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Sample records for hunter college style

  1. Hunter College Dance Therapy Masters Program.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Schmais, Claire; White, Elissa Q.

    Described is development of the Hunter College dance therapy 18-month 30-credit masters program involving 33 adult students, (in two classes beginning in 1971 and 1972), an educational model, internship in psychiatric institutions, and preparation of instructional materials. The dance therapist is said to incorporate the psychiatric patient's…

  2. Representation of Self among Chinese College Job-hunters

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    徐嗣群

    2010-01-01

    @@ Introduction: Some of their researches (Booher, 1988; Smith and Bernhardt, 1996; Munter, 2006) have been concentrated on teaching students writing skills.On the other hand, some of their researches (Lakoff, 1975; Labov, 1990; Coates, 1998) have been carried on about identifying and instantiating possible differences in linguistic styles between males and females.However, little work has been undertaken on investigating gender differences reflected in business letters writing, especially job-application letter, by analyzing the genre components and politeness strategies.In this project, by providing a content analysis of 20 job application letters written by Chinese college job applicants, I try to explore the differences between Chinese male and female college job hunters presented in their job application letters.

  3. Indice de Indices en la Biblioteca de Hunter College para el Estudiante Hispano.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Talero Bielsa, Alberto; And Others

    Designed for Spanish-speaking students of Hunter College of the City University of New York, this guide explains the use of 70 English-language indexes found in the college library. The explanations are given in Spanish in order to simplify the process of library research for students who are not completely comfortable with English. Each index is…

  4. Humor Styles and Leadership Styles: Community College Presidents

    Science.gov (United States)

    Carrica, Jennifer L.

    2009-01-01

    The purpose of this study was to explore the relationship between leadership styles (transformational, transactional, laissez-faire) and humor styles (affiliative, self-enhancing, aggressive, self-defeating) of community college presidents. Research has shown that humor and leadership styles are related and that humor may enhance interpersonal…

  5. Humor Styles and Leadership Styles: Community College Presidents

    Science.gov (United States)

    Carrica, Jennifer L.

    2009-01-01

    The purpose of this study was to explore the relationship between leadership styles (transformational, transactional, laissez-faire) and humor styles (affiliative, self-enhancing, aggressive, self-defeating) of community college presidents. Research has shown that humor and leadership styles are related and that humor may enhance interpersonal…

  6. Perceived Parenting Styles on College Students' Optimism

    Science.gov (United States)

    Baldwin, Debora R.; McIntyre, Anne; Hardaway, Elizabeth

    2007-01-01

    The purpose of this study was to examine the relationship between perceived parenting styles and levels of optimism in undergraduate college students. Sixty-three participants were administered surveys measuring dispositional optimism and perceived parental Authoritative and Authoritarian styles. Multiple regression analysis revealed that both…

  7. Leadership Styles of Community College Academic Deans

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sypawka, William; Mallett, William; McFadden, Cheryl

    2010-01-01

    The future of the community college system will depend on sound leadership, and its success will rely on how well academic deans effectively direct their units. The study investigated the dean's leadership styles using Bolman and Deal's Leadership Orientation Instrument to discover their primary leadership frame with a focus on how data may be…

  8. The Catalyst Scholarship Program at Hunter College. A Partnership among Earth Science, Physics, Computer Science and Mathematics

    Science.gov (United States)

    Salmun, Haydee; Buonaiuto, Frank

    2016-01-01

    The Catalyst Scholarship Program at Hunter College of The City University of New York (CUNY) was established with a four-year award from the National Science Foundation (NSF) to fund scholarships to 40 academically talented but financially disadvantaged students majoring in four disciplines of science, technology, engineering and mathematics…

  9. Questioning Styles in Vocational College English Classrooms

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    舒立志

    2011-01-01

    This study investigates the effects of TBLT reform in Higher Vocational Colleges from the perspective of questioning styles.It employs three methods to collect data:classroom observation,semi-structured interviews and focus group discussion with eight English teachers and their 384 non-English major students from three Higher Vocational Colleges in Guangdong.The results indicated that the teachers assigned students different tasks to perform in class.They seemed to be adopting the TBLT approach,but their English classes were not totally different from the teacher-centered grammar-focused lessons,the student-centered or communicative lessons.

  10. Parenting Styles and Adjustment Outcomes among College Students

    Science.gov (United States)

    Love, Keisha M.; Thomas, Deneia M.

    2014-01-01

    Research has demonstrated that parenting styles partially explain college students' academic adjustment. However, to account for academic adjustment more fully, additional contributors should be identified and tested. We examined the fit of a hypothesized model consisting of parenting styles, indicators of well-being, and academic adjustment…

  11. Parenting Styles and Adjustment Outcomes among College Students

    Science.gov (United States)

    Love, Keisha M.; Thomas, Deneia M.

    2014-01-01

    Research has demonstrated that parenting styles partially explain college students' academic adjustment. However, to account for academic adjustment more fully, additional contributors should be identified and tested. We examined the fit of a hypothesized model consisting of parenting styles, indicators of well-being, and academic adjustment…

  12. An Examination of Midwest Community College Presidents' Leadership Styles

    Science.gov (United States)

    Jacobs, Marvin Jones

    2012-01-01

    This study examined the leadership styles of community college presidents and chancellors in the Midwestern part of the United States on leadership styles they embraced based on their personal characteristics, age, gender, education and experience in higher education, location, and other prevailing personal characteristics. The three leadership…

  13. Mountain View College's Cognitive Style Program: A Description.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ehrhardt, Harryette B.

    Several issues are discussed related to the administration and operation of Mountain View College's (MVC) Cognitive Style Program, an assessment system based on the Modified Hill Model, which determines preferred learning styles for each student and thus aids the student in selecting appropriate classroom environments. After introductory material…

  14. Instructional Strategies to Improve College Students' APA Style Writing

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mandernach, B. Jean; Zafonte, Maria; Taylor, Caroline

    2016-01-01

    The purpose of this study was to identify areas of APA formatting that college instructors view as most problematic in student writing. Using a Likert-style survey, the greatest areas of reported concern were problems with documentation, specifically, citations, references, and quoting; of lesser concern were various style and formatting errors in…

  15. The Impact of Different Parenting Styles on First-Year College Students' Adaptation to College

    Science.gov (United States)

    Smith, Gregory J.

    2006-01-01

    The present study was undertaken to determine the impact of different parenting styles on college students' adaptation to college. During the second week of college, 80 first-year students from two-parent families completed the Tests of Reactions and Adaptations to College, English version and the Parental Authority Questionnaire. Authoritative…

  16. Separation-Individuation, Adult Attachment Style, and College Adjustment.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lapsley, Daniel K.; Edgerton, Jason

    2002-01-01

    Examines the relationship between separation- individuation, adult attachment styles, and college adjustment. Results reveal that college adjustment was positively associated with secure adult attachment and counterindicated by fearful and preoccupied attachments. Implications for counseling practice and directions for future research are…

  17. Learning Styles and Teaching Styles in College English Teaching

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zhou, Mai

    2011-01-01

    Students preferentially take in and process information in different ways: by seeing and hearing, reflecting and acting, reasoning logically and intuitively, analyzing and visualizing. Teaching methods also should vary accordingly. How much a student can learn is also determined by the compatibility of the student's learning styles and the…

  18. Leadership Styles and Moral Judgment Competence of Community College Personnel

    Science.gov (United States)

    McFadden, Cheryl; Miller, Brian; Sypawka, William; Clay, Maria; Hoover-Plonk, Shelly

    2013-01-01

    This study investigated the convergence of leadership styles and moral judgment competence of community college personnel participating in a leadership institute using the Leadership Orientation Instrument (Bolman & Deal, 1984) and the Moral Judgment Test (Lind, 1978). Results indicated that the human resource and structural frames were the…

  19. Conflict Management Styles in an HBCU HSI Community College Setting

    Science.gov (United States)

    Schmittou, Natasha P.

    2012-01-01

    The purpose of this quantitative study is to investigate the conflict management styles in an HBCU and HSI community college and how gender, power position, age, educational level, and ethnicity influence conflict management. A convenience sample of 80 administrators and 220 subordinates completed an electronic demographic survey and the…

  20. Counseling Style Preference of Chinese College Students.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Exum, Herbert A.; Lau, Ester Ying-wah

    1988-01-01

    Conducted study to determine preferences of Cantonese-speaking Chinese college students (N=50) from Hong Kong attending a large midwestern university for either a directive or nondirective counseling approach to emotional adjustment problems. Results showed that subjects strongly preferred a directive counseling approach and attributed low…

  1. An Investigation of College Students' Learning Styles in the US and China

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zhan, Ginny Q.; Moodie, Douglas R.; Sun, Yanmin; Wang, Bailing

    2013-01-01

    This research project explores learning styles of college students in the US and China. The Grasha-Reichmann Student Learning Style Scale, designed to measure how college students view their learning, was used as the main instrument for the current study. A total of 511 college students, 274 from the US and 237 from China, participated in this…

  2. Insomnia and styles of parental authority in college students.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Brassington, G S

    1994-06-01

    This study explored the hypothesis that styles of parental authority are related to insomnia in college students. To do this, I asked a large group of university students (N = 757) to respond to a questionnaire that included the items of Buri's Parental Authority Questionnaire and the Coren Insomnia Scale. Analysis suggested that more strict and uncompromising discipline engaged in by authoritarian parents was associated with higher insomnia in young adults, while the firm though flexible and warm discipline associated with the authoritative parents was associated with less insomnia. Further, as fathers' permissiveness increased, insomnia decreased, while mothers' permissiveness seemed to be unrelated to insomnia.

  3. Vulnerable Hunter

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Md.Asha Begum

    2016-05-01

    Full Text Available This project "VULNERABLE HUNTER" application main aim is to detect risk in our mobile applications. This application contains modules like Fetch Application, Generate Score, Uninstall and Display Graph. Through this application it detects risk so that this application is very useful to smart phone users Now-a-days so many people are using smart phones and people are crazy about new apps. But by installing all the applications into our mobile may reduce its performance. Some apps contain more risk. But user may not know the effects that are caused by the app which is installed until the performance of mobile is reduced. With the prosperity of the Android app economy, many apps have been published and sold in various markets. However, short development applications and insufficient security development apps have led to many vulnerable apps. So to reduce these type of problems Vulnerable Hunter is proposed. Through the proposed application user can see which application is risky and then the user may uninstall that application. The main advantage of designing this app is without internet also the users will use this application. Users also feel more convenient to work with mobile apps.

  4. Understanding Community College Students' Learning Styles and the Link to Academic Achievement

    Science.gov (United States)

    Peters, Kathleen

    2012-01-01

    Learning styles have been an area of interest in educational psychology for many decades. However, community college students have been overlooked in learning styles research. To enhance teacher efficacy and student success, it is important to continue to evaluate the relationship between learning styles and academic achievement. The purpose of…

  5. Gender differences in the relationships among parenting styles and college student mental health.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Barton, Alison L; Kirtley, Michael S

    2012-01-01

    Levels of student depression may increase as stress increases; parenting styles may be one indirect source of stress. The authors examined the role of parenting style in relationship to student stress, anxiety, and depression, with focused attention on gender differences. Participants were 290 undergraduate students (58% female, mean age = 19). Cross-sectional design. Participants completed surveys containing measures of parenting styles, college stress, anxiety, and depression. Anxiety and stress acted as mediators between some maternal parenting styles and female student depression. No mediational relationships were found for male student ratings. Daughters may be more susceptible to the influences of maternal parenting styles, which can either prepare or fail to prepare them for management and avoidance of stressors that are encountered during the college transition. College counseling centers and student affairs personnel may wish to focus attention on the instruction of self-management and problem-solving skills for incoming students.

  6. Influence of Parenting Styles on the Adjustment and Academic Achievement of Traditional College Freshmen.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hickman, Gregory P.; Bartholomae, Suzanne; McKenry, Patrick C.

    2000-01-01

    Examines the relationship between parenting styles and academic achievement and adjustment of traditional college freshmen (N=101). Multiple regression models indicate that authoritative parenting style was positively related to student's academic adjustment. Self-esteem was significantly predictive of social, personal-emotional, goal…

  7. Evaluation of Leadership Styles and Emotional Intelligence on Job Satisfaction of Community College Faculty Administrators

    Science.gov (United States)

    Leiba, Alwyn

    2016-01-01

    Investigation of leadership styles and emotional intelligence (EI) factors have on job satisfaction could help address leadership issues within community college leadership teams. The purpose of this quantitative, nonexperimental study was to determine what effective leadership styles, in conjunction with level of EI, have in relation to job…

  8. An Examination of Midwest Community College Presidents' Leadership Styles

    Science.gov (United States)

    Jacobs, Marvin Jones

    2012-01-01

    This study examined the leadership styles of community college presidents and chancellors in the Midwestern part of the United States on leadership styles they embraced based on their personal characteristics, age, gender, education and experience in higher education, location, and other prevailing personal characteristics. The three leadership…

  9. Influence of Parenting Styles on the Adjustment and Academic Achievement of Traditional College Freshmen.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hickman, Gregory P.; Bartholomae, Suzanne; McKenry, Patrick C.

    2000-01-01

    Examines the relationship between parenting styles and academic achievement and adjustment of traditional college freshmen (N=101). Multiple regression models indicate that authoritative parenting style was positively related to student's academic adjustment. Self-esteem was significantly predictive of social, personal-emotional, goal…

  10. Effects of Spectrum Teaching Styles on College Students' Psychological Needs Satisfaction and Self-Determined Motivation

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kirby, Stephanie; Byra, Mark; Readdy, Tucker; Wallhead, Tristan

    2015-01-01

    The purpose of this study was to explore the effect of two landmark spectrum styles, practice and inclusion, on students' basic psychological needs satisfaction and self-determined motivation. Twelve classes of college-aged students (n = 149) participated in two badminton lessons taught under the conditions of the practice and inclusion styles.…

  11. Learning Styles and Their Relationship to Stress and Coping in College Women

    Science.gov (United States)

    Vaughn, L. M.; Hensley, B.; Baker, R. C.; Dearman, L.

    2010-01-01

    The authors examined the relationship between specific learning styles and stress and coping in a sample of female college students (N = 246). Participants in the study were assessed on the three variables by completing several self-report instruments measuring learning styles, life stress level, and coping skills. There were significant…

  12. Effects of Spectrum Teaching Styles on College Students' Psychological Needs Satisfaction and Self-Determined Motivation

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kirby, Stephanie; Byra, Mark; Readdy, Tucker; Wallhead, Tristan

    2015-01-01

    The purpose of this study was to explore the effect of two landmark spectrum styles, practice and inclusion, on students' basic psychological needs satisfaction and self-determined motivation. Twelve classes of college-aged students (n = 149) participated in two badminton lessons taught under the conditions of the practice and inclusion styles.…

  13. The Relationship among Parenting Styles Experienced during Childhood, Anxiety, Motivation, and Academic Success in College Students

    Science.gov (United States)

    Silva, Marc; Dorso, Erin; Azhar, Aisha; Renk, Kimberly

    2008-01-01

    The current study examined the relationships among parenting styles experienced in childhood, anxiety, motivation, and academic success in college students. Results suggested that fathers' authoritative parenting was related to decreases, whereas mothers' authoritarian parenting was related to increases, in college students' anxiety. Further,…

  14. The Relationship among Parenting Styles Experienced during Childhood, Anxiety, Motivation, and Academic Success in College Students

    Science.gov (United States)

    Silva, Marc; Dorso, Erin; Azhar, Aisha; Renk, Kimberly

    2008-01-01

    The current study examined the relationships among parenting styles experienced in childhood, anxiety, motivation, and academic success in college students. Results suggested that fathers' authoritative parenting was related to decreases, whereas mothers' authoritarian parenting was related to increases, in college students' anxiety. Further,…

  15. Classroom Approach for Managing Dietary Restraint, Negative Eating Styles, and Body Image Concerns among College Women

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hawks, Steven R.; Madanat, Hala; Smith, TeriSue; De La Cruz, Natalie

    2008-01-01

    Objective: In this exploratory study, the authors evaluated the impact of an elective college course on dieting levels, eating styles, and body image among college women. Participants: Participants were a convenience sample of 29 self-selected female students at a western university who were mostly white, normal-weight seniors with significant…

  16. The President and the College Bottom Line: The Role of Strategic Leadership Styles.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Neumann, Yoram; Neumann, Edith F.

    1999-01-01

    A study of 158 college presidents examined the relationship of eight leadership styles (integrator, net-caster, focused visionary, focused performer, prioritizer, dreamer, implementer, maintainer) and three college outcomes (enrollment growth, resource growth, quality improvement). Distinct patterns are identified and their implications are…

  17. A Self-Styled Expert's "Inside" Look at Colleges.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gose, Ben

    1998-01-01

    A former high school counselor and college basketball referee who has visited many colleges has transformed this experience into a career as consultant to high school guidance counselors. He often favors out-of-the-way liberal arts colleges, and is known for being student-oriented in his commentaries. College recruitment and admissions officers…

  18. Explanatory style, family expressiveness, and self-esteem among Asian American and European American college students.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kao, E M; Nagata, D K; Peterson, C

    1997-08-01

    Fifty-nine Asian American and 40 European American college students completed questionnaires measuring explanatory style, family expressiveness, and self-esteem. In both groups, a global explanatory style correlated with low self-esteem, but only among European Americans was an internal style associated with low self-esteem. The two groups differed in reported styles of family expressiveness, with Asian Americans indicating more emotional restraint. The participants who reported more negative submissiveness had a more global explanatory style, whereas those who reported more positive dominance had a less global explanatory style. An additional measure developed to assess attribution to collectivities did not distinguish the two groups. Results were discussed in terms of the cross-cultural generality of the learned helplessness reformulation.

  19. A synergistic effort among geoscience, physics, computer science and mathematics at Hunter College of CUNY as a Catalyst for educating Earth scientists.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Salmun, H.; Buonaiuto, F. S.

    2016-12-01

    The Catalyst Scholarship Program at Hunter College of The City University of New York (CUNY) was established with a four-year award from the National Science Foundation (NSF) to fund scholarships for academically talented but financially disadvantaged students majoring in four disciplines of science, technology, engineering and mathematics (STEM). Led by Earth scientists the Program awarded scholarships to students in their junior or senior years majoring in computer science, geosciences, mathematics and physics to create two cohorts of students that spent a total of four semesters in an interdisciplinary community. The program included mentoring of undergraduate students by faculty and graduate students (peer-mentoring), a sequence of three semesters of a one-credit seminar course and opportunities to engage in research activities, research seminars and other enriching academic experiences. Faculty and peer-mentoring were integrated into all parts of the scholarship activities. The one-credit seminar course, although designed to expose scholars to the diversity STEM disciplines and to highlight research options and careers in these disciplines, was thematically focused on geoscience, specifically on ocean and atmospheric science. The program resulted in increased retention rates relative to institutional averages. In this presentation we will discuss the process of establishing the program, from the original plans to its implementation, as well as the impact of this multidisciplinary approach to geoscience education at our institution and beyond. An overview of accomplishments, lessons learned and potential for best practices will be presented.

  20. Hispanic College Students' Learning Styles, Personality Types, and Gender Differences: A Collective Case Study of Ten Hispanic College Students Exposed to the Myers Briggs Type Indicator

    Science.gov (United States)

    Harris, Rachelle D.

    2014-01-01

    The research body regarding learning styles has been abundant; however, research related to Separate and Connected learning styles has not been as copious. The purpose of this qualitative study was to explore the association between learning styles, personality types, and gender differences for Hispanic college students between the ages of 18-24…

  1. Learning Styles of EFL Saudi College-Level Students in On-Line and Traditional Educational Environments

    Science.gov (United States)

    Alkhatnai, Mubarak

    2011-01-01

    The primary purpose of this study was to examine Saudi EFL college students' perceptual learning styles in order to determine whether their perception of their learning styles is a predictor of academic persistence, satisfaction and success in different learning environments. Participants' perceptions about their learning styles in both…

  2. The Effects of Parenting Style on College Transition

    Science.gov (United States)

    Smith, Gerri

    2011-01-01

    College retention rates are a growing problem for many universities. Previous researchers focused on the inconsistencies between high school exit exams and college entrance exams, marginalized groups, and students with disabilities. However, a gap remains in the current literature regarding other external variables that may affect college…

  3. The Effects of Parenting Style on College Transition

    Science.gov (United States)

    Smith, Gerri

    2011-01-01

    College retention rates are a growing problem for many universities. Previous researchers focused on the inconsistencies between high school exit exams and college entrance exams, marginalized groups, and students with disabilities. However, a gap remains in the current literature regarding other external variables that may affect college…

  4. Faculty Member Perceptions of Academic Leadership Styles at Private Colleges

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gidman, Lori Kathleen

    2013-01-01

    The leadership style of academic leaders was studied through the eyes of faculty members. This empirical study looked at faculty perceptions of academic leadership with the use of a numerical survey as the basis for observation. Faculty members at six private liberal arts institutions completed the Multifactor Leadership Questionnaire (MLQ) in…

  5. Pathways of Parenting Style on Adolescents' College Adjustment, Academic Achievement, and Alcohol Risk

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kenney, Shannon R.; Lac, Andrew; Hummer, Justin F.; Grimaldi, Elizabeth M.; LaBrie, Joseph W.

    2015-01-01

    This study examined the pathways of parenting style (permissive, authoritarian, and authoritative) to alcohol consumption and consequences through the mediators of college adjustment and academic achievement (grade point average [GPA]). Participants were 289 students from a private, mid-size, West Coast university (mean age 19.01 years, 58.8%…

  6. Parenting Styles Influence on Locus of Control, Self-Efficacy and Academic Adjustment in College Students

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mills, Kimberly Tracey

    2010-01-01

    The purpose of this study was to investigate the relationship between perceived parenting style, locus of control, self-efficacy, and student outcome (i.e. academic performance, GPA) in a sample of college students. The relationship among gender and ethnicity were also examined across these variables. There were 100 participants in this study,…

  7. Leadership Styles at Middle- and Early-College Programs: A Quantitative Descriptive Correlational Study

    Science.gov (United States)

    Berksteiner, Earl J.

    2013-01-01

    The purpose of this quantitative descriptive correlational study was to determine if associations existed between middle- and early-college (MEC) principals' leadership styles, teacher motivation, and teacher satisfaction. MEC programs were programs designed to assist high school students who were not served well in a traditional setting (Middle…

  8. Leadership Styles at Middle- and Early-College Programs: A Quantitative Descriptive Correlational Study

    Science.gov (United States)

    Berksteiner, Earl J.

    2013-01-01

    The purpose of this quantitative descriptive correlational study was to determine if associations existed between middle- and early-college (MEC) principals' leadership styles, teacher motivation, and teacher satisfaction. MEC programs were programs designed to assist high school students who were not served well in a traditional setting (Middle…

  9. Pathways of Parenting Style on Adolescents' College Adjustment, Academic Achievement, and Alcohol Risk

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kenney, Shannon R.; Lac, Andrew; Hummer, Justin F.; Grimaldi, Elizabeth M.; LaBrie, Joseph W.

    2015-01-01

    This study examined the pathways of parenting style (permissive, authoritarian, and authoritative) to alcohol consumption and consequences through the mediators of college adjustment and academic achievement (grade point average [GPA]). Participants were 289 students from a private, mid-size, West Coast university (mean age 19.01 years, 58.8%…

  10. The relationship between learning style preference and achievement in the adult student in a multicultural college

    Science.gov (United States)

    Roig, Matilde E.

    Minority college students have varied learning styles and process information from distinct background and cultural perspectives, which influences their learning. Accordingly, the way faculty approach teaching affects student achievement. Few minorities are in scientific fields, with a shortage of scientists predicted. A problem exists in understanding the relationship between learning style preferences and achievement of minority college students. The purpose of the study was to investigate this relationship in adult minority students in a South Florida college's biology courses. Research questions pertained to relationships between learning style preferences, race, ethnicity and grades. This quantitative study used the online Felder-Soloman Inventory of Learning Styles with a 73% response comprised of 162 White, Black-African American, Hispanic, and Asian students. Variables included grades, race, ethnicity, and learning styles. Relative frequency analysis revealed students preferred sensing, visual and sequential learning. ANOVA analysis showed no significant differences between learning style preference and achievement, nor between race-ethnicity and grades. Chi-square analysis revealed a significant relationship between Black-African Americans and Hispanics for sensing, visual and sequential learning, but not for visual. Black-African American students had the lowest passing rate in biology courses, with Asians having the highest. Increased educator and advisor knowledge of learning styles could result in social change and educational reform from this study, through the adoption of best methods for teaching minority groups enrolled in science courses. Knowing the potential shortage of minorities in the sciences, increased achievement in science courses might encourage these students to enter into scientific careers.

  11. ADHD symptoms and academic adjustment to college: the role of parenting style.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Jones, Heather A; Rabinovitch, Annie E; Hubbard, Rebecca R

    2015-03-01

    The primary aim of this study was to examine relationships among parenting style, symptoms of ADHD, and academic adjustment in college students. Specifically, we investigated whether parenting style may act as a buffer in the negative relationship between ADHD symptoms and academic adjustment. Participants were 200 undergraduate students attending a large public university. Questionnaires measuring their ADHD symptoms, parent's parenting style, and academic adjustment were completed. Results indicated small but significant moderation effects for authoritarian parenting and authoritative parenting on the relationship between ADHD symptoms and academic adjustment. Although research has revealed that different parenting styles may relate to different outcomes in children with ADHD, for young adults, the effects of parenting on academic adjustment may be diluted. Future research should investigate variables that may be more salient predictors of functional outcomes for this population, such as organizational skills. © 2013 SAGE Publications.

  12. The Effects of Non-traditional Teaching Styles on College Mathematics between Face-to-face and Online Students

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Peter KIRIAKIDIS

    2011-12-01

    Full Text Available Limited research exists on the effects of teaching styles on college mathematics between face-to-face and online students. The purpose of this experimental quantitative research was to examine the effects of teaching styles on college mathematics between face-to-face and online students. The research question was “What are the effects of teaching styles on college mathematics between face-to-face and online students?” The participants were college students who took math classes either face-to-face or online. The participants were taught by the same professors the same math curricula. The findings of this research may shed further light on the effects of teaching styles on college mathematics between face-to-face and online students.

  13. Relationship between parenting styles and gender role identity in college students.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lin, Yi-Ching; Billingham, Robert E

    2014-02-01

    The relationship between perceived parenting styles and gender role identity was examined in college students. 230 undergraduate students (48 men, 182 women; 18-23 years old) responded to the Parental Authority Questionnaire (PAQ) and the Bem Sex-Role Inventory (BSRI). The hypothesis was that parenting styles (authoritarian, authoritative, and permissive for both fathers and mothers) would be significantly associated with gender role identity (undifferentiated, feminine, masculine, and androgynous) of college students, specifically whether authoritative parenting styles associated with androgyny. To account for differences in sex on gender role identity or parenting styles, sex was included as a factor. The pattern of the difference in identity groups was similar for males and females. There were significant differences in parenting styles between gender role groups. Maternal and paternal authoritativeness correlated with participants' femininity, and for both parents, the relationship was observed to be stronger in males than females; paternal authoritativeness was significantly associated with androgyny. Future research based on these results should investigate how the findings relate to children's psychological well-being and behavioral outcomes.

  14. Perceived Parenting Style and the Eating Practices of College Freshmen

    Science.gov (United States)

    Barnes, Seraphine Pitt; Brown, Kelli McCormack; McDermott, Robert J.; Bryant, Carol A.; Kromrey, Jeffrey

    2012-01-01

    Background: Unhealthy eating contributes to morbidity in adolescents and college students and is an antecedent of premature mortality in adulthood. It has been suggested that the increase in independence (i.e., living away from parents) of adolescents contributes to their poor eating behaviors. Some literature reports that specific parenting…

  15. Inferential Style, School Teachers, and Depressive Symptoms in College Students

    Science.gov (United States)

    Pittard, Caroline M.; Pössel, Patrick; Lau, Timothy

    2017-01-01

    Depressive symptoms affect around half of students at some point during college. According to the hopelessness theory of depression, making negative inferences about stressful events is a vulnerability for developing depression. Negative and socio-emotional teaching behavior can be stressors that are associated with depression in school students.…

  16. Colleges Create Facebook-Style Social Networks to Reach Alumni

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hermes, J.J.

    2008-01-01

    Trying to emulate the popularity of Web sites like Facebook and MySpace, hundreds of college alumni associations have begun to offer their own online social networks, seeking to stake a claim on the computer screens of current and former students, especially young alumni. Many of the sites have struggled to attract alumni and to keep them…

  17. Decision Making Style and Career Indecision in College Students.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Osipow, Samuel H.; Reed, Robin

    1985-01-01

    To examine the process of career indecision, 203 college stuents were given the Career Decision Scale, and the Johnson Decision Making Inventory. Results indicate that one of the Johnson types is associated with a higher degree of career indecision. Spontaneous external decision making types scored highest on the Career Decision Scale, followed by…

  18. Instructional strategies for online introductory college physics based on learning styles

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ekwue, Eleazer U.

    The practical nature of physics and its reliance on mathematical presentations and problem solving pose a challenge toward presentation of the course in an online environment for effective learning experience. Most first-time introductory college physics students fail to grasp the basic concepts of the course and the problem solving skills if the instructional strategy used to deliver the course is not compatible with the learners' preferred learning styles. This study investigates the effect of four instructional strategies based on four learning styles (listening, reading, iconic, and direct-experience) to improve learning for introductory college physics in an online environment. Learning styles of 146 participants were determined with Canfield Learning Style inventory. Of the 85 learners who completed the study, research results showed a statistically significant increase in learning performance following the online instruction in all four learning style groups. No statistically significant differences in learning were found among the four groups. However, greater significant academic improvement was found among learners with iconic and direct-experience modes of learning. Learners in all four groups expressed that the design of the unit presentation to match their individual learning styles contributed most to their learning experience. They were satisfied with learning a new physics concept online that, in their opinion, is either comparable or better than an instructor-led classroom experience. Findings from this study suggest that learners' performance and satisfaction in an online introductory physics course could be improved by using instructional designs that are tailored to learners' preferred ways of learning. It could contribute toward the challenge of providing viable online physics instruction in colleges and universities.

  19. The relationship between personality, defense styles, internet addiction disorder, and psychopathology in college students.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Floros, Georgios; Siomos, Konstantinos; Stogiannidou, Ariadni; Giouzepas, Ioannis; Garyfallos, Georgios

    2014-10-01

    The purpose of this study is to assess any underlying links between personality, defense styles, Internet addiction disorder (IAD), and psychopathology in a college student sample. This is a cross-sectional study of fourth-year Greek Medical students who responded in a comprehensive test battery, which included validated questionnaires on IAD, personality traits, patterns of psychological defense styles, and psychopathology symptoms. A path model that was tested using Partial Least Squares (PLS) methodology showed that the defense styles employed by the students and certain personality traits (Impulsivity, Sensation Seeking, Neuroticism/Anxiety, and Aggression-Hostility) contributed to the prediction of variability in IAD, with IAD in turn predicting variability in overt psychopathology.

  20. College drinking behaviors: mediational links between parenting styles, impulse control, and alcohol-related outcomes.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Patock-Peckham, Julie A; Morgan-Lopez, Antonio A

    2006-06-01

    Mediational links between parenting styles (authoritative, authoritarian, permissive), impulsiveness (general control), drinking control (specific control), and alcohol use and abuse were tested. A pattern-mixture approach (for modeling non-ignorable missing data) with multiple-group structural equation models with 421 (206 female, 215 male) college students was used. Gender was examined as a potential moderator of parenting styles on control processes related to drinking. Specifically, the parent-child gender match was found to have implications for increased levels of impulsiveness (a significant mediator of parenting effects on drinking control). These findings suggest that a parent with a permissive parenting style who is the same gender as the respondent can directly influence control processes and indirectly influence alcohol use and abuse.

  1. Changes in adult attachment styles in American college students over time: a meta-analysis.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Konrath, Sara H; Chopik, William J; Hsing, Courtney K; O'Brien, Ed

    2014-11-01

    The current article examines changes over time in a commonly used measure of adult attachment style. A cross-temporal meta-analysis was conducted on 94 samples of American college students (total N = 25,243, between 1988 and 2011) who chose the most representative description of four possible attachment styles (Secure, Dismissing, Preoccupied, and Fearful) on the Relationship Questionnaire. The percentage of students with Secure attachment styles has decreased in recent years (1988: 48.98%; 2011: 41.62%), whereas the percentage of students with Insecure attachment styles (sum of Dismissing, Preoccupied, Fearful) has increased in recent years (1988: 51.02%; 2011: 58.38%). The percentage of students with Dismissing attachment styles has increased over time (1988: 11.93%; 2011: 18.62%), even after controlling for age, gender, race, and publication status. Positive views of others have declined across the same time period. We discuss possible implications and explanations for these changes. © 2014 by the Society for Personality and Social Psychology, Inc.

  2. Hunters' motivations and values:

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Radder, Laetitia; Bech-Larsen, Tino

    2008-01-01

    This article examines the values and motivations of South African biltong hunters. A hierarchical value map of associations between attributes, consequences and values resulted from laddering interviews with 34 hunters. The Means-End Chain approach proved useful in identifying: (a) personal values......, (b) wildlife value orientations, and (c) motivations associated with desired benefits and satisfactions. Values reflected socialization, achievement, stimulation, hedonism, universalism, and conformity. Materialism, attraction/interest, respect, environmentalism, and rational/scientific were...... the predominant wildlife value orientations. Motivations included male identity, escape, appreciation of nature, and bonding with family and friends. The study refuted perceptions that biltong hunters primarily hunt for the meat or for the sake of killing an animal....

  3. Hunters' motivations and values:

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Radder, Laetitia; Bech-Larsen, Tino

    2008-01-01

    This article examines the values and motivations of South African biltong hunters. A hierarchical value map of associations between attributes, consequences and values resulted from laddering interviews with 34 hunters. The Means-End Chain approach proved useful in identifying: (a) personal values......, (b) wildlife value orientations, and (c) motivations associated with desired benefits and satisfactions. Values reflected socialization, achievement, stimulation, hedonism, universalism, and conformity. Materialism, attraction/interest, respect, environmentalism, and rational/scientific were...... the predominant wildlife value orientations. Motivations included male identity, escape, appreciation of nature, and bonding with family and friends. The study refuted perceptions that biltong hunters primarily hunt for the meat or for the sake of killing an animal....

  4. How is gambling related to perceived parenting style and/or family environment for college students?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Jonkman, Jeffrey; Blinn-Pike, Lynn; Worthy, Sheri Lokken

    2013-03-01

    Background and aims The relationship between college student gambling, parenting styles, and family environments is a neglected area of gambling research. Do parenting styles indirectly influence problem gambling behaviors via family environments? Do poor family environments, characterized by high levels of conflict and low levels of cohesion, increase the likelihood of problem gambling among youth? This study explored the interrelationships among college students' current gambling behaviors and a) having an emotionally close and supportive family environment, b) having nagging and critical parents, c) having an authoritative mother, and d) frequency of alcohol consumption. Methods and results Survey data were collected from 450 undergraduate students enrolled in introductory psychology classes at two state universities in a southern state. Feeling that one has nagging and critical parents was associated with gambling in more venues, while the opposite was true for having emotionally close and supportive families. However, perceptions of having authoritative mothers were not related to gambling. The results also showed that more frequent alcohol consumption was associated with higher odds of gambling in casinos, playing cards for money, betting on sports, gambling on the Internet, higher gambling losses, and a larger number of gambling venues. Conclusions As with any exploratory research, there are several unique lines of inquiry that can, and should, follow from these findings, including more research on how college students' attitudes toward gambling activities may have begun prior to college and been influenced by their feelings about their homes and parents.

  5. Style

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    2017-01-01

    Defined as the tropes, figures, and grammar of the text, style is quite concrete, quite analyzable. Pure detection and identification of the tropes and figures of a text is not very interesting to literary studies, though, unless it is combined with interpretation, that is, unless you ask: What i...

  6. Humor and College Adjustment: The Predictive Nature of Humor, Academic Achievement, Authoritative Parenting Styles on the Initial Adjustment of Male and Female First-Year College Students

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hickman, Gregory P.; Andrews, David W.

    2003-01-01

    A self-report questionnaire on academic achievement, birth order, and family structure; the Student Adaptation to College Questionnaire; the Parental Authority Questionnaire; and the Coping Humor Scale were administered to 257 first-year college students. Researchers examined the relationships among (a) authoritative parenting style, (b) family…

  7. Humor and College Adjustment: The Predictive Nature of Humor, Academic Achievement, Authoritative Parenting Styles on the Initial Adjustment of Male and Female First-Year College Students

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hickman, Gregory P.; Andrews, David W.

    2003-01-01

    A self-report questionnaire on academic achievement, birth order, and family structure; the Student Adaptation to College Questionnaire; the Parental Authority Questionnaire; and the Coping Humor Scale were administered to 257 first-year college students. Researchers examined the relationships among (a) authoritative parenting style, (b) family…

  8. Criminal Justice Education: Investigation of Retention, Self-Efficacy, and Teaching Style in College Based versus Law Enforcement Academies

    Science.gov (United States)

    Drummond, Frank J.

    2009-01-01

    The purpose of this study was to investigate measures of retention, self-efficacy, and teaching style in a college based law enforcement program versus an agency based law enforcement academy on the west coast through survey methods. A total of 35 law enforcement based academy instructors (i.e., Modesto) and 30 college based academy instructors…

  9. Criminal Justice Education: Investigation of Retention, Self-Efficacy, and Teaching Style in College Based versus Law Enforcement Academies

    Science.gov (United States)

    Drummond, Frank J.

    2009-01-01

    The purpose of this study was to investigate measures of retention, self-efficacy, and teaching style in a college based law enforcement program versus an agency based law enforcement academy on the west coast through survey methods. A total of 35 law enforcement based academy instructors (i.e., Modesto) and 30 college based academy instructors…

  10. Personality factors and styles among college students who binge eat and drink.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rush, Christina C; Becker, Sara J; Curry, John F

    2009-03-01

    Elevated rates of comorbidity between binge eating and alcohol use problems have been widely documented. Prior studies have examined specific personality traits associated with the co-occurrence of these problems. The current study explores comprehensive personality factors that are associated with the co-occurrence of binge eating and binge drinking among a diverse sample of 208 college undergraduates. Using the Five Factor Model of personality, the authors assessed both comprehensive personality factors and style of impulse control, a personality style defined by different combinations of neuroticism and conscientiousness. On the basis of responses to a screening instrument, college students were assigned to one of four groups: binge eat, binge drink, binge eat and drink, and non-binge. The binge eat and drink group reported a higher level of neuroticism than did students in the binge drink and non-binge groups. Additionally, the binge eat and drink group was more likely to report an undercontrolled style of impulse control than were other groups. (PsycINFO Database Record (c) 2009 APA, all rights reserved).

  11. The Higgs hunter's guide

    CERN Document Server

    Gunion, John F; Haber, Howard E; Kane, Gordon L

    1989-01-01

    The Higgs Hunter's Guide is a definitive and comprehensive guide to the physics of Higgs bosons. In particular, it discusses the extended Higgs sectors required by those recent theoretical approaches that go beyond the Standard Model, including supersymmetry and superstring-inspired models.

  12. Learning-style preferences of Latino/Hispanic community college students enrolled in an introductory biology course

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sarantopoulos, Helen D.

    Purpose. The purpose of this study was to identify, according to the Productivity Environment Preference Survey (PEPS) instrument, which learning-style domains (environmental, emotional, sociological, and physiological) were favored among Latino/Hispanic community college students enrolled in introductory biology classes in a large, urban community college. An additional purpose of this study was to determine whether statistically significant differences existed between the learning-style preferences and the demographic variables of age, gender, number of prior science courses, second language learner status, and earlier exposure to scientific information. Methodology. The study design was descriptive and ex post facto. The sample consisted of a total of 332 Latino/Hispanic students enrolled in General Biology 3. Major findings. The study revealed that Latino/Hispanic students enrolled in introductory biology at a large urban community college scored higher for the learning preference element of structure. Students twenty-five years and older scored higher for the learning preference elements of light, design, persistence, responsibility, and morning time (p learning-style preferences were found between second English language learners and those who learned English as their primary language (p learning-style model and instruments and on recent learning-style research articles on ethnically diverse groups of adult learners; and (2) Instructors should plan their instruction to incorporate the learning-style preferences of their students.

  13. "Having Our Say": High Achieving African American Male College Graduates Speak about Parental Involvement and Parenting Style

    Science.gov (United States)

    Odom, Lynn Lanier; McNeese, Rose M.

    2014-01-01

    The purpose of this study was to examine the patterns of parental involvement and parenting styles of the parents of academically successful African American males who graduated from historically Black colleges or universities (Odom, 2013). More specifically, the study investigated relationships among students' perceptions of their parents'…

  14. Administrators' Power Usage Styles and Their Impact on the Organizational Culture in Colleges of Education: A Case Study

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ozcan, Kenan; Karatas, Ibrahim Hakan; Caglar, Çaglar; Polat, Murat

    2014-01-01

    The main purpose of this study is to determine how power usage styles of administrators of faculties of education influence the organizational culture in their respective faculties in Turkey. Using the phenomenological method, a qualitative research method, researchers studied a group comprised of 20 academics from 7 different colleges of…

  15. College drinking behaviors: mediational links between parenting styles, parental bonds, depression, and alcohol problems.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Patock-Peckham, Julie A; Morgan-Lopez, Antonio A

    2007-09-01

    Mediational links between parenting styles (authoritative, authoritarian, permissive), parental bond (positive, negative), depression, alcohol use and abuse were tested. A 2-group, multiple-indicator, multiple-cause structural equation model with 441 (216 female, 225 male) college students was examined. In general, a poor parental bond with one's father was highly predictive of depression, a well-known predictor of alcohol abuse and related problems for both genders. In contrast, a positive parental bond with one's father significantly mediated the positive effects of authoritative fathering on depression, which then decreased alcohol use problems for both genders. For women, a negative parental bond with one's father significantly mediated the effect of having an authoritarian father on depression, which increased alcohol use problems. These findings suggest that parental influences on pathways to alcohol abuse through depression (primarily through fathers for both genders) are distinct from pathways stemming from poor impulse control (with influences primarily from the same-sex parents for both genders).

  16. The relationship among young adult college students' depression, anxiety, stress, demographics, life satisfaction, and coping styles.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mahmoud, Jihan Saber Raja; Staten, Ruth; Hall, Lynne A; Lennie, Terry A

    2012-03-01

    Recent research indicates that young adult college students experience increased levels of depression, anxiety, and stress. It is less clear what strategies college health care providers might use to assist students in decreasing these mental health concerns. In this paper, we examine the relative importance of coping style, life satisfaction, and selected demographics in predicting undergraduates' depression, anxiety, and stress. A total of 508 full-time undergraduate students aged 18-24 years completed the study measures and a short demographics information questionnaire. Coping strategies and life satisfaction were assessed using the Brief COPE Inventory and an adapted version of the Brief Students' Multidimensional Life Satisfaction Scale. Depression, anxiety, and stress were measured using the Depression Anxiety and Stress Scale-21 (DASS-21). Multiple regression analyses were used to examine the relative influence of each of the independent variables on depression, anxiety, and stress. Maladaptive coping was the main predictor of depression, anxiety, and stress. Adaptive coping was not a significant predictor of any of the three outcome variables. Reducing maladaptive coping behaviors may have the most positive impact on reducing depression, anxiety, and stress in this population.

  17. CHARACTERISTICS OF LIFE STYLE AND HEALTH-STATUS OF MALE STUDENTS AT A NATIONAL COLLEGE OF TECHNOLOGY

    OpenAIRE

    池本, 幸雄; 出村, 慎一; 長澤, 吉則; 山次, 俊介; 島田, 茂; 南, 雅樹

    2003-01-01

    The purpose of this study was to examine characteristics of life style and health-status of male students at a National College of Technology. A questionnaire consisting of 75 items on life style and health-status was administered to 581 healthy male students aged 15 to 20 years. The frequencies and proportions for each item were computed, and the proportion-differences were examined using one-way analysis of variance. Quite a few students have some exercise habit, and they exercise more than...

  18. A Case Study of Two College Students’ Reading Strategies and Their Writing Styles

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Zhanfang Li

    2016-07-01

    Full Text Available The importance of integrating reading and writing has aroused many people’s interest, and how to bridge the gap between input (reading and output (writing is regarded as an urgent necessity. However, input does not equal to intake, and to achieve the stage of intake, the reader’s conscious attention to the input is necessary, which is commonly realized in the reading process, either by intensive reading (focus-on-form or extensive reading (focus-on-meaning. Previous studies put more emphasis on extensive reading, while this study is based on the assumed different effects of reading strategies upon writing styles, that is, intensive reading may guarantee accurate writing and extensive reading may promote fluent writing. Therefore the relationship between two college students’ reading strategies and writing styles is the focus of this study. The research lasts for 16 months (August, 2014 - December, 2015, during which all their journal writing pieces, their term papers, together with their compositions in the final exams, are used as the written data, while materials concerned with their reading strategies are collected by a questionnaire, two interviews, as well as their written self-reflections. Results show that extensive reading with a subconscious focus-on-meaning tends to enhance the fluency of writing while intensive reading with a conscious focus-on-form is more likely to promote the writing accuracy. Findings suggest that production is based on intake, which is the result of either the subconscious or conscious attention to both the language meaning and language form.

  19. Neurogenic bladder in Hunter's syndrome.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Koyama, K; Moda, Y; Sone, A; Tanaka, H; Hino, Y

    1994-01-01

    We encountered a rare patient with Hunter's syndrome who exhibited urinary retention as a result of a neurogenic bladder, uninhibited detrusor contractions, and detrusor-sphincter dyssynergia. Neurological findings were consistent with cervical myelopathy and cervical MR imaging showed very narrow segments at the cord level C2-4. We speculate that this Hunter's syndrome patient has cervical myelopathy and that this neurological dysfunction causes the neurogenic bladder. PMID:8014981

  20. Learning Styles of Undergraduate Musical Students Attending Music College in Thailand

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Anchalee Tanwinit

    2010-06-01

    Full Text Available Some previous studies postulate that every individual has a different learning style. Students have preferences for the ways in which they receive information. One of the most challenges that music educator in Thailand face today is improving the level of music student satisfaction with the curriculum and learning environment. To determine whether a particular teaching method might enhance student satisfaction with the learning process, a learning preferences survey linked to sensory modalities was given to music students of Undergraduate Studies at College of Music Mahidol University, Thailand. The survey called VARK (an acronym for Visual, Aural, Read-Write, and Kinesthetic was applied in order to identify student’s preferences for particular modes of information presentation. The purpose of this descriptive study was thus to determine the learning style and measure the distribution of learning preference mean scores of the music students and note any significant differences among classes and gender determined using 348 participants from the Mahidol University College of Music, Thailand, in 2008-2009. According to the VARK questionnaire, students were divided into five groups (visual, auditory, read-write, kinesthetic, and multimodal learners. The unimodality preference was 33.9 % and multimodality was 66.1 %. Among the students who preferred one mode of information presentation, 15.3 % were kinesthetic, 62.7 % were auditory, 10.2 % were visual, and 11.9 % were read-write learners, respectively. Some students preferred multiple modes: bimodal (26.4 %, trimodal (27.3 %, and quadmodal (12.4 %, respectively. Music students prefer aural learning at a higher percentage than other modes. Inter-class differences varied while gender differences were not significant. Introducing the VARK survey can provide a vehicle for self-knowledge and to explore opportunities for making the music educational experience both more productive and enjoyable for

  1. The Effect of Academic Discipline and Gender Difference on Taiwanese College Students' Learning Styles and Strategies in Web-Based Learning Environments

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ku, David Tawei; Chang, Chiung-Sui

    2011-01-01

    This paper explores students' learning styles in relation to learning strategies in web-based learning environments, and in particular, how academic discipline and gender differences affect learning styles and learning strategies in web-based learning for college students in Taiwan. The results show that regardless of learning strategy, academic…

  2. Learning Styles and General Attitudes toward Computers: An Analysis of Students Enrolled in Computer Science Modules at Calvin College. Research Field Study.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Miller, Pamela

    This study examined the relationship between the learning style profile of students enrolled in the service module courses offered by the Computer Science department at Calvin College (Michigan) and their general attitudes toward computers. Data were gathered using the VARK (Visual, Aural, Read/write, and Kinesthetic) learning style inventory and…

  3. Honey-Alonso Learning Styles Questionnaire: An Analysis of its Psychometric Properties in College Students

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Agustín Freiberg Hoffmann

    2013-07-01

    Full Text Available Honey-Alonso Learning Styles Questionnaire’s psychometric properties were analyzed. In order to do this, two different studies were developed: content and facies validity in one hand, and construct validity procedures in the other. The very first examined items and scale by expert judgment. The second one used principal components analysis (PCA and internal consistency in a preliminary stage, and confirmatory factor analysis (CFA in the following. Two independent Argentinian college student samples were analyzed. Content validity results indicate the needing of modifying 8 items. Dichotomous answer scale was preserved. According to the results of construct validity, CPA showed four dimensions with better fit and good internal consistency. Only one of them -pragmatic component- responded to the original model. The remaining factors –assimilatory, convergent, adaptive- were identified as belonging to Kolb´s (1984 theoretical model. Confirmatory factor analysis compared PCA model with Alonso, Gallego and Honey´s model (1994, obtaining a better fit for the first. Results support PCA´s structural dimensions for the questionnaire.

  4. Consumer Decision-Making Styles for Singaporean College Consumers: An Exploratory Study

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bae, Sungwon; Pyun, Do Young; Lee, Soonhwan

    2010-01-01

    The purpose of this study was to investigate Singaporean consumers' decision-making styles (shopping styles) for sports products. This study used a scale of the Purchaser Style Inventory for Sport Products (PSISP) to identify if the scale was reliable. An instrument, consisting of 42 items under 9 dimensions, was administrated to 234 college…

  5. The Infrared Hunter

    Science.gov (United States)

    2006-01-01

    [figure removed for brevity, see original site] [figure removed for brevity, see original site] Figure 1Figure 2 This image composite compares infrared and visible views of the famous Orion nebula and its surrounding cloud, an industrious star-making region located near the hunter constellation's sword. The infrared picture is from NASA's Spitzer Space Telescope, and the visible image is from the National Optical Astronomy Observatory, headquartered in Tucson, Ariz. In addition to Orion, two other nebulas can be seen in both pictures. The Orion nebula, or M42, is the largest and takes up the lower half of the images; the small nebula to the upper left of Orion is called M43; and the medium-sized nebula at the top is NGC 1977. Each nebula is marked by a ring of dust that stands out in the infrared view. These rings make up the walls of cavities that are being excavated by radiation and winds from massive stars. The visible view of the nebulas shows gas heated by ultraviolet radiation from the massive stars. Above the Orion nebula, where the massive stars have not yet ejected much of the obscuring dust, the visible image appears dark with only a faint glow. In contrast, the infrared view penetrates the dark lanes of dust, revealing bright swirling clouds and numerous developing stars that have shot out jets of gas (green). This is because infrared light can travel through dust, whereas visible light is stopped short by it. The infrared image shows light captured by Spitzer's infrared array camera. Light with wavelengths of 8 and 5.8 microns (red and orange) comes mainly from dust that has been heated by starlight. Light of 4.5 microns (green) shows hot gas and dust; and light of 3.6 microns (blue) is from starlight.

  6. 大学生心理对学风建设的影响%Psychological Impact of College Students on Construction of Learning Style

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    唐通

    2012-01-01

    The excellent learning style is an impo.,lant guarantee for college students to develop. Strengthening it is of sig- nificance and influence. Aiming for problems in learning style for college students, college students' psychological impact on learning style is explored, and strategies and ideas for improving construction of learning style are put forward.%优良学风是高校学生培养的重要保证。加强学风建设具有重要意义和影响。针对大学生中存在的学风问题,探讨大学生心理对高校学风建设的影响,提出促进学风建设的对策和思路。

  7. Planet Hunters: A Status Report

    Science.gov (United States)

    Schwamb, Megan E.; Orosz, J. A.; Carter, J. A.; Fischer, D. A.; Howard, A. W.; Crepp, J. R.; Welsh, W. F.; Kaib, N. A.; Lintott, C. J.; Terrell, D.; Jek, K. J.; Gagliano, R.; Parrish, M.; Smith, A. M.; Lynn, S.; Brewer, J. M.; Giguere, M. J.; Schawinski, K.; Simpson, R. J.

    2012-10-01

    The Planet Hunters (http://www.planethunters.org) citizen science project uses the power of human pattern recognition via the World Wide Web to identify transits in the Kepler public data. Planet Hunters uses the Zooniverse (http://www.zooniverse.org) platform to present visitors to the Planet Hunters website with a randomly selected 30-day light curve segment from one of Kepler's 160,000 target stars. Volunteers are asked to draw boxes to mark the locations of visible transits with multiple independent classifiers reviewing each 30-day light curve segment. Since December 2010, more than 170,000 members of the general public have participated in Planet Hunters contributing over 12.5 million classifications searching the 1 1/2 years of publicly released Kepler observations. Planet Hunters is a novel and complementary technique to the automated transit detection algorithms, providing an independent assessment of the completeness of the Kepler exoplanet inventory. We report the latest results from Planet Hunters, highlighting in particular our latest efforts to search for circumbinary planets (planets orbiting a binary star) and single transit events in the first 1.5 years of public Kepler data. We will present a status report of our search of the first 6 Quarters of Kepler data, introducing our new planet candidates and sharing the results of our observational follow-up campaign to characterize these planetary systems. Acknowledgements: MES is supported by a NSF Astronomy and Astrophysics Postdoctoral Fellowship under award AST-1003258. This is research is supported in part by an American Philosophical Society Franklin Grant.

  8. Identification and specialization as a waterfowl hunter

    Science.gov (United States)

    Schroeder, Susan A.; Fulton, David C.; Lawrence, Jeffrey S.; Cordts, Steven D.

    2013-01-01

    Like specialization, identity offers a way for differentiating and understanding recreationists and for gaining insight into the question of participant progression in an activity. We examined how identity related to measures of specialization among lapsed and current waterfowl hunters. Lapsed hunters included those who had purchased a Minnesota waterfowl stamp between 2000 and 2004, but not since this time. Current hunters had purchased a 2010 stamp. Results suggested that some waterfowl hunters specialize and progress toward a waterfowl-hunter identity. Others, however, either hunt for years but never specialize and identify as waterfowl hunters, or move toward but do not attain a waterfowl hunter identity. Individuals who achieve a waterfowl hunter identity may also later relinquish this identity. Identification was associated with increased specialization and resistance to change from a preference for waterfowl hunting. Individuals who had relinquished their identity retained social and knowledge-based commitment to waterfowl hunting, whereas attraction and centrality declined.

