WorldWideScience

Sample records for ibrahim josef kng

  1. THE JOSEF REGIONAL UNDERGROUND RESEARCH CENTRE (JOSEF URC

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Dana Pacovská

    2012-07-01

    Full Text Available The Josef Gallery, located in the central Bohemia region of the Czech Republic was first excavated in 1981 as an exploration complex for the potential mining of gold. In 2007, the gallery was substantially reconstructed to house the Josef Underground Educational Facility (Josef UEF, which subsequently became an autonomous workplace under the direction of the Czech Technical University in Prague. At the beginning of 2010, the UEF was renamed the Josef Regional Underground Research Centre (Josef URC which, along with the extensive underground complex, features modern above-ground facilities. One of the most important roles of this research center is to provide practical in-situ instruction in the fields of geotechnical engineering, geology, geochemistry, radiochemistry and radioecology. The training of future experts in this authentic underground setting involves the participation of several other Czech universities and numerous experienced specialists from outside the academic sphere. The IAEA (International Atomic Energy Agency has added the Josef URC to its prestigious list of international training canters involved in the “Training in and Demonstration of Waste Disposal Technologies in Underground Research Facilities – A Network of Centers of Excellence” project.

  2. Josef Hofmann (1940 – 2012)

    CERN Multimedia

    2013-01-01

    It was with great sadness that we learned of the death of our colleague Josef Hofmann. During his 35-year career at CERN, Josef made important contributions to many CERN projects. He passed away in December 2012.     In May 1964, Josef left Siemens in Germany to join CERN’s Nuclear Physics Apparatus (NPA) division, where he worked on electro-magnet models and developed equipment for high-power experiments. According to his group leader, B. Kuiper, Josef made “an exceptionally effective contribution to the Serpukhov installation under very difficult circumstances”. This installation was a collaboration between CERN and the USSR in the early 1970s, which involved designing and building a fast ejection system for a proton synchrotron based in Serpukhov. In 1972, Josef began work on the SPS magnet system. He moved on to work in the SPS North and then the SPS West experimental areas in 1981 and, finally, in the SL (SPS+LEP) department. In the mid-1990s, Jo...

  3. bukar-kolo, ym,*1 ibrahim, ui

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Veterinary Service Division, Gombe, Gombe State, Nigeria ... In a survey of major constraints limiting commercial poultry production in ... of factors such as disease conditions and management problems (Ambali and Ibrahim,. 1996 ... greatest affecting livestock and [poultry ... quality of poultry feed in the Nigerian markets.

  4. Josef Fritzl - manden bag forbrydelserne

    OpenAIRE

    Galting, Marie; Mølgaard, Nina; Rasmussen, Marie

    2013-01-01

    This project evolves around the case of Josef Fritzl and seeks to clarify social circumstances and conditions under which Fritzl and his family lived in the attempt to gain an understanding of the historical as well as the social environment. The study takes it starting point by accounting for psychological theories produced by Sigmund Freud, Peter Brückner and Philip Zimbardo. Freud is the founder of the psychoanalysis and his theory engages with the individual mind and psyche. Brückner ...

  5. Josef Svoboda: la luz construida = Josef Svoboda: the light constructed

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Eugenio Bargueño Gómez

    2012-09-01

    Full Text Available Resumen Josef Svoboda (1920-2002, fue escenógrafo, arquitecto y director artístico de la Linterna Mágica en Praga. Es difícil encontrar en los últimos cien años un escenógrafo que haya aportado tanto al mundo de la escena por su desbordante capacidad creativa. Siempre estuvo dispuesto a resolver problemas con planteamientos novedosos de diseño introduciendo para ello aportaciones tecno­lógicas del momento. Indagó con imaginación sobre otros elementos escenográficos que no fuesen los clásicos diseños basados en corpóreos arquitectónicos, bastidores, etc., pero que determinaban de igual modo un espacio escénico. Amplió la espacialidad en la escena adjudicando capacidades al sonido y a la luz para conseguir una corporeidad psicológica al servicio de la dramaturgia y la estética. Introdujo en el diseño de sus escenografías imágenes con múltiples perspectivas que se percibían con un solo golpe de vista. También utilizó a los espectadores haciéndoles participes de lo que estaba sucediendo en escena. Creó los sistemas de polivisión y poliecrán, que combinaban el teatro y el ballet. Es responsable de la famosa cortina de luz blanca creada por unos focos diseñados por él y que reciben su nombre. Las proyecciones sobre espejos, técnica difícil de manejar en escena, fue otra de las innovaciones que Svoboda manejó magistralmente en sus escenografías. Palabras clave: Diseño escenográfico, Josef Svoboda, poliecrán, focos Svo­boda, cortina de luz, proyecciones sobre espejo permeable, Laterna Magika. Abstract Josef Svoboda (1920-2002 has been a scenographer, architect and artistic director of the Magic Lantern in Prague. It's difficult to find, in the last 100 years a scenographer that had contributed to the theater with his abundant creative ability. He has always been ready to solve problems with new design's approaches, introducing technological contributions just at that moment. He has investigated with imagination

  6. Josef K. Azazello, eskvaier / Kalle Käsper

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Käsper, Kalle, 1952-

    2005-01-01

    Suur- ja väikerahvaste kirjanduskaanonitest: eestlaste kirjanduskaanoni moodustab tõlkekirjandus. Vastukaja: Lugupeetud Kalle Käsper! // Sirp (2005) 16. sept., lk. 20. Allk.: Josef K. Azazello, eskvaier

  7. Josef K. Azazello, eskvaier / Kalle Käsper

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Käsper, Kalle, 1952-

    2005-01-01

    Suur- ja väikerahvaste kirjanduskaanonitest: eestlaste kirjanduskaanoni moodustab tõlkekirjandus. Vastukaja: Lugupeetud Kalle Käsper! // Sirp (2005) 16. sept., lk. 20. Allk.: Josef K. Azazello, eskvaier

  8. The Central Role of KNG1 Gene as a Genetic Determinant of Coagulation Pathway-Related Traits: Exploring Metaphenotypes

    Science.gov (United States)

    Massanet, Raimon; Martinez-Perez, Angel; Ziyatdinov, Andrey; Martin-Fernandez, Laura; Souto, Juan Carlos; Perera, Alexandre; Soria, José Manuel

    2016-01-01

    Traditional genetic studies of single traits may be unable to detect the pleiotropic effects involved in complex diseases. To detect the correlation that exists between several phenotypes involved in the same biological process, we introduce an original methodology to analyze sets of correlated phenotypes involved in the coagulation cascade in genome-wide association studies. The methodology consists of a two-stage process. First, we define new phenotypic meta-variables (linear combinations of the original phenotypes), named metaphenotypes, by applying Independent Component Analysis for the multivariate analysis of correlated phenotypes (i.e. the levels of coagulation pathway–related proteins). The resulting metaphenotypes integrate the information regarding the underlying biological process (i.e. thrombus/clot formation). Secondly, we take advantage of a family based Genome Wide Association Study to identify genetic elements influencing these metaphenotypes and consequently thrombosis risk. Our study utilized data from the GAIT Project (Genetic Analysis of Idiopathic Thrombophilia). We obtained 15 metaphenotypes, which showed significant heritabilities, ranging from 0.2 to 0.7. These results indicate the importance of genetic factors in the variability of these traits. We found 4 metaphenotypes that showed significant associations with SNPs. The most relevant were those mapped in a region near the HRG, FETUB and KNG1 genes. Our results are provocative since they show that the KNG1 locus plays a central role as a genetic determinant of the entire coagulation pathway and thrombus/clot formation. Integrating data from multiple correlated measurements through metaphenotypes is a promising approach to elucidate the hidden genetic mechanisms underlying complex diseases. PMID:28005926

  9. Josef Steindl, the Trieste School and the BNL Quarterly Review

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Alessandro Roncaglia

    2012-09-01

    Full Text Available The paper provides an introduction to the special issue in honour of Josef Steindl (1912-1993 celebrating the centennial anniversary of his birth. It illustrates Steindl’s main themes of research – from applied macroeconomic analysis and the analysis of the trade cycle to the role of oligopoly in modern economies and to technical change – and gives some hints on his personality, drawing on recollections of a long friendship.

  10. 'Temple deposits in early dynastic Egypt : the case of Tell Ibrahim Awad'

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Haarlem, Wilhelmus Maria van

    2014-01-01

    Extensive discussion of the several kinds of deposits (mainly consisting of votive objects) found in the Early Dynastic temple of Tell Ibrahim Awad in the Eastern Nile Delta of Egypt. A general description of the site and a specific description of the temple sequence is followed by a detailed

  11. Josef Steindl’s Life and Work in Austria

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ewald Walterskirchen

    2012-06-01

    Full Text Available Josef Steindl’s impact on economic policy in Austria concentrated on three areas: Keynesian thinking, educational policy and technology policy. After returning to Vienna in 1950 Steindl advanced Keynesian and Kaleckian thinking in Austria and thus influenced a whole generation of economists. He pushed for an educational policy in Austria and emphasised the role of engineers, technicians and skilled workers in long-term economic growth. Closely related to this was his plea for a technology policy. As an industrial latecomer, Austria was able to import technologies for a long time; but once the country had caught up, it needed to stimulate innovation with a conscious technology policy.

  12. Josef Albers en Amérique, Peintures sur papier”

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jennifer Donelly

    2012-04-01

    Full Text Available Josef Albers, Color study for homage to the square, platinium, not dated, 29,5 X 29,6 cm © 2011 The Josef and Anni foundation / Artists rights society, New-York / Bild-Kunst, Germany. Rights reserved.“Josef Albers en Amérique”, which ran at the Centre Pompidou from February to April 2012, focused on the artist’s work following his 1933 emigration to the United States, where he lived until his death in 1976. Albers was 45 years old when he left Germany and had logged thirteen years at the Bauh...

  13. Josef Albers en Amérique, Peintures sur papier”

    OpenAIRE

    Jennifer Donelly

    2012-01-01

    Josef Albers, Color study for homage to the square, platinium, not dated, 29,5 X 29,6 cm © 2011 The Josef and Anni foundation / Artists rights society, New-York / Bild-Kunst, Germany. Rights reserved.“Josef Albers en Amérique”, which ran at the Centre Pompidou from February to April 2012, focused on the artist’s work following his 1933 emigration to the United States, where he lived until his death in 1976. Albers was 45 years old when he left Germany and had logged thirteen years at the Bauh...

  14. Chapter 3. The place names of Franz Josef Land: framing the problem

    OpenAIRE

    Forsberg, Magnus

    2015-01-01

    A brief introduction to the geographic place names of Franz Josef Land. Franz Josef Land is located in the western Arctic though for much of the 20th Century it was closed behind the Iron Curtain. Prior to that, there were a series of Western expeditions between the ‘official’ discovery in 1873 and the departure of the American Fiala group in 1905. From these expeditions, the islands are heavily connected to the history of the search for the North Pole.

  15. Os escritos autobiográficos de Josef Mengele

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Helmut Galle

    2011-04-01

    Full Text Available O artigo analisa textos autobiográficos que Josef Mengele escreveu durante os anos em que passou escondido em vários lugares no Estado de São Paulo. O material de cerca de 500 páginas datilografadas é inédito e trata dos primeiros anos da infância, o estudo de medicina nos anos 1930, a fase em que trabalhou sob nome falso como camponês na Bavária durante os primeiros anos do pós-guerra, assim como o início da fuga da Alemanha, mas não há referências aos anos nos quais Mengele realizou seus experimentos brutais com seres humanos no campo de concentração Auschwitz. Contudo, os textos, ligeiramente ficcionalizados, transmitem uma impressão dessa pessoa vaidosa que manteve suas posições políticas sem remorsos e que, ao que parece, até quis convencer seu filho - para o qual provavelmente os textos foram escritos -, por meio de sua narrativa impregnada de ideologia. Em certos trechos, porém, surge, de forma velada e perversa, a consciência dos seus atos desumanos, apresentando o próprio perpetrador no papel da vítima.This article analizes autobiographical texts written by Josef Mengele during the years which he spent hidden in different places in the state of São Paulo. The material of about 500 pages in typoscript remains unpublished and deals with the first childhood years, the study of medicine in the Thirties, the imediate post-war period, when he worked under false name as a peasant in Bavaria and the beginning of his escape from Germany, but there is no reference to his brutal experiments with human beings in Auschwitz. Nevertheless, the slightly fictionalized texts provide some insight to this self-opionated person who kept the political positions without any sense of guilt and apparently even tried to convince his son - for whom the texts probably were written - by his ideologically saturated narrative. In certain passages, however, appears a kind of conscience of his inhuman acts, in disguised and perverse form

  16. Franz Josef Land: extreme northern outpost for Arctic fishes.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Chernova, Natalia V; Friedlander, Alan M; Turchik, Alan; Sala, Enric

    2014-01-01

    The remote Franz Josef Land (FJL) Archipelago is the most northerly land in Eurasia and its fish fauna, particularly in nearshore habitats, has been poorly studied. An interdisciplinary expedition to FJL in summer 2013 used scuba, seines, and plankton nets to comprehensively study the nearshore fish fauna of the archipelago. We present some of the first underwater images for many of these species in their natural habitats. In addition, deep water drop cameras were deployed between 32 and 392 m to document the fish fauna and their associated habitats at deeper depths. Due to its high latitude (79°-82°N), extensive ice cover, and low water temperatures (littoral zone of Kuhn Island, 17 fish species are now known from FJL's nearshore waters. Species endemic to the Arctic accounted for 75% of the nearshore species observed, followed by species with wider ranges. A total of 43 species from 15 families are known from FJL with the majority of the records from offshore trawl surveys between 110 and 620 m. Resident species have mainly high Arctic distributions, while transient species visit the archipelago to feed (e.g., Greenland shark), and others are brought by currents as larvae and later migrate to spawn grounds in the south (e.g., Atlantic cod Gadus morhua, Capelin Mallotus villosus, Beaked redfish Sebastes mentella). Another species group includes warmer-water fishes that are rare waifs (e.g., Glacier lanternfish Benthosema glaciale, White barracudina Arctozenus rissoi). The rapid warming of the Arctic will likely result in significant changes to the entire ecosystem and this study therefore serves as an important baseline for the nearshore fish assemblages in this unique and fragile region.

  17. Impact of Ibrahim River on the spatial variation of coastal marine sediment characteristics

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ghsoub, Myriam; Fakhri, Milad; Courp, Thierry; Khalaf, Gaby; Buscail, Roselyne; Ludwig, Wolfgang

    2017-04-01

    In the aim to evaluate the impact of Ibrahim River on the environmental status of its coastal marine zone, sedimentological (grain size composition), geochemical (organic carbon, total nitrogen, total carbon, organic matter, calcium carbonate, organic and inorganic phosphate) biochemical (chlorophyll-a, pheopigments) and biological parameters (macro-invertebrates) of the sediment were analyzed and interpreted. Three sampling campaigns were executed using the scientific vessel CANA-CNRS on 26-4-2016, 20-6-2016 and 29-7-2016 successively. The samples were collected according to a middle horizontal transectat three different depths (10, 20, and 30 m).The grain size composition of the sediment was mainly composed of fine sand. The obtained values of organic matter ranged between 32 and 54 mg/g. The total nitrogen was between 0.006 and 0.014%. The percentage of calcium carbonate fluctuated between 20 and 30%. This situation may be attributed to the decomposition and the sinking of the shells and some aquatic organism such as Coccolithophores, foraminifers, gastropods and bivalves. Calcium carbonate may also have terrestrial origin related to the carbonated adjacent land and may be exported to the coastal area with the river inputs. The sediment of the studied area was richer in pheopigments (between 0.8 and 3 μg/g) than in chlorophyll-a (less than 0.4 μg/g) witnessing the presence of degraded material due to the high hydrodynamic conditions. Furthermore, the low values of chlorophyll-a witnessed the oligotrophy of the zone. The concentrations of total phosphate ranged between 97 and 148 μg/g. The dominance of the inorganic phosphate at all sampling points indicates that phosphorus is available for the producers, and that the studied area is less contaminated with anthropogenic discharges. This research project reveals the presence of gastropods, crustaceans and some polychaetes along the five studied stations. These groups are generally found in sandy bottoms

  18. Franz Josef Land: extreme northern outpost for Arctic fishes

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Natalia V. Chernova

    2014-12-01

    Full Text Available The remote Franz Josef Land (FJL Archipelago is the most northerly land in Eurasia and its fish fauna, particularly in nearshore habitats, has been poorly studied. An interdisciplinary expedition to FJL in summer 2013 used scuba, seines, and plankton nets to comprehensively study the nearshore fish fauna of the archipelago. We present some of the first underwater images for many of these species in their natural habitats. In addition, deep water drop cameras were deployed between 32 and 392 m to document the fish fauna and their associated habitats at deeper depths. Due to its high latitude (79°–82°N, extensive ice cover, and low water temperatures (<0 °C much of the year, the fish diversity at FJL is low compared to other areas of the Barents Sea. Sixteen species of fishes from seven families were documented on the expedition, including two species previously unknown to the region. One Greenland shark, Somniosus microcephalus (Somniosidae, ca. 2 m in length, was recorded by drop camera near Hayes Island at 211 m, and Esipov’s pout, Gymnelus esipovi (Zoarcidae, was collected at Wilton Island at 15 m in a kelp forest. Including the tape-body pout, Gymnelus taeniatus, described earlier from the sub-littoral zone of Kuhn Island, 17 fish species are now known from FJL’s nearshore waters. Species endemic to the Arctic accounted for 75% of the nearshore species observed, followed by species with wider ranges. A total of 43 species from 15 families are known from FJL with the majority of the records from offshore trawl surveys between 110 and 620 m. Resident species have mainly high Arctic distributions, while transient species visit the archipelago to feed (e.g., Greenland shark, and others are brought by currents as larvae and later migrate to spawn grounds in the south (e.g., Atlantic cod Gadus morhua, Capelin Mallotus villosus, Beaked redfish Sebastes mentella. Another species group includes warmer-water fishes that are rare waifs (e

  19. A modified Ibrahim time domain algorithm for operational modal analysis including harmonic excitation

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mohanty, P.; Rixen, D. J.

    2004-08-01

    Operational modal analysis procedures are efficient techniques to identify modal properties of structures excited through unknown random noise produced during operation. In many practical cases, harmonic excitations are often present in addition to the white-noise and, if the harmonic frequency is close to structural frequencies, standard identification techniques fail. Here, a method is presented to take into account the harmonic excitations while doing modal parameter identification for operational modal analysis (OMA). The proposed technique is based on the Ibrahim Time Domain method and explicitly includes the harmonic frequencies known a priori. Therefore, the modified technique allows proper identification of eigenfrequencies and modal damping even when harmonic excitation frequencies are close to the natural frequencies of the structures. Experimental results are shown in the presence of multi-harmonic loads for a steel plate to validate the method.

  20. Taking a Logical or Giant Step Forward? Comment on Ibrahim and Teixeira

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Starup, Peter; Elsmore, Matthew

    2010-01-01

    The Ibrahimand Teixeira cases concern the rights that members of an EU worker' s family enjoy in another Member State. The Court' s rulings, delivered on the same day, focus on residency and educational rights for children of former migrant workers in the host state, and the derived residency...... rights for their primary carers. Case law has interpreted Regulation 1612/68 to mean that in circumstances where the migrant worker is no longer working in the host state, the child retains a free-standing right to education there and his/her primary carer derives a right of residence from the child......, regardless of the carer' s nationality. The principal novelty of the Ibrahim and Teixeira rulings is to isolate this interpretation from the apparent effects of Directive 2004/38, meaning that residence rights are conferred on economic migrants and their families regardless of whether the family subsequently...

  1. Photos of the massive ATLAS art mural at point 01 at CERN by Josef Kristofoletti, completed.

    CERN Multimedia

    Claudia Marcelloni

    2010-01-01

    Photos of the massive mural of the ATLAS detector at CERN Point 1 painted by artist Josef Kristofoletti. The mural is located at the ATLAS Experiment site, and it shows on two walls the detector with a collision event superimposed. The event on the large wall shows a depiction of how a Higgs boson may look like in ATLAS.

  2. Climate Sensitivity of Franz-Josef Glacier, New Zealand, as revealed by numerical modelling

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Oerlemans, J.

    1997-01-01

    The sensitivity of Franz Josef Glacier is studied with a numerical ice-flow model. The model calculates ice mass flux along a central flow line and deals with the three-dimensional geometry in a parameterized way. Forcing is provided through a mass balance model that generates specific balance from

  3. Taking a Logical or Giant Step Forward? Comment on Ibrahim and Teixeira

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Starup, Peter; Elsmore, Matthew J.

    2010-01-01

    The Ibrahim and Teixeira cases concern the rights that members of an EU worker' s family enjoy in another Member State. The Court' s rulings, delivered on the same day, focus on residency and educational rights for children of former migrant workers in the host state, and the derived residency...... rights for their primary carers. Case law has interpreted Regulation 1612/68 to mean that in circumstances where the migrant worker is no longer working in the host state, the child retains a free-standing right to education there and his/her primary carer derives a right of residence from the child......, regardless of the carer' s nationality. The principal novelty of the Ibrahim and Teixeira rulings is to isolate this interpretation from the apparent effects of Directive 2004/38, meaning that residence rights are conferred on economic migrants and their families regardless of whether the family subsequently...

  4. THE DAILY LIFE OF THE OLD ISTANBUL REFLECTED IN THE MANSION OF IBRAHIM EFENDI

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sevgül TÜRKMENOĞLU

    2015-04-01

    Full Text Available Samiha Ayverdi is a writer who had important contribution in Turkish literature producing thirty six works. Ayverdi, during her lifetime witnessed Balkan war, Tripoli war, World War, War of Independence Westernization process was experienced in all its intensity in theperiod. Liberation War broke out after the Republican era which brought about westernization process with all its means and modes which were put into expression in theliterary works of the Turkish society which was characterized by a turbulent process. All these things are reflected in Ayverdi's works . She saw herself as belonging to The Lost Generation and the last offspring of an empire from which Turkey came to be formed, In many works of hers, the Ottoman Empire's glorious days of longing were reflected. On the one hand the Westernization process which began to exist as a movement bringing about cultural corruption and was a subject of discomfort looks large in her works. In Ibrahim Efendi Mansion, semi memories in the style was written in, Ayverdi's childhood on the sections that hosts the old Istanbul plotting everyday life in all its details that contains the artifact. In this work, Old Istanbul' s cultural life have been reflectedin details.

  5. Numerical modeling of a snow cover on Hooker Island (Franz Josef Land archipelago

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    V. S. Sokratov

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available Results obtained by simulating snow characteristics with a numerical model of surface heat and moisture exchange SPONSOR are presented. The numerical experiments are carried out for Franz Josef Land with typical Arctic climate conditions. The blizzard evaporation parameter is shown to have great influence on snow depth on territories with high wind speed. This parameter significantly improves the simulation quality of the numerical model. Some discrepancies between evaluated and observed snow depth values can be explained by inaccuracies in precipitation measurements (at least in certain cases and errors in calculations of incoming radiation, mostly due to low accuracy in the cloudiness observations.

  6. Una sentencia justa para Josef K.: sobre El proceso de Kafka

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Wahnón, Sultana

    2001-12-01

    Full Text Available At the beginning of The Process the narrator says that Josef K. was arrested one morning «having done nothing serious». Nevertheless there are very few critics that have taken this sentence to the letter. As Josef K. is executed at last, it must be supposed that the character should have commited some sort of crime. Though it has been speculated a lot about which this crime could be, it has been impossible to reach a firm decision. What this way of reading the story shows is that is tremendously difficult to conceive the idea of a world in which it would be possible to arrest and execute innocent people with no justification at all. But this is precisely the basis of the fiction world imagined by Kafka, who through The Process prefigured the terror lived all over Europe dominated by totalitarism.

    Al comienzo de El proceso el narrador afirma que Josef K. fue arrestado una mañana «sin que hubiera hecho nada malo». Son muy pocos, sin embargo, los críticos que se han tomado esta frase al pie de la letra. Puesto que Josef K. es finalmente ejecutado, se supone más bien que el personaje habría cometido algún tipo de falta. Aunque se ha especulado mucho sobre cuál pudiera ser esa falta, no se ha podido llegar a una firme decisión al respecto. Lo que este modo de leer el relato revela es que resulta muy difícil concebir la idea de un mundo en el que fuera posible arrestar y ejecutar a personas inocentes, sin ninguna clase de justificación. Pero en esto consiste, precisamente, el mundo de ficción imaginado por Kafka, quien prefiguró así en El proceso el terror vivido en la Europa dominada por el totalitarismo.

  7. 31 March 2016 - Qatar Foundation Research and Development Executive Vice President H. Al-Ibrahim signing a Cooperation Agreement with CERN Director-General F. Gianotti.

    CERN Multimedia

    Brice, Maximilien

    2016-01-01

    Dr Hamad Al-Ibrahim Executive Vice President, Qatar Foundation Research and Development. Were present: CERN International Relations Unit, Adviser for Qatar P. Fassnacht; CERN Director for Research and Computing E. Elsen; Texas A&M Professor of Physics A. Safonov ; CERN Director for International Relations C. Warakaulle; Professor of Physics, Qatar University I.Al-Qaradawi; Executive Vice President H. Al-Ibrahim; CERN Director-General F. Gianotti; Ambassador Faisal Bin Abdulla Al-Henzab to the UNOG; Director of Research Computing, Texas A&M, Qatar O. Bouhali; Vice Dean, Texas A&M, Qatar E. Massad; Executive Director, Research Coordination & Special Initiatives, Qatar Foundation R&D D. Khoury.

  8. Josef Klingler's models of white matter tracts: influences on neuroanatomy, neurosurgery, and neuroimaging.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Agrawal, Abhishek; Kapfhammer, Josef P; Kress, Annetrudi; Wichers, Hermann; Deep, Aman; Feindel, William; Sonntag, Volker K H; Spetzler, Robert F; Preul, Mark C

    2011-08-01

    During the 1930s, white matter tracts began to assume relevance for neurosurgery, especially after Cajal's work. In many reviews of white matter neurobiology, the seminal contributions of Josef Klingler (1888-1963) and their neurological applications have been overlooked. In 1934 at the University of Basel under Eugen Ludwig, Klingler developed a new method of dissection based on a freezing technique for brain tissue that eloquently revealed the white matter tracts. Klingler worked with anatomists, surgeons, and other scientists, and his models and dissections of white matter tracts remain arguably the most elegant ever created. He stressed 3-dimensional anatomic relationships and laid the foundation for defining mesial temporal, limbic, insular, and thalamic fiber and functional relationships and contributed to the potential of stereotactic neurosurgery. Around 1947, Klingler was part of a Swiss-German group that independently performed the first stereotactic thalamotomies, basing their targeting and logic on Klingler's white matter studies, describing various applications of stereotaxy and showing Klingler's work integrated into a craniocerebral topographic system for targeting with external localization of eloquent brain structures and stimulation of deep thalamic nuclei. Klingler's work has received renewed interest because it is applicable for correlating the results of the fiber-mapping paradigms from diffusion tensor imaging to actual anatomic evidence. Although others have described white matter tracts, none have had as much practical impact on neuroscience as Klinger's work. More importantly, Josef Klingler was an encouraging mentor, influencing neurosurgeons, neuroscientists, and brain imaging for more than three quarters of a century.

  9. New Paleomagnetic Data for the Franz Josef Land Archipelago and their Tectonic Consequences

    Science.gov (United States)

    Abashev, V.; Mikhaltsov, N.

    2014-12-01

    On the base of field work on the Franz Josef Land archipelago (FJL) in 2010 and 2011 the new paleomagnetic data are obtained from the Jurassic-Early Cretaceous magmatic complexes. Main focus of this work was concentrated on the Early-Jurassic basalts widely represented on the Hooker island [1]. Together with the previous data [2] statistically reasonable paleomagnetic pole for the age boundary of 190 million years for the FJL is received (PLat.=62.4; PLon.=140.2; dp/dm=5.5/5.0; N=13). Paleomagnetic data allow to assume that the position of the FJL relative to the Europe in the Early Jurassic significantly differs from the present one. But to the Early Cretaceous it reached relative position very close to the presently observed [2]. We suggest that at least during Early-Middle Jurassic there was rifting processes between the North Barentz terrane (FJL and (may be) Svalbard) and the other part of the European tectonic domain. This rift was accompanied by shifting of the FLJ to the north-eastward on about 500 km. Also obtained paleomagnetic data agree with a hypothesis assuming that the FJL was passing over the Icelandic-Siberian hot spot during Jurassic-Cretaceous time: main paleolatitudes correspond to the Island's present latitude and the paleolatitude of the Siberian trapps. Paleomagnetic study of FJL has a reconnaissance character and cannot lead to any ultimate deductions as the data is obviously not enough. And further work on the basaltic covers of the archipelago seems to be very promising. Research was supported by grant RFBR 13-05-00177. 1. Karyakin Yu.V., Shipilov E.V. Geochemical Specialization and the 40Ar/39Ar Age of Basaltoid Magmatism in the Aleksandra Land, Northbrook, Hooker, and Hayes Island (Franz Josef Land Archipelago) // Doklady Akademii Nauk, 2009, Vol.425, No.2, P. 213-217 (in Russian). 2. Bragin V.Yu., Karyakin Yu.V., Mikhaltsov N.E. The Franz Josef Land archipelago: reconnaissance paleomagnetic data // Large igneous provinces of Asia

  10. Perbandingan Sistem Manajemen Mutu ISO 9001:2008, Standard BANPT dan Total Quality Management di UIN Maulana Malik Ibrahim Malang

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Hasyim Asy’ari

    2015-06-01

    Full Text Available Implementation of ISO Quality Management System (QMS at UIN Maulana Malik Ibrahim (Maliki Malang shows the spirit of the modernization of the campus management system. Application of ISO QMS is intended to facilitate the leaders of the campus to meetStandard of BAN-PT while building TQM. This research is focused on the comparative analysis of the implementation of ISO QMS, the role of Standard of BANPT and application of TQM in UIN Maliki Malang. The approach used is qualitative research, with data collection techniques such as interviews, observation and document study. This research finds that, among others, UIN’s leaders and internal stakeholders have sought to implement the clauses of ISO QMS correctly and consistently; and increase theinvolvement of academicians in sustainable campus quality improvement efforts. Implementation of QMS ISO becomesa medium to fulfill the Standard of BANPT as well as the foundation for the implementation of TQM.

  11. Photos of the massive ATLAS art mural at point 01 at CERN by Josef Kristofoletti, nearing completion.

    CERN Multimedia

    Claudia Marcelloni; Point 1 - CERN

    2010-01-01

    Photos of the massive mural of the ATLAS detector at CERN Point 1 nearing completion. The mural is being painted by artist Josef Kristofoletti, who appears in some of the photos. The mural is located at the ATLAS Experiment site and it shows on two walls the detector with a collision event superimposed. The event on the large wall shows a depiction of how a Higgs boson may look like in ATLAS.

  12. ‘The political reception of the Vienna School: Josef Strzygowski and Serbian art history’

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Nenad Makuljević

    2013-06-01

    Full Text Available This article considers the impact of the work of Josef Strzygowski in Serbia and, after 1918, Yugoslavia. Although he was a controversial figure in Austria, his work was very positively received in Serbian intellectual and political circles. In particular, Strzygowski’s interest in Serbian art was seen as culturally and politically empowering in a state that was still concerned to gain recognition in Europe in the early twentieth century. Although there was a history of antagonism between Serbia and Austria-Hungary, the symbolism of the fact that a leading representative of the University of Vienna had a sympathetic view of Serbian art and culture was not overlooked by the social and cultural elite. The article thus examines the influence of Strzygowski in the light of the wider political context of Serbia and Yugoslavia. It also examines the profile of Strzygowski, after hie death in 1941 arguing that he has continued to serve as an important reference point for Serbian art historians, albeit in a rather more critical manner that was once the case.

  13. Surviving to Tell the Tale: Josef Haslinger’s Phi Phi Island (2007

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    Katharina Gerstenberger

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available Literary texts about historical disasters tend to offer moral, political, or scientific interpretations of the occurrence that go well beyond the immediate experience of a catastrophe. They are, almost exclusively, written by people who did not in fact experience the catastrophic event. Survivor accounts, by contrast, typically do not have literary qualities. Phi Phi Island, the Austrian writer and essayist Josef Haslinger's literary report on how he and his family lived through the tsunami of 2004, is an exception. Point of departure for Haslinger's narrative is his inability to rejoice in the fact that he is alive. Carefully crafted and beautifully realized, his text combines the reconstruction of the events with reflections about how one can tell such a story in the first place. This essay analyzes Haslinger's strategies for coming to terms with the coincidence of survival, observing that the very personal nature of the report stands in noticeable contrast to the writer's commitment to political commentary in his other works.

  14. Early East Asian art history in Vienna and its trajectories: Josef Strzygowski, Karl With, Alfred Salmony

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Julia Orell

    2015-12-01

    Full Text Available In 1912 Josef Strzygowski founded the ‘Section for East Asian Art History’ at the University of Vienna, which attracted many students who would continue their careers in museums and at universities and thus established East Asian art history as an academic field. This paper examines these early art historical engagements with East Asian art: First, I discuss the role of East Asian art in Strzygowski’s agenda of broadening art history’s geographical scope beyond Europe and in his argument about the dominance of ‘Nordic’ artistic traditions in Europe and in Asia. Secondly, I introduce the work of two early students at the ‘Section for East Asian Art History’ in Vienna, Karl With and Alfred Salmony. Their respective approaches to East Asian art exemplify a range of methodological concerns of their time, from stylistic narratives, the concept of ars una, comparative frameworks, to ideas about cultural or national ‘purity’ in the arts, and an interest in cross-cultural adaption and transformation of motifs and symbolism.

  15. PEMETAAN AIR TANAH MENGGUNAKAN METODE RESISTIVITAS WENNER SOUNDING (Studi Kasus Kampus II Universitas Islam Negeri Maulana Malik Ibrahim Malang

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    A.M. Miftahul Huda

    2012-03-01

    Full Text Available Human is khalifa in this earth, it was presented at Qoran (Al-Fathir: 39. Then the  earth is authority and responsibility of human to saving and managing. Include of that is  aquifer. Aquifer is the water that is available in the throat of geology which permeable. The mapping of aquifer potency is important because it used for developing the collage II Islamic State University Maulana Malik Ibrahim of Malang at Junrejo, Batu. Good water is predicted consume at high level in future. This investigation purposefull to know the place of the potentiality of aquifer in the location of investigation verticality. The method used in this research is Resistivity Geoelectric is an used to investigate the current surface based on stone resistivity. In this  case,  is  used  wenner  sounding  configuration.  potentiality  of  aquifer  in  the location of investigation verticality. At the every measuring using resistivity meter OYO Mc 2119. The result of the survey show if variety of depth and thick layers of aquifer; whit the best potentiality of aquifer at sounding point 2 C C (7° 55' 11,9" LS dan 112° 32' 36,1" BT in second line. Potency source of aquifer at hight more than 93,8 meter from surface. Then in first line, potency of aquifer is predicted bad. Cross-correlaton of sounding points showed that formation of geology is sands, sand- limestone, clay, and breccia. Kata Kunci: Qoran, Aquifer, Resistivity method of wenner sounding, Potency of Aquifer.

  16. The Past and the Present in the Early Novels of Hanns-Josef Ortheil

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    Ernestine Schlant

    1994-06-01

    Full Text Available Hanns-Josef Ortheil's early novels Fermer , 1979 and Hecke , 1983 have male protagonists who search for self-identity in the West Germany of the 1980s. In the process, they discover that they are profoundly influenced by the lives and experiences of their parents, particularly as these lives were shaped during and by the Hitler regime. In Fermer , the 19-year old protagonist rebels against this society by going AWOL. Yet in his geographical flight and intellectual analyses he realizes his deep emotional bonds with the expectations and behavior of the parent generation. Recognition of these bonds is only the first step on a Iong and painful road toward personally independent and politically responsible adulthood. An exploration of the key concepts of order and Geborgenheit (being protected reveals the deep-seated ambiguities in the postwar mentality of the parent generation as it is trying to instill these sentiments in their successors. The 30-year old protagonist of Hecke pieces together his mother's traumatized life during and after the Hitler regime in order to understand her emotionally stultifying hold on him. He comes to understand the manipulative power of her suffering and realizes that he must shed the burden of her displaced needs if he hopes to attain a conscious, mature self-identity. The use and the manipulation of language and its silences are the prime target of the narrator's efforts to penetrate the "protective hedges" of untold stories. Both novels conclude with the protagonists' intellectual insights into their psychological and socially conditioned make-up, but they do not—yet—carry these insights into action.

  17. Digging up the Past: Space, Time, and Memory in Josef Haslinger’s "Fiona und Ferdinand"

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    Anna Souchuk

    2015-08-01

    Full Text Available Josef Haslinger’s story "Fiona und Ferdinand" (2006 revolves around a disclosed secret in its narrator’s childhood hometown, which implicates two (deceased village elders in a decades-old rape and murder mystery long blamed on two anonymous “Russian soldiers.” The discovery of two partial skeletons locked in a bedroom trunk awakens the narrator’s memory: years before as a child, he unearthed the same skeletons after first spying a finger bone buried in a stream. The identification of the bones is central in determining the perpetrators of the rape/murder, but no one -- and in particular the narrator’s mother -- seems interested in hearing the testimony of the crime’s lone eyewitness, now an aged woman. Instead, the revelation evokes a collective effort to willfully impede any investigation into the truth, presumably as a means to maintain the town’s dual pretenses of order and respectability. "Fiona und Ferdinand" emphasizes Haslinger’s preoccupation with the Austrian failure to confront its own past, specifically via families as fundamental units of transmission and memory. In this analysis of the text, I explore Haslinger’s treatment of space, time, and memory in several ways. First, I examine how his notion of “officially sanctioned memory” intersects with a landscape that contains past and present alike. Second, I discuss how bodies, either the violated female body or the rotted skeletons Fiona and Ferdinand, are emblems that raise discussions of space, gender, and memory. Last, I consider collective memory and how it enables processes of forgetting. The reluctance to “dig up the past” is thematized in "Fiona und Ferdinand" using devices common throughout Haslinger’s oeuvre, and this paper will analyze the story through the lens of Haslinger-as-archaeologist, exploring how families, and the memories they possess, are both the key to truth and the foil to its revelation. 

  18. Climate Change of Franz Josef Land in the XX-XXI Centuries

    Science.gov (United States)

    Shilovtseva, Olga; Romanenko, Fedor

    2016-04-01

    The results of climatic observations on the most northern land of Eurasia - Franz Josef Land, that was discovered in 1874, are presented. The gaps in the observations of the observatory named after Ernst Krenkel (Hayes's Island) were supplemented by calculations using reanalysis ERA Interim. It was received the positive trend in surface air temperature during 1958-2013. It is mainly achieved by increasing of the air temperature in winter but the summer trend is not statistically significant. Data of observation and reanalysis are perfectly correlated in cold period when underlying surface is uniform (correlation coefficient of more than 0.95). In summer, the correlation coefficients between the calculated and the real data are significantly lower (up to 0.68). This fact may be a consequence of the small values of the mean air temperatures of summer months (for example, during the July they varied in the interval -1-+2 degrees C.). Furthermore, it may be caused by the difficulty of model reproduction of the real state of the underlying surface, where land, ice, snow and water are chaotically combined. The analysis of circulation types by B.L. Dzerdzeevsky has shown that in the mid-XX Century, the northern meridional and western zonal types of circulation were replaced by southern meridional one, which prevailed during the first decade of the XXI too. This causes a reduction of the ice cover period, which resulted in a strengthening of the beach erosion and of slope processes. But short-term flows of warm air from the south, causing a catastrophic melting of glaciers, were also repeatedly marked in the past. This work is supported by the Russian Science Foundation (project № 14-37-00038) and by the national park "Russian Arctic".

  19. Pestalozzi in Dewey's Realm? Bauhaus Master Josef Albers among the German-Speaking Emigres' Colony at Black Mountain College (1933-1949)

    Science.gov (United States)

    Fussl, Karl Heinz

    2006-01-01

    This article deals with German academic emigres who fled Hitler after 1933 and established their refuge at the American-based Black Mountain College in North Carolina, founded as an alternative to traditional institutions of higher education in that very year. Of particular consideration are the contributions of noted Bauhaus master Josef Albers…

  20. 87 - 92_Ibrahim

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    User

    2016-06-01

    Jun 1, 2016 ... 22.72Km/Km2), there is high connectivity index (1.3 Beta Index), and conducive mobility status. The road ... revealed that 'investment in road networks reduces the travel ... road stock of Kano metropolis as a treasure; political.

  1. 242__Ibrahim_Tigernut

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    User

    microbiological quality of the milk, big yellow tiger nuts were soaked in 3 L of tap ... There were significant (p<0.05) decrease and increase in the pH values of the ..... opportunistic pathogen that cause human disease in ... loss of quality, edibility or nutritional value and allow ..... Composition and Functional Properties of.

  2. 88 - 93 MB Ibrahim

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    DR. AMIN

    REMOVAL OF TOXIC METALS FROM AQUEOUS SOLUTION BY SAW DUST ... dose, (iii) initial metal ion concentration, (iv) effect of pH variation of the adsorbate solution, (v) .... competitive adsorption of several heavy metals in seven.

  3. Botany and zoology in the late seventeenth-century Philippines: the work of Georg Josef Camel SJ (1661-1706).

    Science.gov (United States)

    Reyes, Raquel A G

    2009-10-01

    Georg Josef Camel (1661-1706) went to the Spanish colony of the Philippine Islands as a Jesuit lay brother in 1687, and he remained there until his death. Throughout his time in the Philippines, Camel collected examples of the flora and fauna, which he drew and described in detail. This paper offers an overview of his life, his publications and the Camel manuscripts, drawings and specimens that are preserved among the Sloane Manuscripts in the British Library and in the Sloane Herbarium at the Natural History Museum, London. It also discusses Camel's links and exchanges with scientifically minded plant collectors and botanists in London, Madras and Batavia. Among those with whom Camel corresponded were John Ray, James Petiver, and the Dutch physician Willem Ten Rhijne.

  4. Contrasting medial moraine development at adjacent temperate, maritime glaciers: Fox and Franz Josef Glaciers, South Westland, New Zealand

    Science.gov (United States)

    Brook, Martin; Hagg, Wilfried; Winkler, Stefan

    2017-08-01

    Medial moraines form important pathways for sediment transportation in valley glaciers. Despite the existence of well-defined medial moraines on several glaciers in the New Zealand Southern Alps, medial moraines there have hitherto escaped attention. The evolving morphology and debris content of medial moraines on Franz Josef Glacier and Fox Glacier on the western flank of the Southern Alps is the focus of this study. These temperate maritime glaciers exhibit accumulation zones of multiple basins that feed narrow tongues flowing down steep valleys and terminate 400 m above sea level. The medial moraines at both glaciers become very prominent in the lower ablation zones, where the medial moraines widen, and develop steeper flanks coeval with an increase in relative relief. Medial moraine growth appears somewhat self-limiting in that relief and slope angle increase eventually lead to transport of debris away from the medial moraine by mass-movement-related processes. Despite similarities in overall morphologies, a key contrast in medial moraine formation exists between the two glaciers. At Fox Glacier, the medial moraine consists of angular rockfall-derived debris, folded to varying degrees along flow-parallel axes throughout the tongue. The debris originates above the ELA, coalesces at flow-unit boundaries, and takes a medium/high level transport pathway before subsequently emerging at point-sources aligned with gently dipping fold hinges near the snout. In contrast at Franz Josef Glacier, the medial moraine emerges farther down-glacier immediately below a prominent rock knob. Clasts show a mix of angular to rounded shapes representing high level transport and subglacially transported materials, the latter facies possibly also elevated by supraglacial routing of subglacial meltwater. Our observations confirm that a variety of different debris sources, transport pathways, and structural glaciological processes can interact to form medial moraines within New Zealand

  5. Nährig, Dietrich & Karl Hermann Harms, unter Mitarbeit von Josef Kiechle, Hanspeter Rausch, Wolfgang Schawaller & Jörg Spelda (2003: Rote Listen und Checklisten der Spinnentiere (Arachnida Baden-Württembergs

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Blick, Theo

    2004-11-01

    Full Text Available book review: Nährig Dietrich & Karl Hermann Harms, unter Mitarbeit von Josef Kiechle, Hanspeter Rausch, Wolfgang Schawaller & Jörg Spelda (2003: Rote Listen und Checklisten der Spinnentiere (Arachnida Baden-Württembergs.

  6. The structure and diversity of freshwater diatom assemblages from Franz Josef Land Archipelago: a northern outpost for freshwater diatoms

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sergi Pla-Rabés

    2016-02-01

    Full Text Available We examined diatom assemblages from 18 stream and pond samples in the Franz Josef Land Archipelago (FJL, the most northern land of Eurasia. More than 216 taxa were observed, revealing a rich circumpolar diatom flora, including many undescribed taxa. Widely distributed taxa were the most abundant by cell densities, while circumpolar taxa were the most species rich. Stream and pond habitats hosted different assemblages, and varied along a pH gradient. Diatoma tenuis was the most abundant and ubiquitous taxon. However, several circumpolar taxa such as Chamaepinnularia gandrupii, Cymbella botellus, Psammothidium sp. and Humidophila laevissima were also found in relatively high abundances. Aerophilic taxa were an important component of FJL diatom assemblages (Humidophila spp., Caloneis spp. and Pinnularia spp., reflecting the large and extreme seasonal changes in Arctic conditions. We predict a decrease in the abundance of circumpolar taxa, an increase in local (α- freshwater diatom diversity, but a decrease in regional diversity (circumpolar homogenization as a result of current warming trends and to a lesser extent the increasing human footprint in the region.

  7. "The environment as a cause of disease in children": Josef Friedjung's transnational influence on modern child welfare theory.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Danto, Elizabeth Ann

    2013-01-01

    Josef K. Friedjung's Advanced Pediatrics--A Companion to Traditional Textbooks (Erlebte Kinderheilkunde--eine Ergänzung er gebräuchlichen Lehrbucher), published in 1919 in Vienna, has cast a long but nearly-vanished shadow over modern child welfare theory. The originality of his focus on "the whole child" was in some ways a commentary on Sigmund Freud, but its overtly progressive political character gave Friedjung's argument visible applicability within the field of urban social welfare. As a pediatrician and an ardent cosmopolitan, Friedjung was willing to consider conflicting values between traditional family systems and the state. Had the Nazis not forced him into exile in Palestine, where he died in 1946, Friedjung's pioneering oeuvre would have joined our child welfare narrative long ago. Fortunately today archival evidence on which this study draws, fragmented as it is in both German and English, does confirm that the first and second generation psychoanalysts, Friedjung among them, built a mental health movement around a social justice core closely allied to the cultural context of central Europe from 1918 to 1933. In many ways, child welfare as we know it emerged as a practical implementation of that ideology.

  8. 3D high resolution tracking of ice flow using mutli-temporal stereo satellite imagery, Franz Josef Glacier, New Zealand

    Science.gov (United States)

    Leprince, S.; Lin, J.; Ayoub, F.; Herman, F.; Avouac, J.

    2013-12-01

    We present the latest capabilities added to the Co-Registration of Optically Sensed Images and Correlation (COSI-Corr) software, which aim at analyzing time-series of stereoscopic imagery to document 3D variations of the ground surface. We review the processing chain and present the new and improved modules for satellite pushbroom imagery, in particular the N-image bundle block adjustment to jointly optimize the viewing geometry of multiple acquisitions, the improved multi-scale image matching based on Semi-Global Matching (SGM) to extract high resolution topography, and the triangulation of multi-temporal disparity maps to derive 3D ground motion. In particular, processes are optimized to run on a cluster computing environment. This new suite of algorithms is applied to the study of Worldview stereo imagery above the Franz Josef, Fox, and Tasman Glaciers, New Zealand, acquired on 01/30/2013, 02/09/2013, and 02/28/2013. We derive high resolution (1m post-spacing) maps of ice flow in three dimensions, where ice velocities of up to 4 m/day are recorded. Images were collected in early summer during a dry and sunny period, which followed two weeks of unsettled weather with several heavy rainfall events across the Southern Alps. The 3D tracking of ice flow highlights the surface response of the glaciers to changes in effective pressure at the ice-bedrock interface due to heavy rainfall, at an unprecedented spatial resolution.

  9. THE REFLECTIONS OF MUSIC AND MUSIC’S TERMS’ IN IBRAHIM RASHID’S DIWAN / MUSİKÎ VE MUSİKÎ TERİMLERİNİN İBRAHİM RÂSİD DİVANI’NDAKİ YANSIMALARI

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Kamile ÇETİN (M.A.H.

    2009-04-01

    Full Text Available Music is an art which telling sense and thoughtswith certain rules and harmonius sounds with sound’smaterials. Turkish music has an history about 2500years. Ottoman music includes a term of 500 years inthis history. Music is an object that Classical Turkishpoetry benefits. At this article will be put out the musicand the music’s terms’ echos in the Ibrahim Rashid’sDiwan which Classical Turkish poetry’s representativesin 19. century.

  10. Penilaian Tingkat Kemapanan Tata Kelola Teknologi Informasi Berbasis COBIT 4.1 Pada Layanan Portal Akademik Online (Studi Kasus : UIN Maulana Malik Ibrahim Malang

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Fachrul Kurniawan

    2014-09-01

    Full Text Available Pemanfaatan TI dalam dunia pendidikan merupakan hal yang sangat penting untuk menunjang kegiatan akademiknya. Termasuk juga di Universitas Islam Negeri Maulana Malik Ibrahim Malang yang terkenal dengan sistem administrasi akademik online atau biasa disebut siakad. Namun dalam pemanfatan tersebut belum bisa diketahui sejauh mana TI yang digunakan bisa mendukung proses bisnis yang ada di universitas, khususnya yang terkait dengan layanan akademik online. Oleh karena itu perlu adanya penilaian resmi dan prosedural terkait kualitas tata kelola TI pada layanan portal akademik online. Proses penilaian tata kelola TI ini menggunakan framework COBIT 4.1. Penelitian ini dilakukan di Lembaga Pengembangan Sistem Informasi (LPSI. Dalam proses penilaian tata kelola TI tersebut COBIT 4.1 menggunakan sistem pemetaan proses bisnis sehingga terpilih proses TI terkait COBIT atau dengan diagram value chain. Hasil dari pemetaan proses bisnis berdasarkan COBIT 4.1 terpilih proses TI DS1 Define and manage service levels dan DS4 Ensure continuous service sebagai acuan penilaian dengan hasil perhitungan tingkat kemapanan kedua proses TI pada level 3 (Defined. Namun LPSI memiliki keinginan dan harapan besar dalam meningkatkan tingkat kemapanan TI yang semakin baik, yaitu tata kelola yang optimal. Hal ini ditunjukkan dari hasil perhitungan tingkat kemapanan yang diharapkan (to-be , yaitu berada pada level 5 (Optimised. Kata kunci : tingkat kemapanan, tata kelola ti, COBIT, portal akademik online.

  11. De discípulo a maestro. Un estudio sobre la tarbiya a través de tres poemas de Ibrahim Niasse

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Antonio de Diego González

    2016-10-01

    Full Text Available Este trabajo explora de forma diacónica el concepto sufí de tarbiya (indicación espiritual a través del análisis de tres poemas del maestro sufí senegalés Ibrahim Niasse. En el primero de los textos, Ruh al-abab (El hábito de la cortesía, Niasse resume la doctrina de la Tijaniyya y el sufismo antes de su consolidación como maestro en 1929. El segundo texto, nabadhat min asha'arna fi tabiya wa al-irsbad (Advertencia sobre la tarbiya y la guía, explora el proceso de la iniciación espiritual y su metodología desde su posición de maestro sufí. En el último texto, Sriman, Niasse explica las dificultades que se producen tras acceder a la gnosis. Por último, y a modo de epílogo, se incluye una observación sobre la tarbiya y la gnosis en la vida cotidiana en África contemporánea.

  12. [Botanical journey of Josef A. Knapp in Galicia as a part of exploration of Austro-Hungarian Monarchy].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wysokińska, Beata

    2011-01-01

    Josef Armin Knapp (1843-1899) as Austrian botanist was interested in development of botanical knowledge of Austro-Hungarian Monarchy--his maternal country. Monarchy, during the long regency of emperor Franz Josef I, was multinational, very much diversified geographically territory. This large empire had included, among others, such countries as present Austria, Hungary, Slovakia, Croatia, Ukraine, Romania and the southern part of present Poland--previously known as Galicia. J. A. Knapp was interested in studying these parts of empire which were considered peripheries and less-known. It seems to have met the requirements of science, economy and administration of Vienna. J. A. Knapp in his large floristic researches had included explorations of considerable part of the Monarchy and had left an interesting scientific legacy. His research papers were results of botanical explorations in selected areas of the Monarchy--area of Nitra (currently a city in Slovakia), Slavonia (presently a land in Croatia) and Galicia (the historical area in the south of Poland). This article refers to the botanical journey of J. A. Knapp in Galicia in summer 1868. The main purpose of his journey was to visit and explore selected places in Galicia--the surroundings of Jaslo and Sanok towns and some specific areas within the Bieszczady Mountains, which are part of the Carpathians Mountains. Botanical researches in the Bieszczady Mountains provided by J. A. Knapp can be considered nowadays as very important and pioneering in that area. In the second part of XIX century this area was highly populated and the observed anthropogenic pressure applied to the nature was strong. Now, the area is considered a very valuable natural territory--since 1973 it has been occupied by the Bieszczady National Park--one of Polish national parks. J. A. Knapp had spent more than two months in Galicia thanks to the great hospitality of Polish people, especially botanists: A. Rehmann, I. R. Czerwiakowski, W. Jab

  13. Eugenics ideals, racial hygiene, and the emigration process of German-American neurogeneticist Franz Josef Kallmann (1897-1965).

    Science.gov (United States)

    Pow, Stephen; Stahnisch, Frank W

    2016-01-01

    Biological psychiatry in the early twentieth century was based on interrelated disciplines, such as neurology and experimental biology. Neuropsychiatrist Franz Josef Kallmann (1897-1965) was a product of this interdisciplinary background who showed an ability to adapt to different scientific contexts, first in the field of neuromorphology in Berlin, and later in New York. Nonetheless, having innovative ideas, as Kallmann did, could be an ambiguous advantage, since they could lead to incommensurable scientific views and marginalization in existing research programs. Kallmann followed his Dr. Med. degree (1919) with training periods at the Charité Medical School in Berlin under psychiatrist Karl Bonhoeffer (1868-1948). Subsequently, he collaborated with Ernst Ruedin (1874-1952), investigating sibling inheritance of schizophrenia and becoming a protagonist of genetic research on psychiatric conditions. In 1936, Kallmann was forced to immigrate to the USA where he published The Genetics of Schizophrenia (1938), based on data he had gathered from the district pathological institutes of Berlin's public health department. Kallmann resumed his role as an international player in biological psychiatry and genetics, becoming president (1952) of the American Society of Human Genetics and Director of the New York State Psychiatric Institute in 1955. While his work was well received by geneticists, the idea of genetic differences barely took hold in American psychiatry, largely because of émigré psychoanalysts who dominated American clinical psychiatry until the 1960s and established a philosophical direction in which genetics played no significant role, being regarded as dangerous in light of Nazi medical atrocities. After all, medical scientists in Nazi Germany had been among the social protagonists of racial hygiene which, under the aegis of Nazi philosophies, replaced medical genetics as the basis for the ideals and application of eugenics.

  14. Dedication of the massive ATLAS art mural painted by Josef Kristofoletti directly above the cavern of the ATLAS Experiment at CERN

    CERN Multimedia

    Claudia Marcelloni, Michael Barnett

    2010-01-01

    Ceremony to celebrate the massive mural of the ATLAS detector at CERN painted by artist Josef Kristofoletti. The mural is located at the ATLAS Experiment site, and it shows on two perpendicular walls the detector with a collision event superimposed. The event on the large wall shows a simulation of an event that would be recorded in ATLAS if a Higgs boson was produced. The cavern of the ATLAS Experiment with the detector is 100 meters directly below the mural. The height of the mural is about 12 meters (40 feet). The actual ATLAS detector is more than twice as big.

