WorldWideScience

Sample records for hos collodion baby

  1. Collodion baby: A report of 4 cases

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    owner

    2012-12-28

    Dec 28, 2012 ... Neonates, Genetic Disorder. Introduction. Collodion baby is ... collodion membrane on the body. Fig 2: Note similar ectropion on the limbs. Case 3. Baby M.H, is a two day old male neonate, the fifth child in a polygamous family setting of Fulani descent. The ... and dysmorphic fingernails. Other systems were ...

  2. Scanning electron microscopy of the collodion membrane from a self-healing collodion baby*

    Science.gov (United States)

    de Almeida Jr., Hiram Larangeira; Isaacsson, Henrique; Guarenti, Isabelle Maffei; Silva, Ricardo Marques e; de Castro, Luis Antônio Suita

    2015-01-01

    Abstract Self-healing collodion baby is a well-established subtype of this condition. We examined a male newborn, who was covered by a collodion membrane. The shed membrane was examined with scanning electron microscopy. The outer surface showed a very compact keratin without the normal elimination of corneocytes. The lateral view of the specimen revealed a very thick, horny layer. The inner surface showed the structure of lower corneocytes with polygonal contour. With higher magnifications villous projections were seen in the cell membrane. PMID:26375232

  3. Acral self-healing collodion baby: A case series.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ferrari, Bruno; Martínez, Juan Pablo; Luna, Paula Carolina; Larralde, Margarita

    2016-12-01

    Collodion baby is a term used to describe a phenotype characterized by the presence of a tight, translucent membrane that covers the entire skin at birth. This membrane usually sheds around 10 to 14 days and reveals the underlying disease (mainly different types of Recessive Ichthyosis or other infrequent disorders). A rare variant of this phenotype is known as acral self-healing collodion baby whereby the patients are born with the typical membrane but limited to the hands and feet only, and after it sheds, the skin appears completely normal. We report five cases of this very rare subtype of collodion baby. All the patient cases that are presented involved both hands and feet. One of the patients also had the umbilicus embedded in a subtle collodion membrane. None of the patients had a family history of the same entity or any other type of ichthyosis. In all patients, the condition resolved spontaneously within a few weeks and no patients developed any other manifestation. Although no molecular analysis was performed, we contribute to the knowledge of the clinical features of this extremely uncommon and benign entity, since to the best of our knowledge there are only two previous reports available in literature.

  4. Collodion baby: A report of 4 cases

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    owner

    2012-12-28

    Dec 28, 2012 ... cations that follow it. Case Presentation. Case 1. B.H is a day old male baby, the first child of a consan- guineously married couple of Fulani decent. ... Case 4. NR is a female born at 40wks gestation through emer- gency caesarian section due to prolonged labor. APGAR score was 8/9 and birth weight ...

  5. Collodion baby: A report of 4 cases | Obu | Nigerian Journal of ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Introduction: The term collodion baby refers to a clinical entity noted in newborns who are enmeshed by a translucent, cornified substance like sheets of uniform texture so called (collodion membrane) which gives the whole body surface a varnished appearance. Although, some other diseases and conditions may lead to ...

  6. A Rare Case Report of a Collodion Baby with Severe Hypernatremia

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ahmad Farhat

    2017-06-01

    Full Text Available Background: Collodion baby is a rare condition (i.e., 1:300000 birth, which is referred to a neonate covered with a tight and shiny membrane desquamating within two weeks. This condition takes place as a result of the epidermal cornification disorder. Given the impairment of the skin barrier function, these neonates are at the risk of several complications, including hypernatremic dehydration, hypothermia, skin infections, fissures, conjunctivitis, sepsis, dehydration, and constrictive bands of the extremities resulting in vascular compromise and edema. This condition has a high mortality rate; accordingly, the majority of the collodion babies die within the first few weeks of birth due to the secondary complications depending on the type of mutations. Although the collodion membrane is a transient condition, it can lead to a number of complications in 45% of the newborns and result in 11% mortality rate in the first few weeks of the neonatal life. However, in the recent years, the mortality rates have been declined owing to the introduction of systemic retinoids to the clinical practice and the advanced care methods, which are used in the intensive care units. Harlequin ichthyosis has been associated with the mutation in the ABCA12 gene; therefore, genetic counseling and mutation screening of this gene should be considered.Case report: Herein, we reported a case of a collodion baby with favorable evolution, who developed hypernatremia and suffered from some complications having aroused from the condition.Conclusion: Infection prevention and supportive care of collodion babies mainly with incubator, serum therapy, and feeding support can be effective in preventing complications.

  7. Genotypic and Clinical Spectrum of Self-Improving Collodion Ichthyosis: ALOX12B, ALOXE3, and TGM1 Mutations in Scandinavian Patients

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Vahlquist, Anders; Bygum, Anette; Gånemo, Agneta

    2009-01-01

    Infants born with autosomal recessive congenital ichthyosis (ARCI) are often encapsulated in a collodion membrane, which shows a lamellar or erythrodermic type of ichthyosis upon shedding. However, some babies show a nearly normal underlying skin after several weeks, a phenotype called "self-healing...... collodion baby" (SHCB). Mutations in two genes, TGM1 and ALOX12B, have previously been implicated in the etiology of SHCB, but the full genotypic spectrum remains to be determined. DNA sequencing in 11 Swedish and 4 Danish SHCB patients showed ALOX12B mutations in eight cases, ALOXE3 mutations in three...

  8. Genotypic and clinical spectrum of self-improving collodion ichthyosis: ALOX12B, ALOXE3, and TGM1 mutations in Scandinavian patients

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Vahlquist, Anders; Bygum, Anette; Gånemo, Agneta

    2010-01-01

    Infants born with autosomal recessive congenital ichthyosis (ARCI) are often encapsulated in a collodion membrane, which shows a lamellar or erythrodermic type of ichthyosis upon shedding. However, some babies show a nearly normal underlying skin after several weeks, a phenotype called "self-healing...... collodion baby" (SHCB). Mutations in two genes, TGM1 and ALOX12B, have previously been implicated in the etiology of SHCB, but the full genotypic spectrum remains to be determined. DNA sequencing in 11 Swedish and 4 Danish SHCB patients showed ALOX12B mutations in eight cases, ALOXE3 mutations in three...

  9. Safety Assessment of Nitrocellulose and Collodion as Used in Cosmetics.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Fiume, Monice M; Bergfeld, Wilma F; Belsito, Donald V; Hill, Ronald A; Klaassen, Curtis D; Liebler, Daniel C; Marks, James G; Shank, Ronald C; Slaga, Thomas J; Snyder, Paul W; Andersen, F Alan

    2016-07-01

    The Cosmetic Ingredient Review Expert Panel (the Panel) assessed the safety of nitrocellulose and collodion as used in cosmetics, concluding that these ingredients are safe in the present practices of use and concentration in cosmetic formulations. Both ingredients are used almost exclusively in nail product formulations. The maximum concentration of use of nitrocellulose in nail polish and enamels is 22%; for collodion, the maximum reported concentration of use in nail polish and enamel is 14%. The Panel reviewed available animal and clinical data in making its determination of safety. © The Author(s) 2016.

  10. THE ADSORPTION OF EGG ALBUMIN ON COLLODION MEMBRANES.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Dow, P

    1936-07-20

    An experimental study has been made of the adsorption of purified egg albumin, from aqueous solution, on collodion membranes. At protein concentrations of 4 to 7 per cent apparent saturation values were obtained which resembled closely the results obtained with gelatin, showing a maximum at pH 5.0 and lower values on either side of this region. Over large ranges of protein concentration, however, the curves for the adsorption from solutions removed in either direction from the isoelectric point exhibited a different shape from the hyperbola obtained in the neighborhood of pH 5.0. The addition of NaCl to solutions on the acid side tended to obliterate the effect of the pH difference; on the alkaline side it greatly increased the adsorption. The adsorption at 25 degrees was about twice as great as that at 1 degrees . The theory of the swelling of submicroscopic particles, advanced to account for the adsorption behavior of gelatin, is not sufficient to explain the results obtained with egg albumin. It is suggested that the effect is related to alterations in the forces causing the retention of the protein on the membranes.

  11. Hos de uvidende

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Bertelsen, Pernille Scholdan; Dahms, Mona-Lisa

    2004-01-01

    I artiklen "Hos de ?uvidende? ? om tavs viden og teknologisk forandring i Tanzania? undersøges tavs viden som ressource i de teknologiske forandrings - processer, som finder sted i Tanzanias landdistrikter. Med en teoretisk ramme for viden, teknologisk viden og innovation, arbejdes der i artiklen...

  12. Baby Acne

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... Sections Symptoms & causes Diagnosis & treatment Print Overview Baby acne Baby acne Baby acne is usually characterized by small red ... March 30, 2015. Related Baby rashes Milia Baby acne Symptoms & causes Diagnosis & treatment Advertisement Mayo Clinic does ...

  13. Preoperativ angst hos barn

    OpenAIRE

    Bjørnå, Synne Ingrid

    2016-01-01

    Master i anestesisykepleie Tittel og problemstilling: Preoperativ angst hos barn. Er skåringsverktøyet modified Yale Preoperative Anxiety Scale- Short Form (mYPAS-SF) egnet til å vurdere barnets angst? Hvor stor andel av barna opplever preoperativ angst? Er det en sammenheng mellom barnets angst og barnets alder, foreldrenes angst, tidligere anestesi og hastegrad for inngrep/undersøkelse? Bakgrunn: Erfaringsmessig er mange barn som skal opereres engstelige. Dette får n...

  14. Ensamhetsmotivet hos Ivar Arosenius

    OpenAIRE

    Franzén, Niclas

    2010-01-01

    Uppsatsen behandlar ensamhetsmotivet hos konstnären Ivar Arosenius. Ensamhetsbilderna delas in i olika kategorier efter motiv och stämningsläge. Bilderna analyseras sedan med fokus på symbolistiska tendenser, återkommande teman och influenser från andra konstnärer. This paper deals with the solitude motif of the artist Ivar Arosenius. His solitude pictures are divided into different categories according to subject and sentiment. The images are then analyzed with a focus on symbolistic ten...

  15. Botulisme hos et spaedbarn

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Nielsen, Allan Bybeck; Nordly, Sannie Brit; Clausen, Marianne Engel

    2010-01-01

    investigation, contaminated food was not found. One particular batch of canned baby food was suspected and recalled from the market, but no contamination was found. The girl had not ingested honey. The condition is rare, but can be very serious and should be kept in mind in cases presenting with the well...

  16. Feeding Your Baby

    Medline Plus

    Full Text Available ... care Is it safe? Labor & birth Postpartum care Baby Caring for your baby Feeding your baby Common ... X Home > Baby > Feeding your baby Feeding your baby E-mail to a friend Please fill in ...

  17. Identifiable Data Files - Health Outcomes Survey (HOS)

    Data.gov (United States)

    U.S. Department of Health & Human Services — The Medicare Health Outcomes Survey (HOS) identifiable data files are comprised of the entire national sample for a given 2-year cohort (including both respondents...

  18. Feeding Your Baby

    Medline Plus

    Full Text Available ... pump Baby Feeding your baby Other Baby topics ') document.write(' Caring for your baby ') document.write('') } ') document.write(' Feeding your baby ') document.write('') } ') ...

  19. Feeding Your Baby

    Medline Plus

    Full Text Available ... then get ready for solid foods ! In This Topic Breastfeeding help Breastfeeding is best Food allergies and ... breast pump Baby Feeding your baby Other Baby topics ') document.write(' Caring for your baby ') document.write('') } ') ...

  20. Feeding Your Baby

    Medline Plus

    Full Text Available ... and more. Stony Point, NY 10980 Close X Home > Baby > Feeding your baby Feeding your baby E- ... Before or between pregnancies Nutrition, weight & fitness Prenatal care Is it safe? Labor & birth Postpartum care Baby ...

  1. Postoperativ kvalme hos cystektomi-opererede patienter

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Thomsen, L; Kisbye, B; Delmar, Charlotte

    2003-01-01

    Formålet med projektet har været at undersøge og beskrive den foreliggende sygeplejefaglige dokumentation vedrørende postoperativ kvalme hos cystektomi-opererede patienter. I rapporten påpeges de konsekvenser det kan have for den kliniske praksis, hvis der er mangelfuld dokumentation. Desuden giv...

  2. Feeding Your Baby

    Medline Plus

    Full Text Available ... issues and advocacy priorities National Network of Perinatal Quality Collaboratives Launch Prematurity research centers What is team ... and more. Stony Point, NY 10980 Close X Home > Baby > Feeding your baby Feeding your baby E- ...

  3. Your Growing Baby

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... Caring for your baby > Developmental milestones for baby Developmental milestones for baby E-mail to a friend Please ... And she is constantly learning. Major achievements—called developmental milestones—include rolling over, sitting up, standing and possibly ...

  4. Feeding Your Baby

    Medline Plus

    Full Text Available ... your baby Feeding your baby E-mail to a friend Please fill in all fields. Please enter ... hear about breakthroughs for babies and families. Ask a question Our health experts can answer questions about ...

  5. Feeding Your Baby

    Medline Plus

    Full Text Available ... Home > Baby > Feeding your baby Feeding your baby E-mail to a friend Please fill in all fields. Please enter a valid e-mail address. Your information: Your recipient's information: Your personal ...

  6. Feeding Your Baby

    Medline Plus

    Full Text Available ... and more. Stony Point, NY 10980 Close X Home > Baby > Feeding your baby Feeding your baby E- ... Collaborative Info for your patients Medical resources Professional education Awards, scholarships & grants For policy makers Policies & positions ...

  7. Breastfeed Your Baby

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... baby gets cereal or formula instead of breast milk, your body gets a signal that your milk isn’t ... milk. The more your baby nurses, the more milk your body makes. Will my baby be able to sleep ...

  8. Feeding Your Baby

    Medline Plus

    Full Text Available ... baby during the first year of life. Learn how to breastfeed and why breast milk is so good ... you’re feeding your baby formula , find out how to choose the best one for your baby and ...

  9. Feeding Your Baby

    Medline Plus

    Full Text Available ... Home > Baby > Feeding your baby Feeding your baby E-mail to a friend Please fill in all fields. Please enter a valid e-mail address. Your information: Your recipient's information: Your ...

  10. Baby Bath Basics

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... preferably with a built-in hood — mild baby shampoo, mild moisturizing soap, baby wipes, a clean diaper ... bath, a cup of rinsing water and baby shampoo, if needed, ahead of time. This will allow ...

  11. Organic Baby Food: Better for Baby?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Healthy Lifestyle Infant and toddler health Is organic baby food better for my baby? Answers from Jay L. Hoecker, M.D. Organic foods are grown or processed without synthetic fertilizers or pesticides. Feeding ...

  12. Samarbejdets natur hos mennesket og andre aber

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Byrnit, Jill

    2014-01-01

    Omfattende grader af dele-adfærd og samarbejde hos mennesker finder sted overalt på jorden, men det er ikke et menneskeligt særtræk at være generøs og dele. Mange dyrearter deler med artsfæller, skønt måden, der deles på varierer mellem dyrearter. Igennem de sidste 20 år er der foretaget omfatten...... ved, at der implicit i evnen til menneskeligt samarbejde ligger en motivation for at indgå i opgaveløsende relationer og en basal tillidsfuldhed omkring flokmedlemmer, som ikke er en selvfølgelighed for alle flokdyr, men som mennesket har fremavlet hos den tamme hund....

  13. Idrætsskader hos motionisten III

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Fredberg, Ulrich; Honoré, Niels; Charles, Morten

    2015-01-01

    Overbelastningsskader er hyppige – også hos børn. Ofte holdes skaden ved lige på grund af en manglende forståelse for det uhensigtsmæssige i det savtakkede genoptræningsforløb, hvor man genoptager belastningen på maksimalt niveau, så snart smerterne er svundet. Behandlingen består ofte i at forkl......Overbelastningsskader er hyppige – også hos børn. Ofte holdes skaden ved lige på grund af en manglende forståelse for det uhensigtsmæssige i det savtakkede genoptræningsforløb, hvor man genoptager belastningen på maksimalt niveau, så snart smerterne er svundet. Behandlingen består ofte i...

  14. Eosinofil keratitis hos en dansk hest

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Olsen, Emil; Henriksen, Michala de Linde; Andersen, Pia Haubro

    2009-01-01

    Eosinofil keratitis (EK) er en relativt sjælden øjenlidelse hos hest, som især ses i tempererede områder. Klinisk er lidelsen karakteriseret ved én eller multiple corneaulcerationer dækket med hvidt eller gelatinøst proliferativt subepithelialt plaque. Denne casereport, som omhandler en 20-årig...

  15. Årsager til luftvejsinfektioner hos kalve

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Sloth, Karen Helle; Fisker, Irene; Larsen, Lars Erik

    2008-01-01

    Coronavirus gav anledning til flest antistofstigninger hos nyindsatte kalve i tre ud af fire slagtekalvebesætninger i en mindre undersøgelse gennemført i et Dansk Kvæg projekt. I en af besætningerne var der desuden tydelig reaktion mod andre infektioner. Der blev undersøgt for antistoffer mod cor...... coronavirus, BRSV, parainfluenzavirus (P1-2) og Salmonelle dublin....

  16. Årsager til luftvejsinfektioner hos kalve

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Sloth, Karen Helle; Fisker, Irene; Larsen, Lars Erik

    2008-01-01

    Coronavirus gav anledning til flest antistofstigninger hos nyindsatte kalve i tre ud af fire slagtekalvebesætninger i en mindre undersøgelse gennemført i et Dansk Kvæg projekt. I en af besætningerne var der desuden tydelig reaktion mod andre infektioner. Der blev undersøgt for antistoffer mod...... coronavirus, BRSV, parainfluenzavirus (P1-2) og Salmonelle dublin....

  17. Demodex og andre ektoparasitter hos danske katte

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Memborg Jensen, Mia C.; Boysen, Lene; Thamsborg, Stig Milan

    2015-01-01

    Raske katte og katte med hudforandringer blev undersøgt for at belyse forekomst og betydning af Demodex. En tredje gruppe af aflivede vild- og tamkatte blev desuden undersøgt for forekomst af andre ektoparasitter. Forskellige diagnostiske teknikker blev anvendt og evalueret i undersøgelsen. I alt...... indgik 176 katte, som blev undersøgt ved hårpluk, hudskrab, tapetest, flotation affæcesprøve, øreskrab samt kæmning af pelsen. Demodex spp. blev fundet hos tre katte, og hos én af disse blev iagttaget klinisk demodicose. Demodex spp. blev ikke påvist i gruppen af raske katte. Den samlede forekomst af...... ektoparasitter hos de aflivede vild-og tamkatte var 57%. Følgende ektoparasitter blev påvist: Ctenocephalidesfelis felis, Otodectes cynotis, Ixodes spp., Felicola subrostrata,Cheyletiella blakei og Demodex spp.. Alle de anvendte diagnostiske teknikker var effektive til påvisningen af forskellige ektoparasitter...

  18. Baby Boomers

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Annamaria Lamarra

    2012-10-01

    Full Text Available Baby Boomers may be read as a private and public story at the same time, as is fre-quently the case in female autobiographic tales; private experiences are intertwined with the rules of the patriarchal society. Rosy, Annamaria and Roberta are three well known feminist intellectuals; their tale starts from their feelings of loneliness and solitude when in the over crowded sixties they started to be in touch with politics. In those years they discovered their belonging to a History which was silent inside the institutions, a world to which they felt they did not belong. Their path towards themselves owed a lot to the consciousness-raising groups where the private acquires a political meaning and dimension. Their feeling of being part of something which was common to all women gave to each of them the instruments to become something different from what they had been taught a woman had to be. Their book is a fascinating picture of a generation of women in progress towards a new idea of themselves and able in the process to set in motion a revolution in social habits and attitudes towards women.

  19. Musikterapi til reduktion af agitation hos personer med demens

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Ridder, Hanne Mette Ochsner; Stige, Brynjulf

    2015-01-01

    Urolig adfærd hos demensramte på plejehjem kan defineres og måles med fagbegrebet agitation. Agitation har alvorlige konsekvenser for de berørte og kan føre til fald i livskvalitet og øget medicinering hos personer med svær demens, og kan ligeledes føre til udbrændthed hos omsorgsgivere. Agitation....... The concept agitation is used professionally to define and measure disturbing behaviours in people with severe dementia. The causes are multiple and include factors in the psychosocial environment, which suggests that treatment should be holistic and interdisciplinary and not limited to symptom management...

  20. Feeding Your Baby

    Medline Plus

    Full Text Available ... for your baby Feeding your baby Common illnesses Family health & safety Complications & Loss Pregnancy complications Preterm labor & ... health research Prematurity research centers For providers NICU Family Support® Prematurity Campaign Collaborative Info for your patients ...

  1. Feeding Your Baby

    Medline Plus

    Full Text Available ... and your partner to bond with her. Breast milk is the best food for your baby during ... life. Learn how to breastfeed and why breast milk is so good for babies. You and your ...

  2. Feeding Your Baby

    Medline Plus

    Full Text Available ... This Topic Breastfeeding help Breastfeeding is best Food allergies and baby Formula feeding How to breastfeed Keeping ... This Topic Breastfeeding help Breastfeeding is best Food allergies and baby Formula feeding How to breastfeed Keeping ...

  3. Feeding Your Baby

    Medline Plus

    Full Text Available ... your baby Feeding your baby E-mail to a friend Please fill in all fields. Please enter ... Saving Just a moment, please. You've saved this page It's been added to your dashboard . Time ...

  4. Feeding Your Baby

    Medline Plus

    Full Text Available ... threaten our babies. We help moms have full-term pregnancies and healthy babies. If something goes wrong, ... contact donate © 2017 March of Dimes Foundation Privacy, terms and notices Get to know us Prematurity Research ...

  5. Feeding Your Baby

    Medline Plus

    Full Text Available ... what you can do if you have breastfeeding problems or discomforts . If you’re feeding your baby ... breastfeeding log Keeping breast milk safe and healthy Problems and discomforts when breastfeeding Starting your baby on ...

  6. Feeding Your Baby

    Medline Plus

    Full Text Available ... discomforts when breastfeeding Starting your baby on solid foods Using a breast pump Baby ... document.write(' Family health & safety ') document.write('') } Ask our experts! Have a ...

  7. Safe Sleep for Babies

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... serve mothers and babies to deliver culturally appropriate messaging about safe sleep for babies. Monitoring and evaluating ... RSS ABOUT About CDC Jobs Funding LEGAL Policies Privacy FOIA No Fear Act OIG 1600 Clifton Road ...

  8. Baby supplies you need

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... will need: Diapers: (8 to 10 per day). Baby wipes: Unscented, alcohol free. You may want to start with a small supply because some babies are sensitive to them. Vaseline (petroleum jelly): Good ...

  9. Feeding Your Baby

    Medline Plus

    Full Text Available ... baby Common illnesses Family health & safety Complications & Loss Pregnancy complications Preterm labor & premature birth The newborn intensive care ... baby Common illnesses Family health & safety Complications & Loss Pregnancy complications Preterm labor & premature birth The newborn intensive care ...

  10. Feeding Your Baby

    Medline Plus

    Full Text Available ... Feeding your baby Feeding your baby E-mail to a friend Please fill in all fields. Please enter ... Thank you! Your e-mail was sent. Save to my dashboard Sign in or Sign up to ...

  11. Feeding Your Baby

    Medline Plus

    Full Text Available ... discomforts when breastfeeding Starting your baby on solid foods Using a breast pump Baby Feeding your ... health & safety ') document.write('') } Ask our experts! Have a question? ...

  12. Feeding Your Baby

    Medline Plus

    Full Text Available ... so good for babies. You and your baby may need time and practice to get comfortable breastfeeding, ... t be afraid to ask for help ; you may just need a little extra time and support ...

  13. Feeding Your Baby

    Medline Plus

    Full Text Available ... baby Feeding your baby E-mail to a friend Please fill in all fields. Please enter a ... you can make a difference and let your friends know you are helping end premature birth. Become ...

  14. Feeding Your Baby

    Medline Plus

    Full Text Available ... Global Map Premature Birth Report Cards Careers Archives Health Topics Pregnancy Before or between pregnancies Nutrition, weight & ... your baby Feeding your baby Common illnesses Family health & safety Complications & Loss Pregnancy complications Preterm labor & premature ...

  15. Feeding Your Baby

    Medline Plus

    Full Text Available ... sign in | my dashboard | sign out our cause health topics stories & media research & professionals get involved Search ... your baby Feeding your baby Common illnesses Family health & safety Complications & Loss Pregnancy complications Preterm labor & premature ...

  16. Feeding Your Baby

    Medline Plus

    Full Text Available ... her grow healthy and strong. It’s also a great time for you and your partner to bond with her. Breast milk is the best food for your baby during the first year of life. Learn how to breastfeed and why breast milk is so good for babies. You and your baby may need ...

  17. Feeding Your Baby

    Medline Plus

    Full Text Available ... Partner Spotlight Become a partner World Prematurity Day What's happening in your area Find out about local events, news, programs, and more. Stony Point, NY 10980 Close X Home > Baby > Feeding your baby Feeding your baby E-mail to a friend Please fill in all ...

  18. Feeding Your Baby

    Medline Plus

    Full Text Available ... of Dimes Mom & Baby Relief Fund Become a youth volunteer leader Partner Spotlight Become a partner World ... Your recipient's information: Your personal message: Thank you! ...

  19. Health Issues of Premature Babies

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... Text Size Email Print Share Health Issues of Premature Babies Page Content Because premature babies are born before they are physically ready ... associated with prematurity. Because of these health concerns, premature babies are given extra medical attention and assistance ...

  20. Feeding Your Baby

    Medline Plus

    Full Text Available ... or discomforts . If you’re feeding your baby formula , find out how to choose the best one for your baby and how to make bottle-feeding safe. And then get ready for solid foods ! In This Topic Breastfeeding help Breastfeeding ... feeding How to breastfeed Keeping a breastfeeding log ...

  1. Feeding Your Baby

    Medline Plus

    Full Text Available ... story in our community. Featured articles Advocacy and Government Affairs issues and advocacy priorities National Network of ... to bond with her. Breast milk is the best food for your baby during ... baby may need time and practice to get comfortable breastfeeding, but you’ll get ...

  2. Feeding Your Baby

    Medline Plus

    Full Text Available ... for your baby Feeding your baby Common illnesses Family health & safety Complications & Loss Pregnancy complications Preterm labor & premature ... document.write(' Common illnesses ') document.write('') } ') document.write(' Family health & safety ') document.write('') } Ask our experts! Have a ...

  3. Feeding Your Baby

    Medline Plus

    Full Text Available Time is running out Give today to help moms and babies before the year is over. DONATE NOW Time is running out Give today to help moms ... this page It's been added to your dashboard . Time to eat! Feeding your baby helps her grow ...

  4. Feeding Your Baby

    Medline Plus

    Full Text Available ... your baby Feeding your baby E-mail to a friend Please fill in all fields. Please enter a valid e-mail address. Your information: Your recipient's ... Sign up to save this page. Saving Just a moment, please. You've saved this page It's ...

  5. Babies Need Tummy Time

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... Look Like? How Can Caregivers Create a Safe Sleep Environment? Babies Need Tummy Time! FAQs Myths and Facts ​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​ Printer-Friendly Email Page Skip sharing on social media links Babies Need Tummy Time! Page Content Tummy ...

  6. Hvordan kan sykepleieren lindre tungpusthet hos den lungekreftrammede pasienten?

    OpenAIRE

    Rostad, Synne Marie; Røshol, Karoline

    2015-01-01

    NORSK: Bakgrunn: Lungekreft er den kreftformen som gir størst dødelighet i Norge, og det er forventet en økning i antall nye tilfeller. Symptombyrden hos disse pasientene er høy. Allerede ved diagnosetidspunktet er 10-15% av de med lungekreft rammet av tungpusthet. Erfaringsmessig er det vanskelig for sykepleiren å stå i en situasjon hvor pasienten med lungekreft føler at han blir kvelt. Hensikt: Økt kunnskap og forståelse om hvordan sykepleieren kan lindre åndenød hos den lungrekreftramme...

  7. Brok hos hest, kvæg og svin

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Jacobsen, Stine

    Disse noter skal anvendes som tillæg til de udenlandske lærebøger. Noterne er i overvejende grad baseret på KIRURGI III af Michael Hesselholt og på Hospital for Store Husdyrs Standard Operating Procedure for umbilikal herniorrhaphi hos hest. Nyeste videnskabelige litteratur er inddraget, hvor det...

  8. Vitamin D fysiologi og forsyning hos malkekvæg

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Hymøller, Lone; Jensen, Søren Krogh

    2015-01-01

    Vitamin D, som tilhører gruppen af fedtopløselige vitaminer, har de seneste år været et af de mest omdiskuterede næringsstoffer i både dansk og udenlandsk presse. Dette skyldes, at vitamin D har vist sig at have indflydelse på mange forskellige fysiologiske processer i kroppen lige fra...... kalciumbalance og knoglestyrke til immunforsvarets funktion. Hos malkekvæg betyder dette, at vitamin D potentielt har stor indflydelse på bl.a. risikoen for kælvningsproblemer og mælkefeber hos køer samt dyrenes generelle holdbarhed og sundhed. Gennem de seneste 10 år har forskere på AU Foulum intenst studeret...... vitamin D-forsyningen og -fysiologien hos malkekvæg. Resultaterne af disse undersøgelser har vist, at sommersollys er en meget vigtig kilde til vitamin D hos malkekøer, og der er en lineært stigende effekt på køernes vitamin D-status i blodet, jo længere tid de dagligt opholder sig i sommersolen. Tilskud...

  9. Feeding Your Baby

    Medline Plus

    Full Text Available ... your baby during the first year of life. Learn how to breastfeed and why breast milk is ... little extra time and support to get started. Learn what you can do if you have breastfeeding ...

  10. Feeding Your Baby

    Medline Plus

    Full Text Available ... asked questions Email sign up Join our online community March for Babies Nacersano Share Your Story OUR CAUSE HEALTH TOPICS RESEARCH & PROFESSIONALS MEDIA GET INVOLVED DONATE Our ...

  11. Feeding Your Baby

    Medline Plus

    Full Text Available ... and support to get started. Learn what you can do if you have breastfeeding problems or discomforts . ... and families. Ask a question Our health experts can answer questions about your pregnancy or baby's health. ...

  12. Feeding Your Baby

    Medline Plus

    Full Text Available ... issues and advocacy priorities National Network of Perinatal Quality Collaboratives Launch Prematurity research centers What is team ... bond with her. Breast milk is the best food for your baby during the first year of ...

  13. Finger Foods for Babies

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... want to rush your baby into trying triple-chocolate cake or some other family favorite. Politely and ... Food Safety for Your Family Healthy Eating Food Allergies Contact Us Print Resources Send to a Friend ...

  14. Feeding Your Baby

    Medline Plus

    Full Text Available ... the first year of life. Learn how to breastfeed and why breast milk is so good for ... Food allergies and baby Formula feeding How to breastfeed Keeping a breastfeeding log Keeping breast milk safe ...

  15. Feeding Your Baby

    Medline Plus

    Full Text Available ... issues and advocacy priorities National Network of Perinatal Quality Collaboratives Launch Prematurity research centers What is team ... for your baby during the first year of life. Learn how to breastfeed and why breast milk ...

  16. Shaken baby syndrome

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... and then the baby's head hits something. Even hitting a soft object, such as a mattress or pillow, may be enough to injure newborns and small infants. Children's brains are softer, their neck muscles and ligaments ...

  17. Feeding Your Baby

    Medline Plus

    Full Text Available ... at risk? Zika virus and pregnancy Folic acid Medicine safety and pregnancy Birth defects prevention Learn how ... bond with her. Breast milk is the best food for your baby during the first year of ...

  18. Feeding Your Baby

    Medline Plus

    Full Text Available ... centers What is team science? More than 75 years of solving problems March of Dimes research grants ... best food for your baby during the first year of life. Learn how to breastfeed and why ...

  19. Feeding Your Baby

    Medline Plus

    Full Text Available ... Medicine safety and pregnancy Birth defects prevention Learn how to help reduce your risk of some birth defects ... baby during the first year of life. Learn how to breastfeed and why breast milk is so good ...

  20. Feeding Your Baby

    Medline Plus

    Full Text Available ... between pregnancies Nutrition, weight & fitness Prenatal care Is it safe? Labor & birth Postpartum care Baby Caring for ... a moment, please. You've saved this page It's been added to your dashboard . Time to eat! ...

  1. Feeding Your Baby

    Medline Plus

    Full Text Available ... this page It's been added to your dashboard . Time to eat! Feeding your baby helps her grow healthy and strong. It’s also a great time for you and your partner to bond with ...

  2. Feeding Your Baby

    Medline Plus

    Full Text Available ... your story | march for babies | nacersano donate sign up sign in | my dashboard | sign out our cause ... in your area Frequently asked questions Email sign up Join our online community Mission Statement The mission ...

  3. Feeding Your Baby

    Medline Plus

    Full Text Available ... your baby Common illnesses Family health & safety Complications & Loss Pregnancy complications Preterm labor & premature birth The newborn ... care unit (NICU) Birth defects & other health conditions Loss & grief Tools & Resources Frequently asked health questions Ask ...

  4. Feeding Your Baby

    Medline Plus

    Full Text Available ... Research & data Tools & Resources Frequently asked questions ... Statement The mission of the March of Dimes is to improve the health of babies by preventing birth defects, premature birth ...

  5. Bringing Your Baby Home

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... heart rate, and you may be taught infant cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR) . But whether your baby is full-term or ... If you have any doubts about the seat's history, or if it's cracked or shows signs of ...

  6. Feeding Your Baby

    Medline Plus

    Full Text Available ... bond with her. Breast milk is the best food for your baby during the first year of ... feeding safe. And then get ready for solid foods ! In This Topic Breastfeeding help Breastfeeding is best ...

  7. Feeding Your Baby

    Medline Plus

    Full Text Available ... discomforts when breastfeeding Starting your baby on solid foods Using a breast pump ... health educators. GO Announcing our new President! Stacey D. Stewart will be leading the ...

  8. Feeding Your Baby

    Medline Plus

    Full Text Available ... Card Grades Cities, Counties; Focuses on Racial and Ethnic Disparities March of Dimes Plan Aims to Make ... bond with her. Breast milk is the best food for your baby during the first year of ...

  9. Feeding Your Baby

    Medline Plus

    Full Text Available ... dashboard . Time to eat! Feeding your baby helps her grow healthy and strong. It’s also a great ... for you and your partner to bond with her. Breast milk is the best food for your ...

  10. Feeding Your Baby

    Medline Plus

    Full Text Available ... questions Email sign up Join our online community Home > ... of all moms and babies. We're advocating for policies to protect them. We're working to radically improve the healthcare they receive. We' ...

  11. Feeding Your Baby

    Medline Plus

    Full Text Available ... health research Prematurity research centers For providers NICU Family Support® ... with her. Breast milk is the best food for your baby during the first year of life. Learn how to breastfeed and why breast milk ...

  12. Feeding Your Baby

    Medline Plus

    Full Text Available ... by getting a preconception checkup , staying at a healthy weight and avoiding alcohol and street drugs . Featured ... to eat! Feeding your baby helps her grow healthy and strong. It’s also a great time for ...

  13. Feeding Your Baby

    Medline Plus

    Full Text Available ... at a healthy weight and avoiding alcohol and street drugs . Featured articles March of Dimes Premature Birth ... bond with her. Breast milk is the best food for your baby during the first year of ...

  14. Feeding Your Baby

    Medline Plus

    Full Text Available ... questions Contact us Tools & Resources Born Too Soon Global Map Premature birth report card Careers Archives Health Topics Pregnancy Before or between pregnancies Nutrition, weight & fitness Prenatal care Is it safe? Labor & birth Postpartum care Baby ...

  15. Feeding Your Baby

    Medline Plus

    Full Text Available ... Global Map Premature birth report card Careers Archives Health Topics Pregnancy Before or between pregnancies Nutrition, weight & fitness Prenatal care Is it safe? Labor & birth Postpartum care Baby ...

  16. Feeding Your Baby

    Medline Plus

    Full Text Available ... The Prematurity Campaign About us Annual report Our work Community impact Global programs Research Need help? Frequently ... formula , find out how to choose the best one for your baby and how to make bottle- ...

  17. Feeding Your Baby

    Medline Plus

    Full Text Available ... CLICK HERE [Skip to Content] share your story | march for babies | nacersano donate sign up sign in | ... online community Mission Statement The mission of the March of Dimes is to improve the health of ...

  18. CRYSTAL-STRUCTURE DETERMINATION OF THE MISFIT LAYER COMPOUND (HOS)1.23NBS2

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    WIEGERS, GA; MEETSMA, A; HAANGE, RJ; DEBOER, JL

    1992-01-01

    Single-crystal X-ray diffraction has shown that (HoS)1.23NbS2 is a misfit layer compound built of alternate double layers of HoS, approximately a {001} slice of NaCl-type HoS, and sandwiches of NbS2 with niobium in trigonal prisms of sulphur like niobium in 2H-NbS2. The unit cell dimensions of the

  19. Dinosaur Eggs and Babies

    Science.gov (United States)

    Carpenter, Kenneth; Hirsch, Karl F.; Horner, John R.

    1996-01-01

    In the last couple of decades the study of dinosaur eggs and babies has proved to be one of the most exciting and profitable areas of dinosaur research. This is the first book solely devoted to this topic and reviews, in scientific detail, our present state of knowledge about this exciting area of palaeontology. Chapters in the book discuss all aspects of the science including the occurrence of eggs, nests and baby skeletons, descriptive osteology of juvenile skeletons, comparative histology of juvenile bone, analyses of eggs and egg shells, palaeoenvironments of nesting sites, nesting behaviour and developmental growth of baby dinosaurs. The volume will be an invaluable addition to the book collections of vertebrate palaeontologists and their graduate students.

  20. [Babies with cranial deformity].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Feijen, Michelle M W; Claessens, Edith A W M Habets; Dovens, Anke J Leenders; Vles, Johannes S; van der Hulst, Rene R W J

    2009-01-01

    Plagiocephaly was diagnosed in a baby aged 4 months and brachycephaly in a baby aged 5 months. Positional or deformational plagio- or brachycephaly is characterized by changes in shape and symmetry of the cranial vault. Treatment options are conservative and may include physiotherapy and helmet therapy. During the last two decades the incidence of positional plagiocephaly has increased in the Netherlands. This increase is due to the recommendation that babies be laid on their backs in order to reduce the risk of sudden infant death syndrome. We suggest the following: in cases of positional preference of the infant, referral to a physiotherapist is indicated. In cases of unacceptable deformity of the cranium at the age 5 months, moulding helmet therapy is a possible treatment option.

  1. Sprog hos børn med autisme

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Brynskov, Cecilia

    2010-01-01

    Spredningen i sproglige færdigheder hos børn med autisme er enorm. Dette forhold vanskeliggør forskning inden for området, og omvendt bevirker forskningen og de valg – og ikke mindst fravalg – som autismeforskere er nødt til at foretage, at gruppen af børn med autisme kommer til at fremstå mere...

  2. Newborn Screening Tests for your Baby

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... your baby > Newborn screening tests for your baby Newborn screening tests for your baby E-mail to ... can be treated if found early. What is newborn screening? Before your baby leaves the hospital, he ...

  3. Feeding Your Baby

    Medline Plus

    Full Text Available ... Please enter a valid e-mail address. Your information: Your recipient's information: Your personal message: Thank you! Your e-mail ... healthy babies. If something goes wrong, we offer information and comfort to families. We research the reasons ...

  4. Salmonella from Baby Turtles

    Centers for Disease Control (CDC) Podcasts

    2017-01-09

    Dr. Stacey Bosch, a veterinarian with CDC, discusses her article on Salmonella infections associated with baby turtles.  Created: 1/9/2017 by National Center for Emerging and Zoonotic Infectious Diseases (NCEZID).   Date Released: 1/9/2017.

  5. The Blue Baby Syndrome

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    climate change, water and soil pollution, environ- mental impacts of wastewater irrigation and soil nutrient management. Keywords. Cyanosis, hemoglobin, infants, methemoglobinemia, nitrate. Deepanjan Majumdar. Blue Baby Syndrome or Methemoglobinemia is caused by decreased ability of blood to carry oxygen, ...

  6. T P Nafeesa Baby

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    2015-11-27

    Nov 27, 2015 ... Home; Journals; Pramana – Journal of Physics. T P Nafeesa Baby. Articles written in Pramana – Journal of Physics. Volume 80 Issue 2 February 2013 pp 289-294 Research Articles. Plasma excitations in a single-walled carbon nanotube with an external transverse magnetic field · K A Vijayalakshmi T P ...

  7. Baby universes revisited

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Ambjørn, J.; Barkley, J.; Budd, T.G.; Loll, R.

    2011-01-01

    The behavior of baby universes has been an important ingredient in understanding and quantifying non-critical string theory or, equivalently, models of two-dimensional Euclidean quantum gravity coupled to matter. Within a regularized description based on dynamical triangulations, we amend an earlier

  8. Spitting Up in Babies

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... in the stomach comes back up into your baby’s esophagus. The esophagus is the tube that connects the mouth and the stomach.Spitting up is not the same as vomiting. Babies usually don’t notice when they spit up. ...

  9. The Blue Baby Syndrome

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    Home; Journals; Resonance – Journal of Science Education; Volume 8; Issue 10. The Blue Baby Syndrome - Nitrate Poisoning in Humans. Deepanjan Majumdar. General Article Volume 8 Issue 10 October 2003 pp 20-30. Fulltext. Click here to view fulltext PDF. Permanent link:

  10. Feeding Your Baby

    Medline Plus

    Full Text Available ... share your story | march for babies | nacersano donate sign up sign in | my dashboard | sign out our cause health topics stories & media research & ... Events in your area Frequently asked questions Email sign up Join our online community Mission Statement The ...

  11. Feeding Your Baby

    Medline Plus

    Full Text Available ... Global Map Premature Birth Report Cards Careers Archives Pregnancy Before or between pregnancies Nutrition, weight & fitness Prenatal care Is it safe? ... baby Common illnesses Family health & safety Complications & Loss Pregnancy complications Preterm labor & premature birth The newborn intensive ...

  12. Feeding Your Baby

    Medline Plus

    Full Text Available ... Giving opportunities Our corporate partners In Your Area Tools & Resources Careers Events in your area Frequently asked questions Email sign up Join our online community Get our emails Be the first to hear about breakthroughs for babies and families. ...

  13. Feeding Your Baby

    Medline Plus

    Full Text Available ... service partners Advocate Get informed Take action Participate & Support Make a donation Giving opportunities Our corporate partners In Your Area Tools & Resources Careers Events in your area Frequently asked questions Email sign up Join our online community Home > Baby > ...