  9. LEARNING STYLES AMONGST FIRST YEAR MEDICAL STUENTS AT S.R. T. R. GOVERNMENT MEDICAL COLLEGE, AMBAJOGAI, INDIA

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Nilima.P.Patil,

    2015-03-01

    Full Text Available Learning style is defined as the manner and the conditions under which learners most efficiently and effectively perceives, process, store and recall what they are attempting to learn. We are interested in developing teaching approaches to address the learning needs of all of our medical students. To better understand our learners and their learning style characteristics, we administered Fleming’s VAK questionnaire for assessing sensory modality. Participants in this study consisted of 1st year Medical students at S.R.T.R. Government Medical College, Ambajogai, India. A total of 133 students completed the questionnaire. The VAK questionnaire was used to identify one facet of student learning styles, the sensory modality by which they prefer to take information. Most of the students 58.64 % of the students preferred a single mode of information presentation. Among these students, 10.52 %preferred visual (learning from graphs, charts, and flow diagrams, 19.54 %preferred auditory (learning from speech, and 28.57%preferred kinesthetic (learning from touch, smell, and taste.. In contrast, 41.35 % students preferred multiple modes [two modes (39.84%, three modes (1.5%] of information presentation. As teachers, we need to assess and understand how to reach all students by understanding how to present the information in multiple modes. We can help students more effectively; both in and out of the classroom, if we are aware of their learning style.

  10. Exploration and Practice on Learning Style Construction in Higher Vocational Colleges%高职院校学风建设的探索和实践

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    侯振鞠

    2014-01-01

    In accordance with the characteristics of learning style construction in higher vocational colleges, as well as the problems existing in the learning style construction of our department, this paper constructed an education system for students' learning styles, and enhanced teaching style construction, aiming to con-struct favorable learning styles, through student skill competition, the participation in scientific research, and strictly control of ex-amination disciplines and styles.%按照高职院校学风建设的特点,针对我系学风建设中存在问题,构筑学生学风教育体系,强化教风建设以及通过学生技能大赛、参加科研实践、严抓考纪考风等措施,达到建设优良学风的目的。

  11. Gender Differences in the Relationships among Parenting Styles and College Student Mental Health

    Science.gov (United States)

    Barton, Alison L.; Kirtley, Michael S.

    2012-01-01

    Objective: Levels of student depression may increase as stress increases; parenting styles may be one indirect source of stress. The authors examined the role of parenting style in relationship to student stress, anxiety, and depression, with focused attention on gender differences. Participants: Participants were 290 undergraduate students (58%…

  12. Gender Differences in the Relationships among Parenting Styles and College Student Mental Health

    Science.gov (United States)

    Barton, Alison L.; Kirtley, Michael S.

    2012-01-01

    Objective: Levels of student depression may increase as stress increases; parenting styles may be one indirect source of stress. The authors examined the role of parenting style in relationship to student stress, anxiety, and depression, with focused attention on gender differences. Participants: Participants were 290 undergraduate students (58%…

  13. Principals' Transformational and Transactional Leadership Style and Job Satisfaction of College Teachers

    Science.gov (United States)

    Nazim, Fareena

    2016-01-01

    Leadership style is the general way a leader behaves towards his subordinates for attaining objectives. There are two major dimensions of leadership i.e. transformational leadership and transactional leadership. The objective of the present study was to find out the relationship between leadership styles of principals and job satisfaction of…

  14. Square Pegs, Round Holes: An Exploration of Teaching Methods and Learning Styles of Millennial College Students

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bailey, Regina M.

    2012-01-01

    In an information-saturated world, today's college students desire to be engaged both in and out of their college classrooms. This mixed-methods study sought to explore how replacing traditional teaching methods with engaged learning activities affects millennial college student attitudes and perceptions about learning. The sub-questions…

  15. The Meaning and Construction of the Study Style of Independent College%浅析独立学院学风的内涵与建设

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    陈金林

    2011-01-01

    This study style is the concentrated expression of student learning, life, law-abiding and a variety of factors in independent college. This paper analyzes the content and construction of study style in independent college, accelerates the pace of building study style and fundamentally improves the style of study.%学风是独立学院学生学生学习、生活和遵纪守法等多种因素的集中体现,分析独立学院学风的内涵和建设,加快独立学院学风的建设步伐,从根本上搞好独立学院的学风.

  16. Learning Styles and Its Enlightenment on College English Teaching%学习风格及其对大学英语教学的启示

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    刘怡

    2012-01-01

    通过分析学习风格的内涵、特征及分类,阐述了学习风格对大学英语教学的启示和指导作用。%This paper analyzes the concept,features and classifications of learning styles,and elaborates the enlightenment and directive function of learning styles on college English teaching.

  17. Parenting Style and Generativity Measured in College Students and Their Parents

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Denise D. Guastello

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available The logical consistency between generativity and the authoritative parenting style led to the hypothesis that the two behavior patterns or orientations were related. Survey measurements of perceived parenting style (authoritarian, authoritative, and permissive and generativity in 559 university students and their respective parents were compared. The authoritative parenting style correlated positively with generativity for both students and parents. Both students and mothers scored significantly higher on generativity than fathers, but no significant difference was found between students’ and mothers’ generativity. Hierarchical regression showed that students’ generativity was proximally related to their perceptions of their mothers’ authoritative parenting style, their mothers’ reports of parenting style, and their mothers’ generativity. Father’s generativity or parenting style did not make any additional contributions. The pattern of results suggested that generativity is a learned orientation and more often from mothers than from fathers. The role of maturation might not be as strong as developmental theory would suggest. Several avenues of future research were outlined.

  18. Grasha-Richmann college students' learning styles of classroom participation: role of gender and major.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Baneshi, Ali Reza; Dehghan Tezerjani, Mahnaz; Mokhtarpour, Hasan

    2014-07-01

    This study aimed to investigate the male and female students' learning styles of classroom participation and these styles' differences between Humanities and Science majors. 1039 individuals were selected through the proportional stratified random sampling method among undergraduate and graduate students in Humanities (n=421) and Science (n=618) faculties of Tehran University. In the Humanities group, there were 285 females and 136 males, and in the Science group, there were 208 females and 410 males. The participants answered the Grasha-Riechmann student learning styles scale. The findings indicated that the females obtained significantly higher means in collaborative, participative, and dependent styles than males, but in avoidant, and independent styles, the means for males were higher than those for females. Also, the science group's means in collaborative, participative, dependent, and competitive styles were significantly higher than those for the humanities group. According to the findings, it seems that due to psychological characteristics, female students tend to collaborate with other students of the same sex and participate in their activities. In this way, they also are more dependent on their teacher and classroom, because otherwise they will face some problems such as anxiety. In addition, it seems that science students in comparison to humanities students are more participative and collaborative because they need more collaboration in their projects and course work.

  19. Travels with the Fossil Hunters

    Science.gov (United States)

    Whybrow, Peter J.

    2000-04-01

    Whether dodging bullets in West Africa, or rabid dogs in Pakistan, surviving yak-butter tea in Tibet, or eating raw fish in China, the life of a globe-trotting fossil hunter is often hazardous and always filled with surprises. Travels with the Fossil Hunters lets readers share the wonder, joys of discovery, and excitement of these intrepid scientists. Packed with more than 100 beautiful, full-color photographs, the volume takes readers on twelve expeditions to remote parts of the world in search of diverse fossil remains, from those of dinosaurs to human ancestors. Each expedition by paleontologists from London's Natural History Museum reveals the problems and challenges of working in extreme conditions, from the deserts of the Sahara and Yemen to the frozen wastes of Antarctica, from the mountains of India to the forests of Latvia. Along the way they also describe the paleontology and geology of the countries they visit and the scientific reasons for their expeditions. With a foreword from Sir David Attenborough and an introduction from Richard Fortey, this fascinating book will appeal to amateur and professional fossil hunters alike and to readers interested in accounts of exotic locales. Peter Whybrow is a research scientist at the Natural History Museum, London. His research interests include Arabian Miocene vertebrates, paleoclimates, paleogeography, and biotic diversity. He is senior editor with A. Hill of Fossil Vertebrates of Arabia (Yale University Press, New Haven, 1999).

  20. 'Any style but gothic': Building a home for the Royal College of Physicians of Ireland.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wheelock, H

    2016-06-01

    On 15 July 1864 the Royal College of Physicians of Ireland held its first business meeting in its newly built home at 6 Kildare Street, Dublin. Although the Royal College of Physicians of Ireland had been in existence for over 200 years this was the first occasion that a College meeting had been held in a building owned by the College. This paper looks at the history behind the construction of a home for the Royal College of Physicians of Ireland. It will examine why it took over 200 years for the Physicians to find a permanent home, how they ended up with the building they did, and what they borrowed from the Royal College of Physicians in Edinburgh in the process.

  1. Grasha-richmann college students’ learning styles of classroom participation: Role of gender and major

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    ALI REZA BANESHI

    2014-07-01

    Full Text Available Introduction: This study aimed to investigate the male and female students’ learning styles of classroom participation and these styles’ differences between Humanities and Science majors. Methods: 1039 individuals were selected through the proportional stratified random sampling method among undergraduate and graduate students in Humanities (n=421 and Science (n=618 faculties of Tehran University. In the Humanities group, there were 285 females and 136 males, and in the Science group, there were 208 females and 410 males. The participants answered the Grasha-Riechmann student learning styles scale. Results: The findings indicated that the females obtained significantly higher means in collaborative, participative, and dependent styles than males, but in avoidant, and independent styles, the means for males were higher than those for females. Also, the science group’s means in collaborative, participative, dependent, and competitive styles were significantly higher than those for the humanities group. Conclusion: According to the findings, it seems that due to psychological characteristics, female students tend to collaborate with other students of the same sex and participate in their activities. In this way, they also are more dependent on their teacher and classroom, because otherwise they will face some problems such as anxiety. In addition, it seems that science students in comparison to humanities students are more participative and collaborative because they need more collaboration in their projects and course work.

  2. Grasha-Richmann college students’ learning styles of classroom participation: role of gender and major

    Science.gov (United States)

    BANESHI, ALI REZA; DEHGHAN TEZERJANI, MAHNAZ; MOKHTARPOUR, HASAN

    2014-01-01

    Introduction: This study aimed to investigate the male and female students’ learning styles of classroom participation and these styles’ differences between Humanities and Science majors. Method: 1039 individuals were selected through the proportional stratified random sampling method among undergraduate and graduate students in Humanities (n=421) and Science (n=618) faculties of Tehran University. In the Humanities group, there were 285 females and 136 males, and in the Science group, there were 208 females and 410 males. The participants answered the Grasha-Riechmann student learning styles scale. Results: The findings indicated that the females obtained significantly higher means in collaborative, participative, and dependent styles than males, but in avoidant, and independent styles, the means for males were higher than those for females. Also, the science group’s means in collaborative, participative, dependent, and competitive styles were significantly higher than those for the humanities group. Conclusion: According to the findings, it seems that due to psychological characteristics, female students tend to collaborate with other students of the same sex and participate in their activities. In this way, they also are more dependent on their teacher and classroom, because otherwise they will face some problems such as anxiety. In addition, it seems that science students in comparison to humanities students are more participative and collaborative because they need more collaboration in their projects and course work. PMID:25512929

  3. Development of a college student sport learning style evaluation model%大学生体育学习风格测评模型的研制

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    孙福成; 李阿特

    2014-01-01

    Based on literature review, structural interview and open questionnaire survey, the authors worked out a college student sport learning style pretest questionnaire, then through the pretest and revision of the pretest ques-tionnaire, formed a formal College Student Sport Learning Style Questionnaire, used the formal questionnaire to conduct a formal investigation on 507 college students, and by means of exploratory factor analysis and confirma-tory factor analysis, derived a college student sport learning style structure that includes such 4 dimensions as deci-sion-making, feedback, self-awareness and presentation;various dimensions of college student sport learning style reflect learners’ personal preferences in sport learning;the combinations of the characteristics of the 4 dimensions in different ways constitute 4 sport learning styles, namely, rational, emotional, initiative and evasive sport learning styles. The college student sport learning style questionnaire shows good reliability and validity indexes, can be used as a college student sport learning style evaluation tool.%在文献综述、结构访谈和开放式问卷调查基础上,编制大学生体育学习风格的预试问卷,通过预试问卷的预试和修改,形成正式的“大学生体育学习风格问卷”。用该问卷对507名大学生进行正式调查,通过探索性因素分析和验证性因素分析,得出大学生体育学习风格结构,包括决策、反馈、自觉和展现4个维度;大学生体育学习风格各维度反映学习者在体育学习中的个人偏好,4个维度特征不同方式的结合,构成理智、情感、主动和回避4种体育学习风格类型。大学生体育学习风格问卷的信效度指标良好,可以作为大学生体育学习风格的测评工具。

  4. A Study of the Relationship between Assertive Parenting Styles and Career Indecision in College Students

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cullen, Keith C.

    2013-01-01

    For a variety of reasons, higher levels of parental assertiveness have begun to impact even the basic conflicts college students encounter while in attendance. Called "helicopter parenting" within the popular press, these parents are described as involving themselves in the minutia of their child's college experience, engaging with…

  5. A Study of the Relationship between Assertive Parenting Styles and Career Indecision in College Students

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cullen, Keith C.

    2013-01-01

    For a variety of reasons, higher levels of parental assertiveness have begun to impact even the basic conflicts college students encounter while in attendance. Called "helicopter parenting" within the popular press, these parents are described as involving themselves in the minutia of their child's college experience, engaging with…

  6. The Institutional Vision of Community Colleges: Assessing Style as Well as Substance

    Science.gov (United States)

    Abelman, Robert; Dalessandro, Amy

    2008-01-01

    Providing an accessible and adaptable education has become an increasingly daunting task for community colleges. Administrators must formulate adaptive strategies as well as purposefully articulate them. A content analysis of the mission and vision statements from a nationwide sample of community colleges was performed, and key linguistic…

  7. Hunter Valley的诚信%Hunter Valley's Honesty

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2007-01-01

    @@ 去年圣诞节假期,我和小T曾和大连狮子一家三口,到悉尼附近知名旅游地Hunter Valley(猎人谷)度过了快乐充实的三天. 我们一行五人在圣诞节那天乘坐提前预订好的马车,大约走访了八、九个大大小小的葡萄洒园.

  8. Identifying Teaching Style: The Case of Saudi College English Language and Literature Teachers

    Science.gov (United States)

    Alhussain, Aisha M.

    2012-01-01

    The purpose of this paper is twofold. The first objective is to give an account of why I set out to study teaching styles, how I carried out and analyzed a questionnaire survey, what results I got, and what the implications of these results are. The intent is to provide teachers with enough information to help them think about how these findings…

  9. Hunters in the new millennium”

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Hansen, Hans Peter

    of the modern world continue to practice hunting? What are the preferences of the modern hunter? How are the preferences and conduct of hunters related to the social and demographic factors? What are the social, political and economical impacts of hunting? What motivates people to hunt? - In spite of the fact...... that hunting is a common source of conflict between different interests, only very few studies has been made to produce knowledge about people hunting for leisure. The survey “Hunters in the new millennium” is an attempt to contribute to a better understanding of hunters and hunting in an increasing urbanized...

  10. Cognitive Styles Field Dependence/Independence and Scientific Achievement of Male and Female Students of Zamfara State College of Education Maru, Nigeria

    Science.gov (United States)

    Muhammad, Tukur; Daniel, Esther Gananamalar Sarojini; Abdurauf, Rose Amnah

    2015-01-01

    This study was conducted to examine the association between cognitive styles (Field dependence/Independence) and scientific achievement in Male and Female student of Biology and Integrated science Department of Zamfara State College of Education Maru, the is correlational. A population of 700 students were used, in which 150 were randomly selected…

  11. The Effects of Maternal Parenting Style and Religious Commitment on Self-Regulation, Academic Achievement, and Risk Behavior among African-American Parochial College Students

    Science.gov (United States)

    Abar, Beau; Carter, Kermit L.; Winsler, Adam

    2009-01-01

    This study explored relations between religiosity, both parent and student, and maternal parenting style and student academic self-regulation, academic achievement, and risk behavior among African-American youth attending a parochial college. Eighty-five students completed self-report survey measures of religiosity, self-regulation, academic…

  12. The Effects of Maternal Parenting Style and Religious Commitment on Self-Regulation, Academic Achievement, and Risk Behavior among African-American Parochial College Students

    Science.gov (United States)

    Abar, Beau; Carter, Kermit L.; Winsler, Adam

    2009-01-01

    This study explored relations between religiosity, both parent and student, and maternal parenting style and student academic self-regulation, academic achievement, and risk behavior among African-American youth attending a parochial college. Eighty-five students completed self-report survey measures of religiosity, self-regulation, academic…

  13. The effects of maternal parenting style and religious commitment on self-regulation, academic achievement, and risk behavior among African-American parochial college students.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Abar, Beau; Carter, Kermit L; Winsler, Adam

    2009-04-01

    This study explored relations between religiosity, both parent and student, and maternal parenting style and student academic self-regulation, academic achievement, and risk behavior among African-American youth attending a parochial college. Eighty-five students completed self-report survey measures of religiosity, self-regulation, academic achievement, and risk behavior. Participants also completed youth report measures of parental religiosity and perceived maternal parenting style. Correlational analyses show authoritative parenting to be associated with high levels of academic performance and study skills. Additional correlations revealed that highly religious students tend to perform well academically, study better, and engage in fewer risk behaviors than youth less committed to religion. Although no direct relations were observed between parenting style and student religiosity, maternal parenting style was found to moderate relations between parental and student religiosity. Findings are discussed in terms of their relevance to the population studied.

  14. Leadership styles and occupational stress among college athletic directors: the moderating effect of program goals.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ryska, Todd A

    2002-03-01

    The interaction between an individual's abilities and the perceived demands of the workplace appears to make a unique contribution to job-related stress above and beyond that of dispositional or situational factors alone (R. S. Lazarus, 1990). In the present study, the author evaluated this contention among 245 male intercollegiate athletic directors by assessing the combined influence of leadership style and program goals on occupational stress. Regression analyses revealed the presence of both significant main effects and interaction effects of leadership style and program goals in the prediction of emotional exhaustion, daily job stress, and personal accomplishment. Findings are discussed in terms of person-environment fit theory (J. R. P. French, R. D. Caplan, & R. V. Harrison, 1982) and the notion of perceived control within the occupational setting.

  15. Comparison of College Science Major Students’ Learning Styles and Critical Thinking Disposition

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Songül TÜMKAYA

    2011-08-01

    Full Text Available The current study aimed to investigate science major students' learning styles and critical thinking disposition. A total of 650 students; 169 of them biology major, 167 of them physics major, 145 of them chemistry major, and 169 of them mathematics major participated to the study. Students‟ scores highest on Analyticity subscale. Independent t-test results showed that there is a significant difference in some subscales of students‟ regards to gender critical thinking disposition. LSD results showed that seniors‟ scores are significantly higher than the freshman‟s on the Self-confidence subscale scores. LSD analysis showed that academically achievement students have higher critical thinking disposition and critical thinking disposition decreases with the decreasing academic achievement. Analysis showed that more than half of the students learning style have categorized as Assimilator, 29.4 % have categorized as Diverger, 10.5 % have categorized as Converger and 7.5 % have categorized as Accomodator.

  16. Student learning style preferences in college-level biology courses: Implications for teaching and academic performance

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sitton, Jennifer Susan

    Education research has focused on defining and identifying student learning style preferences and how to incorporate this knowledge into teaching practices that are effective in engaging student interest and transmitting information. One objective was determining the learning style preferences of undergraduate students in Biology courses at New Mexico State University by using the online VARK Questionnaire and an investigator developed survey (Self Assessed Learning Style Survey, LSS). Categories include visual, aural, read-write, kinesthetic, and multimodal. The courses differed in VARK single modal learning preferences (p = 0.035) but not in the proportions of the number of modes students preferred (p = 0.18). As elsewhere, the majority of students were multimodal. There were similarities and differences between LSS and VARK results and between students planning on attending medical school and those not. Preferences and modalities tended not to match as expected for ratings of helpfulness of images and text. To detect relationships between VARK preferred learning style and academic performance, ANOVAs were performed using modality preferences and normalized learning gains from pre and post tests over material taught in the different modalities, as well as on end of semester laboratory and lecture grades. Overall, preference did not affect the performance for a given modality based activity, quiz, or final lecture or laboratory grades (p > 0.05). This suggests that a student's preference does not predict an improved performance when supplied with material in that modality. It is recommended that methods be developed to aid learning in a variety of modalities, rather than catering to individual learning styles. Another topic that is heavily debated in the field of education is the use of simulations or videos to replace or supplement dissections. These activities were compared using normalized learning gains from pre and post tests, as well as attitude surveys

  17. Danes - The keen bargain hunters

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Jensen, Birger Boutrup

    2008-01-01

    New research proves that Danes are keen bargain hunters, and that they do specific price checks before selecting a product.......New research proves that Danes are keen bargain hunters, and that they do specific price checks before selecting a product....

  18. DM-style program caters to behavioral needs of college students.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2004-05-01

    Modeled after traditional employee assistance programs, a new program offered by CIGNA Behavioural Health is designed to meet the needs of college students, many of whom are vulnerable to emotional disorders as they grapple with independence and the rigors of campus life for the first time. Conditions such as depression, anxiety, and substance abuse are on the rise in college-age individuals, and developers of the new approach suggest that early intervention can get such problems under control before they reach the crisis stage.

  19. 大学生应对方式的影响因素及其与心理健康关系的研究进展%Research progress on the influencing factor of college students’ coping style and the relationship between mental health and college students’ coping style

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王斐然; 高树刚; 叶红; 周紫哲; 吴世瑾

    2013-01-01

      通过对国内有关大学生应对方式的影响因素及大学生应对方式对心理健康影响的大量研究进行的综述,分析了大学生应对方式与性别、年龄、学科类别、城乡来源、教养方式、人格特征的关系,以及应对方式对大学生心理健康的影响。%Through the summarization of massive internal study about the influencing factor of college students’ coping style and the relationship between mental health and college students’ coping style, the relationship between college students’ coping style and the influencing factor as sexual distinction, age, subject, hometown, parental care style, personality, as well as the effects of coping styles on mental health of college students were analyzed.

  20. Acculturation Style and Alcohol Use among African American College Students: An Exploration of Potential Moderators

    Science.gov (United States)

    Abdullah, Tahirah; Brown, Tamara L.

    2012-01-01

    This study examined whether a relationship exists between acculturation and alcohol use among African American college students and if the relationship varies by religiosity and gender. Most researchers use unidimensional African American acculturation measures that cannot capture the construct's complexity; this study is the first to use a…

  1. Political Discontent and Participatory Styles: A Exploratory Study of College Youths.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Craig, Stephen C.

    1984-01-01

    To examine the relationship between political discontent and political behavior, questionnaires were administered to 1500 college students. Such a relationship was found to be complex and multi-dimensional. Feelings of efficacy, for example, play a crucial role. Moreover, the mobilization of political discontent can take a variety of forms.…

  2. What Are the Learning Styles of Community College Accounting Teachers and Students?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Engel, A. M.

    2015-01-01

    The first year accounting college course is considered a gatekeeper course. If a student fails this course, it could affect their entire degree program (Duchac & Amoruso, 2012). In addition, it might preclude them from employment opportunities in the accounting profession (Pratt, 2013; Bureau of Labor Statistics, U.S. Department of Labor,…

  3. Acculturation Style and Alcohol Use among African American College Students: An Exploration of Potential Moderators

    Science.gov (United States)

    Abdullah, Tahirah; Brown, Tamara L.

    2012-01-01

    This study examined whether a relationship exists between acculturation and alcohol use among African American college students and if the relationship varies by religiosity and gender. Most researchers use unidimensional African American acculturation measures that cannot capture the construct's complexity; this study is the first to use a…

  4. Instructional Strategies for Online Introductory College Physics Based on Learning Styles

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ekwue, Eleazer U.

    2013-01-01

    The practical nature of physics and its reliance on mathematical presentations and problem solving pose a challenge toward presentation of the course in an online environment for effective learning experience. Most first-time introductory college physics students fail to grasp the basic concepts of the course and the problem solving skills if the…

  5. Leadership Styles of College and University Athletic Directors and the Presence of NCAA Transgender Policy

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bowden, Randall; McCauley, Kayleigh

    2016-01-01

    In September 2011, the National Collegiate Athletic Association (NCAA) announced the "Policy on Transgender Inclusion." It provides guidelines for transgender student athletes to participate in sex-separated athletic teams according to their gender identity. The "2012 LGBTQ National College Athlete Report," the first of its…

  6. The night of the hunter: children & adults in the secret

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Terry caesar

    2010-04-01

    Full Text Available style="font-size: 10pt; font-family: Arial;">Night of the Hunterstyle="font-size: 10pt; font-family: Arial;"> is  the 1956 Charles Laughton’s film considered  one of the best discussions about childhood. In this film, the story revolves around the fate of John and Pearl, two orphaned siblings whose father was hanged for stealing. The father had given the children the money, and they hid the money inside the girl’s doll. When the Preacher Powell enters their lives , both John and Pearl are in danger. The siblings have to keep a secret which is both where they put the money, and the fact that, for children, money is simply paper.

  7. Analysis of college students' online life-styles and their psychological profiles in South Korea.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lee, Sujin

    2010-12-01

    This study examines the relationships between the online life-styles of South Korean students as Internet users and Internet use, their tendency toward Internet addiction, and the level of cyber ethics. A sample of 324 students, aged between 18 and 23 years, from a medium-sized university in South Korea was asked to complete a survey. They were categorized into three groups depending on their online life-styles: a Social group (SG), an Individual group (IG), and a Loner group (LG). In the following analyses, no group difference was found in hours of Internet use on either weekdays or weekends, but the SG reported higher engagement in interaction-oriented activities (e.g. blogging, games, and instant messenger services) than the LG. As for tendency toward Internet addiction, all three groups belonged to the first phase of the "at-risk" classification in Korea. Interestingly, the IG characteristics of sensation seeking and independence reported the lowest scores in cyber ethics, while the LG characteristics of apathetic attitude toward the Internet reported the highest scores in cyber ethics. This preliminary study showed that Internet users impose different meanings and values on their Internet experiences, which contribute to their use of Internet services, their tendency toward Internet addiction, and their level of cyber ethics.

  8. A Brief Discussion on Learning Style Construction in Pri-vate Higher Vocational Colleges%浅谈民办高职院校学风建设

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    顾小移

    2014-01-01

    The quality of learning style construction in higher vo-cational colleges is not only directly related to the survival and development of private colleges, but also related to higher voca-tional college students' vital interests. Combined with the current situation of private higher vocational colleges at the present stage, in view of the problems in learning style construction, the writer proposed personal views, hoping to find out more effective meth-ods and measures for enhancing learning style construction.%高职院校的学风建设的好坏不仅直接关系着民办高校自身的生存和发展,更是一件关系着高职院校学生切身利益的大事情。本文结合现阶段民办高职院校的校情,针对学风建设中存在的问题,提出自己的观点和看法,以期找到加强学风建设更有效的方法和措施。

  9. Teachers' modeling advantage and their modeling effects on college students' learning styles and occupational stereotypes: a case of collaborative teaching in technical courses.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Chiou, Wen-Bin; Yang, Chao-Chin

    2006-01-01

    In this study, modeling advantage that depicts the likelihood of a teacher model being imitated by students over other competing models in a particular class was developed to differentiate the rival modeling of two kinds of teachers (the technical teachers vs. the lecturing teachers) between college students' learning styles and occupational stereotypes in the collaborative teaching of technical courses. Results of a one-semester longitudinal study indicated that the students perceived a greater modeling advantage of the technical teachers than that of the lecturing teachers. Both the students' learning styles and occupational stereotypes were in accordance with those teachers as their role models. In general, the impact of the teachers' learning styles and occupational stereotypes on students appeared to be mediated by the teachers' modeling advantage. Administrators and curriculum designers should pay attention to the fact that the technical teachers appeared to exhibit greater modeling effects than the lecturing teachers in collaborative teaching.

  10. A Survey on Foreign Language Learning Style among Freshmenin Vocational College%高职新生外语学习风格调查分析

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    申鑫

    2012-01-01

    本研究通过问卷形式,对155名高职新生的感知学习风格进行调查,以了解学生外语学习风格总体倾向,不同民族、性别、专业及外语学习年限不同学生学习风格的差异,并分析其学习风格与外语学习成绩间的相关性。此研究目的是帮助高职外语教师了解学生感知学习风格偏好,使教师在教学过程中因材施教并指导学生重塑外语学习风格,以便提高高职学生外语学习效率。%This study probes into the perceptional learning style preference of the freshmen in Xinjiang Education Institute. 155 vocational college students were investigated through a questionnaire, with the purpose of exploring their foreign language learning style preference and the learning style differences among nationality groups, sex groups and groups of lon- ger-shorter learning time for foreign language, and analyzing the correlation between their learning style and foreign lan- guage achievement. Based on the investigation results, the paper recommends the foreign language teachers in vocational college teach students in accordance with their learning style and help students remold their learning style to improve their foreign language learning efficiency.

  11. 独立学院学生心理危机源及应对方式研究%Independent College Students Psychological Crisis Stressors and Coping Style

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王帅; 赵志阳

    2011-01-01

    运用心理危机源量表和心理危机应对方式量表对大连理工大学城市学院学生进行抽样调查。分析了各因素对独立学院学生心理危机源强度和应对方式水平的影响,并对心理危机源强度和应对方式水平进行了相关性检验。对独立学院大学生心理危机源与应对方式提出了较有应用价值的建议。%The students of City Institute of Dalian University of Technology are sampled by using Psychological Crisis Stressors and Coping Style scales. The independent college students'psychological crisis stressors and coping style under every factor influence are analyzed, and correlation analysis is made on psychological crisis stressors and coping style. Some valuable suggestions are proposed for independent college students'psychological crisis stressors and coping style.

  12. Paranormal belief and attributional style.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Dudley, R T; Whisnand, E A

    2000-06-01

    52 college students completed Tobacyk's 1988 Revised Paranormal Belief Scale and Peterson, Semmel, von Baeyer, Abramson, Metalsky, and Seligman's 1982 Attributional Style Questionnaire. Analysis showed significantly higher depressive attributional styles among high scorers on paranormal phenomena than low scorers.

  13. 高校学风建设现状分析及对策%Status Quo and Countermeasures on Construction of College Students’ Style of Study

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    黄英燕; 黄慧明

    2011-01-01

    College students' style of study is a long-term work, which is also the focus of student work. This article points out college students' style of study, and analyzes the problem of college students' style of study. Propose the fine solution from all angles, such as teaching management for freshman, basic education management rule and regulation improvement, strengthening teachers' management, and campus activities.%高校学风建设是一项长期工作,也是学生工作的重点.本文指出了高校学风建设的现状,并对学风建设存在的问题进行了分析.从新生入学教学管理、基础教学管理、健全规章制度、加强教师管理、开展校园活动等角度提出高校优良学风建设的对策.

  14. The Influence of Gender Differences on Language Learning Styles

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    苟萍

    2009-01-01

    Generally language learning styles are classified as sensory style and cognitive style. This thesis analyzes the different characteristics of male and female college students in their language learning styles, thus put forwards the strategy of teaching through individuality.

  15. The hunter a scientific novel

    CERN Document Server

    Genta, Giancarlo

    2013-01-01

    The 24th century: humankind has become a spacefaring civilization, colonizing the solar system and beyond. While no alien forms of life have yet been encountered in this expansion into space, colonists suddenly encounter machines of alien origin - huge robots able to reproduce themselves.  Called replicators by the colonists, they seem to have but a single goal: to destroy all organic life they come in contact with. Since the colonial governments have no means to fight this menace directly, they instead promise huge rewards to whoever destroys a replicator. As a result, the frontier attracts a new kind of adventurers, the Hunters, who work to find and destroy the replicators. Mike Edwards, a skilled young maintenance technician and robotics expert at a faraway outpost, will not only become one of them - but be the very first one to unlock the secret behind the replicators’ origin and mission.   The scientific and technical aspects underlying the plot - in particular space travel, robotics and self-replica...

  16. Problems and Countermeasures of Private College Teaching Style Construction%民办高校教风建设存在的问题及对策

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王卫霞

    2014-01-01

    Teaching style is a key factor affecting a school education, quality of teaching, the school is the source of survival and sustainable development, good teaching style to form a good style of study;school spirit has an irreplaceable role. This paper analyzes the current situation of private college teaching style and the reasons put forward ideas and measures to strengthen the teachers themselves, to strengthen quality control and enhanced management, and strengthen the teaching style building.%教风是影响一所学校教育、教学质量的关键因素,是学校生存和可持续发展的动力之源,良好的教风对形成良好学风、校风具有不可替代的作用。本文通过分析我国民办高校教风现状及其原因,提出了加强教师自身建设、加强质量监控和强化教学管理等加强教风建设的思路和对策。

  17. 养育方式与大学生情绪智力、应对方式的相关研究%Parents'Rearing Styles and College Students'Emotional Intelligence and Dealing Style

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    付梅; 葛明贵

    2016-01-01

    目的:探讨父母养育方式与大学生情绪智力、应对方式的关系。方法:采用父母养育方式量表、波士顿情绪智力问卷和应对方式问卷对890名大学生进行调查。结果:(1)性别在父母养育方式上没有差异,是否独生、生源地和年级在父母养育方式不同因子上存在差异;(2)是否独生子女、生源地在情绪智力的各因子上不存在差异;性别、年级分别在情绪智力的自我激励、人际情商上有差异;(3)性别和年级、是否独生和生源地分别在应对方式、求助、幻想、自责因子上存在差异;(4)父母养育方式与情绪智力、应对方式不同因子上存在不同程度的相关。结论:父母养育方式与大学生情绪智力、应对方式存在显著的相关,父母养育方式越积极,大学生的情绪智力越高,应对方式更积极。%Object:To study the relationship among parental rearing styles,emotional intelligence and dealing style for col-lege students.Methods:890 college students were measured by using EMBU,Boston EI Questionnaire and coping style scale.Results:(1)In the parental rearing styles score,there is no gender difference,but there existed significantly differ-ence on the children from single child family and children having siblings,the students coming from city and those from village and town,different grades;(2)There is no difference on the children from single child family and children having siblings,the students coming from city and those from village and town on the emotional intelligence,but there existed gender and grade difference on the emotional intelligence such as self motivation and relationship management,respective-ly;(3)There significantly existed difference on gender and grade,the children from single child family and children having siblings,the students coming from city and those from village and town on the dealing styles such as help-seeking,fantasy and self

  18. Hydrology of Hunters Lake, Hernando County, Florida

    Science.gov (United States)

    Henderson, S.E.

    1986-01-01

    The size and shape of Hunters Lake, Florida has been significantly altered by development of the surrounding Spring Hill residential community. The lake is the largest in Hernando County, enlarged by lakeshore excavation and connection to nearby ponds to an area of 360 acres at an average stage of 17.2 ft above sea level. Hunters Lake is naturally a closed lake, but development of Spring Hill has resulted in a surface water outflow from the lake in its southwest corner. Inflow to the lake could occur on the east side during extreme high-water periods. The karst terrain of the Hunters Lake area is internally drained through permeable soils, depressions, and sinkholes, and natural surface drainage is absent. The underlying Floridan aquifer system is unconfined except locally near coastal springs. Flow in the groundwater system is to the west regionally and to the southwest in the immediate area of Hunters Lake. Water level gradients in the groundwater system increase from 1.4 ft/mi east of the lake to about 8 ft/mi southwest of the lake. Hunters Lake is hydraulically connected to the groundwater system, receiving groundwater on the northeast side and losing water to the groundwater system on the southwest side. This close relationship with the groundwater system is demonstrated by graphical and numerical comparison of Hunters Lake stage with water levels in nearby groundwater sites. During 1965-84, the stage of Hunters Lake fluctuated between 12.48 and 20.7 ft above sea level. Because area lakes are all directly affected by groundwater levels, they also show a close relationship with water levels in Hunters Lake. Analysis of water quality data for Hunters Lake indicates that the water of the lake is a soft calcium bicarbonate type with ionic concentrations higher than in water from nearby shallow wells and lower than in water from the Upper Floridan aquifer. Samples collected in 1981-1983 indicate slightly higher levels of ionic concentration than in 1965

  19. 非英语专业学生学习风格喜好研究%A Study on Non-English Major College Students' Learning Style Preferences

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    冯英琪

    2010-01-01

    本文的研究主要包括两个方面内容:非英语专业大学生学习风格倾向和学习风格与语言学习成绩间的关系.学习风格作为学习者自身差异的因素,受到了极大的关注,但是对非英语专业大学生外语学习风格的研究工作较少.本研究采取了Joy Reid的学习风格调查问卷、访谈和标准测试等方法,同时使用SPSS 13.0对数据进行分析.探讨非英语专业学生就6种学习风格的使用喜好,通过了解大学生的学习风格,教师在教学中能把教学风格与学习风格相匹配,提高课堂教学效率,同时教师可针对不同学生的学习风格采取不同的教学方法.%This thesis is to study the learning styles preferences of non-English major students and to study relationship between learning style and academic achievement of foreign language. Learning styles have been acquired great concern as learner's own different factors, but learning styles study on foreign language of non-English major college student is less. This study adopts Joy Reid's Perceptual Learning Styles Preference Survey questionnaire, interviews, and standard test methods, using SPSS 13.0 for data analysis,to look into these six learning styles by analyzing the use preference. Findings of this study suggest that students in the college in question generally showed a variety of style preferences in English learning. Therefore, teaching approaches and methods should be varied to accommodate the diversified learning style preferences

  20. Research on the features of college students’ coping style and the relationship between college students’ coping style and suicide ideation%大学生应对方式的特点及其与自杀意念的关系

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王斐然; 高树刚; 叶红; 周紫哲; 高艳华

    2013-01-01

      目的探讨大学生应对方式的特点及其与自杀意念的关系。方法采用应对方式问卷、症状自评量表和自编一般情况调查表对724名大学生进行测试。结果大学生的应对方式依次为解决问题、求助、幻想、合理化、退避、自责。二年级学生与一、四年级学生相比,更多选择解决问题、求助成熟应对方式,更少使用自责等不成熟应对方式。女生的解决问题、求助成熟应对方式得分高于男生,自责、退避、合理化、幻想等非成熟应对方式得分低于男生。农村来源大学生比城市来源大学生更少选择自责、退避和合理化。专科生与本科生相比,更多地选择求助,较少选择自责、幻想和合理化。对所学专业满意的大学生更多选择解决问题,较少选择自责等不成熟应对方式。认为班里气氛“团结、活跃、愉快”的学生与认为“一般”和“不团结、不活跃、不愉快”的学生相比,更多选择解决问题、求助成熟应对方式,较少选择自责等不成熟应对方式。身体健康良好的学生与身体一般的学生相比,更多选择解决问题、求助成熟应对方式,较少选择自责等不成熟应对方式。但独生子女与非独生子女大学生在选择应对方式上没有差异。有自杀意念的大学生占9.81%。应对方式与自杀意念密切相关,自责对自杀意念有较大的正向预测作用,解决问题对自杀意念有负向预测作用。结论大学生主要选择解决问题、求助成熟应对方式,在年级、性别、生源、学历、专业满意度、班里气氛、身体健康上应对方式各因子得分有差异,应对方式与自杀意念密切相关,应引导其采用解决问题应对方式。%  Objective To investigate the features of college students’ coping style and the relationship between college students’ coping style and suicide ideation. Methods

  1. 大学生孤独感与应对方式的相关研究%Exploring the Loneliness and Coping Style of College Students

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    孟恒芳

    2014-01-01

    Taking 220 college students of Yudong campus of Shanxi Datong University as subjects,using the UCLA loneliness scale and coping style questionnaire,we carry out the test on the four grades and use of SPSS13.0 for data test and correlation analysis. The loneliness of college students is positive correlated with positive coping style; Loneliness in gender proportion of boys are higher than the girls, but there were no significant differences in the grade variables;The girls adopt rational coping style frequently than the boys, and there are some differences in self blame on each grade. In fantasy coping style, there exists significant diversity between high and low grades. We should think highly of the effect of gender difference and grade difference arising on loneliness and other mental ac⁃tivities in psychological counseling of college students. At the same time, we can use the training and guidance of positive coping style to reduce the loneliness of college students.%以山西大同大学御东校区的220名大学生为被试,用UCLA孤独量表和应对方式问卷,对大学四个年级进行测查,运用SPSS13.0进行数据的检验和相关分析。大学生孤独感与积极的应对方式呈正相关;孤独感在性别上男生比例明显高于女生,而在年级变量上无显著差异;在应对方式上,女生更多的采用合理化的应对方式,各个年级在自责应对方式上的得分有一定差异,在幻想应对方式上,高低年级之间均达到一定差异。在大学生心理辅导中应当注意性别差异以及年级差异对孤独感等心理活动所产生的影响,可利用积极应对方式的培训与引导来降低大学生的孤独感。

  2. Motivations of female Black Hills deer hunters

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gigliotti, Larry M.; Covelli Metcalf, Elizabeth

    2016-01-01

    State fish and wildlife agencies are particularly interested in attracting female participation because of the potential to offset declining participation in hunting. Understanding female hunters’ motivations will be critical for designing effective recruitment and retention programs for women hunters. Although female participation in hunting is increasing, males still outnumber females by about tenfold. Gender differences in deer hunters were explored by comparing ratings of eight motivations (social, nature, excitement, meat, challenge, trophy, extra hunting opportunity, and solitude). Hunter types were defined by hunters’ selection of the most important motivation for why they like Black Hills deer hunting. Overall, females and males were relatively similar in their ratings of the eight motivations, and we found 85% gender similarity in the selection of the most important motivation. Women were slightly more motivated by the food aspect of the hunt while men placed slightly more value on the hunt as a sporting activity.

  3. Codependency and Parenting Styles.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Fischer, Judith L.; Crawford, Duane W.

    1992-01-01

    College students (n=175) reported the parenting style of their mother and father and completed a scale assessing their own level of codependency. Parenting style of the father (uninvolved, permissive, authoritarian, or democratic) was related to offspring codependency. Both sons and daughters of authoritarian fathers had higher levels of…

  4. Codependency and Parenting Styles.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Fischer, Judith L.; Crawford, Duane W.

    1992-01-01

    College students (n=175) reported the parenting style of their mother and father and completed a scale assessing their own level of codependency. Parenting style of the father (uninvolved, permissive, authoritarian, or democratic) was related to offspring codependency. Both sons and daughters of authoritarian fathers had higher levels of…

  5. The Influence of Parenting Styles, Achievement Motivation, and Self-Efficacy on Academic Performance in College Students

    Science.gov (United States)

    Turner, Erlanger A.; Chandler, Megan; Heffer, Robert W.

    2009-01-01

    Parenting styles have consistently been shown to relate to various outcomes such as youth psychopathology, behavior problems, and academic performance. Building on the research in the parenting style literature, along with examining components of self-determination theory, the present study examined the relations among authoritative parenting…

  6. The Influence of Parenting Styles, Achievement Motivation, and Self-Efficacy on Academic Performance in College Students

    Science.gov (United States)

    Turner, Erlanger A.; Chandler, Megan; Heffer, Robert W.

    2009-01-01

    Parenting styles have consistently been shown to relate to various outcomes such as youth psychopathology, behavior problems, and academic performance. Building on the research in the parenting style literature, along with examining components of self-determination theory, the present study examined the relations among authoritative parenting…

  7. College Students Attitudes toward Learning Process and Outcome of Online Instruction and Distance Learning across Learning Styles

    Science.gov (United States)

    Nguyen, Dat-Dao; Zhang, Yue

    2011-01-01

    This study uses the Learning-Style Inventory--LSI (Smith & Kolb, 1985) to explore to what extent student attitudes toward learning process and outcome of online instruction and Distance Learning are affected by their cognitive styles and learning behaviors. It finds that there are not much statistically significant differences in perceptions…

  8. The impact of teachers' approaches to teaching and students' learning styles on students' approaches to learning in college online biology courses

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hong, Yuh-Fong

    With the rapid growth of online courses in higher education institutions, research on quality of learning for online courses is needed. However, there is a notable lack of research in the cited literature providing evidence that online distance education promotes the quality of independent learning to which it aspires. Previous studies focused on academic outcomes and technology applications which do not monitor students' learning processes, such as their approaches to learning. Understanding students' learning processes and factors influencing quality of learning will provide valuable information for instructors and institutions in providing quality online courses and programs. The purpose of this study was to identify and investigate college biology teachers' approaches to teaching and students' learning styles, and to examine the impact of approaches to teaching and learning styles on students' approaches to learning via online instruction. Data collection included eighty-seven participants from five online biology courses at a community college in the southern area of Texas. Data analysis showed the following results. First, there were significant differences in approaches to learning among students with different learning styles. Second, there was a significant difference in students' approaches to learning between classes using different approaches to teaching. Three, the impact of learning styles on students' approaches to learning was not influenced by instructors' approaches to teaching. Two conclusions were obtained from the results. First, individuals with the ability to perceive information abstractly might be more likely to adopt deep approaches to learning than those preferring to perceive information through concrete experience in online learning environments. Second, Teaching Approach Inventory might not be suitable to measure approaches to teaching for online biology courses due to online instructional design and technology limitations. Based on

  9. Promoting Interest in Plant Biology with Biographies of Plant Hunters.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Daisey, Peggy

    1996-01-01

    Describes the use of biographical stories to promote student interest in plant biology. Discusses plant hunters of various time periods, including ancient, middle ages, renaissance, colonial Americas, and 18th and 19th centuries; women plant hunters of the 1800s and early 1900s; and modern plant hunters. Discusses classroom strategies for the…

  10. 32 CFR 636.10 - Hunter Army Airfield vehicle registration.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... 32 National Defense 4 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 true Hunter Army Airfield vehicle registration. 636.10... Stewart, Georgia § 636.10 Hunter Army Airfield vehicle registration. Personnel assigned or employed at Hunter Army Airfield are required to register their privately owned vehicles within five days...

  11. Native grasses for rehabilitating Hunter Valley minesites

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Huxtable, C. [NSW Department of Land and Water Conservation, NSW (Australia)

    1998-04-01

    Introduced plant species, particularly grasses, have long been used to rehabilitate mined land in Australia. Interest in using native species spawned a research project in the Hunter Valley which has demonstrated the suitability of certain native species for rehabilitation and put forward guidelines to enhance the chance of their successful establishment. 4 photos., 1 tab.

  12. Hunters Try to Capture Their Past

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    China Daily

    2012-01-01

    Mo Guizhen was 5 when she saw a real bed for the first time.She refused to sleep on it,accustomed as she was to deer furs laid on the ground of hunters' huts in the depths of the Greater Hinggan Mountains in northeastern China.

  13. Hunters syndrom og hørenedsaettelse

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Kiaer, Eva Kirkegaard; Møller, Troels Reinholdt; Wetke, Randi

    2010-01-01

    functions and language were delayed, and he made audible respiratory sounds and was obviously nasally congested. The boy was referred for further investigations at the Department of Paediatrics. The tests showed that the boy suffered from Hunter Syndrome (MPSII) and he underwent relevant treatment....

  14. Effects of a Centered Virtual Teaching Environment on Learning Styles in the Academic Performance of College Students

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    H. Fontalvo

    2009-03-01

    Full Text Available Based on the concept of adaptive hypermedia, the webCT platform was used to design a learning virtual environment that would allow students’ interaction of different support materials with their usual styles of learning. GA Latin Square design was used to determine the role that environment and learning styles, along with intrinsic motivation, played on academic performance, navigation patterns, and number of visits to the support materials. The study showed an important difference in academic performance in favor of the Balanced group. Intrinsic motivation was the main explicative factor for the differences found beyond learning styles. The conclusion was that there are differences in the way of using the objects of learning, and that there are differentiated patterns to access the support material, depending on the students’ learning styles.

  15. Investigation on the Life Style of College Students Due to yin Deficiency%阴虚质大学生生活方式调查研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    刘雪凯; 张国艳

    2016-01-01

    运用问卷调查法,对阴虚质大学生生活方式进行调查:阴虚质大学生睡眠时间比较少,睡眠质不佳,饮食不规律、运动量偏少,精神压力较大;不同性别阴虚质大学生在吸烟支数方面具有明显差异。依据阴虚质大学生生活方式调查提出建议:从大学生中医体质出发,倡导文明的生活方式,改善自己的不良生活行为。%By using the method of questionnaire investigation, yin deficiency of the life style of college students were in-vestigated: Yin deficiency students sleep time is relatively small, poor sleep quality, too few irregular diet, exercise, stress larger; different gender Yin deficiency of college students in smoking count mask have obvious difference. According to the lifestyle of college students quality survey suggested:starting from the deficiency of college students of Chinese constitution, advocate a civilized way of life, improve their life behavior.

  16. Role of stressful life events, avoidant coping styles, and neuroticism in online game addiction among college students: a moderated mediation model

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Li Huanhuan

    2016-11-01

    Full Text Available Online game addiction (OGA is becoming a significant problem worldwide. The aim of this study was to explore the incidence of OGA and the roles of stressful life events, avoidant coping styles (ACSs, and neuroticism in OGA. A total of 651 Chinese college students were selected by random cluster sampling. Subjects completed the Chinese version of Young’s eight-item Internet Addiction Scale (CIAS, Online Game Cognition Addiction Scale (OGCAS, Revised Eysenck Personality Questionnaire Short Scale in Chinese (EPQ-RSC, Chinese College-student Stress Questionnaire (CCSQ, and Coping Style Questionnaire (CSQ. Structural equation modeling (SEM was used to explore the interactive effects of stressful life events, ACSs, and neuroticism on OGA. Of the 651 participants in the sample, 31 (4.8% were identified as addicts. The incidence of OGA was two times higher for males than females. The addicts had markedly higher scores on the neuroticism subscale of the EPQ-RSC than non-addicts. Compared to non-addicts, addicts were more apt to use ACSs. Having an avoidant coping strategy mediated the effect of stressful life events on OGA. Furthermore, neuroticism moderated the indirect effect of stressful life events on OGA via ACSs. Applications of these findings to etiological research and clinical treatment programs are discussed.

  17. Role of Stressful Life Events, Avoidant Coping Styles, and Neuroticism in Online Game Addiction among College Students: A Moderated Mediation Model

    Science.gov (United States)

    Li, Huanhuan; Zou, Yingmin; Wang, Jiaqi; Yang, Xuelin

    2016-01-01

    Online game addiction (OGA) is becoming a significant problem worldwide. The aim of this study was to explore the incidence of OGA and the roles of stressful life events, avoidant coping styles (ACSs), and neuroticism in OGA. A total of 651 Chinese college students were selected by random cluster sampling. Subjects completed the Chinese version of Young’s eight-item Internet Addiction Scale (CIAS), Online Game Cognition Addiction Scale (OGCAS), Revised Eysenck Personality Questionnaire Short Scale in Chinese (EPQ-RSC), Chinese College-student Stress Questionnaire, and Coping Style Questionnaire. Structural equation modeling (SEM) was used to explore the interactive effects of stressful life events, ACSs, and neuroticism on OGA. Of the 651 participants in the sample, 31 (4.8%) were identified as addicts. The incidence of OGA was two times higher for males than females. The addicts had markedly higher scores on the neuroticism subscale of the EPQ-RSC than non-addicts. Compared to non-addicts, addicts were more apt to use ACSs. Having an avoidant coping strategy mediated the effect of stressful life events on OGA. Furthermore, neuroticism moderated the indirect effect of stressful life events on OGA via ACSs. Applications of these findings to etiological research and clinical treatment programs are discussed. PMID:27920734

  18. Coping style and psychological adaptation of college students%大学生的应付方式与其心理适应性

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张宏宇; 魏文风

    2007-01-01

    而作为无效问卷,其余343名学生数据进入结果分析.①因素分析显示大学生应对方式的类型主要为F1(寻求支持)、F2(积极思维)、F3(认知升华)、F4(消极自责)、F5(面对现实)、F6(转移逃避)、F7(情绪宣泄),聚类分析应对方式的类型主要为A类(主动面对型),B类(被动退避型),C类(消极宣泄型).②适应水平较高的受试者更多的运用A类方式,适应差的学生较多使用B、C类方式,C类应付在学生群体中的使用频率较低.A类方式与身心症状的检出率呈显著负相关(r=-0.258,P<0.01),与适应性水平呈显著正相关(r=0.467,P<0.01);B类方式和C类方式与身心症状检出率都呈显著正相关(r=0.338,0.364,P<0.01),B类与心理适应性有较显著的负相关(r=-0.140,P<0.05),C类只与长期的心理适应性的关系不显著.A类与C类具有各自的独立性.不同程度应激水平与3类应付方式也有显著关系,高应激与较少的使用A类方式有关,而与较多的使用B类、C类有关.结论:应付方式具有复杂性,不同应对方式的使用与心理适应性水平有显著相关,但影响的方向也因个体特点、结果变量指标、应激程度大小等因素有所不同.%BACKGROUND: At present, it is affirmed that coping style is the important mediator between stress and health both on mental and body. The coping theory is descripted as three orientations: trait view, contextual view and interaction person-environment view. The conception and classification of the coping styles still remains to be explored. OBJECTIVE: To probe into the dimensions of coping styles, the characteristics of different coping styles and the correlation between coping styles and psychological adaptation among college students.DESTGN: Questionnaire investigation.SETTING: School of Psychology, Beijing Normal University.PARTICIPANTS: Altogether 343 college students were randomly chosen from Tianjin University, Tianjin University of Commerce, Tianjin Normal University

  19. The effects of harvest regulations on behaviors of duck hunters

    Science.gov (United States)

    Haugen, Matthew T.; Powell, Larkin A.; Vrtiska, Mark P.; Pope, Kevin L.

    2015-01-01

    Uncertainty exists as to how duck harvest regulations influence waterfowl hunter behavior. We used the U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service’s Parts Collection Survey to examine how harvest regulations affected behaviors of Central Flyway duck hunters. We stratified hunters into ranked groups based on seasonal harvest and identified three periods (1975–1984, 1988–1993, 2002–2011) that represented different harvest regulations (moderate, restrictive, and liberal, respectively; season length and daily bag limits smallest in restrictive seasons and largest in liberal seasons). We examined variability of seven measures of duck hunter behaviors across the periods: days harvesting ducks, daily harvest, hunter mobility, mallard (Anas platyrhynchos) selectivity, gender selectivity, daily female mallard harvest, and timing of harvest. Hunters reported harvesting ducks on more days, at a higher efficiency, and in slightly more counties during liberal seasons relative to restrictive and moderate seasons. We provide evidence to suggest that future regulation change will affect hunter behaviors.

