Sample records for humint imint sigint

  1. KITAE II: Knowledge Development in Battlespace Helmand (United States)



  2. Imagery Intelligence (IMINT) Production Model (United States)


    1.2.1 Strategic versus Tactical IMINT. A major issue in oevLloping the moodl of IMINT production involveo the decision to use IMINT processing as...resuurce~a, onu/’or lack of support capabil iiS. The I11 facilIity lufla-gc- iient can provide training or exercises to cormplerenit its active isi~on

  3. Visual Analysis of Social Networks in a Counter-Insurgency Context (United States)


    networks analysis & sensemakingHUMINT IMINT GEOINT SIGINT ELINT MASINT COMINT OSINT TECHINT FISINT FININT SNA Intelligence products External  Sources...networks analysis & sensemaking HUMINT IMINT GEOINT SIGINT ELINT MASINT COMINT OSINT TECHINT FISINT FININT SNA Intelligence products External Sources SNAC

  4. All-source Information Management and Integration for Improved Collective Intelligence Production (United States)


    increasing amounts of ISR data and information from various sources (SIGINT, IMINT, GEOINT, HUMINT, OSINT , etc.), produced in disparate multiple media...Electronic Intelligence (ELINT) • Open Source Intelligence ( OSINT ) • Technical Intelligence (TECHINT) These intelligence disciplines produce...Multi-sources: SIGINT, IMINT/GeoINT, HUMINT, OSINT , etc. – Various formats: sensor data, multimedia (text, images, audio, video) • Hard/soft

  5. Information Operations: Putting the ’I’ Back Into Dime (United States)


    the all-source managers of analysts who serve them, do not like to be made uncomfortable by iconoclasts and mavericks . Not only does “the system...Australia Deputy for Processing Malaysia Deputy for Analysis China OSINT HUMINT IMINT SIGINT Digitization Translation Visualization Analytic Support Waring

  6. An Intelligence Process Model Based on a Collaborative Approach (United States)


    including Open Source ( OSINT ), in the production of intelligence. All-source intelligence is both a separate intelligence discipline and the name of the...and signature intelligence (MASINT), Technical intelligence (TECHINT), Open source intelligence ( OSINT ), and Biometric intelligence (BIOINT)) to...characterizing the processes for each discipline (HUMINT, SIGINT, OSINT , IMINT, GEOINT, etc.). Then, we analyzed the All-Source activities and processes

  7. Recce NG: from Recce sensor to image intelligence (IMINT) (United States)

    Larroque, Serge


    Recce NG (Reconnaissance New Generation) is presented as a complete and optimized Tactical Reconnaissance System. Based on a new generation Pod integrating high resolution Dual Band sensors, the system has been designed with the operational lessons learnt from the last Peace Keeping Operations in Bosnia and Kosovo. The technical solutions retained as component modules of a full IMINT acquisition system, take benefit of the state of art in the following key technologies: Advanced Mission Planning System for long range stand-off Manned Recce, Aircraft and/or Pod tasking, operating sophisticated back-up software tools, high resolution 3D geo data and improved/combat proven MMI to reduce planning delays, Mature Dual Band sensors technology to achieve the Day and Night Recce Mission, including advanced automatic operational functions, as azimuth and roll tracking capabilities, low risk in Pod integration and in carrier avionics, controls and displays upgrades, to save time in operational turn over and maintenance, High rate Imagery Down Link, for Real Time or Near Real Time transmission, fully compatible with STANAG 7085 requirements, Advanced IMINT Exploitation Ground Segment, combat proven, NATO interoperable (STANAG 7023), integrating high value software tools for accurate location, improved radiometric image processing and open link to the C4ISR systems. The choice of an industrial Prime contractor mastering across the full system, all the prior listed key products and technologies, is mandatory to a successful delivery in terms of low Cost, Risk and Time Schedule.

  8. Does U.S. Army Humint Doctrine Achieve Its Objectives? What Have Iraq and Afghanistan Taught Us? (United States)


    OSINT Open Source Intelligence PIR Priority Intelligence Requirements PLDC Primary Leadership Development Course PME Professional Military...Exploitation (DOCEX/DOMEX) Analysis, Open Source Intelligence ( OSINT ), Military Source Operations and Interrogations.8 The Army employs HUMINT in a...analysis, and OSINT , although important, are traditionally thought of as less critical than Interrogations or Source Operations. While training does

  9. Inverting the Army Intelligence Pyramid (United States)


    Counterinsurgency, Company Intelligence Support Team, COIST, HUMINT, SIGINT, MASINT, OSINT 16. SECURITY CLASSIFICATION OF: (U) 17. LIMITATION OF...intelligence ( OSINT ), signals intelligence (SIGINT), and technical intelligence (TECHINT).14 11

