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  1. Prevalence of Enterobius vermicularis Infection among preschool children in kindergartens of Taipei City, Taiwan in 2008.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Chang, Tso-Kang; Liao, Chien-Wei; Huang, Ying-Chieh; Chang, Chun-Chao; Chou, Chia-Mei; Tsay, Hsin-Chieh; Huang, Alice; Guu, Shu-Fen; Kao, Ting-Chang; Fan, Chia-Kwung

    2009-06-01

    The prevalence of Enterobius vermicularis infection among preschool children was reported to be low based on a 5-year screening program in Taipei City, Taiwan. The Taipei City government intended to terminate the E. vermicularis screening program among preschool children. Thus, we were entrusted with confirming whether pinworm infections among preschool children in Taipei City had truly declined. From each of 12 administrative districts 2-3 kindergartens were randomly selected for investigation. In total, 4,349 children were examined, of which 2,537 were boys and 1,812 were girls. The cellophane tape adhered to a glass slide was used, and all examinations were done by certified medical technologists. Results indicated that the overall prevalence rate of pinworm infections was 0.62% (27/4,349). Although the infection rate was higher among boys (0.67%, 17/2,537) than in girls (0.55%, 10/1,812), no significant difference was found (chi(2) = 0.399, P = 0.62). According to the administrative district, the infection rate ranged from no positive cases of E. vermicularis infection in the Xinyi, Zhongzhen, and Wanhua Districts (0%; 0/299, 0/165, and 0/358, respectively), to 0.26% (1/131) in Songshan District, with the highest rate of 1.88% (7/373) in Wenshan District. Because the overall infection rate (0.62%, 27/4,349) in the present study was unchanged compared to that (0.40%, 197/49,541) previously reported in 2005, we propose that regular pinworm screening and treatment programs should be continued in some parts of Taipei City.

  2. Hepatitis A virus seroepidemiology of elementary school children in New Taipei City in Taiwan.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Tseng, Shih-Lun; Hsieh, Yu-Chia; Huang, Ya-Ling; Huang, Yu-Chiau; Hung, Yung-Tai; Huang, Yhu-Chering

    2016-10-01

    To establish the seroepidemiologic data of hepatitis A virus (HAV) vaccine-preventable HAV diseases among school children (7-12 years old) attending elementary schools in New Taipei City, Taiwan. This is a pilot study of an ongoing nationwide study, and will be the reference for a national immunization program. The school children were selected for samplings, based on a multistage stratified sampling method that included 14 variables (4 socioeducational variables, 4 socioeducational variables, and 6 medical facilities' variables). The 29 administrative districts of New Taipei City were categorized into five strata. In total, 936 school children from 14 schools were recruited and bled for the serologic tests of HAV by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay method. The seropositive rate for HAV was 8.33% among the 936 children. From each school, the difference in the seropositive rate for HAV ranged 0-18.75%. There was no significant difference between each stratum (p = 0.059) or grade (p = 0.570); however, there was a difference between schools in the first stratum (p = 0.033) that was associated with different vaccination rates. This study also revealed a significantly greater seropositive rate in the vaccination group (p hepatitis A vaccine is a useful tool to prevent HAV infection. It is worthy to discuss whether to include the HAV vaccine as part of a routine vaccination program in Taiwan. Copyright © 2014. Published by Elsevier B.V.

  3. Presbycusis among older Chinese people in Taipei, Taiwan: a community-based study.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Chang, Hsin-Pin; Chou, Pesus

    2007-12-01

    The purpose of this study was to estimate the prevalence and severity of presbycusis in older Chinese people in Taipei, Taiwan. Pure-tone audiometry and a questionnaire were administered to a randomly-recruited cohort of people > 65 years old (n=1221) from a community in Taipei. The study cohort showed pure-tone thresholds worsening, especially at frequencies >2 kHz, with increasing age. The mean pure-tone average at speech frequencies (0.5, 1, and 2 kHz) of the better ear of subjects stratified by five-year age groups ranged from 34.9 dB hearing level (HL) to 46.4 dB HL. The pure-tone average at speech frequency in women was slightly higher than that in men in all age groups. The prevalence of presbycusis (M3 > or = 55 dBHL) was 1.6% (65-69 years), 3.2% (70-74 years), 7.5% (75-79 years), and 14.9% (> or =80 years). Persistent tinnitus was present in 13.9% of subjects, and 18.8% of subjects had a history of vertigo. Of subjects with a clinically evident hearing impairment (M3 > or = 55 dB HL), 18.4% used hearing aids. These data provide estimates of the prevalence and severity of presbycusis in community-dwelling older persons in Taiwan.

  4. Factors associated with health-related quality of life among injection drug users at methadone clinics in Taipei, Taiwan

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    Yung-Feng Yen

    2015-05-01

    Conclusion: Poor HRQOL was associated with a number of factors among IDUs at methadone clinics in Taipei, Taiwan. To improve HRQOL in this population, future programs should focus on IDUs with a history of drug overdose. In addition, methadone programs and social support should be integrated to improve HRQOL among this socially marginalized population.

  5. Dome collapse eruption in Tatun Volcanic Group near metropolitan Taipei, Taiwan at ~6 kyrs

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    Chen, C.; Lee, T.

    2010-12-01

    The Tatun Volcanic Group (TVG) is located in the north of metropolitan Taipei, Taiwan. Over 6 million inhabitants are living in Taipei City and suburban area. Another critical issue is an international airport and two nuclear power plants are lying at the foot of the TVG. If the TGV will be re-active, the serious hazard for human lives and economies in this area will definitely occur. Understanding the youngest eruption history of the TVG will be much important for prediction the future activity of eruption. The core was collected from the Dream Lake at the eastern slop of Cising Mt.. Total 21 samples from depth 190 cm to 231.5 cm have been tested. Comparison of chemical compositions of glass and minerals in the volcanic clasts with those of lava around TVG, they clearly showed that the volcanic clasts can be correlated with the eruption of the closest Cising Mt. According to the radiocarbon (C-14) age of core sample at the depth 225 cm, the age was extrapolated around 6150 yrs ca. C-14 B.P.. Moreover, the respiratory cristobalite in the volcanic clasts were firstly identified by the identical morphology, chemical composition and Laser Raman Spectrometry (LRS). The crystalline silica was produced by vapor-phase crystallization and devitrification in the andesite lava dome and volcanic ash generated by pyroclastic flows formed by lava dome collapse in Soufriere Hills volcano, Montserrat (Baxter et al.,1999). These new evidence demonstrated that there would probably have the lava dome collapse eruptions in the TVG in the last 6 kyrs. The result in this paper also sustained that the landslide caused by the weak phreatic eruption within the last 6000 yrs in the TVG (Belousov et al., 2010). It must further be noted that an efficient program of the volcanic hazard reduction should be practiced for the metropolitan Taipei and suburban area.

  6. Descriptive epidemiological study of sites of suicide jumps in Taipei, Taiwan.

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    Chen, Y-Y; Gunnell, D; Lu, T-H

    2009-02-01

    To identify locations to target for suicide preventive measures to reduce suicide by jumping in Taipei city, Taiwan. A descriptive study of suicide by jumping from a height was conducted in Taipei, 2002-2005. Information on sites from which suicide jumps occurred was obtained from death certificates as well as ambulance, medical and newspaper records. Of the 210 jumping suicide deaths with sufficient information on the site of the jump, private residential buildings comprised the highest proportion (67%) of all jumping sites, followed by business office buildings (13%), hospitals (8%) and shopping malls (5%). However, the number of jumping suicides per 1000 sites was highest for hospitals (307 per 1000 hospitals) and shopping malls (275 per 1000 shopping malls) compared with 2 per 1000 for residential buildings. Women and older people who died by jumping were more likely to have jumped from buildings where they lived, compared with men and other age groups. Although two-thirds of suicides occurred from residential buildings, the sites with the greatest number of jumps per location were hospitals and shopping malls, making them the most cost-effective focus for preventive efforts.

  7. Enhancement of cloud-to-ground lightning activity over Taipei, Taiwan in relation to urbanization

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    Kar, S. K.; Liou, Y. A.

    2014-10-01

    Collecting the cloud-to-ground (CG) lightning flash data from Tai-Power Company of Taiwan, a long term study has been performed to investigate the enhancement of lightning activity in and around Taipei City, the largest metropolitan city of Taiwan, in relation to urbanization, for the period of 2005-2010. Results reveal that negative flash density is enhanced by approximately 64% while the positive flash density is enhanced by 48%, over and downwind of the city compared with other neighboring areas. On the other hand a decrease of nearly 24% in the percentage of positive flashes occurs over and downwind of Taipei compared to upwind values. We have also investigated the effect of urbanization on peak current of both polarities but no significant effect is noticed. Possible influence of urban particulate matter on the enhancement of CG lightning activity has been analyzed utilizing the annual averages of PM10 (particulate matter with aerodynamic diameter smaller than 10 μm) and SO2 (sulfur dioxide) concentrations data. Interesting results are found, indicating the higher concentrations of PM10 and SO2 contributes to the CG lightning enhancement. Both the concentrations exhibit a positive linear correlation with the percent change in CG flashes from the upwind to the urban area and from the upwind to the downwind area. However, the correlation coefficient for PM10 concentrations is comparatively much lower than SO2 concentrations. Positive correlations of 0.55 and 0.68 are found for the PM10 and SO2 concentrations, respectively, when compared separately with the percent change in CG flashes from the upwind to the downwind area, indicating the influence of aerosols on urban CG lightning enhancement. Hourly variation of lightning flashes show that the urban effects on CG lightning is prominent in the afternoon and early evening hours. The results obtained from the present analysis corroborate the results reported in the literature by other researchers.

  8. Multiskilling of frontline managers in the five star hotel industry in Taiwan

    National Research Council Canada - National Science Library

    Chen, LiCheng; Wallace, Michelle

    2011-01-01

    ..., Brusco & Johns 1998) can enable organisations, including hotels, to cope with the seasonal or peak time labour requirements and increased competition for high levels of service (De Cieri & Kramar 2005). According to the Taiwan Tourism Bureau (2009), the hotel industry in Taiwan is still in a growth stage with plan...

  9. Optical Sensing, Imaging and Manipulation for Biological and Biomedical Applications Held in Taipei, Taiwan on 26-27 July 2000. Proceedings

    National Research Council Canada - National Science Library

    Alfano, R. R

    2000-01-01

    This conference on Optical Sensing, Imaging and Manipulation for Biological and Biomedical Applications was part of the International Optoelectronics Symposium Held in Taipei, Taiwan on 26-28 July 200...

  10. Seroprevalence and Associated Risk Factors of Toxocariasis among College Students in Taipei City, Taiwan

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    Chung-Jung FU

    2015-10-01

    Full Text Available Background: Infection by Toxocara spp. is known to be significantly associated with partial epilepsy. It has become popular for people to raise dogs/cats as pets and consume roasted meat/viscera, and the status of Toxocara spp. infection, epi­lepsy awareness, and associated risk factors among the general population are cur­rently unknown in Taiwan.Methods: A seroepidemiological investigation among 203 college students (CSs, consisting of 110 males and 93 females with an average age of 21.5 ± 1.2 years, was conducted in 2009 in Taipei City. A Western blot analysis based on excretory-secre­tory antigens derived from Toxocara canis larvae (TcESs was applied to determine the positivity of serum immunoglobulin G antibodies. A self-administered question­naire was also given to obtain information about demographic characteris­tics, epilepsy awareness, and risk factors. A logistic regression model was applied for the statistical analysis using SPSS software.Results: The overall seropositive rate of Toxocara spp. infection was 8.4% (17/203. As to epilepsy awareness, a non-significantly higher seroprevalence was found in CSs who claimed to "know" about epilepsy compared to those who did not know (P > 0.05.Conclusions: It appears that appropriate educational programs are urgently needed to provide correct knowledge related to the prevention and control measures against Toxocara spp. infections to avoid potential threats by this parasite to the general population in Taiwan.

  11. Enterobius vermicularis infection and its risk factors among pre-school children in Taipei, Taiwan.

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    Chen, Kuang-Yao; Yen, Chuan-Min; Hwang, Kao-Pin; Wang, Lian-Chen

    2017-06-29

    The prevalence of pinworm infection is extremely low in Taipei, Taiwan. This population study was designed to determine the current status and the associated risk factors of this infection among pre-school children. Perianal swab specimens were obtained from the parents or guardians using a two-consecutive-day adhesive cellophane perianal swab kit. Information of family background, personal hygiene, and household sanitary conditions were collected by asking the parents or guardians to complete a questionnaire. Of 44,163 children, 0.21% was found to infect with pinworm. The positive rate was highest in Datong (0.59%) and Nangang (0.58%) Districts and lowest in Neihu District (0.02%). There was no significant difference in the rates by gender (boys 0.24% and girls 0.19%) or school (kindergartens 0.25% and nurseries 0.17%). Significantly higher positive rates were found in children having parent with lower educational level and elder brother(s)/sister(s). Children taking bath by themselves and those sleeping in bed with matting had significantly higher positive rates. Five significant independent predictors of pinworm infection were determined by multivariate analysis: having elder brother(s), having elder sister(s), infrequent washing hands after using toilet facilities, bathing without the help of family members, and sleeping on bed with matting. The prevalence of pinworm infection in the pre-school children of Taipei is extremely low and decreasing. Good hand washing habit should be an important preventive measure. Transmission of this infection in pre-school children may occur in the family through their school-age siblings. Copyright © 2017. Published by Elsevier B.V.

  12. The Measurement of Dry Deposition and Surface Runoff to Quantify Urban Road Pollution in Taipei, Taiwan

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    Jen-Yang Lin

    2013-10-01

    Full Text Available Pollutants deposited on road surfaces and distributed in the environment are a source of nonpoint pollution. Field data are traditionally hard to collect from roads because of constant traffic. In this study, in cooperation with the traffic administration, the dry deposition on and road runoff from urban roads was measured in Taipei City and New Taipei City, Taiwan. The results showed that the dry deposition is 2.01–5.14 g/m2·day and 78–87% of these solids are in the 75–300 µm size range. The heavy metals in the dry deposited particles are mainly Fe, Zn, and Na, with average concentrations of 34,978, 1,519 and 1,502 ppm, respectively. Elevated express roads show the highest heavy metal concentrations. Not only the number of vehicles, but also the speed of the traffic should be considered as factors that influence road pollution, as high speeds may accelerate vehicle wear and deposit more heavy metals on road surfaces. In addition to dry deposition, the runoff and water quality was analyzed every five minutes during the first two hours of storm events to capture the properties of the first flush road runoff. The sample mean concentration (SMC from three roads demonstrated that the first flush runoff had a high pollution content, notably for suspended solid (SS, chemical oxygen demand (COD, oil and grease, Pb, and Zn. Regular sweeping and onsite water treatment facilities are suggested to minimize the pollution from urban roads.

  13. Association of Internet search trends with suicide death in Taipei City, Taiwan, 2004-2009.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Yang, Albert C; Tsai, Shi-Jen; Huang, Norden E; Peng, Chung-Kang

    2011-07-01

    Although Internet has become an important source for affected people seeking suicide information, the connection between Internet searches for suicide information and suicidal death remains largely unknown. This study aims to evaluate the association between suicide and Internet searches trends for 37 suicide-related terms representing major known risks of suicide. This study analyzes suicide death data in Taipei City, Taiwan and corresponding local Internet search trend data provided by Google Insights for Search during the period from January 2004 to December 2009. The investigation uses cross correlation analysis to estimate the temporal relationship between suicide and Internet search trends and multiple linear regression analysis to identify significant factors associated with suicide from a pool of search trend data that either coincides or precedes the suicide death. Results show that a set of suicide-related search terms, the trends of which either temporally coincided or preceded trends of suicide data, were associated with suicide death. These search factors varied among different suicide samples. Searches for "major depression" and "divorce" accounted for, at most, 30.2% of the variance in suicide data. When considering only leading suicide trends, searches for "divorce" and the pro-suicide term "complete guide of suicide," accounted for 22.7% of variance in suicide data. Appropriate filtering and detection of potentially harmful source in keyword-driven search results by search engine providers may be a reasonable strategy to reduce suicide deaths. Copyright © 2011 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.

  14. Observations Using the Taipei Basin Broadband Downhole Seismic Network: The 26 December 2006, Pingtung Earthquake Doublet, Taiwan

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    Win-Gee Huang

    2008-01-01

    Full Text Available To monitor the fault activity in the Taipei area, a new broadband downhole seismic network comprised of three stations was established in the Taipei Basin over a period of three years, 2005 - 2007. The network geometry is a triangle with a station spacing of about 12 km covering the entire Taipei Basin. Each station has two holes of different depths containing modern instruments, including a low-gain broadband seismometer. The largest depth is 150 m. We report our first experience on the installation and operation of the broadband downhole seismic network in the Taipei Basin. Some representative records from the Pingtung earthquake doublet in December 2006 are shown here. Ground displacement during the Pingtung earthquake doublet can be recovered from the velocity records without the baseline corrections that are required for the acceleration records. Our network offers excellent data for accurate and effective characterization of seismic motion in the study area. Seismic data from this network will be shared with other research institutions in Taiwan and abroad for further research.

  15. Strong ground motion in the Taipei basin from the 1999 Chi-Chi, Taiwan, earthquake

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    Fletcher, Joe B.; Wen, K.-L.

    2005-01-01

    The Taipei basin, located in northwest Taiwan about 160 km from the epicenter of the Chi-Chi earthquake, is a shallow, triangular-shaped basin filled with low-velocity fluvial deposits. There is a strong velocity contrast across the basement interface of about 600 m/sec at a depth of about 600-700 m in the deeper section of the basin, suggesting that ground motion should be amplified at sites in the basin. In this article, the ground-motion recordings are analyzed to determine the effect of the basin both in terms of amplifications expected from a 1D model of the sediments in the basin and in terms of the 3D structure of the basin. Residuals determined for peak acceleration from attenuation curves are more positive (amplified) in the basin (average of 5.3 cm/ sec2 compared to - 24.2 cm/sec2 for those stations outside the basin and between 75 and 110 km from the surface projection of the faulted area, a 40% increase in peak ground acceleration). Residuals for peak velocity are also significantly more positive at stations in the basin (31.8 cm/sec compared to 20.0 cm/sec out). The correlation of peak motion with depth to basement, while minor in peak acceleration, is stronger in the peak velocities. Record sections of ground motion from stations in and around the Taipei basin show that the largest long-period arrival, which is coherent across the region, is strongest on the vertical component and has a period of about 10-12 sec. This phase appears to be a Rayleigh wave, probably associated with rupture at the north end of the Chelungpu fault. Records of strong motion from stations in and near the basin have an additional, higher frequency signal: nearest the deepest point in the basin, the signal is characterized by frequencies of about 0.3 - 0.4 Hz. These frequencies are close to simple predictions using horizontal layers and the velocity structure of the basin. Polarizations of the S wave are mostly coherent across the array, although there are significant

  16. Clinical Epidemiology of Reduced Kidney Function among Elderly Male Fishing and Agricultural Population in Taipei, Taiwan

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    Chi-Mei Kuo

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available Purpose. To quantify the prevalence of and associated factors for chronic kidney disease (CKD among male elderly fishing and agricultural population in Taipei, Taiwan. Methods. Subjects (n=2,766 aged 65 years and over voluntarily admitted to a teaching hospital for a physical checkup were collected in 2010. CKD was defined as an estimated glomerular filtration rate <60 mL/min/1.73 m2. Results. Among these subjects, the over prevalence of chronic kidney disease was 13.6% (95% CI: 12.3–14.9%. The age-specific prevalence of CKD in 65–74 years, 75–84 years, and ≥85 years was 8.2%, 19.1%, and 27.0%, respectively. From the multiple logistic regression, age (OR = 1.05, 95% CI: 1.02–1.09, hyperuricemia (OR = 2.94, 95% CI: 1.90–3.78, central obesity (OR = 1.17, 95% CI: 1.02–1.56, hyperglycemia (OR = 1.23, 95% CI: 1.11–1.67, hypertriglyceridemia (OR = 1.25, 95% CI: 1.08–1.66, and lower HDL-C (OR = 1.61, 95% CI: 1.23–1.92 were statistically significantly related to CKD. The presence of metabolic components (one or two versus none, OR = 1.10, 95% CI: 1.04–1.25; three or more versus none, OR = 2.12, 95% CI: 1.86–2.78 also appeared to be statistically significantly related to CKD after adjustment for other independent factors. Conclusion. Several clinical factors independently affect the development of CKD in the elderly male fishing and agricultural population.

  17. Enterobius vermicularis infection is well controlled among preschool children in nurseries of Taipei City, Taiwan.

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    Chu, Tu-Bin; Liao, Chien-Wei; Nara, Takeshi; Huang, Ying-Chie; Chou, Chia-Mei; Liu, Yu-Hsin; Fan, Chia-Kwung

    2012-10-01

    Whether Enterobius vermicularis (pinworm) infections among preschool children in Taipei City had truly declined was investigated. A total of 6,661 preschool children from 28 nurseries were randomly selected from 4 major geographic districts in Taipei City to examine the status of pinworm infection by using adhesive thin cellophane tape swab method. The overall prevalence of pinworm infection was 0.5% (30/6,661). Boys (0.6%; 21/3,524) had higher prevalence than girls (0.3%; 9/3,137) (p=0.06). Southern district (0.6%; 10/1,789) showed insignificantly higher prevalence than Western district (0.2%; 1/606) (p=0.22). Pinworm screening program remains necessary for some parts of Taipei City.

  18. Enterobius vermicularis infection is well controlled among preschool children in nurseries of Taipei City, Taiwan

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    Tu-Bin Chu

    2012-10-01

    Full Text Available INTRODUCTION: Whether Enterobius vermicularis (pinworm infections among preschool children in Taipei City had truly declined was investigated. METHODS: A total of 6,661 preschool children from 28 nurseries were randomly selected from 4 major geographic districts in Taipei City to examine the status of pinworm infection by using adhesive thin cellophane tape swab method. RESULTS: The overall prevalence of pinworm infection was 0.5% (30/6,661. Boys (0.6%; 21/3,524 had higher prevalence than girls (0.3%; 9/3,137 (p=0.06. Southern district (0.6%; 10/1,789 showed insignificantly higher prevalence than Western district (0.2%; 1/606 (p=0.22. CONCLUSIONS: Pinworm screening program remains necessary for some parts of Taipei City.

  19. Lead levels in new residential enamel paints in Taipei, Taiwan and comparison with those in mainland China.

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    Ewers, Lynda; Clark, C Scott; Peng, Hongying; Roda, Sandy M; Menrath, Bill; Lind, Caroline; Succop, Paul

    2011-08-01

    Five brands of new enamel household paints from Taiwan were analyzed: two multi-nationals and three local. The median lead concentration of 2574 parts per million (ppm) dry weight was more than 30 times the current US standard of 90ppm for new paints and was more than 4 times the former standard of 600ppm. Lead levels ranged from below detection (4.5ppm) to 158,000ppm. Lead concentrations varied significantly by color of paint and paint brand but not by price per liter. Fifty-six percent of Taiwan paints had lead levels above the 90ppm US limit. One of the multi-national brands and two of the local brands had high levels of lead with the averages ranging from 12,890 to 53,640ppm. Concentrations were less than 90ppm in each of the samples from the other two brands. One of the two multi-national paint brands was imported as the house brand for its big box store in Taipei and had lead levels above 600ppm in four of five samples. Comparison of the lead concentrations of paints from Taiwan with those that we previously analyzed from mainland China revealed higher levels in Taiwan where the median level was 2574ppm compared to 46ppm in mainland China. Copyright © 2011 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

  20. The continuous field measurements of soluble aerosol compositions at the Taipei Aerosol Supersite, Taiwan

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    Chang, Shih-Yu; Lee, Chung-Te; Chou, Charles C.-K.; Liu, Shaw-Chen; Wen, Tian-Xue

    The characteristics of ambient aerosols, affected by solar radiation, relative humidity, wind speed, wind direction, and gas-aerosol interaction, changed rapidly at different spatial and temporal scales. In Taipei Basin, dense traffic emissions and sufficient solar radiation for typical summer days favored the formation of secondary aerosols. In winter, the air quality in Taipei Basin was usually affected by the Asian continental outflows due to the long-range transport of pollutants carried by the winter monsoon. The conventional filter-based method needs a long time for collecting aerosols and analyzing compositions, which cannot provide high time-resolution data to investigate aerosol sources, atmospheric transformation processes, and health effects. In this work, the in situ ion chromatograph (IC) system was developed to provide 15-min time-resolution data of nine soluble inorganic species (Cl -, NO 2-, NO 3-, SO 42-, Na +, NH 4+, K +, Mg 2+ and Ca 2+). Over 89% of all particles larger than approximately 0.056 μm were collected by the in situ IC system. The in situ IC system is estimated to have a limit of detection lower than 0.3 μg m -3 for the various ambient ionic components. Depending on the hourly measurements, the pollutant events with high aerosol concentrations in Taipei Basin were associated with the local traffic emission in rush hour, the accumulation of pollutants in the stagnant atmosphere, the emission of industrial pollutants from the nearby factories, the photochemical secondary aerosol formation, and the long-range transport of pollutants from Asian outflows.

  1. Characterization of ultrafine particle number concentration and new particle formation in an urban environment of Taipei, Taiwan

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    H. C. Cheung

    2013-09-01

    Full Text Available An intensive aerosol characterization experiment was performed at the Taipei Aerosol and Radiation Observatory (TARO, 25.02° N, 121.53° E in the urban area of Taipei, Taiwan, during July 2012. Number concentration and size distribution of aerosol particles were measured continuously, which were accompanied by concurrent measurements of mass concentration of submicron particles, PM1 (d ≤ 1 μm, and photolysis rate of ozone, J(O1D. The averaged number concentrations of total (Ntotal, accumulation mode (Nacu, Aitken mode (NAitken, and nucleation mode (Nnuc particles were 13.9 × 103 cm−3, 1.2 × 103 cm−3, 6.1 × 103 cm−3, and 6.6 × 103 cm−3, respectively. Accordingly, the ultrafine particles (UFPs, d ≤ 100 nm accounted for 91% of the total number concentration of particles measured in this study (10 ≤ d ≤ 429 nm, indicating the importance of UFPs to the air quality and radiation budget in Taipei and its surrounding areas. An averaged Nnuc / NOx ratio of 192.4 cm−3 ppbv−1 was derived from nighttime measurements, which was suggested to be the characteristic of vehicle emissions that contributed to the "urban background" of nucleation mode particles throughout a day. On the contrary, it was found that the number concentration of nucleation mode particles was independent of NOx and could be elevated up to 10 times of the "urban background" levels during daytime, suggesting a substantial amount of nucleation mode particles produced from photochemical processes. Averages (± 1σ of the diameter growth rate (GR and formation rate of nucleation mode particles, J10, were 11.9 ± 10.6 nm h−1 and 6.9 ± 3.0 cm−3 s−1, respectively. Consistency in the time series of the nucleation mode particle concentration and the proxy of H2SO4 production, UVB · SO2/CS, for new particle formation (NPF events suggested that photooxidation of SO2 was likely one of the major mechanisms for the formation of new particles in our study area. Moreover

  2. Investigation for Strong Ground Shaking across the Taipei Basin during the MW 7.0 Eastern Taiwan Offshore Earthquake of 31 March 2002

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    Yi-Ling Huang

    2010-01-01

    Full Text Available According to reconstructed ground motion snapshots of the northern Taiwan area during the MW 7.0 eastern Taiwan offshore earthquake of 31 March 2002, the composite effects indicated complicated wave propagation behavior in the ground motion of the Taipei basin. A major low frequency pulse arose after the S-wave with the duration of about 20 seconds was observed in northern Taiwan and dominated the radial direction. Observed waveforms of a low frequency pulse show amplification during the seismic wave across the Taipei basin from its eastern edge to western portion. This effect has been considered to be generated by an unusual source radiation, deep Moho reflection or basin bottom surface. In this study, recorded ground motions from a dense seismic network were analyzed using a frequency-wavenumber spectrum analysis for seismic wave propagation properties. We investigated temporal and spatial variations in strong shaking in different frequency bands. Results show that a simple pulse incident seismic wave strongly interacts with inside soft sediments and the surrounding topography of the Taipei basin which in turn extends its shaking duration. Evidence showed that seismic waves have been reflected back from its western boundary of basin with a dominant frequency near one Hz. Findings in this study have been rarely reported and may provide useful information to further constrain a three-dimensional numerical simulation for the basin response and velocity structure, and to predict ground motions of further large earthquakes.

  3. The service industry strategy-A case study of tourism hotel in Taiwan

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    Lu, Chunwei; Huang, Jui-Chan; Wen, Hao-Ming; Hairui, Ji

    2017-06-01

    Regarding to raising living standard in Taiwan, service industry had stand more than 65% GDP and manufacturing is around 35% recently. The data from Council for Economic Planning and Development of Taiwan, in 2015, the service industry stand more than 73% of GDP, and the tourism industry has played one of the most important rules. In service industry, recently, the policy of Taiwan government encourages overseas tourists come to Taiwan for resort and it made many new tourism hotels built, and they also had to do the overall reform to satisfy their customers of global, especially respecting on Eastern Asia. In this study, experts and scholars in the fields of industry academia were interviewed. Survey were issued to the object companies and a comparative case study was conducted to analyze the influencing factors and extent to which differences on the competitive edge and strategies of Taiwan tourism hotels and those which benefit most or least from business operation current situation that conducted with governments' support and internal management. By primary data and literature reviews, this study hope that an effective reference for improving industrial competitiveness and models of competitiveness could be available for the governments and the companies.

  4. Acute increase of children's conjunctivitis clinic visits by Asian dust storms exposure - a spatiotemporal study in Taipei, Taiwan.

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    Chien, Lung-Chang; Lien, Yi-Jen; Yang, Chiang-Hsin; Yu, Hwa-Lung

    2014-01-01

    Adverse health impacts of Asian dust storms (ADS) have been widely investigated and discussed in respiratory disease, but no study has examined the association between ADS events and their impact on eye diseases, especially in children. The impact of ADS events on the incidence of children's conjunctivitis is examined by analyzing the data from children's clinic visits registered in the 41 districts of Taipei area in Taiwan during the period 2002-2007. The structural additive regression modeling approach was used to assess the association between ADS events and clinic visits for conjunctivitis in children with consideration of day-of-the-week effects, temperature, and air quality levels. This study identifies an acute increase in the relative rate for children's conjunctivitis clinic visits during ADS periods with 1.48% (95% CI = 0.79, 2.17) for preschool children (aged conjunctivitis clinic visits where higher relative rates were more likely observed in the most populated districts Compared to previous ADS studies related to respiratory diseases, our results reveals significantly acute impacts on children's conjunctivitis during ADS periods, and much influence on schoolchildren. Vulnerable areas were also identified in high density population.

  5. Growth Normal Faulting at the Western Edge of the Metropolitan Taipei Basin since the Last Glacial Maximum, Northern Taiwan

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Chih-Tung Chen

    2010-01-01

    Full Text Available Growth strata analysis is an useful tool in understanding kinematics and the evolution of active faults as well as the close relationship between sedimentation and tectonics. Here we present the Shanchiao Fault as a case study which is an active normal fault responsible for the formation of the 700-m-thick late Quaternary deposits in Taipei Basin at the northern tip of the Taiwan mountain belt. We compiled a sedimentary record, particularly the depositional facies and their dated ages, at three boreholes (SCF-1, SCF-2 and WK-1, from west to east along the Wuku Profile that traverses the Shanchiao Fault at its central segment. By incorporating the global sea level change curve, we find that thickness changes of sediments and changes of depositional environments in the Wuku area are in a good agreement with a rapid sea level rise since the Last Glacial Maximum (LGM of about 23 ka. Combining depositional facies changes and their ages with their thickness, we are able to introduce a simple back-stripping method to reconstruct the evolution of growing strata across the Shanchiao Fault since the LGM. We then estimate the vertical tectonic slip rate since 23 ka, which exhibits 2.2 mm yr-1 between SCF-2 and WK-1 and 1.1 mm yr-1 between SCF-1 and SCF-2. We also obtain the Holocene tectonic subsidence rate of 2.3 mm yr-1 at WK-1 and 0.9 mm yr-1 at SCF-2 since 8.4 ka. We thus conclude that the fault zone consists of a high-angle main fault to the east between SCF-2 and WK-1 and a western lower-angle branch fault between SCF-1 and SCF-2, resembling a tulip structure developed under sinistral transtensional tectonism. We find that a short period of 600-yr time span in 9 - 8.4 ka shows important tectonic subsidence of 7.4 and 3.3 m for the main and branch fault, respectively, consistent with possible earthquake events proposed by previous studies during that time. A correlation between geomorphology and subsurface geology in the Shanchiao Fault zone shows

  6. Predicting suicide in older adults - a community-based cohort study in Taipei City, Taiwan.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hung, Galen Chin-Lun; Kwok, Chi-Leung; Yip, Paul S F; Gunnell, David; Chen, Ying-Yeh

    2015-02-01

    Older adults worldwide are at a greater risk of suicide than other age groups. There is a scarcity of prospective studies exploring risk factors for suicide in older people and their discriminative ability to identify future suicide. We examined a prospective cohort of senior Taipei City residents between 2005 and 2009 (N=101,764). Cox proportional hazards regression analysis was used to determine significant risk factors and to construct a predictive score. The accuracy of the derived score in the prediction was tested by Receiver Operating Characteristic analysis. Male sex (Hazard Ratio [HR]=3.41, psuicide, as well as depressed mood (HR=1.44, p=0.02; per unit increase in a 4-point scale) and insomnia (HR=1.30, p=0.03; per unit increase in a 4-point scale). The derived prediction score yielded a sensitivity of 0.63 a specificity of 0.73 and an area under curve of 0.73. Removing depressed mood from the prediction model did not significantly alter suicide predictability (P=0.11). The dataset examined did not contain information regarding to important risk factors such as substance misuse and prescribed medications and the measures of mental health were relatively limited. Prediction of suicide based on factors recorded in a routine health screen of elderly people was unsatisfactory; the strongest predictors were factors that cannot be easily altered. Further understanding of how the socioeconomic condition of seniors contributes to suicide may provide valuable insights for intervention targeting this growing population-at-risk. Copyright © 2014 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.

  7. Estimation of Rainfall Erosivity via 1-Minute to Hourly Rainfall Data from Taipei, Taiwan

    Science.gov (United States)

    Huang, Ting-Yin; Yang, Ssu-Yao; Jan, Chyan-Deng

    2017-04-01

    Soil erosion is a natural process on hillslopes that threats people's life and properties, having a considerable environmental and economic implications for soil degradation, agricultural activity and water quality. The rainfall erosivity factor (R-factor) in the Universal Soil Loss Equation (USLE), composed of total kinetic energy (E) and the maximum 30-min rainfall intensity (I30), is widely used as an indicator to measure the potential risks of soil loss caused by rainfall at a regional scale. This R factor can represent the detachment and entrainment involved in climate conditions on hillslopes, but lack of 30-min rainfall intensity data usually lead to apply this factor more difficult in many regions. In recent years, fixed-interval, hourly rainfall data is readily available and widely used due to the development of automatic weather stations. Here we assess the estimations of R, E, and I30 based on 1-, 5-, 10-, 15-, 30-, 60-minute rainfall data, and hourly rainfall data obtained from Taipei weather station during 2004 to 2010. Results show that there is a strong correlation among R-factors estimated from different interval rainfall data. Moreover, the shorter time-interval rainfall data (e.g., 1-min) yields larger value of R-factor. The conversion factors of rainfall erosivity (ratio of values estimated from the resolution lower than 30-min rainfall data to those estimated from 60-min and hourly rainfall data, respectively) range from 1.85 to 1.40 (resp. from 1.89 to 1.02) for 60-min (resp. hourly) rainfall data as the time resolution increasing from 30-min to 1-min. This paper provides useful information on estimating R-factor when hourly rainfall data is only available.

  8. Effects of commuting mode on air pollution exposure and cardiovascular health among young adults in Taipei, Taiwan.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Liu, Wen-Te; Ma, Chih-Ming; Liu, I-Jung; Han, Bor-Cheng; Chuang, Hsiao-Chi; Chuang, Kai-Jen

    2015-05-01

    The association between traffic-related air pollution and adverse cardiovascular effects has been well documented; however, little is known about whether different commuting modes can modify the effects of air pollution on the cardiovascular system in human subjects in urban areas with heavy traffic. We recruited 120 young, healthy subjects in Taipei, Taiwan. Each participant was classified with different commuting modes according to his/her own commuting style. Three repeated measurements of heart rate variability (HRV) indices {standard deviation of NN intervals (SDNN) and the square root of the mean of the sum of the squares of differences between adjacent NN intervals (r-MSSD)}, particulate matter with an aerodynamic diameter ≤ 2.5 μm (PM2.5), temperature, humidity and noise level were conducted for each subject during 1-h morning commutes (0900-1000 h) in four different commuting modes, including an electrically powered subway, a gas-powered bus, a gasoline-powered car, and walking. Linear mixed-effects models were used to investigate the association of PM2.5 with HRV indices. The results showed that decreases in the HRV indices were associated with increased levels of PM2.5. The personal exposure levels to PM2.5 were the highest in the walking mode. The effects of PM2.5 on cardiovascular endpoints were the lowest in the subway mode compared to the effects in the walking mode. The participants in the car and bus modes had reduced effects on their cardiovascular endpoints compared to the participants in the walking mode. We concluded that traffic-related PM2.5 is associated with autonomic alteration. Commuting modes can modify the effects of PM2.5 on HRV indices among young, healthy subjects. Copyright © 2015 Elsevier GmbH. All rights reserved.

  9. IUSSP activities. Committee on Historical Demography. Report: Conference on Asian Population History, Taipei, Taiwan, 4-8 January 1996.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Osirike, A B

    1996-05-01

    This article presents an overview of the Asian Population History Conference held in Taipei, Taiwan, January 4-8, 1996. 41 papers were presented on seven themes: Asian population growth, epidemiological transition and public health, mortality trends in pretransitional populations, marriage patterns and demographic systems, fertility levels and trends in pretransitional Asian populations, migration and population distribution, and family systems. Papers were presented by Anthony Reid; Chris Wilson; Bruce Fetter; Sumit Guha; Sheila Zurbrigg; Timothy Dyson and Monica Das Gupta; Cameron Campbell; Robert Shepherd; Ann Jannetta; Chai-Bin Park, Eise Yokoyama, and Sadahiko Nozaki; Peter Boomgaard; Jose Antonio Ortega Osona; Osamu Saito; Ts'ui-jung Liu and Shi-yung Liu; Wen Shang Yang; Dallas Fernando; Bruce Caldwell; A. Francis Gealogo; S. Irudaya Rajan; Kiyoshi Hamano; Guo Songyi; Wang Feng and James Lee; Christopher Langford; Terence H. Hull; Paul K.C. Liu; Xizhe Peng and Yangfang Hou; Ken'ichi Tomobe; Nokiro O. Tsuya; Peter Xenos; Daniel Doeppers; Chaonan Chen and Su-fen Liu; Jiang Tao; Akira Hayami and Emiko Ochiai; Arthur P. Wolf and Chuang Ying-chang; Myron L. Cohen; Burton Pasternak; Zhongwei Zhao; Li-shou Yang, Arland Thornton, and Tamara Hareven; Chi-chun Yi and Yu-hsia Lu; Lai Huimin; Ding Yizhuang; and John Caldwell, who chaired the concluding session. John Caldwell concluded that the conference provided an impressive collection of findings on Asian population history. There was much more research possible, particularly research based on India's rich historical data archives. Research was needed to confirm the assertion that Asian mortality transition began after the two world wars. A focus on natural family planning methods used prior to the transition was suggested. International Union for Scientific Study of Population Committee Chairman David Reher suggested multidisciplinary research on Asian differences in fertility, mortality, and migration. Hayami and Ts

  10. Development and application of an integrated indoor air quality audit to an international hotel building in Taiwan.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kuo, Nae-Wen; Chiang, Hsin-Chen; Chiang, Che-Ming

    2008-12-01

    Indoor air quality (IAQ) has begun to surface as an important issue that affects the comfort and health of people; however, there is little research concerned about the IAQ monitoring of hotels up to now. Hotels are designed to provide comfortable spaces for guests. However, most complaints related to uncomfortable thermal environment and inadequate indoor air quality appear. In addition, microbial pollution can affect the health of tourists such as the Legionnaire's disease and SARS problems. This study is aimed to establish the comprehensive IAQ audit approach for hotel buildings with portable equipment, and one five-star international hotel in Taiwan was selected to exam this integrated approach. Finally, four major problems are identified after the comprehensive IAQ audit. They are: (1) low room temperature (21.8 degrees C), (2) insufficient air exchange rate (0.02 ppm), and (4) the microbial pollution (total bacteria: 2,624-3,799 CFU/m(3)). The high level of formaldehyde may be due to the emission from the detergent and cleaning agents used for housekeeping.

  11. The Effects of Coarse Particles on Daily Mortality: A Case-Crossover Study in a Subtropical City, Taipei, Taiwan

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Meng-Hsuan Cheng

    2016-03-01

    Full Text Available Many studies have examined the effects of air pollution on daily mortality over the past two decades. However, information on the relationship between levels of coarse particles (PM2.5–10 and daily mortality is relatively sparse due to the limited availability of monitoring data. Furthermore, the results are inconsistent. In the current study, the association between coarse particle levels and daily mortality in Taipei, Taiwan’s largest city, which has a subtropical climate, was undertaken for the period 2006–2008 using a time-stratified case-crossover analysis. For the single pollutant model (without adjustment for other pollutants, PM2.5–10 showed statistically significant association with total mortality both on warm and cool days, with an interquartile range increase associated with a 11% (95% CI = 6%–17% and 4% (95% CI = 1%–7% rise in number of total deaths, respectively. In two-pollutant models, PM2.5–10 remained significant effects on total mortality after the inclusion of SO2 and O3 both on warm and cool days. We observed no significant associations between PM2.5–10 and daily mortality from respiratory diseases both on warm and cool days. For daily mortality from circulatory diseases, the effect of PM2.5–10 remained significant when SO2 or O3 was added in the regression model both on warm and cool days. Future studies of this type in cities with varying climates and cultures are needed.

  12. Seasonal variations of ultra-fine and submicron aerosols in Taipei, Taiwan: implications for particle formation processes in a subtropical urban area

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    H. C. Cheung

    2016-02-01

    Full Text Available The aim of this study is to investigate the seasonal variations in the physicochemical properties of atmospheric ultra-fine particles (UFPs, d ≤ 100 nm and submicron particles (PM1, d ≤ 1 µm in an east Asian urban area, which are hypothesized to be affected by the interchange of summer and winter monsoons. An observation experiment was conducted at TARO (Taipei Aerosol and Radiation Observatory, an urban aerosol station in Taipei, Taiwan, from October 2012 to August 2013. The measurements included the mass concentration and chemical composition of UFPs and PM1, as well as the particle number concentration (PNC and the particle number size distribution (PSD with size range of 4–736 nm. The results indicated that the mass concentration of PM1 was elevated during cold seasons with a peak level of 18.5 µg m−3 in spring, whereas the highest concentration of UFPs was measured in summertime with a mean of 1.64 µg m−3. Moreover, chemical analysis revealed that the UFPs and PM1 were characterized by distinct composition; UFPs were composed mostly of organics, whereas ammonium and sulfate were the major constituents of PM1. The seasonal median of total PNCs ranged from 13.9  ×  103 cm−3 in autumn to 19.4  ×  103 cm−3 in spring. Median concentrations for respective size distribution modes peaked in different seasons. The nucleation-mode PNC (N4 − 25 peaked at 11.6  ×  103 cm−3 in winter, whereas the Aitken-mode (N25 − 100 and accumulation-mode (N100 − 736 PNC exhibited summer maxima at 6.0  ×  103 and 3.1  ×  103 cm−3, respectively. The change in PSD during summertime was attributed to the enhancement in the photochemical production of condensable organic matter that, in turn, contributed to the growth of aerosol particles in the atmosphere. In addition, clear photochemical production of particles was observed, mostly in the summer season

  13. Report on the Taipei CHEP 2010 Conference

    CERN Document Server

    CERN. Geneva

    2010-01-01

    This year, the 18th Computing in High Energy and Nuclear Physics (CHEP) conference has been held at Taipei, Taiwan, from 18-22 October 2010.CHEP conferences provide an international forum to exchange information on computing experience and needs for the High Energy Physics and Nuclear Physics communities, and to review recent, ongoing and future activities.The speakers at this Computing Seminar will present their views of the CHEP 2010 conference.

  14. Emerged HA and NA mutants of the pandemic influenza H1N1 viruses with increasing epidemiological significance in Taipei and Kaohsiung, Taiwan, 2009-10.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Chuan-Liang Kao

    Full Text Available The 2009 influenza pandemic provided an opportunity to observe dynamic changes of the hemagglutinin (HA and neuraminidase (NA of pH1N1 strains that spread in two metropolitan areas--Taipei and Kaohsiung. We observed cumulative increases of amino acid substitutions of both HA and NA that were higher in the post-peak than in the pre-peak period of the epidemic. About 14.94% and 3.44% of 174 isolates had one and two amino acids changes, respective, in the four antigenic sites. One unique adaptive mutation of HA2 (E374K was first detected three weeks before the epidemic peak. This mutation evolved through the epidemic, and finally emerged as the major circulated strain, with significantly higher frequency in the post-peak period than in the pre-peak (64.65% vs 9.28%, p<0.0001. E374K persisted until ten months post-nationwide vaccination without further antigenic changes (e.g. prior to the highest selective pressure. In public health measures, the epidemic peaked at seven weeks after oseltamivir treatment was initiated. The emerging E374K mutants spread before the first peak of school class suspension, extended their survival in high-density population areas before vaccination, dominated in the second wave of class suspension, and were fixed as herd immunity developed. The tempo-spatial spreading of E374K mutants was more concentrated during the post-peak (p = 0.000004 in seven districts with higher spatial clusters (p<0.001. This is the first study examining viral changes during the naïve phase of a pandemic of influenza through integrated virological/serological/clinical surveillance, tempo-spatial analysis, and intervention policies. The vaccination increased the percentage of E374K mutants (22.86% vs 72.34%, p<0.001 and significantly elevated the frequency of mutations in Sa antigenic site (2.36% vs 23.40%, p<0.001. Future pre-vaccination public health efforts should monitor amino acids of HA and NA of pandemic influenza viruses isolated at

  15. Explorations in Language Acquisition and Use: The Taipei Lectures.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Krashen, Stephen D.

    This book is based on a series of four lectures, presented at National Taipei University, Taiwan, which reviewed the fundamentals of second language acquisition theory, presented original research supporting the theory, offered counterarguments to criticisms, and explored new areas that appeared to have promise for progress in both theory and…

  16. Preface to the Special Issue on Potential Geohazards of the Taipei Metropolitan Area

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Yu-Chang Chan

    2010-01-01

    Full Text Available The Taipei metropolitan area is located within a complex tectonic environment where several types of geohazards may readily occur. In order to better characterize and understand the tectonic environment and related surface processes that may threaten the residents of Taipei, the Taiwan Central Geological Survey launched a then newly integrated project a few years ago aimed at gathering up-to-date tectonic, volcanic, seismic, geologic and geochemical data in the northern and offshore Taiwan. Many new and exciting findings have arisen from such a program and have provided further insight into the overall sources of geologic and seismic hazards around the Taipei metropolitan area.

  17. Natural Radiation Background in Metropolitan Taipei

    OpenAIRE

    PAO-SHAN, WENG; TIEH-CHI, CHU; CHlN-FANG, CHEN; Institute of Nuclear Science National Tsing Hua University; Radiation Laboratory, Taiwan Power Company

    1991-01-01

    A high-pressure ionization chamber was used to measure the natural background radiation in metropolitan Taipei, Taiwan, R. O. C. during a period in 1987-1988. The average exposure rate was 27.55×10^ C kg^ h^ including cosmic radiation, but the radon contribution was excluded. Scintillation survey meter, gamma-ray spectroscopy for soil samples, in-situ measurement with a NaI(Tl) detector coupled to a portable multichannel analyzer, instrumental neutron activation analysis of rock samples, and ...

  18. Fine particulate matter events associated with synoptic weather patterns, long-range transport paths and mixing height in the Taipei Basin, Taiwan

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lai, Li-Wei

    2015-07-01

    Asian dust storms (ADS) and PM2.5 (particle pollution) events have an evident influence on air quality in Taiwan. However, the synoptic weather patterns and atmospheric conditions on ADS days are not entirely similar to those related to PM2.5 event days. The aim of this study is to clarify the weather characteristics such as synoptic weather patterns, long-range transport paths, and stagnant conditions that precipitate PM2.5 events. Air quality and meteorological data from 2006 to 2013 were obtained from government-owned observation stations, and the mixing height was estimated in relation to the Nozaki planetary boundary layer height. This study used back trajectories as simulated gridded analysis data, which were based on kinematic trajectory analysis using NASA's GMAO (Global Modeling Assimilation Office) and NCEP (National Centers for Environmental Prediction) analyses. For testing the differences between means of two large, independent samples, the confidence interval of a common statistical indicator was employed. The results show that in comparison to low PM2.5 level days, weather features such as stagnant conditions, including low mixing height and low wind speed, low rainfall amount, and high solar hours, are favorable for inducing PM2.5 events. Eighty percent of the synoptic weather patterns on PM2.5 days were associated with either polar continental high pressure, a high-pressure system in mainland China moving from the continent to the sea, or a stationary front stretching from southern China to the East Sea, and moving eastwards. More than 81% of the contributing factors of the causes of PM2.5 events were found to be related to stagnant conditions. The pattern of the contributing factors causing the maximum-recorded concentration of PM2.5, (73.90 μg/m3) was attributed to local emissions, and a long-range transport time that was extended for a longer period over the land than over the sea. The synoptic weather patterns were also found to affect the

  19. Safe-Taipei a Program Project for Strong Motions, Active Faults, and Earthquakes in the Taipei Metropolitan Area

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wang, Jeen-Hwa

    Strong collision between the Eurasian and Philippine Sea Plates causes high seismicity in the Taiwan region, which is often attacked by large earthquakes. Several cities, including three mega-cities, i.e., Taipei, Taichung, and Kaoshung, have been constructed on western Taiwan, where is lying on thick sediments. These cities, with a high-population density, are usually a regional center of culture, economics, and politics. Historically, larger-sized earthquakes, e.g. the 1935 Hsingchu—Taichung earthquake and the 1999 Chi—Chi earthquake, often caused serious damage on the cities. Hence, urban seismology must be one of the main subjects of Taiwan's seismological community. Since 2005, a program project, sponsored by Academia Sinica, has been launched to investigate seismological problems in the Taipei Metropolitan Area. This program project is performed during the 2005—2007 period. The core research subjects are: (1) the deployment of the Taipei Down-hole Seismic Array; (2) the properties of earthquakes and active faults in the area; (3) the seismogenic-zone structures, including the 3-D velocity and Q structures, of the area; (4) the characteristics of strong-motions and sites affects; and (5) strong-motion prediction. In addition to academic goals, the results obtained from the program project will be useful for seismic hazard mitigation not only for the area but also for others.

  20. Urban Seismology in the Taipei Metropolitan Area: Review and Prospective

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jeen-Hwa Wang

    2008-01-01

    Full Text Available A strong collision between the Eurasian and Philippine Sea Plates causes high seismicity in the Taiwan region. A substantial number of cities and large towns exist on thick sediments in western Taiwan. Larger-magnitude inland earthquakes, for example the 1999 Chi-Chi earthquake, can cause serious damage in urban areas. Consequently, urban seismology is of great interest to the local seismological community. The Taipei Metropolitan Area (TMA is the political, economic, and cultural center of Taiwan. It is situated over a region where the Philippine Sea plate subducts the Eurasian plate. Although seismicity in the TMA is lower than other areas of Taiwan, earthquakes still occur. Seismic risk mitigation is of grave concern in the TMA because of its high population, number of tall buildings, mass rapid transit system, and two nearby nuclear power plants. In this article, procedures for seismic risk mitigation, previous studies, core issues for future research and related topics are described and reviewed.

  1. AB017. The extended newborn screening by tandem mass in Taiwan—results from two national newborn screening centers: Taipei Institute of Pathology & Chinese Foundation of Health

    OpenAIRE

    Niu, Dau-Ming; Chiang, Chuan-Chi; Ho, Hui-Chen

    2015-01-01

    Since 2001, tandem mass spectrometry was introduced for newborn screening by two Taiwan national newborn screening centers: Taipei Institute of Pathology and Chinese Foundation of Health, in Taiwan, respectively. A total of 24 metabolic disorders, including 6 amino acidopathies, 8 organic acid disorders and 9 fatty acid disorders, etc., were screened and the newborns with positive screening result were referred to Taipei Veterans General Hospital for confirmatory diagnosis. Until Dec 2014, a ...

  2. A Study of Fifth Graders' Environmental Learning Outcomes in Taipei

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lai, Ching-San

    2018-01-01

    Environmental education has recently received much more attention than before among elementary school students' science learning in Taiwan. The major purpose of this study is to explore the learning outcomes on environmental education for 5th graders in Taipei. A quasi-experimental design with a single group was used in this study. Students in the…

  3. The Educational Strategies of Citizens' Identification and Recognition for Sustainable Urban Development in Taipei

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kuo, Fan-Sheng; Perng, Yeng-Horng

    2016-01-01

    Creating an attractive cityscape has become one of the most promising actions to improve urban functionality and increase urban competitiveness. However, the resistances from the local inhabitants are always against the urban development. Taipei City, a metropolis in Taiwan, is now composed of complex urban systems chaotically enclosed by existing…

  4. Bombay Hotel

    International Development Research Centre (IDRC) Digital Library (Canada)

    Bombay Hotel, comprising of about 25,000 households living in an area of about 1 sq.km, located beside the Pirana garbage dump along the Sarkhej-Narol highway. Numerous factors, including urban planning and govermance, have played a role in shaping this subdivision and the conditions of tenure security and land ...

  5. Hotelling's webshop

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Lijesen, M.G.

    2013-01-01

    We extend Hotelling's model of spatial competition by adding an outside good, provided by a webshop. Unlike the commonly used reservation price, the price of the webshop is endogenous. We establish that a Nash equilibrium exists if the outside good is not too different from the goods sold by the

  6. Probability estimates of seismic event occurrence compared to health hazards - Forecasting Taipei's Earthquakes

    Science.gov (United States)

    Fung, D. C. N.; Wang, J. P.; Chang, S. H.; Chang, S. C.