  14. Resuscitation of Newborn Babies

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Ann Burgess

    Ventilate at approximately 30 breaths per minute. Bag and mask inflation is usually effective. Only about 1 in 500 babies do not respond to inflation and need intubation. The heart rate usually responds to lung inflation. Box 2. Chest compressions. You want to move oxygenated blood from the lungs to the coronary arteries -.

  15. CASE REPORT Mermaid baby

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    A 40-year-old woman delivered a baby at 36 weeks with fused lower limbs. There was no maternal history of ingestion of teratogenic agents or diabetes mellitus. Initial X-rays (Figs 1 and 2) showed fused feet, lower limbs with 2 tibiae, 2 femurs and a single fibula. There was a single femoral head and incomplete ...

  16. Market analysis baby food Ukraine

    OpenAIRE

    A.A. Voronina; I.Z. Dolzhanskiy

    2010-01-01

    The paper analyzes the development of baby food industry in Ukraine and abroad due the increased level of fertility, unmet needs of baby food products in the growing demand for intervention and strengthening foreign manufacturers. Special attention is paid to government regulation and legislation of the relevant Ukrainian market of baby food.

  17. Your Baby's Growth: 3 Months

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... Child Cope With a Parent's Suicide? Your Baby's Growth: 3 Months KidsHealth > For Parents > Your Baby's Growth: 3 Months Print A A A What's in ... months of life are a period of rapid growth. Your baby will gain about 1 to 1½ ...

  18. Boosting Your Baby's Brain Power

    Science.gov (United States)

    Engel-Smothers, Holly; Heim, Susan M.

    2009-01-01

    With more than 100 billion neurons that would stretch more than 60,000 miles, a newborn baby's brain is quite phenomenal! These neurons must generally form connections within the first eight months of a baby's life to foster optimal brain growth and lifelong learning. Mommies, daddies, and caregivers are extremely vital to ensuring babies reach…

  19. Shaken baby syndrome; Shaken-baby-Syndrom

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Reith, W.; Ahlhelm, F.; Papanagiotou, P. [Universitaetsklinikum des Saarlandes, Klinik fuer Diagnostische und Interventionelle Neuroradiologie, Homburg/Saar (Germany); Rohrer, T. [Universitaetsklinikum des Saarlandes, Klinik fuer Allgemeine Paediatrie und Neonatologie, Homburg/Saar (Germany)

    2009-10-15

    Shaken baby syndrome (SBS) describes the coincidence of subdural hematoma, retinal bleeding and, disadvantageous for the prognosis, diffuse brain damage caused by powerful shaking of the infant. The clinical symptoms include irritability, difficulty with drinking, somnolence, apathy, cerebral cramp attacks, apnoea, temperature regulation disorders and vomiting due to cranial pressure. Milder symptoms of SBS are often not diagnosed and the number of unregistered cases is probably much greater. The diagnosis of SBS is made through the typical symptom constellation, but the lack of retinal bleeding does not exclude the diagnosis. Normally the infants are held by the thorax or upper arms and shaken in a sagittal direction during which the head falls backwards and forwards and is stopped abruptly at each extreme position. The injurious mechanism is considered to be caused by rotational forces which force tissue layers in the brain against each other and also lead to rupture of bridging veins between the skull and the brain. The prognosis is poor and approximately 25% of infants die of SBS within days or weeks. Approximately 75% of survivors suffer from long term damage with physical handicaps, limitations in hearing, visual disturbances up to blindness and mental disorders or combinations of these conditions. Prevention is therefore the most important aspect. (orig.) [German] Das Shaken-baby-Syndrom (SBS) oder Schuetteltrauma des Saeuglings beschreibt die Koinzidenz subduraler Haematome, retinaler Blutungen und prognostisch unguenstiger, diffuser Hirnschaeden durch heftiges Schuetteln eines Saeuglings. Die klinischen Symptome umfassen Irritabilitaet, Trinkschwierigkeiten, Somnolenz, Apathie, zerebrale Krampfanfaelle, Apnoe, Temperaturregulationsstoerungen und Erbrechen durch Hirndruck. Leichtere Symptome des SBS werden haeufig nicht diagnostiziert, die Dunkelziffer ist wahrscheinlich viel hoeher. Die Diagnose des SBS wird durch die typische Symptomkonstellation gestellt

  20. Ice, Ice, Baby!

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hamilton, C.

    2008-12-01

    The Center for Remote Sensing of Ice Sheets (CReSIS) has developed an outreach program based on hands-on activities called "Ice, Ice, Baby". These lessons are designed to teach the science principles of displacement, forces of motion, density, and states of matter. These properties are easily taught through the interesting topics of glaciers, icebergs, and sea level rise in K-8 classrooms. The activities are fun, engaging, and simple enough to be used at science fairs and family science nights. Students who have participated in "Ice, Ice, Baby" have successfully taught these to adults and students at informal events. The lessons are based on education standards which are available on our website www.cresis.ku.edu. This presentation will provide information on the activities, survey results from teachers who have used the material, and other suggested material that can be used before and after the activities.

  1. Aloof baby Skyrmions

    Science.gov (United States)

    Salmi, Petja; Sutcliffe, Paul

    2015-01-01

    We show that a suitable choice for the potential term in the two-dimensional baby Skyrme model yields solitons that have a short-range repulsion and a long-range attraction. The solitons are therefore aloof, in the sense that static multi-soliton bound states have constituents that preserve their individual identities and are sufficiently far apart that tail interactions yield small binding energies. The static multi-soliton solutions are found to have a cluster structure that is reproduced by a simple binary species particle model. In the standard three-dimensional Skyrme model of nuclei, solitons are too tightly bound and are often too symmetric, due to symmetry enhancement as solitons coalesce to form bound states. The aloof baby Skyrmion results endorse a way to resolve these issues and provides motivation for a detailed study of the related three-dimensional version of the Skyrme model.

  2. Beating the baby blues.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ferguson, Lorinda

    2012-02-01

    Family Action has been providing practical, emotional and financial support to vulnerable and disadvantaged families since 1869. Family Action's new Perinatal Project works with pregnant women and new mothers, with children up to the age of one, who may be at risk of depression. The Project operates in four locations across England in partnership with other agencies, including midwives, to improve parental mental health and mother and baby attachment. Through the guidance of a project co-ordinator and trained befrienders, many of whom understand the loneliness and worries that sometimes come with a new baby, vulnerable women will be given assistance to cope with the changes in their lives. The Project is being evaluated by a team led by Professor Jane Barlow of the University of Warwick ahead of a perinatal conference next summer.

  3. Recognition of a Baby's Emotional Cry towards Robotics Baby Caregiver

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Shota Yamamoto

    2013-02-01

    Full Text Available We developed a method for pattern recognition of baby's emotions (discomfortable, hungry, or sleepy expressed in the baby's cries. A 32-dimensional fast Fourier transform is performed for sound form clips, detected by our reported method and used as training data. The power of the sound form judged as a silent region is subtracted from each power of the frequency element. The power of each frequency element after the subtraction is treated as one of the elements of the feature vector. We perform principal component analysis (PCA for the feature vectors of the training data. The emotion of the baby is recognized by the nearest neighbor criterion applied to the feature vector obtained from the test data of sound form clips after projecting the feature vector on the PCA space from the training data. Then, the emotion with the highest frequency among the recognition results for a sound form clip is judged as the emotion expressed by the baby's cry. We successfully applied the proposed method to pattern recognition of baby's emotions. The present investigation concerns the first stage of the development of a robotics baby caregiver that has the ability to detect baby's emotions. In this first stage, we have developed a method for detecting baby's emotions. We expect that the proposed method could be used in robots that can help take care of babies.

  4. Sambandet mellan stress mindset och upplevd stress hos gymnasieungdomar

    OpenAIRE

    Edblad, Patrik

    2016-01-01

    Studien undersökte sambandet mellan stress mindset (individens övertygelser om stress) och upplevd stress hos gymnasieungdomar. 122 deltagare i åldrarna 16-19 år deltog i studien genom att svara på ett elektroniskt formulär. Frågorna bestod av Perceived Stress Scale (PSS-14), som undersökte upplevd stress, och Stress Mindset Measure (SMM), som undersökte deltagarnas mindset om stress. Resultatet visade en signifikant negativ korrelation mellan stress mindset och upplevd stress. Detta gav stöd...

  5. Baby boom blues.

    Science.gov (United States)

    1988-02-06

    Americans born in the 'baby boom' - the years immediately after the second World War - have increased rates of depression and other related illnesses, including drug and alcohol abuse according to an American psychiatrist who has looked critically at some of the major studies which have proposed this theory since the early 1970's. He concluded that depression among people who are now aged between 30 and 40 is increasing and that depression is starting in this group at an earlier age than in previous generations.

  6. Baby dumping and evolving baby factories in Nigeria: their ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Baby dumping and evolving baby factories in Nigeria: their implication for child right and social protection. ... Journal of Religion and Human Relations ... a society-based approach which involves a thorough overhaul of our rigid social orientation which will create room for a conducive environment for child rights and social ...

  7. Baby-MIND neutrino detector

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mefodiev, A. V.; Kudenko, Yu. G.; Mineev, O. V.; Khotjantsev, A. N.

    2017-11-01

    The main objective of the Baby-MIND detector (Magnetized Iron Neutrino Detector) is the study of muon charge identification efficiency for muon momenta from 0.3 to 5 GeV/ c. This paper presents the results of measurement of the Baby-MIND parameters.

  8. Your Baby's Growth: 5 Months

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... Child Cope With a Parent's Suicide? Your Baby's Growth: 5 Months KidsHealth > For Parents > Your Baby's Growth: 5 Months Print A A A What's in ... your child's birth, the doctor has been recording growth in weight, length, and head size (circumference) during ...

  9. Your Baby's Growth: 12 Months

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... next year, expect that your baby's growth will slow down. As your little one becomes more and more mobile, it's likely that those rolls of baby fat will begin to fall away and be replaced by a longer, leaner silhouette. Reviewed by: Mary L. Gavin, MD Date ...

  10. Hvilken evidens er der for medikamentel behandling af depression hos børn og unge?

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Thomsen, Per Hove; Sørensen, Merete Juul

    2007-01-01

    Depression hos børn og unge er relativt hyppigt forekommende og kan have svære konsekvenser. Den specifikke antidepressive behandling kan være psykoterapeutisk eller medikamentel. I artiklen gennemgås på baggrund af systematisk litteratursøgning den videnskabelige evidens for medikamentel...... behandling af depression hos børn og unge med hovedvægten lagt på de mest veldokumenterede medikamenter: selektive serotoningenoptagelseshæmmere....

  11. The concept of "baby lung".

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gattinoni, Luciano; Pesenti, Antonio

    2005-06-01

    The "baby lung" concept originated as an offspring of computed tomography examinations which showed in most patients with acute lung injury/acute respiratory distress syndrome that the normally aerated tissue has the dimensions of the lung of a 5- to 6-year-old child (300-500 g aerated tissue). The respiratory system compliance is linearly related to the "baby lung" dimensions, suggesting that the acute respiratory distress syndrome lung is not "stiff" but instead small, with nearly normal intrinsic elasticity. Initially we taught that the "baby lung" is a distinct anatomical structure, in the nondependent lung regions. However, the density redistribution in prone position shows that the "baby lung" is a functional and not an anatomical concept. This provides a rational for "gentle lung treatment" and a background to explain concepts such as baro- and volutrauma. From a physiological perspective the "baby lung" helps to understand ventilator-induced lung injury. In this context, what appears dangerous is not the V(T)/kg ratio but instead the V(T)/"baby lung" ratio. The practical message is straightforward: the smaller the "baby lung," the greater is the potential for unsafe mechanical ventilation.

  12. Dannelsen af en psykologisk og videnskabelig habitus hos psykologistuderende

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Feilberg, Casper

    2014-01-01

    fra Merleau-Ponty, Gadamer, Ricoeur, Bion og Habermas. I en fænomenologisk fortolkning af Bourdieus habitusbegreb, fremhæves vanen som central for at forstå en professions opbyggede beredskab til at agere hensigtsmæssigt og professionelt i forhold til faglige problemstillinger; denne habitus angår......Dannelsen af en psykologisk og videnskabelig habitus hos psykologistuderende, Casper Feilberg Afhandlingen er en empirisk undersøgelse af psykologistuderendes tilegnelse af træk ved en psykologisk og videnskabelig habitus ved psykologistudierne på Roskilde Universitet og Aalborg Universitet. Herved...... bidrager afhandlingen til den overordnede diskussion om, hvad målet med og kvalitet i en universitetsuddannelse skal forstås som. Som udgangspunkt for studiet af psykologistuderendes dannelsesprocesser indføres en analytisk distinktion mellem en psykologisk habitus (fænomen orienteret), og en videnskabelig...

  13. Feeding Your Baby in the NICU

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... the combination of breast milk and formula, bottle-feeding and nursing that works best for you and your baby. How can you feed breast milk to your baby? Breast milk provides many wonderful and vital health benefits for all newborns, especially premature or sick babies. But many NICU babies aren' ...

  14. China's baby boomers.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Heise, L

    1988-01-01

    China's birthrate increased from 18 births/1000 population in 1985 to 21/1000 in 1986, after a decade of steady decline. In 1971, to avoid a projected population of 2.4 billion by 2050, Chinese leaders launched the "later-longer-fewer" campaign. Men and women were encouraged to postpone marriage until their mid- to late-20s, to allow 4 years between pregnancies, and to limit their families to 2 children. The standards were slightly more lenient in the rural areas. Together, the campaign was responsible for a reduction in the total fertility rate from 5.9 births/woman in 1970 to 2.7 births in 1979. Yet, due to the age structure of the population, with 39% of Chinese under age 15, even replacement-level fertility was bound to generate growth for decades. Consequently, in 1979, the post-Mao leadership inaugurated the "1-child" policy, a program designed to limit the Chinese population to 1.2 billion by 2000. Family planning has become a state sanctioned and monitored activity. The policy is implemented via public education, persuasion, peer pressure, and a series of incentives and penalties. In this context, the question arises as to what caused China's birthrate to rise. A major factor is the effect of the country's youth-dominated age structure. Following the Great Leap Forward (1958-60) and the prolonged accompanying famine, the birthrate increased markedly as couples conceived the children they had postponed. These baby boomers, born from 1962-64, now are having their own babies. About 1/3 of the 1986 increase in births may be accounted for by the ripple effect of this relatively large cohort finally reaching reproductive age. Further, the age of 1st reproduction has declined recently in response to the Marriage Law of 1980, which lowers the legal marriage age. Another influence has been a gradual yet significant relaxation in some of the basic tenets of the 1-child policy. In 1984, the government reaffirmed the critical importance of family planning but increased

  15. Caring for Your Premature Baby

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... doesn’t turn his or her head, or react to a loud noise, tell your doctor.Get ... things that can affect his or her health, learning, and your family’s schedule. Physically, babies born prematurely ...

  16. Baby Naps: Daytime Sleep Tips

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... such as changing his or her diaper or reading a short story. Be safe. Place your baby ... Force on Sudden Infant Death Syndrome. The changing concept of sudden infant death syndrome: Diagnostic coding shifts, ...

  17. Baby Health Checkup - Multiple Languages

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... Supplements Videos & Tools You Are Here: Home → Multiple Languages → All Health Topics → Baby Health Checkup URL of this page: https://medlineplus.gov/languages/babyhealthcheckup.html Other topics A-Z Expand Section ...

  18. The Baby Boomers’ Intergenerational Relationships

    Science.gov (United States)

    Fingerman, Karen L.; Pillemer, Karl A.; Silverstein, Merril; Suitor, J. Jill

    2012-01-01

    Purpose: As Baby Boomers enter late life, relationships with family members gain importance. This review article highlights two aspects of their intergenerational relationships: (a) caregiving for aging parents and (b) interactions with adult children in the context of changing marital dynamics. Design and Methods: The researchers describe three studies: (a) the Within Family Differences Study (WFDS) of mothers aged 65–75 and their multiple grown children (primarily Baby Boomers) ongoing since 2001; (b) the Family Exchanges Study (FES) of Baby Boomers aged 42–60, their spouses, parents, and multiple grown children ongoing since 2008; and (c) the Longitudinal Study of Generations (LSoG) of 351 three-generation families started when the Baby Boomers were teenagers in 1971, with interviews every 3–5 years from 1985 to 2005. Results: These studies show that the Baby Boomers in midlife navigate complex intergenerational patterns. The WFDS finds aging parents differentiate among Baby Boomer children in midlife, favoring some more than others. The FES shows that the Baby Boomers are typically more involved with their children than with their aging parents; Boomers’ personal values, family members’ needs, and personal rewards shape decisions about support. The LSoG documents how divorce and remarriage dampen intergenerational obligations in some families. Moreover, loosening cultural norms have weakened family bonds in general. Implications: Reviews of these studies provide insights into how the Baby Boomers may negotiate caregiving for aging parents as well as the likelihood of family care they will receive when their own health declines in the future. PMID:22250130

  19. The LHC babies

    CERN Multimedia

    Laëtitia Pedroso

    2011-01-01

    With the machine restart and first collisions at 3.5 TeV, 2009 and 2010 were two action-packed years at the LHC. The events were a real media success, but one important result that remained well hidden was the ten births in the LHC team over the same period. The mothers – engineers, cryogenics experts and administrative assistants working for the LHC – confirm that it is possible to maintain a reasonable work-life balance. Two of them tell us more…   Verena Kain (left) and Reyes Alemany (right) in the CERN Control Centre. With the LHC running around the clock, LHC operations engineers have high-pressure jobs with unsociable working hours. These past two years, which will undoubtedly go down in the annals of CERN history, the LHC team had their work cut out, but despite their high-octane professional lives, several female members of the team took up no less of a challenge in their private lives, creating a mini-baby-boom by which the LHC start-up will also be remembe...

  20. Expiratory muscle activity in preterm babies.

    OpenAIRE

    South, M; Morley, C J; Hughes, G

    1987-01-01

    The activity of the right external abdominal oblique muscle, in relation to respiration, in newborn babies from 25 to 34 weeks' gestation was studied, using surface electrodes. Babies without respiratory difficulties showed no activity associated with respiration in these muscles. Grunting babies with respiratory disease showed pronounced activity during expiration. This activity continued when the babies were endotracheally intubated; if the babies were ventilated it sometimes disturbed the ...

  1. Mother-baby package.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Tamburlini, G

    1995-07-01

    The World Health Organization (WHO) Maternal Health and Safe Motherhood Programme developed the Mother-Baby package to facilitate the development of national strategies and plans of action. It was presented at an international meeting in Geneva in April 1994. The goals of the package are by the year 2000 to reduce maternal mortality by half and perinatal and neonatal mortality by 30-40% of 1990 levels. The package comprises: 1) a section on the technical basis and underlying strategies, 2) a section describing intervention before and during pregnancy, and during and after delivery, and 3) detailed recommendations on operating the program. The underlying strategy aims to reduce the number of high-risk and unwanted pregnancies; the number of obstetric complications; and the case fatality rate in women with complications. Interventions are based on a fourfold approach of family planning, quality antenatal care, clean and safe delivery, and access to essential obstetric care for high-risk pregnancies and complications. The district health system is the basic unit for planning and implementing the interventions. Midwives who live in the community are best equipped to provide appropriate community-based care to pregnant women. Pregnancy and obstetric complications requiring surgery and anesthesia should be available in the district hospital with an adequate referral system. Upgrading the skills of traditional birth attendants is also essential. National authorities should undertake a series of steps to carry out the interventions. A basic infrastructure, the upgrading of peripheral facilities, the development of human resources for safe motherhood, the effective delegation of responsibility, information, education, and communication (IEC), the involvement of nongovernmental organizations and women's groups, and the monitoring of results are other important elements in carrying out the interventions.

  2. Baby-Boom, Baby-Bust and the Great Depression

    OpenAIRE

    Andriana BELLOU; Emanuela CARDIA

    2015-01-01

    The baby-boom and subsequent baby-bust have shaped much of the history of the second half of the 20th century; yet it is still largely unclear what caused them. This paper presents a new unified explanation of the fertility Boom-Bust that links the latter to the Great Depression and the subsequent economic recovery. We show that the 1929 Crash attracted young married women 20 to 34 years old in 1930 (whom we name D-cohort) in the labor market possibly via an added worker effect. Using several...

  3. Baby Solar System

    Science.gov (United States)

    Currie, Thayne; Grady, Carol

    2012-01-01

    What did our solar system look like in its infancy,...... when the planets were forming? We cannot travel back in time to take an image of the early solar system, but in principle we can have the next best thing: images of infant planetary systems around Sun-like stars with ages of 1 to 5 million years, the time we think it took for the giant planets to form. Infant exoplanetary systems are critically important because they can help us understand how our solar system fits within the context of planet formation in general. More than 80% of stars are born with gas- and dust-rich disks, and thus have the potential to form planets. Through many methods we have identified more than 760 planetary systems around middle-aged stars like the Sun, but many of these have architectures that look nothing like our solar system. Young planetary systems are important missing links between various endpoints and may help us understand how and when these differences emerge. Well-known star-forming regions in Taurus, Scorpius. and Orion contain stars that could have infant planetary systems. But these stars are much more distant than our nearest neighbors such as Alpha Centauri or Sirius, making it extremely challenging to produce clear images of systems that can reveal signs of recent planet formation, let alone reveal the planets themselves. Recently, a star with the unassuming name LkCa 15 may have given us our first detailed "baby picture" of a young planetary system similar to our solar system. Located about 450 light-years away in the Taurus starforming region. LkCa 15 has a mass comparable to the Sun (0.97 solar mass) and an age of l to 5 million years, comparable to the time at which Saturn and perhaps Jupiter formed. The star is surrounded by a gas-rich disk similar in structure to the one in our solar system from which the planets formed. With new technologies and observing strategies, we have confirmed suspicions that LkCa 15's disk harbors a young planetary system.

  4. 'Dodo' and 'Baby Bear' Trenches

    Science.gov (United States)

    2008-01-01

    NASA's Phoenix Mars Lander's Surface Stereo Imager took this image on Sol 11 (June 5, 2008), the eleventh day after landing. It shows the trenches dug by Phoenix's Robotic Arm. The trench on the left is informally called 'Dodo' and was dug as a test. The trench on the right is informally called 'Baby Bear.' The sample dug from Baby Bear will be delivered to the Phoenix's Thermal and Evolved-Gas Analyzer, or TEGA. The Baby Bear trench is 9 centimeters (3.1 inches) wide and 4 centimeters (1.6 inches) deep. The Phoenix Mission is led by the University of Arizona, Tucson, on behalf of NASA. Project management of the mission is by NASA's Jet Propulsion Laboratory, Pasadena, Calif. Spacecraft development is by Lockheed Martin Space Systems, Denver.

  5. Magnetothermodynamics of BPS baby skyrmions

    Science.gov (United States)

    Adam, C.; Romanczukiewicz, T.; Sanchez-Guillen, J.; Wereszczynski, A.

    2014-11-01

    The magnetothermodynamics of skyrmion type matter described by the gauged BPS baby Skyrme model at zero temperature is investigated. We prove that the BPS property of the model is preserved also for boundary conditions corresponding to an asymptotically constant magnetic field. The BPS bound and the corresponding BPS equations saturating the bound are found. Further, we show that one may introduce pressure in the gauged model by a redefinition of the superpotential. Interestingly, this is related to non-extremal type solutions in the so-called fake supersymmetry method. Finally, we compute the equation of state of magnetized BSP baby skyrmions inserted into an external constant magnetic field H and under external pressure P , i.e., V = V ( P, H), where V is the "volume" (area) occupied by the skyrmions. We show that the BPS baby skyrmions form a ferromagnetic medium.

  6. A HOS-Based Blind Spectrum Sensing in Noise Uncertainty

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Agus Subekti

    2015-08-01

    Full Text Available Spectrum sensing for cognitive radio is a challenging task since it has to be able to detect the primary signal at a low signal to noise ratio (SNR. At a low SNR, the variance of noise fluctuates due to noise uncertainty. Detection of the primary signal will be difficult especially for blind spectrum sensing methods that rely on the variance of noise for their threshold setting, such as energy detection. Instead of using the energy difference, we propose a spectrum sensing method based on the distribution difference. When the channel is occupied, the distribution of the received signal, which propagates under a wireless fading channel, will have a non-Gaussian distribution. This will be different from the  Gaussian noise when the channel is vacant. Kurtosis, a higher order statistic (HOS of  the  4th order,  is used as normality test for the test statistic. We measured the detection rate of the proposed method by performing a simulation of the detection process. Our proposed method’s performance proved superior in detecting a real digital TV signal in noise uncertainty.

  7. Forbedret diagnostik af osteomyelitis hos børn?

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Afzelius, Pia; Alstrup, Aage Kristian Olsen; Schønheyder, Henrik Carl

    Osteomyelitis er en alvorlig sygdom. Tidlig diagnose og påbegyndelse af behandlingen er vigtigt for at forhindre sygdomsudviklingen og for at reducere potentielt alvorlige komplikationer. Konventionel røntgenundersøgelse udført tidligt i forløbet kan ikke udelukke akut osteomyelitis. MRI......, knogleskintigrafi og CT er centrale billeddiagnostiske metoder til diagnostik af akut osteomyelitis hos børn. MRI betragtes ofte som værende den bedste billeddannende metode, men er ikke altid tilgængelig og kræver anæstesi af små børn. Knogleskintigrafi påviser osteoblastaktivitet og anses for at være yderst...... sensitiv men er ikke særlig specifik. 18F-fluordeoxyglucose (FDG) PET har måske den højeste diagnostiske nøjagtighed for bekræftelse/udelukkelse af kronisk osteomyelitis sammenlignet med knogleskintigrafi, MRI og leukocytskintigrafi. Imidlertid har de fleste studier kun anvendt 18F-FDG PET ved mistanke om...

  8. Hvordan reducerer vi stress hos erhvervsaktive med høretab?

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Lund, Katja; Rosenstand, Claus Andreas Foss

    2015-01-01

    Stressrelateret sygefravær og dårlig social tilknytning til kolleger og ledelse er virkeligheden for mange danskere med nedsat hørelse. Samtidig er det vanskeligt for virksomhederne at håndtere stress hos gruppen, fordi der mangler indsigt i de udfordringer og sammenhænge, der har betydning for...... Storytelling. 6 erhvervsaktive med høretab deltog i perioden 2013 – 2014. Indledende brugertests indikerer, at dialogværktøjet har po- tentiale som et organisatorisk forståelses- og procesværktøj til reduktion og forebyggelse af stress hos målgruppen....

  9. Baby blues: identification and intervention.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hansen, C H

    1990-01-01

    Transitory postpartum depressive syndrome or baby blues affects up to 80% of all newly delivered women. Baby Blues is so common it may be considered normal. While one of the more mild forms of depression after child birth, it can still be disruptive to the family unit. Both physiological and psychosocial factors contribute to the syndrome. Appropriate nursing assessment and intervention throughout the childbearing cycle can be very beneficial in helping families to understand and cope with the problem, as well as help prevent more serious depressive syndromes.

  10. Baby MIND Experiment Construction Status

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Antonova, M.; et al.

    2017-04-28

    Baby MIND is a magnetized iron neutrino detector, with novel design features, and is planned to serve as a downstream magnetized muon spectrometer for the WAGASCI experiment on the T2K neutrino beam line in Japan. One of the main goals of this experiment is to reduce systematic uncertainties relevant to CP-violation searches, by measuring the neutrino contamination in the anti-neutrino beam mode of T2K. Baby MIND is currently being constructed at CERN, and is planned to be operational in Japan in October 2017.

  11. 29 BABY DUMPING AND EVOLVING BABY FACTORIES IN NIGERIA

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Hence, the result is black-market baby buying and selling running rampant in many places in China. It was stated that the main reason for the abandonment phenomenon in China is a perversion at the grass roots of the initial national family planning policy of one child per couple which was signed into effect in 1979 as.

  12. Sickle Cell Disease and Your Baby

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... if your baby has SCD or sickle cell trait? All babies have a newborn screening test for ... Prematurityprevention.org Product Catalog Get Involved Volunteer Volunteer leaders Team Youth National service partners Advocate Get informed ...

  13. The Arabidopsis E3 ubiquitin ligase HOS1 negatively regulates CONSTANS abundance in the photoperiodic control of flowering.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lazaro, Ana; Valverde, Federico; Piñeiro, Manuel; Jarillo, Jose A

    2012-03-01

    The Arabidopsis thaliana early in short days6 (esd6) mutant was isolated in a screen for mutations that accelerate flowering time. Among other developmental alterations, esd6 displays early flowering in both long- and short-day conditions. Fine mapping of the mutation showed that the esd6 phenotype is caused by a lesion in the high expression of osmotically responsive genes1 (HOS1) locus, which encodes a RING finger-containing E3 ubiquitin ligase. The esd6/hos1 mutation causes decreased flowering locus C expression and requires CONSTANS (CO) protein for its early flowering phenotype under long days. Moreover, CO and HOS1 physically interact in vitro and in planta, and HOS1 regulates CO abundance, particularly during the daylight period. Accordingly, hos1 causes a shift in the regular long-day pattern of expression of flowering locus T (FT) transcript, starting to rise 4 h after dawn in the mutant. In addition, HOS1 interacts synergistically with constitutive photomorphogenic1, another regulator of CO protein stability, in the regulation of flowering time. Taken together, these results indicate that HOS1 is involved in the control of CO abundance, ensuring that CO activation of FT occurs only when the light period reaches a certain length and preventing precocious flowering in Arabidopsis.

  14. The Arabidopsis E3 Ubiquitin Ligase HOS1 Negatively Regulates CONSTANS Abundance in the Photoperiodic Control of Flowering[W

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lazaro, Ana; Valverde, Federico; Piñeiro, Manuel; Jarillo, Jose A.

    2012-01-01

    The Arabidopsis thaliana early in short days6 (esd6) mutant was isolated in a screen for mutations that accelerate flowering time. Among other developmental alterations, esd6 displays early flowering in both long- and short-day conditions. Fine mapping of the mutation showed that the esd6 phenotype is caused by a lesion in the HIGH EXPRESSION OF OSMOTICALLY RESPONSIVE GENES1 (HOS1) locus, which encodes a RING finger–containing E3 ubiquitin ligase. The esd6/hos1 mutation causes decreased FLOWERING LOCUS C expression and requires CONSTANS (CO) protein for its early flowering phenotype under long days. Moreover, CO and HOS1 physically interact in vitro and in planta, and HOS1 regulates CO abundance, particularly during the daylight period. Accordingly, hos1 causes a shift in the regular long-day pattern of expression of FLOWERING LOCUS T (FT) transcript, starting to rise 4 h after dawn in the mutant. In addition, HOS1 interacts synergistically with CONSTITUTIVE PHOTOMORPHOGENIC1, another regulator of CO protein stability, in the regulation of flowering time. Taken together, these results indicate that HOS1 is involved in the control of CO abundance, ensuring that CO activation of FT occurs only when the light period reaches a certain length and preventing precocious flowering in Arabidopsis. PMID:22408073

  15. Current Methodologies in Baby and Infant Swimming

    OpenAIRE

    Boldišová, Šárka

    2009-01-01

    Thesis describes history of infant a baby swimming in Czech republic and worlwide. It brings an overview of current methods and methodologies of infant a baby swimming worlwide and in the Czech republic. Thesis describes in a reasonable detail methodology, developed by BabyClub Plaváček. Second - practical part of the thesis tries to evaluate hypothesis concerning methodologies used in infant and baby swimming. Evaluation is done upon questionaries and their evaluation. This thesis describes ...

  16. MODERN PRODUCTS FOR FEEDING PREMATURE BABIES

    OpenAIRE

    A. V. Surzhik

    2012-01-01

    In recent decades there has been substantial progress in the technology of premature infants nursing, especially with extremely low birth weight. Adequate feeding is one of the fundamental factors of premature babies nursing. To ensure a premature baby with all necessary components for power saving in breast milk intake, breast milk fortifiers — specifically developed additives that adjust the composition of food for premature babies, are used for more than 20 years (for premature babies rece...

  17. The Baby Boomers' Intergenerational Relationships

    Science.gov (United States)

    Fingerman, Karen L.; Pillemer, Karl A.; Silverstein, Merril; Suitor, J. Jill

    2012-01-01

    Purpose: As Baby Boomers enter late life, relationships with family members gain importance. This review article highlights two aspects of their intergenerational relationships: (a) caregiving for aging parents and (b) interactions with adult children in the context of changing marital dynamics. Design and Methods: The researchers describe three…

  18. Healthy Smile for Your Baby

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... gums checked. Keep Your Own Mouth Healthy m Brush your teeth with a soft toothbrush and toothpaste with fluoride, ... teeth is important. Clean your baby’s gums or brush your baby’s teeth, give your baby healthy foods, and take your ...

  19. Baby Sling: Is It Safe?

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... safe. In: Caring for Your Baby and Young Child: Birth to Age 5. 6th ed. New York, N.Y.: Bantam Books; 2014. Goldenberg RL, et al. Low birth weight in the United States. American Journal of Clinical Nutrition. 2007;85:584S. Jana ...

  20. Your Baby's Development: The Third Trimester

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... she may start sucking on his or her thumb.Will I still feel my baby move?You’ll feel your baby kicking, punching and moving often in the early weeks of the third trimester. Later, as your baby gets larger, you’ll likely feel stretches and rolls, and fewer kicks and punches.As ...

  1. Tvivl og utryghed hos patienter med reumatologisk sygdom - oplevelsen af transitionen fra sengeafsnit til eget hjem

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Twisttmann Bay, Laila; Aagaard, Hanne

    2016-01-01

    Baggrund: Kronisk sygdom kan medføre fysiske begrænsninger på grund af smerter og nedsat bevægelighed, træthed, påvirkning af hverdagslivet og medicinsk behandling med bivirkninger. Dette kan bidrage til tvivl og utryghed hos både ny diagnosticerede patienter og kronisk syge. Det er uklart, hvilk...

  2. Emerging countries’ multinational companies investing in developed countries: at odds with the HOS paradigm?

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Andreff, Wladimir

    2013-04-01

    Full Text Available The paper analyses the new trend of outward foreign direct investment (FDI by multinational companies from emerging countries, in particular the BRICs, in developed countries to question the applicability of the traditional HOS theoretical framework to this trend. A literature review shows that labour costs do not play any significant role in the first attempts to provide an analytical explanation of this new trend. A HOS equation, amended in order to encompass FDI, is elaborated in order to explain outward FDI from developed to developing and emerging countries based on differences in labour endowment and therefore in wage rates. Step by step, the equation introduces the technological gap, institutions and government policies. Then it is shown that such equation when reversed to explain outward FDI from emerging to developed countries is at odds with the traditional HOS framework. Turning the HOS theory upside down does not help to explain reverse FDI outflows from emerging to developed countries. An alternative approach is called for, in which a labour cost advantage (a lower wage rate than abroad is a home market advantage for emerging countries to invest abroad. A final section provides some empirical examples that labour matters and a lower home wage rate is a decisive comparative advantage for Indian and Chinese multinationals investing in developed countries. Additional evidence shows that the technological gap and the home country’s institutions and government policy matter as well

  3. Intervention rettet mod sproget hos børn med autisme

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Brynskov, Cecilia

    2014-01-01

    Sprogniveauet hos børn med autisme er afgørende for deres muligheder for udfoldelse og udvikling, og sproget er et udviklingsområde, der er meget modtageligt for intensiv intervention. Imidlertid modtager danske børn med autisme kun sjældent intensiv intervention rettet mod sproget. De intensive...

  4. Activity of the Baby Sun

    Science.gov (United States)

    Katsova, M. M.; Livshits, M. A.; Mishenina, T. V.; Nizamov, B. A.

    2017-05-01

    An analysis of the X-ray radiation of G-stars shows that the youngest fast rotating stars are characterized by saturation of activity, but part of stars demonstrate the solar-type activity, starting from rotational periods of 1.4 days. This type of activity, the level of which is determined by the rate of axial rotation, includes the formation of spots, flares and etc; first, activity is irregular, and only then there are conditions for the formation of cycles. The Kepler data show that stars of the same spectral type demonstrate two activity levels. This bimodality of different distributions of stars, change in a character of cycles and a level of Жiзнь i Bceлeннaya flare activity are evidences for an evolution of activity versus the age. By the nature of activity, we call conditionally G-dwarfs with rotation periods from 1 day to 5-6 days by the term "the Baby Sun" (the maximal number of these stars has Prot = 3 d), and we refer G-stars with Prot from 10 to 18 days to "the Young Suns". Ages of the main amount of the Baby Sun are around 200-600 Myr and the Young Sun are of about 1-2 Gyr. The Baby Suns are characterized by enhanced lithium content. We estimate the quasi-stationary X-ray and farultraviolet radiation of the outer atmosphere of the Baby Sun. From the GALEX data we obtain the FUV flux in the range 1350-1750 A for this kind of stars at the distance of 1 AU is 12.8 ± 4.2 erg/(cm^2 c), that exceeds the FUV-flux of the contemporary Sun by more than 6 times. The Kepler data demonstrate that the superflares happen more often namely on the Baby Suns. Our estimate is that superflares of the total energies 10^35 erg occur on the Baby Sun of about one per year.

  5. ["Designer baby" changed to French for "double hope baby"].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Fagniez, P-L; Loriau, J; Tayar, C

    2005-10-01

    Scientific advances during the last decades regarding potential intervention on embryos arouse many questions in society to prepare the ground concerning the limits that should be set for these practices. For the first time in 1994, a parliamentary proceeding allowed the definition of a French model of bioethics through laws of the same name. These laws, among others, authorized in a well and strictly defined setting the practice of preimplantation genetic diagnosis (PGD). Because of technical progress concerning PGD, new questions arose, especially concerning the accomplishment of designer babies. The French Chamber of Representatives came in with a new law that banishes the concept of designer babies and replaces it with another concept: double hope babies, in French "bébé du double espoir". A first hope of a pregnancy giving birth to a healthy child and the second being that this child conceived with the aid of PGD could help treat an elder brother. Because of the issuing of two specific laws in a ten years interval, France occupies a privileged place in a Europe where bioethical issues continue to be debated, particularly PGD.

  6. Klinisk retningslinje for opsporing af angst og/eller depression hos indlagte og ambulante patienter med kronisk obstruktiv lungesygdom

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Strømstad, Grisja Vorre; Stassen, Ingelise Trosborg; Lassen Nielsen, Stine

    2015-01-01

    Formålet med den kliniske retningslinje er, at identificere screeningsredskaber der kan opspore angst og depression hos patienter med KOL, så patienter med angst og/eller depression bliver tilbudt relevant behandling.......Formålet med den kliniske retningslinje er, at identificere screeningsredskaber der kan opspore angst og depression hos patienter med KOL, så patienter med angst og/eller depression bliver tilbudt relevant behandling....

  7. Hvilken evidens er der for behandling af depression hos børn og unge med kognitiv terapi?

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Sørensen, Merete Juul; Thomsen, Per Hove

    2007-01-01

    Depression hos børn og unge er relativt hyppigt forekommende og kan have svære konsekvenser. Den specifikke antidepressive behandling kan være psykoterapeutisk eller medikamentel. I artiklen gennemgås på baggrund af systematisk litteratursøgning den videnskabelige evidens for effekten af kognitiv...... adfærdsterapi hos børn og unge med depression....

  8. MODERN PRODUCTS FOR FEEDING PREMATURE BABIES

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    A. V. Surzhik

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available In recent decades there has been substantial progress in the technology of premature infants nursing, especially with extremely low birth weight. Adequate feeding is one of the fundamental factors of premature babies nursing. To ensure a premature baby with all necessary components for power saving in breast milk intake, breast milk fortifiers — specifically developed additives that adjust the composition of food for premature babies, are used for more than 20 years (for premature babies receiving breast milk. On the one hand, to preserve all benefits of breastfeeding, on the other — to prevent the deficit development of necessary elements for adequate growth and development of nutrients.

  9. The Aroma Composition of Baby Ginger Paocai

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Songming Luo

    2017-01-01

    Full Text Available The purpose of this study was to analyze the volatile compounds in baby ginger paocai and the fresh baby ginger and identify the key aroma components that contribute to the flavor of baby ginger paocai. A total of 86 volatile compounds from the two baby ginger samples were quantified; these compounds were extracted by headspace solid-phase microextraction (HS-SPME and analyzed by gas chromatography–mass spectrometry (GC-MS. The aroma composition of baby ginger paocai was different from that of fresh baby ginger. Baby ginger paocai was characterized by the presence of aroma-active compounds which varied in concentration from 0.03 to 28.14%. Geranyl acetate was the aroma component with the highest relative content in baby ginger paocai. β-myrcene, eucalyptol, trans-β-ocimene, Z-ocimene, linalool, decanal, cis-citral, geraniol, geranyl acetate, curcumene, and β-bisabolene contributed to the overall aroma of the product of baby ginger paocai which had gone through a moderate fermentation process.

  10. Can Babies Learn to Read? A Randomized Trial of Baby Media

    Science.gov (United States)

    Neuman, Susan B.; Kaefer, Tanya; Pinkham, Ashley; Strouse, Gabrielle

    2014-01-01

    Targeted to children as young as 3 months old, there is a growing number of baby media products that claim to teach babies to read. This randomized controlled trial was designed to examine this claim by investigating the effects of a best-selling baby media product on reading development. One hundred and seventeen infants, ages 9 to 18 months,…

  11. Nanotubo de carbono-chitosan en células HOS y THP-1 Carbon nanotubes-chitosan in HOS and THP-1 cells

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    John Jairo Castillo León

    2011-04-01

    Full Text Available Introducción: Los nanotubos de carbono (NTC son estructuras nanométricas utilizadas en el tratamiento de enfermedades, principalmente en la entrega de fármacos para terapias en cáncer. Objetivos: Estudiar la internalización de NTC acoplado a quitosan (NTC-Q en células de osteosarcoma humano (HOS y monocitos humanos de leucemia aguda (THP-1. Materiales y métodos: Los NTC solubilizados con quitosan 30% fueron caracterizados espectroscópicamente por UV-Vis, fluorescencia y Raman. Las células HOS y THP-1 fueron tratadas con NTC-Q y se evaluó la internalización por tinción de Giemsa en microscopio de luz y la citotóxicidad utilizando la prueba fluorométrica de Azul de Alamar. Resultados: Los espectros Raman y de fluorescencia mostraron la funcionalización de los NTC con quitosan. Los NTC fueron internalizados por las líneas celulares después de 24 h mostrando una ubicación citoplasmática sin presentar citotóxicidad en ninguna de las células evaluadas. Discusión: Las características presentadas por los NTC-Q les brinda la posibilidad de ser utilizados como transportadores de fármacos. Salud UIS 2011; 43(1: 21-26Introduction: Carbon nanotubes (CNT are nanometer-sized structures used in medicine in the treatment of diseases, mainly in drug delivery in therapies against cancer. Objectives: To Study the internalization of carbon nanotubes modified with chitosan (CNT-CH in human osteosarcom cells (HOS and human monocytes of acute leukemia (THP1. Materials and methods: The CNTs solubilized in chitosan 30% were characterized spectroscopically by UV-Vis, fluorescence and Raman. HOS cells and THP-1 were treated with CNT-CH, the internalization was evaluated by Giemsa staining with light microscopy, and cytotoxicity was determined using Alamar Blue assay. Results: Raman and fluorescence spectra showed the functionalization of the CNT with chitosan. After 24 h the NTC were internalized in the cell lines showing a cytoplasmic location and

  12. HOS cell adhesion on Ti6Al4V surfaces texturized by laser engraving

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sandoval Amador, A.; Carreño Garcia, H.; Escobar Rivero, P.; Peña Ballesteros, D. Y.; Estupiñán Duran, H. A.

