WorldWideScience

Sample records for hughston clinic knee

  1. Structure and Properties of Hughston's Stochastic Extension of the Schrödinger Equation

    CERN Document Server

    Adler, Stephen Louis; Adler, Stephen L.; Horwitz, Lawrence P.

    1999-01-01

    Hughston has recently proposed a stochastic extension of the Schrödinger equation, expressed as a stochastic differential equation on projective Hilbert space. We derive new projective Hilbert space identities, which we use to give a general proof that Hughston's equation leads to state vector collapse to energy eigenstates, with collapse probabilities given by the quantum mechanical probabilities computed from the initial state. We discuss the relation of Hughston's equation to earlier work on norm-preserving stochastic equations, and show that Hughston's equation can be written as a manifestly unitary stochastic evolution equation for the pure state density matrix. We discuss the behavior of systems constructed as direct products of independent subsystems, and briefly address the question of whether an energy-based approach, such as Hughston's, suffices to give an objective interpretation of the measurement process in quantum mechanics.

  2. State Vector Collapse Probabilities and Separability of Independent Systems in Hughston's Stochastic Extension of the Schrödinger Equation

    CERN Document Server

    Adler, Stephen Louis; Adler, Stephen L.; Horwitz, Lawrence P.

    1999-01-01

    We give a general proof that Hughston's stochastic extension of the Schrödinger equation leads to state vector collapse to energy eigenstates, with collapse probabilities given by the quantum mechanical probabilities computed from the initial state. We also show that for a system composed of independent subsystems, Hughston's equation separates into similar independent equations for the each of the subsystems, correlated only through the common Wiener process that drives the state reduction.

  3. Clinically assessed mediolateral knee motion: impact on gait

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Thorlund, Jonas Bloch; Creaby, Mark W; Simic, Milena;

    2011-01-01

    Mediolateral knee movement can be assessed visually with clinical tests. A knee-medial-to-foot position is associated with an increased risk of knee injuries and pathologies. However, the implications of such findings on daily tasks are not well understood. The aim of this study was to investigate...... if a knee-medial-to-foot position assessed during a clinical test was associated with altered hip and knee joint kinematics and knee joint kinetics during gait compared with those with a knee-over-foot position....

  4. Clinical Application of Total Knee Arthroplasty on Patients with Advanced Knee Osteoarthritis

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    WU Zhi-sen; ZHENG Chen-xiao; QI Liang; CHANG Shang-yi

    2014-01-01

    Objective:To investigate the clinical value of total knee arthroplasty (TKA) on patients with advanced knee osteoarthritis. Methods:The clinical data and efficacy of 26 patients with advanced knee osteoarthritis (26 knees) who were given TKA in our department from June 2012 to May 2013 were retrospectively observed and analyzed. The knee function scores before operation and after follow up were evaluated according to American HSS scoring standard. Results:At the end of follow up, of the 26 patients, 18 were excellent, 6 were good and 2 were not bad in knee function and mobility without sense of pain, which was regarded to be associated with the poor enthusiasm in knee function training, and the total rate of excellent and good was 92.3%. Conclusion:TKA has signiifcant clinical value and favorable efifcacy on patients with advanced knee osteoarthritis.

  5. Clinical Application of Total Knee Arthroplasty on Patients with Advanced Knee Osteoarthritis

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    WU Zhi-sen

    2014-09-01

    Full Text Available Objective: To investigate the clinical value of total knee arthroplasty (TKA on patients with advanced knee osteoarthritis. Methods: The clinical data and efficacy of 26 patients with advanced knee osteoarthritis (26 knees who were given TKA in our department from June 2012 to May 2013 were retrospectively observed and analyzed. The knee function scores before operation and after follow up were evaluated according to American HSS scoring standard. Results: At the end of follow up, of the 26 patients, 18 were excellent, 6 were good and 2 were not bad in knee function and mobility without sense of pain, which was regarded to be associated with the poor enthusiasm in knee function training, and the total rate of excellent and good was 92.3%. Conclusion: TKA has significant clinical value and favorable efficacy on patients with advanced knee osteoarthritis.

  6. The SIGN nail for knee fusion: technique and clinical results

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Anderson Duane Ray

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available Purpose: Evaluate the efficacy of using the SIGN nail for instrumented knee fusion. Methods: Six consecutive patients (seven knees, three males with an average age of 30.5 years (range, 18–50 years underwent a knee arthrodesis with SIGN nail (mean follow-up 10.7 months; range, 8–14 months. Diagnoses included tuberculosis (two knees, congenital knee dislocation in two knees (one patient, bacterial septic arthritis (one knee, malunited spontaneous fusion (one knee, and severe gout with 90° flexion contracture (one knee. The nail was inserted through an anteromedial entry point on the femur and full weightbearing was permitted immediately. Results: All knees had clinical and radiographic evidence of fusion at final follow-up and none required further surgery. Four of six patients ambulated without assistive device, and all patients reported improved overall physical function. There were no post-operative complications. Conclusion: The technique described utilizing the SIGN nail is both safe and effective for knee arthrodesis and useful for austere environments with limited fluoroscopy and implant options.

  7. Predicting dynamic knee joint load with clinical measures in people with medial knee osteoarthritis.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hunt, Michael A; Bennell, Kim L

    2011-08-01

    Knee joint loading, as measured by the knee adduction moment (KAM), has been implicated in the pathogenesis of knee osteoarthritis (OA). Given that the KAM can only currently be accurately measured in the laboratory setting with sophisticated and expensive equipment, its utility in the clinical setting is limited. This study aimed to determine the ability of a combination of four clinical measures to predict KAM values. Three-dimensional motion analysis was used to calculate the peak KAM at a self-selected walking speed in 47 consecutive individuals with medial compartment knee OA and varus malalignment. Clinical predictors included: body mass; tibial angle measured using an inclinometer; walking speed; and visually observed trunk lean toward the affected limb during the stance phase of walking. Multiple linear regression was performed to predict KAM magnitudes using the four clinical measures. A regression model including body mass (41% explained variance), tibial angle (17% explained variance), and walking speed (9% explained variance) explained a total of 67% of variance in the peak KAM. Our study demonstrates that a set of measures easily obtained in the clinical setting (body mass, tibial alignment, and walking speed) can help predict the KAM in people with medial knee OA. Identifying those patients who are more likely to experience high medial knee loads could assist clinicians in deciding whether load-modifying interventions may be appropriate for patients, whilst repeated assessment of joint load could provide a mechanism to monitor disease progression or success of treatment.

  8. Pes anserine bursitis: incidence in symptomatic knees and clinical presentation

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Rennie, W.J. [Royal National Orthopaedic Hospital NHS Trust, Department of Radiology, Stanmore, Middlesex (United Kingdom); Saifuddin, A. [Royal National Orthopaedic Hospital NHS Trust, Department of Radiology, Stanmore, Middlesex (United Kingdom); University College London, Institute of Orthopaedics and Musculoskeletal Sciences (United Kingdom)

    2005-07-01

    To determine the prevalence and associated clinical symptoms of pes anserine bursitis in symptomatic adult knees. A retrospective review was performed of the reports of 509 knee MRI studies obtained from July 1998 to June 2004 on 488 patients presenting to an orthopaedic clinic with knee pain suspected to be due to internal derangement. The MRI studies and case histories of all patients reported to have pes anserine bursitis were reviewed. The management of these patients was also noted. The prevalence of pes anserine bursitis as detected on MRI is 2.5%. The commonest clinical presentation was pain along the medial joint line mimicking a medial meniscal tear. We suggest that an accurate diagnosis of pes anserine bursitis on MRI will help prevent unnecessary arthroscopy and possibly initiate early treatment of the condition. Axial imaging is important in these cases to differentiate the bursa from other medial fluid collections. (orig.)

  9. Knee Bursitis

    Science.gov (United States)

    Knee bursitis Overview By Mayo Clinic Staff Knee bursitis is inflammation of a small fluid-filled sac (bursa) situated ... in your knee can become inflamed, but knee bursitis most commonly occurs over the kneecap or on ...

  10. Open Knee: Open Source Modeling & Simulation to Enable Scientific Discovery and Clinical Care in Knee Biomechanics

    Science.gov (United States)

    Erdemir, Ahmet

    2016-01-01

    Virtual representations of the knee joint can provide clinicians, scientists, and engineers the tools to explore mechanical function of the knee and its tissue structures in health and disease. Modeling and simulation approaches such as finite element analysis also provide the possibility to understand the influence of surgical procedures and implants on joint stresses and tissue deformations. A large number of knee joint models are described in the biomechanics literature. However, freely accessible, customizable, and easy-to-use models are scarce. Availability of such models can accelerate clinical translation of simulations, where labor intensive reproduction of model development steps can be avoided. The interested parties can immediately utilize readily available models for scientific discovery and for clinical care. Motivated by this gap, this study aims to describe an open source and freely available finite element representation of the tibiofemoral joint, namely Open Knee, which includes detailed anatomical representation of the joint's major tissue structures, their nonlinear mechanical properties and interactions. Three use cases illustrate customization potential of the model, its predictive capacity, and its scientific and clinical utility: prediction of joint movements during passive flexion, examining the role of meniscectomy on contact mechanics and joint movements, and understanding anterior cruciate ligament mechanics. A summary of scientific and clinically directed studies conducted by other investigators are also provided. The utilization of this open source model by groups other than its developers emphasizes the premise of model sharing as an accelerator of simulation-based medicine. Finally, the imminent need to develop next generation knee models are noted. These are anticipated to incorporate individualized anatomy and tissue properties supported by specimen-specific joint mechanics data for evaluation, all acquired in vitro from varying age

  11. Long-term clinical outcomes and survivorship after total knee arthroplasty using a rotating platform knee prosthesis: a meta-analysis.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hopley, Colin D J; Crossett, Lawrence S; Chen, Antonia F

    2013-01-01

    A systematic search identified 29 papers reporting survivorship and clinical and function Knee Society Scores (KSS) of 6437 total knee replacements using the Low Contact Stress (LCS) Rotating Platform (RP) mobile bearing knee. Low Contact Stress RP survivorship and KSS outcomes were compared with non-LCS knees in the Swedish knee registry at comparable time periods and in 2 independent systematic reviews of knee arthroplasty outcomes. There is a substantial body of mainly observational evidence supporting the LCS RP knee. Knee Society Score outcomes were comparable for LCS RP and non-LCS RP knees at up to 15 years of follow-up, with mean clinical and function scores ranging from 72 to 96 and 58 to 90, respectively. Survivorship of LCS RP knees up to 14 years was higher than that for all knees in the Swedish Knee Registry.

  12. Comparison between clinical grading and navigation data of knee laxity in ACL-deficient knees

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Yamamoto Yuji

    2010-11-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background The latest version of the navigation system for anterior cruciate ligament (ACL reconstruction has the supplementary ability to assess knee stability before and after ACL reconstruction. In this study, we compared navigation data between clinical grades in ACL-deficient knees and also analyzed correlation between clinical grading and navigation data. Methods 150 ACL deficient knees that received primary ACL reconstruction using an image-free navigation system were included. For clinical evaluation, the Lachman, anterior drawer, and pivot shift tests were performed under general anesthesia and were graded by an examiner. For the assessment of knee stability using the navigation system, manual tests were performed again before ACL reconstruction. Navigation data were recorded as anteroposterior (AP displacement of the tibia for the Lachman and anterior drawer tests, and both AP displacement and tibial rotation for the pivot shift test. Results Navigation data of each clinical grade were as follows; Lachman test grade 1+: 10.0 mm, grade 2+: 13.2 ± 3.1 mm, grade 3+: 14.5 ± 3.3 mm, anterior drawer test grade 1+: 6.8 ± 1.4 mm, grade 2+: 7.4 ± 1.8 mm, grade 3+: 9.1 ± 2.3 mm, pivot shift test grade 1+: 3.9 ± 1.8 mm/21.5° ± 7.8°, grade 2+: 4.8 ± 2.1 mm/21.8° ± 7.1°, and grade 3+: 6.0 ± 3.2 mm/21.1° ± 7.1°. There were positive correlations between clinical grading and AP displacement in the Lachman, and anterior drawer tests. Although positive correlations between clinical grading and AP displacement in pivot shift test were found, there were no correlations between clinical grading and tibial rotation in pivot shift test. Conclusions In response to AP force, the navigation system can provide the surgeon with correct objective data for knee laxity in ACL deficient knees. During the pivot shift test, physicians may grade according to the displacement of the tibia, rather than rotation.

  13. Knee osteoarthrosis secondary to ochronosis -clinical case,

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Andreia Maria da Silva Martins Ferreira

    2014-12-01

    Full Text Available Alkaptonuria is a rare metabolic disease in which a deficiency of the enzyme homogentisate dioxygenase causes an accumulation of homogentisic acid. Ochronosis consists of excessive deposition of homogentisic acid in the connective tissue and presents as a chestnut brown or black pigmentation. With aging, the accumulation of pigments from homogentisic acid in the joints causes osteoarthrosis. There is no specific treatment for the disease and the approach is symptomatic. Arthroplasty is the solution for severe cases of osteoarthrosis caused by this pathological condition and presents results comparable to those from patients with primary osteoarthrosis. Here, the case of a 67-year-old patient who underwent several arthroplasty procedures because of osteoarthrosis caused by this rare pathological condition is presented. The last surgical intervention consisted of total right knee arthroplasty.

  14. The Knee Clinical Assessment Study – CAS(K. A prospective study of knee pain and knee osteoarthritis in the general population

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Hay Elaine

    2004-02-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background Knee pain affects an estimated 25% of the adult population aged 50 years and over. Osteoarthritis is the most common diagnosis made in older adults consulting with knee pain in primary care. However, the relationship between this diagnosis and both the current disease-based definition of osteoarthritis and the regional pain syndrome of knee pain and disability is unclear. Expert consensus, based on current evidence, views the disease and the syndrome as distinct entities but the clinical usefulness of these two approaches to classifying knee pain in older adults has not been established. We plan to conduct a prospective, population-based, observational cohort study to investigate the relative merits of disease-based and regional pain syndrome-based approaches to classification and prognosis of knee pain in older adults. Methods All patients aged 50 years and over registered with three general practices in North Staffordshire will be invited to take part in a two-stage postal survey. Respondents to this survey phase who indicate that they have experienced knee pain within the previous 12 months will be invited to attend a research clinic for a detailed assessment. This will consist of clinical interview, physical examination, digital photography, plain x-rays, anthropometric measurement and a brief self-complete questionnaire. All consenting clinic attenders will be followed up by (i general practice medical record review, (ii repeat postal questionnaire at 18-months.

  15. Compartment syndrome after total knee arthroplasty: regarding a clinical case.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Pinheiro, Ana Alexandra da Costa; Marques, Pedro Miguel Dantas Costa; Sá, Pedro Miguel Gomes; Oliveira, Carolina Fernandes; da Silva, Bruno Pombo Ferreira; de Sousa, Cristina Maria Varino

    2015-01-01

    Although compartment syndrome is a rare complication of total knee arthroplasty, it is one of the most devastating complications. It is defined as a situation of increased pressure within a closed osteofascial space that impairs the circulation and the functioning of the tissues inside this space, thereby leading to ischemia and tissue dysfunction. Here, a clinical case of a patient who was followed up in orthopedic outpatient consultations due to right gonarthrosis is presented. The patient had a history of arthroscopic meniscectomy and presented knee flexion of 10° before the operation, which consisted of total arthroplasty of the right knee. The operation seemed to be free from intercurrences, but the patient evolved with compartment syndrome of the ipsilateral leg after the operation. Since compartment syndrome is a true surgical emergency, early recognition and treatment of this condition through fasciotomy is crucial in order to avoid amputation, limb dysfunction, kidney failure and death. However, it may be difficult to make the diagnosis and cases may not be recognized if the cause of compartment syndrome is unusual or if the patient is under epidural analgesia and/or peripheral nerve block, which thus camouflages the main warning sign, i.e. disproportional pain. In addition, edema of the limb that underwent the intervention is common after total knee arthroplasty operations. This study presents a review of the literature and signals that the possible rarity of cases is probably due to failure to recognize this condition in a timely manner and to placing these patients in other diagnostic groups that are less likely, such as neuropraxia caused by using a tourniquet or peripheral nerve injury.

  16. Compartment syndrome after total knee arthroplasty: regarding a clinical case

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ana Alexandra da Costa Pinheiro

    2015-08-01

    Full Text Available ABSTRACT Although compartment syndrome is a rare complication of total knee arthroplasty, it is one of the most devastating complications. It is defined as a situation of increased pressure within a closed osteofascial space that impairs the circulation and the functioning of the tissues inside this space, thereby leading to ischemia and tissue dysfunction. Here, a clinical case of a patient who was followed up in orthopedic outpatient consultations due to right gonarthrosis is presented. The patient had a history of arthroscopic meniscectomy and presented knee flexion of 10° before the operation, which consisted of total arthroplasty of the right knee. The operation seemed to be free from intercurrences, but the patient evolved with compartment syndrome of the ipsilateral leg after the operation. Since compartment syndrome is a true surgical emergency, early recognition and treatment of this condition through fasciotomy is crucial in order to avoid amputation, limb dysfunction, kidney failure and death. However, it may be difficult to make the diagnosis and cases may not be recognized if the cause of compartment syndrome is unusual or if the patient is under epidural analgesia and/or peripheral nerve block, which thus camouflages the main warning sign, i.e. disproportional pain. In addition, edema of the limb that underwent the intervention is common after total knee arthroplasty operations. This study presents a review of the literature and signals that the possible rarity of cases is probably due to failure to recognize this condition in a timely manner and to placing these patients in other diagnostic groups that are less likely, such as neuropraxia caused by using a tourniquet or peripheral nerve injury.

  17. Clinical Outcomes in Men and Women following Total Knee Arthroplasty with a High-Flex Knee: No Clinical Effect of Gender

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jeffrey M. Nassif

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available While it is generally recognized that anatomical differences exist between the male and female knee, the literature generally refutes the clinical need for gender-specific total knee prostheses. It has been found that standard, unisex knees perform as well, or better, in women than men. Recently, high-flex knees have become available that mechanically accommodate increased flexion yet no studies have directly compared the outcomes of these devices in men and women to see if gender-based differences exist. We retrospectively compared the performance of the high-flex Vanguard knee (Biomet, Warsaw, IN in 716 male and 1,069 female knees. Kaplan-Meier survivorship was 98.5% at 5.6–5.7 years for both genders. After 2 years, mean improvements in Knee Society Knee and Function scores for men and women (50.9 versus 46.3; 26.5 versus 23.1 and corresponding SF-12 Mental and Physical scores (0.2 versus 2.2; 13.7 versus 12.2 were similar with differences not clinically relevant. Postoperative motion gains as a function of preoperative motion level were virtually identical in men and women. This further confirms the suitability of unisex total knee prostheses for both men and women.

  18. Below knee angioplasty in elderly patients: Predictors of major adverse clinical outcomes.

    LENUS (Irish Health Repository)

    Keeling, Aoife N

    2011-03-01

    To determine predictors of clinical outcome following percutaneous transluminal angioplasty (PTA) in elderly patients with below knee atherosclerotic lesions causing intermittent claudication (IC) or critical limb ischaemia (CLI).

  19. A long term clinical outcome of the Medial Pivot Knee Arthroplasty System.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Macheras, George A; Galanakos, Spyridon P; Lepetsos, Panagiotis; Anastasopoulos, Panagiotis P; Papadakis, Stamatios A

    2017-03-01

    The ideal total knee arthroplasty (TKA) should provide maximum range of motion and functional stability for all desired daily activities and, if possible, to replicate normal knee kinematics and function. The ADVANCE® Medial Pivot (AMP) Knee System was designed with a highly congruent medial compartment and a less conforming lateral compartment to more closely mimic the kinematics of the normal knee and to offer more stability through out of range of motion (ROM). The purpose of this study was to evaluate the long-term clinical and radiographic outcomes of this TKA system. Three hundred and twenty-five (325) patients (347 knees) with knee osteoarthritis underwent a TKA using the AMP prosthesis in our Department. For evaluation, objective and subjective clinical rating systems along with radiograph series were used. The average follow-up was 15.2years. All patients showed a statistically significant improvement (p<0.0005) in the Knee Society clinical rating system, Western Ontario and McMaster Universities Osteoarthritis Index questionnaire, SF-12® questionnaire, and Oxford knee score. The majority of patients (94%) were able to perform age-appropriate activities with a mean knee flexion of 120° (range, 105°-135°) at final follow-up. Survival analysis showed a cumulative success rate of 98.8% at 17years. The obtained results demonstrate excellent long-term clinical outcome for this knee design. Copyright © 2017 The Authors. Published by Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.

  20. Quality of Life in Knee Osteoarthritis; Correlation with Clinical Measures and the Knee Injury and Osteoarthritis Outcome Score

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mehmet Atıf Erol Aksekili

    2016-03-01

    Full Text Available INTRODUCTION: Osteoarthritis (OA, the most common degenerative joint disorder, affects the quality of lives (QoL of the sufferers as other chronic disorders. Therefore assessment of QOL is of particular importance. In this study we aimed to evaluate the quality of life (QoL in patients with knee osteoarthritis by using the Nottingham Health Profile (NHP and to determine its relationships with disability and pain indices. METHODS: Patients with knee OA (n=105, with a mean age of 59.79±10.10 yrs and 50 sex and age-matched healthy controls were included in the study. Age, sex, symptom durations, body mass index (BMI and Kellgren-Lawrence scores were recorded. NHP was used in assessment of QoL in all patients and controls. Knee injury and Osteoarthritis Outcome Score (KOOS was used in assessment of disability and pain was assessed by using Visual Analog Scale (VAS in patients. RESULTS: Patients with knee OA had higher scores in all subgroups of NHP than controls. In patients the NHP total score significantly correlated to presence of effusion, VAS pain and the KOOS subgroups scores. DISCUSSION AND CONCLUSION: The patients with knee OA had a significantly poorer quality of life compared to the healthy persons. Besides, NHP was found to be associated with clinical examination findings and disability. We assume that NHP can effectively be used in evaluation of health status in patients with knee OA.

  1. Limitations and sources of bias in clinical knee cartilage research.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Worthen, Jamie; Waterman, Brian R; Davidson, Philip A; Lubowitz, James H

    2012-09-01

    The purpose of this study was to systematically review the limitations and biases inherent to surgical trials on the management of knee chondral defects. A literature search of PubMed/Medline, CINAHL (Cumulative Index to Nursing and Allied Health Literature), EMBASE, and the Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials was conducted in September 2010 and updated in August 2011 to identify all English-language, Level I evidence, prospective, randomized controlled trials published from 1996 to present. The keyword search included the following: "autologous chondrocyte," "cartilage graft," "cartilage repair," "chondroplasty," "microfracture," "mosaicplasty," and/or "osteochondral." Nonoperative studies, nonhuman studies, ex vivo studies, non-knee studies, and/or studies with follow-up of less than 1 year were excluded. A systematic review was performed on all included studies, and limitations and/or biases were identified and quantitated. Of 15,311 citations, 33 abstracts were reviewed and 11 prospective, randomized controlled trials were included. We identified 9 major limitations (subject age, subject prior surgery, subject duration of symptoms, lesion location, lesion size, lesion number, procedure selection, procedure standardization, and limited histologic analysis) and 7 common biases (selection, performance, transfer, nonresponder, detection, publication, and study design). Level I therapeutic studies investigating the surgical management of human knee cartilage defects have substantial identified biases and limitations. This review has limitations because other classifications of bias or limitation exist. Optimal management of cartilage defects is controversial, and future rigorous research methods could minimize common biases through strict study design and patient selection criteria, larger patient enrollment, more extended follow-up, and standardization of clinical treatment pathways. Level I, systematic review of Level I studies. Copyright © 2012

  2. Utilization and cost of a new model of care for managing acute knee injuries: the Calgary acute knee injury clinic

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Lau Breda HF

    2012-12-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background Musculoskeletal disorders (MSDs affect a large proportion of the Canadian population and present a huge problem that continues to strain primary healthcare resources. Currently, the Canadian healthcare system depicts a clinical care pathway for MSDs that is inefficient and ineffective. Therefore, a new inter-disciplinary team-based model of care for managing acute knee injuries was developed in Calgary, Alberta, Canada: the Calgary Acute Knee Injury Clinic (C-AKIC. The goal of this paper is to evaluate and report on the appropriateness, efficiency, and effectiveness of the C-AKIC through healthcare utilization and costs associated with acute knee injuries. Methods This quasi-experimental study measured and evaluated cost and utilization associated with specific healthcare services for patients presenting with acute knee injuries. The goal was to compare patients receiving care from two clinical care pathways: the existing pathway (i.e. comparison group and a new model, the C-AKIC (i.e. experimental group. This was accomplished through the use of a Healthcare Access and Patient Satisfaction Questionnaire (HAPSQ. Results Data from 138 questionnaires were analyzed in the experimental group and 136 in the comparison group. A post-hoc analysis determined that both groups were statistically similar in socio-demographic characteristics. With respect to utilization, patients receiving care through the C-AKIC used significantly less resources. Overall, patients receiving care through the C-AKIC incurred 37% of the cost of patients with knee injuries in the comparison group and significantly incurred less costs when compared to the comparison group. The total aggregate average cost for the C-AKIC group was $2,549.59 compared to $6,954.33 for the comparison group (p Conclusions The Calgary Acute Knee Injury Clinic was able to manage and treat knee injured patients for less cost than the existing state of healthcare delivery. The

  3. Clinical descriptors for the recognition of central sensitization pain in patients with knee osteoarthritis

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Lluch, Enrique; Nijs, Jo; Courtney, Carol A

    2017-01-01

    hyperalgesia, hypoesthesia and reduced vibration sense. CONCLUSIONS: This article describes a set of clinically relevant descriptors that might indicate the presence of central sensitization in patients with knee osteoarthritis in clinical practice. Although based on research data, the descriptors proposed...

  4. MR appearance of autologous chondrocyte implantation in the knee: correlation with the knee features and clinical outcome

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Takahashi, Tomoki [Department of Radiology and Institute of Orthopaedics, Oswestry, Shropshire (United Kingdom); Kumamoto University, Department of Orthopaedic and Neuro-Musculoskeletal Surgery, Kumamoto (Japan); Tins, Bernhard; McCall, Iain W.; Ashton, Karen [Department of Radiology and Institute of Orthopaedics, Oswestry, Shropshire (United Kingdom); Robert Jones and Agnes Hunt Orthopaedic Hospital NHS Trust, Department of Diagnostic Imaging, Oswestry, Shropshire (United Kingdom); Richardson, James B. [Department of Radiology and Institute of Orthopaedics, Oswestry, Shropshire (United Kingdom); RJAH Orthopaedic Hospital, Institute of Orthopaedics, Oswestry, Shropshire (United Kingdom); Takagi, Katsumasa [Department of Radiology and Institute of Orthopaedics, Oswestry, Shropshire (United Kingdom); Kumamoto Aging Research Institute, Kumamoto (Japan)

    2006-01-01

    To relate the magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) appearance of autologous chondrocyte implantation (ACI) in the knee in the 1st postoperative year with other knee features on MRI and with clinical outcome. Forty-nine examinations were performed in 49 patients at 1 year after ACI in the knee. Forty-one preoperative magnetic resonance (MR) examinations were also available. The grafts were assessed for smoothness, thickness in comparison with that of adjacent cartilage, signal intensity, integration to underlying bone and adjacent cartilage, and congruity of subchondral bone. Presence of overgrowth and bone marrow appearance beneath the graft were also assessed. Presence of osteophyte formation, further cartilage defects, appearance of the cruciate ligaments and the menisci were also recorded. An overall graft score was constructed, using the graft appearances. This was correlated with the knee features and the Lysholm score, a clinical self-assessment score. The data were analysed by a Kruskal-Wallis H test followed by a Mann-Whitney U test with Bonferroni correction as post-hoc test. Of 49 grafts, 32 (65%) demonstrated complete defect filling 1 year postoperatively. General overgrowth was seen in eight grafts (16%), and partial overgrowth in 13 grafts (26%). Bone marrow change underneath the graft was seen; oedema was seen in 23 grafts (47%), cysts in six grafts (12%) and sclerosis in two grafts (4%). Mean graft score was 8.7 (of maximal 12) (95% CI 8.0-9.5). Knees without osteophyte formation or additional other cartilage defects (other than the graft site) had a significantly higher graft score than knees with multiple osteophytes (P=0.0057) or multiple further cartilage defects (P=0.014). At 1 year follow-up improvement in the clinical scores was not significantly different for any subgroup. (orig.)

  5. [Clinical factors and findings in knee arthroscopy of patients with knee arthrosis candidates for conversion to total replacement].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Figueroa, D; Calvo, R; Villalón, I; Tuca, M J; Vaisman, A; Valdés, M

    2013-01-01

    To identify those clinical characteristic and arthroscopic findings in patients with knee arthrosis that are associated with worsening of the disease and subsequent total knee arthroplasty (TKA). A retrospective, descriptive study was conducted on 78 consecutive patients (88 knees) who underwent knee arthroscopy for arthrosis. The study included 44 women and 34 men, with a mean age of 58.9 years (range: 37-78 years). After a mean follow-up of 50.4 months (range: 12-96 months), those patients who progressed towards TKA were identified. A logistic regression model was applied to recognise the factors associated with deterioration of the arthrosis, with consequent progression towards a TKA. Twenty-four out of the 88 knees progressed towards a TKA (27.3%) within a mean time of 13.5 months after arthroscopy (range: 13-29 months). The clinical characteristics that showed a significant association with poor progression of the arthrosis were: female gender (0.02) and Ahlbäck 2 (P=.04). Arthroscopic finding that proved significant correlation with worsening of the arthrosis towards TKA were: meniscal tears of the posterior horn (P=.02), meniscectomies above 60% (P=.03), and 2nd degree chondral lesions in loading areas of the medial femoral condyle (P=.02). The variables associated with a greater chance of progressing towards a TKA after a knee arthroscopy due to arthrosis in this study were, female gender, grade 2 radiographic arthrosis, posterior horn meniscal lesions, meniscectomies over 60%, and chondral lesions in loading area of the medial femoral condyle. Copyright © 2013 SECOT. Published by Elsevier Espana. All rights reserved.

  6. Holistic approach to understanding anterior knee pain. Clinical implications.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sanchis-Alfonso, Vicente

    2014-10-01

    Anterior knee pain is one of the most frequent reasons for consultation within knee conditions. The aetiology is not well known, which explains the sometimes unpredictable results of its treatment. Normally, when we see a patient in the office with anterior knee pain, we only study and focus on the knee. If we do this, we are making a big mistake. We must not forget to evaluate the pelvis and proximal femur, as well as the psychological factors that modulate the course of the illness. Both the pelvifemoral dysfunction as well as the psychological factors (anxiety, depression, catastrophization and kinesiophobia) must be included in our therapeutic targets of the multidisciplinary treatment of anterior knee pain. We must not only focus on the knee, we must remember to "look up" to fully understand what is happening and be able to solve this difficult problem. The aetiology of anterior knee pain is multifactorial. Therefore, diagnosis and treatment of patellofemoral disorders must be individualized. Our findings stress the importance of tailoring physiotherapy, surgery and psycho-educational interventions to each patient.

  7. Clinical outcome of internal fixation of unstable juvenile osteochondritis dissecans lesions of the knee.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Webb, Jonathan E; Lewallen, Laura W; Christophersen, Christy; Krych, Aaron J; McIntosh, Amy L

    2013-11-01

    Juvenile osteochondritis dissecans (OCD) lesions of the knee are a common cause of knee pain in skeletally immature patients.The authors sought to determine lesion healing rates, the risk factors associated with failure to heal, and the clinical outcomes for patients who underwent internal fixation for unstable OCD lesions. A retrospective review was conducted of all patients who underwent internal fixation of OCD lesions from 1999 to 2009. Using validated scoring systems, clinical outcome and functional activity were evaluated at the follow-up. The study group comprised 19 patients (20 knees). Mean patient age was 14.5 years (range, 12-17 years). Mean clinical follow-up was 7 years (range, 2-13 years). Mean radiographic follow-up was 2.5 years (range, 0.5-9 years). Fourteen (70%) lesions were grade 3 and 6 (30%) were grade 4. Eleven knees had lateral condyle lesions and 9 had medial lesions. Bioabsorbable fixation was used in 13 knees, metal fixation was used in 5 knees, and 2 knees were fixed with a combination of methods. Osseous integration was evident in 15 (75%) of 20 knees at final follow-up. The 5 unhealed lesions were lateral condylar lesions. Mean Tegner activity scores improved from 3.3 preoperatively to 5.6 at final follow-up. Mean Lysholm and International Knee Documentation Committee scores were 86.8 and 88.7, respectively, at final follow-up. Further operative intervention was required in 11 knees, with 50% of patients undergoing removal of hardware and 15% requiring subsequent osteochondral allograft transplantation. The authors recommend bioabsorbable fixation for symptomatic stable lesions and metal compression screws with staged removal for unstable lesions.

  8. CURBSIDE CONSULTATION IN KNEE ARTHROPLASTY: 49 CLINICAL QUESTIONS

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Craig J. Della Vale

    2008-12-01

    Full Text Available A user- friendly reference for decision making in complicated cases of knee arthroplasty desingned in a question and answers format composed of articles containing current concepts and preferences of experts in total knee replacement surgery, enhanced by several images, diagrams and references and written in the form of a casual advice by Craig J. Della Vale, MD. and his collaborators. PURPOSE By this practical reference of knee arthroplasty, the editor and the contributors have aimed providing straightforward and brief answers, evidence-based advices, their preference and opinions containing current concepts for unanswered questions about complicated cases in total knee replacement surgery which are often controversial and not addressed clearly in traditional knee arthroplasty references. FEATURES There are 49 subjects each written by a different expert designed in 4 sections in a question and answers format including several images and diagrams and also essential references at the end of each article. In the first section preoperative questions is subjected including indications, unicompartmental osteoarthritis of the knee, patient with vascular problems, donating blood, bilateral arthroplasty, patellar resurfacing, range of motion, bearing surface, contraindications, teaching class for patients prior surgery. The second section is about intraoperative questions including skin incision, patella femoral maltracking, femoral component rotation, tibial component rotation, lateral release, femoral component sizing, flexion instability, varus deformity, and valgus deformity, tightness in extension, iatrogenic MCL injury, antibiotic-loaded cement, and perioperative pain. The third section subjects postoperative questions including wound drainage, preventing tromboembolic events, vascular complications, foot drop, manipulation under anesthesia, patella fractures, supracondylar femur fractures, acute extensor mechanism disruptions. In the fourth

  9. Effect of posterior condylar offset on clinical results after posterior-stabilized total knee arthroplasty

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Jian-Tao Wang; Yu Zhang; Qing Liu; Qiang He; Dong-Liang Zhang; Ying Zhang; Ji-Xuan Xiao

    2015-01-01

    Purpose:To determine the effect of the posterior condylar offset (PCO) on clinical results after total knee arthroplasty (TKA) using a high-flex posterior-stabilized (PS) fixed-bearing prosthesis.Methods:We prospectively studied the clinical and radiographic materials of 89 consecutive female patients (89 knees),who had undergone primary TKAs for end-stage osteoarthritis.All operations were performed by a single senior surgeon or under his supervision using the same operative technique.Based on the corrected PCO change,we divided all cases into two groups:group A (corrected PCO change ≥0 mm,58 knees) and group B (corrected PCO change <0 mm,31 knees).One-year postoperatively,clinical and radiographic variables from the two groups were compared by independent t-test.The associations between the corrected PCO changes and the improvements of clinical variables in all patients were analyzed by Pearson linear correlation.Results:One-year postoperatively,the Knee Society Scores,the Western Ontario and McMaster Universities Osteoarthritis Index,non-weight-bearing active and passive range of knee flexion,flexion contracture,extensor lag,and their improvements had no statistical differences between the two groups (all p > 0.05).The corrected PCO change was not significantly correlated with the improvement of any clinical variable (all p > 0.05).Group A demonstrated greater flexion than group B during active weight bearing (p < 0.05).Conclusions:Restoration of PCO plays an important role in the optimization of active knee flexion during weight-bearing conditions after posterior-stabilized TKA,while it has no benefit to non-weight-bearing knee flexion or any other clinical result.

  10. Changes Within Clinical Practice After a Randomized Controlled Trial of Knee Arthroscopy for Osteoarthritis

    OpenAIRE

    Amin, Nirav H; Hussain, Waqas; Ryan, John; Morrison, Shannon; Miniaci, Anthony; Jones, Morgan H.

    2017-01-01

    Background: In 2002, Moseley et al published a randomized controlled trial (RCT) that showed no difference between knee arthroscopy and placebo for patients with osteoarthritis (OA). We wanted to assess the impact of the trial on clinical practice in the United States. Purpose/Hypothesis: To evaluate changes in knee arthroscopy practice before and after publication of the article by Moseley et al and to assess the effect of this landmark RCT on the behavior of practicing orthopaedic surgeons....

  11. Clinical Research of Rolling Manipulation in Treating Knee Osteoarthritis

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    黄儒德; 龚利; 吴凌翔; 吴君怡; 张沈煜

    2008-01-01

    @@ Knee Osteoarthritis (KOA) is also called degenerative osteoarthritis. With its incidence reaching 13.2 % in men and 28.3 % in women, it has become the most common joint disease and also oneof the major reasons for old people to be disabled[1]. The feature of the disease is progressive degeneration in cartilage tissue of the joint, osteophyma formed in the border of the joint and reactive change in the sclerotin of the cartilage. The patients can experience pain and weakness of the knee joint, difficulty in walking, standing and climbing stairs, which severely disturb the daily life of the patients.

  12. Clinical knee findings in floor layers with focus on meniscal status

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jensen Lilli

    2008-10-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background The aim of this study was to examine the prevalence of self-reported and clinical knee morbidity among floor layers compared to a group of graphic designers, with special attention to meniscal status. Methods We obtained information about knee complaints by questionnaire and conducted a bilateral clinical and radiographic knee examination in 134 male floor layers and 120 male graphic designers. After the exclusion of subjects with reports of earlier knee injuries the odds ratio (OR with 95% confidence intervals (CI of knee complaints and clinical findings were computed among floor layers compared to graphic designers, using logistic regression. Estimates were adjusted for effects of body mass index, age and knee straining sports. Using radiographic evaluations, we conducted side-specific sensitivity analyses regarding clinical signs of meniscal lesions after the exclusion of participants with tibiofemoral (TF osteoarthritis (OA. Results Reports of knee pain (OR = 2.7, 95% CI = 1.5–4.6, pain during stair walking (OR = 2.2, 95% CI = 1.3–3.9 and symptoms of catching of the knee joint (OR = 2.9, 95% CI = 1.4–5.7 were more prevalent among floor layers compared to graphic designers. Additionally, significant more floor layers than graphic designers had clinical signs suggesting possible meniscal lesions: a positive McMurray test (OR = 2.4, 95% CI = 1.1–5.0 and TF joint line tenderness (OR = 5.4, 95% CI = 2.4–12.0. Excluding floor layers (n = 22 and graphic designers (n = 15 with radiographic TF OA did not alter this trend between the two study groups: a positive McMurray test (OR = 2.2, 95% CI = 1.0–4.9, TF joint line tenderness (OR = 5.0, 95% CI = 2.0–12.5. Conclusion Results indicate that floor layers have a high prevalence of both self-reported and clinical knee morbidity. Clinical knee findings suggesting possible meniscal lesions were significant more prevalent among floor layers compared to a group of low

  13. Clinical knee findings in floor layers with focus on meniscal status.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rytter, Søren; Jensen, Lilli Kirkeskov; Bonde, Jens Peter

    2008-10-22

    The aim of this study was to examine the prevalence of self-reported and clinical knee morbidity among floor layers compared to a group of graphic designers, with special attention to meniscal status. We obtained information about knee complaints by questionnaire and conducted a bilateral clinical and radiographic knee examination in 134 male floor layers and 120 male graphic designers. After the exclusion of subjects with reports of earlier knee injuries the odds ratio (OR) with 95% confidence intervals (CI) of knee complaints and clinical findings were computed among floor layers compared to graphic designers, using logistic regression. Estimates were adjusted for effects of body mass index, age and knee straining sports. Using radiographic evaluations, we conducted side-specific sensitivity analyses regarding clinical signs of meniscal lesions after the exclusion of participants with tibiofemoral (TF) osteoarthritis (OA). Reports of knee pain (OR = 2.7, 95% CI = 1.5-4.6), pain during stair walking (OR = 2.2, 95% CI = 1.3-3.9) and symptoms of catching of the knee joint (OR = 2.9, 95% CI = 1.4-5.7) were more prevalent among floor layers compared to graphic designers. Additionally, significant more floor layers than graphic designers had clinical signs suggesting possible meniscal lesions: a positive McMurray test (OR = 2.4, 95% CI = 1.1-5.0) and TF joint line tenderness (OR = 5.4, 95% CI = 2.4-12.0). Excluding floor layers (n = 22) and graphic designers (n = 15) with radiographic TF OA did not alter this trend between the two study groups: a positive McMurray test (OR = 2.2, 95% CI = 1.0-4.9), TF joint line tenderness (OR = 5.0, 95% CI = 2.0-12.5). Results indicate that floor layers have a high prevalence of both self-reported and clinical knee morbidity. Clinical knee findings suggesting possible meniscal lesions were significant more prevalent among floor layers compared to a group of low-level exposed graphic designers and an association with occupational

  14. Clinical results of Hi-tech Knee II total knee arthroplasty in patients with rheumatoid athritis: 5- to 12-year follow-up

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Yamanaka Hajime

    2012-02-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background Total knee arthroplasty (TKA is a common form of treatment to relieve pain and improve function in cases of rheumatoid arthritis (RA. Good clinical outcomes have been reported with a variety of TKA prostheses. The cementless Hi-Tech Knee II cruciate-retaining (CR-type prosthesis, which has 6 fins at the anterior of the femoral component, posterior cruciate ligament (PCL retention, flat-on-flat surface component geometry, all-polyethylene patella, strong initial fixation by the center screw of the tibial base plate, 10 layers of titanium alloy fiber mesh, and direct compression molded ultra high molecular weight polyethylene (UHMWPE, is appropriate for TKA in the Japanese knee. The present study was performed to evaluate the clinical results of primary TKA in RA using the cementless Hi-Tech Knee II CR-type prosthesis. Materials and methods We performed 32 consecutive primary TKAs using cementless Hi-Tech Knee II CR-type prosthesis in 31 RA patients. The average follow-up period was 8 years 3 months. Clinical evaluations were performed according to the American Knee Society (KS system, knee score, function score, radiographic evaluation, and complications. Results The mean postoperative maximum flexion angle was 115.6°, and the KS knee score and function score improved to 88 and 70 after surgery, respectively. Complications, such as infection, occurred in 1 patient and revision surgery was performed. There were no cases of loosening in this cohort, and prosthesis survival rate was 96.9% at 12 years postoperatively. Conclusion These results suggest that TKA using the cementless Hi-Tech Knee II CR-type prosthesis is a very effective form of treatment in RA patients at 5 to 12 years postoperatively. Further long-term follow-up studies are required to determine the ultimate utility of this type of prosthesis.

  15. Interesting clinical presentation of anterior knee pain causing diagnostic dilemma.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Morgan, Samer S; Balasubramanian, S; Teanby, D

    2009-09-01

    A diverse variety of lesions may occasionally occur in the patella. In this case report, we are presenting an interesting case of anterior knee pain in middle aged gentleman. Initial investigations including Magnetic Resonance Imaging not showed any abnormality. Due to prolonged continued pain he had bone scan and MRI, which confirmed the diagnosis of Brodie's abscess. We are presenting this case of Brodie's abscess of the patella causing diagnostic dilemma because of its rarity.

  16. CLINICAL OBSERVATION ON THE TREATMENT OF KNEE OSTEOARTHRITIS BY ACUPUNCTURE IN BA-HE TECHNIQUE

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    LIANG Yun-wu; TAN Yuan-sheng; ZHOU Jun

    2005-01-01

    Objective:To observe the clinical therapeutic effect of Ba-He technique of acupuncture in the treatment of knee osteoarthritis. Methods: A total of 90 cases of knee osteoarthritis were evenly randomized into Ba-He technique group (observation group) and common technique group (control group), with 45 cases in each group. Zusanli (足三里 ST 36), Heding (鹤顶 EX-LE 2) and Dubi (犊鼻 ST 35) were punctured respectively in Ba-He technique and common technique in the two groups. The therapeutic effects of the two groups were compared after one course of treatment (10 sessions) in accordance with Japanese assessment criteria for knee-joint functions. Results: Aftertreatment, among the 74 and 71 affected knees in the observation and control groups, the therapeutic effect was excellent in 42 (56.8%) and 26 (36.6%) knees, fine in 14 (18.9%) and 20 (28.2%), OK in 10 (13.5%) and 11 (15.5%), and poor in 8 (10.8%) and 14 (19.7%) respectively. The therapeutic effect of the observation group was significantly better than that of control group (P<0.01). Conclusion: The Ba-He technique of acupuncture applied to the above-mentioned three acupoints exerted remarkable therapeutic effect for knee osteoarthritis, which is obviously better than that of the common needling technique.

  17. Ultrasonographic Diagnosis of Bone Tumor of the Knee and Its Clinical Implication

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    ZENG; Hui; KANG; Bin; LIU; Guoping; TANG; Xingyu

    2001-01-01

    In order to evaluate the value of the ultrasonography in the diagnosis of tumor of the knee and its clinical implication, 57 patients with clinically suspected bone tumor of the knee were examined by ultrasound. The ultrasonographic characteristics of different bone tumors were studied and compared with the results of pathologic characters after operation. Ultrasonography can readily visualize the bony destruction and the pathologic change of the periosteum and the soft tissue related to bone tumor. Fifty-two cases of malignant bone tumors and 15 cases of giant cell tumors were diagnosed by ultrasonography. Pathologically, there were 54 cases of malignant bone tumor and 13 cases of giant cell tumor. It was concluded that ultrasonographic examination might be a useful method for the diagnoses of bone tumor of the knee and play an important role in guiding needle biopsy and electing operative method and approach.

  18. The Genesis II in primary total knee replacement: a systematic literature review of clinical outcomes.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bhandari, Mohit; Pascale, Walter; Sprague, Sheila; Pascale, Valerio

    2012-01-01

    Since its introduction in 1996, the Genesis II Total Knee System has produced good clinical results in patients undergoing primary total knee replacement. A systematic review of the literature-the first of its kind for this device-was undertaken to collect data on the Genesis II in order to provide a better understanding of its medium- to long-term performance. Of 124 Genesis II-related studies published in the literature, 11 met the eligibility criteria and were included in the final analysis. The included studies had a mean follow-up length of 38.1 months. Data from 1201 knees were available for review. Patients were an average of 70.5 years of age and predominantly female (63%). Findings indicated that the revision rate with this implant is low with up to 11.9 years of follow-up, with 14 revisions in total. The survival rate ranged from 100% at 1 and 2 years to 96.0% at 11.9 years. The mean Knee Society knee score improved 51.0 points from preoperative to postoperative evaluation. In conclusion, the Genesis II exhibited good clinical performance with up to 11 years follow-up, with an encouraging rate of survival and improvement in function. Additional studies with larger sample sizes and longer follow-up periods are needed to better understand the long-term performance of this implant.

  19. Knee shape might predict clinical outcome after an anterior cruciate ligament rupture.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Eggerding, V; van Kuijk, K S R; van Meer, B L; Bierma-Zeinstra, S M A; van Arkel, E R A; Reijman, M; Waarsing, J H; Meuffels, D E

    2014-06-01

    We have investigated whether shape of the knee can predict the clinical outcome of patients after an anterior cruciate ligament rupture. We used statistical shape modelling to measure the shape of the knee joint of 182 prospectively followed patients on lateral and Rosenberg view radiographs of the knee after a rupture of the anterior cruciate ligament. Subsequently, we associated knee shape with the International Knee Documentation Committee subjective score at two years follow-up. The mean age of patients was 31 years (21 to 51), the majority were male (n = 121) and treated operatively (n = 135). We found two modes (shape variations) that were significantly associated with the subjective score at two years: one for the operatively treated group (p = 0.002) and one for the non-operatively treated group (p = 0.003). Operatively treated patients who had higher subjective scores had a smaller intercondylar notch and a smaller width of the intercondylar eminence. Non-operatively treated patients who scored higher on the subjective score had a more pyramidal intercondylar notch as opposed to one that was more dome-shaped. We conclude that the shape of the femoral notch and the intercondylar eminence is predictive of clinical outcome two years after a rupture of the anterior cruciate ligament.

  20. Gender difference in symptomatic radiographic knee osteoarthritis in the Knee Clinical Assessment – CAS(K: A prospective study in the general population

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Duncan Rachel C

    2008-06-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background A recent study of adults aged ≥50 years reporting knee pain found an excess of radiographic knee osteoarthritis (knee ROA in symptomatic males compared to females. This was independent of age, BMI and other clinical signs and symptoms. Since this finding contradicts many previous studies, our objective was to explore four possible explanations for this gender difference: X-ray views, selection, occupation and non-articular conditions. Methods A community-based prospective study. 819 adults aged ≥50 years reporting knee pain in the previous 12 months were recruited by postal questionnaires to a research clinic involving plain radiography (weight-bearing posteroanterior semiflexed, supine skyline and lateral views, clinical interview and physical examination. Any knee ROA, ROA severity, tibiofemoral joint osteoarthritis (TJOA and patellofemoral joint osteoarthritis (PJOA were defined using all three radiographic views. Occupational class was derived from current or last job title. Proportions of each gender with symptomatic knee ROA were expressed as percentages, stratified by age; differences between genders were expressed as percentage differences with 95% confidence intervals. Results 745 symptomatic participants were eligible and had complete X-ray data. Males had a higher occurrence (77% of any knee ROA than females (61%. In 50–64 year olds, the excess in men was mild knee OA (particularly PJOA; in ≥65 year olds, the excess was both mild and moderate/severe knee OA (particularly combined TJOA/PJOA. This male excess persisted when using the posteroanterior view only (64% vs. 52%. The lowest level of participation in the clinic was symptomatic females aged 65+. Within each occupational class there were more males with symptomatic knee ROA than females. In those aged 50–64 years, non-articular conditions were equally common in both genders although, in those aged 65+, they occurred more frequently in symptomatic

  1. Gender difference in symptomatic radiographic knee osteoarthritis in the Knee Clinical Assessment--CAS(K): a prospective study in the general population.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lacey, Rosie J; Thomas, Elaine; Duncan, Rachel C; Peat, George

    2008-06-11

    A recent study of adults aged >or=50 years reporting knee pain found an excess of radiographic knee osteoarthritis (knee ROA) in symptomatic males compared to females. This was independent of age, BMI and other clinical signs and symptoms. Since this finding contradicts many previous studies, our objective was to explore four possible explanations for this gender difference: X-ray views, selection, occupation and non-articular conditions. A community-based prospective study. 819 adults aged >or=50 years reporting knee pain in the previous 12 months were recruited by postal questionnaires to a research clinic involving plain radiography (weight-bearing posteroanterior semiflexed, supine skyline and lateral views), clinical interview and physical examination. Any knee ROA, ROA severity, tibiofemoral joint osteoarthritis (TJOA) and patellofemoral joint osteoarthritis (PJOA) were defined using all three radiographic views. Occupational class was derived from current or last job title. Proportions of each gender with symptomatic knee ROA were expressed as percentages, stratified by age; differences between genders were expressed as percentage differences with 95% confidence intervals. 745 symptomatic participants were eligible and had complete X-ray data. Males had a higher occurrence (77%) of any knee ROA than females (61%). In 50-64 year olds, the excess in men was mild knee OA (particularly PJOA); in >or=65 year olds, the excess was both mild and moderate/severe knee OA (particularly combined TJOA/PJOA). This male excess persisted when using the posteroanterior view only (64% vs. 52%). The lowest level of participation in the clinic was symptomatic females aged 65+. Within each occupational class there were more males with symptomatic knee ROA than females. In those aged 50-64 years, non-articular conditions were equally common in both genders although, in those aged 65+, they occurred more frequently in symptomatic females (41%) than males (31%). The excess of knee

  2. Avulsion Fractures of the Knee: Imaging Findings and Clinical Significance

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Babak Sanei

    2010-05-01

    Full Text Available The knee is an intricate joint with numerous tendinous, ligamentous, and meniscal attachments, which make it particularly vulnerable to complex injuries after trauma. A variety of avulsion fractures of the knee can occur, including Segond and reverse Segond fractures; avulsions of the anterior and posterior cruciate ligaments; arcuate complex avulsion; iliotibial band avulsion; avulsions of the biceps femoris, semimembranous, and quadriceps tendons; Sinding-Larsen-Johansson syndrome; and Osgood- Schlatter disease. These fractures often have a subtle appearance at conventional radiography, which is typically the first imaging modality performed in these cases. Advanced imaging modalities, particularly magnetic resonance imaging, are helpful and can provide valuable additional information for adequately defining the extent of damage. The onus is on the radiologist to identify the pattern of injury and to understand the substantial underlying damage that it frequently represents. Conveying this information to the referring clinician is crucial and represents the first step toward additional evaluation and probable orthopedic referral. By recognizing the significance of these injuries at initial presentation, radiologists can facilitate appropriate patient work-up and prevent the chronic morbidity associated with delayed treatment.

  3. Preserving knee function following osteoarthritis diagnosis: a sustainability theory and social ecology clinical commentary.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Nyland, J; Wera, J; Henzman, C; Miller, T; Jakob, R; Caborn, D N M

    2015-02-01

    To sustain natural systems, there must be an ongoing balance between environmental, social, and economic considerations. A key element of sustainability theory is to identify the most vulnerable surroundings. The most vulnerable knee tissue is the articular cartilage as it is the last line of osteoarthritis (OA) defense. This tissue has a poor capacity for healing. Based on sustainability theory and social ecology concepts we propose that several key factors contribute to knee function preservation. Factors include health history, genetic predisposition, personal behaviors, and socio-environmental factors in addition to local-regional-global physiological system function. Addressing only some of these factors or any one factor in isolation may lead to less than optimal treatment effectiveness. The purpose of this commentary is to introduce a medical, surgical and rehabilitation management approach for patients with knee OA that considers more than physical function improvement. This approach also considers social, emotional, and environmental factors to better ensure patient satisfaction, fulfilled expectations and successful outcomes. A clinical care pathway is presented for a 57-year-old patient with medial compartment knee OA who is contemplating early arthroplasty versus a knee function preservation treatment approach. Early arthroplasty refers to high revision likelihood based on a minimum 15 year prosthesis life-expectancy.

  4. Clinical outcome after treatment of infected primary total knee arthroplasty

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Husted, Henrik; Jensen, Tim Toftgaard

    2002-01-01

    Twenty-six consecutive cases of infected primary total knee arthroplasties were treated at our institution from 1989 through 2000. Eleven patients had debridement and irrigation performed within 2 months of index arthroplasty or hematogenous spread; only one infection was eradicated. Twenty......-five patients had their prostheses removed; 17 had two-stage revision arthroplasty, following which infection was eradicated in 15; one had a permanent spacer, 7 had arthrodesis (following failed revision arthroplasty in one) and 2 had a femur amputation (following failed revision arthroplasty in one) at follow......-up of mean 24 months. Infections were cured equally well with revision arthroplasty and arthrodesis. Among the 15 patients who ended up with revision arthroplasty, 11 had a better range of motion compared to the index arthroplasty, but 8 had daily pain. We present our treatment protocol, which eradicated 15...

  5. Anterior subluxation of the lateral tibial plateau. A new clinical test and the morbidity of this type of knee instability.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Martens, M A; Mulier, J C

    1981-01-01

    A new clinical test is presented for the diagnosis of anterolateral knee instability. The advantages of the test are obviation of apprehension- and muscle spasm avoiding false negative results and also the recognition by the patient of his sensation of "collapsing at the knee". This allows for differentiation between "giving away" due to a torn meniscus alone and concomitant anterolateral knee instability. It implies important consequences for prognosis and treatment of the knee problem of the athlete. Underlying pathology consists of a torn anterior cruciate ligament and primary or secondary stretching of the soft tissues at the lateral and posterolateral capsule. These lesions and a positive test for anterolateral knee instability does not inevitably result in a disability for sports activity. The dynamic muscular control protects the knee in many instances from collapsing at cross over cutting.

  6. The Knee Clinical Assessment Study – CAS(K). A prospective study of knee pain and knee osteoarthritis in the general population

    OpenAIRE

    Hay Elaine; Duncan Rachel; Wilkie Ross; Myers Helen; Dziedzic Krysia; Wood Laurence; Handy June; Thomas Elaine; Peat George; Hill Jonathan; Croft Peter

    2004-01-01

    Abstract Background Knee pain affects an estimated 25% of the adult population aged 50 years and over. Osteoarthritis is the most common diagnosis made in older adults consulting with knee pain in primary care. However, the relationship between this diagnosis and both the current disease-based definition of osteoarthritis and the regional pain syndrome of knee pain and disability is unclear. Expert consensus, based on current evidence, views the disease and the syndrome as distinct entities b...

  7. Clinical benefit of intra-articular saline as a comparator in clinical trials of knee osteoarthritis treatments

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Altman, Roy D; Devji, Tahira; Bhandari, Mohit;

    2016-01-01

    OBJECTIVES: Hyaluronic acid and corticosteroids are common intra-articular (IA) therapies widely used for the management of mild to moderate knee osteoarthritis (OA). Many trials evaluating the efficacy of IA administered therapies commonly use IA saline injections as a placebo comparator arm....... Using a systematic review and meta-analysis, our objective was to assess the clinical benefit associated with use of IA saline in trials of IA therapies in the treatment of patients with painful knee OA. METHODS: MEDLINE and Embase databases were searched for articles published up to and including...... in the meta-analysis. Based on data with moderate inconsistency IA saline was found to significantly improve short-term knee pain in 32 studies involving 1705 patients (SMD = -0.68; 95% CI: -0.78 to -0.57; P IA injection...

  8. Comparision of Fixed-Bearing and Mobile-Bearing Total Knee Arthroplasties: Short-Term Clinical Results

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Burak Kaymaz

    2015-05-01

    Full Text Available Introduction: Mobile-bearing knee replacements were introduced as an alternative to fixed-bearing prosthesis to decrease the wear. Despite theoretical advantages of mobile bearings prosthesis, it is still controversial whether there is any clinically significant difference between the patients treated with fixed and mobile bearing prosthesis. The aim of this study is to compare the short-term clinical outcomes of fixed  versus mobile-bearing prosthesises.Methodology: Patients who were diagnosed as grade 4 gonartrosis and operated for total knee arthroplasty between years 2010-2014 were evaluated and 33 patients (40 knees were included in the study. From hospital medical and radiological databases, age and gender of the patients, duration of operation, number of blood tranfusions postoperatively and pre-operative range of motions (ROM of the operated knees were recorded and all the patients were assessed with  Knee Society Knee Score. Results:  Twenty-two knees (12 female, 10 male were present in fixed bearing group (Group I and 18 knees (13 female, 5 male were present in mobile bearing group (Group II. There was no statistically significant difference between the groups in terms of pre-operative range of motions (ROM, post-operative range of motions (ROM, number of blood transfusions. Knee Society Knee Score was 167.7±23.4 in Group I and 178.1±22.4 in Group II. Mobile bearing prosthesis group was found to have better knee score and this difference was near to statistically significance (p=0.055.Conclusions: Clinical outcomes of mobile bearing prosthesis seems to be better in short-term follow-up but long-term results should also be investigated before recommending the mobile bearing prosthesises.

  9. Observation on Clinical Effects of Acupotomy plus Cupping for Knee Osteoarthritis

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Gu Jun-qing; Guo Yan-ming; Liang Yong-ying

    2014-01-01

    Objective: To observe the clinical effect of acupotomy plus cupping for knee osteoarthritis (KOA). Methods: Sixty cases with KOA were randomly divided into a treatment group and a control group, 30 cases in each group. The patients in the treatment group were given acupotomy and cupping, while the patients in the control group were given injection of Sodium Hyaluronate. The index of severity for osteoarthritis (ISOA), the change of the effusion of knee joint and clinical effects were observed after treatment. Results: The total effective rate was respectively 96.7% in the treatment group and 66.7% in the control group. The difference in the clinical effects between the two groups was statistically significant (P Conclusion: Acupotomy plus cupping is better than injection of Sodium Hyaluronate in treatment of KOA.

  10. Clinical examination, MRI and arthroscopy in meniscal and ligamentous knee Injuries – a prospective study

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Bastawrous SS

    2008-05-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Data from 565 knee arthroscopies performed by two experienced knee surgeons between 2002 and 2005 for degenerative joint disorders, ligament injuries, loose body removals, lateral release of the patellar retinaculum, plica division, and adhesiolysis was prospectively collected. A subset of 109 patients from the above group who sequentially had clinical examination, MRI and arthroscopy for suspected meniscal and ligament injuries were considered for the present study and the data was reviewed. Patients with previous menisectomies, knee ligament repairs or reconstructions and knee arthroscopies were excluded from the study. Patients were categorised into three groups on objective clinical assessment: Those who were positive for either meniscal or cruciate ligament injury [group 1]; both meniscal and cruciate ligament injury [group 2] and those with highly suggestive symptoms and with negative clinical signs [group 3]. MRI was requested for confirmation of diagnosis and for additional information in all these patients. Two experienced radiologists reported MRI films. Clinical and MRI findings were compared with Arthroscopy as the gold standard. A thorough clinical examination performed by a skilled examiner more accurately correlated at Arthroscopy. MRI added no information in group 1 patients, valuable information in group 2 and was equivocal in group 3 patients. A negative MRI did not prevent an arthroscopy. In this study, specificity, positive and negative predictive values were more favourable for clinical examination though MRI was more sensitive for meniscal injuries. The use of MRI as a supplemental tool in the management of meniscal and ligament injuries should be highly individualised by an experienced surgeon.

  11. Eliminating patellofemoral complications in total knee arthroplasty: clinical and radiographic results of 121 consecutive cases using the Duracon system.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mont, M A; Yoon, T R; Krackow, K A; Hungerford, D S

    1999-06-01

    This study reports the minimum 5-year follow-up of our experience with the Duracon Total Knee Arthroplasty System. A total of 121 consecutive total knee replacements using the Duracon system (Howmedica, Rutherford, NJ) were performed in 104 patients. Three patients died before the 5-year follow-up and were excluded from the final evaluation. The remaining 118 knees (101 patients) were assessed at a mean follow-up of 65 months (range, 60-80 months). The knee diagnoses were osteoarthritis in 97 patients, rheumatoid arthritis in 2 patients, osteonecrosis in 1 patient, and pigmented villonodular synovitis in 1 patient. The mean age was 70 years (range, 28-85 years). There were no reoperations for aseptic loosening, and there have been no reoperations for patellofemoral problems. At final follow-up evaluation, 112 knees (96%) had good or excellent results, and 6 knees (4%) had poor clinical results or went on to revision. For the surviving knees, the preoperative Knee Society objective score improved from a mean of 52 points (range, 20-72 points) to a final follow-up mean of 94 points (range, 66-100 points). Five knees needed reoperations: 2 knees in 1 patient because of acute hematogenous infection at 12 months, 1 knee because of a supracondylar femur fracture, 1 because of a patellar tendon rupture, and 1 to increase polyethylene thickness because of instability. The lack of aseptic loosening at the minimum 5-year follow-up compares favorably with any cemented or cementless series of knee replacement. The almost complete absence of patellofemoral complications in this series also indicates that the design changes, with particular attention to the trochlea design and patellofemoral contact throughout full flexion, have achieved their intended purpose. The results are encouraging at midterm, awaiting true long-term (15-20 years) follow-up.

  12. Objective clinical performance outcome of total knee prostheses. A study of mobile bearing knees using fluoroscopy, electromyography and roentgenstereophotogrammetry

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Garling, Eric Harald

    2008-01-01

    The aim of the thesis was to to assess with accurate and objective methods the function and fixation of total knee prostheses with special emphasis on mobile bearing total knee designs. The mobile bearing of a rotating platform design showed limited motion or no motion during a step-up task thereby

  13. Clinical gait evaluation of patients with knee osteoarthritis.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sun, Jun; Liu, Yancheng; Yan, Songhua; Cao, Guanglei; Wang, Shasha; Lester, D Kevin; Zhang, Kuan

    2017-08-16

    Knee osteoarthritis (KOA) is the most common osteoarthritis in lower limbs, and gait measurement is important to evaluate walking function of KOA patients before and after treatment. The third generation Intelligent Device for Energy Expenditure and Activity (IDEEA3) is a portable gait analysis system to evaluate gaits. This study is to evaluate the accuracy and reliability of IDEEA3 for gait measurement of KOA patients. Meanwhile, gait differences between KOA patients and healthy subjects are examined. Twelve healthy volunteers were recruited for measurement comparison of gait cycle (GC), cadence, step length, velocity and step counts between a motion analysis system and a high-speed camera (GoPro Hero3). Twenty-three KOA patients were recruited for measurement comparison of former five parameters between GoPro Hero3 and IDEEA3. Paired t-test, Concordance Correlation Coefficient (CCC) and Intraclass Correlation Coefficient (ICC) were used for data analysis. All p-values of paired t-tests for GC, cadence, step length and velocity were greater than 0.05 while all CCC and ICC results were above 0.95. The measurements of GC, cadence, step length, velocity and step counts by motion analysis system are highly consistent with the measurements by GoPro Hero3. The measurements of former parameters by GoPro Hero3 are not statistically different from the measurements by IDEEA3. IDEEA3 can be effectively used for the measurement of GC, cadence, step length, velocity and step counts in KOA patients. The KOA patients walk with longer GC, lower cadence, shorter step length and slower speed compared with healthy subjects in natural speed with flat shoes. Copyright © 2017 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.

  14. MRI-guided percutaneous retrograde drilling of osteochondritis dissecans of the knee

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Ojala, Risto; Kerimaa, Pekka; Tervonen, Osmo; Blanco-Sequeiros, Roberto [Oulu University Hospital, Department of Radiology, Oulu (Finland); Lakovaara, Martti [Oulu Deaconess Institute, Department of Surgery, Oulu (Finland); Hyvoenen, Pekka; Lehenkari, Petri [Oulu University Hospital, Department of Surgery, Oulu (Finland)

    2011-06-15

    The purpose of this study was to evaluate the feasibility of a new method for osteochondritis dissecans (OCD) treatment. Ten OCD lesions of the knee unresponsive to conservative management were treated with MRI-guided percutaneous retrograde drilling to reduce symptoms and promote ossification of the lesion. All lesions were located in distal femoral condyles. Only stable OCD lesions were included (preprocedural MRI grade I or II). Five lesions were of juvenile type and five lesions were of adult type OCD. All the patients had severe limitation of activity due to the OCD-related pain. By using a 0.23 T open MRI scanner and spinal anesthesia, percutaneous retrograde drilling of the OCD lesions was performed (3 mm cylindrical drill, one to three channels). Optical tracking and MRI imaging were used to guide instruments during the procedure. Mean postprocedural clinical follow-up time was 3 years. Eight patients had a post-procedural follow-up MRI within 1 year. All the OCD lesions were located and drilled using the 0.23 T open MRI scanner without procedural complications. All the patients had pain relief, mean visual analog score (VAS) declined from 6 to 2. Follow-up MRI showed ossification in all lesions. Eight patients could return to normal physical activity with no or minor effect on function (Hughston score 3-4). Treatment failed in two cases where the continuation of symptoms led to arthroscopy and transchondral fixation. MR-guided retrograde OCD lesion drilling is an accurate, feasible, and effective cartilage-sparing techique in OCD management. (orig.)

  15. Clinical effects of applying a tourniquet in total knee arthroplasty on blood loss

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    ZHANG Fu-jiang; XIAO Yu; LIU Ya-bin; TIAN Xu; GAO Zhi-guo

    2010-01-01

    Background Tourniquets used during total knee arthroplasty may lead to many complications. The aim of this study was to determine perioperative blood loss and its clinical relevance in total knee replacement surgery after applying a tourniquet.Methods From June 2009 to October 2009, 60 consecutive patients who underwent routine total knee arthroplasty were randomly divided into two groups and were treated with or without a tourniquet (30 patients/group). There were no significant differences in patient baseline characteristics between the two groups. We compared the two groups of patients in terms of intra- and postoperative bleeding, invisible or visible bleeding, and total blood loss.Results None of the patients showed poor wound healing, lower extremity deep venous thrombosis or other complications. The amount of blood loss during surgery was lower in the tourniquet group than in the control group (P<0.01). However, postoperative visible bleeding (P <0.05) and occult bleeding (P <0.05) were significantly greater in the toumiquet group than in the control group. There was no significant difference in the total amount of blood loss between the two groups (P >0.05).Conclusions Tourniquet can reduce bleeding during total knee replacement surgery, but is associated with greater visible and invisible blood loss.

  16. Clinical value of SPECT/CT for evaluation of patients with painful knees after total knee arthroplasty- a new dimension of diagnostics?

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Rasch Helmut

    2011-02-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background The purpose of our study was to evaluate the clinical value of hybrid SPECT/CT for the assessment of patients with painful total knee arthroplasty (TKA. Methods Twenty-three painful knees in patients following primary TKA were assessed using Tc-99m-HDP-SPECT/CT. Rotational, sagittal and coronal position of the TKA was assessed on 3D-CT reconstructions. The level of the SPECT-tracer uptake (0-10 and its anatomical distribution was mapped using a validated localization scheme. Univariate analysis (Wilcoxon-Mann-Whitney, Spearmean`s-rho test, p Results SPECT/CT imaging changed the suspected diagnosis and the proposed treatment in 19/23 (83% knees. Progression of patellofemoral OA (n = 11, loosening of the tibial (n = 3 and loosening of the femoral component (n = 2 were identified as the leading causes of pain after TKA. Patients with externally rotated tibial trays showed higher tracer uptake in the medial patellar facet (p = 0.049 and in the femur (p = 0.051. Patients with knee pain due to patellofemoral OA showed significantly higher tracer uptake in the patella than others (p Conclusions SPECT/CT was very helpful in establishing the diagnosis and guiding subsequent management in patients with painful knees after TKA, particularly in patients with patellofemoral problems and malpositioned or loose TKA.

  17. The introduction period of unicompartmental knee arthroplasty is critical: a clinical, clinical multicentered, and radiostereometric study of 251 Duracon unicompartmental knee arthroplasties.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lindstrand, A; Stenström, A; Ryd, L; Toksvig-Larsen, S

    2000-08-01

    One hundred twenty-eight consecutive knees were operated on with the Duracon unicompartmental knee arthroplasty. Of 111 knees, followed 3 years (range, 1-6 years), 109 knees were satisfactory. Two knees were revised because of progression of osteoarthritis and inexplicable pain. Radiostereometric analysis in 49 knees showed a migration of 0.6 mm after 2 years. The magnitude of migration was lower in comparison with published series. In a multicenter study comprising 4 other hospitals, there were 8 revisions in 123 operated knees. The reasons were loosening, subsidence, or fracture. These revisions were within 1 year and mostly related to operative technique. Unicompartmental knee arthroplasty is a demanding procedure that needs special experience and includes a risk of early failures during the introduction of a system.

  18. Longitudinal ultrasound and clinical follow-up of Baker's cysts injection with steroids in knee osteoarthritis.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bandinelli, Francesca; Fedi, Roberto; Generini, Sergio; Porta, Francesco; Candelieri, Antonio; Mannoni, Alessandro; Innocenti, Massimo; Matucci Cerinic, Marco

    2012-04-01

    This study was conducted to assess ultrasound (US) and clinical changes of Baker's cyst (BC) of patients with knee osteoarthritis (OA) after steroid injection. Patients with knee OA complicated with symptomatic BC (40) were treated with US-guided direct (posterior) aspiration. The injection of 40 mg triamcynolone acetonide was in 20 patients direct into the BC and in other 20 subjects intra-articular (anterior). BC diameters (longitudinal, transverse, and thickness) were measured and followed up with US at baseline, 2, 4, and 8 weeks after injection. Swelling, pain, and range motion were scored at clinical examination with Rauschning and Lindgren classification (RLC, since 0 normal to 3 maximal signs). All US measures of BC and RLC significantly decreased after treatment, in comparison to baseline (p < 0.001) and during the follow-up, did not change through the time (no significant difference between 2, 4, and 8 weeks). At 4 and 8 weeks, diameters measured at US are lower when BC is directly infiltrated in comparison to intra-articular injection (p < 0.01). US steroid direct injection reduces US measures and clinics of BC in knee OA, in particular, when steroid is directly infiltrated into BC.

  19. Below knee angioplasty in elderly patients: Predictors of major adverse clinical outcomes

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Keeling, Aoife N.; Khalidi, Karim; Leong, Sum [Department of Academic Radiology, Beaumont Hospital, Beaumont Road, Dublin 9 (Ireland); Wang, Tim T. [Department of Biosurgery and Surgical Technology, Imperial College London, St. Mary' s Hospital, London W2 1NY (United Kingdom); Ayyoub, Alaa S.; McGrath, Frank P. [Department of Academic Radiology, Beaumont Hospital, Beaumont Road, Dublin 9 (Ireland); Athanasiou, Thanos [Department of Biosurgery and Surgical Technology, Imperial College London, St. Mary' s Hospital, London W2 1NY (United Kingdom); Lee, Michael J., E-mail: mlee@rcsi.ie [Department of Academic Radiology, Beaumont Hospital, Beaumont Road, Dublin 9 (Ireland)

    2011-03-15

    Aim: To determine predictors of clinical outcome following percutaneous transluminal angioplasty (PTA) in elderly patients with below knee atherosclerotic lesions causing intermittent claudication (IC) or critical limb ischaemia (CLI). Materials and methods: Over 7.5 years, 76 patients (CLI 72%, n = 55) underwent below knee PTA. The composite end-point of interest was major adverse clinical outcome (MACO) of the treated limb at follow-up which was defined as clinical failure, need for subsequent endovascular or surgical revascularization or amputation. Actuarial freedom from MACO was assessed using Kaplan-Meier curves and multivariable Cox proportional hazards regression. Results: IC was improved in 95% at mean 3.4 years (range 0.5-108 months). Successful limb salvage and ulcer healing were seen in 73% with CLI. Most failures were in the CLI group (27% CLI vs. 5% IC), with an amputation rate of 16% for CLI vs. 5% for IC and persistent ulceration in 24% of CLI. Significant independent predictors of MACO were ulceration (hazard ratio 4.02, 95% CI = 1.55-10.38) and family history of atherosclerosis (hazard ratio 2.53, 95% CI = 1.1-5.92). Conclusion: Primary below knee PTA is a feasible therapeutic option in this elderly population. Limb ulceration and family history of atherosclerosis may be independent predictors of adverse outcome.

