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Sample records for hospital infantil roberto

  1. Doctor Roberto Serpa Novoa

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Hernando Groot

    1991-06-01

    complacencia, ya enfrentando problemas dramáticos como la alta mortalidad infantil, la fiebre amarilla y la lepra, ya apersonándose para dirigir la solución de graves problemas de salud pública desde posiciones tan importantes como la de Secretario de Salud de Bogotá, Director de la Compañía Antileprosa y Secretario General del Ministerio de Salud.

    Estas actividades y otras muchas, todas de especial relevancia, fueron complementadas con su vida académicas en el Hospital San Juan de Dios y más tarde en esta misma Academia Nacional de Medicina donde sus lúcidas intervenciones fueron recibidas siempre con profundo respeto. Entendiendo su papel como líder de la medicina en un país donde había, como las hay hoy, toda suerte de necesidades en materia de salud, tuvo por fuerza que intervenir en política, no como escalón para alcanzar preeminencia y poder sino para lograr oportunidades de servicio mejor a su pueblo, haciendo gala siempre de su gran sensibilidad social, de su profundo sentido liberal y democrático, y de su enorme preocupación por toda clase de injusticias. Aún le puedó tiempo para la literatura y fueron muchos los periódicos y revistas que guardan sus escritos y sus cuentos.

    De sus múltiples actividades médicas habré de referirme esta noche -por razones elementales de tiempo- sólo a su contribución al estudio de la fiebre amarilla en Santander, enfermedad que ha sido y debería seguir siendo motivo de preocupación permanente para la medicina nacional, no sin antes hacer una breve descripción de los antecedentes y del ambiente que en este cam po le tocó afrontar a Serpa.

    En efecto, entre las muchas epidemias que han azotado la patria tiene un puesto especial esta grave dolencia. Por ejemplo, ya casi no nos acordamos de la viruela que diezmó a la población indígena y que era frecuente en Bogotá hasta hace cuarenta años, todo gracias a esa maravillosa hazaña de la medicina preventiva que es haberla borrado de la faz del

  2. Encuadrando corazones: el encuadre arteterapeutico en el hospital infantil

    OpenAIRE

    Cock Moncada, Adriana

    2013-01-01

    El presente trabajo de investigación, pretende reflexionar acerca de las dificultades que existen al interior de un hospital infantil para establecer un encuadre arteterapéutico adecuado. Así mismo, trata de dar cuenta de los ajustes que se pueden realizar en la intervención arteterapéutica con relación al encuadre, para conseguir crear un espacio de creatividad saludable que ayude a mejorar la calidad de vida de los niños y niñas hospitalizados. Finalmente, intenta arrojar una luz para futur...

  3. Pasado y esperanza de un hospital Instituto Materno Infantil hospital universitario monumento nacional

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    Manuel Mercado Pedroza

    2002-07-01

    Full Text Available El Instituto Materno Infantil (IMI ha sido fundamentalmente una casa de educación en la cultura del respeto por la mujer, el recién nacido y la familia, en un país asolado por la muerte es un centro de vida y esperanza de un futuro mejor para todos. Ha sido un hospital comprometido con la misión de atender a la mujer y al binomio madre - recién nacido, especialmente aquellos de escasos recursos. El IMI es un hospital por el Género femenino, para el género humano.

  4. Doctor Roberto Serpa Novoa

    OpenAIRE

    Hernando Groot

    1991-01-01

    Discurso de Orden pronunciado en la sesión solemne conjunta con la Sociedad Colombiana de Historia de la Medicina, 28 de julio de 1988.

    La Academia Nacional de Medicina y la Sociedad Colombiana de Historia de la Medicina han acordado realizar esta sesión conjunta y solemne para conmemorar el centenario del nacimiento del profesor Roberto Serpa Novoa. Cumple así la Academia una de sus tareas más importantes, cual es l...

  5. Epidemiología de las lesiones por presión en los pacientes internados en el Hospital de Niños Dr. Roberto Gilbert Elizalde desde el mes de enero del 2013 a junio del 2014.

    OpenAIRE

    Neira Morante, Martha Leticia

    2015-01-01

    Determinar la epidemiología de las lesiones por presión en los pacientes internados en el hospital de niños Dr. Roberto Gilbert E. desde enero de 2013 a junio de 2014. -Objetivos Específicos. ¿ Identificar la causa de las lesiones por presión ¿ Establecer la edad, sexo, tipo y ubicación de la lesión más frecuentes. ¿ Relacionar el estado nutricional de los pacientes y la aparición de lesiones por presión. ¿ Describir la respuesta al tratamiento empleado Método. Estudio pr...

  6. Hígado graso agudo del embarazo: tres primeros casos en el Hospital Materno Infantil

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    Ariel I. Ruiz Parra

    1986-01-01

    Full Text Available We present three cases of acute fatty liver during pregnancy studied at the Hospital Materno Infantil of Bogotá; clinical laboratory and pathological results are discussed and knowledge and hypothesis about the disease entity are resumend, emphasiying the need to consider this diagnostic option when studying icteric patients during the third pregnancy trimester since instauration of support mea sures could contribute to a better prognosis.

  7. Fractures in Individuals with and without a History of Infantile Autism. A Danish Register Study Based on Hospital Discharge Diagnoses

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mouridsen, Svend Erik; Rich, Bente; Isager, Torben

    2012-01-01

    We compared the prevalence and types of fractures in a clinical sample of 118 individuals diagnosed as children with infantile autism (IA) with 336 matched controls from the general population. All participants were screened through the nationwide Danish National Hospital Register. The average observation time was 30.3 years (range 27.3-30.4…

  8. Roberto Petronzio (1949 – 2016)

    CERN Multimedia

    2016-01-01

    Our dear colleague Roberto Petronzio passed away on 28 July at the age of 67. He was a CERN fellow from 1977 until 1979, and then a staff member in the Theory division from 1980 until 1986. He played a significant role in our field as Professor at the University of Tor Vergata, as President of the INFN (2004-2011), and as a member of the CERN Council.   Roberto was a major contributor to the development of QCD. He was involved, among other projects, in the first complete calculation of the NLO anomalous dimensions, and in the resummation of soft gluon emission in partonic processes. He was also involved in the non-perturbative analysis of the theory. In particular, along with Cabibbo and Parisi, he was one of the first members of the APE collaboration, which managed to construct the famous series of supercomputers for numerical simulations. Together with Cabibbo and Martinelli, he proposed the use of lattice simulations to co...

  9. Hospital Infantil “Lorencita Villegas de Santos”, 35 Años

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    Alvaro López Pardo

    1990-12-01

    Full Text Available

    Algunos colegas académicos han tenido la gentileza de solicitarme que escriba unos apuntes sobre la iniciación de labores de esta gran obra que ha contribuido en forma def,initiva al progreso de la pediatría en nuestro país y a la salud de la infancia colombiana. Por creer que puede constituir un aporte a la historia de nuestra medicina, he aceptado relatar algunos de los hechos que, como primer director del nosocomio, me ha parecido que pueden ser de interés general.

    El 13 de mayo de 1955, con gran pompa y mucho movimiento de ejército, el entonces presidente de la República, general Gustavo Rojas Pinilla, inauguró el Hospital Infantil del Norte, como se le llamaba entonces. Concedió la Cruz de Boyacá a su síndico, don Camilo Sáenz y a la iniciadora y propulsora de la entidad, doña LorencitaYillegas de Santos. Tres días más tarde, el 16, se abrieron las puertas al público, que esperaba ansioso, desde tempranas horas y haciendo una fila de varias cuadras, la atención de sus pequeños hijos en el nuevo y flamante hospital.

    Pero, llegar a esas fechas no fue fácil, como no lo ha sido continuar la labor por 35 años. En 1939, siendo presidente de la República el doctor Eduardo Santos, un grupo de personas de buena voluntad, entre quienes se encontraba doña Elisa Copete de la Torre, se unieron a la primera dama, doña Lorencita Yillegas de Santos, con el objeto de fundar un hospital infantil en el sector norte de la ciudad, que completara los servicios que con tanta abnegación prestaba el Hospital de la Misericordia, fundado por la familia Barberi.

    Doña Lorencita, ese ser extraordinario, por su inteligencia, dinamismo y don de gentes, se dedicó a cristalizar esa idea; así como lo hi~o con muchas otras obras de gran trascendencia social, que perduran. Ella entendía que su labor como primera dama no podría ser sólo decorativa; tenía en sus manos el poder suficiente para realizar obras importantes y era

  10. Mortalidad infantil en el Hospital Docente Ginecoobstétrico de Guanabacoa (1998-2010 Infant mortality in the Guanabacoa Gynecology-Obstetric Teaching Hospital (1998-2010

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    Vivian Asunción Álvarez Ponce

    2011-12-01

    Full Text Available Introducción: La mortalidad infantil constituye un importante indicador que se utiliza para medir el estado de salud de la población. Entre sus componentes, la defunción neonatal precoz representa un reto para el ginecoobstetra, ya que su disminución está fundamentalmente relacionada con el seguimiento obstétrico durante el embarazo y el periodo del parto. Objetivo: Determinar el comportamiento de la tasa de mortalidad infantil, en el Hospital Docente Ginecoobstétrico de Guanabacoa, en el periodo comprendido entre el 1 de enero de 1998 y el 31 de diciembre del 2010. Métodos: Se realizó un estudio descriptivo, transversal y retrospectivo de todas las defunciones infantiles que ocurrieron en la institución. El universo de estudio estuvo conformado por las 74 defunciones infantiles de un total de 23 533 nacidos vivos. La información fue obtenida a partir del Comité de Mortalidad y de los registros del Departamento de Estadística de la Institución. Resultados: Se encontró que la tasa de mortalidad infantil durante esos 13 años fue de 3,9 x 1000 nacidos vivos, con tendencia al decrecimiento a partir de 2004. Las principales causas de muerte fueron infecciones, asfixia y malformaciones. Aunque predominó también el componente neonatal precoz, de 2,7 x 1000 nacidos vivos, este mostró una disminución en el periodo estudiado. Asimismo, vale señalar que desde el año 2008 no ha habido muertes neonatales tardías. Conclusiones: La tasa de mortalidad infantil del decenio fue 3,9 x 1000 nacidos vivos, con tendencia a la disminución del componente neonatal precoz. La sepsis constituyó el principal problema para la institución.Introduction: Infant mortality is an important indicator used to measure the population health status. Among its components, the early neonatal death is a challenge for the gynecology-obstetric specialist since its decrease is mainly related to the obstetric follow-up over pregnancy and delivery period. Objective

  11. Scientific and personal recollections of Roberto Petronzio

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    Parisi Giorgio

    2018-01-01

    Full Text Available This paper aims to recall some of the main contributions of Roberto Petronzio to physics, with a particular regard to the period we have been working together. His seminal contributions cover an extremely wide range of topics: the foundation of the perturbative approach to QCD, various aspects of weak interaction theory, from basic questions (e.g. the mass of the Higgs to lattice weak interaction, lattice QCD from the beginning to most recent computations.

  12. El contexto hospitalario infantil: el efecto de los payasos de hospital y otras intervenciones

    OpenAIRE

    García Pérez, Livia; Martín Luis, Diana; Mora Quintero, María Luisa

    2017-01-01

    En este trabajo se revisa la eficacia de las investigaciones basadas en las intervenciones de los payasos de hospital, terapia con mascotas y musicoterapia, para mejorar la situación de los niños en el hospital. Se seleccionaron 22 estudios encontrados en las bases de datos PubMed, EBSCOhost, Web of Science y CSIC, y 3 en referencias bibliográficas, de los cuales 13 utilizaron payasos de hospital, 6 incluyeron terapias con animales y 6 emplearon música. La mayorí...

  13. Fractures in Individuals With and Without a History of Infantile Autism. A Danish Register Study Based on Hospital Discharge Diagnoses

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Mouridsen, Svend-Erik; Rich, Bente; Isager, Torben

    2012-01-01

    observation time was 30.3 years (range 27.3-30.4 years), and mean age at follow-up was 42.7 years (range 27.3-57.3 years). Of the 118 individuals with IA, 14 (11.9%) were registered with at least one fracture diagnosis against 83 (24.7%) in the comparison group (p = 0.004; OR = 0.41; 95%CI 0......We compared the prevalence and types of fractures in a clinical sample of 118 individuals diagnosed as children with infantile autism (IA) with 336 matched controls from the general population. All participants were screened through the nationwide Danish National Hospital Register. The average.......22-0.76), but the nature of their fractures seems somewhat different. Epilepsy was a risk factor, but only in the comparison group. Our results lend no support to the notion that fracture is a common comorbid condition in a population of people diagnosed with IA as children....

  14. [Neoliberalism in health: the torture of the health care workers of the Bogota's Instituto Materno Infantil (child and maternity hospital)].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Abadía, César B; Pinilla, María Y A; Ariza, Katerine R; Ruíz, Héctor C S

    2012-06-01

    To link, from a historical point of view, the most significant transformations of the Instituto Materno Infantil (IMI) [the oldest child and maternity hospital of the country] during its process of crisis, closure and liquidation with the experiences of the hospital workers. To find experience-based and theoretical elements that can interconnect the process of health care privatization of the country with the workers' experiences of resistance and pain/suffering. Critically-oriented ethnography based on continuous collective field work, historical research (primary and secondary sources) and semi-structured interviews with 5 women who worked at the IMI for more than 15 years. A time line of 4 main periods: Los años de gloria [The golden years] (up to 1990); Llega el neoliberalismo [Neoliberalism arrives] (1990-2000); La crisis y las resistencias [Crisis and resistances] (2001-2005); and Liquidación [Liquidation (2006-20??)]. The narratives of the interviewed women unveil multiple aggressions that have intensified since 2006, have caused pain and suffering and are examples of violations of human and labour rights. We suggest to analyze the links between the different kinds of violence and pain and suffering as torture. This category is defined as the set of violent actions that cause physical and emotional pain, which are performed by actors in positions of power over other people who challenge that power and are part of modern States' ideological principles around a defined moral social order. For the IMI workers' case, the ideological principle that is being challenged is health care neoliberalism. From the analyses of bureaucracy, confinement, torturing agents, and the breaking-off of the body-mind unit we conclude that this relationship between neoliberalism and torture aims to eliminate the last health care workers of the country who had job stability and full-benefits through public labour contracts. Their elimination furthers the accumulation of capital

  15. La percepcion de las familias ante la animacion hospitalaria: estudio realizado en el Hospital Materno-Infantil de Oviedo

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    M Teresa Bermudez Rey

    2012-07-01

    Full Text Available En estas líneas se recoge parte de una investigación financiada por la Universidad de Oviedo, sobre la animación realizada en las plantas de Pediatría del Hospital Materno-Infantil de la capital asturiana.La animación hospitalaria es llevada a cabo por asociaciones de voluntariado de reconocida trayectoria: CRUZ ROJA, GALBÁN, (que realiza sólo animación con pacientes pediátricos oncológicos, Voluntariado de la Fundación “la Caixa” (que abre las puertas de las ciber@ulas a todos los niños ingresados en el centro sanitario y SED (Solidaridad, Educación y Desarrollo,En concreto se hace referencia a la opinión de los padres de niños hospitalizados sobre el empleo del tiempo libre de los enfermos, en el que se recogían aspectos como la ocupación del paciente en el tiempo libre; con quién lo comparte; el lugar de juego; la influencia, dedicación y relación con el voluntariado; los efectos que la animación  tiene sobre los enfermos y las familias; la existencia de animación con los hermanos del paciente pediátrico; así como las  características físicas que a su juicio, debieran reunir  tanto el hospital como  las habitaciones de los enfermos.El análisis del estudio, permite identificar la gran aceptación que los padres de los pacientes pediátricos muestran, con respecto a la animación hospitalaria llevada a cabo en el hospital por las cuatro asociaciones antes mencionadas, y pone de manifiesto las consecuencias positivas derivadas de la realización de la misma.Estos resultados avalan la necesidad de profesionalizar la animación hospitalaria, sin que ello suponga prescindir de las valiosas aportaciones del voluntariado. En  consonancia con lo cual se trazan unas líneas generales de actuación.

  16. Caracterización clínica del dengue en un hospital infantil de Cartagena (Colombia

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Diana Gómez Marrugo

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available Objetivo: Caracterizar las manifestaciones clínicas del dengue en pacientes pediátricos en una institución de salud de tercer nivel de Cartagena (Colombia. Materiales y métodos: Estudio descriptivo por revisión de historias clínicas de pacientes hospitalizados por dengue en el Hospital Infantil Napoleón Franco Pareja de la ciudad de Cartagena. Se evaluaron 136 niños con cuadros febriles agudos de etiología inaparente. Se utilizaron pruebas serológicas para confirmar la infección por el virus del dengue. Resultados: Se analizaron 98 casos de niños hospitalizados con diagnóstico de dengue. La edad osciló entre menores de 6 meses a 16 años, siendo el rango de edades con mayor frecuencia de la enfermedad de 10 a 16 años (33,7 %. Los signos y síntomas más frecuentes fueron: exantema (49,0 %, mialgia (35,7 %, cefalea (33,7 %, artralgia (33,7 %, anorexia (24,5 %, torniquete (19,4%, prurito (11,2 %, escalofrío (8,2 %, eritema facial (7,1 % y dolor retroocular (6,1 %. Conclusiones: La edad continúa siendo el factor predominante en la gravedad intrahospitalaria del dengue. Por lo tanto, se necesitan con urgencia medidas preventivas en la población pediátrica.

  17. Probiotics are effective in alleviating infantile colic; results of a randomized controlled trial held at benazir bhutto hospital rawalpindi, pakistan

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Ashraf, M.W.; Ayaz, S.B.; Ashraf, M.N.

    2015-01-01

    Objectives: This study aimed to assess the role of probiotics in alleviating infantile colic (IC) while targeting local population. In case of a positive outcome, its use could be suggested in pediatric health care facilities. Methodology: It was a non-blinded randomized control trial conducted at the department of pediatrics, Benazir Bhutto Hospital, Rawalpindi from 4th October 2012 to 3rd April 2013. Through non-probability consecutive sampling we included breast-fed infants of either sex of age 3 weeks (21 days) to 3 months (90 days) diagnosed with IC based on Wessel description. We divided them into two groups i.e. group-A and B who were given probiotics containing Lactobacillus reuteri and simethicone respectively. Results: Of 90 children, 45 children were in each group. Group-A had a mean age 48 ± 17 days and group-B had a mean age 50 ± 17 days. Maximum infants were in sub-group 21 - 45 days (55.6% and 51.1% respectively) in both the groups. The male gender dominated both groups (64.4% and 57.7% respectively). Significantly large percentage (p<0.001) of infants in group-A (86.7%) reached the landmark set for the efficacy confirmation than group-B (51.1%). The mean crying time for the group-A (39 ± 53 minutes) at the end of treatment was significantly shorter (p<0.001) than that of group-B (113 ± 54 minutes). No side effect was reported in the whole sample. Conclusion: Probiotics containing Lactobacillus reuteri significantly improved symptoms in managing IC than simethicaone with no side effects. (author)

  18. Diseño gráfico en el espacio público. Aplicación a un hospital infantil de Sevilla

    OpenAIRE

    Acosta Naranjo, Enrique

    1997-01-01

    La elección de un tema tan original e interesante como el que se presenta en este trabajo de investigación se debe a un cúmulo de circunstancias coincidentes y favorables. La posibilidad de realizar conjuntamente una línea de investigación en la que participara el diseño gráfico como actividad creativa y artística, su adecuación a un espacio público y su implantación a un hospital infantil ejerciendo funciones lúdicas, educativas y ambientales, ha representado un reto dentro del campo del dis...

  19. Linear Nevus Sebaceum Syndrome and Infantile Spasms

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    J Gordon Millichap

    2008-03-01

    Full Text Available Two infants with linear nevus sebaceum syndrome and infantile spasms are reported from Safra Childrens Hospital, Sheba Medical Center, Tel Hashomer, Israel; and Hospital for Sick Children, Toronto, Canada.

  20. Presentation of 60 Cases of Infantile Spasms Based on Etiology, Clinical Manifestation EEG and Brain CT Scan in Mofid Children Hospital

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    Mohammad Mehdi Taghdiri

    2002-06-01

    Full Text Available Objective: Among different epileptic syndrome infantile spasm is one of the most malignant forms which cause irrepairable brain damage in the child. Consequently the longer this type of epilepsy lasts the more harmful results will follow. The majority of children with infantile spasm are younger than one year age and only 5 percent of affected children are in the age group above one year. Materials & Methods: This descriptive study was done on 60 (36 male and 24 female infants 2-24 months age with clinical examination, observation, interview and questionnaire  in pediatric neurology department of Mofid children hospital during two years. Results: From 60 patients (36 male and 24 female, 48 case (80% symptomatic and 12 case (20% cryptogenic and idiopathic. Based on clinical manifestation 35 case (58% were flexor type. 6 case (10% extensor and 19 cases (32% mixed. In EEG hypsarrhythmia in all patients was seen. Brain CT scan in 11 cases showed brain atrophy and in remainder was normal. Conclusion: In our study etiologically symptomatic and clinically flexor type was more common. Hysparrhythmia in all patients was seen and brain CT scan in 80% of patients was normal.

  1. Infantile sexuality

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Zeuthen, Katrine Egede; Gammelgård, Judy

    2010-01-01

    When first presented, Freud´s theory of infantile sexuality was a scandal. Not only was the claim that the small child sucking at the mother´s breast experiences a kind of pleasure that Freud without hesitation named sexual, the theory also turned the common understanding of human sexuality up-si...

  2. Démarche estratégica em unidade materno infantil hospitalar Démarche estratégica en unidad materna infantil hospitalaria Strategic Démarche in a mother and child hospital unit

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Maria Angélica Carvalho Andrade

    2009-02-01

    Full Text Available OBJETIVO: O enfoque démarche estratégica problematiza a dissociação entre direção estratégica da instituição e nível operacional, em busca do planejamento contínuo e flexível de projetos. O objetivo do trabalho foi descrever a aplicação deste enfoque na avaliação de unidade hospitalar. PROCEDIMENTOS METODOLÓGICOS: Foi realizada aplicação adaptada do enfoque na unidade materno-infantil de hospital público estadual, localizado no município da Serra, ES, como análise da gestão hospitalar, com envolvimento indireto dos atores institucionais que se constituíram nos informantes-chave no período de abril a julho de 2006. Além de reuniões com atores-chave, os dados foram obtidos nas fontes: livros de registros de internações do centro obstétrico, da maternidade e do berçário, faturamento do hospital, relatório estatísitico dos resultados perinatais da unidade materno infantil; livros de atendimento do ambulatório de aleitamento materno, considerando o ano de 2005. RESULTADOS: Os segmentos mais valorizados foram: unidade intensiva neonatal, centro cirúrgico obstétrico e centro obstétrico. Também obteve alta valorização o Programa de Atenção Humanizada à Mãe e ao Recém-nascido. Os principais pontos fracos evidenciados foram: baixa articulação com a rede (parceria com a rede municipal; insuficiência de leitos e de investimento tecnológico necessários para atender a demanda; rotatividade profissional devido aos vínculos temporários; e deficiente implementação da humanização comprometendo os fatores estratégicos de êxito dos segmentos. CONCLUSÕES: Os resultados mostram o potencial do método para problematizar a missão e para a análise da gestão hospitalar apontando estratégias para melhoria da qualidade e competitividade dos segmentos e para maior inserção e integração na rede de serviços.OBJETIVO: El enfoque démarche estratégica enfoca el problema de la disociación entre direcci

  3. Brincar no hospital: estratégia de enfrentamento da hospitalização infantil Playing in the hospital: coping strategy in child hospitalization

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Alessandra Brunoro Motta

    2004-04-01

    Full Text Available Estudos indicam que a hospitalização pode afetar o desenvolvimento da criança, interferindo na qualidade de vida. Para lidar com essa situação, o brincar tem funcionado como estratégia de enfrentamento. Procurando-se avaliar a importância dada ao brincar pela criança e caracterizar atividades lúdicas possíveis no hospital, 28 crianças hospitalizadas com câncer (6-12 anos, em Vitória/ES, foram entrevistadas e responderam a um instrumento especialmente elaborado (AEH - Avaliação das Estratégias de Enfrentamento da Hospitalização - Conjunto B: Brincar no hospital, contendo 20 desenhos de brinquedos e brincadeiras, classificados em jogos de Exercícios, Simbólicos, de Acoplagem, de Regras e Atividades Diversas. 78,6% das crianças relataram que gostariam de brincar no hospital, o que é justificado principalmente pela sua função lúdica, na companhia de outras crianças internadas. Não houve diferenças significativas nas escolhas entre as categorias de brincadeiras. O instrumento mostrou que o brincar pode ser um recurso adequado para a adaptação da criança hospitalizada, permitindo personalizar a intervenção.Studies have shown that the hospitalization can affect a child development interfering with his/her quality of life. In order to deal with this situation, the act of playing has worked as a coping strategy. With the purpose to assess of the importance children give to play and to characterize possible playful activities in the hospital, 28 children hospitalized with cancer (6-12 years in Vitória, ES, were interviewed and took part on an instrument specially developed (AEH Evaluation of the Coping Strategies of the Hospitalization - group B: Playing in the hospital, consisting of 20 drawings of toys and games classified in games of Exercises, Symbolic Game, Game of Connection, Game of Rules and a variety of Activities. 78,6% of the children said that they would like playing in the hospital, which is justified mainly

  4. Frecuencia de autolesiones y características clínicas asociadas en adolescentes que acudieron a un hospital psiquiátrico infantil

    OpenAIRE

    Ulloa Flores, Rosa Elena; Contreras Hernández, Cecilia; Paniagua Navarrete, Karina; Victoria Figueroa, Gamaliel

    2013-01-01

    Introducción Aunque los estudios de autolesiones en adolescentes han señalado a la psicopatología como un factor de riesgo, existe poca información del fenómeno en población clínica en México. Método El presente estudio examinó las características demográficas y clínicas, así como los tipos, frecuencia y motivos para autolesionarse de 556 adolescentes que acudieron a un hospital psiquiátrico infantil de 2005 a 2011 por medio de la revisión de su expediente. Resultados Dentro de las caracterís...

  5. Paradoxes of social subjection: Noche terrible by Roberto Arlt

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    Carlos Hernán Sosa

    2013-12-01

    Full Text Available The article analyses the way in which the ever-present theme of the bourgeois marriage in the narrative works of the Argentinean writer Roberto Arlt also features in his short story Noche terrible and in less pronounced form in other accounts included in the volume El Jorobadito. Through a detailed analysis of the discourse representation of the moral and social alienation which the lead character of Noche terrible experiences on the eve of his marriage,it is possible to reconstruct the wearisome processes by which, in the narrative of Roberto Arlt, the cogs of society subordinate individuals and thus preventany from escaping from inexorable class constraints.

  6. Frequency of allergy to cow’s milk proteins and its association to other allergic diseases in patients of Hospital Infantil de Mexico Federico Gomez

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    María Teresa Robles-Vargas

    2014-09-01

    Full Text Available Background: The cow’s milk protein allergy is the most common food allergy among children under two years and is associated with other atopic diseases. Objective: To evaluate cow’s milk protein allergy frequency in patients sensitized to them, attended at the consultation of Immunology and Allergy in the Hospital Infantil de México Federico Gómez, and its association with other atopic diseases. Material and method: A cross-sectional, analytical and descriptive study that reviewed medical records of patients aged 0-19 years, attended at the consultation of Immunology and Allergy in the Hospital Infantil de México Federico Gómez, from January 2010 to January 2013, sensitized to the cow’s milk protein by in vitro or in vivo studies, mediated or not by IgE, to determine its association with other atopic diseases during the course of their clinical evolution. Results: We included 252 patients with symptoms suggestive of cow’s milk protein allergy, which was diagnosed only in 15.1% by oral challenge. In relation to respiratory symptoms, about two-thirds of patients had rhinorrhea, nasal obstruction and nasal itching. Regarding gastrointestinal symptoms, about a third had abdominal pain, diarrhea and abdominal distension, being statistically significant. The most common dermatologic symptom, statistically significant, was xerosis. The most frequently associated atopic diseases were food allergy (76.3%, allergic rhinitis (65.8%, asthma (47.4% and atopic dermatitis (23%. Conclusions: The cow’s milk protein allergy can be associated with other atopic diseases, such as allergy to other foods, allergic rhinitis, asthma and atopic dermatitis.

  7. INFANTILE HAEMANGIOMA

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    Maria Armanda Passas

    2016-06-01

    Full Text Available Infantile hemangiomas are the most common softtissue tumors of infancy, occurring in approximately 3 to 10 percent of one-year-old children, with predominance in females. Despite the frequency of these tumors, their pathogenesis is not completely understood, and the best approach to their management remains controversial. They have a well-described natural history of rapid growth during early infancy followed by gradual involution, often leading to complete regression. Because of their spontaneous involution, most infantile hemangiomas do not require therapeutic intervention. However, in 10 to 15 % of cases, treatment is necessary because of local complications, life or physiological functioning is threatened or the long-term esthetic risk is too high.

  8. Maltrato infantil en hijos de madres adolescentes en el Hospital Docente Ginecoobstétrico de Guanabacoa (2005-2006 Infantile ill-treatment in children from adolescent mothers born in the Gynecologic and Obstetrics Teaching Hospital of Guanabacoa (2005-2006

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    Ana Campo González

    2011-12-01

    Full Text Available Introducción: El síndrome de maltrato infantil es un fenómeno que surge con el hombre. No se presenta de forma aislada, sino que involucra gran variedad de factores biopsicosociales. Objetivo: Caracterizar el maltrato infantil en los hijos de madres adolescentes. Métodos: Se realizó un estudio descriptivo, prospectivo longitudinal de todos los hijos de madres adolescentes que nacieron en el Hospital Ginecoobstétrico de Guanabacoa, durante el periodo 2005-2006. La muestra la conformaron 62 niños en los cuales se constató maltrato. Estos fueron seguidos en consulta mensualmente hasta el año de edad. Se utilizó como fuente de información las historias clínicas de las madres, y el interrogatorio que se les realizó. Los resultados fueron expuestos en tablas. Resultados: El 82,3 % correspondió a madres de 15-19 años, el 50,1 % correspondió a las madres solteras, en un 74,2 % existía disfunción familiar. Coexistió antecedentes de maltrato en las madres en un 60,3 %; la manifestación de maltrato de mayor incidencia en los niños fue la negligencia física con un 62,9 %. Conclusiones: La negligencia física se observa de manera frecuente en las madres adolescentes.Introduction: The infantile ill-treatment syndrome is a phenomenon appearing with the man. It is not present in a isolated way, but involving many biosychosocial factors. Objective: To characterize the infantile ill-treatment in children from adolescent mothers. Methods: A longitudinal, prospective and descriptive study was conducted in all children from adolescent mothers born in the Gynecology and Obstetric Hospital of Guanabacoa during 2005-2006. Sample included 62 children in whom it was possible to confirm the ill-treatment and who were followed-up monthly in the consultation until the first year old. As information source authors used the medical records of mothers and the questioning performed in them. Results were showed in tables. Results: The 82.3 % belonged to

  9. Guillermo Gomez-Pena & Roberto Sifuentes / Guillermo Gomez-Pena, Roberto Sifuentes ; interv. Tilman Baumgärtel

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Gomez-Pena, Guillermo

    2006-01-01

    1997. a. Linzis tehtud intervjuu mehhiko-ameerika kunstnike Guillermo Gomez-Pena ja Roberto Sifuentesega, kes töötavad alates 1994. aastast ühiselt performance'ite ja installatsioonide kallal, 1994. a. produtseerisid televisiooniperformance'i "Naftaztec: Pirate-Cyber-TV for A:D: 2000". Võrguprojektist "Cyber Vato", performance'itest ja muust

  10. Diversão em movimento: um projeto lúdico para crianças hospitalizadas no Serviço de Oncologia Pediátrica do Instituto Materno Infantil Prof. Fernando Figueira, IMIP Ludotherapy for hospitalized children: a ludotherapy program for hospitalized children in the Pediatrics Oncology Unit of the Instituto Materno Infantil Prof. Fernando Figueira, IMIP

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Arli Melo Pedrosa

    2007-03-01

    Full Text Available O presente trabalho descreve as atividades lúdicas desenvolvidas na enfermaria de oncologia pediátrica do Instituto Materno Infantil Prof. Fernando Figueira (IMIP, com 60 pacientes portadores de neoplasias malignas, no período de janeiro de 2004 a janeiro de 2005. Descreve também as etapas do Projeto e apresenta os resultados obtidos, correlacionando as etapas do desenvolvimento da aprendizagem com os instrumentos lúdicos utilizados como recurso minimizador do processo de hospitalização, através dos itens mais solicitados, considerando, para essa análise, as idéias de Jean Piaget e Bruno Bettelheim.This paper describes a ludotherapy program implemented in the pediatrics oncology ward of the Instituto Materno Infantil Prof. Fernando Figueira (IMIP with 60 malignant neoplasia patients from January 2004 to January 2005. It describes the phases of the project, demonstrates results obtained, relating learning development phases and ludic tools used as a resource to mitigate hospitalization hardships through the most requested items. Jean Piaget and Bruno Bettelheim concepts were used in this assessment.

  11. Italian Physical Society A journey with Roberto in lattice QCD

    CERN Document Server

    Lüscher, M

    2017-01-01

    Lattice field theory and lattice QCD, in particular, are areas of research in which Roberto was strongly interested practically since the beginning of his scientific career. He contributed to the development of lattice QCD through his ideas and publications, but also through his engagement in the APE project and in many other ways as well. Some of the work we did together is recalled in this talk and put in the context of the situation in the field at the time.

  12. Infantile colic

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    Aleksandra Rurarz

    2016-12-01

    Full Text Available Infantile colic is one of the most common functional gastrointestinal disorders in infants, usually occurring between 2 weeks to 4 months of age. According to the definition, infantile colic is characterised by episodes of inconsolable crying, generally observed in the evening. Although these symptoms usually resolve spontaneously in the first six months of life, they often cause parental anxiety, leading to repeated medical appointments in search for help. Despite 40 years of research, the causes of this disorder are still unclear; hypersensitivity to cow’s milk protein, lactose intolerance, impaired gut microbiota, immaturity of the nervous system, the negative impact of tobacco smoke, inappropriate childcare techniques and psychosocial factors are believed to be involved in the pathogenesis. The treatment involves behavioural methods, i.e. reducing infant exposure to external stimuli. Breastfeeding mothers are advised to eliminate caffeine and hot spices from their diet and, in some cases, switch to a dairy-free diet. For formula-fed infants, it is recommended to use hydrolysates with a high degree of hydrolysis. Simethicone is commonly used in the pharmacological treatment as it reduces the surface tension of intestinal gases, enabling their easier elimination. The Rome III Diagnostic Criteria recommend to appropriately continue any method if considered effective by the parents, provided that there are no harmful consequences.

  13. Caracterización del paciente pediatrico quemado en un hospital infantil de Cartagena (Colombia), 2015: estudio descriptivo.

    OpenAIRE

    herazo beltran, Yaneth; dominguez anaya, Regina; hernandez escolar, Jacqueline; Puello, ana

    2015-01-01

    Objective: to describe the epidemiological characteristic, clinic and the intervention giving to burn patients treated in a Cartagena Children hospital (Colombia) during theyears 2005 to 2009. Materials and Methods: this was a retrospective descriptive study; we reviewed clinical report of 423 burn patients. Analyzed the causal agent, degree of burn, location, area of total burned surface, treatment performed in the children’s Hospital and the complications, among others. Result: the 65,7% of...

  14. Maltrato infantil y del adolescente registrado en un hospital de referencia nacional, 2006 - 2011 Child and adolescent abuse recorded at a national referral hospital, 2006 - 2011

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Lorena Escalante-Romero

    2012-03-01

    Full Text Available Objetivos. Realizar una descripción de los registros del Instituto Nacional de Salud del Niño (INSN, desde enero de 2006 hasta septiembre de 2011, sobre maltrato infantil y del adolescente, lo cual permite la caracterización del agredido y del agresor. Materiales y métodos. Se realizó un análisis de fuentes secundarias, basado en registros de la "Ficha de evaluación de violencia familiar y maltrato infantil", aplicada por el Módulo de Atención al Maltrato Infantil y del Adolescente en Salud (MAMIS del INSN. La ficha incluye datos del agredido, del agresor y las características de la agresión. Se diferenció el tipo de agresión como: sexual, física, psicológica o por abandono. Se muestran los resultados en frecuencias y porcentajes. Resultados. Se incluyeron 1798 registros. El 63,9% eran niñas y el 39,9% fueron adolescentes. El 60,6% de los agresores fueron varones y el 65,8% de las agresiones ocurrieron en casa. El 48,6% fueron registros de agresión sexual, que fue más frecuente en niñas (73,2% y adolescentes (44,4%; en el 9,6% de los casos existió coito. Conclusiones. En los registros del MAMIS del INSN, la agresión en niñas fue la más frecuente; el agresor con frecuencia era un varón y la mayoría de las agresiones ocurrieron en el domicilio del menor. La agresión sexual fue casi la mitad de la serie.Objectives. To describe the records of child and adolescent abuse of the Instituto Nacional de Salud del Niño (INSN from January 2006 to September 2011, characterizing the victim and perpetrator. Materials and methods. A secondary sources analysis was performed, based on the domestic violence and child abuse records, from froms administered by Child Abuse and Adolescent Health Unit (MAMIS at the INSN. The records include data of the victim, offender and characteristics of the aggression. Types of aggression were categorized as: sexual, physical, psychological or neglection. Frequencies and percentages are presented

  15. La idea moderna en la obra de Roberto Goycoolea Infante

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Gonzalo Cerda Brintrup

    1995-12-01

    Full Text Available Pasada ya la llamada Primera Modernidad Arquitectónica o Pre-Moderno, que en Concepción se desarrolla con fuerza a partir del terremoto de 1939 y hasta aproximadamente el terremoto de 1960, una nueva generación de arquitectos renueva y profundiza el ideario y los postulados modernistas para la arquitectura y la ciudad. A partir de ese momento surge la obra de Roberto Goycoolea I. en Concepción. Ella está, por consiguiente, inscrita en un movimiento mayor, en el que se destacan los nombres de Osvaldo Cáceres G., Gabriela González y muchos otros.

  16. Roberto Bolaño, vaganz, stilnovista, caballero salvaje

    OpenAIRE

    Perea Esparragoza, Mónica Marcela

    2012-01-01

    Roberto Bolaño, vaganz, stilnovista, caballero salvaje, es un trabajo que tiene entre sus hipótesis sustentar algunas de las influencias medievales que se perciben en la producción de este autor, las cuales se pueden rastrear no solo en la literatura que produjo sino en la vida goliarda que llevó. Esta investigación persiguió hacer un análisis de sus novelas, principalmente, antes de 1998 y de Los detectives salvajes, para notar en esta última la actualización de modelos medievales explicados...

  17. Caracterización de los pacientes con labio y paladar hendido y de la atención brindada en el Hospital Infantil Universitario de Manizales (Colombia), 2010

    OpenAIRE

    Charry, Ingrid; Aguirre, Mónica Lorena; Castaño Castrillón, José Jaime; Gómez, Brenda Juliana; Higuera, Juliana; Mateus, Gloria Lucía; Montes, Diana; Villegas, Oscar

    2012-01-01

    Antecedentes: El labio y paladar hendido es la malformación más común de cabeza y cuello en el medio colombiano, es una patología multifactorial determinada por alteraciones genéticas y ambientales. Se da en uno de cada 900 nacidos vivos afectando a varones en una mayor proporción. El objetivo del presente estudio es registrar las características sociodemográficas, clínicas y de tratamiento de 118 pacientes los pacientes con labio y paladar hendido atendidos en el Hospital Infantil Universita...

  18. Patologías prevalentes en hospitalizados con LabioLeporino y/o Paladar Hendido del Hospital Materno-Infantil “Germán Urquidi”, Julio 2007-Agosto 2011

    OpenAIRE

    Alejandro Méndez Pardo; Edgar López Saavedra

    2011-01-01

    El siguiente trabajo pretende determinar las patologías que prevalecen en pacientes hospitalizados con labioleporino y/o paladar hendido del hospital Materno-Infantil “Germán Urquidi”, julio 2007- agosto 2011, ademásdeterminar la relación con el sexo, procedencia y tipos de paladar hendido y/o labio leporino de los pacientes.La investigación es de carácter descriptivo, retrospectivo. De un total de 11.735 pacientes hospitalizados pordiversas patologías se analizaron 28 historias clínicas (15 ...

  19. Kawasaki disease: a rare pediatric pathology in Mexico. Twenty cases report from the Hospital Infantil del Estado de Sonora.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sotelo, Norberto; González, Luis Antonio

    2007-01-01

    Kawasaki disease (KD) is an etiological illness that is relatively unknown and scarcely identified in Mexico; it affects children mainly aged 1-4 years, evolves with fever, vasculitis in diverse organs, and in the heart the disease mainly affects the coronary arteries. Our aim was to inform the clinical findings and evolution of 20 patients diagnosed with KD. We reviewed the patient clinical files retrospectively and descriptively to obtain information with regard to age, sex, clinical signs, laboratory and consultory results, echocardiography findings, complications, evolution during hospitalization, followup, and out-patient ambulatory consultations. Eighteen patients were male, two were female, six developed coronary damage, two aortic mitral-valve insufficiency, one pericardial shedding, and one, myocarditis. All patients received gamma globulin treatment with aspirin, and 16 were controlled during 6-8 months after the acute medical profile. The opportune clinical diagnostic it is fundamental to establish an early treatment with gammmaglobuline to avoid injuries in the arterial coronary level. This injury may cause eventualy ischemia or myocardial infarct

  20. Estado actual de la Videotelemetría en el servicio de Neurología del Hospital Universitario Infantil de San José 2012-2013

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    Jean Paul Vergara Aguilar

    2014-04-01

    Full Text Available Introducción: La hospitalización para videomonitoreo electroencefalográfico a largo y corto plazo se ha consolidado como una herramienta de diagnóstico en la evaluación prequirúrgica de las epilepsias, la caracterización de los síndromes epilépticos y la documentación de frecuencia de las crisis. Objetivo: Describir los hallazgos encontrados en estudios de videotelemetría realizados en el servicio de neurofisiología del Hospital Infantil Universitario San José, 2012-2013. Métodos: Este es un estudio observacional descriptivo de corte transversal. Se revisaron un total de 330 videotelemetrías, y las historias clínicas. De estas 123 cumplieron todos los criterios de inclusión. Resultados: El promedio de edad fue de 17,7 años (DE ± 17,65 con un rango entre 7 meses y 77 años, solo dos pacientes registraron edades menores de un año y con un mayor número de mujeres 64 (52%. En 2012 se realizaron 69 estudios (56.1%, en 2013 se realizaron 54 estudios que corresponde al (43%. De todas las telemetrías realizadas, se revisaron las indicaciones, 21 (17,1% no tenían epilepsia como el diagnóstico previo, 36 (29,3% tenían diagnóstico de epilepsia focal. Del total de videotelemetrías en 81 (65,9% no hubo registro de crisis. En 14 (11,4% de los registros se encontró un inicio frontal de la descarga. En 81 (65,9 % no hubo registro de actividad ictal. Conclusiones: La monitorización electroencefalográfica continua es de gran utilidad y ofrece un apoyo en el diagnóstico diferencial de fenómenos clínicos epilépticos y no epilépticos y en la confirmación del tipo específico de epilepsia o síndrome epiléptico que padecen los pacientes.

  1. What time is it? Roberto Schwarz and criticism of contemporary

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    Leonardo Octavio Belinelli de Brito

    2017-12-01

    Full Text Available The article analyzes the formulations of Roberto Schwarz about the world and Brazilian contemporary, which are inseparable. We will take as objects of analysis some of the tests that the critic published in several of his books, from the householder and other studies , passing the time ?, by Brazilian sequences and reaching Martinha versus Lucrezia. The interpretation proposed text is that Schwarz's work can be interpreted as a constant reflection - so always up to date - on the impasses of Brazilian modernization In this sense, the work will also seek to observe how the materialist dialectic method used by Schwarz , It may indicate the connections between the various plans that make up the national life.

  2. Hospital Psiquiátrico Infantil Dr. Juan N. Navarro: 50 años de atención a la salud mental de niños y adolescentes en México

    OpenAIRE

    Márquez-Caraveo, Maria Elena; Arroyo-García, Eduardo; Granados-Rojas, Armida; Ángeles-Llerenas, Angélica

    2017-01-01

    Resumen: La atención de la salud mental y de los trastornos psiquiátricos de niños y adolescentes a lo largo de 50 años de servicio (1966-2016) en el Hospital Psiquiátrico Infantil Dr. Juan N. Navarro (HPI), y el desarrollo progresivo de la enseñanza y la investigación han contribuido al posicionamiento de éste como institución líder en la atención médica de alta especialidad. El hospital ha evolucionado en la atención diagnóstica y terapéutica de pacientes ambulatorios a través de la creació...

  3. Académico Correspondiente. CARLOS ROBERTO SILVA MOJICA (Abril 22, 1919 - Enero 12, 2015

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    Fernando Sánchez Torres

    2015-03-01

    Full Text Available Natural de Tasco, Boyacá, Carlos Roberto Silva Mojica recibió el grado de médico en la Universidad Nacional en 1946. Su tesis de grado, “Sufrimiento fetal” hacía presagiar que su especialidad sería la misma de su tío Carlos Julio Mojica, profesor de Clínica Obstétrica en el Instituto Materno Infantil. En efecto, Silva Mojica inició allí su periplo como especialista y como docente de la Facultad de Medicina de la Nacional. En 1945, un grupo conformado por profesores de las universidades Nacional y Javeriana dio inicio al estudio formal de los procedimientos psicosomáticos de analgesia obstétrica preconizados desde 1933 en Inglaterra por Grantly Dick Read a través de su libro Nacimiento sin temor. Principios y práctica del parto sin dolor. De ese grupo sobresalió el doctor Silva Mojica, pues de todos fue el más denodado defensor y divulgador del llamado “parto psicoprofíláctico”. En 1955, durante el Primer Seminario de Educación Médica y por iniciativa suya, entre las recomendaciones relacionadas con la cátedra de Obstetricia se acogió la siguiente: “Recalcar al estudiante y al personal docente la necesidad de la preparación psicológica, o mejor psicoprofiláctica, en su doble aspecto educativo y afectivo, para lograr la colaboración activa y apacible de la parturienta en losprocesos de su parto”. Liderado por Silva Mojica, en 1956 se creó, con fines de investigación, el “Equipo Médico de Estudios Psicofisicos de Analgesia Obstétrica (Emesfao”, que mantuvo vigente el interés por el enfoque psicoanalítico de la obstetricia. Desde un comienzo, Emesfao fijó una posición ecléctica ante la diversidad de criterios respecto a estos sistemas, y puso en práctica un método psicoprofiláctico integrado con elementos de las principales escuelas, cuya diferencia estribaba en la interpretación neurofisiológica y psicológica de la indolorización del parto. Dado que la psicoprofilaxis obstétrica hab

  4. Recurrent infantile digital fibromatosis

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    We present a case of an 8-year-old-boy with recurrent infantile digital fibromatosis (IDF) who presented with new ... Keywords: fibrous tumors, inclusion body fibromatosis, infantile digital fibromatosis, spindle cells, Reye tumor .... watch-and-wait strategy for patients with histologically confirmed IDF nodules that do not cause ...

  5. voyage in italy: roberto rossellini's non–dualistic view of the world ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    User

    Rossellini adopted in his film, Voyage in Italy (1954)1 to show that. Rossellini .... French when nine out of twelve writers for the Italian film journal ...... Roberto Esposito wrote that Italian philosophy has been traditionally open to the conflicts.

  6. Literatura infantil sobre problemas infantiles: la diabetes

    OpenAIRE

    Lázaro Fernández, Patricia

    2015-01-01

    Debido al creciente número de casos de diabetes infantil que se está dando en la sociedad actual, no es raro encontrarse en las aulas cada vez más casos de esta enfermedad. Por esta razón, he decidido analizar dos libros sobre esta temática, para hacer un acercamiento del material seleccionado a las aulas y poder desarrollar junto con los niños un aprendizaje colectivo y cooperativo. En este trabajo se expone la importancia de la literatura y la literatura infantil como una ...

  7. Violencia y TV infantil

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Valerio Fuenzalida

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available Se establece tres razones para discrepar del “criterio reduccionista” que relaciona la violencia televisiva con la violencia real, particularmente en lo atinente a la televisión infantil. A base de las motivaciones infantiles para ver televisión, propone algunas líneas de acción que superen ese reduccionismo y optimicen la relación niños-televisión.

  8. Homenagem a Luiz Roberto Graça

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    Patrícia Póvoa de Mattos

    2010-12-01

    Full Text Available Desde o início de suas atividades, a Embrapa Florestas se preocupou em divulgar seus principais resultados de pesquisa por meio do Boletim de Pesquisa Florestal (BPF, lançado em 1980. Com o passar do tempo, percebeu-se a necessidade de modernizar o Boletim, ajustando seu formato aos novos tempos. O Engenherio Agrônomo, Pesquisador e Doutor em Economia, Luiz Roberto Graça foi chamado para liderar este processo de reformulação do BPF. Meticuloso, persistente e paciente, Dr. Graça deu novo formato ao antigo Boletim, transformando-o no periódico Pesquisa Florestal Brasileira (PFB. Novos processos foram inseridos na revista, a revisão dos artigos submetidos ganhou mais agilidade, a ampliação do número de revisores ad hoc impôs maior rigor na seleção dos trabalhos e diminui-se a endogamia antes existente no Boletim.
    Em 2008, o Dr. Graça aposentou-se da Embrapa, indo para um merecido descanso após tantos anos de dedicação à Empresa. Infelizmente, nos deixou precocemente em outubro de 2010. Sua ausência será muito sentida, tanto nos resultados de pesquisa quanto em sua calma para organizar o trabalho. Por isso, a PFB, em reconhecimento aos esforços e contribuições do Dr. Graça, aqui o homenageia, com a certeza que sua marca estará sempre estampada na pesquisa florestal no Brasil.

  9. Hiperostosis cortical infantil

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    Salvador Javier Santos Medina

    2015-04-01

    Full Text Available La enfermedad de Caffey, o hiperostosis cortical infantil, es una rara enfermedad ósea autolimitada, que aparece de preferencia en lactantes con signos inespecíficos sistémicos; el más relevante es la reacción subperióstica e hiperostosis en varios huesos del cuerpo, con predilección en el 75-80 % de los casos por la mandíbula. Su pronóstico es bueno, la mayoría no deja secuelas. El propósito del presente trabajo es describir las características clínicas, presentes en un lactante de cinco meses de edad, atendido en el Hospital Pediátrico Provincial “Mártires de Las Tunas” con este diagnóstico, quien ingresó en el servicio de miscelánea B por una celulitis facial. Presentaba aumento de volumen en la región geniana izquierda, febrícola e inapetencia. Se impuso tratamiento con cefazolina y se egresó a los siete días. Acudió nuevamente con tumefacción blanda y difusa de ambas hemicaras, irritabilidad y fiebre. Se interconsultó con cirugía maxilofacial, se indicaron estudios sanguíneos y radiológicos. Se diagnosticó como enfermedad de Caffey, basado en la edad del niño, tumefacción facial sin signos inflamatorios agudos e hiperostosis en ambas corticales mandibulares a la radiografía AP mandíbula; unido a anemia ligera, leucocitosis y eritrosedimentación acelerada. El paciente se trató sintomáticamente y con antinflamatorios no esteroideos. Esta rara entidad se debe tener presente en casos de niños y lactantes con irritabilidad y fiebre inespecífica

  10. Infantilism: Theoretical Construct and Operationalization

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sabelnikova, Y. V.; Khmeleva, N. L.

    2018-01-01

    The aim of this article is to define and operationalize the construct of infantilism. The methods of theoretical research involve analysis and synthesis. Age and content criteria are analyzed for childhood and adulthood. Infantile traits in an adult are described. Results: The characteristics of adult infantilism in the modern world are defined,…

  11. A arteterapia e a promoção do desenvolvimento infantil no contexto da hospitalização Arteterapia y la promoción del desarrollo infantil en el contexto de la hospitalización Art therapy and child development in a hospitalization context

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ana Cláudia Afonso Valladares

    2011-09-01

    Full Text Available O presente estudo teve como objetivos avaliar e comparar o desenvolvimento de crianças hospitalizadas, antes e após intervenções de Arteterapia. Esta pesquisa descritiva-exploratória realizou-se por meio de estudos de caso de fundo qualitativo, baseados na avaliação desenvolvimental de crianças. A pesquisa contou com cinco participantes na faixa etária entre sete e dez anos, no Hospital de Doenças Tropicais (HDT de Goiânia, Goiás, em 2006. Seus resultados mostraram que as intervenções de Arteterapia foram eficazes na promoção do desenvolvimento infantil. Concluiu-se, então, que a Arteterapia constitui-se num meio para canalizar, de maneira positiva, as variáveis do desenvolvimento da criança hospitalizada e neutralizar os fatores de ordem afetiva que, naturalmente, surgem, além de expor os potenciais mais saudáveis da criança, por vezes pouco estimulados no contexto da hospitalização.Las finalidades de este estudio fueron las de evaluar y comparar el desarrollo de niños hospitalizados, antes y después de intervenciones de Arteterapia. Esta investigación descriptiva-exploratoria nos permitió realizar estudios de caso cualitativos, basados en la evaluación del desarrollo de niños. Participaron del estudio cinco participantes con edad entre siete y diez años, en el Hospital de Enfermedades Tropicales (HDT de Goiânia, Goiás, Brasil, en 2006. Los resultados mostraron que las intervenciones de Arteterapia fueron eficaces en la promoción del desarrollo infantil. Se concluye que la Arteterapia es un recurso para canalizar, de manera positiva, las variables del desarrollo del niño hospitalizado y neutralizar los factores de orden afectivo que, naturalmente, surgen, además de exponer los potenciales más sanos del niño, por veces poco estimulados en el contexto de la hospitalización.This study aimed to evaluate and compare the development of hospitalized children before and after art therapy interventions. Qualitative

  12. La educación musical entre el alumnado de Educación Infantil del colegio "Hospital infantil universitario Niño Jesús" : una propuesta de intervención educativa

    OpenAIRE

    Palmero Guerrero, Elvira

    2015-01-01

    Con este Trabajo de Fin de Grado, pretendemos mostrar los beneficios que posee la música en la educación de los niños enfermos, concretamente alumnos pertenecientes al "Colegio Hospital Niño Jesús de Madrid". Para ello, hemos diseñado una propuesta de intervención educativa basada en la realización de trece actividades en las que la música juega un papel principal dentro de la formación integral del niño. Para la puesta en práctica de éstas, hemos tenido en cuenta la situación específica del ...

  13. El maltrato infantil

    OpenAIRE

    Mazo Toledo, María

    2014-01-01

    Se estudia el maltrato infantil desde sus antecedentes, así como su tipología, causas y consecuencias. Además de abordar el abuso sexual de forma más amplia. También se expone la evaluación psicológica junto con sus técnicas. Es fundamental la utilización de medidas para la prevención del maltrato infantil, pues una gran parte de los problemas en el niño se ven reflejados en su vida adulta

  14. Infantile abuse: Radiological diagnosis

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ana Teresa Araujo Reyes

    2006-08-01

    Full Text Available Infantile abuse is a frequent problem, that must be suspected to bediagnosed, the children victims of infantile abuse can present anytype of injury, nevertheless there are associated injuries common toan inferred trauma that constitute radiological patterns highly specific for abuse, among them are the metafisial injuries, posterior costal fractures and first costal arc fractures, fractures of the toracolumbar region, fractures without apparent explanation, fractures in different stage of evolution, subdural hematoma, subarachnoid hemorrhage, intraparenquimatose contusion and diffuse axonal injury, which combined with the history of the trauma, the age, the development of mental abilities, as well as the mechanism guides the injury diagnose.

  15. Hospitalização infantil: concepções da enfermagem acerca da mãe acompanhante Hospitalización infantil: concepciones de la enfermería acerca de la madre acompañante Child hospitalization: nursing conceptions about the mother's companion

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Daniela Dias Quirino

    2010-06-01

    Full Text Available A presença da família é fundamental no cuidado à criança hospitalizada, pois é fonte de proteção e segurança, proporcionando um ambiente menos agressivo. O objetivo deste estudo foi apreender as concepções da equipe de enfermagem acerca da mãe acompanhante. Trata-se de uma pesquisa qualitativa exploratória, desenvolvida em um hospital referente no atendimento infantil para o Nordeste, realizada no período de abril a maio de 2007 por meio de entrevista semi-estruturada. Os dados foram submetidos à análise temática e os preceitos éticos respeitados. Identificamos que a mãe é reconhecida como sujeito importante no apoio ao filho, porém, não tem recebido o devido cuidado pelos profissionais da saúde. Apreendida como agente no processo trabalho, a mãe não participa da tomada de decisões, mas realiza cuidados de responsabilidade da enfermagem. Portanto, é importante que a enfermagem reoriente seu trabalho com o objetivo de construir vínculos e um cuidado integral.La presencia de la familia es fundamental en el cuidado del niño hospitalizado, ya que es fuente de protección y seguridad, proporcionando un ambiente menos agresivo. El objetivo de este estudio aprehender las concepciones del equipo de enfermería acerca de la madre acompañante. Se trata de una investigación cualitativa exploratoria, desarrollada en un hospital de referencia en atención infantil para el Nordeste, realizada en el período de abril a mayo de 2007, por medio de entrevista semi-estructurada. Los datos fueron sometidos a análisis temático y los principios éticos fueron respetados. Fue identificado que la madre es reconocida como persona importante en relación al apoyo al hijo, sin embargo, no ha recibido el debido cuidado por parte de los profesionales de salud. Aprehendida como agente en el proceso de trabajo, la madre no participa de la toma de decisiones, pero realiza cuidados de responsabilidad de la enfermería. Portanto, es importante

  16. El dibujo infantil /

    OpenAIRE

    Rada Ojer, Ángela

    2012-01-01

    La autora en este trabajo habla del dibujo infantil que es un lenguaje y una herramienta de alto valor comunicativo y valora cómo las situaciones vitales por las que pasa un niño pueden quedar reflejadas en sus manifestaciones gráficas

  17. Behandling af infantile spasmer

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Kjærsgård, Lars; Rasmussen, Niels

    2006-01-01

    Infantile spasms (IS) are characterised by neurodevelopmental regression, a unique type of seizures and a hypsarrhythmic EEG pattern. Studies recommend the medical treatment of IS as a positive short-term outcome with respect to the spasms and in the resolution of the hypsarrhythmia. However...

  18. Infantile hypertrophic pyloric stenosis

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Pedersen, Rikke Neess; Garne, Ester; Loane, Maria

    2008-01-01

    OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study was to present epidemiologic data on infantile hypertrophic pyloric stenosis (IHPS) from seven well-defined European regions, and to compare incidence and changes in incidence over time between these regions. METHODS: This was a population-based study using ...

  19. Roberto ARLT et al., "Apocalisse. Alle origini della fantascienza latinoamericana", 2014

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Matteo Rei

    2014-12-01

    Full Text Available Roberto ARLT , Aluísio AZEVEDO , Leopoldo LUGONES , Joaquim Manuel DE MACEDO , Amado NERVO, "Apocalisse. Alle origini della fantascienza latinoamericana", con un saggio di Camilla Cattarulla e Giorgio de Marchis, traduzioni di Camilla Cattarulla e Giorgio de Marchis, Roma, Nova Delphi Libri, 2014 [Book Review

  20. Avidity of IgG for rubella: an evaluation of the need for implementation at the Materno-Infantil Presidente Vargas Hospital in Porto Alegre, Rio Grande do Sul, Brazil

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    M.M. Reis

    Full Text Available Rubella serum assays performed in the laboratory of the Materno-Infantil Presidente Vargas Hospital (HMIPV from 1998 to 2002 were reviewed to determine if IgG avidity assays should be implemented. IgG was determined using the Enzyme Linked Fluorescent Assay, ELFA, VIDAS® system, bioMérieux or the Microparticle Enzyme Immunoassay, MEIA, Axsym® system, Abbott, and IgM was determined using the ELFA, VIDAS® system, bioMérieux, a capture format assay. Specific IgG was assayed in 2,863 samples, with positive results for 84% of the patients, for the most part with high levels of antibodies. IgM was assayed in 2,851 samples, being positive in 14 (0.49% and inconclusive in 25 (0.88%. Serology for toxoplasmosis was also positive or inconclusive in 5 patients. After a cost-effectiveness analysis, it was decided not to implement avidity assays, considering that the HMIPV is a public institution, with limited funding. Difficulties concerning the integration of the Clinical Pathology Service with the Clinical Staff of the institution were also considered.

  1. Genetisk udredning ved infantile spasmer

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Hansen, Lars Kjærsgaard; Ousager, Lilian Bomme; Møller, Rikke Steensbjerre

    2012-01-01

    Infantile spasms are a symptom of a severe epileptic encephalopathy. It is important to determine the aetiology for a child's disease. When a standard programme for evaluating the aetiology of the infantile spasms is unsuccessful genetic causes should be considered. We suggest array CGH as the fi......Infantile spasms are a symptom of a severe epileptic encephalopathy. It is important to determine the aetiology for a child's disease. When a standard programme for evaluating the aetiology of the infantile spasms is unsuccessful genetic causes should be considered. We suggest array CGH...