    2016-02-01

    The cell adhesion of the implant is determinate by the chemical composition, topography, wettability, surface energy and biocompatibility of the biomaterial. In this work the interaction between human osteosarcoma HOS cells and textured Ti6Al4V surfaces were evaluated. Ti6Al4V surfaces were textured using a CO2 laser in order to obtain circular spots on the surfaces. Test surfaces were uncoated (C1) used as a control surface, and surfaces with points obtained by laser engraving, with 1mm spacing (C2) and 0.5mm (C3). The HOS cells were cultured in RPMI-1640 medium with 10% fetal bovine serum and 1% antibiotics. No cells toxicity after one month incubation time occurred. The increased cell adhesion and cell spreading was observed after 1, 3 and 5 days without significant differences between the sample surfaces (C2 and C3) and control (uncoated) at the end of the experiment.

  13. HOS cell adhesion on Ti6Al4V ELI texturized by CO2 laser

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sandoval-Amador, A.; Bayona–Alvarez, Y. M.; Carreño Garcia, H.; Escobar-Rivero, P.; Y Peña-Ballesteros, D.

    2017-12-01

    In this work, the response of HOS cells on Ti6Al4V ELI textured surfaces by a CO2 laser was evaluated. The test surfaces were; smooth Ti6Al4V, used as the control, and four textured surfaces with linear geometry. These four surfaces had different separation distances between textured lines, D1 (1000 microns), D2 (750 microns), D3 (500 microns) and D4 (250 microns). Toxicity of textured surfaces was assessed by MTT and the cellular adhesion test was performed using HOS ATCC CRL 1543 line cells. This test was done after 5 days of culture in a RPMI 1640 medium supplemented with 10% fetal bovine serum and 1% antibiotics. The results showed that the linear textures present 23% toxicity after 30 days of incubation, nevertheless, the adhesion tests results are inconclusive in such conditions and therefore the effect of the line separation on the cell adhesion cannot be determined.

  14. Automatic Detection of Pathologies in The Voice by HOS Based Parameters

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    de Leon José

    2001-01-01

    Full Text Available In the current panorama the conclusive identification of a laryngeal pathology relies inevitably on the observation of the vocal folds by means of laryngoscopical techniques. This inspection technique is inconvenient for a number of reasons, such as its high cost, the duration of the inspection, and, above all, the fact that it is an invasive technique. This paper looks into the possibility of measuring the quality of a voice starting from an audio recording. The existing parameters in current literature ("classic parameters" which allow quantifying the quality of a voice have been studied, and the parameters that present better results have been selected. Also, seven new High Order Statistics (HOS based parameters are proposed to parametrize the voice signal. On the other hand, a software package has been developed which carries out the automatic detection of dysfunction in phonation. A success rate of % has been obtained by using both the classic and the HOS based proposed parameters.

  15. Skadelig mutation nedsætter frughtbarheden hos de røde racer

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Sahana, Goutam; Pedersen, Louise Dybdahl

    2014-01-01

    Igennem flere årtier er mælkeydelsen steget støt hos de danske malkekvægracer, og det er én af årsagerne til, at frugtbarheden fortsat er lav, idet der er en ugunstig sammenhæng mellem mælkeydelse og frugtbarhed (fig. 1). Hidtil har man ment, at den ugunstige sammenhæng skyldtes en negativ energi...

  16. Sammenhengen mellom ADHD-symptomer og eksekutive vansker hos førskolebarn med autismespekterforstyrrelser

    OpenAIRE

    Midtstigen, Endre Martin Blindheim

    2015-01-01

    Forfatter: Endre Blindheim Midtstigen Tittel: Sammenhengen mellom ADHD-symptomer og eksekutive vansker hos førskolebarn med autismespekterforstyrrelser Hovedveileder: Professor Stephen Von Tetzchner, Universitetet i Oslo Biveileder: Pål Surén, PhD, Nasjonalt folkehelseinstitutt Bakgrunn: Barn med autismespekterforstyrrelser (ASF) har ofte eksekutive vansker. Studier antyder at skolebarn som har samforekomst av ASF og ADHD-symptomer (ASF+) har større grad av eksekutive vansker relativt til de ...

  17. Drænbehandling af recidiverende otitis media hos børn

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Lous, Jørgen; Trankjær, Christina Ryborg; Thomsen, Janus Laust

    2010-01-01

    I et nyligt publiceret Cochrane-review om effekten af indsættelse af trommehindedræn hos børn med recidiverende akut otitis media (RAOM) fandt man kun to studier, som opfyldte inklusionskriterierne. De inkluderede studier påviste en absolut risikoreduktion for at få AOM på 0,34 på seks måneder. Ved...

  18. Your Baby's Hearing, Vision, and Other Senses: 11 Months

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... Needs Factsheet School Violence and the News Your Baby's Hearing, Vision, and Other Senses: 11 Months KidsHealth > ... textures in the environment. How Well Can My Baby See? Your baby's eyesight has been maturing for ...

  19. Welcoming a New Baby into Your Family

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... Heart Murmurs Welcoming a New Baby Into Your Family KidsHealth > For Kids > Welcoming a New Baby Into Your Family Print A A A What's in this article? ... first look at the newest member of your family. Expect your brother or sister to be small, ...

  20. The baby has not come: obstructed labour

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    oxytocin infusion as there are associated risks such as overstimulation of the uterus and uterine rupture. Oxytocin may overstimulate the uterus thus putting the baby through too many contractions in a short time so there is not enough time between contractions for the baby to recover. This can lead to fetal distress. Oxytocin.

  1. Designer Babies: Eugenics Repackaged or Consumer Options?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Baird, Stephen L.

    2007-01-01

    "Designer babies" is a term used by journalists and commentators--not by scientists--to describe several different reproductive technologies. These technologies have one thing in common: they give parents more control over what their offspring will be like. Designer babies are made possible by progress in three fields: (1) Advanced…

  2. Baby Blues’ highbush blueberry

    Science.gov (United States)

    Baby Blues’ is a new highbush blueberry from the U.S. Department of Agriculture-Agricultural Research Service (USDA-ARS) breeding program in Corvallis, OR, released in cooperation with Oregon State University’s Agricultural Experiment Station. ‘Baby Blues’ is a vigorous, high-yielding, very small-f...

  3. Silent Birth: Mourning a Stillborn Baby.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Stringham, Jean G.; And Others

    1982-01-01

    Based on clinical interviews with 20 women, describes the experience of giving birth to and mourning a stillborn baby. Issues include pregnancy, delivery, seeing and touching the baby, autopsy, burial, "making memories," and mourning. Discusses the social worker's role in clinical practice and in influencing hospital procedures. (Author)

  4. Wellness engineering for better quality of life of aging baby boomer

    Science.gov (United States)

    Szu, Harold

    2007-04-01

    Current health care system serving 78M aging baby-boomers is no longer sustainable, as the cost about 1/5 GDP will reach 1/4 GDT when all is retired in decades, unless the system is changed. We design a high-tech safe net to enhance the timeliness of early correct treatment execution (otherwise, causing 1/4 mortality associated with an escalating legal fee waste). We follow the common sense that "a stitch in time saves nine," and adopt the military surveillance know-how in designing early warning health management system, comprising of smart sensor pairs for point-care surveillance. However, the grand plan of affordable smart sensors hardware for households requires an ODM & OEM teaming to conduct parallel designing and sequential marketing strategy. The military software strategy combating a treacherous adversary enemy match well with point cares surveillance overcoming real world microorganism variability. Moreover, such smart military software provides self-reference change detection, not by traditional cohort ensemble average, but by individual own higher order statistics (HOS) independent component analysis (ICA), which take the advantage of known initial condition for each individual and desirable over-sampling daily dynamics. The triggering of warning follows the military algorithms comprising of Receiver Operation Characteristics (ROC) and Automatic Target Recognition (ATR). To further reduce the unwanted false negative rate, a benchmarked is made against the traditional cohort-ensemble baseline average & the upper & lower bounds of variance as adopted by the gatekeepers - Medical Doctors (MD) and Nurses.

  5. Resuscitating the Baby after Shoulder Dystocia

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Savas Menticoglou

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available Background. To propose hypovolemic shock as a possible explanation for the failure to resuscitate some babies after shoulder dystocia and to suggest a change in clinical practice. Case Presentation. Two cases are presented in which severe shoulder dystocia was resolved within five minutes. Both babies were born without a heartbeat. Despite standard resuscitation by expert neonatologists, no heartbeat was obtained until volume resuscitation was started, at 25 minutes in the first case and 11 minutes in the second. After volume resuscitation circulation was restored, there was profound brain damage and the babies died. Conclusion. Unsuspected hypovolemic shock may explain some cases of failed resuscitation after shoulder dystocia. This may require a change in clinical practice. Rather than immediately clamping the cord after the baby is delivered, it is proposed that (1 the obstetrician delay cord clamping to allow autotransfusion of the baby from the placenta and (2 the neonatal resuscitators give volume much sooner.

  6. The Hos2 Histone Deacetylase Controls Ustilago maydis Virulence through Direct Regulation of Mating-Type Genes.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Alberto Elías-Villalobos

    2015-08-01

    Full Text Available Morphological changes are critical for host colonisation in plant pathogenic fungi. These changes occur at specific stages of their pathogenic cycle in response to environmental signals and are mediated by transcription factors, which act as master regulators. Histone deacetylases (HDACs play crucial roles in regulating gene expression, for example by locally modulating the accessibility of chromatin to transcriptional regulators. It has been reported that HDACs play important roles in the virulence of plant fungi. However, the specific environment-sensing pathways that control fungal virulence via HDACs remain poorly characterised. Here we address this question using the maize pathogen Ustilago maydis. We find that the HDAC Hos2 is required for the dimorphic switch and pathogenic development in U. maydis. The deletion of hos2 abolishes the cAMP-dependent expression of mating type genes. Moreover, ChIP experiments detect Hos2 binding to the gene bodies of mating-type genes, which increases in proportion to their expression level following cAMP addition. These observations suggest that Hos2 acts as a downstream component of the cAMP-PKA pathway to control the expression of mating-type genes. Interestingly, we found that Clr3, another HDAC present in U. maydis, also contributes to the cAMP-dependent regulation of mating-type gene expression, demonstrating that Hos2 is not the only HDAC involved in this control system. Overall, our results provide new insights into the role of HDACs in fungal phytopathogenesis.

  7. The Hos2 Histone Deacetylase Controls Ustilago maydis Virulence through Direct Regulation of Mating-Type Genes.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Elías-Villalobos, Alberto; Fernández-Álvarez, Alfonso; Moreno-Sánchez, Ismael; Helmlinger, Dominique; Ibeas, José I

    2015-08-01

    Morphological changes are critical for host colonisation in plant pathogenic fungi. These changes occur at specific stages of their pathogenic cycle in response to environmental signals and are mediated by transcription factors, which act as master regulators. Histone deacetylases (HDACs) play crucial roles in regulating gene expression, for example by locally modulating the accessibility of chromatin to transcriptional regulators. It has been reported that HDACs play important roles in the virulence of plant fungi. However, the specific environment-sensing pathways that control fungal virulence via HDACs remain poorly characterised. Here we address this question using the maize pathogen Ustilago maydis. We find that the HDAC Hos2 is required for the dimorphic switch and pathogenic development in U. maydis. The deletion of hos2 abolishes the cAMP-dependent expression of mating type genes. Moreover, ChIP experiments detect Hos2 binding to the gene bodies of mating-type genes, which increases in proportion to their expression level following cAMP addition. These observations suggest that Hos2 acts as a downstream component of the cAMP-PKA pathway to control the expression of mating-type genes. Interestingly, we found that Clr3, another HDAC present in U. maydis, also contributes to the cAMP-dependent regulation of mating-type gene expression, demonstrating that Hos2 is not the only HDAC involved in this control system. Overall, our results provide new insights into the role of HDACs in fungal phytopathogenesis.

  8. PREBIOTICS, INULIN AND BABY FOODS

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    S.V. Bel’mer

    2010-01-01

    Full Text Available Prebiotics play significant role in life support of microorganisms of human gastrointestinal tract, and normal functional state of intestinal biocenosis is sufficient condition for human health. Intestinal microbiocenosis is a component of regulation of proteins and lipids metabolism, vitamins synthesis, detoxication process in intestine, etc. prebiotics include a number of disaccharides (lactulose, oligosaccharides and polysaccharides (inulin, cellulose, etc.. Fructose polymer — inulin — provides growth of bifido- and lactobacteria, improves metabolism and has immunomodulating activity. Formation of intestinal micro biocenosis in infant is provided by prebiotics of breast milk. Further state of micro biocenosis, which is necessary for growth and development of child, is determined by adequate intake of prebiotics from fruits, vegetables and cereals. It is reasonable to use special baby foods fortified with prebiotics (for example, inulin.Key words: prebiotics, intestinal microflora, inulin.(Voprosy sovremennoi pediatrii — Current Pediatrics. – 2010;9(3:121-125

  9. Why at Least 39 Weeks Is Best for Your Baby?

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... your baby early. But if you have a choice and you're planning to schedule your baby's birth, wait until at least 39 weeks. Babies born too early may have more health problems at birth and later in life than babies born later. Being pregnant 39 weeks ...

  10. Healthy Family 2009: Bringing in Baby

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... Navigation Bar Home Current Issue Past Issues Healthy Family 2009 Bringing in Baby Past Issues / Winter 2009 ... Down syndrome and other common genetic disorders, inherited family conditions, such as Duchenne muscular dystrophy, or disorders ...

  11. Abusive Head Trauma (Shaken Baby Syndrome)

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... to cope. The National Center on Shaken Baby Syndrome offers a prevention program, the Period of Purple Crying , which can help parents and other caregivers understand crying in healthy infants and how to ...

  12. Mineral profile of Spanish commercial baby food.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mir-Marqués, Alba; González-Masó, Anna; Cervera, M Luisa; de la Guardia, Miguel

    2015-04-01

    Commercial baby foods are an important part of the daily intake of babies from 6 to 12 months. The mineral profile of commercial baby foods in Spain was determined to establish levels of essential and non-essential elements, and their contribution to adequate intake (AI) and estimated average requirement (EAR). Thirty-five jars of commercial foods containing meat, fish, vegetables and fruit were obtained from the Spanish market and the mineral composition determined for 14 elements. In general, the baby foods analysed were sufficient for an adequate mineral intake, but contributions to AI and EAR for iron, zinc and calcium were very low (5-20%, 10-60% and 10-70%, respectively). This deficiency could be associated with growth problems or diseases in adulthood, and fortification of commercial products is recommended. Copyright © 2014 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

  13. Mermaid baby | Khan | SA Journal of Radiology

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Abstract. We were recently intrigued by a baby born at Kalafong Hospital with fused lower extremities resembling a mermaid, which caused us to search for the background and origin of this entity called sirenomelia.

  14. Zika Virus: Protecting Pregnant Women and Babies

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... Digital Press Kit Read the MMWR Science Clips Zika Virus Protecting Pregnant Women and Babies Language: English (US) ... Spanish) Recommend on Facebook Tweet Share Compartir Overview Zika virus infection (Zika) during pregnancy can cause damage to ...

  15. Is My Baby Getting Enough Milk?

    Medline Plus

    Full Text Available ... It's Only Natural Planning ahead Overcoming challenges Overcoming breastfeeding challenges Dealing with lack of family support Is my baby getting enough milk? Breastfeeding in one word Common questions about breastfeeding and ...

  16. Crying Baby? How to Keep Your Cool

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... moving. Weather permitting, put your baby in the stroller and take a brisk walk. You might even ... Version. http://www.merckmanuals.com/home/children-s-health-issues/symptoms-in-infants-and-children/colic. Accessed Sept. ...

  17. Is My Baby Getting Enough Milk?

    Medline Plus

    Full Text Available ... Overcoming challenges Is my baby getting enough milk? YouTube embed video: YouTube embed video: https://www.youtube-nocookie.com/embed/eAWpWFREo9o Pediatrician Sahira Long, M. ...

  18. Is My Baby Getting Enough Milk?

    Medline Plus

    Full Text Available ... project of the U.S. Department of Health and Human Services Office on Women's Health Skip Navigation En ... breastfeeding challenges Dealing with lack of family support Is my baby getting enough milk? Breastfeeding ...

  19. Is My Baby Getting Enough Milk?

    Medline Plus

    Full Text Available ... Finding support Fitting it into your life My breastfeeding story Partner resources Subscribe to It's Only Natural email updates. Enter email address Submit Home > It's Only Natural > Overcoming challenges Is my baby ...

  20. Breastfeeding FAQs: Sleep - Yours and Your Baby's

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... with sleeping. previous continue When will my baby sleep through the night? Newborns should be woken up every 3 to 4 hours until their weight gain is established, which typically happens within the first ...

  1. Benzocaine and Babies: Not a Good Mix

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... Consumers Consumer Updates Benzocaine and Babies: Not a Good Mix Share Tweet Linkedin Pin it More sharing ... children are more at risk, it’s still a good idea to talk to your health care professional ...

  2. Is My Baby Getting Enough Milk?

    Medline Plus

    Full Text Available ... Overcoming breastfeeding challenges Dealing with lack of family support Is my baby getting enough milk? Breastfeeding in ... get a good latch Addressing breastfeeding myths Finding support Fitting it into your life My breastfeeding story ...

  3. Maternal health and the baby boom

    National Research Council Canada - National Science Library

    Albanesi, Stefania; Olivetti, Claudia

    2014-01-01

    .... Our hypothesis is that the improvements in maternal health contributed to the mid‐twentieth century baby boom and generated a rise in women's human capital, ultimately leading to a decline in desired fertility for subsequent cohorts...

  4. Finding a Doctor for Your New Baby

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... suspending or revoking his or her license for criminal behavior. Disciplinary action is rare but, fortunately, very ... feel after the baby is born. Choosing the right health care provider will help you feel confident ...

  5. Exact BPS bound for noncommutative baby Skyrmions

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Domrin, Andrei, E-mail: domrin@mi.ras.ru [Department of Mathematics and Mechanics, Moscow State University, Leninskie gory, 119992, GSP-2, Moscow (Russian Federation); Lechtenfeld, Olaf, E-mail: lechtenf@itp.uni-hannover.de [Institut für Theoretische Physik and Riemann Center for Geometry and Physics, Leibniz Universität Hannover, Appelstraße 2, 30167 Hannover (Germany); Linares, Román, E-mail: lirr@xanum.uam.mx [Departamento de Física, Universidad Autónoma Metropolitana Iztapalapa, San Rafael Atlixco 186, C.P. 09340, México D.F. (Mexico); Maceda, Marco, E-mail: mmac@xanum.uam.mx [Departamento de Física, Universidad Autónoma Metropolitana Iztapalapa, San Rafael Atlixco 186, C.P. 09340, México D.F. (Mexico)

    2013-11-25

    The noncommutative baby Skyrme model is a Moyal deformation of the two-dimensional sigma model plus a Skyrme term, with a group-valued or Grassmannian target. Exact abelian solitonic solutions have been identified analytically in this model, with a singular commutative limit. Inside any given Grassmannian, we establish a BPS bound for the energy functional, which is saturated by these baby Skyrmions. This asserts their stability for unit charge, as we also test in second-order perturbation theory.

  6. Safe Sleep for Babies PSA (:60)

    Centers for Disease Control (CDC) Podcasts

    2018-01-09

    This 60 second public service announcement is based on the January 2018 CDC Vital Signs report. Every year, there are about 3,500 sleep-related deaths among U.S. babies. Learn how to create a safe sleep environment for babies.  Created: 1/9/2018 by Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC).   Date Released: 1/9/2018.

  7. Functional characterization of Candida albicans Hos2 histone deacetylase [v3; ref status: indexed, http://f1000r.es/3xh

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    G Karthikeyan

    2014-07-01

    Full Text Available Candida albicans is a mucosal commensal organism capable of causing superficial (oral and vaginal thrush infections in immune normal hosts, but is a major pathogen causing systemic and mucosal infections in immunocompromised individuals. Azoles have been very effective anti-fungal agents and the mainstay in treating opportunistic mold and yeast infections. Azole resistant strains have emerged compromising the utility of this class of drugs. It has been shown that azole resistance can be reversed by the co-administration of a histone deacetylase (HDAC inhibitor, suggesting that resistance is mediated by epigenetic mechanisms possibly involving Hos2, a fungal deacetylase. We report here the cloning and functional characterization of HOS2 (HighOsmolarity Sensitive, a gene coding for fungal histone deacetylase from C. albicans. Inhibition studies showed that Hos2 is susceptible to pan inhibitors such as trichostatin A (TSA and suberoylanilide hydroxamic acid (SAHA, but is not inhibited by class I inhibitors such as MS-275. This in vitro enzymatic assay, which is amenable to high throughput could be used for screening potent fungal Hos2 inhibitors that could be a potential anti-fungal adjuvant. Purified Hos2 protein consistently deacetylated tubulins, rather than histones from TSA-treated cells. Hos2 has been reported to be a putative NAD+ dependent histone deacetylase, a feature of sirtuins. We assayed for sirtuin activation with resveratrol and purified Hos2 protein and did not find any sirtuin activity.

  8. HosA, a MarR Family Transcriptional Regulator, Represses Nonoxidative Hydroxyarylic Acid Decarboxylase Operon and Is Modulated by 4-Hydroxybenzoic Acid.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Roy, Ajit; Ranjan, Akash

    2016-02-23

    Members of the Multiple antibiotic resistance Regulator (MarR) family of DNA binding proteins regulate transcription of a wide array of genes required for virulence and pathogenicity of bacteria. The present study reports the molecular characterization of HosA (Homologue of SlyA), a MarR protein, with respect to its target gene, DNA recognition motif, and nature of its ligand. Through a comparative genomics approach, we demonstrate that hosA is in synteny with nonoxidative hydroxyarylic acid decarboxylase (HAD) operon and is present exclusively within the mutS-rpoS polymorphic region in nine different genera of Enterobacteriaceae family. Using molecular biology and biochemical approach, we demonstrate that HosA binds to a palindromic sequence downstream to the transcription start site of divergently transcribed nonoxidative HAD operon and represses its expression. Furthermore, in silico analysis showed that the recognition motif for HosA is highly conserved in the upstream region of divergently transcribed operon in different genera of Enterobacteriaceae family. A systematic chemical search for the physiological ligand revealed that 4-hydroxybenzoic acid (4-HBA) interacts with HosA and derepresses HosA mediated repression of the nonoxidative HAD operon. Based on our study, we propose a model for molecular mechanism underlying the regulation of nonoxidative HAD operon by HosA in Enterobacteriaceae family.

  9. The ART of marketing babies.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Qadeer, Imrana

    2010-01-01

    New legislation can be oppressive for a significant population depending upon the politics of its drafters. The current upsurge of the surrogacy trade in India, and the label of a "win-win" situation that it has acquired, points towards an unfettered commercialisation of assisted reproductive technology and the practice of surrogacy that is blinding its middle class users as well as providers, policy makers and law makers, and charging an imagination that is already caught up in spiralling consumerism. This paper analyses the Draft Assisted Reproductive Technology (Regulation) Bill and Rules, 2008, in the Indian socioeconomic context. It identifies the interests of the affected women, and examines the contradictions of the proposed Bill with their interests, as well as with current health and population policies, confining itself to the handling of surrogacy and not the entire content of the Bill. The bases of the analytical perspective used are: the context of poverty and the health needs of the Indian population; the need to locate surrogacy services within the overall public health service context and its epidemiological basis; the need to restrain direct human experimentation for the advancement of any technology; the use of safer methods; and, finally, the rights of surrogate mothers and their babies, in India, as opposed to the compulsion or dynamics of the medical market and reproductive tourism.

  10. Baby boomers nearing retirement: the healthiest generation?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rice, Neil E; Lang, Iain A; Henley, William; Melzer, David

    2010-02-01

    The baby-boom generation is entering retirement. Having experienced unprecedented prosperity and improved medical technology, they should be the healthiest generation ever. We compared prevalence of disease and risk factors at ages 50-61 years in baby boomers with the preceding generation and attributed differences to period or cohort effects. Data were from the Health Survey for England (HSE) from 1994 to 2007 (n = 48,563). Logistic regression models compared health status between birth cohorts. Age-period-cohort models identified cohort and period effects separately. Compared to the wartime generation, the baby-boomer group was heavier (3.02 kg; 95% confidence interval [CI], 2.42-3.63; p Baby boomers reported fewer heart attacks (OR = 0.61; CI, 0.47-0.79; p baby boomers are moving toward retirement with improved cardiovascular health. However, the baby-boomer cohort has a higher prevalence of mental illness diagnoses and shows no improvement in self-rated health compared to the wartime birth cohort. There remains substantial scope to reduce health risks and future disability.

  11. Traditional foods vs. manufactured baby foods.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ferguson, Elaine L; Darmon, Nicole

    2007-01-01

    The provision of nutrient-dense complementary foods is essential to ensure an infant's nutrient requirements are met. Yet often, relative to recommendations, traditional complementary foods have low levels of nutrients, suggesting a role, for fortified manufactured baby foods, in ensuring dietary adequacy. In this review, the potential benefits and safety of using fortified manufactured baby foods versus traditional foods alone are evaluated based on evidence from food composition data, diet modeling and intervention studies. Results from the food composition data and diet modeling suggest that ensuring a nutritionally adequate complementary feeding diet based on traditional foods alone is difficult. Conversely, except for biochemical iron status, intervention trials do not show consistent benefits, for growth or biochemical zinc or riboflavin status, with the use of fortified manufactured baby foods versus traditional foods alone. The safety of manufactured baby foods will depend on food preparation practices and the presence of effective governmental regulatory infrastructures. Hence, in environments where fortified manufactured baby foods are expensive, unavailable or where there is an absence of effective governmental regulatory infrastructures, the use of traditional foods is advised. Conversely, where affordable manufactured baby foods are available, marketed safely and fortified appropriately, their use is likely to result in improved nutrient intakes and infant biochemical iron status. In all environments, the promotion of breastfeeding, active feeding and high levels of hygiene is essential to ensure optimal nutritional status.

  12. A Voice for the Voiceless - Journalistisk alsidighed hos Al Jazeera English

    OpenAIRE

    Brusvang, Anne Emilie Frandsen; Rasmussen, Astrid Louise; Jensen, Margit Lundø; Værnet, Rosa Maria; Engrose, Felix; Aagren, Lærke

    2013-01-01

    Projektet undersøger journalistisk alsidighed hos Al Jazeera English (AJE), samt hvordan denne påvirkes af, at nyhedskanalen vil være stemme for dem uden stemme. Indledningsvis gives indblik i AJE gennem blandt andre Philip Seib og Hugh Miles, ligesom der redegøres for nyhedsteori samt Maxwell E. McCombs’ teori om mediernes dagsordensættende funktion. Med metodisk basis i David Hesmondhalgh og Stig Hjarvard udføres en indholdsanalyse og tre diskursanalyser af programmerne NewsHour og Inside S...

  13. Redskaber til vurdering af behov hos mennesker med kræft

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Steenfeldt, Vibeke Østergaard; Sølver, Lisbeth; Thomsen, Thora Grothe

    2015-01-01

    Regioner og kommuner implementerer systematisk behovsvurdering, som anbefalet i Forløbsprogram for rehabilitering og palliation, der fulgte Kræftplan III. I praksis er det imidlertid ikke entydigt, hvordan disse vurderinger skal foregå og på hvilket værdigrundlag. Artiklen retter opmærksomhed mod...... sondringen mellem problem og behov og beskriver to typer spørgeskemaer, som i dag anbefales til at vurdere behov for rehabilitering og palliation hos mennesker med kræft og andre livstruende sygdomme. I lyset af det fokus, der er på evidensbaseret praksis, reflekterer forfatterne over udviklingen på området...

  14. Förekomst av karies och parodontit hos personer med Morbus Crohn

    OpenAIRE

    Johansson, Annika; Olsson, Sara

    2012-01-01

    Syftet med litteraturstudien var att undersöka förekomsten av karies och parodontit hos personer med Morbus Crohn. Metoden som användes var en allmän litteraturstudie. Materialet till litteraturstudien samlades in genom sökning i databaserna Cinahl, PubMed och ScienceDirect. De sökord som användes vid litteratursökningen i samtliga databaser var ”caries”, ”Crohn’s disease”, ”periodontal disease” och ”periodontitis”. Vetenskapliga artiklar som fick ingå i litteraturstudien begränsades till ”En...

  15. Baby boom generation at the retirement onset

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Stojilković Jelena

    2010-01-01

    Full Text Available Sudden increase in the number of live births after the Second World War due to an increase in fertility rates has led to the formation of cohorts with specific characteristics or baby boom generation. This generation is unique in the history of the demographic phenomenon that has affected and affects the functioning of many segments of society. The aim of this paper is to assess structure of baby boomers who are few years away from retirement, using demographic data. Impact of baby boomer age structure of current and future retirees is described with a graphical display of current and projected age pyramid of baby boomers. Demographic pattern that women live longer than men is evident in the projected pyramid. In addition, the number of baby boomers will lead to a "younger" old population. The imbalance in the number of men and women pensioners, as well as older cohorts of women and female baby boomers was analyzed. As a result, an increasing trend of women's age pensioners who are members of the baby boom generation was clearly observed, which is opposite to the older cohort of women who often were family pensioners. Different circumstances and conditions in which female boomers lived and worked will form a new "pension model" because they will gain their benefits as well as men, for the first time in significant number, unlike their mothers, which gained the right to retire after they become widows. Number of women age pensioners is getting greater comparing to men, as the result of changes in the economic activities of women in the last half of the 20th century. When baby boomers retire and exit the working population, this will create a vacuum, because the numerically smaller generations will enter working population, while the sudden and very shortly, the number of population older than 60 or 65 will increase, most of them will likely to acquire the right to a pension. It is undeniable that baby boomers had impact on demographic structure

  16. What is my Baby Like? Representations Concerning the Baby in the Third Trimester of Pregnancy

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Marta Pedreira

    2015-11-01

    Full Text Available AimTo investigate if during the third trimester of pregnancy fantasies emerge in the baby representations based on the information that pregnant women have on their real babies through ultrasound techniques.MethodA qualitative, descriptive and exploratory research based on a sample of 30 pregnant Portuguese women, whose average age is 32 years old, was developed. A socio-demographic questionnaire and a semi-directive interview entitled "Interview of Maternal Representations During Pregnancy – Revised Version" (IRMAG-R, Ammaniti & Tambelli, 2010 were employed.ResultsBaby representations are immersed in a fantasy dimension, which means that the imaginary baby is quite present in this phase of pregnancy. Pregnant women mainly attribute psychological characteristics to the babies, rather than physical characteristics. Regardless of the type of characteristics analysed, the preference for these characteristics emerges based on their wishes. Secondly, characteristics of the parents may also emerge. Fetal movements and information from ultrasound have no significant influence on the characterization of the baby.ConclusionDespite the development of ultrasound techniques, the imaginary baby defines parents representations about the baby on the third trimester of pregnancy. Consequently, a new understanding of how pregnant women experience the transition to the postnatal phase has to be considered.

  17. Red Light-Mediated Degradation of CONSTANS by the E3 Ubiquitin Ligase HOS1 Regulates Photoperiodic Flowering in Arabidopsis.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lazaro, Ana; Mouriz, Alfonso; Piñeiro, Manuel; Jarillo, José A

    2015-09-01

    The regulation of CONSTANS (CO) gene expression is crucial to accurately measure changes in daylength, which influences flowering time in Arabidopsis thaliana. CO expression is under both transcriptional and posttranslational control mechanisms. We previously showed that the E3 ubiquitin ligase HIGH EXPRESSION OF OSMOTICALLY RESPONSIVE GENES1 (HOS1) physically interacts with CO in Arabidopsis. This interaction is required to precisely modulate the timing of CO accumulation and, consequently, to maintain low levels of FLOWERING LOCUS T expression during the first part of the day. The data presented here demonstrate that HOS1 is involved in the red light-mediated degradation of CO that takes place in the early stages of the daylight period. Our results show that phytochrome B (phyB) is able to regulate flowering time, acting in the phloem companion cells, as previously described for CO and HOS1. Moreover, we reveal that phyB physically interacts with HOS1 and CO, indicating that the three proteins may be present in a complex in planta that is required to coordinate a correct photoperiodic response in Arabidopsis. © 2015 American Society of Plant Biologists. All rights reserved.

  18. 76 FR 16852 - Hours of Service (HOS) of Drivers; Assessing the Safety Impact of the Exemption From the 14-Hour...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-03-25

    ... Pyrotechnics Association (APA) an exemption from the current HOS prohibition against driving a commercial motor...: Thomas Yager, FMCSA Driver and Carrier Operations Division; Office of Bus and Truck Standards and... 381.300(b)). APA's Independence Day Operations and the Exemption from 49 CFR 395.3(a)(2) APA is a...

  19. Daphnoretin Induces Cell Cycle Arrest and Apoptosis in Human Osteosarcoma (HOS Cells

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jinhai He

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available In this study antiproliferation, cell cycle arrest and apoptosis induced by daphnoretin in human osteosarcoma (HOS cells were investigated. Antiproliferative activity was measured with the 3-(4,5-dimethylthiazol-2-yl-2,5-diphenyltetrazolium bromide (MTT assay. The IC50 value of daphnoretin was 3.89 μM after 72 h treatment. Induction of apoptosis was evidenced by apoptotic body appearance and Annexin V-FITC/PI apoptosis detection kit. Flow cytometric analysis indicated daphnoretin arrested the cell cycle in the G2/M phase. Western-blot assay showed that the G2/M phase arrest was accompanied by down-regulation of cdc2, cyclin A and cyclin B1. Moreover, daphnoretin inhibited Bcl-2 expression and induced Bax expression to desintegrate the outer mitochondrial membrane and causing cytochrome c release. Mitochondrial cytochrome c release was associated with the activation of caspase-9 and caspase-3 cascade. Our results demonstrated that daphnoretin caused death of HOS cells by blocking cells successively in G2/M phases and activating the caspase-3 pathway.

  20. Baby factories taint surrogacy in Nigeria.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Makinde, Olusesan Ayodeji; Makinde, Olufunmbi Olukemi; Olaleye, Olalekan; Brown, Brandon; Odimegwu, Clifford O

    2016-01-01

    The practice of reproductive medicine in Nigeria is facing new challenges with the proliferation of 'baby factories'. Baby factories are buildings, hospitals or orphanages that have been converted into places for young girls and women to give birth to children for sale on the black market, often to infertile couples, or into trafficking rings. This practice illegally provides outcomes (children) similar to surrogacy. While surrogacy has not been well accepted in this environment, the proliferation of baby factories further threatens its acceptance. The involvement of medical and allied health workers in the operation of baby factories raises ethical concerns. The lack of a properly defined legal framework and code of practice for surrogacy makes it difficult to prosecute baby factory owners, especially when they are health workers claiming to be providing services to clients. In this environment, surrogacy and other assisted reproductive techniques urgently require regulation in order to define when ethico-legal lines have been crossed in providing surrogacy or surrogacy-like services. Copyright © 2015 Reproductive Healthcare Ltd. Published by Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

  1. Baby Skyrme models without a potential term

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ashcroft, Jennifer; Haberichter, Mareike; Krusch, Steffen

    2015-05-01

    We develop a one-parameter family of static baby Skyrme models that do not require a potential term to admit topological solitons. This is a novel property as the standard baby Skyrme model must contain a potential term in order to have stable soliton solutions, though the Skyrme model does not require this. Our new models satisfy an energy bound that is linear in terms of the topological charge and can be saturated in an extreme limit. They also satisfy a virial theorem that is shared by the Skyrme model. We calculate the solitons of our new models numerically and observe that their form depends significantly on the choice of parameter. In one extreme, we find compactons while at the other there is a scale invariant model in which solitons can be obtained exactly as solutions to a Bogomolny equation. We provide an initial investigation into these solitons and compare them with the baby Skyrmions of other models.

  2. The health of Australian baby boomers.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Humpel, Nancy; O'Loughlin, Kate; Wells, Yvonne; Kendig, Hal

    2010-03-01

    The large baby boomer cohort is beginning to reach retirement age. This paper reviews recent Australian literature on baby boomers' health and health behaviours. Databases were searched for peer-reviewed literature and the Internet for online studies and reports. The boomers can expect an increased life span compared to those in later life now. Boomers' health behavioural risks include physical inactivity, low vegetable consumption, obesity and rising medical risk due to increasing prevalence of diabetes. Their health will impact on workforce participation and retirement timing. There is substantial scope for health improvement and consequent quality of life as boomers age. However, little is known about health decision-making, inequalities between social groups and health information sources. Future research can yield a better understanding of the health trajectories of baby boomers in order to plan for health and service needs for an ageing Australia.

  3. Dementia risk factors for Australian baby boomers.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Panegyres, Peter K; Gray, Victoria

    2010-06-21

    Baby boomers are individuals born in the years 1946 to 1965. The objective of this paper was to define the risk factors for dementia and Alzheimer's disease (AD) and their relevance to Australian baby boomers, with the aim of providing evidence-based guidelines for dementia prevention. A series of PubMed searches (1994-2010) were conducted with relevant key words. Data was included from the Australian Bureau of Statistics (ABS) in relation to baby boomers in Australia. Article titles and abstracts were assessed by two reviewers for inclusion. Searches through ABS revealed no specific study on baby boomers at a national level; information was only available for Western Australia, South Australia and Queensland. A number of genetic and non-genetic risk factors for dementia were identified most of which remain controversial and require further study. We did not identify significant differences in the prevalence and incidence of dementia in those under 65 years in Queensland, South Australia and Western Australia. There were no correlations of risk factors and dementia between the Australian states. Modification of risk factors has not been proven to reduce the incidence and prevalence of dementia and AD in baby boomers. Nevertheless, on available evidence, we recommend: i) active management of cardiovascular risk factors such as hypertension; ii) the encouragement of a healthy lifestyle (eg, weight reduction, exercise) as offering the best pathways to reduce the emerging dementia risk for baby boomers. The implications are that activities promoting a healthy heart might lead to a healthy brain and help to prevent dementia.

  4. Dementia risk factors for Australian baby boomers

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Peter K. Panegyres

    2010-07-01

    Full Text Available Baby boomers are individuals born in the years 1946 to 1965. The objective of this paper was to define the risk factors for dementia and Alzheimer’s disease (AD and their relevance to Australian baby boomers, with the aim of providing evidence-based guidelines for dementia prevention. A series of PubMed searches (1994-2010 were conducted with relevant key words. Data was included from the Australian Bureau of Statistics (ABS in relation to baby boomers in Australia. Article titles and abstracts were assessed by two reviewers for inclusion. Searches through ABS revealed no specific study on baby boomers at a national level; information was only available for Western Australia, South Australia and Queensland. A number of genetic and non-genetic risk factors for dementia were identified most of which remain controversial and require further study. We did not identify significant differences in the prevalence and incidence of dementia in those under 65 years in Queensland, South Australia and Western Australia. There were no correlations of risk factors and dementia between the Australian states. Modification of risk factors has not been proven to reduce the incidence and prevalence of dementia and AD in baby boomers. Nevertheless, on available evidence, we recommend: i active management of cardiovascular risk factors such as hypertension; ii the encouragement of a healthy lifestyle (eg, weight reduction, exercise as offering the best pathways to reduce the emerging dementia risk for baby boomers. The implications are that activities promoting a healthy heart might lead to a healthy brain and help to prevent dementia.

  5. VTR module: weaning foods for baby.

    Science.gov (United States)

    1993-01-01

    Weaning should start when the baby turns 4 months old. At this stage (4 to 6 months), milk is no longer enough. Parents should introduce new foods which can meet the fast-increasing nutrition needs of the child. Among the latest materials produced by the Video Radio Production Division of the Nutrition Center of the Philippines is a VTR training module entitled "Karagdagang Pagkain ni Baby" (Weaning Foods for Baby), designed to strengthen this important aspect of child care. Specifically, the module seeks to encourage parents to introduce foods in addition to breastmilk to their 4 to 6 month old children and to start giving them "complete" meals from 6 months onward. It provides suggestions on the kinds of foods or food combinations to give to the baby and encourages home food production (backyard gardening, poultry-raising etc) to supply food requirements of growing children. Contents of the module include how-to's on weaning food preparation (mashing, straining, flaking, chopping, scraping, etc), prescriptions on the kinds and amounts of foods for babies; and food combinations (porridge or rice and a viand from the 3 basic food groups: energy-giving, body building and regulating). For instance, at 4 months old, the baby may be given lugao (porridge), soup and fruits; at 5 months, eggs, vegetables and beans; at 6 months, fish/meat, oil or gata (coconut oil). With a running time of 18 minutes, the module uses computer graphics to highlight food items, recommended amounts, and age group requirements in the text, and applies digital multi-effects to ensure smooth traditions. full text

  6. Faith, existence and birth of preterm babies

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Rasmussen, Christina Prinds

    The aim is to explore if becoming a mother preterm of a premature baby, actualises existential and religious issues, and to explore the impact of the considerations in their way of coping. It is thus to shed light on these issues, that can both function as a positive coping-resource and the oppos......The aim is to explore if becoming a mother preterm of a premature baby, actualises existential and religious issues, and to explore the impact of the considerations in their way of coping. It is thus to shed light on these issues, that can both function as a positive coping...

  7. THE BABY BLUES AND POSTNATAL DEPRESSION

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Suryati Suryati

    2008-03-01

    Full Text Available The Baby Bluesadalah depresi ringan yang terjadi pada ibu-ibu dalam masa beberapa jam setelah melahirkan, sampai beberapa hari setelah melahirkan, dan kemudian dia akan hilang dengan sendirinya jika diberikan pelayanan psikologis yang baik. Banyak para ibu-ibu setelah melahirkan mengalami emosi yang berlebihan dan merasa sangat sedih sekali, dan diiringi tangisan tanpa alasan yang jelas. Dalam masa ini tidak mungkin lagi kita akan melihat ibu tersenyum atau tertawa. Sebagian ibu merasa sangat khawatir, cemas, dan tegang. Masalah – masalah kecil saja jika tidak cepat diatasi pada masa hamil, atau sebelum melahirkan dapat menimbulkan Baby Blues.