  15. Nİhânî (IbrahIm Celebı and the Ghazals Nihânî (İbrahim Çelebi ve Gazelleri

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Yunus KAPLAN

    2010-10-01

    Full Text Available Nihânî is a classical Otoman poet who wrote poems in the second half of the16th century. His real name is Ibrahim Celebi. Resources do not have any information about his date of birth. He was born in Edirne. The year, 1592 is known as his date of death. No work of the poet could be found. He draws attention with his written ghazals. In this study, a general assessment has been made by examining Nihânî’s life, his literary personality, his artistic quality and poetry and ghazals that could be determined in his Divançe are presented. Asıl adı İbrahim Çelebi olan Nihânî, 16. yüzyılın ikinci yarısında şiirler yazan bir divan şairidir. Kaynaklarda doğum tarihi hakkında herhangi bir bilgi bulunmamaktadır. Doğum yeri Edirne olan şairin ölüm tarihi olarak ise 1592 yılı gösterilir. Herhangi bir eserinin varlığı tespit edilemeyen şair, yazmış olduğu gazellerle dikkatleri çeker. Bu çalışmada Nihânî’nin hayatı, edebî kişiliği, sanatı ve şiirleri incelenerek genel bir değerlendirme yapılmış, tespit edilebilen Divançe’sindeki gazelleri sunulmuştur.

  16. Eskiz integratsii / Josef Kats

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Kats, Josef, 1977-

    2008-01-01

    Rahvastikuminister Urve Palo märkis uut integratsiooniprogrammi tutvustades, et integratsioon on kahepoolne protsess, mis ei tähenda mitte ainult eesti keele õppimist vaid ka kõikide Eesti elanike kaasamist ühiskondlikku ellu

  17. Grazhdanskaja oborona / Josef Kats

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Kats, Josef, 1977-

    2006-01-01

    Isamaa ja Res Publica Liit korraldas Tallinnas Toompeal piketi, et protesteerida transiidiärimees Andrei Filatovile Eesti Vabariigi kodakondsuse andmise vastu. Siseminister Kalle Laaneti sõnul arutab valitsus küsimust põhjalikult. Vt. samas: "Severstaltrans"on poliitikast kaugel

  18. Valgaskii tribunal / Josef Kats

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Kats, Josef, 1977-

    2004-01-01

    Ilmunud ka: Narvskaja Gazeta, 27. mai 2004, lk. 8. Eesti peaministri, Res Publica esimehe Juhan Partsi ja Läti ekspeaministri, partei Uus Aeg juhi Einars Repshe ühisavaldusest Euroopa Parlamendile, milles nõudsid kommunismi kuritegelikuks kuulutamist ning Venemaalt okupatsiooniaegsete kuritegude avalikku tunnistamist. Poliitikute kohtumisest Valgas

  19. Sistemnaja bezopasnost / Josef Kats

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Kats, Josef, 1977-

    2007-01-01

    Euroopa Parlamendi kodanike õiguste, justiits- ja siseasjade komisjon leidis, et Eesti, Läti, Leedu, Poola, Slovakkia, Sloveenia, Tšehhi, Ungari ja Malta on täitnud Schengeni infosüsteemi SIS rakendamiseks vajalikud tingimused ja esitas oma hinnangu nõukogule

  20. Eskiz integratsii / Josef Kats

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Kats, Josef, 1977-

    2008-01-01

    Rahvastikuminister Urve Palo märkis uut integratsiooniprogrammi tutvustades, et integratsioon on kahepoolne protsess, mis ei tähenda mitte ainult eesti keele õppimist vaid ka kõikide Eesti elanike kaasamist ühiskondlikku ellu

  1. Geodynamics of the Barents-Kara margin in the Mesozoic inferred from paleomagnetic data on rocks from the Franz Josef Land Archipelago

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mikhaltsov, N. E.; Karyakin, Yu. V.; Abashev, V. V.; Bragin, V. Yu.; Vernikovsky, V. A.; Travin, A. V.

    2016-12-01

    New data on paleomagnetism and isotope geochronology of Jurassic and Early Cretaceous basic igneous rocks on Franz Josef Land Archipelago (FJL) represented by flows and dikes are discussed. The first paleomagnetic data obtained for these rocks offer the opportunity to suggest a model of spatial changes in the FJL block position during the Jurassic‒Cretaceous. In the Early Jurassic, the block occupied a different position relative to Europe from the modern one. It was displaced in the northeasterly direction by a distance of approximately 500 km and rotated clockwise by about 40° relative to its modern position. By the Early Cretaceous, the FJL block occupied a position close to the present-day one avoiding subsequent substantial relative displacements. The data obtained are of principal significance for reconstructing the geodynamic evolution of Arctic structures in the Mesozoic and contribute greatly to the base of paleomagnetic data for the Arctic region, development of which is now in progress.

  2. KNG1 Ile581Thr and susceptibility to venous thrombosis.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Morange, Pierre-Emmanuel; Oudot-Mellakh, Tiphaine; Cohen, William; Germain, Marine; Saut, Noémie; Antoni, Guillemette; Alessi, Marie-Christine; Bertrand, Marion; Dupuy, Anne-Marie; Letenneur, Luc; Lathrop, Mark; Lopez, Lorna M; Lambert, Jean-Charles; Emmerich, Joseph; Amouyel, Philippe; Trégouët, David-Alexandre

    2011-03-31

    Three single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) were recently found to be associated with activated partial thromboplastin time (aPTT). Because shortened aPTT levels have been observed in patients experiencing venous thrombosis (VT), we investigated the effects of these 3 aPTT-associated SNPs, rs2731672, rs9898, and rs710446, on the risk of VT in a sample of 1110 healthy patients and 1542 patients with VT. Among the 3 tested SNPs, only rs710446 was associated with VT risk; the rs710446-C allele was associated with an increased risk of VT (odds ratio 1.196, 95% confidence interval 1.071-1.336, P = .0012). This association also was observed in an independent sample of 590 controls and 596 patients (odds ratio 1.171, 95% confidence interval 0.889-1.541, P = .059). We also confirmed that the rs710446-C allele was associated with decreased aPTT levels, making this nonsynonymous Ile581Thr variant a new genetic risk factor for VT.

  3. "Josef K von 1963...": Orson Welles' ‘Americanized’ Version of The Trial and the changing functions of the Kafkaesque in Postwar West Germany

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Anne-Marie Scholz

    2009-08-01

    Full Text Available This article investigates the reception of the American auteur and actor Orson Welles' adaptation of Franz Kafka's The Trial in West Germany in 1963. It argues that the film’s ambivalent reception by German critics was closely tied to the process of “Vergangenheitsbewältigung” (coming to terms with the past that had developed in Germany during the mid-1950s with the widespread circulation and publication of visual images of Nazi war crimes, and that was in the process of a more politicized transformation in the early sixties. Through the figure of Welles, this essay also explores the ways U.S. culture could influence this process. Welles’ reading of Kafka as a “prophet of fascism”, whose Josef K. actively resists his oppressors—even if to no apparent avail—set off a timely discussion among commentators about the meaning and function of Kafka’s works in post-war West Germany. In 1963, in the midst of spectacular court cases and “trials” that began to highlight the widespread complicity of Germans in National Socialist war crimes, the theme of “active resistance” to tyranny that Welles’ version of The Trial offered did not fit the picture. It was, as one critic suggested, a distorted, “Americanized” fantasy. Others, however, appreciated the didactic value of Welles’ international co-production, which coincided with the beginnings of the New German Cinema movement, a confrontational effort to engage with questions of the past through film.

  4. Vmeste i vroz / Josef Kats

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Kats, Josef, 1977-

    2006-01-01

    Välisminister Urmas Paet valitsuses heakskiidetud arengukoostöö kavast, milles nähakse ette summad arengukoostöö abiks ja humanitaarabiks, mitmetele Valgevene juhtivatele ametnikele viisakeelu kehtestamisest

  5. Analiz vmesto emotsii / Josef Kats

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Kats, Josef, 1977-

    2007-01-01

    Peaminister Andrus Ansipi ja välisminister Urmas Paeti sõnul on valitsus küsinud Vene-Saksa gaasijuhtme ehitamiseks vajalike teadusuuringute läbiviimiseks nõu enam kui 20 asutuselt, nende alusel tuleb teha kaalutletud otsus

  6. Piket bez otveta / Josef Kats

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Kats, Josef, 1977-

    2006-01-01

    Toompeal korraldati piketid protesteerimaks Riigikogus teisele lugemisele tuleva sõjahaudasid käsitleva eelnõu ning Riigikogu põhiseadus- ja õiguskomisjoni vastuste vastu pronkssõduri ümarlaua poolt saadetud kirjale

  7. Vmeste i vroz / Josef Kats

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Kats, Josef, 1977-

    2006-01-01

    Välisminister Urmas Paet valitsuses heakskiidetud arengukoostöö kavast, milles nähakse ette summad arengukoostöö abiks ja humanitaarabiks, mitmetele Valgevene juhtivatele ametnikele viisakeelu kehtestamisest

  8. Piket bez otveta / Josef Kats

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Kats, Josef, 1977-

    2006-01-01

    Toompeal korraldati piketid protesteerimaks Riigikogus teisele lugemisele tuleva sõjahaudasid käsitleva eelnõu ning Riigikogu põhiseadus- ja õiguskomisjoni vastuste vastu pronkssõduri ümarlaua poolt saadetud kirjale

  9. Analiz vmesto emotsii / Josef Kats

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Kats, Josef, 1977-

    2007-01-01

    Peaminister Andrus Ansipi ja välisminister Urmas Paeti sõnul on valitsus küsinud Vene-Saksa gaasijuhtme ehitamiseks vajalike teadusuuringute läbiviimiseks nõu enam kui 20 asutuselt, nende alusel tuleb teha kaalutletud otsus

  10. Josef Frank and the history of architecture: Gothic and the Renaissance, Leon Battista Alberti and Albrecht Dürer in the architectural discourse on Neues Bauen at the beginning of the 1930s

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Caterina Cardemone

    2016-06-01

    Full Text Available The paper focuses on Josef Frank’s convinced use of historiographical arguments in his sharp critique of German modernist architecture. Frank’s attention to architectural history dates back to his education at the Technische Hochschule in Vienna, with Carl König, and the writing of a doctoral thesis on Leon Battista Alberti’s religious buildings in 1910. If a profound knowledge of Alberti’s writings informs Frank’s entire theoretical work, the point discussed here is the parallel between Neues Bauen and Gothic traced by Frank to exclude Neues Bauen from a true modernity, based, on the opposite, on a classical tradition of thought. An attempt is made to reconstruct Frank’s historiographical references and to insert his work in the broader historiographical context, thus highlighting a close link between architectural theory and critique on the one hand and contemporary historiographical constructions on the other.

  11. 20__148 - 152_Ibrahim et al.,

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    pc

    2017-06-01

    Jun 1, 2017 ... fuel / oil production, storage and transport, coke production timber treatment and .... be optimised by the use of hydrogen peroxide and magnesium peroxide which produce oxygen at levels higher than can be achieved by ...

  12. 989-IJBCS-Article-Aliyu Ibrahim

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    DR GATSING

    Lactic acid bacteria. INTRODUCTION .... biochemical reactions the isolates were identified as ... Potassium, Sodium, Calcium and Magnesium. ... ethylene diamine tetra acetic acid (EDTA). Titration ..... bicarbonate with smaller quantities of.

  13. 1357-IJBCS-Article-Natatou Ibrahim

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Administrateur

    Mn, Co, Ni, Cu, Ga, As, Se, Br, Rb, Y, Zr, Nb, Mo, Ru, Rh, Pd, Ag, Cd, In, Sb, Te, ..... Tableau 1: Composition chimique du gypse nodulaire et fibreux par ICP-AES. ... Gypse nodulaire. Concentration (mg/kg). Gypse fibreux. Na. 3,5. 3. Mg. 1. 0,4.

  14. 502-IJBCS-Article-Dr Dakinatou Ibrahim

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    DR GATSING

    ABSTRACT. Land degradation may cause nutrient deficiencies for plant growth. ... for soil microorganisms (Chaudri et al., 1993). Elevated ... stimulate crop growth through a range of different ...... sustainable intensified arable farming systems ...

  15. 2041-IJBCS-Article-Aliyu Ibrahim Dabai

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    hp

    bacteria identified from these samples were Bacillus sp., Proteus sp., ... essential nutrients for the survival of soil microorganisms, plant growth and ... sustainability in agricultural production, .... stimulate the growth and multiplication of the.

  16. 40__268 - 276_Nafiu and Ibrahim

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    pc

    n of physicochemical parameters during the study period. .... fertilizer application. ... there is significant difference or otherwise. Duncan. Multiple Range Test was used to separate the ..... the case of Rotifers may possibly be due to predation.

  17. 20__148 - 152_Ibrahim et al.,

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    pc

    2017-06-01

    Jun 1, 2017 ... nutrient sources and release the bound residues into soil to undergo biodegradation. ... controlled to enhance microbial activity (Wilson and. Jones, 1992). ... fertilizer application was used, 50000Kg of nitrogen and 5000Kg of ...

  18. Niilus teel demokraatia poole / Saad Eddin Ibrahim

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Ibrahim, Saad Eddin

    2005-01-01

    Egiptuse president Hosni Mubarak tegi ettepaneku muuta põhiseadust nii, et tulevikus saaks presidenti valida mitme kandidaadi vahel. Kairo Ameerika Ülikooli professori hinnangul aitaksid tõsise suhtumisega reformid muuta Mubaraki pärandit. Lisa: Praegune Egiptuse poliitiline režiim

  19. 1324-IJBCS-Article-Tchakala Ibrahim

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    KODJIO NORBERT

    nous a permis de déterminer la nature et les quantités des ..... derived from oil palm empty fruit bunches. J. Environ. Sci., 19: ... studies for the almond shell activated carbon adsorption of ... Physicochemical properties of carbons prepared from ...

  20. Niilus teel demokraatia poole / Saad Eddin Ibrahim

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Ibrahim, Saad Eddin

    2005-01-01

    Egiptuse president Hosni Mubarak tegi ettepaneku muuta põhiseadust nii, et tulevikus saaks presidenti valida mitme kandidaadi vahel. Kairo Ameerika Ülikooli professori hinnangul aitaksid tõsise suhtumisega reformid muuta Mubaraki pärandit. Lisa: Praegune Egiptuse poliitiline režiim

  1. 1596-IJBCS-Article-Ibrahim Imorou Toko +

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    norber

    Using multivariate analyses, it was demonstrated that the variability of water quality in .... coastal zone (around Porto-Novo, Sô-Ava and. Cotonou .... lagoon. A T L A N T I C. O C E A N. NIGER. BURKINA-FASO. NIGERIA. TOGO ..... Figure 5: Cluster ordination (Ward's method) of whedos based on physicochemical factors,.

  2. Retraction: Hazani A, Ibrahim M, Shehata A, El-Gaaly G, Daoud M, Fouad D, Rizwana H, Moubayed N. Ecotoxicity of Ag-nanoparticles on two microalgae, Chlorella vulgaris and Dunaliella tertiolecta. Arch Biol Sci. 2013;65(4:1447-1457. DOI: 10.2298/ABS1304447H

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Editorial

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available This is a notice of retraction of the article: Ecotoxicity of Ag-nanoparticles on two microalgae, Chlorella vulgaris and Dunaliella tertiolecta, published in the Archives of Biological Sciences in 2013, Vol. 65, Issue 4. The Editor-in-Chief has been informed that this paper is a duplicate of an earlier paper: Hazani A, Ibrahim M, Arif I, Shehata A, EL-Gaaly G, Daoud M, Fouad D, Rizwana H, Moubayed N. Ecotoxicity of Ag-Nanoparticles to Microalgae. J Pure Appl Microbiol. 2013;7(Spl. Ed.: 233-241. This claim is correct and the entire paper is a verbatim copy of the earlier one. After confirmation of this fact, the Editor-in-Chief of the Archives of Biological Sciences has decided to retract the paper immediately. We apologize to the readers of the journal that it took so many years to notice this error and to retract the paper. We request readers of the journal to directly get in touch with the editorial office and the editors of the journal for similar cases in the future, so that they can be handled promptly. Link to the retracted article 10.2298/ABS1304447H

  3. Kljutsh k gazovoi trube / Josef Kats

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Kats, Josef, 1977-

    2008-01-01

    Europarlamendi saadik ja Euroopa Komisjoni energeetika komisjoni liige Andres Tarand esines Tallinna Europarlamendi Infobüroos teemal "Kas Euroopas on käimas energeetiline ja maailmas klimaatiline sõda"

  4. Put k russkim Estonii / Josef Kats

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Kats, Josef, 1977-

    2007-01-01

    Eesti Avatud Instituudi ja uuringufirma Saar Poll korraldatud ning Tallinna linna poolt tellitud uurimusest "Rahvussuhted ja integratsiooni perspektiivid Eestis", mis valmis üle-eestilise küsitluse põhjal

  5. Flag bez traurnoi lentotshki / Josef Kats

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Kats, Josef, 1977-

    2005-01-01

    Riigikogu lükkas esimesel lugemisel tagasi Isamaaliidu algatatud pühade ja tähtpäevade seaduse muutmise seaduse eelnõu, mis käsitles 1944.a. septembris tegutsenud Otto Tiefi valitsuse mälestuse jäädvustamist

  6. Moltshalivõi otkaz / Josef Kats

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Kats, Josef, 1977-

    2006-01-01

    Vene riigiduuma võttis vastu avalduse, milles süüdistab Eesti parlamenti fašismi heroiseerimises. Peaminister Andrus Ansipi hinnangul ei peaks Eesti sellele reageerima, aga jätab otsustamise parlamendile

  7. Gaz nam ne ukaz / Josef Kats

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Kats, Josef, 1977-

    2007-01-01

    Valitsuse eitavast otsusest Vene-Saksa gaasijuhtme uuringute taotlusele, välisminister Urmas Paeti kommentaaridest pressikonverentsil. Välisminister leiab, et antud olukorras oli valitsuse otsus ainuõige

  8. Monetka iz-za morja / Josef Kats

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Kats, Josef, 1977-

    2005-01-01

    Eesti Panga president Andres Lipstok ja Soome Rahapaja OY tegevdirektor Raimo Makkonen allkirjastasid 19. detsembril mündivermimise lepingu, mille kohaselt vermib Eesti euromündid Rahapaja OY. Ettevõte vermib Eestile 194 miljonit euromünti

  9. Konvert bez zarplatõ / Josef Kats

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Kats, Josef, 1977-

    2005-01-01

    Maksu- ja tolliameti initsiatiivist võitluses ümbrikupalkadega. Valitsus- ja ühiskondlike organisatsioonide ning kohalike omavalitsuste esindajate osalusel korraldati maksu- ja tolliametis ümarlaud

  10. Jazõkovõi karnaval / Josef Kats

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Kats, Josef, 1977-

    2006-01-01

    Initsiatiivgrupp "Klenski nimekiri", ühendus "Öine patrull", Konstitutsiooniline partei ja Endiste Alaealiste Fashismiohvrite Ühendus Eestis korraldasid Dimitri Klenski juhendamisel keeleinspektsiooni vastase piketi

  11. Kopija pod piratskim flagom / Josef Kats

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Kats, Josef, 1977-

    2004-01-01

    Tallinnas toimunud konverents tarkvarapiraatluse ja intellektuaalse omandi probleemidest. Rahvusvahelise tarkvarapiraatluse vastu võitlemise organisatsiooni BSA juriidiline nõustaja Kaido Uduste ja julgestuspolitsei korrakaitseosakonna juhtivinspektor Hannes Järvine tarkvarapiraatlusest

  12. Na znakomõh volnah / Josef Kats

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Kats, Josef, 1977-

    2007-01-01

    27. augustil tutvustati Šoti klubis Eesti Rahvusringhäälingu uut logo. (Autor on kunstnik Kalle Toopere ja reklaamifirma Division). Eesti venekeelse raadio Raadio 4 tulevikuplaane tutvustab raadiojaama peatoimetaja Jekaterina Zonova

  13. Monetka iz-za morja / Josef Kats

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Kats, Josef, 1977-

    2005-01-01

    Eesti Panga president Andres Lipstok ja Soome Rahapaja OY tegevdirektor Raimo Makkonen allkirjastasid 19. detsembril mündivermimise lepingu, mille kohaselt vermib Eesti euromündid Rahapaja OY. Ettevõte vermib Eestile 194 miljonit euromünti

  14. Konvert bez zarplatõ / Josef Kats

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Kats, Josef, 1977-

    2005-01-01

    Maksu- ja tolliameti initsiatiivist võitluses ümbrikupalkadega. Valitsus- ja ühiskondlike organisatsioonide ning kohalike omavalitsuste esindajate osalusel korraldati maksu- ja tolliametis ümarlaud

  15. Gaz nam ne ukaz / Josef Kats

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Kats, Josef, 1977-

    2007-01-01

    Valitsuse eitavast otsusest Vene-Saksa gaasijuhtme uuringute taotlusele, välisminister Urmas Paeti kommentaaridest pressikonverentsil. Välisminister leiab, et antud olukorras oli valitsuse otsus ainuõige

  16. Ded za vnutshek ne otvetshajet / Josef Kats

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Kats, Josef, 1977-

    2006-01-01

    Peaminister Andrus Ansipi, siseminister Kalle Laaneti ja Rahvaliidu esimehe, keskkonnaminister Villu Reiljani pressikonverentsist, mis oli seotud telesaates "Pealtnägija" esitatud materjaliga presidendilossis toimunud noorte koosviibimiste kohta

  17. Moltshalivõi otkaz / Josef Kats

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Kats, Josef, 1977-

    2006-01-01

    Vene riigiduuma võttis vastu avalduse, milles süüdistab Eesti parlamenti fašismi heroiseerimises. Peaminister Andrus Ansipi hinnangul ei peaks Eesti sellele reageerima, aga jätab otsustamise parlamendile

  18. Flag bez traurnoi lentotshki / Josef Kats

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Kats, Josef, 1977-

    2005-01-01

    Riigikogu lükkas esimesel lugemisel tagasi Isamaaliidu algatatud pühade ja tähtpäevade seaduse muutmise seaduse eelnõu, mis käsitles 1944.a. septembris tegutsenud Otto Tiefi valitsuse mälestuse jäädvustamist

  19. Kolitshestvo, perehodjashtsheje v katshestvo / Josef Kats

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Kats, Josef, 1977-

    2005-01-01

    Läti põllumajandusminister Martins Roze Baltimaade toiduainete tööstuse messist Riga Food 2005. Messi raames toimunud ümarlaua kohtumisel Eesti, Leedu ja Poola esindajatega rõhutas Läti põllumajandusminister, et koostöö uute Euroopa Liidu liikmesriikide vahel aitab kaasa regiooni siseste küsimuste lahendamisele, kui ka toime tulla toiduainete liigsest ladustamisest tekkinud trahvide probleemiga

  20. Jazõkom jevropeiskihh natsmenshinstv / Josef Kats

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Kats, Josef, 1977-

    2006-01-01

    Tallinnas toimub rahvusvaheline konverents, mis on pühendatud vähemusrahvuste haridusprobleemidele Eestis ja teistes Euroopa Liidu liikmesmaades. Haridus- ja teadusminister Mailis Repsi ja rahvastikuminister Paul-Eerik Rummo esinemisest

  1. V poiskahh kompjuternogo mira / Josef Kats

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Kats, Josef, 1977-

    2007-01-01

    Seminarist Eesti-Ameerika Kaubandus-Tööstuskojas, kus arutati küberrünnakute ja internetiterrorismi probleeme. Kaitseminister Jaak Aaviksoo sõnul puuduvad tõendid, nagu oleks kevadel Eesti vastu suunatud küberrünnakuid juhitud otse Kremlist või Venemaa riigiasutustest

  2. Ehho kompjuternoi voinõ / Josef Kats

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Kats, Josef, 1977-

    2007-01-01

    Justiitsminister Rein Lang ja peaminister Andrus Ansip on veendunud, et küberrünnakud Eesti riigi vastu aprilli lõpus ja mai alguses tulid muu hulgas ka Vene presidendi administratsiooni IP-aadressidelt

  3. Na znakomõh volnah / Josef Kats

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Kats, Josef, 1977-

    2007-01-01

    27. augustil tutvustati Šoti klubis Eesti Rahvusringhäälingu uut logo. (Autor on kunstnik Kalle Toopere ja reklaamifirma Division). Eesti venekeelse raadio Raadio 4 tulevikuplaane tutvustab raadiojaama peatoimetaja Jekaterina Zonova

  4. Jevro: ne zhdite, a gotovtess! / Josef Kats

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Kats, Josef, 1977-

    2007-01-01

    Eesti krooni taaskehtestamise 15. aastapäevale pühendatud konverentsil oli teemaks Euroopa majanduse võimalused üleilmses konkurentsis. Konverentsil esinesid teiste seas ka Euroopa Komisjoni majandus- ja rahandusvolinik Joaquin Almunia ja Euroopa Komisjoni asepresident Siim Kallas

  5. Migrations of Prophet Ibrahim (peace be upon him from the land of Iraq to expatriate land (historical study (هجرات النبي إبراهيم (عليه السلام من العراق إلى ارض المهجر (دراسة تاريخية

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Faihaa Kazem Galle AL-turfi فيحاء كاظم جالي الطرفي

    2014-08-01

    Full Text Available Formed a circle of life of the Prophet Ibrahim, a historic turning point in the march of struggle in spreading the teachings of God one Sunday in the ground and achieve justice heavenly to be applied on the face of the earth by advocating reform Send Caliph (peace be upon him in the application in his native Iraq and then withdrew toward other parts regardless of the reasons for these migrations and its aftermath, and it was the desire we have in decoding the complexity of historical novels which has embarked on the study of the causes of migrations Hebron and circumstances so and marked our reaserch with( migrations Bani Ibrahim (peace be upon him from Iraq to expatriate historical study, and we decided to walk this difficult path, which needs to be further of research and reflection, criticism and analysis of what surrounds the story of migrations Hebron described by the dreams of a Jewish Israeli came this study for stitches what is right and reject what is wrong and right up to the historical facts desired, and the difficulty in contesting such studies is that it has not relied on documents and cuneiform inscriptions making the study concentrated on survival in text news that up to some of the myths

  6. Expert System for Diagnosis of Hepatitis B Ibrahim Mailafiya, Fatima ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Department of Computer Science,. Nasarawa State University, Keffi. Abstract. This paper is a preview of the work so far concluded on Expert Systems ... computing research and the real application ... A web-based expert system for wheat.

  7. A. UBA", K. IBRAHIM", AA MAKINDE" and EB AGBO

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    2004-07-26

    Jul 26, 2004 ... Department of Pharmaceutical Microbiology and Biotechnology, National Institute of. Pharmaceutical ..... oxidation, denitrification, and aerobic metabolism by bacteria in .... Molecular Biology; The 2002 ESA Annual Meeting.

  8. 752-IJBCS-Article-Aliyu Dabaï Ibrahim

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    DR GATSING

    Production of bacterial amylase by Bacillus species isolated from rice husk dumpsites in Sokoto ... 2Department of Microbiology, Federal University of Technology, Minna-Nigeria. ... studies on the cost-effective production of ... palm, oil mill waste peanut meal, coconut oil cake, cassava flour, corn flour, steamed rice,.

  9. Using random response input in Ibrahim Time Domain

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Olsen, Peter; Brincker, R.

    2013-01-01

    of the technique being Single Input Multiple Output (SIMO). It has earlier been showed that when modifying ITD with Toeplitz matrix averaging. Identification of time data with closely spaced modes is improved. In the traditional formulation of ITD the time data has to be free decays or impulse response functions...

  10. Lähis-Ida demokraatia kevad / Saad Eddin Ibrahim

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Ibrahim, Saad Eddin

    2005-01-01

    Demokraatia arengust ja demokraatlike parteide olukorrast Lähis-Idas. Autori sõnul ei saa islamistlikke liikumisi maha suruda ainult jõuga, selle asemel tuleks kasutada poliitilisi reforme. Lisa: Vabaduse tugi

  11. THE DISCOURSE OF YOUTH AND PHILOSOPHY Ibrahim Bello ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    only made up in languages in use ("statements"; "a system of dispersion") but .... It is these "discourses" (as heterogeneous statements) that have produced .... It is not, in other words, "a mortal germ" or a seed, or a substance- all of which are ...

  12. Lähis-Ida demokraatia kevad / Saad Eddin Ibrahim

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Ibrahim, Saad Eddin

    2005-01-01

    Demokraatia arengust ja demokraatlike parteide olukorrast Lähis-Idas. Autori sõnul ei saa islamistlikke liikumisi maha suruda ainult jõuga, selle asemel tuleks kasutada poliitilisi reforme. Lisa: Vabaduse tugi

  13. "Mõ prosto ne mozhem postupat inatshe..." / Josef Kats

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Kats, Josef, 1977-

    2006-01-01

    Poola peaminister Kazimierz Marcinkiewiczi nägemus Poola osast Euroopa poliitilisel areenil, Eesti ajakirjanike kohtumisest peaministriga Eesti visiidi eel. K. Marcinkiewiczi eluloolised andmed ja poliitiline karjäär

  14. "Mõ prosto ne mozhem postupat inatshe..." / Josef Kats

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Kats, Josef, 1977-

    2006-01-01

    Poola peaminister Kazimierz Marcinkiewiczi nägemus Poola osast Euroopa poliitilisel areenil, Eesti ajakirjanike kohtumisest peaministriga Eesti visiidi eel. K. Marcinkiewiczi eluloolised andmed ja poliitiline karjäär

  15. Ponjat samogo sebja / Ze'ev Hanin ; interv. Josef Kats

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Hanin, Ze'ev

    2006-01-01

    Lääne tsivilisatsiooni katse seostada tähtsamad maailma poliitikasündmused Iisraeliga ei ole selle riigi süü ega teene, tegemist on euroopa tsivilisatsiooni sügava kriisiga - sellisel seisukohal on hiljuti Tallinna külastanud Bar-Ilani ülikooli õppejõud ja politoloog Ze'ev Hanin

  16. V Brüssel svoim hodom / Josef Kats

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Kats, Josef, 1977-

    2004-01-01

    Vene Liiga (Russkaja Liga) hakkab kaitsma Baltimaade venekeelse elanikkonna huve Euroopa Parlamendis. Läti ja Eesti venekeelsete parteide liikmete kavast minna Euroopa Parlamenti ühise nimekirjaga. EÜRP esindajate ja Läti ühenduse "Inimõiguste eest ühtses Lätis"manifestist

  17. Belorussija bez fobii / Juri Drakahrust, Pjotr Martsev ; interv. Josef Kats

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Drakahrust, Juri

    2008-01-01

    Eestisse on saabunud Valgevene ja Venemaa analüütik ning ettevõtja Juri Drakahrust ja Valgevene ärilehe Belorusskaja Gazeta väljaandja ja peatoimetaja Pjotr Martsev Avatud Eesti Fondi seminari raames. Nad räägivad Valgevene majanduse ja poliitika praegusest olukorrast, võimalikest arengutest

  18. Pojezd "Ankara - Brüssel" / Josef Kats

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Kats, Josef, 1977-

    2006-01-01

    Türgi riigiminister Ali Babacan, kes on ka Türgi ja Euroopa Liidu vaheliste liitumisläbirääkimiste Türgi delegatsiooni juht, külastas Eestit ning rääkis Türgi reformidest Euroopa Liidu kandidaatriigina

  19. Ibrahim et al., Afr J Tradit Complement Altern Med. (2013) 10(5):283 ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    AJTCAM

    ROS/antioxidants balance in favour of stress, a phenomenon called oxidative ... impressive because a number of clinically active drugs are either natural products or ...... sensitive endothelium-dependent relaxation involving NO and EDHF in ...

  20. Rol mezhdu proshlõm i budushtshim / Mart Laar ; interv. Josef Kats

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Laar, Mart, 1960-

    2006-01-01

    Parlamendisaadik ning ekspeaminister Mart Laarile meeldib kõige enam tema roll ajaloolasena, otsusest esitada oma kandidatuur peaministri kohale kevadistel parlamendivalimistel, 1940. a. sündmuste mõju Eesti arengule, venelased Eestis

  1. Paleomagnetism of Jurassic-Cretaceous basalts from the Franz Josef Land Archipelago: tectonic implications

    Science.gov (United States)

    Abashev, Victor; Mikhaltsov, Nikolay; Vernikovsky, Valery

    2015-04-01

    New paleomagnetic data were obtained from a total of 158 oriented samples collected from the Jurassic magmatic complexes exposed on the Franz Joseph Land Archipelago (FJL). The field work was conducted during 2011 field season. Present study was focused on the tholeiitic basaltic lava flows that crop out on the Hooker Island. The samples were subjected to a detailed step-wise thermal demagnetization in temperatures up to 600 deg C or alternating field demagnetization with maximum filed up to 140 mT. Natural remanent magnetization (NRM) was measured with a 2G cryogenic magnetometer or a JR-6A spin-magnetometer housed in a magnetically shielded room at the Institute of Petroleum Geology and Geophysics, Siberian Branch of Russian Academy of Sciences. The main NRM carriers in the FJL samples are titanomagnetites with varying Ti-content. Magnetic remanence was unblocked in temperatures of 350-400 deg C. Some samples are characterized by unblocking temperatures of 560 deg C. The new paleomagnetic data were combined with those previously obtained from the early Cretaceous volcanics exposed on the FJL. A new mean paleomagnetic direction for the Jurassic rocks was calculated as D=78.3 deg, I=74.7 deg, a95=3.1 deg, k=194.3, N=13. A corresponding paleomagnetic pole is now located at Plat=62.1 deg; Plon=136.5 deg, A95=5.5 deg, K=63.6. New results suggest that the JFL occupied a significantly different position from that of the present day. However, in early Cretaceous the JFL was already located close to its present day position. We propose a rifting event between the North Barentz terrane (FJL and possibly Svalbard) and the counterpart of European tectonic domain. The rifting occurred during Early-Middle Jurassic. This event was accompanied by a significant shift of the FJL to the north-east for approximately 500 km. New results are in good agreement with a hypothesis that the FJL was passing over the Icelandic-Siberian hot spot during the Jurassic-Cretaceous time. Paleolatitudes for the Hooker Island correspond to its present latitude and the paleolatitude of the Siberian trapps. The reported results are preliminary and cannot lead to any ultimate interpretation. Further investigations are needed. This and future studies are supported by the Russian Foundation for Basic Research grant 13-05-00177 and Russian Science Foundation grant 14-37-00030.

  2. [Primal psychoanalytic manuscript. 100 years "Studies of Hysteria" by Josef Breuer and Sigmund Freud].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Grubrich-Simitis, I

    1995-12-01

    In 1895 Breuer and Freud jointly published the Studies on Hysteria, a work that Grubrich-Simitis regards as the very first psychoanalytic monograph. The author begins by outlining the intellectual context in which the work took shape and the initial reception accorded to it by contemporary medical science and sexology. The main focus of the discussion centres around those aspects of the book that mark it out as a genuinely psychoanalytic work - hitherto unknown quality of seeing and hearing, a radical change in the relationship between doctor and patient, the establishment of a new form of case presentation and the development of approaches adumbrating psychoanalytic theory and technique. In conclusion the author describes the scientific cooperation between Freud and Breuer, assigning to the latter his rightful place in the history of psychoanalysis, a status frequently denied him by Freudians.

  3. Rol mezhdu proshlõm i budushtshim / Mart Laar ; interv. Josef Kats

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Laar, Mart, 1960-

    2006-01-01

    Parlamendisaadik ning ekspeaminister Mart Laarile meeldib kõige enam tema roll ajaloolasena, otsusest esitada oma kandidatuur peaministri kohale kevadistel parlamendivalimistel, 1940. a. sündmuste mõju Eesti arengule, venelased Eestis

  4. Madeira üleujutus ja tuhk lükkasid reisifirma uppi / Khaled Ibrahim ; intervjueerinud Katre Pilvinski

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Ibrahim, Khaled

    2010-01-01

    Reisifirma TopToursi juht ja omanik räägib, millest tekkisid firma raskused. Firma on alustanud investori otsimist, toimuvad läbirääkimised Šveitsi ja Itaalia rahvusvaheliste operaatorfirmadega, firmast on huvitatud ka üks Eesti erainvestor

  5. Madeira üleujutus ja tuhk lükkasid reisifirma uppi / Khaled Ibrahim ; intervjueerinud Katre Pilvinski

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Ibrahim, Khaled

    2010-01-01

    Reisifirma TopToursi juht ja omanik räägib, millest tekkisid firma raskused. Firma on alustanud investori otsimist, toimuvad läbirääkimised Šveitsi ja Itaalia rahvusvaheliste operaatorfirmadega, firmast on huvitatud ka üks Eesti erainvestor

  6. Perfil biográfico del canonista Juan Josef Alfranca y Castellote (1754-1817, rector del colegio de Bolonia

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Astorgano Abajo, Antonio

    2009-06-01

    Full Text Available Juan Jose Alfranca y Castellote (Zaragoza, 8.III.1754 – Cuevas de Cañart [Teruel], 1817 of nobleman origin, doctor in canon laws by the universities of Zaragoza and Bolonia, wassuccesfully, schoolboy and rector of Saint Clement school for Spaniards in Bolonia (1780,1788, Mayor of crime in the courthouse of Seville, listener and one of the foundersof the Royal Courthouse of Extremadura (1791, and doctoral canon and then ecclesiastical governor of the Teruel diocese during the French invasion (1812. In this essay, the stages of his vital road are highlighted, as well as the features of his personality which are characterized by his uprightness and deep law knowledge and by his reformist and well educated atitude, as he made clear in the cross-examination to the Llerena Perty (1791.Juan José Alfranca y Castellote (Zaragoza, 8.III.54 – ¿Cuevas de Cañart? [Teruel], 1817, de origen infanzón, doctor en Cánones por las universidades de Zaragoza y Bolonia, fue sucesivamente, colegial y rector del Colegio de San Clemente de Españoles de Bolonia (1780-1788, alcalde del crimen de la Audiencia de Sevilla, oidor y uno de los fundadores de la Real Audiencia de Extremadura (1791 y canónigo doctoral y gobernador eclesiástico de la diócesis de Teruel durante la ocupación francesa (1812. En el presente trabajo se ponen de relieve las etapas de su trayectoria vital, así como los rasgos de su personalidad, caracterizada por su rectitud y profundos conocimientos jurídicos, y por su actitud reformista e ilustrada, como puso de manifiesto en el Interrogatorio del Partido de Llerena (1791.

  7. Comparison of Resistance Symbols in Poems of Kaiser Aminpoor and Ayyed Hassan Hosseini with Poems of Ali Ahmad Sa'id and Jabra Ibrahim Jabra (Adonis

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Amir Haj Alizadeh

    2017-01-01

    Full Text Available The resistance poets provide exquisite images of natural phenomena, personalities, and religious, historical, mythological, epic and national events. Selection and usage of these images as symbols of resistance in the poems depict the mood of fight as well as the other concepts to the reader. By implementing a comparative study on the resistance symbols in the poems discussed in this study. This article shows that natural symbols have high frequency and the similarity of the symbols in each of four categories (natural, religious, historical, epic and other symbols are very low because of differences in ideas. Examining the content of the heavily used symbols by Arab poets suggest that they discourse to consciousness of the Arab nation. However, in the case of Iranian poets, they try to strengthen the spirit of struggle and resistance against a hostile force. The most important feature of the symbols of Arab poets is the use of self-made and private symbols to a very high extent, and this can be seen in the poets in Iran very low. Arab poets, in orientation to the West, have used in a large amount of mythological symbols outside their territory, especially Greece and Egypt that don’t appear in Iranian poets.

  8. The “Hospital Real de San Josef de los Naturales” and the rheumatic conditions found in New Spain during sixteenth century

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    C. Ramos-Remus

    2011-09-01

    Full Text Available Rheumatology has come a long way since its origins. Rheumatic conditions are some of the oldest recognized conditions in human and animal remains all around the world. They have been recognized and managed by all medical traditions, even before Hippocrates. Hippocrates wrote on gout and other ill-defined rheumatic conditions, and mentioned for the first time the existence of synovial fluid...

  9. Muusikamaailm : Luzerni festivali tipphetked. Pärdi ja Singi teosed Kokkolas. Josef Tal 90. Praemium Imperiale Henzele. Alan Hovhaness surnud / Priit Kuusk

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Kuusk, Priit, 1938-

    2000-01-01

    Luzerni muusikafestivalist Šveitsis. Kesk-Põhjamaa Kammerorkestri uue hooaja kavas oli ka Singi ja Pärdi teoseid. Lühidalt J. Tali tegevusest. H.W. Henze pälvis jaapani muusikapreemia Praemium Imperiale. Lühidalt A. Hovhanessi tegevusest

  10. Muusikamaailm : Luzerni festivali tipphetked. Pärdi ja Singi teosed Kokkolas. Josef Tal 90. Praemium Imperiale Henzele. Alan Hovhaness surnud / Priit Kuusk

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Kuusk, Priit, 1938-

    2000-01-01

    Luzerni muusikafestivalist Šveitsis. Kesk-Põhjamaa Kammerorkestri uue hooaja kavas oli ka Singi ja Pärdi teoseid. Lühidalt J. Tali tegevusest. H.W. Henze pälvis jaapani muusikapreemia Praemium Imperiale. Lühidalt A. Hovhanessi tegevusest

  11. Prolapsed ileocolic intussusception

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    All of them were treated by abdominal exploration through a right ... Correspondence to Ibrahim Ali Ibrahim, Pediatric Surgery Unit, General Surgery. Department ... A finger inserted between the prolapsed mass and the anal canal. 76 Original ...

  12. PEMETAAN POTENSI AIR-TANAH (AQUIFER BERDASARKAN INTERPRETASI DATA\tRESISTIVITAS WENNER SOUNDING (Studi kasus: Pengembangan kampus II Universitas Islam Negeri Maulana Malik Ibrahim Malang di Desa Tlekung Kecamatan Junrejo Kota Batu

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Irjan Irjan

    2012-05-01

    Full Text Available Telah dilakukan penelitian pemetaan potensi air-tanah (aquifer di daerah pengembangan kampus II UIN Maliki Malang di desa Tlekung kecamatan Junrejo wilayah kota Batu Jawa Timur. Urgensi dari penelitian ini adalah mencari sumber air-tanah dan melakukan pemetaan potensi air-tanah di bawah permukaan ke arah vertikal pada lokasi yang diduga setelah terlebih dahulu dilakukan survei permukaan. Dalam melakukan pemetaan potensi dan sebaran air-tanah di daerah survei, penulis menggunakan metode geolistrik resistivitas. Metode ini biasanya digunakan untuk menyelidiki lapisan bawah permukaan dangkal berdasarkan tingkat resistivitas batuannya dengan air-tanah yang menempati rongga-rongga dalam lapisan geologi (tanah. Survei ini dapat memetakan potensi air-tanah baik secara vertikal maupun horizontal. Survei geolistrik vertikal (sounding dimaksudkan untuk menduga ketebalan lapisan yang mengandung air-tanah atau aquifer. Sementara itu, untuk menduga persebaran air-tanah di bawah permukaan telah dilakukan  pengukuran  dibeberapa titik sounding pada daerah survei. Akuisisi data  metode geolistrik ini menggunakan sebuah alat Resistivity meter OYO Mc 2119. Secara prinsip pengukuran data dilakukan dengan cara menembakkan arus melalui elektroda arus (I dan mengamati beda potensial (  V pada setiap posisi jarak antara elektoda a, 2a, 3a, dan seterusnya. Titik sounding (titik datum pada penelitian ini berjumlah 3 (tiga buah dan terletak pada satu lintasan yang memanjang dari arah utara ke selatan. Untuk mengetahui posisi datum point, seperti   posisi lintang, bujur serta ketinggian dari permukaan laut digunakan GPS (Global Positioning System. Hasil pengukuran data-data lapangan, dengan menggunakan metode resistivitas wenner sounding mampu mendeteksi kehadiran lapisan zona aquifer serta mampu menduga lithologi batuan berdasarkan klasifikasi resistivitas sepanjang dinding sumur ke arah vertikal. Keyword:  Air-tanah  (aquifer,  metode  geolistrik resistivitas  wenner  sounding,  dugaan  potensi ketebalan dan persebaran air-tanah

  13. Prince Osman Ibrahim, Kurhan Caroline et Ali, Méhémet Ali le grand, Mémoires intimes d’une dynastie (1805-2005, Paris, Maisonneuve et Larose, 2005, 127 p.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Élisabeth Longuenesse

    2006-10-01

    Full Text Available À l’occasion du bicentenaire de l’arrivée au pouvoir de Méhémet Ali, fondateur de l’Égypte moderne et d’une dynastie qui régnera durant un siècle et demi (1805-1952, quelques-uns de ses descendants ont eu l’idée d’ouvrir les albums de famille et de publier ces images inédites, photos et gravures originales, témoins de deux siècles d’histoire. Œuvre de piété familiale, ces « mémoires intimes d’une dynastie » associent à de précieux documents iconographiques un récit très largement hagiographi...

  14. Second world renewable energy assembly (WREA) 2007; 2. Weltversammlung fuer Erneuerbare Energien (WREA) 2007

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2007-07-01

    Within the Second World Renewable Energy Assembly at 19th to 21st November, 2007, in Bonn (Federal Republic of Germany), the following lectures were held: (1) How to motivate common people, scientists, companies and policy makers for renewable energy (Volker Thomsen); (2) Renewables 2007 Global Status Report (Eric Martinot); (3) Renewable Energy in Africa (Ibrahim Togola); (4) Legislation, the great challenge for renewable energies in Latin America (Mauro Passos); (5) Building Strategic North American Alliances to Maximize the Implementation of Renewable Energy (Jose Etcheverry); (6) Renewable Energy and Sustainable Development (Shi DingHuan); (7) Renewable Energies in EU27 (Wolfgang Palz); (8) The health costs of conventional energies (Susanne Weber-Mosdorf); (9) The need for a EU-wide Moratorium on Incentives for Agrofuels and Imports of Agrofuels (Sergio Oceransky); (10) The nuclear power is no solution (Eike Schwarz); (11) Carbon Trading - a critical conversation on climate change, privatisation and power (Jutta Kil); (12) The culminating energy insecurity (Joerg Schindler); (13) 100 % Renewables Scenarios an Overview (Harry Lehmann); (14) ICLEI's Local Renewables Initiative What local governments can do to promote the generation and use of renewable energy (Monika Zimmermann); (15) 100 % Projects for cities, countries and regions - an overview (Michael Stoehr); (16) Conceptualizing RE Strategies (Heinz-Wolfgang Boehnke); (17) Negawatts and Micropower: The Coming Electrical Revolution (Amory Lovins); (18) Renewable Energies, Sustainability and World Trade - Overcoming the double standard (Doerte Fouquet); (19) Financing strategies for Renewable Energies in Latin America and The Caribbean (Pablo Rosenthal); (20) Overcoming the Double-Standards: Subsidies for Nuclear and Fossil Energy (Doug Koplow); (21) The prepossession of international institutions for energy (Hans-Josef Fell); (22) The bias of the international energy institutions: The case of IAEO

  15. Un condiscípulo español de Alexander von Humboldt en la Bergakademie de Freiberg: Josef Ricarte y su informe sobre el método de amalgamación de Born (1788

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Rebok, Sandra

    2004-12-01

    Full Text Available This article presents the work of Joseph Ricarte who stayed in Paris as a fellow and, afterwards, he went to Central Europe to study Born's amalgamation method. The work of Ricarte was specially interesting at the School of Minery in Schemnitz directed by profesor Antón Ruprecht at that time (1787. The article also refers to the instruction journeys made by Josep Ricarte and Andrés Manuel del Río to different regions of Central Europe (Hungary, Austria, Bohemia, etc... until their arriving in Freiberg, Saxony; where they studied with A. Werner and both of them were col leagues of Alexander von Humboldt. The article is supported by a dissertation of Ricarte about Ruprecht improvement of Born's method.

    Se estudia la labor de Joseph Ricarte, pensionado en París y luego en Centroeuropa, para estudiar el método de amalgamación de Born. El trabajo de Ricarte fue especialmente interesante en la Escuela de minas de Schemnitz, a cargo del profesor Antón Ruprecht, en 1787, aunque también se exponen los viajes de aprendizaje con Andrés Manuel del Río por diversas regiones centroeuropeas (Alta y baja Hungría, Austria, Bohemia,etc... hasta su llegada a Freiberg, en Sajonia, donde estudiaron con A. Werner y fueron compañeros de Alexander von Humboldt. Acompaña al artículo una disertación de Ricarte sobre las mejoras introducidas por Ruprecht al método del barón de Born.

  16. Církevní správa v josefínské době a vliv vydání tolerančního patentu na český venkov

    OpenAIRE

    2014-01-01

    The bachelor thesis which is focused on the period with the focal point in the year 1781 follows up mainly the memoirs of burghers and priests of Pelhřimov in the pre-toleration and the early toleration period enriched with the religious sources and sources of the town council. The crucial aim of this thesis is to chart the influence of the Patent of Toleration and the reaction to its issue. The first chapter deals with the space in the triangle defined with the terms: religion, state and chu...

  17. Lack of plasma kallikrein-kinin system cascade in teleosts.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Marty Kwok-Shing Wong

    Full Text Available The kallikrein-kinin system (KKS consists of two major cascades in mammals: "plasma KKS" consisting of high molecular-weight (HMW kininogen (KNG, plasma kallikrein (KLKB1, and bradykinin (BK; and "tissue KKS" consisting of low molecular-weight (LMW KNG, tissue kallikreins (KLKs, and [Lys(0]-BK. Some components of the KKS have been identified in the fishes, but systematic analyses have not been performed, thus this study aims to define the KKS components in teleosts and pave a way for future physiological and evolutionary studies. Through a combination of genomics, molecular, and biochemical methods, we showed that the entire plasma KKS cascade is absent in teleosts. Instead of two KNGs as found in mammals, a single molecular weight KNG was found in various teleosts, which is homologous to the mammalian LMW KNG. Results of molecular phylogenetic and synteny analyses indicated that the all current teleost genomes lack KLKB1, and its unique protein structure, four apple domains and one trypsin domain, could not be identified in any genome or nucleotide databases. We identified some KLK-like proteins in teleost genomes by synteny and conserved domain analyses, which could be the orthologs of tetrapod KLKs. A radioimmunoassay system was established to measure the teleost BK and we found that [Arg(0]-BK is the major circulating form instead of BK, which supports that the teleost KKS is similar to the mammalian tissue KKS. Coincidently, coelacanths are the earliest vertebrate that possess both HMW KNG and KLKB1, which implies that the plasma KKS could have evolved in the early lobe-finned fish and descended to the tetrapod lineage. The co-evolution of HMW KNG and KLKB1 in lobe-finned fish and early tetrapods may mark the emergence of the plasma KKS and a contact activation system in blood coagulation, while teleosts may have retained a single KKS cascade.

  18. Stiilsed, ajaloolised ning tervisesõbralikud tapeedid

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    2006-01-01

    Tallinnas Scandinavia tapeedisalongis pakutavatest ajaloolistest tapeetidest. Rootsi tootja Borastapestri tapeedikollektsioon Anno 1905 sisaldab ajaloolisi mustreid läbi kolme sajandi, mitu tapeeti on loonud disainer Josef Frank

  19. Svalilsja, no ne provalilsja / Jevgenija Garanzha

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Garanža, Jevgenija, 1979-

    2005-01-01

    Peaminister Juhan Parts viis presidendile valitsuse tagasiastumisavalduse. Res Publica ei pea ennast koalitsiooni lagunemise põhjustajaks. Vt. samas Josef Katsi art. Riigikogu esimehe ja juhatuse valimistest

  20. 75 FR 33661 - Commercial Driver's License (CDL) Standards; Rotel North American Tours, LLC; Application for...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-06-14

    ... Stockinger Wilhelm Fuchs Josef Vogl ] Peter Hess Klaus Weber Michael Huber Markus W lfl Gerhard Kinateder Norbert Zechmesiter Hermann Lichtenauer Klaus Endres Franz Manzinger Sebastian Nicki Fabian Maurer...

  1. Partnering With Nigeria for a Stable Future: The Importance of a Persistent Presence

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-06-01

    the Islamic Movement in Nigeria (IMN), founded by Malam Ibrahim al-Zakzaky, receives support from Iran. These Nigerian organizations utilize this...46 Although most Nigerian Muslims are not Shiites, the IMN is predominantly a Shiite organization. Malam Ibrahim al-Zakzaky, the founder of the IMN

  2. Reaching Our Successors: Millennial Generation Medical Students ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Dr. Abdulrasheed Ibrahim,. Department of ... the perceived quality of life as a plastic surgeon and the ability of plastic surgeons to ... Ibrahim and Asuku: Generation Y medical students and plastic surgery as a career choice. 13. Nigerian .... Competition for obtaining a residency position affects my choice of specialty. 49 (45).

  3. Total Force Training: A Study of Company-Level Commanders’ Training in Armored Cavalry Regiments in the Army National Guard.

    Science.gov (United States)

    1985-06-07

    cc4rPe-7nsate for th e rnw Shrte-rr gcst-,7cbil1zation training tirrn-. The ircreased ’~Intensity of interest" In the readiness of1 thea kNG hivs causeLd... suplemental missions. %- . A 4 -’. -’.- - _ ~ .’ v .,., I The missions listed In Chart 3 are the standard tactical missions (less the supplemental

  4. Abstracts

    National Research Council Canada - National Science Library

    2016-01-01

    ... , Abduljaleel Al Alwan 1,2 , Abeer Ibrahim 4 , Hadi Kuriry 3 , Ali Albenmousa 6 1 Department of Hepatobiliary Sciences, Division of Hepatology, King Abdulaziz Medical City, National Guard Health Affairs, 2...

  5. 73 Ethiopian Journal of Environmental Studies & Management 7(1 ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Osondu

    2013-10-31

    Oct 31, 2013 ... sponsored and owned by Dangote Industries. Limited (DIL), a leading producer ... cement industry was commenced by the Kogi ... inhabited by Bassa kwomu people, Oyo Iwa,. Nyamaku ..... Hotel Abuja, July, 2003. Ibrahim, M.

  6. Leadership and Ethno-Religious Crises: Implications for National ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Nneka Umera-Okeke

    The country's leadership mirrors corruption and monumental fraud. For instance, the M.O. Ibrahim Index of African Governance in 2011 ranked Nigeria .... threat to Nigerians corporate existence and its desire to engender national integration.

  7. 1089-IJBCS-Article-Dr I B Oluwalana

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    DR GATSING

    packaging and reduces post harvest losses for a considerable period of ... Dipersio et al. (2004) reported that if the temperature of drying is ... Duncan's multiple-range test (DMRT) was used to ..... Medicine, National Academies, USA. Ibrahim T ...

  8. Genetic diversity for nutritional traits in the leaves of baobab ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    User

    traits such as carbohydrate, crude protein, fat, moisture content, fiber and ash. ... for food security and that the tree is cherished and even worshipped. The tree ... oils, tannin and medicaments (Ibrahim and Otegbeye,. 2004). ..... Conservation.

  9. Top Toursi kohal rippus juba mõnda aega kahtluse vari / Gert D. Hankewitz ; Sirje Niitra

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Hankewitz, Gert D.

    2010-01-01

    Reisibüroo Top Tours omanik Ibrahim Khaled nimetab oma firma makseraskuste põhjuseks Euroopa lennunduses kaose tekitanud Islandi tuhapilve, turismifirmade liidul oli juba ammu kahtlus, et Top Tours ei ole jätkusuutlik

  10. В отношении Top Tours подозрения были и раньше / Герт Д. Ханкевич , Сирье Нийтра

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Ханкевиц, Герт Д.

    2010-01-01

    Reisibüroo Top Tours omanik Ibrahim Khaled nimetab oma firma makseraskuste põhjuseks Euroopa lennunduses kaose tekitanud Islandi tuhapilve, turismifirmade liidul oli juba ammu kahtlus, et Top Tours ei ole jätkusuutlik

  11. PATTERNS OF SEVEN AND COMPLICATED MALARIA IN CHILDREN

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    GB

    OUTCOME OF TEENAGE PREGNANCY IN THE NIGER DELTA. OF NIGERIA. Ibrahim Isa Ayuba ... KEYWORDS: Teenage pregnancy, risk factors, outcome. INTRODUCTION ..... of a WHO meeting in Mexico City, 28th-. April-2nd May, 1981. 2.