  2. 78 FR 13870 - Roberto Sella; Notice of Declaration of Intention and Soliciting Comments, Protests, and/or...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-03-01

    ... be used by a geothermal heating and cooling system located under the pond. Excess power will then be... 7, 2012. d. Applicant: Roberto Sella. e. Name of Project: Hydro-electric and Geothermal Alternative...

  3. La Seducción del mal en estrella distante de Roberto Bolaño

    OpenAIRE

    Montes, Cristian

    2013-01-01

    En el presente artículo se trabajará en torno a la novela Estrella distante de Roberto Bolaño. La intención del análisis será demostrar cómo se expresa y opera la seducción del mal al interior de la representación y proponer cuáles son las formas en que el mal encarna en una figura representativa de la dictadura militar chilena. This article is based on the Roberto Bolaño novel Estrella Distante. The analysis aims to demonstrate the ways that the seduction of evil is expressed and operates...

  4. Roberto Ruffilli: 25 Years after his Murder. Forlì 26th April 2013

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Roberto Balzani

    2013-07-01

    Full Text Available In this article Roberto Balzani, the mayor of Forlì, remembers Roberto Ruffilli, 25 years after his murder. The remembrance reconstructs the steps of his academic career and of his political commitment. Ruffilli graduated at the Catholic University of Milan; his researches in contemporary history placed him in an original position if compared with the Italian studies of the time. The constant attention towards the history of administration and the transformations of the state is the basis on which Ruffilli built his proposals concerning the reform of the insitutional and political system. Balzani concludes the article by affirming that the problems of today aren't any different, that is why Ruffilli's proposals still demonstrate their modernity.

  5. La Sicilia come metafora: Federico De Roberto e Tomasi di Lampedusa

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Alessio Giannanti

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available The aim of this work, taking into account the last critical lesson of C.A. Madrignani, is to reflect upon how Sicily has become, through literature, a metaphor of the national political condition, and how it paradigmatically represents the inability of Italy to change. More precisely its purpose is to investigate the contribution to the construction of national identity of authors like F. De Roberto and G. Tommasi di Lampedusa, whose “anti-historical” works are characterized by a desecrating description (sometimes even polemical of the unification process of Italy. Even this illusory contradiction is part of the dimension referred to by Madrignani as the Sicily effect on Italian literature. In Viceré and Imperio (and even in the war novellas De Roberto bluntly depicts Italian history as a fierce fight for power, where human egoism prevails, which, according to a pessimistic philosophy, denies any affirmation of positive values.

  6. Infantile spasms and pigmentary mosaicism

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Hansen, Lars K; Bygum, Anette; Krogh, Lotte N

    2010-01-01

    Summary We present a 3-year-old boy with pigmentary mosaicism and persistent intractable infantile spasms due to mosaicism of chromosome 7. Getting the diagnosis of pigmentary mosaicism in a child with infantile spasms may not be easy, as most diagnostic work-up is done in infancy, at a time when...

  7. Mito y vanguardia en Los detectives salvajes de Roberto Bolaño

    OpenAIRE

    Patricia Espinosa

    2015-01-01

    This article aims to address the disappearance and the specific closure of myth as metaphysical background in Los Detectives Salvajes by Roberto Bolaño; this closure is represented in the novel by the avant-garde poet Cesárea Tinajero, a character that emerges as a concrete life, lost in history, with more courage against systemic or ethical strength, than magical properties that connect with spiritual or religious statements.

  8. Mito y vanguardia en Los detectives salvajes de Roberto Bolaño

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Patricia Espinosa

    2015-07-01

    Full Text Available This article aims to address the disappearance and the specific closure of myth as metaphysical background in Los Detectives Salvajes by Roberto Bolaño; this closure is represented in the novel by the avant-garde poet Cesárea Tinajero, a character that emerges as a concrete life, lost in history, with more courage against systemic or ethical strength, than magical properties that connect with spiritual or religious statements.

  9. Un “libro terribile”, L’Imperio di De Roberto tra disincanto politico e nichilismo

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Gianfranco Ferraro

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available In the correspondence with his mother, Federico De Roberto defined its own novel L’Imperio as a “a terrible book”. Published in 1929, when the Sicilian writer was not longer alive, this incomplete novel concluded the project of literary triptych including the novels L’Illusione and I Viceré. What could arouse dismay and abhorrence in its readers was the nihilistic outcome of the plot. In order to explain it, the authors of the present paper show how the political disillusionment, embodied in the novel by the figure of the young journalist Federico Ranaldi, discloses for De Roberto the horizon of European nihilism. Being symbolic of the Italian generation born after the Unification, Ranaldi loses his political ideals when he understands that the politicians have no faith and are no longer right. Disgusted by the conduct of Consalvo Uzeda di Francalanza, the last heir of the ancient “viceroys” of Sicily, now the minister of the Kingdom, Ranaldi is overwhelmed by a radical, pessimistic vision of the world. Thus it is evident that De Roberto was extremely influenced by such philosophers as Giacomo Leopardi, Arthur Schopenhauer and Eduard von Hartmann.

  10. Eficacia del tratamiento homeopático en pacientes con neumonía bacteriana adquirida en la comunidad. Hospital Infantil Norte de Santiago de Cuba

    OpenAIRE

    Yasel Garcia Leyva; Martha María Leyva Anaya; Rebeca María Massieu Cobas; , Yuneska Rodriguez Ochoa

    2017-01-01

    Objetivo: evaluar la efectividad del tratamiento homeopático en los pacientes con neumonía bacteriana adqui-rida en la comunidad. Método: se realizó un estudio clínico controlado en el que se conformó dos grupos con los niños hospitalizados para evaluar la efectividad del tratamiento homeopático en los principales síntomas de 40 pacientes con neu-monía bacteriana adquirida en la comunidad, que ingresaron en la Unidad de Cuidados Intensivos Polivalentes Pediátricos del Hospital Infa...

  11. Infantile pyoderma gangrenosum.

    LENUS (Irish Health Repository)

    McAleer, Maeve A

    2008-02-01

    Pyoderma gangrenosum (PG) is rare in infants. There have been 12 cases of PG in infants (<12 months old) reported in the past 25 years, to our knowledge. Six of these cases have been successfully controlled with systemic steroids, and one case with topical steroids alone. We report a case of an 8-month-old infant whose PG was aggressive and unresponsive to systemic steroids. Adjuvant treatment with cyclosporine was required to achieve healing. We review the previous cases of infantile PG and the therapeutic options in this age group.

  12. Hipoacusia neurosensorial infantil

    OpenAIRE

    Santos Santos, Saturnino

    2004-01-01

    En nuestro medio existe un déficit de información acerca de la importancia de los factores de riesgo implicados en la aparición de hipoacusia neurosensorial infantil y de las etiologías encontradas. Se estudió retrospectivamente una población de 2.656 niños enviados a nuestro centro para valoración auditiva por presentar factores de riesgo. 481 niños fueron diagnosticados de hipoacusia neurosensorial uni o bilateral de cualquier grado. La edad media al diagnóstico de hipoacusia neurosensorial...

  13. Espacio infantil y ludoteca

    OpenAIRE

    Lejarraga Molinero, Nekane

    2009-01-01

    Este proyecto desarrolla el estudio y análisis de un cambio de uso de un proyecto de uso administrativo en la ciudad de Pamplona. La realización de un cambio de uso de un edificio administrativo a un ESPACIO INFANTIL Y LUDOTECA en el barrio de la Rochapea. Se trata fundamentalmente de un centro lúdico junto al río Arga en el que puedan jugar y desarrollarse de una forma controlada los niños de este nuevo barrio.

  14. Complicaciones postquirúrgicas en la población infantil de 1 a 17 años intervenidos por trauma abdominal y torácico en el servicio de cirugía pediátrica del hospital “Carlos Andrade Marín” desde el mes de junio de 2013 hasta septiembre de 2016

    OpenAIRE

    López Vaca, César Augusto

    2017-01-01

    El trauma pediátrico provoca altos índices de mortalidad y morbilidad, que generan gran coste económico y humano, por lo que requiere de métodos que permitan hacer una estimación del riesgo de aparición de complicaciones y de esta manera identificarlas y tratarlas tempranamente. Objetivo: Identificar los factores asociados a complicaciones postquirúrgicas en la población infantil de 1 a 17 años intervenidos por trauma abdominal y torácico en el servicio de Cirugía Pediátrica del Hospital “Ca...

  15. Odeim y Oido en Nocturno de Chile de Roberto Bolaño Odeim and Oido in Nocturno de Chile by Roberto Bolaño

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Karim Benmiloud

    2010-12-01

    Full Text Available El artículo se propone estudiar el funcionamiento del dúo Odeim-Oido en la novela Nocturno de Chile de Roberto Bolaño, como protagonistas y enigmas lingüísticos que hay que descifrar. Si toda la crítica coincide en descodificar la pareja en Miedo/Odio, se trata de ver cómo la misma novela programa la descodificación mediante una serie de indicios y variantes léxico-semánticas muy elaboradas. El análisis también propone una descodificación de los códigos culturales que informan al dúo (película policial, cuento de hadas, mitología escandinava, etc.. La reflexión concluye con un análisis sicoanalítico de los dobles (externos e internos en la novela.The following article will study how the couple Odeim-Oido works in the novel Nocturno de Chile by Roberto Bolaño, considering them as protagonists as well as linguistic enigmas to be decoded. If the critical approach manages to decode the couple in Miedo/Odio (Fear/Hate in Spanish, it will have to see how the novel programs the decoding process through a number of elaborated signs and lexical-semantic variants. The essay will also try to decode de cultural signs that lead us to this couple (detective films, fairy tales, Scandinavian mythology, etc.. The article will end with a psychoanalytical analysis of doubles (inner doubles and external ones present in this novel.

  16. Aspectos incomuns da paracoccidioidomicose infantil

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Achiléa Lisboa Bittencourt

    1987-12-01

    Full Text Available São relatados dois casos de paracoccidioidomicose (PCM infantil. Em um deles, a principal manifestação da doença foi tumoração abdominal, simulando linfoma maligno não Hodgkin. O outro apresentou acentuado envolvimento articular, com ruptura da cápsula. Representam o segundo e terceiro casos de PCM infantil observados na Bahia, ambos procedentes de áreas urbanas.The authors present two cases of infantil para-coccidioidomycosis. In one case the main presentation was an abdominal mass that mimicked non- Hodgkin lymphoma. In the other case the child had a joint swelling with rupture of the capsule and the clinical diagnosis was piogenic arthritis. They represent the second and third cases of infantile paracoccidioidomycosis observed in the state of Bahia, all coming from urban areas.

  17. La obesidad infantil /

    OpenAIRE

    Galea Barquero, Irene

    2013-01-01

    La obesidad infantil es la enfermedad de tipo nutricional que se da con más frecuencia en los niños de los países desarrollados, conlleva riesgos físicos y psicológicos y determinados estudios señalan que puede acortar la esperanza de vida en 13 años. En Castilla y León, la tasa de obesidad entre los niños en edad escolar es del 0,8%. La autora va a recoger datos y a realizar un estudio del desayuno que realizan estos niños por considerarlo la primera comida del día y la más importa...

  18. La seducción del mal en Estrella Distante de Roberto Bolaño

    OpenAIRE

    Montes, Cristian

    2013-01-01

    En el presente artículo se trabajará en torno a la novela Estrella distante de Roberto Bolaño. La intención del análisis será demostrar cómo se expresa y opera la seducción del mal al interior de la representación y proponer cuáles son las formas en que el mal encarna en una figura representativa de la dictadura militar chilena.

  19. Jugar al detective: el desafío de Roberto Bolaño

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Susanne Hartwig

    2014-06-01

    Full Text Available La novela Los detectives salvajes  (1998, de Roberto Bolaño, galardonada con el premio “Rómulo Gallegos”, juega con los elementos tradicionales de la novella detectivesca. El enigma y el juego son la base constitutiva de la obra, que invita al lector no tanto a buscar un sentido (una solución sino a entrar en el juego. El artículo presenta los distintos niveles lúdicos a través de los dibujos brindados por Bolaño para apreciar la complejidad de esta novela de formación del siglo XXI.

  20. Roberto De Gaetano: impulse-images and the cinema between the forms and the forces

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Bruno Bueno Pinto Leites

    2015-08-01

    Full Text Available Since the early nineties Roberto De Gaetano works on the relationship between cinema, aesthetics and philosophy. In this interview, he talks about the impulse-images, a concept among Gilles Deleuze`s taxonomy that has remained someway “marginal” although being powerful for understanding a large set of problems, as the body of images, the inscription of a death drive in cinema and the conception of worlds in the act of their own destruction. We also had the opportunity to talk about De Gaetano`s latest works and the difference that he establishes between cinema of form and the cinema of force.

  1. INFANTILISM: THEORETICAL CONSTRUCT AND OPERATIONALIZATION

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Yelena V. Sabelnikova

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available The aim of the presented research is to define and operationalize theoretically the concept of infantilism and its construct. The content of theoretical construct «infantilism» is analyzed. Methods. The methods of theoretical research involve analysis and synthesis. The age and content criteria are analysed in the context of childhood and adulthood. The traits which can be interpreted as adult infantile traits are described. Results. The characteristics of adult infantilism in modern world taking into account the increasing of information flows and socio-economic changes are defined. The definition of the concept «infantilism» including its main features is given. Infantilism is defined as the personal organization including features and models of the previous age period not adequate for the real age stage with emphasis on immaturity of the emotional and volitional sphere. Scientific novelty. The main psychological characteristics of adulthood are described as the reflection, requirement to work and professional activity, existence of professional self-determination, possession of labor skills, need for selfrealization, maturity of the emotional and volitional sphere. As objective adulthood characteristics are considered the following: transition to economic and territorial independence of a parental family, and also development of new social roles, such as a worker, spouse, and parent. Two options of a possible operationalization of concept are allocated: objective (existence / absence in real human life of objective criteria of adulthood and subjective (the self-report on subjective feeling of existence / lack of psychological characteristics of adulthood. Practical significance consists in a construct operationalization of «infantilism» which at the moment has so many interpretations. That operationalization is necessary for the further analysis and carrying out various researches. 

  2. Experiencia, aburrimiento y legibilidad en tres cuentos de Roberto Bolaño

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Bernardo Patricio Rocco Núñez

    2017-07-01

    Full Text Available El presente artículo estudia el conjunto de cuentos “Últimos atardeceres en la tierra”, “Días de 1978” y “Vagabundo en Francia y Bélgica” pertenecientes al libro Putas Asesinas(2001 de Roberto Bolaño, con el objetivo de comprender la representación de la crisis de la experiencia moderna. En este sentido, se exploran las relaciones entre la temática de la locura, el trauma del exilio chileno y el estado de aburrimiento. En consecuencia, se muestra cómo el viaje del sujeto moderno manifiesta una genealogía conceptual que haría legible la historia chilena contemporánea. This article studies the short stories “Últimos atardeceres en la tierra”, “Días de 1978” and “Vagabundo en Francia y Bélgica” belonging to Putas Asesinas (2001 by Roberto Bolaño, with the goal of understanding the representation of the crisis of the modern experience. In this sense, the relationships between the subjects of madness, the trauma of the Chilean exile and the state of boredom are explored. In short, it shows how the journey of the modern subject manifests a conceptual genealogy that would make contemporary Chilean history legible.

  3. Tuberculose infantil: estudo retrospectivo

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Boaventura Antonio dos Santos

    2011-10-01

    Full Text Available Introdução: A tuberculose (TB infantil permanece como uma das doenças mais prevalentes e preocupantes no mundo, sobretudo em nações em desenvolvimento, onde as taxas são ainda mais elevadas e os casos descritos subestimados pela dificuldade em se estabelecer um diagnóstico definitivo. Dessa forma, este estudo tem como objetivo descrever o perfil clínico e epidemiológico dos pacientes com TB infantil pulmonar e extrapulmonar. Métodos: Foram avaliados retrospectivamente, através de questionário, pacientes com idade de até 15 anos, internados no Serviço de Pediatria do HCPA, no período de janeiro de 2002 a setembro de 2007.   Resultados: Dos 52 pacientes incluídos, 63% apresentavam TB pulmonar. Das formas extra-pulmonares, a meningoencefalite foi a mais prevalente (22%. Comorbidades foram dectadas em 31 (60% pacientes, dos quais 15 (29% apresentavam desnutrição grave, 9 (18% HIV positivo e 7 (13% pneumopatia crônica. Das manifestações clínicas, febre e tosse estavam presentes na maioria dos pacientes. O padrão radiológico predominante foi o de consolidação pulmonar (51%. A maioria dos pacientes referia história de contato com paciente bacilífero (64%. Conclusão: A TB pulmonar representa a principal forma de apresentação clínica da TB, sendo o diagnóstico feito de forma presuntiva na maioria dos casos. O diagnóstico baseado na comprovação bacteriológica foi obtido numa minoria de pacientes, demonstrando a importância dos achados clínico-laboratoriais, história epidemiológica e vacinal para o diagnóstico. Nesse sentido, a criação de escores tem se tornado uma ferramenta de fácil acesso e com razoável acurácia para auxiliar o diagnóstico de TB em serviços de baixa complexidade, especialmente o ambulatorial.

  4. Infantile osteopetrosis with superimposed rickets.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gonen, Korcan Aysun; Yazici, Zeynep; Gokalp, Gokhan; Ucar, Ayse Kalyoncu

    2013-01-01

    Rickets is a complication of infantile osteopetrosis and pre-treatment recognition of this complication is important. To describe four children with infantile osteopetrosis complicated by rickets (osteopetrorickets) and review the relevant literature. Retrospective chart analysis of four infants with osteopetrorickets and a systematic review of the relevant literature. We saw five children with infantile osteopetrosis, of whom four had superimposed rickets, for a period of 12 years. The review of the literature (including the current four children), yielded 20 children with infantile osteopetrorickets. The children ranged in age from 2 months to 12 months. In all children, hepatosplenomegaly was found. Sixteen (80%) children had visual impairments and eight (40%) children had hearing impairments. Serum calcium-phosphorus product was less than 30 in 18 children (90%). Twelve children (60%) were hypocalcemic and 18 (90%) were hypophosphatemic. In all children, the radiological examination demonstrated diffuse bony sclerosis and metaphyseal splaying and fraying of long bones. Five children (25%) had pathological fracture of extremities and 15 (75%) had rachitic rosary. Rickets as a complication to infantile osteopetrosis is not uncommon. Skeletal roentgenograms are of critical importance in the diagnosis of both osteopetrosis and superimposed rickets.

  5. Reversible infantile mitochondrial diseases.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Boczonadi, Veronika; Bansagi, Boglarka; Horvath, Rita

    2015-05-01

    Mitochondrial diseases are usually severe and progressive conditions; however, there are rare forms that show remarkable spontaneous recoveries. Two homoplasmic mitochondrial tRNA mutations (m.14674T>C/G in mt-tRNA(Glu)) have been reported to cause severe infantile mitochondrial myopathy in the first months of life. If these patients survive the first year of life by extensive life-sustaining measures they usually recover and develop normally. Another mitochondrial disease due to deficiency of the 5-methylaminomethyl-2-thiouridylate methyltransferase (TRMU) causes severe liver failure in infancy, but similar to the reversible mitochondrial myopathy, within the first year of life these infants may also recover completely. Partial recovery has been noted in some other rare forms of mitochondrial disease due to deficiency of mitochondrial tRNA synthetases and mitochondrial tRNA modifying enzymes. Here we summarize the clinical presentation of these unique reversible mitochondrial diseases and discuss potential molecular mechanisms behind the reversibility. Understanding these mechanisms may provide the key to treatments of potential broader relevance in mitochondrial disease, where for the majority of the patients no effective treatment is currently available.

  6. Incorrecciones del habla infantil

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    María del Pino LECUONA NARANJO

    2009-11-01

    Full Text Available En el presente trabajo se pretende dar una visión de algunos rasgos característicos del lenguaje infantil, centrándonos especialmente en el estudio de los niños de 4 a 6 años de edad. Es pues, su finalidad fundamental la descripción y análisis de los rasgos que se pueden observar en la expresión verbal de los preescolares. Las diversas peculiaridades que van a ser objeto de examen se refieren a la emisión de incorrecciones de carácter fonético, morfológico y semántico. El análisis unificado de estos tres factores responde a la consideración de que todos surgen como consecuencia de un proceso de simplificación lingüística originado por un estado inconcluso de desarrollo del lenguaje.

  7. NUESTRA PORTADA Juegos infantiles

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ramon Balius i Juli

    2008-09-01

    Full Text Available En Nuestra Portada se muestra un fragmento de la obra Juegos Infantiles (Kinderspelen, original del pintor flamenco Pieter Bruegel el Viejo. Pieter Bruegel ha sido un artista de valoración tardía. No fue hasta principios del siglo xx que la grandeza de su arte mereció el reconocimiento de los críticos. Sorprendentemente es prácticamente desconocido en su etapa de formación, porque únicamente existe una corta descripción biográfica publicada en 1604 por Van Manden. En esta bibliografía, Bruegel era presentado como un ignorante dedicado a la pintura cómica y campestre. Según Van Manden, había nacido en Bruegel, un pueblo cercano a Breda, del cual tomó el apellido. Esta afirmación es falsa, porque parece probado que lo había heredado de su padre. La realidad es, como señala en 1567 Ludovic Guicciardini, que “Pietro Brueghel de Breda es un gran imitador de la ciencia y de la fantasía de Hieronymus Bosco”. El año de nacimiento es incierto y se sitúa entre 1525 y 1530.

  8. Bacterial meningitis Meningitis bacateriana aguda en niños: estudio clínico y bacteriológico en el Hospital Infantil de Medellín

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Daniel Hoyos

    1988-02-01

    Full Text Available

     

    Between aprl13, 1984 and march 31,1986,95  children with acute bacterial meningitis (ABM were admitted to Hospital lnfantil, Medellín, Colombia. 68 (71.6% were under two years old. Haemophifus influenza  type B was the predominant microorganism (41%, followed by Streptococcus pneumoniae (27.4%, enterobacteriaceae (15.8%, Neisseria meningitidis (4.2%, Staphylococcus aureus (3.2% and betahemolytlc streptococci (2.1%. One case produced by Streptococcus agalactiae was the first one in our Hospital and another one due to Shigella was the first one in Colombia. Bacterial origin was confirmed in 93.7% of the cases, employing direct examination, cultures and counter immuno electrophoresis. The most frequent clinical manifestations were: fever, vomit, irritability, meningeai irritation and seizures; the younger the patient the most severe the clinical picture. Those with persistent focal seizures showed cerebral infarction, subdural effusion, ventricular dilatation or a combination of them. Mortality was 19%; sequelae were observed in 26% (seizure, motor deficit and deafness; Haemophilus influenzae resistance to ampicilin was observed for the first time in this institution. We suggest modifications in the initial therapeutic approach and recommend the suppression of the routine pre-discharge lumbar puncture.

    Entre abril 3 de 1984 y marzo 31 de 1986, se estudiaron 95 niños que ingresaron al Hospital Infantil de Medellín con el diagnóstico de meningitis bacteriana aguda (MBA; 68 de ellos fueron menores de 2 años (71.6%; el HaemophiIus influenzae tipo e fue el germen predominante (41.0%; le

  9. (New) NASA Director Sean O'Keefe comes to Ames for employee briefing and tour. Meets with Roberto

    Science.gov (United States)

    2002-01-01

    (New) NASA Director Sean O'Keefe comes to Ames for employee briefing and tour. Meets with Roberto Cruz, National Hispanic University (seated, right) and Ames Center Director Dr. Henry McDonald follow the signing of the educational MOU between NHU and Ames.

  10. Organizando el aula infantil

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    María Luisa GARCÍA RODRÍGUEZ

    2009-11-01

    Full Text Available RESUMEN: La organización del aula es una importante "herramienta" en manos de la educadora o el educador, especialmente en las primeras edades. En consecuencia, es necesario poner todo el cuidado y atención posibles para conseguir un ambiente, a la vez agradable y práctico, que favorezca la vida y el aprendizaje de los niños y niñas de cero a seis años. Al principio de cada curso escolar se planificarán los aspectos físicos del aula, se organizarán los materiales y se distribuirá el tiempo. Para ello, deberán ser tenidas en cuenta las necesidades infantiles y los ámbitos madurativos en los que cada niña y cada niño deben progresar.ABSTRACT: The organization of the classroom is an important "tool" in the hands of the educator, especially during the early years. Consequently, it is necessary to take great care and give as much attention as possible to achieving an environment which is both pleasant and practical, as well as favourable to the lives and learning of children under six years of age. At the beginning of the school year the physical aspects of the classroom will be planned, the material organized and time distributed. For this purpose, the needs of the children, and the areas in which each child should advance and mature, must be taken into account.

  11. Smoking during pregnancy and infantile colic

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Søndergaard, Charlotte; Henriksen, Tine Brink; Obel, Carsten

    2001-01-01

    during this period. Adjustment for maternal age, parity, marital status, alcohol intake, birth weight, gestational age, breastfeeding, caffeine intake postpartum, and paternal smoking did not change the effect measures. Conclusion. The results indicate that maternal smoking during pregnancy may increase......Objective. To evaluate the association between maternal smoking during pregnancy and infantile colic (IC). Methods. A follow-up study of singleton infants delivered by Danish mothers at the Aarhus University Hospital from May 1991 to February 1992 and still living in the municipality of Aarhus...... questionnaire and based on Wessel's criteria, except that we used only the crying criterion. Results. IC was seen in 10.8% of all infants. We observed a twofold increased risk of IC among infants whose mothers smoked 15 or more cigarettes per day during their pregnancy(relative risk: 2.1; 95% confidence...

  12. Roberto Bolaño, la memoria antiheroica del exilio chileno

    OpenAIRE

    Carreras Rabasco, Adrián

    2011-01-01

    Este artículo se centra en la personalidad del escritor chileno Roberto Bolaño y su obra para profundizar en la relación existente entre el autor y Chile, su país de origen. Pese a haber abandonado el país siendo muy joven y a haber residido en otros países a lo largo de su vida, Bolaño nunca perdió el interés por recuperar sus raíces chilenas tanto como lo reflejan las novelas que dedica a la dictadura chilena, Estrella distante y Nocturno de Chile sobre todo, así como por reivindicar su pro...

  13. The black genre within humor: critical approach to the comic Boogie the oily by Roberto Fontanarrosa

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Fernanda Tusa Jumbo

    2017-07-01

    Full Text Available This article does a study approach to the black humour genre in the written work of Roberto Fontanarrosa, an Argentine writer very famous in Latin American, in reference to the case Boogie the oily comic. In Boogie we observe a use of humor based on a naked, open and highly criticism toward to the liquid contemporary culture through the creation of a protagonist who reflects in itself all vices and evils of society. As methodology, this paper does a literature review and qualitative content analysis taking as reference ten comics of Boogie; with this material this article analyzes connotative and denotative messages. In conclusion this paper infers that a comic can serve as a vehicle to express reality by mean of absurdity and irony. Consequently, Boogie shows the culture of tolerance that human being has taken in front of the deformation values of today’s world.

  14. Exile and Orphanhood. Fathers and Children in Roberto Bolaño's narrative works

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Lorenzo Mecozzi

    2015-07-01

    Full Text Available The article explores the relationship between fathers and children in Roberto Bolaño's narrative works. To do so, it is shown how that relationship, both in Bolaño's novels and short stories, is intrinsically linked to the theme of the exile. Once the connection between exile and orphanhood is shown, the article tries to offer an insight of the relationship fathers-children in Bolaño's works and to focus on some key characters. Therefore, specific novels and short stories are analyzed in depth: in particular the article examines the characters and the narrative strategies of Los Detectives Salvajes, 2666 and two short stories contained in Putas Asesinas.

  15. El México abismal de Roberto Bolaño

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    Felipe Adrián Ríos Baeza

    2016-07-01

    Full Text Available Este trabajo de análisis no solo resalta la presencia de México, en cuanto motivo literario y espacio refractado estéticamente, en la literatura de Roberto Bolaño, cuestión que ha atraído a la mayoría de la crítica especializada, sino analiza su comportamiento y su influjo en diversos personajes, con el propósito de demostrar la hipótesis de que dicho país deviene algo más que una referencia. En su obra, México resulta un acontecimiento, como se entiende en la crítica posestructuralista, capaz de alterar la percepción de quienes allí habitan o arriban, posibilitando la invención de un territorio altamente caótico y cambiante.

  16. El México abismal de Roberto Bolaño

    OpenAIRE

    Felipe Adrián Ríos Baeza

    2016-01-01

    Este trabajo de análisis no solo resalta la presencia de México, en cuanto motivo literario y espacio refractado estéticamente, en la literatura de Roberto Bolaño, cuestión que ha atraído a la mayoría de la crítica especializada, sino analiza su comportamiento y su influjo en diversos personajes, con el propósito de demostrar la hipótesis de que dicho país deviene algo más que una referencia. En su obra, México resulta un acontecimiento, como se entiende en la crítica posestructuralista, capa...

  17. UMA ONTOLOGIA REPRESENTANDO AS SOLUÇÕES DE PROJETO DE ROBERTO BURLE MARX

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Carlos Eduardo Verzola Vaz

    2012-02-01

    Full Text Available O objetivo deste artigo é propor uma base de dados com soluções de projeto paisagístico que colabore para que estudantes aprendam conceitos básicos de projeto e os ajude a aplicar este novo conhecimento utilizando como referência soluções desenvolvidas por arquitetos experientes. O sistema é baseado em uma ontologia que contém conceitos e instâncias de projeto. A informação necessária para a compreensão do conceito é representada por meio de regras esquemáticas de uma gramática da forma e cada um destes conceitos é relacionado com uma ou mais instâncias de projeto. A primeira etapa para o desenvolvimento deste sistema envolveu a elaboração de uma taxonomia para a ontologia. Esta taxonomia se baseia na estrutura da linguagem de padrões de Christopher Alexander e na estrutura hierárquica de diferentes livros e manuais de arquitetura paisagística. Um protótipo do sistema foi desenvolvido, com exemplos de boa conduta de projeto extraídos do trabalho do paisagista brasileiro Roberto Burle Marx. A partir dele foram realizados uma série de testes com a intenção de comprovar a eficácia do sistema. Palavras-chave. Ontologia, Roberto Burle Marx, arquitetura paisagística, linguagem de padrões, gramática da forma.

  18. [Spanish consensus on infantile haemangioma].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Baselga Torres, Eulalia; Bernabéu Wittel, José; van Esso Arbolave, Diego L; Febrer Bosch, María Isabel; Carrasco Sanz, Ángel; de Lucas Laguna, Raúl; Del Pozo Losada, Jesús; Hernández Martín, Ángela; Jiménez Montañés, Lorenzo; López Gutiérrez, Juan Carlos; Martín-Santiago, Ana; Redondo Bellón, Pedro; Ruíz-Canela Cáceres, Juan; Torrelo Fernández, Antonio; Vera Casaño, Ángel; Vicente Villa, María Asunción

    2016-11-01

    Infantile haemangiomas are benign tumours produced by the proliferation of endothelial cells of blood vessels, with a high incidence in children under the age of one year (4-10%). It is estimated that 12% of them require treatment. This treatment must be administered according to clinical practice guidelines, expert experience, patient characteristics and parent preferences. The consensus process was performed by using scientific evidence on the diagnosis and treatment of infantile haemangiomas, culled from a systematic review of the literature, together with specialist expert opinions. The recommendations issued were validated by the specialists, who also provided their level of agreement. This document contains recommendations on the classification, associations, complications, diagnosis, treatment, and follow-up of patients with infantile haemangioma. It also includes action algorithms, and addresses multidisciplinary management and referral criteria between the different specialities involved in the clinical management of this type of patient. The recommendations and the diagnostic and therapeutic algorithms of infantile haemangiomas contained in this document are a useful tool for the proper management of these patients. Copyright © 2015 Asociación Española de Pediatría. Publicado por Elsevier España, S.L.U. All rights reserved.

  19. Infantile nystagmus and visual deprivation

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Fledelius, Hans C; Jensen, Hanne

    2014-01-01

    PURPOSE: To evaluate whether effects of early foveal motor instability due to infantile nystagmus might compare to those of experimental visual deprivation on refraction in a childhood series. METHODS: This was a retrospective analysis of data from the Danish Register for Blind and Weaksighted Ch...

  20. Manipulative therapies for infantile colic

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Dobson, D.; Lucassen, P.L.; Miller, J.J.; Vlieger, A.M.; Prescott, P.; Lewith, G.

    2012-01-01

    BACKGROUND: Infantile colic is a common disorder, affecting around one in six families, and in 2001 was reported to cost the UK National Health Service in excess of pound65 million per year (Morris 2001). Although it usually remits by six months of age, there is some evidence of longer-term sequelae

  1. Uso de terapia de vacío en el Hospital Infantil La Fe de Valencia (España: experiencia y resultados Experience and results with the use of vacuum assisted therapy at the children's Hospital La Fe, Valencia (Spain

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    C. Lorca García

    2011-12-01

    Full Text Available El uso de la terapia de vacío en el tratamiento de heridas complejas y de evolución tórpida tiene sus inicios en los años cuarenta. Sin embargo, la experiencia con su utilización en la población infantil es mucho más reciente. En la actualidad no disponemos de estudios científicos contrastados y con nivel de evidencia A para emitir conclusiones firmes en estos casos; a pesar de ello, la experiencia clínica acumulada hasta el momento es satisfactoria en la mayoría de los casos. En la gestión sanitaria moderna, el control de recursos y costes es hoy en día un pilar fundamental; es por ello que contar con una terapia de estas características constituye un recurso de gran valor, sobre todo cuando la intención es minimizar la estancia hospitalaria y a la vez mejorar la calidad de vida del paciente, lo cual es especialmente importante cuando se trata de niños. Presentamos la experiencia en el uso de terapia de vacío en pacientes pediátricos del Servicio de Cirugía Plástica y Reconstructiva del Hospital La Fe de Valencia, España, entre los años 2007 y 2010.Vacuum assisted therapy in complex and complicated wounds has been used since the 40s; however, it has only been applied in paediatric patients recently. To our best knowledge there are not A level evidence studies in this field, although experience in its use has been shown to be satisfactory in the majority of cases. Due to the importance in health management of controlling costs and resources, this therapy represents a useful tool, specially when we try to reduce hospital stay and improve quality of life, which is very important in children. We report our experience in the use of vacuum therapy in paediatric patients in the Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery Department in La Fe University Hospital, Valencia, Spain, between 2007 and 2010.

  2. Hospitals

    Data.gov (United States)

    Department of Homeland Security — This database contains locations of Hospitals for 50 states and Washington D.C. , Puerto Rico and US territories. The dataset only includes hospital facilities and...

  3. Frecuencia de infección del tracto urinario en lactantes con fiebre, sin foco infeccioso evidente, que consultan a la Unidad Vida Infantil de la Universidad de Antioquia del Hospital Francisco Valderrama, Turbo (Antioquia Frequency of urinary tract infections in febrile infants without evidence of an infectious source. from the clinic of the Unidad Vida Infantil of the University of Antioquia, Hospital Francisco Valderrama, Turbo, Colombia.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Harold Durango Galván

    2006-01-01

    Full Text Available NTRODUCCIÓN: se ha documentado que en los niños las infecciones del tracto urinario son una causa frecuente de fiebre sin causa aparente. De acuerdo con los resultados de algunas investigaciones, la prevalencia está entre 4 y 13%. Las infecciones urinarias en los niños, en especial en los menores de dos años, se asocian con mayor incidencia de reflujo vesicoureteral y compromiso de parénquima renal. Por lo anterior, los niños con infección urinaria requieren especial atención con el fin de prevenir cicatrices renales, hipertensión arterial e insuficiencia renal crónica. OBJETIVO: establecer la frecuencia de infección urinaria en lactantes febriles menores de dos años de edad atendidos en la Unidad Vida Infantil de la Universidad de Antioquia y en el Hospital Francisco Valderrama de Turbo Antioquia, entre el 1º de febrero de 2003 y el 31 de enero de 2004. MÉTODOS: se incluyeron cincuenta niños menores de 24 meses de edad con fiebre sin causa aparente, entendiéndose como tal una enfermedad febril aguda en la que no se encuentra la causa luego de anamnesis y examen físico cuidadosos. Se realizaron los siguientes exámenes de laboratorio: leucograma, sedimentación, tirilla en orina para detectar estearasa leucocitaria y nitritos, uroanálisis (UA (leucocitos en orina por mm3, tinción de gram de una gota de orina sin centrifugar, uroanálisis microscópico (leucocitos y bacterias por campo de alto poder y urocultivo cuantitativo (se consideró positivo cuando se encontraron más de 10.000 unidades formadoras de colonias, UFC, por ml. Todas las muestras de orina se obtuvieron por sonda vesical. Para cada una de las pruebas se determinó la sensibilidad, la especificidad y el valor predictivo positivo y negativo. RESULTADOS: la frecuencia de infección urinaria (crecimiento de más de 10.000 UFC de un patógeno urinario por ml fue 10%. La edad promedio fue siete meses. La mayoría de los niños con infección urinaria ten

  4. Prevalence and risk factors for infantile colic in District Mansehra

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Fazil, M.

    2011-01-01

    Objective: Infantile colic is a common problem among infants age 3 days to 3 months. It may affect parental feelings negatively and the parents may undertake all kinds of actions to stop excessive crying. The objective of this study was to assess the incidence of infantile colic and its risk factors in infants born in District Mansehra. Methods: In this prospective study, all those newborn babies were included who were born at King Abdullah Teaching Hospital Mansehra between January 1 2008 and March 31, 2008, and those newborn babies who were brought to children OPD for routine check-up and EPI centre for vaccination of this hospital during this time period. For every infant, gender, mode of delivery, gestational age at birth, birth weight, birth order, and mother's reproductive history were collected. These babies were seen at least once in a week up to 12 weeks and history from the mothers about the duration of crying and fussiness behaviour was recorded. At the end of 3 months the infants were again assessed and additional information on infant nutritional source was obtained and any medication used for colic relief was identified. Cases of colic were identified by applying Wessel criteria to recorded data. Chi-square tests were used. Results: From total 512 infants, follow-up was completed for 426 infants. In total, 90 infants (21.77%) satisfied the Wessel criteria for infantile colic. No statistical significance was found between colicky and non-colicky infants according to sex, gestational age at birth, birth weight, type of delivery, and, infant's feeding pattern. However, firstborn infants had higher rate for developing colic (p=0.03). Conclusion: Prevalence of colic was 21.77% in this infant population of District Mansehra. Except for birth order, no other variable was significantly associated with infantile colic. (author)

  5. Imaging feature of infratentorial desmoplastic infantile and non-infantile tumors

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Kim, Hyun Gi; Lee, Seung Koo [Dept. of Radiology and Research Institute of Radiological Science, Severance Children' s Hospital, Yonsei University College of Medicine, Seoul (Korea, Republic of); Kim, Se Hoon [Dept. of Pathology, Yonsei University College of Medicine, Severance Hospital, Seoul (Korea, Republic of)

    2016-07-15

    To describe imaging features of infratentorial desmoplastic infantile or non-infantile tumors (DIT/DNIT). Four cases with infratentorial DIT/DNIT from our hospital and 5 cases from literature review were analyzed. Clinical data and MR imaging features were evaluated including location, size, shape, margin, composition, dural attachment, perilesional edema, and metastasis or multiplicity. The mean age was 9.2 years (range, 1-18 years). Most of the patients presented with headache or vomiting (4/9, 44.4%) and had no underlying disease (8/9, 88.9%). The major pathologic subtype was astrocytoma (6/9, 66.7%). On MR, majority of the tumors involved cerebellum and/or spinal cord (8/9, 88.9%) and the mean size of the tumors was 4.2 cm (range, 3.2-5 cm). The tumors were mainly solid (4/9, 44.4%) or mixed (4/9, 44.4%) in composition with lobulated shape (7/9, 77.8%) and well-defined margin (7/9, 77.8%). Two cases (2/7, 28.6%) showed dural attachment and all the cases had no or minimal perilesional edema (100%). Metastasis or multiplicity was frequently seen in 44.4% (4/9). Infratentorial DIT/DNIT occurred in relatively older children and the major tumor type was astrocytoma. They also had atypical imaging features showing mainly solid or mixed in composition with frequent metastasis or multiplicity.

  6. Neonatal and infantile acne vulgaris: an update.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Serna-Tamayo, Cristian; Janniger, Camila K; Micali, Giuseppe; Schwartz, Robert A

    2014-07-01

    Acne may present in neonates, infants, and small children. Neonatal and infantile acne vulgaris are not considered to be rare. The presentation of acne in this patient population sometimes represents virilization and may portend later development of severe adolescent acne. Neonatal and infantile acne vulgaris must be distinguished from other cutaneous disorders seen in newborns and infants. Infantile acne tends to be more pleomorphic and inflammatory, thus requiring more vigorous therapy than neonatal acne.

  7. Infantile masturbation and paroxysmal disorders.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Omran, Mohammadreza Salehi; Ghofrani, Mohammad; Juibary, Ali Ghabeli

    2008-02-01

    A recurrent paroxysmal presentation in children leads to different diagnoses and among them are neurologic and cardiac etiologies. Infantile masturbation is not a well known entity and cannot be differentiated easily from other disorders. Aim of this study is to elucidate and differentiate this condition from epileptic seizures. We report 3 cases of 10 to 30 mth old girls of infantile masturbation that their symptoms initiated at 2, 3 and 8 mth of age. These present with contraction and extension of lower extremities, scissoring of legs, perspiration, changing face color. In 2 cases body rocking and legs rubbing initiated then there after. Masturbation is one of the paroxysmal non-epileptic conditions of early infancy and is in differential diagnosis of epileptic seizures.

  8. OCTOGESIMO ANIVERSARIO DEL DESCUBRIMIENTO DE LA FIEBRE AMARILLA SELVÁTICA POR EL DOCTOR ROBERTO FRANCO

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Carlos Sanmartín Barberi

    1989-09-01

    Full Text Available

    La reunión que hoy nos congrega en esta sesión conjunta tiene por objeto conmemorar una importante efemérides de la medicina universal y tributar homenaje a la memoria de un excepcional galeno de nuestra patria.

    Me permitiré leer una breve comunicación que el 8 de octubre del año pasado dirigí al Presidente de nuestra Academia, pues resume el motivo central de esta ceremonia:
    “El año próximo venidero se cumplen ochenta de la trascendental comunicación del Dr. Roberto Franco sobre una epidemia febril que estudió en las Minas de Muzo.
    Tal investigación constituye uno de los hitos más importantes de la medicina tropical. Las novedosas conclusiones del Dr. Franco, basadas en un juicioso estudio de campo y en una sagaz observación clínica y epidemiológica, fueron puestas en duda y aún negadas en su época. Sólo el tiempo y las investigaciones posteriores dieron razón a su notable afirmación de la existencia de la fiebre amarilla de los bosques.

    Me parece que sería justo y oportuno que la Academia celebre tal aniversario de manera apropiada y que se aproveche la ocasión para exaltar la memoria del que fue, sin duda, una de las figuras cimeras de la medicina nacional”.
    Tanto la Academia como nuestra Sociedad histórica, a las que me honro en pertenecer, acogieron favorablemente la sugerencia. Me enaltece sobremanera ser yo quien esta noche las representa.

    En el número 331 de Noviembre de 1907 de la Revista Médica de Bogotá, órgano de la Academia Nacional de Medicina, se publicó el informe presentado al Presidente del Sindicato de las Minas de Muzo, por la misión encargada de estudiar la epidemia de fiebres observada en la mina en los meses de Marzo y Abril de 1907. Tal documento tiene fecha del 14 de Mayo del mismo año y está suscrito por el Dr. Roberto Franco, quien deja constancia de la invaluable colaboración de dos de sus estudiantes que le acompañaron a Muzo y que fueron los

  9. La otra América. Influencia de la literatura estadounidense en Roberto Bolaño

    OpenAIRE

    Fernández Díaz, José Javier

    2014-01-01

    Los vínculos entre la literatura estadounidense y la obra de Roberto Bolaño han sido objeto de numerosas reseñas y artículos. Sin embargo su estudio hasta la fecha no ha cristalizado en un trabajo monográfico. «La otra América: influencias de la literatura estadounidense en Roberto Bolaño» tiene entre sus objetivos construir un mapa literario que dé cuenta del diálogo entre textos y autores. El corpus de la tesis se ha extraído de las más de cien menciones explícitas a escritores y libros est...

  10. Interdisciplinary management of infantile colic

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    Luis Miguel Becerra-Granados

    2017-07-01

    This article presents a structural review of evidence on the fundamentals and progress in the treatment of infantile colic, and compiles the characteristics of this pathology, the medical and nutritional therapeutic measures, the clinical approach and the techniques to help the patient and his family. This study seeks to provide technical tools to health professionals whose target population is children younger than 2 years of age.

  11. Viaje maldito en “La universidad desconocida”, de Roberto Bolaño

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    Leila Gómez

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available This paper focuses on the seldom studied poetry of Roberto Bolaño, using "La Universidad Desconocida", the exhaustive compilation published posthumously in 2007. Although Bolaño received wide recognition and many awards for his novels, he defined himself as a poet. In his poetry, we find the same topics and tendencies that he developed in the characters and plots of his narratives. A prime example is "Los detectives salvajes", a novel about a group of young rebel poets in the Mexico of the seventies. Bolaño’s poet characters, as well as his travels, exiles and criticisms of the literary establishment, take on a new light when compared alongside his poetry. this article explores the modes of poetic production as understood by Bolaño, as a way of life outside universities, the literary canon, and any other institutional networks. Instead, his poetic production is marked by the figure of Arthur Rimbaud as the archetype of the cursed poet.

  12. Seminar | "Managing Italian research stations at the Poles" by Roberto Sparapani | 19 February

    CERN Document Server

    2015-01-01

    Polar areas are an ideal place to study climate change and other research fields. However, living and working at the Poles is a challenge for all the researchers involved. This presentation by Roberto Sparapani, who led the Italian research station Dirigibile Italia at Ny-Ålesund from 1997 to 2014, will take a short trip through the research and history of polar science - with a focus on the human factor, which makes a difference in a natural environment that leaves no room for improvisation.   The seminar will be held on 19 February at 4.30 p.m. in the Main Auditorium. It will be followed by a screening of Paola Catapano’s documentary for RAIWORLD “A Nord di Capo nord” (North of Cape North), in Italian with English subtitles. The documentary was given the "Artistic Direction Special Award" at the Rome Scientific Documentary Festival in December 2014. Ny-Ålesund is a small international research village located in the northwest ...

  13. La vita è blending. Per una lettura integrata del film di Roberto Benigni

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    Emanuele Broccio

    2014-05-01

    Full Text Available Il notevole incremento di studi critici sulla Poetica Cognitiva sta riscattandola dall’accusa di offrire soltanto una nuova e seducente terminologia, guadagnandole invece la dignità di metodologia scientifica. Mosso dall’interesse che il fenomeno della integrazione concettuale (blending suscita, il mio intervento propone una lettura del film La vita è bella di Roberto Benigni proprio in funzione del suo organizzarsi intorno a un blending che ne sostiene l’intero impianto ideativo. Il film è stato molto criticato, oltre che per un certo impaccio tecnico nella messa in scena, per il fatto di condurre un racconto di morte e sterminio attraverso un punto di vista comico. Attraverso l’applicazione del blending, insieme ad altri strumenti di analisi classica, cercherò di dimostrare come la strutturazione del racconto intorno alla duplice contaminazione di realtà e fantasia, comico e tragico, lo sottrae dal rischio di scivolare nel melodramma e nel patetismo, mantenendo alta l’empatia dello spettatore. La mia lettura sottolinea dunque come tutto il film sia costruito su un continuo blending, e ne evidenzia le modalità di realizzazione, dimostrando, attraverso un’opera ampiamente nota e di vasto consenso, come le scienze cognitive possano offrire validi strumenti di analisi che precisano pregresse intuizioni critiche e illuminano zone dell’opera d’arte rimaste in ombra o confinate alla valutazione estetica.

  14. Recuperación de la memoria en la escritura de Ruben Tizziani y Roberto Raschella

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    Fernanda Elisa Bravo Herrera

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available El objetivo de este trabajo es analizar las diferentes formas en que el sujeto narrativo, múltiple y dialógico, construye en Mar de olvido de Rubén Tizziani (1992 y en Si hubiéramos vivido aquí de Roberto Raschella (1998 las diversas representaciones de la inmigración. Se propone rastrear en estos dos textos representativos de la literatura argentina centrada en la inmigración italiana la conformación del espacio escritural (autobiográfico, la narración de las historias que definen la memoria, las identidades y los territorios culturales, y la percepción de la alteridad y de la mismidad. Se trabajará principalmente con la problematización de la subjetividad en el espacio biográfico y con la concepción de la escritura como lugar de la memoria.

  15. La cultura italiana en la literatura argentina: los casos de Manuel Puig y Roberto Raschella

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    Silvia Cattoni

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available El aluvión inmigratorio italiano en Argentina marcó en el campo literario tensiones propias del mestizaje cultural que impactan en las sociedades receptoras. Es particularmente significativo, en esta ocasión, analizar dos casos de la literatura argentina de la segunda mitad del siglo XX. Las cartas de Manuel Puig (Querida Familia: Tomo 1, Cartas Europeas, Entropía, Bs. As. 2005 constituyen un ejemplo claro de asimilación en el que el registro coloquial y las interferencias lingüísticas se estilizan en formas propias de alta cultura. De manera complementaria Roberto Raschella (1930 en Diálogos de los patios rojos (Buenos Aires, Eudeba, 1994; 2013 crea una polifonía de voces en la que la tradición literaria italiana dialoga con la memoria individual, una situación poética que posibilita un singular proceso de asimilación semántica.

  16. Il De gemitu Columbae del cardinale Roberto Bellarmino e lo jus publicum ecclesiasticum

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    Alex Borghi

    2018-02-01

    ABSTRACT: One of the minor works of cardinal Roberto Bellarmino, De Gemitu Columbae sive De Bono lacrymarum (1617 is composed of three books: the first is dedicated to the "need for moans"; the second and third, respectively, to the sources and the fruits of the "tears". In investigating the origin of the moan, after quoting Isaiah and Nahum, the Author insists on a verse, particularly evocative, taken from the Song of Songs (6, 9. Therefore, the moan is not referred only to the animal in itself, but also to the whole Church: the work in question seems to be more connected to the textures of a "political theology" than to the classic counter-reformed edification readings. The present contribution aims to examine the relationships between De gemitu and the jus publicum ecclesiasticum, not only externum but also - and above all - internum. And, by this way, the highly debated theme of belonging to the Ecclesia, faced by the great Counter-reform theorist through the images of the dove and the chant.

  17. Las aspiraciones de Silvio Astier: Fama, delito y lectura en El juguete rabioso de Roberto Arlt

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    Juan Pablo Canala

    2012-11-01

    Full Text Available El presente trabajo tiene por objetivo el estudio de El juguete rabioso de Roberto Arlt, partiendo de la perspectiva de la crítica genética y atendiendo a la importancia que reviste el sistemático análisis de los diferentes tipos de esbozos preparatorios de la novela de Arlt, dados a conocer como adelantos en revista literarias. Estos aspectos desarrollados aquí apuntan a reflexionar sobre las relaciones entre pre-texto y texto como modo de abordaje al estudio de la obra literaria y tienen como principal finalidad advertir las diferentes trasformaciones sufridas por Silvio Astier en distintas etapas de la composición del texto. Se atenderá fundamentalmente a las representaciones vacilantes que introduce Arlt, en relación con la lectura y el universo libresco, como así también las consideraciones en torno a la idea de reconocimiento literario y el lugar del delito

  18. Biopolitics in Roberto Bolaño’s 2666, “The Part About the Crimes”

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    Camelia Raghinaru

    2016-05-01

    Full Text Available Starting from Agamben’s theories of state of exception, and sovereignty and subalternity, this article looks at Roberto Bolaño’s 2004 novel, 2666, as a critique of neoliberal capitalism, where the law is predicated on violence and exploitation of surplus humanity—in this case, the poor female maquiladora workers at the U.S./Mexico border. Narco-trafficking and misogyny are symptomatic of a juridical and economic order that revolves around exploitation as central to the workings of transnational capitalism. As the boundary between legality and illegality breaks down, an aporetic state of exception forms, in which the transnational corporation acts as sovereign power by introducing a space of exception in the law. This force of law without law obscures the politicization of bare life, while maintaining traditional means of exploitation. The maquiladora workers emerge as docile bodies imprinted by the biopolitical power of sovereign financial capital. Powerless victims of overwork, displacement, destitution, and ultimately rape and slaughter, they objectify the violence of low wage labour in the global exchange of power and capital.

  19. Marketing: estratégia e valor, de Sérgio Roberto Dias (Coord.

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    José Rafael Motta Neto

    2007-12-01

    Full Text Available Dando seqüência à trilogia iniciada com a obra Gestão de marketing, Sérgio Roberto Dias, em conjunto com outros docentes da Eaesp-FGV, apresenta o segundo dos três livros sobre marketing, cobrindo aspectos importantes tanto para o ensino quanto para a prática na área.A obra também dá continuidade aos textos publicados no início de 1970, nas pioneiras obras sobre marketing da editora da FGV, escritas pelos professores da própria instituição, como os Ensaios de administração mercadológica: antologia de artigos, publicados na Revista ERA, à época, sob a coordenação de Raimar Richers, e Administração mercadológica: princípios e métodos, sob coordenação de Orlando Figueiredo, que tanto contribuíram para o ensino na área.

  20. The Secret of the World Remains Hidden: Roberto Bolańo as an Antiliterary Author

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    Mark Piccini

    2015-11-01

    Full Text Available The Chilean author Roberto Bolańo cultivated a contentious (and contradictory attitude to literature, believing that it conceals the fear and self-interest that coordinates its meaningfulness. For Bolańo, great writers should face the abyss of meaninglessness while standing tall, a directive which prohibits drawing conclusions that might ultimately be elevated to the level of fact. Instead, Bolańo commits to a category of truth that cannot be described by inscribing its contingent effects in his writing through what I will call his ‘antiliterature.’ Acknowledging this inaccessible truth, Bolańo’s writing reveals an aversion to all-encompassing literary forms that can be seen in the same light as Jacques Lacan’s term ‘antiphilosophy,’ describing the French psychoanalyst’s position against philosophy. Just as Lacanian antiphilosophy continues to contribute to twenty-first-century philosophical critiques, Bolańo’s antiliterature renders possible novel literary trajectories. Bolańo’s 2009 novel 2666 exemplifies his antiliterary approach, subverting the literary genre of crime fiction by refusing to supply an object to fulfil the reader’s desire for closure and by universalising guilt.

  1. Infantile spasms: A prognostic evaluation

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    Mary Iype

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available Background: Few papers address the comprehensive prognosis in infantile spasms and look into the seizure profile and psychomotor outcome. Objective: We aimed to follow up children with infantile spasms to study: a the etiology, demographics, semiology, electroencephalogram (EEG, and radiological pattern; b seizure control, psychomotor development, and EEG resolution with treatment; c the effects of various factors on the control of spasms, resolution of EEG changes, and psychomotor development at 3-year follow-up. Materials and Methods: Fifty newly diagnosed cases with a 1-12 month age of onset and who had hypsarrhythmia in their EEG were recruited and 43 were followed up for 3 years. Results: Of the children followed up, 51% were seizure-free and 37% had a normal EEG at the 3-year follow-up. Autistic features were seen in 74% of the children. Only 22.7% among the seizure-free (11.6% of the total children had normal vision and hearing, speech with narration, writing skills, gross and fine motor development, and no autism or hyperactivity. On multivariate analysis, two factors could predict bad seizure outcome — the occurrence of other seizures in addition to infantile spasms and no response to 28 days of adrenocorticotropic hormone (ACTH. No predictor could be identified for abnormal psychomotor development. Discussion and Conclusion: In our study, we could demonstrate two factors that predict seizure freedom. The cognitive outcome and seizure control in this group of children are comparable to the existing literature. However, the cognitive outcome revealed by our study and the survey of the literature are discouraging.

  2. Hospitals

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Mullins, Michael

    2013-01-01

    The challenge could be briefly seen in these terms: hospitals as places for treatment where there’s a technology focus and hospitals for healing where there’s a human focus. In the 60s - 70s wave of new hospital building, an emphasis on technology can be seen. It’s time to move from the technology...... focus. It is not enough to consider only the factors of function within architecture, hygiene, economy and logistics. We also need to look at aspects of aesthetics, bringing nature into the building, art, color, acoustics, volume and space as we perceive them. Contemporary methods and advances...... placed, accessible, provided with plenty of greenery, and maximize sensory impressions, providing sounds, smells, sight and the possibility to be touched. This is a very well documented area I can say. Hygiene, in terms of architecture can give attention to hand wash facilities and their positioning...

  3. Wieder, wider, weiden: casos de parodia y autoparodia en la narrativa Roberto Bolaño

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    Felipe Adrián Ríos Baeza

    2014-07-01

    Full Text Available Si bien el término parodia ha sido estudiado y signado como un género perdido de la antigüedad, la literatura contemporánea lo vuelve un procedimiento creativo gracias a una de sus aristas más interesantes: la de reiterar. En una novela determinante para su proyecto literario global, Estrella distante (1996, el chileno Roberto Bolaño (1953-2003 parece estar cifrando su obra con esta clave. Es decir, la mencionada novela no sólo estaría contado, en términos textuales, la historia de un piloto de la Fuerza Aérea Chilena llamado Carlos Wieder que, a un tiempo, es un artista y un asesino; sino que en términos transtextuales, y según la explicación de Bibiano O’Ryan (uno de los personajes, el apellido Wieder estaría asociado a una cierta recurrencia en la literatura de Bolaño: la de la parodia como eje mismo, que es simultáneamente burla y reiteración. Wieder, wider, weiden: decir de nuevo, en contra y de manera perversa. La asociación fonética es, asimismo, asociación creativa. Para Bolaño, el espacio de la parodia le permite reiterar, refutar y pervertir ciertos actos que acometen sus personajes, todos ellos ubicados en una suerte de “eterno retorno” que los hace, una y otra vez, asesinar, escribir, hacer el amor, leer, hablar, pensar. Se propone aquí, una hipótesis a comprobar: sólo en el volver a contar, en la repetición de un texto en otro contexto, en la parodia es como realmente se pueden apreciar los énfasis y subrayados que Bolaño desea hacer notorios en su propuesta literaria. Even though the term parody has been studied and identified as a lost genre from older times, contemporary literature has turned it into a creative procedure thanks to one of its most interesting facets: reiteration. In a determinant novel for his global literary project: Estrella distante (1996, the Chilean writer Roberto Bolaño (1953-2003 seems to encode his work in this key. In other words, the novel would not only narrate, in

  4. EN EL CENTENARIO DEL DESCUBRIMIENTO DEL MYCOBACTERIUM TUBERCULOSIS POR ROBERTO KOCH. 24 DE MARZO DE 1982

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    Gilberto Rueda Pérez

    1982-12-01

    Full Text Available

    Hace exactamente 100 años, señores académicos, Roberto Koch presentó en concisa, lacónica y podríamos decir perfecta comunicación, a la Sociedad de Fisiología de Berlín, la demostración de que la TBC tenía como causa única la proliferación en el organismo vivo, del germen denominado por él Mycobacterium Tuberculosis.

    Esta comunicación que hoy conmemoramos, cambió el curso de la microbiología, y sentó las bases para el desarrollo posterior del tratamiento etiológico de las enfermedades infecciosas. Años más tarde, Koch recibiría el máximo galardón otorgado por Nobel a los grandes benefactores de la humanidad, por este descubrimiento. Sería glorificado por sus
    contemporáneos y por quienes posteriormente hemos tenido el privilegio de ejercer la medicina en el mundo civilizado, así como por quienes padecieron y padecen aún el terrible mal, al ver cercana su curación gracias a los descubrimientos recientes que han permitido derrotar al más temible enemigo de la patología humana: el Bacilo puesto en evidencia
    por este retraído sabio alemán.

    Pero no todo fue gloria y renombre en la vida de Roberto Koch. Vale la pena rememorar a grandes rasgos en este Centenario y ante esta Academia de Medicina Colombiana, algunos de los hechos sobresalientes de la vida de este hombre excepcional, que le dio luz en su época y le sigue dando a la ciencia en general, y que sentó premisas que siguen vigentes en nuestros días a través del postulado que lleva su nombre, ineludibles para quienes quieren demostrar científicamente hechos bacteriológicos.

    Nace el 11 de diciembre de 1843 en la pequeña población de Klausthal en Hanover, y allí transcurre su primera juventud provinciana y sencilla para luego viajar a Gotinga, en cuya universidad estudia medicina, destacándose siempre por su dedicación y método en las asignaturas, recibiendo su doctorado en 1886, a los 23 años, bajo la tutela del Profesor

  5. Tra cielo e vulcano: sui confini tematici e stilistici in Stromboli di Roberto Rossellini

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    Vincenzo Maggitti

    2011-05-01

    Full Text Available This article is focused on a film by Roberto Rossellini, Stromboli (1949 whose title comes from the island, off the northwest coasts of Sicily, on which the film is set. Given the thematic relevance of borders in the post‐war drama of a foreign refugee who moves to the unknown island with a husband met through the barbed wire of the camp, the article analyzes to what extent this theme is rebounded in the unstable genre of the film. In Stromboli a coexistence of tropoi belonging to different traditions of melodrama can be spotted, tracing back to the theatrical origins of the genre, as detailed in Jean‐Marie Tommaseau´s recent study. But one must take into account, nevertheless, the documentary‐drive that inspires the film, linking it to Rossellini´s approach to the new unmapped reality of the Italian landscape, recently discussed by Angelo Restivo in his essay on Italian cinema during the economic boom. The interplay of these theoretical references in Stromboli can bring to the fore the theme of space and time borders as more relevant than the traditional critical filing of the film as a study of loneliness, together with the other four features made with actress Ingrid Bergman. The compounded analysis results in a melodramatic re‐vision of the film, that can entail the ending shift towards the holy and the sacred often dismissed as improper. The article comments on the film conveying melodrama into a field supposedly outside of its genre concerns.