  10. Task Force Report: Assessment of Nuclear Monitoring and Verification Technologies (United States)


    o Make  explicit  the  requirements  for,  and  improvements  needed  in,  HUMINTSIGINT, cyber,  OSINT , etc., to support monitoring and...environments.                                                             23 The potential for  OSINT  (open source intelligence) as a focusing step is...various  intelligence  collection  capabilities  (HUMINTIMINT,  MASINT,  OSINT ,  SIGINT, etc.) have historically played a  strong  role  in  the

  11. Visualizing Host-Nation Sentiment at the Tactical Edge (United States)


    HUMINT) and open source intelligence ( OSINT ) become prioritized above more traditional intelligence based on signals (SIGINT) and electronic on HUMINT and OSINT . Soldiers as peacekeepers must manage multiple information assets and resources, often relying on local and international

  12. U.S. Army Research Laboratory Fiscal Year 2010 Status Report for the Advanced, All-Source, Fusion Technology Program Annex (United States)


    TACREPS HUMINT/ OSINT / SIGINT/ GEOINT/ MASINT HUMINT/ GEOINT Theme Intelligence/ military Intelligence/military Intelligence/ source intelligence ( OSINT ). Twitter users were mapped directly to the person entity (which is a subclass of ‘Agent’) since tweeters could be of

  13. Broad Area Wireless Networking Via High Altitude Platforms (United States)


    Multiplexing ORS Operationally Responsive Space OSINT Open-Source Intelligence PTMP Point To Multi-Point PTP Point To Point QOS Quality Of...Intelligence (SIGINT), Measurement and Signature Intelligence (MASINT), Human Resources Intelligence (HUMINT), and Open-Source Intelligence ( OSINT ) [34

  14. Integrated Air Surveillance Concept of Operations (United States)


    Signals Intelligence (SIGINT) Human Intelligence (HUMINT) Measurement and Signature Intelligence (MASINT) Open Source Intelligence ( OSINT ) In...Office of Management and Budget OpsCon: Operational Concept OSINT : Open Source Intelligence OSTP: Office of Science & Technology Policy Pt–to-Pt

  15. Modeling & Analysis of Multicore Architectures for Embedded SIGINT Applications (United States)


    Reducing Anisotropic Diffusion Implementation ............................................ 11 4. Results and Discussion... dissemination (PED). As one example, the utility of embedded processing architectures will be driven by energy efficiency as much as it will be by...Exploitation, Analysis and Production, Dissemination (PCPAD) technology development community [2]. Joint Publication 3-0 defines a permissive

  16. Combining Different NLP Methods for HUMINT Report Analysis (United States)


    JENGE, Silverius KAWALETZ, Ulrich SCHADE Fraunhofer-Institut für Kommunikation, Informationsverarbeitung und Ergonomie (FKIE) Neuenahrer Str. 20 53343...ES) Fraunhofer-Institut für Kommunikation, Informationsverarbeitung und Ergonomie (FKIE) Neuenahrer Str. 20 53343 Wachtberg-Werthhoven Germany 8

  17. Spartans in Darkness: American SIGINT and the Indochina War, 1945-1975. Series 6, Volume 7 (REDACTED) (United States)


    socialist and communist agitation. tion." A heavy tax burden, which imposed a crip - pling per capita taxation, rather than taxing on the basis of income...small hamlet, this time in Kien Gang Province in the extreme southwest of South Vietnam on the Gulf of Thailand, and which had been forewarned of an...Prados, The Blood Road: The Ho Chi Minh Trail and the Vietnam War (New York: John Wiley and Sons Inc., 1999), 31. OGA 50. (D) Spector, 370. 51. CD

  18. Interactive analysis of geodata based intelligence (United States)

    Wagner, Boris; Eck, Ralf; Unmüessig, Gabriel; Peinsipp-Byma, Elisabeth


    When a spatiotemporal events happens, multi-source intelligence data is gathered to understand the problem, and strategies for solving the problem are investigated. The difficulties arising from handling spatial and temporal intelligence data represent the main problem. The map might be the bridge to visualize the data and to get the most understand model for all stakeholders. For the analysis of geodata based intelligence data, a software was developed as a working environment that combines geodata with optimized ergonomics. The interaction with the common operational picture (COP) is so essentially facilitated. The composition of the COP is based on geodata services, which are normalized by international standards of the Open Geospatial Consortium (OGC). The basic geodata are combined with intelligence data from images (IMINT) and humans (HUMINT), stored in a NATO Coalition Shared Data Server (CSD). These intelligence data can be combined with further information sources, i.e., live sensors. As a result a COP is generated and an interaction suitable for the specific workspace is added. This allows the users to work interactively with the COP, i.e., searching with an on board CSD client for suitable intelligence data and integrate them into the COP. Furthermore, users can enrich the scenario with findings out of the data of interactive live sensors and add data from other sources. This allows intelligence services to contribute effectively to the process by what military and disaster management are organized.