  20. Below knee angioplasty in elderly patients: predictors of major adverse clinical outcomes.

    LENUS (Irish Health Repository)

    Keeling, Aoife N

    2012-02-01

    AIM: To determine predictors of clinical outcome following percutaneous transluminal angioplasty (PTA) in elderly patients with below knee atherosclerotic lesions causing intermittent claudication (IC) or critical limb ischaemia (CLI). MATERIALS AND METHODS: Over 7.5 years, 76 patients (CLI 72%, n = 55) underwent below knee PTA. The composite end-point of interest was major adverse clinical outcome (MACO) of the treated limb at follow-up which was defined as clinical failure, need for subsequent endovascular or surgical revascularization or amputation. Actuarial freedom from MACO was assessed using Kaplan-Meier curves and multivariable Cox proportional hazards regression. RESULTS: IC was improved in 95% at mean 3.4 years (range 0.5-108 months). Successful limb salvage and ulcer healing were seen in 73% with CLI. Most failures were in the CLI group (27% CLI vs. 5% IC), with an amputation rate of 16% for CLI vs. 5% for IC and persistent ulceration in 24% of CLI. Significant independent predictors of MACO were ulceration (hazard ratio 4.02, 95% CI = 1.55-10.38) and family history of atherosclerosis (hazard ratio 2.53, 95% CI = 1.1-5.92). CONCLUSION: Primary below knee PTA is a feasible therapeutic option in this elderly population. Limb ulceration and family history of atherosclerosis may be independent predictors of adverse outcome.

  1. Effects of kinesiotherapy, ultrasound and electrotherapy in management of bilateral knee osteoarthritis: prospective clinical trial

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mascarin Naryana

    2012-09-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background Although recent advances in knee osteoarthritis (OA treatment and evaluation were achieved, to the best of our knowledge, few studies have evaluated the longitudinal effect of therapeutic modalities on the functional exercise capacity of patients with knee OA. The purpose was to investigate the effects of kinesiotherapy and electrotherapy on functional exercise capacity, evaluated using the six-minute walk test (6-MWT in patients with bilateral knee OA. Secondary measurements included range of motion (ROM, severity of knee pain (VAS, and a measure of perceived health and physical function, evaluated using the Western Ontario and McMaster Universities (WOMAC Osteoarthritis Index. Methods A total of 40 women with bilateral knee OA were assigned to three groups: kinesiotherapy (KIN, n = 16, transcutaneous electrical nerve stimulation (TENS, n = 12, or ultrasound (US, n = 10. The groups underwent 12 weeks of intervention twice per week. The participants were subjected to the 6-MWT, ROM, VAS and WOMAC index. These tests were performed before and after the intervention. The study was focused on outpatients and was carried out at Universidade Estadual de Campinas, Brazil. Results At follow-up, the KIN and US groups had significantly higher 6-MWT distances (19.8 ± 21.7 and 14.1 ± 22.5%, respectively compared with their respective pre-intervention values. All treatments were effective for reducing pain and improving the WOMAC index. Conclusions We demonstrated that the 6-MWT is a tool that can be used to evaluate improvements in the functional exercise capacity of patients submitted to a clinical intervention.

  2. Far infrared emitting plaster in knee osteoarthritis: a single blinded, randomised clinical trial

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    N. Marino

    2012-12-01

    Full Text Available Objective. Therapeutic approach of osteoarthritis (OA still represents a challenge in clinical practice. The aim of the study is to assess the efficacy of far infrared (FIR emitting plaster in the treatment of knee OA. Design. This is a randomized, single-blind, placebo-controlled, parallel group with equal randomization (1:1, clinical trial. Patients affected by knee OA were randomly allocated to 1 of 2 treatment groups, either placebo plaster or far infrared emitting plaster. Primary endpoint was to assess pain improvement from baseline to 1 months posttreatment in the visual analogue score (VAS. Secondary end point was to evaluate pain score after 1 week of treatment and to compare ultrasonographic findings after 1 month of treatment. Results. Each group comprised 30 (in the FIR group and 30 (in the placebo group completers. VAS scores of the placebo and the FIR group were significantly lower at 1 week post-treatment (95% confidence interval CI = -1.14 to 0.31; PConclusions. Far infrared emitting plaster could be considered an effective non-pharmacological choice for the therapeutic management of knee OA.

  3. Navigation of total knee arthroplasty: rotation of components and clinical results in a prospectively randomized study

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Efe Turgay

    2011-01-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background Navigation was introduced into total knee arthroplasty (TKA to improve accuracy of component position, function and survival of implants. This study was designed to assess the outcome of navigated TKA in comparison with conventional implantation with the focus on rotational component position and clinical mid-term results. Methods In a prospectively randomized single-blinded approach, 90 patients with primary gonarthrosis were assigned to three different groups. Thirty patients each were assigned to NexGen LPS without and with navigation (groups 1 and 2, and 30 patients to navigation with the Stryker Scorpio PS (group 3. The navigation system used was the imageless Stryker KneeTrac, version 1.0. Clinical outcome was assessed by a blinded observer applying the Knee Society Score (KSS and a visual analogue scale (VAS for pain. CT scans and radiographs were conducted prior to and 12 weeks after index surgery. Results Seventy-nine patients were available for clinical evaluation at 3 ± 0.4 years follow-up. Four implants had to be revised for early loosening or infection (4.4%. Four patients had died and three patients were not able to follow the invitation for clinical assessment. Functional results in the KSS were significantly lower after navigated TKA. Operation time and incisions with navigation were significantly longer. Significantly less radiological outliers with navigation were found for coronal alignment of the femur, only. Conclusion In this series, no beneficial effect for navigation in TKA could be shown assessing clinical data, as functional results in the presented series seemed to be lower after first generation navigated TKA. The clinical mid- to long-term value of navigation remains to be evaluated in larger patient series or meta-analyses at longer follow-up. Trial registration number DRKS 00000430

  4. Clinical outcomes in high flexion total knee arthroplasty were not superior to standard posterior stabilized total knee arthroplasty. A multicenter, prospective, randomized study.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Guild, George N; Labib, Sameh A

    2014-03-01

    High flexion prostheses have been introduced to achieve high flexion and improve clinical outcomes. Controversy exists in the literature regarding outcomes of high flexion vs. standard implants. This multicenter study compares outcomes in patients receiving a high flexion prosthesis vs. standard prosthesis. 278 high flexion and standard knee prostheses were used. Patients were followed for two years and evaluated prospectively. The mean HSS was 87.3 for the standard group and 88.9 for the flexion group. At two-year follow up the standard prosthesis group had mean flexion of 121° and the high flexion group had mean flexion 120°. No knee had aseptic loosening, infection, or osteolysis. At two-year follow up, there were no significant differences in range of motion, clinical outcome, or radiographic evaluation. Pre-operative motion and functional status have greater impact on clinical outcome than implant alone.

  5. DIAGNOSTIC ACCURACY OF CLINICAL AND MAGNETIC RESONANCE IN KNEE MENISCI AND LIGAMENTOUS INJURIES

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Nilesh

    2016-03-01

    Full Text Available OBJECTIVE The purpose of this study was to evaluate the reliability of clinical diagnosis compared to MRI findings in ligamentous and meniscal injuries with respect to arthroscopic confirmation as a gold standard. METHODS 485 patients with knee injuries were prospectively assessed by clinical evaluation and magnetic resonance imaging and correlated after therapeutic arthroscopy. The overall accuracy, clinically productive values of sensitivity and specificity was derived. The actual value of the test with respect to positive predictive and negative predictive value was also derived, taking arthroscopic findings as confirmatory. The overall partial and total agreement among the clinical, MRI and arthroscopy was documented. RESULTS The overall accuracy for clinical examination was 85, 92, 100 and 100 and accuracy for MRI was 90, 97, 97 and 97 for detecting medial meniscus, lateral meniscus, ACL and PCL tears respectively. Clinically lateral meniscus tears are difficult to diagnose clinically with negative predictive value (90 whereas ACL injuries do not need MRI for diagnosis as evident by a high negative predictive value (100 of clinical examination. Total agreement with the clinical findings confirmed by arthroscopy was 64.40% which was relatively high as compared to total agreement of MRI findings which was only 31.50%. We found similar total agreement versus total disagreement of both clinical and MRI to be only 2.74% indicating very high accuracy in clinical diagnosis of meniscal and ligamentous injuries combined. CONCLUSION The clinical evaluation alone is sufficient to diagnose meniscal and ACL/PCL pathologies and MRI should be considered only as a powerful negative diagnostic tool. The arthroscopy decision should not be heavily dependent on MRI for ligamentous injuries but reverse is true for meniscal lesions. MR evaluation functions as a powerful negative diagnostic tool to rule out doubtful and complex knee injuries.

  6. Relationship between radiological grading and clinical status in knee osteoarthritis. a multicentric study

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Hernández-Vaquero Daniel

    2012-10-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background Controversy exists regarding the relationship between radiographic findings and clinical status in knee osteoarthritis. Although the surgical indication for total knee arthroplasty (TKA should be based on pain, clinical status, and the deterioration of quality of life, the radiographic study is the most commonly used criterion for preoperative evaluation. The objective of this study is to find out the relationship between the Ahlbäck classification and clinical status in patients undergoing TKA. Methods 1329 protocols were collected from preoperative studies in four multicentric working groups (the Interax, Duracon, Scorpio, and Triathlon Spanish groups in 30 Spanish hospitals. Mean age was 70.4 years (SD: 6.8; range: 35 to 98; 76.3% of patients were women. Patients entered the study whenever the surgeon found that medical treatment was insufficient to control pain and functional limitation. Data were collected using electronic Case Report Forms, and included Ahlbäck grading scores, Hospital for Special Surgery Knee Score (HSS, SF-12, and other clinical and epidemiologic variables. Results According to the Ahlbäck grading system, patients were divided as follows: 243 grade I (18.3%, 358 grade II (26.9%, 416 grade III (31.3%, 241 grade IV (18.1%, and 71 grade V (5.3%. As for HSS, the following scores were obtained: Conclusions We found a relationship between Ahlbäck grading and the preoperative clinical score. The range of variability of the HSS score between the different Ahlbäck grades is small.

  7. Hybrid total knee arthroplasty: a retrospective analysis of clinical and radiographic outcomes at average 10 years follow-up.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Illgen, Richard; Tueting, Jonathan; Enright, Timothy; Schreibman, Ken; McBeath, Andrew; Heiner, John

    2004-10-01

    Cemented total knee arthroplasty has demonstrated high success rates at 10-12 years. Although many cementless designs have demonstrated inferior outcomes, hybrid fixation has not been studied in detail. We retrospectively reviewed 112 hybrid total knee arthroplasties (PCA-67 and Duracon-45) after clinical and radiographic review using the SF-12 and Knee Society Scores at an average 10-year follow-up. The revision rate was 4.5%: 4 occurred in patients with metal-backed patellae and 1 in a patient with infection. No revisions were performed for aseptic loosening of the femoral component. Hybrid total knee arthroplasty with these designs provided excellent clinical and radiographic performance at 10 years comparable to cemented series. Aseptic loosening and radiographic failure rates were 0% if patients with metal-backed patellae were excluded. The durability of hybrid fixation beyond 10 years deserves further study.

  8. Knee dislocations: a magnetic resonance imaging study correlated with clinical and operative findings

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Bui, Kimmie L. [Cleveland Clinic, Department of Radiology, Cleveland, OH (United States); Cleveland Clinic, Department of Radiology, HB6, Cleveland, OH (United States); Ilaslan, Hakan; Sundaram, Murali [Cleveland Clinic, Department of Radiology, Cleveland, OH (United States); Parker, Richard D. [Cleveland Clinic, Department of Orthopaedics, Cleveland, OH (United States)

    2008-07-15

    Our objectives were to determine retrospectively the prevalence, patients' demographics, mechanism of injury, combination of torn ligaments, associated intra-articular and extra-articular injuries, fractures, bone bruises, femoral-tibial alignment and neurovascular complications of knee dislocations as evaluated by magnetic resonance (MR) imaging. From 17,698 consecutive knee examinations by magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) over a 6-year period, 20 patients with knee dislocations were identified. The medical records of these patients were subsequently reviewed for relevant clinical history, management and operative findings. The prevalence of knee dislocations was 0.11% [95% confidence interval (95% CI) 0.06-0.16]. There were 16 male patients and four female patients, with ages ranging from 15 years to 76 years (mean 31 years). Fifteen patients had low-velocity injuries (75%), of which 11 were amateur sports related and four were from falls. Four patients (20%) had suffered high-velocity trauma (motor vehicle accidents). One patient had no history available. Anatomic alignment was present at imaging in 16 patients (80%). Eighteen patients had three-ligament tears, two had four-ligament tears. The four-ligament tears occurred with low-velocity injuries. The anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) and posterior cruciate ligament (PCL) were torn in every patient; the lateral collateral ligament (LCL) was torn in 50%, and the medial collateral ligament (MCL) in 60%. Intra-articular injuries included meniscal tears (five in four patients), fractures (eight in seven patients), bone bruises (15 patients), and patellar retinaculum tears (eight partial, two complete). The most common extra-articular injury was a complete biceps femoris tendon tear (five, 25%). There were two popliteal tendon tears and one iliotibial band tear. One patient had received a vascular injury following a motor vehicle accident (MVA) and had been treated prior to undergoing MRI. Bone bruises

  9. VALIDITY OF TWO CLINICAL KNEE STRENGTH ASSESSMENTS COMPARED TO THE REFERENCE STANDARD

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Philipp Weng

    2015-12-01

    Full Text Available Objectives: Patello femoral Pain (PFP is the most common lower limb condition encountered in clinical practice. It recently emerged as the third highest ranked topic out of 185 in the Chartered Society of Physiotherapy Musculoskeletal Research Priority Project. For a valid assessment of knee strength during rehabilitation, the isometric test using the isokinetic dynamometer (Cybex and the hand-held dynamometer (HHD is not well received with clinical practice. An alternative way is through functional hop tests which clinicians have used to assess their patients' lower extremity muscular strength. This study investigates the validity of knee strength assessments conducted with the HHD and the hoptest compared to the isokinetic dynamometer and also explores differences between genders of the three assessments. Design: Each assessment included one submaximal and three recorded maximal efforts of the dominant leg. Quadriceps muscle strength was displayed in normalized torques. Correlation coefficients and box-and-whisker plots was used to analyze the data. Setting: Movement analysis laboratory Participants: Sixteen males (age 23.5 ± 4.23 years, height 1.79 ± 0.08 m and body mass 76.21 ± 10.58 kg, BMI 23.82 ± 2.38 kg/m² and 16 females (age 25.38 ± 5.49 years, height 1.67 ± 0.08 m and body mass 71.99 ± 16.05 kg, BMI 25.83 ± 4.74 kg/m² between 18 and 40 years old without any musculoskeletal injuries participated. Main outcome measures: Knee moments normalized for bodyweight (Nm/kg for dynamometers and distance jumped for single legged hoptest. Results: The strongest significant correlation was found for the comparison between the HHD and Cybex (r=0.71, r²=0.504, p=0.001. Correlation between the HHD and hoptest (r=0.4, r²=0.19, p=0.013, and Cybex and hoptest (r=0.53, r²=0.295, p=0.001 were poor. Comparing genders, the normalized knee extension moment on the Cybex was 28.8% lower and with the HHD 22.3% lower for females. Conclusions: Single

  10. Knee chondral lesions treated with autologous chondrocyte transplantation in a tridimensional matrix: clinical evaluation at 1-year follow-up

    OpenAIRE

    Vilchez, Félix; Lara, Jorge; Álvarez-Lozano, Eduardo; Cuervo, Carlos E.; Mendoza, Oscar F.; Acosta-Olivo, Carlos A.

    2009-01-01

    Background Despite the many studies on chondral injury repair, no outcomes have been evaluated with the Western Ontario and McMaster (WOMAC) Universities osteoarthritis index, the Knee Injury and Osteoarthritis Outcome Score (KOOS), and the Oxford Knee Score, all of which are specific for evaluating the presence of osteoarthritis. Materials and methods We evaluated the clinical progress of patients following autologous chondrocyte implantation (ACI) performed by our Bone and Tissue Bank using...

  11. Clinical assessment of the low-cost VariCom isokinetic knee exerciser.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Greenblatt, D; Diesel, W; Noakes, T D

    1997-04-01

    A low-cost isokinetic knee exerciser, known as the VariCom and developed with the emphasis on fulfilling the rehabilitation needs of developing countries, was subjected to a clinical evaluation. The evaluation was motivated by successful laboratory assessment of the exerciser as well as encouraging qualitative data acquired recently from a developing world hospital. The principal aim of this study was to demonstrate that the exerciser, employing a simple shock-absorber and lever mechanism, was capable of fulfilling the major criteria required from isokinetic equipment. Amongst the most important of these were attainment of a 'spectrum of velocities', patient safety, reliability, ease-of-use, patient comfort and estimation of the torque generated by the patient's knee-joint. It was ultimately demonstrated that the combination of design simplicity, durability and functionality renders the VariCom knee-exerciser technologically appropriate for use in developing countries. More generally, the success of the exerciser, combined with its low manufacturing cost, renders it a viable alternative to traditional up-market equipment.

  12. A review of the clinical evidence for exercise in osteoarthritis of the hip and knee.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bennell, Kim L; Hinman, Rana S

    2011-01-01

    Osteoarthritis (OA) is a chronic joint disease with the hip and knee being commonly affected lower limb sites. Osteoarthritis causes pain, stiffness, swelling, joint instability and muscle weakness, all of which can lead to impaired physical function and reduced quality of life. This review of evidence provides recommendations for exercise prescription in those with hip or knee OA. A narrative review was performed. Conservative non-pharmacological strategies, particularly exercise, are recommended by all clinical guidelines for the management of OA and meta-analyses support these exercise recommendations. Aerobic, strengthening, aquatic and Tai chi exercise are beneficial for improving pain and function in people with OA with benefits seen across the range of disease severities. The optimal exercise dosage is yet to be determined and an individualized approach to exercise prescription is required based on an assessment of impairments, patient preference, co-morbidities and accessibility. Maximising adherence is a key element dictating success of exercise therapy. This can be enhanced by the use of supervised exercise sessions (possibly in class format) in the initial exercise period followed by home exercises. Bringing patients back for intermittent consultations with the exercise practitioner, or attendance at "refresher" group exercise classes may also assist long-term adherence and improved patient outcomes. Few studies have evaluated the effects of exercise on structural disease progression and there is currently no evidence to show that exercise can be disease modifying. Exercise plays an important role in managing symptoms in those with hip and knee OA.

  13. Patient-specific instrumentation does not improve radiographic alignment or clinical outcomes after total knee arthroplasty.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Huijbregts, Henricus J T A M; Khan, Riaz J K; Sorensen, Emma; Fick, Daniel P; Haebich, Samantha

    2016-08-01

    Background and purpose - Patient-specific instrumentation (PSI) for total knee arthroplasty (TKA) has been introduced to improve alignment and reduce outliers, increase efficiency, and reduce operation time. In order to improve our understanding of the outcomes of patient-specific instrumentation, we conducted a meta-analysis. Patients and methods - We identified randomized and quasi-randomized controlled trials (RCTs) comparing patient-specific and conventional instrumentation in TKA. Weighted mean differences and risk ratios were determined for radiographic accuracy, operation time, hospital stay, blood loss, number of surgical trays required, and patient-reported outcome measures. Results - 21 RCTs involving 1,587 TKAs were included. Patient-specific instrumentation resulted in slightly more accurate hip-knee-ankle axis (0.3°), coronal femoral alignment (0.3°, femoral flexion (0.9°), tibial slope (0.7°), and femoral component rotation (0.5°). The risk ratio of a coronal plane outlier (> 3° deviation of chosen target) for the tibial component was statistically significantly increased in the PSI group (RR =1.64). No significance was found for other radiographic measures. Operation time, blood loss, and transfusion rate were similar. Hospital stay was significantly shortened, by approximately 8 h, and the number of surgical trays used decreased by 4 in the PSI group. Knee Society scores and Oxford knee scores were similar. Interpretation - Patient-specific instrumentation does not result in clinically meaningful improvement in alignment, fewer outliers, or better early patient-reported outcome measures. Efficiency is improved by reducing the number of trays used, but PSI does not reduce operation time.

  14. Role of magnetic resonance imaging in the clinical management of the acutely locked knee

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    McNally, Eugene G.; Nasser, Khalid N.; Dawson, Stewart; Goh, Leslie A. [Department of Musculoskeletal Radiology, Nuffield Orthopaedic Centre and Oxford Radcliffe Hospital, Oxford, OX3 7LD (United Kingdom)

    2002-10-01

    To explore prospectively the hypothesis that MRI of the acutely locked knee can alter surgical decision-making.Design and patients. The study group comprised patients with a clinical diagnosis of knee locking requiring arthroscopy. The decision to carry out arthroscopy was made by an experienced consultant orthopaedic surgeon specialising in trauma and recorded in the patient's notes prior to MRI. Preoperative MRI was carried out using a 1.5 T system. The management was altered from surgical to conservative treatment in 20 (48%) patients on the basis of the MR findings. Arthroscopy was limited to patients with an MR diagnosis of a mechanical block, usually a displaced meniscal tear or loose body. Both patient groups were followed clinically until symptoms resolved.Results. Forty-two patients were entered into the study. MRI identified a mechanical cause for locking in 22 patients (21 avulsion meniscal tears and 1 loose body). All were confirmed at arthroscopy. Twenty patients were changed from operative to non-operative treatment on the basis of the MRI findings. One patient in this group required a delayed arthroscopy for an impinging anterior cruciate ligament stump. The sensitivity/specificity/accuracy of MRI in identifying patients who require arthroscopy was therefore 96%/100%/98% respectively.Conclusion. MRI can successfully segregate patients with a clinical diagnosis of mechanical locking into those who have a true mechanical block and those who can be treated conservatively. MRI should precede arthroscopy in this clinical setting. (orig.)

  15. Effects of sesame seed supplementation on clinical signs and symptoms in patients with knee osteoarthritis.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Eftekhar Sadat, Bina; Khadem Haghighian, Mahdieh; Alipoor, Beitollah; Malek Mahdavi, Aida; Asghari Jafarabadi, Mohammad; Moghaddam, Abdolvahab

    2013-10-01

    Up to now there have been no human studies to evaluate the effect of sesame (Sesamum indicum L.) in osteoarthritis patients; this study was designed to assess the effect of administration of sesame on clinical signs and symptoms in patients with knee osteoarthritis (OA). Fifty patients with knee OA referred to the only specialty and subspecialty orthopedic centers in the north-west of Iran, were selected and divided into two groups, namely control and sesame groups. Twenty-five patients in the control group received standard treatment while 25 patients in the sesame group received 40 g/day sesame by oral administration during 2 months of the study along with standard drug therapy. The KOOS Questionnaire, Timed Up and Go (TUG) and Visual Analog Scale (VAS) tests were used for clinical assessments. There was significant difference in pain intensity between the two groups (P = 0.004) after treatment. The mean score of the KOOS Questionnaire in both treatment and control groups was significantly increased (P = 0.001 and P = 0.001, respectively) compared with baseline. The mean score of the TUG Questionnaire in both treatment and control groups was significantly decreased (P = 0.001 and P = 0.001, respectively) compared with baseline. There was significant difference in post-treatment scores of the KOOS Questionnaire (P = 0.009) and TUG (P = 0.002) between the two groups. The present study showed a positive effect of sesame in improving clinical signs and symptoms in patients with knee OA and indicated the fact that sesame might be a viable adjunctive therapy in treating OA. © 2013 Asia Pacific League of Associations for Rheumatology and Wiley Publishing Asia Pty Ltd.

  16. Malignant pigmented villonodular synovitis in the knee - report of a case with rapid clinical progression.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Imakiire, Naoaki; Fujino, Takashi; Morii, Takeshi; Honya, Keita; Mochizuki, Kazuo; Satomi, Kazuhiko; Fujioka, Yasunori

    2011-01-07

    Malignant pigmented villonodular synovitis (PVNS) (or malignant giant cell tumor of tendon sheath (GCTTS) is an extremely rare condition defined as a malignant lesion occurring with concomitant or previously documented PVNS at the same site. To date, only less than 20 cases have been reported in English literatures. We report a case of malignant PVNS in the knee in a 56-year-old woman with unpredictable rapid progression. This case raised a caution that when atypical components in specimens of recurrent benign PVNS are detected, even if low-grade or tiny, both pathologists and surgeons should consider the risk of malignant PVNS, which could display aggressive clinical progression.

  17. Clinical Observation of Fire-needle Therapy plus Tuina for Senile Knee Osteoarthritis

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Zhao Jing-jun

    2014-01-01

    Objective: To observe the therapeutic efficacy of fire-needle therapy plus tuina in treating primary knee osteoarthritis (KOA) in the elderly. Methods: Twenty-three patients with KOA were intervened by pricking with fire-needle therapy plus tuina, and evaluated by using the Western Ontario and McMaster Universities osteoarthritis index (WOMAC) before and after intervention. Results: After intervention, the total score, scores of pain, rigidity, and activities of daily living of WOMAC dropped significantly (P Conclusion: Pricking with fire needle plus tuina can produce a significant therapeutic efficacy in treating KOA in the elderly, thus worth application in clinic.

  18. Clinical Evaluation of a Mobile Sensor-Based Gait Analysis Method for Outcome Measurement after Knee Arthroplasty

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Tilman Calliess

    2014-08-01

    Full Text Available Clinical scores and motion-capturing gait analysis are today’s gold standard for outcome measurement after knee arthroplasty, although they are criticized for bias and their ability to reflect patients’ actual quality of life has been questioned. In this context, mobile gait analysis systems have been introduced to overcome some of these limitations. This study used a previously developed mobile gait analysis system comprising three inertial sensor units to evaluate daily activities and sports. The sensors were taped to the lumbosacral junction and the thigh and shank of the affected limb. The annotated raw data was evaluated using our validated proprietary software. Six patients undergoing knee arthroplasty were examined the day before and 12 months after surgery. All patients reported a satisfactory outcome, although four patients still had limitations in their desired activities. In this context, feasible running speed demonstrated a good correlation with reported impairments in sports-related activities. Notably, knee flexion angle while descending stairs and the ability to stop abruptly when running exhibited good correlation with the clinical stability and proprioception of the knee. Moreover, fatigue effects were displayed in some patients. The introduced system appears to be suitable for outcome measurement after knee arthroplasty and has the potential to overcome some of the limitations of stationary gait labs while gathering additional meaningful parameters regarding the force limits of the knee.

  19. Clinical evaluation of a mobile sensor-based gait analysis method for outcome measurement after knee arthroplasty.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Calliess, Tilman; Bocklage, Raphael; Karkosch, Roman; Marschollek, Michael; Windhagen, Henning; Schulze, Mareike

    2014-08-28

    Clinical scores and motion-capturing gait analysis are today's gold standard for outcome measurement after knee arthroplasty, although they are criticized for bias and their ability to reflect patients' actual quality of life has been questioned. In this context, mobile gait analysis systems have been introduced to overcome some of these limitations. This study used a previously developed mobile gait analysis system comprising three inertial sensor units to evaluate daily activities and sports. The sensors were taped to the lumbosacral junction and the thigh and shank of the affected limb. The annotated raw data was evaluated using our validated proprietary software. Six patients undergoing knee arthroplasty were examined the day before and 12 months after surgery. All patients reported a satisfactory outcome, although four patients still had limitations in their desired activities. In this context, feasible running speed demonstrated a good correlation with reported impairments in sports-related activities. Notably, knee flexion angle while descending stairs and the ability to stop abruptly when running exhibited good correlation with the clinical stability and proprioception of the knee. Moreover, fatigue effects were displayed in some patients. The introduced system appears to be suitable for outcome measurement after knee arthroplasty and has the potential to overcome some of the limitations of stationary gait labs while gathering additional meaningful parameters regarding the force limits of the knee.

  20. Combined common peroneal and tibial nerve injury after knee dislocation: one injury or two? An MRI-clinical correlation.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Reddy, Chandan G; Amrami, Kimberly K; Howe, Benjamin M; Spinner, Robert J

    2015-09-01

    OBJECT Knee dislocations are often accompanied by stretch injuries to the common peroneal nerve (CPN). A small subset of these injuries also affect the tibial nerve. The mechanism of this combined pattern could be a single longitudinal stretch injury of the CPN extending to the sciatic bifurcation (and tibial division) or separate injuries of both the CPN and tibial nerve, either at the level of the tibiofemoral joint or distally at the soleal sling and fibular neck. The authors reviewed cases involving patients with knee dislocations with CPN and tibial nerve injuries to determine the localization of the combined injury and correlation between degree of MRI appearance and clinical severity of nerve injury. METHODS Three groups of cases were reviewed. Group 1 consisted of knee dislocations with clinical evidence of nerve injury (n = 28, including 19 cases of complete CPN injury); Group 2 consisted of knee dislocations without clinical evidence of nerve injury (n = 19); and Group 3 consisted of cases of minor knee trauma but without knee dislocation (n = 14). All patients had an MRI study of the knee performed within 3 months of injury. MRI appearance of tibial and common peroneal nerve injury was scored by 2 independent radiologists in 3 zones (Zone I, sciatic bifurcation; Zone II, knee joint; and Zone III, soleal sling and fibular neck) on a severity scale of 1-4. Injury signal was scored as diffuse or focal for each nerve in each of the 3 zones. A clinical score was also calculated based on Medical Research Council scores for strength in the tibial and peroneal nerve distributions, combined with electrophysiological data, when available, and correlated with the MRI injury score. RESULTS Nearly all of the nerve segments visualized in Groups 1 and 2 demonstrated some degree of injury on MRI (95%), compared with 12% of nerve segments in Group 3. MRI nerve injury scores were significantly more severe in Group 1 relative to Group 2 (2.06 vs 1.24, p knee dislocations

  1. Total knee arthroplasty: indication of blood transfusion according to hematimetric variation and clinical symptoms of hypoperfusion,

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Rodrigo Tavares Cardozo

    2014-10-01

    Full Text Available Objective:To analyze the relationship between hematimetric variation and the presence of clinical symptoms of hypoperfusion for indicating blood transfusion in patients undergoing total knee arthroplasty.Methods:A retrospective analysis was conducted on data gathered from the medical files of 55 patients with a diagnosis of gonarthrosis, who underwent total knee arthroplasty at a hospital orthopedics and traumatology service between February 2011 and December 2012. The patients studied presented unilateral joint degeneration and fitted into the indications for surgical treatment. All the patients underwent a preoperative cardiological evaluation, presenting a pattern of ASA I–III and absence of blood dyscrasia, and preoperative hemoglobin measurements were made. However, no minimum hematimetric value was established for the surgical treatment; there were only clinical criteria for blood perfusion.Results:Among the 55 patients, 35 were female and 20 were male, and the mean age was 68 years. Six patients underwent homologous blood transfusion, because of their clinical condition of tissue hypoperfusion, persistent hypotension, loss of consciousness, sweating and coercible vomiting. They presented postoperative hemoglobin of 7.5–8.8 g/dL.Conclusion:For patients with falls in hemoglobin counts greater than 20% and values lower than 9 g/dL after the surgery, there is a possible need for blood transfusion, which should only be indicated when accompanied by major symptoms of tissue hypoperfusion.

  2. Knee Osteochondral Autologous Transplantation: Long-term MR findings and clinical correlations

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Tetta, Cecilia, E-mail: cecilia.tetta@ior.i [Radiology, Rizzoli Orthopedic Institute, Bologna (Italy); Busacca, Maurizio; Moio, Antonio; Rinaldi, Raffaella [Radiology, Rizzoli Orthopedic Institute, Bologna (Italy); Delcogliano, Marco; Kon, Elizaveta; Filardo, Giuseppe; Marcacci, Maurilio [Biomechanics Laboratory, Rizzoli Orthopedic Institute, Bologna (Italy); Albisinni, Ugo [Radiology, Rizzoli Orthopedic Institute, Bologna (Italy)

    2010-10-15

    We evaluated long-term magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) features of Knee Osteochondral Autologous Transplantation (OAT)-Mosaicplasty and correlated MRI findings and clinical outcome. Twenty-four patients (mean age 29.9 {+-} 8.7, 70.8% male) undergoing arthroscopic OAT between 1997 and 2000 were prospectively enrolled. The International Cartilage Repair Society (ICRS)/International Knee Documentation Committee (IKDC) scores and Tegner scores were employed for clinical evaluation. The magnetic resonance observation of cartilage repair tissue (MOCART) was utilized for description and assessment of the repair tissue. Median follow up was 113 months (interquartile range [IQR] 106-122). MRI showed good survival of grafted cartilage in 62.5% of patients. The integration of the graft was complete in 75% of cases, while the repaired tissue was intact in 62.5% and had an homogeneous structure in 70.8%. The MOCART score significantly correlated with objective and subjective scores (p = 0.003 and p = 0.002). Contrastingly, overall MOCART showed no correlation with the Tegner score. MRI revealed to be a powerful tool for non-invasive long-term assessment of OAT.

  3. Clinical and Arthroscopic Findings of Acute Anterior Cruciate Ligament Tears of the Knee

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Kenji Shirakura

    1995-01-01

    Full Text Available Clinical, arthrographic, and arthroscopic findings in 53 patients with acutely torn anterior cruciate ligaments (ACLs were documented. Arthroscopy and instability tests under anesthesia were performed on all patients within 2 weeks after the initial injury. Twenty-three patients complained of extension blocks, and localized tenderness on the medial side was revealed in 26 patients at the initial examination. Aspiration from joints exhibited hemarthrosis in 52 patients. Arthroscopy revealed ACL ruptures in all patients. Four Segond's fractures, 26 meniscus tears (8 medial and 18 lateral, 1 osteochondral fracture, and 19 medial collateral ligament ruptures were revealed. Arthroscopy detected only 1 of the 5 ruptures of the posteromedial corner of the medial meniscus, which were noted on arthrography. Three ACL stumps were protruding among the femorotibial joint, which seemed to be restricting full extension. Statistical analysis showed that tenderness on the medial side was not revealed more frequently in knees with medial collateral ligament injuries than in the others. The volume of aspirated fluids in knees with no leakage in arthrography significantly increased over those with leakages (p < 0.05. Diagnosis of ACL injuries should be completed by clinical, arthrographic, and arthroscopic examinations.

  4. Development of computer tablet software for clinical quantification of lateral knee compartment translation during the pivot shift test.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Muller, Bart; Hofbauer, Marcus; Rahnemai-Azar, Amir Ata; Wolf, Megan; Araki, Daisuke; Hoshino, Yuichi; Araujo, Paulo; Debski, Richard E; Irrgang, James J; Fu, Freddie H; Musahl, Volker

    2016-01-01

    The pivot shift test is a commonly used clinical examination by orthopedic surgeons to evaluate knee function following injury. However, the test can only be graded subjectively by the examiner. Therefore, the purpose of this study is to develop software for a computer tablet to quantify anterior translation of the lateral knee compartment during the pivot shift test. Based on the simple image analysis method, software for a computer tablet was developed with the following primary design constraint - the software should be easy to use in a clinical setting and it should not slow down an outpatient visit. Translation of the lateral compartment of the intact knee was 2.0 ± 0.2 mm and for the anterior cruciate ligament-deficient knee was 8.9 ± 0.9 mm (p software provides reliable, objective, and quantitative data on translation of the lateral knee compartment during the pivot shift test and meets the design constraints posed by the clinical setting.

  5. Clinical, roentgenographic, and scintigraphic results after interruption of the superior lateral genicular artery during total knee arthroplasty

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Ritter, M.A.; Keating, E.M.; Faris, P.M. (Center for Hip and Knee Surgery, Mooresville, IN (USA))

    1989-11-01

    Forty-eight patients treated by primary bilateral simultaneous total knee arthroplasty, in which one knee had a lateral release and the other did not, were evaluated clinically and roentgenographically from one to 12 years postoperatively. Thirty of these patients also had a technetium-99 bone scan. Mean clinical scores at the last follow-up examination were 90 for both groups. Roentgenographically, there were no subluxations, dislocations, or fractures in either group. There were two metal-backed patellae (one in each group) with signs of polyethylene wear and developed debris. Bone scans showed no difference between the two groups and no signs of osteonecrosis of the patella.

  6. Clinical and endocrinological changes after electro-acupuncture treatment in patients with osteoarthritis of the knee.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ahsin, Sadia; Saleem, Salman; Bhatti, Ahsin Manzoor; Iles, Ray K; Aslam, Mohammad

    2009-12-15

    Neurobiological mechanisms invoking the release of endogenous opioids and depression of stress hormone release are believed to be the basis of acupuncture analgesia. This study compared plasma beta-endorphin and cortisol levels with self assessment scores of intensity of pain, before and after 10 days of electro-acupuncture treatment in patients suffering from chronic pain as a result of osteoarthritis knees. Forty patients of either sex over 40 years with primary osteoarthritis knee were recruited into a single-blinded, sham-controlled study. For electro-acupuncture group the points were selected according to the Traditional Chinese Medicine Meridian Theory. In the sham group needles were inserted at random points away from true acupoints and no current was passed. Both groups were treated for 10 days with one session every day lasting for 20-25min. Pre- and post-treatment Western Ontario and McMaster Universities (WOMAC) index of osteoarthritis knee and Visual Analogue Scale (VAS) for pain were recorded and blood samples were taken for the measurement of plasma cortisol and beta-endorphin levels. Following electro-acupuncture treatment there was a significant improvement in WOMAC index and VAS (p=0.001), a significant rise in plasma beta-endorphin (p=0.001), and a significant fall in plasma cortisol (p=0.016). In conclusion electro-acupuncture resulted in an improvement in pain, stiffness and disability. Of clinical importance is that an improvement in objective measures of pain and stress/pain associated biomarkers was shown above that of a sham treatment; hence demonstrating acupuncture associated physiological changes beyond that of the placebo effects.

  7. Long term follow up of clinical outcome between patellar resurfacing and nonresurfacing in total knee arthroplasty: Chinese experience

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Feng Bin; Weng Xisheng; Lin Jin; Jin Jin; Qian Wenwei; Wang Wei; Qiu Guixing

    2014-01-01

    Background The long term outcome of patellar resurfacing in Chinese has not been well described.This study evaluated more than 10-year clinical outcomes and survivorship of patellar resurfacing or nonresurfacing in total knee arthroplasty.Methods From January 1993 to December 2002,265 patients accepted total knee arthroplasty in Department of Orthopaedic Surgery,Peking Union Medical College Hospital.Among them,226 patients (246 knees) were successfully followed up,with 176 knees for patellar resurfacing and 70 knees for nonresurfacing.The survivorship of total knee arthroplasty between two groups and the hospital for special surgery knee score (HSS),patellar score,patellar related complication and radiological results were studied at the latest follow-up.Results The HSS knee score increased from 55.9±12.2 preoperatively to 92.0±10.9 postoperatively for patellar resurfacing group and from 56.6±9.9 to 94.2±11.4 for nonresurfacing group after average 11.4-year follow-up.Patellar score increased from 13.93±2.42 preoperatively to 28.33±2.20 for resurfacing group and from 13.55±2.73 to 27.8±2.37 for nonresurfacing group.There was no statistically significant difference for both HSS score,patellar score between the two groups with higher rate of anterior knee pain for nonresurfacing group.Patellar nonresurfacing had higher lateral subluxation than resurfacing group according to radiological evaluation.Patients with rheumatoid arthritis had 5.5 fold patellar related complication than patients with osteoarthritis.The 10-year survival rate was not statistically significant different between the two groups (P=0.12).Conclusions There was no significant difference of long-term clinical outcome and survivorship between patellar resurfacing and nonresurfacing.Patellar nonresurfacing can be advisable during primary total knee arthroplasty especially in Chinese patients with osteoarthritis.Selective patellar resurfacing for patients with rheumatoid arthritis can achieve

  8. The Knee Clinical Assessment Study – CAS(K. A prospective study of knee pain and knee osteoarthritis in the general population: baseline recruitment and retention at 18 months

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Duncan Rachel

    2006-03-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background Selective non-participation at baseline (due to non-response and non-consent and loss to follow-up are important concerns for longitudinal observational research. We investigated these matters in the context of baseline recruitment and retention at 18 months of participants for a prospective observational cohort study of knee pain and knee osteoarthritis in the general population. Methods Participants were recruited to the Knee Clinical Assessment Study – CAS(K – by a multi-stage process involving response to two postal questionnaires, consent to further contact and medical record review (optional, and attendance at a research clinic. Follow-up at 18-months was by postal questionnaire. The characteristics of responders/consenters were described for each stage in the recruitment process to identify patterns of selective non-participation and loss to follow-up. The external validity of findings from the clinic attenders was tested by comparing the distribution of WOMAC scores and the association between physical function and obesity with the same parameters measured directly in the target population as whole. Results 3106 adults aged 50 years and over reporting knee pain in the previous 12 months were identified from the first baseline questionnaire. Of these, 819 consented to further contact, responded to the second questionnaire, and attended the research clinics. 776 were successfully followed up at 18 months. There was evidence of selective non-participation during recruitment (aged 80 years and over, lower socioeconomic group, currently in employment, experiencing anxiety or depression, brief episode of knee pain within the previous year. This did not cause significant bias in either the distribution of WOMAC scores or the association between physical function and obesity. Conclusion Despite recruiting a minority of the target population to the research clinics and some evidence of selective non-participation, this

  9. INFLUENCE OF RESIDUAL VARUS DEFORMITY ON CLINICAL, FUNCTIONAL, RADIOLOGICAL AND DYNAMOMETRIC OUTCOMES OF TOTAL KNEE ARTHROPLASTY

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    M. P. Zinoviev

    2017-01-01

    Full Text Available Purpose of the study – to evaluate the influence of residual varus deformity of the lower leg on clinical, functional and dynamometric outcomes of TKR.Material and methods. In the period from September 2014 till May 2015 951 total knee replacement surgeries were performed in Ural clinical and rehabilitation center in 933 patients with initial varus deformity of lower limb. However, in 52 cases (5.5% residual varus deformity of >3° persisted. The main group included 36 patients with mean residual varus deformity of lower leg of 3.9°±0.74° (from 3.1° to 5.6°, the control group included 34 patients with neutral mechanic axis of the lower leg. Evaluation of treatment outcomes was performed on average 14.2±1.8 months after the procedure using functional assessment of the patients according to KSS (Knee Society Score, subjective assessment of life quality (SF36, as well as evaluation of the static-dynamic function of the lower leg on diagnostic and treatment complex Biodex Systems 4 Quick Set and assessment of stability of components fixation by F.C. Ewald scale in modification of O.A. Kudinov et al.Results. Functional assessment of the patients according to KSS (Knee Society Score for the main group was 84.0±4.6, in control group – 82.2±4.1 points (p>0.05. Subjective assessment of life quality (SF36 in the main group was 162.6±6.4 points, in control group – 164.3±8.1 points (p>0.05. In terms of flexion and extension of lower leg there were no significant differences between two groups when assessing static and dynamic function by treatment and diagnostic complex «Biodex Systems 4 Quick Set» on average in 14.2±1.8 months after procedure: neither isometric nor isokinetic parameters in both groups demonstrated statistically significant differences (p>0.05. Based on X-rays evaluation there were no abnormalities in components fixation in both groups. There were no statistically significant differences identified in KSS and SF36 scales

  10. Physiological knock-knee in preschool children: prevalence, correlating factors, gait analysis, and clinical significance.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lin, C J; Lin, S C; Huang, W; Ho, C S; Chou, Y L

    1999-01-01

    Physiological knock-knee (PKK) was categorized by measuring intermalleolar distance (IMD), a clinically simple method, to evaluate the prevalence and correlating factors in 305 preschool children. The prevalence in this cross-sectional study was relatively high, and it was age related (p = 0.002; 64, 44, and 34% for ages 3-4, 4-5, and 5-6 years, respectively). The following factors were correlated with PKK: use of walking chair early (p = 0.0001), independently walked late (p = 0.0005), dependently walked longer (p = 0.0001), concurrence with flatfoot (p = 0.001), and angular deformity (toe in/out, p = 0.03). Gait analysis, with spatiotemporal, kinematics, and kinetics parameters, was performed to evaluate the ambulatory significance. Preschool children with PKK have a shorter stride length (p = 0.02) and a slower walking speed (p = 0.004). Dynamic hyperextension of the knee is noted for 8 degrees during the whole gait cycle (p PKK is a variable that should be considered in the development of mature gait for preschool children.

  11. Clinical measurements of proprioception, muscle strength and laxity in relation to function in the ACL-injured knee.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Roberts, D; Ageberg, E; Andersson, G; Fridén, T

    2007-01-01

    A knee injury with anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) rupture may cause deficits in proprioception, increased laxity and decreased muscle strength. Although it may be common knowledge that these factors affect knee function, only a few studies have been performed where this has been investigated in the clinical situation, and the results are not conclusive. The purpose of this study was therefore to investigate how and to what extent proprioception, laxity and strength affect knee joint function and evaluate if the methods commonly used for estimating these factors clinically seem to be relevant. The study encompassed 36 patients with ACL deficiency. A single-leg hop test for distance and subjective rating of knee function were defined as dependent variables and analyzed separately in stepwise linear regression models where proprioception, knee joint laxity, hamstrings and quadriceps strength, age and sex were defined as independent variables. Higher threshold values (poorer proprioception), increased side-to-side difference of anterior laxity and poorer strength significantly predicted shorter length of the hop test. Higher rating of subjective function corresponded to female gender, lesser side-to-side difference of anterior laxity and better proprioception.

  12. [Clinical pathway for total knee arthroplasty (EGON). II. The impact of enhanced patient information].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kirschner, S; Lützner, J; Meier, V; Günther, K P; Krummenauer, F

    2010-09-01

    The effects of the introduction of a clinical pathway and enhanced patient information on patients' satisfaction were investigated in the current study. In a prospective cohort study patients were systematically interviewed about the preparation and the clinical course during implantation of a total knee arthroplasty. The study included 132 patients before (cohort I) and 128 after (cohort II) introduction of a clinical pathway. All patients of cohort II were offered the opportunity to attend an enhanced patient information lecture. The collected data were analysed in a descriptive manner. Items with more than 10% negative answers constituted the need for improvement. Regarding preparation of the operation there was a need for improvement of 11 items in cohort I and 4 in cohort II. With respect to the clinical course there was a slight increase from 6 to 7 items that required improvement. The enhanced information about the treatment and the clinical course were assessed positively. Patients were unsatisfied with the individual explanation of the X-rays. Of 128 patients from cohort II, 58 decided to participate in the information session for patients. The patients who had attended were more interested in receiving additional information. The success of the operation (gain in WOMAC score of at least 20%) showed a substantial effect on patient satisfaction. With increased patient information the knowledge and patient satisfaction within clinical pathways can be improved.

  13. Effectiveness of Argan oil on knee osteoarthritis symptoms : a randomized controlled clinical trial.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Essouiri, Jamila; Harzy, Taoufik; Benaicha, Nadia; Errasfa, Mourad; Abourazzak, Fatima Ezzahra

    2017-07-10

    Knee osteoarthritis (KOA) is a common chronic degenerative disorder. It causes joints pain, walking difficulties and a decline of general physical function. Many pain drugs and treatment modalities can be prescribed for KOA. Among traditional medicine in Morocco, Argan oil has been used in the treatment of knee osteoarthritis to reduce pain and improve physical activity, though there have been no medical-based evidence for such treatment. Argan oil is known to have anti-oxidant and lipid modulatory properties due to its content of many substances, such as tocopherols, phytosterols, saturated and unsaturated fatty acids. This study was undertaken in order to investigate the effect of daily consumption of culinary argan oil on KOA symptoms. We conducted a randomized controlled clinical trial on patients with KOA according to the American College of Rheumatology (ACR) criteria. Patients were devided into 2 groups: Argan oil group who received Argan oil to be consumed every morning (30 ml per day) for 8 weeks and control group with no treatment. Clinical assessment before and after 8 weeks study was performed by several tests such as the visual analogue scale (VAS) for pain, walking perimeter, the Western Ontario and McMaster Universities osteoarthritis index (WOMAC), and the Lequesne index. The study included 100 patients. 51 patients were randomly assigned to Argan oilgroup while 49 patients were randomly assigned to control group with no treatment. Mean age of our patients was 58.24 ± 7.2 years, with a majority of women (93%). Following 8 weeks of Argan oil consumption, Argan oil group had a very significant decrease of VAS for pain (pArgan oil groupe were compared to those of control group, we found statistically significant differences of all the above measured parameters : VAS of pain (P=0,02), WOMAC pain (pargan oil seems to be safe and efficacious in improving clinical symptoms of KOA. Copyright© Bentham Science Publishers; For any queries, please email at

  14. [Clinical relevance of unloading in cartilage therapy of the knee--shoe insoles, knee braces or additional operative procedure?].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kraus, T M; Imhoff, A B; Ateschrang, A; Stöckle, U; Schröter, S

    2015-02-01

    Restoration of a neutral biomechanical environment and reduction of overload is an important factor contributing to the success of any cartilage repair procedure. Reduction of overload can by achieved by so called unloading procedures in order to reduce intraarticular pressure from the repair zone. Unloading can be achieved via loss of weight, wedged shoe insoles, knee braces or via operations such as osteotomies around the knee joint. The cartilage therapy and the concomitant unloading procedure should be adapted to the individual pathology and realistic aims of the patient. Wedged insoles and braces are the least invasive treatment methods. In comparison, however, beneficial effects of braces outline those of laterally wedged heels. Nevertheless long-term compliance with insoles and braces is poor. Concerning braces either because the positive effects of the braces are too small or because the adverse effects are too large. Unloading in the long run may only be achieved through operative procedures. When an osteotomy seems to be too invasive the arthroscopic release of the posterior oblique ligament might be an option. Patients with an intact contralateral chondral status, medium to slight malalignment who want to remain at high activity levels, remain good candidates for unloading osteotomies.

  15. Predictors of clinical outcome in total hip and knee replacement : a methodological appraisal of implants and patient factors

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Keurentjes, Johan Christiaan

    2014-01-01

    In this thesis, we studied both implants and patient and surgeon factors as predictors of clinical outcome after total hip and knee replacement. Additionally, we studied a number of methodological aspects of orthopaedic research, such as competing risks in estimating the probability of revision

  16. Fast-track hip and knee arthroplasty: clinical and organizational aspects

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Husted, Henrik

    2012-01-01

    Fast-track hip and knee arthroplasty aims at giving the patients the best available treatment at all times, being a dynamic entity. Fast-track combines evidence-based, clinical features with organizational optimization including a revision of traditions resulting in a streamlined pathway from......; patient-characteristics to predict outcome; and traditions which may be barriers in optimizing outcomes. Patients should be informed and motivated to be active participants and their expectations should be modulated in order to improve satisfaction. Also, organizational aspects need to be analyzed...... and optimized. New logistical approaches should be implemented; the ward ideally (re)structured to only admit arthroplasties; the staff educated to have a uniform approach; extensive preoperative information given including discharge criteria and intended length of stay. This thesis includes 9 papers...

  17. Compartment syndrome following total knee arthroplasty: clinical results of late fasciotomy.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Park, Cheol-Hee; Lee, Seung-Hyuk; Kang, Dong-Geun; Cho, Kye-Youl; Lee, Sang-Hak; Kim, Kang-Il

    2014-09-01

    Compartment syndrome after total knee arthroplasty (TKA) is a rare complication. Because of its rarity, it may be overlooked and misdiagnosed as peroneal nerve palsy or deep vein thrombosis. This misdiagnosis could have a profound impact on the patient's outcome. We report a case of a 77-year-old female who developed unilateral compartment syndrome in the calf after staged bilateral TKA at an outside clinic. The patient presented with medical complications related to compartment syndrome: rhabdomyolysis and myoglobinuria, which caused acute renal failure. Thus, we performed late fasciotomy one week after symptom onset to debride necrotic tissue and salvage the compartment. In the discussion section, we will discuss risk factors for compartment syndrome after TKA, results of late fasciotomy and other indications for surgical treatment of compartment syndrome.

  18. Clinical, nociceptive and psychological profiling to predict acute pain after total knee arthroplasty

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Luna, I E; Kehlet, H; Petersen, M A

    2017-01-01

    BACKGROUND: Pre-operative identification of high-pain responders for acute pain after total knee arthroplasty (TKA) could lead to targeted analgesic trials and individualized analgesic strategies to improve recovery and potentially reduce the risk of persistent post-surgical pain. The aim...... outcome. Predictive variables collected prior to surgery included demographics, nociceptive testing (pressure pain threshold (PPT), cold pressor tolerance, electrical pain threshold and tolerance) and psychological profile (pain catastrophizing scale (PCS) and hospital anxiety and depression scale...... catastrophizing are predictive of moderate severe post-TKA pain. If validated in a larger population, the clinically applicable tests should be considered in future interventions aiming to minimize post-operative pain in high-risk patients....

  19. Minimally invasive technologies in the treatment of closed fractures of the intercondylar elevation of the knee: a clinical case

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Евгений Владимирович Ворончихин

    2015-12-01

    Full Text Available Тhis article presents a clinical case of the surgical treatment of a fracture in the intercondylar eminences of the knee joint in a 7-year-old child. Closed fractures of the intercondylar exaltation are mainly a characteristic of childhood. This type of damage occurs by dysfunction of the knee resulting from instability. Because the fracture of the intercondylar eminences of the knee joint in children is similar to the damage of the anterior cruciate ligament in adults, the current course of knee surgery is a minimally invasive technique. These include fixation of the intercondylar exaltation using video stroboscopy as well as the assistance of various implants (e.g., screw, wire, and Dacron. In the children's Department of Traumatology and Orthopedics of the Federal Center of Traumatology, Orthopedics and Endoprosthesis Replacement in Barnaul, various surgeries are performed, including arthroscopy of the right knee joint, intercondylar exaltation reposition, and fixation of the intercondylar exaltation latch Lupine (De PuyMitek.

  20. Hylan GF-20 Viscosupplementation in the Treatment of Symptomatic Osteoarthritis of the Knee: Clinical Effect Survivorship at 5 Years.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Boutefnouchet, Tarek; Puranik, Guru; Holmes, Esther; Bell, Karl M

    2017-06-01

    Controversies remain surrounding the choice of hyaluronic acid products and patient selection. A study was conducted to report the long-term survivorship of intra-articular injection effect of high molecular weight hyaluronic preparation hylan GF-20 (Synvisc-One) for patients with symptomatic knee osteoarthritis. A retrospective observational analysis of a single therapeutic series was carried out. The analysis was conducted to determine therapeutic effect survivorship taking arthroplasty and any other surgical interventions as endpoint results. Seventy-seven consecutive patients (82 knees) were followed up for five years. At one-year follow-up, 71 knees (87%) responded to treatment and only 8 knees (10%) were offered arthroplasty due to persistence of symptoms. At five-year follow-up, 41 (50%) were still considered responders. During the study period, repeat injection was given in 9 knees (11%). Arthroplasty (either total or unicompartmental) was required in 26 (31%). Kaplan-Meier survivorship analysis of therapeutic effect demonstrated 67% survival at 5 years with arthroplasty as endpoint and 58% survival at 5 years with all secondary interventions as endpoint. This study demonstrates a significantly longer duration of clinical benefit of hylan GF-20 injection. Present results may suggest a notion of an ideal delay therapeutic strategy for patients not ready to receive an arthroplasty. Further studies will be required to help characterise these subsets of patients.

  1. Validation of an anatomical coordinate system for clinical evaluation of the knee joint in upright and closed MRI.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Olender, Gavin; Hurschler, Christof; Fleischer, Benjamin; Friese, Karl-Ingo; Sukau, Andreas; Gutberlet, Marcel; Becher, Christoph

    2014-05-01

    A computerized method to automatically and spatially align joint axes of in vivo knee scans was established and compared to a fixed reference system implanted in a cadaver model. These computational methods to generate geometric models from static MRI images with an automatic coordinate system fitting proved consistent and accurate to reproduce joint motion in multiple scan positions. Two MRI platforms, upright and closed, were used to scan a phantom cadaver knee to create a three-dimensional, geometric model. The knee was subsequently scanned in several positions of knee bending in a custom made fixture. Reference markers fixed to the bone were tracked by an external infrared camera system as well as by direct segmentation from scanned images. Anatomical coordinate systems were automatically fitted to the segmented bone model and the transformations of joint position were compared to the reference marker coordinate systems. The tracked translation and rotation measurements of the automatic coordinate system were found to be below root mean square errors of 0.8 mm and 0.7°. In conclusion, the precision of the translation and rotational tracking is found to be sensitive to the scanning modality, albeit in upright or closed MRI, but still within comparative measures to previously performed studies. The potential to use segmented bone models for patient joint analysis could vastly improve clinical evaluation of disorders of the knee with continual application in future three-dimensional computations.

  2. Contrast-enhanced MRI of the knee in children unaffected by clinical arthritis compared to clinically active juvenile idiopathic arthritis patients

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Nusman, Charlotte M.; Hemke, Robert [University of Amsterdam, Department of Radiology, Academic Medical Center, Amsterdam (Netherlands); University of Amsterdam, Department of Pediatric Hematology, Immunology, Rheumatology and Infectious Disease, Emma Children' s Hospital AMC, Amsterdam (Netherlands); Benninga, Marc A.; Kindermann, Angelika [University of Amsterdam, Department of Pediatric Gastroenterology, Emma Children' s Hospital AMC, Amsterdam (Netherlands); Schonenberg-Meinema, Dieneke; Berg, J.M. van den; Kuijpers, Taco W. [University of Amsterdam, Department of Pediatric Hematology, Immunology, Rheumatology and Infectious Disease, Emma Children' s Hospital AMC, Amsterdam (Netherlands); Rossum, Marion A.J. van [University of Amsterdam, Department of Pediatric Hematology, Immunology, Rheumatology and Infectious Disease, Emma Children' s Hospital AMC, Amsterdam (Netherlands); Reade, Department of Pediatric Rheumatology, Amsterdam (Netherlands); Maas, Mario [University of Amsterdam, Department of Radiology, Academic Medical Center, Amsterdam (Netherlands)

    2016-04-15

    To evaluate enhancing synovial thickness upon contrast-enhanced magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) of the knee in children unaffected by clinical arthritis compared with clinically active juvenile idiopathic arthritis (JIA) patients. A secondary objective was optimization of the scoring method based on maximizing differences on MRI between these groups. Twenty-five children without history of joint complaints nor any clinical signs of joint inflammation were age/sex-matched with 25 clinically active JIA patients with arthritis of at least one knee. Two trained radiologists, blinded for clinical status, independently evaluated location and extent of enhancing synovial thickness with the validated Juvenile Arthritis MRI Scoring system (JAMRIS) on contrast-enhanced axial fat-saturated T1-weighted MRI of the knee. Enhancing synovium (≥2 mm) was present in 13 (52 %) unaffected children. Using the total JAMRIS score for synovial thickening, no significant difference was found between unaffected children and active JIA patients (p = 0.091). Additional weighting of synovial thickening at the JIA-specific locations enabled more sensitive discrimination (p = 0.011). Mild synovial thickening is commonly present in the knee of children unaffected by clinical arthritis. The infrapatellar and cruciate ligament synovial involvement were specific for JIA, which - in a revised JAMRIS - increases the ability to discriminate between JIA and unaffected children. (orig.)

  3. Effects of kinesiotherapy, ultrasound and electrotherapy in management of bilateral knee osteoarthritis: prospective clinical trial

    OpenAIRE

    2012-01-01

    Abstract Background Although recent advances in knee osteoarthritis (OA) treatment and evaluation were achieved, to the best of our knowledge, few studies have evaluated the longitudinal effect of therapeutic modalities on the functional exercise capacity of patients with knee OA. The purpose was to investigate the effects of kinesiotherapy and electrotherapy on functional exercise capacity, evaluated using the six-minute walk test (6-MWT) in patients with bilateral knee OA. Secondary measure...

  4. Comparison of 2 dosages of intraarticular triamcinolone for the treatment of knee arthritis: results of a 12-week randomized controlled clinical trial

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Popma, J.W.; Snel, Frank W.; Haagsma, Cees J.; Brummelhuis-Visser, Petra; Oldenhof, Hans G.J.; van der Palen, Jacobus Adrianus Maria; van de Laar, Mart A F J

    2015-01-01

    Objective. To determine whether a double dose of intraarticular triamcinolone acetonide is more effective for knee arthritis than a 40-mg dose. Methods. In this 12-week randomized controlled clinical trial, 40 mg and 80 mg of intraarticular triamcinolone acetonide were compared in patients with knee

  5. Clinical Effect of Acupuncture Treatment in 109 Cases of Knee Osteoarthritis

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    姜爱平; 张磊; 赵长信; 杨福贤

    2001-01-01

    @@ Knee Osteoarthritis, a retrograde disease, is mainly characterized by pain in the knee joints and limitation of the movement. It is a common and frequently occurring disease affecting the health and life quality of old people. In recent years, acupuncture treatment of knee osteoarthritis with satisfactory therapeutic results has been repeatedly reported,2-3, 5-6 but there has been few report on the observation of long-term therapeutic effects after treatment. With acupuncture as the main therapy, 109 cases of knee osteoarthritis were treated in this series. 91 cases with good therapeutic results were followed up for 6 months. A report is presented in the following.

  6. Tibial condylar valgus osteotomy (TCVO) for osteoarthritis of the knee: 5-year clinical and radiological results.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Chiba, Ko; Yonekura, Akihiko; Miyamoto, Takashi; Osaki, Makoto; Chiba, Goji

    2017-03-01

    Tibial condylar valgus osteotomy (TCVO) is a type of opening-wedge high tibial osteotomy for advanced medial knee osteoarthritis (OA) with subluxated lateral joint. We report the concept, the current surgical technique with a locking plate, and the short-term clinical and radiological results of this procedure. 11 knees with medial OA and a widened lateral joint were treated by TCVO (KL stage III: 6, IV: 5). In this procedure, by the L-shaped osteotomy from the medial side of the proximal tibia to the intercondylar eminence and the valgus correction, lateralization of the mechanical axis and reduction of the subluxated lateral joint are obtained with early postoperative weight-bearing. Before, 6 months, 1, and 5 years after the operation, a visual analog scale (VAS), the Western Ontario and McMaster Universities Arthritis Index (WOMAC), alignment of the lower extremity, and congruency and stability of the femorotibial joint were investigated. The VAS improved from an average of 73 mm to 13 mm, and the total WOMAC score from 52 to 14 before to 5 years after the operation, respectively. The mechanical axis changed from 1 to 60%, and the FTA changed from 186° to 171°. The joint line convergence angle (JLCA) changed from 6° to 1°, and the angle difference of JLCA between varus and valgus stress improved from 8° to 4° after the procedure. Improvements in pain and activities of daily living were observed by TCVO along with valgus correction of the lower extremity and stabilization of the femorotibial joint.

  7. Five-year clinical and radiological outcomes in 257 consecutive cementless Oxford medial unicompartmental knee arthroplasties.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Blaney, J; Harty, H; Doran, E; O'Brien, S; Hill, J; Dobie, I; Beverland, D

    2017-05-01

    Our aim was to examine the clinical and radiographic outcomes in 257 consecutive Oxford unicompartmental knee arthroplasties (OUKAs) (238 patients), five years post-operatively. A retrospective evaluation was undertaken of patients treated between April 2008 and October 2010 in a regional centre by two non-designing surgeons with no previous experience of UKAs. The Oxford Knee Scores (OKSs) were recorded and fluoroscopically aligned radiographs were assessed post-operatively at one and five years. The median age of the 238 patients was 65.0 years (interquartile range (IQR) 59.0 to 73.0), the median body mas index was 30.0 (IQR 27.5 to 33.0) and 51.7% were male. There were no intra-operative complications. There was a significant improvement in the median OKS at six weeks (34, IQR 31.0 to 37.0), one year (38, IQR 29.0 to 43.0) and five years (37, IQR 27.0 to 42.0) when compared with the pre-operative scores (16, IQR 13.0 to 19.0) (all p = five years. The cumulative survival at five years was 98.8% and the mean survival time was 5.8 years (95% confidence interval 5.6 to 5.9). A total of seven OUKAs (2.7%) were revised; three within five years and four thereafter, between 5.1 and 5.7 years post-operatively. Five (1.9%) had re-operations within five years. The proportion of patients requiring revision at five years is lower than that generally reported for UKA. These findings add support for the use of the cementless OUKA outside the design centre. Longer follow-up is required. Cite this article: Bone Joint J 2017;99-B:623-31. ©2017 The British Editorial Society of Bone & Joint Surgery.

  8. The Effect of Patella Eversion on Clinical Outcome Measures in Simultaneous Bilateral Total Knee Arthroplasty: A Prospective Randomized Controlled Trial.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zan, Pengfei; Wu, Zhong; Yu, Xiao; Fan, Lin; Xu, Tianyang; Li, Guodong

    2016-03-01

    During total knee arthroplasty (TKA), surgical exposure requires mobilization technique of the patella. With this trial, we intended to investigate the effect of patella eversion on clinical outcome measures in simultaneous bilateral TKA. We prospectively enrolled 44 patients (88 knees) from April 2008 to June 20l4.One knee was operated with patella eversion (group A) and the other with patella lateral retraction (group B) randomly. Follow-up results, including the operation time, complications, and the time of achieving straight leg raise (SLR) and 90° knee flexion, were recorded. The data of range of motion (ROM) and Visual Analogue Scale score were collected separately at 7 days, 3 months, 6 months, and 1 year postoperatively. The time of achieving SLR was 2.7 ± 0.8 days in group A and 2.1 ± 0.7 DAYS in group B, which were significantly different (P = .032). Significant difference was found on active and passive ROM during the follow-up times between groups A and B, except the passive ROM at 6 months postoperatively. No significant difference was found on operation time, complications, patella baja or tilt, time of achieving 90°knee flexion, and Visual Analogue Scale score during the follow-up times. Patellar eversion was adverse to the early knee function recovery after TKA; it would delay the time of achieving SLR and decrease the passive and active ROM. In addition, more carefully and scientifically designed randomized controlled trials are still required to further prove the claim. Copyright © 2016 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

  9. [Examination of the knee joint. The value of clinical findings in arthroscopic control].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Steinbrück, K; Wiehmann, J C

    1988-01-01

    Purely clinical examination of the knee joint can, at best, only be regarded as a "screening procedure". Diagnosis with the aid of apparatus (sonography, arthrography, CT, NMR) produces better results. However, arthroscopy performed by an experienced examiner confirms the diagnosis in cases of suspected meniscus injury or isolated lesions of the cruciate ligaments and leads to early and therefore optimal therapy. In a retrospective study 300 arthroscopies performed in 1985 were selected and evaluated. In 1986/87, a further 300 patients were clinically examined prospectively, according to the same criteria, and findings were compared with the arthroscopy performed the following day. Clinically, in 287 patients with multiple diagnoses, internal meniscus lesions were diagnosed in 162 cases (54%), external meniscus lesions in 38 (13%), chondropathia patellae in 54 (18%), and old ruptures of the cruciate ligaments in 46 (15%). In 13 patients no diagnosis could be established. Arthroscopically, pathology of the internal meniscus was found in 98 (33%) of the 300 patients, of the external meniscus in 40 (13%), cartilage damage in 103 (34%), old cruciate ligament ruptures in 51 (17%), and recent anterior cruciate ligament ruptures in 156 (52%); in 40 cases findings were normal. At 78%, the highest positive predictive value (proportion of tentative clinical diagnoses confirmed by arthroscopy) was found in cases of old ruptures of the anterior cruciate ligament, followed by external meniscus lesions (61%) and internal meniscus lesions (55%); i.e., only 55 out of 100 clinically suspected internal meniscus lesions are diagnosed by arthroscopy.(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS)

  10. Simultaneous bilateral septic arthritis of the knee after intraarticular steroid injection: A clinical report.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Munigangaiah, Sudarshan; O'Sullivan, Theresa A; Lenehan, Brian

    2014-07-01

    Osteoarthritis of knee is one of the common problems in elderly population. Intraarticular corticosteroid injection is a conservative management modality in osteoarthritis of knee. Septic arthritis is an infective complication of intraarticular corticosteroid injection. Septic arthritis in rheumatoid arthritis patients have worse prognosis because of delay in diagnosis. A higher rate of infectious complications following intraarticular injection is expected in immunocompromised and rheumatoid patients. We would like to report an extremely rare case of simultaneous bilateral knee septic arthritis after bilateral knee intraarticular steroid injection in a rheumatoid arthritis patient. Patient was treated successfully with multiple bilateral knee arthroscopic washouts and long-term intravenous antibiotics. This case report emphasizes the increased risk of infection in rheumatoid arthritis patients and a risk benefit assessment on individual basis before carrying out intraarticular steroid injection. Patient should be aware of this increased risk of infection.

  11. Knee Replacement

    Science.gov (United States)

    Knee replacement is surgery for people with severe knee damage. Knee replacement can relieve pain and allow you to ... Your doctor may recommend it if you have knee pain and medicine and other treatments are not ...

  12. Surgical treatment for septic arthritis of the knee joint in elderly patients: a 10-year retrospective clinical study.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Chen, Chao-Ming; Lin, Hsi-Hsien; Hung, Shih-Chieh; Huang, Tung-Fu; Chen, Wei-Ming; Liu, Chien-Lin; Chen, Tain-Hsiung

    2013-04-01

    Septic arthritis is the most rapidly destructive joint disease, but its early diagnosis remains challenging; delayed or inadequate treatment, even by expert physicians, can lead to irreversible joint destruction. Between 25% and 50% of patients develop irreversible loss of joint function, which is especially concerning in elderly patients. To understand the factors influencing the outcome of septic arthritis, the authors reviewed patients aged older than 50 years who had undergone debridement surgery for primary septic arthritis at their institution between 1998 and 2008. Ninety-two patients (92 knees) were enrolled in the study; 14 did not meet inclusion criteria and were excluded from the final analysis. Of the 78 included patients, 7 underwent arthrodesis, 22 underwent total knee arthroplasty, 19 were indicated for total knee arthroplasty for severe knee joint osteoarthritis but did not undergo surgery by the end of this study, and the remaining 30 had no or mild symptoms of osteoarthrosis and did not receive any surgical procedure. Staphylococcus aureus was the most common pathogenic agent (38%), followed by mixed bacterial infection (10%). Several factors negatively influenced the final clinical outcome, including delayed treatment, advanced macroscopic staging made during debridement surgery, performing multiple debridement surgeries, and a larger Lysholm score difference pre- and posttreatment. More antibiotics administered, longer duration of antibiotic treatment, and more pathogenic agents present were also significantly correlated with poor outcome. These findings shed new light on the management of septic arthritis. Accurate diagnoses and effective treatments are important for the clinical outcome of knee joint bacterial infection in elderly patients.

  13. Clinical Observation on Treatment of Osteoarthritis of Knee by Needle-Warming Method and Functional Training

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    吴立红; 朱国祥; 龚艳菲

    2007-01-01

    Purpose: To observe the long-term and recent clinical effect of needle-warming method plus functional training in the treatment of osteoarthritis of the knee joint. Methods:After 106 cases of the patients were divided into the needle-warming group and comprehensive group by the order of their first visit, the needle-warming group was treated by the needle-wanning method and the comprehensive group was treated by the needle-warming method plus functional training. After ten treatments, the clinical data in the two groups were evaluated upon Lequesne scale before and after the treatments. Three months later, follow-up survey was given to process the statistic management of the reoccurrence rate of the symptoms.Results: In the two groups after the treatment, the symptoms of the knee joint and daily life ability were obviously improved than the respective conditions before the treatment, and the integral decreased (P<0.05), with no significant difference (P>0.05) between the two groups. In the follow-up survey, there was a difference (P<0.05) between the two groups in the positive rate of the recurrent symptoms. Conclusion: Certain therapeutic effect exists in the treatment of osteoarthritis of the knee joint by the needle-warming method. If functional training is combined,the therapeutic effect would be more stable, without easy reoccurrence.%目的:观察温针配合功能训练治疗膝骨性关节炎的远、近期临床疗效.方法:将106例患者按首诊顺序分成温针组和综合组.温针组只采用温针治疗,综合组采用温针治疗及功能训练.治疗10次后参照Lequesne的评估法对两组临床指标进行治疗前、后评分;3个月后随访,对症状复发率进行统计处理.结果:治疗后两组膝关节症状及日常生活能力均比各自治疗前明显改善,积分值减少(P<0.05),两组积分比无明显差异(P>0.05);3个月后随访,两组症状复发的阳性率有差异(P<0.05).结论:温针治疗膝骨性关

  14. Influence of weight loss on the clinical manifestations of osteoarthritis of the knee-joints.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Inna Vladimirovna Solov'eva

    2014-10-01

    Full Text Available Obesity consistently associated with the development of a number of chronic diseases, leading to a decrease in quality of life, disability and death. The article examines the connection between obesity and disease of the musculoskeletal system, describes the mechanisms by means of which obesity leads to the development of osteoarthritis. It is evident that reduction of body mass can slow the progression of osteoporosis. The own experience of non-pharmacological and pharmacological treatment of obesity with the use of orlistat in 50 obese patients with osteoarthritis of the knee II–III stage is presented. Treatment has resulted in a decrease in body weight, waist circumference, accompanied by a decrease in symptoms osteoarthritis among all the patients. Our results showed that the addition of orlistat to standard osteoarthritis scheme leads to significant reduction in weight and reduction of clinical manifestations of osteoarthritis. According to the above, the drugs that have impact on weight loss, should be included in the treatment regimen of patients with osteoarthritis and obesity.