  6. Ocorrência dos indicadores de risco para a deficiência auditiva infantil no decorrer de quatro anos em um programa de triagem auditiva neonatal de um hospital público Occurence of risk indicators for hearing loss over four years in a neonatal hearing screening program of a public hospital

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Eliara Pinto Vieira

    2007-09-01

    Full Text Available OBJETIVO: Comparar a ocorrência dos indicadores de risco para a deficiência auditiva infantil ao longo de quatro anos, em um Programa de Triagem Auditiva Neonatal. MÉTODOS: Foram pesquisados os prontuários de 382 recém nascidos prematuros nascidos no Hospital São Paulo, de 2000 a 2004. RESULTADOS: Em 2000, encontramos 5,9% de casos de antecedentes familiares/consangüinidade, a qual aumentou de forma estatisticamente significante para 13,6% em 2003. A ventilação mecânica aumentou de forma estatisticamente significante de 24,6% casos em 2000, para 40,2% em 2004. O número de convulsões em RN foi de 4,2% em 2000 para 9,8% em 2004, aumento estatisticamente significante. Encontramos 11,0% de casos de infecção congênita em 2000, o que caiu para 4,3% em 2003. No ano de 2002, houve apenas um caso de sífilis, sendo que a ocorrência destas doenças diminuiu nos últimos anos. O HPIV foi de 15,3% no ano 2000 para 5% em 2003, com redução estatisticamente significante. Os casos de malformação caíram de 3,4% no ano 2000 para 0,7% em 2003. Os casos de ototoxicidade diminuíram de forma estatisticamente significante de 43,2% em 2000 para 30,0% em 2003. CONCLUSÃO: A análise estatística revelou aumento significante da ocorrência dos antecedentes familiares para a deficiência auditiva, do uso de ventilação mecânica e das convulsões neonatais. Os casos de infecção congênita e hemorragia periintraventricular diminuíram estatisticamente do ano 2000 para 2004. Os casos de malformação, baixo peso e ototoxicidade variaram de forma aleatória entre os anos estudados. E alguns indicadores de risco se mantiveram sem alterações estatisticamente significantes.PURPOSE: To compare the occurrence of risk indicators for hearing loss in children over a period of four years, in a Neonatal Hearing Screening Program. METHODS: Three hundred and eighty-two files of preterm infants born at Hospital São Paulo in the period from 2000 to 2004 were

  7. Significados culturais da asma infantil Cultural meanings of the infantile asthma

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    Mirna Albuquerque Frota

    2008-06-01

    Full Text Available OBJETIVO: Analisar os significados culturais da asma infantil com origem na mãe-cuidadora. PROCEDIMENTOS METODOLÓGICOS: Pesquisa qualitativa realizada em 2004, no município de Fortaleza, CE. Foi utilizada a observação participante com abordagem etnográfica e entrevistas com sete mães acompanhantes de seus filhos em unidade de emergência hospitalar. Os significados das falas das mães foram identificados utilizando-se a técnica de análise temática. ANÁLISE DOS RESULTADOS: Foram identificadas duas categorias de discussão; na primeira, "desinformação sobre a doença", foi possível perceber que as mães não são informadas sobre a doença do filho. Na segunda categoria, "cuidado cultural", as mães referem informações sobre os cuidados e utilizam recursos do saber popular para prevenir a asma dos filhos, como o cuidado ambiental e a utilização de remédios caseiros à base de plantas medicinais. CONCLUSÕES: As características de desinformação e desconhecimento materno em relação à asma do filho mostram a necessidade de haver um trabalho educativo intenso, dialógico e problematizador em estreita colaboração com o tratamento, visando à melhoria do prognóstico da doença.OBJECTIVE: To analyze the cultural meanings of infantile asthma from the perspective of the mother/carer of the child. METHODOLOGICAL PROCEDURES: Qualitative research conducted in 2004, in the city of Fortaleza (Northeastern Brazil. An ethnographic approach was utilized, consisting of participant observation and interviews with seven mothers, accompanying their children in a hospital emergency ward. Thematic analysis was the technique employed when identifying the meanings of mothers' discourse. ANALYSIS OF RESULTS: Two discussion categories were identified: "disinformation on illness" in which it was possible to perceive that the mothers were not informed with respect to their children's illness; and "cultural care" in which they relate information on

  8. Hand activities in infantile masturbation: a video analysis of 13 cases.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hansen, Jonas Kjeldbjerg; Balslev, Thomas

    2009-11-01

    Infantile masturbation is considered a variant of normal behaviour. The abrupt and spontaneous onset, altered sensorium and autonomic phenomena during episodes may suggest an epileptic fit. Therefore, children with infantile masturbation are often admitted to hospital and undergo unnecessary tests. The purpose of the present study was to provide a detailed description of hand activities in infantile masturbation. The authors reviewed video recordings of 2 boys and 11 girls with infantile masturbation. Position, movements and activities of hands and fingers during episodes were registered. Five patterns of hand activities were registered: Fisting (four infants), grasping of toys, furniture or clothing (ten infants), chorea-like "piano playing" hand movements (two infants), pressure over the diaper/genital region (one infant) and bimanual manipulation of items (four infants). Fisting was primarily observed in the younger infants, and bimanual manipulation was primarily seen in the older infants. Recognizing one or more of the five distinct patterns of hand activities in infantile masturbation may help establishing the diagnosis.

  9. VIOLENCIA FAMILIAR Y MALTRATO INFANTIL

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    María Inés Bringiotti

    2005-01-01

    Full Text Available Este trabajo analiza las implicaciones del concepto "familia" señalando la multiplicidad de fenómenos y situaciones incluidos en el mismo. Su elucidación permitirá determinar los diversos tipos de familia y de riesgo que podemos encontrar en nuestro trabajo cotidiano. La evolución de ese concepto está directamente influida por las determinantes socioestructurales y culturales que en cada momento histórico contextualizan a los sujetos, así como las posibles situaciones de riesgo que deben enfrentar y los recursos con los que cuentan. Se analiza la influencia de las representaciones acerca de cómo debe ser una familia, en la actualidad las familias presentan diferentes formas o estructuras y ello no implica el cumplimiento o no de sus funciones. Esto permitirá establecer adecuadamente las diferentes estrategias de prevención y abordaje aplicables a cada situación. Se ejemplificará concretamente con situaciones problemáticas relacionados a los casos de violencia familiar y maltrato infantil, concretamente con la negligencia y el abuso sexual infantil.

  10. Estrogen-mediated hemangioma-derived stem cells through estrogen receptor-? for infantile hemangioma

    OpenAIRE

    Zhang, Ling; Wu, Hai Wei; Yuan, Weien; Zheng, Jia Wei

    2017-01-01

    Ling Zhang,1 Hai Wei Wu,1 Weien Yuan,2 Jia Wei Zheng1 1Shanghai Ninth People’s Hospital, Shanghai Jiao Tong University School of Medicine, Center for Specialty Strategy Research of Shanghai Jiao Tong University China Hospital Development Institute, 2School of Pharmacy, Shanghai Jiao Tong University, Shanghai, People’s Republic of China Background: Infantile hemangiomas (IHs) are the most common benign vascular tumor of infancy. They occur more frequently in female infants....

  11. Lectura de cuentos infantiles como estrategia de humanización en el cuidado del niño encamado en ambiente hospitalario Leitura de contos infantis como estratégia de humanização do cuidado de criança hospitalizada Reading fairy tales as a humanization strategy of hospitalized children care

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    Maíra Aparecida Soares Albano

    2011-11-01

    Full Text Available Objetivo. Evaluar la estrategia de humanización en el cuidado del niño encamado en una unidad de hospitalización pediátrica a partir de la lectura de las historias infantiles. Metodología. Estudio cualitativo en el que se utilizó para la recolección de los datos: entrevista individual, cuestionario, dibujos e historias elaboradas por los niños antes y después de la primera y cuarta sesión de lectura de cuentos infantiles. Resultados. Durante las sesiones de lectura se percibió mejoría en las reacciones de los niños: estuvieron más atentos, participativos, entusiastas y alegres. A su vez los acompañantes también aceptaron de buen agrado esta intervención. El análisis de la información a partir de la entrevista, el cuestionario, la narrativa y los dibujos, mostró enormes posibilidades de la práctica de la lectura de cuentos a los niños hospitalizadps. Conclusión. La estrategia de humanización del cuidado con la ayudad de lectura de cuentos infantiles tuvo un impacto positivo en la internación del niño.Objetivo. Avaliar a leitura das histórias infantis como estratégia de humanização do cuidado da criança hospitalizada. Metodologia. Estudo qualitativo no que se coletou informação procedente de: leitura de contos infantis: entrevista individual, questionário, desenhos e histórias elaboradas pelas crianças. Resultados. Durante as sessões de leitura se percebeu melhoria nas reações das crianças: estiveram mais atenciosos, participativos, entusiastas e alegres; os acompanhantes também aceitaram de bom agrado esta intervenção. A análise da informação da entrevista, o questionário, a narrativa e os desenhos se mostrou favorável à prática da leitura de contos. Conclusão. A estratégia de humanização do cuidado com a ajuda de leitura de contos infantis teve um impacto positivo na internação do menino.Objective. To asses fairy tales reading as a humanization strategy of hospitalized children care

  12. Desmoplastic infantile ganglioglioma : a case report

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Park, Won Kyu; Byun, Woo Mok; Kim, Dong Suk [Yeungnam Univ. School of Medicine, Kyongsan (Korea, Republic of)

    1999-05-01

    Desmoplastic infantile ganglioglioma is an uncommon variety of ganglioglioma that shows evidence of glial and ganglionic differentiation accompanied by an extreme desmoplastic reaction. A 16-month-old girl was admitted with a six-day history of left hemiparesis. MR imaging demonstrated a large multiseptated cystic mass, with a solid portion, in the white matter of the right frontotemporoparietal lobe. After contrast injections, the solid portion was clearly enhanced. The presence of desmoplastic infantile ganglioglioma was confirmed by surgical resection. We describe the characteristic radiologic and pathologic features of desmoplastic infantile ganglioglioma, and include a review of the literature.

  13. Salud y mortalidad infantil en Brasil

    OpenAIRE

    Denisard Alves; Walter Belluzzo

    2005-01-01

    (Disponible en idioma inglés únicamente) La salud infantil es un aspecto fundamental del programa de políticas públicas de los países en desarrollo. A lo largo de los años se han puesto en práctica numerosas políticas destinadas al mejoramiento de la salud infantil, con diversos grados de éxito. En Brasil, dichas políticas han llevado a una disminución considerable de los niveles de mortalidad infantil durante los últimos 30 años. Sin embargo, a pesar de esa mejora, las tasas de mortalidad si...

  14. Birth Weight, Gestational Age, and Infantile Colic

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Milidou, Ioanna; Søndregaard, Charlotte; Jensen, Morten Søndergaard

    Background Infantile colic is a condition of unknown origin characterized by paroxysms of crying during the first months of life. A few studies have identified low birth weight (BW) as a risk factor among infants born at term, while the association between gestational age (GA) and infantile colic...... interviews of the mother during pregnancy and post partum. Adjusted odds ratios (OR) with 95% confidence intervals (in brackets) are presented. Infantile colic was defined as crying for more than three hours per day and for more than three days per week (modified Wessel’s criteria). Results A total of 4...... with GA gestational weeks 32-40. Finally, after adjusting for GA...

  15. Capítulo 7. Estrella distante de Roberto Bolaño: la distancia que acerca

    OpenAIRE

    Mellado, Luciana A.

    2018-01-01

    Narrar el horror. La experiencia y el relato desmembrados La novela Estrella distante (1996) del escritor chileno Roberto Bolaño muestra cómo la experiencia del horror provoca una crisis de comunicabilidad que repercute en la organización discursiva de la violencia social. Los principios constructivos del texto permiten visibilizar, en el plano formal rasgos del contexto político y social representado narrativamente, del mundo histórico al que el narrador se acerca por los bordes e interstici...

  16. Narrativas da violência : Estrella distante, Amuleto e Nocturno de Chile de Roberto Bolaño

    OpenAIRE

    Santos, Clara Bomfim dos

    2016-01-01

    O objetivo dessa dissertação foi analisar o modo como a narrativa ficcional do escritor chileno Roberto Bolaño atravessa questões de ordem política, relacionadas aos períodos ditatoriais na América Latina, destacando o papel da violência como meio mantenedor de poder, numa tentativa de mostrar a permanência dessas questões na contemporaneidade. Para isso, analisamos a maneira como Bolaño ficcionaliza os mecanismos de poder em três romances específicos: Estrella distante, Amuleto e Nocturno de...

  17. MALESTAR EN LA LITERATURA: ESCRITURA Y BARBARIE EN ESTRELLA DISTANTE Y NOCTURNO DE CHILE DE ROBERTO BOLAÑO

    OpenAIRE

    Ignacio López-Vicuña

    2009-01-01

    Este ensayo examina la relación entre literatura y barbarie en las novelas Estrella distante (1996) y Nocturno de Chile (2000) de Roberto Bolaño, analizando cómo presenta el autor la coexistencia entre arte y violencia en el contexto de la dictadura militar chilena. Mediante la representación de un mundo de letrados e intelectuales de ultraderecha, el autor expresa la imposibilidad de desvincular completamente literatura y barbarie. Propongo que Bolaño desarrolla una visión anti-humanista de ...

  18. Personagens femininas na obra "Hitler manda lembranças", de Roberto Drummond: um retrato de Stela

    OpenAIRE

    Walkiria Felix Dias

    2016-01-01

    O artigo em questão discute a obra Hitler manda lembranças, de Roberto Drummond. Um romance ambientado em Belo Horizonte no começo dos anos 80, quando a ditadura agonizava no Brasil. Nesse contexto mistura-se a história de seis personagens que fazem parte de uma lista de 417 futuros desempregados. Além disso, os personagens são assombrados pelo que houve na Europa durante o Holocausto. Nesta época, inúmeros judeus fugiram da Europa rumo aos trópicos buscando asilo político no Brasil. Porém...

  19. "La exploración de los límites": la narrativa de Roberto Bolaño

    OpenAIRE

    González, Daniuska

    2006-01-01

    Este artículo propone que parte de la narrativa de Roberto Bolaño construye un registro de estrategias discursivas sobre el mal a partir de la violencia, el silencio o el ocultamiento de sentidos y las situaciones límite (entre ellas, la tortura). Para lograr este objetivo, se ha tomado en cuenta algunas ideas de teóricos como Roland Barthes, Susan Sontag, Jean-Paul Sartre, Jacques Derrida, Georges Bataille y Nelly Richard. Después del análisis en torno a novelas como La literatura nazi en Am...

  20. “A MADNESS EPIPHANY”. EXPANDED ART AND POETIC REVOLUTION IN ROBERTO BOLAÑO’S INFAMOUS ARTIST

    OpenAIRE

    Giraldo, Efrén; Universidad EAFIT, Medellín, Departamento de Humanidades

    2013-01-01

    This article intends to analyze the novel Distant star by Roberto Bolaño, using concepts as expanded art, avant-garde and neo-avant-garde. It is shown the way in which, through these notions, the process links the novel to a reflection on categories as artistic revolution and political revolution. First of all, the plot lines of the novel and theartist´s features are shown; secondly, avant-garde and expanded art concepts are defined; thirdly,the article considers the way in which the novel po...

  1. Hacia una cartografía de la errancia en Los detectives salvajes de Roberto Bolaño

    OpenAIRE

    Vargas Ortiz, Angélica Tatiana

    2017-01-01

    En esta tesis se indaga la hipótesis de que en Los detectives salvajes de Roberto Bolaño es posible trazar un sistema de trazas narrativas que revele tanto una poética de la errancia, poética que emerge en los protocolos de una escritura articulada en desplazamientos y dislocamientos genéricos, como una cartografía del territorio que se funda. Desde la escritura del diario de García Madero, que empieza por inscribir las huellas de estos itiner...

  2. El regreso de los fantasmas. Escrituras de la herencia en las ficciones de Sergio Chejfec y Roberto Raschella

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Gina Alessandra Saraceni

    2014-06-01

    Full Text Available Este trabajo se propone reflexionar sobre la figura del heredero en algunas novelas de los argentinos Sergio Chejfec y Roberto Raschella a partir de la pregunta sobre cómo un sujeto se inscribe en una genealogía, cómo responde a la deuda con sus antecesores siguiendo el planteamiento derridiano de la herencia como proceso de lectura e interpretación de un mandato. Se trata de reflexionar sobre el espectro que desajusta el presente reclamando responsabilidad y atención.

  3. Un tributo a Roberto Caldeyro-Barcia, considerado el pionero de la Perinatología

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    A. Zárate

    2017-03-01

    Full Text Available Roberto Caldeyro-Barcia nació en Montevideo en 1921, estudió Medicina graduándose como médico cirujano en 1947. Fue aceptado como investigador asociado en el Instituto de Fisiología bajo la supervisión del profesor Hermógenes Álvarez, quien estaba trabajando sobre el efecto de la actividad uterina en el pulso cardiaco fetal durante el parto. La presión amniótica se registró con el uso de un pequeño catéter introducido dentro de la cavidad amniótica, por lo que Caldeyro-Barcia propuso introducir un microcatéter directamente en el músculo uterino para obtener información más específica de la contracción uterina y su efecto sobre la actividad cardiaca fetal. Se observó que la frecuencia cardiaca disminuía en los casos de hipoxia fetal. Dichos descensos fueron llamados DIP I y II. Así, se confirmó que la hipoxia durante el parto tiene una deletérea acción en la oxigenación fetal, lo cual fue registrado y graduado como unidades montevideo. Dos años después, Edward H. Hon, quien trabajaba en la Universidad de Yale, confirmó estos hallazgos, lo que fue el inicio de la monitorización fetal durante el trabajo de parto en todo el mundo. Caldeyro-Barcia fue galardonado por muchas asociaciones académicas internacionales; asimismo fue designado director del Centro Sudamericano de Perinatología y presidente de la Federación Internacional de Ginecología y Obstetricia. Se consideró un amigo de México, país que visitó muchas veces, por lo que tuvo una relación académica muy cercana con Luis Castelazo-Ayala.

  4. Nem Florida, nem Boedo: assegura o 'escritor fracassado' de Roberto Arlt

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Adriana de Borges Gomes

    2017-06-01

    Full Text Available Florida e Boedo são nomes de ruas da cidade de Buenos Aires, com características distintas bem expressivas: Florida era a rua do “ócio distraído”, da boemia da arte gratuita, sem motivações que não fossem estéticas. Boedo era a rua do “tráfego fabril”, situada num bairro onde muitas fábricas estavam instaladas, o que fomentava a agitação das consciências para o levante de uma bandeira subversiva. Das designações topográficas do bairrismo portenho nasceu uma contenda cultural de classes, em que a literatura foi o veio central. A polêmica literária deve ser vista no seu interior, recorrendo-se ao momento histórico em que ocorreu, pois somente com a distância temporal o historiador da literatura pode avaliar o que representou na época e o que significa na contemporaneidade tal controvérsia para a história da literatura argentina. E, ainda assim, manter certa desconfiança, pois o historiador é um pesquisador que muitas vezes recorta acontecimentos e os dota de significado de acordo com suas ideologias; como chama a atenção o historiador da literatura latino-americana Antonio Cornejo Polar (2000. Na conformação dos dois grupos e na localização dos escritores em cada um deles, houve muitas discrepâncias. Castelnuovo, nos diz Adolfo Prieto (2009, declarou que o grupo Boedo não existiu, o que existia era uma literatura de arrabalde. Assim, Prieto mapeia em seu ensaio “Boedo e Florida” algumas esclarecimentos e tentativas de encaixar os escritores em um grupo ou outro. Em uma dessas demonstrações está claro que Roberto Arlt não se localizava em nenhum dos dois grupos.

  5. MALESTAR EN LA LITERATURA: ESCRITURA Y BARBARIE EN ESTRELLA DISTANTE Y NOCTURNO DE CHILE DE ROBERTO BOLAÑO

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ignacio López-Vicuña

    2009-11-01

    Full Text Available Este ensayo examina la relación entre literatura y barbarie en las novelas Estrella distante (1996 y Nocturno de Chile (2000 de Roberto Bolaño, analizando cómo presenta el autor la coexistencia entre arte y violencia en el contexto de la dictadura militar chilena. Mediante la representación de un mundo de letrados e intelectuales de ultraderecha, el autor expresa la imposibilidad de desvincular completamente literatura y barbarie. Propongo que Bolaño desarrolla una visión anti-humanista de la literatura, la cual sugiere una solidaridad entre alta cultura y barbarie, señalando así el agotamiento de una visión redentora de la literatura en América Latina.This essay examines the relationship between writing and barbarism in Roberto Bolaño 's novels Estrella distante (1996 and Nocturno de Chile (2000, analyzing how the author portrays the intimate coexistence between art and violence in the context of Chile 's military dictatorship. By portraying the world of ultra-right-wing intellectuals and literati, the author expresses the impossibility of fully disentangling literature and barbarism. I argüe that Bolaño develops an anti-humanist view of literature which hints at the solidarity between high culture and barbarism, and thus indicates the exhaustion of a redemptive view of literature in Latin America.

  6. Neonatal hypoglycemic brain injury is a cause of infantile spasms

    OpenAIRE

    YANG, GUANG; ZOU, LI-PING; WANG, JING; SHI, XIUYU; TIAN, SHUPING; YANG, XIAOFAN; JU, JUN; YAO, HONGXIANG; LIU, YUJIE

    2016-01-01

    Neonatal hypoglycemic brain injury is one of the causes of infantile spasms. In the present study, the clinical history and auxiliary examination results of 18 patients who developed infantile spasms several months after neonatal hypoglycemia were retrospectively analyzed. Among the 666 patients with infantile spasms admitted to two pediatric centers between January 2008 and October 2012, 18 patients developed infantile spasms after being diagnosed with neonatal hypoglycemia, defined as a who...

  7. Roberto Dagnino, Twee leeuwen, één kruis. De rol van katholieke culturele kringen in e Vlaams-Nederlandse verstandhouding (1830-ca. 1900

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Tine Van Osselaer

    2015-12-01

    Full Text Available Roberto Dagnino, Twee leeuwen, één kruis. De rol van katholieke culturele kringen in de Vlaams-Nederlandse verstandhouding (1830-ca. 1900 (Dissertatie Rijksuniversiteit Groningen 2013; Hilversum: Verloren, 2015, 399 pp., isbn 978 90 8704 434 3.

  8. Clinical research of benign infantile convulsions with mild gastroenteritis

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Wei-bing LI

    2014-03-01

    Full Text Available Cases of benign infantile convulsions with mild gastroenteritis (BICE treated in our hospital from 2008 to 2012 were analyzed retrospectively. Among the 65 cases of convulsions with acute diarrhea, there were 18 cases of BICE, 15 cases of febrile seizures, 13 cases of epilepsy, 6 cases of viral encephalitis, 6 cases of hyponatremia encephalopathy, 3 cases of hypernatremia encephalopathy, 2 cases of toxic encephalopathy, and 2 cases of hypocalcemia convulsion. The convulsion occurred mostly during the first 2 d of the illness and was in a generalized tonic or tonic-clonic form. Positive rotavirus antigens in the BICE patients were detected in 83.33% (15/18. Phenobarbital was administered after the first convulsion (5-10 mg/kg, and diazepam was given intravenously in case of recurrence (0.10-0.30 mg/kg. BICE occurs frequently in infantile and controlling relapse is the main purpose. The prognosis is good. doi: 10.3969/j.issn.1672-6731.2014.03.019

  9. [An atypical presentation of Infantile Alexander disease lacking macrocephaly].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Esmer, Carmen; Villegas-Aguilera, Miguel; Morales-Ibarra, Juan José; Bravo-Oro, Antonio

    Alexander disease is a rare form of leukodystrophy that involves mainly astrocytes; it is inherited in an autosomal recessive manner and occurs by mutations in the GFAP gene, located on chromosome 17q21. It can occur at any age and its infantile form is characterized by macrocephaly, seizures, severe motor and cognitive delay, and progressive spasticity or ataxia. An 8-month-old female was evaluated with a history of neurodevelopmental delay and unprovoked focal motor seizures. Physical examination showed normal head circumference, increased motor responses to tactile and noise stimuli, pyramidal signs and no visceromegalies. Widespread hypodense white matter was found on magnetic resonance and lumbar puncture showed hyperproteinorrachia. Krabbe disease was ruled out by enzymatic assay and gene sequencing of GALC. In the reassessment of the case, abnormalities in neuroimaging lead to suspicion of Alexander disease, and GFAP gene sequencing reported a pathogenic mutation in exon 4 c.716G>A, which caused a change of arginine to histidine at position 239 of the protein (p.Arg239His). The radiographic signs observed in the resonance were decisive for the diagnosis, later confirmed by molecular study. It is important to consider that certain mutations are not associated with macrocephaly, which may cause delay in diagnosis. Copyright © 2016 Hospital Infantil de México Federico Gómez. Publicado por Masson Doyma México S.A. All rights reserved.

  10. Trabajo infantil e inasistencia escolar

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Antonio Sandoval Ávila

    2007-01-01

    Full Text Available Trabajo infantil e inasistencia escolar El capitalismo neoliberal ha generalizado la pobreza que obliga a muchas familias a recurrir al trabajo de los hijos para poder subsistir. Por el trabajo, los menores desertan de la escuela. Cuando adultos, por la pérdida en educación, sólo podrán acceder a las ocupaciones de menor calificación y peor pagadas. Por ello, tienen muchas probabilidades de ser los futuros padres de nuevos niños trabajadores reproduciendo intergeneracionalmente la pobreza. La educación es el primer paso para romper el círculo de la pobreza; hay relación entre los niveles de educación y las remuneraciones que las ersonas pueden alcanzar. El desarrollo descansa en el acelerado cambio tecnológico que no es más que el conocimiento científico aplicado a la producción. Crear conocimiento supone educación superior, y en la base de ésta está la educación básica, que es el cimiento de cualquier modelo de desarrollo que aspire a la equidad. No educar a los menores significa desperdiciar la formación de capital humano, ello traba el desarrollo nacional. Sin educación no habrá capital humano calificado como motor básico de la productividad y la competitividad.

  11. [Infantile autism and mirror neurons].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cornelio-Nieto, J O

    2009-02-27

    Infantile autism is a disorder that is characterised by alterations affecting reciprocal social interactions, abnormal verbal and non-verbal communication, poor imaginative activity and a restricted repertoire of activities and interests. The causes of autism remain unknown, but there are a number of different approaches that attempt to explain the neurobiological causes of the syndrome. A recent theory that has been considered is that of a dysfunction in the mirror neuron system (MNS). The MNS is a neuronal complex, originally described in monkeys and also found in humans, that is related with our movements and which offers specific responses to the movements and intended movements of other subjects. This system is believed to underlie processes of imitation and our capacity to learn by imitation. It is also thought to play a role in language acquisition, in expressing the emotions, in understanding what is happening to others and in empathy. Because these functions are altered in children with autism, it has been suggested that there is some dysfunction present in the MNS of those with autism. Dysfunction of the MNS could account for the symptoms that are observed in children with autism.

  12. Estudio crítico sobre Roberto Bolaño : Literatura, identificaciones imaginarias y registros modélicos

    OpenAIRE

    Bril, C. Valeria

    2015-01-01

    El artículo analiza la figura de escritor de Roberto Bolaño (1953-2003), a partir de su surgimiento en los medios literarios, en función de lo que el discurso de la crítica cataloga y aborda en diferentes momentos en cuanto a la evolución del autor y de su obra. Lo que planteamos averiguar es lo que sucede con el caso “Bolaño”, cuya contemplación supone atender la situación particular de una figura paradigmática que construye una subjetividad notable evocada en su obra como una articulación e...

  13. Sangue e Coca-Cola: a carnavalização e a literatura pop de Roberto Drummond

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ernest Bowes

    2015-08-01

    Full Text Available Este estudo se propõe à reflexão sobre as obras de Roberto Drummond, mais especificamente Sangue de Coca-Cola – romance que integra o ciclo Coca-Cola do autor. A pesquisa se propõe a demonstrar que a arte pop não é estática e que se materializa através da interação com outras linguagens e com a cultura. Assim, o trânsito entre distintos campos discursivos como a Filosofia, Sociologia e a Teoria da Literatura apresentou-se, então, como a estratégia mais apropriada para discutir a questão.

  14. Sangue e Coca-Cola: a carnavalização e a literatura pop de Roberto Drummond

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ernest Bowes

    2018-04-01

    Full Text Available Este estudo se propõe à reflexão sobre as obras de Roberto Drummond, mais especificamente Sangue de Coca-Cola - romance que integra o ciclo Coca-Cola do autor. A pesquisa se propõe a demonstrar que a arte pop não é estática e que se materializa através da interação com outras linguagens e com a cultura. Assim, o trânsito entre distintos campos discursivos como a Filosofia, Sociologia e a Teoria da Literatura apresentou-se, então, como a estratégia mais apropriada para discutir a questão.   Palavras-chave: Carnavalização, Literatura Pop, Sangue de Coca-Cola.

  15. Estudio crítico sobre Roberto Bolaño: literatura, identificaciones imaginarias y registros modélicos

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    C. Valeria Bril

    2015-09-01

    Full Text Available The article analyzes the figure of writer Roberto Bolaño (1953-2003, from his emergence in literary circles, depending on what the discourse of critical lists and addresses at different times as to the evolution of the author and his work. What we are proposing is to find out what happens with the case "Bolaño", the contemplation of caring if the particular situation of a paradigmatic figure who built a remarkable subjectivity evoked in his work as an essential link to the affirmation of the individual who writes, who is subtracted from the traditional literary aesthetic ideals that work for other contemporary Latin American authors.

  16. Ressignificação da detective fiction em Los detectives salvajes, de Roberto Bolaño

    OpenAIRE

    Bruna Tella Guerra

    2013-01-01

    Resumo: A síntese deste trabalho é a ressignificação da detective fiction em Los detectives salvajes, de Roberto Bolaño. O ponto de partida são os vários textos do autor que têm a figura do detetive na intitulação, sendo esse apenas um dos vários aspectos que recorre na obra bolañiana. Entendendo que a enorme rede de relações que existe em seus textos é sugestiva de seu projeto literário, coerentemente será assumida uma visão transtextual para a análise da narrativa: através de textos crítico...

  17. A questão da paisagem no Brasil através de Roberto Burle Marx

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Alexandra Maria Aguiar Leister

    2016-12-01

    Full Text Available Burle Marx believed that the landscape´s aesthetic dimension was an essential concept for human life. In Brasil, Burle Marx’s landscapes enrich our thoughts on landscape architecture, often borrowed from international authors. In this context, this article, based on the theoretical framework of philosophy and geography, leads to a reflection on landscape based on the works of the Brazilian master of landscapes, Roberto Burle Marx. His professional career is a unique contribution to deepening the issue of landscape. As a dyad, his theoretical concepts of nature were transformed into livable landscapes. In this ethereal process, the master built places worthy of awakening the senses. This article reflects on his theoretical concepts of landscape, the way he transformed them into landscape architecture projects and his thoughts about the future of the Brazilian landscape.

  18. Brainstem evoked potentials in infantile spasms

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Miyazaki, Masahito; Hashimoto, Toshiaki; Murakawa, Kazuyoshi; Tayama, Masanobu; Kuroda, Yasuhiro

    1992-01-01

    In ten patients with infantile spasms, brainstem evoked potentials and MRI examinations were performed to evaluate the brainstem involvement. The result of short latency somatosensory evoked potentials (SSEP) following the right median nerve stimulation revealed abnormal findings including the absence or low amplitudes of the waves below wave P3 and delayed central conduction time in 7 of the ten patients. The result of auditory brainstem responses (ABR) revealed abnormal findings including low amplitudes of wave V, prolonged interpeak latency of waves I-V and absence of the waves below wave IV in 5 of the ten patients. The result of the MRI examinations revealed various degrees of the brainstem atrophy in 6 of the ten patients, all of whom showed abnormal brainstem evoked potentials. The result of this study demonstrates that patients with infantile spasms are frequently associated with brainstem dysfunction and raises the possibility that brainstem atrophy might be a cause of infantile spasms. (author)

  19. PORNOGRAFÍA INFANTIL EN INTERNET

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Laura Negredo

    2016-09-01

    Full Text Available La descarga, intercambio y producción de pornografía infantil es una conducta delictiva de importancia creciente. La explotación cruel de menores y su vínculo con otros problemas como el abuso sexual despiertan preocupación social y académica. El presente trabajo aborda la naturaleza del fenómeno, las características de los materiales que se etiquetan como pornografía infantil, los rasgos psicológicos de los usuarios y los programas de tratamiento existentes.

  20. PERSPECTIVAS INFANTILES SOBRE LA TERRITORIALIDAD

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    NOELIA ENRIZ

    2009-12-01

    Full Text Available In this paper we propose a different approach to children's ideas about the geographical area in the particular context of the Mbyá Guarani population, from Misiones (Argentine. The territorial fragility, that is exposed to the indigenous people in Argentina aremanifested daily in several areas. Mbyá population, has been crossed by the boundaries of national states of Paraguay, Brazil and Argentina. The sedentary and enclosures land processes in different states, have prompted changes in the logic of subsistence, housing and community organization. In Misiones province case, bureaucratic accreditation of land titles is postponed, the state is not committed to the realization of this right.RESUMEN: En este trabajo nos proponemos un acercamiento a las diversas ideas infantiles sobre el territorio habitado, en el contexto particular de la población mbyá guaraní de Misiones. La fragilidad territorialidad a la que es expuesta la población indígena en Argentina se manifiestan cotidianamente en diversas áreas. La población mbyá, ha sido surcada por los límites de los estados nacionales de Paraguay, Brasil y Argentina. La sedentarización y los cercamientos de tierras en los diferentes estados, han impulsado transformaciones de las lógicas de subsistencia, de habitación y organización comunitaria. En el caso de la provincia de Misiones la acreditación burocrática de los títulos de tierras se encuentra aplazada, el estado no se compromete con la concreción de este derecho.

  1. Laser treatment of infantile hemangiomas

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Michelle Si Ying Ng

    2017-01-01

    Full Text Available Infantile hemangiomas (IHs are the most common benign soft tissue tumor of infancy and childhood. Many patients seek early treatment to halt progression of tumor growth and accelerate regression to achieve quick resolution with good cosmetic outcomes. We reviewed literature through PubMed search on the treatment strategies for IH and share our experience in the field of laser treatment of IH. Treatment strategies for IH include both pharmacological, laser, and surgical interventions depending on the stage and severity of the lesion. Various laser beams have been attempted with varying effects and effectiveness. The 595-nm pulsed dye laser therapy has been most widely utilized owing to its great efficacy but minimal adverse effects. It works by targeting oxyhemoglobin chromophore in blood vessels located within the dermis, causing photothermal damage of these target vessels stimulating quick involution without damaging surrounding healthy skin. It is especially useful in treating ulcerated superficial facial hemangiomas that necessitate rapid healing to avoid unsightly scarring. It has a good safety profile but small risk of epidermal burn, blistering, postinflammatory pigment changes, and scarring remains in those with darker skin types treated with higher fluences and short-pulsed duration. Combination treatment with 1064 nm neodymium-doped yttrium aluminum garnet laser, oral propranolol, and even corticosteroids remains an option, especially in treatment of deep, large, and functionally threatening IH. Careful consideration in consultation with the child's parents given the complexities and potential complications surrounding treatment should always be considered. Laser treatment remains an appropriate treatment for rapidly growing IH in exposed locations at early presentation.

  2. Analysis of infantile subdural hematoma caused by abuse

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Park, Young-Soo; Nishio, Kenji; Fujimoto, Takatoshi; Nakase, Hiroyuki; Okuchi, Kazuo

    2010-01-01

    We report infantile subdural hematoma caused by abuse. Between January 2006 and December 2009, 10 cases of definite and highly suspicious abusive subdural hematoma in infants were treated at Nara Medical University Hospital. The mean age was 5.4 months. On CT examination, severe cerebral swelling was seen in 8 (80%) and wide spreading cerebral ischemia and atrophy in 9 (90%). Retinal hemorrhage was commonly seen in this series (90%). Subdural drainage and/or subdural-peritoneal shunt surgeries were performed in 6 cases, and intensive combined therapy of mild hypothermia and barbiturate was adapted in 7 cases. Favorable outcome was achieved in only 3 cases. In spite of aggressive treatment, clinical outcome are still bad. In our series, assailants were predominantly not father but mother. There were various and complex factors for child abuse. Cautious insight and suspicion are necessary to detect abusive injuries in infants. It is very important to endeavor to prevent recurrences of abusive injuries. (author)

  3. Version pediátrica del protocolo de evaluación de la adecuación (PAE: Aplicación a los cuatro Grupos Diagnósticos relacionados más frecuentes en un hospital infantil de la Coruña

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Saleta Canosa Jesús Luis

    1997-01-01

    Full Text Available FUNDAMENTO: Existe un amplio consenso en que una parte de la utilización de los recursos hospitalarios es inadecuada, en el sentido de que los pacientes reciben servicios que no les proporcionan beneficios significativos, o bien, que podrían ser más beneficiosos, o menos costosos, en un nivel asistencial inferior. El objetivo principal de este trabajo es determinar, mediante la aplicación retrospectiva de la versión pediátrica del Protocolo de Evaluación de la Adecuación (AEP, el porcentaje de ingresos y estancias inadecuadas de los 4 Grupos Relacionados con el Diagnóstico (GDR más frecuentes en un hospital materno-infantil. MÉTODO: Se trata de un estudio retrospectivo en el que se analizan 353 historias clínicas (HC de las 361 que constituyen la población de estudio. Como análisis estadístico se utiliza Chi cuadrado y análisis de tendencia lineal. Sobre las medias obtenidas se aplicó un análisis de la varianza y la prueba de comparación múltiple de Scheffé. RESULTADOS: Las admisiones fueron juzgadas como adecuadas en 284 (80,5% de los casos e inadecuadas en 69 (19,5%. El 76% de las estancias revisadas fueron juzgadas como apropiadas y el 24% como inapropiadas. En el GDR 030 (estupor y coma de origen traumático, coma<1 hora, edad 0-17 se aprecia una relación directa entre duración de la estancia y uso inapropiado de la hospitalización. CONCLUSIONES: De los resultados de este estudio se desprende que una sustancial proporción de la utilización en el hospital es inapropiada y que, particularmente en el GDR 030, es probable se esté efectuando un manejo especialmente conservador.

  4. Mortalidad infantil en Cuba 1959-1999

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Raúl Riverón Corteguera

    2001-09-01

    Full Text Available De 1959 a 1999, con los datos estadísticos disponibles, la mortalidad infantil en Cuba disminuyó en 81,3 %, la mortalidad neonatal precoz se redujo el 73,4 %, la mortalidad neonatal tardía el 83,6 % y la posneonatal en 86,0 %. Las reducciones obtenidas en el período se distribuyeron uniformemente entre todas las provincias, aunque la mayor disminución se produjo en las provincias centrales y occidentales. Los rubros que más disminuyeron sus tasas fueron: enteritis y otras enfermedades diarreicas, infecciones respiratorias agudas, afecciones perinatales en general y las meningitis, aunque todas las causas reducen la mortalidad en el período. La natalidad descendió el 51,3 %, la fecundidad lo hizo en 30 %, el crecimiento demográfico bruto de la población disminuyó el 59,8 %, el parto institucional aumentó en 65,9 %, el bajo peso al nacer descendió el 36,9 %, la mortalidad perinatal se redujo el 67,2 %, los nacidos vivos disminuyeron el 21,1 % y la supervivencia infantil a los 5 años aumentó el 3,8 %. Esto ha sido posible debido principalmente a la decisión política de priorizar el sector de la salud y muy especialmente la salud maternoinfantil adoptada por nuestro Estado a principios de la década de los 60, lo que permitió alcanzar avances en la organización, calidad de la atención y una amplia cobertura de los servicios de salud. También fueron elementos importantes, el mejoramiento del nivel de vida y de la educación alcanzados por la población, las mejoras logradas en la situación sanitaria y epidemiológica, la distribución equitativa de los alimentos que prioriza a la madre y al niño. Un elemento fundamental en la última década ha sido el desarrollo del "médico de la familia" en la atención primaria y el mejoramiento de la atención hospitalaria. Por otra parte han contribuido de manera notable el establecimiento del Programa Nacional de Atención Maternoinfantil, que abarca las inmunizaciones, el control de las

  5. Childhood asthma along the United States/ Mexico border: hospitalizations and air quality in two California counties El asma infantil en la frontera mexicana-estadounidense: hospitalizaciones y calidad del aire ambiental en dos condados de California

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Paul B English

    1998-06-01

    Full Text Available Since the passage of the North American Free Trade Agreement in 1993, there has been an increasing need to monitor environmental health trends that may be related to the rapid industrialization of the United States/Mexico border. We studied two counties on the California/Baja California border to obtain baseline data on trends in childhood asthma hospitalizations and two pollutants that aggravate asthma, ozone and particulate matter (less than 10 microns in diameter, from 1983 to 1994. Hospital discharge records of children 14 years and younger were analyzed, and rates by county, race, and sex were age-adjusted to the 1990 California population. Data on five ozone and particulate matter indices obtained from the California Environmental Protection Agency were used. Imperial County had the highest childhood asthma hospitalization rates in California for non-Hispanic whites and African-Americans, and the second highest for Hispanics. San Diego County had rates below the state average. Over the time period examined, rates in Imperial County increased 59%, while those in San Diego County decreased 9%. Maximum ozone levels increased 64% in Imperial County but decreased 46% in San Diego County. Particulate matter levels were four times higher in Imperial than in San Diego County. High rates of childhood asthma hospitalizations in Imperial County may be partially related to high levels of poverty and worsening air quality conditions produced by increased burdens on the local airshed. Asthma prevalence surveys and binational time-series analyses examining asthma-pollutant relationships are needed.Desde que se firmó el Tratado de Libre Comercio en 1993, ha aumentado la necesidad de monitorear problemas de salud que podrían relacionarse con la rápida industrialización de la frontera mexicana-estadounidense. Estudiamos dos condados de la fontera entre California y Baja California con objeto de obtener datos de base sobre las tendencias observadas de

  6. PROJETO DE EXTENSÃO: HUMANIZAÇÃO E EDUCAÇÃO EM SAÚDE JUNTO AOS CUIDADORES, CRIANÇAS E ADOLESCENTES NO HOSPITAL UNIVERSITÁRIO INFANTIL

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    Bruna Cavalheiro Engel

    2016-11-01

    Full Text Available O presente artigo é um relato de experiência do projeto de extensão Humanizar e Educar em saúde. O projeto é constituído por uma equipe interdisciplinar, contando com docentes e discentes dos cursos de Fisioterapia, Psicologia e Nutrição. O projeto de extensão é voltado à humanização e educação em saúde no Hospital Universitário Pequeno Anjo (HUPA, que atende crianças de 0 a 14 anos.  Este projeto tem como objetivo a troca de saberes junto às crianças, adolescentes e cuidadores por meio de roda de conversa e estratégias dinâmicas. A metodologia adotada é a da roda de conversa orientada pelos preceitos de Paulo Freire. No período de março de 2015 a junho de 2016 aconteceram 90 encontros e a participação de 742 cuidadores, crianças e adolescentes. As rodas de conversa com cuidadores de crianças e adolescentes permitiu a troca de experiências, na qual os sujeitos auxiliam uns aos outros no processo de enfrentamento da hospitalização.

  7. Acute Infantile Hemiplegia Associated with Ipsilateral Retinal ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    An 18-month-old patient with acute infantile hemiplegia, aphasia and ipsilateral retinal vascular occlusion, is described. The opthalmic findings suggest that the lesion was due to emboli originating from both internal carotid arteries, probably as a result of upper respiratory tract infection and otitis media. This report ...

  8. Biofeedback: Infant asthma Biofeedback: asma infantil

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    J. J. Nombela

    2010-09-01

    Full Text Available

    The present study is a revision of the different applications of biofeedback in infantile bronchial asthma. The technique may be used on its own (preferably in the motor area or in conjunction with other techniques such as hypnosis, relaxation, etc. However, it should be stated that previous work published in this field is difficult to interpret since results are inconclusive, it is, therefore, difficult to produce a scientific summary.

    KEY WORDS: Biofeedback; infantile asthma; respiratory biofeedback.

    Con este trabajo se pretende hacer una revisión sobre las distintas aplicaciones del biofeedback en el asma bronquial infantil, bien solo (preferentemente en el campo motriz o bien asociado a otras técnicas de hipnosis, relajación, etc. Aunque es necesario manifestar que la producción científica relacionada con el tema, hace que tenga una difícil valoración dado que sus resultados son no concluyentes y discutibles, lo cual dificulta la elaboración de un resumen científico.
    PALABRAS CLAVE: Biofeedback; asma infantil; biofeedback respiratorio

  9. El testimonio infantil ante el abuso sexual

    OpenAIRE

    Vera Temiño, Alba

    2012-01-01

    Se aborda la problemática de la evaluación del testimonio infantil en los casos de abuso sexual. Se hace un recorrido por las dificultades que plantea este tipo de análisis y se profundiza en las herramientas forenses que la psicología ha creado para su investigación

  10. Roberto Burgio: the scientist at the service of every new life born into the world [Article in English and Italian] • [Roberto Burgio: lo scienziato al servizio di ogni nuova vita nata al mondo] [Article in English and Italian

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    Italo Farnetani

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available Burgio was a great master of pediatrics; he surely contributed to the progress of medicine and science in general.“Nobody is born of his own will and therefore we are all committed to ensuring that those who are born live good lives. Parents first of all, but obviously pediatricians at their sides. This is a maxim that I have placed on the back cover of the 5th edition of Pediatria Essenziale”, he said during the presentation of his book in Pavia.Pediatria essenziale is the text of pediatrics which, from its 1stedition in 1978, has been a book studied and consulted by students, physicians and pediatricians and which guided Roberto Burgio’s thought up to the final edition in 2012 to which he applied some five years of total commitment, with the involvement of 120collaborators, a number so large that he defined it a “choral” work. He reviewed and verified every page in contact with the authors to whom he sent questions and requests for extensions. It was thus “his book”, the one to which he entrusted his thought, his knowledge, his being a man and physician. It is thus a work that will remain in the annals of pediatrics. [Burgio è stato un grande maestro di pediatria, e sicuramente ha contribuito ai progressi della medicina e della scienza in generale.“Nessuno nasce per propria volontà e, quindi, siamo tutti impegnati a far vivere bene chi nasce. Genitori in primo luogo; ma Pediatri ovviamente, con essi. È una mia massima che ho riportato in IV di copertina di Pediatria Essenziale, V edizione”, affermò durante la presentazione del suo libro a Pavia.La Pediatria essenziale è il testo di pediatria che, dalla I edizione del 1978, è stato un libro studiato e consultato da studenti, medici e pediatri e che ha veicolato il pensiero di Roberto Burgio, fino all’ultima edizione del 2012 alla quale ha dedicato circa cinque anni di dedizione assoluta, coinvolgendo 120 collaboratori, tanto che la definì un’opera

  11. The team from ALICE DAQ (Data acquisition) involved in the 7th ALICE data challenge. First row: Sylvain Chapeland, Ulrich Fuchs, Pierre Vande Vyvre, Franco Carena Second row: Wisla Carena, Irina MAKHLYUEVA , Roberto Divia

    CERN Multimedia

    Claudia Marcelloni

    2007-01-01

    The team from ALICE DAQ (Data acquisition) involved in the 7th ALICE data challenge. First row: Sylvain Chapeland, Ulrich Fuchs, Pierre Vande Vyvre, Franco Carena Second row: Wisla Carena, Irina MAKHLYUEVA , Roberto Divia

  12. Luso-brazilian mediations Roberto Leal’s affective journey and some issues on immigrant identity in the film Miracle, the power of faith (1979

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Tiago José Lemos Monteiro

    2014-06-01

    Full Text Available This paper focuses on the brazilian feature film Miracle, the power of faith (1979, directed by Hércules Breseghelo and starring the portuguese singer and songwriter Roberto Leal as the main character. Its autobiographical plot tells the story of a humble portuguese imigrant whose dream of becoming a famous singer leads him through a journey in which certain values are celebrated, such as self-denied labour, to sacrifice in the name of family, and redemption by faith. My hipothesis is that Miracle takes its place on a lineage of several films and, mainly, musical works which are adressed to the immigrant portuguese community living in Brazil. I also discuss the role of mediator played by Roberto Leal, in its cultural and affective dimensions.

  13. Matta : du surréalisme à l’histoire / Matta : Roberto Sebastian Matta, Gordon Matta-Clark, Pablo Echaurren

    OpenAIRE

    Foucault, Anne

    2014-01-01

    En 2013, plusieurs expositions et publicationsont célébré la vie, l’œuvre et la famille de l'artiste chilien Roberto Matta. Cette actualité manifeste un regain d'intérêt des institutions et de la critique pour le travail du peintre surréaliste. Le catalogue Matta : du surréalisme à l'histoire, relaie l'interrogation de l'exposition marseillaise : comment Roberto Matta, peintre de l'automatisme surréaliste, est-il parvenu, au cours des années 1950, à pratiquer une peinture d'histoire en réagis...

  14. Roberto Sebastian Matta, Gordon Matta-Clark, Pablo Echaurren Matta : du Surréalisme à l’histoire

    OpenAIRE

    Foucault, Anne

    2014-01-01

    En 2013, plusieurs expositions et publicationsont célébré la vie, l’œuvre et la famille de l'artiste chilien Roberto Matta. Cette actualité manifeste un regain d'intérêt des institutions et de la critique pour le travail du peintre surréaliste. Le catalogue Matta : du surréalisme à l'histoire, relaie l'interrogation de l'exposition marseillaise : comment Roberto Matta, peintre de l'automatisme surréaliste, est-il parvenu, au cours des années 1950, à pratiquer une peinture d'histoire en réagis...

  15. Infantile Type Sandhoff Disease with Striking Brain MRI Findings and a Novel Mutation

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Beker-Acay, Mehtap; Elmas, Muhsin; Koken, Resit; Unlu, Ebru; Bukulmez, Aysegul

    2016-01-01

    Sandhoff disease is an autosomal recessive disorder caused by β-hexosaminidase deficiency in which the ganglioside GM2 and other glycolipids accumulate intracellularly within lysosomes. This process results in progressive motor neuron manifestations, death from respiratory failure and infections in infantiles. This report presents a 22-month-old girl with infantile type Sandhoff disease that was hospitalized for generalized seizures and psychomotor retardation. She was diagnosed with a genetically proven novel mutation and by demonstrating it’s specific imaging findings. Determination of spesific changes in neuroimaging which are initial findings for GM2 gangliosidosis is important from the point of diagnosis and follow-up in infants suspected of having a neurodegenerative disease

  16. Poéticas de lo indecidible: Roberto Bolaño y la re-narración post-dictatorial

    OpenAIRE

    Eugenio Santangelo

    2013-01-01

    This paper examines Roberto Bolaño's rewriting of his own short story "Ramírez Hoffman, el infame" in the novel Estrella distante. It considers the re-narration of historical catastrophes as an ethical and political scheme, exploring Bolaño's poetics of narrative pluralization, as well as his ethics of reading as a critical experience. Following Idelber Avelar's theories on postdictatorial fiction, the paper highlights the author's effort to impede the resolution of the mourning process, oppo...

  17. «Tiziano?», «Correggio?». Due expertises di Ludwig Baldass e Roberto Longhi nell’archivio di Antonio Morassi

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    Giulio Zavatta

    2017-12-01

    Full Text Available The Photo Archive Antonio Morassi (Ca' Foscari University of Venice contains a unique file with photographs and expertises on two paintings attributed to Titian and Correggio. This paper aims to investigate the role played by the two art historians Ludwig Baldass and Roberto Longhi in this "affair", which represents an evocative case study for the history of Italian art market after the Second World War, and for the critical debate over Correggio and his legacy.

  18. Cartografías corporales: las pesquisas antropológicas del doctor Roberto Lehmann-Nitsche, Buenos Aires: 1897-1908 Traçar do corpo: investigacões antropológicas do doutor Roberto Lehmann-Nitsche, Buenos Aires: 1897-1908 Body mapping: anthropological investigations of Dr. Roberto Lehmann-Nitsche, Buenos Aires: 1897-1908

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    Pablo Perazzi

    2009-07-01

    Full Text Available El último cuarto del siglo XIX fue la época de las grandes investigaciones de morfología humana. En ese contexto, la antropología física, que según sus cultores era la antropología propiamente dicha, se lanzó a uno de los más ambiciosos proyectos de cooperación científica a escala planetaria: la formación de un archivo universal de las variedades corporales. Llegado a Buenos Aires en 1897, el antropólogo alemán Roberto Lehmann-Nitsche se convertiría en uno de los más entusiastas difusores del "ideario fisonomista" en el ambiente científico rioplatense. El objetivo del artículo consiste, pues, en una revisión crítica de sus ignoradas -o fragmentariamente consultadas- pesquisas corporales en el "submundo" de la Argentina finisecularO ultimo quarto do século XIX foi a época das grandes pesquisas da morfologia humana. Nesse contexto, a antropologia física, que segundo seus especialistas era "a antropologia" própriamente dita, lançou um dos projetos mais ambiciosos da cooperação científica na escala planetária: a formação de uma arquivo universal das variedades corporais. O antropólogo alemão Roberto Lehmann-Nitsche, chegado a Buenos Aires em 1897, transformo-se num dos difusores os mais entusiásticos do "ideario fisonomista" no contexto científico do Río da Plata. O objetivo de este artigo é uma revisão crítica de suas ignorodas -ou fragmentariamente consultadas- pesquisas no "submondo" da Argentina finisecularThe last quarter of 19th Century was the time of great researches on the human morphology. In this context, physical anthropology, which according to its promoters was the true anthropology, produced one of its most ambitious projects of cooperation at a global scale: the formation of a universal archive of body type varieties. Arrived to our southern coasts in 1897, the anthropologist Robert Lehmann-Nitsche some become one of the most enthusiastic promoters of "physonomic ideas" in the local scientific

  19. CT findings in patients with infantile epilepsy on ACTH therapy

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Watanabe, Kazunari; Hara, Kimiko; Hakamada, Akira; Miyazaki, Shuji.

    1981-01-01

    A case of infantile spasms in which subdural hematoma developed after ACTH-Z therapy was reported. The results of CT evaluated before and after the therapy in 17 cases of infantile epilepsy including infantile spasms. Cerebral atrophy due to ACTH-Z therapy was remarkable, especially in the infants under one year old. We should vary careful in employing ACTH-Z therapy for infants of this age. (Ueda, J.)

  20. Ilegitimidades na ficção de Roberto Bolaño: os filhos da outra

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    Renata Farias de Felippe

    2014-06-01

    Full Text Available Contar as margens/nas margens, uma das reincidências da chamada literatura pós-mo­derna, é também um traço proeminente da ficção do escritor Roberto Bolaño. A sua obra ficcional — cuja irrupção se dá após o denominado “boom” da literatura latino-americana — aponta para um outro entre-lugar, dis­tanciado tanto da tendência fantástica que deu visibilidade à literatura produ­zida na América hispânica, quanto da vertente que, debruçada sobre a própria literatura, questiona os limites da linguagem. Ficção cir­cunscrita sob o signo do exílio e da inadequação, na obra de Bo­laño as personagens estabelecem laços afeti­vos/familiares provisórios, (ilegítimos e é nesse âmbito que irrompem maternidades excêntricas, cujas con­tingências e instabilidades direcionam ao queer. Pensar as representações maternas/maternais como um locus de transitoriedades (ilegitimadas pelo afeto é o objetivo desta exposição.

  1. Ilegitimidades na ficção de Roberto Bolaño: os filhos da outra

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Renata Farias de Felippe

    2014-01-01

    Contar as margens/nas margens, uma das reincidências da chamada literatura pós-mo­derna, é também um traço proeminente da ficção do escritor Roberto Bolaño. A sua obra ficcional — cuja irrupção se dá após o denominado “boom” da literatura latino-americana — aponta para um outro entre-lugar, dis­tanciado tanto da tendência fantástica que deu visibilidade à literatura produ­zida na América hispânica, quanto da vertente que, debruçada sobre a própria literatura, questiona os limites da linguagem. Ficção cir­cunscrita sob o signo do exílio e da inadequação, na obra de Bo­laño as personagens estabelecem laços afeti­vos/familiares provisórios, (ilegítimos e é nesse âmbito que irrompem maternidades excêntricas, cujas con­tingências e instabilidades direcionam ao queer. Pensar as representações maternas/maternais como um locus de transitoriedades (ilegitimadas pelo afeto é o objetivo desta exposição.

  2. Estética del 'cross a la mandíbula' y elementos modernista - decadentes en Roberto Arlt

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    Laura Susana Juárez

    2003-11-01

    Full Text Available El trabajo reflexiona sobre el cruce de tendencias presentes en lo que se ha considerado como la primera etapa de la obra de Roberto Arlt. Así, en la estética arltiana de una literatura que encierra “la viol encia de un ‘cross’ a la mandíbula”, definida en las palabras preliminares a Los lanzallamas, se introducen algunos rasgos que provienen del modernismo y del imaginario decadente, en muchos aspectos, muy criticados por el propio escritor. En este marco, se analiza, en primer lugar, “Jehová” (1918, el primer cuento que publicó, cuya construcción evidencia lecturas de fuerte matriz modernista. Luego, se estudia el modo en que Arlt intenta separarse del modernismo-decadentismo en sus textos programáticos, sus novelas y sus primeras narraciones, y la forma en que, de todas maneras, se retoman en su literatura ciertos elementos que remiten visiblemente a la estética en cuestión. Finalmente, indagamos cómo, cuando en Arlt puede observarse una pretensión de “estilo alto”, aparece el modernismo

  3. Entre ensueños y fantasmas, la parodia. Una aproximación al teatro de Roberto Arlt

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    Natalia Sara

    2009-06-01

    Full Text Available En más de una oportunidad los críticos se han propuesto poner el acento en las relaciones que claramente establece la obra de Roberto Arlt con el universo folletinesco. Rastreo legítimo, puesto que ya desde El juguete rabioso el lector se encuentra con un mundo en el que otro lector, Silvio Astier, aspiraba “a ser un bandido de alta escuela” como Rocambole, héroe de los relatos que por cinco centavos le alquilaba el viejo zapatero andaluz. En un trabajo de publicación más o menos reciente, Sylvia Saítta pasa revista por algunas de estas tentativas críticas que van desde Viñas a Sarlo, pasando por las formulaciones de Guerrero y Piglia, las cuales hacen hincapié en los rasgos que adquiere esta apropiación, principalmente en la narrativa arltiana. Quizás sean los planteos de Beatriz Sarlo los más esclarecedores en este sentido, si pensamos que la autora acompaña sus hipótesis con extensas investigaciones culturales acerca del proceso de modernización que se produjo en Buenos Aires en la década que va desde 1920 a 1930, así como de las miles de narraciones de circulación periódica que poblaron nuestro país por la misma época.

  4. Entre ensueños y fantasmas, la parodia. Una aproximación al teatro de Roberto Arlt

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Natalia Sara

    2009-07-01

    Full Text Available En más de una oportunidad los críticos se han propuesto poner el acento en las relaciones que claramente establece la obra de Roberto Arlt con el universo folletinesco. Rastreo legítimo, puesto que ya desde El juguete rabioso el lector se encuentra con un mundo en el que otro lector, Silvio Astier, aspiraba “a ser un bandido de alta escuela” como Rocambole, héroe de los relatos que por cinco centavos le alquilaba el viejo zapatero andaluz. En un trabajo de publicación más o menos reciente, Sylvia Saítta pasa revista por algunas de estas tentativas críticas que van desde Viñas a Sarlo, pasando por las formulaciones de Guerrero y Piglia, las cuales hacen hincapié en los rasgos que adquiere esta apropiación, principalmente en la narrativa arltiana. Quizás sean los planteos de Beatriz Sarlo los más esclarecedores en este sentido, si pensamos que la autora acompaña sus hipótesis con extensas investigaciones culturales acerca del proceso de modernización que se produjo en Buenos Aires en la década que va desde 1920 a 1930, así como de las miles de narraciones de circulación periódica que poblaron nuestro país por la misma época.