  20. Comparison of social support, coping style and life satisfaction between higher vocational and undergraduate college students%高职与本科学生社会支持应对方式生活满意度比较

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    程红; 孟秀红

    2012-01-01

    目的 了解高职与本科院校学生社会支持、应对方式和生活满意度的差异,为探讨学生社会支持、应对方式和生活满意度之间的关系提供参考依据.方法 使用领悟社会支持量表、特质应对方式问卷和多维学生生活满意度量表,对随机抽取的阜阳市高职、“2+3”五年制高职和本科院校各500名学生进行问卷调查.结果 高职学生和本科学生的社会支持和积极应对得分高于“2+3”五年制高职学生,本科学生的消极应对方式得分高于高职和“2+3”五年制高职学生,高职学生的生活满意度得分高于“2+3”五年制高职和本科学生,差异均有统计学意义(P值均<0.05).社会支持和积极应对方式与生活满意度存在显著正相关;消极应对方式与生活满意度呈负相关;积极应对方式与社会支持呈正相关,而消极应对方式与社会支持呈负相关.结论 高职与本科院校学生生活满意度存在差异,良好的社会支持和积极的应对方式有助于提升学生的生活满意度.%Objective To investigate whether differences exist in social support, coping style and life satisfaction among the students in different colleges, and to explore the relationships between social support, coping style and life satisfaction. Methods Five hundred students of each college ( Higher vocational, Five-year Higher vocational and undergraduate college) were randomly obtained by means of Perceived Social Support Scale ( PSSS) , Trait Coping Style Questionnaire (TCSQ) and Multidimensional Student' Life Satisfaction scale ( MSLSS). Results The social support and positive coping style of higher vocational and undergraduate college students was significantly higher than that of five-year higher vocational college students. The negative coping style of undergraduate college students was significantly higher than that of higher vocational and five-year higher vocational college students. The life

  1. Relationship between sexual attitudes and parental rearing styles among college students%大学生性态度与父母教养方式关系

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    赵科; 高长松; 尹可丽

    2011-01-01

    Objective To explore the characteristics of college students' sexual attitudes and the relationship between parental rearing styles and college students' sexual attitudes. Methods A survey was conducted among 455 college students in Yunnan with a self-designed sexual attitudes scale for college student and Egma Minnen av Bardndosnauppforstran. Results The male students showed higher scores than those of the female for open tendency (3.41 ± 0. 87 vs 2.72 ±0.71), emotional tendency(3.16 ±0.95 vs 2. 83 ±0.93),and requirement tendecny(3. 84 ±0.84 vs 3.59 ±0.83) (P0. 05) ,but influenced by their mothers' education. Father and mother's rearing styles had a predictive effect on college students' sexual attitude. Conclusion Parental rearing styles influence the formation and development of sexual attitude among college students.%目的 了解大学生性态度特点,探讨父母教养方式与大学生性态度关系.方法 采用具有较高信度、效度的自编大学生性态度问卷和父母教养方式评价量表(EMBU)对云南省某高校455名在校大学生进行测查.结果 男生性态度开放倾向、情感倾向和需求倾向维度得分分别为(3.41 ±0.87)、(3.16±0.95)、(3.84±0.84)分,明显高于女生的(2.72±0.71)、(2.83±0.94)、(3.59±0.83)分,而回避倾向维度女生得分为(2.76±0.67)分,明显高于男生的(2.37±0.83)分,性别差异有统计学意义(均P<0.01);开放倾向得分大一和大二年级分别为(2.77±0.75)、(3.12±0.87)分,差异有统计学意义(P<0.001);城乡、不同专业、父母职业、父亲文化程度对大学生性态度无明显影响(均P >0.05),母亲文化程度对大学生性态度有明显影响;父亲和母亲教养方式对大学生性态度具有正向预测作用.结论 父亲、母亲教养方式影响大学生性态度的形成与发展.

  2. Looking at the Camp: Paleolithic Depiction of a Hunter-Gatherer Campsite.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Marcos García-Diez

    Full Text Available Landscapes and features of the everyday world were scarcely represented in Paleolithic art, especially those features associated with the human landscape (huts and campsites. On the contrary, other figurative motifs (especially animals and signs, traditionally linked to the magic or religious conceptions of these hunter-gatherer societies, are the predominant themes of Upper Paleolithic art. This paper seeks to present an engraved schist slab recently found in the Molí del Salt site (North-eastern Iberia and dated at the end of the Upper Paleolithic, ca. 13,800 years ago. This slab displays seven semicircular motifs that may be interpreted as the representation of dome-shaped huts. The analysis of individual motifs and the composition, as well as the ethnographic and archeological contextualization, suggests that this engraving is a naturalistic depiction of a hunter-gatherer campsite. Campsites can be considered the first human landscape, the first area of land whose visible features were entirely constructed by humans. Given the social meaning of campsites in hunter-gatherer life-styles, this engraving may be considered one of the first representations of the domestic and social space of a human group.

  3. Looking at the Camp: Paleolithic Depiction of a Hunter-Gatherer Campsite.

    Science.gov (United States)

    García-Diez, Marcos; Vaquero, Manuel

    2015-01-01

    Landscapes and features of the everyday world were scarcely represented in Paleolithic art, especially those features associated with the human landscape (huts and campsites). On the contrary, other figurative motifs (especially animals) and signs, traditionally linked to the magic or religious conceptions of these hunter-gatherer societies, are the predominant themes of Upper Paleolithic art. This paper seeks to present an engraved schist slab recently found in the Molí del Salt site (North-eastern Iberia) and dated at the end of the Upper Paleolithic, ca. 13,800 years ago. This slab displays seven semicircular motifs that may be interpreted as the representation of dome-shaped huts. The analysis of individual motifs and the composition, as well as the ethnographic and archeological contextualization, suggests that this engraving is a naturalistic depiction of a hunter-gatherer campsite. Campsites can be considered the first human landscape, the first area of land whose visible features were entirely constructed by humans. Given the social meaning of campsites in hunter-gatherer life-styles, this engraving may be considered one of the first representations of the domestic and social space of a human group.

  4. Correlation between Type D Personality and Coping Style for College Students%大学生D型人格与应对方式的相关性

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李岗; 常向东; 薛玲; 刘琳

    2016-01-01

    Objective:To explore correlation between type D personality and coping style for college students.Meth-ods:Total 397 college students were sampled stratified randomly and finished Type D Scale- 14 and Trait Coping Style Questionnaire.The data were analyzed by SPSS 1 7.0.Results:①The detection rate of type D personality among the college students was 32.75%,in which the rate in males was 1 6.62%and the rate in females was 1 6.12%(P >0.05).The highest detection rate of type D personality among the third grade college students was 10.08% (χ2 =21.528,P 0.05)。大三学生 D 型人格检出率最高为10.08%,差异有统计学意义(χ2=21.528,P <0.001);②大学生 D 型人格组的积极应对分数明显低于非 D 型人格组,差异有统计学意义(t =-7.442,P <0.001),大学生 D 型人格组的消极应对分数明显高于非 D 型人格组,差异有统计学意义(t =9.163,P <0.001);③Pearson 相关分析显示,大学生 D 型人格的负性情感(NA)因子与积极应对呈负相关(r =-0.400,P <0.01),与消极应对呈正相关(r =0.551,P <0.01);社交抑制(SI)因子与积极应对间呈负相关(r =-0.419,P <0.01),与消极应对呈正相关(r =0.454,P <0.01)。结论:D 型人格的大学生更容易采用消极应对方式。

  5. Wildlife value orientations among hunters, landowners and the general public

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Gamborg, Christian; Jensen, Frank Søndergaard

    2016-01-01

    . Significant differences in wildlife value orientations were found. Mutualists and distanced dominated in the public; most landowners and hunters were utilitarian followed by pluralist. Male hunters were more utilitarian than female. More active hunters were more utilitarian; hunters belonging to a hunting...... association were more utilitarian than those who did not belong to associations. Full-time farmers were more utilitarian than part-time farmers, and conventional farmers were more utilitarian than organic farmers. No significant difference with regard to residence for all three groups was found. Future...

  6. Leadership Styles.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mazzarella, Jo Ann; Smith, Stuart C.

    Chapter 2 of a revised volume on school leadership, this chapter reviews theories of leadership style--the way a leader leads. Although most experts agree that leadership style is important, they disagree concerning style components, leaders' capabilities for changing styles, the effects of personality traits on style, and the desirability of…

  7. The overview of research on college students' coping styles and parental rearing patterns, social support%大学生应对方式与父母养育方式、社会支持研究综述

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    潘芳芳; 俞爱月

    2012-01-01

    OBJECTIVE To understand of domestic and foreign scholars' research on the coping style of college students and its affecting factors, to provide a theoretical basis for college students' mental health and psychological intervention. METHODS Consulted the related literatures, summenzed the domestic and foreign scholars' researches on the college students' coping styles, parental rearing patterns, social support RESULTS Domestic and foreign scholars' researches on the coping style of college students were mature. The concepts were clear, measurement tools were authoritative. There were some researches about college students' parental rearing patterns, social support of college students, but the correlation researches of the three were very few. CONCLUSION The correlation of university students' coping style and parental rearing patterns, social support is essential to be studied deeply.%目的 了解国内外学者对大学生应对方式及其影响因素关系研究情况,为大学生心理健康及心理干预提供理论依据.方法 查阅相关文献,对国内外学者对大学生应对方式、父母养育方式、社会支持等相关研究进行综述.结果 国内外学者对大学生应对方式研究比较成熟,概念明确,测量工具比较权威,对大学生父母养育方式、大学生社会支持也有一定的研究,但是对三者相关性研究开展的非常少.结论 可以对大学生应对方式及父母养育方式、社会支持相关性做进一步研究.

  8. 当代大学生的人格缺陷对教育方式的挑战及其对策%On the Negative Role of Contemporary College Students' Personality Defects in Education Styles and the Counter-measures

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    聂沉香

    2013-01-01

    With the expansion of college enrollment and the de-velopment of market economy, college students' personality-re-lated problems are more and more prominent, especially among special groups of college students. This paper analyzes the major personality defects of contemporary college students and their negative role in education styles, and explores effective ap-proaches of shaping college students' healthy personality.%随着大学的扩招和市场经济的发展,高校大学生的人格问题日益突出,在大学生特殊群体中尤为明显。本文分析了当代大学生人格缺陷的表现及其对当前大学教育方式的挑战,探讨了塑造大学生健全人格的有效途径。

  9. Impact of the "Internet+" on College Students' Learning Style%“互联网+”对大学生学习方式的影响

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    刘伯健; 刘仲康

    2016-01-01

    The"Internet+"environment has great impacts on col-lege students' learning style. Online learning helped to develop student's autonomous learning habit and self-taught ability, to grasp and use high-tech learning tools as well as to encourage students to cooperate and share more in the study. Meanwhile, online learning has some negative impacts. College students should strengthen self-discipline and screening ability, so as to reduce and control the adverse impacts of the Internet.%当前的“互联网+”环境对大学生学习方式产生了深刻影响,文章认为,网络学习有助于学生自主学习习惯的养成和自学能力的提高;能够帮助学生掌握和利用高科技学习工具;促使学生在学习中更多地合作和共享;快餐式、碎片式学习成为系统化学习方式的重要补充。同时,网络学习也有其负面作用,需要学生加强自律和甄别,减少和控制互联网对学生学习的不利影响。

  10. 团队意识对大学生班级学风建设的影响%Influence of Team Consciousness on College Students’ Class Construction of Learning Style

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    蓝茂锋

    2016-01-01

    团队意识的培养对大学生班级学风建设起到积极的促进作用,成为高校学风建设的助推器,为构建和谐校园提供了保证。90后大学生团队意识薄弱体现在两个方面:班级凝聚力不强和同学间交流不够。加强大学生团队意识的培养可从加强团队活动开展、加强班级民主管理、加强传统美德教育等四个方面来开展,以促进班级学风建设。%The cultivation of team consciousness has a positive effect on college students' class construction of learning style, which has become a booster of the university study style construction, and gives a security for constructing harmonious campus. This paper tells the current situation of college students' team consciousness and the influence of team consciousness on the construction of college students' learning style, and puts forward how to strengthen the training of team consciousness to promote the construction of the class construction of learning style.

  11. Effects of Learning-Style Responsive versus Traditional Staff Development on Community College Professors' Attitudes toward Alternative Instructional Strategies

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hart, Christina T.; Dunn, Rita

    2008-01-01

    How does one know whether traditional or innovative staff development is working? This study compared the effects of professors' attitudes toward learning through traditional staff development versus alternative instructional strategies for teaching community college students. Eight-four professors participated in this study. The average…

  12. Impacts of a Faculty Abroad Experience on Teaching Style and Technology Use in a College of Agriculture and Life Sciences

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sandlin, M'Randa R.; Murphrey, Theresa Pesl; Lindner, James R.; Dooley, Kim E.

    2013-01-01

    Faculty abroad programs are becoming a popular method to provide faculty in colleges of agriculture with international experiences so they may internationalize their curricula. These programs also serve to provide experiential faculty development opportunities. Eight faculty members from Texas A&M University participated in a faculty abroad…

  13. Relations of Learning Style of College Students and L2Acquisition%大学生学习风格与二语习得的关系及启示

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    林琼轶

    2014-01-01

    通过对476名大学生进行了有关学习风格的问卷调查,对学习风格量表进行了验证,表明其具有良好的信度和效度。利用该量表对大学生的主要学习类型进行了描述和人口统计学变量上的差异检验和回归分析,并考察了大学生不同学习风格与英语学习成绩之间的皮尔逊相关关系。统计分析结果表明听觉型、外向型、纵观全局型、归纳型和场依赖型的学习风格与其英语学习成绩呈显著正相关,说明具有这些学习风格的大学生其二语成绩更好。%This paper has done a questionnaire on 476 college students about their learning style and has verified the Learning Style Inventory. The study shows that the inventory has good reliability and validity. The inventory describes the major types of learning styles among the college students as well as the difference tests and regression analysis of demographic variables. It has also surveyed Pearson correlation between different learning styles and English learning scores. The statistical analysis shows that the learning styles of auditory type, extravert type, overall type, induction type and field dependence are in significant positive correlation with English learning scores, which show the college students of these learning styles are better in L2 learning.

  14. Radioactive caesium in hunters and their families

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Aagren, G.; Bergman, R. [Natonal Defence Research Establishment, Umeaa (Sweden); Drottz-Sjoeberg, B.M. [Center for Risk Research, Stockholm (Sweden); Enander, A. [National Defence Research Establishment, Karlstad (Sweden); Johansson, K.J. [Swedish Univ. of Agricultural Sciences, Uppsala (Sweden)

    1995-12-01

    We have measured the whole-body content of radiocesium in men and women in households, where at least one member is a hunter. Hunter families live to a great extent on forest products, such as mushrooms, berries and meat from game. Measurements were performed in two areas in northern Sweden and in three areas in the middle part of Sweden with deposition levels between 7 to 80 kBq/m{sup 2}. The average whole body content of {sup 137}Cs varied between 0.3 to 1.9 kBq for women and 0.6 to 4.7 kBq for men, depending on the deposition level. Each individual in the measured group was also asked to fill in questionnaire and a food diary to provide complementary information of, e.g., food intake and other life conditions. The single dietary factor most clearly related to whole-body content in these groups is the intake of meat from moose. The best regression model with variables from the questionnaire explained 60% of the variance in the whole-body content of {sup 137}Cs in the measurement group. Some of the variables in this model were deposition level, sex, rate of intake and estimated consumption of moose meat and estimated amount of bilberries in the fridge. 6 refs, 5 figs, 14 tabs.

  15. Duck hunters' perceptions of risk for avian influenza, Georgia, USA.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Dishman, Hope; Stallknecht, David; Cole, Dana

    2010-08-01

    To determine duck hunters'risk for highly pathogenic avian influenza, we surveyed duck hunters in Georgia, USA, during 2007-2008, about their knowledge, attitudes, and practices. We found they engage in several practices that could expose them to the virus. Exposures and awareness were highest for those who had hunted >10 years.

  16. Play as a Foundation for Hunter-Gatherer Social Existence

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gray, Peter

    2009-01-01

    The author offers the thesis that hunter-gatherers promoted, through cultural means, the playful side of their human nature and this made possible their egalitarian, nonautocratic, intensely cooperative ways of living. Hunter-gatherer bands, with their fluid membership, are likened to social-play groups, which people could freely join or leave.…

  17. Attribute-based analysis of hunters' lease preferences.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hussain, Anwar; Munn, Ian A; Hudson, Darren; West, Ben

    2010-12-01

    Understanding of hunter preferences for hunting lease attributes is important to landowners because such knowledge provides key information for managing and marketing fee-hunting in order to maximize revenues. Premised on this insight, we used attribute based modeling to investigate how hunter preferences for potential leases were influenced by lease and hunter-specific attributes. A mail survey of Mississippi licensed hunters provided the necessary data. Estimation results based on McFadden conditional logit regression suggested that lease attributes including game diversity, lease location relative to hunter residence, lease size, lease duration and lease rate influenced willingness to pay for additional units of lease attributes. Depending on the specific levels of these attributes, WTP could vary as much as $5.70 per acre. Of the hunter-specific attributes, age and income significantly influenced hunter decision to buy a lease or opt for status quo. Results of this study should assist landowners in increasing financial returns from fee-hunting endeavors through appropriate changes to their hunting access policies and wildlife management activities in response to hunter preferences regarding lease attributes.

  18. Wild boar hunters profile in Shimane prefecture, western Japan

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ueda, G.

    2005-12-01

    Full Text Available Wild boars have been expanding their range and seriously damage agricultural crops all over Japan. Such situation is obvious in Shimane Prefecture, western end of Honshu Island, where most of its territory is mountainous. Populaton control is strongly expected by farmers and administration. However, the number of hunters has been drastically decreasing since the 1970’s. To maintain and increase hunters, we must investigate their activities and attitudes to clarify the problems. Questionnaires were conducted in 2001 on 310 hunters who renewed their hunting license at local office. The response rate was 80.0%. Wild boar hunters accounted for 61.6%, and the others were mostly bird hunters (32.5%. The objective of wild boar hunting was predominantly nuisance control, and very few hunted for money despite of its high commercial value. Most of them were farmers (35.8% and/or farm village dwellers (53.6%, and used the leg snare (61.4%. Despite the stable number of hunters, the number of hunters using guns is decreasing. Hunters do not to appear to be interested in maintaining the local hunting society. Leisure is the most pursued objective rather nuisance control. Therefore, actions should be taken to stimulate hunting as a leisure activity thus maintaining an important tool for wild boar management.

  19. 78 FR 77113 - Bakken Hunter, LLC; Notice of Application

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-12-20

    ... From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY Federal Energy Regulatory Commission Bakken Hunter, LLC; Notice of Application Take notice that on December 2, 2013 Bakken Hunter, LLC (Bakken), 410 17th Street, Denver, Colorado 80202, filed in Docket No....

  20. Why do good hunters have higher reproductive success?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Smith, Eric Alden

    2004-12-01

    Anecdotal evidence from many hunter-gatherer societies suggests that successful hunters experience higher prestige and greater reproductive success. Detailed quantitative data on these patterns are now available for five widely dispersed cases (Ache, Hadza, !Kung, Lamalera, and Meriam) and indicate that better hunters exhibit higher age-corrected reproductive success than other men in their social group. Leading explanations to account for this pattern are: (1) direct provisioning of hunters' wives and offspring, (2) dyadic reciprocity, (3) indirect reciprocity, (4) costly signaling, and (5) phenotypic correlation. I examine the qualitative and quantitative evidence bearing on these explanations and conclude that although none can be definitively rejected, extensive and apparently unconditional sharing of large game somewhat weakens the first three explanations. The costly signaling explanation has support in some cases, although the exact nature of the benefits gained from mating or allying with or deferring to better hunters needs further study.

  1. Research on the Construction of Learning Style in Higher Vocational Colleges based on the Perspective of System Theory%系统论视角下的高职院校学风建设研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    柏铁山; 王娟

    2012-01-01

    Based on the perspective of system theory, in accordance with the characteristics of learrg style, we try to establish a system of learning style consisting of core systems, support systems and extension systems. We should explore the new way of learning style construction on higher vocational colleges by focusing on integrity to advocate the construction of learning style as a whole; highlighting the hierarchy to grasp the core system of the construction of learning style; emphasizing the expansibility to achieve the innovation management of the construction of learning style.%基于系统论的视角,根据高职院校学风建设的特点,建立由核心系统、支撑系统和外延系统组成的学风建设体系;立足整体性,倡导学风建设全局化思想;突出层次性,把握学风建设的核心系统;强调发展性,实现学风建设的创新管理等方面探索高职院校学风建设的途径。

  2. Teaching Styles and Learning.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Solomon, Daniel; And Others

    Using 24 college and university teachers, this study investigated the effect of teaching styles on adult student learning and analyzed the results of a factor breakdown, interactions between teacher behavior and class and student characteristics, and profiles of teacher effectiveness. Gains in factual information were positively related to teacher…

  3. TEACHING STYLES OF COLLEGE TEACHERS IN EDUCATIONAL RESEARCH / LOS ESTILOS DE ENSEÑANZA DE LOS PROFESORES UNIVERSITARIOS EN LAS INVESTIGACIONES EDUCATIVAS

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Emilio Alberto Ortiz Torres

    2013-04-01

    Full Text Available Teaching styles of college professors have been investigated since XX C., with interesting, new and pertinent scientific results, which contribute to better understand this phenomenon in its tight relations to students learning styles. However, predominant analytical theoretical positions do not take into consideration this peculiar manifestation of professors’ personality and that are part of their professional identity, they do not also approach the teaching-learning process from a dialectic conception, and the application of different research techniques are not previously rooted since coherent and consequent theoretical positions that facilitate the elucidation of dimensions and indicators for its further rigorous analysis and interpretation of data. The aim of this article is to value the importance of the teaching styles for a better university pedagogical process from a personological and dialectic conception. Theoretical and methodological arguments are given for a rigorous investigation in the education field according to assumed standpoints, as part of university professors’ process of professionalization. RESUMEN: Los estilos de enseñanza de los profesores universitarios vienen siendo investigados desde el siglo XX, con la obtención de resultados científicos interesantes, novedosos y pertinentes, que contribuyen a comprenderlos mejor en sus estrechas relaciones con los estilos de aprendizaje de los alumnos. Sin embargo, han predominado posiciones teóricas analíticas que no los consideran como una manifestación peculiar de la personalidad de los docentes y que forman parte de su identidad profesional, no conciben la enseñanza y el aprendizaje como un proceso contradictorio y la aplicación de diferentes técnicas empíricas no están fundamentadas previamente desde posiciones teóricas coherentes y consecuentes, que faciliten la elucidación de dimensiones e indicadores para su posterior análisis e interpretación rigurosa

  4. 心理拓展训练对大学生应对方式的影响%The Impact of Psychological Outward Bound on College Students' Coping Styles

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    鲍碧栩; 马爱民

    2012-01-01

    In this experiment,we use psychological measurement of coping style questionnaire on those Chinese college students who participate in psychological outward bound course and fitness course,then we compare and analyze the survey data,and it shows that:psychological outward bound courses has a positive effect on college students' coping styles.%采用实验研究法,运用中国大学生应对方式问卷对参加心理拓展训练课程和健美课程的大学生进行心理测量,并对调查数据进行比较分析,结果表明:心理拓展训练课程对大学生应对方式的影响具有积极作用。

  5. Research on the Relationship between Internet Addiction and Attachment Styles among College Students%大学生网络成瘾与依恋类型的关系研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    马敏

    2014-01-01

    用 Brennan 编制ECR问卷和陈淑惠编制的中文网络成瘾量表(修订版),对436名大学生分别进行依恋类型和网络成瘾倾向的测评,以探讨大学生网络成瘾与依恋类型的关系。结果表明:大学生的依恋类型和网络成瘾倾向均不存在性别差异;依恋类型的各个维度与网络成瘾的各因子之间均存在显著性相关;不同依恋类型的大学生网络成瘾倾向存在显著性差异;不安全型依恋尤其是惧怕型依恋和冷淡型依恋能够一定程度上预测网络成瘾行为。%ECR questionnaire compiled with Brennan and Chinese Internet Addiction Scale ( Revised Edition ) by Chen Shu-hui are used to evaluate 436 college students’ attachment styles and internet addiction tendency, to explore the relationship between internet addiction and attachment styles among college students. The results show that there are no gender differences in attachment styles and internet addiction;there are significant correlations between each dimension of attachment styles and every factor of internet addiction;there are significant differences in internet addiction tendency of college students with different attachment styles;insecure type attach-ment, especially fear type attachment and cold type attachment can predict behaviors of internet addiction to a certain extent.

  6. On the Existing Problems in the Construction of Style of Study and Their Solutions in Vocational Colleges%高职院校学风建设存在的问题与解决途径

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    姚志坚; 陈肖敏

    2011-01-01

    学风建设关系到高职学院的生存与发展,优良的学风是办学质量的保证。通过分析高职院校学风建设的意义及存在的问题,从学生、学校管理层、教师等方面入手,提出加强学风建设的几项具体途径,也相应对学风建设的目标提出了建议。%The construction of style of study is very important to the survival and development of vocational colleges. An excellent style of study can guarantee a high-quality school running. By analyzing the significance and existing problems of the construction of style of study in vocational colleges, the authors put forward several concrete ways to strengthen the construction of style of study from the perspectives of students, school management and teachers. Moreover, suggestions are also presented concerning the goals of this construction.

  7. A Study on the Construction of the Long-term Effective System for Party Organization’s Style in Colleges and Universities%试论高校党组织作风建设的长效机制

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    洪蓉蓉

    2011-01-01

    This study is based on the realistic significance and connotation of the long-term effective system for party organization’s style construction in colleges and universities,as well as the analysis of the style construction principle.According to some outstanding problems which exist in the process of party organization’s style construction in colleges and universities,this paper comes up with some construction strategies for the long-term effective system of the style construction,which concern educational propaganda,organizational leadership,cadre management,early-warning supervision,punishments and incentives,etc.%阐述了高校党组织作风建设长效机制的构建原则和现实意义,并立足于高校党组织作风建设实践,从教育宣传、组织领导、干部管理、监督预警和惩处激励等不同角度,提出了作风建设长效机制构建策略。

  8. How to promote the construction of learning style with Party construction in independent college%试探独立学院如何以党建促进学风建设

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    陈瑞平; 冯玉婷

    2012-01-01

      本文着重分析了独立学院学风建设现状,指出了党建对学风建设的重要性,并指明了当前独立学院党建促学风存在的问题,重点介绍了如何结合独立学院特点,有效开展以党建促进学风建设的举措%  This paper focuses on the analysis of present situation of the construction of learning style in the independent college, points out the importance of Party construction on the construction of learning style, and points out the problems in current independent college Party construction, this paper focuses on how to combine with the features of the independent college, effectively carry out the measures to promote the construction of learning style with Party building.

  9. 高职教师主观幸福感与职业倦怠:应对方式的作用﹡%Functions of Coping Style on Vocational College Teachers’ Subjective Well-being and Burnout

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    梁杰

    2013-01-01

      调查高职教师主观幸福感和职业倦怠的现状,并检验应对方式对二者关系的作用机制。采取生活满意度量表(SWLS)、情感平衡量表(EBS)、教师职业倦怠问卷(MBI-ES)和简易应对方式问卷(SCSQ)对河南省208名高职教师进行施策。高职教师的职业倦怠和主观幸福感密切相关,而积极有效的应对方式有助于降低职业倦怠对主观幸福感的消极影响。%This article has investigated the present situation of vocational college teachers’ subject well-being and burnout, and has evaluated mechanisms of coping style towards the relationship. 208 vocational college teachers were randomly selected to complete questionnaires, including the Satisfaction with Life Scale (SWLS), Emotional Balance Scale (EBS), Maslach Burnout Inventory Educators Survey (MBI-ES), Simplified Coping Style Questionnaire (SCSQ). Vocational college teachers’ subject well-being and burnout are closely related. Taking positive and effective coping style could help reduce the negative effect on burnout on subjective well-being.

  10. 76 FR 46149 - Financial Assistance: Wildlife Restoration, Sport Fish Restoration, Hunter Education and Safety

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-08-01

    ... Assistance: Wildlife Restoration, Sport Fish Restoration, Hunter Education and Safety; Final Rule #0;#0... Restoration, Hunter Education and Safety AGENCY: Fish and Wildlife Service, Interior. ACTION: Final rule... Restoration, Sport Fish Restoration, and Hunter Education and Safety (Enhanced Hunter Education and...

  11. Channel centerline for Hunter Creek, Oregon in 1940

    Data.gov (United States)

    U.S. Geological Survey, Department of the Interior — Hunter Creek is an unregulated system that drains 115 square kilometers of southwestern Oregon before flowing into the Pacific Ocean south of the town of Gold...

  12. The Hunter Drain Stillwater National Wildlife Refuge Fallon, Nevada

    Data.gov (United States)

    US Fish and Wildlife Service, Department of the Interior — This document outlines water quality concerns related to the operation of the Hunter Drain located in the vicinity of the Stillwater National Wildlife Refuge. This...

  13. Channel centerline for Hunter Creek, Oregon in 2009

    Data.gov (United States)

    U.S. Geological Survey, Department of the Interior — Hunter Creek is an unregulated system that drains 115 square kilometers of southwestern Oregon before flowing into the Pacific Ocean south of the town of Gold Beach,...

  14. Channel centerline for Hunter Creek, Oregon in 2005

    Data.gov (United States)

    U.S. Geological Survey, Department of the Interior — Hunter Creek is an unregulated system that drains 115 square kilometers of southwestern Oregon before flowing into the Pacific Ocean south of the town of Gold Beach,...

  15. perceptions and adaptations of beekeepers and honey hunters to ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Prof. Adipala Ekwamu

    honey sector (i.e. honey hunters) to climate change are, however, not adequately explored. The objective ... resort, beekeepers that are severely affected by climate change had no other choice than abandoned beekeeping for .... Trees, shrub.

  16. Morality and Gender: A Commentary on Pratt, Golding, and Hunter.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Smetana, Judith G.

    1984-01-01

    Discusses problems in Pratt, Golding, and Hunter's investigation (in this issue) of two propositions central to Gilligan's (1982) thesis on the mismeasurement of women's moral orientation and development. Describes research addressing the problems and indicates directions for further research. (RH)

  17. Channel centerline for Hunter Creek, Oregon in 1965

    Data.gov (United States)

    U.S. Geological Survey, Department of the Interior — Hunter Creek is an unregulated system that drains 115 square kilometers of southwestern Oregon before flowing into the Pacific Ocean south of the town of Gold Beach,...

  18. Aerial photo mosaic of Hunter Creek, Oregon in 1940

    Data.gov (United States)

    U.S. Geological Survey, Department of the Interior — Hunter Creek is an unregulated system that drains 115 square kilometers of southwestern Oregon before flowing into the Pacific Ocean south of the town of Gold Beach,...

  19. Aerial photo mosaic of Hunter Creek, Oregon in 1965

    Data.gov (United States)

    U.S. Geological Survey, Department of the Interior — Hunter Creek is an unregulated system that drains 115 square kilometers of southwestern Oregon before flowing into the Pacific Ocean south of the town of Gold Beach,...

  20. 新入学文理科专科护生的学习风格比较研究%Comparative study on learning styles of new nursing students in arts and sciences in junior college

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    罗霜

    2015-01-01

    Objective:To know about the learning styles and preference of nursing students in arts and sciences.Methods:The new nursing students in arts and sciences received the questionnaire by using the Kolb learning style scale.Results:The distribution of learning styles of nursing students in junior colleges were mainly based on divergence and assimilation,and the aggregation and adaptation style were less.There was difference in learning styles of students between in arts and sciences(P <0.05).The learning style of nursing students in arts was the divergent type.The learning style of nursing students in sciences was the assimilation model.Conclu-sion:The learning style of nursing students in Grade 1 is not suitable for the cultivation of talents.There are some differences in learning styles of students between in sciences and arts.Teachers should teach nursing students in arts and sciences in accordance with their aptitude,and according to the talents training requirements to guide students to shape professional related learning style.%[目的]了解文科、理科护理专业学生的学习风格和偏好。[方法]采用 Kolb 学习风格量表对新入学文科、理科护理专业学生进行问卷调查。[结果]专科学校护理专业学生的学习风格分布以发散型和同化型风格居多,聚合型和顺应型风格偏少;文科和理科护理学生的学习风格分布有差异(P <0.05),文科护生发散型最多,理科护生同化型最多。[结论]1年级护生的学习风格与人才培养目标不太适应,文理科护生的学习风格有一定差异,教师对文理科护生要因材施教,并根据人才培养要求有意识地引导学生塑造和本专业学习更匹配的学习风格。

  1. [A case of tularemia in a Danish hunter].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Edfors, Robert; Smith, Birgitte; Lillebaek, Troels

    2010-02-01

    "Rabbit fever" (Francisella Tularensis) is a rare infection in Denmark. It was first described in Denmark in 1987. It is most likely to affect people who come into close contact with infected animals or ticks, such as hunters, butchers and veterinarians. The diagnosis should be suspected in such persons presenting with fever, headache, lethargy, lymphadenitis and bite wounds. We present a Danish case describing the diagnosis and treatment of a hunter infected with T. tularensis.

  2. Hunter perceptions and acceptance of alternative deer management regulations

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cornicelli, L.; Fulton, D.C.; Grund, M.D.; Fieberg, J.

    2011-01-01

    Wildlife managers are often confronted with a policy paradox where a majority of the public supports an outcome, but there is no agreement on specific management strategies to achieve this outcome. Previous research has also reported a link between regulatory acceptance, hunter satisfaction, and hunter participation rates. Thus, human dimensions research aimed at understanding hunter motivations and behavior is needed for effective management. In 2005, we surveyed Minnesota (USA) deer hunters (n = 6,000; 59% response) to evaluate attitudes regarding alternative deer (Odocoileus virginianus) harvest regulations. We also conducted a series of forced choice experiments in which respondents were asked to select an option from a list of representative regulations that might be adopted to achieve a particular deer management goal. Specifically, we modeled 5 deer population scenarios ranging from low populations with high buck-harvest rates to populations 50% over goal density. Our results indicate that hunters preferred different regulations depending on the population scenario, but generally preferred antler-point restrictions and disliked limiting buck licenses through a lottery. We also found consistency among scenarios, in that a small percentage of respondents indicated they would not hunt if regulations were changed. The results from this study should help wildlife managers design deer harvest regulations that are both acceptable to hunters and achieve management objectives. ?? 2011 The Wildlife Society.

  3. 'Impact hunters' catalyse cooperative hunting in two wild chimpanzee communities.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gilby, Ian C; Machanda, Zarin P; Mjungu, Deus C; Rosen, Jeremiah; Muller, Martin N; Pusey, Anne E; Wrangham, Richard W

    2015-12-05

    Even when hunting in groups is mutually beneficial, it is unclear how communal hunts are initiated. If it is costly to be the only hunter, individuals should be reluctant to hunt unless others already are. We used 70 years of data from three communities to examine how male chimpanzees 'solve' this apparent collective action problem. The 'impact hunter' hypothesis proposes that group hunts are sometimes catalysed by certain individuals that hunt more readily than others. In two communities (Kasekela and Kanyawara), we identified a total of five males that exhibited high hunt participation rates for their age, and whose presence at an encounter with red colobus monkeys increased group hunting probability. Critically, these impact hunters were observed to hunt first more often than expected by chance. We argue that by hunting first, these males dilute prey defences and create opportunities for previously reluctant participants. This by-product mutualism can explain variation in group hunting rates within and between social groups. Hunting rates declined after the death of impact hunter FG in Kasekela and after impact hunter MS stopped hunting frequently in Kanyawara. There were no impact hunters in the third, smaller community (Mitumba), where, unlike the others, hunting probability increased with the number of females present at an encounter with prey.

  4. A Storm-by-Storm Analysis of Alpine and Regional Precipitation Dynamics at the Mount Hunter Ice Core Site, Denali National Park, Central Alaska Range

    Science.gov (United States)

    Saylor, P. L.; Osterberg, E. C.; Kreutz, K. J.; Wake, C. P.; Winski, D.

    2014-12-01

    In May-June 2013, an NSF-funded team from Dartmouth College and the Universities of Maine and New Hampshire collected two 1000-year ice cores to bedrock from the summit plateau of Mount Hunter in Denali National Park, Alaska (62.940291, -151.087616, 3912 m). The snow accumulation record from these ice cores will provide key insight into late Holocene precipitation variability in central Alaska, and compliment existing precipitation paleorecords from the Mt. Logan and Eclipse ice cores in coastal SE Alaska. However, correct interpretation of the Mt. Hunter accumulation record requires an understanding of the relationships between regional meteorological events and micrometeorological conditions at the Mt. Hunter ice core collection site. Here we analyze a three-month window of snow accumulation and meteorological conditions recorded by an Automatic Weather Station (AWS) at the Mt. Hunter site during the summer of 2013. Snow accumulation events are identified in the Mt. Hunter AWS dataset, and compared on a storm-by-storm basis to AWS data collected from the adjacent Kahiltna glacier 2000 m lower in elevation, and to regional National Weather Service (NWS) station data. We also evaluate the synoptic conditions associated with each Mt. Hunter accumulation event using NWS surface maps, NCEP-NCAR Reanalysis data, and the NOAA HYSPLIT back trajectory model. We categorize each Mt. Hunter accumulation event as pure snow accumulation, drifting, or blowing snow events based on snow accumulation, wind speed and temperature data using the method of Knuth et al (2009). We analyze the frequency and duration of events within each accumulation regime, in addition to the overall contribution of each event to the snowpack. Preliminary findings indicate that a majority of Mt. Hunter accumulation events are of pure accumulation nature (55.5%) whereas drifting (28.6%) and blowing (15.4%) snow events play a secondary role. Our results will characterize the local accumulation dynamics on

  5. Improvements to the Hunter Dose tracking system

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Whiteside, T. S. [Savannah River Site (SRS), Aiken, SC (United States). Savannah River National Lab. (SRNL); Aucott, T. J. [Savannah River Site (SRS), Aiken, SC (United States). Savannah River National Lab. (SRNL); Brand, A. D. [Savannah River Site (SRS), Aiken, SC (United States). Savannah River National Lab. (SRNL); Diprete, D. P. [Savannah River Site (SRS), Aiken, SC (United States). Savannah River National Lab. (SRNL)

    2017-07-01

    Since 1965, the Savannah River Site (SRS) has conducted deer hunts which are open to the general public. SRS performs field monitoring for cesium-137 (Cs-137) of each harvested animal to determine whether the animal may be released to the hunter. A new field system for measuring Cs-137 in the harvested animals has been developed. The system incorporates numerous enhancements compared to the original system. The original system was composed of two Ludlum Measurements scalar-driven 2 inch x 2 inch sodium iodide counters, while the new system is based on a single Ametek Ortec Digibase-driven 2 inch x 4 inch x 16 inch sodium iodide gamma spectrometer. The new system includes a series of easy-to-assemble stainless steel encapsulated lead shields. The combination of the larger detector size and lead shielding improved the detection limit of the new system by a factor of approximately three compared to the original system. This lower detection limit allows for a larger number of measurements to be directly compared to the laboratory results, in cases where animal portions have been sampled. The results from developing and using this system are presented as well as recommendations on improvements to the overall field monitoring of the SRS hunts.

  6. Conformity of Teaching Style and Learning Style in College English%二语习得的认知加工范式及对对外汉语教学的启示

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张红欣

    2012-01-01

    第二语言习得的认知加工范式关注的是学习者学习第二语言的内在过程与机制,而这正是二语习得研究的关键所在。文章在介绍第二语言习得的认知加工范式的基础上,对汉语作为第二语言的教学现状进行了分析,认为认知加工理论对汉语作为第二语言教学将有一定的参考价值。%Every learner has a unique learning style. Researchers classify the learning styles into groups: field - independent/field -dependent learning styles, auditory/visual/tactile/kinesthetic styles. Similarly, teachers are categorized into different groups: expert, formal authority, personal model, facilitator and delegator. Mismatch between teachers teaching styles and learners learning styles will brings about negative results. In order to create harmonious teaching and learning environment, balanced teaching style is introduced.

  7. Investigation and Analysis on Learning Styles of Students in Higher Vocational Colleges Case Study on Students of Teacher Trainning in Jieyang Vocational and Technical College%高职院校师范生学习风格调查与分析以揭阳职业技术学院师范生为例

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    郝志刚; 杨琼敏

    2014-01-01

    高职院校师范生是地方和基层基础教育师资的一支重要来源,其培养质量如何直接关系到教师队伍素质的提高和我国教育事业的均衡发展。采用 Felder-Silverman 学习风格测试量表调查,从2010年起连续三年采集样本对227名高职师范生的学习风格进行测试,结果表明:高职师范生对知识的加工方面倾向沉思型,对知识的感知倾向感悟型,知识的输入倾向视觉型,知识的理解方面倾向序列型。%College students in higher vocational colleges is an important source of local and grassroots teachers of basic education.Its quality is directly related to the improvement of teachers’quality and balanced development of education in our country.This paper collects the sam-ples of the learning styles of 227 students of teacher training in vocational and technical college from 2010 to 2013 by using the Felder Sil-verman learning style questionnaire.The results show that:the students of teacher training lean to meditation style on knowledge process-ing,to sensibility style on knowledge perception,to visual style on knowledge input and sequence style on knowledge understanding.

  8. Using results of learning styles to improve English teaching methods in higher vocational Colleges%试用学习风格研究成果改进高职高专英语教学方法

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李艳霞

    2012-01-01

      学习风格有不同的分类方法,按照感知方式的不同可分为视觉型、听觉型和触觉型,即学生在接受信息时更偏向的方式。教师需要根据学生的学习风格不同而采取不同的教学方法。文章主要分析利用学习风格的研究成果对高职高专英语教学方法进行改进,以提高高职高专英语教学质量%  Learning styles have different classification methods, according to the way of perception can be divided into different visual type, auditory and tactile, namely students receiving information in more biased manner. Teachers need adopt different teaching methods according to the students' different learning styles, this paper mainly analyzes the results of learning styles to improve English teaching methods in higher vocational Colleges, in order to improve the quality of English teaching in professional college.

  9. Research on Relationship between Physical Exercise and College Students' Coping Styles%体育锻炼与大学生应对方式的关系研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    蔡先锋; 赵安; 马爱民; 何勇

    2012-01-01

    This paper aims to investigate the relationship between physical exercise and college students' coping styles,and improve students' psychological coping ability with stress.Research methods: through experiment and questionnaire survey methods,it focuses on participants in physical exercise of students for 12 weeks exercise intervention experiment.The results show that: physical exercise frequency,duration,exercise project,exercise intensity,or the variable interactions have positive significance on college students' coping styles.It can conclude that physical exercise can improve the students' choice of more active coping styles.%为了探讨体育锻炼与大学生应对方式的关系,提高大学生应对心理应激的能力。通过教学实验和问卷调查等方法,对参加体育锻炼的大学生进行12周体育锻炼干预实验。研究结果:无论是体育锻炼的频率、持续时间、锻炼项目、锻炼强度,还是这些变量的交互作用均对大学生应对方式的改善具有积极意义。体育锻炼可以促进大学生选择更积极的应对方式。

  10. “航母 Style”的流行对当代大学生爱国主义教育的启示%Indication of the Popularity of Carrier Style to Patriotism Education among College Students

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    舒智勇

    2014-01-01

    Since China's first aircraft carrier the Liaoning launched its service,a gesture nicknamed Carrier Style,which is the command of carrier-based aircrafts'take-off,has been swept the country.The popularity of Carrier Style shows Chinese people's passion of patriotism and their movement for China's stronger power. College teachers,who engage in teaching of ideological and political theory courses,should make good use of the passion of patriotism of college students through Carrier Style and guide them to rational patriotism.%我国第一艘航母“辽宁舰”下水服役后,一个被称为“航母 Style”的指挥舰载机起飞的手势风靡全国。“航母 Style”走红的背后折射出的是我国广大网友朴素的爱国主义热情和对于国家日益强大的激动之情。高校思想政治理论课教师可以因势利导,充分肯定大学生在“航母 Style”走红背后涌现出来的爱国热情,正面引导大学生树立理性的爱国主义观念。

  11. Impact of different personality in senior middle school students on their coping styles before national college exam%高三学生性格特征对高考应付方式的影响

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    杨海英; 王从杰

    2012-01-01

    目的:探讨和了解高三学生不同个性特征对其应付方式的影响.方法:采用艾森克个性问卷和应付方式问卷,于高考前对350名学生进行测试.结果:考前具有精神质性格的学生,其应付方式以不成熟型和混合型显著高于成熟型(F=14.92,P均<0.01);相关分析示其与解决问题和求助2因子均呈显著负相关,而与回避因子呈显著正相关;具有外向性格学生,其应付方式以成熟型和混合型显著多于不成熟型(F=13.64,P均<0.01);相关分析提示其与应付方式问卷的解决问题和求助2因子呈显著正相关;情绪稳定性的学生多采用3种不同类型应付方式,但混合型和不成熟型显著多于成熟型(F=51.72,P均<0.01);相关分析提示其与应付方式问卷的自责,幻想和回避均呈显著正相关.结论:中学生对高考的应付方式与性格特征有关.%Objective: To explore the impact of different personality in senior middle school students on their coping styles before national college exam. Method:350 students in senior middle school were inves tigated by Eysenek personality questionaire and coping styles questionnaire before national college exam. Results: Using immature and middle coping styles in students with psychoticism personality were more signifi cantly than using mature coping styles. And psychoticism personality was negatively correlated with problems solving and helping factors,but positively with escape avoidance. Adopting mature and middle coping styles were more markedly than using immature coping styles in students with extroversive personality; And extroversive per sonality was positively correlated with problems solving and seeking scocial support. Mature, middle and immature coping styles were more often used in students with stable personality, but adopting middle and immature coping styles were more significant than using mature coping styles, and students being stable personality was positively

  12. Conformity of Teaching Style and Learning Style in College English%教学风格与学习风格在公共英语教学中的整合

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    梁军童

    2012-01-01

    Every learner has a unique learning style. Researchers classify the learning styles into groups: field - independent/field -dependent learning styles, auditory/visual/tactile/ kinesthetic styles. Similarly, teachers are categorized into different groups: expert, formal authority, personal model, facilitator and delegator. Mismatch between teachers teaching styles and learners learning styles will brings about negative results. In order to create harmonious teaching and learning environment, balanced teaching style is introduced.%学生作为学习的个体有着自己独特的学习风格,按照不同的分类标准,可分为:独立型、依存型、视觉型、听觉型、动手型等。教师作为知识传授的个体其风格也可划分为不同的类型,例如,知识渊博型、权威型、示范型、促进型等。在公共英语教学中,教学风格与学习风格发生冲突会带来很多负面影响,大大降低学生的学习效率也会影响老师的教学效果。为避免这种情况的发生,要求采用“兼容型教学风格”,以适应大多数学习者的学习风格,提高学生英语学习兴趣。

  13. An Empirical Investigation of the Relationships among Cognitive Abilities, Cognitive Style, and Learning Preferences in Students Enrolled in Specialized Degree Courses at a Canadian College

    Science.gov (United States)

    Choi, Jean; Sardar, Shaila

    2011-01-01

    Although specific cognitive abilities, cognitive style, and learning preferences are assumed to be inter-related, the empirical evidence supporting this assumption is mixed. Cognitive style refers to how individuals represent information, and learning preference refers to how individuals prefer the presentation of information (Mayer & Massa,…

  14. 大学生就业压力和应对方式与心理健康的关系研究%Relationship among job-hunting stress, coping style and mental health of college students

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    孟勇; 张磊; 张慧

    2012-01-01

    Objective To investigate the relationship among job-hunting stress,coping style and mental health of college students. Methods Four hundred and ninety undergraduate from three university were investigated by using self-prepared undergraduate job-hunting stress questionnaire, simple coping style questionnaire, center for epidemiologic studies depression scale,state-trait anxiety inventory,self-rating symptom scale,and the correlation analysis and multiple regression analysis were taken to investigate the interrelation among job-hunting stress,coping style and their mental health. Results There were correlation among job-hunting stress,coping style and mental health(P<0.05). The job-hunting stress,active coping style and inactive coping style played a role of good prediction for undergraduate's mental health (P <0.01). The coping style played a role of partly mesomeric effect between undergraduate's job-hunting stress and mental health. Conclusion The undergraduate's job-hunting stress and their coping style has prediction function to mental health.%目的 探讨大学生就业压力、应对方式与心理健康的关系.方法 运用自编的大学生就业压力问卷、简易应对方式问卷、流调中心用抑郁量表、状态-特质焦虑问卷及症状自评量表对3所大学490名大学生进行调查.采用相关分析和多元回归分析探讨大学生就业压力、应对方式与心理健康的相互关系.结果 大学生就业压力、应对方式与心理健康之间两两相关(P<0.05);就业压力、积极应对方式与消极应对方式对大学生心理健康有较好的预测作用(P<0.01);应对方式在大学生就业压力与心理健康之间有部分中介效应作用.结论 大学生就业压力及其应对方式对心理健康有预测作用.

  15. Research on the Relationship between Parenting Style and College Students ’ Resilience%父母教养方式与大学生心理韧性的关系研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    吴文春; 陈岱芬

    2014-01-01

    采用简式父母教养方式问卷中文版和青少年心理韧性量表对大学生进行调查,以探究父母教养方式与大学生心理韧性的关系。结果显示:男女大学生在心理韧性的个人力、支持力、情绪控制、人际协助维度上及父母教养方式的父亲拒绝、父亲情感温暖维度上的得分差异显著;独生子女大学生在人际协助维度上的得分显著高于非独生子女;农村大学生在个人力、情绪控制维度上的得分显著高于城市大学生;文理科大学生在支持力、情绪控制、人际协助、父亲情感温暖维度上的得分差异显著。父母教养方式与心理韧性各维度存在显著的相关性,且回归分析表明母亲情感温暖和父亲过度保护分别对心理韧性有显著的正、负向预测作用。结论:父母教养方式对大学生心理韧性具有一定的预测作用。%Adopting the Chinese version of s-EMBU and the Resilience Scale for Chinese Adolescent, this study explored the relationship between parenting style and college students’ resilience by investigating 328 college students. Results showed, there were significant differences on personal force, supporting, mood controlling and interpersonal assistance of resilience and father’s rejection, emotional warmth of parenting style of college students of different gender. Single-child college students had significantly scores than non-single-child college students in interpersonal assistance. Rural students had significantly higher scores than city students in personal force and mood controlling. Significant difference between college students of humanities and sciences exist in supporting, mood controlling, interpersonal assistance of resilience and father ’s emotional warmth dimension of parenting style. There were significant correlation between each dimension of parenting style and resilience. Besides, the enter regression showed that the mother's emotional warmth

  16. The Study on the Basis Points-style Teaching in Colleges' Gymnastics Teaching%基点式教学法在高校体操教学中的探讨

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    孟现录

    2015-01-01

    本研究结合体育教学目标和体操教学在高校遇到的问题,在高校体操教学中探索提出基点式教学法,构建新型教学方法,以期为体操课教学提供一种新的思路和理论参考.%The study combines sports teaching goal and the problems that encountered in colleges' gymnastics teaching, proposes a new teaching method --the Basis Points-style Teaching , aiming at providing a new idea and theory reference for gymnastics course.

  17. 高校留级生的学业倦怠与应对方式的调查研究%INVESTIGATION AND RESEARCH ABOUT THE ACADEMIC BURNOUT AND COPING STYLE OF THE STAYED-DOWN STUDENTS IN COLLEGE

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    周喜华

    2011-01-01

    [目的]了解高校留级生的学业倦怠与应对方式的状况及其相互关系,为高校心理健康教育及其心理辅导实践提供依据.[方法]随机选取陕西2所高校83名留级生,采用大学生学习倦怠量表和应付方式问卷对选取对象进行调查.[结果]高校留级生的学业倦怠水平较高,处于学业倦怠状态的被试69人,占85%,男性留级生相比女性学业倦怠状态更为明显(P<0.05);高校留级生的应对方式以消极应对方式为主且男女差异显著;高校留级生的学业倦怠与其应对方式相关.[结论]高校留级生的学业倦怠状态较为严重且与应对方式相关;应提培养高校留级生积极的应对方式,以缓解其学业倦怠.%[Objective]To research the academic burnout and coping style of the stayed-down students in college.[Methods]Adopted the College Students' Academic Burnout Questionnaire and Coping Style Questionnaire to investigate 83 stayed-down students in two colleges in Shanxi.[Results]The level of academic burnout of students was high, 69 students (85%) were at the level of academic burnout.There was a sexual distinction between them; there was an obvious relationship between the coping style and academic burnout of stayed-down students in college.[Conclusion]It shows that their coping style has a great effect to their level of academic burnout.

  18. On a periodic two-component Hunter-Saxton equation

    CERN Document Server

    Kohlmann, Martin

    2011-01-01

    We determine the solution of the geodesic equation associated with a periodic two-component Hunter-Saxton system on a semidirect product obtained from the diffeomorphism group of the circle, modulo rigid rotations, and a space of scalar functions. In particular, we compute the time of breakdown of the geodesic flow. As a further goal, we establish a local well-posedness result for the two-component Hunter-Saxton system in the smooth category. The paper gets in line with some recent results for the generalized Hunter-Saxton equation provided by Escher, Wu and Wunsch in [J. Escher, Preprint 2010] and [H. Wu, M. Wunsch, arXiv:1009.1688v1 [math.AP

  19. Related Research Between Coping Styles and Anxiety In Han and Minority Medial College Students%医科大学生应对方式与焦虑的相关研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    潘欣; 康杰; 李胜豪

    2011-01-01

    Object:To understand the relationship between coping styles and anxiety among undergraduates of a medical university. Methods: We selected 800 students of the medical university as the subjects. Data were collected by using the Coping styles questionnaire, using the Self - Rating Anxiety Scale (SAS). Result; Coping styles have significant differences in anxiety levels. Positive coping styles and anxiety is a significant negative correlation, negative coping styles and anxiety is a significant positive correlation. Conclusion; The educational orientation function of colleges should be given full play to overally optimize the psycological diathesis of medical students, so as to build favorable psycological states and positive coping capacity among medical students.%目的 了解医科大学生应对方式与焦虑的关系.方法 对某重点大学医学专业800名大学生进行简易应对方式问卷和自评焦虑量表的测试.结果 应对方式在焦虑水平上有显著性差异;积极应对方式与焦虑呈显著负相关,消极应对方式与焦虑呈显著正相关.结论 应该充分发挥学校的教育引导作用,全面优化医科大学生的心理素质,使其保持良好的心理状态,积极的应对压力.