  8. Expression, Functional Characterization and X-ray Analysis of HosA, A Member of MarR Family of Transcription Regulator from Uropathogenic Escherichia coli.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Roy, Ajit; Reddi, Ravikumar; Sawhney, Bhavik; Ghosh, Debasish Kumar; Addlagatta, Anthony; Ranjan, Akash

    2016-08-01

    Regulators belonging to multiple antibiotic resistance regulator (MarR) family are widespread in prokaryotes and are involved in regulation of genes that are responsible for virulence and pathogenicity in most of the clinically important pathogens. Here we report the transcriptional, biophysical, and X-ray analyses of homologue of SlyA (HosA), a member of MarR family that is predominantly present in the pathogenic strains of Enterobacteriaceae family. The initiation of hosA transcription was observed to occur at two independent start sites and subsequent binding study has revealed that the purified HosA interacts with its upstream region suggesting a probable autoregulation. The secondary structure analysis through circular dichroism spectroscopy demonstrated that HosA is predominantly composed of the alpha helix with higher thermal stability. To further understand the three-dimensional structure, HosA was crystallized and the crystals were diffracted to maximum of 2.9 Ǻ on exposure to X-rays. Analysis of the X-ray crystallographic data suggested a primitive space group (P 6 ? 2 2), with unit cell parameters a = b = 64.19 Å and c = 244.25 Å. The solvent content and Matthews coefficient were 41 % and 2.11 Å(3) Da(-1), respectively, which indicated the existence of two molecules of HosA in the asymmetric unit of crystal.

  9. Hepatitis C: Why Baby Boomers Should Get Tested

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... born from 1945–1965, sometimes referred to as baby boomers, are 5 times more likely to have hepatitis ... C were born from 1945–1965. What should baby boomers know about hepatitis C? Hepatitis C is a ...

  10. Baby Teeth Link Autism and Heavy Metals, NIH Study Suggests

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... Release Thursday, June 1, 2017 Baby teeth link autism and heavy metals, NIH study suggests Cross-section ... Sinai Health System Baby teeth from children with autism contain more toxic lead and less of the ...

  11. When Your Baby's in the NICU (Neonatal Intensive Care Unit)

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... on your little one's condition and diagnosis: Feeding tubes: Often, NICU babies cannot get as many calories as they need ... will just give the rest through the feeding tube. Sometimes, the babies get all their nutrition through the feeding tube ...

  12. Baby Boom, Asset Market Meltdown and Liquidity Trap

    OpenAIRE

    Junning Cai

    2004-01-01

    A so-called “asset market meltdown hypothesis” predicts that baby boomers’ large savings will drive asset market booms that will eventually collapse because of the boomers’ large retirement dissavings. As good news to baby boomers, our analysis shows that this meltdown hypothesis is fundamentally flawed; and baby-boom-driven asset market booms may not necessarily collapse. However, bad news is that, in the case where meltdowns are about to happen, forward-looking baby boomers’ attempts to esc...

  13. Your Baby Grows: Three to Six Months.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cooper, Grace C.

    This illustrated booklet on infant growth and development from 3 to 6 months of age is part of a self-instructional curriculum on parenting and child development for school-age mothers. Physical, motor, and social-emotional development of the infant are discussed, with emphasis on possible individual differences in babies. The emotional and social…

  14. Back to School for Retired Baby Boomers

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bumgardner, Stan

    2009-01-01

    Across the nation, schools increasingly are tapping into a vast resource pool--retired educators. The potential effects of the retirement boom--baby boomers reaching retirement age--have been well documented. An April 2009 "New York Times" article estimates that by 2013, more than one-third of the nation's 3.2 million teachers could…

  15. Completion Agenda for Baby Boomers. Commentary

    Science.gov (United States)

    Fishman, Seth

    2011-01-01

    In the article, "Completion Agenda for Baby Boomers", Moltz highlights how community colleges are currently implementing programs, such as the American Association of Community Colleges' Plus 50 Completion strategy, to encourage older learners to return to America's college campuses. The effects of the recent recession and the…

  16. Health Behaviors among Baby Boomer Informal Caregivers

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hoffman, Geoffrey J.; Lee, Jihey; Mendez-Luck, Carolyn A.

    2012-01-01

    Purpose of the Study: This study examines health-risk behaviors among "Baby Boomer" caregivers and non-caregivers. Design and Methods: Data from the 2009 California Health Interview Survey of the state's non-institutionalized population provided individual-level, caregiving, and health behavior characteristics for 5,688 informal…

  17. Babies Bottom Out--A 'Maybe Boom'

    Science.gov (United States)

    Science News, 1977

    1977-01-01

    Data for the period September 1976 through April 1977 indicate a rise in the United States birth rate; however, the rate is still below the replacement level. It is speculated that the increase is an "echo" effect to the post-World War II baby boom which peaked in 1957. (SL)

  18. Is My Baby Getting Enough Milk?

    Medline Plus

    Full Text Available ... Health Skip Navigation En Español Skip top navigation Home A-Z Health Topics Printables and Shareables Blog ... Only Natural email updates. Enter email address Submit Home > It's Only Natural > Overcoming challenges Is my baby ...

  19. Tracking Your Baby's Weight and Measurements

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... The mother’s ethnicity Fetal chromosomal abnormalities The mother’s chronic diseases such as high blood pressure, or heart or kidney disease Malnutrition The mother’s substance abuse during pregnancy A small baby may need to have his ...

  20. Me? Have Another Baby? Preconception Health

    Centers for Disease Control (CDC) Podcasts

    2012-10-01

    Preconception health means taking care of your own health now so you’ll be healthy for yourself and your future baby.  Created: 10/1/2012 by National Center on Birth Defects and Developmental Disabilities (NCBDDD).   Date Released: 10/1/2012.

  1. Me? Have a Baby? Preconception Health

    Centers for Disease Control (CDC) Podcasts

    2012-10-01

    Preconception health means taking care of your own health now so you’ll be healthy for yourself and your future baby.  Created: 10/1/2012 by National Center on Birth Defects and Developmental Disabilities (NCBDDD).   Date Released: 10/1/2012.

  2. Portrait of Promise: Preventing Shaken Baby Syndrome. [Videotape.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Junior League of St. Paul, MN.

    Shaken baby syndrome describes the serious injuries that can occur when a very young child is severely or violently shaken, causing the brain to move back and forth inside the skull. The syndrome usually originates when a parent or other caregiver shakes a baby out of anger or frustration, often because the baby would not stop crying or…

  3. Kangaroo Mother Care Management of a 750 Ggrammes Baby: A ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    This paper presents the successful management of 750 grammes low birth weight baby using kangaroo mother care in the hospital and at home. The baby had suffered a variety of morbidities associated with prematurity in the early neonatal period. Key words: Kangaroo mother care, low birth weight babies ...

  4. How to Prevent Tooth Decay in Your Baby

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... Tooth Decay in Your Baby Page Content ​ Baby teeth are important. If baby teeth are lost too early, the teeth that are ... as soon as they can see the first tooth coming in (erupting). Additional Information: Brushing Up on Oral Health: Its Never Too Early ...

  5. Implementing the Fussy Baby Network[R] Approach

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gilkerson, Linda; Hofherr, Jennifer; Heffron, Mary Claire; Sims, Jennifer Murphy; Jalowiec, Barbara; Bromberg, Stacey R.; Paul, Jennifer J.

    2012-01-01

    Erikson Institute Fussy Baby Network[R] (FBN) developed an approach to engaging parents around their urgent concerns about their baby's crying, sleeping, or feeding in a way which builds their longer-term capacities as parents. This approach, called the FAN, is now in place in new Fussy Baby Network programs around the country and is being infused…

  6. Kønsudvikling hos sønner af gartneriansatte kvinder

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Andersen, Helle Raun; Schmidt, Ida Maria; Grandjean, Philippe

    2008-01-01

      Flere pesticider er vist at være hor­mon­for­styr­rende i celle- eller dyreforsøg og epi­de­mio­lo­gi­ske undersøgelser tyder på, at tidlig eks­po­ne­ring for pesticider kan påvirke ud­vik­lingen af for­plantnings- og hor­mon­syste­met hos men­ne­sker. Formålet med denne prospektive under­søg­e...... un­der­søgelsen er tid­ligere publiceret i Environ­mental Health Perspective 2008;116:566-72. Udgivelsesdato: December...

  7. 75 FR 43107 - Revocation of Requirements for Full-Size Baby Cribs and Non-Full-Size Baby Cribs

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-23

    ... COMMISSION 16 CFR Parts 1508 and 1509 Revocation of Requirements for Full-Size Baby Cribs and Non-Full- Size Baby Cribs AGENCY: Consumer Product Safety Commission. ACTION: Proposed rule. SUMMARY: Section 104(b..., ``Standard Consumer Safety Specification for Full-Size Baby Cribs,'' and ASTM F 406-10, ``Standard Consumer...

  8. 75 FR 81788 - Revocation of Requirements for Full-Size Baby Cribs and Non-Full-Size Baby Cribs

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-12-28

    ... COMMISSION 16 CFR Parts 1508 and 1509 Revocation of Requirements for Full-Size Baby Cribs and Non-Full- Size Baby Cribs AGENCY: Consumer Product Safety Commission. ACTION: Final rule. SUMMARY: Section 104(b) of... Specification for Full-Size Baby Cribs,'' and ASTM F 406-10a, ``Standard Consumer Safety Specification for Non...

  9. Development and Validation of Written Exam Items for the Agricultural Hazardous Occupations Orders (AgHOs) Certification Training Program.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mann, A J; Field, W E; Tormoehlen, R; French, B F

    2016-04-01

    Research was conducted to develop and validate a pool of exam items that can be used to test the readiness of youth, ages 14-15 years, to be certified under the current federally mandated Agricultural Hazardous Occupations Orders (AgHOs). The AgHOs require training prior to employment in agricultural workplaces that the Secretary of Labor has determined are especially hazardous for youth within the prescribed age range. Under the current provisions of the AgHOs certification process, non-exempt youth seeking employment in agriculture are required to pass a written exam concentrating on safe work practices as partial satisfaction to receive certification of eligibility for employment to perform certain tasks. However, the regulations provide little guidance concerning the format of the exam, subject matter to be covered, degree of difficulty, or minimum passing score. As part of the USDA-sponsored Hazardous Occupations Safety Training in Agriculture (HOSTA) initiative, efforts have been made to develop consistent and evidence-based testing methods for disseminating the test protocols to instructors. The goal was to expand, enhance, and maintain the reliability of the exam item pool for the AgHOs certification process. Item development was based on the HOSTA-supported Gearing Up for Safety: Production Agriculture Safety Training for Youth curriculum. To ensure adequate item availability, the current item pool was expanded to include a minimum of two test items for each of the 157 cognitive-based core competencies developed as part of the Gearing Up curriculum design process. Administering 70-item exams that were generated from the item pool to 568 youth, ages 13-18 years, provided evidence of item validity. The result was a pool of 367 validated exam items.

  10. Stabile isotoper indikerer intra- og interspecifik variation i diæten hos tropiske ålelarver

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Grønkjær, P.; Christensen, Jens Tang; Munk, Peter

    2011-01-01

    Fødeøkologien hos ålens karakteristiske larvestadium, leptocephalen, er trods mange års studier stadig dårligt beskrevet. Én af grundene til dette er at der sjældent observeres identificerbare fødeobjekter i tarmen på disse larver. Nye molekylære teknikker har vist at dette muligvis skyldes, at g...

  11. On the Detectability of the X 2A" HSS, HSO, and HOS Radicals in the Interstellar Medium

    Science.gov (United States)

    Fortenberry, Ryan C.; Francisco, Joseph S.

    2017-02-01

    {\\tilde{X}}2A\\prime\\prime HSS has yet to be observed in the gas phase in the interstellar medium (ISM). HSS has been observed in cometary material and in high abundance. However, its agglomeration to such bodies or dispersal from them has not been observed. Similarly, HSO and HOS have not been observed in the ISM, either, even though models support their formation from reactions of known sulfur monoxide and hydrogen molecules, among other pathways. Consequently, this work provides high-level, quantum chemical rovibrational spectroscopic constants and vibrational frequencies in order to assist in interstellar searches for these radical molecules. Furthermore, the HSO-HOS isomerization energy is determined to be 3.63 kcal mol-1, in line with previous work, and the dipole moment of HOS is 36% larger at 3.87 D than HSO, making the less stable isomer more rotationally intense. Finally, the S-S bond strength in HSS is shown to be relatively weak at 30% of the typical disulfide bond energy. Consequently, HSS may degrade into SH and sulfur atoms, making any ISM abundance of HSS likely fairly low, as recent interstellar surveys have observed.

  12. Passive smoking in babies: The BIBE study (Brief Intervention in babies. Effectiveness

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Cabezas Carmen

    2010-12-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background There is evidence that exposure to passive smoking in general, and in babies in particular, is an important cause of morbimortality. Passive smoking is related to an increased risk of pediatric diseases such as sudden death syndrome, acute respiratory diseases, worsening of asthma, acute-chronic middle ear disease and slowing of lung growth. The objective of this article is to describe the BIBE study protocol. The BIBE study aims to determine the effectiveness of a brief intervention within the context of Primary Care, directed to mothers and fathers that smoke, in order to reduce the exposure of babies to passive smoking (ETS. Methods/Design Cluster randomized field trial (control and intervention group, multicentric and open. Subject: Fathers and/or mothers who are smokers and their babies (under 18 months that attend pediatric services in Primary Care in Catalonia. The measurements will be taken at three points in time, in each of the fathers and/or mothers who respond to a questionnaire regarding their baby's clinical background and characteristics of the baby's exposure, together with variables related to the parents' tobacco consumption. A hair sample of the baby will be taken at the beginning of the study and at six months after the initial visit (biological determination of nicotine. The intervention group will apply a brief intervention in passive smoking after specific training and the control group will apply the habitual care. Discussion Exposure to ETS is an avoidable factor related to infant morbimortality. Interventions to reduce exposure to ETS in babies are potentially beneficial for their health. The BIBE study evaluates an intervention to reduce exposure to ETS that takes advantage of pediatric visits. Interventions in the form of advice, conducted by pediatric professionals, are an excellent opportunity for prevention and protection of infants against the harmful effects of ETS. Trial Registration Clinical

  13. Shaken baby syndrome: assessment, intervention, & prevention.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gutierrez, Farley L; Clements, Paul T; Averill, Jennifer

    2004-12-01

    Child abuse and neglect continue to be parts of a disturbing reality in both the United States and the world. Despite significant advances in the identification and treatment of child abuse, health care professionals are still attempting to grasp the extent of the physiological and psychological effects of child maltreatment and injury. Child abuse, in all of its forms, is preventable, and more must be done to decrease its incidence. Shaken baby syndrome is one of the most deadly and devastating forms of child abuse and is characterized by a traumatic brain injury caused by the violent shaking of an infant. Recognition of high-risk families, combined with education of parents and other caregivers are key to prevention of shaken baby syndrome.

  14. The physical manifestations of shaken baby syndrome.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mraz, Megan A

    2009-01-01

    Shaken baby syndrome (SBS) is a great concern for forensic nurses. Accurate diagnosis and treatment is essential. The purpose of this report is to review the history of SBS, as well as the physical symptoms of a patient suspected of suffering from this form of abuse. Implications of SBS for the forensic nurse will be presented; this will include the education of families and caregivers and methods of prevention.

  15. The Baby Blues And Postnatal Depression

    OpenAIRE

    Suryati Suryati

    2008-01-01

    The Baby Bluesadalah depresi ringan yang terjadi pada ibu-ibu dalam masa beberapa jam setelah melahirkan, sampai beberapa hari setelah melahirkan, dan kemudian dia akan hilang dengan sendirinya jika diberikan pelayanan psikologis yang baik. Banyak para ibu-ibu setelah melahirkan mengalami emosi yang berlebihan dan merasa sangat sedih sekali, dan diiringi tangisan tanpa alasan yang jelas. Dalam masa ini tidak mungkin lagi kita akan melihat ibu tersenyum atau tertawa. Sebagian ibu merasa sangat...

  16. Community Colleges Offer Baby Boomers an Encore

    Science.gov (United States)

    Emeagwali, N. Susan

    2007-01-01

    A 2005 MetLife Foundation/Civic Ventures New Face of Work Survey found that many baby boomers are eager to make career changes that can launch a new chapter in their working lives while they make social contribution. The survey found that 50 percent of Americans age 50 to 70 want jobs that contribute to the greater good. It found that more than 53…

  17. Time use in Russian Baby Homes.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Tirella, L G; Chan, W; Cermak, S A; Litvinova, A; Salas, K C; Miller, L C

    2008-01-01

    We investigated time use of Russian children residing in Baby Homes to document their opportunities and experiences during institutional care. Time use of 138 non-special needs, randomly selected children (65 female vs. 73 male, age 1 month to 4 years) in Baby Homes in Murmansk, Russia, was analysed. Baby Home specialists were trained in time-use spot observation methodology. Each child was observed every 10 min for 5 h (31 observations/child; >4000 data points). At each observation, we coded: who the child was with, adult role, what the child was doing, location and vocalizations. Children spent 50% of their time alone, 27% with a caregiver, 15% with another adult, and 7% with another child. Infants spent significantly more time alone (65%) than toddlers (43%) or pre-schoolers (46%) [F(2,133) = 13.05, P children (58%), led group activities (16%), cared for individuals (14%), or were absent from the room (12%). Children spent the most time (32%) in activities of daily living; remaining time was spent in meaningful play (27%), non-purposeful activity (16%) or sleep (18%). The percentage of time spent in meaningful play significantly increased across age groups [infants 10%, toddlers 25%, pre-schoolers 36%, F(2,133) = 26.9, P speaking to the child, in 10% to the group, and children directed more vocalizations to adults than younger children [F(2,133) = 24.47, P children residing in Baby Homes is limited by routinized schedules and care, at the expense of child-directed or interactive play with adults. Despite close proximity and living in group care, children's vocalizations and interactions with others are limited.

  18. Constipation in babies: Nutritional and behavioral aspects

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    A. A. Tyazheva

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available Constipation in children remains one of the topical problems of pediatrics and pediatric gastroenterology. Functional constipation accounts for about 95% of its cases. The article deals with the main causes of constipation in babies. An algorithm for the management of an infant with functional constipation involves correction of infant feeding in addition to medical treatment. Dietary fiber deficiency in infants may cause constipation. That is why functional foods should be used for infant feeding.

  19. MODEL SEIR UNTUK EPIDEMI FLU BABI PADA POPULASI BABI DENGAN LAJU KONTAK JENUH

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    M Kharis

    2012-09-01

    Full Text Available Babi merupakan inang alami dari virus influensa yang secara anatomis, fisiologis, dan imunitas mirip (similar dengan yang ada pada manusia. Virus influenza subtipe A yang ada pada manusia yaitu H1N1, H3N2 dan H1N2 merupakan enzootic pada populasi babi di dunia. babi dapat terinfeksi oleh turunan-turunan virus influenza tipe A dari manusia maupun dari burung dan dalam hal ini dianggap sebagai inang sementara (Intermediate hosts dari turunan-turunan virus flu babi yang berpotensi menyebabkan epidemi bahkan pandemi. Evolusi antigenik dari virus influenza pada babi terjadi dengan laju sekitar 6 kali lebih lambat dibandingkan dengan virus influenza pada manusia. Dalam tulisan ini akan dikaji model matematika untuk epidemi flu babi pada populasi babi. Model yang diberikan merupakan model deterministik dengan laju kontak jenuh yang merupakan perumuman dari laju kontak standar. Perumuman ini dinyatakan dengan adanya probabilitas suatu individu melakukan kontak yang dinyatakan sebagai suatu fungsi dari populasi. Pengkajian yang dilakukan meliputi penentuan titik ekuilibrium model matematika dan analisa kestabilannya. Diharapkan hasil kajian ini dapat bermanfaat dalam penanggulangan wabah flu babi pada sumber utama yaitu populasi babi sehingga dapat dilakukan pencegahan sebelum mewabah di populasi manusia. Pigs are a natural host of influenza virus that are similar anatomically, physiologically, and immunity which in humans. Influenza viruses of A subtype in humans are H1N1, H3N2 and H1N2. They are enzootic in the swine population in the world. Pigs can be infected by strains of type A influenza viruses from humans or from birds. Pigs are considered as a temporary host (intermediate hosts of the derivatives of the swine flu virus that has the potential to cause epidemics and even pandemics. Antigenic evolution of influenza viruses in pigs occurred at rate about 6 times slower than the influenza viruses in humans. In this paper the mathematical model

  20. Shaken baby syndrome: identification, intervention, and prevention.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wyszynski, M E

    1999-09-01

    More than 1 million children are severely abused annually. Shaken baby syndrome (SBS), one example of physical abuse, is a leading cause of morbidity and mortality in infants. There is a national annual incidence in the United States of 750 to 3,750 cases of SBS. Shaken baby syndrome is defined as vigorous manual shaking of an infant who is being held by the extremities or shoulders, leading to whiplash-induced intracranial and intraocular bleeding with no external signs of head trauma. Shaken baby syndrome should be suspected in infants with a wide spectrum of clinical signs and symptoms. The classic findings of SBS are retinal hemorrhages, usually bilateral, and intracranial injury. One third of the victims of SBS survive with few or no sequelae, one third suffer permanent injury, and one third die. Parental behaviors, environmental factors, and child characteristics all may contribute to a shaking event. The nurse practitioner, in a wide variety of clinical settings, is in a strategic position for the early identification and intervention for families at risk for SBS. Prevention through parent, caregiver, and community-wide education programs is the only option for infants who are at risk for SBS.

  1. The dynamics of aloof baby Skyrmions

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Salmi, Petja; Sutcliffe, Paul [Department of Mathematical Sciences, Durham University,Durham DH1 3LE (United Kingdom)

    2016-01-25

    The aloof baby Skyrme model is a (2+1)-dimensional theory with solitons that are lightly bound. It is a low-dimensional analogue of a similar Skyrme model in (3+1)-dimensions, where the lightly bound solitons have binding energies comparable to nuclei. A previous study of static solitons in the aloof baby Skyrme model revealed that multi-soliton bound states have a cluster structure, with constituents that preserve their individual identities due to the short-range repulsion and long-range attraction between solitons. Furthermore, there are many different local energy minima that are all well-described by a simple binary species particle model. In this paper we present the first results on soliton dynamics in the aloof baby Skyrme model. Numerical field theory simulations reveal that the lightly bound cluster structure results in a variety of exotic soliton scattering events that are novel in comparison to standard Skyrmion scattering. A dynamical version of the binary species point particle model is shown to provide a good qualitative description of the dynamics.

  2. Risk factors for neonatal jaundice in babies presenting at the

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Prof Ezechukwu

    2012-03-13

    Mar 13, 2012 ... older age (6.08 ± 5.19 days) than in. -born babies (2.47 ± 2.48 days). The mean serum bilirubin value in out-born babies (14.00 ± 4.58 mg/. dL) was significantly higher than that observed among the in-born babies (9.35 ± 4.38 mg/dL: p = 0.000). The risk factors identified were use of mentholatum, naphtha-.

  3. Birthing Healthy Babies (A Cup of Health with CDC)

    Centers for Disease Control (CDC) Podcasts

    2018-01-11

    Every four and a half minutes a baby is born with a birth defect in the United States. That means nearly 120,000 babies, or about three percent of all babies born each year. In this podcast, Dr. Suzanne Gilboa discusses ways to prevent birth defects.  Created: 1/11/2018 by MMWR.   Date Released: 1/11/2018.

  4. Sleep cycle studies in babies of undernourished mothers.

    OpenAIRE

    Bhatia, V P; Katiyar, G. P.; Agarwal, K. N.; Das,T. K.; Dey, P K

    1980-01-01

    Polygraphic sleep cycle studies--comprising simultaneous recording of electroencephalogram (EEG), electrocardiogram (ECG), electro-oculogram (ECOG), phasic body activity and respiration--were performed on 19 term newborn babies born to severely undernourished mothers, and results compared with 19 healthy newborn babies. The sleep cycle in babies of undernourished mothers showed disorganisation during active rapid eye movement (REM) sleep and quiet nonrapid eye movement (NREM) sleep. The sleep...

  5. Detection of Disturbances in Voltage Signals for Power Quality Analysis Using HOS

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    José Luiz R. Pereira

    2007-01-01

    Full Text Available This paper outlines a higher-order statistics (HOS-based technique for detecting abnormal conditions in voltage signals. The main advantage introduced by the proposed technique refers to its capability to detect voltage disturbances and their start and end points in a frame whose length corresponds to, at least, N=16 samples or 1/16 of the fundamental component if a sampling rate equal to fs=256×60 Hz is considered. This feature allows the detection of disturbances in submultiples or multiples of one-cycle fundamental component if an appropriate sampling rate is considered. From the computational results, one can note that almost all abnormal and normal conditions are correctly detected if N= s256, 128, 64, 32, and 16 and the SNR is higher than 25 dB. In addition, the proposed technique is compared to a root mean square (rms-based technique, which was recently developed to detect the presence of some voltage events as well as their sources in a frame whose length ranges from 1/8 up to one-cycle fundamental component. The numerical results reveal that the proposed technique shows an improved performance when applied not only to synthetic data, but also to real one.

  6. Detection of Disturbances in Voltage Signals for Power Quality Analysis Using HOS

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Pereira José Luiz R

    2007-01-01

    Full Text Available This paper outlines a higher-order statistics (HOS-based technique for detecting abnormal conditions in voltage signals. The main advantage introduced by the proposed technique refers to its capability to detect voltage disturbances and their start and end points in a frame whose length corresponds to, at least, samples or of the fundamental component if a sampling rate equal to Hz is considered. This feature allows the detection of disturbances in submultiples or multiples of one-cycle fundamental component if an appropriate sampling rate is considered. From the computational results, one can note that almost all abnormal and normal conditions are correctly detected if s256, 128, 64, 32, and 16 and the SNR is higher than 25 dB. In addition, the proposed technique is compared to a root mean square (rms-based technique, which was recently developed to detect the presence of some voltage events as well as their sources in a frame whose length ranges from up to one-cycle fundamental component. The numerical results reveal that the proposed technique shows an improved performance when applied not only to synthetic data, but also to real one.

  7. Baby falcon rescued on CERN site

    CERN Multimedia

    Harriet Jarlett

    2016-01-01

    This baby falcon was found on Tuesday, 7 June near a car parked in the Building 40 carpark.   Connie Potter, who first saw the bird, contacted CRR (Centre de Réadaptation des Rapaces) at Bardonnex. Following their advice Connie and Chris Thomas managed to pick it up and get it into a box, and waited with the bird at the main gate for the CRR to collect it. The chick will be fed and trained to fly at the Centre in a tunnel, and ultimately released into the wild, probably near CERN. The bird, who has been tagged with ID number 2054, weighed 119 grams.

  8. Recognition and management of Shaken Baby Syndrome

    LENUS (Irish Health Repository)

    Nicholson, Alf

    2016-04-01

    Abusive head trauma (previously referred to as Shaken Baby Syndrome) consists of a triad of findings which included subdural haemorrhage, retinal haemorrhages and encephalopathy after receiving a shake injury or blunt trauma to the head. Debate rages regarding the exact mechanism. Previously published reports on abusive head trauma (AHT) highlight the young age of the victims (median 4 months of age), the significant preponderance of male infants (3:1 in most series), the high rate of probable male perpetrators (just over 50%), and relatively high rates of mortality and morbidity

  9. Million Dollar Baby (2004 and Palliative Care

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    José Elías García Sánchez

    2008-10-01

    Full Text Available The worst misfortune that can befall an old, tormented and fearful boxing trainer is that the pupil he is training and of whom he is very fond should have a lesion as serious as a quadriplegia. This is the crux of the plot in Million Dollar Baby. A person who suffers a quadriplegia sees how most of her physical and sensorial abilities disappear and habitually suffers psychological disturbances requiring palliative medical care. Relatives are subjected to great stress and suffering. All these aspects are reflected, in general accurately, in the film.

  10. Baby Culture and the Curriculum of Consumption: A Critical Reading of the Film "Babies"

    Science.gov (United States)

    Maudlin, Julie G.; Sandlin, Jennifer A.; Thaller, Jonel

    2012-01-01

    We focus on the recently emerging "baby culture" that is fostering a curriculum of consumption and consumerism among parents-to-be and infants aged zero-to-three. To gain insight into how the cultural artifacts, practices, and trends emerging from this demographic are shaping the way we think and act in a consumer culture, we investigate…

  11. Manual Activity and Onset of First Words in Babies Exposed and Not Exposed to Baby Signing

    Science.gov (United States)

    Seal, Brenda C.; DePaolis, Rory A.

    2014-01-01

    Support for baby signing (BS) with hearing infants tends to converge toward three camps or positions. Those who advocate BS to advance infant language, literacy, behavioral, and cognitive development rely heavily on anecdotal evidence and social media to support their claims. Those who advocate BS as an introduction to another language, such as…

  12. Gir tidlig vurdering og behandling hos spesialist i fysikalsk medisin og rehabilitering reduksjon i langtidsfravær hos sykmeldte med muskel- og skjelettsykdommer?

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Harald Elvsåshagen

    2010-01-01

    Full Text Available Bakgrunn: De fleste langtidssykmeldte med muskel- og skjelettsykdommer blir utredet, behandlet og fulgt opp av fastlege. Ved lengre tids sykmelding henvises mange fra sin fastlege til spesialist i fysikalsk medisin og rehabilitering for å optimalisere behandlingsopplegget.Formålet med denne studien var å undersøke om henvisning direkte fra NAV til spesialist uten å gå veien om fastlege, medførte redusert antall sykmeldingsdager og mindre bruk av andre trygdeytelser som rehabiliteringspenger, yrkesrettet attføring og uførepensjon.Materiale og metode: I samarbeid med 14 NAV-kontor i Vestfold ble 829 sykmeldte i alder 25-50 år med 8-12 ukers sykmelding for muskel- og skjelettsykdommer randomisert til en intervensjonsgruppe (n=409 og en kontrollgruppe (n=420. Eksklusjonskriterier var manglende arbeidsforhold, revmatiske sykdommer, brudd og leddsykdommer. Intervensjonsgruppen ble undersøkt og behandlet av spesialist i fysikalsk medisin og rehabilitering, Spesialsykehuset for rehabilitering, avd. Stavern. Kontrollgruppen fortsatte behandling hos sin fastlege. Noen av disse pasientene ble henvist til samme poliklinikk eller til annen spesialist på initiativ fra sin fastlege. Data for sykmeldingsdager, uførepensjon, rehabiliteringspenger og attføringspenger ble samlet inn fra NAV-kontorene. De samme parametre ble brukt som endepunkter. Etter to år ble endepunktene analysert. Data ble analysert etter "intention to treat"- prinsippet.Resultater: I intervensjonsgruppen var gjennomsnittlig antall sykmeldingsdager 138 dager (SD 86,2 mot 147 dager (SD 88,0 i kontrollgruppen, en forskjell på ni sykmeldingsdager. Forskjellen er ikke statistisk signifikant (p=0,163. Det var heller ikke statistisk signifikant forskjell i forbruket av yrkesrettet attføring og rehabiliteringspenger mellom intervensjonsgruppen og behandlingsgruppen.Konklusjon: Henvisning til spesialist i fysikalsk medisin og rehabilitering direkte fra NAV etter 8-12 ukers sykmelding

  13. Massage Changes Babies' Body, Brain and Behavior

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ishikawa, Chihiro; Shiga, Takashi

    Tactile stimulation is an important factor in mother-infant interactions. Many studies on both human and animals have shown that tactile stimulation during the neonatal period has various beneficial effects in the subsequent growth of the body and brain. In particular, massage is often applied to preterm human babies as “touch care”, because tactile stimulation together with kinesthetic stimulation increases body weight, which is accompanied by behavioral development and the changes of endocrine and neural conditions. Among them, the elevation of insulin-like growth factor-1, catecholamine, and vagus nerve activity may underlie the body weight gain. Apart from the body weight gain, tactile stimulation has various effects on the nervous system and endocrine system. For example, it has been reported that tactile stimulation on human and animal babies activates parasympathetic nervous systems, while suppresses the hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenalcortical (HPA) axis, which may be related to the reduction of emotionality, anxiety-like behavior, and pain sensitivity. In addition, animal experiments have shown that tactile stimulation improves learning and memory. Facilitation of the neuronal activity and the morphological changes including the hippocampal synapse may underlie the improvement of the learning and memory. In conclusion, it has been strongly suggested that tactile stimulation in early life has beneficial effects on body, brain structure and function, which are maintained throughout life.

  14. COMMERCIAL BABY PORRIDGES IN NUTRITION OF INFANTS

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    I. N. Zakharova

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available The article covers the issue of the most important product among additional food for infants — baby porridges. It includes historical data on usage of various cereal crops in human nutrition. A special significance of porridges in culture of food and traditions of Russian population is highlighted. The authors give information about nutritional value and chemical composition of different cereals — buckwheat, rice, pearl-barley, millet, oats etc. A special attention is given to differences in concentrations of nutrients and micronutrients manufactured by different ways from the same kind of cereal. The necessity to feed infants with commercial baby porridges is based in the article. There are also represented characteristics of various commercial porridges for nutrition of infants: hypoallergenic, glutenfree and containing gluten, enriched with pre- and probiotics. The article also contains data on nutritional value of milk and milk-free porridges. The authors raised a discussion on possibility and standards of usage of different additional components, such as sugar, maltodextrin, honey, vanillin, vegetable oils in production of infant porridges. The selection of certain type of porridges as additional food for healthy and infants with different diseases and digestive disorders is based.

  15. Safety evaluation of superabsorbent baby diapers.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kosemund, Kirstin; Schlatter, Harald; Ochsenhirt, Jennifer L; Krause, Edburga L; Marsman, Daniel S; Erasala, Geetha N

    2009-03-01

    Superabsorbent disposable baby diapers are sophisticated, well-engineered products that provide many benefits including convenience, comfort, exceptional leakage protection, improved hygiene and skin care benefits compared with cloth diapers. Safety assurance is an integral part of the diaper development process at Procter & Gamble, with the goal of ensuring safety for both caregivers and babies. A systematic, stepwise approach to safety assessment starts with a thorough evaluation of new design features and materials, using the principles of general risk assessment including, as appropriate, controlled trials to assess clinical endpoints or independent scientific review of safety data. The majority of the diaper materials are polymers that are safe and do not have inherent toxicity issues. Trace amounts of non-polymeric materials, such as colorants, are assessed based on their skin contact potential. New materials or design features are introduced in marketed products only if they have been shown to be safe under the conditions of recommended or foreseeable use. The product safety continues to be confirmed after launch by means of in-market monitoring. This article provides a broad overview of human safety exposure-based risk assessment used at Procter & Gamble for absorbent hygiene products.

  16. Effectiveness of tooth wipes in removing babies' dental biofilm.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Abanto, Jenny; Rezende, Karla Mayra; Carvalho, Thiago Saads; Correa, Fernanda Nahas; Vilela, Tamara; Bönecker, Marcelo; Salete, Maria; Correa, Nahas Pires

    2012-01-01

    To assess the effectiveness of tooth wipes in removing dental biofilm from babies' anterior teeth, as well as to evaluate the babies' behaviour and the guardians' preference concerning hygiene methods. In this random blind cross-over study, 50 high caries risk babies, from 8 to 15 months old, were divided into two groups: babies with oral hygiene performed by caregivers (n = 25) or by their mothers (n = 25). The caregivers and mothers removed biofilm using three methods of oral hygiene (tooth wipes, toothbrushes and gauze), one in each experimental phase. Professional cleaning was done before each phase, which had 2 days of biofilm accumulation and 1 experimental day, when caregivers and mothers used one method to remove biofilm. Examiners blinded to the study design assessed the biofilm index at baseline, prior to and following biofilm removal using each method. The babies' behaviour and the mothers'/caregivers' preference were assessed. The tooth wipes, toothbrushes and gauze significantly reduced the amount of biofilm (P < 0.001). The mothers' group removed more biofilm than the caregivers' group, using toothbrushes or tooth wipes (P < 0.05). Babies in the mothers' group had better behaviour using tooth wipes than toothbrushes (P < 0.05). Mothers and caregivers preferred to use tooth wipes. Tooth wipes are effective in removing biofilm from babies' anterior teeth and are the method best accepted by mothers, caregivers and babies.

  17. The Effects of Baby Sign Training on Child Development

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mueller, Vannesa; Sepulveda, Amanda; Rodriguez, Sarai

    2014-01-01

    Although Baby Sign is gaining in popularity, there is a scarcity of research supporting its use. The research that has been conducted is conflicting. In the current study, nine families with children ranging in age from six months to two years and five months participated in a baby sign workshop. A pre--post-test design was used to assess the…

  18. Baby Boomers and Community College: A Study of Motivations

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cunningham, DiAnne H.

    2009-01-01

    Scope and method of study. This descriptive case study was designed to describe the critical issues surrounding Baby Boomers and their motivations to attend community college, in addition to their perceptions of learning and curriculum needs. Additionally the study explored what these Baby Boomers plan to do after completing their courses and…

  19. Baby Boom Caregivers: Care in the Age of Individualization

    Science.gov (United States)

    Guberman, Nancy; Lavoie, Jean-Pierre; Blein, Laure; Olazabal, Ignace

    2012-01-01

    Purpose: Many Baby Boomers are faced with the care of aging parents, as well as that of disabled or ill spouses or children. This study examines how Baby Boomers in Quebec, Canada, perceive and play their role as caregivers and how this might differ from their parents' generation. Design and methods: This was a qualitative and empirical study…

  20. Motivations of Baby Boomer Doctoral Learners: A Grounded Theory Study

    Science.gov (United States)

    Williams, Julia J.

    2009-01-01

    The aim of this study was to develop a substantive theory of the motivations of Baby Boomer doctoral learners, using the grounded theory approach. These Baby Boomers possess a wealth of wisdom. Their experiences, coupled with educational credentials, could take their leadership abilities to the next level. The grounded theory method developed by…

  1. Risk factors for neonatal jaundice in babies presenting at the ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Case notes of babies admitted from January 2006 to December 2008 were retrieved and information on biodata, gestational age, anthropometric values, potential risk factors, level of serum bilirubin at presentation and discharge, mode of treatment and outcome were extracted. Results: Of the 1784 babies admitted during ...

  2. The Ububele Baby Mat Service – A primary preventative mental ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    The Ububele Baby Mat Service is a community-based, parent–infant mental health intervention offered at five primary health care clinics in Alexandra Township, in Johannesburg. The aim of the intervention is to promote healthy caregiver-infant attachments. There has been a steady increase in the number of mother-baby ...

  3. Effective sampling of random surfaces by baby universe surgery

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Ambjørn, J.; Białas, P.; Jurkiewicz, J.; Burda, Z.; Petersson, B.

    1994-01-01

    We propose a new, very efficient algorithm for sampling of random surfaces in the Monte Carlo simulations, based on so-called baby universe surgery, i.e. cutting and pasting of baby universe. It drastically reduces slowing down as compared to the standard local flip algorithm, thereby allowing

  4. Pedagogy with Babies: Perspectives of Eight Nursery Managers

    Science.gov (United States)

    Elfer, Peter; Page, Jools

    2015-01-01

    The last 30 years have seen a significant increase in babies attending nursery, with corresponding questions about the aims and organisation of practice. Research broadly agrees on the importance of emotionally consistent, sensitive and responsive interactions between staff and babies. Policy objectives for nursery and expectations of parents and…

  5. Zuigelingen met een scheef hoofd [Babies with cranial deformity

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Feijen, M.M.; Claessens, E.A.; Dovens, A.J.; Vles, J.S.; van der Hulst, R.R.

    2009-01-01

    Plagiocephaly was diagnosed in a baby aged 4 months and brachycephaly in a baby aged 5 months. Positional or deformational plagio- or brachycephaly is characterized by changes in shape and symmetry of the cranial vault. Treatment options are conservative and may include physiotherapy and helmet

  6. Infants' Attention to Synthesised Baby Music and Original Acoustic Music

    Science.gov (United States)

    Merkow, Carla H.; Costa-Giomi, Eugenia

    2014-01-01

    The distinct music genre known as baby music is based on the premise that infants benefit from music "re-orchestrated for their little ears" ("Baby Einstein Takealong Tunes". (2012). Retrieved December 11, 2012, from http://www.babyeinstein.com/en/products/product_explorer/theme/music/62350/Takealong_Tunes.html). We completed a…

  7. Babies' Self-Regulation: Taking a Broad Perspective

    Science.gov (United States)

    Elliot, Enid; Gonzalez-Mena, Janet

    2011-01-01

    Self-regulation is a complex process that involves coordinating various systems of the body and mind, including feelings. It's not only about emotions but also about cognition. Self-regulation has an impact on social development, influencing how babies and toddlers get along with others. Through self-regulation, babies and toddlers learn to pay…

  8. Prevalence and outcome of macrosomic babies admitted to special ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Objective: Macrosomia has been defined as birth weight of 4.0kilogram and above. It is an important risk factor for perinatal asphyxia, birth injuries and fetal death. To determine the prevalence and outcome of management of macrosomic babies admitted to the Special Care Baby Unit (SCBU) of Usmanu Danfodiyo ...

  9. Normal anterior fontanelle sizes in newborn Igbo babies in south ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Objectives. To assess AF sizes in normal newborn Igbo babies in south-eastern Nigeria, establish baseline values for our population, and evaluate the relationship of our findings to some factors reported to affect AF size. Methods. AF size was measured in 269 healthy term newborn babies using the method proposed by ...

  10. Prevalence of congenital malaria among newborn babies at ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Congenital malaria is increasingly reported among babies born to mothers residing in malaria endemic areas despite the fact that maternal antibodies block malaria parasites from crossing the placenta into the foetus. The aim of this study was to determine the prevalence of congenital malaria among newborn babies ...

  11. [Baby blues: characterization and influence of psycho-social factors].

