgroups. In the multivariate analysis, genotype 4G/4G was the only variable independently associated with 28-day mortality (Odds Ratio=9.95, 95% CI: 1.79-55.28, p=0.009). Furthermore, genotype 4G/4G and plasma PAI-1 activity levels were independently negatively associated with ventilator free days (p=0.033 and p=0.008, respectively). ALI/ARDS patients, homozygous for the 4G allele of the PAI-1 gene, experienced higher 28-day mortality. This genotype was associated with a reduction in the number of days of unassisted ventilation and was inversely associated with the number of days without organ failure.

  16. ALICE distributed analysis of the $K^{*}(892)^{0}$ signal in pp events with the AliEn package

    CERN Document Server

    Badalà, A; Palmeri, A; Pappalardo, G S; Pulvirenti, A; Lo Re, G; Riggi, F

    2004-01-01

    A simulation study concerning the K*(892)**0 resonance was carried out within the ALICE Collaboration, in order to evaluate the capability of the detector in the reconstruction of this signal in pp collisions at the Large Hadron Collider (LHC) energy. A description of the analysis procedure which makes use of AliEn, the ALICE package for distributed computing, is given together with the obtained results.

  17. Cellular Nuclear Export Factors TAP and Aly Are Required for HDAg-L-mediated Assembly of Hepatitis Delta Virus*

    Science.gov (United States)

    Huang, Hsiu-Chen; Lee, Chung-Pei; Liu, Hui-Kang; Chang, Ming-Fu; Lai, Yu-Heng; Lee, Yu-Ching; Huang, Cheng

    2016-01-01

    Hepatitis delta virus (HDV) is a satellite virus of hepatitis B virus (HBV). HDV genome encodes two forms of hepatitis delta antigen (HDAg), small HDAg (HDAg-S), which is required for viral replication, and large HDAg (HDAg-L), which is essential for viral assembly. HDAg-L is identical to HDAg-S except that it bears a 19-amino acid extension at the C terminus. Both HDAgs contain a nuclear localization signal (NLS), but only HDAg-L contains a CRM1-independent nuclear export signal at its C terminus. The nuclear export activity of HDAg-L is important for HDV particle formation. However, the mechanisms of HDAg-L-mediated nuclear export of HDV ribonucleoprotein are not clear. In this study, the host cellular RNA export complex TAP-Aly was found to form a complex with HDAg-L, but not with an export-defective HDAg-L mutant, in which Pro205 was replaced by Ala. HDAg-L was found to colocalize with TAP and Aly in the nucleus. The C-terminal domain of HDAg-L was shown to directly interact with the N terminus of TAP, whereas an HDAg-L mutant lacking the NLS failed to interact with full-length TAP. In addition, small hairpin RNA-mediated down-regulation of TAP or Aly reduced nuclear export of HDAg-L and assembly of HDV virions. Furthermore, a peptide, TAT-HDAg-L(198–210), containing the 10-amino acid TAT peptide and HDAg-L(198–210), inhibited the interaction between HDAg-L and TAP and blocked HDV virion assembly and secretion. These data demonstrate that formation and release of HDV particles are mediated by TAP and Aly. PMID:27807029

  18. Factors influencing development of management strategies for the Abou Ali River in Lebanon. I: Spatial variation and land use

    OpenAIRE

    Massoud, MA; El-Fadel, M; Scrimshaw, MDirector; Lester, JN

    2006-01-01

    Surface water bodies are progressively subject to increasing stress as a result of environmentally degrading processes primarily related to anthropogenic activities. This study assesses and examines the impact of land use and anthropogenic activities on the spatial variation in water quality of the Abou Ali River in North Lebanon. It is the first detailed study of its kind in Lebanon and adds to the existing Knowledge by shedding light on a relatively small Mediterranean river in a developing...

  19. Recours aux cultures céréalières traditionnelles pour améliorer la ...

    International Development Research Centre (IDRC) Digital Library (Canada)

    La recherche. Financé par le CRDI et AMC dans le cadre du Fonds canadien de recherche sur la sécurité alimentaire internationale (FCRSAI), ce projet allie savoir traditionnel et technologie moderne en vue d'accroître la production de cultures céréalières traditionnelles prometteuses dans quatre États de l'Inde. Dans le ...

  20. Expounding a Few Key Strategies of Imam Ali (AS) on Prevention of Diseases by Means of Improving Nutrition Style

    OpenAIRE

    Hossein Moradi

    2016-01-01

    diseases are due to lifestyle changes, especially in the field of nutrition. The Iranian Islamic teachings have extensive guidelines on the issue of healthy lifestyle and nutrition in particular. On that account, there are many sayings and traditions related to nutrition and its practices. The sayings of Imam Ali (AS) like avoiding eating when you are full, not eating your fill when mealtime, and masticating food well are among those traditions. In the light of Imam’s view, the role of ...

  1. Molecular detection of the carriers of Staphylococcus aureus golden in referred to the Imam Ali Clinic in Shahrekord, Iran

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Maryam Reisi

    2014-12-01

    Full Text Available Objective: To conduct for the molecular detection of Staphylococcus aureus (S. aureus (Golden staph carriers among patients referred to the Imam Ali Clinic, Shahrekord, Iran. Methods: This sectional-descriptive study was conducted with 200 persons with suspected upper respiratory tract infections, who were referred to the Imam Ali Clinic in Shahrekord, Iran, in 2012. After culturing the nasal swab samples in mannitol salt agar and blood agar, S. aureus colonies were confirmed by biochemical methods. To determine the susceptibility of S. aureus strains isolated, molecular methods were used. Results: Among the 200 investigated samples, 60 cases (30%, comprising 25 men (41.66% and 35 women (58.33%, were found to be S. aureus carriers. Conclusions: The results of the present study showed that the frequency of the S. aureus strain isolated from the nasal swabs of patients with respiratory tract infections admitted to the Imam Ali Clinic in Shahrekord, Iran, was remarkable. Thus, knowing detection of S. aureus carriers, who are at a risk of spreading nosocomial infection among the staff, is vital to control and prevent nosocomial infections.

  2. THE ROLE OF HABITUS IN DEVELOPING INTELLECTUAL CAPITAL STUDENT AT MA'HAD ALY AL FURQON, PONOROGO

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Katni dan Anip Dwi Saputro

    2017-12-01

    Full Text Available The institution always expects the output quality and personality, but if the surroundings of education never give appropriate habitus, then the result will not be achieved. On the basis of this research, trying to peel about the role of habitus in developing intellectual capital which is a student at Ma'had synergy between the structure with an agency, how an intellectual capital created and run in a Ma'had university. The question of the Islamic College during this time, when students are extremely variable input, its ability to be tough in the formation and determination of the standard of their abilities.  The results of this study found that the role of habitus intellectual capital improvement done in Mahad Aly Al Furqon Ponorogo there are seven models of the structure that supports the students ' intellectual capital development in Ma'had Aly Al Furqon Ponorogo. As for overcoming the Burnout, the students do a variety of activities that make students fresh so avoid burnout. The results of the intellectual capital developed in the Mahad Aly Al Furqon students achieved the target of memorizing a set amount and the more intellectual growth of students marked with a creative, independent inquiries, in drawing up the scientific agenda, active removing the arguments in different ways.

  3. JAliEn – A new interface between the AliEn jobs and the central services

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Grigoras, A G; Grigoras, C; Pedreira, M M; Saiz, P; Schreiner, S

    2014-01-01

    Since the ALICE experiment began data taking in early 2010, the amount of end user jobs on the AliEn Grid has increased significantly. Presently 1/3 of the 40K CPU cores available to ALICE are occupied by jobs submitted by about 400 distinct users, individually or in organized analysis trains. The overall stability of the AliEn middleware has been excellent throughout the 3 years of running, but the massive amount of end-user analysis and its specific requirements and load has revealed few components which can be improved. One of them is the interface between users and central AliEn services (catalogue, job submission system) which we are currently re-implementing in Java. The interface provides persistent connection with enhanced data and job submission authenticity. In this paper we will describe the architecture of the new interface, the ROOT binding which enables the use of a single interface in addition to the standard UNIX-like access shell and the new security-related features

  4. Paparan Debu Kayu Dan Gangguan Fungsi Paru Pada Pekerja Mebel (Studi di PT Alis Jaya Ciptatama

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Wenang Triatmo

    2015-12-01

    Full Text Available ABSTRACT Background : Wood dust generated from processes of sawing, planning and sanding can disperse in the workplace air and harm to the workers. Exposed to low concentration of wood dust for a long time can cause respiratory tract disorders  such as restriction, obstruction or mixed. Generally, organic dust exposure will effect on obstruction of respiratory tract which is indicated by decreasing of % FEV – 1 / FVC. Workers of wood industries have a high risk from wood dust deposition on their respiratory tract. Absorption of wood dust particles in the lung occurred by respiration mechanism. Methods : This research purpose was to analyze the exposure of wood dust and lung function disorder on furniture workers (Study  at  PT Alis Jaya Ciptatama in Jepara Regency. This research was an observational study with a cross Sectional approach with 55 samples. Sampling was carried out by using a Probability Systematic Sampling. Data of respirable wood dust concentration  was measured by a using Personal Dust Sampler. Whereas data of lung function was resulted from Sprirometry test  using a spirometer. Other data was collected from interview with the workers with age limitation is up to 40 years old. Data analyze by Chi Square Test was used to   identity the wood dust exposure, age, gender, time of exposure, working years, smoking habit, excercise habit, nutrient status and awareness in using of Personal Protective Equipment, in the correlation of occuring the lung function disorder.Multivariat analysis was carried out by regression test with the method of backward stepwise. Results: The result of this research was wood dust exposure significantly influence and correlate to the occuring of the lung function disorder on furniture workers ( Study at PT Alis Jaya Ciptatama , using appliance Personal Dust Sampler, highest result wood dust exposure 1,848 mg/m³ and the low result wood dust exposure 0,833 mg/m³, with the result : for wood dust

  5. Quality and storage characteristics of yogurt containing Lacobacillus sakei ALI033 and cinnamon ethanol extract

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Yu Jin Choi

    2016-04-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background This study was conducted to examine the quality and storage characteristics of yogurt containing antifungal-active lactic acid bacteria (ALH, Lacobacillus sakei ALI033 isolated from kimchi and cinnamon ethanol extract. The starter was used for culture inoculation (1.0 % commercial starter culture YF-L812 and ALH. Results The antifungal activity of cinnamon extracts was observed in treatments with either cinnamon ethanol extracts or cinnamon methanol extracts. Changes in fermented milk made with ALH and cinnamon extract during fermentation at 40 °C were as follows. The pH was 4.6 after only 6 h of fermentation. Titratable acidity values were maintained at 0.8 % in all treatment groups. Viable cell counts were maintained at 4 × 109 CFU/mL in all groups except for 1.00 % cinnamon treatment. Sensory evaluations of fermented milk sample made with ALH and 0.05 % cinnamon ethanol extract were the highest. Changes in fermented milk made with ALH and cinnamon ethanol extract during storage at 4 °C for 28 days were as follows. In fermented milk containing ALH and cinnamon ethanol extracts, the changes in pH and titratable acidity were moderate and smaller compared with those of the control. Viable cell counts were maintained within a proper range of 108 CFU/mL. Conclusions The results of this study suggest that the overgrowth of fermentation strains or post acidification during storage can be effectively delayed, thereby maintaining the storage quality of yogurt products in a stable way, using cinnamon ethanol extract, which exhibits excellent antifungal and antibacterial activity, in combination with lactic acid bacteria isolated from kimchi.

  6. ALiEM Blog and Podcast Watch: Procedures in Emergency Medicine.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Joshi, Nikita; Morley, Eric J; Taira, Taku; Branzetti, Jeremy; Grock, Andrew

    2017-10-01

    The WestJEM Blog and Podcast Watch presents high-quality, open-access educational blogs and podcasts in emergency medicine (EM) based on the ongoing Academic Life in EM (ALiEM) Approved Instructional Resources (AIR) and AIR-Professional series. Both series critically appraise resources using an objective scoring rubric. This installment of the Blog and Podcast Watch highlights the topic of procedure emergencies from the AIR Series. The AIR Series is a continuously building curriculum that follows the Council of Emergency Medicine Residency Directors' (CORD) annual testing schedule. For each module, relevant content is collected from the top 50 Social Media Index sites published within the previous 12 months, and scored by eight AIR board members using five equally weighted measurement outcomes: Best Evidence in Emergency Medicine (BEEM) score, accuracy, educational utility, evidence based, and references. Resources scoring ≥30 out of 35 available points receive an AIR label. Resources scoring 27-29 receive an "honorable mention" label if the executive board agrees that the post is accurate and educationally valuable. A total of 85 blog posts and podcasts were evaluated in June 2016. This report summarizes key educational pearls from the three AIR posts and the 10 Honorable Mentions. The WestJEM Blog and Podcast Watch series is based on the AIR and AIR-Pro series, which attempts to identify high-quality educational content on open-access blogs and podcasts. This series provides an expert-based, post-publication curation of educational social media content for EM clinicians, with this installment focusing on procedure emergencies within the AIR series.

  7. In vivo effects of Eurycoma longifolia Jack (Tongkat Ali) extract on reproductive functions in the rat.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Solomon, M C; Erasmus, N; Henkel, R R

    2014-05-01

    An aqueous extract of Eurycoma longifolia (Tongkat Ali; TA) roots is traditionally used to enhance male sexuality. Because previous studies are limited to only few sperm parameters or testosterone concentration, this study investigated the in vivo effects of TA on body and organ weight as well as functional sperm parameters in terms of safety and efficacy in the management of male infertility. Forty-two male rats were divided into a control, low-dose (200 mg kg(-1) BW) and high-dose (800 mg kg(-1) BW) group (n = 14). Rats were force-fed for 14 days and then sacrificed. Total body and organ weights of the prostate, testes, epididymides, gastrocnemius muscle and the omentum were recorded. Moreover, testosterone concentration, sperm concentration, motility, velocity, vitality, acrosome reaction and mitochondrial membrane potential (MMP) were assessed. Whilst TA decreased BW by 5.7% (P = 0.0276) and omentum fat by 31.9% (P = 0.0496), no changes in organ weights were found for the prostate, testes and epididymides. Testosterone concentration increased by 30.2% (P = 0.0544). Muscle weight also increased, yet not significantly. Whilst sperm concentration, total and progressive motility and vitality increased significantly, MMP improved markedly (P = 0.0765) by 25.1%. Because no detrimental effect could be observed, TA appears safe for possible treatment of male infertility and ageing male problems. © 2013 Blackwell Verlag GmbH.

  8. Geochemical and mineralogical features of the polymetallic deposit from Ali' (NE Sicily, Italy

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    D'Urso, D

    2007-04-01

    Full Text Available The mineralization processes in the Peloritani Belt (Southern Sector of the Calabria- Peloritani Arc, related to Pre-Variscan intracontinental rifting, produced sedex-type Pb, Zn, F (Ag, Cu, W (As, Sb ores. This paper focuses on the metalliferous stratabound mineralization outcropping in the Ali' area (Tripi locality. It is part of sulphide ores, concordant with the regional foliation of the hosting unit (Fv2, very widespread in the Mandanici Unit (MaU. This unit is characterized by a Variscan low-P, polyphasic and plurifacial metamorphic overprint involving the basement. This metamorphic overprint exhibits a prograde zoning, from a chlorite zone of greenschist facies to an oligoclase-almandine zone of amphibolite facies. The metalliferous mineral association is formed by galena, sphalerite, pyrite, chalcopyrite, arsenopyrite and covellite. Quartz and fluorite among non-metalliferous minerals are predominant. Some minerals like quartz, fluorite, galena, sphalerite and pyrite are present in two generations, the second of which can be related to intense hydrothermal activity involving the whole Peloritani Belt. Trace-element contents of sulphide ores detected by Atomic Absorption and Inductively Coupled Plasma-Mass Spectrometry on powdered and selected samples of minerals have been determined. Major elements have been analyzed by Scanning Electron Microscopy. The Ag content is quite high in galena, relative to the same mineral of other Peloritani deposits in which this content is around 1000 ppm. Galena shows a high content of Sb (x=621 and lower values of Cd (x=132 and Cu (x=108 whereas in sphalerite the Sb content (x=134 is lower than Cd (x=1118 and Cu (x=1127. Mn is scarcely present in sphalerite, while galena shows higher contents. Fe content in sphalerite is about 6%, in agreement with Pressure-Temperature conditions of the Unit.

  9. Standardised water-soluble extract of Eurycoma longifolia, Tongkat ali, as testosterone booster for managing men with late-onset hypogonadism?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Tambi, M I B M; Imran, M K; Henkel, R R

    2012-05-01

    In most countries, millions of people are relying on herbal medicines as remedy for numerous ailments. In South-East Asia, Eurycoma longifolia Jack, also known as 'Malaysian ginseng' or Tongkat ali, is used to combat stress and disease and to improve physical strength. Moreover, the compounds of the roots of this plant are reported to have aphrodisiac and testosterone enhancing effects in the rat. Considering that human studies are not available, 76 of 320 patients suffering from late-onset hypogonadism (LOH) were given 200 mg of a standardised water-soluble extract of Tongkat ali for 1 month. The Ageing Males' Symptoms (AMS) according to the standardised rating scale and the serum testosterone concentration were taken. Results show that treatment of LOH patients with this Tongkat ali extract significantly (P Tongkat ali extract appears to be useful as a supplement in overcoming the symptoms of LOH and for the management of hypogonadism. © 2011 Blackwell Verlag GmbH.

  10. Alteration zone Mapping in the Meiduk and Sar Cheshmeh Porphyry Copper Mining Districts of Iran using Advanced Land Imager (ALI Satellite Data

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    A. Beiranvand Pour

    2015-10-01

    Full Text Available This study evaluates the capability of Earth Observing-1 (EO1 Advanced Land Imager (ALI data for hydrothermal alteration mapping in the Meiduk and Sar Cheshmeh porphyry copper mining districts, SE Iran. Feature-oriented principal components selection, 4/2, 8/9, 5/4 band ratioing were applied to ALI data for enhancing the hydrothermally altered rocks associated with porphyry copper mineralization, lithological units and vegetation. Mixture-tuned matched-filtering (MTMF was tested to discriminate the hydrothermal alteration areas of porphyry copper mineralization from surrounding environment using the shortwave infrared bands of ALI. Results indicate that the tested methods are able to yield spectral information for identifying vegetation, iron oxide/hydroxide and clay minerals, lithological units and the discrimination of hydrothermally altered rocks from unaltered rocks using ALI data.

  11. Incorporation of Tongkat Ali and Ginseng extracts from mass propagated roots derived from bioreactor technology as supplements in energy chocolate confectionery

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Seri Cempaka Mohd Yusof; Sobri Hussein; Salmah Moosa; Salahbiah Badul Majid; Azhar Mohammad; Foziah Ali; Shafii Khamis; Rusli Ibrahim

    2012-01-01

    Tongkat Ali (Eurycoma longifolia) and Ginseng (Panax ginseng) are well known herbs among Asians and have been sought after by Europeans and others for the benefits to health, especially as aphrodisiac and nourishing stimulants. They have high antioxidant level and were reported to be used in the treatment of type II diabetes, as well as for sexual dysfunction in men. Since Tongkat Ali and Ginseng are difficult to cultivate and have a long cultivation period, the bioreactor technology is the alternative method to produce huge amount of raw materials for the herbal industry and continuous supply of standardized raw materials that is not affected by geographical and environmental factors, soil less and free from pesticides and other contaminants. Tongkat Ali and Ginseng extracts from mass propagated roots derived from bioreactor technology have similar profiles as extracts derived from normal cultivation. Liquid Chromatography-Mass Spectrometer (LC-MS) profiles showed presence of active compounds in the Tongkat Ali and Ginseng extracts from the mass propagated roots. Cytotoxicity test using the brine shrimp (Artemia salina Leach) lethality assay, revealed that higher concentration of Tongkat Ali and Ginseng extracts from mass propagated roots did not kill or affect the brine shrimps, implying that the extracts were safe for consumption. Incorporation of combination of Tongkat Ali and Ginseng total extracts from mass propagated roots derived from bioreactor technology energy chocolate confectionery was accepted by the panelists in sensory evaluation and showed that the chocolate product has good potential as a carrier besides beverages and capsules. (author)

  12. Aliénor, une infante entre la Castille, l’Aragon et le Portugal

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ana Maria S. A. RODRIGUES

    2008-07-01

    Full Text Available Aliénor (?-1445, fille de l’infant Ferdinand de Castille, est devenue infante d’Aragon par l’accession de son père à la couronne d’Aragon et princesse puis reine du Portugal par son mariage avec Édouard (1391-1438. Dans cette étude, nous essayons de démontrer qu’elle ne se contenta pas d’être un simple pion dans les jeux de pouvoir des hommes de ses deux familles – la famille d’origine et la famille d’alliance –, mais qu’elle y prit part activement sans pourtant manquer à ses obligations spécifiquement féminines. Elle mit au monde neuf enfants, garantissant ainsi la continuité dynastique et de fructueuses alliances avec d’autres monarchies, prodigua à son mari affection et conseils et assura la régence du royaume au nom de son fils, tout en gardant un contact étroit avec ses frères et les aidant le cas échéant. Elle fut pourtant déchue du pouvoir par ses beaux-frères. Abandonnée par les infants d’Aragon, elle mourut en exil dans un dénuement presque complet.Leonor (?-1445, hija del infante Fernando de Castilla, fue infanta de Aragón por la elevación de su padre a ese trono, princesa y luego reina de Portugal por su matrimonio con Eduardo (1391-1438. En este estudio, intentamos demostrar que ella no se contentó con ser un simple peón en los juegos de poder de los hombres de sus dos familias – la familia de origen y la familia de alianza – sino que participó en ellos activamente sin por eso faltar a sus deberes específicamente femeninos. Tuvo nueve hijos, garantizando así la continuidad dinástica y fructuosas alianzas con otras monarquías, prodigó a su marido afecto y consejos, y aseguró la regencia del reino en nombre de su hijo, guardando al mismo tiempo un contacto estrecho con sus hermanos y ayudándoles en caso de necesidad. Sin embargo fue descartada del poder por sus cuñados. Abandonada por los infantes de Aragón, murió en exilio en la más extrema necesidad.

  13. Comparison of the X-ray features between child Hirschsprung alied disease and Hirschsprung disease

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Wu Shuochun; Yuan Xinyu; Bai Fengsen; Ma Lishuang; Li Long

    2010-01-01

    Objective: To compare the X-ray features between Hirschsprung alied disease (HAD) and Hirschsprung disease (HD), and analyze the differentiations. Methods: From December 2004 to December 2009, nineteen cases of HAD, aged from 30 days to 10 years (median, 14 months), received barium enema examinations in our institution. Other 19 cases with HD, also received barium enema examinations, were chosen randomly. They were aged from 42 days to 8 years (median, 8 months). The imaging features of HAD and HD were analyzed retrospectively. The incidence rate of colon stenosis, 'truncation sign' and spasm notch and R/C ratio (the longest diameter of rectum/colon) were calculated and compared between these two groups. In all these cases, diagnosis was confirmed by postoperative histopathology. The position of barium retained was also evaluated. These parameters of both groups were compared by χ 2 and Fisher test. Results: There was statistical significance in the incidence rate of' colon stenosis between HAD (9/19) and HD (18/19) (χ 2 =10.364, P 0.05 for both). R/C ratio was 0.42±0.15 in HAD group and 0.29±0.12 in HD group, and there was statistical significance between them (t=2.892, P<0.01). In HAD group, barium retained in distal sigmoid colon in 1 case (1/19), in distal descending colon in 7 cases (7/19), in distal transverse colon in 1 case (1/19), in total colon in 6 cases (6/19); However, in HD group, barium retained in distal rectum in 3 cases (3/19), in distal sigmoid colon in 13 cases (13/19), in distal descending colon in 3 cases (3/19). Conclusions: There were some differences in the imaging features between HAD and HD though they presented similar clinic experience. HAD cases presented a lower incidence rate of colon stenosis and a higher R/C ratio than HD cases. In HAD cases, the most common site of barium retained is distal descending colon, while in HD cases, it is distal sigmoid colon. (authors)

  14. La Roma della diaspora somala: i grovigli spaziali ed identitari della narrativa di Cristina Ali Farah - The Somali Diaspora within Rome: Entanglements of Space and Identity in Cristina Ali Farah's novels

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Nora Moll

    2017-12-01

    Full Text Available Scenario urbano principale dei due romanzi Madre piccola (2007 e Il comandante del fiume (2014, la città di Roma viene ricostruita narrativamente dalla scrittrice italo-somala Cristina Ali Farah secondo prospettive e tensioni nuove e significative. Le geografie degli spazi esterni ed interni della città rispondono in entrambi i testi a delle dinamiche identitarie le quali sono attraversate da temi comuni agli scrittori contemporanei della diaspora africana: la dialettica tra presenza ed assenza (di persone, di luoghi, la precarietà e l’instabilità della dimora d’arrivo, il conflitto tra la memoria traumatica e la necessità di radicarsi nell’hic et nunc spaziale ed esistenziale, la rilettura degli spazi urbani in chiave postcoloniale. A partire da tale matrice tematica, la narrativa di Ali Farah si carica di simbologie e di metafore nuove, che rimandano alla sua poetica e al suo immaginario ben personali. Subentra, nella lettura critica dei testi in questione, anche la considerazione dell’aspetto generazionale, che contrassegna i personaggi, e del diverso vivere la città d’approdo nel caso di biografie finzionali segnate dalla fuga e dalla diaspora, o viceversa dai legami con essa degli esponenti delle “seconde generazioni”.   The city of Rome is the main urban scenario of Cristina Ali Farah's two novels Madre piccola (2007 and Il comandante del fiume (2014, being constructed narratively from new perspectives and using significant narrative strategies. In both fictional texts, the Italian author of Somali and Italian origin depicts external and internal geographies of the Italian Capital, which are connected with identitary dynamics expressed by themes frequently used by contemporary diasporic writers: the dialectics between the presence and the absence (of people and places, the precariousness and instability of the new abode, the conflict between a traumatic memory and the necessity of establishing roots in the spacial

  15. Permanentnost primitivne akumulacije, ali o privatni lastnini, komodifikaciji in povratku rente

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jernej Prodnik

    2011-06-01

    Full Text Available Namen teksta je prispevati k razumevanju ideje o skupnem v obstoječih zgodovinskih okvirih. Avtor opozarja na množico pomenov, ki jih je potrebno vzeti v ozir, ko poizkušamo konceptualizirati skupno, vsaj če ga hočemo razumeti kar se le da celovito. Tega koncepta namreč nikakor ne smemo dojemati le v povezavi s skupnimi viri, področji ali dobrinami, torej v pomenu tega, kar se najpogosteje dojema za skupno posest ali skupno »lastnino«. Skupno je namreč v prvi vrsti koncept, ki ga je nemogoče misliti brez družbenih odnosov, ki so njegov neizogiben del. Omenjen ožji oziroma zamejen pristop, ki je značilen predvsem za politično-ekonomski pogled na skupno, sicer lahko nudi enega izmed ključev za razumevanje raznolikosti skupnega in s kakšnimi tehnikami se ga v epohi bio-lingvističnega kapitalizma eksploatira, vendar bi ekskluzivno osredotočanje le na ta pomen reduciralo kompleksnost tako samega koncepta, kot tudi družbe, v kateri nastaja, s čimer bi lahko tvegali naturalizacijo nekaterih delov družbenega. Prvi del teksta je zato namenjen razjasnitvi mnoštva obrazov in pristopov, iz katerih je mogoče opazovati skupno, čemur šele v drugem delu in s pridržki sledi poizkus politično-ekonomske tipologizacije skupnega. V tem delu sta izpostavljeni predvsem dve »neotipljivi« obliki skupnega, ki postajata žrtvi novih procesov ograjevanja in privatizacije. V obeh primerih se lastnini same informacije, za katere je značilna nerivalska logika ter nizka subtraktivnost, s tem pa se ustvarja nove monopole nad znanjem, ki posredno vplivajo na delovanje celotne družbe. Ti procesi so omogočeni z zunaj-ekonomskimi posegi, predvsem prek uveljavljanja t.i. intelektualne lastnine, ki se na globalni ravni širi prek novih in rigidnih lastniških sistemov (npr. TRIPS, lastnikom pa omogoča omejevanje dostopa ter jim s tem potencialno prinaša ‘profit, ki postaja renta’. Avtor k skupnemu pristopa iz radikalne pozicije alternativne

  16. Landslide detection using LiDAR data and data mining technology: Ali Mountain Highway case study (Taiwan)

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cheng, Youg-Sin; Yu, Teng-To; Tarolli, Paolo

    2017-04-01

    Taiwan mountains are severely affected each year by landslides, rock falls, and debris flows where the roads system suffer the most critical consequences. Among all mountain highways, Ali Highway, located into the main entrance of Alishan Mountain region, is one of the most landslide-prone areas in southern Taiwan. During the typhoon season, between May and August, the probability of occurrence of mass movements is at higher level than usual seeing great erosion rates. In fact, during Typhoon Morakot, in 2009, the intense rainfall caused abrupt interruption of the circulation for three months triggering several landslides (Liu et al. 2012). The topographic features such as slope, roughness and curvature among others have been extracted from 1 m DTM derived by a LiDAR dataset (collected in 2015) to investigate the slope failures along the Ali Mountain Highway. The high-resolution DTM highlighted that the hydrogeomorphological (e.g. density of stream, the distance from the ridge and terrain) features are one of the most influencing factors affecting the change and the instability of the slopes. To detect the landslide area, the decision tree classifier and the random forest algorithm (RF) have been adopted. The results provided a suitable analysis of the area involved in the failure. This will be a useful step in the understanding (and management) landslide processes of study area. References Liu CN, Dong JJ, Chen CJ, Lee WF (2012) Typical landslides and related mechanisms in Ali Mountain highway induced by typhoon Morakot: Perspectives from engineering geology. Landslides 9:239-254.

  17. Factors influencing development of management strategies for the Abou Ali River in Lebanon I: spatial variation and land use.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Massoud, May A; El-Fadel, Mutasem; Scrimshaw, Mark D; Lester, John N

    2006-06-01

    Surface water bodies are progressively subject to increasing stress as a result of environmentally degrading processes primarily related to anthropogenic activities. This study assesses and examines the impact of land use and land-based activities on the spatial variation in water quality of the Abou Ali River in North Lebanon. It is the first detailed study of its kind in Lebanon and adds to the existing knowledge by shedding light on a relatively small Mediterranean river in a developing country where there is a paucity of such studies. The assessment was conducted at the end of the dry season in 2002 and 2003 and the end of the wet season in 2003 and 2004. The study has demonstrated the importance of anthropogenic influences on the water quality of the Abou Ali River Basin, as concentrations of most contaminants were higher at locations with greatest human activity. The most adversely affected area was the section of the river that flows through an entirely urbanized and highly populated region, the Tripoli conurbation. Upstream rural sites were enriched by contaminants primarily from non-point sources such as agricultural runoff and poultry litter whereas contaminant concentrations at the urban sites were enriched by a combination of sewage discharge and flow of contaminants from upstream. If the Abou Ali River is to be utilized as a managed water resource and its water quality sustained, point source discharges will require treatment and land use management must be planned to minimize the impact of diffuse source pollution on the river. A high priority should be given to the implementation and enforcement of the precautionary and polluter pays principles. Moreover, an effective legal, economic and institutional framework is required to encourage investment in waste reduction and control and to introduce environmentally sound practices.

  18. Evaluation of Acute 13-Week Subchronic Toxicity and Genotoxicity of the Powdered Root of Tongkat Ali (Eurycoma longifolia Jack)

    OpenAIRE

    Li, Ching-Hao; Liao, Jiunn-Wang; Liao, Po-Lin; Huang, Wei-Kuang; Tse, Ling-Shan; Lin, Cheng-Hui; Kang, Jaw-Jou; Cheng, Yu-Wen

    2013-01-01

    Tongkat Ali (Eurycoma longifolia) is an indigenous traditional herb in Southern Asia. Its powdered root has been processed to produce health supplements, but no detailed toxicology report is available. In this study, neither mutagenicity nor clastogenicity was noted, and acute oral LD50 was more than 6?g/kg b.w. After 4-week subacute and 13-week subchronic exposure paradigms (0, 0.6, 1.2, and 2?g/kg b.w./day), adverse effects attributable to test compound were not observed with respect to bod...

  19. Parallelization of the AliRoot event reconstruction by performing a semi- automatic source-code transformation

    CERN Multimedia

    CERN. Geneva

    2012-01-01

    side bus or processor interconnections. Parallelism can only result in performance gain, if the memory usage is optimized, memory locality improved and the communication between threads is minimized. But the domain of concurrent programming has become a field for highly skilled experts, as the implementation of multithreading is difficult, error prone and labor intensive. A full re-implementation for parallel execution of existing offline frameworks, like AliRoot in ALICE, is thus unaffordable. An alternative method, is to use a semi-automatic source-to-source transformation for getting a simple parallel design, with almost no interference between threads. This reduces the need of rewriting the develop...

  20. Zonation of flood production potential in Kabutar Ali Chai watershed using SCS model

    Science.gov (United States)

    Jananeh, Keristineh

    2015-04-01

    Kabutar Ali Chai watershed is located on the southern hillsides of Mishow mountains, 75 km northwest of Tabriz, NW Iran. This watershed is confined to 1390 and 3230 m elevation levels, where the general dip is from north to south. The watershed area is 67.46 km2 and the length of the main stream is about 24.5 km. This is one of the flood basins in the region and considering the availability of precipitation data for the 20 year interval and the possibility of flood occurrence threatening the downstream villages, the flood production investigations in order to prioritize the sub-basins regarding their flood-potential were carried out using the SCS method. In this regard, the watershed area was divided into 4 sections based on physiographic and topographic characteristics and the existing stream network: A1 (the southern and the low-height end of the watershed), A2 (the mid-western half), A3 (the mid-eastern half) and A4 (the northern and highest part). The precipitation data for 20 year interval were gathered from the nearby weather stations of Tabriz, Sahand, Marand and Sharafkhaneh based on which, the average annual precipitation is about 294 mm, with the highest amounts of 415 to 450 mm in A4 sub-basin and the lowest value of 253 mm in the southern A1 sub-basin. According to the time of concentration estimates based on the stream lengths and the elevation differences, this parameter is highest in A1 sub-basin with the rate of 1.64 h and lowest at A3 sub-basin with the rate of 0.35 h. This parameter has negative correlation with the flood production potential. The runoff height is estimated using the SCS method. In order to determine the CN curve Number, the maps of hydrologic groups of soil, land use and vegetation were prepared and combined with each other and then, by taking into account the area of each homogeneous unit, the CN number was calculated for the watershed and the related CN map was prepared. The peak discharge of the hydrologic units across the

  1. Examining Reliability and Validity of an Online Score (ALiEM AIR) for Rating Free Open Access Medical Education Resources.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Chan, Teresa Man-Yee; Grock, Andrew; Paddock, Michael; Kulasegaram, Kulamakan; Yarris, Lalena M; Lin, Michelle

    2016-12-01

    Since 2014, Academic Life in Emergency Medicine (ALiEM) has used the Approved Instructional Resources (AIR) score to critically appraise online content. The primary goals of this study are to determine the interrater reliability (IRR) of the ALiEM AIR rating score and determine its correlation with expert educator gestalt. We also determine the minimum number of educator-raters needed to achieve acceptable reliability. Eight educators each rated 83 online educational posts with the ALiEM AIR scale. Items include accuracy, usage of evidence-based medicine, referencing, utility, and the Best Evidence in Emergency Medicine rating score. A generalizability study was conducted to determine IRR and rating variance contributions of facets such as rater, blogs, posts, and topic. A randomized selection of 40 blog posts previously rated through ALiEM AIR was then rated again by a blinded group of expert medical educators according to their gestalt. Their gestalt impression was subsequently correlated with the ALiEM AIR score. The IRR for the ALiEM AIR rating scale was 0.81 during the 6-month pilot period. Decision studies showed that at least 9 raters were required to achieve this reliability. Spearman correlations between mean AIR score and the mean expert gestalt ratings were 0.40 for recommendation for learners and 0.35 for their colleagues. The ALiEM AIR scale is a moderately to highly reliable, 5-question tool when used by medical educators for rating online resources. The score displays a fair correlation with expert educator gestalt in regard to the quality of the resources. The score displays a fair correlation with educator gestalt. Copyright © 2016 American College of Emergency Physicians. Published by Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

  2. Pharmacognostic and phytochemical analyses of leaves and seed storage of abutilon pakistanicum jafri and ali an endemic plant of pakistan

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Fatima, H.; Munir, U.

    2014-01-01

    There are vast varieties of medicinal plant in the world having therapeutical importance. With increasing popularity of herbal medicine as a curative measure, the need for correct identification and standardization of the plant is also increased. Present work was performed to study the pharmacognostic and phytochemical characters of leaves and exsitu seed conservation by seed storage of Abutilon pakistanicum Jafri and Ali. It is an endemic plant, found in the sub tropical regions of Pakistan and is used in traditional medicine for treating rheumatism. The leaves of Abutilon pakistanicum Jafri andAli were investigated for pharmacognostic parameters. Phytochemical screening, macroscopic characters, physiochemical attributes and fluorescence analysis. The results revealed the presence of pharmacologically active compounds like alkaloids, flavonoids, terpinoids, saponins and phenolic compounds, leaf constant values and the extractive values obtained were found close to the values reported for other Abutilon species, while high ash value indicated presence of impurities in the crude drug. The investigation provides information for correct identification and authentication of plant species for further studies and medicinal evaluation of the species. (author)

  3. Investigation of thermodynamic and mechanical properties of AlyIn1-yP alloys by statistical moment method

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ha, Vu Thi Thanh; Hung, Vu Van; Hanh, Pham Thi Minh; Tuyen, Nguyen Viet; Hai, Tran Thi; Hieu, Ho Khac

    2018-03-01

    The thermodynamic and mechanical properties of III-V zinc-blende AlP, InP semiconductors and their alloys have been studied in detail from statistical moment method taking into account the anharmonicity effects of the lattice vibrations. The nearest neighbor distance, thermal expansion coefficient, bulk moduli, specific heats at the constant volume and constant pressure of the zincblende AlP, InP and AlyIn1-yP alloys are calculated as functions of the temperature. The statistical moment method calculations are performed by using the many-body Stillinger-Weber potential. The concentration dependences of the thermodynamic quantities of zinc-blende AlyIn1-yP crystals have also been discussed and compared with those of the experimental results. Our results are reasonable agreement with earlier density functional theory calculations and can provide useful qualitative information for future experiments. The moment method then can be developed extensively for studying the atomistic structure and thermodynamic properties of nanoscale materials as well.

  4. Agama Sebagai Kesadaran Ideologis: Refleksi Perubahan Sosial Ali Syari’ati

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Imam Bonjol Jauhari

    2016-06-01

    Full Text Available Abstract: In the context of social change, the thought of Ali Syar'ati, if seen from the perspective of its frameworks and methods,is different from the thought of other Islamic movements.On the one hand, Shari'ati’s thought opposes the Iranian authority, Shah Pahlavi, but on the other hand, it is totally different from the traditional Iranian anti-change cleric, and it is also in contrast to the radical Islamic movements that do political rebellion against the ruler.Shari'atiput up political resistance through revolutionary ideas influencing public opinion to understand Islam as a doctrine which has an emancipatory interest, that is, the belief of Islam as a school of thought and action in the fight against social and economic injustice, despotic ruler, and the fetters of culture. Efforts to comprehend Islamic meanings in modern and contextual Islamic thought presents two patterns of social changes; first is the pattern of moderatemovement and second is extreme one. The formerleads more specifically to how to implement Islamic values in the national way of life, and   sense of nationalitywithout being trapped inreligious symbols and labels, while the latter leads totheimplementation of Islamic values and symbolismand labeling whichare both considered to be important. So the former tends to take more substantive values of Islam that is essentially concerned with the purpose of realization of the ideals of Islam, while the latter tends to the enactment of Islamic lawin all aspects of community life.  الملخص: في سياق التغيير الاجتماعي، يعتقد أن فكرة علي شريعتي لها إطار وأساليب تختلف عن أساليب رواد الفكر والحركات الإسلامية الأخرى. من ناحية ،أن شريعتي يكافح ضد سلطة مستبدة في إيران، شاه بهلوي. ومن ناحية أخرى، كان مختلفا تماما عن علماء الدين

  5. Bensaâd Ali (dir., L’eau et ses enjeux au Sahara, Iremam, Karthala, 2011, 242 p.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jean-Louis Marçot

    2011-11-01

    Full Text Available Je dirai en premier ma déception. Comme le suggère Ali Bensaâd à l’entrée du livre qu’il a dirigé, l’enjeu de l’eau au Sahara n’est ni plus ni moins que la conservation de la vie dans ce milieu qui lui est particulièrement hostile - la vie sous tous ses aspects. Or cet enjeu « vital » a été négligé au profit d’une approche micro-géographique. C’est pourtant par cette entrée que le travail collectif aurait pu légitimement intéresser un vaste public. Comment l’eau existe-t-elle à l’état naturel...

  6. PEMAKNAAN IDEOLOGIS PERJUANGAN RAKYAT PALESTINA DALAM CERITA PENDEK JABALUN-NÂR KARYA ALI AT-THANTAWY

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Fadlil Manshur

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available This study aims to explain issues of Palestinian people’s struggle against the English occupation in Ali At-Thantawy’ short story Jabalun-Nâr. It employed the theories of genetic structuralism and ideology. The findings are as follows. First, Palestinian people’s responses to the fate of their nation occupied by English people are reflected in the behaviors of two main characters, Irfan and Mukhtar. Second, in social reality, Palestinian people face their nation’s internal challenges, namely the unstable and explosive political-military conditions in struggling against the English occupation on the Paletinian land. Third, the two main characters are effective subjects of thoughts capable of penetrating Palestinian people’s minds with the nationalism spirit to fight against the English occupation. Fourth, the meaning of Jabalun-Nâr is ‘volcano’, a symbol of Palestinian people’s strength successful in defeating English colonists.

  7. Plasticité du droit constitutionnel et dynamique de l’autoritarisme dans la Tunisie de Ben Ali

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Éric Gobe

    2012-02-01

    Full Text Available Le droit des institutions politiques dans la Tunisie de Ben Ali apparaît particulièrement plastique et instable car ce sont les échéances politiques liées à la pérennisation du régime autoritaire qui dictent le rythme et la nature des changements institutionnels. Ce droit est conçu de façon à rendre impensable l’éventualité d’une alternance au sommet de l’État tout en permettant aux pouvoirs publics tunisiens de tenir un discours sur la résolution de la Tunisie à approfondir son engagement démocratique. Les récents textes constitutionnels et législatifs organisant la vie politique concourent, dans le même temps à limiter formellement les pratiques autoritaires tout en les autorisant si nécessaire.

  8. Regions of Different Confinement in Low-Dimensional AlyInxGa1−x−yN Quantum Structures

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    A. Gröning

    2007-01-01

    Full Text Available The optical properties of metal-organic vapor phase epitaxy grown AlyInxGa1−x−yN quantum dot structures have been studied by time-resolved photoluminescence experiments. We investigated the recombination dynamics of the photo-exited carriers in dependence of the growth parameters such as aluminium flow and the duration of the growth interruption after the dot deposition. Our results confirm the presence of localized states, where the degree of localization is strongly dependent on the growth conditions. To describe this behavior, we propose a band structure with coupled potentials for these nanostructures. Finally, we demonstrate state filling to prove the zero-dimensional character of the strongly localized states in our quaternary quantum dots.

  9. Near-critical density filling of the SF6 fluid cell for the ALI-R-DECLIC experiment in weightlessness

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lecoutre, C.; Marre, S.; Garrabos, Y.; Beysens, D.; Hahn, I.

    2018-05-01

    Analyses of ground-based experiments on near-critical fluids to precisely determine their density can be hampered by several effects, especially the density stratification of the sample, the liquid wetting behavior at the cell walls, and a possible singular curvature of the "rectilinear" diameter of the density coexisting curve. For the latter effect, theoretical efforts have been made to understand the amplitude and shape of the critical hook of the density diameter, which depart from predictions from the so-called ideal lattice-gas model of the uniaxial 3D-Ising universality class. In order to optimize the observation of these subtle effects on the position and shape of the liquid-vapor meniscus in the particular case of SF6, we have designed and filled a cell that is highly symmetrized with respect to any median plane of the total fluid volume. In such a viewed quasi-perfect symmetrical fluid volume, the precise detection of the meniscus position and shape for different orientations of the cell with respect to the Earth's gravity acceleration field becomes a sensitive probe to estimate the cell mean density filling and to test the singular diameter effects. After integration of this cell in the ALI-R insert, we take benefit of the high optical and thermal performances of the DECLIC Engineering Model. Here we present the sensitive imaging method providing the precise ground-based SF6 benchmark data. From these data analysis it is found that the temperature dependence of the meniscus position does not reflect the expected critical hook in the rectilinear density diameter. Therefore the off-density criticality of the cell is accurately estimated, before near future experiments using the same ALI-R insert in the DECLIC facility already on-board the International Space Station.