  12. Plaadid / Immo Mihkelson

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Mihkelson, Immo, 1959-

    2003-01-01

    Uutest plaatidest "Chicago", "1 Love", Therese "Acapulco", Soriba Kouyate "Live in Montreux", Jimi Hendrix "Blue Wild Angel", Asian Dub Foundation "Enemy Of The Enemy", Abdullah Ibrahim "African Magic", Kelly Osbourne "Shut Up"

  13. Geophysical study of saline water intrusion in Lagos municipality

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    aghomotsegin

    3Department of Physics, Adeyemi College of Education, Ondo, Ondo State, Nigeria. Accepted 14 .... forms a multi-aquifer system consisting of three aquifer horizons ... classifications of Zohdy and Martin (1993) and modified by Ibrahim.

  14. Birma hunta jätkab repressioone / Igor Taro

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Taro, Igor

    2007-01-01

    Amnesty International teatas, et Birma diktaatorlikud võimud jätkavad teisitimõtlejate vahistamist, samal ajal teeb ÜRO saadik Ibrahim Gambari huntale poliitilise surve avaldamiseks ringsõitu Kagu-Aasias. Lisa: Rahutu riik Birma

  15. Vaikne Ö taaselustus

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    2008-01-01

    15. augustil sai Võsu rannaklubis muuhulgas vaadata filmi "Nukitsamees" ja kuulata Rakvere linnanoorte teatritrupi noori lugemas Eric-Emmanuel Schmitt'i raamatut "Härra Ibrahim ja Koraani õied". Ürituse eestvedaja on Kaire Leemet

  16. Piinatud birmalased ootavad ÜRO seni jõuetut abikätt / Karin Dean

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Dean, Karin

    2007-01-01

    Buda munkade eestvedmisel toimunud massimeeleavalduste mahasurumisest Birmas. ÜRO erisaadiku Ibrahim Gambari kohtumisest nii Birma kindralite kui ka opositsiooniliidri Aung San Suu Kyiga oodatakse tulemusi ja sanktsioone Lisa: Sõjaväe haardes riik

  17. Kurdi illegaal üritas pagasiruumis pageda / Rasmus Kagge

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Kagge, Rasmus, 1977-

    2004-01-01

    Ilmunud ka: Infopress, 28. mai, nr. 22, 2004, lk. 32. Kurdi illegaal Karwan Jamal Ibrahim tabati kiirlaeva Autoexpress autotekilt Mercedese pagasiruumist. Vt. samas intervjuud Tallinna reisisadama piiripunkti ülema Raivo Männikuga

  18. Case report

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    ebutamanya

    2015-12-21

    Dec 21, 2015 ... Tracheal intubation using Macintosh blade is the technique of choice for the liberation of .... reassure air traffics, tracheal intubation using direct laryngoscopy ... Study conception and design: Traoré Ibrahim Alain, Barro Sié.

  19. optimization of crystal violet dye removal from aqueous solution ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    maje malamiyo

    ... Atika M. Ibrahim. Department of Pure and Industrial Chemistry, Bayero University, P. M. B. 3011, Kano, Nigeria ... dyes (Crini, 2006). Dyes are basically chemical compounds that ..... American-Eurasian J. ... Institute of Chemical Engineers.

  20. directives as contained in the Qur'anic phraseًﻼﯿِ ﺒَﺳ ِﮫْﯿَﻟِ إ َعﺎَﻄَﺘْﺳا ِ ﻦَ ﻣ

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    mr tomir

    political jamboree, tourist attraction and international trade fair centre, whereby each State and ..... misconceptions of Islam among the Nigerian Muslims, remarks that: There are .... Culture in an African Society: A Critical Analysis of Ibrahim.

  1. 2013 information manager.2013 finalx

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    USER

    Standards and Technology, 2011). It is therefore ... organization or company is vulnerable to all types of risk. However .... Ibrahim Library in recent times had discontinued the system/practice of .... automotive sprinkler systems. Other are.

  2. Piinatud birmalased ootavad ÜRO seni jõuetut abikätt / Karin Dean

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Dean, Karin

    2007-01-01

    Buda munkade eestvedmisel toimunud massimeeleavalduste mahasurumisest Birmas. ÜRO erisaadiku Ibrahim Gambari kohtumisest nii Birma kindralite kui ka opositsiooniliidri Aung San Suu Kyiga oodatakse tulemusi ja sanktsioone Lisa: Sõjaväe haardes riik

  3. В отношении Top Tours подозрения были и раньше / Герт Д. Ханкевич , Сирье Нийтра

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Ханкевиц, Герт Д.

    2010-01-01

    Reisibüroo Top Tours omanik Ibrahim Khaled nimetab oma firma makseraskuste põhjuseks Euroopa lennunduses kaose tekitanud Islandi tuhapilve, turismifirmade liidul oli juba ammu kahtlus, et Top Tours ei ole jätkusuutlik

  4. Birma hunta jätkab repressioone / Igor Taro

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Taro, Igor

    2007-01-01

    Amnesty International teatas, et Birma diktaatorlikud võimud jätkavad teisitimõtlejate vahistamist, samal ajal teeb ÜRO saadik Ibrahim Gambari huntale poliitilise surve avaldamiseks ringsõitu Kagu-Aasias. Lisa: Rahutu riik Birma

  5. Kurdi illegaal üritas pagasiruumis pageda / Rasmus Kagge

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Kagge, Rasmus, 1977-

    2004-01-01

    Ilmunud ka: Infopress, 28. mai, nr. 22, 2004, lk. 32. Kurdi illegaal Karwan Jamal Ibrahim tabati kiirlaeva Autoexpress autotekilt Mercedese pagasiruumist. Vt. samas intervjuud Tallinna reisisadama piiripunkti ülema Raivo Männikuga

  6. Top Toursi kohal rippus juba mõnda aega kahtluse vari / Gert D. Hankewitz ; Sirje Niitra

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Hankewitz, Gert D.

    2010-01-01

    Reisibüroo Top Tours omanik Ibrahim Khaled nimetab oma firma makseraskuste põhjuseks Euroopa lennunduses kaose tekitanud Islandi tuhapilve, turismifirmade liidul oli juba ammu kahtlus, et Top Tours ei ole jätkusuutlik

  7. Browse Title Index

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    M Aghazadeh, S Sari, M Nahaie, SSR Hashemi, S Mehri ... Ahmed Bahri, Mohamed Salih Mahfouz, Nasser Mohammed Marran, Yahya Hadi Dighriri, Hatem ... Hussein Ageely, Ibrahim Bani, Abdelrahim Gaffar, Magdeldin Eltigani, Abu Obaida ...

  8. African Journal of Biotechnology - Vol 11, No 45 (2012)

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Sadia Tehrim, Zahida Hassan Pervaiz, M. Ashiq Rabbani, 10297-10304 ... S Shatoor, Hussein F Sakr, Nasser Al –Daghri, Mohammad Khalil, Mahmoud Alkhateeb ... Abdul-Rahman, Tengku-Ibrahim Tengku-Azmi, Bande Faruku, Assumaidaee ...

  9. Vaikne Ö taaselustus

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    2008-01-01

    15. augustil sai Võsu rannaklubis muuhulgas vaadata filmi "Nukitsamees" ja kuulata Rakvere linnanoorte teatritrupi noori lugemas Eric-Emmanuel Schmitt'i raamatut "Härra Ibrahim ja Koraani õied". Ürituse eestvedaja on Kaire Leemet

  10. Plaadid / Immo Mihkelson

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Mihkelson, Immo, 1959-

    2003-01-01

    Uutest plaatidest "Chicago", "1 Love", Therese "Acapulco", Soriba Kouyate "Live in Montreux", Jimi Hendrix "Blue Wild Angel", Asian Dub Foundation "Enemy Of The Enemy", Abdullah Ibrahim "African Magic", Kelly Osbourne "Shut Up"

  11. J. Appl. Sci. Environ. Mgt. 2005

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    A study in Malaysia (Ibrahim et al., 1995) reported that ethanolic extract .... Test Organisms -Petroteu Ethanolic Methanolic Control t_ in ether extract ... (PTLC) on Media Plates. Test Organisms .... Infection Control Association. 3:1~4. Collins ...

  12. AJNT volume 5 issue 3 [Sep 2012].indd

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Cholesterol Education Program Adult Treatment Panel. III (NCEP-ATP III) criteria and ... Prevalence of the Metabolic Syndrome in Renal Transplant Recipients. Ibrahim M. ... combination therapy with cyclosporine or tacrolimus, azathioprine or ...

  13. Person Deixis as Discursive Practice in Nigeria's “June 12” Conflict ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    ADEYEMI ADEGOJU

    participants as well as their perceptions of the interactive goals of the speech ... governance, President Ibrahim Babangida, Nigeria's military ruler between 27th .... towards the achievement of a goal through an appeal to some corporate ideals ...

  14. 致方形的礼赞——约瑟夫·艾尔伯斯装饰语言的三个阶段%Homage to the Square: The Three Stages of Decorative Language in Josef Albers' Works

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    刘小路

    2012-01-01

    本文总结了艾尔伯斯在三个不同阶段的装饰艺术语言及其形成的背景,并结合其作品进行了具体分析。指出艾尔伯斯通过对方形网格形式与色彩的探索,从包豪斯时期的材料与形式的统一,走向了后期将形与色的和谐统一,并通过色块的外在布局与组合关系,表达出了一种全新的装饰艺术语言。

  15. Charla sobre el proceso de la democratizaci(o)n ofrecida por el Prof.Josef Thesing,ex-secretario general de La Fundaci(o)n Konrad Adenauer%德国阿登纳基金会前秘书长约瑟夫·特兴教授谈拉美民主化进程

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    方旭飞

    2004-01-01

    2004年9月28日下午,德国阿登纳基金会前秘书长约瑟夫·特兴教授在该基金会驻京代表荣敏德先生的陪同下,到中国社会科学院拉丁美洲研究所做了题为“拉美民主化进程”的报告。出席报告会的有来自中国外交部拉美司、中国现代国际关系研究院和社科院拉美所等单位的40多位专家学者。社科院拉美所所长郑秉文研究员致欢迎词。

  16. Жено: мы должны принимать наше прошлое / Георг Жено ; интервьировала Ксения Репсон

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Жено, Георг

    2010-01-01

    Saksa näitleja ja lavastaja Georg Zheno, Moskvas tegutseva Josef Boyzi nim. Teatri juht, tutvustab lavastust "Pavlik - minu Jumal" ja oma teatrit. (Teatrifestival Kuldne Mask Eestis. Näidendi autor Nina Belenitskaja, lavastaja Jevgeni Grigorjev)

  17. Kusagil struktuurides on kallutatud jõud / Lasse Lehis

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Lehis, Lasse, 1972-

    2010-01-01

    Kõrgete riigiametnike ja poliitikute kohtuasjadest: kauaaegse Baieri peaministri Franz-Josef Straußi tütre Monika Hohlmeieri juhtumist, Prantsusmaa endise peaministri, linnapea ja europarlamendi liikme Alain Juppé kohtulahendist ja Itaalia peaministri Silvio Berlusconi kohtuasjadest

  18. Viini valss, Salzburgi oktett ja idamaine soolo / Jüri Hain

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Hain, Jüri, 1941-

    2005-01-01

    Austria kunstnike näitused Eesti Rahvusraamatukogus: "Vaade Viini linnale. Topograafiline tajumus", "Salzburgi kunstimaastikud" (kuraator Peter Rieder), "Dieter Josef. Litograafia kui sõnum". Avatud kuni 4. XII

  19. Seduction or Truth in Music?

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Petersen, Nils Holger

    2008-01-01

    Diskuterer en historisk forståelse af Mozarts og Da Pontes opera i forhold til Kierkegaards litterære reception i Enten-Eller. Operaen sættes dels ind i en politisk-historisk kontekst under Josef II regering med vægt på Josefs beskæring i 1785 af tidligere reformer, og dels diskuteres operaen i...

  20. Validation of a numerical simulation to study the decoherence of quantum OAM entanglement due to atmospheric turbulence

    CSIR Research Space (South Africa)

    Hamadou Ibrahim, A

    2011-07-01

    Full Text Available stream_source_info Hamadou Ibrahim_2011.pdf.txt stream_content_type text/plain stream_size 1676 Content-Encoding ISO-8859-1 stream_name Hamadou Ibrahim_2011.pdf.txt Content-Type text/plain; charset=ISO-8859-1 Why.... Evolution equation for quantum entanglement. Nature Phys., 4(4):99, 2008. C [(I ? $)|????|] = C [(I ? $)|????|]C (|??), |?? = (1/2)1/2 (|1?A| ? 1?B + | ? 1?A|1?B) . . . Initial state: |?AB? = (w)1/2|1?A| ? 1?B + (1? w)1/2| ? 1?A|1?B , |?outAB ? = (1...

  1. El uso del color. Variaciones en los tejidos de Anni Albers

    OpenAIRE

    Toral, Ana

    2016-01-01

    [EN] The concept of ‘variation’ described by Josef Albers for the development of his educational methodology and extended in his reference work Interaction of color, shows a ligature to the construction process of Anni Albers’ textile reticle. It is a rigid support where it turns out physically impossible to mix colours. It is for this reason that Anni Albers research on weaving color is realized from highly stimulant resources [ES] El concepto de ‘variación’ descrito por Josef Albers para...

  2. Observing the Loss of Situational Awareness and Tacit Knowledge during Personnel Change-Over in a U.S. Coast Guard Command and Control Environment

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-09-01

    tacitk.pdf Horvath, J. A., Sternberg, R. J., Forsythe, G. B., Sweeney, P. J., Bullis , R. C., Williams, W. M., … et al. (1996). Tacit Knowledge in...Universiti Putra Malaysia ) Retrieved from http://www.kmtalk.net/IbrahimLevittRamsey%5B1%5D.pdf Johnson, B., Lorenz, E., & Lundvall, B.-A. (2002). Why all

  3. ETS-1 oncoprotein expression is decreased in aggressive papillary ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    E.A. Ibrahim

    2016-10-19

    Oct 19, 2016 ... of the urinary bladder: An immunohistochemical study. E.A. Ibrahim. ∗ ... The value of ETS-1 in papillary transitional cell carcinoma of the urinary bladder. 121 ... Organization 2004 system [14] and staged into: stages 0 and I (early bladder ... according to the percentage of cells with positive nuclear staining;.

  4. Browse Title Index

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Items 1 - 50 of 163 ... Vol 8, No 1 (2014), Lipid Profile and Insulin Resistance in Pregnant ... SB Manga, IG Ameh, S Bashir, AG Muazu, B Danjuma, ML Ibrahim, ... end-stage renal disease in Nigeria: a call for a change in paradigm, Abstract PDF.

  5. The Examining of Prospective Teachers? Views about Renewable and Non-Renewable Energy Sources: A Case Study of Turkey

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hasiloglu, Mehmet Akif

    2014-01-01

    The aim of this study is to determine prospective teachers? views about renewable and non-renewable energy sources. To collect data, a questionnaire with 5 open-ended questions was conveyed to 463 prospective teachers selected from Agri Ibrahim Cecen University. The results showed that almost three fourths of the prospective teachers tend to…

  6. PEOPLE & POINTS

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2006-01-01

    Prime Minister Under Siege Iraq's interim Prime Minister Ibrahim Jafari has guaranteed himself the premiership in the first formal government of post-Saddam Iraq after winning his bloc's nomination by a one-vote margin on February 12. Leaders of the Shiite-backed United Iraqi Alliance had hoped to resolve the contest between Jafari and

  7. Pyrgeometer Calibration for DOE-Atmospheric System Research Program Using NREL Method (Presentation)

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Reda, I.; Stoffel, T.

    2010-03-15

    Presented at the DOE-Atmospheric System Research Program, Science Team Meeting, 15-19 March 2010, Bethesda, Maryland. The presentation: Pyrgeometer Calibration for DOE-Atmospheric System Research program using NREL Method - was presented by Ibrahim Reda and Tom Stoffel on March 15, 2010 at the 2010 ASR Science Team Meeting. March 15-19, 2010, Bethesda, Maryland.

  8. 27 JESUS' SERVANT-SHEPHERD LEADERSHIP FRAMEWORK AS ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    HP

    This study recommends the ‗servant-shepherd leadership model', built from a .... have been struggling with challenges of increasing complexity to achieve this ..... 10 M. Adamu, M.Y. Hamidu, and A.L. Ibrahim ―Women Education as Impetus.

  9. BOKO HARAM IN NORTHERN NIGERIA: A MAUDUDIAN LEGACY ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Dean SPGS NAU

    Falola suggests that resource mobilization is behind the adoption of indirect rule by ... ethnicity, poverty, illiteracy, media or politics (Ibrahim 1987, 68-69, ... is the nature and mode of Shari'a implementation that is the issue. (2003 .... For example, 110 out of ... Syria, Iraq, Indonesia, Malaysia, Sri Lanka, Bangladesh, Nigeria,.

  10. to Pluralist Politics, 1982-1992

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    examines the causes of urban violence and its impact on démocratisation in ... governance also calls for an analysis of the occurrence of violence during the ... exercise of power (Ibrahim 1997157). In Kenya, the ..... It is resistance to SAP, not SAP itself, that breeds democratic forces. SAP can be ..... view the body of Ouko.

  11. Download this PDF file

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Owner

    notable lineages and chiefdoms through migration and conquest. Moreover ... of Nguja, God is with us ... Ibrahim, were eventually deported to Guinea. ... disregarded the supremacy of Angoche, but also became its major rival in the slave trade. For that reason, Mussa Quanto and his heir, Sultan Usseni Ibrahimo attacked.

  12. Acetylcholinesterase of the Sand Fly, Phlebotomus papatasi (Scopoli): Construction, Expression and Biochemical Properties of the G119S Orthologous Mutant

    Science.gov (United States)

    2014-12-10

    permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly credited. The Creative Commons Public...acetylcholinesterase. Bull Entomol Res 2005, 95:371–380. 24. Hassan MM, Widaa SO, Osman OM, Numiary MSM, Ibrahim MA, Abushama HM: Insecticide resistance in the

  13. The Examining of Prospective Teachers? Views about Renewable and Non-Renewable Energy Sources: A Case Study of Turkey

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hasiloglu, Mehmet Akif

    2014-01-01

    The aim of this study is to determine prospective teachers? views about renewable and non-renewable energy sources. To collect data, a questionnaire with 5 open-ended questions was conveyed to 463 prospective teachers selected from Agri Ibrahim Cecen University. The results showed that almost three fourths of the prospective teachers tend to…

  14. Customary Arbitration in the Nigerian Jurispr

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    1 Wali v. Ibrahim (1997) 9 Nigerian Weekly Law Report (hereafter referred to as NWLR). [Part 519] p. 160 at ...... It ought also to be noted that the cardinal distinguishing factor of arbi- tration from other .... Leiden: E.J. Brill. Igbokwe, V.C. 1997.

  15. Tunnel Vision or Kaleidoscope Competing Concepts on Sudan ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    the context of Sudan (and Africa in general), concepts of integration and unity are .... a different perspective of Sudan identity and national integration. ...... Sudan, Institute of African and Asian Studies, University of Khartoum, Sudan, 69-101. Ibrahim, A.A. 1985. Regional Inequality and Underdevelopment in Western Sudan.

  16. Dangarembizi et al., Afr J Tradit Complement Altern Med. (2013) 10 ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    AJTCAM

    Plant-based remedies have proved to be useful in the treatment and management of .... stomach conditions in animals (Nwude and Ibrahim, 1980). ...... Pakistan. J. Nutr., 5: 548-550. 75. Tegegne, E.D., (2008). Importance of Ficus thonningii ...

  17. Expeditions and other fieldwork

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    NN,

    1997-01-01

    Malay Peninsula — On April 5, 1979, Mr. N. Klazenga (L), together with Mr. Z. Ibrahim (KLU), made 21 mass collections of mosses (especially of Dicranoloma) in the Genting Highlands. The first set will be deposited in KLU, the remainder will be distributed from L. Lesser Sunda Islands — Timor A botan

  18. Miljardär premeerib äraostmatuid / Allan Espenberg

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Espenberg, Allan

    2009-01-01

    Sudaani päritolu ärimees Mo Ibrahim pani välja auhinna Aafrika riigijuhile, kes suudab valitseda demokraatlikult ja võidelda korruptsiooniga, kaks korda on seda välja antud, kuid sel aastal ei leitud ühtegi väärilist kandidaati

  19. Mõttevabaduse edendajad jagavad omavahel 50 000 eurot / Priit Pullerits

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Pullerits, Priit, 1965-

    2005-01-01

    50 000 euro suurune Sahharovi mõttevabaduse auhind läheb tänavu jagamisele kolme võitja vahel: preemia jagavad omavahel julmade islamiseaduste vastu sõdiv Nigeeria naisjurist Hauwa Ibrahim, meediavabaduse eest võitlev rahvusvaheline ühendus Piirideta Ajakirjanikud ja Kuuba dissidentide naissoost sugulased. Lisa: Laureaadid

  20. Egyptian Journal of Biology - Vol 3, No 2 (2001)

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    ... in male rabbits. Esam B Soliman, Wafaa M Zahran, Hanan A El-Bakry ... Hamed El-Serehy, Sawsan Aboul-Ezz, Amein Samaan, Nasser Saber ... Upper Egypt. Nageiba I Shoker, Nagi S Tawfek, Mohamed H Ibrahim, Eman S Osman ...

  1. Evaluating the need for transurethral bladder biopsy at first follow up ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    bladder cancer of both genders presenting to both Nasser Institute and the urology .... [8] Bastacky S, Ibrahim S, Wilczynski SP, Murphy WM. The accuracy ... [12] Hara T, Takahashi M, Gondo T, Nagao K, Ohmi C, Sakano S, et al. Discrepancies ...

  2. Miljardär premeerib äraostmatuid / Allan Espenberg

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Espenberg, Allan

    2009-01-01

    Sudaani päritolu ärimees Mo Ibrahim pani välja auhinna Aafrika riigijuhile, kes suudab valitseda demokraatlikult ja võidelda korruptsiooniga, kaks korda on seda välja antud, kuid sel aastal ei leitud ühtegi väärilist kandidaati

  3. International Journal of Tropical Agriculture and Food Systems - Vol ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    A Nura, A Ibrahim, I Mohammed, U Haruna ... M Tarfa, F Ka'Anami ... S Okorondu, L Aririatu, M Okorondu ... profile of wheat (Triticum aestivum-Nasser) · EMAIL FULL TEXT EMAIL FULL TEXT ... M Abdulsalami, M Ladan, M Abubakar, T Adamu.

  4. Mõttevabaduse edendajad jagavad omavahel 50 000 eurot / Priit Pullerits

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Pullerits, Priit, 1965-

    2005-01-01

    50 000 euro suurune Sahharovi mõttevabaduse auhind läheb tänavu jagamisele kolme võitja vahel: preemia jagavad omavahel julmade islamiseaduste vastu sõdiv Nigeeria naisjurist Hauwa Ibrahim, meediavabaduse eest võitlev rahvusvaheline ühendus Piirideta Ajakirjanikud ja Kuuba dissidentide naissoost sugulased. Lisa: Laureaadid

  5. Survival of Newcastle disease virus (NDV) strain V4- UPM coated on ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    STORAGESEVER

    2008-08-04

    Aug 4, 2008 ... (Ibrahim et al., 1981). Subsequent trials with ... boiled barley or untreated sorghum (Nasser et al., 1998), in Ghana with wheat .... m. (titre. ) Figure 2. Comparison of infectivity titres of V4-UPM on millet offal. (MTOF) with, and ...

  6. Browse Title Index

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Items 51 - 100 of 286 ... A S Fagam, U M Buba, J M Ibrahim. Vol 5, No 3 ... F Iheukwumere, E Ndubuisi, E Mazi, M Iheonunekwu ... Vol 2, No 3-4 (2008), Effect of processing on the amino acid profile of wheat (Triticum aestivum-Nasser), Abstract. M ...

  7. Browse Title Index

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Items 151 - 179 of 179 ... M Shafik, MS Shoman, I Emara, H Elmonem, H Mohamed saad. Vol 31, No 2 ... W S Zaki, S S Lasheen, A R Basheer, H E Nasser, F M Tash, M F El-Asmar. Vol 32 ... MA Mahmoud, GH Ibrahim, MS Fawzy, HA Atwa. Vol 26 ...

  8. 2566-IJBCS-Article-Zakari Abdoul Habou

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    hp

    Zakari ABDOUL HABOU1*, Mahamadou CHAIBOU IBRAHIM 1 et Toudou ADAM 2 ... dépasse pas 10 000 francs CFA (soit 15,25 €) alors que quatre mois plus ... in terms of bulbs number rotted or pre-germinated for each one of fertilizer level.

  9. Role of Macrophage-induced Inflammation in Mesothelioma

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-07-01

    Indiana University, Herman B. Wells Center for Pediatric Research and Clinical Cancer Center, Indianapolis IN, USA 2004 Immunology Graduate Program...Cancer Center Research Building Annual Retreat 2001 Member, ‘Star Performance Award’ selection committee 2001 Presentation, Evelyn Herman Reception... Hess KR, Anderson K, Symmans WF, Valero V, Ibrahim N, Mejia JA, et al. Pharmacogenomic predictor of sensitivity to preoperative chemotherapy with

  10. Class Teacher Candidates' Opinions on Genetically Modified Organisms (GMO)

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ural Keles, Pinar; Aydin, Suleyman

    2017-01-01

    This study was conducted to determine the Class teacher candidates' opinions on Genetically Modified Organisms. The study was carried out with 101 teacher candidates who were studying in the 3rd grade of Agri Ibrahim Çeçen University Classroom Teacher Department in 2016-2017 academic year. Of the students who participated in the survey, 56 were…

  11. 77 FR 20585 - Proposed Withdrawal of Certain Federal Water Quality Criteria Applicable to California, New...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-04-05

    ... site is an ``anonymous access'' system, which means EPA will not know your identity or contact... administrative concerns, contact Bryan ``Ibrahim'' Goodwin, U.S. EPA Headquarters, Office of Science and... (Consultation and Coordination With Indian Tribal Governments) G. Executive Order 13045 (Protection of Children...

  12. Towards a Multidimensional Measure of Governance

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mitra, Shabana

    2013-01-01

    This paper proposes a new index of governance based on the Alkire-Foster methodology and compares it with the Mo Ibrahim Index of African Governance. The proposed new index improves on existing measures of governance in two ways. First, it is able to incorporate both cardinal and ordinal variables without having to assign cardinal meaning to…

  13. Daily Report, Supplement, East Europe.

    Science.gov (United States)

    1993-07-28

    privatization law as a basis for transformation. In the opinion of director Bukowski , those firms qualify for sale in large transactions or even to...Article by Josef Kotrba, Charles University, Prague: "Czech-Slovak Differences Are Growing"] [Text] Data on economic developments in the Slovak

  14. Aegumatu Rootsi klaas ja tundmatute disainerite kummalised ideed / Anna-Liisa Soomann

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Soomann, Anna-Liisa

    2007-01-01

    Göteborgi disainipoodidest ja tuntud disaineritest nagu Josef Frank (1885-1967), Carl Malmsten (1888-1972), Bruno Mathsson (1907-1988), Jonas Bohlin (1953), Marten Claesson (1970), Eero Koivisto (1958), Ola Rune (1963), Pia Wallen (1957), Thomas Sandell (1959) ja Pia Törnell (1963)

  15. The Anti-Tobacco Movement of Nazi Germany: A Historiographical Re-Examination

    Science.gov (United States)

    Aboul-Enein, Basil

    2012-01-01

    Introduction: The infamy of Nazi medical research conjures up images of horrific experiments in the concentration camps and SS (Schutzstaffel) doctors like Josef Mengele. However, the anti-smoking campaign of Nazi Germany is perhaps one of the least examined aspects of public health history and state sponsored anti-tobacco advocacy. Nazi public…

  16. Joining Forces: Preparing to Fight Coalition Air War

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-06-01

    the UK leaders met at Casablanca, Morocco , to determine the Western Allies’ next actions. Although not in attendance, Josef Stalin had implored...was the loss of 23 aircraft and the severe damaging of 37 others due to friendly fire from offshore ships during paratrooper drops on the eve of

  17. [Glanz und Elend - Mythos und Wirklichkeit der Herrenhäuser im Baltikum] / Karsten Brüggemann

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Brüggemann, Karsten, 1965-

    2014-01-01

    Arvustus: Glanz und Elend - Mythos und Wirklichkeit der Herrenhäuser im Baltikum. Hrsg. von Ilse von zur Mühlen im Auftrag der Carl-Schirren-Gesellschaft e.V. und des Ostpreußischen Landesmuseums Lüneburg. Kunstverlag Josef Fink. Lindenberg im Allgäu 2012

  18. Thomas Mann som bibelfortolker

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Nielsen, Kirsten

    2007-01-01

    Artiklen beskæftiger sig med Thomas Manns reception og transformation af den gammeltestamentlige fortælling om Josef og hans brødre. Særlig interesse samler sig om de gudsbilleder, værket indeholder, herunder relationen til Satan. Det karakteristiske ved Manns gudsbillede er, at Gud ikke er tydelig...

  19. Improving Statistical Machine Translation Through N-best List Re-ranking and Optimization

    Science.gov (United States)

    2014-03-27

    Language Processing, 1352–1362. Association for Computational Linguistics, Edinburgh, Scotland , UK., July 2011. URL http://www.aclweb.org/anthology/D11-1125...Josef. “Minimum Error Rate Training in Statistical Machine Translation”. Erhard Hinrichs and Dan Roth (editors), Proceedings of the 41st Annual Meeting of

  20. Replication and Pedagogy in the History of Psychology II: Fowler & Wells's Phrenology

    Science.gov (United States)

    Trevino, Kelly M.; Konrad, Krista K.

    2008-01-01

    Phrenologists believed that specific brain regions corresponded to certain character traits. In addition, the size of each brain region was believed to determine the strength of the respective trait. Phrenology originated in Austria with Franz Josef Gall and was popularized and commercialized in America at the end of the 19th century by Orson…

  1. H : disainialfabeet / Kai Lobjakas

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Lobjakas, Kai, 1975-

    2006-01-01

    Tutvustatakse taani disainerit, arhitekti ja kriitikut Poul Henningseni (1894-1967), austria arhitekti ja disainerit Josef Hoffmanni (1870-1956), belgia arhitekti Victor Hortat (1861-1947), argentiina päritolu disainerit Alfredo Häberlit (sünd. 1964, Buenos Aires), Herman Milleri nimelist mööblitootmisettevõtet (asutatud 1923) USA-s, high-tech stiili

  2. По-своему несчастные / Николай Караев

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Караев, Николай, 1978-

    2010-01-01

    Kaks väärtfilmi "õnnetute inimeste elust" kinos Artis: moekunstnik Tom Fordi debüütfilm "Üksik mees" ("A Single Man", USA 2009) ja režissöör Josef Fares'e komöödiafilm "Papa" ("Farsan", Rootsi 2010)

  3. Skandinaavia komöödia / Margit Adorf

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Adorf, Margit, 1974-

    2003-01-01

    Skandinaavia filme 7. Pimedate Ööde Filmifestivalil - "Rohelised lihunikud" (De gronne slagtere") : režissöör Anders Thomas Jensen : Taani 2003, "Tõusuvesi" ("Nousukausi") : režissöör Johanna Vuoksenmaa : Soome 2003 ja "Pollarid" ("Kopps") : režissöör Josef Fares : Rootsi 2002

  4. По-своему несчастные / Николай Караев

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Караев, Николай, 1978-

    2010-01-01

    Kaks väärtfilmi "õnnetute inimeste elust" kinos Artis: moekunstnik Tom Fordi debüütfilm "Üksik mees" ("A Single Man", USA 2009) ja režissöör Josef Fares'e komöödiafilm "Papa" ("Farsan", Rootsi 2010)

  5. Grid Computing Das wahre Web 2.0?

    CERN Multimedia

    2008-01-01

    'Grid-Computing ist eine Fortentwicklung des World Wide Web, sozusagen die nchste Generation', sagte (1) Franz-Josef Pfreundt (Fraunhofer-Institut fr Techno- und Wirtschaftsmathematik) schon auf der CeBIT 2003 und verwies auf die NASA als Grid-Avantgarde.

  6. H : disainialfabeet / Kai Lobjakas

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Lobjakas, Kai, 1975-

    2006-01-01

    Tutvustatakse taani disainerit, arhitekti ja kriitikut Poul Henningseni (1894-1967), austria arhitekti ja disainerit Josef Hoffmanni (1870-1956), belgia arhitekti Victor Hortat (1861-1947), argentiina päritolu disainerit Alfredo Häberlit (sünd. 1964, Buenos Aires), Herman Milleri nimelist mööblitootmisettevõtet (asutatud 1923) USA-s, high-tech stiili

  7. The LEP inauguration ceremony

    CERN Document Server

    1989-01-01

    This photo was taken in November 1989 at the inauguration of the Large Electron-Positron (LEP) collider. From the left, Princess Margriet of the Netherlands, King Carl Gustav of Sweden, CERN Council President Josef Rembser, President Francois Mitterand of France, President Jean-Pascal Delamuraz of Switzerland, Carlo Rubbia, Director-General of CERN at the time.

  8. Lavalood / Mihkel Mutt

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Mutt, Mihkel, 1953-

    1999-01-01

    Tom Stoppardi "Midagi tõelist" Vanalinnastuudios, lav. Roman Baskin, Torgny Lindgreni "Mao tee kalju peal" Eesti Draamateatri väikeses saalis, lav. Priit Pedajas, Josef ja Karel Čapeki "Putukate elust" Pärnu Endlas, lavastaja Jaan Tooming

  9. SSP推进器——一项独特的设计

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    梁华生

    2000-01-01

    The CONSORTIUM PROPULSOR, a joint venture of SCHOTTEL-Werft Josef Becker GmbH & Co. KG and Siemens AG, Marine Engineering, has developed a new podded azimuthing diesel-electric propulsion system for power outputs in the range of 5 to 30 MW per unit.

  10. [Glanz und Elend - Mythos und Wirklichkeit der Herrenhäuser im Baltikum] / Karsten Brüggemann

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Brüggemann, Karsten, 1965-

    2014-01-01

    Arvustus: Glanz und Elend - Mythos und Wirklichkeit der Herrenhäuser im Baltikum. Hrsg. von Ilse von zur Mühlen im Auftrag der Carl-Schirren-Gesellschaft e.V. und des Ostpreußischen Landesmuseums Lüneburg. Kunstverlag Josef Fink. Lindenberg im Allgäu 2012

  11. The Bauhaus and Black Mountain College

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ellert, JoAnn C.

    1972-01-01

    In view of the sixteen-year tenure (1933-1949) at Black Mountain College of Josef Albers, a former Bauhaus Master, and his wife, Anni, a Bauhaus graduate and teacher, exploration of the influence of the Bauhaus on this small, progressive, art-centered college in the mountains of North Carolina is warrented. (Author)

  12. Construyendo Puentes (Building Bridges): Concepts and Models for Service-Learning in Spanish. AAHE's Series on Service-Learning in the Disciplines.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hellebrandt, Josef, Ed.; Varona, Lucia T., Ed.

    This volume is part of a series of 18 monographs on service learning and the academic disciplines. It is designed to help teachers, administrators, and students realize the potential of service learning in Spanish. Following a Foreword by Carmen Chaves Tesser and an Introduction by Josef Hellebrandt and Lucia T. Varona, the four essays in Part 1,…

  13. Reference: 304 [Arabidopsis Phenome Database[Archive

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available 304 http://metadb.riken.jp/db/SciNetS_ria224i/cria224u4ria224u16326926i Pfalz Jean...n The Plant cell Dietz Karl-Josef|Kandlbinder Andrea|Liere Karsten|Oelmüller Ralf|Pfalz Jeannette

  14. Biological adsorption process for removal of organic substances from raw water as a preliminary stage of full-scale desalination systems; Biologisch adsorbtives Verfahren zur Entfernung von Organika aus Rohwaessern als Vorstufe fuer Vollentsalzungsanlagen

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Schoenfelder, T. [KNG, Rostock (Germany); Keil, U. [STEAG encotec GmbH, Essen (Germany)

    2000-07-01

    At Rostock power plant, KNG mgH in cooperation with DVGW of Hamburg Harburg University and STEAG encotec GmbH Essen developed and tested a two-stage desalination process with a biological activated carbon filter in the preparatory stage. Results were satisfactory. [German] Die Erzeugung von hochreinem Deionat als Speisewasser fuer Zwangsdurchlaufkessel mit Werten von <0,2 {mu}S/cm Leitfaehigkeit und <200 ppb TOC ist fuer die Dampfqualitaet im Wasser-Dampf-Kreislauf von immenser Bedeutung. Vor allem bei der kombinierten Fahrweise unter Zudosierung von Sauerstoff muessen diese Werte nicht nur eingehalten sondern eher noch weit unterschritten werden. Deionat entsprechender Leitfaehigkeit zu erzeugen ist seit langem kein Problem mehr. Schwierigkeiten gibt es jedoch in vielen Faellen bei der ausreichenden Entfernung des TOCs. Im Kraftwerk Rostock wurde durch die KNG mbH unter Mitwirkung des DVGW der Universitaet Hamburg Harburg und der STEAG encotec GmbH Essen ein Verfahren entwickelt und ueber 2 Jahre unter begleitenden Untersuchungen erprobt, bei dem eine zweistufige Vorreinigung von TOC auf weit unter 500 ppb und die nachgeschaltete Vollentsalzungsanlage auf <60 ppb reduziert. Neu an diesem Verfahren ist der in der Vorreinigung betriebene biologisch arbeitende Aktivkohlefilter, der als 1. Stufe, raeumlich getrennt von dem adsorbtiv arbeitenden Aktivkohlefilter, gerade die assimilierbaren organischen Bestandteile entfernt, die weder durch Adsorbtion an Aktivkohle, noch in den Ionenaustauschern der VE zurueckgehalten werden konnten. Dies brachte sowohl entscheidende Verbesserungen beim Betrieb der VE als auch bei der Reinheit des Wasser-Dampf-Kreislaufes. (orig.)

  15. Otoman encounters with European science: sixtienth and seventeenth-century translations into turkish

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gunegrun, Feza

    The article concerns the traslation of medical and geographical texts from Arabic, Persian and European languages during Middle Age. The following astonomical texts are mentioned: a)Si fasl der marifet-i takvim (The thirty Chapters of Calendar Making) b)Er- Risaletu'l-fethiyye fi'l- hey'e (Astronomical treatise glorifying the Triump) by Ali Qushji, translated bySeydi Ali Reis c)The European astronomical Tables by Nathalis Durret (1590-1650)translated by Tezkireci Kose Ibrahim (1635-1663) d)Secenel-al-aflak fi gayet al idrak (Mirror of the Heavens and the Summit of Perception)translated by Tezkireci Kose Ibrahim Effendi. It is noted, that Ottoman astrologers and timekeepers used the tables by Ulug Beg till the mid- eighteenth century. e) The astronomical tables by Alexis Clairot (1713-165) were translated by Helifezade Cinari Ismail Effendi.

  16. Fresh perspectives for a better world

    CERN Multimedia

    Danielle Amy Venton

    While it’s no surprise that technology has the ability to change the world, it sometimes changes it in surprising ways. The Citizen Cyberscience Centre project is promoting change for humanitarian causes through distributed volunteer initiatives, such as volunteer computing and ‘volunteer thinking’. The inaugural lecture of a planned series was held at CERN in late October. The United Nations Institute for Training and Research (UNITAR), the University of Geneva (UNIGE), and CERN have recently set up a new partnership and launched a lecture series, which will invite experts in the humanities and technologies to share fresh perspectives on ways to work for a better world. The inaugural lecture at CERN was given by two speakers, Mo Ibrahim and Alpheus Bingham, each of them behind initiatives using technology to address difficult problems. Mo Ibrahim founded Celtel International, one of Africa’s most successful mobile network operators. Ibrahim’s company has ...

  17. International Physics Olympiad (24th) Held in Williamsburg, Virginia on July 10 - 18, 1993

    Science.gov (United States)

    1993-07-18

    27.35 Bojan Gornik Slovenia 27.33 Yoo Chul Chung Korea 27.25 Andras Major Germany 27.05 Robert Kry Canada 27 Erik Larsson Sweden 27 lacopoCarusotto...Martin Canada: Kry, Robert China: Zhang, Junan Colombia: Massey, Ibrahim Croatia:. Garaj, Slaven Cuba: Campa, Erwin Portuondo Cyprus: Tofaris...2159 REPUBLIC OF KOREA Singapore Sooyong Kim Dept. of Physics Meng Hau Kuok Korea Advanced Inst. of Science & National University Technology of

  18. RETRACTION: Surface impedance determination of an object located over a planar PEC surface and its use in shape reconstruction Surface impedance determination of an object located over a planar PEC surface and its use in shape reconstruction

    Science.gov (United States)

    Seda Ünal, Gül; Yapar, Ali; Akduman, Ibrahim

    2009-06-01

    This paper has substantial overlap with the paper 'Reconstruction of surface impedance of an object located over a planar PEC surface' by Gül Seda Ünal, Mehmet Çayören and Evrim Tetik (2008 Journal of Physics: Conference Series 135 012099). Therefore this article has been retracted by IOP Publishing and by the authors, Gül Seda Ünal, Ali Yapar and Ibrahim Akduman.

  19. Treatment of natural mammary gland tumors in canines and felines using gold nanorods-assisted plasmonic photothermal therapy to induce tumor apoptosis

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ali MRK

    2016-09-01

    Full Text Available Moustafa R K Ali,1 Ibrahim M Ibrahim,2,† Hala R Ali,2,3 Salah A Selim,2 Mostafa A El-Sayed1,4 1School of Chemistry and Biochemistry, Georgia Institute of Technology, and Laser Dynamics Laboratory, Atlanta, GA, USA; 2Department of Veterinary Medicine, Cairo University, Giza, Cairo, Egypt; 3Department of Bacteriology and Immunology, Animal Health Research Institute (AHRI, Dokki, Giza, Egypt; 4School of Chemistry, King Abdul Aziz University, Jeddah, Saudi Arabia †Ibrahim M Ibrahim passed away on August 23, 2015 Abstract: Plasmonic photothermal therapy (PPTT is a cancer therapy in which gold nanorods are injected at the site of a tumor before near-infrared light is transiently applied to the tumor causing localized cell death. Previously, PPTT studies have been carried out on xenograft mice models. Herein, we report a study showing the feasibility of PPTT as applied to natural tumors in the mammary glands of dogs and cats, which more realistically represent their human equivalents at the molecular level. We optimized a regime of three low PPTT doses at 2-week intervals that ablated tumors mainly via apoptosis in 13 natural mammary gland tumors from seven animals. Histopathology, X-ray, blood profiles, and comprehensive examinations were used for both the diagnosis and the evaluation of tumor statuses before and after treatment. Histopathology results showed an obvious reduction in the cancer grade shortly after the first treatment and a complete regression after the third treatment. Blood tests showed no obvious change in liver and kidney functions. Similarly, X-ray diffraction showed no metastasis after 1 year of treatment. In conclusion, our study suggests the feasibility of applying the gold nanorods-PPTT on natural tumors in dogs and cats without any relapse or toxicity effects after 1 year of treatment. Keywords: gold nanorods, natural mammary tumors, plasmonic photothermal therapy, canine, feline

  20. Beyond the Iron Triangle: Implications for the Veterans Health Administration in an Uncertain Policy Environment

    Science.gov (United States)

    2014-12-04

    VAMC VA Medical Center VBA Veterans Benefits Administration VFW Veterans of Foreign War of the United States VHA Veterans Health...However, this model is not necessarily applicable to HVAC, because few Members seek to serve on it and even fewer elect to remain on it as they accrue...Said C. Ibrahim, David S. Macpherson, and Michael E. Moreland, “VA Healthcare System: A Potential Model for a National Plan,” in The Praeger Handbook

  1. Resolving regional conflicts and public opinion: The Nigerian experience in Liberian crisis

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Salami, B.O.

    2013-06-01

    Full Text Available Nigeria played an important role which led to the resolution of the Liberian crisis between 1990 and 1997. But between 1990 and 1993 towards the end of General Ibrahim Babangida’s regime (1985-1993, Nigeria’s role in the Liberian peace process became a major issue which preoccupied Nigeria’s external relations within the West African Sub-region. This paper examines in how public opinion influences government attitude and posture towards the Liberian situation.

  2. Novel Texture-based Probabilistic Object Recognition and Tracking Techniques for Food Intake Analysis and Traffic Monitoring

    Science.gov (United States)

    2015-10-02

    metrics first forays. Journal of Chemometrics, 10:569–590, 1996. [56] Norasyikin Fadilah, Junita Mohamad-Saleh, Zaini Abdul Halim, Haidi Ibrahim, and... Syed Salim Syed Ali. Intelligent Color Vision System for Ripeness Classification of Oil Palm Fresh Fruit Bunch. SENSORS, 12(10):14179–14195, OCT 2012...Paragios, and CarloS. Regazzoni, editors, Video-Based Surveillance Sys - tems, pages 135–144. Springer US, 2002. [87] Hokuto Kagaya, Kiyoharu Aizawa, and

  3. THEORETICAL MODEL AND NUMERICAL METHOD ON ONLINE IDENTIFICATION OF DYNAMICAL CHARACTERISTICS OF STRUCTURAL SYSTEM

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    姚志远; 汪凤泉

    2004-01-01

    An online method of identification of dynamic characteristics only using measured ambient response of structural dynamic system is widely focused on. The Ibrahim and ARMA (AutoRegressive Moving Average ) methods are basic identification methods. A model on dynamic system suffered by random ambient excitation was researched into, and a subspace decomposition method being different from traditional harmonic retrieval method was introduced. Robustness and effectiveness of this approach on identification of vibration characteristics are demonstrated on numerical experiment.

  4. 简讯

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2002-01-01

    His Excellency, Karim Ebrahim Al-Shakar, Ambassador of the Kingdom ofBahrain to the People's Republic of China,recently presented a checkto Gu Xiulian,ACWF Vice-president,on behalf of H.H.Shaikha SabeekaBint Ibrahim Al-Khalifa, Wife of H.M.King of the Bahrain.The presentation tookplace at a dinner reception at the ambassador's residence

  5. Gastroretentive behavior of orally administered radiolabeled tamarind seed formulations in rabbits validated by gamma scintigraphy

    OpenAIRE

    Razavi M; Karimian H; Yeong CH; Fadaeinasab M; Khaing SL; Chung LY; Mohamad Haron DE; Noordin MI

    2016-01-01

    Mahboubeh Razavi,1 Hamed Karimian,1 Chai Hong Yeong,2 Mehran Fadaeinasab,3 Si Lay Khaing,4 Lip Yong Chung,1 Didi Erwandi B Mohamad Haron,5 Mohamed Ibrahim Noordin1,6 1Department of Pharmacy, 2University Malaya Research Imaging Centre and Department of Biomedical Imaging, Faculty of Medicine, 3Center for Natural Product Research and Drug Discovery (CENAR), 4Department of Obstetrics & Gynaecology, 5Shimadzu-UMMC Centre for Xenobiotics Studies, Pharmacology Department, Faculty of Medicin...

  6. Is general anesthesia a risk for myocardium? Effect of anesthesia on myocardial function as assessed by cardiac troponin-i in two different groups (isofluran+N2O inhalation and propofol+fentanyl iv anesthesia)

    OpenAIRE

    Demet Dogan Erol; Ibrahim Ozen

    2007-01-01

    Demet Dogan Erol1, Ibrahim Ozen21Department of Anaesthesiology and Reanimation, School of Medicine, Kocatepe University, Afyonkarahisar, Turkey; 2Department of Anaesthesiology and Reanimation, Karadeniz Technical University Faculty of Medicine, Trabzon, TurkeyBackground and objectives: Peroperative myocardial infarction (MI) is the most common cause of morbidity and mortality. What is the role of general anesthesia in this process? Is general anesthesia a risk for myocardial infarction? The p...

  7. Medications and therapeutic apheresis procedures: are we doing our best?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ibrahim, Rami B; Balogun, Rasheed Abiodun

    2013-02-01

    Therapeutic apheresis refers to a group of extracorporeal therapies commonly used in the treatment of a variety of neurological, renal, hematological, and other systemic diseases caused by circulating "toxic agents" that cannot be cleared by other means. This article presents an overview of the concepts underlying the effect of therapeutic apheresis procedures on prescription drugs taken by patients and describes key drug-related and procedure-related factors that may impact drug disposition during therapeutic apheresis. Therapeutic apheresis, and specifically therapeutic plasma exchange (TPE), is the process involving the extracorporeal separation of plasma from the cellular components of blood, discarding the plasma and exchanging it with replacement physiologic fluids such as albumin or fresh frozen plasma to maintain oncotic pressure and blood volume, and then returning this and the original cellular components of blood back to the patient's circulatory system (Ibrahim and Balogun, Semin Dial 2012;25:176-189). Over the last 4 decades, modern therapeutic apheresis has been used clinically for the treatment of a host of renal, hematological, and neurological diseases such as Goodpasture's syndrome, thrombotic thrombocytopenic purpura, and myasthenia gravis to name a few (Ibrahim et al., Pharmacotherapy 2007;27:1529-1549). Because of its ability to remove plasma, TPE can extract circulating drugs residing in this compartment, thereby affecting their disposition and potentially their therapeutic action (Ibrahim and Balogun, Semin Dial 2012;25:176-189; Ibrahim et al., Pharmacotherapy 2007;27:1529-1549; Kale-Pradhan and Woo, Pharmacotherapy 1997;17:684-695; Kintzel et al., J Clin Apher 2003;18:194-205). The aim of this article is to shed light on drug-related and TPE-related factors that may influence drug removal by TPE. Emphasis is put on areas needing improvement in the way of assessing drug removal by TPE. In addition, a call for an expanded investigation of TPEs

  8. Simple and scalable iodination of 2,6–dialkylanilines: useful building blocks for synthesis.

    OpenAIRE

    sprotocols

    2015-01-01

    Authors: Houssein Ibrahim, Clémentine Gibard, Audrey Hospital, Christelle Gaulier, Natasha Hewitt, Arnaud Gautier & Federico Cisnetti ### Abstract The syntesis of 2,6-dimethyl-4-iodoaniline and 2,6-diisopropyl-4-iodoanilne is described. Both compounds were easily obtained in using an aromatic iodination reaction with molecular iodine. The desired products were isolated in nearly quantitative yields after a simple extraction. The crude materials are pure according to NMR. ###...

  9. High-Speed Widely-Tunable 90% Quantum-Efficiency Resonant Cavity Enhanced p-i-n Photodiodes

    Science.gov (United States)

    1998-12-01

    REPORT unclassified b . ABSTRACT unclassified c. THIS PAGE unclassified Standard Form 298 (Rev. 8-98) Prescribed by ANSI Std Z39-18 8:45am - 9...00am WB2 High-Speed Widely-Tunable >90% Quantum-Efficiency Resonant Cavity Enhanced p-i-n Photodiodes Necmi Biyiklia. Ibrahim Kimukinb. Orhan ...Bilkent, Ankara 06533, Turkey. b Department of Physics, Bilkent University, Bilkent, Ankara 06533, Turkey. c Department of Electrical and Computer

  10. Monitoring of 45 pesticides in Lebanese surface water using polar organic chemical integrative sampler (POCIS)

    Science.gov (United States)

    Aisha, Al Ashi; Hneine, Wael; Mokh, Samia; Devier, Marie-Hélène; Budzinski, Hélèn; Jaber, Farouk

    2017-07-01

    The aim of this study is to assess the dissolved concentration of 45 pesticides in the surface waters of the Lebanese Republic using Polar Organic Chemical Integrative Sampler "POCIS". All of the sampling sites are located in the major agricultural land areas in Lebanon. POCIS (n = 3) were deployed at Ibrahim River, Qaraoun Lake and Hasbani River for a duration of 14 days. The total concentration of pesticides ranged from not detected (nd) to 137.66 ng.L-1. Chlorpyrifos, DDE-pp, diazinon and Fenpropathrin were the most abundant compounds. Qaraoun Lake and Hasbani River were found to be more polluted than Ibrahim River, since they receive large amounts of waste water derived from nearby agricultural lands and they had the lowest dilution factor. The aqueous average concentration of the target compounds were estimated using sampling rates obtained from the literature. Comparison between Time Weighed Average concentrations "TWA" using POCIS and spot sampling is presented. Results showed that POCIS TWA concentrations are in agreement with spot sampling concentrations for Ibrahim and Hasbani Rivers. The toxicity of the major detected pesticides on three representative aquatic species (Daphnia magna, Scenedesmus quadricauda and Oncorhynchus mykiss) is also reported.

  11. PREFACE New developments in nanopore research—from fundamentals to applications New developments in nanopore research—from fundamentals to applications

    Science.gov (United States)

    Albrecht, Tim; Edel, Joshua B.; Winterhalter, Mathias

    2010-11-01

    , Di Cao and Stuart Lindsay Probing DNA with micro- and nanocapillaries and optical tweezers L J Steinbock, O Otto, D R Skarstam, S Jahn, C Chimerel, J L Gornall and U F Keyser Fabrication of nanopores with embedded annular electrodes and transverse carbon nanotube electrodes Zhijun Jiang, Mirna Mihovilovic, Jason Chan and Derek Stein Fabrication and electrical characterization of a pore-cavity-pore device D Pedone, M Langecker, A M Münzer, R Wei, R D Nagel and U Rant Use of tunable nanopore blockade rates to investigate colloidal dispersions G R Willmott, R Vogel, S S C Yu, L G Groenewegen, G S Roberts, D Kozak, W Anderson and M Trau Facilitated translocation of polypeptides through a single nanopore Robert Bikwemu, Aaron J Wolfe, Xiangjun Xing and Liviu Movileanu Mechanistic insight into gramicidin-based detection of protein-ligand interactions via sensitized photoinactivation Tatyana I Rokitskaya, Michael X Macrae, Steven Blake, Natalya S Egorova, Elena A Kotova, Jerry Yang and Yuri N Antonenko Sequence-dependent unfolding kinetics of DNA hairpins studied by nanopore force spectroscopy Stephan Renner, Andrey Bessonov, Ulrich Gerland and Friedrich C Simmel Hydration properties of mechanosensitive channel pores define the energetics of gating A Anishkin, B Akitake, K Kamaraju, C-S Chiang and S Sukharev Dynamic translocation of ligand-complexed DNA through solid-state nanopores with optical tweezers Andy Sischka, Andre Spiering, Maryam Khaksar, Miriam Laxa, Janine König, Karl-Josef Dietz and Dario Anselmetti Force fluctuations assist nanopore unzipping of DNA V Viasnoff, N Chiaruttini, J Muzard and U Bockelmann Control and reversal of the electrophoretic force on DNA in a charged nanopore Binquan Luan and Aleksei Aksimentiev The properties of the outer membrane localized Lipid A transporter LptD Raimund Haarmann, Mohamed Ibrahim, Mara Stevanovic, Rolf Bredemeier and Enrico Schleiff Structural and dynamical properties of the porins OmpF and OmpC: insights from

  12. ''Improving the EEG''. PHOTON discussion with experts of German political parties on the future of reimbursement for alternative energy; ''Das EEG weiter entwickeln''. PHOTON-Streitgesprach mit Energie-Experten der Bundestagsfraktionen ueber die kuenftige Solarstromfoerderung

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Anon.

    2002-08-01

    In a PHOTON discussion with Rainer Brinkmann (SPD), Franz Obermeier (CSU), Hans-Josef Fell (Buendnis 90/Die Gruenen), Walter Hirche (FDP) and Eva Bullinger-Schrter (PDS), it became clear that the FDP is not the only political party in Germany to oppose the EEG (Renewable Energy Act). The CSU is thinking about replacing reimbursement for alternative energy sources by a tendering procedure. [German] Weil Wahlprogramme sich meist in Allgemeinplaetzen verlieren, baten wir Energie-Experten aus den fuenf Bundestagsfraktionen in einem Streitgespraech um Klartext: Wie sehen die Plaene zur Solarstromfoerderung aus? Bei der lebhaften Diskussion zwischen Rainer Brinkmann (SPD), Franz Obermeier (CSU), Hans-Josef Fell (Buendnis 90/Die Gruenen), Walter Hirche (FDP) und Eva Bulling-Schroeter (PDS) wurde deutlich: Nicht nur die FDP ist gegen das Erneuerbaree-Energien-Gesetz (EEG). Auch in der Union gibt es Ueberlegungen, die Einspeiseverguetung fuer Solarstrom durch einen Ausschreibungswettbewerb abzuloesen. (orig.)