  15. Evaluation of knee extensor mechanism disorders: clinical presentation of 1 12 patients*.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Antich, T J; Randall, C C; Westbrook, R A; Morrissey, M C; Brewster, C E

    1986-01-01

    Results of physical therapy evaluation of 112 patients with extensor mechanism disorders (chondromalacia patella, infrapatellar tendinitis, and peripatellar pain) are presented. An equal number of male and female patients were evaluated and of the 73 patients with unilateral involvement (65%) there were equal numbers of right and left involved knees. Running was the activity most commonly associated with pain, followed by basketball and tennis. Stairclimbing was painful in 79% of the patients, with ascending being more painful than descending in patients reporting a clear-cut difference. Hamstring and quadriceps tightness was statistically significant relative to the uninvolved limb although clinically, negligible differences were measured. The inferior pole of the patella was the most tender site to palpation, followed by medial peripatellar structures, then lateral sites. Biomechanical malalignment was not detected by the attending therapist in the majority of patients. The authors emphasize careful assessment of flexibility, quadriceps (VMOIVL) imbalance, and biomechanical alignment in performing a thorough evaluation of patients with extensor mechanism disorders. J Orthop Sports Phys Ther 1986;8(5):248-254.

  16. Clinical Outcomes and Risks of Single-stage Bilateral Unicompartmental Knee Arthroplasty via Oxford Phase Ⅲ

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Tong Ma; Yi-Hui Tu; Hua-Ming Xue; Tao Wen; Min-Wei Cai

    2015-01-01

    Background:Osteoarthritis often affects the joint bilaterally,and the single-stage (SS) unicompartmental knee arthroplasty (UKA) is advantageous in terms of a single anesthesia administration,a short hospital stay,lower medical costs,and enhanced patient convenience.However,the complication risk of SS UKA continues to be debated.The aim of this article was to evaluate the clinical effectiveness,complications,and functional recovery of SS and two-stage (TS) UKA.Methods:From January 2008 to December 2013,we compared a series of 36 SS UKA with 45 TS UKA for osteoarthritis.The mean age was 65.4 years (range:55-75 years).The mean body mass index was 25.2 kg/m2 (range:22-29 kg/m2).The pre-and post-operative Oxford Knee Scores (OKSs),complications,operative times,tourniquet times,the amount of drainage,and hemoglobin (Hb) were evaluated.The Chi-square test,Fisher's exact test,and paired and grouped t-tests were used in this study.Results:The mean follow-up was 50 months.No complications of death,fat embolism,deep vein thrombosis,and prosthetic infection were reported.Patients who underwent SS UKA had a shorter cumulative anesthesia time (113.5 vs.133.0 min,P < 0.01).There were no significant variations between the values of the mean tourniquet time,the amount of drainage,pre-and post-operative Hb in the different groups.No patient required a blood transfusion.No statistical differences were found in the complications between two groups (P > 0.05).At the final follow-up,the mean OKS improved from 39.48 ± 5.69 to 18.83 ± 3.82 (P < 0.01),with no statistical differences between the two groups (P > 0.05).Patients who underwent SS UKA had a faster recovery.Conclusions:The single-staged UKA offers the benefits of a single anesthesia administration,reduced total anesthetic time,decreased overall rehabilitation time,and absence of an increase in perioperative mortality or complications compared with the TS bilateral UKA.

  17. Differences in gait patterns, pain, function and quality of life between males and females with knee osteoarthritis: a clinical trial

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Agar Gabriel

    2009-10-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background The aim of this study was to gain a deeper understanding of the gender differences in knee osteoarthritis (OA by evaluating the differences in gait spatio-temporal parameters and the differences in pain, quality of life and function between males and females suffering from knee OA. Methods 49 males and 85 females suffering from bilateral medial compartment knee OA participated in this study. Each patient underwent a computerized gait test and completed the WOMAC questionnaire and the SF-36 health survey. Independent t-tests were performed to examine the differences between males and females in age, BMI, spatio-temporal parameters, the WOMAC questionnaire and the SF-36 health survey. Results Males and females had different gait patterns. Although males and females walked at the same walking speed, cadence and step length, they presented significant differences in the gait cycle phases. Males walked with a smaller stance and double limb support, and with a larger swing and single limb support compared to females. In addition, males walked with a greater toe out angle compared to females. While significant differences were not found in the WOMAC subscales, females consistently reported higher levels of pain and disability. Conclusion The spatio-temporal differences between genders may suggest underlying differences in the gait strategies adopted by males and females in order to reduce pain and cope with the loads acting on their affected joints, two key aspects of knee OA. These gender effects should therefore be taken into consideration when evaluating patients with knee OA. Trial Registration The study is registered in the NIH clinical trial registration, protocol No. NCT00599729.

  18. Pericruciate fat pad of the knee: anatomy and pericruciate fat pad inflammation: cadaveric and clinical study emphasizing MR imaging

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Skaf, Abdalla Youssef [Hospital do Coracao (HCor), Department of Radiology, Sao Paulo, SP (Brazil); Hernandez Filho, Guinel [Santa Casa de Sao Paulo Hospital, Department of Radiology, Sao Paulo, SP (Brazil); Dirim, Berna [Izmir Atatuerk Training and Research Hospital, Department of Radiology, Karsiyaka, izmir (Turkey); Wangwinyuvirat, Mani [Rajavithi Hospital, Department of Radiology, Bangkok (Thailand); Trudell, Debra; Resnick, Donald [University of California, San Diego, Department of Radiology, Veterans Affairs Medical Center, La Jolla, CA (United States); Haghigi, Parvitz [University of California, San Diego, Department of Pathology, Veterans Affairs Medical Center, La Jolla, CA (United States)

    2012-12-15

    The pericruciate fat pad is located in the intercondylar fossa, intimate with the cruciate ligaments. With MR imaging, signal abnormality of the pericruciate fat pad has been observed in patients with posterior knee pain. The purpose of this study was to describe the anatomy of the pericruciate fat pad in cadaveric specimens and to document the clinical spectrum of pericruciate fat pad inflammation. Twelve cadaveric knees underwent MR imaging with T1 and T2 multiplanar images. Cadaveric sections were then prepared for macroscopic evaluation, with additional histologic analysis performed in four cases. MR images in seventeen patients (ten males, seven females; average age, 31.5 years; age range, 19-57 years) involved in intensive sporting activity and with posterior knee pain were reviewed. MR images in cadaveric specimens showed a fat pad that was located above and between the cruciate ligaments, near their attachment sites in the inner portion of the femoral condyles, within the intercondylar fossa. Fatty tissue covered by a thin layer of synovial membrane was confirmed at histology. Seventeen patients with posterior knee pain and without gross cartilage, meniscal, or ligamentous abnormalities all revealed an increased signal in this fat pad in fluid-sensitive fat-suppressed images, mainly in the sagittal and axial planes. In eight cases, enhancement of this fat pad was demonstrated following intravenous gadolinium administration. The pericruciate fat pad is a structure located in the intercondylar fossa, intimate with both the anterior and posterior cruciate ligaments. Inflammatory changes in this fat pad may be found in patients, especially athletes with posterior knee pain. (orig.)

  19. Clinical, Radiological and Ultrasonographic Findings Related to Knee Pain in Osteoarthritis

    Science.gov (United States)

    Chan, Keith K. W.; Sit, Regina W. S.; Wu, Ricky W. K.; Ngai, Allen H. Y.

    2014-01-01

    Background Pain is the predominant symptom of knee osteoarthritis (OA) and the main reason of disability. Ultrasound is now one of the new imaging modality in Musculoskeletal medicine and its role in assessing the pain severity in the knee osteoarthritis is evaluated in this study. Objectives (1) To study the correlation between ultrasonographic (US) findings and pain score and (2) whether ultrasonographic findings show a better association of pain level than conventional X-rays in patients suffering from primary knee osteoarthritis. Methods In this multi-center study, 193 patients with primary knee OA were asked to score their average knee pain using the Western Ontario and McMaster Universities Arthritis (WOMAC) questionnaire;patients would then go for a radiological and an US evaluation of their painful knee. Findings from both imaging modalities will be studied with the associated pain score. Results Ultrasound showed that knee effusion has positive correlation with pain score upon walking (r = 0.217) and stair climbing (r = 0.194). Presence of suprapatellar synovitis had higher pain score on sitting (Spearman's Rank correlation  = 0.355). The medial(r = 0.170) and lateral meniscus protrusion (r = 0.201) were associated with pain score upon stair climbing. Conclusions Our study found that both imaging modalities shown some significant association with the aspect of pain; neither one is clearly better but rather complementary to each other. A trend is found in both modalities: walking pain is related to pathologies of the either the lateral or medial tibiofemoral joint(TFJ)while stair climbing pain is related to both tibiofemoral joint pathologies and also to the patellofemoral joint (PFJ) pathology. This suggested that biomechanical derangement is an important aspect in OA knee pain. PMID:24675807

  20. Clinical, radiological and ultrasonographic findings related to knee pain in osteoarthritis.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Keith K W Chan

    Full Text Available Pain is the predominant symptom of knee osteoarthritis (OA and the main reason of disability. Ultrasound is now one of the new imaging modality in Musculoskeletal medicine and its role in assessing the pain severity in the knee osteoarthritis is evaluated in this study.(1 To study the correlation between ultrasonographic (US findings and pain score and (2 whether ultrasonographic findings show a better association of pain level than conventional X-rays in patients suffering from primary knee osteoarthritis.In this multi-center study, 193 patients with primary knee OA were asked to score their average knee pain using the Western Ontario and McMaster Universities Arthritis (WOMAC questionnaire;patients would then go for a radiological and an US evaluation of their painful knee. Findings from both imaging modalities will be studied with the associated pain score.Ultrasound showed that knee effusion has positive correlation with pain score upon walking (r = 0.217 and stair climbing (r = 0.194. Presence of suprapatellar synovitis had higher pain score on sitting (Spearman's Rank correlation  = 0.355. The medial(r = 0.170 and lateral meniscus protrusion (r = 0.201 were associated with pain score upon stair climbing.Our study found that both imaging modalities shown some significant association with the aspect of pain; neither one is clearly better but rather complementary to each other. A trend is found in both modalities: walking pain is related to pathologies of the either the lateral or medial tibiofemoral joint(TFJwhile stair climbing pain is related to both tibiofemoral joint pathologies and also to the patellofemoral joint (PFJ pathology. This suggested that biomechanical derangement is an important aspect in OA knee pain.

  1. The development of an evidence-based clinical checklist for the diagnosis of anterior knee pain

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Dominique C. Leibbrandt

    2017-02-01

    Full Text Available Background: Anterior knee pain (AKP or patellofemoral pain syndrome is common and may limit an individual’s ability to perform common activities of daily living such as stair climbing and prolonged sitting. The diagnosis is difficult as there are multiple definitions for this disorder and there are no accepted criteria for diagnosis. It is therefore most commonly a diagnosis that is made once other pathologies have been excluded. Objectives: The aim of this study was to create an evidence-based checklist for researchers and clinicians to use for the diagnosis of AKP. Methods: A systematic review was conducted in July 2016, and an evidence-based checklist was created based on the subjective and objective findings most commonly used to diagnose AKP. For the subjective factors, two or more of the systematic reviews needed to identify the factor as being important in the diagnosis of AKP. Results: Two systematic reviews, consisting of nine different diagnostic studies, were identified by our search methods. Diagnosis of AKP is based on the area of pain, age, duration of symptoms, common aggravating factors, manual palpation and exclusion of other pathologies. Of the functional tests, squatting demonstrated the highest sensitivity. Other useful tests include pain during stair climbing and prolonged sitting. The cluster of two out of three positive tests for squatting, isometric quadriceps contraction and palpation of the patella borders and the patella tilt test were also recommended as useful tests to include in the clinical assessment. Conclusion: A diagnostic checklist is useful as it provides a structured method for diagnosing AKP in a clinical setting. Research is needed to establish the causes of AKP as it is difficult to diagnose a condition with unknown aetiology.

  2. Clinical effect of knee osteoarthritis in elderly with total knee resurface replacement%全膝表面置换术治疗老年膝关节骨关节炎临床疗效

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    崔白日

    2016-01-01

    [目的]分析人工全膝关节表面置换治疗老年膝关节骨关节炎的临床效果。[方法]选择2003年3月~2008年7月我院收治的48例76膝晚期老年膝关节骨关节炎病例,均行全膝关节表面置换术,其中单膝关节置换20例,双膝关节置换28例,采用后稳定型假体,随访1~2年。[结果]所有患者采用HSS评分系统进行分析,优50膝,良16膝,可10膝,差异有显著性(P<0.05)。患者术后在疼痛、功能方面都有明显改善。[结论]全膝关节表面置换术对治疗晚期老年膝关节骨关节炎效果满意。正确的软组织松解及术后康复训练是手术治疗成功的关键。%Objective]To analyse the clinical effect of total knee resurface replacement treatment for knee osteoarthritis in elderly. [Method]From March 2003 to July 2008,48 patients with knee osteoarthritis in elderly (total 76 knees) were treated with total knee resurface replacement with posterior stability prosthesis.All patients were followed up for one to two year. [Result]HSS score system revealed that 50 knees were rated as excellent,16 knees as good and 10 knees as fair,there was significant difference (P<0.05).The postoperative pain and knee function were improved effectively.[Conclusion]A satisfactory function was gained for the advanced knee osteoarthritis in elderly with total knee resurface replacement.Proper released soft tissue and reasonable postoperative exercise are crucial.

  3. [Influence of tibial component slope on short-term clinical outcome for Oxford unicompartmental knee arthroplasty].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ma, L Y; Guo, W S; Zhang, Q D

    2017-06-01

    Objective: To investigate the effects of tibial component slope change after microplasty (MP) Oxford unicompartmental knee arthroplasty (UKA) on short-term clinical outcome. Methods: A total of 116 patients(128 UKAs)underwent UKA in Department of Orthopaedic Surgery of China-Japan Friendship Hospital between January 2014 and December 2015 were retrospectively reviewed. Totally 100 patients (108 UKAs) were finally included in the study. There were 31 males and 69 females, aging from 47 to 90 years (mean 67.2 years). The mean height was (161.9±8.4) cm and the mean body mass index (BMI) was (26.2±3.3) kg/m(2). The posterior tibial slope (PTS) at preoperative and postoperative were measured on the lateral radiograph. The postoperative PTS were divided into five groups (9°). The Oxford Knee Score (OKS) was recorded. Pearson correlation analysis, ANOVA and t test were used to analyze data. Results: All operations were successfully accomplished and there were no transfusion, infection, thrombus and other complications. There was 1 patient accepted revision because of bearing dislocation. Compared to preoperative, the PTS decreased (6.5°±2.2° vs.9.6°±3.4°) postoperative, there was statistical difference (t=9.053, P<0.01). Only 3 patients were beyond the recommended range (2° to 12°). A total of 82 patients (86 UKAs) were followed up. The follow-up time was 1 to 2.9 years (mean 2 years). The OKS was 43.0±4.1 (mean 31 to 48). The PTS increased in 12 patients (12 UKAs) postoperative, the mean OKS was 40.5±5.2. The PTS decreased in 70 patients (74 UKAs), the mean OKS was 43.4±3.8. There were significant difference in OKS (t=2.347, P=0.021). There were no significant difference in OKS between the five groups. There were positive correlation between postoperative PTS and preoperative PTS (r=0.201, 95%CI: 0.001 to 0.396, P=0.037), there were no correlations between postoperative PTS and hight and BMI. There were negative correlations between OKS and postoperative

  4. Is Day of Surgery Associated With Adverse Clinical and Economic Outcomes Following Primary Total Knee Arthroplasty?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Boylan, Matthew R; Perfetti, Dean C; Naziri, Qais; Maheshwari, Aditya V; Paulino, Carl B; Mont, Michael A

    2017-08-01

    As orthopedics transition to value-based purchasing, hospitals and providers are incentivized to identify inefficiencies of care delivery. In our experience, weekends are characterized by decreased staffing of ancillary services to coordinate patient discharges, which can lead to prolonged hospital stays for many of our primary total knee arthroplasty (TKA) admissions. We identified 115,053 patients who underwent primary TKA on a weekday between 2009 and 2013 in New York State. We used mixed effects regression models to compare length of stay (LOS), 90-day readmission, and cost according to the day of TKA. Mean LOS was significantly higher for surgeries performed on Wednesday (P < .001), Thursday (P < .001), and Friday (P < .001). There was no significant difference in 90-day readmission risk according to day of surgery. Mean cost was significantly higher for surgeries performed on Wednesday (P < .001), Thursday (P < .001), and Friday (P < .001). When LOS was held constant across every day of the week, the mean cost of TKA decreased by $247 for Wednesday, $627 for Thursday, and $394 for Friday. Primary TKA performed later in the week is associated with an increased LOS and increased costs of admission, but a similar risk of 90-day readmission. Preferential scheduling of primary TKA cases early in the week, as well as the development of standardized clinical care pathways with appropriate weekend staffing of social work and rehabilitation services, could help to decrease the daily variation in LOS and increase the value of TKA episodes. Copyright © 2017 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

  5. Clinical significance of subchondral cortical signal intensities in osteoarthritis of knee joints

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Nakamura, Eijiro; Torisu, Takehiko; Nakamura, Taro; Masumi, Shogo [Oita Medical Univ., Hazama (Japan); Tomari, Kazuhide; Asao, Tunenori; Takagi, Kazuhiro

    1996-09-01

    The purpose of this study was to evaluate the abnormal intensity in medial femoral condyle on MR imaging in patients with osteoarthritis of the knee. Eighty knees of fifty-eight patients with osteoarthritis of the knee were underwent plain radiography and MR imaging. According to the extension of the abnormal low intensity on T{sub 1} weighted images in medial femoral chondyle, all cases were classified into four types (no exist: 30.0%, small: 30.0%, middle: 30.0%, large: 10.0%). The extension of the abnormal low intensity was closely related to radiographic stage and femoral tibial angle. After radiological examination, in thirteen knees, the biopsy of the abnormal low intensity area on T{sub 1} weighted MR imaging was performed at the time of total knee arthroplasty. Pathological examination revealed that the causative factor of abnormal low intensity on T{sub 1} weighted MR imaging in the medial femoral condyle was trabecular hypertrophy. Our results suggest that the abnormal low intensity on T{sub 1} weighted MR imaging reflects the loading force. (author)

  6. The Role of Botulinum Toxin Type A in the Clinical Management of Refractory Anterior Knee Pain.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Singer, Barbara J; Silbert, Benjamin I; Silbert, Peter L; Singer, Kevin P

    2015-08-25

    Anterior knee pain is a highly prevalent condition affecting largely young to middle aged adults. Symptoms can recur in more than two thirds of cases, often resulting in activity limitation and reduced participation in employment and recreational pursuits. Persistent anterior knee pain is difficult to treat and many individuals eventually consider a surgical intervention. Evidence for long term benefit of most conservative treatments or surgical approaches is currently lacking. Injection of Botulinum toxin type A to the distal region of vastus lateralis muscle causes a short term functional "denervation" which moderates the influence of vastus lateralis muscle on the knee extensor mechanism and increases the relative contribution of the vastus medialis muscle. Initial data suggest that, compared with other interventions for anterior knee pain, Botulinum toxin type A injection, in combination with an active exercise programme, can lead to sustained relief of symptoms, reduced health care utilisation and increased activity participation. The procedure is less invasive than surgical intervention, relatively easy to perform, and is time- and cost-effective. Further studies, including larger randomized placebo-controlled trials, are required to confirm the effectiveness of Botulinum toxin type A injection for anterior knee pain and to elaborate the possible mechanisms underpinning pain and symptom relief.

  7. Effect of Dexmedetomidine on Postoperative Pain in Knee Arthroscopic Surgery; a Randomized Controlled Clinical Trial

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mohammad Alipour

    2014-03-01

    Full Text Available knee surgery. The purpose of this study was to assess the analgesic effects of intra-articular injection of a dexmedetomidine following knee arthroscopy. Methods:   Forty six patients schadualed for arthroscopic knee surgery under general anaesthesia, were randomly devided into two groups. Intervention group received 1μg/kg dexmedetomidine (D and isotonic saline. Control group received 25ml isotonic saline (P. Analgesic effects were evaluated by measuring pain intensity (VAS scores and duration of analgesia. Results:   There was no significant difference between the two groups in terms of age, sex and weight. The mean of post-operation pain severity in 1, 3, 6,12, and 24 h was significantly lower in the intervention group (D in comparison with the control group (P. the mean of the total dose of tramadol consumption was significantly lower in the interven   tion group in comparison with the control group (   P

  8. Clinical Observation on Treatment of 60 Cases of Osteoarthritis of Knee Joint by Electroacupuncture

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    DAI Qi-ping; QIU Min-lei; SHAO ping; HU dong; WU Xue-fei

    2003-01-01

    Purpose To observe therapeutic effect of electroacupuncture Neixiyan (Ex-LE 4 ) and Dubi (ST 35) in treating osteoarthritis of knee joint. Method All the 120 cases were randomly divided into electroacupuncture and control groups, 60 cases in each group,and they were given electroacupuncture and Ritalin slowreleased tablet respectively, and pain, mobility and swelling degree of knee joint were observed before and after treatments. Results In treatment group, the average score increased by 18, while in control group, it increased by 12.33 ( P < 0. 05 ) after treatment. Conclusion Therapeutic effect of electroacupuncture Neixiyan (Ex-LE 4) and Dubi (ST 35) in treating osteoarthritis of knee joint was better than that of administration of Ritalin slow-released tablet.

  9. Weight satisfaction, management strategies and health beliefs in knee osteoarthritis patients attending an outpatient clinic.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ekram, A R M S; Cicuttini, F M; Teichtahl, A J; Crammond, B R; Lombard, C B; Liew, S M; Urquhart, D M; Wluka, A E

    2016-04-01

    Although weight control is important in managing knee osteoarthritis (OA), it is difficult to achieve. Understanding beliefs regarding weight management in people with knee OA may improve weight control. To examine differences in bodyweight satisfaction, weight management strategies and weight-related health-beliefs in obese, overweight and normal weight people with knee OA. The beliefs and attitudes to weight in 102 people with symptomatic knee OA were ascertained. Participants were classified as being obese, overweight or of normal weight. Although obese and overweight participants were less satisfied with their bodyweight, they were more likely to want to lose weight and to report dieting compared with normal weight participants(P weight gain in the past 6 months (P weight participants (P = 0.04). When asked about their own weight gain, obese participants more frequently believed genetic and metabolic factors to be important than normal and overweight participants (P = 0.01). While 51 (53%) believed that increasing activity was more important than dietary change to avoid weight gain, this was more commonly believed by obese and overweight participants (P weight, obese people with symptomatic knee OA more commonly reported weight gain. Overweight and obese participants attributed weight gain to non-modifiable factors but believed physical activity is more important than dietary change in weight management. Thus, education regarding the importance of diet as compared with non-modifiable factors and physical activity may improve weight management in obese people with knee OA. © 2016 Royal Australasian College of Physicians.

  10. Clinical evaluation of a knee-ankle-foot-orthosis for hemiplegic patients.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Morinaka, Y; Matsuo, Y; Nojima, M; Morinaka, S

    1982-08-01

    The KAFO described provides hemiplegics with effective and dynamic ambulation, because of its light weight, easy application, reasonably located genucentric knee and ankle joints, together with the flexibility of thigh and lower leg cuffs and arch support. The flexibility of this orthosis permits proper torsion of thigh and lower leg cuff. After application of the KAFO, hemiplegics become able to extend or flex their hip or knee joints in a wide range of motion. As the result of these characteristics, hemiplegics can ambulate smoothly and effectively in the KAFO as described in the results and practical investigations.

  11. Clinical Study on the Treatment of Knee Osteoarthritis with Point Penetration Method of Long Needle

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    ZHANG Bi-meng; WU Yao-chi; ZHU Zhong-chun

    2003-01-01

    Objective: To compare the therapeutic effect of point penetration method of long needle and that of western drug in the treatment of knee osteoarthritis.Methods: The simple and randomized grouping method was used in present study. Results: The effective rate in the acupuncture group was 87.5%, and in the western drug group was 55.6%, the significant difference was found between two groups in the therapeutic effect (P<0.01). Conclusions: The therapeutic effect of point through point with long needle in the treatment of knee osteoarthritis was better than that of western drug.

  12. Characterization of knee osteoarthritis in Latin America. A comparative analysis of clinical and health care utilization in Argentina, Brazil, and Mexico.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Burgos-Vargas, Rubén; Cardiel, Mario H; Loyola-Sánchez, Adalberto; De Abreu, Mirhelen Mendes; Pons-Estel, Bernardo A; Rossignol, Michel; Avouac, Bernard; Ferraz, Marcos Bosi; Halhol, Hafid

    2014-01-01

    The burden of knee osteoarthritis (OA) in Latin America is unknown. To determine the demographic, clinical, and therapeutic characteristics of patients with OA in Argentina, Brazil, and Mexico. This is an observational, cross-sectional study of patients with symptomatic knee OA referred from first care medical centers to Rheumatology departments. We included 1210 patients (Argentina 398, Brazil 402, Mexico 410; mean age 61.8 [12] years; 80.8% females). Knee OA pain lasted for 69 months; the duration and severity of the last episode were 190 days and (SD 5.2 [3.3]; 74% had functional limitations, but very few patients lost their job because of knee OA. Around 71% had taken medications, but 63% relied on their own pocket to afford knee OA cost. Most demographic and clinical variables differed across countries, particularly the level of pain, disability, treatment, and access to care. The variable country of origin influenced the level of pain, disability, and NSAIDs use in logistic regression models; age, pain, treatment, and health care access influenced at least 2 of the models. The burden of knee OA in Latin American depends on demographic, clinical, and therapeutic variables. The role of such variables differs across countries. The level of certain variables is significantly influenced by country of origin and health care system. Copyright © 2013 Elsevier España, S.L. All rights reserved.

  13. Clinical application of rotating platform knee prosthesis in the total knee arthroplasty%旋转平台型假体在全膝关节置换术中的临床应用

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    孙西涛; 邢进峰; 季卫锋; 丁伟航

    2014-01-01

    Objective To research clinical application of rotating platform knee prosthesis Gemini MK II in the total knee arthroplasty. Methods From August 2010 to July 2013, 87 patients (106 knees) underwent total knee arthroplasty using rotating platform knee prosthesis Gemini MK II. The average ages of the cases were 65.3 years (52-81 years). The clinical results were evaluated by the HSS knee rating score system as well as X-ray films. Results The patients were followed up for mean 24.2 months (7~40 months). The pain caused by the illness of knee obviously alleviated and the function of knee significantly improved. The complications such as osteolysis around the prosthesis, prosthesis loos-ening and dislocation of meniscus bearings were not found. The HSS knee rating score was (51.5±9.7) before total knee arthroplasty, which improved to (87.3±6.4), The difference was significant(P<0.01). Conclusion There are satisfactory results in a short time for rotating platform knee prosthesis Gemini MK II in the total knee arthroplasty. A long term follow-up is obviously necessary to make more precise statement about the knee replacement system.%目的:探讨旋转平台型假体Gemini MK Ⅱ在全膝关节置换术中的临床应用及早期疗效。方法2010年8月~2013年7月采用旋转平台型膝关节假体Gemini MK Ⅱ对87例(106膝)病变膝关节行人工全膝关节表面置换术。患者年龄52~81岁,平均65.3岁,采用HSS膝关节评分系统和X线检查对临床效果进行评价。结果本组患者平均随访时间为24.2个月(7~40个月)。术后患者膝关节疼痛明显缓解或消失,关节功能得到改善。 X线检查未发现有骨溶解、假体松动或旋转衬垫脱位等并发症。 HSS评分由术前(51.5±9.7)分提高到术后(87.3±6.4)分,差异有统计学意义(P<0.01)。结论旋转平台型膝关节假体Gemini MKⅡ用于全膝关节置换术短期临床效果令人满意,其长期效果还需要进一步观察。

  14. Knee Problems

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... BMI Calculator myhealthfinder Immunization Schedules Nutrient Shortfall Questionnaire Knee ProblemsPain, swelling, stiffness and "water" on the knee are common symptoms. Follow this chart for more ...

  15. L-Carnitine supplementation improved clinical status without changing oxidative stress and lipid profile in women with knee osteoarthritis.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Malek Mahdavi, Aida; Mahdavi, Reza; Kolahi, Sousan; Zemestani, Maryam; Vatankhah, Amir-Mansour

    2015-08-01

    Considering the pathologic importance of oxidative stress and altered lipid metabolism in osteoarthritis (OA), this study aimed to investigate the effect of l-carnitine supplementation on oxidative stress, lipid profile, and clinical status in women with knee OA. We hypothesized that l-carnitine would improve clinical status by modulating serum oxidative stress and lipid profile. In this randomized double-blind, placebo-controlled trial, 72 overweight or obese women with mild to moderate knee OA were randomly allocated into 2 groups to receive 750 mg/d l-carnitine or placebo for 8 weeks. Dietary intake was evaluated using 24-hour recall for 3 days. Serum malondialdehyde (MDA), total antioxidant capacity (TAC) and lipid profile, visual analog scale for pain intensity, and patient global assessment of severity of disease were assessed before and after supplementation. Only 69 patients (33 in the l-carnitine group and 36 in the placebo group) completed the study. l-Carnitine supplementation resulted in significant reductions in serum MDA (2.46 ± 1.13 vs 2.16 ± 0.94 nmol/mL), total cholesterol (216.09 ± 34.54 vs 206.12 ± 39.74 mg/dL), and low-density lipoprotein cholesterol (129.45 ± 28.69 vs 122.05 ± 32.76 mg/dL) levels compared with baseline (P .05). No significant differences were observed in dietary intake, serum lipid profile, MDA, and TAC levels between groups after adjusting for baseline values and covariates (P > .05). There were significant intragroup and intergroup differences in pain intensity and patient global assessment of disease status after supplementation (P carnitine improved clinical status without changing oxidative stress and lipid profile significantly in women with knee OA.

  16. Effect of dexmedetomidine on postoperative pain in knee arthroscopic surgery; a randomized controlled clinical trial.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Alipour, Mohammad; Tabari, Masoomeh; Faz, Reza Farhadi; Makhmalbaf, Hadi; Salehi, Maryam; Moosavitekye, Seyed Mostafa

    2014-03-01

    Various drugs are administered intra-articularly to provide postoperative analgesia after arthroscopic knee surgery. The purpose of this study was to assess the analgesic effects of intra-articular injection of a dexmedetomidine following knee arthroscopy. Forty six patients scheduled for arthroscopic knee surgery under general anaesthesia, were randomly devided into two groups. Intervention group received 1µg/kg dexmedetomidine (D) and isotonic saline. Control group received 25ml isotonic saline (P). Analgesic effects were evaluated by measuring pain intensity (VAS scores) and duration of analgesia. There was no significant difference between the two groups in terms of age, sex and weight. The mean of post-operation pain severity in 1, 3, 6,12, and 24 h was significantly lower in the intervention group (D) in comparison with the control group (P). the mean of the total dose of tramadol consumption was significantly lower in the intervention group in comparison with the control group (PIntra-articular injection of dexmedetomidine at the end of arthroscopic knee surgery, alleviates the patients' pain, reducing the postoperative need for narcotics as analgesics, and increase the first analgesic request after operation.

  17. Clinical effects of lateral wedge arch support insoles in knee osteoarthritis: A prospective double-blind randomized study.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hsieh, Ru-Lan; Lee, Wen-Chung

    2016-07-01

    We compared the short-term efficacy of rigid versus soft lateral wedge arch support (LWAS) insoles for patients with knee osteoarthritis (OA), as assessed using the International Classification of Functioning, Disability and Health (ICF) system, through a prospective, double-blind, randomized controlled trial.Participants who fulfilled the combined radiographic and clinical criteria for knee OA, as defined by the American College of Rheumatology, were randomly prescribed 1 pair of rigid or soft LWAS insoles. Body functions and structures were evaluated according to Kellgren-Lawrence scores, the Foot Posture Index, Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale scores, the pain-pressure threshold, postural stability, dynamic balance, and fall risk; activities and participation were assessed according to 10-m fast speed walking, stair climbing and chair rising times, and Chronic Pain Grade questionnaire responses; and knee OA-related health status was evaluated using the Knee Injury and Osteoarthritis Outcome Score (KOOS). Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale scores, the pain-pressure threshold, physical activity, balance, Chronic Pain Grade questionnaire responses, and the KOOS were recorded before treatment and at 1-, 2-, and 3-month follow-ups.We enrolled 90 participants, 70 women and 20 men, with mean ages of 60.6 ± 10.8 and 63.1 ± 10.8 years in the rigid and soft LWAS insole groups, respectively. Repeated-measures analysis of covariance revealed significant time × group effect improvements in pain (P = 0.008 for the KOOS), stair ascent time (P = 0.003), daily living function (P = 0.003 for the KOOS), sports and recreation function (P = 0.012 for the KOOS), and quality of life (P = 0.021 for the KOOS) in the soft LWAS insole group.Patients with knee OA who used soft LWAS insoles for a short term showed more significant improvement than did those who used rigid LWAS insoles in pain, physical activity, daily living function, sports and recreation function

  18. Associations Between Clinical Evidence of Inflammation and Synovitis in Symptomatic Knee Osteoarthritis: A Cross-Sectional Substudy.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wallace, Gemma; Cro, Suzie; Doré, Caroline; King, Leonard; Kluzek, Stefan; Price, Andrew; Roemer, Frank; Guermazi, Ali; Keen, Richard; Arden, Nigel

    2017-09-01

    Painful knee osteoarthritis (KOA) has been associated with joint inflammation. There is, however, little literature correlating signs of localized inflammation with contrast-enhanced (CE) magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) of synovium. This study examined the relationship between clinical and functional markers of localized knee inflammation and CE MRI-based synovial scores. Patients with symptomatic KOA were enrolled into the randomized, double-blind, Vitamin D Evaluation in Osteoarthritis (VIDEO) trial. In this cross-sectional substudy, associations between validated MRI-based semiquantitative synovial scores of the knee and the following markers of inflammation were investigated: self-reported pain and stiffness, effusion, warmth, joint line tenderness, erythrocyte sedimentation rate, radiographic severity, and functional ability tests. A total of 107 patients satisfied the inclusion criteria of complete data and were included in the analysis. Significant associations were found between the number of regions affected by synovitis and Western Ontario and McMaster Universities Osteoarthritis Index (WOMAC) pain, effusion, and joint line tenderness. Each additional region affected by synovitis was associated with an increase in WOMAC pain (1.82 [95% confidence interval (95% CI) 0.05, 3.58], P = 0.04), and the association with extent of medial synovitis was particularly strong (3.21 [95% CI 0.43, 5.99], P = 0.02). Extent of synovitis was positively associated with effusion (odds ratio 1.69 [95% CI 1.37, 2.08], P < 0.01) and negatively associated with joint line tenderness (relative risk 0.87 [95% CI 0.84, 0.90], P < 0.01). There is a strong positive association between synovitis and self-reported patient pain and clinically detectable effusion. Nonoperative treatments directed at management of inflammation and future trials targeting the synovial tissue for treating KOA should consider these 2 factors as potential inclusion criteria. © 2016, American

  19. Clinical investigation compared with the effects of the bee-venom Acupuncture on knee joint with osteoarthritis

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Wang Wu-Hao

    2001-12-01

    Full Text Available Objective: This study is designed to find out the effects of the Bee-Venom Acupuncture on knee joint with osteoarthritis. Methods: We are investigated that outpatients suffer from knee joint pain deciphered at the division of Acupuncture in Jaseng oriental medicine hospital from the 13, July 1999 to unti111, November 2000. We make an estimated of the score from both before or after its treatment about 70 cases of diagnostic patient with the osteoarthritis of knee joints by biochemical method and X-RAY analysis, we observed in the progress of symptoms. Results: These results found that sex distinction with a disease caused much more female than male at the ratio of I to 5.36 in the proportion of males to females, jobs is mainly ranked with a housewife and approximately 82.9% of cases before our hospital have ever treated at the other clinics or hospitals. On the hand, the distribution interval of a case history is mainly followed by disease in below 6 month, interval of the period-treatment is mainly gone within 3 month and frequency of treatment is examined into II to 15 times, more than 16 times and below 10 times, respectively. We are estimated with the score of functional barrier from both before or after its treatment against osteoarthritis' patients and produced in the usefulness from the totally point of fields except the aid-device after its treatment In summary, these results demonstrated that Bee Venom, Acupuncture enhanced more than 82.9% to the improvement of treatment and p<0.05 considered to be statistically significant. Conclusion: These results suggest that Bee-venom Acupuncture may be playa role in the significant usefulness and have need of actively application for the clinical trials against osteoarthritis' patients.

  20. Telephone Coaching to Enhance a Home-Based Physical Activity Program for Knee Osteoarthritis: A Randomized Clinical Trial.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bennell, Kim L; Campbell, Penny K; Egerton, Thorlene; Metcalf, Ben; Kasza, Jessica; Forbes, Andrew; Bills, Caroline; Gale, Janette; Harris, Anthony; Kolt, Gregory S; Bunker, Stephen J; Hunter, David J; Brand, Caroline A; Hinman, Rana S

    2017-01-01

    To investigate whether simultaneous telephone coaching improves the clinical effectiveness of a physiotherapist-prescribed home-based physical activity program for knee osteoarthritis (OA). A total of 168 inactive adults ages ≥50 years with knee pain on a numeric rating scale ≥4 (NRS; range 0-10) and knee OA were recruited from the community and randomly assigned to a physiotherapy (PT) and coaching group (n = 84) or PT-only (n = 84) group. All participants received five 30-minute consultations with a physiotherapist over 6 months for education, home exercise, and physical activity advice. PT+coaching participants also received 6-12 telephone coaching sessions by clinicians trained in behavioral-change support for exercise and physical activity. Primary outcomes were pain (NRS) and physical function (Western Ontario and McMaster Universities Osteoarthritis Index [WOMAC; score range 0-68]) at 6 months. Secondary outcomes were these same measures at 12 and 18 months, as well as physical activity, exercise adherence, other pain and function measures, and quality of life. Analyses were intent-to-treat with multiple imputation for missing data. A total of 142 (85%), 136 (81%), and 128 (76%) participants completed 6-, 12-, and 18-month measurements, respectively. The change in NRS pain (mean difference 0.4 unit [95% confidence interval (95% CI) -0.4, 1.3]) and in WOMAC function (1.8 [95% CI -1.9, 5.5]) did not differ between groups at 6 months, with both groups showing clinically relevant improvements. Some secondary outcomes related to physical activity and exercise behavior favored PT+coaching at 6 months but generally not at 12 or 18 months. There were no between-group differences in most other outcomes. The addition of simultaneous telephone coaching did not augment the pain and function benefits of a physiotherapist-prescribed home-based physical activity program. © 2016, American College of Rheumatology.

  1. Type rotating hinge knee replacement treatment knee bone tumor clinical curative effect analysis%旋转铰链型膝关节置换术治疗膝部骨肿瘤临床疗效分析

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    马伟; 于金华; 曲成明

    2015-01-01

    Objective Analysis of the rotating hinge knee replacement treatment of bone tumors of the knee clinical curative effect. Methods Randomly selected from February 2011 to February 2014 in our hospital USES the rotating hinge knee replacement treatment of bone tumors of the knee of 40 patients as the research object, follow-up and Enneking limb function in patients with postoperative scores, type analysis of rotating hinge knee arthroplasty clinical treatment effect for the treatment of bone tumors of the knee. Results 40 patients after treatment, 2 cases with numbness, dare not walk phenomenon, there are 3 cases of patients with wound infection;Through six months of follow-up, all patients with knee joint movement is good, does not appear when walking limp, and normal body no big difference;Enneking limb function score, at the upper tibia type line of rotating hinge knee arthroplasty patients score for optimal in 29 cases, the bottom line of femoral rotation hinged knee arthroplasty scores for 32 cases of patients, to X-ray examination, all patients were not present prosthesis loosening, sink, etc. Conclusion Type rotating hinge knee replacement treatment effect is good, the knee bone tumors is a good method for limb-salvage knee bone tumors.%目的:分析旋转铰链型膝关节置换术治疗膝部骨肿瘤临床疗效。方法随机选取2011年2月至2014年2月在我院采用旋转铰链型膝关节置换术治疗膝部骨肿瘤的40例患者作为研究对象,对术后患者进行随访和Enneking肢体功能评分,分析旋转铰链型膝关节置换术治疗膝部骨肿瘤的临床治疗效果。结果40例患者经过治疗后,有2例患者出现肢体麻木,不敢行走的现象,有3例肿患者出现伤口感染现象;通过6个月的随访,所有患者的膝关节运动良好,行走时未出现跛行状况,与正常肢体无大差异;Enneking肢体功能评分,在胫骨上端行旋转铰链型膝关节置换

  2. Large fresh osteochondral allografts of the knee: a systematic clinical and basic science review of the literature.

    Science.gov (United States)

    De Caro, Francesca; Bisicchia, Salvatore; Amendola, Annunziato; Ding, Lei

    2015-04-01

    The aim of this study was to conduct an updated review of the literature regarding the clinical and basic science knowledge on osteochondral allograft transplantation in the knee for the treatment of large defects. According to specific criteria, 2 investigators systematically reviewed the literature for clinical and basic science reports regarding osteochondral allograft transplantation; data were independently extracted, pooled, and analyzed. Clinical and functional outcomes, International Knee Documentation Committee and Western Ontario and McMaster Universities Osteoarthritis Index scores, return to sport, quality of life, and survivorship of the grafts were assessed from the clinical articles. Regarding the basic science articles, the effects of allograft storage time, temperature, and different storage media were assessed. Eleven articles reporting on clinical data and 14 articles reporting on basic science data (animal, cell, and biomechanical studies) were selected. The articles included in the review were not homogeneous, and different outcome measures were adopted. Overall excellent results were achieved, with improvement in all objective and subjective clinical scores, a high rate of return to sport, and a survivorship rate of 89% at 5 years. When multiple plugs were implanted, posterior grafts seemed to fail. Only 1 article compared fresh versus frozen grafts, with a greater improvement in scores in the frozen group. Cellular viability and number were reduced during storage, even at low temperatures; polyphenol from green tea and arbutin and higher temperatures favorably influenced cell viability of the cartilage during storage. On the other hand, the structural properties of the extracellular matrix were not influenced by the storage at low temperatures. Integration of the graft to the host was also important, and bony integration was usually achieved; however, on the cartilage side, integration was scant or did not occur, especially in the frozen

  3. Long-term clinical benefit and cost-effectiveness of an 8-week multimodal knee osteoarthritis management program incorporating intra-articular sodium hyaluronate (Hyalgan® injections

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Miller LE

    2017-05-01

    Full Text Available Larry E Miller,1 Michael J Sloniewsky,2 Thomas E Gibbons,3 Janice G Johnston,4 Kent D Vosler,4 Saad Nasir5 1Miller Scientific Consulting, Inc., Asheville, NC, 2RMG Holding, Inc., Florence, 3Doctors Care, PA, Columbia, SC, 4Arrowhead Health Centers, Glendale, AZ, 5Fidia Pharma USA Inc., Parsippany, NJ, USA Background: Given the poor long-term effectiveness of focused nonsurgical knee osteoarthritis (OA treatments, alternative therapies are needed for patients who have unsuccessfully exhausted nonsurgical options.Methods: A telephone interview was conducted in patients who participated in a single 8-week multimodal knee OA treatment program (mean follow-up: 3.7 years, range: 2.7–4.9 years. The program consisted of five intra-articular knee injections of sodium hyaluronate (Hyalgan®, with each injection given 1 week apart, structured physical therapy, knee bracing, and patient education. Clinical outcomes included knee pain severity, Western Ontario and McMaster Universities Osteoarthritis Index (WOMAC subscores, current medication use, and history of total knee arthroplasty. Base-case, subgroup, and sensitivity analyses were conducted to determine the incremental cost-effectiveness ratio (ICER of the treatment program with comparisons made to historical literature controls undergoing usual care. Results: A total of 218 patients (54% provided long-term follow-up data. Knee pain severity decreased 60% and WOMAC subscores decreased 33%–42% compared to baseline (all p<0.001. Total knee arthroplasty was performed in 22.8% (81/356 of knees during follow-up. The treatment program was highly cost-effective compared to usual care with a base-case ICER of $6,000 per quality-adjusted life year (QALY. Results of subgroup analyses, one-way deterministic sensitivity analyses, and second-order probabilistic sensitivity analyses resulted in ICERs ranging from $3,996 to $10,493 per QALY. The percentage of simulations with an ICER below willingness

  4. Knee Bursitis

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... make a diagnosis of knee bursitis during a physical exam. Your doctor will inspect your knee by: Comparing the condition of both knees, particularly if only one is painful Gently pressing on different areas of your knee to detect warmth, swelling and the source of pain Carefully moving ...

  5. 旋转铰链膝假体在全膝关节置换翻修术后的临床效果%Clinical results of rotating hinged knee prosthesis in total knee arthroplasty revison

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    黄菲; 郑秋坚

    2016-01-01

    Objective To explore the clinical results of rotating hinged knee prosthesis in total knee arthroplasty ( TKA) revision. Methods A retrospective analysis was carried out on the clinical data of 10 patients ( 10 knees ) with severe knee deformity from department of orthopedics , Guangdong General Hospital .These patients received rotating hinged knee prosthesis for total knee arthroplasty revison because of aseptic loosening or infection and were followed up between October 2008 and May 2013.All the cases adopted first-stage revision or debridement and the home-made antibiotic polymethyl methacrylate ( PMMA) were used in the first stage treatment; the rotating hinged knee prosthesis was used in the second-stage revision.The patients were followed up after the revision , and evaluated by hospital for special surgery ( HSS) knee score and range of motion . Results The patients were followed up from 2 to 57 months with an average time of 29 months.All the ten cases healed well without lower limb phlebothrombosis or pulmonary infection . Clinical evaluation showed that the mean HSS knee score improved from 37 points preoperatively to 85 points postoperatively , and the mean range of motion increased from 65°to 93°. Conclusion In this study the knee function could be improved by the rotating hinged knee prosthesis than other prostheses .%目的:探讨使用旋转铰链膝假体进行全膝关节置换( TKA)术后翻修的临床效果。方法回顾性分析2008年10月至2013年5月,广东省人民医院骨科行人工TKA术后翻修且进行随访的重度膝关节畸形患者,其中采用旋转铰链型膝关节假体为10例(10膝)。收治的10例(10膝) TKA术后因假体松动或膝关节感染而需行全膝关节翻修的患者,采用一期翻修或一期清创加自制含抗生素骨水泥植入,可旋转绞链膝假体二期翻修方法治疗。术后进行随访并采用膝关节协会评分(HSS)及膝关节活动度评估膝关节

  6. Clinical application of skeletal scintigraphy and quantitative computed tomography (QCT) to osteoarthritis of the knee

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Mori, Muneshige (Prefectural Tajimi Hospital, Gifu (Japan))

    1989-10-01

    Skeletal scintigraphy and QCT were performed to determine changes of subchondral bone tissues in osteoarthritis of the knee and findings were compared with plain X-ray findings, knee pain and femoro-tibial angle. Results on blood pool study were especially related to pain. Results in delayed study using single photon emission computed tomography revealed hign uptake on the medial side of the femur and tibia parallel to plain X-ray and pain. The QCT value was slightly decreased as osteoarthritic changes progressed without a significant change. In addition, delayed study in cases with previous surgical intervention by high tibial osteotomy revealed a lower uptake on the medial side of the femur and tibia. When skeletal scintigraphy accurately reflects blood flow through the subchondral bone tissues and is closely related to morbidity and pain, this modality is valuable in analysis of signs and symptoms as well as postoperative outcome. (author).

  7. Clinical research on abdominal acupuncture plus conventional acupuncture for knee osteoarthritis

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Meng, Chang-rong; Fan, Li; Fu, Wen-bin

    2009-01-01

    OBJECTIVE: To probe the therapeutic effect of abdominal acupuncture plus conventional acupuncture on knee osteoarthritis. METHODS: PEMS3.1 software was used. The 105 patients with knee osteoarthritis were randomly divided into an abdominal acupuncture group, a conventional acupuncture group...... and a combined group (abdominal acupuncture plus conventional acupuncture). For the abdominal acupuncture group, the abdominal acupuncture was performed at Zhongwan (CV 12), Guanyuan (CV 4), Wailing (ST 26), Daheng (SP 15), Lower Rheumatism point and Qipang with needles retained for 30 minutes....... For the conventional acupuncture group, the acupuncture was practiced at Neixiyan (EX-LE4) and Dubi (ST 35) of the affected limb, Yanglingquan (GB 34), Liangqiu (ST 34), Xuehai (SP 10) and Xiyangguan (GB 33). For the combined group, both methods were applied. Treatment was given once a day, 6 times a week, for 4 weeks...

  8. Arnica montana gel in osteoarthritis of the knee: an open, multicenter clinical trial.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Knuesel, Otto; Weber, Michel; Suter, Andy

    2002-01-01

    This open multicenter trial investigated the safety and efficacy of an Arnica montana fresh plant gel, applied twice daily, in 26 men and 53 women with mild to moderate osteoarthritis (OA) of the knee. After 3 and 6 weeks, significant decreases in median total scores on the Western Ontario and McMaster Universities Osteoarthritis Index (WOMAC) were evident in the intention-to-treat and per-protocol populations (both P < .0001). Scores on the pain, stiffness, and function subscales also showed significant reductions at these timepoints. The overall local adverse-event rate of 7.6% included only one allergic reaction. Sixty-nine patients (87%) rated the tolerability of the gel as "good" or "fairly good," and 76% would use it again. Topical application of Arnica montana gel for 6 weeks was a safe, well-tolerated, and effective treatment of mild to moderate OA of the knee.

  9. The clinical comparison of simultaneous bilateral total knee arthroplasty in treatment of osteoarthritis

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Jun Hu; Dunming Guo; Zheng Lü; Jie Liu; Xialin Yu; Zhongnan Zhang

    2008-01-01

    Objective: To evaluate the risk and efficacy of simultaneous bilateral total knee arthroplasty(TKA) in treatment of osteoarthritis when compared with sequential bilateral TKA and unilateral TKA. Methods:A retrospective analysis was performed on 162 patients who underwent TKA from 2003 to 2006. The analyses were adjusted for demographics, preexisting medical conditions, and osteoarthritis diagnosis. Results:Patients undergoing simultaneous bilateral TKA had significantly lower amounts of blood loss, shorter surgical time, shorter hospitalization time, less hospital charges and lower rates of perioperative complications compared with patients undergoing sequential bilateral TKA. No significant difference was found with regard to postoperative complications between the simultaneous bilateral and the unilateral TKA groups. Patient's knee range of motion and the postoperative Hospital for Special Surgery scores(HSS) were similar for the three groups. Conclusion:When there arc adequate indications for bilateral TKA, simultaneous bilateral TKA is beneficial to patients compared with sequential bilateral or unilateral TKA.

  10. The Impact of Demographic, Clinical, Symptom and Psychological Characteristics on the Trajectories of Acute Postoperative Pain After Total Knee Arthroplasty

    Science.gov (United States)

    Miaskowski, Christine; Rustøen, Tone; Rosseland, Leiv Arne; Paul, Steven M.; Cooper, Bruce A.; Lerdal, Anners

    2017-01-01

    Objective. Total knee arthroplasty is a painful procedure. No studies have evaluated modifiable predictors of acute postoperative pain trajectories during hospitalization. Methods. Consecutive patients (N = 188) were enrolled in a longitudinal cohort study and completed a demographic questionnaire, as well as the Brief Pain Inventory, Hospital Depression and Anxiety Scale, Lee Fatigue Scale, Fatigue Severity Scale, and Brief Illness Perception Questionnaire on the day before surgery. Clinical data were extracted from medical records. Setting and Patients. Each patient completed a pain diary that assessed pain at rest and with activity, and hours per day in pain every evening from day of surgery until postoperative day 3. Using hierarchical linear modeling, we investigated which demographic, clinical, symptom, and psychological characteristics predicted initial levels as well as the trajectories of acute pain at rest and with activity, and hours per day in pain. Results. Higher levels of all three acute pain characteristics on the day of surgery resulted in worse trajectories. Higher pain scores with rest and with activity on the day of surgery were associated with more days with femoral block, higher average dose of opioids, and higher emotional response to osteoarthritis. Higher number of comorbidities, higher average dose of opioids, and lower perceived control predicted more hours per day in pain on the day of surgery. Conclusions. This study identified several potentially modifiable predictors of worsening pain trajectories following total knee arthroplasty. Optimal pain management warrants identification of these high-risk patients and treatment of modifiable risk factors. PMID:27165969

  11. THE EFFICACY AND SAFETY OF CARMOLIS GEL IN THE COMBINATION THERAPY OF KNEE OSTEOARTHRITIS: RESULTS OF A MULTICENTER CLINICAL TRIAL

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    I. N. Denisov

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available Osteoarthritis (OA is one of the most common rheumatic diseases. Knee OA is particularly frequently encountered among all forms of OA, the prevalence of knee OA being about 25% in the general population. Despite multiple guidelines for the management of knee OA, which have been prepared by the European League Against Rheumatism (EULAR, the American College of Rheumatology (ACR, and the Osteoarthritis Research Society International (OARSI, many problems of its treatment policy remain to be solved. The same holds true for not only the symptomatic and disease-modifying effects of chondroprotectors, but also topical therapy options.Objective: to evaluate the clinical efficacy and safety of Carmolis gel in patients with knee OA.Subjects and methods.The trial included 280 patients with knee OA (a study group consisted of 190 patents; a control group comprised 90 patients. The mean age was 58.3±9.3 years in the study group and 59±10.5 years in the control group. The disease duration was 10.3±5.5 and 10.1±4.1 years, respectively. Carmolis gel was applied to the region of the most painful knee joint up to 4–5 times daily, followed by massage of this skin area. The treatment cycle lasted for 2 weeks. No therapy was performed in the control patients. The clinical efficacy was determined by the changes in joint pains at rest or on movement and palpation, according to a visual analogue scale (VAS, WOMAC questionnaire, the synovitis intensity (assessed by ultrasonography, patient and physician global assessments of disease activity (Likert scale, and the possibility of reducing the daily dosage of nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs. The onset the therapeutic effect of the gel and the duration of its action were recorded.Results and discussion. The topical application of Carmolis gel caused a statistically significant reduction in joint pain at rest and on movement from 57.7±6.8 to 12±1.8 mm (р < 0.01 and from 52±5.3 to 17±2.7 mm

  12. A COMPARATIVE CLINICAL STUDY OF INTRAARTICULAR CLONIDINE V/S DEXMEDETOMIDINE IN ARTHROSCOPIC KNEE SURGERIES (ACL REPAIR FOR POSTOPERATIVE ANALGESIA

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Basavaraj Patil

    2016-07-01

    Full Text Available BACKGROUND Both clonidine and dexmedetomidine morphine (Both a2 agonists provide enhanced patient analgesia after arthroscopic knee surgeries when administered via intraarticular route. OBJECTIVES To compare the duration of post-operative analgesia of clonidine and dexmedetomidine when administered intraarticularly as well as haemodynamic stability after arthroscopic knee surgeries. METHODOLOGY This is a randomized trial study involving 40 pts. of ASA grade 1 and 2 of aged between 18 and 60 yrs. Patients were divided randomly into two groups as group C (n=20 and group D (n=20. After arthroscopic knee surgeries, postoperative pain was measured by VAS score at 0, 30 mins, 60 mins, 90 mins, 120 mins and then every 2 hrly up to 24 hrs. Side effects and vital signs were also noted. Duration of analgesia was noted in each case as when VAS score ≥3. RESULTS Mean duration of analgesia in postoperative period in group D was 18.4 hrs. ± 4.95 and in group C 15.1 hrs. ± 2.71. Differences in duration of analgesia was statistically significant (P<0.05 when compared by student ‘t’ test. VAS scores were also lower in group D compared to group at 6, 8, 10, 12, 14, 16, 18, 20, 22, 24 hrs. postoperative period. No major side effects were noted in both groups in dosages used. CONCLUSION Dexmedetomidine produced more prolonged post-operative analgesia (mean 18.4 hrs. than clonidine (mean 15.1 hrs., which is statistically significant (P<0.05. No major side effects were noted in both groups in clinically used dosages.

  13. Intra-articular morphine versus bupivacaine for knee motion among patients with osteoarthritis: randomized double-blind clinical trial

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Miriam Bellini Gazi

    Full Text Available CONTEXT AND OBJECTIVE: Osteoarthritis causes pain and disability in a high percentage of elderly people. The aim of the present study was to assess the efficacy of intra-articular morphine and bupivacaine on the joint flexion and extension angles of patients with knee osteoarthritis. DESIGN AND SETTING: A randomized double-blind study was performed at a pain clinic of Universidade Federal de São Paulo. METHODS: Thirty-nine patients with pain for more than three months, of intensity greater than three on a numerical scale (zero to 10, were included. G1 patients received 1 mg (1 ml of morphine diluted in 9 ml of saline, intra-articularly, and G2 patients received 25 mg (10 ml of 0.25% bupivacaine without epinephrine. Pain was assessed on a numerical scale and knee flexion and extension angles were measured after administration of the drugs at rest and during movement. The total amount of analgesic supplementation using 500 mg doses of paracetamol was also determined. RESULTS: No significant difference in pain intensity was observed between G1 and G2. Significant decreases in pain at rest and during movement and significant increases in mean flexion and extension angles were observed in both groups, with no significant difference between the two groups. The mean total amount of paracetamol used over a seven-day period was 3578 mg in G1 and 5333 mg in G2 (P = 0.2355; Mann-Whitney test. CONCLUSION: The analgesic effects of 1 mg of morphine and 25 mg of 0.25% bupivacaine were similar among patients with osteoarthritis of the knee.

  14. Dashboard (in the) knee

    National Research Council Canada - National Science Library

    Patel, M S; Qureshi, A A; Green, T P

    2015-01-01

    We present the case of a 19-year-old individual presenting to an orthopaedic outpatient clinic several months following a dashboard knee injury during a road traffic accident with intermittent mechanical symptoms...

  15. The influence of tibial resection on the PCL in PCL-retaining total knee arthroplasty: A clinical and cadaveric study.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Onishi, Yoshio; Hino, Kazunori; Watanabe, Seiji; Watamori, Kunihiko; Kutsuna, Tatsuhiko; Miura, Hiromasa

    2016-11-01

    The influence of tibial resection on the joint gap and on stability against posterior laxity in posterior cruciate ligament-retaining total knee arthroplasty (CR-TKA) remains unclear. In addition, there are no detailed reports regarding how much of the tibial attachment of the posterior cruciate ligament (PCL) is preserved during tibial resection. Our goals were to evaluate the influence of tibial resection on the intraoperative joint gap and on postoperative anteroposterior stability in a clinical population, and to assess the preserved area of the tibial PCL attachment using cadaveric knees. In 20 consecutive patients, the joint gaps before and after tibial resection at 90° flexion and full extension were analyzed during CR-TKA, and anteroposterior stability was evaluated postoperatively. In 11 cadaveric knees, tibial resection with a thickness of 8, 10, 12, or 14 mm and a posterior slope of 3, 4, 5, 6, or 7° was simulated using computed tomography images, and the percentage of the preserved area of the attachment was calculated. The flexion gaps before and after tibial resection were 18.1 ± 1.9 mm and 18.4 ± 2.2 mm, respectively, with no statistically significant difference (p = 0.08). Similarly, the extension gap did not increase significantly before and after tibial resection (20.8 ± 2.5 mm and 21.0 ± 2.6 mm; p = 0.45). All knees maintained anteroposterior stability at the follow-up period (32.0 ± 1.9 months). The posterior slope of the tibial resection was 5.9 ± 1.4°, and the thickness of the lateral tibial resection was 10.4 ± 1.1 mm. The cutoffs to preserve more than 50% of the attachment were 10-mm thickness and 5° slope. Our results showed that tibial resection did not influence the intraoperative joint gap or postoperative anteroposterior stability. However, our analysis demonstrated that increased amounts of tibial resection led to considerable damage to the attachment. Copyright © 2016 The Japanese Orthopaedic

  16. 旋转平台型膝关节假体置换治疗膝关节骨关节炎的疗效观察%Clinical experience of rotating - platform knee prothesis for the treatment of knee osteoarthritis

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    彭昊; 许顺恩; 方洪松; 黄磊; 刘超

    2011-01-01

    [Objective] To analyze the curative effect of rotating - platform knee prothesis for the treatment of knee osteoarthritis (OA) . [Methods] Since March 2007 to August 2008, A total of 37 patients (48 knees) were selected because of the disesse of severe OA. All the patients received the TKA using rotating - platform knee prothesis from Johnson & Johnson company of America. The clinical results of preoperation and postoperation were evaluated by the HSS knee rating score system and we compared the range of motion and monitored the complications. [ Results ] Only 32 patients (42 knees) were followed up for 10 months to 48 months ( mean 22. 6 months) . All incisions healed at one - stage and no dislocation occurred. One infection and one deep vein thrombosis were founded and were cured by taking some relative treatment The mean preoperative HSS of 43. 27 ( range, 37 - 46) improved to 87. 22 (range, 73 ~ 96) postopertively. The result of T chest was P < 0.01. The range of knee joint movement were 112° - 128°afte operation , higer than in preoperative time (40° ~90°) . [Conclusion] The short - term results of rotating - platform knee prothesis for the treatment of knee osteoarthritis are satisfactory. It is an effective method for the treatment of severe knee osteoarthritis.%[目的]观察采用旋转平台型膝关节假体置换治疗膝关节骨关节炎(osteoarthritis,OA)的疗效.[方法]回顾性分析2007年3月~2009年8月收治的37例(48膝)严重膝关节OA患者,采用旋转平台型膝关节假体(美国强生公司))进行全膝关节置换(total knee arthroplasty,TKA),比较术前术后患者患侧膝关节HSS评分及膝关节活动度,观察术后并发症.[结果]37例患者中32例(42膝)患者获得满意随访,随访时间为10~48个月,平均随访22.6个月,本组病例手术切口均一期愈合,未发生关节脱位.1例术后1个月发生皮下浅表感染,给予分层穿刺,敏感抗生素治疗;1例术后3 d静脉血栓形成,给予

  17. Duhuo Jisheng Tang for treating osteoarthritis of the knee: a prospective clinical observation

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Wang Jung-Der

    2007-03-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background Little scientific evidence supports the efficacy of herbal medicines in the treatment of degenerative arthritis of the knee. The purpose of this study is to evaluate both the efficacy and safety of a finished Chinese herbal preparation Duhuo Jisheng Tang (DJT in reducing symptoms of degenerative osteoarthritis of the knee. Methods A prospective follow-up study was carried out in two hospitals in Taipei between April and October 2005. Sixty-eight osteoarthritis patients, with symptoms diagnosed by radiologists, received DJT at a rate of 2.5 g, twice daily for four weeks. Baseline scores were measured on the Western Ontario and McMaster Universities Osteoarthritis (WOMAC index, followed by further measures at the end of weeks 1, 2 and 4. The World Health Organization Quality of Life (WHOQOL assessment was undertaken as a secondary outcome, with pattern identification questionnaires being adopted. Regression models were constructed to explore the score differences between the baseline and at weeks 2 and 4 by various determinants including age, gender, body mass index (BMI, severity at baseline, use of rescue medication, aversion to cold and flaccidity of the lower back and knees. Results Among the 68 participants, there were statistically significant reductions in the WOMAC index scores for pain, stiffness and physical functioning in the second and fourth weeks, with effects first appearing during week 2. By week 4, the mean WOMAC index scores had fallen from 22.2 (± 19.2 to 16.1 (± 16.2 for pain, from 28.1 (± 24.9 to 18.5 (± 20.3 for stiffness, and from 22.6 (± 18.0 to 18.2 (± 17.8 for physical functioning, while the global score for pain under the visual analogue scale (VAS was reduced from 38.7 (± 21.5 to 27.8 (± 19.8. Conclusion In the treatment of degenerative osteoarthritis of the knee, a 4-week therapy with the Chinese herbal preparation DJT reduced pain and stiffness and improved physical functioning, but it was

  18. The Clinical Utility and Diagnostic Performance of MRI for Identification of Early and Advanced Knee Osteoarthritis: A Systematic Review

    Science.gov (United States)

    Quatman, Carmen E.; Hettrich, Carolyn M.; Schmitt, Laura C.; Spindler, Kurt P.

    2013-01-01

    Background Current diagnostic strategies for detection of structural articular cartilage abnormalities, the earliest structural signs of osteoarthritis, often do not capture the condition until it is too far advanced for the most potential benefit of non-invasive interventions. Purpose Systematically review the literature relative to the following questions: (1) Is MRI a valid, sensitive, specific, accurate and reliable instrument to identify knee articular cartilage abnormalities compared to arthroscopy? (2) Is MRI a sensitive tool that can be utilized to identify early cartilage degeneration? Study Design Systematic Review Methods A systematic search was performed in November 2010 using PubMed MEDLINE (from 1966), CINAHL (from 1982), SPORTDiscus (from 1985), and SCOPUS (from 1996) databases. Results Fourteen level I and 13 level II studies were identified that met inclusion criteria and provided information related to diagnostic performance of MRI compared to arthroscopic evaluation. The diagnostic performance of MRI demonstrated a large range of sensitivities, specificities, and accuracies. The sensitivity for identifying articular cartilage abnormalities in the knee joint was reported between 26–96%. Specificity and accuracy was reported between 50–100% and 49–94%, respectively. The sensitivity, specificity, and accuracy for identifying early osteoarthritis were reported between 0–86%, 48–95%, and 5–94%, respectively. As a result of inconsistencies between imaging techniques and methodological shortcomings of many of the studies, a meta-analysis was not performed and it was difficult to fully synthesize the information to state firm conclusions about the diagnostic performance of MRI. Conclusions There is evidence in some MRI protocols that MRI is a relatively valid, sensitive, specific, accurate, and reliable clinical tool for identifying articular cartilage degeneration. Due to heterogeneity of MRI sequences it is not possible to make definitive

  19. Evaluation of the Clinical Efficacy of Artificial Total Knee Arthroplasty in the Treatment of Knee Osteoarthritis%人工膝关节置换术治疗膝关节骨性关节炎临床疗效评价

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    洪士东; 欧阳晓; 丁允知; 刘晓钟

    2015-01-01

    目的:评价人工膝关节置换术治疗膝关节骨性关节炎的临床疗效。方法随机选取该院自2010年1月—2015年3月收治的60例膝关节骨性关节炎患者作为观察对象,随机分成对照组与实验组,对照组患者与实验组患者各30例,对照组采用药物与运动疗法治疗,实验组采用人工膝关节置换术治疗,对比两组膝关节骨性关节炎患者治疗后的临床疗效。结果对照组的总有效率为70%,实验组的总有效率为90%,对照组膝关节骨性关节炎患者的临床疗效明显低于实验组,两组间临床疗效的差异有统计学意义(P<0.05)。结论人工膝关节置换术治疗膝关节骨性关节炎的临床疗效明显,值得临床推广。%Objective To evaluate the clinical efficacy of artificial total knee arthroplasty in the treatment of knee os-teoarthritis. Methods 60 cases with knee osteoarthritis admitted in our hospital from January 2010 to March 2015 were se-lected as the subjects and randomly divided into the control group and the experimental group with 30 cases in each. Pa-tients in the control group were treated by medication and cinesiotherapy, while those in the control group were treated by artificial total knee arthroplasty. And the clinical efficacy of the two groups was compared. Results The overall response rate was much higher in the experimental group than that in the control group(90%vs 70%) with statistically significant dif-ference (P<0.05). Conclusion Artificial total knee arthroplasty has significant effect in the treatment of knee osteoarthritis, which is worthy of clinical promotion.

  20. Effectiveness and cost-effectiveness of a health coaching intervention to improve the lifestyle of patients with knee osteoarthritis: cluster randomized clinical trial.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Carmona-Terés, Victoria; Lumillo-Gutiérrez, Iris; Jodar-Fernández, Lina; Rodriguez-Blanco, Teresa; Moix-Queraltó, Joanna; Pujol-Ribera, Enriqueta; Mas, Xavier; Batlle-Gualda, Enrique; Gobbo-Montoya, Milena; Berenguera, Anna

    2015-02-25

    The prevalence of osteoarthritis and knee osteoarthritis in the Spanish population is estimated at 17% and 10.2%, respectively. The clinical guidelines concur that the first line treatment for knee osteoarthritis should be non-pharmacological and include weight loss, physical activity and self-management of pain. Health Coaching has been defined as an intervention that facilitates the achievement of health improvement goals, the reduction of unhealthy lifestyles, the improvement of self-management for chronic conditions and quality of life enhancement. The aim of this study is to analyze the effectiveness, cost-effectiveness and cost-utility of a health coaching intervention on quality of life, pain, overweight and physical activity in patients from 18 primary care centres of Barcelona with knee osteoarthritis. Methodology from the Medical Research Council on developing complex interventions. Phase 1: Intervention modelling and operationalization through a qualitative, socioconstructivist study using theoretical sampling with 10 in-depth interviews to patients with knee osteoarthritis and 4 discussion groups of 8-12 primary care professionals, evaluated using a sociological discourse analysis. Phase 2: Effectiveness, cost-effectiveness and cost-utility study with a community-based randomized clinical trial. 360 patients with knee osteoarthritis (180 in each group). Randomization unit: Primary Care Centre. Intervention Group: will receive standard care plus 20-hour health coaching and follow-up sessions. will receive standard care. quality of life as measured by the WOMAC index. Data Analyses: will include standardized response mean and multilevel analysis of repeated measures. Economic analysis: based on cost-effectiveness and cost-utility measures. Phase 3: Evaluation of the intervention programme with a qualitative study. Methodology as in Phase 1. If the analyses show the cost-effectiveness and cost-utility of the intervention the results can be incorporated

  1. Effectiveness of diclofenac versus acetaminophen in primary care patients with knee osteoarthritis: [NTR1485], DIPA-Trial: design of a randomized clinical trial

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Bohnen Arthur M

    2010-01-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background Osteoarthritis is the most frequent chronic joint disease which causes pain and disability of especially hip and knee. According to international guidelines and the Dutch general practitioners guidelines for non-traumatic knee symptoms, acetaminophen should be the pain medication of first choice for osteoarthritis. However, of all prescribed pain medication in general practice, 90% consists of non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs compared to 10% of acetaminophen. Because general practitioners may lack evidence showing a similar efficacy of acetaminophen and non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs, we present the design of a randomized open-label trial to investigate the efficacy of a non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drug (diclofenac compared with acetaminophen in new consulters with knee osteoarthritis in general practice. Methods/Design Patients aged 45 years or older consulting their general practitioner with non-traumatic knee pain, meeting the clinical American College of Rheumatology criteria, and with a pain severity score of 2 or higher (on a 0-10 scale, will be randomly allocated to either diclofenac (maximum daily dose of 150 mg or acetaminophen (maximum daily dose of 3000 mg for 2 weeks and, if required, an additional 1-2 weeks, with a total follow-up period of 12 weeks. The primary outcomes are knee pain measured with a daily diary, and pain and function measured with the Knee Injury and Osteoarthritis Outcome Score (KOOS at baseline, and at 3, 6, 9, and 12-weeks follow-up. Secondary outcomes are patients' perceived recovery, quality of life, medical, patient, and productivity costs, compliance to therapy, co-interventions, and adverse reactions. Discussion The successful completion of this trial would lead to a better understanding of which medication should be used in the treatment of primary care patients with mild knee osteoarthritis. Trial registration Dutch trial registry NTR1485.

  2. Ambulatory measurement of the knee adduction moment in patients with osteoarthritis of the knee

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    van den Noort, J.C.; van der Esch, M.; Steultjens, M.P.M.; Dekker, J.; Schepers, H. Martin; Veltink, Petrus H.

    2013-01-01

    High knee joint-loading increases the risk and progression of knee osteoarthritis (OA). Mechanical loading on the knee is reflected in the external knee adduction moment (KAdM) that can be measured during gait with laboratory-based measurement systems. However, clinical application of these systems

  3. Ambulatory measurement of the knee adduction moment in patients with osteoarthritis of the knee

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Noort, van den J.C.; Esch, van der M.; Steultjens, M.P.M.; Dekker, J.; Schepers, H.M.; Veltink, P.H.

    2013-01-01

    High knee joint-loading increases the risk and progression of knee osteoarthritis (OA). Mechanical loading on the knee is reflected in the external knee adduction moment (KAdM) that can be measured during gait with laboratory-based measurement systems. However, clinical application of these systems

  4. Through-knee amputation for a patient with proximal femur focal deficiency and tibial hemimelia: surgical anatomy and clinical implications.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lloyd, Selvyn; Rashid, Abdul Halim Abd; Das, Srijit; Ibrahim, Sharaf

    2014-03-01

    Tibial hemimelia is a rare anomaly of unknown etiology. This condition can occur sporadically or may have a familial inheritance. It is characterized by deficiency of the tibia with a relatively intact fibula. The anomaly may be unilateral or bilateral. We report a case of a 2-year-old girl who presented with right lower limb deformity since birth. She was diagnosed with proximal femur focal deficiency with absence of the ipsilateral tibia. She presented with a shorter right lower limb and a deformed foot. She was treated with a through-knee amputation. Anatomical dissection of the amputated limb was carried out to verify the anomalies. The dissection showed that the distal phalanx of the great toe was trifid. The anatomical and clinical significance of this interesting case is discussed.

  5. Knee Injuries

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... bursitis . Symptoms of bursitis in the knee include warmth, tenderness, swelling, and pain on the front of ... injury without the aid of a television screen. Physical Therapy Depending on the type of knee injury ...