  10. Assessment of a volume-dependent dynamic respiratory system compliance in ALI/ARDS by pooling breathing cycles

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Zhao, Zhanqi; Möller, Knut; Guttmann, Josef

    2012-01-01

    New methods were developed to calculate the volume-dependent dynamic respiratory system compliance (C rs ) in mechanically ventilated patients. Due to noise in respiratory signals and different characteristics of the methods, their results can considerably differ. The aim of the study was to establish a practical procedure to validate the estimation of intratidal dynamic C rs . A total of 28 patients from intensive care units of eight German university hospitals with acute lung injury (ALI) and acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS) were studied retrospectively. Dynamic volume-dependent C rs was determined during ongoing mechanical ventilation with the SLICE method, dynostatic algorithm and adaptive slice method. Conventional two-point compliance C 2P was calculated for comparison. A number of consecutive breathing cycles were pooled to reduce noise in the respiratory signals. C rs -volume curves produced with different methods converged when the number of pooling cycles increased (n ≥ 7). The mean volume-dependent C rs of 20 breaths was highly correlated with mean C 2P (C 2P,mean = 0.945 × C rs,mean − 0.053, r 2 = 0.968, p < 0.0001). The Bland–Altman analysis indicated that C 2P,mean was lower than C rs,mean (−2.4 ± 6.4 ml cm −1 H 2 O, mean bias ± 2 SD), but not significant according to the paired t-test (p > 0.05). Methods for analyzing dynamic respiratory mechanics are sensitive to noise and will converge to a unique solution when the number of pooled cycles increases. Under steady-state conditions, assessment of the volume-dependent C rs in ALI/ARDS patients can be validated by pooling respiratory data of consecutive breaths regardless of which method is applied. Confidence in dynamic C rs determination may be increased with the proposed pooling. (note)

  11. Muusikamaailm : Ozawa festival Matsumotos. Pidustused Utrechtis ülehomseni. Philip Glassi uusteos Salzburgis. Alexandre Lagoya surnud. Frangiz Ali-Zade asutamine Luzernis. Wolfgang Wagner 80 / Priit Kuusk

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Kuusk, Priit, 1938-

    1999-01-01

    H.Saito mälestusfestivalist "Saito Kinen" 29.08-12.09 Jaapanis. Utrechti varajase muusika pidustustest 27.08-5.09. P.Glassi teose "Requiem, Bardo and Nimanakaya" maailmaesiettekandest Salzburgi suvefestivalil 28.08. A. Lagoya elust ja tegevusest. Luzerni festivali resideerivaks heliloojaks oli F.Ali-Zade. W. Wagneri tegevusest impressaariona

  12. 75 FR 2921 - In the Matter of the Designation of Said Ali al-Shihri, Also Known as Abu-Sayyaf, Also Known as...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-19

    ... the Order who might have a constitutional presence in the United States would render ineffectual the... determination who might have a constitutional presence in the United States, because to do so would render... DEPARTMENT OF STATE [Public Notice 6872] In the Matter of the Designation of Said Ali al-Shihri...

  13. Freedom Fighters of South Asia: Mohandas K. Gandhi [and] Mohammad Ali Jinnah [and] Jawaharlal Nehru [and] Subhas Chandra Bose [and] Bal Gangadhar Tilak [and] Vallabhbhai Patel.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Benade, Judith A.

    Biographies of five men who dedicated their lives to fighting for the independence of India are presented. Mohandas K. Gandhi, born in 1869, spent his life in non-violent resistance to the many injustices being perpetrated against the poor and needy of India. Born in 1876, lawyer Mohammad Ali Jinnah was close in ideas, hope, and spirit to Gandhi.…

  14. Quaternary high-Mg ultrapotassic rocks from the Qal'eh Hasan Ali maars, southeastern Iran: petrogenesis and geodynamic implications

    Science.gov (United States)

    Pang, Kwan-Nang; Chung, Sun-Lin; Zarrinkoub, Mohammad Hossein; Wang, Fei; Kamenetsky, Vadim S.; Lee, Hao-Yang

    2015-09-01

    A set of rare, high-Mg ultrapotassic rocks from the Qal'eh Hasan Ali maars, southeastern Iran, was investigated using phlogopite 40Ar/39Ar geochronology, olivine chemistry, and bulk-rock elemental and Sr-Nd-Hf isotopic geochemistry to decipher their petrogenesis and regional tectonic implications. Phlogopite separates yield inverse isochron 40Ar/39Ar ages from ca. 112 to 119 ka, indicating that magma genesis postdated the onset of the Arabia-Eurasia collision at the Late Eocene-Early Oligocene. The studied rocks are characterized by kamafugitic affinity with relatively low SiO2 and Al2O3 and high CaO and Sr. They contain relatively primitive olivine (Fo85-92) that, on the basis of olivine-liquid Fe/Mg exchange equilibrium, suggests the primary melt to be ultrapotassic with ~13 wt% MgO. Other key geochemical features include extreme enrichment in most incompatible trace elements, depletions in Nb, Ta, P and Ti and enrichment in Pb relative to elements of similar incompatibilities. The Sr-Nd-Hf isotopic ratios of the rocks do not deviate significantly from the bulk silicate Earth (87Sr/86Sr = 0.7055-0.7059, 143Nd/144Nd = 0.5125-0.5126 and 176Hf/177Hf = 0.2827-0.2829). Relatively high Zn/Fe, Gd/Yb, Rb, Rb/Sr and P2O5 and low Yb and P/P* for the rocks are consistent with derivation from a mantle source containing clinopyroxene, phlogopite, apatite and garnet that formed in response to modal metasomatism in the lithospheric mantle. Relatively low Hf/Nd and high Sr/Hf of the rocks indicate that the metasomatized lithologies from which the studied rocks formed were derived dominantly from subducted marly sediments. The Qal'eh Hasan Ali magmatism is best explained by small-scale destruction of the continental mantle in a post-collisional setting, presumably driven by localized convective instability as a result of the Arabia-Eurasia collision.

  15. Measurement of Radon (222Rn) in the High School of Medicine 'Dr.Ali Sokoli' in Prishtina

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Kadiri, S.; Hodolli, G.; Pllana, X.; Dumani, S.; Hasani, F.

    2011-01-01

    Measurements of radon concentration (222Rn) were performed in the largest High School of Medicine ''Dr. Ali Sokoli'' in Prishtina. We choose four locations (classrooms) at ground level, three at first and three on the second floor. In the same premises, the measurements were performed with two methods: using a scintillation cell and a continuous method. The maximum value of radon concentration, measurements with scintillation cells, were obtained by the ground level moving to (573 ± 26) Bq m -3 , while the minimum value of (176 ± 11) Bq m -3 was obtained in the second floor. The maximum value of radon concentration measurements with the continuous method was 116 Bq m -3 in ground level, and the minimum value was 70 Bq m -3 . Based on these results, we calculated annual effective dose, which ranges between (0.76 ± 0.06) mSv and (2.48 ± 0.11) mSv, by scintillation cells. Whereas, the annual effective dose measuring by continuous method was between 0.30 mSv and 0.50 mSv. Based on those results, we conclude that radon concentration and annual effective doses were within accepted international standards. (author)

  16. Translation Analysis of Body-Related Metaphors in the Holy Koran by: Yusuf Ali, Marmaduke Pickthal and Thomas Irving

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    seyyed ali keshvari

    2017-09-01

    Full Text Available The present study is a Corpus-based research which analyzes the translation of Body-Related Metaphors in the Holy Koran by Yusuf Ali, Marmaduke Pickthal and Thomas Irving, within the framework of Peter Newmark’s procedures of metaphor translation. The data analyzed consists of a sample of 107 words and phrases which are categorized as: metaphors of ear, eye, face, and hand. Out of the seven procedures proposed by Newmark for translating metaphors, the translators applied five procedures. None of the translators applied Newmark’s fourth or sixth procedure and no new procedure was observed. The results reveal that among 107 metaphors examined, there is a general tendency (57.94% towards reproducing the same image in the TL, and the three translators translated 68 metaphors (63.55% using similar procedures. This study concludes that the likely and the most frequent metaphor translation procedures in the Holy Koran are: (1, to reproduce the same image in the TL, Newmark’s first procedure; and (2, to convert metaphor to sense (literal meaning, Newmark’s fifth procedure.

  17. Tongkat Ali as a potential herbal supplement for physically active male and female seniors--a pilot study.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Henkel, Ralf R; Wang, Ruxiang; Bassett, Susan H; Chen, Tao; Liu, Na; Zhu, Ying; Tambi, Mohd Ismail

    2014-04-01

    Tongkat Ali (Eurycoma longifolia; TA) is known to increase testosterone levels and alleviate aging males' symptoms. This study aimed at investigating TA as an ergogenic supplement for elderly people. Thirteen physically active male and 12 physically active female seniors (57-72 years) were supplemented with 400-mg TA extract daily for 5 weeks. Standard hematological parameters were taken. In addition, the concentrations of total and free testosterone, dihydroepiandrosterone, cortisol, insulin-like growth factor-1, and sex hormone-binding globulin were analyzed. As additional biochemical parameters, blood urea nitrogen and creatine kinase as parameters of kidney function and muscle damage, respectively, as well as the muscle strength by a simple handgrip test were determined. After treatment, hemoglobin, testosterone, and dihydroepiandrosterone concentrations, and the ratio of total testosterone/cortisol and muscle force remained significantly lower in female seniors than in male seniors. Hematocrit and erythrocyte count in male seniors increased slightly but were significantly higher than in female seniors. Treatment resulted in significant increases in total and free testosterone concentrations and muscular force in men and women. The increase in free testosterone in women is thought to be due to the significant decline in sex hormone-binding globulin concentrations. The study affirms the ergogenic benefit of TA through enhanced muscle strength. Copyright © 2013 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.

  18. Effects of Eurycoma longifolia Jack (Tongkat Ali) on the initiation of sexual performance of inexperienced castrated male rats.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ang, H H; Cheang, H S; Yusof, A P

    2000-01-01

    We studied the effects of Eurycoma longifolia Jack, commonly known as Tongkat Ali in Malaysia, on the initiation of sexual performance and the weights of sexual accessories in inexperienced castrated male rats. The doses of 200, 400 and 800 mg/kg body weight, which were extracted from E. longifolia Jack, were orally administered to the rats twice daily for 10 days prior to the tests and continued throughout the test period. Testosterone was used as a positive control after injecting 15 mg/kg daily subcutaneously for 32 days. Results showed that E. longifolia Jack produced a dose-dependent increase in sexual performance of the treated animals, but the E. longifolia Jack groups showed lower sexual performance in mounting, intromission and ejaculation than the testosterone group. Further results also showed that E. longifolia Jack promoted the growth of both ventral prostate and seminal vesicles as compared with the control, but the growth of sexual accessories at 800 mg/kg of butanol, methanol, water and chloroform fractions of E. longifolia Jack was less than that of testosterone treated group. The present study therefore gives further evidence of the folkuse of E. longifolia as an aphrodisiac.

  19. Evaluation of Acute 13-Week Subchronic Toxicity and Genotoxicity of the Powdered Root of Tongkat Ali (Eurycoma longifolia Jack

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ching-Hao Li

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available Tongkat Ali (Eurycoma longifolia is an indigenous traditional herb in Southern Asia. Its powdered root has been processed to produce health supplements, but no detailed toxicology report is available. In this study, neither mutagenicity nor clastogenicity was noted, and acute oral LD50 was more than 6 g/kg b.w. After 4-week subacute and 13-week subchronic exposure paradigms (0, 0.6, 1.2, and 2 g/kg b.w./day, adverse effects attributable to test compound were not observed with respect to body weight, hematology, serum biochemistry, urinalysis, macropathology, or histopathology. However, the treatment significantly reduced prothrombin time, partial thromboplastin time, blood urea nitrogen, creatinine, aspartate aminotransferase, creatine phosphate kinase, lactate dehydrogenase, and cholesterol levels, especially in males (P<0.05. These changes were judged as pharmacological effects, and they are beneficial to health. The calculated acceptable daily intake (ADI was up to 1.2 g/adult/day. This information will be useful for product development and safety management.

  20. Evaluation of Acute 13-Week Subchronic Toxicity and Genotoxicity of the Powdered Root of Tongkat Ali (Eurycoma longifolia Jack).

    Science.gov (United States)

    Li, Ching-Hao; Liao, Jiunn-Wang; Liao, Po-Lin; Huang, Wei-Kuang; Tse, Ling-Shan; Lin, Cheng-Hui; Kang, Jaw-Jou; Cheng, Yu-Wen

    2013-01-01

    Tongkat Ali (Eurycoma longifolia) is an indigenous traditional herb in Southern Asia. Its powdered root has been processed to produce health supplements, but no detailed toxicology report is available. In this study, neither mutagenicity nor clastogenicity was noted, and acute oral LD50 was more than 6 g/kg b.w. After 4-week subacute and 13-week subchronic exposure paradigms (0, 0.6, 1.2, and 2 g/kg b.w./day), adverse effects attributable to test compound were not observed with respect to body weight, hematology, serum biochemistry, urinalysis, macropathology, or histopathology. However, the treatment significantly reduced prothrombin time, partial thromboplastin time, blood urea nitrogen, creatinine, aspartate aminotransferase, creatine phosphate kinase, lactate dehydrogenase, and cholesterol levels, especially in males (P < 0.05). These changes were judged as pharmacological effects, and they are beneficial to health. The calculated acceptable daily intake (ADI) was up to 1.2 g/adult/day. This information will be useful for product development and safety management.

  1. Effect of Heme Oxygenase-1 on Mitofusin-1 protein in LPS-induced ALI/ARDS in rats

    Science.gov (United States)

    Yu, Jianbo; Wang, Ying; Li, Zhen; Dong, Shuan; Wang, Dan; Gong, Lirong; Shi, Jia; Zhang, Yuan; Liu, Daquan; Mu, Rui

    2016-01-01

    Acute lung injury (ALI)/acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS) is a common and important oxidative stress in the lung. Mitochondrial fusion responds to the normal morphology and function of cells and is finely regulated by mitochondrial fusion proteins, such as mitofusin-1 protein (Mfn1), mitofusin-2 protein (Mfn2) and optical atrophy 1 (OPA1). Additionally, Mfn1 has been identified as the most important protein in mitochondrial fusion. Heme oxygenase-1 (HO-1) is a stress-inducible protein that plays a critical role in protecting against oxidative stress. However, whether the protection of HO-1 is related to mitochondrial fusion is still a question. Thus, our in vitro and in vivo experiments aimed to identify the relationship between HO-1 and Mfn1. Here, we used Hemin and ZnPP-IX as treatments in an in vivo experiment. Then, HO-1 and Mfn1 were measured using RT-PCR and Western blotting. Supernatants were analyzed for MDA, SOD, and ROS. Our results implied that HO-1 upregulation suppressed oxidative stress induced by LPS, and the possible mechanism could be associated with Mfn1 and the PI3K/Akt pathway. PMID:27830717

  2. CHEMICAL COMPOSITION AND NUTRITIONAL EVALUATION OF Paracalyx scariosus (ROXB. ALI A WILD RELATIVE OF CAJANUS FROM SOUTHERN PENINSULAR INDIA

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Kondragunta Sri Rama Murthy

    2008-12-01

    Full Text Available Seeds of Paracalyx scariosus (Roxb. Ali locally known as ";;adavi tellakandulu";; in Telugu, used as food by local tribes people in the Rollapenta forest, Kurnool district, Nallamalais of Andhra Pradesh of southern Peninsular India. The mature seed samples were analysed for proximate composition, total (true seed protein fractions, amino acid composition, fatty acids profile, mineral and antinutritional factors. They contained higher amount of crude protein, crude fat, ash and nitrogen free extractives constitute 20.56, 5.19, 5.12 and 56.25 % respectively of the seed weight. The calorific value of 100g dry matter of seed material was 1680.92 kJ DM. The essential amino acids, isoleucine, tyrosine and phenylalanine, were present in relatively large quantities.  The fatty acid profiles revealed that the seed lipids contained higher concentrations of palmitic and linoleic acids. The seeds are rich in sodium, phosphorus, calcium, zinc, manganese and iron. Anti-nutritional factors such as total free phenols, (5.56% tannins (2.78%, L -DOPA (0.63%, hydrogen cyanide (0.065% and phytic acid (0.85% are present in variable quantities. From the results these plant have a good potential as food crops in Andhra Pradesh.  This paper presents the chemical composition and nutritional potential of Paracalyx scariosus seeds with regard to its suitability as a regular component in human diet.

  3. Noise disturbance caused by outdoor activities--a simulated-environment study for Ali Sami Yen Stadium, İstanbul.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Dal, Zeynep; Akdağ, Neşe Yüğrük

    2011-03-01

    Negative effects of noise on individuals, the inevitable result of urbanization, have become a significant urban problem in our day. Introduction of an approach to the noise problem on an urban-planning scale lightens the burden of measures required to be taken against noise at the stages of regional and developmental planning. Stadiums, which should be also evaluated from the point of noise problem when planning decisions are made on the urban planning scale, may cause very serious problems differing depending on the region they are located in. In this article, various dimensions of the noise problem caused by stadiums have been exemplified by making an assessment on Ali Sami Yen football stadium located in Mecidiyeköy district which is among important residential and commercial centres of İstanbul or Turkey. When the simulation results obtained for ordinary days and match days are evaluated, it has been found out that the people living in the area are exposed to noise levels substantially exceeding the acceptable values. Results of the survey conducted in the area have clearly revealed the existence of noise problem, too.

  4. Ijtihad and Islam in the spirit of the age in Muhammad Iqbal and Ali Shariati Seid Halilović

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Halilović Seid

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available Implementing practical religious rules in his personal and social life, a Muslim is approaching secrets of eternal bliss and supreme realities of the universe. In fact, these rules are the result of God's knowledge. B rilliant representatives of Islam's juristic heritage found their final formulation in religious sources - through a professional process called ijtihad. In order to get to know the subject of these rules, they were necessarily focused on empirical achievements and social contexts of their time. Under the influence of the dominant modern science, Muslim reformers identify ijtihad with empirical research. In this way, they reject sublime and unchanging cognitive bases of ijtihad, which comprise religious revelation and rational knowledge. However, they ignore the fact that modern science has absolutely no power to judge all the realities and values as scientists from XIX century naively wanted. In this paper, we try to follow fundamental changes in the meaning of ijtihad, primarily using a detailed content analysis of popular works of two famous Muslim reformist thinkers, Muhammad Iqbal and Ali Shariati. The former insists that today only modern, empirical knowledge has scientific credibility and that it is the only one to follow in all aspects of life. In the works of the latter, we read that in the light of ijtihad, Islam has to change and go in line with modern science and new social needs.

  5. Večjezičnost in medkulturnost kot profesionalni kapital: izdelava hipotetičnega modela izobraževanja učiteljev na obmejnih osnovnih šolah

    OpenAIRE

    Pevec Semec, Katica

    2017-01-01

    Obmejno sodelovanje med šolami in vrtci ima v Sloveniji dolgo tradicijo. V zadnjem obdobju se uveljavlja nova oblika sodelovanja, tako imenovana čezmejna mobilnost, ki presega občasna srečanja kulturne ali športne narave. Učitelji, ki poučujejo v obmejnih šolah v Sloveniji, Avstriji, Italiji, Hrvaški in Madžarski, izvajajo strokovno pripravljene učne mobilnosti na sosednjih šolah in se občasno vključujejo v redni izobraževalni program. Te mobilnosti imajo za učence dodaten pomen, saj si razvi...

  6. Dargāh or Buddha? The politics of building a Sufi sanctuary for Hazrat Inayat Khan in the West

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Roose, E.R.

    2012-01-01

    Recent studies of the dissemination of Islamic architecture in the West have argued that newly devised Islamic buildings would not have attempted to materialise a generalised Islamic identity towards a generalised non-Islamic antagonist. Instead, patrons were shown to have recombined elements from

  7. Les « faux » mariages homosexuels de Sidi Ali au Maroc : enjeux d’un scandale médiatique

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Florence Bergeaud-Blackler

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available Les affaires de « mariages homosexuels » à Ksar el Kebir puis à Sidi Ali ont fait grand bruit dans la presse marocaine. Au-delà de l’émotion soulevée par le scandaleux amalgame entre l’institution respectée du mariage et une forme illégale de sexualité, elle a mis en évidence une transformation du traitement public de la question homosexuelle. Le changement de ton de la presse reflète-t-il celui de l’attitude de la société marocaine vis-à-vis de l’homosexualité ? Assiste-t-on à l’émergence d’une communauté homosexuelle militant pour la défense de ses droits ? Les « mariages » de Ksar el Kebir et de Sidi Ali constituent-ils des démonstrations visant à briser le tabou de l’homosexualité par l’émergence d’une « fierté » homosexuelle ? D’enquêtes menées à Sidi Ali, Fez et Casablanca, nous concluons que la médiatisation autour des affaires de mariages d’homosexuels a été un instrument d’une stratégie d’un « retour de la morale » aux relents nationalistes consécutive à la période d’establishement du roi Mohamed VI. L’article s’attache à montrer les enjeux locaux et nationaux d’une fausse chasse aux sorcières dans un pays où les conditions d’un débat sur la dépénalisation de l’homosexualité ne semblent pas encore réalisées.

  8. Comparison of hyperspectral transformation accuracies of multispectral Landsat TM, ETM+, OLI and EO-1 ALI images for detecting minerals in a geothermal prospect area

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hoang, Nguyen Tien; Koike, Katsuaki

    2018-03-01

    Hyperspectral remote sensing generally provides more detailed spectral information and greater accuracy than multispectral remote sensing for identification of surface materials. However, there have been no hyperspectral imagers that cover the entire Earth surface. This lack points to a need for producing pseudo-hyperspectral imagery by hyperspectral transformation from multispectral images. We have recently developed such a method, a Pseudo-Hyperspectral Image Transformation Algorithm (PHITA), which transforms Landsat 7 ETM+ images into pseudo-EO-1 Hyperion images using multiple linear regression models of ETM+ and Hyperion band reflectance data. This study extends the PHITA to transform TM, OLI, and EO-1 ALI sensor images into pseudo-Hyperion images. By choosing a part of the Fish Lake Valley geothermal prospect area in the western United States for study, the pseudo-Hyperion images produced from the TM, ETM+, OLI, and ALI images by PHITA were confirmed to be applicable to mineral mapping. Using a reference map as the truth, three main minerals (muscovite and chlorite mixture, opal, and calcite) were identified with high overall accuracies from the pseudo-images (> 95% and > 42% for excluding and including unclassified pixels, respectively). The highest accuracy was obtained from the ALI image, followed by ETM+, TM, and OLI images in descending order. The TM, OLI, and ALI images can be alternatives to ETM+ imagery for the hyperspectral transformation that aids the production of pseudo-Hyperion images for areas without high-quality ETM+ images because of scan line corrector failure, and for long-term global monitoring of land surfaces.

  9. Selon une étude réalisée en Amérique latine, l'investissement dans l ...

    International Development Research Centre (IDRC) Digital Library (Canada)

    Selon une étude réalisée en Amérique latine, l'accès à Internet haute vitesse – aussi appelé services à large bande – peut réellement contribuer au développement social et économique, mais uniquement s'il est combiné à des investissements dans le capital humain, comme la formation des enseignants et les ...

  10. Influence of composition on structure, morphology and dielectric properties of BixAlyOz composite films synthesized by atomic layer deposition

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Q. Qiao

    2017-04-01

    Full Text Available In this experiment we used atomic layer deposited Bi2O3 and Al2O3 films to fabricate the BixAlyOz nanocomposite films. Bismuth composition was modulated in a series of samples via altering the number of bismuth subsidiary cycles. We discovered that the bismuth composition in atomic percent did not monotonically increase with the rise of the number of bismuth cycles. To explain this unconventional variation trend we proposed a growth mechanism regarding the steric hindrance of Bi(thd3 and the diffusion of TMA. A single Debye-like relaxation can be determined for the BixAlyOz films with a parallel RC element to reflect it. The change in the dielectric response, such as dielectric constant and ac conductivity, was found to be in agreement with the variation of bismuth concentration. This could be attributed to the effect of 6s2 lone pair electrons in Bi-O dipoles. To further confirm the conductive strength, we estimated the optical band gap (Eg using plots of (αhν2 versus hν. The value of Eg would decrease from 5.62 eV to 5.00 eV as the bismuth content rises in the BixAlyOz films.

  11. Comparative alteration mineral mapping using visible to shortwave infrared (0.4-2.4 μm) Hyperion, ALI, and ASTER imagery

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hubbard, B.E.; Crowley, J.K.; Zimbelman, D.R.

    2003-01-01

    Advanced Land Imager (ALI), Advanced Spaceborne Thermal Emission and Reflection Radiometer (ASTER), and Hyperion imaging spectrometer data covering an area in the Central Andes between Volcan Socompa and Salar de Llullaillaco were used to map hydrothermally altered rocks associated with several young volcanic systems. Six ALI channels in the visible and near-infrared wavelength range (0.4-1.0 ??m) were useful for discriminating between ferric-iron alteration minerals based on the spectral shapes of electronic absorption features seen in continuum-removed spectra. Six ASTER channels in the short wavelength infrared (1.0-2.5 ??m) enabled distinctions between clay and sulfate mineral types based on the positions of band minima related to Al-OH vibrational absorption features. Hyperion imagery embedded in the broader image coverage of ALI and ASTER provided essential leverage for calibrating and improving the mapping accuracy of the multispectral data. This capability is especially valuable in remote areas of the earth where available geologic and other ground truth information is limited.

  12. Mass propagation of in vitro plantlets and extraction of bioactive compounds from Eurycoma Longifolia Jack (Tongkat Ali) using cell and organ cultures

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Sobri Hussein; Rusli Ibrahim

    2006-01-01

    Eurycoma longifolia Jack or better known in Malaysia as Tongkat Ali is an important herbal plant that owes its popularity locally and worldwide to its aphrodisiac claim and has been sought after as an essential component for the treatment of anti-malarial, anti-ulcer, anti-tumour promoting and anti-parasitic agent and also as health supplements. Quassinoids and canthin-6-one alkaloids contained in Tongkat Ali roots are the main substances having active functions for human body. Propagation is commonly done through seeds or some vegetative means such as cuttings of stems and root, grafting or layering. However, propagation by conventional method is inadequate to meet the demand due to low viability, low germination rate, delayed rooting and long life cycle. Tissue culture has been successfully applied for mass production of plantlets and extraction of many useful secondary metabolites, including pharmaceuticals, pigments and other fine chemicals. Tongkat Ali active substances have also been derived through cell culture technology but its processes need to be optimized before the product can be commercialized. Cell and organ cultures have been proven to be an efficient alternative method for biomass production due to its fast growth and stable metabolite production. In view of its potential commercial value as a plantation crop as well as to conserve its germplasm, micropropagation technique using cell culture system is an attractive method for regeneration and mass propagation. (Author)

  13. Nosocomial infections and antibiotic resistance pattern in open-heart surgery patients at Imam Ali Hospital in Kermanshah, Iran

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Heydarpour, Fatemeh

    2017-05-01

    Full Text Available Background: Patients undergoing open heart surgery have a relatively high risk of acquiring nosocomial infections. The development of antibiotic-resistant infections is associated with prolonged hospital stays and mortalities.Objectives: The present study was conducted to investigate nosocomial infections and the antibiotic resistance pattern in bacteria causing these infections in open heart surgery patients at Imam Ali Hospital in Kermanshah in the west of Iran over a 4-year period from March 2011 to March 2014.Materials and methods: The present cross-sectional study was conducted on 135 cases of nosocomial infection among open heart surgery patients. The demographic characteristics and the risk factors of each case of infection were recorded. The antibiotic susceptibility test was carried out using the Minimum Inhibitory Concentration (MIC method based on the Clinical and Laboratory Standards Institute (CLSI protocol. The data collected were then analyzed in SPSS-16.Results: Out of the 6,000 patients who underwent open heart surgery during this 4-year period at the selected hospital, nosocomial infections developed in 135 patients (2.25%, 59.3% of whom were female and 40.7% male. Surgery site infection (SSI, pneumonia (PNEU, urinary tract infection (UTI and blood stream infection (BSI affected 52.6%, 37%, 9.6% and 0.8% of the cases, respectively. , spp. and were the most common bacteria causing the nosocomial infections. was most frequently resistant to imipenem (23.3% spp. to gentamicin (38.5% to co-trimoxazole (54.2%. Conclusion: SSI had a high prevalence in this study. Further studies should therefore be conducted to examine the risk factors associated with SSI in open heart surgery. Various studies have shown that antibiotic resistance patterns are different in different regions. Finding a definitive treatment therefore requires an antibiogram.

  14. Nosocomial infections and antibiotic resistance pattern in open-heart surgery patients at Imam Ali Hospital in Kermanshah, Iran.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Heydarpour, Fatemeh; Rahmani, Youssef; Heydarpour, Behzad; Asadmobini, Atefeh

    2017-01-01

    Background: Patients undergoing open heart surgery have a relatively high risk of acquiring nosocomial infections. The development of antibiotic-resistant infections is associated with prolonged hospital stays and mortalities. Objectives: The present study was conducted to investigate nosocomial infections and the antibiotic resistance pattern in bacteria causing these infections in open heart surgery patients at Imam Ali Hospital in Kermanshah in the west of Iran over a 4-year period from March 2011 to March 2014. Materials and methods: The present cross-sectional study was conducted on 135 cases of nosocomial infection among open heart surgery patients. The demographic characteristics and the risk factors of each case of infection were recorded. The antibiotic susceptibility test was carried out using the Minimum Inhibitory Concentration (MIC) method based on the Clinical and Laboratory Standards Institute (CLSI) protocol. The data collected were then analyzed in SPSS-16. Results: Out of the 6,000 patients who underwent open heart surgery during this 4-year period at the selected hospital, nosocomial infections developed in 135 patients (2.25%), 59.3% of whom were female and 40.7% male. Surgery site infection (SSI), pneumonia (PNEU), urinary tract infection (UTI) and blood stream infection (BSI) affected 52.6%, 37%, 9.6% and 0.8% of the cases, respectively. E.coli , Klebsiella spp. and S. aureus were the most common bacteria causing the nosocomial infections. E. coli was most frequently resistant to imipenem (23.3%) Klebsiella spp. to gentamicin (38.5%) S. aureus to co-trimoxazole (54.2%). Conclusion: SSI had a high prevalence in this study. Further studies should therefore be conducted to examine the risk factors associated with SSI in open heart surgery. Various studies have shown that antibiotic resistance patterns are different in different regions. Finding a definitive treatment therefore requires an antibiogram.

  15. Discharge Against Medical Advice in the Pediatric Wards in Boo-ali Sina Hospital, Sari, Iran 2010.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mohseni Saravi, Benyamin; Reza Zadeh, Esmaeil; Siamian, Hasan; Yahghoobian, Mahboobeh

    2013-12-01

    Since children neither comprehended nor contribute to the decision, discharge against medical advice is a challenge of health care systems in the world. Therefore, the current study was designed to determine the rate and causes of discharge against medical advice. This descriptive cross-sectional study was done by reviewing the medical records by census method. Data was analyzed using SPSS software and x(2) statistics was used to determine the relationship between variables. The value of Pmedical advice was 108 (2.2%). Mean of age and length of stay were 2.8±4 (SD).3 years old and 3.7±5.4 (SD) days, respectively. Totally, 95 patients (88.7%) had health insurance and 65 (60.2%) patients lived in urban areas. History of psychiatric disease and addiction in 22 (20.6%) of the parents were negative. In addition, 100 (92.3%) patients admitted for medical treatment and the others for surgery. The relationship of the signatory with patients (72.3%) was father. Of 108 patients discharged against medical advice, 20 (12%) were readmitted. The relationship between the day of discharge and discharge against medical advice was significant (ρ =0/03). Rate of discharge against medical advice in Boo-ali hospital is the same as the other studies in the same range. The form which is used for this purpose did not have suitable data elements about description of consequence of such discharge, and it has not shown the real causes of discharge against medical advice.

  16. TOURE ALI.xps

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    HP Pro 2000

    financial and economic parity prices of different brands of imported-rice. Results from the PAM base-scenario model showed that under the evaluated CET policy irrigated rice production, activities were competitive and private operators had positive financial gains, meaning that private profitability was positive. Moreover, the.

  17. Ali, Prof. Sher

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    Specialization: Molecular Genetics of Humans & Animals, Gene Expression, Cancer Genomics and Genomics of Endangered Species Address: Centre for Interdisciplinary Res. in Basic Sciences, Jamia Millia Islamia, Jamia Nagar, New Delhi 110 025, U.T.. Contact: Residence: (011) 2674 1139. Mobile: 98180 04632

  18. AliPDU Upgrade

    CERN Document Server

    Mhlanga, Sibaliso

    2014-01-01

    A power distribution unit (PDU) is a device used in data centres to distribute AC power to multiple servers and other equipment. Power distribution units (PDUs) can be managed remotely via the Web browser or other management console, causing outlets to be turned on and off at prescribed times and in a proper sequence for shutting down and powering up equipment. The task in this project was to create as many PDUs on one click and customize them.

  19. Summer students and professor from the United Arab Emirates - from left to right : Alya Ali Binghurair, Shaikha Al Kalbani, Professor Chafia Hejase de Trad, Mariam Al Hassani, Aminah Al Abdouli.

    CERN Multimedia

    Maximilien Brice

    2004-01-01

    Summer students and professor from the United Arab Emirates - from left to right : Alya Ali Binghurair, Shaikha Al Kalbani, Professor Chafia Hejase de Trad, Mariam Al Hassani, Aminah Al Abdouli.

  20. Radiometric cross-calibration of EO-1 ALI with L7 ETM+ and Terra MODIS sensors using near-simultaneous desert observations

    Science.gov (United States)

    Chander, Gyanesh; Angal, Amit; Choi, Taeyoung; Xiong, Xiaoxiong

    2013-01-01

    The Earth Observing-1 (EO-1) satellite was launched on November 21, 2000, as part of a one-year technology demonstration mission. The mission was extended because of the value it continued to add to the scientific community. EO-1 has now been operational for more than a decade, providing both multispectral and hyperspectral measurements. As part of the EO-1 mission, the Advanced Land Imager (ALI) sensor demonstrates a potential technological direction for the next generation of Landsat sensors. To evaluate the ALI sensor capabilities as a precursor to the Operational Land Imager (OLI) onboard the Landsat Data Continuity Mission (LDCM, or Landsat 8 after launch), its measured top-of-atmosphere (TOA) reflectances were compared to the well-calibrated Landsat 7 (L7) Enhanced Thematic Mapper Plus (ETM+) and the Terra Moderate Resolution Imaging Spectroradiometer (MODIS) sensors in the reflective solar bands (RSB). These three satellites operate in a near-polar, sun-synchronous orbit 705 km above the Earth's surface. EO-1 was designed to fly one minute behind L7 and approximately 30 minutes in front of Terra. In this configuration, all the three sensors can view near-identical ground targets with similar atmospheric, solar, and viewing conditions. However, because of the differences in the relative spectral response (RSR), the measured physical quantities can be significantly different while observing the same target. The cross-calibration of ALI with ETM+ and MODIS was performed using near-simultaneous surface observations based on image statistics from areas observed by these sensors over four desert sites (Libya 4, Mauritania 2, Arabia 1, and Sudan 1). The differences in the measured TOA reflectances due to RSR mismatches were compensated by using a spectral band adjustment factor (SBAF), which takes into account the spectral profile of the target and the RSR of each sensor. For this study, the spectral profile of the target comes from the near-simultaneous EO-1

  1. Etude économétrique et microéconomique de l'association des productions céréalières et porcines

    OpenAIRE

    Dupraz, Pierre

    1994-01-01

    L'auteur montre dans un premier temps, à partir de l'estimation de fonctions monoproduit, que les productions céréalières et porcines sont interdépendantes. Cette interdépendance peut trouver son origine dans la présence d'intra-consommations de céréales par les porcs, dans la substitution d'une partie des engrais par des effluents porcins ou dans l'utilisation commune de certains inputs, comme la main-d'oeuvre ou les fournitures. Dans la seconde partie, la microéconomie et les différentes or...

  2. Microsolvation of cationic dimers in 4He droplets: geometries of A+2(He)N (A=Li, Na, K) from optimized energies.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Marinetti, F; Uranga-Piña, Ll; Coccia, E; López-Durán, D; Bodo, E; Gianturco, F A

    2007-12-13

    Ab initio computed interaction forces are employed to describe the microsolvation of the A+2(2Sigma) (A=Li, Na, K) molecular ion in 4He clusters of small variable size. The minimum energy structures are obtained by performing energy minimization based on a genetic algorithm approach. The symmetry features of the collocation of solvent adatoms around the dimeric cation are analyzed in detail, showing that the selective growth of small clusters around the two sides of the ion during the solvation process is a feature common to all three dopants.

  3. Investigation on the geomorphological characteristics of the Kabutar Ali Chai watershed (NW Iran) and their role in flood production

    Science.gov (United States)

    Jananeh, Keristineh

    2016-04-01

    The Kabutar Ali Chai watershed is located in NW Iran, 75 km northwest of Tabriz, on the southern hillsides of Mishow mountains. It occupies an area of 67.46 km2 and the length of the main stream is about 24.5 km. Due to the fact that flooding in this watershed threats the downstream rural areas, an investigation was carried out to extract its geomorphologic characteristics and evaluate their contribution in flood production. In this regard, the watershed area was divided into 4 sections based on physiographic and topographic characteristics and stream network: A1 (the southern, low-height part), A2 (mid-western half), A3 (mid-eastern half) and A4 (the northern and highest part). Hypsometric maps and diagrams prepared for the area show that it is confined between 1390 and 3230m elevation levels with a general dip towards the south. The main part of it (57.93%) is located between the elevation levels of 1390 and 1500m. Using the precipitation records of 4 neighboring stations for 20 years, the estimated time of concentration for the runoff varies in the sub-zones: 1.64 hr in A1 (13.9 km stream length and 710 m altitude difference), 0.63 hr in A2 (7.2 km and 1200 m), 0.35 hr in A3 (4.7 km and 1530 m) and 0.48 hr in A4 (5.9 km and 1330 m.) Dip angle is one of the most important factors affecting the time of concentration for runoff and flood production. The average dip of the main part of the area (79.82%) ranges between 0 and 5°, while only the 0.44% of the area has dips about 30-40°. Highest dips are found in the A4 zone (0-40°) and the weight average dip of the total area is 12.94%. Geologically, the most widespread rocks are Pre-Cambrian shales, schists and limestones (Kahar Formation, 43.53%), upper-Cretaceous flysch sequence comprised of shale, limestone and sandstone (13.99%), Miocene marls, silts, clays and limestones (4.13%) and Quaternary alluvial terraces and plains (30.33%). Geomorphologically, this watershed is comprised of 3 types of lands: (1

  4. Technical feasibility of a seabed gallery seawater intake at Ras Abu Ali Island, Arabian Gulf, Saudi Arabia

    KAUST Repository

    Rachman, Rinaldi

    2014-07-23

    Open-ocean intake systems require extensive and advanced pretreatment unit operation to produce feed water with low membrane fouling potential in seawater reverse osmosis (SWRO) facilities. Alternatively, subsurface intake systems tend to produce high quality raw seawater even before pretreatment. Subsurface intakes extract seawater indirectly through the geological structure of shoreline or nearshore sediments. Water percolation through geological units provides physical and biological treatment, so that the raw seawater is microbiologically stable with relatively low particulate and organics content. Overall, utilization of subsurface intakes will reduce the intensity of pretreatment, which reduces operating cost, lowers chemical and energy consumption, and reduces environmental impacts. An important aspect in the feasibility of a subsurface intake is the compatibility of the local geological environment. In this study, a field investigation was conducted at Ras Abu Ali Island in the Arabian Gulf. This location currently contains an of existing oil company facilities and a proposed governmental marine fish hatchery facility. Recreational, commercial, and domestic potable water uses require the need to use the SWRO process to meet demands. Characterization of the shoreline and marine offshore bottom were performed as well as observation of tidal fluctuations and wave heights. A specific grid area was chosen where 35 sediment samples were collected from the seabed floor for laboratory analysis of grain size distribution, sediment porosity, and hydraulic conductivity. Onsite observation showed that the marine bottom has a low slope creating a wide intertidal area. The lowest tidal zone is more than 150 m from the shoreline defining a far seaward boundary for the intake construction point. A relatively thin layer of mixed-type sediment (carbonate and siliciclastic) covers the marine hardground bottom. The unlithified bottom sediment contains a low mud percentage

  5. Using a source-to-source transformation to introduce multi-threading into the AliRoot framework for a parallel event reconstruction

    CERN Document Server

    Lohn, Stefan B; Carminati, Federico

    2012-01-01

    Chip-Multiprocessors are going to support massive parallelism by many additional physical and logical cores. Improving performance can no longer be obtained by increasing clock-frequency because the technical limits are almost reached. Instead, parallel execution must be used to gain performance. Resources like main memory, the cache hierarchy, bandwidth of the memory bus or links between cores and sockets are not going to be improved as fast. Hence, parallelism can only result into performance gains if the memory usage is optimized and the communication between threads is minimized. Besides concurrent programming has become a domain for experts. Implementing multi-threading is error prone and labor-intensive. A full reimplementation of the whole AliRoot source-code is unaffordable. This paper describes the effort to evaluate the adaption of AliRoot to the needs of multi-threading and to provide the capability of parallel processing by using a semi-automatic source-to-source transformation to address the prob...

  6. Discutindo a dimensão sociolinguística do projeto ALiB: uma reflexão a partir do perfil dos informantes

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Aparecida Negri Isquerdo

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available Este trabalho centra-se na discussão da dimensão pluridimensional dos estudos dialetológicos e tem como objetivos: i discutir aspectos da dimensão sociolinguística do projeto ALiB (Atlas Linguístico do Brasil, com base no perfil estabelecido para a seleção dos informantes e ii apresentar um panorama das características dos 200 informantes do ALiB entrevistados em 25 capitais brasileiras, discutindo tendências evidenciadas nesse universo de falantes da língua portuguesa contemporânea, especialmente em termos de nível de escolaridade, de contatos com os meios de comunicação - televisão e rádio -; de hábitos de leitura de jornal e de hábitos de diversões - cinema e teatro. Para tanto, recupera dados historiográficos relativos à disciplina Dialetologia, destacando aspectos que apontam, desde os seus primórdios, para a necessidade de se considerar, além da horizontalidade, aspectos relacionados à dimensão vertical dos estudos linguísticos, adotando-se também variáveis sociais como parâmetro para a descrição e análise da fala de grupos sociais fixados em zonas geográficas previamente delimitadas.

  7. Şiî Kaynaklarda Ali B. Ebî Tâlib ve Fatıma Mushafı

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mehmet Atalan

    2015-11-01

    Full Text Available It isimportant to note that the issue of the mushaf of Ali b. Ebi Talib is neither based on inference nor is it a matter of belief but it is rather a historical and well-researched fact, and if there exists any dispute over this issue, it is regarding certain details and the eventual fate of this mushaf Most of the narrations indicate that Imam Ali mushaf was compiled on the basis of the order of the revelation of the surahs. However, there are differing views as regards the contents of the mushaf had whether it contained only the revealed text or the al-nuzul and the nasikh and mansukh. In one tradition it is said that Fatimah, after the Prophet passed away, used to write what she was told that would happen to her descendants and stories about other rulers to come. Fatimah recorded those information, which was kept in her family of Imams, and was called The Mushaf of Fatimah. But, The Mushaf of Fatimah is not a part of Quran. It does not have anything to do with Shari’ah and the religious practices

  8. Turkish Postmodernism through the “Second Wave” Paradigm: The Example of Creative Work by Hasan Ali Toptaş and Perihan Mağden

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Kseniya V. Grebenshcikova

    2017-11-01

    Full Text Available This paper describes the aspects of Turkish postmodernism of the "second wave", which is justified by an insignificant number of theoretical works and inadequate elaboration of studies concerning the representatives of Turkish postmodernism "second wave". The exception is represented by the works of Russian turkologists M.M. Repenkova and O.V. Kareva, who consider the features of the postmodern paradigm in their studies within the novelistics of the leading representatives of the Turkish postmodernism "second wave". The representatives of the "second wave" (Hasan Ali Toptaş, İhsan Oktay Anar, Perihan Mağden, Kürşat Başar, etc. were not the object of close research before, and therefore the consideration of their creativity as the next stage in the development of Turkish postmodernism is relevant. The "second wave" of postmodernism is characterized by the appeal to the literature of symbolic modeling in 1990s. During this period, the literature of postmodernism develops into a powerful trend, which becomes the predominant trend of the cultural life of Turkey in 2000s. It is worth noting that, if in the postmodern prose of 1980s was marked by the dominance of "lyrical stream", then in 1990s and 2000s the dominant trend was represented by narrative modification. Hasan Ali Toptaş, known for his mastery of language use, is regarded as one of the main representatives of the second wave of postmodern literature.