  13. European promotional programs for renewable energies and energy efficiency; Europaeische Foerderprogramme fuer Erneuerbare Energien und Energieeffizienz

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2011-07-01

    Within the OTTI professional meeting at 28th September, 2011, in Regensburg (Federal Republic of Germany) the following lectures were held: (1) The jungle of founding agencies - Sense and nonsense of European funding projects (Josef Konradl); (2) Introduction to the promotional programs of the European Union (Degenhard Peisker); (3) The seventh Research Framework Program (FP7) (Degenhard Peisker); (4) The promotional program 'Life+' as a part of the sixth Environmental action Program for the promotion of large innovation projects and demonstration projects (Josef Konradl); (5) Die promotional programs 'Intelligent Energy Europe (CIP-IEE)' and 'Leonardo da Vinci' as a part of Life Long Learning (LLL) (Andre Suck); (6) How do I write a successful EU application (Klaus Grepmeier).

  14. Application of levelling agent in reactive turquoise blue KN - G%匀梁剂在活性翠兰KN-G中的应用

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    鞠苏华; 李华美; 奚进

    2012-01-01

    Dyeing medium or dark using reactive turquoise blue KN-G is prone to the phenomenon of color dots, spots and dyeing defect. This defects will be avoided when appropriate and the right amount of levelling agents were added in the commercial processing as well as scientific dyeing route were employed, which also improve the color fastness.%活性翠兰KN—G在染中、深色时易产生色点、色斑、色花现象。商品化染色加工时添加适当和适量的匀染剂,同时采用科学的染色方式可避免上述问题的产生,提高各项色牢度。

  15. Evidence for the absence of intron H of the histidine-rich glycoprotein (HRG) gene: Genetic mapping and in situ localization of HRG to chromosome 3q28-q29

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Hennis, B.C.; Poort, E.W. van der; Kluft, C.; Frants, R.R.; Bakker, E.; Vossen, R.H.A.M.; Blonden, L.A.; Khan, P.M. (Leiden Univ. (Netherlands)); Cox, S.; Spurr, N.K. (Imperial Cancer Research Fund, London (United Kingdom))

    1994-01-01

    Histidine-rich glycoprotein (HRG) belongs to the cystatin superfamily and appears to be a potential risk factor for thrombosis. An increased prevalence of elevated HRG plasma levels in patients with venous thrombosis and families with thrombophilia has been reported. It is interesting to note that the genes of four different members of the cystatin superfamily are located on the distal section of the long arm of chromosome 3: Stefin A (STF1) on 3q21, Kininogen (KNG) on 3q26-qter, [alpha]-2-HS-glycoprotein (AHSG) on 3q27-q28, and HRG on 3q21-qter. To further investigate the evolutionary relationship between HRG and members of the cystatin superfamily, the authors isolated a cosmid that was used to refine the chromosomal localization of HRG by in situ hybridization. In addition, they used a dinucleotide repeat polymorphism to localize HRG on the linkage map of chromosome 3q. 10 refs., 2 figs.

  16. "Ständige Neuerfindung der Wahrheit". Zum Problem der Biographie und Identität im Roman "Die englischen Jahre" von Norbert Gstrein // On the Problem of Biography and Identity in the Novel "The English Years" by Norbert Gstrein

    OpenAIRE

    Spreicer, Jelena

    2012-01-01

    Der 1999 veröffentlichte Roman "Die englischen Jahre" stellt den Anfang der zweiten Phase im Schaffen Norbert Gstreins dar. Während er in seiner ersten Schaffensperiode die existentiellen Probleme der "Nichtzugehörigkeit in der Dorfgemeinschaft" (Helbig, S. 27) thematisiert und sich somit in die Tradition von Anti-Heimat Autoren wie Peter Turrini, Thomas Bernhard und Josef Winkler positioniert, bildet die Unmöglichkeit der Sprache, das Trauma der Kriegserfahrung zu verbalisieren, den thematis...

  17. Reference: 712 [Arabidopsis Phenome Database[Archive

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available 712 http://metadb.riken.jp/db/SciNetS_ria224i/cria224u4ria224u18165327i Romero-Puertas Maria...t cell Delledonne Massimo|Dietz Karl-Josef|Finkemeier Iris|Jones Alex M E|Laxa Miriam|Mattè Alessandro|Perazzolli Michele|Romero-Puertas Maria C|Vandelle Elodie|Zaninotto Federica

  18. 原材料市场发展趋势今年前五个月全球PVC需求大幅上扬

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    庞晓华

    2004-01-01

    @@ [2004年7月消息]据聚氯乙烯(PVC)生产商Vinnolit公司管理总监Josef Ertl博士近日在德国PVC和环境协会AgPU的1次会议上说,今年前5个月全球PVC的消费需求出现大幅上升.

  19. Tellisepreemia 2004 / Pille Nagel

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Nagel, Pille

    2004-01-01

    27. V 2004 premeeriti Viinis Euroopa parimate tellishoonete loojaid ja esitleti raamatut "Brick'04". Eestist valiti raamatusse Emil Urbeli kavandatud villa Tallinnas Pirita teel. Võistluse initsiaator tellisetootja Wienerberger AG. I preemia - jalakäijate tunnel Praha kindluse juures (arhitekt Josef Pleskot), II - Humboldti Ülikooli tehniline ehitis (Benedict Tonon), III - korterelamu Veneetsias (Cino Zucchi), üks eripreemiatest - eramu Šveitsis Aargaus (Peter ja Christian Frei). 3 ill

  20. Topics in Plasma Physics

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Vahala, Linda [Old Dominion Univ., Norfolk, VA (United States)

    2015-05-31

    During the period 1998-2013, research under the auspices of the Department of Energy was performed on RF waves in plasmas. This research was performed in close collaboration with Josef Preinhaelter, Jakub Urban, Vladimir Fuchs, Pavol Pavlo and Frantisek Zacek (Czech Academy of Sciences), Martin Valovic and Vladimir Shevchenko (Culham). This research is detailed and all 38 papers which were published by this team are cited.

  1. 关于折纸的若干事

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    木遥

    2014-01-01

    1927年,在德国国立建筑学院(即后世著名的包豪斯学院)的一次预备课程上,教师Josef Albers(他战后成为耶鲁大学设计系的系主任)带着一卷报纸走进课堂,对学生们说道:

  2. Horror powrotu (Milan Kundera - "Nieiwedza")

    OpenAIRE

    Sidowska, Karolina

    2007-01-01

    Niewiedza ist der letzte Roman von Milan Kundera, in dem sich der Autor mit einer Idee der Rückkehr beschäftigt. Kundera, ein tschechischer Schriftsteller, der seit Jahren in Frankreich lebt und schafft, hat schon mehrmals in seinen Werken einen Einfluss der neuesten Geschichte aufs Leben der einfachen Menschen thematisiert. In dieser Buch ist sein Bedürfnis nach einer Abrechnung mit der Vergangenheit am deutlichsten. Am Beispiel von Irena und Josef, die 1968 aus Tschechei vor ...

  3. Regulace sexuálního chování jedince jako politikum (na základě analýzy úpravy v ČR)

    OpenAIRE

    Vošmik, Josef

    2014-01-01

    Josef Vošmik Diploma thesis: Individual sexual behaviour control as a public policy topic (based on analysis of regulations in the Czech Republic) ABSTRACT The goal of the diploma thesis named Individual sexual behaviour control as a public policy topic was, based on the analysis of the law regulations in the Czech Republic, to define and understand how sexual expressions are legally limited in our country. Human sexuality is a very private affair, but there are certain situations when the st...

  4. The PTSD Practitioner Registry: An Innovative Tracking, Dissemination, and Support Tool for Providers in Military and Nonmilitary Settings

    Science.gov (United States)

    2015-10-01

    Military and Nonmilitary Settings PRINCIPAL INVESTIGATOR : Josef I. Ruzek, Ph.D. RECIPIENT: Palo Alto Veterans for Research and Education Palo...AND ADDRESS(ES) NAND ADDRESS(ES) 8. PERFORMING ORGANIZATION REPORT NUMBERPalo Alto Veterans for Research and Education Palo Alto, CA 94304 9...proposed registry survey. In Phase II, an RCT will be conducted to evaluate the impact of registry participation on practices/CPG awareness

  5. At Home in the Borderlands: An Interview with Rolando Hinojosa

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Josef Raab

    2012-05-01

    Full Text Available The following interview with Rolando Hinojosa was conducted by Josef Raab at Schloss Seggau, Austria, on July 29, 2010. Hinojosa was teaching in the Inter-American Summer School of the University of Graz at the time. Having been categorized as a postmodern writer, an ethnic writer, a local-color or regionalist writer, etc., Rolando Hinojosa illustrates the influence of his ‘native country,’ the Lower Rio Grande Valley, on his work in the interview.

  6. The lichens, tritium and carbon 14 integrators; Les lichens, integrateurs de tritium et de carbone 14

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Daillant, O

    2007-07-01

    The present report concerns a research for the tritium and for the carbon 14 in lichens in a spirit of bio-indication: the first results appear in Daillant and al (2004 ) and additional results were presented to the congress B.I.O.M.A.P. in Slovenia, organized collectively by the institute Josef Stefan from Ljubljana and the international atomic energy agency from Vienna (Daillant and al 2003). (N.C.)

  7. History of the Joint Chiefs of Staff. Volume 5. The Joint Chiefs of Staff and National Policy, 1953-1954

    Science.gov (United States)

    1986-01-01

    Ecuador Mexico Peru Uruguay Venezuela Other Austria Japan 203 JCS end National Policy be used temporarily in planning the FY 1954 MDA program...of these nations—Argentina, the Dominican Republic, Mexico , and Venezuela—were not yet eligible for aid, since they had not entered into bilateral...death of Josef Stalin. The Korean Armistice and Associated Problems Several more months of haggling ensued before the war was finally ended by an

  8. Proceedings of the Seventh Annual Mechanics of Composites Review, held 28-30 October 1981, Dayton, Ohio.

    Science.gov (United States)

    1982-04-01

    FIBRA Wright-Patterson AFB, Ohio 45433 (513) 255-5651 Autovon 785-5651 264 AFWAL-TR-82-4007 Principal Investigator: Dr. Josef Singer Department of...November 20 - 83 November 20 Project Engineer: Dr. N. S. Khot Air Force Wright Aeronautical Laboratories AFWAL/ FIBRA Wright-Patterson AFB, Ohio 45433...Contract F33615-81-C-3222 JON: 24010248 81 September 15 - 84 July 15 Project Engineer: Dr. N. S. Khot Air Force Wright Aeronautical Laboratories AFWAL/ FIBRA

  9. Reference: 334 [Arabidopsis Phenome Database[Archive

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available 334 http://metadb.riken.jp/db/SciNetS_ria224i/cria224u4ria224u16460512i Strasser Richard...he formation of complex N-glycans in plants. 5 789-803 16460512 2006 Mar The Plant journal Glössl Josef|Jin Chunsheng|Mach Lukas|Schoberer Jennifer|Steinkellner Herta|Strasser Richard

  10. Vegetation and Climate history of Franz Jozef Land Archipelago in the Late Holocene according pollen data

    Science.gov (United States)

    Nosevich, Ekaterina; Anisimov, Michail; Sapelko, Tatyana

    2015-04-01

    The archipelago Franz-Josef Land is situated in the Arctic Ocean (80°40' N, 54°50'E). It is one of the important areas for arctic research due to organization of Russian Arctic National Park there. Therefore, an interest to the environmental history of this territory grows up and any new data might have a high value. However, geographical remoteness of the archipelago is the reason why there are not much work has been done up to date. .A focus of our researches is vegetation and climate reconstruction during the Late Holocene history according pollen data. In frame of studying of the Franz Josef Land during complex expedition of Russian Arctic National Park on the islands geomorphological and botanical researches was occurred. Nowadays the typical island of archipelago presents the ice cap and glacier-free marine terraces of 35 m high at maximum, where solifluction and permafrost are developed. The archipelago has a maritime Arctic climate. Vegetation of archipelago Franz-Josef Land presents the northern type of Polar Desert. It includes 57 species of vascular plants (Poaceae, Juncaceae, Caryophyllaceae, Brassicaceae, Saxifragaceae etc). We studied the peat core from the southern part of Majbel Island, in the archipelago Franz Josef Land. More than a half of the island is covered by glacier. The core was sampled at the inner margin of ice-free high marine terrace, near the southern slope of bedrock hill. We received preliminary pollen data and radiocarbon data 3010±80 C14 y.a. at the bottom. The pollen concentration is low, but we manage to make some reconstructions of vegetation and climate. For correct interpretation of our results, we used surface samples from different islands of archipelago (Jackson, Hooker, Greely, Alexsandra land, Yeva-Liv, Appolonov, Georg land, Kane, Bell). Subrecent spectra include species presented in flora of region, but also those which are not founded at this region in this time.

  11. East Europe Report, Political, Sociological and Military Affairs, No. 2161

    Science.gov (United States)

    2007-11-02

    region extending to the eastern banks of the Elbe, Saale and Lajtha rivers. Around the death of Charlemagne (800) it was actually this "Christian...that some Hungarian noblemen, who served Emperor Rufolf II at the time, also expressed an extreme appreciation of the qualities of the Walachian prince...who had almost no rights. In 1982, a Transylvanian periodical published a previously unknown written petition, sent by Iancu to Emperor Franz Josef

  12. 热烈庆祝PROFINEWS第100期

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张丹丹(译)

    2013-01-01

    1997年,当我从Josef Kreidel接管PROFIBUS国际主席一职时,我的首要任务就是加强对PROFIBUS的推广。对于PROFIBUS国际组织来讲,我只是一个具有仅一年PNO(PROFIBUS德国用户组织)董事会经验的新手,但对于国际标准化方面,我并非新人。

  13. Tellisepreemia 2004 / Pille Nagel

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Nagel, Pille

    2004-01-01

    27. V 2004 premeeriti Viinis Euroopa parimate tellishoonete loojaid ja esitleti raamatut "Brick'04". Eestist valiti raamatusse Emil Urbeli kavandatud villa Tallinnas Pirita teel. Võistluse initsiaator tellisetootja Wienerberger AG. I preemia - jalakäijate tunnel Praha kindluse juures (arhitekt Josef Pleskot), II - Humboldti Ülikooli tehniline ehitis (Benedict Tonon), III - korterelamu Veneetsias (Cino Zucchi), üks eripreemiatest - eramu Šveitsis Aargaus (Peter ja Christian Frei). 3 ill

  14. O OUTRO ABRAÃO DE FRANZ KAFKA

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mauro Rocha Baptista

    2015-04-01

    Full Text Available The aim of this is paper is address the issue of religion in Franz Kafka from the analysis made by the theologian Karl-Josef Kuschel in his theological and literary portrait of the Prague Circle Jew not limited to a narrow reading to Judaism, but involve interpretations that the approach of Christian hope, in a letter to Robert Klopstok, his friend of later years, in describing the character he calls “the other Abraham.”

  15. Metagenomic and satellite analyses of red snow in the Russian Arctic.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hisakawa, Nao; Quistad, Steven D; Hester, Eric R; Martynova, Daria; Maughan, Heather; Sala, Enric; Gavrilo, Maria V; Rohwer, Forest

    2015-01-01

    Cryophilic algae thrive in liquid water within snow and ice in alpine and polar regions worldwide. Blooms of these algae lower albedo (reflection of sunlight), thereby altering melting patterns (Kohshima, Seko & Yoshimura, 1993; Lutz et al., 2014; Thomas & Duval, 1995). Here metagenomic DNA analysis and satellite imaging were used to investigate red snow in Franz Josef Land in the Russian Arctic. Franz Josef Land red snow metagenomes confirmed that the communities are composed of the autotroph Chlamydomonas nivalis that is supporting a complex viral and heterotrophic bacterial community. Comparisons with white snow communities from other sites suggest that white snow and ice are initially colonized by fungal-dominated communities and then succeeded by the more complex C. nivalis-heterotroph red snow. Satellite image analysis showed that red snow covers up to 80% of the surface of snow and ice fields in Franz Josef Land and globally. Together these results show that C. nivalis supports a local food web that is on the rise as temperatures warm, with potential widespread impacts on alpine and polar environments worldwide.

  16. PLANT-PARASITIC NEMATODES ON STONE FRUITS AND CITRUS IN LEBANON

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Said K. Ibrahim

    2016-06-01

    Full Text Available Ibrahim Said K., Ibrahim Azar, Christian Naser, Badran Akikki and Ludmilla Ibrahim. 2016. Plant-parasitic nematodes on stone fruits and citrus in Lebanon. Lebanese Science Journal, 17(1: 9-24. This study aimed to determine the occurrence, distribution of plant parasitic nematodes on stone fruits in Lebanon and to determine the effect of plant extracts on the mortality of several nematode species. A total of 308 soil samples were collected from five different crops. Almost all surveyed areas showed infection with nematodes. The soil infestation rate with nematodes in collected soil samples from all 10 surveyed crops ranged from 66.6 to 100%. Eighteen out of 308 soil samples were free of nematodes (5.8%. All the collected soil samples from nectarine and plum orchards were infested with nematodes (100%, followed by citrus (97.6%, apple (88.7%, pear and quince (85.7%, and cherry (81.4%. The lowest infection (66.6% was detected on almond and apricot. The level of infestation varied from one area to another and ranged between 0.1 and 28 nematodes per 1 g of soil, with the highest number obtained on cherry. Several genera were identified based on morphological characters including: root-knot nematodes (Meloidogyne spp., Tylenchulus, Xiphinema, Rotylenchus, Pratylenchus, and Longidorus. Tylenchulus and Radopholus spp. were the most common on citrus trees, whereas Pratylechus and Meloidogyne spp. were detected almost in all the samples collected from all the crops. Six chopped aromatic plants were tested in pot experiments to control nematodes population densities. The results revealed that carbofuran (nematicide was the most effective (88.48% in comparison to the plant materials. Allium sativum gave the highest control (76.52% followed by Tageta patula (72.0%, Cucurbita maxima (71.84% and Inula viscosa (63.96%. Origanum syriacum (55.04% and Thymus (53.72% were less effective in comparison to the rest of tested plant materials.

  17. REPOSITIONNER LES UNIVERSITES DANS LE DEVELOPPEMENT DE L'AFRIQUE,

    OpenAIRE

    Gay, Michel; Chitou, Ibrahim; CURBATOV, Oleg

    2014-01-01

    Contributeurs et Auteurs: ----------------------------------AGBOBLI, Edo Kodjo Maurille - Professeur, Docteur d’État ès Sciences Économiques, Maître de conférences des universités, Ancien Ministre;AKAKPO-NUMADO, Sena Yawo - Dr. Phil., Université de Lomé, Institut National des Sciences de l’Education;BACHIR WADE, Mohamed El -Professeur, Université de Dakar ;CHITOU, Ibrahim -Maître de Conférences – Université Paris 13 Paris Nord, Conseiller Technique du Ministre de l'Enseignement Supérieur et d...

  18. Highly luminescent and cytocompatible cationic Ag2S NIR-emitting quantum dots for optical imaging and gene transfection

    OpenAIRE

    Duman, Fatma Demir; Hocaoğlu, İbrahim; Hocaoglu, Ibrahim; Öztürk, Deniz Gülfem; Ozturk, Deniz Gulfem; Gözüaçık, Devrim; Gozuacik, Devrim; Kiraz, Alper; Yağcı Acar, Havva; Yagci Acar, Havva

    2015-01-01

    Nanoscale PAPER Cite this: Nanoscale, 2015, 7, 11352 Received 12th January 2015, Accepted 23rd May 2015 DOI: 10.1039/c5nr00189g www.rsc.org/nanoscale Highly luminescent and cytocompatible cationic Ag2S NIR-emitting quantum dots for optical imaging and gene transfection† Fatma Demir Duman,a Ibrahim Hocaoglu,a Deniz Gulfem Ozturk,b Devrim Gozuacik,b Alper Kiraza,c and Havva Yagci Acar*a,d,e The development of non-toxic theranostic nanoparticles capable of del...

  19. The Iraq Effect: The Middle East After the Iraq War

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    before the overthrow of the Shah of Iran in 1979, the United States maintained strong mili- tary and political relations with Tehran, which also...reasons are also not new, explaining why Iranian interest in such a capability dates back to the Shah .19 Although there are tactical differences among...2008. As of January 2009: http://www.muslm.net/ vb /showthread.php?t=285888 ‘Aloush, Ibrahim, “al-Nufudh al-Amiriki fi al-Sharq al-Awsat [American

  20. Multinational Experiment 7. Regional Analysis: Western Indian Ocean

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-03-01

    www.counterpiracy.ae/upload/Briefing/Ibrahim%20Al%20Musharrakh-Essay-Eng-2.pdf 10 To the notion of a “failed state” see Mario Silva , Somalia State...Notes, Report prepared for CGPCS’s WG2 3rd meeting, August 2009 27Robin Gless and Anna Petrig, “Piracy and Armed Robbery at Sea”, 2011, p. 70 ff...30 See Danmarks Radio: http://www.dr.dk/Nyheder/Udland/2012/03/22/165225.htm (8.4.2012) and Robin Gless/ Anna Petrig, Piracy and Armed Robbery at Sea

  1. Medical students’ knowledge, attitude, and practice of complementary and alternative medicine: a pre- and post-exposure survey in Majmaah University, Saudi Arabia

    OpenAIRE

    Qureshi, Naseem; AlMansour,Mohammed; AlBedah,Abdullah; AlRukban,Mohammed; Elsubai,Ibrahim; Mohamed,Elsadig; Ahmed,Elolemy; Khalil,Asim; Khalil, Mohamed; Alqaed,Meshari; Almudaiheem,Abdullah; Mahmoud,Waqas; Medani,Khalid

    2015-01-01

    Mohammed Abdullah Al Mansour,1 Abdullah MN Al-Bedah,2 Mohammed Othman AlRukban,3 Ibrahim S Elsubai,2 Elsadiq Yousif Mohamed,4 Ahmed Tawfik El Olemy,2 Asim AH Khalil,2 Mohamed KM Khalil,2 Meshari Saleh Alqaed,2 Abdullah Almudaiheem,2 Waqas Sami Mahmoud,4 Khalid Altohami Medani,4 Naseem Akhtar Qureshi2 1College of Medicine, Majmaah University, Al Majma’ah, 2National Center of Complementary and Alternative Medicine, Ministry of Health, 3Department of Family Medicine and Community Medic...

  2. Designing embedded systems with 32-bit PIC microcontrollers and MikroC

    CERN Document Server

    Ibrahim, Dogan

    2013-01-01

    The new generation of 32-bit PIC microcontrollers can be used to solve the increasingly complex embedded system design challenges faced by engineers today. This book teaches the basics of 32-bit C programming, including an introduction to the PIC 32-bit C compiler. It includes a full description of the architecture of 32-bit PICs and their applications, along with coverage of the relevant development and debugging tools. Through a series of fully realized example projects, Dogan Ibrahim demonstrates how engineers can harness the power of this new technology to optimize their embedded design

  3. Investigation of Real-Time Photorepair Activity on DNA via Surface Plasmon Resonance

    OpenAIRE

    2012-01-01

    4/24/2014 PLOS ONE: Investigation of Real-Time Photorepair Activity on DNA via Surface Plasmon Resonance http://www.plosone.org/article/info%3Adoi%2F10.1371%2Fjournal.pone.0044392 1/9 Published: August 29, 2012 DOI: 10.1371/journal.pone.0044392 Investigation of Real-Time Photorepair Activity on DNA via Surface Plasmon Resonance Rıza Kizilel , Enis Demir, Selimcan Azizoglu, Hande Asımgi, Ibrahim Halil Kavakli , Seda Kizilel Corrections 25 Oct 2012: Kizilel R, Demir E, Aziz...

  4. A Novel Protein, CHRONO, Functions as a Core Component of the Mammalian Circadian Clock

    OpenAIRE

    Anafi, Ron C.; Yool Lee; Sato, Trey K.; Anand Venkataraman; Chidambaram Ramanathan; Ibrahim H Kavakli; Hughes, Michael E.; Baggs, Julie E.; Jacqueline Growe; Liu, Andrew C.; Junhyong Kim; Hogenesch, John B.

    2014-01-01

    Machine Learning Helps Identify CHRONO as a Circadian Clock Component Ron C. Anafi1,2.*, Yool Lee3., Trey K. Sato3., Anand Venkataraman3, Chidambaram Ramanathan4, Ibrahim H. Kavakli5, Michael E. Hughes6, Julie E. Baggs7, Jacqueline Growe1,2, Andrew C. Liu4, Junhyong Kim8, John B. Hogenesch2,3* 1 Division of Sleep Medicine, University of Pennsylvania School of Medicine, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, United States of America, 2 Center for Sleep and Circadian Neurobiology, Univer...

  5. Comment peut-on devenir Arabe

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mihaela Arnat

    2005-06-01

    Full Text Available Le roman "Monsieur Ibrahim et les fleurs du Coran" est un roman d’initiation et d’éducation, un roman de la tolérance confessionnelle. Roman de l’échange spirituel entre les deux civilisations. C’est justement cette pluralité d’hypothèses interprétatives qui, au niveau thématique, tout comme au niveau discursif, ouvre au roman d’Eric-Emmanuel Schmitt une virtualité fertile de pistes de lecture où deux manières de penser, deux façons d’expressions se rencontrent heureusement.

  6. Structure Based Discovery of Small Molecules to Regulate the Activity of Human Insulin Degrading Enzyme

    OpenAIRE

    Bilal Çakir; Onur Dağliyan; Ezgi Dağyildiz; İbrahim Bariş; Ibrahim Halil Kavakli; Seda Kizilel; Metin Türkay

    2012-01-01

    Structure Based Discovery of Small Molecules to Regulate the Activity of Human Insulin Degrading Enzyme Bilal C¸ akir1, Onur Dag˘ liyan1, Ezgi Dag˘ yildiz1, I˙brahim Baris¸1, Ibrahim Halil Kavakli1,2*, Seda Kizilel1*, Metin Tu¨ rkay3* 1 Department of Chemical and Biological Engineering, Koc¸ University, Sariyer, Istanbul, Turkey, 2 Department of Molecular Biology and Genetics, Koc¸ University, Sariyer, Istanbul, Turkey, 3 Department of Industrial Engineering, Koc¸ University...

  7. IVT-seq reveals extreme bias in RNA sequencing

    OpenAIRE

    Kavaklı, Halil; Lahens, Nicholas F.; Zhang, Ray; Hayer, Katharina; Black, Michael B.; Dueck, Hannah; Pizarro, Angel; Kim, Junhyong; Irizarry, Rafael; Thomas, Russell S.; Grant, Gregory R.; Hogenesch, John B.

    2014-01-01

    RESEARCH Open Access IVT-seq reveals extreme bias in RNA sequencing Nicholas F Lahens1, Ibrahim Halil Kavakli2,3, Ray Zhang1, Katharina Hayer4, Michael B Black5, Hannah Dueck6, Angel Pizarro7, Junhyong Kim6, Rafael Irizarry8, Russell S Thomas5, Gregory R Grant4,9 and John B Hogenesch1* Abstract Background: RNA-seq is a powerful technique for identifying and quantifying transcription and splicing events, both known and novel. However, given its recent development and the prol...

  8. SD card projects using the PIC microcontroller

    CERN Document Server

    Ibrahim, Dogan

    2010-01-01

    PIC Microcontrollers are a favorite in industry and with hobbyists. These microcontrollers are versatile, simple, and low cost making them perfect for many different applications. The 8-bit PIC is widely used in consumer electronic goods, office automation, and personal projects. Author, Dogan Ibrahim, author of several PIC books has now written a book using the PIC18 family of microcontrollers to create projects with SD cards. This book is ideal for those practicing engineers, advanced students, and PIC enthusiasts that want to incorporate SD Cards into their devices. SD cards are che

  9. The Plasmodium falciparum merozoite surface protein-1 19 KD antibody response in the Peruvian Amazon predominantly targets the non-allele specific, shared sites of this antigen

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Silva Claudia

    2010-01-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background Plasmodium falciparum re-emerged in Iquitos, Peru in 1994 and is now hypoendemic (P. falciparum infections can be followed using this population dynamic. Previous work demonstrated a strong association between this population's antibody response to PfMSP1-19KD and protection against febrile illness and parasitaemia. Therefore, some selection for PfMSP1-19KD allelic diversity would be expected if the protection is to allele-specific sites of PfMSP1-19KD. Here, the potential for allele-specific polymorphisms in this population is investigated, and the allele-specificity of antibody responses to PfMSP1-19KD are determined. Methods The 42KD region in PfMSP1 was genotyped from 160 individual infections collected between 2003 and 2007. Additionally, the polymorphic block 2 region of Pfmsp1 (Pfmsp1-B2 was genotyped in 781 infection-months to provide a baseline for population-level diversity. To test whether PfMSP1-19KD genetic diversity had any impact on antibody responses, ELISAs testing IgG antibody response were performed on individuals using all four allele-types of PfMSP1-19KD. An antibody depletion ELISA was used to test the ability of antibodies to cross-react between allele-types. Results Despite increased diversity in Pfmsp1-B2, limited diversity within Pfmsp1-42KD was observed. All 160 infections genotyped were Mad20-like at the Pfmsp1-33KD locus. In the Pfmsp1-19KD locus, 159 (99.4% were the Q-KSNG-F haplotype and 1 (0.6% was the E-KSNG-L haplotype. Antibody responses in 105 individuals showed that Q-KNG and Q-TSR alleles generated the strongest immune responses, while Q-KNG and E-KNG responses were more concordant with each other than with those from Q-TSR and E-TSR, and vice versa. The immuno-depletion ELISAs showed all samples responded to the antigenic sites shared amongst all allelic forms of PfMSP1-19KD. Conclusions A non-allele specific antibody response in PfMSP1-19KD may explain why other allelic forms have not

  10. Arctic warming: nonlinear impacts of sea-ice and glacier melt on seabird foraging.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Grémillet, David; Fort, Jérôme; Amélineau, Françoise; Zakharova, Elena; Le Bot, Tangi; Sala, Enric; Gavrilo, Maria

    2015-03-01

    Arctic climate change has profound impacts on the cryosphere, notably via shrinking sea-ice cover and retreating glaciers, and it is essential to evaluate and forecast the ecological consequences of such changes. We studied zooplankton-feeding little auks (Alle alle), a key sentinel species of the Arctic, at their northernmost breeding site in Franz-Josef Land (80°N), Russian Arctic. We tested the hypothesis that little auks still benefit from pristine arctic environmental conditions in this remote area. To this end, we analysed remote sensing data on sea-ice and coastal glacier dynamics collected in our study area across 1979-2013. Further, we recorded little auk foraging behaviour using miniature electronic tags attached to the birds in the summer of 2013, and compared it with similar data collected at three localities across the Atlantic Arctic. We also compared current and historical data on Franz-Josef Land little auk diet, morphometrics and chick growth curves. Our analyses reveal that summer sea-ice retreated markedly during the last decade, leaving the Franz-Josef Land archipelago virtually sea-ice free each summer since 2005. This had a profound impact on little auk foraging, which lost their sea-ice-associated prey. Concomitantly, large coastal glaciers retreated rapidly, releasing large volumes of melt water. Zooplankton is stunned by cold and osmotic shock at the boundary between glacier melt and coastal waters, creating new foraging hotspots for little auks. Birds therefore switched from foraging at distant ice-edge localities, to highly profitable feeding at glacier melt-water fronts within <5 km of their breeding site. Through this behavioural plasticity, little auks maintained their chick growth rates, but showed a 4% decrease in adult body mass. Our study demonstrates that arctic cryosphere changes may have antagonistic ecological consequences on coastal trophic flow. Such nonlinear responses complicate modelling exercises of current and future

  11. ["Dr Breuer will care for him with utmost attention." A plan for Nietzsche's neuropathological treatment in Vienna].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Müller-Buck, Renate

    2007-01-01

    This essay is about a plan for the treatment of Friedrich Nietzsche by Josef Breuer in the spring of 1878. The plan was developed by Siegfried Lipiner, a philosphy student from Galicia and an admirer of Nietzsche, who was acquainted with Breuer as well as with Freud. Lipiner was convinced that Nietzsche could be treated by the Viennese specialists and tried his best to arrange this. However all his endeavors were frustrated by the opposition of Nietzsche's advisors in Basel, as well as his docters, and ultimately of Nietzsche himself who preferred the cold-water therapy in Baden-Baden.

  12. 恐怖主义与英雄主义

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    米兰·豪纳; 张子(译)

    2008-01-01

    65年前,即1942年5月27日,波西米亚和摩拉维亚这两个德国保护国的纳粹总督莱因哈德·海德里希(Reinhard Heydrich)光天化日之下在布拉格郊外被化装成平民的捷克斯洛伐克伞兵乔瑟夫·加布茨克(Josef Gabcik)和简·库比斯(Jan Kubis)杀死。

  13. Pionerer bag barbituraterne

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Norn, Svend; Permin, Henrik; Kruse, Edith

    2015-01-01

    was of great importance for the science of organic chemistry and the development of the dye and medicine industry in the late 19th century. The next important step was the development of barbiturates. The pioneers were Josef von Mering and Emil Fischer. Using the Grimaux-method they synthesized various...... as a sedative - and antiepileptic drug and chloral hydrate as sedative-hypnotics. A new era was reached by the introduction of barbiturates. The story started with the chemist Adolf von Baeyer. His breakthrough in the synthesis of new agents as barbituric acid and indigo and his education of young chemists...

  14. Eesti kirjanduse aastaauhinnad : [1993. - 1994.a.loomingu eest

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    1995-01-01

    Luule - Ene Mihkelson (luulekogu 'Hüüdja hääl'). Proosa - Emil Tode (romaan 'Piiririik'). Näitekirjandus - Madis Kõiv ('Tagasitulek isa juurde', 'Filosoofipäev'). Esseistika - Mati Unt ('Argimütoloogia sõnastik'). Laste- ja noorsookirjandus - Edgar Valter ('Pokuraamat'). Ilukirjanduslik tõlge võõrkeelest eesti keelde - Kalle Kasemaa (Amoz Ozi 'Kurja nõu mägi', David Shahari 'Suvi prohvetite tänaval' ja Shmuel Josef Agnoni 'Teine nägu'). Ilukirjanduslik tõlge eesti keelest võõrkeelde - Juhani Salokannel (Jaan Krossi 'Tabamatus' ja Emil Tode 'Piiririik')

  15. Národní buditel osvícený romantismem?

    OpenAIRE

    FRANTA, David

    2013-01-01

    The aim of the study is the analysis and the interpretation of three different texts (occasional poetry, heroic epic and a record of dream), which hade taken a form in the late 1820? and in the course of 1830?, by Josef Franta Šumavský (1796-1857). The interest of the literary criticism concentrates on expressing markers of the literary discourses (the tendencies of the enlightement, romanticism and biedermeier) in all of these texts to decode the idea of these texts, on the intertextuality o...

  16. Mapping Eastern Europe: Cartography and Art History

    OpenAIRE

    2013-01-01

    This paper compares maps of Eastern Europe, beginning from the map of Slavic lands by Josef Pavol Šafárik of 1842, and it claims that cartographic imagery has played a significant role in the legitimisation of the region’s collective identity. It argues that the adoption the map as a tool of art history, in order to spatialise and quantify the understanding of art, cannot bypass the postmodern critique of the map. It reflects on the overlap between the approaches and methods of critical carto...

  17. Habilitations à diriger des recherches

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    2007-04-01

    Full Text Available Pierre Corbin, Avec des dictionnaires pour compagnons.Habilitation à diriger des recherches soutenue le 24 novembre 2006.Composition du juryHenri Béjoint (Lyon 2Franz Josef Hausmann (Erlangen-NürnbergBenoît Habert (Paris 10Pierre Rézeau (CNRSMichel Roché (Toulouse 2Danièle Van de Velde (Lille 3, UMR STL, Directrice d'habilitation.Philippe Sabot, La philosophie, entre pratiques de lecture et pratiques d'écritureHabilitation à diriger des recherches soutenue le 24 novembre 2006.Compositio...

  18. Det sentimentalt moderne

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Thule Kristensen, Peter

    2005-01-01

    Romantikken er blevet afskrevet som en mørk epoke, hvor en hang til mystik og tvetydighed ikke passer til det moderne oplysningsprojekts mål om klarhed og orden. Afhendlingen viser imidlertid, hvordan dele af arkitekturen i det 20. århundrede er fyldt med romantisk tankegods, og hvordan romantisk...... nøglemotiver som f.eks. fragment, arabesk, krystal, symbol eller poesi kan bruges i en analyse - også af moderne arkitektur. det ses i bogens nyfortolkninger af værker og teorier hos arkitekterne Erik Gunnar Asplund, Josef Frank, Rudolf Schwarz, Aldo Rossi og Daniel Libeskind...

  19. Bibliografía

    OpenAIRE

    Mankeliunas, Mateo V.; Villar Gaviria, Álvaro

    2012-01-01

    Hilgard, Ernest R., Kubie, Lawrence 5., y Pumpian Mindlin, E.: EI psicoanálisis como ciencia. Ed. de la Universidad Autónoma de México. México, 1960. 262 pags / HAWLEY, Amos H.: Ecología humana. Ed. Tecnos, Madrid, 1962. 433 pags. / Revers, Wilhem Josef. Psicología del aburrimiento. Ed. Revista de Occidente, Madrid, 1958. 118 pags. / Bigge, Morris L. & Hunt, Maurice P. Psychological Foundations of Education. An Introduction to Human Development and Learning. New York 1962, XIII + 530 pags...

  20. Detection of the mutation may guide treatment of heart and muscle in Duchenne muscular dystrophy

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Finsterer J

    2016-03-01

    Full Text Available Josef Finsterer,1 Sinda Zarrouk-Mahjoub21Krankenanstalt Rudolfstiftung, Vienna, Austria; 2Genomics Platform, Pasteur Institute of Tunis, Tunis, Tunisia We read with great interest the article, by Kono et al, about a 32-year-old male with Duchenne muscular dystrophy (DMD, who was admitted for dilated cardiomyopathy manifesting as heart failure, left bundle branch block, Mobitz-II block, bradycardia, and arterial hypotension. He profited from implantation of a cardiac resynchronization therapy-D system with a defibrillator and beta-blocker treatment. View original article by Kono et al.  

  1. Bagatellid : maailm / Nele-Eva Steinfeld, Ivo Heinloo

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Steinfeld, Nele-Eva

    2011-01-01

    Muusikasõnumeid maailmast: 14. Tšaikovski nimelisest konkursist. Daniel Barenboim tõstetakse rüütliseisusesse. Orkestrist I, Culture Orchestra. Charles Dutoit plaanib luua Lõuna- ja Põhja-Koread ühendava orkestri. Lahkus Josef Suk. Seiji Ozawa pälvis Praemium Imperiale auhinna. Cardiffi lauljate konkursi võitis Valentina Nafornita. Lahkus Nikolai Petrov. Venetsueelas lööb laineid noor dirigent Jose Omar Davila. "Jazzkaare" täht Brass Jaw sai Suurbritannias suure tunnustuse osaliseks. Põhjamaade Nõukogu muusikaauhinna teenis Mats Gustafsson. Black Eyed Peas paneb pillid kotti. Kuuba kitarrist Manuel Galban surnud. Eesti on Tšehhi jazziraadio fookuses

  2. JPRS Report, Arms Control

    Science.gov (United States)

    2007-11-02

    highly toxic mycotoxins , which experts describe as particularly suited for acts of sabotage and terrorism, [passage omitted] A few aspects of how FRG...Saxonian city of Neustadt am Ruebengerge proved to be useful for the Iraqis in their search for mycotoxins . Josef Kuehn, 40, is doing all kinds of export...small. At a price of DM60,000 Iraq received 100 milligrams of HT-2 mycotoxin and over 100 milli- gram of T-2 mycotoxin . Kuehn now says he does not

  3. OPERATION ODESSA: THE FLIGHT OF NAZI WAR CRIMINALS TO LATIN AMERICA AFTER WORLD WAR II AND THE NAZI HUNTERS

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Marcos Eduardo Meinerz

    2013-06-01

    Full Text Available This article aims to analyze why Latin America, especially Argentina, was the region of the world that harbored the most Nazi war criminals—for example, Josef Mengele, Adolf Eichmann and Klaus Barbie—after World War II. It also aims to analyze how this fact has set the tone for the appearance of literary works about the fantastic adventures of “Nazi hunters” seeking the whereabouts of those individuals. For this purpose, in the first part of the article we will address Nazis’ escape to Latin America. Next, we analyze some literary works by authors who called themselves Nazi hunters.

  4. Diffusion tensor imaging in the characterization of multiple system atrophy

    OpenAIRE

    Rulseh AM; Keller J; Rusz J; Syka M; Brozova H; Rusina R; Havrankova P; Zarubova K; Malikova H; Jech R; Vymazal J

    2016-01-01

    Aaron Michael Rulseh,1–3 Jiri Keller,1,4 Jan Rusz,5,6 Michael Syka,1 Hana Brozova,6 Robert Rusina,6,7 Petra Havrankova,6 Katerina Zarubova,8 Hana Malikova,1 Robert Jech,6 Josef Vymazal1 1Department of Radiology, Na Homolce Hospital, Prague, Czech Republic; 2Department of Radiology, 1st Faculty of Medicine, General University Hospital, Charles University in Prague, Prague, Czech Republic; 3National Institute of Mental Health, Klecany, Czech Republic; 43rd Faculty of Medicine, Charle...

  5. Julius von Schlosser and the need to reminisce

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Karl Johns

    2009-12-01

    Full Text Available In the present essay of 1936, Julius Schlosser seems to have originated the term of ‘die Wiener Schule de Kunstgeschichte’. After surviving a period of exasperating rivalry with Josef Strzygowski, seeing so many colleagues go to their graves before completing their favorite projects, and possibly since Wilhelm Waetzoldt decided to omit Austrians from his Deutsche Kunsthistoriker, there were several reasons for a man of his age, experience and critical vigor to take stock of a development which seemed to be heading into an uncertain future.

  6. ‘ The Theoretical Eye’ translated by Anthony Auerbach

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Hubert Damisch

    2011-12-01

    Full Text Available In his article ‘L’œil théoricien’ (1988, written for the catalogue of an exhibition of works by Josef Albers (1888–1976, Hubert Damisch brought the complex of ideas elaborated in his major work on Renaissance painting to bear on the twentieth century. With reference, on the one hand, to psychoanalysis, and on the other hand to geometry, Damisch juxtaposes the enigma of Albers’ works with the logic of his method, hinting at an interpretation which, like L’origine de la perspective (1987, will borrow from Lacan, Wittgenstein and Merleau-Ponty. Translated from the French by Anthony Auerbach with augmented notes.

  7. 杨柳科普英语讲座(英文)

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2007-01-01

    Karel apek,a Czech writer coined the term "robot",or rather made it popular.He introduced and made popular the frequently used international word robot,which firstappeared in his play R.U.R.(Rossurrrs Universal Robots) in 1920.The true inventor of the termrobot was Karel’s brother Josef apek.The word robot comes from the word robota meaning "drudgery"(苦工),"work of a villein"(农奴) in literary Czech(捷克语) and "work","labor" in literary Slovak(斯洛伐克语).

  8. Air for learning. School of healthcare and nursing of Vienna; Luft zum Lernen. Gesundheits- und Krankenpflegeschule der Stadt Wien

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Lichtblau, Andreas; Wagner, Susanna [lichtblauwagner architekten, Vienna (Austria)

    2012-07-01

    Due to the generously and light volume of space, the self-regulating shading system as well as the energy efficient ventilation, the energy optimized school of healthcare and nursing of the Kaiser-Franz-Josef-Hospital (Vienna, Austria) provides significant innovative steps in school buildings. The heterogeneous space on offer as well as the four-story, open hall with a maximum natural lighting and acoustics, which is attuned to the classrooms, enable a learning and working in a friendly atmosphere. With the open space structure and the row of trees as a technical shading system the building upgrades the traffic-exposed environment.

  9. 木管乐器的维修家--黄文嘉%Huang Wenjia--The world top maintenance master of woodwind instrument

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2001-01-01

    @@ 黄文嘉先生是一位深得国内、外管乐演奏家广泛赞誉的台湾木管乐器维修大师.他曾在日本的Miyazawa Flute Muramatsu Flute Sakurai Flute Josef oboe Buffct Crampon Master Flute(东京);法国的Marigaux oboe Loree oboc Rigoutat oboe Buffet Crampon;德国的Schreiber Bassoon Wilhelm Heckel Bassoon;美国的Fox Bassoon…等许多知名管乐厂接受过系统培训.

  10. Bagatellid : maailm / Nele-Eva Steinfeld, Ivo Heinloo

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Steinfeld, Nele-Eva

    2011-01-01

    Muusikasõnumeid maailmast: 14. Tšaikovski nimelisest konkursist. Daniel Barenboim tõstetakse rüütliseisusesse. Orkestrist I, Culture Orchestra. Charles Dutoit plaanib luua Lõuna- ja Põhja-Koread ühendava orkestri. Lahkus Josef Suk. Seiji Ozawa pälvis Praemium Imperiale auhinna. Cardiffi lauljate konkursi võitis Valentina Nafornita. Lahkus Nikolai Petrov. Venetsueelas lööb laineid noor dirigent Jose Omar Davila. "Jazzkaare" täht Brass Jaw sai Suurbritannias suure tunnustuse osaliseks. Põhjamaade Nõukogu muusikaauhinna teenis Mats Gustafsson. Black Eyed Peas paneb pillid kotti. Kuuba kitarrist Manuel Galban surnud. Eesti on Tšehhi jazziraadio fookuses

  11. THE PRAGMATICS OF SEMIOSIS IN THE POEM «A MAN FALLING ASLEEP ALONE…» BY JOSEPH BRODSKY

    OpenAIRE

    Anna Majmeskulov; Aleksandr Shaikin

    2016-01-01

    The article regards the pragmatics of semiosis according to the semiotic tradition of Charles Peirce and Umberto Eco as a cooperation of the reader and the author on the basis of interpretative strategy expressed in the sign structure of the text.The poem «A man falling asleep alone» by Josef Brodsky (1965) describes a man who suffers due to separation with his beloved. The analysis regards the text of the poem as postmodern, having rhizomatic branching structure and non-linear narrative. It ...

  12. 贝加莱工业自动化(上海)有限公司

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2008-01-01

    贝加莱(B&R)是一家自动化技术领域的全球性领导厂商,总部位于奥地利Eggelsberg,于1979年由Erwin Bernecker先生和Josef Rainer先生共同创建。创新的信念伴随贝加莱不断成长,并引领技术发展的潮流。今天的贝加莱已经在全球55个国家设立了分支机构,拥有140个办事处。

  13. Review of Shipwreck at Cape Flora: the expeditions of Benjamin Leigh Smith, England’s forgotten Arctic explorer, by P. J. Capelotti

    OpenAIRE

    Barr, Susan

    2013-01-01

    Research for this biography has taken the author from the United States to various parts of the United Kingdom and to Franz Josef Land, as well as drawing on his field experiences from Svalbard. His thoroughness in digging up material has produced a detailed account of the rather amazing life of the British eccentric Benjamin Leigh Smith.(Published: 12 September 2013)Citation: Polar Research 2013, 32, 22576, http://dx.doi.org/10.3402/polar.v32i0.22576

  14. Intraoperative Komplikationen und mittelfristige Ergebnisse bei mikrochriurgischer Bandscheibenoperation und deren Abhängigkeit von der Erfahrung des Operateurs

    OpenAIRE

    Zahedi, André-Ramin

    2001-01-01

    Aus verschiedenen Gebieten der Medizin wird eine Abhängigkeit des Erfolgs von der Erfahrung des Operateurs beschrieben (McARDLE91, HUGES91, LAFFEL92). Für diese Untersuchung wurden 463 Patienten, die von 1991-1996 in der orthopäd. Uniklinik im St. Josef-Hospital Bochum operiert wurden nachuntersucht. Dabei wurden die periop. Komplikationen und die mittelfristigen Ergebnisse (2,5 Jahre postop.) des erfahrensten Operateurs (A n=248) mit denen der erfahrenen Operateure (B n=204) verg...

  15. Chapter 2. The historical geography of an archipelago of polar explorers

    OpenAIRE

    Capelotti, P. J.

    2015-01-01

    An outline of the rationale for a workshop, held in Oslo, Norway, from 12-13 May 2015, to discuss the historic place names of the High Arctic archipelago of Franz Josef Land. The islands contain hundreds of place names that amount to a virtual catalog of polar exploration and explorers of the mid- to late-19th Century. As an example, three American expeditions spent seven years there between 1898-1905, in failed attempts to try to reach the geographic North Pole. However, in the process, they...

  16. Почему выгодно быть зарубежным писателем? / Елена Скульская

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Скульская, Елена, 1950-

    2009-01-01

    Eesti Kultuurkapitali venekeelse autori kirjandusauhinna said Tatjana Kašneva (Zolotova) mälestusteraamatu "Земная коротка наша память..." (kirj. Aleksandra) ja Josef Kats kultuuriloolise teose "Старый Таллинн : четыре времени города" (КПД) eest

  17. Названы лауреаты литературной премии Эстонии / Ксения Репсон, Андрей Бабин

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Репсон, Ксения

    2009-01-01

    Eesti Kultuurkapitali venekeelse autori kirjandusauhinna said Tatjana Kašneva (Zolotova) mälestusteraamatu "Земная коротка наша память..." (kirj. Aleksandra) ja Josef Kats kultuuriloolise teose "Старый Таллинн : четыре времени города" (КПД) eest

  18. Directory of Czechoslovak Officials; a Reference Aid

    Science.gov (United States)

    1988-07-14

    Mirosiav Oct 87 Cizmarikova, Klaudia Oct 87 Cupal. Ivan Feb 87 Durica, Jozef. KS5. Oct 79 22 Nov 49 Dvorsky, Jozef Mar 86 Elias , Vratislav Oct 87 Entlerova...Director Boriscak. Tomas, C’o. Apr 97 > Youth Department *Director Elias , Vratislav Nov 87 Western Military District (Headquarters in Tabor) CFb8...8217Postlova. Jiika Kotad Jan&K Pozar, Norbert A’S’? olova.d ari Prehal. Josef9 Kozak, Bohumil: .’S’L Prihyl.c F rsk:K.’( Kozak, Frantisek Pooe.Jrsa Jsratkil

  19. Dr Reginald Koettlitz (1860-1916): Arctic and Antarctic explorer.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Guly, Henry

    2012-11-01

    Reginald Koettlitz was born in Ostend but moved to England as a child and qualified at Guy's Hospital. He was a general practitioner in County Durham for eight years before serving as doctor and geologist to the Jackson-Harmsworth Expedition to Franz-Josef Land in 1894-97. Thereafter he made further expeditions to Somaliland, Abyssinia and the Amazon before joining Captain Scott's Discovery Expedition to the Antarctic in 1901-04 as surgeon and botanist. After the expedition he emigrated to South Africa, where he worked as a general practitioner, dying in 1916.

  20. E. B. Baldwin and the American–Norwegian discovery and exploration of Graham Bell Island, 1899

    OpenAIRE

    Capelotti, P. J.

    2006-01-01

    This next paper in Polar Research’s series of not-formallyreviewed biographical/historical articles comes to us from anthropologist Pete Capelotti, who specializes in the history of exploration. In 1993, he conducted archaeological research on the base camps of the Andrée and Wellman polar balloon expeditions at Virgohamna, Danskøya, Svalbard. In this account of Walter Wellman’s attempt to reach the North Pole from Franz Josef Land in 1898–99, he examines the lone success in that effort, when...

  1. Chromosomal and Genetic Analysis of a Human Lung Adenocarcinoma Cell Line OM

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Yong-Wu Li; Lin Bai; Lyu-Xia Dai; Xu He; Xian-Ping Zhou

    2016-01-01

    Background: Lung cancer has become the leading cause of death in many regions.Carcinogenesis is caused by the stepwise accumulation of genetic and chromosomal changes.The aim of this study was to investigate the chromosome and gene alterations in the human lung adenocarcinoma cell line OM.Methods: We used Giemsa banding and multiplex fluorescence in situ hybridization focusing on the human lung adenocarcinoma cell line OM to analyze its chromosome alterations.In addition, the gains and losses in the specific chromosome regions were identified by comparative genomic hybridization (CGH) and the amplifications of cancer-related genes were also detected by polymerase chain reaction (PCR).Results: We identified a large number of chromosomal numerical alterations on all chromosomes except chromosome X and 19.Chromosome 10 is the most frequently involved in translocations with six different interchromosomal translocations.CGH revealed the gains on chromosome regions of 3q25.3-28, 5p13, 12q22-23.24, and the losses on 3p25-26, 6p25, 6q26-27, 7q34-36, 8p22-23, 9p21-24, 10q25-26.3, 12p 13.31-13.33 and 17p 13.1-13.3.And PCR showed the amplification of genes: Membrane metalloendopeptidase (MME), sucrase-isomaltase (SI), butyrylcholinesterase (BCHE), and kininogen (KNG).Conclusions: The lung adenocarcinoma cell line OM exhibited multiple complex karyotypes, and chromosome 10 was frequently involved in chromosomal translocation, which may play key roles in tumorigenesis.We speculated that the oncogenes may be located at 3q25.3-28, 5p13, 12q22-23.24, while tumor suppressor genes may exist in 3p25-26, 6p25, 6q26-27, 7q34-36, 8p22-23, 9p21-24, 10q25-26.3, 12p 13.31-13.33, and 17p 13.1-13.3.Moreover, at least four genes (MME, SI, BCHE, and KNG) may be involved in the human lung adenocarcinoma cell line OM.

  2. Investigation into the effects of antioxidant-rich extract of Tamarindus indica leaf on antioxidant enzyme activities, oxidative stress and gene expression profiles in HepG2 cells

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Nurhanani Razali

    2015-10-01

    Full Text Available The leaf extract of Tamarindus indica L. (T. indica had been reported to possess high phenolic content and showed high antioxidant activities. In this study, the effects of the antioxidant-rich leaf extract of the T. indica on lipid peroxidation, antioxidant enzyme activities, H2O2-induced ROS production and gene expression patterns were investigated in liver HepG2 cells. Lipid peroxidation and ROS production were inhibited and the activity of antioxidant enzymes superoxide dismutase, catalase and glutathione peroxidase was enhanced when the cells were treated with the antioxidant-rich leaf extract. cDNA microarray analysis revealed that 207 genes were significantly regulated by at least 1.5-fold (p < 0.05 in cells treated with the antioxidant-rich leaf extract. The expression of KNG1, SERPINC1, SERPIND1, SERPINE1, FGG, FGA, MVK, DHCR24, CYP24A1, ALDH6A1, EPHX1 and LEAP2 were amongst the highly regulated. When the significantly regulated genes were analyzed using Ingenuity Pathway Analysis software, “Lipid Metabolism, Small Molecule Biochemistry, Hematological Disease” was the top biological network affected by the leaf extract, with a score of 36. The top predicted canonical pathway affected by the leaf extract was the coagulation system (P < 2.80 × 10−6 followed by the superpathway of cholesterol biosynthesis (P < 2.17 × 10−4, intrinsic prothrombin pathway (P < 2.92 × 10−4, Immune Protection/Antimicrobial Response (P < 2.28 × 10−3 and xenobiotic metabolism signaling (P < 2.41 × 10−3. The antioxidant-rich leaf extract of T. indica also altered the expression of proteins that are involved in the Coagulation System and the Intrinsic Prothrombin Activation Pathway (KNG1, SERPINE1, FGG, Superpathway of Cholesterol Biosynthesis (MVK, Immune protection/antimicrobial response (IFNGR1, LEAP2, ANXA3 and MX1 and Xenobiotic Metabolism Signaling (ALDH6A1, ADH6. In conclusion, the antioxidant-rich leaf extract of T. indica inhibited lipid

  3. Bayesian Variable Selection and Computation for Generalized Linear Models with Conjugate Priors.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Chen, Ming-Hui; Huang, Lan; Ibrahim, Joseph G; Kim, Sungduk

    2008-07-01

    In this paper, we consider theoretical and computational connections between six popular methods for variable subset selection in generalized linear models (GLM's). Under the conjugate priors developed by Chen and Ibrahim (2003) for the generalized linear model, we obtain closed form analytic relationships between the Bayes factor (posterior model probability), the Conditional Predictive Ordinate (CPO), the L measure, the Deviance Information Criterion (DIC), the Aikiake Information Criterion (AIC), and the Bayesian Information Criterion (BIC) in the case of the linear model. Moreover, we examine computational relationships in the model space for these Bayesian methods for an arbitrary GLM under conjugate priors as well as examine the performance of the conjugate priors of Chen and Ibrahim (2003) in Bayesian variable selection. Specifically, we show that once Markov chain Monte Carlo (MCMC) samples are obtained from the full model, the four Bayesian criteria can be simultaneously computed for all possible subset models in the model space. We illustrate our new methodology with a simulation study and a real dataset.