    2014-12-01

    Using a revised statistical model built on past seismic probability models, the probability of different magnitude earthquakes occurring within variable timespans can be estimated. The revised model is based on Poisson distribution and includes the use of best-estimate values of the probability distribution of different magnitude earthquakes recurring from a fault from literature sources. Our study aims to apply this model to the Taipei metropolitan area with a population of 7 million, which lies in the Taipei Basin and is bounded by two normal faults: the Sanchaio and Taipei faults. The Sanchaio fault is suggested to be responsible for previous large magnitude earthquakes, such as the 1694 magnitude 7 earthquake in northwestern Taipei (Cheng et. al., 2010). Based on a magnitude 7 earthquake return period of 543 years, the model predicts the occurrence of a magnitude 7 earthquake within 20 years at 1.81%, within 79 years at 6.77% and within 300 years at 21.22%. These estimates increase significantly when considering a magnitude 6 earthquake; the chance of one occurring within the next 20 years is estimated to be 3.61%, 79 years at 13.54% and 300 years at 42.45%. The 79 year period represents the average lifespan of the Taiwan population. In contrast, based on data from 2013, the probability of Taiwan residents experiencing heart disease or malignant neoplasm is 11.5% and 29%. The inference of this study is that the calculated risk that the Taipei population is at from a potentially damaging magnitude 6 or greater earthquake occurring within their lifetime is just as great as of suffering from a heart attack or other health ailments.

  7. Entangled Web: The Wikileaks and US-China Rivalries over Taiwan

    National Research Council Canada - National Science Library

    Christopher Y Huang; Joseph Tse-Hei Lee

    2013-01-01

      This article draws on the Wikileaks' American diplomatic cables from Beijing and Taipei to examine the joint efforts by China and the United States to prevent Taiwan, particularly under Chen Shui...

  8. HOTEL MANAGEMENT AND QUALITY OF HOTEL SERVICES

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ivica Batinić

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available In conditions of increasing global competition, demands and needs of consumers, quality and quality management have become fundamental strategic factors of achieving profitability and competitiveness on the relentless tourism market. Any serious "top" hotel management, with a defined mission, vision and goals, must define a "special policy" of improving the quality of hotel services through "structural programs of quality improvement," which have become an important factor in the hotel business. With the design, introduction and control of a "special program" of quality improvement of hotel services, hotel management can have a positive impact on increasing satisfaction of customers and human resources, increasing competitiveness and market power of the hotel, the rationalization of operating costs and enhance the reputation and value of the hotel on the demanding tourist market.

  9. Hotel Crowdfunding Grows Up

    OpenAIRE

    Joshua Bowman

    2015-01-01

    Hotel crowdfunding is gaining momentum. Many of the largest real estate crowdfunding sites (such as Realty Mogul, Fundriser, Real Crowd and Prodigy Networks) frequently have hotel private placements mixed in with offerings for other types of real estate. In addition, a few crowdfunding sites that specifically focus on hotel crowdfunding have been created. The first hotel crowdfunding website dedicated solely to the hospitality industry was Hotel Innvestor, although others sites have recently ...

  10. Hotel Crowdfunding Grows Up

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Joshua Bowman

    2015-08-01

    Full Text Available Hotel crowdfunding is gaining momentum. Many of the largest real estate crowdfunding sites (such as Realty Mogul, Fundriser, Real Crowd and Prodigy Networks frequently have hotel private placements mixed in with offerings for other types of real estate. In addition, a few crowdfunding sites that specifically focus on hotel crowdfunding have been created. The first hotel crowdfunding website dedicated solely to the hospitality industry was Hotel Innvestor, although others sites have recently been created such as iCrowdHotels and Equity Roots.

  11. Indoor air quality in hairdressing salons in Taipei.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Chang, C-J; Cheng, S-F; Chang, P-T; Tsai, S-W

    2018-01-01

    To improve indoor air quality and to protect public health, Taiwan has enacted the "Indoor Air Quality Act (IAQ Act)" in 2012. For the general public, the indoor air quality in hair salons is important because it is a popular location that people will often visit for hair treatments. However, only a few exposure assessments regarding air pollutants have previously been performed in hair salons. To assess the air quality of hairdressing environments in Taipei, ten hairdressing salons were included for a walk-through survey in this study. In addition, the airborne concentrations of formaldehyde, volatile organic compounds (VOCs), CO 2 , and phthalate esters were also determined in 5 salons. Charcoal, XAD-2, and OVS-Tenax tubes were used for the air sampling, while the samples were analyzed with gas chromatography/mass spectrometer. It was found that the products used in hair salons contained various chemicals. In fact, from the walk-through survey, a total of 387 different ingredients were found on 129 hair product labels. The hair salons were not well ventilated, with CO 2 levels of 600 to 3576 ppm. The formaldehyde concentrations determined in this study ranged from 12.40 to 1.04 × 10 3  μg m -3 , and the maximum level was above the permissible exposure limit (PEL) of US Occupational Safety and Health Administration (US OSHA). Additionally, 83% of the samples were with levels higher than the standard regulated by Taiwan's IAQ Act. The concentrations of VOCs and phthalate esters were below the occupational exposure limits (OELs), but higher than what was found in general residential environments. The hair products were considered as the major source of air pollutants because significantly higher concentrations were found around the working areas. The number of perming treatments, the number of workers, and the frequency of using formaldehyde releasing products, were found to be associated with the levels of formaldehyde. This study indicates that efforts are

  12. The Hotel Pricing Strategy

    OpenAIRE

    Cibulková, Michaela

    2013-01-01

    The main purpose of this thesis is an analysis of pricing strategy of Hotel Imperial and its evaluation, which should results in proposal of changes leading to increase of effectivity and hotel's income. The diploma thesis is divided into four main parts. The first two chapters are devoted to a theoretical description of pricing strategy and distribution channels used in hotel business. The third part is focused on the analysis of hotel itself and its pricing strategy. The final chapter summa...

  13. Estimation of Fine Particulate Matter in Taipei Using Landuse Regression and Bayesian Maximum Entropy Methods

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Yi-Ming Kuo

    2011-06-01

    Full Text Available Fine airborne particulate matter (PM2.5 has adverse effects on human health. Assessing the long-term effects of PM2.5 exposure on human health and ecology is often limited by a lack of reliable PM2.5 measurements. In Taipei, PM2.5 levels were not systematically measured until August, 2005. Due to the popularity of geographic information systems (GIS, the landuse regression method has been widely used in the spatial estimation of PM concentrations. This method accounts for the potential contributing factors of the local environment, such as traffic volume. Geostatistical methods, on other hand, account for the spatiotemporal dependence among the observations of ambient pollutants. This study assesses the performance of the landuse regression model for the spatiotemporal estimation of PM2.5 in the Taipei area. Specifically, this study integrates the landuse regression model with the geostatistical approach within the framework of the Bayesian maximum entropy (BME method. The resulting epistemic framework can assimilate knowledge bases including: (a empirical-based spatial trends of PM concentration based on landuse regression, (b the spatio-temporal dependence among PM observation information, and (c site-specific PM observations. The proposed approach performs the spatiotemporal estimation of PM2.5 levels in the Taipei area (Taiwan from 2005–2007.

  14. Estimation of fine particulate matter in Taipei using landuse regression and bayesian maximum entropy methods.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Yu, Hwa-Lung; Wang, Chih-Hsih; Liu, Ming-Che; Kuo, Yi-Ming

    2011-06-01

    Fine airborne particulate matter (PM2.5) has adverse effects on human health. Assessing the long-term effects of PM2.5 exposure on human health and ecology is often limited by a lack of reliable PM2.5 measurements. In Taipei, PM2.5 levels were not systematically measured until August, 2005. Due to the popularity of geographic information systems (GIS), the landuse regression method has been widely used in the spatial estimation of PM concentrations. This method accounts for the potential contributing factors of the local environment, such as traffic volume. Geostatistical methods, on other hand, account for the spatiotemporal dependence among the observations of ambient pollutants. This study assesses the performance of the landuse regression model for the spatiotemporal estimation of PM2.5 in the Taipei area. Specifically, this study integrates the landuse regression model with the geostatistical approach within the framework of the Bayesian maximum entropy (BME) method. The resulting epistemic framework can assimilate knowledge bases including: (a) empirical-based spatial trends of PM concentration based on landuse regression, (b) the spatio-temporal dependence among PM observation information, and (c) site-specific PM observations. The proposed approach performs the spatiotemporal estimation of PM2.5 levels in the Taipei area (Taiwan) from 2005-2007.

  15. Administrative Prevalence of Autism Spectrum Disorders Based on National Disability Registers in Taiwan

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lin, Jin-Ding; Lin, Lan-Ping; Wu, Jia-Ling

    2009-01-01

    The aim of this paper was to describe the over time prevalence of autism from 2000 to 2007 in Taiwan, with particular focus on the age, gender, prevalence and causes. We analyzed data from the public web-access information collected by the Department of Statistics, Ministry of the Interiors, Taipei, Taiwan. The data included: (1) the physically…

  16. GREENING HOTELS - BUILDING GREEN VALUES INTO HOTEL SERVICES

    National Research Council Canada - National Science Library

    Darija Hays; Durdana Ozretic-Dosen

    2014-01-01

      The objective of this paper is to enhance knowledge about greening hotel services and the possibilities it provides for successful hotel management as well as for enrichment of hotel guest experiences...

  17. Differences in Spontaneous Intracerebral Hemorrhage Cases between Urban and Rural Regions of Taiwan: Big Data Analytics of Government Open Data

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Hsien-Wei Ting

    2017-12-01

    Full Text Available This study evaluated the differences in spontaneous intracerebral hemorrhage (sICH between rural and urban areas of Taiwan with big data analysis. We used big data analytics and visualization tools to examine government open data, which included the residents’ health medical administrative data, economic status, educational status, and relevant information. The study subjects included sICH patients of Taipei region (29,741 cases and Eastern Taiwan (4565 cases. The incidence of sICH per 100,000 population per year in Eastern Taiwan (71.3 cases was significantly higher than that of the Taipei region (42.3 cases. The mean coverage area per hospital in Eastern Taiwan (452.4 km2 was significantly larger than the Taipei region (24 km2. The residents educational level in the Taipei region was significantly higher than that in Eastern Taiwan. The mean hospital length of stay in the Taipei region (17.9 days was significantly greater than that in Eastern Taiwan (16.3 days (p < 0.001. There were no significant differences in other medical profiles between two areas. Distance and educational barriers were two possible reasons for the higher incidence of sICH in the rural area of Eastern Taiwan. Further studies are necessary in order to understand these phenomena in greater depth.

  18. Differences in Spontaneous Intracerebral Hemorrhage Cases between Urban and Rural Regions of Taiwan: Big Data Analytics of Government Open Data.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ting, Hsien-Wei; Chien, Ting-Ying; Lai, K Robert; Pan, Ren-Hao; Wu, Kuan-Hsien; Chen, Jun-Min; Chan, Chien-Lung

    2017-12-10

    This study evaluated the differences in spontaneous intracerebral hemorrhage (sICH) between rural and urban areas of Taiwan with big data analysis. We used big data analytics and visualization tools to examine government open data, which included the residents' health medical administrative data, economic status, educational status, and relevant information. The study subjects included sICH patients of Taipei region (29,741 cases) and Eastern Taiwan (4565 cases). The incidence of sICH per 100,000 population per year in Eastern Taiwan (71.3 cases) was significantly higher than that of the Taipei region (42.3 cases). The mean coverage area per hospital in Eastern Taiwan (452.4 km²) was significantly larger than the Taipei region (24 km²). The residents educational level in the Taipei region was significantly higher than that in Eastern Taiwan. The mean hospital length of stay in the Taipei region (17.9 days) was significantly greater than that in Eastern Taiwan (16.3 days) (p < 0.001). There were no significant differences in other medical profiles between two areas. Distance and educational barriers were two possible reasons for the higher incidence of sICH in the rural area of Eastern Taiwan. Further studies are necessary in order to understand these phenomena in greater depth.

  19. Earthquake damage scenario simulation of a water supply system in Taipei

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lin, Ji-Hao; Chen, Walter W.

    2008-10-01

    Taiwan is located in the Circum-Pacific Belt and at the junction of the Philippine Sea Plate and the Eurasian Plate. The island is squeezed over a long period of time, so the frequency of the occurrence of earthquakes is very high. Changes of terrain due to seismic forces such as fault ruptures and surface uplifts could cause extensive damage to water pipeline networks. The 921 Ji-Ji earthquake was one of the most serious disasters in recent years in Taiwan, and it indeed resulted in the most severe damage of water supply systems. The urban water supply network is very important for municipal water management in Taiwan. If the water supply systems break down, hospitals and fire stations will not have enough water to carry out the rescue work, and the results may worsen the disasters. This study took the water supply system of the West District in Taipei City as an example. First, the metro-Taipei area was split into three hundred and twenty-seven 1 km by 1 km cells. Second, the location of a simulated earthquake was determined. Third, the Peak Ground Acceleration (PGA) value of each cell was calculated by an empirical formula. Fourth, the Repair Rate (RR) of each cell was calculated based on its PGA value. Fifth, using the GIRAFFE software developed by Cornell University, the Monte Carlo simulation method was used to simulate the possible damage to the water supply system. And finally, the EPANET program developed by the US Environmental Protection Agency was applied to compute the distribution of flow volumes and water pressures of the damaged water supply system. Results of the pipeline network under different scenarios of earthquake magnitudes are shown in this study, and they provide an evaluation basis to decision makers to improve the pipeline infrastructures for fire protection after major earthquakes.

  20. Differentiating emotional hotel experiences

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Desmet, P.M.A.; Guiza Caicedo, D.; Van Hout, M.

    2009-01-01

    Emotions experienced in response to hotel services were examined with an online questionnaire. The study resulted in 348 cases of hotel service emotions. The frequency of reported pleasant emotions was similar to the frequency of reported unpleasant emotions. Often reported pleasant emotions were

  1. The Infinite Hotel

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wanko, Jeffrey J.

    2009-01-01

    This article provides a historical context for the debate between Georg Cantor and Leopold Kronecker regarding the cardinality of different infinities and incorporates the short story "Welcome to the Hotel Infinity," which uses the analogy of a hotel with an infinite number of rooms to help explain this concept. Wanko makes use of this history and…

  2. Taiwan: Major U.S. Arms Sales Since 1990

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-11-29

    sell military parts (including an F-16 fighter engine) to the PRC. U.S. Immigration and Customs Enforcement (ICE) stated that it deported Moo to Taipei...agreements with South Korea, Colombia , and Panama. Senator John Kerry expressed opposition, including Taiwan: Major U.S. Arms Sales Since 1990

  3. Attracting International Hotels

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Assaf, A. George; Josiassen, Alexander; Agbola, Frank Wogbe

    2015-01-01

    With the increased international competition facing hotel chains, it is essential that the next destination they enter is the most attractive option possible. The host destinations too have a keen interest in strategically positioning themselves in order to attract international hotels since...... their presence has several positive effects. Using, for the first time, actual on-location data we investigate the factors that matter most for international hotels when selecting host destinations. Specifically, we identify 23 factors that make a destination an attractive (or unattractive) location...... for international hotels. We then rank these. The results show that welcomeness, infrastructure, and crime rate are the three most important factors that influence the location of international hotels in host destinations....

  4. [Achievements in anatomy education by Dr. Otto Mori in Taiwan].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mori, Chisato

    2008-12-01

    My grandfather, Otto Mori (1980-1967) was one of the founders of anatomy education in Japan from 1940s to 1960s. While he was the director of Department of Medicine of Taipei Imperial University, he made efforts to establish the medical and anatomical education in Taiwan. Introduction of the achievement of anatomy education in Taiwan is important to know the history of anatomy education in Japan. I visited Taiwan National University (former Taipei Imperial University) in 2005, which was 60 years after Otto Mori started his life as a professor in Taiwan, and 110 years after Rintaro (Ogai) Mori, my great-grandfather stayed shortly in Taiwan after Japan-China War. After the World War II, there has been very few opportunity of communication between anatomy labs of Taiwan and Japan. In Taiwan, more than 70 years ago, Japanese style anatomy education was established, however, after the WW II, they learned education style from the U.S. Chiba University exchange "sister universities" agreement between National Taiwan University in 2007, and started exchange communication regarding anatomy education and scientific research. It is meaningful to learn from excellent education system of old Japan when we communicate with National Taiwan University.

  5. Promoting a safer practice environment as related to occupational tuberculosis: a nursing care quality issue in Taiwan.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Tzeng, Huey-Ming

    2005-01-01

    As a result of a recent cluster of tuberculosis (TB) transmission among healthcare providers in a regional teaching hospital in Taipei, Taiwan, there has been growing concern about occupational health hazards, especially of communicable diseases, faced by our nurses in practice. Tuberculosis is an invisible killer of nurses in the process of nursing care delivery. This descriptive article briefly reviews the epidemiology of TB in Taiwan, discusses the recent cluster of TB transmission in Taipei, and reviews relevant studies of occupational hazards. This article also focuses nurses' attention on relevant legislation and hospital policies related to occupational hazards in Taiwan. Suggestions and practice implications are discussed.

  6. Grand Hotel prijutil hudozhnikov

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    2004-01-01

    Raadioajakirjanik Lea Veelmaa lindistas "Kunstikanali" 2004. a. esimese saate Grand Hotel Viljandis. Saatekülaliseks oli maalikunstnik Andres Tolts. Toltsi kaheksa akrüülmaali on eksponeeritud hotelli fuajees ja restoranis

  7. Internationalization and Hotel Performance

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Assaf, Albert G.; Josiassen, Alexander; Oh, Haemon

    2016-01-01

    Few industries are as inherently international as the hotel industry. This article sets out to investigate the impact of internationalization on performance in the hotel industry. Building on the theory of organizational learning the authors test several hypotheses regarding the shape of the inte......Few industries are as inherently international as the hotel industry. This article sets out to investigate the impact of internationalization on performance in the hotel industry. Building on the theory of organizational learning the authors test several hypotheses regarding the shape...... of the internationalization–performance relationship as well as the impact of four moderating variables. In line with the research aim and the underlying dynamism of organizational learning theory, these hypotheses are tested using a dynamic Bayesian model. The results indicate that internationalization has a U-shaped impact...

  8. Metal concentrations in sediments of the Tamsui River, flows through central metropolitan Taipei.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lai, Dong-Shang; Lin, Jye-Bin; Liu, Wen-Shan; Pan, Lung-Kwang; Chu, Kuang-Hua; Chen, Chien-Yi; Lin, Ding-Bang

    2010-05-01

    This work analyzed metal concentrations and potential sources of sediment pollutants in the Tamsui River, Taiwan, by instrumental neutron activation analysis. The Tamsui River, the second longest of Taiwan's three major rivers, flows through metropolitan Taipei City in northern Taiwan and is renowned for its preserved mangrove wetlands. In total 11 elements Al, As, Br, Cs, Fe, La, Mg. Mn, Na, Sc, and Ti were identified in 24 samples taken from three sites upriver, the mangrove area and estuary during the spring of 2004. Specifically, the most abundant Al metal concentration was 15.6-0.92 mg/g adopted as standard reference in this study. Only few sites had As at the statistical meaning (>DL). Furthermore, arsenic concentrations fluctuated at roughly 0.67 +/- 0.09 mg/kg based on variations in background counts in various gamma-ray spectra. Elemental concentrations of these elements were compared with those in other nations, and discussed in the context of enrichment factors calculated for elements using the earth crust of various sediments as references, based on elemental values of Al.

  9. The application of seismic risk-benefit analysis to land use planning in Taipei City.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hung, Hung-Chih; Chen, Liang-Chun

    2007-09-01

    In the developing countries of Asia local authorities rarely use risk analysis instruments as a decision-making support mechanism during planning and development procedures. The main purpose of this paper is to provide a methodology to enable planners to undertake such analyses. We illustrate a case study of seismic risk-benefit analysis for the city of Taipei, Taiwan, using available land use maps and surveys as well as a new tool developed by the National Science Council in Taiwan--the HAZ-Taiwan earthquake loss estimation system. We use three hypothetical earthquakes to estimate casualties and total and annualised direct economic losses, and to show their spatial distribution. We also characterise the distribution of vulnerability over the study area using cluster analysis. A risk-benefit ratio is calculated to express the levels of seismic risk attached to alternative land use plans. This paper suggests ways to perform earthquake risk evaluations and the authors intend to assist city planners to evaluate the appropriateness of their planning decisions.

  10. Differentiating emotional hotel experiences

    OpenAIRE

    Desmet, P.M.A.; Guiza Caicedo, D.; Van Hout, M.

    2009-01-01

    Emotions experienced in response to hotel services were examined with an online questionnaire. The study resulted in 348 cases of hotel service emotions. The frequency of reported pleasant emotions was similar to the frequency of reported unpleasant emotions. Often reported pleasant emotions were satisfaction, enjoyment, and admiration. Often reported unpleasant emotions were dissatisfaction, aversion, and boredom. Some conditions were found to elicit both pleasant and unpleasant emotions (e....

  11. History and development of ophthalmology in Taiwan

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Yu-Chih Hou

    2016-12-01

    Full Text Available Western medicine was first introduced to Taiwan by medical missionaries in the mid-19th century. Modernization of medicine was systematically transplanted to Taiwan in the Japanese colonial period, and ophthalmology was established third among hospital departments, following internal medicine and surgery. Dr Hidetaka Yamaguchi, an ophthalmologist, was the first head of the Taihoku Hospital, later known as National Taiwan University Hospital (NTUH; Taipei, Taiwan. Ophthalmologists during the colonial period conducted studies on tropical and infectious eye diseases. After World War II, ophthalmologists at NTUH played an important role in medical education, residency training, studies, and teaching. Dr Yan-Fei Yang established the Taiwan Ophthalmological Society in 1960 and instituted its official journal in 1962. Dr Ho-Ming Lin established the Department of Ophthalmology at the Tri-Service General Hospital in the 1950s and the Veterans General Hospital in the 1960s. Taiwan ophthalmologists eradicated trachoma by 1971. Cataract surgery and penetrating keratoplasty were initially performed in the 1960s. Currently, there are about 1600 ophthalmologists in Taiwan conducting an estimated 120,000 cataract surgeries and 600 corneal transplantations annually. Many subspecialty societies have been established recently that serve to educate Taiwanese ophthalmologists and to connect with international ophthalmic societies. Taiwan ophthalmologists continue to contribute to the advancement of ophthalmic knowledge globally.

  12. Quantum Hilbert Hotel.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Potoček, Václav; Miatto, Filippo M; Mirhosseini, Mohammad; Magaña-Loaiza, Omar S; Liapis, Andreas C; Oi, Daniel K L; Boyd, Robert W; Jeffers, John

    2015-10-16

    In 1924 David Hilbert conceived a paradoxical tale involving a hotel with an infinite number of rooms to illustrate some aspects of the mathematical notion of "infinity." In continuous-variable quantum mechanics we routinely make use of infinite state spaces: here we show that such a theoretical apparatus can accommodate an analog of Hilbert's hotel paradox. We devise a protocol that, mimicking what happens to the guests of the hotel, maps the amplitudes of an infinite eigenbasis to twice their original quantum number in a coherent and deterministic manner, producing infinitely many unoccupied levels in the process. We demonstrate the feasibility of the protocol by experimentally realizing it on the orbital angular momentum of a paraxial field. This new non-Gaussian operation may be exploited, for example, for enhancing the sensitivity of NOON states, for increasing the capacity of a channel, or for multiplexing multiple channels into a single one.

  13. Innovative technologies in business hotels

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Анастасия Игоревна Сидоренко

    2015-10-01

    Full Text Available The article analyzes the state and prospects of development of the hotel industry sector in Ukraine, aimed at a business audience that is constantly increasing; the need for the development and implementation of innovative technologies in a business hotel, because in the long term they will provide improving the service levels, the occupancy rate of the hotel rooms and competitiveness. An expediency of introducing innovative wireless LED lighting system in the rooms of business hotels is proved

  14. Applying revised gap analysis model in measuring hotel service quality.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lee, Yu-Cheng; Wang, Yu-Che; Chien, Chih-Hung; Wu, Chia-Huei; Lu, Shu-Chiung; Tsai, Sang-Bing; Dong, Weiwei

    2016-01-01

    With the number of tourists coming to Taiwan growing by 10-20 % since 2010, the number has increased due to an increasing number of foreign tourists, particularly after deregulation allowed admitting tourist groups, followed later on by foreign individual tourists, from mainland China. The purpose of this study is to propose a revised gap model to evaluate and improve service quality in Taiwanese hotel industry. Thus, service quality could be clearly measured through gap analysis, which was more effective for offering direction in developing and improving service quality. The HOLSERV instrument was used to identify and analyze service gaps from the perceptions of internal and external customers. The sample for this study included three main categories of respondents: tourists, employees, and managers. The results show that five gaps influenced tourists' evaluations of service quality. In particular, the study revealed that Gap 1 (management perceptions vs. customer expectations) and Gap 9 (service provider perceptions of management perceptions vs. service delivery) were more critical than the others in affecting perceived service quality, making service delivery the main area of improvement. This study contributes toward an evaluation of the service quality of the Taiwanese hotel industry from the perspectives of customers, service providers, and managers, which is considerably valuable for hotel managers. It was the aim of this study to explore all of these together in order to better understand the possible gaps in the hotel industry in Taiwan.

  15. El único hotel asociado con summit hotels & resorts en Colombia - Hotel Bogotá Plaza

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Diana Carolina Rojas

    2008-11-01

    Full Text Available Es importante conocer acerca de la historia del Hotel Bogotá Plaza. Este es el primer hotel del norte de Bogotá. La misión del hotel es permanecer en el corazón de los huéspedes y visitantes, al satisfacer sus deseos con amor, calidez, amabilidad, seguridad y servicio de excelente calidad. Desde 1996 el Bogotá Plaza Hotel ha pertenecido a Summit Hotels & Resorts. Esta es una firma que proporciona al hotel un sistema de reservas por Internet, esta alianza ha generado que el hotel sea reconocido en muchos países del mundo. Summit además se ha establecido como una organización líder en ventas, mercadeo y reservas hoteleras del mundo. Es importante asociarse con compañías destacadas así como lo hizo el Hotel Bogotá Plaza.

  16. Hotel Online Marketing: The Bugibba Hotel, Radisson Blu Resort Malta, St. Julian's, Preluna Hotel & SPA

    OpenAIRE

    Dinh Quynh, Mai

    2013-01-01

    The thesis covers the study of online marketing theory, a very popular trend of marketing nowadays, especially Search Engine Optimization (SEO) and Google Adwords Campaign in the analyses of the online marketing practices of three hotels from different areas and standards in Malta, namely The Bugibba Hotel, Preluna Hotel & SPA and Radisson Blu Resort Malta, St. Julian’s. From the analyses, the thesis aims at suggesting Preluna Hotel & SPA optimal online marketing practices and answering t...

  17. Et dansk hotell

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Baca, Susan; Busck, Ole Gunni

    Rapporten præsenterer resultatet af en undersøgelse af, hvorledes et hotel i Nordjylland fungerer som arbejdsplads for indvandrere af overvejende ikke-vestlig oprindelse. Der fokuseres på i hvilket omfang og gennem hvilke mekanismer arbejdsmiljjøet i bred forstand, herunder forhold i ledelsen...

  18. Grote Hotels in Amsterdam

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Vermeer, G.

    2014-01-01

    De reiziger die Amsterdam binnenkomt via het Centraal Station ziet rechts van het Damrak meteen een beknopte geschiedenis van de hotelbouw in Amsterdam. Op de hoek, om twee kleinere huisjes heen, staat het oudste deel van het Victoriahotel (nu Victoria Plaza Hotel), dat in 1890 zijn deuren opende.

  19. Aarauerhof Hotel – Suiza

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Dahinden, J.

    1975-05-01

    Full Text Available The hotel consists of basement, ground floor, first floor and other blocks of different heights, in which there is a total of 80 beds. So as to take advantage of the proximity to the railway station, in front of which the hotel is situated, the gastronomy section has been planned on the ground floor. On the first floor are the living rooms and conference rooms and the main one contains the fashion shops that extend over three floors. The first basement has a discotec; and in the second are situated the storage rooms and the installations of the building. The hotel is further completed by two storeys of subterranean parking space, situated below the square in front of the railway station.Está compuesto por sótanos, planta baja, planta primera y cuerpos elevados de distintas alturas, en los que se distribuyen un total de 80 camas. Para aprovechar la proximidad de la estación de ferrocarril, en cuya plaza se halla este hotel, se ha colocado la sección de gastronomía en la planta baja. En el primer nivel se encuentran las salas de estar y de reunión, y el principal aloja las tiendas de modas, que ocupan tres alturas. El primer sótano contiene una discoteca; y en el segundo se distribuyen los almacenes e instalaciones del edificio. El hotel se completa con dos plantas de aparcamiento subterráneo situadas bajo la plaza de la estación.

  20. TRENDS IN CROATIAN HOTEL INDUSTRY

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jasmina GRZINIC

    2008-01-01

    Full Text Available Tourism and hotel business is becoming one of the leading industries of theworld. Therefore, an increased attention needs to be paid to the study oftrends in tourism because they determine the trends in hotel industry. Thepurpose of the paper is to point out the importance of hotel industry as one ofthe most important elements of development in tourist economies. The paperaims at introducing the newest trends in modern hotel industry and offering areview of the recent trends of demand and the directions of hotel industrydevelopment. The importance of hotel industry on both micro and macro, i.e.global level is increasing. Besides a series of theoretical representations andconclusions, this paper brings some concrete data and examples frompractice in hotel management.

  1. Closing the Gap: The Effect of China’s Rise on Taiwan’s Independence Policy

    Science.gov (United States)

    2008-06-01

    sovereignty issue arose with the discussion over the route of the Olympic torch on its way to Beijing. Taipei rejected the route chosen by the...resolve the wording and routing satisfactorily for both sides resulted in the Olympic Torch bypassing Taiwan.147 3. Independence Policy The convergence...2008). 146 Brown, "China - Taiwan Relations: Dueling in the International Arena," 94. 147 “ Torch Relay Calendar,” The Official Website of the

  2. Contemporary Trends in East Asian Higher Education: Dispositions of International Students in a Taiwan University

    Science.gov (United States)

    Roberts, Amy; Chou, Prudence; Ching, Greg

    2010-01-01

    This article details a mixed methods study conducted during the 2007-2008 academic year at the National Chengchi University (NCCU) in Taipei Taiwan. It contributes to discourse examining the opportunities and challenges of international student enrollments in institutions of higher learning around the globe. In scope it details an empirical study…

  3. Analysis of Taipei Basin Response for Earthquakes of Various Depths and Locations Using Empirical Data

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Vladimir Sokolov

    2009-01-01

    Full Text Available The response of Taipei basin upon earthquake excitation was studied using records of recent earthquakes. The strong-motion database includes records obtained at 32 stations of the Taipei TSMIP net work from 83 deep and 142 shallow earthquakes (M > 4.0 that occurred in 1992 - 2004. The characteristics of frequency-de pendent site response were obtained as spectral ratios between the actual earthquake records (horizontal components and those modelled for a hypothetical Very Hard Rock (VHR condition. The models for VHR spectra of Taiwan earthquakes had been recently proposed by Sokolov et al. (2005b, 2006. Analysis of site response characteristics and comparison with simple 1D models of the soil column resulted in the following conclusions: (1 The spectral ratios through out the basin obtained from deep earth quakes (depth > 35 km exhibit good agreement with the theoretical ratios calculated using the 1D models constructed using avail able geological and geotechnical data. (2 The spectral ratios obtained from shallow earth quakes show influence of: (a surface waves generated when travelling from distant sources to the basin and (b relatively low-frequency (< 1 - 2 Hz waves generated within the basin. (3 Some shallow earth quakes pro duce extremely high amplification at frequencies 0.3 - 1 Hz within the basin that may be dangerous for high-rise buildings and high way bridges. (4 The obtained results may be used in probabilistic seismic microzonation of the basin when many possible earth quakes located at various distances are considered. 2D and 3D simulation is necessary to model the seismic influence from particularly large earthquakes.

  4. Shangri-La Hotel: Arsitektur Ikonik

    OpenAIRE

    Widhianto, Muhammad Adib

    2014-01-01

    Along with the economic growth of Medan, the hotel occupancy rate in the city field also increased. Occupancy rate of hotels in Medan in 2010 increased by 51.19% to 53.81% in 2011. At this time of international hotels have invested and set up a hotel in Indonesia. Hotel - The hotel stands with typical and individual identity of any hotel is a marker of identity as well as a differentiator from other hotels. Shangri-La Hotels and Resorts, based in Hong Kong now owns and manages ...

  5. Hotel Eden Roc

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Lapidus, Morris

    1958-03-01

    Full Text Available Las playas de Miami son uno de los centros de diversión más importantes de los Estados Unidos. A lo largo de ellas se multiplican los hoteles, rivalizando para ofrecer a sus clientes confort, comodidades y esparcimientos de todo género. Durante un año se trabajó en la construcción del hotel Edén Roc, uno de los más recientes. Se edificó en un solar de forma rectangular, cuyos lados menores están definidos por la Avenida Collins y el Océano. Si dividimos la parcela por una de sus diagonales, uno de los triángulos, el de base en la Avenida Collins, nos define aproximadamente el espacio ocupado por las construcciones en altura, y el otro, que tiene su base en el Atlántico, la zona de esparcimientos.

  6. Greening hotels - building green values into hotel services

    OpenAIRE

    Darija Hays; Đurđana Ozretić-Došen

    2014-01-01

    Purpose – The objective of this paper is to enhance knowledge about greening hotel services and the possibilities it provides for successful hotel management as well as for enrichment of hotel guest experiences. Design/Methodology/Approach – The paper is based on a summarized review of previous theoretical contributions and an investigative study of three business cases which relies on qualitative methodology. The case studies draw on interviews, archival materials and photographs. A case stu...

  7. Energy efficiency opportunities in Hotels

    OpenAIRE

    Dina Said; Kamelia Youssef; Hatem Waheed

    2017-01-01

    According to the statistics in Egypt (2013), the number of hotels is 1193, about 407 of them have contracted power greater than 500 kW.Air conditioning, lighting, water heating and refrigeration represent the main activities demanding electrical energy in hotel business.The energy consumption per night spend changes a lot, depending on various factors; facilities provided, category of hotel, occupancy , geographical situation, weather conditions, nationality of clients, design and control of ...

  8. Trends in croatian hotel industry

    OpenAIRE

    Jasmina GRZINIC

    2008-01-01

    Tourism and hotel business is becoming one of the leading industries of the world. Therefore, an increased attention needs to be paid to the study of trends in tourism because they determine the trends in hotel industry. The purpose of the paper is to point out the importance of hotel industry as one of the most important elements of development in tourist economies. The paper aims at introducing the newest trends in modern hotel industry and offering a review of the recent trends of demand a...

  9. Lifestyle hotels: New paradigm of modern hotel industry

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Kosar Ljiljana

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available The practice of modern hotel industry introduced to professional community the term 'lifestyle' hotel. The paper deals with the essential meaning of this term. This raises the question of the difference between the lifestyle and boutique hotels which are in practice often identified. The paper aims to resolve the basic dilemma - whether lifestyle hotel can be treated as a special type of hotel, or all types of hotels under certain conditions can fit into a group called 'lifestyle'. Closer defining of the term 'lifestyle' is a starting point for further discussion. This paper makes an attempt to overcome the uncritical use of the term 'lifestyle' in tourism and hospitality practice. Providing a clearer definition is necessary to establish standards for the typology of lifestyle hotels. These standards are primarily based on the criteria of market segmentation. Among them, psychographic criteria occupy a special place. To make lifestyle hotel more than a promotional slogan, it is necessary to confirm its market position. This means identifying specific target groups differentiated according to the main features of the lifestyle.

  10. Service management in a selected hotel

    OpenAIRE

    MAŘÍKOVÁ, Veronika

    2016-01-01

    The main topic of this paper is the service management in a selected hotel The Savoy Hotel. It deals with suggestions how to improve management procedures in the hotel. In the theoretical part are defined and described hotel services, tourist industry, management, developmental trends in the hotel management area and so on. The practical part deals with the particular hotel Savoy. It analyses accessible data, elaboration financial analysis and questionnaire survey. The result is creating a pr...

  11. Management of Hotel Dining Information System

    OpenAIRE

    Liu,Fangyi

    2010-01-01

    Dining hotel management is more completed, more accurately, and effectively method for hotel and dining industries. It is an application based on modern hotel market. The information management system is already widely used in many fields at moment. Nowadays, with the dining hotel industries development, an advanced and scientific management system that could be more detailed and secure is needed. Hotel Dining Management system is extremely practical in the present hotel industry dining manag...

  12. 78 FR 13906 - Agreements in Force as of December 31, 2012 Between the American Institute in Taiwan and the...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-03-01

    ... Provincial Fruit ] Marketing Cooperative (TPFMC) supervised by the Taiwan Council of Agriculture (COA.... Agreement concerning beer, wine and cigarettes. Signed at Washington December 12, 1986. Entered into force... concerning beer, wine and cigarettes. Effected by exchange of letters at Taipei April 29, 1987. Entered into...

  13. 77 FR 20054 - Agreements in Force as of December 31, 2011, Between the American Institute in Taiwan and the...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-04-03

    ... Provincial Fruit Marketing Cooperative (TPFMC) supervised by the Taiwan Council of Agriculture (COA). Signed..., 1986. 5. Agreement concerning beer, wine and cigarettes. Signed at Washington December 12, 1986... of December 12, 1986 concerning beer, wine and cigarettes. Effected by exchange of letters at Taipei...

  14. Domestic Hot Water Usage in Hotels; Tappvarmvattenanvaendning paa hotell

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Petersson, Stefan; Werner, Sven [FVB Sverige AB, Vaesteraas (Sweden); Sandberg, Martin; Wahlstroem, Aasa [Swedish National Testing and Research Inst., Boraas (Sweden)

    2004-06-01

    Historically, design curves for domestic hot water, have been well sized and therefore also the components oversized. The Swedish district heating companies have noticed this and some companies replace large valves with customer-required valves, which give several advantages. There are several reasons why valves and heat exchangers can be customer-required and still the customers demand for hot water comfort can be fulfilled. The domestic hot water flow is composed, the taps are often short, large simultaneous taps are not very likely. Also, the dimensioning flows occur in the winter period, while the components are dimensioned for the summer case. The water pipes level off temporary temperature drops and the user seldom notices these because water with 55 deg C is not used in the tap. For residential buildings there are dimensioning recommendations on domestic hot water flow, but not for hotels. The purpose of this project has been to evaluate the domestic hot water use in relation to size and number of occupied beds. If the patterns of the chosen hotels coincide regarding to the sizes, dimensioning curves for domestic hot water use can be suggested. They can be used when hotels, or buildings with the same use pattern, are being built or restored. Measurements on 3 hotels with different sizes have been made. The hotels have 36, 52 and 158 rooms. The hotels are situated in the cities of Boraas and Kinna in Sweden. A short period of measurements from another hotel in the city of Gaevle (199 rooms) has also been included in this project. The measurements show that large hot water taps in hotels are rare and short. For the hotels, relative, cumulative relative frequencies and likely extreme values have been estimated. For residential buildings, The Swedish District Heating Association have recommendations for dimensioned domestic hot water flows. Formerly, these recommendations have been levelled so a cumulative relative frequency of 1 %, is reached, i.e. 99 % of all

  15. 27 CFR 31.82 - Hotels.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... 27 Alcohol, Tobacco Products and Firearms 1 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Hotels. 31.82 Section 31... Same Premises § 31.82 Hotels. The proprietor of a hotel who conducts the sale of liquors throughout the hotel premises is only required to register under this part for one place. For example, different areas...

  16. Energy efficiency opportunities in Hotels

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Dina Said

    2017-03-01

    Full Text Available According to the statistics in Egypt (2013, the number of hotels is 1193, about 407 of them have contracted power greater than 500 kW.Air conditioning, lighting, water heating and refrigeration represent the main activities demanding electrical energy in hotel business.The energy consumption per night spend changes a lot, depending on various factors; facilities provided, category of hotel, occupancy , geographical situation, weather conditions, nationality of clients, design and control of the installations.Energy benchmarking is an internal management tool designed to provide ongoing, reliable and verifiable tracking on the hotels performance. The most useful performance indicator (or Energy Efficiency Benchmarking of hotels are: Lighting Power Density (LPD in W (for lighting/m2, and energy intensity (kWh/m2/ y.There are multiple benefits for improving energy in hotel business; reduces the hotel's operating cost, reduces climate change risks and promotes green tourism.Energy efficiency opportunities are low-cost measures and cost- effective investments.   There are many energy saving opportunities for lighting in hotel's guest rooms as well as the more obvious savings in lobbies and exterior lighting areas. Behavior campaigns can yield substantial energy savings, both through the guests and housekeeper behavior. Encouraging housekeepers to use natural light during room cleaning is a simple first step to implement energy saving program.This paper presents the energy efficiency guidelines and energy benchmarking for hotels. Also a case study showing how the energy efficiency program implemented is presented. 

  17. San Pedro Hacienda Hotel

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Neutra, Richard J.

    1960-05-01

    Full Text Available Una de las arterias principales de Los Angeles, la carretera de acceso desde Western Avenue, que relaciona la ciudad con su puerto, permite llegar fácilmente, a través de una pequeña desviación, a la entrada principal del hotel. El sencillo grupo de edificios que lo constituyen, se amolda a la pendiente del terreno, acusando el juego de volúmenes y de sol y sombra para aumentar el interés visual. Al fondo, la severidad del paisaje montañoso contrasta con la tranquilidad del mar, que en este caso, pese a ser el Océano Pacífico el gran mar occidental americano, aparece al E., por estar el edificio situado en la orilla oriental de la península de Falos Verdes.

  18. How Customers Choose Hotels

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Hera Oktadiana

    2011-05-01

    Full Text Available In the advancement of hospitality industry, thus it is important for hotel sales and marketing to understand the customer behavior in order to create effective marketing. Factors that influence customer behavior as individuality consist of personal and interpersonal factors. Personal factors include the needs, wants, motivation, perception, learning, personality, lifestyle, and self-concept. Meanwhile, interpersonal factors come from culture and sub-culture, group references, customers through stages before deciding to purchase. Begin with the awareness about the needs, customers then find information about the product or service that could be used to solve the problems. After having the information, customers select the best product and service before deciding to purchase. After purchasing, the last stage is evaluation of product and service, whether it is satisfying or not.

  19. Empowerment: Hotel employees’ perspective

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Kartinah Ayupp

    2010-12-01

    Full Text Available An empowered worker is a knowledgeable worker. Thus, the aims of this study were to examine how empowerment is perceived by the front-line hotel employees and secondly, to identify the factors affecting empowerment within the industry. Factors such as communication, coaching, participation, training and reward were examined for any significant relationship with empowerment, along with whether the employee’s socio-demographic characteristics affected their perceptions of empowerment. The findings indicated that except for gender, socio-demographic factors were not a strong influence on the diffusion of empowerment among employees. In order to ensure that the employees feel empowered, factors such as communication, coaching, participation, training and reward should be given due attention by the management.  Based on the findings, implications for companies are discussed and further research is suggested.

  20. Increasing Sales in a Hotel Lobby Shop

    OpenAIRE

    Ruhala, Laura

    2015-01-01

    Small shops and café areas connected to a hotel’s lobby have become increasingly popular within the hospitality industry. The customers have become more accustomed to spending time within the hotel premises and not only in their hotel room. Cumulus Koskikatu hotel, located in the Tampere city center, also opened their own hotel lobby shop hotel lobby area. As the hotel lobby shop is still a relatively new addition to the hotel operations, very little research has been done in the terms of ho...

  1. Building Hotel Revenues through Tourism

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    John D. Murtha, CHA

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available When evaluating ways to maximize revenues, hotel executives should consider supporting the efforts of local destination marketing organizations. Helping to build and sustain travel to a city or region can benefit individual hotels, by combining resources and energy on marketing tactics that would otherwise be too ambitious or costly for a single property to pursue on its own. The market in Boston and adjacent Cambridge, Massachusetts offers an interesting case study for understanding the interaction of hotels and destination marketing organizations. The author includes action steps for hoteliers who would like to become more involved in such efforts.

  2. Agency-Hired Hotel Housekeepers

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sanon, Marie-Anne V.

    2014-01-01

    Hotel housekeepers experience unique workplace hazards and characteristics that increase their risks for poor health outcomes. Today’s agency-hiring practices may further marginalize hotel housekeepers and negatively impact their health. Yet the impact of such hiring practices on the health of this vulnerable worker group remains unexplored. This article presents the debate regarding agency-hiring practices and how these practices may influence the health and well-being of hotel housekeepers. Implications for occupational health nurses are also discussed. PMID:24512722

  3. Constructing hotel brands: A multimodal analysis of luxury hotel homepages

    National Research Council Canada - National Science Library

    Fei-Wen Cheng

    2016-01-01

    As e-marketing has become the dominant marketing mode in the hospitality industry, this study investigates how two luxury hotels represent and promote themselves through their major e-commerce platforms (i.e...

  4. Constructing hotel brands: A multimodal analysis of luxury hotel homepages

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Fei-Wen Cheng

    2016-04-01

    Full Text Available As e-marketing has become the dominant marketing mode in the hospitality industry, this study investigates how two luxury hotels represent and promote themselves through their major e-commerce platforms (i.e. hotel-owned websites. The verbal and visual texts of 51 website homepages owned by these two hotel chains are compiled and analyzed by drawing upon the corpus linguistic approach for verbal analysis and Kress and van Leeuwen’s (2006 visual grammar framework for image analysis. The findings indicate that despite some similarities in their web-mediated communication strategies, each hotel firm has discursive strategies that reveal diverging attitudes in their choices of various semiotic resources to construct their own brand identities. This study contributes to the academic literature on web-mediated tourism discourse by showing how a multimodal analysis can add insights to brand formulation.

  5. Kubija Hotell-Loodusspaa = Kubija Hotel-Nature Spa

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    2012-01-01

    Võrus Männiku tee 43A asuva Kubija Hotell-Loodusspaa sisekujundusest. Sisearhitektid Tiiu Truus ja Birgit Jaanus (Stuudio Truus). Arhitektid Indrek Tiigi ja Helle-Triin Hansumäe. Loetletud Stuudio Truus tehtud töid

  6. A case-crossover analysis of Asian dust storms and mortality in the downwind areas using 14-year data in Taipei.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Chan, Chang-Chuan; Ng, Huey-Ching

    2011-12-01

    This study aims to assess the association between Asian dust storms (ADS) and daily mortality in Taipei, Taiwan. A time-stratified case-crossover design was used to investigate the effects of ADS on mortality. Odds ratios (ORs) of total non-accidental (ICD-9 dust day, respectively. There were also statistically significant increases in sulfur dioxide (SO(2)) and ozone (O(3)) but decreases in temperature during ADS. Excess deaths were increased significantly for residents of all ages for total non-accidental deaths, with OR=1.019 (95% CI 1.003-1.035), and also for residents above 65years old, with OR=1.025 (95% CI 1.006-1.044) for total non-accidental deaths and OR=1.045 (95% CI 1.0011-1.081) for cardiovascular deaths, respectively but not for respiratory deaths during ADS. Such increases in mortality remained statistically significant in the regression models with either SO(2) or O(3). This study found that acute exposure to long-range transported Asian dust can increase the number of non-accidental and cardiovascular deaths for people of all ages and the elderly population aged above 65 on the dust storm days in Taipei, Taiwan. Further studies are still needed to find out whether mass concentrations alone or specific components in PM are responsible for excess cardiovascular deaths by ADS. Copyright © 2011 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.

  7. Coprescription of Chinese herbal medicine and Western medication among female patients with breast cancer in Taiwan: analysis of national insurance claims

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Wang BR

    2014-05-01

    Full Text Available Bih-Ru Wang,1,2,* Yuh-Lih Chang,1,2,* Tzeng-Ji Chen,3,4 Jen-Hwey Chiu,5,6 Jing Chong Wu,7 Min-Shan Wu,1 Chia-Lin Chou,1 Yueh-Ching Chou1,2,81Department of Pharmacy, Taipei Veterans General Hospital, Taipei, Taiwan; 2Department and Institute of Pharmacology, National Yang-Ming University, Taipei, Taiwan; 3Department of Family Medicine, Taipei Veterans General Hospital, Taipei, Taiwan; 4Institute of Hospital and Health Care Administration, National Yang-Ming University, Taipei, Taiwan; 5Division of General Surgery, Department of Surgery, Taipei Veterans General Hospital, Taipei, Taiwan; 6Institute of Traditional Medicine, School of Medicine, National Yang-Ming University, Taipei, Taiwan; 7Traditional Medicine Center, Kaohsiung Veterans General Hospital, Kaohsiung, Taiwan; 8College of Pharmacy, Taipei Medical University, Taipei, Taiwan*These authors contributed equally to this workBackground: Many female breast cancer (FBC patients take Chinese herbal medicine (CHM and Western medication (WM concurrently in Taiwan. Despite the possibility of interactions between the CHM and WM mentioned in previous studies, the pattern of these coprescriptions in FBC patients remains unclear. Hence, the aim of the present study is to investigate the utilization of coprescriptions of CHM and WM among the FBC patients in Taiwan.Methods: The study was a cross-sectional survey using the sampled cohort in 2009 obtained from the National Health Insurance Research Database in Taiwan. There were 3,507 FBC patients identified from the registry for catastrophic illness patients. Ambulatory visit records, corresponding prescriptions, and the data of beneficiaries belonging to the FBC patients were further extracted. A total of 1,086 FBC patients used CHM at least once. CHM and WM prescribed within any overlapping duration were defined as coprescriptions.Results: There were 868 (80.0% patients simultaneously receiving CHM and WM. A total of 4,927 CHM prescriptions and 6,358 WM

  8. ORGANIZATION OF BUSINESS IN HOTEL HOUSEKEEPING

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ivica Batinić

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available Hotel housekeeping department is represented in every organizational structure of the hotel, and its size and structure depends on the type and size of the hotel, basic offer and contents, category of the hotel, the level of usage and the duration of the hotel business. The primary role of hotel housekeeping is cleaning and maintenance of hotel units and rooms, and the selection of the head hotel housekeeper, who will successfully lead the housekeeping department is extremely important for a successful business, recognition and reputation of the hotel. In addition to higher or university education and language skills, the head housekeeper must have the management skills related to planning, organizing, leading and controlling, as well as general and professional knowledge of psychology of work and hygiene. The head hotel housekeeper, as a hotel manager, organizes, directs and controls the work of hotel housekeeping. It is responsible for the accuracy of the occupancy rate report, preparation of rooms and other hotel units, to achieve the highest level of quality of hotel services, training of employees, for the application of standards and for continuous application of business policy of the hotel

  9. Hotel business in Porto Alegre

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Carla Schlieper Castilho

    2007-11-01

    Full Text Available This article intends to discuss the beginnings and evolution of hotel business in Porto Alegre City, relating the upsurge of these facilities with its historic context and locating them in time and space. This study identifies, classifies and discusses several types of lodging facilities settled between 1732 and 1940 and describes the particular characteristics of each one. This article also discusses the importance of selected hotels that became markers of the social and political history of the city.

  10. The physical environment and its relevance to customer satisfaction in boutique hotels; Hotel Haven, Helsinki

    OpenAIRE

    Jysmä, Ekaterina

    2012-01-01

    Object of this research is physical environment of the boutique hotel named Haven. As there is lack of the researches concerning physical environment role in the boutique hotels, this paper could be useful both for the studied hotel as well as for the other boutique hotels managers and owners. Moreover, it could be useful for the potential customers of Hotel Haven. Main topic of this research is the importance and relevance of the physical environment in Hotel Haven, mostly its impact o...

  11. Hotel Don Pepe. Marbella

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Población, Eleuterio

    1965-07-01

    Full Text Available This splendid building, located at «Las Merinas», is a new source of interest in the beautiful Costa del Sol. It has been made with the most modern materials and techniques. It has an outstanding view over the sea and it has seven standardized floor levels occupied by single rooms, whilst other parts of the building are taken up with small apartments. The recreation zone includes a bar, swimming pools for children and adults, and a cabaret. The ground floor has a main entrance hall, reception offices, shopping corridor, great hall, tea room, and bar. The second floor has a breakfast room, connecting two banqueting halls, hairdresser's, sauna baths, gymnasium, administrative offices, and the manager's flat. The services zone comprises the kitchen, a dining room for various members of the senior staff, post office, laundry, and other standard facilities. The celler serves as a general store and also as wine storage. This hotel has a most impressive functional aspect, and sets a new standard of comfort and luxury for the benefit of tourists who visit this fashionable and picturesque part of the Mediterranean coast.Este espléndido edificio, situado en la finca «Las Merinas», es un atractivo más de la bellísima Costa del Sol malagueña. Se ha instalado de acuerdo con los más modernos materiales y técnicas, disfrutando de bellas vistas hacia el mar, y dispone de: un bloque con siete plantas-tipo de habitaciones, otro de apartamentos auxiliares de pequeña altura, y la zona de recreo, con bar, piscinas para niños, nadadores y saltos, y sala de fiestas. La planta baja aloja: el acceso principal, recepción, conserjería, galería comercial, gran hall, salón de té, bar, etc. La entreplanta comprende: el comedor de desayunos, en conexión con dos comedores para banquetes; peluquerías, sauna, gimnasio, administración y vivienda del director, aparte de la zona de servicios, con cocina, comedores varios de jefes, personal, correos, lavander

  12. Towards Universal Design Hotels in Denmark.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Grangaard, Sidse

    2016-01-01

    Based on the research project 'Accessible Hotel Rooms' that studies the balance between the experience of supply and demand regarding accessibility features in Danish hotel rooms, this paper demonstrates factors having an influence on Universal Design hotels in Denmark. The research project was financed by the Danish Transport and Construction Agency. Different notions in the hotel sector of the current supply and demand for Universal Design hotel rooms are identified, as well as future demand. Despite supplying accessible rooms, some hotels do not advertise their accessibility features on their website. There exists an attitude in the hotel sector that functions as a barrier for Universal Design: if there are enough guests, for example business travellers, then why market the hotel on Universal Design? The paper points out the coherence between the understanding of the users and the view of demand. Another important factor is Corporate Social Responsibility, which can be regarded as a strategy or platform towards Universal Design hotels.