  5. Management of infantile hemangiomas: Current trends

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Gomathy Sethuraman

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available Infantile hemangiomas (IH are common vascular tumours. IH have a characteristic natural course. They proliferate rapidly during the early infantile period followed by a period of gradual regression over several years. Most of the uncomplicated IH undergo spontaneous involution, with a small proportion of cases requiring intervention. These are children with IH in life-threatening locations, local complications like haemorrhage, ulceration and necrosis and functional or cosmetic disfigurements. Systemic corticosteroids have been the first line of treatment for many years. Recently, non-selective beta-blockers, such as oral propranalol and topical timolol, have emerged as promising and safer therapies. Other treatment options include interferon α and vincristine which are reserved for life-threatening haemangiomas that are unresponsive to conventional therapy. This review mainly focuses on the current trends and evidence-based approach in the management of IH.

  6. CRESCIMENTO INFANTIL: ANÁLISE DO CONCEITO

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Flávia Paula Magalhães Monteiro

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available El objetivo fue analizar el concepto de crecimiento infantil mediante identificación de elementos atributos y consecuencias que componen el fenómeno. Para análisis de concepto que fue basado en 41 estudios, se utilizaron el modelo de análisis evolutivo y la revisión integradora de la literatura. Para selección de las producciones, se buscaron las bases de datos Scopus, Cinahl y Lilacs, el portal de PubMed e la biblioteca Cochrane. El crecimiento se ha presentado diferentes connotaciones, incluyendo aspectos sociales y fisiológicos como parte del dominio físico del desarrollo del niño. Atributos y consecuencias identificadas traen amplia percepción acerca del fenómeno analizado, teniendo en cuenta que vinculan diversos aspectos relacionados con otros estudios sobre crecimiento infantil. La comprensión teórica del desarrollo infantil puede proporcionar a enfermeros conocimiento en profundidad sobre los factores que implican este proceso, facilitando decisiones a través de medidas de intervención.

  7. ROBERTO DE MESQUITA E O “ELOGIO DA SOLIDÃO” UMA LEITURA DE ALMAS CATIVAS

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Maria Natália Gomes Thimóteo

    2012-10-01

    Full Text Available Uma poesia de lugar, de isolamento, assim se pode chamar a poesia de Roberto de Mesquita, em que a paisagem, a cor e expressão de insularidade são o grande tema. Nemésio foi a primeira voz que se ouviu sobre a poesia de Mesquita e ressaltando-lhe a ‘açorianidade’ nas suas Almas Cativas. Canta a tristeza, o mar como prisão e destino, juntando ‘portuguesmente’ Baudelaire e Verlaine, as notas metafísicas de Antero no panteísmo e o sentimento da “.solidão atlântica”. Seu imaginário está repleto de almas, das quais é cúmplice, inclusive da alma do passado, alegorizado pelas ruínas. Para Benjamin, as alegorias são no reino dos pensamentos o que as ruínas são no reino das coisas. É célebre a imagem de Benjamin, sobre o Anjo da História, referindo-se à alegoria do quadro de Klee, “Angelus Novus”. Como o anjo da alegoria, Mesquita é preso ao passado, ouvindo e vendo espectros em cativeiro. Na série de poemas “Relicários” há a complexidade da apreensão da essência do mundo real e os objetos são ‘hierofanias’, de que fala Eliade.

  8. The Early vs. Late Infantile Strabismus Surgery Study: Monitoring Report

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    H.J. Simonsz (Huib)

    1995-01-01

    textabstractAbstract: The Early vs. Late Infantile Strabismus Surgery Study Group is a group of strabismologists and orthoptists who investigate whether early or late surgery is preferable in infantile strabismus, in a non-randomized, prospective, multi-center trial. Infants between six and 18

  9. El maltrato infantil y la credibilidad del testimonio en menores

    OpenAIRE

    Fagúndez Gómez, Raquel

    2015-01-01

    En los últimos años ha aumentado de forma exponencial la investigación acerca del maltrato infantil, ya que se considera un acto reprobable y completamente perjudicial para el menor. Este estudio tiene como finalidad dar a conocer los tipos de maltrato infantil existentes y la metodología que se puede utilizar para detectarlos.

  10. Natural History of Infantile GM2 Gangliosidosis

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bley, Annette E.; Giannikopoulos, Ourania A.; Hayden, Doug; Kubilus, Kim; Tifft, Cynthia J.

    2011-01-01

    OBJECTIVE: GM2 gangliosidoses are caused by an inherited deficiency of lysosomal β-hexosaminidase and result in ganglioside accumulation in the brain. Onset during infancy leads to rapid neurodegeneration and death before 4 years of age. We set out to quantify the rate of functional decline in infantile GM2 gangliosidosis on the basis of patient surveys and a comprehensive review of existing literature. METHODS: Patients with infantile GM2 gangliosidosis (N = 237) were surveyed via questionnaire by the National Tay Sachs & Allied Diseases Association (NTSAD). These data were supplemented by survival data from the NTSAD database and a literature survey. Detailed retrospective surveys from 97 patients were available. Five patients who had received hematopoietic stem cell transplantation were evaluated separately. The mortality rate of the remaining 92 patients was comparable to that of the 103 patients from the NTSAD database and 121 patients reported in the literature. RESULTS: Common symptoms at onset were developmental arrest (83%), startling (65%), and hypotonia (60%). All 55 patients who had learned to sit without support lost that ability within 1 year. Individual functional measures correlated with each other but not with survival. Gastric tube placement was associated with prolonged survival. Tay Sachs and Sandhoff variants did not differ. Hematopoietic stem cell transplantation was not associated with prolonged survival. CONCLUSIONS: We studied the timing of regression in 97 cases of infantile GM2 gangliosidosis and conclude that clinical disease progression does not correlate with survival, likely because of the impact of improved supportive care over time. However, functional measures are quantifiable and can inform power calculations and study design of future interventions. PMID:22025593

  11. A longitudinal study of gastrointestinal diseases in individuals diagnosed with infantile autism as children

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Mouridsen, Svend-Erik; Rich, B; Isager, T

    2009-01-01

    Abstract Background A number of studies have indicated a link between gastrointestinal (GI) diseases and autism spectrum disorders. Method The objective of this study was to compare the prevalence and types of GI diseases in a clinical sample of 118 individuals diagnosed as children with infantile...... autism (IA) with GI diseases in 336 matched controls from the general population, based on data from the nationwide Danish National Hospital Register (DNHR). The average observation time was 30.3 years (SD 0.4) (range 27-30 years), and mean age at the end of the observation period was 42.7 years (SD 7...

  12. Diseases of the circulatory system among adult people diagnosed with infantile autism as children

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Mouridsen, Svend Erik; Rich, Bente; Isager, Torben

    2016-01-01

    BACKGROUND: Research dealing with adult people with autism spectrum disorders (ASD) noticeably lags behind studies of children and young individuals with ASD. AIMS: The objective of this study was to compare the prevalence and types of diseases of the circulatory system in a clinical sample of 118...... adult people diagnosed with infantile autism (IA) as children with 336 sex and age matched controls from the general population. METHODS AND PROCEDURES: All participants were screened through the nationwide Danish National Hospital Register. The average observation time of both groups was 37.2 years...

  13. Dibujo infantil como medio de diagnostico

    OpenAIRE

    González Hernando, Elisa

    2015-01-01

    Con este documento se pretende demostrar la importancia que tiene el dibujo infantil en el correcto desarrollo integral de las personas. Se estudia la importancia del dibujo y su valor a la hora de utilizarlo como método de diagnóstico ante determinados aspectos que pueden determinar la vida de una persona. En definitiva lo que se desarrolla en este trabajo de Fin de Grado es el papel que juega el dibujo como herramienta para el seguimiento del desarrollo de los individuos centrándonos ...

  14. A obesidade infantil: um problema emergente

    OpenAIRE

    Sousa, Joana; Loureiro, Isabel; Carmo, Isabel do

    2008-01-01

    A obesidade é um dos problemas de saúde mais graves que afecta crianças e adolescentes a nível mundial. As evidências sugerem que o problema está a agravar-se rapidamente. O aumento da prevalência de obesidade infantil pode fazer com que a próxima geração apresente indicadores de obesidade no adulto superiores aos indicadores actuais. Pelo facto de a obesidade estar intimamente associada a diferentes patologias crónicas faz com que estejamos perante um enorme desafio para o sistema de cuidado...

  15. Reflexo do consumismo infantil no ambiente escolar

    OpenAIRE

    Camargo, Sônia de Fátima; Vieira Júnior, Hélio

    2011-01-01

    Este artigo propôs verificar se há reflexos do consumismo infantil no ambiente escolar. Se á fatores que influenciam nas interações afetivas e subjetivas dos alunos das séries iniciais do Ensino Fundamental na Escola Municipal Professora Ana Cristina de sena município de Sinop – MT. O objetivo do trabalho foi investigar as relações interpessoais em sala de aula e de que forma essas relações acontecem diante do consumismo. Como fundamentação teórica, recorremos aos autores, Zygmunt Bauman, Ann...

  16. Obesidad infantil y consumo de bebidas azucaradas

    OpenAIRE

    Coronel, Julia

    2011-01-01

    La obesidad infantil es un importante problema de salud pública, por su prevalencia y consecuencias sobre las expectativas y la calidad de vida. La pediatría no deja de ser, en cada minuto del crecimiento de los niños, un momento para aprovechar y para poder decir qué tenemos y cómo tenemos que comer, tanto en cantidad como en calidad de nutrientes. El siguiente trabajo de investigación, realizado en la ciudad de Mar del Plata, tiene como objetivo determinar cómo incide el c...

  17. Obesidade infantil: uma proposta de tratamento comportamental

    OpenAIRE

    Cruz, Maria Tereza Monteiro da

    2012-01-01

    O objetivo da presente pesquisa foi avaliar um programa de economia de fichas para modificar o comportamento de crianças obesas. Participaram do estudo dois jovens do sexo masculino com idades de 10 e 11 anos uma adolescente com 15 anos, todos apresentavam peso excessivo para a idade e freqüentavam uma ONG voltada para o tratamento da obesidade infantil e suas mães. A pesquisadora emprestou uma filmadora para os participantes e solicitou que P1 filmasse o almoço e o jantar cinc...

  18. Poéticas de lo indecidible: Roberto Bolaño y la re-narración post-dictatorial

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Eugenio Santangelo

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available This paper examines Roberto Bolaño's rewriting of his own short story "Ramírez Hoffman, el infame" in the novel Estrella distante. It considers the re-narration of historical catastrophes as an ethical and political scheme, exploring Bolaño's poetics of narrative pluralization, as well as his ethics of reading as a critical experience. Following Idelber Avelar's theories on postdictatorial fiction, the paper highlights the author's effort to impede the resolution of the mourning process, opposing the politics of memory of the so-called Latin American democratic transition.

  19. La reflexión visual en Roberto Bolaño. Narración, dictadura y vanguardias en Estrella distante

    OpenAIRE

    Carlos Walker

    2016-01-01

    Este artículo construye sus argumentos a partir de una lectura de la novela Estrella distante del escritor chileno Roberto Bolaño. Se trata de desarrollos que se detienen en los componentes visuales del relato, en las divergencias temporales con que se estructura la narración y en los vínculos que estos tienden con la historia política evocada en la ficción (el personaje principal tiene como proyecto demostrarle al mundo la afinidad entre el arte de vanguardia y la dictadura de Pinochet recié...

  20. “Identidad en crisis y estética de la fragmentariedad en la novela de Roberto Bolaño”

    OpenAIRE

    Companys Tena, Mireia

    2010-01-01

    Este trabajo analiza las formas que adopta la crisis de la identidad, elemento esencial de la literatura posmoderna, en las principales novelas de Roberto Bolaño (La literatura nazi en América, Estrella distante, Los detectives salvajes, Amuleto, Nocturno de Chile y 2666), tanto a nivel temático como estructural. Dicha crisis se convierte en el eje vertebrador de motivos como el doble, el viaje o la locura, y de una concepción novelística que cuestiona sus propios mecanismos, dando lugar a un...

  1. Probiotics and infantile atopic eczema

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Akelma AZ

    2015-09-01

    Full Text Available Ahmet Zülfikar Akelma,1 Aziz Alper Biten2 1Pediatric Allergy and Immunology Unit, Ankara Kecioren Teaching and Research Hospital, Ankara, Turkey; 2General Directorate of Management Services, Republic of Turkey Ministry of Health, Ankara, Turkey Abstract: Pediatric eczema is a common disease which causes economic and social burden. Its incidence differs among the societies, with an incidence reported to reach up to 20% in developed countries. Eczema is the first allergic disease seen in the childhood, and it is recognized as a precursor for the development of atopic diseases such as asthma, allergic rhinitis, and food allergy in the forthcoming years of children. Increased incidence of eczema in recent years has led to new research in epidemiology, prevention, and intervention of this disease. It is no doubt important to treat itching, rash, and excoriation of the skin; however, treatment of pediatric eczema should not be considered only as a treatment of skin lesions. Considering skin treatment as the tip of the iceberg, proper management of the allergic processes can be accepted as the rest of the iceberg. The role of probiotics in the prevention of atopic eczema is yet to be clarified. Evidence presented by existing studies suggesting that probiotics may prevent pediatric eczema is not strong enough. A positive effect, if any, may be related with onset time, dose, duration, and use of specific probiotics. To date, there is no strong evidence for use of probiotics in the treatment of eczema; however, administration of probiotics in breast-feeding mothers in the prenatal period and in infants in the postnatal period can be accepted as a safe and helpful option in the prevention of eczema. Nevertheless, there are still questions to be answered in the future about probiotic administration for eczema. Clinical use of probiotics will gradually become more widespread when these questions are answered. Based on current information, the administration

  2. Roberto Mantovani (1854-1933 and his ideas on the expanding Earth, as revealed by his correspondence and manuscripts

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Giancarlo Scalera

    2009-06-01

    Full Text Available

    Roberto Mantovani (Parma, 25 March 1854-Paris, 10 January 1933 – a musician and geologist trained in the Duchy of Parma – was a Consul in the French island of La Réunion at the end of the nineteenth century. In 1878 drawing general conclusions from the similarity in shape between the facing banks of a river that flowed in a volcanic fracture, and the way in which the layers corresponded, Mantovani formulated a mobilistic theory, attributing the moving apart of the continents to the expansion of the entire planet. This theory is more general than that of Wegener from the first decades of the following century. Mantovani’s hypothesis was officially recognised by the French Geological Society in 1924, which incorporated it in its body of legitimate ideas. Encouraged by Bourcart in 1924, Wegener quoted the Italian in his famous book as one who offered ideas extraordinarily close to his own. A letter of Mantovani to Wegener, and the sceptical answer of the German scientist, have been recently found. In his letter Mantovani shows a greater awareness of the predecessors of the continental drift than Wegener

    himself. Mantovani continued to disseminate his idea up to the last years of his life. A final pamphlet, of 1930, was printed with this dedication: «to the mathematicians, physicists, astronomers, geologists, and anyone interested in the great enigmas of the Universe». is biography has been reconstructed thanks to the correspondences carefully conserved in the archives of the Italian Ministry of Foreign Affairs, the Ethnographic Museum Luigi Pigorini, the Società Geografica Italiana, and in the private files of his direct descendants.


  3. Gratification disorder ("infantile masturbation"): a review.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Nechay, A; Ross, L M; Stephenson, J B P; O'Regan, M

    2004-03-01

    Little has been published on gratification disorder ("infantile masturbation") in early childhood. To expand on the profile of patients diagnosed with this condition. Retrospective case note review; Fraser of Allander Neurosciences Unit paediatric neurology outpatient department 1972-2002. Thirty one patients were diagnosed (11 males and 20 females). Twenty one were referred for evaluation of possible epileptic seizures or epilepsy. The median age at first symptoms was 10.5 months (range 3 months to 5 years 5 months). The median age at diagnosis was 24.5 months (range 5 months to 8 years). The median frequency of events was seven times per week, and the median length 2.5 minutes. Events occurred in any situation in 10 children, and in a car seat in 11. Types of behaviour manifested were dystonic posturing in 19, grunting in 10, rocking in 9, eidetic imagery in 7, and sweating in 6. Two children had been previously diagnosed as having definite epilepsy. In nine cases home video was invaluable in allowing confident diagnosis. Gratification disorder, otherwise called infantile masturbation, is an important consideration in the differential diagnosis of epilepsy and other paroxysmal events in early childhood. Home video recording of events often prevents unnecessary investigations and treatments.

  4. Literatura y juego: Las canciones escenificadas infantiles

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Cerrillo Torremocha, Pedro C.

    2004-12-01

    Full Text Available The main goal of this paper is to analyze the content and structure of stagey children songs (skipping, rows, swing, playing a game standing in a ring.... These songs are considered to be orally-transmitted compositions, necessarily accompanied by an action that requires either staging or specific body language. I focus on those songs that contain popular and traditional ballads, or parts thereof. Reference is also made to the gradual disappearance of these compositions and the impact of this fact on the way children learn them nowadays, before they are put into writing.

    El autor analiza los contenidos y la estructura organizativa de las canciones escenificadas infantiles (corro, comba, filas, columpio..., que son composiciones que van necesariamente acompañadas de una acción que se representa o, cuando menos, de una serie de gestos muy concretos, deteniéndose expresamente en aquellas canciones infantiles en las que sobreviven romances, o partes de romances, de amplia difusión popular en otros tiempos. En el último apartado, el trabajo se refiere al proceso de desaparición que sufren estas composiciones, lo que provoca un aprendizaje diferente de las mismas (previo paso de la oralidad a la escritura por los niños y niñas de hoy.

  5. Infantile encephalitic beriberi: magnetic resonance imaging findings

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Wani, Nisar A. [Government Medical College Srinagar, Department of Pediatric Radiology, Jammu and Kashmir, Pin (India); Qureshi, Umar A.; Ahmad, Kaiser; Ahmad, Waseem [Government Medical College Srinagar, Department of Pediatrics, Jammu and Kashmir (India); Jehangir, Majid [Government Medical College Srinagar, Department of Radiology, Jammu and Kashmir (India)

    2016-01-15

    Thiamine deficiency in infants is still encountered in developing countries. It may present with acute neurological manifestations of infantile encephalitic beriberi. To review brain MRI findings in infantile encephalitic beriberi from a single institution. A retrospective review of MRI scans in 22 infants with acute-onset beriberi encephalopathy was carried out. Hyperintense lesions on T2-weighted images were seen symmetrically in the putamen in all patients, in the caudate nuclei in 16/22 (73%), the thalami in 7/22 (32%) and the globi pallidi in 3/22 (14%) of the infants. Altered signal intensity lesions in the cerebral cortex were seen in 7/22 (32%). The mammillary bodies were seen in one infant and the periaqueductal gray matter in two. There was restricted diffusion in 14/22 (64%), and 6/8 children with no evidence of restriction had been imaged ≥10 days after presentation. MR spectroscopy showed increased lactate peak in 6/8 infants (75%). Recognition of symmetrical T2-W hyperintense lesions in the basal ganglia with restricted diffusion and prominent lactate peak may allow early diagnosis of encephalitic beriberi in at-risk infants. (orig.)

  6. Cranial computed tomography in infantile spasms

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Howitz, P.; Neergaard, K.; Pedersen, H.

    1990-01-01

    Out of 109 children with infantile spasms (IS), prospectively tested during the years 1976 to 1979 in Denmark, 52 children were examined by cranial computed tomography (CT). The classification of IS into cryptogenic (CR), symptomatic (SY) and doubtful (DO) was done clinically without considering the CT-finding. Sixty per cent of the scannings were abnormal. Only 6/30 (20%) of the children in ACTH treatment were found to develop cerebral atrophy which means that this finding is not an obligatory side-effect of ACTH treatment of children with IS. Normal CT-findings were found in 50% of the CR and 50% of the SY + DO-groups, and could not be used as a prognostic tool for estimating the mental development. This was also the case for children with cerebral atrophy. Abnormal CT-findings (minus atrophy) were highly correlated to the group with clinical symptoms and indicate an extremely unsatisfying long-term mental prognosis. CT-scanning is a valuable tool for the examination of clearing children with infantile spasms. (authors)

  7. AB073. Classic infantile-onset Pompe disease: phenotypes and outcomes of 5 Vietnamese patients receiving enzyme replacement therapy

    Science.gov (United States)

    Nguyen, Khanh Ngoc; Do, Mai Thi Thanh; Can, Ngoc Thi Bich; Hwu, Wuh-Liang; Vu, Dung Chi

    2017-01-01

    Background Pompe disease (PD) or glycogen storage disease type II is a lysosomal storage disorder, caused by mutations of GAA gene which results in deficiency of acid alpha-glucosidase (GAA) enzyme that involves in metabolism of glycogen in the lysosomes. Its incidence is 1/14,000–1/100,000. PD is divided into three types: classic infantile onset, non-classic infantile onset, and late onset. Early enzyme replacement therapy (ERT) before developing respiratory distress may lead to good outcome. Since 2013, we have identified 16 cases with classic infantile-onset and 5 cases were treated with ERT. Herein, we describe phenotypes and outcomes of five infantile-onset PD patients who received ERT. Methods GAA enzyme assay was done at National Taiwan University Hospital. Results Ages of diagnosis were 12, 38 and 70 days, 5 and 9 months of age. Clinical presentations included macroglossia (5/5), hypertrophic cardiomyopathy (5/5), failure to thrive (5/5), facial weakness and hypotonia (3 patients diagnosed after 70 days of age), respiratory failure (1 patient diagnosed at 9 months of age). All patients had mildly elevated plasma CK (270–380 UI/L) and transaminase (60–260 UI/l). Ages at starting ERT were 28 and 58 days, 3, 6 and 10 months. The time intervals from diagnosis to starting ERT were between 14 days and 1 month. The durations of ERT were 4–22 months. The outcomes were good. All patients had improvement of cardiac functions shown on echocardiography, respiratory status, and motor development. The patient who first received ERT at 10 months of age was reportedly dead at home due to food obstruction at 18 months of age. Current ages of the survivors were 5–24 months. Conclusions Patients with classic infantile-onset PD will have good outcomes if ERT is started early. Newborn screening for this disease is necessary to yield an early diagnosis.

  8. The changing face of complicated infantile hemangioma treatment

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Menapace, Deanna [Creighton University School of Medicine, Phoenix Regional Campus, Phoenix, AZ (United States); Mayo School of Graduate Medical Education-MN, Department of Otorhinolaryngology, Rochester, MN (United States); Mitkov, Mario [Creighton University School of Medicine, Phoenix Regional Campus, Phoenix, AZ (United States); Towbin, Richard [Phoenix Children' s Hospital, Department of Radiology, Phoenix, AZ (United States); Hogeling, Marcia [University of California, Los Angeles, Division of Dermatology, Santa Monica, CA (United States)

    2016-10-15

    Infantile hemangiomas are the most common vascular tumors of infancy. A multidisciplinary approach including dermatologists, otolaryngologists, plastic surgeons, hematologists/oncologists and interventional/diagnostic radiologists is crucial for appropriate management of children with complicated infantile hemangiomas. Since its unforeseen discovery in 2008, propranolol has become the first-line treatment for infantile hemangiomas, eclipsing systemic corticosteroids and radiologic intervention. There are still, however, uncommon indications for more aggressive interventional management. We review the 2014-updated International Society for the Study of Vascular Anomalies (ISSVA) classification for vascular anomalies. Additionally, we suggest management algorithms for complicated lesions, including recommendations for radiologic and surgical intervention. (orig.)

  9. Maternal characteristics and toddler temperament in infantile anorexia.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Chatoor, I; Ganiban, J; Hirsch, R; Borman-Spurrell, E; Mrazek, D A

    2000-06-01

    To explore the association between specific maternal characteristics, maternal perceptions of toddler temperament, and infantile anorexia. Three groups of toddlers (aged 12-37 months) participated in this study: toddlers with infantile anorexia (n = 34), picky eaters (n = 34), and healthy eaters (n = 34). Mothers completed questionnaires that assessed their own eating attitudes, marital satisfaction, and their toddlers' temperament, and an interview that explored their attachment representations. Mothers and toddlers were videotaped during a feeding session, and toddlers were weighed and measured. Temperament ratings differentiated between infantile anorexics and healthy eaters (p anorexia.

  10. Roberto Deidier (Roma, 1965)

    OpenAIRE

    Nappi, Paolino; Deidier, Roberto

    2017-01-01

    No recuerdo cómo empezó, ni siquiera recuerdo si hubo un verdadero comienzo. Por mi carácter soy propenso a la sorpresa, por lo tanto no amo proyectos, estrategias, prospectivas, y soy ajeno a cualquier tipo de mercadeo. Hay un hermoso poema de Kavafis que habla de esto, de no disipar la vida en negocios y comercios: no me costó tomarlo en serio. Los grandes descubrimientos vinieron con las informaciones que encontré en los manuales de la carrera de Letras. En las aulas de la Universidad «La ...

  11. La reflexión visual en Roberto Bolaño. Narración, dictadura y vanguardias en Estrella distante

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Carlos Walker

    2016-07-01

    Full Text Available Este artículo construye sus argumentos a partir de una lectura de la novela Estrella distante del escritor chileno Roberto Bolaño. Se trata de desarrollos que se detienen en los componentes visuales del relato, en las divergencias temporales con que se estructura la narración y en los vínculos que estos tienden con la historia política evocada en la ficción (el personaje principal tiene como proyecto demostrarle al mundo la afinidad entre el arte de vanguardia y la dictadura de Pinochet recién instalada en el país. Las variadas presencias de lo fotográfico son comprendidas como el núcleo de una reflexión visual que recorre la literatura de Roberto Bolaño. Este artículo toma en consideración una polémica que enfrentó a dos intelectuales chilenos en torno a la relación entre las prácticas artísticas de vanguardia que tuvieron lugar en Chile en tiempos de la dictadura y el Golpe de Estado de 1973. Esto es leído en relación con el diálogo soterrado que la novela de Bolaño establece con dichas prácticas de vanguardia.

  12. Variables que intervienen en el abandono físico o negligencia infantil comparativamente con otros tipos de maltrato infantil

    OpenAIRE

    Moreno Manso, Juan Manuel

    2013-01-01

    Es un trabajo de investigación en materia de protección de menores, donde se realiza un análisis comparativo entre las distintas tipologías de maltrato infantil, y más concretamente entre el abandono físico o negligencia infantil y el resto de tipos de maltrato a la infancia. La tesis Doctoral se enmarca en los servicios sociales de protección a la Infancia de la ciudad de Badajoz y es el primer estudio científico sobre el maltrato infantil que se realiza en la Comunidad Autónoma de Extr...

  13. Prevención y promoción del desarrollo infantil: una experiencia en las Escuelas Infantiles

    OpenAIRE

    Ángela Díaz-Herrero; María Teresa Martínez-Fuentes

    2009-01-01

    Este trabajo presenta un programa de prevención y promoción del desarrollo infantil dirigido a 136 niños entre 1 y 3 años de edad escolarizados en escuela infantil entre los cursos académicos 2005-2006 y 2007-2008. Se efectuaron dos valoraciones anuales del desarrollo psicomotor mediante las Escalas Bayley de Desarrollo Infantil (Bayleyayley, 1993). Tras la primera evaluación se dieron recomendaciones tanto a la familia como a los educadores para fortalecer las competencias de los niños. Los ...

  14. En Alto Riesgo: La Crisis De La Salud Pública En El Instituto Materno Infantil De Bogotá.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    César ernesto abadía barrero.

    2006-12-01

    Full Text Available This article examinesthe impact of the economic crisis of the instituto materno infantil, colombia, on patients and workers. Families comment on the quality and warmth of health care provided; however, healthcare workers act as buffers protecting patients from the full impact of the crisis. in addition, delays in workers' payments have worsened their quality of life and forced them to look for additional income. We discuss connections between the economic crisis of public hospitals and structural adjustment and conclude that the "problem" of financial viability of the hospitals needs to be analyzed with a political economy framework.

  15. Infantile Refsum's disease: biochemical findings suggesting multiple peroxisomal dysfunction

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Poll-The, B. T.; Saudubray, J. M.; Ogier, H.; Schutgens, R. B.; Wanders, R. J.; Schrakamp, G.; van den Bosch, H.; Trijbels, J. M.; Poulos, A.; Moser, H. W.

    1986-01-01

    Infantile Refsum's disease was diagnosed in three male patients, presenting with facial dysmorphia, retinitis pigmentosa, neurosensory hearing loss, hepatomegaly, osteopenia and delayed growth and psychomotor development. An elevated plasma phytanic acid concentration and a deficient phytanic acid

  16. Role of ARX Gene in Infantile Spasms and Dystonia

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    J Gordon Millichap

    2007-08-01

    Full Text Available The role of ARX gene in a syndrome of infantile spasms with generalized dystonia was investigated in 6 boys from 4 families at the University of Florence, Italy, and other centers in Italy, Japan, and USA.

  17. Genetics Home Reference: early infantile epileptic encephalopathy 1

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... Early infantile epileptic encephalopathy 1 (EIEE1) is a seizure disorder characterized by a type of seizure known as ... 2 links) Health Topic: Developmental Disabilities Health Topic: Epilepsy Genetic and Rare Diseases Information Center (1 link) ...

  18. Infantile Onset Myasthenia Gravis with MuSK Antibodies

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    J Gordon Millichap

    2006-08-01

    Full Text Available A late infantile case of myasthenia gravis (MG with anti-muscle-specific receptor tyrosine kinase (MuSK high antibody (Ab titer is reported from Kyushu University, Fukuoka; and Nagasaki University, Japan.

  19. Infantile acne treated with oral isotretinoin

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Miller, Iben Marie; Echeverría, Begoña; Torrelo, Antonio

    2013-01-01

    In contrast to adolescent acne, infantile acne (IA) is a rare condition with only a limited body of available literature. In this descriptive, retrospective study, we reviewed six cases from 2002 to 2010 treated with oral isotretinoin. The average age of onset was 6.16 months (range 0-21 mos......). Consistent with the previous, limited literature, we found predominantly boys are affected, a predilection for the cheeks, and a polymorphic inflammatory morphology. Two patients had a family history of acne. All cases were successfully and safely treated with oral isotretinoin. The suggested treatment...... of childhood acne is similar to that of adolescents (graded according to the severity of the skin disease and risk of scarring). Oral isotretinoin appears to be an effective and safe treatment for severe IA....

  20. CT images of infantile viral encephalitis

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Sugimoto, Tateo; Okazaki, Hitoshi; Woo, Man

    1985-01-01

    Cranial CT scanning was undertaken in 40 patients with infantile viral encephalitis seen from 1977 to 1983. According to the pathogenic viruses, abnormal CT findings were detected most frequently in cases of herpes simplex encephalitis (HSE), followed by non-eruptive viral encephalitis, measles encephalitis, and rubella encephalitis in that order, which coincided well with neurological prognosis. Although CT findings lay within a normal range in cases of measles encephalitis, except a case in which cerebral ventricle was slightly dilated, the degree of consciousness disturbance was unfavorable and it persisted long. This revealed that there is no distinct correlation between the degree of consciousness disturbance and CT findings. Normal CT findings were detected in 13% of patients aged less than 5 years and 76.5% of patients aged 5 years or more. In many patients who had an attack of viral encephalitis at the age of 5 years or more, epileptic seizures occurred frequently, even though CT findings were normal. (Namekawa, K.)

  1. Tecnologia simplificada na enfermagem materno infantil

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Selma Campestrini

    1991-09-01

    Full Text Available A autora apresenta três modelos de tecnologia simplificada da enfermagem materno infantil: o equipamento didático SEIO COBAIA para treinar exercícios e massagens da mama e mamilo; a peça indumentária SUPRETRAUMA - sutiã preventivo de traumatismo mamilar - usado por gestantes; e, a técnica para reverter mamilo umbilicado durante o puerperio imediato. Além de corroborar na promoção do aleitamento materno e na prevenção de desmame precoce, demonstra a possibilidade da enfermagem relacionar o saber teórico-científico com o saber tecnico-prático, na saúde da mulher e da criança, com tecnologia adequada às necessidades, à compreensão e ao bem estar da população.

  2. O brincar criativo e a obesidade infantil

    OpenAIRE

    Mishima,Fernanda Kimie Tavares; Barbieri,Valéria

    2009-01-01

    A obesidade infantil é uma das doenças mais preocupantes atualmente, o estudo de seus fatores psicológicos é escasso, podendo se vincular a características específicas do brincar. Este trabalho objetiva investigar se há algum prejuízo causado pela dificuldade de expressão da criatividade no brincar de crianças obesas e, em caso positivo, qual a sua natureza. Foram realizados cinco estudos de caso com meninos obesos entre 7 e 10 anos, de nível sócio-econômico médio e famílias intactas, com apl...

  3. Infantile fibrosarcoma: radiological and clinical features

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Vinnicombe, S.J.; Hall, C.M.

    1994-01-01

    Two cases of infantile fibrosarcoma are described. This rare childhood malignancy of mesodermal origin usually affects the lower limbs, as it did in both of our cases. Previously, the only treatment option available involved some form of radical and often mutilating surgery. More recently, combination chemotherapy has given good results, with the effect that various imaging modalities have become important in assessing both the initial extent of disease and the response to treatment. Computed tomography has the advantage of demonstrating the amount of osseous involvement, but at the expense of a considerable dose of ionizing radiation. On the other hand, magnetic resonance imaging, with its multiplanar capacity, gives superior demonstration of breaching of tissue planes, which has important implications for planning of surgery. However, as in other soft tissue tumours, changes in signal characteristics with treatment have proved less specific than was originally anticipated. (orig.)

  4. Maltrato infantil en escuela ecuatoriana de Ambato

    OpenAIRE

    Romero Viamonte, Katherine; Villacís Salazar, Marina Isabel; Jara Vázquez, Ernesto

    2016-01-01

    Introducción: El maltrato infantil se define como el abuso y la desatención de que son objeto los menores de 18 años; incluye el maltrato físico o psicológico, abuso sexual, desatención, negligencia y explotación comercial o de otro tipo que puedan causar un daño a la salud, al desarrollo o la dignidad del niño, y poner en peligro su supervivencia, en el contexto de una relación de responsabilidad, confianza o poder. Método: Se realizó un estudio prospectivo, con enfoque cuali-cuantitativo, m...

  5. Infantile Perineal Protrusion in Two Monochorionic Twins

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Paola Cavicchioli

    2014-11-01

    Full Text Available Case Report - Two female monochorionic-monoamniotic twins showed the same kind of infantile perineal protrusion (IPP at birth. Lesions in both twins progressively healed until resolution in 6 weeks' time; none of the twins have manifested, till date, alvus disturbances. Discussion and Literature Review - A literature review numbers approximately 100 reports of IPP. This condition has been classically classified into three categories: congenital/familiar (i.e., female sex, positive parental history of IPP, acquired (mainly due to constipation, and associated with lichen sclerosus et atrophicus. Conclusions and Final Remarks - This case report describes, for the first time, the presence of IPP in monochorionic-monoamniotic twins, supporting the existence of hereditary/genetic factors in the developing of this condition.

  6. Solitary infantile choriocarcinoma of the liver: MRI findings

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Hoef, Marianne van der; Willi, Ulrich V.; Huisman, Thierry A.G.M. [University Children' s Hospital Zurich, Department of Diagnostic Imaging, Zurich (Switzerland); Niggli, Felix K. [University Children' s Hospital Zurich, Department of Paediatrics, Zurich (Switzerland)

    2004-10-01

    Infantile hepatic choriocarcinoma is a rare, highly malignant germ-cell tumour believed to result from a choriocarcinoma of the placenta that spreads to the child. Most infants present with a characteristic clinical picture of anaemia, hepatomegaly and precocious puberty. Imaging findings, including conventional MRI, may be non-specific. To improve the accuracy of diagnosis, we present the imaging findings of contrast-enhanced dynamic MRI in a 4.5-month-old boy with infantile hepatic choriocarcinoma. (orig.)

  7. Computer assisted analysis of hand radiographs in infantile hypophosphatasia carriers

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Chodirker, B.N.; Greenberg, C.R.; Manitoba Univ., Winnipeg, MB; Roy, D.; Cheang, M.; Evans, J.A.; Manitoba Univ., Winnipeg, MB; Manitoba Univ., Winnipeg, MB; Reed, M.H.; Manitoba Univ., Winnipeg, MB

    1991-01-01

    Hand radiographs of 49 carriers of infantile hypophosphatasia and 67 non-carriers were evaluated using two Apple IIe Computer Programs and Apple Graphics Tablet. CAMPS was used to determine the bone lengths and calculate the metacarpophalangeal profiles. A newly developed program (ADAM) was used to determine bone density based on percent cortical area of the second metacarpal. Carriers of infantile hypophosphatasia had significantly less dense bones. (orig.)

  8. Pornografia infantil na Internet: violência sexual ou pornografia?

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Tatiana Savoia Landini

    2000-01-01

    Full Text Available O artigo versa sobre a proliferação da pornografia infantil na internet. Argumento que uma possível explicação para o aumento dessa troca seja o não entendimento, por parte dos internautas, de que a pornografia infantil é uma forma de violência sexual contra a criança. Essa visão é engendrada pela especificidades da troca desse tipo de material na rede.

  9. Pornografia infantil na Internet: violência sexual ou pornografia?

    OpenAIRE

    Tatiana Savoia Landini

    2000-01-01

    O artigo versa sobre a proliferação da pornografia infantil na internet. Argumento que uma possível explicação para o aumento dessa troca seja o não entendimento, por parte dos internautas, de que a pornografia infantil é uma forma de violência sexual contra a criança. Essa visão é engendrada pela especificidades da troca desse tipo de material na rede.

  10. El maltrato infantil: un problema mundial

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    SANTANA-TAVIRA ROSALINDA

    1998-01-01

    Full Text Available Al abordar el maltrato infantil se presentan diversos problemas: desconocimiento de la verdadera proporción de dicha problemática; raíces culturales e históricas profundas; diversidad de opiniones en cuanto a su definición y clasificación; dificultades en la investigación y, finalmente, una diversidad de consideraciones sobre sus repercusiones y su manejo terapéutico. En el presente artículo se estudia el maltrato infantil desde sus antecedentes históricos, así como sus clasificaciones, sus definiciones y su epidemiología. Asimismo, se revisan las repercusiones y se plantean las alternativas de tratamiento que en la bibliografía existente se han manejado como fundamentales para enfrentar este fenómeno cada vez más alarmante. Queda subrayada la necesidad de unificar criterios en cuanto a la definición y clasificación de información científica en torno a datos demográficos que, finalmente, hablarán de la realidad del problema, de los avances relacionados con sus causas, su diagnóstico, sus medidas preventivas y su tratamiento. Es fundamental utilizar medidas tendientes a prevenir el maltrato, pues una gran parte de los problemas en el niño se ven reflejados en la vida adulta. Se comparan las distintas clasificaciones en torno al tema, así como las características tanto del agredido como del agresor en los distintos tipos de maltrato.

  11. La red sobre trabajo infantil peligroso (Red Tip

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Walter Varillas

    2003-01-01

    Full Text Available En el mundo, aproximadamente 351.7 millones de niños entre 5 y 17 años realizaban algún tipo de actividad económica, de ellos 170.5 millones (48.5% realizaban algún tipo de trabajo considerado peligroso. Un alto porcentaje se encuentra en la agricultura, otros en minas, manufacturas, ladrilleras, predominantemente en la economía informal. El Convenio 138 (cobre la edad mínima de admisión en el empleo de la OIT y el Convenio 182 (sobre las peores formas de trabajo infantil, definen como trabajo infantil peligroso el que puede afectar la salud, seguridad y moralidad de los menores. Estudios específicos sobre los menores muestran su susceptibilidad particular frente a los riesgos laborales, aumentando la peligrosidad para su normal desarrollo y crecimiento: "los niños no son adultos pequeños". Los profesionales de la seguridad y salud en el trabajo pueden colaborar con los profesionales y las organizaciones especializadas en el trabajo infantil, en la definición y caracterización de lo que significa el trabajo infantil peligroso. Para ello se ha conformado la Red sobre Trabajo Infantil Peligroso (Red TIP, con la finalidad de articular estos dos espacios, orientados a eliminar el trabajo infantil peligroso y rescatar al menor y devolverle la oportunidad de sonreír ahora y en el futuro.

  12. Risk factors for accidents in children that consulted to the emergency unit of San Vicente de Púl Children's Hospital of Medellín, Colombia. December 1, 1998 - March 6, 1999 Factores de riesgo de accidentes en niños que consultaron al Policlínico Infantil de Medellín Diciembre 1 de 1998-marzo 6 de 1999

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Julio César Correa Escobar

    2001-02-01

    Full Text Available A prospective descriptive study was made to identify the factors of risk for accidents in children smaller than 12 years that consulted for this cause to the Emergency Unit of San Vicente de Paul Children´s Hospital of Medellin, from December 1 of 1998 until March 6 of 1999. These factors were compared during a period of school vacations and one of academic activity of same duration. We included 1.185 patients. The distribution for sex was: 771 children (65% and 414 girls (35%; 912 patients (76,9% came from Medellin and their metropolitan area. The place of the accident was like it continues: in the street 582 children (49%; in the home 496 children (41,9%, in the school 32 children (2,7% and in other places 75 children (6,3%. 199 children (16,8% were alone in the moment of the accident, 512 (43,2% were with other children and 474 (40% were with adults. The main accident type was the mechanic in 1.077 cases (90,9%; 740 children (62,5% suffered falls. Trauma was light in 1.128 children (95,2%. Lethally was of 0,7% (8 children, especially for craneoencephalic trauma due to traffic accidents and hurt by firearm. The trauma was more serious in those smaller than 2 years. There was difference statistically significant in the frequency of traumas between the period of vacations and the academic, with more accidents during the vacations. It is recommended to begin programs of prevention of accidents especially in the home, directed to the parents and the minor caretakers, with emphasis in the stages of the children’s development and the risks for the different types of accidents. Se hizo un estudio descriptivo prospectivo para identificar los factores de riesgo para accidentes en los niños menores de 12 años que consultaron por esta causa al Policlínico Infantil de Medellín, desde diciembre 1 de 1998 hasta marzo 6 de 1999. Se compararon dichos factores durante un período de vacaciones escolares y uno de actividad académica de igual duraci

  13. Patient safety in care circumstances: prevention of adverse events in the hospitalization of children La seguridad del paciente en las circunstancias de cuidado: prevención de eventos adversos en la hospitalización infantil A segurança do paciente nas circunstâncias de cuidado: prevenção de eventos adversos na hospitalização infantil

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Wiliam Wegner

    2012-06-01

    Full Text Available This case study with a qualitative approach presents an analysis of the perceptions of family caregivers/companions and health workers concerning adverse events in care contexts. A total of 15 companions and 23 health workers from pediatric hospitalization units of a university hospital in Porto Alegre, Brazil participated in this study from August to December 2010. Data were collected through semi-structured interviews and analyzed through thematic content analysis using QSR's Nvivo version 7.0. Seven thematic categories emerged from the analysis. The results highlight reviewing and checking workers' interventions and implementing effective communication among workers, caregivers and children. The main recommendations concern changing the organizational culture of health facilities, emphasizing safe care and a systemic view of the evaluation of adverse events.Se trata de una investigación estudio de caso cualitativo, cuyo objetivo fue analizar cómo las acompañantes/cuidadoras y profesionales de salud reconocen los eventos adversos en las circunstancias de cuidado. Fue realizada con 15 acompañantes/cuidadores y 23 profesionales de salud de las unidades de internación de pediatría de un hospital-escuela de Porto Alegre, Brasil entre agosto y diciembre de 2010. Entrevista semi-estructurada fue utilizada para la recolección de las informaciones, siendo sometidas a análisis temático con apoyo del software QSR Nvivo 7.0. El análisis de las informaciones dejó en evidencia siete categorías. Los resultados sugieren la revisión y control permanente en cualquier intervención del profesional y el proceso de comunicación efectivo profesional-acompañante-niño. El estudio trae como recomendaciones los cambios en la cultura organizacional de las instituciones de salud para una cultura de seguridad, con énfasis en el cuidado seguro y visión sintética en la evaluación de la ocurrencia de eventos adversos.Trata-se de pesquisa de abordagem

  14. Soñar con el futuro. Proyectos inmigratorios para la Patagonia argentina en Teodoro Alemann y Roberto J. Payró

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jennifer M. Valko

    2014-06-01

    Taking into account recent studies on journalistic travel and Argentine nation building, this article examines the profile of a type of reporter that has been studied to a lesser degree, the immigrant journalist. It analyzes two travel chronicles about Patagonia published in Buenos Aires in 1898: Ein Ausflug nach dem Chubut-Territorium [An Excursion to the Chubut Territory] by Swiss journalist Theodor Alemann, published in the German-language newspaper Argentinisches Tageblatt [Argentine Daily], and La australia argentina, by Roberto J. Payró which appeared in La Nación. In both chronicles the narration of the trip to Patagonia is interrupted at a key moment by the telling of a dream regarding the future of the region. This essay demonstrates that these oneiric digressions reveal political and economic interests contrary to the official Argentine plans for the development of the region, the role of immigrants and their relationship with European powers.

  15. Escritores argentinos en la prensa. Roberto Arlt y Enrique González Tuñón "al margen" de la noticia (1937-1942

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Laura Susana Juárez

    2008-11-01

    Full Text Available The article is focused on some journalistic chronicles by Roberto Arlt and Enrique González Tuñón, issued by the late 1930s and the beginning of the 1940s, in a massive newspaper like El Mundo. These chronicles deal with the same subject matter (the World War II, current events and curiosities and are written by using similar procedures like "Glosa" of the news, and fictional expansión of the international newswires. Therefore, our intent is to reflect about this cross between fiction and chronicle in a time in which both writers had gain a highly respected position within the literature as well as the journalism

  16. Uma ditadura contra a república: política econômica e poder político em Roberto Campos

    OpenAIRE

    Ricardo V. Silva

    2006-01-01

    O artigo examina o pensamento político de Roberto Campos entre meados das décadas de 1950 e 1970. Neste período, além de importantes funções governamentais, Campos dedicou-se intensamente à luta de idéias, publicando grande quantidade de artigos e ensaios. Será desenvolvida a hipótese de que o seu pensamento político aponta para a institucionalização de um sistema político de tipo autoritário como o mais adequado às condições culturais e políticas da sociedade brasileira. A principal caracter...

  17. El palimpsesto infrarrealista: Tras las huellas del manifiesto poético en la narrativa de Roberto Bolaño

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    José González

    2014-12-01

    Full Text Available En este artículo se pretende rastrear la estética y actitud del movimiento infrarrealista en las novelas de Roberto Bolaño, mostrando su particular traducción a la narrativa en clave de humor. Se le prestará especial atención a las técnicas para posicionarse en contra de la cultura institucionalizada, formando lo que Bajtín denomina una descentralización del lenguaje a favor de un plurilingüismo, donde se distinguen mundos ideológicos en las voces del discurso. Unas de estas voces representan en ocasiones instituciones de la cultura oficial y otras se posicionan en contra, haciendo para ello uso de, por ejemplo, la parodia, la ironía o la caricatura.

  18. MRI Verification of a Case of Huge Infantile Rhabdomyoma.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ramadani, Naser; Kreshnike, Kreshnike Dedushi; Muçaj, Sefedin; Kabashi, Serbeze; Hoxhaj, Astrit; Jerliu, Naim; Bejiçi, Ramush

    2016-04-01

    Cardiac rhabdomyoma is type of benign myocardial tumor that is the most common fetal cardiac tumor. Cardiac rhabdomyomas are usually detected before birth or during the first year of life. They account for over 60% of all primary cardiac tumors. A 6 month old child with coughing and obstruction in breathing, was hospitalized in the Pediatric Clinic in UCCK, Pristine. The difficulty of breathing was heard and the pathological noise of the heart was noticed from the pediatrician. In the echo of the heart at the posterior and apico-lateral part of the left ventricle a tumoral mass was presented with the dimensions of 56 × 54 mm that forwarded the contractions of the left ventricle, the mass involved also the left ventricle wall and was not vascularized. The right ventricle was deformed and with the shifting of the SIV on the right the contractility was preserved. Aorta, the left arch and AP were normal with laminar circulation. The pericard was presented free. Radiography of thoracic organs was made; it resulted on cardiomegaly and significant bronchovascular drawing. It was completed with an MRI and it resulted on: Cardiomegaly due to large tumoral mass lesion (60×34 mm) involving lateral wall of left ventricle. It was isointense to the muscle on T1W images, markedly hyperintense on T2W images. There were a few septa or bant like hypointensities within lesion. On postcontrast study it showed avid enhancement. The left ventricle volume was decreased. Mild pericardial effusion was also noted. Surgical intervention was performed and it resulted on the histopathological aspect as a huge infantile rhadbomyoma. In most cases no treatment is required and these lesions regress spontaneously. Patients with left ventricular outflow tract obstruction or refractory arrhythmias respond well to surgical excision. Rhabdomyomas are frequently diagnosed by means of fetal echocardiography during the prenatal period.

  19. MRI Verification of a Case of Huge Infantile Rhabdomyoma

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ramadani, Naser; Kreshnike, Kreshnike Dedushi; Muçaj, Sefedin; Kabashi, Serbeze; Hoxhaj, Astrit; Jerliu, Naim; Bejiçi, Ramush

    2016-01-01

    Introduction: Cardiac rhabdomyoma is type of benign myocardial tumor that is the most common fetal cardiac tumor. Cardiac rhabdomyomas are usually detected before birth or during the first year of life. They account for over 60% of all primary cardiac tumors. Case report: A 6 month old child with coughing and obstruction in breathing, was hospitalized in the Pediatric Clinic in UCCK, Pristine. The difficulty of breathing was heard and the pathological noise of the heart was noticed from the pediatrician. In the echo of the heart at the posterior and apico-lateral part of the left ventricle a tumoral mass was presented with the dimensions of 56 × 54 mm that forwarded the contractions of the left ventricle, the mass involved also the left ventricle wall and was not vascularized. The right ventricle was deformed and with the shifting of the SIV on the right the contractility was preserved. Aorta, the left arch and AP were normal with laminar circulation. The pericard was presented free. Radiography of thoracic organs was made; it resulted on cardiomegaly and significant bronchovascular drawing. It was completed with an MRI and it resulted on: Cardiomegaly due to large tumoral mass lesion (60×34 mm) involving lateral wall of left ventricle. It was isointense to the muscle on T1W images, markedly hyperintense on T2W images. There were a few septa or bant like hypointensities within lesion. On postcontrast study it showed avid enhancement. The left ventricle volume was decreased. Mild pericardial effusion was also noted. Surgical intervention was performed and it resulted on the histopathological aspect as a huge infantile rhadbomyoma. Conclusion: In most cases no treatment is required and these lesions regress spontaneously. Patients with left ventricular outflow tract obstruction or refractory arrhythmias respond well to surgical excision. Rhabdomyomas are frequently diagnosed by means of fetal echocardiography during the prenatal period. PMID:27147810

  20. La literatura infantil como medio de prevención del abuso sexual infantil

    OpenAIRE

    San Emeterio Herrería, Paula

    2016-01-01

    RESUMEN: El maltrato infantil y, especialmente, el abuso sexual a menores, es un fenómeno que siempre ha estado presente y, quizás, hoy en día se detecta en mayor medida, aunque no lo suficiente. La trascendencia de tratar este tema y formular métodos de prevención no solo recae en el número de niños y adolescentes que pueden verse afectados, si no, también, en la dificultad de su detección, así como, en la gravedad de sus consecuencias. Existen abundantes recursos y programas para prevenir e...

  1. Psychiatric disorders in the parents of individuals with infantile autism: a case-control study

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Mouridsen, Svend Erik; Rich, Bente; Isager, Torben

    2007-01-01

    The rates and types of psychiatric disorders were studied in the parents of individuals with infantile autism (IA).......The rates and types of psychiatric disorders were studied in the parents of individuals with infantile autism (IA)....

  2. TFG-MET fusion in an infantile spindle cell sarcoma with neural features

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Flucke, U.E.; Noesel, M.M. van; Wijnen, M.; Zhang, L.; Chen, C.L.; Sung, Y.S.; Antonescu, C.R.

    2017-01-01

    An increasing number of congenital and infantile sarcomas displaying a primitive, monomorphic spindle cell phenotype have been characterized to harbor recurrent gene fusions, including infantile fibrosarcoma and congenital spindle cell rhabdomyosarcoma. Here, we report an unusual spindle cell

  3. Ontologías de lo común en el pensamiento de Giorgio Agamben y Roberto Esposito: entre ética y política

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Saidel, Matías

    2013-12-01

    Full Text Available This paper elaborates on Giorgio Agamben’s and Roberto Esposito’s thought on the Community. Both authors interrogate the Common from an impolitical perspective that tries to deconstruct the presuppositions of traditional metaphysics and political philosophy in order to create an affirmative conceptuality in ontological terms. In these authors predominates the recourse to the figure of the community, later considered in the horizon of biopolitics, since life becomes the center of both the power dispositives and today’s forms of political subjectification. The paper asks if these ontological approaches succeed in thinking the common politically or only in ethical terms.El presente trabajo reflexiona sobre el pensamiento de la comunidad en Giorgio Agamben y Roberto Esposito. Ambos interrogan lo común desde una perspectiva impolítica que intenta deconstruir los presupuestos de la metafísica y de la filosofía política tradicionales para poder elaborar una conceptualidad afirmativa en clave ontológica. En estos autores predomina el recurso a la figura de la comunidad, situada luego en el horizonte de la biopolítica, ya que la vida deviene el centro hacia el cual apuntarían los dispositivos de poder y las formas de subjetivación política actuales. El trabajo plantea como interrogante si estos abordajes ontológicos logran dar cuenta plenamente de lo común en términos políticos o sólo éticos.

  4. Infantile colic, regurgitation, and constipation: an early traumatic insult in the development of functional gastrointestinal disorders in children?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Indrio, Flavia; Di Mauro, Antonio; Riezzo, Giuseppe; Cavallo, Luciano; Francavilla, Ruggiero

    2015-06-01

    Functional gastrointestinal disorders (FGIDs) are defined as a variable combination of chronic or recurrent gastrointestinal symptoms not explained by structural or biochemical abnormalities. Infantile colic, gastroesophageal reflux, and constipation are the most common FGIDs that lead to referral to a pediatrician during the first 6 months of life and are often responsible for hospitalization, feeding changes, use of drugs, parental anxiety, and loss of parental working days with relevant social consequences. We performed a retrospective study on patients referred for recurrent abdominal pain from January 2002 trough December 2009 to our Pediatric Gastroenterology Outpatient Unit. The population studied was matched with healthy control without history of recurrent abdominal pain, enrolled among pediatricians practicing primary health care. History of infantile colic, regurgitation, and functional constipation was detected respectively in 26.41, 25.31, and 30.16% of children diagnosed with FGIDs compared to 11.34, 12.85, and 11.76% of healthy children. According to our data, children with a history of gastrointestinal infantile distress have a higher prevalence of FGIDs years later.

  5. Salud infantil, expresión corporal, enfoque globalizador en educación infantil : programa preventivo de la obesidad infantil

    OpenAIRE

    Torres Soltero, Fátima

    2012-01-01

    La obesidad infantil, es mucho más que un problema simplemente estético, pues su presencia, como hemos podido observar, conlleva una serie de riesgos para los niños/as, en este caso, afectados. Y lo más importante es que estos niños/as cuando sean adultos sepan prevenirla

  6. CEREN: un centro enfocado en la calidad de vida de la población infantil

    OpenAIRE

    Centeno, Analía

    2016-01-01

    El Centro de Estudios en Nutrición y Desarrollo Infantil (CEREN) aborda e interviene en problemáticas de alimentación, nutrición, cuidados, crecimiento y desarrollo infantil. Fue creado con un claro enfoque social, integral y multidisciplinario con el fin de mejorar la calidad de vida de la población infantil de la Provincia.

  7. Creatividad y Educación Artística en la etapa de infantil

    OpenAIRE

    Hernando Martín, Carmen

    2013-01-01

    En el TFG propuesto se desarrolla la creatividad y la educación artística en la etapa de infantil. Para ello, haré hincapié en el dibujo infantil y la representación de la figura humana. Grado en Educación Infantil

  8. Distrofia neuroaxonal infantil: relato de dois casos

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    SCOLA ROSANA HERMINIA

    1999-01-01

    Full Text Available Descrevemos dois casos de distrofia neuroaxonal infantil ou doença de Seitelberger, que é doença rara, neurodegenerativa, com herança autossômica recessiva. O primeiro caso, sexo masculino, com 8 anos de idade, apresentava atraso do desenvolvimento psicomotor, ataxia e fraqueza muscular. Ao exame físico foi encontrado nistagmo horizontal e vertical com palidez do disco óptico, hipotonia e arreflexia profunda. O segundo caso, sexo masculino, com 1 ano e 6 meses de idade, apresentava atraso do desenvolvimento psicomotor e convulsões. No exame físico, apresentava atrofia de nervo óptico, hipertonia e hiperreflexia. A biópsia de nervo sural de ambos os pacientes mostrou aumento dos axônios, compatível com distrofia neuroaxonal. As características clínicas pleomórficas, bem como os achados neurofisiológicos variáveis tornam difícil firmar o diagnóstico, o qual é ajudado pela confirmação anatomopatológica dos esferóides neuroaxonais.

  9. Aleitamento e parasitismo intestinal materno-infantil

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Costa-Macedo Lêda Maria

    2000-01-01

    Full Text Available Entre março e maio de 1991, a prevalência das enteroparasitoses e o aleitamento materno foram determinados simultaneamente em 208 crianças menores de dois anos de idade e suas mães, atendidas em Instituição Pública de Saúde no Rio de Janeiro. Através da técnica de sedimentação, detectou-se positividade geral de 12,7% para as crianças, e 37,3% para as mães. Ascaris lumbricoides foi o parasito mais prevalente nas mulheres (12,7% e nos lactentes (4,3%. A distribuição dos parasitos entre os grupos de aleitamento não variou para as mulheres, mas foi estatisticamente significativa em relação às crianças (p < 0,05. Nenhuma criança em aleitamento exclusivo apresentou parasitose. Verificou-se correlação positiva entre parasitismo e desmame. Cerca de 60% das crianças parasitadas eram filhas de mães também parasitadas, sendo detectado um risco 1,7 vezes maior destas crianças virem a apresentar algum parasito intestinal. Acreditamos que a mãe parasitada possa influenciar na freqüência do parasitismo infantil.

  10. Estrategias para reducir la mortalidad infantil, Cuba 1959-1999

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Raúl L. Riverón Corteguera

    2000-09-01

    Full Text Available Se describen las estrategias utilizadas por el Ministerio de Salud Pública en las diferentes etapas del Programa de Atención Maternoinfantil, para reducir la mortalidad infantil en Cuba de 1959 a 1999. Este período se dividió para su comprensión en 4 decenios. Se hace referencia a las diferentes medidas utilizadas, desde la creación del Sistema Nacional de Salud, la formación de recursos humanos; el desarrollo de la Educación Médica, la edificación de Facultades de Ciencias Médicas y la capacitación del posgraduado, el incremento de hospitales y el aumento de las camas hasta los programas de inmunización, de lucha contra la gastroenteritis y para disminuir el bajo peso al nacer, el uso racional de los antimicrobianos; la presencia de la madre acompañante; la implantación del uso de las sales de rehidratación oral (SRO para prevenir y tratar la deshidratación por enfermedades diarreicas; el desarrollo de la Atención Primaria de Salud; los programas de tecnología avanzada para la detección de anomalías congénitas; la promoción de la lactancia materna exclusiva (LME; la categorización, por UNICEF, de los hospitales "Amigos de la Madres y el Niño", el desarrollo de investigaciones que sirvieron de base al Programa de Atención Maternoinfantil; la edificación de hospitales; la construcción de las unidades de terapia intensiva con equipamiento moderno tanto en pediatría como en neonatología y otros muchos elementos puestos en prácticas durante estos 40 años. Esto ha contribuido a que la mortalidad infantil, a pesar de haberse incrementado en el primer decenio (1959-1969 en el 25,5 %, a partir del 2do. decenio (1970-1979 iniciara un descenso mantenido en el 50 %; en el 3er. decenio (1980-1989 del 43,4 % y en el 4to. decenio (1990-1999 del 40,2 %. Se concluye exponiendo las principales estrategias que contribuyeron a reducir la mortalidad infantil en los últimos años de este siglo.The strategies used by the Ministry of

  11. Neural mechanisms of oculomotor abnormalities in the infantile strabismus syndrome.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Walton, Mark M G; Pallus, Adam; Fleuriet, Jérome; Mustari, Michael J; Tarczy-Hornoch, Kristina

    2017-07-01

    Infantile strabismus is characterized by numerous visual and oculomotor abnormalities. Recently nonhuman primate models of infantile strabismus have been established, with characteristics that closely match those observed in human patients. This has made it possible to study the neural basis for visual and oculomotor symptoms in infantile strabismus. In this review, we consider the available evidence for neural abnormalities in structures related to oculomotor pathways ranging from visual cortex to oculomotor nuclei. These studies provide compelling evidence that a disturbance of binocular vision during a sensitive period early in life, whatever the cause, results in a cascade of abnormalities through numerous brain areas involved in visual functions and eye movements. Copyright © 2017 the American Physiological Society.