  4. ATLAS welcomes a new Palestinian student

    CERN Multimedia

    Antonella Del Rosso

    2014-01-01

    Mahmoud Ibrahim Alstaty, from near Jenin, is starting a PhD studentship at CERN, where he will be working on the new inner layer of the ATLAS pixel detector. He joins a growing number of other Palestinian researchers who are working at CERN.   Mahmoud Ibrahim Alstaty. Mahmoud Alstaty's PhD scholarship is supported by the Sharing Knowledge Foundation. In 2013, Robert Klapisch, president of the foundation and former Director of Research at CERN, signed a framework agreement with CERN to open the Doctoral Student programme to countries from the Middle East and North Africa (MENA). Mahmoud is the second student to benefit from such an opportunity, following Mohamed Gouighri from Morocco. “Mahmoud will work on the ATLAS experiment on the commissioning and performance of the new inner layer of the pixel detector (IBL) and on the search for new physics, including leptons in the final state, under the supervision of Fares Djama and myself”, says Pascal Pralavorio from Cen...

  5. Qu'est que Lila dit? Construyendo Europa

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Susana Torrado Morales

    2008-01-01

    Full Text Available En este momento, Europa se encuentra inmersa en el proceso de construcción de lo que algunos llaman “alma europea”, otros “sueño europeo”, y que podemos identificar, de forma más directa, con una “identidad europea”. Una “identidad europea” definida como “…aquellos valores que los europeos comparten y que otras partes del mundo admiran”. Pero, ¿realmente existen esos valores comunes?, ¿se muestran en el cine europeo?, ¿se aprecian en películas como Lila dit ça, Monsieur Ibrahim et les fleurs du Coran o Solino? In this moment, Europe is involved in the process of making up a “European soul”, also called “European identity”. The definition of European identity is: “... those Values than European People share and other countries admire”. But, really this values exist? And, if it was the case, we can find it in the European Cinema? In films as Lila dit ça, Monsieur Ibrahim et les fleurs du Coran or Solino?

  6. Modeling Glacier Elevation Change from DEM Time Series

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Di Wang

    2015-08-01

    Full Text Available In this study, a methodology for glacier elevation reconstruction from Digital Elevation Model (DEM time series (tDEM is described for modeling the evolution of glacier elevation and estimating related volume change, with focus on medium-resolution and noisy satellite DEMs. The method is robust with respect to outliers in individual DEM products. Fox Glacier and Franz Josef Glacier in New Zealand are used as test cases based on 31 Advanced Spaceborne Thermal Emission and Reflection Radiometer (ASTER DEMs and the Shuttle Radar Topography Mission (SRTM DEM. We obtained a mean surface elevation lowering rate of −0.51 ± 0.02 m·a−1 and −0.09 ± 0.02 m·a−1 between 2000 and 2014 for Fox and Franz Josef Glacier, respectively. The specific volume difference between 2000 and 2014 was estimated as −0.77 ± 0.13 m·a−1 and −0.33 ± 0.06 m·a−1 by our tDEM method. The comparably moderate thinning rates are mainly due to volume gains after 2013 that compensate larger thinning rates earlier in the series. Terminus thickening prevailed between 2002 and 2007.

  7. Reseñas

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Comité Editorial

    1987-06-01

    Full Text Available Alarcón, R. (1986, Psicología, pobreza y subdesarrollo, Lima, Instituto Nacional de Investigación y Desarrollo de la Educación, 153 pgs. León, F.R., editor (1986, Psicología y realidad peruana. El aporte objetivo, Lima, Mosca Azul Editores, 298 pgs. Bittner, G., ed. (1983. PersonaJe PsychoJogie. Beitrage zur Geschichte, Theorie und Therapie. Festschrift für Ludwig J. Pongratz (Psicología personal. Contribuciones acerca de la historia, la teoría y la terapia. Escritos en honor de Ludwig J. Pongratz. Gottinga - Toronto - Zürich: Verlag für Psychologie. Dr. C. ]. Hogrefe, XII - 437 pgs. Carpintero, H. & Peiró, J.M. (dirs. (1984, La psicología en su contexto histórico. Ensayos en honor del Prof. Josef Brozek - Essays in honour Prof. Josef Brozek. Psychology in its historical context. Valencia: Monografías de la Revista de Historia de la Psicología, 396 pgs. Thomae, H. (1985, Dynamik des menschlichen Handelns. Ausgewahlte Schriften zur Psychologie 1944 - 1984 (La dinámica de la acción humana. Escritos selectos sobre psicología 1944 - 1984 . editado por Ursula M. Lehr & Franz E. Weinert. Bonn: Bouvier Verlag Herbert Grundmann, XIV - 432 pgs.

  8. Rencontres de Moriond EW 2012: Theorists disprove one claim against DAMA/LIBRA

    CERN Multimedia

    Pauline Gagnon

    2012-01-01

    Josef Pradler, a theorist from the Perimeter Institute in Canada presented today at the Moriond conference new calculations that could disprove the main criticism of the DAMA oscillation data: the phenomenon cannot be produced by cosmic muons.   For more than 13 annual cycles, the DAMA experiment has been accumulating data in the Gran Sasso laboratory, looking for signs of dark matter. The ~250 kg NaI detector has revealed a 8-sigma modulated signal that stands unchallenged. Lately, though, several people have questioned the results, suggesting that the observed modulation could be due to cosmic muons. Josef Pradler and his colleagues Spencer Chang (University of Oregon) and Itay Yavin (McMaster University and Perimeter Institute) just published a new analysis that shows in fact that the DAMA/LIBRA data is inconsistent with the cosmic muon hypothesis with 99% CL. They compared the amplitude, phase, spectral power and correlation of cosmic muon data taken with the LVD (Large Volume Detector) exp...

  9. 水稻基腐病菌HrpX/HrpY在致病性中的功能分析%Functional Analysis of HrpX/HrpY in Dickeya zeae Virulence

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    陈雪凤; 魏楚丹; 张庆; 刘琼光

    2014-01-01

    [Objective]Rice bacterial foot rot caused by Dickeya zeae is one of the important bacterial diseases on rice. The virulence and regulation mechanism of D. zeae are imperfect at present. This paper aims to analyze the sequence characteristics of HrpX/HrpY, a two-component regulatory system (TCS) in D. zeae, and study on the roles of this system in D. zeae virulence and the relationships between HrpX/HrpY and its downstream genes.[Method]The sequences of HrpX/HrpY were analyzed by bioinformatics, a suicide recombinant plasmids pKNG-ΔhrpX and pKNG-ΔhrpY with reverse selection marker gene scaB were constructed, then transferred into wild strain EC1, respectively, by triparental mating, so the gene deletion mutantsΔhrpX andΔhrpY were constructed after two alleles homologous recombination screening. The biological characteristics such as growth rate, extracellular enzyme, toxin, motility, biofilm, virulence on rice and HR on tobacco were compared and analyzed. In addition, bacterial total RNA was extracted, and real-time quantitative PCR was carried out so as to assess the expression of downstream genes of HrpX/HrpY.[Result]In the genome of D. zeae strain EC1, hrpX and hrpY were single copy. The coding region of hrpX was 1 473 bp, which encoding 490 amino acids, while hrpY with the size of 642 bp encodes 213 amino acids. There were only 32 base pairs between hrpX and hrpY. They were in the same transcriptional direction, and had functional relationship. HrpX was a histidine protein kinase combined with the bacterial membrane and HrpY was a response regulator in the cytoplasm. They constitute a two-component system and regulate the downstream genes expression of hrp. Further by genetic manipulation, two gene deletion mutants ΔhrpX and ΔhrpY were constructed successfully. The results of phenotypic determination showed thatΔhrpX andΔhrpY lost motility, could not form pellicle (biofilm), weakened the inhibitory effect on rice and seed germination. Furthermore

  10. A multidimensional integration analysis reveals potential bridging targets in the process of colorectal cancer liver metastasis.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gao, Bo; Yu, Tian; Xue, Dongbo; Sun, Boshi; Shao, Qin; Choudhry, Hani; Marcus, Victoria; Ragoussis, Jiannis; Zhang, Yuguo; Zhang, Weihui; Gao, Zu-Hua

    2017-01-01

    Approximately 9% of cancer-related deaths are caused by colorectal cancer. Liver metastasis is a major factor for the high colorectal cancer mortality rate. However, the molecular mechanism underlying colorectal cancer liver metastasis remains unclear. Using a global and multidimensional integration approach, we studied sequencing data, protein-protein interactions, and regulation of transcription factor and non-coding RNAs in primary tumor samples and liver metastasis samples to unveil the potential bridging molecules and the regulators that functionally link different stages of colorectal cancer liver metastasis. Primary tumor samples and liver metastasis samples had modules with significant overlap and crosstalk from which we identified several bridging genes (e.g. KNG1 and COX5B), transcription factors (e.g. E2F4 and CDX2), microRNAs (e.g. miR-590-3p and miR-203) and lncRNAs (e.g. lincIRX5 and lincFOXF1) that may play an important role in the process of colorectal cancer liver metastasis. This study enhances our understanding of the genetic alterations and transcriptional regulation that drive the metastatic process, but also provides the methodology to guide the studies on other metastatic cancers.

  11. Bleaching of soda pulp of fibres of Musa textilis nee (abaca) with peracetic acid.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Jiménez, L; Ramos, E; De la Torre, M J; Pérez, I; Ferrer, J L

    2008-03-01

    In this work, we studied the influence of operational variables in the bleaching of soda pulp of Musa textilis nee (abaca) [viz. temperature (55-85 degrees C), bleaching time (30-150 min) and peracetic acid concentration oven dry pulp (0.5-4.5%)] on the kappa number and viscosity of the bleached pulp, as well as on the breaking length, burst index and brightness of paper sheets made from it. For this purpose, we used a central composite factorial design in order to identify the optimum operating conditions. In this way equations relating the dependent variables to the operational variables of the bleaching process were derived. These equations reproduce the dependent variables with errors less than 12% for all, except the viscosity which was predicted with errors less than 18%. Obtaining bleached pulp with the highest possible viscosity (1519 ml/g), and paper sheets with the maximum possible breaking length (6547 m) and burst index (5.00 kN/g), entails using a temperature of 55 degrees C, a peracetic acid concentration of 4.5% and a bleaching time of 150 min. This provides a brightness of 79.90%, which is only 6.53% lower than the maximum possible value (85.48%).

  12. The Extreme Anterior Domain Is an Essential Craniofacial Organizer Acting through Kinin-Kallikrein Signaling

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Laura Jacox

    2014-07-01

    Full Text Available The extreme anterior domain (EAD is a conserved embryonic region that includes the presumptive mouth. We show that the Kinin-Kallikrein pathway is active in the EAD and necessary for craniofacial development in Xenopus and zebrafish. The mouth failed to form and neural crest (NC development and migration was abnormal after loss of function (LOF in the pathway genes kng, encoding Bradykinin (xBdk, carboxypeptidase-N (cpn, which cleaves Bradykinin, and neuronal nitric oxide synthase (nNOS. Consistent with a role for nitric oxide (NO in face formation, endogenous NO levels declined after LOF in pathway genes, but these were restored and a normal face formed after medial implantation of xBdk-beads into LOF embryos. Facial transplants demonstrated that Cpn function from within the EAD is necessary for the migration of first arch cranial NC into the face and for promoting mouth opening. The study identifies the EAD as an essential craniofacial organizer acting through Kinin-Kallikrein signaling.

  13. Peptidomic Identification of Serum Peptides Diagnosing Preeclampsia.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Qiaojun Wen

    Full Text Available We sought to identify serological markers capable of diagnosing preeclampsia (PE. We performed serum peptide analysis (liquid chromatography mass spectrometry of 62 unique samples from 31 PE patients and 31 healthy pregnant controls, with two-thirds used as a training set and the other third as a testing set. Differential serum peptide profiling identified 52 significant serum peptides, and a 19-peptide panel collectively discriminating PE in training sets (n = 21 PE, n = 21 control; specificity = 85.7% and sensitivity = 100% and testing sets (n = 10 PE, n = 10 control; specificity = 80% and sensitivity = 100%. The panel peptides were derived from 6 different protein precursors: 13 from fibrinogen alpha (FGA, 1 from alpha-1-antitrypsin (A1AT, 1 from apolipoprotein L1 (APO-L1, 1 from inter-alpha-trypsin inhibitor heavy chain H4 (ITIH4, 2 from kininogen-1 (KNG1, and 1 from thymosin beta-4 (TMSB4. We concluded that serum peptides can accurately discriminate active PE. Measurement of a 19-peptide panel could be performed quickly and in a quantitative mass spectrometric platform available in clinical laboratories. This serum peptide panel quantification could provide clinical utility in predicting PE or differential diagnosis of PE from confounding chronic hypertension.

  14. Productivity benefits of minimally invasive surgery in patients with chronic sacroiliac joint dysfunction

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Saavoss JD

    2016-04-01

    Full Text Available Josh D Saavoss,1 Lane Koenig,1 Daniel J Cher2 1KNG Health Consulting, LLC, Rockville, MD, 2SI-BONE, Inc., San Jose, CA, USA Introduction: Sacroiliac joint (SIJ dysfunction is associated with a marked decrease in quality of life. Increasing evidence supports minimally invasive SIJ fusion as a safe and effective procedure for the treatment of chronic SIJ dysfunction. The impact of SIJ fusion on worker productivity is not known. Methods: Regression modeling using data from the National Health Interview Survey was applied to determine the relationship between responses to selected interview questions related to function and economic outcomes. Regression coefficients were then applied to prospectively collected, individual patient data in a randomized trial of SIJ fusion (INSITE, NCT01681004 to estimate expected differences in economic outcomes across treatments. Results: Patients who receive SIJ fusion using iFuse Implant System® have an expected increase in the probability of working of 16% (95% confidence interval [CI] 11%–21% relative to nonsurgical patients. The expected change in earnings across groups was US $3,128 (not statistically significant. Combining the two metrics, the annual increase in worker productivity given surgical vs nonsurgical care was $6,924 (95% CI $1,890–$11,945. Conclusion: For employees with chronic, severe SIJ dysfunction, minimally invasive SIJ fusion may improve worker productivity compared to nonsurgical treatment. Keywords: sacroiliac joint fusion, low back pain, sacroiliac joint pain, clinical trial, health care costs, indirect costs

  15. 脂肽类生物表面活性剂在皂洗中的应用%Application of Lipopeptide Biosurfactants in Soaping

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    吴建国; 王岚

    2011-01-01

    Lipopeptide biosurfactants have the characteristic of low toxicity and no pollution.First reactive yellow KD-3G and reactive blue KN-G were used to dye cotton fabrics,then lipopeptide biosurfactants were used to soap as soaping agent.The results of experi%脂肽类生物表面活性剂具有低毒、无污染的特性。本实验用活性黄KD-3G和活性蓝KN-G对棉织物染色,用脂肽类生物表面活性剂作为皂洗剂进行皂洗实验。实验表明,其皂洗效果和防沾色能力优于常规皂洗剂,最优工艺为:脂肽皂洗液质量浓度为0.10 g/L,pH值为9,浴比1∶30,活性黄KD-3G为80℃皂洗20 min,活性蓝KN-G为90℃皂洗30 min。

  16. Characterization of vine shoots, cotton stalks, Leucaena leucocephala and Chamaecytisus proliferus, and of their ethyleneglycol pulps.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Jiménez, Luis; Pérez, Antonio; de la Torre, María Jesús; Moral, Ana; Serrano, Luis

    2007-12-01

    We characterized vine shoots, cotton stalks, Leucaena leucocephala and Chamaecytisus proliferus as pulping raw materials and found C. proliferus and cotton stalks to be the best for the intended purpose on the grounds of their increased contents in holocellulose (79.73% and 72.86%) and alpha-cellulose (45.37% and 58.48%), and their decreased contents in ethanol-benzene extractables (2.64% and 1.42%), hot water solubles (2.79% and 3.33%) and 1% soda solubles (16.67% and 20.34%). These properties resulted in increased pulp yields and hence in efficient use of these two types of raw material. The previous raw materials were pulped by using an ethyleneglycol concentration of 65% at 180 degrees C for 75min, followed by beating at 1500 revolutions in a PFI refiner. The paper sheets obtained were characterized and those from C. proliferus found to be the best overall as they exhibited an increased breaking length (4644m), stretch (2.87%), burst index (2.46kN/g) tear index (0.33mNm(2)/g) and brightness (49.92% ISO); in addition C. proliferus pulp was obtained with a high-yield (62.88%). On the other hand, vine shoots provided the poorest results among the studied raw materials.

  17. EIF4A2 is a positional candidate gene at the 3q27 locus linked to type 2 diabetes in French families

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Cheyssac, Claire; Dina, Christian; Leprêtre, Frédéric

    2006-01-01

    .01 at D3S3686, P = 0.0001) was identified in a set of French families. To assess genetic variation underlying both age-of-onset QTL and our previous type 2 diabetes linkage in a 3.87-Mb interval, we explored 36 single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) in two biologically relevant candidate genes for glucose...... homeostasis, kininogen (KNG1), and eukaryotic translation initiation factor 4alpha2 (EIF4A2). Analysis of 148 families showed significant association of a frequent SNP, rs266714, located 2.47 kb upstream of EIF4A2, with familial type 2 diabetes (family-based association test, P = 0.0008) and early age...... of onset (P = 0.0008). This SNP also contributes to both age-of-onset QTL (1.13 LOD score decrease P = 0.02) and type 2 diabetes linkage (genotype identical-by-descent sharing test, P = 0.02). However, no association was observed in three independent European diabetic cohorts. EIF4A2 controls specific m...

  18. Potential biomarkers for Turner in maternal plasma: possibility for noninvasive prenatal diagnosis.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kolialexi, Aggeliki; Anagnostopoulos, Athanasios K; Papantoniou, Nikos; Vougas, Konstantinos; Antsaklis, Aris; Fountoulakis, Michael; Mavrou, Ariadni; Tsangaris, George Th

    2010-10-01

    Turner syndrome (TS) is the most common sex chromosome abnormality in females, caused by the complete or partial absence of one X chromosome. To identify biomarkers for TS, we compared the protein composition of maternal plasma samples from pregnant women with normal and TS fetuses, using a proteomic approach consisting of 2D-E separation and MS analysis for the identification of the differentially expressed proteins. Samples were routinely obtained in the second trimester of pregnancy, stored, and used after prenatal determination of the fetal karyotype. Nine proteins (C1S, CO3, CLUS, AFAM, HABP2, IGHA1, HPT, SHBG, and CD5L) were significantly increased in the plasma of women carrying TS fetuses, whereas KNG1, IGJ, and TTHY were decreased. Identified proteins were further evaluated by immunoblot analysis while functional network association was carried out to asses significance. The identification of specific biomarkers may facilitate the development of noninvasive prenatal diagnosis and improve our understanding of the pathology of TS. Nevertheless, testing a larger cohort of pregnant women is necessary to evaluate the relevance of the reported findings.

  19. Evaluation of Damping Using Time Domain OMA Techniques

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Bajric, Anela; Brincker, Rune; Georgakis, Christos T.

    2014-01-01

    . In this paper a comparison is made of the effectiveness of three existing OMA techniques in providing accurate damping estimates for varying loadings, levels of noise, number of added measurement channels and structural damping. The evaluated techniques are derived in the time domain and are namely the Ibrahim...... Time Domain (ITD), Eigenvalue Realization Algorithm (ERA) and the Polyreference Time Domain (PTD). The response of a two degree-of-freedom (2DOF) system is numerically established from specified modal parameters with well separated and closely spaced modes. Two types of response are considered, free...... response and random response from white noise loading. Finally, the results of the numerical study are presented, in which the error of the structural damping estimates obtained by each OMA technique is shown for a range of damping levels. From this, it is clear that there are notable differences...

  20. Survey data on key climate and environmental drivers of farmers’ migration in Burkina Faso, West Africa

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Safiétou Sanfo

    2016-12-01

    Full Text Available This article describes two datasets generated from various sources in south western Burkina Faso to identify the key climate and environmental drivers that cause farmers to migrate. The survey sampling is random but reasoned and rational. The first dataset from 367 farm households1 1 100 interviewed households, and 10 Focus Group Discussions comprising 267 farmers. contains data on farmers’ perception of climate change risks or hazards, their impacts on farmland productivity and farm households’ risk management strategies. The second dataset from 58 farm households contains data on agricultural practices, environmental changes, and environmental migration. Three supplemental Excel sheets show the results of the surveys. Details on the sample as well as further interpretation and discussion of the surveys are available in the associated research article (‘Field Facts for Crop Insurance Design: Empirical Evidence from South Western Burkina Faso’ (W. M. Fonta, S. Sanfo, B. Ibrahim, B. Barry, 2015 [1].

  1. Survey data on key climate and environmental drivers of farmers' migration in Burkina Faso, West Africa.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sanfo, Safiétou; Fonta, M William; Boubacar, Ibrahim; Lamers, P A John

    2016-12-01

    This article describes two datasets generated from various sources in south western Burkina Faso to identify the key climate and environmental drivers that cause farmers to migrate. The survey sampling is random but reasoned and rational. The first dataset from 367 farm households contains data on farmers' perception of climate change risks or hazards, their impacts on farmland productivity and farm households' risk management strategies. The second dataset from 58 farm households contains data on agricultural practices, environmental changes, and environmental migration. Three supplemental Excel sheets show the results of the surveys. Details on the sample as well as further interpretation and discussion of the surveys are available in the associated research article ('Field Facts for Crop Insurance Design: Empirical Evidence from South Western Burkina Faso' (W. M. Fonta, S. Sanfo, B. Ibrahim, B. Barry, 2015) [1]).

  2. Modal Indicators for Operational Modal Identification

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Zhang, L.; Brincker, Rune; Andersen, P.

    2001-01-01

    Modal validation is of paramount importance for all two-stage time domain modal identification algorithms. However, due to a higher noise/signal ratio in operational/ambient modal analysis, being able to determine the right model order and to distinguish between structural modes and computational...... modes become more significant than in traditional modal analysis. The two major modal indicators, i.e. Modal Confidence Factor (MCF) and Modal Amplitude Coherence (MAmC) are extended to two-stage time domain modal identification algorithms, together with a newly developed indicator, named as Modal...... Participation Indicator (MPI). The application of the three indicators is illustrated on different cases of operational/ambient modal identification. Three major time domain modal identification algorithms are used the Polyreference Complex Exponential (PRCE), Extended Ibrahim Time Domain (EITD), Eigensystem...

  3. The Citizen Cyberscience Lectures - 1) Mobile phones and Africa: a success story 2) Citizen Problem Solving

    CERN Document Server

    CERN. Geneva; Bingham, Alpheus

    2009-01-01

    Dr. Alpheus Bingham, InnoCentive The Citizen Cyberscience Lectures are hosted by the partners of the Citizen Cyberscience Centre, CERN, The UN Institute of Training and Research and the University of Geneva. The goal of the Lectures is to provide an inspirational forum for participants from the various international organizations and academic institutions in Geneva to explore how information technology is enabling greater citizen participation in tackling global development challenges as well as global scientific research. The first Citizen Cyberscience Lectures will welcome two speakers who have both made major innovative contributions in this area. Dr. Mo Ibrahim, founder of Celtel International, one of Africa’s most successful mobile network operators, will talk about “Mobile phones and Africa: a success story”. Dr. Alpheus Bingham, founder of InnoCentive, a Web-based community that solves indus...

  4. THE CORRELATION AMONG ATTITUDE, MOTIVATION AND SPEAKING ACHIEVEMENT OF COLLEGE STUDENTS ACROSS PERSONALITY FACTORS

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Siti Lailatul Khoiriyah

    2016-05-01

    Full Text Available Considering the important of understanding about the attitude, motivation and the personality of the students in the English learning process, this research is aimed at finding the relationship between attitude and motivation which are acknowledged as influential factors in speaking achievement across their personality factors. Sixty Non-EFL students of Maulana Malik Ibrahim State Islamic University of Malang who take English as their compulsory subject were participated as the research sample. They were the fourth semester undergraduate taking TOEFL and Speaking Course. Attitude and Motivation Test Battery (AMTB, The Myers-Briggs Type Indicator (MBTI, speaking test and TOEFL-like test were administered. The results of this research revealed that there was significant correlation among attitude, motivation and speaking achievement of extrovert and Introvert students.

  5. Taking a Logical or Giant Step Forward?

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Elsmore, Matthew J.

    2010-01-01

    The Ibrahimand Teixeira cases concern the rights that members of an EU worker' s family enjoy in another Member State. The Court' s rulings, delivered on the same day, focus on residency and educational rights for children of former migrant workers in the host state, and the derived residency...... rights for their primary carers. Case law has interpreted Regulation 1612/68 to mean that in circumstances where the migrant worker is no longer working in the host state, the child retains a free-standing right to education there and his/her primary carer derives a right of residence from the child......, regardless of the carer' s nationality. The principal novelty of the Ibrahim and Teixeira rulings is to isolate this interpretation from the apparent effects of Directive 2004/38, meaning that residence rights are conferred on economic migrants and their families regardless of whether the family subsequently...

  6. Evolution of OAM entanglement in turbulence

    CSIR Research Space (South Africa)

    Roux, FS

    2015-08-01

    Full Text Available = 0 ; l = 3 [ S P S ] C = 0 ; l = 5 [ S P S ] C = 0 ; l = 7 [ S P S ] Strong scintillation Weak scintillation aA. Hamadou Ibrahim, et al., Phys. Rev. A, 90, 052115 (2014) – p. 7/22 Infinitesimal propagation (MPS approach) Multiple phase... screen (MPS) approach: Turbulent atmosphere dz ρ(z+dz)ρ(z) Infinitesimal propagation: ρ(z)→ ρ(z + δz) Using paraxial wave equation in an inhomogenous medium: ∇2T g(x)− i2k∂zg(x) + 2k2n˜(x)g(x) = 0 In the (2D transverse spatial) Fourier domain: G(a, z + δz...

  7. Interception efficiency of CVM-based lightning protection systems for buildings and the fractional Poisson model

    CERN Document Server

    Haller, Harold S

    2016-01-01

    The purpose of this paper is to resolve a question regarding efficiency of a lightning protection system (LPS) for buildings based on the collection volume method (CVM) . The paper has two components. The first, following suggestions of other authors [Abidin and Ibrahim 2004], takes advantage of count data from installed devices, and independent installation-site inspections to develop our statistical analysis. The second component investigates the validity of the underlying theory by introducing a novel methodology of fractional Poisson processes, which are able to reproduce the burstiness of lightning strikes, an essential feature of stochastic time dependence of incidence of lightning strikes. The standard Poisson processes used in the past efforts in this area cannot do that.

  8. The Use of Artistic Devices to Forward Female Oppression in Selected Short Stories by Muhammad ‘Ali Saeid

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jamal Ali Assadi

    2014-04-01

    Full Text Available This article studies three short stories by Muhammad Ali Saeid (1950-, a writer and critic who lives in Tamrah, the Western Galilee. These stories are “The Delivery” (Al Wilādah, “Ḥayāt” (life, and “Devouring” (Iftirās, which appeared in Assadi’s Father and Son: Selected Short Fiction by Hanna Ibrahim Elias and Mohammad Ali Saeid. It examines the use of the artistic devices used in the selected short stories to highlight “female oppression” as well as the linkage between feminism and post-colonialism, in case of Palestine. Above all, this article confirms that the profound perceptions of Saeid are reflected in his success to control his narrative techniques so artistically that he offers new arenas for academic assessments and analysis. Saeid’s observations also brighten new terrains, where divergent powers can band tunefully to battle subjugation, prejudice, and occupation.

  9. Exergy analysis of heating, refrigerating and air conditioning methods and applications

    CERN Document Server

    Dincer, Ibrahim

    2015-01-01

    Improve and optimize efficiency of HVAC and related energy systems from an exergy perspective. From fundamentals to advanced applications, Exergy Analysis of Heating, Air Conditioning, and Refrigeration provides readers with a clear and concise description of exergy analysis and its many uses. Focusing on the application of exergy methods to the primary technologies for heating, refrigerating, and air conditioning, Ibrahim Dincer and Marc A. Rosen demonstrate exactly how exergy can help improve and optimize efficiency, environmental performance, and cost-effectiveness. The book also discusses the analysis tools available, and includes many comprehensive case studies on current and emerging systems and technologies for real-world examples. From introducing exergy and thermodynamic fundamentals to presenting the use of exergy methods for heating, refrigeration, and air conditioning systems, this book equips any researcher or practicing engineer with the tools needed to learn and master the application of exergy...

  10. EXTRACTING MODAL PARAMETERS FROM STRUCTURES UNDERGOING AMBIENT EXCITATION

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    华宏星; 陈之炎; 傅志方; 李中付; 宋汉文

    2001-01-01

    On Line Parameter Identification Technique (OLPIT) was presented according to ambient excitation characteristics and the response cross-correlation function that is a sum of decaying sinusoids of the same form as the impulse response function of the original system. OLPIT is a new method of identification modal parameters from response of structures under ambient excitation. OLPIT is different from NExT (natural excitation technique) based on ITD method in four aspects: ① The algorithm is improved by the singular-value decomposition (SVD). ② Multi-value of br in the Ibrahim Time Domain (ITD) is avoided. ③ OLPIT is used in both SIMO (single input, multi-output) and MIMO (multi input, multi-output). ④ The precision of modal parameter identificatioin is improved. The simulation studies demonstrate that the method is effective in identifying complex modes even with close frequencies and is robust to measurement noise.

  11. Beberapa Potret Pendidikan Keluarga Islam dalam Al-Quran

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Noorthaibah Noorthaibah

    2010-12-01

    Full Text Available The family is the smallest group within a society. Because society is the set of a few families so good or poor a society is very dependent on good or poor families. Islam gives great attention in coaching and family education. In Islam, monotheism became the foundation and footing family education. Al-Quran as the primary source of Islamic educational value gives instructions and guidance on how the family should be nurtured and educated. In the Al-Quran there are several portraits of family education which fostered over the values of family unity to achieve a good and prosperous. Portrait of family education is described in the Al-Quran on the family of 'Imran, Family of Lukman, the family of the Prophet Ibrahim and Prophet Shu'aib as. In a series of stories the Al-Qur'an it is implied that the family education should be fostered on the value of unity, firmness and patience.

  12. Random Decrement and Regression Analysis of Traffic Responses of Bridges

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Asmussen, J. C.; Ibrahim, S. R.; Brincker, Rune

    The topic of this paper is the estimation of modal parameters from ambient data by applying the Random Decrement technique. The data from the Queensborough Bridge over the Fraser River in Vancouver, Canada have been applied. The loads producing the dynamic response are ambient, e.g. wind, traffic...... and small ground motion. The Random Decrement technique is used to estimate the correlation function or the free decays from the ambient data. From these functions, the modal parameters are extracted using the Ibrahim Time Domain method. The possible influence of the traffic mass load on the bridge...... of the analysis using the Random Decrement technique are compared with results from an analysis based on fast Fourier transformations....

  13. Random Decrement and Regression Analysis of Traffic Responses of Bridges

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Asmussen, J. C.; Ibrahim, S. R.; Brincker, Rune

    1996-01-01

    The topic of this paper is the estimation of modal parameters from ambient data by applying the Random Decrement technique. The data fro the Queensborough Bridge over the Fraser River in Vancouver, Canada have been applied. The loads producing the dynamic response are ambient, e. g. wind, traffic...... and small ground motion. The random Decrement technique is used to estimate the correlation function or the free decays from the ambient data. From these functions, the modal parameters are extracted using the Ibrahim Time domain method. The possible influence of the traffic mass load on the bridge...... of the analysis using the Random decrement technique are compared with results from an analysis based on fast Fourier transformations....

  14. Practical Damping Identification of FAST Cable Suspension

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jinghai Sun

    2014-03-01

    Full Text Available FAST focus cabin is suspended and driven by 6 parallel large span cables. Low stiffness of cables makes the cabin sensitive to disturbance and difficult to control. Structural damping then becomes a key factor that can improve control ability. Therefore, a reasonable damping estimation is important for system design. In this paper, a practical damping identification method is developed based on Ibrahim-time-domain algorithm. The method shows satisfied performance on accuracy and reliability in simulation test and is utilized in vibration experiments to identify damping ratios of both single cable model and FAST 3 m scale cable suspension model. Finally, a preliminary analysis of the damping properties is given out based on the results of identification.

  15. Kavram Haritalarının Türkçe Dersinin Öğretiminde Öğrenci Başarısına Etkisiyle İlgili Öğrenci Görüşleri

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Faruk Polatcan

    2014-10-01

    Full Text Available Concept maps as a technique of producing and organizing complex and different information to be presented in a meaningful and consistent structure is a strategy that helps. The aim of this research is to evaluate the effect of teaching grammar with concept maps on the th grade success. The research is executed 6/B grade in Ibrahim Hakkı Secondary School in Erzurum In the research “nouns, adjectives, state supplements, possessive suffixes” subjects were chooser as a sample. In the research data were gathered with Personal Information Form, An Opinion Determination Questionnaire about Concept Maps. Data were evaluated with frequency, percent and Mann Whitney U, Kruskal Wallis, Wilcoxon analysis. At the end of the research; instead of traditional teaching, teaching grammar with concept maps increased success much more and student’s positive approach towards the methods was reached.

  16. egipcias

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Hammam Mohamad Al Rifai

    2005-01-01

    Full Text Available En este artículo se explora la interpretación que realizó el director egipcio Daoud Abdel Sayyed en su cinta Kit Kat de la novela Malik Al- Hazin, de su compatriota Ibrahim Aslan. La investigación se concentra en los desafíos que presenta la adaptación del personaje invidente de la novela al cine. De este modo, el análisis revela la decisión del cineasta de suprimir la actitud poscolonial activa en el texto literario; además, reflexiona sobre la tensión teórica que genera esta elección en la estética de la recepción del lectorespectador.

  17. Ketamine versus propofol for strabismus surgery in children

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ayse Mizrak

    2010-07-01

    Full Text Available Ayse Mizrak1, Ibrahim Erbagci2, Tulin Arici1, Ibrahim Ozcan1, Gurkan Tatar2, Unsal Oner11Anesthesiology and Reanimation, Gaziantep University School of Medicine, Gaziantep, Turkey; 2The Department of Ophthalmology, Gaziantep University School of Medicine, Gaziantep, TurkeyPurpose: To compare the effects of intravenous infusion of ketamine and propofol anesthesia in children undergoing strabismus surgery. Methods: Sixty pediatric patients aged 4–11 years were enrolled for the study. Patients in Group K were infused ketamine 1–3 mg/kg/hr (n = 30 and patients in Group P were infused with propofol6–9 mg/kg/hr (n = 30. After giving fentanyl 1 µg/kg and rocuronium bromide 0.5 mg/kg, patients were intubated.Results: The consumption of anesthetics (P = 0.0001 and antiemetics (P = 0.004, the incidence of ­oculocardiac reflex (P = 0.02 in Group K were significantly lower than in Group P. The recovery time (P = 0.008, postoperative agitation score (P = 0.005, Face Pain Scale (P = 0.001, Ramsay Sedation Score (P = 0.01 during awakening and at postoperative 30th min (P = 0.02 in Group K were significantly lower than in Group P. The postoperative agitation score ­during awakening was significantly lower than the preoperative values in Group K (P = 0.0001.Conclusions: The infusion of ketamine is more advantageous than the infusion of propofol in children for use in strabismus surgery.Keywords: ketamine, propofol, pediatrics, strabismus, surgery

  18. Development of Geophysical Ideas and Institutions in Ottoman Empire

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ozcep, Ferhat; Ozcep, Tazegul

    2015-04-01

    In Anatolia, the history of geophysical sciences may go back to antiquity (600 BC), namely the period when Thales lived in Magnesia (Asia Minor). In the modern sense, geophysics started with geomagnetic works in the 1600s. The period between 1600 and 1800 includes the measurement of magnetic declination, inclination and magnetic field strength. Before these years, there is a little information, such as how to use a compass, in the Kitab-i Bahriye (the Book of Navigation) of Piri Reis, who is one of the most important mariners of the Ottoman Empire. However, this may not mean that magnetic declination was generally understood. The first scientific book relating to geophysics is the book Fuyuzat-i Miknatissiye that was translated by Ibrahim Müteferrika and printed in 1731. The subject of this book is earth's magnetism. There is also information concerning geophysics in the book Cihannuma (Universal Geography) that was written by Katip Celebi and in the book Marifetname written by Ibrahim Hakki Erzurumlu, but these books are only partly geophysical books. In Istanbul the year 1868 is one of the most important for geophysical sciences because an observatory called Rasathane-i Amire was installed in the Pera region of this city. At this observatory the first systematic geophysical observations such as meteorological, seismological and even gravimetrical were made. There have been meteorological records in Anatolia since 1839. These are records of atmospheric temperature, pressure and humidity. In the Ottoman Empire, the science of geophysics is considered as one of the natural sciences along with astronomy, mineralogy, geology, etc., and these sciences are included as a part of physics and chemistry.

  19. Notes on the history of geophysics in the Ottoman Empire

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ozcep, F.; Ozcep, T.

    2014-09-01

    In Anatolia, the history of geophysical sciences may go back to antiquity (600 BC), namely the period when Thales lived in Magnesia (Asia Minor). In the modern sense, geophysics started with geomagnetic works in the 1600s. The period between 1600 and 1800 includes the measurement of magnetic declination, inclination and magnetic field strength. Before these years, there is a little information, such as how to use a compass, in the Kitab-i Bahriye (the Book of Navigation) of Piri Reis, who is one of the most important mariners of the Ottoman Empire. However, this may not mean that magnetic declination was generally understood. The first scientific book relating to geophysics is the book Fuyuzat-i Miknatissiye that was translated by Ibrahim Müteferrika and printed in 1731. The subject of this book is earth's magnetism. There is also information concerning geophysics in the book Cihannuma (Universal Geography) that was written by Katip Celebi and in the book Marifetname written by Ibrahim Hakki Erzurumlu, but these books are only partly geophysical books. In Istanbul the year 1868 is one of the most important for geophysical sciences because an observatory called Rasathane-i Amire was installed in the Pera region of this city. At this observatory the first systematic geophysical observations such as meteorological, seismological and even gravimetrical were made. There have been meteorological records in Anatolia since 1839. These are records of atmospheric temperature, pressure and humidity. In the Ottoman Empire, the science of geophysics is considered as one of the natural sciences along with astronomy, mineralogy, geology, etc., and these sciences are included as a part of physics and chemistry.

  20. 亓鲁光:创新中医 掀起国际糖尿病治疗革命

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李晨; 李轲

    2011-01-01

    2011年10月,长期被西方医学界主宰的世界最高医学学术舞台终于迎来了一颗闪亮的东方之星——中国内分泌领域著名中医专家亓鲁光教授和德国西医协会国际中医学会主席Josef Hummelsberger教授历时4年精心编撰而成的《Diabetesbehandlung mit chinesischer Medizin》(德文专著,中译名:《糖尿病的中医治疗》,ISBN:978-3-437-58370-4)由世界第一大科技出版商爱思唯尔出版社正式出版发行.

  1. Coexistence of primary myelofibrosis and chronic lymphocytic leukemia

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Burgstaller S

    2014-10-01

    Full Text Available Sonja Burgstaller, Josef Thaler Klinikum Wels-Grieskirchen, Abteilung für Innere Medizin IV, Wels, AustriaAbstract: Coexistence of two hematologic malignancies in one patient is generally a rare phenomenon. The topic of this article is the coincidence of primary myelofibrosis and chronic lymphocytic leukemia, which has been reported up to now in only 16 patients. In summary, simultaneous detection of both diseases was notable in half of the patients at presentation. In the case of a subsequent diagnosis of both disorders, primary myelofibrosis preceded the lymphoproliferative disease in the majority of patients. The clinical course seems to be more benign than for each disorder itself. A substantial proportion of patients did not require any treatment at all. Knowledge about the pathogenetic mechanisms, treatment approaches, and prognosis of these patients is limited.Keywords: primary myelofibrosis, chronic lymphocytic leukemia, coexistent

  2. Book Review: Drexl, J., Lee, N. (2013). Pharmaceutical Innovation, Competition and Patent Law : A Trilateral Perspective. Edward Elgar Publishing

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Minssen, Timo

    2014-01-01

    or a bibliography of material cited by the respective authors. Also it might perhaps have been beneficial to include some contributions from the pharmaceutical industry, private practice or NGOs. There is of course no doubt that all papers have been written by very competent authors and address real-world issues......This is a review of the recent publication “Pharmaceutical Innovation, Competition and Patent Law – A Trilateral Perspective”, edited by Max Planck Director Josef Drexl and Finnish scholar Nari Lee (Edward Elgar 2013, 322 p., ISBN 978 0 85793 245 7). In summary, I conclude that the editors, who...... with much devotion to facts, details and commercial realities. But additional contributions by the industry or “field workers” would probably have enriched the numerous debates that are placed in such an extraordinarily complex environment at the interface of business realities, competition, technological...

  3. Introduzione: sulle cause reali della crisi finanziaria

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Carlo D'Ippoliti

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available The article introduces to the present issue, reviewing its contents and placing them in the context of the current European crisis. It shortly highlights the relevance of the article by Josef Steindl published in this issue for the first time, as well as the article by Nina Shapiro on the Austrian economist. These contributions provide the occasion to discuss the often neglected issue of the long-run consequences of several forms of stimulus of aggregate demand, such as fiscal deficits or current account surpluses. Such issue highlights some long-run real economic causes of the recent financial crisis, thus allowing to effectively bypass the false dichotomy between real and financial variables.  JEL codes: F32, E25, E12Keywords: aggregate demand, long-run dynamics, trade surpluses 

  4. Introduzione: sulle cause reali della crisi finanziaria

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Carlo D'Ippoliti

    2012-12-01

    Full Text Available The article introduces to the present issue, reviewing its contents and placing them in the context of the current European crisis. It shortly highlights the relevance of the article by Josef Steindl published in this issue for the first time, as well as the article by Nina Shapiro on the Austrian economist. These contributions provide the occasion to discuss the often neglected issue of the long-run consequences of several forms of stimulus of aggregate demand, such as fiscal deficits or current account surpluses. Such issue highlights some long-run real economic causes of the recent financial crisis, thus allowing to effectively bypass the false dichotomy between real and financial variables.

  5. Ganzheitliche Produktionssysteme

    Science.gov (United States)

    Korge, Axel; Lentes, Hans-Peter; Wengler, Michael; Hartmann, Thorsten; Röhrle, Josef; Kammüller, Mathias

    Erfolgreiche Unternehmer machen es vor: Mit einem Ganzheitlichen Produktionssystem (GPS) haben sie ihre Produktivität mehr als verdoppelt, die Durchlaufzeit bei verbesserter Termintreue halbiert und die Fehlerquote in den Promille-Bereich gedrückt [1]. Der Ansatz ist: Innovative Organisationsmethoden, die sich als Best-practice-Lösungen bewährt haben, werden zu einem in sich abgestimmten Gesamtsystem konfiguriert. Durch eine geeignete Auswahl und die gezielte Abstimmung geeigneter Methoden aufeinander können die drei Erfolgsfaktoren Qualität, Zeit und Kosten gleichzeitig erfüllt werden. Ein Ganzheitliches Produktionssystem versetzt die Produktionsmitarbeiter und Führungskräfte in die Lage, bessere Leistungsergebnisse mit weniger Stress zu erbringen. "Das ist nicht wirklich schwierig“, betont Josef Röhrle, der Werkleiter von Siemens Erlangen, Preisträger der Besten Fabrik 2004 und 2006, "denn alle Methoden sind bekannt und beschrieben.“

  6. 橡胶制品生产用全套解决方案

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    黄元昌(译)

    2008-01-01

    不久前,Alsdorfer Fringsgruppe集团公司在Erkelenz接管了Gerlach机械制造有限公司。1971年Jurgen Getlach先生创建了Gerlach机械制造公司,而Jurgen Gerlach先生则从此成了该公司的总裁。在他的领导下,该企业在过去的35年中一直是橡胶制品用热空气硫化工艺的领军企业。除了Jurgen Gerlach先生之外,现在,Josef Matthias Frings已成为Gerlach机械制造有限公司的新总裁。

  7. Parent-child incest that extends into adulthood: a survey of international press reports, 2007-2011.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Middleton, Warwick

    2013-01-01

    Although the subject of ongoing incestuous abuse during adulthood has never been addressed in a systematic way in the professional literature, accounts of such cases have been appearing for many years. The Josef Fritzl case added a new impetus to reporting such abuses in the popular press. The current study presents 44 such cases from 24 countries that appeared in English-language press accounts over 5 years commencing January 2007. These cases are discussed in light of the minimal coverage of such issues in the professional literature. The results of this study suggest that cases of enduring incest are not rare and typically incorporate decades of sexual abuse, frequently result in pregnancies, and commonly incorporate ongoing violence and death threats.

  8. Historia del Lupus

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Alvaro Rodríguez Gama

    2004-09-01

    Se encontrarán los lectores con una gran cantidad y calidad de biografías sobre investigaciones, médicos y científicos que han enfrentado el reto de tratar de entender y tratar el lupus, desde los médicos clásicos como Hipócrates, Galeno y Celso, los protodermatólogos Daniel Turner, Jean Astruc, Antoine Lorry y Josef von Plenk; el primer dematológo Robert Willam y médicos de los siglos XVIII y XIX como Thomas Bateman, Jean Lous Alibert, Theódore Biett, Olive Rayer, Pierre Cazenave, Antoine Bazin, Ferdinand von Hebra, Moriz Kaposi, Ernest Besnier, Alfred Fournier, Louis Brocq, Jean Darier, el clasificador Jonathan Hutchinson, Paul Unna, William Osler, Emanuel Libman, George Baehr y así decenas de colosos de la ciencia médica, cuyas historias son descritas minuciosamente por el Dr. Iglesias...

  9. Replication and Pedagogy in the History of Psychology II: Fowler & Wells's Phrenology

    Science.gov (United States)

    Trevino, Kelly M.; Konrad, Krista K.

    2008-05-01

    Phrenologists believed that specific brain regions corresponded to certain character traits. In addition, the size of each brain region was believed to determine the strength of the respective trait. Phrenology originated in Austria with Franz Josef Gall and was popularized and commercialized in America at the end of the 19th century by Orson Squire Fowler. In this project, we conducted a replication of Fowler’s phrenology in order to better understand the specificity of the manualized methodology, the extent to which the methodology allowed for positive versus negative analyses, and the implications for the scientific rejection and public acceptance of phrenology. The results of our replication revealed that the subjective judgments and biases of the examiner strongly influence the results of phrenological analyses.

  10. 关于折纸的若干事

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    木遥

    2011-01-01

    在1927年德国国立建筑学院(即后世著名的包豪斯学院)的一次预备课程上,教师Josef Albers(他战后成为耶鲁大学设计系的系主任)带着一卷报纸走进课堂,对学生们说道:“女士们先生们,我们很穷,没什么钱。我们浪费不起时间,也浪费不起材料。所有的艺术都得从材料上开始动手,

  11. 纸上油画——约瑟夫·艾伯斯在美国

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Ruqing

    2011-01-01

    约瑟夫·艾伯斯(Josef Albers)在现代艺术史上以“硬边艺术”风格著称,是“欧普艺术”的先驱。近期在德国慕尼黑的现代艺术陈列馆举办的展览第一次集中展示约瑟夫·艾伯斯的纸上油画,这些绘画是20世纪40年代为“Adobe”和“Variant”系列绘画做的草稿。它们与他晚期(1950年到1976年)最重要的作品“正方形礼赞”系列的草稿一起展出。

  12. 西班牙贵族品牌Delpozo 时尚浮游记

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    寒一一

    2016-01-01

    尤记得2014春夏系列服饰在纽约时装周上一个西班牙品牌的亮相,灵感来自于法国画家Jean Baptiste Camille Corot的油画《La Zingara》,各式裙装浪漫妩媚,夺人眼球。这个品牌通过廓型和色调构建出的仙气十足的时装世界,实在让人着迷至极。而之所以能够将廓型突显出来,是因为从Josef Alber的作品中汲取到了大胆的色块灵感,运用在布料的选择之上,

  13. Think Rheumatoid Arthritis: Causes, Consequences, and Management

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Josef Smolen

    2016-07-01

    Full Text Available Prof Josef Smolen opened the symposium and briefly described the aims of the meeting. Co-host Prof Constantino Pitzalis first discussed the pathophysiology of rheumatoid arthritis (RA, identifying the pro-inflammatory cytokines involved and explaining why specific drugs only work in certain conditions. Prof Simon Jones followed with a discussion on comorbidities and adverse events associated with interleukin (IL-6 intervention in rheumatic disease. Dr Frank McKenna presented on the psychological impact of RA, including mood changes and development of depressive disorders, and Prof Smolen described the upcoming therapeutic approaches for the condition while also comparing and contrasting existing treatment options. The symposium concluded with a question and answer session.

  14. Absence of Cooling in New Zealand and the Adjacent Ocean During the Younger Dryas Chronozone

    Science.gov (United States)

    Barrows, Timothy T.; Lehman, Scott J.; Fifield, L. Keith; De Deckker, Patrick

    2007-10-01

    As the climate warmed at the end of the last glacial period, a rapid reversal in temperature, the Younger Dryas (YD) event, briefly returned much of the North Atlantic region to near full-glacial conditions. The event was associated with climate reversals in many other areas of the Northern Hemisphere and also with warming over and near Antarctica. However, the expression of the YD in the mid- to low latitudes of the Southern Hemisphere (and the southwest Pacific region in particular) is much more controversial. Here we show that the Waiho Loop advance of the Franz Josef Glacier in New Zealand was not a YD event, as previously thought, and that the adjacent ocean warmed throughout the YD.

  15. ‘The Strzygowski School of Cluj. An episode in interwar Romanian cultural politics’

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Matthew Rampley

    2013-06-01

    Full Text Available This article examines the work of Coriolan Petranu (1893-1945, a Romanian art historian who studied the vernacular art and architecture of Transylvania. Petranu was a graduate of the Vienna School, having studied with Josef Strzygowski, and following the model of his teacher, sought to challenge existing art historical hierarchies by drawing attention to the architecture of its Romanian population. Transylvania was a contested territory, and this article examines the ways in which Petranu became enmeshed in the rivalries between Hungary and Romania over the cultural affiliation of the region and how his study of vernacular culture reflected wider debates in the early twentieth century over the nature of Romanian identity.

  16. Barnumi tsirkus ja kultuurkapitali vene preemia / P. I. Filimonov

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Filimonov, P. I., pseud., 1975-

    2009-01-01

    Artikkel vaidlustab Eesti Kultuurkapitali venekeelse autori kirjandusauhinna žürii selleaastase valiku: Tatjana Kašneva (Zolotova) "Земная коротка наша память..." (kirj. Aleksandra) ja Josef Katsi "Старый Таллинн : четыре времени города" (КПД). T. Kašneva memuaaride esitrükk ilmus 1993. a., J. Katsi raamat aga ei mahu esseežanri alla

  17. 贝加莱SafeLOGIC-安全控制器

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2007-01-01

    贝加莱(B&R)是一家自动化技术领域的全球性领导厂商,总部位于奥地利Eggelsberg,于1979年由Erwin Bernecker先生和Josef Rainer先生共同创建。目前已经在全球55个国家设立了分支机构,拥有140个办事处。1996年8月,贝加莱在上海成立了服务于中国市场的分公司——贝加莱工业自动化(上海)有限公司,本地化的销售与技术队伍为中国客户带来了更迅捷的服务响应。

  18. 贝加莱:产品质量是核心竞争力的核心

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    徐云清; 宋华振

    2009-01-01

    @@ 贝加莱(中国)简介: 贝加莱(B&R)是一家自动化技术领域的全球性领导厂商,总部位于奥地利Eggelsberg,于1979年由Erwin Bernecker先生和Josef Rainer先生共同创建.创新的信念伴随贝加莱不断成长,并引领技术发展的潮流.今天的贝加莱已经在全球60个国家设立了分支机构,拥有155个办事处.

  19. The tripartite origins of the tonic neck reflex: Gesell, Gerstmann, and Magnus.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Shevell, Michael

    2009-03-03

    The standard neurologic examination of the newborn and infant includes the elicitation of the tonic neck reflex. Normally present, its persistence is suggestive of neurologic dysfunction and a prognostic marker highly suggestive of an adverse outcome. Working in different fields, with different approaches and largely independently, three leaders of early 20th century neurosciences (Rudolf Magnus, Josef Gerstmann, and Arnold Gesell) elaborated different aspects of this primitive reflex. Magnus provided the first description in an animal model utilizing a meticulously prepared decerebrate cat correctly identifying the reflex's reliance on proprioceptors in the neck and processing in the upper cervical segment. Gerstmann first described its occurrence in the setting of neurologic disease, providing a meticulous written description in an early description of the index case of what would later be eponymously designated Gerstmann-Straussler-Scheinker syndrome. Gesell initially described the reflex's fundamental occurrence in normal young infants, highlighting its adaptive role in early development and its persistence as a hallmark of neurologic pathology.

  20. [Murderers in white coats--the physicians' plot against Stalin].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Olsen, B

    1997-12-10

    During the Moscow trials in 1936-38 several doctors were sentenced for participating in the murders of party leaders. As others who were accused, the doctors willingly confessed to crimes they could not possibly have committed. A second doctors' plot took place in the autumn of 1952. This time nine doctors, six of them Jews, were arrested for the attempted murder of political leaders. Only the unexpected death of Josef Stalin prevented a new wave of terror. With the single exception of Genrikh Grigorjevitsj Jagoda (1891-1938), head of the NKVD (KGB's predecessor), all those sentenced under the Moscow process are now rehabilitated. The participants of the second doctors' plot were rehabilitated immediately after Stalin's death.

  1. [The early reception of the notion of schizophrenia of Eugen Bleuler in Austria].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gabriel, Eberhard

    2012-01-01

    The 100th anniversary of Eugen Bleulers "Dementia praecox oder Gruppe der Schizophrenien" (Dementia praecox oder Gruppe der Schizophrenien. Leipzig: Deuticke; 1911) motivates a retrospective description of the early reception of the word and its meaning. It occurred in two phases: 1911-1914 (focus of that paper) and 1918-1929. The protagonists were Erwin Stransky (mainly in the first phase), Josef Berze (mainly in the second), Julius Wagner-Jauregg and Carl Meyer, leading motives criticisms of the further expansion of the earlier Kraepelinian notion of dementia praecox and of Bleulers' psychoanalytical interpreting of the disorder, but acceptance of the neologism 'schizophrenia' because of its meaning ("dissociative character") and the possibility to derive an adjective. The new word replaced the old denomination after world war I during the 1920s.

  2. La “metáfora” como dadora de muerte. Acerca de la última frase de El Proceso de Kafka

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Gerardo Córdoba Ospina

    2015-06-01

    Full Text Available Este trabajo desvela la pretendida lucha contra la metáfora emprendida por Kafka a la luz, principalmente, de la última frase del capítulo X de El Proceso. Instaurando un diálogo con algunos intérpretes; para así dar cuenta de una lectura más amplia de la frase, la metáfora es aquí sometida a rendir cuentas, desde ella misma, de su configuración del proceso kafkiano. El “morir como un perro” de Josef K. es el fin del entramado de todo un proceso (desde el principio sin salida donde la “metáfora” es el universo que instaura una expectación destinada en la imposibilidad de ser otro.

