Presents summaries and opposing views of six of B. F. Skinner's major tenets of behavioristic psychology. Relates conflicting positions on issues as environmental determination, problem solving techniques, cultural reinforcement, and mental processing. (ML)
How smartness is defined within schools contributes to low academic achievement by poor and racial/ethnic minority students. Using Holland et al.'s (1998) [Holland, D., Lachicotte, W., Skinner, D., & Cain, C. (Eds.) (1998). "Identity and agency in cultural worlds." Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press.] concept of "figured worlds," this paper…
Munro, Barry C.
The life and work of B.F. Skinner is reviewed. His interest in education is explored as well as his work and influence in such areas as: the development of the Air-Crib, the Write and See, writing program, Project Pigeon, aging and behavior modification. (Author/CL)
CERN Press Office. Geneva
On 17 October the third industrial exhibition, "Holland at CERN" was officially opened by Dr R.J. van Duinen, President of the Dutch Organisation for Scientific Research (NWO). In his opening speech he encouraged scientific organisations such as CERN to take full advantage of industry's ability to design and invent new processes and equipment stressing that the purpose of the "Holland at CERN" exhibition was not simply to sell equipment, but to establish an efficient cross-fertilisation between fundamental science and industry.
På langt sigt skinner solen på erhvervet. De globale udfordringer er store, og landbruget og fødevareindustrien står helt centralt placeret på løsningsdagsordenen......På langt sigt skinner solen på erhvervet. De globale udfordringer er store, og landbruget og fødevareindustrien står helt centralt placeret på løsningsdagsordenen...
Salerno, April S.; Kibler, Amanda K.
Background/Context: Figured worlds have been conceptualized as spaces, or "realms" (Holland, Skinner, Lachicotte, & Cain, 1998), where individuals assign meaning and significance to actors and characters or understand what they take as "typical or normal" (Gee, 2014). This study applies a lens of figured worlds to…
Sigmund Freud and B. F. Skinner are often seen as psychology's polar opposites. It seems this view is fallacious. Indeed, Freud and Skinner had many things in common, including basic assumptions shaped by positivism and determinism. More important, Skinner took a clear interest in psychoanalysis and wanted to be analyzed but was turned down. His…
The article: Programmed Instruction, The Contribution of Skinner and Crowder discusses exactly what is meant by the term Programmed Instruction, and the contribution made by Skinner and Crowder in particular are analysed. Recent developments in this field are looked at and the conclusion is drawn that the full potential ...
Connelly, R. J.
Contrasts Nietzche's view of man with B. F. Skinner's and suggests that behavioral technology be further explored in attempting to solve mankind's cultural and philosophical conflicts. Adds the note that Skinner's autobiography might help his critics see "Beyond Freedom and Dignity" in a more objective sense than when it was published in…
Full Text Available The central theme of this paper is the scientific viewpoint taken for understanding behavioral processes. Two classical viewpoints are formulated by Dennett (the intentional stance and Tinbergen (Tinbergen's four questions. In this paper we argue that the two different viewpoints are linked to the two different processes that underlie complex behavior, namely, the instruction process and the selection process. To zoom in on the similarities and differences between these processes, we model whelk dropping behavior of Northwestern crows as observed by Zach (1978, 1979 from the two different viewpoints: (1 with crows that possess intentional faculties (called Dennett crows, and (2 with crows that possess selectional faculties. The latter type of crows is further divided into a population that is able to adapt over generations only by natural selection (Darwin crows, and a population that, apart from natural selection, is also able to adapt using operant learning (Skinner crows. Salient outcomes are that these two populations need markedly different times to adapt to changes in the environment, and that operant learning needs a value system that is an internal equivalent of the fitness criterion. In conclusion, we propose that understanding behavior should start at a meta-level with identifying whether the nature of the behavioral process under study is intentional or selectional.
Vermeij, I.; Migchels, G.; Vogelzang, T.A.
De intensieve veehouderij in Zuid-Holland is de afgelopen tien jaar gehalveerd. De Provinciale Staten willen de intensieve veehouderij in Zuid- Holland te convergeren naar een diervriendelijke, duurzame en meer extensieve bedrijfsvoering. De provincie kan zich hiervoor richten op veehouderijsystemen
Passos, Maria de Lourdes R. da F.; Matos, Maria Amelia
Bloomfield's "Linguistics as a Science" (1930/1970), "Language" (1933/1961), and "Language or Ideas?" (1936a/1970), and Skinner's "Verbal Behavior" (1957) and "Science and Human Behavior" (1953) were analyzed in regard to their respective perspectives on science and scientific method, the verbal episode, meaning, and subject matter. Similarities…
Skinner's Verbal Behavior (1957) is a comprehensive treatise that deals with most aspects of verbal behavior. However, its treatment of the learning of grammatical behavior has been challenged repeatedly (e.g., Chomsky, 1959). The present paper will attempt to show that the learning of grammar and syntax can be dealt with adequately within a behavior-analytic framework. There is no need to adopt mentalist (or cognitivist) positions or to add mentalist elements to behaviorist theories. PMID:2103585
It is not a direct trade but more an environmental investment. Dutch government decided to buy over 5 million tons of carbon dioxide emission quotas of Rumania, Hungary and Slovakia. But this is not a direct purchase; it is related to investments into major projects that would decrease emission of greenhouse gases in the mentioned countries. Holland will improve its emission balance set by Kyoto Protocol and 'on the other hand we will offer eastern European countries technologies they are missing,' explained the main objectives of Dutch environmental projects Erik Saat from Senter agency at Dutch Ministry of Economy. The Dutch agency has so far selected one project in Slovakia - absorption of methane gas on waste dumps of eight Slovak towns. This project in value of 5 million Euro will decrease the emission by an equivalent of 500 thousand tons of CO 2 . Slovak Ministry of Environment that has to approve these projects welcomes any activity that would lead to decreasing greenhouse gas pollution. Every three months Senter agency select the best projects submitted in order to fulfil the commitments resulting from Kyoto Protocol. (Author)
Dymond, S.; O'Hora, D.; Whelan, R.; O'Donovan, A.
The present study undertook an updated citation analysis of Skinner's (1957) "Verbal Behavior". All articles that cited "Verbal Behavior" between 1984 and 2004 were recorded and content analyzed into one of five categories; four empirical and one nonempirical. Of the empirical categories, studies that employed a verbal operant from Skinner's…
Dixon, Mark; Baker, Jonathan C.; Sadowski, Katherine Ann
Skinner's 1957 analysis of verbal behavior has demonstrated a fair amount of utility to teach language to children with autism and other various disorders. However, the learning of language can be forgotten, as is the case for many elderly suffering from dementia or other degenerative diseases. It appears possible that Skinner's operants may…
Fox, Eric J.; VanStelle, Sarah E.
In the book "Verbal Behavior," Skinner provided a comprehensive, behavioral account of language. While the impact of Skinner's analysis on empirical research has been examined broadly, this review of the literature focused on studies relevant to organizational behavior management (OBM). Both empirical and nonempirical journal articles in OBM were…
Cortés, Jorge; Martínez, Sonia; Cantrijn, Frans
The geometric approach to autonomous classical mechanical systems in terms of a canonical first-order system on the Whitney sum of the tangent and cotangent bundle, developed by Skinner and Rusk, is extended to the time-dependent framework.
Sponsored by EVD, an agency of the Dutch Ministry of the Economy From 8 to 11 November 2010 Industrial Exhibition Administration Building Bldg. 61 9-00 - 17-30 Twenty seven companies will present their latest technology at the industrial exhibition "Holland at CERN". Dutch industry will exhibit products and technologies which are related to the field of particle physics. Individual interviews will take place directly at the stands in the Main Building. The firms will contact relevant users/technicians but any user wishing to make contact with a particular firm is welcome to use the contact details which are available from each departmental secretariat or at the following URL: http://gs-dep.web.cern.ch/gs-dep/groups/sem/ls/Industrial_Exhibitions.htm#Industrial_exhibitions You will find the list of exhibitors below. LIST OF EXHIBITORS: Schelde Exotech Vernooy BV Triumph Group INCAA Computers DeMaCo Holland bv TNO Science & Industry Janssen Precision Engi...
Cornelisse, Charles Louis Eduard
This study analyses the economical and commercial development of Holland in the late Middle Ages, focusing on the fuel market and fuel trade. Energy was of vital importance to this society in which industry, trade and export were expanding rapidly. The brisk commercial and industrial development of Holland between the 13th and 16th centuries coincided with demographic growth and increasing urbanisation. Fuel markets in Holland developed in the 15th and 16th century from local to regional and ...
da F. Passos, Maria de Lourdes R.
Skinner's definition of verbal behavior, with its brief and refined versions, has recently become a point of controversy among behavior analysts. Some of the arguments presented in this controversy might be based on a misreading of Skinner's (1957a) writings. An examination of Skinner's correspondence with editors of scientific journals shows his…
Ohler, Denise L.; Levinson, Edward M.
This article presents the basic tenets of Holland's (1997) theory of vocational personalities and work environments and discusses its use by employment counselors in service occupations. The authors describe Holland's 6 personality types and research on the theory, as well as formal and informal assessment and counseling strategies within the…
For much of his career, B. F. Skinner displayed the optimism that is often attributed to behaviorists. With time, however, he became less and less sanguine about the power of behavior science to solve the major problems facing humanity. Near the end of his life he concluded that a fair consideration of principles revealed by the scientific…
Altus, Deborah E.; Morris, Edward K.
This paper addresses B. F. Skinner's utopian vision for enhancing social justice and human wellbeing in his 1948 novel, "Walden Two." In the first part, we situate the book in its historical, intellectual, and social context of the utopian genre, address critiques of the book's premises and practices, and discuss the fate of intentional…
Morris, Edward K.; Smith, Nathaniel G.; Altus, Deborah E.
Our paper reviews and analyzes B. F. Skinner's contributions to applied behavior analysis in order to assess his role as the field's originator and founder. We found, first, that his contributions fall into five categorizes: the style and content of his science, his interpretations of typical and atypical human behavior, the implications he drew…
Dik, Bryan J.; Strife, Samantha Roberts; Hansen, Jo-Ida C.
This study examined the relationship between Holland type (Realistic, Investigative, Artistic, Social, Enterprising, and Conventional; Holland, 1959, 1997) congruence and incongruence (i.e., lack of ft between an occupation's 3-letter Holland code and a person's lowest 3 Holland interest types) and tested whether incongruence predicts unique…
Turekian, Karl K.
Heinrich Dieter "Dick" Holland, who died on 21 May 2012, was responsible for major advances across several fields of geochemistry. He was born on 27 May 1927 and died just short of his 85th birthday. How Dick became a geochemist is an interesting story in itself. I first met Dick when we shared an office as graduate students at Columbia University in New York. He had attended Princeton University in New Jersey and graduated in 1946 with a chemistry major. He had arrived in the United States with his family from Germany in 1940. The family was of Jewish origin, and although Dick and his relatives were not strict practitioners, their fate in Hitler's Germany, dictated by the family's ancestry, would have been undesirable. Dick and his brother first went to England in 1939 to escape the future horrors that were sure to await them if they had remained in Germany. After their parents escaped to the Dominican Republic, Dick and his brother joined them there. With the help of friends, the family came to the United States from the Dominican Republic in 1940 (it was not unusual for immigrants to first come to a landing spot in the western hemisphere prior to admission to the United States).