  19. Homeland situation awareness through mining and fusing heterogeneous information from intelligence databases and field sensors (United States)

    Digioia, Giusj; Panzieri, Stefano


    One of the most felt issues in the defence domain is that of having huge quantities of data stored in databases and acquired from field sensors, without being able to infer information from them. Usually databases are continuously updated with observations, and are related to heterogeneous data. Deep and continuous analysis on data could mine useful correlations, explain relations existing among data and cue searches for further evidences. The solution to the problem addressed before seems to deal both with the domain of Data Mining and with the domain of high level Data Fusion, that is Situation Assessment, Threat Assessment and Process Refinement, also synthesised as Situation Awareness. The focus of this paper is the definition of an architecture for a system adopting data mining techniques to adaptively discover clusters of information and relation among them, to classify observations acquired and to use the model of knowledge and the classification derived in order to assess situations, threats and refine the search for evidences. Sources of information taken into account are those related to the intelligence domain, as IMINT, HUMINT, ELINT, COMINT and other non-conventional sources. The algorithms applied refer to not supervised and supervised classification for rule exploitation, and adaptively built Hidden Markov Model for situation and threat assessment.

  20. An Analytical Framework for Soft and Hard Data Fusion: A Dempster-Shafer Belief Theoretic Approach (United States)


    generated soft data, such as HUMINT (HUMan 1 2 INTelligence), OSINT (Open Source INTelligence) and COMINT (COMmunications INTelligence), are fundamentally...human intelligence (HUMINT), open source intelligence ( OSINT ), and communications intelligence (COMINT), which is human communications derived from...respectively). The sources correspond to selected intelligence disciplines described in [9]. HUMINT and OSINT sources provide mostly soft

  1. Intelligence and Electronic Warfare Operations (United States)


    states otherwise, masculine nouns and pronouns do not refer exclusively to men. FM 34-1 CHAPTER 1 I N T E L L I G E N C E A N D E L E C T R O N I...improves as HUMINT refocuses its efforts on the AO. Interrogation and document exploitation are examples of HUMINT operations. HUMINT collection may also...and CA support for rear operations. MDCI personnel and interrogators provide HUMINT to identify and help neutralize enemy agents, sympathizers, and

  2. Joint Intelligence Operations Center (JIOC) Baseline Business Process Model & Capabilities Evaluation Methodology (United States)


    Targeting Review Board OPLAN Operations Plan OPORD Operations Order OPSIT Operational Situation OSINT Open Source Intelligence OV...Analysis Evaluate FLTREPs MISREPs Unit Assign Assets Feedback Asset Shortfalls Multi-Int Collection Political & Embasy Law Enforcement HUMINT OSINT ...Embassy Information OSINT Manage Theater HUMINT Law Enforcement Collection Sort Requests Platform Information Agency Information M-I Collect

  3. Transformation and Transition: DARPA’s Role in Fostering and Emerging Revolution in Military Affairs, Volume 1, Overall Assessment (United States)


    138 “Discoverer II (DII) STARLITE ,” <>. 139 DARPA, February 2000 RDT&E Budget...Department of the Army, 1998). 145 Pamela Hess, “ Starlite Shelved While USAF, NRO Work Out Roles, Redundancy Issues,” Inside the Air Force, May... STARLITE ,” <>. 149 Gigi Whitley, “Citing Lack of Notification, Committee Deletes Discoverer II

  4. Integrating Mission Type Orders into Operational Level Intelligence Collection (United States)


    Operational Control OPLAN Operation Plan OSINT Open Source Intelligence OT Exercise OLYMPIC TITAN PED Processing, Exploitation, and Dissemination PIR...human intelligence (HUMINT), open source intelligence ( OSINT ), and counterintelligence (CI). These are human-oriented collection capabilities and

  5. Lambda Vision (United States)

    Czajkowski, Michael


    There is an explosion in the quantity and quality of IMINT data being captured in Intelligence Surveillance and Reconnaissance (ISR) today. While automated exploitation techniques involving computer vision are arriving, only a few architectures can manage both the storage and bandwidth of large volumes of IMINT data and also present results to analysts quickly. Lockheed Martin Advanced Technology Laboratories (ATL) has been actively researching in the area of applying Big Data cloud computing techniques to computer vision applications. This paper presents the results of this work in adopting a Lambda Architecture to process and disseminate IMINT data using computer vision algorithms. The approach embodies an end-to-end solution by processing IMINT data from sensors to serving information products quickly to analysts, independent of the size of the data. The solution lies in dividing up the architecture into a speed layer for low-latent processing and a batch layer for higher quality answers at the expense of time, but in a robust and fault-tolerant way. This approach was evaluated using a large corpus of IMINT data collected by a C-130 Shadow Harvest sensor over Afghanistan from 2010 through 2012. The evaluation data corpus included full motion video from both narrow and wide area field-of-views. The evaluation was done on a scaled-out cloud infrastructure that is similar in composition to those found in the Intelligence Community. The paper shows experimental results to prove the scalability of the architecture and precision of its results using a computer vision algorithm designed to identify man-made objects in sparse data terrain.