  20. Leadership Styles

    Science.gov (United States)

    Val, Carlin; Kemp, Jess

    2012-01-01

    This study examines how a group's dynamic changes under the influence of different leadership styles, and determines what leadership style works best in a large group expedition. The main question identified was "What roles can a leader play in affecting the dynamic of a large group while partaking in a field expedition?" The following…

  1. Effects of Cognitive Style on Affective Priming of College Students under Different SOA Conditions%不同SOA条件下认知风格对情绪启动效应的影响

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    宋兆岩; 李芳; 宋耀武

    2012-01-01

    This study,adopting "word-word" affective priming paradigm,researched the effects of participants' cognitive style on affective priming,in which SOA were 200ms,500ms and 800ms.35 participants whose cognitive style is field-dependence and 35 participants whose cognitive style is field-independence were chosen from 500 college students via the Embedded Figures Test.In this experiment which contained practice and real experiment,40 emotional phrases worked as the stimulus and DMDX soft ware was used to record the response time and right or wrong.The results showed that:The reverse priming effect was found to the participants of different cognitive styles when SOA were 200ms,500ms or 800ms;cognitive style can affect the response time of participants,and the response to target words of participants whose cognitive style is field-independence is faster than another group's;cognitive style can not affect the occurrence of reverse priming effect.%研究采用词—词情绪启动范式探讨当SOA为200ms、500ms、800ms时,认知风格对情绪启动效应的影响。通过镶嵌图形测验,从500名大学生中选出场独立型和场依存型各35名作为被试,以40个双字汉语情绪词为刺激材料。实验分练习阶段和正式实验阶段,DMDX编程并记录被试的反应时和反应对错。结果表明:对于不同认知风格的被试,当SOA为200ms、500ms、800ms时,均发生情绪启动的反转效应;认知风格能够影响被试对目标词的反应时,场独立型个体比场依存型个体对目标词的反应快;认知风格对于情绪启动反转效应的发生没有影响。

  2. An Empirical Investigation of the Relationships Among Cognitive Abilities, Cognitive Style, and Learning Preferences in Students Enrolled in Specialized Degree Courses at a Canadian College

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Shaila Sardar

    2011-09-01

    Full Text Available Although specific cognitive abilities, cognitive style, and learning preferences are assumed to be inter-related, the empirical evidence supporting this assumption is mixed. Cognitive style refers to how individuals represent information, and learning preference refers to how individuals prefer the presentation of information (Mayer & Massa, 2003. Both cognitive style and learning preferences have been linked to specific cognitive abilities, such as verbal abilities, visual imagery and spatial abilities, though the nature of the inter-relationships remains tenuous in the literature. The present study addressed the roles of specific cognitive abilities in the relationship between learning preferences and the visualizer-verbalizer dimension of cognitive style, using a unique sample of students enrolled in specialized post-secondary programs. A battery of cognitive tests and questionnaires was administered. It was found that spatial abilities predicted visual cognitive style, which in turn, predicted visual learning preferences. Vocabulary knowledge predicted verbal cognitive style, but not verbal learning preferences. These results suggest that specific cognitive abilities predict visual-verbal cognitive styles, though the distinction between visual-verbal cognitive styles does not have clear associations with learning preferences.Bien que l’on suppose que les habiletés cognitives, le style cognitif et les préférences en matière d’apprentissage soient interreliés, les preuves empiriques étayant cette supposition sont partagées. Le style cognitif renvoie à la façon dont les individus perçoivent l’information et les préférences en matière d’apprentissage concernent la présentation de l’information (Mayer & Massa, 2003. Les chercheurs ont établi un lien entre, d’une part, le style cognitif et les préférences d’apprentissage et, d’autre part, des capacités cognitives spécifiques comme les habiletés verbales, l

  3. Learning Styles of Students at Vocational School

    OpenAIRE

    BUŘIČOVÁ, Jana

    2011-01-01

    This graduation work concerns the issue on educational systéme at training colleges. The teoretic part focuses on a characteristic of the adolescent period and mostly the Tudory describes different styles of learning and show koherence between cognitive styles and learning ones using terms as tactics and strategy. Also possibilities how to influence the learning are mentioned as well as diagnostic of styles of learning and information about researchescarried out. The practical part of the gra...

  4. Decision-Making Style and Vocational Maturity.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Phillips, Susan D.; Strohmer, Douglas C.

    1982-01-01

    Examined the relationship between decision-making style, scholastic achievement, and vocational maturity for college students (N=64). Results did not support the hypothesized relationship between rationality and attitudinal and cognitive maturity. Scholastic achievement and lack of dependent decision style were found to be moderately predictive of…

  5. 女子院校高职生心理压力及压力应对方式的调查研究%A Research about the Mental Stress and Stress Coping Styles of the Students in Women's College

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    曾艳芬

    2015-01-01

    The research tried to understand the mental stress and Stress coping styles of the students in Women's College through questionnaire. It shows that the mental stress of the students in Women's College is in a certain condition, also brings out the differences between the majors, the origin and if only-child or not;their stress coping styles should be posi-tive primarily.%本研究以女子学院高职生为调查对象,通过问卷法其压力状况及压力应对方式进行调查.结果表明,女子院校高职生心理压力总体处于轻度水平,并且显示出了专业、生源地、独生与否等变量上的差异;而其压力应对方式主要以积极应对方式为主.

  6. 论大学生体育生活方式与普通高校体育教育教学改革研究%Sports life style of college students and the ordinary university sports educational reform research

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    周燕

    2013-01-01

      随着社会的发展,体育在人们日常生活中所起的作用越来越重要,它是促进人们身体健康的重要手段。为开展健康的体育生活方式,我国应抓紧体育工作,加强体育教育教学改革研究。为此,本文分析了大学生体育生活的环境和大学生体育生活方式的现状,并对大学生体育生活方式形成的教育教学改革对策进行了讨论。%With the development of society, sports plays more and more important in people's daily life, it is an important means to promote the health .For the development of sports and health life style, China should pay close attention to the physical work, strengthen the teaching reform of physical education. Therefore, this paper analyzed the present situation of college students sports environment and sports life style, discusses the reform and countermeasures of education and teaching of college students' sports lifestyle.

  7. A Discourse about Education of Yoga and Fostering Healthy life StYle of College Students%基于瑜伽教育的视角谈大学生健康生活方式的培养

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    鲍亮; 钱枝

    2011-01-01

    Education of yoga that is relaxing physical education is to comprehensively perfect "body", "heart" and "soul" through breathing, posture and meditation so that people can develop comprehensively. Through discussing the influence of yoga on fostering healthy life style of college students this text points out how to carry out yoga sports that can help college students foster healthy life style.%瑜伽教育通过呼吸、姿势和冥想。从整体上完善人的“身、心、灵”,达到圆融合一,促进人的全面发展。文章通过阐述瑜伽教育对于大学生健康生活方式培养的影响,提出如何在高校开展瑜伽运动,以帮助大学生形成健康的生活方式。

  8. 大学生心理韧性与网络成瘾:应对方式的中介作用%The Relationship between Resilience and Internet Addiction among College Students:The Mediating Effect of Coping Styles

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张碧碧; 张彦彦

    2016-01-01

    This study aimed to explore the relationships among resilience, coping styles and Internet addiction of college students. 351 college students from Changchun were surveyed using the Internet addiction scale, the resilience scale and the coping style scale. Pearson’s correlations and structure equation models were used for data analysis. Results indicated that the correlations among resilience, coping styles and Internet addiction were significant. Specifically, resilience was positively correlated to problem-solving and help-seeking, whereas negatively to self-blame, illusion, withdrawal, and rationalization. Resilience was also negatively related to students’ score of Internet addiction. In ad-dition, Internet addiction was negatively correlated to problem-solving, and positively related to self-blame, illu-sion, withdrawal and rationalization. College students’ score of resilience predicted their Internet addiction, and the relationship between resilience and internet addition was fully mediated by three types of copying styles ( i. e., self-blame, illusion and rationalization) .%为探讨大学生心理韧性、应对方式和网络成瘾的关系,采用网络成瘾量表、心理韧性量表和应对方式问卷对351名大学生进行问卷调查。结果表明:(1)大学生的心理韧性、应对方式与网络成瘾三者之间存在相关关系。具体而言,心理韧性与应对方式中的解决问题和求助两个因子呈正相关,与自责、幻想、退避和合理化四个因子呈负相关;心理韧性与网络成瘾呈负相关;应对方式中的解决问题因子与网络成瘾呈负相关,自责、幻想、退避和合理化四个因子与网络成瘾呈正相关。(2)心理韧性通过影响自责、幻想和合理化三种应对方式间接地影响大学生的网络成瘾,即上述三种应对方式在心理韧性影响网络成瘾的关系中起完全中介作用。

  9. 高校辅导员推动班级学风建设的思考%Thinking about the College Counselors on Promoting the Construction Class Study Style

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    高明慧; 于磊; 由春桥; 张福军

    2016-01-01

    高校辅导员是高校班级学风建设的指导者和引领者,面对目前部分大学生学习动力不足,学习目标迷茫,甚至是沉迷网络游戏,荒废学业等情况,如何才能树立起有理想、有追求、积极向上的学风,是辅导员一直致力研究的课题。文章通过剖析高校辅导员在推动班级学风建设中发挥的作用,及影响班级学风建设主要问题的基础上,指出营造优良的学习氛围、思想政治教育及班级组织建设是解决问题的有效方法,并对各项措施的有效实施进行了可行性论述。%The college counselor is the instructor and leader in the college's class study style construction. Facing the problems of part of the university students' lack of the learning motivation, being confused with the learning goals, and even the online games and abandoning studies, they devote themselves to the re-searches on how to establish good study styles of aspiring, pursu-ing and activeness. Through the analysis of the role that the col-lege counselor plays in the construction of study style and the main problems which influence the style construction, this paper points out that the effective methods of solving the problems are creating good learning environment, ideological and political ed-ucation and class organization construction, and discusses the feasibility of effective implementations of the varied methods.

  10. Order-Style Talent Cultivation Mode in Local Colleges and Universities%地方院校“订单式”人才培养模式的探索

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    杨松; 王晶

    2014-01-01

    地方院校实施“订单式”人才培养模式是校企合作的一种重要形式,是一件高校、学生和用人单位三方共赢的好事。但在目前情况下,地方院校实施“订单式”人才培养模式还存在诸如订单班的组建、课程置换、学生离校后的毕业前考试、安全和管理、高质量订单单位的寻找等问题。解决这些问题需要做好以下工作,一是加大宣传以解决订单班的组建问题;二是深化高校内部改革以保证人才培养模式的顺利实施;三是明晰三方行为主体的权责利关系;四是校企双方专人负责,加强管理。%The implementation of order-style talent cultivation mode in local colleges and universities is an important form of the cooperation between universities and enterprises, which can benefit universities, students and employers. However, in the present situation, there still exist some problems in the implementation of order-style talent cultivation mode in local colleges and universities such as the formation of order-style class, course displacement, students’graduation examination before leaving their universities, security and management, seeking for order units with high qualities and so on. To solve these problems, the following things should be done well: firstly, publicity should be strenghthened to form order-style class; secondly, the internal reform of colleges and universities should be deepened to ensure the successful implementation of talent cultivation mode; thirdly, the relationship of universities, students and employers’ power, responsibility and benefits should be clarified; and lastly, universities and enterprieses should specially appoint certain person to be charge of this issue and strenghthen management.

  11. Hunter-gatherer plant use in southwest Asia

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Otaegui, Amaia Arranz; Ibañez, Juan José; Zapata, Lydia

    2016-01-01

    This paper focuses on plant use by the last hunter-gatherers in the Levant, from the Last Glacial Maximum (LGM) to the first experiments with plant cultivation at the beginning of the Holocene. This review of Epipaleolithic and Early Neolithic plant use summarises available archaeobotanical and t...

  12. Planet Hunters 2 in the K2 Era

    Science.gov (United States)

    Schwamb, Megan E.; Fischer, Debra; Boyajian, Tabetha S.; Giguere, Matthew J.; Ishikawa, Sascha; Lintott, Chris; Lynn, Stuart; Schmitt, Joseph; Snyder, Chris; Wang, Ji; Barclay, Thomas

    2015-01-01

    Planet Hunters (http://www.planethunters.org) is an online citizen science project enlisting hundreds of thousands of people to search for planet transits in the publicly released Kepler data. Volunteers mark the locations of visible transits in a web interface, with multiple independent classifiers reviewing a randomly selected ~30-day light curve segment. In September 2014, Planet Hunters entered a new phase. The project was relaunched with a brand new online classification interface and discussion tool built using the Zooniverse's (http://www.zooniverse.org) latest technology and web platform. The website has been optimized for the rapid discovery and identification of planet candidates in the light curves from K2, the two-wheeled ecliptic plane Kepler mission. We will give an overview of the new Planet Hunters classification interface and Round 2 review system in context of the K2 data. We will present the first results from the Planet Hunters 2 search of K2 Campaigns 0 and 1 including a summary of new planet candidates.

  13. Planet Hunters: Assessing the Kepler Inventory of Short Period Planets

    CERN Document Server

    Schwamb, Megan E; Fischer, Debra A; Giguere, Matthew J; Lynn, Stuart; Smith, Arfon M; Brewer, John M; Parrish, Michael; Schawinski, Kevin; Simpson, Robert J

    2012-01-01

    We present the results from a search of data from the first 33.5 days of the Kepler science mission (Quarter 1) for exoplanet transits by the Planet Hunters citizen science project. Planet Hunters enlists members of the general public to visually identify transits in the publicly released Kepler light curves via the World Wide Web. Over 24,000 volunteers reviewed the Kepler Quarter 1 data set. We examine the abundance of \\geq 2 R\\oplus planets on short period (< 15 days) orbits based on Planet Hunters detections. We present these results along with an analysis of the detection efficiency of human classifiers to identify planetary transits including a comparison to the Kepler inventory of planet candidates. Although performance drops rapidly for smaller radii, \\geq 4 R\\oplus Planet Hunters \\geq 85% efficient at identifying transit signals for planets with periods less than 15 days for the Kepler sample of target stars. Our high efficiency rate for simulated transits along with recovery of the majority of Ke...

  14. Honey, Hadza, hunter-gatherers, and human evolution.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Marlowe, Frank W; Berbesque, J Colette; Wood, Brian; Crittenden, Alyssa; Porter, Claire; Mabulla, Audax

    2014-06-01

    Honey is the most energy dense food in nature. It is therefore not surprising that, where it exists, honey is an important food for almost all hunter-gatherers. Here we describe and analyze widespread honey collecting among foragers and show that where it is absent, in arctic and subarctic habitats, honey bees are also rare to absent. Second, we focus on one hunter-gatherer society, the Hadza of Tanzania. Hadza men and women both rank honey as their favorite food. Hadza acquire seven types of honey. Hadza women usually acquire honey that is close to the ground while men often climb tall baobab trees to raid the largest bee hives with stinging bees. Honey accounts for a substantial proportion of the kilocalories in the Hadza diet, especially that of Hadza men. Cross-cultural forager data reveal that in most hunter-gatherers, men acquire more honey than women but often, as with the Hadza, women do acquire some. Virtually all warm-climate foragers consume honey. Our closest living relatives, the great apes, take honey when they can. We suggest that honey has been part of the diet of our ancestors dating back to at least the earliest hominins. The earliest hominins, however, would have surely been less capable of acquiring as much honey as more recent, fully modern human hunter-gatherers. We discuss reasons for thinking our early ancestors would have acquired less honey than foragers ethnographically described, yet still significantly more than our great ape relatives.

  15. Medicinal and ethnoveterinary remedies of hunters in Trinidad

    OpenAIRE

    Georges Karla; Harper Tisha; Lans Cheryl; Bridgewater Elmo

    2001-01-01

    Abstract Background Ethnomedicines are used by hunters for themselves and their hunting dogs in Trinidad. Plants are used for snakebites, scorpion stings, for injuries and mange of dogs and to facilitate hunting success. Results Plants used include Piper hispidum, Pithecelobium unguis-cati, Bauhinia excisa, Bauhinia cumanensis, Cecropia peltata, Aframomum melegueta, Aristolochia rugosa, Aristolochia trilobata, Jatropha curcas, Jatropha gossypifolia, Nicotiana tabacum, Vernonia scorpioides, Pe...

  16. Sources of nonresponse to the Federal Waterfowl Hunter Questionnaire Survey

    Science.gov (United States)

    Barker, R.J.; Geissler, P.H.; Hoover, B.A.

    1992-01-01

    Response rates to the Federal Waterfowl Hunter Questionnaire Survey (WHQS) have declined since the 1950's, suggesting that harvest estimates may be biased. Consequently, we investigated reasons for WHQS nonresponse using surveys of waterfowl hunters in Arkansas, California, Louisiana, Minnesota, New Jersey, and Texas [USA]. Sampling frames were constructed using lists of buyers of state hunting licenses or state duck stamps. We mailed questionnaires to 16,452 randomly selected hunters, with 2 follow-up mailings at 3-week intervals. Questionnaires were completed by 8,812 respondents, and a further 587 interviews were conducted by telephone. Post offices accounted for between 53.7% (Minn.) and 92.8% (N.J.) of federal waterfowl duck stamp sales, and stores accounted for most other sales. Of hunters who bought a federal waterfowl stamp from sample post offices, between 16.7% (Minn.) and 40.0% (Ark.) reported receiving a WHQS contact card. Of those receiving contact cards, between 30.0% (N.J.) and 64.3% (La. and Tex.) reported returning them. Because survey coverage of the target population is poor, we recommend that a new sampling frame be developed for the WHQS.

  17. Hot subduction: Magmatism along the Hunter Ridge, SW Pacific

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Crawford, A.J.; Verbeeten, A.; Danyushevsky, L.V.; Sigurdsson, I.A. [SRC for Ore Deposit Research, Hobart, TAS (Australia); Maillet, P. [Australian National University, Canberra, ACT (Australia). Department of Geology; Maillet, P. [ORSTOM Centre de Brest, France, (France); Monzier, M. [ORSTOM Centre, Ecuador, (Ecuador)

    1997-12-31

    The Hunter `fracture zone` is generally regarded as a transform plate boundary linking the oppositely dipping Tongan and Vanuatu subduction systems. Dredging along the Hunter Ridge and sampling of its northernmost extent, exposed as the island of Kadavu in Fiji, has yielded a diversity of magmatic suites, including arc tholeiites and high-Ca boninites, high-Mg lavas with some affinities to boninites and some affinities to adakites, and true adakitic lavas associated with remarkable low-Fe, high-Na basalts with 8-16 ppm Nb (herein high-Nb basalts). Lavas which show clear evidence of slab melt involvement in their petrogenesis occur at either end of the Hunter Ridge, whereas the arc tholeiites and high-Ca boninites appear to be restricted to the south central part of the ridge. Mineralogical and whole rock geochemical data for each of these suites are summarized, and a tectono-magmatic model for their genesis and distribution is suggested. Trace element features and radiogenic isotope data for the Hunter Ridge lavas indicate compositions analogue to Pacific MORB-like mantle. Extended abstract. 6 refs., 2 figs.

  18. The Enchanted Hunters in Nabokov’s Lolita

    National Research Council Canada - National Science Library

    Justine Shu- Ting Kao

    2017-01-01

    In Nabokov’s Lolita, Humbert Humbert’s The Enchanted Hunters, as a quest for love, aims to reconstruct a felicitous world or integrate various fragmentary details into an organic unity that revives a lost love, experiencing it on the...

  19. Camp stability predicts patterns of hunter-gatherer cooperation.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Smith, Daniel; Dyble, Mark; Thompson, James; Major, Katie; Page, Abigail E; Chaudhary, Nikhil; Salali, Gul Deniz; Vinicius, Lucio; Migliano, Andrea Bamberg; Mace, Ruth

    2016-07-01

    Humans regularly cooperate with non-kin, which has been theorized to require reciprocity between repeatedly interacting and trusting individuals. However, the role of repeated interactions has not previously been demonstrated in explaining real-world patterns of hunter-gatherer cooperation. Here we explore cooperation among the Agta, a population of Filipino hunter-gatherers, using data from both actual resource transfers and two experimental games across multiple camps. Patterns of cooperation vary greatly between camps and depend on socio-ecological context. Stable camps (with fewer changes in membership over time) were associated with greater reciprocal sharing, indicating that an increased likelihood of future interactions facilitates reciprocity. This is the first study reporting an association between reciprocal cooperation and hunter-gatherer band stability. Under conditions of low camp stability individuals still acquire resources from others, but do so via demand sharing (taking from others), rather than based on reciprocal considerations. Hunter-gatherer cooperation may either be characterized as reciprocity or demand sharing depending on socio-ecological conditions.

  20. Librarians as Hunter-Gatherers: Lessons Learned from an Excursion

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cooper, Mindy M.

    2013-01-01

    Fueled by the pressing need for electronic resource usage statistics, librarians are finding themselves being thrust into the role of hunter-gatherer. This article discusses the work done at University Library at Indiana University-Purdue University Indianapolis to provide usage statistics for all its paid subscriptions for a 3-year period. The…

  1. Hunter syndrome: Case report and review of literature

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    There are about thirteen different clinical syndromes of. MPS.2 We report a case of Hunter syndrome, as far as we know this is the .... egaly and cardiovascular complications after the transplant in children. ' .... Bone marrow trans- plantation in ...

  2. 建构主义学习理论对高校学风建设的启示%The Enlightenment of Constructivism Learning Theory to the Construction of Study Style in Colleges

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    赵永芳

    2012-01-01

      Constructivism learning theory is one of the most important theories of education reform and development, which plays an important role in the construction of study style in colleges. In this paper, based on the constructivism learning theory knowledge view, study view, teaching view on how to strengthen the construction of study style is discussed. Put forward to solve the problem of the construction of study style in college's core mission is to mobilize students' learning initiative and the enthusiasm of teachers. Let me learn, become I want to learn, and make learning become their own development demand%  建构主义学习理论是现代教育改革和发展的重要理论之一,它在高校教育教学改革中起到重要作用,对当前的高校学风建设有着有益的启示。本文结合建构主义理论的知识观、学习观、教学观对如何加强学风建设进行了探讨,提出了解决高校学风建设问题的核心任务是调动学生学习的主动性和教师的积极性,由要我学,转变为我要学,使学习成为学生自身发展的需求。

  3. 父母教养方式与大学生心理健康关系元分析%Meta-analysis of the relationship between parenting styles and the mental health among college students

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张妍; 任慧莹

    2012-01-01

    目的 了解父母教养方式与大学生心理健康的关系,为促进大学生心理健康发展提供参考依据.方法 检索中国知网、万方和维曾全文数据库有关父母教养方式与大学生心理健康关系的文献,选取28篇研究报告进行元分析,研究对象涉及20 834名在校大学生,研究量表主要为父母教养方式量表(EMBU)及症状自评量表(SCL-90),采用相关系数(r)为效应量,并进行FisherZ逆转换.结果 除父母亲的惩罚、严厉外,其余因子平均效应量的显著性检验P值均<0.01,父母教养方式类型与大学生的心理健康显著相关;父亲情感温暖、理解的效应量绝对值大于母亲;母亲不良教养方式的效应量大于父亲;平均效应量在父母不良教养方式上值均为正.结论 父母教养方式与孩子的心理健康关系密切.父亲良好教养方式以及母亲不良教养方式与大学生心理健康的关系更大.%Objective Meta-analysis was used to review the relationship between parenting styles and the mental health of college students in China. Methods The China National Knowledge Infrastructure, Wanfang and VIP database was reviewed. Twenty-eight articles were used, and 20 834 students were surveyed. EMBU and SCL-90 were used to evaluate their parenting styles and mental health. Results There was significant correlation between parenting styles and the mental health of college students. The effect sizes of the emotional warmth from farther were higher than that from mother. The effect sizes of the negative parenting styles from mother were higher than that from father. The effect sizes of the negative parenting styles from parents were positive. Conclusion Parenting styles are significantly correlated with the mental health of children. The positive parenting styles from farther and the negative parenting styles from mother are more correlated with the mental health of children.

  4. Investigation on health literacy and life style of college students in Wuhan%武汉市高校大学生健康素养与生活方式调查

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    蒋元源; 姚颖

    2011-01-01

    Objective This study aimed to explore the health literacy and life style of college students in Wuhan,and provide basis for nutritional health education. Methods A total of 207 Tongji Medical College students and 208 nonmedical college students were recruited as the participants of the study by cluster random sampling. The survey included their health literacy and life style. The investigators were in full participation to provide help during the completion of the questiormaires. All the questionnaires were distributed and called back by investigators. Results Compared with the medical majors, the score of nutrition knowledge of the non-medical majors was lower, and difference was also noticed in gender. The non-medical students had an irregular living habit,however,the lifestyle of the medical students still needs to be further improved. Conclusions It is necessary to take effective measures to properly guide the college students to have scientific and reasonable life style and habit so as to further improve their nutritious and health status.%目的 了解和研究目前高校大学生健康素养与生活方式的现状,为开展营养健康教育提供依据.方法 按照整群抽样原则,对同济医学院207名医学生和208名高校非医学专业学生的健康素养与生活方式进行问卷调查,问卷由调查员统一发放和回收.结果 与医学专业大学生相比,非医学专业大学生营养知识得分较低,且男女差异显著;非医学专业大学生的生活习惯相对不规律,医学专业学生生活习惯也有待进一步提高.结论 应采取多种形式对大学生饮食、行为进行正确引导,使之养成科学、合理的生活方式,从而改善高校大学生整体营养与健康状况.

  5. 大学生害羞与孤独感的关系:幽默风格的中介作用%Humor Style as Mediator on the Relationship Between Shyness and Loneliness in College Students

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    赵晶晶; 孔风; 王勇慧

    2012-01-01

    目的:探讨幽默风格在大学生害羞与孤独感关系中的中介作用.方法:采用害羞量表、中文版幽默风格问卷和社会与情感孤独量表对525名在校大学生进行问卷调查.结果:①孤独感与害羞、嘲讽型幽默及自贬型幽默存在显著的正相关,与亲和型幽默、自强型幽默存在显著的负相关;害羞与亲和型幽默、自强型幽默存在显著的负相关,与嘲讽型幽默、自贬型幽默存在显著的正相关.②害羞不仅对孤独感有直接预测作用,还可以通过亲和型幽默和自强型幽默起间接预测作用.结论:幽默风格是大学生害羞与孤独感关系的中介变量.%Objective: To explore the mediator effect of humor style on the relationship between shyness and loneliness in college students. Methods: A total of 525 college students (233 boys and 292 girls) from two Chinese universities completed a survey that included the Chinese humor style questionnaire, the Cheek and Buss Shyness Scale and the Emotional and Social Loneliness Scales. Results: ①Loneliness of college students had significant positive correlation with shyness, aggressive humor and self-defeating humor, and had significant negative correlation with affiliative humor and self-enhancing humor. Significant negative correlation was found between shyness and affiliative humor, self-enhancing humor. There was also a significant positive correlation between shyness and aggressive humor, self-defeating humor. ②Shyness could not only predict loneliness directly, but also by the mediating role of affiliative humor and self-enhancing humor indirectly. Conclusion: Humor style could be a mediator on the relationship between shyness and loneliness of college students.

  6. Student-Negotiated Lesson Style

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sampson, Richard J.

    2010-01-01

    This paper presents an overview of action research conducted in an EFL university context, in which data was collected about students' past English learning experiences and hopes for college speaking classes. This data was then used to guide the lesson style for the semester. The study used three cycles of action research over one 15-week…

  7. Understanding Business Majors' Learning Styles

    Science.gov (United States)

    Giordano, James; Rochford, Regina A.

    2005-01-01

    Recently, business education programs have experienced a decline in enrollment and an increase in attrition. To understand these issues and recommend solutions, the learning styles of 503 first-year business majors at an urban community college were examined. The results demonstrated that: (a) 94% of the participants were analytic learners; (b)…

  8. A Research on College Students' Attributional Style and Their Career Decision-Making Difficulties%归因风格对大学生职业决策困难的影响研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    芦霞

    2011-01-01

    This study investigated and analyzed the characteristics of college students' career decision-making difficulties and its relation to different attributional style with data collected from college students.The results indicated as follows:On the whole,the level of college students' career decision-making difficulties is not very high;Students with characteristics,such as sex,grade,major,whether or not receiving job-hunting training have significant differences;Students with different attributional style have significant differences on dimensions of uncertainty,self-cognition,vocational goal,vocational self-exploration and social support.%对某高校大学生的职业决策困难状况以及归因风格对他们职业决策困难的影响进行了研究。结果表明:大学生职业决策困难的总体水平不是很高;大学生的职业决策困难程度呈现出性别、年级、专业、是否接受就业指导训练的群体差异;归因风格类型对职业决策困难的不确定性维度、自我认知维度、职业目标维度、职业自我探索维度和社会支持维度的影响差异显著。

  9. Student Learning Styles and Performance in an Introductory Finance Class

    Science.gov (United States)

    Seiver, Daniel Alan; Haddad, Kamal; Do, Andrew

    2014-01-01

    Many academic disciplines have examined the role that variation in Jungian personality types plays in the academic performance of college students. Different personality types tend to have different learning styles, which in turn influence student performance in a variety of college courses. To measure the impact of learning styles on student…

  10. Relationship between Coping Style,Learning Burnout and Academic Procrastination of College Students%大学生应对方式、学习倦怠与学业拖延的关系

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    徐明津; 杨新国; 吴柑澜; 黄雪雯

    2015-01-01

    Objective:To probe into the relationship between coping style ,learning burnout and aca-demic procrastination .Methods:A total of 331 college students were tested with the Undergraduate Learn-ing Burnout Scale ,the Simplified Coping Style Questionnaire and the Procrastination Assessment Scale -Students.Results:Firstly,coping styles of college students was positive ,their learning burnout was in me-dium level and they had a certain degree of academic procrastination;Secondly ,the negative coping style was positively related to learning burnout (r=0.234,P<0.01)and academic procrastination (r=0.200, P<0.01),academic procrastination was significantly correlated to learning burnout (r =0.366,P <0.01);Thirdly,mediating effect test was showed that learning burnout ,whose mediating effect accounted for 42 .38%of the total effect ,partially mediated the relationship between negative coping style and aca-demic procrastination .Conclusion:The more negative coping style of college students is , the higher the learning burnout level is ,and that deepened their academic procrastination .%目的:探讨应对方式、学习倦怠与学业拖延的关系。方法:采用简易应对方式问卷、大学生学习倦怠问卷、学生版拖延评估量表对331名大学生的应对方式、学习倦怠与学业拖延情况进行测量。结果:①大学生应对方式积极,学习倦怠得分处于中等水平并存在一定程度的学业拖延;②消极应对与学习倦怠(r=0.234,P<0.01)、学业拖延呈显著正相关(r=0.200,P<0.01),学习倦怠与学业拖延呈显著正相关(r=0.366,P<0.01);③中介检验发现,学习倦怠在消极应对方式与学业拖延之间起部分中介的作用,中介效应占总效应的423.8%。结论:学生的应对方式越消极,学习倦怠程度越高,进而导致学业拖延程度加深。

  11. Relations psychological health with personality and coping style in 100 medical college students%100名医学生人格特质及应对方式与心理健康关系研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王娟娣; 杨雪梅; 任冰; 周曼颖; 林勇

    2011-01-01

    Objective Medical students are the mainstay of medical professionals for future health service, therefore, their mental health is arousing more and more concern. Probing into the ways of the influence of personality and coping style on the psychological health of medical college students, we provide scientific basis and guidance for pertinent psychological intervention. Methods A total of 100 medical college students were evaluated by Symptom Checklist 90 ( SCL-90) , Eysenck' s Personality Questionnaire (EPQ) , and Coping Style Questionnaire (CSQ). Results ①The average scores of total and those of obsession compulsive, depression, anxiety and psychoticism were all above the norm. The scores of somatization, interpersonal relationship, fear and paranoia were all below the norm. ②Neuroticism had an significant positive correlation with the average SCL-90 scores of total and those of obsession, depression and fear. Immature coping style has a significant positive correlation with the average SCL-90 scores of total and all the tested factors. ③Personality trait, coping style have influence on psychological health. Coping style take the rule of mediating effect, which is reflected in the aspect of immature coping. Conclusion Personality trait and coping style have an influence on psychological health of medical college students. Personality factors influence psychological health in an indirect manner.%目的 医学生作为未来从事健康服务的医务人员的主体,其心理健康状况受到越来越多的关注.文中探讨人格特质、应对方式对医学生心理健康的影响方式和途径,为进一步开展针对性心理干预提供科学依据和指导. 方法 对100名医学生进行症状自评量表( SCL-90)、艾森克个性问卷(Eysenck personality questionnaire,EPQ)与应对方式问卷(copingstyle questionnaire,CSQ)测评与分析. 结果 ①症状自评量表总均分,以及强迫、抑郁、焦虑和精神病性因子分

  12. 高职院校学风建设学生主体性激励机制研究%Research on Students'Main Motivation Mechanism in Study Style of Higher Vocational Colleges

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王谦

    2015-01-01

    在高职院校学风建设中,激励机制是推动学生学习的一个重要外部因素.本研究要结合高职院校学生的主体特点,加强学校师德建设,激发学生学习动力,制定合理的奖励制度,优化学校激励环境,将激励机制的功效最大化,以此促进高职院校的学风建设.%In the construction of academic atmosphere in higher vocational colleges, the incentive mechanism is an important external factor to promote students' learning. School should combine the main characteristics of vocational college students,strengthen the construction of teaching morality, stimulate students' learning motivation, formulate reasonable reward system, optimize the school environment excitation, and optimize the inspire mechanism, so as to promote the construction of study style in higher vocational colleges.

  13. Reflection on Promoting the Learning Style Construction Based on Employment——Taking College A for Example%以就业为导向促进低年级学生学风建设的思考 ——以A校学生为例

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张华; 赵亚敏; 柏春美

    2016-01-01

    The construction of learning style is the basis of high-quality talents' cultivation. The learning style construction of junior students is the key for the learning style construction of all the colleges and universities. This essay analyzes the current problems of the learning style construction of junior students by investigating junior students of college A. And it also studies the effective employment-oriented approaches to promoting the learning style construction of junior students in colleges and universities.%学风建设是高校高质量人才培养的基础,低年级学风建设是高校整个学风建设的关键环节.通过对A校低年级大学生进行调查,分析当前低年级大学生学风建设存在的问题,探究以就业为导向促进低年级学风建设的有效途径,推进高校学风建设.

  14. Study on the Relationship between College Students'Attributional Style,Health Level and Suicidal Ideation%大学生归因方式、健康水平和自杀意念的关系研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    黄霞妮; 杨新国; 卓露; 段修云

    2015-01-01

    目的:探讨大学生归因方式、健康水平和自杀意念的关系.方法以广西大学320名在校本科学生为被试,采用自杀意念自评量表、自测健康评定级表、多维度-多归因因果量表作为测量工具.结果大学生自杀意念的检出率为18.5%,归因方式对自杀意念具有显著预测作用,健康水平在归因方式与自杀意念间的中介效应占总效应的43.0%.结论一方面,归因方式可以直接影响自杀意念;另一方面,健康水平可以在归因方式与自杀意念之间起中介作用.%Objectives To explore the relationship between college students'attributional style,health level and suicidal ideation.Methods 320 students in Guangxi University was investigated by using the Multidimensional-Mul-tiattributional Causality Scale,Self-rating Suicidal Ideation Scale and Self-rating Health Measurement Scale (Version l).Results The detection rate of the suicidal ideation among students was 18.5%.Attribution style could signifi-cantly predict suicidal ideation.The intermediary effect of health level between attributional style and suicidal idea-tion was accounted for 43.0% of the total effect.Conclusions On the one hand,attributional style could directly af-fect suicidal ideation;on the other hand,health level can play an intermediary role between attributional style and suicidal ideation.

  15. A bivalent scale for measuring crowding among deer hunters

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gigliotti, Larry M.; Chase, Loren

    2014-01-01

    One factor that may influence satisfaction in outdoor recreation is crowding, which historically has been defined as a negative evaluation of the density of other participants. While this definition is suitable for most scenarios, there are circumstances where encounters with others in the area are evaluated positively and thus contribute to the satisfaction of the participant. To adequately describe this phenomenon we suggest a more inclusive measurement of crowding that allows for both positive and negative evaluations of participant density to more accurately explore the relationship between crowding and satisfaction. We identified a sub-group of deer hunters who negatively evaluated the low density of other hunters, which reduced their satisfaction with their overall hunting experience. The methodology for measuring crowding in recreation research may have an important effect in identifying the relationship crowding has with other relevant variables as well as management implications.

  16. Style Wars

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Handberg, Kristian

    2011-01-01

    Postmodernismen er kommet på museum i Victoria and Alberts stort anlagte udstilling Postmodernism. Style and Subversion 1970-1990. Reportage fra en udstilling, der spænder fra filosofi til firserpop og tager den nære fortid på museum.......Postmodernismen er kommet på museum i Victoria and Alberts stort anlagte udstilling Postmodernism. Style and Subversion 1970-1990. Reportage fra en udstilling, der spænder fra filosofi til firserpop og tager den nære fortid på museum....

  17. 不同性质材料对大学生自杀态度与应对方式的影响%Different materials effect on college students’attitudes toward suicide and their coping style

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张海波; 薛云珍

    2013-01-01

    Objective To understand college students’attitude about suicide and coping style after presenting dif-ferent psychology materials,and explore the relationship between them.Methods A total of 299 college students were ran-domly divided into three groups,104 in positive psychology material group with positive psychology skills,94 in negative psychology material group with report of college students’suicide,and 101 in contrast group without materials.Their coping style and suicide attitude were accessed.Results The general attitude of the three group college students were contradiction and neutral (2.79 ±0.35).Positive group and negative group showed significantly difference between the attitude of suicide behavior (F =5.261,P =0.006)and euthanasia (F =4.217,P =0.016),and the scores in positive group were lower than that in negative group (P <0.05).However,the differences in positive (F =1.07,P =0.345)and negative coping styles (F =1.86,P =0.158)were not found statistical significance among the three groups.Conclusion Different mate-rials had different effects on the attitude of college students about suicide.Therefore,it is suggested that college students’ suicide psychology should be paid attention,especially positive psychological guidance and education.%目的通过积极材料和消极材料的呈现,了解大学生的自杀态度与应对方式的状况,并探讨其中的关系。方法将299名大学生随机分为积极组(n =104)、消极组(n =94)和对照组(n =101),分别阅读积极心理技巧的相关知识、大学生自杀的案例报道和不给予任何阅读材料,然后进行自杀态度和应对方式的测评。结果三组大学生自杀态度总体上呈现矛盾和中立的态度(2.79±0.35);三组在对自杀行为性质的认识态度(F=5.261,P =0.006)和对安乐死的态度(F =4.217,P =0.016)上差异有统计学意义,两两比较,积极组均低于消极组(P <0.05)

  18. HiggsHunters - a citizen science project for ATLAS

    CERN Document Server

    Haas, Andrew; The ATLAS collaboration

    2017-01-01

    Since the launch of HiggsHunters.org in November 2014, citizen science volunteers have classified more than a million points of interest in images from the ATLAS experiment at the LHC. Volunteers have been looking for displaced vertices and unusual features in images recorded during LHC Run-1. We discuss the design of the project, its impact on the public, and the surprising results of how the human volunteers performed relative to the computer algorithms in identifying displaced secondary vertices.

  19. Sacrificing Steve: How I Killed the Crocodile Hunter

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Luke Carman

    2010-09-01

    Full Text Available Bob Hodge and Vijay Mishra argue that the complex issues of illegitimacy at the core of Australian identity are repressed through a continual process of cyclical silencing, where traces of a shameful past are exorcised by a focus on images of a mythologised ‘legend’, embodied in characters such as 'The Man from Snowy River'. This article explores such a 'schizophrenic' cycle in relation to the life, death and resurrection of Steve 'Crocodile Hunter' Irwin.

  20. HiggsHunters - a citizen science project for ATLAS

    CERN Document Server

    Haas, Andrew; The ATLAS collaboration

    2016-01-01

    Since the launch of HiggsHunters.org in November 2014, citizen science volunteers have classified more than a million points of interest in images from the ATLAS experiment at the LHC. Volunteers have been looking for displaced vertices and unusual features in images recorded during LHC Run-1. We discuss the design of the project, its impact on the public, and the surprising results of how the human volunteers performed relative to the computer algorithms in identifying displaced secondary vertices.

  1. Sacrificing Steve : how I killed the Crocodile Hunter

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Carman, Luke

    2010-01-01

    Full Text Available Bob Hodge and Vijay Mishra argue that the complex issues of illegitimacy at the core of Australian identity are repressed through a continual process of cyclical silencing, where traces of a shameful past are exorcised by a focus on images of a mythologised ‘legend’, embodied in characters such as 'The Man from Snowy River'. This article explores such a 'schizophrenic' cycle in relation to the life, death and resurrection of Steve 'Crocodile Hunter' Irwin.

  2. Hunter Fleming与Access合作开发oligotropin

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    陆义(摘)

    2005-01-01

    英国Hunter Fleming公司已与美国的药物输送公司Access Pharmaceuticals签署合作协议,采用Access公司的维生素B12口服药物输送技术,开发治疗亨廷顿氏阿尔茨海默氏病的口服制剂oligotropin(HF0420)。

  3. Hunter-Gatherers and the Origins of Religion.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Peoples, Hervey C; Duda, Pavel; Marlowe, Frank W

    2016-09-01

    Recent studies of the evolution of religion have revealed the cognitive underpinnings of belief in supernatural agents, the role of ritual in promoting cooperation, and the contribution of morally punishing high gods to the growth and stabilization of human society. The universality of religion across human society points to a deep evolutionary past. However, specific traits of nascent religiosity, and the sequence in which they emerged, have remained unknown. Here we reconstruct the evolution of religious beliefs and behaviors in early modern humans using a global sample of hunter-gatherers and seven traits describing hunter-gatherer religiosity: animism, belief in an afterlife, shamanism, ancestor worship, high gods, and worship of ancestors or high gods who are active in human affairs. We reconstruct ancestral character states using a time-calibrated supertree based on published phylogenetic trees and linguistic classification and then test for correlated evolution between the characters and for the direction of cultural change. Results indicate that the oldest trait of religion, present in the most recent common ancestor of present-day hunter-gatherers, was animism, in agreement with long-standing beliefs about the fundamental role of this trait. Belief in an afterlife emerged, followed by shamanism and ancestor worship. Ancestor spirits or high gods who are active in human affairs were absent in early humans, suggesting a deep history for the egalitarian nature of hunter-gatherer societies. There is a significant positive relationship between most characters investigated, but the trait "high gods" stands apart, suggesting that belief in a single creator deity can emerge in a society regardless of other aspects of its religion.

  4. 医学生手机依赖与孤独感的关系:应对方式的中介作用%Mobile Phone Dependence and Alone Feeling in Medical College Students:Coping Style's Mediating Effect

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李静; 闫国伟; 张静平

    2016-01-01

    Objective :To explore the association of mobile phone dependence to coping style and alone feeling in medical college students ,in order to provide reference bases for medico education and mental intervention .Methods :696 medical college students were chosen .They were assessed with the Mobile Phone Addiction Index Scale (MPAI) , UCLA Loneliness Scale(UCLA)and Simple Coping Style Questionnaire .Results :The average MPAI score in medical college students was(42 .82 ± 11 .30) .The scores were higher in female students than that in males (t = 1 .975 ,P 0 .05) .Structural equation model found negative coping style played a partly mediating role between loneliness and mobile phone dependence ,the mediation effect was 10 .8% .Conclusion :There may be a close relation of mobile phone dependence to alone feeling and negative coping style ,and loneliness can affect mobile phone dependence through negative coping style .%目的:探讨医学生手机依赖状况及其与孤独感、应对方式的关系,为医学生教育及心理干预提供参考依据。方法:采用中文版手机依赖指数(MPAI)、UCLA 孤独量表、简易应对方式问卷对696名医学生进行问卷调查。结果:医学生的 MPAI 平均得分为(42.82±11.30),女生得分高于男生得分(t =1.975,P <0.05);农村学生得分要高于城市/城镇学生得分(t =2.056,P <0.05);不同年级及专业之间的差异无统计学意义。医学生 MPAI 得分与消极应对方式、孤独感呈正相关(r =0.31,0.29;P <0.001),与积极应对方式呈不显著负相关。路径分析表明,消极应对方式在孤独感和手机依赖之间起部分中介作用,中介效应为10.8%。结论:孤独感、消极应对方式与手机依赖关系密切,孤独感能够通过消极应对方式影响手机依赖。

  5. Evolutionary history of hunter-gatherer marriage practices.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Robert S Walker

    Full Text Available BACKGROUND: The universality of marriage in human societies around the world suggests a deep evolutionary history of institutionalized pair-bonding that stems back at least to early modern humans. However, marriage practices vary considerably from culture to culture, ranging from strict prescriptions and arranged marriages in some societies to mostly unregulated courtship in others, presence to absence of brideservice and brideprice, and polyandrous to polygynous unions. The ancestral state of early human marriage is not well known given the lack of conclusive archaeological evidence. METHODOLOGY: Comparative phylogenetic analyses using data from contemporary hunter-gatherers around the world may allow for the reconstruction of ancestral human cultural traits. We attempt to reconstruct ancestral marriage practices using hunter-gatherer phylogenies based on mitochondrial DNA sequences. RESULTS: Arranged marriages are inferred to go back at least to first modern human migrations out of Africa. Reconstructions are equivocal on whether or not earlier human marriages were arranged because several African hunter-gatherers have courtship marriages. Phylogenetic reconstructions suggest that marriages in early ancestral human societies probably had low levels of polygyny (low reproductive skew and reciprocal exchanges between the families of marital partners (i.e., brideservice or brideprice. DISCUSSION: Phylogenetic results suggest a deep history of regulated exchange of mates and resources among lineages that enhanced the complexity of human meta-group social structure with coalitions and alliances spanning across multiple residential communities.

  6. PhosphoHunter: An Efficient Software Tool for Phosphopeptide Identification

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Alessandra Tiengo

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available Phosphorylation is a protein posttranslational modification. It is responsible of the activation/inactivation of disease-related pathways, thanks to its role of “molecular switch.” The study of phosphorylated proteins becomes a key point for the proteomic analyses focused on the identification of diagnostic/therapeutic targets. Liquid chromatography coupled to tandem mass spectrometry (LC-MS/MS is the most widely used analytical approach. Although unmodified peptides are automatically identified by consolidated algorithms, phosphopeptides still require automated tools to avoid time-consuming manual interpretation. To improve phosphopeptide identification efficiency, a novel procedure was developed and implemented in a Perl/C tool called PhosphoHunter, here proposed and evaluated. It includes a preliminary heuristic step for filtering out the MS/MS spectra produced by nonphosphorylated peptides before sequence identification. A method to assess the statistical significance of identified phosphopeptides was also formulated. PhosphoHunter performance was tested on a dataset of 1500 MS/MS spectra and it was compared with two other tools: Mascot and Inspect. Comparisons demonstrated that a strong point of PhosphoHunter is sensitivity, suggesting that it is able to identify real phosphopeptides with superior performance. Performance indexes depend on a single parameter (intensity threshold that users can tune according to the study aim. All the three tools localized >90% of phosphosites.

  7. Effects of Lecture Style on Learning and Preferences for a Teacher.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hull, Debra B.; Hull, John H.

    1988-01-01

    Examines the effect of stereotypically masculine and feminine teaching styles on college students. Results indicate that students prefer the feminine style, and that students learn significantly less from a female using the masculine style than from a male using the feminine style. (FMW)

  8. Discussion on Enhancing Learning Style of Colleges and Universities%浅议加强高校大学生学风建设

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王晓娥

    2014-01-01

    建设优良学风,是高校肩负国家科教兴国战略任务的重要环节。本文通过分析高校现状,查找出影响高校学风建设的关键因素,对如何加强学风建设提出了管理督学风、机制导学风、榜样树学风、科研促学风的建议。%Construction on excellent learning style is one of the most important sessions to developing the country through science and education. In this paper, the key influencing factors are found and analyzed, management, mechanism, model and scientific research are proposed to strength the learning style.

  9. Does lateral transmission obscure inheritance in hunter-gatherer languages?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bowern, Claire; Epps, Patience; Gray, Russell; Hill, Jane; Hunley, Keith; McConvell, Patrick; Zentz, Jason

    2011-01-01

    In recent years, linguists have begun to increasingly rely on quantitative phylogenetic approaches to examine language evolution. Some linguists have questioned the suitability of phylogenetic approaches on the grounds that linguistic evolution is largely reticulate due to extensive lateral transmission, or borrowing, among languages. The problem may be particularly pronounced in hunter-gatherer languages, where the conventional wisdom among many linguists is that lexical borrowing rates are so high that tree building approaches cannot provide meaningful insights into evolutionary processes. However, this claim has never been systematically evaluated, in large part because suitable data were unavailable. In addition, little is known about the subsistence, demographic, ecological, and social factors that might mediate variation in rates of borrowing among languages. Here, we evaluate these claims with a large sample of hunter-gatherer languages from three regions around the world. In this study, a list of 204 basic vocabulary items was collected for 122 hunter-gatherer and small-scale cultivator languages from three ecologically diverse case study areas: northern Australia, northwest Amazonia, and California and the Great Basin. Words were rigorously coded for etymological (inheritance) status, and loan rates were calculated. Loan rate variability was examined with respect to language area, subsistence mode, and population size, density, and mobility; these results were then compared to the sample of 41 primarily agriculturalist languages. Though loan levels varied both within and among regions, they were generally low in all regions (mean 5.06%, median 2.49%, and SD 7.56), despite substantial demographic, ecological, and social variation. Amazonian levels were uniformly very low, with no language exhibiting more than 4%. Rates were low but more variable in the other two study regions, in part because of several outlier languages where rates of borrowing were

  10. Does lateral transmission obscure inheritance in hunter-gatherer languages?

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Claire Bowern

    Full Text Available In recent years, linguists have begun to increasingly rely on quantitative phylogenetic approaches to examine language evolution. Some linguists have questioned the suitability of phylogenetic approaches on the grounds that linguistic evolution is largely reticulate due to extensive lateral transmission, or borrowing, among languages. The problem may be particularly pronounced in hunter-gatherer languages, where the conventional wisdom among many linguists is that lexical borrowing rates are so high that tree building approaches cannot provide meaningful insights into evolutionary processes. However, this claim has never been systematically evaluated, in large part because suitable data were unavailable. In addition, little is known about the subsistence, demographic, ecological, and social factors that might mediate variation in rates of borrowing among languages. Here, we evaluate these claims with a large sample of hunter-gatherer languages from three regions around the world. In this study, a list of 204 basic vocabulary items was collected for 122 hunter-gatherer and small-scale cultivator languages from three ecologically diverse case study areas: northern Australia, northwest Amazonia, and California and the Great Basin. Words were rigorously coded for etymological (inheritance status, and loan rates were calculated. Loan rate variability was examined with respect to language area, subsistence mode, and population size, density, and mobility; these results were then compared to the sample of 41 primarily agriculturalist languages. Though loan levels varied both within and among regions, they were generally low in all regions (mean 5.06%, median 2.49%, and SD 7.56, despite substantial demographic, ecological, and social variation. Amazonian levels were uniformly very low, with no language exhibiting more than 4%. Rates were low but more variable in the other two study regions, in part because of several outlier languages where rates of

  11. The Enchanted Hunters in Nabokov’s Lolita

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Justine Shu- Ting Kao

    2017-06-01

    Full Text Available In Nabokov’s Lolita, Humbert Humbert’s The Enchanted Hunters, as a quest for love, aims to reconstruct a felicitous world or integrate various fragmentary details into an organic unity that revives a lost love, experiencing it on the basis of irony, and revealing a simulation of the desire, violence, and despondency which have been expressed in myths of nymphs and Persephone. The protagonist never reaches this unity, but his narrative of erotic and romantic love reveals him as a pathetic addict engaged in mechanical reproduction related to the phenomena of desire, seduction, violence, and sex. His The Enchanted Hunters does not simulate what he expects of his childhood love with Annabel; rather, it simulates the erotic imagination suggested in Mary D. Sheriff’s term “nymphomania,” in which artists fall degenerately to a model of tragedy. Keywords: simulation, nymph, nymphomania, The Enchanted Hunters The Enchanted Hunters in Nabokov’s Lolita refers to the name of a hotel and the title of a play. This seeming coincidence is actually not coincidental: Nabokov weaves a story concerning a pedophile’s seduction of a prepubescent child into a “story within a story,” in which the girl is imagined as a seducer who bewitches a number of hunters. Just as the girl in the play is a figment of a poet’s imagination, so Lolita in the novel Lolita is an imaginary production of a middle-aged pedophile. Yet Lolita is not so much a novel revealing guilt and mental disorder, but a mélange of art and reality, or more specifically, it is about a coinage in which the author fabricates art and myth in real life. Parallel to the protagonist who simulates what he expects of his childhood love, Annabel, in the form of the nymphet, Lolita, Nabokov replicates the beauty of butterflies in the pursuit of beauty and immortality, and develops the world of art with a pathetic tone whereby we gradually perceive a simulation of the desire, violence, and

  12. Planet Hunters, Undergraduate Research, and Detection of Extrasolar Planet Kepler-818 b

    Science.gov (United States)

    Baker, David; Crannell, Graham; Duncan, James; Hays, Aryn; Hendrix, Landon

    2017-01-01

    Detection of extrasolar planets provides an excellent research opportunity for undergraduate students. In Spring 2012, we searched for transiting extrasolar planets using Kepler spacecraft data in our Research Experience in Physics course at Austin College. Offered during the regular academic year, these Research Experience courses engage students in the scientific process, including proposal writing, paper submission, peer review, and oral presentations. Since 2004, over 190 undergraduate students have conducted authentic scientific research through Research Experience courses at Austin College.Zooniverse’s citizen science Planet Hunters web site offered an efficient method for rapid analysis of Kepler data. Light curves from over 5000 stars were analyzed, of which 2.3% showed planetary candidates already tagged by the Kepler team. Another 1.5% of the light curves suggested eclipsing binary stars, and 1.6% of the light curves had simulated planets for training purposes.One of the stars with possible planetary transits had not yet been listed as a planetary candidate. We reported possible transits for Kepler ID 4282872, which later was promoted to planetary candidate KOI-1325 in 2012 and confirmed to host extrasolar planet Kepler-818 b in 2016 (Morton et al. 2016). Kepler-818 b is a “hot Neptune” with period 10.04 days, flux decrease during transit ~0.4%, planetary radius 4.69 Earth radii, and semi-major axis 0.089 au.

  13. The ecological and evolutionary energetics of hunter-gatherer residential mobility

    CERN Document Server

    Hamilton, Marcus J; Rupley, Eric; Youn, Hyejin; West, Geoffrey B

    2016-01-01

    Residential mobility is deeply entangled with all aspects of hunter-gatherer life ways, and is therefore an issue of central importance in hunter-gatherer studies. Hunter-gatherers vary widely in annual rates of residential mobility, and understanding the sources of this variation has long been of interest to anthropologists and archaeologists. Since mobility is, to a large extent, driven by the need for a continuous supply of food, a natural framework for addressing this question is provided by the metabolic theory of ecology. This provides a powerful framework for formulating formal testable hypotheses concerning evolutionary and ecological constraints on the scale and variation of hunter-gatherer residential mobility. We evaluate these predictions using extant data and show strong support for the hypotheses. We show that the overall scale of hunter-gatherer residential mobility is predicted by average human body size, and the limited capacity of mobile hunter-gatherers to store energy internally. We then s...