Full Text Available The Dutch delta, at the confluence of the courses of the Rhine, Meuse and Scheldt rivers, is the paradigmatic territory of networks from the earliest stages of the human settlement. In an unsteady landscape, made up of a mosaic of marshes, bogs and sand dunes; irrigated by a maze with rivers, streams and canals; transportation network is the element that strengthens and unites the urban structure for centuries. This article discusses the integration of the Dutch transport network and the urban network from four noted episodes in the history of mobility in the Netherlands: the Trekvaarten [towpaths], the Oude Lijn [Old railway line], the Halsketting [nodal corridor], and finally, the intermodal center Zuidas-Amsterdam. The aim of this article is to show how the development of the Dutch urban network is conditioned by structural changes in the transportation network, and how the evolution of the urban mobility system determines simultaneously both: regional and local spheres. Ultimately, four lessons in mobility and urbanity in the Randstad-Holland that take the case of study further and are a model in the development of an integrated metropolitan system.
Prieto-Martínez, Pedro Daniel; Román-Roy, Narciso
The Lagrangian-Hamiltonian unified formalism of R. Skinner and R. Rusk was originally stated for autonomous dynamical systems in classical mechanics. It has been generalized for non-autonomous first-order mechanical systems, first-order and higher-order field theories, and higher-order autonomous systems. In this work we present a generalization of this formalism for higher-order non-autonomous mechanical systems.
RICARDO PELLÓN SUÁREZ DE PUGA
Full Text Available Con motivo del primer centenario de la publicación del manifiesto conductista, se revisa brevemente la concepción de Watson (1913 sobre el aprendizaje y la conducta, y se extiende dicho análisis al conductismo de B. F. Skinner y a las disputas entre enfoques molares y moleculares en el análisis de la conducta.
César Antonio Alves da Rocha
Full Text Available A relação entre Comportamentalismo Radical edeterminismo é anunciada por Skinner e diversos comentadores desua obra. Contudo, há alguns autores que questionam essa relação,defendendo que a ciência do comportamento skinneriana estariamais próxima do indeterminismo. Dado tal dissenso, este trabalhocotejou a suposta compatibilidade entre o ComportamentalismoRadical de B. F. Skinner com as definições de determinismo eindeterminismo científicos apresentadas pelo filósofo da ciência KarlPopper. Primeiramente, são descritas as definições e os argumentosde Popper. Em seguida, são examinados excertos da obra de Skinnerrelacionados ao assunto. Os resultados sugerem não só que háelementos do discurso skinneriano incompatíveis com o que Popperclassifica como determinismo científico, como também que hámomentos em que as proposições de Skinner coincidem com o quePopper conceitua como indeterminismo científico.
Kris van Heuckelom
Full Text Available ‘In Holland there is a house’. The representation of Polish immigrants in recentDutch feature films This article looks into the representation of Polish immigrants in recent Dutch feature films (1997-2012, with a particular focus on the prominent role of domestic settings and familial dysfunctions in the pictures involved. As the analysis reveals, many of the films under discussion bring into view troubled Dutch protagonists (especially men who suffer from degradation in the familial and social sphere. The Polish characters in turn tend to be instrumentalized as (potential agents of change (or rather ‘restoration’, taking up traditional familial and domestic roles that are no longer fulfilled by Dutch characters. While the narrative function granted to Polish immigrants in Dutch film can be closely linked to the widespread perception of Poland (and East Central Europe at large as less ‘modern’ (than the West as well as to the physical, strongly gender-typed labor usually performed by these jobseekers, the Dutch treatment of Polish characters remains largely in line with the screen portrait of expatriate Poles in other European cinemas (i.e., ‘noble’ rather than ‘savage’. In the meanwhile, however, with its particular focus on (declining ‘domesticity’ in Dutch private and public spaces, the corpus of films under discussion points to the contradictory feelings of nostalgia underlying the treatment of migration in Dutch representational practices: while some films expose the longing for the preservation of a monolithic Dutch ‘home’ unaffected by immigrants, other productions instrumentalize the influx of foreigners as a means to reinstall a sense of (female domesticity into the center of the Dutch family.
B. F. Skinner is perhaps 2nd only to Freud among the most publicly identifiable psychological figures of the last century. This article reviews the popular press coverage of Skinner between 1934 and 1990 to examine how radical behaviorism was interpreted, portrayed, and received by psychology's public. Reactions to Skinner were often skeptical or condemnatory. It is suggested that some members of the public had difficulty accepting his views because of the disparities between the philosophy of radical behaviorism and the phenomenology of everyday experience. Furthermore, Skinner's status as a psychological expert was inextricably linked to the public's perception of his credibility not only as a scientist but also as a human being.
Punt, Hendrik Martijn
This book focuses on the observationes tumultuariae of Cornelis van Bijnkershoek and the observationes tumultuariae novae of his son-in-law Willem Pauw. Between 1704 and 1787, therefore during virtually the entire eighteenth century, both these judges and presidents of the Supreme Court of Holland,
Kosinski, Withold; Zaczek-Chrzanowska, Dominika
A version of the definition of intelligent behaviour will be supplied in the context of real and artificial systems. Short presentation of principles of learning, starting with Pavlovian s classical conditioning through reinforced response and operant conditioning of Thorndike and Skinner and finishing with cognitive learning of Tolman and Bandura will be given. The most important figures within behaviourism, especially those with contribution to AI, will be described. Some tools of artificial intelligence that act according to those principles will be presented. An attempt will be made to show when some simple rules for behaviour modifications can lead to a complex intelligent behaviour.
Knapp, Terry J.
B. F. Skinner's first public exposition of his analysis of verbal behavior was the "Hefferline Notes" (1947a), a written summary of a course Skinner taught at Columbia University during the summer of 1947 just prior to his presentation of the William James Lectures at Harvard University in the fall. The Notes are significant because they display…
Sundberg, Mark L.
Jack Michael offered a course on verbal behavior almost every year throughout his teaching career. Jack was also interested in the application of Skinner's work and in 1976 began to offer a graduate course at Western Michigan University titled Verbal Behavior Applications. Jack and his students pursued the application of Skinner's work on verbal…
Schlinger, Henry D., Jr.
In their reply to my recent article in this journal, "The Long Good-bye: Why B. F. Skinner's "Verbal Behavior" Is Alive and Well on the 50th Anniversary of Its Publication" (Schlinger, 2008a), Dymond and Alonso-Alvarez (2010) assert that I neglected to mention a controversial debate within behavior analysis about the consistency of Skinner's…
Normand, Matthew P.
Some have suggested that the definition of verbal behavior offered by B. F. Skinner (1957) fails to capture the essence of language insofar as it is too broad and not functional. In this paper, I argue that the ambiguities of Skinner's definition are not an indictment of it, and that suggestions to the contrary are problematic because they suffer…
Selected writings of B. F. Skinner are compared to 5 current topics in mainstream psychology, including the role of the unconscious, human language, the role of dispositions in psychology, human perceptions of conformity and bias, and mindfulness. The striking similarities between Skinner's work and these 5 current topics support Richelle's (1993)…
Angelo Augusto Silva Sampaio
Full Text Available Atualmente, não se pode pensar no estudo do comportamento humano sem considerar a abordagem científica a este objeto: o campo da Psicologia científica. Esse campo é disputado por diversos enfoques teóricos que divergem quanto ao modo como definem ciência e comportamento humano. A abordagem de B. F. Skinner foi bastante proeminente no século XX, mas ainda continua a ser mal-entendida. Partindo do desenvolvimento histórico de sua obra, o presente texto visa a iluminar alguns aspectos relacionados às noções de ciência e comportamento humano desse autor e ressaltar as transformações por que passaram. Analisam-se três tópicos da obra de Skinner: seu período inicial (de 1930 a cerca de 1938, a obra "Ciência e Comportamento Humano" de 1953, e as influências da Biologia. São enfatizados aspectos relevantes da sua teorização sobre o tema: busca por relações funcionais, ênfase nos dados empíricos, operacionismo, externalismo, multideterminação do comportamento, experimentalismo, previsão e controle, ética.
Hartung, Paul J.; Leong, Frederick T. L.; Grotti, Shannon D.; Goh, David; Gaylor, Michael
This investigation examined in two different samples, whether only children differ significantly from firstborn and later-born children in terms of their vocational personality type as described in Holland's RIASEC model, occupational interests, and work values. Literature on family configuration and vocational behavior is reviewed, and current…
Minor traumatic brain injuries – what is new? D Hollander, J Coventry, M Du Trevou. Abstract. No Abstract. Full Text: EMAIL FREE FULL TEXT EMAIL FREE FULL TEXT · DOWNLOAD FULL TEXT DOWNLOAD FULL TEXT · AJOL African Journals Online. HOW TO USE AJOL... for Researchers · for Librarians · for Authors ...
An overview is given of the environmental quality in the Dutch province Noord-Holland in the year 2002. Special attention is paid to safety, energy, agriculture and the airport Schiphol. The report is available in electronic form in parts, discussing Social developments, the quality of Air, Soil, and Water, Public Health, Nature, Safety, Energy, Agriculture, and Schiphol (airport) [nl
Fritzsche, Barbara A.; McIntire, Sandra A.; Yost, Amy Powell
Data from 559 undergraduates provided modest evidence that Holland's taxonomy of work environments moderated the relationship between personality and performance. The traits of agreeableness and conscientiousness were better predictors of performance in certain environments. The important relationship between personality and performance may be…
Di Scipio, William J.
A principal components analysis was applied to a 135-item pool of the Holland Vocational Preference Inventory, Sixth Revision. The a priori clinical scales were partially upheld with differences attributed to the characteristics of the sample and sociopolitical time context during which the test was administered. (Author)
Cornelisse, Charles Louis Eduard
This study analyses the economical and commercial development of Holland in the late Middle Ages, focusing on the fuel market and fuel trade. Energy was of vital importance to this society in which industry, trade and export were expanding rapidly. The brisk commercial and industrial development of
Rozinskaya Natalia, A.
Full Text Available This paper, following the approach of the Dutch scholars de Vries and vab der Woude, claims that the Netherlands, rather than England (as it is generally assumed, were the first country, which performed the transition from the traditional society to modern one. Identification of criteria distinguishing traditional and modern societies follows the works of W. Rostow, S. Kuznets and other authors who studied the issue. In order to prove the thesis, author compares urbanization level in Holland and in England, as well as degree of commercialization of those economies, and considers the process of commercial and productive specialization in the United Provinces. Besides that, the formation of modern-type institutional system in Holland is analyzed: the genesis of the markets of factors of production, development of monetary and credit systems and of institutional and technological basis of the industry, strengthening of competitive forces in the economy. Land ownership structure in Holland is considered and its role in genesis of the markets of factors of production. Attention is paid to technological basis of the industry, examined is the impact of immigration. It concludes that the Netherlands were the first country where modern economic growth, as defined by S. Kuznets, started. It was Holland where for the first time the markets of factors of production were formed and, what is particularly important, the industry began to operate on a competitive basis.
van der Genugten, B.B.