  6. A Shrinking Army in Europe: Can the US Achieve Its Military Strategic Goals Without It? (United States)


    YOUR FORM TO THE ABOVE ADDRESS. 1. REPORT DATE (DD-MM-YYYY) 13-06-2014 2. REPORT TYPE Master’s Thesis 3. DATES COVERED (From - To) AUG 2013 – JUNE...74 Background of Exercise Steadfast Jazz . ....................................................................... 75 Analysis...Steadfast Jazz SFOR NATO Stability Forces SIGINT Signals Intelligence SNMCMG Standing NATO Mine Countermeasures Group SNMG Standing NATO Maritime

  7. Corrosion: It’s Your Fault (United States)



  8. Code breaking in the pacific

    CERN Document Server

    Donovan, Peter


    Covers the historical context and the evolution of the technically complex Allied Signals Intelligence (Sigint) activity against Japan from 1920 to 1945 Describes, explains and analyzes the code breaking techniques developed during the war in the Pacific Exposes the blunders (in code construction and use) made by the Japanese Navy that led to significant US Naval victories

  9. Intelligence Fusion Modeling. A Proposed Approach. (United States)


    Maintenance and performance histories of sensor systems are maintained by the Technical Control and Analysis Center ( TCAE ). Process. Reported data...SIGINT Signals Intelligence SNR Signal to Noise Ratio SYSMSG System Message TCAE Technical Control and Analysis Element TRADOC Training and Doctrine

  10. Multi-Sensor ELINT Development (MSED) (United States)


    Position Determination ( DPD ). However, all its computation is concentrated at one computing node. We developed several methods to remedy this problem. To...position determination ( DPD ) and two-stage Classic localization methods. 15. SUBJECT TERMS Radio Frequency Geo-location, SIGINT, Detection and Geo...5 4.1.2 Approximated DPD

  11. Crowdsourcing Intelligence to Combat Terrorism: Harnessing Bottom-Up Collection to Prevent Lone-Wolf Terror Attacks (United States)


    Amazon’s Mechanical Turk NSA National Security Agency OSINT open-source intelligence SIGINT signals intelligence SOCMINT social media ...of young men who have embraced militant Islam and eventually planned or carried out an act of violence shows...Preliminary Analysis of Lone Islamist Terrorists,” Developments in Radicalisation and Political Violence , March 2011, 9, content

  12. Improving the Security of the U.S. Aeronautical Domain: Adopting an Intelligence-Led, Risk-Based Strategy and Partnership (United States)


    Methodology RMAT Risk Management Assessment Tool SIDA Security Identification Display Area SIGINT Signals Intelligence SO18 Aviation Security...aircraft operate (§ 1542.203); • Provide detection and physical security measures for the “Security Identification Display Area” ( SIDA ), i.e., the area

  13. Persistent Intelligence, Surveillance, and Reconnaissance (P-ISR): Debunking the Myth, Establishing the Concept, and Achieving the Possible (United States)


    MEF MGL MROC NAI NRT OIF OSINT P-ISR POM PPBE RMA ROMO SIGINT UAS us USMC Joint Publication Joint Task Force Marine Air Ground Task...signatures intelligence (MASINT), open source intelligence ( OSINT ), ground reconnaissance and surveillance; and non-traditional assets, such as fixed

  14. Coalition Air Warfare in the Korean War 1950-1953 (United States)


    Sapporo , Japan. The for- mer KLO/TLO organization now became officially known as the Far East Com- mand Liaison Detachment, Korea.39 The new HUMINT unit...officially colonizing Korea; Sun Yat- sen leading a revolution in China; Mongolia gaining independence from China; and the Czarist regime in Russia being

  15. Can Social Networks Assist Analysts Fight Terrorism? (United States)


    platform is one of the first services to bring neogeography to the general public. Neogeography combines the complex techniques of cartography and GIS ... GIS Geospatial Information System GPS Global Positioning System HUMINT Human Intelligence MASINT Measurement and Signature Intelligence MIT...internet links. Neogeography. A science that combines cartography and geographic information systems into a user-friendly collaborate tool. Post. The