    Science.gov (United States)

    M'baïlara, K; Swendsen, J; Glatigny-Dallay, E; Dallay, D; Roux, D; Sutter, A L; Demotes-Mainard, J; Henry, C

    2005-01-01

    Within days following birth, most women are showing signs of mood changes, commonly named baby blues. Due to the frequency of this condition, baby blues is considered as a physiological state probably associated to biological modifications. Some studies have shown an existing link between the intensity of the baby blues and post-partum mood disorder. Therefore, it seems important to report and explore in more details the clinical background related the condition. The aim of this study was to demonstrate the possibility of a link between the intensity of the baby blues and some specific factors like maternal self-esteem, maternal childcare stress and social background, and also to define the symptoms of the baby blues from core dimensions in mood disorders. Mothers were recruited few hours before giving birth in a teaching hospital. At the third day following birth, an appointment was made to obtain the necessary information (past medical history and social history) and history of previous mood disorders. The mood was evaluated from the scale of the intensity of baby blues from Kennerly and Gath (1989). Moreover, evaluations at day 3 and week 6 post birth of self-esteem in relation to motherhood (Maternal self-report Inventory from Shea and Tronick, 1988), stress in relation with the care of the baby (Childcare Stress Inventory from Cutrona, 1983) and the social support (Social Support scale from Bruchon-Schweitzer, 1998) were undertaken. 95 women were included in the final sample. The intensity of the baby blues was explained by the type of pregnancy (p=0.002), a low maternal self-esteem (p=0.025), high levels of stress in relation to the care of the baby (p=0.074). The basic clinical characteristic of the baby blues seems to be due to an increase in the emotional reaction with a sharp feelings, leading to a lability rather than an affect sad tonality. The baby blues seems to be a physiological process whereby the intensity is influenced by psychological factors

  12. [Attachment theory and baby slings/carriers: technological network formation].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lu, Zxy-Yann Jane; Lin, Wan-Shiuan

    2011-12-01

    Healthcare providers recognize the important role played by attachment theory in explaining the close relationship between mental health and social behavior in mothers and their children. This paper uses attachment theory in a socio-cultural context to ascertain the mechanism by which baby slings/carriers, a new technology, produced and reproduced the scientific motherhood. It further applies a social history of technology perspective to understand how baby carriers and attachment theory are socially constructed and historically contingent on three major transformations. These transformations include the use of attachment theory-based baby carriers to further scientific motherhood; the use of baby slings/carriers to further the medicalization of breastfeeding and enhance mother-infant attachment; and the use of baby slings/carriers to transform woman's identities by integrating scientific motherhood, independence and fashion. Implications for nursing clinical policy are suggested.

  13. Rice root curling, a response to mechanosensing, is modulated by the rice E3-ubiquitin ligase HIGH EXPRESSION OF OSMOTICALLY RESPONSIVE GENE1 (OsHOS1).

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lourenço, T F; Serra, T S; Cordeiro, A M; Swanson, S J; Gilroy, S; Saibo, N J M; Oliveira, M M

    2016-08-02

    Plant development depends on the perception of external cues, such as light, gravity, touch, wind or nutrients, among others. Nevertheless, little is known regarding signal transduction pathways integrating these stimuli. Recently, we have reported the involvement of a rice E3-ubiquitin ligase (OsHOS1, HIGH EXPRESSION OF OSMOTICALLY RESPONSIVE GENE1), previously associated with abiotic stress response, in root responses to mechanical stimuli. We showed that OsHOS1 is involved in the regulation of root curling after mechanosensing and that RNAi::OsHOS1 plants failed to exhibit the root curling phenotype observed in WT. Interestingly, the straight root phenotype of these transgenics correlated with the up-regulation of rice ROOT MEANDER CURLING (OsRMC, a negative regulator of rice root curling) and was reverted by the exogenous application of jasmonic acid. Altogether, our results highlight the role of the proteasome modulating plant responses to mechanical stimuli and suggest that OsHOS1 is a hub integrating environmental and hormonal signaling into plant growth and development.

  14. Boltzmann babies in the proper time measure

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Bousso, Raphael; Bousso, Raphael; Freivogel, Ben; Yang, I-Sheng

    2007-12-20

    After commenting briefly on the role of the typicality assumption in science, we advocate a phenomenological approach to the cosmological measure problem. Like any other theory, a measure should be simple, general, well defined, and consistent with observation. This allows us to proceed by elimination. As an example, we consider the proper time cutoff on a geodesic congruence. It predicts that typical observers are quantum fluctuations in the early universe, or Boltzmann babies. We sharpen this well-known youngness problem by taking into account the expansion and open spatial geometry of pocket universes. Moreover, we relate the youngness problem directly to the probability distribution for observables, such as the temperature of the cosmic background radiation. We consider a number of modifications of the proper time measure, but find none that would make it compatible with observation.

  15. Infertility trial outcomes: healthy moms and babies.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Silver, Robert

    2014-05-01

    Traditionally, the primary outcome of infertility trials has been a positive pregnancy test or a clinically recognized pregnancy. However, parents desire a healthy baby that grows up to be a healthy adult, rather than a positive pregnancy test. Too often results of infertility trials are lacking in crucial obstetric details. This is problematic because treatments for infertility have the capacity to increase the risk for a variety of adverse obstetric outcomes. This review will outline important obstetric variables that should be included when reporting infertility research. The rationale for including these data, precise definitions of the variables, and cost-effective strategies for obtaining these obstetric details will be highlighted. Copyright © 2014 American Society for Reproductive Medicine. Published by Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

  16. Baby Skyrmions in AdS

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Elliot-Ripley, Matthew; Winyard, Thomas [Department of Mathematical Sciences, Durham University,South Rd, Durham (United Kingdom)

    2015-09-01

    We study the baby Skyrme model in a pure AdS background without a mass term. The tail decays and scalings of massless radial solutions are demonstrated to take a similar form to those of the massive flat space model, with the AdS curvature playing a similar role to the flat space pion mass. We also numerically find minimal energy solutions for a range of higher topological charges and find that they form concentric ring-like solutions. Popcorn transitions (named in analogy with studies of toy models of holographic QCD) from an n layer to an n+1-layer configuration are observed at topological charges 9 and 27 and further popcorn transitions for higher charges are predicted. Finally, a point-particle approximation for the model is derived and used to successfully predict the ring structures and popcorn transitions for higher charge solitons.

  17. The Incredible Years Parents and Babies Program:

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Pontoppidan, Maiken W.; Klest, Sihu; Sandoy, Tróndur Møller

    2016-01-01

    , using the Karitane Parenting Confidence Scale and Parental Stress Scale. Secondary outcomes include measures of parent health, parent-child relationship, infant development, parent-child activities, network, and family income. Interviewers and data analysts were blind to allocation status. Multiple......Introduction Infancy is an important period of life; adverse experiences during this stage can have both immediate and lifelong impacts on the child’s mental health and well-being. This study evaluates the effects of the Incredible Years Parents and Babies (IYPB) program as a universal intervention...... for parents with infants. Method We conducted a pragmatic, two-arm, parallel pilot randomized controlled trial, in which 112 families with newborns were randomized to the IYPB program (76) or usual care (36) with a 2:1 allocation ratio. The primary outcome was parenting confidence measured after 20 weeks...

  18. Babies and Art Museums: welcoming discoveries

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Cristina Carvalho

    2017-09-01

    Full Text Available BEBÊS E MUSEUS DE ARTE: ACOLHENDO DESCOBERTAS Resumo: a oferta de ações educativas em museus voltadas para bebês provoca a necessidade de estudos que busquem compreender tais ações, contribuindo para a constituição de práticas significativas. A partir dessas atividades, o artigo apresenta uma reflexão sobre a relação entre arte e primeira infância. O texto foi orientado por teóricos que valorizam o aspecto cultural no desenvolvimento infantil, em especial por Rinaldi e Vecchi. Foram utilizados documentos das instituições, como registros fotográficos e artigos, além de observações de algumas atividades. Buscou-se identificar caminhos que podem estimular a extensão do acolhimento ao público de zero a três anos nas instituições culturais. Palavras-chave: Arte. Educação em Museus. Bebês Abstract: The offer of educational actions focused on babies in museums causes the need for studies that seek to understand such actions, contributing to the constitution of significant practices. From these activities the article presents a reflection on the relationship between art and early childhood. The text was guided by theorists who value the cultural aspect in children's development, especially by Rinaldi and Vecchi. Institutional documents were used, such as photographic records and articles, as well as observations of some activities. It sought to identify ways that can stimulate the extension of the reception to the public from zero to three years in cultural institutions. Keywords: Art. Museum Education. Babies.

  19. 76 FR 37055 - Notice of Request for Extension of Approval of an Information Collection; Importation of Baby...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-06-24

    ... Collection; Importation of Baby Squash and Baby Courgettes From Zambia AGENCY: Animal and Plant Health... collection associated with regulations for the importation of baby squash and baby courgettes from Zambia... INFORMATION CONTACT: For information on regulations for the importation of baby squash and baby courgettes...

  20. 76 FR 81467 - Notice of Request for Extension of Approval of an Information Collection; Importation of Baby...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-12-28

    ... Collection; Importation of Baby Corn and Baby Carrots From Zambia AGENCY: Animal and Plant Health Inspection... with regulations for the importation of baby corn and baby carrots from Zambia. DATES: We will consider...: For information on regulations for the importation of baby corn and baby carrots from Zambia, contact...

  1. Are baby hammocks safe for sleeping babies? A randomised controlled trial.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Chiu, Karen; Tonkin, Shirley L; Gunn, Alistair J; McIntosh, Christine C

    2014-07-01

    Two reports of infants found dead after sleeping in baby hammocks have raised international concern about the safety of infant hammocks. We therefore tested whether hammock sleep affected oxygenation in infants, when they were at an age of high risk of sudden, unexpected infant death. Healthy, full-term 4- to 8-week-old infants were randomised to sleep either in a commercially available hammock (n = 14) or a standard bassinet (n = 9), and sleep state, oxygen desaturation (a fall in peripheral haemoglobin oxygen saturation (SpO2 ) ≥ 4%, for ≥ 4 sec from baseline to nadir), apnoea and hypopnoea, and mean SpO2 were analysed. There was no significant difference in mean SpO2 (both 98.5%) or rate of oxygen desaturation events between the hammock and the bassinet cot (mean ± SD, 24 ± 20 vs. 28 ± 23 events per hour), but infants slept less in the hammock (59 ± 31 vs. 81 ± 34 min, p baby hammocks, nor to older babies, particularly once the infant can roll. Given that it is not possible to predict when an infant will be able to roll, we strongly recommend that hammocks should not be used for unsupervised sleep. ©2014 Foundation Acta Paediatrica. Published by John Wiley & Sons Ltd.

  2. Abandoned babies in the UK - a review utilizing media reports.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sherr, L; Mueller, J; Fox, Z

    2009-05-01

    In the absence of national policy or comprehensive data, the phenomenon of abandoned babies is poorly understood in the UK. This study aims to use media reports as a resource to collate existing information on abandoned babies and to draw conclusions to inform future response. An exhaustive media search using electronic searches and media monitoring was undertaken to glean systematic information on all abandoned babies in the UK from 1998-2005. These were matched onto two databases - the UK Crime Statistics and the UK Abandoned Children Register in an attempt to align information on infant abandonment. Media reports were coded to list gender, survival, age, parental finding and circumstantial data. Our figures suggest an average of 16 babies abandoned yearly, while official sources give conflicting indications because of incomplete data gathering and child over-inclusion. Through systematic coding of media reports, 124 babies were identified over a 7-year period. Of these, 96 (77.4%) were newborns (1 week old). Adjusted logistic regression analysis found the strongest predictors of survival were age at abandonment and 'findability'. Newborn babies were less likely to survive than older babies (33.7% newborns died vs. 0% older babies, P Media interest is transient - 44.8% cases have a single report - and are typified by negative headlines (81.5%). This database currently represents the most accurate and comprehensive picture of the newborn abandonment phenomenon in the UK, a phenomenon that is rare but with high media and social interest. If the future well-being of mother and baby are to be catered for, clearer evidence-based policy and provision is vital.

  3. NRDA-processed CTD data from the HOS Davis in the Gulf of Mexico, Cruise 1 Leg 1, collected from 2010-08-13 to 2010-08-22, associated with the Deepwater Horizon Oil Spill event (NCEI Accession 0128072)

    Data.gov (United States)

    National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, Department of Commerce — Conductivity Temperature and Depth (CTD) measurements were collected aboard the R/V HOS Davis, Cruise 01, to determine physical oceanographic parameters of the water...

  4. NRDA-processed CTD data from the HOS Davis in the Gulf of Mexico, Cruise 2 Leg 1, collected from 2010-08-26 to 2010-09-02, associated with the Deepwater Horizon Oil Spill event (NCEI Accession 0128093)

    Data.gov (United States)

    National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, Department of Commerce — Conductivity Temperature and Depth (CTD) measurements were collected aboard the R/V HOS Davis, Cruise 02, to determine physical oceanographic parameters of the water...

  5. NRDA-processed CTD data from the HOS Davis in the Gulf of Mexico, Cruise 3 Leg 1, collected from 2010-09-09 to 2010-09-27, associated with the Deepwater Horizon Oil Spill event (NCEI Accession 0130017)

    Data.gov (United States)

    National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, Department of Commerce — Conductivity Temperature and Depth (CTD) measurements were collected aboard the R/V HOS Davis, Cruise 03, to determine physical oceanographic parameters of the water...

  6. NRDA-processed CTD data from the HOS Davis in the Gulf of Mexico, Cruise 4 Leg 1, collected from 2010-11-07 to 2010-11-14, associated with the Deepwater Horizon Oil Spill event (NCEI Accession 0130023)

    Data.gov (United States)

    National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, Department of Commerce — Conductivity Temperature and Depth (CTD) measurements were collected aboard the R/V HOS Davis, Cruise 04, to determine physical oceanographic parameters of the water...

  7. Gauged BPS baby Skyrmions with quantized magnetic flux

    Science.gov (United States)

    Adam, C.; Wereszczynski, A.

    2017-06-01

    A new type of gauged BPS baby Skyrme model is presented, where the derivative term is just the Schroers current (i.e., gauge invariant and conserved version of the topological current) squared. This class of models has a topological bound saturated for solutions of the pertinent Bogomolnyi equations supplemented by a so-called superpotential equation. In contrast to the gauged BPS baby Skyrme models considered previously, the superpotential equation is linear and, hence, completely solvable. Furthermore, the magnetic flux is quantized in units of 2 π , which allows, in principle, to define this theory on a compact manifold without boundary, unlike all gauged baby Skyrme models considered so far.

  8. Baby blues, normaalia äidin herkistymistä - kirjallisuuskatsaus

    OpenAIRE

    Sormunen, Katja; Söderholm, Minna

    2014-01-01

    Tässä opinnäytetyössä tarkoituksena oli selvittää kirjallisuuskatsauksen avulla, mitkä ovat baby bluesin oireet, miten se vaikuttaa äitiin ja lapseen sekä mitkä ovat selviytymiskeinot baby bluesista. Tavoitteena oli lisätä tietoa baby bluesista ja sen normaaliudesta. Kirjallisuuskatsauksen tuloksia voivat hyödyntää terveydenhuoltoalan ammattilaiset, jotka työskentelevät synnyttäneiden äitien ja perheiden parissa. Tiedonhaku suoritettiin talvella 2013–2014 Saimaan ammattikorkeakoulun Nelli...

  9. Baby Health Checkup: MedlinePlus Health Topic

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... Know (Centers for Disease Control and Prevention) - PDF Topic Image MedlinePlus Email Updates Get Baby Health Checkup ... GO MEDICAL ENCYCLOPEDIA Well-child visits Related Health Topics Childhood Immunization Common Infant and Newborn Problems Infant ...

  10. INNOVATIVE SPECIFIC PRODUCTS: ORGANIC SPROUTS (MICROGREENS AND SEEDLINGS (BABY LEAVES

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    M. I. Ivanova

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available The assortment of salad crops, process parameters for production of seedlings (Baby leaf and sprouts (Microgreens is presented. The principles of the selection and sale of salad crops in the local market are recommended.

  11. Babies' Fascination with Faces May Start in the Womb

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... like shapes," said study author Vincent Reid, a psychology professor at Lancaster University in England. The investigators ... were published June 8 in the journal Current Biology . "This preference has been recognized in babies for ...

  12. Pregnancy Choices: Raising the Baby, Adoption, and Abortion

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... PREGNANCY Pregnancy Choices: Raising the Baby, Adoption, and Abortion • What are my options if I find out ... is financial help available? • If I am considering abortion, what should I know about my state’s laws? • ...

  13. EVALUATION OF ANALYTICAL METHODS FOR DETERMINING PESTICIDES IN BABY FOOD

    Science.gov (United States)

    Three extraction methods and two detection techniques for determining pesticides in baby food were evaluated. The extraction techniques examined were supercritical fluid extraction (SFE), enhanced solvent extraction (ESE), and solid phase extraction (SPE). The detection techni...

  14. Faculty Experiences with Technology, Millennials versus Baby Boomers

    National Research Council Canada - National Science Library

    Jennifer Marie Litchfield; student Regis College

    2016-01-01

    ..., and 51.4 years, respectively. The Concerns-Based Adoption Model (CBAM) contains seven stages of concern and offers an initial framework to help Baby Boomer faculty overcome anxieties and learn to use technologies in the classroom...

  15. Born too soon: care for the preterm baby

    National Research Council Canada - National Science Library

    Lawn, Joy E; Davidge, Ruth; Paul, Vinod K; von Xylander, Severin; de Graft Johnson, Joseph; Costello, Anthony; Kinney, Mary V; Segre, Joel; Molyneux, Liz

    2013-01-01

    .... An estimated 15 million babies are born preterm, and the survival gap between those born in high and low income countries is widening, with one million deaths a year due to direct complications...

  16. Shaken baby syndrome: a South African medico-legal perspective ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    based medicine is necessary to dissipate the uncertainty around the condition. KEYWORDS: Shaken Baby Syndrome; abusive head trauma; child abuse; medicolegal practice; evidence-based medicine; triad of injuries; expert witnesses; ...

  17. Solid Foods: How to Get Your Baby Started

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... not be given home-prepared spinach, beets, carrots, green beans or squash. These foods might contain enough ... 2017 Original article: http://www.mayoclinic.org/healthy-lifestyle/infant-and-toddler-health/in-depth/healthy-baby/ ...

  18. Spitting up in Babies: What's Normal, What's Not

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... t gaining weight Spits up forcefully Spits up green or yellow fluid Spits up blood or a ... 2015 Original article: http://www.mayoclinic.org/healthy-lifestyle/infant-and-toddler-health/in-depth/healthy-baby/ ...

  19. How Much are Consumers Paying for Organic Baby Food?

    OpenAIRE

    Smith, Travis A.; Huang, Chung L.; Lin, Biing-Hwan

    2009-01-01

    Using retail purchase data, price premiums and discounts associated with household demographics, market factors, and product attributes (focusing on the organic attribute for strained baby food) are estimated using a hedonic pricing model. Results suggest that the organic premium ranges from about 12 to 49 percent in 2004 and from 30 to 52 percent in 2006. Tests for significant changes relative to product attributes show that while the price of conventional baby food has stayed relatively the...

  20. Sex stereotypes influence adults? perception of babies? cries

    OpenAIRE

    Reby, David; Levréro, Florence; Gustafsson, Erik; Mathevon,Nicolas

    2016-01-01

    Background Despite widespread evidence that gender stereotypes influence human parental behavior, their potential effects on adults? perception of babies? cries have been overlooked. In particular, whether adult listeners overgeneralize the sex dimorphism that characterizes the voice of adult speakers (men are lower-pitched than women) to their perception of babies? cries has not been investigated. Methods We used playback experiments combining natural and re-synthesised cries of 3?month-old ...

  1. Having Healthy Babies (A Cup of Health with CDC)

    Centers for Disease Control (CDC) Podcasts

    2017-01-19

    Most babies in the United States are born perfectly healthy. However, a small percentage are born with birth defects, and these conditions account for one of every five infant deaths in the United States. In this podcast, Dr. Sarah Tinker discusses ways for women to improve their chances of having a healthy baby.  Created: 1/19/2017 by MMWR.   Date Released: 1/19/2017.

  2. Color View 'Dodo' and 'Baby Bear' Trenches

    Science.gov (United States)

    2008-01-01

    NASA's Phoenix Mars Lander's Surface Stereo Imager took this image on Sol 14 (June 8, 2008), the 14th Martian day after landing. It shows two trenches dug by Phoenix's Robotic Arm. Soil from the right trench, informally called 'Baby Bear,' was delivered to Phoenix's Thermal and Evolved-Gas Analyzer, or TEGA, on Sol 12 (June 6). The following several sols included repeated attempts to shake the screen over TEGA's oven number 4 to get fine soil particles through the screen and into the oven for analysis. The trench on the left is informally called 'Dodo' and was dug as a test. Each of the trenches is about 9 centimeters (3 inches) wide. This view is presented in approximately true color by combining separate exposures taken through different filters of the Surface Stereo Imager. The Phoenix Mission is led by the University of Arizona, Tucson, on behalf of NASA. Project management of the mission is by NASA's Jet Propulsion Laboratory, Pasadena, Calif. Spacecraft development is by Lockheed Martin Space Systems, Denver.

  3. Baby-led Weaning: A Preliminary Investigation.

    Science.gov (United States)

    D'Andrea, Elisa; Jenkins, Kielyn; Mathews, Maria; Roebothan, Barbara

    2016-06-01

    To date, baby-led weaning (BLW) has not been examined in a Canadian population. This research investigated common BLW practices and compared associated knowledge and perceptions of practicing mothers and health care professionals (HCPs). Sixty-five mothers practicing BLW and 33 HCPs were surveyed using 2 online questionnaires. Mothers were recruited through the Newfoundland and Labrador BLW Facebook page and HCPs via email at 2 regional health authorities. Mothers described BLW in terms of food shape and consistency (whole, solid); however, in practice, some mothers offered puréed foods such as infant cereals. More HCPs than mothers indicated choking, inadequate energy, and iron intake as concerns. Mothers relied on the Facebook page over HCPs for BLW information and support. Although all practicing mothers would recommend BLW to others, less than half (48.5%) of HCPs would support it in their practice. Mothers following BLW vary greatly in their experiences and adherence to BLW. They view the practice and its disadvantages very differently than HCPs. Although most HCPs were aware of BLW, few were familiar with specific practices. HCPs may benefit from a greater understanding of BLW to provide guidance to the growing number of mothers following this practice.

  4. Can Zika Account for the Missing Babies?

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Flávio Codeço Coelho

    2017-11-01

    Full Text Available The Zika virus (ZIKV spread rapidly in Brazil in 2015 and 2016. Rio de Janeiro was among the Brazilian cities which were hit the hardest, with more that a hundred thousand confirmed cases up to the end of 2016. Given the severity of the neurological damage caused by ZIKV on fetuses, we wondered whether it would also cause an increase in the number of miscarriages, especially very early ones. As early miscarriages are unlikely to be recorded as a health event, this effect—if it occurred—would only show up as a reduction in the number of live births. In this article, we show that there was a 15% drop in live births between September and December 2016 compared with the previous year, and that this sharp drop from epidemiological week 33 onward is strongly correlated with the number of recorded cases of Zika about 40 weeks earlier. We postulate that ZIKV is directly responsible for this drop in the birth rate. Further work is required to ascertain whether other factors such as the fear of having a microcephaly baby or the economic crisis are having a significant effect.

  5. Sex stereotypes influence adults' perception of babies' cries.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Reby, David; Levréro, Florence; Gustafsson, Erik; Mathevon, Nicolas

    2016-04-14

    Despite widespread evidence that gender stereotypes influence human parental behavior, their potential effects on adults' perception of babies' cries have been overlooked. In particular, whether adult listeners overgeneralize the sex dimorphism that characterizes the voice of adult speakers (men are lower-pitched than women) to their perception of babies' cries has not been investigated. We used playback experiments combining natural and re-synthesised cries of 3 month-old babies to investigate whether the interindividual variation in the fundamental frequency (pitch) of cries affected adult listeners' identification of the baby's sex, their perception the baby's femininity and masculinity, and whether these biases interacted with their perception of the level of discomfort expressed by the cry. We show that low-pitched cries are more likely to be attributed to boys and high-pitched cries to girls, despite the absence of sex differences in pitch. Moreover, low-pitched boys are perceived as more masculine and high-pitched girls are perceived as more feminine. Finally, adult men rate relatively low-pitched cries as expressing more discomfort when presented as belonging to boys than to girls. Such biases in caregivers' responses to babies' cries may have implications on children's immediate welfare and on the development of their gender identity.

  6. Inorganic arsenic levels in baby rice are of concern

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Meharg, Andrew A. [School of Biological Sciences, University of Aberdeen, Cruickshank Building, St. Machar Drive, Aberdeen AB24 3UU (United Kingdom)], E-mail: a.meharg@abdn.ac.uk; Sun, Guoxin [Research Centre for Eco-Environmental Sciences, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100085 (China); Williams, Paul N. [School of Biological Sciences, University of Aberdeen, Cruickshank Building, St. Machar Drive, Aberdeen AB24 3UU (United Kingdom); Research Centre for Eco-Environmental Sciences, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100085 (China); Adomako, Eureka; Deacon, Claire [School of Biological Sciences, University of Aberdeen, Cruickshank Building, St. Machar Drive, Aberdeen AB24 3UU (United Kingdom); Zhu, Yong-Guan [Research Centre for Eco-Environmental Sciences, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100085 (China); Feldmann, Joerg; Raab, Andrea [Department of Chemistry, University of Aberdeen, Meston Building, Meston Walk, Aberdeen AB24 3UE (United Kingdom)

    2008-04-15

    Inorganic arsenic is a chronic exposure carcinogen. Analysis of UK baby rice revealed a median inorganic arsenic content (n = 17) of 0.11 mg/kg. By plotting inorganic arsenic against total arsenic, it was found that inorganic concentrations increased linearly up to 0.25 mg/kg total arsenic, then plateaued at 0.16 mg/kg at higher total arsenic concentrations. Inorganic arsenic intake by babies (4-12 months) was considered with respect to current dietary ingestion regulations. It was found that 35% of the baby rice samples analysed would be illegal for sale in China which has regulatory limit of 0.15 mg/kg inorganic arsenic. EU and US food regulations on arsenic are non-existent. When baby inorganic arsenic intake from rice was considered, median consumption (expressed as {mu}g/kg/d) was higher than drinking water maximum exposures predicted for adults in these regions when water intake was expressed on a bodyweight basis. - Median consumption of organic arsenic levels for UK babies from baby rice is above threshold considered safe.

  7. Iodine Contents in Baby Food Consumed in Japan

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Yoshida M.

    2013-04-01

    Full Text Available To evaluate iodine intake in Japanese infants, iodine contents were determined in both commercial and homemade baby food samples consumed in Japan. Fifty-three samples of commercial bottled or retort baby food and 25 samples of homemade baby food for one day were collected and their iodine contents were determined by inductively coupled plasma mass spectrometry after an extraction with 0.5% tetramethylammonium hydroxide. Among the commercial baby food samples, 35 samples showed low iodine values ( 1000 ng/g wet weight. Significantly higher iodine values were observed in 15 samples composed of dishes cooked using kombu (a kind of kelp than other samples. Among the homemade baby food samples, 12 samples brought very low iodine intake (< 1- 24 μg/d, while 5 samples brought very high iodine intake (283-978 μg/d. These results indicate that intermittent high iodine baby food including dishes cooked using kombu contributes to sufficient iodine intake in Japanese infants.

  8. Housing type, location of residence and health status in Australian baby boomers: results from the Australian Baby Boomer (ABBA) Study.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Black, Deborah Ann; Wilson, Leigh Ann; O'Loughlin, Kate; Noone, Jack; Kendig, Hal; Butcher, Jennifer

    2015-03-01

    Baby Boomers are working and living longer than their pre-war counterparts, and are more likely to live in high density urban housing. This paper examines the relationship between housing type, working status and location of residence on health status in Baby Boomers. We investigated location of residence and housing type in 1009 participants of the Ageing Baby Boomers in Australia (ABBA) Study to identify any predictors of, or correlations between, these variables and health status. Current workers were less likely to report depression than retirees. We found a significantly higher rate of diabetes, obesity and hypertension in retirees than in current workers however rates of obesity, diabetes and hypertension were higher than predicted in current workers. The rates of chronic disease are higher than previous estimates and provide evidence to inform health promotion programs designed to increase physical activity and improve eating habits in baby boomers. © 2013 ACOTA.

  9. Lamellar ichthyosis

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... loss Abnormal finger and toenails Skin of the palms and soles is thickened Treatment Collodion babies usually ... AZ. Also reviewed by David Zieve, MD, MHA, Isla Ogilvie, PhD, and the A.D.A.M. ...

  10. Nasaleringsvärde för Nasometer hos svensktalande 13- och 18-åringar

    OpenAIRE

    Birgersson, Magdalena; Norberg, Christel

    2013-01-01

    Bakgrund Nasometer är ett datorbaserat instrument som procentuellt mäter andel ljudenergi som vid tal kommer ut via näsan. Nasometern är det främst använda instrumentet vid instrumentell nasalitetsbedömning. I användningen av Nasometer behövs normalvärden från personer med typisk resonansutveckling. Normalvärden för svenska språket finns för flera åldersgrupper, men inte för tonåringar. Syfte Ta fram normalvärden för Nasometer hos svensktalande 13- respektive 18-åringar, studera värdenas spri...

  11. Should we maintain baby hatches in our society?

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Asai Atsushi

    2013-02-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background A baby hatch called the “Stork’s Cradle” has been in place at Jikei Hospital in Kumamoto City, Japan, since May 10, 2007. Babyklappes were first established in Germany in 2000, and there are currently more than 90 locations. Attitudes regarding baby hatches are divided in Japan and neither opinions for nor against baby hatches have thus far been overwhelming. To consider the appropriateness of baby hatches, we present and examine the validity of each major objection to establishing baby hatches. Discussion There are various objections to baby hatches as follows: It violates a child’s right to know the identity of his or her biological parents by allowing anonymous birth; it neglects fulfillment of the biological parents’ basic obligation to raise their child and its very availability induces abandonment of infants; some people abuse it for very selfish reasons; it cannot save babies’ lives; the rights of one parent can be ignored if the other surrenders a child without his or her consent; it puts a baby in medical jeopardy; and it has no clear legal basis. The authors would argue that there are many plausible refutations for each objection mainly based on priority of child’s right to life, pregnant women’s vulnerability and necessity of anonymity, social responsibility to protect and raise children, differences between dropping a child off at a baby hatch and child neglect, limited function of social childcare center, inevitability of abuse by a minority of people, necessary distinction between outcomes that occur only because baby hatches exist and those that occur regardless of their existence, important local direct and upmost measures for women in trouble, and difference between ambiguous legality and illegality. Summary We argue that a certain number of baby hatches should continue to be established as a last resort, in a form that can maintain anonymity if the parent dropping the child off so desires. It

  12. Computer-aided diagnosis of Myocardial Infarction using ultrasound images with DWT, GLCM and HOS methods: A comparative study.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Vidya, K Sudarshan; Ng, E Y K; Acharya, U Rajendra; Chou, Siaw Meng; Tan, Ru San; Ghista, Dhanjoo N

    2015-07-01

    Myocardial Infarction (MI) or acute MI (AMI) is one of the leading causes of death worldwide. Precise and timely identification of MI and extent of muscle damage helps in early treatment and reduction in the time taken for further tests. MI diagnosis using 2D echocardiography is prone to inter-/intra-observer variability in the assessment. Therefore, a computerised scheme based on image processing and artificial intelligent techniques can reduce the workload of clinicians and improve the diagnosis accuracy. A Computer-Aided Diagnosis (CAD) of infarcted and normal ultrasound images will be useful for clinicians. In this study, the performance of CAD approach using Discrete Wavelet Transform (DWT), second order statistics calculated from Gray-Level Co-Occurrence Matrix (GLCM) and Higher-Order Spectra (HOS) texture descriptors are compared. The proposed system is validated using 400 MI and 400 normal ultrasound images, obtained from 80 patients with MI and 80 normal subjects. The extracted features are ranked based on t-value and fed to the Support Vector Machine (SVM) classifier to obtain the best performance using minimum number of features. The features extracted from DWT coefficients obtained an accuracy of 99.5%, sensitivity of 99.75% and specificity of 99.25%; GLCM have achieved an accuracy of 85.75%, sensitivity of 90.25% and specificity of 81.25%; and HOS obtained an accuracy of 93.0%, sensitivity of 94.75% and specificity of 91.25%. Among the three techniques presented DWT yielded the highest classification accuracy. Thus, the proposed CAD approach may be used as a complementary tool to assist cardiologists in making a more accurate diagnosis for the presence of MI. Copyright © 2015 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

  13. 75 FR 43307 - Safety Standards for Full-Size Baby Cribs and Non-Full-Size Baby Cribs; Notice of Proposed...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-23

    ... constructed cribs, cradles, car beds, baby baskets, or bassinets. 2. The Market for Full-Size Cribs The CPSC... Safety Commission 16 CFR Parts 1219, 1220, and 1500 Safety Standards for Full-Size Baby Cribs and Non-Full-Size Baby Cribs; Notice of Proposed Rulemaking; Proposed Rule #0;#0;Federal Register / Vol. 75, No...

  14. η Carinae Baby Homunculus Uncovered by ALMA

    Science.gov (United States)

    Abraham, Zulema; Falceta-Gonçalves, Diego; Beaklini, Pedro P. B.

    2014-08-01

    We report observations of η Carinae obtained with ALMA in the continuum of 100, 230, 280, and 660 GHz in 2012 November, with a resolution that varied from 2.''88 to 0.''45 for the lower and higher frequencies, respectively. The source is not resolved, even at the highest frequency; its spectrum is characteristic of thermal bremsstrahlung of a compact source, but different from the spectrum of optically thin wind. The recombination lines H42α, He42α, H40α, He40α, H50β, H28α, He28α, H21α, and He21α were also detected, and their intensities reveal non-local thermodynamic equilibrium effects. We found that the line profiles could only be fit by an expanding shell of dense and ionized gas, which produces a slow shock in the surroundings of η Carinae. Combined with fittings to the continuum, we were able to constrain the shell size, radius, density, temperature, and velocity. The detection of the He recombination lines is compatible with the high-temperature gas and requires a high-energy ionizing photon flux, which must be provided by the companion star. The mass-loss rate and wind velocity, necessary to explain the formation of the shell, are compatible with an luminous blue variable eruption. The position, velocity, and physical parameters of the shell coincide with those of the Weigelt blobs. The dynamics found for the expanding shell correspond to matter ejected by η Carinae in 1941 in an event similar to that which formed the Little Homunculus; for that reason, we called the new ejecta the "Baby Homunculus."

  15. PENGARUH PEMBERIAN EKSTRAK KUNYIT PADA ANAK BABI YANG MENDERITA COLIBACILLOSIS

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    I NENGAH KERTA BESUNG

    2012-09-01

    Full Text Available ABSTRAK Kolibasilosis adalah salah satu penyakit pada anak babi yang disebabkan oleh Escherichia coli (E.coli dan umumnya penyakit tersebut diobati dengan antibiotika. Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk mendapatkan informasi pengaruh kunyit sebagai obat alternatif untuk mengobati kejadian kolibasilosis pada anak babi. Dua belas ekor anak babi yang menderita kolibasilosis dikelompokkan ke dalam tiga kelompok yakni kelompok pertama adalah anak babi sebagai kontrol yakni tidak diberikan ekstrak kunyit maupun sulfonamida. Kelompok kedua anak babi diberikan ekstrak kunyit, sedangkan kelompok ketiga anak babi diobati dengan sulfonamida. Data berupa kejadian diare dan total bakteri E. coli dianalisis dengan analisis varian. Pengaruh pemberian kunyit dan pengobatan dengan sulfonamida nampak pada hari kelima setelah perlakuan, yakni berupa penurunan kejadian diare dan pengurangan total bakteri E.coli. Hasil penelitian menunjukkkan bahwa ekstrak kunyit sangat potensial dapat dipakai sebagai obat alternatif dalam pengobatan penyakit kolibasilosis pada anak babi. THE EFFECT OF TURMERIC (Curcuma longa ON PIGLETS WITH COLIBACILLOSIS ABSTRACT Colibacillosis is one of diseases in piglets coused by Eschericia coli (E.coli, and commonly antibiotica therapy to used preventively that diseases. The present study was conducted to observe that effect of turmeric (Curcuma longa, as a alternative drugs on therapy of collibacillosis. Twelve of piglets with colibacillosis diseases were devided in to three groups, each group consisted of four piglets. First group was the negative control group without treatment of sulphonamides and turmeric too, the second group was the turmeric extract treatment and the last group was the colibacillosis piglets treated with sulphonamides. Analisis of variance was to analysed of data from diarrhea occurrence and a total of E. coli bacteria. Effect of turmeric and sulphonamides on colibacillosis of all piglets was detected at fifth days, with

  16. Prevalence of baby bottle versus breastfeeding graphics on products in national chain stores.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gellerson, Daphne; Hornsby, Paige P; Lowenhaupt, Stephanie A; Bressler, Colleen J; Burns, Whitney R; Friedman, Caroline F; Vaughn, Natalie H; Marshall, Stephanie P; Marshall, Trisha L; Park, Jennie; Kellams, Ann

    2012-12-01

    This study surveyed the prevalence of bottle versus breastfeeding graphic images on products marketed for pregnant mothers and young children available for purchase in national chain stores. This was a product survey/content analysis. Eighteen national chain stores located in a 10-mile radius of Charlottesville, VA were visited. In total, 2,670 individual items in 11 categories of baby shower and baby gift merchandise (shower invitations, greeting cards, gift wrap, shower decorations, baby dolls, baby books, infant clothing, bibs, nursery decorations, baby blankets, and disposable diapers) were assessed. The main outcome measures were prevalences of baby bottle and breastfeeding graphic images. Baby bottle images were found on products in eight of the 11 categories of items surveyed. Thirty-five percent of baby dolls were marketed with a baby bottle. The prevalence of bottle images on items in all other categories, however, was low. Of the 2,670 items surveyed, none contained a breastfeeding image. The low prevalence of baby bottle images on commonly purchased baby gift and baby shower items is encouraging. However, the absence of breastfeeding images and the relatively high prevalence of baby dolls marketed with a baby bottle demonstrate that breastfeeding is not portrayed as the physiologic norm on these products. Product designers should explore ways to promote breastfeeding, consumers should make informed choices in product selection, and advocacy groups should promote guidelines for these products.

  17. Mortality from motorcycle crashes: the baby-boomer cohort effect.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Puac-Polanco, Victor; Keyes, Katherine M; Li, Guohua

    2016-12-01

    Motorcyclists are known to be at substantially higher risk per mile traveled of dying from crashes than car occupants. In 2014, motorcycling made up less than 1 % of person-miles traveled but 13 % of the total mortality from motor-vehicle crashes in the United States. We assessed the cohort effect of the baby-boomers (i.e., those born between 1946 and 1964) in motorcycle crash mortality from 1975 to 2014 in the United States. Using mortality data for motorcycle occupants from the Fatality Analysis Reporting System, we performed an age-period-cohort analysis using the multiphase method and the intrinsic estimator method. Baby-boomers experienced the highest mortality rates from motorcycle crashes at age 20-24 years and continued to experience excess mortality after age 40 years. After removing the effects of age and period, the estimated mortality risk from motorcycle crashes for baby-boomers was 48 % higher than that of the referent cohort (those born between 1930 and 1934, rate ratio 1.48; 95 % CI: 1.01, 2.18). Results from the multiphase method and the intrinsic estimator method were consistent. The baby-boomers have experienced significantly higher mortality from motorcycle crashes than other birth cohorts. To reduce motorcycle crash mortality, intervention programs specifically tailored for the baby-boomer generation are warranted.

  18. The RNA-binding protein HOS5 and serine/arginine-rich proteins RS40 and RS41 participate in miRNA biogenesis in Arabidopsis

    KAUST Repository

    Chen, Tao

    2015-07-30

    MicroRNAs are a class of small regulatory RNAs that are generated from primary miRNA (pri-miRNA) transcripts with a stem-loop structure. Accuracy of the processing of pri-miRNA into mature miRNA in plants can be enhanced by SERRATE (SE) and HYPONASTIC LEAVES 1 (HYL1). HYL1 activity is regulated by the FIERY2 (FRY2)/RNA polymerase II C-terminal domain phosphatase-like 1 (CPL1). Here, we discover that HIGH OSMOTIC STRESS GENE EXPRESSION 5 (HOS5) and two serine/arginine-rich splicing factors RS40 and RS41, previously shown to be involved in pre-mRNA splicing, affect the biogenesis of a subset of miRNA. These proteins are required for correct miRNA strand selection and the maintenance of miRNA levels. FRY2 dephosphorylates HOS5 whose phosphorylation status affects its subnuclear localization. HOS5 and the RS proteins bind both intronless and intron-containing pri-miRNAs. Importantly, all of these splicing-related factors directly interact with both HYL1 and SE in nuclear splicing speckles. Our results indicate that these splicing factors are directly involved in the biogenesis of a group of miRNA.

  19. Where have all the babies gone?

    Science.gov (United States)

    1992-05-15

    Critical comment is provided on the phenomena of couples postponing childbearing in Singapore. In spite of a media campaign to promote childbearing and tax incentives, women are choosing to be DINKS, couples with double incomes and no kids. Women's reasons for not having children are to enjoy more freedom and a better material life and maintain a career. Seet Ai Mee, the junior minister of community development, in 1990 spoke in a public address about women's lack of belief in marriage and the loss of independence and career prospects when children come along. Official concern is based on the rising median age of childbearing which has gone from 23.4 years in 1970 to 27.7 years in 1991. A continuing trend would put women 30 years old at the age of 1st childbearing in the year 2000. 1 of 5 women presently do not have children. 2.9% fewer babies were born in the 1st 10 months of 1991 compared with 1990. The Director of the Population Planning Unite believes that the campaign has been successful in promoting coupling, but not procreation. Examples are given of 4 women who chose not to have children. 1 was a 26-year old university graduate who was a product manager. She is married and thinks that the ad campaign is not appropriately geared to an educated population. Romance and hard sell are out of place. Another psychotherapist expressed the opinion that women wanted a house a car before having children, and later age at childbearing was desired because the desire was to a small family anyway. Freedom has a greater value over the desire for children. A 30-year old writer finds women with children boring, and later age at childbearing means greater maternal maturity. Several examples are given of women who desire an earlier start on childbearing because of the demands placed on older mothers. The director of a counseling and care center defines DINKS as educated higher income people who want a career, personal goals, travel, and other things. There should not be a

  20. Recruiting pregnant smokers from Text4baby for a randomized controlled trial of Quit4baby.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Leavitt, Leah; Abroms, Lorien; Johnson, Pamela; Schindler-Ruwisch, Jennifer; Bushar, Jessica; Singh, Indira; Cleary, Sean D; McInvale, Whitney; Turner, Monique

    2017-06-01

    Recruiting pregnant smokers into clinical trials is challenging since this population tends to be disadvantaged, the behavior is stigmatized, and the intervention window is limited. The purpose of this study is to test the feasibility and effectiveness of recruiting pregnant smokers into a smoking cessation trial by sending recruitment text messages to an existing subscriber list. Recruitment messages were sent to subscribers flagged as pregnant in Text4baby, a national text messaging program for pregnant women and mothers. Four recruitment messages were rotated to test the effectiveness of different emotional frames and a financial incentive. Study staff called subscribers who expressed interest to screen for eligibility and enroll eligible women. Between October 6, 2015 and February 2, 2016, 10,194 recruitment messages were sent to Text4baby subscribers flagged as pregnant, and 10.18% (1038) responded indicating interest. No significant increase in cancellation was observed compared to subscribers who received other ad hoc messages. Of respondents, 54.05% (561) were reached by phone for follow-up, and 21.97% (228) were found to be eligible. Among the eligible, 87% (199) pregnant smokers enrolled. The recruitment message with a pride emotional appeal had a significantly higher response (p = 0.02) compared to the recruitment message with no emotional appeal, but enrollment did not significantly differ between recruitment messages with different emotional appeals. The recruitment messages with a reference to financial incentive yielded higher response (p message without. This study demonstrates success recruiting pregnant smokers using text message. Future studies should consider building on this approach for recruiting high-risk populations.