This paper considers the cardgame Blackjack according to the rules of Holland Casino's in the Netherlands. Expected gains of strategies are derived with simulation and also with analytic tools. New effiency concepts based on the gains of the basic and the optimal strategy are introduced. A general
Heesacker, Martin; And Others
Published research on vocational interests and personality has not often assessed the characteristics of workers and the work environment in blue-collar, women-dominated industries. This study administered the Self-Directed Search (Form E) to 318 sewing machine operators in three clothing factories. Holland codes, productivity, job satisfaction,…
Wakefield, James A.; And Others
Holland's Vocational Preference Inventory was administered to 115 black undergraduate college students. The scales for the black subjects correspond generally to Holland's model but not as well as they do for white subjects. Three weaknesses in the correspondence between the scales of black students and Holland's model were identified. (Author)
Palmer, David C
The history of the writing of Verbal Behavior (Skinner, 1957), Chomsky's review (1959), and MacCorquodale's rebuttal (1970) are briefly summarized. Chomsky's recent reflections on his review are analyzed: Chomsky's refusal to acknowledge the review's errors or its aggressive tone is consistent with his polemical style but comes at a minor cost in consistency and plausibility. However, his remarks about the place of Skinner's work in science reveal misunderstandings so great that they undercut the credibility of the review substantially. The gradual growth in the influence of Skinner's book suggests that its legacy will endure. PMID:22478467
The article describes how, despite huge revenues from North Sea gas, Holland is currently suffering from unemployment and its long-term prospects are poor. In light of this, Mr. Ellman discusses the implications of North Sea oil for the UK economy. He sites three distinguishable policies that the UK government could adopt in the face of the huge import saving and export creation that North Sea hydrocarbons will soon bring--sound finance, demand management, and structural modernization. (MCW)
Catania, A Charles
Skinner's Science and Human Behavior marked a transition from a treatment of behavior that took physics as its reference science to one that emphasized behavior as a fundamental part of the subject matter of biology. The book includes what may be Skinner's earliest statement about the similarity of operant selection to Darwinian natural selection in phylogeny. Other major topics discussed in the book included multiple causation, private events, the self, and social contingencies. Among the important antecedents were Skinner's own Behavior of Organisms and Keller & Schoenfeld's Pincinples of Psychology. Current developments in education, behavioral economics, and some behavior therapies can be attributed at least in part to Skinner's seminal work. The effective behavioral analysis of governmental and religious systems will probably depend on elaborations of our understanding of verbal behavior.
Road authorities and police corpses in the province of Zuid-Holland gather data in many ways on a variety of traffic activities such as traffic counts, speed measurements, and alcohol controls. The Provincial Road Safety Board of Zuid-Holland would like to monitor the provincial road safety with
The formation of the Dutch state has recurrently been related to a 'financial revolution' dating from the 1540s, which created a market for provincial 'renten' (annuities) funded by provincial excises and eagerly bought by 'rentiers' in the province of Holland. New research into Holland's public
Frantz, Thomas T.; Walsh, E. Pierce
The purpose of the present study was to refine many of the constructs used in Holland's theory of vocational choice by investigating definitions and relationships that comprise the theory. As well, this study concerned itself with establishing usefulness of applying Holland's theory to students in a graduate school environment. (Author)
Kool, Jakob Heije
Ce fut de 1820 à 1830 que la gloire des Meditations atteguit en Hollande son apogée. Les témoignages d'amiration que contiennent les correspondances, les journeaux intimes, et les revnes de l'époque, puis les éditions qui turent publiées en hollande, et les traductions nombrenses qui y furent
Wakefield, James A., Jr.; Doughtie, Eugene B.
Holland's Vocational Preference Inventory was administered to 373 undergraduates. The 11 scales of the inventory were intercorrelated and factor analyzed. Six common factors were obtained. The placement of the six personality types in six-dimensional space by factor analysis corresponded closely to Holland's model. (Author)
Pike, Gary R.
Holland's theory of vocational preferences provides a powerful framework for studying students' college experiences. A basic proposition of Holland's theory is that individuals actively seek out and select environments that are congruent with their personality types. Although studies consistently support the self-selection proposition, they have…
Hartung, Paul J.
In both Gestalt therapy and Holland's theory of vocational choice, person-environment interaction receives considerable emphasis. Gestalt therapy theory suggests that people make contact (that is, meet needs) through a characteristic style of interacting with the environment. Holland identifies six personality types in his theory and asserts that…
Neuringer, Allen; Englert, Walter
This paper examines similarities in the works of Epicurus, an ancient Greek philosopher, and B. F. Skinner, a behavioral psychologist. They both were empiricists who argued in favor of the lawfulness of behavior while maintaining that random events were included within those laws. They both devoted much effort to describing how individuals could live effective, rewarding and pleasurable lives. They both emphasized simple and natural pleasures (or reinforcers) and the importance of combining personal pleasures with actions that benefit friends and community. They both opposed punishment and all aversive measures used by governments and religions to control behaviors. And both created utopias: a real community, The Garden, where Epicurus lived with his followers, and a fictional one, Walden Two, by Skinner. We consider how a combination of the ideas of Epicurus and Skinner can contribute to their common goal of helping people to live better lives. © 2016 Society for the Experimental Analysis of Behavior.
Schneider, Susan M.; Morris, Edward K.
This paper describes the origins and evolution of the term radical behaviorism. John B. Watson's coining of behaviorism in 1913 is presented first, followed by a discussion of the uses of “radical” within psychology during these early years. When the term radical behaviorism first emerged in the early 1920s, its referent was Watson's behaviorism, most specifically his stance on consciousness. In the 1930s, B. F. Skinner described his own position with the term radical behaviorism in an unpublished manuscript, and then in 1945 first referred in print to his views as such. Today, radical behaviorism is generally applied to Skinner's views alone. The paper concludes with a brief discussion of a similarity in Watson's and Skinner's positions on consciousness, which seems a possible historical and philosophical connection between their respective radical behaviorisms. PMID:22477958
Esch, Barbara E.; Esch, John W.; Palmer, David C.
When the B. F. Skinner Foundation reprinted Skinner's "Verbal Behavior" in 1992, Jack Michael wrote one of its two forewords, a detailed outline of the book's purpose and scope. On the 60th anniversary of the first publication (1957) of "Verbal Behavior", Jack reflects on the book's impact and its importance to the…
DeSouza, Andresa A.; Akers, Jessica S.; Fisher, Wayne W.
Sundberg and Michael (2011) reviewed the contributions of Skinner's (1957) "Verbal Behavior" to the treatment of language delays in children with autism spectrum disorder (ASD) and discussed several aspects of interventions, including mand training, intraverbal repertoire development, and the importance of using Skinner's taxonomy of…
Schlinger, Henry D.
The year 2007 marked the 50th anniversary of the publication of B. F. Skinner's "Verbal Behavior", a book that by Skinner's own account was his most important. The received view, however, is that a devastating review by a young linguist not only rendered Skinner's interpretation of language moot but was also a major factor in ending the hegemony…
Gilbert Ryle's (1949) and Ludwig Wittgenstein's (1953; 1958; 1974/78) conceptual analyses of verbal understanding are presented. For Ryle, the term understanding signifies simultaneously an acquired disposition and a behavioral episode. For Wittgenstein, it signifies simultaneously a skill and a criterial behavior. Both argued that episodes of understanding comprise heterogenious classes of behaviors, and that each member of such a class is neither a necessary nor a sufficient condition of understanding. Next, an approach integrating the analyses of Ryle and Wittgenstein with that of Skinner is presented. Lastly, it is argued that this integrated analysis adequately counters Parrott's (1984) argument that understanding, for Skinner, is potential behavior and not an event.
Chomsky's (1959) review of "Verbal Behavior" (Skinner, 1957) has been hailed as the most influential document in the history of psychology. Although many rejoinders to Chomsky's review have been published, their impact has been minimal. Moreover, Chomsky has not answered them in detail. To invite Chomsky to revisit a number of matters concerning…
Morris, Edward K.; Lazo, Junelyn F.; Smith, Nathaniel G.
This paper brings some data to bear on the criticisms, claims, and arguments that Skinner (a) denied or dismissed biological participation in behavior, (b) addressed it only late in his career or more often later than earlier, or (c) addressed it only because of the overwhelming evidence for it or the criticisms that he had overlooked it. For…
the reproductive tracts disected out and compared mor- phologically, histologically and histochemically as described by Skinner and Rowson ( 1968). The 30 farmers who replied to the questionnaire lrad a total of 7945 rams in their flock in 1970. Only ttree farmers reported no cryptorchids and the average percentage was | ...
Stockwell, Fawna; Eshlelman, John
Using a deck of 60 Say All Fast a Minute Every Day Shuffled (SAFMEDS) cards, a learner established a fluent verbal repertoire related to the key terms of Skinner's (1957) analysis of verbal behavior. This learner was required to see the phrase printed on the front of the card and to say the term printed on the back. Regular timings were recorded…
Dymond, Simon; Alonso-Alvarez, Benigno
In a recent article, Schlinger (2008) marked the 50th anniversary of the publication of Skinner's "Verbal Behavior" (1957) by considering its impact on the field of behaviorism and research on verbal behavior. In the present article, we comment on Schlinger's conclusions regarding the impact of the book and highlight the extensions and…
Sundberg, Mark L.
Skinner discussed the topic of motivation in every chapter of the book "Verbal Behavior" (1957), usually with his preferred terminology of ''deprivation, satiation, and aversive stimulation.'' In the current paper, direct quotations are used to systematically take the reader through 30 separate points made by Skinner…
McKerchar, Todd L.; Morris, Edward K.; Smith, Nathaniel G.
This paper describes and analyzes B. F. Skinner's coauthoring practices. After identifying his 35 coauthored publications and 27 coauthors, we analyze his coauthored works by their form (e.g., journal articles) and kind (e.g., empirical); identify the journals in which he published and their type (e.g., data-type); describe his overall and local…
The copper case is often used as an example in resource depletion studies. Despite these studies, several profound uncertainties remain in the system. One of these uncertainties is the distribution of copper grades in the lithosphere. The Skinner thesis promotes the idea that copper grades may be
Andery, M. A.; Micheletto, N.; Serio, T. M.
This paper explores the historical development of Skinner's treatment of meaning from 1930 to 1957. Twelve papers published between 1934 and 1957, and parts of "The Behavior of Organisms and Science and Human Behavior" related to verbal behavior, were analyzed. Before 1945 meaning was taken as a property of the verbal response, and from 1945 on,…
Claus, Calvin K.
B. F. Skinner and T. N. Whitehead recalled a personal interaction in 1934, with differing memories of the event. No evidence of other subsequent interactions or mutual citations has been found. Although they went their separate ways, three similarities in their research strategies have been found and are discussed. Elements of Whitehead's…
Palmer, D. C.
The history of the writing of "Verbal Behavior" (Skinner, 1957), Chomsky's review (1959), and MacCorquodale's rebuttal (1970) are briefly summarized. Chomsky's recent reflections on his review are analyzed: Chomsky's refusal to acknowledge the review's errors or its aggressive tone is consistent with his polemical style but comes at a minor cost…
Dixon, Mark R.; Small, Stacey L.; Rosales, Rocio
The present paper comments on and extends the citation analysis of verbal operant publications based on Skinner's "Verbal Behavior" (1957) by Dymond, O'Hora, Whelan, and O'Donovan (2006). Variations in population parameters were evaluated for only those studies that Dymond et al. categorized as empirical. Preliminary results indicate that the…
Bauer, Mary; Neimand, Hahn
This document is a teacher's guide to the historic buildings of Eugene, Oregon. Eighteen buildings in the Skinner's Butte Historical District are highlighted, including the U.S. Post Office, the Eagles Building, the Lane Hotel, the Oregon Electric Depot, the Southern Pacific Railroad Depot, and several houses. For each structure there is a brief…
Johnson, Gaige; Kohler, Kelly; Ross, Denise
The purpose of the current paper is to describe the impact of applied behaviour analysis on language treatment for children with autism spectrum disorders (ASDs) diagnoses. Specifically, this paper will describe Skinner's theory of verbal behaviour and its contributions to evidence-based treatments for communication deficits among individuals with…
Lobjakas, Ahto, 1970-
Hollandi justiitsministri Piet Hein Donneri sõnul otsib EL-i praegune eesistujamaa Holland lahendusi, mis aitaksid põgenikke ja potentsiaalseid asüülitaotlejaid paremini kaitsta nende asukohariikide läheduses
Estonia kontserdisaalis esineb ERSO ees tippviiuldaja Lara St. John. Holland Music Sessions'i meistrikursustele pääses konkursi korras kuus eesti noort muusikut. Vene Draamateatris 17. III toimuvast kontserdist "Georg Otsa jälgedes"
Rui-Bo Jin; Mikio Fujiwara; Ryosuke Shimizu; Robert J. Collins; Gerald S. Buller; Taro Yamashita; Shigehito Miki; Hirotaka Terai; Masahiro Takeoka; Masahide Sasaki
The NOON state, and its experimental approximation the Holland-Burnett state, have important applications in phase sensing measurement with enhanced sensitivity. However, most of the previous Holland-Burnett state interference (HBSI) experiments only investigated the area of the interference pattern in the region immediately around zero optical path length difference, while the full HBSI pattern over a wide range of optical path length differences has not yet been well explored. In this work,...