  16. An Innovation Framework Applied to a Military Cyber Professionals Association (United States)


    58 Figure 19. Conversion Cruncher app , beta, QR code. ......................................... 61 Figure 20. MCPA business concept...Department of Energy EW Electronic Warfare GAB Google Apps for Business GAO Government Accountability Office HUMINT Human Source Intelligence IC...Inattention (1) Switch attention within one’s own frame set. (2) Enlarge awareness. Journaling Daily meditations Use of checklists Cognitive

  17. Conference on "Intelligence and the Threat from International Terrorism" Zagreb, Croatia, November 30 - December 01, 2001



    Main topics of the Conference Section I The politics of the sociology of terrorism. The use of intelligence and counter-intelligence by terrorist organizations Section II Old means for new tasks: Humint and Covert Operations Merging police intelligence and national intelligence Section III Legal, ethical and media aspects of "Intelligence Wars". Section IV Problems and prospects concerning international intelligence cooperation and joint action ...

  18. Towards Building Trusted Multinational Civil-Military Relationships Using Social Networks (United States)


    reading and recommending. This included all sorts of OSINT (open source intelligence) and HUMINT (human intelligence) sources as well as NGO...environmental)[14]. A very important source for basic and current intelligence comes from Open Source Intelligence ( OSINT ). It is intentionally

  19. Intelligence Collection Targeting and Interdiction of Dark Networks (United States)


    examples of terrorist technological communications countered by a baseline of NTM collection with OSINT and HUMINT only serving as enablers or...he visits while traveling as an ostensible tourist ( OSINT ) would be useful.54 In summary, Sims’s observation not only enforce the strategic

  20. Exploitation of Geographic Information Systems for Vehicular Destination Prediction (United States)


    Signals Intelligence . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1-6 IMINT Image Intelligence . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1-6 OSINT Open...Intelligence ( OSINT ) might not be familiar with Geo-Spatial Intelligence (GEOINT) due to its relatively recent appear- ance on the stage. It was a...Tigris and Euphrates in Iraq) and underground tunnel networks (such as at the Egypt -Gaza border and in Viet Nam during our conflict there). 3.4

  1. Blinding the Eagle: Potential Loss of Strategic ISR in the 21st Century (United States)


    assessed to be low but growing,” ‘ hybrid ’ conflicts may become the new norm.15 “ Hybrid 11 conflicts serve to increase ambiguity, complicate decision...making, and slow the coordination of effective responses.”16 The added danger of hybrid conflicts is, because they have state sponsorship, however...being seen by non- 12 radar IMINT sensors. Even thermal crossover can make collection ineffective at times. For an ISR collector icing or severe

  2. Virtual Collaboration for a Distributed Enterprise (United States)


    Face-to-face interactions can provide multiple nonverbal and auditory cues, such as tone of voice, hand gestures, and facial expressions, which monitored by the ground convoy to inform them of the danger . The SIGINT analyst speaks directly to his commander, who immediately rallies his...Moments later, intelligence analysts separated by many time zones exchange what they know about the potential ambush through secure chat, and a large

  3. Manned Airborne Intelligence, Surveillance, and Reconnaissance: Strategic, Tactical . . . Both? (United States)


    sought to downsize the force; ISR forces have not always been immune from these cuts. Fortunately, his- tory offers many examples of shifts in manned...friendly fighters to at- tack German aircraft. According to 1st Lt Roger Ihle, one of the earliest American airborne electronic warfare officers, “We...see Michael L. Peterson , “Maybe You Had to Be There: The SIGINT on Thirteen Soviet Shootdowns of U.S. Reconnaissance Aircraft,” Cryptologic

  4. Maritime Patrol Innovation: USN PBY Catalina Squadrons in the Pacific Area of Operations, 1941-1945 (United States)


    SIGINT, ELINT, I MINT , etc.), surveillance, reconnaissance, search and rescue, antisubmarine warfare, and anti-surface warfare. PBYs pioneered or at...Ray Wagner, American Combat Planes ( Garden City, NY: Hanover House, 1960L 295. 15 Creed, 45. , 16 Knott, 8. Messimer, 8-10. 17 Creed, 313...II. Annapolis, MD: Naval Institute Press, 1988. Jablonski, Edward. Airwar Volume 11:, Outraged Skies. Garden City, i’JY: Doub.leday & Company, Inc

  5. Volatility Measurements Applied to Information Systems (United States)


    LISI Levels of Information Systems Integration NPV Net Present Value OEP Organizational Execution Plans ROI Return on Investment SIGINT Signals...IT system (Stikeleather, 2013). The interoperability performance can be measured with the Levels of Information Systems Interoperability ( LISI ), (DoD CIO, 2012). There are several IT evaluation methods including net present value (NPV), ROI, information economics, cost benefit analysis, and