  14. 充分利用学习风格差异组织民办高校大学英语教学%Maximize Learning Style Differences in College English Teaching in Private Universities

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    贺李

    2014-01-01

    In China’s private universities, how to improve teaching outcomes remains a major challenge for college English teachers. This study investigates learning style differences of 119 non-English undergraduates in Sanda University. It reveals that students prefer visual and auditory learning and more of them are global and closure-oriented. Students with auditory, closure and particular preference score higher in CET-4 exam. Based on the findings, the paper suggests college English teachers maxi-mize students’learning style differences by diversifying language tasks and assessment systems, following a learner-based approach to language teaching that explicitly highlights the role of the learners’styles within everyday classroom language instruction.%民办高校增加英语教学学时和小班教学的作法较为普遍,如何提高课堂教学的有效性是大学英语教师面临的共同问题。通过对上海杉达学院119名非英语专业本科生的学习风格进行调查,结果显示,倾向于视觉型、听觉型、谨慎组织型、整体型的学生较多,听觉型、具体条理型以及谨慎组织型学习风格与大学英语四级成绩的相关性更高。由此,文章指出在民办高校公共英语教师应该注意语言任务的多样化、语言评价的多样化,以学生为中心,注重在课堂教学中学习者的学习风格所扮演的角色。

  15. The Implications of Victimhood Identity: The Case of ‘Persecution’ of Swedish Hunters

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Erica von Essen

    2017-06-01

    Full Text Available This ethnographically based study examines Swedish hunters’ claims to victimhood through appeal to the term ‘persecution’. Perceiving disenfranchisement, injustice and discrimination on the basis of wolf conservation policy, we present hunters’ self-styled predicament as victimhood-claimants of persecution at the hands of a state that has been co-opted by a conservationist, pro-wolf agenda that systematically disenfranchises rural and hunting interests and lifestyles. Through the phenomenological accounts of hunter respondents, our paper takes seriously the hunters’ perception of persecution and, likewise, considers the opposite case made by conservationists: that wolves have been, and continue to be, the real victims of persecution in the conflict. Nonetheless, we show that the persecution language as it is applied from opposing parties in the conflict is problematic inasmuch as it is focused around creating a moral panic and confusion among the Swedish public who are ultimately responsible, as a democratic body-politic, for assessing the legitimacy of claims to moral wrong-doing and legal redress for the wronged. Our case study joins scholarship that explores the pathologies of claims to victimization

  16. Self-worth and coping styles of non-medical majors in medical colleges%医学院校非医学专业大学生自我价值与应对方式相关研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    焦桂花; 谢博; 禹玉兰; 曾家勇

    2013-01-01

    目的探究医学院校医学专业与非医学专业学生自我价值感、应对方式的特点与关系。方法从某医学院校随机抽取医学专业与非医学专业大学生各150名,采用自我价值感量表、应对方式量表进行调查研究和统计。结果(1)非医学专业学生总体自我价值感高于医学生(t=2.43,P<0.05);一般自我价值感,包括个人取向(t=2.38,P<0.05)与社会取向(t=2.38,P<0.05)两个方面均高于医学生;而特殊自我价值感差异无统计学意义。(2)非医学专业大学生成熟应对方式类型高于医学专业大学生(t=3.07,P<0.01)。(3)大学生应对方式与自我价值感存在相关。结论医学院校可以根据医学与非医学专业学生不同的人格特征,做好课程、培养目标与办学方向等的优化设计,提高学生自我价值感和成熟应对方式,塑造健全人格。%Objective To explore the characteristics of self-esteem and coping styles between the medical students and non-medical majors in medical colleges. Methods 150 medical students and another 150 non-medical students from a medical school were selected randomly, each of participants took self-esteem and coping style scale for research. Results (1) Non-medical students’ overall sense of self-worth was higher than that of the medical students (t=2.43, P<0.05). The score on general sense of self-worth for non-medical students, including personal orientation(t=2.38, P<0.05) and social orientation (t=2.38, P<0.05) was higer than that of medical students. There was no signiifcant difference between the two groups concerning special sense of self-worth. (2) The score on mature coping style types for non-medical students was higer than that in medical students (t=3.07, P<0.01). (3) Students’ coping styles were associated with theirs presence of self-worth. Conclusion We suggest that in order to improve students' self-esteem, mature coping style, and

  17. 高职学生人格特征、应对方式与心理健康的关系%Relationship of Vocational College Students' Personality Traits, Coping Style and Mental Health

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张亚男

    2014-01-01

    With prosperity and continuous enrollment at the University of vocational students in private colleges and uni-versities of applied higher as more and more people are being educated concern, compared with ordinary undergraduate college students, vocational students in mental health even more special. Vocational students from the reality, there are many factors, such as social environment, family economy, employment status will affect their mental health, but coping style, personality characteristics of individual factors on mental health vocational students have a very important role. In this paper, several students in vocational colleges in Shaanxi Province as the research object, with the relationship between personality traits, the way to deal mental health and to explore how personality traits and coping styles affect the mental health of vocational students.%随着民办高校的繁荣以及大学的不断扩招,高职生作为应用型高等人才也越来越多的受到教育者的关注,与普通本科高校学生相比,高职生的心理健康状况更加特殊。从高职学生的实际出发,有许多因素如社会环境、家庭经济、就业状况等会影响其心理健康,但应对方式、人格特征等个体因素对高职生心理健康有着非常重要的作用。本文以陕西省几所高职院校学生为研究对象,探讨人格特征、应对方式和心理健康状况之间的关系,探讨人格特征和应对方式如何影响高职生心理健康状况。

  18. The Role of Student Self-Reported Spirituality and Perception of Community College Instructor Transformational Leadership Style on the Overall Rating of Teaching Effectiveness

    Science.gov (United States)

    Salinas, Horacio, Jr.

    2012-01-01

    Across the United States there is increasing demand to reform public education. High school and college students are failing to meet academic standards and graduation requirements. Concerned stakeholders acknowledge that the key to student learning lies in effective teaching. It is the teacher in the classroom who is the fulcrum that determines…

  19. The Relationship between Parental Opinion of School-Based Sex Education, Parent-Child Communication about Sexuality, and Parenting Styles in a Diverse Urban Community College Population

    Science.gov (United States)

    Heller, Janet

    2009-01-01

    One hundred and ninety-one parents attending an urban, community college were surveyed about what topics schools should teach their children about sexuality education, and how they communicate with their child about sexuality topics. The quantitative data was collected using a "School Sexuality Education Questionnaire" (SSEQ), and the "Parenting…

  20. 大学生坚韧人格、归因方式与学习动机%Relationship among Hardiness,Attr ibutional Style and Learning Motivation in College Students

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    刘燊; 杨韵

    2014-01-01

    目的:考察坚韧人格、归因方式与学习动机的关系。方法通过对某师范学院大一至大三180名学生的问卷调查,采用相关分析和回归分析来研究坚韧人格、归因方式及学习动机三者之间的关系。结果①挑战(β=0.235,t=2.573,P<0.05)和韧性(β=-0.196,t=-0.763,P<0.05)直接对能力追求有显著影响,挑战(β=0.202,t=2.746,P<0.01)直接对利他取向有显著影响;②整体性对利他取向(β=0.316,t=3.291,P<0.001)、求知兴趣(β=0.151,t=2.04,P<0.05)有正向的预测作用;③归因方式在大学生坚韧人格对学习动机的影响过程中起到了中介变量的作用。结论①坚韧人格对大学生学习动机有显著影响;②归因方式对学习动机具有良好的预测作用;③在学习动机不强学生的教育过程中,不仅要培养他们坚韧人格的形成,也需要对归因方式进行一些指导和调整。%Objective To examine the relationships among hardiness ,attributional style and learning motivation .Methods A total of 180 participants from three grades were assessed with the Attributional Style Questionnaire ( ASQ) ,Learning Motivation Questionnaire for University Students and Hardiness Scale .And correlation analysis and regression analysis were used to analyze the relationships among hardiness,attributional style and learning motivation .Results ①Challenge( β=0.235,t=2.573,P<00.5 )and toughness(β=-0.196, t=-0.763,P<0.05)had directly significant influences on the pursuit of ability .Challenge(β=0.202,t =2.746,P<0.01)had a di-rectly significant influence on altruistic orientation;②Integrity had a positive prediction on altruistic orientation (β=0.316,t=3.291,P<0.001)and the desire to learn(β=0.151,t=2.04,P<0.05);③The hardiness influenced their learning motivation through the attri-butional style in college students .Conclusion

  1. 大学生童年创伤与网络成瘾的关系:应对方式的中介作用%The Relationship between Childhood Trauma and Internet Addiction among College Students:The Mediating Effect of Coping Styles

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    杨玲; 曹华; 马雪; 耿银凤; 徐景; 付亚楠

    2016-01-01

    以420名大学生为调查对象,采用问卷调查法,探讨了大学生的童年创伤、应对方式与网络成瘾之间的关系及作用机制。结果表明:(1)大学生的网络成瘾比例较高;(2)童年创伤能够显著正向预测大学生网络成瘾,应对方式显著负向预测大学生网络成瘾;(3)应对方式在大学生童年创伤、网络成瘾之间起着部分中介作用。这表明童年创伤既可以直接预测大学生网络成瘾,又可以通过应对方式间接影响网络成瘾。%This study aimed to explore the relationship and mechanism among the childhood trauma, coping styles and the Internet addiction of college students. 420 college students were administered using child psychological abuse and neglect scale, young internet addiction scale and simplified coping style questionnaire. The results demonstrated that the proportion of internet addiction for college students was relatively high. The significant positive predictive role was found between childhood trauma to internet addiction, and there was the significant negative correlations be-tween coping styles to internet addiction. the coping styles played partially mediating role between childhood trauma and Internet addiction. This study suggested that childhood trauma could not only directly influence internet addic-tion for college students, but indirectly impact on internet addiction through coping styles.

  2. The Hunter pulmonary angiography catheter for a brachiocephalic vein approach.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rosen, Galia; Kowalik, Karen J; Ganguli, Suverano; Hunter, David W

    2006-01-01

    The purpose of this work was to describe our experience in performing pulmonary angiography using the Hunter pulmonary catheter, manufactured by Cook, Inc., which is a modified 6F pigtail catheter with a "C-shaped" curve, designed for a brachiocephalic vein approach. One hundred twenty-three patients underwent pulmonary angiograms using the Hunter catheter between August 1997 and January 2002. Operator comments were gathered in 86 (70%) of the cases. The operator was, if possible, the most junior resident on the service. Thirty-nine operators participated in the survey. Efficacy, safety, and ease of use of the catheter were determined by operators' comments and ECG observations during the procedure. Corroborating clinical data were gathered from medical records. In 68 (79%) of the procedures that were commented upon, the operator described insertion into the pulmonary artery (PA) as easy; only 2 (2%) indicated difficulty in accessing the PA. In 41 (63%) of the bilateral angiograms that were commented upon, the operator described accessing the left PA from the right PA as easy; only 6 (9%) rated it as difficult and all were with an older technique in which the catheter was withdrawn to the pulmonary bifurcation without a wire or with only the soft tip of the wire in the pigtail and then rotated to the left main pulmonary artery. Thirty-one of the 41 patients who demonstrated premature ventricular contractions (PVCs) had a previous history of heart disease. Nineteen of the 39 patients who did not have PVCs had a history of heart disease (p = 0.018). The maneuverability and shape of the Hunter catheter make pulmonary angiography an easy procedure, even for operators with minimal experience and limited technical proficiency. PVCs demonstrated a statistically significant correlation with a positive patient history for cardiac disease, rather than being a universal risk.

  3. The Fugue Pattern in The Heart is a Lonely Hunter

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    郭主美

    2013-01-01

    Carson McCullers The Heart is a Lonely Hunter is her representative work. McCullers deploys the skill of fugue pattern through the multi-voices reflected in the characters, tactfully unite the form and content into a whole. By adopting Bakhtin ’s theory of polyphony, this paper aims to analyze the fugue pattern together with its multi-voices in the three parts, namely, the exposition, the development and the return reflected in the novel, which highlights its theme of universal loneliness so impressive-ly.

  4. 高师院校文理科大学生应对方式的比较%Comparative Study on Coping Style between Arts and Science Students in Normal College

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    徐唯

    2015-01-01

    Objective:To compare and study the coping style of arts and science students ,and provide the basis for exploring the law of professional factors influencing coping style .Methods:350 normal col-lege students completed the Coping Style Scale .Results:① Scores of transfer,help,latitude for college students of liberal arts were significantly lower than those of science students ( t=-5.208,-4.358;P<0.01),and scores of escape,depressed,fantasy,retreat and complain latitude were higher than those of science students(t=2.613,2.721,2.184,4.004,4.094;P<0.05);②Scores of transfer,help latitude for college male students of liberal arts were significantly lower than those of science male students ( t=-4.049,-3.892,P<0.01),but there was no significant difference in the other dimensions;Score of trans-fer latitude for college female students of liberal arts was significantly lower than those of science female students(t=-3.267,P<0.01),and score of escape,depressed,fantasy,retreat,and,complain latitude were higher than those of science female students (t=3.861,4.601,4.885,4.708,4.116;P<0.01). Conclusion:The coping style of college students of liberal arts is more positively ,initiatively than science students;Professional factors have different effects on different gender;Strengthening the cultivation of hu-manistic quality can effectively optimize the science students coping style .%目的:对文、理科大学生应对方式进行比较研究,为进一步探讨专业因素影响大学生应对方式的规律提供依据。方法:选取某师范学院大二学生350人,进行大学生应对方式问卷调查。结果:①文科大学生在转移、求助纬度的得分上显著低于理科大学生(t=-5.208,-4.358,P<0.01);在逃避(t=2.613,P<0.01)、压抑(t=2.721, P<0.01)、抱怨(t=2.184,P<0.05)、幻想(t=4.004,P<0.01)、退缩(t=4.094,P<0.01)纬度的得分上显著高于

  5. 父母教养方式对大学生生命价值观影响研究%Study on the correlation between life values and parenting rearing styles among college students

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    刘广勤; 王翠萍

    2012-01-01

    Objective To explore the possible influence of parental rearing styles on life values of college students, and provide the scientific evidence for positive parental rearing style. Methods Totally 500 college students were surveyed with College Students life Values Inventory ( CSLV) and s-EMBU. Results The average scores of the factors of CSLV were as following: love life (4. 60 ±0.53), positive and progressive (3. 79 ±0.55), pessimism and confused (2. 61 ±0. 73) and narrow (2. 59 ±0. 78). The score of love life and positive and progressive was positively correlated with warm of parents ( P < 0. 05 ) , while were significantly negatively correlated with rejection of parents ( P < 0. 05). The scores of pessimism and confused and narrow were significantly positive correlated with rejection of parents, paternal overproteel (P < 0. 05 ) , and negatively correlated with warm of parents. Regression analysis showed that, parental warmth entered the regression equation, provided good forecast ability for positive and progressive of life values (P < 0. 01) , but rejection of parents entered the regression equation, provided good forecast ability for pessimism and confused, narrow of life values (P <0. 01). Conclusion Parental rearing patterns have a closed correlation with life values among college students, and the positive rearing pattern give much more positive powerful influence on positive live value among college students.%目的 探讨父母教养方式对大学生生命价值观的影响.方法 运用大学生生命价值观问卷和简式父母教养方式问卷对500名大学生进行测试.结果 大学生生命价值观各维度得分最高的是珍爱生命(4.60±0.53)分,其次是积极进取(3.79±0.55)分,然后是悲观困惑(2.61±0.73)分,得分最低的是狭隘(2.59±0.78)分,珍爱生命、积极进取生命价值观与父母情感温暖呈正相关(P<0.05),而与父母拒绝呈负相关(P<0.05);悲观困惑、狭隘生命价值观与父母

  6. MBTI and College Students.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Robertson, Jacqueline

    1997-01-01

    Seeks to determine if differences exist in learning styles between developmental "at-risk" college students and college peer-tutors. Finds that through the Myers-Briggs Type Indicator (MBTI), differences existed on the Judging-Perceiving scale. Discusses academic skills related to this scale along with suggestions peer-tutors can use…

  7. 家庭环境和应对方式对大学生自杀意念影响%Effects of family environment and coping style on suicide idea in college students

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    褚成静; 潘艳云; 杨敏; 董树平

    2012-01-01

    Objective To explore effects of family environment and coping style on suicide idea in college students. Methods With randomized sampling ,585 students were investigated with a self-designed questionnaire on suicide idea and self-injury behavior(SIB),Self-Rating Depression Scale(SDS) .Family Environment Scale-Chinese Version(FES-CV) ,and Simplified Coping Style Questionnaire(SCSQ). The data were analyzed with t-test,x2-test,correlation and regression analyses. Results Of the students ,20.9% had suicide idea and 11. 6% had suicidal behaviors. The rates of suicide behavior and SIB in females and the students with suicide idea were significantly higher than those of the controls (P <0. 001). The results exhibited that female( odds ratio[ OR] =2. 391) .negative coping style( OR = 2.796), depression (OR = 1. 071),SIB (OR = 4. 003) ,and with at least one suicidal action (OR =5.492) were risk factors of suicide idea, while cohesion in family (OR =0. 879) may be a protective factor. Conclusion Suicide idea in college students is significantly influenced by gender, depression, family environment,negative coping style,and the experiences of suicidal behavior and self-injury behavior.%目的 探讨家庭环境因素及应对方式对大学生自杀意念的影响.方法 采用随机抽样方法对某城市3所高校不同年级585名学生进行自杀意念、自伤行为、抑郁自评量表以及家庭环境和简明应对方式调查.结果 被调查者中有过自杀意念的占20.9%,5.7%有过≥1次自杀行为;11.6%的大学生有过自伤行为;自杀意念组的女生比例明显高于男生,曾经有过自杀和自伤行为的比例明显高于正常组(P<0.001);多因素逻辑回归分析表明,女生(OR=2.391)、消极应对方式(OR =2.796)、抑郁状态(OR=1.071)、存在自伤行为(OR =4.003)以及有过≥1次自杀行为(OR =5.492)是大学生自杀意念的危险因素,而家庭环境亲密度(OR=0.879)可能是自杀意念的保护性因素

  8. Correlates of Performance in Community Colleges

    Science.gov (United States)

    Fiedler, Fred E.; Gillo, Martin W.

    1974-01-01

    Investigates the relationship of teaching styles, the faculty's perception of college goals, satisfaction, influence over policy issues, and organizational characteristics, and the teaching effectiveness of community college divisions. (Editor/PG)

  9. Solar Energy Development Assistance for Fort Hunter Liggett

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Russo, Bryan J.; Hoffman, Michael G.; Chvala, William D.

    2011-03-30

    Pacific Northwest National Laboratory provided assistance to Fort Hunter Liggett to determine the opportunities for solar energy development on the site. Increasing use of renewable energy is mandated by several executive orders and legislation. Fort Hunter Liggett has many attributes that enhance its suitability for renewable energy development. First, the site is located south of San Francisco in a remote portion of the costal foothills. Brush and forest fires are frequent and often result in power outages, which subsequently impacts the site’s training mission. In addition, the site’s blended electric rate during fiscal year (FY) 2010 was high at 12 ¢/kWh. Lastly, the solar resource is moderately high; the site receives nearly 5.7 kWh/m2/day on a south facing, latitude-tilted surface. In light of these factors, the site is a clear candidate for a solar photovoltaic array. Prior to Pacific Northwest National Laboratory’s (PNNL) involvement, the site secured funding for a 1 megawatt (MW) photovoltaic (PV) array that will also provide shading for site vehicles. To best implement this project, PNNL conducted a site visit and was tasked with providing the site technical guidance and support regarding module selection, array siting, and other ancillary issues.

  10. Medicinal and ethnoveterinary remedies of hunters in Trinidad

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Georges Karla

    2001-11-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background Ethnomedicines are used by hunters for themselves and their hunting dogs in Trinidad. Plants are used for snakebites, scorpion stings, for injuries and mange of dogs and to facilitate hunting success. Results Plants used include Piper hispidum, Pithecelobium unguis-cati, Bauhinia excisa, Bauhinia cumanensis, Cecropia peltata, Aframomum melegueta, Aristolochia rugosa, Aristolochia trilobata, Jatropha curcas, Jatropha gossypifolia, Nicotiana tabacum, Vernonia scorpioides, Petiveria alliacea, Renealmia alpinia, Justicia secunda, Phyllanthus urinaria,Phyllanthus niruri,Momordica charantia, Xiphidium caeruleum, Ottonia ovata, Lepianthes peltata, Capsicum frutescens, Costus scaber, Dendropanax arboreus, Siparuma guianensis, Syngonium podophyllum, Monstera dubia, Solanum species, Eclipta prostrata, Spiranthes acaulis, Croton gossypifolius, Barleria lupulina, Cola nitida, Acrocomia ierensis (tentative ID. Conclusion Plant use is based on odour, and plant morphological characteristics and is embedded in a complex cultural context based on indigenous Amerindian beliefs. It is suggested that the medicinal plants exerted a physiological action on the hunter or his dog. Some of the plants mentioned contain chemicals that may explain the ethnomedicinal and ethnoveterinary use. For instance some of the plants influence the immune system or are effective against internal and external parasites. Plant baths may contribute to the health and well being of the hunting dogs.

  11. Metagenome Sequencing of the Hadza Hunter-Gatherer Gut Microbiota.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rampelli, Simone; Schnorr, Stephanie L; Consolandi, Clarissa; Turroni, Silvia; Severgnini, Marco; Peano, Clelia; Brigidi, Patrizia; Crittenden, Alyssa N; Henry, Amanda G; Candela, Marco

    2015-06-29

    Through human microbiome sequencing, we can better understand how host evolutionary and ontogenetic history is reflected in the microbial function. However, there has been no information on the gut metagenome configuration in hunter-gatherer populations, posing a gap in our knowledge of gut microbiota (GM)-host mutualism arising from a lifestyle that describes over 90% of human evolutionary history. Here, we present the first metagenomic analysis of GM from Hadza hunter-gatherers of Tanzania, showing a unique enrichment in metabolic pathways that aligns with the dietary and environmental factors characteristic of their foraging lifestyle. We found that the Hadza GM is adapted for broad-spectrum carbohydrate metabolism, reflecting the complex polysaccharides in their diet. Furthermore, the Hadza GM is equipped for branched-chain amino acid degradation and aromatic amino acid biosynthesis. Resistome functionality demonstrates the existence of antibiotic resistance genes in a population with little antibiotic exposure, indicating the ubiquitous presence of environmentally derived resistances. Our results demonstrate how the functional specificity of the GM correlates with certain environment and lifestyle factors and how complexity from the exogenous environment can be balanced by endogenous homeostasis. The Hadza gut metagenome structure allows us to appreciate the co-adaptive functional role of the GM in complementing the human physiology, providing a better understanding of the versatility of human life and subsistence. Copyright © 2015 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

  12. Medicinal and ethnoveterinary remedies of hunters in Trinidad.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lans, C; Harper, T; Georges, K; Bridgewater, E

    2001-01-01

    Ethnomedicines are used by hunters for themselves and their hunting dogs in Trinidad. Plants are used for snakebites, scorpion stings, for injuries and mange of dogs and to facilitate hunting success. Plants used include Piper hispidum, Pithecelobium unguis-cati, Bauhinia excisa, Bauhinia cumanensis, Cecropia peltata, Aframomum melegueta, Aristolochia rugosa, Aristolochia trilobata, Jatropha curcas, Jatropha gossypifolia, Nicotiana tabacum, Vernonia scorpioides, Petiveria alliacea, Renealmia alpinia, Justicia secunda, Phyllanthus urinaria,Phyllanthus niruri,Momordica charantia, Xiphidium caeruleum, Ottonia ovata, Lepianthes peltata, Capsicum frutescens, Costus scaber, Dendropanax arboreus, Siparuma guianensis, Syngonium podophyllum, Monstera dubia, Solanum species, Eclipta prostrata, Spiranthes acaulis, Croton gossypifolius, Barleria lupulina, Cola nitida, Acrocomia ierensis (tentative ID). Plant use is based on odour, and plant morphological characteristics and is embedded in a complex cultural context based on indigenous Amerindian beliefs. It is suggested that the medicinal plants exerted a physiological action on the hunter or his dog. Some of the plants mentioned contain chemicals that may explain the ethnomedicinal and ethnoveterinary use. For instance some of the plants influence the immune system or are effective against internal and external parasites. Plant baths may contribute to the health and well being of the hunting dogs.

  13. Kolb学习风格与中国大学生英语/i/-/I/发音的关系%Effects of Learning Styles on Chinese College Students' Production of English/i/-/I/

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    杨小虎

    2011-01-01

    以中国大学生为对象,在对其英语/i/-/I/发音进行声学分析的基础上,从Kolb经验学习模式入手,结合其他相关学习者因素,探讨学习风格与英语/i/-/I/发音的关系.结果显示,中国学生发音表现个体差异较大,其发音水平与学习风格紧密相关:吸收型和发散型学习者表现较好,集中型学习者较差,适应型学习者最差.另外,中国学生发音表现与其英语使用和练习量也有显著正相关,但与英语学习起始年龄和英语教育年限等其他因素都无直接联系.%Existing studies have revealed that a wide variety of learner factors influence the production of L2 speech sounds. These factors include age of L2 learning, length of residence in an L2-speaking country, gender, formal instruction, motivation, language learning aptitude, and amount of native language use. However, little attention has been paid to the cognitive dimensions of individual differences. Meanwhile, most of the studies were conducted in L2 learning contexts. Thus their results should be further examined in FL learning contexts considering the huge differences between these two types of contexts.The current study explored the effects of learning styles on Chinese college students' production of English/I/-/I/ with the impacts of other relevant learner factors taken into consideration, I.e. Age of starting English education, length of English education, use of English, value of improving English pronunciation, and concern for English pronunciation. Eighty three Chinese college students with different learning styles as measured using Kolb's LSI-1985 and a control group of 16 native English speakers read a list of words (beat or bit) in the carrier phrase "I will say_" . The accuracy of their production was assessed through acoustic measurementsregarding their vowel duration, fO, Fl and F2.The results showed that the performance of Chinese college students was highly variable and their accuracy of

  14. Relation of irrational thinking and the Pessimistic Explanatory Style.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ziegler, D J; Hawley, J L

    2001-04-01

    This study investigated the possible relationship between Ellis's construct of irrational thinking and Seligman's construct of explanatory style, with a view toward possibly strengthening the personality theory underlying Rational Emotive Behavior Therapy in particular and cognitive-behavior therapies more generally. In this investigation 180 college students were administered the Survey of Personal Beliefs and the Attributional Style Questionnaire to measure irrational thinking and explanatory style, respectively. Students who scored higher on Pessimistic Explanatory Style also scored higher on Overall Irrational Thinking and on Low Frustration Tolerance than did those who were categorized as having an Optimistic Explanatory Style. This indicates support for Ellis's developing personality theory, especially his theoretical account of depression.

  15. Comparison of learning styles of pharmacy students and faculty members.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Crawford, Stephanie Y; Alhreish, Suhail K; Popovich, Nicholas G

    2012-12-12

    To compare dominant learning styles of pharmacy students and faculty members and between faculty members in different tracks. Gregorc Style Delineator (GSD) and Zubin's Pharmacists' Inventory of Learning Styles (PILS) were administered to students and faculty members at an urban, Midwestern college of pharmacy. Based on responses from 299 students (classes of 2008, 2009, and 2010) and 59 faculty members, GSD styles were concrete sequential (48%), abstract sequential (18%), abstract random (13%), concrete random (13%), and multimodal (8%). With PILS, dominant styles were assimilator (47%) and converger (30%). There were no significant differences between faculty members and student learning styles nor across pharmacy student class years (p>0.05). Learning styles differed between men and women across both instruments (pstyles (p=0.01). Learning styles differed among respondents based on gender and faculty track.

  16. On the Role of Group Psychological Guidance in Promot-ing College Freshmen's Class Learning Style%团体心理辅导对高校新生班级学风的促进作用

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    霍中开

    2016-01-01

    为了探索团体心理辅导对大学新生班级学习氛围与人际氛围的影响作用,本研究通过以班级学风为主题的团体心理辅导,对174名大一新生以班级为单位进行为期三周的实验研究,实验结束后采用自编《班级学习氛围》问卷作为评估指标对实验组与对照组进行比较分析。分析结果发现,实验组班级氛围总分、找到共同学习目标的朋友、时间管理、自发学习活动、专业认识和人际氛围题项的得分高于对照组,且差异具有统计学意义(p<0.05)。统计结果显示,短期的团体心理辅导活动对新生班级学习氛围和人际氛围具有促进作用,文章并进一步就团体辅导对高校新生班级的适用性进行了讨论。%To explore the influence of group psychological guid-ance on college freshmen's class learning atmosphere and inter-personal relationship, this paper, through the group psychological guidance themed by class learning style, carried out a three-week experimental research on 174 college freshmen with class as the unit, and then used the self-made questionnaire of"class learn-ing atmosphere"as the evaluation standard to compare and ana-lyze the experimental group and the control group. It was found in the analysis results that the total score in class atmosphere, the scores in making friends with those who have the same learning objectives, time management, autonomous learning activities, professional understanding and interpersonal relationship of the experimental group are higher than those of the control group, and the difference is of statistical significance ( <0.05). It was indicated in the statistical results that short-term group psycho-logical guidance can promote college freshmen's class learning atmosphere and inter personal relationship. This paper then dis-cussed the adaptability of group guidance in college freshmen's class.

  17. Affective Style, Humor Styles and Happiness

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Thomas E. Ford

    2014-08-01

    Full Text Available The present study examined the relationships between dispositional approach and avoidance motives, humor styles, and happiness. In keeping with previous research, approach motives and the two positive humor styles (self-enhancing and affiliative positively correlated with happiness, whereas avoidance motives and the two negative humor styles (self-defeating and aggressive negatively correlated with happiness. Also, we found support for three new hypotheses. First, approach motives correlated positively with self-enhancing and affiliative humor styles. Second, avoidance motives correlated positively with self-defeating humor style, and third, the positive relationship between approach motives and happiness was mediated by self-enhancing humor style.

  18. 客家籍与潮汕籍大学生消费决策风格比较研究%A Comparative Study of Consumer Decision-making Styles Among College Students of Hakka and Chaoshan Origins

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    侯秋霞; 黄妍珊; 张晓丽

    2013-01-01

      采用Sproles编制的消费者决策风格问卷(CSI)对550名客家籍和潮汕籍大学生的消费决策风格的差异进行探测。结果表明:客家籍与潮汕籍大学生在“新潮时尚”、“忠诚习惯”消费决策风格上存在差异;男女大学生在“品牌导向”、“休闲娱乐”、“新奇趣味”和“价格敏感”等消费决策风格上存在差异;农村和城镇大学生在“新潮时尚”和“重视质量”消费决策风格上存在差异;客家籍和潮汕籍与性别对大学生消费决策风格中“休闲娱乐”的交互作用明显;客家籍和潮汕籍与城乡来源对大学生消费决策风格中“口碑影响”的交互作用明显。%The research adopted 550 college students of Hakka and Chaozhou-Shantou origins and con⁃ducted, analyzed with CSI. And the results indicated what there are differences in consumer decision-making styles of Hakka and Chaozhou-Shantou students . There are differences in“fashion”、“habit”in consumer decision-making styles among students of different origins; there are differences in “brand”、“entertainment”、“novelty” and “price sensitive”among boys and girls; there are differences in“fashion”、“quality consciousness”among urban and rural college students; there are differences in“entertainment”between different genders and regions; there are differences in“public praise”of different family backgrounds and re⁃gions.

  19. Modern day relevance of William Hunter's approach to teaching "The organ of hearing".

    Science.gov (United States)

    Roth, Helena; Smith, Robert A; Mackay, Sarah

    2013-07-01

    William Hunter, a pioneering teacher of Anatomy in the the eighteenth century, championed the use of dissected specimens as aids in the teaching of anatomy. Although Hunter promoted the Paris method of learning Anatomy, by student dissection, he also used prosected material as an adjunct to his lectures. We are fortunate that Hunter bequeathed his extensive collection of over 3,000 museum specimens to the University of Glasgow, many of which are housed in the Laboratory of Human Anatomy in the Thomson Building. Regions such as the temporal bone are frequently difficult for students, and indeed postgraduate trainees in ear nose and throat surgery, to visualize and understand. Hunter overcame this difficulty by producing elegant specimens highlighting the three-dimensional complexity of the area. The current vignette stresses the importance of Hunter in his contemporary setting, but also demonstrates the potential of his approach for current and future teaching programmes in this age of the Internet.

  20. Analysis of heat pumps installed in family housing at Hunter Army Air Field

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Parker, S.A.

    1994-08-01

    The US Army Forces Command (FORSCOM) tasked Pacific Northwest Laboratory (PNL) in support of the US Department of Energy (DOE) Federal Energy Management Program (FEMP) to conduct a postconstruction evaluation of the air-source heat pumps installed in family housing at Hunter Army Air Field (AAF). The objective of this project was to investigate and resolve concerns about an increase in energy costs at Hunter AAF following the installation of heat pumps in November 1992. After completing several analyses and a field inspection of the heat pumps in family housing at Hunter AAF, the following conclusions were made: the installation of air-source heat pumps reduced the annual energy cost in family housing by $46,672 in 1993; the heat pump thermostat controls in Hunter AAF family housing appear to be incorrectly installed; and the Hunter AAF electric utility bill increased 10% during the first 6 months of 1993 compared to the first 6 months of 1992.

  1. Legitimization of regulatory norms: Waterfowl hunter acceptance of changing duck bag limits

    Science.gov (United States)

    Schroeder, Susan A.; Fulton, David C.; Lawrence, Jeffrey S.; Cordts, Steven D.

    2014-01-01

    Few studies have examined response to regulatory change over time, or addressed hunter attitudes about changes in hunting bag limits. This article explores Minnesota waterfowl hunters’ attitudes about duck bag limits, examining attitudes about two state duck bag limits that were initially more restrictive than the maximum set by the U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service (USFWS), but then increased to match federal limits. Results are from four mail surveys that examined attitudes about bag limits over time. Following two bag limit increases, a greater proportion of hunters rated the new bag limit “too high” and a smaller proportion rated it “too low.” Several years following the first bag limit increase, the proportion of hunters who indicated that the limit was “too high” had declined, suggesting hunter acceptance of the new regulation. Results suggest that waterfowl bag limits may represent legal norms that influence hunter attitudes and gain legitimacy over time.

  2. 以学生为中心视角下的高职院校的学风建设--对比香港高校为例%On the Construction of Learning Styles in Higher Voca-tional Colleges from the Student-centered Perspective:A Case Study on the Comparison with Hong Kong Universi-ties

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    许婷婷

    2014-01-01

    本文就以高职院校为研究对象,以学生为中心为指导思想,对比香港高校的学风建设经验,探究内地高职院校以学生为中心的学风建设之路。%With higher vocational colleges as the research objec-tive, student-centered idea as the guiding ideology, in contrast to the experience of learning style construction in Hong Kong uni-versities, this paper explored the construction of learning styles in mainland higher vocational colleges from the student-centered perspective.

  3. A study on the strategies of promoting the construction of excellent style of study by academic guidance in colleges and universities%高校学业辅导促进优良学风建设的策略探究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张新

    2016-01-01

    In recent years, the problem of the construction of style of study has become one of the hot topics of the university and the society, how to promote the excellent construction of style of study in colleges and universities, serve college students’ life and study, to enable students to adapt to college life has become the focus of colleges and universities. According to the present situation of the students' style of study, for example, to carry out academic counseling and explore the approaches to the construction of excellent style of study, trying to create students' good learning environment, help the students growth and success.%近年来,学风建设问题已成为高校和社会的热门话题之一,如何促进各大高校优良的学风建设,更加服务于大学生的学习和生活,使学生能够更加适应大学生活已成为各大高校重点探究问题。依据目前学生的学风现状为例,有针对性的开展学业辅导并探究优良的学风建设途径,竭力营造学生优良的学习生活环境,让学生成长成才高校教育的重要举措。

  4. 75 FR 21663 - Maysteel, LLC Including On-Site Leased Workers From Staff One, Badger Tech, Boyd Hunter, Seek...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-26

    ... Tech, Boyd Hunter, Seek, QPS, and Service First, Menomonee Falls, WI; Amended Certification Regarding..., including on-site leased workers from Staff One, Badger Tech, Boyd Hunter, Seek, and QPS, Menomonee Falls... Maysteel, LLC, including on-site leased workers from Staff One, Badger Tech, Boyd Hunter, Seek, QPS,...

  5. Hunter standoff killer team (HSKT) ground and flight test results

    Science.gov (United States)

    Moreland, Balinda; Ennis, Mark; Yeates, Robert; Condon, Timothy

    2007-04-01

    Since the inception of powered flight, manned aerial vehicles have been a force multiplier on the battlefield. With the emergence of new technology, the structure of the military battlefield is changing. One such technology, the Unmanned Aerial Vehicle (UAV) has emerged as a valuable asset for today's war fighter. UAVs have traditionally been operated by ground control stations, yet minimum research has been targeted towards UAV connectivity. Airborne Manned Unmanned System Technology Baseline (AMUST-Baseline) was a concept that demonstrated the battlefield synergy gained by Manned and Unmanned Vehicle teaming. AMUST-Baseline allowed an Apache Longbow's (AH-64D) co-pilot gunner (CPG) to have Level IV control of a Hunter fixed wing UAV. Level IV control of a UAV includes payload control, flight control and direct data receipt. With the success of AMUST-Baseline, AATD, Lockheed Martin, Northrop Grumman, and the Boeing Company worked towards enhanced Manned and Unmanned connectivity through a technology investment agreement. This effort named Airborne Manned Unmanned System Technology Demonstration (AMUST-D) focused on the connectivity between two manned platforms, Apache Longbow (AH-64D) and Command and Control (C2) Blackhawk, and Hunter UAV. It allows robust communication from the UAV to each platform through the Tactical Common Data Link (TCDL). AMUST-D used decision aiding technology developed under the Rotorcraft Pilots Associate (RPA) Advanced Technology Demonstration (ATD) as to assist in control of the Hunter UAV, as well as assist the pilot in regularly performed duties. Through the use of decision aiding and UAV control, the pilot and commander were better informed of potential threats and targets, thus increasing his situational awareness. The potential benefits of improved situational awareness are increased pilot survivability, increased lethality, and increased operational effectiveness. Two products were developed under the AMUST-D program, the

  6. Attribution Style of Students of Tennis Major in Colleges and Universities%高校网球专修学生归因方式的研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    刘冉; 杨玉林

    2012-01-01

    In this paper, T test, analysis of variance, multiple comparisons are used to analyze the 180 students with different sexes and training period of tennis major in Tianjin Institute of Physical Education and Xi'an Institute of Physical Education. Through the analysis the paper understands the attribution characteristics of current students specializing in tennis, and discusses the relationship between the attribution style and different sex and training period.%本文采用T检验、方差分析、多重比较对天津体育学院以及西安体育学院共180名网球专修学生进行不同性别、不同训练年限的分析.了解目前高校网球专修学生的归因特点,探讨高校网球专修学生归因方式在不同性别、不同训练年限之间的关系.

  7. Relationship between 470 College Students'Love Pressure and Parenting Style%470名大学生恋爱压力与家庭教养方式的相关性

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    陆晓花

    2016-01-01

    Objective:To investigate the relationship between love pressure and parenting style and provide refer-ence for university students'mental health education.Methods:This study used questionnaire to investigate 470 col-lege students'love pressure,analyzed differences of love pressure in parenting style,parents'accompany and child-hood living conditions,and did correlation analysis of each dimension of parenting style dimensions and college students'love pressure.Results:Democratic and non-democratic education of college students'love pressure was sig-nificant difference(t = 2.94,P < 0.01 )in the dimension of family stress.Childhood happiness and misfortune of students'love pressure was significantly different in the companion pressure(t =-2.1 1,P <0.05),heterosexual pres-sure(t =-3.6,P <0.01),academic stress(t =-2.86,P <0.01)and family pressure(t =-2.41,P <0.05).The total score of love pressure,six dimensions of love pressure with father severe punishment,excessive interference,refusal deni-al,over- protection were positively correlated(P < 0.05 ).The total point of love pressure,six dimensions of love pressure with mother severe punishment,rejection and denial were positively correlated(P <0.05).The total point of love pressure,partner pressure,heterosexual pressure,lovelorn related pressure,family pressure and mother overly interference,over-protection were positively correlated(r =0.1 74,0.184,0.137,0.220,0.1 55;P <0.01).Conclusion:Students'love pressure is closely related to their parenting styles.Based on the perspective of the parenting styles, stratified intervention should be conducted.%目的::探讨大学生恋爱压力与家庭教养方式的相关,为大学生心理健康教育工作提供参考。方法:本研究采用问卷调查法对470名大学生的恋爱压力状况进行了调查,分析了恋爱压力在父母管教方式、父母陪伴情况、童年生活状况等变量上的差异,并将家庭教养方式各维度与大学生恋爱压力

  8. Cognitive Style of the Independent College Students and Its Influence on Learning Strategies --Take Beihai College of Beihang University for Example%独立学院学生的认知风格及其对学习策略的影响——以北航北海学院为例

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    詹慧芳; 周梅

    2012-01-01

    Statistic data about approximately 800 students in Beihai College show there are more students who are wholist, ran- dom and closure-- oriented in cognitive style than those who are analytic, sequential and open. They also show those who have different cognitive styles appear to have different preference for learning strategies. The analytic, sequential and open are more likely to adopt various learning strategies than others. They also have differences in applying some specific learning strategies.%从整体型和分析型、随机型和有序型、封闭型和开放型六类认知风格角度对北航北海学院近800名学生进行认知问卷调查,并同时进行学习策略问卷调查,结果发现,整体型学生多于分析型,随机型多于有序型,封闭型多于开放型;随机型倾向最为明显。分析型比整体型、有序型比随机型、开放型比封闭型学生更倾向采用学习策略;不同认知风格的学生在具体学习策略的使用上也存在差异。

  9. Survey of college students'mental health and the relation to its coping styles%大学生心理健康现状调查及应对方式的研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2015-01-01

    Objective By investigating the status of the college students'mental health of Shangluo University, and studying the mental health status and characteristics,we aimed to explore the relationship between psychological health and its coping style,and further to reveal the mental health predictability.Methods A questionnaire survey was conducted by easy coping style questionnaire and the symptom checklist to 300 college students in Shangluo U-niversity.Results 1)Overall level of psychological health of liberal arts students was better than students of sci-ence,and the scores of enforcing on,somatization,anxiety,hostility,fear factor score were less than science students'(P <0.05);2)The scores of female college students'depression,anxiety and phobic were higher than male students (P <0.05);3)Students from rural areas in the compulsion,depression,psychosis factor scored higher than students from the citys(P <0.05);4)The only child scored less in the sensitivity and depression than non-only child(P <0. 05);5)Positive coping and symptom rating scale scores and factor scores were significantly negatively correlated, while negative coping and symptom rating scale total score and factor scores showed a significant positive correlation (P <0.01);6)Coping styles showed some predictive power with mental health.Conclusion There existed signifi-cant differences on mental health in subject characteristics,gender,origin of students,the only child or not and other demographic variables.Coping style was an important factor affecting the mental health of college students.%目的:对商洛学院大学生心理健康的现状进行调查,研究大学生心理健康的现状及特点,探讨大学生心理健康与应对方式的相关关系,进一步揭示应对方式对心理健康的预测性。方法采用症状自评量表和简易应对方式问卷对商洛学院300名在校大学生进行问卷调查。结果1)文科生的心理健康总体水平高于理科生,并且

  10. Food Sharing among Hadza Hunter-Gatherer Children.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Crittenden, Alyssa N; Zes, David A

    2015-01-01

    Human prosociality is one of the defining characteristics of our species, yet the ontogeny of altruistic behavior remains poorly understood. The evolution of widespread food sharing in humans helped shape cooperation, family formation, life history, language, and the development of economies of scale. While the behavioral and ecological correlates of food sharing among adults are widely studied, very little is known about food sharing among children. Here, in the first study to analyze the food sharing patterns of hunter-gatherer children, we show that while sharing may be biased towards kin, reciprocity characterizes the majority of all sharing dyads, both related and unrelated. These data lend support to the recent claim that discrimination among kin might be linked with reciprocal altruism theory. Furthermore, we show that age positively correlates with an increase in sharing, both in frequency and amount, supporting recent suggestions that prosocial behaviors and egalitarianism develop strongly in middle childhood when children acquire the normative rules of their society.

  11. Visual Analysis of Biological Activity Data with Scaffold Hunter.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Klein, Karsten; Koch, Oliver; Kriege, Nils; Mutzel, Petra; Schäfer, Till

    2013-12-01

    The growing interest in chemogenomics approaches over the last years has led to an increasing amount of data regarding chemical and the corresponding biological activity space. The resulting data, collected in either in-house or public databases, need to be analyzed efficiently to speed-up the increasingly difficult task of drug discovery. Unfortunately, the discovery of new chemical entities or new targets for known drugs ('drug repurposing') is not suitable to a fully automated analysis or a simple drill down process. Visual interactive interfaces that allow to explore chemical space in a systematic manner and facilitate analytical reasoning can help to overcome these problems. Scaffold Hunter is a tool for the visual analysis of chemical compound databases that provides integrated visualization and analysis of biological activity data and fosters the interactive exploration of data imported from a variety of sources. We describe the features and illustrate the use by means of an exemplary analysis workflow.

  12. Costs and benefits in hunter-gatherer punishment.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Boehm, Christopher

    2012-02-01

    Hunter-gatherer punishment involves costs and benefits to individuals and groups, but the costs do not necessarily fit with the assumptions made in models that consider punishment to be altruistic--which brings in the free-rider problem and the problem of second-order free-riders. In this commentary, I present foragers' capital punishment patterns ethnographically, in the interest of establishing whether such punishment is likely to be costly; and I suggest that in many cases abstentions from punishment that might be taken as defections by free-riders are actually caused by social-structural considerations rather than being an effect of free-rider genes. This presentation of data supplements the ethnographic analysis provided by Guala.

  13. Interrelationships Among Five Cognitive Style Tests, Student Characteristics, and Achievement.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Thompson, Patricia; And Others

    Using college freshmen enrolled in a learning analysis course, the relationship between five tests of cognitive style was investigated: (1) Group Embedded Figures Test; (2) Grasha-Riechmann Student Learning Style Questionnaire; (3) Adult Nowicki-Strickland Locus of Control Scale; (4) Mehrabian Stimulus Screening Test; and (5) Kolb Learning Style…

  14. Student Music Teachers' Learning Styles in Theoretical and Practical Situations

    Science.gov (United States)

    Calissendorff, Maria

    2015-01-01

    This study analyzes and compares the results of a survey and an interview investigation concerning the learning styles of 32 student music teachers at The University College of Music Education (SMI) in Sweden. The students' learning style preferences were examined through a productivity environmental preference survey (PEPS), a computer-based…

  15. Student Music Teachers' Learning Styles in Theoretical and Practical Situations

    Science.gov (United States)

    Calissendorff, Maria

    2015-01-01

    This study analyzes and compares the results of a survey and an interview investigation concerning the learning styles of 32 student music teachers at The University College of Music Education (SMI) in Sweden. The students' learning style preferences were examined through a productivity environmental preference survey (PEPS), a computer-based…

  16. Decision-Making Styles and Vocational Maturity: An Alternative Perspective.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Blustein, David L.

    1987-01-01

    Examined the relationship between decision-making styles and vocational maturity with a focus on the current discrepancy between research and theory regarding the utility of rational decision making. Results were consistent across 177 community college students, in that a reliance upon the rational style was the only significant decision-making…

  17. Attributional Style of the Lonely and the Depressed.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Anderson, Craig A.; And Others

    Attribution theory suggests that attributional styles may contribute to the motivational and performance deficits frequently observed in depressed and lonely populations. An Attributional Style Assessment Test (ASAT) was created and administered to college students, along with the Beck Depression Inventory and the UCLA Loneliness Scale.…

  18. Practical Approaches to Using Learning Styles in Higher Education.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Dunn, Rita, Ed.; Griggs, Shirley A., Ed.

    The focus of this collection of essays is on new approaches to teaching in higher education. Selections are organized in five sections; the first section focuses on learning styles, while the remaining sections focus on applications in various academic disciplines. The chapters include: (1) "Capitalizing on College Students' Learning Styles:…

  19. Correlation between mental health and sports life style of vocational college students%高职大学生体育生活方式与心理健康的研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    侯海燕; 谈群林

    2011-01-01

    Selecting the students coming from Jiangmen Vocational and Technical College as object, the paper surveys the constitution of their mental health and sports life style through the method of questionnaire and so on in order to comprehend it and explore their relationship. The results showed that: vocational college students are in poor mental health, there was asignificant difference in factors of sports lifestyle and mental health such as gender, grade, source areas and so on; sports lifestyle was highly correlated with the construction of mental health in general. It suggests that vocational college should consider the reality of students physical life and promote the formation of a good sports lifestyle in order to enhance the healthy development of their physical and mental health.%摘要:本研究以高职大学生为对象,采用问卷法访谈法等对其体育生活方式及心理健康进行调查,以了解高职大学生体育生活方式与心理健康状况,探讨其体育生活方式与心理健康的关系。结果表明:高职大学生的心理健康状况不佳;体育生活方式与心理健康状况的一些因子在性别、年级、来源地域等方面存在显著差异;体育生活方式与心理健康状况在总体上高度相关。建议学院从学生的体育生活实际出发,促进学生良好体育生活方式的养成,以增进其身心的健康发展。

  20. A Study on Relationship Between Perceptual Learning Styles and Reading Strategies of English Learners in Vocational Colleges%高职英语学习者感知学习风格与阅读策略的关系研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    陈艳

    2012-01-01

    The study investigates the perceptual learning style preferences and reading strategies of 188 non-English majors from vocational college with the questionnaire of perceptual learning style preferences adapted from PLSP(Joy Reid 1984) and reading strategies questionnaires adapted from SILL(Oxford 1990).Results show that individual and kinesthetic or tactile styles are their major perceptual learning styles while group style is the minor one;strategies of compensation,cognitive and memory are the most frequently used reading strategies while metacognitive and social strategies are the least used.The results suggest that there are significant correlations between perceptual learning styles and reading strategies,and that each style has corresponding strategies and affects the selection and use of strategies.%文章通过Joy Reid(1984)的感知学习风格问卷(PLSP)和基于Oxford(1990)语言学习策略问卷(SILL)改编的阅读策略问卷对非英语专业188名高职英语学习者的感知学习风格和阅读策略进行调查,并分析受试群体的感知风格与阅读策略的特点及两者的相关性。研究结果显示:高职学习者最倾向使用独立和动手、体验风格而少用小组风格,最常用补偿、认知和记忆策略而少用元认知和社会策略;感知风格与阅读策略多处显著相关,每种风格都有其对应的策略,风格影响策略的选择和使用。

  1. The Bayesian image retrieval system, PicHunter: theory, implementation, and psychophysical experiments.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cox, I J; Miller, M L; Minka, T P; Papathomas, T V; Yianilos, P N

    2000-01-01

    This paper presents the theory, design principles, implementation and performance results of PicHunter, a prototype content-based image retrieval (CBIR) system. In addition, this document presents the rationale, design and results of psychophysical experiments that were conducted to address some key issues that arose during PicHunter's development. The PicHunter project makes four primary contributions to research on CBIR. First, PicHunter represents a simple instance of a general Bayesian framework which we describe for using relevance feedback to direct a search. With an explicit model of what users would do, given the target image they want, PicHunter uses Bayes's rule to predict the target they want, given their actions. This is done via a probability distribution over possible image targets, rather than by refining a query. Second, an entropy-minimizing display algorithm is described that attempts to maximize the information obtained from a user at each iteration of the search. Third, PicHunter makes use of hidden annotation rather than a possibly inaccurate/inconsistent annotation structure that the user must learn and make queries in. Finally, PicHunter introduces two experimental paradigms to quantitatively evaluate the performance of the system, and psychophysical experiments are presented that support the theoretical claims.

  2. Influence of Age and Educational Level on the Behavior of Hunters in Vojvodina Province (Serbia

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Vladimir Marković

    2011-07-01

    Full Text Available Education as an important factor in the development of economy has a major impact on the development of hunting and hunting tourism. In this research, it has conducted a survey of hunters from the territory of Vojvodina Province regarding their attitude and motives for hunting, importance of education, importance of GIS in hunting, poaching as well as their level of hunting ethics. Using SPSS program, it was cross-referenced the individual responses in relation to age category and level of education. The results show that the youngest hunters (18 to 35 years compared to middle age hunters (35-59 years and old hunters (over 60 visit hunting events more, they are the most informed about GIS and they are most willing to learn about these technologies. The number of hunters that took part in the poaching is proportional with their level of education, so that most hunters that participate in poaching hold a university degree. However, hunters holding a university degree in the highest percentage believe that GIS can contribute to the development of hunting largely, and are willing to participate in training.

  3. Orthopedic manifestations in patients with muco­polysaccharidosis type II (Hunter syndrome enrolled in the Hunter Outcome Survey

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Bianca Link

    2010-07-01

    Full Text Available Mucopolysaccharidosis type II (MPS II or Hunter syndrome is a rare, inherited disorder caused by deficiency of the lysosomal enzyme iduronate-2-sulfatase. As a result of this deficiency, glycosaminoglycans accumulate in lysosomes in many tissues, leading to progressive multisystemic disease. The cardiopulmonary and neurological problems associated with MPS II have received considerable attention. Orthopedic manifestations are common but not as well characterized. This study aimed to characterize the prevalence and severity of orthopedic manifestations of MPS II and to determine the relationship of these signs and symptoms with cardiovascular, pulmonary and central nervous system involvement. Orthopedic manifestations of MPS II were studied using cross-sectional data from the Hunter Outcome Survey (HOS. The HOS is a global, physician-led, multicenter observational database that collects information on the natural history of MPS II and the long-term safety and effectiveness of enzyme replacement therapy. As of January 2009, the HOS contained baseline data on joint range of motion in 124 males with MPS II. In total, 79% of patients had skeletal manifestations (median onset, 3.5 years and 25% had abnormal gait (median onset, 5.4 years. Joint range of motion was restricted for all joints assessed (elbow, shoulder, hip, knee and ankle. Extension was the most severely affected movement: the exception to this was the shoulder. Surgery for orthopedic problems was rare. The presence of orthopedic manifestations was associated with the presence of central nervous system and pulmonary involvement, but not so clearly with cardiovascular involvement. Orthopedic interventions should be considered on an individual-patient basis. Although some orthopedic manifestations associated with MPS II may be managed routinely, a good knowledge of other concurrent organ system involvement is essential. A multidisciplinary approach is required.

  4. Survery on nutritional status and daily life style of college students in Xiangxi area%湘西地区大学生营养状况与日常生活方式调查

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张福兰; 张天成

    2012-01-01

    Objective To understand the nutritional status and its' relationship with life style of college students in Xiangxi area. The reference is provided for the improvement of college students' nutritional status in minority area. Methods By the method of layered and random sampling, questionnaire survey was taken to college students who had taken part in physique test before and nutritional level of students estimated by the method of Height with Standard Weight Results The malnutrition detecting rate of boy students was 9. 86% , the rate of girl students was 6. 76% , the difference between boys and girls was statistically significant (x2 =9.3,2, P < 0.01) ; the obesity rate of boys was 9.34% , the rate of girls was 1.08% , the difference was statistically significant (x2 =118.82, P<0.01). The nutritional status of college students who had different attitude to school physical education (x2 = 129.79), exercises time (x2 = 119. 66) in leisure, dietary behavior and sleeping hours ( x2 = 102.93) was distinctly different (P < 0. 01). The utritional status of students whose attitude were fond and active to physical exercises were obviously better than ones whose attitude were dislike and inactive ; the obesity rate of students who have no exercise time in leisure was highest (5. 61% ); the underweight and obesity rate of students who have unhealthy dietary behavior were all higher than ones who have healthy dietary behavior; the malnutrition rate of students whose sleeping hours were beyond nine hours was highest (11. 92% ). Conclusion Malnutrition and over nutrition were existed meanwhile for college students' nutrition in Xiangxi area. College students should combined healthy life style with scientific physical exercise.%目的 了解湘西地区大学生营养状况,并探讨日常生活方式与其营养状况的关系.方法 随机抽取参加体质测试的大学生进行问卷调查,采用身高标准体重法评价学生营养状况.结果 湘西地区男

  5. Effectiveness and Attractiveness as a Function of Communicator Style in Triads.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Schroeder, Anthony B.