Skinner, et al. interpreted as significant the difference between means for Canadian men and women on Kirton's inventory and those for British and American samples. The means were similar to prior values. Skinner, et al.'s groups were large and composed of very unequal numbers of men and women, which factors could account for their interpretation. As reported, their analysis is insufficient to interpret very small mean variations as differences in national character.
Mendoza, Catalino N.
The study is about the prevailing differences, commonalities and significant contributions of the career pathing among the general administrative and support services employees based on Holland's Typology of Personality Theory and Personal Style Inventory of selected higher educational institutions in Metro Manila.
Full Text Available Penelope Skinner's drama The Village Bike deals with issues ranging from pregnancy to sexuality, pornography and sexual exploration. In this article I focus on the way these issues are presented and explain why pornography and sexual exploration belong to the postfeminist ideology. Namely, the author uncritically deals with these issues, objectifies a woman's body and favours gender constructs. Contemporary British drama by women playwrights is not marked by its engagement with feminism even though it might declare itself as pro-feminist or feminist. Penelope Skinner is one of the contemporary playwrights. I try to present that even though her drama seems to appear provocative at first sight this is not really the case. The provocation does not offer a critical insight and distance. I argue that this drama is postfeminist because it mainstreams pornography and presents a peculiar view on the part of sexual liberation, which is very limited.
Full Text Available Marek’s disease is a viral lymphoproliferative disease of poultry characterized by the creation of lymphoma in muscle, skin, eye or internal organs. Virus maturing into infective forms in follicular epithelium from where enters in the external environment where long time remains infectious. Poultry are infected by dust and remains the holder of the virus throughout their lives. The virus is transmitted vertically. The disease can occur in three forms: nervous, visceral and skin. Affected poultry may have any shape or combination of these. The aim of this study was to determine the cause of the disorder the health status in the flock of holland white crested chickens. Flock had 25 chickens whose ages ranged from 4-16 weeks. Observation, we noticed that the chickens are cachectic, showing signs of sporadic diarrhea and died 3 hens and 2 roosters. Pathoanatomical examination is ascertained changes in certain internal organs. The liver was enlarged with lymphoid proliferate on the surface and in the parenchyma, spleen increased several times and marbled, glandular stomach (proventriculus dilated with petechial hemorrhages on mucose. Changed organs was examination histopathological. In the liver were observed multifocal lymphoid infiltration with subsequent atrophy of the parenchyma, in addition to spleen lymphoid proliferation heterophyllus and histiocytic infiltrates, in proventriculus lymphoblastic infiltration with congestion of capillaries and small haemorrhages. In samples pathologically altered organs PCR method proved the genome of Marek’s disease virus serotype 1 . Based on these results we concluded that the livestock were sick from Marek’s disease, which is expressed in visceral form.
Stein, L; Xue, B G; Belluzzi, J D
A novel "in vitro reinforcement" paradigm was used to investigate Skinner's (1953) hypotheses (a) that operant behavior is made up of infinitesimal "response elements" or "behavioral atoms" and (b) that these very small units, and not whole responses, are the functional units of reinforcement. Our tests are based on the assumption that behavioral atoms may plausibly be represented at the neural level by individual cellular responses. As a first approach, we attempted to reinforce the bursting...
Cai, Jianxian; Hong, Li; Cheng, Lina; Yu, Ruihong
Fuzzy Skinner Operant Conditioning Automaton (FSOCA) sastavljen je na temelju Operant Conditioning mehanizma primjenom teorije neizrazitih skupova. Osnovno obilježje automata FSOCA je sljedeće: neizraziti rezultati stanja pomoću Gausove funkcije koriste se kao skupovi neizrazitog stanja; neizrazita pravila preslikavanja (fuzzy mapping rules) kod fuzzy-conditioning-operacije zamjenjuju stohastičke "conditioning-operant" skupove preslikavanja. Stoga se automat FSOCA može koristiti za opisivanje...
Cristiane Oliveira Alves Telles Nunes
Full Text Available Sabendo-se da importância do desenvolvimento da linguagem para a evolução global do indivíduo e que teóricos como Jerome Bruner e Burrhus Frederic Skinner trouxeram contribuições relevantes para o estudo da linguagem, este artigo tem por objetivo contribuir para a compreensão das obras desses autores, no que diz respeito ao desenvolvimento da linguagem, apresentando possíveis pontos de divergência e de convergência entre eles. Para isso, obras clássicas de Bruner e Skinner sobre o desenvolvimento da linguagem são analisadas, assim como alguns artigos que discutem pontos importantes sobre essa temática. Pontos de divergência são encontrados nas teorias de Bruner e Skinner, tais como a diferença nos termos usados por esses autores para se referirem ao que comumente chama-se de linguagem, assim como o fato de dados de observação sistemática serem utilizados por Bruner em sua obra clássica sobre linguagem, característica não encontrada no livro clássico de Skinner sobre comportamento verbal. No entanto, nota-se, também, pontos de convergência nas obras desses autores, como por exemplo, o aspecto pragmatista da linguagem apontado por ambos, assim como a importância do adulto e da cultura para que a criança desenvolva a linguagem.
Full Text Available Um dos aspectos mais interessantes e polêmicos da obra de B. F. Skinner é sua interpretação sobre a evolução das culturas. De acordo com o autor, as conseqüências de práticas culturais retroagem sobre as culturas, no sentido de aumentar ou diminuir suas chances de sobrevivência. O livro "Colapso", do biólogo e geógrafo norte-americano Jared Diamond, apresenta semelhanças marcantes com a teoria de Skinner, evidenciando que as conseqüências de práticas culturais têm influência decisiva sobre o destino das culturas. Este artigo busca detalhar tais semelhanças, argumentando que o livro de Diamond serve como complemento à teoria skinneriana, pois ilustra com exemplos concretos as afirmações gerais de Skinner sobre a evolução das culturas e, com isso, confere-lhes maior clareza e credibilidade.One of the most interesting and polemic features of B. F. Skinner's work is his interpretation about cultural evolution. According to that author, the consequences of cultural practices have a retroactive effect over the cultures, increasing or decreasing their chances of survival. The book "Collapse" - written by the north-American biologist and geographer Jared Diamond - shows remarkable resemblances with Skinner's theory making clear that the consequences of cultural practices have a decisive influence over the fate of cultures. This paper aims to detail such resemblances, considering that Diamond's book serves as a complement to Skinner's theory, because it illustrates with concrete examples the general statements made by Skinner about cultural evolution and, by doing so, makes these statements clearer and more credible.
Smith, Terry L
Beginning in the 1950s, B.F. Skinner made increasing reference to an analogy between operant conditioning and natural selection. This analogy is the basis of an argument that, in contrast to Skinner's other critiques of cognitive science, is neither epistemological nor pragmatic. Instead, it is based on the claim that ontogenetic adaptation is due to a special mode of causation he called "selection by consequences." He argued that this mode of causation conflicts with explanations that attribute action to an autonomous agent with reasons for acting. This argument dismisses ordinary explanations of action, and has implications not only for cognitive science but also for morals. Skinner cited the latter implications to counter objections to the application of behavior analysis to the reform of society and its institutions. Skinner's critique, however, rests upon empirical assumptions that have been criticized by other behavior analysts. Although for Skinner the major role of the analogy was to propose an empirical thesis, it also can play a metaphysical role-namely, to demonstrate the possibility of ontogenetic adaptation without reference to agents who have reasons for acting. These two roles, empirical and metaphysical, are the mirror image of the empirical and metaphysical roles of the computer analogy for cognitive science. That analogy also can be (and has been) interpreted as an empirical thesis. Its empirical implications, however, have been difficult to confirm. It also, however, has played a metaphysical role-namely, to demonstrate the possibility that a physical process could perform logical operations on states having propositional content. Neither analogy provides a well-confirmed, general answer to the question of how to explain the process of ontogenetic adaptation. But together they show there are two metaphysically coherent, but conflicting, answers to this question. Depending upon one's epistemology, the analogy with natural selection may provide a
Psychologist B. F. Skinner developed and promoted a technology of behavior as the basis for widespread social reform over much of his career. In 1948, he published his behaviorally engineered vision of the good life in his utopian novel Walden Two (Skinner, 1948). Skinner's efforts were part of a much larger social engineering tradition that received one of its fullest expressions in the Technocracy Movement of the 1930s. Fifteen years before Skinner's Walden Two , at the height of the Technocracy Movement's public visibility in the United States, technocrat Harold Loeb (1933/1996) published his utopia, Life in a Technocracy: What It Might Be Like . In this article, I place the socially engineered visions of the good life promoted by the Technocracy Movement and by Skinner on an intellectual and ideological continuum to amplify and explore American attitudes toward psychology, technology, and social engineering during the middle decades of the 20th century. I argue that responses to both reveal the possibilities and limits of the social engineering enterprise, and suggest that historians of technology might consider how the history of psychology and other psy-disciplines can deepen conceptualizations of the relationships among the psychological, the social, and the technological in this period. (PsycINFO Database Record (c) 2017 APA, all rights reserved).
The book is structured as follows. Chapter 1 introduces medieval Holland as a significant entity for institutional-economic development by discussing how the state created a county wide societal structure. As a proto-territorial state Holland had a uniform judiciary, a government apparatus that gave
Cox, Joseph Carel Marie
Between 1213 and 1484, numerous towns came into being in the counties of Holland and Zeeland, resulting in the rapid transformation of Holland in particular, into a “landscape of towns” where a large proportion of the county’s population – well above the average for that period - came to live. The
Leong, Frederick T. L.; Austin, James T.; Sekaran, Uma; Komarraju, Meera
Natives of India (n=172) completed Holland's Vocational Preference Inventory and job satisfaction measures. The inventory did not exhibit high external validity with this population. Congruence, consistency, and differentiation did not predict job or occupational satisfaction, suggesting cross-cultural limits on Holland's theory. (SK)
Dans cet article, nous cherchons à penser les enjeux philosophiques et politiques de l’application des méthodes interprétatives en histoire de la philosophie politique. À partir d’une étude de l’interprétation de Machiavel développée par Quentin Skinner, nous interrogeons la relation entre l’exposition théorique de sa méthodologie et son application effective à la pensée machiavélienne. Dans un premier temps, nous exposons les fondements du contextualisme skinnérien, en insistant d’une part s...
Barbero-Linan, MarIa; EcheverrIa-EnrIquez, Arturo; Diego, David MartIn de; Munoz-Lecanda, Miguel C; Roman-Roy, Narciso
A geometric approach to time-dependent optimal control problems is proposed. This formulation is based on the Skinner and Rusk formalism for Lagrangian and Hamiltonian systems. The corresponding unified formalism developed for optimal control systems allows us to formulate geometrically the necessary conditions given by a weak form of Pontryagin's maximum principle, provided that the differentiability with respect to controls is assumed and the space of controls is open. Furthermore, our method is also valid for implicit optimal control systems and, in particular, for the so-called descriptor systems (optimal control problems including both differential and algebraic equations)
Rey, Angel M.; Román-Roy, Narciso; Salgado, Modesto; Vilariño, Silvia
The k-cosymplectic Lagrangian and Hamiltonian formalisms of first-order classical field theories are reviewed and completed. In particular, they are stated for singular and almost-regular systems. Subsequently, several alternative formulations for k-cosymplectic first-order field theories are developed: First, generalizing the construction of Tulczyjew for mechanics, we give a new interpretation of the classical field equations. Second, the Lagrangian and Hamiltonian formalisms are unified by giving an extension of the Skinner-Rusk formulation on classical mechanics.