  6. Group Versus Individual Physical Therapy for Veterans With Knee Osteoarthritis: Randomized Clinical Trial.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Allen, Kelli D; Bongiorni, Dennis; Bosworth, Hayden B; Coffman, Cynthia J; Datta, Santanu K; Edelman, David; Hall, Katherine S; Lindquist, Jennifer H; Oddone, Eugene Z; Hoenig, Helen

    2016-05-01

    Efficient approaches are needed for delivering nonpharmacological interventions for management of knee osteoarthritis (OA). This trial compared group-based versus individual physical therapy interventions for management of knee OA. Three hundred twenty patients with knee OA at the VA Medical Center in Durham, North Carolina, (mean age=60 years, 88% male, 58% nonwhite) were randomly assigned to receive either the group intervention (group physical therapy; six 1-hour sessions, typically 8 participants per group) or the individual intervention (individual physical therapy; two 1-hour sessions). Both programs included instruction in home exercise, joint protection techniques, and individual physical therapist evaluation. The primary outcome measure was the Western Ontario and McMaster Universities Osteoarthritis Index (WOMAC; range=0-96, higher scores indicate worse symptoms), measured at baseline, 12 weeks, and 24 weeks. The secondary outcome measure was the Short Physical Performance Battery (SPPB; range=0-12, higher scores indicate better performance), measured at baseline and 12 weeks. Linear mixed models assessed the difference in WOMAC scores between arms. At 12 weeks, WOMAC scores were 2.7 points lower in the group physical therapy arm compared with the individual physical therapy arm (95% confidence interval [CI]=-5.9, 0.5; P=.10), indicating no between-group difference. At 24 weeks, WOMAC scores were 1.3 points lower in the group physical therapy arm compared with the individual physical therapy arm (95% CI=-4.6, 2.0; P=.44), indicating no significant between-group difference. At 12 weeks, SPPB scores were 0.1 points lower in the group physical therapy arm compared with the individual physical therapy arm (95% CI=-0.5, 0.2; P=.53), indicating no difference between groups. This study was conducted in one VA medical center. Outcome assessors were blinded, but participants and physical therapists were not blinded. Group physical therapy was not more effective

  7. The Clinical Effect of Platelet Rich Plasma Prepared Through Different Activation Methods on Patients with Knee Osteoarthritis

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Nevres Aydogan

    2016-11-01

    Full Text Available Aim: Intra-articular application of platelet rich plasma (PRP can be an alternative treatment method for knee osteoarthritis. The objective of this study was to compare the activation methods of platelet rich plasma before intra-articular application. Material and Method: A total 51 patients (76 knees was randomly selected into two groups. In group 1, activation of PRP was managed by adding calcium chloride (CaCl. In group 2, activation of PRP was managed by keeping the solution at -70° degrees for 24 hours after preparation and immersed in water at 37oC for a period of 5 minutes for complete dissolution. Then PRP was applied. The patients were assessed with VAS and WOMAC pain scores both baseline and after 2nd, 6th and 12th months of the treatment. Results: VAS and WOMAC pain scores were significantly higher at baseline compared to the results obtained at the 2nd, 6th and 12th months (p=0.06. Following 2nd, 6th and 12th months a gradual downward tendency was seen in both scores, even though no significant difference was found between the groups after 2nd, 6th and 12th months. Discussion: Patients received some clinical benefits from both activation methods. There is no significant difference between activating PRP by CaCl or -70°C which compared in terms of clinical benefits. Therefore, blood storage at -70ºC may be preferred primary due to no need for additional material such as CaCl.

  8. A randomized, controlled clinical trial comparing efficacy, safety and cost effectiveness of Lornoxicam with Diclofenac Sodium in patients of osteoarthritis knee

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Vishalkumar K. Vadgama

    2011-07-01

    Full Text Available Osteoarthritis is a chronic painful condition affecting larger joints; most commonly knee joint. Pharmacological control of pain is the mainstay of management of osteoarthritis. Many patientsfail to achieve satisfactory reduction in pain with one of the most commonly prescribed drugs, diclofenac sodium, even after maximum daily allowed doses. Lornoxicam is a newer molecule in the Indian market promising better pain relief in context of low back pain and post knee replacement surgery pain as compared to standard therapies. As per profile of lornoxicam, if it is better than diclofenac sodium then it will be helpful in managing the patients of osteoarthritis more effectively. Till date no comparative clinical trial has been done to compare these two drugs for the management of osteoarthritis knee. So, to evaluate the same we carried out this study to compare safety, efficacy and cost effectiveness of lornoxicam and diclofenac sodium in relieving pain in patients of osteoarthritis knee. This study is a randomized, open labeled, controlled clinical trial having 40 newly diagnosed patients with osteoarthritis knee. After random allocation into two groups i.e. group D and group L (each having 20 patients; group D received diclofenac sodium 50 mg 12 hourly and group L received lornoxicam 4 mg 8 hourly for a period of 3 months. All patients were assessed with visual analogue scale and 100 meter walking test before starting of therapy, at 15 days and at 1, 2 and 3 months of therapy. Adverse drug reactions and cost of therapy was monitored during the study period. Mean decrease in visual analogue scale and time of 100 meter walking test was statistically significant in lornoxicam group as compared to diclofenac sodium. Gastric irritation was reported in one patient from group L and two patients from group D. Lornoxicam significantly relieves pain of osteoarthritis knee than diclofenac sodium without adversely affecting the tolerability to the patients.

  9. Clinical effects of total knee arthroplasty in the treatment of ankylosed knee%全膝关节置换术治疗膝关节强直的临床研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    冷重光; 李忠强; 陈崇民; 刘灿祥; 赵江涛; 范树枫; 张红娜; 常鸣

    2008-01-01

    Objective To investigate the clinical effects of total knee arthroplasty in treatment ofankylosed knee caused by various reasons. Methods Four patients with 7 ankylosed knees, caused byankylosing spondylitis in 1 case, septic arthritis with bony ankylosis in 1 case, and rheumatoid arthritis in 2cases, underwent artificial knee replacement. Before the operation joint activity was 0°, Knee Society score(KSS) was 42 (11 - 63), and the function score was 17. Follow-up was conducted for 5 - 27months. Results Follow-up showed that the average joint activity was raised to 83° (60° - 110°) ,KSSscore to 83 (64 -91) points,and function score to 77 points. No infectious case was found. Conclusion Totalknee arthroplasty has a satisfactory effect in treatment of ankylosed knee. Computer assisted navigationsystem is helpful in femoro-tibial osteotomy and soft tissue balance. Individualized and directed rehabilitationis a pivotal factor.%目的 探讨各种原因引起膝关节强直采用人工全膝关节置换治疗的手术技巧和临床效果.方法 2005年2月至2007年3月对4例(7膝)膝关节强直的患者施行人工膝关节置换术,其中1例化脓性关节炎骨性强直,2例类风湿性关节炎,1例强直性脊柱炎.术前记录关节活动度均为0°,KSS评分平均为42分(11~63分),功能评分平均17分(0~45分).结果 术后随访5~27个月,术后平均活动度83°(60°~110°),KSS评分平均为83分(64~91分)功能评分平均77分(60~90分),感染例数为0.结论 人工全膝关节置换手术治疗膝关节强直近期随访取得满意疗效,计算机导航辅助下进行股骨胫骨的截骨和软组织松解平衡,术后个体化功能康复训练是关键因素.

  10. Rehabilitation Clinical Pathway for Knee Osteoarthritis%膝骨关节病康复临床路径

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    郭华; 王晓红; 何成奇

    2013-01-01

    卫生部下发《临床路径管理指导原则(试行)》(卫医管发[2009]99号)的通知,希望建立一套既能贯彻医院质量管理标准,又能节约资源的医疗标准化模式.为适应现代医学和康复医学发展的需要,采用康复临床路径对康复治疗进行规范,是非常重要的.四川大学华西医院康复医学科根据临床路径要求,于2011年制定了康复医学科膝骨关节病康复临床路径,希望通过临床试用,对路径的临床实用性、可行性进行探讨,并逐渐完善.%Ministry of Health of the People's Republic of China issued Management of Clinical Pathway Guidelines (Trial) (Medical and Health Management [2009] No. 99), hoping to build a set of medical standardization modes with the purpose of carrying out hospital quality management standard and saving the resource of medicine. In order to adapt to the development of modern medicine and rehabilitation medicine, it is very important to use clinical pathway on rehabilitation to standardize medical therapy. According to clinical pathway guidelines, the Department of Rehabilitation Medicine in West China Hospital of Sichuan University established the rehabilitation clinical pathway for knee osteoarthritis (2011 edition). We hope that this clinical pathway can be adopted in clinical practice and its practicability and feasibility can be improved gradually.

  11. Mid-Treatment Sleep Duration Predicts Clinically Significant Knee Osteoarthritis Pain reduction at 6 months: Effects From a Behavioral Sleep Medicine Clinical Trial.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Salwen, Jessica K; Smith, Michael T; Finan, Patrick H

    2017-02-01

    To determine the relative influence of sleep continuity (sleep efficiency, sleep onset latency, total sleep time [TST], and wake after sleep onset) on clinical pain outcomes within a trial of cognitive behavioral therapy for insomnia (CBT-I) for patients with comorbid knee osteoarthritis and insomnia. Secondary analyses were performed on data from 74 patients with comorbid insomnia and knee osteoarthritis who completed a randomized clinical trial of 8-session multicomponent CBT-I versus an active behavioral desensitization control condition (BD), including a 6-month follow-up assessment. Data used herein include daily diaries of sleep parameters, actigraphy data, and self-report questionnaires administered at specific time points. Patients who reported at least 30% improvement in self-reported pain from baseline to 6-month follow-up were considered responders (N = 31). Pain responders and nonresponders did not differ significantly at baseline across any sleep continuity measures. At mid-treatment, only TST predicted pain response via t tests and logistic regression, whereas other measures of sleep continuity were nonsignificant. Recursive partitioning analyses identified a minimum cut-point of 382 min of TST achieved at mid-treatment in order to best predict pain improvements 6-month posttreatment. Actigraphy results followed the same pattern as daily diary-based results. Clinically significant pain reductions in response to both CBT-I and BD were optimally predicted by achieving approximately 6.5 hr sleep duration by mid-treatment. Thus, tailoring interventions to increase TST early in treatment may be an effective strategy to promote long-term pain reductions. More comprehensive research on components of behavioral sleep medicine treatments that contribute to pain response is warranted.

  12. 微创人工膝关节单髁置换治疗膝骨性关节炎临床疗效分析%Clinical Efficacy Analysis of Minimally Invasive Unicondylar Knee Arthroplasty in the Treatment of Knee Osteoarthritis

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    金玉林; 张伟; 李小鹏

    2016-01-01

    Objective:To investigate the short-term clinical efficacy and surgical techniques of minimally invasive unicondylar knee arthroplasty in the treatment of knee osteoarthritis.Method:18 cases of severe lesions in the medial compartment of the knee joint osteoarthritis in our department were retrospective analyzed from April 2014 to March 2016.All patients were given minimally invasive unicondylar knee arthroplasty,the operation time, intraoperative blood loss,preoperative and postoperative hemoglobin levels,postoperative incision infection, knee joint prosthesis loosening,sinking,periprosthetic fracture,anterior knee pain,knee flexion and varus deformity correction were recorded.The function of knee joint was evaluated by HSS knee function score before and after operation.Result:All patients were followed up for 6-23 months,average 14.6 months.Medial knee pain relief,in addition to 1 case joint infection occurred,no cases of prosthesis loosening, sinking,periprosthetic fracture and anterior knee joint pain happen.Preoperative knee flexion angle of 100°-110°,postoperative of 120°-135°;preoperative varus angle of 0°-9° and postoperative was 0°-3°;preoperative HSS score were 70 points, postoperative were 93 points,good rate of 94%.The operative time was 60-100 min,average(82.00±5.62)min, intraoperative blood loss was 80-260 mL,average (150.00±40.67)mL,preoperative hemoglobin was 115-132 g/L,mean 124.3 g/L,postoperative was 106-127 g/L,average 118.2 g/L.Before and after operation, the patients of observation indexes were compared with each other,the differences were statistically significant (P<0.05).Conclusion:Minimally invasive knee unicondylar arthroplasty for knee joint medial compartment osteoarthritis patients with small surgical trauma,short operation time,less bleeding, postoperative recessive less blood loss,flexion contracture and deformity correction retained bone mass,less complication in strictly controlled use of indication,it is a good choice.%

  13. Effect of aromatherapy massage with lavender essential oil on pain in patients with osteoarthritis of the knee: A randomized controlled clinical trial.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Nasiri, Ahmad; Mahmodi, Mohammad Azim; Nobakht, Zohre

    2016-11-01

    Osteoarthritis of the knee is the most common chronic joint disease that involves middle aged and elderly people. The purpose of this study was to investigate the effect of aromatherapy massage with lavender essential oil on pain in patients with osteoarthritis of the knee. In this single-blinded, randomized clinical trial, 90 patients with osteoarthritis of the knee who referred to the outpatient rheumatology clinics affiliated with Birjand University of Medical Sciences were selected through convenience sampling method. They were randomly assigned to three groups: intervention (aromatherapy massage with lavender essential oil), placebo (massage with almond oil) and control (without massage). The patients were evaluated at baseline, immediately after the intervention, 1 week, and 4 weeks after the intervention in terms of pain via visual analogue scale. The data were analyzed in SPSS (version 16) using the repeated measure ANOVA, one-way ANOVA, and chi-squared test. Pain severity of the patients in the intervention group was significantly different immediately and 1 week after the intervention compared with their initial status (p massage with lavender essential oil was found effective in relieving pain in patients with knee osteoarthritis. However, further studies are needed to confirm findings of this study. Copyright © 2016 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

  14. Return to work after total hip and knee arthroplasty: results from a clinical study.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Tilbury, C; Leichtenberg, C S; Tordoir, R L; Holtslag, M J; Verdegaal, S H M; Kroon, H M; Nelissen, R G H H; Vliet Vlieland, T P M

    2015-12-01

    The aim of this study was to measure return to work and duration until return to work in patients undergoing total hip or knee arthroplasty (THA or TKA). This prospective study included patients under 65 years of age, undergoing THA or TKA, who provided information on their work status preoperatively (paid work yes/no and working hours) and 1 year thereafter (paid work yes/no, working hours and time until return to work). Seventy-one THA and 64 TKA patients had a paid job preoperatively. The employment rates 1 year postoperatively were 64/71 (90 %) after THA and 53/64 (83 %) after TKA. Of those who returned to work, 9/64 (14 %) of THA patients and 10/53 (19 %) of TKA patients worked less hours than preoperatively [mean decrease of 16 (SD 11.5) and 14 (SD 13.0) hours, respectively]. The mean time to return to work was 12.5 (SD 7.6) and 12.9 (SD 8.0) weeks in THA and TKA, respectively. The majority of working patients who underwent THA or TKA returned to work, after approximately 12 weeks. A considerable proportion of the patients returning to work worked less hours than preoperatively. More research into patients who do not return or decrease their working hours is needed.

  15. Clinical trial of {sup 166}Ho-CHICO in the treatment of rheumatoid knee synovitis

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Kim, S. Y.; Yoo, D. H.; Bae, S. C.; Lee, I. H.; Jung, S. S.; Jun, J. B.; Kim, T. H.; Kim, S. S. [Hanyang Univ., Seoul (Korea)

    2000-03-01

    The untreated, chronic synovial inflammation leads to pannus formation and eventual destruction of the articular cartilage. In cases where medical therapy was unsuccessful, surgical of radiation synovectomy over surgical synovectomy are (1) greater destruction of diseased synovium, (2) reduced Potential for blood clots and infection, (3) no requirement for anesthesia, and (4) less costly and less time consuming. Recently KAERI developed Dy-165 HMA, which was characterized by the absence of iron and a higher concentration of dysprosium. And then more recently KAERI also developed {sup 16H}o-CHICO, which was characterized by relatively longer half-life (26.8 hr), more biological due to organic nature of chitosan, more even spatial distribution due to colloidal solution, and more absorbable to synovium than Dy-165 HMA. These long-term follow-up results indicate that the {sup 166}Ho-CHICO is an effective and safe agent for radiation synovectomy for knee synovitis in patients with rheumatoid arthritis as well as the other chronic arthritides. But further large scaled and controlled study are required. 16 refs. (Author)

  16. Arthrography of the knee joint

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Keyl, W.; Jaeger, M.

    1981-10-01

    The standardized examination technique and the clinical problems of the arthrographic mehtod applied on the knee joint is explained by the results obtained in 3000 examinations. Whereas the accuracy of the knee-joint arthrography provides a high degree in cases of meniscus lesions, computer tomography presents in chondral and capsular ligament lesions, and sonography in popliteal cysts better diagnostic information; but in any case arthroscopy gains more and more importance in knee-joint diagnostics.

  17. Clinical efficacy of intra-articular injections in knee osteoarthritis: a prospective randomized study comparing hyaluronic acid and betamethasone

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Trueba Davalillo CA

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available Cesáreo Ángel Trueba Davalillo,1,2 Cesáreo Trueba Vasavilbaso,2 José Mario Navarrete Álvarez,2 Pilar Coronel Granado,3 Ozcar Alejandro García Jiménez,2 Mercedes Gimeno del Sol,3 Félix Gil Orbezo2 1School of Medicine (UNAM, México DF, Mexico; 2Orthopedic Service, Hospital Español de México, México DF, Mexico; 3Scientific Department, TEDEC-MEIJI FARMA,SA, Alcalá de Henares, Spain Background: Osteoarthritis (OA is the most common joint disease and leading cause of disability. Intra-articular (IA administration of hyaluronic acid (HA or corticosteroids (CS have been previously studied, though using insufficient number of patients or short follow-up periods.Objective: We evaluate HA and CS in patients with knee OA in terms of clinical efficacy over 12 months.Methods: We used a prospective, randomized study with parallel groups. Randomized patients received IA injections of HA or betamethasone (BM. The primary outcomes were improvement in pain using Visual Analog Scale and function in the Western Ontario and McMaster University Osteoarthritis Index (Likert scale. Follow-up visits were scheduled at 3 months, 6 months, 9 months, and 12 months.Results: A total of 200 patients were included. Pain was significantly reduced in both groups at the first follow-ups. At 12 months, the mean pain reduction in the HA group was 33.6% (95% CI: 31.1–36.1 compared to 8.2% (95% CI: 5.2–11.1 in BM (P<0.0001. Function improvement was higher in HA through every visit, and mean improvement at 12 months was 47.5% (95% CI: 45.6–49.3 in HA patients vs 13.2% (95% CI: 11.4–14.9 in the BM group (P<0.0001. All patients from both groups achieved the Minimal Clinically Important Improvement (MCII for both pain and function up to 6 months. At 9 months and 12 months, the MCII figures were higher in HA group with ≥80% compared to ≤10% in BM group (P<0.0001. Adverse reactions were rare and related to the administration procedure.Conclusion: Both treatments

  18. Prevalence of knee pain and knee OA in southern Sweden and the proportion that seeks medical care

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Turkiewicz, Aleksandra; Gerhardsson de Verdier, Maria; Engström, Gunnar;

    2015-01-01

    OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to estimate the prevalence of frequent knee pain in radiographic, symptomatic and clinically defined knee OA in middle-aged and elderly patients and the proportion that seeks medical care. METHODS: In 2007 a random sample of 10 000 56- to 84-year-old residents...... of Malmö, Sweden, were questioned about knee pain. We classified subjects reporting knee pain with a duration of at least 4 weeks as having frequent knee pain. A random sample of 1300 individuals with frequent knee pain and 650 without were invited for assessment by the ACR clinical knee OA criteria...... and for bilateral weight-bearing knee radiography. We considered a Kellgren-Lawrence grade ≥2 as radiographic knee OA and that in combination with frequent knee pain as symptomatic knee OA. By linkage with the Skåne Healthcare Register, we determined the proportion of subjects that had consulted for knee OA or pain...

  19. High-Velocity Quadriceps Exercises Compared to Slow-Velocity Quadriceps Exercises Following Total Knee Arthroplasty: A Randomized Clinical Study.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Doerfler, Deborah; Gurney, Burke; Mermier, Christine; Rauh, Mitchell; Black, Liza; Andrews, Ron

    2016-01-01

    Despite improvement in pain and perceived function in older adults following total knee arthroplasty (TKA), objective outcome measures of muscular impairment and ambulatory function demonstrate significant deficits. Evidence suggests that quadriceps power may play a greater role in ambulatory function than measures of strength alone following TKA. The purpose of this study was to compare the effect of high-velocity (HV) quadriceps exercises with that of slow-velocity (SV) quadriceps exercises on functional outcomes and quadriceps power following TKA. This study was a randomized clinical study conducted in an outpatient physical therapy clinic. Twenty-one participants who were 4 to 6 weeks post unilateral TKA were randomly assigned to an HV or SV group. Participants performed an evidence-based standardized progressive resistance exercise program in addition to HV quadriceps exercises or SV quadriceps exercises. Participants attended 2 sessions per week for 8 weeks. Before and after the 8-week exercise intervention, participants completed a functional questionnaire, health survey, functional testing, and underwent quadriceps strength and power testing. Both groups demonstrated improvements in ambulatory outcome measures, strength, speed, and power. The HV group demonstrated significantly greater improvements in distance walked and quadriceps strength than the SV group. These data should be considered preliminary because of a small sample size. HV quadriceps exercises may be an effective rehabilitation strategy in conjunction with a standardized progressive resistance exercise program beginning 4 to 6 weeks after TKA.

  20. Hospital Discharge Information After Elective Total hip or knee Joint Replacement Surgery: A clinical Audit of preferences among general practitioners

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Andrew M Briggs

    2012-05-01

    Full Text Available AbstractThe demand for elective joint replacement (EJR surgery for degenerative joint disease continues to rise in Australia, and relative to earlier practices, patients are discharged back to the care of their general practitioner (GP and other community-based providers after a shorter hospital stay and potentially greater post-operative acuity. In order to coordinate safe and effective post-operative care, GPs rely on accurate, timely and clinically-informative information from hospitals when their patients are discharged. The aim of this project was to undertake an audit with GPs regarding their preferences about the components of information provided in discharge summaries for patients undergoing EJR surgery for the hip or knee. GPs in a defined catchment area were invited to respond to an online audit instrument, developed by an interdisciplinary group of clinicians with knowledge of orthopaedic surgery practices. The 15-item instrument required respondents to rank the importance of components of discharge information developed by the clinician working group, using a three-point rating scale. Fifty-three GPs and nine GP registrars responded to the audit invitation (11.0% response rate. All discharge information options were ranked as ‘essential’ by a proportion of respondents, ranging from 14.8–88.5%. Essential information requested by the respondents included early post-operative actions required by the GP, medications prescribed, post-operative complications encountered and noting of any allergies. Non-essential information related to the prosthesis used. The provision of clinical guidelines was largely rated as ‘useful’ information (47.5–56.7%. GPs require a range of clinical information to safely and effectively care for their patients after discharge from hospital for EJR surgery. Implementation of changes to processes used to create discharge summaries will require engagement and collaboration between clinical staff

  1. Component rotation and anterior knee pain after total knee arthroplasty.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Barrack, R L; Schrader, T; Bertot, A J; Wolfe, M W; Myers, L

    2001-11-01

    All patients undergoing cruciate-retaining primary total knee arthroplasty for degenerative osteoarthritis at one center were studied prospectively. Clinical and radiographic followup was obtained at a minimum 5 years in 102 knees in 73 patients. Patients were asked specifically about the presence of the pain in the anterior aspect of the knee in the vicinity of the patella and rated the severity of the pain on a visual analog scale. Significant anterior knee pain rating at least 3 of 10 on the visual analog scale was present in 16 knees (13 patients). Eleven patients with 14 symptomatic knees agreed to undergo computed tomography scanning to accurately determine the rotation of the tibial and femoral components. The epicondylar axis and tibial tubercle were used as references using a previously validated technique. A control group of 11 asymptomatic patients (14 knees), matched for age, gender, and length of followup also underwent computed tomography scanning. All patients in both groups had normal axial alignment. There was a highly significant difference in tibial component rotation between the two groups with the patients with anterior knee pain averaging 6.2 degrees internal rotation compared with 0.4 degrees external rotation in the control group. There also was a significant difference in combined component rotation with the patients with anterior knee pain averaging 4.7 degrees internal rotation compared with 2.6 degrees external rotation in the control group. There was no significant difference in the degree of radiographic patellar tilt or patellar subluxation between the two groups. Patients with combined component internal rotation were more than five times as likely to experience anterior knee pain after total knee arthroplasty compared with those with combined component external rotation. Component malrotation is a significant factor in the development of anterior knee pain after total knee arthroplasty.

  2. 改良小针刀疗法改善早期膝骨性关节炎患者膝关节功能临床观察%Clinical Obsevation of Improved Small Acupuncture Scalpel to Improve Knee Function of Early Knee Osteoarthritis

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    钟伟华; 庞向华

    2013-01-01

    Objective: To discuss the clinical obsevation of improved small acupuncture scalpel to improve knee function of early knee osteoarthritis, and to standardize the treatment of acupuncture scalpel of early knee osteoarthritis. Methods: The patients of early knee osteoarthritis were chosen, and the knee function of patients was observed before and after treatment. Results: Improved small acupuncture scalpel could improve the knee function of early knee osteoarthritis. Conclusion: The improved small acupuncture scalpel is an effective treatment of early knee osteoarthritis.%目的:探讨改良小针刀疗法对早期膝骨性关节炎患者膝关节功能的改善情况,规范膝骨性关节炎的小针刀治疗.方法:选择早期膝骨性关节炎患者,对治疗前后的功能指标进行临床观察.结果:改良小针刀疗法对早期膝骨性关节炎的膝关节功能指标有明显改善作用.结论:改良小针刀疗法可以有效的改善早期膝骨性关节炎患者膝关节功能.

  3. Is magnetic resonance imaging reliable in predicting clinical outcome after articular cartilage repair of the knee?

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Windt, de T.S.; Welsch, G.H.; Brittberg, M.; Vonk, L.A.; Marlovits, S.; Trattnig, S.; Saris, D.B.F.

    2013-01-01

    Background: While MRI can provide a detailed morphological evaluation after articular cartilage repair, its additional value in determining clinical outcome has yet to be determined. Purpose: To evaluate the correlation between MRI and clinical outcome after cartilage repair and to identify parame

  4. 高屈曲度人工全膝关节置换术的临床疗效%The clinical effect of high flexion total knee arthroplasty

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李为; 蒋毅; 周一新; 周乙雄; 张洪; 郭盛杰

    2008-01-01

    Objective To explore the affective factors towards the patients' knee flexion and the technique to obtain the most relative flexion degree after TKA(total knee arthroplasty).Methods From March 2002 to March 2007,85 patients(102 knees)underwent high flexion total knee arthroplasty,including 16 males(17 knees)and 69 females(85 knees)with the age range from 35 to 79 years(mean,64.9 years).Osteoarthritis occurred in 94 knees and Rheumatoid arthritis in 8 knees.82 knees were complicated with vagus deformity mean,12.8°±3.1°),7 knees with valgus deformity(mean,5.1°±2.4°),and 31.with flexion defortuity mean,15.6°±4.9°).5 knees suffered bone defect.The range of motion(ROM)in OA patients ranged from 61°to 135°,with the mean 110.5°,while in RA patients ranged 41°to 120°.with the mean 85.5°.All the procedures used the NexGen prosthesis(Zimmer,LPS-Flex).HSS scores were used to evaluate the clinical effect.Position of the prosthesis,alignment of the lower limb and the repair of bone defect were evaluated by X-ray.Results 66 cases(81.knees)were followed up with a mean period of 39 months(range,24-60months).According to the HSS knee scoring system,the scores were 69.6±7.4 preoperative and 90.9±4.8postoperative,respectively,including 64 knees rated as excellent,11.as good,4 as fair and 2 88 poor.In this case the excelient-good rate was 92.6%.The knee ROM also increased from 100.5°before operation to 136.8°during operation and 127.5°after operation respectively.Conclusion The increase in the knee ROM is very important to improve the patients' quality of daily life after TKA,which is affected by the following factors,such as ROM preoperative,thorough procedure,individualized prosthesis and rigorous rehabilitation.But to the patients with obese,history of knee surgery or AS,postoperative ROM may be limited to some extent.%目的 探讨影响人工全膝关节置换术患者术后屈膝的因素,以及获得相对最大屈曲度的技术.方法 自2002年3月至2007

  5. Health-related quality of life in patients with knee osteoarthritis attending two primary care clinics in Malaysia: a cross-sectional study

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Zakaria Zainal F

    2009-12-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background Measurement of health-related quality of life (HRQOL among patients with osteoarthritis (OA helps the health care provider to understand the impact of the disease in the patients' own perspective and make health services more patient-centered. The main aim of this study was to measure the quality of life among patients with symptomatic knee OA attending primary care clinic. We also aimed to ascertain the association between socio-demographic and medical status of patients with knee OA and their quality of life. Methods A clinic based, cross sectional study using the Short Form-36 (SF-36 questionnaire was conducted in two primary care health clinics in Hulu Langat, Selangor, Malaysia over a period of 8 months. The nurses and medical assistants were involved in recruiting the patients while the family physicians conducted the interview. Results A total 151 respondents were recruited. The mean age was 65.6 ± 10.8 years with females constituted 119 (78.8% of the patients. The mean duration of knee pain was 4.07 ± 2.96 years. Half of the patients were overweight and majority, 138 (91.4%, had at least one co-morbidity, the commonest being hypertension. The physical health status showed lower score as compared to mental health component. The domain concerning mental health components showed positive correlation with age. There was a significant negative correlation between age and physical functioning (p Conclusions This study has shown that patients with knee OA attending primary care clinics have relatively poor quality of life pertaining to the physical health components but less impact was seen on the patients' mental health.

  6. Clinical efficacy of intra-articular injections in knee osteoarthritis: a prospective randomized study comparing hyaluronic acid and betamethasone

    Science.gov (United States)

    Trueba Davalillo, Cesáreo Ángel; Trueba Vasavilbaso, Cesáreo; Navarrete Álvarez, José Mario; Coronel Granado, Pilar; García Jiménez, Ozcar Alejandro; Gimeno del Sol, Mercedes; Gil Orbezo, Félix

    2015-01-01

    Background Osteoarthritis (OA) is the most common joint disease and leading cause of disability. Intra-articular (IA) administration of hyaluronic acid (HA) or corticosteroids (CS) have been previously studied, though using insufficient number of patients or short follow-up periods. Objective We evaluate HA and CS in patients with knee OA in terms of clinical efficacy over 12 months. Methods We used a prospective, randomized study with parallel groups. Randomized patients received IA injections of HA or betamethasone (BM). The primary outcomes were improvement in pain using Visual Analog Scale and function in the Western Ontario and McMaster University Osteoarthritis Index (Likert scale). Follow-up visits were scheduled at 3 months, 6 months, 9 months, and 12 months. Results A total of 200 patients were included. Pain was significantly reduced in both groups at the first follow-ups. At 12 months, the mean pain reduction in the HA group was 33.6% (95% CI: 31.1–36.1) compared to 8.2% (95% CI: 5.2–11.1) in BM (P<0.0001). Function improvement was higher in HA through every visit, and mean improvement at 12 months was 47.5% (95% CI: 45.6–49.3) in HA patients vs 13.2% (95% CI: 11.4–14.9) in the BM group (P<0.0001). All patients from both groups achieved the Minimal Clinically Important Improvement (MCII) for both pain and function up to 6 months. At 9 months and 12 months, the MCII figures were higher in HA group with ≥80% compared to ≤10% in BM group (P<0.0001). Adverse reactions were rare and related to the administration procedure. Conclusion Both treatments effectively controlled OA symptoms. BM showed higher short-term effectiveness, while HA showed better long-term effectiveness, maintaining clinical efficacy in a large number of patients 1 year after administration.

  7. Recurrent hemarthrosis after total knee arthroplasty.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rukavina, Alexander; Kerkhoffs, Gino M M J; Schneider, Philipp; Kuster, Markus S

    2010-07-01

    This report describes a case of spontaneous recurrent hemarthrosis of the knee that presented 4 weeks after total knee arthroplasty. Femoral arteriography showed a false aneurysm of a branch of the inferior lateral geniculate artery. Therapeutic embolization of the arterial branch was performed using three platinum coils with good clinical result and good knee joint function. Hemarthrosis has not recurred since embolization.

  8. Recurrent hemarthrosis after total knee arthroplasty

    OpenAIRE

    Rukavina, A.; Kerkhoffs, G. M. M. J.; Schneider, P.; Kuster, M S

    2010-01-01

    This report describes a case of spontaneous recurrent hemarthrosis of the knee that presented 4 weeks after total knee arthroplasty. Femoral arteriography showed a false aneurysm of a branch of the inferior lateral geniculate artery. Therapeutic embolization of the arterial branch was performed using three platinum coils with good clinical result and good knee joint function. Hemarthrosis has not recurred since embolization.

  9. Comparison of computational analysis with clinical measurement of stresses on below-knee residual limb in a prosthetic socket.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zhang, M; Roberts, C

    2000-11-01

    Interface pressures and shear stresses between a below-knee residual limb and prosthetic socket predicted using finite element analyses were compared with experimental measurements. A three-dimensional nonlinear finite element model, based on actual residual geometry and incorporating PTB socket rectification and interfacial friction/slip conditions, was developed to predict the stress distribution. A system for measuring pressures and bi-axial shear stresses was used to measure the stresses in the PTB socket of a trans-tibial amputee. The FE-predicted results indicated that the peak pressure of 226 kPa occurred at the patellar tendon area and the peak shear stress of 50 kPa at the anterolateral tibia area. Quantitatively, FE-predicted pressures were 11%, on average, lower than those measured by triaxial transducers placed at all the measurement sites. Because friction/slip conditions between the residual limb and socket liner were taken into consideration by using interface elements in the FE model, the directions and magnitudes of shear stresses match well between the FE prediction and clinical measurements. The results suggest that the nonlinear mechanical properties of soft tissues and dynamic effects during gait should be addressed in future work.

  10. Magnetic Resonance Imaging-Assessed Vastus Medialis Muscle Fat Content and Risk for Knee Osteoarthritis Progression: Relevance From a Clinical Trial.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Raynauld, Jean-Pierre; Pelletier, Jean-Pierre; Roubille, Camille; Dorais, Marc; Abram, François; Li, Wei; Wang, Yuanyuan; Fairley, Jessica; Cicuttini, Flavia M; Martel-Pelletier, Johanne

    2015-10-01

    Studies have proposed vastus medialis (VM) muscle cross-sectional area change as a variable associated with cartilage volume loss in knee osteoarthritis (OA). However, the VM also includes fat (%Fat), which may influence knee function. This study analyzed the VM area and %Fat data, separately and in combination, to predict symptoms, cartilage volume loss, and bone marrow lesion (BML) change in knee OA. This study included the according-to-protocol population (n = 143) of a 2-year knee OA randomized clinical trial having magnetic resonance imaging at baseline and 2 years. Correlations used multivariate analyses. Greater baseline value for VM area and %Fat were significantly associated with sex (male, area; female, %Fat), higher body mass index (BMI), and Western Ontario and McMaster Universities Osteoarthritis Index stiffness, function, and total scores (better, high area; worse, high %Fat). Moreover, a VM %Fat increase of 1% at 2 years was associated with worsening of cartilage volume loss in the global knee (P = 0.015) and some subregions (P ≤ 0.030), and with an increment of BML global score change (P Fat, and high BMI identified a subgroup of patients with greater cartilage volume loss in the medial femur (P = 0.028) than the rest of the cohort. These data demonstrated, for the first time, that VM fat content is a strong predictor of cartilage volume loss and the occurrence and progression of BML. Importantly, the combined data of VM area, VM %Fat, and BMI identified patients at higher risk for OA progression. © 2015, American College of Rheumatology.

  11. RELEASE OF GENTAMICIN FROM CEMENT SPACERS IN TWO-STAGE PROCEDURES FOR HIP AND KNEE PROSTHETIC INFECTION: AN IN VIVO PHARMACOKINETIC STUDY WITH CLINICAL FOLLOW-UP.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Balato, G; Ascione, T; Rosa, D; Pagliano, P; Solarino, G; Moretti, B; Mariconda, M

    2015-01-01

    Eighteen patients undergoing two-stage exchange arthroplasty for infected total hip or knee arthroplasty using gentamicin-loaded bone cement spacers (80g bone cement, 2 g gentamicin and 2 g clindamycin) were studied. The concentration of gentamicin eluted from the spacers was assessed on samples of blood, urine, and drainage fluid that were collected from each patient at set intervals during the 48 hours following the first-stage surgery. The hip and knee cement spacers showed similar curve of release over the first postoperative hours (early peak followed by slow release), but the mean gentamicin concentration in the drainage fluid was higher in patients with hip spacers compared to patients with knee spacers (30.61±19.47 mg/L vs 17.43±13,63 mg/L, p less than 0.05). In patients with hip spacers, the mean, maximum, and minimum concentration of gentamicin was higher with respect to the minimum inhibitory concentration (MIC) break point for Staphylococcus spp, Pseudomonas Aeruginosa and Enterobacteriaceae throughout the first postoperative 48 h. Conversely, in 25% of patients with a knee spacer a drug concentration below the MIC break point for Gram negative bacteria was found in the drainage fluid after 12 h. Gentamicin levels in the blood samples were negligible over the entire time interval and were steadily well below the renal toxicity reference. The highest urinary concentration of gentamicin was observed between 4 and 9 h postoperatively. Subsequently, it gradually declined until 48 h. Clinically, the rate of cure was 100% at a mean follow-up of 113 weeks (range 90-182). Gentamicin-loaded cement spacers offer the advantage of achieving early high concentrations of the antibiotic directly at the site of infection but especially in the knee a systemic antibiotic therapy must be given as a complement to the spacer implantation to eradicate periprosthetic joint infection (PJI).

  12. Retention of the posterior cruciate ligament versus the posterior stabilized design in total knee arthroplasty: a prospective randomized controlled clinical trial

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    van den Akker-Scheek Inge

    2009-09-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background Prosthetic design for the use in primary total knee arthroplasty has evolved into designs that preserve the posterior cruciate ligament (PCL and those in which the ligament is routinely sacrificed (posterior stabilized. In patients with a functional PCL the decision which design is chosen depends largely on the favour and training of the surgeon. The objective of this study is to determine whether the patient's perceived outcome and speed of recovery differs between a posterior cruciate retaining total knee arthroplasty and a posterior stabilized total knee arthroplasty. Methods/Design A randomized controlled trial will be conducted. Patients who are admitted for primary unilateral TKA due to primary osteoarthrosis are included when the following inclusion criteria are met: non-fixed fixed varus or valgus deformity less than 10 degrees, age between 55 and 85 years, body mass index less than 35 kg/m2 and ASA score (American Society of Anaesthesiologists I or II. Patients are randomized in 2 groups. Patients in the posterior cruciate retaining group will receive a prosthesis with a posterior cut-out for the posterior cruciate ligament and relatively flat topography. In patients allocated to the posterior stabilized group, in which the posterior cruciate ligament is excised, the design may substitute for this function by an intercondylar tibial prominence that articulates with the femur in flexion. Measurements will take place preoperatively and 6 weeks, 3 months, 6 months and 1 year postoperatively. At all measurement points patient's perceived outcome will be assessed using the Western Ontario and McMaster Universities Osteoarthritis Index (WOMAC. Secondary outcome measures are quality of life (SF-36 and physician reported functional status and range of motion as determined with the Knee Society Clinical Rating System (KSS. Discussion In the current practice both posterior cruciate retaining and posterior stabilized designs

  13. Comparison of peri- and intraarticular analgesia with femoral nerve block after total knee arthroplasty: a randomized clinical trial

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Toftdahl, Karen; Nikolajsen, Lone; Haraldsted, Viggo

    2007-01-01

    BACKGROUND: Postoperative pain after total knee arthroplasty (TKA) can be difficult to manage and may delay recovery. Recent studies have suggested that periarticular infiltration with local anesthetics may improve outcome. METHODS: 80 patients undergoing TKA under spinal anesthesia were randomized...

  14. Clinical outcomes after cell-seeded autologous chondrocyte implantation of the knee

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Pestka, Jan M; Bode, Gerrit; Salzmann, Gian;

    2014-01-01

    BACKGROUND: Autologous chondrocyte implantation (ACI) has been associated with satisfying results. Still, it remains unclear when success or failure after ACI can be estimated. PURPOSE: To evaluate the clinical outcomes of cell-seeded collagen matrix-supported ACI (ACI-Cs) for the treatment of ca...

  15. GEMINI PS全膝关节置换术的初期临床应用%Early stages clinical application of GEMINI PS total knee arthroplasty

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    陈奇; 陈智; 眭杰; 黄建明; 汪滋民; 康一凡

    2012-01-01

    Objective To report the clinical experience of GEMINI PS total knee arthroplasty (TKA). Methods The LINK's knee prosthesis GEMINI PS TKA line was used to treat knee disorders in 28 cases ( 32 knees).Preoperative and postoperative HSS score, pain score,knee flexion and range of motion score was analyzed and evaluated. Results All of 28 cases were follow-up 6 to 18 months, average 9.8 months.There was significant difference in HSS score,pain score,knee flexion and range of motion score between 3 weeks after surgery and before operation (P <0.05), but the differences of postoperative follow-up at different time points were not significant;HSS score:exce!ient 24 knees,good in 8 knees,short-term rate of 100% for the good and excellent. Conclusion GEMINI PS total knee arthroplasty can improve knee pain and function,and can improve joint range of motion in the short term after surgery, to achieve high flexion state.The indications for surgery depends on the choice of prosthesis,design improvements, mature surgical technique and good postoperative rehabilitation.%目的 探讨GEMINI PS全膝关节置换术(TKA)初期临床应用体会.方法 采用LINK公司的膝关节假体GEMINI PS行TKA治疗膝关节疾患28例(32膝),术前及术后应用膝关节HSS评分、疼痛评分、膝关节屈曲度及活动度评分进行评价.结果 本组均获随访6~18个月,平均9.8个月,术后3周与术前HSS评分、疼痛评分、膝关节屈曲度及活动度评分的比较,差异有统计学意义(P<0.05),但术后各随访时间点差异无统计学意义;HSS评分:优24膝,良8膝,短期优良率100%.结论 GEMINIPS全膝关节置换术能有效改善膝关节疼痛及功能,并且能在术后短期内提升膝关节活动度,达到高屈曲状态.其手术效果取决于适应证的选择,假体的设计改良,成熟的手术技术以及良好的术后康复.

  16. ARTHROFIBROSIS FOLLOWING TOTAL KNEE ARTHROPLASTY

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ravi B. Solanki

    2014-11-01

    Full Text Available Arthrofibrosis following total knee arthroplasty is an uncommon complication defined as less than 80 degrees of knee flexion 6-8 weeks post operatively. It is characterized by abnormal scarring of the joint in which the formation of dense fibrous tissue and tissue metaplasia prevent normal range of motion. Clinical features include limited knee Range of motion with extension deficit, pain with activities of daily living and unusual amount of pain and swelling post operatively in the absence of infection, bleeding or mechanical complications. We present case of 55 years old female who undergone for total knee replacement before 3 months and presented to our department with complain of knee pain and swelling with activities of daily living. She was diagnosed on the basis of clinical examination. Her detailed evaluation was carried out and Physiotherapy treatment was started.

  17. Clinical value of SPECT/CT in the painful total knee arthroplasty (TKA): a prospective study in a consecutive series of 100 TKA

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Hirschmann, Michael T. [Kantonsspital Baselland (Bruderholz, Liestal, Laufen), Department of Orthopaedic Surgery and Traumatology, Bruderholz (Switzerland); Amsler, Felix [Amsler Consulting, Basel (Switzerland); Rasch, Helmut [Kantonsspital Baselland, Institute of Radiology and Nuclear Medicine, Bruderholz (Switzerland)

    2015-11-15

    Bone single photon emission computed tomography (SPECT)/CT is considered as beneficial in unhappy patients with pain, stiffness or swelling after total knee arthroplasty (TKA). The purpose of this study was to identify typical patterns of bone tracer uptake (BTU), distribution and intensity values in patients after TKA. The above findings were correlated with the type and fixation of TKA, the time from TKA and intraoperative findings at revision surgery. A total of 100 knees of 84 consecutive patients (mean age ± SD 70 ± 11 years) after TKA with persistent knee pain were prospectively included. All patients underwent clinical examination, standardized radiographs and {sup 99m}Tc-hydroxymethane diphosphonate (HDP) SPECT/CT as part of a routine diagnostic algorithm. The diagnosis before and after SPECT/CT and final treatment were recorded. TKA component position was determined on 3-D reconstructed images. Intensity and anatomical distribution of BTU was determined. Maximum intensity values were recorded as well as ratios in relation to the proximal midshaft of the femur. Univariate analyses (chi-square test, Pearson's correlation and t test for independent samples) were performed (p < 0.05). SPECT/CT changed the clinical diagnosis and final treatment in 85/100 (85 %) knees. Intraoperative findings confirmed the preoperative SPECT/CT diagnosis in 32/33 knees (97 %). TKA loosening as well as progression of patellofemoral osteoarthritis (OA) was correctly diagnosed in 100 % of knees. Typical patterns of BTU for specific pathologies were identified. Loose femoral TKA components significantly correlated with increased BTU at the lateral femoral regions (p < 0.05). Loose tibial TKA components significantly correlated with increased BTU at all tibial regions (p < 0.05) and around the tibial peg (p > 0.01). The diagnostic benefits of SPECT/CT in patients after TKA have been proven. Typical pathology-related BTU patterns were identified, which will improve reporting

  18. Clinical and epidemiological differences between septic arthritis of the knee and hip caused by oxacillin-sensitive and -resistant s. aureus

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Camilo Partezani Helito

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available OBJECTIVE: To establish the risk factors for joint infection by oxacillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA using clinical and epidemiological data. METHODS: All septic arthritis cases of the knee and hip diagnosed and treated in our institution from 2006 to 2012 were evaluated retrospectively. Only patients with cultures identified as microbial agents were included in the study. The clinical and epidemiological characteristics of the patients were analyzed, seeking the differences between populations affected by MRSA and oxacillin-sensitive Staphylococcus aureus (MSSA. RESULTS: S. aureus was isolated in thirty-five patients (46.0% in our total sample, 25 in the knee and 10 in the hip. Of these 35 patients, 22 presented with MSSA and 13 presented with MRSA. Provenance from a health service-related environment, as described by the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, was the only variable associated with oxacillin-resistant strains of this bacterium (p = 0.001. CONCLUSION: Provenance from a health service-related environment was associated with a higher incidence of MRSA-related septic arthritis, suggesting that this agent should be considered in the initial choice of antibiotic treatment. Previous surgeries of the knee or affected limb and the absence of leukocytes might also be related to infection with this agent.

  19. The treatment and prevention of knee osteoarthritis: a tool for clinical decision-making

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Bliddal, Henning; Christensen, Robin

    2009-01-01

    BACKGROUND: Osteoarthritis (OA) is a major cause of disability, which will increase further with longer lifetime and higher average weight of the population. OBJECTIVE: To review a hierarchy of interventions for OA in clinical practice, and compare it with the Strength of Recommendation (SOR) pro...... are needed for validation (OARSI, SOR = 63%). Pharmacological treatment has paracetamol as primary prescription, which is a safe, albeit weak analgesic. Supplementary medications are prescribed according to level of pain and possible inflammation....

  20. Clinical Observations on Needle Knife Treatment for Knee Meniscus Injury%针刀治疗膝关节半月板损伤临床观察

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    向伟明; 唐歌; 邓袁; 丁思明; 黄焕强; 唐吉莲; 谢凤渝; 颜勋; 陈泽涛; 张洪莲; 藤清

    2015-01-01

    目的:从改善膝关节生物力学平衡的角度,观察分析针刀治疗膝关节半月板损伤的临床疗效,为临床提供治疗依据和方法。方法将符合条件的100例(112膝)膝关节半月板损伤患者按就诊顺序随机分为观察组和对照组,每组50例,分别予以针刀治疗和膝关节腔内注射玻璃酸钠注射液治疗。按足底压力分析评分及膝关节功能评分,观察评估两组患者治疗前后、随访时指标的变化情况,并评价两组临床疗效。结果观察组和对照组治疗后及随访时膝关节周围的最大负重、时间积分差值及负重比例均明显减低(P<0.05),观察组调整膝关节力平衡的作用优于对照组(P<0.05),观察组改善膝关节的功能明显优于对照组(P<0.01)。两组患者治疗后以及随访优良率比较,观察组优良率明显高于对照组(P<0.05)。结论针刀治疗通过松解膝关节半月板损伤患者膝关节周围的病灶软组织,改善膝关节负重不平衡,纠正膝关节周围的力学平衡,从而恢复膝关节的功能,疾病向愈,疗效确切。%ObjectiveTo observe andanalyze the clinical efficacy of needle knife treatment for knee meniscus injury from improving knee biomechanical balance and to provide a therapeutic basis and method for clinical practice.MethodOne hundred patients (112 knees) with knee meniscus injury meeting the inclusion criteria were allocated, in order of visits, to observation and control groups, 50 cases each. They were treated with a needle knife and an injection of sodium hyaluronate injectio into knee joint cavity, respectively. Changes in the indices were observed and assessed in the two groups by recording the plantar pressure analysis score and the knee function score before and after treatment and at follow-up. The clinical therapeutic effects were evaluated in the two groups.ResultThemaximum load, time integral difference value and load ratio around the

  1. Clinical Observation of Herbal Fumigation in Knee Osteoarthritis%中药熏蒸治疗膝骨性关节炎临床观察

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    何丹丹; 陈志煌; 林常

    2011-01-01

    目的 客观评价中药熏蒸对膝骨性关节炎(KOA)的临床疗效.方法 将患者80例随机分为非熏蒸常规治疗组(非熏组)与中药熏蒸治疗组(熏蒸组),均予西医常规处理,熏蒸组加用中药熏蒸治疗,20d后评效.结果 熏蒸组总有效率高于非熏组,且膝关节休息痛、上下楼痛、肿胀、僵硬及关节活动度改善明显优于非熏组.结论 中药熏蒸疗法可明显缓解KOA的临床症状,具有改善膝关节功能的作用.%Objective: To evaluate the clinical curative effect of the herbal fumigation on knee osteoarthritis (KOA). Methods: 60 patients were divided randomly into the conventional treatment group (non-fumigation group) and the herbal fumigation treatment group (fumigation group). Besides that western routine therapies were used in 2 groups, the fumigation group was added the herbal fumigation treatment. The clinical effect of 2 groups were e-valuated in 2 groups. Results: The total effective rate of the fumigation group was higher than that of the non- fumigation group. Improvements in the fumigation group were significantly better than those in the non-fumigation group such as the rest pain, the motion pain, the break tenderness in knee joint, the joint mobility, the morning stiffness and the ability to walk. Conclusion: The herbal fumigation can obviously alleviate knee osteoarthritis symptoms and improve the knee function.

  2. 女性高屈曲度假体与普通高屈曲度假体治疗女性膝骨关节炎的近期临床疗效比较%Comparison of clinical outcomes between Gender Knee and High-flex LPS knee in the treatment of osteoarthritis in women

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李为; 左镇华; 陈晶; 柳剑

    2013-01-01

    Background:Total knee arthroplasty (TKA) has been an effective treatment for osteoarthritis of knee (OA). However, there is significant difference in patients' satisfaction between male and female patients. Objective:To compare the short-term clinical outcomes of TKA with Gender Knee versus High-flex LPS Knee in female OA patients. Methods:A total of 55 female OA patients (79 knees) treated by TKA from March 2008 to November 2011 were enrolled in the retrospective study. Gender Knee prosthesis (Zimmer Co.) was applied in 24 cases (37 knees, group A) and High Flex LPS (Zimmer Co.) was used in 31 cases (42 knees, group B). Surgical complications, KOOS (Knee injury and Osteoarthritis Outcome Score), satisfaction index of patients, knee range of motion, knee maximum flexion and anterior knee pain were compared between two groups. Results:Fifty-one patients were followed up with a mean duration of 35.2 months (range, 24-50 months). There were no sig-nificant differences in KOOS scores between two groups (P>0.05). Compared with preoperative ones, postoperative KOOS scores, knee range of motion, and knee maximum flexion were significantly increased in all patients (P Conclusions:Both Gender Knee and High-flex LPS can effectively treat osteoarthritis in women. But Gender knee has a bet-ter matching anatomy in women with higher satisfactory index and better clinical outcome.%背景:全膝关节置换术(total knee arthroplasty,TKA)已成为治疗膝骨关节炎(osteoarthritis of the knee,OA)的有效方法。但在治疗满意度上,男女之间差别较大。  目的:比较采用Gender Solutions Nex-Gen膝关节假体与普通高屈曲度假体治疗女性膝骨关节炎的近期临床疗效。  方法:2008年3月至2011年11月,55例(79膝)女性OA患者接受全膝关节表面置换手术。A组:24例37膝,采用Gen-der Solutions Nex-Gen膝关节假体(美国Zimmer公司);B组:31例42膝,采用普通高屈曲度假体(

  3. Are There Any Clinical and Radiographic Differences Between Quadriceps-sparing and Mini-medial Parapatellar Approaches in Total Knee Arthroplasty After a Minimum 5 Years of Follow-up?

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Ai-Bing Huang; Hai-Jun Wang; Jia-Kuo Yu; Bo Yang; Dong Ma; Ji-Ying Zhang

    2015-01-01

    Background:Although the early clinical outcomes of total knee arthroplasty (TKA) using minimally invasive surgery techniques have been widely described,data on the mid-to long-term outcomes are limited.We designed a retrospective study to compare the two most common TKA techniques-The modified quadriceps-sparing (m-QS) approach and the mini-medial parapatellar (MMP) approach-In terms of the clinical and radiographic parameters,over a minimum follow-up period of 5 years.Methods:The m-QS approach was used in 31 knees and the MMP approach,in 36 knees.Knees in both groups were compared for component position and alignment,knee alignment,length of the skin incision,range of motion,Visual Analog Scale score,muscle torques,Knee Society Score,Western Ontario and McMaster Universities Osteoarthritis Index,and number of complications.Results:There were no major intergroup differences in any of the clinical and radiographic outcomes assessed at the final follow-up examination.Conclusions:On the basis of numbers studied,the m-QS group,which requires more technique,showed equivalent results with the MMP group in the postoperative 5 years.Preservation of the extensor mechanism in the m-QS approach could not ensure any improvement in the clinical outcomes during the mid-term follow-up duration.

  4. [Extensor mechanism allograft and radiotherapy in the treatment of soft tissue sarcomas around the knee: Presentation of two clinical cases].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Illana-Mahiques, M; Baixauli-García, F; Angulo-Sánchez, M A; Amaya-Valero, J V; García-Forcada, I L

    2015-01-01

    Knee involvement of soft tissue sarcomas is rare and very difficult to treat. Reconstruction of the extensor mechanism of the knee is essential to restore the functionality. Functional outcome is compromised by poor soft tissue coverage, adjuvant local radiotherapy, and resection of the extensor apparatus. No results were found in the literature as regards treatment by resection and reconstruction of the extensor mechanism in combination with adjuvant radiotherapy. The effects of radiotherapy are also unknown in the allografts. . Two cases are presented of soft tissue sarcoma around de knee treated by resection, reconstruction of the extensor mechanism with cryopreserved cadaver allograft, and local radiotherapy. After more than 3 years of follow up, both patients are free of disease and have a good joint balance. Resection of the tumor with adequate safety margins and reconstruction using cadaveric allograft preserves the extensor mechanism and function of the limb. The soft tissue coverage is an added problem that can be solved by propeller fasciocutaneous flap coverage. After surgery, the limb must be immobilized with a knee brace locked in extension. Local radiotherapy contributes to local control of the disease. The reconstruction of the extensor mechanism of the knee with allograft is a functional alternative to amputation, and it does not contraindicate adjuvant radiotherapy to improve local control of the disease. Copyright © 2014 SECOT. Published by Elsevier Espana. All rights reserved.

  5. Anterior knee pain: uncommon aetiologies

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Q. Louw

    2003-02-01

    Full Text Available The aim of this review is to inform clinicians of less common causes of anterior knee pain. Relatively less common conditions leading to anterior knee pain include infra-patellar contracture syndrome, conditions affecting the fat pad, saphenous nerve entrapment, prepatellar neuromas, increased intraosseous pressure of the patella, ganglions of the anterior cruciate ligament and cysts. The aetiology, clinical presentation, risk factors and management  of each condition are outlined. Due to the common occurrence of anterior knee pain clinicians must remain vigilant in assessing the cause of this clinical presentation.

  6. Knee Replacement

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... need knee replacement surgery usually have problems walking, climbing stairs, and getting in and out of chairs. Some ... a total living space on one floor since climbing stairs can be difficult. Install safety bars or a ...

  7. Knee Arthroscopy

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... experience any of the following: • Fever • Chills • Persistent warmth or redness around the knee • Persistent or increased ... you should be able to return to most physical activities a er 6 to 8 weeks, or ...

  8. Runner's Knee

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... Over the summer he bought a pair of running shoes and took up jogging. He started with ... bending the knee — when walking, kneeling, squatting, or running, for example. Walking or running downhill or even ...

  9. The Effect of Ginger (Zingiber Officinale Powder Supplement on Pain in Patients with Knee Osteoarthritis: a Double-Blind Randomized Clinical Trial

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    A Nadjarzadeh

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available Introduction: There is limited evidence that ginger (Zingiber Officinale powder consumption is effective to relieve the pain and inflammation due to special phytichemicals. The aim of this study was to investigate the effect of ginger powder supplementation in pain improvement in patients with knee osteoarthritis. Methods: This double-blind randomized clinical trial was conducted on 120 outpatients with knee osteoarthritis of moderate pain. Patients were randomly assigned to two groups: receiving ginger powder supplement and placebo. Ginger and placebo groups received two identical capsules per day for 12 weeks. Each capsule contained 500 mg ginger powder or starch. Pain severity was measured by VAS (Visual Analog Scale at first and after 3 months. A responder was defined as a reduction in pain of > 1.5 cm on a visual analog scale (VAS. Results: Before intervention, there was no significant difference between the two groups in severity of pain. However, after ginger supplementation, pain score decreased in ginger group. After 12 weeks, Pain reduction was more significant in ginger group than placebo. Response to intervention was 88% and 14% in ginger and placebo groups, respectively. There was statistically significant difference between both groups in response to intervention (p<0.001. Conclusion: The results of this study showed that ginger powder supplementation was effective in reducing pain in patients with knee osteoarthritis, therefore it is recommended as a safe supplement for these patients

  10. Effect of single injection of platelet-rich plasma in comparison with corticosteroid on knee osteoarthritis: a double-blind randomized clinical trial.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Forogh, Bijan; Mianehsaz, Elaheh; Shoaee, Shervan; Ahadi, Tannaz; Raissi, Gholam R; Sajadi, Simin

    2016-01-01

    Evidence on the effect of platelet-rich plasma (PRP) in treating osteoarthritis (OA) is insufficient. Therefore, the present study compares the effects of a one-time injection of PRP and corticosteroid (CS). In the present randomized double blind clinical trial, the participants who suffered from knee osteoarthritis (Grades II/III), were randomly divided into two groups: intra articular injection of PRP and CS. Knee injury and osteoarthritis outcome score (KOOS), the 20-Meter-Walk Test (20MW), active and passive ranges of motions (ROM), flexion contracture, and pain intensity based on Visual Analog Scale (VAS) were assessed before, 2-months, and 6-months after interventions. Forty-one participants (48 knees) were involved in the research (66.7% women; average age of 61.1±7.0 years old). Compared to the group treated with corticosteroid, pain relief (df: 6, 35; F=11.0; P=0.007), symptom free (df:6, 35; F=23.0; P0.05). Our study demonstrated that one shot of PRP injection, decreased joint pain more and longer-term, alleviated the symptoms, and enhanced the activity of daily living and quality of life in short-term duration in comparison with CS.

  11. A comparison of Kneipp hydrotherapy with conventional physiotherapy in the treatment of osteoarthritis of the hip or knee: protocol of a prospective randomised controlled clinical trial

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Deutsch Tobias

    2009-08-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background The increasing age of the population, especially in the western world, means that the prevalence of osteoarthritis is also increasing, with corresponding socioeconomic consequences. Although there is no curative intervention at present, in accordance with US and European guidelines, pharmacotherapeutic and non-pharmacological approaches aim at pain control and the reduction of functional restriction. It has been established that hydrotherapy for osteoarthritis of the hip or knee joint using serial cold and warm water stimulation not only improves the range of movement but also reduces pain significantly and increases quality of life over a period of up to three months. Weight reduction is important for patients with osteoarthritis of the hip or knee. In addition, conventional physiotherapy and exercise therapy have both been shown, at a high level of evidence, to be cost-effective and to have long-term benefits for pain relief, movement in the affected joint, and patient quality of life. Methods/design The study design consists of a prospective randomised controlled three-armed clinical trial, which will be carried out at a specialist clinic for integrative medicine, to investigate the clinical effects of hydrotherapy on osteoarthritis of the knee or hip joint, in comparison with conventional physiotherapy. One hundred and eighty patients diagnosed with osteoarthritis of hip or knee will be randomly assigned to one of three intervention groups: hydrotherapy, physiotherapy, and both physiotherapy and hydrotherapy of the affected joint. In the first group, patients will receive Kneipp hydrotherapy daily, with water applied in the form of alternate cold and warm thigh affusions (alternating cold and warm water stimulation is particularly relevant to the knee and hip regions. Patients in the second group will receive physiotherapy of the hip or knee joint three times a week. Patients in the physiotherapy-hydrotherapy combination

  12. Clinical Efficacy and Safety of Gubitong Recipe (骨痹通方) in Treating Osteoarthritis of Knee Joint

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    陶庆文; 徐愿; 金笛儿; 阎小萍

    2009-01-01

    Objective:To observe the therapeutic efficacy and safety of Gubitong Recipe(骨痹通方,GBT) in treating osteoarthritis(OA) of knee joint.Methods:Ninety patients with knee osteoarthritis were equally assigned, according to a randomizing digital table,to the treatment group and the control group.The treatment group was treated with GBT Decoction one dose every day and the control group with glucosamine sulfate 500 mg thrice a day,respectively,for eight successive weeks.Besides,diclofenac sodium could be given as...

  13. Knee Injuries and Disorders

    Science.gov (United States)

    Your knee joint is made up of bone, cartilage, ligaments and fluid. Muscles and tendons help the knee joint move. When any of these structures is hurt or diseased, you have knee problems. Knee problems can cause pain and difficulty ...

  14. Difference between right and left side in total knee and unicondylar knee replacement: An interesting observation

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Vasudevan Thirumal Selvan

    2005-02-01

    Full Text Available We report an observation made about the differences between right and left side in case of total knee and unicondylar knee replacement. It was found that unicondylar knee replacement was performed more commonly on the left side (66%, as compared to only 34% on right side, where as total knee replacement was more common on the right side (64% as compared to 36% on left side. The exact clinical utility of this difference is yet to be known.

  15. Short-term efficacy of calcium fructoborate on subjects with knee discomfort: a comparative, double-blind, placebo-controlled clinical study

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Pietrzkowski Z

    2014-06-01

    Full Text Available Zbigniew Pietrzkowski,1 Michael J Phelan,2 Robert Keller,3 Cynthia Shu,1 Ruby Argumedo,1 Tania Reyes-Izquierdo11FutureCeuticals, Inc., Applied BioClinical Laboratory; 2Department of Statistics, School of Information and Computer Science, University of California at Irvine; 3NutraClinical Inc., Irvine, CA, USAAbstract: Calcium fructoborate (CFB at a dose of 110 mg twice per day was previously reported to improve knee discomfort during the first 14 days of treatment. In this study, 60 participants with self-reported knee discomfort were randomized into two groups receiving CFB or placebo. Initial levels of knee discomfort were evaluated by Western Ontario and McMaster Universities Arthritis Index (WOMAC and McGill Pain Questionnaire (MPQ scores at the beginning of the study and also at 7 and 14 days after treatment. Results showed that supplementation with CFB significantly improved knee discomfort in the study subjects; significant reductions of mean within-subject change in WOMAC and MPQ scores were observed for the CFB group compared to the placebo group at both 7 and 14 days after treatment. Estimated treatment differences for the MPQ score were -5.8 (P=0.0009 and -8.9 (P<0.0001 at Day 7 and 14, respectively. Estimated differences for the WOMAC score were -5.3 (P=0.06 and -13.73 (P<0.0001 at Day 7 and 14, respectively. Negative values indicate greater reductions in reported discomfort. On both Day 7 and Day 14, the trend was toward greater improvement in the CFB group. The placebo group did not exhibit any change in the WOMAC and MPQ scores. In conclusion, supplementation with 110 mg CFB twice per day was associated with improving knee discomfort during the 2 weeks of intake.Keywords: CFB, joint discomfort, WOMAC score, McGill pain score

  16. Effectiveness of behavioral graded activity in patients with osteoarthritis of hip and/or knee: a randomized clinical trial.

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Veenhof, C.; Köke, A.J.A.; Dekker, J.; Oostendorp, R.A.; Bijlsma, J.W.J.; Tulder, M.W. van; Ende, C.H.M. van den

    2006-01-01

    Objective: To determine the effectiveness of a behavioral graded activity program (BGA) compared with usual care (UC; exercise therapy and advice) according to the Dutch guidelines for physiotherapy in patients with osteoarthritis (OA) of the hip and/or knee. The BGA intervention is intended to incr

  17. Reliability and reference values of two clinical measurements of dynamic and static knee position in healthy children

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Ortqvist, Maria; Moström, Eva B; Roos, Ewa M.

    2011-01-01

    PURPOSE: The purposes of this study were to evaluate reliability of the Single-limb mini squat test (a dynamic measure of medio-lateral knee position) and the Quadriceps-angle (Q-angle) (a static measure of medio-lateral knee position), present paediatric reference values of the Q......-angle, and evaluate the association between the tests. METHODS: Two hundred and forty-six healthy children (9-16 years) were included (intra/inter-rater reliability for Q-angle (n = 37/85) and for Single-limb mini squat test (n = 33/28)). Dynamic medio-lateral knee position was assessed by the Single-limb mini squat...... test. Static medio-lateral knee position was evaluated by the Q-angle. RESULTS: The reliability of the Single-limb mini squat test was found to be moderate (kappa 0.48-0.57, 95% CI 0.16-0.85, 76-79% agreement). Fair to moderate reliability (ICC 0.35-0.42, 95% CI 0.11-0.66, SEM 1.4°-1.9°, n.s.) of the Q...

  18. Effectiveness of behavioral graded activity in patients with osteoarthritis of the hip and/or knee: A randomized clinical trial.

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Veenhof, C.; Koke, A.J.; Dekker, J.; Oostendorp, R.A.B.; Bijlsma, J.W.J.; Tulder, M.W. van; Ende, C.H.M. van den

    2006-01-01

    OBJECTIVE: To determine the effectiveness of a behavioral graded activity program (BGA) compared with usual care (UC; exercise therapy and advice) according to the Dutch guidelines for physiotherapy in patients with osteoarthritis (OA) of the hip and/or knee. The BGA intervention is intended to incr

  19. Platelet-Rich Plasma Injections for Advanced Knee Osteoarthritis: A Prospective, Randomized, Double-Blinded Clinical Trial

    Science.gov (United States)

    Joshi Jubert, Nayana; Rodríguez, Luciano; Reverté-Vinaixa, Maria Mercedes; Navarro, Aurora

    2017-01-01

    Background: Intra-articular injections of platelet-rich plasma (PRP) to treat symptoms of knee osteoarthritis (OA) have been successfully used in young patients and in the early stages of disease. No previous studies have analyzed outcomes of PRP injections during the late stages. Hypothesis: PRP reduces pain and leads to a more effective and lasting functional recovery than corticosteroid with local anesthetic. Study Design: Randomized controlled trial; Level of evidence, 2. Methods: A total of 75 patients with symptomatic knee OA (Kellgren-Lawrence grade 3 to 4) were enrolled in this study between August 2013 and July 2014. Patients were randomized to treatment either with a single leukocyte-reduced PRP or corticosteroid intra-articular injection. The primary variable was visual analog scale assessment at 1 month. Secondary outcomes were the Knee injury and Osteoarthritis Outcome Score (KOOS) and Short Form–36 (SF-36) at 1, 3, and 6 months after treatment. Patient satisfaction at final follow-up was assessed. Both groups were homogeneous and comparable in baseline characteristics. Results: All variables improved in both groups. Statistical differences between groups were not found for the majority of the outcome variables, although the magnitude of improvements tended to be greater in the PRP group. Quality-of-life differences between values at 3 and 6 months versus baseline increased significantly more in the study group (P = .05 and .03, respectively), and so did general health perception differences at 6 months (P = .018). Conclusion: A single PRP intra-articular injection is effective for relieving pain and improving activities of daily living and quality of life in late-stage knee OA. For patients with late-stage knee OA who are 67 years or older, 1 intra-articular injection of PRP has similar results to 1 shot of corticosteroid. PMID:28255569

  20. Magnification bone scan of knees for knee pain evaluation

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Lee, Myoung Hoon; Park, Chan H.; Yoon, Seok Nam; Hwang, Kyung Hoon [College of Medicine, Ajou Univ., Suwon (Korea, Republic of)

    2001-07-01

    Knee pain is one of the common complaints of patients seen in our orthopedic clinic. Routine anterior and posterior views of whole body bone scan (WBBS) is often not sufficient in the evaluation of these patients. An ideal bone scan using pinhole collimator or single photon emission tomography (SPECT), however, is impractical and time consuming in busy nuclear medicine department with limited resources. Therefore, the aim of the study is to assess limited bone scan of knees with magnification (LNSKM) for knee pain evaluation. Technical aspect of LBSKM and diagnostic efficacy are discussed on this poster. Adult patients with knee pain were reffered for LBSKM from an orthopedic surgen specializing knees. Four hundred fifteen LBSKMs were performed since 1999. patients were given 740 MBq (20mCi) Tc-99m MDP intravenously and 3 hours later LBSKM was performed using a low energy high resolution parallel hole collimator and Siemens Orbitor camera. (Simens medical systems. Inc., Hoffman Estates, III., USA). Anterior view of the knees was taken for 5 min, without magnification and both lateral views of symptomatic knees were obtained with electronic magnification (1.25, upto 2.0) for 8 min each. Disease processes such as DJD, traumatic arthritis, P-F tendonitis, SONK, meniscus tear are detected and illustrated along with normal knee scan finding. We believe LBSKM may not be as good as SPECT or pinhole imaging of the knees in the evaluation of knee pain but superior to routine WBBS in the nuclear medicine department with limited resources of instrumentation and manpower.

  1. Patient-Specific CT-Based Instrumentation versus Conventional Instrumentation in Total Knee Arthroplasty: A Prospective Randomized Controlled Study on Clinical Outcomes and In-Hospital Data

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Andrzej Kotela

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available Total knee arthroplasty (TKA is a frequently performed procedure in orthopaedic surgery. Recently, patient-specific instrumentation was introduced to facilitate correct positioning of implants. The aim of this study was to compare the early clinical results of TKA performed with patient-specific CT-based instrumentation and conventional technique. A prospective, randomized controlled trial on 112 patients was performed between January 2011 and December 2011. A group of 112 patients who met the inclusion and exclusion criteria were enrolled in this study and randomly assigned to an experimental or control group. The experimental group comprised 52 patients who received the Signature CT-based implant positioning system, and the control group consisted of 60 patients with conventional instrumentation. Clinical outcomes were evaluated with the KSS scale, WOMAC scale, and VAS scales to assess knee pain severity and patient satisfaction with the surgery. Specified in-hospital data were recorded. Patients were followed up for 12 months. At one year after surgery, there were no statistically significant differences between groups with respect to clinical outcomes and in-hospital data, including operative time, blood loss, hospital length of stay, intraoperative observations, and postoperative complications. Further high-quality investigations of various patient-specific systems and longer follow-up may be helpful in assessing their utility for TKA.

  2. 浅谈MRI在膝关节隐匿性骨折诊断中的价值%Occult fracture of knee MRI analysis of the clinical diagnosis

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    刘旋辉

    2014-01-01

    Objective: To analyze the clinical diagnosis of MRI for knee occult fractures. Methods: In our hospital between May 2012 October 2013 were treated 74 cases of knee trauma patients, all patients first X-ray and CT scan, and then recheck the use of MRI contrast the two test results. Results:74 cases of patients, X-ray and CT scan were negative, but the MRI examination found that patients with occult fracture with ligament injuries in 29 cases, combined meniscal tear patients, 23 cases of patients with knee joint effusion in 16 cases combined knee hemorrhage in 6 patients. Conclusion: MRI can clearly show the knee occult fractures and complications that can effectively avoid missed or misdiagnosed, is undoubtedly the preferred inspection.%目的:分析MRI在膝关节隐匿性骨折诊断中的临床价值。方法:选取我院在2012年5月-2013年10月间收治的74例膝关节外伤患者,对所有患者先行X线和CT检查,然后采用MRI复检,对比两种检查结果。结果:本组74例患者的X线和CT检查结果均呈阴性,但MRI检查后发现,隐匿性骨折合并韧带损伤患者29例,合并半月板撕裂患者23例,合并膝关节积液的患者16例,合并膝关节积血患者6例。结论:MRI可以清晰地显示出膝关节隐匿性骨折的情况及其并发症,从而有效避免漏诊或误诊,可作为该病的首选检查方法。

  3. The clinical experience of conventional osteotomy for total knee arthroplasty%采用常规截骨方法进行人工全膝关节置换临床体会

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    蔡学文

    2012-01-01

    目的 探讨采用常规截骨方法进行人工全膝关节置换(TKA)治疗多种类型膝关节炎的临床效果.方法 本组54例患者共74膝均采用常规截骨行全膝关节置换手术治疗,均选用后方稳定型固定平台系统假体,并进行6~28个月的随访.结果 随访显示,患者均恢复良好,根据HSS评分标准,本组74膝置换后优53膝(72%),良16膝(22%),可5膝(6%),优良率达93%.显示了常规截骨良好的临床效果.结论 常规截骨是全膝关节置换术中较为理想的截骨方法.%Objective To explore the clinical effect of conventional osteotomy in total knee arthroplasty (TKA) for the treatment of various types of arthritis of the knee . Methods 74 knees of 54 patients were treated with total knee re -placement surgery utilizing conventional osteotomy and rear - stabilizing fixed platform prosthesis. Then follow - up visits were carried out for more than 6 to 28 months respectively. Results The follow - up visits showed that all patients had good recovery , as according to HSS scoring system , 53 (72% ) knees were rated excellent , 16 (22% ) knees good, 5 (6% ) knees fair, the good or excellent rate reached up to 93% , which demonstrated the good clinical effect of conven -tional osteotomy. Conclusion Conventional osteotomy is the ideal method of osteotomy in total knee arthroplasty .