  12. LA MUERTE EN LA LÍRICA INFANTIL COLONIAL MEXICANA

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Elsa Malvido

    2008-06-01

    Full Text Available En este trabajo presentaremos la importancia que la lírica infantil tuvo en la implantación de la cultura occidental en la Nueva España, rastrearemos sus orígenes, intenciones y permanencia en México, destacando uno de sus elementos más constantes: la muerte, así como el papel que desempeñó en las mentes infantiles que la cantaron y representaron. Podrán preguntarse ¿por qué la muerte? y responderemos que después de la conquista castellana de estastierras, la muerte fue constante, masiva, cotidiana y permanente, todo lo cual se reflejó en las coplas populares; por ejemplo, en el material que hemos consultado compuesto de 193 canciones infantiles, en más de la mitad de ellas se hace referencia, se le menciona, nombra o es el título delas mismas

  13. Sistema predictiu per a evolució de pacients. Aplicació al cas d'asma infantil

    OpenAIRE

    Rubia Galera, Ivan de La

    2015-01-01

    [CATALÀ] S'ha dissenyat una aplicació que permet treballar amb dades de pacients i episodis, preprocessar-les i entrenar models amb algorismes d'aprenentatge automàtic que ofereixen bons resultats. S'ha experimentat amb dades de pacients d'asma infantil de l'hospital de Sant Joan de Déu. [ANGLÈS] We've developed an application that can deal with patient data, preprocess it and train models with machine learning algorithms that have given good results. We've experimented with data from Hosp...

  14. Transumbilical laparoscopic treatment of Congenital Infantile Fibrosarcoma of the Ileum

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    G. Scirè

    2014-08-01

    Full Text Available Congenital-Infantile Fibrosarcoma (CIF is a malignant mesenchymal tumor representing 10-20% of soft-tissue tumors. Complete surgical resection is generally the treatment of choice. The most recurrent cytogenetic abnormality was identified as the traslocation t(12;15(p13:q25, which bears the fusion of Tel gene EVT6 with TrkC gene. This study describes a case of infantile fibrosarcoma of the ileum in a female newborn examined for intestinal occlusion and its laparoscopic treatment.

  15. Lectura e Inteligencias Múltiples en Educación Infantil

    OpenAIRE

    Carretero-Delgado, Susana

    2013-01-01

    El fracaso escolar tiene consecuencias negativas importantes tanto a nivel individual como social. Los problemas de lectura son unas de las principales causas de este fracaso. En este trabajo de investigación se ha hecho una exploración sobre el rendimiento lector con alumnos de Educación Infantil para establecer su posible relación con las inteligencias múltiples. Se evaluaron 30 alumnos de Educación Infantil de entre 5 y 6 años con el cuestionario de inteligencias múltiples y una prueba de ...

  16. El diagnóstico positivo de autismo infantil

    OpenAIRE

    Velázquez Argota, Juana; Lozano Pérez, Teresa

    1996-01-01

    Se revisan los límites del síndrome autístico y la evolución del concepto de autismo infantil desde Kanner hasta las clasificaciones psiquiátricas más recientes. Se informan los resultados de nuestras investigaciones en el diagnóstico positivo del autismo infantil. La anamnesis remota es de poco valor, más relevantes para el diagnóstico constituyen el examen del paciente en el presente y las escalas de cuantificación del autismo (las cuales son de utilidad en el diagnóstico diferencial entre ...

  17. Realidad aumentada en Educación Infantil

    OpenAIRE

    Sánchez Rodríguez, José; Ruiz Palmero, Julio; Sánchez Vega, Elena

    2016-01-01

    Comenzamos por un resumen del marco normativo de la etapa Educación Infantil en el que se indica la necesidad de incluir las tecnologías en la misma. Posteriormente comentamos posibilidades de materiales y recursos tecnológicos para la enseñanza. Por último, detallamos algunas experiencias de uso de la realidad aumentada (RA) con alumnado del segundo ciclo de Educación Infantil. Universidad de Málaga. Campus de Excelencia Internacional Andalucía Tech.

  18. ¿Igualdad en educación infantil?

    OpenAIRE

    Vélez Sales, Paula

    2016-01-01

    Treball final de Grau en Mestre o Mestra d'Educació Infantil. Codi: MI1040. Curs acadèmic 2015-2016 Este trabajo tiene como objeto realizar una revisión teórica sobre las desigualdades en la etapa de infantil, sus causas y consecuencias. Para ello, estudiaremos las aportaciones teóricas más relevantes sobre las desigualdades sociales, culturales, económicas y políticas que influyen en la escuela. La metodología se ha basado en las búsquedas bibliográficas relacionadas con el tema de la ...

  19. EL JUEGO SIMBÓLICO, EN EL APRENDIZAJE INFANTIL

    OpenAIRE

    Mirás-Puente, Tania

    2013-01-01

    El presente Trabajo de Fin de Grado, en la especialidad Maestro en Educación Infantil, está centrado en la presentación de una propuesta de intervención, fundamentalmente lúdica, cuyo fin es aportar un recurso a los docentes atendiendo a diferentes tipos de aprendizajes. El carácter lúdico es considerado, ya que el juego es uno de los enfoques metodológicos en la etapa infantil. Esta metodología, sostenida en una motivación de aprendizaje, promoverá un ambiente adecuado para la construcción d...

  20. Interventions for infantile haemangiomas of the skin.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Novoa, Monica; Baselga, Eulalia; Beltran, Sandra; Giraldo, Lucia; Shahbaz, Ali; Pardo-Hernandez, Hector; Arevalo-Rodriguez, Ingrid

    2018-04-18

    Infantile haemangiomas (previously known as strawberry birthmarks) are soft, raised swellings of the skin that occur in 3% to 10% of infants. These benign vascular tumours are usually uncomplicated and tend to regress spontaneously. However, when haemangiomas occur in high-risk areas, such as near the eyes, throat, or nose, impairing their function, or when complications develop, intervention may be necessary. This is an update of a Cochrane Review first published in 2011. To assess the effects of interventions for the management of infantile haemangiomas in children. We updated our searches of the following databases to February 2017: the Cochrane Skin Group Specialised Register, CENTRAL, MEDLINE, Embase, PsycINFO, AMED, LILACS, and CINAHL. We also searched five trials registries and checked the reference lists of included studies for further references to relevant trials. Randomised controlled trials (RCTs) of all types of interventions, versus placebo, active monitoring, or other interventions, in any child with single or multiple infantile haemangiomas (IHs) located on the skin. We used standard methodological procedures expected by Cochrane. The primary outcome measures were clearance, a subjective measure of improvement, and adverse events. Secondary outcomes were other measures of resolution; proportion of parents or children who consider there is still a problem; aesthetic appearance; and requirement for surgical correction. We used GRADE to assess the quality of the evidence for each outcome; this is indicated in italics. We included 28 RCTs, with a total of 1728 participants, assessing 12 different interventions, including lasers, beta blockers (e.g. propranolol, timolol maleate), radiation therapy, and steroids. Comparators included placebo, an active monitoring approach, sham radiation, and interventions given alone or in combination.Studies were conducted in a number of countries, including China, Egypt, France, and Australia. Participant age ranged

  1. Reflexo do consumismo infantil no ambiente escolar

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sônia de Fátima Camargo

    2011-12-01

    Full Text Available Este artigo propôs verificar se há reflexos do consumismo infantil no ambiente escolar. Se á fatores que influenciam nas interações afetivas e subjetivas dos alunos das séries iniciais do Ensino Fundamental na Escola Municipal Professora Ana Cristina de sena município de Sinop – MT. O objetivo do trabalho foi investigar as relações interpessoais em sala de aula e de que forma essas relações acontecem diante do consumismo. Como fundamentação teórica, recorremos aos autores, Zygmunt Bauman, Anne Barrére, Antonio Chizotti e Maria Minayo. A metodologia usada consistiu na pesquisa qualitativa, no estudo de caso e entrevistas com perguntas abertas e fechadas aplicadas a professores e pais e observação em sala dos alunos. Através dos relatos dos sujeitos realizamos um estudo analítico confrontando os dados da pesquisa com os autores principais que fundamentam a mesma. O presente trabalho pretende contribuir com a escola na sensibilização de futuros consumidores, e como trabalhar com conceitos de valores do ‘ser’ e não do ‘ter’. Os resultados da investigação revelam que a realidade na qual foi pesquisado, o reflexo do consumismo e contundentes e que o consumismo não é o único fator a influenciar nas relações e formação subjetiva dos alunos.Palavras-chave: educação; ensino fundamental; anos iniciais; consumismo; sociointeracionismo.

  2. Prevención y promoción del desarrollo infantil: una experiencia en las Escuelas Infantiles

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ángela Díaz-Herrero

    2009-01-01

    Full Text Available Este trabajo presenta un programa de prevención y promoción del desarrollo infantil dirigido a 136 niños entre 1 y 3 años de edad escolarizados en escuela infantil entre los cursos académicos 2005-2006 y 2007-2008. Se efectuaron dos valoraciones anuales del desarrollo psicomotor mediante las Escalas Bayley de Desarrollo Infantil (Bayleyayley, 1993. Tras la primera evaluación se dieron recomendaciones tanto a la familia como a los educadores para fortalecer las competencias de los niños. Los resultados indican, de modo global, progresos significativos tanto en el desarrollo mental como psicomotor de los niños que participaron en dicho programa.

  3. Infantile digital fibromatosis (inclusion body fibromatosis observed in a baby without finger involvement

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Avni Kaya

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available A 9-day-old male baby was hospitalized after his birth due to some swells under the skin. The hard consistency nodules observed under the skin all over the body of the patient were of different size, and presented lesions, among which the biggest was 1 × 1 cm. No lesions were observed on the fingers. By superficial ultrasonography, multiple isoechoic hypoechoic lesions were observed among the muscle plan. In thoracolumbar magnetic resonance imaging, multiple massif lesions retaining peripheral contrast (the biggest was 1.7 × 1.4 cm large had been observed under the skin muscle plans, between the muscles of the extremities. The biopsy was positive for smooth muscle actin, but negative for desmin, S100, and CD34. These findings were diagnosed as infantile digital fibromatosis (IDF (inclusion body fibromatosis. The case was presented with an objective to illustrate and remind that IDF can be observed in babies without finger involvement.

  4. Coup de projecteur entre deux scènes : Foulplay de Roberto Zappalà, Comédie de Beckett en danse

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Stefano Genetti

    2016-06-01

    Full Text Available S’appuyant sur la captation vidéo fournie par la compagnie et sur un entretien avec le chorégraphe, cet article concerne la pièce pour trois interprètes Foulplay (2005, conçue par Roberto Zappalà à partir de Comédie (1963, une œuvre qui marque un tournant dans la dramaturgie de Beckett. Juxtaposées dans le cadre d’un projet pluridisciplinaire, mise en scène théâtrale et projection chorégraphique se font écho. En incorporant les tensions parole/mouvement et (invisible/(inintelligible inscrites dans le dispositif métathéâtral beckettien, Foulplay suscite une réflexion sur le statut insaisissable du corps dansant, suspendu entre surgissement et évanescence, alors que le projecteur éclairant tour à tour la scène parlée et la scène dansée jette une lumière nouvelle sur les fondements et les conditions du percevoir mis à nu, et en cause, par Beckett. || Based on the company’s video recording of the performance and on an interview with the choreographer, this paper deals with the piece for three dancers Foulplay (2005 by Roberto Zappalà. Within an interartistic project juxtaposing theatre production and contemporary dance, the choreographer has drawn inspiration from Play (1963, a work that marks a turning point in Beckett’s dramatic œuvre. By embodying the tensions between word and movement and between the (invisible and the (unintelligible which define the playwright’s meta-theatrical stage, Foulplay offers a meditation on the striking, yet elusive presence of the performing body. At the same time, the spotlight that illuminates both Play’s talking heads and Foulplay’s moving bodies focuses on the many ways Beckett’s theatre questions the fundamentals of perception.

  5. In Pompeii and Volterra the Earth Really Trembles: De-Territorialisation, European Art-Cinema, and the Fate of Neorealism in Roberto Rossellini's Journey to ltaly and Luchino Visconti's Sandra

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Stefano Ciammaroni

    2007-06-01

    Full Text Available Este trabalho se utiliza de dois estudos de caso - Viagem to Italy (1953, de Roberto Rossellini e Sandra (1965, de Luchino Visconti para discutir questões políticas, historiográficas e estéticas [que interferem] no relacionamento entre o neo-realismo como cinema da nação italiana e o "cinema de arte europeu" como uma instituição desnacionalizada.

  6. Leucodistrofia metacromática infantil em gêmeos

    OpenAIRE

    Wittig,Ehrenfried Othmar; Marçallo,Francisco Antonio; Pilotto,Rui Fernando; Mello,Luiz Renato

    1985-01-01

    Os autores descrevem um par de gêmeas monozigóticas, filhas de pais consanguíneos em segundo grau (f=1/32), com leucodistrofia metacromática, forma infantil. A zigosidade foi determinada pelos achados obstétricos e por marcadores genéticos eritrocitários.

  7. Leucodistrofia metacromática infantil em gêmeos

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ehrenfried Othmar Wittig

    1985-09-01

    Full Text Available Os autores descrevem um par de gêmeas monozigóticas, filhas de pais consanguíneos em segundo grau (f=1/32, com leucodistrofia metacromática, forma infantil. A zigosidade foi determinada pelos achados obstétricos e por marcadores genéticos eritrocitários.

  8. Infantile malignant osteopetrosis: A case report of three siblings

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sahil Jain

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available Infantile malignant osteopetrosis, a rare hereditary, generalized disorder of bone characterized by a significant increase in the density of the skeletal tissues is described in three siblings. The incidence, genetic etiology, clinical, laboratory, radiological features, management and prognosis have been discussed.

  9. Quantitative analysis of infantile ureteropelvic junction obstruction by diuretic renography

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Ueno, Shigeru; Suzuki, Yutaka; Murakami, Takeshi; Yokoyama, Seishichi; Hirakawa, Hitoshi; Tajima, Tomoo; Makuuchi, Hiroyasu

    2001-01-01

    Infantile hydronephrosis detected by ultrasonography poses a clinical dilemma on how to treat the condition. This article reports a retrospective study to evaluate infantile hydronephrosis due to suspected ureteropelvic junction (UPJ) obstruction by means of standardized diuretic renography and to speculate its usefulness for quantitative assessment and management of this condition. Between November 1992 and July 1999, 43 patients who had the disease detected in their fetal or infantile period were submitted to this study. Standardized diuretic renograms were obtained with 99m Tc-labeled diethylene-triaminepenta-acetate (Tc-99m-DTPA) or 99m Tc-labeled mercaptoacetyl triglycine (Tc-99m-MAG3) as radiopharmaceuticals. Drainage half-time clearance (T 1/2) of the activity at each region of interest set to encompass the entire kidney and the dilated pelvis was used as an index of quantitative analysis of UPJ obstruction. Initial T 1/2s of 32 kidneys with suspected UPJ obstruction were significantly longer than those of 37 without obstruction. T 1/2s of kidneys which had undergone pyeloplasty decreased promptly after surgery whereas those of units followed up without surgery decreased more sluggishly. These findings demonstrate that a standardized diuretic renographic analysis with T 1/2 can reliably assess infantile hydronephrosis with UPJ obstruction and be helpful in making a decision on surgical intervention. (author)

  10. Injury Patterns among Individuals Diagnosed with Infantile Autism during Childhood

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Mouridsen, Svend-Erik; Rich, Bente; Isager, Torben

    2016-01-01

    Background: To date, injury risk among people with infantile autism (IA) has been a relatively poorly researched issue.Objective:The purpose of our study was to compare the prevalence and types of injuries in a clinical sample of 118 patients diagnosed with IA during childhood with those of 336 age...

  11. Quantitative analysis of infantile ureteropelvic junction obstruction by diuretic renography

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Ueno, Shigeru; Suzuki, Yutaka; Murakami, Takeshi; Yokoyama, Seishichi; Hirakawa, Hitoshi; Tajima, Tomoo; Makuuchi, Hiroyasu [Tokai Univ., Isehara, Kanagawa (Japan). School of Medicine

    2001-04-01

    Infantile hydronephrosis detected by ultrasonography poses a clinical dilemma on how to treat the condition. This article reports a retrospective study to evaluate infantile hydronephrosis due to suspected ureteropelvic junction (UPJ) obstruction by means of standardized diuretic renography and to speculate its usefulness for quantitative assessment and management of this condition. Between November 1992 and July 1999, 43 patients who had the disease detected in their fetal or infantile period were submitted to this study. Standardized diuretic renograms were obtained with {sup 99m}Tc-labeled diethylene-triaminepenta-acetate (Tc-99m-DTPA) or {sup 99m}Tc-labeled mercaptoacetyl triglycine (Tc-99m-MAG3) as radiopharmaceuticals. Drainage half-time clearance (T 1/2) of the activity at each region of interest set to encompass the entire kidney and the dilated pelvis was used as an index of quantitative analysis of UPJ obstruction. Initial T 1/2s of 32 kidneys with suspected UPJ obstruction were significantly longer than those of 37 without obstruction. T 1/2s of kidneys which had undergone pyeloplasty decreased promptly after surgery whereas those of units followed up without surgery decreased more sluggishly. These findings demonstrate that a standardized diuretic renographic analysis with T 1/2 can reliably assess infantile hydronephrosis with UPJ obstruction and be helpful in making a decision on surgical intervention. (author)

  12. Clinical findings versus imaging studies in the diagnosis of infantile ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Background: Infantile hypertrophic pyloric stenosis is the most common surgical cause of vomiting in early infancy and can be diagnosed clinically or by imaging studies. Objectives: The aim of this study was to assess the accuracy of clinical examination compared with ultrasound and upper gastrointestinal contrast imaging ...

  13. Infantile Short Bowel Syndrome: short and long term evaluation

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    J.F. Olieman (Joanne)

    2009-01-01

    textabstractInfantile short bowel syndrome is a condition which is characterized by malabsorption of nutrients, as a result of congenital intestinal shortening or massive small bowel resection. Survival rates have improved over the years, but morbidity remains high and clinical management of these

  14. Hacia una educación infantil de calidad

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ana Lupita Chaves Salas

    2004-01-01

    Full Text Available El artículo analiza las funciones que cumple la educación infantil dentro de la sociedad y da a conocer algunos criterios de calidad para valorar los programas dirigidos a la educación del niño y la niña menor de seis años

  15. El timerosal y las enfermedades del neurodesarrollo infantil

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Luis Maya

    2006-09-01

    Full Text Available Se evalúa la relación causal entre el timerosal (etilmercurio, como preservante en las vacunas pediátricas, y el incremento de casos de enfermedades del neurodesarrollo infantil, como consecuencia de la ampliación de los esquemas de inmunización. Se revisó la información científica, relacionando el timerosal y las evidencias que permitan evaluar una posible asociación causal, con estudios epidemiológicos, ecológicos, biomoleculares y toxicológicos, de bioseguridad, toxicológicos fetales y sobre salud reproductiva. Se encontró múltiples asociaciones entre la exposición a timerosal y las enfermedades del neurodesarrollo infantil. Tal neurotoxicidad ocurre en los infantes y fetos de gestantes vacunadas por dosis acumulativa de mercurio. Las diversas evidencias implican al timerosal como el agente causante, agravante o disparador de las enfermedades del neurodesarrollo infantil. La toxicidad del mercurio obligó al retiro progresivo del timerosal de los medicamentos. Lamentablemente, en las vacunas, ha habido una sustancial demora en la demostración de su impacto negativo. Actualmente, existen vacunas sin timerosal, cuyo uso está ocasionando la disminución de la incidencia de las enfermedades del neurodesarrollo infantil.

  16. Hacia una des-categorización de la ‘identidad hispanoamericana’: estrategias queer en Roberto Bolaño y Pedro Lemebel

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Gabriele Bizzarri

    2017-05-01

    Full Text Available The presence of queer motifs in contemporary Latin American literature is getting more and more relevant nowadays, generating a rich and complex corpus of texts where the thematic obsession with the opaque, incongruous, mischievous body overtly exceeds the LGBT borders and becomes a strategy of experimenting new politics and poetics of representing Latin American collective identity. This essay aims at giving a new theoretically hybrid frame of reading to some of the most emblematic texts of the contemporary canon, one where the postcolonial discourse mixes with queer studies. A classic urban chronicle about transvestism by Pedro Lemebel and the novel Woes of the true Policeman by Roberto Bolaño will be considered as case studies: both the faux detective story of a Chilean exiled investigating on his own sexual ambiguity and the magic-realistic performance of a indio imitator of the pop singer Madonna seems to allude to a sort of subversive continuation of the postcolonial assessment of the New World, in which notions of “obliqueness”, “unaccountability” and, crucially, “vulnerability” sound ambiguously as a critical response and as an ingenious actualization of traditionally fostered cultural constructs such as “mestizaje” and hybridization.

  17. De muertas y policías: la duplicidad de la novela negra en la obra de Roberto Bolaño

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Nilia Viscardi

    2013-12-01

    Full Text Available Se presenta una sociología de las representaciones de la violencia a partir del estudio de la novela policial. Tomando como base los comentarios frankfurtianos sobre el auge de la novela policial en la modernidad, se comparan dos escritores europeos (Andrea Camilleri y Henning Mankell con un latinoamericano (Roberto Bolaño. 2666, la novela de Bolaño, se construye desde un tipo particular de violencia social relacionada con la impunidad y la impotencia del estado, o en definitiva, con la imposibilidad del proyecto moderno. Esta realidad da lugar a un tipo de representación que se aparta de los cánones de la novela policial, como se apreciará en la caracterización del detective. Investigando los violentos desafíos al frágil orden social, este nuevo tipo de novela policial latinoamericana pone en cuestión los mecanismos de representación de la muerte, esto es, la representación de lo irrepresentable.

  18. Rescribir el horror. Historia y poética de la memoria en la obra de Roberto Bolaño

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Alba Solà Garcia

    2013-04-01

    Full Text Available Con los horrores del siglo XX, el mal ha caído en un vacío ontológico que lo hace ininteligible: la desemantización de su lenguaje y la atrofia de sus fórmulas niegan la posibilidad de erigir un discurso válido, sea éste en el plano moral, político o filosófico. La literatura, sin embargo, se aventura a resignificar el espacio del mal a partir de su reelaboración en la dimensión simbólica de la ficción. Roberto Bolaño reconstruye el discurso histórico chileno en Estrella distante y Nocturno de Chile, denunciando el fenómeno del mal y su reiterada aparición en la Historia y resignificando su lenguaje a partir de una poética del ocultamiento y la sugerencia que permite visibilizar el horror y sus espacios, convirtiendo sus ficciones en documentos testimoniales que reelaboran la memoria histórica latinoamericana y reivindican sus episodios olvidados.

  19. Realidad, sueño y utopía en La isla desierta. Un acercamiento al mundo teatral de Roberto Arlt

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Camacho Delgado, José Manuel

    2001-12-01

    Full Text Available En la obra literaria del escritor argentino Roberto Arlt, la imaginación no conduce a los personajes a la liberación, sino a la derrota definitiva. Su teatro está lleno de criaturas miserables que tratan de sobreponerse inútilmente a los continuos encontronazos con la vida cotidiana. Sus obras contemplan numerosos desdoblamientos imaginativos que permiten al autor introducir diferentes niveles en la ficción y plantear el teatro dentro del teatro. En La isla desierta, una de sus piezas más breves y representadas, los personajes de una triste oficina portuaria experimentan un cambio radical en sus vidas cuando dejan de trabajar en un sótano y son trasladados a la décima planta de un inmueble. Allí, a través de un inmenso ventanal, son reclamados por un sinfín de tentaciones que se encuentran más allá del mundo gris de la oficina. Los empleados descubren los beneficios de la luz natural, la llegada de los buques, el bullicio de la calle, los reclamos de la libertad, elementos que acaban desestabilizando la rutina administrativa. No obstante, es el relato de uno de los personajes, el mulato Cipriano, cuya memoria es esencialmente literaria, el que arrastra al resto de los oficinistas a la ensoñación y a la consiguiente derrota.

  20. Migraciones irregulares y poder. Biopolítica, nuda vida y sistema inmunitario: una aproximación desde Giorgio Agamben y Roberto Esposito

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Cristian Acosta Olaya

    2013-06-01

    Full Text Available El presente texto se enmarca en el desarrollo teórico de Giorgio Agamben sobre la nuda vida y su división entre zôê y bíos, y el análisis que Roberto Esposito realiza a cerca del poder de y sobre la vida para la inmunización del cuerpo social. Partiendo de esta base teórica, este escrito intenta dilucidar las problemáticas que presentan hoy las migraciones internacionales, principalmente, aquellas que se dan hacía países del centro económico mundial de manera “irregular” frente a su ordenamiento jurídico migratorio. Desde los aportes de Agamben y Esposito, se busca explorar las lógicas tanto de desprotección política en la actualidad (entendida como producción de nuda vida como del sistema inmunitario del “cuerpo” social y la expulsión de agentes patógenos exteriores, tomando como figura central de análisis el inmigrante “no deseado” y los mecanismos para controlarlo.

  1. Chistes par(ra reordenar el canon: Roberto Bolaño, Nicanor Parra y la poesía chilena

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Benjamin Loy

    2014-12-01

    Full Text Available “Todo se lo debo a Parra” – con estas y semejantes palabras de elogio Roberto Bolaño le asignó un lugar central al antipoeta chileno dentro de su amplio canon personal. No obstante, la amplia crítica bolañiana hasta el momento no pareciera haber estudiado a fondo las múltiples dimensiones de esta relación entre los dos autores chilenos. El presente estudio pretende analizar, por lo tanto, de qué manera los postulados ético-estéticos de Parra y de su antipoesía le sirven a Bolaño como punto de referencia clave para reordenar el canon de la literatura chilena contemporánea. Además, se discutirá el papel clave que desempeña Bolaño en el renovado interés de la crítica en la obra de Nicanor Parra durante los últimos años.

  2. Similarities and differences between infantile and early childhood onset vanishing white matter disease.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zhou, Ling; Zhang, Haihua; Chen, Na; Zhang, Zhongbin; Liu, Ming; Dai, Lifang; Wang, Jingmin; Jiang, Yuwu; Wu, Ye

    2018-06-01

    Vanishing white matter disease (VWM) is one of the most prevalent inherited leukoencephalopathies in childhood. Infantile VWM is more severe but less understood than the classic early childhood type. We performed a follow-up study on 14 infantile and 26 childhood patients to delineate the natural history and neuroimaging features of VWM. Infantile and childhood patients shared similarities in the incidence of epileptic seizure (35.7 vs. 38.5%) and episodic aggravation (92.9 vs. 84.6%). Developmental delay before disease onset was more common in infantile patients. Motor disability was earlier and more severe in infantile VWM. In survivors with disease durations of 1-3 years, the Gross Motor Function Classification System (GMFCS) was classified as IV-V in 66.7% of infantile and only 29.4% of childhood patients. Kaplan-Meier survival curve analysis indicated that the 5-year survival rates were 21.6 and 91.3% in infantile and childhood VWM, respectively. In terms of MRI, infantile patients showed more extensive involvement and earlier rarefaction, with more common involvement of subcortical white matter, internal capsule, brain stem and dentate nuclei of the cerebellum. Restricted diffusion was more diffuse or extensive in infantile patients. In addition, four novel mutations were identified. In conclusion, we identified some similarities and differences in the natural history and neuroimaging features between infantile and early childhood VWM.

  3. Continuous delivery of propranolol from liposomes-in-microspheres significantly inhibits infantile hemangioma growth

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Guo XN

    2017-09-01

    Full Text Available Xiaonan Guo,1,* Xiaoshuang Zhu,1,* Dakan Liu,1 Yubin Gong,1 Jing Sun,2 Changxian Dong1 1Department of Hemangioma and Vascular Malformation, Henan Provincial People’s Hospital, Zhengzhou, People’s Republic of China; 2Department of Pharmacy, Second Military Medical University, Shanghai, People’s Republic of China *These authors contributed equally to this work Purpose: To reduce the adverse effects and high frequency of administration of propranolol to treat infantile hemangioma, we first utilized propranolol-loaded liposomes-in-microsphere (PLIM as a novel topical release system to realize sustained release of propranolol.Methods: PLIM was developed from encapsulating propranolol-loaded liposomes (PLs in microspheres made of poly(lactic-co-glycolic acid-b-poly(ethylene glycol-b-poly(lactic-co-glycolic acid copolymers (PLGA-PEG-PLGA. The release profile of propranolol from PLIM was evaluated, and its biological activity was investigated in vitro using proliferation assays on hemangioma stem cells (HemSCs. Tumor inhibition was studied in nude mice bearing human subcutaneous infantile hemangioma.Results: The microspheres were of desired particle size (~77.8 µm and drug encapsulation efficiency (~23.9% and achieved sustained drug release for 40 days. PLIM exerted efficient inhibition of the proliferation of HemSCs and significantly reduced the expression of two angiogenesis factors (vascular endothelial growth factor-A [VEGF-A] and basic fibroblast growth factor [bFGF] in HemSCs. Notably, the therapeutic effect of PLIM in hemangioma was superior to that of propranolol and PL in vivo, as reflected by significantly reduced hemangioma volume, weight, and microvessel density. The mean hemangioma weight of the PLIM-treated group was significantly lower than that of other groups (saline =0.28 g, propranolol =0.21 g, PL =0.13 g, PLIM =0.03 g; PLIM vs saline: P<0.001, PLIM vs propranolol: P<0.001, PLIM vs PL: P<0.001. The mean microvessel density of

  4. A five-week-old girl with inspiratory stridor due to infantile hemangiopericytoma

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Hansen, Jonas K; Sørensen, Flemming Brandt; Christensen, Mogens Fjord

    2006-01-01

    UNLABELLED: A 5-week-old girl with inspiratory stridor is presented. No immediate cause of the stridor was found, but eventually a diagnosis of infantile hemangiopericytoma located in the rhinopharynx was made. After surgery all respiratory symptoms disappeared.CONCLUSION: Infantile hemangioperic......UNLABELLED: A 5-week-old girl with inspiratory stridor is presented. No immediate cause of the stridor was found, but eventually a diagnosis of infantile hemangiopericytoma located in the rhinopharynx was made. After surgery all respiratory symptoms disappeared.CONCLUSION: Infantile...

  5. Congenital (infantile) pseudarthrosis of the fibula associated with osteofibrous dysplasia

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Hisaoka, Masanori; Hashimoto, Hiroshi; Ohguri, Takayuki; Aoki, Takatoshi; Okamoto, Sumika; Ishida, Tsuyoshi; Tanaka, Hidetoshi; Okimoto, Nobukazu; Nakamura, Toshitaka

    2004-01-01

    We describe a recently noted association of congenital (infantile) pseudarthrosis of the lower leg with osteofibrous dysplasia. The patient was a 2-year-old boy who presented with a deformed left ankle joint and three cutaneous cafe-au-lait spots. Radiography demonstrated pseudarthrosis of the left distal fibula and a round lucent lesion adjacent to the proximal part of the pseudarthrosis. Histologically, the surgically removed fibula with pseudarthrosis showed a fibromatosis-like fibrovascular proliferation and nonspecific reparative changes. The focal lucent area demonstrated a fibro-osseous lesion, which was histologically identical to osteofibrous dysplasia. This case provides further evidence that osteofibrous dysplasia may be associated with congenital (infantile) pseudarthrosis of the lower leg. (orig.)

  6. Estilos de apego padres-hijo y obesidad infantil

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Corina Alba-Alba

    2014-12-01

    Full Text Available El apego es una conducta de búsqueda de cercanía con el otro significativo para obtener seguridad, confianza y afecto la cual se lleva a cabo a través de distintas estrategias que determinan un estilo de apego. El estilo de apego puede clasificarse en dos grandes categorías: seguro e inseguro. La incidencia de obesidad infantil continúa en aumento en México, siendo uno de los países más afectados por lo que es prioritario explorar nuevos aportes de conocimiento respecto al tema. El presente artículo ofrece información teórica y empírica como referente para plantear la pertinencia de estudiar la relación entre estilos de apego padres-hijo y obesidad infantil.

  7. First trimester nicotine exposure and the risk of infantile colic

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Milidou, Ioanna; Henriksen, Tine Brink; Jensen, Morten Søndergaard

    Background: Although prenatal exposure to maternal smoking has been associated with infantile colic (IC), to date no published studies have reported on the relationship between the prenatal use of nicotine replacement therapy (NRT) and IC. Aim: We aimed to assess the relationship between fetal...... exposure to nicotine, coming from both cigarette smoking and use of NRT early in pregnancy, and IC. Methods: The study population consisted of 63,883 pregnancies that resulted in live born singletons enrolled in the Danish National Birth Cohort between 1997 and 2002. Mother’s smoking habits and use of NRT......: The results indicate that prenatal exposure to nicotine from any source during the first trimester of the pregnancy increases the risk of infantile colic....

  8. ATENCIÓN INFANTIL TEMPRANA EN ESPAÑA

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    María Auxiliadora Robles-Bello

    2013-05-01

    Full Text Available Este artículo pretende destacar un ámbito de trabajo de la Psicología Clínica que se ha convertido en una disciplina propia de actuación en la población infantil, para ello se trata de esclarecer el concepto actual de atención temprana y su estructuración territorial vigente en nuestro país. Comenzamos por una definición general de la atención infantil temprana, se continúa especificando los inicios de la atención temprana en España y sus pioneros para finalizar planteando como se estructura este servicio en las diversas Comunidades Autónomas, y en particular en la Comunidad Autónoma de Andalucía.

  9. Selvadministreret ventrikelsondeernaering hos et barn med infantil autisme

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Dyrborg, J

    1991-01-01

    An example of self-administered gastric tube nutrition in a boy aged 15 years with infantile autism is presented. The boy would neither eat nor drink in the normal manner since the age of eight years and has gradually administered tube-feeding himself. This patient does not fulfill the internatio......An example of self-administered gastric tube nutrition in a boy aged 15 years with infantile autism is presented. The boy would neither eat nor drink in the normal manner since the age of eight years and has gradually administered tube-feeding himself. This patient does not fulfill...... the international criteria for the diagnosis of anorexia nervosa. A possible etiological factor and the education/psychological attitudes to the compulsive symptom are discussed. Udgivelsesdato: 1991-Oct-14...

  10. Significaciones del abuso sexual infantil intrafamiliar en contexto mapuche rural

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Lilian Sanhueza Díaz

    2010-07-01

    Full Text Available presente trabajo muestra los resultados de un estudio de caso realizado en la Región de La Araucanía, con actores sociales relevantes para el mundo mapuche y familias afectadas por situaciones de abuso sexual. Se plantean los principales hallazgos, en torno a las visiones que estos actores sociales tienen respecto del abuso sexual infantil intrafamiliar, en el complejo contexto de relaciones interétnicas característicode esta región. Destaca la pérdida de mecanismos de protección propios de la cultura, el potencial rol de las autoridades tradicionales, la vulnerabilidad de la fi gura materna, las condiciones sociofamiliares que constituirían factores de riesgo ante situaciones de abuso sexual infantil y la valorización del rol de facilitador intercultural y de la lengua materna como dispositivo terapéutico.

  11. Miastenia gravis infantil: relato de caso diagnosticado clinicamente

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    J. Rodrigo Lopes

    1985-09-01

    Full Text Available Registro de caso de miastenia infantil (forma congênita, em criança com 16 meses de idade. Ênfase ao diagnóstico diferencial das várias formas de miastenia na infância é dada durante a discussão do caso. O diagnóstico baseou-se na resposta imediata a teste com Neostigmina, seguido de terapêutica satisfatória com Mestinon.

  12. Timing of surgery for infantile esotropia: sensory and motor outcomes

    OpenAIRE

    Wong, Agnes M.F.

    2008-01-01

    Infantile esotropia is a common ophthalmic disorder in childhood. It is often accompanied by profound maldevelopment of stereopsis, motion processing, and eye movements, despite successful surgical realignment of the eyes. The proper timing of surgery has been debated for decades. There is growing evidence from clinical and animal studies that surgery during the early critical periods enhances sensory and ocular motor development. The Congenital Esotropia Observational Study has defined a cli...

  13. Asthme Infantile: Les facteurs de risque modifiables | Monebenimp ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Cette étude transversale avait pour objectif de déterminer les facteurs de risque modifiables de l'asthme infantile. En d'autres termes, il s'agit des facteurs pour lesquels l'on pourrait ... La période de recrutement s'étendait du 1er Août au 31 Décembre 1999. L'enfant devrait avoir une difficulté respiratoire avec sifflement ...

  14. Infantile parkinsonism-dystonia: a dopamine “transportopathy”

    OpenAIRE

    Blackstone, Craig

    2009-01-01

    The dopamine transporter (DAT) retrieves the neurotransmitter dopamine from the synaptic cleft at dopaminergic synapses. Variations in solute carrier family 6A, member 3 (SLC6A3/DAT1), the human gene encoding DAT, have been implicated in attention deficit hyperactivity and bipolar disorders, and DAT is a prominent site of action for drugs such as amphetamines and cocaine. In this issue of the JCI, Kurian et al. report that an autosomal recessive infantile parkinsonism-dystonia is caused by lo...

  15. Low Vision Management For Infantile Nystagmus: A Case Study

    OpenAIRE

    Alexandra Troy, OD; Sara Appel, OD

    2015-01-01

    Background: Infantile nystagmus is a common cause of visual impairment. It can occur in isolation, but it is often found in association with other conditions, such as albinism. The condition results in varying levels of vision impairments ranging from mild to severe. Characteristics include early onset, bilateral involvement, pendular and jerk waveforms, the presence of a null point, and the lack of optokinetic nystagmus and oscillopsia (environment moving). This article provides a review of...

  16. Neonatal and infantile erythroderma: ′The red baby′

    OpenAIRE

    Sarkar Rashmi

    2006-01-01

    Neonatal and infantile erythroderma or "the red baby" is a rare condition. It can be potentially life-threatening and requires urgent attention of the dermatologists. The causes of erythroderma in this age group are different from that in adults and distinctive, but maybe difficult to establish due to poor specificity of clinical and laboratory findings. Careful monitoring and management of the patient may improve the final outcome. In this review, the various causes of "the red baby" is disc...

  17. Infantile myofibromatosis: a most unusual cause of gastric outlet obstruction

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Rohrer, Kellie; Murphy, Robyn; Thresher, Caroline; Jacir, Nabil; Bergman, Kerry [Morristown Memorial Hospital, Department of Radiology, Morristown, NJ (United States)

    2005-08-01

    Non-bilious vomiting in the newborn is common. Etiologies include both surgical and medical conditions. Gastroesophageal reflux, soy or milk protein allergy, and prostaglandin-induced foveolar hyperplasia are among the medical causes. Surgical entities include gastric antral webs, pre-ampullary duodenal and pyloric atresia, and hypertrophic pyloric stenosis. We report the unique case of an 8-day-old girl who presented with gastric outlet obstruction secondary to infantile myofibromatosis. (orig.)

  18. Concepcion del Maltrato Infantil y los Patrones de Crianza

    OpenAIRE

    Ruth E Caicedo-Fonseca

    2007-01-01

    Existen situaciones y comportamientos de la persona, familia y colectivos, que por diferentes circunstancias pueden propiciar la Violencia Intrafamiliar conllevando al Maltrato Infantil. El que se presenten estos factores predispone a la aparicion del maltrato, pero esto no significa que necesariamente el resultado de tales comportamientos desemboque en violencia contra los miembros del nucleo familiar, pero si es seguro que esas personas son mas vulnerables al problema. Cuando la persona tra...

  19. Mortalidad infantil: Análisis de un decenio

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Rogelio León López

    1998-12-01

    Full Text Available Se efectúo un estudio descriptivo y retrospectivo con la finalidad de conocer el comportamiento de la mortalidad infantil en el policlínico docente "30 de Noviembre" durante el decenio 1985-1994. El universo de estudio estuvo conformado por los 29 fallecidos menores de un año ocurridos en el período referido en dicha área de salud. Se calculó la tasa de mortalidad infantil en sus diferentes componentes en cada año motivo de estudio. Se encontró que la tasa de mortalidad infantil en nuestra área tiene un comportamiento cíclico, que la mortalidad neonatal precoz fue la que más fallecidos aportó y que las principales causas de muerte fueron la sepsis, el bajo peso al nacer y la hipoxia. Se enfatiza en la importancia de establecer un Plan de Medidas encaminado a disminuir la mortalidad infantil del áreaA descriptive and retrospective study was conducted aimed at knowing the behavior of infant mortality rate at the "30 de Noviembre" Teaching Polyclinic from 1985 to 1994. The 29 infants under one year who died in that health area during that period were studied. Infant mortality rate in its different components was calculated by every year under study. It was found that infant mortality rates in our area had a cyclical behavior, that early neonatal mortality had the highest number of deaths, and that the main cause of death were sepsis, low birth weight and hypoxia. Emphasis is made on the need of implementing a plan of measures to reduce infant mortality rate in the area

  20. Uma ditadura contra a república: política econômica e poder político em Roberto Campos

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ricardo V. Silva

    2006-11-01

    Full Text Available O artigo examina o pensamento político de Roberto Campos entre meados das décadas de 1950 e 1970. Neste período, além de importantes funções governamentais, Campos dedicou-se intensamente à luta de idéias, publicando grande quantidade de artigos e ensaios. Será desenvolvida a hipótese de que o seu pensamento político aponta para a institucionalização de um sistema político de tipo autoritário como o mais adequado às condições culturais e políticas da sociedade brasileira. A principal característica deste tipo de sistema consiste na hipertrofia do poder Executivo estatal, sob comando de militares e tecnocratas, relativamente aos demais poderes da República. A função primordial do poder Executivo hipertrofiado são a elaboração e a implementação de reformas institucionais e de políticas econômicas "racionais", contra as resistências pretensamente particularistas e irracionais dos diferentes setores da sociedade brasileira. Essa hipótese colide frontalmente com a sugestão de Campos de que o regime instituído após o movimento de 1964 seria uma espécie de atualização, nas condições da sociedade brasileira de então, do instituto da "ditadura comissária" da antiga República romana, pelo qual se permitia a eleição de um ditador por um curto período de tempo para debelar eventuais ameaças às instituições republicanas.

  1. La Muerte en la Lírica Infantil Colonial Mexicana

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Elsa Malvido

    2008-06-01

    Full Text Available En este trabajo presentaremos la importancia que la lírica infantil tuvo en la implantación de la cultura occidental en la Nueva España, rastrearemos sus orígenes, intenciones y permanencia en México, destacando uno de sus elementos más constantes: la muerte, así como el papel que desempeñó en las mentes infantiles que la cantaron y representaron. Podrán preguntarse ¿por qué la muerte? y responderemos que después de la conquista castellana de estas tierras, la muerte fue constante, masiva, cotidiana y permanente, todo lo cual se reflejó en las coplas populares; por ejemplo, en el material que hemos consultado compuesto de 193 canciones infantiles, en más de la mitad de ellas se hace referencia, se le menciona, nombra o es el título de las mismas.

  2. Cultura, self e autonomia: bases para o protagonismo infantil

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sergio Fernandes Senna Pires

    Full Text Available Neste artigo são discutidas as bases do protagonismo (ou participação infantil na sociedade: cultura, construção do self e autonomia. São apresentados os principais fundamentos teóricos da abordagem sociocultural construtivista ao se discutir o self como sistema complexo e dinâmico, co-construído mediante a interação entre sujeito ativo e canalizações culturais. Diante das práticas culturais relacionadas à institucionalização da infância, analisam-se como crenças e valores podem contribuir para a participação infantil nos processos decisórios e para a superação das limitações atuais. Conclui-se que a abordagem co-construtivista, efetivamente, pode contribuir para a promoção do protagonismo infantil, visto que destaca as dimensões da cultura e do sujeito construtivo, aí implicadas.

  3. Pediatric Hospital: The Paradigms of Play in Brazil.

    Science.gov (United States)

    de Macedo, Lino; da Silva, Gláucia Faria; Setúbal, Sandra Mutarelli

    2015-01-29

    The role of play in Brazilian children's hospitals is highlighted, as well as the perspective of humanization in Brazil. Some aspects of our culture are crucial to understanding the importance of play considering our society. Sabara Children's Hospital ("Hospital Infantil Sabará") in Brazil is used particularly to discuss humanization. To understand the issue of play in Brazil, it is important to discuss hospitals in their social context, their history, current roles in children's care, humanization history and child development, according to the approaches of Piaget and Winnicott that are used in our culture.

  4. Pediatric Hospital: The Paradigms of Play in Brazil

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Lino de Macedo

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available The role of play in Brazilian children’s hospitals is highlighted, as well as the perspective of humanization in Brazil. Some aspects of our culture are crucial to understanding the importance of play considering our society. Sabara Children’s Hospital (“Hospital Infantil Sabará” in Brazil is used particularly to discuss humanization. To understand the issue of play in Brazil, it is important to discuss hospitals in their social context, their history, current roles in children’s care, humanization history and child development, according to the approaches of Piaget and Winnicott that are used in our culture.

  5. El desarrollo de la creatividad en la Educación Infantil a través de los microrrelatos

    OpenAIRE

    Díaz Molinero, María

    2014-01-01

    Con mi Trabajo de Fin de Grado pretendo ofrecer una propuesta para trabajar en las aulas de educación infantil, congenieando un triple concepto: creatividad, imaginación y lenguaje. [...] Grado en Educación Infantil

  6. O desenvolvimento corporal na educação infantil

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Adriana Pacheco da Silva Santos

    2011-12-01

    Full Text Available Este artigo é resultado de um estudo realizado em uma creche pública pertencente à rede municipal de educação de Sinop - MT. Objetivamos compreender o movimento corporal das crianças como parte do desenvolvimento integral das crianças. E também entender como os profissionais trabalham a especificidade do corpo infantil, dos movimentos das crianças durante a rotina da instituição de uma turma de crianças de dois a três anos de idade. Optamos em focalizar a pesquisa na área da Educação Infantil por entender que as crianças desta faixa etária apresentam características importantes no desenvolvimento corporal, visto que muitas vezes na educação infantil o movimento é considerado como ‘indisciplina’, fazendo com que a criança, na maioria das vezes permanece quietas e sentadas em suas cadeiras. Diante de tal propósito, buscamos uma metodologia que nos possibilitasse apreender o movimento corporal da criança e encontramos na pesquisa qualitativa, através da ‘observação participante’, trilhas que nos conduziram à construção de conhecimentos. Como pesquisadora, permanecemos na instituição investigada por quase três meses, em horários intercalados, utilizando o caderno de campo, no qual registramos as observações realizadas, bem como as entrevistas com as professoras da referida turma. Os principais referenciais utilizados para o estudo foram: Vygotsky, Piaget, Vitor Fonseca e Henri Wallon. De acordo com o observado em campo e leituras teóricas, ressaltamos com este estudo a importância do movimento para as crianças e sua contribuição no desenvolvimento infantil pleno.Palavras-chave: educação; educação infantil; maternal II; movimento; sociointeracionismo.

  7. The Result of The Treatment of Infantile Spasm After Two Year Follow-Up Review Of 45 Cases in Ten Past Years

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    A Nasirian

    2001-06-01

    Full Text Available In the past ten years, 45 cases of infantile spasm treated in our center. From these patients, 15 cases received only steroid, other 15 cases only clonazepam, and the rest, a combination of clonazepam and steroid. All patients were observed for two years. This is a retrospective study, the data being extracted from patients record. A number of patients were treated in ambulatory and the others were patients of the hospital. The result of comparison of optimal control of seizures are as follow: 1 In only steroid group 27 percent of the patients were free of seizure, 2 In only clonazepam group 28 percent showed no seizure, 3 in combined clonazepam and steroid group 39% were seizure-free. Based on this trial we believe that treatment of infantile spasm with combined steroid and clonazepam is better than any of them alone. Considering these results, we believe that the treatment of infantile spasm with a combination of steroid and clonazepam is preferable to these drugs.

  8. Apocalipsis y literatura en Cien años de soledad de Gabriel García Márquez, La guerra del fin del mundo de Mario Vargas Llosa y Estrella distante de Roberto Bolaño

    OpenAIRE

    Laura Luche

    2013-01-01

    The study examines three novels of apocalyptic character, Cien años de soledad by Gabriel García Márquez, La guerra del fin del mundo by Mario Vargas Llosa and Estrella distante by Roberto Bolaño. Both in Cien años de soledad and in La guerra del fin del mundo apocalypse is related to the sudden and forced graft of modernity in a backward society and to the inability of the ruling class to understand the disturbing and devastating aspects of such a graft and, more generally, to understand...

  9. La miseria de la literatura: el mal en las representaciones de los escritores de La literatura nazi en América, Estrella distante y la no ficción de Roberto Bolaño

    OpenAIRE

    Villacreses Benavides, Norman Xavier

    2016-01-01

    La obra y la figura como escritor de Roberto Bolaño es uno de los espacios de investigación de los estudios literarios más importantes en la actualidad. Esto se debe tanto a la repercusión de su ficción dentro de la narrativa hispanoamericana contemporánea como a sus posiciones frente al ejercicio de la literatura. Esta investigación se ha propuesto hallar de qué forma se generan las representaciones del mal dentro del universo literario de Bolaño y cuál es su funcionamiento, tomando como ele...

  10. Hacer memoria, hacer resistencia. : Un análisis de la representación de la memoria individual y colectiva en Amuleto (1999) de Roberto Bolaño

    OpenAIRE

    Rosa, Sandra

    2013-01-01

    En este trabajo vamos a analizar la representación de la memoria, individual y colectiva, en la novela Amuleto (1999) del novelista y poeta chileno Roberto Bolaño, con la finalidad de mostrar la importancia de la memoria para la construcción de la novela. La investigación está dividida principalmente en dos apartados: un análisis narratológico y un análisis sobre teorías de la memoria. En la primera parte del análisis se colocarán los diferentes actantes en un esquema actancial para evidencia...

  11. Maltrato infantil por agresores bajo efecto del alcohol Maltrato infantil a crianças hospitalizadas por agressores sob efeitos do álcool Child maltreatment due to alcohol abuse

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Lucia Julieta Abuná Salcedo

    2005-10-01

    Full Text Available El objetivo de la investigación fue identificar el porcentage de maltrato infantil provocado por agresores bajo efecto del consumo de alcohol en niños que fueron hospitalizados, durante las gestiones de 200 a 2003 en un hospital infantil de La Paz, Bolivia. Se realizó una revisión de histórias clínicas en registros de servicio social y de enfermería, identificando los casos de maltrato infantil en las condiciones pretendidas. Se hospitalizaron con este diagnóstico 0,62% del total de hospitalizaciones, de los cuales el 57,9% son provocados por agresores bajo efecto del alcohol. 12,9% de los casos mueren por traumatismo craneoencefálico. Los agresores se clasificaron como bebedores abusivos sin dependencia, con edads entre 20 y 30 años, son familiares de la vítima, con escolaridad hasta la primaria, no tienen empleo fijo y consumen otras drogas. Aunque no se tenga una clara identificacion de la prevalencia del maltrato por la existencia de sub-registros y posiblemente por la subestimación del diagnostico es necessario que se intervenga junto a los niños vitimizados e a los agresores. Ambos pueden estar expostos a condiciones de estressantes.O objetivo deste trabalho foi investigar a ocorrência de maltrato infantil perpretado por agressor usuário abusivo de álcool. Foram feitas consultas aos prontuários das crianças hospitalizadas no perído de 2000 a 2003, no Hospital del Niño "Dr. Ovidio Aliga Uria". Encontrou-se que, do total de internações 0,62% referiam-se a casos de maus tratos. Destes 57.9% envolviam o agressor usuário abusivo de álcool. Aproximadamente 12,9% das crianças morrem em decorrência de traumatismo crâneo-encefálico. A caracterização dos agressores mostrou que são bebedores abusivos sem dependência; situam-se na faixa etária de 20 a 30 anos; são familiares da criança; têm escolaridade primária/fundamental; não têm emprego fixo e consomem outras drogas. Embora em pequena porcentagem de ocorr

  12. The Protocol for the Early vs. Late Infantile Strabismus Surgery Study

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    H.J. Simonsz (Huib)

    1993-01-01

    textabstractAbstract. The Early vs. Late Infantile Strabismus SurgerY Study Group is a group of strabismologists and orthoptists who investigate whether early or late surgery is preferable in infantile strabismus, in a non-randomized, prospective, multi-centre trial. Infants between 6 and 18 months

  13. Competencias desde la perspectiva intercultural para el grado de educación infantil

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Fernando GONZÁLEZ ALONSO

    2005-01-01

    adecuar sus titulaciones hacia el Espacio Europeo de Educación Superior, a través de la planificación de los grados en Educación Infantil y Educación Primaria. La propuesta de competencias específicas desde la perspectiva intercultural para Educación infantil, puede resultar un interesante punto de partida.

  14. Transplante cardíaco infantil: perspectivas e sentimentos maternos Trasplante cardiaco infantil: perspectivas y sentimientos maternos Heart transplant in children: maternal perspectives and feelings

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Kiarelle Lourenço Penaforte

    2009-12-01

    Full Text Available Objetiva-se descrever as perspectivas maternas e sentimentos despertados pelo transplante cardíaco infantil. Estudo descritivo com abordagem qualitativa, desenvolvido no Hospital do Coração, de Messejana, em Fortaleza-CE, no período de agosto a novembro de 2007. Os sujeitos foram sete mães de crianças transplantadas. Utilizaram-se como técnicas a entrevista semiestruturada e a análise dos prontuários. Os dados foram submetidos à análise de conteúdo, em três etapas, segundo Bardin, organizados, analisados e interpretados à luz da literatura pertinente, vivência das pesquisadoras e experiência das entrevistadas. Da análise das falas, emergiram as unidades temáticas: necessidade do transplante; fonte de apoio; sentimentos externados pelas mães; a doação e perspectivas. Conclui-se que a doação é um momento de felicidade vivenciada por todas as mães, tratando-se da solução para vida de seus filhos, e a presença autêntica do enfermeiro nesta ocasião torna-se ainda mais essencial, pois humanizar faz parte do cuidar da enfermagem.El objetivo fue describir las perspectivas maternas y los sentimientos provocados por el trasplante cardiaco infantil. Estudio descriptivo con abordaje cualitativo, desarrollado en el Hospital del Corazón, de Messejana, en Fortaleza-CE, en el período de agosto a noviembre del 2007. Los sujetos del estudio fueron siete madres de niños con transplante . Se utilizó como técnica la entrevista semiestructurada y el análisis de los registros médicos. Los datos fueron sometidos al análisis del contenido, en tres etapas, según Bardin, siendo organizados, analizados e interpretados a la luz de la bibliografía pertinente, de la vivencia de las investigadoras y de la experiencia de las entrevistadas. Del análisis del discurso , surgieron las unidades temáticas la necesidad del trasplante; las fuente de ayuda; los sentimientos expresados por las madres; la donación y sus perspectivas. Se concluy

  15. Catarata infantil: importância do diagnóstico e tratamento precoces Infantile cataract: the importance of early treatment and diagnosis

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Rafael Vidal Mérula

    2005-06-01

    Full Text Available OBJETIVOS: Estabelecer freqüência da catarata infantil no Serviço de Visão Subnormal - Hospital São Geraldo (HCUFMG, analisar dados da anamnese, exame oftalmológico e prescrição óptica nesses pacientes. MÉTODOS: Estudo observacional, descritivo e retrospectivo. Foram analisados prontuários de catarata infantil do Serviço de Visão Subnormal, de janeiro/1992 a dezembro/2002 referentes à idade, sexo, cor, idade da primeira observação da leucocoria e quem a observou, idades do diagnóstico e realização da facectomia, história familiar de catarata, implante de lente intra-ocular, acuidade visual (AV e prescrição óptica. RESULTADOS: Foram estudados 44 prontuários. Faixa etária de 0 a 15 anos, sendo 19 (43,0% de 0 a 3 anos, 14 (32,0% de 4 a 10 anos, 11 (25,0% de 11 a 15 anos. Vinte e oito (63,6% do sexo feminino. Dezenove (43,2% leucodérmicos. Primeira observação da leucocoria foi feita pela mãe em 17 pacientes (38,6%. Observação de leucocoria ocorreu em 45,5% dos pacientes nos primeiros 2 meses de vida. Facectomia foi realizada em 43,2% dos pacientes acima de 1 ano. Prescrição de óculos foi realizada em 61,4%, sendo em 9,1% abaixo de 12 meses de idade. Lente intra-ocular foi implantada em 13,6% dos pacientes. Quatro (9,1% tinham história familiar de catarata congênita. Em 20,4% a AV foi menor que 20/400. Glaucoma secundário ocorreu em 18,2% dos pacientes. Prescrição de auxílios ópticos incluiu 2 óculos e 1 telescópio. CONCLUSÕES: Mais informações sobre catarata congênita devem ser dadas aos familiares e pediatras, facectomia deve ser realizada precocemente, correção óptica e tratamento da ambliopia devem ser instituídas prontamente.PURPOSE: To establish the frequency of infantile cataract in the Low Vision Service of São Geraldo Hospital (HSG-HCUFMG and to analyze basis of history, ophthalmologic examination and optical prescription in these patients. METHODS: Retrospective study of infantile cataract

  16. Caracterização do perfil diagnóstico e fluxo de um ambulatório de Fonoaudiologia hospitalar na área de Linguagem infantil Characterization of the diagnostic profile and flow of a Speech-Language Pathology service in child language within a public hospital

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Patrícia Pupin Mandrá

    2011-06-01

    Full Text Available OBJETIVO: Caracterizar o perfil diagnóstico e o fluxo de usuários de um serviço de Fonoaudiologia de um hospital escola público. MÉTODOS: A coleta foi realizada em documentos, arquivos de prontuário, selecionados por código no período entre outubro de 2007 e março de 2009. Após o registro, os resultados foram descritos estatisticamente. RESULTADOS: Houve predomínio do gênero masculino (67,8%; em 58,95% a faixa etária estava entre 0 e 7 anos; 88,48% da população era procedente de municípios da região norte do estado de São Paulo; 43,2% vinham do serviço neurologia do hospital e 33,6% frequentavam escola. Quanto ao diagnóstico 27,5% eram de atraso de linguagem, 20,06% de distúrbios de linguagem e 15,51% de distúrbios da aprendizagem, com prevalências de 0,31, 0,17 e 0,23 casos em 273, respectivamente. As comorbidades foram: retardo do desenvolvimento neuropsicomotor (14,28% e prematuridade (8,69%. Os encaminhamentos eram para Audiologia (24,77% e Odontologia (20,18% e 51,64% dos usuários estavam em lista de espera para terapia no local. CONCLUSÃO: Prevaleceu o diagnóstico de atraso de linguagem em crianças do gênero masculino, com idade entre 0 e 6 anos e 11 meses. Foi identificado um fluxo externo proveniente de município da região e interno (ambulatorial. Parte da demanda foi absorvida pelo serviço, parte aguardava por reabilitação e uma parcela foi contra-referenciada às unidades de origem.PURPOSE: To characterize the diagnostic profile and the users flow of a Speech-Language Pathology service within a public teaching hospital. METHODS: Data were collected from documents and medical records selected by code between October 2007 and March 2009. Data were subjected to descriptive statistics. RESULTS: There was a predominance of male individuals (67.80%; 58.95% of the patients/participants were children within the age range from 0 to 7 years; 88.48% came from cities in the northern region of the state of S

  17. Infantile fibrosarcoma: Magnetic resonance imaging findings in six cases

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Canale, Sandra [Department of Radiology, Institut Gustave-Roussy, 39 rue Camille Desmoulins, 94805 Villejuif (France)], E-mail: canalesandra@yahoo.com; Vanel, Daniel [Department of Radiology, Institut Gustave-Roussy, 39 rue Camille Desmoulins, 94805 Villejuif (France); Istituti Ortopedici Rizzoli, 1/10 via di Barbiano, 40136 Bologna (Italy); Couanet, Dominique [Department of Radiology, Institut Gustave-Roussy, 39 rue Camille Desmoulins, 94805 Villejuif (France); Patte, Catherine [Department of Pediatrics, Institut Gustave-Roussy, 39 rue Camille Desmoulins, 94805 Villejuif (France); Caramella, Caroline; Dromain, Clarisse [Department of Radiology, Institut Gustave-Roussy, 39 rue Camille Desmoulins, 94805 Villejuif (France)

    2009-10-15

    Purpose: To retrospectively review magnetic resonance (MR) imaging features in a series of six infantile fibrosarcomas to find out if MR can suggest this unusual diagnosis and to highlight the value of MR during and following treatment. Materials and methods: The records of six cases of histologically proven infantile fibrosarcoma were retrieved from the files of our cancer center. All imaging data available were consensually reviewed by two radiologists. Results: There were five females and one male (age range at diagnosis, 0-12 months; mean, 6 months). The most common finding was a well-circumscribed single mass in five patients (83%). All tumors had arisen on limbs; at their proximal or distal extremity or at the root of the limb. The masses were 9 cm large in mean diameter. The initial tumor signal was isointense to muscle on T1-weighted and hyperintense on T2-weighted sequences. All masses were well circumscribed and half of them contained internal fibrous septa. The internal signal was homogeneous in three patients and heterogeneous in the three others. An intense enhancement was seen in all three contrast-enhanced exams available; heterogeneous in two cases and homogeneous in one. Osseous erosion was observed in only one patient who was the only one with distant metastasis. After treatment (chemotherapy and very limited surgery), tumors had totally disappeared, leaving muscle fat infiltration in two patients and subcutaneous fat hypertrophy in one patient. Conclusion: Although imaging findings are not specific of infantile fibrosarcoma, this diagnosis could be suggested when MR imaging depicts a large well-circumscribed mass arising in a limb at birth or during the neonatal period. This mass is sometimes heterogeneous and septate and exhibits an isointense T1- and hyperintense T2-weighted signals and strong enhancement. MR is also the technique of choice for follow-up during treatment which consists nowadays almost exclusively in chemotherapy.