  9. The Impact of Vocational Schools on the Regional Development Akören Ali Rıza Ercan Vocational School Example

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Refika Atalay

    2017-07-01

    Full Text Available The regional development difference which has globally become a major problem even for developing countries is one of important problems of Turkey's economy. The regional dualism in the country's economy brings with many economic and social problems such as the immigration, the income inequality, the unplanned urbanization etc. The vocational schools established generally in localities less than ten thousand people contribute to remove the development difference of these localities by providing social and economic benefits as well as by training skilled staff to the locality where they are located. In this study we investigated the impact of vocational schools in the removal of the regional development difference and we made use of primary and secondary sources. Firstly, we scanned the literatures concerning this study, then we made survey with the students which study in Akören Ali Riza Ercan Vocational School. By taking the 5% significance level and the 5% margin of error into consideration in this study we used the SPSS for Windows statistics program in the evaluation of data taken as 317 students sample among the main body of 1,240 students. We tried to present solution proposals by studying the expectations and problems of the students as well as the contribution of the Akören Ali Riza Ercan Vocational School to the development of Akören district.

  10. Substitution effects on magnetic properties of Mg1.3-xMnxAlyFe1.8-yO4 ferrite

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ming-Feng Kuo

    2017-05-01

    Full Text Available Mg1.3-xMnxAlyFe1.8-yO4 (x = 0.1–0.2, y = 0.15–0.3 spinel ferrites were prepared using conventional ceramic technique. Highly densified Mg–Mn–Al ferrites (with 99% theoretical density were obtained, and the influence of Mn and Al substitution on the characteristics of these ferrites has been systematically studied. The microstructure, magnetic properties, and ferromagnetic resonance linewidth (ΔH of the Mg–Mn–Al ferrites have been analyzed by X-ray diffraction, B-H analyzer, and ferromagnetic resonance (FMR spectrometer. The results showed that all of the samples were single spinel phase. As Mn content increases and Al content decreases, both saturation magnetization (4πMs and squareness ratio increase, while the coercivity (Hc first increases and then decreases. In addition, good ferromagnetic resonance linewidth properties were also obtained as 143.8 Oe at 9.3 GHz for the sample with x = 0.17 and y = 0.20. The results imply that Mg1.3-xMnxAlyFe1.8-yO4 ferrites may be applicable for X-band (8–12 GHz microwave devices.

  11. Definitive Metabolite Identification Coupled with Automated Ligand Identification System (ALIS) Technology: A Novel Approach to Uncover Structure-Activity Relationships and Guide Drug Design in a Factor IXa Inhibitor Program.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zhang, Ting; Liu, Yong; Yang, Xianshu; Martin, Gary E; Yao, Huifang; Shang, Jackie; Bugianesi, Randal M; Ellsworth, Kenneth P; Sonatore, Lisa M; Nizner, Peter; Sherer, Edward C; Hill, Susan E; Knemeyer, Ian W; Geissler, Wayne M; Dandliker, Peter J; Helmy, Roy; Wood, Harold B

    2016-03-10

    A potent and selective Factor IXa (FIXa) inhibitor was subjected to a series of liver microsomal incubations, which generated a number of metabolites. Using automated ligand identification system-affinity selection (ALIS-AS) methodology, metabolites in the incubation mixture were prioritized by their binding affinities to the FIXa protein. Microgram quantities of the metabolites of interest were then isolated through microisolation analytical capabilities, and structurally characterized using MicroCryoProbe heteronuclear 2D NMR techniques. The isolated metabolites recovered from the NMR experiments were then submitted directly to an in vitro FIXa enzymatic assay. The order of the metabolites' binding affinity to the Factor IXa protein from the ALIS assay was completely consistent with the enzymatic assay results. This work showcases an innovative and efficient approach to uncover structure-activity relationships (SARs) and guide drug design via microisolation-structural characterization and ALIS capabilities.

  12. Actividades económicas primarias predominantes en la Reserva Paisajística Nor Yauyos Cochas, Perú. Caso: distritos de Huancaya, Alis y Vitis

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Wilfredo Bulege Gutiérrez

    2011-12-01

    Full Text Available Objetivos: Determinar las actividades económicas primarias predominantes en los distritos de Huancaya, Alis y Vitis de la provincia de Yauyos, región Lima, ubicados en la zona de aprovechamiento directo de la Reserva Paisajística Nor Yauyos Cochas. Métodos: Es una investigación de tipo básica, alcance descriptiva, diseño transversal, en el proceso de recolección de datos se aplicó un cuestionario estructurado a una muestra no probabilística de 79 personas con edades mayores a 18 años entre varones y mujeres de los distritos de Huancaya, Alis y Vitis, quienes participaron en un evento académico sobre “Econegocios para el desarrollo” organizado por Grupo de Proyección Social “Eco-negocios” de la Universidad Continental, este mismo instrumento se aplicó a personas ubicadas circunstancialmente en la vía pública de los mencionados distritos hasta completar el tamaño muestral de 79. Resultados: El 42% manifiesta que se dedica principalmente a la agricultura; 37%, a la ganadería; 5%, a la acuicultura; 5%, a la artesanía y un 11% a otras actividades entre las cuales se puede identificar el comercio, servicios turísticos, minería, etc. Las personas cuya actividad principal es la agricultura manifestaron que el 44% de su producción es maíz; 28%, papa; 23%, trigo y 5% otros productos. Las personas dedicadas a la ganadería manifestaron que el 41%, cría camélidos; 28%, vacunos; 14%, ovinos y un 17%, otros. Conclusiones: La población de los distritos de Huancaya, Alis y Vitis dedican como una de sus actividades económicas de mayor predominancia a la agricultura, luego la ganadería, siendo este un indicador importanteque caracteriza a estos distritos como zonas con una economía basada en actividades primarias, es decir extractiva de recursos naturales y aprovechada prioritariamente para autoconsumo y su comercialización.

  13. Pb-Zn mineralization of Ali ou Daoud area (Central High Atlas, Morocco: characterisation of deposit and relationship with the clay assemblages

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Daoudi, L.

    2008-12-01

    Full Text Available Zn-Pb-Fe ores in the Ali ou Daoud deposit (Central High Atlas are found as stratiform levels and as karst fillings in carbonate platforms facies of Bajocian age. Tectonic structures (e.g., synsedimentary faults played a relevant role in the ore emplacement. The dolomitic ore-related host-rock levels are characterized by the presence of kaolinite enrichment in clay levels in amounts directly related to the proportion of the clay minerals. The latter is evidenced by correlation between kaolinite and sulphide contents, suggesting that the installation of kaolinite and mineralisations would result from the same hydrothermal fluid.[Français] Dans les séries sédimentaires carbonatées d’Ali ou Daoud (Haut Atlas Central, les minéralisations à Zn, Pb et Fe en amas stratiformes forment les faciès de remplissage des karsts d’une plateforme carbonatée bajocienne. Le contrôle structural joue un rôle capital dans la localisation du gîte en bordure de plateforme sur des failles synsédimentaires. Dans les niveaux dolomitiques encaissants des minéralisations, les assemblages argileux sont caractérisés par la présence de kaolinite dont la teneur varie parallèlement avec celle du minerai. Ceci suggère que la mise en place de la kaolinite et des minéralisations résulterait du même fluide hydrothermal. [Español] En las series sedimentarias carbonatadas de Ali ou Daoud (Alto Atlas Central, las mineralizaciones de Zn, Pb y Fe aparecen en niveles estratiformes como facies de reemplazamiento de los karsts de una plataforma carbonatada Bajociense. El control estructural desempeña un papel crucial en la localización del yacimiento a lo largo de la plataforma sobre fallas sinsedimentarias. En los niveles dolomíticos que incluyen las mineralizaciones, las asociaciones arcillosas se caracterizan por la presencia de caolinita, cuyo contenido varía paralelamente al de la mineralización. Esto sugiere que la creación de caolinita y de la

  14. Geochemistry of rare earth elements in the Baba Ali magnetite skarn deposit, western Iran – a key to determine conditions of mineralisation

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Zamanian Hassan

    2016-03-01

    Full Text Available The Baba Ali skarn deposit, situated 39 km to the northwest of Hamadan (Iran, is the result of a syenitic pluton that intruded and metamorphosed the diorite host rock. Rare earth element (REE values in the quartz syenite and diorite range between 35.4 and 560 ppm. Although the distribution pattern of REEs is more and less flat and smooth, light REEs (LREEs in general show higher concentrations than heavy REEs (HREEs in different lithounits. The skarn zone reveals the highest REE-enriched pattern, while the ore zone shows the maximum depletion pattern. A comparison of the concentration variations of LREEs (La–Nd, middle REEs (MREEs; Sm–Ho and HREEs (Er–Lu of the ore zone samples to the other zones elucidates two important points for the distribution of REEs: 1 the distribution patterns of LREEs and MREEs show a distinct depletion in the ore zone while representing a great enrichment in the skarn facies neighbouring the ore body border and decreasing towards the altered diorite host rock; 2 HREEs show the same pattern, but in the exoskarn do not reveal any distinct increase as observed for LREEs and MREEs. The ratio of La/Y in the Baba Ali skarn ranges from 0.37 to 2.89. The ore zone has the highest La/Y ratio. In this regard the skarn zones exhibit two distinctive portions: 1 one that has La/Y >1 beingadjacent to the ore body and; 2 another one with La/Y < 1 neighbouring altered diorite. Accordingly, the Baba Ali profile, from the quartz syenite to the middle part of the exoskarn, demonstrates chiefly alkaline conditions of formation, with a gradual change to acidic towards the altered diorite host rocks. Utilising three parameters, Ce/Ce*, Eu/Eu* and (Pr/Ybn, in different minerals implies that the hydrothermal fluids responsible for epidote and garnet were mostly of magmatic origin and for magnetite, actinolite and phlogopite these were of magmatic origin with low REE concentration or meteoric water involved.

  15. Être correspondant régional en Tunisie : De l’aliénation au pouvoir à la liberté totale

    OpenAIRE

    Bour, Hamida El

    2017-01-01

    Les soulèvements qui se sont déroulés en Tunisie du 17 décembre 2010 au 14 janvier 2011 montrent combien les media tunisiens ont occulté l’information à l’intérieur du pays. Sous l’ancien régime de Ben Ali, les media se tenaient loin des préoccupations et des réalités locales des citoyens. Cet article compare la couverture médiatique tunisienne pour les informations locales avant et après la révolution à travers le vécu de 16 correspondants locaux. La Tunisie compte 27 correspondants locaux e...

  16. Makna menjadi keluarga ‘teroris’ bagi keluarga tersangka terorisme Amrozi dan Ali Ghufron di Desa Tenggulun, Kecamatan Solokuro, Kabupaten Lamongan

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Anis Ulfiyatun

    2015-04-01

    Full Text Available In understanding terrorism, comprehensive perspective is strongly needed in order to explain terrorism activity in a boarder structure. The main purpose of this article is to understand the circumstances that were redefined by terrorism suspect's family about their existence in the society. Another objective of this research was also to prove the presumption of being a terrorist's family and their response of massive terrorism related reportage from media. This research uses qualitative method to comprehend value and socio-cultural context in many terrorism cases, considering terrorits's family position and situation after the bombing. Primary data were collected by in-depth interview with Amrozy and Ali Ghufron's family. The research shows that terrorist's family has redefined their identity as terrorist's family by saying "us" are different with common family around them. The difference meant in this context was about life principal that was based on Islamic value and behaviour which had to be preserved by the terrorist's family

  17. Using a source-to-source transformation to introduce multi-threading into the AliRoot framework for a parallel event reconstruction

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lohn, Stefan B.; Dong, Xin; Carminati, Federico

    2012-12-01

    Chip-Multiprocessors are going to support massive parallelism by many additional physical and logical cores. Improving performance can no longer be obtained by increasing clock-frequency because the technical limits are almost reached. Instead, parallel execution must be used to gain performance. Resources like main memory, the cache hierarchy, bandwidth of the memory bus or links between cores and sockets are not going to be improved as fast. Hence, parallelism can only result into performance gains if the memory usage is optimized and the communication between threads is minimized. Besides concurrent programming has become a domain for experts. Implementing multi-threading is error prone and labor-intensive. A full reimplementation of the whole AliRoot source-code is unaffordable. This paper describes the effort to evaluate the adaption of AliRoot to the needs of multi-threading and to provide the capability of parallel processing by using a semi-automatic source-to-source transformation to address the problems as described before and to provide a straight-forward way of parallelization with almost no interference between threads. This makes the approach simple and reduces the required manual changes in the code. In a first step, unconditional thread-safety will be introduced to bring the original sequential and thread unaware source-code into the position of utilizing multi-threading. Afterwards further investigations have to be performed to point out candidates of classes that are useful to share amongst threads. Then in a second step, the transformation has to change the code to share these classes and finally to verify if there are anymore invalid interferences between threads.

  18. Pb-Zn mineralization of the Ali ou Daoud area (Central High Atlas, Morocco): characterisation of the deposit and relationships with the clay assemblages; Mineralisation Pb-Zn du type MVT de la region d'Ali ou Daoud (Haut Atlas Central, Maroc): caracterisations du gite et relations avec les corteges de mineraux argileux

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Mouguina, E. M.; Daoudi, L.

    2008-07-01

    Zn-Pb-Fe ores in the Ali ou Daoud deposit (Central High Atlas) are found as stratiform levels and as karst fillings in carbonate platforms facies of Bajocian age. Tectonic structures (e.g., syn sedimentary faults) played a relevant role in the ore emplacement. The dolomitic ore-related host-rock levels are characterized by the presence of kaolinite enrichment in clay levels in amounts directly related to the proportion of the clay minerals. The latter is evidenced by correlation between kaolinite and sulphide contents, suggesting that the installation of kaolinite and mineralizations would result from the same hydrothermal fluid. (Author) 55 refs.

  19. Geology, Alteration, Mineralization, Geochemistry and Petrology of intrusive units in the Shah Soltan Ali prospect area (Southwest of Birjand, South Khorasan province

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Samaneh Nadermezerji

    2017-07-01

    Full Text Available Introduction The Shah Soltan Ali area is located 85 km southwest of Birjand in the South Khorasan province. This area is part of the Tertiary volcanic-plutonic rocks in the east of the Lut block. The Lut block is bounded to the east by the Nehbandan and associated faults, to the north by the Doruneh and related faults (Sabzevar zone, to the south by the Makran arc and Bazman volcanic complex and to the west by the Nayband Fault. The Lut block is the main metallogenic province in the east of Iran (Karimpour et al., 2012, that comprises of numerous porphyry Cu and Cu–Au deposits, low and high sulfidation epithermal Au deposits, iron oxide deposits, base-metal deposits and Cu–Pb–Zn vein-type deposits. The geology of Shah Soltan Ali area is dominated by volcanic rocks, comprised of andesite and basalt, which are intruded by subvolanic units such as monzonite porphyry, monzodiorite porphyry and diorite porphyry. Materials and methods 1. 170 thin sections of the rock samples as well as 25 polished and thin polished sections were prepared for petrography, alteration and mineralization. 2. Twenty five samples were analyzed for Cu, Pb, Zn, Sb, Mo and As elements by the Aqua regia method in the Zarazama laboratory in Tehran, Iran. 3. Nine samples were analyzed for trace elements [including rare earth elements (REEs]. As a result of these analyses, trace elements and REE were determined by inductively coupled plasma mass spectrometry (ICP-MS in the ACME Analytical Laboratories (Vancouver Ltd., Canada. 4. Ten samples were analyzed for major elements by wavelength dispersive X-ray fluorescence spectrometry in the East Amethyst laboratory in Mashhad, Iran. 5. Five samples were analyzed for Firre Assay analysis in the Zarazma Laboratory in Tehran, Iran. 6. The results of XRD analysis were used for 4 samples. Discussion and results Petrographic studies indicate that subvolcanic rocks consist of diorite porphyry, monzonite porphyry and monzodiorite

  20. Caminhos do projeto ALiB: reflexões sobre a emergência da identidade social de faixa etária Caminhos do projeto ALiB: reflexões sobre a emergência da identidade social de faixa etária

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Michel Silva GUIMARÃES

    2012-06-01

    Full Text Available This paper presents a study about the emergence of the age-group social identity through documentation collected from inquiries of the Linguistic Atlas Project of Brazil (ALiB Project. One takes into consideration the identity linguistic approaches, mainly regarding age-group social identity. Considering language as a discursive practice that builds social identity representations, the empirical analysis is based of the ALiB Project, with the aim of verifying the tendencies of the informers to mark their speech temporally. Starting from the analysis performed, one could observe that the linguistic resources found in the interviews show that the age-group identity depends basically on the time category, because it acts in this kind of language as an organizing element in the elaboration of the speech, clearly shown in two poles – the before and the now – aiming at the desired appositions between past and present, typical of speeches belonging to an older age-group.Este trabalho apresenta um estudo sobre a emergência de identidade social de faixa etária através da análise de inquéritos do Projeto Atlas Linguístico do Brasil (Projeto ALiB. Apresentam-se considerações sobre as abordagens linguísticas da identidade, em especial, sobre a identidade social de faixa etária, considerando a linguagem enquanto prática discursiva que constrói representações de identidade social. A análise empírica tem por base esses dados com o intuito de verificar as tendências dos informantes de marcar temporalmente seu discurso. A partir da análise realizada, observou-se que os recursos linguísticos encontrados nas entrevistas demonstram que a identidade de faixa etária depende basicamente da categoria tempo, pois esta atua nessa linguagem como elemento ordenador na elaboração do discurso, manifestando-se em dois pólos – o antes e o agora – visando às aposições desejadas entre passado e presente típico dos discursos pertencentes a uma

  1. Statement from the 1983 meeting of the International Commission on Radiological Protection: annual limits for intakes (ALI) and derived air concentrations (DAC) for members of the public

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    1983-01-01

    The limitation of the committed effective dose equivalent for members of the public is sufficient to provide compliance over a lifetime with the limit for single organs, thus avoiding non-stochastic effects. Relative values for infants and adults of the committed dose equivalent in a number of tissues per unit intake for each of a few radionuclides have been given: the values for infants are just more than 1 up to 100 times greater than those for adult workers. In each of these cases the appropriate annual dose-equivalent limits recommended by the Commission for members of the public are 10 times less than the corresponding values for workers; the resulting ALI for infants aged six months will be smaller than the values given in ICRP Publication 30 for limiting stochastic effects in workers by factors that range from just more than 10 (for caesium-137) to 1,000 (for ingested plutonium-239). Intermediate factors would apply for older members of the public. The magnitude of the range emphasises the need to consider each situation carefully, with particular reference to children and women. (author)

  2. Reasons for not receiving thrombolytic therapy in patients with acute myocardial infarction admitted to Bu-Ali Sina Hospital in Qazvin (2013-14

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    MM. Daei

    2017-04-01

    Full Text Available This hospital-based cross-sectional study was conducted in 2013-14 in Qazvin Bu-Ali Sina Hospital. 170 patients with acute myocardial infarction who not receiving thrombolytic therapy entered the study and were analyzed. Medical history, physical examination, twelve lead ECG and cardiac biomarkers were obtained. The mean age of the patients was 63.4±14.4 years (from 19 to 90 years. 110 (64.7% of the patients were male and 48 (28.2% were diabetic. 86 (50% of patients due to late presentation and 47 (28% due to lack of diagnosis and 29 (17% due to contraindication and 8 (5% due to autolysis or coronary spam were not received thrombolytic therapy. We could reduce failure of receiving thrombolytic therapy more than seventy five percent with increasing people's awareness about the symptoms of myocardial infarction and skills of health staff in relation to the proper and timely diagnosis of myocardial infarction.

  3. Study of the hydrodynamic of groundwater karst system of Laraos and Alis, upper basin of the Canete river using environmental isotopes

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Valencia, Jacinto; Mamani, Enoc; Magina, Jose

    2014-01-01

    In this study, seven water samples have been characterized, collected from the upper Canete river micro-basins Laraos and Alis. They were analyzed by Oxygen-18 (δ18O), deuterium (δ2H) and radioactive tritium (3H) using the technique of laser spectrometry and characterized in order to establish the recharge-discharge relationship karst system under study, formed by the dissolution of limestone from the Cretaceous age formation Jumasha, and forming watertight groundwater that by connection and hydraulic gradient of fractures discharge into springs. The interpretation of the isotopic analysis performed according to the diagram δ18O/δ2H indicates that the springs are originated from infiltrating rainwater into the karst system due to the structural design and make the connection between micro-basins. Groundwater has a different dynamic, and to a lesser extent, receives contributions from waters lagoons, this fact makes them vulnerable to contamination. In the karst hydrogeological system, groundwater from micro-basins has a dynamic part of water with a long residence time with 1.8 units of tritium (RC-7) and another water dynamic of short residence time of 3 and 3.2 tritium units (RC-4, RC-5, RC-6). (authors).

  4. IMPACT DE L’ORIENTATION SUR LE CONFORT THERMIQUE INTERIEUR DANS L’HABITATION COLLECTIVE : Cas de la nouvelle ville Ali Mendjeli, Constantine

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    S BELLARA LOUAFI

    2009-06-01

    Une étude est effectuée sur le site de la nouvelle ville ALI MENDJELI de Constantine afin de comparer et de chercher la relation entre les éléments du climat et l’orientation. Une investigation sur terrain (relevé des températures, humidité relatives, températures de surfaces est entreprise pour évaluer la réponse quantitative globale pour ce type de climat (semi aride. Parallèlement à cela une simulation à l’aide d’un logiciel TRNSYS (version 14.1 a été effectuée pour tester plusieurs possibilités d’orientations et d’améliorations afin de déterminer les éléments qui peuvent servir à des conditions meilleures. Les résultats montrent que la prise en compte du critère orientation fait participer le bâtiment à une conception plus performante thermiquement et plus économe énergétiquement.

  5. Long-range ferromagnetism and magnetocaloric effects in rapidly quenched Ni50−xCoxMn50−yAly ribbons

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Nguyen Thi Mai

    2017-03-01

    Full Text Available Ni50−xCoxMn50−yAly (x = 7 and 9; y = 17, 18 and 19 alloy ribbons were prepared by melt-spinning with a tangential velocity of copper wheel of 40 m s−1. X-ray diffraction patterns reveal multi-crystalline phase behavior in the fabricated ribbons. The shape of thermomagnetization curves clearly depends on Co and Al concentrations. The Curie temperatures (TC of the alloy ribbons strongly increase with increasing the Co concentration and slightly decrease with increasing the Al concentration. The martensitic-austenitic phase transition in the alloy ribbons can be manipulated by tuning Co and Al concentrations. The maximum magnetic entropy change |ΔSm|max of about 0.75 J kg−1 K−1 for a field change of 12 kOe at TC ≈ 364 K was achieved for the Ni43Co7Mn32Al18 ribbon. Critical analysis using the Arrott-Noaks and Kouvel–Fisher methods demonstrates the existence of a long-range ferromagnetic order in this ribbon.

  6. Crystal structures of hydrates of simple inorganic salts. III. Water-rich aluminium halide hydrates: AlCl3 · 15H2O, AlBr3 · 15H2O, AlI3 · 15H2O, AlI3 · 17H2O and AlBr3 · 9H2O.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Schmidt, Horst; Hennings, Erik; Voigt, Wolfgang

    2014-09-01

    Water-rich aluminium halide hydrate structures are not known in the literature. The highest known water content per Al atom is nine for the perchlorate and fluoride. The nonahydrate of aluminium bromide, stable pentadecahydrates of aluminium chloride, bromide and iodide, and a metastable heptadecahydrate of the iodide have now been crystallized from low-temperature solutions. The structures of these hydrates were determined and are discussed in terms of the development of cation hydration spheres. The pentadecahydrate of the chloride and bromide are isostructural. In AlI(3) · 15H2O, half of the Al(3+) cations are surrounded by two complete hydration spheres, with six H2O in the primary and 12 in the secondary. For the heptadecahydrate of aluminium iodide, this hydration was found for every Al(3+).

  7. Mélanges : Aliénor d'Aquitaine. Portée et limites du genre biographique. A propos d'un livre récent.

    OpenAIRE

    Aurell, Martin; Girbea, Catalina; De Mascureau, Marie-Aline

    2005-01-01

    International audience; A travers les nombreux travaux inspirés par la reine Aliénor d'Aquitaine, la biographie de Jean Flori (Aliénor d'Aquitaine, La reine insoumise, Paris, Payot, 2004, 544 pp.), ouvrage dont la démarche fine et nuancée n'a d'égal que son érudition, fait figure de référence incontournable. L'auteur parvient dans la plupart des cas à surmonter les difficultés et les risques inhérents au genre biographique, et à imbriquer savamment l'événementiel et l'interprétation aussi bie...

  8. Mapping tropical dry forest height, foliage height profiles and disturbance type and age with a time series of cloud-cleared Landsat and ALI image mosaics to characterize avian habitat

    Science.gov (United States)

    E.H. Helmer; Thomas S. Ruzycki; Jr. Joseph M. Wunderle; Shannon Vogesser; Bonnie Ruefenacht; Charles Kwit; Thomas J. Brandeis; David N. Ewert

    2010-01-01

    Remote sensing of forest vertical structure is possible with lidar data, but lidar is not widely available. Here we map tropical dry forest height (RMSE=0.9 m, R2=0.84, range 0.6–7 m), and we map foliage height profiles, with a time series of Landsat and Advanced Land Imager (ALI) imagery on the island of Eleuthera, The Bahamas, substituting time for vertical canopy...

  9. Low-Cost Evaluation of EO-1 Hyperion and ALI for Detection and Biophysical Characterization of Forest Logging in Amazonia (NCC5-481)

    Science.gov (United States)

    Asner, Gregory P.; Keller, Michael M.; Silva, Jose Natalino; Zweede, Johan C.; Pereira, Rodrigo, Jr.

    2002-01-01

    quantify both the presence and degree of structural disturbance caused by various logging regimes. Our quantitative assessment of Hyperion hyperspectral and ALI multi-spectral data for the detection and structural characterization of selective logging in Amazonia will benefit from data collected through an ongoing project run by the Tropical Forest Foundation, within which we have developed a study of the canopy and landscape biophysics of conventional and reduced-impact logging. We will add to our base of forest structural information in concert with an EO-1 overpass. Using a photon transport model inversion technique that accounts for non-linear mixing of the four biogeophysical indicators, we will estimate these parameters across a gradient of selective logging intensity provided by conventional and reduced impact logging sites. We will also compare our physical ly-based approach to both conventional (e.g., NDVI) and novel (e.g., SWIR-channel) vegetation indices as well as to linear mixture modeling methods. We will cross-compare these approaches using Hyperion and ALI imagers to determine the strengths and limitations of these two sensors for applications of forest biophysics. This effort will yield the first physical ly-based, quantitative analysis of the detection and intensity of selective logging in Amazonia, comparing hyperspectral and improved multi-spectral approaches as well as inverse modeling, linear mixture modeling, and vegetation index techniques.

  10. Evolution and circulation of type-2 vaccine-derived polioviruses in Nad Ali district of Southern Afghanistan during June 2009-February 2011.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sharif, Salmaan; Abbasi, Bilal Haider; Khurshid, Adnan; Alam, Muhammad Masroor; Shaukat, Shahzad; Angez, Mehar; Rana, Muhammad Suleman; Zaidi, Syed Sohail Zahoor

    2014-01-01

    Oral polio vaccine has been used successfully as a powerful tool to control the spread of wild polioviruses throughout the world; however, during replication in under immunized children, some vaccine viruses revert and acquire the neurovirulent phenotypic properties. In this study, we describe the evolution and circulation of Vaccine-Derived Polioviruses (VDPVs) in Helmand province of Afghanistan. We investigated 2646 AFP cases of Afghan children from June 2009-February 2011 and isolated 103 (04%) vaccine viruses, 45(1.7%) wild type polioviruses and six (0.22%) type 2 circulating vaccine-derived polioviruses (cVDPVs). These cVDPVs showed 97.7%-98.2% nucleotide and 98%-98.7% amino acid homology in VP1 region on comparison with Sabin type 2 reference strain. All these cVDPVs had two signature mutations of neurovirulent phenotypes and 12 additional mutations in P1 capsid region that might also have contributed to increase neurovirulence and replication. Phylogenetic analysis revealed that all these viruses were closely related and originated from previously reported Sabin like 2 virus from Pakistan which did not conform to the standard definition of VDPVs at that time. It was also observed that initial OPV dose was administered approximately 9 months prior to the collection of first stool specimen of index case. Our findings support that suboptimal surveillance and low routine immunization coverage have contributed to the emergence and spread of these viruses in Afghanistan. We therefore recommend high quality immunization campaigns not only in affected district Nad Ali but also in the bordering areas between Pakistan and Afghanistan to prevent the spread of cVDPVs.

  11. Development of Antisense Therapeutic and Imaging Agents to Detect and Suppress Inducible Nitric Oxide Synthase (iNOS) Expression in Acute Lung Injury (ALI)

    Science.gov (United States)

    Shen, Yuefei

    This dissertation focuses on the development and investigation of antisense imaging and therapeutic agents, combined with nanotechnology, to detect and suppress inducible nitric oxide synthase (iNOS) expression for the diagnosis and treatment of acute lung injury (ALI). To achieve this goal, several efforts were made. The first effort was the identification and characterization of high binding affinity antisense peptide nucleic acids (PNAs) and shell-crosslinked knedel-like nanoparticle (SCK)-PNA conjugates to the iNOS mRNA. Antisense binding sites on the iNOS mRNA were first mapped by a procedure for rapidly generating a library of antisense accessible sites on native mRNAs (MASL) which involves reverse transcription of whole cell mRNA extracts with a random oligodeoxynucleotide primer followed by mRNA-specific PCR. Antisense PNAs against the antisense accessible sites were accordingly synthesized and characterized. The second effort was the investigation of cationic shell crosslinked knedel-like nanoparticle (cSCK)-mediated siRNA delivery to suppress iNOS expression for the treatment of ALI. siRNA with its unique gene-specific properties could serve as a promising therapeutic agent, however success in this area has been challenged by a lack of efficient biocompatible transfection agents. cSCK with its nanometer size and positive charge previously showed efficient cellular delivery of phosphorothioate ODNs (oligodeoxynucleotides), plasmid DNA and PNA. Herein, cSCK showed good siRNA binding and facilitated efficient siRNA transfection in HeLa, a mouse macrophage cell line and other human cell lines. cSCK led to greater silencing efficiency than Lipofectamine 2000 in HeLa cells as determined by the viability following transfection with cytotoxic and non-cytotoxic siRNAs, as well in 293T and HEK cells, and was comparable in BEAS-2B and MCF10a cells. The third effort was the preparation of an iNOS imaging probe through electrostatic complexation between a radiolabeled

  12. S. Ali. J, Anim. Sci

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    satoriese grclei op somerveld waargeneem. ln ooreen- stemrning met die resultate van die huidige studie het. Verbeek ( 1958), Lawrence & Pearce ( 1964) en Lesch erai. ( 1968) gevind dat osse wat teen onderhoud in vergelyking rnet ho onderhoud oorwinter is, ten spyte van kompen- satoriese groei gedurende die somer.

  13. S. Ali. J, Anim. Sci

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Line0re regrcssievcrwantskappe nret tritium- of ureumruinrte en lewende massa as onafhanklike veranderlikes en spier, been en dissek- teerbare vet in die bulkarkasse is opgcstel. Dre akkuranthcid van hlerdie verwantskappe is vergelyk met soortgelyke verwantskappe waar die onafhanklike veranderlikes karkasmansa en ...

  14. Unustatud katakombid / Claudia Haj Ali

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Haj Ali, Claudia

    1999-01-01

    Arheoloog Jean-Yves Empereur leidis Egiptuse Aleksandria linna lähedal asuvasse kaljusse rajatud katakombid, mis on osa hellenistlikul perioodil rajatud ning pikka aega unustuse hõlmas olnud surnute linnast. Leidude seas on kipsist Meduusa pea nind leide Rooma perioodist.

  15. Centennial-scale vegetation and climate changes in the Middle Atlas, Morocco: new insights from multi-proxy investigations at Lake Sidi Ali

    Science.gov (United States)

    Fletcher, William; Campbell, Jennifer; Joannin, Sebastien; Mischke, Steffen; Zielhofer, Christoph; de Batist, Marc; Mikdad, Abdes

    2016-04-01

    The karstic lakes of the Middle Atlas, Morocco, represent a valuable archive of environmental and climatic change for Northwest Africa. Here we present the results of centennial-scale palynological and charcoal analyses as part of a multiproxy palaeolimnological study of sediment cores from Lake Sidi Ali in the Middle Atlas, Morocco (33° 03 N, 05° 00 W; 2,080 m a.s.l.). Supported by absolute dating including 23 more than twenty AMS 14C dates on pollen concentrates, the record covers the entire Holocene and offers insights into vegetation and climate change at a regionally unprecedented centennial-scale. Pollen assemblages are dominated by steppic herbs, evergreen oaks (Quercus), junipers (Cupressaceae) and Atlantic cedar (Cedrus atlantica). A long-term evolution of the montane vegetation is recorded, reflecting progressive changes in the dominant arboreal taxa and leading to the full establishment of the emblematic cedar forests of the area during the mid-Holocene by 6000 cal BP. Orbital-scale changes in seasonality and growing season moisture availability linked to declining summer insolation are implicated, with a transition from (a) warm, dry summers associated with summer drought tolerant taxa especially evergreen Quercus, high algal productivity in the lake, and high background levels of microcharcoal reflecting distant fire activity during the early Holocene, to (b) cool, relatively humid summers with dominance of montane conifers, declining algal productivity in the lake, and episodic local fire activity during the mid- to late Holocene. Superimposed on the long-term environmental changes are recurrent centennial-scale fluctuations in vegetation composition, reflecting competitive dynamics between the major taxa, initially between steppic and arboreal elements, and later between the major tree taxa. Parallels with hydrological proxies including stable O and C isotopes suggest common responses to climatic drivers (fluctuations in moisture sources and

  16. Review on a Traditional Herbal Medicine, Eurycoma longifolia Jack (Tongkat Ali): Its Traditional Uses, Chemistry, Evidence-Based Pharmacology and Toxicology.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rehman, Shaheed Ur; Choe, Kevin; Yoo, Hye Hyun

    2016-03-10

    Eurycoma longifolia Jack (known as tongkat ali), a popular traditional herbal medicine, is a flowering plant of the family Simaroubaceae, native to Indonesia, Malaysia, Vietnam and also Cambodia, Myanmar, Laos and Thailand. E. longifolia, is one of the well-known folk medicines for aphrodisiac effects as well as intermittent fever (malaria) in Asia. Decoctions of E. longifolia leaves are used for washing itches, while its fruits are used in curing dysentery. Its bark is mostly used as a vermifuge, while the taproots are used to treat high blood pressure, and the root bark is used for the treatment of diarrhea and fever. Mostly, the roots extract of E. longifolia are used as folk medicine for sexual dysfunction, aging, malaria, cancer, diabetes, anxiety, aches, constipation, exercise recovery, fever, increased energy, increased strength, leukemia, osteoporosis, stress, syphilis and glandular swelling. The roots are also used as an aphrodisiac, antibiotic, appetite stimulant and health supplement. The plant is reported to be rich in various classes of bioactive compounds such as quassinoids, canthin-6-one alkaloids, β-carboline alkaloids, triterpene tirucallane type, squalene derivatives and biphenyl neolignan, eurycolactone, laurycolactone, and eurycomalactone, and bioactive steroids. Among these phytoconstituents, quassinoids account for a major portion of the E. longifolia root phytochemicals. An acute toxicity study has found that the oral Lethal Dose 50 (LD50) of the alcoholic extract of E. longifolia in mice is between 1500-2000 mg/kg, while the oral LD50 of the aqueous extract form is more than 3000 mg/kg. Liver and renal function tests showed no adverse changes at normal daily dose and chronic use of E. longifolia. Based on established literature on health benefits of E. longifolia, it is important to focus attention on its more active constituents and the constituents' identification, determination, further development and most importantly, the

  17. Review on a Traditional Herbal Medicine, Eurycoma longifolia Jack (Tongkat Ali: Its Traditional Uses, Chemistry, Evidence-Based Pharmacology and Toxicology

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Shaheed Ur Rehman

    2016-03-01

    Full Text Available Eurycoma longifolia Jack (known as tongkat ali, a popular traditional herbal medicine, is a flowering plant of the family Simaroubaceae, native to Indonesia, Malaysia, Vietnam and also Cambodia, Myanmar, Laos and Thailand. E. longifolia, is one of the well-known folk medicines for aphrodisiac effects as well as intermittent fever (malaria in Asia. Decoctions of E. longifolia leaves are used for washing itches, while its fruits are used in curing dysentery. Its bark is mostly used as a vermifuge, while the taproots are used to treat high blood pressure, and the root bark is used for the treatment of diarrhea and fever. Mostly, the roots extract of E. longifolia are used as folk medicine for sexual dysfunction, aging, malaria, cancer, diabetes, anxiety, aches, constipation, exercise recovery, fever, increased energy, increased strength, leukemia, osteoporosis, stress, syphilis and glandular swelling. The roots are also used as an aphrodisiac, antibiotic, appetite stimulant and health supplement. The plant is reported to be rich in various classes of bioactive compounds such as quassinoids, canthin-6-one alkaloids, β-carboline alkaloids, triterpene tirucallane type, squalene derivatives and biphenyl neolignan, eurycolactone, laurycolactone, and eurycomalactone, and bioactive steroids. Among these phytoconstituents, quassinoids account for a major portion of the E. longifolia root phytochemicals. An acute toxicity study has found that the oral Lethal Dose 50 (LD50 of the alcoholic extract of E. longifolia in mice is between 1500–2000 mg/kg, while the oral LD50 of the aqueous extract form is more than 3000 mg/kg. Liver and renal function tests showed no adverse changes at normal daily dose and chronic use of E. longifolia. Based on established literature on health benefits of E. longifolia, it is important to focus attention on its more active constituents and the constituents’ identification, determination, further development and most

  18. Kirdeci Ali ve Dâstân-ı ‘Ömer İbni Hattâb Adlı Küçük Mesnevisi Kirdeci Ali and Kirdeci Ali’s Short Masnavi called Dâstân-ı Ömer İbni Hattâb

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Halit BİLTEKİN

    2013-03-01

    Full Text Available The first products of Turkish Literature developed in Anatolia are literary works originating from religion. These literary works, which are very important elements in the Turkification and Islamization of Anatolia, provided for the Turks to adopt Anatolia as homeland. In the beginning, the service that had started with translation and commentary of Koran and the sections of the Koran continued with the religious, sufistic and moral poetic works. One of the periods that thesepoetic works are mostly seemed is XIV. century. In this century literaryworks that are appealing to the religious, moral and Islamic heroismfeelings of folk have been written in the form of short masnavis likeDeer, Limbless Head, Pigeon, Dragon. The authors of these works aremostly unknown. In some of them, the issue that the name whichappeared in the works is whether belong to the author or the narrator isambiguous. Kirdeci Ali is one of these poets who is assummed to havelived in the XIV. century. Kirdeci Ali has the well-known three shortmasnavi in the history of literature, which are the Epic of LimblessHead, the Epic of Pigeon and the Epic of Dragon. Except for these,there are some epics, which are ascribed to Kirdeci Ali, like the Hikâye-iDelletü’l-muhtel and the Legend of Deer. But it is doubtful whetherthese epics are belong to Kirdeci Ali. This article focuses on the KirdeciAli’s short and unknown masnavi, called as Dâstân-ı Ömer İbni Hattâb,including fifteen verses and written in the form of ”fâ’ilâtün fâ’ilâtünfâ’ilün”. The subject of this masnavi is the story between Omar and aJewish person. The short mathnawi tells the apostasy of a Jewishsociety to the Islam by the providence of God and through the Omar’sacts. Anadolu’da gelişen Türk edebiyatının ilk ürünleri dinî kaynaklı eserlerdir. Anadolu’nun Türkleşmesinde ve İslamlaşmasında önemli unsurlardan olan bu eserler, aynı zamanda Türklerin Anadolu’yu yurt

  19. Limits for intake of radionuclides by workers - ICRP publication 30, part 1-3. - Annual limits of intake (ALI) and derived air concentration (DAC) for the population - statement of the ICRP, October 1983

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    1985-01-01

    ICRP publication 30 replaces ICRP publication 2 (1956). For this new version, latest scientific knowledge of the fate and effects of incorporated radioactive substances has been taken into account. The concept of the critical organ for calculation of the internal radiation dose has been left aside and instead, all organs and body tissues are considered. The calculation methods are explained in great detail. In the volume in hand, extensive tables are given providing information on practically all radionuclides of significance for radiation protection, and on related ALI and DAC data. Separate subject analyses for the database have been of this publication. (orig./HP) [de

  20. Mémoire et imagination chez les aliénistes esquiroliens et dans la troisième version de la Tentation de saint-Antoine de Flaubert : d’un savoir l’autre

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jean-Louis Cabanès

    2011-01-01

    Full Text Available A la suite d’Esquirol dans son traité Des maladies mentales de 1838, ceux que l’on appelait alors les « aliénistes » proposent de nouvelles théories de l’imagination qui, considérées dans leur ensemble, esquissent un cadre épistémique que Flaubert utilise comme cadre rhétorique dans la troisième version de la Tentation de saint-Antoine. Toutefois, l’auteur n’accepte pas l’assimilation de l’état dans lequel se trouve l’artiste lorsqu’il crée à une hallucination pathologique. Il s’oppose en cela à la théorie de Moreau de Tours ; en revanche, il se montre plus proche de la pensée de Brierre de Boismont (et de celle de l’historien Alfred Maury. Par cet usage intelligemment mitigé du cadre épistémique de l’aliénisme contemporain et par l’invention d’une prose poétique dont les soubassements théoriques annoncent certaines conceptions de Freud et de Nietzsche, Flaubert dépasse résolument les esquiroliens.

  1. Hasan Ali Toptaş'ın Kayıp Hayaller Kitabı'nda Büyülü Gerçekçilik In Kayıp Hayaller Kitabı of Hasan Ali Toptaş Megical Realism

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Oktay YİVLİ

    2013-09-01

    Full Text Available In narrations of magical reality, real and unreal, ordinary andextraordinary, authentic and imaginary elements exist together withoutany conflict. Magical Realism flourishes especially in the twentiethcentury Latin American Literature. This sense results from the struggleof comprehending and narrating new reality as opposed to fantasticfictions and tales. In his novel called Kayıp Hayaller Kitabı, Hasan AliToptaş included the techniques and elements used in the samples ofmagical realism, such as de-familiarization, singularity, indefiniteness,dead people and multiple narrators.As be different fantastic in magical realism fictional people havebeen to become inured to in a world which is together realty and magic,just about accepted it as a natural media. Formal notice of magicalrealism from fantastic is that it selects spaces from realty world notimaginary world.In his novel called Kayıp Hayaller Kitabı, external reality isn’talways reflected one to one. The narration differentiates from classicnarrative structure reality in terms of presentations. Event descriptionsseen, heard and dreamed are presented in an imaginary order. In thenovel, the nature of entities and objects are given as changed Thus ittries to catch to catch another dimension of reality. The people in thenovel doubt from their own realities. What is real, what is not realbecome confused.After all these features, the novel studied should be considered asa magical realistic novel and should be evaluated as use aesthetics ofmagical realism. Büyülü gerçekçi anlatılarda gerçekle gerçek dışı, olağanla olağan olmayan, düşsel ile sahici ögeler aynı dünyanın içinde herhangi bir çatışmaya girmeden yaşarlar. Büyülü gerçekçilik özellikle yirminci yüzyıl Latin Amerikan edebiyatında gelişip serpilmiştir. Bu anlayış fantastikten ve masaldan ayrı olarak yeni gerçekliği kavramanın ve anlatmanın bir çabası olarak ortaya çıkmıştır. Hasan Ali

  2. Poklicna izgorelost ali zavzetost za delo, to je zdaj vprašanje Osebni in skupinski izobraževalni moduli za preprečevanje poklicne izgorelosti (2. del

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Andreja Pšeničny

    2005-12-01

    Full Text Available Raziskavo sta avtorici posvetili preucevanju potreb po varovanju zaposlenih pred poklicno izgorelostjo, hkrati pa tudi spodbujanju njihove zavzetosti za delo. Podjetje, ki se zaveda pomena svojih virov, lahko v enem in drugem primeru s podobnimi izobrazevalnimi vsebinami in postopki oplemeniti svoj najpomembnejsi vir ljudi. Avtorici ugotavljata, da v zvezi s poklicno izgorelostjo danes ni vec poudarek na preucevanju osebnostnih lastnosti za delo »preveč« vnetih ljudi, marvec predvsem na proucevanju delovnega okolja in psiholoških delovnih okolisCin v podjetju. Poklicno izgorelost lahko prepreCimo tudi z znanstveno utemeljeno organiziranostjo podjetja ali ustanove; taksno, ki spodbuja formalne in neformalne komunikacijske okoliscine, pozitivne medsebojne in kolektivne odnose ter druge ugodne psihološke delovne okoliscine. Izobrazevanje za prepoznavanje in preprečevanje poklicne izgorelosti na eni strani ter izobrazevanje za spodbujanje zavzetosti za delo na drugi strani je posvečeno posameznikom, podjetjem, strokovni in široki javnosti.