  3. New revelations on the nature of organic matter in ice cores

    Science.gov (United States)

    Grannas, Amanda M.; Hockaday, William C.; Hatcher, Patrick G.; Thompson, Lonnie G.; Mosley-Thompson, Ellen

    2006-02-01

    Analysis of organic species stored in ice cores provides a unique opportunity to obtain information about the environment of the past. Because of the trace nature of the organic components of interest, studying these species in molecular level detail within ice cores can be an analytical challenge. Using Fourier transform ion cyclotron resonance mass spectrometry with electrospray ionization, we have characterized, at an unprecedented molecular level, the organic material in an ice core collected from Franz Josef Land (Russia). Several thousand distinct molecular species are identified and provide clues to the principal sources of the organic matter. Humic-like substances have been identified in both modern and ancient ice, despite the remote marine setting of the ice field. Species containing sulfur heteroatoms are far more abundant in the modern ice, indicating that anthropogenic sulfur emissions are also present in the high-molecular weight organic compounds preserved in ice.

  4. Handke's «Kafkaesque» Novel: Semiotic Processes in Die Angst des Tormanns beim Elfmeter

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    June Schlueter

    1979-08-01

    Full Text Available Die Angst des Tormanns beim Elfmeter is characterized by qualities which have come to be known as «Kafkaesque.» The behavior of the protagonist is unexplained, the prevailing atmosphere is one of anxiety, and a fuzzy suggestiveness informs the novel's fictive world. Yet, as with Kafka's work, mimetic or allegorical interpretations seem to impoverish rather than to enrich the text. It may well be that the primary concern of both authors is to illumine not the character of the world, but the character of meaning itself. In Handke's novel, Josef Bloch, eluding capture by the Austrian police following his murder of a movie clerk, engages in a search for «semiotic sanity». Bloch's exceptionally aware rethinking of relationship among the phenomenal world, self, and language yields considerable insight into the ontology of meaning, revealing the Kafkaesque qualities of the novel to be the product of normal semiotic processes of life.

  5. Book Review: Drexl, J., Lee, N. (2013). Pharmaceutical Innovation, Competition and Patent Law : A Trilateral Perspective. Edward Elgar Publishing

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Minssen, Timo

    2014-01-01

    as pharmaceutical companies and regulators. To cut it short: This is an enjoyable, readable and interesting book containing thorough studies of “hot” legal issues in the pharma sector converging in an decisive era for pharmaceutical innovation. It ought to be found in any library that has reserved space for pharma......This is a review of the recent publication “Pharmaceutical Innovation, Competition and Patent Law – A Trilateral Perspective”, edited by Max Planck Director Josef Drexl and Finnish scholar Nari Lee (Edward Elgar 2013, 322 p., ISBN 978 0 85793 245 7). In summary, I conclude that the editors, who...... innovation, and access to health care. Leaving aside these minor formalities I have studied this book with great pleasure and interest. Although I might personally not always fully agree with some of the findings and proposals presented in it, the overall theme of the book indeed reflects the most important...

  6. In vitro force delivery of nickel-titanium superelastic archwires in vertical displacement

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Aisha de Souza Gomes Stumpf

    2012-12-01

    Full Text Available OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to evaluate the force delivered by different superlastic nickel-titanium wires during vertical displacement, in order to determine whether their stress release meets the criteria for constant and light forces that are usually accredited to these archwires. METHOD: Ten samples of 6 brands of 0.016-in archwires (Ormco, GAC, Morelli, TP, American Orthodontics e Rocky Mountain were tested in a complete metal model using Dynalock brackets (3M Unitek™. In the canine position, there was a sliding bracket connected to a pole. This set was related to a load cell of 0.5 kg attached to a universal testing machine (Autograph AG-199kNG, Shimadzu. The crosshead speed was 0.5 mm/min and the maximum displacement was 1.0 mm. The model was submerged in temperature-controlled water. The results were analyzed by ANOVA (p OBJETIVO: o objetivo deste estudo foi avaliar a força liberada por diferentes fios de níquel-titânio (NiTi superelástico em deslocamento vertical, a fim de determinar se a liberação de estresse por esses satisfaz o critério de forças suaves e constantes, geralmente atribuído a tais arcos. MÉTODOS: dez amostras de seis arcos de NiTi superelástico 0,016” de marcas comerciais diferentes (Ormco, GAC, Morelli, TP, American Orthodontics e Rocky Mountain foram testados em um modelo metálico usando braquetes Dynalock (3M Unitek. Na região do canino, havia um braquete móvel conectado a uma haste, a qual estava relacionada com uma célula de carga de 0,5kg de uma máquina universal de ensaios (Autograph AG-199kNG, Shimadzu. O deslocamento do conjunto na região do canino foi realizado a uma velocidade constante de 0,5mm/min e o deslocamento máximo foi de 1,0mm. O conjunto foi submerso em água com temperatura controlada a 37ºC. RESULTADOS: os resultados obtidos foram avaliados por ANOVA (p <0,05, usando o software SAS System 8.02, Cry, NC, EUA. O arco da TP apresentou a menor força durante todo o

  7. Las vacunaciones antivariólicas en Navarra (España entre septiembre y noviembre de 1801 Smallpox vaccinations in Navarre (Spain between September and November 1801

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    J.J. Viñes

    2004-12-01

    Full Text Available Se da noticia de la localización en el Archivo de D. Gaspar Castellano de Gastón, del documento que atestigua las primeras inoculaciones con linfa vacunal en Errazu, localidad del Valle de Baztán (Navarra, realizadas el 2 de Noviembre de 1801, por el médico de San Juan de Pie de Puerto (Francia Dr. Iribarren Ayzin, desde el brazo de una muchacha francesa de 18 años, conducida personalmente por él, a instancia de D. Josef Juaquín Gastón Alcalde del Valle del Baztán. El nuevo hallazgo sirve de homenaje 200 años después a la primera expedición de Salud Pública entre 1803 y 1806, dirigida por el médico alicantino D. Francisco Xavier Balmis, dando la vuelta al mundo, con el fin de difundir la vacuna entre todas las razas y zonas del mundo conocidas.We communicate the discovery in the Archive of D. Gaspar Castellano de Gastón of a document providing evidence of the first inoculations with lymph vaccine in Errazu, a village in the Baztán Valley (Navarre. These were carried out on November 2nd 1801, by a doctor from San Juan Pie de Puerto (France, Dr. Iribarren Ayzin, from the arm of a French girl aged 18, personally brought by him at the request of D. Josef Juaquín Gastón, Mayor of the Baztán Valley. The new finding serves as homage, 200 hundred years later, to the first Public Health expedition, carried out between 1803 and 1806, which travelled around the world in order to spread the vaccine amongst all the races and areas of the known world. The expedition was led by D. Francisco Xavier Balmis, a doctor from Alicante.

  8. First LiDAR images of the Alpine Fault, central South Island, New Zealand

    Science.gov (United States)

    Langridge, R. M.; Toy, V. G.; Barth, N.; de Pascale, G. P.; Sutherland, R.; Farrier, T.

    2010-12-01

    In central South Island, New Zealand, the dextral-reverse Alpine fault forms the principal component of the Australia-Pacific plate boundary. The fault typically accommodates slip rates of the order of ~27-29 mm/yr (dextral) and up to 6-11 mm/yr (reverse), mostly uplifting Pacific plate rocks that form the Southern Alps. However, the associated high relief, rapid uplift and erosion and high rainfall and accompanying dense temperate rainforest along the western side of the island has typically hampered geological efforts to better understand the neotectonics of the Alpine fault. LiDAR data have been acquired over a 34 km stretch of the fault between Whataroa in the northeast and Franz Josef in the southwest to test the viability of this technique under dense vegetation and in steep, dissected terrain. LiDAR has been collected from a fixed wing base (1300m above ground level) at a frequency of 70k Hz, with 33.5 Hz scan frequency and a 39° field of view. We employed a strategy of flying a dense pattern of 6 flight lines across a swath width of 1.3 km. This creates areas of both single and double overlap coverage that have allowed for accurate landscape models to be created. Results show that this strategy has provided an optimum level of forest penetration and ground returns. Initial results show remarkable level of detail in DEM’s of the landscape along the Alpine fault. Examples of results presented here include: Franz Josef, where the fault traverses the township; and Gaunt Creek, where a Deep Fault Drilling Project will be sited in early 2011.

  9. Vinflunine in the treatment of bladder cancer

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mark Bachner

    2008-11-01

    Full Text Available Mark Bachner, Maria De Santis3rd Medical Department – Center for Oncology and Hematology, Kaiser Franz Josef-Spital der Stadt Wien, and Ludwig Boltzmann-Institute for Applied Cancer Research Vienna (LBI-ACR VIEnna, Cluster Translational Oncology, Kaiser Franz Josef-Spital der Stadt Wien, and Applied Cancer Research – Institution for Translational Research Vienna (ACR-ITR VIEnna/CEADDP, Vienna, AustriaAbstract: Vinflunine (VFL is a third-generation bifluorinated semi-synthetic vinca alkaloid obtained by superacidic chemistry from its parent compound, vinorelbine. As with the other vinca alkaloids, the main antineoplastic effects of VFL arise from its interaction with tubulin, the major component of microtubules in mitotic spindles. In contrast to other vinca alkaloids, VFL shows some distinctive properties in terms of tubulin binding, possibly explaining its superior antitumor activity in vitro and in vivo compared with vinorelbine as well as its excellent safety profile. In transitional cell carcinoma (TCC, two single-agent phase II trials were performed testing VFL in platinum-pretreated patients, showing moderate response rates and promising disease control rates. Therefore, the first phase III trial in modern times for second-line TCC of the urothelium was designed in order to further investigate the activity of VFL. First results were presented at the 2008 ASCO conference. VFL appears to be a possible treatment option for patients with TCC progressing after first-line platinum-containing chemotherapy.Keywords: vinflunine, transitional cell carcinoma (TCC of the bladder, bladder cancer, chemotherapy, second-line chemotherapy

  10. Screening differential expression of serum proteins in AFP-negative HBV-related hepatocellular carcinoma using iTRAQ -MALDI-MS/MS.

    Science.gov (United States)

    He, X; Wang, Y; Zhang, W; Li, H; Luo, R; Zhou, Y; Liao, C Li M; Huang, H; Lv, X; Xie, Z; He, M

    2014-01-01

    Hepatocellular carcinoma(HCC) is serious condition associated with a high morbidity and mortality. Therefore is an urgent need to develop novel noninvasive techniques for early diagnosis, particularly for patients with AFP-negative [AFP(-)] HCC. In this study, iTRAQ-MALDI-MS/MS was used to identify differentially expressed proteins in AFP(-) HBV-related HCC compared with non-cancerous hepatitis B virus (HBV) and healthy controls subjects.Serum was obtained from 18 patients with AFP(-) HBV-related HCC, 18 matched patients with HBV without HCC and 18 healthy control subjects. High abundance proteins were removed from serum and the differentially expressed proteins from the three groups were screened out using iTRAQ-MALDI-MS/MS. The Gene Ontology (GO) function and the interaction networks of differentially expressed proteins were then analyzed. A total of 24 expressed differential proteins associated with AFP(-) HBV-related HCC were screened out, 15 proteins were up-regulated and 9 down-regulated. The most common molecular function of the 24 differentially expressed proteins was enzyme inhibition. Interaction network of the 24 differentially expressed proteins showed that 14 proteins (C5, KNG1, FN1, LRG1, HRG, SERPINC1, CRP, APOB, SAA1, APCS, C4BPA, CFI, CFB and GSN) were central to the functional network. The expression levels of the GSN protein were down-regulated in AFP(-) HBV-related HCC subjects compared with healthy controls and the HBV group (pAFP(-) HBV-related HCC appeared at the fulcrum of the functional network and were differentially expressed compare to HBV and healthy controls suggesting a possible association with HCC progression.

  11. Implying Analytic Measures for Unravelling Rheumatoid Arthritis Significant Proteins Through Drug-Target Interaction.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Singh, Sachidanand; Vennila, J Jannet; Snijesh, V P; George, Gincy; Sunny, Chinnu

    2016-06-01

    Rheumatoid arthritis (RA) is a systemic autoimmune and inflammatory disease that mainly alters the synovial joints and ultimately leads to their destruction. The involvement of the immune system and its related cells is a basic trademark of autoimmune-associated diseases. The present work focuses on network analysis and its functional characterization to predict novel targets for RA. The interactive model called as rheumatoid arthritis drug-target-protein (RA-DTP) is built of 1727 nodes and 7954 edges followed the power-law distribution. RA-DTP comprised of 20 islands, 55 modules and 123 submodules. Good interactome coverage of target-protein was detected in island 2 (Q-Score 0.875) which includes 673 molecules with 20 modules and 68 submodules. The biological landscape of these modules was examined based on the participation molecules in specific cellular localization, molecular function and biological pathway with favourable p value. Functional characterization and pathway analysis through KEGG, Biocarta and Reactome also showed their involvement in relation to the immune system and inflammatory processes and biological processes such as cell signalling and communication, glucosamine metabolic process, renin-angiotensin system, BCR signals, galactose metabolism, MAPK signalling, complement and coagulation system and NGF signalling pathways. Traffic values and centrality parameters were applied as the selection criteria for identifying potential targets from the important hubs which resulted into FOS, KNG1, PTGDS, HSP90AA1, REN, POMC, FCER1G, IL6, ICAM1, SGK1, NOS3 and PLA2G4A. This approach provides an insight into experimental validation of these associations of potential targets for clinical value to find their effect on animal studies.

  12. Spontaneous Immunity Against the Receptor Tyrosine Kinase ROR1 in Patients with Chronic Lymphocytic Leukemia.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mohammad Hojjat-Farsangi

    Full Text Available ROR1 is a receptor tyrosine kinase expressed in chronic lymphocytic leukemia (CLL and several other malignancies but absent in most adult normal tissues. ROR1 is considered an onco-fetal antigen. In the present study we analysed spontaneous humoral and cellular immunity against ROR1 in CLL patients.Antibodies against ROR1 were analysed in 23 patients and 20 healthy donors by ELISA and Western blot. Purified serum IgG from patients was tested for cytotoxicity against CLL cells using the MTT viability assay. A cellular immune response against ROR1 derived HLA-A2 restricted 9 aa and 16 aa long peptides were analysed using peptide loaded dendritic cells co-cultured with autologous T cells from CLL patients (n = 9 and healthy donors (n = 6. IFN-γ, IL-5 and IL-17A-secreting T cells were assessed by ELISPOT and a proliferative response using a H3-thymidine incorporation assay.The majority of CLL patients had antibodies against ROR1. Significantly higher titers of anti-ROR1 antibodies were noted in patients with non-progressive as compared to progressive disease. The extracellular membrane-close ROR1 KNG domain seemed to be an immunodominant epitope. Ten patients with high titers of anti-ROR1 binding antibodies were tested for cytotoxicity. Five of those had cytotoxic anti-ROR1 antibodies against CLL cells. ROR1-specific IFN-γ and IL-17A producing T cells could be detected in CLL patients, preferentially in non-progressive as compared to patients with progressive disease (p<0.05.ROR1 seemed to spontaneously induce a humoral as well as a T cell response in CLL patients. The data support the notion that ROR1 might be a specific neo-antigen and may serve as a target for immunotherapy.

  13. Genome-wide pathway-based association study implicates complement system in the development of Kashin-Beck disease in Han Chinese.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zhang, Feng; Wen, Yan; Guo, Xiong; Zhang, Yingang; Wang, Sen; Yang, Tielin; Shen, Hui; Chen, Xiangding; Tan, Lijun; Tian, Qing; Deng, Hong-Wen

    2015-02-01

    Kashin-Beck disease (KBD) is a chronic osteochondropathy. The pathogenesis of KBD remains unknown. To identify relevant biological pathways for KBD, we conducted a genome-wide pathway-based association study (GWPAS) following by replication analysis, totally using 2743 Chinese Han adults. A modified gene set enrichment algorithm was used to detect association between KBD and 963 biological pathways. Cartilage gene expression analysis and serum complement measurement were performed to evaluate the functional relevance of identified pathway with KBD. We found that the Complement and Coagulation Cascades (CACC) pathway was significantly associated with KBD (P value=3.09×10(-5), false-discovery rate=0.042). Within the CACC pathway, the most significant association was observed at rs1656966 (P value=1.97×10(-4)) of KNG1 gene. Further replication study observed that rs1656966 (P value=0.037) was significantly associated with KBD in an independent validation sample of 1026 subjects. Gene expression analysis observed that CFD (ratio=3.39±2.68), A2M (ratio=3.67±5.63), C5 (ratio=2.65±2.52) and CD46 (ratio=2.29±137) genes of the CACC pathway were up-regulated in KBD articular cartilage compared to healthy articular cartilage. The serum level of complement C5 in KBD patients were significantly higher than that in healthy controls (P value=0.038). Our study is the first to suggest that complement system-related CACC pathway contributed to the development of KBD.

  14. The tyrosine kinase receptor ROR1 is constitutively phosphorylated in chronic lymphocytic leukemia (CLL cells.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mohammad Hojjat-Farsangi

    Full Text Available Phosphorylation of receptor tyrosine kinases (RTKs has a key role in cellular functions contributing to the malignant phenotype of tumor cells. We and others have previously demonstrated that RTK ROR1 is overexpressed in chronic lymphocytic leukemia (CLL. Silencing siRNA downregulated ROR1 and induced apoptosis of CLL cells. In the present study we analysed ROR1 isoforms and the phosphorylation pattern in CLL cells (n=38 applying western blot and flow-cytometry using anti-ROR1 antibodies and an anti-phospho-ROR1 antibody against the TK domain. Two major ROR1 bands with the size of 105 and 130 kDa respectively were identified, presumably representing unglycosylated (immature and glycosylated (mature ROR1 respectively as well as a 260 kDa band which may represent dimerized ROR1. A ROR1 band of 64 kDa that may correspond to a C-terminal fragment was also noted, present only in the nucleus. The 105 kDa ROR1 isoform was more frequently expressed in non-progressive as compared to progressive CLL patients (p=0.03. The 64, 105, 130 and 260 kDa bands were constitutively phosphorylated both at tyrosine and serine residues. Phosphorylation intensity of the mature (130 kDa isoform was significantly higher in progressive than in non-progressive disease (p<0.001. Incubation of CLL cells with a mouse anti-ROR1 KNG or an anti-ROR1 CRD mAb respectively induced dephosphorylation of ROR1 before entering apoptosis. In conclusion CLL cells expressed different isoforms of ROR1 which were constitutively phosphorylated. The mature, phosphorylated ROR1 isoform was associated with a progressive disease stage. Targeting ROR1 by mAbs induced specific dephosphorylation and leukemic cell death. ROR1 might be an interesting therapeutic target.

  15. Fifty years of geophysical researches of glaciers in Institute of Geography, the Russian Academy of Sciences, 1966–2016

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    V. M. Kotlyakov

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available In 1967‑2015, Institute of Geography of the USSR/Russian Academy of Sciences together with other organizations carried out field expeditions in different areas of mountain and polar glaciations in many regions: the Polar Urals, Caucasus, Pamir, Zailiysky and Jungar Alatau, Tien‑Shan, Pamir‑Alai, the Kamchatka Peninsula, the Pyrenees, the Arctic – Spitsbergen, Novaya Zemlya, Franz Josef and Severnaya Zemlya, and Antarctica – on the ice flow B, and in the sub‑Antarctic – Islands King George, Galindez, and Livingston. The gravimetric and ground and aerial radar observations were made in these expeditions. About 300 glaciers of different morphological types and sizes with cold, subpolar and temperate thermal regime were studied. Basic results of these studies are the following: (1 the new data on the ice thicknesses, ice volumes, subglacial relief, internal structure, and thermal state of the glaciers were obtained; (2 the two‑layered (polythermal glaciers consisting of the upper layer of cold ice and the lower layer of temperate water‑filled ice had been revealed in Svalbard for the first time; spatial distribution of cold, polythermal and temperate glaciers had been determined; (3 the evidences were obtained that measured changes in thickness of the upper cold ice layer in polythermal glaciers can be used to estimate the long‑period variations of regional climates and serve as regional paleothermometers; (4 methods for estimating the water content in temperate and polythermal glaciers from the RES data were developed; and its space‑time variations in temperate ices of the Svaldbald glaciers were estimated since even small water content inside of them can noticeably change their dynamic behavior; (5 methods for estimating the ice volume within glaciers in large regions of mountain and polar glaciations had been created; the ice storages were estimated in Svalbard, Franz Josef Land, Dzhungrsky Alatau, the

  16. Coronary artery disease in Africa and the Middle East

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Kurdi MI

    2012-02-01

    Full Text Available Wael Almahmeed1, Mohamad Samir Arnaout2, Rafik Chettaoui3, Mohsen Ibrahim4, Mohamed Ibrahim Kurdi5, Mohamed Awad Taher6, Giuseppe Mancia71Heart and Vascular Institute, Sheikh Khalifa Medical City, Abu Dhabi, United Arab Emirates; 2American University of Beirut Medical Center, Beirut, Lebanon; 3General and Cardiovascular Clinic of Tunis, Tunisia; 4Cairo University, Cairo, Egypt; 5King Khalid University Hospital and The Kingdom Hospital, Saudi Arabia; 6Ain Shams University School of Medicine, Cairo, Egypt; 7University of Milan, Bicocca, Milan, ItalyAbstract: Countries in Africa and the Middle East bear a heavy burden from cardiovascular disease. The prevalence of coronary heart disease is promoted in turn by a high prevalence of cardiovascular risk factors, particularly smoking, hypertension, dyslipidemia, diabetes, and sedentary lifestyles. Patients in Africa and the Middle East present with myocardial infarction at a younger age, on average, compared with patients elsewhere. The projected future burden of mortality from coronary heart disease in Africa and the Middle East is set to outstrip that observed in other geographical regions. Recent detailed nationally representative epidemiological data are lacking for many countries, and high proportions of transient expatriate workers in countries such as Saudi Arabia and the United Arab Emirates complicate the construction of such datasets. However, the development of national registries in some countries is beginning to reveal the nature of coronary heart disease. Improving lifestyles (reducing calorie intake and increasing physical activity in patients in the region will be essential, although cultural and environmental barriers will render this difficult. Appropriate prescribing of pharmacologic treatments is essential in the prevention and management of cardiovascular disease. In particular, recent controversies relating to the therapeutic profile of beta-blockers may have reduced their use. The

  17. THE EFFECTS OF THE ATTACKS TO ANATOLIA BY MEHMED ALI PASHA ON NİĞDE AND NEVŞEHİR PROVINCES

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Efkan UZUN

    2012-08-01

    Full Text Available Mehmed Ali Pasha was the absolute ruler in Egypt since the Ottoman Empire was in very bad situation at that time as a result of some events. Mehmed Ali Pasha was among the soldiers sent to Egypt upon the invasion of the country by Napoleon. When his help was demanded to eliminate the rebellion in the Morea by the Sultan Mahmud the second of the Ottoman Empire, he wanted to be the governor of theMorea and the Crete Island in return for its help. However, when the Morea was taken by independent Greece in Edirne Treaty, therefore, he wanted to be the governor of Syria in place of the Morea. Sultan Mahmut the Second accepted to appoint him as the governor of the Crete Island but not Syria. As a result of this disagrement, he rebelled against the rule of The Ottoman Empire. His son, IbrahimPasha, invaded Syria with his Egyptian troops and he defeated the Ottoman army in Adana and Konya. He reached as far as Kutahya Province. The capital city, Istanbul,was in jeopardy and Sultan Mahmut the second, had to demand the aidof the Russians.When the Russian Navy reached Istanbul, England and France became worried about the situation. The domestic problem turned into an international one.The problem was solved temporarily by Kutahya Treaty signed by related states.In our study, issues related to the event such as the critical situations at that time, the worries of the people of the provinces, the technical and military support given to the empire by the provinces during Ibrahim Pasha's attacks, son of Mehmed Ali Pasha were discussed in the light of some documents and data emerged lately.The aim of the study is to introduce and discuss the event with a different aspect. Therefore, the studies about the subject done so far and documents in the archives of the empire were used. Screening model, one of the qualitative research was used in the study.

  18. Modern processes controlling the sea bed sediment formation in Barents Sea

    Science.gov (United States)

    Balanyuk, I.; Dmitrievsky, A.; Shapovalov, S.; Chaikina, O.; Akivis, T.

    2009-04-01

    The Barents Sea is one of the key regions for understanding of the postglacial history of the climate and circulation of the World Ocean. There are the limits of warm North Atlantic waters penetration to the Arctic and a zone of interaction between Atlantic and Arctic waters. The Barents Se's limits are the deep Norwegian Sea in the West, the Spitsbergen Island and the Franz Josef Land and the deep Nansen trough in the North, the Novaya Zemlya archipelago in the East and the North shore of Europe in the South. An analysis of Eurasian-Arctic continental margin shows correspondence between the rift systems of the shelf with those of the ocean. This relation can be observed in the central Arctic region. All the rift systems underlying the sediment basin are expressed in the sea bed relief as spacious and extensive graben valleys burnished by lobes. Two transverse trenches cross both shelf and continental slope, namely the Medvezhinsky trench between Norway and Spitsbergen in the West and the Franz Victoria trench between Spitsbergen and the Franz Josef Land in the North. The Barents and the Kara Seas are connected by the Kara Gate Strait and wide transverse trough of Saint Anna in the North-West. The recent assessment of the eolian solid sediment supply to the Barents Sea is about 0.904 tons. The Barents Sea as a whole should be considered as "starving" in terms of its feeding with solid sediment matter. Observations show the considerable part of the sea bottom to be free of Holocene sediment cover. The more ancient Quaternary units or bedrock can be seen at the bottom surface. This phenomenon is the most typical for arches of relatively shallow elevations. Thick accumulations of new sediments are connected with fjords. The amount of sea ice delivered from the Barents Sea to the Arctic Ocean is 35 km3 a year. This value should be added by iceberg delivery from the North island of Novaya Zemlya, the Franz Josef Land, the Spitsbergen Island and North Norway but most of

  19. Slovenia country report

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Janzekovic, Helena [Slovenian Nuclear Safety Administration, Zelezna 16, 01000 Ljubljana (Slovenia)

    2008-07-01

    Nuclear in Slovenia: Electricity share: {approx} 40% nuclear (Krsko NPP). Nuclear facilities: 1 research reactor, TRIGA MARK II (1957), 250 kW; 1 NPP at Krsko, Westinghouse PWR (1981), 727 MWe; Central Interim Storage for Radwaste, operator ARAO. Public acceptance: No extensive campaigns against nuclear option exist. Energy policy: Existing nuclear facilities will operated in a future. 'National Energy Program' addresses nuclear power (i.e. possibility to build a new NPP). Nuclear waste: Siting of the LILW repository takes place. Nuclear research is concentrated at the 'Josef Stefan' Institute. Nuclear competences challenge in Slovenia: - Maintenance the knowledge of experts in a field at all institutions through international seminars, conferences, expert missions etc., 'maintenance of the state of the art' - Replacement of the expertise of retired personnel (e.g. special internal programmes at the NPP). - Introduction of new crews in a field (two faculties exist, post graduate programme, a new one with the undergraduate programme is going to be been established). - Recognition of the 'strategic' knowledge at institutions and a balance between the 'strategic' knowledge and a use of outside knowledge. The expertise in a 'nuclear' field has a long history: - The 'Josef Stefan' Institute was established in 1949. - The first radioactive source was bought in 1902 (Ra-226). WIN - Slovenia Main achievements: New initiatives of the WIN - publications 2007 (A leaflet presenting WIN in Slovenia, Web site presenting WIN in Slovenia (http://www.djs.si/), A book 'Physics - my profession' (Life and work of women in physics in Slovenia) was prepared by the Union of Women in Physics. WIN members were co-authors and participated in the board of editors. The award to this board was given by the Slovenian Science Foundation in 2008. New initiative of the WIN - visits of companies working in the nuclear

  20. The Analysis of Water Metaphor in Beowulf%史诗贝尔武夫中的水隐喻分析

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    刘晓

    2016-01-01

    作为最早的英语文学著作,史诗贝尔武夫写于公元10世纪,描述公元3-4世纪的斯堪的纳维亚半岛上人的社会生活。史诗中使用的是古英语,但该文分析的材料是现代英语的译本,译本中尽量保留了古英语中丰富的隐喻。该文意图从认知语言学角度出发,对史诗中的隐喻进行分类,分析和总结,让读者对其中所含的意象有更形象的了解和认知。Josef Stern(2000)在他的著作Metaphor in Context中提到,很多不同的元素可以相互联系,通过隐喻的方式相互表达出来。在该理论的基础上,该文将着重分析贝尔武夫史诗中的“水意象”隐喻,并分析构成隐喻关联的语言,文化和社会背景。%Abstracts:As the earliest English literature, the epic Beowulf was written in 10th century, describing the lives of Scandinavians in 3th and 4th century. The language used in the epic is old English, but the original text applied in this article is the modern English translation, which has preserved most metaphors in old English version. The article intends to analyze and categorize these meta-phors from the perspective of cognitive linguistics, in order to give the readers a better understanding of the images used in the epic. Josef Stern has mentioned in his works in 2000 that various elements can interact and express each other through meta-phors; based on this theory, the article mainly focuses on the“water”metaphor in Beowulf, analyzes the formation of meta-phors, as well as the cultural and social background.

  1. Music and the Nature: Input of the Czech Composers

    Science.gov (United States)

    Nemec, Vaclav; Nemcova, Lidmila

    2014-05-01

    Extraordinary occasions for art of any kind - music, creative graphic and plastic arts, literature (classic, modern incl. science fiction), theatre, cinema, etc. - exist to harmonise individual personal interests with those of the humanity well-being and of the Nature and also to cultivate individual spirituality and the appropriate values. Arts can be applied as irreplaceable means for making any human being better, for improving his sense for solidarity and for increasing his ethical sensibility. An interest for the art should be cultivated already since the childhood. - How much of inspiration for numerous composers all over the world has been given by the Nature, how much of inspiration for people who by listening to such a music are increasing nobility of their behaviour as well as their friendly approach to the Nature. - Many classical music works have been written with a strong inspiration by the Nature itself from the past until today. The actual Year of the Czech Music gives the possibility to present the most famous Czech composers inspired by the Nature (selected examples only): Bedřich Smetana (1824 - 1884): At the sea shore - a concert etude for piano inspired by his stay in Göteborg (Sweden); Vltava (Moldau) - a symphonic poem from the cycle "My country" inspired by the river crossing Bohemia from the South to Prague; From the Bohemian woods and meadows - another symphonic poem from the same cycle. Antonín Dvořák (1841 - 1904): V přírodě (In the Nature) - a work for orchestra Leoš Janáček (1854 - 1928): Příhody li\\vsky Bystrou\\vsky (The Cunning Little Vixen) - an opera situated mostly in a forest. Josef Bohuslav Foerster (1859-1951): Velké širé rodné lány (Big large native fields) - a choir for men singers inspired by the nature in the region where the composer as a boy from Prague was visiting his grand-father. Vítězslav Novák (1870 - 1949): In Tatra mountains - a symphonic poem expressing the author's passion for the famous

  2. Glacier surface melt characterization and trend analysis (1992-2011) in the Russian High Arctic from combined resolution-enhanced scatterometer and passive microwave data

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zhao, M.; Ramage, J. M.; Semmens, K. A.

    2012-12-01

    Global warming has been pronounced in the remote glacierized archipelagoes (Severnaya Zemlya, Novaya Zemlya and Franz Josef Land) of the Russian High Arctic (RHA) and its effect on the low altitude, high latitude small ice caps needs examination. The timing and spatial variability of snow melt onset, duration and intensity are key factors influencing mass balance and the ice marginal hydrological system as well as important indicators of glacial response to anthropogenic and natural forcings. Characterization and trend analysis of RHA glacier melt behaviors provide insight about assessing the mass loss rate under recent Arctic climate change. However, due to the harsh environment, long term records of glaciological data for RHA are limited, necessitating the application of remotely sensed data to accomplish the research. The high sensitivity to liquid water and the ability to penetrate non-precipitating clouds enables microwave remote sensing to detect glacier surface melt. The appearance of melt water in snow dramatically decreases the returned scatterometer radar signal from active microwave sensors and sharply augments passive microwave emission. Based on this feature, we combined resolution-enhanced ERS-1/2 C-band (1992-2000), QuickSCAT Ku-band (2000-2009), ASCAT C-band (2009-2011) scatterometer data and SSMI 37 GHz (1995-2007) vertically polarized passive microwave products from Brigham Young University and analyzed glacier surface melt trends from 1992 to 2011 with a spatial resolution downscaled to 4.45km. We concatenated scatterometer derived melt behaviors by overlapping years and refined the results based on passive microwave data. Cross-validation shows that melt timing to be consistent between the active and passive sensors. Trend analysis (α < 0.005) reveals that the average glacier surface melt onset date occurs earlier by approximately 0.85 days/year in Severnaya Zemlya which outpaced the mean advancing rate in the pan-Arctic. Surrounded by ocean

  3. Difference of Gene Expression in Adrenal Gland of H22 Tumour Mice of Yang-Qi Deficiency Syndrome and Qi-Yin-Yang Deficiency Syndrome%阳气虚和气阴阳虚证荷瘤小鼠肾上腺基因表达的差异性

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    潘志强; 廖明娟; 高必峰; 方肇勤; 卢文丽; 梁超; 吴中华; 刘小美; 侯俐; 张辉; 卓少元

    2008-01-01

    目的:揭示H22荷瘤小鼠阳气虚证和气阴阳虚证肾上腺基因表达的特征.方法:采用小鼠标准化四诊及辨证方法,以及GeneChip Mouse Exon 1.0 ST Array等技术,检测H22荷瘤小鼠中期阳气虚证及中晚期气阴阳虚证肾上腺基因表达的差异.结果:①筛选阳气虚证独特上调基因52条、独特下调基因11条;气阴阳虚证独特上调和下调基因分别为23条和4条.②阳气虚证肾上腺独特上调的基因涉及到蛋白水解类,如Klk1家族、Ctrc、Ctrb1、Ren1、Ela3、Cpa1、Prss2、Cpb1:脂类代谢基因,如Clps、Pnlip、Pnliprp1、Cel;精子发生类基因,如Tnp2、Tnp、Crisp1、Prm1、Prm2、Smcp等;激素相关蛋白,如Pip、Abpg等.阳气虚证独特下调的基因涉及脂代谢类,如Scd1、Fasn、Acaca、Acss2、Pnpla3.③气阴阳虚证独特上调基因,包括参与炎症应答类基因,如S100a8、S100a9、Alox5ap、Orm1、Kng1、Mpo;参与血凝聚与正调控细胞增殖基因,如Fga、Fgb、Fgg、Prtn3、Fgl1等;参与离子运输,如Lcn2、Hpxn、Ltf等.气阴阳虚证独特下调基因仅4条.结论:H22荷瘤小鼠阳气虚证和气阴阳虚证肾上腺存在大量的基因表达改变,构成了这两个证候内在的特征.

  4. Umbilical metastasis of unknown primary presenting as umbilical hernia: a case report

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ibrahim W Adamu

    2010-11-01

    Full Text Available Ibrahim W Adamu1, Noubar Kevorkian1, Genato Romulo1, Stephen S Carryl1, Armand Asarian1, Philip Q Xiao21Department of Surgery, 2Department of Pathology, The Brooklyn Hospital Center, Brooklyn, NY, USAAbstract: Umbilical metastasis is well known to be a late stage of malignancy and is associated with a poor prognosis. The majority of such cases are associated with primary gastrointestinal and gynecologic malignancies, and fewer cases are noted to derive from the thoracic cavity and the urinary tract. In this report, we describe a rare case of metastasis that presented as incarcerated umbilical hernia with no primary sites found. Extensive work-up, including tumor markers, imaging studies, endoscopies, and immunohistochemical analysis, failed to identify the primary source of this malignancy; this was a rare case of Sister Mary Joseph’s nodule with unknown primary. Therefore, it is very important for a surgeon to consider metastasis among the differential diagnosis of umbilical hernia.Keywords: umbilical metastasis, Sister Mary Joseph’s Nodule, hernia

  5. Inhalation drug delivery devices: technology update

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ibrahim M

    2015-02-01

    Full Text Available Mariam Ibrahim, Rahul Verma, Lucila Garcia-ContrerasDepartment of Pharmaceutical Sciences, College of Pharmacy, The University of Oklahoma Health Sciences Center, Oklahoma City, OK, USAAbstract: The pulmonary route of administration has proven to be effective in local and systemic delivery of miscellaneous drugs and biopharmaceuticals to treat pulmonary and non-pulmonary diseases. A successful pulmonary administration requires a harmonic interaction between the drug formulation, the inhaler device, and the patient. However, the biggest single problem that accounts for the lack of desired effect or adverse outcomes is the incorrect use of the device due to lack of training in how to use the device or how to coordinate actuation and aerosol inhalation. This review summarizes the structural and mechanical features of aerosol delivery devices with respect to mechanisms of aerosol generation, their use with different formulations, and their advantages and limitations. A technological update of the current state-of-the-art designs proposed to overcome current challenges of existing devices is also provided.Keywords: pulmonary delivery, asthma, nebulizers, metered dose inhaler, dry powder inhaler

  6. RUSSIAN SCHOLARS AND THE QUR’ÂN: Historical Perspective of The Development of Russian Orientalists In The 19th–20th Centuries

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Wan Jamaluddin Z

    2011-06-01

    Full Text Available Ilmuan Rusia dan al-Qur’an: Perspektif Sejarah Perkembangan Orientalis Rusia abad ke 19 dan 20. Setelah keberhasilan Mullah Usman Ibrahim pada abad ke 18, studi al-Qur’an di Rusia sejak abad ke 19 tidak mengalami kemajuan signifikan. Kondisi ini berlanjut hingga G.S. Sablukov dan D.N Boguslavskiy pada akhirya menciptakan karya sendiri mereka tentang tafsir al-Qur’an pada masa paruh kedua abad ke 19. Perkembangan tradisi Rusia dalam pengkajian al- Qur’an semakin pesat ketika ilmuan Rusia yang lain, I. Yu. Krachkovsky, memper- kenalkan pendekatan baru dalam memahami dan menginterpretasi Kitab Suci al- Qur’an bagi masyarakat Rusia pada awal abad ke 20. Dalam makalah ini penulis mengemukakan bahwa sangat disayangkan, ilmuan Rusia memasuki era kegelapan dalam pengkajian al-Qur’an ketika regim Komunis Soviet menagmbil alih kendali pemerintahan dan memperkenalkan kebijakan dan propaganda ateistis pada paruh kedua abad ke 20. Makalah ini berupaya untuk menganalisa sejarah perkembangan studi al-Qur’an dalam kondisi sosial, kultur dan politik atmosfir akademis Rusia.

  7. On Certain Classes of Multivalent Analytic Functions

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Rabha W. Ibrahim

    2010-01-01

    Full Text Available Problem statement: By means of the Hadamard product (or convolution, new class of function of power order was formed. This class was motivated by many authors namely MacGregor, Umezawa, Darus and Ibrahim and many others. The class indeed extended in the form of integral operator due to the work of Bernardi, Libera and Livingston. Approach: A new class of multivalent analytic functions in the open unit disk U was introduced. An application of this class was posed by using the fractional integral operator. The integral operator of multivalent functions was proposed and defined. The previous well known integral operator was mentioned. Results: Having the integral operator, a class was defined and coefficient bounds established by using standard method. These results reduced to well-known results studied by various authors. The operator was then applied for fractional calculus and obtained the coefficient bounds. Conclusion: Therefore, new operators could be obtained with some earlier results and standard methods. New classes were formed and new results of special cases were obtained.

  8. ADVANTG An Automated Variance Reduction Parameter Generator, Rev. 1

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Mosher, Scott W. [Oak Ridge National Lab. (ORNL), Oak Ridge, TN (United States); Johnson, Seth R. [Oak Ridge National Lab. (ORNL), Oak Ridge, TN (United States); Bevill, Aaron M. [Oak Ridge National Lab. (ORNL), Oak Ridge, TN (United States); Ibrahim, Ahmad M. [Oak Ridge National Lab. (ORNL), Oak Ridge, TN (United States); Daily, Charles R. [Oak Ridge National Lab. (ORNL), Oak Ridge, TN (United States); Evans, Thomas M. [Oak Ridge National Lab. (ORNL), Oak Ridge, TN (United States); Wagner, John C. [Oak Ridge National Lab. (ORNL), Oak Ridge, TN (United States); Johnson, Jeffrey O. [Oak Ridge National Lab. (ORNL), Oak Ridge, TN (United States); Grove, Robert E. [Oak Ridge National Lab. (ORNL), Oak Ridge, TN (United States)

    2015-08-01

    The primary objective of ADVANTG is to reduce both the user effort and the computational time required to obtain accurate and precise tally estimates across a broad range of challenging transport applications. ADVANTG has been applied to simulations of real-world radiation shielding, detection, and neutron activation problems. Examples of shielding applications include material damage and dose rate analyses of the Oak Ridge National Laboratory (ORNL) Spallation Neutron Source and High Flux Isotope Reactor (Risner and Blakeman 2013) and the ITER Tokamak (Ibrahim et al. 2011). ADVANTG has been applied to a suite of radiation detection, safeguards, and special nuclear material movement detection test problems (Shaver et al. 2011). ADVANTG has also been used in the prediction of activation rates within light water reactor facilities (Pantelias and Mosher 2013). In these projects, ADVANTG was demonstrated to significantly increase the tally figure of merit (FOM) relative to an analog MCNP simulation. The ADVANTG-generated parameters were also shown to be more effective than manually generated geometry splitting parameters.

  9. Gender differences and psychological factors associated with suicidal ideation among youth in Malaysia

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ibrahim N

    2017-04-01

    Full Text Available Norhayati Ibrahim, Noh Amit, Normah Che Din, Hui Chien Ong Health Psychology Program, Faculty of Health Sciences, Universiti Kebangsaan Malaysia, Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia Abstract: Suicide is a global phenomenon that has been showing an upward trend in recent years. It is the second leading cause of death among youth. Studies on suicidal ideation warrant greater attention, as it leads to suicide attempts and other health risk behaviors. Thus, the objective of this study was to compare gender differences in suicidal ideation and determine the predictors of suicidal ideation among youth. This cross-sectional study was carried out among 232 youths aged between 15 and 25 years from selected urban areas in Malaysia. The results showed that suicidal ideation was higher among male participants compared with female participants. Age was the predictor of suicidal ideation for males, while depression and loss of motivation, as components of hopelessness, were the predictors of suicidal ideation among females. Hence, it is important that professionals conduct early identification tests for suicidality among young people. This will facilitate the early detection of depression and hopelessness, which is important, in order to prevent suicidal behaviors or other problems before these occur. Keywords: suicidal ideation, youth, depression, hopelessness, gender

  10. Synthesis and characterization of silver/talc nanocomposites using the wet chemical reduction method

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Kamyar Shameli

    2010-09-01

    Full Text Available Kamyar Shameli1, Mansor Bin Ahmad1, Wan Zin Wan Yunus1, Nor Azowa Ibrahim1, Majid Darroudi21Department of Chemistry, Faculty of Science, 2Advanced Materials and Nanotechnology Laboratory, Institute of Advanced Technology, Universiti Putra Malaysia, Selangor, MalaysiaAbstract: In this study, silver nanoparticles (Ag-NPs were synthesized using the wet chemical reduction method on the external surface layer of talc mineral as a solid support. Silver nitrate and sodium borohydride were used as the silver precursor and reducing agent in talc. The talc was suspended in aqueous AgNO3 solution. After the absorption of Ag+ on the surface, the ions were reduced with NaBH4. The interlamellar space limits were without many changes (ds = 9.34–9.19 Aº; therefore, Ag-NPs formed on the exterior surface of talc, with dave = 7.60–13.11 nm in diameter. The properties of Ag/talc nanocomposites (Ag/talc-NCs and the diameters of the Ag-NPs prepared in this way depended on the primary AgNO3 concentration. The prepared Ag-NPs were characterized by ultraviolet-visible spectroscopy, powder X-ray diffraction, transmission electron microscopy, scanning electron microscopy, and Fourier transform infrared. These Ag/talc-NCs may have potential applications in the chemical and biological industries.Keywords: nanocomposites, silver nanoparticles, talc, powder X-ray diffraction, scanning electron microscopy

  11. 9th May 2008 - Members of Saudi government visiting ATLAS control room and cavern with Technical Coordinator M. Nessi and Adviser to the Director-General D. Blechschmidt.

    CERN Multimedia

    Mona Schweizer

    2008-01-01

    CERN-HI-0804043 05: from left to right 1st row Mrs. Ibtesam Badhrees, ATLAS Collaboration user Mr. Nadhmi Al-Nassr, Interim President, King Abdullah University of Science and Technology, KAUST H.E. Dr. Khaled S. Al-Sultan, Rector, King Fahd University for Petroleum and Minerals Mr. Abdallah S. Jum’ah, President and Chief Executive Officer, Saudi Aramco H.E. Dr. Ibrahim A. Al-Assaf, Minister of Finance H.E. Dr. Abdul Rahman Al-Tuwaijri, Chairman of Capital Markets Authority H.E. Dr. Mohammed I. Al-Suwaiyel, President, King Abdul Aziz City for Science & Technology KACST; 2nd row Mr. Salim S. Al-Aydh, Senior Vice President – Engineering & Project Management, Saudi Aramco Mr. Khalid A. Al-Falih, Executive Vice President – Operations, Saudi Aramco Mr. A. Othman, Saudi Aramco Mr. Peter Woicke, Member of the Saudi Aramco Board of Directors Mr. Abdulaziz F. Al-Khayyal, Senior Vice President – Industrial Relations, Saudi Aramco Mr. James W. Kinnear, Retired President & Chief Executive Office...

  12. Review of Green Arabia: Human Prehistory at the Crossroads of Continents

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Joe Roe

    2014-04-01

    Full Text Available ‘Green Arabia’ was a lively and smoothly run conference held at St John’s College, University of Oxford between the 2nd and 4th of April 2014. The facilities and organisation were excellent, and an opening address from HRH Prince Sultan Bin Salman Bin Abdul-aziz Al-Saud set the stage for a densely packed programme of world class research in Arabian archaeology. Papers arising from the organisers’ ongoing ERC-funded Palaeodeserts Project formed the backbone of four sessions on the environment and human landscape of early prehistoric Arabia. Michael Petraglia introduced this project in his keynote. The project targets an area largely neglected since systematic archaeological research began in Saudi Arabia in the 1970s, but which, as highlighted by Abdullah Alsharekh and Ali bin Ibrahim Al Ghabban, has recently been thrust onto the international research agenda. The central message that emerged over the two days was neatly summed up by Huw Groucutt: we can no longer ‘draw lines through Arabia’ when considering the dispersal of modern humans. The peninsula, linking Africa to Europe and Asia, was a critical nexus in early prehistory and demands the close attention of archaeologists in years to come.

  13. The role of fluticasone propionate/salmeterol combination therapy in preventing exacerbations of COPD

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Barbara P Yawn

    2010-06-01

    Full Text Available Barbara P Yawn1, Ibrahim Raphiou2, Judith S Hurley3, Anand A Dalal21Olmsted Medical Center, University of Minnesota, Rochester, Minnesota, USA; 2GlaxoSmithKline, Research Triangle Park, North Carolina, USA; 3Hurley Consulting, Placitas, New Mexico, USAAbstract: Exacerbations contribute significantly to the morbidity of COPD, leading to an accelerated decline in lung function, reduced functional status, reduced health status and quality of life, poorer prognosis and increased mortality. Prevention of exacerbations is thus an important goal of COPD management. In patients with COPD, treatment with a combination of the inhaled corticosteroid fluticasone propionate (250 μg and the long-acting β2-agonist salmeterol (50 μg in a single inhaler (250/50 μg is an effective therapy option that has been shown to reduce the frequency of exacerbations, to improve lung function, dyspnea and health status, and to be relatively cost-effective as a COPD maintenance therapy. Importantly, results of various studies suggest that fluticasone propionate and salmeterol have synergistic effects when administered together that improve their efficacy in controlling symptoms and reducing exacerbations. The present non-systematic review summarizes the role of fluticasone propionate/salmeterol combination therapy in the prevention of exacerbations of COPD and its related effects on lung function, survival, health status, and healthcare costs.Keywords: Advair, COPD, disease exacerbation, fluticasone propionate, salmeterol, combination drug therapy

  14. Time-dependent effect in green synthesis of silver nanoparticles

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    Darroudi M

    2011-04-01

    Full Text Available Majid Darroudi1,2, Mansor Bin Ahmad3, Reza Zamiri4, AK Zak5, Abdul Halim Abdullah1,3, Nor Azowa Ibrahim31Advanced Materials and Nanotechnology Laboratory, Institute of Advanced Technology (ITMA, Universiti Putra Malaysia, Selangor, Malaysia; 2Department of Chemistry, Faculty of Science, Ferdowsi University of Mashhad, Mashhad, Iran; 3Department of Chemistry, 4Department of Physics, Faculty of Science, Universiti Putra Malaysia, Selangor, Malaysia; 5Low Dimensional Materials Research Center, Department of Physics, Faculty of Science, University of Malaya, Kuala Lumpur, MalaysiaAbstract: The application of “green” chemistry rules to nanoscience and nanotechnology is very important in the preparation of various nanomaterials. In this work, we successfully developed an eco-friendly chemistry method for preparing silver nanoparticles (Ag-NPs in natural polymeric media. The colloidal Ag-NPs were synthesized in an aqueous solution using silver nitrate, gelatin, and glucose as a silver precursor, stabilizer, and reducing agent, respectively. The properties of synthesized colloidal Ag-NPs were studied at different reaction times. The ultraviolet-visible (UV-vis spectra were in excellent agreement with the obtained nanostructure studies performed by transmission electron microscopy (TEM and their size distributions. The prepared samples were also characterized by X-ray diffraction (XRD and atomic force microscopy (AFM. The use of eco-friendly reagents, such as gelatin and glucose, provides green and economic attributes to this work.Keywords: silver nanoparticles, gelatin, green chemistry, time-dependent effect, ultraviolet-visible spectra

  15. Peripapillary choroidal thickness in healthy Turkish subjects

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    Erbagci H

    2015-07-01

    Full Text Available Hulya Erbagci,1 Burak Oren,2 Seydi Okumus,3 Serhat Kenan,3 Pelin Celemler,3 Ibrahim Erbagci3 1Department of Anatomy, Medical Faculty, Zirve University Emine Bahattin Nakiboglu, Gaziantep, 2Department of Ophthalmology, Kilis State Hospital, Kilis, 3Department of Ophthalmology, Faculty of Medicine, University of Gaziantep, Gaziantep, Turkey Aim: The objective of the study reported here was to investigate the normal peripapillary choroidal thickness (CT, measured by enhanced depth imaging optical coherence tomography (EDI-OCT, in healthy Turkish volunteers. Materials and methods: In this prospective cross-sectional study, 57 eyes of 57 healthy Turkish subjects were enrolled. Each participant underwent a comprehensive ophthalmic examination and peripapillary CT measurement using EDI-OCT. Results: The mean age of the 25 female and 32 male patients in the study was 30.9±10.6 years (range, 18–56 years. The mean peripapillary CT at the superior, inferior, nasal, and temporal sites was 225±57, 183±47, 220±57, and 233±59 µm, respectively. The inferior peripapillary CT value was significantly lower than the peripapillary CT values (P<0.001 for all, whereas no significant differences were found between the superior, nasal, and temporal peripapillary CT values. Conclusion: The findings of the study revealed that Turkish people had significantly lower peripapillary CT values in the inferior quadrant than in the superior, nasal, and temporal quadrants. Keywords: peripapillary choroidal thickness, enhanced depth imaging optical coherence tomography, EDI-OCT

  16. Measuring Validity And Reliability of Perception of Online Collaborative Learning Questionnaire Using Rasch Model

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    Sharifah Nadiyah Razali

    2016-12-01

    Full Text Available This study aims to generate empirical evidence on the validity and reliability of Perception of Online Collaborative Learning Questionnaire (POCLQ using Rasch model. The questionnaire was distributed to 32 (N=32 Diploma Hotel Catering students from Politeknik Ibrahim Sultan, Johor (PIS. Data obtained was analysed using WINSTEP version 3.68 software. The finding showed that POCLQ had high reliability with five categories of difficulties items. So, it can be concluded that POCLQ is reliable and strongly accepted. Meanwhile, analysis of items fit showed there were six items that are not in the specified range and based on standardised residual correlation measurement value; there were five items found to be overlapped that should be dropped. All the items that needed to be dropped based on the analysis of result had been refined and retained for the purpose of the study and based on expert's view. Therefore, all items remained after Rasch analysis. It is hoped that this study will give emphasis to other researchers about the importance of analysing items to ensure the quality of an instrument being developed.

  17. The cognitive basis of diglossia in Arabic: Evidence from a repetition priming study within and between languages

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    Raphiq Ibrahim

    2009-09-01

    Full Text Available Raphiq IbrahimEdmond J. Safra Brain Research Center for the Study of Learning Disabilities, Department of Learning Disabilities, University of Haifa, Haifa, IsraelAbstract: This study examined diglossia and its cognitive basis in Arabic. Repetition priming effects were compared within spoken Arabic (SA, as well as with the effects found when the primes were in either literary Arabic (LA or Hebrew. In experiment 1, using lexical decisions for auditory presented words, a significant priming effect was found at lag 0 when the primes were in LA and in Hebrew. Furthermore, large repetition priming effects were found at relatively long lags (lag 8–12 within SA. This effect was absent when the repetition involved translation equivalents using either Hebrew or LA. The results showing that lexical decisions for words in SA were not influenced by previous presentations of translation equivalents in LA, in addition to the findings from a former study on semantic priming effects, suggest that the status of LA is similar to that of Hebrew and is consistent with the typical organization of L2 in a separate lexicon. Thus, learning LA appears to be, in some respects, more like learning a second language than like learning the formal register of one’s native language.Keywords: spoken Arabic, literary Arabic, bilingualism, repetition priming, translation equivalents, lexical organization

  18. Psychological distress, perceived stigma, and coping among caregivers of patients with schizophrenia

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    Ong HC

    2016-08-01

    Full Text Available Hui Chien Ong,¹ Norhayati Ibrahim,² Suzaily Wahab³ ¹Biomedical Science Programme, ²Health Psychology Programme, Faculty of Health Sciences, Universiti Kebangsaan Malaysia, ³Department of Psychiatry, Faculty of Medicine, Pusat Perubatan Universiti Kebangsaan Malaysia, Cheras, Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia Abstract: Nowadays, family members are gradually taking on the role of full-time caregivers for patients suffering from schizophrenia. The increasing burden and tasks of caretaking can cause them psychological distress such as depression or anxiety. The aim of this study was to measure the correlation between perceived stigma and coping, and psychological distress as well as determine the predictors of psychological distress among the caregivers. Results showed that 31.5% of the caregivers experienced psychological distress. “Community rejection” was found to be positively associated with psychological distress. In case of coping subscales, psychological distress had a positive correlation with substance use, use of emotional support, behavioral disengagement, venting, and self-blame, while it was negatively correlated with “positive reframing”. Behavioral disengagement was the best predictor of psychological distress among caregivers of patients with schizophrenia, followed by positive reframing, use of emotional support, self-blame, and venting. Health practitioners can use adaptive coping strategies instead of maladaptive for caregivers to help ease their distress and prevent further deterioration of psychological disorders. Keywords: family caregivers, social stigma, coping skills, psychological stress, schizophrenia

  19. Sunitinib: the antiangiogenic effects and beyond

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    Hao Z

    2016-09-01

    Full Text Available Zhonglin Hao, Ibrahim Sadek Department of Medicine, Section of Hematology and Oncology, Georgia Cancer Center, Medical College of Georgia, Augusta University, Augusta, GA, USA Abstract: As a multitargeted kinase inhibitor, sunitinib has carved its way into demonstrating itself as a most effective tyrosine kinase inhibitor in the treatment of metastatic renal cell carcinoma. Mechanistically, sunitinib inhibits multiple receptor tyrosine kinases, especially those involved in angiogenesis, that is, vascular endothelial growth factor receptor, platelet-derived growth factor receptor, and proto-oncogene cKIT. Sunitinib has also been implicated in enhancing cancer invasiveness and metastasis. Mechanisms of resistance are poorly understood, but both intrinsic and acquired mechanisms are thought to be involved. While the side effects are manageable, sunitinib, like many other tyrosine kinase inhibitors, can be associated with serious toxicities that require careful management including frequent dose reductions. Although still in the early stage, emerging evidence points to an immunomodulatory role for sunitinib. It is also likely to contribute to the overall outcomes, especially those seen in metastatic renal cell carcinoma, and such effects are thought to be mediated by the proto-oncogene cKIT receptor. Combination with other modalities such as stereotactic body radiation therapy, therapeutic vaccines, and checkpoint inhibitors is being pursued for improved efficacy. Keywords: sunitinib, angiogenesis, MDSC, cancer

  20. Kajian Proses Islamisasi di Indonesia (Studi Pustaka

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    Dalimunthe Dalimunthe

    2017-03-01

    Full Text Available The purpose of this study to describe the entry of Islam to Indonesia and the process of Islamization in Indonesia. The results show that, A. There are three theories about the coming of Islam to Indonesia: 1 The theory of Gujarat by Snouck, said the entry of Islam comes from Gujarat, based on: a the lack of facts that explain the role of Arabs in spreading Islam to the archipelago. b Indonesia-India trade relations have been established long time ago. c The oldest inscription of Islam in Sumatra illustrate the relationship between Sumatra with Gujarat. 2 Theory of Makkah, Hamka declare the entry of Islam to Indonesia first century H / 7 M, 3 The theory of its review to the Persian culture among Indonesian Islamic community have similarities with the Persians, among others: a the 10th anniversary of Ashura Muharram or as a memorial day for the deaths of Shiite martyrdom of Husain. b their clear affinity between Shaikh Siti jenar with Iranian Sufi Al-Hallaj. c use of the term Iranian language in Arabic letters spelling system. d a headstone on the grave Malikus Saleh (1297 and the tomb of Malik Ibrahim (1419 in Gresik booked from Gujarat.