  18. A randomized, controlled trial of oral propranolol in infantile hemangioma.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Léauté-Labrèze, Christine; Hoeger, Peter; Mazereeuw-Hautier, Juliette; Guibaud, Laurent; Baselga, Eulalia; Posiunas, Gintas; Phillips, Roderic J; Caceres, Hector; Lopez Gutierrez, Juan Carlos; Ballona, Rosalia; Friedlander, Sheila Fallon; Powell, Julie; Perek, Danuta; Metz, Brandie; Barbarot, Sebastien; Maruani, Annabel; Szalai, Zsuzsanna Zsofia; Krol, Alfons; Boccara, Olivia; Foelster-Holst, Regina; Febrer Bosch, Maria Isabel; Su, John; Buckova, Hana; Torrelo, Antonio; Cambazard, Frederic; Grantzow, Rainer; Wargon, Orli; Wyrzykowski, Dariusz; Roessler, Jochen; Bernabeu-Wittel, Jose; Valencia, Adriana M; Przewratil, Przemyslaw; Glick, Sharon; Pope, Elena; Birchall, Nicholas; Benjamin, Latanya; Mancini, Anthony J; Vabres, Pierre; Souteyrand, Pierre; Frieden, Ilona J; Berul, Charles I; Mehta, Cyrus R; Prey, Sorilla; Boralevi, Franck; Morgan, Caroline C; Heritier, Stephane; Delarue, Alain; Voisard, Jean-Jacques

    2015-02-19

    Oral propranolol has been used to treat complicated infantile hemangiomas, although data from randomized, controlled trials to inform its use are limited. We performed a multicenter, randomized, double-blind, adaptive, phase 2-3 trial assessing the efficacy and safety of a pediatric-specific oral propranolol solution in infants 1 to 5 months of age with proliferating infantile hemangioma requiring systemic therapy. Infants were randomly assigned to receive placebo or one of four propranolol regimens (1 or 3 mg of propranolol base per kilogram of body weight per day for 3 or 6 months). A preplanned interim analysis was conducted to identify the regimen to study for the final efficacy analysis. The primary end point was success (complete or nearly complete resolution of the target hemangioma) or failure of trial treatment at week 24, as assessed by independent, centralized, blinded evaluations of standardized photographs. Of 460 infants who underwent randomization, 456 received treatment. On the basis of an interim analysis of the first 188 patients who completed 24 weeks of trial treatment, the regimen of 3 mg of propranolol per kilogram per day for 6 months was selected for the final efficacy analysis. The frequency of successful treatment was higher with this regimen than with placebo (60% vs. 4%, P<0.001). A total of 88% of patients who received the selected propranolol regimen showed improvement by week 5, versus 5% of patients who received placebo. A total of 10% of patients in whom treatment with propranolol was successful required systemic retreatment during follow-up. Known adverse events associated with propranolol (hypoglycemia, hypotension, bradycardia, and bronchospasm) occurred infrequently, with no significant difference in frequency between the placebo group and the groups receiving propranolol. This trial showed that propranolol was effective at a dose of 3 mg per kilogram per day for 6 months in the treatment of infantile hemangioma. (Funded by

  19. A longitudinal study of epilepsy and other central nervous system diseases in individuals with and without a history of infantile autism

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Mouridsen, Svend Erik; Rich, Bente; Isager, Torben

    2011-01-01

    the nationwide Danish National Hospital Register (DNHR). The average observation time was 30.3years (range 27-30years), and mean age at follow-up was 42.7years (range 27-57years). Results: Of the 118 individuals with IA, 29 (24.6%) were registered with at least one epilepsy diagnosis against 5 (1......Objective: To compare the prevalence and types of epilepsy and other central nervous system (CNS) diseases in a clinical sample of 118 individuals diagnosed as children with infantile autism (IA) with 336 matched controls from the general population. Methods: All participants were screened through...

  20. Maltrato infantil: normatividad y psicología forense

    OpenAIRE

    Gerardo A. Hernández M.; Ángela C. Tapias S.

    2010-01-01

    El presente trabajo documental, de carácter pedagógico, está dirigido a profesionales que trabajen con casos de maltrato infantil. Introduce al lector sobre la normatividad y las instituciones que se encargan de la protección y atención al menor maltratado, además de los instrumentos de evaluación psicológica forense utilizados. Se presenta el aporte de la psicología jurídica para probar el daño psicológico. Finalmente, se propone como plan de acción recurrir a mecanismos alternativos, menos ...

  1. Plan de negocio de una escuela infantil (primer ciclo)

    OpenAIRE

    San Román Gómez, Ana de

    2014-01-01

    El presente documento establece los pasos a seguir para poner en marcha una escuela infantil en el barrio de Butarque, en Madrid. En un primer lugar se han realizado diversos estudios, tanto sobre el sector como sobre el área geográfica, ya que se partía de una situación de absoluto desconocimiento. En el análisis del sector se ha puesto de manifiesto que las competencias en educación en España están reguladas por el Ministerio en primera instancia, pero las Autonomías tienen también una g...

  2. El discurso peritextual en el libro ilustrado infantil y juvenil

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Elena Consejo Pano

    2014-12-01

    Full Text Available El presente artículo es fruto de una reflexión sobre la evolución del libro ilustrado infantil y juvenil como objeto en sí mismo, un objeto que traspasa límites y se reinventa día tras día. Nos centramos en cómo autores y editores trasgreden estándares y quiebran normas editoriales y de encuadernación consideradas inamovibles por la tradición, transformando los peritextos (Genette, 2001 en piezas clave en el juego de la reconstrucción de sentidos.

  3. Impacto del Plan Nacer sobre la mortalidad infantil en Argentina

    OpenAIRE

    Garriga, Santiago

    2012-01-01

    El Plan Nacer es un programa del Ministerio de Salud de la Nación Argentina que invierte recursos con el objetivo de mejorar la cobertura y calidad de los servicios de salud en niños menores de seis años, mujeres embarazadas y puérperas que no poseen obra social. La novedad del mismo radica en la generación de un seguro público de salud para la población materno-infantil sin cobertura social y en la aplicación de un modelo de financiamiento basado en resultados. Este trabajo investiga los efe...

  4. Diffusion, Perfusion, and Histopathologic Characteristics of Desmoplastic Infantile Ganglioglioma.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ho, Chang Y; Gener, Melissa; Bonnin, Jose; Kralik, Stephen F

    2016-07-01

    We present a case series of a rare tumor, the desmoplastic infantile ganglioglioma (DIG) with MRI diffusion and perfusion imaging quantification as well as histopathologic characterization. Four cases with pathologically-proven DIG had diffusion weighted imaging (DWI) and two of the four had dynamic susceptibility contrast imaging. All four tumors demonstrate DWI findings compatible with low-grade pediatric tumors. For the two cases with perfusion imaging, a higher relative cerebral blood volume was associated with higher proliferation index on histopathology for one of the cases. Our results are discussed in conjunction with a literature review.

  5. Los refuerzos positivos en el aula de infantil

    OpenAIRE

    Martínez Álvarez, Elena

    2013-01-01

    Este estudio ha sido realizado con el fin de analizar si el refuerzo positivo es un medio adecuado, o no para producir un mejor ambiente de trabajo en el aula de infantil, y si puede producir mejores resultados académicos, es decir, si puede mejorar el proceso de enseñanza – aprendizaje. Para poder contestar a esta cuestión vamos a analizar determinadas teorías e hipótesis relacionadas con este tema. Además vamos a poner en práctica una serie de actividades prácticas relacionadas con este ...

  6. Effectiveness of propanolol for treatment of infantile haemangioma

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Andersen, Ida Gillberg; Rechnitzer, Catherine; Charabi, Birgitte

    2014-01-01

    INTRODUCTION: Infantile haemangiomas (IH) are the most common benign tumours in children. They are characterised by rapid growth during the first year of life followed by spontaneous regression during childhood. Indications for treatment are functional impairment, bleeding/ulceration, rapid growth...... and severe aesthetic risk. Recently, systemic treatment with propranolol has become the first-line therapy. The objective of this study was to assess the efficacy of propranolol in the treatment of IH and to investigate whether treatment with a low dose of 1 mg/kg/day was sufficient. MATERIAL AND METHODS...... large residual changes. FUNDING: not relevant. TRIAL REGISTRATION: not relevant....

  7. Neonatal and infantile erythroderma: ′The red baby′

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sarkar Rashmi

    2006-01-01

    Full Text Available Neonatal and infantile erythroderma or "the red baby" is a rare condition. It can be potentially life-threatening and requires urgent attention of the dermatologists. The causes of erythroderma in this age group are different from that in adults and distinctive, but maybe difficult to establish due to poor specificity of clinical and laboratory findings. Careful monitoring and management of the patient may improve the final outcome. In this review, the various causes of "the red baby" is discussed along with its prognosis and management.

  8. La salud emocional en Educación Infantil

    OpenAIRE

    García Gómez, Sandra

    2015-01-01

    En este trabajo se presenta una propuesta para trabajar las emociones en educación infantil, persiguiendo de esta forma lograr una correcta salud emocional que ayude a los niños y niñas a prevenir futuros problemas derivados de las emociones. En la propuesta que se plantea se introducen técnicas diferentes con las que se otorga a los alumnos y alumnas unas capacidades emocionales para que posean un control sobre sus emociones y sepan establecer unos límites a sus sentimientos. Grado en Edu...

  9. Congenital infantile myofibroma causing intrauterine death in a twin

    Science.gov (United States)

    Aye, Christina Yi Ling; Gould, Steve; Akinsola, S Adeyemi

    2011-01-01

    While infantile myofibromatosis is the most common mesenchymal tumour of infancy, only around 300 cases have been reported. The authors report a 33-year-old para 1 with an uncomplicated, dichorionic diamniotic twin pregnancy who was diagnosed with an intrauterine death of one twin at 36+5 weeks gestation. At caesarean section, a macerated male stillborn weighing 2.72 kg was delivered. Postmortem examination revealed a pedunculated lesion attached to the left shoulder and underlying muscle consistent with a congenital myofibroma. The cause of death was postulated to be haemorrhage from the tumour surface causing fetal anaemia. PMID:22674951

  10. Infantile hydrocephalus: a review of epidemiology, classification and causes

    Science.gov (United States)

    Tully, Hannah M; Dobyns, William B

    2015-01-01

    Hydrocephalus is a common but complex condition caused by physical or functional obstruction of CSF flow that leads to progressive ventricular dilatation. Though hydrocephalus was recently estimated to affect 1.1 in 1,000 infants, there have been few systematic assessments of the causes of hydrocephalus in this age group, which makes it a challenging condition to approach as a scientist or as a clinician. Here, we review contemporary literature on the epidemiology, classification and pathogenesis of infantile hydrocephalus. We describe the major environmental and genetic causes of hydrocephalus, with the goal of providing a framework to assess infants with hydrocephalus and guide future research. PMID:24932902

  11. El diagnóstico positivo de autismo infantil

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Juana Velázquez Argota

    1996-08-01

    Full Text Available Se revisan los límites del síndrome autístico y la evolución del concepto de autismo infantil desde Kanner hasta las clasificaciones psiquiátricas más recientes. Se informan los resultados de nuestras investigaciones en el diagnóstico positivo del autismo infantil. La anamnesis remota es de poco valor, más relevantes para el diagnóstico constituyen el examen del paciente en el presente y las escalas de cuantificación del autismo (las cuales son de utilidad en el diagnóstico diferencial entre el trastorno autístico tipo Kanner y los trastornos autísticos atípicos. Las pruebas de inteligencia standard se deben aplicar según el nivel de funcionamiento del paciente y si no clasificara es más bien por el bajo cociente de inteligencia que por su comportamiento autístico. El clínico debería tener presente la posibilidad del diagnóstico de autismo cuando examina niños pequeños con problemas de desarrollo y utilizar escalas de síntomas autísticos adecuados a los primeros años de vida. Se recomienda el uso de la prueba de Bo Olsson en el diagnóstico diferencial de autismo de Kanner, síndrome de Rett y daño cerebral temprano en la etapa preescolar.The limits of the austistic syndrome as well as the evolution of the infantile autism concept since Kanner to the latest psychiatric classifications are reviewed. The results of our research on the positive diagnosis of infantile autism are reported. The patient's medical examination and the autism quantification scales (useful for the diferential diagnosis between the Kanner type autistic disorder and the atypical autistic disorders are more important for the diagnosis than the remote anamnesis, which is of little value. The standard intelligence test should be applied according to the patients functioning level and if he would not classify it would be because of his low intelligence quotient and not because of his autistic behaviour. The clinician should take into account the

  12. Short term effect of vigabatrin in infantile spasms

    OpenAIRE

    Pozo Alonso, Albia J.; Pozo Lauzán, Desiderio; Cordero López, Girelda

    2007-01-01

    El objetivo de este trabajo fue valorar el efecto a corto plazo de la vigabatrina en 18 pacientes con el diagnóstico de espasmos infantiles. Trece pacientes fueron tratados en monoterapia, y 6 de ellos de primera intención. La dosis máxima promedio utilizada de vigabatrina fue de 130 mg/ (kg∙día) (rango de 75 a 170 mg/ [kg∙día]). Los espasmos epilépticos cesaron en el 44,4 % de los casos a los 18,4 días como promedio tras el inicio del tratamiento con vigabatrina (rango de 3 a 43 ...

  13. Trabajo infantil y problemas del comportamiento en menores trabajadores

    OpenAIRE

    Cardenas Ramirez, Luz Stella

    2016-01-01

    Objetivo: Identificar la relación de los factores de riesgo ocupacional del trabajo infantil con los problemas de comportamiento en menores de edad trabajadores de una plaza de mercado en Colombia Materiales y métodos: Se realizó un estudio de corte transversal con 100 niños trabajadores de la plaza de Mercaneiva. Se aplicó un cuestionario para evaluar los factores ocupacionales en la población, evaluando aspectos sociodemográficos y condiciones laborales; para establecer la prevalencia d...

  14. Lenguaje infantil y educación verbal

    OpenAIRE

    Fernández Pérez, Milagros

    2013-01-01

    Comunicación presentada en: "V Congreso Mundial de Educación Infantil y Formación de Educadores. Antequera, 31 de octubre, 1 y 2 de noviembre de 2013, en Antequera" El trabajo subraya la importancia de contemplar el desarrollo lingüístico en sus procesos y etapas, y la necesidad de acomodar la educación verbal a las etapas evolutivas Ministerio de Ciencia y Tecnología (HUM 2007-66074-CO2-01/FILO) Xunta de Galicia. Consellería de Economía e Industria. Dirección xeral de Investigación, De...

  15. Crecimiento y estado nutricional infantil en San Salvador de Jujuy

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Bejarano, Ignacio

    2001-01-01

    Full Text Available La recolección de datos antropométricos dentro de un programa de asistencia sanitaria y alimentaria permite definir el estado nutricional y de salud de los individuos y en base a esta información planificar, ejecutar y valorar la incidencia de dicho programa en la población. El objetivo de este trabajo fue evaluar el crecimiento y estado nutricional de una población infantil (1-5 años residente en barrios periféricos de San Salvador de Jujuy y comprendida en el Programa Materno Infantil (PROMIN. Los datos procedieron de mediciones de peso (kg y talla (cm realizadas en 4616 niños, los que se agruparon por sexo y edad decimal. Los indicadores utilizados fueron: peso, talla, puntuación z (Pz, índice de masa corporal (IMC. Los resultados indicaron que: 1 la mayoría de la población se encontró entre 2z: 98,9% para talla/edad (T/E y 96.6% para peso/edad (P/E (estándar nacional; 99.4% para T/E y 97.7% para P/E (estándar internacional; 2 los valores promedios del IMC en todos los grupos de edad y en ambos sexos, fueron superiores a los de referencia, resultando estas diferencias estadísticamente significativas (p<0.01. Se concluye que el crecimiento y el estado nutricional de esta población se ajusta al de las poblaciones de referencia nacional e internacional y que, probablemente este comportamiento, el cual no refleja la situación general del resto de las poblaciones infantiles de la Provincia de Jujuy, responda al efecto de la asistencia alimentaria, médica y sanitaria ofrecida por el PROMIN y a las características socioeconómicas, demográficas y culturales propias de esta población infantil.

  16. El timerosal y las enfermedades del neurodesarrollo infantil

    OpenAIRE

    Luis Maya; Flora Luna

    2006-01-01

    Se evalúa la relación causal entre el timerosal (etilmercurio), como preservante en las vacunas pediátricas, y el incremento de casos de enfermedades del neurodesarrollo infantil, como consecuencia de la ampliación de los esquemas de inmunización. Se revisó la información científica, relacionando el timerosal y las evidencias que permitan evaluar una posible asociación causal, con estudios epidemiológicos, ecológicos, biomoleculares y toxicológicos, de bioseguridad, toxicológicos fetales y so...

  17. Un acercamiento al cuento infantil desde la perspectiva de género. Estereotipos en el cuento infantil

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Nuria Méndez-Garita

    2004-12-01

    Full Text Available ¿Cuáles son los papeles que desempeñan cada una de las mujeres que son parte de la sociedad? ¿Cómo exige un hombre que se comporte una mujer? ¿Habrán cambiado los estereotipos femeninos y masculinos que muy claramente nos presentan los cuentos? ¿Seguimos propiciando como personas los estereotipos? ¿Se está dando la inversión tanto en los cuentos como en nuestras vidas? A partir de mito griego de la Medusa, se introduce el tema del género y la literatura, sobre todo en aquella que se reconoce como literatura infantil. Desde la perspectiva de género, se pueden tratar diferentes tópicos, en este caso, el artículo se centra en los estereotipos y confrontan los que se derivan de la mujer ángel y la mujer demonio. A lo largo de la historia, la elaboración del mundo simbólico, del significado y del sentido han estado en las mentes de los varones, los que han configurado una representación del mundo a su imagen y semejanza. Son ellos el prototipo, patrón y medida de lo existente. En los cuentos infantiles podemos ver claramente los estereotipos impuestos por la cultura patriarcal; pero también, cómo algunos de ellos son capaces de subvertir el orden establecido. Lo más importante es que la lectura de cuentos infantiles y de la literatura en general, sirve para movernos y conmovernos como lectores; para que nos marque, porque nos interpela.

  18. Diffuse brain calcification after radiation therapy in infantile cerebral malignant glioma

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Hondo, Hiroaki; Tanaka, Ryuichi; Yamada, Nobuhisa; Takeda, Norio

    1987-01-01

    We reported a case of infantile cerebral malignant glioma, which showed extensive intracranial calcification following radiation therapy, and reviewed the literature. A 4-month-old female infant was admitted to our hospital because of vomiting, enlargement of the head and convulsive seizures. Computerized tomography (CT) scans demonstrated a heterogeneously contrast-enhanced mass in the right temporo-parieto-occipital region and marked obstructive hydrocephalus. Subsequent to ventriculo-peritoneal shunt, biopsy was performed. The surgical specimen revealed anaplastic glioma. She then underwent whole brain irradiation with 1800 rads before subtotal removal and 3000 rads postoperatively. Calcification was first identified in the right frontal region and left basal ganglia 2.5 months after radiation therapy. At the age of 14 months, CT scans demonstrated extensive intracranial calcification in the cerebral hemispheres, basal ganglias, thalami, pons and cerebellum. A biopsy specimen of the frontal lobe revealed calcospherites of various sizes within and beside the walls of small vessels, but no tumor cells were observed. Cranial radiation therapy is a standard modality for treatment of children with neoplasm in the central nervous system. Since, however this therapy possibly causes long-term complications on the developing brain, it is important to plan radiation therapy for the brain tumor carefully. (author)

  19. Optimal diagnostic strategy for infantile cholestasis in pediatric surgery

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Kato, Hisataka; Fumino, Shigehisa; Furukawa, Taizo; Ono, Shigeru; Kimura, Osamu; Deguchi, Eiichi; Iwai, Naomi

    2011-01-01

    The initial goal in treatment for infantile cholestasis is to exclude surgical cholestasis, especially biliary atresia (BA). In this study, we retrospectively reviewed the diagnostic course of infantile cholestasis. Between 2000 and 2009, a total of 44 infants with cholestasis were referred to our department. The median age at admission was 54 days (range: 0-143 days). The medical charts of these infants were reviewed. The initial diagnostic approach was ultrasonography followed by the qualitative detection of bilirubin in stool. The 35 infants with acholic stool and/or a small or absent gallbladder on ultrasonography were subsequently examined by hepatobiliary scintigraphy (HBS). Twenty-nine infants with negative scintigraphy findings underwent intraoperative cholangiography (lOC), and BA was finally confirmed in 24 of 44. A choledochal cyst was noted in 2, Alagille syndrome in 2, cytomegalovirus infection in 2, panhypopituitarism in 2, multiple hemangiomas of the liver in 1, and cholecystolithiasis in 1. The remaining 10 infants were diagnosed as having neonatal hepatitis. The sensitivity and specificity of HBS for BA were 100% and 54.5%, respectively. HBS is a useful modality for detection of BA with a sensitivity of 100%. The indication for IOC should depend on these scan results. (author)

  20. La trata de personas en la modalidad de trabajo infantil

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    Angélica García Marbella

    2017-01-01

    Full Text Available En este trabajo se describen las causas y el proceso evolutivo del trabajo infantil en México; sin embargo, en la exposición se retoman elementos que identifican el problema en el contexto mundial. En ese sentido, se destaca que durante algún tiempo el quehacer de los infantes en el mercado de trabajo era considerado como un medio para que aprendieran determinado oficio, así como que dicha connotación no ha dejado de existir, pero ahora coexiste con otras tendencias asociadas a la delincuencia organizada, tales como prostitución, pornografía y turismo infantil; es decir, con actividades vinculadas estrechamente con la trata de personas. La pretensión es evidenciar el problema y las principales prácticas de quienes llevan a cabo dicho comportamiento; por lo que hubo necesidad de recurrir a la aplicación de una entrevista focalizada, basada en ocho informantes, con la finalidad de conocer la percepción de personas involucradas en dicha problemática. Al final del trabajo, lo observado es que la problemática en cuestión sigue creciendo en México; situación que es corroborada por los datos que aportan diversas instituciones, que señalan que en la actualidad este país ocupa el primer lugar en dicho comportamiento.

  1. El desarrollo de la marcha infantil como proceso de aprendizaje

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Patricia Martín Casas

    2014-06-01

    Full Text Available El desarrollo de la marcha infantil es un proceso especialmente complejo en que el intervienen factores motores, perceptivos y cognitivos. Desde el nacimiento, el niño integra la información recibida y realiza un progresivo control cortical sobre los patrones neuromotores innatos para desarrollar diferentes formas de locomoción hasta la marcha independiente. Estas ideas no son novedosas pero se están revisando en la actualidad y han motivado numerosos cambios en el estudio del desarrollo infantil. La consideración de la adquisición de la marcha como un aprendizaje en situaciones de constante cambio permite comprender la marcha como acción, cuya realización implica la adquisición de nuevas capacidades de interacción y conocimientos. En este trabajo se exponen los principales conocimientos acerca de este proceso de aprendizaje y se propone destacar las alteraciones de la marcha como indicadores de dificultades en el desarrollo, que requieren una valoración y un abordaje terapéutico interdisciplinares.

  2. Interacciones vinculares en el sistema de cuidado infantil

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    María Teresa Moreno - Zavaleta

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available El estudio identifica y analiza las interacciones vinculares existentes en el sistema de cuidado infantil de niños con y sin desnutrición crónica en un mismo contexto de pobreza. Este es un estudio multimétodo, basado en información de campo recopilada y en una construcción teórica que emergió a partir de los resultados obtenidos, ampliando el marco conceptual de la desnutrición infantil. La constelación y gestión del cuidado son dos categorías emergentes, que contribuyen a comprender que en los diferentes escenarios donde transitan los niños hay diversos cuidadores que varían en calidad, permanencia y coherencia repercutiendo esta situación en su estado nutricional. Si bien las mujeres se constituyen en las gestoras principales del cuidado, no son ellas las únicas responsables del cuidado y por ello se recomienda fortalecer las redes de apoyo familiar y comunitario.

  3. Nascidos para comprar: notas sobre o consumismo infantil

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ana Augusta Ferreira de Freitas

    2015-10-01

    Full Text Available http://dx.doi.org/10.5007/1980-4512.2015n31p210 O objetivo desse trabalho é analisar os fatores que levam o público infantil a buscar, precocemente, serviços estéticos oferecidos em salões de beleza. Uma pesquisa de campo foi conduzida junto a seis díades de mães com suas respectivas filhas. Como estratégia de pesquisa, uma narrativa ficcional foi conduzida com as crianças; enquanto entrevistas foram usadas com as mães. Como resultado, observou-se que vários estímulos levam as crianças a consumirem serviços estéticos. Entre estes, a referência materna, as influências de familiares, amigos da escola e da mídia, através da televisão e internet. De forma secundária, foi registrado que os serviços mais desejados e consumidos pelo público infantil foram os de manicure e cabelereiro. Em termos de papeis, as mães adquirem o serviço, e dividem com suas filhas o papel de decisão, ao determinarem, juntas, como o consumo acontecerá.

  4. CT and MR imaging characteristics of infantile hepatic hemangioendothelioma

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Feng Shiting; Chan Tao; Ching, A.S.C.; Sun Canhui; Guo Huanyi; Fan Miao; Meng Quanfei; Li Ziping

    2010-01-01

    Aim: This study aims to analyze computed tomography (CT) and magnetic resonance (MR) imaging features of infantile hepatic hemangioendotheliomas before and after treatment. Materials and methods: CT and MR examinations of seven infants with biopsy proven hepatic hemangioendotheliomas were retrospectively analyzed. The distribution, number, size, imaging appearance, enhancement pattern and post-treatment changes of the tumors were evaluated. Results: A total of 153 hepatic hemangioendotheliomas were detected on CT (111) and MR (42) imaging. In six infants, 109/111 (98.2%) tumors were hypodense and 2/111 (1.8%) lesions contained calcification on unenhanced CT. On MR imaging, all 42 lesions in one infant were heterogeneously T1-hypointense and T2-hyperintense compared to the normal liver parenchyma. Contrast-enhanced CT and MRI showed peripheral rim (51.6%), uniform (48.4%), fibrillary (33.3%), and nodular (28.8%) contrast enhancement in the hepatic arterial phase. Homogeneous (100%), rim (98.2%) and mixed enhancement patterns were noted in tumors 2.0 cm and 1.0-2.0 cm in diameter respectively in the hepatic arterial phase. In three patients who underwent steroid therapy, follow-up CT examination demonstrated tumor size reduction and increased intra-tumoral calcification in two patients. Conclusion: Infantile hepatic hemangioendotheliomas show some typical imaging features and size-dependent pattern of contrast enhancement on CT and MR imaging, which allow accurate imaging diagnosis and post-treatment evaluation.

  5. Infantile holocord cellular ependymoma with communicating hydrocephalus: unusual presentation of a rare case.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Aryan, Saritha; Ghosal, Nandita; Aziz, Zarina A; Hegde, A S; Dadlani, Ravi

    2014-01-01

    We present a case of infantile holocord ependymoma in a 4-month-old boy who presented with infection of ventriculoperitoneal shunt done elsewhere for a communicating hydrocephalus. On magnetic resonance imaging, a diffuse holocord T2-hyperintense, T1-hypointense intramedullary bulky lesion with syringomyelia in the cervical level was seen. To the best of our knowledge, this is the first case of infantile holocord ependymoma. As the extent of morbidity associated with a spinal cord tumor is high, an increased level of suspicion and the need for a complete spinal cord screening in a case of infantile hydrocephalus without obvious clinical and radiological evidence of intracranial abnormality is emphasized.

  6. Lógico matemática y psicomotricidad en Educación Infantil

    OpenAIRE

    Carrera Alonso, Ana

    2015-01-01

    El presente trabajo tiene dos partes diferenciadas: una primera, sobre la investigación entre los nexos o solapamientos que unen la psicomotricidad y la lógico-matemática en educación infantil y, otra fase, es una propuesta de intervención en el aula para desarrollar la lógica-matemática y la psicomotricidad en el tercer curso del segundo ciclo de la Educación Infantil. Además se añaden una serie de conclusiones y reflexiones sobre lo anteriormente señalado. Grado en Educación Infantil...

  7. Estudio sobre las consecuencias del maltrato infantil en el desarrollo del lenguaje

    OpenAIRE

    Moreno Manso, Juan Manuel

    2005-01-01

    Con el estudio sobre las consecuencias del maltrato infantil en el desarrollo del lenguaje, intentamos determinar si los malos tratos a la infancia ocasionan repercusiones en dicha área y si existen repercusiones lingüísticas diferenciales según el tipo de maltrato infantil que sufre el niño. Para ello, analizamos muestras de maltrato infantil tales como el abandono físico, abandono emocional, maltrato físico y maltrato emocional. Reflejamos los resultados de la aplicación de las Escalas McCa...

  8. Factores de riesgo del maltrato y abandono infantil desde una perspectiva multicausal

    OpenAIRE

    González-Muriel López, Cristina

    1996-01-01

    RESUMEN: En este artículo se expone la evolución de los diferentes modelos que han tratado de ofrecer una explicación del maltrato y abandono infantil, modelos que en un principio se basaban en una perspectiva unicausal. Actualmente, el maltrato infantil se encuadra en un marco teórico multicausal; desde este enfoque, se proporciona un análisis de aquellos factores ambientales, familiares e individuales, que se consideran importantes en la explicación del maltrato y abandono infantil intrafam...

  9. El maltrato y el abuso infantil: una propuesta de intervención

    OpenAIRE

    Martín-Jimeno, Arantzazu

    2014-01-01

    El presente trabajo de fin de grado versa sobre el maltrato infantil y el abuso sexual en especial, realizando una propuesta de intervención para su prevención en segundo ciclo de Educación Infantil. En la primera parte se realiza un recorrido teórico por los conceptos más significativos, como la definición, tipología, factores de riesgo y protectores, efectos y situación del maltrato infantil y del abuso sexual en particular. En la segunda parte se presenta una propuesta de in...

  10. Intervención de educación intercultural en educación infantil

    OpenAIRE

    López Pastor, Claudia

    2012-01-01

    Este trabajo abarca el tema de la interculturalidad, y más concretamente la interculturalidad en infantil. Para llevar a cabo esta propuesta he realizado una serie de actividades relacionadas con el juego para que sean trabajadas con los niños y las niñas de educación infantil de cinco y seis años. Todo ello ha sido diseñado basándome en un marco teórico que recoge ideas y conocimientos de diferentes autores. Grado en Educación Infantil

  11. IL RUOLO DELLA FORMAZIONE NELLA PROMOZIONE DELLA LINGUA E DELLA CULTURA ITALIANA. INTERVISTA AL PROFESSOR ROBERTO GRECI, PRESIDE DELLA FACOLTÀ DI LETTERE E FILOSOFIA DELL’UNIVERSITÀ DI PARMA

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Valentina Zenoni

    2011-07-01

    Full Text Available La formazione rappresenta uno strumento basilare nella promozione della lingua e della cultura italiana. L’argomento è articolato e complesso perché abbraccia diverse questioni. Da un lato va sostenuto l’utilizzo di mezzi adeguati, come quello telematico, che favoriscono e facilitano la diffusione all’estero. Dall’altro la proposta didattica di università e scuole deve essere riorganizzata alla luce delle nuove esigenze formative. Il ruolo degli atenei italiani potrebbe diventare più incisivo se si adeguassero maggiormente agli standard esteri, in modo da favorire la circolazione di studenti anche verso e non soltanto dall’Italia. Per quanto riguarda, invece, il tipo di formazione da sostenere, va riqualificata quella umanistica e tradizionale, non perché rappresenti la cultura nella sua totalità ma perché costituisce un patrimonio che caratterizza il nostro paese e non deve andare perso. Abbiamo parlato di queste tematiche con il Professor Roberto Greci, Preside della Facoltà di Lettere e Filosofia dell’Università di Parma e Presidente del Consiglio scientifico e didattico del Consorzio Interuniversitario ICoN, Italian Culture On the Net.     The role of training in the promotion of Italian language and culture. An interview with Professor Roberto Greci, Dean of the Literature and Philosophy Faculty at the University of Parma   Training represents a basic tool in promoting Italian language and culture.  The topic is complex because it encompasses diverse issues.  On the one hand appropriate means are needed, like telematic resources, which encourage and facilitate spreading abroad.  On the other, university and school courses need to be reorganized in light of the new training needs.  The role of Italian universities could to be stronger if they met foreign standards, to promote the circulation of students towards and not just away from Italy.  As far as regards the type of training to be undertaken, the humanistic

  12. Hospitals; hospitals13

    Data.gov (United States)

    University of Rhode Island Geospatial Extension Program — Hospital Facilities information was compiled from several various sources. Main source was the RI Department of Health Facilities Regulation database, License 2000....

  13. Perfil de actividad durante el juego en futbolistas infantiles

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    José C. Barbero Álvarez

    2007-12-01

    Full Text Available En fútbol, el patrón de actividad de jugadores adultos, tanto masculinos como femeninos, ha sido ampliamente estudiado, pero son escasos los estudios que han centrado su atención en el análisis de los desplazamientos de los jugadores de categorías infantiles. Un mayor conocimiento de las demandas de este deporte en las etapas iniciales permitiría la confección de programas de entrenamiento más acordes con las características de los chicos de estas edades. El objetivo del presente estudio fue cuantificar de los desplazamientos en jugadores de fútbol de categoría infantil (12,2 ± 0,6 años; 156 ± 0,8 cm y 51 ± 5,2 kg que pertenecían a la selección de la ciudad autónoma de Melilla, mediante la aplicación de dispositivos basados en tecnología GPS. Los resultados obtenidos certifican que el fútbol infantil es una especialidad deportiva intermitente en la que se intercalan actividades de alta intensidad con situaciones del juego que permiten que el jugador recupere estando parado, andando o con una velocidad de carrera muy baja. La tasa trabajo-descanso fue de 1:3,5 y la distancia media recorrida por minuto fue aproximadamente de 100 m. Esta distancia varía disminuyendo de forma lineal conforme transcurre el partido, existiendo diferencias significativas entre el inicio y el final del juego, lo que indicaría la aparición de la fatiga. Los esfuerzos de alta intensidad que se realizan implican el 6,1% del tiempo de juego y el 16,3 % de la distancia recorrida, efectuando un sprint máximo de entre 10 y 15 m de media, cada 141 segundos. La aplicación de tareas que reproduzcan la intensidad del juego durante cortos periodos de tiempo (no superiores a 10 minutos aseguraría una elevada intensidad de trabajo durante los entrenamientos.

  14. Fatores determinantes do crescimento infantil Determinant factors of infant growth

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sylvia de Azevedo Mello Romani

    2004-03-01

    Full Text Available Esta revisão enfoca os fatores que interferem no crescimento de crianças nos primeiros anos de vida. Foram utilizadas informações de artigos publicados em revistas científicas, teses e publicações de organizações internacionais. O crescimento infantil se constitui em um dos melhores indicadores de saúde da criança e o retardo estatural representa atualmente, a característica antropométrica mais representativa do quadro epidemiológico da desnutrição no Brasil. Ressaltando a importância do fator genético no crescimento, a revisão abrange com maior ênfase a atuação dos fatores extrínsecos, sabendo-se que o processo de crescimento resulta da interação entre a carga genética e os fatores do meio ambiente, os quais premitirão a maior ou menor expressão do potencial genético. Face a comprovada natureza multicausal do crescimento infantil, vários estudos têm sido desenvolvidos, buscando relacionar variáveis biológicas, socioeconômicas, maternas, ambientais, culturais, demográficas, nutricionais, entre outras, com a sua etiologia, seu desenvolvimento e sua manutenção. A revisão apresentada reforça o interesse em investigações sobre o crescimento na primeira infância que devem ser permanentes, devido, principalmente, às repercussões a longo prazo sobre a saúde infantil.This review focuses on factors interfering with growth during the first years of life. Information was collected from articles published in indexed scientific journals, theses, technical books and publications of international organizations. Infant growth is one of the best health indicators, and linear growth retardation is currently the most representative anthropometric characteristic of child nutrition epidemiology in Brazil. The review indicates the value of genetics in growth, focusing, however on the influence of the extrinsic factors. Growth process results from interaction between genetic and environmental factors, determining variation

  15. de nutrición infantil 2001-2002.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Lucía Díez-Gañán

    2007-01-01

    Full Text Available Fundamento: Para conocer la situación alimentaria y nutricional en la población infantil, sobre la que no existía información actualizada, el Instituto de Salud Pública desarrolló la Encuesta de Nutrición Infantil de la Comunidad de Madrid 2001/2002 (ENICM. En este trabajo se analiza la ENICM para describir y evaluar la ingesta de alimentos, energía y nutrientes en esta población. Métodos: Estudio transversal sobre una muestra representativa de la población de 5-12 años de la Comunidad de Madrid. La información alimentaria se recogió en 2001 y 2002 mediante dos recuerdos de 24 horas. Se ha estudiado la ingesta total diaria de alimentos, energía y nutrientes. Los análisis incluyen los 1.852 niños con información completa en los dos recuerdos (90,8% de las entrevistas realizadas. Resultados: La ingesta media total diaria de alimentos es 1.460,7 gramos/persona/día. Salvo para los lácteos, huevos y aceites, la ingesta en los grupos alimentarios básicos es inadecuada, particularmente baja en las frutas frescas, verduras y hortalizas. La ingesta media energética y nutricional resultante es 1.905,9 kcal/persona/día; 43,6% hidratos de carbono; 17,4% proteínas, 39,0% lípidos (13,3% grasas saturadas, 16,8% monoinsaturadas, 5,0% poliinsaturadas; 363,8 mg de colesterol; 13,6 g de fibra e ingestas por debajo de las recomendadas de zinc, ácido fólico, vitaminas D y E (ambos sexos y hierro y vitamina B6 (niñas. Conclusiones: La dieta de la población infantil de la Comunidad de Madrid presenta desequilibrios que es necesario mejorar: ingesta inadecuada de alimentos básicos, exceso de proteínas, grasas saturadas y colesterol y déficit de hidratos de carbono, fibra y algunos micronutrientes.

  16. Son Excellence Madame Elisabeth Laurin Ambassadeur Représentant permanent de la France auprès de l’Office des Nations Unies et des autres organisations internationales en Suisse République française Son Excellence Monsieur Roberto Balzaretti Ambassadeur Directeur

    CERN Multimedia

    AUTHOR|(CDS)2099575

    2016-01-01

    Son Excellence Madame Elisabeth Laurin Ambassadeur Représentant permanent de la France auprès de l’Office des Nations Unies et des autres organisations internationales en Suisse République française Son Excellence Monsieur Roberto Balzaretti Ambassadeur Directeur,

  17. Infantile Refsum disease: an inherited peroxisomal disorder. Comparison with Zellweger syndrome and neonatal adrenoleukodystrophy

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Poll-The, B. T.; Saudubray, J. M.; Ogier, H. A.; Odièvre, M.; Scotto, J. M.; Monnens, L.; Govaerts, L. C.; Roels, F.; Cornelis, A.; Schutgens, R. B.

    1987-01-01

    Three patients affected by infantile Refsum disease are described with mental retardation, minor facial dysmorphia, chorioretinopathy, sensorineural hearing deficit, hepatomegaly, failure to thrive and hypocholesterolaemia. Initially, only an accumulation of phytanic acid was thought to be present.

  18. Regional differences in fiber tractography predict neurodevelopmental outcomes in neonates with infantile Krabbe disease

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    A. Gupta

    2015-01-01

    Interpretation: Neonatal microstructural abnormalities correlate with neurodevelopmental treatment outcomes in patients treated for infantile Krabbe disease. DTI with quantitative tractography is an excellent biomarker for evaluating infants with Krabbe disease identified through newborn screening.

  19. Body mass index in male and female children with infantile autism

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Mouridsen, Svend Erik; Rich, Bente; Isager, Torben

    2002-01-01

    was to evaluate body mass index (BMI) of children with infantile autism, by comparing the BMI of 117 children with infantile autism with the corresponding BMI percentiles in an age- and sex-matched reference population. The BMI distribution of the male, but not female, children with infantile autism...... was significantly lower than that of the age-matched reference population. There was no evidence that BMI was associated with intelligence or socioeconomic status among children with infantile autism.......Morphometry, the measurement of forms, is an ancient practice. Recently, evidence has grown to support the notion that aberrant neurodevelopment may play a role in the pathophysiology of autism. Is the body, like the brain, affected by abnormal development in these patients? The aim of this study...

  20. Infantile myofibroma of the zygomatoco-maxillo-orbital complex: Case report with spontaneous regression

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    K. Arab

    2016-12-01

    Conclusion: Radiologically aggressive infantile myofibroma has been previously treated by surgical intervention. In this case report there was a significant spontaneous regression. Conservative treatment and follow-up may be an appropriate alternative.

  1. A case of infantile osteopetrosis: The radioclinical features with literature update

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Tamer Ahmed EL-Sobky

    2016-06-01

    Conclusion: Although tremendous advances have been made in the elucidation of the genetic defect of osteopetrosis over the past years, the role of accurate clinical and radiological assessment remains an important contributor to the diagnosis of infantile osteopetrosis.

  2. Infantile neuroaxonal dystrophy: neuroradiological studies in 11 patients

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Farina, L.; Bruzzone, M.G.; D`Incerti, L.; Savoiardo, M. [Department of Neuroradiology, Istituto Nazionale Neurologico C. Besta, Milan (Italy); Nardocci, N.; Zorzi, G. [Department of Child Neurology, Istituto Nazionale Neurologico C. Besta, Milan (Italy); Verga, L.; Morbin, M. [Department of Neuropathology, Istituto Nazionale, Neurologico C. Besta, Milan (Italy)

    1999-05-01

    We report the imaging findings in 11 patients with infantile neuroaxonal dystrophy. Ten patients underwent 15 MRI examinations; one patient had only CT. Of the ten patients who underwent MRI, eight had cerebellar atrophy and mildly increased signal from the cerebellar cortex on T2-weighted images. With T2 weighting there was slightly increased signal from the dentate nuclei in two patients and from the posterior periventricular white matter in three. We saw four patients with a thin optic chiasm. The only two brothers in the series had markedly low signal from the globus pallidus and substantia nigra on 1.5 T T2-weighted images, as seen in Hallervorden-Spatz disease (HSD). Abnormalities of the globus pallidus may be related to a protracted course of the disease. However, an overlap with HSD should be considered. (orig.) With 3 figs., 1 tab., 28 refs.

  3. Congenital Infantile Fibrosarcoma Causing Intestinal Perforation in a Newborn

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Margarita Kaiser

    2017-01-01

    Full Text Available Congenital infantile fibrosarcoma (CIF is a rare malignant mesenchymal tumor and only 14 cases have been reported with gastrointestinal manifestation. We report about a female newborn delivered per emergency cesarean section at 34 weeks of gestation. Postnatally, she rapidly developed an acute abdomen and sonographic evidence of intestinal perforation requiring laparotomy on the first day of life. A perforated 2 × 3 cm sized spherical tumorous structure of the jejunum was identified. Due to unknown histopathology at this point and unclear resectional margins, she received a temporary ileostomy, which was closed two months later. Histopathology revealed a congenital intestinal fibrosarcoma without the characteristic ETV6-NTRK3 fusion transcript. In conclusion, this rare tumor must be considered as differential diagnosis of intestinal perforations in newborns.

  4. El Saber profesional de una maestra de infantil

    OpenAIRE

    Orozco Martínez, Susana

    2017-01-01

    Este artículo expone los saberes y práctica profesional de María, maestra de Educación Infantil 3 años de una escuela pública de Cataluña y a cargo 13 niñas y 11 niños. La recolección de datos posibilita profundizar en sus experiencias pedagógicas y en el proceso educativo que pone en marcha y que contribuyen en la creación y desarrollo de una relación educativa caracterizada por la atención a las necesidades individuales y a la singularidad de sus criaturas, desde un acompañamiento, acogimie...

  5. E-learning enables parents to assess an infantile hemangioma.

    Science.gov (United States)

    de Graaf, Marlies; Knol, Mirjam J; Totté, Joan E E; van Os-Medendorp, Harmieke; Breugem, Corstiaan C; Pasmans, Suzanne G M A

    2014-05-01

    Infantile hemangiomas (IH) at risk for complications need to be recognized early. We sought to determine if parents are able to assess, after e-learning, whether their child has an IH, is at risk for complications, and needs to be seen (urgently) by a specialist. This was a prospective study of 158 parents participating in an IH e-learning module. Parents were asked to assess their child's skin abnormality. A dermatologist answered the same questions (by e-consult). The 2 assessments were compared. Parents showed a 96% concordance with the dermatologist for correct diagnosis after e-learning. Concordances were 79%, 75%, and 84% (P e-learning module. E-learning by parents could result in earlier presentation and treatment of high-risk IH. Copyright © 2014 American Academy of Dermatology, Inc. Published by Mosby, Inc. All rights reserved.

  6. Infantile bilateral glaucoma in a child with ectodermal dysplasia.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Callea, Michele; Vinciguerra, Agatino; Willoughby, Colin E; Deroma, Laura; Clarich, Gabriella

    2013-01-01

    Ectodermal dysplasia is a rare disease which affects at least two ectodermal-derived structures such as hair, nails, skin, sweat glands and teeth. Approximately 200 different conditions have been classified as an ectodermal dysplasia and X-linked hypohidrotic ectodermal dysplasia (XHED) represents the commonest form. Clinically, XHED is characterized by hypotrichosis, hypohidrosis and hypodontia. A variety of ocular manifestations have been reported in XHED, the most common being dryness of eyes due to tear deficiency and instability of the film secondary to the absence of meibomian gland function. Here we report a child with the distinctive clinical features of XHED confirmed with molecular diagnosis who presented with infantile bilateral glaucoma, in addition to the classical ocular involvement in XHED.

  7. Value of cardiac catheterization and cineangiography in infantile lobar emphysema

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Roguin, N.; Peleg, H.; Naveh, Y.; Riss, E.

    1980-01-01

    Lobar emphysema is an uncommon cause of respiratory distress in infancy. Congenital heart disease is seen in about 20% of the patients with infantile (congenital) lobar emphysema. We described six infants with lobar emphysema. In three of them a congenital heart disease was demonstrated by cardiac catheterization and cineangiography; two had a tetralogy of Fallot with right aortic arch and the third infant a ventricular septal defect. The pulmonary angiography showed stretching of the arteries with very poor filling of the peripheral arteries and a characteristic smaller pulmonary vein in the affected lobe. In all the six patients the pulmonary artery pressure was normal. All the patients underwent lobectomy with good results. We feel that a preoperative cardiac catheterization and cineangiography is of value in this very sick group of infants.

  8. El dibujo infantil en el psicodiagnóstico escolar

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    María Teresa GONZÁLEZ MARTÍNEZ

    2009-11-01

    Full Text Available En el estudio y evaluación del comportamiento infantil, tienen un especial interés aquellas formas de conducta llamadas libres o espontáneas. Se les llama así porque a través de ellas el niño se expresa tal como es, sin obstáculos que le impidan la libre manifestación de su personalidad. El dibujo, juntamente con el juego, es, sin duda, una de las formas de expresión en la que las reacciones espontáneas del niño se manifiestan con mayor facilidad, sobre todo en las primeras etapas de la infancia.

  9. Infantile neuroaxonal dystrophy: neuroradiological studies in 11 patients

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Farina, L.; Bruzzone, M.G.; D'Incerti, L.; Savoiardo, M.; Nardocci, N.; Zorzi, G.; Verga, L.; Morbin, M.

    1999-01-01

    We report the imaging findings in 11 patients with infantile neuroaxonal dystrophy. Ten patients underwent 15 MRI examinations; one patient had only CT. Of the ten patients who underwent MRI, eight had cerebellar atrophy and mildly increased signal from the cerebellar cortex on T2-weighted images. With T2 weighting there was slightly increased signal from the dentate nuclei in two patients and from the posterior periventricular white matter in three. We saw four patients with a thin optic chiasm. The only two brothers in the series had markedly low signal from the globus pallidus and substantia nigra on 1.5 T T2-weighted images, as seen in Hallervorden-Spatz disease (HSD). Abnormalities of the globus pallidus may be related to a protracted course of the disease. However, an overlap with HSD should be considered. (orig.)

  10. Maltrato infantil: normatividad y psicología forense

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Gerardo A. Hernández M.

    2010-01-01

    Full Text Available El presente trabajo documental, de carácter pedagógico, está dirigido a profesionales que trabajen con casos de maltrato infantil. Introduce al lector sobre la normatividad y las instituciones que se encargan de la protección y atención al menor maltratado, además de los instrumentos de evaluación psicológica forense utilizados. Se presenta el aporte de la psicología jurídica para probar el daño psicológico. Finalmente, se propone como plan de acción recurrir a mecanismos alternativos, menos punitivos, concretamente a los mecanismos de la justicia restaurativa.

  11. Shaken baby syndrome manifesting as infantile spasms seizure type

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Der-Shiun Wang

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available The diagnosis of child maltreatment leading to head injury is challenging. Here, we present the case of a 3-month-old female infant who presented with focal seizures that lasted for several minutes. After admission, she began to show intermittent clusters of head nods, irritable crying, arching, writhing, stiffening, and jerking of both arms. These results and electroencephalography findings were attributed as the diagnosis of infantile spasms (IS. Brain computed tomography and magnetic resonance imaging (MRI revealed the presence of chronic subdural hematoma mixed with acute ischemic injuries. Examination of the eye fundus confirmed the presence of retinal hemorrhage. Therefore, all evidence pointed to a diagnosis of shaken baby syndrome (SBS. Based on this case, we suggest that physicians should consider a diagnosis of SBS for children with new-onset IS and that should be evaluated, diagnosed, and treated as promptly as possible.

  12. Rare association of central pontine myelinolysis with infantile tremor syndrome

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Kalpana Datta

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available Central pontine myelinolysis (CPM is an acute demyelination within the central basis pontis. Though exact mechanism is not known it is seen commonly with rapid correction of hyponatremia and also with pontine ischemia or infarction, demyelinating diseases, pontine neoplasm and different metabolic diseases. We report a rare association of CPM in a patient of Infantile Tremor Syndrom (ITS. ITS is a syndrome of tremor, mental and physical retardation, pigmentary changes of hair and skin and anemia in malnourished children. Though first reported in Indian subcontinent many identical cases were reported from around the world. Our case is a 15 month old child with generalized tremor, mild hepatosplenomegaly with features of grade II malnutrition including skin and hair changes. All the signs and symtoms of tremor improved after treatment with the World Health Organization (WHO protocol for protein energy malnutrition (PEM and administration of propranolol without any side effects.

  13. Parent-child relationship quality and infantile amnesia in adults.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Peterson, Carole; Nguyen, Duyen T K

    2010-11-01

    The first years of life are typically shrouded by infantile amnesia, but there is enormous variability between adults in how early and how much they can remember from this period. This study examined one possible factor affecting this variability: whether the perceived quality of parent-child relationships is associated with the number of early memories young adults can retrieve, and their age at the time of their first memory. We found such associations but they were qualified by parent gender. Mother-child relationships that were more affectively intense (greater social support but also more negative interchanges) were associated with recalling more early memories, although paternal companionship was most associated with how early an individual's first memory was. Affective tone of retrieved memories was also assessed, and a greater proportion of affectively positive memories (as well as fewer affectively neutral memories for males) was associated with high parental involvement in children's lives.

  14. Tomasello y Stern: Dos perspectivas actuales incluyentes del Desarrollo Infantil

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mata Isabel López

    2011-01-01

    Full Text Available El presente artículo tiene como objetivo ilustrar dos perspectivas actuales del desarrollo infantil incluyentes más que excluyentes -Michael Tomasello (cognitivo y Daniel Stern (social-subjetivo-, en cuanto a que integran a su explicación los descubrimientos de las capacidades tempranas del bebé -realizados a partir de 1970/80- y, sin renunciar al paradigma teórico particular del que provienen, reconocen junto a estas competencias tempranas el rol fundamental de los diversos factores intervinientes en el desarrollo -lo innato y lo ambiental (social y cultural-, los diferentes métodos de investigación y las limitaciones de una mirada reduccionista. Además, postulan que se hace necesaria la conversación entre las diferentes perspectivas teóricas, para lograr una descripción del infante como una unidad.

  15. Acute Infantile Encephalopathy Predominantly Affecting The Frontal Lobes (AIEF).

    Science.gov (United States)

    Raha, Sarbani; Udani, Vrajesh

    2012-12-01

    Acute Infantile Encephalopathy Predominantly Affecting the Frontal Lobes (AIEF) is a relatively recent described entity. This article includes case reports of two patients who had bifrontal involvement during acute febrile encephalopathy. Case 1 describes a 1-y-old boy who presented with hyperpyrexia and dialeptic seizures. Imaging revealed significant bilateral frontal lobe involvement while serology proved presence of Influenza B infection. Over a period of one wk, he recovered with significant cognitive decline and perseveratory behavior. Another 6-y-old boy presented with language and behavioral problems suggestive of frontal dysfunction after recovering from prolonged impairment of consciousness following a convulsive status epilepticus. Bilateral superior frontal lesions with gyral swelling was evident on neuroimaging. These cases are among the very few cases of AIEF described in recent literature and the article also reviews this unique subtype of acute encephalopathy.

  16. La TDT: El gran contenedor infantil del futuro

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    María Dolores MORENO RODRÍGUEZ

    2009-08-01

    Full Text Available RESUMEN: Los expertos en edu-comunicación apuestan por la tematización que favorece la proliferación de canales infantiles al amparo de las nuevas frecuencias disponibles a través de la TDT. Reconocen, asimismo, la interactividad como un valor añadido aplicable a la producción televisiva infantil en tanto que elemento clave en la estimulación de la creatividad y recepción participativa por parte del niño. En cambio, los especialistas rechazan los sistemas de control parental por resultar ineficaces y evidenciar la insuficiente implicación de las familias en la educación televisiva de sus hijos. Así lo revela la investigación de la que damos cuenta en este artículo y que ha sido desarrollada mediante la configuración de un panel de treinta expertos que se han pronunciado sobre la TDT, sus nuevos usos y servicios de aplicación en la programación infantil. La obtención de información se ha llevado a cabo mediante la aplicación del Método Delphi lo que ha permitido la aportación deslocalizada y asincrónica de expertos procedentes de distintas áreas geográficas y científicas. Siendo de este modo que hemos reunido la opinión de especialistas en pedagogía, didáctica, periodismo, televisión educativa y televisión infantil, así como de representantes de observatorios audiovisuales, consejos, revistas especializadas, y asociaciones de consumidores.ABSTRACT: Experts in edu-communication are in favour of the thematic specialization that encourages the proliferation of children’s channels under the protection of the new frequencies available through DTTV. They also recognize the interactivity available as a value added applicable to children’s television production as a key element in the stimulation of children’s creativity and participatory reception. However, the specialists reject the systems of parental control because they are ineffective and demonstrate the insufficient involvement of the families in the televised

  17. Vecu de la grossesse et maladies infantiles chez les Mahou de la ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Il ressort que les femmes mahou de la ville de Bouaké associent les connaissances scientifiques et culturelles pour déterminer l'étiologie des maladies infantiles. Le non-respect des consultations prénatales, la mauvaise alimentation de la mère et l'insuffisance de repos favorisent les maladies infantiles. Dans la culture ...

  18. El manejo de la diabetes en educación infantil

    OpenAIRE

    Espinosa Fernández, Lucía

    2013-01-01

    Los objetivos principales de este trabajo son dar a conocer la diabetes Tipo 1 en la escuela a toda la comunidad educativa e integrar al alumno que padece esta enfermedad en el aula. Por ello, se ha diseña un plan de actuación para que puedan llevarlo a cabo en las aulas de Educación Infantil e implicar alumnos, maestros y padres con esta enfermedad Grado en Educación Infantil

  19. Infantile choriocarcinoma: a case report with MRI, angiography and bone scintigraphy

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Sashi, R.; Sato, K.; Hirano, H.; Tomura, N.; Watarai, J.; Ishida, A.; Morita, M.

    1996-01-01

    Infantile and maternal choriocarcinoma is a very rare disease. We report a case with the characteristic clinical features of infantile choriocarcinoma: developing anemia, hemorrhagic liver tumors, rapid progression to death and maternal choriocarcinoma. Bone scintigraphy showed increased uptake by the liver tumors. In this case there were two possible primary sites: the placenta of this pregnancy and a hydatidiform mole that had been present 2 years previously. (orig.). With 1 fig

  20. Magnetic resonance imaging findings of solitary infantile myofibromatosis of the skull: A case report

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Lee, Seung Eun; Cho, Kil Ho; Suh, Jang Ho; Choi, Joon Hyuk [College of Medicine, Yeungnam University, Daegu (Korea, Republic of)

    2016-11-15

    Infantile myofibromatosis is a rare, benign mesenchymal disorder of early childhood characterized by solitary or multiple benign myofibroblastic tumors. The tumors may involve the skin, subcutaneous tissue, muscle, bone and visceral organs. We report magnetic resonance imaging findings of solitary infantile myofibromatosis arising in the temporal bone of a ten-month-old boy, and the diagnosis was confirmed by surgical excision and histopathological examination.

  1. La mortalitá infantile ebraica a Ferrara nell'800

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    C. Adamo

    2003-05-01

    Full Text Available

    Obiettivi: per conoscere la qualità di vita e lo sviluppo di una collettività, tanto per il passato quanto per il presente, si ricorre sempre più spesso agli studi sulla mortalità infantile (I anno di vita. L’obiettivo del lavoro è quello di descrivere la mortalità infantile ottocentesca nella comunità ebraica di Ferrara.

    Metodi: presso l’Archivio Storico del Comune di Ferrara sono conservati i registri di morte dal 1813 al 1902 della popolazione ebraica da cui si sono tratte le seguenti variabili: anno di morte, numero progressivo del registro, cognome e nome del deceduto, sesso, giorno e mese di morte, malattia o causa di morte, età alla morte (mesi, giorni, ore. Il sesso è desunto dal nome del deceduto. Come in precedenti lavori, il nostro gruppo di ricerca, per definire la classificazione delle cause di morte nel primo anno di vita ha utilizzato fino all’anno 1854 un lavoro di Silini G. basato sulle metodologie di studio delle cause di morte nel secolo XIX a Lovere (Bergamo adattandola al diverso contesto storico geografico. Per il periodo successivo si è adottato il criterio classificatorio ISTAT (IX revisione.

    Risultati: dalle prime elaborazioni emerge, per il periodo 1813 1902, il seguente quadro: i morti nel primo anno di vita sono 552, di cui morti nella prima settimana 127 (23%, morti tra la prima settimana ed il primo mese 185 (33,5% ed oltre il primo mese 240 (43,5%. Gli aborti sono risultati complessivamente 194 ed i nati morti 96. Il 51% sono maschi ed il rimanente 49% femmine. Le cause di morte prevalenti sono “materia”, “infiammazione”, “inanizione” ed “epilessia”.