  1. THE MONITORING OF MERCURY CONTENT IN BABY FOODS

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Tomáš Tóth

    2014-02-01

    Full Text Available Children's nutrition is very important for the healthy growth and development of the child, but it affects the health of the individual as well later in adulthood. For the production of baby food, commonly available on the market are used raw materials consistently grown under very strict supervision of specially designated for children's nutrition. It shall also apply to the more stringent standards on fertilizer, soil treatment during growth, harvesting, storage and process for the production of baby food. At work, we have focused on monitoring the content of Hg in the 12 samples of baby food, available in the sales network of the Slovak Republic and comparing it with the Highest permissible quantity (0.05 mg.kg-1. On the basis of the findings shows that the content of Hg in the one sample exceeded the HPQ, the content of Hg was in the range 0.6 - 20.4% of the HPQ.

  2. Babies born dying: just bad karma? A discussion paper.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kain, Victoria J

    2014-12-01

    The paper examines the notion of being born dying and karma. Karma is a belief upheld by Buddhists and non-Buddhists: That is, karma follows people from their previous lives into their current lives. This raises a difficult question: Does karma mean that a baby's death is its own fault? While great peace can be found from a belief in karma, the notion of a baby's karma returning in some sort of retributive, universal justice can be de-emphasized and is considered "un-Buddhist." Having an understanding of karma is intrinsic to the spiritual care for the dying baby, not only from the perspective of parents and families who have these beliefs, but also for reconciling one's own beliefs as a healthcare practitioner.

  3. Topological phase transitions in the gauged BPS baby Skyrme model

    Science.gov (United States)

    Adam, C.; Naya, C.; Romanczukiewicz, T.; Sanchez-Guillen, J.; Wereszczynski, A.

    2015-05-01

    We demonstrate that the gauged BPS baby Skyrme model with a double vacuum potential allows for phase transitions from a non-solitonic to a solitonic phase, where the latter corresponds to a ferromagnetic liquid. Such a transition can be generated by increasing the external pressure P or by turning on an external magnetic field H. As a consequence, the topological phase where gauged BPS baby skyrmions exist, is a higher density phase. For smaller densities, obtained for smaller values of P and H, a phase without solitons is reached. We find the critical line in the P, H parameter space. Furthermore, in the soliton phase, we find the equation of state for the baby skyrmion matter V = V( P,H) at zero temperature, where V is the "volume", i.e., area of the solitons.

  4. Topological phase transitions in the gauged BPS baby Skyrme model

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Adam, C.; Naya, C. [Departamento de Física de Partículas, Universidad de Santiago de Compostela andInstituto Galego de Física de Altas Enerxias (IGFAE), Santiago de Compostela, E-15782 (Spain); Romanczukiewicz, T. [Institute of Physics, Jagiellonian University, Lojasiecza 11, Kraków, 30-348 (Poland); Sanchez-Guillen, J. [Departamento de Física de Partículas, Universidad de Santiago de Compostela andInstituto Galego de Física de Altas Enerxias (IGFAE), Santiago de Compostela, E-15782 (Spain); Wereszczynski, A. [Institute of Physics, Jagiellonian University, Lojasiecza 11, Kraków, 30-348 (Poland)

    2015-05-29

    We demonstrate that the gauged BPS baby Skyrme model with a double vacuum potential allows for phase transitions from a non-solitonic to a solitonic phase, where the latter corresponds to a ferromagnetic liquid. Such a transition can be generated by increasing the external pressure P or by turning on an external magnetic field H. As a consequence, the topological phase where gauged BPS baby skyrmions exist, is a higher density phase. For smaller densities, obtained for smaller values of P and H, a phase without solitons is reached. We find the critical line in the P,H parameter space. Furthermore, in the soliton phase, we find the equation of state for the baby skyrmion matter V=V(P,H) at zero temperature, where V is the “volume”, i.e., area of the solitons.

  5. Major congenital anomalies in babies born with Down syndrome

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Morris, Joan K; Garne, Ester; Wellesley, Diana

    2014-01-01

    to determine if the introduction of these screening programs and the subsequent termination of prenatally detected pregnancies were associated with any decline in the prevalence of additional anomalies in babies born with Down syndrome. The study sample consisted of 7,044 live births and fetal deaths with Down......Previous studies have shown that over 40% of babies with Down syndrome have a major cardiac anomaly and are more likely to have other major congenital anomalies. Since 2000, many countries in Europe have introduced national antenatal screening programs for Down syndrome. This study aimed...... syndrome registered in 28 European population-based congenital anomaly registries covering seven million births during 2000-2010. Overall, 43.6% (95% CI: 42.4-44.7%) of births with Down syndrome had a cardiac anomaly and 15.0% (14.2-15.8%) had a non-cardiac anomaly. Female babies with Down syndrome were...

  6. Respon Imun Anak Babi Pasca Vaksinasi Hog Cholera

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    I Made Jayanata

    2016-10-01

    Full Text Available Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk mengetahui pengaruh antibodi maternal terhadap titer antibodi anak babi yang di vaksin hog cholera umur 7 hari. Penelitian menggunakan tujuh sampel babi dari induk yang divaksin secara teratur yang diberikan perlakuan vaksinasi pada umur 7 hari. Pengambilan sampel serum dilakukan pravaksinasi (7 hari, dan satu minggu serta dua minggu pasca vaksinasi. Untuk menentukan titer antibodi virus Hog cholera pada sampel anak babi dilakukan uji ELISA. Data yang diperoleh kemudian dianalisis mengunakan paired sampel T test antara titer antibodi hog cholera. Hasil paired sample T test menunjukkan terjadinya penurunan titer antibodi maternal yang nyata (p<0,05 pada pra vaksinasi ( umur 7 hari dengan satu minggu pasca vaksinasi dan sangat nyata (p<0,01 dengan hari dua minggu pasca vaksinasi. Dari hasil penelitian ini dapat disimpulkan bahwa antibodi maternal yang tinggi akan mengakibatkan penurunan pada titer antibodi pasca vaksinasi. Perlu dilakukan penelitian lebih lanjut untuk mengetahui waktu vaksinasi yang efektif

  7. How do baby boomers' mobility patterns change with retirement?

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Siren, Anu; Haustein, Sonja

    2015-01-01

    working had a high car reliance that did not decline over time. This study suggests that retirement is a transition point associated with decreasing car use. Hence, the ageing of the population is likely to have a decreasing effect on transportation demand. However, informal care-giving, prolonged careers......Baby boomers will comprise a considerable share of tomorrow's older population. Previous research has indicated higher travel activity and car use amongst baby boomers than amongst older cohorts. However, little evidence exists on the effects of boomers' ageing on the transportation system....... To analyse how retirement affects baby boomers' travel and the related future travel demand, we compared three groups, distinguished by employment status as ‘still working’, ‘early retirees’ and ‘recent retirees’, in a longitudinal setting. Data for 864 individuals were collected via standardised telephone...

  8. Job strain and coping among ageing baby boomers.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wanka, Anna; Kolland, Franz; Psihoda, Sophie

    2015-08-01

    Research indicates that the so-called baby boomer generation (the population born after World War II) exhibits worrying health trends. Taking age-cohort effects into account, it is still unclear how the mechanisms concerning stress and health function and how the distribution of stressors, stress mediators and stress effects on health differ between generations. The article approaches stress from a generational perspective asking: which are the stressors the baby boomer generation is facing? Under which conditions and with which resources is exposure to stressors harmful to health? Is there an accumulation of stress in later working life? In the course of the project "Wellbeing", a quantitative online survey was carried out in selected commercial enterprises and public institutions in four project partner countries. The results for Austrian participants are presented in this article. Employees of the baby boomer generation are exposed to both time-related and social stressors at the workplace and a high percentage of respondents expressed symptoms of physical and psychological stress. Stress mediators, such as agency-based coping strategies and social resources at the workplace could buffer these stressors; however, stressors and stress mediators are significantly correlated creating a "triple whammy" effect (i.e. exposure to stressors, lack of social resources and restricted coping), which particularly affects older male baby boomers. Social support buffers the negative effects of a limited health and lower education for female baby boomers, which supports the buffering hypothesis of social convoy theory, whereas male baby boomers lack the resources to effectively cope with work stress.

  9. Cardiovascular Health Status in Baby Boomers with Diabetes Mellitus.

    Science.gov (United States)

    King, Dana E; Xiang, Jun; Kulshreshtha, Ambar

    2016-06-01

    The objective of this study was to assess the cardiovascular health status of baby boomers with diabetes mellitus (DM) in comparison to the same-age population with DM 10 years previously. The study was conducted in baby boomers with DM using data from the National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES) 2009-2012 compared with NHANES 1999-2002. Cardiovascular health metrics were derived from the American Heart Association's Life's Simple 7. The primary outcome was the comparison of the proportion of individuals with each characteristic, including healthy diet, healthy weight, not smoking, exercising regularly, and maintaining an optimal level of glycated hemoglobin (HbA1C), cholesterol, and blood pressure. Current baby boomers with DM (NHANES 2009-2012) had more obesity (70.9% vs 58.8%; P = 0.009) and a lower proportion of ideal physical activity (20.9% vs 31.7%; P = 0.01) than people of the same age 10 years ago; fewer than 1% adhere to an ideal healthy diet. Current baby boomers more often had ideal cholesterol (59.4% vs 47.2; P = 0.01) and reached an ideal HbA1C (51.0% vs 43.4%; P = 0.047). Blood pressure control, adherence to ideal diet, and smoking rates were not significantly different from 10 years ago. In logistic regression analyses controlling for likely confounders, baby boomers persisted in having more obesity and exercising less often, and reaching an ideal cholesterol level more often (P baby boomers demonstrated worsening in several key cardiovascular health indicators, particularly obesity and physical activity.

  10. What can be done to keep babies' skin healthy?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Atherton, David; Mills, Kathryn

    2004-07-01

    Establishing a skincare routine that keeps babies' skin healthy remains a challenge for midwives and parents, since up to 50% of babies suffer from at least one episode of nappy rash at some time. Nappy rash is an irritant contact dermatitis caused by the interaction of several factors, particularly the prolonged contact of the skin with urine and faeces, which makes the skin more prone to disruption through friction with the nappy. Infection is not a primary cause of nappy rash, though secondary infection by Candida albicans can occur. Prevention of nappy rash is the ultimate goal, but if the condition does develop, treatment should aim to reverse the skin damage and prevent recurrence. We propose that routine baby skincare should comprise gentle cleansing whenever the nappy is soiled (using warm water or alcohol-free baby wipes), the use of good-quality super-absorbent nappies, and the application of a barrier preparation at every nappy change. Ideally, a barrier preparation should be clinically proven to be effective in babies and mimic the skin's natural function by forming a long-lasting barrier to maintain optimum moisture levels. It should not contain any unnecessary ingredients, including antiseptic, preservative or perfume (or other potential sensitisers), or any ingredients that are toxic or have undocumented safety. Treatment of nappy rash should comprise essentially the same actions as its prevention. Application of a barrier ointment at every nappy change can help to both prevent and treat this condition. Topical steroid therapy should be reserved for use where the condition has failed to respond to other approaches, and antifungal treatment should only be employed where Candida infection is established or suspected. Implementing these measures would form a simple skincare routine that could help keep babies' skin healthy.

  11. NEWBORN CONDITION AND ANTHROPOMETRIC MEASURES IN BABY FRIENDLY PROGRAM

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Momcilo Djordjevic

    2008-01-01

    Full Text Available Mother’s breast milk is the best product that the new born infant could be fed with. It contains nutritious matters necessary for growth and progress of the new born infants, ideally adapted for the baby. This is not only the food. It provides the support for protection against infections.The aim of the investigation was to establish whether the newborn condition right after the birth and anthropometric measures affect entering the baby friendly program. The study was conducted during 2003 in OGC CC Kragujevac and included 216 new born infants included in baby friendly program and 216 new born infants outside the program.The following parameters in newborn infants were observed: Apgar score, body mass, body length, head circumference.Significantly most often in both examined groups (73 up to 75%, the value of Apgar score of the new born infants was in the interval 9 – 10 and it did not affect the selection into baby friendly program.New born infants from baby friendly program statistically had significantly greater weight than the infants outside the program-on average for about 80 g. The greater weight positively affects entering the baby friendly program.Body length and infant head circumference did not statistically significantly differed between the examined groups.Statistically important difference in body mass can be justified by higher surveillance of pregnant women from the program. The treatment should reflect in controlled nourishment, avoidance of all harmful causes like consumption of cigarettes and alcoholic drinks, which are proven risks for the newborn infants from such pregnancies to have lesser body mass. The advantage of greater body mass lies in the fact that after the childbirth, the relative loss of the body weight is lesser compared to the infants outside the program.

  12. Effects of induction on the mother-baby relationship.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kitzinger, S

    1976-08-01

    Even though a minority of mothers and babies benefit from the sequence of events which starts with induction, continues with active obstetric intervention, and culminates with the baby in the intensive care unit, it is questionable whether this justifies submitting the majority of women to what many of these mothers described as the misery of enforced separation from their infants, and whether we should permit modern technological innovations in the culture of childbirth to risk interfering with the basic human patterns of attachment between parents and their young.

  13. Baby Skyrme model, near-BPS approximations, and supersymmetric extensions

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bolognesi, S.; Zakrzewski, W.

    2015-02-01

    We study the baby Skyrme model as a theory that interpolates between two distinct BPS systems. For this, a near-BPS approximation can be used when there is a small deviation from each of the two BPS limits. We provide analytical explanation and numerical support for the validity of this approximation. We then study the set of all possible supersymmetric extensions of the baby Skyrme model with N =1 and the particular ones with extended N =2 supersymmetries and relate this to the above mentioned almost-BPS approximation.

  14. Learning and adherence to baby massage after two teaching strategies.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cruz, Cláudia Marchetti; Caromano, Fátima Aparecida; Gonçalves, Lia Lopes; Machado, Thais Gaiad; Voos, Mariana Callil

    2014-07-01

    Little is known about learning/adherence after different baby massage teaching strategies. We compared the learning/adherence after two strategies. Twenty mothers from the group manual-course (GMC) and 20 from the group manual-orientations (GMO) received a booklet. GMC participated in a course during the third trimester. GMO received verbal instructions during the postpartum hospital stay. Multiple-choice and practical tests assessed learning (GMC: performing strokes on a doll; GMO: on the baby). Adherence was measured 3 months after childbirth. No differences were found between the groups in learning/adherence. Both teaching strategies showed similar and positive results. © 2014, Wiley Periodicals, Inc.

  15. Baby MIND Experiment Construction Status arXiv

    CERN Document Server

    Antonova, M.; Bayes, R.; Benoit, P.; Blondel, A.; Bogomilov, M.; Bross, A.; Cadoux, F.; Cervera, A.; Chikuma, N.; Dudarev, A.; Ekelöf, T.; Favre, Y.; Fedotov, S.; Hallsjö, S-P.; Izmaylov, A.; Karadzhov, Y.; Khabibullin, M.; Khotyantsev, A.; Kleymenova, A.; Koga, T.; Kostin, A.; Kudenko, Y.; Likhacheva, V.; Martinez, B.; Matev, R.; Medvedeva, M.; Mefodiev, A.; Minamino, A.; Mineev, O.; Nessi, M.; Nicola, L.; Noah, E.; Ovsiannikova, T.; Pais Da Silva, H.; Parsa, S.; Rayner, M.; Rolando, G.; Shaykhiev, A.; Simion, P.; Soler, F.J.P.; Suvorov, S.; Tsenov, R.; Ten Kate, H.; Vankova-Kirilova, G.; Yershov, N.

    Baby MIND is a magnetized iron neutrino detector, with novel design features, and is planned to serve as a downstream magnetized muon spectrometer for the WAGASCI experiment on the T2K neutrino beam line in Japan. One of the main goals of this experiment is to reduce systematic uncertainties relevant to CP-violation searches, by measuring the neutrino contamination in the anti-neutrino beam mode of T2K. Baby MIND is currently being constructed at CERN, and is planned to be operational in Japan in October 2017.

  16. "Mummies and babies" and friends and lovers in Lesotho.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gay, J

    1985-01-01

    This paper examines an institutionalized friendship among adolescent girls and young women in southern Africa. Lesotho's economy is based on migrant male labor which leaves the women dependent on male earnings or subsistence from the land, and also creates unstable marital relations. Young girls in the modern schools develop close relationships, called "mummy-baby," with slightly older girls. Sexual intimacy is an important aspect of these relationships. Mummy-baby relationships not only provide emotional support prior to marriage, but also a network of support for married and unmarried women in new towns or schools, either replacing or accompanying heterosexual bonds.

  17. MIXED GONADAL DYSGENESIS IN A SEVEN MONTH OLD BABY

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Made Ayu Krishna Levina

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available Mixed gonadal dysgenesis is a very rare case with genital ambiguity as a clinical manifestation.Diagnosis of this condition is emerging due to proper gender assignment and  prompt treatment toachieve optimal physical and psychologic development. We reported a genital ambigous in a 7 month old baby, who was referred with enlargement of clitoris, an unpalpable testis, but with a highconcentration testosteron serum level, an uterus from genitography, and a mosaic karyotype 45,X/46,XY. The working diagnosis of this baby is mixed gonadal dysgenesis. Patients is being evaluated by a multidisciplinary team and planned having laparoscopy.  [MEDICINA 2014;45:52-57

  18. Go4Life:Fitness for Baby Boomers On Up | NIH MedlinePlus the Magazine

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... turn Javascript on. Feature: Go4Life Go4Life: Fitness for Baby Boomers On Up Past Issues / Spring 2012 Table of ... aimed at people over 50. This group includes baby boomers and their parents. The goal is to make ...

  19. A National Survey of Psychiatric Mother and Baby Units in England

    National Research Council Canada - National Science Library

    Lloyd-Evans, Brynmor; Howard, Louise M; Slade, Mike; Johnson, Sonia; Gregoire, Alain; Elkin, Amanda; Gilburt, Helen

    2009-01-01

    This study identified all mother and baby units (MBUs) (defined in this study as inpatient psychiatric units where mothers and babies could be admitted that had at least four beds and were separate from other wards...

  20. 1 in 20 Pregnant Women Infected with Zika Have Babies with Birth Defects: CDC

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... html 1 in 20 Pregnant Women Infected With Zika Have Babies With Birth Defects: CDC Report from ... in the U.S. territories who were infected with Zika during pregnancy had babies with serious birth defects, ...

  1. Hubungan Kelimpahan Bulu Babi (Sea Urchin) Dengan Bahan Organik Substrat Dasar Perairan Di Pantai Krakal, YOGYAKARTA

    OpenAIRE

    Arthaz, Ca Perdana; Suryanti, -; Ruswahyuni, -

    2015-01-01

    Bulu babi (Sea urchin) dapat ditemui mulai dari daerah intertidal sampai ke kedalaman 10 m. Bulu babi umumnya menghuni ekosistem terumbu karang dan padang lamun, biasanya hidup mengelompok tergantung dari jenis habitatnya. Bulu babi memiliki peranan penting terhadap ekologi suatu perairan dan rantai makanan. Di dalam rantai makanan, bulu babi memiliki kedudukan sebagai herbivora, omnivora, ataupun sebagai pemakan detritus sehingga sampah-sampah organisme tak akan hilang begitu saja. Penel...

  2. The Impact of Baby Swimming on Introductory and Elementary Swimming Training

    OpenAIRE

    Břízová, Gabriela

    2007-01-01

    THESIS ANNOTATION Title: The Impact of Baby Swimming on Introductory and Elementary Swimming Training Aim: To assess the impact of 'baby swimming' on the successfulness in introductory and partly in elementary swimming training, and to find out whether also other circumstances (for example the length of attendance at 'baby swimming') have some influence on introductory swimming training. Methods: We used a questionnaire method for the parents of children who had attended 'baby swimming' and f...

  3. Revisiting the Measurement of Shaken Baby Syndrome Awareness

    Science.gov (United States)

    Russell, Beth S.

    2010-01-01

    In the last 10 years, over 80% of adults surveyed report some familiarity with Shaken Baby Syndrome (SBS) and the dangers of shaking infants younger than 2 years of age ([Dias et al., 2005] and [Russell and Britner, 2006]). Hence, in the context of SBS prevention, the question of whether caregivers knew the safety risks of shaking an infant…

  4. Reducing Baby Bottle Tooth Decay. A SERVE Research Brief.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Southeastern Regional Vision for Education (SERVE), Tallahassee, FL.

    This pamphlet discusses strategies for reducing baby bottle tooth decay (BBTD) among Native American children. BBTD in infants and toddlers is a painful disease characterized by extensive decay of the upper front and side teeth. It is caused by prolonged exposure of teeth to carbohydrates, such as those contained in infant formula, milk, and fruit…

  5. morbidity and outcome of low birthweight babies of adolescent ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    The sociodemographic and obstetric comparison between the two groups of mothers has been reported elsewhere(12). This study was approved by the KNH Ethics and. Research Committee. RESULTS. One hundred and forty two LBW babies were recruited into the study. Of these, 69 were born to the adolescent mothers ...

  6. Preterm Admissions in a Special Care Baby Unit: The Nnewi ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Ugochukwu EF, Ezechukwu CC, Agbata CC, Ezumba I. Preterm Admissions in a. Special Care Baby Unit: The Nnewi Experience. Nigerian Journal of Paediatrics. 2002;29:75. A review of all preterm admissions into the Special Care Bay Unit' of the. Nnamdi Azikiwe University Teaching Hospital (NAUTH), Nnewi, over a ...

  7. immediate outcome of babies with low apgar score in mulago ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    hi-tech

    2003-01-01

    Jan 1, 2003 ... outcome and possible risk factors for poor outcome in babies with low Apgar score. Setting: Labour wards ... Conclusion: Even though the prevalence of low Apgar was only 8.4%, adverse outcomes associated with it were ... Health, Obstetrics and Gynaecology, the Makerere faculty of. Medicine research ...

  8. CLINICAL RISK INDEX FOR BABIES (CRIB) II SCORE AS A ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    2011-01-01

    Jan 1, 2011 ... Among them is the scoring system Clinical Risk Index for Babies also known as CRIB II score. ... specificity of 75.3%, and a predictive value of 77.7% compared to 72.5, 71.2, and 71.8% respectively for ... 56, 75 and 66% for sensitivity, specificity and predictive values respectively. Conclusion: CRIB II score ...

  9. Babies Won't Wait: Early Intervention Challenges Illinois.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Voices for Illinois Children, Chicago.

    As a result of federal law Public Law 99-457, Illinois has the opportunity to provide early intervention for at-risk children up to 3 years of age. These children have developmental delays, such as cerebral palsy, or are cocaine or alcohol babies. The legislative history and current status of Public Law 99-457 as it relates to the planning of…

  10. Applied and fundamental aspects of BABY BOOM-mediated regeneration

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Heidmann, I.A.

    2015-01-01

    Keywords: Somatic embryogenesis, Transcription factor, AINTEGUMENTA-LIKE, BABY BOOM, BBM, Sweet Pepper Transformation Title: Applied and Fundamental Aspects of BBM-mediated Regeneration Author: Iris Heidmann Catergories: Plant regeneration, Plant

  11. Baby's First Books: A Guide to Selection of Infant Literature.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Dinsmore, Karen E.

    1988-01-01

    Discusses the development of the market for books for infants; presents reasons why even young infants can benefit from being read to; and provides guidelines for selection of appropriate books for babies. The guidelines include sturdiness and developmental appropriateness. A list of recommended books is appended. (SKC)

  12. Population Changes, the Baby Boom, and the Unemployment Rate.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Flaim, Paul O.

    1990-01-01

    The influx of baby boomers into the job market exerted considerable upward pressure on the unemployment rate during the 1960s and 1970s; the maturing of this large population group helped lower the rate in the 1980s and should do so again in the 1990s. (Author)

  13. Developing Baby Bag Design by Using Kansei Engineering Method

    Science.gov (United States)

    Janari, D.; Rakhmawati, A.

    2016-01-01

    Consumer's preferences and market demand are essential factors for product's success. Thus, in achieving its success, a product should have design that could fulfill consumer's expectation. Purpose of this research is accomplishing baby bag product as stipulated by Kansei. The results that represent Kanseiwords are; neat, unique, comfortable, safe, modern, gentle, elegant, antique, attractive, simple, spacious, creative, colorful, durable, stylish, smooth and strong. Identification value on significance of correlation for durable attribute is 0,000 baby's bag. While the value of coefficient regression is 0,812 baby's bag.The result of the baby's bag final design selectionbased on the questionnaire 3 is resulting the combination of all design. Space for clothes, diaper's space, shoulder grip, side grip, bottle's heater pocket and bottle's pocket are derived from design 1. Top grip, space for clothes, shoulder grip, and side grip are derived from design 2.Others design that were taken are, spaces for clothes from design 3, diaper's space and clothes’ space from design 4.

  14. When breastfeeding, how many calories should moms and babies consume?

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... June 1, 2016, from http://www.acog.org/Patients/FAQs/Breastfeeding-Your-Baby [top] American Academy of Pediatrics. (2012). ... to address research needs of pregnant women and nursing mothers Getting to Know the New NICHD Director All related ... of Communications Last Reviewed Date 1/31/2017 Contact Us ...

  15. Case Report of A Baby with Suspected Vacterl Constellation ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    A term, normal birth weight, appropriate for gestational age, male infant born in a private hospital in Delta State and referred to University of Benin Teaching Hospital, Benin City, Edo State on account of his abdominal and limb defects. The baby had multiple birth defects consistent with a diagnosis of VACTERL association.

  16. Experience in a Special Care Baby Um't

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    ted into the Special Care Baby Unit, University College Hospital, Ibadan, has revealed a 24.5 per cent prevalence of patency of the ductus ... decompensation from FDA is recommended to reduce mortality from this disease. .... the acute phase of cardiac failure had subsided), and potassium supplement (at 2 mEq / kg body ...

  17. Will the Retiring Baby Boomers Return to Rural Periphery?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Jauhiainen, Jussi S.

    2009-01-01

    Many belonging to large post-war age cohorts in the western countries moved from rural areas to larger industrializing cities. They retire soon and can consider moving back to the childhood places. This article studies these baby boomers and the issues about their return to peripheral rural areas. The case regards one rural municipality,…

  18. Baby Boomers in an Active Adult Retirement Community: Comity Interrupted

    Science.gov (United States)

    Roth, Erin G.; Keimig, Lynn; Rubinstein, Robert L.; Morgan, Leslie; Eckert, J. Kevin; Goldman, Susan; Peeples, Amanda D.

    2012-01-01

    Purpose of the Study: This article explores a clash between incoming Baby Boomers and older residents in an active adult retirement community (AARC). We examine issues of social identity and attitudes as these groups encounter each other. Design and Methods: Data are drawn from a multiyear ethnographic study of social relations in senior housing.…

  19. Baby Boomers Mature and Gerontological Counseling Comes of Age

    Science.gov (United States)

    Maples, Mary Finn; Abney, Paul C.

    2006-01-01

    Gerontological counseling is the wave of the profession's future. With the majority of 76 million baby boomers beginning to turn 60 years old in 2006, there will be a great need for preretirement to end-of-life counselors. This article focuses on (a) the varied influences of this group on the U.S. and the nation's concerns and (b) theories,…

  20. Phocomelia in an HIV infected baby: Case report | Udo | Nigerian ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Phocomelia in an HIV infected baby: Case report. JJ Udo, SO Ochigbo, OE Ikpeme, TE Nlemadim. Abstract. No Abstract. Full Text: EMAIL FREE FULL TEXT EMAIL FREE FULL TEXT · DOWNLOAD FULL TEXT DOWNLOAD FULL TEXT · http://dx.doi.org/10.4314/njp.v40i4.16 · AJOL African Journals Online. HOW TO USE ...

  1. The experiences of mothers who lost a baby during pregnancy ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    The purpose of this study was to explore and describe the experiences of mothers who lost a baby during pregnancy and care given by doctors and midwives during this period. To realise this goal the researcher followed a qualitative, exploratory, descriptive and contextual approach. Data were collected by using in-depth ...

  2. The impact of the baby freindly hospital initiative on breastfeeding ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    The impact of the baby freindly hospital initiative on breastfeeding prectices in Ilesa. T A Ogunlesi, I O Dedeke, J A Okeniyi, G A Oyedeji. Abstract. No Abstract. Nigerian Journal of Paediatrics Vol. 32 (3) 2005: pp. 46-51. Full Text: EMAIL FREE FULL TEXT EMAIL FREE FULL TEXT · DOWNLOAD FULL TEXT DOWNLOAD ...

  3. [Alliance of skills to fight pain of premature babies].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Allain, Aurélie; Wehrli, Aurore; Roy, Aurélie

    Premature babies are particularly vulnerable and exposed to pain and discomfort. To improve the quality of care, an alliance of skills between nurses, children's nurses and the psychomotor therapist has been set up in a neonatal intensive care unit. Copyright © 2017 Elsevier Masson SAS. All rights reserved.

  4. Haematological profile of apparently healthy term babies aged one ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Background: Normal values of haematological parameters are often required to assist with diagnosis and monitoring. Objective: To determine the haematological indices of apparently healthy term babies on the first day, third day and sixth week of life. Method: A longitudinal survey of the haematological parameters of ...

  5. Trained Aides as Baby Sitters of Deaf-Blind Children.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Southwestern Region Deaf-Blind Center, Sacramento, CA.

    The document contains the coordinator's guide, recruitment guide, practicum guide, training model, curriculum guide, bibliography, and evaluation guide for TABS, (Trained Aides as Baby Sitters), a training program that prepares individuals to be competent sitters for deaf-blind children and that provides a curriculum tailored to the needs of the…

  6. Baby factory syndicates: An emerging child adoption racket in Nigeria

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    African Journal for the Psychological Study of Social Issues ... In Nigeria, the recent discovery of criminal syndicates that specialise in the buying and selling of babies by law enforcement agents has called into question the efficacy of the extant institutional framework designed to regulate child adoption process. The concern ...

  7. Oligosaccharides in feces of breast- and formula-fed babies

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Albrecht, S.A.; Schols, H.A.; Zoeren, van D.; Lingen, van R.A.; Groot Jebbink, L.J.M.; Heuvel, van den E.G.H.M.; Voragen, A.G.J.; Gruppen, H.

    2011-01-01

    So far, little is known on the fate of oligosaccharides in the colon of breast- and formula-fed babies. Using capillary electrophoresis with laser induced fluorescence detector coupled to a mass spectrometer (CE–LIF–MSn), we studied the fecal oligosaccharide profiles of 27 two-month-old breast-,

  8. Growth and development of abandoned babies in institutional care ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Objective: To determine the pattern of growth and development of institutionalised infants and to compare the outcome with that of infants living with their biological 1 mothers. Design: A cross-sectional survey. Setting: Seven children's homes; Kenyatta National Hospital's New Born Unit and Well Baby Clinics in Nairobi, ...

  9. Review: Can we comfortably deliver smaller and smaller babies ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    In medicine, it seems that technology and pharmacology are inspiring each other with the same synergism as computer hardware and software. As example of this, the survival of smaller and smaller babies has steadily been increasing over the past few decades. Very low birth weight (below 1500g) has had to be redefined ...

  10. Nutrient Analysis of Indigenous Fortified Baby Weaning Foods from ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    BSN

    Abstract. Complementary food blends based on some cereals and legumes that are sold in. Plateau State, Nigeria were formulated for baby weaning foods and were analyzed. The cereals used included Zea mays (white corn), Pennisetum typhoides (millet) and. Digitaria exilis (acha). The legumes included Voandzeia ...

  11. Sign Language with Babies: What Difference Does It Make?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Barnes, Susan Kubic

    2010-01-01

    Teaching sign language--to deaf or other children with special needs or to hearing children with hard-of-hearing family members--is not new. Teaching sign language to typically developing children has become increasingly popular since the publication of "Baby Signs"[R] (Goodwyn & Acredolo, 1996), now in its third edition. Attention to signing with…

  12. HEALTHY F ULL-TERM BABIES WHO DELIVER AT THE ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    factors and a number of other factors can affect this early mother-infant ... on mother's level of education and father's occupation according to the method described by ... birth weight and gestational age of the babies, duration of labour, time of ...

  13. Page 1 SAMJFoRUM -~----- BOOKS RESUSCITATION OF BABIES ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    This little paperback is meant to be used as a template for the development of locally agreed policies for resuscitation of babies at birth, and it should be a real help to anyone concerned with that. Much of the content could be incorporated verbatim. It starts with a brief ctiscussion of general principles and the physiology of.

  14. Having Healthy Babies (A Minute of Health with CDC)

    Centers for Disease Control (CDC) Podcasts

    2017-01-19

    Birth defects account for one of every five infant deaths in the United States. This podcast discusses the chances and ways for women to have healthy babies.  Created: 1/19/2017 by MMWR.   Date Released: 1/19/2017.

  15. Zika Virus: Protecting Pregnant Women and Babies PSA (:60)

    Centers for Disease Control (CDC) Podcasts

    2017-04-04

    This 60 second public service announcement is based on the April 2017 CDC Vital Signs report. Zika virus infection during pregnancy can cause serious birth defects. Learn how to protect babies from Zika-related health conditions.  Created: 4/4/2017 by National Center for Emerging and Zoonotic Infectious Diseases (NCEZID).   Date Released: 4/4/2017.

  16. Giant lower oesophageal ulcer in a Bushman baby | Heydenrych ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    The case of a giant, penetrating lower oesophageal ulcer in a 14-month-old Bushman baby is reported. This would probably be classified as a Barrett's ulcer. Histological examination showed that the ulcer developed in columnar epithelium and that there was normal stratified squamous oesophageal mucosa both ...

  17. Normal anterior fontanelle sizes in newborn Igbo babies in south ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    RESEARCH. Background. Several factors, including gestational age (GA), gender, race and geographical/regional area, contribute to variations in the ... While the impact of GA and gender are clearly established, the influences of region and ethnicity vary ... in the lying-in ward and babies in the Newborn Special Care Unit.

  18. Could You Raise a 'No-Diaper' Baby?

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... an apparently ages-old method known as "elimination communication," or EC. EC definitely isn't for everyone, and probably wouldn't work well in a daycare setting, Drs. Jeffrey Bender and Rosemary She acknowledged. But for those interested, the couple said getting babies to cooperate with EC is ...

  19. Neonatal cleft lip repair in babies with breastfeeding difficulties at ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    a haemoglobin of 10 g/dL and has a white cell count of 103 cells/L. In the interim ... (patient was full term, not syndromic, free from congenital heart and neuro .... for the mother. Could the difficulties in breastfeeding have been contributed by seeing a deformed baby (CLP)?. Although our main reason for operating on these ...

  20. Glucose 6 phosphate dehydrogenase levels in babies delivered at ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Background: Glucose-6-phosphate dehydrogenase deficiency, an X-linked recessive disorder, is the most common enzymopathy producing disease in humans.It is known to cause severe neonatal hyperbilirubinaemia. Aims and Objectives: To determine G6PD levels in babies delivered at the University of Ilorin Teaching ...

  1. Nutrient Analysis of Indigenous Fortified Baby Weaning Foods from ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Complementary food blends based on some cereals and legumes that are sold in Plateau State, Nigeria were formulated for baby weaning foods and were analyzed. The cereals used included Zea mays (white corn), Pennisetum typhoides (millet) and Digitaria exilis (acha). The legumes included Voandzeia subterranean ...

  2. Buying and Caring for Baby Bottles and Nipples

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... will not break if dropped. If you choose plastic, it is best to buy new bottles. Reused or hand-me-down bottles may contain bisphenol-A (BPA). The Food and Drug Administration (FDA) has banned the use of BPA in baby bottles due ...

  3. Thermoregulation and energy metabolism in the lesser bush baby ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    1988-01-29

    Jan 29, 1988 ... S. Afr. J. Zool. 1989,24(2). Thermoregulation and energy metabolism in the lesser bush baby , ... Thermoregulation and energy metabolism were studied in adult and juvenile G. s. moho/i at ambient temperatures ranging from ... periods on cold nights to reduce energy expenditure. (Martin & Bearder 1979).

  4. BABY EMPATHY: INFANT DISTRESS AND PEER PROSOCIAL RESPONSES.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Liddle, Mitzi-Jane E; Bradley, Ben S; Mcgrath, Andrew

    2015-01-01

    Empathy is an important competence in our social world, a motivator of prosocial behavior, and thought to develop throughout the second year of life. The current study examined infants' responses to naturalistic peer distress to explore markers of empathy and prosocial behavior in young babies. Seventeen 8-month-old infants participated in a repeated measures design using the "babies-in-groups" paradigm, with maternal presence as the independent variable. Significant differences were found between response types: Gaze was the standard response to infant distress, followed by socially directed behaviors and affect, with self-distress rarely occurring. Maternal presence was not found to impact the nature or frequency of babies' responses to peer distress. During distress episodes, babies looked preferentially at the distressed peer, then other mothers, and least to their own mother. Data revealed that infant responses to peer distress resulted in a successful cessation of that distress episode over one third of the time. Case studies are provided to illustrate the quantitative data. The results provided evidence of empathic concern and prosocial behavior in the first year of life, and provoke a challenge to developmental theories of empathy. © 2015 Michigan Association for Infant Mental Health.

  5. Challenging Our Assumptions: Helping a Baby Adjust to Center Care.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Elliot, Enid

    2003-01-01

    Contends that assumptions concerning infants' adjustment to child center care need to be tempered with attention to observation, thought, and commitment to each individual baby. Describes the Options Daycare program for pregnant teens and young mothers. Presents a case study illustrating the need for openness in strategy and planning for…

  6. Development of bacterial and bifidobacterial communities in feces of newborn babies

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Favier, C.F.; Vos, de W.M.; Akkermans, A.D.L.

    2003-01-01

    Microbial 16S rDNA from babies' fecal samples were amplified by PCR, and analysed by denaturing gradient gel electrophoresis (DGGE), cloning and sequencing. PCR-DGGE profiles were used to follow in time the colonization of the intestine by bacteria. Four healthy babies, one baby who received

  7. Baby, It's You: International Capital Discovers the under Threes

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hughes, Patrick

    2005-01-01

    Well-established international entertainment firms such as Disney and Fisher-Price are joining new start-up firms such as Baby Einstein to create a 'Baby' market of products (including toys, games and videos) specifically targeted at children aged 0-3 years. Despite its novelty, the "Baby" market mirrors older markets that…

  8. Bringing New Families to the Museum One Baby at a Time

    Science.gov (United States)

    Herman, Alicia

    2012-01-01

    "Bring Your Baby to the Danforth Museum of Art" is a program for mothers. Unlike other museum programs that focus on the needs of children, Bring Your Baby caters to the intellectual interests of the adult parent. Parents learn about artworks, play with babies in a beautiful environment, and socialize with other families. The program is…

  9. 76 FR 65216 - Baby Bliss, Inc., Middleville, MI; Notice of Negative Determination Regarding Application for...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-10-20

    ... Employment and Training Administration Baby Bliss, Inc., Middleville, MI; Notice of Negative Determination... apply for Trade Adjustment Assistance (TAA) applicable to workers and former workers Baby Bliss, Inc., Middleville, Michigan (Baby Bliss). The determination was issued on September 2, 2011. The Department's Notice...

  10. Organizing the Baby Boomer Construct: An Exploration of Marketing, Social Systems, and Culture

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lipschultz, Jeremy H.; Hilt, Michael L.; Reilly, Hugh J.

    2007-01-01

    Baby boomer trends are applied in the development of a conceptual framework that offers a social systems and cultural model for future studies. While there has been considerable recent attention paid to baby boomers, the studies lack a coherent theoretical base that would allow for more advanced and continuing research. Aging baby boomers heading…

  11. 76 FR 15225 - Importation of Fresh Baby Kiwi From Chile Under a Systems Approach

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-03-21

    ... Animal and Plant Health Inspection Service 7 CFR Part 319 RIN 0579-AD37 Importation of Fresh Baby Kiwi... importation into the continental United States of baby kiwi fruit from Chile, subject to a systems approach... packinghouse inspections. This proposed rule would allow for the safe importation of fresh baby kiwi from Chile...

  12. "Dancing" with Your Baby Means Sometimes Leading, Sometimes Following. Dr. Alice Sterling Honig Talks with Parents.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Honig, Alice Sterling

    1992-01-01

    Explains how parents can be their baby's partners in the "dance of development" by understanding the milestones, windows, and prerequisites of child development; by giving their baby the power and treasure of language; and by teaching their baby about kindness and beauty. (BB)

  13. [Executive function in early childhood and Generalizability Theory: Typical babies and preterm babies].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Blanco Villaseñor, Angel; Sastre i Riba, Sylvia; Escolano Pérez, Elena

    2010-05-01

    In the areas of Social, Health, and Behavioral Sciences, observational designs are used as one of the best ways to study human behavior in natural and quasi-natural settings. Observing and recording a sample of individual patterns of behavior is a feature common to all of them, but a broad sampling error can be implicit, especially at early ages. Sampling errors arise also as a result of the observation of only a fraction of each possible case, and this is part of the problem involved in the estimation of generalizations of data recorded by systematic observation. The sampling process usually takes place at different stages (observers, sessions, tasks, age, etc...) and requires estimating variance components that can be combined with each other to produce one or more estimates of board coefficients. The Generalizability Theory (GT) proposes that there are many (infinite) sources of variation (facets) in any measurement. Our main objective is to identify the variance components that contribute to estimation errors and implement strategies to reduce the influence of these error sources on the measurement. Executive functioning in typical and premature babies is studied at 15 and 24 months. The results show differences between groups, sources of variation, and generalizability.