  13. [Anatomy cadaver ceremonies in Taiwan].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kao, T; Ha, H

    1999-07-01

    The practice of holding annual ceremonies in honor of cadaver donors in Taiwan's medical schools has a history of nearly a hundred years. It originated in Japan, where such ceremonies have been widely held in medical schools since the practice was founded by Toyo Yamawaki, who was the first medical scholar in Japan to engage in dissection of the human body and was the author of the first anatomy book to appear in Japan, the Zoshi. The practice of holding donor ceremonies was introduced into Taiwan after the Jaiwu Sino - Japanese war, when the island became a Japanese colony. The tradition was upheld in the Viceroy's Medical School, the Viceroy's College of Medicine, and Taihoku (Taipei) Imperial University College of Medicine, and continued since the restoration of Chinese power to the present. The practice of holding cadaver donor ceremonies in institutions of medical education is intended to express respect for the donor as well as to encourage the practice of cadaver donation to the benefit of medical education.

  14. Likelihood ratios of multiple cutoff points of the Taipei City Developmental Checklist for Preschoolers, 2nd version

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Hua-Fang Liao

    2014-03-01

    Conclusion: Taipei II with multiple cutoff points could give more useful clinical information than using a single cutoff point. The multiple likelihood ratios of Taipei II for children older than 3 years and in different cultural backgrounds need further study.

  15. COPD in Taiwan: a National Epidemiology Survey

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Cheng SL

    2015-11-01

    Full Text Available Shih-Lung Cheng,1,2 Ming-Cheng Chan,3 Chin-Chou Wang,4 Ching-Hsiung Lin,5 Hao-Chien Wang,6 Jeng-Yuan Hsu,3 Liang-Wen Hang,7,8 Chee-Jen Chang,9 Diahn-Warng Perng,10,* Chong-Jen Yu6,* On behalf of the Taiwan COPD Consortium 1Department of Internal Medicine, Far Eastern Memorial Hospital, New Taipei City, 2Department of Chemical Engineering and Materials Science, Yuan Ze University, Chung-Li City, Taoyuan County, 3Department of Internal Medicine, Taichung Veterans General Hospital, Taichung, 4Division of Pulmonary and Critical Care Medicine, Kaohsiung Chang Gung Memorial Hospital, Kaohsiung, 5Division of Chest Medicine, Changhua Christian Hospital, Changhua City, Changhua County, 6Department of Internal Medicine, National Taiwan University Hospital, Taipei, 7Department of Pulmonary and Critical Care Medicine, Sleep Medicine Center, China Medical University Hospital, 8Department of Respiratory Therapy, College of Health Care, China Medical University, Taichung, 9Biostatistical Center for Clinical Research, Chang Gung Memorial Hospital, Linkou Branch, Guishan Township, Taoyuan County, 10Department of Chest Medicine, Taipei Veterans General Hospital, Taipei, Taiwan, Republic of China *These authors contributed equally to this work Objectives: To determine the prevalence of COPD in Taiwan and to document the disease characteristics and associated risk factors.Methods: We conducted a random cross-sectional national survey of adults older than 40 years in Taiwan. Respiratory health screening questions identified subjects with diagnosed COPD or whose reported symptoms also fulfilled an epidemiological case definition; these were eligible to complete the survey, which also included indices of symptom severity and disability and questions on comorbidities, medical treatments, smoking habits, and occupations potentially harmful to respiratory health. Subjects with diagnosed COPD were subdivided by smoking status. Subjects who fulfilled the case definition

  16. The New Détente in the Taiwan Strait and Its Impact on Taiwan’s Security and Future

    OpenAIRE

    Cabestan, Jean-Pierre

    2011-01-01

    At first glance, the current detente between Beijing and Taipei has been a welcome development for all parties involved in the security of the Taiwan Strait: Taiwan, China, and the United States. However, this is an armed détente in which security issues have yet to be addressed. While accelerated economic integration is allowing China to exert increasing influence over Taiwan, the threat of the People’s Liberation Army (PLA) has continued to intensify unabated. Taiwan’s defence effort has be...

  17. Taiwan's international space and its expansion through the World Health Assembly

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Diana Sofía Calderón

    2015-08-01

    Full Text Available Taiwan's international space has been constrained since it lost its seat at the United Nations in 1972. Its government has created alternative diplomatic channels to participate as an active member of the international arena, always pursuing its return to the United Nations system. In its quest for the expansion of its international space, through health diplomacy Taipei has sought to become an active member of the international health system. This aspiration opened an opportunity for its participation in the World Health Assembly (WHA, the maximum decision organ of the World Health Organization, a United Nations specialized agency. This article will examine the evolution of Taiwan's international space by considering Taipei's diplomatic practices, specially its health diplomacy approach and its participation at the WHA.

  18. Towards Universal Design Hotels in Denmark

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Grangaard, Sidse

    2016-01-01

    Based on the research project ‘Accessible Hotel Rooms’ that studies the balance between the experience of supply and demand regarding accessibility features in Danish hotel rooms, this paper demonstrates factors having an influence on Universal Design hotels in Denmark. The research project...... was financed by the Danish Transport and Construction Agency. Different notions in the hotel sector of the current supply and demand for Universal Design hotel rooms are identified, as well as future demand. Despite supplying accessible rooms, some hotels do not advertise their accessibility features...... on their website. There exists an attitude in the hotel sector that functions as a barrier for Universal Design: if there are enough guests, for example business travellers, then why market the hotel on Universal Design? The paper points out the coherence between the understanding of the users and the view...

  19. Barons Hotels - uus hotellikett, uued hotellid

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    2007-01-01

    Eelmisel aastal moodustatud hotellikett Barons Hotels OÜ opereerib Tallinnas kolme hotelli, need on eksklusiivne butiikhotell Barons, moodne äri-, konverentsi- ja puhkereisijate hotell Euroopa ja mugav kahetärnihotell Braavo!

  20. The Modern Marketing Communications of Hotel Enterprises

    National Research Council Canada - National Science Library

    Vlashchenko Nataliia M

    2017-01-01

    The article is aimed at studying the features of marketing communications in the hotel industry and developing scientific-practical recommendations to activate their use at the level of domestic hotel enterprises...

  1. Hotel Bisnis di Tepian Sungai Kapuas

    OpenAIRE

    Liunardy, Yulia

    2015-01-01

    Seiring dengan perkembangan zaman, kebutuhan akan tempat tinggal juga meningkat, begitu pula dengan hotel. Hotel merupakan tempat tinggal sementara sejumlah orang yang memiliki kepentingan tertentu seperti berwisata, berbisnis maupun dengan tujuan lainnya di tempat tertentu. Saat ini banyak Perusahaan yang melakukan investasi dengan membangun hotel di Kota Pontianak, baik hotel berbintang maupun melati. Metode yang digunakan adalah pendataan dari literatur dan studi lapangan, didapatkan bahwa...

  2. Teacher Overinvolvement and Student Depression among Junior High School Students in Taiwan

    OpenAIRE

    Huang, Fen Fen; Wu, Cou Chen; Hu, Chang Ya; Yang, Sun Shen

    2006-01-01

    This study examines depression in students at public high schools in Taiwan. The purpose of this study is to examine which student-level and teacher-level variables affect student depression due to teacher emotional overinvolvement and other factors. A survey instrument adapted and translated from existing surveys was distributed to 1,479 Taiwanese adolescents aged 13—15 years and 172 teachers from 10 public junior high schools in the city of Taipei. The hierarchical linear model (HLM) was us...

  3. Destination Characteristics that Drive Hotel Performance

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Assaf, A. George; Josiassen, Alexander; Woo, Linda

    2017-01-01

    The increased market saturation and competition in both domestic and international tourism destinations have renewed interest among hotel operators in identifying the key drivers of hotel performance. This paper presents a comprehensive analysis of the determinants of hotel performance and their ...

  4. MARKETING IN HOTEL CORPORATION AND SPORT MANAGEMENT

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Miodrag Koprivica

    2009-11-01

    Full Text Available Sportsmen are customers of hotel services, therofore sports managers must have about their organization and work. In the hotel business there are at least three involved parties, and each one of them has one or more main goals. Main goal of the hotel owners is to make profit, hotel employees is to earn their salaries and the hotel guests main goal is to get the satisfac- tion through the services that hotel offers. Main assignment of the hotel management is to create business strategy which would lead to satisfaction of all three involved parties. Favoring one of the involved party’s needs that leads to other parties disadvanta- ge is not a formula of successful management. Mission and vision of the hotel business are determined by the hotel owners them- selves. The goal of the hotel management is to “translate” the general business philo- sophy into goals, plans and measures in order to achieve the before mentioned philo- sophy. Determining of the (really achievable vision, “dream of success” if you will, is the foundation of the total and successful business politics in the hotelier business. The goal of this work is to answer the questions of the usefulness of the hotels marketing mix, diverse commercial tools and the resource size which hotels use for mar- keting. All in the function of general alignment of the universal business politics and concrete plans and functions.

  5. Hotell Radisson SAS = Radisson SAS Hotel / Inga Raukas

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Raukas, Inga, 1967-

    2001-01-01

    Projekteerija Arhitektuuribüroo Künnapu & Padrik. Arhitektid Vilen Künnapu, Ain Padrik, Eero Palm, Tarmo Maiste. Sisekujundajad Christian Lundwall, Jan Öberg. Konstruktsioonid: Teuvo Meriläinen, Jyrki Rautamäki. Projekt ja hotell valmis 2000. 12 ill.: korruste plaanid, sise- ja välisvaated

  6. Adoption of Internet and Web Technology for Hotel Marketing: A Study of Hotels in Thailand

    OpenAIRE

    Suree Khemthong; Roberts, Linda M.

    2014-01-01

    This paper examines the effect of three groups of characteristics: organisational, technological, and environmental on the adoption of Internet and Web based marketing activities (IWMA) in the hotel industry by using data collected from a sample of 152 hotels in Thailand. The adoption of IWMA has been categorised into two levels: 1) non-early adopter hotels, and 2) early adopter hotels. The results indicate that Thai hotels that adopted IWMA at the early adopter stage were larger in size, and...

  7. Analisis Penerapan Sistem Manajemen Limbah Berdasarkan Sertifikasi Eco-hotel Di Sheraton Surabaya Hotel and Towers

    OpenAIRE

    Wibowo, Melisa; Andreani, Fransisca

    2013-01-01

    Sistem manajemen limbah menjadi hal yang perlu diperhatikan bagi pelaksana bisnis perhotelan. Sheraton Surabaya Hotel and Towers mendasarkan sistem manajemen limbah pada sertifikasi Eco-Hotel, yaitu sertifikasi yang didasarkan pada ISO 14001 tahun 2004 mengenai Standar Manajemen Lingkungan dan diaplikasikan pada bisnis dan operasional hotel. Dalam penelitian ini, penulis ingin mengetahui penerapan sistem manajemen limbah berdasarkan sertifikasi Eco-Hotel di Sheraton Surabaya Hotel and Towers....

  8. Business Tourists' Opinions of Radisson Blu Royal Hotel Vaasa as a Business Hotel

    OpenAIRE

    Kettunen, Jenni

    2012-01-01

    The aims of thesis was to find out business tourists’ values and needs which are related to the hotel industry and study business tourists’ opinions of Radisson Blu Royal Hotel Vaasa. The theoretical part presents overview of business tourism, hotel industry and what kind of issues the hotel industry needs to pay attention to when guests are business tourists. Consumer behavior focuses on business tourists’ needs and wants which are related to the hotel. Number of female business tourists has...

  9. Study design, rationale and methods for a population-based study of myopia in schoolchildren: the Myopia Investigation study in Taipei.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Tsai, Der-Chong; Lin, Li-Ju; Huang, Nicole; Hsu, Chih-Chien; Chen, Shing-Yi; Chiu, Allen Wen-Hsiang; Liu, Catherine Jui-Ling

    2015-01-01

    To describe the study design, rationale and methodology of the Myopia Investigation Study in Taipei (MIT). The MIT was a city-wide, population-based cohort study. Participants were grade 2 students (Fall 2013) of all 153 elementary schools in Taipei City. The baseline data on the risk factors for myopia development was collected by parent-administered questionnaire surveys covering demographics, medical history, parental myopia, time spent on near work and outdoor activities, reading habits and eye care-seeking behaviour. Ocular examinations focused on the measurement of visual acuity (unaided and best-corrected) and refractive status (before and after cycloplegia), which will be carried out for the eligible schoolchildren biannually for 3 years consecutively. Once myopic children are identified, case manager-led telecoaching for health-care instructions and reminders will be delivered to parents or caregivers. To build a comprehensive database for prevalence, incidence and risk factors of early childhood myopia over a 3-year follow-up period. Of all 19 374 eight-year-old schoolchildren (10 210 [52.7%] boys) eligible for the MIT, 16 486 (85.1%) responded to the questionnaire, 12 019 (62.0%) were examined during the third quarter of 2013 and 11 590 (59.8%) (6267 [52.9%] boys) completed cycloplegic autorefraction on both eyes and were enrolled for further data analysis. There was no significant difference in terms of demographics between the analysed participants and all grade 2 students in Taipei City. Data from the MIT will provide population-based information concerning the prevalence, incidence and risk factors for myopia development among young schoolchildren in a metropolitan area of Taiwan. © 2015 Royal Australian and New Zealand College of Ophthalmologists.

  10. UNDERSTANDING VISITOR EXPERIENCES AND MOTIVATIONS IN SUBURBAN TAIPEI

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Chiung-Tzu Lucetta TSAI

    2016-09-01

    Full Text Available This research is aimed to cultivate higher-qualified human resources within the tourism field and provide plaining and developing direction based on the understanding of tourism features in San-ying area. There is a growing research interest in understanding the individual consumer's preferences, as well as management approaches of experiences and therefore, it has explored the understanding of the many different facets of experiences in tourism and hispitality business in suburban Taipei in particular the impact of the Sanxia and Yingge area. There is an attempt to examine the service quality of tourist attractions, moreover, the perceptions and travel experiences of tourists who visit Sanxia and Yingge area. Tourism and hospitality business in Sanxia and Yingge area present culture images and this study has discussed how this has influenced tourists' experiences, motivation and consumer behavior during their visit.

  11. Hotels Make Room for Fitness.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Koszuta, Laurie Einstein

    1986-01-01

    Hotels, in hopes of gaining a competitive edge, are offering workout rooms, exercise equipment, fitness trails, and jogging tracks, but no standards have been set for safety of the facilities or staff preparedness in exercise screening, equipment use, injury prevention, or first aid. (MT)

  12. Prevalence and risk factors for myopia in second-grade primary school children in Taipei: A population-based study.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hsu, Chih-Chien; Huang, Nicole; Lin, Pei-Yu; Tsai, Der-Chong; Tsai, Ching-Yao; Woung, Lin-Chung; Liu, Catherine Jui-Ling

    2016-11-01

    High myopia is associated with multiple ocular morbidities that may lead to irreversible blindness. Because high myopia in an adult is thought to be related to onset of myopia in very early childhood, detecting myopia early and working to improve modifiable risk factors may help reduce the development of high myopia. In this study, we tried to evaluate the prevalence of myopia and associated risk factors in second-grade primary school children in Taipei, Taiwan. A questionnaire was distributed to the participants' parents, and their written informed consent was obtained before performing eye examinations that included visual acuity testing and cycloplegic autorefraction. Multiple logistic regression models were applied to assess possible risk factors associated with myopia. Myopia was defined as spherical equivalent of -0.50 D or less in either eye. The prevalence of myopia in the second graders was 36.4%. After adjustment for other characteristics, the following variables were significantly associated with a higher risk of myopia: male sex [odds ratio (OR)=1.24, plevel (OR=1.25, p<0.001); the presence of myopia in one parent (OR=1.66, p<0.001) or both parents (OR=2.82, p<0.001); time spent on near-work activity every day (OR=1.21, p<0.001); shorter visual distance when doing near-work activity (OR=1.17, p<0.001); and participation in an after-school tutorial program (OR=1.20, p<0.001). By contrast, resting after 30 minutes of near-work activity (OR=0.84, p<0.001) and spending more time participating in outdoor activities on weekends (OR=0.91, p=0.03) were significantly associated with a lower risk of myopia. Our findings indicate that lifestyle and reading habits impact the development of myopia during early childhood. Behavior modification, such as more time spent outside during the day and limited near-work activity, may be a feasible strategy for curbing the increasingly high prevalence of myopia in Taipei. Copyright © 2016. Published by Elsevier Taiwan LLC.

  13. Characteristics of the First Human Milk Bank in Taiwan

    OpenAIRE

    Chang, Fang-Yuan; Cheng, Shao-Wen; Wu, Tsung-Zu; Fang, Li-Jung

    2013-01-01

    The benefits of feeding human milk to infants, even in prematurity, have been well documented. Well-organized donor milk processing has made the milk bank a good source of nutrition for premature or sick infants if their own mother's milk is not sufficient or suitable. The Taipei City Hospital Milk Bank was established in 2005 and is the first nonprofit human milk bank to operate in Taiwan. Methods: The milk bank has adopted standards of practice laid down by the Human Milk Banking Associa...

  14. Short-term effects of fine particulate air pollution on emergency room visits for cardiac arrhythmias: a case-crossover study in Taipei.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Chiu, Hui-Fen; Tsai, Shang-Shyue; Weng, Hsu-Huei; Yang, Chun-Yuh

    2013-01-01

    This study was undertaken to determine whether there was an association between fine particles (PM₂.₅) levels and number of emergency room (ER) visits for cardiac arrhythmias in Taipei, Taiwan. ER visits for cardiac arrhythmias and ambient air pollution data for Taipei were obtained for the period 2006-2010. The relative risk (RR) of ER visits was estimated using a case-crossover approach, controlling for weather variables, day of the week, seasonality, and long-term time trends. For the single-pollutant model (without adjustment for other pollutants), increased numbers of ER cardiac arrhythmia visits were significantly associated with PM₂.₅ on both warm days (>23°C) and cool days (cardiac arrhythmias, respectively. In the two-pollutant models, PM₂.₅ levels remained significant after inclusion of sulfur dioxide (SO₂) or ozone (O₃) on both warm and cool days. This study provides evidence that higher levels of PM₂.₅ increase the risk of number of ER visits for cardiac arrhythmias.

  15. Surface deformation induced by ground water pumping in Taipei Basin: A case study in rban underground construction of Taipei metro station

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wu, Pei-Chin; Hu, Jyr-Ching

    2017-04-01

    Since 1955, the rapid development of population has requested for large amount of water usage in Taipei city. Thus, the overuse of ground water leads to the land subsidence rate up to 5 cm/yr. In 1989, the government stated to put restrictions on water pumping. Consequently, ground water recovered and resulted in the a wideapred uplift in Taipei basin. Due to the underground transportation and wiring, ground water were massively pumped for the safety of construction sites. In this study, persistent scatterer interferometry technique is used for processing 37 high resolution X-band radar images to characterize deformation map in the period from May 2011 to April 2015. From the ground table records of 30 wells in Taipei basin, the results indicated that the main factor to the surface deformation of Taipei basin is the elevation change of water table. In the case of Wuku groundwater well, the elevation change of the ground water table is about 15 m during September 2011 to April 2015. In the same period of the time, the change of surface deformation within 100 m of Wuku groundwater well is consistent to the elevation change of ground water table, and is more than 5 cm along line of sight. The storability is roughly constant across most of the aquifer with values between 0.8 x 10-4 and 1.3 x 10-3. Moreover, in the case of Taipei metro construction, according to the analytical results of radar image and the 380 vertical control points of Taipei, the high water pumping before the underground construction project will inflict surface deformation. It is noticeable that, the Jingmei Formation and the Wuku Formation are composed of the sediments with high porosity. Thus, the actual land subsidence caused by water pumping would be five times than the underground construction areas.

  16. [The community-oriented experience of early intervention services in Taipei City].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Chu, Feng-Ying

    2007-10-01

    The purpose of this paper is to emphasize the importance of early intervention. The purpose of early intervention in Taipei City is to help child development, promote parenting skills, and reduce educational and social costs. In order to meet these goals, parenting groups and Taipei City Council have made great efforts to make early intervention work in Taipei City. In April 1995, Taipei City Government started planning and setting up the service network. To date, Taipei City has set up one reporting and referral center?, ?six community resources centers, 22 medical assessment and intervention clinics, 12 child development centers, one early intervention training center, three non-profit foundations and more than 300 inclusion schools, such as kindergartens and day care centers. With parent participation, professional devotion and Taipei City Government's commitment, the number of assisted children has increased from 98 to 2,523 /year. By the end of 2006, Taipei had already funded 25,277 children. We estimate Taipei City early intervention services to have affected at least 75,000 persons, including development-delayed and disabled children, their parents?, ?grandparents and siblings. We found that early intervention services help the children to build up self esteem, grow their potential, learn how to socialize, and receive an education, while the most important aim is to help them to reduce their level of disability or to prevent them from getting worse. At the same time, their families get support and a diverse range of services. An integrated early intervention program should include children, families, and multidisciplinary professionals. The system should therefore be more "family-centered" and "community-oriented" to provide appropriate services to children and families through a positive and aggressive attitude.

  17. MARKET ANALYSIS OF HOTEL SERVICES IN UKRAINE

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Iryna Antonova

    2015-11-01

    Full Text Available The subject of this research is the market of hotel services in Ukraine in recent years, since the market for the hotel services in Ukraine emerged in the first half of the 2000s. Initially, the focus of both local and foreign investors was on the development of the hotel market in Kyiv. Gradually, with the development of hotel business in Ukraine, investors’ interest began to shift in the direction of populated cities, primarily large business centers of the country (with a population of about 1 million people such as Kharkiv, Donetsk, Dnipropetrovsk, Lviv and in the direction of resort areas – Crimea, Carpathians, Odessa. According to the World Tourism Organization during the past 24 years the income from international tourism has increased by 9%. The number of international tourists every year is growing at a rate of 4%. Active development of hotel real estate segment was highly influenced by the European football championship held in 2011 due to the requirements of the cities-organizers which hosted matches (Kyiv, Kharkiv, Donetsk, Lviv to have certain number of hotel rooms of different categories. Purpose. The study is an analysis of the problems in the market of hotel services and prospects for their solution. Hospitality industry in Ukraine is one of the fastest growing sectors of the economy. It is pleasant to note that new hotels, rest houses and resorts are being opened while the existing hotels are being reconstructed to meet higher levels of services. Unsaturated market of hotel services of different levels creates a great opportunity for international hotel operators to enter Ukrainian market with confidence and expand its influence in the industry by the means of its internal policies. Therefore, this study is very relevant in the modern realms. The methodological base of research were works of domestic and foreign authors dedicated to the problems of the hotel industry development. Existing problems in the hospitality industry

  18. Hotel smoking policies and their implementation: a survey of California hotel managers.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zakarian, Joy M; Quintana, Penelope J E; Winston, Carl H; Matt, Georg E

    2017-01-01

    Most states in the U.S. permit hotels to allow smoking in some guest rooms, and only five (Indiana, Michigan, North Dakota, Vermont, and Wisconsin) require that all hotel and motel rooms be 100% smoke-free (State and local 100% smokefree hotel and motel guest room laws enacted as of July 3, 2017). Little is known, however, about how hotels' smoking policies have been implemented. This study examined hotels' smoking policies and their implementation. A telephone survey of a random sample of 383 California hotel managers was conducted. Overall, 60.6% of hotels reported that smoking was prohibited in all guest rooms, and 4.7% reported that smoking was prohibited everywhere on their property. While California law permitted smoking in up to 65% of guest rooms, only 6.9% of rooms were reported as smoking-permitted. Over 90% of hotels had smoking rooms scattered among nonsmoking rooms, and about half of the smoking hotels reported that guests requesting either smoking or nonsmoking rooms were sometimes assigned to the other room type. When guests smoked in nonsmoking rooms fees could be substantial, but were often uncollected. Hotel smoking policies and their implementation fall short of protecting nonsmoking guests and workers from exposure to secondhand and thirdhand smoke. Complete indoor smoking bans for all hotels are needed to close existing loopholes. Nonsmokers who wish to protect themselves from exposure to tobacco smoke should avoid hotels that permit smoking and instead stay in completely smoke-free hotels.

  19. Fuzzy Expert System For The Selection Of Tourist Hotels

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    GOPAL SINGH

    2015-08-01

    Full Text Available In the present work a simple and very effective mathematical model is designed for tourist hotels of LEVEL 2. Location of hotels building structure of hotels quality of hotels feedback of hotels and advertisement of hotels are as input factors. Trapezoidal membership function and triangular membership function are used for fuzzification process and defuzzification is done by COG technique. The fuzzy logic has been utilized in several different approaches to modeling the selection of tourist hotels process. This model addressed the hotel of LEVEL2 and this model concludes that the hotel is LEVEL 2 with degree of precision 52.15 .

  20. From Hotelling to Backstop Technology.

    OpenAIRE

    Levy, A.

    2000-01-01

    Hotelling's conceptual framework is expanded to incorporate the effects of a backstop technology on the planning horizon of the suppliers of an exhaustible resource and its price and quantity trajectories. It is shown that in the non-trivial case, the presence of a backstop technology shortens the planning horizon of the suppliers of the exhaustible resource in accordance with the resource suppliers' rate of time preference, backstop technology's rate of irnprovement and ratio of the initial ...

  1. Service quality in hotel industry

    OpenAIRE

    Mitreva, Elizabeta; Miteva, Natasa; Saneva, Dusica

    2017-01-01

    Quality assessment is one of the greatest challenges of hotel industry. Given its complex nature, numerous technics help in quality measurement, assessment and management. Following this it can be achieved full quality management and with that sustainable business development to the satisfaction of all stakeholders. In service industries quality is measured according to consumers’ expectation and perception. The aim of this paper is to, through literature review, to get the importance of qual...

  2. ECO-MARKETING TRENDS OF HOTEL INDUSTRY DEVELOPMENT IN UKRAINE

    OpenAIRE

    Olha DANILOVA; Nataly ZABLOTOVSKA; Inna PASHANIUK

    2017-01-01

    Eco-marketing trends of hotel industry development are examined. Major factors that effected on the appearance of eco-hotels are disclosed, as well as eco-hotel environmental and economic benefits are discussed. Classification of both eco-hotels and organizations involved in eco-certification is suggested. Problems and prospects of eco-hotel development in Ukraine are analyzed.

  3. Challenges of Hotel Branding. An Overview of the Romanian Seaside Hotel Industry

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Andreea-Daniela Moraru

    2016-01-01

    The paper is aimed at presenting several facets of branding in the hotel industry, and at brieflyasserting the current state and challenges faced by the Romanian Seaside hotel industry related tobranding.

  4. How do customers evaluate hotel service quality? An empirical study in Tehran hotels

    National Research Council Canada - National Science Library

    Seyedvahid Najafi; Saber Saati; Mohammad Kazem Bighami; Farshid Abdi

    2013-01-01

    The purpose of this study is to investigate the dimensions of hotel service quality, to assess relative importance of them and to evaluate service quality of Tehran hotels in terms of guests’ perspectives...

  5. Family involvement and hotel online reputation

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    J. Diéguez-Soto

    2017-07-01

    Full Text Available Online reputation is nowadays particularly significant in the context of hotel firms due to the high sensitivity and enormous influence of electronic word-of-mouth activities of customers. Since there is still no clear set of online reputation-generating factors, the aim of this paper is to contribute to this knowledge considering the role of family governance as an antecedent of hotel online reputation. Specifically, our purpose is to explain whether the heterogeneity among family firms regarding their family influence on the business exerts a significant effect on online reputation of hotel firms, investigating how family ownership and family management dimensions interact in terms of influencing online reputation. Our findings, based on a sample of 157 Spanish family hotels, indicate a positive influence of family ownership on a hotel's online reputation, augmented by a positive moderating effect of the family management represented by the presence of a family CEO managing the hotel.

  6. The Modern Marketing Communications of Hotel Enterprises

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Vlashchenko Nataliia M.

    2017-06-01

    Full Text Available The article is aimed at studying the features of marketing communications in the hotel industry and developing scientific-practical recommendations to activate their use at the level of domestic hotel enterprises. A classification of the communications of hotel enterprises, with defining the place for marketing therein, has been compiled. A complex of marketing communications of hotel enterprises has been developed, taking account of the current marketing instrumentarium. Objectives for the staff of hotel enterprises in terms of activities in the social networks have been formulated. Recommendations to activate the development of Internet marketing in the sphere of hospitality have been developed. It has been concluded that the special feature of promoting services of a hotel enterprise is the development of personalized relationships with customers.

  7. Estimating Source Duration for Moderate and Large Earthquakes in Taiwan

    Science.gov (United States)

    Chang, Wen-Yen; Hwang, Ruey-Der; Ho, Chien-Yin; Lin, Tzu-Wei

    2017-04-01

    Estimating Source Duration for Moderate and Large Earthquakes in Taiwan Wen-Yen Chang1, Ruey-Der Hwang2, Chien-Yin Ho3 and Tzu-Wei Lin4 1 Department of Natural Resources and Environmental Studies, National Dong Hwa University, Hualien, Taiwan, ROC 2Department of Geology, Chinese Culture University, Taipei, Taiwan, ROC 3Department of Earth Sciences, National Cheng Kung University, Tainan, Taiwan, ROC 4Seismology Center, Central Weather Bureau, Taipei, Taiwan, ROC ABSTRACT To construct a relationship between seismic moment (M0) and source duration (t) was important for seismic hazard in Taiwan, where earthquakes were quite active. In this study, we used a proposed inversion process using teleseismic P-waves to derive the M0-t relationship in the Taiwan region for the first time. Fifteen earthquakes with MW 5.5-7.1 and focal depths of less than 40 km were adopted. The inversion process could simultaneously determine source duration, focal depth, and pseudo radiation patterns of direct P-wave and two depth phases, by which M0 and fault plane solutions were estimated. Results showed that the estimated t ranging from 2.7 to 24.9 sec varied with one-third power of M0. That is, M0 is proportional to t**3, and then the relationship between both of them was M0=0.76*10**23(t)**3 , where M0 in dyne-cm and t in second. The M0-t relationship derived from this study was very close to those determined from global moderate to large earthquakes. For further understanding the validity in the derived relationship, through the constructed relationship of M0-, we inferred the source duration of the 1999 Chi-Chi (Taiwan) earthquake with M0=2-5*10**27 dyne-cm (corresponding to Mw = 7.5-7.7) to be approximately 29-40 sec, in agreement with many previous studies for source duration (28-42 sec).

  8. Empowerment Perceptions of Employees in Hotel Enterprises

    OpenAIRE

    Şenol Çavuş; Cüneyt Tokmak; Nasiykat Mambetova

    2015-01-01

    The concept of empowerment, which is applicable for any social group that the person belongs to, is an essential phenomenon for continuity and success of the organization. The main purpose of this study is to determine the empowerment perceptions of employees in hotel industry. The research was conducted in four and five star hotels that operate in the city of Bishkek, Kyrgyzstan, and 170 employees were reached at those hotels. Empowerment ...

  9. Perancangan Corporate Identity Hotel Idas Kuta - Bali

    OpenAIRE

    Beatric, Stephani; Soehardjo, A. J; Prasetyadi, Budi

    2013-01-01

    Hotel Idas Kuta-Bali memerlukan perancangan corporate identity yang baru guna membangun citra Perusahaan.Konsep perancangan corporate identity Hotel Idas dibuat sesuai dengan identitas dari hotel ini, yaitu hoteldengan konsep nuansa alam yang nyaman serta menyediakan fasilitas lengkap dengan harga terjangkau. Melaluipembuatan logo pada corporate identity dengan kesan simpel yang unik serta menunjukkan kepribadian darihotel, kemudian mengaplikasikannya pada berbagai media promosi yang berkaitan.

  10. AKSESIBILITAS HOTEL HORISON BEKASI DENGAN MAL METROPOLITAN

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Nadia Nursintia

    2016-03-01

    Full Text Available Abstract - Development of accommodation services is growing very fast, the construction of hotels ranging from low to star property confirms that the business is very profitable and promising. Growing hotel development as the presence and development of tourism in a region. Concept of mix used and are now growing in demand by developers. In addition to shorten the land, its facilities are increasingly in demand, because the concept of developing the land into two business buildings comprising the hotel and mall, can provide ease of access for service users to carry out all the activities that support their activities. Accessibility is a very important thing to be considered for the service users to choose the hotel accommodation that will be flown them. Distance, transportation, facilities, road conditions, and ease of location had been the benchmark and consideration to get a suitable hotel for their activities.   Keyword : Accessibility, Hotel   Abstrak - Perkembangan jasa akomodasi saat ini berkembang sangat cepat, dibangunnya hotel mulai dari hotel rendah hingga bintang menegaskan bahwa bisnis properti ini sangat menguntungkan dan menjanjikan. Pembangunan hotel berkembang seiring hadirnya dan berkembangnya pariwisata di suatu daerah. Konsep mix used pun kini semakin berkembang dan diminati oleh para pengembang. Selain karena mempersingkat lahan, fasilitas nya pun semakin diminati, karena konsep mengembangkan satu lahan menjadi dua bangunan usaha yang terdiri dari hotel dan mal, dapat memberikan kemudahan akses untuk para pengguna jasa untuk melakukan segala aktifitas yang mendukung kegiatannya. Aksesbilitas merupakan hal yang sangat penting yang menjadi pertimbangan bagi para pengguna jasa akomodasi untuk memilih hotel yang akan mereka singgahi. Jarak, transportasi, fasilitas, kondisi jalan, dan kemudahan lokasi lah yang menjadi tolak ukur dan pertimbangan untuk mendapatkan hotel yang cocok bagi kegiatan mereka.   Kata Kunci

  11. Antesen Customer Loyalty Pada Budget Hotel

    OpenAIRE

    Rahma, Latifa

    2016-01-01

    This research discusses the effects of Service Quality on Customer Satisfaction, Customer Loyalty, and Brand Image Budget hotel (Five Budget Hotel Managed by local chain hotel). The purpose of this study were 1) to analyze the effects of Service Quality on Customer Satisfaction, 2) to analyze the effects of Service Quality on Customer Loyalty, 3) to analyze the effect of Customer Satisfaction to Customer Loyalty, 4) to analyze the effects of Service Quality on the Brand Image, 5 ) to analyze ...

  12. Assessment of rainwater harvesting systems at a university in Taipei.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Chiang, V C; Kao, M H; Liu, J C

    2013-01-01

    Rainwater harvesting systems (RWHSs), a pilot-scale one (PSR) and a full-scale one (FSR), at a university campus in Taipei were assessed. Characteristics of harvested rainwater were analyzed, including pH, electrical conductivity (EC), turbidity, alkalinity, dissolved organic carbon (DOC), total coliform (TC), concentration of 14 metals (Al, Ca, K, Mg, Na, Cu, Fe, Mn, V, Zn, Cd, Cr, Pb and Ni) and concentration of 3 anions (Cl(-), SO(4)(2-) and NO(3)(-)). Rainwater in the FSR had pH in the neutral range and high alkalinity, whereas those of the PSR were acidic and with low buffer ability because of different catchment materials. Median concentrations of 14 metals from two RWHSs were low, except for Na, Ca, K and Mg. Anions, including Cl(-), NO(3)(-), and SO(4)(2-) showed much higher concentration in winter, indicating the influences of marine source and northeast monsoon. Effects of 14-day storage were examined and it was found that pH did not change, while EC, turbidity and DOC slightly decreased. Concentrations of anions and metals were stable, and TC counts of harvested rainwater increased in the beginning, and then declined with storage time. During antecedent dry days, total suspended particulates (TSPs) were collected and their dissolution was examined. Preliminary correlation of wet and dry depositions with rainwater quality was explored.

  13. Corporate social responsibility in hotel industry

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Maciej Abram

    2016-10-01

    Full Text Available The first objective of this article is to describe the fundamental aspects of the concept of Corporate Social Responsibility (CSR. The second goal is to present the activities, or the so-called good practices that hotels may take up and which are in tandem with the idea of CSR. The good practices will be described on the example of Polish hotel group and two hotels active on the Polish market, especially in Krakow. The article outlines possible benefits resulting from the implementation of CSR principles into the hotel strategy.

  14. C-corporation Hotels vs. Hotel-REITs: A Theoretical and Practical Comparison

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Tarik Dogru

    2017-02-01

    Full Text Available What are the main differences between C-corporation hotels, such as Marriott, Hilton, and Choice, and Hotel-REITs like Diamond Rock, Felcor, and Host? What are the potential growth opportunities in these hotel structures? The author answers these questions by comparing the two corporate structures.

  15. Familiy hotels as a development opportunity of Croatian hotel industry

    OpenAIRE

    Mili Razović

    2014-01-01

    Modern tourists during their stay in the tourism area expect hospitality and direct relationship with its host. The purpose of this paper is to point out the fact that the needs of modern tourists can be satisfied especially in the atmosphere and ambience of the family hotels as more significant form of Croatian tourism offer. Design – The paper consists of comments, research and research results. The methodology of this paper is based on field research on the islands of Brac, Vis, Hvar and Š...

  16. Re-Design Interior Boutique Hotel Di Malang

    OpenAIRE

    Mariana Wibowo, Inez Natalia Suteja

    2016-01-01

    Malang is one of the places nostalgia tourists by Dutchman. Design boutique hotel take building's dutch colonial. Boutique hotel having the characteristics of unique, historic, and fancy. Uniqueness boutique hotel ditonjolkan in the atmosphere hotel that looks homey with support 3star class hotel facilities. The concept of the basis of design with apply a style of design colonial into the interior of boutique hotel good with the material the wall, the floor, ceiling, column and the elements d...

  17. Strategic Management Practices within the Romanian Hotel Industry

    OpenAIRE

    Ovidiu-Niculae Bordean; Anca Borza

    2014-01-01

    The fierce competition among hotels had forced managers to reconsider the way in which they are doing business. The strategic planning is seen as one approach that could help hotel managers to bust their hotel performance and to obtain a competitive advantage against the other hotels. This paper addresses the issue of strategic management in the hotel industry through a survey designed to identify the strategic practices that hotels from the North-Western part of Romania are using. The resear...

  18. Horses Hotel: Proust a Contrapelo

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Patrick Bange

    2013-10-01

    Full Text Available Este trabalho articula uma crítica da peça Horses Hotel, dirigida por Alex Cassal e Clara Kutner e que esteve em cartaz no Oi Futuro do Flamengo, no Rio de Janeiro, de dezoito de abril a dois de junho de 2013. A partir de uma investigação do projeto estético disposto sobre o palco, percurso ao longo do qual convido Gustave Flaubert e Marcel Proust, discuto em que medida esse projeto constitui uma estética sintomática, cuja base está na defesa de uma arte pela sensação em si.

  19. Southeast Asia’s Relations with Taiwan, 2000-2016: An Assessment of Vietnam and Singapore

    Science.gov (United States)

    2017-09-01

    with a high demand for foreign workers, such as welding, hotel and restaurant services, health care, and electronics.82 In 2010, the rate of...sovereignty and promote it as an island capable of sustaining human habitation.118 On the one hand, Taiwan contributed to the easing of tensions in

  20. Renal oncocytoma: clinical experience of Taipei Veterans General Hospital.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Fan, Yu-Hua; Chang, Yen-Hwa; Huang, William J S; Chung, Hsiao-Jen; Chen, Kuang-Kuo

    2008-05-01

    Renal oncocytoma has been reported mostly in the Western literature, and only a few cases have been reported in Eastern populations. In the present study, we review the clinical course of renal oncocytoma in our institution. We obtained the files of 13 cases of renal oncocytoma between 1988 and 2006 from the pathological archives of Taipei Veterans General Hospital. We retrospectively analyzed the patients' characteristics, clinical manifestations, surgical technique and clinical outcome. The study population comprised 10 men and 3 women, and the mean age at diagnosis was 59.6 years (range, 37-75 years). Twelve patients (92%) were asymptomatic at presentation and were incidentally diagnosed to have renal tumor by sonography (9 patients), computed tomography (1 patient) or magnetic resonance imaging (2 patients), and 1 presented with hematuria. The clinical impression of oncocytoma was made preoperatively in only 3 patients by imaging studies, and most of the patients (76.9%) were diagnosed with renal cell carcinoma before surgery. Ten were treated with radical nephrectomy, 2 with partial nephrectomy, and 1 received excisional biopsy. All patients had unilateral solitary renal tumor; the right kidney was involved in 7 cases (54%) and the left in 6 (46%). Mean tumor size was 5.3 cm (range, 2.7-8.5 cm). Three patients were lost to follow-up in our series, and there was no recurrence or death (100% disease-specific survival) in the remaining 10 patients (77%) who were followed-up for a mean duration of 53.2 months (range, 10-117 months). Renal oncocytoma has a benign clinical course with excellent long-term outcomes. Currently, nephron-sparing surgery is the mainstay of treatment, especially in patients with small tumors. However, accurate preoperative diagnosis based only on imaging studies is difficult, and radical nephrectomy was performed for most of the patients in our series.

  1. Housekeeping ESL. Workplace Literacy Curriculum for Hotels.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Van Duzer, Carol; And Others

    This curriculum for hotel employees is based on the analyses of worksite tasks and interactions. Hotel housekeepers were observed on the job, supervisors were consulted, and existing resources were reviewed to determine the language and basic skills needed to effectively and efficiently perform job duties. Twelve curriculum units were developed,…

  2. Pricing in the hotel and catering sector

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    W.H.M. van der Hoeven; A.R. Thurik (Roy)

    1987-01-01

    textabstractA model explaining gross margins in the hotel and catering sector is developed. A cost-mark-up model for the retail sector is used as a starting point. Although we have to reject the hypothesis of mark-up pricing in the hotel and catering sector, the model proves a useful instrument to

  3. Boutique Hotel Di Manado. Superimpose Architecture

    OpenAIRE

    Pulu, Astrid A; Makainas, Idradjaja; Erdiono, Deddy

    2017-01-01

    Penyediaan jasa akomodasi yang memadai menjadi salah satu sarana pendukung kelancaran pariwisata suatu daerah. Bagi kota Manado dengan objek pariwisata yang mampu mencuri perhatian wisatawan domestik maupun mancanegara, hal ini merupakan sesuatu yang sangat penting. Berbagai hotel beserta klasifikasinya pun sudah banyak bermunculan. Namun melihat perkembangan minat wisatawan terhadap properti yang unik dan terasa berbeda semakin meningkat, maka kehadiran boutique hotel sangat dibutuhkan mengi...

  4. Hotel housekeeping work influences on hypertension management.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sanon, Marie-Anne

    2013-12-01

    Characteristics of hotel housekeeping work increase the risk for hypertension development. Little is known about the influences of such work on hypertension management. For this qualitative study, 27 Haitian immigrant hotel housekeepers from Miami-Dade County, FL were interviewed. Interview transcripts were analyzed with the assistance of the Atlas.ti software for code and theme identification. Influences of hotel housekeeping work on hypertension management arose both at the individual and system levels. Factors at the individual level included co-worker dynamics and maintenance of transmigrant life. Factors at the system level included supervisory support, workload, work pace, and work hiring practices. No positive influences were reported for workload and hiring practices. Workplace interventions may be beneficial for effective hypertension management among hotel housekeepers. These work influences must be considered when determining effective methods for hypertension management among hotel housekeepers. © 2013 Wiley Periodicals, Inc.

  5. Hotel en Guadalupe, Antillas francesas

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Bruyère, André

    1966-04-01

    Full Text Available This hotel complex includes a central building and two wings. The former is occupied with the main hall, reception zone, management offices, various shops, bars, games section, open air reception space, resting rooms, dancing hall, services and secondary rooms. The east wing contains the dining room, two drawing rooms, a hall for meetings and banquets, kitchen, dining room for the staff, washing facilities and similar. The west wing has 54 bedrooms and 3 reception rooms. The most outstanding features of this project are the use of concrete slabs for the roof, and the strongly articulate planform, which fits beautifully with the exuberant natural environment.El conjunto hotelero construido consta: de un cuerpo central y dos alas laterales. El primero alberga: la entrada del hotel; zona de recepción; despachos de la administración y dirección; varias tiendas; bares; áreas para juegos; salones al aire libre; salones de descanso; pista de baile; servicios; etc. El ala E. aloja: el comedor; dos salones; la sala para congresos, banquetes u otros usos, etc.; cocinas; comedor de los empleados; lavandería; etc. El ala O. consta de 84 dormitorios y 3 salones. Destacan como características más notables del edificio, el empleo de movidas láminas de hormigón como cubiertas y su planta ágil y viva, que tan bien encaja en el marco exuberante que la rodea.

  6. Hotel Intercontinental, en Ginebra (Suiza

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Honegger, Addor

    1965-12-01

    Full Text Available This is one of the largest hotels in Switzerland, having 400 bedrooms and a capacity for 800 guests, distributed in 15 storeys. There are also 3 restaurants, 3 bars, a dancing hall, a general hall, with installations for simultaneous translations, cinema shows, etc., with accommodation for 400 people, four lecture rooms, a number of luxurious shops, hairdressers and beauty salon, travelling agency, hot water pool, and other ameneties. Its main merit is the right choice of materials, and the simple, elegant style of its outer shape and interior decoration.Este hotel, que es uno de los mayores construidos en Suiza, cuenta, entre sus dependencias, con 400 habitaciones que pueden acoger a 800 huéspedes y distribuidas en 15 plantas; tres restaurantes; tres bares; un salón de baile; un salón para múltiples usos, equipado con instalaciones de traducción simultánea, de proyección, etc., y en el cual pueden ser servidos banquetes de 400 cubiertos; cuatro salas de conferencias; una serie de lujosas tiendas; peluquería y salón de belleza; agencias de viajes; piscina con agua caliente; etc. Su mayor atractivo reside en la acertada elección de los materiales empleados en su construcción, así como en la elegancia y sencillez de líneas exteriores y decoración interior.

  7. Environmentally-friendly practices in hotels

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Miriam Mbasera

    2016-03-01

    Full Text Available Orientation: There has been a growing concern for a ‘green’ hotel in the view of customers as they experience an increased awareness of environmental damage and excessive consumption of goods, energy and water.Research purpose: To determine the environmentally-friendly practices in hotels in Zimbabwe and South Africa and establish the contribution that hotels are making towards mitigation of the negative environmental effects.Motivation for the study: Currently, the world is facing environmental issues, which include global climate change, ozone depletion, pollution, high consumption of resources and increasing amounts of solid waste. Hotels, as part of the tourism industry, exert a significant impact on the environment. While the extent and range of the impact that hotels exert on the environment suggest an urgent need to address this problem, the question that arises is whether hoteliers appreciate the need for environmentally-friendly initiatives in their establishments.Research design, approach and method: A qualitative research was carried out in eight hotels that employ the strategy of the case study in the aforementioned countries. Main findings: Currently, no policies for green management exist, although some hotels do engage in some environmentally-friendly practices. Some hotel managers do not implement green management initiatives to mitigate the environmental problems emanating from their hotel operations.Practical and/or managerial implications: This indicates that a gap exists between managers’ awareness of appropriate environmentally-friendly practices for hotels, implying a need for training and increased awareness of green management.Contribution and/or value-add: The results could guide managers in the implementation of environmentally-friendly practices in an effort to mitigate environmental problems facing the present generation.

  8. The Impacts of the Mass Rapid Transit System on Household Car Ownership in Taipei

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Wen-Hsiu Huang

    2014-06-01

    Full Text Available This paper investigates the impacts of Taipei Mass Rapid Transit (MRT system on household car ownership and analyses how socioeconomic characteristics affect household car ownership. We employ a difference-in-difference (DID strategy integrated with generalized Poisson regression models to examine the effects of MRT. The results are as follows: first, the establishment of Taipei MRT significantly reduced the level of household car ownership. Expanding the network of MRT system can be a feasible policy to control car ownership. Second, the levels of household car ownership are related to household’s socioeconomic characteristics. Third, households with high dependence on public transport own fewer cars after Taipei MRT began operation. Hence, the traffic authority should adopt more effective methods to encourage public transit use in order to decrease household car ownership.

  9. 2 Hoteles en Almería - Gran Hotel Almería –Alcazaba Gran Hotel

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Cassinello, F.

    1970-05-01

    Full Text Available This article describes the above two hotels, one of which is a town hotel, namely the «Gran Hotel Almería », and the other a touristic hotel situated near the beach and close to sporting facilities. Both hotels are of 1. A classification, and have been carefully designed; they have basic characteristics that are common to both, but have many secondary features that are specific of each, depending on their emplacement and use.En este artículo se describen dos instalaciones hoteleras: una, de carácter urbano, «Gran Hotel Almería»; otra, eminentemente deportiva y de playa, «Alcazaba Gran Hotel». Ambos edificios son de categoría cuatro estrellas y se han estudiado cuidadosamente, plasmando características básicas y fundamentales comunes, pero con detalles distintivos que las diferencian, en función de su emplazamiento y utilización.

  10. The limits of global health diplomacy: Taiwan's observer status at the world health assembly.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Herington, Jonathan; Lee, Kelley

    2014-10-01

    In 2009, health authorities from Taiwan (under the name "Chinese Taipei")a formally attended the 62nd World Health Assembly (WHA) of the World Health Organization as observers, marking the country's participation for the first time since 1972. The long process of negotiating this breakthrough has been cited as an example of successful global health diplomacy. This paper analyses this negotiation process, drawing on government documents, formal representations from both sides of the Taiwan Strait, and key informant interviews. The actors and their motivations, along with the forums, practices and outcomes of the negotiation process, are detailed. While it is argued that non-traditional diplomatic action was important in establishing the case for Taiwan's inclusion at the WHA, traditional concerns regarding Taiwanese sovereignty and diplomatic representation ultimately played a decisive role. The persistent influence of these traditional diplomatic questions illustrates the limits of global health diplomacy.

  11. Brand performance of Chinese domestic vs. international hotels ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    The significant differences in financial performance between internationally branded hotels and domestically branded hotels in China inspired this study. As part of the research, we surveyed hotel operators and guests on their perception of brand performance of the hotel they managed and stayed at, respectively. Results ...

  12. Employees' perspectives of service quality in hotels | Al-Ababneh ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    ... four- and five-star hotels in Jordan were analysed with the SPSS software based on descriptive statistics. The study's findings indicated that service quality of five-star hotels in Jordan was higher than that of four-star hotels. Keywords: service quality, SERVQUAL, work environment, competitive advantage, hotel industry ...

  13. 網路中立性與我國寬頻政策之探討 ― 由臺北高等行政法院九十九年度訴字第一六五四號判決談起 Network Neutrality and Broadband Policy in Taiwan ― Comment on Decision of Taipei High Administrative Court Su-Tzu No. 99-1654

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    葉志良 Chih-Liang Yeh

    2012-06-01

    Full Text Available 網路中立性是探討網路服務業者進行差別待遇的議題,在美國與歐盟分別引發不同的討論。我國行政法院的判決本為解決國家通訊傳播委員會(NCC)是否有權審核電信業者陳報費率以外的事項,然NCC 在本案主張中華電信的費率附加條件違反網路中立性原則,同時在寬頻服務中僅有20M/2M 之速率服務有傳輸上限之條款,亦違電信公平提供服務原則。以上爭點雖並非直接與網路中立性之原則相關,但卻與歐盟、美國在處理網路中立性議題的歷程中所關注的資訊透明化以及無差別待遇等有所關連。美國與歐盟在網路中立性議題上的態度差異甚大:歐盟傾向將網路中立性的爭議以市場競爭的角度處理,仍在2009 年的指令修訂中增列透明度的義務,強化充分的資訊揭露;美國雖傾向制訂網路中立性的管制規範,卻也在新的法規命令中增列透明度的要求。綜合美國與歐盟的發展,對電信業者營運透明度揭露是兩者共同的方向,更為透明的資訊揭露將可促進市場競爭。我國並無直接的網路中立性規範,係因高度管制的市場使本議題重要性並不明顯。借鏡美歐經驗,以資訊透明度促進市場競爭,對我國寬頻服務市場之發展將更為有益。 Network neutrality is the issue about how the Internet service providers discriminate their services, and this issue has raised in-depth discussion in the United States and the European Union. In a recent court decision in Taiwan, the court aimed to clarify whether the National Communications Commission (NCC is empowered to review the matters outside the scope of rate plans. In this case, the NCC claimed that the additional condition is not only against the principle of network neutrality, but the condition with maximum transmission limit is also against the principle of fair offerings of telecommunication

  14. Optimasi Sistem Pencahayaan Buatan pada Budget Hotel di Surabaya

    OpenAIRE

    Soegandhi, Steffi Julia

    2015-01-01

    Budget hotel is a kind of hotel favored by people as place to stay temporarily with affordable cost. The low cost at budget hotel causes the lack of attention on the lighting system, especially the main product of a hotel, that is the bedroom. This research aims to analyze and to provide solution to an optimum lighting design on budget hotel in Surabaya, that is Hotel 88 and Hotel Bekizaar. Optimization is done by using the software DIALux 4.10. Analysis result shows that all lighting conditi...

  15. The many perspectives on the concept of boutique hotels

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ricardo Barbosa Angeli

    2012-12-01

    Full Text Available The hospitality industry needs from time to time to renovate its installations. There is no better moment for a marketing repositioning. This paper presents an exploratory study on how the boutique hotel concept is understood by researchers from different countries. Due to independent hotels agility in implementing innovations, it was considered the possibility of part of this segment adopting the boutique model to improve competitiveness against hotel chains. It was found that there is no single understanding of boutique hotel meaning. Nevertheless, small and fancy hotels with unique design and customer service are usually considered boutique hotels. Unique experience is also mentioned as an ingredient to a boutique hotel.

  16. Geography Matters in Online Hotel Reviews

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wang, Mingshu; Zhou, Xiaolu

    2016-06-01

    In resonance with the popularity of user-generated contents (UGC) and the volunteered geographic information (VGI), this study crowdsourced 77,098 hotel reviews of 220 hotels provided by U.S. reviewers in the city of San Francisco, 2002 to 2015. In this exploratory analysis, we have revealed that there is spatial dependence of customer satisfaction at different locations (of hotels), which violates the assumption that ordinary least-square (OLS) is the best linear unbiased estimator (BLUE); therefore, spatial model might be required for analysing any antecedents and consequences of such phenomena. These results have implications in marketing and management strategies.