浜野, 保樹; ハマノ, ヤスキ; Yasuki, Hamano
The teaching machine invented by B.F. Skinner was recog-nized as one of few clear achievements of scientific pedagogy and even appeared in SF. Arthur C. Clarke who wrote the script of the SF movie "2001: A Space Odyssey" with Stanley Kubrick wanted to scientifically define a monolith to be a God who had given intelligence to our ancestors. In other words, he wanted to describe a monolith as a teaching machine as well as a God. However Kubrick did not want to make clear about what a monolith i...
ELBERTO ANTONIO PLAZAS
Full Text Available This writing is an homage to the work of B. F. Skinner, now that we recently celebrate a century of hisbirthday. Most of current psychology texts are centered in the author’s experimental discoveries withoutputting them in the epistemological context position that sustains them, generating a deformed image ofhis ideas. This writing searches to clarify some of the aspects of Skinner’s work that are more misinterpreted,in particular his epistemology, his scientific behavior and his position in front of the complex humanbehavior, with the purpose of fomenting a precise image of his work and his science: the ExperimentalAnalysis of the Behavior.
Rocconi, Louis M.; Ribera, Amy K.; Nelson Laird, Thomas F.
This study examines the extent to which college seniors' plans for graduate school are related to their tendency to engage in deep approaches to learning (DAL) and their academic environments (majors) as classified by Holland type. Using data from the National Survey of Student Engagement, we analyzed responses from over 116,000 seniors attending…
... relating to the regulation of a drug product under the act and that the type of conduct underlying the... product under the act and (2) that the type of conduct underlying the conviction undermines the process... Acting Chief Scientist and Deputy Commissionerhas considered Holland's arguments and concludes that they...
Heesacker, Martin; And Others
Administered Self-Directed Search to sewing machine operators to determine Holland code, and assessed work productivity, job satisfaction, absenteeism, and insurance claims. Most workers were of the Social code. Social subjects were the most satisfied, Conventional and Realistic subjects next, and subjects of other codes less so. Productivity of…
Full Text Available The factors common to the Self Directed Search of Holland (SDS and the new South African Vocational Interest Inventory (SAVII. The new South African Vocational Interest Inventory was locally developed with the purpose to create a single vocational interest inventory for all population groups in the RSA. In this study the common factors underlying the SDS and the SAVII were determined with the aid of interbattery factor analysis. The results indicate that there are six common factors underlying the two instruments for both the standard nine boys and girls, and that these factors agree with the six factors built into the SDS by Holland. Opsomming Die nuwe Suid-Afrikaanse Beroepsbelangstellingsvraelys (SABBV is plaaslik ontwikkel met die doel om 'n enkele beroepsbelangstellingsvraelys vir alle bevolkingsgroepe binne die RSA, daar te stel. In hierdie studie is daar ondersoek ingestel na die gemeenskaplike faktore onderliggend aan die SABBV en die Selfondersoekvraelys (SOV van Holland met behulp van 'n interbatteryfaktorontleding. Daar is bevind dat daar ses gemeenskaplike faktore onderliggend aan die twee instrumente is vir sowel standerd nege seuns as dogters, en dat hierdie faktore ooreenstem met die ses faktore wat deur Holland in die SOV ingebou is.
Einarsdottir, Sif; Rounds, James; Su, Rong
An emic approach was used to test the structural validity and applicability of Holland's (1997) RIASEC (Realistic, Investigative, Artistic, Social, Enterprising, Conventional) model in Iceland. Archival data from the development of the Icelandic Interest Inventory (Einarsdottir & Rounds, 2007) were used in the present investigation. The data…
This study investigates the applicability of Holland's career development theory in cross-cultural settings by examining vocational interests of Chinese college students and the relationship between those interests and their career choices. One hundred sixty five Chinese college students complete a Chinese version of the Self-Directed Search and a…
Two responses to Hollander (EC 220 057) and the author's counter-response note similarities between "mercy killing" of people with mental retardation and deliberate abortion of the unborn, misuse of the history of eugenics, and a defense of the author's historical scholarship. (DB)
Pseekos, A. Chantelle; Bullock-Yowell, Emily; Dahlen, Eric R.
The researchers examined the impact of person-environment (P-E) fit, as defined by Holland's (1997) theory, on interpersonal conflict at work (ICAW) and workplace aggression. In addition, previous relationships found in the job satisfaction literature were examined in the present sample of 244 United States employees. Internet-based surveys were…
Klassikalise muusika festivalil "Holland-Festival" 1.-26. juun. Amsterdamis on aukülaliseks Arvo Pärt, kelle muusikat esitatakse 7.-10. ja 18. juunil Amsterdami Uues kirikus (Nieuwe Kerk), Muziekgebouw aan het Ij-is ja Concertgebouw's
Smart, John C.; Ethington, Corinna A.; Umbach, Paul D.
This study examines the extent to which faculty members in the disparate academic environments of Holland's theory devote different amounts of time in their classes to alternative pedagogical approaches and whether such differences are comparable for those in "consistent" and "inconsistent" environments. The findings show wide variations in the…
The Hague Holland Spoor is a representative main station in the Netherlands railvi/ay network, its current form of operation and passenger organisation is being limited by its infrastructure. Also its infrastructure restricts the main network capacity of the Netherlands between Leiden, The Hague and
Brown, Michael T.; And Others
Used Holland's Vocational Preference Inventory (VPI) and a self-monitoring scale to examine 237 undergraduates' association between self-monitoring and occupational preferences. Regression analyses revealed correlations between gender, self-monitoring propensity, and preferred occupational types (i.e., social, enterprising, or artistic). (TE)
According to neo-institutional economics, markets are shaped by man-made rules and practices that determine market efficiency. Departing from this hypothesis, the dissertation examines how the organisation of commodity markets contributed to the rapid commercialisation of the county of Holland in
Gelderblom, O.C.|info:eu-repo/dai/nl/19265473X; Jonker, J.P.B.|info:eu-repo/dai/nl/075034638
The debate over the institutions that link economic growth to public finance tends to disregard the need for savings to finance growing public debt. In seventeenth-century Holland the structure, size, and issuing rates of the debt were determined by investors’ preferences, wealth accumulation, and
de Goede, Joyce; Steenkamer, Betty; Treurniet, Henriëtte; Putters, Kim; van Oers, Hans
A comprehensive report has been prepared on the state of public health and healthcare in the Midden-Holland region of the Netherlands. This study describes the development of the report and the mechanisms behind public health knowledge utilisation by three groups of health policy actors: local authorities, public health professionals and regional…
Huibers, Linda; Olesen, Frede; Moth, Grete
Artiklen beskriver det danske og hollandske sundhedsvæsen kort og fokuserer på lægevagten. Begge landene har lægevagter, men der er interessante forskelle i organisering. Største forskel er i telefon visitation, med sygeplejersker i Holland og læger i Danmark. I artiklen drøfter vi om hvad det...
Data from 725 Norwegian adults were analyzed using Holland's and Schein's theories. Although some correlation between the type of work preferred and career goal were found, the two types of decisions were not highly related. Persons' career anchors cannot be derived from assessment of their vocational personality and vice versa. (SK)
Kong, Jin; Xu, Yonghong Jade; Zhang, Hao
In this study, data collected from 875 college freshman and sophomore students enrolled in a 4-year university in central China are used to examine the applicability and validity of a Chinese version of Holland's Self-Directed Search (SDS) that was adapted in the 1990s. The total sample was randomly divided into two groups. Data from the first…
Torenvliet, S.; Pennekamp, E.
In verschillende fabrieken van ICI Holland worden grondstoffen voor polyrethaan, acrylaat, polyesterfilm en grondstoffen voor PET-flessen gemaakt. Werknemers in deze fabrieken krijgen training over de specifieke gevaren. Ook moeten examens afgelegd worden over die gevaren. Dit artikel beschrijft hoe
Fritschy, W.; M.Boone en C.A. Davids,
An analysis of the development of Amsterdam's and Holland's public debt between 1500 and 1800 led to the following conclusion. If public finance is the nerve of any state-system, it is quite adequate to describe the Dutch Republic as a league of seven 'province-republics', much less so, however, to
Rocha, César Antonio Alves da
Resumo Da obra de B. F. Skinner fazem parte preocupações de ordem epistemológica, encerrando discussões sobre metodologia e critérios de verdade, e outras de ordem política e social, concernentes à relação entre ciência e sociedade. De um discurso, em alguns aspectos, coincidentes com uma forma de positivismo, Skinner passou a crítico de tendências puramente formalistas sobre o método científico, e de uma defesa do gerenciamento da sociedade por especialistas, passou a uma crítica à centraliz...
Vargas, E. A.
A series of quotes from B. F. Skinner illustrates the importance of form in his analysis of verbal behavior. In that analysis, form plays an important part in contingency control. Form and function complement each other. Function, the array of variables that control a verbal utterance, dictates the meaning of a specified form; form, as stipulated…
Visser, O.; Busquet, E.H.; Leeuwen, F.E. van; Aaronson, N.K.; Öry, F.G.
Doel. Beschrijven van de incidentie van baarmoederhalskanker bij vrouwen in Noord-Holland naar geboorteland. Opzet. Beschrijvend epidemiologisch onderzoek op basis van kankerregistratiegegevens. Methode. Met behulp van de regionale kankerregistratie van het Integraal Kankercentrum Amsterdam (IKA)
Jin, Rui-Bo; Fujiwara, Mikio; Shimizu, Ryosuke; Collins, Robert J.; Buller, Gerald S.; Yamashita, Taro; Miki, Shigehito; Terai, Hirotaka; Takeoka, Masahiro; Sasaki, Masahide
The NOON state, and its experimental approximation the Holland-Burnett state, have important applications in phase sensing measurement with enhanced sensitivity. However, most of the previous Holland-Burnett state interference (HBSI) experiments only investigated the area of the interference pattern in the region immediately around zero optical path length difference, while the full HBSI pattern over a wide range of optical path length differences has not yet been well explored. In this work, we experimentally and theoretically demonstrate up to six-photon HBSI and study the properties of the interference patterns over a wide range of optical path length differences. It was found that the shape, the coherence time and the visibility of the interference patterns were strongly dependent on the detection schemes. This work paves the way for applications which are based on the envelope of the HBSI pattern, such as quantum spectroscopy and quantum metrology.
Chomsky's (1959) review of Verbal Behavior (Skinner, 1957) has been hailed as the most influential document in the history of psychology. Although many rejoinders to Chomsky's review have been published, their impact has been minimal. Moreover, Chomsky has not answered them in detail. To invite Chomsky to revisit a number of matters concerning the review, he was interviewed. The principal topics addressed by Chomsky were (a) historical factors associated with behaviorism after World War II; (b) circumstances surrounding the preparation of the review; (c) likely compatibility between formal and functional analyses of language; and (d) Chomsky's current point of view on aspects of the content of his review and on the evolution of behavior analysis.