  6. Joint Operations (United States)


    Unified Task Force (UNITAF) Somalia was formed with forces from France, Italy, Canada, Belgium, Egypt , Turkey, Saudi Arabia, and the United States...military presence, open-source intelligence ( OSINT ) may be the best immediately available information to prepare US forces to operate in a OSINT from radio broadcasts, newspapers, and periodicals often provide tip-offs for HUMINT and other intelligence and information collection

  7. Validating a Social Model Wargame: An Analysis of the Green Country Model (United States)


    Government of Nigeria GUI Graphical User Interface HUMINT human-sourced intelligence IMN Islamic Movement in Nigeria IO Information Operations...and written into 30,000 lines of Java code. The resulting model required no human input, and can run one action in thousandths of a second. In this...written into 30,000 lines of Java code. The resulting model required no human input, and could run 1,000 simulations of a single action and provide

  8. Assessing and Evaluating Department of Defense Efforts to Inform, Influence, and Persuade: Desk Reference (United States)


    audience will react to various dimensions of a product—message, imagery, lan- guage, music , and so forth. Matthew Warshaw recalled a few cases in which...practitio- ners. The May 2011 version of DoD Directive 3600.01 defines atmospherics as “informa- tion regarding the surrounding or pervading mood , environment...HUMINT and can include “polling, surveys, opinion research, spot reports, and consolidation of other information relevant to prevailing moods

  9. Intelligence networks and the tri border area of South America : the dilemma of efficiency versus oversight



    Approved for public release; distribution in unlimited. This thesis examines the intelligence communities of Argentina, Brazil, and Paraguay to determine how to better coordinate and share information between themselves and the United States to combat the emerging threat of terrorism within the border region shared by the three Latin American countries. The thesis argues from the standpoint that the primary intelligence effort should be economic and HUMINT due to the currently low threat l...

  10. The Intelligence Problem of Policymakers in Counterinsurgency: Asking And Answering the Right Questions (United States)


    explosive device ISR intelligence, surveillance and reconnaissance J2 joint staff intelligence section NATO North Atlantic Treaty Organization OSINT open...commonly referring to the technical means of collection to the exclusion of HUMINT, open source intelligence ( OSINT ), and other information using to gain popular support or to delegitimize the supported government. The 10th Mountain Division determined OSINT was an important component

  11. Problems with tunneling of thin shells from black holes

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    Borun D Chowdhury


    It is shown that exp(−2 Im($\\int p dr$)) is not invariant under canonical transformations in general. Specifically for shells tunneling out of black holes, this quantity is not invariant under canonical transformations. It can be interpreted as the transmission coefficient only in the cases in which it is invariant under canonical transformations. Although such cases include alpha decay, they do not include the tunneling of shells from black holes. The simplest extension to this formula which is invariant under canonical transformations is proposed. However, it is shown that this gives half the correct temperature for black holes.

  12. Automated scene generated background context for near-nadir look angles (United States)

    Tucker, Jonathan D.; Stanfill, S. Robert


    Multi-INT fusion of GEOINT and IMINT can enable performance optimization of target detection and target tracking problem domains1, amongst others. Contextual information, which defines the relationship of foreground to background scene content, is a source of GEOINT for which various online repositories exist today including but not limited to the following: Open Street Maps (OSM)2 and the United States Geological Survey (USGS)3. However, as the nature of the world's landscape is dynamic and ever-changing, such contextual information can easily become stagnant and irrelevant if not maintained. In this paper we discuss our approach to providing the latest relevant context by performing automated scene generated background context segmentation and classification for near-nadir look angles for the purpose of defining roadways or parking lots, buildings, and natural areas. This information can be used in a variety of ways including augmenting context data from repositories, performing mission pre-planning, and for real-time missions such that GEOINT and IMINT fusion can occur and enable significant performance advantages in target detection and tracking applications in all areas of the world.

  13. Briti sideluure Eesti kommunistide vastu / Ivo Juurvee

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Juurvee, Ivo, 1979-


    Suurbritannia arendas esimesena (1943.a.) välja globaalse haardega sideluure British SIGINT (signal intelligence). Alates 2005. aastast on Briti Rahvusarhiivis uurijatele kättesaadavaks tehtud märkimisväärne hulk sideluure dokumente, mille mahust suurema osa moodustavad sõdadevahelisel perioodil dekrüpteeritud telegrammid. Eesti kommunistide teated ei olnud Briti krüptoloogidele prioriteediks, kuid kuna Kopengaagenis tegutsedes kasutasid eestlased Kominterni koodi, siis murti töö käigus jooksvalt lahti ka nende telegrammid.