  17. Human Resource Evaluation in Hotel Units

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    George Aspridis

    2012-03-01

    Full Text Available This paper aims at presenting and analysing the performance appraisalsystems and the human potential development in hotelunits. It aims at integrating and updating many aspects of performanceappraisal while concentrating on the hotel units systemto prove the importance of human resource evaluation in hotelunits and the procedure that is to be followed by the enterprisefor further development of hotel employees. HR evaluation analysisis presented through relevant theoretical background on theevaluation method and the presentation of the practical problematicalissues in order to create an image for a whole evaluationsystem of HR in Greek hotel enterprises.

  18. Loyalty Card Promotional Activity in Budget Hotel

    OpenAIRE

    Teng, Fei

    2010-01-01

    Loyalty card is one of the most commonly used promotional activities in business. Thus far, there are some research has been done on luxury hotel, but very few researches are on budget hotel. So, the purpose of the thesis is finding out the Swedish customers’ attitude and behavior towards budget hotel’s loyalty card; getting to know what factors influence Swedish customers’ response towards the loyalty card and budget hotels. In the thesis, the main research problem is “How do Swedish custome...

  19. Seroprevalence of enterovirus 71 and no evidence of crossprotection of enterovirus 71 antibody against the other enteroviruses in kindergarten children in Taipei city.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Huang, Wen-Chan; Huang, Li-Min; Kao, Chuan-Liang; Lu, Chun-Yi; Shao, Pei-Lan; Cheng, Ai-Ling; Fan, Tsui-Yien; Chi, Hsin; Chang, Luan-Yin

    2012-04-01

    Enterovirus 71 (EV71) infection may cause severe neurological and cardiopulmonary complications, especially in preschool children. This study is to investigate the seroprevalence and seroconversion of EV71, and the crossprotection of EV71 antibody against other enteroviruses among kindergarteners. Overall 228 children in a public kindergarten were enrolled during two academic years, 2006 and 2007, in Taipei, Taiwan and we measured their EV71 neutralizing antibody. When the participants had herpangina; hand, foot and mouth disease (HFMD); febrile illness or respiratory symptoms, throat swabs were sampled and processed for viral culture and enterovirus real-time reverse transcriptase polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR). Questionnaires, completed by the participants' guardians, surveyed the history of allergy and annual incidence of symptoms related to enterovirus infection. Seropositive rates of EV71 were 20% (32/163) in 2006 and 6% (4/65) in 2007. The rate of EV71 seropositivity increased with age (p < 0.01) in 2006 but it did not differ between genders (p = 0.14). No seroconversion was observed from 2006 to 2007. Herpangina occurred in 64% of children with EV71 seropositivity and 48% of those without EV71 antibodies (p = 0.12). Non-71 enterovirus infection, confirmed by viral study, occurred in 53% (19/36) of the EV71-seropositive children and in 53% (102/192) of EV71-seronegative children (p = 0.89). No participants had EV71 infection during the study period. EV71 did not frequently circulate in Taipei City from September 2006 to June 2008. Presence of EV71 neutralizing antibody was not associated with lower incidence of enterovirus infection caused by non-71 serotypes. Copyright © 2011. Published by Elsevier B.V.

  20. PENGGUNAAN SITUS WEB HOTEL DAN “ONLINE TRAVEL AGENCY” SEBAGAI MEDIA PROMOSI DAN PENJUALAN BAGI HOTEL MELATI DI UBUD

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Pande Putu Indrayana Tirtayasa

    2016-08-01

    Full Text Available The growth of the number of hotel rooms in Ubud has caused increasing business competition among the so called non-star melati hotel.Non-star melati hotel is a category of hotel which is not qualified to be awarded as a star hotel by Indonesian Ministry of Tourism.In response to the competition, the hotels embrace internet as a sales and promotion media by developing hotel websites.Individual tourism trend ignites the emergence of online travel agency websites (OTA which used by tourists to compare and choose hotels thus increasing the importance of internet as a channel for selling and promoting hotel products.The purposes of this research are to identify motivation, perception, advantages and disadvantages of hotel website and OTA by non-star melati hotel operator’s perspective.Theories used are motivation, perception, and SWOT theory. Data was analyzed with descriptive qualitative method.Results show that hotel website and OTA have its own advantages and disadvantages. Motivation in using hotel website and OTA are very high.Perception in using hotel website and OTA are very agree. It is advised that hotels need to focus more on using OTA as source of getting guests, but also using hotel website, together as medium for promotion and sales activities.

  1. THE ROLE OF MARKETING IN HOTEL INDUSTRY : Six successful hotel units in Abuja and Jakobstad

    OpenAIRE

    Talabi, Juwon

    2015-01-01

    The hotel business is arguably the most lucrative business within the hospitality industry. This is proven by the astronomical growth rate of the industry. However, in the recent years, the industry has witnessed a high level of competitions which makes hotel owners and managers search for new ways of ensuring success in their business voyages by applying different strategies to yield high occupancy rate of their hotel rooms and concomitantly provides them with good returns on their investmen...

  2. The position of hotel chains in hospitality industry on example of Hilton Hotels

    OpenAIRE

    Sadykova, Margarita

    2012-01-01

    Within a few decades globalization continues to be widespread in all sectors. This phenomenon affects tourism as well, we can follow such new trends such as acquisitions or creation of big hotel groups.Thus, we can see how this issue is important nowadays.This bachelor thesis project is focused on analyzing the current position of hotel chains on market. In the theoretical part are explained major terms related to the operation of hotel chains, system of their functioning and comparisons with...

  3. Pengaruh Bauran Promosi Hotel Terhadap Keputusan Menginap Business Traveler Di Hotel Bisnis (Studi Pada Tamu Hotel Ibis Surabaya City Center)

    OpenAIRE

    Molika, Enne; Abdillah, Yusri; Pangestuti, Edriana

    2017-01-01

    Promoting product is irnportant in business, because promotion has lasting irnpact in getting the consurner. This study airns to identify the effect of variable Promotion Mix (X) to the decision of stay (Y) business traveler at the Hotel Ibis Surabaya City Center,and to know the influence dorninant indicator in variable Promotion Mix on Structure Decision Stayed. The research using explanatory research rnethod with quantitative approach. The object is guest of Hotel Ibis Surabaya City Center....

  4. ECO-MARKETING TRENDS OF HOTEL INDUSTRY DEVELOPMENT IN UKRAINE

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Olha DANILOVA

    2017-06-01

    Full Text Available Eco-marketing trends of hotel industry development are examined. Major factors that effected on the appearance of eco-hotels are disclosed, as well as eco-hotel environmental and economic benefits are discussed. Classification of both eco-hotels and organizations involved in eco-certification is suggested. Problems and prospects of eco-hotel development in Ukraine are analyzed.

  5. Analýza boutique hotelů

    OpenAIRE

    Dvořáková, Lucie

    2014-01-01

    The Diploma thesis "Boutique Hotels Analysis" is focused on tourism and hotel industry in the Czech Republic. The theoretical part encompasses essential terms and pieces of knowledge in both sectors; the practical part is based on boutique hotel Buddha-Bar Hotel Prague. Provided services, position among competitive subjects in hotel industry market and satisfaction of staff are analyzed. Based on results, strategy for further development and suggestions for increasing competitiveness are reco...

  6. SYSTEM DYNAMIC MODEL OF MARKETING IN HOTEL COMPANY

    OpenAIRE

    Milić Beran, Ivona; Briš Alić, Martina; Antunica, Nikica

    2017-01-01

    The subject of this paper is qualitative as well as quantitative system dynamics modeling of the marketing department in a hotel company. It is known that there is an increasing number of tourists in Croatia and also that in some regions hotel capacities are insufficient so hotel management has a major challenge to make decisions about increasing hotel capacities. The dynamic model, in this study, is oriented towards building new hotel capacities according to the increased demand. The paper ...

  7. DAMPAK PERKEMBANGAN CITY HOTEL TERHADAP USAHA HOTEL MELATI DI KOTA DENPASAR

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ketut Ngurah Trisni Sakawati

    2015-09-01

    Full Text Available The tourism sector of Bali has developed rapidly in the last tenyears, especially when it is seen from the trend of the numbers ofdomestic and foreign tourist arrivals. This trend is accompaniedwith the increasing number of accommodation facilities. Denpasaris a region which shows the rapid growth of accommodationfacilities, such as the presence of a number of hotels in the city areawhich is often referred to as a city hotel. This study examines thefactors that cause the growth of city hotels, the impacts of the cityhotel growths on the budget hotel businesses, the competition andbusiness strategies of inter-city hotels as well as their influences onbusiness strategies of budget hotels in Denpasar City. The theoriesapplied in the study were the theory of supply and demand, theimpact theory and the theory of tourism policy. Data were collectedthrough observation and interviews with relevant tourismstakeholders. The findings show the rapid developments of the cityhotels have given negatif and positive impacts on the businesses ofthe budget hotels in Denpasar. To prevent excessive developmentof the city hotel, it is recommended to Denpasar government todevelop a needs assessment of hotel rooms and some policies suchas standard setting policies of room rates or equitable policy of thehotel developments.

  8. Hotel Section Management by Using Balanced Scorecard

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Anna Lysy

    2009-04-01

    Full Text Available The paper presents some problems in using Balanced Scorecard (BSC in a hotel section. Fundamental element, which marks out BSC conception, is consolidation around vision and strategy appointed by the hotel management. Well compiled strategy should join all the targets and indexes, which compose four perspectives in BSC. Hotel section is the main gaining centre in the hotel, because the service quality is the main target of management strategy. BSC is a tool, which should not only measure effectiveness, but also implement changes, as soon as possible, so that the effects and expected results will be quick achieved. Most of the companies, which have used this conception, have treated it as a basic management system that joins strategy and operational activity. Therefore it is necessary to improve, modernize and create new sub perspectives in compiled BSC.

  9. Empowerment Perceptions of Employees in Hotel Enterprises

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Şenol Çavuş

    2015-12-01

    Full Text Available The concept of empowerment, which is applicable for any social group that the person belongs to, is an essential phenomenon for continuity and success of the organization. The main purpose of this study is to determine the empowerment perceptions of employees in hotel industry. The research was conducted in four and five star hotels that operate in the city of Bishkek, Kyrgyzstan, and 170 employees were reached at those hotels. Empowerment perceptions of the employees were measured using the scales “Conditions of Work Effectiveness Questionnaire-II, CWEQ-II”and “Psychological Empowerment Scale, PES”. As a result of factor analysis made on the scales, it was observed that structural empowerment and psychological empowerment perceptions were grouped into three sub- dimensions. And in comparisons based on demographic factors; it was ob served that perceptions of empowerment have clearly differentiated according to level of education, level of income, hotel class, tourism education position, employee position

  10. Empowerment Perceptions of Employees in Hotel Enterprises

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Şenol ÇAVUŞ

    2015-12-01

    Full Text Available The concept of empowerment, which is applicable for any social group that the person belongs to, is an essential phenomenon for continuity and success of the organization. The main purpose of this study is to determine the empowerment perceptions of employees in hotel industry. The research was conducted in four and five star hotels that operate in the city of Bishkek, Kyrgyzstan, and 170 employees were reached at those hotels. Empowerment perceptions of the employees were measured using the scales “Conditions of Work Effectiveness Questionnaire-II, CWEQ-II” and “Psychological Empowerment Scale, PES”. As a result of factor analysis made on the scales, it was observed that structural empowerment and psychological empowerment perceptions were grouped into three sub-dimensions. And in comparisons based on demographic factors; it was ob served that perceptions of empowerment have clearly differentiated according to level of education, level of income, hotel class, tourism education position, employee position.

  11. Hotels and Motels - Volusia County Lodging (Points)

    Data.gov (United States)

    NSGIC Local Govt | GIS Inventory — Abstract: This file shows the physical location of known Hotel, Motel, and Bed and Breakfast establishments in Volusia County. This file will be checked at least...

  12. Rosebud Casino and Hotel NPDES Permit

    Science.gov (United States)

    Under NPDES permit SD-0034584, Rosebud Casino and Hotel, South Dakota, is authorized to discharge from its wastewater treatment facility in Todd County, South Dakota to an unnamed drainageway(s) tributary to Rock Creek.

  13. Rosebud Casino and Hotel NPDES Proposed Permit

    Science.gov (United States)

    Indian Country, Minor Permit, proposed permit SD-0034584, Rosebud Casino and Hotel, South Dakota, is authorized to discharge from its wastewater treatment facility in Todd County, South Dakota to an unnamed drainageway(s) tributary to Rock Creek.

  14. Hotel and Motel Fire Safety Project - USFA

    Data.gov (United States)

    Department of Homeland Security — Provides a listing of properties compliant with the requirements of the Hotel and Motel Fire Safety Act of 1990. Users may search for compliant properties and submit...

  15. Sustainability in the global hotel industry

    OpenAIRE

    Jones, Peter; Hillier, David; Comfort, Daphne

    2014-01-01

    The purpose of this paper is to provide an exploratory review of how the global hotel industry publicly communicates its approach to sustainability. \\ud \\ud The paper begins with an outline of the growing importance of sustainability within the hospitality industry and a short discussion of the characteristics of sustainability. The paper draws its empirical material from the most recent information on sustainability posted on the world's leading hotel chains' corporate websites. \\ud \\ud The ...

  16. ORGANIZATIONAL BEHAVIOR IN THE MACEDONIAN HOTEL BUSINESS

    OpenAIRE

    Zendeli, Mislim; Tulov, Blagica Rizoska

    2012-01-01

    This paper, beside its extensive coverage of the theory of organizational behavior, focuses on conducting an empirical research to determine the differences in perceptions of the employees employed in the hotel industry in Macedonia. By using a sample of 96 individuals aged from 20 to 65 years (56% employees, 44% managers and 35% females and 65% males), gender and work position have been confirmed as relevant variables that contribute to the organizational behavior in the hotel business in Ma...

  17. ORGANIZATIONAL BEHAVIOR IN A MACEDONIAN HOTEL BUSINESS

    OpenAIRE

    Zendeli, Mislim; Tulov, Blagica Rizoska

    2012-01-01

    This paper, beside its extensive coverage of the theory of organizational behavior, focuses on conducting an empirical research to determine the differences in perceptions of the employees employed in the hotel industry in Macedonia. By using a sample of 96 individuals aged from 20 to 65 years (56% employees, 44% managers and 35% females and 65% males), gender and work position have been confirmed as relevant variables that contribute to the organizational behavior in the hotel business in Ma...

  18. Analisa Investasi Hotel Axana (Ex Ambacang Padang

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Gusriani Gusriani

    2013-03-01

    Full Text Available Gempa bumi pada tahun 2009 mengakibatkan bangunan-bangunan di Padang banyak yang runtuh, salah satunya adalah Hotel Ambacang. Pemilik  membangun kembali Hotel  Ambacang dengan desain struktur  tahan gempa dan ini  membutuhkan biaya yang jauh lebih besar dari bangunan semula. Hotel Axana adalah hotel berbintang empat dengan jumlah lantai empat lantai, lantai satu terdiri dari kafe, lobby, gudang, coffe, dan ballroom, sedangkan untuk lantai dua terdiri dari 39 unit kamar, lantai tiga terdiri dari 37 unit kamar, lantai empat terdiri dari 38 unit kamar,  gym dan kolam renang. Penelitian ini bertujuan melakukan analisa kelayakan dengan meninjau aspek finansial. Analisa finansial ini dilakukan dengan menganalisa variabel investasi, kemudian menghitung pengeluaran dan  penerimaan  yang selanjutnya dapat dibuat cashflow selama masa investasi, kemudian dilakukan analisa sensitivitas terhadap variabel tingkatan jumlah pengunjung, tarif sewa kamar, dan suku bunga bank. Dari hasil analisa data diketahui bahwa Investasi total Hotel Axana Sebesar Rp 130.293.467.888,00 dengan NPV selama masa investasi  sebesar   Rp 1.712.634.662,00, sedangkan analisa Profitability Index (PI Hotel Axana ini = 1,3%, positif berarti hotel ini profit dan dikatakan layak dari segi finansial. Hasil analisa sensitivitas antara variabel okupansi, tarif sewa kamar, dan suku bunga terhadap NPV diketahui bahwa Hotel  Axana Padang layak jika  tingkat hunian lebih dari 40%, penurunan tarif sewa kamar tidak lebih dari 5% dari taraf saat ini,  suku bunga tidak lebih lebih dari 12,6 %.

  19. HOTEL HIJAU SEBAGAI ALTERNATIF PENGURANGAN DAMPAK LINGKUNGAN

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Nanny Roedji Roedji

    2016-11-01

    Full Text Available Nowadays, eviromental management has gotten a fully attention. Then, hospitality industry in East Java Province has committed to the Eco Friendly Enviroment needs a deep investigation in order to analyze a practical managment of hotel product which uses an eviromental friendly method in improving efficiency of energy, water, air quality, and solid waste management and liquid waste management system. This research used a descriptive qualitatif method which chracterized causuality and using a survey method. Data were collected by using an istitutional-perceptional approach and were analyzed by using enviromental performance scale from 1 to 5 point toward Green Hotel practice. The conclusion from the investigation result are; 45% hotel understand the concept and green product implementation. 50% hotel reuse the water to pour the garden. 40% about operating procedure such as towel reuse and bed sheet. 90% of the hotel already use VRV air-conditioner which can adjust the temperature suitable� with the number of the people in the room and its automatically turn off when there are no people in the room. 45% shows that hotel provide dispenser to combine shampoo and conditioner (hair moisturizer in one product so it will decrease the plastic waste.

  20. Optimization of AZO films prepared on flexible substrates

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    Institute of Biomedical Engineering, National Taiwan University, Taipei, Taiwan; Department of Mechanical Engineering, Ming Chi University of Technology, Taipei, Taiwan; Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, School of Medicine, National Taiwan University, Taipei, Taiwan; Department of Mechanical Engineering, Lunghwa ...

  1. USING THE ECO CONCEPT FOR SMART HOTEL PROMOTION CASE STUDY: HOTEL VEGA

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    NEACŞU NICOLETA ANDREEA

    2017-11-01

    Full Text Available In order to be competitive on the tourism market, hotels adopt different strategies. An intelligent and relatively new strategy that is adopted in the hotel market in Romania is the use of the ECO concept, the goal being to achieve sustainable development and sustainable tourism, involving a series of socio-economic benefits. One of the first accommodation units in Romania to use this strategy is Vega Hotel in Mamaia, a 5* hotel, which was awarded the Eco-Hotel Management System certification by Tuv-Rheinland Romania in the summer of 2009. This paper, through a market research, analyzes the views and attitudes of tourists on the use of the ECO concept in the hospitality industry.

  2. The prosecution of Taiwan sexuality researcher and activist Josephine Ho.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wang, Ping

    2004-05-01

    In April 2003, following a newspaper report of a hyperlink to a website on bestiality on the Sexuality Databank website of the Center for the Study of Sexualities, National Central University, Taipei, Taiwan, 14 conservative NGOs filed charges against the Center's founder, Josephine Ho, for "propagating obscenities that corrupt traditional values." Ho has been researching sexuality and supporting freedom for marginalised sexual minorities for ten years. In a public statement in response to the charges, she said that the work of scholarly research must not be dictated by prejudice and that differences in sexual values should not be arbitrated by law and should be open for public discussion. As the legal process began in January 2004, Ho's supporters in Taiwan have called for the preservation of the Taiwan Constitutional decree on integrity and autonomy of academic research and freedom of expression on the internet, for the University to resist calls to dismiss Ho from her post, and for respect for freedom of speech and expression and the right to create spaces to educate people about non-normative sexualities.

  3. The feasibility of QR-code prescription in Taiwan.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lin, C-H; Tsai, F-Y; Tsai, W-L; Wen, H-W; Hu, M-L

    2012-12-01

    An ideal Health Care Service is a service system that focuses on patients. Patients in Taiwan have the freedom to fill their prescriptions at any pharmacies contracted with National Health Insurance. Each of these pharmacies uses its own computer system. So far, there are at least ten different systems on the market in Taiwan. To transmit the prescription information from the hospital to the pharmacy accurately and efficiently presents a great issue. This study consisted of two-dimensional applications using a QR-code to capture Patient's identification and prescription information from the hospitals as well as using a webcam to read the QR-code and transfer all data to the pharmacy computer system. Two hospitals and 85 community pharmacies participated in the study. During the trial, all participant pharmacies appraised highly of the accurate transmission of the prescription information. The contents in QR-code prescriptions from Taipei area were picked up efficiently and accurately in pharmacies at Taichung area (middle Taiwan) without software system limit and area limitation. The QR-code device received a patent (No. M376844, March 2010) from Intellectual Property Office Ministry of Economic Affair, China. Our trial has proven that QR-code prescription can provide community pharmacists an efficient, accurate and inexpensive device to digitalize the prescription contents. Consequently, pharmacists can offer better quality of pharmacy service to patients. © 2012 Blackwell Publishing Ltd.

  4. Hotel Stouffer's Atlanta Inn. - Georgia (EE. UU.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Heery, -

    1976-04-01

    Full Text Available On a large 4-storey base structure rises a long, rather narrow 27-story tower. The 37,000 m2 of the hotel are distributed in the following manner: 525 hotel rooms, special suites, convention hall, meeting rooms; three restaurants with different interior decorations; ball room; cafeterias, shops; swimming-pools; additional installations that correspond to this hotel category. A chapter of great importance in the construction of the hotel was the interior planning and design. Different colour schemes, special furniture and a most varied selection of decorative and functional elements have been used. The materials and design of the exterior have been chosen with utmost care, whereby a contrast, though not a clash, with the adjacent buildings has been achieved. The hotel is completed with a 1,000-car parking deck, situated across the street and connected with the hotel by means of an over Street bridge.Está constituido por una amplia base de cuatro plantas, sobre la que se eleva una alta y esbelta torre de 27 plantas. En sus 37.000 m2 de superficie total se distribuyen: 525 habitaciones para clientes, incluyendo suites de categorías distintas; gran salón de congresos y salas de juntas y reuniones; tres restaurantes con distintas ambientaciones; sala de baile; cafeterías, tiendas; piscinas; y toda una serie de servicios propios de un hotel de esta categoría. Un capítulo de gran importancia en la construcción del hotel fue la ambientación interior, conseguida con diferentes esquemas de color, mobiliario especial y los más variados elementos decorativos y funcionales. El exterior también fue muy cuidado, empleándose materiales y diseños que contrastan, sin desentonar, con los edificios vecinos. El hotel se completa con un aparcamiento cubierto, de 1.000 plazas, situado al otro lado de la calle, y al que se une mediante un puente elevado.

  5. INVESTMENT EFFICIENCY IN NEW HOTEL BUILDINGS IN CROATIA

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Eddy Rot

    2012-12-01

    Full Text Available Abandonment of mass tourism in the late 80-ies of 20th century and attitude of humane tourism oriented to the needs and requirements of individuals, it is characterized by changes in the design and architectural design of hotel facilities. Features and functionality of hotel facilities are affected by trends in tourism demand. Tourism gets new features, which hotel companies must adapt. Individualism, humanism and hedonism are the guidelines that accompany the tourist industry in the 21st century. They determine the new considerations shaping and arranging hotel facilities, and the need for transformation of the hotel buildings designed for mass tourism in facilities for contemporary tourist who is aware of his needs, desires and aspirations. These trends should be monitored and the hotel industry in Croatia. The last decade marked by investments in reconstruction and modernization of existing hotel facilities, but investment in new hotel facilities are still minor. The reason for this is the fact that the hotel industry is low profitable activity, but also in the unfinished privatization, lack of domestic financial capital and the lack of attractiveness of the Croatia to attract foreign capital which would allow meaningful construction of new and rehabilitation of existing hotel facilities in line with trends in the tourism market. This paper critically examines the state of the hotel industry in the Republic of Croatia and its competitiveness in Europe, and it presents the results of research on the effectiveness of building a fictional hotel in Croatia, with a comparative analysis with European hotels.

  6. Modern quality management in hotel tourism

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Vorina Anton

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available Tourism is a rapidly growing industry that requires explosive reaction of management. In order to achieve or even exceed guests' expectations, we must determine what their expectations for quality of service are. The employees are the heart of business. How do we integrate all the power of quality that we will become in the eyes of customers? This is the task of modern management in tourism. In this paper we present an analysis of quality in a casual sample of 333 guests in 42 different hotels in Slovenia and Croatia. Based on multiple linear regression analysis, we found that guests in the four-star hotels are more satisfied with the quality of offers as guests in three-star hotels. Statistically significant differences between the three-stars hotels and four-star hotel is reflected in the satisfaction with the quality of food and drink and its quick service, the price of the service, friendliness of staff to guests, and the arrangement of the restaurant, reception and rooms.

  7. de los hoteles españoles

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Enrique Claver Cortés

    2007-01-01

    Full Text Available Los hoteles necesitan cada vez más información para su correcta gestión y para maximizar su desempeño o éxito empresarial. De esta forma, en este estudio se analizan una serie de variables estratégicas clave que influyen directamente sobre el desempeño hotelero. Estas variables son el tamaño, el tipo de gestión y la categoría de los hoteles. En este trabajo, empleando la teoría de los grupos estratégicos, se han agrupado los hoteles españoles de entre 3 a 5 estrellas en función de cada una de estas variables estratégicas con el objetivo de determinar si influyen significativamente sobre el desempeño hotelero y en qué sentido. Entre los resultados que se han obtenido destacan el hecho de que a mayor tamaño y categoría, mayor es el desempeño que alcanzan los hoteles. Así mismo, los hoteles que pertenecen a cadenas alcanzan niveles de desempeño mayores que los independientes. Por lo tanto, de esta investigación se deducen importantes implicaciones para la dirección hotelera.

  8. ANALYZING INCOME STATEMENT OF 3 STAR HOTELS IN THESSALONIKI

    National Research Council Canada - National Science Library

    Vassilis Chouliaras

    2012-01-01

    .... Moreover, many hotels have shown repeated losses. This study has attempted to investigate the effectiveness of the three star hotels of the city of Thessaloniki compared with the whole country...

  9. Emergency Management for Disasters in Malaysian Hotel Industry

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    AlBattat Ahmad Rasmi

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available This paper aims to identify major emergencies that have the potential to place Malaysian hotels in emergency and disaster situations; investigate how hotels were prepared for emergencies, how they manage and overcome emergencies when occurred; and limitations and factors influencing successful emergency planning and adoption emergency management in Malaysian hotels. Face-to-face interview with managers from three, four and five star hotels from different backgrounds: local; regional; and International in Kuala Lumpur, Subang, and Putrajaya are undertaken. The result revealed that Malaysian hotels are exposed to a wide range of natural and man-made disasters. Malaysian hotels lack proactive emergency planning and a lot of constraints which impede successful emergency planning for disasters in the hotel industry in Malaysia, with emphasizing on the relevant authority’s role to demonstrate emergency management to hotels convincing them to adopt such practices, so they can be able to cope with emergencies effectively.

  10. Role of parking in the hotel supply chain management

    National Research Council Canada - National Science Library

    Robert Maršanić; Edna Mrnjavac

    2015-01-01

    .... The hotel product as a tourist product presents a specific mix of services and products The focus of this study has been placed on the hotel company, that, in order to create such a product, builds...

  11. Developing a Model for Sustainable Hotels in Northern Cyprus

    National Research Council Canada - National Science Library

    Soad Abokhamis Mousavi; Ercan Hoşkara; Kyle M Woosnam

    2017-01-01

    The purpose of this work is to develop a sustainable hotel building model (SHBM) that will allow for the measurement of sustainability in determining what conditions are most ideal for hotels in Northern Cyprus...

  12. STRATEGIC MANAGEMENT PRACTICES WITHIN THE ROMANIAN HOTEL INDUSTRY

    National Research Council Canada - National Science Library

    Ovidiu-Niculae Bordean; Anca Borza

    2014-01-01

    .... This paper addresses the issue of strategic management in the hotel industry through a survey designed to identify the strategic practices that hotels from the North-Western part of Romania are using...

  13. Traveler's encounter with nymphs in a hotel bed.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sandlund, Johanna; Banaei, Niaz

    2014-01-01

    This case illustrates skin lesions in a traveler staying in a hotel bed infested with tics. Although infestation of hotels with bedbugs belonging to the Cimex genus is a growing problem worldwide, tick infestation has never been reported before.

  14. Disaster Preparedness of Hotel Industry Abroad: A Comparative Analysis

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    AlBattat Ahmad R.

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available This paper aims to identify major emergencies that have the potential to place hotels in emergency and disaster situations; investigate how hotels were prepared for emergencies, how they manage and overcome emergencies when occurred; and limitations and factors influencing successful emergency planning and adoption emergency management in Malaysian and Jordanian hotels. Face-to-face interview for managers from three, four and five star hotels from different backgrounds: local; regional; and International in Kuala Lumpur, Penang, Amman and Petra were undertaken. Results revealed that hotels are exposed to a wide range of natural and man-made disasters, Occurred globally affected locally. Hotels lack proactive emergency planning and a lot of constraints which impede successful emergency planning for disasters in the hotel industry, with emphasizing on the relevant authority’s role to demonstrate emergency management to hotels convincing them to adopt such practices, so they can be able to cope with emergencies effectively.

  15. Do social media display correct conventional hotel ratings ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    . Conventional ratings are ratings, commonlyusing stars as a symbol, allocated by government or private bodies that work with hotel inspectors. The data from guest ratingson TripAdvisor was explored through two samples of hotels that were ...

  16. BUCHAREST HOTEL MARKET IN THE EUROPEAN CONTEXT

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Silvia Patricia DODU

    2014-12-01

    Full Text Available The European hospitality industry currently sees an increase in all specific indicators, a fact that shows, on one hand, the ability of this sector to overcome the economic turbulences of recent years, but also the real perspectives for future growth. Today’s hotel industry can no longer rely on the traditional growth methods, and needs to prepare for the major confrontation with the next-generation technological developments that generate modern marketing channels but, by default, incur significantly higher costs for simply „being” on the market. The Bucharest hotel market is no exception; in the recent past, it has witnessed a slight upwards trend generated by the increase of demand in the business tourism area, while also facing the challenge of integration of modern technologies in the hotel business.

  17. Cryptosporidiosis Outbreak Associated With a Single Hotel.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Fill, Mary-Margaret A; Lloyd, Jennifer; Chakraverty, Tamal; Sweat, David; Manners, Judy; Garman, Katie; Hlavsa, Michele C; Roellig, Dawn M; Dunn, John R; Schaffner, William; Jones, Timothy F

    2017-05-01

    We investigated a gastrointestinal illness cluster among persons who attended a baseball tournament (>200 teams) during July 2015. We interviewed representatives of 19 teams; illness was reported among only the 9 (47%) teams that stayed at Hotel A (p Hotel A was significantly associated with illness (odds ratio: 7.3; 95% confidence interval: 3.6, 15.2). Eight out of nine (89%) stool specimens tested were positive for Cryptosporidium, with C. hominis IfA12G1 subtype identified in two specimens. The environmental health assessment detected a low free available chlorine level, and pool water tested positive for E. coli and total coliforms. A possible diarrheal contamination event, substantial hotel pool use, and use of cyanuric acid might have contributed to this outbreak and magnitude. Aquatic facilities practicing proper operation and maintenance (e.g., following the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention’s Model Aquatic Health Code) can protect the public’s health.

  18. Approaches to quality management in hotel industry

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Kateřina Ryglová

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available The aim of the paper is to present possibilities and specifics of quality management in hotel services with the focus on the Servqual model. Servqual works on the definition of five dimensions of service quality: tangibles, reliability, responsiveness, assurance and empathy. Demonstrating the practical application of Servqual in selected hotels in the Czech Republic is also a part of the paper. Input data have been gained by force of a primary field-research with the help of a quantitative research via questionnaires and deep interviews. The results of the Servqual score for individual dimensions of service quality have also been used to calculate a total weighted score for the examined hotels and to outline benchmarking utilisation possibilities.

  19. The effect of visibility of environmental friendliness in hotels

    OpenAIRE

    Hernesniemi, Maria

    2015-01-01

    This research studies the visibility of environmental friendliness in the hotel industry and whether or not it can have a positive effect, especially with profitability. Two local hotels from Helsinki are included as practical examples, Scandic Marski and Best Western Premier Hotel Katajanokka. The research is conducted using both quantitative and qualitative research methods as well as literature review. Close ended questionnaires were sent out to two case hotels and Scandic Marski Front Off...

  20. Penerapan Aplikasi Web Di Hotel Arinda Guest House Bandung

    OpenAIRE

    Ade Mubarok; M Ridza Apriyanta

    2017-01-01

    Abstrak Hotel adalah industri yang berkembang sangat cepat seiring dengan perkembangan teknologi informasi. salah satu faktor yang dapat memberikan fasilitas kenyamanan adalah adanya layanan informasi yang cepat untuk reservasi hotel. Beberapa masalah yang biasanya dihadapi pihak hotel dan calon tamunya seperti sulit mendapatkan informasi yang cepat, melakukan check in dan pembayaran yang mengharuskan tamu datang lansung ke hotel, melakukan pencatatan buku tamu dan membuat laporan secara ...

  1. The Market Opportunities of Hotel Investment in Semarang

    OpenAIRE

    Pratiwi, Nadiar; Setijanti, Purwanita; Utomo, Christiono

    2015-01-01

    Semarang is the capital city of Central Java with its greatest economic structure in the trading sector, including hotels and restaurants. Hotel investment in Semarang still has an opportunity. This research is needed to determine the best types of hotels that are possible to be built in Semarang. The method that is used in this research is surveyed by questionnaire and descriptive analysis using mean - standard deviation diagram. The types of hotels that are possible to be built in Semarang ...

  2. Emergency Management for Disasters in Malaysian Hotel Industry

    OpenAIRE

    AlBattat Ahmad Rasmi; Mat Som Ahmad Puad; Abukhalifeh Ala`a

    2014-01-01

    This paper aims to identify major emergencies that have the potential to place Malaysian hotels in emergency and disaster situations; investigate how hotels were prepared for emergencies, how they manage and overcome emergencies when occurred; and limitations and factors influencing successful emergency planning and adoption emergency management in Malaysian hotels. Face-to-face interview with managers from three, four and five star hotels from different backgrounds: local; regional; and Inte...

  3. The Pricing Effects of Heritage at an Iconic Hotel

    OpenAIRE

    Bradford T. Hudson

    2015-01-01

    Historic hotels are a recognized product type in the lodging industry and may be found in significant numbers throughout the globe. The purpose of this article is to validate the notion that heritage can be an important element of the consumer value proposition for older hotels, by demonstrating that an iconic hotel with a distinct historical identity is able to attain a price premium over newer hotels with comparable operating characteristics. This exploratory study is based on qualitative f...

  4. Financial Accountant Versus Managerial Accountant in the Hotel Business System

    OpenAIRE

    Ivana Zubac

    2012-01-01

    From the perspective of financial or managerial accountant, subject of interest in this paper is the relationship of financial and managerial accounting in the hotel business. Being necessary functions within the business system of hotel company, their mutual connection as well as their differences are explained. The management of hotel company makes decisions based on accounting information from both parts of accounting. As support to hotel management in decision-making, finan...

  5. Factors Influencing Customer Satisfaction with Chain Budget Hotels in Bangkok

    OpenAIRE

    Paphada Cherdchamadol; Pitinan Kawachart

    2013-01-01

    The budget hotels in Thailand are likely to grow by the growth of low cost airline. Since cheaper airline ticket, middle management employees and their families including tourists travel more and more. Other than that, budget hotel business requires low investment but good return. Not surprisingly, the giant public company in Thailand hotel business, CENTEL, has been planned to expand new brand of 2 star hotel chain to serve the number of increasing travelers for AEC in 2015. However, IBIS Ba...

  6. Disaster Preparedness of Hotel Industry Abroad: A Comparative Analysis

    OpenAIRE

    AlBattat Ahmad R.; Mat Som Ahmad Puad

    2014-01-01

    This paper aims to identify major emergencies that have the potential to place hotels in emergency and disaster situations; investigate how hotels were prepared for emergencies, how they manage and overcome emergencies when occurred; and limitations and factors influencing successful emergency planning and adoption emergency management in Malaysian and Jordanian hotels. Face-to-face interview for managers from three, four and five star hotels from different backgrounds: local; regional; and I...

  7. Business Guests Satisfaction in the Hotel Industry: A Case Study of North American Hotel Chains

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Milan Bradić

    2013-04-01

    Full Text Available This paper considers the problem of satisfaction of business guests with hotel brands in North America. In analysis we used the guests responses (scores given for 12 different elements of hotel product. In order to arrive at more accurate results, monitored hotel chains are grouped into price tiers. The aim of this paper is to indicate what facilities and services the North American business guests appreciate most. Industry trends and results may be beneficial to all hoteliers, especially in business tourism segment.

  8. Jebel Ali Hotel PV lighting systems

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Ellis, M.

    1984-05-01

    A large stand-alone PV lighting project was installed in June 1983 at the Jebel Ali Hotel in Dubai, United Arab Emirates. A high mast lighting system provides illumination for a 130 meter diameter traffic roundabout. The high mast system is powered by a 15 kilowatt peak array of Mobil Solar ribbon PV modules. Along the 700 meter access road leading to the hotel entrance, twenty-one PV powered streetlights provide low-level lighting. Each streetlight consists of a 20 watt fluorescent tube powered by two 35 Wp modules. Operation of both systems is completely automatic. Design, installation, and operating experience to date are reviewed.

  9. TOTAL QUALITY MANAGEMENT AND CONTEMPORARY HOTEL INDUSTRY

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ivica Batinić

    2013-04-01

    Full Text Available Strong competition in the market has caused the development of a new management approach known as Total Quality Management (TQM. Due to importance that quality plays in achieving competitive advantage, the hotel industry started to apply TQM. During the introduction of these systems, hotel companies may use different approaches to suit their own buseiness requirements. In doing so, 'TQM standards' can be used, or various international standards and models of business excellence Malcolm Balridge National Quality Award and European Quality Award.

  10. Amount of urinary iodine excretion in residents of Taipei City--a hospital-based study.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lin, H D; Lo, J G; Ching, K N

    1991-07-01

    The amount of urinary iodine excretion was measured by neutron activation analysis in 87 residents of Taipei City. The mean +/- SE of urinary iodine excretion expressed as ug iodine/g creatinine was 337.2 +/- 33.3 (335.3 +/- 59.5 for males and 338.4 +/- 40.6 for females). For each 10-year age group, from 20-29 to greater than or equal to 70, they were 396.6 +/- 106.1, 396.5 +/- 127.6, 306.5 +/- 116.7, 326.4 +/- 40.4, 338.1 +/- 64.3 and 222.9 +/- 100.6, respectively. Although there were no significant differences in sex and age, the amount of urinary iodine excretion was distributed in a very wide range from 38.6 to 1,526 ug iodine/g creatinine. Only 3% of the subjects excreted less than 50 ug iodine/g creatinine but 42.7% of our subjects excreted more than 300 ug iodine/g creatine. Iodine deficiency is not a real problem in Taipei City. However, about half of the Taipei City residents may take more than the suggested optimum amount of iodine.

  11. No gynecologist in town: the gynecological care of women in rural Taiwan

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Lai LJ

    2015-07-01

    Full Text Available Li-Jung Lai,1 Chia-Lin Chou,2 H Irene Su,3 Tzeng-Ji Chen,1,4 Li-Fang Chou,5 Yueh-Ching Chou,2,6,7 Shinn-Jang Hwang,1,8 Hann-Chin Yu9,10 1Department of Family Medicine, 2Department of Pharmacy, Taipei Veterans General Hospital, Taipei, Taiwan; 3Department of Reproductive Medicine, University of California, San Diego, CA, USA; 4Institute of Hospital and Health Care Administration, School of Medicine, National Yang-Ming University, 5Department of Public Finance, National Chengchi University, 6Department and Institute of Pharmacology, National Yang-Ming University, 7College of Pharmacy, Taipei Medical University, 8Department of Family Medicine, School of Medicine, National Yang-Ming University, Taipei, Taiwan; 9Taipei Veterans General Hospital Hsinchu Branch, Hsinchu County, Taiwan; 10Department of Healthcare Management, Yuanpei University, Hsinchu, Taiwan Background: A shortage of gynecologists exists in many countries. Even within an affluent country, gynecological clinics might not be evenly distributed. The purpose of the study was to investigate the disparity in gynecological care between adult women living in towns with and without gynecologists in Taiwan.Methods: Data sources were the cohort datasets of the National Health Insurance Research Database, with claims data of 1 million beneficiaries in 2010. A woman’s residency was operationally inferred from the locations where she had most frequently visited physicians’ clinics or local community hospitals within the year.Results: In Taiwan, 145 (39.4% of 368 towns had no practicing gynecologist. Of 382,167 women with health care use in the datasets, 21,794 (5.7% lived in towns without a gynecologist. The overwhelming majority of these towns lay in sparsely populated, rural areas. During the year, 132,702 women (34.7% had sought medical help for gynecological diseases and 113,698 (29.8% had visited gynecologists for gynecological diseases. Women in towns without a gynecologist were less

  12. Grid-Based Moment Tensor Inversion Technique by Using 3-D Green's Functions Database: A Demonstration of the 23 October 2004 Taipei Earthquake

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Shiann-Jong Lee

    2010-01-01

    Full Text Available Moment tensor inversion is a routine procedure to obtain information on an earthquake source for moment magnitude and focal mechanism. However, the inversion quality is usually controlled by factors such as knowledge of an earthquake location and the suitability of a 1-D velocity model used. Here we present an improved method to invert the moment tensor solution for local earthquakes. The proposed method differs from routine centroid-moment-tensor inversion of the Broadband Array in Taiwan for Seismology in three aspects. First, the inversion is repeated in the neighborhood of an earthquake_?s hypocenter on a grid basis. Second, it utilizes Green_?s functions based on a true three-dimensional velocity model. And third, it incorporates most of the input waveforms from strong-motion records. The proposed grid-based moment tensor inversion is applied to a local earthquake that occurred near the Taipei basin on 23 October 2004 to demonstrate its effectiveness and superiority over methods used in previous studies. By using the grid-based moment tensor inversion technique and 3-D Green_?s functions, the earthquake source parameters, including earthquake location, moment magnitude and focal mechanism, are accurately found that are sufficiently consistent with regional ground motion observations up to a frequency of 1.0 Hz. This approach can obtain more precise source parameters for other earthquakes in or near a well-modeled basin and crustal structure.

  13. Hotels as a Property Asset Class: International and South African ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    This article contributes to an understanding – presently undeveloped – of the production of hospitality spaces in South Africa, and in particular examines the country's growing hotel sector. The specific focus is upon the hotel as a form of property investment and the hotel sector as a specific property asset class. Against the ...

  14. Opinions from senior managers of London's luxury hotels

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    jane.b

    Keywords: Hotel spas, guest satisfaction, spa expectations, wellness centres. Introduction ... (Thieson 2012). A luxury hotel is more than just quality accommodation, ... revenue departments, similarly to that of food and beverage operations. .... customers' agenda (SpaFinder 2014), presenting the hotel spas of London with a ...

  15. Hotel Employees' Japanese Language Experiences: Implications and Suggestions.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Makita-Discekici, Yasuko

    1998-01-01

    Analyzes the Japanese language learning experiences of 13 hotel employees in Guam. Results of the study present implications and suggestions for a Japanese language program for the hotel industry. The project began as a result of hotel employees frustrations when they were unable to communicate effectively with their Japanese guests. (Auth/JL)

  16. Indoor air problems among employees at a hotel in Copenhagen

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Holst, Gitte Juel; Harboe, Henrik; Sigsgaard, Torben

    reporting these unexpected findings a hotel employee drew our attention to the hotel’s smoking room, a shelter in the basement of the hotel building without ventilation. However, a lot of the hotel staff smoked down there so an ozone generator was installed in order to clean the air. After this meeting...

  17. Strategic Management Practices within the Romanian Hotel Industry

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ovidiu-Niculae Bordean

    2014-11-01

    Full Text Available The fierce competition among hotels had forced managers to reconsider the way in which they are doing business. The strategic planning is seen as one approach that could help hotel managers to bust their hotel performance and to obtain a competitive advantage against the other hotels. This paper addresses the issue of strategic management in the hotel industry through a survey designed to identify the strategic practices that hotels from the North-Western part of Romania are using. The research study was based on a questionnaire that was administered to 65 key decision makers from the hotel industry in five large cities. The aim of the study was to offer a real picture of the strategic approaches that are implemented within the hotel industry. The study uses 25 statements that largely correspond to some of the most-cited strategic practices within the strategic management tourism literature. The hotels that took part in the study focused mainly on implementing the differentiation and innovation strategy. The ANOVA test showed that there are significant differences between the way in which these strategies are pursued according to several characteristics of the hotels (size, category and management type. The results offer valuable and consistent insights for both hotel managers who wish to develop better strategies and theoreticians who are interested in filling in the existing gap from the hotel literature.

  18. Hotel quality in the European Capital of Culture: Leeuwarden 2018

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Recommendations include the suggestions to further investigate in detail how individual hotels perform, to stimulate Leeuwarden hotel guests to leave more positive guest reviews on review sites, and for authorities to engage in stimulating the knowledge and skills of local hotel operators in order to be best prepared for the ...

  19. 40 CFR 30.18 - Hotel and motel fire safety.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... 40 Protection of Environment 1 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Hotel and motel fire safety. 30.18... EDUCATION, HOSPITALS, AND OTHER NON-PROFIT ORGANIZATIONS Pre-Award Requirements § 30.18 Hotel and motel fire safety. The Hotel and Motel Fire Safety Act of 1990 (Public Law 101-391) establishes a number of fire...

  20. Predictive factors for early menarche in Taiwan.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Chie, W C; Liu, Y H; Chi, J; Wu, V; Chen, A

    1997-06-01

    The rapid increase of breast cancer in Taiwan has prompted the authors to evaluate the predictive factors of early menarche among contemporary Taiwanese girls. A total of 895 four-grade girls from eight elementary schools in Taipei City and County were identified as a closed cohort from the first semester of 1993. Data were collected from self-administered questionnaires and school records. A total of 799 girls who had not menstruated in the first year remained in the group through 1994. The effects of potential predictive factors were assessed by logistic regression. Among the 799 girls followed, 69 (8.6%) had first menstruation between the fourth and fifth grades. Height, weight, body mass index and maternal early onset of menarche were positively related to the onset of menarche within the preceding year. Energy consumption during exercise showed only moderate association after being adjusted for age and weight. Calorie intake from junk food was not associated with early menarche within the preceding year. Poor interpersonal family relationships and stressful life events also showed a moderate association with early menarche. The data obtained supported the hypothesis that height, weight, body mass index and maternal early menarche are positive predictive factors of early menarche. The effects of exercise and childhood stress are less prominent.

  1. Nephrolithiasis screening for people with self-perceived exposure to melamine-contaminated milk products in Taipei County, Taiwan

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jeng-Cheng Wu

    2017-06-01

    Conclusion: These results suggested that governments can carry out a good risk communication program in relation to melamine-contaminated milk product events, and thus reassure the public as well as allay fears over perceived health risks stemming from such events.

  2. Feminist Debate in Taiwan's Buddhism: The Issue of the Eight Garudhammas

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Chiung Hwang Chen

    2011-11-01

    Full Text Available In 2001, during an academic conference on Humanistic Buddhism in Taipei, Venerable Shi Zhaohui, accompanied by a few Buddhist clergy and laypeople, tore apart a copy of the Eight Garudhammas (Eight Heavy Rules, regulations that govern the behavior of Buddhist nuns. Zhaohui's symbolic act created instant controversy as Taiwan's Buddhist community argued about the rules' authenticity and other issues within Buddhist monastic affairs. This paper examines the debate over the Eight Garudhammas and situates the debate within Taiwan's cultural terrain as well as the worldwide Buddhist feminist movement. I argue that while Zhaohui's call resulted in the abolishment of the rules neither at home nor abroad, it profoundly affected nuns' position in Buddhism and contributed to broader discussions on women and religion. In making this argument, I revisit the impact of Western feminism (and Western Buddhist feminists on Eastern religions and reconsider the tensions this relationship encompasses.

  3. Largest solar installation on a hotel in Switzerland; Groesste Hotel-Solaranlage der Schweiz

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Stadelmann, M.

    2008-07-01

    This article describes the solar thermal installation on the Hotel Europa in St. Moritz-Champfer, Switzerland. The installation provides heat energy for domestic hot water preparation and for the heating of the hotel's indoor swimming pool. A thirty-percent reduction of heating oil consumption has been obtained. The system, which is based on the 'low-flow' principle, provides the highest possible temperature difference while using low pumping energy. The hotel's hot-water circulation system, which ensures fast availability of hot water at the taps, is also discussed. This largest hotel solar installation is designed to meet heating and hot-water requirements during the summer season. The high requirements placed on the materials used are discussed. Schematics are provided and first operational experience is briefly discussed.

  4. Pioneering reconstruction with solar price. The romantic hotel Muottas Muragl; Wegweisender Umbau mit Solarpreis. Das Romantik Hotel Muottas Muragl

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Lauster, Marcus

    2012-07-01

    One of the most famous visitor terraces in Switzerland is Muottas Muragl at a height of 2456 m above sea. The Mounting Dining romantic hotel Muottas Muragl was opened in 2010. This hotel is more than just a typical first class extraordinary visitor terrace in the Engadine: It is the first plus energy-hotel in the Alps.

  5. Analisis Sistem Informasi Reservasi Hotel (Studi Pada Sistem Informasi Reservasi Dewarna Hotel Letjen Sutoyo Malang)

    OpenAIRE

    Aprillia, Carrine Ayu; Astuti, Endang Siti; Dewantara, Rizki Yudhi

    2017-01-01

    This study aims to describe and analyze of hotel reservation information system. Type of this research is qualitative research with descriptive analysis presented in the form of verbal, with more emphasis on contextual factors and are not bound by the calculation of the figures or the size of which is empirical. The research was conducted in Dewarna Hotel which located in the Lt. Jendral Sutoyo 22, Malang. The research used an interactive model which is very efficient in qualitative research ...

  6. The Conceptions of Hotel Management Profession of The Students Studying in Tourism and Hotel Management Program

    OpenAIRE

    Olcay, Atınç; Zafer ÇELİK

    2010-01-01

    Hotel management is a service industry sector in which circumstances are requirea by one human serving another and where opportunities are highly materialized. It is one of the rare business types where “human” is at the center bath as the service provider and the receiver. İt depends on flawless service that addresses different cultures and nations, depends on hard working conditions and requires smiling face and tolerance in its nature. Thus hotel management profession necessitates commitme...

  7. Women in the Hotel and Catering Industry.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hotel and Catering Training Board, Wembley (England).

    A study of the employment of women in the hotel and catering industry indicated that the industry employs nearly 17 percent of the entire paid female work force in the United Kingdom. Women constitute 75 percent of the industry's work force, and 47 percent of its managers are women. Women's position in the industry is characterized by their…

  8. Labour productivity in the hotel business

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    W.H.M. van der Hoeven; A.R. Thurik (Roy)

    1984-01-01

    textabstractThis article studies differences in labour productivity in the hotel business. Cross section data consisting of one German and two Dutch samples are used. Explanatory variables are: scale, proportion of restaurant sales relative to accommodation sales, wage rate, location and price. This

  9. The collected economics articles of Harold Hotelling

    CERN Document Server

    1990-01-01

    In 1985 I first began my research on the life and work of Harold Hotel­ ling. That year, Harold Hotelling's widow had donated the collection of his private p:;tpers, correspondence and manuscripts to the Butler Library, Columbia University. This is a most appropriate place for them to reside, in that Hotelling's most productive period as an active researcher in eco­ nomics and statistics coincides with the years when he was Professor of Mathematical Economics at Columbia (1931-1946). The Hotelling Collection comprises some 13,000 separate items and contains numerous unpublished letters and manuscripts of great importance to historians of economics and statistics. In the course of the following year I was able, with the generous financial assistance of the Nuffield Foundation, the Economic and Social Research Council, the British Academy and the University of Durham, to spend six weeks over the Easter period working on the collection. I returned to New York in September 1986 while on sabbatical leave from th...

  10. Addressing sustainability in hotel management education: designing ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    This paper reports on combining generic reference points that can be distilled from literature with the analysis of 18 face-to-face interviews with relevant stakeholders as input for designing a sustainability course within a (higher education) hotel management curriculum. The train of thought presented here shows that by ...

  11. An integrated forecasting approach to hotel demand

    National Research Council Canada - National Science Library

    Yüksel, Sedat

    2007-01-01

    .... We showed that if this forecasting and adjustment process is applied to a hotel monthly, it can be used to predict demand and help the management avoid crises arising from demand fluctuations in their business. The most important characteristic of the model is that it can accommodate change and be further refined in the future.

  12. Hotell Hilton Tallinn Park / Kersti Pikk

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Pikk, Kersti

    2016-01-01

    Äriklassihotellide ketti Hilton kuuluv hotell Tallinnas. Arhitektuurse lahenduse autor Meelis Press. Interjööri kujundasid Soome büroo dSign Vertti Kivi & Co ja Allianss Arhitektid. Hotelli tube ja üldalasid kaunistavad Katrin Karu ja Maria Simsoni maalid

  13. Ashford Castle Hotel: Epitome of an excellent service experience

    OpenAIRE

    Kumar, V.; Brady, M.

    2014-01-01

    Ashford Castle Hotel is one of the world’s finest five star luxury hotels, located in County Mayo on the dramatic west coast of Ireland. The castle dates from the 13th century and has been continuously occupied since then. The hotel is a member of Leading Hotels of the World, Ltd. and in 2013 was voted by Condé Nast Traveler® as the number three resort hotel in Europe, receiving a rating of 96.8% for service.\\ud Ashford Castle was first built as a defensive castle by the Anglo-Norman de Burgo...

  14. The Application of Intelligent Building Technologies to Space Hotels

    Science.gov (United States)

    Fawkes, S.

    This paper reports that over the last few years Intelligent Building technologies have matured and standardised. It compares the functions of command and control systems in future large space facilities such as space hotels to those commonly found in Intelligent Buildings and looks at how Intelligent Building technologies may be applied to space hotels. Many of the functions required in space hotels are the same as those needed in terrestrial buildings. The adaptation of standardised, low cost, Intelligent Building technologies would reduce capital costs and ease development of future space hotels. Other aspects of Intelligent Buildings may also provide useful models for the development and operation of space hotels.