  1. El humanismo como resistencia

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    Said Edward W.

    2011-05-01

    Full Text Available Hace nueve años escribí un epílogo para Orientalismo en el que, al intentaraclarar lo que había dicho y no había dicho, no sólo subrayaba los numerososdebates suscitados desde la aparición de mi libro, en 1978, sino el modo enque una obra sobre las representaciones de «Oriente» se prestaba a crecientetergiversación. Que ello me provoque hoy más ironía que irritación muestra loque he envejecido. Los recientes fallecimientos de mis dos grandes mentoresintelectuales, políticos y personales, Eqbal Ahmad e Ibrahim Abu-Lughod, mehan producido, además de tristeza y sentimiento de pérdida, resignación y unaespecie de terco empeño en seguir adelante. En mis memorias, Fuera de lugar(Grijalbo, 2001, hablaba de los extraños y contradictorios mundos en los que meeduqué y ofrecía a los lectores un relato detallado de las circunstancias que meformaron en Palestina, Egipto y Líbano. Pero era un texto muy personal, que sedetenía justo antes de mis años de compromiso político, iniciado tras la guerrade 1967 entre árabes e israelíes.

  2. Current role of endovascular therapy in Marfan patients with previous aortic surgery

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    Ibrahim Akin

    2008-02-01

    Full Text Available Ibrahim Akin, Stephan Kische, Tim C Rehders, Tushar Chatterjee, Henrik Schneider, Thomas Körber, Christoph A Nienaber, Hüseyin InceDepartment of Medicine, Division of Cardiology at the University Hospital Rostock, Rostock School of Medicine, Ernst-Heydemann-Str. 6, 18057 Rostock, GermanyAbstract: The Marfan syndrome is a heritable disorder of the connective tissue which affects the cardiovascular, ocular, and skeletal system. The cardiovascular manifestation with aortic root dilatation, aortic valve regurgitation, and aortic dissection has a prevalence of 60% to 90% and determines the premature death of these patients. Thirty-four percent of the patients with Marfan syndrome will have serious cardiovascular complications requiring surgery in the first 10 years after diagnosis. Before aortic surgery became available, the majority of the patients died by the age of 32 years. Introduction in the aortic surgery techniques caused an increase of the 10 year survival rate up to 97%. The purpose of this article is to give an overview about the feasibility and outcome of stent-graft placement in the descending thoracic aorta in Marfan patients with previous aortic surgery.Keywords: Marfan syndrome, aortic dissection, root replacement, stent-graft, previous aortic surgery

  3. Phenotypic recurrent selection on herb growth yield of citronella grass (Cymbopogon nardus grown in Egypt

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    MOHAMED M. IBRAHIM

    2013-11-01

    Full Text Available Ibrahim MM,Khalid KA. 2013. Phenotypic recurrent selection on herb growth yield of citronella grass (Cymbopogon nardus grown in Egypt. Nusantara Bioscience 5: 68-72. This investigation was conducted in four generations: base population (G0, G1, G2 and G3 (clone selection generation to evaluate the genetic variability of citronella clones. Thirteen clones were selected from base population to study the herb growth yield characters and oil production as well as genetic parameters, correlation and regression. Results were recorded for herb growth characters (i.e. plant high (PH, no. of tillers (NOT, dry yield (DY, viability percentage (VP and oil production. Significant variation was observed among citronella clones in base population for most studied traits. Wide range of mean values was observed among the characters for generations and cuts in most of traits. High heritability values (0.95, 0.93, 0.89 and 0.72 were estimated in NOT, LG, HY and VP., respectively. Clone code no. 39/3, 17/4 and 8/1 gave highest values of dry weight, oil yield and viability percentage. Selected clones showed significant positive regression and correlation between dry weight and each of number of tillers and linear growth. On contrary, viability percentage had significant negative correlation and regression with other characters. These results raveled high yielding selected citronella clones will be utilized in medicinal plant breeding program.

  4. Sistem Informasi Mahasiswa Asing

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    Hari Robiansyah

    2017-03-01

    Full Text Available Abstract—A residence permit is permission given to foreigners by Immigration Officials or foreign-service officer to be in the region of Indonesia in a certain period of time. Foreign students studying in Indonesia must have a residence permit in order to continue learning in Indonesia. Residence permit have a time limit and must always be extended before it expires (overstayed. Foreign student information system and a reminder of this residence permit are systems built to help foreign students of UIN Maulana Malik Ibrahim Malang in reminding the residence permit problems. This research uses Agile Development with Scrum model in development. GNU All Mobile Management Utilities (GAMMU is used for sending SMS (Short Message Service, and Cron program is used for running SMS commands automatically each day. The results of this research are the foreign student information system and reminder that automatically provide reminder in the form of SMS to foreign students whose the validity period of residence permit will run out.

  5. Namadhij Min al-Fikr al-Mali fi al-Islam: Waraqah Ma’lumat Asasiyyah

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    Mustafa Dasuki Kasabah

    2009-03-01

    Full Text Available The renaissance of Islam in various countries has become new phenomenon in the global economy. At the same time it also become the challenge for the Western capitalism and Eastern socialism. This resurrection together with revised ideology and economic system is considered as the strategic solution. Frankly, Islam is the religion which has brought back the core of economy to its position proportionally. In order to get concrete and clear idea on Islamic economy, here the writer presents five books written by Muslim scholars, classic as well as contemporary. The first is Kitab al-Amwal written by Abu Ubaid bin Salam, according to Khalil Harras this book is considered as the best and the most comprehensive book of Islamic economy. The second is Kitab Al-Ahkam al-Sultaniyyah written by Imam Mawardi. The third is Al-Fikr al-Mali written by Ibnu Khaldun, which has high scientific authority from other books, it is systematic as well as contextual. The fourth is al-Iradat al-‘Ammah li al-Daulah al-Islamiyyah fi Sadr al-Islam wa Tatbiqatuha al-Mu’asirah written by Monzer Kahf. The fifth is Al-Nafaqat al-‘Ammah fi Al-Islam: Dirasah Muqaranah written by Yusuf Ibrahim Yusuf. The first three authors are classics and the rest are contemporary.

  6. RECREATIONAL TENDENCIES AND THE FACTORS PREVENTING UNIVERSITY STUDENTS PARTICIPATING TO RECREATIONAL ACTIVITES ACCORDING TO GENDER

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    Yaşar ÇORUH

    2014-07-01

    Full Text Available The purpose of the study of university students according to gender; recreational activity participation trends and participation in these events in the factors which may impede the examination of population of the study, Agri Ibrahim Chechen University 2012 - 2013 academic year, students who are studying the sample group the Islamic Sciences Faculty, Faculty of Arts and Education at the Faculty of normal and used in teaching students selected by the random sampling method and volunteered to participate in the research consisted of 490 individuals . Working as a data collection tool "Leisure Barriers" scale is used. Working for the analysis of two independent sample t - test and ANOVA were applied, no significant differences found as a result of these practices in order to determine the source of the Duncan test was performed. The scale used in the study in three of the six factors of the variations observed according to the specified arguments, but this perspective more " time and lack of interest in" the focus has been understood that.

  7. Hyperacute drug-induced hepatitis with intravenous amiodarone: case report and review of the literature

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    Nasser M

    2013-09-01

    Full Text Available Mohammad Nasser, Timothy R Larsen, Barryton Waanbah, Ibrahim Sidiqi, Peter A McCullough Providence Hospitals and Medical Centers, Department of Medicine, Division of Cardiology, Southfield and Novi, MI, USA Abstract: Amiodarone is a benzofuran class III antiarrhythmic drug used to treat a wide spectrum of ventricular tachyarrhythmias. The parenteral formulation is prepared in polysorbate 80 diluent. We report an unusual case of acute elevation of aminotransaminase concentrations after the initiation of intravenous amiodarone. An 88-year-old Caucasian female developed acute hepatitis and renal failure after initiating intravenous amiodarone for atrial fibrillation with a rapid ventricular response in the setting of acutely decompensated heart failure and hepatic congestion. Liver transaminases returned to baseline within 7 days after discontinuing the drug. Researchers hypothesized that this type of injury is related to liver ischemia with possible superimposed direct drug toxicity. The CIOMS/RUCAM scale identifies our patient’s acute hepatitis as a highly probable adverse drug reaction. Future research is needed to understand the mechanisms by which hyperacute drug toxicity occurs in the setting of impaired hepatic perfusion and venous congestion. Keywords: intravenous amiodarone, acute hepatotoxicity, liver transaminases, drug-induced liver toxicity

  8. Isolated cotton-wool spots of unknown etiology: management and sequential spectral domain optical coherence tomography documentation

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    Ioannides A

    2011-10-01

    Full Text Available Antonis Ioannides1, Nikolaos D Georgakarakos2, Ibrahim Elaroud3, Petros Andreou1 1Ophthalmology Department, Mid-Essex Hospitals NHS Trust, Chelmsford, 2Institute of Ophthalmology, University College London, London, 3Ophthalmology Department, Mid-Yorkshire Hospitals NHS Trust, Yorkshire, UK Abstract: Cotton-wool spots (CWSs are common retinal manifestations of many diseases including diabetes mellitus, systemic hypertension, and acquired immunodeficiency syndrome. Clinically they appear as whitish, fluffy patches on the retina and eventually fade with time. In this study, spectral domain optical coherence tomography (SD-OCT with mapping was used to demonstrate in vivo the characteristics of an isolated CWS in a 59-year-old patient as well as its appearance immediately after ophthalmoscopic resolution. Presented here is the work-up and management of this clinical problem for the ophthalmologist. The authors propose that SD-OCT could be a valuable research tool in characterizing and following the dynamic CWS changes at individual retinal layer level, with potential clinical applications as a screening or diagnostic tool in CWS-related diseases. Keywords: SD-OCT, spectral domain optical coherence tomography, retinal lesion

  9. Editorial

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    Selçuk NAS

    2016-06-01

    Full Text Available We are together with you once more with the second issue of its fourth publishing year of our Journal of ETA Maritime Science. This issue consists mostly of ‘’marine engineering’’ subjects along with seven precious researches. Researches regarding ‘’vessel traffic management’’, ‘’ergonomics’’ and ‘’nutrition’’ subjects are presented to our readers first time in our Journal. Our efforts to increase the national and international recognition of our Journal still continue. Tracing process under the scope of Engineering Sciences of TUBITAK-ULAKBIM in national extent is in progress and we are waiting positive outcome for our application within this year. We are expecting you to refer to articles of JEMS in your researches sent to national and international journals for us to comply with the condition precedent of reference for our international recognition. As per the Academic Incentive Allocations Act of Turkey published in 2015, JEMS is covered amongst the journals which are monitored in international indexes except SCI-Expanded. I hereby present our gratitude to our writers who provide their valuable researches, our reviewers, section editors, foreign language editors and layout editors who strictly follow our publishing policies and ensure that we publish qualified issues and our sponsor Esteemed Ibrahim Kontaytekin & Arkas Marine Fleet General Management for their valuable contribution in publishing and distribution of this issue.

  10. Photogeneration of Polarons in Sexithiophene Oligomers

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ehrenfreund, Eitan

    1996-03-01

    We present photoexcitation studies of vacuum deposited neutral films of sexithiophene (6T) using photoinduced absorption spectroscopy and photoinduced absorption detected magnetic resonance (PADMR) techniques. We find evidence for photoinduced polarons (photoexcited ``radical ions'') having spin 1/2, with two absorption bands at 0.80 and 1.54 eV, respectively, and with negative PADMR signal at g~=2. Similar absorption bands are observed in lightly p-doped sexithiophene, and are interpreted as due to 6T^ -- + radical cations. In addition, a photoinduced absorption band is found at ~=1.1 eV, which is shorter lived and decreases faster with increasing temperature than the polaron bands. We identify this band as due to spinless bipolarons (photoexcited ``di-ions''). A similar di-cation (6T^++) band has been identified in heavily p-doped sexithiophene. Each of the polaron and bipolaron peaks, observed here, is accompanied by a secondary shoulder on its low energy side. This observation may indicate a possible breaking of charge conjugation symmetry, with negatively charged polarons (bipolarons) having lower energy transitions than positively charged polarons (bipolarons). Finally, we have identified triplet excitons (S=1) with triplet-triplet transition energy at ~=1.45 eV. Work done in collaboration with J. Poplawski (Technion), X. Wei, P. Lane and Z.V. Vardeny (University of Utah, Salt Lake City, UT), M. Ibrahim and A.J. Frank (NREL, Golden, CO). Supported by the US--Israel Binational Science Foundation (BSF 94--256).

  11. Imaging X-ray, Optical, and Infrared Observations of the Transient Anomalous X-ray Pulsar XTE J1810-197

    CERN Document Server

    Gotthelf, E V; Buxton, M; Bailyn, C D

    2004-01-01

    We report an X-ray study of XTE J1810-197, a 5.54s pulsar discovered by Ibrahim (2003) in recent RXTE observations. In a short exposure with the Chandra HRC camera we detect one source at (J2000) 18:09:51.13, -19:43:51.7 with a 1-sigma uncertainty radius of 2.5 arcsec. Its flux is strongly modulated (58% pulsed fraction) at the expected period. Spectra obtained with XMM-Newton are well fitted by a two-component model that typically describes anomalous X-ray pulsars (AXPs), an absorbed blackbody plus power law with kT = 0.67+/-0.01 keV, Gamma=3.7+/-0.2, N_H=(1.05+/-0.05)E22 cm^-2, and Fx(0.5-10 keV) = 3.98E-11 ergs/cm2/s. Alternatively, a 2-Temp blackbody fit is just as acceptable. The location of CXOU J180951.1-194351 is consistent with an Einstein, Rosat, and ASCA source, when its flux was 75 times fainter, and from which no pulsations are found. The spectrum changed dramatically between the "quiescent" and "active" states, the former can be modeled as a softer blackbody. Using XMM timing data, we place an u...

  12. Phenolic substances in Ailanthus glandulosa Desf

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    Pekala Karolina

    2014-06-01

    Full Text Available The aim of this work was the isolation and identification of phenolic acids from fruit and leaves of Ailanthus glandulosa Desf. The methods used in the isolation and identification of the compounds were: isolation of phenolic acids modified by Ibrahim and Towers, acidic and alkaline hydrolysis by Schmidtlein and Herrmann and identification of phenolic acids in the isolated fraction of two-dimensional thin layer chromatography (TLC on cellulose plates. In the course of the study, the presence of phenolic acids in leaves and fruit of Ailanthus glandulosa Desf was confirmed. Overall, proportions of 15 phenolic acids were found and identified in the analyzed material. These are: gallic acid, ellagic acid, caffeic acid, gentisic acid, protocatechuic acid, p-hydroxybenzoic acid, m-hydroxybenzoic acid, ferulic acid, p-coumaric acid, syryngic acid, vanillic acid, salicylic acid, 2-hydroxy-4- methoxybenzoic acid, 2,5-dimethoxycinnamic, p-hydroxyphenylacetic acid, and 3 other compounds named A, B, C, whose identification was not possible due to the lack of suitable reference patterns. Studies have shown that leaves and fruit of the plant Ailanthus glandulosa Desf. contain a large number of phenolic acids which possess many important pharmacological activities.

  13. The hydrophilicity vs. ion interaction selectivity plot revisited: The effect of mobile phase pH and buffer concentration on hydrophilic interaction liquid chromatography selectivity behavior.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Iverson, Chad D; Gu, Xinyun; Lucy, Charles A

    2016-08-05

    This work systematically investigates the selectivity changes on many HILIC phases from w(w)pH 3.7-6.8, at 5 and 25mM buffer concentrations. Hydrophilicity (kcytosine/kuracil) vs. ion interaction (kBTMA/kuracil) selectivity plots developed by Ibrahim et al. (J. Chromatogr. A 1260 (2012) 126-131) are used to investigate the effect of mobile phase changes on the selectivity of 18 HILIC columns from various classes. "Selectivity change plots" focus on the change in hydrophilicity and ion interaction that the columns exhibit upon changing mobile phase conditions. In general, the selectivity behavior of most HILIC columns is dominated by silanol activity. Minimal changes in selectivity are observed upon changing pH between w(w)pH 5 and 6.8. However, a reduction in ionic interaction is observed when the buffer concentration is increased at w(w)pH≥5.0 due to ionic shielding. Reduction of the w(w)pH to<5.0 results in decreasing cation exchange activity due to silanol protonation. Under all eluent conditions, the majority of phases show little change in their hydrophilicity.

  14. Anophthalmia and serious microphthalmia: a summary of the problems associated with antenatal diagnosis and therapeutic refunding in Sub-Saharan Africa

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    Diomande IA

    2015-11-01

    Full Text Available Ibrahim Abib Diomande,1 Abdoulaye Toure,2 Konan Virgile Koffi,1 Gossé François Diomande,1 Windinmanégdé Pierre Djiguimde,3 Nouraly Habib,4 Ahgbatouhabéba Ahnoux-Zabsonre3 1Ophthalmology Department, Center Hospital University of Bouaké, University Alassane Ouattara, 2Radiology Department, Center Hospital University of Yopougon, University Félix Houphouët Boigny, Côte d'Ivoire; 3Ophthalmology Department, Center Hospital University Yalgado Ouédraogo, Ouagadougou, Burkina Faso; 4Radiology Department, Center Hospital University of Mahavoky Atsimo, Mahajanga, MadagascarAbstract: Anophthalmia and serious microphthalmia are conditions characterized by the complete lack of the primary optic vesicle or the presence of the rudimentary eye-like structure. These are rare prenatal conditions, yet diagnoses remain a challenge in Black African areas, raising a major concerns surrounding care after birth. This paper reports a case of anophthalmia and serious microphthalmia, the diagnosis of which was not possible despite many ultrasounds undergone by the mother during pregnancy.Keywords: pediatric, malformation, antenatal diagnosis, treatment, Africa

  15. Mobilization Potential and Democratization Processes of the Coalition for Clean and Fair Elections (Bersih in Malaysia: An Interview With Hishamuddin Rais

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    Ying Hooi Khoo

    2014-06-01

    Full Text Available In recent years, protests and popular mobilization have become pronounced elements in Malaysian politics. Bersih (clean demonstrations are notably the most outstanding protest events in Malaysian history. Bersih is a group of 89 non-governmental organizations (NGOs pushing for a thorough reform of the electoral process in Malaysia through rallies and demonstrations. Five opposition parties initiated the idea of Bersih in 2005 and included several NGOs in the ‘project’ later on. After the first Bersih street protests in November 2007 (Bersih 1.0, the political parties and the NGOs reached the ‘compromise pact’ that led to the formation of Bersih 2.0 in 2010 as a non-partisan movement free from any political interference. This interview explores the linkages to the broader democratization process in Malaysia from the perspective of Hishamuddin Rais (Isham, a prominent grassroots activist. Isham spent 20 years in political exile after the Baling student protest of 1974. He became active again in 1998 after the ouster of then Deputy Prime Minister Anwar Ibrahim, the current leader of the opposition coalition. Isham was a member of the Bersih Steering Committee for two years until he stepped down in 2012.

  16. Le livre français d'Istanbul (1730-1908

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    Johann Strauss

    2009-05-01

    Full Text Available Si l'on commence à connaître relativement bien l'histoire de la presse francophone en Turquie, il n'en est pas de même en ce qui concerne l'édition en langue française. Le livre français dans l'Empire ottoman commence en 1730 avec l'édition de la Grammaire turque de J. B. Holderman, imprimée par Ibrahim Muteferrika. À la fin du siècle, un développement prometteur fut suivi d'une période de stagnation. Le nombre de livres en français augmente considérablement dans la deuxième moitié du XIXe siècle après la guerre de Crimée. En dehors des publications officielles, il s'agissait principalement de travaux sur la législation, la langue, l'histoire et la médecine. Les œuvres purement littéraires (romans, poésie étaient rares. Les auteurs étaient des interprètes, des missionnaires, des enseignants, des journalistes, des officiels du gouvernement, des membres des minorités comme des Turcs de naissance.

  17. Who Moves the Malaysian Stock Market— the U.S. or Japan?: Empirical Evidence from the Pre-, During, and Post-1997 Asian Financial Crisis

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Rosylin Mohd. Yusof

    2006-09-01

    Full Text Available This paper examines long run co-movements between Malaysian stock market and the two largest stock markets in the world: the U.S. and Japan. By employing time-series analysis, i.e., cointegration, variance decompositions, and impulse response functions, the paper seeks to investigate which market actually leads the Malaysian stock market before, during, and after the 1997 Asian financial crisis periods. The results indicate that there is a co-movement of these markets only in the post crisis period. The Japanese stock market is found to significantly move the Malaysian stock market compared to U.S. stock market for the post-crisis period. At the same time, there seems to be a growing proportion of bilateral trade between Malaysia and Japan during the mentioned period. This finding seems to be consistent with the view that the stronger the bilateral trade ties between two countries, the higher the degree of co-movements (Masih and Masih 1999; Bracker et al. 1999; Pretorius 2002; Ibrahim 2003; Kearney and Lucey 2004. Our finding implies that the opportunities of gaining abnormal profits through investment diversification during the post-crisis period in the Malaysian and Japanese stock markets are diminishing as the markets move towards a greater integration. This further implies that any development in the Japanese economy has to be taken into consideration by the Malaysian government in designing policies pertaining to Malaysian stock market.

  18. Synthesis, characterization, and antimicrobial properties of copper nanoparticles

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    Usman MS

    2013-11-01

    Full Text Available Muhammad Sani Usman,1 Mohamed Ezzat El Zowalaty,2,5 Kamyar Shameli,1,3 Norhazlin Zainuddin,1 Mohamed Salama,4 Nor Azowa Ibrahim1 1Department of Chemistry, Faculty of Science, 2Laboratory of Vaccines and Immunotherapeutics, Institute of Bioscience, Universiti Putra Malaysia, Selangor, Malaysia; 3Materials and Energy, Research Center, Karaj, Iran; 4Faculty of Pharmacy, UiTM, Puncak Alam, Selangor, Malaysia; 5Department of Environmental Health, Faculty of Public Health and Tropical Medicine, Jazan University, Jazan, Kingdom of Saudi Arabia Abstract: Copper nanoparticle synthesis has been gaining attention due to its availability. However, factors such as agglomeration and rapid oxidation have made it a difficult research area. In the present work, pure copper nanoparticles were prepared in the presence of a chitosan stabilizer through chemical means. The purity of the nanoparticles was authenticated using different characterization techniques, including ultraviolet visible spectroscopy, transmission electron microscopy, X-ray diffraction, Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy, and field emission scanning electron microscopy. The antibacterial as well as antifungal activity of the nanoparticles were investigated using several microorganisms of interest, including methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus, Bacillus subtilis, Pseudomonas aeruginosa, Salmonella choleraesuis, and Candida albicans. The effect of a chitosan medium on growth of the microorganism was studied, and this was found to influence growth rate. The size of the copper nanoparticles obtained was in the range of 2–350 nm, depending on the concentration of the chitosan stabilizer. Keywords: chitosan, copper nanoparticles, antimicrobial activity, chemical synthesis, aqueous medium

  19. The phylodynamics of the rabies virus in the Russian Federation

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lukashev, Alexander N.; Poleshchuk, Elena M.; Dedkov, Vladimir G.; Tkachev, Sergey E.; Sidorov, Gennadiy N.; Karganova, Galina G.; Galkina, Irina V.; Shchelkanov, Mikhail Yu.; Shipulin, German A.

    2017-01-01

    Near complete rabies virus N gene sequences (1,110 nt) were determined for 82 isolates obtained from different regions of Russia between 2008 and 2016. These sequences were analyzed together with 108 representative GenBank sequences from 1977–2016 using the Bayesian coalescent approach. The timing of the major evolutionary events was estimated. Most of the isolates represented the steppe rabies virus group C, which was found over a vast geographic region from Central Russia to Mongolia and split into three groups (C0-C2) with discrete geographic prevalence. A single strain of the steppe rabies virus lineage was isolated in the far eastern part of Russia (Primorsky Krai), likely as a result of a recent anthropogenic introduction. For the first time the polar rabies virus group A2, previously reported in Alaska, was described in the northern part of European Russia and at the Franz Josef Land. Phylogenetic analysis suggested that all currently circulating rabies virus groups in the Russian Federation were introduced within the few last centuries, with most of the groups spreading in the 20th century. The dating of evolutionary events was highly concordant with the historical epidemiological data. PMID:28225771

  20. Gerstmann, Sträussler, and Scheinker: the persecution of the men behind the syndrome.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zeidman, Lawrence A; Ziller, Matthias Georg; Shevell, Michael

    2014-07-15

    In 1936, Austrian neuroscientists Josef Gerstmann and Ernst Sträussler, along with expatriate Russian neuroscientist Ilya Mark Scheinker, described the familial prion disorder later named for them from a case they mutually treated at a Viennese neurologic hospital. In 1938, Austria was annexed to Nazi Germany in the Anschluss, effectively ending any collaboration between the 3 men. Gerstmann and Scheinker eventually immigrated to America, and Sträussler, although dismissed from his faculty position, remained protected from persecution in Vienna throughout the war likely because of his marriage to an "Aryan woman." Although he attained some degree of success in exile, Gerstmann was never again director of a hospital and primarily maintained a private practice after some brief consulting positions in New York in the 1940s. His medical degree was retroactively stripped by the Nazis without his knowledge, and was not reinstated until 1955. Gerstmann also became embroiled in a bitter struggle to regain his confiscated property in Vienna. Scheinker, aided by the refugee resettlement committee, settled in Cincinnati where he had several successful years and published 3 textbooks, but was denied university tenure and entered private practice until his untimely death. All 3 neurologists lost significant career momentum, and had to pick up the pieces of their fractured lives after the war or their forced exile. Their stories reflect many of the tragic realities of Nazi persecution of Jewish physicians.

  1. Lingual angioedema with macroglossia during the treatment of acute ischemic stroke with alteplase

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    Yayan J

    2012-02-01

    Full Text Available Josef YayanDepartment of Internal Medicine, Vinzentius-Hospital, Landau, GermanyAbstract: Alteplase (recombinant tissue plasminogen activator has been used in the treatment of acute ischemic stroke for 10 years. The application of this drug is considered safe and effective. However, alteplase is also associated with side effects. The author is reporting on an unusual side effect of angioedema that is triggered by alteplase. Angioedema occurs through alteplase according to this study at a frequency of 5.88% (95% confidence interval: 0.98% to 28.76%. In this case immunoglobulin G was slightly increased. The relative risk to get an angioedema compared between the two genders is elevated in men 3.3 (95% confidence interval: 0.15% to 71.90%; P = 0.4423, who were 3.3 times more likely to suffer than women. The use of angiotensin-converting-enzyme (ACE inhibitors is considered a possible risk factor for the occurrence of angioedema with concomitant administration of tissue plasminogen activator. The angioedema may occur with use of alteplase at any time, so treatment with this drug must always be carried out in intensive care and doctors must be ready for intubation if necessary.Keywords: angioedema, macroglossia, alteplase, ischemic stroke

  2. Geological and geodynamic reconstruction of the East Barents megabasin from analysis of the 4-AR regional seismic profile

    Science.gov (United States)

    Startseva, K. F.; Nikishin, A. M.; Malyshev, N. A.; Nikishin, V. A.; Valyushcheva, A. A.

    2017-07-01

    The article considers problems related to the geological structure and geodynamic history of sedimentary basins of the Barents Sea. We analyze new seismic survey data obtained in 2005-2016 to refine the geological structure model for the study area and to render it in more detail. Based on the data of geological surveys in adjacent land (Novaya Zemlya, Franz Josef Land, and Kolguev Island), drilling, and seismic survey, we identified the following geodynamic stages of formation of the East Barents megabasin: Late Devonian rifting, the onset of postrift sinking and formation of the deep basin in Carboniferous-Permian, unique (in terms of extent) and very rapid sedimentation in the Early Triassic, continued thermal sinking with episodes of inversion vertical movements in the Middle Triassic-Early Cretaceous, folded pressure deformations that formed gently sloping anticlines in the Late Cretaceous-Cenozoic, and glacial erosion in the Quaternary. We performed paleoreconstructions for key episodes in evolution of the East Barents megabasin based on the 4-AR regional profile. From the geometric modeling results, we estimated the value of total crustal extension caused by Late Devonian rifting for the existing crustal model.

  3. Die godsdienshistoriese agtergrond van die Nuwe Testament: Kommentaar op 'n onlangse publikasie

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    Johan C. Thom

    2001-01-01

    Full Text Available The religio-historic background of the New Testament: Commentary on a recent publication. The religiohistoric background of the NT is of cardinal importance for its interpretation; however, it is far from easy for New Testament scholars to attain a thorough knowledge of this background. What is needed is not only a broad, general orientation, but also first-hand interaction with texts in which Graeco-Roman religious traditions themselves appear and are expressed. But available introductions are either too general or do not offer a satisfactory theoretical framework for understanding textual materials within context. Hans-Josef Klauck's recent introduction to the religio-historical context of the  NT, by presenting not only an "external", theoretical but also an "intemal" perspective emanating from close interaction with the ancient texts themselves, satisfies to an exceptional degree the requirements mentioned above.

  4. Oral available agents in the treatment of relapsing remitting multiple sclerosis an overview of merits and culprits

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    Thöne J

    2013-02-01

    Full Text Available Jan Thöne, Gisa Ellrichmann Department of Neurology, St Josef-Hospital Bochum, Ruhr-University Bochum, Bochum, Germany Abstract: Multiple sclerosis (MS is a chronic immunological disease of the central nervous system characterized by early inflammatory demyelination and subsequent neurodegeneration. Major therapeutic progress has occurred during the past decade, in particular since the introduction of immunomodulatory agents, however, MS is still an incurable disease. In addition, parenteral application of the currently licensed drugs is associated with injection-related adverse events (AEs and low patient compliance. Thus, there remains an unmet need for the development of more effective and well tolerated oral therapies for the treatment of MS. A number of new orally administered agents including fingolimod, laquinimod, teriflunomide, cladribine, and BG-12 have been licensed recently or are currently under investigation in relapsing remitting MS patients. In multi-center, randomized, placebo-controlled phase III clinical studies, all of these agents have already shown their efficacy on both clinical disease parameters and magnetic resonance imaging-based measures of disease activity in patients with relapsing remitting MS. However, there are essential differences concerning their clinical efficacy and side-effect profiles. Additionally, the mechanisms by which these substances exert clinical efficacy have not been fully elucidated. In this article, we review the pharmaceutical properties of fingolimod, laquinimod, teriflunomide, cladribine, and BG-12; and their suggested mechanisms of action, clinical efficacy, and side-effect profiles. Keywords: cladribine, fingolimod (FTY, fumaric acid esters (BG-12, laquinimod, teriflunomide

  5. The cryptomnesic origins of Jung's dream of the multi-storeyed house.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Myers, Steve

    2009-09-01

    Jung first recounted his dream of the multi-storeyed house in the 1925 seminars to illustrate the concept of the collective unconscious and explain the influence of phylogeny on his split with Freud. However, his telling the story of the dream belies a cryptomnesic influence of the early writings of psychoanalysis because Josef Breuer used a similar image to illustrate the structure of the psyche which Edouard Claparède associated with a phylogenetic inheritance. When telling the story of the dream, Jung misrepresented Freud's position, creating the impression of there being a bigger difference between their theories than was actually the case, and giving the dream a fictional significance for the breakdown of their relationship. In fact, Jung followed Freud into the fields of mythology and phylogenetics, and their split was due primarily to their different attitudes towards sexuality rather than phylogeny. The dream image has therefore led to a misunderstanding of Freudian theory when viewed from within a Jungian perspective. Freud believed there was a phylogenetic layer in the psyche, though he held a different view to Jung on its nature and importance.

  6. The first aeromagnetic survey in the Arctic: results of the Graf Zeppelin airship flight of 1931

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    O. M. Raspopov

    2013-03-01

    Full Text Available In July of 1931, on the eve of International Polar Year II, an Arctic flight of the Graf Zeppelin rigid airship was organized. This flight was a realization of the idea of F. Nansen, who advocated the use of airships for the scientific exploration of the Arctic territories, which were poorly studied and hardly accessible at that time. The route of the airship flight was Berlin – Leningrad – Arkhangelsk – Franz Josef Land – Severnaya Zemlya – the Taimyr Peninsula – Novaya Zemlya – Arkhangelsk – Berlin. One of scientific goals of the expedition was to measure the H and D geomagnetic field components. Actually, the first aeromagnetic survey was carried out in the Arctic during the flight. After the expedition, only preliminary results of the geomagnetic measurements, in which an anomalous behavior of magnetic declination in the high-latitude part of the route was noted, were published. Our paper is concerned with the first aeromagnetic measurements in the Arctic and their analysis based on archival and modern data on the magnetic field in the Barents and Kara sea regions. It is shown that the magnetic field along the flight route had a complicated structure, which was not reflected in the magnetic charts of those times. The flight was very important for future development of aero- and ground-based magnetic surveys in the Arctic, showing new methods in such surveys.

  7. The first aeromagnetic survey in the Arctic: results of the Graf Zeppelin airship flight of 1931

    Science.gov (United States)

    Raspopov, O. M.; Sokolov, S. N.; Demina, I. M.; Pellinen, R.; Petrova, A. A.

    2013-03-01

    In July of 1931, on the eve of International Polar Year II, an Arctic flight of the Graf Zeppelin rigid airship was organized. This flight was a realization of the idea of F. Nansen, who advocated the use of airships for the scientific exploration of the Arctic territories, which were poorly studied and hardly accessible at that time. The route of the airship flight was Berlin - Leningrad - Arkhangelsk - Franz Josef Land - Severnaya Zemlya - the Taimyr Peninsula - Novaya Zemlya - Arkhangelsk - Berlin. One of scientific goals of the expedition was to measure the H and D geomagnetic field components. Actually, the first aeromagnetic survey was carried out in the Arctic during the flight. After the expedition, only preliminary results of the geomagnetic measurements, in which an anomalous behavior of magnetic declination in the high-latitude part of the route was noted, were published. Our paper is concerned with the first aeromagnetic measurements in the Arctic and their analysis based on archival and modern data on the magnetic field in the Barents and Kara sea regions. It is shown that the magnetic field along the flight route had a complicated structure, which was not reflected in the magnetic charts of those times. The flight was very important for future development of aero- and ground-based magnetic surveys in the Arctic, showing new methods in such surveys.

  8. The Orchestras of the Príncipe and Cruz Coliseums in Madrid during the Second Half of the 18th Century

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    Marina BARBA

    2016-06-01

    Full Text Available There were no stable orchestras in Madrid’s public theatres during the first half of the Eighteenth Century, and a variable number of instrumentalists were used on each occasion. This paper discusses the development of the two town-owned theatres in the second half of the century, when the orchestra was considered an important element and a new way of hiring musicians developed, based on sources kept at the Archivo de Villa de Madrid, Sección de Secretaría.René Andioc and Mireille Coulon in their Cartelera teatral madrileña del siglo XVIII: (1708-1808 refer to the companies that worked in both theatres in the second half of the 18th Century, those of de Josef de Parra, María Hidalgo, José Martínez Gálvez, Juan Ángel, Águeda de la Calle, María Ladvenant, Nicolás de la Calle, Juan Ponce, Manuel Martínez, Eusebio Ribera, Joaquín Palomino, Luis Navarro and Francisco Ramo, although they do not study the orchestral musicians. The first study on this issue is that by José Máximo Leza «Las orquestas de ópera en Madrid entre los siglos XVIII-XIX», although it does not discuss the theatres of La Cruz and El Príncipe in the second half of the century. 

  9. Sugammadex as a reversal agent for neuromuscular block: an evidence-based review

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    Schaller SJ

    2013-09-01

    Full Text Available Stefan Josef Schaller,1,2 Heidrun Fink11Klinik für Anaesthesiologie, Klinikum rechts der Isar, Technische Universität München, Munich, Germany; 2Department of Anesthesia, Massachusetts General Hospital, Boston, MA, USAAbstract: Sugammadex is the first clinical representative of a new class of drugs called selective relaxant binding agents. It has revolutionized the way anesthesiologists think about drug reversal. Sugammadex selectively binds rocuronium or vecuronium, thereby reversing their neuromuscular blocking action. Due to its 1:1 binding of rocuronium or vecuronium, it is able to reverse any depth of neuromuscular block. So far, it has been approved for use in adult patients and for pediatric patients over 2 years. Since its approval in Europe, Japan, and Australia, further insight on its use in special patient populations and specific diseases have become available. Due to its pharmacodynamic profile, sugammadex, in combination with rocuronium, may have the potential to displace succinylcholine as the "gold standard" muscle relaxant for rapid sequence induction. The use of rocuronium or vecuronium, with the potential of reverse of their action with sugammadex, seems to be safe in patients with impaired neuromuscular transmission, ie, neuromuscular diseases, including myasthenia gravis. Data from long-term use of sugammadex is not yet available. Evidence suggesting an economic advantage of using sugammadex and justifying its relatively high cost for an anesthesia-related drug, is missing. Keywords: reversal agent, cyclodextrin, PORC, SRBAs

  10. Lift the quilt in case of atrial fibrillation and disc prolapse

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    Bastovansky A

    2012-06-01

    Full Text Available Adam Bastovansky,1 Kathrin Ziegler,2 Claudia Stöllberger,2 Josef Finsterer31Department of Radiology, 2Medical Department, Krankenanstalt Rudolfstiftung, Vienna, Austria; 3Danube University Krems, Krems, AustriaBackground: Peripheral embolism to the lower extremities may mimic disc prolapse with severe consequences.Case report:  A 71-year-old male with a history of chronic alcoholism developed low back pain radiating to both lower extremities in a nonradicular distribution and bilateral dysesthesias of the distal lower legs after lifting a heavy weight. Given that magnetic resonance imaging (MRI of the lumbar spine showed disc herniation in L3/4 and L4/5, he was scheduled for laminectomy but was unable to undergo surgery due to thrombocytopenia. After transfer to another hospital, persistence of symptoms and signs, absent pulses on the distal lower legs, and rhabdomyolysis with temporary renal insufficiency, peripheral embolism with compartment syndrome was suspected. Magnetic resonance angiography revealed occlusion of the right superficial femoral artery and long high-grade stenosis of the left superficial and profound femoral arteries and distal arteries. He successfully underwent embolectomy and fasciotomy.Conclusions: If lumbar pain is not radicular, peripheral pulses are minimally palpable, and distal limbs are cold and show livid decolorization, peripheral embolism is much more likely than disc herniation, particularly if the patient's history is positive for atrial fibrillation. MRI of the lumbar spine must be interpreted in conjunction with clinical presentation.Keywords: embolism, compartment syndrome, neurosurgery, embolectomy, fasciotomy, rhabdomyolysis

  11. Successfull operation of biogas plants. Data acquisition as a basis of successful optimization measures; Erfolgreicher Betrieb von Biogasanlagen. Datenerfassung als Grundlage erfolgreicher Optimierungsmassnahmen

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2012-09-19

    Within the 2nd Bayreuth expert meeting on biomass at 6th June, 2012 in Bayreuth (Federal Republic of Germany), the following lectures were held: (1) Presentation of the activities in the bio energy sector of the Landwirtschaftliche Lehranstalt Bayreuth (Rainer Prischenk); (2) State of the art of utilizing biogas in Oberfranken from the view of FVB e.V. (Wolfgang Holland Goetz); (3) Optimization of the plant operation by means of an intelligent control (Christian Seier); (4) Process optimization by means of identification of losses of biogas and evaluation of the load behaviour and emission behaviour of gas engines (Wolfgang Schreier); (5) Data acquisition and implementation of optimization measures from the point of view of an environmental verifier (Thorsten Grantner); (6) Economic analysis and optimization by means of the Lfl program BZA Biogas (Josef Winkler); (7) Detailed data acquisition as a necessary basis of the process optimization (Timo Herfter); (8) Case examples of the biologic support of biogas plants and their correct evaluation (Birgit Pfeifer); (9) A systematic acquisition of operational data as a basis for the increase of efficiency using the Praxisforschungsbiogasanlage of the University Hohenheim (Hans-Joachim Naegele); (10) Practical report: The biogas plant Sochenberg towards 100% utilization of energy (Uli Bader).

  12. Operational algorithm for ice-water classification on dual-polarized RADARSAT-2 images

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zakhvatkina, Natalia; Korosov, Anton; Muckenhuber, Stefan; Sandven, Stein; Babiker, Mohamed

    2017-01-01

    Synthetic Aperture Radar (SAR) data from RADARSAT-2 (RS2) in dual-polarization mode provide additional information for discriminating sea ice and open water compared to single-polarization data. We have developed an automatic algorithm based on dual-polarized RS2 SAR images to distinguish open water (rough and calm) and sea ice. Several technical issues inherent in RS2 data were solved in the pre-processing stage, including thermal noise reduction in HV polarization and correction of angular backscatter dependency in HH polarization. Texture features were explored and used in addition to supervised image classification based on the support vector machines (SVM) approach. The study was conducted in the ice-covered area between Greenland and Franz Josef Land. The algorithm has been trained using 24 RS2 scenes acquired in winter months in 2011 and 2012, and the results were validated against manually derived ice charts of the Norwegian Meteorological Institute. The algorithm was applied on a total of 2705 RS2 scenes obtained from 2013 to 2015, and the validation results showed that the average classification accuracy was 91 ± 4 %.

  13. The Freedom of the Woods: Antiquarian Landscapes and Politics

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    Ülrike Sommer

    2007-11-01

    Full Text Available Dark and deep mysterious woods or forests figure prominently in the works of the German Romantic School (ca. 1790–1840. The novellas, poems and novels of Josef von Eichendorff (1788–1857 and especially of Ludwig Tieck (1773–1853 portray the “Loneliness of the woods” (Waldeinsamkeit that can be both a threat to personal identity, and a refuge from the complications and ugliness of modern life, where the beginning of industrialization was endangering traditional social structures and changing urban and rural environments. Such dark and deep woods also figure prominently in Grimm’s fairy tales (first edition 1812–15 and, perhaps are best known, from the paintings of Caspar-David Friedrich (1744–1840. Descriptions of these landscapes, and especially of ‘majestic woodlands’ also appear in accounts of prehistoric monuments, and indeed, could be used to help in the discovery of these monuments (see below. But are these Romantic woodlands just a new type of landscape, perceived for the first time because of a new aesthetic (Schama 1996? Or do they also convey another meaning? In this article, I am going to look at the way in which the relations between humans and their environment were interpreted, and then how this was used in the interpretation of archaeological finds. In the early nineteenth century some antiquarian texts conspicuously used landscapes to convey political messages.

  14. Leber’s hereditary optic neuropathy is multiorgan not mono-organ

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Finsterer J

    2016-11-01

    Full Text Available Josef Finsterer,1 Sinda Zarrouk-Mahjoub2 1Krankenanstalt Rudolfstiftung, Vienna, Austria; 2Genomics Platform, Pasteur Institute of Tunis, Tunisia Abstract: Leber’s hereditary optic neuropathy (LHON is a maternally inherited mitochondrial disorder with bilateral loss of central vision primarily due to mitochondrial DNA (mtDNA mutations in subunits of complex I in the respiratory chain (primary LHON mutations, while other mtDNA mutations can also be causative. Since the first description, it is known that LHON is not restricted to the eyes but is a multisystem disorder additionally involving the central nervous system, ears, endocrinological organs, heart, bone marrow, arteries, kidneys, or the peripheral nervous system. Multisystem involvement may start before or after the onset of visual impairment. Involvement of organs other than the eyes may be subclinical depending on age, ethnicity, and possibly the heteroplasmy rate of the responsible primary LHON mutation. Primary LHON mutations may rarely manifest without ocular compromise but with arterial hypertension, various neurodegenerative diseases, or Leigh syndrome. Patients with LHON need to be closely followed up to detect at which point organs other than the eyes become affected. Multiorgan disease in LHON often responds more favorably to symptomatic treatment than the ocular compromise. Keywords: mitochondrial DNA, heteroplasmy, respiratory chain, LHON, genotype–phenotype correlation

  15. Jernej Kopitar, Vuk Karadžić and the Brothers Grimm

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    Monika Kropej

    2013-11-01

    Full Text Available ABSTRACTThe article is focused on Kopitar’s work in linguistics and oral tradition at the age of enlightenment and romanticism and on his contribution to the South Slavic publications of folk narratives and linguistics, especially from the perspective of his cooperation with Jacob Grimm and Vuk Stefanović Karadžić. Jernej Kopitar (1780–1844 was a Slovene linguist, censor and scriptor in Vienna and was one of the founders of Slavic studies and the author of the renowned first Slovene scientific grammar book Grammatik der slavischen Sprache in Krain, Kärnten und Steiermark (Grammar of Slavic languages in Carniola, Carinthia and Styria 1809. He was also the translator of the Freising Manuscripts (Brižinski spomeniki. As an accomplished philologist, Kopitar maintained contacts and kept correspondence with numerous intellectuals of that period, notably with Josef Dobrovský and the great German philologists Jacob and Wilhelm Grimm. Some of their letters have been preserved to the present. As a mentor to Vuk Karadžić, whom he encouraged to publish literary folklore, dictionaries, and grammar, he introduced Karadžić to Jacob Grimm who took Karadžić under his guidance. Kopitar and Grimm occasionally participated in Karadžić’s publications and introduced his work to Europe. The article focuses on the cooperation among the Grimm brothers, Jernej Kopitar and Vuk Karadžić.

  16. Proceedings of the scientific visit on crystalline rock repository development.

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Mariner, Paul E.; Hardin, Ernest L.; Miksova, Jitka [RAWRA, Czech Republic

    2013-02-01

    A scientific visit on Crystalline Rock Repository Development was held in the Czech Republic on September 24-27, 2012. The visit was hosted by the Czech Radioactive Waste Repository Authority (RAWRA), co-hosted by Sandia National Laboratories (SNL), and supported by the International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA). The purpose of the visit was to promote technical information exchange between participants from countries engaged in the investigation and exploration of crystalline rock for the eventual construction of nuclear waste repositories. The visit was designed especially for participants of countries that have recently commenced (or recommenced) national repository programmes in crystalline host rock formations. Discussion topics included repository programme development, site screening and selection, site characterization, disposal concepts in crystalline host rock, regulatory frameworks, and safety assessment methodology. Interest was surveyed in establishing a %E2%80%9Cclub,%E2%80%9D the mission of which would be to identify and address the various technical challenges that confront the disposal of radioactive waste in crystalline rock environments. The idea of a second scientific visit to be held one year later in another host country received popular support. The visit concluded with a trip to the countryside south of Prague where participants were treated to a tour of the laboratory and underground facilities of the Josef Regional Underground Research Centre.

  17. SPRAYED CLAY TECHNOLOGY FOR THE DEEP REPOSITORY OF HIGH-LEVEL RADIOACTIVE WASTE

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Lucie Hausmannová

    2012-07-01

    Full Text Available The sealing barrier will play very important role in the Czech disposal concept of high level radioactive waste. It follows Swedish SKB3 design where granitic rock environment will host the repository. Swelling clay based materials as the most favorable for sealing purposes were selected. Such clays must fulfill certain requirements (e.g. on swelling properties, hydraulic conductivity or plasticity and must be stable for thousands of years. Better sealing behavior is obtained when the clay is compacted. Technology of the seal construction can vary according to its target dry density. Very high dry density is needed for buffer (sealing around entire canister with radioactive waste. Less strict requirements are on material backfilling the access galleries. It allows compaction to lower dry density than in case of buffer. One of potential technology for backfilling is to compact clay layers in most of the gallery profile by common compaction machines (rollers etc. and to spray clay into the uppermost part afterwards. The paper introduces the research works on sprayed clay technology performed at the Centre of Experimental Geotechnics of the Czech Technical University in Prague. Large scale in situ demonstration of filling of short drift in the Josef Gallery is also mentioned.

  18. Regional cooling caused recent New Zealand glacier advances in a period of global warming

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mackintosh, Andrew N.; Anderson, Brian M.; Lorrey, Andrew M.; Renwick, James A.; Frei, Prisco; Dean, Sam M.

    2017-02-01

    Glaciers experienced worldwide retreat during the twentieth and early twenty first centuries, and the negative trend in global glacier mass balance since the early 1990s is predominantly a response to anthropogenic climate warming. The exceptional terminus advance of some glaciers during recent global warming is thought to relate to locally specific climate conditions, such as increased precipitation. In New Zealand, at least 58 glaciers advanced between 1983 and 2008, and Franz Josef and Fox glaciers advanced nearly continuously during this time. Here we show that the glacier advance phase resulted predominantly from discrete periods of reduced air temperature, rather than increased precipitation. The lower temperatures were associated with anomalous southerly winds and low sea surface temperature in the Tasman Sea region. These conditions result from variability in the structure of the extratropical atmospheric circulation over the South Pacific. While this sequence of climate variability and its effect on New Zealand glaciers is unusual on a global scale, it remains consistent with a climate system that is being modified by humans.

  19. Fingolimod for multiple sclerosis and emerging indications: appropriate patient selection, safety precautions, and special considerations

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ayzenberg I

    2016-02-01

    Full Text Available Ilya Ayzenberg, Robert Hoepner, Ingo Kleiter Department of Neurology, St Josef Hospital, Ruhr University Bochum, Bochum, Germany Abstract: Fingolimod (FTY720, an immunotherapeutic drug targeting the sphingosine-1-phosphate receptor, is a widely used medication for relapsing-remitting multiple sclerosis (MS. Apart from the pivotal Phase III trials demonstrating efficacy against placebo and interferon-β-1a once weekly, sufficient clinical data are now available to assess its real-world efficacy and safety profile. Approved indications of fingolimod differ between countries. This discrepancy, to some extent, reflects the intermediate position of fingolimod in the expanding lineup of MS medications. With individualization of therapy, appropriate patient selection gets more important. We discuss various scenarios for fingolimod use in relapsing-remitting MS and their pitfalls: as first-line therapy, as escalation therapy after failure of previous immunotherapies, and as de-escalation therapy following highly potent immunotherapies. Potential side effects such as bradycardia, infections, macular edema, teratogenicity, and progressive multifocal leukoencephalopathy as well as appropriate safety precautions are outlined. Disease reactivation has been described upon fingolimod cessation; therefore, patients should be closely monitored for MS activity for several months after stopping fingolimod. Finally, we discuss preclinical and clinical data indicating neuroprotective effects of fingolimod, which might open the way to future indications such as stroke, Alzheimer’s disease, and other neurodegenerative disorders. Keywords: immunotherapy, bradycardia, progressive multifocal leukoencephalopathy, neuroprotection, stroke, Alzheimer’s disease 

  20. Polymorphic enzymes, urinary bladder cancer risk, and structural change in the local industry.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ovsiannikov, Daniel; Selinski, Silvia; Lehmann, Marie-Louise; Blaszkewicz, Meinolf; Moormann, Oliver; Haenel, Matthias W; Hengstler, Jan G; Golka, Klaus

    2012-01-01

    In the 1990s, an uncommonly high percentage of glutathione S-transferase M1 (GSTM1) negative bladder cancer cases (70%) was reported in the greater Dortmund area. The question arose as to whether this uncommonly high percentage of GSTM1 negative bladder cancer cases was due to environmental and/or occupational exposure decades ago. Thus, 15 years later, another study on bladder cancer was performed in the same area after the coal, iron, and steel industries had finally closed in the 1990s. In total 196 bladder cancer patients from the St.-Josefs-Hospital Dortmund-Hörde and 235 controls with benign urological diseases were assessed by questionnaire and genotyped for GSTM1, glutathione S-transferase T1 (GSTT1), and the N-acetyltransferase 2 (NAT2) tag SNP rs1495741. The frequency of the GSTM1 negative genotype was 52% in bladder cancer cases and thus lower compared to a previous study performed from 1992 to 1995 in the same area (70%). NAT2 genotypes were distributed equally among cases and controls (63% slow acetylators). Fewer GSTT1 negative genotypes were present in cases (17%) than in controls (20%).

  1. Clay mineral association in the salt formation of the Transylvanian Basin and its paleoenvironmental significance

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Nicoleta Bican-Bris̡an

    2006-04-01

    Full Text Available The investigated clay fraction was separated from salt samples recovered from three boreholes located in the Praid salt deposit area. For comparison, samples collected from Turda deposit (Franz Josef adit, the Rudolf and Ghizele chambers and from the salt massif from Sărăţel were also analyzed. The qualitative investigations evidenced a clay minerals association dominated by illite and chlorite accompanied by subordinate amounts of kaolinite, smectite, fibrous clays (sepiolite, palygorskite, and in minor amounts, by 14/14 chlorite/vermiculite and chlorite/smectite interstratifications. A quantitative evaluation (% including a standard graphical representation was performed only for the borehole samples (Praid, according to the vertical distribution. The genetical interpretation of the identified clay minerals association took into account the influence of the sedimentation mechanisms and the climate control on the mineral phases. The environment of formation for the salt in the Transylvanian Basin was defined by the presence of specific climatic factors, also suggested by the palynological investigations.

  2. Language and Family Dispersion: North Korean Linguist Kim Su-gyŏng and the Korean War

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ryuta Itagaki

    2017-03-01

    Full Text Available This article analyzes the unpublished memoir of Kim Su-gyŏng (1918–2000, a linguist who was active in North Korea from the mid-1940s until the late 1960s, and situates his account of his experience of the Korean War within the context of his linguistic essays and correspondence. In doing so, the article considers the role that the personal and the social play in language, utilizing Saussure’s theoretical framework, with which Kim himself was well versed. Kim wrote his memoirs in the 1990s to his family, from whom he had become separated during the Korean War and who now lived in Toronto. In this text, he writes in “personal” language that reveals his uncertainty and his feelings for his family, but then immediately negates these feelings through the use of “social” language, which resonates with his interpretation of the linguistic thesis that Josef Stalin developed during the Korean War on language and national identity. For Kim, the relationship between language and nation was not at all self-evident, but something that he idealized in response to the dispersal of his family. By offering a reflexive reading of a memoir written by a North Korean linguist, this article makes a breakthrough in the investigation of North Korean wartime academic history, which has not risen above the level of analyzing articles in the field of linguistics that were published at the time.