  4. Effect of Joint Line Elevation after Posterior-stabilized and Cruciate-retaining Total Knee Arthroplasty on Clinical Function and Kinematics

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Song-Jie Ji

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available Background: Joint line (JL is a very important factor for total knee arthroplasty (TKA to restore. The objective of this study was to evaluate the early clinical and kinematic results of TKAs with posterior-stabilized (PS or cruciate retaining (CR implants in which the JL was elevated postoperatively. Methods: Data were collected from patients who underwent TKA in our department between April 2011 and April 2014. The patients were divided into two groups based on the prosthesis they received (PS or CR. At 1-year postoperatively, clinical outcomes were evaluated by the American Knee Society (AKS knee score, AKS function score, and patella score. In vivo kinematic analysis after TKA was performed on all patients and a previously validated three-dimensional to two-dimensional image registration technique was used to obtain the kinematic data. Anteroposterior (AP translation of the medial and lateral femoral condyles, and axial rotation relative to the tibial plateau, were analyzed. The data were assessed using the Mann-Whitney test. Results: At time of follow-up, there were differences in the AKS knee scores (P = 0.005, AKS function scores (P = 0.025, patella scores (P = 0.015, and postoperative range of motions (P = 0.004 between the PS group and the CR group. In the PS group, the magnitude of AP translation for the medial and lateral condyle was 4.9 ± 3.0 mm and 12.8 ± 3.3 mm, respectively. Axial rotation of the tibial component relative to the femoral component was 12.9 ± 4.5°. In the CR group, the magnitude of AP translation for the medial and lateral condyle was 4.3 ± 3.5 mm and 7.9 ± 4.2 mm, respectively. The axial rotation was 6.7 ± 5.9°. There were statistically different between PS group and CR group in kinematics postoperatively. Conclusion: Our results demonstrate that postoperative JL elevation had more adverse effects on the clinical and kinematic outcomes of CR TKAs than PS TKAs.

  5. Effect of Joint Line Elevation after Posterior-stabilized and Cruciate-retaining Total Knee Arthroplasty on Clinical Function and Kinematics

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Song-Jie Ji; Yi-Xin Zhou; Xu Jiang; Zhi-Yuan Cheng; Guang-Zhi Wang; Hui Ding; Ming-Lei Yang

    2015-01-01

    Background:Joint line (JL) is a very important factor for total knee arthroplasty (TKA) to restore.The objective of this study was to evaluate the early clinical and kinematic results of TKAs with posterior-stabilized (PS) or cruciate retaining (CR) implants in which the JL was elevated postoperatively.Methods:Data were collected from patients who underwent TKA in our department between April 2011 and April 2014.The patients were divided into two groups based on the prosthesis they received (PS or CR).At 1-year postoperatively,clinical outcomes were evaluated by the American Knee Society (AKS) knee score,AKS function score,and patella score.In vivo kinematic analysis after TKA was performed on all patients and a previously validated three-dimensional to two-dimensional image registration technique was used to obtain the kinematic data.Anteroposterior (AP) translation of the medial and lateral femoral condyles,and axial rotation relative to the tibial plateau,were analyzed.The data were assessed using the Mann-Whitney test.Results:At time of follow-up,there were differences in the AKS knee scores (P =0.005),AKS function scores (P =0.025),patella scores (P =0.015),and postoperative range of motions (P =0.004) between the PS group and the CR group.In the PS group,the magnitude of AP translation for the medial and lateral condyle was 4.9 ± 3.0 mm and 12.8 ± 3.3 mm,respectively.Axial rotation of the tibial component relative to the femoral component was 12.9 ± 4.5°.In the CR group,the magnitude of AP translation for the medial and lateral condyle was 4.3 ± 3.5 mm and 7.9 ± 4.2 mm,respectively.The axial rotation was 6.7 ± 5.9°.There were statistically different between PS group and CR group in kinematics postoperatively.Conclusion:Our results demonstrate that postoperative JL elevation had more adverse effects on the clinical and kinematic outcomes of CR TKAs than PS TKAs.

  6. Prospective multi-centre study on a composite ceramic femoral component in total knee arthroplasty: Five-year clinical and radiological outcomes.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bergschmidt, Philipp; Bader, Rainer; Ganzer, Dirk; Hauzeur, Christian; Lohmann, Christoph H; Krüger, Alexander; Rüther, Wolfgang; Tigani, Domenico; Rani, Nicola; Esteve, José Luis; Prats, Fernando Lopez; Zorzi, Claudio; Madonna, Vincenzo; Rigotti, Stefano; Benazzo, Francesco; Rossi, Stefano Marco Paolo; Mittelmeier, Wolfram

    2015-06-01

    Enhanced wear resistance of ceramics in general and improved mechanical characteristics of composite ceramics in terms of strength and resistance meet the demands for application in TKA. The aim of this prospective international multi-centre study was to evaluate the 5-year clinical and radiological outcomes of an unconstrained TKA with a composite ceramic femoral component. A total of 107 patients (109 knees) underwent TKA with the MULTIGEN-PLUS Ceramic Knee at seven centres in three European countries. Clinical and radiological assessments were performed preoperatively and postoperatively at 3, 12, 24 and 60 months, using HSS, WOMAC, SF-36 and standardised radiographs. Mean HSS and WOMAC increased significantly from 55.1±11.5 (21-83) and 48.1±16.6 (3-90) preoperatively to 85.6±9.6 (49-98) and 73.3±20.4 (17-100) at 60 months. Mean SF-36 showed significant improvements in patients' quality of life (49.1±17.6 (12-96) preoperatively versus 67.7±23.1 (12-100) at 60 months). Non-progressive radiolucent lines (ceramic knee is comparable to other metallic and ceramic unconstrained TKA systems. Although the assessment of long-term implant survivorship is still pending, the ceramic implants represent a promising solution for patients with allergies against metallic components and furthermore for the general osteoarthritis population due to enhanced wear resistance. Copyright © 2015 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.

  7. Prosthetic knee design by simulation

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Hollerbach, K; Hollister, A

    1999-07-30

    Although 150,000 total knee replacement surgeries are performed annually in North America, current designs of knee prostheses have mechanical problems that include a limited range of motion, abnormal gait patterns, patellofemoral joint dysfunction, implant loosening or subsidence, and excessive wear. These problems fall into three categories: failure to reproduce normal joint kinematics, which results in altered limb function; bone-implant interface failure; and material failure. Modern computer technology can be used to design, prototype, and test new total knee implants. The design team uses the full range of CAD-CAM to design and produce implant prototypes for mechanical and clinical testing. Closer approximation of natural knee kinematics and kinetics is essential for improved patient function and diminished implant loads. Current knee replacement designs are based on 19th Century theories that the knee moves about a variable axis of rotation. Recent research has shown, however, that knee motion occurs about two fixed, offset axes of rotation. These aces are not perpendicular to the long axes of the bones or to each other, and the axes do not intersect. Bearing surfaces of mechanisms that move about axes of rotation are surfaces of revolution of those axes which advanced CAD technology can produce. Solids with surfaces of revolution for the two axes of rotation for the knee have been made using an HP9000 workstation and Structural Ideas Master Series CAD software at ArthroMotion. The implant's CAD model should closely replicate movements of the normal knee. The knee model will have a range of flexion-extension (FE) from -5 to 120 degrees. Movements include varus, valgus, internal and external rotation, as well as flexion and extension. The patellofemoral joint is aligned perpendicular to the FE axis and replicates the natural joint more closely than those of existing prostheses. The bearing surfaces will be more congruent than current designs and should

  8. The effects of total knee replacement and non-surgical treatment on pain sensitization and clinical pain

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Skou, S. T.; Roos, E. M.; Simonsen, O.;

    2016-01-01

    BACKGROUND: The objective was to compare the effect of total knee replacement (TKR) followed by a 3-month non-surgical treatment with the non-surgical treatment alone in reducing pain sensitization and other pain-related measures in patients with knee osteoarthritis. METHODS: One hundred patients...... were randomized to (1) TKR followed by a non-surgical treatment of neuromuscular exercise, education, diet, insoles and pain medication or (2) the non-surgical treatment alone. Outcomes assessed at baseline and after 3 months were as follows: (1) pain sensitization assessed as pressure-pain thresholds...... no significant between-group differences in change in the pain-related measures from baseline to 3 months (p = 0.15-0.27). Both groups improved in most of the pain-related measures (p treatment is more effective in reducing localized and spreading...

  9. Clinical and radiographic results of arthroscopic partial lateral meniscectomies in stable knees with a minimum follow up of 20 years

    OpenAIRE

    Hulet, Christophe; Menetrey, Jacques; Beaufils, Philippe; Chambat, Pierre; DJIAN, Patrick; Hardy, Philippe; POTEL, Jean-François; Servien, Elvire; Seil, Romain; SOCIETE FRANCAISE D'ARTHROSCOPIE - SFA

    2015-01-01

    Purpose The purpose of this retrospective multicentric study was to evaluate the long-term effects of lateral meniscectomy and to identify those patients who are at the most risk of developing osteoarthritis (OA). Methods Eighty-nine arthroscopic partial lateral meniscectomies in stable knees with a mean follow-up of 22 ± 3 years were included. The following influencing factors were analyzed: age, sex, body mass index (BMI), physical activity, alignment, the types of meniscal lesions, the ext...

  10. [Follow-up of patients with knee endoprostheses of the orthopedic clinic of the Dresden "Carl Gustav Carus" Medical Academy].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hegner, S; Manitz, U; Schulze, K J

    1990-01-01

    A report is given about an examination of 143 knee prostheses which were implanted between 1973 bis 1983. After biomechanic points of view the used prostheses were divided in four types. Very good to good results were found there in 70-80% of cases. Most positive results were reached by the so called sledge prostheses. In 44% of cases there were observed complications. The rate of complications is about 12% higher by patients whose basic disease is pcP.

  11. Analysis of clinically important factors on the performance of advanced hydraulic, microprocessor-controlled exo-prosthetic knee joints based on 899 trial fittings

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hahn, Andreas; Lang, Michael; Stuckart, Claudia

    2016-01-01

    Abstract The objective of this work is to evaluate whether clinically important factors may predict an individual's capability to utilize the functional benefits provided by an advanced hydraulic, microprocessor-controlled exo-prosthetic knee component. This retrospective cross-sectional cohort analysis investigated the data of above knee amputees captured during routine trial fittings. Prosthetists rated the performance indicators showing the functional benefits of the advanced maneuvering capabilities of the device. Subjects were asked to rate their perception. Simple and multiple linear and logistic regression was applied. Data from 899 subjects with demographics typical for the population were evaluated. Ability to vary gait speed, perform toileting, and ascend stairs were identified as the most sensitive performance predictors. Prior C-Leg users showed benefits during advanced maneuvering. Variables showed plausible and meaningful effects, however, could not claim predictive power. Mobility grade showed the largest effect but also failed to be predictive. Clinical parameters such as etiology, age, mobility grade, and others analyzed here do not suffice to predict individual potential. Daily walking distance may pose a threshold value and be part of a predictive instrument. Decisions based solely on single parameters such as mobility grade rating or walking distance seem to be questionable. PMID:27828871

  12. Analysis of clinically important factors on the performance of advanced hydraulic, microprocessor-controlled exo-prosthetic knee joints based on 899 trial fittings.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hahn, Andreas; Lang, Michael; Stuckart, Claudia

    2016-11-01

    The objective of this work is to evaluate whether clinically important factors may predict an individual's capability to utilize the functional benefits provided by an advanced hydraulic, microprocessor-controlled exo-prosthetic knee component.This retrospective cross-sectional cohort analysis investigated the data of above knee amputees captured during routine trial fittings. Prosthetists rated the performance indicators showing the functional benefits of the advanced maneuvering capabilities of the device. Subjects were asked to rate their perception. Simple and multiple linear and logistic regression was applied.Data from 899 subjects with demographics typical for the population were evaluated. Ability to vary gait speed, perform toileting, and ascend stairs were identified as the most sensitive performance predictors. Prior C-Leg users showed benefits during advanced maneuvering. Variables showed plausible and meaningful effects, however, could not claim predictive power. Mobility grade showed the largest effect but also failed to be predictive.Clinical parameters such as etiology, age, mobility grade, and others analyzed here do not suffice to predict individual potential. Daily walking distance may pose a threshold value and be part of a predictive instrument. Decisions based solely on single parameters such as mobility grade rating or walking distance seem to be questionable.

  13. The clinical observation of imrecoxib tablets in retrogressive knee arthritis%艾瑞昔布片治疗退行性膝关节炎的临床疗效观察

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    陈建洪; 吴桂红; 邓莎

    2016-01-01

    目的:观察艾瑞昔布片治疗退行性膝关节炎的临床疗效。方法108例退行性膝关节炎患者接受口服艾瑞昔布片治疗8周,通过视觉模拟评分法(VAS)和 Lysholm 膝关节评分,分析治疗前,治疗后第2、4、6、8周的疼痛程度和膝关节功能。结果随着治疗时间的延长,患者疼痛 VAS 评分逐渐降低,膝关节功能改善 Lysholm 膝关节评分逐渐升高,差异均有统计学意义(P <0.05)。结论艾瑞昔布片治疗退行性膝关节炎疗效确切,值得临床推广。%Objective To discuss the clinical efficacy and safety of imrecoxib tablets for curing the retrogressive knee arthritis. Methods 108 patients with retrogressive knee arthritis receive oral imrecoxib tablets treatment for 8 weeks. By the visual analogue scale(VAS)and the Lysholm knee grade,analysis level of pain and knee joint function before treatment and af_ter treatment for 2,4,6,8 weeks. Results With the extension of treatment time,the pain VAS score of patients gradually re_duce,knee joint function improve,the Lysholm knee grade gradually increase. the differences were statistically significant(P <0. 05). Conclusion The clinical efficacy of Imrecoxib Tablets for curing the retrogressive knee arthritis is definite,is worthy of clinical promotion.

  14. Clinical observe the effect of surgical treatment for knee joint injury%临床手术治疗膝关节损伤的效果观察

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    杨自龙; 张秀阳

    2014-01-01

    Objective To observe the clinical effect of surgical treatment of knee injuries, and to provide basis for clinical medicine, improve the cure rate of patients with injury of knee joint. Selection Methods Our hospital in 2011~2012 in July, July after surgical treatment of 88 cases of patients with knee injuries, after surgery for the patient to take keuchi joints, grading and Lysholm scale and to evaluate the surgical treatment curative effect, observe the patient's symptoms and complications, analysis the clinical therapeutic effect. Results After more than 1 year of follow-up work, 88 patients with joint injury in 56 cases patients with surgical curative effect evaluation for the best, 63.6%, 29.5% (26 cases) patients evaluation of curative effect good, with 6.8% (6 cases) of curative effect evaluation for patients, no cases, with poor therapeutic effect evaluation for patients with surgical treatment rate reached 93.4%, obviously improve the Lysholm knee injury patients before the operation scale, the Lysholm rating of patient were obviously improved after the surgery(P<0.05). Conclusion In clinical surgery in the treatment of patients with knee injuries, have obvious effect, helps to improve the recovery rate of patients, reduce the incidence of complications, improve patient's satis-faction, is worth popularization in clinical medicine.%目的:观察临床手术治疗膝关节损伤的效果,为临床医学提供依据,提高膝关节损伤患者的治愈率。方法选取我院在2011年7月-2012年7月经过手术治疗的膝关节损伤患者88例,手术后对患者采取keuchi关节评分和Lysholm评分,评定手术治疗疗效,观察患者的体征和术后并发症情况,分析临床治疗效果。结果经过1年多的随访工作,88例骨关节损伤患者有56例患者的手术疗效评定为优,比例为63.6%,有29.5%(26例)的患者疗效评定为良,有6.8%(6例)的患者疗效评定为可,没有出现治疗

  15. 膝关节单室置换的近期疗效%Short-term clinical outcomes of unicompartmental knee replacement

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    孙康; 田少奇; 张积华; 张才龙; 夏长所; 于腾波

    2009-01-01

    目的 探讨Oxford Ⅲ代假体行单室置换治疗膝关节内侧室骨关节炎的适应证和近期疗效.方法 2006年5月至2008年5月,采用Oxford Ⅲ代假体行膝关节单室置换患者21例30膝,男9例12膝,女12例18膝;年龄46~76岁,平均(61.4±7.3)岁;体重68~89 kg,平均(75.8±6.1)kg;身高1.157~1.75 m,平均(1.65±0.06)m;体重指数(BMI)24.73~31.64 kg/m2,平均(27.92±2.12)kg/m2.术前膝关节活动范围为122.1°±4.4°.比较手术前、后X线片,并采用配对t检验对手术前、后KSS临床及功能评分、WOMAC评分以及膝关节活动范围等计量数据进行统计学分析.结果 患者平均手术时间(83.0±12.9)min,平均住院时间(9.3±2.0)d.术后无一例患者发生感染、血栓形成和活动半月板脱位等并发症.21例患者均获得随访,随访时间12~36个月,平均17个月.冠状位胫股外侧角由术前平均182.0°±4.3°减至术后177.0°±3.5°;KSS临床和功能评分分别由术前平均(44.0±3.7)分和(54.0±5.1)分增至术后(93.0±3.2)分和(92.0±2.4)分.WOMAC评分由术前平均(48.0±4.2)分减至术后(14.0±2.5)分.结论 Oxford Ⅲ代假体行单窜置换的近期疗效理想,是治疗膝关节内侧室骨关节炎的一个良好手术选择.%Objective To explore the indication and observe short-term clinical outcome of the medial Oxford Ⅲ mobile bearing unicompartmental knee replacement (UKR) through a minimal invasive approach for the patients with osteoarthritis of the knee. Methods A retrospective study of the clinical outcomes from May 2006 to May 2008 was done on 30 knees in 21 patients after receiving the UKR with the mobile bearing Oxford Ⅲ prosthesis. There were 9 males (12 knees), 12 females (18 knees), with the mean age of (61.4±7.3) years (ranged 46-76 years). All patients were evaluated pre and postoperatively using X-ray image, the Knee Society Score (KSS) and the WOMAC osteoarthritis index and examined the ROM and the varus deformity of the knee

  16. Physiotherapy management of knee osteoarthritis.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Page, Carolyn J; Hinman, Rana S; Bennell, Kim L

    2011-05-01

    Knee osteoarthritis (OA) is a prevalent chronic joint disease causing pain and disability. Physiotherapy, which encompasses a number of modalities, is a non-invasive treatment option in the management of OA. This review summarizes the evidence for commonly used physiotherapy interventions. There is strong evidence to show short-term beneficial effects of exercise on pain and function, although the type of exercise does not seem to influence treatment outcome. Delivery modes, including individual, group or home exercise are all effective, although therapist contact may improve benefits. Attention to improving adherence to exercise is needed to maximize outcomes in the longer-term. Knee taping applied with the aim of realigning the patella and unloading soft tissues can reduce pain. There is also evidence to support the use of knee braces in people with knee OA. Biomechanical studies show that lateral wedge shoe insoles reduce knee load but clinical trials do not support symptomatic benefits. Recent studies suggest individual shoe characteristics also affect knee load and there is current interest in the effect of modified shoe designs. Manual therapy, while not to be used as a stand-alone treatment, may be beneficial. In summary, although the research is not equivocal, there is sufficient evidence to indicate that physiotherapy interventions can reduce pain and improve function in those with knee OA.

  17. High volume acupuncture clinic (HVAC) for chronic knee pain--audit of a possible model for delivery of acupuncture in the National Health Service.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Berkovitz, Saul; Cummings, Mike; Perrin, Chris; Ito, Rieko

    2008-03-01

    Recent research has established the efficacy, effectiveness and cost effectiveness of acupuncture for some forms of chronic musculoskeletal pain. However, there are practical problems with delivery which currently prevent its large scale implementation in the National Health Service. We have developed a delivery model at our hospital, a 'high volume' acupuncture clinic (HVAC) in which patients are treated in a group setting for single conditions using standardised or semi-standardised electroacupuncture protocols by practitioners with basic training. We discuss our experiences using this model for chronic knee pain and present an outcome audit for the first 77 patients, demonstrating satisfactory initial (eight week) clinical results. Longer term (one year) data are currently being collected and the model should next be tested in primary care to confirm its feasibility.

  18. 膝痛消熏洗方治疗膝骨性关节炎临床疗效和护理体会%Clinical effect and nursing experience on treating knee osteoarthritis with Xitongxiao pumigation recipe

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    龚友梅

    2013-01-01

    膝骨性关节炎是骨科常见疾病,临床主要表现为膝关节疼痛,严重影响患者生活质量。膝痛消熏洗方治疗膝骨性关节炎具有良好的效果,其疗效及护理体会现报道如下。%Knee osteoarthritis is a common orthopedic diseases, the main clinical manifestations of it is knee pain, seriously affecting the quality of life of patients. Xitongxiao pumigation recipe is effective on treating knee osteoarthritis; its clinical effect and nursing experience are reported as follows.

  19. 创伤性膝关节功能障碍的治疗%Clinical study of the management of posttraumatic knee joint dysfunction

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    陈禄

    2011-01-01

    Objective: To evaluate the comprehensive clinical management of posttraumatic knee joint dysfunction( PKJD). Method: From 2003 to 2008,83 patients (90 knees) with posttraumatic knee joint dysfunction were treated with conservative procedures including training of muscle strength, range of motion ( ROM ) ,proprioception or neuromuscular control, general physical condition; and surgical procedures including Thompson's procedures, improved Judet's technique, extra-articular mini -invasive quadricepsplasty + intra-articular arthrofibroticlysis,Ilizarov technique, total Knee arthroplasty. Result: All of the 90 cases did not receive systematic rehabilitation therapy before they came in hospital. At our center, 68 of them were managed conservatively and 22 of them surgically. The average ROM of the involved knee was 0° - 9. 5° - 56. 3° at the time of admission,and 0° -4.7° -89. 8° when they were discharged,the difference is significant statistically(P <0.01). 30 cases remained 5C - 10° knee extension lag. 5 cases who were treated with Iizarove technique showed uncomfortable results, and 3 cases got psychosocical problem. 73 cases were followed up in average 20. 5 months and all the knees were able to extend to 0°. Conclusion: Unable to receive ideal surgical treatment after trauma and systematic rehabilitation therapy after surgery are the very important factors of posttraumatic knee joint dysfunction,the management of PKJD is difficult and time consuming, systematic rehabilitation programs and adequate surgical intervention induce good results. Knee arthroplasty knee injuries after treatment were late serious function obstacle is a kind of effective method.%目的:探讨创伤后膝关节功能障碍(PKJD)的综合治疗及疗效.方法:了解本院骨科创伤后膝关节功能障碍患者83例(90膝).治疗包括系统正规的康复手段以及手术介入.康复手段包括肌力训练、关节活动范围训练、神经生理治疗技术、身体适应

  20. Local infiltration analgesia; an effective method for pain relief and patient\\\\\\'s satisfaction after total knee arthroplasty: a randomized clinical trial

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mehdi Moghtadaei

    2013-10-01

    Full Text Available Background: Pain is one of the greatest concerns of patients undergoing total knee arthroplasty (TKA; which is severe and intolerable within 72 hours post-surgery. Appropriate pain management is a key factor in patient's early mobilization, launching physiotherapy, less hospital length of stay and more importantly, patient's satisfaction. New studies with the infiltration of combined analgesic agents peri and intra-articularly has shown encouraging results in pain reduction, good clinical outcome and patient's satisfaction. The purpose of this study was to compare the analgesic effect of locally infiltrated analgesia (I compared with single injection femoral nerve block (F and its impact on pain relief, patient's satisfaction, morphine consumption and clinical outcome. Methods: This research was a double-blind randomized clinical trial on 36 consecutive patients undergone TKA divided into group (F in which the ipsilateral femoral nerve in the inguinal area was blocked by a single injection of 20 ml ropivacaine (10 mg/ml and group (I which a combination of ketorolac, ropivacaine and epinephrine was injected peri and intra-articularly on the knee during TKA. Pain intensity measured by visual analog scale (VAS, clinical outcome (based on range of motion, morphine consumption and patient's satisfaction of pain management after TKA were compared between the two groups. Results: Pain intensity score (VAS and Morphine consumption were statistically less in group I than group F during the first 6 hours and 24 hours post surgery respectively (P< 0.05; however, group F had 12-hour VAS score of 5 which was less than group (I by 1 grade in pain scale (VAS (P< 0.05. Other parameters were not statistically different in the two groups and patients' response to our pain management protocols proved to be satisfactory in both groups. Conclusion: Lower level of pain and morphine consumption in group (I during the first 24 hours post-surgery in contrast to group (F

  1. 3种热疗法治疗膝骨关节炎的临床疗效比较%Clinical Study of 3 Thermotherapies for Knee Osteoarthritis

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    刘晓亭; 李春日; 董宝强

    2012-01-01

    OBJECTIVE To observe the effects of traditional moxibustion instruments, the newly developed moxibustion instrument of its own, and TDP treating knee osteoarthritis and to evaluate the clinical effects including different types of thermotherapies' and the newly developed moxibustion instruments effects on knee osteoarthritis. METHODS Based on the multi -central and random principle, 316 patients were randomly divided into the traditional moxibustion group, the moxibustion instrument group, and the TDP group with serial numbers, treated continuously for 4 weeks, followed for 2 months. JOA osteoarthritis index evaluation and VAS pain score were conducted before and after the treatment respectively, in order to compare, and make a statistical analysis of different types of thermotherapies' effects on knee osteoarthritis. RESULTS 3 groups all show a remarkable effect on alleviating pain and improving knee joint functions. The effect of moxibustion instruments on treating the swelling of knee osteoarthritis and improve its flexion function was superior to other therapies (P<0.05), the same of traditional moxibustion instruments and the newly developed moxibustion instrument to TDP (Pknee osteoarthritis than traditional moxibustion and TDP.%目的 观察传统灸、新型灸疗器、特定电磁波治疗仪(TDP)治疗膝骨关节炎,进行临床疗效评价,观察各种热疗法对膝骨性关节炎的疗效,评价自行研制的新型灸疗器的临床疗效.方法 采用多中心、随机原则膝骨关节炎患者按序号随机分为传统灸组、灸疗器组、TDP组,共316例患者,连续治疗4周,随访2个月.分别于治疗前后进行JOA骨性关节炎指数评价和疼痛VAS评分,观察比较各种热疗法的临床疗效并进行统计学分析.结果 3组均显示明显的镇痛效果,并且对膝

  2. Clinical Effect of Bushen Huoxue Decoction Treating Knee Osteoarthritis%补肾活血汤治疗膝骨关节炎20例

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张志强

    2012-01-01

    Objective: To observe and summarize the therapeutic effect of self-made BSHXD, a decoction reinforcing the kidney and activating blood circulation for treating Knee Osteoarthritis. Method -. A retrospective analysis of the treatment to 35 cases of Knee Osteoarthritis is conducted, which is based on the data from April 2009 to May 2011, among which, 20 cases of the treatment group were treated by self-made BSHXD, coupled with TDP physiotherapy treatment and active functional exercise of the knee; the other 15 cases of the contrast group were treated by Glucosamine Gulfate, also combined with TDP physiotherapy treatment and active functional exercise of the knee. Both the clinical effects of the two groups were observed. Results: BSHXD can obviously decrease the symptom integral of pain, tenderness, swelling, joint ROM, dysfunction, etc, which is better than that of the contrast group ( P<0.05 ) . In the treatment group, 1 case had been clinically controlled, 10 cases had obvious effect,8 cases had effect, still 1 case had no effect, the total effective rate was 95%. The clinical effect is much better than that of control group ( P<0.05 ). Conclusion: Self-made BSHXD has affirmative effect on Knee Osteoarthritis. It is worthy of widespread application.%目的:总结观察自拟补肾活血汤对膝关节骨性关节炎的治疗效果.方法:回顾性分析2009年4月-2011年5月治疗35例膝骨关节炎的情况,其中治疗组20例采用自拟补肾活血汤内服结合TDP理疗和膝部功能锻炼,对照组15例采用硫酸氨基葡萄糖口服结合TDP理疗和膝部功能锻炼,观察临床疗效.结果:补肾活血汤组能显著降低患者的疼痛、压痛、肿胀、关节活动度、功能障碍等病状积分,优于硫酸氨基葡萄糖组(P<0.05).治疗组临床控制1例,显效10例,有效8例,无效1倒,总有效率95%,治疗效果显著性优于对照组(P<0.05).结论:自拟补肾活血汤治疗膝骨关节炎疗效确切,值得临床推广应用.

  3. Unusual Cause of Knee Locking

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Gazi Huri

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available We report a case of partial intrasubstance tear of popliteus tendon as an unusual cause of pseudolocking of the knee. A 13-year-old semiprofessional soccer player applied to our clinic with a locked right knee in spite of the therapy applied (cold pack, NSAID, and immobilization in another institution 20 days after the injury. Significant extension loss was observed in his right knee with 30∘–90∘ ROM. Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI and arthroscopy confirmed the intrasubstance tear of popliteus tendon and synovitis. The ruptured part of the tendon was debrided, and the inflammatory tissue around the tendon, which may lead to pseudolocking, was gently removed with a shaver in order to regain the normal ROM. The patient was discharged with full ROM and weight bearing first day after the surgery. To our knowledge, this is the first case demonstrating intrasubstance tear of popliteus tendon causing pseudolocking of the knee.

  4. No difference in clinical outcome between patella eversion and lateral retraction in total knee arthroplasty: a systemic review and meta-analysis.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zan, Pengfei; Sun, Wei; Yang, Yong; Cai, Xinyu; Ma, Xiaojun; Li, Guodong

    2015-06-01

    Surgical exposure during total knee arthroplasty (TKA) requires mobilization technique of the patella. Proponents of minimally invasive TKA claim that lateral retraction, rather than eversion, of the patella may be beneficial. Many randomized controlled studies attempt to identify this issue; however, no final conclusion arrives. With this systemic review and meta-analysis, we intended to test whether patella eversion during TKA had deleterious effects. A comprehensive literature search was performed in PubMed, MEDLINE, EMBASE and other internet database. We retrieved all the relevant studies designed to interpret this issue. The searching time frame was from the establishing of these databases until July 2014. Six randomized controlled trials assessing a total of 414 patients and 451 knees were included. The duration of surgery was much shorter (p = 0.003), and the length of skin incision was much longer (p Patella eversion could decrease the duration of the surgery; nevertheless, the length of skin incision was longer; no significant difference was found on other measurements, especially the quadriceps strength and complications which were concerned. Patella eversion and patella lateral retraction could achieve similar clinical outcomes. Systematic review and meta-analysis, Level I.

  5. Hand-held dynamometry in patients with haematological malignancies: Measurement error in the clinical assessment of knee extension strength

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Uebelhart Daniel

    2009-03-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background Hand-held dynamometry is a portable and inexpensive method to quantify muscle strength. To determine if muscle strength has changed, an examiner must know what part of the difference between a patient's pre-treatment and post-treatment measurements is attributable to real change, and what part is due to measurement error. This study aimed to determine the relative and absolute reliability of intra and inter-observer strength measurements with a hand-held dynamometer (HHD. Methods Two observers performed maximum voluntary peak torque measurements (MVPT for isometric knee extension in 24 patients with haematological malignancies. For each patient, the measurements were carried out on the same day. The main outcome measures were the intraclass correlation coefficient (ICC ± 95%CI, the standard error of measurement (SEM, the smallest detectable difference (SDD, the relative values as % of the grand mean of the SEM and SDD, and the limits of agreement for the intra- and inter-observer '3 repetition average' and the 'highest value of 3 MVPT' knee extension strength measures. Results The intra-observer ICCs were 0.94 for the average of 3 MVPT (95%CI: 0.86–0.97 and 0.86 for the highest value of 3 MVPT (95%CI: 0.71–0.94. The ICCs for the inter-observer measurements were 0.89 for the average of 3 MVPT (95%CI: 0.75–0.95 and 0.77 for the highest value of 3 MVPT (95%CI: 0.54–0.90. The SEMs for the intra-observer measurements were 6.22 Nm (3.98% of the grand mean (GM and 9.83 Nm (5.88% of GM. For the inter-observer measurements, the SEMs were 9.65 Nm (6.65% of GM and 11.41 Nm (6.73% of GM. The SDDs for the generated parameters varied from 17.23 Nm (11.04% of GM to 27.26 Nm (17.09% of GM for intra-observer measurements, and 26.76 Nm (16.77% of GM to 31.62 Nm (18.66% of GM for inter-observer measurements, with similar results for the limits of agreement. Conclusion The results indicate that there is acceptable relative reliability

  6. The Comparison between Two Methods for the Relief of Knee Osteoarthritis Pain: Radiofrequency and Intra-Periarticular Ozone Injection: A Clinical Trial Study

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Masoud Hashemi

    2016-07-01

    Full Text Available Knee osteoarthritis is not always well controlled by usual treatments, therefore new therapeutic methods such as radiofrequency and ozone injection should be investigated. Comparing the efficacy of two methods: radiofrequency and intra-periarticular ozone injection. This randomized clinical trial study was performed in an academic Pain Clinic of Guilan University of Medical Sciences in Iran from September 2014 to June 2015. The research was carried out on seventy-two patients, were randomly allocated in two groups by triple blocks. thirty-six patients in ozone group received intra-periarticular ozone injection and 36 patients in RF group, after a positive diagnostic genicular nerve blocks received Conventional Radiofrequency(CRFand then intra articular Pulse Radiofrequency(PRF. The evaluation was based on Visual Analog Scale (VAS and Oxford Knee Score (OKS before and 12 weeks after the procedure. The analysis was performed by paired t-test, Fisher, Chi square and Mann-Whitney-U tests in SPSS version18. In Ozone group the mean of initial OKS was 38.77±7.75 compare to 41.22±7.44 in RF group. After 12 weeks, it diminish ed to 21.77±7.78 and 22±6.21 respectively (p=0.0001 . In Ozone group VAS decreased from 9±1.43 to 3.38±1.79 (p=0.0001 while in RF group from 9.44±0.85 to 2.77±1.06 (p=0.0001. Comparing two methods, there was no significant difference between two groups based on OKS(p=0.23 and VAS (p=0.202. Also RF resulted in more acceptable pain relief based on OKS among subjects older than 65 years (p=0.0001. Both radiofrequency and intra-periarticular ozone injection have good clinical effects on knee osteoarthritis with superiority of radio frequency in age above 65 years old.

  7. Water on the Knee

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... your knee joint. Some people call this condition "water on the knee." A swollen knee may be ... Choose low-impact exercise. Certain activities, such as water aerobics and swimming, don't place continuous weight- ...

  8. Knee pain (image)

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... front of the knee can be due to bursitis, arthritis, or softening of the patella cartilage as ... knee. Overall knee pain can be due to bursitis, arthritis, tears in the ligaments, osteoarthritis of the ...

  9. Knee microfracture surgery

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cartilage regeneration - knee ... Three types of anesthesia may be used for knee arthroscopy surgery: Medicine to relax you, and shots of painkillers to numb the knee Spinal (regional) anesthesia General anesthesia (you will be ...

  10. Preventing Knee Injuries

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... Our Newsletter Donate Blog Skip breadcrumb navigation Preventing Knee Injuries Knee injuries in children and adolescent athletes ... this PDF Share this page: WHAT ARE COMMON KNEE INJURIES? Pain Syndromes One of the most common ...

  11. Role of flexors in knee stability.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Chen, C Y; Jiang, C C; Jan, M H; Lai, J S

    1995-05-01

    The muscle strength of knee extensors is commonly used as an indicator of a patient's functional recovery following reconstruction of the anterior cruciate ligament (ACL). The knee flexors are dynamic stabilizers that prevent tibial anterior displacement and may reinforce the function of the ACL. The purpose of this study was to examine the relationship of knee flexor performance assessed by isokinetic dynamometer and clinical evaluations including KT-1000 stability tests, shuttle run tests, thigh and calf circumference and range of motion of the knee joint. Ten patients who received ACL reconstruction over a 3- to 5-year period were included in this study, as were 15 normal controls who were tested for comparison. There was no significant difference in the time taken for the shuttle run test between normal controls and patients who underwent ACL, but there was a positive correlation between the shuttle run test and laxity of the knee joint. The knee laxity of ACL patients was significantly greater than that of the normal controls under passive anterior force. However, no significant difference was seen in the stability test under active contraction of the knee extensors. In addition, a positive correlation was seen between the KT-1000 knee ligament arthrometry test results and both torque acceleration energy and the average power of the flexors. These results suggest that physical therapy for patients following ACL reconstruction should emphasize the explosiveness of knee flexors to help strengthen the dynamic stability of the knee joint and motor performance.

  12. Clinical experiences with a convertible thermoplastic knee-ankle-foot orthosis for post-stroke hemiplegic patients.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kakurai, S; Akai, M

    1996-12-01

    As rehabilitation for post-stroke hemiplegic patients has become widely accepted practice, there has been an increase in patients who are more difficult to treat. In the prescription rationale of orthoses for hemiplegics, the knee-ankle-foot orthosis (KAFO) for the lower limb has generally been underestimated because of its inhibitory effect on the normal walking pattern and also its interference with gait training. The authors had an experience of 28 hemiplegics with severe physical impairments who were fitted with a convertible plastic KAFO. Among these patients, there were 11 cases in which the KAFO was replaced by an ankle-foot orthosis (AFO) within 1.5 to 8 months (average 4 months) following initial prescription when they were able to control their knee actively. Ambulatory capability in these patients was superior to that of the remaining KAFO group. The Barthel index of the AFO group patients was higher than the KAFO group (p < 0.01). However neither age, sex, severity of hemiplegia, starting time of rehabilitation following onset of stroke, time of fitting with the orthosis, nor the functional recovery stage were critical factors between the two groups, only the incidence of major complications affected ambulatory capability.

  13. Clinical Study of 3D Imaging and 3D Printing Technique for Patient-Specific Instrumentation in Total Knee Arthroplasty.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Qiu, Bing; Liu, Fei; Tang, Bensen; Deng, Biyong; Liu, Fang; Zhu, Weimin; Zhen, Dong; Xue, Mingyuan; Zhang, Mingjiao

    2017-01-25

    Patient-specific instrumentation (PSI) was designed to improve the accuracy of preoperative planning and postoperative prosthesis positioning in total knee arthroplasty (TKA). However, better understanding needs to be achieved due to the subtle nature of the PSI systems. In this study, 3D printing technique based on the image data of computed tomography (CT) has been utilized for optimal controlling of the surgical parameters. Two groups of TKA cases have been randomly selected as PSI group and control group with no significant difference of age and sex (p > 0.05). The PSI group is treated with 3D printed cutting guides whereas the control group is treated with conventional instrumentation (CI). By evaluating the proximal osteotomy amount, distal osteotomy amount, valgus angle, external rotation angle, and tibial posterior slope angle of patients, it can be found that the preoperative quantitative assessment and intraoperative changes can be controlled with PSI whereas CI is relied on experience. In terms of postoperative parameters, such as hip-knee-ankle (HKA), frontal femoral component (FFC), frontal tibial component (FTC), and lateral tibial component (LTC) angles, there is a significant improvement in achieving the desired implant position (p implantation compared against control method, which indicates potential for optimal HKA, FFC, and FTC angles.

  14. Clinical Effect of Joint Replacement in the Treatment of Elderly Patients with Knee OsteoarthritisSenile degenerative osteoarthritis of knee joint line treatment the clinical effect of analysis of joint replacement%关节置换术治疗老年膝关节退行性骨关节炎患者的临床疗效

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张冠东

    2015-01-01

    目的:探讨关节置换术治疗老年膝关节退行性骨关节炎患者的临床疗效。方法选取2012年6月至2014年5月阜新市中医医院收治的52例老年膝关节退行性骨关节炎患者作为研究对象,所有患者均行膝关节置换术。术后6个月,比较患者术前、术后的骨性关节炎指数评分(WOMAC)评分、日常生活能力量表(ADL)评分。结果患者术后WOMAC评分为(5.1±2.1)分,明显低于手术前的(9.4±1.5)分,差异有统计学意义(χ2=6.362,P<0.05);术后患者的完全依赖率明显低于术前,轻度依赖、中度依赖率均明显高于术前,差异均有统计学意义(均P<0.05)。结论关节置换术治疗老年膝关节退行性骨关节炎临床疗效明显,可有效改善患者的关节功能、活动度,提高生活能力。%Objective To explore the clinical effect of the treatment of knee joint replacement in elderly patients with knee osteoarthritisto explore the senile degenerative osteoarthritis of knee joint line of the clinical curative effect of joint replacement therapy.Methods From June 2012 to May 2014,52 cases of elderly patients with knee osteo- arthritis were treated as the research object,and al patients underwent knee joint replacement.6 months after surgery, compared with preoperative and postoperative Osteoarthritis Index (WOMAC)score,daily life ability scale(ADL) scor- eselect our hospital from June 2012 to May 2014 were 52 patients with senile degenerative osteoarthritis of knee joint as the research object, this group of patients in our hospital line joint replacement, compare the treatment of patients with preoperative and postoperative effect.Results Postoperative WOMAC score was(5.1±2.1)points,significantly lower than before surgery(9.4±1.5)points,the diference was statisticaly significant(χ2=6.362,P<0.05);totaly dependent on the rate of patients was significantly lower before surgery,mild dependence

  15. Changes in knee kinematics following total knee arthroplasty.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Akbari Shandiz, Mohsen; Boulos, Paul; Saevarsson, Stefan Karl; Yoo, Sam; Miller, Stephen; Anglin, Carolyn

    2016-04-01

    Total knee arthroplasty (TKA) changes the knee joint in both intentional and unintentional, known and unknown, ways. Patellofemoral and tibiofemoral kinematics play an important role in postoperative pain, function, satisfaction and revision, yet are largely unknown. Preoperative kinematics, postoperative kinematics or changes in kinematics may help identify causes of poor clinical outcome. Patellofemoral kinematics are challenging to record since the patella is obscured by the metal femoral component in X-ray and moves under the skin. The purpose of this study was to determine the kinematic degrees of freedom having significant changes and to evaluate the variability in individual changes to allow future study of patients with poor clinical outcomes. We prospectively studied the 6 degrees of freedom patellofemoral and tibiofemoral weightbearing kinematics, tibiofemoral contact points and helical axes of rotation of nine subjects before and at least 1 year after total knee arthroplasty using clinically available computed tomography and radiographic imaging systems. Normal kinematics for healthy individuals were identified from the literature. Significant differences existed between pre-TKA and post-TKA kinematics, with the post-TKA kinematics being closer to normal. While on average the pre-total knee arthroplasty knees in this group displayed no pivoting (only translation), individually only five knees displayed this behaviour (of these, two showed lateral pivoting, one showed medial pivoting and one showed central pivoting). There was considerable variability postoperatively as well (five central, two lateral and two medial pivoting). Both preop and postop, flexion behaviour was more hinge-like medially and more rolling laterally. Helical axes were more consistent postop for this group. An inclusive understanding of the pre-TKA and post-TKA kinematics and changes in kinematics due to total knee arthroplasty could improve implant design, patient diagnosis and

  16. 硫酸氨基葡萄糖结合关节腔内注射透明质酸钠治疗膝骨关节炎的疗效观察%Clinical observation on knee osteoarthritis treated with glucosamine sulfate and sodium hyaluronate injecting into knee joint

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    陈静

    2014-01-01

    Objective To observe the clinical effect of knee osteoarthritis treated with glucosamine sulfate and hyaluronate injecting into knee joint. Methods Divided 98 cases of patient with knee osteoarthritis into two groups. 49 cases in each group, treatment group was treated with oral glucosamine sulfate and articular cavity injection of sodium hyaluronate, control group was treated with sodium hyaluronate alone, clinical effects of two groups were observed. Results The clinical effect of treatment group and control group were 93.9%and 81.6%, there was a significant difference between these two groups(P<0.05). Conclusion Combined glucosamine sulfate with sodium hyaluronate injecting into knee joint can improve the clinical effect of knee osteoarthritis.%目的:探讨硫酸氨基葡萄糖结合关节腔内注射透明质酸钠对治疗膝骨关节炎的临床效果。方法膝骨关节炎患者98例,随机分成两组,治疗组和对照组,治疗组49例给予口服硫酸氨基葡萄糖加关节腔内注射透明质酸钠,对照组49例单纯给予关节腔内注射透明质酸钠,观察两组的临床疗效。结果治疗组总有效率93.9%,对照组总有效率81.6%,治疗组高于对照组,差异有统计学意义(P<0.05)。结论硫酸氨基葡萄糖结合关节腔内注射透明质酸钠可以提高膝骨关节炎的疗效。

  17. Parametric modelling of a knee joint prosthesis.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Khoo, L P; Goh, J C; Chow, S L

    1993-01-01

    This paper presents an approach for the establishment of a parametric model of knee joint prosthesis. Four different sizes of a commercial prosthesis are used as an example in the study. A reverse engineering technique was employed to reconstruct the prosthesis on CATIA, a CAD (computer aided design) system. Parametric models were established as a result of the analysis. Using the parametric model established and the knee data obtained from a clinical study on 21 pairs of cadaveric Asian knees, the development of a prototype prosthesis that suits a patient with a very small knee joint is presented. However, it was found that modification to certain parameters may be inevitable due to the uniqueness of the Asian knee. An avenue for rapid modelling and eventually economical production of a customized knee joint prosthesis for patients is proposed and discussed.

  18. The role of knee joint moments and knee impairments on self-reported knee pain during gait in patients with knee osteoarthritis.

    Science.gov (United States)

    O'Connell, Megan; Farrokhi, Shawn; Fitzgerald, G Kelley

    2016-01-01

    The association between high mechanical knee joint loading during gait with onset and progression of knee osteoarthritis has been extensively studied. However, less attention has been given to risk factors related to increased pain during gait. The purpose of this study was to evaluate knee joint moments and clinical characteristics that may be associated with gait-related knee pain in patients with knee osteoarthritis. Sixty-seven participants with knee osteoarthritis were stratified into three groups of no pain (n=18), mild pain (n=27), or moderate/severe pain (n=22) based on their self-reported symptoms during gait. All participants underwent three-dimensional gait analysis. Quadriceps strength, knee extension range of motion, radiographic knee alignment and self-reported measures of global pain and function were also quantified. The moderate/severe pain group demonstrated worse global pain (Pknee flexion moments during the midstance phase of gait compared to the no pain group (P=0.02). Additionally, the moderate/severe pain group demonstrated greater varus knee malalignment (P=0.009), which was associated with higher weight acceptance peak knee adduction moments (P=0.003) and worse global pain (P=0.003) and physical function scores (P=0.006). Greater knee flexion moment is present during the midstance phase of gait in patients with knee osteoarthritis and moderate/severe pain during gait. Additionally, greater varus malalignment may be a sign of increased global knee joint dysfunction that can influence many activities of daily living beyond gait. Copyright © 2015 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

  19. Knee Braces to Prevent Injuries in Football.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Physician and Sportsmedicine, 1986

    1986-01-01

    Five physicians discuss the use of knee braces to prevent injuries in football players. Questions are raised regarding the strength and design of the braces, whether they prestress the knee in some cases, and whether they actually reduce injuries. More clinical and biomechanical research is called for. (MT)

  20. How Do Physical Therapists Treat People with Knee Osteoarthritis, and What Drives Their Clinical Decisions? A Population-Based Cross-Sectional Survey.

    Science.gov (United States)

    da Costa, Bruno R; Vieira, Edgar Ramos; Gadotti, Inae Caroline; Colosi, Conner; Rylak, James; Wylie, Travis; Armijo-Olivo, Susan

    2017-01-01

    Purpose: It is unclear how physical therapists in Florida currently treat people with knee osteoarthritis and whether current best evidence is used in clinical decision making. Methods: We conducted a survey of physical therapists in Florida. We assessed the perceived effectiveness and actual use of physical therapy (PT) interventions and quantified the association between the actual use of interventions and different characteristics of physical therapists. Results: A total of 413 physical therapists completed the survey. Most respondents perceived therapeutic exercise (94%) and education (93%) as being effective or very effective. Interventions least perceived as effective or very effective were electrotherapy (28%), wedged insole (20%), and ultrasound (19%). Physical therapists who followed the principles of evidence-based practice were more likely to use therapeutic exercise (OR 3.89; 95% CI: 1.21, 12.54) and education (OR 3.63; 95% CI: 1.40, 9.43) and less likely to use ultrasound (OR 0.32; 95% CI: 0.16, 0.63) and electrotherapy (OR 0.32; 95% CI: 0.17, 0.58). Results also indicated that older physical therapists were more likely to use ultrasound (OR 3.57; 95% CI: 1.60, 7.96), electrotherapy (OR 2.53; 95% CI: 1.17, 5.47), kinesiology tape (OR 3.82; 95% CI: 1.59, 9.18), and ice (OR 1.95; 95% CI: 1.02, 3.73). Conclusions: In line with clinical guidelines, most physical therapists use therapeutic exercise and education to treat people with knee osteoarthritis. However, interventions that lack scientific support, such as electrotherapy and ultrasound, are still used. A modifiable therapist characteristic, adherence to evidence-based practice, is positively associated with the use of interventions supported by scientific evidence.

  1. Polymerized-Type I Collagen Downregulates Inflammation and Improves Clinical Outcomes in Patients with Symptomatic Knee Osteoarthritis Following Arthroscopic Lavage: A Randomized, Double-Blind, and Placebo-Controlled Clinical Trial

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Janette Furuzawa-Carballeda

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available Objectives. Polymerized-type I collagen (polymerized collagen is a downmodulator of inflammation and cartilage regenerator biodrug. Aim. To evaluate the effect of intraarticular injections of polymerized collagen after arthroscopic lavage on inflammation and clinical improvement in patients with knee osteoarthritis (OA. Methods. Patients (n=19 were treated with 6 intraarticular injections of 2 mL of polymerized collagen (n=10 or 2 mL of placebo (n=9 during 3 months. Followup was 3 months. The primary endpoints included Lequesne index, pain on a visual analogue scale (VAS, WOMAC, analgesic usage, the number of Tregs and proinflammatory/anti-inflammatory cytokine-expressing peripheral cells. Secondary outcomes were Likert score and drug evaluation. Clinical and immunological improvement was determined if the decrease in pain exceeds 20 mm on a VAS, 20% of clinical outcomes, and inflammatory parameters from baseline. Urinary levels of C-terminal crosslinking telopeptide of collagen type II (CTXII and erythrocyte sedimentation rate (ESR were determined. Results. Polymerized collagen was safe and well tolerated. Patients had a statistically significant improvement (P<0.05 from baseline versus polymerized collagen and versus placebo at 6 months on Lequesne index, VAS, ESR, Tregs IL-1β, and IL-10 peripheral-expressing cells. Urinary levels of CTXII were decreased 44% in polymerized collagen versus placebo. No differences were found on incidence of adverse events between groups. Conclusion. Polymerized collagen is safe and effective on downregulation of inflammation in patients with knee OA.

  2. Composition of The Knee Index, a novel three-dimensional biomechanical index for knee joint load, in subjects with mild to moderate knee osteoarthritis

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Clausen, Brian; Andriacchi, Tom; Nielsen, Dennis Brandborg

    index of joint load for the knee, in patients with mild to moderate knee osteoarthritis. Methods The contribution of frontal, sagittal and transversal plane knee moments to KI was investigated in 24 subjects (13 women, age: 58 ± 7.6 years, BMI: 27.1 ± 3.0) with clinically diagnosed mild to moderate knee......Background Knee joint load is an important factor associated with progression of knee osteoarthritis. To provide an overall understanding of knee joint loading, the Knee Index (KI) has been developed to include moments from all three planes (frontal, sagittal and transversal). However, before KI...... osteoarthritis according to the ACR criteria. Three dimensional gait analysis was performed. Subjects walked barefoot at self-selected walking speed. The first peak magnitude KI from all three planes were calculated using inverse dynamics. Results Frontal plane kinematics contributed with 59.3% (SD 25.6) of KI...

  3. Clinical Research of Comprehensive Treatment Osteoarthritis of Knee%膝关节骨性关节炎综合治疗的临床研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    谢伟; 叶斌; 张弛; 谢慧; 徐波

    2012-01-01

      目的:探讨综合治疗在膝关节骨性关节炎治疗中的临床疗效.方法:选取本院2009年3月~2011年3月收治的膝骨性关节炎患者120例,随机分为对照组和治疗组,每组60例,对照组:关节镜术后第3天和第6天各进行关节腔注射医用透明质酸钠1次,后每周注射1次,共5次;治疗组:关节镜术后,每次关节腔除注射医用透明质酸钠外,还注射利多卡因、醋酸曲安奈德注射液和氯诺昔康混合溶液,以及口服硫酸氨基葡萄糖片,功能锻炼等综合治疗.观察并比较其治疗后第3、6、12个月的疗效.结果:2组治疗后第3、6、12个月Lysholm评分[1]均较治疗前提高,差异有统计学意义(P<0.05).同时治疗组疗效优于对照组,差异有统计学意义(P<0.05).结论:关节镜结合医用透明质酸钠和综合治疗在膝关节骨性关节炎中均有疗效,但综合治疗疗效更显著.%  To explore the clinical curative effect of comprehensive treatment in the treatment of osteoarthritis of knee. Methods:From the March of 2009 to the March of 2011, totally 120 patients with osteoarthritis of knee were randomly divided into 2 groups: Control group and treatment group. Control group:sodium hyaluronate was injected at the third day and the sixth day after arthroscopic debridement of knee. Then, sodium hyaluronate was injected once a week totally 5 times. Treatment Group: besides taking orally Glucosamine Sulfate Tablet and taking function exercise, sodium hyaluronate and a mixture solution of lidocaine, lornoxicam and triamcinolone acetonide injection were injected together after arthroscopic debridement of knee. The injection time and frequency are the same. After three, six and 12 mouths curative effects of two methods were compared. Results:The soccers standard for evaluation by Lysholm raise comparing to before treatment in each group. There is significant difference (P<0.05).And the effect of Treatment

  4. Guidelines for the Design and Conduct of Clinical Studies in Knee Articular Cartilage Repair: International Cartilage Repair Society Recommendations Based on Current Scientific Evidence and Standards of Clinical Care.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mithoefer, Kai; Saris, Daniel B F; Farr, Jack; Kon, Elizaveta; Zaslav, Kenneth; Cole, Brian J; Ranstam, Jonas; Yao, Jian; Shive, Matthew; Levine, David; Dalemans, Wilfried; Brittberg, Mats

    2011-04-01

    To summarize current clinical research practice and develop methodological standards for objective scientific evaluation of knee cartilage repair procedures and products. A comprehensive literature review was performed of high-level original studies providing information relevant for the design of clinical studies on articular cartilage repair in the knee. Analysis of cartilage repair publications and synopses of ongoing trials were used to identify important criteria for the design, reporting, and interpretation of studies in this field. Current literature reflects the methodological limitations of the scientific evidence available for articular cartilage repair. However, clinical trial databases of ongoing trials document a trend suggesting improved study designs and clinical evaluation methodology. Based on the current scientific information and standards of clinical care, detailed methodological recommendations were developed for the statistical study design, patient recruitment, control group considerations, study endpoint definition, documentation of results, use of validated patient-reported outcome instruments, and inclusion and exclusion criteria for the design and conduct of scientifically sound cartilage repair study protocols. A consensus statement among the International Cartilage Repair Society (ICRS) and contributing authors experienced in clinical trial design and implementation was achieved. High-quality clinical research methodology is critical for the optimal evaluation of current and new cartilage repair technologies. In addition to generally applicable principles for orthopedic study design, specific criteria and considerations apply to cartilage repair studies. Systematic application of these criteria and considerations can facilitate study designs that are scientifically rigorous, ethical, practical, and appropriate for the question(s) being addressed in any given cartilage repair research project.

  5. Comparisons of clinically based outcome measures and laboratory-based outcome measure for balance in patients following total hip and knee arthroplasty

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jogi P

    2017-04-01

    Full Text Available Pankaj Jogi, Tom Overend, John Kramer School of Physical Therapy, University of Western Ontario, London, ON, Canada Background: Information available in the literature on clinically based and laboratory-based outcome measures of balance is limited. How much information is provided by clinically based outcome measures compared to laboratory-based measure in patients with total hip (THA and knee arthroplasty (TKA is not known. Aim: The purpose of this study was to determine the relationship between selected clinically based outcome measures and laboratory-based force platform measure in patients following THA and TKA. Methods: Patients who underwent THA (n = 26 and TKA (n = 28 were evaluated at about 5–7 weeks following surgery. Participants were assessed using four clinically based outcome measures – 1 the Berg Balance Scale (BBS, 2 the Timed Up and Go test (TUG, 3 the Activities-specific Balance Confidence Scale (ABC, and 4 the Western Ontario McMaster Universities Osteoarthritis Index-function subscale (WOMAC-function – and one laboratory-based force plate measure (95% ellipse area. Results: Moderate correlations were observed between the BBS and the 95% ellipse area of force plate (r = 0.46–0.51 for the two-legged stance, the anterior lean stance, and the posterior lean stance. Fair correlations were observed between TUG and the 95% ellipse area of force plate (r = 0.31–0.37 for all the three test conditions. Low correlations were observed for the ABC and the WOMAC-function with the 95% ellipse area of force plate (r = 0.11–0.25 for all the three test conditions. Conclusion: The BBS demonstrated the greatest correlations with the 95% ellipse area of the force plate measure and should be preferred by physical therapists over the TUG, the ABC, and the WOMAC-function to assess balance in patients with THA and TKA. Keywords: total knee arthroplasty, total hip arthroplasty, force plate, clinical measures, balance

  6. Multiple-ligament injured knee

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    SUN Lei; NING Zhi-jie; ZHANG Hui; TIAN Min; NING Tin-min

    2006-01-01

    Objective: To explore the clinical characteristic of the multiple-ligament injured knee and evaluate the protocol,technique and outcome of treatment for the multipleligament injured knee.Methods: From October 2001 to March 2005, 9 knees with combined anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) and posterior cruciate ligament (PCL) tears in 9 patients were identified with clinical and arthroscopic examinations. Of them, 5 knees were combined with ruptures of posteromedial corner (PMC) and medial collateral ligament (MCL), 4 with disruptions of posterolateral corner ( PLC), 2 with popliteal vascular injuries and 1 with peroneal nerve injuries. Six patients were hospitalized in acute phase of trauma, 2 received repairs of popliteal artery and 4 had repairs of PMC and MCL. Reconstructions of ACL and PCL with autografts under arthroscope were performed in all patients at 4 to 10 weeks after trauma,including reconstruction of PLC with the posterior half of biceps femoris tendon tenodesis in 4 patients and reconstructions of PMC and MCL with femoral fascia in 1 patient.Results: No severe complications occurred at early stage after operation in the 9 patients. All of them were followed up for 10-39 months with an average of 23. 00 months ± 9.46 months. Lysholm score was 70-95 with an average of 85.00 ± 8.29. International Knee Documentation Committee (IKDC) score was from severely abnormal (Grade D) in 9 knees at initial examination to normal (Grade A) in 2 knees, nearly normal (Grade B ) in 6 knees and abnormal in 1 knee at the last follow-up. Of the 9 patients, 7 returned to the same activity level before injury and 2 were under the level.Conclusions: The multiple-ligament injured knee with severe instability is usually combined with other important structure damages. Therefore, careful assessment and treatment of the combined injuries are essential. Reconstructions of ACL and PCL under arthroscope, combined with repairs or reconstructions of the extraarticular ligaments

  7. Clinical Analysis of Hand-Knee Type Prone Position Childbirth%手-膝式俯卧位分娩在临床上应用的分析

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李洪梅

    2014-01-01

    目的比较手-膝式俯卧位分娩与传统平卧位分娩在改善分娩结局的临床分析。方法将121例分娩孕妇随机分为对照组60例(应用平卧位分娩)、观察组61例(在第二产程应用手-膝俯卧位分娩),观察两组第二产程进展、产后出血量、胎儿窘迫、肩难产发生情况。结果观察组产妇出血量未增加,胎儿宫内窘迫发生率观察组低于对照组,肩难产的发生观察组低于对照组,第二产程时间观察组少于对照组。结论采取手-膝式俯卧位分娩方式对提高顺产分娩质量,促进分娩顺利进行具有积极意义。%Objective Compare hand-knee type prone position with the traditional hypothesis childbirth labor in improving the labor outcomes of clinical analysis.Methods 121 pregnant women were randomly divided into control group of 60 patients (using the hypothesis of delivery), the observation group, 61 cases of prone position (in the second hand labor application -knee childbirth), observe two groups of the second progress in labor, postpartum blood loss, fetal distress, shoulder dystocia is happening.Results Observation group the bleeding is not increased maternal and fetal intrauterine distress group is lower than the control group,the incidence of shoulder dystocia in observation group is lower than the control group,the second labor time observation group is less than the control group.Conclusion Hand-knee type prone position delivery ways to improve the quality of natural childbirth, promote positive significance for the smooth delivery.

  8. Comparison of the clinical and radiological outcomes following midvastus and medial parapatellar approaches for total knee arthroplasty: a meta-analysis

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Li Tao; Zhuang Qianyu; Xiao Ke; Zhou Lei; Weng Xisheng

    2014-01-01

    Background Controversy still exists regarding whether medial parapatellar approach (MP) or midvastus approach (MV) is preferable in total knee arthroplasty (TKA) up to now.The aim of this meta-analysis was to compare the clinical and radiological outcomes following the MV or MP for TKA.Methods A comprehensive search of unrestricted-language literature of all studies comparing MP with MV was conducted through the electronic literature databases of PubMed,EMBASE,Cochrane Library,CNKI,VIP,and WANFANG.Retrieval time was from the time when databases were built to October 2013.Manual search of relevant trials,reviews,and related articles was also performed.Outcomes of interest included postoperative knee extensor and flexor function,postoperative pain,patella tilt,and complications.Relative risk (RR) and weighted mean differences (WMD) from each trial were pooled using random-effects or fixed-effects model depending on the heterogeneity of the included studies.A subgroup analysis or a sensitivity analysis was conducted to explore the potential source of heterogeneity when necessary.Results Twenty-one randomized controlled trials (RCTs) comprising 1 188 patients (1 450 knees) were eligible.Our results showed that MV was associated with better early postoperative extension (WMD=-1.26,95% CI-2.36 to-0.16,P=0.02) and flexion (WMD=10.13,95% CI 5.36 to 14.90,P <0.01),less postoperative pain (WMD=-0.21,95% CI-0.34 to-0.07,P=0.002),and no greater risk for complications than MP.The patella tilt did not differ significantly between the two groups (WMD=-0.70,95% CI-1.94 to 0.54,P=0.27).Conclusions MV may be a better approach than MP,as it improves postoperative early joint function and decreases oain.Future multi-center randomized controlled studies with large sample sizes are required to verify the current findings.

  9. Computer-assisted navigation in knee arthroplasty: a critical appraisal.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Venkatesan, Muralidharan; Mahadevan, Devendra; Ashford, Robert U

    2013-10-01

    The purpose of this review was to appraise the use of computer-assisted navigation in total knee arthroplasty and to assess whether this technology has improved clinical outcomes. Studies were identified through searches in MEDLINE, Embase, and PubMed. Numerous studies have shown improved leg and component alignment using navigation systems. However, the better alignment achieved in navigated knee arthroplasty has not been shown to lead to better clinical outcomes. Navigated knee arthroplasty had lower calculated blood loss and lower incidence of fat embolism compared with conventional knee arthroplasty using intramedullary jigs. It may be most valued when dealing with complex knee deformities, revision surgery, or minimally invasive surgery. Navigated knee arthroplasty, however, is only cost-effective in centers with a high volume of joint replacements. Overall, computer-assisted navigated knee arthroplasty provides some advantages over conventional surgery, but its clinical benefits to date are unclear and remain to be defined on a larger scale.

  10. 人工全膝关节置换术治疗终末期膝关节病变合并膝外翻畸形的手术技巧及临床疗效评价%SURGICAL TECHNIQUE AND CLINICAL RESULTS OF TOTAL KNEE ARTHROPLASTY IN TREATING ENDSTAGE GONARTHROSIS COMBINED WITH VALGUS KNEE DEFORMITY

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王兴山; 翁习生; 林进; 金今; 钱文伟

    2012-01-01

    目的 探讨对终末期膝关节病变合并膝外翻畸形患者行经髌旁内侧入路人工全膝关节置换( total knee arthroplasty,TKA)时膝外翻畸形矫正方法及临床疗效.方法 1998年11月-2010年10月,收治64例72膝合并膝外翻畸形的终末期膝关节病变患者.男18例,女46例;年龄23~82岁,平均62.5岁.骨关节炎44例49膝,类风湿性关节炎17例20膝,血友病性关节炎2例2膝,创伤性关节炎1例1膝.双膝8例,单膝56例.膝关节屈伸活动度为(82.2±28.7)°,X线片测量股胫角为(18.0±5.8)°.膝关节学会评分系统(KSS)临床评分为(31.2±10.1)分,功能评分(37.3±9.0)分.根据Krackow膝外翻分型标准:Ⅰ型65膝,Ⅱ型7膝.手术经髌旁内侧入路,采用常规方法行股骨及胫骨截骨,Ranawat技术进行软组织松解.6例7膝采用保留后交叉韧带型假体,54例60膝采用后稳定型假体,4例5膝采用髁限制型假体.结果 术后患者切口均Ⅰ期愈合.1例血友病性关节炎合并严重膝外翻畸形(股胫角41°)、屈曲挛缩20°的患者术后出现腓总神经麻痹,经保守治疗1年后神经功能恢复.1例术后2年发生深部感染,行二期翻修术后治愈.患者术后均获随访,随访时间1~13年,平均4.9年.末次随访时X线片示股胫角为(7.0±2.5)°,与术前比较差异有统计学意义(t=15.502,P=0.000).KSS临床评分为(83.0±6.6)分,功能评分(85.1±10.5)分,膝关节屈伸活动度为(106.1±17.0)°,与术前比较差异均有统计学意义(P<0.05).5例遗留12~15°膝外翻畸形,但患膝关节功能良好.结论 通过恰当的术中截骨和软组织平衡,采用经髌旁内侧入路TKA治疗合并膝外翻畸形的终末期膝关节病变可有效改善膝外翻畸形和恢复关节功能,临床疗效满意.%Objective To investigate the surgical technique and the clinical results of total knee arthroplasty (TKA) in treating end-stage gonarthrosis combined with valgus knee deformity. Methods Between November

  11. Clinical significance of the morphological distribution of the vastus medialis insertion for selection of subvastus approach in total knee arthroplasty

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Huang Baohua; Hou Zhiqi; Chen Yuanming; Qin Jian

    2015-01-01

    Objective To survey and analyze the relationship between the vastus medialis( VM) insertion on the patella and the body projection so as to provide an innovative path to the preoperative evaluation in selecting the subvastus approach in total knee arthroplasty( TKA) . Methods Body-surface projection of the VM patellar insertion was surveyed and the anatomic shape was observed in 20 sides of lower limb specimens. The body-surface projection of the VM patellar insertion was also measured on 80 sides of lower limbs in healthy adults. The distribution results of the VM patellar insertion in the three conditions were compared. Results The ratio of the vastus medialis body length to the patellar length was 40% to 60% in 55. 0% specimens (11 cases). The ratios were (47. 8 ± 15. 1)%, (48. 7 ± 15. 4)% and (46. 7 ± 14. 8)% in the cadaver-surface-observation group, autopsy group and in vivo surface group, respectively. There was no statistical difference (P>0. 05). Conclusions There was no statistical difference in the ratios of the VM patellar insertion length to the patellar length calculated by the observed body-surface-projection values and by the measurements after anatomy. Preoperative evaluation of the body-surface-projection of the VM patellar insertion may play a referential role in the selection of the TKA approach.

  12. A Clinical Study on Glucosamine Sulfate versus Combination of Glucosamine Sulfate and NSAIDs in Mild to Moderate Knee Osteoarthritis

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Tamil Selvan

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available Background. Glucosamine may be effective in treating and possibly slowing the progression of Osteoarthritis (OA. It is believed Glucosamine supplements may help to stop cartilage breakdown, build cartilage and decrease swelling. Objective. The objective of this study was glucosamine sulfate versus combination of glucosamine sulfate and Non-Steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAID in mild to moderate knee osteoarthritis. Methods. Subjects were randomly recruited from Rheumatology outpatient department after a diagnosis of mild or moderate Osteoarthritis. Study tools like patient data collection form, Western Ontario McMaster Universities Arthritis index (WOMAC of Osteoarthritis questionnaires and Visual Analog Scale (VAS were used. Results. After 12 weeks, WOMAC total score the result showed that the significant mean difference between the group A and Group B treatment (<0.01, with a combination of GS and NSAIDs reducing VAS pain scores. Thus, it is found that Group B treatments over 4 and 12 weeks produced improved WOMAC and VAS grades. Conclusions. Study results may suggest that the Glucosamine Sulfate has a carryover effect like Disease modifying agents. Long-term treatment of Glucosamine Sulfate may reduce the dependence of NSAIDs usage and delay the disease progression. Thereby we can reduce the NSAIDs side effects and improve the patient's quality of life.

  13. 双动人工半膝关节假体的设计及应用%Custom-made Bipolar Hemi-knee Prosthesis Design and Clinical Application

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    靳忠民; 连芩; 王臻; 王玲; 赵一桐; 刘鹏; 李涤尘

    2013-01-01

    建立一种双动人工半膝关节假体的设计方法,用于年轻病人因恶性骨肿瘤造成的股骨远端大段骨缺损的保肢手术治疗.借助于有限元分析与快速成形技术,研究并快速而有效地解决假体结构设计优化、生物力学分析、稳定性评估等技术难点,形成一种以定制化仿生大范围股骨髁部、滑动轴套系统、韧带附丽孔道为特点的附丽型定制化双动半膝关节假体.临床应用证明置换术后假体与周围组织匹配性良好,患者在完成深屈曲运动时可观察到假体的双滑动过程.该假体的研究为单侧膝关节损伤患者,特别是青少年患者术后骨生长的生物学重建及后期关节功能的良好恢复提供了有效的治疗方法.该研究也从功能化设计、性能分析与临床功能评估等方面为人工关节的研制与发展提出新的思路与方法.%A bipolar customised hemi-knee prosthesis is designed to treat maligament bone tumor on the femoral side of a young patient. Design considerations included the close match with the patients anatomy, stress optimisation of the prosthetic components, close conformity between the contacting surfaces of the prosthesis and the tibial cartilage and stability as well as reducing the development time and costs. Computational analysis based on the finite element method is employed to optimise the designs and provide pre-clinical evaluation. The optimised prosthesis was fabricated via rapid manufacture technique and tested in-vitro to evaluate its effectiveness. Clinical application of the prosthesis shows improved functional outcomes. It not only proposes a new concept of bipolar hemi-knee prosthesis, but also provides a general approach for functional design, computational analysis, rapid manufacturing and clinical application of customised prostheses.

  14. Effectiveness of diclofenac versus acetaminophen in primary care patients with knee osteoarthritis: [NTR1485], DIPA-Trial: Design of a randomized clinical trial

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    S.P.J. Verkleij (Saskia ); P.A.J. Luijsterburg (Pim); B.W. Koes (Bart); A.M. Bohnen (Arthur); S.M. Bierma-Zeinstra (Sita)

    2010-01-01

    textabstractBackground. Osteoarthritis is the most frequent chronic joint disease which causes pain and disability of especially hip and knee. According to international guidelines and the Dutch general practitioners guidelines for non-traumatic knee symptoms, acetaminophen should be the pain

  15. A 3D kinematic estimation of knee prosthesis using X-ray projection images: clinical assessment of the improved algorithm for fluoroscopy images.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hirokawa, Shunji; Abrar Hossain, M; Kihara, Yuichi; Ariyoshi, Shogo

    2008-12-01

    In this paper, we propose three ideas to improve a kinematic estimation algorithm for total knee arthroplasty. The first is a two-step estimation algorithm that improves estimation accuracy by excluding certain assumptions needed for the pattern matching algorithm reported by Banks and Hodge. The second is incorporating a 3D geometric articulation model into the algorithm to improve estimation accuracy substantially for the depth translation, and to introduce contact points' trajectories between the articular surfaces. The third is an algorithm to process estimation even when the silhouettes of two components overlap. To assess our algorithm's potential for clinical application, we carried out two experiments. First, we used a robot to position the prosthesis. Estimation accuracy was checked by comparing input data to the robot with the estimates from X-ray photographs. Incorporating our articulation model remarkably reduced the error in the depth translation. Next, we performed a clinical assessment by applying the algorithm and articulation model to fluoroscopy images of a patient who had recently had TKA.

  16. A prospective randomised controlled clinical trial comparing the efficacy of different molecular weight hyaluronan solutions in the treatment of knee osteoarthritis.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kotevoglu, Nurdan; Iyibozkurt, Pinar Cakil; Hiz, Ozcan; Toktas, Hasan; Kuran, Banu

    2006-02-01

    Viscosupplementation consists of injecting exagenous hyaluronan (HA) into the synovial joints to restore the normal rheological environment which deteriorates severely in osteoarthritic (OA) joints. Efficacy might be related to the rheological properties and molecular weight (MW) of the hyaluronan preparations. This prospective, controlled, double-blind, randomised clinical trial was aimed at comparing the elastoviscous properties of a high molecular weight viscosupplement, hylan G-F 20, with that of a lower molecular weight hyaluronan product in order to determine the relationship of elastoviscosity to efficacy, alongside placebo, in the treatment of patients with knee OA. The results were analysed as a "completers" analysis with 59 patients. Primary outcome measures included the Western Ontario and Mc Master Universities' Osteoarthritis Index (WOMAC) for pain, stiffness and function scores, and patient and physician global assessments (0-100 scale). For patient (PGA) and physician global assessments (PhGA), the 0-100 scale was used, with 100 being the worst. Follow-up assessments were made at intervals of 1, 3 and 6 months after the first injection. Local adverse events, such as transient pain at the injection site or warm knee lasting for one night, were recorded in two patients (3%). In all groups, the WOMAC pain score exhibited a significant difference from the baseline value; neither treatment group was significantly different from the placebo group, but total pain score was significantly better than baseline for both of the HA groups at the end of 6 months (p < 0.05). Improvement in WOMAC physical function score favoured both sodium hyaluronate and hylan G-F 20 after the first month, and remained significant until the end of 6 months (p < 0.01). In the placebo group, the physical function scores became worse after the end of the 1st month; the scores at the end of 6 months were no different from those at the beginning. The WOMAC stiffness scores of both of

  17. Accuracy of the Precision Saw versus the Sagittal Saw during total knee arthroplasty: A randomised clinical trial.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Feczko, Peter Z; Fokkenrood, Hugo J P; van Assen, Tijmen; Deckers, Patrick; Emans, Pieter J; Arts, Jacobus J

    2017-10-01

    The aim of this study was to compare the accuracy of the oscillating tip saw system (Precision Saw=PS) with the more conventional fully oscillating blade system (Sagittal Saw=SS) during computer-assisted total knee arthroplasty (CAS-TKA). A prospective, randomised, controlled trial included 58 consecutive patients who underwent primary CAS-TKA and were randomly assigned in the PS group or the SS group to compare the accuracy of both blades. The primary outcome was the difference between the intended cutting planes and the actual cutting planes in degrees (°) in two planes of both the femur and the tibia. The secondary outcome was total surgery time. Tibia: In the VV-plane no significant differences were registered for the mean absolute deviation (p=0.28). The PS was more accurate in the AP-plane (p=0.03). Femur: The PS showed significantly fewer mean absolute deviations in the VV-plane (p=0.03); however, the SS revealed better accuracy in the FE-plane (p=0.04). The difference in the surgery time between the groups was not statistically significant (p=0.45). Two outliers were measured using the SS, while seven outliers were detected using the PS. The Precision Saw is not proven to be overall more accurate than the Sagittal Saw. Significantly better accuracy was shown with the PS in the two cutting planes, with the exception of one cutting plane that favoured the SS. Greater number of outliers were found using the PS. II. Copyright © 2017 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.