  15. Hotel innovation and its effect on business performance

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Mattsson, Jan; Orfila-Sintes, Francina

    2014-01-01

    This paper explores the dynamics of hotel innovation and its impact on hotel performance with a representative sample of the whole hotel sector operating in the Balearic Islands, Spain. The managers of sampled hotels (N = 331) answered questions about innovations over a 6-year period. On the basis...... of an earlier developed model of innovation types, we investigate the effect on performance of different types of innovation. We find that two combinations of innovation types impact hotel performance in a positive way, namely the combinations termed, Full and Service&Back-Office innovation. We therefore...

  16. The Conceptions of Hotel Management Profession of The Students Studying in Tourism and Hotel Management Program

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Atınç OLCAY

    2010-12-01

    Full Text Available Hotel management is a service industry sector in which circumstances are requirea by one human serving another and where opportunities are highly materialized. It is one of the rare business types where “human” is at the center bath as the service provider and the receiver. İt depends on flawless service that addresses different cultures and nations, depends on hard working conditions and requires smiling face and tolerance in its nature. Thus hotel management profession necessitates commitment and sacrifice. In this respect, it is impossible for a hotelkeeper that does not like and respect his/her profession to become neither successful nor happy spiritually and physically. This research is conducted to find out the conceptions of the students in Gaziantep University Tourism and Hotel Management Community College. Additionally, in this research, it is observed whether the correlation between students’ approach to define hotel management as a profession have a meaningful difference in statistical variables like gender and the type of high school that they have graduated. Results indicate that large numbers of students participating in this research have a positive conception of the hotel management profession and there are determined meaningful differences between students’ approach towards the hotel management profession and their statistical variables like gender and the type of high school they graduated

  17. Application of Text Mining to Extract Hotel Attributes and Construct Perceptual Map of Five Star Hotels from Online Review: Study of Jakarta and Singapore Five-Star Hotels

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Arga Hananto

    2015-12-01

    Full Text Available The use of post-purchase online consumer review in hotel attributes study was still scarce in the literature. Arguably, post purchase online review data would gain more accurate attributes thatconsumers actually consider in their purchase decision. This study aims to extract attributes from two samples of five-star hotel reviews (Jakarta and Singapore with text mining methodology. In addition,this study also aims to describe positioning of five-star hotels in Jakarta and Singapore based on the extracted attributes using Correspondence Analysis. This study finds that reviewers of five star hotels in both cities mentioned similar attributes such as service, staff, club, location, pool and food. Attributes derived from text mining seem to be viable input to build fairly accurate positioning map of hotels. This study has demonstrated the viability of online review as a source of data for hotel attribute and positioning studies.

  18. Legionellosis Outbreak Associated With a Hotel Fountain.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Smith, Shamika S; Ritger, Kathy; Samala, Usha; Black, Stephanie R; Okodua, Margaret; Miller, Loretta; Kozak-Muiznieks, Natalia A; Hicks, Lauri A; Steinheimer, Craig; Ewaidah, Saadeh; Presser, Lance; Siston, Alicia M

    2015-12-01

    Background.  In August 2012, the Chicago Department of Public Health (CDPH) was notified of acute respiratory illness, including 1 fatality, among a group of meeting attendees who stayed at a Chicago hotel during July 30-August 3, 2012. Suspecting Legionnaires' disease (LD), CDPH advised the hotel to close their swimming pool, spa, and decorative lobby fountain and began an investigation. Methods.  Case finding included notification of individuals potentially exposed during July 16-August 15, 2012. Individuals were interviewed using a standardized questionnaire. An environmental assessment was performed. Results.  One hundred fourteen cases were identified: 11 confirmed LD, 29 suspect LD, and 74 Pontiac fever cases. Illness onsets occurred July 21-August 22, 2012. Median age was 48 years (range, 22-82 years), 64% were male, 59% sought medical care (15 hospitalizations), and 3 died. Relative risks for hotel exposures revealed that persons who spent time near the decorative fountain or bar, both located in the lobby were respectively 2.13 (95%, 1.64-2.77) and 1.25 (95% CI, 1.09-1.44) times more likely to become ill than those who did not. Legionella pneumophila serogroup 1 was isolated from samples collected from the fountain, spa, and women's locker room fixtures. Legionella pneumophila serogroup 1 environmental isolates and a clinical isolate had matching sequence-based types. Hotel maintenance records lacked a record of regular cleaning and disinfection of the fountain. Conclusions.  Environmental testing identified Legionella in the hotel's potable water system. Epidemiologic and laboratory data indicated the decorative fountain as the source. Poor fountain maintenance likely created favorable conditions for Legionella overgrowth.

  19. Chronic disease risk factors among hotel workers.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gawde, Nilesh Chandrakant; Kurlikar, Prashika R

    2016-01-01

    Non-communicable diseases have emerged as a global health issue. Role of occupation in pathogenesis of non-communicable diseases has not been explored much especially in the hospitality industry. Objectives of this study include finding risk factor prevalence among hotel workers and studying relationship between occupational group and chronic disease risk factors chiefly high body mass index. A cross-sectional study was conducted among non-managerial employees from classified hotels in India. The study participants self-administered pre-designed pilot-tested questionnaires. The risk factor prevalence rates were expressed as percentages. Chi-square test was used for bi-variate analysis. Overweight was chosen as 'outcome' variable of interest and binary multi-logistic regression analysis was used to identify determinants. The prevalence rates of tobacco use, alcohol use, inadequate physical activity and inadequate intake of fruits and vegetables were 32%, 49%, 24% and 92% respectively among hotel employees. Tobacco use was significantly common among those in food preparation and service, alcohol use among those in food service and security and leisure time physical activity among front office workers. More than two-fifths (42.7%) were overweight. Among the hotel workers, those employed in food preparation and security had higher odds of 1.650 (CI: 1.025 - 2.655) and 3.245 (CI: 1.296 - 8.129) respectively of being overweight. Prevalence of chronic disease risk factors is high among hotel workers. Risk of overweight is significantly high in food preparation and security departments and workplace interventions are necessary to address these risks.

  20. THE AVATARS OF HOTELS CLASSIFICATION SYSTEMS

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Nicolae LUPU

    2010-12-01

    Full Text Available As the needs and expectations of the clients evolved, stimulating the development of the hotel supply, the need for regulation of the activity domain became imperative, by adopting measures for protecting the rights and interests of final consumers or clients. To this end, the classification systems of accommodation structures are conceived and implemented, either compulsory or volunteer, officially statuated at national or regional level, consensually adopted at the level of hotel owners’ organizations or proposed by other entities, consecrated by unofficial recognition from the public. The realized research is an exploratory one, based on the collection of secondary sources.In Romania, from 1991, seven different sets of norms for star classification systems were adopted. Other example is Spain, where each of the 17 governments of the autonomous communities is entitled to adopt its own regulation. Confronted with the heterogeneity of classification systems in Europe, which affects consumers’ rights and interests for information, HOTREC, which is the confederation of hotel owners’ organizations in the European hospitality industry adopted, in 2009, a series of 21 principles regarding the establishment or revision of the national and regional hotel classification systems. In December 2009, in Prague, under the HOTREC patronage, organizations from seven countries (Germany, Austria, Hungary, Switzerland, Czech Republic, Sweden, and the Netherlands have announced the founding of the Hotelstars Union – a common system of hotel classification, which is already applied. It is expected that the number of the Hotelstars Union will increase. Nevertheless, there are voices against this attempt. What is the way Romania should choose?

  1. Characteristics of Broadband Seismic Noise in Taiwan and Neighboring Islands

    Science.gov (United States)

    Chen, Ching-Wei; Rau, Ruey-Juin

    2017-04-01

    We used seismic waveform data from 115 broad-band stations of BATS (Institute of Earth Science, Academia Sinica) and Central Weather Bureau Seismic Network from 2012 to 2016 for noise-level mapping in Taiwan and neighboring islands. We computed Power Spectral Density (PSD) for each station and analyzed long-term variance of microseism energy and polarizations of noise for severe weather events. The island of Taiwan is surrounded by ocean and the Central Range which has the highest peak Jade Mountain at 3,952 meters height occupies more than 66% of the island and departs it into the east and west coasts. The geographic settings then result in the high population density in the western plain and northern Taiwan. The dominant noise source in the microseism band (periods from 4-20 seconds) is the coupling between the near-coast ocean and sea floor which produces the high noise of averaging -130 dB along the west coastal area. In the eastern volcanic-arc coastal areas, the noise level is about 7% smaller than the west coast due to its deeper offshore water depth. As for the shorter periods (0.1-0.25 seconds) band, the so-called culture noise, an anthropic activity variance with the highest -103 dB can be identified in the metropolitan areas, such as the Taipei city and the noise level in the Central Range area is averaging -138 dB. Moreover, the noise also shows a daily and temporal evolution mainly related to the traffic effect. Furthermore, we determined the noise level for the entire island of Taiwan during 26-28 September, 2016, when the typhoon Megi hit the island and retrieved the enhancement of secondary microseism energy for each stations. Typhoon Megi landed in eastern and central Taiwan and reached the maximum wind speed of 45m/s in the surrounded eyewall. The Central Range, as a barrier, decreased the wind speed in southern Taiwan making an enhancement less than 10 dB, while in northern Taiwan where the direction the typhoon headed to, can reach more than 35

  2. Hotel Overbooking and Cooperation with Third-Party Websites

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Yufeng Dong

    2015-08-01

    Full Text Available Hotels cooperate with third-party websites to enhance their competitive position and attain sustainable development in the era of e-commerce. Furthermore, hotel managers overbook to hedge against last-minute cancellations and customer no-shows. This paper discusses pricing and overbooking strategies of a hotel in the context of cooperation with multiple third-party websites and analyzes how these strategies influence the cooperation process. The increase in profits resulting from the overbooking strategy is also examined. A model of a Stackelberg game between the hotel and third-party websites and a Nash game among the third-party websites are developed to analyze the process. Results indicate that the compensation coefficient has a slight influence on hotel pricing strategy, but causes a sharp decrease in overbooking level. As the hotel demands to lessen the probability of denying under higher compensation rate, the third-party websites would exert less sales effort to reduce the demand of online customers. Results also show that under a given market demand, hotel effort only serves to redistribute market shares among the hotel and third-party websites, without influencing hotel pricing and overbooking decisions. Specifically, the market shares of the third-party websites decrease in the effort level of the hotel resulting from an increase in the hotel market share. Finally, in the numerical example where one hotel and two websites are analyzed, hotel overbooking strategy improves hotel profit by 4.20%, whereas profit improvements for Websites 1 and 2 are as high as 5.26% and 5.21%, respectively. Managerial implications of the study are also provided.

  3. Predictive factors warrant screening for obstructive sleep apnea in COPD: a Taiwan National Survey

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Hang LW

    2016-03-01

    Full Text Available Liang-Wen Hang,1,2 Jeng-Yuan Hsu,3 Chee-Jen Chang,4 Hao-Chien Wang,5,6 Shih-Lung Cheng,7,8 Ching-Hsiung Lin,9 Ming-Cheng Chan,3 Chin-Chou Wang,10 Diahn-Warng Perng,11 Chong-Jen Yu5,6 On behalf of the Taiwan COPD Consortium 1Department of Respiratory Therapy, College of Health Care, China Medical University, 2Sleep Medicine Center, Department of Pulmonary and Critical Care Medicine, China Medical University Hospital, 3Department of Internal Medicine, Taichung Veterans General Hospital, Taichung, 4Biostatistical Center for Clinical Research, Chang Gung Memorial Hospital, Linkou Branch, Guishan Township, Taoyuan County, 5Department of Internal Medicine, National Taiwan University Hospital, 6Department of Internal Medicine, National Taiwan University, College of Medicine, Taipei, 7Department of Internal Medicine, Far Eastern Memorial Hospital, New Taipei City, 8Department of Chemical Engineering and Materials Science, Yuan Ze University, Chung-Li City, Taoyuan County, 9Division of Chest Medicine, Changhua Christian Hospital, Changhua City, Changhua County, 10Division of Pulmonary and Critical Care Medicine, Kaohsiung Chang Gung Memorial Hospital, Kaohsiung, 11Department of Chest Medicine, Taipei Veterans General Hospital, Taipei, Taiwan, Republic of China Background and objectives: COPD and obstructive sleep apnea (OSA share similar pathological processes and cardiovascular sequelae. Coexisting OSA in COPD – “overlap syndrome” – has worse prognosis than either condition alone, and appropriate treatment improves survival. Our objectives were to ascertain the frequency at which COPD coexists with the risk of OSA in Taiwan and to compare the risk factors, COPD symptoms, and life quality metrics between COPD subgroups with versus without risk of OSA. Methods: We conducted a random cross-sectional national telephone survey of adults >40 years old in Taiwan. Participants fulfilling an epidemiological case definition of COPD completed a

  4. The epidemiology and burden of Alzheimer’s disease in Taiwan utilizing data from the National Health Insurance Research Database

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Hung YN

    2016-08-01

    Full Text Available Yen-Ni Hung,1 Zbigniew Kadziola,2 Alan JM Brnabic,3 Ju-Fen Yeh,4 Jong-Ling Fuh,5,6 Jen-Ping Hwang,7,8 William Montgomery,9 1School of Gerontology Health Management and Master Program in Long-Term Care, College of Nursing, Taipei Medical University, Taipei, Taiwan, Republic of China; 2Real World Analytics, Eli Lilly GmbH, Vienna, Austria; 3Real World Analytics, Eli Lilly Australia Pty Ltd, West Ryde, NSW, Australia; 4Department of Medicine, Eli Lilly and Company, Taiwan, Republic of China; 5Department of Neurology, Neurological Institute, Taipei Veterans General Hospital, 6Faculty of Medicine, School of Medicine, National Yang Ming University, 7Department of Psychiatry, Taipei Veterans General Hospital, 8Division of Psychiatry, School of Medicine, National Yang-Ming University, Taipei, Taiwan, Republic of China; 9Eli Lilly Australia Pty Ltd, West Ryde, NSW, Australia Purpose: The objectives of this study were to estimate the incidence, cumulative incidence, and economic burden of Alzheimer’s disease (AD in Taiwan, using data from the National Health Insurance Research Database (NHIRD.Materials and methods: This was a retrospective, longitudinal, observational study using data from the Longitudinal Health Insurance Database of the NHIRD. Patients were included in this study if they were 50 years of age or older and their records included a primary or secondary diagnosis of AD. New patients who met inclusion criteria were followed up longitudinally from 2005 to 2010. Costs were calculated for the first year following the diagnosis of AD.Results: Overall, a higher percentage of women than men were diagnosed with AD (54% vs 46%, respectively. The first AD diagnosis occurred most frequently in the age of 75–84 years. The person-year incidence rate increased from 5.63/1,000 persons (95% CI, 5.32–5.94 in 2005 to 8.17/1,000 persons (95% CI, 7.78–8.57 in 2010. The cumulative incidence rate was 33.54/1,000 persons (95% CI, 32.76–34.33 in 2005

  5. ENVIRONMENTAL MANAGEMENT AT STAR RATED HOTEL IN BALI

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jaya Pramono

    2014-03-01

    Full Text Available The outcomes of tourism in relation to the environmental sustainability is to preserve nature, environment, and resources availablity. Therefore, the obligation to maintain sustainability of environmental are become a top agenda for the managers of the star-rated hotels. In line with this spirit the high growth of hotel and tourist arrival in Bali correlated with the high of resources use to meet the demand of hotel guests, it will affect to the environment of hotel and the environmental of Bali. This study surveyed 126 star hotels in Bali (which consists of four (4 one-star hotels, ten (10 two-star hotels, thirty-nine (39 three-star hotels, twenty-four (24 four-star hotels, and forty-nine (49 five star hotels, using a questionnaire, where the alternative answer used the seven (7 options, and the data were analyzed using descriptive statistics, and structural equation modelling (SEM. This study successfully established a significant model that describes the relationship between environmental issues, environmental management processes, and the benefits of environmental management processes in star rated hotels in Bali. Also the results of this research demonstrate that: 1. There is a significant relationship between environmental issues to the process of environmental management at star rated hotels in Bali, and 2. There is a significant relationship between the process of environmental management to the the benefits of environmental management processes of the star rated hotels in Bali. Furthermore, the issues of environment is consists of: a. The issue of pressure from tour operator, b. The issue of customer and tourists pressure, and c. The issue of climate change. Then the environmental management process of hotel consists of: a. The wastewater management process, b. The solid waste management processes, and c. The chemical management processes, and finally the benefits of environmental management processes in star hotels are consists of: a

  6. What can U.S. dermatology learn from health care systems abroad? An observation of Taiwan's system of clinical efficiency as a possible model for increased patient access to care and affordability.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kamangar, Faranak; Millsop, Jillian W; Tsai, Dino; Koo, John Y M

    2015-05-18

    Difficulty in patient access to care and affordability are major problems faced by our dermatology specialty in the United States. However, Taiwan provides adequate and affordable dermatologic care for all of its citizens. Herein we describe our first-hand observations and findings of the outpatient dermatology experience in Taipei, and contrast it to the experience in the United States. In Taipei, Taiwan, we observed patient management, electronic documentation, and billing during outpatient dermatology visits in five settings: one academic hospital outpatient dermatology department, one academic hospital Information Technology department, and three private dermatologists' offices. Through our observations, we found that the dermatology specialty in Taiwan is able to overcome challenges with access to care and affordability through three key system features: (1) short yet frequent patient visits (2) close proximity of ancillary staff, and (3) an integrated and paperless electronic medical record and billing system. The Taiwan system is attained with some sacrifice, such as shorter time spent with patients and less personalized care. However, because this system can meet the basic dermatological needs of the entire population, possibly better than our current system, it behooves us to study the Taiwan system with respect and care.

  7. Sulfur-rich geothermal emissions elevate acid aerosol levels in metropolitan Taipei.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lin, Chih-Hung; Mao, I-Fang; Tsai, Pei-Hsien; Chuang, Hsin-Yi; Chen, Yi-Ju; Chen, Mei-Lien

    2010-08-01

    Several studies have demonstrated that millions of people globally are potentially exposed to volcanic gases. Hydrogen sulfide is a typical gas in volcanic and geothermal areas. The gas is toxic at high concentrations that predominantly affects the nervous, cardiovascular, and respiratory systems. The WHO air quality guideline for hydrogen sulfide is 150 microg m(-3) (105 ppb). The northwest part of Taipei is surrounded by sulfur-rich geothermal and hot springs. Active fumaroles and bubbling springs around the geothermal area emit acidic gases. In combination with automobile emissions, the pollution of acid aerosols is characteristic of the metropolis. This study considered sulfur-rich geothermal, suburban and downtown locations of this metropolis to evaluate geothermally emitted acid aerosol and H(2)S pollution. Acid aerosols were collected using a honeycomb denuder filter pack sampling system (HDS), and then analyzed by ion chromatography (IC). Results indicated that long-term geothermal emissions, automobile emissions and photochemical reactions have led to significant variations in air pollution among regions of metropolitan Taipei. The highest H(2)S concentration was 1705 ppb in the geothermal area with low traffic density and the mean concentration was 404.06 ppb, which was higher than WHO guideline and might cause eye irritation. The SO(2) concentrations were relatively low (mean concentration was 3.9 ppb) in this area. It may partially result from the chemical reduction reaction in the geothermal emission, which converted the SO(2) gas into SO(4)(2-) and H(2)S. Consequently, very high sulfate concentrations (mean concentration higher than 25.0 microg m(-3)) were also observed in the area. The geothermal areas also emitted relatively high levels of aerosol acidity, Cl(-), F(-), PO(4)(3-), and N-containing aerosols. As a result, concentrations of HNO(3), NO(2)(-), PO(4)(3-), and SO(4)(2-) in metropolitan Taipei are significantly higher than those in other

  8. CULTURE AND CREATIVITY IN THE HOTEL INDUSTRY

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Maria-Cristina IORGULESCU

    2015-11-01

    Full Text Available Academics’ have always had an interest in creativity, although the literature on this subject began to develop once the rate of progress in science, technology and other fields started to increase. Currently, it is generally considered that the countries with a less creative population will fail to be competitive at an international level. This principle can easily be applied in the business environment, where creativity is needed in order to innovate and to gain competitive advantage. The paper focuses on creativity in a specific economic sector: the hotel industry, aiming at highlighting the way this extremely needed ability is influenced by cultural values. As a result, the paper presents the influence of three of Hofstede’s socio-cultural values (individualism, power distance and long term orientation on employees’ creativity in the Romanian hotel industry.

  9. Hotel Hilton en New Orleans - EE. UU.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Hellmuth, George

    1980-03-01

    Full Text Available The New Orleans Hilton, in the banks of the Mississippi, is the first of a number of hotels planned to make this city the major convention centre in the South of the United States. The building is 30 floor high with 1,200 guest rooms. One of the most interesting features of the hotel is the glazed atrium which, in the lower levels of the U-shaped floor plan reaches nine storey’s high. The interior design by Frank Nicholson is outstanding by the combination of styles creating a unique eclecticism in an attempt to provide each space with an attractive, comforting atmosphere.

    El Hotel Hilton de New Orleans, a orillas del no Mississippi, es el primero de una serie de hoteles previstos, cuya construcción convertirán a esta ciudad en el centro de convenciones más importantes del Sur de los Estados Unidos. El edificio cuenta con treinta plantas de altura, en las que se distribuyen 1.200 habitaciones Una de sus características más interesantes es el atrio acristalado que, en los niveles inferiores de la «U» definida por la construcción, alcanza nueve plantas de altura. Destaca el diseño de los interiores, a cargo del especialista Frank Nicholson, en donde la combinación de estilos da lugar a un eclecticismo singular, que procura dotar a los ambientes de una atmósfera atractiva y acogedora.

  10. Hotel System with Java & MySQL

    OpenAIRE

    Pukkila, Veikko

    2010-01-01

    This thesis is a system work for a hotel, which required a reservation system for their customers. The thesis project was split into parts and the scope was determined to specify which services were needed. The first part deals with the definition and requirements of the system, which contains information about the services and data of the system. Diagrams are included to make the documentation clearer. Services belong to two main groups, reservation services and administration services. ...

  11. Innovation activity in the hotel industry

    OpenAIRE

    Martínez Ros, Ester; Orfila Sintes, Francina

    2009-01-01

    This paper provides evidence for different innovation activities in the hotel industry. In particular, we explore the influence of a variety of firm and market characteristics on radical and incremental innovations. We consider the learning of new attributes (radical) and the addition of characteristics to existing attributes (incremental) to represent two different paces or degrees of managing the innovation process in this specific industry. The database used in the empirical study shares t...

  12. Total quality management in hotel industry

    OpenAIRE

    Mitreva, Elizabeta; Saneva, Dusica; Miteva, Natasa

    2017-01-01

    Total quality management (TQM) is a systematic management approach aiming at continuous increase of the value offered to consumers through improvement of service quality. In hotel industry, success is achieved through service quality, which stands as a key factor for sustainability in the twenty-first century. Nowadays, quality is the basic factor for survival on the market, better competition, and greater profitability. TQM is a process that starts and ends with the consumer. The aim of this...

  13. Evaluation of lumbar overload in hotel maids.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Silva, J S; Correa, L R C; Morrone, L C

    2012-01-01

    Work-related musculoskeletal disorders are responsible for important amount of declining productivity among workers. Its economic impact is considered important because, in some aspects, such as sickness absence, it can cause increase in costs for employers. This paper aimed at identifying whether the activities that the hotel maids perform during working hours may lead to the development of musculoskeletal disorders. Cross-sectional study conducted in a hotel in the city of São Paulo, Brazil. Performed an ergonomic analysis of the job application with a checklist consisting of risk assessment of low back pain. The maids are responsible for the cleaning of hotel rooms, including to lean in order to clean the bathroom. The activity is associated with ergonomic risk for poor posture, manual transport of loads and use of physical force in the upper limbs. This job presents a moderate risk of low back pain according to checklist for assessing the ergonomic situation. Negative ergonomic aspects are associated with the development or aggravation of musculoskeletal disorders in these workers. We suggest modification in work organisation. Another possibility is decreased the weight of the carts, keeping areas of replacement material on each floor.

  14. Stakeholders and Apart Hotels: Multiple Case Study

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Elizabeth Kyoko Wada

    2012-09-01

    Full Text Available Means of accommodation involve a wide range of social actors and agents, as well as different business models. Management strategies in this sector have been increasingly important for long-term sustainability and competitiveness of business organizations. This study aims to analyze the interactions between apart-hotels and their stakeholders to foster an improvement of services provided, aligning the interface of strategic management from the point of view of managers and their key stakeholders. It is an exploratory study, with qualitative chacter, along with multiple case studies of the following establishments: Travel Inn, Hotels Slaviero and Etoile george v. Brazilian enterprises, which manage lodging facilities with apart-hotel concepts, combining features that enable comparative analysis of the study. For conceptual understanding, this study was based on literature about stakeholders, taking the work of Freeman (1984 and Freeman et al (2010 as main references. The research was conducted through semi-structured interviews with managers of lodging facilities and their key stakeholders and through direct observation and documentation. We found that not all groups of influence are considered in the planning of service flats. However, the organizations surveyed indicated that the market has realized the importance of the groups that exert influence and are influenced by their goals, and are therefore increasingly alert for integration of such groups in their strategic planning.

  15. Legal liability and claims for the hotel industry

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Dimcho Todorov

    2017-10-01

    Full Text Available The paper presents a review of various aspects of legal liability and claims to hotel management arising in the hotel industry in the context of the legal framework and possible legal consequences for hotels and other types of commercial accommodation establishments. The main reasons for accidents' occurrence in the hotel industry are chronologically traced. Possible claims to the hotel management are also presented in detail. The problem with workplace discrimination, which is considered as unrightfully actions from administration towards hospitably industry personnel and the connected consequences, is discussed. A definition is given of the various forms of discrimination and the obligations of management to provide a healthy work environment without problems for the personnel are stated, as well. Regulative measures and documents are also presented, regarding measures following possible labour law violations. Conclusions and recommendations are formulated and ways to prevent and overcome problems and accidents in various accommodation establishments and the hotel industry as a whole are shown

  16. EXPATRIATE HOTEL MANAGERS' PERSPECTIVE ON CROSS-CULTURAL SKILLS

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Maria-Cristina IORGULESCU

    2014-04-01

    Full Text Available The globalization and expansion of multinationals has led to various studies on expatriation management, but literature regarding this issue in the hotel industry is still scarce, especially in Romania. Expatriates are critical to the success of this particular industry, as more and more hotel chains operate beyond their domestic domains and intend to enter inclusively in the Romanian market. The study presented in this article uses a qualitative research method intended to discover the perspective of practitioners on the most important management skills hotel expatriate managers should possess, the most effective cross-cultural training activities provided by parent hotel companies and other challenges faced in international assignments. The data collection method was an in-depth interview with expat hotel managers in Bucharest. The study suggests opportunities for international hotel chains to better prepare their expatriates, in order to integrate them more effectively in a new cultural environment.

  17. The Pricing Effects of Heritage at an Iconic Hotel

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Bradford T. Hudson

    2015-05-01

    Full Text Available Historic hotels are a recognized product type in the lodging industry and may be found in significant numbers throughout the globe. The purpose of this article is to validate the notion that heritage can be an important element of the consumer value proposition for older hotels, by demonstrating that an iconic hotel with a distinct historical identity is able to attain a price premium over newer hotels with comparable operating characteristics. This exploratory study is based on qualitative field research conducted by the author, and quantitative analysis of pricing data that was collected by a regional hotel industry association over a five year period. The author concludes that heritage does indeed have a positive effect on the ability to attain a price premium at historic hotels, especially for leisure travelers.

  18. Financial Accountant Versus Managerial Accountant in the Hotel Business System

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ivana Zubac

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available From the perspective of financial or managerial accountant, subject of interest in this paper is the relationship of financial and managerial accounting in the hotel business. Being necessary functions within the business system of hotel company, their mutual connection as well as their differences are explained. The management of hotel company makes decisions based on accounting information from both parts of accounting. As support to hotel management in decision-making, financial accountant provides financial information about past events, while managerial accountant provides non-financial information oriented toward future. The example above is just one out of many specific tasks, which are performed by accountants of specific part of hotel accounting system. Without their support, the management could not make correct and timely decisions with certainty. The importance of the roles of financial and managerial accountant is reflected through need for a wide knowledge in the field of accounting in specific business conditions of hotel industry.

  19. How do customers evaluate hotel service quality? An empirical study in Tehran hotels

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Seyedvahid Najafi

    2013-12-01

    Full Text Available The purpose of this study is to investigate the dimensions of hotel service quality, to assess relative importance of them and to evaluate service quality of Tehran hotels in terms of guests’ perspectives. The paper examines the reliability and validity of the designed scale based on SERVQUAL model. A cross-sectional research based on SERVQUAL model conducted on nine hotels in Tehran (n=1080. Several statistical analyses such as EFA, CFA, Linear regression and t-test were applied to analyze the data. Five service quality dimensions were identified and named as “tangibles”, “problem solving”, “service supply”, “empathy” and “security”. Even though our findings confirmed five dimensional SERVQUAL constructs, some dimensions have been identified differing from SERVQUAL scale dimensions. Finding showed that the best overall service quality predictor is “tangibles” followed by “service supply”, “problem solving”, “assurance” and “empathy”.

  20. Paleotsunamis in Taiwan

    Science.gov (United States)

    Yen, J. Y.; Yu, N. T.; Chyi, S. J.; Lin, L. H.; Hirakawa, K.; Sugawara, D.

    2015-12-01

    Sitting between the Ryukyu and Manila subduction systems, Taiwan is among the world's most tectonically and seismically active areas. However, unlike Japan (from Hokkaido to the southernmost tip of Ryukyu), Taiwan is not known for tsunami events. Historical documents and folklores in Taiwan show a couple of records with different degree of certainty of tsunami, yet very few researches were conducted in paleotsunami researches. During the past two years, we have conducted detail field surveys in Taiwan, and in several chosen area we have conducted shallow bore holes, trench excavations, and following geological and geomorphological researches. Our data show that northern Taiwan has been affected by tsunami both on and off historical records, and could be as many as 8 events. In eastern Taiwan, there are three probable tsunami events, and in western Taiwan, three or four inudation events were discovered that have features very similar to tsunamis. In addtion to continuing field survey, we are performing numerical modeling based on the newly discovered geological evidences. The purpose is the reconstruct the processes of events and find the possilbe sources.

  1. A study of workplace satisfaction among hotel employees

    OpenAIRE

    Skeie, Thomas

    2011-01-01

    Master's thesis in International hotel and tourism management This research paper is a descriptive case study of 10 hotel employees collected through in-depth interviews in Stavanger region. The study is focusing on hotel employee’s view of workplace satisfaction and what they think contributes to workplace satisfaction. The study indicates that organizational culture, fair treatment, stress, salary, communication, relationship between co-workers is factors among others which influence emp...

  2. Mengelola Pendapatan Kamar Hotel Yang Optimum (Yield Management)

    OpenAIRE

    Hermawan, Budi

    2010-01-01

    The market is always changing and increasing competition. In this condition, the hotel needs to improve responsiveness to the environment to service. Hotels should be able to establish a policy with the best results. Yield management offers a concept for each hotel is able to put himself in the best position in the changing environment. Revenues need to be managed well for a more popular method is called yield management or revenue management Currently, yield management, has become a very imp...

  3. Chinese hotel general managers' perspectives on energy-saving practices

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zhu, Yidan

    As hotels' concern about sustainability and budget-control is growing steadily, energy-saving issues have become one of the important management concerns hospitality industry face. By executing proper energy-saving practices, previous scholars believed that hotel operation costs can decrease dramatically. Moreover, they believed that conducting energy-saving practices may eventually help the hotel to gain other benefits such as an improved reputation and stronger competitive advantage. The energy-saving issue also has become a critical management problem for the hotel industry in China. Previous research has not investigated energy-saving in China's hotel segment. To achieve a better understanding of the importance of energy-saving, this document attempts to present some insights into China's energy-saving practices in the tourist accommodations sector. Results of the study show the Chinese general managers' attitudes toward energy-saving issues and the differences among the diverse hotel managers who responded to the study. Study results indicate that in China, most of the hotels' energy bills decrease due to the implementation of energy-saving equipments. General managers of hotels in operation for a shorter period of time are typically responsible for making decisions about energy-saving issues; older hotels are used to choosing corporate level concerning to this issue. Larger Chinese hotels generally have official energy-saving usage training sessions for employees, but smaller Chinese hotels sometimes overlook the importance of employee training. The study also found that for the Chinese hospitality industry, energy-saving practices related to electricity are the most efficient and common way to save energy, but older hotels also should pay attention to other ways of saving energy such as water conservation or heating/cooling system.

  4. Kajian Eko Interior pada Hotel Budget di Balikpapan

    OpenAIRE

    Gani, Chelline Monica

    2016-01-01

    Ecological approach in the planning and building design requirements that should be met by the perpetrators of physical development. Hotel is one example of a physical building. Now, the hotel concept "budget" became a new phenomenon for the city of Aberdeen. According to the government regulation number PM.53 / HM.001 / mpek / 2013 article 2, the standard business hotel aims to provide protection, either for safety, health, comfort, safety and convenience and environmental preservation. This...

  5. PLANNING AND DEVELOPMENT OF INVESTMENT PROJECTS IN CROATIA'S HOTEL INDUSTRY

    OpenAIRE

    Čizmar, Sanja; Bartoluci, Mato; Vusić, Marko

    2010-01-01

    The authors point out the aspects of tourism and hotel industry development connected with the sustainability of development as well as with social, economic and other development impacts. The paper outlines numerous tourism development impacts on the community and the fact that hotel industry is an industry based on a high level of venture capital. Therefore, the authors examine the components of management model of investment and development process in hotel industry. The authors identify t...

  6. Critical Success Factors for Limited Service Hotels in Malaysia

    OpenAIRE

    Wong, Chee Keng

    2015-01-01

    Critical success factors were used originally in Information technology areas when it was first introduced but has since been applied generically in other industries. This study explores the critical success factors for limited service hotels in Malaysia from both customer and hotel operator/ business owners’ perspective. The literature presents information from tourism in general and in Malaysia, definition of limited service hotels and its relevance to the hospitality industry in Malaysia, ...

  7. Employees’ Organizational Commitment Challenges - a Hotel Industry Perspective

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Carmen Arustei

    2014-02-01

    Full Text Available Hotel industry is confronted with some challenges induced by changing customers’ requirements and by a competitive environment. In this context, front-line employees are a very important determinant of organizational performance. Researchers suggested that organizational performance can be achieved through employee organizational commitment (OC development. This is the reason why this paper aims to explore employees’ level of OC components from hotel chains, considering a variety of independent variables. Furthermore, recommendations for hotel managers who want to improve employees’ OC are offered. A quantitative study was conducted on 152 employees from 12 hotels belonging to four international and national hotel chains. We first verified if the same OC components from scholarly literature can be identified in Romanian context. Then, an analysis on differences registered for these OC components was conducted, considering variables like age, gender, educational level, work experience, hotel chain name, hotel location, etc. Considering results, we identified all the three OC components presented in the literature (affective, normative and continuance commitment and also found that affective commitment reaches the highest level of manifestation for the hotel chain employees from our study. Statistically significant differences between the level of OC manifestations are registered for normative commitment considering the “hotel chain”, respondents’ “educational level”, and “hotel chain belonging” variables and also for affective and normative commitment considering the “hotel location” variable. Even though we found support for these differences only for some of the independent variable, we could still draw some guidelines for hotel managers.

  8. The many perspectives on the concept of boutique hotels

    OpenAIRE

    Ricardo Barbosa Angeli; Ricardo de Gil Torres; Ricardo Frota de Albuquerque Maranhão

    2012-01-01

    The hospitality industry needs from time to time to renovate its installations. There is no better moment for a marketing repositioning. This paper presents an exploratory study on how the boutique hotel concept is understood by researchers from different countries. Due to independent hotels agility in implementing innovations, it was considered the possibility of part of this segment adopting the boutique model to improve competitiveness against hotel chains. It was found that there is no si...

  9. Corporate Social Responsibility: A Case Study of Scandic Hotels

    OpenAIRE

    Heesbeen, Lars

    2014-01-01

    The aim of the thesis is to discover whether Scandic Hotels is perceived as a leader in Corporate Social Responsibility within the hospitality industry. First a definition of CSR is created and the boundaries of research are given. Next the thesis looks into competitive advantages; how are they created and what has Scandic Hotels done to create a competitive advantage regarding CSR? Next an analysis of Scandic Hotels brand is made, and what they have done in the past twenty years regarding CS...

  10. Occupational exposures and health outcomes among Latina hotel cleaners.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hsieh, Yu-Chin Jerrie; Apostolopoulos, Yorghos; Hatzudis, Kiki; Sönmez, Sevil

    2014-01-01

    The poor working conditions of Latina hotel cleaners render them particularly vulnerable to elevated occupational hazards that lead to adverse health outcomes. This article presents a comprehensive review of occupational risks (including physical, chemical, biological, and psychosocial risk factors) and health outcomes (including musculoskeletal disorders, respiratory diseases, dermatological diseases and allergies, and psychological disorders) for Latina hotel cleaners, within their unique sociocultural contexts. Preventive interventions for improving Latina hotel cleaners' work and health conditions are recommended.

  11. Assessing the Efficacy of Restricting Access to Barbecue Charcoal for Suicide Prevention in Taiwan: A Community-Based Intervention Trial.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Chen, Ying-Yeh; Chen, Feng; Chang, Shu-Sen; Wong, Jacky; Yip, Paul S F

    2015-01-01

    Charcoal-burning suicide has recently been spreading to many Asian countries. There have also been several cases involving this new method of suicide in Western countries. Restricting access to suicide means is one of the few suicide-prevention measures that have been supported by empirical evidence. The current study aims to assess the effectiveness of a community intervention program that restricts access to charcoal to prevent suicide in Taiwan. A quasi-experimental design is used to compare method-specific (charcoal-burning suicide, non-charcoal-burning suicide) and overall suicide rates in New Taipei City (the intervention site, with a population of 3.9 million) with two other cities (Taipei City and Kaohsiung City, the control sites, each with 2.7 million residents) before (Jan 1st 2009- April 30th 2012) and after (May 1st 2012-Dec. 31st 2013) the initiation of a charcoal-restriction program on May 1st 2012. The program mandates the removal of barbecue charcoal from open shelves to locked storage in major retail stores in New Taipei City. No such restriction measure was implemented in the two control sites. Generalized linear regression models incorporating secular trends were used to compare the changes in method-specific and overall suicide rates before and after the initiation of the restriction measure. A simulation approach was used to estimate the number of lives saved by the intervention. Compared with the pre-intervention period, the estimated rate reduction of charcoal-burning suicide in New Taipei City was 37% (95% CI: 17%, 50%) after the intervention. Taking secular trends into account, the reduction was 30% (95% CI: 14%, 44%). No compensatory rise in non-charcoal-burning suicide was observed in New Taipei City. No significant reduction in charcoal-burning suicide was observed in the other two control sites. The simulation approach estimated that 91 (95%CI [55, 128]) lives in New Taipei City were saved during the 20 months of the intervention. Our

  12. Assessing the Efficacy of Restricting Access to Barbecue Charcoal for Suicide Prevention in Taiwan: A Community-Based Intervention Trial.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ying-Yeh Chen

    Full Text Available Charcoal-burning suicide has recently been spreading to many Asian countries. There have also been several cases involving this new method of suicide in Western countries. Restricting access to suicide means is one of the few suicide-prevention measures that have been supported by empirical evidence. The current study aims to assess the effectiveness of a community intervention program that restricts access to charcoal to prevent suicide in Taiwan.A quasi-experimental design is used to compare method-specific (charcoal-burning suicide, non-charcoal-burning suicide and overall suicide rates in New Taipei City (the intervention site, with a population of 3.9 million with two other cities (Taipei City and Kaohsiung City, the control sites, each with 2.7 million residents before (Jan 1st 2009- April 30th 2012 and after (May 1st 2012-Dec. 31st 2013 the initiation of a charcoal-restriction program on May 1st 2012. The program mandates the removal of barbecue charcoal from open shelves to locked storage in major retail stores in New Taipei City. No such restriction measure was implemented in the two control sites. Generalized linear regression models incorporating secular trends were used to compare the changes in method-specific and overall suicide rates before and after the initiation of the restriction measure. A simulation approach was used to estimate the number of lives saved by the intervention. Compared with the pre-intervention period, the estimated rate reduction of charcoal-burning suicide in New Taipei City was 37% (95% CI: 17%, 50% after the intervention. Taking secular trends into account, the reduction was 30% (95% CI: 14%, 44%. No compensatory rise in non-charcoal-burning suicide was observed in New Taipei City. No significant reduction in charcoal-burning suicide was observed in the other two control sites. The simulation approach estimated that 91 (95%CI [55, 128] lives in New Taipei City were saved during the 20 months of the

  13. ANTESEN CUSTOMER LOYALTY PADA BUDGET HOTEL

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Latifa Rahma

    2016-08-01

    Full Text Available This research discusses the effects of Service Quality on Customer Satisfaction, Customer Loyalty, and Brand Image Budget hotel (Five Budget Hotel Managed by local chain hotel. The purpose of this study were 1 to analyze the effects of Service Quality on Customer Satisfaction, 2 to analyze the effects of Service Quality on Customer Loyalty, 3 to analyze the effect of Customer Satisfaction to Customer Loyalty, 4 to analyze the effects of Service Quality on the Brand Image, 5  to analyze the influence of the Customer Satisfaction Brand Image, 6 to analyze the effect of Customer Loyalty to Brand Image. The design of this research using primary data obtained by distributing questionnaires to 250 respondents eligible stayed at the Budget Hotel at least 1 time in last 12 months. Respondents were selected using purposive sampling method and the data were analyzed using AMOS version 22.0 and SPSS version 22.0. The proposed model was tested using Structural Equation Modeling (SEM and analyzed using AMOS. This study shows that 1 Service Quality found to have an influence on Customer Satisfaction, 2 Service Quality found to have an influence on Customer Loyalty, 3 Customer Satisfaction is found to have an influence on Customer Loyalty, 4 Service Quality found to have an influence on brand image, 5 Customer Satisfaction is found to have an influence on Brand Image, 6 Customer Loyalty found to have an influence on the Brand Image. The results of this study concluded that there is a positive influence of the Service Quality on Brand Image through the Customer Satisfaction and Customer Loyalty. Future researches are recommended to increase the factor of First Impression, Favorable Location, Hotel Core

  14. GENERATIONAL DIFFERENCES IN WORK VALUES IN THE HOTEL INDUSTRY

    National Research Council Canada - National Science Library

    Maria-Cristina IORGULESCU

    2015-01-01

    .... This situation creates new challenges in managing human resources in the hotel industry, where an excellent communication between all functional and operational departments is mandatory in order...

  15. International Modal choice determinants in the Spanish Hotel Sector

    OpenAIRE

    Ana Ramón Rodríguez

    2001-01-01

    Hotel industry is a management intensive industry as well as a distinct real estate asset class. During the 80ís, a reduced number of hotel groups led the internationalization of the Spanish tourism industry. In the decade of the 90ís, the process of internationalization wraps to a growing and dynamic volume of hotel chains, acquiring an exponential growth. Spanish hotel firms have nearly one hundred thousand rooms outside their home nations in three hundred and forty six thousand properties ...

  16. Sistem Pendukung Keputusan Untuk Pengadaan Fasilitas Hotel Menggunakan Metode TOPSIS

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Susi Hendartie

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available The development of hotel business to make consumers more critical to choose a hotel products and services. If the hotel facilities more complete, so interest of the consumer is higher to choose the hotel. This  research study intend to build a decision support system for the procurement of hotel facilities with TOPSIS method. This method uses the six alternative form of the data; hotel rooms (guest  room, karaoke, gift shop, a gym, spa and travel corner (travel tour information and data of some criteria. This method was chosen because it is based on the best alternative concept, was not only has the shortest distance from the positive ideal solution, but also has  the longest distance  from  the  negative  ideal  solution.  TOPSIS  calculations  systems  have  been  done  the  comparison  of  final  value  using  excell calculation. Calculations that used in this research study is simple and produces alternative hotel rooms (guest room with t he highest ranking as the ideal solution. TOPSIS method facilitates decision-makers in choosing the best alternative for the procurement of hotel facilities.Keywords : Decision support system; Hotel facilities; TOPSIS

  17. Infraestructura común de telecomunicaciones aplicada a un hotel

    OpenAIRE

    Elizari Saco, Sergio

    2007-01-01

    Este proyecto consta sobre la realización de infraestructuras en un hotel, la normativa actual solo contempla edificios de viviendas, comunidades de vecinos, viviendas unifamiliares (urbanizaciones) pero no contempla nada acerca de hoteles, con este proyecto se pretende aplicar en la medida de lo posible estas leyes en el hotel, hay situaciones en las que es imposible aplicarlas y por lo tanto hay que idear la manera de resolverlo. También el intentar realizar instalaciones en el hotel de dóm...

  18. THE ASSESSMENT OF HOTEL SERVICES IN POIANA BRASOV RESORT

    National Research Council Canada - National Science Library

    C A Baltescu; D Boscor

    2014-01-01

    .... The quality of hotel services provided influence the attracted customer segment, the satisfaction degree of consumption, the loyalty degree for the accommodation unit and destination, and also...

  19. Penerapan Aplikasi Web Di Hotel Arinda Guest House Bandung

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ade Mubarok

    2017-09-01

    Abstract Hotel was a thriving industry very fast with the advent of the information technology. One factor that can provide comfort is the existence of the information rapid to a reservation hotel. Several problems that ordinarily encountered hotel management and customers as it tough for rapid information, do check in and the payment of requiring guests come to the hotel, include families in village records the guest log and make a report manually.In writing thesis this, writer build a application of hotel by adopting information technology. The model used to the development of software is the method waterfall, which begins with analysis needs adapted to systems are go at the hotel arinda guest house, design system and software, coding, testing, and implementation.So that this research produce information system a reservation hotel web-based. Of interface ease of use user and showing functionality that can be used to at the check in , the hotel , faster information and save time prospective guest on do reservations , efficient in recording the guest log and reports.   Keywords: Website, Aplication, Hotel Arinda Guest House, checked in, Waterfall.

  20. Urban Air Pollution in Taiwan before and after the Installation of a Mass Rapid Transit System.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ding, Pei-Hsiou; Wang, Gen-Shuh; Chen, Bing-Yu; Wan, Gwo-Hwa

    2016-09-01

    Urbanization causes air pollution in metropolitan areas, coupled with meteorological factors that affect air quality. Although previous studies focused on the relationships of urbanization, air pollution, and climate change in Western countries, this study evaluated long-term variations of air quality and meteorological factors in Taiwanese metropolitan areas (Taipei area, Taichung City, and Kaohsiung City) and a rural area (Hualien County) between 1993 and 2012. The influence of a mass rapid transit (MRT) system on air quality was also evaluated. Air pollutant concentrations and meteorology data were collected from Taiwan Environmental Protection Administration (TEPA) air monitoring stations and Central Weather Bureau stations in the surveyed areas, respectively. Analyses indicate that levels of air pollution in metropolitan areas were greater than in the rural area. Kaohsiung City had the highest levels of O, SO, and particulate matter 2.5 or 10 µm in diameter (PM and PM). Clear downward trends for CO, NO, PM, PM, and especially SO concentrations were found in the surveyed areas, whereas O showed no decrease. Both O and PM concentrations showed similar bimodal seasonal distributions. Taiwan's air quality has improved significantly since 1993, indicating the effectiveness of promoting air pollution strategies and policies by the TEPA. Air pollution had an obvious improvement in Taipei area after the MRT system began operations in 1996. Because global climate may potentially affect urban air pollution in Taiwan, further study to clarify the mechanisms by which air pollution may affect human health and other biological effects is warranted. Copyright © by the American Society of Agronomy, Crop Science Society of America, and Soil Science Society of America, Inc.

  1. Emergency department visits for food allergy in Taiwan: a retrospective study.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Chan, Chan-Fai; Chen, Po-Hon; Huang, Ching-Feng; Wu, Tzee-Chung

    2014-08-01

    Little is known about the characteristics of patients who visit the emergency department (ED) due to food allergy in Taiwan. This study aims to assess the triggers, clinical presentations, and management of patients presenting to a tertiary ED for food allergy. This is a retrospective study of 369 visits presenting to the ED of Taipei Veterans General Hospital, Taipei, Taiwan for food allergy over a 2 year period. Patients' demographics, food allergens, presenting features, and management were addressed and analyzed. Adult and pediatric cases were also compared. The patients had an average age of 32.9 years [standard deviation (SD) ± 20.6]; the cohort was 66.9% adult and 53.7% male. Seafood (67.5%), fish (6.2%), and fruits (4.3%) were the major foods eliciting acute allergic reactions. Overall itchy mucocutaneous lesion was the most common presentation (85.6%), followed by anaphylaxis (12.2%), respiratory distress (1.4%), and anaphylactic shock (0.8%). Mucocutaneous involvement was more common in the pediatric population (92.6% vs. 82.2%, p = 0.007), whereas anaphylaxis was more prevalent in adults (15.4% vs. 5.7%, p = 0.0068). Antihistamines (98.6%) and systemic corticosteroids (63.1%) were commonly used medications. Only 2.2% of patients with anaphylaxis received epinephrine. The average duration in the ED was 1.6 hours (SD ± 1.8). No death was documented in the current study. Seafood, fish, and fruits are common foods which cause acute allergic reactions in Taiwan. Although most food allergies are mild, anaphylactic shock still presents in about 1% of patients. Only a minority of patients with anaphylaxis receive epinephrine. As anaphylaxis may be life-threatening, prompt education and use of an epinephrine auto-injector deserves further concern. Copyright © 2014. Published by Elsevier B.V.

  2. Analisis Pengaruh Kecerdasan Intelektual, Kecerdasan Emosional, dan Kecerdasan Spiritual terhadap Kinerja Manajerial pada Hotel-hotel Berbintang 3 di Pekanbaru

    OpenAIRE

    Darlis, Edfan; Tanjung, Amries Rusli; Tarigan, Elpista

    2015-01-01

    The number of hotels in Pekanbaru from year to year is always increasing. This shows the increasing competition among entrepreneur of hospitality services. Have a competent leader / manager would be one of the important things that must be considered. This study aims to: examine, test and analyze the effect of intellectual quotient, emotional quotient and spiritual quotient on managerial performance. This study is conducted in 3-star hotels in Pekanbaru. The research sample is 31 people hotel...

  3. Educational Technology in Taiwan.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Tu, Chih-Hsiung; Twu, Hui-Ling

    2002-01-01

    Examines educational technology applications in Taiwan. Highlights include historical background; learning technology integration; computer availability; teacher training; student and teacher attitudes; computer-mediated communication and collaboration; curriculum planning; distance education; and an educational technology model that includes…

  4. Potential impacts of electric vehicles on air quality in Taiwan.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Li, Nan; Chen, Jen-Ping; Tsai, I-Chun; He, Qingyang; Chi, Szu-Yu; Lin, Yi-Chiu; Fu, Tzung-May

    2016-10-01

    The prospective impacts of electric vehicle (EV) penetration on the air quality in Taiwan were evaluated using an air quality model with the assumption of an ambitious replacement of current light-duty vehicles under different power generation scenarios. With full EV penetration (i.e., the replacement of all light-duty vehicles), CO, VOCs, NOx and PM2.5 emissions in Taiwan from a fleet of 20.6 million vehicles would be reduced by 1500, 165, 33.9 and 7.2Ggyr(-1), respectively, while electric sector NOx and SO2 emissions would be increased by up to 20.3 and 12.9Ggyr(-1), respectively, if the electricity to power EVs were provided by thermal power plants. The net impacts of these emission changes would be to reduce the annual mean surface concentrations of CO, VOCs, NOx and PM2.5 by about 260, 11.3, 3.3ppb and 2.1μgm(-3), respectively, but to increase SO2 by 0.1ppb. Larger reductions tend to occur at time and place of higher ambient concentrations and during high pollution events. Greater benefits would clearly be attained if clean energy sources were fully encouraged. EV penetration would also reduce the mean peak-time surface O3 concentrations by up to 7ppb across Taiwan with the exception of the center of metropolitan Taipei where the concentration increased by <2ppb. Furthermore, full EV penetration would reduce annual days of O3 pollution episodes by ~40% and PM2.5 pollution episodes by 6-10%. Our findings offer important insights into the air quality impacts of EV and can provide useful information for potential mitigation actions. Copyright © 2016 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.

  5. Faktor Bauran Pemasaran Yang Berkontribusi Bagi Konsumen Dalam Memilih Budget Hotel Di Indonesia

    OpenAIRE

    Sugiyanto, Valensia; Kurniawan, Antonius; Aprilia, Adriana; Jokom, Regina

    2014-01-01

    Budget hotel menjadi tren dalam dunia perhotelan Indonesia, banyak pengusaha hotel membangun hotel dengan konsep ekonomis, namun seringkali pengusaha budget hotel tersebut mengabaikan apa yang menjadi kebutuhan konsumen sesungguhnya, karena itu peneliti ingin mengetahui faktor apa saja yang berkontribusi bagi konsumen dalam memilih budget hotel di Indonesia. Penelitian ini menemukan empat faktor yang berkontribusi bagi konsumen dalam memilih budget hotel di Indonesia yaitu first impression, h...

  6. Market segmentation and the changing budget hotel industry in urban South Africa

    OpenAIRE

    Market segmentation and the changing budget hotel industry in urban South Africa

    2013-01-01

    Market segmentation is a critical driver of change in the hotel industry, resulting in the appearance of differentiated forms of hotel property developments, including budget hotels. International research on budget hotels is mainly limited to North America and Europe, with some more recent studies on emerging economies. This article examines the role of budget hotels within the wider restructuring of the South African hotel industry following the country’s re-entry into the global tourism ec...

  7. On protection of employee rights and interests in management of tourist hotel in China

    OpenAIRE

    Ren Yun

    2016-01-01

    With the rapid development of the tourist hotel, the hotel has many problems in the protection of employee rights and interests. To enhance the importance that hotel managers attach to the protection of em-ployee’s rights and interests, and strengthen the hotel employees’ consciousness in rights protection, this paper regards the China’s tourist hotel employees as research objects, discusses the problems and causes in the process of protecting the tourist hotel employee rights and interests, ...