    The purpose of this research was to determine how interactive style influences effectiveness and interpersonal attraction in groups. After college student volunteers completed the Communicator Style Measure (CSM), 72 subjects were selected from three style profiles and assigned to triads that contained high, mid, and low communication style…

  6. Exploring Cultural Effects on Teaching Styles of Chinese and American Professors

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zhan, Ginny Q.; Moodie, Douglas R.; Wang, Bailing

    2015-01-01

    The current study examines cultural effects on college professors' teaching styles. Ninety-four Chinese university instructors participated in the study. A 40-item teaching style inventory was used in the study. The responses were compared with American professors' teaching styles reported by Grasha (2006). Results show that the Chinese…

  7. Symmetry Reduction and Group Invariant Solutions of Hunter-Saxton Equations%Hunter-Saxton方程的对称约化与群不变解

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    檀美英; 胡恒春

    2016-01-01

    借助符号计算软件Maple,根据微分方程单参数不变群和群不变解的概念,利用李群对称的待定系数法,得到Hunter-Saxton方程的包含5个任意常数和一个任意函数的一般形式的对称.通过该对称中任意的函数和常数的不同选取,将Hunter-Saxton方程约化为不同形式的常微分方程.最后对约化后的常微分方程进行变换求解,进一步得出Hunter-Saxton方程的一些群不变解和精确解.

  8. Assessing the Main-Belt Comet Population with Comet Hunters

    Science.gov (United States)

    Schwamb, Megan E.; Hsieh, Henry H.; Zhang, Zhi-Wei; Chen, Ying-Tung; Lintott, Chris; Wang, Shiang-Yu; Mishra, Ishan

    2017-01-01

    Cometary activity in the asteroid belt is a recent discovery. Evidence suggests recent collisions play a role excavating subsurface water ice in these Main Belt Comets (MBCs). MBCs may be an alternative source of Earth’s water. The properties and origins of the MBCs remain elusive. To date ~15 MBCs are known, but only with many tens to 100s of MBCs can we fully explore this new reservoir and its implications for the early Earth.Automated routines identify cometary objects by comparing the point spread functions (PSFs) of moving objects to background stars. This approach may miss cometary activity with low-level dust comae or trails that are too weak or extended to affect an object's near-nucleus PSF profile. Direct visual inspection of moving objects by survey team members can often catch such unusual objects, but such an approach is impractical for the largest surveys to date, and will only become more intractable with the next generation wide-field surveys.With the Internet, tens of thousands of people can be engaged in the scientific process. With this citizen science approach, the combined assessment of many non-experts often equals or rivals that of a trained expert and in many cases outperforms automated algorithms. The Comet Hunters (http://www.comethunters.org) project enlists the public to search for MBCs in data from the Hyper Suprime-Cam (HSC) wide survey. HSC is to date the largest field-of-view camera (covering a 1.5 degree diameter circle on sky) on a 8-10-m class telescope. The HSC wide survey provides the sensitivity to detect cometary activity at lower levels than have been possible for previous surveys.We will give an overview of the Comet Hunters project. We will present the results from the first ~10,000 HSC asteroids searched and provide an estimate on the frequency of cometary activity in the Main Asteroid beltAcknowledgements: This work uses data generated via the Zooniverse.org platform, development of which was supported by a Global

  9. Integrability and Solutions of the (2 + 1)-dimensional Hunter-Saxton Equation

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cai, Hong-Liu; Qu, Chang-Zheng

    2016-04-01

    In this paper, the (2 + 1)-dimensional Hunter-Saxton equation is proposed and studied. It is shown that the (2 + 1)-dimensional Hunter-Saxton equation can be transformed to the Calogero-Bogoyavlenskii-Schiff equation by reciprocal transformations. Based on the Lax-pair of the Calogero-Bogoyavlenskii-Schiff equation, a non-isospectral Lax-pair of the (2 + 1)-dimensional Hunter-Saxton equation is derived. In addition, exact singular solutions with a finite number of corners are obtained. Furthermore, the (2 + 1)-dimensional μ-Hunter-Saxton equation is presented, and its exact peaked traveling wave solutions are derived. Supported by National Natural Science Foundation of China under Grant No. 11471174 and NSF of Ningbo under Grant No. 2014A610018

  10. Wetted channel and bar features for Hunter Creek, Oregon in 1965

    Data.gov (United States)

    U.S. Geological Survey, Department of the Interior — Hunter Creek is an unregulated system that drains 115 square kilometers of southwestern Oregon before flowing into the Pacific Ocean south of the town of Gold Beach,...

  11. Wetted channel and bar features for Hunter Creek, Oregon in 2005

    Data.gov (United States)

    U.S. Geological Survey, Department of the Interior — Hunter Creek is an unregulated system that drains 115 square kilometers of southwestern Oregon before flowing into the Pacific Ocean south of the town of Gold Beach,...

  12. Hunter Harvest and Effort North Mississippi Refuges Complex 2001-2014

    Data.gov (United States)

    US Fish and Wildlife Service, Department of the Interior — Reports contains summarized yearly harvest of game species on Coldwater River, Dahomey, and Tallahatchie NWRs and the total hunter effort based on daily use cards...

  13. Wetted channel and bar features for Hunter Creek, Oregon in 1940

    Data.gov (United States)

    U.S. Geological Survey, Department of the Interior — Hunter Creek is an unregulated system that drains 115 square kilometers of southwestern Oregon before flowing into the Pacific Ocean south of the town of Gold Beach,...

  14. Wetted channel and bar features for Hunter Creek, Oregon in 2009

    Data.gov (United States)

    U.S. Geological Survey, Department of the Interior — Hunter Creek is an unregulated system that drains 115 square kilometers of southwestern Oregon before flowing into the Pacific Ocean south of the town of Gold Beach,...

  15. RelationShip Between Parenting Styles,Attachment and Ego-identity of College Students%大学生自我同一性与父母教养方式、依恋的关系

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李新利; 凌辉; 刘静

    2011-01-01

    Objective: To explore the relationship between parenting styles, attachment and ego-identity of college students.Methods: 320 college students in Hunan province were randomly selected and assessed with the RQ, ECR, PBI and EOM-EIS-2.Results: ①There were significant gender differences and grade differences in ego-identity; ②The achievement status of ego-identity was negatively correlated with attachment avoidance; ③The foreclosure status of ego-identity was positively correlated with attachment anxiety, while negatively correlated with mother care; ④The moratorium status of ego-identity had positive correlation with attachment anxiety; ⑤The diffusion status of ego-identity was positively correlated with attachment avoidance and attachment anxiety; ⑥Stepwise regression analysis showed that attachment avoidance and father encouragement of independence were significant predictors of the achievement status of ego-identity;father control and attachment anxiety were significant predictors of the foreclosure status of ego-identity; attachment anxiety and father control were significant predictors of the moratorium status of ego-identity; father control, attachment avoidance and attachment anxiety were significant predictors of the diffusion status of ego-identity.Conclusion: Generally, father parenting styles and attachment play an important role for the achievement status of ego-identity.%目的:探讨大学生自我同一性与父母教养方式、依恋的关系.方法:采用自我同一性状态客观性测量问卷、父母教养方式量表(PBI)修订版、亲密关系经历调查表(ECR)、关系问卷(RQ),随机抽取湖南两所综合性大学的320名大学生作为被试,对他们进行问卷调查.结果:①大学生自我同一性存在性别差异和年级差异,不存在城乡差异;②自我同一性的获得与依恋回避呈显著负相关;③自我同一性的早闭与依恋焦虑呈显著正相关;④自我同一性延缓与依恋焦虑呈

  16. Research on the Influence of Unhealthy Life Style on College Students' Health and Countermeasures%不良生活方式对高校学生健康影响及对策研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    杨隽

    2012-01-01

    通过文献资料、问卷调查、数理统计等方法,对980名南京高等院校学生的生活方式现状进行了研究。结果表明:大多数被调查学生有着良好的日常生活习惯和方式,但也有相当比例的学生有抽烟、喝酒、膳食结构不合理、营养行为较差、入睡太晚、上网时间过长、运动时间缺乏等不良的习惯。并提出了相应的建议。旨在为学生形成健康的生活方式、健康教育等提供科学的依据。%Through literature,questionnaire survey,mathematical statistics method,the paper researches the current situation of 980 Nanjing college students' life style.These results show that: most students have a good daily habits and ways of life,but there also is a considerable proportion of students with smoking,drinking,with irrational diet structure,poor nutrition behavior,and sleeping too late or spending too much time on the Internet,movement time of bad habits.And this paper also puts forward the corresponding proposal designed for students to form a healthy lifestyle,health education and provide scientific basis.

  17. 弱耗散μ-Hunter-Saxton 方程的爆破%Blow-up of a weakly dissipative μ-Hunter-Saxton equation

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    吕红杰; 刘静静; 齐静; 刘硕

    2015-01-01

    研究了弱耗散μ-Hunter-Saxton 方程 Caucly 问题的爆破现象。给出了一个新的爆破结果,推导出爆破强解精确的爆破率。%We study the Cauchy problem of the weakly dissipative μ-Hunter-Saxton equation.The present work is main-ly concerned with blow-up phenomena of the equation.We first present a new blow-up result for strong solutions to the equation.Then,we drive the precise blow-up rate for strong solutions to the equation.

  18. Evaluating cost-efficiency and accuracy of hunter harvest survey designs

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lukacs, P.M.; Gude, J.A.; Russell, R.E.; Ackerman, B.B.

    2011-01-01

    Effective management of harvested wildlife often requires accurate estimates of the number of animals harvested annually by hunters. A variety of techniques exist to obtain harvest data, such as hunter surveys, check stations, mandatory reporting requirements, and voluntary reporting of harvest. Agencies responsible for managing harvested wildlife such as deer (Odocoileus spp.), elk (Cervus elaphus), and pronghorn (Antilocapra americana) are challenged with balancing the cost of data collection versus the value of the information obtained. We compared precision, bias, and relative cost of several common strategies, including hunter self-reporting and random sampling, for estimating hunter harvest using a realistic set of simulations. Self-reporting with a follow-up survey of hunters who did not report produces the best estimate of harvest in terms of precision and bias, but it is also, by far, the most expensive technique. Self-reporting with no followup survey risks very large bias in harvest estimates, and the cost increases with increased response rate. Probability-based sampling provides a substantial cost savings, though accuracy can be affected by nonresponse bias. We recommend stratified random sampling with a calibration estimator used to reweight the sample based on the proportions of hunters responding in each covariate category as the best option for balancing cost and accuracy. ?? 2011 The Wildlife Society.

  19. Portrait of a Geothermal Spring, Hunter's Hot Springs, Oregon.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Castenholz, Richard W

    2015-01-27

    Although alkaline Hunter's Hot Springs in southeastern Oregon has been studied extensively for over 40 years, most of these studies and the subsequent publications were before the advent of molecular methods. However, there are many field observations and laboratory experiments that reveal the major aspects of the phototrophic species composition within various physical and chemical gradients of these springs. Relatively constant temperature boundaries demark the upper boundary of the unicellular cyanobacterium, Synechococcus at 73-74 °C (the world-wide upper limit for photosynthesis), and 68-70 °C the upper limit for Chloroflexus. The upper limit for the cover of the filamentous cyanobacterium, Geitlerinema (Oscillatoria) is at 54-55 °C, and the in situ lower limit at 47-48 °C for all three of these phototrophs due to the upper temperature limit for the grazing ostracod, Thermopsis. The in situ upper limit for the cyanobacteria Pleurocapsa and Calothrix is at ~47-48 °C, which are more grazer-resistant and grazer dependent. All of these demarcations are easily visible in the field. In addition, there is a biosulfide production in some sections of the springs that have a large impact on the microbiology. Most of the temperature and chemical limits have been explained by field and laboratory experiments.

  20. Food Sharing among Hadza Hunter-Gatherer Children.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Alyssa N Crittenden

    Full Text Available Human prosociality is one of the defining characteristics of our species, yet the ontogeny of altruistic behavior remains poorly understood. The evolution of widespread food sharing in humans helped shape cooperation, family formation, life history, language, and the development of economies of scale. While the behavioral and ecological correlates of food sharing among adults are widely studied, very little is known about food sharing among children. Here, in the first study to analyze the food sharing patterns of hunter-gatherer children, we show that while sharing may be biased towards kin, reciprocity characterizes the majority of all sharing dyads, both related and unrelated. These data lend support to the recent claim that discrimination among kin might be linked with reciprocal altruism theory. Furthermore, we show that age positively correlates with an increase in sharing, both in frequency and amount, supporting recent suggestions that prosocial behaviors and egalitarianism develop strongly in middle childhood when children acquire the normative rules of their society.

  1. Genetic and cultural kinship among the Lamaleran whale hunters.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Alvard, Michael

    2011-07-01

    The human ability to form large, coordinated groups is among our most impressive social adaptations. Larger groups facilitate synergistic economies of scale for cooperative breeding, such economic tasks as group hunting, and success in conflict with other groups. In many organisms, genetic relationships provide the structure for sociality to evolve via the process of kin selection, and this is the case, to a certain extent, for humans. But assortment by genetic affiliation is not the only mechanism that can bring people together. Affinity based on symbolically mediated and socially constructed identity, or cultural kinship, structures much of human ultrasociality. This paper examines how genetic kinship and two kinds of cultural kinship--affinal kinship and descent--structure the network of cooperating whale hunters in the village of Lamalera, Indonesia. Social network analyses show that each mechanism of assortment produces characteristic networks of different sizes, each more or less conducive to the task of hunting whales. Assortment via close genetic kin relationships (r = 0.5) produces a smaller, denser network. Assortment via less-close kin relations (r = 0.125) produces a larger but less dense network. Affinal networks are small and diffuse; lineage networks are larger, discrete, and very dense. The roles that genetic and cultural kinship play for structuring human sociality is discussed in the context of these results.

  2. Adaptive memory: fitness relevance and the hunter-gatherer mind.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Nairne, James S; Pandeirada, Josefa N S; Gregory, Karie J; Van Arsdall, Joshua E

    2009-06-01

    Recent studies suggest that human memory systems are "tuned" to remember information that is processed in terms of its fitness value. When people are asked to rate the relevance of words to a survival scenario, performance on subsequent surprise memory tests exceeds that obtained after most other known encoding techniques. The present experiments explored this effect using survival scenarios designed to mimic the division of labor thought to characterize early hunter-gatherer societies. It has been suggested that males and females have different cognitive specializations due to the unique survival tasks (hunting and gathering, respectively) they typically performed during periods of human evolution; the present experiments tested whether such specializations might be apparent in memory for words rated for relevance to these activities. Males and females were asked to rate the relevance of random words to prototypical hunting and gathering scenarios or to matched, non-fitness-relevant control scenarios (gathering food on a scavenger hunt or in a hunting contest). Surprise retention tests revealed superior memory for the words when they were rated for relevance to hunting and gathering scenarios, compared with when they were rated for relevance to the control scenarios, but no sex differences were found in memory performance.

  3. Conservation laws and symmetries of Hunter-Saxton equation: revisited

    Science.gov (United States)

    Tian, Kai; Liu, Q. P.

    2016-03-01

    Through a reciprocal transformation {{T}0} induced by the conservation law {{\\partial}t}≤ft(ux2\\right)={{\\partial}x}≤ft(2uux2\\right) , the Hunter-Saxton (HS) equation {{u}xt}=2u{{u}2x}+ux2 is shown to possess conserved densities involving arbitrary smooth functions, which have their roots in infinitesimal symmetries of {{w}t}={{w}2} , the counterpart of the HS equation under {{T}0} . Hierarchies of commuting symmetries of the HS equation are studied under appropriate changes of variables initiated by {{T}0} , and two of these are linearized while the other is identical to the hierarchy of commuting symmetries admitted by the potential modified Korteweg-de Vries equation. A fifth order symmetry of the HS equation is endowed with a sixth order hereditary recursion operator, which is proved to have a bi-Hamiltonian factorization, by its connection with the Fordy-Gibbons equation. These results reveal the origin for the rich and remarkable structures of the HS equation and partially answer the questions raised by Wang (2010 Nonlinearity 23 2009).

  4. Rabbit hunter uveitis: case report of tularemia uveitis.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Terrada, Céline; Azza, Said; Bodaghi, Bahram; Le Hoang, Phuc; Drancourt, Michel

    2016-09-01

    Literature reports on ophthalmological manifestations related to tularemia, a zoonose caused by the bacterium Francisella tularensis, largely refer to Parinaud's oculoglandular syndrome, which consists of the association of conjunctivitis with preauricular lymphadenitis. In this paper, we report a case of intraocular inflammation during tularemia infection. A 52-year-old Caucasian man was diagnosed with unilateral uveitis. The uveitis was posterior, with a 2+ vitritis and a large yellowish lesion involving the macula with an overlying sub-retinal detachment, extending inferiorly, and subretinal hemorrhages. Fluorescein angiography showed a late hyperfluorescence with focal vascular leakage. Ultrasound biomicroscopy confirmed the presence of a 3.8 mm parietal granuloma with a few calcifications in the left eye. While extensive work-up eliminated any other infectious and non-infectious etiology, tularemia was diagnosed by advanced serology consisting of two-dimensional Western-immunoblotting. The patient, a hunter, recalled having killed rabbits in the days before the symptoms appeared. Uveitis was rapidly controlled following treatment with doxycycline, yet three years after initiation of the treatment, the patient still complained of loss of vision in the left eye with a central scotoma. Posterior uveitis may be an infrequent manifestation of tularemia infection, and therefore this infection should be considered in the differential diagnosis of intraocular inflammation in areas where F. tularensis is endemic.

  5. Objective styles in northern field science.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kochan, Jeff

    2015-08-01

    Social studies of science have often treated natural field sites as extensions of the laboratory. But this overlooks the unique specificities of field sites. While lab sites are usually private spaces with carefully controlled borders, field sites are more typically public spaces with fluid boundaries and diverse inhabitants. Field scientists must therefore often adapt their work to the demands and interests of local agents. I propose to address the difference between lab and field in sociological terms, as a difference in style. A field style treats epistemic alterity as a resource rather than an obstacle for objective knowledge production. A sociological stylistics of the field should thus explain how objective science can co-exist with radical conceptual difference. I discuss examples from the Canadian North, focussing on collaborations between state wildlife biologists and managers, on the one hand, and local Aboriginal Elders and hunters, on the other. I argue that a sociological stylistics of the field can help us to better understand how radically diverse agents may collaborate across cultures in the successful production of reliable natural knowledge. Copyright © 2015 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

  6. 父母养育方式与大学生性别角色特质期待的相关性%Correlation between Parenting Styles and College Students'Expectations of Gender Role Traits

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王成功; 陈彩燕; 刘世超; 魏知超

    2014-01-01

    Objective To explore the relationship between parenting styles and college students 'expectations of gender role traits . Methods Using EMBU and self-designed gender role traits expectations questionnaire to test 192 college students .Results ①There were significant gender differences in the traits of self -gender role expectations except selfless ,honest,tolerant,thrifty(P<0.05 or P<0.001);so were also in heterosexual sex role expectations ,in addition to the kind,careful,thoughtful,selfless,selfless,honest,realistic, tolerant,talkative(P<0.001).②There were significantly different between male and female college students in father emotional warmth (t=-2.077,P<0.05),mother emotional warmth(t=-2.567,P<0.05),father overprotection(t=2.216,P<0.05),as well as rural and urban areas in father favored subject (t=-2.280,P<0.05)and mother favored subjects (t=-2.077,P<0.05).③In self-gender role traits expectations,mother refusal disaffirm was negatively correlated with careful ,thoughtful,kind,motivated,honest;Father favored was negatively correlated with careful and gentle .④In heterosexual sex gender role traits expectations ,parents'refusal disaffirm were sig-nificantly negative correlated with kindness ,motivated,honest,athletic,gentle,tolerant,considerate;Parents'emotional warmth demonstra-ted a significantly positive correlation with bravely and athletic .Conclusion Parenting styles has effect on college students'expectations of gender role traits .%目的:探究父母养育方式与大学生性别角色特质期待的关系。方法采用父母养育方式量表( EMBU)和自编性别角色特质期待问卷,对192名大学生进行研究。结果①男女大学生对自我性别角色特质期待除无私、真诚、宽容、勤俭外,其余特质差异显著( P<0.05或P<0.001);异性性别角色期待中除善良、细心、体贴、无私、真诚、现实、宽容、健谈外,其余特质差异显著(P<0.001);②男女大

  7. Style in Music

    Science.gov (United States)

    Dannenberg, Roger B.

    Because music is not objectively descriptive or representational, the subjective qualities of music seem to be most important. Style is one of the most salient qualities of music, and in fact most descriptions of music refer to some aspect of musical style. Style in music can refer to historical periods, composers, performers, sonic texture, emotion, and genre. In recent years, many aspects of music style have been studied from the standpoint of automation: How can musical style be recognized and synthesized? An introduction to musical style describes ways in which style is characterized by composers and music theorists. Examples are then given where musical style is the focal point for computer models of music analysis and music generation.

  8. Authoritarian and homophobic attitudes: gender and adult attachment style differences.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gormley, Barbara; Lopez, Frederick G

    2010-01-01

    This study explored the relations of gender and adult attachment styles to college students' scores on several measures of authoritarian attitudes (e.g., right-wing authoritarianism, ethnocentrism, homophobia, and religious fundamentalism). A multivariate analysis of authoritarian attitudes yielded significant main and interaction effects involving students' gender and their (categorical) attachment style scores. Relative to women, men reported higher levels of homophobia, ethnocentrism, and right-wing authoritarianism. Gender differences in homophobia were additionally conditioned by participants' adult attachment styles: Men with dismissing styles evidenced the highest levels of homophobia, whereas women with dismissing styles demonstrated the lowest levels; that is, a fear of intimacy seemed to contribute to homophobic attitudes found among heterosexual men. This was the first U.S. study of the relationship between adult attachment styles and right-wing authoritarianism, and further investigation is warranted.

  9. ESPRESSO: the ultimate rocky exoplanets hunter for the VLT

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mégevand, Denis; Zerbi, Filippo M.; Cabral, Alexandre; Di Marcantonio, Paolo; Amate, Manuel; Pepe, Francesco; Cristiani, Stefano; Rebolo, Rafael; Santos, Nuno C.; Dekker, Hans; Abreu, Manuel; Affolter, Michael; Avila, Gerardo; Baldini, Veronica; Bristow, Paul; Broeg, Christopher; Carvas, Pedro; Cirami, Roberto; Coelho, João.; Comari, Maurizio; Conconi, Paolo; Coretti, Igor; Cupani, Guido; D'Odorico, Valentina; De Caprio, Vincenzo; Delabre, Bernard; Figueira, Pedro; Fleury, Michel; Fragoso, Ana; Genolet, Ludovic; Gomes, Ricardo; Gonzalez Hernandez, Jonay; Hughes, Ian; Iwert, Olaf; Kerber, Florian; Landoni, Marco; Lima, Jorge; Lizon, Jean-Louis; Lovis, Christophe; Maire, Charles; Mannetta, Marco; Martins, Carlos; Moitinho, André; Molaro, Paolo; Monteiro, Manuel; Rasilla, José Luis; Riva, Marco; Santana Tschudi, Samuel; Santin, Paolo; Sosnowska, Danuta; Sousa, Sergio; Spanò, Paolo; Tenegi, Fabio; Toso, Giorgio; Vanzella, Eros; Viel, Matteo; Zapatero Osorio, Maria Rosa

    2012-09-01

    ESPRESSO, the VLT rocky exoplanets hunter, will combine the efficiency of modern echelle spectrograph with extreme radial-velocity precision. It will be installed at Paranal on ESO's VLT in order to achieve a gain of two magnitudes with respect to its predecessor HARPS, and the instrumental radial-velocity precision will be improved to reach 10 cm/s level. We have constituted a Consortium of astronomical research institutes to fund, design and build ESPRESSO on behalf of and in collaboration with ESO, the European Southern Observatory. The project has passed the preliminary design review in November 2011. The spectrograph will be installed at the so-called "Combined Coudé Laboratory" of the VLT, it will be linked to the four 8.2 meters Unit Telescopes (UT) through four optical "Coudé trains" and will be operated either with a single telescope or with up to four UTs. In exchange of the major financial and human effort the building Consortium will be awarded with guaranteed observing time (GTO), which will be invested in a common scientific program. Thanks to its characteristics and the ability of combining incoherently the light of 4 large telescopes, ESPRESSO will offer new possibilities in many fields of astronomy. Our main scientific objectives are, however, the search and characterization of rocky exoplanets in the habitable zone of quiet, near-by G to M-dwarfs, and the analysis of the variability of fundamental physical constants. In this paper, we present the ambitious scientific objectives, the capabilities of ESPRESSO, the technical solutions for the system and its subsystems, enlightening the main differences between ESPRESSO and its predecessors. The project aspects of this facility are also described, from the consortium and partnership structure to the planning phases and milestones.

  10. Transsulfuration pathway thiols and methylated arginines: the Hunter Community Study.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Arduino A Mangoni

    Full Text Available BACKGROUND: Serum homocysteine, when studied singly, has been reported to be positively associated both with the endogenous nitric oxide synthase inhibitor asymmetric dimethylarginine [ADMA, via inhibition of dimethylarginine dimethylaminohydrolase (DDAH activity] and with symmetric dimethylarginine (SDMA. We investigated combined associations between transsulfuration pathway thiols, including homocysteine, and serum ADMA and SDMA concentrations at population level. METHODS: Data on clinical and demographic characteristics, medication exposure, C-reactive protein, serum ADMA and SDMA (LC-MS/MS, and thiols (homocysteine, cysteine, taurine, glutamylcysteine, total glutathione, and cysteinylglycine; capillary electrophoresis were collected from a sample of the Hunter Community Study on human ageing [n = 498, median age (IQR = 64 (60-70 years]. RESULTS: REGRESSION ANALYSIS SHOWED THAT: a age (P = 0.001, gender (P = 0.03, lower estimated glomerular filtration rate (eGFR, P = 0.08, body mass index (P = 0.008, treatment with beta-blockers (P = 0.03, homocysteine (P = 0.02, and glutamylcysteine (P = 0.003 were independently associated with higher ADMA concentrations; and b age (P = 0.001, absence of diabetes (P = 0.001, lower body mass index (P = 0.01, lower eGFR (P<0.001, cysteine (P = 0.007, and glutamylcysteine (P < 0.001 were independently associated with higher SDMA concentrations. No significant associations were observed between methylated arginines and either glutathione or taurine concentrations. CONCLUSIONS: After adjusting for clinical, demographic, biochemical, and pharmacological confounders the combined assessment of transsulfuration pathway thiols shows that glutamylcysteine has the strongest and positive independent associations with ADMA and SDMA. Whether this reflects a direct effect of glutamylcysteine on DDAH activity (for ADMA and/or cationic amino acid transport requires further investigations.

  11. The Effects of Changing Sea Ice on Marine Mammals and Their Hunters in Northern Alaska

    Science.gov (United States)

    Huntington, H.; Quakenbush, L.; Nelson, M.

    2015-12-01

    Marine mammals are important sources of food for indigenous residents of northern Alaska. Changing sea ice patterns affect the animals themselves as well as access by hunters. Documenting the traditional knowledge of Iñupiaq and Yupik hunters concerning marine mammals and sea ice makes accessible a wide range of information and insight relevant to ecological understanding, conservation action, and the regulation of human activity. We interviewed hunters in villages from northern Bering Sea to the Beaufort Sea, focusing on bowhead whales, walrus, and ice seals. Hunters reported extensive changes in sea ice, with resulting effects on the timing of marine mammal migrations, the distribution and behavior of the animals, and the efficacy of certain hunting methods, for example the difficulty of finding ice thick enough to support a bowhead whale for butchering. At the same time, hunters acknowledged impacts and potential impacts from changing technology such as more powerful outboard engines and from industrial activity such as shipping and oil and gas development. Hunters have been able to adapt to some changes, for example by hunting bowhead whales in fall as well as spring on St. Lawrence Island, or by focusing their hunt in a shorter period in Nuiqsut to accommodate work schedules and worse weather. Other changes, such as reduced availability of ice seals due to rapid retreat of pack ice after spring break-up, continue to defy easy responses. Continued environmental changes, increased disturbance from human activity, and the introduction of new regulations for hunting may further challenge the ability of hunters to provide food as they have done to date, though innovation and flexibility may also provide new sources of adaptation.

  12. Targeting hunter distribution based on host resource selection and kill sites to manage disease risk.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Dugal, Cherie J; van Beest, Floris M; Vander Wal, Eric; Brook, Ryan K

    2013-10-01

    Endemic and emerging diseases are rarely uniform in their spatial distribution or prevalence among cohorts of wildlife. Spatial models that quantify risk-driven differences in resource selection and hunter mortality of animals at fine spatial scales can assist disease management by identifying high-risk areas and individuals. We used resource selection functions (RSFs) and selection ratios (SRs) to quantify sex- and age-specific resource selection patterns of collared (n = 67) and hunter-killed (n = 796) nonmigratory elk (Cervus canadensis manitobensis) during the hunting season between 2002 and 2012, in southwestern Manitoba, Canada. Distance to protected area was the most important covariate influencing resource selection and hunter-kill sites of elk (AICw = 1.00). Collared adult males (which are most likely to be infected with bovine tuberculosis (Mycobacterium bovis) and chronic wasting disease) rarely selected for sites outside of parks during the hunting season in contrast to adult females and juvenile males. The RSFs showed selection by adult females and juvenile males to be negatively associated with landscape-level forest cover, high road density, and water cover, whereas hunter-kill sites of these cohorts were positively associated with landscape-level forest cover and increasing distance to streams and negatively associated with high road density. Local-level forest was positively associated with collared animal locations and hunter-kill sites; however, selection was stronger for collared juvenile males and hunter-killed adult females. In instances where disease infects a metapopulation and eradication is infeasible, a principle goal of management is to limit the spread of disease among infected animals. We map high-risk areas that are regularly used by potentially infectious hosts but currently underrepresented in the distribution of kill sites. We present a novel application of widely available data to target hunter distribution based on host resource

  13. Open-cut coal mining in Australia's Hunter Valley: Sustainability and the industry's economic, ecological and social implications

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Drew Cottle

    2014-09-01

    Full Text Available This article questions the sustainability of open-cut coal mining in the Hunter Valley region of Australia. The issue of sustainability is examined in relation to the economic, ecological and social implications of the Hunter Valley’s open-cut coal mining industry. The article demonstrates that critical social and ecological ramifications have been overshadowed by the open-cut coal mining industry’s importance to the economy of the Hunter region and of New South Wales.

  14. Medicine and music: a note on John Hunter (1728-93) and Joseph Haydn (1732-1809).

    Science.gov (United States)

    Fu, Louis

    2010-05-01

    Joseph Haydn was a central figure in the development and growth of the European classical musical tradition in its transition from the Baroque period. John Hunter as the Founder of Scientific Surgery was a dominant figure in 18th-century British medical science. Anne Hunter née Home (1742-1821) was in her own right a figure of some eminence in the literary circles of 18th-century London. Attracted to the burgeoning medical and musical scenes of London, John Hunter married Anne Home and became a famous surgeon; Haydn became acquainted with the Hunters. The people, the opportunities and the circumstances had coincided.

  15. Starlink Document Styles

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lawden, M. D.

    This document describes the various styles which are recommended for Starlink documents. It also explains how to use the templates which are provided by Starlink to help authors create documents in a standard style. This paper is concerned mainly with conveying the ``look and feel" of the various styles of Starlink document rather than describing the technical details of how to produce them. Other Starlink papers give recommendations for the detailed aspects of document production, design, layout, and typography. The only style that is likely to be used by most Starlink authors is the Standard style.

  16. The Effect of Explanatory Style and Flexibility on Relationship between Vocational College Freshmen’ Adaptation and Well-Being%高职新生适应与幸福感:解释风格及灵活性的作用﹡

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    温娟娟

    2015-01-01

    Objective: To explore the relation of adaptation to well-being, and the effect of explanatory style and flexibility. Methods: 10587 vocational college freshmen of 2012 and 2013 grade were randomly selected and completed a battery of structured questionnaires, including the China College Student Adjustment Scale(CCSAS), Index of well-being(IWB)and Attributional Style Questionnaire—Revised (ASQ-R). Results: Vocational college freshmen’s adaptation was positively correlated with well-being; The explanatory style and flexibility were positively correlated with adaptation and well-being; The explanatory style factor were positively correlated with explanatory flexibility factor(r=.099, P <.05). The moderating effect of explanatory flexibility on the association between adaptation and well-being was significant. Significant partial mediation of explanatory style and flexibility on the association between adaptation and well-being were revealed, and the mediating effects were accounted for 34.33% and 21.30% of total effect. Conclusion: The explanatory style and flexibility were closely related adaptation and well-being. The explanatory style and flexibility could help enhance vocational college freshmen’s well-being by enhancing their adaptation ability. The explanatory flexibility could help to enhance the positive effect of adaptation on well-being.%目的:探讨解释风格及灵活性与高职新生适应和幸福感的关系,为高职新生适应教育提供依据。方法:采取方便取样法,抽取河南某高职院校2012级和2013级共10587名新生进行中国大学生适应量表(CCSAS)、幸福感指数量表(IWB)和归因风格问卷——修订版(ASQ-R)测验。结果:高职新生适应与幸福感呈显著正相关;解释风格及解释灵活性与适应和幸福感呈显著正相关;解释风格与解释灵活性相对独立,呈低度正相关。调节效应检验表明,解释灵活性在适应和幸福感间存在

  17. 女大学毕业生的择业焦虑与应对方式及心理资本的关系%The relationships between coping style, psychological capital and vocational selection anxiety in the female college graduates

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    罗艳红; 成荷萍; 蔡太生; 陈贵

    2015-01-01

    目的 探讨女大学毕业生的择业焦虑与应对方式及心理资本的关系.方法 330名女大学毕业生完成了简易应对方式问卷、心理资本量表和大学生择业焦虑量表测评.结果 相关分析表明除自我效能、积极应对方式与担忧就业前景相关不显著外(r=-0.08 ~ 0.05,P>0.05),心理资本和应对方式各维度与择业焦虑的各维度都显著相关(r=-0.44~-0.13,r=0.21~ 0.28,P<0.01);回归分析表明消极应对、坚韧性、希望和积极应对都可直接预测择业焦虑;心理资本在积极应对方式预测择业焦虑时起完全中介作用.结论 应对方式和心理资本对女大学毕业生的择业焦虑密切相关,采用合适的应对方式,提高心理能力,可以有效降低择业焦虑.%Objective To examine the relationship of coping style,psychological capital and vocational selection anxiety for female college graduates.Methods A sample of 330 female college graduates filled out measures for the simplified coping styles questionnaire (SCSQ),Psychological Capital Questionnaire (PCQ) and vocational selection anxiety Questionnaire(VSAQ).Results Correlation analysis showed that except the self-efficacy and positive coping style collected with concerns about job prospects was not significant (r=-0.08-0.05,P>0.05),each dimensions of PCQ and SCSQ significantly correlated with the each dimensions of VSAQ (r=-0.44--0.13 or r=0.21-0.28,P<0.01).Regression analysis showed that negative coping style,resilience,hope and positive coping style could directly predict vocational selection anxiety.Psychological capital were the mediators between positive coping styles and vocational selection anxiety.Conclusion Coping styles and psychological capital are closely related to the female college graduates' vocational selection anxiety,using appropriate coping styles and improving mental ability can effectively reduce vocational selection anxiety.

  18. Anterior Hypopituitarism and Treatment Response in Hunter Syndrome: A Comparison of Two Patients

    Science.gov (United States)

    Luca, Paola; Wei, Xing-Chang; Khan, Aneal

    2016-01-01

    Hypopituitarism is a clinically important diagnosis and has not previously been reported in Hunter syndrome. We contrast two cases with anatomic pituitary anomalies: one with anterior panhypopituitarism and the other with intact pituitary function. Patient 1, a 10-year-old boy with Hunter syndrome, was evaluated for poor growth and an ectopic posterior pituitary gland. Endocrine testing revealed growth hormone (GH) deficiency, secondary adrenal insufficiency, and tertiary hypothyroidism. An improvement in growth velocity with hormone replacement (GH, thyroxine, and corticosteroid) was seen; however, final adult height remained compromised. Patient 2, a 13-year-old male with Hunter syndrome, was evaluated for growth failure. He had a large empty sella turcica with posteriorly displaced pituitary. Functional endocrine testing was normal and a trial of GH-treatment yielded no significant effect. Panhypopituitarism associated with pituitary anomalies has not been previously reported in Hunter syndrome and was an incidental finding of significant clinical importance. In the setting of documented anterior hypopituitarism, while hormone replacement improved growth velocity, final height remained impaired. In patient 2 with equivocal GH-testing results, treatment had no effect on linear growth. These cases highlight the importance of careful clinical assessment in Hunter syndrome and that judicious hormone replacement may be indicated in individual cases. PMID:28018694

  19. Applications of resilience theory in management of a moose-hunter system in Alaska

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Casey L. Brown

    2015-03-01

    Full Text Available We investigated wildfire-related effects on a slow ecological variable, i.e., forage production, and fast social-ecological variables, i.e., seasonal harvest rates, hunter access, and forage offtake, in a moose-hunter system in interior Alaska. In a 1994 burn, average forage production increased slightly (5% between 2007 and 2013; however, the proportional removal across all sites declined significantly (10%. This suggests that moose are not utilizing the burn as much as they have in the past and that, as the burn has aged, the apparent habitat quality has declined. Areas with a greater proportion of accessible burned area supported both high numbers of hunters and harvested moose. Our results suggest that evaluating ecological variables in conjunction with social variables can provide managers with information to forecast management scenarios. We recommend that wildlife managers monitor fast variables frequently, e.g., annually, to adapt and keep their management responsive as resources fluctuate; whereas slower variables, which require less frequent monitoring, should be actively incorporated into long-term management strategies. Climate-driven increases in wildfire extent and severity and economically driven demographic changes are likely to increase both moose density and hunting pressure. However, the future resilience of this moose-hunter system will depend on integrated management of wildfire, hunter access, and harvest opportunities.

  20. DBD-Hunter: a knowledge-based method for the prediction of DNA-protein interactions.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gao, Mu; Skolnick, Jeffrey

    2008-07-01

    The structures of DNA-protein complexes have illuminated the diversity of DNA-protein binding mechanisms shown by different protein families. This lack of generality could pose a great challenge for predicting DNA-protein interactions. To address this issue, we have developed a knowledge-based method, DNA-binding Domain Hunter (DBD-Hunter), for identifying DNA-binding proteins and associated binding sites. The method combines structural comparison and the evaluation of a statistical potential, which we derive to describe interactions between DNA base pairs and protein residues. We demonstrate that DBD-Hunter is an accurate method for predicting DNA-binding function of proteins, and that DNA-binding protein residues can be reliably inferred from the corresponding templates if identified. In benchmark tests on approximately 4000 proteins, our method achieved an accuracy of 98% and a precision of 84%, which significantly outperforms three previous methods. We further validate the method on DNA-binding protein structures determined in DNA-free (apo) state. We show that the accuracy of our method is only slightly affected on apo-structures compared to the performance on holo-structures cocrystallized with DNA. Finally, we apply the method to approximately 1700 structural genomics targets and predict that 37 targets with previously unknown function are likely to be DNA-binding proteins. DBD-Hunter is freely available at http://cssb.biology.gatech.edu/skolnick/webservice/DBD-Hunter/.

  1. Future Discounting in Congo Basin Hunter-Gatherers Declines with Socio-Economic Transitions.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Gul Deniz Salali

    Full Text Available Humans have a tendency to discount the future; that is we value small, short-term rewards over larger, long-term rewards. The degree of future discounting, however, changes in response to socio-ecological factors. Here, we study Mbendjele BaYaka hunter-gatherers of northern Congo and their farmer neighbours to investigate adaptations in inter-temporal preferences in humans. We argue that in immediate-return systems, where food storage is absent and egalitarianism is enforced through levelling mechanisms, future discounting is an adaptive strategy to prevent wealth accumulation and the emergence of hierarchies. This ensures food sharing and allows for survival in unpredictable environments where there is risk of an energy shortfall. On the other hand, when food storage is made possible by the emergence of agriculture or as seen in some delayed-return hunter-gatherer populations, wealth accumulation, hierarchies and lower discount rates become the adaptive strategy. Therefore, individuals in immediate-return, egalitarian societies will discount the future more than those in non-egalitarian, delayed-return societies. Consistent with the predictions we found that market integration and socio-economic transitions decrease the future discounting in Mbendjele hunter-gatherers. Our measures of socio-economic differences marked this transition in hunter-gatherers living in a logging town. The degree of future-discounting was the same between more market-integrated hunter-gatherers and their farmer neighbours.

  2. Comparing Road-Kill Datasets from Hunters and Citizen Scientists in a Landscape Context

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Florian Heigl

    2016-10-01

    Full Text Available Road traffic has severe effects on animals, especially when road-kills are involved. In many countries, official road-kill data are provided by hunters or police; there are also road-kill observations reported by citizen scientists. The aim of the current study was to test whether road-kill reports by hunters stem from similar landscapes than those reported by citizen scientists. We analysed the surrounding landscapes of 712 road-kill reportings of European hares in the province of Lower Austria. Our data showed that road-killed hares reported both by hunters and citizens are predominantly surrounded by arable land. No difference of hedges and solitary trees could be found between the two datasets. However, significant differences in landcover classes and surrounding road networks indicate that hunters’ and citizen scientists’ data are different. Hunters reported hares from landscapes with significantly higher percentages of arable land, and greater lengths of secondary roads. In contrast, citizens reported hares from landscapes with significantly higher percentages of urban or industrial areas and greater lengths of motorways, primary roads, and residential roads. From this we argue that hunters tend to report data mainly from their hunting areas, whereas citizens report data during their daily routine on the way to/from work. We conclude that a citizen science approach is an important source for road-kill data when used in addition to official data with the aim of obtaining an overview of road-kill events on a landscape scale.

  3. Reducing Lead on the Landscape: Anticipating Hunter Behavior in Absence of a Free Nonlead Ammunition Program.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Loren Chase

    Full Text Available Lead is a neurotoxin that has been documented to affect many forms of wildlife, and has been identified as a limiting factor in a population of California Condors in Northern Arizona. The Arizona Game and Fish Department provides vouchers for free nonlead ammunition to hunters selected to hunt within the distribution of California Condors, with the intention of having fewer lead-laden offal piles available to California Condors. Although wildlife agencies may reasonably assume voucher programs motivate hunters into choosing nonlead ammunition, the lead reduction efforts attributable to the voucher program has not been empirically quantified. Our intention was to compare a control group of hunters to a treatment group of hunters within California Condor occupied areas. Both groups received educational materials regarding the deleterious effects of lead, but the treatment group also received a voucher for a free initial box of ammunition. About half of the control group used nonlead ammunition, compared to about three-fourths of the treatment group. Prominent barriers to adoption of nonlead ammunition included a general difficulty of obtaining it, obtaining it in the desired caliber, and its costliness. Frequently mentioned motivations for using nonlead was the exhortation to use it by the Department, and the desire to aid California Condor recovery by hunters. The disparate compliance rates found herein confirm and quantify the success of nonlead ammunition voucher programs, but underscore the importance of working to increase the supply of nonlead ammunition with the end of facilitating its procurement and reducing its cost.

  4. Anterior Hypopituitarism and Treatment Response in Hunter Syndrome: A Comparison of Two Patients

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Munier A. Nour

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available Hypopituitarism is a clinically important diagnosis and has not previously been reported in Hunter syndrome. We contrast two cases with anatomic pituitary anomalies: one with anterior panhypopituitarism and the other with intact pituitary function. Patient 1, a 10-year-old boy with Hunter syndrome, was evaluated for poor growth and an ectopic posterior pituitary gland. Endocrine testing revealed growth hormone (GH deficiency, secondary adrenal insufficiency, and tertiary hypothyroidism. An improvement in growth velocity with hormone replacement (GH, thyroxine, and corticosteroid was seen; however, final adult height remained compromised. Patient 2, a 13-year-old male with Hunter syndrome, was evaluated for growth failure. He had a large empty sella turcica with posteriorly displaced pituitary. Functional endocrine testing was normal and a trial of GH-treatment yielded no significant effect. Panhypopituitarism associated with pituitary anomalies has not been previously reported in Hunter syndrome and was an incidental finding of significant clinical importance. In the setting of documented anterior hypopituitarism, while hormone replacement improved growth velocity, final height remained impaired. In patient 2 with equivocal GH-testing results, treatment had no effect on linear growth. These cases highlight the importance of careful clinical assessment in Hunter syndrome and that judicious hormone replacement may be indicated in individual cases.

  5. Segmental Researches and Demonstration on College StudentsTourism Market Based on Life Style with Three Universities in Changsha as an Example%基于生活型态的大学生旅游市场细分研究与实证--以长沙市三所高校为例

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    易磊; 龙强军

    2014-01-01

    通过深度访谈和问卷调查的方法,收集基于生活型态的大学生旅游消费行为数据,运用 SPSS软件进行数据处理,对生活型态视角下大学生旅游市场细分开展实证研究。研究表明,运用生活型态的自我肯定、精打细算、时尚享乐、重视社交、独立自主、充实新知和阳光活力七个构面对大学生群体进行市场细分是可行的,利用聚类分析和交叉分析等方法,将大学生旅游市场细分为时尚社交群体、理性精明群体和开朗独立群体三个子市场是可信的,并根据细分市场的消费者特征制定了一般性营销策略和差异化营销策略,为旅游企业开发大学生旅游市场提供理论指导。%Through depth interviews,questionnaire survey,and collection of college students’tour-ist consumption behavior based on life style,and by the application of SPSS data processing software, this paper gives an empirical study on the subdivision of college students’tourist market from the per-spective of life style.The result shows that it is feasible to subdivide college students’tourist market ac-cording to the seven life styles of self affirmation,careful life expenditure,fashionable enj oyment,so-cial communication,self reliance,new knowledge absorbing and vitality.It is credible to divide college student’tourist market into three submarkets of fashion social groups,rational smart groups and inde-pendent groups by using cluster analysis,and then provides a theoretical guidance for the tourist enter-prises to develop college students’tourist market according to general marketing strategy and different marketing strategy.

  6. Planet Hunters: Assessing the Kepler Inventory of Short-period Planets

    Science.gov (United States)

    Schwamb, Megan E.; Lintott, Chris J.; Fischer, Debra A.; Giguere, Matthew J.; Lynn, Stuart; Smith, Arfon M.; Brewer, John M.; Parrish, Michael; Schawinski, Kevin; Simpson, Robert J.

    2012-08-01

    We present the results from a search of data from the first 33.5 days of the Kepler science mission (Quarter 1) for exoplanet transits by the Planet Hunters citizen science project. Planet Hunters enlists members of the general public to visually identify transits in the publicly released Kepler light curves via the World Wide Web. Over 24,000 volunteers reviewed the Kepler Quarter 1 data set. We examine the abundance of >=2 R ⊕ planets on short-period (=4 R ⊕ Planet Hunters >=85% efficient at identifying transit signals for planets with periods less than 15 days for the Kepler sample of target stars. Our high efficiency rate for simulated transits along with recovery of the majority of Kepler >=4 R ⊕ planets suggests that the Kepler inventory of >=4 R ⊕ short-period planets is nearly complete.

  7. Ancient DNA reveals lack of continuity between neolithic hunter-gatherers and contemporary Scandinavians

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Malmström, Helena; Gilbert, M Thomas P; Thomas, Mark G

    2009-01-01

    The driving force behind the transition from a foraging to a farming lifestyle in prehistoric Europe (Neolithization) has been debated for more than a century [1-3]. Of particular interest is whether population replacement or cultural exchange was responsible [3-5]. Scandinavia holds a unique pla......]. Furthermore, our data are consistent with the view that the eastern Baltic represents a genetic refugia for some of the European hunter-gatherer populations....... in this debate, for it maintained one of the last major hunter-gatherer complexes in Neolithic Europe, the Pitted Ware culture [6]. Intriguingly, these late hunter-gatherers existed in parallel to early farmers for more than a millennium before they vanished some 4,000 years ago [7, 8]. The prolonged coexistence...

  8. Zoonotic disease risk and the bushmeat trade: assessing awareness among hunters and traders in Sierra Leone.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Subramanian, Melanie

    2012-12-01

    The bushmeat industry has been a topic of increasing importance among both conservationists and public health officials for its influence on zoonotic disease transmission and animal conservation. While the association between infectious diseases and the bushmeat trade is well established in the research community, risk perception among bushmeat hunters and traders has not been well characterized. I conducted surveys of 123 bushmeat hunters and traders in rural Sierra Leone to investigate hunting practices and awareness of zoonotic disease risk associated with the bushmeat trade. Twenty-four percent of bushmeat hunters and traders reported knowledge of disease transmission from animals to humans. Formal education did not significantly affect awareness of zoonotic disease transmission. Individuals who engaged exclusively in preparation and trading of bushmeat were more likely to accidentally cut themselves compared to those who primarily engaged in bushmeat hunting (P zoonotic pathogens through accidental self-cutting compared to men (P zoonotic disease transmission risk among vulnerable communities.

  9. Clarifying beliefs underlying hunter intentions to support a ban on lead shot

    Science.gov (United States)

    Schroeder, Susan A.; Fulton, David C.; Doncarlos, Kathy

    2016-01-01

    Shot from hunting adds toxic lead to environments worldwide. Existing lead shot regulations have been instituted with little understanding of hunter beliefs and attitudes. This study applied the Theory of Reasoned Action, using a multilevel, multivariate approach, to clarify how positive and negative beliefs relate to attitudes about a ban on lead shot. Structure coefficients and commonality analysis were employed to further examine relationships between beliefs and attitudes. Results suggest that while both positive and negative outcomes influence attitudes, positive outcomes were more influential for supporters and negative beliefs for opposers. Management may need to focus on the results from hunters who indicated that they would be unlikely to support a ban, as these hunters include those who may actively oppose additional efforts to regulate lead.

  10. Ethical acceptability of recreational hunting - does the motive of the hunter matter?

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Gamborg, Christian; Jensen, Frank Søndergaard; Sandøe, Peter

    2016-01-01

    ,001) and hunters (n=1,130) in Denmark. In this survey just under half of the general public indicated that the hunters’ motives affected their attitude to the acceptability of hunting. A significant difference in wildlife value orientations was found between the two groups. Motives relating to nature, the social...... is to assess the extent to which the perceived motive for recreational hunting plays a role in its public acceptance. We also compare public perceptions of the importance of motive with those of hunters. We conducted a nationally representative survey (web-based questionnaires) of the general public (n=1......’, ‘the sport’, ‘the excitement’, and ‘to kill’ to recreational hunting to a much greater degree than the hunters themselves; and these motives were associated with lower assessments of the acceptability of recreational hunting among the public. The mismatch between presumed and professed motives among...

  11. 论学风建设视野下的高校创新人才培养%On the Cultivation of Innovative Talents in Colleges from the Perspective of the Construction of Study Style

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王剑波

    2013-01-01

    The study style is the specific reflect of students' con-ception of learning and the concentrated embodiment of students' outlook on life. A good study style is the guarantee of the cultiva-tion of innovative talents. In order to strengthen the construction of study style and promote the cultivation of innovative talents, we should strengthen the students' main body function to cultivate study style, play the leading role of teachers to drive study style, improve the management system to promote the study style.%  学风是学生学习观的具体反映和人生观的集中体现。良好的学风是高校创新人才培养的重要保障。加强高校学风建设、促进创新人才培养应当做到:强化学生的主体作用,以自觉养成学风;发挥教师的主导作用,以教风带动学风;健全高校的管理制度,以管理促进学风。

  12. Citation Styles For Internet Resources : A Webliography

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    2004-12-01

    Full Text Available A Webliography collects resources about citation Styles For internet resources, it divided by the styles: Chicago University style, MLA style, APA style, ISO style, and some articles about internet resources citation.

  13. Radioiodination and biodistribution of quantum dots using Bolton-Hunter reagent

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Jun Park, Jae [Molecular Imaging Research Center, Korea Institute of Radiological and Medical Sciences (KIRAMS), 215-4 Gongneung-Dong, Nowon-Gu, Seoul 139-706 (Korea, Republic of); Sup Lee, Tae, E-mail: nobelcow@kirams.re.k [Molecular Imaging Research Center, Korea Institute of Radiological and Medical Sciences (KIRAMS), 215-4 Gongneung-Dong, Nowon-Gu, Seoul 139-706 (Korea, Republic of); Hyun Kang, Joo [Molecular Imaging Research Center, Korea Institute of Radiological and Medical Sciences (KIRAMS), 215-4 Gongneung-Dong, Nowon-Gu, Seoul 139-706 (Korea, Republic of); Song, Rita [Nano/Bio Chemistry Group, Institut Pasteur Korea (IP-Korea), Seongnam 463-400 (Korea, Republic of); Jeong Cheon, Gi, E-mail: larry@kirams.re.k [Molecular Imaging Research Center, Korea Institute of Radiological and Medical Sciences (KIRAMS), 215-4 Gongneung-Dong, Nowon-Gu, Seoul 139-706 (Korea, Republic of); Department of Nuclear medicine, Korea Institute of Radiological and Medical Sciences (KIRAMS), 215-4 Gongneung-Dong, Nowon-Gu, Seoul 139-706 (Korea, Republic of)

    2011-01-15

    In this study, the radioiodination and biodistribution of quantum dots (QDs) using Bolton-Hunter reagent were investigated. Radioiodination yield was 33.4{+-}2.0%. Fluorescent intensity of radioiodinated QDs decreased to 75.4% of the maximum prior to radioiodination. In biodistribution and ex vivo fluorescence imaging, radioiodinated QDs were highly accumulated in reticuloendothelial system (liver and spleen) and had low level bone uptakes and slow clearance from body. These results suggest that the radioiodination method of nanoparticles using Bolton-Hunter reagent could be easily used in the biodistribution and quantification of nanoparticles in vivo.

  14. 利用Hunter-Lab色差仪测量彩涂板的色差

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李红军; 陈剑; 王文杰; 曹彦婷

    2006-01-01

    介绍了利用Hunter-Lab色差仪对彩涂板进行色差测量的方法和原理,并对该方法的准确度和精密度进行了分析.结果表明,利用Hunter-Lab色差仪可快速准确的测量彩涂板色差,对彩涂板的生产具有极强的指导意义.

  15. Generic regularity and Lipschitz metric for the Hunter-Saxton type equations

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cai, Hong; Chen, Geng; Shen, Yannan; Tan, Zhong

    2017-01-01

    The Hunter-Saxton equation determines a flow of conservative solutions taking values in the space H1 (R+). However, the solution typically includes finite time gradient blowups, which make the solution flow not continuous w.r.t. the natural H1 distance. The aim of this paper is to first study the generic properties of conservative solutions of some initial boundary value problems to the Hunter-Saxton type equations. Then using these properties, we give a new way to construct a Finsler type metric which renders the flow uniformly Lipschitz continuous on bounded subsets of H1 (R+).

  16. A STUDY OF STUDENTS’ LEARNING STYLES AND EXPERIMENTAL ACTIVITIES

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    1999-01-01

    This article reports a study using a self-reporting questionnaire adapted from Reid (1987) toexamine the preferred learning styles of the students majoring in English in Hubei Three Gorges Univer-sity Humanities’ College,Hubei,China.Based on the results the study generated,activities were createdthat could reflect the students’ learning style preferences.These activities were effective in motivatingour students and developing productive language skills.