  14. Hard water softening effect of a baby cleanser

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Walters RM

    2016-10-01

    Full Text Available Russel M Walters, Emmanuel Anim-Danso, Stephanie M Amato, Kimberly A Capone, M Catherine Mack, Lorena S Telofski, David A Mays Skin Care Research & Development, Johnson & Johnson Consumer Inc., Skillman, NJ, USA Background: Hard water is associated with atopic dermatitis (eczema. We wanted to determine if a baby cleanser and its individual components altered free ionized calcium (Ca2+ in a simulated hard water baby bath. For these studies, an in vitro determination of free Ca2+ in a simulated hard water baby bath, and an in vivo exploratory study of free Ca2+ absorption into skin from hard water were performed.Methods: Free Ca2+ was measured with an ion-sensitive electrode in vitro in hard water (100–500 ppm, Ca2+ before and after addition of the cleanser and/or its components. In an exploratory study, absorption of Ca2+ into skin from hard water was determined in three female participants (aged 21–29 years.Results: At an in-use dilution of 1%, the test cleanser reduced free Ca2+ from ~500 ppm to <200 ppm; a 10% in-use dilution bound virtually all free Ca2+. The anionic surfactant component contributed the most to this effect. In the exploratory in vivo study, we measured a reduction of ~15% in free Ca2+ from simulated hard water over 10 minutes.Conclusion: Baby cleansers can bind free Ca2+ and reduce the effective water hardness of bath water. Reducing the amount of free Ca2+ in the water will reduce the availability of the ion for binding to the skin. Altering or reducing free Ca2+ concentrations in bath water may be an important parameter in creating the ideal baby bath. Keywords: bath, cleanser, hard water, infant, neonate, surfactant

  15. The 2030 Problem: Caring for Aging Baby Boomers

    Science.gov (United States)

    Knickman, James R; Snell, Emily K

    2002-01-01

    Objective To assess the coming challenges of caring for large numbers of frail elderly as the Baby Boom generation ages. Study Setting A review of economic and demographic data as well as simulations of projected socioeconomic and demographic patterns in the year 2030 form the basis of a review of the challenges related to caring for seniors that need to be faced by society. Study Design A series of analyses are used to consider the challenges related to caring for elders in the year 2030: (1) measures of macroeconomic burden are developed and analyzed, (2) the literatures on trends in disability, payment approaches for long-term care, healthy aging, and cultural views of aging are analyzed and synthesized, and(3)simulations of future income and assets patterns of the Baby Boom generation are developed. Principal Findings The economic burden of aging in 2030 should be no greater than the economic burden associated with raising large numbers of baby boom children in the 1960s. The real challenges of caring for the elderly in 2030 will involve: (1) making sure society develops payment and insurance systems for long-term care that work better than existing ones, (2) taking advantage of advances in medicine and behavioral health to keep the elderly as healthy and active as possible, (3) changing the way society organizes community services so that care is more accessible, and (4) altering the cultural view of aging to make sure all ages are integrated into the fabric of community life. Conclusions To meet the long-term care needs of Baby Boomers, social and public policy changes must begin soon. Meeting the financial and social service burdens of growing numbers of elders will not be a daunting task if necessary changes are made now rather than when Baby Boomers actually need long-term care. PMID:12236388

  16. Are you Baby-Friendly? Knowledge deficit among US maternity staff.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sadacharan, Radha; Santana, Stephanie; Sanchez, Emily; Matlak, Stephanie; Grossman, Xena; Makrigiorgos, Gregory; Merewood, Anne

    2012-08-01

    The Baby-Friendly Hospital Initiative began in 1991. In 2010, approximately 3% of United States (US) hospitals were Baby-Friendly certified. When collecting data for related studies, we noted that many maternity staff erroneously claimed their hospital was Baby-Friendly.™ To determine whether maternity staff in US hospitals could accurately describe their institution's status with regard to Baby-Friendly certification. In 2010-2011, we called all maternity hospitals in the US and asked to be connected to the maternity service. We then asked the person answering the maternity service phone: "Is your hospital a Baby-Friendly hospital?" and recorded the position of the respondent. We called 2974 hospitals, and received answers on Baby-Friendly status from 2851. According to the Baby-Friendly USA Website (http://www.babyfriendlyusa.org), 3% (75/2851) of these hospitals were Baby-Friendly. However, staff at 62% (1780/2851) stated their hospital was Baby-Friendly. Staff at 15% (424/2851) did not know what the caller meant by "Baby-Friendly hospital." Accuracy of knowledge varied dependent on the respondent's job title (P meaning of "Baby-Friendly hospital."

  17. Pilot evaluation of the text4baby mobile health program

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Evans William Douglas

    2012-11-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background Mobile phone technologies for health promotion and disease prevention have evolved rapidly, but few studies have tested the efficacy of mobile health in full-fledged programs. Text4baby is an example of mobile health based on behavioral theory, and it delivers text messages to traditionally underserved pregnant women and new mothers to change their health, health care beliefs, practices, and behaviors in order to improve clinical outcomes. The purpose of this pilot evaluation study is to assess the efficacy of this text messaging campaign. Methods We conducted a randomized pilot evaluation study. All participants were pregnant women first presenting for care at the Fairfax County, Virginia Health Department. We randomized participants to enroll in text4baby and receive usual health care (intervention, or continue simply to receive usual care (control. We then conducted a 24-item survey by telephone of attitudes and behaviors related to text4baby. We surveyed participants at baseline, before text4baby was delivered to the intervention group, and at follow-up at approximately 28 weeks of baby’s gestational age. Results We completed 123 baseline interviews in English and in Spanish. Overall, the sample was predominantly of Hispanic origin (79.7% with an average age of 27.6 years. We completed 90 follow-up interviews, and achieved a 73% retention rate. We used a logistic generalized estimating equation model to evaluate intervention effects on measured outcomes. We found a significant effect of text4baby intervention exposure on increased agreement with the attitude statement “I am prepared to be a new mother” (OR = 2.73, CI = 1.04, 7.18, p = 0.042 between baseline and follow-up. For those who had attained a high school education or greater, we observed a significantly higher overall agreement to attitudes against alcohol consumption during pregnancy (OR = 2.80, CI = 1.13, 6.90, p = 0.026. We also observed a

  18. Computer-aided diagnosis of psoriasis skin images with HOS, texture and color features: A first comparative study of its kind.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Shrivastava, Vimal K; Londhe, Narendra D; Sonawane, Rajendra S; Suri, Jasjit S

    2016-04-01

    Psoriasis is an autoimmune skin disease with red and scaly plaques on skin and affecting about 125 million people worldwide. Currently, dermatologist use visual and haptic methods for diagnosis the disease severity. This does not help them in stratification and risk assessment of the lesion stage and grade. Further, current methods add complexity during monitoring and follow-up phase. The current diagnostic tools lead to subjectivity in decision making and are unreliable and laborious. This paper presents a first comparative performance study of its kind using principal component analysis (PCA) based CADx system for psoriasis risk stratification and image classification utilizing: (i) 11 higher order spectra (HOS) features, (ii) 60 texture features, and (iii) 86 color feature sets and their seven combinations. Aggregate 540 image samples (270 healthy and 270 diseased) from 30 psoriasis patients of Indian ethnic origin are used in our database. Machine learning using PCA is used for dominant feature selection which is then fed to support vector machine classifier (SVM) to obtain optimized performance. Three different protocols are implemented using three kinds of feature sets. Reliability index of the CADx is computed. Among all feature combinations, the CADx system shows optimal performance of 100% accuracy, 100% sensitivity and specificity, when all three sets of feature are combined. Further, our experimental result with increasing data size shows that all feature combinations yield high reliability index throughout the PCA-cutoffs except color feature set and combination of color and texture feature sets. HOS features are powerful in psoriasis disease classification and stratification. Even though, independently, all three set of features HOS, texture, and color perform competitively, but when combined, the machine learning system performs the best. The system is fully automated, reliable and accurate. Copyright © 2016 Elsevier Ireland Ltd. All rights reserved.

  19. Healthy Parenting Skills Program toward First-Time Father’s Skills on Caring for Newborn Baby

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Uswatun Khasanah

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available Purpose: This study is to examine the effects of skills training program named healthy parenting program on first time father skills. The skills are baby bath and umbilical cord care, baby blanket, burping and handling the baby, baby lullaby and replace baby clothes.Method: This is a quasi experiment study. Sampling technique is purposive sampling with 30 first time father with 0-28 days new born baby. Sample equally assigned into experimental and control groups. Subject in experimental group received healthy parenting skills program, while control group was given routine care only. The instrument is observation guideline. Wilcoxon and Man Whitney Test are used to analyze data.Result: Father’ skills in experimental group after receiving the program are statistically increased from before the program (bathing and umbilical cord care, baby blanket, baby burping, baby handling, baby lullaby, replace baby clothes.Conclusion: Father’ skills in experimental group after receiving the program are statistically increased over control group (bathing and umbilical cord care, baby blanket skill, baby burping, baby handling, baby lullaby, replace baby clothes. Suggestions are the educational efforts by health-care professionals could beneficially be directed toward fathers throughout prenatal and postpartum periods. Health center in Indonesia should initiate class program directed to father in part of program in reducing neonates and post partum mothers health problems.

  20. Overexpression of an Orchid (Dendrobium nobile) SOC1/TM3-Like Ortholog, DnAGL19, in Arabidopsis Regulates HOS1-FT Expression.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Liu, Xiao-Ru; Pan, Ting; Liang, Wei-Qi; Gao, Lan; Wang, Xiao-Jing; Li, Hong-Qing; Liang, Shan

    2016-01-01

    Flowering in the appropriate season is critical for successful reproduction in angiosperms. The orchid species, Dendrobium nobile, requires vernalization to achieve flowering in the spring, but the underlying regulatory network has not been identified to date. The MADS-box transcription factor DnAGL19 was previously identified in a study of low-temperature treated D. nobile buds and was suggested to regulate vernalization-induced flowering. In this study, phylogenetic analysis of DnAGL9 and the MADS-box containing proteins showed that DnAGL19 is phylogenetically closely related to the SOC1-like protein from orchid Dendrobium Chao Parya Smile, DOSOC1. The orchid clade closed to but is not included into the SOC1-1/TM3 clades associated with either eudicots or monocots, suggesting that DnAGL19 is an SOC1-1/TM3-like ortholog. DnAGL19 was found to be highly expressed in pseudobulbs, leaves, roots, and axillary buds but rarely in flowers, and to be substantially upregulated in axillary buds by prolonged low-temperature treatments. Overexpression of DnAGL19 in Arabidopsis thaliana resulted in a small but significantly reduced time to bolting, suggesting that flowering time was slightly accelerated under normal growth conditions. Consistent with this, the A. thaliana APETELA1 (AP1) gene was expressed at an earlier stage in transgenic lines than in wild type plants, while the FLOWERING LOCUS T (FT) gene was suppressed, suggesting that altered regulations on these transcription factors caused the weak promotion of flowering. HIGH EXPRESSION OF OSMOTICALLY RESPONSIVE GENE 1 (HOS1) was slightly activated under the same conditions, suggesting that the HOS1-FT module may be involved in the DnAGL19-related network. Under vernalization conditions, FT expression was significantly upregulated, whereas HOS1 expression in the transgenic A. thaliana has a level similar to that in wild type. Taken together, these results suggest that DnAGL19 controls the action of the HOS1-FT module

  1. Overexpression of an orchid (Dendrobium nobile SOC1/TM3-like ortholog, DnAGL19, in Arabidopsis regulates HOS1-FT expression

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Xiao-ru eLiu

    2016-02-01

    Full Text Available Flowering in the appropriate season is critical for successful reproduction in angiosperms. The orchid species, Dendrobium nobile, requires vernalization to achieve flowering in the spring, but the underlying regulatory network has not been identified to date. The MADS-box transcription factor DnAGL19 was previously identified in a study of low-temperature treated D. nobile buds and was suggested to regulate vernalization-induced flowering. In this study, phylogenetic analysis of DnAGL9 and the MADS-box containing proteins showed that DnAGL19 is phylogenetically closely related to the SOC1-like protein from orchid Dendrobium Chao Parya Smile, DOSOC1. The orchid clade closed to but is not included into the SOC1-1/TM3 clades associated with either eudicots or monocots, suggesting that DnAGL19 is an SOC1-1/TM3-like ortholog. DnAGL19 was found to be highly expressed in pseudobulbs, leaves, roots and axillary buds but rarely in flowers, and to be substantially upregulated in axillary buds by prolonged low-temperature treatments. Overexpression of DnAGL19 in Arabidopsis thaliana resulted in a small but significantly reduced time to bolting, suggesting that flowering time was slightly accelerated under normal growth conditions. Consistent with this, the A. thaliana APETELA1 (AP1 gene was expressed at an earlier stage in transgenic lines than in wild type plants, while the FLOWERING LOCUS T (FT gene was suppressed, suggesting that altered regulations on these transcription factors caused the weak promotion of flowering. HIGH EXPRESSION OF OSMOTICALLY RESPONSIVE GENE 1 (HOS1 was slightly activated under the same conditions, suggesting that the HOS1-FT module may be involved in the DnAGL19-related network. Under vernalization conditions, FT expression was significantly upregulated, whereas HOS1 expression in the transgenic A. thaliana has a level similar to that in wild type. Taken together, these results suggest that DnAGL19 controls the action of the

  2. Vad underlättar respektive hindrar fysisk aktivitet hos personer med långvariga smärtor? : En kvalitativ intervjustudie

    OpenAIRE

    Strömbom, Johanna; Carlsson, Malin

    2014-01-01

    Titel: Vad underlättar respektive hindrar fysisk aktivitet hos personer med långvariga smärtor? – En kvalitativ intervjustudie. Författare: Malin Carlsson & Johanna Strömbom, Sjukgymnastprogrammet, Institutionen för Medicin och Hälsa (IMH), Linköpings universitet Handledare: Britt Larsson, Docent i yrkesmedicin, Lektor i klinisk smärtforskning, Institutionen för Medicin och Hälsa (IMH), Linköpings universitet. SAMMANFATTNING Bakgrund: Träning har visats ge positiva effekter på långvarig s...

  3. Overexpression of an Orchid (Dendrobium nobile) SOC1/TM3-Like Ortholog, DnAGL19, in Arabidopsis Regulates HOS1-FT Expression

    Science.gov (United States)

    Liu, Xiao-Ru; Pan, Ting; Liang, Wei-Qi; Gao, Lan; Wang, Xiao-Jing; Li, Hong-Qing; Liang, Shan

    2016-01-01

    Flowering in the appropriate season is critical for successful reproduction in angiosperms. The orchid species, Dendrobium nobile, requires vernalization to achieve flowering in the spring, but the underlying regulatory network has not been identified to date. The MADS-box transcription factor DnAGL19 was previously identified in a study of low-temperature treated D. nobile buds and was suggested to regulate vernalization-induced flowering. In this study, phylogenetic analysis of DnAGL9 and the MADS-box containing proteins showed that DnAGL19 is phylogenetically closely related to the SOC1-like protein from orchid Dendrobium Chao Parya Smile, DOSOC1. The orchid clade closed to but is not included into the SOC1-1/TM3 clades associated with either eudicots or monocots, suggesting that DnAGL19 is an SOC1-1/TM3-like ortholog. DnAGL19 was found to be highly expressed in pseudobulbs, leaves, roots, and axillary buds but rarely in flowers, and to be substantially upregulated in axillary buds by prolonged low-temperature treatments. Overexpression of DnAGL19 in Arabidopsis thaliana resulted in a small but significantly reduced time to bolting, suggesting that flowering time was slightly accelerated under normal growth conditions. Consistent with this, the A. thaliana APETELA1 (AP1) gene was expressed at an earlier stage in transgenic lines than in wild type plants, while the FLOWERING LOCUS T (FT) gene was suppressed, suggesting that altered regulations on these transcription factors caused the weak promotion of flowering. HIGH EXPRESSION OF OSMOTICALLY RESPONSIVE GENE 1 (HOS1) was slightly activated under the same conditions, suggesting that the HOS1-FT module may be involved in the DnAGL19-related network. Under vernalization conditions, FT expression was significantly upregulated, whereas HOS1 expression in the transgenic A. thaliana has a level similar to that in wild type. Taken together, these results suggest that DnAGL19 controls the action of the HOS1-FT module

  4. Depresjon etter slag – en undervurdert diagnose? - hvordan kan sykepleiere bidra til å forebygge depresjon hos pasient som har hatt apoplexia cerebri?

    OpenAIRE

    Bye, Terje; Skotte, Kjetil

    2010-01-01

    Oppgaven handler om hvordan sykepleiere kan bidra til å forebygge depresjon hos pasienter som har hatt apoplexia cerebri, en sykdom som for mange endrer livet radikalt. Vi ønsker med oppgaven å sette fokus på helhetlig sykepleie og på at sykepleier kan bidra til å styrke slagpasienters psykiske helse ved å være et medmenneske som tar i bruk sykepleiefaglige teknikker for å skape håp og optimisme. Først har vi kartlagt enkelt sykdomslæren rundt apoplexia cerebri. Deretter definert depresjon, r...

  5. Anaerobic Cultures from Preserved Tissues of Baby Mammoth

    Science.gov (United States)

    Pikuta, Elena V.; Hoover, Richard B.; Fisher, Daniel

    2011-01-01

    Microbiological analysis of several cold-preserved tissue samples from the Siberian baby mammoth known as Lyuba revealed a number of culturable bacterial strains that were grown on anaerobic media at 4 C. Lactic acid produced by LAB (lactic acid bacteria) group, usually by members of the genera Carnobacterium and Lactosphera, appears to be a wonderful preservative that prevents other bacteria from over-dominating a system. Permafrost and lactic acid preserved the body of this one-month old baby mammoth and kept it in exceptionally good condition, resulting in this mammoth being the most complete such specimen ever recovered. The diversity of novel anaerobic isolates was expressed on morphological, physiological and phylogenetic levels. Here we discuss the specifics of the isolation of new strains, differentiation from trivial contamination, and preliminary results for the characterization of cultures.

  6. Baby booms, busts, and population ageing in the developed world.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Reher, David S

    2015-01-01

    The key challenge facing contemporary society is a process of population ageing rooted mainly in past fertility cycles. The goals of the study reported in this paper were (i) to analyse jointly the post-1930s baby boom and the baby bust that followed, (ii) to consider the specific ways this particular combination influenced the process of ageing in different societies, and (iii) to evaluate some possible implications for policy of different historical experiences. Demographic time series for 27 nations in the developed world were used. The main results confirm the importance of the boom and bust fertility cycle of the second half of the twentieth century for population ageing. Some countries will experience ageing processes driven mainly by the growth of elderly populations while others will age largely as a result of declines in working-age populations. These differences underscore the need to tailor policy priorities for specific patterns of ageing.

  7. Anaerobic cultures from preserved tissues of baby mammoth

    Science.gov (United States)

    Pikuta, Elena V.; Fisher, Daniel; Hoover, Richard B.

    2011-10-01

    Microbiological analysis of several cold-preserved tissue samples from the Siberian baby mammoth known as Lyuba revealed a number of culturable bacterial strains that were grown on anaerobic media at 3 oC. Lactic acid produced by LAB (lactic acid bacteria) group, usually by members of the genera Carnobacterium and Lactosphera, appears to be a wonderful preservative that keeps other bacteria from colonizing a system. Permafrost and lactic acid preserved the body of this one month-old baby mammoth and kept it in exceptionally good condition, resulting in this mammoth being the most complete sample of the species ever recovered. The diversity of novel psychrophilic anaerobic isolates was expressed on morphological, physiological and phylogenetic levels. Here, we discuss the specifics of the isolation of new psychrophilic strains, differentiation from trivial contamination, and preliminary results for characterization of the cultures.

  8. Health benefits of encore careers for baby boomers.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Topiwala, Anya; Patel, Shivani; Ebmeier, Klaus P

    2014-05-01

    Baby boomers now represent an aging population group at risk of the diseases of older age. Their relatively high education, amongst other attributes, means that they can make a significant contribution to the work force beyond the statutory retirement age. On an individual level, potential health benefits may motivate them to pursue encore careers. We review some of the evidence supporting such a trend. Copyright © 2014 Elsevier Ireland Ltd. All rights reserved.

  9. Preventing baby bottle tooth decay: eight-year results.

    OpenAIRE

    Bruerd, B; Jones, C.

    1996-01-01

    Baby bottle tooth decay (BBTD) is a preventable dental disease that affects more than 50% of American Indian/Alaska Native (AI/AN) children. A community-oriented program to prevent BBTD was implemented in 12 AI/AN communities in 1986. In 1989, the overall prevalence of BBTD for the 12 sites combined decreased from 57% to 43% which represented a 25% reduction (P

  10. Baby bottle tooth decay and complications during pregnancy and delivery.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Peretz, B; Kafka, I

    1997-01-01

    The purpose of the study was to investigate an association between maternal and/or fetal complications during pregnancy and/or delivery and the occurrence of baby bottle tooth decay (BBTD) in the infant. The study population comprised 50 mothers of infants with BBTD (BBTD+ mothers): 50 mothers of aged-matched children with similar eating and bottle-use habits but without BBTD (BBTD-) served as comparisons. Interviews with the mothers focused on pregnancy complications (vaginal bleeding, premature uterine contractions, viral or bacterial infections, hospitalization, diabetes, or other causes of high-risk pregnancy), mode of delivery (normal or instrumental), fetal distress, gestational age, birth weight, and mother's age at delivery. Chi-square analysis and the Student's t-test were used to analyze the data. Pregnancy complications and instrument delivery/cesarean section were significantly higher in the BBTD+ group than in the controls (P = 0.0001 and P = 0.0004, respectively). In the BBTD+ group, vaginal bleeding/premature uterine contractions were most frequent (50%), while in the BBTD- group high-risk pregnancy dominated (20%). Normal deliveries were more frequent in the BBTD+ mothers (68%) than in the comparisons (40%). Gestational age and baby's birth weight did not differ between the two groups. The mean age of the BBTD+ mothers was significantly lower than that of the controls (P = 0.013). The results suggest that babies born after maternal complications during pregnancy or babies who experience a traumatic birth must be considered to be at risk of developing BBTD when exposed to excessive bottle nursing.

  11. Packaged baby and toddler foods: questions of sugar and sodium.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Elliott, C D; Conlon, M J

    2015-04-01

    Sugar and sodium levels in packaged foods is a critical consideration when it comes to the public health of Americans, yet little is known about the sugar and salt contained in packaged foods targeted at our youngest consumers. To examine the sugar and sodium content of packaged baby and toddler foods sold in the American marketplace and to evaluate them in light of current intake recommendations and the current policy context. Content analysis of baby and toddler foods (n = 240) found in nine US retail stores. Summary statistics were created for sugar and sodium; the products' per-serving sodium levels were assessed in light of the US Institute of Medicine's dietary reference intakes while the products' sugar levels were evaluated in light of American Heart Association recommendations. Fifty-eight percent of the products assessed either have a high level of sodium or >20% of calories from sugar. Sodium levels in toddler foods were of concern in certain product categories (i.e., toddler entrées) and 15% of toddler foods exceeded the 'moderate level' recommended for sodium. Sugar levels were high in 45% of the products coded, and over half of those products - 56% - were designed for babies. More than one in six products had sugar as the first or second ingredient. Baby and toddler foods are not, by definition, 'healthy' foods and some exceed normal expectations for sugar and sodium. A policy opportunity exists to consider placing limits on the allowable levels of sugar and sodium in these packaged food products. © 2014 The Authors. Pediatric Obesity © 2014 International Association for the Study of Obesity.

  12. [Blastocystis hominis infection in a baby with food allergy].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Smirnova, M O; Ruzhitskaia, E A; Pampura, A N; Prodeus, T V

    2010-01-01

    The paper describes a rare manifestation of Blastocystis hominis infection in a 3-month-old baby with food allergy that appeared as atopic dermatitis and coloproctitis induced by food proteins (cow's milk, hen's egg). The fact that food allergy may be one of the predisposing factors in the development of clinical manifestations of B. hominis infection is discussed. The assumption that the amoeboid form of blastocysts accompanies the clinical manifestation of the infection is confirmed.

  13. Prevalence and outcome of macrosomic babies admitted to special ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    ABEOLUGBENGAS

    group, thirteen (21.3%) babies had perinatal complications; 3.3% had birth injuries and sepsis each, 13.1 ... Nigeria. Macrosomie a été défini Comme le poids de naissance de 4.0kg et au-dessus. Il est un facteur a. Res. J. of Health Sci. Vol 3(1). January/March 2015. 32 ... mothers (2,7); methods used in utero for.

  14. US consumer attitudes toward sodium in baby and toddler foods.

    Science.gov (United States)

    John, Katherine A; Cogswell, Mary E; Zhao, Lixia; Maalouf, Joyce; Gunn, Janelle P; Merritt, Robert K

    2016-08-01

    Dietary data from a nationally representative survey indicate about 80% of US toddlers aged 1-3 years consume too much dietary sodium, which can influence their preference for salty foods in later life. Information on consumer attitudes can inform strategies to reduce sodium in baby and toddler foods. Data were obtained from a 2012 online survey sent to a sample of 11636 US adults aged ≥18 years enrolled in a national probability-based consumer panel; 6378 completed the survey and had non-missing responses to the question of interest, "It is important for baby and toddler foods to be low in sodium." Prevalence of agreement was estimated. Logistic regression was used to describe associations of respondent characteristics with agreement. The majority of respondents were non-Hispanic white and had a household income ≥$60,000. About 7 in 10 (68%, 95% CI: 66%-70%) respondents agreed it is important for baby or toddler foods to be low in sodium. More than 6 of 10 respondents in most subgroups agreed. Among parents with a child currently aged <2 years (N = 390), 82% agreed (95% CI: 77%-87%); the highest agreement included parents who thought sodium was very harmful to their own health (92%, 95% CI: 85%-99%) or who were watching/reducing their own sodium intake (95%, 95% CI: 90%-100%). After adjusting for sex, age, race-ethnicity, agreement was most strongly associated with being a parent of a child <2 years, thinking sodium was harmful, and watching/reducing sodium intake (adjusted odds ratios ≥ 2.5, 95% CI's ≠1.0). The majority of respondents including most parents agreed it is important for baby and toddler foods to be low in sodium, suggesting wide consumer support for strategies to lower sodium in these foods. Published by Elsevier Ltd.

  15. Ultradian components of the sleep-wake cycle in babies.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Menna-Barreto, L; Benedito-Silva, A A; Marques, N; de Andrade, M M; Louzada, F

    1993-04-01

    Behavioral states may be analyzed as expressions of underlying cyclic activity involving several physiological systems. The human sleep-wake cycle in the first year of life shows, in addition to the establishment of circadian rhythmicity around the second month, the dynamics of its ultradian components, as can be seen in the more or less gradual decline of the polyphasic pattern. To detect these changes, we have analyzed the sleep-wake cycle of five babies of different ages (3, 4, 9, 11, and 13 months) observed for 5 consecutive days (Monday through Friday), 10 h (08:00-18:00 h) per day at a kindergarten by the first author, and during the night (18:00-08:00 h) by the parents. Behavioral observations were designed for minimizing interference with the babies' habits. Sleep/wake data were arranged in 60-min intervals, and the relative amount of time spent asleep per interval constituted the time series submitted for statistical analysis. The five resulting time series were submitted to spectral analysis for detecting the composition of frequencies contributing to the observed sleep/wake cycle. Several frequencies were thus obtained for each baby in the ultradian and circadian domain, ranging from one cycle in 2.0 h to one cycle in 24 h. The circadian component was the strongest rhythmic influence for all individuals except for the youngest (3-month-old) baby, who showed a semicircadian component as the main frequency in the power spectrum. Three individuals showed ultradian frequencies in the domain of 3-4 h. Differences in the spectra derive from three possible, and probably not exclusive, causes: 1) ontogenetic changes, 2) different masking effects, and 3) individual differences.

  16. Finnish Baby Boomers and the Emergence of the Third Age

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Antti Karisto

    2008-04-01

    Full Text Available This paper examines the lives of baby boomers in Finland, and is based on several studies previously published in Finnish. The article considers the particular characteristics of this group of baby boomers. It then discusses whether the baby boom cohorts can also be called a generation. Following this, the life course of the boomer generation is contrasted with various images that have appeared in the media and elsewhere about their lives. Boomers have been presented as a radical’ or ‘selfish’ generation. This article proposes two new themes: boomers as a crossroads generation and boomers as a bridging generation. The paper also considers the emergence of the third age as approached from a generational perspective. The third age has been defined as a generational field underpinned by agency and consumption, with its roots in the youth culture of the post-war decades. This characterization is also highly relevant to the Finnish case, but needs to be elaborated by taking into account socio-historical knowledge of the distinctive life course of the boomer generation.

  17. Health and Functioning Among Baby Boomers Approaching 60

    Science.gov (United States)

    Freedman, Vicki A.; Schoeni, Robert F.; Andreski, Patricia M.

    2009-01-01

    Objective To investigate whether the health and functioning of the Baby Boom generation are better or worse than those of previous cohorts in middle age. Methods Trend analysis of vital statistics and self-reports from the National Health Interview Survey for the 40–59 population. Specific outcomes (years of data): mortality (1982–2004); poor or fair health (1982–2006); nine conditions (1997–2006); physical functional limitations (1997–2006); and needing help with personal care, routine needs, or either (1997–2006). Results In 2005, the mortality rate of 59-year-olds, the leading edge of the Baby Boom, was 31% lower than that of 59-year-olds in 1982 (8.3 vs. 12.1 per 1,000). There was a similar proportional decline in poor/fair health, but the decline reversed in the last decade. From 1997 to 2006, the prevalence of reports of four conditions increased significantly, but this trend may reflect improvements in diagnosis and treatment. Functional limitations and need for help with routine needs were stable, but the need for help with personal care, while quite low, increased. Discussion Trends varied by indicator, period, and age. It is surprising that, given the socioeconomic, medical, and public health advantages of Baby Boomers throughout their lives, they are not doing considerably better on all counts. PMID:19299256

  18. Support for baby-boom retirees--not to worry.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Vatter, H G; Walker, J F

    1998-03-01

    Flaws in the discussion of the baby-boom retiree problem make the Social Security problem seem worse than it really is. Problems include the overwhelming emphasis upon fiscal and related financial aspects at the expense of consideration of the output of goods and services, and the almost total neglect of projected real income and productivity rises. Rather, baby-boom retirees can be coped with on the basis of hypothetically reasonable projected magnitudes. It is currently being argued that the future US economy cannot provide Social Security support for the upcoming baby-boom retirees. However, people who support such an argument fail to consider the main determinant of capacity to support. That determinant is the historically established rise in productivity as expressed in per capita output or output per hour of the employed population. Maintaining Social Security pension support through 2030 involves little to no strain upon society, while abolishing such support would cause considerable strain. The authors describe who Social Security supports now and in the future, and explain the capacity of US society to fund Social Security in the decades ahead.

  19. [Brazilian guidelines for marketing baby food: history, limitations and perspectives].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Monteiro, Renata

    2006-05-01

    The objective of this paper is to present and discuss Brazilian policy concerning actions to protect breastfeeding, especially the history, international and national background, limitations, and perspectives of the Brazilian Guidelines for the Marketing of Baby Food, Pacifiers and Bottles. The Brazilian Guidelines, which play a crucial role in protecting breastfeeding against industry marketing strategies, were based on the International Code of Marketing of Breastmilk Substitutes, proposed by the World Health Organization in 1981. The first version of the Brazilian Guidelines was released in 1988, and there were subsequent revisions in 1992 and 2001/2002. In 2006, the Guidelines became national law. However, the strides made over this period in terms of regulation have been few because the law is not always observed. Thus, it is essential that all actors involved, including government officials, manufacturers and sellers of baby food and other baby products, teaching and health professionals and their associations, international bodies, and non-governmental organizations make a commitment to enforce the current law.

  20. Derajat Keparahan Patologi Usus Dan Paru Babi Penderita Kolibasilosis

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Hendrina Konda M Meha

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available Kolibasilosis merupakan penyakit pada babi ditandai dengan adanya diare putih dan dapat menyebabkan kematian. Penyakit ini disebabkan oleh Enterotoxigenic Escherichia coli. Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk mengetahui variasi histopatologi derajat keparahan gambaran usus dan paru babi penderita kolibasilosis. Penelitian ini menggunakan 21 sampel preparat histolopatologi kolibalosis yang telah terkonfirmasi positif dengan isolasi dan identifikasi E. coli pada media Eosin Methylene Blue Agar (EMBA. Sampel tersebut diambil dari kasus kolibasilosis yang masuk ke Laboratorium Patologi Veteriner Fakultas Kedokteran Hewan Universitas Udayana dari tahun 2009-2013. Preparat diperiksa dibawah mikroskop dengan pembesaran 10X, 40X dan 100X, pada 5 lapang pandang mikroskopik. Variasi derajat perubahan histopatologi yang diamati berupa kongesti, peradangan dan perdarahan dikaitkan dengan umur babi penderita kolibasilosis yaitu umur dibawah 2 minggu, 2-4 minggu dan diatas 4 minggu. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan variasi kongesti dan infiltrasi sel radang pada usus tertinggi terjadi pada umur dibawah 2 minggu sedangkan infiltrasi sel radang pada organ paru tertinggi terjadi pada umur dibawah 2 minggu. Lesi kongesti tertinggi terjadi pada umur 2-4 minggu dibandingkan umur diatas 4 minggu. Dari hasil penelitian ini disimpulkan bahwa keparahan lesi histopatologi dipengaruhi oleh faktor umur, dimana semakin meningkatnya umur semakin menurun keparahan kolibasilosis.

  1. Development of the e-Baby serious game with regard to the evaluation of oxygenation in preterm babies: contributions of the emotional design.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Fonseca, Luciana Mara Monti; Dias, Danielle Monteiro Vilela; Góes, Fernanda Dos Santos Nogueira; Seixas, Carlos Alberto; Scochi, Carmen Gracinda Silvan; Martins, José Carlos Amado; Rodrigues, Manuel Alves

    2014-09-01

    The present study aimed to describe the development process of a serious game that enables users to evaluate the respiratory process in a preterm infant based on an emotional design model. The e-Baby serious game was built to feature the simulated environment of an incubator, in which the user performs a clinical evaluation of the respiratory process in a virtual preterm infant. The user learns about the preterm baby's history, chooses the tools for the clinical evaluation, evaluates the baby, and determines whether his/her evaluation is appropriate. The e-Baby game presents phases that contain respiratory process impairments of higher or lower complexity in the virtual preterm baby. Included links give the user the option of recording the entire evaluation procedure and sharing his/her performance on a social network. e-Baby integrates a Clinical Evaluation of the Preterm Baby course in the Moodle virtual environment. This game, which evaluates the respiratory process in preterm infants, could support a more flexible, attractive, and interactive teaching and learning process that includes simulations with features very similar to neonatal unit realities, thus allowing more appropriate training for clinical oxygenation evaluations in at-risk preterm infants. e-Baby allows advanced user-technology-educational interactions because it requires active participation in the process and is emotionally integrated.

  2. [Influence of prophylactic information on the frequency of baby blues].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kleeb, B; Rageth, C J

    2005-02-01

    Baby blues, a mood alteration, occurs in 30 to 80 % of the women during the first two weeks after childbirth. We evaluated if the frequency of baby blues can be influenced by oral and written information about these mood alterations. We wanted to find out whether information about postpartum depression could make these woman realize their own possible depression and therefore seek professional help more rapidly. In a prospective randomized study German-speaking women were randomized on the second or third day after childbirth in our institution into an "information group" and a "control group". The first group was given oral and written information about baby blues and postpartum depression. Both groups were evaluated by Edinburgh Postpartum Depression Scale (EPDS) translated into German 3 days, 6 weeks and 3 months postpartum, by a visual-analogue questionnaire covering the first 6 weeks and by a self-report covering the whole period postpartum after 3 months. We obtained valuable information from 169 women. Only 12 (15 %) women of the "information group" experienced a baby blues vs. 25 (29 %) of the "control group" (RR 0.55, P = 0,027, CI 0.28 - 0.93). Concerning postpartum depression, no significant difference could be seen. The percentage of scores above 11 in the EPDS around birth was 8.5 % vs. 9.3 % in the information vs. control group. 6 weeks after birth the percentages were 7.5 vs. 7.1 % and 12 weeks after birth they were 7.3 % vs. 8.0 %. Of the women considering themselves as depressive by self evaluation 3 months postpartum, only a few sought help from a specialist: 7 of 13 in the Information vs. 4 of 14 in the control group. The difference is not statistically significant. We conclude that oral and written information about baby blues given postpartum can be an effective instrument to lower its frequency. No difference in postpartum depression could be registered - either in prevalence or in seeking professional help.

  3. Mindful with Your Baby: Feasibility, Acceptability, and Effects of a Mindful Parenting Group Training for Mothers and Their Babies in a Mental Health Context.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Potharst, Eva S; Aktar, Evin; Rexwinkel, Marja; Rigterink, Margo; Bögels, Susan M

    2017-01-01

    Many mothers experience difficulties after the birth of a baby. Mindful parenting may have benefits for mothers and babies, because it can help mothers regulate stress, and be more attentive towards themselves and their babies, which may have positive effects on their responsivity. This study examined the effectiveness of Mindful with your baby, an 8-week mindful parenting group training for mothers with their babies. The presence of the babies provides on-the-spot practicing opportunities and facilitates generalization of what is learned. Forty-four mothers with their babies (0-18 months), who were referred to a mental health clinic because of elevated stress or mental health problems of the mother, infant (regulation) problems, or mother-infant interaction problems, participated in 10 groups, each comprising of three to six mother-baby dyads. Questionnaires were administered at pretest, posttest, 8-week follow-up, and 1-year follow-up. Dropout rate was 7%. At posttest, 8-week follow-up, and 1-year follow-up, a significant improvement was seen in mindfulness, self-compassion, mindful parenting, (medium to large effects), as well as in well-being, psychopathology, parental confidence, responsivity, and hostility (small to large effects). Parental stress and parental affection only improved at the first and second follow-ups, respectively (small to medium effects), and maternal attention and rejection did not change. The infants improved in their positive affectivity (medium effect) but not in other aspects of their temperament. Mindful with your baby is a promising intervention for mothers with babies who are referred to mental health care because of elevated stress or mental health problems, infant (regulation) problems, or mother-infant interaction problems.

  4. Læring i praksis. Tilrettelegging for å fremme refleksjonskompetanse og læringsutbytte hos studenter i praksis. Erfaringer fra en pilotstudie.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Kari Høium

    2009-02-01

    Full Text Available Studien belyser erfaringer med en tilpasset veiledningsmodell i gruppe, for å styrke profesjonell kompetanse hos vernepleiestudenter i praksis. Intervensjonen er gjennomført i forhold til 32 bachelorstudenter fra tre ulike kull. Den tar utgangspunkt i en obligatorisk veiledningsgruppe som foregår inne på høgskolen, midtveis i en av deres praksisperioder. Hovedmålsettingen var å se i hvilken grad veiledningsmodellen bidro til utbytte og læringseffekt i forhold til målsetting for praksisperioden. Et annet mål med studien har vært å skaffe erfaringer med hvordan refleksjon og kritisk tenkning kan læres gjennom praktisk student veiledning. Resultater fra undersøkelsen viste at den tilpassede veiledningsmodellen som her ble benyttet, bidro til å fremme refleksjonskompetanse og læringsutbytte hos studentene. Dette gir grunnlag for videre optimisme med tanke på å styrke vernepleiestudentenes læring og profesjonelle kompetanse. Betydningen forsterkes ved at refleksjonskompetanse fremheves som en sentral kvalitetsvariabel, både fra myndighetene og fra fagfeltet. En videre utfordring vil være å raffinere modellen ytterligere med tanke på utprøving og tilpasset implementering gjennom ulike praksisperioder i studiet.

  5. Trofiske skift og fysiske faktorer i væksten hos Færøske torsk (Gadus morhua) undersøgt ved brug af stabile isotoper

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Munk-Nielsen, Jens; Christensen, Jens Tang; Grønkjær, P.

    -2010), og 2) ved undersøgelse af stabile isotoper over en periode på 20 år (1991-2010). År med større vækst ringbredde i otolitten, forbindes med optimale betingelser, mens små ringbredder forbindes med ugunstige år. Ændringerne i otolitterne er et konservativt estimat for variation i vækst, og har derfor...... en mindre amplitude i variationen af ringbredde end direkte vækst målinger. Over hele vækstkronologien ses en negativ udvikling i væksten hos torsk, dog afbrudt af kortere perioder med positiv vækst. De stabile isotop prøver udtages fra hele otolitter fra 5 år gamle torsk. Fra protein delen af...... omgivelser torsken har oplevet, især den omgivende temperatur. Karbon signalet fra den uorganiske del af otolitten vil blive sammenlignet med værdierne i protein delen. De stabile isotop-værdier, samt vækst data vil blive analyseret for at se sammenhængen mellem klimaet og væksten hos torsk. Både lokalt, med...

  6. Umbilical cord blood nutrients in low birth weight babies in relation to birth weight & gestational age.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Elizabeth, K E; Krishnan, Viji; Vijayakumar, T

    2008-08-01

    Low birth weight (LBW) babies are a vulnerable group and represent two outcomes--preterm birth (preterm LBW) and term with intrauterine growth retardation (term LBW). LBW babies are considered to have low nutrient reserve, but the extent of deficiency as compared to the normal babies and the differences between preterm LBW and term LBW are unclear. This study was carried out to look at key anthropometric, biochemical and clinical (ABC) parameters of LBW babies, both preterm and term, in comparison to a control group of term normal weight babies. A group of 500 babies was selected at birth from a tertiary care teaching hospital and categorized into LBW (n = 251) with preterm LBW (n = 59), term LBW (n = 192) and term controls (n = 249). Two controls were dropped as tests could not be performed in the available cord blood sample. Key anthropometric and biochemical parameters were measured. Socio-economic status, age, parity, height and pre-delivery haemoglobin of the mothers were also recorded. The maternal characteristics were comparable in the three groups. Socio-economically, majority of them belonged to lower middle or upper lower class (Class III and IV) representing the non affluent. All the anthropometric measurements and nutrients measured namely total protein, albumin, cholesterol, triglycerides, calcium, magnesium, zinc and iron were significantly lower in LBW babies compared to term control babies. These values were lowest in preterm LBW followed by term LBW. Total iron binding capacity (TIBC) showed inverse association with iron. Some of the babies including control babies had protein, albumin, calcium and iron below the normal range and mean albumin, calcium and iron levels were below the normal range in all the three subsets. Preterm and term LBW babies are born with significantly lower nutrient reserves at birth compared to term control babies. Normal weight babies from the non affluent sections also have low nutrients especially albumin, calcium and

  7. Comparison between swinging and playing of white noise among colicky babies: A paired randomised controlled trial.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sezici, Emel; Yigit, Deniz

    2017-06-15

    This study aimed to compare the effects of swinging and playing of white noise on the crying and sleeping durations of colicky babies. Infantile colic (IC) is one of the most common reasons for doctor visits among babies younger than 3 months. One of five babies older than 3 months also experiences IC. IC, unlike gastrointestinal problems, is regarded as an individual differentiation and maturation of the central nervous system. Providing a warm bath, breastfeeding, swinging and playing of white noise are nonpharmacological methods. The efficiency of these methods has been proven by various studies independently of one another. The study is a prospective, multicentre, paired randomised controlled trial. The study was conducted between April-December 2016. The study sample consisted of 40 1-month-old babies with gas pains who passed a hearing screening and their mothers. The total daily crying and sleeping durations of the babies were determined without any intervention on the first week. On the second week, 20 randomly selected babies (first group) were swung each time they cried, and on the third week, they were made to listen to white noise. The other 20 babies (second group) were made to listen to white noise on the second week and were swung on the third week. Swinging and playing of white noise were performed until the babies stopped crying. After every intervention, the total crying and sleeping durations of the babies were evaluated using a "Colicky Baby's Diary." Playing of white noise significantly decreased the daily crying durations (p white noise was found to be a more effective nonpharmacological method on crying and sleeping durations of colicky babies than swinging. Playing of white noise may be helpful for parents and healthcare personnel in reducing the gas pains of babies. © 2017 John Wiley & Sons Ltd.