  3. Programme Herpèsvirus. Synthèse des travaux réalisés au Laboratoire IFREMER de La Tremblade - Mars 1996 - Février 1997

    OpenAIRE

    Renault, Tristan; Le Deuff, Rose-marie; Lipart, Cecile; Chollet, Bruno; Haffner, Philippe

    1997-01-01

    Ce rapport représente la synthèse des travaux réalisés de mars 1996 à février 1997 au laboratoire de Génétique, Aquaculture et Pathologie de la station IFREMER de La Tremblade, dans le cadre de l'étude du virus de type herpès observé chez les huîtres et de la mise au point de méthodes de diagnostic. La majorité des travaux rapportés ici de façon complète, a déjà fait l'objet de comptes rendus intermédiaires.

  4. Application of multivariate statistical analysis and hydrochemical and isotopic investigations for evaluation of groundwater quality and its suitability for drinking and agriculture purposes: case of Oum Ali-Thelepte aquifer, central Tunisia.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hassen, Imen; Hamzaoui-Azaza, Fadoua; Bouhlila, Rachida

    2016-03-01

    Groundwater plays a dominant role in arid regions; it is among the most available water resources in Tunisia. Located in northwestern Tunisia, Oum Ali-Thelepte is a deep Miocene sedimentary aquifer, where groundwater is the most important source of water supply. The aim of the study is to investigate the hydrochemical processes leading to mineralization and to assess water quality with respect to agriculture and drinking for a better management of groundwater resources. To achieve such objectives, water analysis was carried out on 16 groundwater samples collected during January-February 2014. Stable isotopes and 26 hydrochemical parameters were examined. The interpretation of these analytical data showed that the concentrations of major and trace elements were within the permissible level for human use. The distribution of mineral processes in this aquifer was identified using conventional classification techniques, suggesting that the water facies gradually changes from Ca-HCO3 to Mg-SO4 type and are controlled by water-rock interaction. These results were endorsed using multivariate statistical methods such as principal component analysis and cluster analysis. The sustainability of groundwater for drinking and irrigation was assessed based on the water quality index (WQI) and on Wilcox and Richards's diagrams. This aquifer has been classified as "excellent water" serving good irrigation in the area. As for the stable isotope, the measurements showed that groundwater samples lay between global meteoric water line (GMWL) and LMWL; hence, this arrangement signifies that the recharge of the Oum Ali-Thelepte aquifer is ensured by rainwater infiltration through mountains in the border of the aquifer without evaporation effects.

  5. 27 August 2013 - Signature of an Agreement between KTO Karatay University in Turkey represented by the Dean of Engineering Professor Ali Okatan, CERN represented by Director for Research and Computing Dr Sergio Bertolucci and ALICE Collaboration represented by ALICE Collaboration Spokesperson Dr Paolo Giubellino.

    CERN Multimedia

    Maximilien Brice

    2013-01-01

    27 August 2013 - Signature of an Agreement between KTO Karatay University in Turkey represented by the Dean of Engineering Professor Ali Okatan, CERN represented by Director for Research and Computing Dr Sergio Bertolucci and ALICE Collaboration represented by ALICE Collaboration Spokesperson Dr Paolo Giubellino.

  6. Synthesis and magnetic study of magnetically hard-soft SrFe12-yAlyO19 - x Wt.% Ni0.5Zn0.5Fe2O4 nanocomposites

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    D. Neupane

    2017-05-01

    Full Text Available Pure phase exchange coupled nanocomposites of magnetically hard-soft oxides, (hard SrFe12-yAlyO19 -(soft x Wt.% Ni0.5Zn0.5Fe2O4 were prepared via one-pot autocombustion method. The hard-phase magnetic anisotropy was systematically varied via Al3+ doping and magnetic properties of the nanocomposites were assessed as a function of magnetic soft-phase content in the nanocomposite. As synthesized, ferrites were assessed for phase composition, crystallinity, and magnetic properties by using XRD and VSM respectively. Exchange coupling behavior was observed in nanocomposites for all soft phase content in the low field region up to 1200 Oe. Also, exchange coupling was observed to weaken with increase in Al3+ content in the hard phase of the composite. As a result of hard-soft exchange coupling, the saturation magnetization, reduced remanence, and Curie temperature were observed to be higher than those of pure SrFe12O19 hexaferrite. The present study is novel in its approach of tuning magnetic parameters of exchange-spring nanocomposites via systematically controlling magnetic parameters of the hard phase and content of the soft phase.

  7. Cross-calibration of the Terra MODIS, Landsat 7 ETM+ and EO-1 ALI sensors using near-simultaneous surface observation over the Railroad Valley Playa, Nevada, test site

    Science.gov (United States)

    Chander, G.; Angal, A.; Choi, T.; Meyer, D.J.; Xiong, X.; Teillet, P.M.

    2007-01-01

    A cross-calibration methodology has been developed using coincident image pairs from the Terra Moderate Resolution Imaging Spectroradiometer (MODIS), the Landsat 7 (L7) Enhanced Thematic Mapper Plus (ETM+) and the Earth Observing EO-1 Advanced Land Imager (ALI) to verify the absolute radiometric calibration accuracy of these sensors with respect to each other. To quantify the effects due to different spectral responses, the Relative Spectral Responses (RSR) of these sensors were studied and compared by developing a set of "figures-of-merit." Seven cloud-free scenes collected over the Railroad Valley Playa, Nevada (RVPN), test site were used to conduct the cross-calibration study. This cross-calibration approach was based on image statistics from near-simultaneous observations made by different satellite sensors. Homogeneous regions of interest (ROI) were selected in the image pairs, and the mean target statistics were converted to absolute units of at-sensor reflectance. Using these reflectances, a set of cross-calibration equations were developed giving a relative gain and bias between the sensor pair.

  8. Five-year outcome of a stroke cohort in Martinique, French West Indies: Etude Réalisée en Martinique et Centrée sur l'Incidence des Accidents vasculaires cérebraux, Part 2.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Chausson, Nicolas; Olindo, Stéphane; Cabre, Philippe; Saint-Vil, Martine; Smadja, Didier

    2010-04-01

    Limited information exists on stroke among black populations outside the United States and United Kingdom. Part 1 of the Etude Réalisée en Martinique et Centrée sur l'Incidence des Accidents vasculaires cérebraux (ERMANCIA) provided strong epidemiologic data on the incidence of first-ever stroke in a black Caribbean population and showed a 40% greater incidence of stroke in Martinique than in continental France. In ERMANCIA part 2, we evaluated the long-term outcomes of our cohort. Survivors of a first stroke from this prospective, community-based, stroke incidence study were reassessed at 5 years according to standardized procedures and criteria, including the modified Rankin scale, Barthel Index, Montgomery-Asberg Depression-Rating Scale, Mini-Mental State Examination, treatment compliance, and blood pressure control. Of the 293 survivors of the original 580 (50.5%) patients who were still alive 5 years after stroke, 262 (89.4%) were assessed. Among these survivors, 66.4% were functionally independent and 43% were completely autonomous for activities of daily living, but 25.8% were depressed and 58.9% were cognitively impaired. Only 50 of 170 (29.4%) of the hypertensive patients achieved their target blood pressure. These results highlight the very poor blood pressure control and the very high rate of cognitive impairment in Martinican patients after stroke. As a consequence, a poststroke prevention network was established in Martinique.

  9. Hydrothermal synthesis, structures and optical properties of A2Zn3(SeO3)4·XH2O (A=Li, Na, K; X=2 or 0)

    Science.gov (United States)

    Liu, Yunsheng; Mei, Dajiang; Xu, Jingli; Wu, Yuandong

    2015-12-01

    New alkali metal zinc selenites, A2Zn3(SeO3)4·XH2O (A=Li, Na, K; X=2 or 0) were prepared through hydrothermal reactions. Li2Zn3(SeO3)4·2H2O (1) crystallizes in the monoclinic space group P21/c with lattice parameters a=8.123(4), b=9.139(4), c=7.938(3) Å, β=112.838(9)°. Na2Zn3(SeO3)4·2H2O (2) crystallizes in the monoclinic space group C2/c with lattice parameters a=15.7940(18), b=6.5744(8), c=14.6787(17) Å, β=107.396(3)°. K2Zn3(SeO3)4 (3) crystallizes in the monoclinic space group C2/c with lattice parameters a=11.3584(12), b=8.6091(9), c=13.6816(14) Å, β=93.456(2)°. The anionic structures are composed of [Zn3O12]18- sheets, chains, and "isolated" units in compound 1, 2, 3, respectively, and trigonal pyramids SeO32-. The compounds were characterized by the solid state UV-vis-NIR diffuse reflectance spectroscopy, infrared spectra and thermogravimetric analysis.

  10. 1192-IJBCS-Article-Doumma Ali

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    DR GATSING

    Effects of ground material on laying and egg development of C. maculatus. The fresh leaves of B. senegalensis affected considerably the laying and egg development of C. maculates. This effect results from significant ... (2009). The findings of the present investigation are in accordance with those of other workers who.

  11. 1229-IJBCS-Article-Aly Savadogo

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    DR GATSING

    confère aux protéines laitières une très bonne valeur nutritionnelle. L'apport en calcium est de 110 à 170 mg pour 100 g. Le taux de lipides varie selon que le lait d'origine est entier (35 g/l), 1/2 écrémé (17,5 g/l) ou écrémé (de 0 à 1 g/l). La teneur en glucides est augmentée dans les yaourts sucrés, aromatisés ou aux fruits ...

  12. 2526-IJBCS-Article-Mahamat Seid Ali

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    hp

    of the world population, which is a real public health problem. The purpose of this scientific work is to ..... Chem. Sci. 9(5): 2719-2734, 2015. 2727. Figure 9 : Variation du taux de diminution en iode durant le suivi avec les emballages au Marché – ..... Ministère de la Santé (Maroc). 2001. Les carences en micronutriments / ...

  13. Atvykstamojo turizmo poveikis šalies ekonomikai

    OpenAIRE

    Markauskienė, Aldona; Gižienė, Vilda

    2012-01-01

    In economic terms, tourism is a business which includes tourism product development and tourism services and provides certain revenue to a given country. The source of income of tourism consists of tourists’ expenditures on tourism products and services. Distinguished kinds are local, inbound and outbound tourism. Inbound tourism in Lithuania has developed over the past few decades, so its contribution to the country's economy is even though significant, but insufficient. The goal of the arti...

  14. 2582-IJBCS-Article-Mahamat Seid Ali

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    hp

    55% laquelle, dans 100 kg de matière sèche retient 55 kg de saccharose et 45 kg de matières organiques et non organiques. ... l'alcool éthylique, de levure et de l'acide citrique utilisé dans les ..... Tableau 1 : Effet de la durée de la réaction de 90 mn sur les caractéristiques des solutions de mélasses. Echantillons.

  15. ALI Conservation Scorecards Input Data Layers

    Data.gov (United States)

    Department of the Interior — In 2014 and 2015, the Arid Lands Initiative developed “Conservation Scorecards” for their Priority Core Areas (PCAs) and Priority Linkage Areas (PLAs). To create...

  16. 2421-IJBCS-Article-Ali Doumma

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    hp

    CONFLIT D'INTERET. Les auteurs déclarent qu'il n'y a aucun conflit d'intérêt pour cet article. REFERENCES. Adéoti K, Dansi A, Ahoton L. 2009. Selection of sites for the in situ conservation of four traditional leafy vegetables (Ceratotheca sesamoides, Sesamum radiatum, Acmella uliginosa and Justicia tenella) consumed.

  17. 1859-IJBCS-Article-Aly Diallo

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    hp

    Cette étude se propose de déterminer la composition floristique et la structure des peuplements ligneux dans trois localités de la région de Thiès (Fandène, Mont Rolland et Sessène). Sur un transect orienté. Nord/Sud, partant de Mont Rolland à Sessène, un inventaire floristique et des relevés dendrométriques ont été.

  18. 1902-IJBCS-Article-Ali Garane

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    hp

    Département de Production Végétale, 01 BP 470 Ouagadougou 01, Burkina Faso. 3 Department of Plant Science, Institute for Agricultural ... Burkina Faso kitchen. For Karnataka (2008), okra is from the most useful ... grown in randomized blocks design with three replications at experimental field of the. University of ...

  19. Siserände rahvuserinevused / Alis Tammur

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Tammur, Alis

    2003-01-01

    Uuringu tulemustest selgus, et eestlaste rändeaktiivsus oli 1990. aastatel oluliselt suurem kui mitte-eestlastel. Kui eestlaste rändes valitses linnastumine, siis mitte-eestlaste vastulinnastumine on uus protsess ja näitab, et nende asustusala on Eestis laienemas. Tabelid. Diagramm. Kaardid

  20. 831-IJBCS-Article-Doumma Ali

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    DR GATSING

    ne. * Corresponding ... populations showed that the combination of D. basalis reduced significantly the evolution of bruchids at storage. In fact, for ... For the IT81D–994, the evolution of bruchids population was completely inhibited when the ...

  1. Analyse des contraintes résiduelles dans les dépôts réalisés par rechargement laser sur alliage d'aluminium

    Science.gov (United States)

    Dubourg, L.; Hlawka, F.; Cornet, A.

    2002-07-01

    Superficial characteristics of a substrate, particularly the hardness, the elastic modulus and the wear resistance can be considerably improved by laser cladding. This high energy process causes thermal stresses, leading to residual stresses and substrate distortions. In this study, laser cladding is carried out onto an aluminium alloy with a Nd:YAG laser and a coaxial injection of Al 50Si powders. Residual stresses are determined by X-ray diffraction and by sample strain measurement. The differences of results between these two ways highlight the influence of the heat-affected zone (HAZ) under the coating. These differences can be explained by a model of three blocks: the coating, the HAZ and the substrate. The experimentation shows an optimal treatment speed, leading to maximum compression stresses interesting for the hardness and the wear resistance. Moreover, at a certain fixed speed, the thermal stresses balance each other in the sample and lead to the no-distortion of the substrate. Par la formation d'un dépôt, le rechargement laser permet d'amé liorer les caractéristiques superficielles d'un substrat, en particulier la dureté, le module d'élasticité et la résistance à l'usure. Ce procédé utilisant un faisceau de haute énergie crée dans le matériau traité des contraintes résiduelles d'origine thermique et des déformations du substrat. Dans cet article, le rechargement laser a été réalisé sur un alliage d'aluminium grâce à un laser Nd YAG et une injection coaxiale de poudres Al 50Si. Les contraintes résiduelles ont été étudiées par diffraction des rayons X et par la méthode de la flèche. Les différences de résultats entre ces deux méthodes ont permis de mettre en évidence l'influence de la zone affectée thermique (ZAT) en dessous du dépôt et ont pu être expliquées à l'aide d'un modèle de blocs correspondant respectivement au dépôt, à la ZAT et au substrat. L'expérimentation a révélé, entre autres, une vitesse de

  2. النهج السياسي للخليفة علي(ع مع معارضيه دراسة في ضوء نهج البلاغة Political approach to the Caliph Ali (AS with his opponents in light of the study Nahaj Al-balgkaha

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Caesar Abdul Karim Jassem Al-Zubaidi قيصر عبد الكريم جاسم الزبيدي

    2013-06-01

    Full Text Available Thankfully for allah with no first came before him, and the last without a last will be after him, and God bless Mohammed prophets and complete several senders and his house, his family and companions and yet ... The most important benefit of the study of history, is the lesson of the news the past, and use them in the present, to work on the prosperity of the future, and Islamic history of the Arab nation, full of a lot of symbols and political leaders, adults, who planted and immobilized and spread the principles of the Islamic religion on the geographical area included the three most important continents in the world at that time (Asia, Africa, and Europe and founded the greatest empire ruled for more than seven centuries of the mission of the Prophet Muhammad (PBUH until the end of the Abbasid caliphate in 656 AH / 1258 AD. Among the most important leaders of the Arab State Islamic, Commander of the Faithful Ali bin Abi Talib (AS is well known, because he grew and grew and learn the concepts and principles of Islam, by the educator and his cousin, the Prophet Muhammad (PBUH, who ruled in the most important stage in the history of the Arab state Islamic which is almost similar to a large extent, the events experienced by Iraq at the present time and which is tension and political turmoil. With this in mind sought researcher to develop this study, entitled (Political approach to the Caliph Ali (AS with his opponents in light of the study Nahaj Al-balgkaha, in order to benefit from the actions and behavior of the faithful Ali (AS, and enlightenment biography fragrant and Sermon his words and deeds which are treatedout with his political opponents for his succession, and transfer to readers hoping to achieve the benefit of them, which is to achieve political stability, working through his approach political among the members of this country, rulers and ruled alike to prevail peace and tolerance, leading to the advancement of this wounded country

  3. Ali so ograjene skupnosti za stanovalce nepogrešljive?

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ayhan BEKLEYEN

    2016-06-01

    Full Text Available Ograjene skupnosti oziroma stanovanjske soseske z omejenim dostopom so po svetu vse bolj razširjene. Raziskava se osredotoča na ograjeni skupnosti v Dijarbakirju, enem od največjih mest na jugovzhodu Turčije. V njej avtorja preučujeta stopnjo zadovoljstva in preference prebivalcev teh skupnosti. Ugotovitve kažejo visoko stopnjo zadovoljstva med stanovalci in razkrivajo, da se ljudje za življenje v teh skupnostih v glavnem odločajo zaradi varnosti in prestiža. Rezultati poleg tega kažejo, da se dolgoletni prebivalci OS bojijo živeti zunaj tovrstnih sosesk, kar se izraža v strahu pred selitvijo.

  4. Enchondroma of the scaphoid: a case report | Ali | Pan African ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Enchondroma represents a common bone tumor of the hand. The scaphoid is a rare location. We report the case of a scaphoid enchondroma presenting as chronic wrist pain following a relatively minor trauma. The diagnosis was suggested by radiological study and then confirmed by histological study after biopsy.

  5. Screening blood donors for malaria parasite in Sudan | Ali ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Background: In countries where malaria is endemic, its transmission is a hazard of blood transfusion and could lead to serious if not fatal complications. To assess the likely importance of transfusion induced malaria in Sudan; a descriptive cross sectional facility based study was carried out. Material and Methods: A total ...

  6. 114_606 - 614_CHM 044 Ali Ahmed

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    userpc

    order model with correlation coefficient (R the adsorption kinetics most effectively. Su that upon activation the cloudy and flaky n to higher surface area for adsor ascertained by the Potential charge of potential of the Activated Watermelon Rin dyes removal from aqueous solution . Keywords: Activated Watermelon Rinds.

  7. Nutraceuticals as natural healers: Emerging evidences | Ali | African ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    The protective effects of tocotrienols in flax seed oil, the curcuminoids in turmeric, carotenoids in carrots, flavonoids in fruits/vegetables, omega-3 fatty acids in sea foods, allyl-sulfides in garlic and -glucans in mush-rooms/cereals are few common examples to be cited here. Excess saturated fat is attributed to pose adverse ...

  8. Factors predisposing to obesity: a review of the literature | Ali ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    The rising prevalence of obesity is a worldwide problem affecting not only the developed world but also developing nations such as South Africa. Excess body fat deposition is caused by an imbalance between energy intake and energy expenditure and there are many genetic and environmental factors that can influence ...

  9. Challenge and Opportunity: the ALI/III Global Principles Project ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Potchefstroom Electronic Law Journal/Potchefstroomse Elektroniese Regsblad. Journal Home · ABOUT · Advanced Search · Current Issue · Archives · Journal Home > Vol 11, No 1 (2008) >. Log in or Register to get access to full text downloads.

  10. Is the Age Problem Resolved? Ali Akbar Navabi & Nematollah Riazi

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    R. Narasimhan (Krishtel eMaging) 1461 1996 Oct 15 13:05:22

    mological principle, the cosmic time elapsed since the big bang singularity is approx- ... According to a well known theorem in the theory of errors (Barford 1995), the standard error of z = f (x, y, ...) is related to the standard errors of x, y, ... according to. S(z) = [( ... (1998) are among five different research groups which used the.

  11. Alexopoulos, Theodoros Benford's Law in Astronomy 639 Ali, Sk ...

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    BetiCiciJoan

    Li, Bijun. Relation between X-Ray and γ-Ray. Emissions for Fermi Blazars. 345. Li, F. see Liao, N. H.,. 453. Li, G. Q.. Evolution of Ly α. Forest in Redshift. Range 0.5 < z < 3.4. 517. Li, H. K. see Huang, F.,. 509. Li, H. Z. .... Japanese VLBI Network Observations of a Gamma-Ray Narrow-Line Sey- fert 1 Galaxy 1H 0323 + 342.

  12. A rare neurocutaneous syndrome and a rare association | Ali ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Among the many causes of ataxia, Ataxia -telangictasia is an autosomal recessive1, multi system disease affecting the skin, nervous system & immune system. It's prevalence has been estimated at 1 to 2 per 100,000 It is a neurodegenerative disorder2 in which there is progressive cerebellar ataxia, occulocutaneous ...

  13. Aliénation et idéologie

    OpenAIRE

    Kanabus, Benoît; Popa, Délia

    2017-01-01

    Dès lors, on entend mieux la question sur laquelle se referment les mille pages du Marx : « La pensée de Marx nous place devant la question abyssale : qu’est-ce que la vie » ? Cette question peut être reposée à nouveaux frais à l’âge du capitalisme avancé, où, comme le notait Adorno, la vie est devenue « l’idéologie de sa propre absence ». La recherche d’un autre rapport à l’idéologie vient alors prendre le relais de la lutte anti-idéologique de la théorie critique. Cette recherche part du po...

  14. Management of Conjoined Twins During Neonatal Period | Ali ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Background/Purpose: Conjoined twins are rare and complex anomalies of the newborn. It is reported in 1/50.000 to 1/100.000 live births. The aim of the study was to summarize the experiences gained during separation of 5 sets of conjoined twins with presentation of literature review. Materials & Methods: During the period ...

  15. Biodecolorization of acid violet 19 by Alternaria solani | Ali | African ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    In the current research work, the potential of a deuteromycete fungus, Alternaria solani for the removal of a dye, Acid Violet 19 from aqueous solution was studied. The fungus showed promising potential for the decolorization of the dye (88.6%) at a dye concentration of 30 mg/L within a relatively short period of time (four ...

  16. Ibn Sina, Abu Ali [known as Avicenna] (980-1037)

    Science.gov (United States)

    Murdin, P.

    2000-11-01

    Islamic philosopher and scientist, born in Kharmaithen, near Bukhara (now Uzbekistan). Avicenna's life was marked by swings of fortune, from physician and favored scholar of a Samanid prince, to peripatetic country doctor when the Samanid regime fell. He became court physician in Hamadan (Iran), where he was for a time imprisoned as a political prisoner. He ended his life in a peaceful, contem...

  17. ČLOVEK: BOŽJA STVARITEV ALI PLOD EVOLUCIJE

    OpenAIRE

    Ganzer, Daren

    2016-01-01

    V diplomski nalogi sta predstavljeni temeljni teoriji o kreacionizmu in evoluciji, ki vsaka po svoje obravnavata vprašanje nastanka človeka. Namen diplomske naloge je predstaviti različne znanstvene hipoteze o tem, kako je prišlo do nastanka človeške vrste. Primerjali bomo argumente za nastanek človeka po božji podobi na eni strani in argumente za razvoj človeka skozi proces evolucije na drugi. Zanimivo je, kako si je možno osnovno eksistencialno vprašanje o pojavnosti našega obstoja postavit...

  18. Bacillus thuringiensis and its application in agriculture | Ali | African ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Presently, a number of approaches to pest control via genetic engineering have been developed and genetically engineered crops expressing insecticidal characteristics are under cultivation for the last 15 years. Use of Bacillus thuringiensis genes encoding o̅ endotoxins with insecticidal characteristics is the major ...

  19. INVENTORY OF THE INVASIVE ALIE N PLANT SPECIES IN INDONESIA

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    SRI S UDARMIYATI T JITROSOEDIRDJO

    2005-01-01

    Full Text Available An inventory of the alien plant species in Indone sia based on the existing references and herbarium specimens concluded that 1936 alien plant species ar e found in Indonesia which belong to 187 families. Field studies should be done to get the complete figur es of alien plant species in Indonesia. Based on the existing figures of the plant species, the invasive alien plant species can be iden tified, followed by studies on the assessment of losses, biology, management and their possible utilizations. Alien plant species are imported to Indonesia for cultivation, collection of the botanical garden, as experimental plants or other curiosities. Aside from plants purposely imported, there are also introduced plant propagules conta-minating imported agricultural products. These alien plant species can be beneficial or have a potential of being invasive. The alien cultivated species consisted of 67% of the total number. More than half of the cultivated plants are ornamental plants. Some of th e species are naturalized or escaped from cultivation and become wild and invasive. Some other natura lized species, adapted well without any problems of invasion. There are 339 species or 17% of the species r ecorded as weeds. The highest record of weeds is found in the family of Poaceae (57 species, follo wed by Asteraceae (53 species and Cyperaceae (35 species. There are 6 families having more than 10 species of weeds: Amaranthaceae, Asteraceae, Cyperaceae, Euphorbiaceae, Poaceae, and Rubiaceae. Three families have more than 100 species: Asteraceae 162 species, Poaceae 120 species, and Papillionaceae 103 species. Five species of aquatic and 20 species of terrestrial plants considered as important alien plant species in Indonesia were identified and some of their distributions noted

  20. Surgical treatment of craniofacial haemangioma in children | Aly ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Annals of Pediatric Surgery. Journal Home · ABOUT THIS JOURNAL · Advanced Search · Current Issue · Archives · Journal Home > Vol 7, No 4 (2011) >. Log in or Register to get access to full text downloads.

  1. Jonas U. Ezema and Adizetu A. Ali STRATEGIES FOR ENHANCING ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    It presents strategies such as mobile learning, mobile schools, information repackaging, translation services, book mobile, use of audio visuals, drama and picture books in order to enhance access to information provision for. Nomads in Nigeria. Keywords: Nomads, Library, Access to information, Pastoralist, Literacy,.

  2. Editorial: Neglected diseases: burden and attention | Ali | Ethiopian ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    No Abstract. Ethiopian Journal of Health Development Vol. 19 (2) 2005: 88. Full Text: EMAIL FREE FULL TEXT EMAIL FREE FULL TEXT · DOWNLOAD FULL TEXT DOWNLOAD FULL TEXT · http://dx.doi.org/10.4314/ejhd.v19i2.9976 · AJOL African Journals Online. HOW TO USE AJOL... for Researchers · for Librarians ...

  3. Can brand personality differentiate fast food restaurants? | Ali ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    This study examines brand personality as an approach to establish brand differentiation in the highly competitive fast food sector. A modified brand personality scale proposed by Musante et al. (2008) was used to develop a questionnaire which was distributed to customers to assess their perceived brand personalities for ...

  4. Recovery of Chromium (III) from Tannery wastewater | ALI AWAN ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Three aqueous oxidants, Hydrogen peroxide, Sodium Hypochlorite and Calcium Hypochlorite were employed independently in oxidizing Chromium (III) containing tannery wastewaters to soluble chromate (CrO42-) under alkaline conditions. The amount of chromate recovered was determined via spectrophotometry.

  5. Alexopoulos, Theodoros Benford's Law in Astronomy 639 Ali, Sk ...

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    Since January 2016, the Journal of Astrophysics and Astronomy has moved to Continuous Article Publishing (CAP) mode. This means that each accepted article is being published immediately online with DOI and article citation ID with starting page number 1. Articles are also visible in Web of Science immediately.

  6. Neurological Manifestations of Dural Sinus Thrombosis | Ali | Sudan ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Background:Dural sinus thrombosis is a clinical syndrome that has a diversity of signs and symptoms that can be easily misinterpreted with other common neurological diseases such as brain infections. Objective: to study the clinical presentation of dural sinus thrombosis among Sudanese patients seen at Elshaab ...

  7. Is the Age Problem Resolved? Ali Akbar Navabi & Nematollah Riazi

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    R. Narasimhan (Krishtel eMaging) 1461 1996 Oct 15 13:05:22

    Abstract. The cosmological, astrophysical, and nucleocosmochronolog- ical methods for estimating the age of the universe and the corresponding uncertainties are comparatively studied in the present paper. We are led to the conclusion that the new measurements of cosmological parameters, and the recent estimates of ...

  8. Transgenic crops: Current challenges and future perspectives | Ali ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    resistance, use of selectable marker genes, etc. There exists a thought that the pace of research in genetic engineering of crop plants may some day lead to the development of variations that will not ensure the survival of living creatures including human beings. Most of such concerns are just psychological and are often ...

  9. Alexopoulos, Theodoros Benford's Law in Astronomy 639 Ali, Sk ...

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    BetiCiciJoan

    Dense Molecular Gas and H2O Maser. Emission in Galaxies. 509. Huang, Hongqiang see Zhu, Yunfeng,. 581. Huang, Lei. Toy Model of Frame-Dragging Mag- netosphere for the M87 Jet. 413. Huang, Wei-Rong see Pan, Cai-Juan,. 529. Huang, Y. Visual Method for Spectral Energy Dis- tribution Calculation of Blazars 507.

  10. Challenge and Opportunity: the ALI/III Global Principles Project

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    IF Fletcher

    2008-04-01

    Full Text Available This article deals with an international project to establish the extent to which it is feasible to achieve a worldwide acceptance of the Principles of Cooperation among the NAFTA Countries together with the Guidelines Applicable to Court-to-Court Communications in Cross-Border Cases. This contribution explains the process whereby the American Law Institute and the International Insolvency Institute (1 developed principles of cooperation with regard to cross-border insolvency; (2 established acceptance of these principles in jurisdictions across the world, subject to any necessary local modifications; and (3 obtained the endorsement of leading domestic associations, courts, and other groups in those jurisdictions. This article may contribute to the development the South African cross-border insolvency law. The inclusion of the challenges of harmonisation of private international law is also contributing to current debate.

  11. “Vou buscar ali, ali acima!” : A multimodalidade da deixis no português europeu

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Isabel Galhano-Rodrigues

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available Based on a case study, this article explores multimodal deixis – the ensemble gesture-speech deixis - in European Portuguese. Various forms of pointing gestures will be identified and correlated to simultaneous speech, giving account of the different types of deixis and of the kind of reference established by deictic elements. In the description of the modalities which assume the function of “pointing at”, the following co-textual and contextual aspects were considered: the relevance of indicating an object, a place, a space, a person or an abstract idea; the need for precision in pointing; speakers’ expectations regarding hearers’ knowledge about the referents.

  12. 'Les lendemains de révolution avortée' at alie to e's i o at alie to ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    2016-03-28

    Mar 28, 2016 ... Papiers and Soleil could be described as romance narratives. This said, there is a certain uneasy twist in Etoke's romances: they are invested with a tragic essence that eventually dooms the budding romances to failure. The aspect of romance, as I posit, is not limited to the romantic relationship between the ...

  13. 'Les lendemains de révolution avortée' at alie to e's i o at alie to ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    2016-03-28

    Mar 28, 2016 ... ongoing emotional as well as cultural-political presence in the authorial imagination”. (47). In a similar vein, ... music lyrics and name lists of important black historical figures that consolidate the spirit of revolt the ... Africa, is concerned about the future of her continent of origin by positioning herself as its loud ...

  14. Trends in incidence and early outcomes in a Black Afro-Caribbean population from 1999 to 2012: Etude Réalisée en Martinique et Centrée sur l'Incidence des Accidents Vasculaires Cérébraux II Study.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Olindo, Stephane; Chausson, Nicolas; Mejdoubi, Mehdi; Jeannin, Severine; Rosillette, Karine; Saint-Vil, Martine; Signate, Aissatou; Edimonana-Kaptue, Mireille; Larraillet, Veronique; Cabre, Philippe; Smadja, Didier; Joux, Julien

    2014-11-01

    Seldom studies are available on trends in stroke incidence in blacks. We aimed to evaluate whether stroke risk prevention policies modified first-ever stroke incidence and outcomes in the black Afro-Caribbean population of Martinique. Etude Réalisée en Martinique et Centrée sur l'Incidence des Accidents Vasculaires Cérébraux (ERMANCIA) I and II are 2 sequential prospective population-based epidemiological studies. There have assessed temporal trends in first-ever stroke incidence, risk factors, pathological types, and early outcomes in the black Afro-Caribbean population of Martinique comparing two 12-month periods (1998-1999 and 2011-2012). Crude and age-standardized incidence and 30-day outcomes for stroke in the 2 study periods were compared using Poisson regression. We identified 580 and 544 first-ever strokes in the 2 studies. World age-standardized incidence rates decreased by 30.6% in overall (111 [95% confidence interval, 102-120] versus 77 [95% confidence interval, 70-84]). Rate decline was greater in women than in men (34% versus 26%) particularly in women aged 65 to 74 years (-69%) and 75 to 84 years (-43%). Frequencies of hypertension and diabetes mellitus were unchanged, whereas dyslipidemia, smoking, and atrial fibrillation significantly increased. Only ischemic stroke types showed significant rate reduction in overall and in women, incidence rate ratio (95% confidence intervals) of 0.69 (0.50-0.97) and 0.61 (0.42-0.88), respectively. The overall 30-day case-fatality ratio remained stable (19.3%/17.6%), whereas a better 30-day outcome was found (modified Rankin Score, ≤2 in 47%/37.6%; P=0.03). Over 13 years, there has been a significant decrease (30.6%) in the age-specific first-ever stroke incidence in our Afro-Carribean population. Although prevention policies seem effective, we need to focus on new risk factors limitation and on male population adherence to prevention program. © 2014 American Heart Association, Inc.

  15. Solid state reactions in mechanically alloyed Al-Y alloy with addition of metal oxides; Al-Y gokin to kinzoku sankabutsu tono mechanical alloying to koso hanno

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Okubo, M. [Nihon University, Tokyo (Japan); Kaneko, J.; Sugamata, M. [Nihon University, Tokyo (Japan). College of Industrial Technology

    1999-12-15

    With a purpose of attesting preferential oxidation of an alloying element which has low solid solubility in aluminum, an Al-5at%Y alloy was mechanically alloyed with or without addition of metal oxides. Y was chosen as an alloying element since it has higher oxidation tendency than Al and a low maximum solid solubility of 0.17mass% in Al. Mechanically alloyed powders were consolidated by hot-extrusion to the P/M materials of which constituent phases, microstructures and mechanical properties were examined. The added oxygen, either from the process control agent or from oxide powders, acted as oxygen sources for internal oxidation, and Y in Al was shown to be preferentially oxidized to Y{sub 2}O{sub 3} and Al{sub 5}Y{sub 3}O{sub 12}. The P/M materials with addition of oxide powders showed high tensile strength of about 600MPa at room temperature. (author)

  16. Management in ekonomija: ali je to dvoje ali eno? (Elementi in razumevanje postocializma in managerske revolucije = Management and Economy: Are They the Same Or Not?

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Tonci Kuzmanic

    2007-03-01

    Full Text Available Author starts from important but suppressed equalisation of economy and management in post socialist and post capitalist circumstances which represents the very essence of post-modern global dominance (globalisation. An attempt to distinguish economy from management is connected with the appearance of neo-liberalism as the central argumentative machinery of management being connected with postmodern type of subjectivity. In comparison with the so-called »objective law« around which economy used to revolve (ideally, of course, management explicitly leaves this terrain and opens itself up to the subjective, even subversive activity at the level of global society. In that sense economy and management are operating on two radically different levels and we could even speak of two different entities which should be analytically distinguished. The very supposition for modern defence with regard to post-modern forms of dominance is exactly a possibility of differentiating between economy and management.

  17. Page 1 Rev. Sci. Technol., Synthese 26: 57 - 64 (2013) D. Ali ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Une augmentation de la teneur en proline est observee dans les plantes traitees ou non par !'hormone la kinetine. Mots cles: ... hormone in plants under stress induced a proportional increase in chlorophyll (a) and (b) with the concentration of used salt. ..... grains and vegetables, Agronomy Journal, Vol. 66,. 412-421.

  18. Development of ferry service on the lower Niger, 1901-1960 | Ali ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    The paper demonstrates colonial government efforts in developing water transportation on the Lower Niger River by maintaining vessels as vehicles of transportation from the beginning of the twentieth century. Government departments were set up at various times to oversee activities of users of the River Niger.

  19. Chemistry of Carbon Rich Star IRAS 15194–5115 A. Ali

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    outer envelope chemistry (Fuente et al. 1998). Early chemical schemes of carbon rich CSEs based on models of interstellar chem- istry were published by Glassgold et al. (1986), Nejad & Millar (1987) and Glassgold et al. (1987). These types of models are in reasonably good agreement with obser- vations, but they could ...

  20. Spatial price efficiency of maize in Bomo State, Nigeria | Ali | Global ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    30. Full Text: EMAIL FULL TEXT EMAIL FULL TEXT · DOWNLOAD FULL TEXT DOWNLOAD FULL TEXT · http://dx.doi.org/10.4314/gjpas.v14i1.16768 · AJOL African Journals Online. HOW TO USE AJOL... for Researchers · for Librarians ...

  1. Autoimmune diseases in Adult Life after Childhood Cancer in Scandinavia (ALiCCS).

    Science.gov (United States)

    Holmqvist, Anna Sällfors; Olsen, Jørgen H; Mellemkjaer, Lene; Garwicz, Stanislaw; Hjorth, Lars; Moëll, Christian; Månsson, Bengt; Tryggvadottir, Laufey; Hasle, Henrik; Winther, Jeanette Falck

    2016-09-01

    The pattern of autoimmune diseases in childhood cancer survivors has not been investigated previously. We estimated the risk for an autoimmune disease after childhood cancer in a large, population-based setting with outcome measures from comprehensive, nationwide health registries. From the national cancer registries of Denmark, Iceland and Sweden, we identified 20 361 1-year survivors of cancer diagnosed before the age of 20 between the start of cancer registration in the 1940s and 1950s through 2008; 125 794 comparison subjects, matched by age, gender and country, were selected from national population registers. Study subjects were linked to the national hospital registers. Standardised hospitalisation rate ratios (SHRRs) and absolute excess risks (AERs) were calculated. Childhood cancer survivors had a significantly increased SHRR of 1.4 (95% CI 1.3 to 1.5) of all autoimmune diseases combined, corresponding to an AER of 67 per 100 000 person-years. The SHRRs were significantly increased for autoimmune haemolytic anaemia (16.3), Addison's disease (13.9), polyarteritis nodosa (5.8), chronic rheumatic heart disease (4.5), localised scleroderma (3.6), idiopathic thrombocytopenic purpura (3.4), Hashimoto's thyroiditis (3.1), pernicious anaemia (2.7), sarcoidosis (2.2), Sjögren's syndrome (2.0) and insulin-dependent diabetes mellitus (1.6). The SHRRs for any autoimmune disease were significantly increased after leukaemia (SHRR 1.6), Hodgkin's lymphoma (1.6), renal tumours (1.6) and central nervous system neoplasms (1.4). Childhood cancer survivors are at increased risk for certain types of autoimmune diseases. These findings underscore the need for prolonged follow-up of these survivors. Published by the BMJ Publishing Group Limited. For permission to use (where not already granted under a licence) please go to http://www.bmj.com/company/products-services/rights-and-licensing/

  2. Pollen morphology and variability of Tulipa hungarica Borb | Ćalić ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Pollen morphology of the endemic species Tulipa hungarica Borb was investigated with the goal of diversity protection and conservation. Morphology of pollen was evaluated using a scanning electron microscopy. Pollen grain was monosulcate with perforate striate exine surface. Also, pollen of T. hungarica showed ...

  3. Ressources urbaines  : un film réalisé par Créville.org.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Marc Dumont

    2008-07-01

    Full Text Available Il est certains sites internet dont on souhaiterait occulter l’existence, tenir méconnue l’ url de référence, par crainte que la publicité qu’on pourrait leur faire ne vienne, à terme, contribuer à saturer l’efficacité tenant aux contenus qu’ils proposent, ni trop abondants ni pas assez. Cédons malgré tout, pour inviter à découvrir (ou redécouvrir un portail de veille d’informations et de documentations scientifiques en matière d’espace, d’aménagement et ...

  4. Chemistry of Carbon Rich Star IRAS 15194–5115 A. Ali

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    From the radio and far-infrared observations given by Ryde et al. (1999), they suggest that the object appears to be a highly evolved AGB-star, but the carbon star properties combined with inferred low 12C/13C ratio make the evolutionary status of this star uncertain. It may have been a J-star for which the 12C/13C ratio has.

  5. Ethnic Relations in Lokoja in the Colonial Period | Ali | Journal of ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Lokoja is situated in the middle belt of Nigeria in the confluence of the Niger and Benue River. It lies on Latitude 7 50 N and Longitude 6 44 E. In this area temperatures are generally high. The highest temperature are usually recorded in the afternoon.1 Lokoja rose to fame due to its location at the confluence of the two great ...

  6. The decline of cash crop economy in the lower Niger 1943-1976 | Ali ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    This action spell doom for agriculture produce export and poverty for producers engaged in the business. Both the Nigerian government and its citizens have been battling to resuscitate agricultural export crop since the late 1970s, but the Nigerian people are already used to petro-dollar economy and the white collar jobs.

  7. Reactive physical vapor deposition of TixAlyN: Integrated plasma-surface modeling characterization

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Zhang Da; Schaeffer, J.K.

    2004-01-01

    Reactive physical vapor deposition (RPVD) has been widely applied in the microelectronic industry for producing thin films. Fundamental understanding of RPVD mechanisms is needed for successful process development due to the high sensitivity of film properties on process conditions. An integrated plasma equipment-target nitridation modeling infrastructure for RPVD has therefore been developed to provide mechanistic insights and assist optimal process design. The target nitridation model computes target nitride coverage based on self-consistently derived plasma characteristics from the plasma equipment model; target sputter yields needed in the plasma equipment model are also self-consistently derived taking into account the yield-suppressing effect from nitridation. The integrated modeling infrastructure has been applied to investigating RPVD processing with a Ti 0.8 Al 0.2 compound target and an Ar/N 2 gas supply. It has been found that the process produces athermal metal neutrals as the primary deposition precursor. The metal stoichiometry in the deposited film is close to the target composition due to the predominance of athermal species in the flux that reaches the substrate. Correlations between process parameters (N 2 flow, target power), plasma characteristics, surface conditions, and deposition kinetics have been studied with the model. The deposition process is characterized by two regimes when the N 2 flow rate is varied. When N 2 is dilute relative to argon, target nitride coverage increases rapidly with increasing N 2 flow. The sputter yield and deposition rate consequently decrease. For less dilute N 2 mixtures, the sputter yield and deposition rate are stable due to the saturation of target nitridation. With increasing target power, the electron density increases nearly linearly while the variation of N generation is much smaller. Target nitridation and its suppression of the sputter yield saturate at high N 2 flow rendering these parameters insensitive to target power variation. The deposition rate, however, increases with target power as a result of the increased ion energy and flux at the target

  8. The relevance of Ali (Earth Deity): Ritual forms and processes in the 21

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    homoreligiosus” has in every age and culture, in his horizontal and vertical relationship with the sacred and the humans, evolved means of communicating and expressing his sentiments and belief patterns. Patent and evocative as they may be, ...

  9. The Cholesterol Lowering Effects of Eurycoma longifolia Jack (Tongkat Ali Root Extract in Male Rats

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ghasak G Faisal

    2017-04-01

    Full Text Available Background: To investigate the effect of Eurycoma longifolia Jack root extract on serum lipids in rats. Methods: Twenty-six mature male albino Wistar rats were used in this study. A group of 18 rats were fed a high fat and high cholesterol diet for 4 weeks, after which their lipid profile was compared to the control group, who were kept on a normal diet. The rats were then further divided into three groups, the Cf group that continued to feed on a high fat and cholesterol diet only, and group A and group B who continued on a high fat diet with the addition of 5 mg/kg and 10 mg/kg of Eurycoma longifolia Jack root extract respectively for 4 weeks. After the 4 week period, the rat's lipid profiles were analysed again. Results: Group A and B showed significant total cholesterol reduction when compared to the Cf group, 140 ± 7.23, 139.63 ± 7.95, 192.14 ± 8.96 mg/dL respectively (p < 0.001. The total cholesterol/HDL ratio in group A was 5 however there was a sharp increase in group B to a high-risk level of 9.2 indicating a significant drop in HDL levels. The LDL level increased significantly in both group A and B compared to the Cf group. Conclusions: Eurycoma longifolia Jack root extract is effective in lowering total cholesterol, however the dose needs to be adjusted to prevent an excessive decrease in HDL levels.

  10. The Cholesterol Lowering Effects of Eurycoma Longifolia Jack (Tongkat Ali) Root Extract in Male Rats

    OpenAIRE

    Ghasak G Faisal; Ghazi F Najmuldeen; Zurainie Abllah; Ali S Radeef

    2017-01-01

    Background: To investigate the effect of Eurycoma longifolia Jack root extract on serum lipids in rats. Methods: Twenty-six mature male albino Wistar rats were used in this study. A group of 18 rats were fed a high fat and high cholesterol diet for 4 weeks, after which their lipid profile was compared to the control group, who were kept on a normal diet. The rats were then further divided into three groups, the Cf group that continued to feed on a high fat and cholesterol diet only, and group...