  14. Briti sideluure Eesti kommunistide vastu / Ivo Juurvee

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Juurvee, Ivo, 1979-


    Suurbritannia arendas esimesena (1943.a.) välja globaalse haardega sideluure British SIGINT (signal intelligence). Alates 2005. aastast on Briti Rahvusarhiivis uurijatele kättesaadavaks tehtud märkimisväärne hulk sideluure dokumente, mille mahust suurema osa moodustavad sõdadevahelisel perioodil dekrüpteeritud telegrammid. Eesti kommunistide teated ei olnud Briti krüptoloogidele prioriteediks, kuid kuna Kopengaagenis tegutsedes kasutasid eestlased Kominterni koodi, siis murti töö käigus jooksvalt lahti ka nende telegrammid.

  15. Recommendations for Airborne Intelligence, Surveillance, and Reconnaissance in the Year 2035 in a Cost Constrained Environment (United States)


    Beautiful Monuments of Paris”, n.d. Peck, Michael. “Nanoprocessor Challenge - “Small Power: The Role of Micro and Small UAVs in the Future”, n.d. verb =getRecord...Intelligence, Surveillance, Reconnaissance,” 5. 14 “Paris 26 Gigapixels - Interactive Virtual Tour of the Most Beautiful Monuments of Paris.” 15

  16. Seeing the Airland Battlefield: Can the Heavy Division Military Intelligence Battalion do Its Job (United States)


    focus the lenses of battalion intel- ligence collectors. This is the Technical Control and Analysis Element ( TCAE ). The TCAE is the focal point for all...tactical operations center. Here, "the TCAE performs technical tasking of all SIGINT [signals intelli- gence] and EW assets in the divisi ;., regardless of...the standard type missions gKven IEW company teams." 4 7 The TCAE receivc3 mission taskings from the G2’s Col- lect.Lon Management and Dissemination

  17. Suicide Bombers in CONUS (United States)


    issues such as stove piping , a heavy reliance on technology versus human intelligence (HUMINT), and limited U.S. access to many poor and remote...Pakistan Religious site 0 4 N Belt bomb 10 Early detonation/Shiite mosque NCTC/ST 29-Feb-04 PIJ Jenin West Bank Unknown 0 0 N Pipe bomb 4 3...Russia School^ 23 47 N Belt bomb 6 Bombers/gunmen seized school No 1 GRP /AIW 4-Sep-04 Unknown Kirkuk Iraq Govt/Police 20 30 N Car bomb 13 Police

  18. The Cyber Intelligence Challenge of Asyngnotic Networks

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Edward M. Roche


    Full Text Available The intelligence community is facing a new type of organization, one enabled by the world’s information and communications infrastructure. These asyngnotic networks operate without leadership and are self-organizing in nature. They pose a threat to national security because they are difficult to detect in time for intelligence to provide adequate warning. Social network analysis and link analysis are important tools but can be supplemented by application of neuroscience principles to understand the forces that drive asyngnotic self-organization and triggering of terrorist events. Applying Living Systems Theory (LST to a terrorist attack provides a useful framework to identify hidden asyngnotic networks. There is some antecedent work in propaganda analysis that may help uncover hidden asyngnotic networks, but computerized SIGINT methods face a number of challenges.

  19. Report of the Defense Science Board Task Force on Defense Intelligence - Counterinsurgency (COIN) Intelligence, Surveillance, and Reconnaissance (ISR) Operations (United States)


    capabilities  while  excluding  other  collection  sources  (e.g.  Open  Source  Intelligence  ( OSINT ),  Human  Intelligence  (HUMINT))  and  processing...the requirements  for  OSINT , but provided only 3 percent of  OSINT  funding.6  The lack of attention to  OSINT   is buttressed by the report’s finding...that in 2009 DoD had only 14 percent of the IC’s  OSINT   manpower,  and  funded  that  proportion  largely  through Defense  budget  supplementals.7

  20. IDC: a system for automatically detecting and classifying manmade objects in overhead imagery (United States)

    Carlotto, Mark J.; Nebrich, Mark; De Michael, David


    The automatic detection and classification of manmade objects in overhead imagery is key to generating geospatial intelligence (GEOINT) from today's high space-time bandwidth sensors in a timely manner. A flexible multi-stage object detection and classification capability known as the IMINT Data Conditioner (IDC) has been developed that can exploit different kinds of imagery using a mission-specific processing chain. A front-end data reader/tiler converts standard imagery products into a set of tiles for processing, which facilitates parallel processing on multiprocessor/multithreaded systems. The first stage of processing contains a suite of object detectors designed to exploit different sensor modalities that locate and chip out candidate object regions. The second processing stage segments object regions, estimates their length, width, and pose, and determines their geographic location. The third stage classifies detections into one of K predetermined object classes (specified in a models file) plus clutter. Detections are scored based on their salience, size/shape, and spatial-spectral properties. Detection reports can be output in a number of popular formats including flat files, HTML web pages, and KML files for display in Google Maps or Google Earth. Several examples illustrating the operation and performance of the IDC on Quickbird, GeoEye, and DCS SAR imagery are presented.