  8. Urban air pollution and meteorological factors affect emergency department visits of elderly patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease in Taiwan.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ding, Pei-Hsiou; Wang, Gen-Shuh; Guo, Yue-Leon; Chang, Shuenn-Chin; Wan, Gwo-Hwa

    2017-05-01

    Both air pollution and meteorological factors in metropolitan areas increased emergency department (ED) visits from people with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD). Few studies investigated the associations between air pollution, meteorological factors, and COPD-related health disorders in Asian countries. This study aimed to investigate the relationship between the environmental factors and COPD-associated ED visits of susceptible elderly population in the largest Taiwanese metropolitan area (Taipei area, including Taipei city and New Taipei city) between 2000 and 2013. Data of air pollutant concentrations (PM10, PM2.5, O3, SO2, NO2 and CO), meteorological factors (daily temperature, relative humidity and air pressure), and daily COPD-associated ED visits were collected from Taiwan Environmental Protection Administration air monitoring stations, Central Weather Bureau stations, and the Taiwan National Health Insurance database in Taipei area. We used a case-crossover study design and conditional logistic regression models with odds ratios (ORs), and 95% confidence intervals (CIs) for evaluating the associations between the environmental factors and COPD-associated ED visits. Analyses showed that PM2.5, O3, and SO2 had significantly greater lag effects (the lag was 4 days for PM2.5, and 5 days for O3 and SO2) on COPD-associated ED visits of the elderly population (65-79 years old). In warmer days, a significantly greater effect on elderly COPD-associated ED visits was estimated for PM2.5 with coexistence of O3. Additionally, either O3 or SO2 combined with other air pollutants increased the risk of elderly COPD-associated ED visits in the days of high relative humidity and air pressure difference, respectively. This study showed that joint effect of urban air pollution and meteorological factors contributed to the COPD-associated ED visits of the susceptible elderly population in the largest metropolitan area in Taiwan. Government authorities should review

  9. Importance of staff training in hotel industry Case Study: Hotel Dukagjini

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    MSc. Albana Gazija

    2011-12-01

    Full Text Available In every business, independently of the activity, human resources are the most precious capital. In terms of global competition and rapid change, personnel training are essential. Every manager should be able to attract qualified and capable personnel, in order to use their skills in achieving organizational objectives. In a market economy where uncertainty is rather widespread, obtaining knowledge and information is becoming a source for creating competing advantages. One of the most important aspects in contemporary hotel industry is getting to know the new methods and techniques through training. Staff training is an important part in Human Resource Management, in order to improve employee performance, respectively it helps putting their skills to better use and specialization in their work. Application of an efficient training process has an important impact in increasing employee performance.      The aim of this study is to understand the importance of personnel training in hotel industry. The study includes the theoretical part for staff training, importance and benefits. The empirical part is composed by a qualitative method research of Hotel Dukagjini in Peja. The paper’s results have shown that management has a relatively good understan-ding of the importance of personnel training; the hotel may be in a favorable situation if the employees keep taking continuous training.

  10. Analisis dan Perbaikan Layanan Hotel Menggunakan Servqual dan Diagram Kartesius (Studi Kasus di Hotel Kombokarno

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Rindang Rayo Ranas

    2016-06-01

    The purposes of this research is to analyze and suggest a service quality improvement in Kombokarno Hotel. This research used ServQual dimension variables that consist of tangible, reliability, responsiveness, assurance, and empathy as a dimensions of service quality. It used 144 guests of Kombokarno Hotel as a sample for the research. The result of the collected data then be tested based on it’s validation and reliability by using SPSS 16.0 software. The result of data processing shows the validity of each question variable in the questionnaire. Then the data be analyzed using ServQual method to see the Gap between hope and reality. Furthermore it is processed by Kartesius diagram to see what performance that need to be improved. The result of the researched shows that the cleanness of the hotel always in good term, the electronic utilities (lamp, AC, TV, etc, are functioned well, and the hotel’s building ‘good look’ became the most priority to improve the performance of service quality in the hotel.

  11. Emergency Department Utilization and Determinants of Use by 0- to 6-Year-Old Children with Disabilities in Taipei

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hsu, Shang-Wei; Lin, Ya-Wen; Chwo, Miao-Ju; Huang, Hui-Chi; Yen, Chia-Feng; Lin, Lan-Ping; Wu, Jia-Ling; Lin, Jin-Ding

    2009-01-01

    Although many studies have explored emergency services for children, there are few published reports of the utilization of emergency services by children with disabilities. The present study attempts to provide data regarding the utilization of, and factors affecting, emergency department visits by disabled children in Taipei. A general census of…

  12. Prevalence and risk factors for myopia in second-grade primary school children in Taipei: A population-based study

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Chih-Chien Hsu

    2016-11-01

    Conclusion: Our findings indicate that lifestyle and reading habits impact the development of myopia during early childhood. Behavior modification, such as more time spent outside during the day and limited near-work activity, may be a feasible strategy for curbing the increasingly high prevalence of myopia in Taipei.

  13. The Suppression Role of Positive Affect on Students' Science Achievement in East Asia: The Example of Taipei

    Science.gov (United States)

    Long, Haiying

    2016-01-01

    This study focuses on "high achievement but low motivation" phenomenon that is prevalent in East Asian countries and districts, and uses eighth graders in Taipei that participated in TIMSS 2007 as an example to examine the direct and indirect effects of academic motivation, positive affect, and instruction on science achievement.…

  14. Breakfast in a hotel dining room

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mary Kennan Herbert

    2009-01-01

    Full Text Available My father and I were the only ones there on a winter Saturday.Yet a full staff of penguins was on duty, webbed shoes muffled on thick but aging carpet, their lined faces and beaks a bit mottled.They brought us the morning newspaper, toast, coffee, orange juice, grapefruit (a beauty nestled on ice in a pewter tureen, an old-fashioned presentation,with a hint of decay.The hotel was closed shortly thereafter, for a decade, then remodeled,reopened with new crystal, dinnerware with postmodern chi...

  15. Breakfast in a hotel dining room

    OpenAIRE

    Mary Kennan Herbert

    2009-01-01

    My father and I were the only ones there on a winter Saturday.Yet a full staff of penguins was on duty, webbed shoes muffled on thick but aging carpet, their lined faces and beaks a bit mottled.They brought us the morning newspaper, toast, coffee, orange juice, grapefruit (a beauty) nestled on ice in a pewter tureen, an old-fashioned presentation,with a hint of decay.The hotel was closed shortly thereafter, for a decade, then remodeled,reopened with new crystal, dinnerware with postmodern chi...

  16. MANAJEMEN RISIKO PADA PEMBANGUNAN PENGEMBANGAN HOTEL YANG SEDANG BEROPERASI ( STUDI KASUS PADA PEMBANGUNAN EXTENSION VILLA HOTEL ALILA UBUD

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    I Ketut Yasa Dharmika

    2015-07-01

    Full Text Available Construction of the hotel development is carried out without cessation of the hotel operations have a bigger challenge because of many things such as: accesses to the hotel, material loading area, noise, safety of guests and hotel staff, working time, demonstrations, etc should be well managed in order to minimize the impacts to hotel operation. Risk is the chance of occurrence of adverse events, which is caused by the uncertainty. The research aims to identify, analyze and how the risks can be managed. The method in this research is Descriptive Qualitative Risk Analisis. Respondents determined by Purposive Sampling, from various stakeholders who are competent in this development. The research are identified 47 risks. Eleven risks are unacceptable risk includes  : noise, licensing, planning of MEP works, declining of contractor profit, the rising cost for build a new access roads, land slides, limited parking, hotel access interference,  discomfort of the hotel’s guests and staff, disruption in the project work time and delay of project completion due to interruption by the hotel operations. Nineteen risks are undesirable risk includes: public opinion, decreasing of green open land, insufficient capacity of the existing facilities, difficulties in the hotel's marketing, declining of the hotel room’s selling prices, the declining of satisfaction level of hotel guests, decreasing of hotel’s profits, lack of project scope, nappropriate strategy for supplying material and equipment and lack of competence of the project consultants and contractors, inappropriate standard of job’s handling, lack of quality control, inappropriate  project organizational, improper work methods, limited area for materials loading, decreasing of  cleanliness levels of the hotel, insufficient noise isolation blocks. Ten risks are acceptable risk and seven risks are negligible risk. Major risks are unacceptable and undesirable risk, which are need to be managed

  17. IMPROVING THE DISTRIBUTION OF BULGARIAN SEASIDE HOLIDAY HOTELS

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Stoyan Marinov

    2010-06-01

    Full Text Available This report aims at viewing and analysing the trends and changes in the channels for distribution of tourist products. The specific features of modern hotel management together with the tasks in the process of distribution of hotel products have been presented. Applying.

  18. New Employment Forecasts. Hotel and Catering Industry 1988-1993.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Measurement for Management Decision, Ltd., London (England).

    Econometric forecasting models were used to forecast employment levels in the hotel and catering industry in Great Britain through 1993 under several different forecasting scenarios. The growth in employment in the hotel and catering industry over the next 5 years is likely to be broadly based, both across income levels of domestic consumers,…

  19. Management Trainees in the Hotel Industry: What Do Managers Expect?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Baum, Tom

    1991-01-01

    Comparison of a survey of 118 United Kingdom hotel managers (53 percent response) with a similar study of 75 U.S. managers found key differences reflecting the impact of cultures on management expectations. Significant similarities support development of an internationally transferable core curriculum for hotel management. (SK)

  20. Hotel industry expansion and sustainable development: A case ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    This article examines how international hotel industry expansion affects sustainable development in the context of least developed countries. The study focuses on power asymmetries in the governance processes of hotel value chains. First it develops a model to analyse these processes. Subsequently this model is used to ...

  1. Testing expected and perceived service quality in the hotel industry

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Vujko Aleksandra

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available Guest satisfaction is the key to retaining existing and attracting new guests. In order to reach this goal, managers in hotels have become aware of the fact that the quality stay is reflected in the unique experiences of the tourists in particular. Guest satisfaction with hotel services can be tested by various methods. In this study, we used a questionnaire technique, in which respondents were guests of the hotel 'Vojvodina', 'Novi Sad' and 'Park' in Novi Sad, then the guests of the hotel 'Vojvodina' and 'Gold Class' in Zrenjanin, as well as the guests of the hotel 'Brothers Sekulic' in Zlatibor. The respondents were asked to evaluate various aspects of the business environment, employees' attitude towards guests, taste and variety of food and beverages. Data are presented in tables with brief comments. Based on the analysis of dependent and independent variables, we concluded that the physical features of a hotel, as well as the guest-employee relationship, are primarily related to the personal experience. Guests were the least satisfied with the hotel bar. These pieces of information are crucial for the hotel enterprises and contribute to the advancement of business through the adjustment of the product to the needs of the customer.

  2. HOTEL AND MOTEL HOUSEKEEPING AIDE, A SUGGESTED TRAINING PROGRAM.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Office of Education (DHEW), Washington, DC.

    A LOCAL TRAINING PROGRAM TO PREPARE HOTEL AND MOTEL HOUSEKEEPING AIDES CAN BE DEVELOPED FROM RESOURCE MATERIAL IN THIS GUIDE. PROGRAM OBJECTIVES ARE TO PREPARE TRAINEES TO PERFORM THE JOBS INVOLVED IN KEEPING HOTEL OR MOTEL ROOMS CLEAN, TO FOLLOW CORRECT PROCEDURES IN USING EQUIPMENT AND SUPPLIES REQUIRED IN CARING FOR BEDROOMS AND BATHROOMS, AND…

  3. Brand performance of Chinese domestic vs. international hotels ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Results showed that the effects of branding were most noticeable in midmarket and upscale hotels. Kim and Kim. (2005) connected brand equity with the financial performance of hotels. They defined brand equity as a four-dimensional construct, including brand loyalty, brand awareness, perceived quality, and brand image.

  4. Exploring employee participation and work environment in hotels

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Markey, Raymond; Harris, Candice; Knudsen, Herman

    2014-01-01

    We explore the relative impact of direct and representative forms of participation on quality of the work environment, based on multi-method case studies of two hotels each in New Zealand and Denmark. The degree of direct participation is higher at the New Zealand hotels, yet, workload and stress...

  5. Hotel & Food Service Industries. Workforce & Workplace Literacy Series.

    Science.gov (United States)

    BCL Brief, 1992

    1992-01-01

    This brief gives an overview of the topic of workplace literacy for the hotel and food service industries and lists program contacts. The following organizations operate employee basic skills programs for hotel and food service employees, provide technical assistance, or operate grant programs: Essential Skills Resource Center; Language Training…

  6. Hotel quality in the European Capital of Culture: Leeuwarden 2018 ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Research in Hospitality Management ... This research looks into the experience as perceived in 2014 by hotel guests in 15 bigger Dutch cities. ... leave more positive guest reviews on review sites, and for authorities to engage in stimulating the knowledge and skills of local hotel operators in order to be best prepared for the ...

  7. THE DEGREE OF CONSUMER SATISFACTION WITH HOTEL SERVICES

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Danka CURAKOVIĆ

    2013-07-01

    Full Text Available The customer focus is one of the principles of quality management in organizations whose decisions, policy and strategy are based on market analysis. The results of the analysis are then used in the introduction of innovation, planning, investment in order to positioning in the market and meeting customer needs. The subject of research is the degree of consumer satisfaction with hotel services in order to determining the extent to which their quality meets customer needs and preferences. For the purposes of this paper there was conducted a research of primary and secondary materials, as well as field research in the July-August 2011. The research was conducted in hotels and B&B hotels in Novi Sad. The principal part of the paper is the analysis and description of results obtained in the study. The research results can be used by hotel managers in order to improve and adapt hotel services to market needs, as well by students.

  8. Gamow, not Hilbert: The Architect of Hilbert's Grand Hotel

    CERN Document Server

    Kragh, Helge

    2014-01-01

    What is known as "Hilbert's hotel" is a story of an imaginary hotel with infinitely many rooms that illustrates the bizarre consequences of assuming an actual infinity of objects or events. Since the 1970s it has been used in a variety of arguments, some of them relating to cosmology and others to philosophy and theology. It turns out that the name is a misnomer, as Hilbert was not responsible for the story. The originator was George Gamow, who invented the hotel in 1947, jokingly attributing it to Hilbert. Although well known, the counter-intuitive hotel only attracted wide interest in the 1970s, first in philosophical and theological contexts. The paper outlines the origin and early history of what might be called the Gamow-Hilbert hotel paradox.

  9. ASPECTS OF ROMANIAN MARKETING ENVIRONMENT FOR INTERNATIONAL HOTEL CHAINS

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Smaranda Adina COSMA

    2015-02-01

    Full Text Available The influence of global processes on economic development is reflected in the intensity of tourist streams and in the development of the hotel companies’ strategy. Because of that, is very important for a hotel and especially for one that belongs to an international chain to analyse the micro and macro environment, to know exactly which are the opportunities and the risks taken into consideration on a specific market. On the Romanian market the hotels that belong to international chains consider that the most important opportunity is the market development potential and the biggest risk is the infrastructure. Also, the own resources are the most important factor that is influencing directly the activity of a hotel belonging to an international chain in Romania. All those criteria are taken into consideration by the hotels in order to develop a long time strategy on the Romanian market.

  10. EVALUATION OF COMPETITION CONDITIONS IN THE HOTEL SECTOR IN ISTANBUL

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Kazım Ozan ÖZER

    2015-04-01

    Full Text Available The various dimensions of the concept of the competitiveness in service sectors have drawn attention of many researchers. Discipline of business concerns firm, sector and the international dimensions of national level competition. This study focus on explaining the competitiveness of Istanbul Hotel Sector by considering the dynamics connected to the sectoral competitiveness of Tourism. For the analysis, different data collection techniques have been used. As for the secondary data, literature review has been done about Michael Porter’s Five Forces Model that is mostly prefered for this kind of researches. For the primary data, senior managers of hotels in Istanbul Hotel Sector were applied to the interviews and formal interviews. As a result of this study it’s seen that Istanbul Hotel Sector has profitability rates that attract new entrants and the competition conditions are available for new entrants to the Istanbul Hotel Sector.

  11. Detection of peroxyacetyl nitrate at phytotoxic level and its effects on vegetation in Taiwan

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sun, En-Jang; Huang, Ming-Huei

    Symptoms of toxicity of peroxyacetyl nitrate (PAN), namely bronzing and silvering, were initially discovered on lettuce plants in the Taipei area in 1989. The cause and effect relationship was established by the detection of large ambient concentrations of PAN and by reproduction of the symptoms upon exposure to PAN. In the following years, several other plants including spinach, Solanum nigrum, Nicotiana excelsior, and Galinsoga parvifiora were also found with symptoms of a similar nature. Symptoms were artificially reproduced in these plants on exposure to PAN proving that they were also sensitive to PAN. These PAN-type symptoms were prominently different from those caused by ozone or other general pollutants described in the literature. Based on these symptoms, PAN is believed to occur in all three major urban areas of Taiwan, namely Taipei in the north, Taichung in the center, and Kaohsiung in the south. Hydrocarbons emitted from numerous motorcycles are believed to be the principal precursor of this photochemical pollutant. Ambient measurements of PAN in the Taipei area showed that on calm sunny days, PAN typically exceeded 4-12 ppb, and native Sword-leaf lettuce began to show the symptoms the next morning. From July 1992 to April 1993 there were at least 34 d with PAN at significantly phytotoxic concentrations that affected lettuce and other plants. The concentration of PAN was highly correlated with that of ozone according to the regression equation Y(ozone/ppbv) = 16.9X(PAN/ppbv) + 13.5 in warm seasons, and Y(ozone/ppbv) = 3.OX(PAN/ppbv) + 11.1 in cooler seasons, indicating the co-occurrence but distinct ratios of these pollutants.

  12. Health impact from climatic extremes: a case study of Asian dust storms in Taiwan

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lien, Yi-Jen; Chien, Lung-Chang; Yang, Chiang-Hsin; Yu, Hwa-Lung

    2013-04-01

    Asian dust storm (ADS) originates in the deserts of Mongolia and northern China in every winter and spring seasons, and its impacts on adverse human health were widely investigated and discussed. Recent records show that the frequency and magnitude of ADS are increasing due to changes of environmental and climatic conditions. It is worthwhile to investigate the health impact of these environmental extremes. This study applies a structural spatiotemporal modeling approach to investigate the changes of spatiotemporal variation of a health indicator during and after ADS periods. The health indicator is the daily clinic visits of conjunctivitis in the children population during 2002-2007 among 41 districts across Taipei City and New Taipei City in Taiwan. Results show positively significant effects of children's conjunctivitis clinic visits happened during ADS periods with elevated percentages of relative rate by 1.48% (95% CI = 0.79, 2.17) for preschool children (0~6 years of age) and 9.48% (95% CI = 9.03, 9.93) for schoolchildren (7~14 years of age). The impact even lasted one week after ADS finished by 2.32% (95% CI = 1.98, 2.66) for schoolchildren, but not for preschool children. Moreover, air pollutants NO2 and O3 also contributed significant influence. The spatial pattern of children's conjunctivitis clinic visits demonstrates that stronger spatial vulnerabilities occurred in most populated metropolitan districts in Taipei. Hence, we concluded that ADS may significantly increase the risks of children's conjunctivitis during ADS periods and one week after ADS periods, especially in schoolchildren.

  13. Implementation of Chaid Algorithm: A Hotel Case

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Celal Hakan Kağnicioğlu

    2014-11-01

    Full Text Available Today, companies are planning their own activities depending on efficiency and effectiveness. In order to have plans for the future activities they need historical data coming from outside and inside of the companies. However, this data is in huge amounts to understand easily. Since, this huge amount of data creates complexity in business for many industries like hospitality industry, reliable, accurate and fast access to this data is to be one of the greatest problems. Besides, management of this data is another big problem. In order to analyze this huge amount of data, Data Mining (DM tools, can be used effectively. In this study, after giving brief definition about fundamentals of data mining, Chi Squared Automatic Interaction Detection (CHAID algorithm, one of the mostly used DM tool, will be introduced. By CHAID algorithm, the most used materials in room cleaning process and the relations of these materials based on in a five star hotel data are tried to be determined. At the end of the analysis, it is seen that while some variables have strong relation with the number of rooms cleaned in the hotel, the others have no or weak relation.

  14. Hotel "Nagoya Castle", Japón

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Takenaka Komuten, Co. Ltd.

    1970-04-01

    Full Text Available This hotel has 254 rooms, of which 138 are single and 99 double bed rooms, and 9 rooms have twin beds. There are also 5 suites and 5 bedrooms in the Japanese style. It can accommodate in all 370 persons. Among its special facilities the following are noteworthy. A large dining hall, with room for 3 000 guests, this being the largest banquet hall in central Japan; a beautiful open air pool; a magnificent garden; and a parking site with space for 400 cars.Este hotel consta de 254 habitaciones, de ellas: 138 individuales, 99 dobles con una cama, 9 dobles con dos camas, 5 suites y 3 habitaciones ambientadas al estilo japonés. Tiene capacidad de alojamiento para 370 personas. Entre sus instalaciones especiales figuran: un gran salón de banquetes —para 3.000 comensales—, que es el mayor del Japón central; una bella piscina al aire libre; un magnífico jardín; y un estacionamiento con capacidad para aparcar 400 turismos.

  15. Implementation of Chaid Algorithm: A Hotel Case

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Celal Hakan Kagnicioglu

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available Today, companies are planning their own activities depending on efficiency and effectiveness. In order to have plans for the future activities they need historical data coming from outside and inside of the companies. However, this data is in huge amounts to understand easily. Since, this huge amount of data creates complexity in business for many industries like hospitality industry, reliable, accurate and fast access to this data is to be one of the greatest problems. Besides, management of this data is another big problem. In order to analyze this huge amount of data, Data Mining (DM tools, can be used effectively. In this study, after giving brief definition about fundamentals of data mining, Chi Squared Automatic Interaction Detection (CHAID algorithm, one of the mostly used DM tool, will be introduced. By CHAID algorithm, the most used materials in room cleaning process and the relations of these materials based on in a five star hotel data are tried to be determined. At the end of the analysis, it is seen that while some variables have strong relation with the number of rooms cleaned in the hotel, the others have no or weak relation.

  16. Abnormal Thyroid-Stimulating Hormone and Chronic Kidney Disease in Elderly Adults in Taipei City.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Chuang, Mei-Hsing; Liao, Kuo-Meng; Hung, Yao-Min; Wang, Paul Yung-Pou; Chou, Yi-Chang; Chou, Pesus

    2016-06-01

    To examine whether older people with abnormal thyroid function are more likely to develop chronic kidney disease (CKD) over a 5-year follow-up period. Retrospective cohort study. Health examination data from the Taipei Databank for Public Health Analysis. Individuals aged 65 and older (N = 41,454). Thyroid-stimulating hormone (TSH) levels were repeatedly measured, and subjects were categorized into four thyroid function groups (hyperthyroid, euthyroid, subclinical hypothyroid, overt hypothyroid). The risk of incident CKD was evaluated using a stepwise Cox proportional hazards regression model adjusted for sex, baseline age, hypertension, diabetes mellitus (DM), dyslipidemia, hyperuricemia, anemia, obesity, liver function, smoking, and alcohol. Higher TSH levels were associated with greater risk of subsequent CKD. Individuals with subclinical hypothyroidism (hazard ratio (HR) = 1.15, 95% confidence interval (CI) = 1.05-1.26) and those with overt hypothyroidism (HR = 1.27, 95% CI = 1.04-1.55) were more likely than those who were euthyroid to have CKD. Women were more likely to have CKD than men (HR = 1.11, 95% CI = 1.06-1.16). When stratified by gender, subclinical hypothyroidism in women was associated with an increased risk of developing CKD (HR = 1.22; 95% CI = 1.08-1.39). When stratified by DM, subclinical hypothyroidism and overt hypothyroidism were associated with an increased risk of developing CKD in nondiabetics (HR = 1.19; 95% CI = 1.07-1.31; and HR = 1.34; 95% CI = 1.08-1.65, respectively). This cohort study of elderly persons in Taipei City found a significant association between hypothyroidism and development of CKD in women and individuals without DM. © 2016, Copyright the Authors Journal compilation © 2016, The American Geriatrics Society.

  17. Association between childhood sexual abuse and adverse psychological outcomes among youth in Taipei.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Li, Nan; Ahmed, Saifuddin; Zabin, Laurie S

    2012-03-01

    The objective of this study was to examine the relationship between a history of childhood sexual abuse (CSA) and negative psychological consequences in adulthood, controlling for family environments and Confucian values. The data used in this study were collected from Taipei. The final analysis sample comprised 4,084 participants aged 15-24 years. Three sets of logistic regression models were fitted to verify the association between CSA and negative psychological outcomes. Sociodemographic variables, household instability, and parenting variables, as well as Confucian value variables were controlled in models step by step. The overall prevalence of CSA in our analysis sample was 5.2%. The overall prevalence of depression, anxiety, and suicidal ideation among Taipei respondents was 11.8%, 16.4%, and 16.7%, respectively, but young people who experienced CSA had significantly higher rates of all three than young adults who had not experienced CSA. After controlling for other covariates, the odds ratios of depression, anxiety, and suicidal ideation associated with a history of CSA were 1.78 (95% confidence intervals [CI]: 1.25-2.54), 1.77 (95% CI: 1.28-2.44), and 2.56 (95% CI: 1.56-4.29), respectively. Our findings suggested that CSA was an independent predictor of negative psychological consequences in adulthood. In our analysis, we controlled for household, parenting, and Confucian culture factors, which provides a better understanding of how they work together to affect adult psychological status. Copyright © 2012 Society for Adolescent Health and Medicine. Published by Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

  18. The effects of trends in technology on the hotel industry: a case study of Scandic Hotel Simonkenttä and Hilton Hotel Kalastajatorppa

    OpenAIRE

    Tamang, Surya Maya; Bernaldo, Ruth Jane

    2016-01-01

    The hotel industry continues to develop through innovations of technology. Trends in technol-ogy are evident in various forms, such as software and operating systems, high-tech devices and equipment, and social media networks. These can improve a hotel’s competitive ad-vantage and increase customer satisfaction. The objective of this research project was to examine the effects of technological trends in hotels and as perceived by the employees (the technology users) and to find out if ther...

  19. THE ONLINE VISIBILITY OF THE ROMANIAN HOTELS. EMPHASIS ON THE HOTELS FROM THE NORTH-EAST REGION OF ROMANIA

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Andreea MAHA

    2015-09-01

    Full Text Available The purpose of the present research is to analyze the online visibility of Romanian hotel websites and what mistakes are identified once we analyze the hotel content. At the same time we want to provide a complex overview of how Romanian hotels use the Internet for their business. The research method used for creating this article is documentary study and content analysis. We have carried out the content analysis of all hotel websites categorized between 3 to 5 stars in the North-East region of Romania. The main mistakes identified consist in the use of websites just for information purposes, the information are often not up to date which promote hotels that no longer exist, and not allow reservations/payments in real time. Many links and services that apparently exist on the website are inactive.

  20. Very-long-period seismic signals at the Tatun Volcano Group, northern Taiwan

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lin, C. H.; Pu, H. C.

    2016-12-01

    Very-long-period (VLP) seismic events have been detected in the Tatun Volcano Group (TVG), located around the border between Taipei City and New Taipei City in northern Taiwan, in which has 7 million residents. By using both analyses of particle motions and travel-time delay, one VLP volcanic earthquake's source is estimated to be at a shallow depth ( 800 m) beneath Mt. Chihsin, which is the highest and youngest volcano in the TVG. The significant variation of seismic energy at different azimuths provides strong evidence to distinguish a crack source from other kinds of sources, such as a sphere, vertical pipe or even double-couple source. This is further confirmed by synthetic modeling of the seismograms recorded at two stations as well as the compressional first-motion at three seismic stations. Thus, a deeper plumping system with high-pressure fluid is required to generate the VLP signals and other volcanic earthquakes in the TVG. Combining this result with those of previous studies, we conclude that the TVG might not be totally extinct and some further investigations must be carried out to improve understanding of the volcanic characteristics of the TVG.

  1. STRATEGIC MANAGEMENT OF HOTEL COMPANIES: CASE STUDY OF HOTEL COMPANIES IN VOJVODINA (SERBIA

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Svetlana VUKOSAV

    2014-12-01

    Full Text Available Contemporary approaches to the management of the company are focused on achieving long-term success of the company in its complex and changing environment. Company as part of the wider environment, must adapt to the changing environment in order to survive, growing and developing. The task of strategic management is to enable the enterprise in the tourism industry to rationally and promptly react to changes in the environment in which it carries out its business and general activity. The aim of this paper is to determine whether and to what extent the process of the strategic management is being implemented in hotels in Vojvodina(that are changed ownership structure and what is their response to the competitive pressures and opportunities, and demands and needs of consumers Strategic positioning in order to achieve sustainable competitive advantage through product differentiation and segmentation of demand is imperative for success of hotel companies in Vojvodina.

  2. Predlog načrta trženja za Mladinski hotel in Hotel Bistra

    OpenAIRE

    Markovič, Barbara

    2016-01-01

    Za manjše kraje, kot je Vrhnika, je turizem ena izmed razvojnih priložnosti za večjo prepoznavnost med ponudniki. Mladinski hotel in Hotel Bistra, ki je odprl svoja vrata v drugi polovici leta 2014 in se trži tudi pod imenom Gostišče s prenočitvami. Zaradi hitre menjave lastništva nastanitveni objekt še vedno nima načrta trženja, ki predstavlja sicer ključen sestavni del razvojnega in operativnega načrta delujočega podjetja. Brez prave strategije in skrbno določenih ciljev podjetje nima zagot...

  3. District heating system cools new hotel; Fernwaerme aus KVA kuehlt neues Ibis-Hotel

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Schmid, W.

    2009-07-01

    This article takes a look at how an absorption cooling system provides cooling for a new hotel in Basel, Switzerland. The driving energy for the absorption cooling system is provided by the local district heating system. Cheap, summertime heat is provided by the local utility IWB from the city's waste incineration plant to drive the system. Details are presented on the installation and figures are given on cooling power and energy prices. The energy-relevant construction details of the new hotel are examined and the air-conditioning installations are described. The special planning competence involved is commented on. The control of the absorption refrigeration system is looked at in detail and the particular finesse involved in its operation is commented on. The quiet, roof-mounted cooling units are also described and a schematic diagram of the installation is presented.

  4. Dilemma of prescribing aripiprazole under the Taiwan health insurance program: a descriptive study

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Hsu YC

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available Yi-Chien Hsu,1,2 Yu-Ching Chou,3 Hsin-An Chang,1,2,4 Yu-Chen Kao,1,2,5 San-Yuan Huang,1,2 Nian-Sheng Tzeng1,2,4 1Department of Psychiatry, Tri-Service General Hospital, Taipei, Taiwan; 2School of Medicine, 3School of Public Health, 4Student Counseling Center, National Defense Medical Center, Taipei, Taiwan; 5Department of Psychiatry, Tri-Service General Hospital, Song-Shan Branch, Taipei, Taiwan Objectives: Refractory major depressive disorder (MDD is a serious problem leading to a heavy economic burden. Antipsychotic augmentation treatment with aripiprazole and quetiapine is approved for MDD patients and can achieve a high remission rate. This study aimed to examine how psychiatrists in Taiwan choose medications and how that choice is influenced by health insurance payments and administrative policy.Design: Descriptive study.Outcome measures: Eight questions about the choice of treatment strategy and atypical antipsychotics, and the reason to choose aripiprazole.Intervention: We designed an augmentation strategy questionnaire for psychiatrists whose patients had a poor response to antidepressants, and handed it out during the annual meeting of the Taiwanese Society of Psychiatry in October 2012. It included eight questions addressing the choice of treatment strategy and atypical antipsychotics, and the reason whether or not to choose aripiprazole as the augmentation antipsychotic.Results: Choosing antipsychotic augmentation therapy or switching to other antidepressant strategies for MDD patients with an inadequate response to antidepressants was common with a similar probability (76.1% vs 76.4%. The most frequently used antipsychotics were aripiprazole and quetiapine, however a substantial number of psychiatrists chose olanzapine, risperidone, and sulpiride. The major reason for not choosing aripiprazole was cost (52.1%, followed by insurance official policy audit and deletion in the claims review system (30.1%.Conclusion: The prescribing

  5. The effects of transported Asian dust on the composition and concentration of ambient fungi in Taiwan

    Science.gov (United States)

    Chao, H. Jasmine; Chan, Chang-Chuan; Rao, Carol Y.; Lee, Chung-Te; Chuang, Ying-Chih; Chiu, Yueh-Hsiu; Hsu, Hsiao-Hsien; Wu, Yi-Hua

    2012-03-01

    This study was conducted to evaluate the effects of transported Asian dust and other environmental parameters on the levels and compositions of ambient fungi in the atmosphere of northern Taiwan. We monitored Asian dust events in Taipei County, Taiwan from January 2003 to June 2004. We used duplicate Burkard portable air samplers to collect ambient fungi before, during, and after dust events. Six transported Asian dust events were monitored during the study period. Elevated concentrations of Aspergillus ( A. niger, specifically), Coelomycetes, Rhinocladiella, Sporothrix and Verticillium were noted ( p < 0.05) during Asian dust periods. Botryosporium and Trichothecium were only recovered during dust event days. Multiple regression analysis showed that fungal levels were positively associated with temperature, wind speed, rainfall, non-methane hydrocarbons and particulates with aerodynamic diameters ≤10 μm (PM10), and negatively correlated with relative humidity and ozone. Our results demonstrated that Asian dust events affected ambient fungal concentrations and compositions in northern Taiwan. Ambient fungi also had complex dynamics with air pollutants and meteorological factors. Future studies should explore the health impacts of ambient fungi during Asian dust events, adjusting for the synergistic/antagonistic effects of weather and air pollutants.

  6. Shi Cihang 航慈釋. The First Case of Mummified Buddhist in Taiwan

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Stefania Travagnin

    2006-01-01

    Full Text Available Shi Cihang 航慈釋 (1895-1954, is one of the eminent figures in the so-called Modern Buddhism in Taiwan. Engaged in improving education and training of Buddhist monks and nuns, and promoter of the so-called renjian fojiao 教佛間人 (Buddhism for the Human Realm, which refuses any sort of superstitious understanding and practice of Buddhism and calls for the return to the original and pure essence of the Dharma, Cihang is also the first Buddhist monk in Taiwan who attempted to, and eventually succeeded in, preserving his body afterdeath. Nowadays, the gilded relic-body of Cihang is enshrined and venerated in Xizhi, Taipei county, as well as being included in the list of the roushen pusa 薩菩身肉 (flesh-body Bodhisattvas who appeared in the history of Chinese Buddhism. This paper analyses Cihang’s relic-body as case-study of Chinese mummified Buddhist in the scene of contemporary Taiwan and modern Taiwanese Buddhim, discussing the Buddhist significance, sociological implications and eventual impact of mummification within the reality of the new renjian fojiao.

  7. An evaluation of a health screening program for migrant women to Taiwan, China

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Yu-Chu Huang

    2016-05-01

    Full Text Available Objective: We aimed to evaluate an integrated screening program for female migrants to Taiwan. Method: We performed a mixed methodological evaluation of a public health nurse (PHN-led intervention to promote an integrated screening program for female migrants to Taiwan. The clinical case yield was determined by an audit, and staff/client questionnaires were used for the evaluation. Screening comprised surveillance for four untreated chronic diseases (hypertension, diabetes mellitus, tuberculosis, and liver disease, four cancers (mouth, bowel, liver, and cervix, parasitic infection, and hyperlipidemia. Results: Three hundred and thirty-six PHNs and 4751 immigrant women – with an average age of 29.2 years, most of whom were from Vietnam (44% or mainland China (41% – took part in the programme. Two thirds of screened women had no abnormalities. Further investigation was required in 1523 women, of whom 1220 were found to have significant disease. The majority of 280 PHNs (85% found the content, processes, and waiting time to be ‘highly acceptable’ and thought the program was worthwhile and could be incorporated into standard care. Conclusions: The Taipei County Comprehensive Health Screening Programme provided an accessible, free-of-charge, and preventative intervention for female migrants to Taiwan and had a good clinical case yield.

  8. Preface to the Special Issue on Severe Weather Research in Taiwan

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ben Jong-Dao Jou

    2006-01-01

    Full Text Available The special section of “Severe Weather Research in Taiwan” is printed in this volume. There are total of 5 papers in this special section. The call-for-paper for this special section started on 2002 right after the “International Conference on Mesoscale Meteorology and Typhoon in East Asia” held at Taiwan in September 2001 and organized by Taiwan Weather Research Program Office and the Chinese Geoscience Union. It was a lengthy process. Totally there were 9 papers submitted and only 5 of them got accepted through the review processes. The papers published consist of a wide spectrum, from summertime hailstorm in the Taipei basin (Chen and Chou to Mei-Yu rainfall estimation by using satellite (Hu and Chen and to typhoon studies. There are 3 papers related to typhoon research, i.e., the simulation of discontinuous track of Typhoon Dot (1990 while passing by the Taiwan Island by using MM5 (Jian et al., formation of Typhoon Robyn (1993 by numerical simulation (Cheung and Elsberry, and concentric eyewall formation study by using simple axis-symmetric model (Peng et al..

  9. The effects of transported Asian dust on the composition and concentration of ambient fungi in Taiwan.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Chao, H Jasmine; Chan, Chang-Chuan; Rao, Carol Y; Lee, Chung-Te; Chuang, Ying-Chih; Chiu, Yueh-Hsiu; Hsu, Hsiao-Hsien; Wu, Yi-Hua

    2012-03-01

    This study was conducted to evaluate the effects of transported Asian dust and other environmental parameters on the levels and compositions of ambient fungi in the atmosphere of northern Taiwan. We monitored Asian dust events in Taipei County, Taiwan from January 2003 to June 2004. We used duplicate Burkard portable air samplers to collect ambient fungi before, during, and after dust events. Six transported Asian dust events were monitored during the study period. Elevated concentrations of Aspergillus (A. niger, specifically), Coelomycetes, Rhinocladiella, Sporothrix and Verticillium were noted (p Asian dust periods. Botryosporium and Trichothecium were only recovered during dust event days. Multiple regression analysis showed that fungal levels were positively associated with temperature, wind speed, rainfall, non-methane hydrocarbons and particulates with aerodynamic diameters ≤10 μm (PM(10)), and negatively correlated with relative humidity and ozone. Our results demonstrated that Asian dust events affected ambient fungal concentrations and compositions in northern Taiwan. Ambient fungi also had complex dynamics with air pollutants and meteorological factors. Future studies should explore the health impacts of ambient fungi during Asian dust events, adjusting for the synergistic/antagonistic effects of weather and air pollutants.

  10. The Efficiency Analysis of Low Impact Development Applied in Taiwan: A Case Study of Porous Pavement

    Science.gov (United States)

    Huang, Y. H.; Liu, H. J.; Hsu, N. S.; Chang, F. M.

    2014-12-01

    Low Impact Development (LID) has been developed since the end of 1990s. Lots of successful experience based on this new technology have been made. Taiwan Executive Yuan is conducting a six-year (2014~2019) program "Integrated River Basin Management Plan" applying LID to build sponge cities. Construction and Planning Agency, Ministry of the Interior is editing the manual of LID technology for Taiwan. However, since the hydrological environments, physiographic conditions, climates, the strength and frequency of disasters in Taiwan are different from that in America, this study takes the first laboratory experiment and model simulation to evaluate the efficiency of application of LID in Taiwan.LID Facilities includes porous pavement, rain garden, green roof, tree box filter facilities and so on, and in this study, porous pavement is taken as an example for discussion. In the part of laboratory experiments, the sand box experiments is designed to operate with the specified rainfall return period calculated by Horton formula and rainfall characteristics of Taipei. Then the outflow hydrograph in each designed rainfall of specified return period can be evaluated. As for model simulation, this study constructs LID simulation elements by SWMM model and tests the suitability for simulation of the outflow hydrograph obtained from experiments, and definitely quantifies the efficiency of water retention and flood reduction of porous pavement. The results fits well with the experimental observation data with less than 10% error of pick flow. It suggests that, with LID simulation elements constructed in this study, the efficiency of LID in actual on-site application can be evaluated.The results shows that porous pavement is able to delay arrival time of pick about 5% ~10% and reduce the pick flow about 5%~20%, and hold the ability of near 3~5% water retention. It proves that application of LID can retain water and reduce flood in Taiwan.

  11. Hotell "Telegraaf" Tallinnas Vene tänaval = Hotel Telegraaf on Vene Street, Tallinn / Mihkel Karu

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Karu, Mihkel, 1983-

    2007-01-01

    Endise Kommertspanga (ehitatud 1874. a. arhitekt P. Schreiberi projekti järgi N. Thamme juhtimisel) ja hilisema Tallinna Telegraafi hoonesse Vene t. 9 rajatud hotell. Arhitekt: Martin Aunin. Projekteerija: EA Reng AS. Konstruktor: Riho Märtson. Sisekujundajad: Külli Salum, Riina Harik. Projekt: 2004, valmis: 2007. I ja III korruse plaan, 2 värv. välisvaadet, 4 sisevaadet

  12. Perceived workplace mistreatment: Case of Latina hotel housekeepers.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hsieh, Yu-Chin Jerrie; Sönmez, Sevil; Apostolopoulos, Yorghos; Lemke, Michael Kenneth

    2017-01-01

    Latina hotel housekeepers' social class, gender, race/ethnicity, nationality, and United States immigration status render them particularly vulnerable to workplace mistreatment. We sought to reveal the array of policy- and interpersonal-related mistreatment experienced by Latina hotel housekeepers in the southeastern United States employed at 75 local hotels which included 4-star, 3-star, 2-star, and 1-star properties. This ethnographic study involved 27 in-depth interviews with Latina hotel housekeepers. Using semi-structured in-depth interview guides, participants were interviewed until collected data reached saturation. Data were coded to explore themes and relationships for the housekeepers' work environments, and thick descriptions of these environments were developed. Participants ranged in work experience from 1 to 15 years, with all but one unable to reach full-time status, and were paid between $7.25 and $8.00 per hour. Policy-related phenomena, such as low pay, lack of paid sick leave or overtime, and absence of appropriate cleaning tools or protective equipment were all perceived as forms of mistreatment by Latina hotel housekeepers. Interpersonal mistreatment in the form of supervisor favoritism, unfair work assignments, biased allocation of cleaning supplies, disrespect, and verbal abuse due to ethnicity was also perceived. Latina hotel housekeepers endure mistreatment that impacts their psychosocial and physical occupational health. We provide recommendations to minimize workplace mistreatment and improve well-being of Latina hotel housekeepers.

  13. Budgeting practices: a study on Brazilian hotel companies

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Paula de Souza

    2015-12-01

    Full Text Available This study aims to explore the budgeting practices in the hotel companies of Brazil’s main tourist centers. The justification is oriented by the number of foreign tourists received by the top ten Brazilian tourist destinations, which reaches 95% of the country. Another motivation is the lack of research on hotel companies in developing countries, and it should also be considered that Brazil will host the World Cup in 2014 and the Olympic Games in 2016, which requires a suitable hotel structure to receive a large number of athletes and tourists. Thus, in order to achieve the purpose of this study, surveys were sent to the hotels associated with the Brazilian Association of the Hotel Industry (ABIH, with replies by 40 hotel companies. Descriptive statistics were applied to the results, in order to improve the basis for discussions. The results indicate that most of the hotels adopt corporate budgeting with bottom-up as main budgeting process. Research shows that budgets are developed, more frequently, using the results from previous years and economic indicators. In the performance evaluation, the comparative analysis, the analysis of the causes of deviations and adequacy measures are often applied. The analysis of variance is primarily directed at controlling costs/expenses, identifying potential problems and providing feedback for the next period.

  14. A Mathematical Model of the Hotel Service Oligopoly Market and a Conflict-Optimal Management Method of the Hotel Complex Competitiveness

    OpenAIRE

    Soro, M.; A. A. Karpunin

    2015-01-01

    The aim of this work is to enhance competitiveness of hotel complex management in the hotel service market of the state of Côte d'Ivoire.The objectives of this study are:1) producing a model of oligopoly market of hotel services based on marketing research;2) synthesis of the conflict-optimum management method of a hotel complex using the model of oligopoly market of hotel services;3) study of issues on competitiveness enhancement of running hotel complex in the market of oligopoly under coun...

  15. Changing Occupational Profiles in the Hotel Industry: Case Studies in France, Italy and Spain. Synthesis Report.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gatti, Mario; Grazia Mereu, Maria; Tagliaferro, Claudio

    Changing occupational profiles in the hotel industry in France, Italy, and Spain were examined in case studies that included interviews with hotel managers, human resource managers, and individuals employed in hotel occupations identified as new or entailing new skills. The study focused on the following topics: (1) changes in the hotel industry…

  16. Does the Short-Term Effect of Air Pollution Influence the Incidence of Spontaneous Intracerebral Hemorrhage in Different Patient Groups? Big Data Analysis in Taiwan

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ting-Ying Chien

    2017-12-01

    Full Text Available Spontaneous intracerebral hemorrhage (sICH has a high mortality rate. Research has demonstrated that the occurrence of sICH is related to air pollution. This study used big data analysis to explore the impact of air pollution on the risk of sICH in patients of differing age and geographic location. 39,053 cases were included in this study; 14,041 in the Taipei region (Taipei City and New Taipei City, 5537 in Taoyuan City, 7654 in Taichung City, 4739 in Tainan City, and 7082 in Kaohsiung City. The results of correlation analysis indicated that there were two pollutants groups, the CO and NO2 group and the PM2.5 and PM10 group. Furthermore, variations in the correlations of sICH with air pollutants were identified in different age groups. The co-factors of the influence of air pollutants in the different age groups were explored using regression analysis. This study integrated Taiwan National Health Insurance data and air pollution data to explore the risk factors of sICH using big data analytics. We found that PM2.5 and PM10 are very important risk factors for sICH, and age is an important modulating factor that allows air pollutants to influence the incidence of sICH.

  17. Does the Short-Term Effect of Air Pollution Influence the Incidence of Spontaneous Intracerebral Hemorrhage in Different Patient Groups? Big Data Analysis in Taiwan.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Chien, Ting-Ying; Ting, Hsien-Wei; Chan, Chien-Lung; Yang, Nan-Ping; Pan, Ren-Hao; Lai, K Robert; Hung, Su-In

    2017-12-10

    Spontaneous intracerebral hemorrhage (sICH) has a high mortality rate. Research has demonstrated that the occurrence of sICH is related to air pollution. This study used big data analysis to explore the impact of air pollution on the risk of sICH in patients of differing age and geographic location. 39,053 cases were included in this study; 14,041 in the Taipei region (Taipei City and New Taipei City), 5537 in Taoyuan City, 7654 in Taichung City, 4739 in Tainan City, and 7082 in Kaohsiung City. The results of correlation analysis indicated that there were two pollutants groups, the CO and NO₂ group and the PM2.5 and PM10 group. Furthermore, variations in the correlations of sICH with air pollutants were identified in different age groups. The co-factors of the influence of air pollutants in the different age groups were explored using regression analysis. This study integrated Taiwan National Health Insurance data and air pollution data to explore the risk factors of sICH using big data analytics. We found that PM2.5 and PM10 are very important risk factors for sICH, and age is an important modulating factor that allows air pollutants to influence the incidence of sICH.

  18. Using SERVQUAL to evaluate quality disconfirmation of nursing service in Taiwan.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Chou, Shieu-Ming; Chen, Thai-Form; Woodard, Beth; Yen, Miao-Fen

    2005-06-01

    The purpose of this study was to determine the extent of disconfirmation of the perceived quality of nursing services, and its relationship to patient's satisfaction, intent to return, and intent to recommend to others. The service dimensions were tangibles, reliability, responsiveness, assurance, and empathy, which were adopted from the Gap model of Parasuraman, Zeithaml and Berry (1985). A total of 186 subjects was tested by a modified SERVQUAL (service quality) instrument. These subjects were from 15 randomly selected medical-surgical units in a medical center in Taipei, Taiwan, Republic of China. The response rate was 92%. Descriptive statistics and multiple regression were used to analyze subjects' responses. A number of the demographic variables served as covariates in data analysis. Responsiveness was highly significant in predicting overall satisfaction with hospital service (p = .0003). Reliability was significant in predicting overall satisfaction with nursing care (p < .00005) and intent to return. Empathy was a highly significant predictor of intent to recommend.

  19. Environmental Strategies in Hotel Business Administration

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mirela STEFANICA

    2017-04-01

    Full Text Available The problem of the environment is a strategic challenge in the era we are living in. In this sense, more and more managers from various areas of activity, the tourism industry included, have become increasingly concerned of promoting better environmental practices. If these practices were based on the 3R’s principle, later on they developed amounting to the implementation of much more complex systems and strategies to support the solving of environmental problems. The paper highlights the main environmental strategies implemented in the hotels of Romania and Italy, presented in a comparative analysis. The study provides an image of the current situation in two regions of Romania and Italy, thus showing the efforts made by managers to ameliorate the impact of the activities carried out on the environment.

  20. The Development of Boutique Hotels in Brașov City

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Codruța Adina Băltescu

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available Boutique hotels are hotel businesses dedicated to addressing a well-defined segment ofcustomers. The development of the concept is an ongoing process, these accommodation units arealready well known on the hotel market, thus reflecting their attraction among the guests. Thepaper highlights the main features of the boutique hotels, the specificity of the offer and analyzesthe major global hotel groups in order to highlight their concerns in the direction of developingtheir own chains of boutique hotels. Aiming to identify the development of this hotel concept in ourcountry, the paper also analyzes the units that fall into this category of establishments whichoperate in Brasov city.

  1. Problematics of high employee turnover in hotel Thermal

    OpenAIRE

    Gistinger, Petr

    2016-01-01

    Bachelor´s thesis is focused on high employee turnover in a specific company. Thesis is divided into two parts. The first part consists of definitions, theoretical starting-points and methods connected with employee turnover. In the beginning of the second part the hotel is briefly introduced. In the main body of second part I have analysed the situation in the hotel based on internal documents, hotel´s official web page, official statistics and an interview with company´s manager. Using the ...

  2. The Effects of Customer Voice on Hotel Performance

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Assaf, A. George; Josiassen, Alexander; Cvelbar, Ljubica Knežević

    2015-01-01

    This paper investigates the effects of two critical customer voice variables on hotel performance. Specifically, the research provides a customer equity model in which the influences of both customer satisfaction and complaints are considered. The impact of the customer voice variables on hotel...... performance is investigated while considering the potential for moderating effects by hotel size and star rating. We use a more robust approach to measure firm performance than is traditionally used in satisfaction-performance studies. Finally the paper reports on the results of these investigations...

  3. Concepto para un Nuevo Hotel Internacional de Varadero.

    OpenAIRE

    José Diwaldo García Sánchez; Ivanys Valderrama Ramírez; Pedro Yuniesky Rodríguez Martínez

    2012-01-01

    Este trabajo abarca la etapa de concepto para un nuevo hotel en las parcelas donde hoy se ubican las Cabañas del Sol y el Hotel Internacional en el balneario de Varadero. Este aumentaría de sobremanera la capacidad habitacional en dicha zona, considerada operadores del turismo como una de las mejores franjas de playa del mundo, proponemos un hotel muy actual en cuanto en su arquitectura y composición espacial con categoría cinco estrellas plus, 890 habitaciones y una tipología semicompacta. P...

  4. ONLINE REPUTATION AND ITS IMPACT ON HOTEL PRICING STRATEGIES

    National Research Council Canada - National Science Library

    Patricia Diana-Jens; Antonio Rodríguez Ruibal

    2015-01-01

    ... of information to improve their business results, though the importance of it is such, that it should count as an independent variable in the hotel's marketing strategy, mainly in the market positioning and in the pricing strategy. With this study we demonstrate the impact of the online reputation on the hotel's business results, assuming as online reputation the whole group of reviews available through Social Media channels. On the first hand, we try to prove that there is a relationship between the hotel's ra...

  5. The Assessment of Hotel Services in Poiana Brasov Resort

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Baltescu C.A.

    2014-12-01

    Full Text Available The choice of a holiday destination is determined by the features of the existing accommodation offer. The quality of hotel services provided influence the attracted customer segment, the satisfaction degree of consumption, the loyalty degree for the accommodation unit and destination, and also the economic-financial performance of the company. This article analyzes the opinions of tourists staying in Poiana Braşov resort regarding their consumption experience in one of the most representative hotels of the resort. The results obtained show customers’ expectations, satisfaction degree after consumption and future ways for adapting and improving hotel services.

  6. Corporate Diversification and Firm Performance: Evidence from Asian Hotel Industry

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ooi Chai-Aun

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available The unstable environment of hotel industry which is driven by the fluctuation of tourism demand has motivated this study to look into the best diversification strategy for firm performance betterment. 42 hotel firms are investigated across 4 Asian economies, from year 2001 to 2012. Our results suggest that unrelated industrial diversification is the only alternative to improve hotel firm performance. Unrelated international diversification instead has a significant negative effect towards firm performance. Our results further show that board of directors implies a significant link to the relationship between diversification and firm performance, only in a crisis period.

  7. Hotel industry in Azerbaijan: problems perspectives of entrepreneurship development

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Gasanov Arzu Nadzhaf

    2014-04-01

    Full Text Available The article considers the essence of the entrepreneurship activity and the characteristic features of a businessman. The definition of the entrepreneurship according to the Azerbaijan legislation is given. Then, the tourism, peculiarities and legislation base of business in tourism industry and hotel economy characterized, the main data of the activities of replacement enterprises in the country, the level of quality of hotel service and analyzed, the main problems are listed and the conclusion about the state of the business in the sphere of hotel industry is made.