  8. [Supporting the progress of preterm babies with breastfeeding due to a behavior scale].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Petit, Isabelle; Grattepanche, Catherine

    2012-01-01

    Preterm babies' breastfeeding skills vary from one child to the next, but they can develop very early. Knowledge around this subject now allows each mother and baby to be given individualized support on the long and difficult road from the feeding tube to the breast. The adaptation of the Preterm Infant Breastfeeding Behavior Scale into a diagram provides a visual assessment of the baby's skills.

  9. Umbilical cord blood plasma vitamin A levels in low birth weight (LBW) babies.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Adhikari, K M; Somani, B L; Kalra, Suprita; Mathai, S S; Arora, M M

    2011-04-01

    Role of vitamin A in reducing the mortality in infants more than six months of age is well known. Supplementing newborn infants with vitamin A within 48 hours of birth reduces infant mortality by almost a quarter, with the greatest benefit to those of low birth weight (LBW). Studies that could highlight deficiency states in neonates, particularly LBW babies by objective measurement of vitamin A levels would help in formulating the recommendations to supplement these babies with vitamin A. Cord blood plasma vitamin A levels of 154 LBW babies with birth weight in the range of 1505-2455 were analysed for plasma vitamin A (retinol) levels by HPLC method. Samples of 55 babies with normal birth weight were also analysed. LBW babies were divided into two subgroups of preterm LBW and LBW-term small for gestational age (SGA). Of the 154 babies with LBW, 92 were preterm LBW and 52 were LBW-term SGA. Mean cord blood plasma vitamin A levels were significantly lower in the preterm LBW group (n = 92) compared to levels observed in babies with normal birth weight (n = 55) and LBW-term SGA subgroups (n = 62). There was no significant difference in the mean vitamin A values between the normal birth weight babies and LBW-term SGA group. There was significant positive correlation of cord blood vitamin A levels with birth weight in the entire set of (n = 154) LBW babies (r=0.37, P cord blood vitamin A levels in the preterm LBW babies. The level of vitamin A in LBW babies also correlated with their birth weight. There are enough evidence to support causative association between vitamin A deficiency state and neonatal morbidity. Simple interventions like vitamin A supplementation during a crucial stage of an infant's life may be beneficial in the long run. There is a need to establish norms for vitamin A levels and seriously examine the role of vitamin A supplementation for LBW babies during the immediate postnatal period.

  10. Talking to neuro-baby; Onsei de Ningen to komyunikeshon dekiru robotikusu ato:nyuro beibi

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Tosa, N. [Musashino Art Univ., Tokyo (Japan). Faculty of Formative

    1995-04-10

    Neuro-baby is an electronic living being having a face of a human baby and can communicate with the human being with a voice. Irrespective to human, one can talk with neuro-baby by switching on the button whenever you like to talk. If one does not like to talk with the baby you can make the switch off. It is a digital living being that can die anytime and can back to life always. The artistic concept of neuro-baby, interactive function, design method of the nature of neuro-baby and study of the relation of the voice and feelings are described. Again, network neuro-baby, neuro-baby that responses to anybody beyond the language barrier developed by joint collaboration with Fujitsu Laboratories Ltd., is introduced. Birth of such kind of neuro-baby is a media art with a system itself as a artistic work, and in future it may expand to the development of common language which can be understood by the people of the world. 5 refs., 6 figs.

  11. Effect on skin hydration of using baby wipes to clean the napkin area of newborn babies: assessor-blinded randomised controlled equivalence trial.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lavender, Tina; Furber, Christine; Campbell, Malcolm; Victor, Suresh; Roberts, Ian; Bedwell, Carol; Cork, Michael J

    2012-06-01

    Some national guidelines recommend the use of water alone for napkin cleansing. Yet, there is a readiness, amongst many parents, to use baby wipes. Evidence from randomised controlled trials, of the effect of baby wipes on newborn skin integrity is lacking. We conducted a study to examine the hypothesis that the use of a specifically formulated cleansing wipe on the napkin area of newborn infants (babies (n=280), recruited within 48 hours of birth, were randomly assigned to have their napkin area cleansed with an alcohol-free baby wipe (140 babies) or cotton wool and water (140 babies). Primary outcome was change in hydration from within 48 hours of birth to 4 weeks post-birth. Secondary outcomes comprised changes in trans-epidermal water loss, skin surface pH and erythema, presence of microbial skin contaminants/irritants at 4 weeks and napkin dermatitis reported by midwife at 4 weeks and mother during the 4 weeks. Complete hydration data were obtained for 254 (90.7 %) babies. Wipes were shown to be equivalent to water and cotton wool in terms of skin hydration (intention-to-treat analysis: wipes 65.4 (SD 12.4) vs. water 63.5 (14.2), p=0.47, 95% CI -2.5 to 4.2; per protocol analysis: wipes 64.6 (12.4) vs. water 63.6 (14.3), p=0.53, 95% CI -2.4 to 4.2). No significant differences were found in the secondary outcomes, except for maternal-reported napkin dermatitis, which was higher in the water group (p=0.025 for complete responses). Baby wipes had an equivalent effect on skin hydration when compared with cotton wool and water. We found no evidence of any adverse effects of using these wipes. These findings offer reassurance to parents who choose to use baby wipes and to health professionals who support their use. Current Controlled Trials ISRCTN86207019.

  12. The experiences of mothers who lost a baby during pregnancy

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    A GW Nolte

    2007-02-01

    Full Text Available The purpose of this study was to explore and describe the experiences of mothers who lost a baby during pregnancy and care given by doctors and midwives during this period. Opsomming Die doel van die studie was om die ervaring van moeders met betrekking tot die dood van ‘n baba tydens swangerskap te verken en te beskryf, asook die versorging wat hulle van vroedvroue en dokters gedurende die periode ontvang het. *Please note: This is a reduced version of the abstract. Please refer to PDF for full text.

  13. Australian baby boomers face retirement during the global financial crisis.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kendig, Hal; Wells, Yvonne; O'Loughlin, Kate; Heese, Karla

    2013-01-01

    This paper examines the impact in Australia of the global financial crisis on the baby boom cohort approaching later life. Data from national focus groups of people aged 50 to 64 years (N = 73), conducted in late 2008, found widespread but variable concern and uncertainty concerning work and retirement plans and experiences. A national survey (N = 1,009) of those aged 50 to 64 years in mid-2009 reported lower levels of financial satisfaction compared with other life domains; many planned to postpone retirement. Findings are interpreted in the context of policies and markets that differed significantly from those in the United States, notwithstanding the global nature of the financial crisis.

  14. Baby Boomers and Beds: a Demographic Challenge for the Ages.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Song, Zirui; Ferris, Timothy G

    2017-12-22

    The United States is facing a significant demographic transition, with about 10,000 baby boomers turning age 65 each day. At the same time, the nation is experiencing a similarly striking transition in hospital capacity, as the supply of hospital beds has declined in recent decades. The juxtaposition of population aging and hospital capacity portends a potentially widening divergence between supply and demand for hospital care. We provide a closer look at current hospital capacity and a rethinking of the future role of hospital beds in meeting the needs of an aging population.

  15. Baby bottle tooth decay: a concern for all mothers.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Von Burg, M M; Sanders, B J; Weddell, J A

    1995-01-01

    Health care professionals often inappropriately separate dental health from other health functions. Baby bottle tooth decay (BBTD) should be a concern for all professionals who work with expectant or new mothers and very young children. Research indicates that even though many mothers are aware of the etiology of the condition, they continue to allow prolonged nursing with milk or liquids other than water. Nurses can help promote good oral health for children by educating and training expectant and new mothers, children, and others who work with mothers and children in preventing BBTD.

  16. Successful birth of the first frozen oocyte baby in India

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Priya Selvaraj

    2009-01-01

    Full Text Available We report the first pregnancy and birth in India after the transfer of embryos generated from frozen- thawed oocytes. A 29-year-old woman with previous bad obstetric history and an abnormal karyotype, necessitating donor oocyte programme. Embryos were generated by microinjection of frozen-thawed sperms into thawed human oocytes (intracytoplasmic sperm injection. This resulted in an healthy male baby with a birth weight of 2.54 kg which was born by cesarean section at 35-36 weeks of gestation with normal follow-up. Thus oocyte cryopreservation can be performed with reproducible success leading to a viable offspring.

  17. Analysis of residual vulcanization accelerators in baby bottle rubber teats.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Yamazaki, T; Inoue, T; Yamada, T; Tanimura, A

    1986-01-01

    An analytical method was established for the determination of dialkyldithiocarbamates (DTCs) in chloroform-acetone extracts from rubber teats for baby bottles. DTCs in the extracts were derivatized into ethyl esters and analysed by gas chromatography employing nitrogen-phosphorus detection. Dimethyldithiocarbamate and diethyldithiocarbamate were detected at levels up to 3.2 micrograms/g rubber and up to 4.6 micrograms/g rubber (as dithiocarbamic acid), respectively, in the extracts from commercially available isoprene rubber tests. DTCs can form secondary amines by acid hydrolysis, although the levels of DTCs in the extracts only made a minor contribution to the total level of measured secondary amine precursors.

  18. Baby MIND: A Magnetised Spectrometer for the WAGASCI Experiment

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Antonova, M.; et al.

    2017-04-26

    The WAGASCI experiment being built at the J-PARC neutrino beam line will measure the difference in cross sections from neutrinos interacting with a water and scintillator targets, in order to constrain neutrino cross sections, essential for the T2K neutrino oscillation measurements. A prototype Magnetised Iron Neutrino Detector (MIND), called Baby MIND, is being constructed at CERN to act as a magnetic spectrometer behind the main WAGASCI target to be able to measure the charge and momentum of the outgoing muon from neutrino charged current interactions.

  19. Planning for the baby boomers' healthcare needs: a case study.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Albert, Terri C; Johnson, Edward; Gasperino, Daniel; Tokatli, Pinar

    2003-01-01

    Will the impact of baby boomers, as they age, be a bonanza or a bust for the healthcare system? A range of perspectives prevail, from increasing in-patient admissions capacity to accommodate the sheer numbers, to the creation of a variety of healthcare services and delivery channels that address their unique requirements. This case study presents a top 100, regional hospital's approach to this dilemma. The strategic marketing process using segmentation, targeting, and positioning (STP) was employed to guide the administration's planning and decision making.

  20. Baby blues -työn yhteistyökumppaneiden käsityksiä baby blues -työstä

    OpenAIRE

    Anttila, Marika; Niemi, Saara

    2014-01-01

    Opinnäytetyö tarkastelee baby blues -työn yhteistyökumppaneiden käsityksiä baby blues -työstä. Opinnäytetyömme tarkoituksena on lisätä tietoisuutta Kymenlaakson Ensi- ja turvakotiyhdistyksen ja heidän yhteistyökumppaneidensa välillä. Opinnäytetyön tarkoituksena on myös selvittää onko baby blues -työn tietoisuudella seutukunnallisia eroja. Tutkimus toteutettiin teemahaastattelulla. Aineisto kerättiin haastattelemalla lastenohjaajaa, kahta terveydenhoitajaa sekä kolmea perhetyöntekijää. H...

  1. Plasticizers in total diet samples, baby food and infant formulae

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Petersen, Jens Højslev; Breindahl, T.

    2000-01-01

    The plasticizers di-n-butylphthalate (DBP), butylbenzylphthalate (BBP), di-2-(ethylhexyl)phthalate (DEHP) and di-2-(ethylhexyl)adipate (DEHA) were analysed in 29 total diet samples, in 11 samples of baby food and in 11 samples of infant formulae. In all of the total diet samples the presence of one...... or more of the plasticizers was demonstrated. Maximum and minimum mean concentrations in the total diet samples were: 0.09-0.19 mg DBP/kg, 0.017-0.019 mg BBP/kg, 0.11-0.18 mg DEHP/kg and 0.13-0.14 mg DEHA/kg. One or more of the phthalates was also found in about 50% of the samples of baby food as well...... as in infant formulae. The calculated mean maximum intakes of the individual compounds from the total diet samples were below 10% of the restrictions proposed by the EU Scientific Committee for Food (SCF), and the spread in individual intakes was considerable. DEHP was the plasticizer determined most...

  2. Shaken baby syndrome: pathogenetic mechanism, clinical features and preventive aspects.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Vitale, A; Vicedomini, D; Vega, G R; Greco, N; Messi, G

    2012-12-01

    The shaken baby syndrome (SBS) is an extremely serious form of child abuse and a leading cause of death and disability in childhood. The syndrome usually occurs in infants younger than 1 year when a parent or a care-giver tries to stop the baby from crying by vigorous manual shaking. The repetitive oscillations with rotational acceleration of the head can result in injuries of both vascular and neuronal structures. The most frequent injuries associated with SBS include encephalopathy, retinal hemorrhages, and subdural hemorrhage. Fractures of the vertebrae, long bones, and ribs may also be associated with the syndrome. Victims of abuse have various presenting signs and symptoms ranging from irritability, decreased responsiveness and lethargy to convulsions, and death. Diagnosis is often difficult because usually parents or caregivers not tell the truth about what has happened to their child and because usually there is no external evidence of trauma. However, the syndrome might be suspected if the information provided are vague or changing and when the child presents with retinal hemorrhages, subdural hematoma, or fractures that cannot be explained by accidental trauma or other medical conditions. Of infants who are victims of SBS, approximately 15% to 38% die and 30% are at risk of long-term neurologic sequelae, including cognitive and behavioural disturbances, motor and visual deficits, learning deficits and epilepsy. Parents and caregivers must be warned about the dangers of shaking infants.

  3. Using baby books to increase new mothers' safety practices.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Reich, Stephanie M; Penner, Emily K; Duncan, Greg J

    2011-01-01

    To determine whether educational baby books are an effective method for increasing low-income, first-time mothers' safety practices during their child's first 18 months. Primiparous women (n = 167) were randomly assigned to 1 of 3 groups: an educational book group, a noneducational book group, or a no-book group. Home visits and interviews measured safety practices when women were in their third trimester of pregnancy (baseline) and when their children were 2, 4, 6, 9, 12, and 18 months of age. Women in the educational book group had fewer risks in their homes and exercised more safety practices than the no-book group (- 20% risk reduction; effect size = -.30). When the safety practices involved little time or expense (eg, putting away sharp objects), the educational book group was significantly more likely to engage in these behaviors than the no-book group (40% higher practices; effect size = 0.19) or noneducational book group (27% higher practices; effect size = 0.13). However, no differences were found between groups for behaviors that required high effort in time, money, or hassle (eg, installing latches on cabinets). Educational baby books appear to be an easy and low-cost way to increase the safety practices of new mothers, especially if the practices involve little to no time, money, or hassle. Copyright © 2011 Academic Pediatric Association. Published by Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

  4. Compromised Agency: The Case of BabyLegs

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Max Liboiron

    2017-09-01

    Full Text Available The concept of agency is ubiquitous in STS, particularly regarding cases of alternative ways of knowing and doing science such as civic, citizen, and feminist sciences, among others. Yet the focus on agency often glosses over the constraints placed on agents, particularly within asymmetrical power relations. This article follows the case of BabyLegs, a do-it-yourself monitoring tool for marine microplastic pollution, and the attempt to keep the technology open source within an intellectual property (IP system set up to privatize it. The tactics used to design BabyLegs as a feminine, silly, doll-tool to discredit the device in the eyes of an IP system that valued traditional gender roles lead to the eventual success of keeping the device open source. Yet, those same tactics also reinforced and reproduced the structures of power and essentialism they were designed to resist. I characterize this technological ambivalence as compromise, and argue that all agency exercised within asymmetrical power relations is compromised. This is not to say resistance is futile, but that agency is never pure, and this recognition lets us be more intentional in how we might compromise as practitioners of diverse scientific knowledges.

  5. Non-Irritant Baby Shampoos May Cause Cataract Development

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Omer Faruk Tekbas

    2008-02-01

    Full Text Available BACKGROUND: The effect of different shampoo formulations as a risk factor for cataract formation was investigated in Sprague Dawley rats in the present study. METHODS: Study was performed by using 20 rats. Two different shampoos used by adult subjects and two different baby shampoos were used in the study. Different shampoos were used in different groups for 14 days, and they were followed for changes. RESULTS: Different degree of opacities were observed in 4 (40%, 4 (40%, 5 (50%, and 6 (60% eyes in Groups A, B, C, and D, respectively. There was no statistically significant difference for formation of cataract between the groups (p>0.05. The number of irritated eyes was significantly lower (p<0.05 in groups C (10% and D (20% compared to groups A (90% and B (80%. CONCLUSION: The use of non-irritant baby shampoos does not seem to eliminate the risk of cataract formation and these should even be used more carefully as the non-irritant shampoo will have more contact with the eye. [TAF Prev Med Bull. 2008; 7(1: 1-6

  6. Non-Irritant Baby Shampoos May Cause Cataract Development

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Omer Faruk Tekbas

    2008-02-01

    Full Text Available BACKGROUND: The effect of different shampoo formulations as a risk factor for cataract formation was investigated in Sprague Dawley rats in the present study. METHODS: Study was performed by using 20 rats. Two different shampoos used by adult subjects and two different baby shampoos were used in the study. Different shampoos were used in different groups for 14 days, and they were followed for changes. RESULTS: Different degree of opacities were observed in 4 (40%, 4 (40%, 5 (50%, and 6 (60% eyes in Groups A, B, C, and D, respectively. There was no statistically significant difference for formation of cataract between the groups (p>0.05. The number of irritated eyes was significantly lower (p<0.05 in groups C (10% and D (20% compared to groups A (90% and B (80%. CONCLUSION: The use of non-irritant baby shampoos does not seem to eliminate the risk of cataract formation and these should even be used more carefully as the non-irritant shampoo will have more contact with the eye. [TAF Prev Med Bull 2008; 7(1.000: 1-6

  7. Surgical treatment of ankyloglossia in babies--case report.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Manfro, A R G; Manfro, R; Bortoluzzi, M C

    2010-11-01

    Ankyloglossia is an anomaly that is characterized by the abnormal insertion of the lingual frenulum that hinders protrusion and elevation of the tongue towards the palate, due to the short and thick composition of the frenulum. In babies it can cause inefficient nursing at the mother's breast, inadequate transfer of milk and pain in the mother's breast, resulting in early weaning and weight loss. An 8-month-old baby boy was brought to the clinic by his mother because he found it difficult to suck and consequently avoiding breast feeding, and was apparently losing weight. During the clinical exam it was observed that the patient presented little mobility of the tongue. Owing to the degree of ankyloglossia and the features of malnutrition present, it was decided to carry out complete removal of the frenulum under general anesthesia. Although this procedure might increase the risk of morbidity, the possibility of recurrence and the need to perform further procedures are avoided; the main advantage is reducing aggravation of the clinical problems. Copyright © 2010 International Association of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgeons. Published by Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

  8. Infant Positioning, Baby Gear Use, and Cranial Asymmetry.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zachry, Anne H; Nolan, Vikki G; Hand, Sarah B; Klemm, Susan A

    2017-12-01

    Objectives This study aimed to identify predictors of cranial asymmetry. We hypothesize that among infants diagnosed with cranial asymmetry in the sampled region, there is an association between exposure to more time in baby gear and less awake time in prone and side-lying than in infants who do not present with this condition. Methods The study employed a cross sectional survey of caregivers of typically developing infants and infants diagnosed with cranial asymmetry. Results A mutivariable model reveals that caregivers of children who are diagnosed with cranial asymmetry report their children spending significantly less time in prone play than those children without a diagnosis of cranial asymmetry. Side-lying and time spent in baby gear did not attain statistical significance. Conclusions for Practice Occupational therapists, physical therapists, pediatricians, nurses and other health care professionals must provide parents with early education about the importance of varying positions and prone play in infancy and address fears and concerns that may serve as barriers to providing prone playtime.

  9. Hyperbilirubinemi hos nyfødte – et kontroversielt tema. Erfaringer med nye indikasjoner for fototerapi og utskiftningstransfusjon

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Alf Meberg

    2009-10-01

    Full Text Available  SAMMENDRAGNye indikasjoner for behandling av hyperbilirubinemi hos nyfødte (bilirubinskjema fra Hillingdon sykehus,England ble innført ved Vestfold sentralsykehus primo 1994. Endringene i panoramaet av behandlingstiltak(lysbehandling, utskiftningstransfusjon ble registrert i kohortene av levende fødte ved sykehuset i toårsperioden1994-95 og sammenlignet med foregående treårsperiode 1991-93. Total lysbehandlingsprevalens falt signifikantfra 6,9% av levende fødte i perioden 1991-93 til 5,5% i perioden 1994-95 (p betydelig fall i prevalensen av fullbårne barn som ble lysbehandlet for fysiologisk ikterus, fra 4,3% til 1,6% ihenholdsvis første og siste periode (p steg signifikant fra 2,0% av levende fødte til 3,2% (p økning i prematuritetsinsidensen, som steg fra 4,5% i perioden 1991-93 til 5,9% i perioden 1994-95 (p Andelen premature som ble lysbehandlet steg fra 45,2% i første til 53,1% i siste periode (p av blodgruppeimmuniserte barn som ble lysbehandlet var uforandret i de to periodene (henholdsvis 0,6% og0,7% (p > 0,05. Det var en markert reduksjon i prevalensen av barn som gjennomgikk utskiftningstransfusjon(fra 0,2 til 0,06% henholdsvis i de to periodene (p effekter av lysbehandling til friske fullbårne barn med ikterus, reduseres relativt betydelig med de moderatejusteringer av indikasjonene som er foretatt. Rutineskiftet har også betydd ressurssparing. På landsbasis vil en slikrutineendring medføre at 1000-2000 fullbårne barn hvert år kan unngå lysbehandling. Indikasjonene for fototerapiog utskiftningstransfusjon for hyperbilirubinemi hos nyfødte i Norge må diskuteres på nytt i lys av ny forskningmed tanke på nasjonal konsensus. Kortere liggetider for nyfødte i sykehus etter fødselen gjør det nødvendig medgode rutiner for oppfølging av hyperbilirubinemi utenfor sykehus.Meberg A. Hyperbilirubinemia – a controversial topic. Experiences with new guidelines for phototherapyand exchange transfusion . Nor J

  10. Effect on skin hydration of using baby wipes to clean the napkin area of newborn babies: assessor-blinded randomised controlled equivalence trial

    OpenAIRE

    Lavender, T.; Furber, C.; Campbell, M; Victor, S.; Roberts, I.; Bedwell, C; Cork, M.J.

    2012-01-01

    Abstract Background Some national guidelines recommend the use of water alone for napkin cleansing. Yet, there is a readiness, amongst many parents, to use baby wipes. Evidence from randomised controlled trials, of the effect of baby wipes on newborn skin integrity is lacking. We conducted a study to examine the hypothesis that the use of a specifically formulated cleansing wipe on the napkin area of newborn infants (

  11. Human Resource Careers of Baby Boomers: An Inquiry of Perceptions of Competent Performance

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rogers, MeLisa J.

    2012-01-01

    An extended career or working through planned retirement may assist baby boomers in recapturing financial losses experienced from the U.S. retirement market between 2007 and 2008. Job security, enhanced by adding value to an organization through competent performance, is an important link to the success of an extended career. Hence, baby boomers…

  12. Old Folks and Spoiled Brats : Why the baby Boomers' Saving Crisis Need Not be that Bad

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Butler, M.; Harms, P.

    2001-01-01

    We study the impact of an anticipated "baby boom" in an overlapping generations economy.The rise of the working population lowers the wage, and the high demand for assets causes a rise in the price of capital which will be reversed when the baby boomers leave the work-force.However, the swings in

  13. Baby Boomers Attending a Community College: Influences, Challenges, and Social Networks

    Science.gov (United States)

    Peters, Nancy

    2010-01-01

    The purpose of this qualitative research study was to determine how Baby Boomers make meaning out of disorientating dilemmas and challenges as they enroll in community college for career training. The dilemmas include: retirement, layoffs, shrinking job market, returning to school, and dwindling retirement accounts. Understanding Baby Boomers'…

  14. BEHAVIOR OF FAMILY IN PRACTICE HEPATITIS B IMMUNIZATION AT BABY 0-7 DAYS OLD

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Kusnanto Kusnanto

    2017-07-01

    Full Text Available Introduction: Result of coverage hepatitis B immunization  at 0-7 days old babies in Puskesmas Banjarbaru Banjarbaru city South Kalimantan until year 2008 was under 40%. The cause of unsuccessfully of giving hepatitis B immunization  at 0-7 days old babies was the behavior of the family. This research aimed to explain family behavior in execution immunization at 0-7 days old babies in region of Puskesmas Banjarbaru. Method: The design used in this research was analytic design. total sample were 30 respondents. Variable in this research were behavior of family in practice hepatitis B immunization  at baby 0-7 days old, which covers  knowledge, attitude and practice in hepatitis B immunization  at baby 0-7 day old. The data was collected by questionnaire and analyzed by using statistical test chi-square with level of significance α≤0.05. Result: The result showed a correlation between knowledge and attitude about hepatitis B immunization  at 0-7 days old babies (x2=0.000. Discussion: There was correlation between knowledge and hepatitis B immunization performed by the family to the  baby ages  0-7 days old (x2=0.015. A correlation between attitude with family practice with giving hepatitis B immunization  at baby ages 0-7 days old (x2=0.000.

  15. De bruikbaarheid van de ‘shaken baby syndroom’-hypothese in het strafproces

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Hoving, R.A.

    In het Nederlandse strafproces wordt regelmatig gebruik gemaakt van deskundigenbewijs van deskundigen die uitgaan van de ‘shaken baby syndroom’-hypothese om aan te tonen dat een verdachte een baby heeft mishandeld of gedood. In onder meer de Verenigde Staten en Engeland woedt een felle discussie

  16. 77 FR 46739 - Proposed Extension of Approval of Information Collection; Comment Request-Baby Bouncers and...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-08-06

    ... From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office CONSUMER PRODUCT SAFETY COMMISSION Proposed Extension of Approval of Information Collection; Comment Request--Baby Bouncers and... for manufacturers and importers of children's articles known as baby-bouncers and walker-jumpers. This...

  17. 77 FR 55812 - Proposed Extension of Approval of Information Collection; Comment Request-Baby Bouncers and...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-09-11

    ... From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office CONSUMER PRODUCT SAFETY COMMISSION Proposed Extension of Approval of Information Collection; Comment Request--Baby Bouncers and... importers of children's articles known as baby-bouncers and walker-jumpers. This document was published in...

  18. "Wanting It Now": Baby Boomers and the Public Library of the Future

    Science.gov (United States)

    Williamson, Kirsty; Bannister, Marion; Makin, Lynne; Johanson, Graeme; Schauder, Don; Sullivan, Jen

    2006-01-01

    Baby boomers are epitomised by the phrase "wanting it now". This large group of the population is better educated, more technologically literate, generally wealthier than any previous generation and has high expectations of quality services and products. Just as they have led other social revolutions, baby boomers are expected to revolutionise the…

  19. Bridging the Gap: Identifying Perceptions of Effective Teaching Methods for Age 50+ Baby Boomer Learners

    Science.gov (United States)

    Newberry, Sheila

    2013-01-01

    The purpose of this study was to identify effective teaching methods for age 50+ baby boomer learners. The study used a mixed methods research design. The qualitative paradigm used focus group sessions and the quantitative paradigm was completed through surveys. Fifteen age 50+ baby boomer learners and 11 faculty who teach them comprised the two…

  20. The Sociocognitive Determinates of HIV/AIDS Prevention Behaviors among Baby Boomers

    Science.gov (United States)

    Haynes, Carion R.

    2016-01-01

    Human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) is steadily increasing among the baby boom population. Among this population, there is a gap between knowledge and behavioral choices. HIV risk perception is multifaceted and shaped by different sociodemographic factors. Baby boomers' perception of risk and sociocognitive determinates that impact their decision…

  1. The Crossover Generation: Baby Boomers and the Role of the Public Library

    Science.gov (United States)

    Williamson, Kirsty; Bannister, Marion; Sullivan, Jen

    2010-01-01

    The article explores the concept of baby boomers as a "crossover" generation, one that embodies characteristics of previous and later generations. The context is the retirement of the baby boomers and its potential impact on the public library. Ethnographic method within a constructivist framework was used, employing the techniques of…

  2. Health and health care utilization among obese and diabetic baby boomers and older adults.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ahn, SangNam; Smith, Matthew Lee; Dickerson, Justin B; Ory, Marcia G

    2012-01-01

    Examine how sociodemographic, health, behavioral, and health care utilization factors are associated with being obese or having diabetes among baby boomers and older adults. Cross-sectional data were drawn from the 2007-2008 National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey. United States. A sample of 3439 baby boomers and older adults included (mean age, 62 years). Covariates included sociodemographics, health outcomes, behaviors, and inpatient and outpatient health care utilization. Multinomial logistic regression was used to explore which similar or different covariates were associated with different health states between baby boomers and older adults. Approximately 8% of baby boomers and 10% of older adults had the twin diagnoses of obesity and diabetes. Having both obesity and diabetes was more common among baby boomers and older adults who were African-American (odds ratio [OR] = 1.79, p = .029 for baby boomers; OR = 3.45, p baby boomers who were current smokers (OR = .45, p baby boomers who had hypertension (OR = 2.44, p = .01), whereas it was observed more among older adults who had very high cholesterol (OR = 2.31, p = .029). Identifying chronic disease risk factors during middle age is important for ameliorating further complications in later life. Knowing more about the correlates of obesity and diabetes among different age groups can help health care planners better target preventive health care services.

  3. Migration of bisphenol A into water from polycarbonate baby bottles during microwave heating

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Ehlert, K.A.; Beumer, C.W.E.; Groot, M.C.E.

    2008-01-01

    A comprehensive migration database was established for bisphenol A from polycarbonate baby bottles into water during exposure to microwave heating. Eighteen different brands of polycarbonate baby bottles sold in Europe were collected. Initial residual content of bisphenol A and migration after

  4. Oh! What a Smart Baby: What You Need to Know about Children's Brain Development

    Science.gov (United States)

    Arnold, Renea; Colburn, Nell

    2005-01-01

    Brain research is complicated, but its message is simple: babies are born learning and what they learn is up to us. New research on infant brain development shows that a child's experiences in the first three years of life have a distinct impact on her later development and learning. Here's why. All babies are born with one organ that is not fully…

  5. What about the Dads: A Case Study of Young Fathers of Babies Born to Adolescent Mothers

    Science.gov (United States)

    Scholl, Marilyn Faris

    2012-01-01

    Adolescent pregnancy remains a persistent societal problem. Both teenage mothers and the fathers of their babies are unprepared for parenthood and often drop out of school, take low-paying jobs, and never complete their education. Fathers of babies born to adolescent mothers are a critical but often forgotten component of the adolescent pregnancy…

  6. Gender differences in the motivational processing of babies are determined by their facial attractiveness.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Rinah Yamamoto

    2009-06-01

    Full Text Available This study sought to determine how esthetic appearance of babies may affect their motivational processing by the adults.Healthy men and women were administered two laboratory-based tasks: a key pressing to change the viewing time of normal-looking babies and of those with abnormal facial features (e.g., cleft palate, strabismus, skin disorders, Down's syndrome and fetal alcohol syndrome and b attractiveness ratings of these images. Exposure to the babies' images produced two different response patterns: for normal babies, there was a similar effort by the two groups to extend the visual processing with lower attractiveness ratings by men; for abnormal babies, women exerted greater effort to shorten the viewing time despite attractiveness ratings comparable to the men.These results indicate that gender differences in the motivational processing of babies include excessive (relative to the esthetic valuation motivation to extend the viewing time of normal babies by men vs. shortening the exposure to the abnormal babies by women. Such gender-specific incentive sensitization phenomenon may reflect an evolutionary-derived need for diversion of limited resources to the nurturance of healthy offspring.

  7. Parental Perception of a Baby Sign Workshop on Stress and Parent-Child Interaction

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mueller, Vannesa; Sepulveda, Amanda

    2014-01-01

    Introduction: Baby sign language is gaining in popularity. However, research has indicated a lack of empirical research supporting its use. In addition, research suggests that baby sign training may increase stress levels in parents. Methods: Nine families with children ranging in age from six months to two years; five months participated in a…

  8. CDC Vital Signs–Safe Sleep for Babies

    Centers for Disease Control (CDC) Podcasts

    2018-01-09

    This podcast is based on the January 2018 CDC Vital Signs report. Every year, there are about 3,500 sleep-related deaths among U.S. babies. Learn how to create a safe sleep environment for babies.  Created: 1/9/2018 by Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC).   Date Released: 1/9/2018.

  9. Infant Mental Health for Medically Fragile Babies in Intensive Care and Their Families

    Science.gov (United States)

    Browne, Joy V.; Talmi, Ayelet

    2017-01-01

    Infants who begin their lives in intensive care are impacted physically and socioemotionally for many months and years to come. Likewise, stressful experiences of caring for a baby hospitalized in intensive care have an impact on primary caregivers, typically the baby's parents. Infant mental health (IMH) is an expanding, evidence-based field that…

  10. Basics about Babies' Brain Development = Los basicos del desarrollo del cerebro.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Southeastern Regional Vision for Education (SERVE), Tallahassee, FL.

    This brochure for parents, in English- and Spanish-language versions, provides facts about infants' brains and offers suggestions for parents to help their baby's development by providing experiences to stimulate neural development. The facts are: (1) a baby's brain needs many different experiences to be nourished, such as being talked or sung to…

  11. Profile of babies born before arrival at hospital in a peri-urban setting

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Background. Babies born before arrival (BBAs) at hospital constitute a special group at risk of high morbidity and mortality. Objective. We conducted a 12-month retrospective review to describe maternal and neonatal characteristics of BBAs, and their outcomes compared with babies born in the state health sector. Methods.

  12. Naming babies "Baby-of" at birth: A project to encourage earlier naming of infants in Abu Dhabi.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Santos, Rodney Jay; Palacios, Luena; Amuan, Rommel

    2015-01-01

    In 2013, Sweihan Healthcare Center, one of several government clinics in Abu Dhabi, catered to 19,349 patients or an average of 52 patients in a day. During the weekdays, close to 80 patients are seen per day, a relatively huge number for a small town clinic. In 2011, the clinic only saw 16,816 patients, which amounts to a 15% increase in two years. Circumstances called for a search for gaps in the system in order to ease the workflow of a steadily increasing patient influx. The focus was mainly on patient identification due to a considerable number of patients having the same name. Data extraction was simplified by the advent of electronic medical records and, as the names of the patients were filtered, one name stood out: "Baby of". The goal of this project was to track the patients using the name "Baby of", and change their names in their respective medical records and thus be able to comply with the International Patient Safety Goals (IPSG) of both Joint Commission International [1] and the Health Authority of Abu Dhabi [2].

  13. Then & Now: Research Pays Off for All Americans / Dr. Virginia Apgar: Keeping Score at Baby's First Cry | NIH ...

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... Research Pays Off for All Americans Dr. Virginia Apgar: Keeping Score at Baby's First Cry Past Issues / ... Every baby born in America benefits from Dr. Apgar's pioneering work to identify quickly which newborns need ...

  14. Strategi for opptrapping av kraftfôr etter kjeing for å sikre god produksjon og helse hos norske mjølkegeiter

    OpenAIRE

    Asheim, Karianne Garthus

    2016-01-01

    I Norge har mjølkeavdråtten hos geit økt mye i seinere tid. Etter kjeing er geiter ofte i negativ energibalanse (NEB), og fôring av kraftfôr må balanseres mellom tilførsel av nok energi, og samtidig unngå for mye mobilisering av kroppsreserver og sikre godt vommiljø og grovfôropptak videre i laktasjonen. Formålet med denne oppgaven var å undersøke effekten av forskjellige opptrappingshastigheter for kraftfôr etter kjeing. Et feltforsøk ble utført i 8 besetninger med geitemjølksproduksjon ...

  15. Effekt av protein i rasjonen på fôropptak, melkeytelse, melkekvalitet, tyggeatferd, og aktivitet hos melkekyr med ulik fôreffektivitet

    OpenAIRE

    Skjelbred, Camilla Therese

    2017-01-01

    Formålet med dette forsøket var å undersøke effekten av ulik fôreffektivitet (høy og lav) hos kyr, og ulikt proteinnivå (130, 145, 160, 175 g/kg TS) i fullfôret på fôropptak, melkeytelse, melkekvalitet, tyggeatferd og aktivitet. Kyr og andre drøvtyggere lever i symbiose med mikrobene i vomma som brytes ned cellulose og hemi-cellulose i fôret. For at mikrobene skal fungere optimalt er det viktig at miljøet i vomma er stabilt. En viktig del av fôret til kyrne er protein, og dette tilsettes i...

  16. Cultural capital factors associated with life satisfaction in Korean baby boomers.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kwon, Hyun-Jung; Park, Hwa-Ok Hannah

    2017-09-20

    As aging baby boomers retire, cultural capital is expected to play a major role in representing new types of need for social inclusion for this group of people. This study aims to examine the association between cultural capital and life satisfaction among Korean baby boomers born between 1955 and 1963. Data on 297 baby boomers were extracted from the 2007 Korean General Social Survey and multiple regression models were tested. The findings indicated that acquired cultural capital (i.e. experiences of private art and culture education and diverse participation in art and cultural activities) had a significant association with a higher level of life satisfaction, whereas inherited cultural capital (i.e. paternal educational level) was not related to life satisfaction among Korean baby boomers. The findings point to the potential benefits of acquired cultural capital as a means to promote the life satisfaction of the baby boom generation.

  17. Breastfeeding maintenance of very low weight premature babies: experience of mothers

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Beatriz de Carvalho Ciaciare

    2015-09-01

    Full Text Available The objectives of this study were to comprehend the breastfeeding process from reports of mothers of premature babies and identify factors facilitating or complicating this process. A descriptive qualitative study regarding the family centered care. We conducted 12 interviews with mothers of six months premature babies of chronological age and we submitted data to content analysis. Four categories emerged: The previous breastfeeding experience in the process of breastfeeding the premature baby; Emotional context versus the breastfeeding process; The ability to manage breastfeeding the premature baby and, Successes and failures. We concluded that family and professional support, adequate management and the welcoming of individualized services in the prematurity context were majorly responsible for the breastfeeding success, being even able to surpass the previous maternal desire. Breastfeeding accompaniment after discharge is indispensable for its success with premature babies.

  18. Neonatal nurses' response to a hypothetical premature birth situation: What if it was my baby?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Green, Janet; Darbyshire, Philip; Adams, Anne; Jackson, Debra

    2016-12-09

    Evolving technology and scientific advancement have increased the chances of survival of the extremely premature baby; however, such survival can be associated with some severe long-term morbidities. The research investigates the caregiving and ethical dilemmas faced by neonatal nurses when caring for extremely premature babies (defined as ≤24 weeks' gestation). This article explores the issues arising for neonatal nurses when they considered the philosophical question of 'what if it was me and my baby', or what they believed they would do in the hypothetical situation of going into premature labour and delivering an extremely premature baby. Data were collected via a questionnaire to Australian neonatal nurses and semi-structured interviews with 24 neonatal nurses in New South Wales, Australia. Relevant ethical approvals have been obtained by the researchers. A qualitative approach was used to analyse the data. The theme 'imagined futures' was generated which comprised three sub-themes: 'choice is important', 'not subjecting their own baby to treatment' and 'nurses and outcome predictions'. The results offer an important and unique understanding into the perceptions of nursing staff who care for extremely premature babies and their family, see them go home and witness their evolving outcomes. The results show that previous clinical and personal experiences led the nurses in the study to choose to have the belief that if in a similar situation, they would choose not to have their own baby resuscitated and subjected to the very treatment that they provide to other babies. The theme 'imagined futures' offers an overall understanding of how neonatal nurses imagine what the life of the extremely premature baby and his or her family will be like after discharge from neonatal intensive care. The nurses' past experience has led them to believe that they would not want this life for themselves and their baby, if they were to deliver at 24 weeks' gestation or less. © The

  19. 75 FR 26707 - Notice of Decision to Issue Permits for the Importation of Fresh Pomegranates and Baby Kiwi from...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-05-12

    ... and Baby Kiwi from Chile into the United States AGENCY: Animal and Plant Health Inspection Service... the importation into the continental United States of fresh pomegranates and fresh baby kiwi from... weeds via the importation of fresh pomegranates and fresh baby kiwi from Chile. EFFECTIVE DATE: May 12...

  20. Readout scheme for the Baby-MIND detector

    CERN Document Server

    Noah, Etam; Cadoux, F; Favre, Y; Martinez, B; Nicola, L; Parsa, S; Rayner, M; Antonova, M; Fedotov, S; Izmaylov, A; Kleymenova, A; Khabibullin, M; Khotyantsev, A; Kudenko, Y; Likhacheva, V; Mefodiev, A; Mineev, O; Ovsiannikova, T; Shaykhiev, A; Suvorov, S; Yershov, N; Tsenov, R

    2016-01-01

    A readout scheme has been designed for the plastic scintillator bars of the Baby-MIND detector modules. This spectrometer will measure momentum and identify the charge of 1 GeV/c muons with magnetized iron plates interleaved with detector modules. One challenge the detector aims to address is that of keeping high charge identification efficiencies for momenta below 1 GeV/c where multiple scattering in the iron plates degrades momentum resolution. A front-end board has been developed, with 3 CITIROC readout chips per board and up to 96 channels. Hamamatsu MPPCs type S12571-025C photosensors were chosen for readout of wavelength shifting fibers embedded in plastic scintillators. Procurement of the MPPCs has been carried out to instrument 3000 channels in total. Design choices and first results of this readout scheme are presented.