  18. Barriers to implementing the "2008 Mexican Clinical Practice Guideline recommendations for the management of hip and knee osteoarthritis" in primary healthcare practice.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Loyola-Sanchez, Adalberto; Richardson, Julie; Pelaez-Ballestas, Ingris; Sánchez, José Guadalupe; González, Martha Alicia; Sánchez-Cruz, Juan; Jiménez-Baez, María Valeria; Nolasco-Alonso, Nancy; Alvarado, Idolina; Rodríguez-Amado, Jacqueline; Alvarez-Nemegyei, José; Wilson, Mike G

    2014-01-01

    To evaluate the implementability of the "2008 Mexican Clinical Practice Guideline for the management of hip and knee osteoarthritis at the primary level of care" within primary healthcare of three Mexican regions using the Guideline Implementability Appraisal methodology version 2 (GLIA.v2). Six family physicians, representing the South, North, and Central Mexico, and one Mexican physiatrist evaluated the 45 recommendations stated by the Mexican guideline. The GLIA.v2 methodology includes the execution of qualitative and semi-quantitative techniques. Reviewers' agreement was between moderate to near complete in most cases. Sixty-nine percent of the recommendations were considered difficult to implement within clinical practice. Eight recommendations did not have an appropriate format. Only 6 recommendations were judged as able to be consistently applied to clinical practice. Barriers related to the context of one or more institutions/regions were identified in 25 recommendations. These barriers are related to health providers/patients' beliefs, processes of care within each institution, and availability of some treatments recommended by the guideline. The guideline presented problems of conciseness and clarity that negatively affect its application within the Mexican primary healthcare context. We identified individual, organizational and system characteristics, which are common to the 3 institutions/regions studied and constitute barriers for implementing the guideline to clinical practice. It is recommended that the 2008-Mexican-CPG-OA be thoroughly revised and restructured to improve the clarity of the actions implied by each recommendation. We propose some strategies to accomplish this and to overcome some of the identified regional/institutional barriers. Copyright © 2013 Elsevier España, S.L.U. All rights reserved.

  19. 单髁关节置换术的近期疗效分析%Early clinical effects of unicompartmental knee arthroplasty

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    徐掭发; 付志厚; 刘建华; 胡俊勇; 余世明; 李占春; 曾宪尚; 张阳春; 詹科

    2015-01-01

    Objective To explore the application and clinical effects of unicompartmen talknee arthroplasty ( UKA) in the treatment of osteoarthritis.Methods From 2007.4 to 2013.8, 161 patients (182 knees) with medial compartment osteoarthritis were treated by UKA in department of orthopedics, General Hospital of Jinan military area, consisting of 41 males,120 females, mean age 63.4 years ( range 40-82 years ) , mean weight 65.1 kg ( range 58.3 -73.9 kg ) . The preoperative X-ray included anteroposterior and lateral images of the knee joint, full-length image of the lower limb, and the patella-axial view.The preoperative and postoperative knee activity tests, American knee society knee score ( KSS) and visual analog score ( VAS) of knee joint were evaluated and analyzed.Results All the cases were followed up for 3-60 months ( two years in average ) .No infection or deep venous thrombosis was observed;two cases developed dislocation of the prosthesis bearing;one case developed femoral condylar prosthesis loosening and dislocation of the prosthesis bearing;one case developed malposition of the femoral condylar prosthesis.As for the preoperative data and the postoperative data, the differences in joint flexion ability[preoperative (100.3 ±2.6)°vs postoperative (127.5 ±3.2)°,P<0.05], KSS score[preoperative (60.5 ±2.7)vs (93.1 ±1.1) at last follow-up,P<0.05)] and VAS score[(preoperative (6.7 ±1.1) vs ( 2.6 ±0.9 ) at last follow-up, P <0.05 ) ] were significant.Conclusion In the treatment of medial compartment osteoarthritis, UKA has advantages such as less trauma, fewer complications and rapid recovery,but its mid and long term efficacy still needs further follow-up and research.%目的:探讨单髁关节置换术(UKA)在膝骨关节炎中的运用和疗效。方法选取2007年4月至2013年8月在济南军区总医院骨病科行单髁关节置换术的161例患者(共182膝),其中男41例,女120例;年龄40~82岁,平均年龄63.4岁;体重58.3

  20. MR imaging findings in the follow-up of patients with different stages of knee osteoarthritis and the correlation with clinical symptoms

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Phan, Catherine M.; Link, Thomas M.; Blumenkrantz, Gabrielle; Dunn, Timothy C.; Steinbach, Lynne S. [University of California San Francisco, Department of Radiology, San Francisco, CA (United States); Ries, Michael D. [University of California San Francisco, Department of Orthopedic Surgery, San Francisco, CA (United States); Majumdar, Sharmila [University of California San Francisco, Department of Radiology, San Francisco, CA (United States); University of California San Francisco, Department of Orthopedic Surgery, San Francisco, CA (United States)

    2006-03-15

    To assess the rate of cartilage loss, the change in bone marrow edema pattern and internal joint derangement at 1.5-T MRI in patients with knee osteoarthritis and to correlate these findings with the clinical Western Ontario and McMaster University Osteoarthitis (WOMAC) score. Methods: Forty subjects (mean age 57.7{+-}15 years; 16 females and 24 males) were recruited: 6 healthy volunteers (OA0), 17 patients with mild osteoarthritis (OA1) and 17 with severe osteoarthritis (OA2) based on the Kellgren-Lawrence scale. MR scans, radiographs and WOMAC scores were obtained at baseline, first follow-up (1.4{+-}0.67 years; n=40) and second follow-up (2.4{+-}0.4 years; n=26). Cartilage morphology, bone marrow edema (BME), meniscal and ligamentous pathology were assessed on MR images and quantified by two radiologists in consensus. Full-thickness cartilage lesions were observed in 12/17 OA2 at baseline, in 13/17 at the first follow-up and in 7/10 at the second follow-up. Cartilage loss was found in eight patients at the first follow-up and five at the second follow-up. BME was observed in 23/40 patients at baseline, in 22/40 at the first follow-up and in 12/26 at the second follow-up. Changes in BME were visualized in 19/22 and 4/13 patients at the first and second follow-up, respectively. Changes in WOMAC scores over time did not correlate significantly with the amount of cartilage loss and the change in BME (P>0.05). MRI is well suited to monitor the progression of OA in the longitudinal follow-up since it shows cartilage defects, BME and internal joint derangement, pathologies that are not visualized by radiographs. The lack of significant correlation between MRI findings and clinical findings is not unexpected, has been previously described and may in part be due to the fact that patients get more accustomed to their pain as the knee progressively degenerates. (orig.)

  1. A randomized clinical trial of a peri-operative behavioral intervention to improve physical activity adherence and functional outcomes following total knee replacement

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Zheng Hua

    2011-10-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background Total knee replacement (TKR is a common and effective surgical procedure to relieve advanced knee arthritis that persists despite comprehensive medical treatment. Although TKR has excellent technical outcomes, significant variation in patient-reported functional improvement post-TKR exists. Evidence suggests that consistent post-TKR exercise and physical activity is associated with functional gain, and that this relationship is influenced by emotional health. The increasing use of TKR in the aging US population makes it critical to find strategies that maximize functional outcomes. Methods/Design This randomized clinical trial (RCT will test the efficacy of a theory-based telephone-delivered Patient Self-Management Support intervention that seeks to enhance adherence to independent exercise and activity among post- TKR patients. The intervention consists of 12 sessions, which begin prior to surgery and continue for approximately 9 weeks post-TKR. The intervention condition will be compared to a usual care control condition using a randomized design and a probabilistic sample of men and women. Assessments are conducted at baseline, eight weeks, and six- and twelve- months. The project is being conducted at a large healthcare system in Massachusetts. The study was designed to provide greater than 80% power for detecting a difference of 4 points in physical function (SF36/Physical Component Score between conditions (standard deviation of 10 at six months with secondary outcomes collected at one year, assuming a loss to follow up rate of no more than 15%. Discussion As TKR use expands, it is important to develop methods to identify patients at risk for sub-optimal functional outcome and to effectively intervene with the goal of optimizing functional outcomes. If shown efficacious, this peri-TKR intervention has the potential to change the paradigm for successful post-TKR care. We hypothesize that Patient Self-Management Support

  2. THE EUROPEAN SOCIETY FOR CLINICAL AND ECONOMIC ASPECTS OF OSTEOPOROSIS AND OSTEOARTHRITIS (ESCEO ALGORITHM FOR THE MANAGEMENT OF KNEE OSTEOARTHRITIS IS APPLICABLE TO RUSSIAN CLINICAL PRACTICE: A CONSENSUS STATEMENT OF LEADING RUSSIAN AND ESCEO OSTEOARTHRITIS EXPERTS

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    L. N. Denisov

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available The European Society for Clinical and Economic Aspects of Osteoporosis and Osteoarthritis (ESCEO treatment algorithm for the management of knee osteoarthritis (OA, published in December 2014, provides practical guidance for the prioritization of interventions. This current paper represents an assessment and endorsement of the algorithm by Russian experts in OA for use in Russian clinical practice, with the aim of providing easy-to-follow advice on how to establish a treatment flow in patients with knee OA, in support of the clinicians’ individualized assessment of the patient. Medications recommended by the ESCEO algorithm are available in Russia. In step 1, background maintenance therapy with symptomatic slow-acting drugs for osteoarthritis (SYSADOA is advised, for which high-quality evidence is provided only for the formulations of patented crystalline glucosamine sulphate (pCGS (Rottapharm/Meda and prescription chondroitin sulfate. Paracetamol may be added for rescue analgesia only, due to limited efficacy and increasing safety signals. Topical non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs may provide additional symptomatic treatment with the same degree of efficacy as oral NSAIDs but without the systemic safety concerns. To be effective, topical NSAIDs must have high bioavailability, and among NSAIDs molecules like etofenamate have high absorption and bioavailability alongside evidence for accumulation in synovial tissues. Oral NSAIDs maintain a central role in step 2 advanced management of persistent symptoms. However, oral NSAIDs are highly heterogeneous in terms of gastrointestinal and cardiovascular safety profile, and patient stratification with careful treatment selection is advocated to maximize the risk: benefit ratio. Intra-articular hyaluronic acid as a next step provides sustained clinical benefit with effects lasting up to 6 months after a short-course of weekly injections. As a last step before surgery, the slow

  3. Intra-Articular Injections of Platelet-Rich Plasma versus Hyaluronic Acid in the Treatment of Osteoarthritic Knee Pain: A Randomized Clinical Trial in the Context of the Spanish National Health Care System

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Elvira Montañez-Heredia

    2016-07-01

    Full Text Available Intra-articular injection of platelet-rich plasma (PRP has been established as a suitable treatment for knee osteoarthritis. Here, we present a double-blind randomized controlled clinical trial, conducted in a public Hospital of the Spanish National Health Care System, to evaluate the efficacy of injecting autologous PRP versus hyaluronic acid (HA in knee osteoarthritis. PRP was manufactured in Malaga’s Regional Blood Center (Spain. Patients that met the eligibility criteria were randomized into a PRP group or a HA group. Pain and functional improvements were assessed pre- and post-treatment (three and six months follow-up using the Visual Analogue Scale (VAS; the Knee and Osteoarthritis Outcome System (KOOS scale and the European Quality of Life scale (EUROQOL. Both groups presented pain reduction at six months. The VAS scores for the PRP group improved by at least 50% from their initial value, particularly at three months following the final infiltration, with results resembling those of the HA group at six months. PRP was more effective in patients with lower osteoarthritis grades. Both treatments improved pain in knee osteoarthritis patients without statistically significant differences between them. However, PRP injection was proved to improve pain three months after the final infiltration and to be more effective in lower osteoarthritis grades.

  4. Intra-Articular Injections of Platelet-Rich Plasma versus Hyaluronic Acid in the Treatment of Osteoarthritic Knee Pain: A Randomized Clinical Trial in the Context of the Spanish National Health Care System

    Science.gov (United States)

    Montañez-Heredia, Elvira; Irízar, Sofia; Huertas, Pedro J.; Otero, Esperanza; del Valle, Marta; Prat, Isidro; Díaz-Gallardo, Macarena S.; Perán, Macarena; Marchal, Juan A.; Hernandez-Lamas, María del Carmen

    2016-01-01

    Intra-articular injection of platelet-rich plasma (PRP) has been established as a suitable treatment for knee osteoarthritis. Here, we present a double-blind randomized controlled clinical trial, conducted in a public Hospital of the Spanish National Health Care System, to evaluate the efficacy of injecting autologous PRP versus hyaluronic acid (HA) in knee osteoarthritis. PRP was manufactured in Malaga’s Regional Blood Center (Spain). Patients that met the eligibility criteria were randomized into a PRP group or a HA group. Pain and functional improvements were assessed pre- and post-treatment (three and six months follow-up) using the Visual Analogue Scale (VAS); the Knee and Osteoarthritis Outcome System (KOOS) scale and the European Quality of Life scale (EUROQOL). Both groups presented pain reduction at six months. The VAS scores for the PRP group improved by at least 50% from their initial value, particularly at three months following the final infiltration, with results resembling those of the HA group at six months. PRP was more effective in patients with lower osteoarthritis grades. Both treatments improved pain in knee osteoarthritis patients without statistically significant differences between them. However, PRP injection was proved to improve pain three months after the final infiltration and to be more effective in lower osteoarthritis grades. PMID:27384560

  5. Intra-Articular Injections of Platelet-Rich Plasma versus Hyaluronic Acid in the Treatment of Osteoarthritic Knee Pain: A Randomized Clinical Trial in the Context of the Spanish National Health Care System.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Montañez-Heredia, Elvira; Irízar, Sofia; Huertas, Pedro J; Otero, Esperanza; Del Valle, Marta; Prat, Isidro; Díaz-Gallardo, Macarena S; Perán, Macarena; Marchal, Juan A; Hernandez-Lamas, María Del Carmen

    2016-07-02

    Intra-articular injection of platelet-rich plasma (PRP) has been established as a suitable treatment for knee osteoarthritis. Here, we present a double-blind randomized controlled clinical trial, conducted in a public Hospital of the Spanish National Health Care System, to evaluate the efficacy of injecting autologous PRP versus hyaluronic acid (HA) in knee osteoarthritis. PRP was manufactured in Malaga's Regional Blood Center (Spain). Patients that met the eligibility criteria were randomized into a PRP group or a HA group. Pain and functional improvements were assessed pre- and post-treatment (three and six months follow-up) using the Visual Analogue Scale (VAS); the Knee and Osteoarthritis Outcome System (KOOS) scale and the European Quality of Life scale (EUROQOL). Both groups presented pain reduction at six months. The VAS scores for the PRP group improved by at least 50% from their initial value, particularly at three months following the final infiltration, with results resembling those of the HA group at six months. PRP was more effective in patients with lower osteoarthritis grades. Both treatments improved pain in knee osteoarthritis patients without statistically significant differences between them. However, PRP injection was proved to improve pain three months after the final infiltration and to be more effective in lower osteoarthritis grades.

  6. Migration of polyethylene fixation screw after total knee arthroplasty.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cho, Woo-Shin; Youm, Yoon-Seok

    2009-08-01

    Duracon (Howmedica, Rutherford, NJ) posterior stabilized total knee system has a snap fit locking mechanism of a tibial polyethylene, including an additional locking screw for further fixation of polyethylene. We report 13 cases of locking screw migration from tibial component after Duracon posterior stabilized primary total knee arthroplasty. Among 13 knees, screw migration in 10 asymptomatic cases was incidentally detected during regular follow-up, and they were just observed in the outpatient clinic. Only 3 knees had moderate pain, swelling, and instability, and revision was done on 2 of 3 knees.

  7. Open Knee: Open Source Modeling and Simulation in Knee Biomechanics.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Erdemir, Ahmet

    2016-02-01

    Virtual representations of the knee joint can provide clinicians, scientists, and engineers the tools to explore mechanical functions of the knee and its tissue structures in health and disease. Modeling and simulation approaches such as finite element analysis also provide the possibility to understand the influence of surgical procedures and implants on joint stresses and tissue deformations. A large number of knee joint models are described in the biomechanics literature. However, freely accessible, customizable, and easy-to-use models are scarce. Availability of such models can accelerate clinical translation of simulations, where labor-intensive reproduction of model development steps can be avoided. Interested parties can immediately utilize readily available models for scientific discovery and clinical care. Motivated by this gap, this study aims to describe an open source and freely available finite element representation of the tibiofemoral joint, namely Open Knee, which includes the detailed anatomical representation of the joint's major tissue structures and their nonlinear mechanical properties and interactions. Three use cases illustrate customization potential of the model, its predictive capacity, and its scientific and clinical utility: prediction of joint movements during passive flexion, examining the role of meniscectomy on contact mechanics and joint movements, and understanding anterior cruciate ligament mechanics. A summary of scientific and clinically directed studies conducted by other investigators are also provided. The utilization of this open source model by groups other than its developers emphasizes the premise of model sharing as an accelerator of simulation-based medicine. Finally, the imminent need to develop next-generation knee models is noted. These are anticipated to incorporate individualized anatomy and tissue properties supported by specimen-specific joint mechanics data for evaluation, all acquired in vitro from varying age

  8. Retrowalking as an adjunct to conventional treatment versus conventional treatment alone on pain and disability in patients with acute exacerbation of chronic knee osteoarthritis: A randomized clinical trial

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Gauri Arun Gondhalekar

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available Background: Increased external knee adduction moment during walking alters the joint biomechanics; which causes symptoms in chronic knee osteoarthritis patients. Aims: To assess additional effects of Retro-walking over conventional treatment on pain and disability in patients with acute exacerbation of chronic knee osteoarthritis. Materials and Methods: Thirty chronic knee osteoarthritis patients were randomly assigned into 2 groups. Group ′A′ (7 men, 8 women received conventional treatment. Group ′B′ (8 men, 7 women received conventional treatment and Retro-walking. Pain, assessed through visual analogue scale (VAS, and Western Ontario and McMaster Universities Arthritis Index (WOMAC were the primary outcomes and knee range of motion (ROM, hip abductor and extensor strength were secondary outcomes; measured pre-intervention, after 1 week and after 3 weeks of intervention. Results: Two factors analysis of variance for repeated measures was used for all outcomes. At the end of 3 weeks; WOMAC score showed highly significant difference within ( P < 0.0001 and significant difference between groups ( P = 0.040 also by Time × group interaction ( P = 0.024, VAS showed highly significant difference within groups ( P < 0.0001. Knee ROM showed significant difference within groups. Hip abductor and extensor strength showed significant difference by Time × group interaction ( P < 0.05. Conclusion: Retrowalking is an effective adjunct to conventional treatment in decreasing disability in patients with knee osteoarthritis.

  9. 应用国产AK-JPX后稳定型膝关节假体置换术后早期临床疗效观察%Early clinical efficacy of knee arthroplasty by domestic AK-JPX (posterior stabilized type) knee

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    谢贵杰; 甘伟伟; 何森荣

    2014-01-01

    Objective To investigate the early clinical effect of knee arthroplasty by domestic AK-JPX( posterior stabilized type) knee. Methods From November 2012 to April 2014,domestic AK-JPX(posterior stabilized type)knee arthroplasty was carried out in 19 pa-tients with 19 knees in Department of Orthopaedic Surgery,Affiliated Chizhou People's Hospital of Wannan Medical College. The pre-and post-operative knee HSS score and range of motion of affected knee were compared. The postoperative complications were observed. Results The mean follow-up time was 10 months(range 1~17 months). 1 case had deep vein thrombosis. 1 case had poor incision healing,the others had Io/A grade incision healing. No prosthesis loosening was observed in all patients by X-ray examination at follow-up. HSS knee score system was used to assess the effect,with assessments including joint pain,function and activity,but also the stabili-ty of the joint,muscle strength,flexion deformity and so on. The total score was 100 points. The scores more than 85 points were consid-ered as superior,less than 59 points as poor. Postoperative follow-up showed that the HSS score was 86 points. Conclusions The knee ar-throplasty by domestic AK-JPX( posterior stabilized type) knee has satisfactory early clinical effect. Its long-term effect needs further ob-servation.%目的:观察国产AK-JPX后稳定型膝关节假体置换术后早期临床疗效。方法2012年11月-2014年4月,该科室对使用国产AK-JPX后稳定型膝关节假体置换术19例19膝,比较术前术后患者膝关节 HSS 评分及膝关节活动度,观察术后并发症。结果随访时间1~17个月,平均10个月。发生深静脉血栓形成1例,切口愈合不良1例,余切口均Ⅰ/甲愈合。随访X线片检查所有手术病例均未出现假体松动情况。疗效评估采用HSS膝关节评分系统,总分100分,大于85分为优,小于59分为差,评估内容包括关节疼痛、功能以及活动度,还包括

  10. Treatment of knee osteoarthritis clinical curative effect ofcombination of Chinese traditional and Western Medicine%中西医结合治疗膝关节骨性关节炎临床疗效研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    吴兆军

    2014-01-01

    目的:研究中西医结合治疗膝关节骨性关节炎的临床疗效。方法从本院2013年3月~2014年3月期间收治的膝关节骨性关节炎患者中随机抽取68例并分为两组,单纯给予对照组西医治疗,研究组采用中西医结合治疗,对比研究两组临床疗效。结果治疗后,研究组膝关节功能评分、总有效率等,与对照组比较差异有统计学意义(P<0.05)。结论中西医结合治疗膝关节骨性关节炎临床疗效的效果较为显著,值得在临床上推广应用。%Objective To study the clinical curative effect of combining traditional Chinese and western medicine treatment of knee osteoarthritis.Methods From March 2013 to March 2013 in patients with knee osteoarthritis treated during 68 cases randomly and divided into two groups, simply giving the control group, western medicine treatment group adopt combine traditional Chinese and western medicine treatment, the comparative study of two groups of clinical curative effect.Results After treatment, the team knee function score and total effective rate, compared with the control group differences statistically signiifcance (P<0.05).Conclusion The effect of combining traditional Chinese and western medicine treatment of knee osteoarthritis clinical efifcacy is signiifcant, worthy of popularization and application in clinic.

  11. 自拟骨痹痛消方治疗膝骨性关节炎的临床观察%Clinical observation on treating knee osteoarthritis with the self-made Gubi Tongxiao recipe

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    汪俊红; 柴喜平; 王承祥

    2013-01-01

    Objective:To observe clinical observation on treating knee osteoarthritis with self-made Gubi Tongxiao recipe. 60 cases of knee synovitis were randomly divided into two groups, 34 cases in experimental group, 26 cases in control group. The experimental group was given Gubi Tongxiao recipe, while control group was given Naiding ketone capsule. Clinical efficacy of the two groups was compared after 4 weeks. Results: The clinical efficacy of the experimental group than the control group (Z=-08.992, P= 0.000) difference was statistically significant (P<0.05). Conclusion:Gubi Tongxiao recipe can reduce the clinical symptoms of knee osteoarthritis and improve knee function. Its efficacy is superior to nabumetone capsules.%  目的:观察骨痹痛消方治疗退行性膝关节炎的临床疗效。方法:采用随机数字表将符合要求的60例膝关节滑膜炎患者随机分为两组,实验组120例,对照组100例。实验组患者采用骨痹痛消方治疗,对照组患者口服奈丁美酮胶囊,治疗4周后对两组患者疗效进行评定。结果:实验组临床疗效优于对照组(Z=-08.992,P=0.000)差异有统计学意义(P<0.05)。结论:骨痹痛消方能明显减轻膝骨性关节炎患者的临床症状,改善膝关节功能,其疗效优于萘丁美酮胶囊。

  12. Influence of the insert design on clinical results and kinematics of the knee after total knee arthroplasty%垫片改良设计对膝关节置换术后临床功能和膝关节运动的影响

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    及松洁; 周一新; 李玉军; 刘庆华; 黄野

    2010-01-01

    Objective To investigate the influence of the insert design of knee prosthesis on clinical results and kinematics of the knee after total knee arthroplasty (TKA). Methods Forty-two knees in 28 patients with knee osteoarthritis undergoing TKA using the GENESIS Ⅱ from July 2007 to June 2009 were included in this study, mean follow-up of 27.7 months. The cases were divided into 2 groups according to the type of insert, one was high flexion insert group (23 knees) and the other was standard insert group (19 knees). Two groups were compared by clinical ratings of knee function. The motion of flexion and extension of the two groups was observed by cyclic fluoroscopy and the data was analyzed by mapping software. The influence of the insert design of knee prosthesis on kinematics of the knee after TKA was investigated by comparing the parameters of the two groups during the movement of knee joint, including femoral roll back and extensor mechanism arm. Results The range of motion of standard insert group and high flexion insert group was 120° and 123° respectively with no difference between them. There was no difference of knee society clinical rating system in both groups. Feller score of high flexion insert group was higher than the standard insert group, the difference was significant statistically (P =0.012). In the imaging measurement, the two groups had no differences in femoral rollback and extensor mechanism arm during the 0 to 120° range of movement. The two groups appeared significant statistically (P = 0.034) in the extensor mechanism arm when flexion extended to 130°. Conclusions The high flexion improved design may play a certain role on reducing anterior knee pain and improving knee function after TKA. However, the improved design may be reduced the extensor mechanism arm when high flexion, so that affecting the work ablility of quadriceps.%目的 探讨膝关节假体垫片设计对膝关节置换术后临床功能和膝

  13. Clinical experience with a new hip-knee-ankle-foot orthotic system using a medial single hip joint for paraplegic standing and walking.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Saitoh, E; Suzuki, T; Sonoda, S; Fujitani, J; Tomita, Y; Chino, N

    1996-01-01

    The Walkabout is a new hip-knee-ankle-foot orthotic (HKAFO) system with a medial single hip joint (MSH-KAFO) invented by S. McKay in 1992. Compared with other HKAFO systems, the hip joint part is compact and removable, so it has distinguishable, real merits: ease in donning and doffing the device, compatibility with a wheelchair, and cosmesis. We clinically tested five patients, paraplegic because of spinal cord injury, using the MSH-KAFO system. All were males, aged 26-36 yr old. Their functional levels were L-1 (2 cases), T-10 (2 cases), and T-5 (1 case). All patients could stand stably without crutches and walk in parallel bars immediately the first time they wore the braces. After a few hours of crutch-walking exercises, all could walk independently with Lofstrand crutches. Their walking velocities ranged from 10 to 37.5 (mean, 19.9) m/min at the follow-up points (mean, 7.1 mo). With four cases, we measured oxygen uptake for predictions of energy consumption. At comfortable walking, predicted energy consumptions were from 1.31 to 3.89 (mean, 2.75) METs. Compared with the data in literature, these seemed to be at the same level with normal walking and lower than the KAFOs walking level. Our results suggest that MSH-KAFO is a very convenient standing and walking device for paraplegics and is compatible with wheelchair use.

  14. Arthroscopic knee debridement can delay total knee replacement in painful moderate haemophilic arthropathy of the knee in adult patients.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rodriguez-Merchan, E Carlos; Gomez-Cardero, Primitivo

    2016-09-01

    The role of arthroscopic debridement of the knee in haemophilia is controversial in the literature. The purpose of this study is to describe the results of arthroscopic knee debridement (AKD), with the aim of determining whether it is possible to delay total knee replacement (TKR) for painful moderate haemophilic arthropathy of the knee in adult patients. In a 14-year period (1998-2011), AKD was performed for moderate haemophilic arthropathy of the knee in 27 patients with haemophilia A. Their average age at operation was 28.6 years (range 26-39 years). Indications for surgery were as follows: more than 90° of knee flexion, flexion deformity less than 30°, good axial alignment of the knee, good patellar alignment, and pain above >60 points in a visual analogue scale [0 (no pain) to 100 points]. Secondary haematological prophylaxis and rehabilitation (physiotherapy) was given for at least 3 months after surgery. Follow-up was for an average of 7.5 years (range 2-14 years). We assessed the clinical outcome before surgery and at the time of latest follow-up using the Knee Society pain and function scores, the range of motion, and the radiological score of the World Federation of Haemophilia. Knee Society pain scores improved from 39 preoperatively to 66 postoperatively, and function scores improved from 36 to 52. Range of motion improved on an average from -15° of extension and 90° of flexion before surgery, to -5° of extension and 110° of flexion at the last follow-up. A radiological deterioration of 2.8 points on average was found. There were two (7.4%) postoperative complications (haemarthroses resolved by joint aspiration). One patient (3.7%) required a TKR 12.5 years later. AKD should be considered in painful moderate haemophilic arthropathy of the knee in adult patients to delay TKR.

  15. Microprocessor prosthetic knees.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Berry, Dale

    2006-02-01

    This article traces the development of microprocessor prosthetic knees from early research in the 1970s to the present. Read about how microprocessor knees work, functional options, patient selection, and the future of this prosthetic.

  16. Prosthetic Knee Systems

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... Facebook Google Bookmarks Technorati Yahoo MyWeb Prosthetic Knee Systems Translated into plain language by Helen Osborne of ... Consulting Original article by Bill Dupes Prosthetic knee systems are among the most complex of all components. ...

  17. Partial knee replacement - slideshow

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... page: //medlineplus.gov/ency/presentations/100225.htm Partial knee replacement - series—Normal anatomy To use the sharing ... A.M. Editorial team. Related MedlinePlus Health Topics Knee Replacement A.D.A.M., Inc. is accredited ...

  18. Knee braces - unloading

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... most people talk about the arthritis in their knees, they are referring to a type of arthritis ... is caused by wear and tear inside your knee joints. Cartilage, the firm, rubbery tissue that cushions ...

  19. Knee arthroscopy - slideshow

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... this page: //medlineplus.gov/ency/presentations/100117.htm Knee arthroscopy - series—Normal anatomy To use the sharing ... to slide 5 out of 5 Overview The knee is a complex joint made up of the ...

  20. Knee joint replacement - slideshow

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... this page: //medlineplus.gov/ency/presentations/100088.htm Knee joint replacement - series—Normal anatomy To use the ... to slide 4 out of 4 Overview The knee is a complex joint. It contains the distal ...

  1. 膝内侧副韧带损伤的临床研究进展%Clinical research progress of medial collateral ligament injuries of the knee

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    黄扬云

    2012-01-01

    Medial collateral ligament (MCL) of the knee can maintain the joint stability and movement. MCL injuries often occur in car accident and sports. Improper treatment may lead to severe knee dysfunction. The injury classification is refined. By MRI, the MCL fracture position and associated injuries can be found, which is helpful to make the treatment plan. There are many therapeutic methods for MCL injuries of the knee. And currently the treatment with semitendinosus and gracilis transport to repair MCL gets satisfactory curative results. Through reviewing the diagnosis, therapeutic methods and curative effects of MCL injuries of the knee, it is found that the treatment with semitendinosus and gracilis transport to repair MCL could fully play the inherent biological effect of MCL.

  2. The Analgesic Effects of Morphine and Tramadol Added to Intra-articular Levobupivacaine-Tenoxicam Combination for Arthroscopic Knee Surgery on Postoperative Pain; a Randomized Clinical Trial

    National Research Council Canada - National Science Library

    Oral, Ebru Gelici; Hanci, Ayse; Ulufer Sivrikaya, Gulcihan; Dobrucali, Hale; Turkoglu Kilinc, Leyla

    2015-01-01

    .... We aimed to compare the effects of intra-articular levobupivacaine-tenoxicam-tramadol and levobupivacaine-tenoxicam-morphine combinations on postoperative pain in patients undergoing elective arthroscopic knee surgery...

  3. Loss of knee-extension strength is related to knee swelling after total knee arthroplasty

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Holm, Bente; Kristensen, Morten T; Bencke, Jesper;

    2010-01-01

    To examine whether changes in knee-extension strength and functional performance are related to knee swelling after total knee arthroplasty (TKA).......To examine whether changes in knee-extension strength and functional performance are related to knee swelling after total knee arthroplasty (TKA)....

  4. The Analgesic Effects of Morphine and Tramadol Added to Intra-articular Levobupivacaine-Tenoxicam Combination for Arthroscopic Knee Surgery on Postoperative Pain; a Randomized Clinical Trial

    OpenAIRE

    Oral, Ebru Gelici; Hanci, Ayse; Ulufer Sivrikaya, Gulcihan; Dobrucali, Hale; Turkoglu Kilinc, Leyla

    2015-01-01

    Background: Arthroscopic knee surgery is commonly performed as an outpatient procedure and is often associated with postoperative pain. Objectives: We aimed to compare the effects of intra-articular levobupivacaine-tenoxicam-tramadol and levobupivacaine-tenoxicam-morphine combinations on postoperative pain in patients undergoing elective arthroscopic knee surgery. Materials and Methods: A total of 90 ASA I-II patients undergoing elective arthroscopic meniscectomy under general anesthesia were...

  5. Effects of Group-Based Exercise on Range of Motion, Muscle Strength, Functional Ability, and Pain During the Acute Phase After Total Knee Arthroplasty: A Controlled Clinical Trial.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hiyama, Yoshinori; Kamitani, Tsukasa; Wada, Osamu; Mizuno, Kiyonori; Yamada, Minoru

    2016-09-01

    Study Design Prospective observational study including a historical control group. Background The extent to which group-based exercise (G-EXE) improves knee range of motion (ROM), quadriceps strength, and gait ability is similar to that of individualized exercise (I-EXE) at 6 weeks and 8 months after total knee arthroplasty (TKA). However, the benefits of G-EXE for patients during the acute recovery phase after TKA remain unclear. Objective To determine the effects of G-EXE during the acute recovery phase after TKA on knee ROM, quadriceps strength, functional ability, and knee pain. Methods Two hundred thirty-one patients participated in G-EXE in addition to regular ambulation and activities-of-daily-living exercises twice daily during the hospital stay. Outcomes were compared to those of a retrospectively identified, historical control group (I-EXE group [n = 206]) that included patients who performed exercises identical to those performed by the G-EXE group. The outcomes included knee ROM, quadriceps strength, pain intensity, and timed up-and-go test score at 1 month before surgery and at discharge. Analyses were adjusted for age, body mass index, sex, length of hospital stay, and preoperative values. Results Changes in ROM of knee flexion and extension (Pexercises demonstrated greater changes in knee ROM, quadriceps strength, and knee pain than those performing I-EXE in addition to regular ambulation and activities-of-daily-living exercises. The nonrandomized, asynchronous design decreases certainty of these findings. Level of Evidence Therapy, level 2b. J Orthop Sports Phys Ther 2016;46(9):742-748. Epub 5 Aug 2016. doi:10.2519/jospt.2016.6409.

  6. Toward a Clinical Definition of Early Osteoarthritis: Onset of Patient-Reported Knee Pain Begins on Stairs. Data From the Osteoarthritis Initiative

    OpenAIRE

    Hensor, EM; Dube, B.; Kingsbury, SR; Tennant, A; Conaghan, PG

    2014-01-01

    OBJECTIVE: Early detection of osteoarthritis (OA) would increase the chances of effective intervention. We aimed to investigate which patient-reported activity is first associated with knee pain. We hypothesized that pain would occur first during activities requiring weight bearing and knee bending. METHODS: Data were obtained from the Osteoarthritis Initiative (OAI), a multicenter, longitudinal prospective observational cohort of people who have or are at high risk of OA. Participants comple...

  7. The effect of exercise therapy on knee adduction moment in individuals with knee osteoarthritis: A systematic review.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ferreira, Giovanni E; Robinson, Caroline Cabral; Wiebusch, Matheus; Viero, Carolina Cabral de Mello; da Rosa, Luis Henrique Telles; Silva, Marcelo Faria

    2015-07-01

    Exercise therapy is an evidence-based intervention for the conservative management of knee osteoarthritis. It is hypothesized that exercise therapy could reduce the knee adduction moment. A systematic review was performed in order to verify the effects of exercise therapy on the knee adduction moment in individuals with knee osteoarthritis in studies that also assessed pain and physical function. A comprehensive electronic search was performed on MEDLINE, Cochrane CENTRAL, EMBASE, Google scholar and OpenGrey. Inclusion criteria were randomized controlled trials with control or sham groups as comparator assessing pain, physical function, muscle strength and knee adduction moment during walking at self-selected speed in individuals with knee osteoarthritis that underwent a structured exercise therapy rehabilitation program. Two independent reviewers extracted the data and assessed risk of bias. For each study, knee adduction moment, pain and physical function outcomes were extracted. For each outcome, mean differences and 95% confidence intervals were calculated. Due to clinical heterogeneity among exercise therapy protocols, a descriptive analysis was chosen. Three studies, comprising 233 participants, were included. None of the studies showed significant differences between strengthening and control/sham groups in knee adduction moment. In regards to pain and physical function, the three studies demonstrated significant improvement in pain and two of them showed increased physical function following exercise therapy compared to controls. Muscle strength and torque significantly improved in all the three trials favoring the intervention group. Clinical benefits from exercise therapy were not associated with changes in the knee adduction moment. The lack of knee adduction moment reduction indicates that exercise therapy may not be protective in knee osteoarthritis from a joint loading point of view. Alterations in neuromuscular control, not captured by the knee

  8. Clinical analysis of total knee arthroplasty therapy for unilateral knee varus combined with flexion contracture deformity%人工全膝关节置换术治疗单侧膝内翻合并屈曲挛缩畸形的临床分析

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    刘朋飞; 郭林; 田丰德; 傅维民; 康凯

    2013-01-01

    目的 对人工全膝关节置换术(TKA)治疗单侧膝内翻合并屈曲挛缩畸形进行临床分析.方法 对15例膝内翻(内翻角度5~20°)合并屈曲挛缩畸形(屈曲畸形角度>20°)患者行人工全膝关节置换术.分析术中软组织的松解、下肢力线的恢复以及术后双下肢的等长问题.结果 术中除1例原屈曲挛缩角度60.者手术矫正后仍残留5.屈曲,其余14例术后均达到膝关节完全伸直.结论 对于膝内翻合并屈曲挛缩畸形,股骨、胫骨要求对线准确,保证假体置入后股骨头中心、膝关节中心与踝关节中心位于一条直线,使力线得到矫正;软组织松解的平衡要求每完成一步都要进行测量,预防术后关节不稳;下肢长度要恢复等长,防止术后跛行.%Objective To perform clinical analysis of total knee arthroplasty therapy for unilateral knee varus combined with flexion contracture deformity. Methods Fifteen cases of varus (varus angle of 5~20°) combined with flexion conttacture (flexion deformity angle>20°) underwent total knee arthroplasty. The release of soft tissue surgery,lower extremity alignment restoration and postoperative lower extremity length were analyzed. Results After surgery,one patient with preoperative 60° flexion contracture improved to residual 5° knee flexion. The other 14 patients achieved full extension. Conclusion For patients with knee varus combined with flexion contracture deformity,alignment of the femur and tibia should be corrected to ensure the center of the femoral head,knee joint and ankle joint at the same line. The alignment should be corrected. Release of the soft tissue should be measured after each procedure is finished to prevent the instability of the joint after operation. The length of both lower limbs should be restored equally to prevent limping after surgery.

  9. Interexaminer, intraexaminer and test-retest reliability of clinical knee joint-position-sense measurements using an image-capture technique.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Relph, Nicola; Herrington, Lee

    2015-05-20

    Knee joint-position sense (JPS) plays a critical role in controlled and stable joint movement. Poor ability to sense position of the knee can therefore increase risk of injury. There is no agreed consensus on JPS measurement techniques and a lack of reliability statistics on methods. To identify the most reliable knee JPS measurement technique using image capture. Interexaminer, intraexaminer, and test-retest reliability of knee JPS measurements. Biomechanics laboratory. 10 asymptomatic participants. None. Relative and absolute error scores of knee JPS in 3 conditions (sitting, prone, active) through 3 ranges of movement (10-30°, 30-60°, 60-90°), into 2 directions (flexion and extension) using both legs (dominant and nondominant) collected during 15 trials and repeated 7 d after the first data collection. Statistical analysis by intraclass correlations revealed excellent interexaminer reliability between researchers (.98) and intraexaminer reliability within 1 researcher (.96). Test-retest reliability was highest in the sitting condition from a starting angle of 0°, target angle through 60-90° of flexion, using the dominant leg and absolute-error-score variables (ICC = .92). However, it was noted smallest detectable differences were a high percentage of mean values for all measures. The most reliable JPS measurement for asymptomatic participants has been identified. Practitioners should use this protocol when collecting JPS data during prescreening sessions. However, generalizability of findings to a class/group of clients exhibiting knee pathologies should be done with caution.

  10. Accurate intra-articular knee joint injection in the obese? 'Fat Chance!'-A clinical lesson and recommendations for secondary referral.

    LENUS (Irish Health Repository)

    McGarry, James G

    2011-04-12

    Abstract Corticosteroid joint injections are perceived as being an effective treatment for symptomatic knee osteoarthritis, with a very low risk of complications. While the procedure is often performed in secondary care by orthopaedic surgeons and rheumatologists (and trainees in either specialty), the role of general practitioners (GPs) in chronic disease management has long existed with joint injections also frequently performed in primary care. The perception that serious complications from corticosteroid knee joint injections are rare and that their benefits in treating symptomatic knee osteoarthritis significantly outweigh the risks has not been well addressed. We present a case of a 71-year-old obese female who presented to her general practitioner (GP) with worsening left knee pain and radiographic changes consistent with osteoarthritis. She was administered a corticosteroid joint injection, which gave minimal relief, and over the next few days resulted in worsening severe pain, erythema and swelling. She returned to the GP who commenced oral antibiotics and referred her to casualty. A large knee abscess was diagnosed and intravenous antibiotics were commenced. The patient was admitted under the orthopaedic surgeons with her treatment consisting of multiple surgical procedures over a prolonged duration. Although lengthy, her postoperative recovery was unremarkable. Based on this case report and our review of the literature, we highlight the potential complications associated with corticosteroid knee joint injections and suggest certain patients for whom we would recommend secondary referral before any intervention in primary care.

  11. [Rivaroxaban versus standard of care in venous thromboembolism prevention following hip or knee arthroplasty in daily clinical practice (Spanish data from the international study XAMOS)].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Granero, J; Díaz de Rada, P; Lozano, L M; Martínez, J; Herrera, A

    2016-01-01

    To analyse the effectiveness and safety of rivaroxaban vs. standard treatment (ST) in the prevention of venous thromboembolism after hip or knee replacement in daily clinical practice in Spain. A sub-analysis of the Spanish data in the XAMOS international observational study that included patients>18 years who received 10mg o.d. rivaroxaban or ST. up to 3 months after surgery. incidence of symptomatic/asymptomatic thromboembolic events, bleeding, mortality, and other adverse events; use of health resources and satisfaction after hospital discharge. Of the total 801 patients included, 410 received rivaroxaban and 391 ST (64.7% heparin, 24.0% fondaparinux, 11% dabigatran). The incidence of symptomatic thromboembolic events and major bleeding was similar in both groups (0.2% vs. 0.8% wit ST and 0.7% vs. 1.3% with ST [EMA criteria]/0.0% vs. 0.3% with ST [RECORD criteria]). The adverse events incidence associated with the drug was significantly higher rivaroxaban (overall: 4.4% vs. 0.8% with ST, P=.001; serious: 1.5% vs. 0.0% with ST, P=.03). The rivaroxaban used less health resources after discharge, and the majority considered the tolerability as «very good« and the treatment as «very comfortable». Rivaroxaban is at least as effective as ST in the prevention of venous thromboembolism prevention in daily clinical practice, with a similar incidence of haemorrhages. It provides greater satisfaction/comfort, and less health resources after discharge. These results should be interpreted taking into account the limitations inherent in observational studies. Copyright © 2014 SECOT. Published by Elsevier Espana. All rights reserved.

  12. Total knee arthroplasty

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Schrøder, Henrik M.; Petersen, Michael M.

    2016-01-01

    Total knee arthroplasty (TKA) is a successful treatment of the osteoarthritic knee, which has increased dramatically over the last 30 years. The indication is a painful osteoarthritic knee with relevant radiographic findings and failure of conservative measures like painkillers and exercise. Trea...

  13. Clinical effect comparison between physiotherapy and ozone combined with acupotomy in knee joint osteoarthritis%理疗与臭氧联合针刀治疗膝关节骨性关节炎的疗效比较

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    俞正伟

    2013-01-01

    Objective To discuss the clinical effect of ozone injection combined with acupotomy in knee osteoarthritis. Methods A total of 120 cases of knee osteoarthritis patients were randomly divided into the physiotherapy group and the ozone combined with acupotomy group. The physiotherapy group was given infrared and magnetic therapy by prescription, 20 minutes per day, totally 2 weeks. The ozone combined with acupotomy group was given 30 ml of ozone to inject knee joint cavity and acupotomy therapy in parallel, once a week, totally 2 weeks. The pain, joint range of motion and Lysholm knee scores were compared. Results Both of the group showed that the relieve of the pain, the improvement of the knee joint motion and the improvement of Lysholm knee score, the differences were statistically significant(t=2.00,3.35,4.28,2.24, 4.38,3.25,P<0.05). Compared with the physiotherapy group after treatment, the pain of the ozone combined with acupo-tomy group was significantly relieved as well as the knee joint motion and Lysholm knee score were significantly (t=2.35,5.23,3.71,P<0.05). Conclusions Ozone injection combined with acupotomy is better than physiotherapy in reliev-ing the pain, improving the knee joint motion and improving the Lysholm knee score.%目的探讨臭氧注射联合针刀治疗膝关节骨性关节炎临床疗效。方法以120例膝关节骨性关节炎患者为研究对象,随机分为臭氧联合针刀组和理疗组。理疗组给予磁疗加红线外治疗,20 min/d,共2周;臭氧联合针刀组按照操作程序向膝关节腔内注入30 ml臭氧并行针刀治疗,每周1次,共两次。比较两组疼痛、关节活动度及Lysholm膝关节评分变化。结果经理疗及臭氧联合针刀治疗后,两组疼痛减轻,膝关节活动度及Lysholm膝关节评分均提高,差异均有统计学意义(t分别=2.00、3.35、4.28;2.24、4.38、3.25,P均<0.05);臭氧联合针刀组治疗后疼痛较理疗组治疗后明显减轻、

  14. Flexion test in the coronal plane deformities of knee.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gautam, V K; Maini, Lalit; Gupta, Rajat; Sabharwal, Akash; Arora, Sumit

    2013-09-01

    A little information is available in the orthopaedic literature on the clinical bedside assessment of the coronal plane deformities of the knee. We aim to explain the 'knee flexion test' to make it useful for the clinicians and the students learning the art of orthopaedics. We describe the principle, pre-requisites, fallacy, and modification of the 'knee flexion test' along with the illustrative case description that had genu valgum deformity of the left knee of tibial origin. The 'knee flexion test' should be a part of clinical bedside assessment of the coronal plane deformities of the knee.

  15. Preliminary clinical results of domestic T-free knee prosthesis%国产膝关节表面假体的临床应用初步报告

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张绍龙; 关振鹏; 裴征; 李云鹏; 张卓; 王宁

    2012-01-01

    Objective To compare domestic T-free knee prosthesis with the similar imported prosthesis in preliminary clinical results for early follow-up.Methods From July 2008 to December 2009,35knees of 25 patients were implanted with domestic T-free knee prosthesis,including unilateral TKA in 15 cases and bilateral TKA in 10.Deformity included flexion contracture in 19 cases with 25 knees,varus deformity in 11 with 18 knees,valgus deformity in 4 with 5 knees.The preoperative average ROM was 75.11°±27.68°,the mean points of Knee Society Score(KSS)were 17.88±14.37,and the average points of KSS function scores were 21.62±21.27.In the same period,all 27 cases with 39 knees operated by the same surgeon were implanted the similar imported prosthesis,and they were set for control group to do the retrospective cohort study.The patients of two groups who completed follow up had no statistical differences in age,BMI and preoperation ROM(P>0.05),but they had statistical differences in pre-operation KSS scores and pre-operation KSS function scores(P<0.05).Results The domestic prosthesis group's average follow-up time were 14.92±8.32 months and had no statistically different with the control group's 15.42±9.87 months(P>0.05).The mean postoperation knee ROM of domestic knee prosthesis group was 107.53°±18.32° in 14.92±8.32months follow-up,which did not differ with that of the imported group 112.84°±9.76°(P>0.05).There was no statistical difference in KSS scores between the domestic 86.71 ±9.78 and the imported group 86.68±6.01,and no difference in KSS functional scores was found between the domestic 65.88±25.01 and the imported knee prosthesis 71.35±16.74(P>0.05).The satisfaction rate after TKA was 95.8%(23/24)in domestic knee prosthesis group.Conclusion The domestic T-free knee prosthesis was commensurate with the similar imported knee prosthesis in preliminary clinical results for early follow-up.%目的 比较国产T-free膝关节假体与同类进口假

  16. Traumatic knee extension deficit (the locked knee)

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Helmark, I C; Neergaard, K; Krogsgaard, M R

    2007-01-01

    In the present study we investigated the validity of magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) and arthroscopy in knees with acute, traumatic extension deficit (the "locked knee"), and evaluated whether arthroscopy of knees with no mechanical pathology could be avoided by MRI evaluation. The study consisted...... of 50 patients who had an acute, traumatic extension deficit of the knee. All patients were submitted to MRI prior to arthroscopy. Following MRI and surgery, standardized forms were filled out, attempting to objectify the findings. The orthopaedic surgeon was not aware of the MRI result prior to surgery......, the following results were calculated for the overall appearance of a lesion able to cause locking: Positive predictive value = 0.85, negative predictive value = 0.77, sensitivity = 0.95, specificity = 0.53. Two knees were erroneously evaluated with no mechanical locking at MRI (one bucket-handle lesion and one...

  17. Knee Arthrodesis after failure of Knee Arthroplasty

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Gottfriedsen, Tinne B; Morville Schrøder, Henrik; Odgaard, Anders

    2016-01-01

    BACKGROUND: Arthrodesis is considered a salvage procedure after failure of a knee arthroplasty. Data on the use of this procedure are limited. The purpose of this study was to identify the incidence, causes, surgical techniques, and outcomes of arthrodesis after failed knee arthroplasty...... in a nationwide population. METHODS: Data were extracted from the Danish Civil Registration System, the Danish National Patient Register, and the Danish Knee Arthroplasty Register. A total of 92,785 primary knee arthroplasties performed in Denmark from 1997 to 2013 were identified by linking the data using....... Differences in cumulative incidence were compared with the Gray test. RESULTS: A total of 164 of the 165 arthrodeses were performed for causes related to failed knee arthroplasty. The 15-year cumulative incidence of arthrodesis was 0.26% (95% confidence interval, 0.21% to 0.31%). The 5-year cumulative...

  18. Data Collection and Analysis Using Wearable Sensors for Monitoring Knee Range of Motion after Total Knee Arthroplasty

    Science.gov (United States)

    Chiang, Chih-Yen; Chen, Kun-Hui; Liu, Kai-Chun; Hsu, Steen Jun-Ping; Chan, Chia-Tai

    2017-01-01

    Total knee arthroplasty (TKA) is the most common treatment for degenerative osteoarthritis of that articulation. However, either in rehabilitation clinics or in hospital wards, the knee range of motion (ROM) can currently only be assessed using a goniometer. In order to provide continuous and objective measurements of knee ROM, we propose the use of wearable inertial sensors to record the knee ROM during the recovery progress. Digitalized and objective data can assist the surgeons to control the recovery status and flexibly adjust rehabilitation programs during the early acute inpatient stage. The more knee flexion ROM regained during the early inpatient period, the better the long-term knee recovery will be and the sooner early discharge can be achieved. The results of this work show that the proposed wearable sensor approach can provide an alternative for continuous monitoring and objective assessment of knee ROM recovery progress for TKA patients compared to the traditional goniometer measurements. PMID:28241434

  19. 全膝关节置换治疗类风湿性关节炎临床分析%Clinical analysis of total knee arthroplasty for the treatment of rheumatoid arthritis

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    朱德志

    2015-01-01

    Objective:To explore the clinical effect of total knee arthroplasty for the treatment of rheumatoid arthritis.Methods:20 patients with rheumatoid arthritis were selected.They were treated by total knee replacement.We observed the effect of treatment. Results:The stability was improved in 9%;flexion deformity was improved in 56%;muscle strength was improved in 41%;activity was improved in 10.5%;function was improved in 64.1%;pain was improved in 52.7%;HSS was improvement in 44.6%.Conclusion:The clinical effect of total knee arthroplasty for the treatment of rheumatoid arthritis was significant.%目的:探讨全膝关节置换治疗类风湿性关节炎的临床效果。方法:收治类风湿性关节炎患者20例,采用全膝关节置换治疗,观察治疗效果。结果:稳定性改善9%,屈曲畸形改善56%,肌力改善41%,活动度改善10.5%,功能改善64.1%,疼痛改善52.7%,HSS改善44.6%。结论:全膝关节置换治疗类风湿性关节炎疗效显著。

  20. Effect of Comorbid Knee and Hip Osteoarthritis on Longitudinal Clinical and Health Care Use Outcomes in Older Adults With New Visits for Back Pain.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rundell, Sean D; Goode, Adam P; Suri, Pradeep; Heagerty, Patrick J; Comstock, Bryan A; Friedly, Janna L; Gold, Laura S; Bauer, Zoya; Avins, Andrew L; Nedeljkovic, Srdjan S; Nerenz, David R; Kessler, Larry; Jarvik, Jeffrey G

    2017-01-01

    To examine if a comorbid diagnosis of knee or hip osteoarthritis (OA) in older adults with new back pain visits is associated with long-term patient-reported outcomes and back-related health care use. Prospective cohort study. Three integrated health systems forming the Back pain Outcomes using Longitudinal Data cohort. Participants (N=5155) were older adults (≥65y) with a new visit for back pain and a complete electronic health record data. Not applicable; we obtained OA diagnoses using diagnostic codes in the electronic health record 12 months prior to the new back pain visit. The Roland-Morris Disability Questionnaire (RDQ) and the EuroQol-5D (EQ-5D) were key patient-reported outcomes. Health care use, measured by relative-value units (RVUs), was summed for the 12 months after the initial visit. We used linear mixed-effects models to model patient-reported outcomes. We also used generalized linear models to test the association between comorbid knee or hip OA and total back-related RVUs. Of the 5155 participants, 368 (7.1%) had a comorbid knee OA diagnosis, and 94 (1.8%) had a hip OA diagnosis. Of the participants, 4711 (91.4%) had neither knee nor hip OA. In adjusted models, the 12-month RDQ score was 1.23 points higher (95% confidence interval [CI], 0.72-1.74) for patients with knee OA and 1.26 points higher (95% CI, 0.24-2.27) for those with hip OA than those without knee or hip OA, respectively. A lower EQ-5D score was found among participants with knee OA (.02 lower; 95% CI, -.04 to -.01) and hip OA diagnoses (.03 lower; 95% CI, -.05 to -.01) compared with those without knee or hip OA, respectively. Comorbid knee or hip OA was not significantly associated with total 12-month back-related resource use. Comorbid knee or hip OA in older adults with a new back pain visit was associated with modestly worse long-term disability and health-related quality of life. Copyright © 2016 American Congress of Rehabilitation Medicine. Published by Elsevier Inc. All

  1. Clinical analysis of total knee arthroplasty in patients with late rheumatoid arthritis%人工全膝关节置换术治疗晚期类风湿性关节炎的疗效研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    郭江; 张忠杰; 张才东; 夏波; 李忠; 陈歌; 谭美云

    2015-01-01

    目的::探讨人工全膝关节置换术(total knee arthroplasty,TKA)治疗晚期膝关节类风湿性关节炎的手术方法及临床疗效。方法:回顾性分析2006年7月至2014年11月,采用全膝关节置换术治疗晚期膝关节类风湿性关节炎患者36例(45膝)。其中男24例,女12例。年龄58~79岁,平均72岁。临床症状主要表现为患膝疼痛,屈曲挛缩畸形及功能受限。术后随访膝关节(HSS评分)及放射X片影像学改变。结果:所有病人术后平均随访43个月,无1例出现假体周围感染、深静脉血栓形成等并发症。5例术后出现腓总神经麻痹,经过营养神经等保守治疗,术后半年恢复。膝关节HSS评分由术前(51.75±4.14)分上升至术后(85.75±2.47)分,与术前HSS评分比较,P<0.01,差异有统计学意义,其中优31膝,良9膝,优良率达89豫。膝关节假体X线片影像学随访未见假体松动。结论:人工全膝关节置换术中通过精确的截骨纠正下肢力线以及合理的软组织松解治疗晚期类风湿性关节炎可获得满意的临床疗效。%Objective: To explore the clinical effect and techniques of total knee arthroplasty (TKA) on the patients with late knee rheumatoid arthritis (RA). Methods From july 2006 to November 2014, TKA waw performed in 36 patients with 45 knees suffered from late RA, including male 24 knees and female 12 knees, with an average age of 72 years (58 ~ 79 years). All patients experienced severe pain and knee flexion contracture. The patients were all followed up and evaluated with HSS score and X radiographic examination. Results The average period of follow-up was 43 months. The mean HSS score was improved from preoperative 51.75±4.14 points to postoperative 85.75 ± 2.47 points, with statistically significant difference (P< 0.01). According to HSS, 31 knees were rated excellent, 9 good, and the choiceness rate was 89%. There were no complications such as infection and

  2. Exploring the effect of space and place on response to exercise therapy for knee and hip pain-a protocol for a double-blind randomised controlled clinical trial

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Sandal, Louise Fleng; Thorlund, Jonas Bloch; Ulrich, Roger S;

    2015-01-01

    INTRODUCTION: Context effects are described as effects of a given treatment, not directly caused by the treatment itself, but rather caused by the context in which treatment is delivered. Exercise is a recommended core treatment in clinical guidelines for musculoskeletal disorders. Although...... moderately effective overall, variation is seen in size of response to exercise across randomised controlled trial (RCT) studies. Part of this variation may be related to the fact that exercise interventions are performed in different physical environments, which may affect participants differently....... The study aims to investigate the effect of exercising in a contextually enhanced physical environment for 8 weeks in people with knee or hip pain. METHODS AND ANALYSIS: The study is a double-blind RCT. Eligible participants are 35 years or older with persisting knee and/or hip pain for 3 months...

  3. The effect on knee-joint load of instruction in analgesic use compared with neuromuscular exercise in patients with knee osteoarthritis

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Clausen, Brian; Holsgaard-Larsen, Anders; Søndergaard, Jens

    2014-01-01

    BACKGROUND: Knee osteoarthritis (OA) is a mechanically driven disease, and it is suggested that medial tibiofemoral knee-joint load increases with pharmacologic pain relief, indicating that pharmacologic pain relief may be positively associated with disease progression. Treatment modalities......, compared with optimized analgesics and antiinflammatory drug use, on the measures of knee-joint load in people with mild to moderate medial tibiofemoral knee osteoarthritis. METHOD/DESIGN: One hundred men and women with mild to moderate medial knee osteoarthritis will be recruited from general medical...... and physical function in people with mild to moderate knee osteoarthritis. TRIAL REGISTRATION: ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT01638962 (July 3, 2012)....

  4. The GSB total knee arthroplasty. A medium- and long-term follow-up and survival analysis.

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Loon, C. van; Pluk, C.; Waal Malefijt, M.C. de; Kock, M. de; Veth, R.P.H.

    2001-01-01

    From 1981 to 1987, 77 GSB-II total knee arthroplasties were implanted in 65 patients. There were 23 men and 42 women aged on average 60 years old (range 30-85 years). The diagnosis was osteoarthritis (OA) in 21 knees, rheumatoid arthritis (RA) in 44 knees, and other in 12 knees. A clinical and radio

  5. Neuromuscular activity and knee kinematics in adolescents with patellofemoral pain

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Rathleff, Michael Skovdal; Samani, Afshin; Olesen, Jens L.

    2013-01-01

    This study aimed to investigate the neuromuscular control of the knee during stair descent among female adolescents with patellofemoral pain (PFP) and to report its association with self-reported clinical status assessed by the Knee Injury and Osteoarthritis Outcome Score (KOOS).......This study aimed to investigate the neuromuscular control of the knee during stair descent among female adolescents with patellofemoral pain (PFP) and to report its association with self-reported clinical status assessed by the Knee Injury and Osteoarthritis Outcome Score (KOOS)....

  6. Mobile- and fixed-bearing total knee arthroplasty for knee osteoarthritis Comparisons of early clinical outcomes%活动衬垫和固定衬垫全膝关节置换治疗膝骨性关节炎的早期临床结果比较

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李子剑; 张克; Tae Kyun Kim

    2008-01-01

    BACKGROUND: Although mobile bearing knee prosthesis exhibits good movement and low wear rate in vitro studies,its clinical effect in vivo is still contraversial. OBJECTIVE: To compare and observe the range of motion and clinical outcomes of mobile bearing knee prosthesis and fixed bearing knee prothesis at least 1 year after operation. DESIGN,TIME AND SETTING: A randomized controlled observation. The experiment was performed at the Joint Reconstruction Center,Seoul National University Bundang Hospital,Seoul,Korea between November 2003 and July 2006. PARTICIPANTS: Four hundrend and eighty-eight patients (669 knees) with knee osteoarthritis undergoing total knee arthroplasty (TKA) were selected,of them 244 (341 knees) were treated with fixed bearing knee prothesis and 244 (328knees) with mobile bearing knee prosthesis.METHODS: The surgery was performed by the same physician (TK Kim). With patellar medial approach,the patella was not turned over,but dislocated laterally to expose the bone. Space measurer was used to expand and measure the Space. According to the measurements,soft tissues were released and balanced until the flexion gap was within 3-4 mm more than extension gap or 1-2 mm extension gap more than flexion gap. For varus knees,2-3 mm larger lateral gap was accepted. In all cases,the patella was resuffaced,and implant fixation was carried out with cement.MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES: Degrees of flexion contracture and maximum flexion angle were measured with a goniometer. The knee pain and functional status were evaluated by American Knee Society (AKS) scores,Patellofemoral scores,Western Ontario McMaster Universities Osteoarthritis Index scales (WOMAC) and SF-36 systems.RESULTS: There was no significant difference between two groups in terms of sex,age,body height,body mass and body mass index. No differences wre found in postoperative socres of Patellofemoral scores,WOMAC and SF-36systems (P>0.05). The mean AKS scores of fixed bearing knee prothesis group were

  7. A Novel Method of Evaluating Knee Joint Stability of Patients with Knee Osteoarthritis: Multiscale Entropy Analysis with A Knee-Aiming Task.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zhou, Diange; Zhang, Shijie; Zhang, Hui; Jiang, Long; Zhang, Jue; Fang, Jing

    2017-03-23

    Deteriorating knee stability is a local risk factor that reflects the occurrence and aggregative of osteoarthritis (OA). Despite the many biomechanics-based methods for assessing the structural stability of knee joints in clinics, these methods have many limitations. The stability of the knee joint relies on not only biomechanical factors, but also proprioception and the central nervous system. In this study, we attempt to depict the stability of knee joint from a holistic viewpoint, and a novel index of knee joint stability (IKJS) was thus extracted. We compared the differences of IKJS in 57 healthy volunteers and 55 patients with OA before and after total knee replacement (TKR). Analysis of Variance results demonstrated that there existed significant differences in IKJS among the three participating groups (knee OA increased remarkably after TKR (p knee-aiming task is feasible for quantitatively determining knee stability. It can provide a potentially valuable and convenient tool to evaluate the effect of postoperative rehabilitation for patients with knee OA.

  8. Analysis of the unicompartmental knee arthroplasty results

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    S. A. Firsov

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available In 2012-2014 total 67 unicompartmental arthroplasty surgeries with use of Oxford knee meniscal bearing were performed. The surgeries were performed by a single surgeon. Minimally invasive approach was used. All patients were evaluated clinically, radiographically and with Oxford Knee score scale, Knee Society score scale and functional scale. Obtained data was processed with nonparametric Mann-Whitney-Wilcoxon test. Results were processed using the statistical analysis application package SPSS, version 10.07. Analysis of of mid-term results showed that the average for Oxford Knee score increased from 16.4 (95% CI 9-23 to 41.3 (95% CI 29-47. Average for Knee Society score scale increased from 42.7 (95% CI 31-55 to 88.6 (95% CI 73-100. No occurrence of early postoperative complications have been reported. Statistically significant improvements of knee function in patients after unicompartmental arthroplasty have been observed. Unicompartmental arthroplasty currently can be considered as an advanced treatment option for medial knee joint pathology. Meniscal bearing cemented prostheses such as Oxford III are preferable.

  9. Phaeohyphomycosis infection in the knee

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    David Sadigursky

    2016-04-01

    Full Text Available Phaeohyphomycosis is caused by cutaneous fungi and rarely affects large joints. This is a case report on phaeohyphomycosis in the left knee of an elderly individual without immunosuppression. It was accompanied by pain and swelling the anterior knee. The case was first suspected to be suprapatellar bursitis, and was treated with nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs, without remission of symptoms. Surgical treatment was performed, with resection of the suprapatellar bursa and anterior region of the quadriceps tendon. The material was sent for anatomopathological examination and culturing. The pathological examination showed phaeohyphomycosis. The treatment instituted consisted of itraconazole, 200 mg/day for six weeks, and complete remission of symptoms was achieved. The physical examination remained normal after one year of follow-up. This is the first published case of phaeohyphomycosis infection in the suprapatellar region of the knee. Although almost all the cases reported have been associated with immunosuppressed patients, this was an exception. It is important to suspect phaeohyphomycosis in cases of knee infection, in the area of the suprapatellar bursa, when the symptoms do not resolve after clinical treatment.

  10. Three-dimensional dynamic analysis of knee joint during gait in medial knee osteoarthritis using loading axis of knee.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Nishino, Katsutoshi; Omori, Go; Koga, Yoshio; Kobayashi, Koichi; Sakamoto, Makoto; Tanabe, Yuji; Tanaka, Masaei; Arakawa, Masaaki

    2015-07-01

    We recently developed a new method for three-dimensional evaluation of mechanical factors affecting knee joint in order to help identify factors that contribute to the progression of knee osteoarthritis (KOA). This study aimed to verify the clinical validity of our method by evaluating knee joint dynamics during gait. Subjects were 41 individuals (14 normal knees; 8 mild KOAs; 19 severe KOAs). The positions of skin markers attached to the body were captured during gait, and bi-planar X-ray images of the lower extremities were obtained in standing position. The positional relationship between the markers and femorotibial bones was determined from the X-ray images. Combining this relationship with gait capture allowed for the estimation of relative movement between femorotibial bones. We also calculated the point of intersection of loading axis of knee on the tibial proximal surface (LAK point) to analyze knee joint dynamics. Knee flexion range in subjects with severe KOA during gait was significantly smaller than that in those with normal knees (p=0.011), and knee adduction in those with severe KOA was significantly larger than in those with mild KOA (p<0.000). LAK point was locally loaded on the medial compartment of the tibial surface as KOA progressed, with LAK point of subjects with severe KOA rapidly shifting medially during loading response. Local loading and medial shear force were applied to the tibial surface during stance phase as medial KOA progressed. Our findings suggest that our method is useful for the quantitative evaluation of mechanical factors that affect KOA progression.

  11. Cost effectiveness of total knee arthroplasty from a health care providers' perspective before and after introduction of an interdisciplinary clinical pathway - is investment always improvement?

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Krummenauer Frank

    2011-12-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background Total knee arthroplasty (TKA is an effective, but also cost-intensive health care intervention for end stage osteoarthritis. This investigation was designed to evaluate the cost-effectiveness of TKA before versus after introduction of an interdisciplinary clinical pathway from a University Orthopedic Surgery Department's cost perspective as an interdisciplinary full service health care provider. Methods A prospective trial recruited two sequential cohorts of 132 and 128 consecutive patients, who were interviewed by means of the WOMAC questionnaire. Direct process costs from the health care providers' perspective were estimated according to the German DRG calculation framework. The health economic evaluation was based on margiual cost-effectveness ratios (MCERs; an individual marginal cost effectiveness relation ≤ 100 € per % WOMAC index increase was considered as primary endpoint of the confirmatory cohort comparison. The interdisciplinary clinical pathway under consideration primarily consisted of a voluntary preoperative personal briefing of patients concerning postoperatively expectable progess in health status and optimum use of walking aids after surgery. All patients were supplied with written information on these topics, attendance of the personal briefing also included preoperative training for postoperative mobilisation by the Department's physiotherapeutic staff. Results An individual marginal cost effectiveness relation ≤ 100 €/% WOMAC index increase was found in 38% of the patients in the pre pathway implementation cohort versus in 30% of the post pathway implementation cohort (Fisher p = 0.278. Both cohorts showed substantial improvement in WOMAC scores (39 versus 35% in median, whereas the cohort did not differ significantly in the median WOMAC score before surgery (41% for the pre pathway cohort versus 44% for the post pathway cohort. Despite a locally significant decrease in costs (4303 versus 4194

  12. Symptomatic knee osteoarthritis treatment using autologous adipose derived stem cells and platelet-rich plasma: a clinical study

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Phuc Van Pham

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available Osteoarthritis is one of the most common diseases, and it affects 12% of the population around the world. Although the disease is chronic, it significantly reduces the patient's quality of life. At present, stem cell therapy is considered to be an efficient approach for treating this condition. Mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs show the most potential for stem cell therapy of osteoarthritis. In fact, MSCs can differentiate into certain mesodermal tissues such as cartilage and bone. Therefore, in the present study, we applied adipose tissue-derived MSCs to osteoarthritis treatment. This study aimed to evaluate the clinical efficiency of autologous adipose tissue-derived MSC transplantation in patients with confirmed osteoarthritis at grade II and III. Adipose tissue was isolated from the belly, and used for extraction of the stromal vascular fraction (SVF. The SVF was mixed with activated platelet- rich plasma before injection. The clinical efficiencies were evaluated by the pain score (VAS, Lysholm score, and MRI findings. We performed the procedure in 21 cases from 2012 to 2013. All 21 patients showed improved joint function after 8.5 months. The pain score decreased from 7.6+/-0.5 before injection to 3.5+/-0.7 at 3 months and 1.5+/-0.5 at 6 months after injection. The Lysholm score increased from 61+/-11 before injection to 82+/-8.1 after injection. Significant improvements were noted in MRI findings, with increased thickness of the cartilage layer. Moreover, there were no side-effects or complications related to microorganism infection, graft rejection, or tumorigenesis. These results provide a new opportunity for osteoarthritis treatment. Level of evidence: IV. [Biomed Res Ther 2014; 1(1.000: 02-08

  13. 国产T-Free假体行全膝关节表面置换临床疗效%Clinical efficacy of total knee arthroplasty with T-Free prosthesis made in China

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张京新; 王永会; 梁伟

    2016-01-01

    目的:评价应用国产T-Free假体行人工全膝关节表面置换术( TKA)的临床疗效。方法采用国产T-Free假体(后稳定固定平台型假体,PS型)行TKA治疗39例膝骨关节炎、类风湿关节炎患者(41膝)。按HSS评分标准进行膝关节疼痛、关节活动度、畸形三方面的评价。结果39例均获得随访,时间12~30个月。膝关节功能HSS评分术前为(39.1±8.5)分,术后12个月为(89.2±10.8)分,差异有统计学意义(P<0.05)。结论应用国产T-Free假体行TKA能纠正患者下肢屈曲、力线畸形,消除行走疼痛,减少伸膝受限,重建膝关节稳定性,具备高屈曲度功能,近期疗效显著。%Objective To evaluate the clinical effect of the application of domestic T-Free prosthesis in the treatment of total knee arthroplasty( TKA) . Methods A total of 39 patients with knee osteoarthritis and rheumatoid arthritis (41 knees) were treated with domestic spring T-Free prosthesis (posterior stable fixed platform prosthesis, type PS), knee joint pain, joint mobility and deformity were evaluated according to HSS score criterion. Results All 39 pa-tients were followed up for 12 ~30 months. The HSS score was ( 39. 1 ± 8. 5 ) points preoperatively and ( 89. 2 ± 10. 8) points in the 12th month postoperatively, and the difference was statistically significant (P<0. 05). Conclu-sions The application of domestic T-Free prosthesis for TKA can correct patients with lower limb flexion, lines of force deformity, eliminate walking pain, decrease in the extensor of knee joint, reconstruct the knee joint stability, with high bending curvature function, significant efficacy.