  2. Brechas regionales de la mortalidad infantil en Colombia

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Marta C Jaramillo-Mejía

    Full Text Available Objetivos. Estudiar las variaciones de la tasa de mortalidad infantil (TMI en los departamentos de Colombia durante el período 2003-2009, examinar la persistencia de las variaciones entre los departamentos sobre el tiempo y relacionarlas con el impacto de las condiciones socioeconómicas y la disponibilidad de servicios de salud, sobre la mortalidad infantil. Materiales y métodos. Utilizando estadísticas vitales y relacionando datos socioeconómicos y de servicios de salud, se analizaron tres aspectos: la variación de la TMI departamental (2003-2009, la relación entre la TMI departamental y determinantes claves en el tiempo, y las líneas de causalidad e impacto relativo de los diferentes factores. Se emplearan ecuaciones estructurales. Resultados. Se encontró una razón de 4,7 entre la mayor y menor TMI departamental (2009, esta podría estar subestimada principalmente por el subregistros en departamentos de bajos ingresos. Hay una relación negativa entre la TMI departamental con el tiempo y variables altamente correlacionadas, como educación de la madre, ingreso per cápita, cobertura de aseguramiento y acceso a servicios. Conclusiones. El efecto del aseguramiento, disponibilidad de camas privadas y atención médica, es superior al impacto de mejores condiciones socioeconómicas sobre la TMI. La oferta de servicios no parece estar influenciada por una política racional, los recursos no se asignan de acuerdo con las necesidades, sino con el desarrollo general. Las camas privadas se hacen disponibles donde hay mejor aseguramiento en salud y menor TMI

  3. Brechas regionales de la mortalidad infantil en Colombia

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Marta C. Jaramillo-Mejía

    2013-12-01

    Full Text Available Objetivos. Estudiar las variaciones de la tasa de mortalidad infantil (TMI en los departamentos de Colombia durante el período 2003-2009, examinar la persistencia de las variaciones entre los departamentos sobre el tiempo y relacionarlas con el impacto de las condiciones socioeconómicas y la disponibilidad de servicios de salud, sobre la mortalidad infantil. Materiales y métodos. Utilizando estadísticas vitales y relacionando datos socioeconómicos y de servicios de salud, se analizaron tres aspectos: la variación de la TMI departamental (2003-2009, la relación entre la TMI departamental y determinantes claves en el tiempo, y las líneas de causalidad e impacto relativo de los diferentes factores. Se emplearan ecuaciones estructurales. Resultados. Se encontró una razón de 4,7 entre la mayor y menor TMI departamental (2009, esta podría estar subestimada principalmente por el subregistros en departamentos de bajos ingresos. Hay una relación negativa entre la TMI departamental con el tiempo y variables altamente correlacionadas, como educación de la madre, ingreso per cápita, cobertura de aseguramiento y acceso a servicios. Conclusiones. El efecto del aseguramiento, disponibilidad de camas privadas y atención médica, es superior al impacto de mejores condiciones socioeconómicas sobre la TMI. La oferta de servicios no parece estar influenciada por una política racional, los recursos no se asignan de acuerdo con las necesidades, sino con el desarrollo general. Las camas privadas se hacen disponibles donde hay mejor aseguramiento en salud y menor TMI

  4. Maltrato infantil y sus consecuencias a largo plazo

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Laura Carolina Alarcón Forero

    2010-01-01

    Full Text Available La violencia intrafamiliar constituye una de las formas más frecuentes de violencia encontradas tanto a nivel nacional como internacional y dentro de estas el maltrato infantil presenta cifras alarmantes, y es el objeto de nuestra revisión. Los efectos de este problema repercuten notablemente en aquellos que sobreviven, ya que las consecuencias a largo plazo del maltrato infantil son más perjudiciales para lasvíctimas y sus familias, y más costoso para la sociedad, que las lesiones agudas inmediatas que puedan producir. Las consecuencias a largo plazo para estos niños varían desde efectos nocivos en su desarrollo hasta trastornos psicológicos, psiquiátricos y orgánicos. Es importante resaltar que aún con muy buenas intervenciones no todas tienen el éxito esperado si no se hacen de manera correcta. Esindispensable contar con estrategias de prevención que incluyan personal bien entrenado, una supervisión adecuada, los recursos necesarios, y un tiempo mínimo óptimo para enfrentar el problema y obtener los mejores resultados. ______________________________________________________________________Domestic violence is one of the most common forms of violence found both domestically and internationally. Within these, child abuse has alarming figures. This is the subject of this review. The effects of this problem significantly impact on those who survive; their long-term consequences are most severe and expensive for victimized child and his/her family than associated primary physical injuries. Thelong-term consequences for these children range from adverse effects on its psycholigical development to psychological, psychiatric organic disoders. It is important to note that good speeches are not enough to achieve success if any intervention are not done correctly. All prevention strategies include well-trained staff, appropriate supervision, resources, and a optimal time for addressing this problem to get the best results.

  5. Reflexiones etnográficas sobre el ocio infantil

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Begoña Leyra Fatou

    2014-06-01

    Full Text Available El presente artículo revisa y amplía parte de los resultados de un estudio realizado sobre el ocio infantil en la Comunidad de Madrid (España (Gaitán, Domínguez, Bárcenas y Leyra, 2011, tratando de analizar el concepto de ocio, como proceso educativo, que de manera transversal enlaza diferentes elementos de la vida cotidiana de niños y niñas. Asimismo, a través de estas páginas se examinarán los diferentes discursos, comportamientos y percepciones que tienen respecto al ocio tanto los niños y niñas como las personas adultas que participaron en la investigación. Se tratará de hacer un recorrido por la propia concepción del ocio infantil así como del tiempo libre, y de los usos y prácticas diferenciadas en distintos grupos de niños y niñas, analizando cómo el ocio forma parte de la educación formal y no formal, llevando consigo elementos transversales de género y edad. Para este estudio se contó con un “grupo junior” de investigación, compuesto por niños y niñas que realizaron reflexiones y aportaciones tanto a lo largo del proceso etnográfico como sobre los resultados obtenidos, fortaleciendo el propio enfoque de “Protagonismo Infantil” y de “Co-investigación de niños y niñas”.

  6. Conocimientos sobre tuberculosis infantil en madres comunitarias de Cartagena, Colombia

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jacqueline Hernandez Escolar

    2017-01-01

    Full Text Available Objetivo: Evaluar los conocimientos sobre Tuberculosis (TB Infantil, que tienen las madres comunitarias de Cartagena. Método: Estudio descriptivo realizado con 49 madres comunitarias a las cuales se aplicó una encuesta para evaluar variables sociodemográficas y un cuestionario con 50 preguntas, para medir conocimientos sobre tuberculosis en los niños. Se evaluaron cinco grandes aspectos, (diez preguntas para cada uno así: características de la enfermedad, factores de riesgo, prácticas de prevención, manifestaciones clínicas e identificación de casos, y ruta de atención para los casos sospechosos. Los datos se almacenaron y analizaron en una base de datos del programa SPSSS versión 21, fueron calculadas medidas de frecuencias para las variables categóricas, medidas de tendencia central y desviaciones estándar para variables cuantitativas. Resultado: Del total de participantes, 91,6% (40 desconoce que un individuo con tuberculosis latente puede transmitir la enfermedad; 38,8% (19 no conoce el riesgo que tienen los menores de un año a contagiarse; 22,4% (11 no identifica como factor de riesgo para los niños el contacto estrecho con una persona enferma. Solo el 2% (1 reconoce como signo sugestivo de la enfermedad tuberculosa en los niños la presencia de tos por más de 21 días. Conclusión: Las madres comunitarias de éste estudio tienen poco conocimiento acerca de la TB infantil. Se considera necesario realizar intervenciones educativas a estos actores sociales para que tengan conocimientos amplios sobre este tema.

  7. COMPASIÓN EN LAS PELÍCULAS ANIMADAS INFANTILES

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    María Leticia Flores Palacios

    2011-01-01

    Full Text Available Las películas animadas infantiles pueden contribuir al desarrollo de la capacidad humana de sentir y manifestar emociones, de acuerdo a la postura de Nussbaum (2001a. En este trabajo se analiza la emoción de la compasión en dos películas animadas infantiles de la compañía Disney Pixar: Toy Story de 1995 y Up de 2009. Se enfatiza una postura cognitivaevaluativa sobre las emociones, la cual afirma que la manifestación emocional se basa en creencias o presupuestos que los humanos construyen sobre lo que los rodea. Esta postura admite que las emociones pueden ser aprendidas y por lo tanto es posible pensar que los medios de comunicación participan en este aprendizaje. Para el análisis se identificaron los contenidos donde estuviera presente la compasión y se analizó con la ayuda de un modelo aquí propuesto, que conjunta la secuencia motivadora de Monroe y Enhinger (1969 y los juicios cognitivos de Aristóteles (2002, revisados por Nussbaum (2001a. El análisis de las películas muestra que la compasión se manifiesta en palabras, acciones y expresiones faciales de los personajes. Es posible que el niño espectador aprenda a través de los ejemplos mostrados cuál es la adecuada manifestación de esta emoción y la manera de reaccionar, como por ejemplo brindar palabras de consuelo a quien sufre. Sin embargo es necesario propiciar en los niños una actitud crítica que les permita identificar sesgos o reacciones inadecuadas, de manera que lo observado proporcione elementos valiosos para su relación con los demás y para su propio desarrollo emocional.

  8. Intrauterine nicotine exposure, birth weight, gestational age and the risk of infantile colic

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Milidou, Ioanna; Søndergaard, Charlotte; Jensen, Morten Søndergaard

    Background and aim: Infantile colic is characterised by crying bouts in a healthy infant during the first months. Smoking in pregnancy and low birth weight (BW) have been previously identified as risk factors for infantile colic. Nicotine acts as a neurotransmitter and is known to affect the intr......Background and aim: Infantile colic is characterised by crying bouts in a healthy infant during the first months. Smoking in pregnancy and low birth weight (BW) have been previously identified as risk factors for infantile colic. Nicotine acts as a neurotransmitter and is known to affect...... the intrauterine central nervous system development, while low BW and premature birth have both been related to adverse neurodevelopmental outcomes. We investigated the association between intrauterine nicotine exposure, BW, gestational age (GA) and infantile colic in a large cohort study. Materials and methods......: We used data from the Danish National Birth Cohort. The study on nicotine exposure included 63,128 infants and the study on BW and GA included 62, 785 infants with complete data. Infantile colic was defined according to the modified Wessel’s criteria based on maternal interview 6 months postpartum...

  9. "We are taking you to attend the birth of history": Tlatelolco in Carlos Fuentes' Los 68: París, Praga, México and Roberto Bolaño's Amuleto

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    Susana Domingo Amestoy

    2012-12-01

    Full Text Available Este artículo se propone analizar la novela de Roberto Bolaño Amuleto (1999 y en particular su interés por el límite de una resistencia política. En este estudio se yuxtapone la descripción en la novela de la masacre en Tlatelolco con la obra de Carlos Fuentes Los 68: París, Praga, México (2005, y su uso tanto de la memoria no ficcional de París en 1968 como el recuento ficcional de lo sucedido en Tlatelolco. Este artículo intenta demostrar cómo en Los 68 se intenta recuperar un tipo de subjetividad cuyos imaginarios utópicos definían los años sesenta, y cómo el uso de alegoría en Amuleto marca el vaciamiento de ese imaginario.This paper analyzes Roberto Bolaño’s Amuleto (1999, and in particular its interest in the cotemporary limits of political resistance. The essay subsequently juxtaposes the novel’s depiction of the massacre at Tlateloco with Carlos Fuentes’ Los 68: Paris, Praga, México (2005, and its use of both a non-fictional memoir of Paris in 1968 and a fictionalized account of Tlateloco. Ultimately, this essay demonstrates how Los 68 attempts to recuperate a kind of subjectivity in which utopian imaginaries defined the 1960s, but which Amuleto’s mobilization of allegory reveals as emptied out.

  10. Efecto a corto plazo de la vigabatrina en los espasmos infantiles Short term effect of vigabatrin in infantile spasms

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    Albia J. Pozo Alonso

    2007-03-01

    Full Text Available El objetivo de este trabajo fue valorar el efecto a corto plazo de la vigabatrina en 18 pacientes con el diagnóstico de espasmos infantiles. Trece pacientes fueron tratados en monoterapia, y 6 de ellos de primera intención. La dosis máxima promedio utilizada de vigabatrina fue de 130 mg/ (kg∙día (rango de 75 a 170 mg/ [kg∙día]. Los espasmos epilépticos cesaron en el 44,4 % de los casos a los 18,4 días como promedio tras el inicio del tratamiento con vigabatrina (rango de 3 a 43 días. La dosis promedio de respuesta a la vigabatrina fue de 103 mg/ (kg∙día (rango de 50 a 156 mg/ [kg∙día]. En el 16,7 % de los niños se logró la disminución de las crisis en más del 90 % y en el 5,6 % se redujeron los espasmos epilépticos en más del 50 %. Los espasmos epilépticos persistieron en el 33,3 %. Se obtuvo mejoría electroencefalográfica en el 55,6 % de los casos y en el 5,6 % desaparecieron las descargas. La hipsarritmia desapareció en el 75 % de los pacientes. Se debe continuar empleando la vigabatrina en monoterapia o como terapia adjunta en pacientes con espasmos infantiles.The purpose of this paper was to assess the short term effect of vigabatrin in 18 patients that were diagnosed infantile spasms. Thirteen of them were treated with monotherapy, and six of them were treated of first intention. The average maximum dose of vigabatrin was 130 mg/(kg∙day (range 75-170 mg/[kg∙day]. The epileptic spasms ceased in 44.4 % of the cases at 18.4 days as an average after the beginning of the treatment with vigabatrin (range 3 to 43 days. The average dose of response to vigabatrin was 103 mg/(kg∙day (range 50 to 156 mg/[kg∙day]. In 16.7 % of the children it was possible to reduce the crises more than 90 % , whereas in 5.6 % the epileptic spasms decreased more than 50 %. The epileptic spasms persisted in 33.3 %. An electroencephalographic improvement was observed in 55.6 % of the cases, and in 5.6 % the discharges vanished

  11. ANGINA INESTABLE. PROPUESTA DE PROTOCOLO DE TRATAMIENTO EN EL HOSPITAL

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    Leonel Hernández Cruz

    2010-06-01

    Full Text Available Unstable angina is an acute coronary syndrome without elevation of the ST segment. It is clinically important because of its threatening and crippling nature, due to the possibility that it could precede acute myocardial infarction. That is why it is determined that the patient suffering from this condition must be hospitalized in the Intensive Care Unit. There are various therapeutic strategies and several forms to approach the treatment of each patient, but in many cases it is necessary a percutaneous coronary intervention and this procedure is not carried out in this hospital. That is why it is necessary to establish a guideline for the treatment of this condition with the aim of optimizing the medications and making an adequate selection of the patients who require being transferred to a hospital with interventional cardiology services. A proposal for treatment protocol is presented in this work. It can function as a guideline for those who on daily basis treat patient with this condition at the Roberto Rodriguez Fernandez University Hospital in Morón city.

  12. Leucemias neonatales: experiencia en el Hospital Infantil de México Federico Gómez (HIMFG

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Daniel Ibarra-Ríos

    2017-11-01

    último seguimiento a los tres años de edad continuaba en remisión. CONCLUSIONES: la presentación de los casos corresponde a la reportada en literatura con respecto a frecuencias de leucemias linfoides y mieloides. La supervivencia global a largo plazo fue del 20% (33% para las mieloides con un solo paciente en remisión. Este padecimiento tiene un pronóstico fatal que puede mejorar con el diagnóstico oportuno (incluso prenatal y manejo con quimioterapia intensiva. Ésta es la serie más grande de leucemias neonatales reportada en México.

  13. Hospital Compare

    Data.gov (United States)

    U.S. Department of Health & Human Services — Hospital Compare has information about the quality of care at over 4,000 Medicare-certified hospitals across the country. You can use Hospital Compare to find...

  14. HCAHPS - Hospital

    Data.gov (United States)

    U.S. Department of Health & Human Services — A list of hospital ratings for the Hospital Consumer Assessment of Healthcare Providers and Systems (HCAHPS). HCAHPS is a national, standardized survey of hospital...

  15. Estrogen-mediated hemangioma-derived stem cells through estrogen receptor-α for infantile hemangioma

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    Zhang L

    2017-07-01

    Full Text Available Ling Zhang,1 Hai Wei Wu,1 Weien Yuan,2 Jia Wei Zheng1 1Shanghai Ninth People’s Hospital, Shanghai Jiao Tong University School of Medicine, Center for Specialty Strategy Research of Shanghai Jiao Tong University China Hospital Development Institute, 2School of Pharmacy, Shanghai Jiao Tong University, Shanghai, People’s Republic of China Background: Infantile hemangiomas (IHs are the most common benign vascular tumor of infancy. They occur more frequently in female infants. The cause of hemangioma is currently unknown; however, current studies suggested the importance of estrogen (E2 signaling in hemangioma proliferation. Methods: Hemangioma-derived stem cells (HemSCs were cultured with estrogen for 48–72 h; the cell viability and proliferation were evaluated with the messenger RNA (mRNA and protein expression levels of fibroblast growth factor 2 (FGF2, vascular endothelial growth factor-A (VEGF-A and estrogen receptor-α (ER-α, by application of several in vitro assays, such as methyl thiazolyl tetrazolium (MTT, reverse transcriptase–polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR, real-time PCR, enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA and Western blotting. Also, the cell population’s response to external estrogen was investigated by in vivo experiments. HemSCs and human umbilical vein endothelial cells (HUVECs were mixed and injected subcutaneously into 20 flank of BALB/c-nu mice, which were randomly divided into 5 groups based on different E2 treatment doses (0, 0.01, 0.1 and 1 mg, respectively, 0.1 mg dimethyl sulfoxide (DMSO as control. Each group of mice were treated intramuscularly every week, then 2 and 4 weeks later, the subcutaneous implants were harvested and evaluated the tumor tissues with microvessel density (MVD assay and immunohistochemistry. Results: The study demonstrated that application of E2 increased the expression of FGF2, VEGF-A, and ER-α in HemSCs with the optimal concentration from 10−9 to 10−5 M. Two

  16. Preventive Effect of Residential Green Space on Infantile Atopic Dermatitis Associated with Prenatal Air Pollution Exposure.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lee, Ji-Young; Lamichhane, Dirga Kumar; Lee, Myeongjee; Ye, Shinhee; Kwon, Jung-Hyun; Park, Myung-Sook; Kim, Hwan-Cheol; Leem, Jong-Han; Hong, Yun-Chul; Kim, Yangho; Ha, Mina; Ha, Eunhee

    2018-01-09

    Few birth cohort studies have examined the role of traffic-related air pollution (TRAP) in the development of infantile atopic dermatitis (AD), but none have investigated the role of preventive factors such as green spaces. The aim of this study was to investigate whether exposure to nitrogen dioxide (NO₂) and particulate matter with an aerodynamic diameter of Health study. Subjects were geocoded to their residential addresses and matched with air pollution data modeled using land-use regression. Information on infantile AD was obtained by using a questionnaire administered to the parents or guardians of the children. The association between infantile AD and exposure to NO₂ and PM 10 was determined using logistic regression models. We assessed the effects of residential green spaces using stratified analyses and by entering product terms into the logistic regression models. The risk of infantile AD significantly increased with an increase in air pollution exposure during the first trimester of pregnancy. The adjusted odds ratio (OR) and 95% confidence interval (CI) were 1.219 (1.023-1.452) per 10 μg/m³ increase in PM 10 and 1.353 (1.027-1.782) per 10 ppb increase in NO₂. An increase in the green space within 200 m of residence was associated with a decreased risk of AD (OR = 0.996, 95% CI: 0.993-0.999). The stratified analysis of residential green space revealed stronger associations between infantile AD and PM 10 and NO₂ exposure during the first trimester in the areas in the lower tertiles of green space. This study indicated that exposure to TRAP during the first trimester of pregnancy is associated with infantile AD. Less residential green space may intensify the association between TRAP exposure and infantile AD.

  17. Outcome of synthetic adrenocorticotropin hormone treatment in children with infantile spasm

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    I Gusti Ngurah Made Suwarba

    2011-04-01

    Full Text Available Background Infantile spasms (IS is an age-spedfic epilepsy syndrome characterized by flexor, extensor, and mixed flexor-extensor spasms which often occur in clusters during the first 2 years of life. IS is often difficult to manage 'With the usual anti-epilepsy drugs (AEDs. Therapy with adrenocorticotropin honnone (ACTH has been used since 1958. In Indonesia, ACTH usage is still rare. Objective This study aims to examine the effectiveness of ACTH as an anti-epileptic drug in managing IS. Methods This was descriptive retrospective cohort study. Subjects were IS patients who visited the neurology outpatient clinic in Sanglah Hospital, Bali, from January 2007 until June 2010. Each subject received AED(s plus either ACTH or methylprednisolone for 46 weeks. Results There were 19 IS patients over the four year duration of this study. They were mostly boys (11, aged 2 weeks to 17 months, with a mean age at treatment of 9 months. Eighteen patients received poly therapy, while one patient received only phenobarbital as monotherapy. Most patients who received ACTH (13/16 had a seizure-free period, while the 3 that did not receive ACTH continued having seizures. Patients who received ACTH showed a good response (seizure-free after 5-13 days therapy and their EEG pattern showed disappearance of burst suppression Mthin 1-2 weeks. ACTH side effects included weight gain and cushingoid appearance. One patient died from pneumonia. Conclusions Diagnosis of IS should be considered in patients pre-senting Mth spasms at less than 6 months old. IS treatment should begin as soon as possible. IS patients responded well to a short course of ACTH therapy.

  18. “Antonio Vargas Reyes y la Medicina del Siglo XIX”. Del Académico Roberto de Zubiría

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Efraim Otero Ruiz

    2004-03-01

    Full Text Available

    La Segunda Edición de un Libro Admirable (Comentario a la 2ª Edición del libro “Antonio Vargas Reyes-La Medicina del Siglo XIX en Colombia” por el Académico Roberto de Zubiría C.-Febrero 2003

     

    Circunstancias ajenas a la voluntad de los protagonistas hicieron que la presentación de este libro ante la Academia Nacional de Medicina tuviera que ser postergada hasta la fecha actual. De todas maneras, persiste mi vivo agradecimiento ante las directivas de la Academia y ante el mismo autor por haberme distinguido con el honor de ser yo quien presente ante ustedes esta obra, en el momento ya con varios meses de haber sido publicada por Editorial Kimpres, en un elegante volumen de 212 páginas y que marca un hito entre los libros de historia médica publicados en el país en el año 2002.

    Efectivamente, en sus 20 capítulos, seguidos de un apéndice y del testamento del personaje aquí biografiado, además de una extensa bibliografía curiosamente referida con números romanos, Roberto de Zubiría nos entrega una visión panorámica de lo que fue, como reza el subtítulo, la medicina del siglo XIX en Colombia. Medicina que estuvo rubricada y marcada por los sucesos de la independencia, en su segunda década, a la que se siguió el cambio intelectual necesario y obligatorio que nos trocaba de un pensamiento de colonos y súbditos al de seres independientes, que debían crear o transformar las nuevas instituciones de la patria. Como lo ha dicho el historiador médico español García-Valdés a propósito de Europa, podría decirse que el siglo XIX sólo llega a la medicina colombiana a partir de 1820. Por eso el primer capítulo hace un inventario de lo que era el ambiente y las escuelas iniciales de la primera mitad de ese siglo, con los primeros intentos de establecer una cátedra por José Celestino Mutis y Miguel de Isla, a quienes el autor señala justamente como los verdaderos precursores

  19. Neural stem cells for disease modeling and evaluation of therapeutics for infantile (CLN1/PPT1) and late infantile (CLN2/TPP1) neuronal ceroid lipofuscinoses.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sima, Ni; Li, Rong; Huang, Wei; Xu, Miao; Beers, Jeanette; Zou, Jizhong; Titus, Steven; Ottinger, Elizabeth A; Marugan, Juan J; Xie, Xing; Zheng, Wei

    2018-04-10

    Infantile and late infantile neuronal ceroid lipofuscinoses (NCLs) are lysosomal storage diseases affecting the central nervous system (CNS). The infantile NCL (INCL) is caused by mutations in the PPT1 gene and late-infantile NCL (LINCL) is due to mutations in the TPP1 gene. Deficiency in PPT1 or TPP1 enzyme function results in lysosomal accumulation of pathological lipofuscin-like material in the patient cells. There is currently no small-molecular drug treatment for NCLs. We have generated induced pluripotent stem cells (iPSC) from three patient dermal fibroblast lines and further differentiated them into neural stem cells (NSCs). Using these new disease models, we evaluated the effect of δ-tocopherol (DT) and hydroxypropyl-β-cyclodextrin (HPBCD) with the enzyme replacement therapy as the control. Treatment with the relevant recombinant enzyme or DT significantly ameliorated the lipid accumulation and lysosomal enlargement in the disease cells. A combination therapy of δ-tocopherol and HPBCD further improved the effect compared to that of either drug used as a single therapy. The results demonstrate that these patient iPSC derived NCL NSCs are valid cell- based disease models with characteristic disease phenotypes that can be used for study of disease pathophysiology and drug development.

  20. Obesidade infantil: causas e estratégias preventivas

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Vanessa Margareth Soares

    2015-04-01

    Full Text Available Esta pesquisa teve como objetivo auxiliar a compreensão das causas da obesidade infantil bem como mostrar algumas estratégias simples que podem contribuir na prevenção dessa doença. O caso ‘sobrepeso e obesidade’ é tratado por muitas pessoas sem a devida importância, por entenderem que o mesmo é apenas uma questão estética que não interfere em nada além da saúde física da criança obesa ou sobrepesada, o que é um engano, pois a obesidade e o sobrepeso tem várias causas e uma extensão de problemas, como a hipertensão e o diabetes entre outros, que estão associados direta ou indiretamente a esse mal. A pesquisa foi realizada com crianças de 4 a 5 anos, de uma escola pública e uma privada do município de Sinop - MT, tendo como respaldo metodológico a observação participante utilizando-se de questionários implícitos em diálogos, onde tivemos a oportunidade de compreender alguns aspectos sobre os hábitos alimentares e físicos das mesmas. Os diálogos foram analisados de forma qualitativa, onde munidos do índice de massa corporal, caderno de impressões, podemos constatar que o maior mal que a obesidade causa é o psicológico, pois as crianças sobrepesadas observadas se excluem do convívio social. Aos responsáveis e sociedade em geral cabe a responsabilidade de dar continuidade aos saberes aplicados em sala, estabelecendo hábitos mais saudáveis no ambiente em que vivem.Palavras-chave: educação; educação física e alimentar; obesidade infantil; alunos de 4 e 5 anos.

  1. Obesidad infantil: un nuevo enfoque para su estudio

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Fabian Leonardo Muñoz Muñoz

    2017-01-01

    Full Text Available La Organización Mundial de la Salud ( OMS ha catalogado la obesidad infantil como la mayor crisis de la salud pública en el mundo. En su informe de 2014 indica que se registraron cuarenta y dos millones de niños menores de 5 años con sobrepeso; de ellos, treinta y cinco millones viven en países en desarrollo. La obesidad infantil es una enfermedad que tiene como origen una cadena causal compleja, de etiología multifactorial, en la que interactúan factores individuales y contextuales; en ellos el niño se encuentra inmerso, y ejercen influencia sobre su comportamiento, en diversos entornos y en diferentes niveles de jerarquía. Esta revisión presenta una descripción de algunos estudios y esfuerzos realizados para carac - terizar, prevenir y controlar la epidemia de obesidad en esta etapa del ciclo vital. Se propone, así mismo, un abordaje para el estudio de la obesidad, denominado ‘Enfoque de sistemas complejos’, el cual permite analizar cómo los factores individuales y contextuales se relacionan, y cómo esa interacción genera nuevas propiedades que no pueden explicarse a partir de los procedimientos habituales de análisis epidemiológico; para ello será necesario el trabajo en equipo, con enfoque multidisciplinario, que incluya médicos, pediatras, nutricionistas, epidemiólogos, salubristas, estadísticos, ingenieros, entre otros profesionales, que aporten sus conocimientos y habilidades, que permitan entender la obesidad como un fenómeno dinámi - co que requiere ser abordado con un enfoque integral e integrador, que trascienda la mirada reduccionista de los factores de riesgo del proceso salud – enfermedad. Solo entonces se podrá mejorar la capacidad para comprender la salud desde una perspectiva clásica hasta un sistema verdaderamente dinámico.

  2. Linfonodo pulmonar na paracoccidioidomicose aguda infantil (relato de um caso

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Evanil Pires de Campos

    1992-09-01

    Full Text Available Observou-se a evolução de um linfonodo pulmonar na paracoccidioidomicose (PCM aguda infantil. Doente, masculino, 6 anos, branco, natural de Curitiba (PR, procedente de Guaratinguetá (SP, que há 3 meses desenvolveu quadro gripal, febre diária, bimodal, prolongada, precedida de calafrio, acompanhada de sudorese inodora, cefaléia frontal e anorexia. Diagnosticado e tratado como pneumonia por cinco dias, sem melhora do quadro. Há 2 meses, apresentou dor óssea nos braços e articulações do pé, com edema inflamatório e emagrecimento de 6 kg em 3 meses. Exame físico revelou: peso 20 kg; estatura 120 cm; P. A. 90/60 mmHg; facies atípica, hipoativo, palidez cutâneo-mucosa (+ +, hipotrofia muscular, adenopatiageneralizada, sopro sistólico suave em foco aórtico acessório e hepatesplenomegalia. Imunodifusão com exoantígeno glicoprotéico 43 kdpositiva (1/32. A biópsia de gânglio revelou Paracoccidioides brasiliensis. A radiologia demonstrou na primeira consulta, discreto infiltrado intersticial bilateral com linfoadenomegaliapara-hilar que desaparecu em 30 dias. Observou- se, ainda, massa tumoral mediastínica superior, hiperplasia do sistema fagocítico mononuclear e lesões osteolíticas nos 60 dias iniciais da evolução.The primary complex like Ghon was observed in a child's clinical roentgenographic study. C.S., white, male, 6 years old, was born in Curitiba (PR, Brazil and living in Guaratingueta (SP, Brazil, developed "common cold", bimodal diary fever, chills, shake and sweats. Dyspnea, cough with general fymphadenopathy. Foot and right shoulder artralgies. Six months ago visited a cave, equitation practice, dog and cat contacts and notransfusion, frontal sweats, fever (38.4°C. T.A. was 8/6, tachicardia in generalizated fymphadenopathy. Cardiopulmonary system was normal, mesogastric tumoral mass, hepatesplenomegaly and no ascitis. Bone marrow with eosinophilia; nodule demonstred presence of P. brasiliensis; hypoalbuminemia

  3. Monitoramento do desenvolvimento infantil realizado no Brasil La monitoración del desarrollo infantil realizada en Brasil Monitoring of child development held in Brazil

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    Silvio Cesar Zeppone

    2012-12-01

    Full Text Available OBJETIVO: Revisar a literatura científica para verificar como a vigilância do desenvolvimento infantil vem sendo realizada no Brasil. FONTES DE DADOS: Pesquisa em bases de dados (PubMed, Medline, SciELO e Banco de Teses da Coordenação de Aperfeiçoamento de Pessoal de Nível Superior sobre estudos das práticas médicas em relação à vigilância e ao monitoramento do desenvolvimento infantil no Brasil, de 2000 a 2011. Os termos usados para pesquisa foram: vigilância de desenvolvimento infantil, intervenção precoce, triagem de desenvolvimento e testes de triagem de desenvolvimento. Foram encontrados dez textos referentes ao tema em estudo. Artigos originais, de revisão e teses foram revisados, bem como as listas de referências das publicações sobre o assunto. SÍNTESE DOS DADOS: Os estudos sobre a prática do monitoramento do desenvolvimento infantil no Brasil apontam uma importante falha, desde a formação do médico pediatra até a prática clínica, em relação a este tema. CONCLUSÕES: Há necessidade urgente, principalmente frente a uma população emergente de prematuros, que os pediatras façam uma reciclagem do conhecimento sobre o desenvolvimento infantil.OBJETIVO: Revisar la literatura científica para verificar cómo la vigilancia del desarrollo infantil viene siendo realizada en Brasil. FUENTES DE DATOS: Investigación en las bases de datos (Pubmed, Medline, SciELO y Base de Tesis CAPES sobre estudios de las prácticas médicas respecto a la vigilancia y monitoración del desarrollo infantil en Brasil de 2000 a 2011. Los términos usados para la investigación fueron: vigilancia de desarrollo infantil, intervención temprana, screening de desarrollo y pruebas de screening de desarrollo. Se encontraron 10 textos relativos al tema en estudio. Artículos originales, de revisión y tesis fueron revisados, así como las listas de referencias de las publicaciones sobre el tema. SÍNTESIS DE LOS DATOS: Los estudios sobre la pr

  4. STUDY OF CLINICO- EPIDEMIOLOGICAL PROFILE OF PATIENTS ADMITTED WITH INFANTILE TREMOR SYNDROME (ITS AND STATUS OF TRACE ELEMENTS (ZINC, COPPER DEFICIENCY IN THEM

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    Mohan Makwana

    2017-03-01

    Full Text Available BACKGROUND Under nutrition is one of the major problems in the field of Paediatrics. The greatest risk of malnutrition is in the first two years of life. The effects of this early damage on health, brain development, intelligence, educability and productivity are potentially reversible. The current study was an attempt to find out the clinico epidemiological profile, evaluate them for trace elements deficiency and most appropriate management options in those who are admitted with infantile tremor syndrome. MATERIALS AND METHODS The current study was a hospital based cross sectional study that was conducted in the Department of Paediatrics, Dr. S. N. Medical College Jodhpur. Duration of study was One Year. Any child up to the age of three years of age admitted in the paediatric wards with typical features of infantile tremor syndrome. RESULTS Maximum numbers of patients were found between 6 months to 12 months of age, there was slight male predominance. The majority of infants in our study (85% were exclusively breast fed, 66% of cases were having low serum Copper level. 9% of cases were having low serum zinc level. 8% of cases were having low serum copper level with tremors. CONCLUSION In our study the fact that NTS is mainly seen in children who are exclusively breast feed for a longer period with delayed introduction of weaning foods. The main presenting features remain developmental delay, hyper pigmentation and anemia. Among nutritional factors, deficiency of copper and zinc in children plays a big role in development of disease. Thus to prevent the development of nutritional tremor syndrome stress should be on early timely introduction of weaning foods, especially rich in copper and zinc. What is already known about this Study- low levels of trace elements like copper and zinc may be responsible for typical clinical manifestations in patients of infantile tremor syndrome. Pronged and Exclusive breast feeding further aggravate these features

  5. Comparisons of clinic effects between DTPA renal dynamic imaging and B-ultrasound examination in diagnosis and treatment of infantile hydronephrosis

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Zhang Lixia; Qi Lili; Shen Wenhua; Luo Yunxiao

    2011-01-01

    Objective: To study the clinic value of DTPA renal dynamic imaging in the functional evaluation of infantile hydronephrosis and clarify its application value, and lay the foundation for DTPA renal dynamic imaging in diagnosis and treatment of infantile hydronephrosis. Methods: 70 infants with hydronephrosis in our hospital whose mean age was (2.32±2.1) years (rang from 37 d to 6 years) were selected. There were 56 males and 14 females. 18 normal infants with mean age (2.66±2.01) years (rang from 41 d to 6 years, 15 males and 3 females) were selected as control group during the same period. Technetium-99m-labelled DTPA ( 99m Tc-DTPA) was taken as agent, and the dose of 99m Tc was 18.5 MBq per infant. GE Infinia SPECT was used as imaging equipment. The time-activity curve was generated in the imaging system automatically. The glomerular filtration rate (GFR) was detected by DTPA renal dynamic imaging through drawing the region of interest (ROI). Results: 83 kidneys were suffered from hydronephrosis diagnosed by B-ultrasound among 70 infant patients, while 104 abnormal kidneys were diagnosed by renal dynamic imaging. The detection rate of renal dysfunction by renal dynamic imaging was higher than that of B-ultrasound (t=7.751, P=0.005). Among 83 kidneys suffered from hydronephrosis diagnosed by B-ultrasound, the continued rising type was 56 cases (67.47% ); the parabolic type was cases (7.23% ); the high linear extension type was 14 cases (16.87% ); and the low linear extension type was 7 cases (8.43% ). The GFR value of linear extension type was lower than normal control group, the difference was significant (P<0.05), and the another three types had no significant differences compared with control group. Conclusion: For infantile hydronephrosis, DTPA renal dynamic imaging can observe not only the abnormal morphology of kidney, but also the function of split kidney; and it can provide objective basis for diagnosis and treatment of infantile hydronephrosis. (authors)

  6. Endemic characteristics of infantile visceral leishmaniasis in the People’s Republic of China

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-01-01

    Background Visceral leishmaniasis (VL) was once a severe parasitic disease in China. Thanks to the great efforts of integrated control, VL was eliminated in most epidemic areas, except for certain western provinces (autonomous region) at the end of 1950s. From then on, VL gained less attention and has seemed to spread, especially in the last 15 years. Infants are the most important population threatened by VL. However, there have been few studies on the endemic characteristics of infantile VL in China. Methods Infantile VL cases were collected from the online National Infectious Diseases Reporting System (NIDRS). Statistical description and inference was used to reveal the endemic characteristics in gender, age group, time and regionalism. Spatial analysis was carried out to explore the high risk area for infantile VL in China. Results A total of 1093 infantile VL cases were reported from 2006 to 2012. There was no statistically significant difference in gender over time. The minimum, maximum and mean age of these cases was 1.1, 35.9 and 13.8 months, respectively. Among them 86.92% were under 2 years of age, and there was a statistically significant difference among age groups over time. An incidence peak appeared in 2008-2009, most cases were distributed in the months September to December, and there was a tail-raising effect in the coming two months of the next year. More than 98% of cases were reported in Xinjiang Uygur Autonomous Region, Gansu Province and Sichuan Province, accounting for 61.02%, 32.75% and 4.57%, respectively. A total of 56 counties reported infantile VL cases, with the cumulative incidence ranging from 0.02 to 24.57%. There were two main zones of high endemicity for infantile VL in China. The monthly incidence clearly coincides with the number of towns where infantile VL cases were reported. Three fatalities were reported during the study period, the case fatality rate was 2.75‰. Conclusions The endemic situation of infantile VL is

  7. Endemic characteristics of infantile visceral leishmaniasis in the People's Republic of China.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Fu, Qing; Li, Shi-Zhu; Wu, Wei-Ping; Hou, Yan-Yan; Zhang, Song; Feng, Yu; Zhang, Li-Ping; Tang, Lin-Hua

    2013-05-17

    Visceral leishmaniasis (VL) was once a severe parasitic disease in China. Thanks to the great efforts of integrated control, VL was eliminated in most epidemic areas, except for certain western provinces (autonomous region) at the end of 1950s. From then on, VL gained less attention and has seemed to spread, especially in the last 15 years. Infants are the most important population threatened by VL. However, there have been few studies on the endemic characteristics of infantile VL in China. Infantile VL cases were collected from the online National Infectious Diseases Reporting System (NIDRS). Statistical description and inference was used to reveal the endemic characteristics in gender, age group, time and regionalism. Spatial analysis was carried out to explore the high risk area for infantile VL in China. A total of 1093 infantile VL cases were reported from 2006 to 2012. There was no statistically significant difference in gender over time. The minimum, maximum and mean age of these cases was 1.1, 35.9 and 13.8 months, respectively. Among them 86.92% were under 2 years of age, and there was a statistically significant difference among age groups over time. An incidence peak appeared in 2008-2009, most cases were distributed in the months September to December, and there was a tail-raising effect in the coming two months of the next year. More than 98% of cases were reported in Xinjiang Uygur Autonomous Region, Gansu Province and Sichuan Province, accounting for 61.02%, 32.75% and 4.57%, respectively. A total of 56 counties reported infantile VL cases, with the cumulative incidence ranging from 0.02 to 24.57%. There were two main zones of high endemicity for infantile VL in China. The monthly incidence clearly coincides with the number of towns where infantile VL cases were reported. Three fatalities were reported during the study period, the case fatality rate was 2.75‰. The endemic situation of infantile VL is serious, and there are several active foci of

  8. Ontogeny of memory: An update on 40 years of work on infantile amnesia.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Madsen, Heather Bronwyn; Kim, Jee Hyun

    2016-02-01

    Given the profound influence that early life experiences can have upon psychosocial functioning later in life, it is intriguing that most adults fail to recall autobiographical events from their early childhood years. Infantile amnesia is the term used to describe this phenomenon of accelerated forgetting during infancy, and it is not unique to humans. Over the years, information garnered from animal studies has provided clues as to the neurobiological basis of infantile amnesia. The purpose of this review is to provide a neurobiological update on what we now know about infantile amnesia since the publication of Campbell and Spear's seminal review on the topic more than 40 years ago. We present evidence that infantile amnesia is unlikely to be explained by a unitary theory, with the protracted development of multiple brain regions and neurotransmitter systems important for learning and memory likely to be involved. The recent discovery that exposure to early life stress can alleviate infantile amnesia offers a potential explanation as to how early adversity can so profoundly affect mental health in adulthood, and understanding the neurobiological basis for this early transition may lead to the development of effective therapeutic interventions. Copyright © 2015 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.

  9. Diversidad y educación: el caso del trabajo infantil

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    María Alejandra Silva

    2017-12-01

    Full Text Available Objetivo: conocer los determinantes sociales del trabajo infantil y las políticas para la diversidad en trabajo y educación en Corrientes,  ubicada en el nordeste de Argentina (NEA desde un punto existencial. Método: Se acude al análisis de documentos y estadísticas, además de la consulta a informantes calificados en trabajo y educación. Resultados: El análisis estadístico muestra que las enormes desigualdades regionales persistentes y los problemas de extrema pobreza infantil proporcionan condiciones para que el trabajo infantil aumente. En cuanto a la naturaleza y perfil del trabajo infantil en Corrientes, se observa que hay diversidad de sexo, edad, cultura, tipo de trabajo, duración del día, etc. Conclusiones: El trabajo infantil constituye una flagrante violación de los derechos humanos, que necesita erradicarse a partir de numerosas políticas interministeriales e intersectoriales, siendo necesario políticas de y para la diversidad en educación a fin de incorporar al sistema educativo. Existen informaciones parciales y limitadas, faltando datos oficiales de toda la Provincia, lo que impide pensar en las políticas en y para la diversidad en la escuela que los incluya a través de nuevas metodologías, contenidos, recursos, docentes y gestores proactivos.

  10. Neoadjuvant Chemotherapy for Facilitating Surgical Resection of Infantile Massive Intracranial Immature Teratoma.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kitahara, Takahiro; Tsuji, Yoshihito; Shirase, Tomoyuki; Yukawa, Hiroyuki; Takeichi, Yasuhiro; Yamazoe, Naohiro

    2016-04-01

    Immature teratoma (IMT) is the most frequent histological subtype of infantile intracranial teratoma, the most common congenital brain tumor. IMT contains incompletely differentiated components resembling fetal tissues. Infantile intracranial IMT has a dismal prognosis, because it is often inoperable due to its massive size and high vascularity. Neoadjuvant chemotherapy has been shown to be effective in decreasing tumor volume and vascularity to facilitate surgical resection in other types of infantile brain tumors. However, only one recent case report described the effectiveness of neoadjuvant chemotherapy for infantile intracranial IMT in the literature, even though it is common entity with a poor prognosis in infants. Here, we describe the case of a 2-month-old male infant with a very large intracranial IMT. Maximal surgical resection was first attempted but was unsuccessful because of severe intraoperative hemorrhage. Neoadjuvant carboplatin and etoposide (CARE) chemotherapy was then administered with the aim of shrinking and devascularizing the tumor. After neoadjuvant chemotherapy, tumor size did not decrease, but intraoperative blood loss significantly decreased and near-total resection was achieved by the second and third surgery. The patient underwent adjuvant CARE chemotherapy and has been alive for 3 years after surgery without tumor regrowth. Even when neoadjuvant chemotherapy does not decrease tumor volume of infantile intracranial IMT, surgical resection should be tried because chemotherapy can facilitate surgical resection and improve clinical outcome by reducing tumor vascularity.

  11. A case of infantile osteopetrosis: The radioclinical features with literature update.

    Science.gov (United States)

    El-Sobky, Tamer Ahmed; Elsobky, Ezzat; Sadek, Ismaiel; Elsayed, Solaf M; Khattab, Mohamed Fawzy

    2016-06-01

    Osteopetrosis is a rare hereditary metabolic bone disorder characterized by generalized skeletal sclerosis caused by a defect in bone resorption and remodelling. Infantile autosomal recessive osteopetrosis is one of three subtypes of osteopetrosis and the most severe form. The correct and early diagnosis of infantile osteopetrosis is important for management of complications and for future genetic counselling. Diagnosis is largely based on clinical and radiographic evaluation, confirmed by gene testing where applicable. Therefore, in this case study the classical clinical and radiological signs of a boy with infantile osteopetrosis will be presented with a comprehensive literature update. The differentiating signs from other causes of hereditary osteosclerosing dysplasias are discussed. This case study and review of available literature show that there tends to be a highly unique clinical and skeletal radiographic pattern of affection in infantile osteopetrosis. Although tremendous advances have been made in the elucidation of the genetic defect of osteopetrosis over the past years, the role of accurate clinical and radiological assessment remains an important contributor to the diagnosis of infantile osteopetrosis.

  12. The controversial role of food allergy in infantile colic: evidence and clinical management.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Nocerino, Rita; Pezzella, Vincenza; Cosenza, Linda; Amoroso, Antonio; Di Scala, Carmen; Amato, Francesco; Iacono, Giuseppe; Canani, Roberto Berni

    2015-03-19

    Food allergies (FAs) are an increasing problem in Western countries, affecting up to 10% of young children. FAs are frequently associated with gastrointestinal manifestations. The role of FAs as a potential causative factor for infantile colic (IC) is still controversial. We report the most recent evidence on the pathogenesis, clinical and diagnostic aspects of FA-induced infantile colic (IC) and suggest a stepwise diagnostic approach. We selected articles on clinical and immunologic features, pathogenesis and management of FAs and IC from of 1981 to 2015. Original and review articles were identified through selective searches performed on PubMed, using the following terms: colic, infantile colic, food allergy and infantile colic, infantile colic treatment. The possible relationship between FAs and IC derives from the presence of dysmotility with visceral hypersensitivity and dysbiosis, demonstrated in both conditions, and the clinical response to dietary interventions. Unfortunately, the design of the studies, poor characterization of atopy and different dietary approaches limit the understanding of the importance of FAs in subjects with IC. The role of FAs in IC subjects without other symptoms of atopy remains controversial. However, where there is a suspicion of FAs, a short trial with an extensively hydrolyzed cow's proteins formula or, if breast fed, with maternal elimination diet may be considered a reasonable option.

  13. Failure to thrive and cognitive development in toddlers with infantile anorexia.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Chatoor, Irene; Surles, Jaclyn; Ganiban, Jody; Beker, Leila; Paez, Laura McWade; Kerzner, Benny

    2004-05-01

    The goal of this study was to examine the relative contributions of growth deficiency and psychosocial factors to cognitive development in toddlers with infantile anorexia. Eighty-eight toddlers, ranging in age from 12 to 33 months, were enrolled in this study. Toddlers were evaluated by 2 child psychiatrists and placed into 1 of 3 groups: infantile anorexia, picky eater, and healthy eater. All 3 groups were matched for age, race, gender, and socioeconomic status (SES). Toddlers underwent nutritional evaluations and cognitive assessments with the Bayley Scales of Infant Development. Toddlers and their mothers were also videotaped during feeding and play interactions, which later were rated independently by 2 observers. On average, toddlers with infantile anorexia performed within the normal range of cognitive development. However, the Mental Developmental Index (MDI) scores of the healthy eater group (MDI = 110) were significantly higher than those of the infantile anorexia (MDI = 99) and picky eater (MDI = 96) groups. Within the infantile anorexia group, correlations between MDI scores and the toddlers' percentage of ideal body weight approached statistical significance (r =.32). Across all groups, the toddlers' MDI scores were associated with the quality of mother-child interactions, SES level, and maternal education level. Collectively, these variables explained 22% of the variance in MDI scores. This study demonstrated that psychosocial factors, such as mother-toddler interactions, maternal education level, and SES level, are related to the cognitive development of toddlers with feeding problems and explain more unique variance in MDI scores than nutritional status.

  14. MR diagnosis of infantile teratoma in sacrococcygeal region

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Xu Jianchang; Gao Zhiqin; Lou Jianghua

    2009-01-01

    Objective: To discuss the MR manifestations of infantile teratoma in sacrococcygeal region and to evaluate the diagnostic value of MR. Methods: Retrospective analysis was adopted on the MR results of 15 affected infants. Results: The tumors in 2 cases located in hip, which is mainly cystic, circular or ellipse shaped with septum and fat signal can be seen. The wall and septum of the cysts can be reinforced in contrast enhanced imaging. The tumor in 1 case located total in pelvic cavity, presenting cystic and solitary mixed signal. The solitary part, cystic wall and septum can be obviously unequally reinforced in contrast enhanced imaging. In the rest 12 cases, the most parts of tumors located in pelvic cavity and small parts in hip presenting mainly cystic and partly solitary mixed signal. The solitary part, cystic wall and septum can be reinforced in contrast enhanced imaging. Conclusion: MR can accurately display the location and shape of teratoma in sacrococcygeal region and is contribute to diagnose and differentiate benign or malignant lesion, in order to help clinician to choose operation method. (authors)

  15. Linfonodo pulmonar na paracoccidioidomicose aguda infantil (relato de um caso

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    Evanil Pires de Campos

    1992-09-01

    Full Text Available Observou-se a evolução de um linfonodo pulmonar na paracoccidioidomicose (PCM aguda infantil. Doente, masculino, 6 anos, branco, natural de Curitiba (PR, procedente de Guaratinguetá (SP, que há 3 meses desenvolveu quadro gripal, febre diária, bimodal, prolongada, precedida de calafrio, acompanhada de sudorese inodora, cefaléia frontal e anorexia. Diagnosticado e tratado como pneumonia por cinco dias, sem melhora do quadro. Há 2 meses, apresentou dor óssea nos braços e articulações do pé, com edema inflamatório e emagrecimento de 6 kg em 3 meses. Exame físico revelou: peso 20 kg; estatura 120 cm; P. A. 90/60 mmHg; facies atípica, hipoativo, palidez cutâneo-mucosa (+ +, hipotrofia muscular, adenopatiageneralizada, sopro sistólico suave em foco aórtico acessório e hepatesplenomegalia. Imunodifusão com exoantígeno glicoprotéico 43 kdpositiva (1/32. A biópsia de gânglio revelou Paracoccidioides brasiliensis. A radiologia demonstrou na primeira consulta, discreto infiltrado intersticial bilateral com linfoadenomegaliapara-hilar que desaparecu em 30 dias. Observou- se, ainda, massa tumoral mediastínica superior, hiperplasia do sistema fagocítico mononuclear e lesões osteolíticas nos 60 dias iniciais da evolução.

  16. Contribution of Embodiment to Solving the Riddle of Infantile Amnesia

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    Arthur M Glenberg

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available At least since the late nineteenth century, researchers have sought an explanation for infantile amnesia (IA—the lack of autobiographical memories dating from early childhood—and childhood amnesia (CA, faster forgetting of events up until the age of about seven. Evidence suggests that IA occurs across altricial species, and a number of studies using animal models have converged on the hypothesis that maturation of the hippocampus is an important factor. But why does the hippocampus mature at one time and not another, and how does that maturation relate to memory? Our hypothesis is rooted in theories of embodied cognition, and it provides an explanation both for hippocampal development and the end of IA. Specifically, the onset of locomotion prompts the alignment of hippocampal place cells and grid cells to the environment, which in turn facilitates the ontogeny of long-term episodic memory and the end of IA. That is, because the animal can now reliably discriminate locations, location becomes a stable cue for memories. Furthermore, as the mode of human locomotion shifts from crawling to walking, there is an additional shift in the alignment of the hippocampus that marks the beginning of adult-like episodic memory and the end of CA. Finally, given a reduction in self-locomotion and exploration with aging, the hypothesis suggests a partial explanation for cognitive decline with aging.

  17. Infantile onset diabetes mellitus in developing countries - India

    Science.gov (United States)

    Varadarajan, Poovazhagi

    2016-01-01

    Infantile onset diabetes mellitus (IODM) is an uncommon metabolic disorder in children. Infants with onset of diabetes mellitus (DM) at age less than one year are likely to have transient or permanent neonatal DM or rarely type 1 diabetes. Diabetes with onset below 6 mo is a heterogeneous disease caused by single gene mutations. Literature on IODM is scanty in India. Nearly 83% of IODM cases present with diabetic keto acidosis at the onset. Missed diagnosis was common in infants with diabetes (67%). Potassium channel mutation with sulphonylurea responsiveness is the common type in the non-syndromic IODM and Wolcott Rallison syndrome is the common type in syndromic diabetes. Developmental delay and seizures were the associated co-morbid states. Genetic diagnosis has made a phenomenal change in the management of IODM. Switching from subcutaneous insulin to oral hypoglycemic drugs is a major clinical breakthrough in the management of certain types of monogenic diabetes. Mortality in neonatal diabetes is 32.5% during follow-up from Indian studies. This article is a review of neonatal diabetes and available literature on IODM from India. PMID:27022444

  18. Serum cholinesterase activity in infantile and juvenile spinal muscular atrophy.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Niebroj-Dobosz, I; Hausmanowa-Petrusewicz, I

    1989-09-01

    Serum acetylcholinesterase (AChE) and pseudocholinesterase (ChE) activity in infantile and juvenile spinal muscular atrophy (SMA) was determined. The total AChE activity was either normal or decreased in the childhood SMA (Type 1), the other SMA groups and disease controls (ALS, X-linked SMA). In the majority of SMA Type 1 cases (6/7 tested) an absence of the asymmetric A12 form was found. This was accompanied by changes in the other asymmetric and globular forms. The latter was, however, not specific for SMA Type 1 cases. The ChE activity was increased in the majority of SMA cases as well as disease controls. The asymmetric A12 ChE form was increased in all SMA Type 3 cases, the values of this form in SMA Type 1 was variable. A change in the ChE globular forms in SMA Type 1 and SMA Type 2 was a frequent finding. It is suggested that the absence of the asymmetric A12 AChE form in SMA Type 1 arises because of muscle cell immaturity and undeveloped muscle-nerve interactions. The reason of ChE changes is obscure.

  19. Cooperar para competir: narrativas de un entrenador de baloncesto infantil

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    Joan Arumí Prat

    2016-06-01

    Full Text Available La investigación que se presenta en esta tesis narra la experiencia vivida por un entrenador de un equipo de baloncesto de categoría infantil. En el marco conceptual de la tesis se analiza la relación de comunicación establecida entre entrenadores y deportistas en el contexto deportivo y, a la vez, hay un posicionamiento hacia un modelo de entrenador cooperativo. Este modelo de entrenador tiene en consideración la comunicación de sus deportistas y, coherentemente, utiliza estrategias didácticas de aprendizaje cooperativo. Bajo el enfoque constructivista en educación y la perspectiva sociocultural se va construyendo un perfil de entrenador que ve al deportista como un agente activo, que entiende la cooperación como un proceso de comunicación y comprende que el contexto en el que se encuentra es competitivo y, por lo tanto, interesa ganar partidos

  20. Parasitismo intestinal en círculos infantiles

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    Miguel Gómez Vital

    1999-01-01

    Full Text Available Se estudiaron 1 113 niños asistentes a 5 círculos infantiles del municipio de Santa Clara, Villa Clara; con el propósito de analizar la incidencia de parasitismo intestinal. Se les procesaron las muestras de heces fecales mediante 3 métodos coproparasitológicos; demostrándose que el 42,2 % de la muestra estaba parasitada. Las especies más frecuentes fueron la Giardia lamblia, el Enterobius vermicularis y la Entamoeba histolytica, con asociaciones de parásitos en varios casos. Estos son más frecuentes a partir del tercer año de vida. Se resalta la influencia positiva del médico y enfermera de la familia en estas instituciones.1 113 children attending 5 day cae centers in Santa Clara, Villa Clara, were studied aimed at analyzing the incidence of intestinal parasitism. Faeces samples were processed by 3 coproparasitological methods and it was proved that 42.2 % of the samples had parasites. The most frequent species found were Giardia lamblia, enterobius vernmicularis and Entamoeba histolytica with associations of parasites in several cases. These are commoner from the third year of life on. The positive influence of the family physician and nurse in these institutions are stressed.

  1. A estrutura fatorial do Teste de Criatividade Figural Infantil

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Tatiana de Cássia Nakano

    Full Text Available Com o objetivo de investigar evidências de validade do Teste de Criatividade Figural Infantil, instrumento que visa avaliar 12 características criativas (Fluência, Flexibilidade, Elaboração, Originalidade, Expressão de Emoção, Perspectiva Incomum, Perspectiva Interna, Fantasia, Movimento, Uso de Contexto, Extensão de Limites e Títulos Expressivos, uma análise fatorial foi realizada visando uma melhor compreensão acerca do agrupamento dessas características. Estudantes de 1a a 8a séries do Ensino Fundamental (n=1253, 599F / 654M responderam ao instrumento. A análise fatorial apontou uma estrutura composta por quatro fatores (enriquecimento de idéias, aspectos cognitivos, emotividade e preparação criativa, que foi adotado como modelo de interpretação do instrumento devido à sua consistência com a literatura científica.

  2. Enzyme replacement therapy for infantile-onset Pompe disease.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Chen, Min; Zhang, Lingli; Quan, Shuyan

    2017-11-20

    Infantile-onset Pompe disease is a rare and progressive autosomal-recessive disorder caused by a deficiency of the lysosomal enzyme acid alpha-glucosidase (GAA). Current treatment involves enzyme replacement therapy (with recombinant human alglucosidase alfa) and symptomatic therapies (e.g. to control secretions). Children who are cross-reactive immunological material (CRIM)-negative require immunomodulation prior to commencing enzyme replacement therapy.Enzyme replacement therapy was developed as the most promising therapeutic approach for Pompe disease; however, the evidence is lacking, especially regarding the optimal dose and dose frequency. To assess the effectiveness, safety and appropriate dose regimen of enzyme replacement therapy for treating infantile-onset Pompe disease. We searched the Cochrane Cystic Fibrosis and Genetic Disorders Group's Inborn Errors of Metabolism Trials Register, which is compiled from electronic database searches and handsearching of journals and conference abstract books. We also searched the Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials (CENTRAL), Embase (Ovid), PubMed and LILACS, and CBM, CNKI, VIP, and WANFANG for literature published in Chinese. In addition, we searched three online registers: WHO International Clinical Trials Registry Platform ClinicalTrials.gov, and www.genzymeclinicalresearch.com. We also searched the reference lists of relevant articles and reviews.Date of last search of the Group's Inborn Errors of Metabolism Trials Register: 24 November 2016. Randomized and quasi-randomized controlled trials of enzyme replacement therapy in children with infantile-onset Pompe disease. Two authors independently selected relevant trials, assessed the risk of bias and extracted data. We contacted investigators to obtain important missing information. We found no trials comparing the effectiveness and safety of enzyme replacement therapy to another intervention, no intervention or placebo.We found one trial (18 participants

  3. Review of the book: Neuropsychology of infantile abandonment and mistreatment

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Alfonso Barca

    2015-07-01

    Full Text Available Review of: Fernández, R.M. (Coord. (2014. Neuropsychology of infantile abandonment and mistreatment. Barcelona: Hilo Rojo. 207 pp. ISBN: 978-84-941620-7-7. Depósito legal: B 4535-2014. This book deals with an important current topic: the mistreatment and/or abandonment of children who have been adopeted, mostly from abroad. There are 14 chapters and 15 authors.  The central problem revolves around childhood abuse and the authors have focused on a neuro-bio-psychological explanation to understand what happens in the brain of a child who is abused, and, most importantly, their behavior during and after physical or psychological abuse or mistreatment.  Toward the end of the book the main measures that should be taken in this kind of situation are presented.  Generally, the authors cover the essence of the topics brought up and the presentation is always done with extreme scientific rigor and terminological and conceptual precision.

  4. Concepcion del Maltrato Infantil y los Patrones de Crianza

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ruth E Caicedo-Fonseca

    2007-12-01

    Full Text Available Existen situaciones y comportamientos de la persona, familia y colectivos, que por diferentes circunstancias pueden propiciar la Violencia Intrafamiliar conllevando al Maltrato Infantil. El que se presenten estos factores predispone a la aparicion del maltrato, pero esto no significa que necesariamente el resultado de tales comportamientos desemboque en violencia contra los miembros del nucleo familiar, pero si es seguro que esas personas son mas vulnerables al problema. Cuando la persona traduce el castigo fisico como practica educativa, la primera consecuencia es la asociacion del amor con la violencia. El niflo aprende que aquel que mas le ama es tambien aquel que le pega y que tiene derecho a hacerlo, paradojica negativa para el futuro de ese niflo/a que lleva una vision generalizada para sus proximas relaciones como la de esposo/a, o padres, o hijo/a. Para evitar llegar a lo anterior se deben usar las costumbres beneficas que se transmiten de generaci6n en generaci6n como parte del patron cultural, que tienen que ver como los padres, crian, cuidan y educan a sus hijos, dependen de lo aprendido, de lo vivido y la influencia cultural que se ejerce en cads una de las generaciones, llamadas pautas o Patrones de Crianza, que en conjunto se convierten en una garantia para los mas vulnerables: los niflos/as.

  5. Oculomotor neurocircuitry, a structural connectivity study of infantile nystagmus syndrome.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Nasser H Kashou

    Full Text Available Infantile nystagmus syndrome (INS is one of the leading causes of significant vision loss in children and affects about 1 in 1000 to 6000 births. In the present study, we are the first to investigate the structural pathways of patients and controls using diffusion tensor imaging (DTI. Specifically, three female INS patients from the same family were scanned, two sisters and a mother. Six regions of interest (ROIs were created manually to analyze the number of tracks. Additionally, three ROI masks were analyzed using TBSS (Tract-Based Spatial Statistics. The number of fiber tracks was reduced in INS subjects, compared to normal subjects, by 15.9%, 13.9%, 9.2%, 18.6%, 5.3%, and 2.5% for the pons, cerebellum (right and left, brainstem, cerebrum, and thalamus. Furthermore, TBSS results indicated that the fractional anisotropy (FA values for the patients were lower in the superior ventral aspects of the pons of the brainstem than in those of the controls. We have identified some brain regions that may be actively involved in INS. These novel findings would be beneficial to the neuroimaging clinical and research community as they will give them new direction in further pursuing neurological studies related to oculomotor function and provide a rational approach to studying INS.

  6. Infantile Systemic Hyalinosis: A Case Report with a Novel Mutation

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Siham Al Sinani

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available Infantile Systemic Hyalinosis (ISH (OMIM 236490 is a rare, progressive and fatal autosomal recessive disorder characterized by multiple subcutaneous skin nodules, gingival hypertrophy, osteopenia, joint contractures, failure to thrive, diarrhea with protein losing enteropathy, and frequent infections. There is diffuse deposition of hyaline material in the skin, gastrointestinal tract, muscle and endocrine glands. It is caused by mutations in the ANTXR2 (also known as CMG2 gene, which encodes a trans-membranous protein involved in endothelial development and basement membrane-extracellular matrix assembly. We describe a child with classical features of ISH presenting in infancy with severe chronic debilitating pain and progressive joint contractures. The diagnosis was confirmed by molecular DNA sequencing of ANTXR2 gene which revealed a novel homozygous mutation not previously reported; 79 bp deletion of the entire exon 11 (c.867_945del, p.E289DfsX22. Although this is the first reported case of ISH in Oman, we believe that the disease is under-diagnosed since children affected with this lethal disease pass away early in infancy prior to establishing a final diagnosis.