  1. A survey of imagery techniques for semantic labeling of human-vehicle interactions in persistent surveillance systems (United States)

    Elangovan, Vinayak; Shirkhodaie, Amir


    Understanding and semantic annotation of Human-Vehicle Interactions (HVI) facilitate fusion of Hard sensor (HS) and Human Intelligence (HUMINT) in a cohesive way. By characterization, classification, and discrimination of HVI patterns pertinent threats may be realized. Various Persistent Surveillance System (PSS) imagery techniques have been proposed in the past decade for identifying human interactions with various objects in the environment. Understanding of such interactions facilitates to discover human intentions and motives. However, without consideration of incidental context, reasoning and analysis of such behavioral activities is a very challenging and difficult task. This paper presents a current survey of related publications in the area of context-based Imagery techniques applied for HVI recognition, in particular, it discusses taxonomy and ontology of HVI and presents a summary of reported robust image processing techniques for spatiotemporal characterization and tracking of human targets in urban environments. The discussed techniques include model-based, shape-based and appearance-based techniques employed for identification and classification of objects. A detailed overview of major past research activities related to HVI in PSS with exploitation of spatiotemporal reasoning techniques applied to semantic labeling of the HVI is also presented.

  2. Police training in interviewing and interrogation methods: A comparison of techniques used with adult and juvenile suspects. (United States)

    Cleary, Hayley M D; Warner, Todd C


    Despite empirical progress in documenting and classifying various interrogation techniques, very little is known about how police are trained in interrogation methods, how frequently they use various techniques, and whether they employ techniques differentially with adult versus juvenile suspects. This study reports the nature and extent of formal (e.g., Reid Technique, PEACE, HUMINT) and informal interrogation training as well as self-reported technique usage in a diverse national sample (N = 340) of experienced American police officers. Officers were trained in a variety of different techniques ranging from comparatively benign pre-interrogation strategies (e.g., building rapport, observing body language or speech patterns) to more psychologically coercive techniques (e.g., blaming the victim, discouraging denials). Over half the sample reported being trained to use psychologically coercive techniques with both adults and juveniles. The majority (91%) receive informal, "on the job" interrogation training. Technique usage patterns indicate a spectrum of psychological intensity where information-gathering approaches were used most frequently and high-pressure tactics less frequently. Reid-trained officers (56%) were significantly more likely than officers without Reid training to use pre-interrogation and manipulation techniques. Across all analyses and techniques, usage patterns were identical for adult and juvenile suspects, suggesting that police interrogate youth in the same manner as adults. Overall, results suggest that training in specific interrogation methods is strongly associated with usage. Findings underscore the need for more law enforcement interrogation training in general, especially with juvenile suspects, and highlight the value of training as an avenue for reducing interrogation-induced miscarriages of justice. (PsycINFO Database Record

  3. Automated Image Intelligence Adaptive Sensor Management System for High Altitude Long Endurance UAVs in a Dynamic and Anti-Access Area Denial Environment (United States)

    Kim, Gi Young

    The problem we investigate deals with an Image Intelligence (IMINT) sensor allocation schedule for High Altitude Long Endurance UAVs in a dynamic and Anti-Access Area Denial (A2AD) environment. The objective is to maximize the Situational Awareness (SA) of decision makers. The value of SA can be improved in two different ways. First, if a sensor allocated to an Areas of Interest (AOI) detects target activity, then the SA value will be increased. Second, the SA value increases if an AOI is monitored for a certain period of time, regardless of target detections. These values are functions of the sensor allocation time, sensor type and mode. Relatively few studies in the archival literature have been devoted to an analytic, detailed explanation of the target detection process, and AOI monitoring value dynamics. These two values are the fundamental criteria used to choose the most judicious sensor allocation schedule. This research presents mathematical expressions for target detection processes, and shows the monitoring value dynamics. Furthermore, the dynamics of target detection is the result of combined processes between belligerent behavior (target activity) and friendly behavior (sensor allocation). We investigate these combined processes and derive mathematical expressions for simplified cases. These closed form mathematical models can be used for Measures of Effectiveness (MOEs), i.e., target activity detection to evaluate sensor allocation schedules. We also verify these models with discrete event simulations which can also be used to describe more complex systems. We introduce several methodologies to achieve a judicious sensor allocation schedule focusing on the AOI monitoring value. The first methodology is a discrete time integer programming model which provides an optimal solution but is impractical for real world scenarios due to its computation time. Thus, it is necessary to trade off the quality of solution with computation time. The Myopic Greedy