  14. 髌骨合理设计在全膝关节置换中的临床效果%Clinical effect of suitable patellar design in total knee arthroplasty

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    鲁木; 马子君; 史然利; 柏文昆; 周庆全; 张大海; 戴栋栋

    2016-01-01

    Objective To investigate the clinical effect of suitable patellar design in total knee arthroplasty(TKA). Methods Total 56 cases(72 knees) were received TKA with the patellar movement design based on the shape and the movement track of patellar, the range of motion and the feeling of pain of knee joint was observed. The Knee Soci-ety Rating System score ( KSS) was used to evaluate the TKA surgery effect. Results All 56 cases obtained follow-up time of ranging from 6 months to 18 months. Only one patient had the worse range of flexion motion within 70°,but the pain was reduced obviously;the other patients had improved the flexion and extension function and reduced the pain postoperatively. The range of flexion motion was within 0° ~110°, The KSS socres showed that 69 knees were excellent,2 knees good,1 fair,the excellent-good rate reached 98. 6%. Conclusions It can obtain satisfied thera-peutic effect by rebuilding the patellar movement based on the femur prosthesis track rather than doing patellar surface replacement during the TKA surgery.%目的:探讨髌骨合理设计后重塑在全膝关节置换( TKA)中的临床效果。方法根据股骨假体滑动轨迹及所需置换髌骨的形态,对56例TKA患者(72膝)术中进行髌骨合理设计并重塑,观察患者术后的关节活动度及疼痛情况,用KSS膝关节评分系统评定治疗效果。结果56例均获得随访,时间6~18个月。仅1例患者膝关节活动度70°,活动较差,但疼痛明显减轻;其余患者屈曲活动度在0°~110°。 KSS评分:优69膝,良2膝,中1膝,优良率达到98.6%。结论术中根据股骨假体滑动轨迹对髌骨合理设计并重塑,可以使未进行髌骨置换的TKA患者取得满意的治疗效果。

  15. Comparative study of clinical curative effect between unicompartment arthroplasty and total knee arthroplasty%单髁置换与全膝置换近期临床疗效对比

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    沈鹏; 周秉正; 白伦浩

    2015-01-01

    Objective To compare the short-term clinical curative effect of unicompartment knee arthroplasty (UKA) and total knee arthroplasty (TKA) for the treatment of osteoarthritis of knee joint. Methods From March 2014 to Jan-uary 2015, 75 patients with knee medial condyle unicompartmental osteoarthritis in Joint and Sports Medicine Ward, Shenjing Hopital of China Medical University were randomly assigned to TKA group and UKA group. There were 30 cases (32 knees) in the UKA group and 45 cases (50 knees) in the TKA group. The curative effect was evaluated by intraoper-ative hemorrhage, HSS score, operative time, and the volume of drainage. Results 3 months after operation, HSS score of TKA group was (78.69±3.55) scores, UKA group was (86.78±3.51) scores, (t=10.073, P0.05). The amount of bleed-ing of TKA group was (111.69±23.22) mL, and that of the UKA group was (61.97±9.15) mL, the difference was statisti-cally significant (t=11.527, P0.05)。术中出血量TKA组[(111.69±23.22)mL]与UKA组比较[(61.97±9.15)mL],差异有高度统计学意义(t=11.527,P<0.01),术后引流量为(291.71±48.49)mL,UKA组为(82.28±9.12)mL,差异有高度统计学意义(t=24.107,P<0.01)。结论 UKA的近期疗效优于TKA,UKA具有创伤小、截骨量少、出血少、患者耐受性好、保留膝关节本体感觉、术后恢复快等优点。

  16. Knee joint distraction compared to total knee arthroplasty for treatment of end stage osteoarthritis : Simulating long-term outcomes and cost-effectiveness

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Van Der Woude, J. A D; Nair, S. C.; Custers, R. J H; Van Laar, J. M.; Kuchuck, N. O.; Lafeber, F. P J G; Welsing, P. M J

    2016-01-01

    Objective: In end-stage knee osteoarthritis the treatment of choice is total knee arthroplasty (TKA). An alternative treatment is knee joint distraction (KJD), suggested to postpone TKA. Several studies reported significant and prolonged clinical improvement of KJD. To make an appropriate decision r

  17. Unusual lesions that distend the knee joint: pictorial essay*

    Science.gov (United States)

    de Lima, Luana T. Barros; de Albuquerque Filho, Eolo Santana; Batista, Laecio Leitão; de Moraes, Talita Peixoto; Pereira, Bruno Perez Guedes

    2016-01-01

    The high number of knee imaging exams at radiology clinics, together with the wide variety of knee disorders, calls for expanding the knowledge about the less common lesions seen in routine diagnostic practice. The purpose of this pictorial essay was to illustrate unusual lesions that distend the knee joint, selected by relevance and evaluated with multiple imaging modalities, including X-ray, computed tomography, and magnetic resonance imaging, as well as to perform a brief review of the literature. PMID:27818547

  18. Unusual lesions that distend the knee joint: pictorial essay

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Lima, Luana T. Barros de, E-mail: luanatbl@hotmail.com [Universidade Federal de Alagoas (HUPAA/UFAL), Maceio (Brazil). Hospital Universitario; Albuquerque Filho, Eolo Santana de; Batista, Laecio Leitao [Universidade Federal de Pernambuco (UFPE), Recife (Brazil). Hospital das Clinicas; Moraes, Talita Peixoto de [Clinica Derbimagem, Recife, PE (Brazil); Pereira, Bruno Perez Guedes [Instituto de Medicina Integral Professor Fernando Figueira (IMIP), Recife, PE (Brazil)

    2016-09-15

    The high number of knee imaging exams at radiology clinics, together with the wide variety of knee disorders, calls for expanding the knowledge about the less common lesions seen in routine diagnostic practice. The purpose of this pictorial essay was to illustrate unusual lesions that distend the knee joint, selected by relevance and evaluated with multiple imaging modalities, including X-ray, computed tomography, and magnetic resonance imaging, as well as to perform a brief review of the literature. (author)

  19. MRI of the hyaline knee joint cartilage. Animal experimental and clinical studies; MRT des hyalinen Kniegelenkknorpels. Tierexperimentelle und klinische Untersuchungen

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Adam, G. [Technische Hochschule Aachen (Germany). Klinik fuer Radiologische Diagnostik; Prescher, A. [Technische Hochschule Aachen (Germany). Inst. fuer Anatomie; Nolte-Ernsting, C. [Technische Hochschule Aachen (Germany). Klinik fuer Radiologische Diagnostik; Buehne, M. [Technische Hochschule Aachen (Germany). Klinik fuer Radiologische Diagnostik; Scherer, K. [Technische Hochschule Aachen (Germany). Inst. fuer Versuchstierkunde; Kuepper, W. [Technische Hochschule Aachen (Germany). Inst. fuer Versuchstierkunde; Guenther, R.W. [Technische Hochschule Aachen (Germany). Klinik fuer Radiologische Diagnostik

    1994-02-01

    The value of MR imaging for the detection of hyaline cartilage lesions using 2-D spin-echo and 3-D gradient-echo imaging was evaluated in an animal experiment in 10 dogs and in a clinical study in 30 patients. MR imaging findings were compared with histopathological and arthroscopy findings, respectively. Using MRI neither grade I nor grade II hyaline cartilage lesions were detectable. In the animal experiments 77% of grade III lesions and all the grade IV lesions were seen. However, in the clinical study only about the half of grade III and IV lesions were detected. 3-D gradient-echo MR imaging was superior to 2-D spin-echo imaging (p<0.001), while 3-D FLASH and 3-D FISP did not differ significantly in the detection rate (p<0.34). 3-D gradient-echo MR imaging seems to be the best method for the delineation of high grade cartilage lesions. However, early stages of cartilage degeneration are invisible even with this imaging modality. (orig.) [Deutsch] Die Wertigkeit der MRT in der Erfassung von Knorpellaesionen mit 2-D-Spin-Echo- und 3-D-Grafienten-Echo-Sequenzen wurde in einer tierexperimentellen Untersuchung an 10 Hunden sowie in einer klinischen Studie an 30 Patienten ueberprueft. Die kernspintomographischen Ergebnisse wurden mit dem pathologisch-anatomischen Befund bzw. der Arthroskopie verglichen. MR-tomographisch konnten weder Grad-I- noch Grad-II-Knorpellaesionen erfasst werden. Die Erkennbarkeitsrate der Grad-III- und -IV-Laesionen lag fuer die tierexperimentellen Untersuchungen bei 77 bzw. 100%, waehrend klinisch nur etwa 50% dieser Veraenderungen erkannt werden konnten. Dabei waren die 3-D-Gradienten-Echo-Sequenzen den 2-D-Spin-Echo-Sequenzen signifikant ueberlegen (p<0,001), waehrend sich die 3-D-Gradienten-Echo-Sequenzen FISP und FLASH nicht voneinander unterschieden (p<0,34). Derzeit muessen die 3-D-Gradienten-Echo-Sequenzen als die beste Methode zur Erfassung hoehergradiger Knorpellaesionen angesehen werden. Fruehe Stadien der Knorpelschaedigung sind

  20. 全膝关节置换后早期疗效:3种假体的比较%Early clinical efficacy in total knee arthroplasty:comparison of three types of prosthesis

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张忠; 张海森; 张冰; 张英泽; 吕龙; 马世云; 王怀良

    2014-01-01

    BACKGROUND:The choice of prosthesis in total knee arthroplasty is stil controversial. OBJECTIVE:To observe the early clinical efficacy of conventional fixation platform, rotation mobile platform and high-flexion prosthesis in total knee arthroplasty. METHODS:The clinical data were analyzed retrospectively from patients undergoing primary total knee arthroplasty for osteoarthritis between January 2006 and December 2009. The KSS score, SF-36 score and maximal range of knee flexion in three groups were recorded at preoperative moment, postoperative 3, 6, 12 months and after 1 year. RESULTS AND CONCLUSION:Al the involved patients were fol owed up. Compared with preoperative data, postoperative KSS score, SF-36 score and maximal range of knee flexion were significantly improved after arthroplasty (P0.05). These three kinds of prostheses showed good and excellent clinical efficacy for osteoarthritis, the patients were satisfied, and maximal range of knee flexion was improved. But there is no significant difference on early clinical efficacy, subjective satisfaction of patients and maximal range of knee flexion among the three kinds of prosthesis.%背景:全膝关节置换中选择何种假体目前仍存在争议。  目的:探讨传统固定平台、旋转移动平台以及高屈曲衬垫膝关节假体置换后的早期疗效。  方法:回顾分析2006年1月至2009年12月间接受以上3种假体进行初次人工全膝关节置换的重度骨关节炎患者的资料,比较3组患者置换前及置换后3个月、6个月、1年以及1年以后的KSS评分,SF-36健康调查量表评分以及最大膝关节屈曲度。  结果与结论:所有例患者均获随访。3组患者全膝关节置换后的KSS评分、SF-36量表评分以及最大膝关节屈曲度较置换前明显改善(P0.05)。提示,3种假体对于中晚期膝关节炎患者的早期治疗效果优良,患者满意度佳,可以在一定程度上改善膝

  1. Clinical Analysis of 16 cases of Artificial Knee Joint Arthroplasty%人工膝关节表面置换术16例临床分析

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    吴双宝

    2014-01-01

    目的:介绍膝关节表面置换治疗膝关节炎的方法,探讨其疗效.方法:我院自2009年10月~2013年8月,对16例患者22个膝关节施行膝关节表面置换术.结果:随访资料完备,随访5~18个月,平均10.7个月,膝关节(HSS)评分,均增加到80分以上;膝关节活动范围(ROM)增加至90°以上.术中1例发生早期并发症.结论:人工膝关节表面置换术(TEA)可有效缓解关节疼痛,改善膝关节活动度,并矫正膝关节畸形,是治疗终末期膝关节疾病的有效方法,可以在基层医院推广应用.%Objective:To introduce the method of total knee arthroplasty(TEA)in the treatment of knee osteoarthritis, and to investigate its efficacy. Methods:From October 2009 to August 2013, 16 patients(22 knees)were treated with total knee arthroplasty. Results:The follow-up data was complete and the follow-up period was 5 to 18 months with an average of 10.7 months. The patients’hospital for special surgery(HSS)score was increased to 80 points or more;range of motion(ROM)of knee joint increased to 90° or more. Early complications occurred in 1 case. Conclusion:TEA can effectively relieve joint pain, improve knee joint ROM, and correct the knee joint deformity, so it is an effec-tive method for the treatment of end-stage knee joint disease, and it is can be generalized in the primary hospital.

  2. Knee bone tumors: findings on conventional radiology*

    Science.gov (United States)

    Andrade Neto, Francisco; Teixeira, Manuel Joaquim Diógenes; Araújo, Leonardo Heráclio do Carmo; Ponte, Carlos Eduardo Barbosa

    2016-01-01

    The knee is a common site for bone tumors, whether clinically painful or not. Conventional radiology has been established as the first line of investigation in patients with knee pain and can reveal lesions that often generate questions not only for the generalist physician but also for the radiologist or general orthopedist. History, image examination, and histopathological analysis compose the essential tripod of the diagnosis of bone tumors, and conventional radiology is an essential diagnostic tool in patients with knee pain. This pictorial essay proposes to depict the main conventional radiography findings of the most common bone tumors around the knee, including benign and malignant tumors, as well as pseudo-tumors. PMID:27403019

  3. Knee tuberculosis masquerading as pigmented villonodular synovitis

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sanjay Meena

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available Tuberculosis (TB, once a disease confined to undeveloped or developing nations is currently in resurgence, which is attributable to pandemic human immunodeficiency virus (HIV infection and immigration from endemic areas. Tuberculous arthritis is difficult to diagnose early because of its atypical insidious clinical manifestations and nonspecific imaging findings. TB is also known as the ′great mimicker′. Specifically, monoarticular tuberculosis of the knee may mimic pigmented villonodular synovitis (PVNS. The present report describes a young patient with tuberculous arthritis of knee joint. Accurate diagnosis and appropriate management was delayed due to magnetic resonance imaging (MRI findings, such as, hemosiderin deposits and a nodular mass around the knee joint, suggestive of a diffuse type of PVNS. Our findings suggest that the first step in the diagnosis of tuberculous knee arthritis is to have a high index of suspicion.

  4. The Clinical Effects of Older Persons in Total Knee Arthroplasty Resurfacing Analysis%老年人全膝关节置换术中髌骨置换的临床效果分析

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    罗亚刚

    2015-01-01

    目的:分析老年人全膝关节置换术中髌骨置换的临床效果。方法将80例老年膝骨关节炎患者随机分为观察组和对照组,两组均接受全膝关节置换术治疗,在此基础上,观察组采用髌骨置换治疗,对照组采用髌骨成形治疗,对比两组治疗效果和并发症发生率。结果观察组的治疗总有效率为90.00%,高于对照组的72.50%,且差异具有统计学意义,P <0.05。结论给予老年膝骨关节炎患者髌骨置换治疗效果显著,能有效提高治疗总有效率,且安全可靠。%Objective To analyze the elderly in total knee arthroplasty resurfacing clinical results.Methods 80 elderly patients with knee osteoarthritis were randomly divided into observation group and control group, they were treated with total knee arthroplasty, on this basis, resurfacing treatment observation group and the control group patela forming treatment, compared to two outcomes and complication rates.Results The total effective rate of observation group 90.00%, higher than the 72.50%, and quite different,P < 0.05.Conclusion Give elderly patients with osteoarthritis of the knee patela displacement significant treatment effect, can effectively improve the overal efficiency of the treatment is safe and reliable, worthy of promotion.

  5. A comparison of the biomechanical effects of valgus knee braces and lateral wedged insoles in patients with knee osteoarthritis.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Jones, Richard K; Nester, Christopher J; Richards, Jim D; Kim, Winston Y; Johnson, David S; Jari, Sanjiv; Laxton, Philip; Tyson, Sarah F

    2013-03-01

    Increases in the external knee adduction moment (EKAM) have been associated with increased mechanical load at the knee and progression of knee osteoarthritis. Valgus knee braces and lateral wedged insoles are common approaches to reducing this loading; however no study has directly compared the biomechanical and clinical effects of these two treatments in patients with medial tibiofemoral osteoarthritis. A cross-over randomised design was used where each intervention was worn by 28 patients for a two week period. Pre- and post-intervention gait kinematic/kinetic data and clinical outcomes were collected to evaluate the biomechanical and clinical effects on the knee joint. The valgus knee brace and the lateral wedged insole significantly increased walking speed, reduced the early stance EKAM by 7% and 12%, and the knee adduction angular impulse by 8.6 and 16.1% respectively. The lateral wedged insole significantly reduced the early stance EKAM compared to the valgus knee brace (p=0.001). The valgus knee brace significantly reduced the knee varus angle compared to the baseline and lateral wedged insole. Improvements in pain and function subscales were comparable for the valgus knee brace and lateral wedged insole. There were no significant differences between the two treatments in any of the clinical outcomes; however the lateral wedged insoles demonstrated greater levels of acceptance by patients. This is the first study to biomechanically compare these two treatments, and demonstrates that given the potential role of knee loading in osteoarthritis progression, that both treatments reduce this but lateral wedge insoles appear to have a greater effect.

  6. A biomechanical perspective on physical therapy management of knee osteoarthritis.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Farrokhi, Shawn; Voycheck, Carrie A; Tashman, Scott; Fitzgerald, G Kelley

    2013-09-01

    Altered knee joint biomechanics and excessive joint loading have long been considered as important contributors to the development and progression of knee osteoarthritis. Therefore, a better understanding of how various treatment options influence the loading environment of the knee joint could have practical implications for devising more effective physical therapy management strategies. The aim of this clinical commentary was to review the pertinent biomechanical evidence supporting the use of treatment options intended to provide protection against excessive joint loading while offering symptomatic relief and functional improvements for better long-term management of patients with knee osteoarthritis. The biomechanical and clinical evidence regarding the effectiveness of knee joint offloading strategies, including contralateral cane use, laterally wedged shoe insoles, variable-stiffness shoes, valgus knee bracing, and gait-modification strategies, within the context of effective disease management is discussed. In addition, the potential role of therapeutic exercise and neuromuscular training to improve the mechanical environment of the knee joint is considered. Management strategies for treatment of joint instability and patellofemoral compartment disease are also mentioned. Based on the evidence presented as part of this clinical commentary, it is argued that special considerations for the role of knee joint biomechanics and excessive joint loading are necessary in designing effective short- and long-term management strategies for treatment of patients with knee osteoarthritis. Therapy, level 5.

  7. 临床护理干预在玻璃酸钠膝关节腔注射治疗膝骨关节炎中的应用效果观察%Clinical Nursing Intervention in Knee Joint Cavity Injection of Sodium Hyaluronate in the Treatment of Knee Osteoarthritis Application Effect Observation

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    孔尧

    2016-01-01

    Objective To investigate the clinical application effect of nursing intervention in knee joint cavity injection of sodium hyaluronate treatment of knee osteoarthritis. Methods A hospital in March 2015 -February 2016 were treat-ed 94 cases of knee joint injection of sodium hyaluronate treatment of knee osteoarthritis patients as research subjects, the patients' informed consent was taken by clinicians isometric random sampling points for the intervention group and the control group, two groups of 47 cases. The implementation of the control group given routine nursing, clinical nurs-ing intervention group to implement interventions on the basis of the control group. Results Patients in the intervention group after the intervention of VAS score was (2.57±1.04), knee function score was (3.51±1.36), in the control group after intervention VAS score was (5.32 ± 2.28), knee function score was (6.58±2.68), two groups of patients in VAS ratings and knee function score contrasting the difference was significant (P<0.05). Very satisfied with the number of cases in the intervention group was 41 cases, accounting for 87.23%, of the total number of cases to 49 cases of satis-faction, accounting for 97.87%, very satisfied with the number of cases in the control group of 29 cases, accounting for 61.71%, of the total number of cases to 33 cases of satisfaction , accounting for 70.21%, of which the difference in the total number of cases of satisfaction was statistically significant (P<0.05). Conclusion The implementation of clinical nursing intervention in the knee joint cavity injection of sodium hyaluronate in knee osteoarthritis treatment, can effec-tively improve knee function in patients, reduce patient pain while improving the quality of life of patients with certain clinical value.%目的:探讨临床护理干预在玻璃酸钠膝关节腔注射治疗膝骨关节炎中的应用效果。方法选取该院2015年3月―2016年2月收治的94例玻璃酸钠膝关节腔

  8. 国产人工膝关节假体治疗膝骨关节炎的中长期随访%Over ten-year clinical result of domestic TC-Dynamic posterior stabilized knee prosthesis in total knee arthroplasty

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    孙振杰; 刘瑞波; 袁一

    2015-01-01

    Background:Total knee prosthesis made by Europe and America is popular in China now, but it is very expensive and not fit for the anatomic structure of Chinese. Objective:To evaluate long-term clinical outcome and survival of TC-Dynamic domestic prosthesis in total knee arthroplas-ty (TKA) for OA, and to assess influencing factors of prosthesis survival rate and knee function. Methods: From March 2002 to February 2005, 84 patients (91 knees) underwent TKA. Eventially, 71 patients (75 knees) were followed up. TC-Dynamic domestic prosthesis was used in 35 patients (37 knees) and Scorpio single Axis prosthesis (Stryker, USA) was used in 36 patients (38 knees). In TC-Dynamic group, there were 6 males (6 knees) and 29 females (31 knees) with an average age of (77.1 ± 6.6) years. In Scorpio group, there were 6 males (7 knees) and 30 females (31 knees) with an average age of (76.2 ± 6.1) years. The KSS scores, joint function and range of motion (ROM) were evaluated be-tween the two groups at 6 months after operation ,as well was at the last follow-up. Results:The average duration of follow-up was (10.8±1.5) years (range, 10.1-13.0 years) in the 71 patients. There were no significant differences in the KSS scores, joint function or ROM between two groups at the last follow-up (P>0.05). The rate of lateral retinacular release in TC-Dynamic group was 5.4%(2/37) and 18.4%(7/38) in Scorpio group (P<0.05). No more than 2 mm X-ray radiolucent line was found in both groups. The line of force of lower limbs and the position of the prosthesis were satisfactory. No infection or dislocation occurred during follow up. Conclusions:Long-term clinical outcome of TKA is good when domestic posterior stabilized prosthesis is implanted. It is more suitable for Chinese patients because of low price and appropriating anatomy.%背景:目前国内使用的人工膝关节假体主要为欧美生产,费用昂贵且不符合国人的膝关节解剖数据。国产TC.Dynamic后稳定型人工

  9. 膝骨关节炎关节镜术后康复治疗的临床效果评价%Evaluation of the clinical effect of rehabilitation treatment after knee osteoarthritis arthroscopic surgery

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    谢卫娜; 谢川

    2016-01-01

    Objective:To evaluate the clinical effect of rehabilitation treatment after knee osteoarthritis arthroscopic surgery. Methods:98 patients with knee osteoarthritis were selected.They were divided into the control group and the observation group with 49 cases in each.The control group was given simple drug treatment.The observation group was given rehabilitation training and physiotherapy on the basis of the control group.Before treatment,2 months,4 months and 6 months after treatment,the knee joint functions and treatment effects of two groups were compared.Results:The knee joint function recovery of the observation group was significantly better than that of the control group.The total treatment rate of the observation group was significantly higher than that of the control group.Conclusion:The rehabilitation treatment after knee osteoarthritis arthroscopic surgery has a good clinical effect.%目的:评价膝骨关节炎关节镜术后康复治疗的临床效果。方法:收治膝骨关节炎患者98例,分成对照组和观察组各49例,对照组给予单纯药物治疗,观察组在对照组的基础上给予康复训练和物理治疗,对比两组患者在治疗前、治疗后的2个月、4个月、6个月膝关节的功能以及治疗效果。结果:观察组膝关节功能恢复情况明显优于对照组,观察组总治疗率明显高于对照组。结论:膝骨关节炎关节镜术后康复治疗具有较好的临床效果。

  10. Scintigraphic investigations of changes in the patella following endoprosthetic replacement of the knee joint

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Hagena, F.W.; Hofmann, G.O.; Jaensch, A.

    1985-04-01

    A clinical and X-ray review of 118 GSB-Knee-Protheses without resurfacing the patella - mean time follow-up 4 years - was performed in 50 knees of these an additional quantifying bone-scan with sup(99m)Tc-MDP ('ROI-method') indicated new aspects of the pathomechanics of the patella after knee replacement. Comparing 42 healthy knee joints and 82 knees with osteoarthrosis principles for early diagnosis of patellar changes could be set up. According to these findings the quantifying scans show the development of dystrophic patellar changes after knee replacement.

  11. Clinical studies of the effect of anti - osteoporosis treatment in patients with knee osteoarthritis after total knee arthroplasty%膝关节骨性关节炎患者抗骨质疏松治疗对全膝关节置换术后效果影响的临床研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    古东海; 张妍; 李洁凌; 胡霞

    2016-01-01

    目的:探讨抗骨质疏松治疗对膝关节骨性关节炎患者全膝关节置换术后的临床效果的影响。方法选取2011年2月至2014年4月行单侧全膝关节置换术的37例膝关节骨性关节炎患者,根据术前术后有无进行系统抗骨质疏松治疗分为 A 组(抗骨质疏松治疗组)和 B 组(对照组);对两组患者的术前、术后视觉模拟(VAS)评分、骨密度和膝关节 HSS 评分进行比较分析。结果两组患者术后 VAS 评分较入院时均明显下降,但 A 组在术后、术后6个月及末次随访时 VAS 评分均较 B 组更低( P <0.05或 P <0.01);A 组患者术后6个月及末次随访时骨密度较 B 组明显增高( P <0.01);A 组患者术后6个月及末次随访时膝关节 HSS 评分较 B 组更优( P <0.05)。结论对预行全膝关节置换术的膝关节骨性关节炎患者行术前术后系统抗骨质疏松治疗可明显减轻患者术后疼痛,增加患者的骨密度,防止骨质疏松加重,更益于患者术后早期活动及膝关节功能恢复,是一种有效、安全且必要的治疗。%Objecfive To evaluate the clinical efficacy of anti - osteoporosis treatment in treatment of the patients with osteoarthritis of the knee total knee replacement surgery. Methods 37 cases of patients underwent unilateral total knee arthroplasty with knee osteoarthritis from Feb-ruary 2011 to April 2014 were selected in our therapy group. According to the presence or absence of preoperative and postoperative anti - osteopo-rosis treatment,they were divided into group A(anti - osteoporosis treatment group)and group B(control group). Preoperative and postoperative visual analog(VAS)score,bone density and HSS scores between the two groups were compared. Results The postoperative VAS scores were significantly lower when compared with admission,but group A postoperatively,after 6 months and last follow - up VAS scores were lower than group B( P < 0. 05 or P

  12. Does proximal femoral varus osteotomy in Legg-Calvé-Perthes disease predispose to angular mal-alignment of the knee? A clinical and radiographic study at skeletal maturity.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Tercier, Stéphane; Shah, Hitesh; Siddesh, N D; Joseph, Benjamin

    2013-06-01

    Though there is an impression that proximal femoral varus osteotomy (FVO) can result in a valgus deformity at the knee there is no agreement on this issue. This study was undertaken to ascertain whether a FVO predisposes to the development of genu valgum in children with Legg-Calvé-Perthes disease (LCPD). One hundred and one children with unilateral LCPD who underwent a FVO during the active stage of the disease and 32 children who were treated non-operatively were followed till skeletal maturity. The FVO was performed with a 20° varus angulation in all the patients and weight-bearing was not permitted till the stage of reconstitution. The alignment of the knee was assessed clinically at skeletal maturity. A subset of 33 operated children also had full length standing radiographs of the limbs. The mechanical axis deviation, femur-tibial angle, lateral distal femoral angle and the medial proximal tibial angle of both limbs were measured on these radiographs. The frequency of clinically appreciable mal-alignment of the knee was not greater on the affected side in patients who had undergone FVO when compared to the unaffected limb and also when compared to the affected limb in non-operated patients. The mechanical axis of the lower limb of operated children was relatively in more valgus than that of normal limbs but they fell within the normal range. This study does not support the impression that a proximal femoral osteotomy for LCPD predisposes to clinically discernable degrees of genu valgum in children who have had 20° of varus angulation at the osteotomy site and who have avoided weight-bearing for a prolonged period following surgery. Further studies are needed to clarify if genu valgum would develop if early post-operative weight-bearing is permitted. III.

  13. Imaging of knee arthroplasty

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Miller, Theodore T. [Department of Radiology, North Shore University Hospital, 825 Northern Blvd., Great Neck, NY 11021 (United States)]. E-mail: TMiller@NSHS.edu

    2005-05-01

    Knee replacement surgery, either with unicompartmental or total systems, is common. The purpose of this manuscript is to review the appearance of normal knee arthroplasty and the appearances of complications such as infection, polyethylene wear, aseptic loosening and particle-induced osteolysis, patellofemoral abnormalities, axial instability, and periprosthetic and component fracture. Knowledge of the potential complications and their imaging appearances will help the radiologist in the diagnostic evaluation of the patient with a painful knee arthroplasty.

  14. The Analgesic Effects of Morphine and Tramadol Added to Intra-articular Levobupivacaine-Tenoxicam Combination for Arthroscopic Knee Surgery on Postoperative Pain; a Randomized Clinical Trial.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Oral, Ebru Gelici; Hanci, Ayse; Ulufer Sivrikaya, Gulcihan; Dobrucali, Hale; Turkoglu Kilinc, Leyla

    2015-06-01

    Arthroscopic knee surgery is commonly performed as an outpatient procedure and is often associated with postoperative pain. We aimed to compare the effects of intra-articular levobupivacaine-tenoxicam-tramadol and levobupivacaine-tenoxicam-morphine combinations on postoperative pain in patients undergoing elective arthroscopic knee surgery. A total of 90 ASA I-II patients undergoing elective arthroscopic meniscectomy under general anesthesia were enrolled. The participants were randomly allocated to three groups to receive the following intra-articular medications after completion of the surgery and before deflation of the tourniquet: Group S, 20 mL of saline; Group T, 35 mg of levobupivacaine, 20 mg of tenoxicam, and 100 mg of tramadol in 20 mL saline; and Group M, 35 mg of levobupivacaine, 20 mg of tenoxicam, and 4 mg of morphine in 20 mL saline. Visual analogue scale values at rest (VASr) and at active flexion of knee (VASa) at postoperation hours 1, 2, 4, 8, 12, and 24, duration of analgesia, total analgesic consumption, and number of rescue analgesia at 24 hours were evaluated. VASr and VASa were significantly higher in group S in comparison to other groups (P Intra-articular levobupivacaine-tenoxicam-morphine combination provides effective pain relief, longer analgesic duration, and less analgesic requirement when compared with intra-articular levobupivacaine-tenoxicam-tramadol combination and saline after knee arthroscopic surgery.

  15. Patient-reported health outcomes after total hip and knee surgery in a Dutch University Hospital Setting: results of twenty years clinical registry

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Wees, P.J. van der; Wammes, J.J.G.; Akkermans, R.P.; Koetsenruijter, J.; Westert, G.P.; Kampen, A. van; Hannink, G.J.; Waal Malefijt, M.C. de; Schreurs, B.W.

    2017-01-01

    BACKGROUND: Patient-Reported Outcome (PRO) measurement is a method for measuring perceptions of patients on their health and quality of life. The aim of this paper is to present the results of PRO measurements in total hip and knee replacement as routinely collected during 20 years of surgery in a

  16. Clinical application of minimally invasive total knee arthroplasty%微创膝关节置换的临床应用现状

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    高英健; 王伟力

    2013-01-01

    背景:随着微创技术和计算机导航辅助技术的不断进步,从理论上和实践上都具有强大的吸引力和发展前景,但在膝关节置换的应用和疗效方面仍然存在争议和误区。  目的:就微创膝关节置换的定义、适应证、禁忌证和并发症以及置换后的利与弊、计算机辅助技术的应用进行了客观的综述与评价。  方法:应用计算机检索 CNKI 和 PubMed 数据库中2003至2013年关于微创膝关节置换的文章,在标题/中以“微创膝关节置换,小切口膝关节置换,计算机导航膝关节置换,计算机辅助膝关节置换”或“minimal y invasive total knee arthroplasty,minimal incision total knee arthroplasty,navigated total knee arthroplasty”为检索词进行检索,纳入与微创膝关节置换治疗及在计算机辅助下施行置换的相关文献,排除陈旧与重复性文献,最终纳入符合标准44篇进行总结分析。  结果与结论:膝关节疾病严重影响了患者的生活品质,微创膝关节置换是近十年发展出的新技术,给患者提供了新的选择,各项研究显示它可以令患者置换后疼痛减轻、住院花费减少、置换后康复更快等优点,尤其是计算机导航下的全膝关节置换还可以令置换后的力线更加精确,但是根据国内外文献报道,目前问题仍然较多,最突出的是假体寿命和翻修年限,这是对患者的致命打击,但微创化始终是骨科手术的发展方向。%BACKGROUND:With the continuous development of minimal y invasive techniques and computer navigation assistive technology, they have powerful attraction and development prospects in theory and practice. But there are controversies and misunderstandings in the application and efficacy of total knee arthroplasty. OBJECTIVE:To summarize and evaluate the definition indications, contraindications and complications of minimal y invasive total knee

  17. Retention of the posterior cruciate ligament versus the posterior stabilized design in total knee arthroplasty : a prospective randomized controlled clinical trial

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    van den Boom, L.G.H.; Brouwer, R.W.; van den Akker-Scheek, I.; Bulstra, S.K.; van Raaij, J.J.A.M.

    2009-01-01

    Background: Prosthetic design for the use in primary total knee arthroplasty has evolved into designs that preserve the posterior cruciate ligament (PCL) and those in which the ligament is routinely sacrificed (posterior stabilized). In patients with a functional PCL the decision which design is cho

  18. Do we need a gender-specific total knee replacement?

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Thomsen, Morten Grove; Husted, H; Bencke, J

    2012-01-01

    of 24 female patients with bilateral osteoarthritis entered this prospective, blind randomised trial in which they received a high-flex PS TKR in one knee and a gender-specific high-flexion PS TKR in the other knee. At follow-up, patients were assessed clinically measuring ROM, and questioned about pain......, satisfaction and daily 'feel' of each knee. Patients underwent gait analysis pre-operatively and at one year, which yielded kinematic, kinetic and temporospatial parameters indicative of knee function during gait. At final follow-up we found no statistically significant differences in ROM (p = 0...

  19. Total knee arthroplasty in patients with a previous patellectomy.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Maslow, Jed; Zuckerman, Joseph D; Immerman, Igor

    2013-01-01

    Post-patellectomy patients represent a specific subgroup of patients that may develop arthritis and persistent knee pain and potentially require treatment with total knee arthroplasty. This article reviews the treatment and functional outcomes following total knee arthroplasty in patients with prior patellectomy. A case report is presented as an example of the clinical management of a post-patellectomy patient with significant knee pain and disability treated with total knee arthroplasty. Emphasis will be placed in decision- making, specifically with the use of a posterior stabilized implant. In addition, postoperative strengthening of the quadriceps is essential to compensate for the lack of the patella and increase the success of total knee arthroplasty in this subgroup of patients.

  20. Is knee pain during adolescence a self-limiting condition?

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Rathleff, Michael S.; Rathleff, Camilla R.; Olesen, Jens L.

    2016-01-01

    BACKGROUND: The prevalence of adolescent knee pain is 33%, and patellofemoral pain (PFP) is the most common diagnosis with a nontraumatic onset. The 2-year prognosis of adolescent PFP compared with other types of knee pain is unknown. PURPOSE: To investigate the 2-year prognosis of knee pain among...... adolescents with and without a diagnosis of PFP. STUDY DESIGN: Cohort study; Level of evidence, 2. METHODS: In 2011, a cohort of 2200 adolescents aged 15 to 19 years answered an online questionnaire on musculoskeletal pain. Of these, 504 reported knee pain, and 153 of these were clinically diagnosed with PFP....... After 2 years, the 504 adolescents, as well as 252 randomly selected adolescents who did not report knee pain in 2011, were contacted again. Primary outcome at follow-up was the proportion of adolescents with knee pain during the last week prior to follow-up. RESULTS: Overall, 55.9% (95% CI, 50...

  1. Effect of Weekly Alendronate on Knee Symptoms in Patients with Osteoporosis and Knee Osteoarthritis Coexistence - Original Investigation

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Levent Ediz

    2010-04-01

    Full Text Available Aim: The aim of this study was to examine the effect of alendronate 70 mg weekly on knee symptoms in elderly women with osteoporosis and knee OA coexistence. Material and Methods: Elderly women who diagnosed as osteoporosis between 60-75 years old, underwent radiography of the knee if they reported symptoms of knee OA. Radiographs were read for Kellgren and Lawrence grade and individual features of OA. Osteoporotic patients with Knee OA treated with 70 mg alendronate once weekly for one year. Knee symptoms were assessed by interview before the treatment and 6 and 12 months after the treatment, and knee pain severity was evaluated using the Western Ontario and McMaster Universities Osteoarthritis Index (WOMAC, Lequense index, VAS at rest and at movement. Results: Alendronate 70 mg once weekly use was associated with less severity of knee pain as assessed by WOMAC scores, Lequense index, VAS at rest and at movement at 6th and 12th month assessments. Conclusion: This current study has shown that Alendronate 70 mg once weekly use was associated with less severity of knee symptoms in elderly women with osteoporosis and knee OA coexistence. Additional long-term randomised, placebo controlled clinical trials are needed to confirm this effect of weekly Alendronate. (From the World of Osteoporosis 2010;16:17-21

  2. 数字化快速成型技术在全膝关节置换术中应用%Clinical application of digital rapid prototyping technology on total knee replacement surgery

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张鹰; 杨宇; 刘大鹏; 杨晶; 倪鹏辉

    2016-01-01

    Objective To explore the feasibility and clinical efficacy of digital rapid prototyping technology in total knee replacement ( TKA) surgery. Methods One case of patient with knee osteoarthritis was selected in this study. DICOM data of the affected knee was obtained via 3D reconstruction,then the data and image were processed via Mimics 15. 0 and Unigraphics NX 9. 0,to establish the nav-igation template of digital model of knee. After that,rapid prototyping technology was performed to produce the navigation template,and osteotomy was carried out when the affected knee was affixed with the template as designed. Results The TKA surgery was success-ful,in which operation time was 115 minutes and intraoperative bleeding was 450 ml. Postoperative X-ray image showed that knee pros-thesis was in position with wider joint space,and eversion of the knee was inversed. HSS score was 89. 6 at 2 weeks postoperative-ly. Conclusion Navigation template is a feasible approach for arthroplasty assisted with rapid prototyping technology,with such ad-vantages as less operation time,individual treatment,high precision and minimally invasive. It has definite clinical effect.%目的:探究数字化快速成型技术在全膝关节置换术( TKA)中应用的可行性及临床疗效。方法选择1例需行TKA的骨性关节炎患者,通过三维重建得到患者膝关节的DICOM格式数据;借助于医学影像控制系统Mimics 15.0和三维工程设计软件Unigraphics NX 9.0进行计算分析、图像处理等操作,建立与患者股骨髁和胫骨平台三维互补的膝关节截骨导向板的数字模型;然后,依靠快速成型技术打印制作的截骨导向板实物模型,通过截骨导航模板与膝关节紧密贴合,按照预先设计的截骨通道进行膝关节截骨。结果患者截骨操作顺利,TKA手术时间115 min,术中出血约450 ml;术后X线影像显示,膝关节假体在位正常,关节间隙变宽,膝关节外翻畸形完全矫正;术后2

  3. Intravenous vs Oral Acetaminophen as an Adjunct to Multimodal Analgesia After Total Knee Arthroplasty: A Prospective, Randomized, Double-Blind Clinical Trial.

    Science.gov (United States)

    O'Neal, Jason B; Freiberg, Andrew A; Yelle, Marc D; Jiang, Yandong; Zhang, Chengwei; Gu, Yin; Kong, Xiangyi; Jian, Wenling; O'Neal, Wesley T; Wang, Jingping

    2017-05-18

    The efficacy of intravenous (IV) acetaminophen compared with its oral formulation for postoperative analgesia is unknown. We hypothesized that the addition of acetaminophen to a multimodal analgesia regimen would provide improved pain management in patients after total knee arthroplasty (TKA) and that the effect of acetaminophen would be variable based on the route of delivery. The study was a single-center, randomized, double-blinded, placebo-controlled clinical trial on the efficacy of IV vs oral acetaminophen in patients undergoing unilateral TKA. One hundred seventy-four subjects were randomized to one of the 3 groups: IV acetaminophen group (IV group, n = 57) received 1 g IV acetaminophen and oral placebo before postanesthesia care unit (PACU) admission; oral acetaminophen group (PO group, n = 58) received 1 g oral acetaminophen and volume-matched IV normal saline; placebo group (Placebo group, n = 59) received oral placebo and volume-matched IV normal saline. Pain scores were obtained every 15 minutes during PACU stay. Average pain scores, maximum pain score, and pain scores before physical therapy were compared among the 3 groups. Secondary outcomes included total opiate consumption, time to PACU discharge, time to rescue analgesia, and time to breakthrough pain. The average PACU pain score was similar in the IV group (0.56 ± 0.99 [mean ± standard deviation]) compared with the PO group (0.67 ± 1.20; P = .84) and Placebo group (0.58 ± 0.99; P = .71). Total opiate consumption at 6 hours (0.47 mg hydromorphone equivalents ± 0.56 vs 0.54 ± 0.53 vs 0.54 ± 0.61; P = .69) and at 24 hours (1.25 ± 1.30 vs 1.49 ± 1.34 vs 1.36 ± 1.31; P = .46) were also similar between the IV, PO, and Placebo groups. No significant differences were found between all groups for any other outcome. Neither IV nor oral acetaminophen provides additional analgesia in the immediate postoperative period when administered as an adjunct to multimodal analgesia in patients

  4. The alignment of the knee joint in relationship to age and osteoarthritis

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Laxafoss, Erling; Jacobsen, Steffen; Gosvig, Kasper K;

    2012-01-01

    INTRODUCTION: The aim of the present study was to describe the changes in the axis of the knee joint in both radiologically osteoarthritic and non-osteoarthritic knees, on the basis of angles measurable in standardized clinical short knee radiographs, in a cross sectional study of an epidemiologi......INTRODUCTION: The aim of the present study was to describe the changes in the axis of the knee joint in both radiologically osteoarthritic and non-osteoarthritic knees, on the basis of angles measurable in standardized clinical short knee radiographs, in a cross sectional study...... of an epidemiological cohort. DESIGN: From the third inclusion of the Copenhagen City Heart Study, 4,151 subjects were selected for standardized radiography of the knees. After censuring the inclusion, the resulting cohort was comprised of 3,488 individuals. Images were analyzed for radiological knee joint...

  5. A new modification of KAFO for assistance in knee extension.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sarikaya, Selda; Basaran, Aynur; Ortancil, Ozgur; Balbaloglu, Ozlem

    2007-01-01

    In this paper, a dynamic knee-ankle-foot orthosis (KAFO) extension assisted with elastic support, has been described which contributes to stance phase stability and swing phase freedom. The temporal distance factors including velocity, cadence, stride length, and clinical gait assessment score (CGAS) with bare foot and orthosis have been documented. The orthosis enables walking without fully immobilizing the knee.

  6. Criteria used when deciding on eligibility for total knee arthroplasty

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Skou, Søren Thorgaard; Ross, Ewa M.; Laursen, Mogens Berg;

    2016-01-01

    BACKGROUND: Clinical decision-making in total knee arthroplasty (TKA) is a complex process needing further clarification. The aim of this study was to compare TKA eligibility criteria considered most important by orthopedic surgeons (OSs) to characteristics of patients with knee osteoarthritis (OA...

  7. Medial Patellofemoral Ligament Reconstruction in a Below-Knee Amputee

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sherif El-Tawil

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available Patellar instability is a common finding in patients with below-knee amputation and yet management options are not commonly described in the literature. We describe the first reported case of a medial patellofemoral ligament reconstruction using allograft in a patient with a below-knee amputation. Clinical outcome at two-year follow-up remains very good.

  8. Dynamic weight-bearing assessment of pain in knee osteoarthritis

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Klokker, Louise; Christensen, Robin; Wæhrens, Eva Elisabet Ejlersen

    2016-01-01

    BACKGROUND: The Osteoarthritis Research Society International (OARSI) has suggested to asses pain after specific activities consistently in clinical trials on knee OA. The Dynamic weight-bearing Assessment of Pain (DAP) assesses pain during activity (30 s of performing repeated deep knee-bends from...

  9. Clinical effect of knee osteoarthritis patients treated with two different methods%两种不同方法治疗膝关节骨性关节炎的临床效果

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    杨宏栋; 陈贵彬; 翁阳华; 李忠辉

    2015-01-01

    Objective Analysis and comparison of the clinical effect of knee osteoarthritis patients treated with two different meth-ods. Method 80 cases of knee osteoarthritis patients were seleceted and divided into the observation group(40 cases)and control group(40 cases),the observation group were treated by conservative treatment( unit four quadriceps exercise and physiotherapy plus sodium hyalur-onate and knee joint cavity injection of triamcinolone acetonide). The control group received arthroscopic knee limited debridement. Knee function score before and after 3 month,12 months and the two groups of patients with clinical effect was compared. Results The clinical effect of the observation group was better than control group,with statistical significance between the two groups( P﹤0. 05). The observation group score of knee joint function after 3 months,12 months of treatment was significantly higher than the control group,with statistical significance between the two groups(P﹤0. 05). Conclusion The conservative treatment of femoral head four muscle function exercise and physiotherapy plus sodium hyaluronate and triamcinolone acetonide injection in articular cavity treatment effect is obvious,can effectively alleviate the patient with joint pain,economic,simple,is worth the clinical promotion and application.%目的:比较两种不同方法治疗膝关节骨性关节炎患者的临床效果。方法:选取80例膝关节骨性关节炎患者,将其分成观察组(40例)和对照组(40例),给予观察组患者采用保守治疗(股四头肌功能锻炼+理疗+玻璃酸钠及曲安奈德膝关节腔注射),给予对照组关节镜下膝关节有限清理术。对比两组患者临床效果及3个月、12个月治疗前后膝关节功能评分。结果:观察组效果明显优于对照组,两组比较,差异具有统计学意义(P﹤0.05)。观察组3个月、12个月治疗前后膝关节功能评分明显高于对照组,两组比较

  10. [The effect of central anatomical single-bundle versus anatomical double-bundle reconstruction of the anterior cruciate ligament on knee stability. a clinical study].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Komzák, M; Hart, R; Smíd, P; Puskeiler, M

    2014-01-01

    PURPOSE OF THE STUDY A comparison of the efficacy of central anatomical single-bundle (CASB) reconstruction with that of double-bundle (DB) repair of the anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) in relation to knee stability in anteroposterior translation (APT), internal rotation (IR) and external rotation (ER) of the joint. MATERIAL AND METHODS A total of 40 patients were evaluated; 20 had ACL reconstruction by the CASB technique using hamstrings and 20 underwent DB repair surgery. The average age was 31.3 years, and the group included 22 men and 18 women with 19 right and 21 left knees. The KT-1000 test was used to assess the amount of APT in the knee and rotational deviations were measured by the Rolimeter. In the DB patients, measurements were performed before surgery (on joints with ACL injury), then after reconstruction of the anteromedial (AM) or the posterolateral (PL) bundle and subsequently after repair of both ACL bundles. The CASB patients were assessed before and after graft insertion. RESULTS The average APT value was 18.5 mm for the pre-operative knees and it fell to 8.9 mm after AM bundle reconstruction. However, when the PL bundle was inserted in the first place, the average APT value was 13.1 mm only. The average values recorded after the DB and CASB reconstructions were 6.1 mm and 9.1 mm, respectively. The average IR range of motion in the pre-operative joints was 18.6 degrees. After AM bundle reconstruction it was 13.9 degrees and after PL bundle repair it was 15.3 degrees. In DB reconstruction the average IR value achieved 10.4 degrees, and in CASB repair surgery it was 13.7 degrees. The average ER range of motion in the pre-operative joints was 17.8 degrees. After AM bundle reconstruction it was 14.5 degrees and after PL bundle repair it was 14.9 degrees. In DB reconstruction the average ER value achieved 11.4 degrees, and in CASB repair surgery it was 14.5 degrees. DISCUSSION Rotational stability of the knee after ACL reconstruction is one of the

  11. Patella Eversion Reduces Early Knee Range of Motion and Muscle Torque Recovery after Total Knee Arthroplasty: Comparison between Minimally Invasive Total Knee Arthroplasty and Conventional Total Knee Arthroplasty

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Tokifumi Majima

    2011-01-01

    Full Text Available We hypothesized that patella eversion during total knee arthroplasty (TKA reduces early return of active knee extension and flexion, quadriceps muscle strength, and postoperative pain. In 100 conventional TKA knees and 100 minimally invasive TKA (MIS TKA knees, we compared knee range of motion (ROM, postoperative pain, and quadriceps muscle strength at 1 day, 4 days, 1 week, 2 weeks, 3 weeks, 4 weeks, 12 weeks, 1 year, and 5 years after surgery. The differences of surgical approach between MIS TKA and conventional TKA of this study are length of skin incision with subcutaneal flap and patella eversion. In MIS TKA, skin incision is shorter than conventional TKA. Furthermore, patella is not everted in MIS TKA procedure. There were no significant differences in preoperative factors. Postoperative improvement of ROM, postoperative muscle strength recovery, and postoperative improvement of visual analog scale were faster in patients with MIS TKA when compared to that in patients with conventional TKA. On the other hand, no significant difference was observed in complication, 5-year clinical results of subjective knee function score, and the postoperative component angle and lower leg alignment. These results indicate that patella eversion may affect muscle strength recovery and postoperative pain.

  12. Clinical Analysis of Synovial Mmbrane of the Knee Joint in the Diagnosis of Synovial Membrane of Knee Joint by X-ray%膝关节滑膜骨软骨瘤病应用X线平片和超声联合诊断的临床分析

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    卢吉银

    2015-01-01

    Objective To explore the X-ray plain film and ultrasonic diagnosis in the diagnosis of knee joint synovial osteochondroma disease clinical application ef ect.Methods March 2010 to December 2014 in our hospital treatment of knee joint synovial membrane osteochondroma patients,40 cases of patients with X-ray plain film,ultrasonic diagnosis and X-ray plain film and ultrasonic diagnosis,diagnosis criteria for surgical pathologic results,comparing three methods of diagnosis of knee joint synovial membrane osteochondroma disease clinical diagnosis ef ect.Results Patients with X-ray plain film,ultrasonic,joint diagnosis and pathologic examination of the knee joint synovial nodules of osteochondroma disease diagnosis results show that the X-ray plain film diagnosis accuracy rate 66.9%(480/717),ultrasound diagnostic accuracy rate 85.4%(612/717),joint diagnosis diagnosis accuracy rate 95.5%(685/717),joint diagnosis accuracy is significantly higher than X-ray plain film, ultrasonic,the significant dif erence statistical y significant ( <0.05).Conclusion In clinical diagnosis of knee joint synovial osteochondroma il ness application of X-ray plain film and ultrasonic diagnosis can improve the accuracy of clinical diagnosis of patients,the nodules at the same time have a more clear.%目的探究X线平片和超声联合诊断在膝关节滑膜骨软骨瘤病诊断中的临床应用效果。方法回顾分析2010年3月~2014年12月在我院治疗的资料较完整的40例膝关节滑膜骨软骨瘤病例,全部病例术前均作了X线平片、超声以及X线平片和超声联合检查,以手术后病理结果为诊断标准,对比三种诊断方法对膝关节滑膜骨软骨瘤病的临床诊断效果。结果患者的X线平片、超声、联合诊断以及病理检查对膝关节滑膜骨软骨瘤病的结节诊断结果显示:X线平片诊断准确率66.9%(480/717),超声诊断准确率85.4%(612/717),联合诊断诊断准确率95.5%(685/717),联合诊断准

  13. Multibody dynamic simulation of knee contact mechanics.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bei, Yanhong; Fregly, Benjamin J

    2004-11-01

    Multibody dynamic musculoskeletal models capable of predicting muscle forces and joint contact pressures simultaneously would be valuable for studying clinical issues related to knee joint degeneration and restoration. Current three-dimensional multibody knee models are either quasi-static with deformable contact or dynamic with rigid contact. This study proposes a computationally efficient methodology for combining multibody dynamic simulation methods with a deformable contact knee model. The methodology requires preparation of the articular surface geometry, development of efficient methods to calculate distances between contact surfaces, implementation of an efficient contact solver that accounts for the unique characteristics of human joints, and specification of an application programming interface for integration with any multibody dynamic simulation environment. The current implementation accommodates natural or artificial tibiofemoral joint models, small or large strain contact models, and linear or nonlinear material models. Applications are presented for static analysis (via dynamic simulation) of a natural knee model created from MRI and CT data and dynamic simulation of an artificial knee model produced from manufacturer's CAD data. Small and large strain natural knee static analyses required 1 min of CPU time and predicted similar contact conditions except for peak pressure, which was higher for the large strain model. Linear and nonlinear artificial knee dynamic simulations required 10 min of CPU time and predicted similar contact force and torque but different contact pressures, which were lower for the nonlinear model due to increased contact area. This methodology provides an important step toward the realization of dynamic musculoskeletal models that can predict in vivo knee joint motion and loading simultaneously.

  14. 扶阳灸法治疗膝关节骨性关节炎40例临床观察%Clinical observation on treating 40 cases of knee joint osteoarthritis with the Fuyang moxibustion

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李正龙

    2015-01-01

    目的:观察扶阳灸法治疗膝关节骨性关节炎的临床效果,并进行对照。方法:选取本院2012年3月-2014年8月诊治的80例膝关节骨性关节炎患者,随机分为对照组与实验组,其中对照组40例予以常规针灸治疗,实验组40例予以扶阳灸治疗,分析两组患者治疗期间的治疗效果。结果:实验组患者治疗效果明显优于对照组,比较差异具有统计学意义(P<0.05)。结论:扶阳灸治疗膝关节骨性关节炎临床效果显著,临床值得推广。%Objective: To observe clinical efficacy of the Fuyang moxibustion on knee joint osteoarthritis. Methods: 80 cases of knee joint osteoarthritis from March 2012 to August 2014 were randomly divided into the control group and the experimental group. The control group (40 cases) was treated by routine acupuncture; the experimental group (40 cases) was treated by the Fuyang moxibustion. Curative efficacy in two groups were compared. Results: Clinical efficacy in the experimental group was better than that in the control group; the difference was statistically significant (P<0.05). Conclusion: Treating knee joint osteoarthritis can receive a good effect, and is worthy of promotion.

  15. The Clinical usefulness of {sup 99mT}c HMPAO Leukocyte/{sup 99mT}c phytate bone marrow scintigraphy for diagnosis of prosthetic knee infection: A preliminary study

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Jung, Kyung Pyo; Park, Ji Sun; Lee, Ah Young; Choi, Su Jung; Lee, Seok Mo; Bae, Sang Kyun [Inje Univ., Pusan Paik Hospital, Pusan (Korea, Republic of)

    2012-12-15

    The preferred radionuclide imaging procedure for diagnosing prosthetic joint infection is combined radiolabeled leukocyte/{sup 99mT}c sulfur colloid bone marrow scintigraphy, which has an accuracy of over 90%. Unfortunately, sulfur colloid is no longer available in South Korea. in this study, we evaluated the usefulness of {sup 99mT}c phytate, a substitute for {sup 99mT}c sulfur colloid, when combined with radiolabeled leukocyte scintigraphy in suspected prosthetic knee infections. Eleven patients (nine women, two men; mean age 72{+-}6 years) with painful knee prostheses and a suspicion of infection underwent both {sup 99mT}c phytate bone marrow scintigraphy (BMS). The combined images were interpreted as positive for infection when radioactivity in the LS at the sits of clinical interest clearly exceeded that of the BMS (discordant); they were interpreted as negative when the increased activity in the LS was consistent with an increased activity in the BMS(concordant). The final diagnosis was made with microbiological or intraoperative findings and a clinical follow up of at least 12 months. Five of eleven patients were diagnosed as having an infected prosthesis. The overall sensitivity, specificity, specificity, positive predictive value (PPV), negative predictive value (NPV), and diagnostic accuracy of the combined LS/BMS were 100%, 83%, 83%, 100% and 91%, respectively. We find that combined {sup 99mT}c HMPAO LS/{sup 99mT}c phytate BMS shows comparable diagnostic performance to other studies utilizing sulfur colloid. Combined {sup 99mT}c HMPAO LS/{sup 99mT}c phytate BMS is therefore expected to be an acceptable alternative to combined radiolabeled LS/{sup 99ms}ulfur colloid BMS for diagnosing prosthetic knee infections.

  16. Does a new knee design perform as well as the design it replaces?

    OpenAIRE

    Molt, M.; Ljung, P.; Toksvig-Larsen, S.

    2012-01-01

    Objectives The objective of this study was to compare the early migration characteristics and functional outcome of the Triathlon cemented knee prosthesis with its predecessor, the Duracon cemented knee prosthesis (both Stryker). Methods A total 60 patients were prospectively randomised and tibial component migration was measured by radiostereometric analysis (RSA) at three months, one year and two years; clinical outcome was measured by the American Knee Society score and the Knee Osteoarthr...

  17. Clinical application of rotating platform high flexion total knee replacements%旋转平台高屈曲型人工全膝关节置换术的临床应用

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张春雨; 吴坚; 刘庆; 邵宏翊; 殷建华; 周一新

    2008-01-01

    目的 探讨旋转平台高屈曲型人工全膝关节置换术(total knee replacements,TKR)的特点及临床效果.方法 对61例患者(78膝)行旋转平台高屈曲型(Sigma RP-F)人工TKR,其中17例为双侧膝关节置换.男13例15膝,女48例63膝;年龄45~79岁,平均64.3岁.术前诊断:膝骨关节炎56例,类风湿关节炎5例.采用正中切口髌旁内侧入路,所有膝关节都未进行髌骨置换,但对髌骨进行去神经化和修复术.结果 本组随访3~16个月,平均10.5个月.影像学显示无松动,无髌骨翘起、半脱位或脱位.临床评定采用美国膝关节学会(KSS)评分,术前平均膝评分48分(33~72分),膝功能评分41分(28~63分),术后随访膝评分97分(88~100分),膝功能评分96分(84~99分),膝关节活动度平均为(130.)(110.~150.),未发现假体旋出、不稳定或感染的患者.结论 旋转平台高屈曲人工全膝关节可提供足够的关节接触面积、全程的髌骨轨迹、足够的胫骨关节轴向旋转自由度,使膝关节可安全达到高屈曲的目的,近期随访疗效满意,但是否达到实验室分析的减少磨损、增加假体使用寿命的目的仍需进一步随访.%Objective To discuss the characteristics and clinical results of rotating platform high flexion(RDHF)total knee replacement TKR. Methods A total of 61 patients(78 knees)including 13males(15 knees)and 48 females(63 knees)at age range of45-79 years(mean 64.3 years)were treated with Sigma(RP-HF)rotating platform high flexion total knee replacement.Osteoarthritis was found in 56patients and rheumatoid arthritis in 5.By medial parapatella approach,denervation and facet repair of the patella were done,without replacing them. Results All 78 knees were followed up for 3-16 months (mean 10.5 months).the X-ray film demonstrated no prosthesis loosening,patella dislocation or subluxation.According to the knee society scoring system,the preoperative score was 48 points(33-72 points)and the knee

  18. Clinical features and factors associated with knee osteonecrosis in patients with systemic lupus erythematosus%系统性红斑狼疮并发膝骨坏死的临床特点及相关因素分析

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    吴红华; 郑文洁; 陈华; 赵岩

    2014-01-01

    Objective To analyze the clinical features and factors associated with knee osteonecrosis in patients with systemic lnpus erythematosus (SLE).Methods Medical charts of Peking Union Medical College Hospital from 2000 to 2013 were reviewed to identify patients who were diagnosed as SLE with kuee osteonecrosis.Controls were selected and matched to the cases by age and sex.The clinical and laboratory variables were compared between SLE patients who were with and without knee osteonecrosis.Numerical data and categorical data comparisons were analyzed using t-test,x2-test,respectively.Results Sixteen patients developed knee osteonecrosis that constituted 0.37% of all the 4 301 hospitalized SLE patients during the same period.Fifteen patients were female,who developed knee osteonecrosis with an average age of 36 years (range:17-67 years).The mean duratiou of SLE before the diagnosis of knee osteonecrosis was 64±40 months (range:16-120 months).The interval from onset of symptoms to diagnosis was 0.5 to 24 months.The distal end of femur was involved in all 16 patients,while the proximal tibia necrosis also occurred in 8 patients.The detection rate of knee osteonecrosis by MRI was 100%,while it was only 19% by plain radiography.The incidence of skin vasculitis,myositis,osteoporosis,hyperlipidemia,hypoalbuminemia and elevated serum immunoglobin G levels were significantly higher in SLE patients with knee osteonecrosis than in controls (P<0.05).In addition,the use of anti-malarials was significantly lower in SLE patients with knee osteonecrosis than in controls (P<0.05).Conclusion The knee osteonecrosis in SLE patients is affected by multifactors.The risk factors include skin vasculitis,myositis osteoporosis,hyperlipidemia,hypoalbuminemia and the elevated immunoglobin G level.The use of antimalarial drugs in SLE patients may protect against knee osteonecrosis development.Knee osteonecrosis coull be diagnosed early by MRI.%目的 探讨SLE并发膝骨坏死的临床

  19. "Forgotten knee" after total knee replacement: A pragmatic study from a single-centre cohort.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Eymard, Florent; Charles-Nelson, Anais; Katsahian, Sandrine; Chevalier, Xavier; Bercovy, Michel

    2015-05-01

    After total knee replacement (TKR), some patients find their operated knee totally natural and can be said to have "forgotten" it, while others, although satisfied with their results, remain conscious of their prosthesis. This is not well assessed on conventional end-points. Since 2001, we have studied the prevalence of "forgotten knee" (FK) after TKR in a prospective pragmatic cohort, with comparison to conventional scores. Patients undergoing TKR were enrolled between January 2001 and January 2008. Preoperative medical history and anthropometric and clinical data were recorded, and composite scores (Knee Society Score (KSS), Lequesne) were assessed. At each follow-up visit, FK acquisition was assessed by the closed question "Do you feel the operated knee to be always normal in all everyday activities?". Five hundred and eighty-four TKRs in 485 patients were included. Among the TKR, 91.6% were performed for severe osteoarthritis of the knee. FK frequency at a mean 75.8 months' follow-up was 42.9% while 86.1% of TKRs had excellent (KS Knee Score (KSKS)>80) or 34.9% perfect (KSKS=100) outcome. Only 66.1% of the 204 TKRs with perfect outcome on KSKS were reported as FK. Most patients achieved FK within 18 months. In this prospective study, 42.9% of TKRs were considered always forgotten in all everyday activities. Copyright © 2014 Société française de rhumatologie. Published by Elsevier SAS. All rights reserved.

  20. Dynamic weight-bearing assessment of pain in knee osteoarthritis

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Klokker, Louise; Christensen, Robin; Wæhrens, Eva E;

    2016-01-01

    BACKGROUND: The Osteoarthritis Research Society International (OARSI) has suggested to asses pain after specific activities consistently in clinical trials on knee OA. The Dynamic weight-bearing Assessment of Pain (DAP) assesses pain during activity (30 s of performing repeated deep knee-bends fr....... A change of 2.4 or more can be interpreted as clinically relevant. The DAP is a promising alternative to using 'pain on walking' as a clinical trial inclusion criterion/outcome....

  1. Reconstruction of anterior cruciate ligament repairs knee sports injury:clinical state and future%前交叉韧带重建修复运动性膝关节损伤:临床现状与未来

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张海灵

    2014-01-01

    BACKGROUND:The cruciate ligament of the knee joint has a poor capacity of self-healing after injury, and the main treatment is grafting to reconstruct cruciate ligament. OBJECTIVE:To summarize the structure, function, and mechanical characteristics of anterior cruciate ligament of the knee joint, the present research of artificial ligament reconstruction fol owing damage, and to provide evidences for clinical application of artificial ligament. METHODS:An online computer-based retrieval was performed with the key words of“artificial y synthetic materials, knee joint cruciate ligament, exercise, ligament repair, ligament reconstruction”. Articles related to knee ligament treatment approach, materials science characteristics, biocompatibility and application were included. A total of 25 articles addressing the properties of biological materials applied in knee cruciate ligament reconstruction were screened. RESULTS AND CONCLUSION:As an effective treatment for anterior cruciate ligament injuries, technique of anterior cruciate ligament reconstruction has been developed in recent years. Implants for repairing anterior cruciate ligament injuries include autologous ligaments, ligament al ograft, artificial ligaments, and tissue engineered ligament. Artificial materials and tissue engineered ligaments are the hotspots in recent years. Biological artificial ligament is effective to treat the knee ligament injury. celland molecular biology techniques as wel as the use of gene therapy wil become a new direction in the treatment of knee ligament injury and rehabilitation.%背景:膝关节交叉韧带损伤后自愈能力较差,治疗上以移植物植入重建交叉韧带为主。  目的:总结膝关节前交叉韧带的功能、结构,力学特点,及其缺损后人工韧带重建研究的进展,为人工韧带的临床应用提供依据。  方法:作者应用计算机检索数据库,检索关键词“人工合成材料;膝交叉韧带,韧

  2. Intra-articular hyaluronan is without clinical effect in knee osteoarthritis: a multicentre, randomised, placebo-controlled, double-blind study of 337 patients followed for 1 year

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Jørgensen, Anette; Stengaard-Pedersen, Kristian; Simonsen, Lars Ole;

    2010-01-01

    Objective To examine the long-term efficacy and safety of five intra-articular injections with hyaluronan in knee osteoarthritis. Methods A multicentre, randomised, placebo-controlled double-blind study of 337 patients fulfilling the American College of Rheumatology (ACR) criteria for knee...... efficacy parameter. LFI, pain on walking 50 m based on visual analogue scale (VAS pain 50 m), paracetamol consumption, patients' global assessment, Nottingham health profile, joint effusion and number of responders were secondary efficacy parameters. The efficacy parameters were analysed by intention...... to treat (ITT) and per protocol (PP). All adverse events (AE) were recorded as safety parameters. Results Time to recurrence showed no significant treatment effect (ITT analysis, p = 0.26). Change from baseline in LFI and VAS pain 50 m for the ITT population showed no treatment effect. Paracetamol...

  3. CLINICAL STUDY OF THE CHRONOLOGICAL CHANGES IN KNEE ALIGNMENT PATTERN IN NORMAL SOUTH-EAST NIGERIAN CHILDREN AGED BETWEEN 0 AND 5 YEARS

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ezeuko V.C

    2010-01-01

    Full Text Available The purpose of this study is to establish the chronological changes in knee alignment pattern in normal South-East Nigerian children aged between 0 and 5 years. A total number of 1450 subjects (680 males and 770 females were used for the study. The intercondylar/intermalleolar distances were measured using a vernier caliper with the subjects standing erect in anatomical position to determine straight knee, genu valgum and genu varum. The data was analysed with Microsoft Excel version 2007. The prevalence was presented as percentage (%.The result showed that the subjects have varum by the first year of life, prevalently genu valgum in type by the second year, valgum by the third year, neutral by the fourth and fifth year.

  4. Pneumatic osteoarthritis knee brace.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Stamenović, Dimitrije; Kojić, Milos; Stojanović, Boban; Hunter, David

    2009-04-01

    Knee osteoarthritis is a chronic disease that necessitates long term therapeutic intervention. Biomechanical studies have demonstrated an improvement in the external adduction moment with application of a valgus knee brace. Despite being both efficacious and safe, due to their rigid frame and bulkiness, current designs of knee braces create discomfort and difficulties to patients during prolonged periods of application. Here we propose a novel design of a light osteoarthritis knee brace, which is made of soft conforming materials. Our design relies on a pneumatic leverage system, which, when pressurized, reduces the excessive loads predominantly affecting the medial compartment of the knee and eventually reverses the malalignment. Using a finite-element analysis, we show that with a moderate level of applied pressure, this pneumatic brace can, in theory, counterbalance a greater fraction of external adduction moment than the currently existing braces.

  5. Musculoskeletal MR: knee

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Staebler, A.; Glaser, C.; Reiser, M. [Dept. of Diagnostic Radiology, Klinikum Grosshadern, Ludwig-Maximilian Universitaet Muenchen (Germany)

    2000-02-01

    Magnetic resonance imaging is the most sensitive, specific, and accurate noninvasive method for diagnosing internal derangement of the knee. During the past 15 years knowledge of pathologic conditions of the knee had evolved significantly. Beyond the basic principles of imaging knee injuries great impact was made on the understanding of indirect or collateral findings, even in rare diseases. In this article the spectrum of disorders of the knee are reviewed and an overview of the current literature is given. This includes considerations about how to achieve a high-standard MR imaging study of the knee, and principles of imaging anterior cruciate ligament and meniscal tears. A focus is put on distinct diseases including intra-articular and intraosseous ganglion cysts, iliotibial band friction syndrome, transient osteoporosis, osteonecrosis, osteochondritis dissecans, and imaging of the articular cartilage. (orig.)

  6. Effect of knee joint angle on side-to-side strength ratios.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Krishnan, Chandramouli; Williams, Glenn N

    2014-10-01

    Isometric knee extensor and flexor strength are typically tested at different joint angles due to the differences in length-tension relationships of the quadriceps and hamstring muscles. The efficiency of strength testing can be improved if the same angle can be used to test both the knee extensor and flexor muscle groups. The aim of this study was to determine an optimal angle for isometric knee strength testing by examining the effect of knee angle on side-to-side peak torque ratios. Eighteen active young people (9 males and 9 females) participated in this study. Knee extensor and knee flexor strength were tested on both sides at 30°, 60°, and 90° of knee flexion. The effect of knee flexion angle on side-to-side peak torque ratios, raw torque values, and side-to-side flexor-to-extensor torque ratios were assessed. Side-to-side knee extensor peak torque ratios and knee flexor-to-extensor torque ratios differed significantly by knee flexion angle (p = 0.024 and p = 0.011, respectively), but side-to-side knee flexor peak torque ratios did not differ significantly (p = 0.311). When considering both side-to-side peak torque ratios and flexor-to-extensor torque ratios, the values were more symmetrical (i.e., closer to 100%) only at 60° of knee flexion. Our results indicate that both the knee flexors and the knee extensors can be tested clinically at 60° of knee flexion. Our results also indicate that the hamstrings can be tested at any of the 3 angles if the examiner is interested in side-to-side ratios rather than raw torque values. These results may facilitate more efficient and flexible clinical knee strength testing.

  7. Application of principal component analysis in clinical gait research: identification of systematic differences between healthy and medial knee-osteoarthritic gait.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Federolf, P A; Boyer, K A; Andriacchi, T P

    2013-09-01

    For a successful completion of a movement task the motor control system has to observe a multitude of internal constraints that govern the coordination of its segments. The purpose of this study was to apply principal component (PC) analysis to detect differences in the segmental coordination between healthy subjects and patients with medial knee osteoarthritis (OA). It was hypothesized that (1) systematic differences in patterns of whole body movement would be identifiable with this method even in small sample sized groups and that (2) these differences will include compensatory movements in the OA patients in both the lower and upper body segments. Marker positions and ground reaction forces of three gait trials of 5 healthy and 5 OA participants with full body marker sets were analyzed using a principal component analysis. Group differences in the PC-scores were determined for the first 10 PC-vectors and a linear combination of those PC-vectors where differences were found defined a discriminant vector. Projecting the original trials onto this discriminant vector yielded significant group differences (t(d=8)=3.011; p=0.017) with greater upper body movement in patients with knee OA that was correlated with the medial-lateral ground reaction force. These results help to characterize the adaptation of whole-body gait patterns to knee OA in a relatively small population and may provide an improved basis for the development of interventions to modify knee load. The PC-based motion analysis offered a highly sensitive approach to identify characteristic whole body patterns of movement associated with pathological gait.

  8. Toward a clinical definition of early osteoarthritis: onset of patient-reported knee pain begins on stairs. Data from the osteoarthritis initiative.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hensor, Elizabeth M A; Dube, Bright; Kingsbury, Sarah R; Tennant, Alan; Conaghan, Philip G

    2015-01-01

    Early detection of osteoarthritis (OA) would increase the chances of effective intervention. We aimed to investigate which patient-reported activity is first associated with knee pain. We hypothesized that pain would occur first during activities requiring weight bearing and knee bending. Data were obtained from the Osteoarthritis Initiative (OAI), a multicenter, longitudinal prospective observational cohort of people who have or are at high risk of OA. Participants completed the Western Ontario and McMaster Universities Osteoarthritis Index (WOMAC; Likert scale) annually for up to 7 years. Rasch analysis was used to rank the WOMAC pain questions (activities) in order of affirmation as the pain score increased from 0. For each total WOMAC score category (0-20) we selected 25 individuals at random based on their maximum score across all visits. Fit to the Rasch model was assessed in this subset; stability of question ranking over successive visits was confirmed in the full OAI. WOMAC data on 4,673 people were included, with 491 selected for subset analysis. The subset data showed good fit to the Rasch model (χ(2) = 43.31, P = 0.332). In the full OAI, the "using stairs" question was the first to score points as the total pain score increased from 0 (baseline logit score ± 95% confidence interval -4.74 ± 0.07), then "walking" (-2.94 ± 0.07), "standing" (-2.65 ± 0.07), "lying/sitting" (-2.00 ± 0.08), and finally "in bed" (-1.32 ± 0.09). This ordering was consistent over successive visits. Knee pain is most likely to first appear during weight-bearing activities involving bending of the knee, such as using stairs. First appearance of this symptom may identify a group suitable for early intervention strategies. © 2015 The Authors. Arthritis Care & Research is published by Wiley Periodicals, Inc. on behalf of the American College of Rheumatology.

  9. 膝关节磁共振成像技术临床应用研究%Clinical Study of Knee Joint MRI Examination

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    刘新球; 韩邵军

    2011-01-01

    Objective To investigate MRI scanning technique of knee joint. Methods 50 patients received MRl examination of knee joints. The scanning sequences included oblique sagital PDWI and $E TIWI, coronal PDWI and SE T1W1 and axial FSE T2WL Chemical fat saturation technique was used in PDWI and T2WI sequence. Results Of 50 patients, 25 patients were diagnosed with knee convulsion, 20 cases with meniscus degeneration and 3 of them accompanied by meniscus tear, 5 cases with ligamental injury. Conclusion Suitable sequence, parametric optimization, fat saturation technique and proper coil are key points for MRI scanning of knee joint, which are helpful for manifesting normal tissueand lesion detection.[Chinese Medical Equipment Journal,2011,32(12);75-76]%目的:探讨膝关节磁共振扫描成像技术.方法:50例患者MR扫描序列包括斜矢状位PDW[、SET1WI;冠状位PDWI、SET1WI;横轴位FSET2WI.所有PDW[采用化学饱和法脂肪抑制技术.结果:本组病例中膝关节挫伤25例;20例半月板退变,其中3例伴半月板撕裂;韧带损伤5例.结论:磁共振扫描参数的优化组合和选择正确的扫描方法、恰当的线圈及应用脂肪抑制技术更有助于显示正常膝关节解剖结构及病变的定位和诊断.