  7. The changing epidemiology of infantile hypertrophic pyloric stenosis in Scotland.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sommerfield, T; Chalmers, J; Youngson, G; Heeley, C; Fleming, M; Thomson, G

    2008-12-01

    The aetiology of infantile hypertrophic pyloric stenosis (IHPS) has not been fully elucidated. Since the 1990s, a sharp decline in IHPS has been reported in various countries. Recent research from Sweden reported a correlation between falling rates of IHPS and of sudden infant death syndrome (SIDS). This was attributed to a reduction in the number of infants sleeping in the prone position following the "Back to Sleep" campaign. To describe the changing epidemiology of IHPS in Scotland, to examine the relationship between IHPS and SIDS rates and to examine trends in other factors that may explain the observed reduction in IHPS incidence. Incidence rates of IHPS and SIDS were derived from routine data and their relationship analysed. Trends in mean maternal age, maternal smoking, mean birth weight and breastfeeding rates were also examined. The whole of Scotland between 1981 and 2004. IHPS incidence fell from 4.4 to 1.4 per 1000 live births in Scotland between 1981 and 2004. Rates were consistently higher in males, although the overall incidence patterns in males and females were similar. Rates showed a positive relationship with deprivation. The fall in the incidence of IHPS preceded the fall in SIDS by 2 years and the incidence of SIDS displayed less variability than that of IHPS. Significant temporal trends were also observed in other maternal and infant characteristics. There has been a marked reduction in Scotland's IHPS incidence, but this is unlikely to be a consequence of a change in infant sleeping position.

  8. Information on infantile colic on the World Wide Web.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bailey, Shana D; D'Auria, Jennifer P; Haushalter, Jamie P

    2013-01-01

    The purpose of this study was to explore and describe the type and quality of information on infantile colic that a parent might access on the World Wide Web. Two checklists were used to evaluate the quality indicators of 24 Web sites and the colic-specific content. Fifteen health information Web sites met more of the quality parameters than the nine commercial sites. Eight Web sites included information about colic and infant abuse, with six being health information sites. The colic-specific content on 24 Web sites reflected current issues and controversies; however, the completeness of the information in light of current evidence varied among the Web sites. Strategies to avoid complications of parental stress or infant abuse were not commonly found on the Web sites. Pediatric professionals must guide parents to reliable colic resources that also include emotional support and understanding of infant crying. A best evidence guideline for the United States would eliminate confusion and uncertainty about which colic therapies are safe and effective for parents and professionals. Copyright © 2013 National Association of Pediatric Nurse Practitioners. Published by Mosby, Inc. All rights reserved.

  9. PUBLICIDAD INFANTIL EN LAS REDES SOCIALES: TIPOGRAFÍA DIGITAL

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jaime Pabón Villamizar

    2014-06-01

    Full Text Available La evolución tecnológica y publicitaria ha producido paralelamente la vinculación infantil en su entorno consumista, debido a que los niños han pasado a ser un target muy apetecido por su vulnerabilidad. Las redes sociales permiten a los medios publicitaros a través de internet humanizar las marcas, creando perfiles en las diversas plataformas de sociabilización digital, ofreciéndole además un valor adicional a los productos, llegando a los niños de forma más directa y personal, con el fin de dejar una “huella mental” para así vincularse de forma estrecha con ellos. Para esto la publicidad crea una nueva estrategia que permite llegar de forma más eficiente a los infantes, perfeccionando la expresión audiovisual y resaltando la tipografía como medio más frecuente en internet y relevante en la compresión del mensaje y así generar publicidades totalmente efectivas creando dependencias de las marcas, no sólo en la actualidad sino a futuro.

  10. The natural course of infantile Pompe's disease : 20 original cases compared with 133 cases from the literature

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    van den Hout, HMP; Hop, W; van Diggelen, OP; Smeitink, JAM; Smit, GPA; Poll-The, BTT; Bakker, HD; Loonen, MCB; de Klerk, JBC; Reuser, AJJ; van der Ploeg, AT

    Objective. Infantile Pompe's disease is a lethal cardiac and muscular disorder. Current developments toward enzyme replacement therapy are promising. The aim of our study is to delineate the natural course of the disease to verify endpoints of clinical studies. Methods. A total of 20 infantile

  11. Cost-effectiveness of enzyme replacement therapy with alglucosidase alfa in classic-infantile patients with Pompe disease

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    T.A. Kanters (Tim A.); I Hoogenboom-Plug (Iris); M.P.M.H. Rutten-van Mölken (Maureen); W.K. Redekop (Ken); A.T. van der Ploeg (Ans); L. van Hakkaart-van Roijen (Leona)

    2014-01-01

    textabstractBackground: Infantile Pompe disease is a rare metabolic disease. Patients generally do not survive the first year of life. Enzyme replacement therapy (ERT) has proven to have substantial effects on survival in infantile Pompe disease. However, the costs of therapy are very high. In this

  12. Infantile autism in children of immigrant parents. A population-based study from Göteborg, Sweden.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gillberg, C; Steffenburg, S; Börjesson, B; Andersson, L

    1987-06-01

    A population-based study of infantile autism from western Sweden has been completed. Urban children with autism more often than age-matched children in the general population had immigrant parents from 'exotic' countries. No such trend was seen in rural children with infantile autism.

  13. Using of WHO guidelines for the management of severe malnutrition to cases of marasmus and kwashiorkor in a Colombia children's hospital Aplicación del protocolo de la OMS de malnutrición marasmo-kwashiorkor en un hospital de Colombia

    OpenAIRE

    D. Ramírez Prada; G Delgado; C. A. Hidalgo Patino; J. Pérez-Navero; M. Gil Campos

    2011-01-01

    Background: In 2007, the Hospital Infantil Los Ángeles (HILA) in Colombia implemented a slightly-modified version of the WHO guidelines for the diagnosis and management of malnutrition during childhood. Objective: To evaluate the efficacy of the WHO-HILA protocol in children hospitalized with severe, chronic marasmus and kwashiorkor malnutrition (MS-KWK) in 2007 and 2008. Material and methods: In this descriptive retrospective study the records of 100 children hospitalized with MSKWK were ini...

  14. Early Infantile Leigh-like Gene Defects Have a Poor Prognosis: Report and Review

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Majid Alfadhel

    2017-10-01

    Full Text Available Solute carrier family 19 (thiamine transporter, member 3 ( SCL19A3 gene defect produces an autosomal recessive neurodegenerative disorder associated with different phenotypes and acronyms. One of the common presentations is early infantile lethal Leigh-like syndrome. We report a case of early infantile Leigh-like SLC19A3 gene defects of patients who died at 4 months of age with no response to a high dose of biotin and thiamine. In addition, we report a novel mutation that was not reported previously. Finally, we review the literature regarding early infantile Leigh-like SLC19A3 gene defects and compare the literature with our patient.

  15. Three solutions to a single problem: alternative casting frames for treating infantile idiopathic scoliosis.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Halanski, Matthew A; Harper, Benjamin L; Cassidy, Jeffry A; Crawford, Haemish A

    2013-07-01

    This is a technique article discussing 3 alternative frames for casting children with infantile scoliosis. To provide surgeons with alternatives to expensive specialized casting tables to allow local treatment of these children utilizing readily available materials present at most institutions. Casting for infantile scoliosis has become more popular as reports have shown promising results with this technique without the morbidity and complications associated with more invasive procedures. However, without a specialized casting table, treating these patients has been limited to a few centers throughout the country often causing patients to travel large distances to receive care. Three different alternatives to commercially available casting frames are presented. Requirements, setup, and techniques are discussed. Each surgeon has had success with each of these frames. These provide adequate support and traction while allowing enough access to the trunk to apply a well-molded cast. Cotrel/Metha casting for infantile scoliosis can be accomplished without a specialized table using commonly available equipment.

  16. CT study of infantile cerebral vitamin B1 deficiency (analysis of 22 cases)

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Liu Bin; Xi Meifang; Wang Mengding; Wang Chaoxiu

    1998-01-01

    Purpose: To study the CT features of infantile cerebral vitamin B 1 deficiency. Methods: The authors retrospectively reviewed the clinical manifestations and CT findings of 22 cases of infantile vitamin B 1 deficiency. Results: The main clinical signs were seizure malaise dullness and vomiting. CT scans showed bilateral symmetrical hypodense foci in lenticular nucleus (20/22), head of caudate nucleus (15/22), thalamus (3/22), anterior limb of internal capsule (4/22), external capsule (1/22) and para-ventricle white matter (2/22), and in many cases, signs of cerebral atrophy. 22 cases received thiamine treatment and were fully recovered. Conclusion: The authors concluded that bilateral symmetric hypodense foci in lenticular nucleus thalamus, head of caudate nucleus, anterior limb of internal capsule, external capsule and para-ventricle white matter were important CT signs suggestive of infantile cerebral vitamin B 1 deficiency

  17. Infantile sexuality: Its place in the conceptual developments of Anna Freud and Donald W. Winnicott.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Joyce, Angela

    2016-06-01

    This essay explores the place of infantile sexuality in the theories of Anna Freud and Donald W Winnicott. Both Anna Freud and D.W. Winnicott incorporated and at the same time changed the classical psychoanalytic account of infantile sexuality and the instinctual drives. Whilst Anna Freud remained closer to her father's original conceptualization, she developed a multidimensional model of development which gave the drives a foundational status whist also maintaining their significance in giving meaning and texture to children's subjective experience. Winnicott also retained much of S. Freud's original theorizing except that in a fundamental way he turned it on its head when considering earliest development. For him the establishment of the self was paramount, and the drives and infantile sexuality merely served to give substance to that self. Copyright © 2016 Institute of Psychoanalysis.

  18. ALGLUCOSIDASE ALFA — A NEW STAGE IN THE THERAPY OF INFANTILE POMPE DISEASE

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    E. N. Basargina

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available Pompe disease is a rare severe hereditary disease caused by excessive glycogen storage in organs and target tissues due to the acid α-glucosidase gene mutation. Infantile and adult Pompe disease is characterized by involvement of cardiovascular, respiratory and muscular systems in the pathological process. The only specific method of treating Pompe disease is enzyme replacement therapy (intravenous administration of recombinant human acid glucosidase, the effectiveness whereof depends on the time the therapy started. Since such a therapy was introduced into practice, Pompe disease mortality decreased by 79%. 6 children with infantile Pompe disease were observed and treated at the cardiovascular care unit of the Scientific Center of Children’s Health in 2011‑2014. The article presents a clinical case demonstrating capabilities of diagnosing infantile Pompe disease in Russia and effective application of alglucosidase alfa in 4-month-old child. 

  19. Cognitive Development in Infantile-Onset Pompe Disease Under Very Early Enzyme Replacement Therapy.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lai, Chih-Jou; Hsu, Ting-Rong; Yang, Chia-Feng; Chen, Shyi-Jou; Chuang, Ya-Chin; Niu, Dau-Ming

    2016-12-01

    Most patients with infantile-onset Pompe disease die in early infancy before beginning enzyme replacement therapy, which has made it difficult to evaluate the impact of Pompe disease on cognitive development. Patients with infantile-onset Pompe disease can survive with enzyme replacement therapy, and physicians can evaluate cognitive development in these patients. We established an effective newborn screening program with quick clinical diagnostic criteria. Cognitive and motor development were evaluated using the Bayley Scales of Infant and Toddler Development-Third Edition at 6, 12, and 24 months of age. The patients who were treated very early demonstrate normal cognitive development with no significant change in cognition during this period (P = .18 > .05). The cognitive development was positively correlated with motor development (r = 0.533, P = .011). The results indicated that very early enzyme replacement therapy could protect cognitive development in patients with infantile-onset Pompe disease up to 24 months of age. © The Author(s) 2016.

  20. Pedagogia de Projetos como metodologia no trabalho com a educação infantil

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Patricia Frageri

    2016-12-01

    Full Text Available Este artigo teve como tema a Pedagogia de Projetos como metodologia no trabalho com a Educação Infantil e a pesquisa foi realizada na escola Gente Feliz de Sinop. A investigação teve como objetivo conhecer em que consiste a metodologia de trabalho pautada na pedagogia de projetos, e suas interfaces, no contexto da educação infantil. Os instrumentos de pesquisa foram entrevista e questionário com duas professoras. Os resultados mostram que a instituição prioriza a metodologia de trabalho por projetos e que as professoras estão familiarizadas com essa metodologia buscando construir junto com as crianças as práticas pedagógicas diárias. Palavra-chave: educação infantil; Pedagogia de Projetos; metodologia de trabalho.

  1. Trabajo infantil, pobreza y desarrollo local en el municipio de Buenaventura. Un estudio de caso

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Oscar Jehiny Larrahondo Ramos

    2010-01-01

    Full Text Available El presente texto es el resultado del estudio denominado “Trabajo infantil y factores de vulnerabilidad en Buenaventura”, el cual describe y perfila algunas consideraciones sobre el trabajo infantil y su relación con la pobreza y el Desarrollo Local en el municipio de Buenaventura en el año 2010, a partir de cinco espacios de interrelación laboral en los que se presenta la problemática. Aquí, se muestran algunas definiciones conceptuales pertinentes sobre el Trabajo Infantil y la Pobreza, al igual que una serie de hallazgos, al mismo tiempo que un conjunto de recomendaciones o conclusiones al respecto.

  2. Democratic Administration and Family Participation in the Extent of the Infantile Education

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Bianca Cristina Côrrea

    2007-06-01

    Full Text Available The present work presents reflections concerning democratic administration and family participation in the infantile education that were part of my Dissertation of Master's degree. The main objective of the research was to observe existent practices or potentials of participation of the families in the infantile education. The work incuded as the bibliographical research as field research, this last one accomplished along one year in municipal school of infantile education (EMEI in the city of São Paulo that assists children from 4 to 6 years. The results of the research indicated that, although there was effort on the part of the professionals of the school in accomplishing a quality work to involve the participation of the families, also counted with institutionalized mechanisms of participation and adopted other actions to promote it, it lacked speakers to discuss its practice heading to the wanted objectives.

  3. Mortalidad infantil y migración en Chiapas, México

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Olga Lidia Lópes-Gonzáles

    2010-01-01

    Full Text Available El objetivo de este trabajo fue analizar, en términos causales, la relación entre mortalidad infantil y migración en cuatro zonas socioeconómicas de la región Soconusco en Chiapas, México. El análisis de este estudio se basó en los resultados de una encuesta socio demográfica y de salud con base poblacional (probabilística que se llevó a cabo en el Soconusco, Chiapas en 1996-97. Se contrastan zonas con distinta condición socioeconómica, cultural y productiva. Se realizó análisis de regresión lineal y logística para identificar el efecto de la migración y la mortalidad infantil, así como de la migración y la zona geográfica sobre la tasa de mortalidad infantil. Los datos muestran que aunque más del 70% de la varianza de la mortalidad infantil se explica por la migración, no existe evidencia de una relación causal concluyente. La relación identificada entre mortalidad infantil, migración y zonas geográficas orientan a una explicación alternativa. Planteamos la hipótesis de que en la región estudiada, la magnitud y características de la emigración, así como de las tasas de mortalidad infantil, son consecuencia de las condiciones de vulnerabilidad económica y social de las poblaciones.

  4. Mortalidad infantil y migración en Chiapas, México

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Olga Lidia Lópes-Gonzáles

    2010-07-01

    Full Text Available El objetivo de este trabajo fue analizar, en términos causales, la relación entre mortalidad infantil y migración en cuatro zonas socioeconómicas de la región Soconusco en Chiapas, México. El análisis de este estudio se basó en los resultados de una encuesta socio demográfica y de salud con base poblacional (probabilística que se llevó a cabo en el Soconusco, Chiapas en 1996-97. Se contrastan zonas con distinta condición socioeconómica, cultural y productiva. Se realizó análisis de regresión lineal y logística para identificar el efecto de la migración y la mortalidad infantil, así como de la migración y la zona geográfica sobre la tasa de mortalidad infantil. Los datos muestran que aunque más del 70% de la varianza de la mortalidad infantil se explica por la migración, no existe evidencia de una relación causal concluyente. La relación identificada entre mortalidad infantil, migración y zonas geográficas orientan a una explicación alternativa. Planteamos la hipótesis de que en la región estudiada, la magnitud y características de la emigración, así como de las tasas de mortalidad infantil, son consecuencia de las condiciones de vulnerabilidad económica y social de las poblaciones.

  5. La mortalidad infantil y la mortalidad materna en el siglo XXI

    OpenAIRE

    Aguirre, Alejandro

    2009-01-01

    La mortalidad infantil y la mortalidad materna han sido reducidas de manera sustancial en los países desarrollados, por lo cual en esas naciones la mortalidad tiende a concentrarse en las edades avanzadas de las poblaciones. Sin embargo, en países como México no está ocurriendo un avance relevante en la disminución de la mortalidad infantil y materna, pues a pesar de los notables progresos conseguidos en ese sentido durante las décadas recientes, para seguir avanzando se requieren fuertes inv...

  6. ¿Ludistas o convencidos? Una aproximación a la realidad televisiva infantil

    OpenAIRE

    Francés Barceló, María Teresa

    2005-01-01

    Las aproximaciones teóricas a la realidad televisiva infantil siguen mostrando un horizonte desolador, sembrado de alusiones constantes a la violencia, la vacuidad de los mensajes, la pobreza de su lenguaje o la carga ideológica que arrastran consigo los contenidos y, la influencia de todo ello, claro está, en las mentes inmaduras de los más pequeños. Si bien es cierto que el panorama de la programación infantil encuentra en estas apreciaciones parte de su verdad, muchas encierran...

  7. Tratamiento de la psicomotricidad en el segundo ciclo de la educación infantil

    OpenAIRE

    Lasaga Rodríguez, María José; Campos Mesa, María del Carmen; Ries, Francis

    2013-01-01

    Con nuestra investigación pretendemos conocer el tratamiento que recibe la psicomotricidad en el segundo ciclo de la Educación Infantil, desde la opinión de los maestros que se encuentran desarrollando esta profesión. Para ello hemos pasado un cuestionario desde el año 2005 al 2011 a una muestra de 76 sujetos. Tras los resultados obtenidos podemos concluir que los maestros que imparten docencia en el grado de Educación Infantil consideran importante el trabajo de psicomotricidad en sus clase...

  8. El conducto de Serres: alta prevalencia en mandíbulas infantiles

    OpenAIRE

    Hernández Huaripaucar, Edgar; Hernández, Liliana Gisela

    2011-01-01

    Objetivo. Conocer algunas características anátomo-topográficas del conducto de Serres y su prevalencia en mandíbulas infantiles, adultas y seniles. Material y método. La muestra estuvo constituida por 45 mandíbulas infantiles, adultas y seniles que presentaron o no el conducto de Serres, provenientes del anfiteatro de Anatomía de la Facultad de Odontología de la Universidad San Luís Gonzaga de Ica. La hipótesis operativa plantea que las características del conducto de Serres estudiad...

  9. Aproximación al discurso referido en el habla infantil

    OpenAIRE

    María José Gallucci; Yanira Pinto

    2017-01-01

    En aquest treball estudiem l’ús del discurs referit en la parla infantil. Descrivim l’estil directe, l’estil indirecte i les cites onomatopeiques des d’una perspectiva sintacticopragmàtica en una mostra de 28 parlants pertanyents al Corpus de habla infantil (Shiro, 1996) tenint en compte el tipus de cita, els marcs introductors, els verbs més freqüents que emmarquen les cites i l’atribució de la paraula. També indaguem, en funció del tipus de l’entrevista analitzada i de les ta...

  10. Estudio sobre las variables que intervienen en el abandono físico o negligencia infantil

    OpenAIRE

    Moreno Manso, Juan Manuel

    2002-01-01

    La escasez de estudios en materia de abandono físico o negligencia determinan un desconocimiento bastante importante de la tipología de maltrato infantil, considerada hoy por hoy como la de mayor incidencia, tanto a través de estudios nacionales como internacionales. Por ello, a través del análisis de diecinueve variables individuales, sociales, relacionales y familiares, pretendemos aportar un mayor conocimiento sobre una práctica de desprotección infantil con...

  11. Estratificación socioeconómica y salud materno infantil en México

    OpenAIRE

    Carlos Javier Echarri Cánovas

    2004-01-01

    El objetivo del artículo es el estudio de la salud de los niños en México, mediante un análisis que tenga como eje la diferenciación social, la atención a la salud materno infantil y la estructura familiar. Se argumenta la necesidad de prestar mas atención al análisis de los determinantes que de los indicadores de salud, en virtud de las características de información disponible y de los niveles de mortalidad infantil. Un aspecto metodológico importante es que lo...

  12. Determinantes sociais e psicológicos do comportamento alimentar infantil

    OpenAIRE

    Andrade, Maria da Graça Massano de Amorim de Mavigné, 1961-

    2014-01-01

    Tese de doutoramento, Psicologia (Psicologia da Saúde), Universidade de Lisboa, Faculdade de Psicologia, 2014 A redução da taxa de crescimento da obesidade infantil é um dos principais objetivos de saúde, a nível nacional e internacional, o que reforça a importância da aquisição de hábitos alimentares saudáveis nos primeiros anos da infância. Uma vasta evidência empírica aponta para a influência de uma multiplicidade de determinantes do comportamento alimentar infantil, sendo contudo neces...

  13. Instrumentos para avaliação de apraxia de fala infantil

    OpenAIRE

    Gubiani, Marileda Barichello; Pagliarin, Karina Carlesso; Keske-Soares, Marcia

    2015-01-01

    RESUMO Objetivo: Revisar sistematicamente na literatura os principais instrumentos utilizados para avaliação da apraxia de fala infantil. Estratégia de pesquisa: Realizou-se busca nas bases Scopus, PubMed e Embase Critérios de seleção: Foram selecionados estudos empíricos que utilizaram instrumentos de avaliação da apraxia de fala infantil. Análise dos dados: A seleção dos artigos foi realizada por dois pesquisadores independentes. Resultados: Foram encontrados 695 resumos. Após a l...

  14. Programa de prevención del sobrepeso y obesidad infantil en centros educativos de Navarra

    OpenAIRE

    Oses Recalde, Maddi

    2017-01-01

    El objetivo general de este TFM es disminuir la prevalencia de sobrepeso y obesidad infantil en navarra. Todo ello para mejorar la salud en la población infantil y consecuentemente mejorar la salud en su edad adulta. Para ello se identifican los siguientes objetivos específicos: 1) Mejorar los hábitos alimentarios de los participantes del proyecto. 2) Aumentar la actividad física de los participantes. 3) Disminuir el sobrepeso y la obesidad de los participantes del programa. Para la ...

  15. La co-creatividad en las marcas transmedia infantiles desde la perspectiva del productor

    OpenAIRE

    Urbano, Rosalía; Aguaded Gómez, José Ignacio; Bernal-Bravo, César

    2018-01-01

    La creatividad es imprescindible en las producciones transmedia, se sitúa en la base para generar una buena franquicia de entretenimiento infantil. En el estudio se detallan las acciones y competencias del productor en su propio modelo creativo, investigación interpretativa de dos estudios de casos sobre marcas transmedia infantiles de animación. Observaciones, entrevistas y análisis de documentos siguiendo la teoría fundamentada, perfecta para la interpretación de información en el área de c...

  16. La música en los juegos de patio en educación infantil

    OpenAIRE

    Escorial Blázquez, Sandra María

    2012-01-01

    Los cambios socioeconómicos y culturales que hemos vivido en las últimas décadas han afectado a todas las estructuras de la sociedad, cambiando las formas de jugar y divertirse de los niños y niñas de infantil. Trataremos de analizar la situación actual que se desarrolla en el patio de recreo infantil. Centrándonos en la música y el juego, como elementos fundamentales que participan en el desarrollo integral de la persona. El recreo es un espacio-tiempo para jugar libremente y todos los utili...

  17. Ciencias Experimentales en el aula de Educación Infantil

    OpenAIRE

    Zamalloa Echevarría, Teresa

    2013-01-01

    Duración (en horas): Más de 50 horas, Destinatario: Estudiante Mediante la metodología de ABP el alumnado de tercer curso del grado de Educación infantil elaborará propuestas didácticas en grupos para el estudio de los contenidos de ciencias experimentales empleando diferentes estrategias y recursos didácticos para la enseñanza/aprendizaje del medio físico y natural en Educación Infantil.

  18. Presentación Monográfico Educación Infantil

    OpenAIRE

    Fernández Martínez, Pilar; Ríos García, Isabel; Fernández Martínez, María del Pilar; Ramos Xavier, Gelta Terezinha

    2016-01-01

    En este Monográfico de la RIE hemos abordado aspectos teóricos y prácticos en distintos escenarios del quehacer educativo en la Educación Infantil que contribuyen al desarrollo social, afectivo, cognitivo y organizativo. En los trabajos que aparecen en él, de una alta calidad investigadora pero muy arraigados a las aulas y a las realidades cotidianas de la escuela infantil, encontramos un punto de unión bajo el enfoque sociocultural de los procesos de enseñanza y aprendizaje, que establece qu...

  19. Las inteligencias múltiples en Educación Infantil

    OpenAIRE

    Ceballos González, Eric

    2015-01-01

    El objetivo del presente trabajo fin de grado es dar una visión de la posibilidades que nos ofrece las inteligencias múltiples para trabajarlas en la educación infantil. Apoyándose en la base de la las teorías de la inteligencia y los avances de la misma hasta llegar a la teoría de las Inteligencias múltiples. Tomando como mayor representante de dicha teoría a Howard Gadner Grado en Educación Infantil

  20. Pedagogia de Projetos como metodologia no trabalho com a educação infantil

    OpenAIRE

    Patricia Frageri

    2016-01-01

    Este artigo teve como tema a Pedagogia de Projetos como metodologia no trabalho com a Educação Infantil e a pesquisa foi realizada na escola Gente Feliz de Sinop. A investigação teve como objetivo conhecer em que consiste a metodologia de trabalho pautada na pedagogia de projetos, e suas interfaces, no contexto da educação infantil. Os instrumentos de pesquisa foram entrevista e questionário com duas professoras. Os resultados mostram que a instituição prioriza a metodologia de trabalho por p...

  1. Significado cultural dos bens de consumo em um concurso de beleza infantil

    OpenAIRE

    Netto, Carla Freitas Silveira

    2010-01-01

    A presente dissertação tem como objetivo ampliar o conhecimento sobre o significado cultural dos bens de consumo, tendo como objeto o fenômeno dos concursos de beleza infantil e suas candidatas. Primeiramente, descrevo os concursos de beleza (adulto e infantil) expondo as principais discussões já geradas sobre o assunto, a fim de apresentar o contexto da pesquisa. Depois, realizo uma revisão teórica da temática dos significados culturais dos bens de consumo, do modelo de movimentação destes s...

  2. Abuso sexual infantil, trastornos de la conducta alimentaria y su tratamiento.

    OpenAIRE

    Denise Saboya; Analia Verónica Losada

    2013-01-01

    Este trabajo aborda las modalidades de tratamientos sistémicos y cognitivos en sujetos que padecieron Abuso Sexual Infantil (ASI) y posteriormente desarrollaron trastornos de la conducta alimentaria, específicamente anorexia y bulimia. Summit (1983) agrupa las acciones familiares y/o judiciales en relación al abuso bajo el nombre de Síndrome de Acomodación al Abuso Sexual Infantil (SAASI). Este incluye cinco etapas: el secreto, el desamparo, el entrampamiento y la acomodación, la revelación t...

  3. Impacto do tabagismo parental sobre a asma infantil

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Francisco-Javier Gonzalez-Barcala

    2013-06-01

    Full Text Available OBJETIVO: Avaliar a exposição da população infantil à FCA em nossa comunidade e sua relação com os sintomas de asma. MÉTODOS: Foi realizado um estudo transversal usando o questionário de estudo ISAAC em crianças e adolescentes da nossa comunidade. Pelo questionário, fez-se a definição por "já ocorreu sibilância", "asma atual", "asma grave" e "asma induzida pelo exercício". O tabagismo parental foi classificado em quatro categorias mutuamente excludentes: 1 nenhum dos pais fuma; 2 somente a mãe fuma; 3 somente o pai fuma; e 4 ambos os pais fumam. Calculou-se a odds ratio da prevalência de sintomas de asma, de acordo com a exposição à FCA, usando regressão logística. RESULTADOS: Foram incluídas, no total, 10.314 crianças e 10.453 adolescentes. Mais de 51% das crianças e adolescentes foram expostos à FCA em casa. A FCA se associa a uma prevalência mais alta de sintomas de asma, particularmente se a mãe ou ambos os pais fumam. CONCLUSÕES: A prevalência da FCA continua a ser alta em nossa comunidade, embora com uma tendência para diminuição nos últimos 15 anos. A FCA se associa a uma prevalência mais alta de asma.

  4. Jardín infantil, en Beniarjó, Valencia

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    García Ordóñez, F. M.

    1964-07-01

    Full Text Available This children's nursery has been provided so that the children of the town can be looked after during the periods when their mothers are busy collecting oranges. The building has, in addition to the director's quarters, eight school rooms, wash rooms, covered playing ground, indoor garden, living quarters for the nuns and a cloister. The various functional parts of the building are well differentiated, both spatially and in style. The lighting and ventilation has been the object of special study, and all the rooms have plenty of light, and are extremely diaphanous. The style aims at giving the children a sense of liberty, and integrating the beauty of the outdoor scenery with the indoor design. The structure is metallic, and the walls are made of light cream coloured brick in the schoolrooms, whilst the small convent walls have a rustic tyrolean surface.Este jardín infantil ha sido construido con el fin de que los niños de Beniarjó puedan ser atendidos, durante la ausencia de sus madres, en la época de la recolección de la naranja. El edificio consta de las siguientes zonas: dirección, ocho aulas, laboratorios, aseos, juegos cubiertos, jardín interior, residencia de religiosas y claustro. Cada una constituye un elemento bien diferenciado dentro del conjunto, por su individualidad volumétrica y por su carácter. Han sido cuidadosamente estudiadas la iluminación y ventilación de las diversas dependencias, y se ha conseguido, felizmente, que el conjunto ofrezca una gran diafanidad, crear un ambiente de gran libertad en los niños, e incorporar la belleza del paisaje a todos los rincones del edificio. La estructura es metálica y predomina el ladrillo visto, de color hueso, en las aulas y la tirolesa rústica en el pequeño convento.

  5. Results of Casting in Severe Curves in Infantile Scoliosis.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Stasikelis, Peter J; Carpenter, Ashley M

    2018-04-01

    Previous work has demonstrated best results for casting in infantile scoliosis when the curves are small and the child begins casting under 2 years of age. This study examines if casting can delay the need for growth friendly instrumentation in severe curves (50 to 106 degrees) and how the comorbidities of syrinx or genetic syndromes affected outcomes. All children undergoing casting for scoliosis at a single institution over an 8-year period were examined. Inclusion criteria included initial curve at first casting of ≥50 degrees, age ≤3 years at the start of casting, and a minimum follow-up of 3 years. Of 148 children undergoing casting during this period, 44 met our inclusion criteria. All children underwent magnetic resonance imaging. Ten children with a syrinx were identified. Ten children had known genetic syndromes (2 who also had a syrinx). The 26 children without these comorbidities were considered idiopathic. Curve magnitude ranged from 50 to 106 degrees. Nine of the 26 (35%) children in the children with idiopathic curves demonstrated resolution of their curves, while only 3 of the remaining 18 (17%) did. Of the children that did not have resolution of their curves, 14 were maintained over the entire follow-up period to within 15 degrees of their initial curve and 13 were improved 15 degrees or more. Only 5 children had an increase of 15 degrees or more over the follow-up period and 4 of these have undergone growth friendly instrumentation after a mean delay from initial cast of 71 months (range, 18 to 100 mo). This study demonstrates that even in severe curves, casting was effective in delaying instrumentation in all cases, and led to curve resolution of the curves in 12 of 44 children. Level III-case control study.

  6. Epidemiologia del parasitismo intestinal infantil en el Valle del Guadalquivir

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Pérez Armengol Cristina

    1997-01-01

    Full Text Available FUNDAMENTO: Las parasitosis intestinales en los niños constituyen un problema de salud pública que debe ser valorado periódicamente en cada región. En este trabajo se aborda, por primera vez en la región natural del Valle del Guadalquivir, un estudio amplio sobre la prevalencia del parasitismo intestinal en la población infantil de la zona. MÉTODOS: Durante el período 1994-1996, mediante análisis coprológico y método de Graham, se ha estudiado a 1.917 niños y niñas asintomáticos, con edades comprendidas entre seis y diez años, residentes en veinte localidades del Valle del Guadalquivir. RESULTADOS: El índice global de parasitación ha sido del 27,12 %. Las especies parásitas detectadas, así como sus prevalencias fueron: Enterobius vermicularis (20,44%, Giardia lamblia (5,05%, Entamoeba coli (2,45%, Endolimax nana (1,61%, Entamoeba histolytica (0,31%, Entamoeba hartmanni (0,05%, Iodamoeba bütschlii (0,05%. CONCLUSIONES: La prevalencia global encontrada es similar a la de otras regiones españolas, aunque quizás pueda considerarse algo más favorable. No se detectan geohelmintos, debido posiblemente a la mejora de la infraestructura higiénico-sanitaria y a los efectos de la prolongada sequía en la zona. La giardiasis, a diferencia de las restantes protozoosis, mantiene una prevalencia relativamente alta.

  7. PRRT2 links infantile convulsions and paroxysmal dyskinesia with migraine

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cloarec, Robin; Bruneau, Nadine; Rudolf, Gabrielle; Massacrier, Annick; Salmi, Manal; Bataillard, Marc; Boulay, Clotilde; Caraballo, Roberto; Fejerman, Natalio; Genton, Pierre; Hirsch, Edouard; Hunter, Alasdair; Lesca, Gaetan; Motte, Jacques; Roubertie, Agathe; Sanlaville, Damien; Wong, Sau-Wei; Fu, Ying-Hui; Rochette, Jacques; Ptáček, Louis J.

    2012-01-01

    ABSTRACT Objective: Whole genome sequencing and the screening of 103 families recently led us to identify PRRT2 (proline-rich-transmembrane protein) as the gene causing infantile convulsions (IC) with paroxysmal kinesigenic dyskinesia (PKD) (PKD/IC syndrome, formerly ICCA). There is interfamilial and intrafamilial variability and the patients may have IC or PKD. Association of IC with hemiplegic migraine (HM) has also been reported. In order to explore the mutational and clinical spectra, we analyzed 34 additional families with either typical PKD/IC or PKD/IC with migraine. Methods: We performed Sanger sequencing of all PRRT2 coding exons and of exon-intron boundaries in the probands and in their relatives whenever appropriate. Results: Two known and 2 novel PRRT2 mutations were detected in 18 families. The p.R217Pfs*8 recurrent mutation was found in ≈50% of typical PKD/IC, and the unreported p.R145Gfs*31 in one more typical family. PRRT2 mutations were also found in PKD/IC with migraine: p.R217Pfs*8 cosegregated with PKD associated with HM in one family, and was also detected in one IC patient having migraine with aura, in related PKD/IC familial patients having migraine without aura, and in one sporadic migraineur with abnormal MRI. Previously reported p.R240X was found in one patient with PKD with migraine without aura. The novel frameshift p.S248Afs*65 was identified in a PKD/IC family member with IC and migraine with aura. Conclusions: We extend the spectrum of PRRT2 mutations and phenotypes to HM and to other types of migraine in the context of PKD/IC, and emphasize the phenotypic pleiotropy seen in patients with PRRT2 mutations. PMID:23077017

  8. Ingreso Temprano al Control Prenatal en una Unidad Materno Infantil

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    Delia Moya-Plata

    2010-12-01

    Full Text Available Introducción: El control prenatal se define como todas las acciones y procedimientos, sistemáticos y periódicos, destinados a la prevención, diagnostico y tratamiento de los factores que pueden coordinar la morbilidad y mortalidad materna y perinatal. La muerte de una madre es una tragedia evitable que afecta una vida joven llena de grandes esperanzas; es una de las experiencias más traumáticas que puede sufrir una familia y afecta seriamente el bienestar, la supervivencia y el desarrollo de los hijos, especialmente de los más pequeños. Todo lo anterior trae como consecuencia el debilitamiento de la estructura social en general. Materiales y Métodos: Es un estudio descriptivo de corte transversal, en el cual, se identificaron aspectos importantes como las variables sociodemográficas, clínicas, barreras de acceso y adherencia para el ingreso temprano al control prenatal de las gestantes que consultan a una unidad materno infantil. Resultados: El control prenatal representa una estrategia básica que permite identificar factores de riesgo y alteraciones fisiológicas en toda paciente gestante. Los resultados expresados en Le presente trabajo muestran el impacto favorable cuando no inciden las variables de riesgo. Discusión y Conclusiones: Queda demostrado que con un número suficiente de controles prenatales y efectuados en forma precoz, estas pacientes pueden ser contenidas en su situación y se llega a disminuir en forma muy importante la mortalidad perinatal. (Rev Cuid 2010;1(1:44-52.Palabras clave: Atención Prenatal, Factores Epidemiológicos, Accesibilidad a los Servicios de Salud. (Fuente: DeCS BIREME.

  9. A ATIVIDADE LÚDICA INFANTIL E SUAS POSSIBILIDADES

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ana Cristina Pimentel Carneiro de Almeida

    2008-06-01

    Full Text Available A brincadeira sempre esteve presente na vida da criança, contribuindo para o seu processo de desenvolvimento. Dessa forma, buscou-se o entendimento do significado, as possibilidades e controvérsias do jogo, a partir de diferentes enfoques. Utilizando-se de uma revisão bibliográfica, partiu-se de uma definição de termos como jogo, brincadeira e brinquedo, para melhor compreensão do assunto. Em seguida, analisou-se a evolução da brincadeira em diferentes fases do desenvolvimento da criança, na visão de alguns autores tais como Piaget e Vygotski, bem como o brinquedo enquanto objeto e suas qualidades, na tentativa de compreender a atividade lúdica infantil nos dias atuais, diante da subordinação à industrialização e ao avanço tecnológico. Dentre os pontos destacados, ressaltam-se os benefícios da atividade lúdica e os prejuízos de sua ausência. Deve-se proporcionar à criança momentos desta atividade e uma educação para usufruí-la nas diversas fases de sua vida, de maneira a atender suas necessidades intrínsecas. Deve-se destacar que o contato com a variedade de brinquedos estimula a ação, a representação e a imaginação da criança, ajudando-a até a superar diferentes barreiras e proporcionando o desenvolvimento da criatividade.

  10. La huella del folclore en la literatura infantil

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    Margarita CASANUEVA HERNÁNDEZ

    2009-11-01

    Full Text Available RESUMEN: La huella del folclore es abundante en la literatura infantil y adquiere su presencia viva en lo que Cervera denomina «literatura ganada» (cuentos tradicionales, rimas y juegos con soporte literario. Pero también lo imaginario en la «literatura creada» enlaza a menudo con el folclore y, aunque no participe del carácter tradicional, popular y anónimo del mismo, responde a idénticos componentes de psiquismo profundo y a la necesidad de simbolizarlos, y posee similar estructura a los relatos del pasado. Trataremos del valor educativo de este tipo de composiciones poéticas o narrativas, sin olvidarnos del «teatro de animación», ni de su más válida manifestación en el aula: la dramatización o juegos de libre expresión dramática abierta a la imaginación y a la creatividad del niño.SUMMARY: Traces of folklore are abundant in children's literature and they acquire a living presence in what Cervera calls «earned literature» (traditional stories, rhymes and games with a literaty support. But the imaginary aspect in «creative literature » also ties in with folklore and, although it is not a part of its traditional, popular and anonymous character, it does respond to identical components of the deep psyche and the need to symbolize them, and has a structure similar to the stories of the past. Our study also deals with the educational value of folklbric narratives and verse, without overlooking «participatory drama», or its most important expression in the classroom: dramatization or games of free dramatic open to the imagination and creativity of the child.

  11. Apocalipsis y literatura en Cien años de soledad de Gabriel García Márquez, La guerra del fin del mundo de Mario Vargas Llosa y Estrella distante de Roberto Bolaño

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Laura Luche

    2013-07-01

    Full Text Available The study examines three novels of apocalyptic character, Cien años de soledad by Gabriel García Márquez, La guerra del fin del mundo by Mario Vargas Llosa and Estrella distante by Roberto Bolaño. Both in Cien años de soledad and in La guerra del fin del mundo apocalypse is related to the sudden and forced graft of modernity in a backward society and to the inability of the ruling class to understand the disturbing and devastating aspects of such a graft and, more generally, to understand themselves, their own development, their own history. Through the metaliterary component that characterizes them, Garcia Marquez’s and Vargas Llosa’ novels represent literature as an instrument that as memory, as a form of processing and understanding of history, can help to prevent the repetition of the apocalypse they narrate. In Bolaño’s novel, on the contrary, writers seem not to have any cognitive power anymore and their literature not only doesn’t play any salvific role, but rather becomes one of the elements that contributes to the historical catastrophe.

  12. Uma Mudança em Andamento: a Troca de “Casa” da Torcida do Clube Náutico Capibaribe sob o Olhar da Casa e da Rua de Roberto DaMatta

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Bruno Rafael Torres Ferreira

    2016-05-01

    Full Text Available A reformulação dos estádios para a Copa do Mundo ilustra a chegada do conceito de arena ao futebol brasileiro. Nesse contexto, a Arena Pernambuco converteu-se em uma parceria entre o consórcio responsável pela gestão da arena e o Clube Náutico Capibaribe. A associação promove uma situação nova para a torcida alvirrubra, que se depara com a mudança do Estádio dos Aflitos, que congrega muito da história do clube, para a Arena Pernambuco, um novo modelo de estádio. Assim, buscamos compreender como a torcida do Náutico significa esses espaços sociais. Para tal, realizamos uma etnografia da comunicação e usamos a perspectiva teórica de Roberto DaMatta como lente para interpretação dos achados, que nos levaram a refletir como esses estádios ganharam significados a partir de dois pontos de vista: um ligado a uma visão de mundo específica de uma sociedade e outro fundamentado nas regras e valores de uma ordem social vigente.

  13. Manuel Grijalvo, Un Obispo Burgales en Filipinas. By Roberto Blanco Andrés. Burgos: Publicaciones de la Excma. Diputación de Burgos, 2011. 88 pages, plates.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Grace Liza Y. Concepcion

    2012-12-01

    Full Text Available This brief biography is one among many published works by RobertoBlanco Andrés, a Spanish historian who specializes in the history of religious orders in the Philippines, particularly the Augustinians. The aim of the present work is simple. It is to recount Fray Manuel Grijalvo’s life as a religious priest who occupied key positions in the Augustinian Order and in the Philippine church as bishop of Nueva Caceres (now Naga in the first half of the 19th century, at a time when both the Order and the church in the Philippines were undergoing transition. This succinct narration of an Augustinian bishop’s lifeopens a window through which one can appreciate Philippine history in the 19th century. Although brief, the summary of Grijalvo’s years in the Philippines, spent in Manila and Nueva Caceres, gives a relatively complete view of the challenges that the Catholic Church was facing in this era, both within the Augustinian Order and in the Diocese of Nueva Caceres. This is so because Grijalvo was an Augustinian missionary who also occupied key posts as parish priest in Batangas towns (1814 -1818 and in Pasig (1833 -1839 and 1831-1847. He was also procurator and prior of the Order between 1818 and 1832. In1848, he was appointed bishop of Nueva Caceres, a post he occupied until his death in 1861. His life, therefore, encapsulates the struggles and challenges of the Philippine Catholic Church and the Spanish colonial government.

  14. Obesidad infantil: la prevención comienza al amamantar a los bebés (Childhood Obesity – Prevention Begins with Breastfeeding)

    Centers for Disease Control (CDC) Podcasts

    2011-08-02

    Este podcast se basa en la edición de agosto del informe de los CDC Vital Signs del 2011. La obesidad infantil es una epidemia en los Estados Unidos y la lactancia materna puede ayudar a prevenirla. Sin embargo, una de cada tres madres deja de amamantar a su bebé si no cuenta con la guía y apoyo del hospital. Cerca del 95% de los hospitales carece de políticas que brinden apoyo total a la lactancia materna. Dichas instituciones deben esforzarse más para ayudar a que las madres empiecen a amamantar a sus bebés y continúen haciéndolo.  Created: 8/2/2011 by Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC).   Date Released: 8/2/2011.

  15. Diagnóstico genético e clínico do autismo infantil Genetic and clinical diagnosis of infantile autism

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    MARIA IONE FERREIRA DA COSTA

    1998-03-01

    Full Text Available Os principais objetivos deste estudo foram caracterizar variáveis selecionadas para um melhor entendimento e diagnóstico do autismo infantil, tais como: achados clínicos e de imagem, critérios diagnósticos, frequência de distúrbios neuropsiquiátricos nos familiares dos propósitos, recorrência familiar e a ocorrência de consanguinidade entre os pais dos propósitos e entre outros casais da família. A amostra foi constituída de 36 propósitos, de ambos os sexos e na faixa etária de 1 a 20 anos, pertencentes a 35 famílias distintas, todos com diagnóstico clínico de autismo infantil. Os resultados foram os seguintes: a deficiência mental foi observada clinicamente em todos os pacientes da amostra e convulsão em 27,8%; distúrbios neuropsiquiátricos foram referidos em pelo menos um familiar dos propósitos (97,14 % das famílias, autismo recorrente em 11,42 % e consanguinidade nos pais (11,42 %, avós e bisavós (2,86 %; achados anormais de tomografia computadorizada de crânio foram verificados em três propósitos. O conjunto destes resultados reforça a sugestão do modelo de herança multifatorial com limiar diferencial para sexo no autismo infantil. A avaliação clínica de todo caso de autismo infantil deverá contemplar sempre os aspectos neurológicos, psiquiátricos e genéticos.The main objectives of this study were to characterize the selected variables for a better understanding and diagnosis of infantile autism such as clinical and image findings, diagnostic criteria, frequency of neuropsychiatric disorders in the subjects' families, familial recurrence and occurrence of consanguinity between the subjetcs' parents and between other couples in the family. The sample was composed of 36 subjects of both sexes, in the age group from 1 through 20 years old, members of 35 distinctive families, all of which presenting clinical diagnosis for infantile autism. Mental retardation was clinically observed in all subjects of the

  16. Fonoaudiologia e educação infantil: uma parceria necessária Speech therapy and infantile education: a necessary partnership

    OpenAIRE

    Poliana Carla Santos Maranhão; Sabrina Maria Pimentel da Cunha Pinto; Cristiane Monteiro Pedruzzi

    2009-01-01

    OBJETIVO: investigar as informações que os professores de educação infantil possuem em relação a Fonoaudiologia na escola, bem como sobre temas ligados à área de linguagem. MÉTODOS: foi aplicado um questionário, contendo 17 questões objetivas em uma amostra com 73 professores de educação infantil da rede municipal de ensino da cidade de Maceió-AL. RESULTADOS: os participantes relacionaram a atuação fonoaudiológica na escola à presença de alterações no desenvolvimento da criança. O índice de p...

  17. Pyloromyotomy for infantile hypertrophic pyloric stenosis using a ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Department of Pediatric Surgery, Tanta University Hospital, Faculty of Medicine,. Tanta University, Tanta, Egypt .... performed good disinfection of the umbilicus before the ... 7 Misra D, Mushtaq I. Surface umbilical pyloromyotomy. Eur J Pediatr ...

  18. Our experience in the management of infantile hydrocephalus: A study on thirty-five regrouped cases in Yaounde, Cameroon

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    F F Mouafo Tambo

    2011-01-01

    Full Text Available Background: Hydrocephalus is a frequent central nervous system disorder in children, and despite its importance, it has not been sufficiently studied in developing countries. Patients and Methods: A prospective and descriptive study on 35 cases of infantile hydrocephalus was carried out in the neurosurgery unit of the Yaounde Central Hospital, from March 2008 to January 2010. Results: The mean age of the patients was 6.69΁1.58 months, and the majority of them were in the 0-6 months age group (71.43%. The most frequent causes were congenital malformations, with stenosis of the aqueduct of Sylvius being the most represented (31.43%. As radiological workup, a CT scan was done in more than half of the cases (57.15%, and ventriculo-peritoneal shunting was the main surgical method of management used (94.29%. Infectious complications were observed in 22.86% of our cases. Conclusion: Hydrocephalus is a frequent disorder in this Cameroonian setting affecting mostly the 0-6months age group. For early diagnosis to be made, the head circumference of neonates should be routinely measured in the labour room and followed-up in all medical visits. To avert complications following surgery, rigorous surgical procedures with effective asepsis and appropriate methods and materials for shunting should be used.

  19. Comparative genomic and in situ hybridization of germ cell tumors of the infantile testis

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Mostert, M; Rosenberg, C; Stoop, H; Schuyer, M; Timmer, A; Oosterhuis, W; Looijenga, L

    Chromosomal information on germ cell tumors of the infantile testis, ie, teratomas and yolk sac tumors, is limited and controversial. We studied two teratomas and four yolk sac tumors using comparative genomic hybridization (CGH) and in situ hybridization. No chromosomal anomalies were found in the

  20. Obesidad Infantil.Alimentación,actividad física y medio ambiente

    OpenAIRE

    Cabrerizo, Sofía; Díez, Sara; Fernández, Bibiana

    2018-01-01

    Situación en Asturias del problema de la obesidad infantil,aspectos multifactoriales del problema,y elaboración de una serie de recomendaciones de las evidencias disponibles a partir de las evidencias disponibles y de una revisión bibliográfica. Consejería de Sanidad del Principado de Asturias

  1. Monocular and binocular development in children with albinism, infantile nystagmus syndrome and normal vision

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Huurneman, B.; Boonstra, F.N.

    2013-01-01

    Background/aims: To compare interocular acuity differences, crowding ratios, and binocular summation ratios in 4- to 8-year-old children with albinism (n = 16), children with infantile nystagmus syndrome (n = 10), and children with normal vision (n = 72). Methods: Interocular acuity differences and

  2. Monocular and binocular development in children with albinism, infantile nystagmus syndrome, and normal vision

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Huurneman, B.; Boonstra, F.N.

    2013-01-01

    Abstract Background/aims: To compare interocular acuity differences, crowding ratios, and binocular summation ratios in 4- to 8-year-old children with albinism (n = 16), children with infantile nystagmus syndrome (n = 10), and children with normal vision (n = 72). Methods: Interocular acuity

  3. Psychiatric disorders in individuals diagnosed with infantile autism as children: A case control study

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Mouridsen, S.E.; Rich, B.; Isager, T.

    2008-01-01

    The objective of this study was to compare the prevalence and types of psychiatric disorders in a clinical sample of 118 individuals diagnosed as children with infantile autism (IA) with psychiatric disorders in 336 matched controls from the general population using data from the nationwide Danish...

  4. Autoimmune diseases in parents of children with infantile autism: a case-control study

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Mouridsen, Svend Erik; Rich, Bente; Isager, Torben

    2007-01-01

    This register study compared the rates and types of autoimmune disease in the parents of 111 patients (82 males, 29 females; mean age at diagnosis 5y 5mo [SD 2y 6mo]) with infantile autism (IA) with a matched control group of parents of 330 children from the general population. All parents were...

  5. Determinantes del trabajo infantil y la escolaridad: el caso del Valle del Cauca en Colombia

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sebastián Urueña Abadía

    2009-10-01

    Full Text Available Colombia, al igual que la mayoría de países latinoamericanos, consciente de las repercusiones sociales y económicas negativas del trabajo infantil, se ha comprometido en la lucha por la erradicación de este fenómeno. Prueba de ello es la ratificación por parte del gobierno colombiano en el año 2007, del Convenio 182 de la OIT sobre la Prohibición de las Peores Formas de Trabajo Infantil y la Acción Inmediata para su Eliminación. En el plano regional, como parte del Plan de Desarrollo del Departamento del Valle del Cauca 2008-2011, se está implementando actualmente una estrategia territorial de erradicación del trabajo infantil en sus 42 municipios. Considerando este panorama, este trabajo indaga cuáles son los determinantes del trabajo infantil y la escolaridad en el departamento del Valle a partir de los datos de la Encuesta Nacional de Calidad de Vida del año 2003. Para el análisis se emplea un modelo econométrico Probit Bivariado, que permite el estudio conjunto e interrelacionado de decisiones diferentes, en este caso la asistencia escolar y el trabajo.

  6. Intrauterine nicotine exposure, birth weight, gestational age and the risk of infantile colic

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Milidou, Ioanna; Søndergaard, Charlotte; Jensen, Morten Søndergaard

    Background Preterm and growth restricted infants may have developmental delays or deviant organ function related to the central nervous system and the gastrointestinal tract. Since both organ systems are hypothesized to be involved in the pathogenesis of infantile colic, a condition characterized...

  7. Development of infantile hypertrophic pyloric stenosis in patients treated for oesophageal atresia. A case report

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Qvist, N; Rasmussen, L; Hansen, L P

    1986-01-01

    Two cases of infantile hypertrophic pyloric stenosis (IHPS) developed in 74 patients treated for oesophageal atresia. Treatment of oesophageal atresia is frequently followed by vomiting and failure to thrive due to gastrooesophageal reflux or anastomotic stricture. The diagnose of IHPS must...

  8. Revisión de los principales modelos teóricos explicativos del maltrato infantil

    OpenAIRE

    Juan Manuel Moreno Manso

    2006-01-01

    En este artículo se describen las cinco formas de maltrato infantil y los principales modelos teóricos que a lo largo de los últimos treinta años han tratado de proporcionar explicaciones sobre los fenómenos de abuso sexual, maltrato físico, abandono físico, maltrato emocional y abandono emocional.

  9. W/M serrated osteotomy for infantile Blount's disease in Ghana ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    2015-10-30

    Oct 30, 2015 ... surgical treatment is well suited for developing countries. This study describes .... with infantile Blount's are included for analysis. In this study, we are ... To increase the stability of the osteotomy, the teeth had to be pointed (at ...

  10. Arte en construcción: Actividad veraniega en la biblioteca infantil de la FGSR

    OpenAIRE

    Arellano Yanguas, Villar; Sánchez Tabernero, María

    2001-01-01

    La biblioteca infantil de la Fundación Germán Sánchez Ruipérez se convierte cada verano en un espacio de experimentación que nos permite conjugar la literatura con temas de actualidad o de interés para los lectores, ayudándoles a descubrir diversidad de propuestas de lectura.

  11. Mitochondrial phenylalanyl-tRNA synthetase mutations underlie fatal infantile Alpers encephalopathy

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Elo, Jenni M; Yadavalli, Srujana S; Euro, Liliya

    2012-01-01

    was impaired. Our results imply that the three FARS2 mutations directly impair aminoacylation function and stability of mtPheRS, leading to a decrease in overall tRNA charging capacity. This study establishes a new genetic cause of infantile mitochondrial Alpers encephalopathy and reports a new mitochondrial...

  12. La territorialidad de los cuerpos en el abuso sexual infantil intrafamiliar

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Saldarriaga Pérez, Jorge Eduardo

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available Durante los últimos años se ha dado una expansión del interés investigativo, además de acciones legales, en torno al abuso sexual infantil, considerado un delito que viola los derechos humanos y una constricción al desarrollo infantil. Esta problemática atraviesa diversos escenarios sociales, especialmente la familia, pensada como nicho de protección, seguridad y formación para los niños y niñas. Por lo tanto, desde el tema y el campo del abuso sexual infantil, se pretende en esta investigación comprender las prácticas culturales que sustentan esta problemática al interior de algunas familias en la ciudad de Pereira. Además, y desde este nudo problémico, planteamos una investigación cualitativa, con un marco epistémico desde el construccionismo social, como referente conceptual en el enfoque de la seguridad humana, con claves analíticas en la teoría de la estructuración y metodológicas desde la hermenéutica doble. El objetivo de la investigación fue comprender las prácticas culturales que sustentan el abuso sexual infantil al interior de algunas familias en la Ciudad de Pereira.

  13. Impacto psicológico del maltrato infantil en la sociedad

    OpenAIRE

    Prieto Valderrábano, Lorena

    2015-01-01

    La autora presenta en este trabajo el maltrato infantil, los tipos de maltrato y sus múltiples consecuencias, el impacto psicosocial que acarrea este acto y el proceso de detección y la evaluación que realiza el psicólogo en estos casos

  14. Doing the math: A simple approach to topical timolol dosing for infantile hemangiomas.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Dalla Costa, Renata; Prindaville, Brea; Wiss, Karen

    2018-03-01

    Topical timolol maleate has recently gained popularity as a treatment for superficial infantile hemangiomas, but calculating a safe dose of timolol can be time consuming, which may limit the medication's use in fast-paced clinical environments. This report offers a simplified calculation of the maximum daily safe dosage as 1 drop of medication per kilogram of body weight. © 2018 Wiley Periodicals, Inc.

  15. Infantile Amnesia across the Years: A 2-Year Follow-Up of Children's Earliest Memories

    Science.gov (United States)

    Peterson, Carole; Warren, Kelly L.; Short, Megan M.

    2011-01-01

    Although infantile amnesia has been investigated for many years in adults, only recently has it been investigated in children. This study was a 2-year follow-up and extension of an earlier study. Children (4-13 years old) were asked initially and 2 years later for their earliest 3 memories. At follow-up, their age at the time of these memories…

  16. Estudio de seguridad y salud en la construcción de escuela infantil

    OpenAIRE

    González Márquez, Javier

    2015-01-01

    Se trata de un estudio de seguridad y salud en la construcción de una escuela infantil. Se han tenido en cuenta riesgos propios de la construcción así como en las instalaciones de abastecimiento, electricidad y contraincendios.

  17. On Human Symbiosis and the Vicissitudes of Individuation. Infantile Psychosis, Volume 1.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mahler, Margaret S.

    The concepts of symbiosis and separation-individuation are explained, and the symbiosis theory of infantile psychosis is presented. Diagnostic considerations and clinical cases of child psychosis are reviewed; prototypes of mother-child interaction are described; and therapy is discussed. A summary of the symbiosis theory and a bibliography of…

  18. Efficacy of the combination of VitD3, Ca, and Zn in application of infantile rickets

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Xiao-Yan Lin

    2016-06-01

    Full Text Available Objective: To explore the clinical efficacy of the combination of VitD3, Ca, and Zn in application of infantile rickets. Methods: A total of 70 infants with rickets who were admitted in our hospital from January, 2015 to January, 2016 were included in the study and randomized into the study group and the control group. The patients in the control group were given VitD3 injection, 300 000 IU, IM, 1 time/month, in the first month, and were given VitAD, 1 granule/time, 1 time/d, and D-Cal, 1 bag/time, 1 time/d, in the second month. On this basis, the patients in the study group were given zinc gluconate oral liquid, 10-20 mL/d. Threemonth treatment was regarded as one course. The peripheral blood before and after treatment was collected. The full automatic biochemical analyzer was used to detect Ca, P, Zn, and BALP. ELISA was used to detect 25-(OHD3. The single photon absorptionmeter was used to determine the bone mineral density of radius and ulna. The efficacy was estimated. Results: After treatment, Zn, Ca, P, and 25-(OHD3 in the two groups were significantly elevated, but BALP was significantly reduced when compared with before treatment. The improvement of various biochemical indicators in the study group was significantly superior to that in the control group. After treatment, the bone mineral density of radius and ulna in the two groups was significantly elevated when compared with before treatment. The elevated degree of bone mineral density in the study group was significantly superior to that in the control group. The total effective rate in the study group (94.3% was significantly higher than that in the control group (71.4%. Conclusions: The combination of VitD3, Ca, and Zn in the treatment of infantile rickets can balance the microelement level, synergize to promote the bone formation, and enhance the bone mineral density, with a safe and reliable efficacy; therefore, it deserves to be widely recommended in the clinic.

  19. Niveles de vida y salud en la España del primer franquismo: las desigualdades en la mortalidad infantil

    OpenAIRE

    Bernabeu Mestre, Josep; Caballero Pérez, Pablo; Galiana Sánchez, María Eugenia; Nolasco Bonmatí, Andreu

    2005-01-01

    A partir del estudio de las relaciones entre la mortalidad infantil y el desarrollo socioeconómico y sanitario de las provincias españolas, se analizan las desigualdades en salud que mostraban las diferentes regiones en las décadas centrales del siglo XX. Junto a los trabajos sobre mortalidad infantil y políticas de salud materno infantil llevados a cabo por la Dirección General de Sanidad, para los datos relativos a las condiciones y los niveles de vida, además de las informaciones socioecon...

  20. Programa de promoción de salud para infantes preescolares de círculos infantiles Santa Clara

    OpenAIRE

    Quintero Fleites, Eva Josefina

    2011-01-01

    Con el objetivo de desarrollar un Programa de promoción de salud para infantes preescolares, se realizó una investigación de desarrollo en el área de promoción de salud, con el universo de 34 círculos infantiles del municipio Santa Clara. Las muestras fueron de dos círculos infantiles, tanto para el diagnóstico como para el estudio piloto, y de ocho círculos infantiles para la extensión de la experiencia (cinco experimentales y tres controles). Las etapas investigativas fueron: diagnóst...