Marcos Antônio Lopes
Full Text Available Após retratar o surgimento da Escola histórica do pensamento político de Cambridge, o foco da análise é centrado no desenvolvimento de alguns dos pressupostos teóricos elaborados por um de seus mais expressivos cultores: Quentin Skinner. Sem me ocupar com a exposição de "modelos alternativos" de interpretação de textos ou com a análise das críticas dirigidas ao contextualismo linguístico, passo em revista apenas os elementos que compõem o cerne da teoria interpretativa de textos políticos, conforme formulada pelo historiador inglês. Nesse sentido, discuto os pressupostos que o autor, ainda hoje, parece julgar úteis àqueles que se ocupam em perceber, nos clássicos da política, as diferenças e as singularidades que apartam de nós sistemas de crenças e vocabulários normativos de sociedades políticas perdidas em tempos remotos.After depicting the birth of the Cambridge historical school of political thought, the focus of the analysis is placed on the development of some theoretical assumptions created by one of its most representative followers: Quentin Skinner. Unconcerned with the exposition of "alternative models" for text interpretations or with the analysis of the criticism directed to linguistic contextualism, this study revises the key elements of the interpretative theory of political texts, according to the English historian. In this sense, we discuss the assumptions that the author, even today, seems to deem useful to those who are interested in noticing in classic Politics the uniqueness which set us apart from the system of beliefs and normative vocabulary of the political societies lost in remote times.
Full Text Available La musica del contrabbassista inglese Dave Holland ha radici nel jazz ma dialoga con i linguaggi della tradizione colta. Le esigenze compositive si affiancano alla necessità dell'improvvisazione. Holland espone così la propria poetica: «gli uccelli si riuniscono per cantare insieme, ognuno affermando con il canto la propria libertà. Il mio desiderio è condividere il medesimo spirito con i musicisti e comunicarlo alla gente». Questo studio affronta un'analisi di incisioni significative che mettono in luce i risultati musicali di tale pensiero. Il brano Conference of the birds è un manifesto poetico: esso spicca per le scelte sonore, la metrica, l'incrocio delle voci e le giustapposizioni modali. First snow si caratterizza per la correlazione tra il trattamento armonico e la natura modale delle proposte melodiche. Homecoming presenta una peculiare sequenza di episodi musicali e un significativo rapporto fra soluzioni melodiche e armoniche di carattere tonale e modale. L'analisi solleva interrogativi di rilievo: quali strategie compositive e performative vengono adottate nella musica di Dave Holland? Che legame esse intrattengono con il linguaggio del jazz o della musica 'd'arte'? Che tipo di equilibrio si crea fra la dimensione compositiva e l'improvvisazione? Tentando di fornire risposte a tali domande questo studio mette in luce gli elementi rilevanti della musica di uno maggiori compositori e musicisti del jazz strumentale.
Heloísa Gonçalves Ferreira
Full Text Available Tomasello e Skinner são dois autores que descrevem em suas obras, teorias sobre práticas culturais. O objetivo deste ensaio é apresentar um ponto de convergência e de divergência observados nas definições sobre transmissão cultural, descritas por esses dois autores. Skinner e Tomasello concordam que o estabelecimento da cultura só foi possível através da ação conjunta dos seres humanos dentro de um contexto social específico. Porém, estes dois autores diferem na forma como descrevem os processos pelos quais ocorre a transmissão cultural em contextos humanos.
Emmanuel Zagury Tourinho
Full Text Available O presente estudo examinou referências de B. F. Skinner à fisiologia em textos sobre eventos privados, com o objetivo de identificar elementos para uma demarcação mais precisa das relações entre análise do comportamento e fisiologia. As contribuições de Skinner naquela direção foram categorizadas em seis temas: a variáveis biológicas como constitutivas, mas não definidoras do fenômeno comportamental privado; b autonomia do recorte analítico-comportamental diante dos fatos biológicos/fisiológicos; c limites de controle do comportamento por eventos internos/fisiológicos; d comportamento privado como comportamento do organismo como um todo; e distinção entre contato privilegiado e conhecimento privilegiado; e f preservação do recorte analítico-comportamental em situação de análise aplicada do comportamento. As proposições correspondentes às categorias descritas são apontadas como originais na definição do campo de uma ciência do comportamento e capazes de orientar coerentemente a demarcação das fronteiras entre análise do comportamento e fisiologia enquanto disciplinas independentes e complementares.This study examines B. F. Skinner´s references to physiology in publications dealing with private events, in order to identify elements for a clearer definition of the relations between behavior analysis and physiology. Skinner´s contributions were analyzed with reference to six thematic categories: a biological variables as constitutive, albeit non-defining properties of private behavioral phenomena; b the autonomous nature of the behavioral-analytical approach in the face of biological/physiological facts; c limits of behavior control by internal/physiological events; d private behavior as behavior of the organism as a whole; e a distinction between privileged access and privileged knowledge; f retention of the behavioral-analytical approach in applied behavior analysis. Skinner´s propositions concerning the
Henrique Mesquita Pompermaier
Full Text Available Como a análise do comportamento aborda os fenômenos subjetivos? Seria a teoria de eventos privados a única maneira? Guiado por essas questões, o presente trabalho busca apresentar a abordagem dos fenômenos subjetivos na obra de B. F. Skinner, indicando não apenas a teoria de eventos privados, mas também a possibilidade de abordagens alternativas a essa temática, sem referência à privacidade, por exemplo, por meio da magnitude das ações envolvidas nos fenômenos, níveis (aberto e encoberto do comportamento e conceitos disposicionais. Indica-se ainda uma significativa diferença de ênfase na teoria de eventos privados ao longo da obra skinneriana. Por fim, conduz-se uma discussão sobre o papel da teoria de eventos privados na análise do comportamento para a abordagem dos fenômenos subjetivos.
Tamaki, Y.; Inouye, M.
Male MP 1 albino rats were exposed to x-irradiation in utero at a single dose of 200 R on day 17 of gestation. The light-dark discrimination training in a Skinner box was continued until the animals attained a learning criterion of 0.80 correct response ratio for 3 consecutive days. Although during the unreinforced baseline sessions the total number of bar pressings in the irradiated animals was superior to that in the controls, performance between the control and the irradiated animals did not differ significantly in (a) the number of training days required to attain the learning criterion, (b) the total number of days on which the animals produced a correct response ratio more than 0.80, and (c) the number of consecutive days during which the correct response ratio was more than 0.75. The results obtained suggest that the irradiated animals were able to discriminate in brightness cues as well, or nearly as well, as the controls. The cortical-subcortical system mediating brightness discrimination in the irradiated animals is discussed. (author)
Information on district initiatives on energy conservation in the Dutch province Noord-Holland. Learning for an effective method and communication strategy; Kennisdocument wijkinitiatieven energiebesparing Noord-Holland. Leerpunten voor een effectieve aanpak en communicatiestrategie
Dubbelhuis, D. [DWA installatie- en energieadvies, Bodegraven (Netherlands)
In the Dutch province North Holland several district projects were started in recent years with the purpose to save energy. The Renewable Energy Service Centre analyzed ten such initiatives with the aim to provide municipalities and other initiators with knowledge and information about the experiences [Dutch] In Noord-Holland zijn de afgelopen jaren diverse wijkprojecten opgestart, gericht op energiebesparing. Het Servicepunt Duurzame Energie analyseerde tien van deze initiatieven met het doel om gemeenten en andere initiatiefnemers kennis te laten nemen van de leerervaringen.
R. P. Van Der Merwe
Full Text Available A study was conducted on how to obtain Holland's codes for South African occupations practically and economically by deducing them from information on the nature of the occupation (as derived by means of the Position Analysis Questionnaire. A discriminant analysis revealed that on the basis of the PAQ information the occupations could be distinguished clearly according to the main orientations of their American codes. Regression equations were also developed to predict the mean Self-Directed Search scores of the occupations on the basis of their PAQ information. Opsomming Ondersoek is ingestel om Holland se kodes vir Suid- Afrikaanse beroepe op 'n praktiese en ekonomiese wyse te bekom deur hulle van inligting oor die aard van die beroep (soos verkry met behulp van die Position Analysis Questionnaire af te lei. 'n Diskriminantontleding het getoon dat die beroepe op grond van die PAQ-inligting duidelik volgens die hoofberoepsgroepe van hulle Amerikaanse kodes onderskei kan word. Verder is regressievergelykings ontwikkel om beroepe se gemiddelde Self-Directed Search-tellings op grond van hulle PAQ-inligting te voorspel.
Sobre certas dissimilaridades entre as Investigações filosóficas de Wittgenstein e o behaviorismo radical de Skinner [On certain dissimilarities between Wittgenstein's Philosophical investigations and Skinner's radical behaviorism
Tiago de Oliveira Magalhães
Full Text Available A oposição ao dualismo, ao mentalismo, ao reducionismo e ao referencialismo, bem como a cuidadosa atenção dada ao comportamento, vêm sendo corretamente apontadas como similaridades entre o Behaviorismo Radical de Skinner e a filosofia tardia de Wittgenstein. Com o intuito de contribuir para uma comparação mais completa entre as obras desses autores, este artigo procura evidenciar pontos em torno dos quais eles divergem. Em linhas gerais, algumas das dissimilaridades mais significativas consistem em, contrariamente a Wittgenstein, Skinner alinhar-se à metafilosofia naturalista, dar ênfase à natureza empírica e pragmática do conhecimento, defender a possibilidade de compreensão da normatividade e da racionalidade em termos de regularidades factuais, adotar uma postura eliminativista diante da linguagem comum e empregar o conceito de eventos privados. [The opposition to dualism, mentalism, reductionism and referentialism, as well as the careful attention given to behavior, has been correctly indicated as similarities between Skinner’s Radical Behaviorism and Wittgenstein’s late philosophy. In order to concur to a more complete comparison, this work attempts to highlight points around which these authors diverge. Broadly, some of the most significant dissimilarities are related to the fact that, unlike Wittgenstein, Skinner embraces a naturalist metaphilosophy, emphasizes the empirical and pragmatic nature of knowledge, defends the possibility of understanding normativity and rationality in terms of factual regularities, adopts an eliminativist stance towards common language and makes use of the concept of private events.
Full Text Available ABSTRAK Penelitian dilakukan dengan tujuan untuk mengetahui profil protein hipofisa sapi perah PFH betina fase folikuler dan fase luteal dengan menggunakan metode SDS-PAGE. Hasil penelitian ini diharapkan dapat digunakan sebagai acuan untuk melaksanakan pengujian jenis protein tertentu yang terdapat dalam hipofisa sapi perah PFH.Materi yang digunakan dalam penelitian ini adalah hipofisa sapi perah PFH betina Fase Folikuler dan Fase Luteal. Sampel hipofisa didapatkan dari Rumah Potong Hewan (RPH Singosari Malang. Metode penelitian yang digunakan dalam penelitian ini adalah metode observasi. Dimana sampel hipofisa sapi perah PFH fase folikuler dan fase luteal dilakukan isolasi protein, dan ditentukan Berat Molekul (BM proteinnya. Data yang diperoleh dianalisis dengan menggunakan analisis diskriptif. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan bahwa profil protein hipofisa fase folikuler dan fase luteal sapi perah PFH memiliki perbedaan. Pada hipofisa fase folikuler memiliki 12 pita protein, yaitu 163; 112,3; 101,3; 85,8; 80,6; 71,2; 53,3; 45,2; 39,9; 32,4; 29,8; dan 24,8 kDa. Pada hipofisa fase luteal memiliki 12 pita protein, yaitu 163; 112,3; 101,3; 85,8; 71,2; 60,3; 53,3; 45,2; 39,9; 32,4; 29,8; dan 24,8 kDa. Pita protein yang membedakan adalah pita dengan berat molekul 80,6 kDa hanya terdapat pada hipofisa fase folikuler, dan pita dengan berat molekul 60,3 kDa hanya terdapat pada hipofisa fase luteal. Kesimpulan yang diperoleh dari penelitian ini adalah terdapat perbedaan profil protein yang dihasilkan pada hipofisa fase folikuler dengan hipofisa fase luteal. Saran yang diberikan adalah perlu dilakukan penelitian lanjutan yaitu uji immunoblothing atau westernblothing (WB untuk memastikan keberadaan protein-protein tertentu. Kata kunci: Hipofisa, folikuler, luteal, berat molekul protein. HIPOPHISIS PROTEIN PROFILE OF CROSSBREED FRIESH HOLLAND DAIRY CATTLE IN FOLLICULAR AND LUTEAL PHASE ABSTRACT The aim of this research was to identification of
Angmo, Dechan; Sommeling, Paul M.; Gupta, Ritu
We present an outdoor interlaboratory stability study of fully printed and coated indium-tin-oxide (ITO)-free polymer solar cell modules in JNCASR Bangalore (India), ECN (Holland), and DTU (Denmark) carried over more than 1 year. The modules comprising a fully printed and coated stack (Ag grid...