  10. 人工全膝关节置换临床研究%Clinic analysis of the effect of total knee arthoplasty in treatment of bone and joint disease

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张孝轩; 周政

    2012-01-01

    目的 探讨人工全膝关节表面置换术对骨关节疾病治疗疗效.方法 2008年1月~2010年12月,对某院骨科纳入的89例病例,包括男性55例,女性34例,进行人工膝关节置换术.采用HSS评分评价治疗后的疗效.结果 全部患者经过人工膝关节置换术治疗后,置换后于置换前比较总评分以及HSS评分均优于置换后,差异有统计学意义(P<0.001).结论 人工全膝关节表面置换术对骨关节病疗效显著,对治疗膝关节骨关节炎和类风湿性关节炎等疾病效果显著.%OBJECTIVE To explore the effect of total knee arthoplasty in treatment of bone and joint disease. METHODS From Jan. 2008 to Dec. 2010, a total of 89 cases were included in our hospital, including 32 males and 18 females. All the patients were taken knee arthoplasty. The HSS were used to analyze the effect of treatment. RESULTS After receiving total knee arthoplasty, the scores of patients before and after surgery were compared, the HSS after surgery was significantly better than that before surgery. There was significant difference between them (P < 0.001). CONCLUSION The total knee arthoplasty showed effective to the bone and joint disease, especially for the osteoarthritis and rheumatoid arthritis.

  11. Effectiveness of moxibustion treatment as adjunctive therapy in osteoarthritis of the knee: a randomized, double-blinded, placebo-controlled clinical trial

    OpenAIRE

    Zhao, Ling; Cheng, Ke; WANG, LIZHEN; Wu, Fan; Deng, HaiPing; Tan, Ming; Lao, Lixing; Shen, Xueyong

    2014-01-01

    Introduction Our objective was to compare the effectiveness and safety of traditional Chinese moxibustion to that of sham moxibustion in patients with chronic knee osteoarthritis (KOA) pain. Methods We conducted a randomized placebo-controlled trial involving 110 patients with KOA who met the inclusion criteria. These patients randomly received either active moxibustion (n = 55) or sham moxibustion control (n = 55) at acupoints Dubi (ST 35), extra-point Neixiyan (EX-LE 4), and an Ashi (tender...

  12. The mental representation of the human gait in patients with severe knee osteoarthrosis: a clinical study to aid understanding of impairment and disability.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Jacksteit, Robert; Mau-Moeller, Anett; Behrens, Martin; Bader, Rainer; Mittelmeier, Wolfram; Skripitz, Ralf; Stöckel, Tino

    2017-07-01

    Objectives were (1) to explore differences in gait-specific long-term memory structures and gait performance between knee osteoarthrosis patients and healthy subjects and (2) to identify the extent to which the gait-specific mental representation is associated with gait performance. Cross-sectional study. In total, 18 knee osteoarthrosis patients and 18 control subjects. Spatio-temporal (gait speed, step length) and temporophasic (stance time, swing time, single support time, total double support time) gait parameters and gait variability were measured with an electronic walkway (OptoGait). The mental representation was assessed using the structural dimensional analysis of mental representations (SDA-M). (1) Patients showed significantly longer stance times ( P representation as compared with the healthy controls. (2) Correlation analyses revealed the mental representation of the human gait to be associated with actual gait performance in osteoarthrosis patients. Double support times were positively associated with the structural quality of the mental representation and step length variability was positively associated with the number of sequencing errors in the representation. The gait-specific mental representation and actual gait performance differ between patients with severe knee osteoarthrosis and healthy controls, and both are linked to one another. This finding suggests that musculoskeletal disorders can lead to changes in the mental representation of the gait, and as such the SDA-M could provide useful information to improve the rehabilitation following osteoarthrosis.

  13. The knee pain map: reliability of a method to identify knee pain location and pattern.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Thompson, Laura R; Boudreau, Robert; Hannon, Michael J; Newman, Anne B; Chu, Constance R; Jansen, Mary; Nevitt, Michael C; Kwoh, C Kent

    2009-06-15

    To describe the location and pattern of knee pain in patients with chronic, frequent knee pain using the Knee Pain Map, and to evaluate the inter- and intrarater reliability of the map. A cohort of 799 participants from the University of Pittsburgh Osteoarthritis Initiative Clinical Center who had knee pain in the last 12 months were studied. Trained interviewers assessed and recorded participant-reported knee pain patterns into 8 local areas, 4 regional areas, or as diffuse. Inter- and intrarater reliability were assessed using Fleiss' kappa. Participants most often reported localized (69%) followed by regional (14%) or diffuse (10%) knee pain. In those with localized pain, the most commonly reported locations were the medial (56%) and lateral (43%) joint lines. In those with regional pain, the most commonly reported regions were the patella (44%) and medial region (38%). There was excellent interrater reliability for the identification of localized and regional pain patterns (kappa = 0.7-0.9 and 0.7-0.8, respectively). The interrater reliability for specific locations was also excellent (kappa = 0.7-1.0) when the number of participants with pain in a location was >4. For regional pain, the kappa for specific regions varied from 0.7-1.0. The majority of participants could identify the location of their knee pain, and trained interviewers could reliably record those locations. The variation in locations suggests that there are multiple sources of pain in knee OA. Additional studies are needed to determine whether specific knee pain patterns correlate with discrete pathologic findings on radiographs or magnetic resonance images.

  14. Knee osteoarthritis therapy through traditional Chinese herb smoking%中药薰洗治疗膝关节骨性关节炎

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    徐振奇; 姜贵云; 刘旭东; 柴叶红; 李青

    2003-01-01

    @@ INTRODUCTION Knee osteoarthritis is a regenerated change of knee hyaline cartilage, complicated with bone hyperplasia,synovitis and articular capsule and muscle changes due to old age and knee joint injury, deformity and diseases etc factors.Osteoarthritis induced many clinical manifestations including knee ache,swelling and limited motion and seriously affected the quality of the patients'.

  15. Clinical study on needling plus CPM machine in treatment of knee joint in early postoperative dysfunction%缪刺法加cpm机治疗膝关节术后早期功能障碍的临床研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张冲; 王开龙; 周宾宾

    2015-01-01

    Objective:To investigate the in knee joint fracture for earlypostoperative functional disorder take CPM machine and nee-dling method combined with the clinical effect of treatment.Methods:According to the Department of orthopedics of the First Affiliated Hospital of Guangxi Traditional Chinese Medical University, Department of rehabilitation, carries on the research analysis fromJune to 2013 2012, 86 cases of fractures treated in June after internal fixation of knee joint functional disorder of patients, randomlydivided into the experimental group and control group, each group of 43 people.The patients in the experimental group took the traditionalconcept of acupuncture -needling method +CPM machine combined with rehabilitation therapy;the control group take CPM machinecombined with rehabilitation treatment alone, using the knee range of motion ( ROM) scales were measured, and the Lysholm standard for patients with knee therapeutic effect of joint score.Results:The curative effect observation group comparison of efficacy of the control group with signif-icant difference (P <0.05).Especially after the treatment, the observation group of patients with knee joint activity degree obviously improve the functional obstacle, greatly ease.Conclusion: In the clinical treatment of disorder of early knee function after operation, taken in the CPM machine based on the treatment of traditional needling therapy, the effect should more obvious.It might be worth to pop-ularize.%目的:探讨在膝关节骨折术后针对早期功能性障碍采取CPM机和缪刺法联用治疗的临床效果。方法:针对广西中医学院第一附属医院骨科,康复科从2012年6月~2013年6月收治的86例骨折内固定术后膝关节功能性障碍的患者进行研究分析,随机将其分为实验组和对照组,每组43人。其中实验组患者采取传统针灸疗法-缪刺法+CPM机联合康复治疗;对照组采取单纯的CPM机联合康复治疗,

  16. 使用DELUXE假体及REVOLU截骨器行膝关节置换术的初步临床报告%Preliminary clinical outcomes of DELUXE prosthesis and REVOLU osteotomy system in knee replacement

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    吕永明; 安永胜; 刘文涛; 杨阳; 徐丛; 杜元良; 张立超; 徐飞

    2012-01-01

    Objective To investigate the preliminary clinical outcomes of DELUXE prosthesis and REVOLU osteotomy system in knee replacement Methods 31 knees of 26 cases with arthropathy were treated by knee replacement with DELUXE prosthesis and REVOLU osteotomy system from Febrary 2008 to May 2009. All the patients were followed up. HSS scale was recorded and analyzed. Results All cases were followed up for eight to 22 months. The excellent and good rale was 90. 3%. HSS score was (80. 74 ±5. 45)in average. The average operation time of single knee was (74. 5 ± 5. 8) min. No infection was ocurred. No osteolysis, aseptic loosening or dislocation of polyethylene pad was revealed from post-operative X-ray films. All patients were satisfied. The maximum flexion of knee was 130 degrees. Conclusions DELUXE prosthesis is a good design, which referenced the anatomic data of the Chinese people's knees. It is simple for manipulation. The surface design of the polyethylene pad conduces to less wearing and tearing. It can get better cover of the osteotomy section. REVOLU system is a new method for the osteotomy of distal femur, which can obtain five facets by one step in TKA. This system can provide a better conformity between the prosthesis and distal femur, and reduce the operation time. The preliminary clinical outcome is superior and these two devices need further investigation.%目的 探讨选用DELUXE假体及REVOLU截骨器行膝关节置换术的近期结果.方法 对2008年2月至2009 年 4月,本组采用后稳定型固定衬垫DELUXE假体及REVOLU五合一截骨安装系统行TKA的26例31侧膝关节病变患者进行临床随访、分析.结果 随访时间8~22个月,平均12.5个月.全组优良率为90.3%,HSS评分平均为(80.74±5.45)分;单侧手术时间为(74.5±5.8)min,术后切口均Ⅰ期愈合,无深部感染.X线检查证实未发现有骨溶解、假体松动或衬垫脱位等并发症.患者主观感觉满意.结论 DELUXE膝关节假体是根据国人

  17. 针刺肘缝穴配合手法治疗膝关节鹅足滑囊炎临床研究%Clinical Study on Treatment of Knee Anserine Bursitis by Acupuncture on Zhoufeng Point and Manipulation Therapy

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    侯志

    2016-01-01

    目的:观察针刺肘缝穴配合手法治疗膝关节鹅足滑囊炎的临床疗效。方法:86例膝关节鹅足滑囊炎患者随机分为观察组和对照组各43例,观察组采用针刺肘缝穴配合手法治疗,对照组采用双氯芬酸二乙胺乳胶剂外用治疗,比较两组治疗前后Lysholm膝关节功能评分与鹅足囊处压痛压力值变化,评价临床疗效。结果:两组治疗后Lysholm膝关节功能评分、鹅足囊处压痛压力值较治疗前均显著升高,差异有统计学意义(P<0.05);治疗后观察组的Lysholm膝关节功能评分、鹅足囊处压痛压力值均高于对照组,差异有统计学意义(P<0.05);总有效率观察组97.67%,对照组83.72%,两组疗效比较差异有统计学意义(P<0.05)。结论:针刺肘缝穴配合手法治疗膝关节鹅足滑囊炎疗效较好。%Objective:To observe the clinical curative effect of acupuncture on Zhoufeng point and manipu-lation therapy on treatment of knee anserine bursitis. Methods:A total of 86 patients with knee anserine bursitis were randomly divided into observation group and control group,with 43 cases in each group. The observation group was treated by acupuncture on Zhoufeng point and manipulation therapy. The control group was treated by Votalin emulsion inunction. The Lysholm knee function score and value of tenderness on anserine bursa of the two groups were observed,then the clinical curative effect of the two groups were e-valuated. Results:After treatment,the knee function score and value of tenderness on anserine bursa of the two groups were significantly increased. Compared with those before treatment ,the differences were statistical-ly significant(P<0.05). After treatment,the knee function score and value of tenderness on anserine bursa of the observation group was higher than those of the control group and the differences were statistically signif-icant ( P<0 . 05 ) . The total effective rate of the

  18. Soft tissue twisting injuries of the knee

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Magee, T.; Shapiro, M. [Neuroimaging Inst., Melbourne, FL (United States)

    2001-08-01

    Twisting injuries occur as a result of differential motion of different tissue types in injuries with some rotational force. These injuries are well described in brain injuries but, to our knowledge, have not been described in the musculoskeletal literature. We correlated the clinical examination and MR findings of 20 patients with twisting injuries of the soft tissues around the knee. Design and patients: We prospectively followed the clinical courses of 20 patients with knee injuries who had clinical histories and MR findings to suggest twisting injuries of the subcutaneous tissues. Patients with associated internal derangement of the knee (i.e., meniscal tears, ligamentous or bone injuries) were excluded from this study. MR findings to suggest twisting injuries included linear areas of abnormal dark signal on T1-weighted sequences and abnormal bright signal on T2-weighted or short tau inversion recovery (STIR) sequences and/or signal to suggest hemorrhage within the subcutaneous tissues. These MR criteria were adapted from those established for indirect musculotendinous junction injuries. Results: All 20 patients presented with considerable pain that suggested internal derangement on physical examination by the referring orthopedic surgeons. All presented with injuries associated with rotational force. The patients were placed on a course of protected weight-bearing of the affected extremity for 4 weeks. All patients had pain relief by clinical examination after this period of protected weight-bearing. Twisting injuries of the soft tissues can result in considerable pain that can be confused with internal derangement of the knee on physical examination. Soft tissue twisting injuries need to be recognized on MR examinations as they may be the cause of the patient's pain despite no MR evidence of internal derangement of the knee. The demonstration of soft tissue twisting injuries in a patient with severe knee pain but no documented internal derangement on MR

  19. Clinical nursing of local pressure cooling on controlling of joint swelling after knee arthroscopy%局部加压冷疗对控制膝关节镜术后关节肿胀的临床护理

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    朱春燕; 周婷

    2015-01-01

    目的:探讨局部加压冷疗对控制膝关节镜术后关节肿胀的临床护理效果。方法:收治行膝关节镜手术患者50例,随机分为对照组和试验组各25例。对照组予常规治疗及护理,同时予以传统冰袋冷疗;试验组给予AIRCAST加压冷疗装置局部加压冷疗。结果:试验组关节疼痛及肿胀程度均优于对照组,差异有统计学意义(P<0.05)。结论:与传统冷疗相比,膝关节镜治疗术后采用局部加压冷疗能有效减轻患者疼痛、消除关节肿胀。%Objective:To investigate the clinical nursing effect of local pressure cooling on controlling of joint swelling after knee arthroscopy.Methods:50 patients with knee arthroscopic operation were selected.They were randomly divided into the control group and the experimental group with 25 cases in each.The control group were received routine treatment and nursing,and also given the traditional ice cold therapy at the same time;However,the experimental group were given local pressure cooling therapy with AIRCAST cryotherapy and compression device.Results:The differences in joint pain and swelling degree were statistically significant between the two groups(P<0.05).Conclusion:Compared with the traditional therapy,given local cryotherapy after knee arthroscopy treatment can reduce the pain of patients more effectively,and it also can eliminate joint swelling.

  20. Is latero-medial patellar mobility related to the range of motion of the knee joint after total knee arthroplasty?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ota, Susumu; Nakashima, Takeshi; Morisaka, Ayako; Omachi, Takaaki; Ida, Kunio; Kawamura, Morio

    2010-12-01

    Diminished range of motion (ROM) of the knee joint after total knee arthroplasty (TKA) is thought to be related to reduced patellar mobility. This has not been confirmed clinically due to a lack of quantitative methods adequate for measuring patellar mobility. We investigated the relationship between patellar mobility by a reported quantitative method and knee joint ROM after TKA. Forty-nine patients [osteoarthritis--OA: 29 knees; rheumatoid arthritis--RA: 20 knees] were examined after TKA. Respective medial and lateral patellar mobility was measured 1 and 6 months postoperatively using a patellofemoral arthrometer (PFA). Knee joint ROM was also measured in each of those 2 sessions. Although the flexion and extension of the knee joints improved significantly from 1 to 6 months after TKA, the medial and lateral patellar displacements (LPDs) failed to improve during that same period. Moreover, only the changes in knee flexion and medial patellar displacement (MPD) between the two sessions were positively correlated (r = 0.31, p knee ROM after TKA.

  1. Highly conforming polyethylene inlays reduce the in vivo variability of knee joint kinematics after total knee arthroplasty.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Daniilidis, Kiriakos; Skwara, Adrian; Vieth, Volker; Fuchs-Winkelmann, Susanne; Heindel, Walter; Stückmann, Volker; Tibesku, Carsten O

    2012-08-01

    The use of highly conforming polyethylene inlays in total knee arthroplasty (TKA) provides improved anteroposterior stability. The aim of this fluoroscopic study was to investigate the in vivo kinematics during unloaded and loaded active extension with a highly conforming inlay and a flat inlay after cruciate retaining (CR) total knee arthroplasty (TKA). Thirty one patients (50 knees) received a fixed-bearing cruciate retaining total knee arthroplasty (Genesis II, Smith & Nephew, Schenefeld, Germany) for primary knee osteoarthritis. Twenty two of them received a flat polyethylene inlay (PE), nine a deep dished PE and 19 were in the control group (physiological knees). The mean age at the time of surgery was 62 years. Dynamic examination with fluoroscopy was performed to assess the "patella tendon angle" in relation to the knee flexion angle (measure of anteroposterior translation) and the "kinematic index" (measure of reproducibility). Fluoroscopy was performed under active extension and flexion, during unloaded movement, and under full weight bearing, simulated by step climbing. No significant difference was observed between both types of polyethylene inlay designs and the physiological knee during unloaded movement. Anteroposterior (AP) instability was found during weight-bearing movement. The deep-dish inlay resulted in lower AP translation and a non-physiological rollback. Neither inlay types could restore physiological kinematics of the knee. Despite the fact that deep dished inlays reduce the AP translation, centralisation of contact pressure results in non-physiological rollback. The influence of kinematic pattern variability on clinical results warrants further investigation.

  2. Older Adults without Radiographic Knee Osteoarthritis: Knee Alignment and Knee Range of Motion

    OpenAIRE

    Lissa Fahlman; Emmeline Sangeorzan; Nimisha Chheda; Daphne Lambright

    2014-01-01

    This study describes knee alignment and active knee range of motion (ROM) in a community-based group of 78-year old adults (n = 143) who did not have radiographic evidence of knee osteoarthritis in either knee (KL 0.001) than women with varus or...

  3. Walking ability following knee arthroplasty: a prospective pilot study of factors affecting the maximal walking distance in 18 patients before and 6 months after total knee arthroplasty.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rosenberg, N; Nierenberg, G; Lenger, R; Soudry, M

    2007-12-01

    Functional assessment of patients before and after prosthetic knee arthroplasty is based on clinical examination, which is usually summarized in various knee scores. The present study proposes a different and more subject orientated assessment for functional grading of these patients by measuring their maximal distance of walking ability, which is not apparent from the conventional outcome scores. Eighteen consecutive patients with knee osteoarthritis were evaluated for their knee and knee functional scores (The Knee Society clinical rating system) and for the maximal distance of their walking ability before and 6 months after knee arthroplasty. Specially designed walking ability grading was used for evaluation of walking on walkway. The pre- and post-operative knee scores and maximal walking distance and grading were statistically compared. A significant improvement in the knee and functional scores following surgery was observed. But the maximal walking ability grades and distances did not change significantly following surgery, showing a high relation between pre- and post-operative values. The limitation in post-operative walking was due to the revealed additional health disabilities, not related to the affected knee. Therefore we suggest that pre-operative evaluation of walking abilities should be taken into consideration both for patients' selection and timing of surgery and also for matching of patients' expectation from outcome of prosthetic knee arthroplasty.

  4. Effects of Progressive Resistance Strength Training on Knee Biomechanics During Single Leg Step-up in Persons with Mild Knee Osteoarthritis

    Science.gov (United States)

    McQuade, Kevin James; de Oliveira, Anamaria Siriani

    2011-01-01

    Background The goal of this study was to determine if increasing strength in primary knee extensors and flexors would directly affect net knee joint moments during a common functional task in persons with knee osteoarthritis. Methods An exploratory single sample clinical trial with pre-post treatment measures was used to study volunteers with clinical diagnosis of mild knee OA in one knee. Subjects participated in an individually supervised training program 3 times a week for eight weeks consisting of progressive resistive exercises for knee extensors and knee flexors. Pre and post training outcome assessments included: 1. Net internal knee joint moments, 2. Electromyography of primary knee extensors and flexors, and 3. Self-report measures of knee pain and function. The distribution of lower extremity joint moments as a percent of the total support moment was also investigated. Findings Pain, symptoms, activities of daily life, quality of life, stiffness, and function scores showed significant improvement following strength training. Knee internal valgus and hip internal rotation moments showed increasing but non-statistically significant changes post-training. There were no significant differences in muscle co-contraction activation of the Quadriceps and Hamstrings. Interpretations While exercise continues to be an important element of OA management, the results of this study suggest improvements in function, pain, and other symptoms, as a result of strength training may not be causally related to specific biomechanical changes in net joint moments. PMID:21514018

  5. Functional outcomes of uni-knee arthroplasty for medial compartment knee arthropathy in asian patients

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    To Wong

    2014-12-01

    Full Text Available Background: Uni-knee arthroplasty (UKA has shown better knee kinematics and motion that may better suit the activities of daily living in Eastern countries. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the functional outcomes of UKA for medial compartment knee arthropathy in Asian patients. Methods: The study cohort consisted of 48 patients with 51 UK A knees. Only one type of prosthesis was used and all components were cemented. Postoperative management included ambulation with weight bearing, range of motion, and muscle strengthening exercises as tolerated until full recovery. The average follow-up was 52.0 ± 24.0 (range 12-92 months. The evaluation included functional assessment, the Knee Society knee and functional scores, the International Knee Document Committee (IKDC subjective and objective scores, and radiographs of the knee. Results: The overall clinical outcomes of the knee showed the functional outcome of the knee to be normal in 51%, nearly normal in 37%, abnormal in 8%, and severely abnormal in 4%. The functional activities included stair climbing in 96%, squatting in 76%, jogging in 71% and kneeling in 47%. Three-quarters of the patients were able to kneel for daily activities. Approximately 98% of the patients were satisfied with the operation. The survivorship of the prosthesis was 98% with one revision pending. Radiographic evaluations revealed the components were centered in 82% and off-centered in 18%. Osteoarthritis was 22% preoperative and 27% postoperative for the patellofemoral compartment, and 0% before and 4% after surgery for the lateral compartment. The functional outcomes showed no difference between patients with and without patellofemoral arthritis. The complications included one component malposition and one knee pain of undetermined origin. Conclusions: UKA provides excellent pain relief and restoration of knee function including kneeling, squatting, and sit-to-stand activities that perfectly fit the oriental

  6. Application and clinical effect of rotating hinge knee prosthesis in primary complex total knee arthroplasty%旋转铰链型膝关节假体在复杂初次全膝关节置换术的应用和临床疗效

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张庆猛; 李恒; 宋俊雷; 李昕; 宋兴桂; 倪明; 柴伟; 陈继营

    2015-01-01

    目的:探讨旋转铰链型膝关节假体( RHK,Endo-model)在复杂的初次全膝关节置换术( TKA)中应用的临床疗效。方法2004年1月至2013年12月,选择解放军总医院骨科非骨肿瘤患者接受初次TKA采用旋转铰链型( RHK)( Endo-model,Link)膝关节假体78例患者82膝,男性患者33例,女性患者45例,平均年龄45.6岁(23~78岁);随访时间2.2~9.5年,平均4.5年。采用美国特种外科医院( HSS)膝关节功能评分评估患者功能,记录患者屈伸活动度,调查患者对手术满意度,分为非常满意、一般满意,不满意三个等级,并记录原因。采用SPSS 19.0统计软件进行统计学分析,术前和末次随访膝关节功能评分和关节屈伸活动度采用配对样本t检验,以P<0.05表示差异具有统计学意义。结果 HSS功能评分由术前平均(35±5)分提高至末次随访平均(78±21)分,膝关节功能明显好转(t=5.8,P<0.05)。膝关节屈伸活动度由术前平均(46±8)°提高至末次随访(73±8)°,差异具有统计学意义(t=2.7,P<0.05)。在随访的78例患者中有67例患者(85.90%)患者对手术效果非常满意,5例患者一般满意,尚有6例患者因出现严重的并发症对手术效果不满意。并发症总体发生率15.9%。结论旋转铰链型假体在初次复杂TKA置换中期随访满意,临床应用需严格把握适应证。%Objective To investigate the clinical effect of the rotating hinge knee prosthesis (RHK) (Endo-model, Link) in the primary complex total knee arthroplasty (TKA).Methods From January 2004 to December 2013, Endo-model rotating hinge implants were used in 82 knees of 78 patients in primary TKA, including 33 men and 45 women.The mean age was 45 years (23-78 years), and the follow-up time was 2.2-9.5 years, 4.5 years in average.The hospital for special surgery scoring system ( HSS

  7. The pain-relieving qualities of exercise in knee osteoarthritis

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Susko AM

    2013-10-01

    Full Text Available Allyn M Susko, G Kelley Fitzgerald Department of Physical Therapy, University of Pittsburgh, Pittsburgh, PA, USA Abstract: The purpose of this review article is to explore the role of therapeutic exercise in managing the pain associated with knee osteoarthritis (OA. Therapeutic exercise is often recommended as a first-line conservative treatment for knee OA, and current evidence supports exercise as an effective pain-relieving intervention. We explore the current state of evidence for exercise as a pain-relieving intervention for knee OA. Next, the mechanisms by which knee OA pain occurs and the potential ways in which exercise may act on those mechanisms are discussed. Clinical applicability and future research directions are suggested. Although evidence demonstrates that exercise reduces knee OA pain, optimal exercise mode and dosage have not been determined. In addition, it is not clearly understood whether exercise provides pain relief via peripheral or central mechanisms or a combination of both. Published clinical trials have explored a variety of interventions, but these interventions have not been specifically designed to target pain pathways. Current evidence strongly supports exercise as a pain-relieving option for those with knee OA. Future research needs to illuminate the mechanisms by which exercise reduces the pain associated with knee OA and the development of therapeutic exercise interventions to specifically target these mechanisms. Keywords: knee, OA, exercise, pain

  8. Analysis of clinical effect of arthroscopic surgery in osteoarthrosis of knee%膝关节骨关节病应用关节镜手术疗效临床分析

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    吴健; 姚力; 王兵; 马克勇

    2015-01-01

    Objective To analyze the clinical effect of arthroscopic surgery in osteoarthrosis of knee. Methods 60 patients with osteoarthrosis of knee were selected in our hospital as the research object and were divided into two groups based on the different treatment nethods,with 30 cases in each group.To observe and to compare the clinical effect of patients in control group who were treated with conservative treatment,such as physical therapy,drug,and Chinese medicine and so on,and patients in observation group who were treated with arthroscopic surgery. Results Clinical results showed that,the total effective rate in observation group was better than which in control group, the change of postoperative score in observation group was better than which in control group,the differences were statically significant(P<0.05). Conclusion Arthroscopic surgery in the treatment of osteoarthrosis of knee has less trauma,faster rehabilitation,less complication,has significant clinical effect,is worthy of popularization and application.%目的:分析并研究膝关节骨关节病应用关节镜手术临床疗效。方法将我院膝关节骨关节病患者60例作为研究对象,按其治疗方法分成两组,每组30例。对照组患者实施保守治疗,比如:理疗、药物、中医中药等,观察组患者借助关节镜手术进行治疗,观察、比较两组患者临床治疗结果。结果临床结果显示,观察组患者治疗总有效率优于对照组,差异有统计学意义(P<0.05);且观察组术后评分变化情况优于对照组,差异有统计学意义(P<0.05)。结论对膝关节骨关节病患者借助关节镜手术进行治疗,创伤小、康复快、并发症少,临床效果显著,值得推广应用。

  9. ESB Clinical Biomechanics Award 2008: Complete data of total knee replacement loading for level walking and stair climbing measured in vivo with a follow-up of 6-10 months.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Heinlein, Bernd; Kutzner, Ines; Graichen, Friedmar; Bender, Alwina; Rohlmann, Antonius; Halder, Andreas M; Beier, Alexander; Bergmann, Georg

    2009-05-01

    Detailed information about the loading of the knee joint is required for various investigations in total knee replacement. Up to now, gait analysis plus analytical musculo-skeletal models were used to calculate the forces and moments acting in the knee joint. Currently, all experimental and numerical pre-clinical tests rely on these indirect measurements which have limitations. The validation of these methods requires in vivo data; therefore, the purpose of this study was to provide in vivo loading data of the knee joint. A custom-made telemetric tibial tray was used to measure the three forces and three moments acting in the implant. This prosthesis was implanted into two subjects and measurements were obtained for a follow-up of 6 and 10 months, respectively. Subjects performed level walking and going up and down stairs using a self-selected comfortable speed. The subjects' activities were captured simultaneously with the load data on a digital video tape. Customized software enabled the display of all information in one video sequence. The highest mean values of the peak load components from the two subjects were as follows: during level walking the forces were 276%BW (percent body weight) in axial direction, 21%BW (medio-lateral), and 29%BW (antero-posterior). The moments were 1.8%BW*m in the sagittal plane, 4.3%BW*m (frontal plane) and 1.0%BW*m (transversal plane). During stair climbing the axial force increased to 306%BW, while the shear forces changed only slightly. The sagittal plane moment increased to 2.4%BW*m, while the frontal and transversal plane moments decreased slightly. Stair descending produced the highest forces of 352%BW (axial), 35%BW (medio-lateral), and 36%BW (antero-posterior). The sagittal and frontal plane moments increased to 2.8%BW*m and 4.6%BW*m, respectively, while the transversal plane moment changed only slightly. Using the data obtained, mechanical simulators can be programmed according to realistic load profiles. Furthermore

  10. The Clinical Study on Arthroscope Combined with limited Open Treating Knee Multiple Ligament Injury%关节镜结合有限切开治疗膝关节多韧带损伤

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    彭永海; 张青松; 李烨; 胡勇; 汤洁

    2012-01-01

    目的:探讨应用关节镜结合有限切开治疗膝关节多韧带损伤的方法和近期疗效.方法:膝关节多韧带损伤患者25例,采用关节镜下异体胫前肌腱重建前后交叉韧带,同时有限切开修复关节周围韧带,处理合并的半月板软骨损伤.术前按照国际膝关节文献委员会(IKDC)综合评价患膝功能均为D级,Lysholm评分平均为(35.0±1.4)分.结果:25例患者术后获24~30个月(平均27.4个月)随访,患膝功能均明显改善.末次随访时IKDC综合评价结果:A级10个(40%),B级12个(48%),C级3个(12%),Lysholm评分平均为(92±1.8)分,与术前相比差异有统计学意义(P<0.01).结论:关节镜下同种异体胫前肌腱重建前后交叉韧带结合有限切开修复关节周围韧带,可以明显改善膝关节功能,临床疗效较好.%Objective:To discuss the treatment methods and short term effect of arthroscope combined with limited open treating knee joint multiple ligament injury. Method:25 cases of ACL and PCL injury were reconstructed with anterior tibial tendon allograft under arthroscope, while repaired the ligaments around the knee and meniscus cartilage through mini - open approach. According to the International Knee Documentation Committee (IKDC) standard, the knee function was class D and Lysholm average score was (35 ± 1.4) before operation. Results:After surgery the 25 patients were followed - up about 24 - 30 months (average 27. 4 months), The knee function of all patients were improved significantly. At termination of follow-up, IKDC score was graded as A in ten cases (40%) , B in twelve cases (48%) , and C in threee cases (12%). Lysholm average score was (92±1. 8). Compared with preoperation, the IKDC and Lysholm score showed significant changes (P<0. 01). Conclusion:Reconstruction of ACL and PCL with anterior tibial tendon allograft under Arthros-copy through mini-open approach can significantly improve the knee function The clinical efficacy is better.

  11. 膝关节周围骨折术后早期康复训练的临床分析%Clinical analysis of early rehabilitation treatment after operation of bone fractures around the knee joint

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王森

    2011-01-01

    Objective: To Investigate the effect of early rehabilitation treatment after operation of bone fractures around the knee joint. Methods: 80 cases after operation of bone fractures around the knee joint clinical data were collected, which were randomly divided into control group and observation group, 40 cases in each group. The traditional methods of rehabilitation was given in the control group, while early rehabilitation training was given in observation group. Then, the curative effect, knee-joint ROM and Lysholm score were compared. Results: In the control group, 20 cases were excellent, 10 cases were good, the excellent and good rate was 75.0%; In the observation group, 32 cases were excellent, 7 cases were good, the excellent and good rate was 97.5%, there was a significant difference between the two groups (P<0.05). The knee-joint ROM and Lysholm score in observation group were higher than the control group, there were significant, differences between the two groups (P<0.01). Conclusion: Early rehabilitation treatment after operation of bone fractures around the knee joint can improve the efficacy of operation, which is helpful for recoveiy of knee function in patients. It is worthy of popularization.%目的:探讨膝关节周围骨折术后早期康复训练的临床疗效.方法:收集本院80例膝关节周围骨折术后患者的临床资料,将其随机分为对照组和观察组,每组各40例,对照组给予传统的康复方法,观察组给予早期康复训练,比较两组患者的疗效、膝关节活动范围(ROM)和Lysholm评分.结果:对照组优20例,良10例,优良率为75.0%;观察组优32例,良7例,优良率为97.5%,两组间比较差异有统计学意义(P<0.05);观察组患者的膝关节ROM和Lysholm评分明显好于对照组,两组间比较差异有高度统计学意义(P<0.01).结论:膝关节周围骨折术后进行早期康复训练能提高手术疗效,有利于患者膝关节功能的恢复,值得推广应用.

  12. A low-fat yoghurt supplemented with a rooster comb extract on muscle joint function in adults with mild knee pain: a randomized, double blind, parallel, placebo-controlled, clinical trial of efficacy.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Solà, Rosa; Valls, Rosa-Maria; Martorell, Isabel; Giralt, Montserrat; Pedret, Anna; Taltavull, Núria; Romeu, Marta; Rodríguez, Àurea; Moriña, David; Lopez de Frutos, Victor; Montero, Manuel; Casajuana, Maria-Carmen; Pérez, Laura; Faba, Jenny; Bernal, Gloria; Astilleros, Anna; González, Roser; Puiggrós, Francesc; Arola, Lluís; Chetrit, Carlos; Martinez-Puig, Daniel

    2015-11-01

    Preliminary results suggested that oral-administration of rooster comb extract (RCE) rich in hyaluronic acid (HA) was associated with improved muscle strength. Following these promising results, the objective of the present study was to evaluate the effect of low-fat yoghurt supplemented with RCE rich in HA on muscle function in adults with mild knee pain; a symptom of early osteoarthritis. Participants (n = 40) received low-fat yoghurt (125 mL d(-1)) supplemented with 80 mg d(-1) of RCE and the placebo group (n = 40) consumed the same yoghurt without the RCE, in a randomized, controlled, double-blind, parallel trial over 12 weeks. Using an isokinetic dynamometer (Biodex System 4), RCE consumption, compared to control, increased the affected knee peak torque, total work and mean power at 180° s(-1), at least 11% in men (p yoghurt supplemented with RCE could be a dietary tool to improve muscle strength in men, associated with possible clinical significance. However, further studies are needed to elucidate reasons for these sex difference responses observed, and may provide further insight into muscle function.

  13. Knee MRI scan

    Science.gov (United States)

    MRI - knee ... radiologist see certain areas more clearly. During the MRI, the person who operates the machine will watch ... less anxious. Your provider may suggest an "open" MRI, in which the machine is not as close ...

  14. Runners knee (image)

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... forces on the knee, such as a misaligned patella. Chondromalacia is treated with rest or immobilization and nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs for pain. Physical therapy, especially ... alignment of the patella that cannot be corrected with therapy.

  15. Osteotomy of the knee

    Science.gov (United States)

    Proximal tibial osteotomy; Lateral closing wedge osteotomy; High tibial osteotomy; Distal femoral osteotomy ... There are two types of surgery: Tibial osteotomy is surgery done on ... osteotomy is surgery done on the thigh bone above the knee ...

  16. Total Knee Replacement

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... walking, swimming, golf, driving, light hiking, biking, ballroom dancing, and other low-impact sports. With appropriate activity ... help prevent leg swelling and blood clots. Physical Therapy Most patients begin exercising their knee the day ...

  17. Partial knee replacement

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... al. American Academy of Orthopaedic Surgeons. Treatment of osteoarthritis of the knee (nonarthroplasty). J Am Acad ... Ma, MD, Professor, Chief, Sports Medicine and Shoulder Service, UCSF Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, San Francisco, ...

  18. Clinical curative effect observation of warm needle moxibustion treatment knee osteoarthritis with kidney-yang deficiency and cold type%温针灸治疗虚寒型膝骨关节炎临床疗效观察

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    杨文彩

    2015-01-01

    目的:探讨温针灸与毫针针刺治疗虚寒型膝骨关节炎的临床疗效。方法选取2012年3月~2014年3月所收治的虚寒型膝骨关节炎患者156例,分为温针灸组和毫针针刺组,每组各78例,均采取相同穴位,对比两组患者治疗依从性及临床疗效。结果温针灸组患者中,显效51例、有效24例、总有效率为96.2%,明显高于毫针针刺组的29例、24例及67.9%,温针灸组临床疗效更佳,结果具有统计学意义(P<0.05)。结论温针灸具有加强针感的作用,治疗虚寒型膝骨关节炎疗效显著优于单纯针刺治疗,且经济实惠,值得临床推广应用。%Objective To explore the effects and functions of warm needle moxibustion on knee osteoarthritis with kidney-yang deficiency and cold type. Methods 156 patients with knee osteoarthritis with kidney-yang deficiency and cold type selection of our department in 2012,March-2014 year in March from patients,divided into warm needle moxibustion group and acupuncture group,78 cases in each group,all take the same point,compliance and clinical efficacy in the treatment of the two groups were compared.Results warm needle moxibustion group,51 cases markedly effective,effective in 24 cases,the total effective rate was 96.2%,significantly higher than the acupuncture group of 29 cases,24 cases and 67.9%,temperature and clinical therapeutic effect of warm needle moxibustion group is better,the results were statistically significant(P<0.05).Conclusion warm needle moxibustion has strengthen a needle feeling function,curative effect of treating knee osteoarthritis of deficiency cold type is significantly better than simple acupuncture,and the economic benefits,it is worthy of clinical application.

  19. Prevalent knee pain and sport

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Hahn, Thomas; Foldspang, Anders

    1998-01-01

    STUDY OBJECTIVE: To estimate the prevalence of knee pain in active athletes and to investigate potential associations to type, amount and duration of sports participation. MEASUREMENTS: 339 athletes gave information about occupation, sports activity and different features of knee pain, based...... on a self-filled questionnaire. MAIN RESULTS: The prevalence of knee pain within the preceding 12 months, constant or recurrent knee pain, absence from sport and absence from work due to knee pain, was 54%, 34%, 19% and 4%, respectively. Knee pain was positively associated with years of jogging...... and with weekly hours of participation in competitive gymnastics but negatively with weekly hours of tennis. Constant or recurrent knee pain was positively associated with years of swimming. Absence from sport due to knee pain was positively associated with weekly hours of soccer participation. CONCLUSIONS: Knee...

  20. [Imaging and preoperative planning for osteotomies around the knee].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Pape, D; Hoffmann, A; Seil, R

    2017-08-01

    Physiologic alignment of the human lower leg is well defined. The etiology for malalignment comprises constitutional, degenerative and posttraumatic conditions. Osteotomies around the knee can correct the malalignment, provided that the origin of deviation is in proximity of the knee center. Crucial factors for the evaluation of axis deviation are the weight-bearing line, the mechanical axes of femur and tibia, the joint line angles and the center of the hip, knee and upper ankle joint. Careful preoperative planning is mandatory for reproducible clinical results. For the treatment of varus osteoarthritis of the knee, a slight overcorrection to the 62% width of the lateral tibial plateau is frequently advocated. In valgus knees, a correction of the postoperative weight-bearing line to physiologic conditions (44% of the lateral tibial width) is regarded to be sufficient. Recently, individualized planning of the correction angle is advocated to better address the underlying pathology of each patient.

  1. Early knee osteoarthritis management should first address mechanical joint overload

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Elizabeth A. Arendt

    2014-03-01

    Full Text Available Early knee osteoarthritis poses a therapeutic dilemma to the musculoskeletal clinician. Despite the recent interest in arthroscopic and injectable regenerative therapies intended to repair or restore a focal target such as cartilage, meniscus, or subchondral bone, none have been shown to slow disease progression. A likely cause of these disappointing treatment outcomes is the failure to address chronic and excessive loading of the knee joint. A growing body of evidence suggests that first-line therapies for early knee osteoarthritis should emphasize unloading the knee joint since any potential therapeutic benefit of regenerative therapies will likely be attenuated by excessive mechanical demand at the knee joint. Minimally invasive medical devices such as patient-specific interpositional implants and extracapsular joint unloading implants are currently in development to address this clinical need.

  2. Effectiveness of balance exercises in the acute post-operative phase following total hip and knee arthroplasty: A randomized clinical trial

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Pankaj Jogi

    2015-02-01

    Full Text Available Objectives: To determine the effectiveness of balance exercises in the acute post-operative phase following total hip arthroplasty or total knee arthroplasty. Methods: Patients who had total hip arthroplasty (n = 30 or total knee arthroplasty (n = 33 were seen in their residence 1–2 times per week for 5 weeks. At the first post-operative home visit, patients were randomly assigned to either typical (TE, n = 33 or typical plus balance (TE + B, n = 30 exercise groups. The TE group completed seven typical surgery-specific joint range-of-motion and muscle strengthening exercises, while the TE + B group completed the typical exercises plus three balance exercises. Patients were assessed before and 5 weeks after administering the rehabilitation program using four outcome measures: (1 the Berg Balance Scale, (2 the Timed Up and Go test, (3 the Western Ontario McMaster Universities Osteoarthritis Index, and (4 the Activities-specific Balance Confidence Scale. Results: Post-intervention scores for all four outcome measures were significantly improved (p < 0.01 over baseline scores. Patients who participated in the TE + B group demonstrated significantly greater improvement on the Berg Balance Scale and the Timed Up and Go tests (p < 0.01. Conclusion: Balance exercises added to a typical rehabilitation program resulted in significantly greater improvements in balance and functional mobility compared to typical exercises alone.

  3. Clinical trial of {sup 165}Dy-HMA and {sup 166}Ho-CHICO in the treatment of Rheumatoid knee synovitis

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Kim, S. Y.; Yoo, D. H.; Bae, S. C.; Jun, J. B. [Hanyang University, Seoul (Korea, Republic of); Lim, S. M.; Hong, S. W.; Lee, S. Y.; Cheon, D. G.; Kim, S. J. [Korea Cancer Center Hospital, Seoul (Korea, Republic of)

    1997-07-01

    The untreated, chronic synovial inflammation leads to pannus formation and eventual destruction of the articular cartilage. In cases where medical therapy was unsuccessful, surgical or radiation synovectomy is necessary especially in the knee joints. The advantages of radiation synovectomy over surgical synovectomy are (1) greater destruction of diseased synovium, (2) reduced potential for blood clots and infection, (3) no requirement for anesthesia, and (4) less costly and less time consuming. Recently KAERI developed Dy-165 HMA, which was characterized by the absence of iron and a higher concentration of dysprosium. And then more recently KAERI also developed {sup 166}Ho-CHICO, which was characterized by relatively longer half-life(26.8 hr), more biological due to organic nature of chitosan, more even spatial distribution due to colloidal solution and more absorbable to synovium than Dy-165 HMA. We studied to evaluate the efficacy and safety of radiation synovectomy with Dy-165 HMA and {sup 166}Ho-CHICO in chronic rheumatoid synovitis with knee. The present study indicates that the Dy-165 HMA and {sup 166}Ho-CHICO are an effective and safe agent for radiation synovectomy. But further large scaled long-term follow up study and controlled study with steroid only are required. 15 refs. (author)

  4. 通经活利汤治疗膝关节滑膜炎的临床研究%Clinical study on the curative effect and safety of TONGJING HUOLI decoction in knee synovitis

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王战朝; 杜志谦; 闫永昌; 张晓强; 尚延春; 孟庆阳

    2012-01-01

    To observe the curative effect and safety of TONGJING HUOLI decoction in knee synovitis. Methods;Two hundred and twenty patients with knee synovitis were randomly divided into 2 groups, 120 cases in the experimental group,while the others in the control group. Patients in the experimental group were administrated with TONGJING HUOLI decoction, while the others in the control group were administrated with Nabumetone capsules. After 28 days treatment, the curative effects were evaluated according to the self-designed scoring scale of signs and symptoms. Meantime,the gastrointestinal reactions of patients occurred during the treatment period were observed and recorded. Results:The clinical curative effect of experimental group was belter than that of control group( Z = - 8. 992, P = 0.000). During the treatment period, 1 case with gastrointestinal reaction was found in experimental group,while 16 cases with gastrointestinal reactions were found in control group. Incidence of adverse reactions of experimental group was lower than that of control group (x2 = 17. 597,P =0.000). Conclusion;TONGJING HUOLI decoction can significantly relieve knee clinical symptoms for the patients with knee synovitis and enhance knee function. Furthermore,its curative effect is better than that of Nabumetone capsules,and its adverse reactions are less than that of non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs.%目的:观察通经活利汤治疗膝关节滑膜炎的临床疗效和安全性.方法:采用随机数字表将符合要求的220例膝关节滑膜炎患者随机分为2组,实验组120例,对照组100例.实验组患者采用通经活利汤治疗,对照组患者口服萘丁美酮胶囊,治疗28 d后按照自拟的症状体征分级量化评分表对2组患者进行疗效评定,同时观察记录2组患者治疗期间发生胃肠道反应的情况.结果:①临床疗效.实验组临床疗效优于对照组(Z=-8.992,P=0.000).②安全性.在治疗期间实验组1例

  5. Taking care of your new knee joint

    Science.gov (United States)

    Knee arthroplasty - precautions; Knee replacement - precautions ... After you have knee replacement surgery , you will need to be careful about how you move your knee, especially for the first few ...

  6. Study on the Relationship Between TCM Syndrome Types and Common Clinical Indexes of Knee Osteoarthritis%膝骨关节炎中医证型与常见临床指标之间的关系研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    潘雪; 王伟钢

    2016-01-01

    目的:通过对既往病例的研究,运用统计方法观察膝骨关节炎中医辨证分型与常见临床指标如C-反应蛋白、红细胞沉降率、X线检查之间的关系,为临床工作提供新的参考。方法:选取115例膝骨关节炎患者归档病历作为研究对象,依据证候诊断标准对患者进行辨证分型,统计膝骨关节炎的证型分布规律,并分析膝骨关节炎患者中医辨证分型与临床观察指标之间的关系。结果:①构成比:风寒湿痹证占46.96%(54/115),风湿热痹证占13.04%(15/115),瘀血痹阻证占25.22%(29/115),肝肾亏虚证占14.78%(17/115)。②各证型临床指标之间的差异均无统计学意义(P >0.05),风湿热痹证的C-反应蛋白和红细胞沉降率及瘀血痹阻证的C-反应蛋白均值较高,肝肾亏虚证的影像学分级较高。结论:常见临床指标如C-反应蛋白、红细胞沉降率、X线检查等可以为膝骨关节炎的中医辨证分型提供一定的依据。%Objective:By studying previous cases to observe the relationship between TCM Syndrome Types and common clinical indexes of knee osteoarthritis such as C-reactive protein,erythrocyte sedimentation rate and X-ray examination in order to provide a new reference for clinical work.Methods:A syndrome differentiation-classiifcation was made for archived 115 cases of knee osteoarthritis,making the syndrome distribution statistics of knee osteoarthritis and analyzing the relationship between TCM Syndrome Types and common clinical indexes. Results:①The constituent ratio:Wind-cold-damp bi syndrome accounted for 46.96%(54/115),rheumatic fever bi syndrome accounted for 13.04%(15/115),blood stasis bi syndrome accounted for 25.22%(29/115),and liver and kidney deficiency syndrome accounted for 14.78%(17/115).②The differences between various types of clinical indicators were not statistically significant(P> 0.05).C-reactive protein and erythrocyte

  7. Ultrasonographic Findings in Hemiplegic Knees of Stroke Patients

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Chao-Pin Yang

    2005-02-01

    Full Text Available Clinical and radiologic asymmetric arthritic differences between paralyzed and nonparalyzed limbs of stroke patients have been reported. Arthritic pathology aggravates motor dysfunction and compromises rehabilitation. Musculoskeletal ultrasonography plays an important role in showing soft tissue and the articular cartilage of the knee. Fifty-nine patients with either ischemic or hemorrhagic stroke-induced right or left hemiplegia were recruited to evaluate soft-tissue and intra-articular cartilage changes in hemiplegic knees of stroke patients using ultrasonography. An additional 15 subjects (30 knees without knee disease or a history of knee trauma or surgery were used as controls. There were significant differences in suprapatellar effusion and patellar tendinitis between hemiplegic and nonhemiplegic knees. Suprapatellar effusion and pes anserinus tendinitis were correlated with Brunnstrom stage. The length of time since stroke onset was not significantly correlated with positive ultrasonographic findings in hemiplegic knees. In conclusion, ultrasonography is useful for detecting periarticular soft-tissue changes and intra-articular lesions in hemiplegic knees of stroke patients.

  8. Does post-operative knee awareness differ between knees in bilateral simultaneous total knee arthroplasty?

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Nielsen, Katrine Abildgaard; Thomsen, Morten Grove; Latifi Yaghin, Roshan;

    2016-01-01

    PURPOSE: To evaluate the difference in post-operative knee awareness between knees in patients undergoing bilateral simultaneous total knee arthroplasty (TKA) and to assess factors predicting high or low knee awareness. METHODS: This study was conducted on 99 bilateral simultaneous TKAs performed...... at our institution from 2008 to 2012. All patients received one set of questionnaires [Forgotten Joint Score (FJS) and Oxford Knee Score (OKS)] for each knee. Based on the FJS, the patients' knees were divided into two groups: "best" and "worst" knees. The median of the absolute difference in FJS and OKS...... within each patient was calculated. Multivariate linear regression was performed to identify factors affecting FJS. RESULTS: The difference between knees was 1 point (CI 0-5) for the FJS and 1 point (CI 0-2) for the OKS. The FJS for females increased (decreasing awareness) with increasing age. Males had...

  9. Medium-term evaluation of total knee arthroplasty without patellar replacement

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    José Wanderley Vasconcelos

    2013-06-01

    Full Text Available OBJECTIVE: To mid-term evaluate patients who were submitted to total knee arthroplasty without patellar resurfacing. METHODS: It was realized a retrospective cross-sectional study of patients who were submitted to total knee arthroplasty without patellar resurfacing. In all patients clinical examination was done based on the protocol of the Knee Society Scoring System, which assessed pain, range of motion, stability, contraction, knee alignment and function, and radiological evaluation. RESULTS: A total of 36 patients were evaluated. Of these, 07 were operated only on left knee, 12 only on right knee and 17 were operated bilaterally, totaling 53 knees. Ages ranged from 26 to 84 years. Of the 53 knees evaluated, 33 (62.26% had no pain. The maximum flexion range of motion averaged 104.7°. No knee had difficulty in active extension. As to the alignment for anatomical axis twelve knees (22.64% showed deviation between 0° and 4° varus. Thirty-nine (75.49% knees showed pace without restriction and the femorotibial angle ranged between 3° varus and 13° valgus with an average of 5° valgus. The patellar index ranged from 0.2 to 1.1. CONCLUSION: Total knee arthroplasty whitout patellar resurfacing provides good results in mid-term evaluation.

  10. 足阳明经筋型膝骨关节炎临床影像学研究%Retrospective Study on Clinical and Imaging Features of Foot-Yangming Meridian-muscle Syndrome of Knee Osteoarthritis

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    陈宇; 杨林; 吴煊

    2016-01-01

    【目的】探讨足阳明经筋型膝骨关节炎(KOA)的临床影像学特征,进一步完善经筋理论的科学内涵。【方法】选取足阳明经筋型KOA病例31例(31个膝关节)为足阳明经筋型KOA组(研究组),健康体检者31例(31个健康膝关节)为空白对照组(空白组),进行基于髌股关系的临床影像学回顾性研究。【结果】2组Insall指数及髌骨指数比较,差异均无统计学意义(P>0.05);但2组髌股指数、髌股协调角与外侧髌骨角度比较,差异均有统计学意义(P <0.01)。【结论】髌股关系紊乱是足阳明经筋型KOA的主要病变特征之一。%Objective To investigate the clinical and imaging features of Foot-Yangming meridian-muscle syndrome of knee osteoarthritis(KOA) so as to promote the normalization and standardization of the meridian-muscle therapies. Methods A total of 31 KOA cases (involving 31 knees) of Foot-Yangming meridian-muscle syndrome were included into the study group , and 31 healthy volunteers (involving 31 knees) served as the control group. A retrospective research of patellofemoral relationship was carried out based on the clinical and imaging features. Results The differences of Insall index and patella index between the study group and control group were insignificant(P> 0 . 05), but the differences of patellofemoral index , patellofemoral congruence angle, and external patellar angle between the study group and control group were significant(P<0.01). Conclusion The patellofemoral relationship disorder is one of main lesions in Foot-Yangming meridian-muscle syndrome of KOA.

  11. Ultrasound imaging for the rheumatologist XXX. Sonographic assessment of the painful knee.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Meenagh, G; Filippucci, E; Delle Sedie, A; Iagnocco, A; Scirè, C A; Riente, L; Montecucco, C; Valesini, G; Bombardieri, S; Grassi, W

    2010-01-01

    The knee joint is a frequent focus of attention for rheumatologists when assessing patients presenting to a clinic and may represent underlying intra-articular inflammatory pathology or involvement of the surrounding soft tissues. This study describes the correlation between clinical and ultrasound findings in patients presenting with a variety of rheumatic disorders and knee pain. US imaging provides for a sensitive and detailed identification of different intra- and peri-articular pathology responsible for knee pain.

  12. Viscoelastic properties of soft tissues: application to knee ligaments and tendons

    OpenAIRE

    1997-01-01

    Ligaments play a central role in the stability of the knee. Due to the increase in sport activities of the young population, rupture of the anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) has become a frequent clinical problem. A surgical procedure replacing the deficient ligament is performed to restore the knee's initial stability. Although this surgical technique is widespread and well established, long term clinical results are inconsistent and the stability of the knee is not always restored, leading t...

  13. Viscoelastic properties of soft tissues: application to knee ligaments and tendons

    OpenAIRE

    2005-01-01

    Ligaments play a central role in the stability of the knee. Due to the increase in sport activities of the young population, rupture of the anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) has become a frequent clinical problem. A surgical procedure replacing the deficient ligament is performed to restore the knee's initial stability. Although this surgical technique is widespread and well established, long term clinical results are inconsistent and the stability of the knee is not always restored, leading t...

  14. Pathology of the region of the knee

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Aufdermaur, M.

    1981-09-01

    Radiological, clinical and pathologic-anatomical findings seen in four types of disorders of the region of the knee jointare described. An attempt is made to explain the clinical symptomatology on the basis of pathologic-anatomical findings. It is demonstrated that the histology of a giant cell neoplasm does not permit conclusions as to prognosis. Etiology and pathogenesis of villonodular synovitis and of chondrocalcinosis are unexplained. Pathologic-anatomical findings of chondromalacia patellae are those of early osteoarthrosis.

  15. Ultrasonographic assessment of pes anserinus tendon and pes anserinus tendinitis bursitis syndrome in patients with knee osteoarthritis.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Toktas, Hasan; Dundar, Umit; Adar, Sevda; Solak, Ozlem; Ulasli, Alper Murat

    2015-01-01

    The aim of this study was to assess the ultrasonographic (US) findings of pes anserinus tendon and bursa in patients with knee osteoarthritis (OA) with or without clinical pes anserinus tendinitis bursitis syndrome (PATBS). A total of 157 female patients with the diagnosis of knee OA on both knees (314 knees), and 30 age, and body mass index- matched healthy female controls without knee pain (60 knees), were included in the study. PATBS was clinically diagnosed. US evaluation parameters were the measurement of the thickness of pes anserinus tendon insertion region (PA) and examination of the morphologic intratendinous PA tissue characteristics and pes anserinus bursitis (PAB). Radiographic knee osteoarthritis graded I-IV according to Kellgren and Lawrence (KL) for each knee was recorded. Pain and functional status were assessed by the Visual Analog Scale (VAS) and Western Ontario and McMaster Universities Osteoarthritis Index (WOMAC). There were 183 PATBS (58.3%) clinical diagnoses among the 314 knees with OA. The mean thickness of PA in the patients with knee OA graded 1,2,3,4 with/without PATBS was significantly greater than the controls (p = 0.001). The mean thickness of PA in knees with OA KL graded 3 and 4 with/without PATBS, was greater than knees with OA KL graded 1 and 2 with/without PATBS (p < 0,05) (except knee OA KL graded 2 with PATBS versus knee OA KL graded 4 without PATBS).The knee OA KL graded 1,2,3,4 with PATBS had significantly more PAB and less loss of normal fibrillar echotexture of PA compared to controls and knees with OA KL graded 1,2,3,4 without PATBS (p < 0.05). The VAS scores of knees with OA KL graded 3, 4 with PATBS were significantly greater than those of knees with OA KL graded 3,4 without PATBS (p < 0.05). PA thickness was significantly associated with the KL grade (r: 0.336, p:0.001) and PATBS (r: 0.371, p < 0.001). It is concluded that the mean thickness of PA in knees with OA with/without PATBS was significantly greater than the

  16. Association of knee pain and different definitions of knee osteoarthritis with health-related quality of life

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Kiadaliri, A. A.; Lamm, C.J.; Gerhardsson de Verdier, Maria

    2016-01-01

    Background: While the impact of knee pain and knee osteoarthritis (OA) on health-related quality of life (HRQoL) has been investigated in the literature, there is a lack of knowledge on the impact of different definitions of OA on HRQoL. The main aim of this study was to measure and compare...... the impact of knee OA and its different definitions on HRQoL in the general population. Methods: A random sample of 1300 participants from Malmö, Sweden with pain in one or both knees in the past 12 months with duration ≥4 weeks and 650 participants without were invited to clinical and radiographic knee...... examination. A total of 1527 individuals with a mean (SD) age 69.4 (7.2) participated and responded to both generic (EQ-5D-3L) and disease-specific (the Knee injury and Osteoarthritis Outcome Score) questionnaires. Knee pain was defined as pain during the last month during most of the days. Knee OA...

  17. A Survey On The Effects Of Iontophoresis Of Piroxicam Gel On Pain And Knee Muscles Strengthn Patients With Knee Osteoarthritis

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Asghar RezaSoltani

    2012-04-01

    Full Text Available Background and Aim: Knee osteoarthritis is the most common cause of disability in many societies. Therapeutic measures such as using anti-inflammation drugs and physiotherapy programs have been used to suppress knee pain and improve knee joint function in patients with knee osteoarthritis. The aim of this study was to compare the effects of iontophoresis of piroxicam gel, galvanic current with or without piroxicam gel on pain, functional ability and knee muscle strength in patients with knee osteoarthritis.Materials and Method: This study was a clinical trial conducted in Akhtar hospital. Forty two female patients (mean age 58.52 years old with knee osteoarthritis participated in this study. The protocol was performed in Physiotherapy Clinic of Mazandaran Medical University, Mazandaran, Iran. All patients were randomly assigned to three groups. Iontophoresis of piroxicam gel was applied for group 1 (n=14, proxicam gel for group 2 (n=14 and galvanic current for group 3 (n=14. The procedure was carried out for 20-minutes, three times a week and for two following weeks. Knee pain and functional ability were estimated by knee injury and osteoarthritis outcome score (KOOS questioner and the strength of knee extensor and flexor muscles by an isometric device just before the first treatment and immediately after the last treatment times.Results: A significant decrease in pain and a significant increase in functional ability and the strength of knee extensor muscles were resulted in all studied groups (P < 0.05. According to ANOVA test, the level of the percentage difference which was computed for KOOS and knee muscle strength before and after treatments was significantly higher in group 1 than the other two (P < 0.01.Conclusion: Pain and knee functional ability were significantly improved in patients in all three methods. But iontophoresis of piroxicam gel appeared to be more effective in relieving pain and improving knee functional abilities than the

  18. 富血小板血浆凝胶在人工全膝关节置换手术中的应用研究%Clinical study of platelet-rich plasma gel in total knee arthroplasty

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    董佩龙; 唐晓波; 王健; 朱振安

    2014-01-01

    (normal saline group).Routine drainage and functional exercise were applied to the two groups after operation.Postoperative drainage volume,inflammatory reaction,grade of wound healed,Hospital for Special Surgery (HSS) Score for knee,the Feller Score for patella and range of motion(ROM) for knee were evaluated.Independent samples t-test,grade data used rank sum test were used to compared two groups.Results Postoperative drainage volume was (152 ± 22)ml in PRP group and (432 ± 35)ml in normal saline group.Postoperative drainage volume were statistically significant difference between two groups (t =37.098,P < 0.05).At 4 days after operation,no inflammatory reaction was observed in 27 cases of PRP group and in 24 cases of normal saline group,mid inflammatory reaction in 2 cases of PRP group and in 4 cases of normal saline group,moderate inflammatory reaction in 1 cases of PRP group and in 2 cases of normal saline group.Wound healed by first intention in 30 patients of PRP group and in 29 patients of normal saline group (29/30),by second intention after 3 days of dressing change in 1 patient of normal saline group using 75% alcohol wet compressed.The adverse reaction rate was 3.3%.The average follow-up period was 16 months,ranging from 10 to 24 months.Three months postoperative HSS score for knee,scores of patellar,scores of anterior knee pain and ROM for knee were statistically significant difference in PRP group and normal saline group (t =2.288,2.097,2.630,2.104 ;all P < 0.05).Inflammatory reaction,grade of wound healed,final follow-up HSS score for knee,scores of patellar,scores of anterior knee pain and ROM for knee had no statistically significant difference between PRP group and normal saline group (P > 0.05).Conclusions Using PRP gel in total knee arthroplasty can reduce postoperative drainage volume,accelerate the healing of operation incision with no extra complications.It has good short-term clinical effect.

  19. The dependence between clinical condition and value of the maximum force in the quadriceps femoris muscle during MVC test in patients with knee osteoarthritis.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Nowak, Karina; Sobota, Grzegorz; Bacik, Bogdan; Hajduk, Grzegorz; Kusz, Damian

    2012-01-01

    The aim of this study was to check whether there was a correlation between the value of the maximum developed torque of the quadriceps femoris muscle and subjective evaluation of a patient's pain which is measured by the VAS. Also evaluated were changes in the muscle torque value and KSS scale over time. For examining patient's condition use was made of a KSS scale (knee score: pain, range of motion, stability of joint and limb axis) before the surgery and in weeks 6 and 12, as well as 6 months after surgery. It was found to be constantly improving in comparison with the condition before the surgery. This is confirmed by a significant statistical value difference of KSS scale. The surgery substantially increases the quality of live and function recurrence.

  20. How to quantify knee function after total knee arthroplasty?

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Boonstra, M.C.; Waal Malefijt, M.C. de; Verdonschot, N.J.J.

    2008-01-01

    Total knee arthroplasty (TKA) is being undertaken in a younger population than before and as a result the functional demands on the knee are likely to be increasing. As a consequence, it is important to define quantitative functional knee tests that can monitor any increase. A valuable functional

  1. Clinical Analysis of Knee Meniscus Injury CT, MRI Scan%膝关节半月板损伤CT、MRI平扫分析

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    杨平; 李松林; 张小东; 杨根

    2015-01-01

    Objective To discuss the CT and MRI knee scan,the advantages and disadvantages of the diagnosis of meniscal injury,accuracy,and compared to each other.Methods Using computed tomography (CT) and magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) scan the diagnosis.Results 37 cases of patients,the CT diagnostic accuracy was 59%,the MRI diagnostic accuracy was 97%,CT finding subtle tibiofibula fractures,calcification.MRI found capsule,joint capsule,a smal amount of ef usion,on the patel ar ligament damage and degeneration.Conclusion Both CT and MRI scan each has its advantages,MRI find out more.With MRI in basic-level hospitals application and imaging diagnosis of knee joint meniscus injury wil leap to a new height.%目的讨论CT与MRI膝关节平扫,诊断半月板损伤的优缺点、准确率及相互对比。方法利用CT和MRI平扫诊断。结果37例患者,CT诊断准确率占59%,MRI诊断准确率占97%,CT发现胫腓骨细微骨折、钙化。MRI发现髌上囊、关节囊少量积液、韧带损伤及变性等异常。结论 CT与MRI两项平扫各具优势,MRI发现病变更多。随着MRI在基层医院应用与开展对膝关节半月板损伤的影像学诊断将会>上一个新的高度。

  2. Effects of isokinetic eccentric training on knee extensor and flexor torque and on gait of individuals with long term ACL reconstruction: A controlled clinical trial

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Heleodório Honorato dos Santos

    2014-12-01

    Full Text Available This study investigated the effects of the isokinetic eccentric training (IET on the knee extensor and flexor torque and kinematic gait parameters in individuals with ACL reconstruction. Sixteen men with ACL reconstructed (ACLr whose torque and the gait were evaluated, before and after 12 weeks of IET, was compared to a control group (14 individuals. Student t, MANOVA and ANOVA tests were performed with 5% of significance. The training increased the isometric, concentric at 30 and 120º/s (p < .05 and eccentric at 30º/s (p < .01 extensor torque on the affected limb (AL, and eccentric at 30 and 120º/s (p < .01, on the non-affected limb (NAL. In the flexors, there was an increase on the torque: isometric, concentric at 30º/s and eccentric at 30 and 120º/s (p < .01 in AL and in eccentric at 30 (p < .05 and 120º/s (p< .01 in NAL. With respect to the angular and spatio-temporal variables gait, there was no difference between pre-and post-training in LCAr group. Compared to control group, the cycle time, in two members, was lower in LCAr group, and stride length and cadence were higher in the AL of the LCAr (p < .05. Moreover, the knee flexion-extension angles (minimum and maximum remained lower in LCAr, pre- and post-training (p < .01. The torque gain associated with eccentric isokinetic training did not affect the kinematic parameters of gait in patients undergoing ACL reconstruction.

  3. Anterior knee pain: an update of physical therapy.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Werner, Suzanne

    2014-10-01

    Anterior knee pain is one of the most common knee problems in physically active individuals. The reason for anterior knee pain has been suggested to be multifactorial with patella abnormalities or extensor mechanism disorder leading to patellar malalignment during flexion and extension of the knee joint. Some patients complain mostly of non-specific knee pain, while others report patellar instability problems. The patients present with a variety of symptoms and clinical findings, meaning that a thorough clinical examination is the key for optimal treatment. Weakness of the quadriceps muscle, especially during eccentric contractions, is usually present in the majority of anterior knee pain patients. However, irrespective of whether pain or instability is the major problem, hypotrophy and reduced activity of the vastus medialis are often found, which result in an imbalance between vastus medialis and vastus lateralis. This imbalance needs to be corrected before quadriceps exercises are started. The non-operative rehabilitation protocol should be divided into different phases based on the patient's progress. The goal of the first phase is to reduce pain and swelling, improve the balance between vastus medialis and vastus lateralis, restore normal gait, and decrease loading of the patello-femoral joint. The second phase should include improvement of postural control and coordination of the lower extremity, increase of quadriceps strength and when needed hip muscle strength, and restore good knee function. The patient should be encouraged to return to or to start with a suitable regular physical exercise. Therefore, the third phase should include functional exercises. Towards the end of the treatment, single-leg functional tests and functional knee scores should be used for evaluating clinical outcome. A non-operative treatment of patients with anterior knee pain should be tried for at least 3 months before considering other treatment options.

  4. MR imaging findings in early osteoarthritis of the knee

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Karachalios, Theofilos E-mail: kar@med.uth.gr; Zibis, Aristidis; Papanagiotou, Panagiotis; Karantanas, Apostolos H.; Malizos, Konstantinos N.; Roidis, Nikolaos

    2004-06-01

    Purpose: To carry out a modern diagnostic survey among patients with a clinical and radiological diagnosis of early osteoarthritis of the knee. Materials and methods:A magnetic resonance imaging survey was performed on 70 patients (82 knees) with a mean age of 59 years. (range, 40-71 years) who had chronic knee pain, clinical diagnosis of early osteoarthritis of the knee and conventional knee radiographs classified as 1 and 2 on the Kellgren-Lawrence scale. Results: A variety of different disorders was found; degenerative meniscal lesions with or without ruptures of the anterior cruciate ligament in 70.7% of the knees, osteonecrosis of the femoral and tibial condyles in 9.75%, osteophytes and degenerative articular cartilage lesions in 8.54%, transient osteoporosis in 2.44% and benign neoplasms and cysts in 6.1%. Conclusions: The existence of such a heterogenous group of disorders in these 'early osteoarthritic knees' may explain failures in treatment and it may justify a modern MRI imaging approach to proper diagnosis.

  5. [Therapy of arthrofibrosis after total knee arthroplasty].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gollwitzer, H; Burgkart, R; Diehl, P; Gradinger, R; Bühren, V

    2006-02-01

    Arthrofibrosis is one of the most common complications after total knee arthroplasty with an overall incidence of approximately 10%. Nevertheless, published data are rare and clinical trials mostly include small and heterogeneous patient series resulting in controversial conclusions. Clinically, arthrofibrosis after knee arthroplasty is defined as (painful) stiffness with scarring and soft tissue proliferation. Differentiation between local (peripatellar) and generalized fibrosis is therapeutically relevant. Histopathology typically shows subsynovial fibrosis with synovial hyperplasia, chronic inflammatory infiltration, and excessive and unregulated proliferation of collagen and fibroblasts. Diagnostic strategies are based on the exclusion of differential causes for painful knee stiffness, and especially the exclusion of low-grade infections represents a diagnostic challenge. Early and intensive physiotherapy combined with sufficient analgesia should be initiated as a basic therapy. The next therapeutic steps for persisting arthrofibrosis include closed manipulation and open arthrolysis. Arthroscopic interventions should be limited to local fibrosis. Revision arthroplasty represents a rescue surgery, often associated with recurrence of fibrosis. Prevention of arthrofibrosis by sufficient analgesia and early physiotherapy remains the best treatment option for painful stiffness after knee arthroplasty.

  6. Septic arthritis caused by Mycobacterium fortuitum and Mycobacterium abscessus in a prosthetic knee joint: case report and review of literature.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wang, Shu-Xiang; Yang, Chang-Jen; Chen, Yu-Chuan; Lay, Chorng-Jang; Tsai, Chen-Chi

    2011-01-01

    Nontuberculous mycobacterium (NTM) is an infrequent cause of prosthetic knee joint infections. Simultaneous infection with different NTM species in a prosthetic knee joint has not been previously reported. A case of prosthetic knee joint infection caused by Mycobacterium abscessus and M. fortuitum is described in this report. The patient was successfully treated with adequate antibiotics and surgery. The clinical features of sixteen previously reported cases of prosthetic knee joint infection caused by NTM are reviewed.

  7. Keblish's lateral surgical approach enhances patellar tilt in valgus knee arthroplasty

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    José Roberto Tonelli Filho

    Full Text Available ABSTRACT OBJECTIVE: To compare the clinical and radiological outcomes of conventional medial and lateral approaches for total knee replacement in the valgus osteoarthritic knee. METHODS: In this randomized controlled trial, 21 patients with valgus knee osteoarthritis were randomized to total knee replacement through medial or lateral approach. The primary outcome was radiographic patellar tilt. Secondary outcomes were visual analog scale of pain, postoperative levels of hemoglobin, and clinical aspect of the operative wound. RESULTS: There were no differences between the groups regarding other clinical variables. Mean lateral tilt of the patella was 3.1 degrees (SD ± 5.3 in the lateral approach group and 18 degrees (SD ± 10.2 in the medial approach group (p = 0.02. There were no differences regarding the secondary outcomes. CONCLUSION: Lateral approach provided better patellar tilt following total knee replacement in valgus osteoarthritic knee.

  8. Knee Injuries in Downhill Skiers

    OpenAIRE

    Shea, Kevin G.; Archibald-Seiffer, Noah; Murdock, Elizabeth; Grimm, Nathan L.; Jacobs, John C.; Willick, Stuart; Van Houten, Heather

    2014-01-01

    Background: Knee injuries account for approximately one third of injuries in skiers. Researchers have proposed several mechanisms of knee injury in skiers. However, the frequencies of these mechanisms have varied in different studies. Purpose: To identify the most common knee injury mechanisms in recreational downhill skiers and to assess injury frequencies across several demographics. Study Design: Descriptive epidemiology study. Methods: Over 6 ski seasons, 541 patients with acute knee inju...

  9. 同期和分期全膝关节置换术治疗老年双膝关节骨关节炎的治疗效果%Clinical study of simultaneous bilateral versus staged bilateral total knee arthroplasty in treatment of osteoarthritis in elderly patients

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    潘风雨; 罗毅

    2016-01-01

    Objective To compare the clinical effect of simultaneous bilateral total knee arthroplasty with staged bilateral total knee arthroplasty in treatment of bilateral knee osteoarthritis in elderly patients. Methods A total of 49 patients with both knee osteoarthritis were retrospectively analyzed, who underwent total knee arthroplasty from January 2013 to June 2014. This study included 28 cases of simultaneous bilateral total knee arthroplasty and 21 cases of staged bilateral total knee arthroplasty. The clinical effect of two groups were retrospectively analyzed. Results Operation time and hospitalization time of the simultaneous bilateral total knee arthroplasty group were obviously lower than those of the staged bilateral total knee arthroplasty group. In addition, staged bilateral total knee arthroplasty showed advantage in postoperative hemoglobin, postoperative drainage and blood transfusion, compared with simultaneous bilateral total knee arthroplasty ( P0�05 ) . Conclusions Simultaneous bilateral and staged bilateral total knee arthroplastyin could acquire satisfied effect. The mastery of operative indications is of great significance to the excellent clinical effect.%目的:研究老年双膝骨性关节炎患者选择同期和分期全膝关节置换术的治疗效果。方法选择我院2013年1月至2014年6月接受双膝关节置换术的患者49例。其中同期置换治疗患者为28例,分期置换治疗患者为21例,回顾性分析2组患者的治疗情况,比