  17. Molecular characterization of Histoplasma capsulatum isolated from an outbreak in treasure hunters Histoplasma capsulatum in treasure hunters

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Muñoz Bertha

    2010-09-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background In Mexico, primary pulmonary histoplasmosis is the most relevant clinical form of the disease. The geographical distribution of specific strains of Histoplasma capsulatum circulating in Mexico has not been fully established. Outbreaks must be reported in order to have current, updated information on this disease, identifying new endemic areas, manner of exposure to the fungi, and molecular characterization of the causative agents. We report a recent outbreak of histoplasmosis in treasure hunters and the molecular characterization of two isolates obtained from these patients. Methods Six patients admitted to the National Institute of Respiratory Diseases (INER in Mexico City presented severe respiratory symptoms suggestive of histoplasmosis. They acquired the infection in the Veracruz (VZ endemic zone. Diagnosis was made by X-ray and Computed tomography (CT, liver function, immunological techniques, and culture. Identification of H. capsulatum isolates was confirmed by using Polymerase chain reaction (PCR was conducted with a probe from the M antigen, and the isolates were characterized by means of Random amplification of polymorphic DNA (RAPD-PCR employed the 1253 oligonucleotide and a mixture of oligonucleotides 1281 and 1283. These were compared to eight reference strain isolates from neighboring areas. Results X-ray and CT revealed disseminated micronodular images throughout lung parenchyma, as well as bilateral retrocaval, prevascular, subcarinal, and hilar adenopathies, hepatosplenomegaly, and altered liver function tests. Five of the six patients developed disseminated histoplasmosis. Two H. capsulatum strains were isolated. The same band profile was detected in both strains, indicating that both isolates corresponded to the sole H. capsulatum strain. Molecular characterization of the isolates was similar in 100% with the EH-53 Hidalgo human (HG strain (reference strain integrated into the LAm A clade described for

  18. Hunter-Schmidt Meta-Analysis Paradigm: Its Properties and Applications%Hunter-Schmidt元分析范式:特征和应用

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王拥军; 俞国良

    2010-01-01

    Hunter-Schmidt元分析范式是一种以随机效应模型为基础的比较完备的元分析技术,可以校正效应值的抽样误差、测量误差和全距误差.Hunter-Schmidt元分析范式是应用心理学领域30年来最重要的进展之一,它拓展了心理学的研究方法,开创了校正各种测验误差的方法论研究,激励了心理学家对预测因子的效度概化研究,确认了预测因子和效标之间的水平关系特征和结构关系特征.

  19. Sunday Schools and English Teaching: Re-Reading Ian Hunter and the Emergence of "English" in the United States

    Science.gov (United States)

    Brass, Jory

    2011-01-01

    This article represents an "overdue encounter" with the ideas of Ian Hunter to reconsider the historical emergence and descent of English teaching in the United States. Influenced by Hunter's account of the "pastoral" and "bureaucratic" genealogy of English teaching in England, my historical study documented…

  20. Leadership styles and theories.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Giltinane, Charlotte Louise

    It is useful for healthcare professionals to be able to identify the leadership styles and theories relevant to their nursing practice. Being adept in recognising these styles enables nurses to develop their skills to become better leaders, as well as improving relationships with colleagues and other leaders, who have previously been challenging to work with. This article explores different leadership styles and theories, and explains how they relate to nursing practice.

  1. XML Style Guide

    Science.gov (United States)

    2015-07-01

    TELEMETRY GROUP DOCUMENT 125-15 XML STYLE GUIDE DISTRIBUTION A: APPROVED FOR PUBLIC RELEASE; DISTRIBUTION UNLIMITED...OMB control number. 1. REPORT DATE 01 JUL 2015 2. REPORT TYPE N/A 3. DATES COVERED 4. TITLE AND SUBTITLE XML Style Guide 5a. CONTRACT...standard was prepared by the Data Multiplex Committee of the Telemetry Group, Range Commanders Council. The XML Style Guide defines rules and guidelines

  2. Flyway Habitat Management Unit Project report no. 11: The extent that waterfowl hunting space met the needs of waterfowl hunters in 1965

    Data.gov (United States)

    US Fish and Wildlife Service, Department of the Interior — To determine the adequacy of waterfowl hunting space, it is necessary to compare the number of hunters that space available can support with the number of hunters...

  3. CROSS CULTURAL CONFLICT RESOLUTION STYLES: DATA REVISITED

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Nuray ALAGÖZLÜ

    2017-07-01

    Full Text Available The way conflicts are solved is thought to be culturally learned (Hammer, 2005; therefore, this is reflected through language use. Conflicts, as inevitable parts of communication, naturally mirror cultural differences. Intercultural conflict styles have been studied so far by various researchers. How conflicts are initiated, maintained and escalated or terminated are all culture bound (Leung, 2002 and all the related stages vary from one culture to another. In the related literature, there have been attempts to describe different conflict handling classifications. Using Hammer’s (2005 categorization that was found to be more refined and summative, conflict resolution styles of Turkish and American College students were explored using Discourse Completion Tests (DCT with eight conflict situations where the respondents were required to write verbal solutions to overcome the conflicts described in the test. Those utterances were categorized according to Directness/Indirectness Scale modified from Hammer’s (2005 “International Conflict Style Inventory (ICSI” that classifies intercultural conflict resolution styles as high/low level of directness and high/low level of emotional expressiveness. It is believed that the study provides insight into intercultural communication as there are culturally generalizable (etic and learned patterns of conflict resolution styles pertinent to different cultures (Hammer, 2009, p. 223; Ting-Toomey, 1994.

  4. 大学生依恋类型、亲密关系满意度与抑郁的关系研究%Relationship between Attachment Styles, Satisfaction Degree of Intimate Relationships and Depression of College Students

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    高岚; 王可欣; 陈晨; 周奕欣; 金铃; 周明洁

    2016-01-01

    Objective To explore the relationship between attachment styles, satisfaction degree of intimate relationship and depression of college students.Methods 180 pairs of male and female college students who were in love were selected from 3 universities of Shanghai from March to May in 2015 by convenience sampling method.By questionnaire survey, male and female college students in love were recruited to enroll in the investigation, a total of 360 questionnaires were sent out (180 pairs), 336 were valid questionnaires (168 pairs), and the effective response rate was 93.3%.The revised simple version of Experiences in Close Relationship Scale ( ECR) , Perceived Relationship Quality Components Scale ( PRQC) and Center for Epidemiological Studies Depression Scale ( CES -D ) were adopted to measure the attachment styles, satisfaction degree of intimate relationships and depression respectively.Pearson correlation analysis was used in correlation analysis between different measurement data; unitary linear regression analysis was applied in analyzing influencing factors.Results The scores of boys in attachment anxiety, attachment avoidance, intimacy satisfaction degree, depression scores were (2.5 ±0.7), (2.1 ±0.6), (5.8 ±0.9), and (1.6 ±0.4) respectively, while the scores of girls in the above aspects were (2.6 ±0.7), (2.3 ±0.6), (5.6 ±1.0), (1.6 ±0.4) respectively.There was a linearly negative correlation between boys′scores of attachment anxiety, attachment avoidance and satisfaction scores of their own intimate relationships ( P<0.05 ) , a linear positive correlation was found in attachment anxiety and attachment avoidance scores and their own depression scores ( P <0.05 ) , and there was a linearly negative correlation between satisfaction scores of intimate relationship and their own depression scores ( P <0.05 ) . There was a linearly negative correlation between girls′scores of attachment avoidance and satisfaction scores of intimate relationships (P<0

  5. Influence of Learning Styles on Conceptual Learning of Physics

    Science.gov (United States)

    Marin-Suarez, Teresita; Alarcon, Hugo

    2010-10-01

    Several studies have shown the influence of scientific reasoning on the conceptual learning of students in courses developed with methodologies that promote active learning. Given that learning styles may also influence conceptual learning of physics, a correlacional study was conducted which used two different approaches of learning styles: the Honey-Alonso and Felder-Silverman models. This quantitative study was performed in two groups of students using modeling instruction in a college course of introductory mechanics. The Force and Motion Conceptual Evaluation test (FMCE) was used to assess conceptual learning. The results of this work suggest the dependence of the conceptual learning of physics on the learning styles.

  6. The Dark Side of Humor: DSM-5 Pathological Personality Traits and Humor Styles

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Virgil Zeigler-Hill

    2016-08-01

    Full Text Available Basic personality traits (e.g., extraversion have been found to be associated with the humor styles that individuals employ. In the present study, we were interested in determining whether pathological personality traits were also associated with humor styles. We examined the associations between the pathological personality traits captured by the Personality Inventory for the DSM-5 (PID-5 and humor styles in a sample of college students (N = 594. Negative affectivity and detachment were negatively associated with the affiliative and self-enhancing humor styles. Antagonism was positively associated with the aggressive humor style but negatively associated with the affiliative humor style. Disinhibition was positively associated with the aggressive humor style, whereas disinhibition and psychoticism were both positively associated with the self-defeating humor style. Discussion focuses on the implications of these findings and how they can expand our understanding of the connections between the darker aspects of personality and humor.

  7. Learning styles of postgraduate and undergraduate medical students.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Shukr, Irfan; Zainab, Roop; Rana, Mowadat H

    2013-01-01

    To compare learning styles of undergraduate and postgraduate medical students. Observational, comparative study. Department of Medical Education, Army Medical College, NUST, Rawalpindi, Pakistan, during February and March 2012. A total of 170 students were divided into two equal groups of undergraduate students of Army Medical College, and postgraduate students of Armed Forces Post Graduate Medical Institute, Rawalpindi. Learning Style Questionnaire (LSQ) was used to assess and categorize the participants into Honey and Mumford classification of learning styles. The responses of each student ranging from 'very strong,' 'strong', 'moderate', and 'low' preference towards activist, theorist, reflector and pragmatist learning styles were compiled. The two groups were compared using SPSS version 17, using Fisher's exact test and the chi-square test. A p-value of $lt; 0.05 was considered significant. Preferences for all four learning styles were present in both groups. The results reveal an overall statistically significant difference in the 'very strong' preference in learning styles between the two study groups (p=0.002). Among the undergraduate students, 45% had a very strong preference for being an activist, whereas in postgraduate students, 38% had very strong preference for reflector, and 35% for theorist. This was statistically significant for activist, and reflector, and attained a p-value of learning style was pragmatist in both undergraduate and postgraduate students. Diversity of learning styles at undergraduate and postgraduate level of medical education calls for multiplicity of instructional and assessment modalities to match them. The learning styles amongst the undergraduate medical students are different from the postgraduates. The postgraduates commonly have the reflector learning style while the undergraduates are predominantly activists and theorists.

  8. Style and non-style in anatomical illustration: From Renaissance Humanism to Henry Gray

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kemp, Martin

    2010-01-01

    Style is a familiar category for the analysis of art. It is less so in the history of anatomical illustration. The great Renaissance and Baroque picture books of anatomy illustrated with stylish woodcuts and engravings, such as those by Charles Estienne, Andreas Vesalius and Govard Bidloo, showed figures in dramatic action in keeping with philosophical and theological ideas about human nature. Parallels can be found in paintings of the period, such as those by Titian, Michelangelo and Hans Baldung Grien. The anatomists also claimed to portray the body in an objective manner, and showed themselves as heroes of the discovery of human knowledge. Rembrandt’s painting of Dr Nicholas Tulp is the best-known image of the anatomist as hero. The British empirical tradition in the 18th century saw William Cheselden and William Hunter working with techniques of representation that were intended to guarantee detailed realism. The ambition to portray forms life-size led to massive volumes, such as those by Antonio Mascagni. John Bell, the Scottish anatomist, criticized the size and pretensions of the earlier books and argued for a plain style adapted to the needs of teaching and surgery. Henry Gray’s famous Anatomy of 1858, illustrated by Henry Vandyke Carter, aspired to a simple descriptive mode of functional representation that avoided stylishness, resulting in a style of its own. Successive editions of Gray progressively saw the replacement of Gray’s method and of all his illustrations. The 150th anniversary edition, edited by Susan Standring, radically re-thinks the role of Gray’s book within the teaching of medicine. PMID:20447244

  9. Style and non-style in anatomical illustration: From Renaissance Humanism to Henry Gray.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kemp, Martin

    2010-02-01

    Style is a familiar category for the analysis of art. It is less so in the history of anatomical illustration. The great Renaissance and Baroque picture books of anatomy illustrated with stylish woodcuts and engravings, such as those by Charles Estienne, Andreas Vesalius and Govard Bidloo, showed figures in dramatic action in keeping with philosophical and theological ideas about human nature. Parallels can be found in paintings of the period, such as those by Titian, Michelangelo and Hans Baldung Grien. The anatomists also claimed to portray the body in an objective manner, and showed themselves as heroes of the discovery of human knowledge. Rembrandt's painting of Dr Nicholas Tulp is the best-known image of the anatomist as hero. The British empirical tradition in the 18th century saw William Cheselden and William Hunter working with techniques of representation that were intended to guarantee detailed realism. The ambition to portray forms life-size led to massive volumes, such as those by Antonio Mascagni. John Bell, the Scottish anatomist, criticized the size and pretensions of the earlier books and argued for a plain style adapted to the needs of teaching and surgery. Henry Gray's famous Anatomy of 1858, illustrated by Henry Vandyke Carter, aspired to a simple descriptive mode of functional representation that avoided stylishness, resulting in a style of its own. Successive editions of Gray progressively saw the replacement of Gray's method and of all his illustrations. The 150th anniversary edition, edited by Susan Standring, radically re-thinks the role of Gray's book within the teaching of medicine.

  10. Is Cognitive Style Bipolar?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Schroeder, David H.

    This study assessed the bipolarity of cognitive style for 970 clients of the Johnson O'Connor Research Foundation, a vocational guidance service. The 462 male and 508 female examinees were aged 14 to 65 years, with a median age of 24 years. Three cognitive style tests were investigated: (1) the Kagan Matching Familiar Figures Test (KMFFT); (2) the…

  11. Page Styles on steroids

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Madsen, Lars

    2008-01-01

    Designing a page style has long been a pain for novice users. Some parts are easy; others need strong LATEX knowledge. In this article we will present the memoir way of dealing with page styles, including new code added to the recent version of memoir that will reduce the pain to a mild annoyance...

  12. Non-viral transfer approaches for the gene therapy of mucopolysaccharidosis type II (Hunter syndrome).

    Science.gov (United States)

    Tomanin, R; Friso, A; Alba, S; Piller Puicher, E; Mennuni, C; La Monica, N; Hortelano, G; Zacchello, F; Scarpa, M

    2002-01-01

    Hunter syndrome is a rare X-linked lysosomal storage disorder caused by the deficiency of the housekeeping enzyme iduronate-2-sulphatase (IDS). Deficiency of IDS causes accumulation of undegraded dermatan and heparan-sulphate in various tissues and organs. Approaches have been proposed for the symptomatic therapy of the disease, including bone marrow transplantation and, very recently, enzyme replacement. To date, gene therapy strategies have considered mainly retroviral and adenoviral transduction of the correct cDNA. In this paper, two non-viral somatic gene therapy approaches are proposed: encapsulated heterologous cells and muscle electro-gene transfer (EGT). Hunter primary fibroblasts were co-cultured with either cell clones over-expressing the lacking enzyme or with the same incorporated in alginate microcapsules. For EGT, plasmid vector was injected into mouse quadriceps muscle, which was then immediately electro-stimulated. Co-culturing Hunter primary fibroblasts with cells over-expressing IDS resulted in a three- to fourfold increase in fibroblast enzyme activity with respect to control cells. Fibroblast IDS activity was also increased after co-culture with encapsulated cells. EGT was able to transduce genes in mouse muscle, resulting in at least a tenfold increase in IDS activity 1-5 weeks after treatment. Although preliminary, results from encapsulated heterologous cell clones and muscle EGT encourage further evaluations for possible application to gene therapy for Hunter syndrome.

  13. PLANET HUNTERS: ASSESSING THE KEPLER INVENTORY OF SHORT-PERIOD PLANETS

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Schwamb, Megan E. [Yale Center for Astronomy and Astrophysics, Yale University, P.O. Box 208121, New Haven, CT 06520 (United States); Lintott, Chris J.; Lynn, Stuart; Smith, Arfon M.; Simpson, Robert J. [Oxford Astrophysics, Denys Wilkinson Building, Keble Road, Oxford OX1 3RH (United Kingdom); Fischer, Debra A.; Giguere, Matthew J.; Brewer, John M. [Department of Astronomy, Yale University, New Haven, CT 06511 (United States); Parrish, Michael [Adler Planetarium, 1300 S. Lake Shore Drive, Chicago, IL 60605 (United States); Schawinski, Kevin, E-mail: megan.schwamb@yale.edu [Department of Physics, Yale University, New Haven, CT 06511 (United States)

    2012-08-01

    We present the results from a search of data from the first 33.5 days of the Kepler science mission (Quarter 1) for exoplanet transits by the Planet Hunters citizen science project. Planet Hunters enlists members of the general public to visually identify transits in the publicly released Kepler light curves via the World Wide Web. Over 24,000 volunteers reviewed the Kepler Quarter 1 data set. We examine the abundance of {>=}2 R{sub Circled-Plus} planets on short-period (<15 days) orbits based on Planet Hunters detections. We present these results along with an analysis of the detection efficiency of human classifiers to identify planetary transits including a comparison to the Kepler inventory of planet candidates. Although performance drops rapidly for smaller radii, {>=}4 R{sub Circled-Plus} Planet Hunters {>=}85% efficient at identifying transit signals for planets with periods less than 15 days for the Kepler sample of target stars. Our high efficiency rate for simulated transits along with recovery of the majority of Kepler {>=}4 R{sub Circled-Plus} planets suggests that the Kepler inventory of {>=}4 R{sub Circled-Plus} short-period planets is nearly complete.

  14. Teaching Experientially with the Madeline Hunter Method: An Application in a Marketing Research Course

    Science.gov (United States)

    Burns, Alvin C.

    2006-01-01

    Due to concerns about the disparity of learning and the high nonresponse rates encountered by student marketing research teams working with sponsors, the author adopted the Hunter Method to restructure his course. This method requires the use of a model onto which students can map their learning via guided practice as well as independent practice.…

  15. Teaching Experientially with the Madeline Hunter Method: An Application in a Marketing Research Course

    Science.gov (United States)

    Burns, Alvin C.

    2006-01-01

    Due to concerns about the disparity of learning and the high nonresponse rates encountered by student marketing research teams working with sponsors, the author adopted the Hunter Method to restructure his course. This method requires the use of a model onto which students can map their learning via guided practice as well as independent practice.…

  16. The seed hunter in het spoor van Vavilov (interview met C. Kik)

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Zanderink, R.; Kik, C.

    2013-01-01

    Er moet voor een veredelaar een grote variatie aan plantmateriaal aanwezig zijn om uit te kunnen putten zodat onze gewassen, die vaak bestaan uit monoculturen, voor de toekomst veiliggesteld worden. Het vinden van die variatie is het werk van seed hunters of zadenverzamelaars. Eén van die seed

  17. The Oxford Handbook of the Archaeology and Anthropology of Hunter-Gatherers

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Cummings, Vicky; Jordan, Peter; Zvelebil, Marek

    2014-01-01

    For more than a century, the study of hunting and gathering societies has been central to the development of both archaeology and anthropology as academic disciplines, and has also generated widespread public interest and debate. The Oxford Handbook of the Archaeology and Anthropology of Hunter-Gath

  18. Big game hunting practices, meanings, motivations and constraints: a survey of Oregon big game hunters

    Science.gov (United States)

    Suresh K. Shrestha; Robert C. Burns

    2012-01-01

    We conducted a self-administered mail survey in September 2009 with randomly selected Oregon hunters who had purchased big game hunting licenses/tags for the 2008 hunting season. Survey questions explored hunting practices, the meanings of and motivations for big game hunting, the constraints to big game hunting participation, and the effects of age, years of hunting...

  19. Recent origin and cultural reversion of a hunter-gatherer group.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Hiroki Oota

    2005-03-01

    Full Text Available Contemporary hunter-gatherer groups are often thought to serve as models of an ancient lifestyle that was typical of human populations prior to the development of agriculture. Patterns of genetic variation in hunter-gatherer groups such as the Kung and African Pygmies are consistent with this view, as they exhibit low genetic diversity coupled with high frequencies of divergent mtDNA types not found in surrounding agricultural groups, suggesting long-term isolation and small population sizes. We report here genetic evidence concerning the origins of the Mlabri, an enigmatic hunter-gatherer group from northern Thailand. The Mlabri have no mtDNA diversity, and the genetic diversity at Y-chromosome and autosomal loci are also extraordinarily reduced in the Mlabri. Genetic, linguistic, and cultural data all suggest that the Mlabri were recently founded, 500-800 y ago, from a very small number of individuals. Moreover, the Mlabri appear to have originated from an agricultural group and then adopted a hunting-gathering subsistence mode. This example of cultural reversion from agriculture to a hunting-gathering lifestyle indicates that contemporary hunter-gatherer groups do not necessarily reflect a pre-agricultural lifestyle.

  20. Period Determination of Binary Asteroid Targets Observed at Hunters Hill Observatory: May-September 2009

    Science.gov (United States)

    Higgins, David; Oey, Julian; Pravec, Petr

    2011-01-01

    Lightcurves for seven confirmed or possible binary asteroids were obtained at the Hunters Hill Observatory (HHO) and Leura Observatory from 2009 May through 2010 September: 1453 Fennia, 2501 Lohja, 3076 Garbor, 4029 Bridges, 5325 Silver, 6244 Okamoto, and (6265) 1985 TW3.

  1. A Guide to Instruction in the Shooting Sports-Rifles; Air Rifles; Shotguns; Pistols; Hunter Safety.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Niemeyer, Roy K.; And Others

    Prepared for instruction in the use of rifles, air guns, shotguns, pistols, and hunter safety, this guide supplements other materials which are available from the National Rifle Association of America, the National Shooting Sports Foundation, the American Association for Health, Physical Education, and Recreation, industry, and other sources. The…

  2. Using the Madeline Hunter Direct Instruction Model to Improve Outcomes Assessments in Marketing Programs

    Science.gov (United States)

    Steward, Michelle D.; Martin, Gregory S.; Burns, Alvin C.; Bush, Ronald F.

    2010-01-01

    This study introduces marketing educators to the Madeline Hunter Direct Instruction Model (HDIM) as an approach to significantly and substantially improve student learning through course-embedded assessment. The effectiveness of the method is illustrated in three different marketing courses taught by three different marketing professors. The…

  3. Adaptation of Hunter Cynism Scale to Turkish: Validity and Reliability Study

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kiraz, Zafer; Bakioglu, Fuad

    2016-01-01

    The aim of this study is to carry out the adaptation of Hunter Cynicism Scale to Turkish. For this purpose, this study consists of two stages. 311 university students participated in for the first stage and 313 university students participated in for the second stage of this study. In the first stage, translation, exploratory factor analysis,…

  4. 76 FR 9345 - Brian Hunter; Third Supplemental Notice of Designation of Commission Staff

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-02-17

    ... From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY Federal Energy Regulatory Commission Brian Hunter; Third Supplemental Notice of Designation of Commission Staff On February 1, 2008, the Commission issued an order that, inter alia, designated the staff of...

  5. History and Development of the Schmidt-Hunter Meta-Analysis Methods

    Science.gov (United States)

    Schmidt, Frank L.

    2015-01-01

    In this article, I provide answers to the questions posed by Will Shadish about the history and development of the Schmidt-Hunter methods of meta-analysis. In the 1970s, I headed a research program on personnel selection at the US Office of Personnel Management (OPM). After our research showed that validity studies have low statistical power, OPM…

  6. Geometric Integrability of Two-Component Camassa-Holm and Hunter-Saxton Systems

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    SONG Juu-Feng; QU Chang-Zheng

    2011-01-01

    It is shown that the two-component Camassa-Holm and Hunter-Saxton systems are geometrically integrable, namely they describe pseudo-spherical surfaces. As a consequence, their infinite number o, conservation laws are directly constructed. In addition, a class of nonlocal symmetries depending on the pseudo-potentials are obtained.

  7. Targeting hunter distribution based on host resource selection and kill sites to manage disease risk

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Dugal, Cherie; van Beest, Floris; Vander Wal, Eric

    2013-01-01

    Endemic and emerging diseases are rarely uniform in their spatial distribution or prevalence among cohorts of wildlife. Spatial models that quantify risk-driven differences in resource selection and hunter mortality of animals at fine spatial scales can assist disease management by identifying hi...

  8. Teaching Styles and Pupil Progress

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rogers, Vincent; Baron, Joan

    1977-01-01

    Critically analyzes Neville Bennett's book "Teaching Styles and Pupil Progress," which found that formal teaching styles are more closely associated with student achievement in "basic skills" than are informal styles. (IRT)

  9. The College Students' Stressful Events, Emotional Reaction and Coping Styles%大学生压力事件、情绪反应及应对方式——基于武汉高校的问卷调查

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    陈建文; 王滔

    2012-01-01

    Using the self-developing questionnaire, it investigated the stressful events, emotional reactions and coping styles of 724 college students from 4 universities. The results showed that the frequency of college students' stressful events was related to their daily life, most of which were enduring stressful events; college students in the stressful situation were given priority to negative emotional experience, and also had dynamic positive emotions; col- lege students in the stressful situation were given priority to emotion-based coping styles. Fi- nally, the proposals for mental health education were that the educators should pay attention to the college students' exhausting events in their daily life, attach importance to the role of positive emotions in coping with stress, play the active function of emotion-based coping strategies, and instruct college students to try to avoid using the unhealthy stress coping strategms.%对武汉4所高校724名本科生经历的压力事件、情绪反应及应对方式的调查结果表明:大学生经历压力事件的频率与其日常生活密切相关,且多数是持久性压力事件;大学生在压力情境下以消极情绪体验为主,但也有动力性的积极情绪;大学生在压力情境下主要以情绪应对方式为主。为此,大学生心理健康教育工作者应关注大学生日常生活中的消耗性事件,重视积极情绪在压力应对中的作用,发挥情绪应对策略的积极功能,并引导大学生尽量避免使用非健康的压力应对策略。

  10. Serological surveillance of vector-borne and zoonotic diseases among hunters in eastern Poland

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Małgorzata Tokarska-Rodak

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available Background & objectives: Many etiological agents of zoonoses are considered as significant biological hazard to people visiting forested areas frequently, for instance, hunters. They may be exposed to ticks, rodents, and birds as well as excreta/secretions of wild animals or contaminated water and soil. Hence, this population is at risk of contracting infection with pathogens such as Borrelia burgdorferi sensu lato (s.l., Anaplasma phagocytophilum, Babesia spp., tick-borne encephalitis virus, Bartonella spp., Francisella tularensis, Echinococcus spp., or hantaviruses. The aim of the study was to assess the seroprevalence of zoonotic agents, viz. A. phagocytophilum, hantaviruses, and Echinococcus spp., with special regard to B. burgdorferi s.l., among hunters in Lubelskie Voivodeship (eastern Poland. Methods: Serum samples collected from 134 hunters from Lubelskie Voivodeship were analyzed with the use of immunological techniques (enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay, line immunoblot test, and indirect fluorescence assay for the presence of antibodies against the agents. Results: Specific antibodies were detected in 66% of the tested individuals. Antibodies against B. burgdorferi s.l. (39%, A. phagocytophilum (30%, hantaviruses (9%, and Echinococcus spp. (8% were detected individually or as mixed results. Interpretation & conclusion: The results confirm that there is a risk of exposure to different pathogens in the forested areas in eastern Poland and that hunters are highly vulnerable to infection with the examined zoonotic agents. A significant proportion of co-occurring antibodies against different pathogens was noticed. Thus, hunters have to take special care of their health status evaluation and mitigate the exposure risk by using adequate prophylaxis measures.

  11. Response of moose hunters to predation following wolf return in Sweden.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Camilla Wikenros

    Full Text Available Predation and hunter harvest constitute the main mortality factors affecting the size and dynamics of many exploited populations. The re-colonization by wolves (Canis lupus of the Scandinavian Peninsula may therefore substantially reduce hunter harvest of moose (Alces alces, the main prey of wolves.We examined possible effects of wolf presence on hunter harvest in areas where we had data before and after wolf establishment (n = 25, and in additional areas that had been continuously exposed to wolf predation during at least ten years (n = 43. There was a general reduction in the total number of moose harvested (n = 31,827 during the ten year study period in all areas irrespective of presence of wolves or not. However, the reduction in hunter harvest was stronger within wolf territories compared to control areas without wolves. The reduction in harvest was larger in small (500-800 km2 compared to large (1,200-1,800 km2 wolf territories. In areas with newly established wolf territories moose management appeared to be adaptive with regard to both managers (hunting quotas and to hunters (actual harvest. In these areas an instant reduction in moose harvest over-compensated the estimated number of moose killed annually by wolves and the composition of the hunted animals changed towards a lower proportion of adult females.We show that the re-colonization of wolves may result in an almost instant functional response by another large predator-humans-that reduced the potential for a direct numerical effect on the density of wolves' main prey, the moose. Because most of the worlds' habitat that will be available for future colonization by large predators are likely to be strongly influenced by humans, human behavioural responses may constitute a key trait that govern the impact of large predators on their prey.

  12. parental rearing style, self harmonious and loneliness of college students%大学生父母教养方式、自我和谐与孤独感研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    盛明明; 李可钰

    2013-01-01

    This study examines the relationship between university students' loneliness and parental rearing style and self harmonious, Randomly selected 140 students, This paper measured with the UCLA loneliness scale, evaluation of Yue Dongmei's adaptation of the parenting style scale and Wang Dengfeng (1994) the self consistency and congruence Scale (SCCS). The following are the main conclusions: the negative correlation of parental rearing styles and loneliness. the degree of self harmony and negatively correlated with loneliness. Parental rearing styles and self consistency and congruence predictors of loneliness.%  本研究探讨大学生孤独感与其父母教养方式和自我和谐之间的关系。随机抽取在校本科生140名,以UCLA 孤独量表、岳冬梅改编的父母教养方式评价量表(EMBU)和王登峰(1994)编制的自我和谐量表(SCCS)进行测量。主要得到以下结论:父母教养方式与孤独感有负相关;自我和谐程度与孤独感呈负相关;父母教养方式与自我和谐程度对孤独感有预测作用。

  13. 大学生应对方式和主观幸福感的关系%On the Relationship between College Students' Coping Style and Their Subjective Well-being

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    胡智惠

    2012-01-01

    主观幸福感是个体依据自定的标准对其生活质量的整体性评价.应对方式与主观幸福感的相关性研究结果显示较为显著,良好的应对方式与较高的主观幸福感呈现正相关,而不良的行为应对方式则对主观幸福感有着消极影响作用.由此可见,培养积极成熟的行为应对方式有助于主观幸福感的提高.%Coping style is defined as cognitive and behavioral means, methods and strategies for reducing stress. The subjective well-being(SWB) is that the individual makes a general evaluation on the quality of his own life according to his own criteria. Good coping styles and higher subjective well-being present positive correlation, while bad coping style and subjective well-being prove to be negative correlation, which shows positive and mature coping style helps improve subjective well-being.

  14. Relationship between test anxiety and learning style of medical college students%医学院校大学生考试焦虑与学习类型的相关研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李宁; 董兆举; 赵慧娟

    2013-01-01

    Objective To study the status of medical students'test anxiety ,learning style and the relationship between test anxiety and learning style .Methods Sarason Test Anxiety Scale ( TAS) and Solomon Learning Style Scale were used in this study .Four hun-dred and twenty nine medicine students were surveyed by cluster random sampling from different medical specialties .Results The scores of test anxiety among different grades had statistical significance (P0.05).Sequence learning style and integrated learning style had statistical significance .The test anxiety level of students with sequence learning style was higher than those with integrated learning style .Conclusion Test anxiety had an adverse effect on medicine students .Effective measures should be taken to reduce and eliminate the test anxiety by the school , society, family and students themselves .%目的:为了解医学生考试焦虑的现状、学习类型及学习类型与考试焦虑的关系。方法本研究采用Sarason考试焦虑量表( TAS)和所罗门学习风格量表对医学院429名在校生进行问卷调查。结果不同年级之间考试焦虑水平有统计学意义,且2010级与2011级焦虑水平较高,2012级焦虑水平最低,2009级居中;不同性别、是否独生子女、是否城市户口对学生考试焦虑水平无统计学意义。各学习类型中序列型与综合型考试焦虑程度具有统计学意义,序列型学生考试焦虑程度高于综合型。结论医学生考试焦虑已成为影响大学生生活学习的重要不利因素,需要学校、社会、家庭及个人采取有效的方法来缓解并消除这种焦虑情绪。

  15. Experimental Study of Chinese Non-English Students' Overall Learning Style Preferences

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sun, Ming-Lei

    2011-01-01

    Two proposed style assessment instruments are employed to explore the learning styles of non-English major college students in the EFL (English as a Foreign Language) context in Chinese universities. It was found that their overall learning preferences in English language learning demonstrate a tendency, so that discovering the students' learning…

  16. Parenting Style, Perfectionism, and Creativity in High-Ability and High-Achieving Young Adults

    Science.gov (United States)

    Miller, Angie L.; Lambert, Amber D.; Speirs Neumeister, Kristie L.

    2012-01-01

    The current study explores the potential relationships among perceived parenting style, perfectionism, and creativity in a high-ability and high-achieving young adult population. Using data from 323 honors college students at a Midwestern university, bivariate correlations suggested positive relationships between (a) permissive parenting style and…

  17. Parenting Style, Perfectionism, and Creativity in High-Ability and High-Achieving Young Adults

    Science.gov (United States)

    Miller, Angie L.; Lambert, Amber D.; Speirs Neumeister, Kristie L.

    2012-01-01

    The current study explores the potential relationships among perceived parenting style, perfectionism, and creativity in a high-ability and high-achieving young adult population. Using data from 323 honors college students at a Midwestern university, bivariate correlations suggested positive relationships between (a) permissive parenting style and…

  18. Relationship between Identity Processing Style and Academic Success in Undergraduate Students.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Boyd, Vivian S.; Hunt, Patricia F.; Kandell, Jonathan J.; Lucas, Margaretha S.

    2003-01-01

    Using a sample of 2818 first-year college students, this study relates their identity processing styles as determined by the Identity Styles Inventory to self-perceived academic self-efficacy and academic performance. Conceptualizes obstacles to identity development and academic success and discusses proactive interventions within a context of…

  19. The Relationship between Family Environment and Parenting Style: A Preliminary Study of African American Families.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hill, Nancy E.

    1995-01-01

    The influence of parenting style on aspects of family environment was studied with 174 9th graders, 11th graders and college freshmen (96% African American). Findings demonstrate that types of parenting styles are significantly related to outcome measures of family environment as predicted. Implications of authoritative parenting among blacks are…

  20. Learning Style-Based Teaching Harvests a Superior Comprehension of Respiratory Physiology

    Science.gov (United States)

    Anbarasi, M.; Rajkumar, G.; Krishnakumar, S.; Rajendran, P.; Venkatesan, R.; Dinesh, T.; Mohan, J.; Venkidusamy, S.

    2015-01-01

    Students entering medical college generally show vast diversity in their school education. It becomes the responsibility of teachers to motivate students and meet the needs of all diversities. One such measure is teaching students in their own preferred learning style. The present study was aimed to incorporate a learning style-based…

  1. 性别角色类型与压力应对方式的关系研究——以海口市大学生为例%Haikou City College Gender Role Type and Pressure Coping Styles Relations

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    谭才幸

    2012-01-01

    In order to understand the students' gender role types and coping styles relationship,this study uses Bei Mu sex role scale and coping style questionnaire to 300 college students.The results showed that:(1)gender, major,, grade,family sources,types of family discipline demographic variables in coping style and gender roles of various dimensions do not exist significant differences;(2)gender role types of androgyny, masculine and coping styles in the mature type and mixed type were extremely significant positive correlation,and immature has significant negative correlation,feminine and maturity were significantly correlated;(3)possessing androgynous gender role types of students are more likely to use positive coping style, followed by the masculine,feminine, not of.%为了解大学生性别角色类型与压力应对方式间的关系,研究采用贝姆性别角色量表和压力应对方式问卷对300名在校大学生进行调查。结果表明:一是性别、专业、年级、家庭来源、家庭管教类型等人口学变量在压力应对方式和性别角色各维度上均不存在显著差异;二是性别角色类型中的双性化、男性化与压力应对方式中的成熟型及混合型均为极显著的正相关,与不成熟型呈极显著的负相关,女性化与成熟型呈显著正相关;三是具有双性化性别角色类型的学生更倾向于用积极的应对方式,其次是男性化、女性化、未分性化。

  2. 高职生不同注意类型及针对训练方法--以岳阳职业技术学院学生为例%Higher Vocational Students' Different Attention Styles and Respective Training Methods--A Case Study of Yueyang Vocational and Technical College Students

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    周薇

    2012-01-01

      Attention is the prerequisite and guide for human being to be engaged in actual activities. The key for teachers to conduct teaching in class is to concentrate and maintain students' attention. For students in higher vocational colleges, quality of attention is an important precondition for learning, practice and comprehensive activities. This research carries out a comprehensive evaluation of 63 higher vocational students (17-19 years old) with R.M. Nidffer's test of attention style, and obtains distinctive individual differences of students' attention styles through collected data. Attention style is related with temperament style, but not gender difference. Then the research selects respective attention training methods to cultivate attention in accordance with different attention styles, and help them to form suitable attention habits to study and work effectively.%  注意是人类从事一切实际活动的必要前提与向导,教师对课堂教学的把握程度关键在于能否集中和保持学生的注意力。对于高职院校学生而言,良好的注意品质是其进行学习活动、实践操作活动、综合能力活动等的重要条件。本研究使用奈德弗注意类型的自我测定问卷与气质类型问卷,对190名高职学生(17-19周岁)进行综合测评,通过数据分析得出不同学生的注意类型存在显著个别差异;注意类型不存在男女差异;注意类型与气质类型存在相关。应根据学生不同的注意类型,有针对性的对其进行注意力训练,制定适应其注意力培养的方法,使学生养成良好的注意习惯,有效的学习与工作

  3. Thinking Styles: Teaching and Learning Styles in Graduate Education Students

    Science.gov (United States)

    Clarke, Tricia A.; Lesh, Jennifer J.; Trocchio, Jennie S.; Wolman, Clara

    2010-01-01

    This study investigated the relationship between two intellectual styles approaches: Sternberg's thinking styles of teachers and Felder and Silverman's learning styles. Ninety-five graduate students majoring in special education, reading, educational leadership and curriculum, and elementary education completed the Thinking Styles in Teaching…

  4. Thinking Styles: Teaching and Learning Styles in Graduate Education Students

    Science.gov (United States)

    Clarke, Tricia A.; Lesh, Jennifer J.; Trocchio, Jennie S.; Wolman, Clara

    2010-01-01

    This study investigated the relationship between two intellectual styles approaches: Sternberg's thinking styles of teachers and Felder and Silverman's learning styles. Ninety-five graduate students majoring in special education, reading, educational leadership and curriculum, and elementary education completed the Thinking Styles in Teaching…

  5. Babylon-style Restaurant

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2006-01-01

    Babylon-style Restaurant is located on Jinbao Street, near East Second Ring Road and Wangfujing Street, in Beijing's center. With more than 3,000 square meters, the restaurant can accommodate 500 people. Built in the style of an Arabian palace. Babylon-style Restaurant has three floors, which provides customers with more space options. The Meal and Art Square, on the first floor, has Islamic features. It can accommodate 300 people. It is the ideal place for groups, parties, annual meetings and launches o...

  6. Babylon-style Restaurant

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2006-01-01

    Babylon-style Restaurant is located on Jinbao Street, near East Second Ring Road and Wangfujing Street, in Beijing’s center. With more than 3,000 square meters, the restaurant can accommodate 500 people. Built in the style of an Arabian palace, Babylon-style Restaurant has three floors, which provides customers with more space options. The Meal and Art Square, on the first floor, has Islamic features. It can accommodate 300 people. It is the ideal place for groups, parties, annual meetings and launches of new products.

  7. Technological Style is History

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Blond, Lasse

    culture, and just as importantly that culture shapes technology. By looking at a recent transfer of technology this reciprocal exchange is elaborated by considering the cultural or contextual influence in the adaptation of technology. In this connection the notion of technological style is revisited...... by questioning whether it pays due attention to the non-technical factors of the process? In order to compensate for the deficiencies of the technological style as a sensitizing device the concept of sociotechnical style is introduced – a concept more in tune with resent research in technology studies....

  8. Study on relationship of the connection of iad college student with psychological, body health, social support and coping style%大学生网络成瘾与心身症状、社会支持及应付方式关系的研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    唐晓霞; 于立群

    2012-01-01

    OBJECTIVE To investigate the connection of internet addiction disorder (IAD) on psychological and body health, social support and coping style among college students. METHODS The self-made investigation questionnaire was used for online college students, Internet Addiction Disorder test, SCL-90 self-assessment questionnaire, PASS and Coping Style questionnaire were used for investigating students from 3 college by using stratified and cluster sampling methods. RESULTS The I-AD rate of college students was 6.89%. The IAD rate of male (8.71%) was significantly higher than that of female (5.99%). The scores of IAD students regarding Somatization, Obsessive-Compulsive, interpersonal sensitivity, depression, anxiety, hostility, photic anxiety. Paranoid ideation and psychotics were significantly higher than the non-IAD students. The social support scores in the IAD students (61.20±10.90) were significantly higher than that of non-IAD students (62.95±11.10). The scores of SCL-90 and Settle-question, Self-accusation, Fantacyin, Retreat and rationalization of IAD students were significantly higher than the non-IAD students. However, the Coping Style scores of the IAD students were significantly lower than those of non-IAD students. CONCLUSION The prevalence rate of IAD wAS higher in college students. IAD had effect on personality characteristic and psychological health of college students. Therefore, it was very important that prevention and control of IAD should be enhanced.%目的 探讨大学生网络成瘾与心身症状、社会支持及应付方式的关系.方法 采用多级分层整群抽样方法,采用《网络使用状况调查表》和《网络成瘾诊断量表》、《SCL-90症状自评量表》、《领悟社会支持量表》、《应付方式问卷》等心理量表,对唐山市3所大学在校大学生进行调查.结果 唐山市大学生网络成瘾率为6.89%,男生网络成瘾率(8.71%)明显高于女生(5.99%).网络成瘾者SCL-90测试躯

  9. Linking Hunter Knowledge with Forest Change to Understand Changing Deer Harvest Opportunities in Intensively Logged Landscapes

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Todd J. Brinkman

    2009-06-01

    Full Text Available The effects of landscape changes caused by intensive logging on the availability of wild game are important when the harvest of wild game is a critical cultural practice, food source, and recreational activity. We assessed the influence of extensive industrial logging on the availability of wild game by drawing on local knowledge and ecological science to evaluate the relationship between forest change and opportunities to harvest Sitka black-tailed deer (Odocoileus hemionus sitkensis on Prince of Wales Island, Alaska. We used data collected through interviews with local deer hunters and GIS analysis of land cover to determine relationships among landscape change, hunter access, and habitat for deer hunting over the last 50 yr. We then used these relationships to predict how harvest opportunities may change in the future. Intensive logging from 1950 into the 1990s provided better access to deer and habitat that facilitated deer hunting. However, successional changes in intensively logged forests in combination with a decline in current logging activity have reduced access to deer and increased undesirable habitat for deer hunting. In this new landscape, harvest opportunities in previously logged landscapes have declined, and hunters identify second-growth forest as one of the least popular habitats for hunting. Given the current state of the logging industry in Alaska, it is unlikely that the logging of the remaining old-growth forests or intensive management of second-growth forests will cause hunter opportunities to rebound to historic levels. Instead, hunter opportunities may continue to decline for at least another human generation, even if the long-term impacts of logging activity and deer harvest on deer numbers are minimal. Adapting hunting strategies to focus on naturally open habitats such as alpine and muskeg that are less influenced by external market forces may require considerably more hunting effort but provide the best option for

  10. 大学生社会支持与主观幸福感的关系研究:应对方式的中介作用%A Study on the Relationship of Social Support and Subj ective Well being of College Students:Mediation Effect of Coping Style

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    叶艳晖

    2014-01-01

    A survey was carried out on 500 college students through Social Support Rating Scale, Coping Style Questionnaire and General Well being Rating Scale and a discussion was organized to talk about the relationship of social support,coping style and subj ective well being of college students in or-der to examine the mediation effect of coping style.The results show:(1)Social support has no statisti-cal meaning in gender and grade difference,gender difference of coping factors has no statistical mean-ing,the four coping factors including problem solving,self blame,illusion and avoidance differ signifi-cantly in grade,boy students score much higher in subj ective well being than girl students and there is significant discrepancies between different grades.(2)Social support has significant positive correlation with subj ective well being;problem solving and help seeking have significant positive correlation with subj ective well being,self blame,and illusion,avoidance,and rationalization has significant negative correlation with subjective well being.(3)Social support has evident direct effect on subjective well being(β=0.289,P <0.001)and the mediation effect of coping style is significant (β=0.197,β=-0.366,P<0.001),of which mediation effect of mature coping style accounts for 2 9 .7% of the overall effect while mediation effect of immature coping style accounts for 18.9%.%以500名在校大学生为研究对象,采用社会支持评定量表、应对方式问卷和总体幸福感量表进行问卷调查,探讨大学生社会支持、应对方式与主观幸福感的关系,并检验应对方式的中介效应.结果显示:(1)社会支持在性别、年级差异上均无统计学意义;应对各因子性别差异无统计学意义,解决问题、自责、幻想、退避四个应对因子存在显著年级差异;主观幸福感得分男生显著高于女生,并存在显著年级差异.(2)社会支持与主观幸福感呈显著正相关;解决问题、求助两

  11. 大学生应对方式和人格特征与手机成瘾倾向关系的通径分析%A path analysis on the relationships among coping style,personality characteristics and mobile phone addiction tendency among college students

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张军; 刘建涛; 李艳

    2016-01-01

    Objective To explore the relationships among coping style,personality characteristics and mobile phone addiction tendency among college students.Methods Totally 276 clinical medical students were investigated using Mobile Phone Addiction Tendency Questionnaire(MPATS),Simplified Coping Style Questionnaire(SCSQ)and Eysenck Personality Questionnaire(EPQ).Results The mean scale score of the total 276 students was 36.56,and 46 students had high mobile phone addiction tendency while 1 42 students had low mobile phone addiction tendency.There were significant differences in negative coping style and personality characteristics among students with different mobile phone addiction tendency(P <0.05).The factors and total scores of mobile phone addiction tendency were positively related to personality characteristics (P <0.05 ).Negative coping style plays an intermediary role between the mobile phone addiction and personality characteristics.The influencing factor Neuroticism(path coefficient =0.486)influenced the mobile phone addiction most, followed by Psychot:cism (path coefficient =0.274).Conclusion Coping style plays an important intermediary role between mobile phone addiction and personality characteristics. Colleges and universities should strengthen the psychological health education to students,and rebuild the positive coping style.%目的:研究大学生应对方式和人格特征与手机成瘾倾向的关系。方法采用手机成瘾倾向量表、简易应对方式问卷和艾森克人格问卷对某高校276名临床医学专业学生进行调查,应用通径分析研究应对方式是否在手机成瘾倾向和人格特征之间起中介作用。结果276名学生手机成瘾倾向量表分值均数为36.56分,其中手机成瘾倾向度高46人,手机成瘾倾向度低142人,两者在消极应对方式、内外倾向、情绪性和精神质方面比较差异有统计学意义(P <0.05)。手机成瘾倾向各因子分及总分与情绪性

  12. Supervision: Substance and Style

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gellerman, Saul W.

    1976-01-01

    Argues that managerial style and substance are inextricably intertwined, illustrating the discussion with excerpts from an extensive study and job analysis of first-line supervisors in a food packaging plant. (JG)

  13. Style as Supplement - Supplement as Style

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Sørensen, Bent

    The film Derrida by Amy Ziering Kofman & Kirby Dick (2003) has a memorable scene, showing Derrida watching Derrida watching Derrida. This regression, almost ad infinitum, would seem to have the specific purpose to hammer home the point to the viewer of the film that all communication is mediated......, and to aim for an almost Brechtian Verfremdung-effect, but the film also uses this device as a stylistic trait to characterize something ‘essential' about Derrida and his style. Derrida strikes the same chord by insisting on drawing attention to the artificiality of the making of the film, where questions...... and deferrals. This is of course another link in the infinite Derridean chain of supplements to supplements of supplements - in his writings, his persona and the legacy of images of him left behind in the archives. How does this perpetual deferral reflect itself in Derrida's visual and verbal style...

  14. Children's Responses to Literary Style.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Henze, Mary Vance

    This study undertook to determine (1) whether teaching sixth grade children elements of style would increase their pleasure in listening to "The Hobbit," (2) whether children who learned the most about style would respond the most positively to Tolkien's style, and (3) what children's preferences would be for selected examples of Tolkien's style.…

  15. Learning Styles: Humpty Dumpty Revisited

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ivie, Stan D.

    2009-01-01

    What is a learning style? No one seems to know for sure. The language used by learning style theorists is filled with ambiguities. Price (2004) maintains that "learning style is often used as a metaphor for considering the range of individual differences in learning" (p. 681). Is learning style merely a fanciful metaphor or is it the wave of the…

  16. Language Style and Gender Stereotypes in Person Perception.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Quina, Kathryn; And Others

    1987-01-01

    Described sentence pairs representing Lakoff's "women's language" and corresponding "masculine" styles to examine gender stereotyping as a function of linguistic pattern usage. College students evaluated hypothetical male, female, or sex-unknown speakers on 31 bipolar adjective scales. Participants rated the nonfeminine linguistic style…

  17. College Presidents' Role Performance and Faculty Satisfaction

    Science.gov (United States)

    Paxton, Dan R.; Thomas, Darwin L.

    1977-01-01

    Data gathered from 896 faculty members from two technical colleges, three community colleges, two private universities, and three public universities revealed three dimensions of the presidential role: personal-public image, faculty and student interaction with presidents, and absence of autocratic leadership style. (Author/LBH)

  18. Fish species and other data from DERWENT HUNTER from 31 August 1959 to 16 June 1960 (NODC Accession 7300634)

    Data.gov (United States)

    National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, Department of Commerce — In September 1959 the cruise programme for F.R.V. DERWENT HUNTER was changed and cruises were planned to investigate tuna in South-East Australian waters in a much...

  19. Human behavior. Sex equality can explain the unique social structure of hunter-gatherer bands.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Dyble, M; Salali, G D; Chaudhary, N; Page, A; Smith, D; Thompson, J; Vinicius, L; Mace, R; Migliano, A B

    2015-05-15

    The social organization of mobile hunter-gatherers has several derived features, including low within-camp relatedness and fluid meta-groups. Although these features have been proposed to have provided the selective context for the evolution of human hypercooperation and cumulative culture, how such a distinctive social system may have emerged remains unclear. We present an agent-based model suggesting that, even if all individuals in a community seek to live with as many kin as possible, within-camp relatedness is reduced if men and women have equal influence in selecting camp members. Our model closely approximates observed patterns of co-residence among Agta and Mbendjele BaYaka hunter-gatherers. Our results suggest that pair-bonding and increased sex egalitarianism in human evolutionary history may have had a transformative effect on human social organization. Copyright © 2015, American Association for the Advancement of Science.

  20. Productive procrastination: academic procrastination style predicts academic and alcohol outcomes.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Westgate, Erin C; Wormington, Stephanie V; Oleson, Kathryn C; Lindgren, Kristen P

    2017-03-01

    Productive procrastination replaces one adaptive behavior with another adaptive-albeit less important-behavior (e.g., organizing notes instead of studying for an exam). We identified adaptive and maladaptive procrastination styles associated with academic and alcohol outcomes in 1106 college undergraduates. Cluster analysis identified five academic procrastination styles-non-procrastinators, academic productive procrastinators, non-academic productive procrastinators, non-academic procrastinators, and classic procrastinators. Procrastination style differentially predicted alcohol-related problems, cravings, risk of alcohol use disorders, and GPA (all ps < .01). Non-procrastination and academic productive procrastination were most adaptive overall; non-academic productive procrastination, non-academic procrastination, and classic procrastination were least adaptive. Productive procrastination differed from other procrastination strategies, and maladaptive procrastination styles may be a useful risk indicator for preventative and intervention efforts.

  1. Explanatory style, dispositional optimism, and reported parental behavior.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hjelle, L A; Busch, E A; Warren, J E

    1996-12-01

    The relationship between two cognitive personality constructs (explanatory style and dispositional optimism) and retrospective self-reports of maternal and paternal behavior were investigated. College students (62 men and 145 women) completed the Life Orientation Test, Attributional Style Questionnaire, and Parental Acceptance-Rejection Questionnaire in a single session. As predicted, dispositional optimism was positively correlated with reported maternal and paternal warmth/acceptance and negatively correlated with aggression/hostility, neglect/indifference, and undifferentiated rejection during middle childhood. Unexpectedly, explanatory style was found to be more strongly associated with retrospective reports of paternal as opposed to maternal behavior. The implications of these results for future research concerning the developmental antecedents of differences in explanatory style and dispositional optimism are discussed.

  2. Beyond the Cut Hunter: A Historical Epidemiology of HIV Beginnings in Central Africa.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rupp, Stephanie; Ambata, Philippe; Narat, Victor; Giles-Vernick, Tamara

    2016-12-01

    In the absence of direct evidence, an imagined "cut hunter" stands in for the index patient of pandemic HIV/AIDS. During the early years of colonial rule, this explanation goes, a hunter was cut or injured from hunting or butchering a chimpanzee infected with simian immunodeficiency virus, resulting in the first sustained human infection with the virus that would emerge as HIV-1M. We argue here that the "cut hunter" relies on a historical misunderstanding and ecological oversimplification of human-chimpanzee (Pan Troglodytes troglodytes) interactions that facilitated pathogenic transmission. This initial host shift cannot explain the beginnings of the HIV/AIDS pandemic. Instead, we must understand the processes by which the virus became transmissible, possibly between Sangha basin inhabitants and ultimately reached Kinshasa. A historical epidemiology of the late nineteenth and twentieth centuries, provides a much-needed corrective to the major shortcomings of the cut hunter. Based on 62 oral historical interviews conducted in southeastern Cameroon and archival research, we show that HIV emerged from ecological, economic, and socio-political transformations of the late nineteenth and twentieth centuries. The gradual imposition of colonial rule built on and reoriented ecologies and economies, and altered older patterns of mobility and sociality. Certain changes may have contributed to the initial viral host shift, but more importantly, facilitated the adaptation of HIV-1M to human-to-human transmission. Our evidence suggests that the most critical changes occurred after 1920. This argument has important implications for public health policy, underscoring recent work emphasizing alternative pathways for zoonotic spillovers into human beings.

  3. A Philatelic Excursion with Jeff Hunter in Probability and Matrix Theory

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    George P. H. Styan

    2007-01-01

    Full Text Available We present an excursion with Jeff Hunter, visiting some of his research topics. Specifically, we will present some facts about certain people whose work seems to have influenced Jeff in his scientific career; we illustrate our presentation with postage stamps that have been issued in honour of these people. Our main guide is Hunter’s two-volume book entitled Mathematical Techniques of Applied Probability (Academic Press, 1983.