Erkuş-Öztürk, H.; Terhorst, P.
Global value chains analysis has become an ever more important approach in economics and economic geography to study the globalization of different sectors. However, it is largely ignored in tourism research. This paper examines the modes of governance of the tourism value chain from Holland to
Athanasou, James A.; And Others
The structure of the six vocational interests measured by the Holland Vocational Preference Inventory was identified. Results of two separate analyses showed that a general factor accounted for much of the total variance. Remaining bipolar factors supported previous classifications of interests. (Author/GK)
Pike, Gary R.; Smart, John C.; Ethington, Corinna A.
This research examined the relationships among students' academic majors, levels of engagement, and learning outcomes within the context of Holland's person-environment theory of vocational and educational behavior. The study focused on the role of student engagement as a mediating agent in the relationships between academic majors and student…
Chen, P. Daniel; Simpson, Patricia A.
This study utilized John Holland's personality typology and the Social Cognitive Career Theory (SCCT) to examine the factors that may affect students' self-selection into science, technology, engineering, and mathematics (STEM) majors. Results indicated that gender, race/ethnicity, high school achievement, and personality type were statistically…
Ishitani, Terry T.
This study applied hierarchical linear modeling to investigate the effect of congruence on intrinsic and extrinsic aspects of job satisfaction. Particular focus was given to differences in job satisfaction by gender and by Holland's first-letter codes. The study sample included nationally represented 1462 female and 1280 male college graduates who…
van der Burg, M.
In 1806 more than two centuries of the republican form of government in the Northern Netherlands came to an end. For a long time, historiography had it that the Dutch were indifferent to the end of the Republic and the establishment of the Kingdom of Holland. The transformation was, however, a much
J. J. P. Jacobs
Full Text Available The congruence between the personality types postulated by Holland and managerial traits was investigated. The Vocational Preference Inventory was used to determine the personality types of the subjects selected for the study and a management assessment system to determine their managerial traits. When the degree of personality differentiation was taken into account, meaningful differences were found between realistic and the conventional personality types in respect of initiative and between the artistic and the conventional personality types in respect of analytic, planning and organizing ability. No statistically significant difference between the personality patterns of high and low potential managers could be found, except in respect of the realistic scale. This result indicates that low potential managers possess more realistic characteristics than high potential managers. In general, the findings of this study provide little support for Holland’s formulations of the personality types.
Snyder, Alexander G.; Lacy, Jessica R.; Stevens, Andrew W.; Carlson, Emily M.
The U.S. Geological Survey conducted a bathymetric survey in Little Holland Tract, a flooded agricultural tract, in the northern Sacramento-San Joaquin Delta (the “Delta”) during the summer of 2015. The new bathymetric data were combined with existing data to generate a digital elevation model (DEM) at 1-meter resolution. Little Holland Tract (LHT) was historically diked off for agricultural uses and has been tidally inundated since an accidental levee breach in 1983. Shallow tidal regions such as LHT have the potential to improve habitat quality in the Delta. The DEM of LHT was developed to support ongoing studies of habitat quality in the area and to provide a baseline for evaluating future geomorphic change. The new data comprise 138,407 linear meters of real-time-kinematic (RTK) Global Positioning System (GPS) elevation data, including both bathymetric data collected from personal watercraft and topographic elevations collected on foot at low tide. A benchmark (LHT15_b1) was established for geodetic control of the survey. Data quality was evaluated both by comparing results among surveying platforms, which showed systematic offsets of 1.6 centimeters (cm) or less, and by error propagation, which yielded a mean vertical uncertainty of 6.7 cm. Based on the DEM and time-series measurements of water depth, the mean tidal prism of LHT was determined to be 2,826,000 cubic meters. The bathymetric data and DEM are available at http://dx.doi.org/10.5066/F7RX9954.
Full Text Available Would Skinner's moral theory be dependent on his scientific theory to the point of becoming meaningless without it? The mere suggestion of such hypothesis brings the problem of naturalistic fallacy, that is, the problem of deriving statements of ''ought'' kind from statements of ''is'' kind. This issue is used here as an indication that suggests how problematic sustaining a moral and a scientific theory in the same ambit can be. The aim of this article, in this context, is to analyze if that is the case of Radical Behaviorism. Inspired by the naturalistic fallacy dilemma, the first step is to expose the structural and functional differences between statements of ''ought'' kind and statements of ''is'' kind. To do so, the strategy is to present, under the scope of language philosophy, the differences between factual and valuative assertions. The next step consists in analyzing what the nature of relations between Skinner's scientific and moral theories is. That is, if there are necessary or contingencial relations. By doing so it is expected to be plausible the presentation of a possible answer to the central question of this article.
Phelps, Brady J.
Any instructor of behavior analysis is no doubt aware that neuroscience, characterized by a cognitive-mentalistic approach, has substantial influence in behavioral science. As a counterpoint, behavior analysis can raise timely questions and promote critical thinking, as did Skinner (1977) in his critical analysis of cognitive psychology. Keenan…
Full Text Available De Journeaux de Hollande zijn de Franstalige tijdschriften die tussen 1675 en 1750 in de Republiek verschenen. In dit artikel wordt ingegaan op de vraag in hoeverre deze tijdschriften plaats boden aan het contemporaine wetenschappelijke debat.
Department of the Interior — Time series data of water surface elevation, wave height, and turbidity were collected in Little Holland Tract (LHT) beginning in December 2015 as part of “Wind-wave...
Visser, O; Busquet, E H; van Leeuwen, F E; Aaronson, N K; Ory, F G
To describe the incidence of cervical cancer in women in North-Holland by country of birth. Descriptive epidemiological study based on data from cancer registries. The number of cases of cervical cancer in North-Holland for the period 1988-1998 was determined using data from the regional cancer registry of the Comprehensive Cancer Centre, Amsterdam. Based on data from the Netherlands Cancer Registry, a comparison was made between the observed (O) and the expected (E) number of cases by area of residence (i.e., Amsterdam versus the rest of North-Holland) and by the woman's country of birth. In the period 1988-1998, the incidence of cervical cancer among women living in North-Holland was significantly higher than that of the nation as a whole (O/E-ratio: 1.2; 95% CI: 1.1-1.2). In particular, the incidence of cervical cancer for women living in Amsterdam (O/E-ratio: 1.5; 95% CI: 1.4-1.6), and for women born in Morocco (O/E-ratio: 2.1; 95% CI: 1.4-3.1) or Surinam (O/E-ratio: 1.5; 95% CI: 1.1-2.0) was much higher. The country of birth was unknown in 10% of the women. The percentage of patients with extension of the disease outside the uterus (TNM-stages II-IV) did not differ between women born in the Netherlands and those born abroad. The incidence of cervical cancer during the period 1988-1998 was significantly higher for women living in Amsterdam and for women born in Morocco or Surinam than that for the Netherlands as a whole. No significant difference in stage of disease at diagnosis was observed between women born in the Netherlands versus those born abroad.
Czuba, M.; Hutchinson, T.C.
A study was made of the occurrence, distribution, and concentrations of the heavy metals copper (Cu) and lead (Pb) in the soils and crops of the important horticultural area north of Toronto known as the Holland Marsh. The soils are deep organic mucks (> 85% organic matter), derived by the drainage of black marshland soils, which has been carried out over the past 40 years. A comparison is made between the Pb and Cu concentrations in undrained, uncultivated areas of the marsh and in the intensively used horticultural area. Analyses show a marked accumulation of Cu in surface layers of cultivated soils, with a mean surface concentration of 130 ppM, declining to 20 ppM at a 32-cm depth. Undrained (virgin) soils of the same marshes had < 20 ppM at all depths. Lead concentrations also declined through the profile, from concentrations of 22 to 10 ppM. In comparison, undrained areas had elevated Pb levels. Cultivation appeared to have increased Cu, but lowered Pb in the marsh. Copper and lead levels found in the crops were generally higher in the young spring vegetables than in the mature fall ones. Leafy crops, especially lettuce (Lactuca L.) and celery (Apium graveolens), accumulated higher Pb levels in their foliage compared with levels in root crops. Cultivation procedures, including past pesticide applications and fertilizer additions, appeared to be principal sources of Cu. Mobility from the soil and into the plant for these elements in the marsh muck soils is discussed.
Purchase, Cromwell; Napier, Kathryn R; Nicolson, Susan W; McWhorter, Todd J; Fleming, Patricia A
Nectarivores face a constant challenge in terms of water balance, experiencing water loading or dehydration when switching between food plants or between feeding and fasting. To understand how whitebellied sunbirds and New Holland honeyeaters meet the challenges of varying preformed water load, we used the elimination of intramuscular-injected [(14)C]-l-glucose and (3)H2O to quantify intestinal and renal water handling on diets varying in sugar concentration. Both sunbirds and honeyeaters showed significant modulation of intestinal water absorption, allowing excess water to be shunted through the intestine when on dilute diets. Despite reducing their fractional water absorption, both species showed linear increases in water flux and fractional body water turnover as water intake increased (both afternoon and morning), suggesting that the modulation of fractional water absorption was not sufficient to completely offset dietary water loads. In both species, glomerular filtration rate was independent of water gain (but was higher for the afternoon), as was renal fractional water reabsorption (measured in the afternoon). During the natural overnight fast, both sunbirds and honeyeaters arrested whole kidney function. Evaporative water loss in sunbirds was variable but correlated with water gain. Both sunbirds and honeyeaters appear to modulate intestinal water absorption as an important component of water regulation to help deal with massive preformed water loads. Shutting down glomerular filtration rate during the overnight fast is another way of saving energy for osmoregulatory function. Birds maintain osmotic balance on diets varying markedly in preformed water load by varying both intestinal water absorption and excretion through the intestine and kidneys.
Full Text Available Phantasm of the Righteous and Agnieszka Holland’s film "In Darkness" The text analyses Agnieszka Holland’s film In Darkness against the background of the Polish discourse on the Righteous. The devices of this discourse are reconstructed on the basis of two documentary films: The Righteous by Ryszard Gontarz and Janusz Kidawa (1968 and The Story of the Kowalski by Arkadiusz Gołębiowski and Maciej Pawlicki (2009. The basic devices distinguished in the narrative of the Righteous are the following: 1. a symmetry between the Jewish and Polish suffering 2. lack of Jews’ gratefulness and solidarity (“we demonstrated solidarity as far as the sacrifice of life but they…”; 3. treating the Righteous as pars pro toto of the community (they become the proof of the “national character” of Poles; the motif of “the Righteous-anti-Semite”; 4. a conviction about Polish helplessness; 5. marginalisation of the Polish aggression against Jews (a viewpoint that apparently “the scum is everywhere” and the simultaneously expressed accusations that the victims were involved in the Holocaust themselves. Holland is not aware of the discursive mechanisms accumulating around the undertaken subject or the correlated stakes of the common imagination. Therefore, many fragments of In Darkness easily succumb to being captured by the prevailing, and in fact anti-Semitic, clichés of understanding the history. In effect, the phenomenon of unwanted comeback of phantasms occurs in reference to a narrative developed as an antidote for such.