  11. LC-MS/MS-based metabolites of Eurycoma longifolia (Tongkat Ali) in Malaysia (Perak and Pahang).

    Science.gov (United States)

    Chua, Lee Suan; Amin, Nor Amaiza Mohd; Neo, Jason Chun Hong; Lee, Ting Hun; Lee, Chew Tin; Sarmidi, Mohamad Roji; Aziz, Ramlan Abdul

    2011-12-15

    A number of three LC-MS/MS hybrid systems (QTof, TripleTof and QTrap) has been used to profile small metabolites (m/z 100-1000) and to detect the targeted metabolites such as quassinoids, alkaloids, triterpene and biphenylneolignans from the aqueous extracts of Eurycoma longifolia. The metabolite profiles of small molecules showed four significant clusters in the principle component analysis for the aqueous extracts of E. longifolia, which had been collected from different geographical terrains (Perak and Pahang) and processed at different extraction temperatures (35°C and 100°C). A small peptide of leucine (m/z 679) and a new hydroxyl methyl β-carboline propionic acid have been identified to differentiate E. longifolia extracts that prepared at 35°C and 100°C, respectively. From the targeted metabolites identification, it was found that 3,4ɛ-dihydroeurycomanone (quassinoids) and eurylene (squalene-type triterpene) could only be detected in the Pahang extract, whereas canthin-6-one-3N-oxide could only be detected in the Perak extract. Overall, quassinoids were present in the highest concentration, particularly eurycomanone and its derivatives compared to the other groups of metabolites. However, the concentration of canthin-6-one and β-carboline alkaloids was significantly increased when the roots of the plant samples were extracted at 100°C. Copyright © 2011 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.

  12. The Production of 9-methoxycanthin-6-one from Callus Cultures of (Eurycoma longifolia Jack) Tongkat Ali.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Maziah, Mahmood; Rosli, Noormi

    2009-01-01

    Plant cell culture technology is potentially useful in producing high-valued secondary metabolites. Eurycoma longifolia root extracts are consumed as a health tonic but more popularly used as an aphrodisiac. Studies on the aphrodisiac properties and the possible compounds involved have been widely studied. There are many potentially useful compounds reported from the root extracts of E. longifolia. However, studies on the in vitro production of useful compounds from this plant have not been reported. This chapter will describe methods of callus induction and extraction of 9-methoxycanthin-6-one from E. longifolia Jack explants with emphasis on the tap and fibrous roots. This compound, known to have anti-tumour activity, is present in intact plant parts and in callus tissues of different explants.

  13. The role of public library services in societal empowerment | Ali | IFE ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    This could be because they seem not to believe that libraries have vital roles to play in influencing the standard of living of the societies they serve, by way of adequate provision of information. This paper therefore highlights and discuses some agents of poverty; It also examines some poverty eradication measures already ...

  14. Magnetic ordering in PrBa2Cu3-yAlyO6+x

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Longmore, A.; Boothroyd, A.T.; Chen, C.K.

    1996-01-01

    The magnetic ordering in single crystals of PrBa2CU3O6+x has been investigated by elastic neutron scattering over the full range of temperatures for reduced and oxygenated crystals. The crystals were grown in alumina crucibles and therefore contained dissolved aluminum on the Cu(1) site. Both...... aluminum and oxygen contents were analyzed in detail in order to establish their effects on the magnetic ordering, Our crystals exhibited Pr ordering and the two types of antiferromagnetic Cu ordering frequently reported in related compounds, but our results differ in several respects from previous studies...... axis, we find the moment to be aligned well away from the c axis, in agreement with recent Yb-170(3+) Mossbauer spectroscopy results. Ridges of scattering indicative of 2D magnetic ordering were seen in both oxygenated and reduced crystals, though we believe different magnetic moments are responsible...

  15. The preservation of hadith | Ali-Agan | Ilorin Journal of Religious ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    In spite of the authenticity of the two opposing set of Traditions on the recording of hadith , this paper argues in favour of the conservation of the hadith during the Prophetic era by lending weight to the great enthusiasm that was displayed by the Sahabah, individually and collectively, in the recording and the preservation of ...

  16. Development of Resource Sharing System Components for AliEn Grid Infrastructure

    CERN Document Server

    Harutyunyan, Artem

    2010-01-01

    The problem of the resource provision, sharing, accounting and use represents a principal issue in the contemporary scientific cyberinfrastructures. For example, collaborations in physics, astrophysics, Earth science, biology and medicine need to store huge amounts of data (of the order of several petabytes) as well as to conduct highly intensive computations. The appropriate computing and storage capacities cannot be ensured by one (even very large) research center. The modern approach to the solution of this problem suggests exploitation of computational and data storage facilities of the centers participating in collaborations. The most advanced implementation of this approach is based on Grid technologies, which enable effective work of the members of collaborations regardless of their geographical location. Currently there are several tens of Grid infrastructures deployed all over the world. The Grid infrastructures of CERN Large Hadron Collider experiments - ALICE, ATLAS, CMS, and LHCb which are exploi...

  17. The concept of Al-Istita c ah and Hajj sponsorship in Nigeria | Ali ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    It is a common knowledge that the pillars of Islam, as ordained by Allah and explained by the Prophet, are five. ... political jamboree, tourist attraction and international trade fair centre, whereby each State and local Governments in the Federation compete in a wanton display of reckless spending of public funds on the ...

  18. Is surfactant a promising additive drug in ALI/ARDS-patients?

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Schultz, Marcus J.; Kesecioglu, Jozef

    2004-01-01

    The rationale for surfactant replacement therapy in patients with acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS) is to restore the normal composition of the surfactant system, as well as to overcome ongoing inactivation of present surfactant. Indeed, surfactant replacement therapy call normalize the

  19. Is surfactant a promising additive drug in ALI/ARDS-patients?

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Schultz, MJ; Kesecioglu, J

    The rationale for surfactant replacement therapy in patients with acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS) is to restore the normal composition of the surfactant system, as well as to overcome ongoing inactivation of present surfactant. Indeed, surfactant replacement therapy call normalize the

  20. Ali et al., Afr J Tradit Complement Altern Med. (2015) 12(2):149-154 ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Proff.Adewunmi

    Background: Fenugreek (Trigonella foenum graecum L) is receiving global attention as a functional food due to its unique nutritional and medicinal properties ... These fibrous components bind to the toxins present in food and help to protect the colon mucus membrane from cancer causing .... condition, agricultural. Table 1: ...

  1. Trade and inter-group relations in the lower Niger 1830-1960 | Ali ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    This study focuses on trade and intergroup relations in the Lower Niger in the period 1830-1960. Trade constitutes an integral aspect of communal relationship in the Lower Niger region from 1830 to 1960. The objective of the study is to show how the people of the Lower Niger related with each other in trade and other ...

  2. Įvairių šalių audito patirties lyginamoji analizė

    OpenAIRE

    Lukauskaitė, Judita

    2006-01-01

    Veiklos auditas – nauja viešojo sektoriaus institucijų veiklos kontrolės forma, analizuojanti ne finansinį tam tikros institucijos, o būtent veiklos, rezultatų pasiekimo aspektą, pasaulyje atsiradusi apie 1979 metus. Lietuva – jauna valstybė, neturinti itin daug viešojo sektoriaus institucijų veiklos audito patirties bei tradicijų šioje srityje, nėra ir pakankamai teisės aktų, reglamentuojančių veiklos audito procesą, taigi išsiaiškinti, išanalizuoti ir pritaikyti praktikoje kitų pasaulio val...

  3. 124 The Relevance of Ali (Earth Deity): Ritual Forms And Processes ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Tracie1

    , evolved means of communicating and expressing his sentiments and belief ...... slaughtered and their blood are allowed to drain into the hole and then covered with earth. With this ritual, the earth has now been cleansed. The remains of the ...

  4. Promotion de l'évaluation d'impact réalisée ...

    International Development Research Centre (IDRC) Digital Library (Canada)

    The convergence of two factors - the distribution of personal laptops to students and the redesign of gaming software for educational purposes - provides a unique opportunity to test new ideas. This highly ..... They will endeavor to understand how impunity works, affects citizens' rights and contributes to the cycle of violence.

  5. Ahmad Farooq see Iqbal Naseer, 373 Ali Syed Salman Study of a ...

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    Since January 2016, the Journal of Astrophysics and Astronomy has moved to Continuous Article Publishing (CAP) mode. This means that each accepted article is being published immediately online with DOI and article citation ID with starting page number 1. Articles are also visible in Web of Science immediately.

  6. BIOSKETCH Andrej Šali received his BSc degree in chemistry from ...

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    Savitha Sekhar Nair

    Birkbeck College, University of London, UK, in 1991, under the supervision of Professor Tom L. Blundell, where he developed the MODELLER program for comparative modeling of protein structures. He was then a postdoc with Professor Martin. Karplus at Harvard University as a Jane Coffin Childs Memorial. Fund fellow ...

  7. Revalence of Hearing Loss and the Related Factors in BuAli Hospital

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Shohreh Jalaei

    2004-06-01

    Full Text Available Objective:Determining the prevalence of hearing loss and correlated factors in clients referring to audiology clinic of Buali hospital. Method and Material: This cross-sectional analytic-descriptive survery was carried out on six thousand and twenty ears of 3010 clients (1651 ,a;e amd 1359 female in Audiology clinic of Buali hospital , during Sept 2000 to Sept 2001. Results: Hearing loss is the most common reason for referring the clients (20.5%. 1319 ears (21.9% Showed sensorineural hearing impairment and conductive and mixed hearing loss are observed in 1059 (17.6% and 234 (3.9% ears, respectedly. Hearing loss degree most cases is mild (14% in both ears. There is no significant difference between male and female hearing threshold means (p>0.05 ‘ but a significant difference between hearing thresholds is observed in terms of age (p<0.05. Audiogram configuration in most cases is flat (55.1%. Otoscopic examination reveals abnormal condition in 2333 ears (38.8% . 37.2% of the studied cases have abnormal tympanogram mostly type B (15.9%. 2.2% of the clients wear hearing aid that mostly have B.T.E ones (1.5%. 6.2% of the clients , depends on their hearing impairment type and degree need rehabilitation services. Conclusion: The results are Valid only in the context of this study and it’s generaliztion needs further researches.

  8. Cycle multiplicity of total graph of Cn, Pn, and K1,n | Ali ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Cycle multiplicity of a graph G is the maximum number of edge disjoint cycles in G. In this paper, we find the cycle multiplicity of total graph of cycles Cn, paths Pn, and star graph K1,n respectively. Keywords: cycle multiplicity, total graph, cycle, path, star graph.

  9. Trženjski splet v ekonomski teoriji ali "chamberlinovih" 4p

    OpenAIRE

    Lah, Marko

    2014-01-01

    Prispevek obravnava korenine trženjske teorije 4P oziroma njenih posameznih elementov v delu ekonomista Edwarda H. Chamberlina. Trženjsko videnje Chamberlinove teorije monopolistične konkurence, kar je jedrnato prikazano s "Chamberlinovo" tabelo 4P - pokaže, da je Chamberlina mogoče videti kot začetnika teorije 4P. Takšen pristop izpostavlja pomen Chamberlinove kratkoročne analize oziroma - v trženjskem jeziku - ohranjanja kratkoročnih konkurenčnih prednosti podjetja, ki nastajajo zaradi učin...

  10. Fabrication Of Cu 2 O Backwall Schottky Barrier Solar Cell | Ali ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Simple and less economical method of determing the mass of Cu2O on Cu as well as the thickness of Cu2O on Cu was investigated. The variations of open circuit, voltage, Voc, resistivity, and short circuit, current, Isc with the thickness of Cu2O on Cu were investigated. The best Voc (93.05mV) obtained in this study was for ...

  11. Structural and optical characterization of AlyInxGa1-x-yN quantum dots

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Perez-Solorzano, V.; Groening, A.; Schweizer, H.; Jetter, M.

    2006-01-01

    Al y In x Ga 1-x-y N quantum dots have been grown by MOVPE on (0001) sapphire substrates. We investigated the dependence of the self-assembled quantum dot density and height on the growth conditions: the growth temperature, the amount of deposited material, and the growth rate interruption. A maximum dot density of 4 x 10 10 cm -2 was achieved. The optical properties were studied after overgrowing of the QDs with a GaN cap layer. We observed very intense luminescence in the region between 2.4 and 2.8 eV and decay times of 1.8 ns under resonant excitation. (copyright 2006 WILEY-VCH Verlag GmbH and Co. KGaA, Weinheim) (orig.)

  12. Ali Kaushar Chemistry of snow and lake water in Antarctic region ...

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    see Dutta Suryendu. 711. Schneider Jens see Ramkumar Mu. 1. Sen P N see Chaudhari H S. 603. Seshunarayana T see Reddy G K. 745. Shah Shivani. Verification of cloud cover forecast with INSAT observation over western India. 775. Sharma A K. Comparative study of MLT mean winds using MF radars located at 16.8.

  13. BIOSKETCH Andrej Šali received his BSc degree in chemistry from ...

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    Savitha Sekhar Nair

    , Slovenia, in 1987; and his PhD from. Birkbeck College, University of London, UK, in 1991, under the supervision of Professor Tom L. Blundell, where he developed the MODELLER program for comparative modeling of protein structures.

  14. Aspect physico-chimique et biochimique Assia Amri, Ali Ladjama et ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    solution de miel et le titrage de retour avec de l'acide sulfurique (0,05 N) [6]. La mesure de la teneur en HMF. (Hydroxyméthylfurfural) est basée sur la réaction entre la solution de miel et des solutions de la p-toluidine et l'acide barbiturique et l'absorbance résultante est mesurée par rapport à un blanc à. 550 nm[4].

  15. Studying the potential role of ALIS proteins on the functionality of ALA2

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Lopez Marques, Rosa Laura; Poulsen, Lisbeth Rosager; Meffert, Katharina

    The plant P4-ATPase ALA2 is involved in flipping of phosphatidylserine analogues Rosa Laura López-Marqués1, Lisbeth Rosager Poulsen1, Katharina Meffert2, Thomas Pomorski2, Michael Gjedde Palmgren1 1Centre for Membrane Pumps in Cells and Disease - PUMPKIN, Danish National Research Foundation...

  16. العلامة السيد أبو القاسم رضي الدين علي بن موسى بن جعفر الحسني المعروف بابن طاووس(589هـ 664هـ ومنهجه في كتاب (سعد السعود للنفوس Alalmaa ALSayyed Abu al-Qasim Radhi al-Din Ali ibn Musa ibn Jaafar al-Hassani known as Ibn Tawoos (589 Ah 664 Ah And His method in the book (Saad Al Saud of souls

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Dr. Mohmed Abbass Noemman Aljobry أ.م.د. محمد عباس نعمان الجبوري

    2012-06-01

    Full Text Available Praise be to Allah who created man, aware man of the statement, and peace and blessings on the pillow creatures Muhammad and his Generous family, and after: Jurists and scholars alive in the hearts and thoughts of the faithful and if they departed this world, their careers and their works live what remains forever, they are sponsored by it for the hearts and neighborhoods of hearts, that Mr. Radhi al-Din Ali bin Tawoos (God's mercy Beauty walk and role models who know her place above the level of the mind, knowledge is infinite factor the satisfaction of God Almighty Mahtata so most reservists, pride of Hilla city, his efforts to raise the nation and Asaaffha, and access to the height of greatness and integrity through Asudaih of tips and guidance gained from his grandfather and Ram and his father and his life. know religion his main concern and suggesting that arguments and evidence relied upon, teaches others how to derive rulings of the conversations of the Prophet (them blessings and peace. wrote books have scientific value and features Balothaqh text transfer in a topping books written in his time. His books (Saad Al Saud of souls have ways a new kind of authorship in this book, the first mention of suspicions and discussed and the response based on evidence and arguments. Vmnahjah Mr. Saad Saud book include the following: the oath on two fronts: Part One: Transfer of Qurans binoculars and Rabat Mecca. Part II: What transfer of interpretations of the Koran and the specialty, has explained in detail the methodology on which the book was keeping conclusion to reach the most important included in the search results.

  17. Évaluer les progrès réalisés | CRDI - Centre de recherches pour le ...

    International Development Research Centre (IDRC) Digital Library (Canada)

    3 nov. 2010 ... Kenya : De la viande qui fait « bizz ». Quand la professeure Monica Ayieko fait frire des termites ou des criquets dans le laboratoire de l'université de science et technologie Jaramogi O. Voir davantageKenya : De la viande qui fait « bizz » ...

  18. Une situation bénéfique à tous : davantage de recherches réalisées ...

    International Development Research Centre (IDRC) Digital Library (Canada)

    6 avr. 2009 ... 3 hommes qui travaillent sur le projet Zipline uses drone technology au Rwanda. Photo : Sarah Farhat / Banque mondiale. Les changements climatiques, la crise financière, le sida et le SRAS le démontrent clairement : aujourd'hui, de nombreux problèmes ne connaissent pas de frontières. Ils représentent ...

  19. JGME-ALiEM Hot Topics in Medical Education: Analysis of a Multimodal Online Discussion About Team-Based Learning.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Riddell, Jeff; Patocka, Catherine; Lin, Michelle; Sherbino, Jonathan

    2017-02-01

    Team-based learning (TBL) is an instructional method that is being increasingly incorporated in health professions education, although use in graduate medical education (GME) has been more limited. To curate and describe themes that emerged from a virtual journal club discussion about TBL in GME, held across multiple digital platforms, while also evaluating the use of social media in online academic discussions. The Journal of Graduate Medical Education ( JGME ) and the Academic Life in Emergency Medicine blog facilitated a weeklong, open-access, virtual journal club on the 2015 JGME article "Use of Team-Based Learning Pedagogy for Internal Medicine Ambulatory Resident Teaching." Using 4 stimulus questions (hosted on a blog as a starting framework), we facilitated discussions via the blog, Twitter, and Google Hangouts on Air platforms. We evaluated 2-week web analytics and performed a thematic analysis of the discussion. The virtual journal club reached a large international audience as exemplified by the blog page garnering 685 page views from 241 cities in 42 countries. Our thematic analysis identified 4 domains relevant to TBL in GME: (1) the benefits and barriers to TBL; (2) the design of teams; (3) the role of assessment and peer evaluation; and (4) crowdsourced TBL resources. The virtual journal club provided a novel forum across multiple social media platforms, engaging authors, content experts, and the health professions education community in a discussion about the importance, impediments to implementation, available resources, and logistics of adopting TBL in GME.

  20. 10 CFR Appendix B to Part 20 - Annual Limits on Intake (ALIs) and Derived Air Concentrations (DACs) of Radionuclides for...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ..., where 2×104 ml is the volume of air breathed per minute at work by “Reference Man” under working conditions of “light work.” The DAC values relate to one of two modes of exposure: either external submersion.... Derived air concentrations based upon submersion are for immersion in a semi-infinite cloud of uniform...

  1. Role of Complement C5 in Experimental Blunt Chest Trauma-Induced Septic Acute Lung Injury (ALI.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Miriam Kalbitz

    Full Text Available Severe blunt chest trauma is associated with high mortality. Sepsis represents a serious risk factor for mortality in acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS. In septic patients with ARDS complement activation products were found to be elevated in the plasma. In single models like LPS or trauma complement has been studied to some degree, however in clinically highly relevant double hit models such as the one used here little data is available. Here, we hypothesized that absence of C5 is correlated with a decreased inflammatory response in trauma induced septic acute lung injury.12 hrs after DH in mice the local and systemic cytokines and chemokines were quantified by multiplex bead array or ELISA, activated caspase-3 by western blot. Data were analyzed using one-way ANOVA followed by post-hoc Sidak's multiple comparison test (significance, p≤ 0.05.In lung tissue interleukin (IL-6, monocyte chemo attractant protein-1 (MCP-1 and granulocyte-colony stimulating factor (G-CSF was elevated in both C5-/- mice and wildtype littermates (wt, whereas caspase-3 was reduced in lungs after DH in C5-/- mice. Systemically, reduced keratinocyte-derived chemokine (KC levels were observed after DH in C5-/- compared to wt mice. Locally, lung myeloperoxidase (MPO, protein, IL-6, MCP-1 and G-CSF in brochoalveolar lavage fluid (BALF were elevated after DH in C5-/- compared to wt.In the complex but clinically relevant DH model the local and systemic inflammatory immune response features both, C5-dependent and C5-independent characteristics. Activation of caspase-3 in lung tissue after DH was C5-dependent whereas local inflammation in lung tissue was C5-independent.

  2. Recours aux cultures céréalières traditionnelles pour améliorer la ...

    International Development Research Centre (IDRC) Digital Library (Canada)

    ... ce qui crée des emplois sur place et aide les femmes à offrir des produits transformés nutritifs ayant de meilleures possibilités de mise en marché. Cette approche, qui contribue à l'amélioration de la qualité de vie des petits agriculteurs, fait partie intégrante d'une solution durable à la pauvreté en milieu rural en Inde.

  3. Recours aux cultures céréalières traditionnelles pour améliorer la ...

    International Development Research Centre (IDRC) Digital Library (Canada)

    Hand book for school children : importance of millets in daily diets for food and nutrition security [appendix 11 of the joint technical final report (October 2010 - March 2013)]. Reports. Presented posters [appendix 10 of the joint technical final report (October 2010 - March 2013)]. Reports. Millet delicacies : enhancing food ...

  4. Recours aux cultures céréalières traditionnelles pour améliorer la ...

    International Development Research Centre (IDRC) Digital Library (Canada)

    Urging policy formulation on millets : an indispensable source of nutrition for Poraja, Kandha and Penthia tribal communities in Kundra Block, Odisha, India. Téléchargez le PDF. Articles de revue. Newspaper cuttings [appendix 9 of the joint technical final report (October 2010 - March 2013)]. Téléchargez le PDF. Articles de ...

  5. Effects of methyl-jasmonate on 9-methoxycanthin-6-one content in Eurycoma longifolia (Tongkat Ali) root culture

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Chee, F.M.; Rathinam, X.; Danial, M.

    2015-01-01

    Eurycoma longifolia is a flowering plant from the Simaroubaceae family and it has been identified as one of the most intriguing medicinal plants in Malaysia. In the present study, the production of 9-methoxycanthin-6-one, an alkaloid compound was determined with various methyl-jasmonate (MeJA) concentrations using root culture via liquid system. Quantification of 9-methoxycanthin-6-one was confirmed by using thin layer chromatography (TLC) and high performance liquid chromatography (HPLC). Quantitative analysis using HPLC displayed highest concentration of 9-methoxycanthin-6- one content in the absence of MeJA treatment (control) followed by increasing concentrations of MeJA (1, 10 and 100 micro M). Microanatomical analysis using Scanning Electron Microscope (SEM) has shown that root hair morphology of E.longifolia does not change significantly, whereas roots hair displayed rough surfaces with increases MeJA concentrations. Therefore, MeJA is not a suitable elicitor to increase 9-methoxycanthin-6-one compound in E. lon. (author)

  6. Recours aux cultures céréalières traditionnelles pour améliorer la ...

    International Development Research Centre (IDRC) Digital Library (Canada)

    Studies. Physico-chemical and sensory evaluation of commercial chakli and developed little millet (Panicum sumatrense) chakli [appendix 3 of the joint technical final report (October 2010 - March 2013)]. 52742. Studies. Nutritional and functional properties of popped little millet (Panicum sumatrense) [appendix 2 of the joint ...

  7. Vladimir Nabokov, un exemple d’aliénation créatrice Vladimir Nabokov, an Instance of Creative Alienation

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Marie Bouchet

    2009-06-01

    Full Text Available The terms “strange” and “stranger” derive from extraneus, a Latin word literally meaning “outside of”. This article proposes to examine the notions of distance and limit which shape the consciousness of a foreigner / outsider—Vladimir Nabokov. Nabokov lost his native land when he was 18, and was condemned to remain a stranger in a foreign land. In his fiction, many “estranged” characters are to be found, especially as main focalizers or first-person narrators. The present article thus demonstrates how the concept of frontier is crucial to interpreting such alien status: these characters are forever estranged, due to geographical borders, temporal distances or linguistic barriers. Nabokov, himself a trilingual writer, challenged the very idea of a foreign language. His English, which he claimed was merely “second rate”, is indeed quite different from the style of American classics, yet it has a unique poetic flavor. Maybe because he “did not think in any language, but in images”, his condition as a foreigner was not felt as alienating. Contrary to most of his characters, hybridization seems to have been a powerful element inspiring his artistic impulse, as illustrated in his extraordinary linguistic virtuosity and his constant playing on words. Similarly, the repeated inclusion of other semiotic codes (painting, photography, advertisements,… shows that by playing with limits and the interpenetration of familiar and strange(r elements, Nabokov found a creative alternative to the usually alienating condition of being a foreigner.

  8. FREKUENSI GEN CUPING MELEKAT, ALIS MENYAMBUNG, LESUNG PIPI DAN LIDAH MENGGULUNG PADA MASYARAKAT DESA SUBAYA, KECAMATAN KINTAMANI, KABUPATEN BANGLI

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Yulia Mirayanti

    2017-03-01

    Full Text Available This study was conducted to find out the determinant allele frequencies and variations of characteristics of face and earlobe, based on the presence or absence of attached earlobes, connected eyebrows (unibrow, dimples, and tongue-rolling on Subaya village people, Kintamani, Bangli. In this study, 100 samples of proband (67 men and 33 women as the research data were tested by using Chi-Square Test. Then, the data were analyzed by pedigree diagram to each family. The results of study show that 19% of people have the characteristic of attached earlobes, 12% of people have the characteristic of connected eyebrows, 7% of people have the characteristic of dimples, and 16% of people have the characteristic of tongue-rolling. The highest gene frequency value is the characteristic of attached earlobes (0,43, then, followed by the characteristics of connected eyebrows (0,34 and tongue-rolling (0,084 as well as the lowest gene frequency is the characteristic of dimples (0,036. Keywords: autosomal inheritance, genetic variation, Subaya village, inbreeding

  9. Browse Author Index

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Habori, M · Al-Hakimi, MS · Al-Raway, AM · Al-Rifai, MF · Al-Saadany, MM · Alaziz Gaber, OA · Alfayomi, Ghada · Alghasham, AA · Alhadad, O · Ali, E · Ali, E M · Ali, Ehab MM · Ali, Ehab MM · Ali, EMM · Ali, Heba Said · Ali, M

  10. BAROMETRIC PRESSURE and Other Data from ALIS and Other Platforms From TOGA Area - Pacific (30 N to 30 S) from 19921111 to 19921205 (NODC Accession 9500027)

    Data.gov (United States)

    National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, Department of Commerce — The Conductivity, Temperature and Depth (CTD) and other water chemistry data were collected as part of Tropical Ocean Global Atmosphere and Coupled Ocean Atmosphere...

  11. Exposure to Sodium Dichromate at Qarmat Ali Iraq in 2003: Part 2 -- Evaluation of Army and Contractor Actions Related to Hazardous Industrial Exposure

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-09-28

    in the early morning from village getting to be a daily ritual ,” and that the activity posed no apparent problem for the site. While acknowledging...drinking, bathing and cooking by uniformed persons….” Documentation of a June 25 site visit indicates that TF RIO representatives may have been aware that

  12. The occurrence of arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi in soil and root of medicinal plants in Bu-Ali Sina garden in Hamadan, Iran

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ali Akbar Safari Sinegani

    2017-01-01

    Full Text Available Introduction: The study of symbiotic relationship between arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi (AMF and medicinal plants is very important. Information about the symbiosis of medicinal plant species with AMF in the semi-arid regions of Iran is rare. This information allows increasing knowledge of the biology and ecology of these plant species. Materials and methods: The existence of AM symbiosis in 48 medicinal plant species (belonging to 9 families was studied by root staining. Soil around the root of each species was sampled and analyzed for all soil properties which may be interrelated to AM symbiosis. The importance of different soil properties in AMF and plant biological relationship and the dependency of root colonization and spore formation by AMF on soil properties were statistically analyzed. Results: Among them Lepidium sativum, Brassica oleracea, Cheiranthus cheiri, Beta vulgaris, Spinacia oleracea, Malva sylvestris, Zygophyllum fabago, Arctium Lappa have not been colonized by AM fungi. Colonization and spore density of perennial plants were slightly higher than those of annual plants and were varied among different plant families. Soil texture and available phosphorous were the most important soil properties affecting fungal root colonization and spore numbers. Discussion and conclusion: Although in accordance with other researches, most of the medicinal plants from Brassicaceae family had no mycorrhizal symbiosis, a few of them had this type of symbiosis. Dependency of spore formation by AM fungi on soil properties was higher than dependency of root colonization percentage on soil properties. Increasing root colonization and spore numbers with increasing the percentage of sand and decreasing the percentage of clay and available phosphorous in soils show that plants are more depended on mycorrhizal symbiosis in hard environments and less productive soils.

  13. First principles study of structural, elastic, electronic and magnetic properties of Mn-doped AlY (Y=N, P, As) compounds

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Sajjad, M. [School of Electronic Engineering, Beijing University of Posts and Telecommunications, Beijing 100876 (China); Alay-e-Abbas, S.M. [Department of Physics, University of Sargodha, Sargodha 40100 (Pakistan); Department of Physics, Government College University, Faisalabad, Allama Iqbal Road, Faisalabad 38000 (Pakistan); Zhang, H.X. [School of Electronic Engineering, Beijing University of Posts and Telecommunications, Beijing 100876 (China); Beijing Key Laboratory of Work Safety Intelligent Monitoring (Beijing University of Posts and Telecommunications), Beijing 100876 (China); Noor, N.A. [Centre for High Energy Physics, University of the Punjab, Quaid-e-Azam Campus, 54590 Lahore (Pakistan); Saeed, Y. [Department of Physics, Government College University, Faisalabad, Allama Iqbal Road, Faisalabad 38000 (Pakistan); Shakir, Imran [Deanship of scientific research, College of Engineering, King Saud University, P. O. BOX 800, Riyadh 11421 (Saudi Arabia); Shaukat, A., E-mail: schaukat@gmail.com [Department of Physics, University of Sargodha, Sargodha 40100 (Pakistan)

    2015-09-15

    We investigate zinc-blende phase Al{sub 0.75}Mn{sub 0.25}Y (Y=N, P, As) compounds using full-potential linear-augmented-plane wave plus local-orbital method. For computing structural and elastic properties the Generalized Gradient Approximation (GGA) has been used; whereas the electronic and magnetic properties are examined at the optimized GGA lattice parameters by employing modified Becke and Johnson local density approximation. All these compounds are found to be stable in ferromagnetic ordering in the zinc-blende structure which is supported by the computed elastic constants. The nature of electronic band structure are calculated and the nature of band gaps in the doped system is analyzed. The results are examined to identify exchange mechanism which is the main source of introducing ferromagnetism in the compounds under investigation. Spin charge density contour plots in the (1 1 0) plane and the evaluation of s–p and p–d exchange constants (N{sub 0}α and N{sub 0}β) are evaluated for understanding bonding and exchange splitting process, respectively. - Highlights: • Spin-polarized DFT investigation Mn-doped AlN, AlP and AlAs is reported. • Structrual and elastic properites are computed for evaluating stability. • mBJLDA used for appropriate treatment of d states of Mn for electronic properties. • Half metallicity, ferromagnetic stability and exchange constants are evaluated.

  14. Barriers of the Development of Web-Based Training in Agricultural Higher Education System in Iran: A Case Study of Hamadan Bu Ali Sina University, Iran

    Science.gov (United States)

    Saadi, Heshmatollah; Mirzayi, Khalil; Movahedi, Reza

    2016-01-01

    Recently, higher education systems seek to use network-based and Internet-based information technologies in education, teaching and learning. E-learning in Iran higher education system has been started since 2003, however, its development has been very slow. The present study is a survey research. The participants of the study are faculty members,…

  15. Clinical evaluation of dermatophytosis in patients referred to dermatologic department of Bu-Ali Sina Hospital in Qazvin in Iran 2004-2005

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mohammad Reza Aghamirian

    2007-02-01

    Full Text Available Background: Dermatophytosis is a prevalent mycologic skin disease which is a widespread important health problem in the world. The ecology and etiology of the disease are important issues for its control. Methods: In a descriptive study, 341 patients with suspected dermatophytosis were examined over a period of one year (2004-2005. Skin, hair and nail samples were evaluated by to direct microscopic examination using potassium hydroxide (KOH the specimens were cultured in sabouraud dextrose agar. In some cases, differential tests such as corn meal agar, urease and hair perforation were used for recognizing the isolated dermatophytes. Results: A total of 116 dermatophytes (34% were isolated. Tinea cruris (31.9% was the most common type of infection, followed by tinea corporis (20.7%, tinea pedis (19%, tinea unguium (11.2%, tinea faciei (7.7%, tinea manuum (5.2%, tinea capitis (4.3%. Epidermophyton floccosum was the most frequent isolated dermatophyte (32.8%. Also Dermatophytosis was more frequent in male gender. Conclusion: The anthropophilic species, E. floccosum, was the most common causative dermatophyte of tinea in Qazvin and the most common clinical type of dermatophytosis was Tinea cruris.

  16. Une enquête réalisée en Jamaïque contribue à améliorer la santé ...

    International Development Research Centre (IDRC) Digital Library (Canada)

    23 mai 2012 ... Des campagnes de sensibilisation privilégiant une langue claire ont été lancées pour avertir les femmes des facteurs qui pourraient comporter un risque pour une mère ou son enfant. De plus, quand les unités de soins comptant des obstétriciens et des pédiatres sont devenues surpeuplées du fait de leur ...

  17. La réduction des pesticides ne pèse pas sur la rentabilité des exploitations céréalières

    OpenAIRE

    2017-01-01

    Glyphosate, néonicotinoïdes, acaricide… Ces substances sont presque aussi nocives que leurs noms sont difficiles à prononcer. Elles effraient en tout cas de plus en plus les consommateurs, qui ne veulent plus de ces produits dans leur assiette. Plus grosse utilisatrice de pesticides en Europe, la France s’est donc donné pour objectif de réduire de moitié le recours aux intrants dans les pratiques agricoles d’ici à 2025. Alors que l’interdiction de l’épandage aérien est en vigueur depuis le mo...

  18. Development of Chromatographic Fingerprints of Eurycoma longifolia (Tongkat Ali Roots Using Online Solid Phase Extraction-Liquid Chromatography (SPE-LC

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Nor Nasriah Zaini

    2016-04-01

    Full Text Available E. longifolia is attracting interest due to its pharmacological properties and pro-vitality effects. In this study, an online SPE-LC approach using polystyrene divinyl benzene (PSDVB and C18 columns was developed in obtaining chromatographic fingerprints of E. longifolia. E. longifolia root samples were extracted using pressurized liquid extraction (PLE technique prior to online SPE-LC. The effects of mobile phase compositions and column switching time on the chromatographic fingerprint were optimized. Validation of the developed method was studied based on eurycomanone. Linearity was in the range of 5 to 50 µg∙mL−1 (r2 = 0.997 with 3.2% relative standard deviation of peak area. The developed method was used to analyze 14 E. longifolia root samples and 10 products (capsules. Selected chemometric techniques: cluster analysis (CA, discriminant analysis (DA, and principal component analysis (PCA were applied to the fingerprint datasets of 37 selected peaks to evaluate the ability of the chromatographic fingerprint in classifying quality of E. longifolia. Three groups were obtained using CA. DA yielded 100% correlation coefficient with 19 discriminant compounds. Using PCA, E. longifolia root samples were clearly discriminated from the products. This study showed that the developed online SPE-LC method was able to provide comprehensive evaluation of E. longifolia samples for quality control purposes.

  19. Development of Chromatographic Fingerprints of Eurycoma longifolia (Tongkat Ali) Roots Using Online Solid Phase Extraction-Liquid Chromatography (SPE-LC).

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zaini, Nor Nasriah; Osman, Rozita; Juahir, Hafizan; Saim, Norashikin

    2016-04-30

    E. longifolia is attracting interest due to its pharmacological properties and pro-vitality effects. In this study, an online SPE-LC approach using polystyrene divinyl benzene (PSDVB) and C18 columns was developed in obtaining chromatographic fingerprints of E. longifolia. E. longifolia root samples were extracted using pressurized liquid extraction (PLE) technique prior to online SPE-LC. The effects of mobile phase compositions and column switching time on the chromatographic fingerprint were optimized. Validation of the developed method was studied based on eurycomanone. Linearity was in the range of 5 to 50 µg∙mL(-1) (r² = 0.997) with 3.2% relative standard deviation of peak area. The developed method was used to analyze 14 E. longifolia root samples and 10 products (capsules). Selected chemometric techniques: cluster analysis (CA), discriminant analysis (DA), and principal component analysis (PCA) were applied to the fingerprint datasets of 37 selected peaks to evaluate the ability of the chromatographic fingerprint in classifying quality of E. longifolia. Three groups were obtained using CA. DA yielded 100% correlation coefficient with 19 discriminant compounds. Using PCA, E. longifolia root samples were clearly discriminated from the products. This study showed that the developed online SPE-LC method was able to provide comprehensive evaluation of E. longifolia samples for quality control purposes.

  20. JGME-ALiEM Hot Topics in Medical Education Online Journal Club: An Analysis of a Virtual Discussion About Resident Teachers.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sherbino, Jonathan; Joshi, Nikita; Lin, Michelle

    2015-09-01

    In health professionals' education, senior learners play a key role in the teaching of junior colleagues. We describe an online discussion about residents as teachers to highlight the topic and the online journal club medium. In January 2015, the Journal of Graduate Medical Education (JGME) and the Academic Life in Emergency Medicine blog facilitated an open-access, online, weeklong journal club on the JGME article "What Makes a Great Resident Teacher? A Multicenter Survey of Medical Students Attending an Internal Medicine Conference." Social media platforms used to promote asynchronous discussions included a blog, a video discussion via Google Hangouts on Air, and Twitter. We performed a thematic analysis of the discussion. Web analytics were captured as a measure of impact. The blog post garnered 1324 page views from 372 cities in 42 countries. Twitter was used to endorse discussion points, while blog comments provided opinions or responded to an issue. The discussion focused on why resident feedback was devalued by medical students. Proposed explanations included feedback not being labeled as such, the process of giving delivery, the source of feedback, discrepancies with self-assessment, and threats to medical student self-image. The blog post resulted in a crowd-sourced repository of resident teacher resources. An online journal club provides a novel discussion forum across multiple social media platforms to engage authors, content experts, and the education community. Crowd-sourced analysis of the resident teacher role suggests that resident feedback to medical students is important, and barriers to student acceptance of feedback can be overcome.

  1. Excitonic localization in AlN-rich AlxGa1−xN/AlyGa1−yN multi-quantum-well grain boundaries

    KAUST Repository

    Ajia, Idris A.

    2014-09-22

    AlGaN/AlGaN multi-quantum-wells (MQW) with AlN-rich grains have been grown by metal organic chemical vapor deposition. The grains are observed to have strong excitonic localization characteristics that are affected by their sizes. The tendency to confine excitons progressively intensifies with increasing grain boundary area. Photoluminescence results indicate that the MQW have a dominant effect on the peak energy of the near-bandedge emission at temperatures below 150 K, with the localization properties of the grains becoming evident beyond 150 K. Cathodoluminescence maps reveal that the grain boundary has no effect on the peak intensities of the AlGaN/AlGaN samples.

  2. Ranking radiotherapy treatment plans: fizikalni ali biološki pristop?: physical or biological objectives?: Vrednotenje načrtov za obsevalno zdravljenje:

    OpenAIRE

    Ebert, Martin

    2001-01-01

    Background. The ranking of treatment plans in radiotherapy is of importance when there are alternative approaches to treating an individual patient, in assessment of dose information collected during clinical trials and in formulation of objectives for optimization routines. Methods. Several physically and radiobiologically-based dose indices were calculated for a series of model dose-volume histograms (DVHs). The ranking of these DVHs according to each dose index was examined. Variation in t...

  3. Comparison of Resistance Symbols in Poems of Kaiser Aminpoor and Ayyed Hassan Hosseini with Poems of Ali Ahmad Sa'id and Jabra Ibrahim Jabra (Adonis

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Amir Haj Alizadeh

    2017-01-01

    Full Text Available The resistance poets provide exquisite images of natural phenomena, personalities, and religious, historical, mythological, epic and national events. Selection and usage of these images as symbols of resistance in the poems depict the mood of fight as well as the other concepts to the reader. By implementing a comparative study on the resistance symbols in the poems discussed in this study. This article shows that natural symbols have high frequency and the similarity of the symbols in each of four categories (natural, religious, historical, epic and other symbols are very low because of differences in ideas. Examining the content of the heavily used symbols by Arab poets suggest that they discourse to consciousness of the Arab nation. However, in the case of Iranian poets, they try to strengthen the spirit of struggle and resistance against a hostile force. The most important feature of the symbols of Arab poets is the use of self-made and private symbols to a very high extent, and this can be seen in the poets in Iran very low. Arab poets, in orientation to the West, have used in a large amount of mythological symbols outside their territory, especially Greece and Egypt that don’t appear in Iranian poets.

  4. Concept de l'autisme bleulérien dans la logique freudienne de l'aliénation et de la séparation

    OpenAIRE

    Gailis , Janis

    2010-01-01

    "Autism is more or less the same thing Freud called auto-eroticism" - this is what Paul Eugen Bleuler writes in his fundamental work "Dementia praecox or the group of schizophrenias". However, if we take a closer look at other definitions of autism, offered by Bleuler, works, on which he relied in his proceedings, as well as Sigmund Freud's texts, he wrote, to answer Paul Eugen Bleuler, we can find that this remark about substituting auto-eroticism with autism, avoiding any mention of sexuali...

  5. Synthesis, characterization and studies on magnetic and electrical properties of LaAlyFe1−yO3 nanomultiferroic

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Ahmed, M.A.; Okasha, N.; Hussein, B.

    2013-01-01

    Highlights: ► The nanomultiferroic with the compositions La Al y Fe 1−y O 3 were prepared by citrate autocombustion method. ► All of these compounds were found to have a nanomultiferroic in orthorhombic perovskite single phase orthorhombic structure. ► The magnetic measurements indicate that poor magnetization with coercive field H c near to zero. ► The electrical conductivity and dielectric constant increase with increasing Al content. ► The highest Néel temperature and highest physical properties at Al 0.10 concentration. -- Abstract: Multiferroic LaAl y Fe 1−y O 3 ; 0.00 ⩽ y ⩽ 0.20 were successfully synthesized using citrate autocombustion method and their properties were systematically studied. All the samples were crystallized in a perovskite structure. The evaluation of the unit-cell parameters by X-ray diffraction technique revealed that the lattice constants and volume of the unit cell decreased along with increase of Al content, while the Fe–O octahedra became less distorted. The Goldschmidt tolerance factor for the perovskite increases from 0.905 for LaFeO 3 to 0.914 for LaAl 0.2 Fe 0.8 O 3 confirming that the crystal structure is orthorhombic. All the magnetic parameters such as μ eff , χ M , and magnetization (M RT ) decrease as Al content increases, while Néel temperature indicates the highest value (834 K) at y = 0.1. The magnetic measurements revealed that it has a superparamagnetic behavior with coercive field H c nearly zero. Dielectric and activation energy results agree well with the other measurements

  6. Individualiziran program v posebnem programu vzgoje in izobraževanja - dober načrt dela ali le zakonska zahteva

    OpenAIRE

    Stergar, David

    2017-01-01

    V diplomskem delu je predstavljena tematika oblikovanja individualiziranih programov (v nadaljevanju IP) v Centru za usposabljanje, delo in varstvo Dobrna. Teoretični del diplomskega dela zajema zakonodajo na področju oblikovanja IP in usmerjanja otrok s posebnimi potrebami, smernice za oblikovanje individualiziranih programov ter značilnosti oseb z motnjami v duševnem razvoju ter motnjami avtističnega spektra, predstavljen pa je tudi potek individualiziranega programiranja v Centru za us...

  7. Amour, honte et prestige au Caire : Les musiciens de l'avenue Mohamed Ali entre intimité urbaine et mise à distance sociale

    OpenAIRE

    Puig , Nicolas

    2009-01-01

    version définitive.; In the talk of Cairo musicians who play for marriages, the frequency of the theme of a descent from love to shame is evidence of a longing for social recognition and respectability that contrasts with their status, which is associated with a feeling of discomfort shared within the profession. Recurrently suspected of moral deviancy, these musicians are held at a social distance, a factor reinforcing their different lifestyle. The professional practice of music leads to si...

  8. Islamic reformism in India between 1857 and 1947: the conception of state in Chiragh ‘Ali, Muhammad Iqbal and Sayyid Abu’l ‘Ala Mawdudi

    OpenAIRE

    Mohomed, Carimo

    2012-01-01

    Tese apresentada para cumprimento dos requisitos necessários à obtenção do grau de Doutor em Ciência Política, especialidade de Teoria e Análise Política. Entre 1857, ano da Revolta dos Cipaios e consequente ocupação definitiva da Índia pelos Britânicos, causando o fim do poder político muçulmano, e 1947, data da sua independência e Partição em dois Estados, União Indiana e Paquistão, o subcontinente indiano sofreu grandes transformações. Esta foi uma época rica em pensament...

  9. Une enquête réalisée en Jamaïque contribue à améliorer la santé ...

    International Development Research Centre (IDRC) Digital Library (Canada)

    23 mai 2012 ... La nouvelle cohorte sera suivie tout au long de la petite enfance et l'on explorera de nouveaux thèmes, comme le rôle du père au regard du développement de son enfant. Mme Samms-Vaughan admet que le défi est de taille, mais est convaincue que la Jamaïque est en mesure de le relever, compte tenu ...