  8. Role of parking in the hotel supply chain management

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Robert Maršanić

    2015-12-01

    Full Text Available Background: Supply chain management in tourism has only recently become the topic of the scientific research. The hotel product as a tourist product presents a specific mix of services and products The focus of this study has been placed on the hotel company, that, in order to create such a product, builds its own network of partners (companies, co-workers, to bring together and coordinate activities intended to result in the desired features of the hotel product. This study was evaluated as a scientifically relevant because until now the position of parking services in the hotel product has not been analyzed from the perspective of the hotel efforts and abilities to provide parking places for their guests by analyzing to which extent a good and available parking space really affects the quality of the hotel product. The aim of the study was to define the framework in which the supply chain management acts with reference to the parking service and stakeholders in the network. Methods: The method of interviewing hotel managers was used to obtain necessary data. Through the simple numerical calculations including the number of parking spaces and the capacity of the hotel accommodation we tried to identify the interrelationship, i.e. the degree of alignment of the respective sizes. Results: It turned out that towns of Rijeka and Opatija are faced with a shortage of parking spaces, especially during the tourist season. The trend of providing parking services for guests in hotel-owned garages or car parks is typical for the everyday hotel operation and the shortage of such an option, is resolved through the lease of a certain number of parking spaces in public garages and car parks. These parking spaces are away from the hotel, the guests' dissatisfaction is a normal consequence of such a decision and it is mitigated through the commercial measures. Hotel management considers a provided parking space an important element of the hotel product quality

  9. Increasing cardiopulmonary emergency visits by long-range transported Asian dust storms in Taiwan.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Chan, Chang-Chuan; Chuang, Kai-Jen; Chen, Wen-Jone; Chang, Wei-Tien; Lee, Chung-Te; Peng, Chi-Ming

    2008-03-01

    This study aims to explore whether Asian dust storms can affect health after 4000 km long-range transport from their origins to downwind areas. Asian dust storms reaching Taipei, Taiwan are tracked by satellite images and confirmed by backward trajectory analysis and ground air pollution monitoring between 1995 and 2002. Our outcome variables include emergency visits for ischaemic heart diseases (ICD-9-CM 410-411, 414), cerebrovascular diseases (ICD-9-CM 430-437), and chronic obstructive pulmonary diseases (COPD) (ICD-9-CM 493, 496) from the National Taiwan University Hospital (NTUH). We use simple paired t-test and Poisson regression models to compare difference in emergency visits, air pollution levels and meteorological conditions for the pairs of Asian dust events and pre-dust periods. There were 39 high dust events with PM(10) greater than 90 microg/m(3) and another 46 low dust events with PM(10) less than 90 microg/m(3). Compared to their pre-dust periods, PM(10) concentrations are significantly increased by 77 microg/m(3) per event for the high dust events. Asian dust storms increase cardiopulmonary emergency visits during storm-affecting periods in Taipei when ambient PM(10) concentrations are above 90 microg/m(3). Compared to their pre-dust periods, emergency visits for ischaemic heart diseases, cerebrovascular diseases, and COPD during high dust events are increased by 0.7 case (35%), 0.7 case (20%), and 0.9 case (20%) per event, respectively, by paired t-tests. By comparing the model-predicted to the observed emergency visits, we find emergency visits for cardiovascular diseases (ICD-9-CM 410-411, 414, 430-437) were significantly increased by 2.9 cases (67%) per event for the 39 high Asian dust events.

  10. Hydrogeological bedrock inferred from electrical resistivity model in Taichung Basin, Taiwan

    Science.gov (United States)

    Chiang, C. W.; Chang, P. Y.; Chang, L. C.

    2015-12-01

    The four-year project of the study of groundwater hydrogeology and recharge model was indicated by Central Geological Survey, MOEA, Taiwan (R.O.C.) to evaluate recharge groundwater areas in Taiwan where included Taipei, Taichung Basins, Lanyang and Chianan Plains. The groundwater recharge models of Lanyang Plain and Taipei Basin have successfully been estimated in two years ago (2013-2014). The third year of the project integrates with geophysical, geochemistry, and hydrogeology models to estimate the groundwater recharge model in Taichung Basin region. Taichung Basin is mainly covered by Pre-Pleistocene of thick gravel, sandy and muddy sediment rocks within a joint alluvial fan, whereas the depth of the hydrological bedrock remains uncertain. Two electrical resistivity geophysical tools were carried out utilizing direct current resistivity and audio-magnetotelluric (AMT) explorations, which could ideally provide the depth resolutions from shallow to depth for evaluating the groundwater resources. The study has carried out 21 AMT stations in the southern Taichung Basin in order to delineate hydrological bedrock in the region. All the AMT stations were deployed about 24 hours and processed with remote reference technique to reduce culture noises. The quality of most stations shows acceptable in the area which two stations were excluded due to near-field source effect in the southwestern basin. The best depth resolution is identified in 500 meters for the model. The preliminary result shows that the depths of the bedrock gradually changes from southern ~20 m toward to ~400 m in central, and eastern ~20 m to 180 m in the western basin inferred from the AMT model. The investigation shows that AMT method could be a useful geophysical tool to enhance the groundwater recharge model estimation without dense loggings in the region.

  11. Cost-effectiveness of amlodipine compared with valsartan in preventing stroke and myocardial infarction among hypertensive patients in Taiwan

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Chan L

    2016-05-01

    Full Text Available Lung Chan,1 Chen-Huan Chen,2 Juey-Jen Hwang,3 San-Jou Yeh,4 Kou-Gi Shyu,5 Ruey-Tay Lin,6 Yi-Heng Li,7 Larry Z Liu,8 Jim Z Li,9 Wen-Yi Shau,10 Te-Chang Weng,10 1Department of Neurology, Shuang-Ho Hospital, School of Medicine, College of Medicine, Taipei Medical University, New Taipei, 2Department of Internal Medicine, Faculty of Medicine, National Yang-Ming University, 3Division of Cardiology, Department of Internal Medicine, National Taiwan University Hospital, Taipei, 4Division of Cardiology, Department of Internal Medicine, Chang Gung Memorial Hospital, Taoyuan, 5Division of Cardiology, Department of Internal Medicine, Shin Kong Wu Ho-Su Memorial Hospital, Taipei, 6Department of Neurology, Kaohsiung Medical University Hospital, Kaohsiung, 7Division of Cardiology, Department of Internal Medicine, National Cheng Kung University Hospital, Tainan, Taiwan; 8Pfizer Inc, New York, NY, USA; 9Pfizer Inc, San Diego, CA ,USA; 10Pfizer Ltd., New Taipei City, Taiwan Abstract: Hypertension is a major risk factor for strokes and myocardial infarction (MI. Given its effectiveness and safety profile, the calcium channel blocker amlodipine is among the most frequently prescribed antihypertensive drugs. This analysis was conducted to determine the costs and quality-adjusted life years (QALYs associated with the use of amlodipine and valsartan, an angiotensin II receptor blocker, in preventing stroke and MI in Taiwanese hypertensive patients. A state transition (Markov model was developed to compare the 5-year costs and QALYs for amlodipine and valsartan. Effectiveness data were based on the NAGOYA HEART Study, local studies, and a published meta-analysis. Utility data and costs of MI and stroke were retrieved from the published literature. Medical costs were based on the literature and inflated to 2011 prices; drug costs were based on National Health Insurance prices in 2014. A 3% discount rate was used for costs and QALYs and a third-party payer perspective

  12. Measuring Service Quality Dimensions: An Empirical Analysis of Thai Hotel Industry

    OpenAIRE

    Dr. Sakun Boon-itt; Dr. Nopadol Rompho

    2012-01-01

    The aim of this study is to focus on hotel service quality based on the application of 29 characteristic indicators from the SERVQUAL model by comparing two hotel types, namely the boutique and the business hotel, in Thailand and to understand the expectation, perception and gaps between expectation and perception regarding hotel service quality. The study applied a self-administered questionnaire to measure the expectation and perception of service quality characteristics of hotels in Thaila...

  13. Operational Efficiency and Technology Gap Ratio of Hotels under Different Environments (in Thai)

    OpenAIRE

    Akarapong Untong

    2013-01-01

    This paper applied data envelopment analysis with slacks-based measure and metafrontier analysis to assess the operational efficiencies and technology gap ratios of the resorts and boutique hotels of Thailand’s hotel chain in Chiang Mai and Phuket. Data were from 14 hotels in Chiang Mai and 34 hotels in Phuket. It was found that hotels belonging to each type, in Chiang Mai and Phuket, had no difference in efficiencies but had different technology gap ratios; the environment caused the differe...

  14. Classification of Customer Satisfaction Attributes: An Application of Online Hotel Review Analysis

    OpenAIRE

    Dong, Jian; Li, Hongxiu; Zhang, Xianfeng

    2014-01-01

    Part 3: Digital Business; International audience; With the wide penetration of Internet, online hotel reviews have become popular among travellers. Online hotel reviews also reflect customer satisfaction with hotel services. In this study we use online hotel reviews to classify the attributes of customer satisfaction with hotel services. The empirical data was collected via Daodao.com, the Chinese affiliated brand of online travel opinion website tripadvisor.com. Based on text mining and cont...

  15. THE EFFECTS OF AN INCENTIVE MECHANISM ON BRAIN DRAIN IN THE HOTEL INDUSTRY

    OpenAIRE

    Zhao, Danni

    2016-01-01

    This thesis studies the effects of incentive mechanism on brain drain in hotel industry. As for the reason why this topic is chosen, it is regarding to the author's previous working experiences in the hotel industry. After the training practice in several different hotels, it is notable that Chinese hotel industry is confronted with a severe problem of high employee turnover. While the normal human resource turnover rate should remain between 5% and 10%, the average figure for the hotel staff...

  16. Customer Satisfaction Research: A Case Study of Original Sokos Hotel Olympia Garden

    OpenAIRE

    Truong, Thuan

    2016-01-01

    This thesis research was carried out at Original Sokos Hotel Olympia Garden in summer 2016. The case company is one of three Sokos Hotels located in St. Petersburg, Russia. The hotel aims to deliver a “Cosy living, smart working” environment to all the guests. The thesis project examines customer satisfaction with different service aspects provided at Original Sokos Hotel Olympia Garden and the customers’ willingness to recommend the hotel to others. The thesis also analyzes the factors h...

  17. Peranan Business Center Dalam Meningkatkan Pendapatan Front Office Department Di Hotel Aryaduta Medan

    OpenAIRE

    Prawira, Dwi Ananda

    2013-01-01

    Sebuah hotel yang baik adalah yang mampu mendapatkan keuntungan dengan memberikan kepuasan bagi para tamunya dengan memenuhi kebutuhan dan keinginannya selama berada dalam lingkungan hotel atau pada saat menginap untuk dapat memenuhi kebutuhan dan keinginan tamu tersebut. Aryaduta Hotel sesuai dengan lokasinya adalah hotel yang terletak di pusat kota ( City Hotel ), yang pusat layanananya terutama pada tamu bisnis dan pengusaha yang memerlukan fasilitas. Fasilitas yang dibutuhkannya selama me...

  18. Constructing Taipei City Sports Centre Performance Evaluation Model with Fuzzy MCDM Approach Based on Views of Managers

    OpenAIRE

    Chen-Yang Wang; Pei-Hsuan Tsai; Hu Zheng

    2013-01-01

    This study aims to utilize the fuzzy analytical/network process (FAHP/FANP) and decision-making trial and evaluation laboratory (DEMATEL) approach to recognize the influential indicators of sport centre business management in Taipei city’s sports centre. Twenty-three of sports centres with six-dimensions were identified from the literature review and interview with twelve experts (academic and practical experience). By considering the interrelationships among the indices, DEMATEL was used to ...

  19. Evaluation of emergency medical dispatch in out-of-hospital cardiac arrest in Taipei.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ma, Matthew Huei-Ming; Lu, Tsung-Chien; Ng, Josh Chian-Shuin; Lin, Chih-Hao; Chiang, Wen-Chu; Ko, Patrick Chow-In; Shih, Fuh-Yuan; Huang, Chien-Hua; Hsiung, Kuang-Hua; Chen, Shyr-Chyr; Chen, Wen-Jone

    2007-05-01

    Emergency medical dispatchers are the entry points to the emergency medical services (EMS). The overall performances of the dispatchers are imperative determinants of the emergency medical services dispatching system. There is little data on the cultural and language impacts on emergency medical dispatch. This study examined the emotional content and cooperation score (ECCS) among Mandarin Chinese speaking callers for cardiac arrests, and evaluated the performances of emergency medical services dispatching system in Taipei. This retrospective, observational study examined dispatching audio recordings obtained from the Taipei City Fire Department Dispatching Center between January 2004 to April 2004. The tapes of call relating to adult (age >or=18 years), non-traumatic cases with a presumed or field diagnosis of out-of-hospital cardiac arrest (OHCA) underwent systemic review. The caller's ECCS and the dispatcher's performances, including interview skills, provision of telephone-assisted cardiopulmonary resuscitation (T-CPR), and dispatcher's ability to identify OHCA were examined. Interrater reliability for determining ECCS and interview skills were assessed using kappa statistic. A total of 199 audio recordings were reviewed. A mean ECCS of 1.42+/-0.64 (95% CI: 1.33-1.51) demonstrated that most callers were emotionally stable and cooperative when calling for help, even when facing cardiac arrest patients. There was a good association between ECCS and the sex of the callers (male 1.32 versus female 1.49; pskills of the dispatchers was high (4 or 5 points); while in one fifth the interview skills were suboptimal. About one third of the cases were provided with T-CPR by the dispatchers. The sensitivity and positive predictive value (PPV) for predicting OHCA by dispatchers were 96.9% and 97.9%, respectively. A kappa value of 0.65 and 0.68 were obtained for the interrater reliability of ECCS and interview skills. Most callers were found to be emotional stable and

  20. Myopia Development Among Young Schoolchildren: The Myopia Investigation Study in Taipei.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Tsai, Der-Chong; Fang, Shao-You; Huang, Nicole; Hsu, Chih-Chien; Chen, Shing-Yi; Chiu, Allen Wen-Hsiang; Liu, Catherine Jui-Ling

    2016-12-01

    To investigate the annual incidence of myopia and associated factors among young schoolchildren in Taipei City. The Myopia Investigation Study in Taipei was a citywide, population-based cohort study. During the fall 2013 semester (baseline), a total of 11,590 grade 2 schoolchildren completed ocular examination and were included for further analysis. A parent-completed questionnaire was administered to collect data on risk factors for myopia development. Follow-up visits were arranged biannually over 3 years. The first-year results are reported here. Schoolchildren who were emmetropic/hyperopic at baseline and had myopia (spherical equivalent ≤ -0.5 diopters) in either eye at follow-up were identified as having incident myopia. Among 7376 baseline nonmyopic participants, 6794 (92.1%) were examined during the first-year follow-up, and 1856 (25.2%) with incident myopia were identified. The incidence density of myopia was 31.7 (95% confidence interval [CI]: 30.6-32.8) per 100 person-years. Cox hazard proportional regression analysis revealed that participants who were emmetropic at baseline (hazards ratio [HR]: 19.37; 95% CI: 4.84-77.57), who had two myopic parents (HR: 1.21; 95% CI: 1.04-1.42), and who spent ≥5 hours every week on after-school tutoring programs (HR: 1.12; 95% CI: 1.02-1.22) had greater risk for incident myopia. By contrast, protective factors included suburban area of residence (HR: 0.91; 95% CI: 0.83-1.00) and spending ≥30 minutes outdoors after school every weekday (HR: 0.90; 95% CI: 0.82-0.99). This study provides population-based data on the annual incidence of myopia among Taiwanese schoolchildren, and found that baseline refractive status, parental myopia, area of residence, time outdoors after school on weekdays, and time spent on after-school tutoring programs are associated with risk of new-onset myopia.

  1. Market segmentation and the changing budget hotel industry in urban South Africa

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Market segmentation and the changing budget hotel industry in urban South Africa

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available Market segmentation is a critical driver of change in the hotel industry, resulting in the appearance of differentiated forms of hotel property developments, including budget hotels. International research on budget hotels is mainly limited to North America and Europe, with some more recent studies on emerging economies. This article examines the role of budget hotels within the wider restructuring of the South African hotel industry following the country’s re-entry into the global tourism economy after its democratic transition. Historically, the South African hotel industry became dominated by one- and two-star budget accommodation as a result of the country’s liquor legislation. With the reconfiguration of the hotel industry after 1990 to target the growing international tourism market, the role of budget hotels changed. This analysis examines the diminished role of budget hotels in South Africa’s hotel economy, the shifting nature of the budget hotel and location patterns of budget hotels from 1990 to the present. It shows that post-1990 budget hotels are mainly concentrated in large cities and secondary centres of South Africa, and that in small towns the former liquor-focused budget hotel has been replaced by other forms of accommodation.

  2. Molecular Epidemiology of HIV-1 Infection among Men who Have Sex with Men in Taiwan in 2012.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Szu-Wei Huang

    Full Text Available The number of men who have sex with men (MSM infected with HIV-1 in Taiwan has increased rapidly in the past few years. The goal of this study was to conduct a molecular epidemiological study of HIV-1 infection among MSM in Taiwan to identify risk factors for intervention. Voluntary counseling program and anonymous testing were provided to patrons at 1 gay bar, 7 night clubs and 3 gay saunas in Taipei and New Taipei Cities in 2012. HIV-1 subtypes were determined using gag subtype-specific PCR and phylogenetic analysis by env sequences. Recent HIV-1 infection was determined using LAg-Avidity EIA. In-depth interviews and questionnaires were used to identify risk factors. The prevalence and incidence of HIV-1 among MSM in Taiwan were 4.38% (53/1,208 and 3.29 per 100 person-years, respectively. Of 49 cases genotyped, 48 (97.9% were infected with subtype B and 1 with CRF01_AE (2%. Phylogenetic analysis of 46 HIV-1 strains showed that 25 (54.4% subtype B strains formed 9 clusters with each other or with other local strains. The CRF01_AE case clustered with a reference strain from a Thai blood donor with bootstrap value of 99. Multivariate logistic regression analysis showed that risk factors associated with HIV-1 infection included use of oil-based solution as lubricant (vs. saliva or water-based lubricants, OR= 4.23; p <0.001; exclusively receptive role (vs. insertive role, OR= 9.69; p <0.001; versatile role (vs. insertive role, OR= 6.45; p= 0.003; oral sex (vs. insertive role, OR= 11.93; p= 0.044; times of sexual contact per week (2-3 vs. zero per week, OR= 3.41; p= 0.021; illegal drug use (OR= 4.12; p <0.001; and history of sexually transmitted diseases (OR= 3.65; p= 0.002. In conclusion, there was no new HIV-1 subtype or circulating recombinant form responsible for the increase of HIV-1 among MSM in Taiwan in 2012. Misuse of oil-based solution as lubricant is a new risk factor identified among MSM in Taiwan. The Taiwan's Centers for Disease

  3. Characteristics of the first human milk bank in Taiwan.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Chang, Fang-Yuan; Cheng, Shao-Wen; Wu, Tsung-Zu; Fang, Li-Jung

    2013-02-01

    The benefits of feeding human milk to infants, even in prematurity, have been well documented. Well-organized donor milk processing has made the milk bank a good source of nutrition for premature or sick infants if their own mother's milk is not sufficient or suitable. The Taipei City Hospital Milk Bank was established in 2005 and is the first nonprofit human milk bank to operate in Taiwan. The milk bank has adopted standards of practice laid down by the Human Milk Banking Association of North America and United Kingdom Association for Milk Banking. The clinical characteristics of the eligible milk donors, the recipients, and the donor milk were reviewed retrospectively. In the past 6 years, 816 eligible donors donated a total or 13,900 L (mean 17.03 L/donor) of breast milk. The mean age of these donors was 31.3 years, and 79.7% of them had college education. Most had term delivery (91.2%), with mean birth weight of their babies being 3120 g; 68.9% of the donors were primiparas. A total of 551 infants had received bank milk, with these indications: prematurity (65.4%), malabsorption (7.6%), feeding intolerance (7.2%), maternal illness (5.1%) and post-surgery (4.6%). The pass rate of raw donor milk was around 72.1%. The most common reasons to discard raw milk were Gram-negative rods contamination (72.8%) and ≥10 colony-forming units/mL of coagulase-negative Staphylococcus (62.3%). Only 0.63% of donor milk post pasteurization showed bacterial growth. Proper management and operation of a human milk bank can support breastfeeding, and provide a safe alternative to artificial formula for feeding preterm or ill infants in Taiwan. Sustainability of the milk bank needs more propagation and financial support by health authorities. Copyright © 2012. Published by Elsevier B.V.

  4. A Method for Development of Ecomuseums in Taiwan

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Zhen-Hui Liu

    2015-09-01

    Full Text Available One component of the new museology is the ecomuseum, which is intended to preserve cultural/natural heritage and the local landscape in situ, and involves community participation and needs associated with community development. Since the ecomuseum concept originated in Western Europe, ecomuseums must be adapted or localized to various socio-economic environments. In the 2000s, two mining ecomuseums were established in New Taipei City—the Gold Museum and the Houtong Coal Mine Ecological Park. In the early 2010s, two more ecomuseums were established—the Daxi Wood Art Ecomuseum and the Togo Art Museum. More than the mining ecomuseums, the Daxi Wood Art Ecomuseum emphasized community participation and the vision of the Togo Art Museum was led by the community. Based on an analysis of the Houtong Coal Mine Ecological Park, the Daxi Wood Art Ecomuseum and the Togo Art Museum, this study elucidates the various mechanisms of the development of ecomuseums in Taiwan. Ecomuseums should be interconnected with the community and the environment. The three major functions of ecomuseums (community participation, local development, and in-situ preservation can promote sustainable development. This study uses the “creativity triangle” concept with a three-year cycle of development as an analytical tool. The concept was modified to include three stages of development, which are “estimation”, “preparation”, and “operation”; six steps and 11 tasks are proposed. Despite the unique circumstances of each ecomuseum, this study provides an overview of the development processes and provides a basis for making recommendations for establishing other ecomuseums in Taiwan.

  5. PLAN DE MARKETING PARA EL HOTEL CARRIZAL INN

    National Research Council Canada - National Science Library

    Ángel Guillermo Félix Mendoza; Danny Daniel Cobeña López; Lisbeth Alexandra Párraga Muñoz; Lorena Carreño Mendoza

    2015-01-01

    ... de diagnóstico de fortalezas, oportunidades, debilidades y amenazas. En el estudio de mercado se analizaron los componentes de oferta y demanda del hotel, se determinaron algunas fallas en la denominación...

  6. Could You Spot Bed Bugs in A Hotel Room?

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... report saying it had bed bugs. "From a hotel industry perspective, it's worrisome that a single online report of bed bugs would cause the majority of travelers to book different accommodations, ... eradicated." Dermatologist Dr. Carrie Kovarik, an associate ...

  7. Antecedents of Hotel Profitability: Empirical Evidence from Belgrade

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Miloš Milosavljević

    2016-04-01

    Full Text Available Tourism and hospitality have received an immense attention from scholars, policy holders, decision makers and other important stakeholders in Belgrade, a main tourist destination of Serbia. The aim of this paper is to determine the main drivers of profit margins in the hotel sector in Belgrade. A particular aim is to explore the effects of variables – size, market concentration, and market share and customer satisfaction – on hotel profit margins. The study analyzed the secondary reliable sources. The data were analyzed with correlations and regressions. The results indicate that customer perception is a paramount factor driving the financial performance of hotels. These findings could be useful to scholars and practitioners interested in business performances of Belgrade hotels.

  8. Occupational Programs for the Restaurant/Hotel Business

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hoenninger, Ronald W.; Riegel, Carl D.

    1978-01-01

    Describes the development of a Hotel and Restaurant Management Program, designed to provide career training, develop educational opportunities, and provide a forum through which the continuing education needs of the local hospitality industry could be assessed and evaluated. (TP)

  9. Hotelli Palace**** renoveerimine = Renovation of the hotel Palace**** / Argo Vaikla

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Vaikla, Argo, 1966-

    2015-01-01

    Hotell Palace Tallinnas Vabaduse väljak 3, valminud 2014. Hoone rekonstrueerimisprojekt Reet Valk (AB Reet Valk), sisearhitektid Katrin Vaikla, Argo Vaikla, Mari-Liis Süld, Riin Luuk. 2014. aasta Kultuurkapitali Arhitektuuripreemia kandidaat

  10. Price, exclusivity and luxury: Exploring London's luxury hotels

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    2016-07-11

    licenses/by/4.0) ... industries are cataloguing their products around high price to capitalise on greater revenues and profits. ... London luxury hotel industry has and continues to grow, yet. Slattery (2012) insists prices for rooms ...

  11. Hotel quality in the European Capital of Culture: Leeuwarden 2018

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    For the purpose of benchmarking. Leeuwarden hotels' overall perceived quality ... hospitality and welcome programmes (both in the public and private sectors) available in the city (European Commission. ECOC, 2014). Hospitality is one of the ...

  12. Hotel Overbooking and Cooperation with Third-Party Websites

    National Research Council Canada - National Science Library

    Yufeng Dong; Liuyi Ling

    2015-01-01

    .... This paper discusses pricing and overbooking strategies of a hotel in the context of cooperation with multiple third-party websites and analyzes how these strategies influence the cooperation process...

  13. DEVELOPMENT OF LOYALTY PROGRAMMES IN THE HOTEL INDUSTRY

    National Research Council Canada - National Science Library

    Marina Laskarin

    2013-01-01

    .... This paper will look at the basic tenets of loyalty programs in the hotel industry, the methods of keeping records about guests, and the necessity of creating, structuring and managing guest database...

  14. MACROECONOMIC ENVIRONMENT AND GREENFIELD FOREIGN DIRECT INVESTMENT OF HOTEL BRANDS

    National Research Council Canada - National Science Library

    Joze Peric; Maja Niksic Radic

    2016-01-01

    .... The purpose of the study is to assess the macroeconomic environment, the effects of greenfield FDI in tourism and, consequently, the presence of global hotel brands using the comparative analysis...

  15. Dynamic room pricing model for hotel revenue management systems

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Heba Abdel Aziz

    2011-11-01

    Full Text Available This paper addresses the problem of room pricing in hotels. We propose a hotel revenue management model based on dynamic pricing to provide hotel managers with a flexible and efficient decision support tool for room revenue maximization. The two pillars of the proposed framework are a novel optimization model, and a multi-class scheme similar to the one implemented in airlines. Our hypothesis is that this framework can overcome the limitations associated with the research gaps in pricing literature; and can also contribute significantly in increasing the revenue of hotels. We test this hypothesis on three different approaches, and the results show an increase in revenue compared to the classical model used in literature.

  16. Authentic Leadership and its Consequences in a Hotel Restaurant Context

    National Research Council Canada - National Science Library

    Sae Mi Lee;Keum Ja Lim;Eric Swanson;Dae Hwan Park;Yong Ki Lee

    2016-01-01

    This paper examines the effect of authentic leadership on leader trust, organizational identification, job performance, and employee loyalty within the context of a food-and beverage department in a hotel...

  17. Briti hotell Dunkri tänavas / Piret Tali

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Tali, Piret, 1972-

    2005-01-01

    Liisi Murula ja Raili Nõlvaku kujundatud hotell Merchants House, restoran KN Cayenne, baar Ice Bar ja kohvik Cafe Time Tallinnas. Kasutatud ka tekstiilikunstnik Ülle Raadiku ja klaasikunstnik Rait Partsi töid. Valgustite autor ehtekunstnik Katrin Sipelgas

  18. ASPECTS OF ROMANIAN MARKETING ENVIRONMENT FOR INTERNATIONAL HOTEL CHAINS

    National Research Council Canada - National Science Library

    Smaranda Adina COSMA; Cristina FLESERIU; Marius BOTA; Alexandru NEDELEA

    2015-01-01

    .... Because of that, is very important for a hotel and especially for one that belongs to an international chain to analyse the micro and macro environment, to know exactly which are the opportunities...

  19. Services Strategy and Hotels Performance: Evidence from Mures County

    National Research Council Canada - National Science Library

    Flavia Dana Oltean

    2013-01-01

    .... Within this field of activity, the hotel industry is one of the most representative and dynamic elements, generated by the relation with environment through the products and services that they supply...

  20. HOTEL SERVICE, ASSUMPTION AND STARTER OF THE TOURISM DEVELOPMENT

    National Research Council Canada - National Science Library

    Daliborka Blazeska; Vladanka Davkovska; Dejan Nakovski

    2016-01-01

    ... its national tourism product. This paper pays special attention to the hotel service and the staff which are its inevitable and irreplaceable factor, and on which depends the guest satisfaction...

  1. PENERAPAN HYGIENE DAN SANITASI DI PASTRY HOTEL HILTON BANDUNG

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Verena Widya Pertiwi

    2016-05-01

    Full Text Available Abstract - Application of hygiene and sanitation in Hilton Hotel Bandung is important thing to note in the process of implementation. This is done to prevent food contamination of food that cab be caused by several factors such as, human, work area, kitchen utensil, material strorage systems and product. Because of this determination of standarts personal hygiene, area and utensil must be done correcly so that each product is safe for consumption. Authors on the basis of these issues are very keen to examine and make a final project with the title “application of hygiene and sanitation in the Hilton Hotel Bandung”. Research carried out by several methode of observation, interview and the latter is the study of documents. The research was conducted at the Hilton Hotel Bandung, for 6 months. The study was conducted as one of the requiremants for the final session of college exams Bina Sarana Informatika university Bandung. Based on the result of research and discussion conducted, authors concluded that the presence of load application staandard of hygiene and sanitation in hotel can improve the standard of health, hygiene and quality of a product when it is done in accordance with existing procedures. Key word : Hygiene and sanitation pastry hotel. Abstraksi - Penerapan hygiene dan sanitasi di Hotel Hilton Bandung merupakan upaya penting yang harus diperhatikan dalam proses pelaksanannya. Hal ini dilakukan untuk mencegah terjadinya kontaminasi makanan yang dapat disebabkan oleh beberapa faktor seperti manusia, area kerja, peralatan, sistem penyimpanan bahan dan produk. Penentuan standar kebersihan personal, area kerja maupun peralatan harus dilakukan dengan tepat dan benar agar setiap produk yang dihasilkan oleh bagian pastry hotel aman untuk dikonsumsi. Atas dasar persoalan di atas penulis sangat tertarik untuk menelitinya dan membuat tugas akhir dengan judul “ Penerapan Hygiene dan Sanitasi di Hotel Hilton Bandung ”. Metode penelitian

  2. Employee's Motivation to work in a Hotel Industry

    OpenAIRE

    Kimambo, Brenda

    2015-01-01

    This thesis reviews the employee motivation in hotel Industry with special focus on Karafuu Beach Resort and Spa. The survey for this study is conducted with the stuff this facility. The study also examines what motivates e people to work in the hotel sector. Further, the study tries to understand how important motivation is for workers in this sector. More so, this study examines the degree of impact motivation has on employees in this sector. Various studies have established that motivati...

  3. A study of workplace satisfaction among hotel employees

    OpenAIRE

    Skeie, Thomas

    2011-01-01

    This research paper is a descriptive case study of 10 hotel employees collected through in-depth interviews in Stavanger region. The study is focusing on hotel employee’s view of workplace satisfaction and what they think contributes to workplace satisfaction. The study indicates that organizational culture, fair treatment, stress, salary, communication, relationship between co-workers is factors among others which influence employee’s workplace satisfaction. The researcher has looked at prev...

  4. HOSPITALITY MANAGEMENT : Impact of internship on hotel operation

    OpenAIRE

    Sharma, Pankaj Diyas

    2012-01-01

    The primary objective of this thesis was to develop and promote internship. Internship is the way to help student to get acquainted with what they had did in their school days. Internship can be very useful to utilize time, get practical knowledge. Additionally, this study was directed towards following specific objectives; to analyse the effectiveness of the involvement of hotel management education in the hotel operation during the study period. This thesis illustrates the role of inter...

  5. EXPATRIATE HOTEL MANAGERS' PERSPECTIVE ON CROSS-CULTURAL SKILLS

    OpenAIRE

    Iorgulescu, Maria-Cristina; Anamaria Sidonia RĂVAR

    2014-01-01

    The globalization and expansion of multinationals has led to various studies on expatriation management, but literature regarding this issue in the hotel industry is still scarce, especially in Romania. Expatriates are critical to the success of this particular industry, as more and more hotel chains operate beyond their domestic domains and intend to enter inclusively in the Romanian market. The study presented in this article uses a qualitative research method intended to discover the persp...

  6. Eco Awareness among Hotels in Terengganu: Cases of Redang Island

    OpenAIRE

    Sairah Saien; Khazainah Khalid; Mushaireen Musa; Faliza Mahamed Ali; Jazira Anuar

    2012-01-01

    This study looks into the environmental management practices among hotels operating in Terengganu specifically in Redang Island. Hospitality industry nowadays has gained significant momentum in going green. Hotels and resorts around the world are going green and becoming more environmentally friendly because customers are seeking it and even requiring it. An investigation of the interest, understanding and perceived opportunities and barriers to the adoption of such practices was carried out ...

  7. Sustainable Tourism A case study: Klaus K Hotel Helsinki

    OpenAIRE

    Gautam, Narayan

    2017-01-01

    This Bachelor`s thesis titled “Sustainable Tourism a Case Study Klaus K Hotel” attempts to focus on a contemporary view point of sustainability in the industry, hotel industry in particular with the help of Klaus K hotel being its case to study. This study offers lots of information on sustainability and is a source of information both for students and professionals. The work is compiled after going through various books, articles, journal, web pages, speech, interviews and observation. T...

  8. Locational Strategies of International Hotel Corporations in Eastern Central Europe

    OpenAIRE

    Johnson,Colin; Dembinski, Paul; Vanetti, Maurizio

    2004-01-01

    This study investigated expansion strategies of international hotel operators in Eastern Central Europe. Due to the growing importance of services in economic development, there is an impressive body of knowledge on the process of internationalization and service industries. The last comprehensive academic study on internationalization and the hotel industry was undertaken at the beginning of the 1990’s, however, and we believed that with the major changes impacting upon the industry due to t...

  9. Employees’ Organizational Commitment Challenges - a Hotel Industry Perspective

    OpenAIRE

    Carmen Arustei

    2013-01-01

    Hotel industry is confronted with some challenges induced by changing customers’ requirements and by a competitive environment. In this context, front-line employees are a very important determinant of organizational performance. Researchers suggested that organizational performance can be achieved through employee organizational commitment (OC) development. This is the reason why this paper aims to explore employees’ level of OC components from hotel chains, considering a variety of independ...

  10. New Developments in Tourism and Hotel Demand Modeling and Forecasting

    OpenAIRE

    D. Wu; Song, H; Shen, S.

    2017-01-01

    Abstract Purpose The purpose of the study is to review recent studies published from 2007-2015 on tourism and hotel demand modeling and forecasting with a view to identifying the emerging topics and methods studied and to pointing future research directions in the field. Design/Methodology/approach Articles on tourism and hotel demand modeling and forecasting published in both science citation index (SCI) and social science citation index (SSCI) journals were identified and analyzed. Findings...

  11. LOGISTIC ORGANIZATION OFTHE HOTEL BUSINESS: THEORETICAL AND METHODOLOGICAL ASPECT

    OpenAIRE

    Zakharova Rimma Mkrtichevna

    2012-01-01

    The urgency of discussed in the article problematic aspects in logistic organization of functioning of the hotel business is conditioned by the increase of the reasons and factors that stimulate the need to expand the practice of logistic management of services in the scope of hotel sector which is characterized by the high level of concentration of services flow which differ from each other due to differentiation of demand in this market. The article contains a conceptual synthesis of theore...

  12. OPPORTUNITIES FOR TOURISM DEVELOPMENT IN A MOUNTAIN HOTEL

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Elena Dimitrova

    2016-09-01

    Full Text Available The paper makes study of conditions and opportunities for development of tourism in a typical mountain hotel in Bulgaria, presenting conditions and resources for diverse tourism practices and an analysis of potential markets and competitors. Through the example of Ecohotel "Zdravets" situated in the Rhodope Mountains, the study highlights the importance and shares a good example in the management of a mountain hotel near to a large administrative and cultural center.

  13. How to create loyal visitors in hotel businesses

    OpenAIRE

    Bertilsson, Maria; Persson, Björn

    2011-01-01

    The purpose of this research paper is to provide an understanding for organizational factors effect on Customer Relationship Management (CRM) in the hotel business and then investigate CRM activities effect on loyalty among business travelers. An analysis of 163 questionnaires gathered from hotels in Sweden resulted in two main findings. (1) Organizational factors such as: size, strategy, and maturity of information system affect CRM activities where the development of a customer loyalty stra...

  14. Hotel Chains and the Sharing Economy in Global Tourism

    OpenAIRE

    Daniela M. Salvioni

    2016-01-01

    The global tourism industry has experienced steady growth in recent years. In this context, the sharing economy has changed the rules of global tourism, developing multi-sided technology platforms for the provision of hospitality with a range comparable to that of major hotel groups. The sharing economy is an emergent economic-technological phenomenon fostered by developments in ICT, considered both a disruptive innovation and a competitive threat to hotel companies. Accommodation sharing mod...

  15. Hotel Classification Systems: A Comparison of International Case Studies

    OpenAIRE

    Roberta Minazzi,

    2010-01-01

    Over the last few decades we have witnessed an increasing interest of scholars and especially operators in service quality in the lodging business. Firstly, it is important to observe that the diverseness of the hospitality industry also affects the classification of hotel quality. We can actually find many programmes, classifications and seals of quality promoted by public authorities and private companies that create confusion in the consumer perceptions of hotel quality. Moreover, new elec...

  16. Research on the Hotel Image Based on the Detail Service

    Science.gov (United States)

    Li, Ban; Shenghua, Zheng; He, Yi

    Detail service management, initially developed as marketing programs to enhance customer loyalty, has now become an important part of customer relation strategy. This paper analyzes the critical factors of detail service and its influence on the hotel image. We establish the theoretical model of influencing factors on hotel image and propose corresponding hypotheses. We use applying statistical method to test and verify the above-mentioned hypotheses. This paper provides a foundation for further study of detail service design and planning issues.

  17. Antecedents dari Brand Equity pada Hotel Santika di Bsd Tangerang

    OpenAIRE

    Susiati, Asriani

    2013-01-01

    This study refers to previous studies, by kevin kam Fung So and Ceridwyn King (2009). The background of this research was to prove the management approaches that brand equity as the key assets for hotel industries and provide brand manger hotel to evaluate brand equity as an outcome brand strategies. The objectives of this research was : (a) the positive effect of company's presented brand to brand awareness, (b) the positive effect of company's presented brand to brand meaning, (c) the posit...

  18. Perceived importance of attributes on hotel guests' repeat visit intentions

    OpenAIRE

    Emir, Oktay; Metin KOZAK

    2011-01-01

    Based on the empirical evidence in the related literature, we can emphasize that customer satisfaction and repeat patronage in the hotel industry has been well researched. Over the past two decades, many researchers as well as businesses have conducted surveys on visitors' satisfaction in order to measure customer perceptions of quality attributes of hotel or hospitality services. However, there is a lack of research paying attention to the empirical investigation of the self-perceived direct...

  19. A QFD and SERVQUAL Approach to Hotel Service Design

    OpenAIRE

    Ikiz, Aysun Kapucugil; Masoudi, Ali

    2008-01-01

    Current challenges facing the hotel service providers, such as “high customer demands on quality”, “increasing competition for high customer satisfaction” and “the demand for full services”, are directly related to better understand the attributes of hotel services and improve the service design characteristics accordingly. In service quality literature, SERVQUAL is the most widely used structure to measure customer expectations and perceptions. Quality Function Deployment (QFD) method is als...

  20. Evaluating the Performance of Taiwan Homestay Using Analytic Network Process

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Yi-Chung Hu

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available Homestay industry in Taiwan is not only thriving, but also its operation is moving gradually toward elaboration strategy and in a specialized-operation manner these years. Nevertheless, the evaluation frameworks of the earlier studies were sporadically constructed from an overall perspective of homestays. Moreover, the functions, operational model, and natures of homestays are dissimilar to those of hotels; therefore, if the evaluation criteria of homestays employ the ones of hotels, it would appear to be incoherent and incompatible. This study has accordingly developed and constructed a set of evaluation indicators tailor-made for homestay sector through discussion of literatures and interviewing experts so that the evaluation framework would be more comprehensive and more practical. In the process of interviewing experts, it was discovered that dependences lay on the aspects and criteria. Consequently, this research chose the ANP (analytic network process to get the weights and, further, to acquire the homestay business performance through fuzzy theory. The result reveals, as regards key aspects, homestay proprietors and customer groups both weight the surroundings of the building and features, service quality, operation, and management most. In respect to overall homestay performance, customer groups consider it has reached the satisfactory level.

  1. Energy efficiency assessment for the Antalya Region hotels in Turkey

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Oenuet, S.; Soner, S. [Yildiz Technical University, Mechanical Faculty, Istanbul (Turkey)

    2006-07-01

    The hotels in the Antalya Region of Turkey have become a major consumer of energy, water and other resources. However, at present, there are no existing guidelines for the efficient use and management of these resources. Energy management includes increasing in profitability due to the reduced operational costs and it is also a potential for improved market share. Many different evaluation models have been published in energy management literature. However there have been not so many systematic approaches to compare the relative efficiency of the systems. Data envelopment analysis is a special linear programming model for deriving the comparative efficiency of multiple-input multiple-output decision-making units. An evaluation of energy efficiency in 32 five-star hotels in the Antalya Region has been carried out and the results are discussed in this paper. According to this study eight hotels are efficient and twenty-four hotels are inefficient. Also for these 24 inefficient hotels, ideal energy consumptions (electricity, water and liquefied petroleum gas consumptions) are proposed to become efficient these hotels. In this study data envelopment analysis models are evaluated by using a linear programming package LINGO 5.0. (author)

  2. Energy efficiency assessment for the Antalya Region hotels in Turkey

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Onut, S.; Soner, S. [Yildiz Technical Univ., Istanbul (Turkey). Mechanical Faculty

    2006-08-15

    The hotels in the Antalya Region of Turkey have become a major consumer of energy, water and other resources. However, at present, there are no existing guidelines for the efficient use and management of these resources. Energy management includes increasing in profitability due to the reduced operational costs and it is also a potential for improved market share. Many different evaluation models have been published in energy management literature. However there have been not so many systematic approaches to compare the relative efficiency of the systems. Data envelopment analysis is a special linear programming model for deriving the comparative efficiency of multiple-input multiple-output decision-making units. An evaluation of energy efficiency in 32 five-star hotels in the Antalya Region has been carried out and the results are discussed in this paper. According to this study eight hotels are efficient and twenty-four hotels are inefficient. Also for these 24 inefficient hotels, ideal energy consumptions (electricity, water and liquefied petroleum gas consumptions) are proposed to make these hotels efficient. In this study data envelopment analysis models are evaluated by using a linear programming package LINGO 5.0. (author)

  3. Analysis of hotel enterprises competitiveness aspects in modern business

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Bogetić Srđan

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available In terms of global competition, which is characterized by constant improvement of existing and the emergence of new tourist destination, tourism is nowdays one of the initiators in development of the national economy. It is important to point out that the relation of tourists toward travelling changed with greater differentiation and the emergence of new market niches. The reason for this relationship lies in the fact that tourists, due to the greater application of information and communication technologies (ICT, have become very well informed about the tourist destinations they visit, their cultural and other facilities, as well as hotels and the services they offer. In order to meet the demands of their customers, hotel companies have to follow market trends and implement new management concepts into their business practices. Hotel companies today take into account not only their customers, but also the society in which they operate. The issue of sustainable development has become the sphere of interest for hotel companies, and they are paying a lot of attention to the following areas: environmental protection, waste management, application of clean technologies and the alike. The ICT applications have a significant role in hotel industries operations since they accelerate communication with customers and also reduce operating costs through the use of different software solutions for accommodation bookings. Nowdays, customers demand quick information and the use of the internet in hotels allows this service.

  4. Energy Performance of Hotel Buildings in Lijiang, China

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mingfang Tang

    2016-08-01

    Full Text Available The hotel industry in China has experienced rapid growth in the past ten years and made a considerable contribution to the global tourism economy. This paper focuses on the energy performance of hotel buildings in Lijiang, China. Hotel characteristics, daily operational data, and energy use data were collected by carrying out a survey of 24 hotels. The average annual energy use intensity (EUI of four-, three-, two-, and one-star rated hotels was 180.8 kWh/m2, 113.3 kWh/m2, 74.2 kWh/m2, and 70.2 kWh/m2, respectively. Electricity, as the dominant energy source, accounted for 81% of total energy consumption and was used in the operation of air conditioning, lighting, heating, etc. Pearson correlations between EUI showed that hotel star rating, number of guest rooms, room revenue, and number of workers gave a reasonably strong correlation. A regression-based benchmarking model was established to predict EUI, and a standardization process of EUI was illustrated by statistical analysis.

  5. Seismic Observations in the Taipei Metropolitan Area Using the Downhole Network

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Win-Gee Huang

    2010-01-01

    Full Text Available Underlain by soft soils, the Taipei Metropolitan Area (TMA experienced major damage due to ground-motion amplification during the Hualien earthquake of 1986, the Chi-Chi earthquake of 1999, the Hualien earthquake of 2002 and the Taitung earthquake of 2003. To study how a local site can substantially change the characteristics of seismic waves as they pass through soft deposits below the free surface, two complementary downhole seismic arrays have been operated in the TMA, since 1991 and 2008. The accelerometer downhole array is composed of eight boreholes at depths in excess of 300 meters. The downhole array velocity sensor collocated with accelerometer composed of four boreholes at depths up to 90 meters. The integrated seismic network monitors potential earthquakes originating from faults in and around the TMA and provides wide-dynamic range measurement of data ranging in amplitude from seismic background noise levels to damage levels as a result of shaking. The data sets can be used to address on the response of soft-soil deposits to ground motions. One of the major considerations is the nonlinear response of soft soil deposits at different levels of excitation. The collocated acceloerometer and velocity sensors at boreholes give the necessary data for studies of non-linearity to be acquired. Such measurements in anticipation of future large, damaging earthquakes will be of special importance for the mitigation of earthquake losses.

  6. ROLE OF COLOR TO SUPPORT THE ACHIEVEMENT OF RELAXATION IN BUSSINES HOTEL (CASE STUDIES OF BUSINESS HOTEL IN SEMARANG

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Adel Issa Elsosan

    2015-12-01

    Full Text Available Semarang sebagai pusat bisnis dan pariwisata di Jawa Tengah memberikan kesempatan bagi investor untuk berinvestasi di Semarang. Akhir-akhir ini bisnis perhotelan di Kota Semarang menunjukkan prospek cerah. Hal ini dapat dilihat dari meningkatnya jumlah wisatawan yang menginap di hotel. Salah satu alasannya adalah banyak kegiatan seperti pertemuan yang diselenggarakan oleh instansi pemerintah, baik lokal maupun nasional, yang diselenggarakan di kota Semarang. Berdasarkan hasil survei awal, sebagian besar hotel di Semarang masih minim fasilitas dan tidak berlaku pentingnya pelaksanaan warna bagi pengunjung. Studi tentang peran warna untuk mencapai relaksasi ini penting karena jika relaksasi mencapai sehingga manusia dapat membuat lebih konsentrasi dan merasa menyegarkan. Tujuan dari penelitian ini adalah: Studi tentang bagaimana warna mempengaruhi dalam penciptaan relaksasi di hotel bisnis di Semarang. Sampel penelitian diarahkan ke hotel menggunakan warna dingin dan hotel warna hangat di Semarang. Metode analisis yang digunakan adalah analisis deskriptif. Berdasarkan hasil dan analisis, kesimpulan dalam penelitian ini adalah: (1 Warna dalam menciptakan relaksasi sangat penting bagi responden dan kedua warna dingin dan warna hangat dapat membuat dan menciptakan relaksasi. (2 Hal-hal yang mempengaruhi pemilihan warna untuk meningkatkan bisnis hotel adalah tujuan untuk tinggal di hotel, pertimbangan ini untuk bekerja dan nilai pribadi seperti liburan, juga relaksasi. [Title: Role of Color to Support The Achievement of Relaxation in Bussines Hotel (Case Studies of Business Hotel in Semarang] Semarang as a business and tourism hub in Central Java provides an opportunity for investors to invest in Semarang. Lately the hospitality business in the city of Semarang show bright prospects. It can be seen from the increasing number of tourists who stay at the hotel. One reason is that many activities such as meetings held by government agencies, both local

  7. Enhancing Georgetown’s Heritage Boutique Hotel Marketing Strategies: The Case of 1881 Chong Tian Cultural Hotel, Malaysia

    OpenAIRE

    Noor N Kader Ali; Naj R Roslan; Amalina Mahmood; Malini Venugopal

    2015-01-01

    Organizations has longed been searching for an effective problem identification tool. This study provides an improved method to root-cause analysis tool for practitioners, integrating mixed method research with problems identification technique. It also discovers the primary causes to  unfavorable performance for heritage boutique hoteliers. 1881 Chong Tian Cultural Hotel, one of the 18 heritage boutique hotels in Penang, reported a 23% financial loss in 2010, recovered in 2011, yield some pr...

  8. Unscrambling The "Average User" Of Habbo Hotel

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mikael Johnson

    2007-01-01

    Full Text Available The “user” is an ambiguous concept in human-computer interaction and information systems. Analyses of users as social actors, participants, or configured users delineate approaches to studying design-use relationships. Here, a developer’s reference to a figure of speech, termed the “average user,” is contrasted with design guidelines. The aim is to create an understanding about categorization practices in design through a case study about the virtual community, Habbo Hotel. A qualitative analysis highlighted not only the meaning of the “average user,” but also the work that both the developer and the category contribute to this meaning. The average user a represents the unknown, b influences the boundaries of the target user groups, c legitimizes the designer to disregard marginal user feedback, and d keeps the design space open, thus allowing for creativity. The analysis shows how design and use are intertwined and highlights the developers’ role in governing different users’ interests.

  9. Program Corporate Social Responsibility di Industri Hotel: Sebuah Keuntungan atau Kerugian untuk Hotel

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Maria Pia Adiati

    2012-05-01

    Full Text Available A word of CSR which stands for Corporate Social Responsibility is now becoming popular and more often many companies insert the CSR activities into its company profile. CSR has another different names such as Social Activity or Sustainability Development. CSR program according to wikipedia ia an organization or company has a responsibility to its customer, employees, share holders, community and environment in every aspect involved in company operasional. In the management science, there is a level whereas it is called social responsibility or it is just social obligation. Many opinions argues that CSR program will reduce the profit of the respected company. But many opinions denies the previous argue by saying the CSR program is a long term program profit gain since the short term result is good public image. The good public image will lead the loyalti of customer to keep using the product or service from the hotel. The customer loyalti also affected by the customer’s opinion, if they involves in the social activities held by the hotel, they also participate in a social activity.

  10. Sustainability Commitment, New Competitors’ Presence, and Hotel Performance: The Hotel Industry in Barcelona

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Juan Pedro Aznar

    2016-08-01

    Full Text Available The hospitality industry is facing major challenges, among them the new competition from novel forms of supply in the sharing economy. Airbnb, Homeaway, and Niumba, among other websites offering accommodations, are having an important impact in the sector, changing existing conditions and the market for the traditional hospitality industry. In this context, a strategy based in differentiation can help to prevent drops in revenues and profitability. The main objective of this paper is analyse if commitment towards sustainability has a positive impact on financial performance and can be considered a positive strategy in this new environment. The empirical data refer to a sample of hotels in Barcelona, one of the most important tourist cities in Europe. Our results suggest that there is no clear relationship between sustainability and better financial performance; however, sustainability commitment is associated with a minimum size, which can also have positive effects in terms of economies of scale and finally affect profitability. Hotels more committed to environmental issues are located in areas with a lower density of Airbnb apartments, and this geographical distribution can be more positive than a situation of massive tourist concentration in specific areas with negative externalities for neighbours.

  11. DIRECTION OF INVESTMENTS AND SOURCES OF FUNDING ON HOTEL MARKET IN POLAND

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Anna Semmerling

    2016-06-01

    Full Text Available Hotel market in Poland is related to trends on touristic market. This sector is developing dynamically, in Poland as in the whole world. In the years 2001-2014 numbers of hotels in Poland increased double. Most of new hotels are 4 and 5 stars. Important for new objects is building conference centres and SPA, which makes touristic season longer. Main source of finances hotel investments in Poland are own sources and EU funds. Crucial importance is the franchise. Forecasts for hotel market are really great. Till 2017 the count of tourists, who take advantage of hotels, should still increase.

  12. On protection of employee rights and interests in management of tourist hotel in China

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ren Yun

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available With the rapid development of the tourist hotel, the hotel has many problems in the protection of employee rights and interests. To enhance the importance that hotel managers attach to the protection of em-ployee’s rights and interests, and strengthen the hotel employees’ consciousness in rights protection, this paper regards the China’s tourist hotel employees as research objects, discusses the problems and causes in the process of protecting the tourist hotel employee rights and interests, and proposes solutions with the basic idea of “dis-covering, analyzing and solving problems”.

  13. Real-world evaluation of compliance and preference in Alzheimer’s disease treatment: an observational study in Taiwan 

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Lai TH

    2016-03-01

    Full Text Available Tzu-Hsien Lai,1,2,* Wen-Fu Wang,3,* Bak-Sau Yip,4 Yu-Wan Yang,5 Giia-Sheun Peng,6 Shih-Jei Tsai,7,8 Yi-Chu Liao,9 Ming-Chyi Pai10,111Section of Neurology, Department of Internal Medicine, Far Eastern Memorial Hospital, New Taipei, 2Department of Neurology, National Yang-Ming University School of Medicine, Taipei, 3Department of Neurology, Changhua Christian Hospital, Changhua, 4Department of Neurology, National Taiwan University Hospital Hsin-Chu Branch, Hsinchu, 5Department of Neurology, China Medical University Hospital, Taichung, 6Department of Neurology, Tri-Service General Hospital, National Defense Medical Center, Taipei, 7Department of Neurology, Chung Shan Medical University Hospital, Taichung, 8School of Medicine, Chung Shan Medical University, Taichung, 9Department of Neurology, Neurological Institute, Taipei Veterans General Hospital, Taipei, 10Division of Behavioral Neurology, Department of Neurology, 11Alzheimer’s Disease Research Center, National Cheng Kung University Hospital, College of Medicine, National Cheng Kung University, Tainan City, Taiwan *These authors contributed equally to this workPurpose: Among the medications approved for Alzheimer’s disease (AD, rivastigmine is the only one available as transdermal patch. The aim of this study was to evaluate compliance and caregivers’ preference with oral and transdermal (rivastigmine monotherapy in patients with mild-to-moderate AD from Taiwan.Methods: Real-world Evaluation of Compliance And Preference in Alzheimer’s disease treatment (RECAP in Taiwan was a prospective, noninterventional, observational study with a 24-week (±8 weeks observational period for each participant. Eligible patients were grouped into one of the two treatment cohorts based on the baseline AD therapy: oral (donepezil, galantamine, rivastigmine, or memantine or transdermal (rivastigmine patch. The primary end points were caregiver preference and caregiver assessment of patients’ compliance to

  14. Hotel Polynesian Village Florida- (EE.UU.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Welton Becket y Asociados, Arquitectos

    1974-06-01

    Full Text Available This hotel unit with 500 rooms is located in a beautiful plot situated along the beach of a laguna in Disneyland, Florida. It consists of 10 individual pavilions, two units with two stories and six with three stories, in addition to a main building with two stories —offices, W.C.s, bar shops, banquet halls, etc.— and a monorail station connected with the covered passages, and with a view of the beautiful horizon that reminds one of the South Sea in the last century. The building for the guests is formed by metal structure modules of 9.10 x 4.50 x 2.70 m, that are placed on top of each other. Each one weighs 7 t and they are all completely equipped.Este conjunto hotelero, de 500 habitaciones, se halla enclavado en un hermoso solar situado a lo largo de la playa de una laguna del Mundo de Walt Disney, en Florida. Consta de diez pabellones individuales, dos unidades de dos plantas y seis de tres alturas, además de un edificio principal de dos plantas —oficinas, servicios, bar, tiendas, salones de banquetes, etc.— y una estación del monorraíl enlazada con los paseos cubiertos con vistas al bello horizonte, que recuerda el de los Mares del Sur, en el siglo pasado. Los edificios para huéspedes están formados por módulos de 9,14 X 4,57 X 2,74 m, con estructura metálica, que se colocan uno sobre otro. Cada uno pesa 7 t y van completamente equipados con todas sus instalaciones necesarias.