  3. All in My Head: Beckett, Schizophrenia and the Self.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Barry, Elizabeth

    2016-06-01

    This article will explore the representation of certain mental and somatic phenomena in Beckett's trilogy of novels Molloy, Malone Dies and The Unnamable, exploring how his understanding of schizophrenia and psychosis informs his representation of the relationship between mind and body. It will also examine recent phenomenological and philosophical accounts of schizophrenia (Louis Sass, Josef Parnas, Shaun Gallagher) that see the condition as a disorder of selfhood and concentrate in it on the disruption to ipseity, a fundamental and pre-reflective awareness of self that leads to a loss of 'grip' (in the term of Merleau-Ponty) on concepts and percepts. Beckett's writing might, it is argued, make such disruptions more tangible and intelligible. The article will also consider John Campbell's argument that immunity of the first person to error-Sydney Shoemaker's foundational philosophical idea that we cannot misspeak the first person pronoun-is revoked in states of psychosis, and relate such states to the moments in Beckett's writing where this immunity is challenged, and quasi-psychotic experiences represented.

  4. Regional cooling caused recent New Zealand glacier advances in a period of global warming.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mackintosh, Andrew N; Anderson, Brian M; Lorrey, Andrew M; Renwick, James A; Frei, Prisco; Dean, Sam M

    2017-02-14

    Glaciers experienced worldwide retreat during the twentieth and early twenty first centuries, and the negative trend in global glacier mass balance since the early 1990s is predominantly a response to anthropogenic climate warming. The exceptional terminus advance of some glaciers during recent global warming is thought to relate to locally specific climate conditions, such as increased precipitation. In New Zealand, at least 58 glaciers advanced between 1983 and 2008, and Franz Josef and Fox glaciers advanced nearly continuously during this time. Here we show that the glacier advance phase resulted predominantly from discrete periods of reduced air temperature, rather than increased precipitation. The lower temperatures were associated with anomalous southerly winds and low sea surface temperature in the Tasman Sea region. These conditions result from variability in the structure of the extratropical atmospheric circulation over the South Pacific. While this sequence of climate variability and its effect on New Zealand glaciers is unusual on a global scale, it remains consistent with a climate system that is being modified by humans.

  5. 平、简、净、澈:当代美国具象绘画的新视像——艺海随思录之二十三

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    钟耕略

    2008-01-01

    美国当代艺术肇始于1945年之二次大战后,发轫于纽约,辐射至欧亚各大都市。那是一个充满着变数的时代,而活跃干当时的“纽约绘画学派”(New York School)正扮演了一个积极的角色。这个由多个大小核心汇集而成的大会社,汇合了当时活跃于画坛的艺术家如汉斯·霍夫曼(Hans Huffman)、约瑟夫·阿尔巴斯(Josef Albers)、阿多尔夫·哥特列布(Adolph Gottlieb)、马克·罗斯科(Mark Rothko)、密尔顿·埃弗利(Milton Avery)、威廉·德库宁(Willem De Kooning)、阿希尔·高尔基(Arshile Gorky)、大卫·史密斯(David Smith)、罗伯特·马塔(Robeno Matta)和李·克拉斯纳(Lee Krasner)等。

  6. The Contribution of Ernst Mach to Embodied Cognition and Mathematics Education

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zudini, Verena; Zuccheri, Luciana

    2016-08-01

    A study of the interactions between mathematics and cognitive science, carried out within a historical perspective, is important for a better understanding of mathematics education in the present. This is evident when analysing the contribution made by the epistemological theories of Ernst Mach. On the basis of such theories, a didactic method was developed, which was used in the teaching of mathematics in Austria at the beginning of the twentieth century and applied to different subjects ranging from simple operations in arithmetic to calculus. Besides the relevance of this method—also named the "Jacob method" after Josef Jacob who proposed it—to teaching practice, it could also be considered interesting in a wider context with reference to the mind-body problem. In particular, the importance that Jacob gives to "muscular activity" in the process of forming and elaborating mathematical concepts, derived from Mach, resounds in the current debate on embodied cognition, where cognitive processes are understood not as expressions of an abstract and merely computational mind but as based on our physicality as human beings, equipped not just with a brain but also a (whole) body. This model has been applied to mathematics in the "theory of embodied mathematics", the objective of which is to study, with the methods and apparatus of embodied cognitive science, the cognitive mechanisms used in the human creation and conceptualisation of mathematics. The present article shows that the "Jacob method" may be considered a historical example of didactical application of analogous ideas.

  7. Glacial isostatic adjustment associated with the Barents Sea ice sheet: A modelling inter-comparison

    Science.gov (United States)

    Auriac, A.; Whitehouse, P. L.; Bentley, M. J.; Patton, H.; Lloyd, J. M.; Hubbard, A.

    2016-09-01

    The 3D geometrical evolution of the Barents Sea Ice Sheet (BSIS), particularly during its late-glacial retreat phase, remains largely ambiguous due to the paucity of direct marine- and terrestrial-based evidence constraining its horizontal and vertical extent and chronology. One way of validating the numerous BSIS reconstructions previously proposed is to collate and apply them under a wide range of Earth models and to compare prognostic (isostatic) output through time with known relative sea-level (RSL) data. Here we compare six contrasting BSIS load scenarios via a spherical Earth system model and derive a best-fit, χ2 parameter using RSL data from the four main terrestrial regions within the domain: Svalbard, Franz Josef Land, Novaya Zemlya and northern Norway. Poor χ2 values allow two load scenarios to be dismissed, leaving four that agree well with RSL observations. The remaining four scenarios optimally fit the RSL data when combined with Earth models that have an upper mantle viscosity of 0.2-2 × 1021 Pa s, while there is less sensitivity to the lithosphere thickness (ranging from 71 to 120 km) and lower mantle viscosity (spanning 1-50 × 1021 Pa s). GPS observations are also compared with predictions of present-day uplift across the Barents Sea. Key locations where relative sea-level and GPS data would prove critical in constraining future ice-sheet modelling efforts are also identified.

  8. Ice Mass Changes in the Russian High Arctic from Repeat High Resolution Topography.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Willis, Michael; Zheng, Whyjay; Pritchard, Matthew; Melkonian, Andrew; Morin, Paul; Porter, Claire; Howat, Ian; Noh, Myoung-Jong; Jeong, Seongsu

    2016-04-01

    We use a combination of ASTER and cartographically derived Digital Elevation Models (DEMs) supplemented with WorldView DEMs, the ArcticDEM and ICESat lidar returns to produce a time-series of ice changes occurring in the Russian High Arctic between the mid-20th century and the present. Glaciers on the western, Barents Sea coast of Novaya Zemlya are in a state of general retreat and thinning, while those on the eastern, Kara Sea coast are retreating at a slower rate. Franz Josef Land has a complicated pattern of thinning and thickening, although almost all the thinning is associated with rapid outlet glaciers feeding ice shelves. Severnaya Zemlya is also thinning in a complicated manner. A very rapid surging glacier is transferring mass into the ocean from the western periphery of the Vavilov Ice Cap on October Revolution Island, while glaciers feeding the former Matusevich Ice Shelf continue to thin at rates that are faster than those observed during the operational period of ICESat, between 2003 and 2009. Passive microwave studies indicate the total number of melt days is increasing in the Russian Arctic, although much of the melt may refreeze within the firn. It is likely that ice dynamic changes will drive mass loss for the immediate future. The sub-marine basins beneath several of the ice caps in the region suggest the possibility that mass loss rates may accelerate in the future.

  9. Regional cooling caused recent New Zealand glacier advances in a period of global warming

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mackintosh, Andrew N.; Anderson, Brian M.; Lorrey, Andrew M.; Renwick, James A.; Frei, Prisco; Dean, Sam M.

    2017-01-01

    Glaciers experienced worldwide retreat during the twentieth and early twenty first centuries, and the negative trend in global glacier mass balance since the early 1990s is predominantly a response to anthropogenic climate warming. The exceptional terminus advance of some glaciers during recent global warming is thought to relate to locally specific climate conditions, such as increased precipitation. In New Zealand, at least 58 glaciers advanced between 1983 and 2008, and Franz Josef and Fox glaciers advanced nearly continuously during this time. Here we show that the glacier advance phase resulted predominantly from discrete periods of reduced air temperature, rather than increased precipitation. The lower temperatures were associated with anomalous southerly winds and low sea surface temperature in the Tasman Sea region. These conditions result from variability in the structure of the extratropical atmospheric circulation over the South Pacific. While this sequence of climate variability and its effect on New Zealand glaciers is unusual on a global scale, it remains consistent with a climate system that is being modified by humans. PMID:28195582

  10. Two-factor theory – at the intersection of health care management and patient satisfaction

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Bohm J

    2012-10-01

    Full Text Available Josef BohmHealth Services Administration, New York City College of Technology, City University of New York, Brooklyn, NY, USAAbstract: Using data obtained from the 2004 Joint Canadian/United States Survey of Health, an analytic model using principles derived from Herzberg’s motivational hygiene theory was developed for evaluating patient satisfaction with health care. The analysis sought to determine whether survey variables associated with consumer satisfaction act as Hertzberg factors and contribute to survey participants' self-reported levels of health care satisfaction. To validate the technique, data from the survey were analyzed using logistic regression methods and then compared with results obtained from the two-factor model. The findings indicate a high degree of correlation between the two methods. The two-factor analytical methodology offers advantages due to its ability to identify whether a factor assumes a motivational or hygienic role and assesses the influence of a factor within select populations. Its ease of use makes this methodology well suited for assessment of multidimensional variables.Keywords: two-factor theory, behavioral theory, sociology of health care, patient satisfaction

  11. An intelligent utilization of the facettes of IT outsourcing - About costs and use of outsourcing in the branch of energy economy; Facetten des IT-Outsourcings intelligent nutzen - Ueber Kosten und Nutzen des Outsourcings in der Engergiewirtschaftsbranche

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Koehler-Schute, Christiana (ed.)

    2008-07-01

    The restructuring of the German energy economy is connected with an enormous expenditure of know-how and substantial financial investments. Under this aspect, the book under consideration wants to suggest decision-makers in companies to include options to the outsourcing into their strategic considerations. Additionally, information for their decision preparation is to give to the decision-makers. The book contains the following contributions: (a) Information technology (IT) as business drivers in public utilities of the future (Holger Bonk, Wolfgang Herbers); (b) Smart outsourcing as creation of value factor (Ulrich Czubayko, Anke Schaefer); (c) From the web service to the full outsourcing in the energy market - an overview for decision making Make-or-Buy (Alexander-Ivo Franz); (d) Outsourcing in the energy industry from view of Siemens IT Solutions and services (Josef Kapp); (e) Consumption accounting, energy data management, customer data administration and data exchange from one hand: A standardised ASP solution offers data management from one hand (Mario Strauss, Kristina Seifert); (f) Smart of Metering systems, AMM and reading of the meter successfully outsourcen (Ralf Hoffmann, Simon Loeffler); (g) Contract design with the outsourcing with special consideration of the BPO and IT-outsourcing (Thomas Soebbing).

  12. Biblische Familien als Herausforderung für die Erziehung heute

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Stanko Gerjolj

    2014-09-01

    Full Text Available The Bible tells us not only about God, but about human beings and anthropological relationships. By reflecting on relationships of some biblical families, we can gain the potentials of overcoming different kinds of deep relational conflicts. In this way we might learn how to approach Jeremiah’s prophetic oracle: No longer will anyone go around saying, “Sour grapes eaten by parents leave a sour taste in the mouths of their children” (Jer. 31:29. According to the stories about Abraham and his family, Isaac and his family, Jacob and his family, and Josef and his reconciliation with his brothers in Egypt, we see that the “taste of the grapes” from the previous generations undoubtedly affects the next generation. To overcome the negative consequences and to prevail over the compulsive repetitions of the past generations, the biblical stories have lessons that cannot be ignored, lessons that are didactic even to contemporary men and women, especially in the context of the crisis which family life is experiencing today. By accepting the history and in learning from it, which includes at least some levels of forgiveness and reconciliation with the past, the next generation can potentiality cultivate the ability to “live different” and to “do better”. In that context God is giving the chance for a “new life” to each new generation.

  13. Atração e distração na publicidade externa dos candidatos à eleição em 2014

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sérgio Trein

    2015-12-01

    CÉSAR, Newton. Direção de arte em propaganda. São Paulo: Futura, 2004. COLLARO, Antonio Celso. Projeto Gráfico Teoria e Prática da Diagramação. São Paulo: Summus Editorial, 1987.  DONDIS, Donis A.. Sintaxe da linguagem visual. 2. ed. São Paulo: Martins Fontes, 2003.  HILLMAN, James. Cidade & alma. São Paulo: Studio Nobel, 1993. HURLBURT, Allen. Layout o design da página impressa. São Paulo: Nobel, 2002. MOLES, Abraham Antoine. O cartaz. São Paulo: Perspectiva, 1974. MÜLLER, Josef Brockmann. History of visual communication. Teufen: Nigli, 1971. PÈNINOU, Georges. Semiótica de la publicidad. Barcelona: Gustavo Gili, 1976.   Site consultado: Outdoor.com. Acessado em: 26 de março de 2015.   Disponível em:  Url: http://opendepot.org/2703/   Abrir em (para melhor visualização em dispositivos móveis - Formato Flipbooks: Issuu / Calameo

  14. Aplikace konfiskačního zemědělského dekretu prezidenta republiky na příkladu konfiskace velkostatku Velhartice

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Nina Zemanová

    2016-06-01

    Full Text Available The following study deals with the practical application of confiscatory agricultural Decree No. 12/1945. It deals in particular with the confiscation of aristocrat Josef Windischgrätz’ manor farm estate Velhartice. Several factors combined to work against his attempts to recover the estate – firstly, his natural use of the German language, which figured as the major reason for his inclusion in the mass deportation of Germans. Furthemore he had extensive contacts with other German-speaking noblemen (sometimes even NSDAP party members, he was also related to the family of the infamous general Alfred Windischgrätz and worked for a German company in Hamburg. Using the direct method of archive document research, mostly documents of an administrative character, this study reconstructs the entire process of confiscation, beginning with the issue of the confiscatory ordinance, continuing with the appeals to the district National Committee and the provincial National Committee, concluding with the negative verdict of the Supreme Administrative Court in Prague and his subsequent forced expulsion from Czechoslovakia. All this in a historical context – primarily in the context of a Czechoslovakia which was heading from one form of totalitarianism to another.

  15. Two endocrinological anniversaries.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Svacina, S; Sucharda, P

    2004-01-01

    In 2004, the First Faculty of Medicine will commemorate two significant anniversaries related to the small, yet important field of endocrinology. On January 31, 2004 it has been twenty years since the death of the founder of the discipline in this country, professor Josef Charvát (6.8.1897 - 31.1.1984). The occasion was marked by the Dean of the First Faculty of Medicine, by the Prorector of Charles University and by the President of the Czech Academy of Science who jointly unveiled a memorial plaque dedicated to the founder-of Czech endocrinology placed on at the house in Ostrovní Street, where professor Charvát lived and died. During the brief ceremony, short quotes were read from the works of professor Charvát by the famous Czech actor Radovan Lukavský and a speech was delivered by professor Vratislav Schreiber, the most notable of professor Charvat's students. On June 29, 2004, professor Schreiber himself, still full of vigour celebrated his 80th birthday. That day, too, is a significant anniversary in the history of Czech endocrinology.

  16. Mimicking Bone - Chemical and Physical Challenges

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sophie C Cox

    2014-08-01

    Full Text Available It is known that chemical and physical features of bone contribute to its functionality, reactivity and mechanical performance. This fundamental rationale underpins the author’s research strategy. This paper presents a summary of efforts to fabricate a synthetic structure, referred to as a scaffold, that both chemically and physical emulates the intricate structure of bone. An understanding of key features of bone tissue that contribute to its remarkable properties is presented as a background to this work. Novel work aimed at improving the understanding of the synthesis of a ceramic biomaterial, namely hydroxyapatite, that is chemically similar to bone mineral is discussed. A case study involving the manufacture of porous scaffolds by 3D printing is also presented. In summary, this article highlights a number of on-going challenges that multidisciplinary tissue engineers aim to solve to get one step closer to mimicking bone, which clinically could improve the quality of life for millions of people worldwide.  Photo credit: By Doc. RNDr. Josef Reischig, CSc. (Author's archive [CC-BY-SA-3.0 (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/3.0], via Wikimedia Commons

  17. On large outflows of Arctic sea ice into the Barents Sea

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kwok, Ron; Maslowski, Wieslaw; Laxon, Seymour W.

    2005-01-01

    Winter outflows of Arctic sea ice into the Barents Sea are estimated using a 10-year record of satellite ice motion and thickness. The mean winter volume export through the Svalbard/Franz Josef Land passage is 40 km3, and ranges from -280 km3 to 340 km3. A large outflow in 2003 is preconditioned by an unusually high concentration of thick perennial ice over the Nansen Basin at the end of the 2002 summer. With a deep atmospheric low situated over the eastern Barents Sea in winter, the result is an increased export of Arctic ice. The Oct-Mar ice area flux, at 110 x 10 to the third power km3, is not only unusual in magnitude but also remarkable in that >70% of the area is multiyear ice; the ice volume flux at340 km3 is almost one-fifth of the ice flux through the Fram Strait. Another large outflow of Arctic sea ice through this passage, comparable to that in 2003, is found in 1996. This southward flux of sea ice represents one of two major sources of freshwater in the Barents Sea; the other is the eastward flux of water via the Norwegian Coastal Current. The possible consequences of variable freshwater input on the Barents Sea hydrography and its impact on transformation of Atlantic Water en route to the Arctic Ocean are examined with a 25-year coupled ice-ocean model.

  18. Bauhäusler on the Franco-Spanish Border

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Laura Martínez de Guereñu

    2016-10-01

    Full Text Available This article focuses on the travels of Bauhaus masters and instructors and on the transport of Bauhaus products to Spain in 1929, when the Franco-Spanish border was still culturally permeable. Ludwig Mies van der Rohe and Marcel Breuer introduced their tubular-steel furniture in the Spanish market. Mies and Lilly Reich designed the interiors of all German industrial sections at the Barcelona International Exposition, where the Bauhaus sent objects from its carpentry, metal, and weaving workshops. Josef and Anni Albers traveled to see the exhibition and then went to meet Vassily Kandinsky and Paul Klee, who spent over a month on holiday in the Côte Basque. Albers captured their trip in photo collages, Kandinsky registered his impressions in snapshots, while Klee wrote abundant correspondence and produced drawings. Focusing on the itineraries the Bauhäusler followed, along with the means by which they expressed their travel impressions, this article reveals the effect of travel in their later design attitudes and work. Significant cultural transfers between Germany and Spain took place in a critical moment of European history, suggesting that further developments of these learning experiences might have materialized later on both sides of the border, possibly even reaching across the Atlantic.

  19. Riegl, Strzygowski and the development of art

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Georg Vasold

    2011-12-01

    Full Text Available Originally published in Towards a Science of Art History: J. J. Tikkanen and Art Historical Scholarship in Europe, Helsinki: Society of Art History, 2009.The lifelong rivalry between Alois Riegl and Josef Strzygowski, both prominent members of the Vienna School, not only had personal, but mainly methodological and ideological reasons. Born and raised up in the very eastern parts of the Hapsburg monarchy, both Riegl and Strzygowski were strongly interested in the status of art beyond the academic canon. Their research on widely ignored subjects like folk art, baroque, and late antiquity, clearly reflect the shared intention to enlarge the field of art history writing. In doing so, however, they came to complete different results. Whereas for Strzygowski art history must be seen as a permanent struggle between a dominant powerful art (“Machtkunst” and diverse suppressed artistic ideas, Riegl emphasized the concept of mixing cultures. For him art was always the result of different, antagonistic and dissident artistic streams. This idea of a transforming art – art that is in a constant flux, always creating new forms and values – was rigidly fought by Strzygowski. For the latter, whose anti-Semitic writings reflect an irrational fear of hybrid cultural forms, art only gains a certain cultural value when it is ‘pure’, untouched by external influences.

  20. Neurosurgery and Music; Effect of Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gasenzer, Elena Romana; Kanat, Ayhan; Neugebauer, Edmund

    2017-06-01

    The nervous system works like a great orchestra. Specifically, the music of Mozart with its "Mozart effect" is appropriate to use in neurosurgery. We investigated the relationship between Mozart's music and neurosurgery. We used digital catalogs like "PubMed" and the libraries of universities. Key words were "Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart" and "neurosurgery and music." In the first half of the 20th century, performing neurosurgery on some musicians, such as Maurice Ravel, Josef Hassid, and George Gershwin, resulted in a fatal outcome. The cause of this is probably that neurosurgery had not been developed yet in the first half of the 20th century. In the past 3 decades, the neurosurgical operations of musicians show that musicians have rich associations among auditory, somatic, and sensorial systems. It is clear that we have much to learn from studies about music and brain function that derive from our surgical experiences with patients. The neuronal plasticity of musicians' brains may be different from that of nonmusicians' brains. Musicians with enhanced motor skills have greater capacity for plasticity because of enriched interhemispheric connections. Listening to music and the effect of Mozart in neurosurgical practice, intensive care, or rehabilitation were documented in many studies. As authors, we mean something different: Its effectiveness should be studied. We concluded that in current neurosurgical practice, Mozart has an effect. More research and clinical studies are needed. Copyright © 2017 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

  1. THE STUDY OF GAS MIGRATION IN CRYSTALLINE ROCK USING INJECTION TESTS

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    Jiří Svoboda

    2012-07-01

    Full Text Available The study of gas migration in crystalline rock using injection tests is being carried out in the frame of the FORGE (Fate of Repository Gases project. The Czech Technical University in Prague (CTU, Centre of Experimental Geotechnics (CEG is participating in WP4 which is focused on disturbed host rock formations with respect to radioactive waste deep repositories. A series of in-situ tests is being conducted at the Josef Underground Laboratory. The aim of the testing is to simulate and study phenomena that might lead to gas-driven radionuclide transport in fractured crystalline rock. The in-situ tests combine migration and large-scale gas injection measurements; gas injection tests are being employed for the study of gas transport. For the purposes of comparison of the behaviour of the rock mass with regard to air and water a series of water pressure tests are also being carried out. The quality of the rock mass is assessed using rock mass classification systems.

  2. Tipping Points and the Accommodation of the Abuser: Ongoing Incestuous Abuse during Adulthood

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    Warwick Middleton

    2015-07-01

    Full Text Available Until recently the widespread reality of ongoing incestuous abuse during adulthood had attracted no systematic research. The scientific literature was limited to the occasional case study and brief anecdotal references. This minimal literature was supplemented by biographical works written by or about victims of this form of abuse, and by press reports. With the advent of the Josef Fritzl case there was a very marked increase in the press reporting of such abuse, which in turn provided a reference point for more fine-grained data collection and scientific reporting. This paper introduces the subject of prolonged incest via the lens of organised abuse, summarises research on incestuous abuse and draws on multiple clinical examples to elucidate the mechanisms by which such abuse merges with, or develops into, variations of organised abuse, including that centred on the family, on prostitution, or on that involving abuse networks. The abuse practices, the net-working, and the ploys used to avoid prosecution practiced by the father perpetrating ongoing incestuous abuse during adulthood have much in common with other variants of organised sexual abuse.

  3. The enigma of Gerstmann's syndrome revisited: a telling tale of the vicissitudes of neuropsychology.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rusconi, Elena; Pinel, Philippe; Dehaene, Stanislas; Kleinschmidt, Andreas

    2010-02-01

    Eighty years ago, the Austrian neurologist Josef Gerstmann observed in a few patients a concomitant impairment in discriminating their own fingers, writing by hand, distinguishing left from right and performing calculations. He claimed that this tetrad of symptoms constituted a syndromal entity, assigned it to a lesion of the dominant parietal lobe and suggested that it was due to damage of a common functional denominator. Ever since, these claims have been debated and an astute synopsis and sceptical discussion was presented 40 years ago by MacDonald Critchley in this journal. Nonetheless, Gerstmann's syndrome has continued to intrigue both clinical neurologists and researchers in neuropsychology, and more frequently than not is described in textbooks as an example of parietal lobe damage. In this review, we revisit the chequered history of this syndrome, which can be seen as a case study of the dialectic evolution of concepts in neuropsychology. In light of several modern era findings of pure cases we conclude that it is legitimate to label the conjunction of symptoms first described by Gerstmann as a 'syndrome', but that it is very unlikely that damage to the same population of cortical neurons should account for all of the four symptoms. Instead, we propose that a pure form of Gerstmann's syndrome might arise from disconnection, via a lesion, to separate but co-localized fibre tracts in the subcortical parietal white matter, a hypothesis for which we have recently provided evidence using combined imaging of functional and structural organization in the healthy brain.

  4. Chapter 37: alexia and agraphia.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Henderson, Victor W

    2010-01-01

    Studies of alexia and agraphia have played important roles in understanding how complex cognitive functions are related to brain structure and activity. Modern interests in brain-behavior relations began during the second half of the 19th century as an outgrowth of flawed correlative studies by neuroanatomist Franz Gall and subsequent clinical-pathological analyses by Jean-Baptiste Boulliaud on speech and the frontal lobes. In 1856, Louis Victor Marcé drew attention to writing disorders and postulated a cerebral faculty for writing. Following Paul Broca's epochal reports on aphemia, many European physicians investigated reading and writing impairments after brain injury. Albert Pitres published the first detailed description of isolated agraphia, and Adolf Kussmaul identified alexia as an isolated symptom of brain disease. Jules Dejerine in 1892 provided the first clinical-pathological descriptions of pure alexia, and he suggested a key role for the left parietal lobe in reading and writing. In the 20th century, varieties of agraphia or alexia were linked to apraxia (Hugo Liepmann), impaired body image (Josef Gerstmann), spatial misperception, and interhemispheric disconnection. Other analyses focused on error types that defined new clinical syndromes (e.g. deep dyslexia) and provided evidence for cognitive modularity.

  5. Anticancer and anti-inflammatory activities of girinimbine isolated from Murraya koenigii

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    Iman V

    2016-12-01

    Full Text Available Venoos Iman,1 Syam Mohan,2 Siddig Ibrahim Abdelwahab,2 Hamed Karimian,1 Noraziah Nordin,1 Mehran Fadaeinasab,3 Mohamad Ibrahim Noordin,1 Suzita Mohd Noor4 1Department of Pharmacy, Faculty of Medicine, University of Malaya, Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia; 2Medical Research Center, Jazan University, Jazan, Saudi Arabia; 3Department of Chemistry, 4Department of Biomedical Science, Faculty of Medicine, University of Malaya, Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia Abstract: Therapy that directly targets apoptosis and/or inflammation could be highly effective for the treatment of cancer. Murraya koenigii is an edible herb that has been traditionally used for cancer treatment as well as inflammation. Here, we describe that girinimbine, a carbazole alkaloid isolated from M. koenigii, induced apoptosis and inhibited inflammation in vitro as well as in vivo. Induction of apoptosis in human colon cancer cells (HT-29 by girinimbine revealed decreased cell viability in HT-29, whereas there was no cytotoxic effect on normal colon cells. Changes in mitochondrial membrane potential, nuclear condensation, cell permeability, and cytochrome c translocation in girinimbine-treated HT-29 cells demonstrated involvement of mitochondria in apoptosis. Early-phase apoptosis was shown in both acridine orange/propidium iodide and annexin V results. Girinimbine treatment also resulted in an induction of G0/G1 phase arrest which was further corroborated with the upregulation of two cyclin-dependent kinase proteins, p21 and p27. Girinimbine treatment activated apoptosis through the intrinsic pathway by activation of caspases 3 and 9 as well as cleaved caspases 3 and 9 which ended by triggering the execution pathway. Moreover, apoptosis was confirmed by downregulation of Bcl-2 and upregulation of Bax in girinimbine-treated cells. In addition, the key tumor suppressor protein, p53, was seen to be considerably upregulated upon girinimbine treatment. Induction of apoptosis by girinimbine was also

  6. The Malaysia DREEM: perceptions of medical students about the learning environment in a medical school in Malaysia

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    Al-Naggar RA

    2014-06-01

    Full Text Available Redhwan A Al-Naggar,1 Mahfoudh Abdulghani,2,14 Muhamed T Osman,3 Waqar Al-Kubaisy,1 Aqil Mohammad Daher,15 Khairun Nain Bin Nor Aripin,4 Ali Assabri,5 Dawood A Al-Hidabi,6 Mohamed Izham B Mohamed Ibrahim,7 Ahmed Al-Rofaai,8 Hisham S Ibrahim,9 Hassanain Al-Talib,10 Alyaa Al-Khateeb,11 Gamil Qasem Othman,6 Qaid Ali Abdulaziz,6 Karuthan Chinna,12 Yuri V Bobryshev131Population Health and Preventive Medicine Department, Faculty of Medicine, Universiti Teknologi MARA, 2Pharmacology Department, International Medical School, Management and Science University, 3Department of Pathology, Faculty of Medicine & Defence Health, National Defence University of Malaysia, Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia, 4Faculty of Medicine and Health Sciences, Islamic Science University of Malaysia, Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia; 5Community Medicine Department, Faculty of Medicine and Health Science, Sana'a University, 6University of Science and Technology, Sana'a, Yemen; 7College of Pharmacy, Qatar University, Doha, Qatar; 8School of Biological Sciences, Universiti Sains Malaysia, Minden, Penang, Malaysia, 9Physiology Discipline-Faculty Of Medicine and Health Sciences-Universiti Sultan Zainal Abidin, Terengganu, Malaysia, 10Laboratory Medical Science Cluster, Drug Discovery & Health Community of Research, Faculty of Medicine, Universiti Teknologi MARA, 11Biochemistry and Molecular Medicine Discipline, Drug Discovery & Health Community of Research, Faculty of Medicine, Universiti Teknologi MARA, 12Social and Preventive Medicine, University Malaya, Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia; 13Faculty of Medicine, School of Medical Sciences, University of New South Wales, Sydney, NSW, Australia; 14Pharmacology Department, Unaizah College of Pharmacy (UCP, Qassim University, Al Qassim, Saudi Arabia; 15Department of Community medicine, Faculty of Medicine & Defence Health, National Defence University of Malaysia, Kuala Lumpur, MalaysiaBackground: Students’ perceptions of their learning environment, by defining its

  7. LA LEGITIMACIÓN DEL LUGAR DE LA RELIGIÓN EN LA COMPRENSIÓN DE LA PERSONA HUMANA: UN ENFOQUE PROBATORIO PARA INTERPRETAR LA FUNCIÓN SIGNIFICATIVA DEL JUEGO SAGRADO

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    Jeffrey R. Dickson

    2016-07-01

    Full Text Available La religión a un nivel más institucional y la espiritualidad de una manera más personalmente existencial no respeta el estatus socioeconómico, que se limita al hecho de que un país esté o no desarrollado, o es voluble respecto del lugar donde se arraiga geográficamente. Incluso el movimiento del “nuevo ateísmo” obedece a pseudodoctrinas, demuestra entusiasmo por las creencias profundamente arraigadas e incluso ha empezado a celebrar reuniones en lo que se llaman “megaiglesias” ateas. Parecería que los seres humanos se inclinan al fenómeno de la religión organizada o “juego sagrado” independientemente de su extracción o de qué ubicación histórica acusen. Aunque la religión y la teología y sus correspondientes postulados deberían tener peso en los debates relativos a la persona humana, a menudo estas ciencias se desestiman como secundarias o incluso como innecesarias. Sin embargo, más personas están admitiendo que para entender a la humanidad en general y al individuo en particular se debe incorporar lo que ofrecen estos debates. Como Haslina Ibrahim (2008 reconoce con razón: “Para comprender plenamente al hombre, es vital que reconciliemos el estudio de las religiones con otras ciencias que están incluidas en el estudio de las humanidades”. Con este fin, esta argumentación va a ofrecer una justificación fehaciente de la omnipresencia del juego sagrado y convocar a los lectores a entender un poco de su legitimización en los debates sobre la persona humana. Esto se logrará al construir un compendio de características que se observa en la persona humana y que los científicos sociales suelen observar y luego conectarlas tanto individual como colectivamente al fenómeno del juego sagrado. Abstract Religion on a more institutional level and spirituality in a more personally existential way is not a respecter of socio-economic status, limited to whether or not a country is developed, or fickle about where it

  8. The gastroprotective effects of hydroalcoholic extract of Monolluma quadrangula against ethanol-induced gastric mucosal injuries in Sprague Dawley rats

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    Ibrahim IAA

    2015-12-01

    Full Text Available Ibrahim Abdel Aziz Ibrahim,1 Mahmood Ameen Abdulla,2 Maryam Hajrezaie,2 Ammar Bader,3 Naiyer Shahzad,1 Saeed S Al-Ghamdi,1 Ahmad S Gushash,4 Mohadeseh Hasanpourghadi5 1Department of Pharmacology and Toxicology, Faculty of Medicine, Umm Al-Qura University, Makkah, Saudi Arabia; 2Department of Biomedical Science, Faculty of Medicine, University of Malaya, Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia; 3Department of Pharmacognosy, Faculty of Pharmacy, Umm Al-Qura University, Makkah, 4College of Arts and Science in Baljurashi, Albaha University, Baljurashi, Saudi Arabia; 5Cell Biology and Drug Discovery Laboratory, Department of Pharmacology, Faculty of Medicine, University of Malaya, Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia Abstract: Monolluma quadrangula (Forssk. Plowes is used in Saudi traditional medicines to treat gastric ulcers. The hydroalcoholic extract of M. quadrangula (MHAE was used in an in vivo model to investigate its gastroprotective effects against ethanol-induced acute gastric lesions in rats. Five groups of Sprague Dawley rats were used. The first group was treated with 10% Tween 20 as a control. The other four groups included rats treated with absolute ethanol (5 mL/kg to induce an ulcer, rats treated with 20 mg/kg omeprazole as a reference drug, and rats treated with 150 or 300 mg/kg MHAE. One hour later, the rats were administered absolute ethanol (5 mL/kg orally. Animals fed with MHAE exhibited a significantly increased pH, gastric wall mucus, and flattening of the gastric mucosa, as well as a decreased area of gastric mucosal damage. Histology confirmed the results; extensive destruction of the gastric mucosa was observed in the ulcer control group, and the lesions penetrated deep into the gastric mucosa with leukocyte infiltration of the submucosal layer and edema. However, gastric protection was observed in the rats pre-fed with plant extracts. Periodic acid–Schiff staining of the gastric wall revealed a remarkably intensive uptake of magenta color in the

  9. Primer registro de megafloras y palinología en estratos de la Formación Tarija (Pennsylvaniano, Arroyo Aguas Blancas, Provincia de Salta, Argentina: Descripción de dos especies nuevas First record of megafloras and palynology in the Tarija Formation (Pennsylvanian, Aguas Blancas creek, Salta Province, Argentina: Description of two new species

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    Mercedes di Pasquo

    2009-01-01

    Full Text Available Se analiza e ilustra, por primera vez, una tafoflora hallada en estratos de la Formación Tarija que aflora en Arroyo Aguas Blancas, Provincia de Salta, Argentina. Se describen, también, dos especies nuevas: Malanzania starckii (licofita y Grumosisporites delpapae (espora trilete. Se reconocieron improntas de semillas platispérmicas (Sama-ropsis nunezii García emend. A. Archangelsky, Cordaicarpus cesariae Gutiérrez, Ganuza, Morel y Arrondo emend. A. Archangelsky, improntas de tallos articulados {Paracalamites australis Rigby emend. Zampirolli y Bernardes de Oliveira y compresiones/improntas de fragmentos foliares (Cordaites riojanus Archangelsky y Leguizamón, Ginkgo-phyllum sp. cf. G. diazii Archangelsky y Arrondo. Esta asociación es atribuida al Pennsylvaniano s.l. sobre la base de la distribución estratigráfica de las especies seminales. La asociación palinológica se compone de 101 especies, 53 de ellas reconocidas como autóctonas y 48 retrabajadas. El primer conjunto comprende 34 especies de esporas trilete, 11 granos de polen monosacado, un grano bisacado y siete especies de algas. El grupo retrabajado se compone de 27 esporas trilete y criptosporas, 20 especies de acritarcas, prasinofitas y otras algas y un quitinozoario. La presencia de especies exclusivas de la BiozonaD. bireticulatus-C. chacoparanensis (BC (e.g., Dictyotriletes bireticulatus (Ibrahim Potonié y Kremp emend. Smith y Butterworth, Crucisaccites latisulcatus Lele y Maithy, Verrucosisporites morulatus (Knox Potonié y Kremp emend. Smith y Butterworth, permite acotar su edad al Bashkiriano tardío-Moscoviano. La vegetación, compuesta principalmente por licofitas, esfenofitas, pteridofitas y gimnospermas, se habría desarrollado en diferentes ambientes continentales como lagos y ríos alimentados por glaciares de montaña.Fossil plant remains found in the Tarija Formation cropping out at the Aguas Blancas creek, Aguaragüe range, Salta Province, Argentina, are analy

  10. Role of the levonorgestrel intrauterine system in effective contraception

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    Attia AM

    2013-08-01

    Full Text Available Abdelhamid M Attia,1 Magdy M Ibrahim,1 Ahmed M Abou-Setta21Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Cairo University, Cairo, Egypt; 2George and Fay Yee Centre for Healthcare Innovation, University of Manitoba/Winnipeg Regional Health Authority, Winnipeg, MB, CanadaAbstract: Norgestrel, a synthetic progestin chemically derived from 19-nortestosterone, is six times more potent than progesterone, with variable binding affinity to various steroid receptors. The levonorgestrel-releasing intrauterine system (LNG IUS provides a long-acting, highly effective, and reversible form of contraception, with a pearl index of 0.18 per 100 women-years. The locally released hormone leads to endometrial concentrations that are 200–800 times those found after daily oral use and a plasma level that is lower than that with other forms of levonorgestrel-containing contraception. The contraceptive effect of the LNG IUS is achieved mainly through its local suppressive effect on the endometrium, leading to endometrial thinning, glandular atrophy, and stromal decidualization without affecting ovulation. The LNG IUS is generally well tolerated. The main side effects are related to its androgenic activity, which is usually mild and transient, resolving after the first few months. Menstrual abnormalities are also common but well tolerated, and even become desirable (eg, amenorrhea, hypomenorrhea, and oligomenorrhea with proper counseling of the patient during the choice of the method of contraception. The satisfaction rates after 3 years of insertion are high, reaching between 77% and 94%. The local effect of the LNG IUS on the endometrium and low rates of systemic adverse effects have led to its use in other conditions rather than contraception, as for the treatment of endometrial hyperplasia, benign menorrhagia, endometriosis, adenomyosis, and uterine fibroids.Keywords: levonorgestrel, intrauterine device, contraception, family planning, Mirena, Skyla

  11. Vulvar cancer: epidemiology, clinical presentation, and management options

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    Alkatout I

    2015-03-01

    Full Text Available Ibrahim Alkatout,1 Melanie Schubert,1 Nele Garbrecht,2 Marion Tina Weigel,1 Walter Jonat,1 Christoph Mundhenke,1 Veronika Günther1 1Department of Gynecology and Obstetrics, 2Institute for Pathology, University Hospitals Schleswig-Holstein, Campus Kiel, Kiel, Germany Epidemiology: Vulvar cancer can be classified into two groups according to predisposing factors: the first type correlates with a HPV infection and occurs mostly in younger patients. The second group is not HPV associated and occurs often in elderly women without neoplastic epithelial disorders. Histology: Squamous cell carcinoma (SCC is the most common malignant tumor of the vulva (95%. Clinical features: Pruritus is the most common and long-lasting reported symptom of vulvar cancer, followed by vulvar bleeding, discharge, dysuria, and pain. Therapy: The gold standard for even a small invasive carcinoma of the vulva was historically radical vulvectomy with removal of the tumor with a wide margin followed by an en bloc resection of the inguinal and often the pelvic lymph nodes. Currently, a more individualized and less radical treatment is suggested: a radical wide local excision is possible in the case of localized lesions (T1. A sentinel lymph node (SLN biopsy may be performed to reduce wound complications and lymphedema. Prognosis: The survival of patients with vulvar cancer is good when convenient therapy is arranged quickly after initial diagnosis. Inguinal and/or femoral node involvement is the most significant prognostic factor for survival. Keywords: vulvar cancer, HPV infection, radical vulvectomy, groin dissection, sentinel lymph node biopsy, overall survival

  12. Assessment of anxiety and depression after lower limb amputation in Jordanian patients

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    Ziad M Hawamdeh

    2008-06-01

    Full Text Available Ziad M Hawamdeh1, Yasmin S Othman2, Alaa I Ibrahim31Department of Physical Therapy, Faculty of Rehabilitation Sciences, University of Jordan, Amman, Jordan; 2Department of Orthotics and Prosthetics, Faculty of Rehabilitation Sciences, University of Jordan, Amman, Jordan; 3Lecturer, Department of Physical Therapy for Pediatrics and Pediatric surgery, Faculty of Physical Therapy, Cairo University, Giza, EgyptObjective: This study aimed to assess the prevalence of anxiety and depression among Jordanian lower limb amputees with different clinical characteristics and sociodemographic data (gender, marital status, social support, income, type and level of amputation, and occupation.Methods: Participants were 56 patients with unilateral lower limb amputation with mean duration (8.4 ± 5.75 years. They were recruited from inpatient and outpatient clinics of Jordan University hospital, Royal Farah Rehabilitation Center, and Al-basheer hospital in Amman, Jordan. Participants responded to a questionnaire that included a battery of questions requesting brief information about sociodemographic variables and characteristics of amputation. The level of depression and anxiety in each participating patient was assessed by the Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale (HADS.Results: The prevalence of anxiety and depressive symptoms were 37% and 20%, respectively. Factors associated with high prevalence of psychological symptoms included female gender, lack of social support, unemployment, traumatic amputation, shorter time since amputation, and amputation below the knee. These findings were confirmed by a significant reduction of anxiety and depression scores in patients who received social support, patients with amputation due to disease, and patients with amputation above the knee. Presence of pain and use of prosthesis had no effect on the prevalence.Conclusions: The findings of the present study highlight the high incidence of psychiatric disability and

  13. The Malaysian Orthopaedic Association humanitarian mission to Indonesia and Sri Lanka.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sharaf, I; Saw, A; Hyzan, Y; Sivananthan, K S

    2005-07-01

    The tsunami which occurred off the west coast of North Sumatra on December 26, 2004 devastated the coastal areas of North Sumatra, South-West Thailand, South-East India and Sri Lanka killing more than a quarter of a million people. The destruction was enormous with many coastal villages destroyed. The other countries affected were Malaysia, Myanmar, Maldives, Bangladesh, Somalia, Kenya, Tanzania and the Seychelles. In January 2005, volunteers went in weekly rotation to Banda Aceh in collaboration with Global Peace Mission. These were Dr Hyzan Yusof, Dr Suryasmi Duski, Dr Sharaf Ibrahim, Dr Saw Aik, Dr Kamariah Nor and Dr Nor Azlin. In Banda Aceh, the surgical procedures that we could do were limited to external fixation of open fractures and debriding infected wounds at the Indonesian Red Crescent field hospital. In February, a team comprising Dato Dr K S Sivananthan, Dr T Kumar and Dr S Vasan spent a week in Sri Lanka. In Sri Lanka, Dato Sivananthan and his team were able to perform elective orthopaedic operations in Dr Poonambalam Memorial Hospital. We appealed for national and international aid and received support from local hospitals and the orthopaedic industry. International aid bound for Banda Aceh arrived in Kuala Lumpur from the Philippine Orthopaedic Association, the Chiba Children's Hospital in Japan and the Chinese Orthopaedic Association. The COA donated 1.5 tons of orthopaedic equipments. A special handing over ceremony from the COA to the Indonesian Orthopaedic Association was held in Putrajaya in March. Malaysia Airlines flew in the donated equipment to Kuala Lumpur while the onward flight to Aceh was provided by the Royal Malaysian Air Force. In April, Dr Saw Aik and Dr Yong Su Mei joined the Tsu-Chi International Medical Association for volunteer services on Batam Island, Indonesia. The MOA acknowledges the many individuals and organizations, both governmental and non-governmental, for their contributions in the humanitarian efforts.

  14. Anemia management: development of a rapid-access anemia and intravenous iron service

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    Radia D

    2013-08-01

    Full Text Available Deepti Radia,1 Ibrahim Momoh,2 Richard Dillon,1 Yvonne Francis,1 Laura Cameron,1 Toni-Lee Fagg,1 Hannah Overland,1 Susan Robinson,1 Claire N Harrison11Haematology Department, Guy's and St Thomas' NHS Foundation Trust, London, UK; 2Bupa Home Healthcare, Harlow, UKAbstract: This article describes the initiation and evolution of the Rapid-Access Anemia Clinic (RAAC at Guy's and St Thomas' Hospitals, London, UK. This clinic was set up to provide diagnosis and treatment, and to coordinate investigative procedures, where necessary, into the underlying causes of anemia. Initially piloted with anemic preoperative orthopedic patients, the clinic now treats a wide range of conditions, deriving from both internal and external referrals. Treatment includes dietary advice, supplementation with iron, vitamin B12 and folate, and blood transfusion. Most patients at the RAAC need iron replacement, the majority of which require intravenous (IV iron. Therefore the first-line IV iron-administration protocol is carefully considered to ensure viability of the service and patient satisfaction. Four IV irons available in the UK are discussed, with explanation of the benefits and drawbacks of each product and the reasoning behind the IV iron choice at different stages of the RAAC's development. Costs to the service, affected by IV iron price and administration regimen, are considered, as well as the product's contraindications. Finally, the authors reflect on the success of the RAAC and how it has improved patients' quality-of-treatment experience, in addition to benefiting the hospital and National Health Service in achieving specific health-care mandates and directives. Drawing from the authors' experiences, recommendations are given to assist others in setting up and providing a successful rapid-access anemia service or similar facility.Keywords: hemoglobin, iron deficiency, ferric carboxymaltose, iron sucrose, iron dextran, iron isomaltoside

  15. Sociodemographic factors responsible for blindness in diabetic Egyptian patients

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    Abueleinen KGI

    2011-11-01

    Full Text Available Khaled Gamal Ibraheem Abueleinen1, Hany El-Mekawey1, Yasser Sayed Saif2, Amr Khafagy1, Hoda Ibrahim Rizk3, Eman M Eltahlawy41Department of Ophthalmology, Cairo University, Cairo, Egypt; 2Department of Ophthalmology, Beni-Suef University, Beni-Suef, Egypt; 3Department of Public Health, Cairo University, Cairo, Egypt; 4Public Health and Community Medicine National Research Center, Cairo, EgyptPurpose: To evaluate factors behind the delay in diagnosis and treatment among Egyptian patients who present with complicated diabetic retinopathy.Methods: Observational cross-sectional study of diabetic patients with advanced diabetic retinopathy. Patients were asked to answer a questionnaire to assess the impact of several sociodemographic factors.Results: A total of 397 patients agreed to take the questionnaire. Diabetic vitreous hemorrhage was the most common ocular complication and was found in 359 patients (90.4%. A total of 158 (39.8% patients knew that diabetes mellitus can be sight threatening, while 240 (60.2% were not aware until they developed sight threatening complication. A total of 179 patients (45.1% had early retirement because of visual loss related to diabetes mellitus. Multivariate logistic regression has shown that education, internist, contact with other patients, and media were respectively significant in predicting the awareness of patients about the sight-threatening effect of diabetic retinopathy.Conclusion: Patient education regarding diabetes and diabetic eye disease is essential for early detection and compliance with treatment. Illiteracy has a significant impact on development of sight-threatening diabetic complications. The internist is the first line of prophylaxis. Media has to participate more in patient education.Keywords: blindness, education, laser photocoagulation, macular edema, vitreous hemorrhage

  16. Ethosomal nanocarriers: the impact of constituents and formulation techniques on ethosomal properties, in vivo studies, and clinical trials

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    Abdulbaqi IM

    2016-05-01

    Full Text Available Ibrahim M Abdulbaqi, Yusrida Darwis, Nurzalina Abdul Karim Khan, Reem Abou Assi, Arshad A Khan School of Pharmaceutical Sciences, Universiti Sains Malaysia, Penang, Malaysia Abstract: Ethosomal systems are novel lipid vesicular carriers containing a relatively high percentage of ethanol. These nanocarriers are especially designed for the efficient delivery of therapeutic agents with different physicochemical properties into deep skin layers and across the skin. Ethosomes have undergone extensive research since they were invented in 1996; new compounds were added to their initial formula, which led to the production of new types of ethosomal systems. Different preparation techniques are used in the preparation of these novel carriers. For ease of application and stability, ethosomal dispersions are incorporated into gels, patches, and creams. Highly diverse in vivo models are used to evaluate their efficacy in dermal/ transdermal delivery, in addition to clinical trials. This article provides a detailed review of the ethosomal systems and categorizes them on the basis of their constituents to classical ethosomes, binary ethosomes, and transethosomes. The differences among these systems are discussed from several perspectives, including the formulation, size, ζ-potential (zeta potential, entrapment efficiency, skin-permeation properties, and stability. This paper gives a detailed review on the effects of ethosomal system constituents, preparation methods, and their significant roles in determining the final properties of these nanocarriers. Furthermore, the novel pharmaceutical dosage forms of ethosomal gels, patches, and creams are highlighted. The article also provides detailed information regarding the in vivo studies and clinical trials conducted for the evaluation of these vesicular systems. Keywords: ethosomes, transdermal, lipid-based vesicles, delivery systems

  17. Fabrication of silver nanoparticles doped in the zeolite framework and antibacterial activity

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    Kamyar Shameli

    2011-02-01

    Full Text Available Kamyar Shameli1, Mansor Bin Ahmad1, Mohsen Zargar2, Wan Md Zin Wan Yunus1, Nor Azowa Ibrahim11Department of Chemistry, Faculty of Science, Universiti Putra Malaysia, Selangor, Malaysia; 2Department of Biology, Islamic Azad University, Qum IranAbstract: Using the chemical reduction method, silver nanoparticles (Ag NPs were effectively synthesized into the zeolite framework in the absence of any heat treatment. Zeolite, silver nitrate, and sodium borohydride were used as an inorganic solid support, a silver precursor, and a chemical reduction agent, respectively. Silver ions were introduced into the porous zeolite lattice by an ion-exchange path. After the reduction process, Ag NPs formed in the zeolite framework, with a mean diameter of about 2.12–3.11 nm. The most favorable experimental condition for the synthesis of Ag/zeolite nanocomposites (NCs is described in terms of the initial concentration of AgNO3. The Ag/zeolite NCs were characterized by ultraviolet-visible spectroscopy, powder X-ray diffraction, transmission electron microscopy, scanning electron microscopy, energy dispersive X-ray fluorescence, and Fourier transform infrared. The results show that Ag NPs form a spherical shape with uniform homogeneity in the particle size. The antibacterial activity of Ag NPs in zeolites was investigated against Gram-negative bacteria (ie, Escherichia coli and Shigella dysentriae and Gram-positive bacteria (ie, Staphylococcus aureus and methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus by disk diffusion method using Mueller–Hinton agar at different sizes of Ag NPs. All of the synthesized Ag/zeolite NCs were found to have antibacterial activity. These results show that Ag NPs in the zeolite framework can be useful in different biological research and biomedical applications.Keywords: silver nanoparticles, zeolite, antibacterial activity, Mueller–Hinton agar, transmission electron microscopy

  18. Terrestrial Magnetism in Ottoman Empire: Documents and Measurements

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ozcep, Ferhat

    2016-04-01

    In the modern sense, geophysics started with geomagnetic works in the 1600s in Ottoman geography. The period between 1600 and 1800 includes the measurement of magnetic declination, inclination and magnetic field strength. Before these years, there is a little information, such as how to use a compass, in the Kitab-i Bahriye (the Book of Navigation) of Piri Reis, who is one of the most important mariners of the Ottoman Empire. However, this may not mean that magnetic declination was generally understood. The first Turkish scientific book relating to terrestrial magnetism is the book of Fuyuzat-i Miknatissiye that was translated by Ibrahim Müteferrika and printed in 1731. The subject of this book is earth's magnetism. Magnetic compass was mentioned in several books. These areMuhammed al Awfi's "Jami al- Hikayat" (translated into Turkish by Ibn Arabşah); Piri Reis's Kitab-I Bahriye (The Book of "Navigation" or "Seafaring" or "Sea"); Seydi Ali Reis's "Risale-i Mirat-I Kainat min Alat-I Irtifa" (The Treatise called the Mirror of Universe according to the instrument for measuring Altitude) and Kitab Al-"Muhit" Fi˙Ilm'al-Eflak Va'l Abhur (Book of the Regional Seas and the Science of Astronomy and Navigation). There are two original magnetic declination determinations in Istanbul in 1727 and 1893 by Ottoman Turks. Also, many geomagnetic measurements between 1600 and 1917 were carried out during international campaigns in Ottoman geography.This study was carried out in History and Philosophy of Science, University of Cambridge and supported by Istanbul University Reseach Project Unite (project Numbver: IRP-49162).

  19. Chelatococcus thermostellatus sp. nov., a new thermophile for bioplastic synthesis: comparative phylogenetic and physiological study.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ibrahim, Mohammad H A; Lebbe, Liesbeth; Willems, Anne; Steinbüchel, Alexander

    2016-12-01

    The poly(3-hydroxybutyrate), PHB, accumulating thermophilic strain MW9(T), isolated from an aerobic organic waste treatment plant, was characterized by detailed physiological and phylogenetic studies. The strain is a Gram-stain-negative, rod shaped, non-spore forming member of Alphaproteobacteria. It shows optimum growth at 50 °C. Based on 16S rRNA gene sequence similarity, the strain together with five very similar isolates, was affiliated to the genus Chelatococcus (Ibrahim et al. in J Appl Microbiol 109:1579-1590, 2010). Rep-PCR genomic fingerprints and partial dnaK gene sequence also revealed that these isolates are very similar, but differ from other Chelatococcus type strains. The major fatty acids were similar to those of other strains of the genus Chelatococcus. DNA-DNA hybridization of strain MW9(T) with Chelatococcus species type strains revealed 11.0-47.7 % relatedness. G+C content of DNA was 67.1 mol%, which is comparable with the other strains of Chelatococcus species. The physiological and phenotypic characteristics of the new strain MW9(T) are sufficient to differentiate it from previously described species in the genus Chelatococcus. Strain MW9(T) is considered to represent a novel species of the genus Chelatococcus, for which the name Chelatococcus thermostellatus is proposed. The type strain is MW9(T) (=LMG 27009(T) = DSM 28244(T)). Compared to known Chelatococcus strains, strain MW9(T) could be a potent candidate for bioplastic production at elevated temperature.

  20. Scabies among primary schoolchildren in Egypt: sociomedical environmental study in Kafr El-Sheikh administrative area

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Hegab DS

    2015-02-01

    Full Text Available Doaa Salah Hegab,1 Abdullah Mahfouz Kato,1 Ibrahim Ali Kabbash,2 Ghada Maged Dabish3 1Department of Dermatology and Venereology, Faculty of Medicine, 2Department of Public Health and Community, Faculty of Medicine, 3Faculty of Medicine, Tanta University, Tanta, Egypt Background/objectives: Scabies is a major global public health issue that might affect people from all socioeconomic levels. The primary contributing factors in contracting scabies seem to be poverty and overcrowded living conditions. Scabies often spreads among schoolchildren quite rapidly, owing to their close contact and overcrowding within the schools. However, limited information is available about its risk factors and the socioeconomic correlates among schoolchildren in Egypt. This study aimed to assess the prevalence of scabies and its risk factors among primary schoolchildren in Kafr El-Sheikh administrative area, Egypt. Methods: This cross-sectional descriptive study was performed on primary schoolchildren in urban and rural areas of Kafr El-Sheikh administrative area. A predesigned questionnaire was used for data collection from the randomly selected 2,104 children, and clinical dermatological examination was done for them. Results: Out of 2,104 children studied, there were 92 cases of scabies with a prevalence of 4.4%. The prevalence of scabies infestation in male students was 3.9%, while it was 4.8% in females, with no statistical significance. The results showed significant variations in the risk of scabies infestation by factors such as residence, paternal education and occupation, maternal education, sleeping with others, having animals at home, dealing with animals outside the house, type of building for living, family history of itchy rash, and sharing clothes with others. Conclusion: In our community, scabies is still an important health problem affecting schoolchildren, especially in rural areas. It is characterized by a complex web of causation, particularly poor