  10. Napitnina: obdavčljivi ali neobdavčljivi del prihodkov zaposlenih = Tips: Taxable or Non-Taxable Part of Employee Income

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Andrej Raspor

    2009-06-01

    Full Text Available The article analyses how tips are regulated in Slovenia and in the United States from a tax point of view. The key finding is that Slovenian regulations are inconsistent, because they cover only tips earned by table games employees. Other tips in the casino and service sector in general are not covered. Indirectly, however, we can understand that they are taxable. But paying tax on tips is the exception rather than the rule. In order to avoid vagueness, tips should be regulated by a special law. This law should define the applicable rate and contributions, as well as the manner of payment.

  11. A STUDY ON PREVAL E NCE OF BIRTH DEFECTS AND ITS ASSOCIATION WITH RISK FACTORS IN FAKHRUDHIN ALI AH MED MEDICAL COLLEGE AND HOSPITAL

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Alpana

    2015-07-01

    Full Text Available OBJECTIVE: Congenital anomalies or Birth Defects are a global problem. It is the most common cause of disability in developed and developing countries. This study aims to evaluate the overall prevalence of clinically detectable congenital anomalies in newborns along with the different forms of congenital anomalies and associated risk factors if any over a period of one year. MATERIALS AND METHOD S: I t’s an observational analytical cross sectional type of study. Seven thousand seven hundred and ninety eight babies born during the period from 1 st Nov, 2013 to 31 st Oct, 2014 were analyzed. Details of cases were recorded after parent’s interviews, clinical, radiological and laboratory evaluations. RESULTS: In our study, we have found that out of the total no. of 7798 babies born during the said period, the total number of congenital anomalies found were 53 0.7%. Cleft lip and palate was the most common anomaly followed by clubfoot. System wise, congenital anomaly of the musculoskeletal system was the highest (45.3%. A male preponderance is seen with M:F = 4:3. Maximum number of anomalies was found in the 20 - 25 y rs of age group. Moreover, anomalies were found more in primi gravida. Various risk factors were associated in 9 numbers of cases out of 53. CONCLUSIONS: Prevalence of congenital anomaly was found to be 0.7% and therefore awareness about preventable risk f actors should be created and early prenatal diagnosis and management of anomalies is recommended.

  12. Comparison of total antioxidant capacity of saliva in type2 diabetic patients and healthy persons referring to zahedan Ali Asghar hospital

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Maryeh Honarmand

    2013-09-01

    Full Text Available Background: In the human body, there are some special systems to interact with pathogens of free radicals that are called antioxidant immune system in some human diseases. Diabetes is one of the most important common chronic diseases with changing in antioxidant capacity. Therefore, this research was done with the purpose of determination and comparison of antioxidant capacity of diabetic patients, saliva with control Grope. Material and Methods: This study was a case control study. 50 people with type II diabetes referring to Zahedan diabetic center assigned as case group, they were compared with 50 participants from control group. Both groups had similar age, sex and all other criteria. Total antioxidant capacity of saliva evaluated with FRAP (Ferric reducing ability of plasma method. The data was analyzed by T-test and ANOVA. Results: Mean and standard deviation (Mean ± SD of antioxidant capacity of saliva in case group was 0.442±0.251 µmol/liter and in control group was 0.667±0.421 µmol/liter. Reduction of antioxidant capacity of saliva of case group was statistically significant using T-test and ANOVA analysis (p=0.002. Conclusion: In this study reduction of antioxidant capacity of diabetic patients, saliva was significantly lower than control group. Therefore, it is recommended that these people use more natural antioxidants.

  13. Analisis Kesan Terjemahan AL-QUR’AN Ke Dalam Bahasa Indonesia Mushaf Syaamil AL-QUR’AN Pada Surah Ali Imran

    OpenAIRE

    Sari, Nur Indah

    2015-01-01

    نور إنده ساري, 2014. تحليل الإ نطباع ترجمة القران الكريم إلى اللغة الإندونيسية مصحف القران الشامل في السورة ال عمران. ميدان : قسم اللغة العربية: كلية العلوم الإنسانية جامعة سومطرة شامليةمصحف القران الشامل عبارة عن إحدى ترجمات القران الكريم كلمة بكلمة و تقابل كل تلك الكلمات معناها المقترح في اللغة الإندو نيسية. و في هذا المصحف الشامل كلمات معتادة معروفة شائعة يفهمها عامة الناس من أطياف المجتمع. و البحث يدور حول كلمات عربية معروفة وهي أساس داخلة إلى اللغة الإندو نيسية. يهدف البحث إلى معرفة الأث...

  14. Siserände suundumused 20. sajandil = Trends of internal migration during the 20th century and at the beginning of the 21st century / Alis Tammur

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Tammur, Alis

    2008-01-01

    Siserände suundadest Eestis alates 1920ndatest aastatest kuni 2007. aastani. Kaart: Linnadesse tulnud endise alalise elukoha järgi, 1922-1934. Graafik: Siserände vanusjaotus. Tabel: Linnade ja maa-asulate vahelised rändesuunad 2000-2007

  15. Carrier-carrier scattering in the gain dynamics of InxGa1-xAs/AlyGa1-yAs diode lasers

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Sanders, Gary D; Sun, C.-K.; Golubovic, B.

    1996-01-01

    for the carrier distributions using an adaptive Runge-Kutta routine. This procedure is less computationally intensive than a full Monte Carlo simulation. The results show that the inclusion of carrier-carrier scattering improves previous results where only carrier-phonon scattering was included and that carrier...

  16. Structural and Electrochemical Investigation of Li(Ni0.4Co0.2-yAlyMn0.4)O2 Cathode Material

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Rumble, C.; Conry, T.E.; Doeff, Marca; Cairns, Elton J.; Penner-Hahn, James. E.; Deb, Aniruddha

    2010-02-02

    Li(Ni{sub 0.4}Co{sub 0.2-y}Al{sub y}Mn{sub 0.4})O{sub 2} with y=0.05 was investigated to understand the effect of replacement of the cobalt by aluminum on the structural and electrochemical properties. The effect of the substitution was studied by in-situ X-ray absorption spectroscopy (XAS), utilizing a novel in situ electrochemical cell, specifically designed for long-term X-ray experiments. The cell was cycled at a moderate rate through a typical Li-ion battery operating voltage range (1.0-4.7 V). XAS measurements were performed at different states-of-charge (SOC) during cycling, at the Ni, Co, and the Mn edges, revealing details about the response of the cathode to Li insertion and extraction processes. The extended X-ray absorption fine structure region of the spectra revealed the changes of bond distance and coordination number of Ni, Co, and Mn absorbers as a function of the SOC of the material. The oxidation states of the transition metals in the system are Ni{sup 2+}, Co{sup 3+}, and Mn{sup 4+} in the as-made material (fully discharged), while during charging the Ni{sup 2+} is oxidized to Ni{sup 4+} through an intermediate stage of Ni{sup 3+}, Co{sup 3+} is oxidized towards Co{sup 4+} and Mn was found to be electrochemically inactive and remains as Mn{sup 4+}. The EXAFS results during cycling show that the Ni-O changes the most, followed by Co-O and Mn-O varies the least. These measurements on this cathode material confirmed that the material retains its symmetry and good structural short-range order leading to the superior cycling reported earlier.

  17. Bolonjski proces po letu 2010 ali konec začetka = Bologna Process After 2010 or the End of the Beginning

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Karmen Rodman

    2008-03-01

    Full Text Available The article displays the effects of the Bologna process and emphasizes the key fields which, so it seems, will not be efficiently achieved by 2010. In the next implementation steps of the Bologna declaration and the Lisbon strategy it is necessary to: (1 engage different fields of European policy with the aim of transmitting part of the responsibility for the future European competitiveness off ‘the education policy shoulder’, and (2 include other publics such as researchers, academicians and other field specialists. Motivating elements for changes stimulation, which derive from the European level actors and are oriented mainly in informing and promoting, have to be supplemented with consultancy and training.

  18. Hydrogenation and crystal structures of the Nd(Ni1-xCux)(In1-yAly) intermetallics and their hydrides

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Riabov, A.B.; Denys, R.V.; Sato, Masashi; Delaplane, R.G.; Yartys, V.A.

    2005-01-01

    The crystal structure of NdNiInD 1.2 contains D-D pairs with the shortest known D...D separation of 1.56-bar A. This work was aimed on studies of the factors influencing the formation and the length of such a pair. We have studied the NdNiIn-based alloys, in which Ni or In are partially substituted by the chemically related elements, Cu or Al, respectively. Three equiatomic intermetallics, NdNiIn, NdCuIn and NdNiAl, are isostructural and crystallise with the ZrNiAl type of structure. In the NdNi 1-x Cu x In (x=0; 0.02; 0.05; 0.25; 0.50; 0.75 and 1.00) quaternary system a complete solid solubility range has been found. In contrast, in the Al-containing NdNiIn 1-x Al x alloys the range of a solid solution is limited to the region NdNiIn-NdNiIn 0.75 Al 0.25 . The substitutions result in regular changes in V, a, c and c/a of the hexagonal unit cells. Small substitutions by Cu and Al (x,y-bar 0.05) do not lead to significant changes in H content and types of the crystal structures formed (PND data). However, a decrease in the stability of the hydrides is observed. In NdNi 1-x Cu x In, Cu has a strong preference for the occupation of the 1b CuIn 6 trigonal prisms. An increase of the Cu content is accompanied by a decrease of the D/Nd(Ni 1-x Cu x )In ratio and a distinct growth of the distance between Ni(Cu) and D (from 1.51 to 1.84-bar A). H...H pairing is very sensitive to the content of both Al and Cu. When the level of substitution exceeds Cu/Ni(Al/In)>1/9, H pairing becomes unstable and H atoms favour other types of ordering in the metal sublattice

  19. Talibanski uporniki - teroristi ali borci za svobodo : diplomsko delo visokošolskega strokovnega študija Varnost in policijsko delo

    OpenAIRE

    Djurdjević, Rok

    2012-01-01

    Talibanski uporniki so nekdanji vladarji Afganistana, na oblast so prišli leta 1994, leta 2001 pa so njihov režim strmoglavili Severno zavezništvo in koalicijske sile pod vodstvom ZDA. Povod za vojno je bil terorističen napad Al Kaide na ozemlju ZDA 11. septembra 2001. Mediji so Talibane prikazali za tirane, ki zatirajo svoje ljudstvo, najhuje pa je bilo Afganistankam. Po hitrem porazu 2001 so se ponovno pojavili v Afganistanu kot uporniki. Mediji so jih tedaj razglasili za teroriste, oni pa ...

  20. Hospital contacts for endocrine disorders in Adult Life after Childhood Cancer in Scandinavia (ALiCCS): a population-based cohort study

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    de Fine Licht, Sofie; Winther, Jeanette Falck; Gudmundsdottir, Thorgerdur

    2014-01-01

    disease-induced and treatment-induced endocrine disorders in survivors of childhood cancer. INTERPRETATION: A cumulative risk for endocrine disorders at 60 years of age of above 40% in survivors of childhood cancer emphasises the importance of minimisation of damaging treatment, intensification......BACKGROUND: The pattern of endocrine disorders in long-term survivors of childhood cancer has not been investigated comprehensively. Here, we aimed to assess the lifetime risk of these disorders in Nordic survivors of childhood cancer. METHODS: From the national cancer registries of Denmark...... were linked to the national hospital registries, and observed numbers of first-time hospital contacts for endocrine disorders in survivors of childhood cancer were compared with the expected numbers derived from the population comparison cohort. We calculated the absolute excess risks attributable...

  1. Analysis of the variability of the Ornithogalum umbellatum L. 1753 (Hyacinthaceae) using molecular markers and morpho-anatomical characters

    OpenAIRE

    Andrić Andrijana

    2015-01-01

    Predmet ovog istraživanja je varijabilnost taksona  Ornithogalum umbellatum  L. 1753. (Hyacinthaceae) na području Srbije i Mađarske. Ovaj najpoznatiji i najrasprostranjeniji predstavnik roda  Ornithogalum  L. izučava se dugi niz godina sa različitih aspekata: kao gajena baštenska vrsta i kao invazivni korov; kao otrovna biljka i potencijalno lekovita. Sa ekološkog aspekta  ove biljke su značajne kao  domaćini insektima polinatorima koji su višestruko i u različitim fazama razvića vezani za ov...

  2. Browse Author Index - African Journals Online

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Items 51 - 80 of 80 ... Al-Sagheer, Ghada M. Al-Sharkawy, Nahla · Alavian, Seyed M · Albanna, Ehab AM · Algamal, Hanan A · Alghobashy, Ashgan A · Ali, Hanan H · Ali, NT · Ali, Tarek F · Ali, Yasser F · Allam, Mohamed F · Alm El-Din, Rasha A · Alsayyad, Mohammad · Aly, Gamal S · Aly Hassan, Iman M · Amer, Osama · Arinola ...

  3. Browse Author Index

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Items 51 - 100 of 390 ... Al-Sagheer, Ghada M. Al-Sharkawy, Nahla · Alavian, Seyed M · Albanna, Ehab AM · Algamal, Hanan A · Alghobashy, Ashgan A · Ali, Hanan H · Ali, NT · Ali, Tarek F · Ali, Yasser F · Allam, Mohamed F · Alm El-Din, Rasha A · Alsayyad, Mohammad · Aly, Gamal S · Aly Hassan, Iman M · Amer, Osama

  4. Incidences des normes de conception sur la sécurié routière. Recherche réalisée pour la Commission Européenne (DG VII).

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Ruyters, H.G.J.C.M. Slop, M. & Wegman, F.C.M. (eds.)

    1994-01-01

    This report describes the results of a study carried out for the European Union. The report uses the safety principle that: (i) proper road design is crucial to prevent human errors in traffic; and (ii) less human errors will result in less accidents. The study contains the following parts: (1)

  5. Droop-free AlxGa1-xN/AlyGa1-yN quantum-disks-in-nanowires ultraviolet LED emitting at 337 nm on metal/silicon substrates

    KAUST Repository

    Janjua, Bilal

    2017-01-18

    Currently the AlGaN-based ultraviolet (UV) solid-state lighting research suffers from numerous challenges. In particular, low internal quantum efficiency, low extraction efficiency, inefficient doping, large polarization fields, and high dislocation density epitaxy constitute bottlenecks in realizing high power devices. Despite the clear advantage of quantum-confinement nanostructure, it has not been widely utilized in AlGaN-based nanowires. Here we utilize the self-assembled nanowires (NWs) with embedding quantum-disks (Qdisks) to mitigate these issues, and achieve UV emission of 337 nm at 32 A/cm (80 mA in 0.5 × 0.5 mm device), a turn-on voltage of ∼5.5 V and droop-free behavior up to 120 A/cm of injection current. The device was grown on a titanium-coated n-type silicon substrate, to improve current injection and heat dissipation. A narrow linewidth of 11.7 nm in the electroluminescence spectrum and a strong wavefunctions overlap factor of 42% confirm strong quantum confinement within uniformly formed AlGaN/AlGaN Qdisks, verified using transmission electron microscopy (TEM). The nitride-based UV nanowires light-emitting diodes (NWs-LEDs) grown on low cost and scalable metal/silicon template substrate, offers a scalable, environment friendly and low cost solution for numerous applications, such as solid-state lighting, spectroscopy, medical science and security.

  6. An allosteric binding site at the human serotonin transporter mediates the inhibition of escitalopram by R-citalopram: kinetic binding studies with the ALI/VFL-SI/TT mutant.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zhong, Huailing; Hansen, Kasper B; Boyle, Noel J; Han, Kiho; Muske, Galina; Huang, Xinyan; Egebjerg, Jan; Sánchez, Connie

    2009-10-25

    The human serotonin transporter (hSERT) has primary and allosteric binding sites for escitalopram and R-citalopram. Previous studies have established that the interaction of these two compounds at a low affinity allosteric binding site of hSERT can affect the dissociation of [(3)H]escitalopram from hSERT. The allosteric binding site involves a series of residues in the 10th, 11th, and 12th trans-membrane domains of hSERT. The low affinity allosteric activities of escitalopram and R-citalopram are essentially eliminated in a mutant hSERT with changes in some of these residues, namely A505V, L506F, I507L, S574T, I575T, as measured in dissociation binding studies. We confirm that in association binding experiments, R-citalopram at clinically relevant concentrations reduces the association rate of [(3)H]escitalopram as a ligand to wild type hSERT. We demonstrate that the ability of R-citalopram to reduce the association rate of escitalopram is also abolished in the mutant hSERT (A505V, L506F, I507L, S574T, I575T), along with the expected disruption the low affinity allosteric function on dissociation binding. This suggests that the allosteric binding site mediates both the low affinity and higher affinity interactions between R-citalopram, escitalopram, and hSERT. Our data add an additional structural basis for the different efficacies of escitalopram compared to racemic citalopram reported in animal studies and clinical trials, and substantiate the hypothesis that hSERT has complex allosteric mechanisms underlying the unexplained in vivo activities of its inhibitors.

  7. Estudio del ajo de monte (Mansoa Aliácea) y sus propiedades: su uso gastronómico y medicinal en la comuna Chiguilpe de Santo Domingo de los Tsáchilas

    OpenAIRE

    Travez, Elizabeth Sanchez

    2015-01-01

    El Ecuador tiene una gama de vegetación con propiedades útiles para ser humano de uso gastronómico y medicinal, el uso de estas plantas se vine utilizando desde la antigüedad por los shamanes y en la gastronomía por las mujeres de las regiones, en la medicina natural muchas de las plantas son utilizadas para curaciones como problemas de próstata, cardiovasculares etc.La planta del Ecuador en la función alimenticia se viene elaborando té y otros productos, esto ayudado al desarrollo del país y...

  8. Double stars measurements with cheap CCD sensors (French Title: Mesures d'étoiles doubles visuelles réalisées à l'aide de capteurs dtc de grande diffusion)

    Science.gov (United States)

    Losse, F.

    2005-09-01

    This paper presents 262 measurements of visual binaries. They essentially come from a three years evaluation period of cheap CCD sensors coupled with either off the shelves or modified webcam electronics. The evaluation cycle and results are largely described in Bulletin n°40 de la Commission des Etoiles Doubles (Sept. 2002 - Société Astronomique de France). These devices can produce measurements as consistent as those obtained with a filar micrometer on the same 8" telescope. The most recent measurements (epoch 2004+) were obtained with an "Audine" camera shipped with a KAF400. Besides the stars visited for evaluation purpose, we present some systems of interest : 17 orbital binaries, 35 neglected systems, 15 confirmations and 2 discoveries of a third component in already known systems.

  9. Advancing Glaciological Applications of Remote Sensing with EO-1: (1) Mapping Snow Grain Size and Albedo on the Greenland Ice Sheet Using an Imaging Spectrometer, and (2) ALI Evaluation for Subtle Surface Topographic Mapping via Shape-from Shading

    Science.gov (United States)

    2003-01-01

    The Hyperion sensor, onboard NASA's Earth Observing-1 (EO-1) satellite,is an imaging spectroradiometer with 220 spectral bands over the spectral range from 0.4 - 2.5 microns. Over the course of summer 2001, the instrument acquired numerous images over the Greenland ice sheet. Our main motivation is to develop an accurate and robust approach for measuring the broadband albedo of snow from satellites. Satellite-derived estimates of broadband have typically been plagued with three problems: errors resulting from inaccurate atmospheric correction, particularly in the visible wavelengths from the conversion of reflectance to albedo (accounting for snow BRDE); and errors resulting from regression-based approaches used to convert narrowband albedo to broadband albedo. A typerspectral method has been developed that substantially reduces these three main sources of error and produces highly accurate estimates of snow albedo. This technique uses hyperspectral data from 0.98 - 1.06 microns, spanning a spectral absorption feature centered at 1.03 microns. A key aspect of this work is that this spectral range is within an atmospheric transmission window and reflectances are largely unaffected by atmospheric aerosols, water vapor, or ozone. In this investigation, we make broadband albedo measurements at four sites on the Greenland ice sheet: Summit, a high altitude station in central Greenland; the ETH/CU camp, a camp on the equilibrium line in western Greenland; Crawford Point, a site located between Summit and the ETH/CU camp; and Tunu, a site located in northeastern Greenland at 2000 m. altitude. Each of these sites has an automated weather station (AWS) that continually measures broadband albedo thereby providing validation data.

  10. Jsou žížaly (Oligochaeta, Lumbricidae) pravidelnými či náhodnými obyvateli jeskynních systémů ČR a SR?

    Czech Academy of Sciences Publication Activity Database

    Pižl, Václav

    2007-01-01

    Roč. 12, - (2007), s. 139 ISSN 1335-213X. [Vedecká konferencia Výskum, využívanie a ochrana jaskýň /6./. 01.10.2007-05.10.2007, Ždiár] Institutional research plan: CEZ:AV0Z60660521 Keywords : earthworms * Czech cave system * Slovak cave system Subject RIV: EH - Ecology, Behaviour

  11. Source reverberations, near-surface resonances, or Q? Comment on "The peak frequency of direct waves for microseismic events" (Leo Eisner, Davide Gei, Miroslav Hallo, Ivo Oprsal, and Mohammed Y. Ali, GEOPHYSICS, 78, no. 6, A45-A49) Reply

    Czech Academy of Sciences Publication Activity Database

    Eisner, Leo; Gei, D.; Hallo, M.; Opršal, I.; Ali, M.Y.

    2014-01-01

    Roč. 79, č. 4 (2014), X23-X25 ISSN 0016-8033 R&D Projects: GA ČR GAP210/12/2451 Institutional support: RVO:67985891 Keywords : attenuation * inversion * microseismicity Subject RIV: DC - Siesmology, Volcanology, Earth Structure Impact factor: 1.759, year: 2013

  12. RAČUNALO - DA, ALI KAKO? DRUŽITE SE I POTIČITE FUNKCIONALNO-LOGIČKO MIŠLJENJE VAŠE DJECE KOD KUĆE

    OpenAIRE

    Hilčenko, Slavoljub

    2016-01-01

    Roditelji (Generacija 'Y') nemaju potpun uvid kako njihova djeca (Generacija 'Z') provode vrijeme za računalom. Cilj rada jeste predstavljanje modela kvalitetnog druženja roditelja i djece uz računalo za poticanje funkcionalno-logičkih kapaciteta (udruženo s motornim vježbama) u kojima su 15-godišnjaci Srbije na PISA testiranjima pokazali poražavajuće rezultate. Naša škola nije svemoguća i obrazovanje se ne stječe samo unutar institucionalnih reproduktivno-tradicionalnih 'zidina'. O njenoj te...

  13. Long-term inpatient disease burden in the Adult Life after Childhood Cancer in Scandinavia (ALiCCS) study: A cohort study of 21,297 childhood cancer survivors.

    Science.gov (United States)

    de Fine Licht, Sofie; Rugbjerg, Kathrine; Gudmundsdottir, Thorgerdur; Bonnesen, Trine G; Asdahl, Peter Haubjerg; Holmqvist, Anna Sällfors; Madanat-Harjuoja, Laura; Tryggvadottir, Laufey; Wesenberg, Finn; Hasle, Henrik; Winther, Jeanette F; Olsen, Jørgen H

    2017-05-01

    Survivors of childhood cancer are at increased risk for a wide range of late effects. However, no large population-based studies have included the whole range of somatic diagnoses including subgroup diagnoses and all main types of childhood cancers. Therefore, we aimed to provide the most detailed overview of the long-term risk of hospitalisation in survivors of childhood cancer. From the national cancer registers of Denmark, Finland, Iceland, and Sweden, we identified 21,297 5-year survivors of childhood cancer diagnosed with cancer before the age of 20 years in the periods 1943-2008 in Denmark, 1971-2008 in Finland, 1955-2008 in Iceland, and 1958-2008 in Sweden. We randomly selected 152,231 population comparison individuals matched by age, sex, year, and country (or municipality in Sweden) from the national population registers. Using a cohort design, study participants were followed in the national hospital registers in Denmark, 1977-2010; Finland, 1975-2012; Iceland, 1999-2008; and Sweden, 1968-2009. Disease-specific hospitalisation rates in survivors and comparison individuals were used to calculate survivors' standardised hospitalisation rate ratios (RRs), absolute excess risks (AERs), and standardised bed day ratios (SBDRs) based on length of stay in hospital. We adjusted for sex, age, and year by indirect standardisation. During 336,554 person-years of follow-up (mean: 16 years; range: 0-42 years), childhood cancer survivors experienced 21,325 first hospitalisations for diseases in one or more of 120 disease categories (cancer recurrence not included), when 10,999 were expected, yielding an overall RR of 1.94 (95% confidence interval [95% CI] 1.91-1.97). The AER was 3,068 (2,980-3,156) per 100,000 person-years, meaning that for each additional year of follow-up, an average of 3 of 100 survivors were hospitalised for a new excess disease beyond the background rates. Approximately 50% of the excess hospitalisations were for diseases of the nervous system (19.1% of all excess hospitalisations), endocrine system (11.1%), digestive organs (10.5%), and respiratory system (10.0%). Survivors of all types of childhood cancer were at increased, persistent risk for subsequent hospitalisation, the highest risks being those of survivors of neuroblastoma (RR: 2.6 [2.4-2.8]; n = 876), hepatic tumours (RR: 2.5 [2.0-3.1]; n = 92), central nervous system tumours (RR: 2.4 [2.3-2.5]; n = 6,175), and Hodgkin lymphoma (RR: 2.4 [2.3-2.5]; n = 2,027). Survivors spent on average five times as many days in hospital as comparison individuals (SBDR: 4.96 [4.94-4.98]; n = 422,218). The analyses of bed days in hospital included new primary cancers and recurrences. Of the total 422,218 days survivors spent in hospital, 47% (197,596 bed days) were for new primary cancers and recurrences. Our study is likely to underestimate the absolute overall disease burden experienced by survivors, as less severe late effects are missed if they are treated sufficiently in the outpatient setting or in the primary health care system. Childhood cancer survivors were at increased long-term risk for diseases requiring inpatient treatment even decades after their initial cancer. Health care providers who do not work in the area of late effects, especially those in primary health care, should be aware of this highly challenged group of patients in order to avoid or postpone hospitalisations by prevention, early detection, and appropriate treatments.

  14. One-Time Treatment for Incidental Vocabulary Learning: Call for Discontinuation. A Commentary on Ali Karakas and Arif Sariçoban's "The Impact of Watching Subtitled Animated Cartoons on Incidental Vocabulary Learning of ELT Students"

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bogdanov, Stan

    2013-01-01

    Incidental vocabulary learning has attracted a great deal of attention in ELT research. However, it is important that teacher and researcher exploitation of vocabulary developments be guided by more than replication of previous research designs. For conclusions based on empirical research to be valid, it is important to be clear about exactly what…

  15. Résistance culturelle et “Révolution nationale” pétainiste: Les Mouches de Jean-Paul Sartre comme dénonciation d’une religion aliénante sous la France de Vichy

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Nathalie Stevens

    2009-12-01

    Full Text Available Este artículo analiza de qué manera Jean-Paul Sartre utilizó el teatro –y notablemente su primera obra Les Mouches- para criticar el régimen de Vichy y su instrumentalización de las creencias religiosas a fin de someter y dominar a la población francesa. Él no sólo quiso ilustrar la conveniente relación entre la Iglesia y el poder sino también mostrar las posibilidades con que contaban los intelectuales franceses para luchar contra la dominación de Vichy, la censura y las represalias de los adversarios políticos.___________________ABSTRACT:This paper analyses the way in which Jean-Paul Sartre used the theatre – and outstandingly, his first play Les Mouches - to criticise the regime of Vichy and the way it exploited religious beliefs in order to subjugate and dominate the French population. Not only did he manage to illustrate the convenient relationship between the Church and the power, but also showed how the French intellectuals were able to fight against the domination of Vichy, the censorship and the reprisals against political adversaries.

  16. Ekphrasis : au lieu de décrire ce qu’ils voyaient, ils réalisèrent ce qui était décrit

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ana Vanessa Lucena

    2014-04-01

    Full Text Available Cette contribution s’insère dans le domaine des recherches actuelles en didactique des arts visuels mettant en évidence les pratiques de la réception des œuvres. Elle rend compte d’un projet d’apprentissage artistique prenant comme matière la collection René et Madeleine Junod et pratiquée durant quatre mois de leçons hebdomadaires dans deux classes de 7e maturité d’une école publique de la ville de La Chaux-de-Fonds en Suisse. Le projet a été vécu en trois parties : un exercice d’ekphrasis et de reproduction par la méthode de la grille de copie en salle de classe, une série de « jeux de stimulation de l’observation » pendant une visite au musée, complétée par les activités de dessin et coloriage à la maison et en salle de classe. Cet article est centré sur le premier exercice de « l’ekphrasis » où il a été proposé aux élèves la description de quatre tableaux de styles, thèmes et artistes différents. Chaque descriptif posait des contraintes en termes de composition des images et d’interprétation d’un vocabulaire spécifique aux arts visuels. Ekphrasis: Instead of describing what they were seeing, they created what was described This contribution goes into the domain of current research in Visual Arts didactics putting in evidence the methods of the “réception d’œuvre”. It reports an artistic learning project based on René and Madeleine Junod’s collection and practiced during four month of weekly Visual Arts lessons in two 7th grade classes of a public school in the city of La Chaux-de-Fonds, Switzerland. The project was built in three parts: an “ekphrasis” activity, which implies describing by words a few paintings of the collection, then copying them using the “grille de copie” method; a few “games of observation skills stimulation” during the visit of a museum, then reinforced and completed by the “painting and drawing activities” at home and in the classroom. This article focuses only on the first exercise of the “ekphrasis” in which four paintings descriptions, all of different styles, themes and artists, were given to the students. Each description setting represented a constraint in terms of images composition and interpretation of a specific Visual Arts vocabulary.

  17. Ali Emiri Efendi’nin Mir’atü’l-Fevaid Notlarında Diyarbakır’ın Anıtsal Tarihi Yapıları

    OpenAIRE

    MERMUTLU, Bedri

    2015-01-01

    Her tarihi şehir gibi Diyarbakır şehrinde bulunan tarihi anıtsal yapıların şehir kültüründe derin izleri bulunmaktadır. Bu yapılar mimari değer ve etkileriyle toplum üzerinde devamlı bir işleve sahip oldukları gibi şehir tarihinin anlaşılması yolunda önemli işaretler olarak da işlev görürler. Diyarbakır Ulucamii’nin tarihini izleyerek Diyarbakır şehri hakkında tarihi pek çok olayın gün yüzüne çıkması ya da hatırlanması mümkündür

  18. Onde está o espírito do senhor ali reina a liberdade: fundamentação pneumatológica e trinitária da liberdade em Jürgen Moltmann

    OpenAIRE

    Nienov, Ricardo

    2014-01-01

    Neste trabalho de pesquisa, o tema a ser abordado é a liberdade. Ela será contemplada sob diferentes aspectos, desde a visão na sociedade, em diferentes períodos da história, passando pela dimensão bíblica, para desembocar na compreensão cristã. Esta última é o grande interesse desse desenvolvimento, pois é ela a verdadeira e autêntica liberdade humana. A libertação do ser humano só é possível e plena mediante a perspectiva cristã, para tanto é preciso olhar com carinho para a pessoa de Jesus...

  19. Analyses par diffraction de rayons X sur des revêtements barrières thermiques réalisés par un procédé hybride plasma-laser

    Science.gov (United States)

    Antou, G.; Hlawka, F.; Montavon, G.; Bach, M.; Cornet, A.; Coddet, C.

    2004-11-01

    Les revêtements barrières thermiques (BTs) constitués de zircone yttriée partiellement stabilisée (ZrO{2} + 7% en masse d'Y{2}O{3}) et d'une sous-couche métallique (MCrAlY où M représente une combinaison de nickel et de cobalt) sont extrêmement utilisés afin d'améliorer les performances des composants des parties chaudes des turbines à gaz. La projection plasma sous atmosphère ambiante et l'irradiation laser in situ (au moyen d'un laser à diodes) sont associés ici afin de modifier les caractéristiques structurales des BTs. Les phases présentes au sein de la BT ont un rôle important. Des analyses par diffraction de rayons X ont été menées pour étudier les changements de phase possibles après traitement laser. Aucun changement de phase n'a été remarqué : la phase tétragonale métastable (t') demeure la phase prépondérante aussi bien pour les dépôts projetés que les dépôts post-traités au laser et refondus in situ. La formation de cette phase semble être liée à la solidification et au refroidissement rapide découlant de la projection plasma ainsi que de la refusion laser. Ce résultat est prometteur, car :

  20. Rändeandmete kvaliteet ja rändesuundumused Eestis aastatel 2000-2005 = The quality of migration data and the trends of migration in Estonia in 2000-2005 / Alis Tammur, Tiit Tammaru, Ene- Margit Tiit

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Tammur, Alis

    2006-01-01

    Eesti statistilise rahvastikuarvestuse alus on olnud viimase rahvaloenduse rahvaarv, millele lisatakse omavalitsusüksuste kaupa registripõhiselt kogutavad sünnid, surmad ning sisse- ja väljaränne. Rahvaloenduse ja rahvastikuregistri andmete põhimõtteline erinevus. Sise- ja välisrände arvestamise probleemid, rändesuundumuste analüüs. Diagramm. Tabelid

  1. Etablissement de scénarios alternatifs de valorisations alimentaires et non alimentaires des ressources céréalières wallonnes à l'horizon 2030

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Van Stappen, F.

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available Alternative scenarios for food and non-food uses of Walloon cereals by 2030. Topic. Based on the current uses of cereals grown in Wallonia (Belgium, various scenarios defining possible futures for the Walloon cereal sector have been created. Purpose. These scenarios lay the basis for research aiming at assessing the sustainability of food and non-food uses of cereals. Method. Based on contrasted hypotheses, four scenarios for the uses of Walloon cereals by 2030 have been defined with the support of stakeholders involved in all the steps of the chain. Results. The first scenario, called "Business-as-Usual", extrapolates trends from 15 years before 2010 and up to 2030. In the second scenario, called "Strategic", the current system is optimized from the environmental, economic and social point of view. The third and fourth scenarios break with current trends. The third scenario, called "Localization", considers an increased autonomy and the development of new cereal processing units in Wallonia. The fourth scenario, called "Globalization", focuses on a massive level of cereal export in response to an increasing demand from the global market and deals with high added-value products within Wallonia. Conclusions. Issues such as competition between food uses and non-food uses of cereals and of Walloon dependency on imports are addressed in these scenarios illustrating possible future situations, from food self-sufficiency to dramatic globalization, through the development of new outlets combining the adaptation of cropping practices, consumption, the evolution of habits and the use of new technologies.

  2. النورسي ودعوته - Abu’l-Hasan ‘Ali al-Hasani al-Nadwi: “Nursi and His Mission”

    OpenAIRE

    الندوي, أبو الحسن علي الحسني

    2011-01-01

    النورسي ودعوته أبو الحسن علي الحسني الندوي1 [نوادر البحوث: ننشر في هذا المقام البحوث النادرة التي أنجزها بعض أساطين أهل العلم، وفي هذا العدد تتشرف المجلة بنشر مقالة لأحد فرسان اللسان العربي ورأس العاملين على حماية مكاسب الأمة العلمية والتربوية في شبه القارة الهندية العلامة الأستاذ أبو الحسن الندوي، والمقال في أصله بحث ساهم به في التعريف بفكر الأستاذ بديع الزمان، وكان ذلك في أعمال مؤتمر"تجديد الفكر الإسلامي في القرن العشرين وبديع الزمان سعيد النورسي"، في الفترة الممتدة من 24 - 26 أيل...

  3. Video žaidimų kaip medijų kultūrinė svarba 2010-2017 m.: lyčių šališkumas ir seksizmas

    OpenAIRE

    Sokolinskas, Simonas

    2017-01-01

    The aim of this paper is to do an analysis on video games culture and industry, so that it would be possible to understand the extent to which women in the video games culture and industry face harassment and what are the underlying reasons for sexism in the video games culture and industry. As in the last 7 years, video games are becoming more popular as a medium, as well as a past time activity for more and more people, and the gender distribution between men and women who play video games ...

  4. SiGARA iCEN SEDANTERLERLE SiGARA iCEN ve DUZENLi EGZERSiZ ALIsKANLIGI OLAN OLGULARIN YAsAM KALiTELERi

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    FUNDA DEMiRTURK

    2016-03-01

    Results: Groups were similar by means of demographic features and cigarette consumption, onset of smoking age and total time of smoking (year (p>0.05. In addition, none of the SF-36 parameters differed between the groups (p>0.05. Discussion: Symptoms due to a long time cigarette consumption are determined to appear generally around the age 40. Depending on this issue, the similarity in the perception of quality of life between the groups leads us to think that a cumulative negative effect of cigarette on quality of life has not been established yet when the mean age, duration of cigarette consumption (year and the amount of consumption (package/year of the cases are taken into account. [J Contemp Med 2016; 6(1.000: 16-24

  5. 75 FR 80112 - Designation of Three Individuals and Seven Entities Pursuant to Executive Order 13224

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-12-21

    ... follows: 1. TAJIDEEN, Ali (a.k.a. TAGEDDINE, Ali Mohamed; a.k.a. TAJ AL DIN, Ali; a.k.a. TAJEDDIN, Ali... Lebanon (individual) [SDGT] 2. TAJIDEEN, Husayn (a.k.a. TAJ AL DIN, Husayn; a.k.a. TAJIDEEN, Hussein; a.k...

  6. De l’occidentalisation du soufisme à la réislamisation du New Age ? Sufi Order International et la globalisation du religieux

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Alix Philippon

    2014-09-01

    Full Text Available Sufi Order International (SOI a été fondé au début du xxe siècle en Occident et pour un public occidental par Hazrat Inayat Khan, un musicien et disciple de l’ordre soufi indien de la Chishtiyya. Ce groupe offre l’exemple d’un soufisme occidental ayant trouvé sa place dans la nébuleuse New Age en embrassant des formes syncrétiques de spiritualité et en mettant l’accent sur l’universalisme du message soufi, par-delà l’islam per se. En retour, ce soufisme occidental a commencé à féconder les terres musulmanes en répondant aux demandes d’une bourgeoisie libérale et occidentalisée réfractaires aux offres religieuses généralement disponibles sur place et qui a trouvé dans ce discours soufi universaliste une voie d’accès acceptable à l’islam, passé au tamis de la modernité religieuse. Au travers de terrains en Suisse et au Pakistan au sein de SOI, cet article vise à analyser les dynamiques du mode de croyance contemporain articulées avec celles de la mondialisation religieuse.

  7. Resonance – Journal of Science Education | Indian Academy of ...

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    Author Affiliations. R Mohanraj1 P A Azeez2. EIA Division, Salim Ali Centre for Ornithology and Natural History, Anaikatty Coimbatore 641108, India. EIA Division, Salim Ali Centre for Ornithology and Natural History, Anaikatty Coimbatore 641 108, India.

  8. Health economic evaluation of home and hospital-based care in ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Health economic evaluation of home and hospital-based care in T2D patients on insulin therapy. Ali Janati, Mohamad Ali Sarabchian, Bahram Mohaghegh, Naser Aghmohamadzadeh, Hesam Seyedin, Masumeh Gholizadeh, Edris Hasanpoor ...

  9. African Journal of Biotechnology - Vol 10, No 39 (2011)

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Studies on Buddleja asiatica antibacterial, antifungal, antispasmodic and Ca antagonist activities · EMAIL FREE FULL TEXT EMAIL FREE FULL TEXT DOWNLOAD FULL TEXT DOWNLOAD FULL TEXT. F Ali, I Ali, HU Khan, AU Khan, AH Gilani, 7679-7683 ...

  10. Spectral analysis and anti-bacterial activity of methanolic fruit extract ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Spectral analysis and anti-bacterial activity of methanolic fruit extract of Citrullus colocynthis using gas chromatography-mass spectrometry. Salah Ali Idan, Ali Hussein Al-Marzoqi, Imad Hadi Hameed ...

  11. Ascertainment of acute liver injury in two European primary care databases

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Ruigómez, A.; Brauer, R.; Rodríguez, L. A García; Huerta, C.; Requena, G.; Gil, M.; de Abajo, Francisco; Downey, G.; Bate, A.; Tepie, M. Feudjo; de Groot, M.C.H.; Schlienger, R.; Reynolds, R.; Klungel, O.

    2014-01-01

    Purpose The purpose of this study was to ascertain acute liver injury (ALI) in primary care databases using different computer algorithms. The aim of this investigation was to study and compare the incidence of ALI in different primary care databases and using different definitions of ALI. Methods

  12. Hrana in vzgoja za trajnostni razvoj : kruh

    OpenAIRE

    Krnel, Dušan

    2017-01-01

    Kruh in peciva vedno vsebujejo 4 osnovne sestavine: moko, vodo, sol in kvas ali droži. To je definirano kot pred-testo ali temeljno testo, ki ga sestavljajo moka, voda in mikroorganizmi (glive kvasovke, bakterije mlečnega kisanja ali bakterije ocetnega kisanja (acetobacteraceae).

  13. Browse Title Index

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Items 1 - 50 of 379 ... Sally Mahmood Mohamed Hussin Omar, Fardos Ahmed El-Kalaa, El Sebai Farag Ali, Ali Ali Abd El-Karim, Nancy Mohamed El Sekily. Vol 52, No 2 (2016) ... Hamoud S Taher, Abrar S Hayat, Mohamed Y Hussain, Thuraya AA Ghayath, Mohamed I Kamel, Medhat K El-Shazly. Vol 46, No 4 (2010), Attitude ...

  14. Alexandria Bulletin

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    hsa

    397. Bull. Alex. Fac. Med. 46 No.4, 2010. © 2010 Alexandria Faculty of Medicine. Adiponectin: A Differential Marker. Between Steatosis And Steatohepatitis. 1Hoda Aly Abd El Moety, 2Dalia Aly Maharem, 3Marwa El Gandour,. 4Amr Aly Abd El Moety. 1,3Chemical pathology, Medical Research Institute,2 Internal medicine, ...

  15. The divergent clinical presentations of transfusion-related acute lung injury illustrated by two case reports

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Vlaar, Alexander P. J.; Porcelijn, Leendert; van Rooijen-Schreurs, Ingeborgh H. M.; Lardy, Neubury Maxton; Kersten, Marie Jose; Juffermans, Nicole P.

    2010-01-01

    Background: Although the 2-event pathogenesis of transfusion-related (TR) acute lung injury (ALI) has been accepted as an explanatory model, case reports classically describe patients without other risk factors for ALI. Patients who exhibit another risk factor for the onset of ALI may be neglected

  16. Efficient and Safe Chemical Gas Generators with Nanocomposite Reactive Materials

    Science.gov (United States)

    2015-11-30

    Marco A. Machado, Daniel A. Rodriguez, Yasmine Aly, Mirko Schoenitz, Edward L. Dreizin, Evgeny Shafirovich. Nanocomposite and mechanically alloyed...Marco Machado, Daniel Rodriguez, Yasmine Aly, Mirko Schoenitz, Edward Dreizin, Evgeny Shafirovich. Nanocomposite and mechanically alloyed reactive...Rodriguez, Marco Machado, Yasmine Aly, Mirko Schoenitz, Edward Dreizin, Evgeny Shafirovich. Combustible mixtures for oxygen and hydrogen generation based on

  17. Anatomical and magnetic resonance imaging study of the medial ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Sally Mahmood Mohamed Hussin Omar

    2015-07-10

    Jul 10, 2015 ... Anatomical and magnetic resonance imaging study of the medial collateral ligament of the ankle joint. Sally Mahmood Mohamed Hussin Omar a. , Fardos Ahmed El-Kalaa a. ,. El Sebai Farag Ali b. , Ali Ali Abd El-Karim c. , Nancy Mohamed El Sekily d,. * a Department of Anatomy and Embryology, Faculty of ...

  18. Application of international recommendations to the national legislation of the GDR concerning the stipulation of internal radiation dose limits

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Przyborowski, S.

    1986-01-01

    It is reported on stipulations of the GDR radiation protection legislation, especially on quantities such as annual limit of intake (ALI), limit values of mean annual radioactive concentration in the atmosphere, relation of the ALI of single persons of the population to the ALI of radiation workers as well as exemption limits for radioactive materials

  19. Quels sont les obstacles au développement de la dématérialisation dans le secteur médical public à l’ère du numérique et de la quête du zéro papier ? Étude de cas de l’établissement hospitalier Ali Ait Idir d’Alger

    OpenAIRE

    Bitat, Aida

    2017-01-01

    Les technologies de l’information et de la communication rencontrent un vif engouement dans pratiquement tous les secteurs d’activité, ce qui a conduit à un changement significatif dans les modes de communication et de travail, c’est notamment le cas pour le secteur de la santé qui est fortement bénéficiaire de la dématérialisation de ses processus. Une réorganisation, ainsi qu’une formation continue du personnel en faveur du développement et de l’intégration des nouvelles technologies de l’i...