  15. Hospitalizations among employees in the Danish hotel and restaurant industry.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hannerz, Harald; Tüchsen, Finn; Kristensen, Tage S

    2002-09-01

    The aim of the present study was to provide a broad picture of the morbidity among employees in the Danish hotel and restaurant industry. Cohorts of all 20-59-year-old employees in the Danish hotel and restaurant industry in the years 1981, 1986, 1991 and 1994 were formed to calculate age-standardized hospitalization ratios (SHR) and time trends (1981-1997) for many different diagnoses. Both for women and men, significantly higher SHRs were found for infectious and parasitic diseases, neoplasms, diseases in the nervous system and sense organs, diseases of the circulatory system, diseases of the respiratory system, diseases of the digestive system and diseases of the musculoskeletal system among employees in hotels and restaurants than in the digestive system and diseases of the musculoskeletal system among employees in hotels and restaurants than in the working population at large. Furthermore, among women a significantly elevated risk was found for injuries in the lower extremities, injuries in the upper extremities and head injuries, and among men a high risk was found for head injuries and a low risk for ruptures in ligaments and muscles. The trend assessments did not detect any significant changes in SHRs over time. Employment in the Danish hotel and restaurant industry is associated with an elevated hospitalization risk due to many diseases, which may be related to occupation and lifestyle. In line with the official policy of reducing inequality in health, focus should be placed on the health problems in this group.

  16. Design guidelines for energy-efficient hotels in Nepal

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Susanne Bodach

    2016-12-01

    Full Text Available It is predicted that the major increase in energy consumption and, thus, carbon emissions, will happen in the developing world. However, in most developing countries the knowledge about energy efficiency, particularly in the building sector, is quite low. Strategies developed for industrialised countries might not be suitable or must be adapted for the very different context of developing countries. This research aims to find energy-efficient and cost-effective building design options for the case of Nepal. Energy-efficient building design is a non-trivial issue involving a number of interdependent design criteria. Particularly, in composite climates, passive design strategies might conflict each other leading to an inefficient building design. This paper explores the energy conservation potential in hotel design for all bioclimatic zones of Nepal using building energy simulation with parametric analysis. Based on extensive field studies, reference models for typical hotel buildings ranging from small-scale resort hotels to large-scale multi-storey hotels were developed. These reference designs were optimised by varying design parameters such as window-to-wall ratio, glazing material, shading devices, glazing type and insulation levels. During the design optimisation, energy demand as well as cost effectiveness were evaluated. Finally, recommendations for energy-efficient and cost-effective hotel design solutions were suggested. In addition, the bioclimatic zoning for Nepal was consolidated leading to five elevation-based zones that can be used to introduce building energy regulations in the future.

  17. Space-Hotel Early Bird - Visions for a Commercial Space Hotel

    Science.gov (United States)

    Amekrane, R.; Holze, C.; Apel, U.

    2002-01-01

    rachid.amekrane@astrium-space.com/Fax: +49 421 539-24801, cholze@zarm.uni-bremen.de/Fax: +49 421 218-7473, The International Space Station was planed for research purposes. In 2001 the first private man, Denis Tito,visited the ISS and the second private man, Mark Shuttleworth is following him. The gate towards the commercial utilization of manned space flight has been pushed open. Space pioneers as Wernher von Braun and Sir Arthur C. Clarke had the dream that one day a space station in earth orbit will host tourists. It is evident that the ISS is not designed to host tourists. Therefore the dream of the pioneers is still open. By asking the question "how should a space station should look like to host tourists?", the German Aerospace Society DGLR e.V. organized a contest under the patronage of Mr. Joerg Feustel-Buechl, the Director of Manned Spaceflight and Microgravity, European Space Agency (ESA) in April 2001. Because the definition and design of living space is the content of architecture the approach was to gather new ideas from young architects in cooperation with space experts. This contest was directed at students of architecture and the task set was to design a hotel for the earth orbit and to accommodate 220 guests. The contest got the name "Early Bird - Visions of a Space Hotel". The results and models of the student's work were shown in an exhibition in Hamburg/Germany, which was open to the public from September 19th till October 20th 2001. During the summer term of 2001 seventeen designs were completed. Having specialists, as volunteers, in the field of space in charge meant that it could be ensured that the designs reflected a certain possibility of being able to be realized. Within this interdisciplinary project both parties learned from each other. The 17 different designs were focused on the expectations and needs of a future space tourist. The designs are for sure not feasible today, but the designs are in that sense realistic that they could be

  18. The Impact of Green Space Changes on Air Pollution and Microclimates: A Case Study of the Taipei Metropolitan Area

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Hsiao-Lan Liu

    2014-12-01

    Full Text Available In order to achieve a sustainable urban environment, the increase of green space areas is commonly used as a planning tool and adaptation strategy to combat environmental impacts resulting from global climate change and urbanization. Therefore, it is important to understand the change of green space areas and the derived impacts from the change. This research firstly applied space analysis and landscape ecology metrics to analyze the structure change of the pattern of green space area within the Taipei Metropolitan Area. Then, partial least squares were used to identify the consequences on microclimate and air pollution pattern caused by the changing pattern of green space areas within the districts of the Taipei Metropolitan Area. According to the analytical results, the green space area within Taipei Metropolitan Areas has decreased 1.19% from 1995 to 2007, but 93.19% of the green space areas have been kept for their original purposes. Next, from the landscape ecology metrics analysis, in suburban areas the linkages, pattern parameters, and space aggregation are all improving, and the fragmentation measure is also decreasing, but shape is becoming more complex. However, due to intensive land development in the city core, the pattern has becomes severely fragmented and decentralized causing the measures of the linkages and pattern parameters to decrease. The results from structural equation modeling indicate that the changing pattern of green space areas has great influences on air pollution and microclimate patterns. For instance, less air pollution, smaller rainfall patterns and cooler temperatures are associated with improvement in space aggregation, increasing the larger sized green space patch.

  19. Market Orientation Practices and Effects on Organizational Performance: Empirical Insight From Malaysian Hotel Industry

    National Research Council Canada - National Science Library

    Hilman, Haim; Kaliappen, Narentheren

    2014-01-01

    ...) customer orientation and performance in the context of hotels in Malaysia. Data were gathered through self-administrated mail questionnaires directed to the top- and middle-level managers of three- to five-star-rated hotels in Malaysia...

  20. FAKTOR FAKTOR YANG MEMPENGARUHI LAYANAN RESERVASI HOTEL DI PT. BALI MEGAH WISATA TOUR AND TRAVEL

    National Research Council Canada - National Science Library

    Si Gede Ngurah Bramantya Agustiano; I Made Kusuma Negara; I Wayan Suardana

    2016-01-01

    This study aims to determine the factors that influence hotel reservation service at Bali Megah Wisata Tour and Travel and a contributing factor dominant in hotel reservation service at Bali Megah Wisata Tour and Travel...

  1. POSSIBILITIES OF FINANCIAL SUPPORT TO SMALL AND MEDIUM HOTEL COMPANIES IN SERBIA

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Dragoljub Barjaktarovic

    2010-06-01

    Full Text Available Abstract:Small and medium hotel companies in the majority of developed tourist countries have dominant role in hotel industry. The same situation is with Serbia. An important precondition for successful business of a hotel is accepting and applying basic pillars of marketing concept i.e. satisfying needs and expectations of guests inorder to achieve profit. Small hotel companies have specific problems in their daily business. Top priority in management and surviving of hotels is cash, because fixed costs are very dominant so hotels earmark more resources for them than for marketing. This means higher engagement and involvement of the state in furtherdevelopment of small and medium hotel companies in Serbia. The state should provide favourable subsidized credit lines for small and medium hotel companies in Serbia, through appropriate support programmes.

  2. The relation between overall satisfaction and the variables of satisfaction in hospitality in hotels of excellence

    National Research Council Canada - National Science Library

    Pablo Flores Limberger; Francieli Boaria; Sara Joana Gadotti dos Anjos

    2014-01-01

    .... Thus, this research aimed to investigate the variables of satisfaction that influence the overall satisfaction in hotels of excellence and if there is difference between the influences depending on hotel typology...

  3. Space programs in Taiwan

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Lee, Lou-Chuang [Academia Sinica, Institute of Earth Sciences, 128, Sec. 2, Academia Road, Nangang, Taipei 115, Taiwan (China); Institute of Space Science, National Central University, 300, Jhongda Rd., Jhongli City, Taoyuan County 32001, Taiwan (China); Chang, Guey-Shin, E-mail: gschang@nspo.narl.org.tw [National Space Organization, 8F, 9 Prosperity 1st Rd., Hsinchu Science Park, Hsinchu 30078, Taiwan (China); Ting, Nan-Hong [National Applied Research Laboratories, 3F, 106, Sec. 2, Hepin East Rd., Taipei 10622, Taiwan (China)

    2013-10-15

    Taiwan's current and future space programs are briefly introduced in this paper. The National Space Organization (NSPO) in Taiwan has successfully carried out three satellite programs (FORMOSAT-1, 2, and 3) since its establishment in 1991. FORMOSAT-1 is a scientific satellite performing three scientific experiments for measuring the density, velocity and temperature of ionospheric plasmas, taking the ocean color image, and conducting Ka-band communication experiments. Equipped with a 2m ground resolution remote sensing instrument, FORMOSAT-2 operates in a sun-synchronous orbit with revisit time equal to one day. This unique feature of the daily revisit capability is significantly useful for post disaster assessment and environmental monitoring. FORMOSAT-2 also carries a scientific payload “Imager of Sprites and Upper Atmospheric Lightning (ISUAL)”. ISUAL provides the world's first long-term satellite observations on the lighting phenomenon in the earth's upper atmosphere. FORMOSAT-3 is a constellation of six micro-satellites to collect atmospheric and ionospheric data for weather prediction and for climate, ionosphere, and geodesy research. FORMOSAT-3 has demonstrated the ability to significantly increase the accuracy of weather forecasting by utilizing the GPS Radio Occultation (GPS-RO) technique. Currently, NSPO is pursuing the follow-on space missions of FORMOSAT-5 and FORMOSAT-7. FORMOSAT-5 will be the first to utilize a CMOS detector on a high-resolution earth-observation camera. FORMOSAT-7 is a joint mission of Taiwan/US to deploy a 12-satellite constellation operational system to provide dense and timely GNSS RO data to the global communities for real-time weather forecast as well as space science research.

  4. PERANAN AKURASI SISTEM KOMPUTER HOTEL DI FRONT OFFICE DEPARTEMENT DALAM MENINGKATKAN KEPUASAN TAMU DI THE BALAVA HOTEL MALANG

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    fitria earlike anwar sani

    2016-12-01

    Full Text Available Front Office is where the provision of information for guests were in the hotel from arranging their departure, including managing payments during their stay at the hotel. To facilitate the work of Front Office, the hotel uses a system called the Emerald System. System as one of the leading framework for managing information technology control serves to bring together all the needs of management by bridging existing dividing business risks, control needs and technical issues. According to the results of questionnaires computer system in The Balava Hotel still not accurately be seen from the number of respondents who answered "yes" by 30% and "No" as much as 70% this proves that the system Emerald distractions that affect employee performance and create a long wait so the service provided front office employees less than the maximum. While variable satisfaction of the guests at The Balava Hotel Malang according to the results of the questionnaire can be inferred from the number of respondents who answered "Yes" as much as 49% and "No" as much as 51% gained a lot of complaining when the administrative process at the time of check-in and check-out, this illustrates that the front office employees still can not do a service desired by the guest.

  5. Job Satisfaction Levels of Employees in Hotel Establisments: A Research on Employees in Resort and City Hotel Establishments

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Elbeyi Pelit

    2010-03-01

    Full Text Available No matter in which sector they function, the job satisfaction of the employees at desired level has the utmost importance for the employees’ performance and organizational efficiency. In this respect, applications and studies related to defining job satisfaction and the factors affecting job satisfaction also have importance for establishments to provide data sources to perfrom their functions in the long term. For this reason, establishments should revise their employees’ job satisfaction levels at times. Especially the issue is much more significant for labour-intensive hotel establishments. In this context, to determine the job satisfaction levels of the city and resort employees in hotel establishments ,this research is carried on 1854 employees employed at 114 five-star hotels in city and resort areas of Turkey using “Minnesota Job Satisfaction Scale” to collect data. It is concluded that the employees whose job satisfaction is measured by questionnaires are not satisfied with such issues as the wage, making their own decisions, company policies and promotion opportunities. In the further analyses performed (independent-samples t test and ANOVA, it is found out that the job satisfaction level of the employees working in resort hotel establishments is higher than the employees working in the ciy hotel establishments. In addition this, it is found out that there are some differences between the job satisfaction level and education level of the employees.

  6. Risk factors for acute Toxoplasma gondii diseases in Taiwan: a population-based case-control study.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ting-Yi Chiang

    Full Text Available Although human toxoplasmosis is a notifiable disease in Taiwan since 2007, little is known about its risk factors. This study aimed to investigate the risk factors for acute Toxoplasma gondii diseases in Taiwan. We conducted a nationwide population-based case-control study. Cases of acute human toxoplasmosis notified to the Taiwan Centers for Diseases Control (Taipei, Taiwan during 2008-2013 were compared with controls that were randomly selected from healthy T. gondii-seronegative blood donors who participated in a nationwide T. gondii seroepidemiologic study during 2009-2010. Cases and controls were matched according to age, gender and residency at an 1:8 ratio. Structured questionnaires were used to gather information regarding risk factors. A total of 30 laboratory-confirmed acute T. gondii disease cases and 224 controls were enrolled. The most common clinical manifestation of the cases was flu-like symptoms (n = 20, followed by central nervous system disease (n = 4, ocular diseases (n = 3, abortion (n = 2, and congenital infection (n = 1. Multivariate conditional logistic regression showed that raw clam consumption (adjusted odds ratio [OR] = 3.7; 95% confidence interval [CI] = 1.4-9.9 and having a cat in the household (adjusted OR = 2.9; 95% CI = 1.1-7.9 were two independent risk factors for acute T. gondii disease. We conclude that raw shellfish consumption and domestic cat exposure were risk factors for acquiring acute T. gondii diseases in Taiwan. This finding may guide future research and control policies.

  7. Croatian Hotel Industry Financial Features Within the Period of Privatization

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jasmina Lončar

    2004-11-01

    Full Text Available The Croatian tourist sector has been stagnating during the period of transition. By analyzing the balance of Croatian hotels, the influence on the changes and courses of balance, the author points out the increasing seriousness of the situation in Croatian hotel industry measured in the relation of property, debts and owners’ capital. The connection between the financial structure, balance liabilities and the diversification of the instruments of property structure, defines the optimal financial adjustment of firms in tourism. In present-day Croatian hotel companies, uncertain profits make the company risky, not only in the aspect of debts but also considering the equity capital, which is then reflected in unsatisfactory business results. Similar researches are crucial ways towards a global knowledge about privatization in Croatian tourism today.

  8. THE ROMANIAN HOTEL INDUSTRY. AN ANALYSIS BASED ON REAL FACTS

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Maria Luminiţa COJOCEA

    2013-12-01

    Full Text Available Romanian Tourism has undergone considerable changes in the transition to the market economy. These changes, together with inappropriate solutions adopted by the authorities, led to a mismatch between what the Ministry of Tourism (MT/ National Authority for Tourism (NAT communicates and promotes, and the actual situation of the Romanian tourism and hotel industry. This situation has also been maintained by poor and erroneous reporting of information by hoteliers about the hotels managed to Ministry of Tourism, but also by the poor processing of information received by the MT/ NAT, leading to a database of erroneous information. These data are practically useless for any interested parties, and moreover for those who intend to use them especially for opening a new business in hospitality industry. This paper aims to present a much closer to reality statistical summary of the hotel industry.

  9. Importance of satisfaction and guests experience in hotel business organizations

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Milošević Srđan

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available Hotel companies which operate in today's competitive environment must constantly work on improving their products and services, at the request of their guests. Customer satisfaction is the key to retaining existing and attracting new guests. To achieve this goal, managers in the hotel organizations have become aware of the fact that the quality of staying in hotel represent unique experience for tourists. Lot of papers are dealing with the exploration of this topic, it only proves its importance nowadays. However, insufficient attention is paid to the simultaneous study of experience of guests and their satisfaction through the offered models (indexes that are created for this purpose. The purpose of this paper is to show the importance of these issues and identify their potential symbiosis.

  10. Presenteeism In Work Life: An Evaluation In Hotel Industry

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ebru Arslaner

    2015-12-01

    Full Text Available This study aims to examine presenteeism problem encountered in businesses frequently and evaluate this issue for hotel enterprises. Presenteeism is defined as when an employee shows up for work even though he or she is sick and performs ineffectively. Thus, it causes great costs for companies due to ineffective work performance. This situation arises in hotel businesses due to labor-intensive features of industry. It is considered that the intensity of human relationships and long shifts in hotel businesses induce stressfull working conditions and that factors increase presenteeism. Businesses could produce solutions for presenteeism with practices that prioritise employees satisfaction and take precautions to remedy physical and mental health of employees.

  11. Marketing and strategic management in hotel industry: A bibliometrics study

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Edegar Luis Tomazzoni

    2013-04-01

    Full Text Available Despite doubts and questions about its theoretical consistency, tourism studies tend to be consolidated as scientific field. The production of studies about hotel industry as essential activity of tourism is recent, but stands out important epistemological organizational spaces. This paper analyzes the production of knowledge and contributions to the scientific studies advancement in marketing and strategic hospitality management through articles published by the leading academic journals of tourism in Brazil. The method adopted was the bibliometrics research. Among the 552 articles published between April 2008 and August 2012, 64 were about hotel industry, sixteen of them grounded in marketing and nine in strategy. The studies show the complexity of the strategic management and marketing of hotel firms and provide to academic researchers, managers and professionals in hospitality reflections of the importance of the knowledge of this area.

  12. Predictors of the initiation and persistence of internet addiction among adolescents in Taiwan.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Chang, Fong-Ching; Chiu, Chiung-Hui; Lee, Ching-Mei; Chen, Ping-Hung; Miao, Nae-Fang

    2014-10-01

    The present study examined the psychosocial factors associated with the initiation and persistence of Internet addiction among adolescents in Taiwan. A total of 2315 students from 26 high schools were assessed in the 10th grade, with follow-up performed in the 11th grade, in Taipei, Taiwan. Self-administered questionnaires were collected in each year to assess the pattern of changes in Internet addiction and psychosocial factors. Of the 1602 students without an Internet addiction in the 10th grade, 253 (15.8%) had initiated Internet addiction by grade 11. Multivariate analysis results indicated that greater engagement in online activities (i.e., social network website use, online gaming), depression, and lower school bonding in grade 10 coupled with an increase in online activities, depression, and smoking from grades 10 to 11 predicted the initiation of Internet addiction. Of the 605 students with Internet addiction in the 10th grade, the addiction had persisted for 383 students (63.3%) in grade 11. An increase in the existence of depression and alcohol use from grades 10 to 11 predicted the persistence of Internet addiction. Online activities, depression, and substance use were important predictors of youth initiation and of the persistence of Internet addiction. Copyright © 2014 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

  13. Low conversion rate to multiple sclerosis in idiopathic optic neuritis patients in Taiwan.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lin, Yen-Ching; Yen, May-Yung; Hsu, Wen-Ming; Lee, Hui-Chen; Wang, An-Guor

    2006-01-01

    To investigate the clinical characteristics of patients with idiopathic optic neuritis (ON) in Taiwan and to assess the conversion rate to multiple sclerosis (MS) in these patients. We studied the medical records of a total of 109 patients with a clinical diagnosis of idiopathic ON treated in the Taipei Veterans General Hospital during the period from January 1986 to May 2003. Clinical characteristics, management, and disease courses were retrospectively reviewed. Our main focus was on the development of multiple sclerosis after an ON attack. Univariate and multivariate analyses were used to evaluate the risk indicators for MS conversion. The patients (58 women, 51 men) had a mean age of 41.2 years at onset. ON was retrobulbar in 46.8% of the patients. Management with or without pulse therapy did not affect the final visual outcome. Female sex, retrobulbar type ON, recurrent cases, elevated cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) IgG index, and central nervous system (CNS) imaging abnormalities were identified as risk indicators for the development of MS (P older age at onset and a higher percentage of optic disc edema than reported in previous literature. The characteristic features of ON patients associated with a high risk of developing MS are female sex, retrobulbar type ON, CNS imaging abnormalities, elevated CSF IgG index, and recurrence. Idiopathic ON patients in Taiwan display a significantly lower conversion rate to MS.

  14. VIRTUAL WEB PROMOSI DAN RESERVASI HOTEL BERBASIS WEB DAN VIA SMS PADA HOTEL DIAMOND

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Alexander Setiawan

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available Web and SMS is a new development that is useful for many people as a data exchange media. In the business world, especially for marketing use, by using those two media business can be performed globally so that informations are fast and easily spread all over the world. From this problem born an idea to promote Diamond Hotel by using web and a facility to reserve room using SMS. This Application was created by using VB 6 language and using AT command to communicate with cellphone. Meanwhile, data that flow between system and cellphone are in the form of Protocol Data Unit. System had been tested by sending SMS request from a cellphone and system sent back SMS response as requested by user.

  15. Analisis Pengaruh Kualitas Pelayanan Terhadap Kepuasan Dan Loyalitas Occupant Pada Hotel Lido Graha Di Lhokseumawe

    OpenAIRE

    Syahputra, Muhammad Halfi Indra

    2011-01-01

    Hotel industry is one of industry which is offer the product and service. Giving good of quality of service to the guest they might be satisfaction and they will compare the service that given from hotel to the other hotel. While the occupant is satisfaction they will come back and recommented to other people to consume and stay in one hotel. The research problem is 1) How is the service influence that consist of: Tangible, Reliability, Responsiveness, Assurance, Empathy, for the occupant sat...

  16. Opportunities and risks among migrant workers in the hotel industry in Oslo

    OpenAIRE

    Aasland, Aadne; Tyldum, Guri

    2016-01-01

    This article examines working conditions, careers and aspirations among immigrants working in the hotel industry in the Greater Oslo region. Using theories of labour market segregation and segmentation, and drawing on survey data of hotel workers, we show how migrants from various backgrounds are distributed into different jobs and have different work experiences in the hotel sector. Correspondence analysis shows how hotel workers are distributed along two major dimensions: ...

  17. Logistics Practices in the Service sector : The case study of New Fairmount Hotel, Zambia

    OpenAIRE

    Muwowo, Alice

    2016-01-01

    Logistics practices have not been much emphasized in the hotel industry unlike in other sectors that deal with operational services, this can be because the hotel industry offers services, which are intangible. The purpose of the thesis was to find out how logistics practices can be implemented in the service industry, taking new Fairmount hotel as the case study by focusing on how the hotel can create a competitive advantage through cost reduction. The research used a qualitative researc...

  18. The Impact of Servicescape on the Brand Image and Brand Identity of Boutique Hotels

    OpenAIRE

    Kloosterman , Marjolein Eliza

    2017-01-01

    Nowadays, the hospitality industry cannot be imagined without the presence of boutique hotels, as the number of guests seeking for more than the traditional hotel service is increasing. Being innovative, intimate and design-oriented are some key features for boutique hotels which represent their unique hotel concept towards the outside world. This is accomplished through careful consideration of the hotels’ servicescape components, such as: materials, designs, colours and capacity. Therefore,...

  19. Adoption of Near Field Communication in the hotel industry based on risk perspectives and individual characteristics

    OpenAIRE

    Sam, K M; Chatwin, C R

    2016-01-01

    The emergence of the mobile phone has created great opportunities for businesses, especially those providing services to customers. Hotels are very important to a country as they provide accommodation to travelers. Better services attract more hotel customers. With the advent of NFC, a wireless mobile technology, hotel customers can use NFC to get hotel services efficiently. Previous studies found that risk and users' individual characteristics are very important in analyzing the adoption of ...

  20. Analisa Pengaruh Service Recovery Terhadap Kepuasan Konsumen Di Hotel “X”

    OpenAIRE

    Susiani, Stefani; Tjitrokusmo, Evelyn; Kristanti, Monika; Nugroho, Agustinus

    2014-01-01

    Industri perhotelan saat ini sangat berkembang pesat sehingga menyebabkan persaingan antar hotel semakin ketat. Hal ini membuat setiap hotel berlomba-lomba untuk memberikan pelayanan yang terbaik. Namun, tidak dapat dipungkiri dalam memberikan suatu pelayanan yang terbaik sekalipun pasti pernah mengalami kegagalan jasa yang akan berdampak pada kepuasan konsumen. Hotel “X” merupakan salah satu hotel yang memberikan pelayanan yang terbaik bagi para konsumennya. Untuk mengantisipasi adanya kega...

  1. Clinical correlation of nonalcoholic fatty liver disease in a Chinese taxi drivers population in Taiwan: Experience at a teaching hospital

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Chiu Wei-Hsiu

    2011-08-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background To explore any gender-related differences in the prevalence of conditions-associated with non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD among Taiwanese taxi drivers in Taipei, Taiwan. Methods We studied 1635 healthy taxi drivers (1541 males and 94 females who volunteered for physical check-ups in 2006. Blood samples and ultrasound fatty liver sonography results were collected. Results The prevalence of NAFLD was 66.4% and revealed no statistically significant decrease with increasing age (p = 0.58. Males exhibited a greater prevalence of NAFLD than did females (67.5% vs 47.9%, p Conclusion Several gender-related differences were noted for NAFLD among Taiwanese taxi drivers.

  2. Are We Rational or Not? The Exploration of Voter Choices during the 2016 Presidential and Legislative Elections in Taiwan

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    I-Ching Lee

    2017-10-01

    Full Text Available The decisions voters make—and whether those decisions are rational—have profound implications on the functionality of a democratic society. In this study, we delineated two criteria in evaluating voter rationality and weigh evidence of voter rationality versus irrationality. Furthermore, we compared models in two different elections in Taiwan to explore the reasons behind the irrational choices voters can make. Survey questions and an implicit association test (IAT were administered prior to both elections among 197 voters in Taipei. These voters then reported their actual votes post-election. Model testing suggests that voters often are rational, but are more likely to make irrational choices in more important elections. Our findings indicate that voters generally aim to be diligent and to optimize their choices, even if they make less rational choices in the end. Further implications regarding elections and human rationality are discussed.

  3. Field observations and management strategy for hot spring wastewater in Wulai area, Taiwan.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lin, J Y; Chen, C F; Lei, F R; Hsieh, C D

    2010-01-01

    Hot springs are important centers for recreation and tourism. However, the pollution that may potentially be caused by hot spring wastewater has rarely been discussed. More than half of Taiwan's hot springs are located in areas where the water quality of water bodies is to be protected, and untreated wastewater could pollute the receiving water bodies. In this study, we investigate hot spring wastewater in the Wulai area, one of Taiwan's famous hot spring resorts. Used water from five hot spring hotels was sampled and ten sampling events were carried out to evaluate the changes in the quality of used water in different seasons, at different periods of the week, and from different types of hotels. The concentrations of different pollutants in hot spring wastewater were found to exhibit wide variations, as follows: COD, 10-250 mg/L; SS, N.D.-93 mg/L; NH(3)-N, 0.01-1.93 mg/L; TP, 0.01-0.45 mg/L; and E. coli, 10-27,500 CFU/100 mL. The quality of hot spring wastewater depends on the operation of public pools, because this affects the frequency of supplementary fresh water and the outflow volume. Two management strategies, namely, onsite treatment systems and individually packaged treatment equipment, are considered, and a multi-objective optimization model is used to determine the optimal strategy.

  4. Un hotel escuela para américa latina

    OpenAIRE

    Gonzalez Tejada, Marjorie Jannina; Perez Icaza, Mariuxi Elizabeth; Vaca Viteri, Maria Soledad; Loor Valdiviezo, Kleber

    2009-01-01

    La idea de "Un Hotel Escuela para América Latina" es netamente a favor del desarrollo turístico del Ecuador. Y para comenzar con esto, se ha considerado tomar en cuenta las siguientes sugerencias , planteadas en este articulo, al proyecto Hotel Escuela de Espol. El Turismo y la Gestión Socio Cultural y Económica del Ecuador.- El desarrollo del turismo genera toda una serie de efectos sobre el medio ambiente dentro del cual se desenvuelve. Los cuales pueden manifestarse tanto so...

  5. Factores que influyen en las puntuaciones de los hoteles

    OpenAIRE

    Mellinas Cánovas, Juan Pedro; Martínez María Dolores, Soledad María; Bernal García, Juan Jesús

    2015-01-01

    [ESP] La irrupción de las nuevas tecnologías en el sector hotelero ha permitido a los viajeros evaluar los alojamientos en los que se hospedan a través de webs como Booking.com y TripAdvisor. Las valoraciones que obtienen los hoteles condicionan la decisión de compra de los potenciales consumidores, por lo que la determinación de los factores que favorecen su mejora resulta de interés para el sector. Realizamos un análisis de diferentes variables, identificando el tamaño del hotel como el pri...

  6. Analysis of the hotel industry of Romania. Trends and facts

    OpenAIRE

    Ovidiu Petronel, Pectu

    2015-01-01

    This paper aims to analyze the evolution of the Romanian hotel industry by doing a review of its main components: the supply and the demand, during a period of 20 years, between 1994 and 2014. Most of the review is based on the information gathered by the Romanian national institute of statistics. On one hand, it’s centered on the progress hotels made in terms of number and capacity. In order to capture the stages through which this industry has been, the analysis is approached in a deductive...

  7. New generation of autarkic data hotels; Nieuwe generatie autarkische datahotels

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Schmitz, H. [Autarkis, Almere (Netherlands)

    2009-12-15

    The new generation of autarkic data hotels differs from the new generation of non autarkic data hotels because a switch is made from central energy supply to decentralized energy supply. The computer racks are transformed into decentralized data centers and interconnected in a global information network. This article provides a basis for all statements in a mathematical manner. [Dutch] De nieuwe generatie autarkische datahotels onderscheidt zich van de nieuwe generatie niet-autarkische datahotels doordat de overstap wordt gemaakt van een centrale energievoorziening naar een decentrale energievoorziening. De computerrekken worden omgevormd tot gedecentraliseerde datacentra en onderling verbonden in een wereldwijd informatienetwerk. In dit artikel worden op een rekenkundige wijze alle stellingen onderbouwd.

  8. Multi-Language Sentiment Analysis for Hotel Reviews

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sodanil Maleerat

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available Touristes and traveler use avariety of information sources (e.g. travelportals, blogs, or social networking sites like twitter to help them decide for a hotel room. These sources all contain highly subjective text that expresses the opinions of many. We took a preliminary view on user generated hotel reviews from two travel portals in English and Thai. We developed a taxonomy of features and specifically investigated how accurately they can be predicted with three classification methods. The results indicate that support vector machines perform best for this specific domain.

  9. DEVELOPMENT OF SPA AND WELLNESS SERVICES IN A CHOSEN HOTEL

    OpenAIRE

    MARHOUNOVÁ, Iveta

    2017-01-01

    This work deals with the development of spas and wellness services in the chosen company called Wellness hotel Diamant. This company is one of the key ones, because it makes South Bohemia more attractive. This work proposes complementary services which can lead to improvement of the present ones and to filling up the current market needs. The aim of this work is to analyse economic conditions of the specific hotel, which is its situation on the economy market and what its competitiveness is l...

  10. Development of the Astronomy-Themed Interdisciplinary Curriculum At Taipei First Girls' High School

    Science.gov (United States)

    Yang, S.-C.; Jin, R.; Lai, S.-P.; Kong, A.; Chang, H.-K.; Wu, P.-H.

    2014-07-01

    With the advent of satellite-based telescopes and abundant data open to the public, senior high school students can now be allowed access to the latest observational data collected by those cutting-edge telescopes. Following the official guidelines for high school curricula in Taiwan, we designed a 24-hour, four-module curriculum, the themes of which are: properties of light and spectra, multi-wavelength observations, evolution of stars, and introduction to cosmology. The curriculum makes use of free online astronomical databases, software for data analysis, and teaching platforms. Many of the courses are inquiry-oriented, focusing on hands-on experiments and discussions. They can be taught separately in their own fields or combined to form research project courses as well. The curriculum development was funded by the National Science Council of Taiwan (High Scope Project) and supported by three institutes in universities. More than 700 students are participating in the pilot program. We are now promoting the curriculum to other schools, with a hope to encourage students to carry out projects on topics in astronomy.

  11. Size matters in the African hotel industry: The case of South Africa ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    The hotel industry in Africa has been investigated mostly from a hospitality management as opposed to a tourism perspective. Using a tourism perspective this article focuses on the changing size distribution of hotels and shifting spatial patterns of different size hotels in South Africa. Source material is the use of ...

  12. The Heart of Successful Hotels: Going Beyond the Monopoly Game Strategy

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Joseph Khairallah

    2016-10-01

    Full Text Available To investors, hotels are real estate. At the end of the day, why do investors put their money in hotels vs. other types of real estate? For the prospect of superior investment returns; it's like a game of Monopoly. But how can hotels balance the softer side of Operations to support these goals?

  13. Overview Smart Hotel di Indonesia yang Merupakan Trend Baru dalam Industri Perhotelan

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Maria Pia Adiati

    2011-11-01

    Full Text Available Nowadays we can find out many taglines featuring the word Smart Hotel or Smart Traveler. Smart traveler is those who travel in a smart way. We called it smart because they choose the accomodation and the transportation wisely, in accordance with requirements and budget. Meanwhile Smart Hotel tagline comes up since there are many smart travelers who travel a lot to the cities around the world. Smart Hotels are hotels who try to accommodate the current market demands. The latest trend for the travelers is only a clean and comfort accommodation with affordable price but covers all the basic things needed for the travelers. Nowadays, travelers pass most of the time out of the hotel for doing business or either for visiting tourism objects. Typical smart hotels are hotels with 2 stars or 3 stars rating. Even though it is 2 or 3 star hotel, the service is as good as the higher ratings.Some of the hotel management or hotel group try to suite the demand by releasing 2 star or 3 star brand. And in the future, the 2 star or 3 star hotel is the hotel who will rapidly grow and take the majority market since the price is affordable and suites the budget. 

  14. The power of space: The biopolitics of custody and care at the Lloyd Hotel, Amsterdam

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Minca, C.; Ong, C.E.

    2016-01-01

    This paper examines the relationship between space and violence through a biopolitical enquiry of custody and care at Amsterdam's Lloyd Hotel. The Lloyd Hotel began as a corporate established transhipment hotel serving transatlantic voyages. It was subsequently transformed into an emergency refugee

  15. Can a luxury hotel compete without a spa facility? – Opinions from ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    The development of the wellness facility within the luxury hotel sector around the world has been evident, with many professionals believing that spas are an expected element within luxury hotels. This paper has been written to provide further consideration for hoteliers who are looking to open a luxury hotel within the city of ...

  16. Penerapan Human Relations Dalam Meningkatkan Motivsi Kerja Karyawan di Valentino Boutique Hotel Makassar

    OpenAIRE

    MIRYANTI, INDHIRA; Sultan, Muh. Iqbal; Farid, Muh.

    2011-01-01

    Tujuan Penelitian ini adalah : ( 1 ) Untuk mengetahui Penerapan human relations dalam meningkatkan motivasi kerja karyawan Valentino Boutique Hotel Makassar. ( 2 ) Untuk mengetahui factor ??? factor yang berpengaruh pada human relations untuk meningkatkan motivasi kerja pada Valentino Boutique Hotel Makassar. Penelitian ini dilaksanakan di Valentino Boutique Hotel Makassar. Methode penelitian yang dilakukan adalah analisis deskriptif kualitatif. Sumber data berasal dari observasi study pus...

  17. HUMAN RESOURCES EMPOWERMENT, WORKING MOTIVATION AND ORGANIZATION CHANGE IN IMPROVING HOTEL BUSINESS PERFORMANCE IN BALI

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Gusti Kade Sutawa

    2016-03-01

    Full Text Available This study aims to test and analyze impact of human resource development on working motivation of hotel business workers in Bali, impact of human resource development on organizational changes of hotel business in Bali, impact of human resource development on the performance of hotel business in Bali, impact of working motivation against organizational changes in hotel business in Bali, impact of working motivation on the organizations performance of the hotel business in Bali, and impact of organizational changes against organizations performance of the hotel business in Bali. There were 170 respondents of star-rated hotel employees which were selected through purposive sampling technique. Structural Equation Modeling with the application Analysis of Moment Structure was used to analyze the data. The results show that empowerment of human resources (HR has positive and significant impact on working motivation, organizational changes, and the organization performance of hotel business in Bali, working motivation has positive and significant impact on organizational changes and the organization performance of hotel business in Bali and organizational changes have significant and positive impact on the organization performance of hotel business in Bali. Empowerment variables have the most powerful impact to support the improvement of organizational performance, followed by organizational changes and working motivation variables. The results indicate that human resource empowerment improves the performance of the hotel business in Bali. Therefore, human resource development need to be prioritized in order to improve organizational performance of star hotels in Bali.

  18. 76 FR 69753 - Agency Information Collection Activities: Proposed Collection; Comment Request, Federal Hotel and...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-11-09

    ...; Comment Request, Federal Hotel and Motel Fire Safety Declaration Form AGENCY: Federal Emergency Management... systems within hotels and motels. DATES: Comments must be submitted on or before January 9, 2012... requires FEMA to establish and maintain a list of hotels, motels, and similar places of public...

  19. 77 FR 37326 - Safety Zone; Grand Hotel 125th Anniversary Fireworks Celebration, Mackinaw Island, MI

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-06-21

    ... SECURITY Coast Guard 33 CFR Part 165 RIN 1625-AA00 Safety Zone; Grand Hotel 125th Anniversary Fireworks... launched from a point on Lake Huron to commemorate the Grand Hotel's 125th anniversary. The Captain of the Port, Sector Sault Sainte Marie, has determined that the Grand Hotel Celebration Fireworks Display will...

  20. Emergency room visits associated with particulate concentration and Asian dust storms in metropolitan Taipei.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lin, Yu-Kai; Chen, Chi-Feng; Yeh, Hui-Chung; Wang, Yu-Chun

    2016-01-01

    This study evaluated risks of emergency room visits (ERV) for all causes, circulatory diseases, and respiratory diseases associated with concentrations of particulate matter (PM10 and PM2.5) and Asian dust storms (ADS) from 2000 to 2008 in metropolitan Taipei. Cumulative 4-day (lag 0-3) relative risks (RR) and confidence intervals (CI) of cause-specific ERV associated with daily concentrations of PM10 or PM2.5 and ADS based on study period (ADS frequently inflicted period: 2000-2004 and less-inflicted period: 2005-2008) were estimated using a distributed lag non-linear model with Poisson distribution. Risks associated with ADS-inflicted season (winter and spring), strength (ratio of stations with Pollutant Standard Index above 100 is < 0.5 or ≥ 0.5), and duration (ADS lasting for 1-3 days or ≥ 4 days) were especially evaluated. In non-linear models, an increase in PM10 from 10 μg/m(3) to 50 μg/m(3) was associated with increased risk of ERV for all causes and respiratory disease with cumulative 4- day RR of 1.18 (95% CI: 1.13, 1.24) and 1.37 (95% CI: 1.23, 1.54), respectively. From 2005 to 2008, the cumulative 4-day RR for an ERV related to an increase in PM2.5 from 5 μg/m(3) to 30 μg/m(3) is 1.21 (95% CI: 1.03, 1.41) for respiratory diseases, and 1.15 (95% CI: 1.08, 1.22) for all causes. In comparison with normal days, elevated ERV of all causes and respiratory diseases was also associated with winter ADS (with corresponding RRs of 1.10 (95% CI: 1.07, 1.13) and 1.14 (95% CI: 1.08, 1.21)) and shorter and less area-affected ADS (with corresponding RRs of 1.07 (95% CI: 1.01, 1.10) and 1.09 (95% CI: 1.03, 1.14)) from 2000 to 2004. Results of this study demonstrate that population health risk varies not only with PM concentration, but also with the ADS characteristics.

  1. Calculating Basin Response by Numerical Modeling of Wave Propagation - The Taipei Basin Example

    Science.gov (United States)

    Miksat, J.; Wen, K.-L.; Sokolov, V.; Chen, C.-T.; Wenzel, F.

    2009-04-01

    of the Taipei basin we showed that for a detailed knowledge of the subsurface structure, numerical simulation of wave propagation of an incident S-wave front is capable to reproduce low frequency basin response. Consequently, the method can be a valuable tool for sedimentary basins with a well known subsurface structure but a small database of observations because of low seismicity or short observation times.

  2. Enhancing Georgetown’s Heritage Boutique Hotel Marketing Strategies: The Case of 1881 Chong Tian Cultural Hotel, Malaysia

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Noor N Kader Ali

    2015-09-01

    Full Text Available Organizations has longed been searching for an effective problem identification tool. This study provides an improved method to root-cause analysis tool for practitioners, integrating mixed method research with problems identification technique. It also discovers the primary causes to  unfavorable performance for heritage boutique hoteliers. 1881 Chong Tian Cultural Hotel, one of the 18 heritage boutique hotels in Penang, reported a 23% financial loss in 2010, recovered in 2011, yield some profits in 2012 and 2013. However, growth in boutique hotel industry has been a challenge over the years. The sequential approach methodology, begins with sem-structured interviews, quantitative surveys on 100 general public and 56 hotel guests,  and analysis on unpublished company data, were summarized using a root-cause analysis tool called the Symptoms Versus Problems (SVP Framework that questioned on the occurance of the symptoms for the first three Tiers of the framework. The remaining symptoms and core problems are identified based on findings from all the three methods above plus field observations, concurrently. Two major symptoms are identified, specifically, unfavorable cultural service quality and ineffective marketing strategies. The unfavorable cultural service quality is due to ineffective cultural ambiance; unproductive display of heritage, cultural artifacts and infrastructure; as well as, unfavorable cultural related services. The ineffective marketing strategies are due to low technology adoption of websites and social media; and ineffective customer relationship management (CRM implementation. Thus, the recommended solutions bring to life the practices of Qing Dynasty cultural ambiance, ceremonies, historical shows and the royale reception. Information on artifacts and infrastructure is readily available. Website development and social media updates on latest Chong Tian Hotel activities are being developed. Embracing delegates using Qing

  3. A five-star hotel shines once more in its old glamour; 5-Sterne-Hotel erstrahlt in altem Glanz

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Saurer, C.

    2007-07-01

    This article takes a look at the famous 'Les Trois Rois' five-star hotel in Basel, Switzerland, that has been modernised and renovated. In particular, the refurbishment of the hotel's drinking water system is discussed. The use of modern, plug-together fittings is discussed. Modern sanitary technology had to be combined with the neo-classical fabric of the building. The special requirements thus placed on the drinking-water system are discussed and the solution chosen is described. The advantages offered by the system and the installation time saved by its use are discussed.

  4. Solar-Cooled Hotel in the Virgin Islands

    Science.gov (United States)

    Harber, H.

    1982-01-01

    Performance of solar cooling system is described in 21-page report. System provides cooling for public areas including ball rooms, restaurant, lounge, lobby and shops. Chilled water from solar-cooling system is also used to cool hot water from hotel's desalinization plant.

  5. Consumers Preference for Hotel Amenities and Willingness to Pay ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Using information obtained from personal interviews and structured questionnaires served on users of selected hotels in Lagos Island (Ikoyi, Victoria Island and Lekki), Hedonic Model was developed with the aid of certain identified attributes. The findings revealed that security and safety attributes, location attributes, ...

  6. Imagine staying in a Shanghai hotel bedroom in 2050? | Rebecca ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Will the future hotels of Shanghai emphasise a world of contemporary design, sustainability and technological innovations in order to deal with the growing pains of pollution, competition of urban land and decreasing availability of clean water, which will impact on the quality and price of accommodation in the city?

  7. Education and innovativeness of the slovene hotel organisations staff

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Metod Šuligoj

    2010-03-01

    Full Text Available The author’s purpose in this article is to ascertain the differences in the attitude to innovativeness between bureaucratic and non-bureaucratic hotel organisations. He defines as bureaucratic the organisations establishing standards. As a separate issue he wishes to find out whether bureaucratic organisations employ properly educated staff or not. For this purpose he defines basic terminology: hotel industry, innovativeness, bureaucracy and knowledge, general and knowledge of tourism and hotel trade. He points out that the government is aware of the importance of innovativeness in hotel industry and tourism, whence a number of measures. In the empirical part, using statistical methods, such as the descriptive analysis and the Bonferroni test, the author establishes that there are no statistically significant differences between bureaucratic and non-bureaucratic organisations either with regard to innovativeness or the level of staff education. In this way, by using scientific method, the author rejects the often misinterpreted opinion on the influence of bureaucracy on innovativeness.

  8. Women's Path to Management in the Hotel and Catering Industry.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hotel and Catering Training Board, Wembley (England).

    A study examined the employment patterns of women working in the United Kingdom's hotel and catering industry and the opportunities for vocational education that would lead to careers in management. Sixty-four women from different sectors of the industry were interviewed (including women in senior and middle management and some still looking to be…

  9. ESL for Hotel/Hospitality Industry. Level: Beginner.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Western Suffolk County Board of Cooperative Educational Services, Northport, NY.

    This document contains eight lesson plans for a beginning course in work-related English for non-English or limited-English speaking entry-level employees in the hotel and hospitality industry. Course objectives include the following: helping participants understand and use job-specific vocabulary; receive and understand job-related instructions;…

  10. Understanding Work-Family Spillover in Hotel Managers

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lawson, Katie M.; Davis, Kelly D.; Crouter, Ann C.; O’Neill, John W.

    2013-01-01

    The present study examined the experience of work-family spillover among 586 hotel managers (HMs) working in 50 full-service hotels throughout the U.S. Work-family spillover occurs when behaviors, moods, stresses, and emotions from work spill over into family. We first investigated which hotel managers were more likely to experience spillover and stressful work conditions based on their life circumstances (gender, parental status, age, decision-making latitude at work). Second, we investigated which work conditions (hours worked per week, organizational time expectations, emotional labor, and permeable boundaries) predicted more work-family spillover. Women, employees without children at home, and younger adults experienced the highest levels of negative work-family spillover. Work conditions, particularly organizational time expectations, put HMs at risk for experiencing more negative and less positive work-family spillover. The results provide evidence that modifying certain work conditions in the hotel industry may be helpful in improving the quality of HMs’ jobs and retention. PMID:23888092

  11. Understanding Work-Family Spillover in Hotel Managers.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lawson, Katie M; Davis, Kelly D; Crouter, Ann C; O'Neill, John W

    2013-06-01

    The present study examined the experience of work-family spillover among 586 hotel managers (HMs) working in 50 full-service hotels throughout the U.S. Work-family spillover occurs when behaviors, moods, stresses, and emotions from work spill over into family. We first investigated which hotel managers were more likely to experience spillover and stressful work conditions based on their life circumstances (gender, parental status, age, decision-making latitude at work). Second, we investigated which work conditions (hours worked per week, organizational time expectations, emotional labor, and permeable boundaries) predicted more work-family spillover. Women, employees without children at home, and younger adults experienced the highest levels of negative work-family spillover. Work conditions, particularly organizational time expectations, put HMs at risk for experiencing more negative and less positive work-family spillover. The results provide evidence that modifying certain work conditions in the hotel industry may be helpful in improving the quality of HMs' jobs and retention.

  12. Food and Beverage Industry ESL Workplace Literacy Curriculum for Hotels.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Van Duzer, Carol; And Others

    The Workplace Literacy Curriculum for Food and Beverage was developed for English-as-a-Second-Language classes for workers in participating hotels in Arlington County, Virginia, through a national workplace literacy grant with the cooperation of the Arlington County Chamber of Commerce. It is based on an analysis of tasks and interactions at the…

  13. Hotell Arensburg : Lossi 15, Kuressaare / Liina Jänes

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Jänes, Liina, 1977-

    2008-01-01

    Arensburg Boutique Hotel & Spa. Arhitektid: Margit Kärner, Raivo Kotov, Lea Laidra. Sisearhitektid: Liisi Murula, Raivo Kotov, Raili Paling. Peatöövõtja: EBC Ehitus AS. I korruse plaan, 2 värv. välisvaadet, 3 sisevaadet

  14. Guest expectations and experiences within selected hotels in ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    The empirical research was conducted using primary data. The study followed a descriptive quantitative design. A sample size of 400 guests from ten hotels of different sizes and categories in terms of star grading formed the basis for the data collection exercise. Only guests that had stayed a minimum of two nights in the ...

  15. Peningkatan Kompetensi Mahasiswa Melalui Praktek Kerja Lapangan Di Hotel

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Michael Khrisna Aditya

    2017-09-01

    ABSTRACT Human resources are one of the important aspects for an organization.  They are the people who reach the organizational vision.  Training is one of the ways to improve human resources capabilities.  While the capabilities of human resources improve, the human resources’ competencies will increase as well.  In order to develop human resources’ competencies, there will need an appropriate place for doing training activities.  The aim of the research was identifying human resources competencies improvement by doing the training in the hotel.  The research method was quantitative descriptive.  The respondents were 48 persons of D3 and  D4 of Hotel Vocational College Students of Trisakti School of Tourism who had training in Bali Island. The respondents were trained in the hotel for 6 and 12 months in 2016/2017. They’re chosen by probability sampling technique.  The research result found that there were competencies improvement of 21(thenty-one competency element.  The four highest competencies were the ability to work under pressure, to work in cultural diversity, knowledge improvement of outside  of their own discipline, time management, and knowledge improment of in their own discipline.   Keywords: Competency, On The Job Training, Hotel

  16. Evaluasi Instalasi Pengolahan Air Limbah Hotel X di Surabaya

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Hutomo Dwi Prabowo

    2017-03-01

    Full Text Available Hotel X merupakan salah satu hotel bintang 4 di Surabaya yang memiliki sarana pengolahan limbah cair dengan kualitas effluent belum memenuhi baku mutu Peraturan Gubernur Jawa Timur No. 72 tahun 2013. Berdasarkan hasil pelaporan pengujian kualitas effluent Instalasi Pengolahan Air Limbah (IPAL Hotel X pada 11 Juni 2015 diketahui bahwa salah satu parameter kualitas effluent tidak memenuhi baku mutu. Parameter tersebut adalah COD dengan konsentrasi sebesar 71,684 mg/l. Oleh karena itu perlu dilakukan evaluasi terhadap IPAL yang ada. Unit yang dievaluasi terdiri dari bak ekualisasi, tangki aerasi, dan bak pengendap 2 dengan sistem activated sludge. Unit-unit ini dievaluasi terhadap efisiensi dan efektivitas masing-masing bangunan. Sampel yang diuji diambil dari influent dan effluent tiap bangunan untuk mengetahui tingkat penyisihan dari tiap bangunan. Hasil evaluasi berupa perubahan fungsi unit, modifikasi unit, dan juga penambahan unit baru.yang direncanakan agar kualitas effluent IPAL Hotel X memenuhi baku mutu. Biaya yang dibutuhkan untuk perencanaan sesuai hasil evaluasi adalah Rp. 297.960.000,-

  17. Competency Needs in Irish Hotels: Employer and Graduate Perspectives

    Science.gov (United States)

    Nolan, Ciara; Conway, Edel; Farrell, Tara; Monks, Kathy

    2010-01-01

    Purpose: The purpose of this study is to investigate hotel industry employers' expectations of, and satisfaction with, graduate competencies in comparison with graduate perceptions of what is required for their roles and their satisfaction with how well their education experience prepared them. Design/methodology/approach: The research involved a…

  18. Revisiting the relevance of economic theory to hotel revenue ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Revisiting the relevance of economic theory to hotel revenue management education and practice in the era of Big Data. ... Research in Hospitality Management ... This paper explores the role of economics in hospitality education and industry practice, with a particular focus on revenue management, and puts forward an ...

  19. Residents' Coping Strategies in an Extended-Stay Hotel Home

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lewinson, Terri

    2010-01-01

    Some families live in extended-stay hotels as a solution after housing displacement. This temporary accommodation provides a furnished home environment with resources such as a kitchenette, bed, heating/air conditioning, and room services with one payment that can be made weekly or monthly without a credit check or rent deposit. Despite these…

  20. OpinionSeer: interactive visualization of hotel customer feedback.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wu, Yingcai; Wei, Furu; Liu, Shixia; Au, Norman; Cui, Weiwei; Zhou, Hong; Qu, Huamin

    2010-01-01

    The rapid development of Web technology has resulted in an increasing number of hotel customers sharing their opinions on the hotel services. Effective visual analysis of online customer opinions is needed, as it has a significant impact on building a successful business. In this paper, we present OpinionSeer, an interactive visualization system that could visually analyze a large collection of online hotel customer reviews. The system is built on a new visualization-centric opinion mining technique that considers uncertainty for faithfully modeling and analyzing customer opinions. A new visual representation is developed to convey customer opinions by augmenting well-established scatterplots and radial visualization. To provide multiple-level exploration, we introduce subjective logic to handle and organize subjective opinions with degrees of uncertainty. Several case studies illustrate the effectiveness and usefulness of OpinionSeer on analyzing relationships among multiple data dimensions and comparing opinions of different groups. Aside from data on hotel customer feedback, OpinionSeer could also be applied to visually analyze customer opinions on other products or services.