  4. Newborn screening for hunter disease: a small-scale feasibility study.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ruijter, G J G; Goudriaan, D A; Boer, A M; Van den Bosch, J; Van der Ploeg, A T; Elvers, L H; Weinreich, S S; Reuser, A J

    2014-01-01

    Hunter disease (Mucopolysaccharidosis type II, MPS II) is an X-linked lysosomal storage disorder caused by deficiency of iduronate-2-sulfatase (IDS). Two main therapies have been reported for MPS II patients: enzyme-replacement therapy (ERT) and hematopoietic stem-cell transplantation (HSCT). Both treatment modalities have been shown to improve some symptoms, but the results with regard to cognitive functioning have been poor. Early initiation of therapy, i.e., before neurological symptoms have manifested, may alter cognitive outcome. The need for early identification makes Hunter disease a candidate for newborn screening (NBS). Our objective was to explore the use of a fluorometric assay that could be applicable for high-throughput analysis of IDS activity in dried blood spots (DBS). The median IDS activity in DBS samples from 1,426 newborns was 377 pmol/punch/17 h (range 78-1111). The IDS activity in one sample was repeatedly under the cutoff value (set at 20% of the median value), which would imply a recall rate of 0.07%. A sample from a clinically diagnosed MPS II individual, included in each 96-well test plate, had IDS activities well below the 20% cutoff value. Coefficients of variation in quality control samples with low, medium, and high IDS activities (190, 304, and 430 pmol/punch/17 h, respectively) were 12% to 16%. This small-scale pilot study shows that newborn screening for Hunter disease using a fluorometric assay in DBS is technically feasible with a fairly low recall rate. NBS may allow for identification of infants with Hunter disease before clinical symptoms become evident enabling early intervention.

  5. Shell beads of the Last Hunter-Gatherers and Earliest Farmers in South-Western Europe

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Álvarez-Fernández, E.

    2010-01-01

    Full Text Available This paper analyses the suspended objects of adornment made from marine mollusc shells that have been recorded at Mesolithic and Neolithic sites in southwest Europe. Particular attention will be given to taxonomic determination, technological aspects and the strategies utilised to obtain the raw materials for these objects. The distribution of certain species and the types of ornamentation used by the last hunter-gatherers and first farming communities will also be discussed.

  6. 演奏八弦吉他的怪才Charlie Hunter

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    石岩

    2002-01-01

      一看到这把怪琴,少见的8弦配置加上扇形的弦品指板,你就会知道使用这把吉他的吉他手一定是个怪才.他就是Charlie Hunter,一个富于创新的年轻爵士吉他手.……

  7. 父母教养方式与大学生志愿者利他行为的关系--前瞻性应对方式的中介作用%The Effect of Parenting Styles on a College Student Volunteer’Altruistic Behaviors---The Mediator Role of the Proactive Coping

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    樊斌; 卢宁

    2015-01-01

    为了了解大学生志愿者父母教养方式、前瞻性应对方式对其利他行为的影响,采用父母教养方式量表、前瞻性应对方式与利他行为自陈问卷对广东省272名大学生志愿者进行调查.结果显示:父母教养方式的关爱维度、前瞻性应对方式和利他行为之间存在显著的正相关;母亲关爱和前瞻性应对方式作为抑制变量会增强父亲控制对利他行为的预测效应;父亲关爱通过前瞻性应对方式完全中介作用于利他行为,中介效应为79.42%,母亲关爱通过前瞻性应对方式部分中介作用于利他行为,中介效应为31.38%.由此可见,父母教养方式会通过前瞻性应对方式间接影响大学生志愿者的利他行为.%Parental bonding instrument (PBI),Proactive coping scale (PCS)and Altruistic behavior questionnaire were adopted to investigate 272 college student volunteers in an attempt to find out about the influence of parenting styles,the proactive coping on their altruistic behaviors in Guangdong.The results showed that:Altruistic behaviors were positively correlated with the care factor and proactive coping factor in the parenting styles;Mother care and proactive coping,as the suppression variables,can enhance the predictive validity of father control upon the altruistic behavior.The mediator effect of the Father care can fully effect upon the altruistic behavior via the proactive coping approach(the mediating effect value reaches as high as 79.42%),while the mediator effect of mother care is partially effected upon the altruistic behavior via the proactive coping with a mediating effect value of about 31.38%),indicating that the parenting style indirectly influences college student volunteer’altruistic behaviors via the mediation of proactive coping.

  8. Guidelines for diagnosis and treatment of Hunter Syndrome for clinicians in Latin America

    Science.gov (United States)

    Giugliani, Roberto; Villarreal, Martha Luz Solano; Valdez, C. Araceli Arellano; Hawilou, Antonieta Mahfoud; Guelbert, Norberto; Garzón, Luz Norela Correa; Martins, Ana Maria; Acosta, Angelina; Cabello, Juan Francisco; Lemes, Aída; Santos, Mara Lucia Schmitz Ferreira; Amartino, Hernán

    2014-01-01

    This review aims to provide clinicians in Latin America with the most current information on the clinical aspects, diagnosis, and management of Hunter syndrome, a serious and progressive disease for which specific treatment is available. Hunter syndrome is a genetic disorder where iduronate-2-sulfatase (I2S), an enzyme that degrades glycosaminoglycans, is absent or deficient. Clinical manifestations vary widely in severity and involve multiple organs and tissues. An attenuated and a severe phenotype are recognized depending on the degree of cognitive impairment. Early diagnosis is vital for disease management. Clinical signs common to children with Hunter syndrome include inguinal hernia, frequent ear and respiratory infections, facial dysmorphisms, macrocephaly, bone dysplasia, short stature, sleep apnea, and behavior problems. Diagnosis is based on screening urinary glycosaminoglycans and confirmation by measuring I2S activity and analyzing I2S gene mutations. Idursulfase (recombinant I2S) (Elaprase®, Shire) enzyme replacement therapy (ERT), designed to address the underlying enzyme deficiency, is approved treatment and improves walking capacity and respiratory function, and reduces spleen and liver size and urinary glycosaminoglycan levels. Additional measures, responding to the multi-organ manifestations, such as abdominal/inguinal hernia repair, carpal tunnel surgery, and cardiac valve replacement, should also be considered. Investigational treatment options such as intrathecal ERT are active areas of research, and bone marrow transplantation is in clinical practice. Communication among care providers, social workers, patients and families is essential to inform and guide their decisions, establish realistic expectations, and assess patients’ responses. PMID:25071396

  9. Guidelines for diagnosis and treatment of Hunter Syndrome for clinicians in Latin America

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Roberto Giugliani

    2014-06-01

    Full Text Available This review aims to provide clinicians in Latin America with the most current information on the clinical aspects, diagnosis, and management of Hunter syndrome, a serious and progressive disease for which specific treatment is available. Hunter syndrome is a genetic disorder where iduronate-2-sulfatase (I2S, an enzyme that degrades glycosaminoglycans, is absent or deficient. Clinical manifestations vary widely in severity and involve multiple organs and tissues. An attenuated and a severe phenotype are recognized depending on the degree of cognitive impairment. Early diagnosis is vital for disease management. Clinical signs common to children with Hunter syndrome include inguinal hernia, frequent ear and respiratory infections, facial dysmorphisms, macrocephaly, bone dysplasia, short stature, sleep apnea, and behavior problems. Diagnosis is based on screening urinary glycosaminoglycans and confirmation by measuring I2S activity and analyzing I2S gene mutations. Idursulfase (recombinant I2S (Elaprase®, Shire enzyme replacement therapy (ERT, designed to address the underlying enzyme deficiency, is approved treatment and improves walking capacity and respiratory function, and reduces spleen and liver size and urinary glycosaminoglycan levels. Additional measures, responding to the multi-organ manifestations, such as abdominal/inguinal hernia repair, carpal tunnel surgery, and cardiac valve replacement, should also be considered. Investigational treatment options such as intrathecal ERT are active areas of research, and bone marrow transplantation is in clinical practice. Communication among care providers, social workers, patients and families is essential to inform and guide their decisions, establish realistic expectations, and assess patients' responses.

  10. Indigenous knowledge of medicinal plants among Dozo hunters: an ethnobotanical survey in Niamberla village, Burkina Faso.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Tibiri, André; Sawadogo, Wamtinga Richard; Dao, Abou; Elkington, Bethany G; Ouedraogo, Noufou; Guissou, Innocent Pierre

    2015-05-01

    This investigation aims to provide a database of Dozo traditional knowledge of medicinal plants used for the treatment of common diseases. The study was conducted through individual interviews using a survey form. Data were recorded in a database allowing statistical analysis. Each plant was recorded and documented with a herbarium specimen. Settings/Location & Subjects: The term Dozo refers to great hunters from Burkina Faso, highly renowned for their knowledge of medicinal plants. Niamberla village was founded by Dozo hunters and is currently the residence of many traditional healers. Unfortunately, their indigenous knowledge is not well recorded and may be lost between two generations. A total of 16 traditional healers were interviewed, giving 89 recipes for the treatment of 37 diseases. The most common diseases are malaria (13%), psychological/spiritual issues (12%), gastric disorders (11%), sexually transmitted diseases (10%), and wounds (8%). A total of 56 medicinal plants have been identified, consisting mostly of trees (44%), shrubs (34%), and herbs (16%). The results of this research provide a basis for pharmacological and toxicological investigations and are necessary to preserve the indigenous knowledge of traditional medicine among Dozo hunters.

  11. Estimating occupancy and predicting numbers of gray wolf packs in Montana using hunter surveys

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rich, Lindsey N.; Russell, Robin E.; Glenn, Elizabeth M.; Mitchell, Michael S.; Gude, Justin A.; Podruzny, Kevin M.; Sime, Carolyn A.; Laudon, Kent; Ausband, David E.; Nichols, James D.

    2013-01-01

    Reliable knowledge of the status and trend of carnivore populations is critical to their conservation and management. Methods for monitoring carnivores, however, are challenging to conduct across large spatial scales. In the Northern Rocky Mountains, wildlife managers need a time- and cost-efficient method for monitoring gray wolf (Canis lupus) populations. Montana Fish, Wildlife and Parks (MFWP) conducts annual telephone surveys of >50,000 deer and elk hunters. We explored how survey data on hunters' sightings of wolves could be used to estimate the occupancy and distribution of wolf packs and predict their abundance in Montana for 2007–2009. We assessed model utility by comparing our predictions to MFWP minimum known number of wolf packs. We minimized false positive detections by identifying a patch as occupied if 2–25 wolves were detected by ≥3 hunters. Overall, estimates of the occupancy and distribution of wolf packs were generally consistent with known distributions. Our predictions of the total area occupied increased from 2007 to 2009 and predicted numbers of wolf packs were approximately 1.34–1.46 times the MFWP minimum counts for each year of the survey. Our results indicate that multi-season occupancy models based on public sightings can be used to monitor populations and changes in the spatial distribution of territorial carnivores across large areas where alternative methods may be limited by personnel, time, accessibility, and budget constraints.

  12. Migratory bird hunter opinions regarding potential management strategies for controlling light goose populations

    Science.gov (United States)

    Dinges, Andrew J.; Webb, Elisabeth B.; Vrtiska, Mark P.; Nilon, Charles H.; Wilhelm Stanis, Sonja A.

    2014-01-01

    We expanded the Nebraska Light Goose Conservation Order (LGCO) harvest survey (NE, USA) in spring 2012 to assess migratory bird hunter opinions regarding future management strategies for controlling light goose populations. Although hunters strongly agreed that population control of light geese was an important wildlife management issue, they were generally unsupportive of wildlife officials using forms of direct control methods to control light goose populations. Respondents who indicated participation in the 2012 LGCO were also less supportive of any form of direct control compared with migratory bird hunters who did not participate in the LGCO. When presented with alternative methods by wildlife officials for future light goose population control, respondents were most supportive of wildlife agencies selectively shooting light geese on migration and wintering areas and least supportive of wildlife officials using bait with approved chemicals to euthanize light geese. A clear understanding of public perception of various potential direct-control options will likely assist wildlife biologists in making informed decisions on how to proceed with population control of light geese.

  13. Neuraminidase subtyping of avian influenza viruses with PrimerHunter-designed primers and quadruplicate primer pools.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Huang, Yanyan; Khan, Mazhar I; Khan, Mazhar; Măndoiu, Ion; Măndoiu, Ion I

    2013-01-01

    We have previously developed a software package called PrimerHunter to design primers for PCR-based virus subtyping. In this study, 9 pairs of primers were designed with PrimerHunter and successfully used to differentiate the 9 neuraminidase (NA) genes of avian influenza viruses (AIVs) in multiple PCR-based assays. Furthermore, primer pools were designed and successfully used to decrease the number of reactions needed for NA subtyping from 9 to 4. The quadruplicate primer-pool method is cost-saving, and was shown to be suitable for the NA subtyping of both cultured AIVs and uncultured AIV swab samples. The primers selected for this study showed excellent sensitivity and specificity in NA subtyping by RT-PCR, SYBR green-based Real-time PCR and Real-time RT-PCR methods. AIV RNA of 2 to 200 copies (varied by NA subtypes) could be detected by these reactions. No unspecific amplification was displayed when detecting RNAs of other avian infectious viruses such as Infectious bronchitis virus, Infectious bursal disease virus and Newcastle disease virus. In summary, this study introduced several sensitive and specific PCR-based assays for NA subtyping of AIVs and also validated again the effectiveness of the PrimerHunter tool for the design of subtyping primers.

  14. Multimodal image analysis of the retina in Hunter syndrome (mucopolysaccharidosis type II): Case report.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Salvucci, Isadora Darriba Macedo; Finzi, Simone; Oyamada, Maria Kiyoko; Kim, Chong Ae; Pimentel, Sérgio Luis Gianotti

    2017-08-18

    We report a case of retinal and posterior ocular findings in a 33-year-old man diagnosed with Hunter syndrome (Mucopolysaccharidosis type II) in a multimodal imaging way. Our patient was complaining of blurred night vision for the past 3 years. He had not received any systemic treatment for Hunter syndrome. Vision acuity was 20/20 in both eyes and corneas were clear. Fundus examination revealed bilateral crowded and hyperemic optic nerve heads (elevated in the ocular ultrasound) and areas of subretinal hypopigmentation. There was hyperautofluorescence at the central fovea and perifovea, and a diffuse bilateral choroidal fluorescence in angiography. Macular SD-OCT showed a thinning of the external retina at the perifovea in both eyes. Visual field testing showed a bilateral ring scotoma. The full field ERG was subnormal, with a negative response in the scotopic phase. Visual Evoked Potencial test and cranial MRI were normal. Our multimodal analysis reported here attempted to contribute to the knowledge of the natural history of GAG deposition in the eye, focusing on the retina and retinal pigment epithelium. Defining this natural history is essential for a proper comparison with Hunter patients receiving systemic treatment, thus determining if it can or cannot improve retinal function in humans with this disorder.

  15. Effects of changing sea ice on marine mammals and subsistence hunters in northern Alaska from traditional knowledge interviews.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Huntington, Henry P; Quakenbush, Lori T; Nelson, Mark

    2016-08-01

    Marine mammals are important sources of food for indigenous residents of northern Alaska. Changing sea ice patterns affect the animals themselves as well as access to them by hunters. Documenting the traditional knowledge of Iñupiaq and Yupik hunters concerning marine mammals and sea ice makes accessible a wide range of information relevant to understanding the ecosystem to which humans belong. We interviewed hunters in 11 coastal villages from the northern Bering Sea to the Beaufort Sea. Hunters reported extensive changes in sea ice and weather that have affected the timing of marine mammal migrations, their distribution and behaviour and the efficacy of certain hunting methods. Amidst these changes, however, hunters cited offsetting technological benefits, such as more powerful and fuel-efficient outboard engines. Other concerns included potential impacts to subsistence hunting from industrial activity such as shipping and oil and gas development. While hunters have been able to adjust to some changes, continued environmental changes and increased disturbance from human activity may further challenge their ability to acquire food in the future. There are indications, however, that innovation and flexibility provide sources of resilience.

  16. Nonlocal Symmetries and Geometric Integrability of Multi-Component Camassa-Holm and Hunter-Saxton Systems

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    YAN Lu; SONG Jun-Feng; QU Chang-Zheng

    2011-01-01

    We present the multi-component Hunter-Saxton and μ-Camassa-Holm systems. It is shown that the multicomponent Camassa-Holm, Hunter-Saxton and μ-Camassa-Holm systems are geometrically integrable, namely they describe pseudo-spherical surfaces. As a consequence, their infinite number of conservation laws can be directly constructed. For the three-component Camo ssa-Holm and Hunter-Saxton systems, their nonlocal symmetries depending on the pseudo-potentials are obtained.%@@ We present the multi-component Hunter-Saxton and μ-Camassa-Holm systems.It is shown that the multicomponent Camassa-Holm,Hunter-Saxton and μ-Camassa-Holm systems are geometrically integrable,namely they describe pseudo-spherical surfaces.As a consequence,their infinite number of conservation laws can be directly constructed.For the three-component Camassa-Holm and Hunter-Saxton systems,their nonlocal symmetries depending on the pseudo-potentials are obtained.

  17. 大学生家庭教养方式、人格特征与心理健康状况关系的结构方程模型研究%The correlation of family parenting styles, personality characteristics and psychological health status among college students:a structural equation model study

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    范华; 高琦; 程灶火; 张付全; 王茜; 王丹; 杨桂民

    2015-01-01

    目的 采用结构方程模型探讨大学生心理健康状况与其家庭教养方式及人格特征之间的关系.方法 应用整群随机抽样在某大学抽取样本,最终获得有效样本4 866名(男性2 122人,女性2 744人),采用简式大五人格问卷(NEO-FFI)、百项心理症状问卷(PSI-100)、家庭教养方式问卷(FUSQ)进行调查,获得量表各维度的得分,采用Lisrel 8.7软件构建结构方程模型.结果 NEO-FFI总得分为(198.08±15.31)分,PSI-100总得分为(167.08±68.23)分,父亲教养方式总得分为(457.80±62.10)分,母亲教养方式总得分为(459.27±61.91)分.结构方程模型分析结果显示,人格因素中友善性、严谨性、开放性的人格与心理症状呈负相关(路径系数=-0.73,P<0.05);教养方式中正向的教养方式(母亲民主、激励、理解,父亲尊重、管教)与心理症状呈负相关(路径系数=-0.18,P<0.05).结论 初步建立了家庭教养方式、人格特征与心理健康状况的理论关系模型.结构方程模型发现家庭教养方式可以直接影响心理状况,人格特征对大学生的心理状态可能有直接影响,人格特征作为“中介变量”调节家庭教养方式与大学生心理状况的关系.%Objective To explore the relationship between college students' psychological health status,family parenting styles and personality characteristics using the structural equation model.Methods A total of 4 866 College students (2 122 males,2 744 females) were surveyed with NEO five-factor inventory (NEO-FFI),family upbringing style questionnaire(FUSQ) and psychological symptom inventory-100(PSI-100).Lisrel 8.7 was used to construct the structural equation model.Results NEO-FFI total score was 198.08±15.31,PSI-100 total score was 167.08±68.23,father upbringing style questionnaire total score was 457.80±62.10,and mother upbringing style questionnaire total score was 459.27±61.91.For the factors of personality,the more influential factors were

  18. 不同个性中国女大学生经前期综合征的症状及其应对方式研究%Relationships between premenstrual syndrome symptoms and coping styles in female college students with different personalities

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张永爱; 安瑞芳; 唐争艳; 李静; 张海苗

    2013-01-01

    目的 探讨不同个性类型女大学生经前期综合征(premenstrual syndrome,PMS)相关症状及其应对方式的差异,为不同个性女大学生经前期综合征制定个体化干预方案提供科学依据.方法 通过多阶段分层整群随机抽样的方法,抽取中国不同地区12所大学,72个班2508名女大学生为调查对象,采用艾森克人格问卷、月经症状量表以及月经应对方式量表进行调查.资料分析利用SPSS Windows Program 18.0进行单向分类-方差分析.结果 不同个性女大学生经前期综合征的症状总分之间,差异有统计学意义(F=53.38,P<0.001).不同个性女大学生的PMS症状6个领域即疼痛、注意力下降、行为改变、自主神经反应、钠水潴留、否定情绪反应分数之间,差异亦均有统计学意义(P <0.001).内向稳定型和外向稳定型、内向不稳定型和外向不稳定型分数之间差异无统计学意义(P>0.05),但内向稳定型、外向稳定型分别与内向不稳定型、外向不稳定型分数进行比较,不稳定型得分高,差异有统计学意义(P均<0.001).不同个性女大学生PMS各种应对方式即一般应对方式、积极行为应对方式、积极认知应对方式、消极应对方式的分数之间,差异均有统计学意义(P<0.001).内向稳定型分别和内向不稳定型、外向稳定型、外向不稳定型分数比较差异有统计学意义(P均<0.001).结论 不同个性女大学生的PMS相关症状及其应对方式存在差异,应根据不同个性类别给予针对性的干预方案,为女大学生个体化性健康教育程序的制定提供可靠的理论依据.%Objective To explore the relationships between premenstrual syndrome (PMS) symptoms, coping styles and personalities, and to provide scientific basis for making the individual intervention plans of PMS to female college students with different personalities. Methods Through multistage stratified cluster random sampling, the

  19. Adult attachment styles

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Maša Žvelc

    2007-01-01

    Full Text Available Theory of attachment primarily described early relationships between a child and his caretakers. In the last twenty years there is a growing interest in adult attachment research. Theories and research findings of adult attachment stem from two different methodological approaches. The first approach measures adult attachment through Adult Attachment Interview (AAI; Main, 1991 where the attachment is assessed through the narratives of adult people of their early child experiences with their primary caretakers. The second approach measures adult attachment with the help of self-evaluative questionnaires, developed by (a Hazan and Shaver (1987 who started this approach in the field of personality and social psychology, and (b Bartholomew and Horowitz (1991. Research shows that there is significant correlation between early and adult attachment style. Attachment styles are passed from generation to generation. Basic adult attachment styles are: securely attached, preoccupied, fearful-avoidant, dismissing-avoidant and disorganized. Previous research using Barholomew and Horowitz (1991 Relationship Questionnaire on 176 Slovenian students showed that 48% students are securely attached, 29% are fearful-avoidant, 10% are dismissing-avoidant, and 13% have preoccupied attachment style. Theory of attachment is very useful for understanding the behavior and subjective experiences of children and adults. It is applicable to different contexts (psychotherapy, counseling, education .... The paper proposes further research focused on integration of adult attachment styles and types of object relations measured by Test of object relations (Žvelc, 1998 and Pictorial test of Separation and Individuation (Žvelc, 2003.

  20. The Effect of Type of Podcasts and Learning Styles on Language Proficiency and Confidence

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kelly, Wei Qiang; Klein, James D.

    2016-01-01

    This study examined the effect of type of podcasts and learning styles on speaking, listening, and confidence when college used podcasts for learning Chinese. It focused on college students enrolled in a beginning-level Chinese course at a large university in the southeastern United States. Findings indicated that listening to grammar podcasts…

  1. Effects of Family Functioning and Parenting Style on Early Entrants' Academic Performance and Program Completion

    Science.gov (United States)

    Huey, Erron L.; Sayler, Michael F.; Rinn, Anne N.

    2013-01-01

    The purpose of the current study was to examine the predictive nature of parenting style and overall family environment on the academic performance and program completion of early college entrants. Furthermore, gender and family form were examined as possible moderators to these relationships. A total of 88 early college entrants participated in…

  2. Effects of Family Functioning and Parenting Style on Early Entrants' Academic Performance and Program Completion

    Science.gov (United States)

    Huey, Erron L.; Sayler, Michael F.; Rinn, Anne N.

    2013-01-01

    The purpose of the current study was to examine the predictive nature of parenting style and overall family environment on the academic performance and program completion of early college entrants. Furthermore, gender and family form were examined as possible moderators to these relationships. A total of 88 early college entrants participated in…

  3. 大学生自我价值感、应对方式与自我和谐的调查研究——以贵阳市为例%College Students'self-esteem, coping style and self harmonious investigation--in Guiyang City as an example

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    刘婧

    2012-01-01

    The following conclusions come from the questionnaire surveys on 550 college students in Guiyang by self-esteem scale, short coping style scale, self-consistency and congruence scale, the results show there are gender differences on college students" self and experience, active coping styles and special selfworth of personal orientation;it's dramatically different between different grades on active coping way and the rigidity of self. There are significant differences on parents" literacy degree about inactive coping way, the general self-esteem and self-flexibility as well. Guiding college students to know and evaluate themselves objectively should be focus on is strongly reconmended when mental health education is given and the content should be specific and match up with family education.%采用自我价值感量表、简易应对方式问卷与自我和谐量表对贵阳市550名在校大学生进行调查研究,结果显示:大学生自我与经验的不和谐、积极应对方式、个人取向的特殊自我价值感存在着性别差异;积极应对方式与自我的刻板性在年级上存在显著差异;消极应对方式在父母文化程度上存在显著差异;总体自我价值感与自我的灵活性在母亲文化程度上存在显著差异。建议:高校在开展心理健康教育时,要着重引导大学生客观地认识、评价自己,内容要有针对性并且注重家庭教育的配合。

  4. 大学生情感虐待与创伤后应激障碍、社会支持及应对方式的关系%THE RELATION AMONG PARENTS' EMOTIONAL ABUSE OF COLLEGE STUDENTS AND THEIR PTSD SYMPTOMS, SOCIAL SUPPORTS AND COPING STYLES

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    侯艳飞; 赵静波; 杨雪岭

    2011-01-01

    [目的]了解被父母情感虐待与大学生创伤后应激障碍(PTSD)、社会支持及应对方式的关系.[方法]随机整群抽取广州某大学大一和大二的学生800名,用创伤后应激障碍自评量表(PTSD-SS)、领悟社会支持量表(PSSS)和简易应对方式问卷(SCSQ)进行调查.回收有效问卷757份,有效率为97.2%.[结果]曾受到父母情感虐待的大学生有47人,阳性率为6.2%.卡方检验结果显示,性别、是否独生子女、父母亲受教育程度等人口学因素与情感虐待均无明显关联(P值均>0.05).有情感虐待经历的大学生比未受情感虐待者的积极应对得分明显偏低,PTSD总分及各因子分、消极应对得分、领悟社会支持总分及各因子分均明显偏高,两组差异均有统计学意义(P<0.05).[结论]有虐待经历的大学生,成年后的VFSD症状明显、领悟社会支持较差、消极应对方式多、积极应对方式较少.%[Objective]To explore the relation among parents' emotional abuse of college students and their PTSD symptoms, social supports and coping styles in adults.[Methods]A cross-sectional survey was carried out among 800 freshmen and sophomores students from a medical university in Guangzhou.The participants were asked to fill post-traumatic stress disorder self-rating scale (PTSD-SS), Perceived Social Support Scale (PSSS) and simplified coping style questionnaire (SCSQ).A total of 757 questionnaires were effective, and the effective rate was 97.2%.[Results]6.2% of college students were emotionally abused by their parents and the number was 47.The prevalence of abuse was not affected by sex, only children, fathers' or mothers' academic qualifications.The college students who were abused got a low score in active responds and a high one in PTSD, negative responds and social support.All the scores between the abusing group and the control group differed significantly.[Conclusion]The college students who are abused get obvious PTSD

  5. Management styles and motivation.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Shearer, Dana Ann

    2012-01-01

    According to a review of the current literature, common managerial styles are transformational, transactional, and laissez-faire. When managers expand their leadership skills to improve the staff's morale, they must use a combination of transformational leadership behaviors and transactional contingent rewards to maximize their effectiveness on employees. A motivation theory such as Herzberg and Maslow enhances employees' motivation, morale, and satisfaction. Being able to motivate, empower, and influence staff improves satisfaction and retention levels among the team. A manager's leadership style influences motivation, morale, and retention in staff. Leaders are influenced by their educational development and the organizational culture. Organizational culture has an impact on a manager's style, which is forwarded to their followers.

  6. Example based style classification

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Welnicka, Katarzyna; Bærentzen, Jakob Andreas; Aanæs, Henrik

    2011-01-01

    We address the problem of analysis of families of shapes which can be classified according to two categories: the main one corresponding usually to the coarse shape which we call the function and the more subtle one which we call the style. The style and the function both contribute to the overall...... shape which makes the general analysis and retrieval of such shapes more challenging. Also there is no single way of defining the style as this depends much on the context of the family of shapes used for the analysis. That is why the definition needs to be given through the examples. The straight...... this similarity should be reflected across different functions. We show the usability of our methods first on the example of a number of chess sets which our method helps sort. Next, we investigate the problem of finding a replacement for a missing tooth given a database of teeth....

  7. Match the Style of Instruction to the Style of Reading

    Science.gov (United States)

    Carbo, Marie

    2009-01-01

    Many reading problems are caused by using the wrong teaching methods. This article advocates using a reading style inventory and matching the teaching method to the student's reading style. The author holds copyright to this article. (Contains 3 figures.)

  8. Demystifying APA style.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cuddy, Claudia M

    2002-01-01

    Many nursing schools and health care journals have adopted the Publication Manual of the American Psychological Association (APA stylebook) as their guide to achieve uniformity and consistency in manuscript preparation as well as in usage and writing style. Published in 2001, the fifth edition of the APA stylebook contains 440 pages and can overwhelm someone who tries to use it for the first time. This article delineates main points in the areas of manuscript preparation, reference lists, in-text citations, and style choices.

  9. Identifying learning styles.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hughes, Grace

    2016-12-14

    What was the nature of the CPD activity, practice-related feedback and/or event and/or experience in your practice? The article explored different learning styles and outlined some of the models that can be used to identify them. It discussed the limitations of these models, indicating that although they can be helpful in identifying a student's preferred learning style, this is not 'fixed' and might change over time. Learning is also influenced by other factors, such as culture and age.

  10. Assessment of learning style in a sample of saudi medical students.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Buali, Waleed Hamad Al; Balaha, Magdy Hassan; Muhaidab, Nouria Saab Al

    2013-01-01

    NONE DECLARED. By knowing the different students' learning styles, teachers can plan their instruction carefully in ways that are capitalized on student preferences. The current research is done to determine specific learning styles of students. This cross sectional study was conducted in Al Ahsa College of Medicine from 2011 to 2012. A sample of 518 students completed a questionnaire based on Kolb inventory (LSI 2) to determine their learning style. A spreadsheet was prepared to compute all the information to get the cumulative scores of learning abilities and identify the learning styles. The mean values of the learning abilities; active experimentation (AE), reflective observation (RO), abstract conceptualizing (AC) or concrete experience (CE) for male students were 35, 28, 30 and 26 respectively while they were 31, 30, 31 and 29 respectively for female students. There were significant difference between male and female students regarding the mean values of AE-RO (6.7 vs 1.5) and AC-CE (4.1 vs 2.1). This indicated that the style of male students were more convergent and accommodating than those of female students. The female had more assimilating and divergent styles. Learning style in Saudi medical students showed difference between males and females in the early college years. Most male students had convergent and accommodating learning styles, while the female dominant learning styles were divergent and assimilating. Planning and implementation of instruction need to consider these findings.

  11. Site Formation Processes and Hunter-Gatherers Use of Space in a Tropical Environment: A Geo-Ethnoarchaeological Approach from South India

    OpenAIRE

    Friesem, David E.; Lavi, Noa; Madella, Marco; Ajithprasad, P; French, C

    2016-01-01

    Hunter-gatherer societies have distinct social perceptions and practices which are expressed in unique use of space and material deposition patterns. However, the identification of archaeological evidence associated with hunter-gatherer activity is often challenging, especially in tropical environments such as rainforests. We present an integrated study combining ethnoarchaeology and geoarchaeology in order to study archaeological site formation processes related to hunter-gatherers’ ways of ...

  12. Leadership Style: Attitudes and Behaviors.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hersey, Paul; Blanchard, Kenneth H.

    1982-01-01

    Discusses significant differences between the Grid and Situational leadership styles. Examines the difference between attitudes and behaviors, gives examples, and explores the relationship between self-perception and leadership style. (CT)

  13. Style and creativity in design

    CERN Document Server

    Chan, Chiu-Shui

    2015-01-01

    This book looks at causative reasons behind creative acts and stylistic expressions. It explores how creativity is initiated by design cognition and explains relationships between style and creativity. The book establishes a new cognitive theory of style and creativity in design and provides designers with insights into their own cognitive processes and styles of thinking, supporting a better understanding of the qualities present in their own design.  An explanation of the nature of design cognition begins this work, with a look at how design knowledge is formulated, developed, structured and utilized, and how this utilization triggers style and creativity. The author goes on to review historical studies of style, considering a series of psychological experiments relating to the operational definition, degree, measurement, and creation of style. The work conceptually summarizes the recognition of individual style in products, as well as the creation of such styles as a process before reviewing studies on cr...

  14. Styles of Communication

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Camelia M. Cmeciu

    2009-07-01

    Full Text Available Styles of Communicationeste o nouărevistăinternaţionalăcare va fipublicatăanual de Facultatea detiinţe ale Comunicării, Universitatea„Danubius” din Galaţi, în colaborare cu Comitetul de Filologie al Academieidetiinţe din Polonia, filiala Wroclaw.

  15. Cultural Styles of Persuasion

    Science.gov (United States)

    Glenn, E. S.; And Others

    1977-01-01

    Offers an alternative methodology for studying persuasive strategies by examining the persuasive strategies selected by professional persuaders representing those cultures being studied. Analyzes the persuasive styles of United States, Soviet Union and Arab diplomats involved in international negotiations in the Security Council of the United…

  16. Creating a Leadership Style

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bonnici, Charles A.

    2011-01-01

    Many articles about school improvement talk about data-driven instruction and statistics. In the barrage of evaluative numbers, school leaders can forget that teaching and leading are arts, not sciences. Positive outcomes depend on the ambience of the school, which is a direct result of the leadership style of its principal and assistant…

  17. Communicating with Style.

    Science.gov (United States)

    D'Onofrio, Judy

    1992-01-01

    To develop strong channels of communication with teachers, principals must first determine which communication style (intuitor, thinker, sensor, or feeler) each individual favors. Then principals can open one-to-one communication channels, establish effective teaching teams, form more productive committees, and solve problems efficiently. Also,…

  18. Tigers with Artistic Style.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Holt, Maureen

    2003-01-01

    Presents an art lesson used with sixth-grade students in which they painted their school mascot (a tiger) in the style of a famous artist. Explains that students selected an artist, such as Andrew Wyeth or Edvard Munch. Describes how the students created their tigers. (CMK)

  19. Perspective: Louisville Style

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lott, Debra

    2010-01-01

    Louisville, Kentucky is an eclectic town of architectural styles from Greek revival to Renaissance Revival to Post modernism, not to mention an entire street dedicated to artsy mom and pop stores. Louisville is second only to the New York City Soho district in terms of the number of its cast-iron facades. Many of these building's fronts have…

  20. Growing for wine style

    Science.gov (United States)

    An overview of grape metabolites from anabolism and catabolism during berry development, and their significance to different wine styles. For example, grape secondary metabolites, such as phenolics, have long been valuable for the organoleptic properties they impart to fruit and wine, but more recen...

  1. Perspective: Louisville Style

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lott, Debra

    2010-01-01

    Louisville, Kentucky is an eclectic town of architectural styles from Greek revival to Renaissance Revival to Post modernism, not to mention an entire street dedicated to artsy mom and pop stores. Louisville is second only to the New York City Soho district in terms of the number of its cast-iron facades. Many of these building's fronts have…

  2. Gender Difference in Learning Style

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    黄芳

    2008-01-01

    This article mainly focused on learning styles and its relative influence on language learning proficiency,as well as gender difference in terms of learning style.Through a litemture review,I found many learning style models.Also,there were many variations among the students in use of these models.The acquaintances of learning style may benefit students and language instructors to adapt teaching and learning to individual differences among students.This can enhance education effectiveness.

  3. Put Your Style at Stake

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Johnsen, Christian Garmann; Olaison, Lena; Meier Sørensen, Bent

    2017-01-01

    that sustainable entrepreneurship consists of making an environmentally friendly and socially conscious style durable, but also of disrupting such a style. In order to illustrate our argument, we use the example of the sustainable smartphone producer Fairphone. In conclusion, we argue that the concept of style may...

  4. Parenting Style Transitions and Delinquency

    Science.gov (United States)

    Schroeder, Ryan D.; Mowen, Thomas J.

    2014-01-01

    Parenting style has been extensively analyzed as a contributor to juvenile delinquency in the criminological literature, but no research to date has assessed the prevalence of parenting style changes during adolescence or the influence of such parenting style changes on juvenile delinquency. Drawing from the life course theory, the results show…

  5. Parenting Style Transitions and Delinquency

    Science.gov (United States)

    Schroeder, Ryan D.; Mowen, Thomas J.

    2014-01-01

    Parenting style has been extensively analyzed as a contributor to juvenile delinquency in the criminological literature, but no research to date has assessed the prevalence of parenting style changes during adolescence or the influence of such parenting style changes on juvenile delinquency. Drawing from the life course theory, the results show…

  6. Style drift in private equity

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    D. Cumming; G. Fleming; A. Schwienbacher

    2009-01-01

    We introduce the concept of style drift to private equity investment. We present theory and evidence pertaining to style drifts in terms of a fund manager's stated focus on particular stages of entrepreneurial development. We develop a model that derives conditions under which style drifts are less

  7. The Myth of Learning Styles

    Science.gov (United States)

    Riener, Cedar; Willingham, Daniel

    2010-01-01

    There is no credible evidence that learning styles exist. In this article, the authors begin by defining "learning styles"; then they address the claims made by those who believe that they exist, in the process acknowledging what the authors consider the valid claims of learning-styles theorists. But in separating the wheat from the…

  8. Strategies for Bridging Learning Styles

    Science.gov (United States)

    Birchman, J. A.; Sadowski, M. A.

    2007-01-01

    Regardless of the instrument used to determine learning styles, it is commonly accepted that people learn in different ways. As Professors, we tend to teach in a style that matches the way we ourselves learn. Tis may or may not match the learning styles of the students in our classroom. As Graphics educators, we cannot meet every student's…

  9. Learning styles in otolaryngology fellowships.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Varela, David A Diaz Voss; Malik, Mohammad U; Laeeq, Kulsoom; Pandian, Vinciya; Brown, David J; Weatherly, Robert A; Cummings, Charles W; Bhatti, Nasir I

    2011-12-01

    Previous studies have identified a predominant learning style in trainees from different specialties, more recently in otolaryngology residents. The purpose of our study was to determine a predominant learning style within otolaryngology fellowships and to identify any differences between otolaryngology fellows and residents. We conducted a survey of otolaryngology fellows at 25 otolaryngology fellowship programs accredited by the Accreditation Council for Graduate Medical Education. We emailed Kolb's Learning Style Index version 3.1 to 16 pediatric otolaryngology (PO) and 24 otology/neurotology (ON) fellows. This index is a widely used 12-item questionnaire. The participants answered each item in the questionnaire as it applied to their preferred learning style: accommodating, converging, diverging, or assimilating. Results were then analyzed and compared between each subspecialty and the previously reported preferred styles of otolaryngology residents. Ten PO and 20 ON fellows completed the survey, with an overall response rate of 75%. PO and ON fellows (60% of each group) preferred a learning style that was "balanced" across all four styles. For ON fellows, 35% preferred converging and 5% preferred accommodating styles. For PO fellows, converging and accommodating styles accounted for 20% each. It was previously reported that 74.4% of otolaryngology residents prefer either converging or accommodating styles. We believe that the fellowship training environment calls for fellows to use more than one learning style to become proficient physicians, hence the trend toward potentially developing a balanced style when at this level. Copyright © 2011 The American Laryngological, Rhinological, and Otological Society, Inc.

  10. Dominant Leadership Style in Schools

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rajbhandari, Mani Man Singh

    2006-01-01

    The dominant leadership style is defined by the situation and the kind of organizational environment and climate. This, however, does not sufficiently define the leadership qualities in school organizations. There are other factors which also determine the dominant leadership style, which are the traits and style, teachers commitments, pass out…

  11. Attachment style and interpersonal trauma in refugees.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Morina, Naser; Schnyder, Ulrich; Schick, Matthis; Nickerson, Angela; Bryant, Richard A

    2016-12-01

    Refugees can suffer many experiences that threaten their trust in others. Although models of refugee mental health have postulated that attachment securities may be damaged by refugee experiences, this has yet to be empirically tested. This study aimed to understand the relationship between the nature of traumatic experiences sustained by refugees and attachment styles. In a cross-sectional study, treatment-seeking refugees (N = 134) were assessed for traumatic exposure using the Harvard Trauma Questionnaire and Posttraumatic Diagnostic Scale. Attachment style was assessed using the Experiences in Close Relationship Scale. Whereas gender and severity of interpersonal traumatic events predicted avoidant attachment style (accounting for 11% of the variance), neither these factors nor non-interpersonal trauma predicted anxious attachment. Exposure to interpersonal traumatic events, including torture, is associated with enduring avoidant attachment tendencies in refugees. This finding accords with attachment theories that prior adverse interpersonal experiences can undermine secure attachment systems, and may promote avoidance of attachment seeking. This finding may point to an important process maintaining poor psychological health in refugees affected by interpersonal trauma. © The Royal Australian and New Zealand College of Psychiatrists 2016.

  12. LEARNING STYLES ADOPTED BY MEDICAL STUDENTS

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Chinmay Shah

    2011-12-01

    Full Text Available Learning results in gain of knowledge, skills and attitudes. Some like to learn by seeing, some by hearing and some by demonstration. Learning style influences the retention of information and depth of comprehension. Understanding their preferred learning styles as visual, auditory, read-write or kinesthetic learners will help improve the teaching methods adopted. Role of the educator necessitates making the most of each teaching opportunity by understanding the characteristics of the learning audience and incorporating demonstrated principles of adult educational design, with a focus on collaborative learning and variety in presentation techniques. The goal is to provide student oriented education, producing efficient doctors. A cross-sectional study among 92 medical students of the Govt. Medical College, Bhavnagar, conducted in 2009. VARK questionnaire was used to access their learning preference. Preference for different learning styles were, visual (V 1.08%, auditory (A 20.65%, reading/writing (R 2.17% and kinesthetic (K 17.39%. 41.30% of the total 92 students preferred a single mode of information presentation. Of the 92 students who preferred multiple modes of information presentation, some preferred two modes (bimodal, 31.52%, some preferred three modes (tri-modal, 27.13%, and only one student preferred quadri-modal.

  13. Survey and analysis of mental health status and coping styles in students from vocational-technical colleges%高职院校学生心理健康状况调查及应对方式分析

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    尚效贤; 姚应水; 陈燕; 黄志伟; 祁秦; 倪仕钢; 康耀文; 聂淼; 臧洪艳; 贺连平

    2012-01-01

    Objective: To investigate the mental health status, important types of psychological problems and coping styles affecting the mental health in academy undergraduates. Methods : We conducted a survey on 3 867 students from two specialized institutions using symptom checklist-90 ( SCL-90 ) and trait coping style questionnaire( TCSQ ). Results: As compared with the National Norms for Youth, the total average score for the subjects on SCL-90 appeared higher regarding the factors of interpersonal sensitivity, depression, hostility, phobic anxiety and psychoticism, which suggested statistical difference ( P < 0. 05 ). Although the total average scores on SCL-90 and related factor scoring were negatively correlated with the active coping styles( P < 0. 01 ),yet positively with the negative coping ones( P <0. 01 ). Conclusion:The mental health status in academy undergraduates seems not so optimistic. Now that the positive coping style is conducive to keeping the mental health in good condition and negative one may produce an adverse effect on the mental health,we suggest that school authorities should take effective measures aiming at the specific problems to improve the mental health levels of this population.%目的:了解专科院校大学生的心理健康状况、心理问题的主要类型以及应对方式对心理健康的影响.方法:采用症状自评量表(SCL-90)及特质应对问卷对两所专科院校3 867名不同专业大学生进行调查.结果:本次调查对象SCL-90的总均分及人际敏感、抑郁、敌对、恐怖、精神病性等因子分高于全国青年常模,且差异有统计学意义(P<0.05);SCL-90的总均分及其因子分与积极应对方式呈负相关(P<0.01),与消极应对方式呈正相关(P<0.01).结论:专科院校大学生心理健康状况不容乐观;积极应对方式有利于保持心理健康,而消极应对方式则对心理健康造成不良影响,学校应采取有针对性的心理健康教育措施,以提高学生心理健康水平.

  14. Research on Relations hip Between Parenting Style, Self-Disclosure and Loneliness for Vocational College Students%高职大学生父母教养方式、自我表露与孤独感的关系研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    黄婧

    2016-01-01

    通过运用一系列问卷调查方式,对550名大学生进行了深入调查,以了解大学生父母教养方式、自我表露和孤独感的关系。结果表明:父母教养方式中父亲与母亲温暖理解能够有效减少子女孤独感;相反,父亲和母亲拒绝否认、惩罚严厉则会使得子女孤独感增强。此外,子女自我表露程度越大,他们的孤独感相应减弱,但是这跟是否能够真切表露、表露程度、表露的内容、表露的对象密切相关。%By using a series of questionnaire , thi s p aper carries out a thorough investigation on 550 college students to realize the relationship between parenting style , self-disclosure and loneliness . The results are as follows: The warm and understanding affection of the parents can effectively reduces chil-dren's loneliness in parenting style . On the contrary , parents' refusal of denying and severe punishment will increase children's loneliness . In addition , the more self-disclosure children shows , the weaker their loneliness will be , while it is closely related to the degree , content , object of self-disclosure and the way they show themselves truly .

  15. Using obsidian transfer distances to explore social network maintenance in late Pleistocene hunter-gatherers.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Pearce, Eiluned; Moutsiou, Theodora

    2014-12-01

    Social behaviour is notoriously difficult to study archaeologically and it is unclear how large the networks of prehistoric humans were, or how they remained connected. Maintaining social cohesion was crucial for early humans because social networks facilitate cooperation and are imperative for survival and reproduction. Recent hunter-gatherer social organisation typically comprises a number of nested layers, ranging from the nuclear family through to the ~1500-strong ethnolinguistic tribe. Here we compare maximum obsidian transfer distances from the late Pleistocene with ethnographic data on the size of the geographic areas associated with each of these social grouping layers in recent hunter-gatherers. The closest match between the two is taken to indicate the maximum social layer within which contact could be sustained by Pleistocene hominins. Within both the (sub)tropical African and Subarctic biomes, the maximum obsidian transfer distances for Pleistocene modern humans (~200km and ~400km respectively) correspond to the geographic ranges of the outermost tribal layer in recent hunter-gatherers. This suggests that modern humans could potentially sustain the cohesion of their entire tribe at all latitudes, even though networks are more dispersed nearer the poles. Neanderthal obsidian transfer distances (300km) indicate that although Neanderthal home ranges are larger than those of low latitude hominins, Neanderthals travelled shorter distances than modern humans living at the same high latitudes. We argue that, like modern humans, Neanderthals could have maintained tribal cohesion, but that their tribes were substantially smaller than those of contemporary modern humans living in similar environments. The greater time taken to traverse the larger modern human tribal ranges may have limited the frequency of their face-to-face interactions and thus necessitated additional mechanisms to ensure network connectivity, such as the exchange of symbolic artefacts

  16. Settlement-Size Scaling among Prehistoric Hunter-Gatherer Settlement Systems in the New World.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Haas, W Randall; Klink, Cynthia J; Maggard, Greg J; Aldenderfer, Mark S

    2015-01-01

    Settlement size predicts extreme variation in the rates and magnitudes of many social and ecological processes in human societies. Yet, the factors that drive human settlement-size variation remain poorly understood. Size variation among economically integrated settlements tends to be heavy tailed such that the smallest settlements are extremely common and the largest settlements extremely large and rare. The upper tail of this size distribution is often formalized mathematically as a power-law function. Explanations for this scaling structure in human settlement systems tend to emphasize complex socioeconomic processes including agriculture, manufacturing, and warfare-behaviors that tend to differentially nucleate and disperse populations hierarchically among settlements. But, the degree to which heavy-tailed settlement-size variation requires such complex behaviors remains unclear. By examining the settlement patterns of eight prehistoric New World hunter-gatherer settlement systems spanning three distinct environmental contexts, this analysis explores the degree to which heavy-tailed settlement-size scaling depends on the aforementioned socioeconomic complexities. Surprisingly, the analysis finds that power-law models offer plausible and parsimonious statistical descriptions of prehistoric hunter-gatherer settlement-size variation. This finding reveals that incipient forms of hierarchical settlement structure may have preceded socioeconomic complexity in human societies and points to a need for additional research to explicate how mobile foragers came to exhibit settlement patterns that are more commonly associated with hierarchical organization. We propose that hunter-gatherer mobility with preferential attachment to previously occupied locations may account for the observed structure in site-size variation.

  17. Bartonella henselae infection in a family experiencing neurological and neurocognitive abnormalities after woodlouse hunter spider bites

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-01-01

    Background Bartonella species comprise a group of zoonotic pathogens that are usually acquired by vector transmission or by animal bites or scratches. Methods PCR targeting the Bartonella 16S-23S intergenic spacer (ITS) region was used in conjunction with BAPGM (Bartonella alpha Proteobacteria growth medium) enrichment blood culture to determine the infection status of the family members and to amplify DNA from spiders and woodlice. Antibody titers to B. vinsonii subsp. berkhoffii (Bvb) genotypes I-III, B. henselae (Bh) and B. koehlerae (Bk) were determined using an IFA test. Management of the medical problems reported by these patients was provided by their respective physicians. Results In this investigation, immediately prior to the onset of symptoms two children in a family experienced puncture-like skin lesions after exposure to and presumptive bites from woodlouse hunter spiders. Shortly thereafter, the mother and both children developed hive-like lesions. Over the ensuing months, the youngest son was diagnosed with Guillain-Barre (GBS) syndrome followed by Chronic Inflammatory Demyelinating Polyradiculoneuropathy (CIDP). The older son developed intermittent disorientation and irritability, and the mother experienced fatigue, headaches, joint pain and memory loss. When tested approximately three years after the woodlouse hunter spider infestation, all three family members were Bartonella henselae seroreactive and B. henselae DNA was amplified and sequenced from blood, serum or Bartonella alpha-proteobacteria (BAPGM) enrichment blood cultures from the mother and oldest son. Also, B. henselae DNA was PCR amplified and sequenced from a woodlouse and from woodlouse hunter spiders collected adjacent to the family’s home. Conclusions Although it was not possible to determine whether the family’s B. henselae infections were acquired by spider bites or whether the spiders and woodlice were merely accidental hosts, physicians should consider the possibility that B

  18. Thoracolumbar kyphoscoliosis with unilateral subluxation of the spine and postoperative lumbar spondylolisthesis in Hunter syndrome.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Roberts, Simon B; Tsirikos, Athanasios I

    2016-03-01

    Surgical correction for kyphoscoliosis is increasingly being performed for patients with mucopolysaccharidosis (MPS). Reported case series have predominantly included patients with Type I (Hurler) and Type IV (Morquio) MPS. To their knowledge, the authors describe the first case report of surgical management of thoracolumbar kyphoscoliosis in Hunter syndrome (MPS Type II) and the rare occurrence of lumbar spondylolisthesis following surgical stabilization. A 12-year-old boy with Hunter syndrome presented with severe thoracolumbar kyphoscoliosis and no associated symptoms. Spinal radiographs demonstrated kyphosis of 48° (T11-L3) and scoliosis of 22° (T11-L3) with an anteriorly hypoplastic L-1 vertebra. The deformity progressed to kyphosis of 60° and scoliosis of 42° prior to surgical intervention. Spinal CT scans identified left T12-L1 facet subluxation, causing anterior rotatory displacement of the spine proximal to L-1 and bilateral L-5 isthmic spondylolysis with no spondylolisthesis. A combined single-stage anterior and posterior instrumented spinal arthrodesis from T-9 to L-4 was performed. Kyphosis and scoliosis were corrected to 4° and 0°, respectively. Prolonged ventilator support and nasogastric feedings were required for 3 months postoperatively. At 2.5 years following surgery, the patient was asymptomatic, mobilizing independently, and had achieved a solid spinal fusion. However, he had also developed a Grade II spondylolisthesis at L4-5; this was managed nonoperatively in the absence of symptoms or further deterioration of the spondylolisthesis to the 3.5-year postoperative follow-up visit. Satisfactory correction of thoracolumbar kyphoscoliosis in Hunter syndrome can be achieved by combined anterior/posterior instrumented arthrodesis. The risk of developing deformity or instability in motion segments adjacent to an instrumented fusion may be greater in patients with MPS related to the underlying connective tissue disorder.

  19. Settlement-Size Scaling among Prehistoric Hunter-Gatherer Settlement Systems in the New World.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    W Randall Haas

    Full Text Available Settlement size predicts extreme variation in the rates and magnitudes of many social and ecological processes in human societies. Yet, the factors that drive human settlement-size variation remain poorly understood. Size variation among economically integrated settlements tends to be heavy tailed such that the smallest settlements are extremely common and the largest settlements extremely large and rare. The upper tail of this size distribution is often formalized mathematically as a power-law function. Explanations for this scaling structure in human settlement systems tend to emphasize complex socioeconomic processes including agriculture, manufacturing, and warfare-behaviors that tend to differentially nucleate and disperse populations hierarchically among settlements. But, the degree to which heavy-tailed settlement-size variation requires such complex behaviors remains unclear. By examining the settlement patterns of eight prehistoric New World hunter-gatherer settlement systems spanning three distinct environmental contexts, this analysis explores the degree to which heavy-tailed settlement-size scaling depends on the aforementioned socioeconomic complexities. Surprisingly, the analysis finds that power-law models offer plausible and parsimonious statistical descriptions of prehistoric hunter-gatherer settlement-size variation. This finding reveals that incipient forms of hierarchical settlement structure may have preceded socioeconomic complexity in human societies and points to a need for additional research to explicate how mobile foragers came to exhibit settlement patterns that are more commonly associated with hierarchical organization. We propose that hunter-gatherer mobility with preferential attachment to previously occupied locations may account for the observed structure in site-size variation.

  20. Effect of Piper chaba Hunter, Piper sarmentosum Roxb. and Piper interruptum Opiz. on natural killer cell activity and lymphocyte proliferation.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Panthong, Sumalee; Itharat, Arunporn

    2014-08-01

    Immune system is the most important system ofhuman body. Thaifolk doctors have used some medicinal plants as an adaptogenic drug or immunomodulatory agent. Piper chaba Hunter, Piper sarmentosum Roxb. and Piper interruptum Opiz. are used by folk doctors to activate immune response in cancer patients. To investigate the effect on natural killer cell activity and on lymphocyte proliferation activity of water extract of P chaba Hunter P. sarmentosum Roxb. and P interruptum Opiz. MATERIAL ANDMETHOD: Plant materials were extracted by decoction method. All extracts were testedfor an immunomodulatory effect using PBMCs from twelve healthy donors by chromium release assay. Lymphocyte proliferation was also determined by 3H-thymidine uptake assay. The degree of activation was expressed as the stimulation index. The water extract of P chaba Hunter significantly increased lymphocyte proliferation at concentrations ofl ng/ml, 10 ng/ml, 1 μg/ml, 5 μg/ml, 10 μg/ml and 100 μg/ml. P sarmentosum Roxb., and P interruptum Opiz. extracts at those concentrations significantly stimulated lymphocyteproliferation. P sarmentosum Roxb. extractsignificantly increased natural killer (NK) cell activity at a concentration of 100 μg/ml but P chaba Hunter and P interruptum Opiz. extracts did not significantly stimulate natural killer cell activity. P chaba Hunter, P interruptum Opiz. andP sarmentosum Roxb. have an immunomodulatory effect especially for P sarmentosum Roxb. extract which can activate both lymphocyte proliferation and NK cell activity.