  20. Žiniasklaidos organizacijos nuosavybės struktūros ir žiniasklaidos priemonės šališkumo raiškos santykis (Lietuvos nacionalinių dienraščių tyrimas 2004 m. Lietuvos prezidento rinkimų kampanijos metu)

    OpenAIRE

    Jastramskis, Deimantas

    2010-01-01

    The research problem: The ownership structure of media organizations is comprised of natural persons and legal persons who have the right to ownership of property of media organizations (legal persons). In Lithuania, citizens of Lithuania and foreign citizens, with the exception of banks, political parties, state (with some exceptions) and municipal institutions and offices (except science and educational institutions), can act as participants (shareholders and partners) of media organizatio...

  1. On the AlxGa1-xN/AlyGa1-yN/AlxGa1-xN (x>y) p-electron blocking layer to improve the hole injection for AlGaN based deep ultraviolet light-emitting diodes

    Science.gov (United States)

    Chu, Chunshuang; Tian, Kangkai; Fang, Mengqian; Zhang, Yonghui; Li, Luping; Bi, Wengang; Zhang, Zi-Hui

    2018-01-01

    This work proposes the [0001] oriented AlGaN-based deep ultraviolet (DUV) light-emitting diode (LED) possessing a specifically designed p-electron blocking layer (p-EBL) to achieve the high internal quantum efficiency. Both electrons and holes can be efficiently injected into the active region by adopting the Al0.60Ga0.40N/Al0.50Ga0.50N/Al0.60Ga0.40N structured p-EBL, in which a p-Al0.50Ga0.50N layer is embedded into the p-EBL. Moreover, the impact of different thicknesses for the p-Al0.50Ga0.50N insertion layer on the hole and electron injections has also been investigated. Compared with the DUV LED with the bulk p-Al0.60Ga0.40N as the EBL, the proposed LED architectures improve the light output power if the thickness of the p-Al0.50Ga0.50N insertion layer is properly designed.

  2. Intégration de fonctions avancées à l'inter-strate de pièces réalisées par le procédé de Stratoconception. Méthodologie et développement des outils associés

    OpenAIRE

    Delebecque, Benoît

    2007-01-01

    Our research works are related to rapid prototyping, and specially to a solid layer manufacturing process, thé Stratoconception.The process consists in automatically decomposing thé object into a séries of elementary layers, called strata, into which positioning inserts are placed. Each of thèse strata is directly laid out, and then manufactured using high-speed 2.5 axis micro-milling or 5-axis laser cutting of slabs of material. Ail of thèse éléments are then assembled in order to reconstruc...

  3. Stratégies paysannes en matière de sécurité alimentaire et de commercialisation céréalière : le rôle des banques de Céréales dans le nord du plateau central du Burkina Faso

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Yonli, Paramanga Ernest

    1997-01-01

    ln dit proefschrift wordt de rol van graanbanken op het Centrale Plateau in Burkina Faso bestudeerd. Dit Plateau, dat ongeveer twee keer zo groot is als Nederland, is de dichtst bevolkte streek van Burkina Faso. Het grootste deel van de bevolking bestaat uit boeren en hun gezinnen, die vooral voor

  4. Studium diverzity a aktivity mikrobního společenstva výsypkových substrátů ovlivněných aktivitou pionýrského druhu žížaly .i.Lumbricus rubellus./i. (Oligochaeta: Lumbricidae)

    Czech Academy of Sciences Publication Activity Database

    Krištůfek, Václav; Frouz, Jan; Elhottová, Dana; Márialigeti, K.; Borsodi, A.; Tóth, E.; Ruznyak, A.; Chroňáková, Alica; Uhlířová, E.; Pižl, Václav; Šustr, Vladimír; Baldrian, Petr

    2007-01-01

    Roč. 15, č. 1 (2007), VII-VIII ISSN 1210-4612 R&D Projects: GA MŠk LC06066; GA MŠk 2B06154; GA AV ČR 1QS600660505 Grant - others:MŠMT(CZ) 12/2004 Institutional research plan: CEZ:AV0Z60660521; CEZ:AV0Z50200510 Source of funding: V - iné verejné zdroje Keywords : microbial community * saprophagous fauna * diverzity Subject RIV: EH - Ecology, Behaviour

  5. Mikroskopické houby Amatérské jeskyně (Moravský kras) - porovnání mykobioty v jeskynním sedimentu a ve střevním traktu a exkrementech jeskynní populace žížaly .i.Aporrectodea rosea./i

    Czech Academy of Sciences Publication Activity Database

    Nováková, Alena; Pižl, Václav

    -, č. 38 (2011), s. 46 ISSN 1335-7689. [Česko-slovenská vedecká mykologická konferencia /2./. 25.10.2011-27.10.2011, Smolenice] Institutional research plan: CEZ:AV0Z60660521 Keywords : microscopic fungi * Amateur Cave * Aporrectodea rosea earthworm Subject RIV: EH - Ecology, Behaviour

  6. Geçmişten günümüze musikişinas Ali B. Nafi (Ziryab)’nin endülüs kültür hayatına ve avrupaya etkileri

    OpenAIRE

    Tartut, Esra

    2015-01-01

    Bu çalışmada Ziryab figürünün Endülüs kültür hayatı ile Avrupa’ya etkileri saptanmaya çalışılmıştır. Özelde Ziryab genelde doğu simgesinin Batı medeniyetinin oluşumundaki etkilerinin sorgulanması çalışmamızın ana problemidir. Bu çalışmanın ana konusu; Ziryab’ın Bağdat kültür ve medeniyetini taşıdığı Kurtuba’da mûsikî, konservatuvar, modern pedagojik eğitim, hitabet, astroloji ve moda tasarımı alanındaki öncülüğü ile onun Endülüs ve Avrupa kültür ve medeniyetine etkileri, dolayısıyla Ziryab fi...

  7. Çokanlamlilik Ve Değiştirim Üzerine Anlambilimsel Bir Çalişma: Fransizcada Algilama Eylemleri Une Etude Sémantique Sur La Polysémie Et La Commutation : Le Cas Des Verbes De Perception En Français

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Fulya BOYRAZ

    2013-09-01

    Full Text Available Dans ce travail, nous avons distingué l’expression linguistique dela perception d’une phénoménologie de la perception et nous n’avonsétudié que les “verbes de perception”. Il faut noter justement ici que lesverbes dont le contenu sémantique désigne le perceptible (comme puer,luire… sont très différents des verbes qui imposent l’achèvement de laperception (voir, entendre… et des verbes dont la signification impliqueune intention précise (regarder, toucher, écouter…. Dans ce cadre, cespremiers sont écartés de cette étude. Cet article vise à aborder lesproblèmes engendrés par la polysémie et la commutation. Nous avonssuivi une démarche sémantique et discursive en vue d’observer lesacceptions de ces verbes et d’exposer les sous-catégories en tenantcompte de la richesse d’expression que fournissent ces verbes.Il est possible de définir la commutation comme fait desubstitutiond’un mot par un autre lorsqu’ils sont polysémiques ou lorsqu’ilsrenvoient à la même zone de signification. Bien que les verbes deperception en français soient polysémiques, il n’est pas difficile derelever le sens discursif en tenant compte du contexte et lacommutation peut se faire selon les possibilités du contexte. Toutefois,il y a des cas où ces verbes sont employés pour désigner plutôt lerésultat d’une activité intellectuelle et ils recouvrent dans ce cadre, lasignification du verbe “comprendre”. Le fait qui ne permet pas tojoursune commutation entre ces verbes et qui pose certains problèmesdidactiques, surtout pour expliquer le sens linguistique et la valeurdiscursive dans l’enseignement du français langue étrangère. Bu çalışmada, algılamanın dilsel ifadesi olan sözcükler, bir olgu olan “algı”dan ayrılmış ve sadece sözcük türü olarak “algılama eylemleri” araştırma konusu yapılmıştır. Anlamsal içeriği, kokmak, parıldamak, çatırdamak gibi algılananın algıya neden olan özelliklerini ifade eden eylemlerin, algılama eyleminin gerçekleşimini ifade eden eylemlerden (görmek, duymak gibi ve algılamaya yöneltilen bilinçli eylemlerden (bakmak, dinlemek, dokunmak gibi ayrı tutulması gerekir. Bu çalışmada, yukarıda sözü edilen eylemlerden ilk grubu oluşturanlar inceleme dışında tutulmuş ve algıya yönelik bilinçli ve istemli algı ifade den eylemlerle, bu eylemlerin bir sonucu olarak ortya çıkan algılama ya da algılayamama durumunu ifade eden eylemler söz konusu edilmiştir. Çalışmamızda Fransızca’daki algılama eylemleri, özellikle çokanlamlı yapıları nedeniyle ortaya koydukları sorunlar çerçevesinde anlambilimsel açıdan ve söylemsel boyuttaki ifade zenginlikleri nedeniyle söylemsel açıdan ele alınmıştır.Değiştirim anlamdaş ya da yakın anlamlı sözcükler arasında birbirinin yerine geçme durumu olarak tanımlanabilir ve değiştirim yapılabilmesi için sözcede (énoncé ya da tümcede (phrase anlamsal ve söylemsel değerin korunması ön koşuldur. Fransızcanın algılama eylemleri (toucher, regarder, voir, écouter, entendre, sentir çokanlamlı yapıya sahip olmalarına rağmen söylem içerisinde ve bağlam değerlendirildiğinde anlamları kesinleşmekte ve değişitirim (commutation söz konusu bağlamın izin verdiği ölçüde, gerçekleşebilmektedir. Oysa ki bu sözcükler duyusal algı değil de zihinsel algı sürecinin sonucu olan “anlamak” sözcüğünün yerine geçtikleri zaman dilsel ve söylemsel sorunlar ortaya çıkmakta, değişitirim seçenekleri daralmakta ve özellikle Fransızcanın yabancı dil olarak öğretiminde söylemsel değeri açıklamak daha zor hale gelmektedir.

  8. WORD BORROWING AND VOCABULARY EXCHANGE IN TURKISH DIALECTS: CASE OF OSMANIYE TATAR DIALECT / TÜRK LEHÇELERI ARASINDA SÖZCÜK ALIS VERISI VE SÖZ VARLIĞI DEĞISIMI: OSMANIYE TATAR AĞZI ÖRNEĞI

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Dr. Ercan ALKAYA

    2008-08-01

    Full Text Available The basic vocabulary which constructs the main vocabulary of alanguage is the word that is transferred from generation to generation in everylanguage, has importance of first degree and reflects important concepts aboutmankind and his environment. The words dealing with body, color, andconcepts about nature, animal names, numbers, and the most used verbs,words of holy concepts and persons and traditions consist of basic vocabularyof a language. In this study, the change in vocabulary of Kazan Tatar Turks, whomigrated from Kazan, Orenburg and Samara regions and inhabited in thevillage of Osmaniye of Çifteler, Eskisehir after 1884, was investigated. Thedialects of Tatar Turks who migrated from Kazan and its surrounding areawere affected by the local people who have been living in that region. Thoughthey still protect phonetical and morphological features of their language, itwas affected by the local dialect and Turkey Turkish.The main changes in the vocabulary of Tatar Turks in Osmaniye villagewere evaluated under several headings.

  9. « Le plus beau rêve réalisé » “ The most beautiful dream has come true ”: The ’Journal of Salonique’ and the Young Turks 1rst July 1908-30th June 1909

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Joëlle Dalègre

    2012-05-01

    Full Text Available Le « Journal de Salonique », francophone et francophile, salue avec enthousiasme la Révolution Jeune-Turque à Salonique. Fidèle aux idéaux de la Révolution Française, il assure un soutien indéfectible aux Jeunes-Turcs en qui il place tous ses espoirs pour un nouvel Empire ottoman. Saadi et Samuel Levy en font un journal riche en informations à la fois sur la vie de Salonique et sur les nouveautés politiques. Il s’oppose également aux sionistes, jugeant que Salonique est, pour un Juif, le meilleur endroit de la terre et il invite les organisations juives à investir dans les tchifliks de Macédoine pour y établir les Juifs chassés d’Europe orientale par les pogroms.The “ Journal de Salonique ”, a French speaking and France loving newspaper, welcomes the revolution of the Young Turks on Thessaloniki with great enthusiasm. Faithful to the ideals of the French Revolution, it provided strong support to the Young Turks in which it places its hopes for a new Ottoman Empire. Saadi and Samuel Levy have given us a newspaper rich in information regarding the life of Thessaloniki and political novelty. It was opposed to the Zionists,maintaining the notion that Thessaloniki is the best place on earth for a Jew. So, the newspaper invited Jewish organizations to invest in tchifliks in Macedonia, in order to establish there the Jews who were expelled from eastern Europe by the pogroms.

  10. Anatoli. De l'Anatolie à la Caspienne : territoires, politique, sociétés : publié avec le concours du CNRS, Unité mixte de recherche Géographie-cités/[directeur de la publication Ali Kazancigil ; Georges Prévélakis

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Céline Pierre Magnani

    2011-12-01

    Full Text Available Les éditions du CNRS se sont chargées de publier et diffuser cette nouvelle revue (http://www.cnrseditions.fr/Geographie/6306-anatoli-.html. Il s’agit d’une publication annuelle consacrée à l’étude pluridisciplinaire du vaste espace qui s’étend de l’Adriatique à la Caspienne. Elle s’intéresse aux cultures – grecque, latine, slave, turque, persane, géorgienne, arménienne, juive, etc. – qui l’ont habité et façonné. Les territoires de cet espace, aujourd’hui fragmenté, furent jadis unifiés, au ...

  11. Contenus et répartition des échanges entre élèves de première année du primaire au cours de tâches d’écriture réalisées en dyade

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Natalie Lavoie

    2008-12-01

    Full Text Available Abstract This study aimed to compare student dyads engaged in writing tasks in terms of how the content of the exchanges and the number of interactions varied in relation to the type of grouping and the point in the school year in which the tasks were carried out. To this end, thirty dyads composed of Grade 1 elementary students with good and poor writing skill levels were observed on three occasions. The videotaped exchanges were analyzed using a grid. Results show that that there was no significant relation between the type of grouping in terms of gender and the number of interactions or the content of the exchanges. However, the subjects’ writing skill level was significantly related to the number of interactions produced by dyads and the content of their exchanges as well as the number of interactions as a function of the point in the school year.

  12. Logo ali, no final da avenida: Os sertões redefinidos pelo movimento sanitarista da Primeira República Just down there, at the end of the avenue: Os sertões redefined by the sanitation movement during the First Republic

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Gilberto Hochman

    1998-07-01

    Full Text Available O artigo aborda os esforços do movimento sanitarista brasileiro em redefinir, entre 1910 e 1920, as fronteiras entre os sertões e o litoral, entre o interior e as cidades, entre o Brasil rural e o urbano, em função do que consideravam o principal problema nacional: a saúde pública. Este movimento divulgou exaustivamente uma definição essencialmente médico-política desses limites: os sertões dos médicos-higienistas caracterizavam-se pela concomitante ausência de poder público e onipresença de doenças endêmicas. Por meio de uma intensa campanha de opinião pública, os médicos-higienistas convenceram as elites políticas de que esses sertões estavam mais próximos do que elas imaginavam criando, assim, as bases para as primeiras ações nacionais de saúde pública na década de 1920.Between 1910 and 1920, the Brazilian sanitation movement endeavored to redefine the boundaries between backlands and coast, interior and cities, rural Brazil and urban Brazil, in accordance with what sanitarians then deemed the nation’s key problem: public health. The movement relentlessly defended an essentially medical-political definition of these borders: in the eyes of sanitarian physicians, the backlands were characterized by the absence of government and the omnipresence of endemic diseases. Through an intensive public opinion campaign, doctors and sanitarians convinced the political elites that the backlands were closer than they thought. This rural sanitation drive had political consequences: it laid the foundations for the first public health initiatives of national scope during the 1920s.

  13. Translation into Turkish of: “Changes to publication requirements made at the XVIII International Botanical Congress in Melbourne – what does e-publication mean for you?”. Translated by Ali A. Dönmez, Yusuf Menemen and Zübeyde Uğurlu

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sandra Knapp

    2012-03-01

    Full Text Available Changes to the International Code of Botanical Nomenclature are decided on every 6 years at Nomenclature Sections associated with International Botanical Congresses (IBC. The XVIII IBC was held in Melbourne, Australia; the Nomenclature Section met on 18-22 July 2011 and its decisions were accepted by the Congress at its plenary session on 30 July. Several important changes were made to the Code as a result of this meeting that will affect publication of new names. Two of these changes will come into effect on 1 January 2012, some months before the Melbourne Code is published. Electronic material published online in Portable Document Format (PDF with an International Standard Serial Number (ISSN or an International Standard Book Number (ISBN will constitute effective publication, and the requirement for a Latin description or diagnosis for names of new taxa will be changed to a requirement for a description or diagnosis in either Latin or English. In addition, effective from 1 January 2013, new names of organisms treated as fungi must, in order to be validly published, include in the protologue (everything associated with a name at its valid publication the citation of an identifier issued by a recognized repository (such as MycoBank. Draft text of the new articles dealing with electronic publication is provided and best practice is outlined.To encourage dissemination of the changes made to the International Code of Nomenclature for algae, fungi, and plants, this article will be published in BMC Evolutionary Biology, Botanical Journal of the Linnean Society, Brittonia, Cladistics, MycoKeys, Mycotaxon, New Phytologist, North American Fungi, Novon, Opuscula Philolichenum, PhytoKeys, Phytoneuron, Phytotaxa, Plant Diversity and Resources, Systematic Botany and Taxon.

  14. Translation into Turkish of: “Changes to publication requirements made at the XVIII International Botanical Congress in Melbourne – what does e-publication mean for you?”. Translated by Ali A. Dönmez, Yusuf Menemen and Zübeyde Uğurlu

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sandra Knapp

    2011-11-01

    Full Text Available Changes to the International Code of Botanical Nomenclature are decided on every 6 years at Nomenclature Sections associated with International Botanical Congresses (IBC. The XVIII IBC was held in Melbourne, Australia; the Nomenclature Section met on 18-22 July 2011 and its decisions were accepted by the Congress at its plenary session on 30 July. Several important changes were made to the Code as a result of this meeting that will affect publication of new names. Two of these changes will come into effect on 1 January 2012, some months before the Melbourne Code is published. Electronic material published online in Portable Document Format (PDF with an International Standard Serial Number (ISSN or an International Standard Book Number (ISBN will constitute effective publication, and the requirement for a Latin description or diagnosis for names of new taxa will be changed to a requirement for a description or diagnosis in either Latin or English. In addition, effective from 1 January 2013, new names of organisms treated as fungi must, in order to be validly published, include in the protologue (everything associated with a name at its valid publication the citation of an identifier issued by a recognized repository (such as MycoBank. Draft text of the new articles dealing with electronic publication is provided and best practice is outlined.To encourage dissemination of the changes made to the International Code of Nomenclature for algae, fungi, and plants, this article will be published in BMC Evolutionary Biology, Botanical Journal of the Linnean Society, Brittonia, Cladistics, MycoKeys, Mycotaxon, New Phytologist, North American Fungi, Novon, Opuscula Philolichenum, PhytoKeys, Phytoneuron, Phytotaxa, Plant Diversity and Resources, Systematic Botany and Taxon.

  15. Scale Effects in Laboratory and Pilot-Plant Reactors for Trickle-Flow Processes Les conséquences de l'extrapolation appliquée aux procédés à écoulement ruisselant réalisés en laboratoire et dans les réacteurs des unités-pilotes

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sie S. T.

    2006-11-01

    Full Text Available Research and development studies in a laboratory are necessarily conducted on a scale which is orders of magnitude smaller than that in commercial practice. In the case of the development and commercialization of an unprecedented novel process technology, available laboratory results have to be translated into envisaged technology on a commercial scale, i. e. the problem is that of scaling-up. However, in many circumstances the commercial technology is more or less defined as far as type of reactor is concerned and laboratory studies are concerned with the generation of predictive information on the behaviour of new catalysts, alternative feedstocks, etc. , in such a reactor. In many cases the complexity of feed composition and reaction kinetics preclude the prediction to be made on the basis of a combination of fundamental kinetic data and computer models, so that there is no other option than to simulate the commercial reactor on a laboratory scale, i. e. the problem is that of scaling-down. From the point of view of R & D Defficiency, the scale of the laboratory experiments should be as small as possible without detracting from the meaningfulness of the results. In the present paper some problems in the scaling-down of a trickle-flow reactor as applied in hydrotreating processes to kinetically equivalent laboratory reactors of different sizes will be discussed. Two main aspects relating to inequalities in fluid dynamics resulting from the differences in scale will be treated in more detail, viz. deviations from ideal plug flow and non ideal wetting or irrigation of the catalyst particles. Although a laboratory reactor can never be a true small-scale replica of a commercial trickle-flow reactor in all respects, it can nevertheless be made to provide representative data as far as the catalytic conversion aspects are concerned. By ressorting to measures such as catalyst bed dilution with fine catalytically inert material it proves possible to carry out meaningful process research on hydrotreating processes on the scale of micro-reactors. Les études et mises au point effectuées en laboratoire sont nécessairement effectuées à plus petite échelle que les réalisations commerciales. Dans le cas de la mise au point et de la commercialisation de la technologie d'un procédé nouveau, il faudra traduire les résultats obtenus en laboratoire pour la technologie envisagée à l'échelle commerciale; le problème est donc l'extrapolation vers le haut. Cependant, bien souvent, la technologie commerciale, pour ce qui touche au type de réacteur, est plus ou moins bien définie et les études de laboratoire s'attachent à produire des données permettant de prévoir le comportement qu'auront dans ce réacteur des catalyseurs nouveaux, de matières premières de substitution, etc. Dans bien des cas, étant donné la complexité de la composition de la matière première et la cinétique de réaction, il est impossible de mener la prévision en s'appuyant sur les données cinétiques et les modèles informatiques, de sorte qu'il n'y a pas d'autre solution que la simulation du réacteur commercial à l'échelle du laboratoire; le problème est donc l'extrapolation vers le bas. Du point de vue de l'efficacité des études de recherche et développement, pour les expériences en laboratoire, l'échelle devra être aussi petite que possible sans nuire à la signification des résultats. Le présent article examine certains problèmes liés à l'extrapolation vers le bas d'un réacteur à écoulement ruisselant telle qu'elle est appliquée dans les procédés d'hydrotraitement à des réacteurs de laboratoire de tailles différentes cinétiquement équivalents. Deux aspects principaux relatifs à des inégalités de dynamique des fluides résultant de différences d'échelle sont décrits plus en détail, i. e. les écarts par rapport à un écoulement idéal donnant lieu à un effet bouchon et au mouillage ou à l'irrigation non-idéal des particules de catalyseur. Bien qu'un réacteur de laboratoire ne puisse jamais être la réplique exacte à petite échelle d'un réacteur commercial à écoulement ruisselant, il peut néanmoins être conçu de façon à fournir des données représentatives en ce qui concerne les aspects de la conversion catalytique. En considérant les mesures telles que la dilution du lit de catalyseur à l'aide d'un produit inerte du point de vue catalytique, il se révèle possible de mener à bien une recherche significative sur les procédés d'hydrotraitement à l'échelle des micro-réacteurs.

  16. Les représentations sociales de la profession de sage-femme chez des femmes enceintes après les manifestations d'octobre 2013Étude qualitative réalisée dans les départements des Bouches-du-Rhône et du Vaucluse

    OpenAIRE

    Arquier, Adeline

    2017-01-01

    Introduction: « So, midwife, how many years after a nurse? ». The profession of midwife seems to be little known. This "beautiful craft" has evolved over time in terms of skills, training and knowledge making it unclear to the public. It is a medical profession with many different skills that are widening regularly. Three years have elapsed since the beginning of the strike and it seemed interesting to know what were the social representations of pregnant women about the roles and competences...

  17. Browse Author Index

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Items 101 - 150 of 690 ... Alarima, CI · Albert, C.O. · Aldosri, Fahad Owis · Alfred, Simeon Dada · Ali, A · Ali, Abdurrahman · Ali, FS · Aliyu, JA · Alonge, Grace O. Alufohai, Grace E. Amadu, FO · Amaechina, EC · Amare, Zerihun Yohannes · Aminu, AB · Ammani, AA · Amolegbe, Khadijat Busola · Amu, CJ · Anaeto, CF · Anaeto, FC

  18. Endovascular Management of Acute Limb Ischemia.

    LENUS (Irish Health Repository)

    Hynes, Brian G

    2011-09-14

    Despite major advances in pharmacologic and endovascular therapies, acute limb ischemia (ALI) continues to result in significant morbidity and mortality. The incidence of ALI may be as high as 13-17 cases per 100,000 people per year, with mortality rates approaching 18% in some series. This review will address the contemporary endovascular management of ALI encompassing pharmacologic and percutaneous interventional treatment strategies.

  19. Infection site is predictive of outcome in acute lung injury associated with severe sepsis and septic shock.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Fujishima, Seitaro; Gando, Satoshi; Daizoh, Saitoh; Kushimoto, Shigeki; Ogura, Hiroshi; Mayumi, Toshihiko; Takuma, Kiyotsugu; Kotani, Joji; Yamashita, Norio; Tsuruta, Ryosuke; Takeyama, Naoshi; Shiraishi, Shin-Ichiro; Araki, Tsunetoshi; Suzuki, Koichiro; Ikeda, Hiroto; Miki, Yasuo; Suzuki, Yasushi; Yamaguchi, Yoshihiro; Aikawa, Naoki

    2016-07-01

    Sepsis is a leading cause of acute lung injury (ALI); however, the characteristics and outcome of sepsis-associated ALI are poorly understood. We aimed to elucidate factors that predict patient outcome in sepsis-associated ALI. Secondary analysis of a multicenter, prospective, observational study was performed. Among 624 patients with severe sepsis and septic shock, 251 (40.2%) fulfilled the definition of American-European Consensus Conference definition of ALI. All-cause 28-day and in-hospital mortalities were 30.7% and 38.6%, respectively. More than 40% of ALI patients had neurological, cardiovascular and haematological dysfunctions or disseminated intravascular coagulation, all of which were associated with higher mortality. We report a significant correlation between infection site and mortality in patients with ALI, but not in those without ALI. The proportion of ALI was significantly higher in pulmonary sepsis; further, a complication of ALI was associated with higher mortality in sepsis from pulmonary and other sources, but not in abdominal sepsis. Among the other sepsis sites, urinary tract, central nervous system, catheter-related and undetermined foci of infection had worse outcomes when associated with ALI. None of the individual severe sepsis bundles, including fluid resuscitation and early antibiotic administration, correlated with mortality. Compliance with a set of sepsis management bundles was associated with better outcomes. In severe sepsis and septic shock, the proportion and effect on outcome was not uniform among infection sites. The infection site was predictive of outcome in patients with ALI but not in those without ALI. © 2016 Asian Pacific Society of Respirology.

  20. Microbes and Gut-Epithelium

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    2016-08-26

    Aug 26, 2016 ... Author Affiliations. Sarita Ahlawat1. Research Associate Malaria Group International Center for Genetic Engineering and Biotechnology (ICGEB) Aruna Asaf Ali Marg New Delhi 110067, India.

  1. 22q11 deletion syndrome and urogenital manifestationsA clinicopathological case report and review of the literatureM.Vachette MD*, GE.Grant MD*, J.Bouquet de Joliniere MD.PhD*, M. Jotterand MD** N.Ben Ali MD*, A.Feki MD.PhD * and R.Brugger MD.*Department of gynecology and obstetrics, HFR, Fribourg, Switzerland.** Institute of pathology, CHUV, Lausanne, Switzerland.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jean Bouquet De Jolinière

    2016-11-01

    Full Text Available Background: Deletion in the chromosomal region 22q11 results from the abnormal development of the third and fourth pharyngeal pouches during embryonic life and presents an expansive phenotype with more than 180 clinical features described that involve every organ and system. History and Signs: A 23-year-old African woman presented for the first trimester echography, which revealed an isolated anechoic structure suggesting a ureteral dilatation. The suspicion of a malposition of great arteries in the second trimester indicated an amniocentesis leading to a diagnosis of 22q11 deletion. Outcome: At 32 weeks, the patient was admitted for premature rupture of membranes and gave birth 2 weeks later to a male newborn that presented a respiratory distress syndrome and probably died secondary to a tracheal stenosis. Necropsy revealed typical clinical features of 22q11 deletion associated with left renal agenesis, hypospadias and penile hypoplasia. Conclusions: We report a case of 22q11 deletion syndrome with typical clinical features associated with urogenital manifestations suspected at the first trimester ultrasound.

  2. NF-κB2 Controls the Migratory Activity of Memory T Cells by Regulating Expression of CXCR4 in a Mouse Model of Sjögren's Syndrome.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kurosawa, Mie; Arakaki, Rieko; Yamada, Akiko; Tsunematsu, Takaaki; Kudo, Yasusei; Sprent, Jonathan; Ishimaru, Naozumi

    2017-11-01

    Dysregulated chemokine signaling contributes to autoimmune diseases by facilitating aberrant T cell infiltration into target tissues, but the specific chemokines, receptors, and T cell populations remain largely unidentified. The aim of this study was to examine the role of the potent chemokine CXCL12 and its receptor CXCR4 in the T cell autoimmune response, using alymphoplasia (aly)/aly mice, a model of Sjögren's syndrome (SS). T cell phenotypes in the salivary gland of aly/aly mice were evaluated using immunologic analysis. An in vitro migration assay was used to assess T cell migratory activity toward several chemokines. Gene expression of chemokine receptors and transforming growth factor β receptors (TGFβRs) was measured by quantitative reverse transcription-polymerase chain reaction. The CXCR4 antagonist AMD3100 was administered to the aly/aly mice in order to evaluate its suppressive effect on autoimmune lesions. Effector memory T (TEM) cells derived from aly/aly mice demonstrated higher in vitro migratory activity toward CXCL12 than did TEM cells from aly/+ mice. CXCL12 expression was specifically up-regulated in the SS target cells of aly/aly mice. TEM cells from RelB -/- mice, but not Nfkb1 -/- mice, also showed high migratory activity toward CXCL12, implicating a role of the nonclassical RelB/NF-κB2 pathway in the regulation of TEM cell migration. TEM cells from aly/aly mice also overexpressed TGFβR type I (TGFβRI) and TGFβRII. The CXCR4 antagonist AMD3100 suppressed autoimmune lesions in aly/aly mice by reducing TEM cell infiltration. Our results suggest that the RelB/NF-κB2 pathway regulates T cell migration to autoimmune targets through TGFβ/TGFβR-dependent regulation of CXCL12/CXCR4 signaling. This suggests that these signaling pathways are potential therapeutic targets for the treatment of autoimmune diseases. © 2017, American College of Rheumatology.

  3. Alveolar epithelial cells (A549) exposed at the air-liquid interface to diesel exhaust: First study in TNO's powertrain test center

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Kooter, I.M.; Alblas, M.J.; Jedynska, A.D.; Steenhof, M.; Houtzager, M.M.G.; Ras, M.G. van

    2013-01-01

    Air–liquid interface (ALI) exposures enable in vitro testing ofmixtures of gases and particles such as diesel exhaust (DE). The main objective of this study was to investigate the feasibility of exposing human lung epithelial cells at the ALI to complete DE generated by a heavy-duty truck in the

  4. Spoken Word Recognition in Adolescents with Autism Spectrum Disorders and Specific Language Impairment

    Science.gov (United States)

    Loucas, Tom; Riches, Nick; Baird, Gillian; Pickles, Andrew; Simonoff, Emily; Chandler, Susie; Charman, Tony

    2013-01-01

    Spoken word recognition, during gating, appears intact in specific language impairment (SLI). This study used gating to investigate the process in adolescents with autism spectrum disorders plus language impairment (ALI). Adolescents with ALI, SLI, and typical language development (TLD), matched on nonverbal IQ listened to gated words that varied…

  5. Journal of Earth System Science | Indian Academy of Sciences

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    Home; Journals; Journal of Earth System Science. Ali Haghizadeh. Articles written in Journal of Earth System Science. Volume 126 Issue 3 April 2017 pp 39. Forecasting flood-prone areas using Shannon's entropy model · Ali Haghizadeh Safoura Siahkamari Amir Hamzeh Haghiabi Omid Rahmati · More Details Abstract ...

  6. The risk of acute liver injury among users of antibiotic medications in the protect project: The results of a nested case-control study using european outpatient healthcare data

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Brauer, Ruth; Douglas, Ian; Rodriguez, Luis Alberto Garcia; Bate, Andrew; Smeeth, Liam; Reynolds, Robert; Klungel, Olaf|info:eu-repo/dai/nl/181447649; Ruigomez, Ana

    2014-01-01

    Background: The estimated incidence of antibiotic induced acute liver injury (ALI) varies widely, depending on the case definition and source population used. Objectives: We aimed to compare the risk of ALI associated with exposure to any type of antibiotic in a Spanish and United Kingdom (UK)

  7. Journal of Earth System Science | Indian Academy of Sciences

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    Home; Journals; Journal of Earth System Science. Ali Asgari. Articles written in Journal of Earth System Science. Volume 123 Issue 2 March 2014 pp 365-379. Numerical evaluation of seismic response of shallow foundation on loose silt and silty sand · Ali Asgari Aliakbar Golshani Mohsen Bagheri · More Details Abstract ...

  8. Sadhana | Indian Academy of Sciences

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    Home; Journals; Sadhana. ALI EBRAHIMNEJAD. Articles written in Sadhana. Volume 41 Issue 3 March 2016 pp 299-316. Fuzzy linear programming approach for solving transportation problems with interval-valued trapezoidal fuzzy numbers · ALI EBRAHIMNEJAD · More Details Abstract Fulltext PDF. Transportation ...

  9. Author Index

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    Author Index. Ahmad Farooq see Iqbal Naseer, 373. Ali Syed Salman Study of a Large Helical Eruptive Prominence Associated with. Double CME on 21 April 2001, 347; see Uddin Wahab, 267. Ali, A. Chemistry of Carbon Rich Star IRAS 15194–5115, 399. Ambastha Ashok Photospheric, Chromospheric and Helioseismic ...

  10. 77 FR 24587 - Addition of Certain Persons to the Entity List; and Implementation of Entity List Annual Review...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-04-25

    ...: --S. Basheer. Shop No. 3 & 4, Sharafia Ahmed Ali Bldg., Al Nakheel St., Deira, P.O. Box 171978, Dubai...-Seine, France. United Kingdom (1) IKCO Finance, 6 Lothbury, London, England, EC2R 7HH. Savings Clause.... Basheer, No. 3-4 Sharafia Ahmed Ali Building, Al Nakheel, Deira, Dubai 396, U.A.E.;'' 0 (l) By revising...

  11. Browse Title Index

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Items 251 - 300 of 462 ... OSM Ali, MTM Mansour, HT El-Bassyouni, SMA El-Maksoud, RR El-Awady. Vol 13, No 3 (2012), Hepatoadrenal ... in a cohort of Egyptian families, Abstract PDF. AM Kamel, MF Mira, GI Mossallam, GTA Ebid, ER Radwan, NH Aly Eldin, M Mamdouh, M Amin, N Badawy, H Bazaraa, A Ibrahim, N Salah.

  12. Browse Title Index

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Items 101 - 150 of 318 ... MMM Ali, F Alemary, A Alrtail, MM Rzeg, AM Albakush, KS Ghenghesh. Vol 8, No 1 ... Abstract PDF. Sameh Msaad, Rim Marrakchi, Malek Grati, Rahma Gargouri, Samy Kammoun, Kamel Jammoussi, Ilhem Yangui ... MM Mohamed Ali, AH Aburowes, AM Albakush, MM Rzeg, A Alrtail, KS Ghenghesh.

  13. Oxidation of Alcohols by Ferric Nitrate in the Presence of Barium ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    NJD

    Oxidation of Alcohols by Ferric Nitrate in the Presence of. Barium Chloride or Silica Sulphuric Acid under Mild. Heterogeneous Conditions. Davood Habibi,a* Mohammad Ali Zolfigol,a* Farhad Shirini,b Maliheh Safaiee,a Masumeh Abedini b and Payam Rahmani a a Faculty of Chemistry, Bu-Ali Sina University, Hamadan, ...

  14. Sadhana | Indian Academy of Sciences

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    Home; Journals; Sadhana. Hussein M Ali. Articles written in Sadhana. Volume 38 Issue 4 August 2013 pp 743-760. A comparative study on the use of drilling and milling processes in hole making of GFRP composite · Hussein M Ali Asif Iqbal Li Liang · More Details Abstract Fulltext PDF. Drilling and milling processes are ...

  15. Sadhana | Indian Academy of Sciences

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    Home; Journals; Sadhana. Ali Nazari. Articles written in Sadhana. Volume 36 Issue 3 June 2011 pp 371-391. Effects of CuO nanoparticles on compressive strength of self-compacting concrete · Ali Nazari Shadi Riahi · More Details Abstract Fulltext PDF. In the present study, the compressive strength, thermal properties and ...

  16. Journal of Earth System Science | Indian Academy of Sciences

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    Mahasin Ali Khan. Articles written in Journal of Earth System Science. Volume 123 Issue 6 August 2014 pp 1433-1438. First megafossil evidence of Cyatheaceous tree fern from the Indian Cenozoic · Subir Bera Sudha Gupta Mahasin Ali Khan Aniruddha De Radhanath Mukhopadhyay · More Details Abstract Fulltext PDF.

  17. Bulletin of Materials Science | Indian Academy of Sciences

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    Home; Journals; Bulletin of Materials Science. ASGHAR ALI. Articles written in Bulletin of Materials Science. Volume 40 Issue 7 December 2017 pp 1319-1328. Synthesis of Ag 2 Se–graphene–TiO 2 nanocomposite and analysis of photocatalytic activity of CO 2 reduction to CH 3 OH · ASGHAR ALI WON-CHUN OH.

  18. Effect of β−β′ fusion on metal ion complexation of porphycene

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    Lett. 514 96;. (b) Swain D, Anusha P T, Prashant T S, Tewari S P,. Sarma T, Panda P K and Rao S V 2012 Appl. Phys. Lett. 100 141109. 9. Oxford Diffraction. CrysAlis CCD and CrysAlis RED. Versions 1.171.33.55. Oxford Diffraction Ltd, Yarnton,. Oxfordshire, England, 2008. 10. (a) Spek A L PLATON, A Multipurpose Crys-.

  19. Dadhwal VK see Mishra AK 361 Dangkua Donny T see Irsyam ...

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    Spatial distribution of atmospheric carbon monoxide over Bay of Bengal and Arabian Sea: Measurements during pre-monsoon period of 2006. 449. Arunchandra S C see Bhat G S. 911. Asce M see Aytek Ali. 145. Ashrit Raghavendra see Das Someshwar. 603. Aytek Ali. An application of artificial intelligence for rainfall–.

  20. MUTATION AND ITS ROLE IN BIOTECHNOLOGY Ismaila Y. Sudi

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    BSN

    Sudi and Ali - Dunkrah (2005). Nig. J. Biotech. 16 (I) I -29. (A REVIEW). MUTATION AND ITS ROLE IN BIOTECHNOLOGY. Ismaila Y. Sudi. 1 and Umaru Ali-Dunkrah. 2. •. I. Department of ... of the individual increases the likelihood that the mutation will be passed on to the next generation (Yoet, .... every 50 million (5 x 10. 7. ) ...

  1. Detection of methane using multi-walled carbon nanotubes

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    gas sensors behaviour via logical rules. In fifth international conference sensor technologies and applications. Nice August. 21–27 2011 (Nice: IARIA) p 6. 37. Abdullah W F H, Othman M, Ali M A M and Shabiul Islam. M D 2010 WSEAS Trans. Circuits Syst. 9 700. 38. Abdullah W F H, Othman M, Ali M A M and Shabiul Islam.

  2. Investigation on the relationship between systemic burden and annual limits on intake of radionuclides

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Zhou Yongzeng

    1984-01-01

    The concept of systemic burden and the calculation of annual limits on intake (ALI) of radionuclides are discussed. The relationship between these two quantities is also described. Using this relationship, the ratio of actual amount of intake to ALI can be obtained for the assessment of the risk to internal exposure

  3. Case report

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    ebutamanya

    2016-04-14

    Apr 14, 2016 ... Mohamed Ali Sbai1, &, Sofien Benzarti1, Feten Sbei1, Riadh Maalla2. 1Orthopedic ... &Corresponding author: Mohamed Ali Sbai, Orthopedic Surgery and Trauma Department, Maamouri Hospital, Nabeul, Tunisia. Key words: .... Mnif H, Koubaa M, Zrig M, Jawahdou R, Sahnoun N, Abid A. Ganglion cyst of ...

  4. Critical Evaluation of Air-Liquid Interface Exposure Devices for In Vitro Assessment of Atmospheric Pollutants

    Science.gov (United States)

    Exposure of cells to atmospheric pollutants at the air-liquid interface (ALI) is a more realistic approach than exposures of attached cells submerged in liquid medium. However, there is still limited understanding of the ideal ALI device design features that permit reproducible a...

  5. RESO-NA-NCEIJa-nu-a

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    74 BOOK REVIEWS. • The Fall of a Sparrow. The life of Salim Ali. Kartik Shanker. • Quantum Revolution. The Birth of Quantum Mechanics. A K Vijaykumar. 81 REFLECTIONS. An Ornithological Pilgrimage to Lake Manasarowar and Mount Kallas. Salim Ali. Front Cover. The cover picture shows two representations of a.

  6. African Journal of Biotechnology - Vol 12, No 9 (2013)

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Molecular identification of Giardia lamblia isolates from adult human cases in southwest of Iran · EMAIL FREE FULL TEXT EMAIL FREE FULL TEXT · DOWNLOAD FULL TEXT DOWNLOAD FULL TEXT. Elham Sadat Roointan, Abdollah Rafiei, Ali Reza Samarbaf-Zadeh, Ali Akbar Shayesteh, Ahmad Shamsizadeh, Mahdi ...

  7. Sadhana | Indian Academy of Sciences

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    Home; Journals; Sadhana. Mostafa E Aly. Articles written in Sadhana. Volume 30 Issue 1 February 2005 pp 47-55. Noise assessment inside the second-line of the Greater Cairo Underground Metro · Mostafa E Aly · More Details Abstract Fulltext PDF. Underground metro trains, which connect different terminals of big ...

  8. African Journal of Biotechnology - Vol 13, No 39 (2014)

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Genetic variability in coat protein gene of sugarcane mosaic virus in Pakistan and its relationship to other strains · EMAIL FREE FULL TEXT EMAIL FREE FULL TEXT · DOWNLOAD FULL TEXT DOWNLOAD FULL TEXT. S Ali, IA Nasir, A Ali, U Aslam, AM Farooq, M Tariq, B Tabassum, Z Qamar, TR Samiullah, AQ Rao, ...

  9. Pre and Post-monsoon Seasonal Variation of some Heavy Metal ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    ADOWIE PERE

    Sample preparation: The samples were air dried for removal of water contents associated with the sediments. The dried samples were then grinded with pestle mortal ..... of open defecation (7) At the banks of river vegetation should grow to improve the quality of water and sediments. REFERENCES. Ali ,M M; Ali , M L; Islam, ...

  10. Polycyclic Aromatic Hydrocarbons in Air and their Toxic Potency

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    R Mohanraj1 P A Azeez2. EIA Division, Salim Ali Centre for Ornithology and Natural History, Anaikatty Coimbatore 641108, India. EIA Division, Salim Ali Centre for Ornithology and Natural History, Anaikatty Coimbatore 641 108, India. Resonance – Journal of Science Education. Current Issue : Vol. 22, Issue 12.

  11. Kucukoner et al., Afr J Tradit Complement Altern Med. (2013) 10(1 ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    AJTCAM

    dx.doi.org/10.4314/ajtcam.v10i1.4. 21. COMPLEMENTARY AND ALTERNATIVE MEDICINE USAGE IN CANCER PATIENTS IN. SOUTHEAST OF TURKEY. Mehmet Kucukoner1, Zulfikar Bilge2, Abdurrahman Isıkdogan1, M. Ali Kaplan1, Ali Inal1 ...

  12. Feedback and education improve physician compliance in use of lung-protective mechanical ventilation

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Wolthuis, Esther K.; Korevaar, Johanna C.; Spronk, Peter; Kuiper, Michael A.; Dzoljic, Misa; Vroom, Margreeth B.; Schultz, Marcus J.

    2005-01-01

    Objective: Use of lung-protective mechanical ventilation (MV) by applying lower tidal volumes is recommended in patients suffering from acute lung injury (ALI) or acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS). Recent data suggest that lung-protective MV may benefit non-ALI/ARDS patients as well. This

  13. Browse Title Index

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Items 9851 - 9900 of 11090 ... Vol 10, No 39 (2011), Studies on Buddleja asiatica antibacterial, antifungal, antispasmodic and Ca++ antagonist activities, Abstract PDF. F Ali, I Ali, HU Khan, AU Khan, AH Gilani. Vol 9, No 22 (2010), Studies on Meloidogyne javanica infestation on roma tomato (Lycopersicon esculentum Mill) ...

  14. Uncoupling of Glomerular IgA Deposition and Disease Progression in Alymphoplasia Mice with IgA Nephropathy

    Science.gov (United States)

    Aizawa, Masashi; Suzuki, Yusuke; Suzuki, Hitoshi; Pang, Huihua; Kihara, Masao; Nakata, Junichiro; Yamaji, Kenji; Horikoshi, Satoshi; Tomino, Yasuhiko

    2014-01-01

    Previous clinical and experimental studies have indicated that cells responsible for IgA nephropathy (IgAN), at least in part, are localized in bone marrow (BM). Indeed, we have demonstrated that murine IgAN can be experimentally reconstituted by bone marrow transplantation (BMT) from IgAN prone mice in not only normal mice, but also in alymphoplasia mice (aly/aly) independent of IgA+ cells homing to mucosa or secondary lymphoid tissues. The objective of the present study was to further assess whether secondary lymph nodes (LN) contribute to the progression of this disease. BM cells from the several lines of IgAN prone mice were transplanted into aly/aly and wild-type mice (B6). Although the transplanted aly/aly showed the same degree of mesangial IgA and IgG deposition and the same serum elevation levels of IgA and IgA-IgG immune-complexes (IC) as B6, even in extent, the progression of glomerular injury was observed only in B6. This uncoupling in aly/aly was associated with a lack of CD4+ T cells and macrophage infiltration, although phlogogenic capacity to nephritogenic IC of renal resident cells was identical between both recipients. It is suggested that secondary LN may be required for the full progression of IgAN after nephritogenic IgA and IgA/IgG IC deposition. PMID:24743510

  15. Uncoupling of glomerular IgA deposition and disease progression in alymphoplasia mice with IgA nephropathy.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Masashi Aizawa

    Full Text Available Previous clinical and experimental studies have indicated that cells responsible for IgA nephropathy (IgAN, at least in part, are localized in bone marrow (BM. Indeed, we have demonstrated that murine IgAN can be experimentally reconstituted by bone marrow transplantation (BMT from IgAN prone mice in not only normal mice, but also in alymphoplasia mice (aly/aly independent of IgA+ cells homing to mucosa or secondary lymphoid tissues. The objective of the present study was to further assess whether secondary lymph nodes (LN contribute to the progression of this disease. BM cells from the several lines of IgAN prone mice were transplanted into aly/aly and wild-type mice (B6. Although the transplanted aly/aly showed the same degree of mesangial IgA and IgG deposition and the same serum elevation levels of IgA and IgA-IgG immune-complexes (IC as B6, even in extent, the progression of glomerular injury was observed only in B6. This uncoupling in aly/aly was associated with a lack of CD4+ T cells and macrophage infiltration, although phlogogenic capacity to nephritogenic IC of renal resident cells was identical between both recipients. It is suggested that secondary LN may be required for the full progression of IgAN after nephritogenic IgA and IgA/IgG IC deposition.

  16. Tetramethylpyrazine attenuates oleic acid-induced acute lung injury ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    The protein expression of NF-kB in the lung was measured by immunohistochemistry and Western blotting. The results showed an increase in tumor necrosis factor α and interleukin 1β in the ALI/ARDS rat models. The activation of NF-kB was suppressed by TMP in the ALI/ARDS rats. The suppression of those molecules is ...

  17. ALICE-ARC integration

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Anderlik, Csaba; Gregersen, Anders Rhod; Kleist, Josva

    2008-01-01

    Data Grid Facility (NDGF). In this paper we will present our approach to integrate AliEn and ARC, in the sense that ALICE data management and job processing can be carried out on the NDGF infrastructure, using the client tools available in AliEn. The interoperation has two aspects, one is the data...

  18. Amputation des quatre members | Feruzi | Pan African Medical Journal

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    , Mireille Kakinga Zabibu, Jules Panda Mulefu, Francois Tshilombo Katombe. Abstract. Les auteurs présentent les cas d'amputation des quatre membres réalisée chez trois patients différents. Ce sont des amputations réalisées pour chaque ...

  19. Journal of Chemical Sciences | Indian Academy of Sciences

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    Home; Journals; Journal of Chemical Sciences. Afsar Ali. Articles written in Journal of Chemical Sciences. Volume 122 Issue 3 May 2010 pp 311-320 Perspective Articles. Lewis acidic metal catalysed organic transformations by designed multi-component structures and assemblies · Afsar Ali Amit P Singh Rajeev Gupta.

  20. Fulltext PDF

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    Spatial distribution of atmospheric carbon monoxide over Bay of Bengal and Arabian Sea: Measurements during pre-monsoon period of 2006. 449. Arunchandra S C see Bhat G S. 911. Asce M see Aytek Ali. 145. Ashrit Raghavendra see Das Someshwar. 603. Aytek Ali. An application of artificial intelligence for rainfall–.

  1. Acute Limb Ischemia and Outcomes With Vorapaxar in Patients With Peripheral Artery Disease: Results From the Trial to Assess the Effects of Vorapaxar in Preventing Heart Attack and Stroke in Patients With Atherosclerosis-Thrombolysis in Myocardial Infarction 50 (TRA2°P-TIMI 50).

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bonaca, Marc P; Gutierrez, J Antonio; Creager, Mark A; Scirica, Benjamin M; Olin, Jeffrey; Murphy, Sabina A; Braunwald, Eugene; Morrow, David A

    2016-03-08

    Patients with peripheral artery disease (PAD) are at heightened risk of acute limb ischemia (ALI), a morbid event that may result in limb loss. We investigated the causes, sequelae, and predictors of ALI in a contemporary population with symptomatic PAD and whether protease-activated receptor 1 antagonism with vorapaxar reduced ALI overall and by type. The Trial to Assess the Effects of Vorapaxar in Preventing Heart Attack and Stroke in Patients With Atherosclerosis-Thrombolysis in Myocardial Infarction 50 (TRA2°P-TIMI 50) was a randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled trial of vorapaxar in stable patients, including 3787 with symptomatic PAD. ALI was a prespecified adjudicated end point using a formal definition. A total of 150 ALI events occurred in 108 patients during follow-up (placebo 3-year rate, 3.9%; 1.3% annualized). For patients with symptomatic PAD, previous peripheral revascularization, smoking, and the ankle-brachial index were predictive of ALI. The majority of ALI events occurred as a result of surgical graft thrombosis (56%), followed by native vessel in situ thrombosis (27%). Stent thrombosis and thromboembolism caused ALI in 13% and 5%, respectively. Amputation occurred in 17.6% presenting with ALI. Vorapaxar reduced first ALI events by 41% (hazard ratio, 0.58; 95% confidence interval, 0.39-0.86; P=0.006) and total ALI events by 41% (94 versus 56 events; risk ratio, 0.59; 95% confidence interval, 0.38-0.93; P=0.022). The efficacy of vorapaxar was consistent across types of ALI. In selected patients with symptomatic PAD and without atrial fibrillation, ALI occurs at a rate of 1.3%/y, is most frequently caused by acute bypass graft thrombosis or in situ thrombosis of a diseased vessel, and often results in limb loss. Vorapaxar reduces ALI in patients with symptomatic PAD with consistency across type, including PAD resulting from surgical graft thrombosis and in-situ thrombosis. URL: http://www.clinicaltrials.gov. Unique identifier: NCT00526474

  2. ALICE - ARC integration

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Anderlik, Csaba; Gregersen, Anders Rhod; Kleist, Josva

    Data Grid Facility (NDGF). In this paper we will present our approach to integrate AliEn and ARC, in the sense that ALICE data management and job processing can be carried out on the NDGF infrastructure, using the client tools available in AliEn. The interoperation has two aspects, one is the data...... management part and the second the job management aspect. The first aspect was solved by using dCache across NDGF to handle data. dCache provides support for several data management tools (among them for xrootd the tools used by AliEn) using the so called "doors". Therefore, we will concentrate on the second...... part. Solving it, was somewhat cumbersome, mainly due to the different computing models employed by AliEn and ARC. AliEN uses an Agent based pull model while ARC handles jobs through the more "traditional" push model. The solution comes as a module implementing the functionalities necessary to achieve...

  3. The Sclerotic Scatter Limbal Arc Is More Easily Elicited under Mesopic Rather Than Photopic Conditions.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Eric Denion

    Full Text Available We aimed to determine the limbal lighting illuminance thresholds (LLITs required to trigger perception of sclerotic scatter at the opposite non-illuminated limbus (i.e. perception of a light limbal scleral arc under different levels of ambient lighting illuminance (ALI.Twenty healthy volunteers were enrolled. The iris shade (light or dark was graded by retrieving the median value of the pixels of a pre-determined zone of a gray-level iris photograph. Mean keratometry and central corneal pachymetry were recorded. Each subject was asked to lie down, and the ALI at eye level was set to mesopic values (10, 20, 40 lux, then photopic values (60, 80, 100, 150, 200 lux. For each ALI level, a light beam of gradually increasing illuminance was applied to the right temporal limbus until the LLIT was reached, i.e. the level required to produce the faint light arc that is characteristic of sclerotic scatter at the nasal limbus.After log-log transformation, a linear relationship between the logarithm of ALI and the logarithm of the LLIT was found (p<0.001, a 10% increase in ALI being associated with an average increase in the LLIT of 28.9%. Higher keratometry values were associated with higher LLIT values (p = 0.008 under low ALI levels, but the coefficient of the interaction was very small, representing a very limited effect. Iris shade and central corneal thickness values were not significantly associated with the LLIT. We also developed a censored linear model for ALI values ≤ 40 lux, showing a linear relationship between ALI and the LLIT, in which the LLIT value was 34.4 times greater than the ALI value.Sclerotic scatter is more easily elicited under mesopic conditions than under photopic conditions and requires the LLIT value to be much higher than the ALI value, i.e. it requires extreme contrast.

  4. CD3 TRIGA users conference

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    2008-01-01

    The Sixteenth European TRIGA Users Conference was held in Pitesti, Romania, on 25-28 September, 2000, under the sponsorship of the Institute for Nuclear Research at Pitesti. The papers which follow in this document are presented in the same order as listed in the Conference Program. All papers which were received for publication (44) have been included. Those papers which were presented but not received for publication are presented in abstract form (4 papers). It was very interesting for the Conference attendees from the West to learn about the large scope of excellent work conducted in Romania, especially at the Institute of Nuclear Research in Pitesti. Similarly, it was fortunate that a large attendance of Romanian researchers (53) from many institutes, universities, and government agencies could attend the Conference and interact with their counterparts from outside Romania. The European TRIGA9 Owners' Group was fortunate to be hosted by the owners and users of the world's largest TRIGA reactor - the 14-MW Romanian research and test reactor. The Opening Session talk was given by Radu Berceanu, Minister of Industries and Commerce. It was followed by the following presentations: R and D - Support for Nuclear Power Development by Ioan Rotaru (General Manager of SNNE); Overview of TRIGA Reactor and other Programs at GENERAL ATOMICS by Junaid Razvi (General Manager TRIGA Reactor at GA); Development strategies connected to National Power and Energy Program by Mircea Ionescu (Director Nuclear Energy Department of M.I.C.); Contribution of INR R and D Programs to Sustain Peaceful and Safe utilization of Nuclear Energy in Romania by Constantin Gheorghiu (Scientific Deputy Director at SCN). A Technical visit to TRIGA Reactor at INR Pitesti took place. Opening Session was followed by five sessions dedicated to the following subjects: Session 1 (8 papers) - TRIGA reactors operation, repair and maintenance; Session 2 (10 papers) - Future developments and future goals of

  5. Human models of acute lung injury

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Alastair G. Proudfoot

    2011-03-01

    Full Text Available Acute lung injury (ALI is a syndrome that is characterised by acute inflammation and tissue injury that affects normal gas exchange in the lungs. Hallmarks of ALI include dysfunction of the alveolar-capillary membrane resulting in increased vascular permeability, an influx of inflammatory cells into the lung and a local pro-coagulant state. Patients with ALI present with severe hypoxaemia and radiological evidence of bilateral pulmonary oedema. The syndrome has a mortality rate of approximately 35% and usually requires invasive mechanical ventilation. ALI can follow direct pulmonary insults, such as pneumonia, or occur indirectly as a result of blood-borne insults, commonly severe bacterial sepsis. Although animal models of ALI have been developed, none of them fully recapitulate the human disease. The differences between the human syndrome and the phenotype observed in animal models might, in part, explain why interventions that are successful in models have failed to translate into novel therapies. Improved animal models and the development of human in vivo and ex vivo models are therefore required. In this article, we consider the clinical features of ALI, discuss the limitations of current animal models and highlight how emerging human models of ALI might help to answer outstanding questions about this syndrome.

  6. Analysis of lead content in herbal preparations in Malaysia.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ang, H H; Lee, E L; Matsumoto, K

    2003-08-01

    In Malaysia, the phase 3 registration for traditional medicines was implemented on 1 January 1992 under the Control of Drugs and Cosmetics Regulation 1984, emphasizing quality, efficacy and safety (including the detection of the presence of heavy metals) in all pharmaceutical dosage forms of traditional medicine preparations. Therefore, a total of 100 products in various pharmaceutical dosage forms of a herbal preparation, were analysed for lead content using atomic absorption spectrophotometer. Results showed that 8% (eight products) possessed 10.64-20.72 ppm of lead, and therefore, do not comply with the quality requirement for traditional medicines in Malaysia. One of these products, M-Tongkat Ali (exhibited 10.64 +/-0.37 ppm of lead), was in fact already registered with the DCA Malaysia. The rest, Sukarno Tongkat Ali, Eurycoma Madu, Super Pill Tongkat Ali, Force Pill Tongkat Ali, Tender Pill Tongkat Ali, Super Pill Tongkat Ali Plus and Great Pill Tongkat Ali Plus have not registered with the DCA Malaysia and exhibited 12.24-20.72 ppm of lead. Although this study showed that only 92% of the products complied with the quality requirement for traditional medicines in Malaysia, however, they cannot be assumed safe from lead contamination because of batch-to-batch inconsistency.

  7. Consumers’ and Retailers’ Attitudes Towards a Mexican Native Species of Aztec Lily as an Ornamental Plant

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Yesica Mayett-Moreno

    2018-01-01

    Full Text Available The use of native ornamental plants in urban landscapes and ornamental consumers’ designs is one strategy to preserve biodiversity. Sprekelia formosissima (L. Herb., known as Aztec lily (ALY, is one of the nearly 4000 species of native ornamental plants of Mexico. However, its domestic market is not yet developed and is virtually unknown. The objectives of this study were to: (1 compare consumers’ and retailers’ knowledge of ALY, and (2 to identify potential clusters of consumers and retailers based on their knowledge and preferences, such that marketing of the ALY could be best tailored to different market segments, leading to its sustainable commercialization. There were 464 interviews conducted in four nurseries in Mexico. Results showed only one consumer knew about the ALY; additionally, we found different behaviors in consumers and in retailers: those not interested in the ALY, but when they know it is Mexican they will acquire it; those interested no matter the ALY origin, and those who dislike the ALY because it is Mexican. Those answers suggest that improving consumers/retailers knowledge about this native flower could lead to a sustainable commercialization in Mexico, helping to ensure its conservation as well.

  8. Extracellular histones are essential effectors of C5aR- and C5L2-mediated tissue damage and inflammation in acute lung injury.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bosmann, Markus; Grailer, Jamison J; Ruemmler, Robert; Russkamp, Norman F; Zetoune, Firas S; Sarma, J Vidya; Standiford, Theodore J; Ward, Peter A

    2013-12-01

    We investigated how complement activation promotes tissue injury and organ dysfunction during acute inflammation. Three models of acute lung injury (ALI) induced by LPS, IgG immune complexes, or C5a were used in C57BL/6 mice, all models requiring availability of both C5a receptors (C5aR and C5L2) for full development of ALI. Ligation of C5aR and C5L2 with C5a triggered the appearance of histones (H3 and H4) in bronchoalveolar lavage fluid (BALF). BALF from humans with ALI contained H4 histone. Histones were absent in control BALF from healthy volunteers. In mice with ALI, in vivo neutralization of H4 with IgG antibody reduced the intensity of ALI. Neutrophil depletion in mice with ALI markedly reduced H4 presence in BALF and was highly protective. The direct lung damaging effects of extracellular histones were demonstrated by airway administration of histones into mice and rats (Sprague-Dawley), which resulted in ALI that was C5a receptor-independent, and associated with intense inflammation, PMN accumulation, damage/destruction of alveolar epithelial cells, together with release into lung of cytokines/chemokines. High-resolution magnetic resonance imaging demonstrated lung damage, edema and consolidation in histone-injured lungs. These studies confirm the destructive C5a-dependent effects in lung linked to appearance of extracellular histones.

  9. Effect of Maxing Shigan Tang on H1N1 Influenza A Virus-Associated Acute Lung Injury in Mice.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zhong, Yanchun; Zhou, Jie; Liang, Ning; Liu, Bihao; Lu, Ruirui; He, Yu; Liang, Chunlin; Wu, Junbiao; Zhou, Yuan; Hu, Miaomiao; Zhou, Jiuyao

    2016-01-01

    This study is aimed at examining the effects of Maxing Shigan Tang (MST) treatment on H1N1-associated acute lung injury (ALI) and exploring the possible mechanism. Mice were randomly divided into a control group, model group, peroxisomal proliferator activator receptor γ (PPARγ) inhibition group (PPARγ-), PPARγ activation group (PPARγ+), and MST group. Influenza A (H1N1) virus of the Fort Monmouth 1 (FM1) strain was used to induce an ALI mice model. Hematoxylin and eosin staining was performed to investigate the effect of MST treatment on H1N1-associated ALI. Cell apoptosis of lung tissues of each group were conducted through transferase-mediated dUTP nick end-labeling methods. Moreover, the expression level of caspase 3, activity of caspase 3, and serum level of tumor necrosis factor (TNF)-α of each group were also analyzed. Finally, quantitative real-time polymerase chain reaction and Western blotting analysis were carried out to detect angiopoietin-like 4 (ANGPTL4) expression level. We found that mice infected with the FM1 strain of H1N1 influenza A virus developed severe ALI, and MST could improve H1N1-induced ALI. Moreover, MST decreased lung cell apoptosis and reduced the serum content of TNF-α. In addition, MST significantly induced the ANGPTL4 expression in H1N1-induced ALI. MST improves H1N1-associated ALI maybe through targeting ANGPTL4 in mice. © 2017 S. Karger AG, Basel.

  10. PAVING THE WAY FOR INTERRELIGIOUS DIALOGUE, TOLERANCE, AND HARMONY: Following Mukti Ali’s Path

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Faisal Ismail

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available A known Indonesian Muslim scholar Mukti Ali (1923-2004 was very much concerned with dialogue, tolerance, and harmony among the people of different traditions, cultures, and religions. In his many academic works, he stressesed the importance of promoting, strengthening, and maintaining intercultural and interreligious dialogue, tolerance, and harmony. Not only did he produce various academic works, but also made efforts in putting his intercultural and interreligious ideas into practice. Both as a scholar and expert in the comparative study of religions and as Minister of Religious Affairs of the Republic of Indonesia (1971-1978, Mukti Ali endlessly promoted intercultural and interreligiuos diologue, tolerance, and harmony. Realizing that Indonesia is a pluralistic society, Mukti Ali adopted an approach called ‘agree in disagreement’ in the effort of creating and supporting tolerance, harmony, and security among people of different religious traditions. This paper will highlight the principles and values which Mukti Ali struggled for during his long administrative and academic careers.[Mukti Ali (1923-2004 adalah salah seorang intelektual Muslim ternama di Indonesia. Dia dedikasikan hidupnya untuk menyemai dialog, toleransi dan kehidupan harmonis antar tradisi, budaya dan agama yang beragam. Dalam berbagai karya akademiknya, Mukti Ali selalu menekankan pentingnya kehidupan harmonis dan toleransi antar pemeluk agama dan budaya. Lebih dari itu, dia melampaui hanya sekedar batas pemikiran dengan mengimplementasikan gagasan-gagasannya tersebut. Sebagai seorang ilmuwan dengan keahlian perbandingan agama dan sebagai Menteri Agama RI (1971-1978, Mukti Ali dengan kukuh memperjuangkan dialog, toleransi dan kehidupan harmonis antar agama dan budaya. Mukti Ali sadar, Indonesia adalah negara yang plural, karena itu dia menawarkan pendekatan “agree in disagreement” untuk menciptakan harmoni dan toleransi tersebut. Tulisan ini mengulas prinsip dan

  11. Ascertainment of acute liver injury in two European primary care databases.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ruigómez, A; Brauer, R; Rodríguez, L A García; Huerta, C; Requena, G; Gil, M; de Abajo, Francisco; Downey, G; Bate, A; Tepie, M Feudjo; de Groot, M; Schlienger, R; Reynolds, R; Klungel, O

    2014-10-01

    The purpose of this study was to ascertain acute liver injury (ALI) in primary care databases using different computer algorithms. The aim of this investigation was to study and compare the incidence of ALI in different primary care databases and using different definitions of ALI. The Clinical Practice Research Datalink (CPRD) in UK and the Spanish "Base de datos para la Investigación Farmacoepidemiológica en Atención Primaria" (BIFAP) were used. Both are primary care databases from which we selected individuals of all ages registered between January 2004 and December 2009. We developed two case definitions of idiopathic ALI using computer algorithms: (i) restrictive definition (definite cases) and (ii) broad definition (definite and probable cases). Patients presenting prior liver conditions were excluded. Manual review of potential cases was performed to confirm diagnosis, in a sample in CPRD (21%) and all potential cases in BIFAP. Incidence rates of ALI by age, sex and calendar year were calculated. In BIFAP, all cases considered definite after manual review had been detected with the computer algorithm as potential cases, and none came from the non-cases group. The restrictive definition of ALI had a low sensitivity but a very high specificity (95% in BIFAP) and showed higher rates of agreement between computer search and manual review compared to the broad definition. Higher incidence rates of definite ALI in 2008 were observed in BIFAP (3.01 (95% confidence interval (CI) 2.13-4.25) per 100,000 person-years than CPRD (1.35 (95% CI 1.03-1.78)). This study shows that it is feasible to identify ALI cases if restrictive selection criteria are used and the possibility to review additional information to rule out differential diagnoses. Our results confirm that idiopathic ALI is a very rare disease in the general population. Finally, the construction of a standard definition with predefined criteria facilitates the timely comparison across databases.

  12. Browse Author Index

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Items 151 - 200 of 2050 ... A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T U V W X Y Z All. A. Al‑Thani, H · Aleem, S · Alhusseiny, AH · Ali, A · Ali, S · Ali Masta, M · Aliyu, I · Alizadeh‑Navaei, R · Aljaid, SS · Almeida Filho, I.A. · Alok, S · Alok, Y · Alonge, Moradeke · Aluko, EO · Alves, TA · Amadi, AN · Amadi, SCA · Amarjit, K · Amaya, CA

  13. MANAGEMENT PROJEKTOV UVAJANJ POSLOVNIH INFORMACIJSKIH REŠITEV CRM

    OpenAIRE

    Prah, Luka

    2013-01-01

    Projektni management je apliciranje znanja, veščin, orodji in tehnik na aktivnosti projekta, da dosežemo ali presežemo potrebe in pričakovanja interesne skupine. Projektni managerjem ni cilj samo doseganje specifičnega časa, stroškov in kvalitete projekta, temveč tudi organiziranje celotnega procesa, da le ta dosega pričakovanja ljudi, ki so vključeni v projekt ali le ta vpliva na njih. Projekt je dejansko začasno prizadevanje kreacije edinstvenega produkta ali storitve, ki poteka zunaj vsako...

  14. SPOLNO NADLEGOVANJE NA DELOVNEM MESTU

    OpenAIRE

    Rubič, Gašper

    2016-01-01

    V diplomskem delu smo v uvodu predstavili problem spolnega nadlegovanja na delovnem mestu in predstavili podjetje TEKSTIL d.d. V nadaljevanju smo z anketo raziskali, ali problem spolnega nadlegovanja na delovnem mestu v obravnavanem podjetju obstaja in če, kako se nanj odziva okolje. V teoretičnem delu smo nadaljevali in predstavili definicijo spolnega nadlegovanja, ki je kakršna koli oblika nezaželenega verbalnega in neverbalnega ali fizičnega ravnanja spolne narave z učinkom ali nameno...

  15. Lithium abundances in nearby FGK dwarf and subgiant stars: internal destruction, Galactic chemical evolution, and exoplanets

    OpenAIRE

    Ramirez, I.; Fish, J. R.; Lambert, D. L.; Prieto, C. Allende

    2012-01-01

    We derive atmospheric parameters and lithium abundances for 671 stars and include our measurements in a literature compilation of 1381 dwarf and subgiant stars. First, a "lithium desert" in the effective temperature (Teff) versus lithium abundance (A_Li) plane is observed such that no stars with Teff~6075 K and A_Li~1.8 are found. We speculate that most of the stars on the low A_Li side of the desert have experienced a short-lived period of severe surface lithium destruction as main-sequence ...

  16. OSINT - študija primera WIKILEAKS in študija primera SUPERVIZOR : diplomsko delo univerzitetnega študija

    OpenAIRE

    Mahne, Katja

    2013-01-01

    Supervizor na nacionalni in Wikileaks na svetovni ravni danes predstavljata sredstvi za lažje finančno, politično ali vse svetovno poznavanje dogajanja v državi ali v svetu. Aplikacija Supervizor nam omogoča, da lahko kadarkoli preverimo, koliko denarja je dobila osnovna šola v našem kraju ali morda koliko je podjetje našega soseda prejelo od države za urejanje vrtov. V nasprotju s finančnimi tokovi nam Wikileaks razkriva, kaj sta se na poslovnem kosilu pogovarjala ameriški minister in na...

  17. Effects of three-body atomic interaction and optical lattice on solitons ...

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    one-dimensional. Bose–Einstein condensate. Sk GOLAM ALI, B TALUKDAR∗ and APARNA SAHA. Department of Physics, Visva-Bharati University, Santiniketan 731 235, India. *Corresponding author. E-mail: binoy123@bsnl.in. MS received 23 ...

  18. A new Nepenthes from Mount Ilas Mapulu in Borneo

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Adam, Jumaat H.; Wilcock, C.C.

    1990-01-01

    Caulis angularis. Folia coriacea, sessilia vel subpetiolata; lamina anguste elliptica vel oblanceolata, apex acutus vel obtusus subpeltatus, basis attenuata, semi-amplexicaulis, non decurrens; nervi longitudinales paralleli 8-10. Ascidia ellipsoidea, cum alis duabus prominentibus; os obliquum.

  19. Kosovo and U.S. Policy: Background and Current Issues

    National Research Council Canada - National Science Library

    Kim, Julie; Woehrel, Steven J

    2007-01-01

    .... These efforts culminated in a 78-day NATO bombing campaign (Operation Alied Force) against Serbia from March until June 1999, when then-Yugoslav leader Slobodan Milosevic agreed to withdraw his forces from the province...

  20. GIS-Based bivariate statistical techniques for groundwater potential ...

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    24

    an example of Iran). Ali Haghizadeha, Davoud Davoudi Moghaddama, Hamid Reza Pourghasemib* a Department of Range and Watershed Management Engineering, Lorestan University, Lorestan, Iran b Department of Natural Resources and ...

  1. Berliini biennal : teater ühel tänaval : biennaalikunst / Rael Artel

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Artel, Rael, 1980-

    2006-01-01

    IV Berliini kaasaegse kunsti biennaal "Of Mice and Men / Hiirtest ja inimestest" Berliinis Auguststrasse ümbruses kuni 28. V. Kuraatorid Maurizio Cattelan, Massimiliano Gioni ja Ali Subotnick. Väljapanekust, toimumiskohast

  2. Cytosine hypomethylation at CHG and CHH sites in the pleiotropic ...

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    2013-12-16

    NIPGR),. Aruna Asaf Ali Marg, New .... High content of chlorophyll in leaves, high rate of photosynthesis,. Rai et al. (2003); dwarf (egd)a ...... with modified contents and yields of leaf and root alkaloids. Plant. Breed. 118, 71–74.

  3. Isolation of Diterpenoids from Jatropha podagrica against Hepatitis ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Isolation of Diterpenoids from Jatropha podagrica against Hepatitis C virus. A Falodun, V Imieje, O Erharuyi, J Joy Ahomafora, C Akunyuli, AA Udu-Cosi, O Theophilus, I Ali, M Albadry, P Fasinu, MT Hamann ...

  4. Circulating cell free DNA as a predictor of systemic lupus ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Circulating cell free DNA as a predictor of systemic lupus erythematosus severity and monitoring of therapy. Olfat M. Hendy, Tawfik Abdel Motalib, Mona A. El Shafie, Fatma A. Khalaf, Sobhy E. Kotb, Aziza Khalil, Salwa R. Ali ...

  5. Journal of Chemical Sciences | Indian Academy of Sciences

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    component reaction on free nano-SiO2 catalyst: Excellent reactivity combined with facile catalyst recovery and recyclability. Mohammad Ali Nasseri Mohsen Sadeghzadeh. Volume 125 Issue 3 May 2013 pp 537-544 ...

  6. Evaluation of RTD and thermocouple for PID temperature control in ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Evaluation of RTD and thermocouple for PID temperature control in distributed control system laboratory. D. A. A. Nazarudin, M. K. Nordin, A. Ahmad, M. Masrie, M. F. Saaid, N. M. Thamrin, M. S. A. M. Ali ...

  7. Characterization of Quercus species distributed in Jordan using ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Characterization of Quercus species distributed in Jordan using morphological and molecular markers. Mohammad S Jawarneh, Mohammad H Brake, Riyadh Muhaidat, Hussein M Migdadi, Jamil N Lahham, Ahmad Ali El-Oqlah ...

  8. Browse Title Index

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    2016), Near-peer mentorship for undergraduate ... Ali Zinebi, Youssef Akhouad, Adil Rkiouak, Ahmed Reggad, Zohour Kasmy, Mostafa Boudlal, Monsef Rabhi, Khalid Ennibi, Jilali Chaari. Vol 21, No 1 (2015), Neurosurgical management of ...

  9. Heavy Metal Levels, Physicochemical Properties and Microbial ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    ADOWIE PERE

    induced immobilization of heavy metals in contaminated soil and water: Implication on simultaneous remediation of contaminated soil and groundwater. Environ. Sci. Pollut. Res. 21(6): 4665-4674. Mahar, A; Wang, P; Ali, A; Awasthi, MK; Lahori,.

  10. Md Naimuddin

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    A KUMAR A M VINOD KUMAR ABHIK JASH AJIT K MOHANTY ALEENA CHACKO ALI AJMI AMBAR GHOSAL AMINA KHATUN AMITAVA RAYCHAUDHURI AMOL DIGHE ANIMESH CHATTERJEE ANKIT GAUR ANUSHREE GHOSH ASHOK KUMAR ASMITA REDIJ B SATYANARAYANA B S ACHARYA BRAJESH C ...

  11. Pramana – Journal of Physics | Indian Academy of Sciences

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    A KUMAR A M VINOD KUMAR ABHIK JASH AJIT K MOHANTY ALEENA CHACKO ALI AJMI AMBAR GHOSAL AMINA KHATUN AMITAVA RAYCHAUDHURI AMOL DIGHE ANIMESH CHATTERJEE ANKIT GAUR ANUSHREE GHOSH ASHOK KUMAR ASMITA REDIJ B SATYANARAYANA B S ACHARYA BRAJESH C ...

  12. Genetic resources in the USDA, ARS, PGRCU legume crop germplasm collections with phyto-pharmaceutical uses

    Science.gov (United States)

    Seventeen health functional legumes including butterfly pea (Clitoria ternatea L.), Indigofera cassioides Rottler ex DC., I. linnaei Ali, I. suffruticosa Mill., hyacinth bean [Lablab purpureus (L.) Sweet], velvetbean [Mucuna pruriens (L.) DC], jicama [Pachyrhizus erosus (L.) Urb.], winged bean [Psop...

  13. 78 FR 48773 - Quarterly Publication of Individuals, Who Have Chosen To Expatriate, as Required by Section 6039G

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-08-09

    ... JUSTIN YINTAK-KUBACKI LAU STEPHANIE YIN CHI LAVERRIERE YVONNE ANNA LAWSON MARGARET LOUISE LEA MARILYN.......... PRASAD YEUNG LISA KAN YIN ERICK CHAO YIP YAT LAM YONG MARYANN MEI CHERN YOUNG ALYS M YOUNG MARGOT DIANE...

  14. Recovery of 'Nsutite' from Tailings Material of Ghana Manganese ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    GMC) Limited Mine, Nsuta. M Ali, RK Amankwah. Abstract. An investigation was conducted for the enrichment of manganese oxide tailings generated by a spiral concentration plant at Ghana Manganese Company (GMC) Limited, Nsuta. The work ...

  15. Sharma, Dr Amit Prakash

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    Northwestern), FNASc. Date of birth: 12 April 1968. Specialization: Structural Biology, Malaria, Protein Translation Address: Group Leader & Staff Scientist, International Centre for Genetic Engineering, & Biotechnology, Aruna Asaf Ali Marg, New Delhi ...

  16. Protective and therapeutic effects of cannabis plant extract on liver ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Protective and therapeutic effects of cannabis plant extract on liver cancer induced by dimethylnitrosamine in mice. NAEM Hussein, MAEF El-Toukhy, AH Kazem, MES Ali, MAER Ahmad, HMR Ghazy, AMG El-Din ...

  17. Plaadid / Margus Kiis

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Kiis, Margus

    2002-01-01

    Uutest plaatidest Nightlight Dou "La Fiesta Del Sol", Yves Montand "Ses Plus Grands Succes", Natalia Oreiro "Tu veneno", Daishin Kashimoto "Passionata", Mike Oldfield "Tres Lunas", Ali G Indiahouse "Da Soundtrack", Ronan Keating "Destination", Roger Waters "Flickering Flame"

  18. Risk analysis in construction business

    OpenAIRE

    Ersarı, Mehmet Ali

    1996-01-01

    Ankara : The Department of Management and the Graduate School of Business Administration of Bilkent Univ., 1996. Thesis (Master's) -- Bilkent University, 1996. Includes bibliographical references (leaves 56-57). Ersarı, Mehmet Ali M.S.

  19. Proceedings – Mathematical Sciences | Indian Academy of Sciences

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    Author Affiliations. Ali Reza Ashrafi1 Geetha Venkataraman1 2. Department of Mathematics, University of Kashan, Kashan, Iran; Department of Mathematics and Mathematical Sciences Foundation, St. Stephen's College, Delhi 110 007, India ...

  20. Exact travelling wave solutions of the (3+1)-dimensional mKdV-ZK ...

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    Author Affiliations. Md Nur Alam1 M Ali Akbar2 M Fazlul Hoque1. Department of Mathematics, Pabna University of Science and Technology, Pabna, Bangladesh; Department of Applied Mathematics, University of Rajshahi, Rajshahi, Bangladesh ...

  1. Résection laparoscopique d'une duplication gastrique chez l'adulte ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Omar Toumi, Hiba Ben Hssine, Faouzi Noomen, Sadok Ben Jabra, Ibtissem Korbi, Ali Abdelmoula, Mayada Trimech, Wafa Ben Mansour, Boughanmi Faiez, Mohamed Ben Khlifa, Hatem Rabah, Ammar Mahmoudi, Mohamed Nasr, Khadija Zouari, Hammouda Saffar, Abdel Aziz Hamdi ...

  2. Nutritional evaluation of kabuli and desi type chickpeas ( cicer ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Nutritional evaluation of kabuli and desi type chickpeas (cicer arietinum L.) for ruminants using in vitro gas production technique. N Maheri-Sis, M Chamani, S Ali-Asghar, A Mirza- Aghazadeh, A Aghajanzadeh-Golshani ...

  3. [Tänavuse Whitbreadi auhinna pälvis Hilary Spurling biograafia "Matisse the master" eest] / Lauri Eesmaa

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Eesmaa, Lauri

    2006-01-01

    Romaanikategooria auhinna sai Ali Smith romaaniga "The accidental", luulekategoorias Christopher Logue luulekoguga "Cold calls", parima debüüdi tegi Tash Aw romaaniga "The harmony silk factory" ning lasteraamatu kategooria auhinna sai Kate Thompsoni teos "The new policeman"

  4. Journal of Chemical Sciences | Indian Academy of Sciences

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    benzylideneindolin-2-one. Assem Barakat Abdullah Mohammed Al-Majid Mohammad Shahidul Islam M Ali Saied M Soliman Mohammed Rafiq Hussain Siddiqui Hazem A Ghabbour Hoong-Kun Fun. Volume 127 Issue 9 September 2015 pp 1547-1556 ...

  5. Cytosine hypomethylation at CHG and CHH sites in the pleiotropic ...

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    2013-12-16

    NIPGR),. Aruna Asaf Ali Marg, New ... The morphological features of the two parents accompanied salt tolerance in the double mutants. ..... were selected for alignment along with the corresponding sequences of C. roseus.

  6. Flow cytometry approach for studying the interaction between ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Flow cytometry approach for studying the interaction between Bacillus mojavensis and Alternaria alternata. Asma Milet, Noreddine Kacem Chaouche, Laid Dehimat, Asma Ait Kaki, Mounira Kara Ali, Philippe Thonart ...

  7. Quality assurance for the ALICE Monte Carlo procedure

    CERN Document Server

    Ajaz, M; Hristov, Peter; Revol, Jean Pierre

    2009-01-01

    We implement the already existing macro,$ALICE_ROOT/STEER /CheckESD.C that is ran after reconstruction to compute the physics efficiency, as a task that will run on proof framework like CAF. The task was implemented in a C++ class called AliAnalysisTaskCheckESD and it inherits from AliAnalysisTaskSE base class. The function of AliAnalysisTaskCheckESD is to compute the ratio of the number of reconstructed particles to the number of particle generated by the Monte Carlo generator.The class AliAnalysisTaskCheckESD was successfully implemented. It was used during the production for first physics and permitted to discover several problems (missing track in the MUON arm reconstruction, low efficiency in the PHOS detector etc.). The code is committed to the SVN repository and will become standard tool for quality assurance.

  8. Contribution of neutrophils to acute lung injury.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Grommes, Jochen; Soehnlein, Oliver

    2011-01-01

    Treatment of acute lung injury (ALI) and its most severe form, acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS), remain unsolved problems of intensive care medicine. ALI/ARDS are characterized by lung edema due to increased permeability of the alveolar-capillary barrier and subsequent impairment of arterial oxygenation. Lung edema, endothelial and epithelial injury are accompanied by an influx of neutrophils into the interstitium and broncheoalveolar space. Hence, activation and recruitment of neutrophils are regarded to play a key role in progression of ALI/ARDS. Neutrophils are the first cells to be recruited to the site of inflammation and have a potent antimicrobial armour that includes oxidants, proteinases and cationic peptides. Under pathological circumstances, however, unregulated release of these microbicidal compounds into the extracellular space paradoxically can damage host tissues. This review focuses on the mechanisms of neutrophil recruitment into the lung and on the contribution of neutrophils to tissue damage in ALI.

  9. Filme kaladest : "Maelströmi" külm langemine, "Bo Ba Bu" kiviaegne röhkimine ja vanameister Imamura "Soe vesi punase silla all" / Erkki Luuk

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Luuk, Erkki, 1971-

    2001-01-01

    Temaatiliselt koos vaadeldakse kolme erineva kultuuritaustaga režissööri filme : kanadalase Denis Villeneuve "Maelström", usbeki Ali Hamrajevi "Bo Ba Bu" ja jaapanlase Shohei Imamura "Soe vesi punase silla all"

  10. 3Corners of the World / Joosep Sang

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Sang, Joosep

    2009-01-01

    Arvustused : Robert Jürjendal, Petri Kuljuntausta, David Rothenberg. 3Corners of the World. [Tallinn] : Terra Nova Music, 2008. Nadia ja Fragile. Uhke ali. [Tallinn] : Nadia & Fragile, 2008. UMA. Civitas Soli. [Tallinn] : Elwood, 2008. Uutest heliplaatidest

  11. Ethiopian Journal of Agricultural Sciences - Vol 28, No 1 (2018)

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Coffea arabica L.) with emphasis on bidens pilosa at southwestern Ethiopia · EMAIL FREE FULL TEXT EMAIL FREE FULL TEXT DOWNLOAD FULL TEXT DOWNLOAD FULL TEXT. Abera Daba, Mekuria Tadesse, Ali Mohammed, 1-16 ...

  12. Fate of Ingested Aristolactams from Aristolochia chilensis in Battus polydamas archidamas (Lepidoptera: Papilionidae

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Angel Olguín

    2013-10-01

    Full Text Available We performed a sequestration study of aristolactams (ALs from Aristolochia chilensis in Battus polydamas archidamas (Lepidoptera: Papilionidae by examining the AL content of the plant, fifth instar larvae, osmeterial secretion, pupae, exuviae and feces. Aristolactam-I (AL-I and aristolactam-II (AL-II present in A. chilensis are sequestered by fifth instar larvae of B. polydamas archidamas. There is a preferential sequestration of AL-II, or a more efficient metabolization and excretion of AL-I, by the larva. No ALs were found in the osmeterial secretion, pupae and exuviae; in addition, little AL-I and no AL-II were found in larval frass. The two lactams, particularly AL-I, are extensively metabolized to other products in the larva. A reasonable hypothesis is that the ingested ALs are oxidized to their respective aristolochic acids.

  13. Fate of Ingested Aristolactams from Aristolochia chilensis in Battus polydamas archidamas (Lepidoptera: Papilionidae).

    Science.gov (United States)

    Urzúa, Alejandro; Olguín, Angel; Santander, Rocío

    2013-10-11

    We performed a sequestration study of aristolactams (ALs) from Aristolochia chilensis in Battus polydamas archidamas (Lepidoptera: Papilionidae) by examining the AL content of the plant, fifth instar larvae, osmeterial secretion, pupae, exuviae and feces. Aristolactam-I (AL-I) and aristolactam-II (AL-II) present in A. chilensis are sequestered by fifth instar larvae of B. polydamas archidamas. There is a preferential sequestration of AL-II, or a more efficient metabolization and excretion of AL-I, by the larva. No ALs were found in the osmeterial secretion, pupae and exuviae; in addition, little AL-I and no AL-II were found in larval frass. The two lactams, particularly AL-I, are extensively metabolized to other products in the larva. A reasonable hypothesis is that the ingested ALs are oxidized to their respective aristolochic acids.

  14. On finite groups whose every proper normal subgroup is a union of ...

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    Author Affiliations. Ali Reza Ashrafi1 Geetha Venkataraman1 2. Department of Mathematics, University of Kashan, Kashan, Iran; Department of Mathematics and Mathematical Sciences Foundation, St. Stephen's College, Delhi 110 007, India ...

  15. Allergic Lung Inflammation Aggravates Angiotensin II-Induced Abdominal Aortic Aneurysms in Mice

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Liu, Cong-Lin; Wang, Yi; Liao, Mengyang

    2016-01-01

    sensitization and challenge in mice led to the development of allergic lung inflammation (ALI). Subcutaneous infusion of angiotensin II into mice produced AAA. Simultaneous production of ALI in AAA mice doubled abdominal aortic diameter and increased macrophage and mast cell content, arterial media smooth...... and reduced lesion inflammation, plasma IgE, and bronchioalveolar inflammation. Pre-establishment of ALI also increased AAA lesion size, lesion accumulation of macrophages and mast cells, media smooth muscle cell loss, and plasma IgE, reduced plasma interleukin-5, interleukin-13, and transforming growth...... factor-β, and increased bronchioalveolar inflammation. Consequent production of ALI also doubled lesion size of pre-established AAA and increased lesion mast cell and T-cell accumulation, media smooth muscle cell loss, lesion cell proliferation and apoptosis, plasma IgE, and bronchioalveolar inflammation...

  16. Sudan Journal of Medical Sciences - Vol 8, No 2 (2013)

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Original Article Gum Arabic in treatment of functional constipation in children in Sudan · EMAIL FULL TEXT EMAIL FULL TEXT DOWNLOAD FULL TEXT DOWNLOAD FULL TEXT. MW Ali, OM Sabir, MOE Gadour, 73-76 ...

  17. Isolation and molecular identification of yeast strains from “Rabilé” a ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Isolation and molecular identification of yeast strains from “Rabilé” a starter of local fermented drink. Ibrahim Keita, Marius K Somda, Aly Savadogo, Iliassou Mogmenga, Ousmane Koita, Alfred S Traore ...

  18. Spontaneous cecal perforation secondary to acute fulminant ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Spontaneous cecal perforation secondary to acute fulminant gastroenteritis: report of a rare case. Duvuru Ram, Vilvapathy S. Karthikeyan, Sarath C. Sistla, Sheik M. Ali, Parnandi Sridhar, Nagarajan Rajkumar ...

  19. Pommipanija vabastamine tekitab tõsiseid pingeid / Tiina Tamman

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Tamman, Tiina, 1948-

    2009-01-01

    Lockerbié lennukatastroofi korraldamise eest vangi mõistetud Abdul Baset Ali al-Megrahi vabastamine Šotimaal on USA-s kaasa toonud proteste. Suurbritannia kinnitusel Šotimaale otsuse tegemisel survet ei avaldatud

  20. Forschungsschwerpunkte im Institut für Kulturgeographie der Universität Frankfurt am Main am Ende der 80er Jahre

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Klaus Wolf

    1987-12-01

    Full Text Available The review of research work of the Institute exposes the spheres of tourism population development and sub-urbanisation with ali accompanying economic and non-economic phenomena.