Pedro R. Mayans-Céspedes; José R. Soca-Cabrera; Gilberto López Canteñs
En el presente trabajo se reflejan los resultados de la prueba de tracción y potencia a la toma de fuerza de la sembradora V-204, formando conjunto con el tractor New Holland 6610s4. Para las pruebas se contó con los instrumentos, medios de medición e instalaciones del Centro Nacional de Estandarización de Maquinaria Agrícola, utilizándose la NMX "Método de evaluación de sembradoras y/o fertilizadoras de tracción mecánica con dosificador de disco" y la NC Máquinas agropecuarias y forestales, ...
Full Text Available This article discusses an unpublished play, Acteonisation du Grand Veneur d’Hollande (1643. Created – and possibly performed – within the immediate circle of the court of Elizabeth of Bohemia in The Hague, its anonymous author satirizes the various personalities in the Orange courts of respectively Frederik Hendrik and Amalia von Solms, and Willem II and Mary Stuart. Focusing on the social ambitions of Johannes Polyander van Kerckhoven, Lord of Heenvliet, and by using the popular myth of Actaeon and Diana, the clash between court and city, between princely aristocrats and republican burghers is played out.
Greene, Christina L; Worrell, Stephanie G; Patti, Marco G; DeMeester, Tom R
To highlight the contributions from the University of Chicago under the leadership of Dr David B. Skinner to the understanding of gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD) and its complications. The invention of the esophagoscope confirmed that GERD was a premorbid condition. The medical world was divided between those who believed in a morphological lower esophageal sphincter (LES) and those who did not. Those who did not believe attempted to rearrange the anatomy of the foregut organs to stop reflux with minimal success. The discovery of the LES focused attention on the sphincter as the main deterrent to reflux and the hope that measurement of a low LES pressure would mark the presence of GERD. This turned out not to be so. In July 1973, with this history of confusion, Dr Skinner at the age of 36 assumed the chair of surgery at the University of Chicago. The publications of the University of Chicago's esophageal group were collected from private and public (PubMed) databases, reviewed, and seminal contributions selected. Twenty-four-hour esophageal pH monitoring led to the understanding of the LES, its contribution to GERD, and the complication of Barrett's esophagus. The relationship of Barrett's to adenocarcinoma was clarified. The rising incidence of esophageal adenocarcinoma led to contributions in the staging of esophageal cancer and its treatment with an en bloc resection. Ten years after the death of Dr Skinner, we can appreciate the monumental contributions to benign and malignant esophageal disease under his leadership.
Stockmarr, Anders; Ersbøll, Bjarne Kjær; Kotwa, Ewelina Katarzyna
Nærværende undersøgelse af forekomsten af lav adhæsion / ”glatte skinner” er en opfølgning på DTU’s undersøgelser af IC4 togenes bremseadfærd ved Marslev den 7. november 2011, som blev gennemført for Transportministeriet og DSB i perioden april - juni 2012, og som konkluderede at den helt...... overvejende årsag til IC4 togets lange standselængde ved Marslev-hændelsen var lav adhæsion, det vil sige ”glathed” mellem hjul og skinner. Afledt af dette resultat er der opstået en interesse og et behov for en bredere analyse af sikkerhedskritiske faktorer i forbindelse med togdrift, som belyser fænomenet...... at gennemføre nedenstående tre udredningsopgaver, som DTU har gennemført i perioden oktober 2012 – oktober 2013: •En erfaringsindsamling med henblik på, hvordan andre lande i Nord- og Mellemeuropa håndterer lav adhæsion / ”glatte skinner”. •En systematisk kortlægning af hyppighed og omfang af lav adhæsion...
Skinner, J. N.; Morgan, D. P.; West, A. A.; Lepine, S.; Thorstensen, J. R.
To select for nearby WD+dMs, we used the SUPERBLINK proper motion survey (Lepine et al. 2002, J/AJ/124/1190; Lepine & Shara 2005, Cat. I/298), an ongoing all-sky survey that identifies and characterizes stars with proper motions μ>40 mas/yr. For this study, we used the 2011 July version of SUPERBLINK, which listed 2270481 stars, and was estimated to be >90% complete to V=19.0. We selected WD+dMs based on a combination of V magnitudes derived from the DSS plates (see Lepine & Shara 2005, Cat. I/298), near-UV magnitudes from GALEX, and Ks magnitudes from 2MASS. Using the UV-optical-IR color selection outlined in Skinner et al. (2014AJ....148..115S), we selected targets for spectroscopic follow-up (see bottom panel of Figure 1). We acquired optical spectroscopy of 178 newly identified WD+dM candidates, with the Boller and Chivens CCD spectrograph (CCDS), using both the Hiltner 2.4 m and McGraw-Hill 1.3 m telescopes located at the MDM Observatory. (3 data files).
Full Text Available This article aims to study the travelogue En Hollande (1859, written by the French author and photographer Maxime Du Camp. This travel document deals with a two weeks journey that Du Camp made in Holland in the winter of 1857. The article particularly examines the way Du Camp has painted the picture of France and the French people, while travelling through different regions of the Netherlands. The article presents in detail some cultural, religious and political aspects of the French identity and culture Du Camp reflects upon in his text.
Maria Immacolata Spagna
Full Text Available Abstract – Within the field of argumentative analysis, our purpose is to underline the function and the effectiveness of the axiological-emotional content of the change proposed by François Hollande in his speeches (2009-2012.On the basis of the emotional orientation, given in a dysphoric register towards the previous government and in a euphoric one towards the auspicious future, the argumentation of the change claimed by the “normal” president is based on values. To not change would mean to accept the current situation and therefore all its negative values.Putting the reader in a condition of emotional tension with the aim of energizing him to find a remedy, Hollande’s proposition becomes, thus, a call to action, an implicit request for social, politic and moral engagement, to change the course of history and to realize a better future. Keywords: Argumentation, political discourse, emotion, axiological, change. Résumé – Dans le cadre de l’analyse argumentative, cet article vise à souligner la fonction et l’efficacité de la charge axiologico-affective du changement proposé par François Hollande dans ses discours (2009-2012.Sur la base de l’orientation émotionnelle, donnée dans un registre dysphorique à l’égard du gouvernement passé et euphorique vers l’avenir prometteur, l’argumentation du changement invoqué par le président “normal” se fonde sur les valeurs. Ne pas changer signifierait accepter la situation actuelle et, par là, toutes ces valeurs négatives.Mettant le lecteur dans une condition de tension émotive pour le motiver à trouver un remède, la proposition de Hollande devient ainsi un appel à agir, une requête implicite d’engagement social, politique et moral pour changer le cours de l’histoire et réaliser un futur meilleur. Mots clés: argumentation, discours politique, émotion, axiologique, changement.
This research investigates the impact of socioeconomic developments on the physical condition of medieval populations in Holland and Zeeland between AD 1000 and 1600 through the analysis of human skeletal remains from three archaeological sites. In a brief period of time, this region went from being
Wenn man die gewaltige Menge Publikationen über das Volkslied, die im Laufe des 19. und 20. Jahrhunderts in Deutschland, Frankreich, Belgien und Holland erschienen sind, vergleicht, springen zwei Punkte sofort ins Auge: 1. der Unterschied zwischen den verschiedenen Auffassungen vom Begriff Volkslied
van Mourik, J.; Ligtendag, W.
This paper presents the result of palynological research of peat relicts, found in the Westerkoggepolder (North-Holland, The Netherlands). In general, such relicts of peat in the actual landscape point to an extensive peat cover in the past that disappeared due to land reclamation and agricultural
Régine Hollander, maître de conférences honoraire à l’Université Panthéon-Assas, est spécialiste d’anglais financier et membre du Centre d’études et de recherches sur la vie économique des pays anglo-saxons (CERVEPAS, Université Sorbonne Nouvelle – Paris 3). Elle a participé à la réédition du Vocabulaire économique et financier d’Yves Bernard et Jean-Claude Colli (2003). An Introduction to Financial English est présenté par l’éditeur comme un ouvrage de référence pour la vie professionnelle. ...
Micheau, J; Destrade, C; Soumireu-Mourat, B
Corticosterone was injected bilaterally into the dorsal hippocampus of BALB/c Mice immediately after the first extinction session of an operant conditioning in a Skinner box. Compared with the control animals the Mice that received 1 or 0.1 microgram corticosterone exhibited 24 hrs. later, faster extinction of this conditioning. With a 0.01 microgram dose of corticosterone in each hippocampus we obtained an accelerated extinction during the session. These data suggest that corticosterone modulates hippocampal mechanisms involved in memory processes.
This article introduces the ArduiPod Box, an open-source device built using two main components (i.e., an iPod Touch and an Arduino microcontroller), developed as a low-cost alternative to the standard operant conditioning chamber, or "Skinner box." Because of its affordability, the ArduiPod Box provides an opportunity for educational institutions with small budgets seeking to set up animal laboratories for research and instructional purposes. A pilot experiment is also presented, which shows that the ArduiPod Box, in spite of its extraordinary simplicity, can be effectively used to study animal learning and behavior.
Quentin Skinner, Staten og friheten. Oslo: Res Publica, 2011. José Luis Martí and Philip Pettit, A Political Philosophy in Public Life. Civic Republicanism in Zapatero's Spain. Princeton: Princeton University Press, 2010 (Simon Laumann Jørgensen)
Jørgensen, Simon Laumann
Anmeldelse af Quentin Skinner, Staten og friheten, Oslo: Res Publica 2011, 199 NOK & José Luis Martí & Philip Pettit, A Political Philosophy in Public Life. Civic Republicanism in Zapatero’s Spain, Princeton: Princeton University Press 2010, $ 24.95......Anmeldelse af Quentin Skinner, Staten og friheten, Oslo: Res Publica 2011, 199 NOK & José Luis Martí & Philip Pettit, A Political Philosophy in Public Life. Civic Republicanism in Zapatero’s Spain, Princeton: Princeton University Press 2010, $ 24.95...
Full Text Available Von Barbara Holland-Cunz, die sich mit Simone de Beauvoir und Hannah Arendt bereits einzeln beschäftigt hat, liegt nun ein Band vor, in dem sie sich diesen herausragenden Denkerinnen des 20. Jahrhunderts gemeinsam widmet. In einer beinahe synoptisch anmutenden Herangehensweise fokussiert sie dabei auf den Begriff der Freiheit, der bei beiden von eminenter Bedeutung für das jeweilige Theoriegebäude ist. Holland-Cunz zufolge verstehen beide, bei einigen Unterschieden, Freiheit so, dass sie sich vor allem durch eine in sich eingeschriebene Gefährdung auszeichnet: Diese resultiert aus einem heroisch-emphatischen Gestus, der in paradoxer Weise gepaart wird mit einem abgeklärten Realismus. Über weite Strecken liest sich der Weg zu dieser Deutung, v. a. auch wegen einer teilweise sympathisch unkonventionellen und originellen Herangehensweise, sehr anregend und überzeugend.
Evidências de validade convergente-discriminante para a avaliação dos tipos profissionais de Holland (ATPH Evidencias de validez convergente-discriminante para la evaluación de los tipos profesionales de Holland (ATPH Convergent-discriminant validity evidences for the avaliation of Holland's professional types (ATPH
Ana Paula Porto Noronha
Full Text Available Este estudo teve como objetivo buscar evidências de validade convergente-discriminante para o teste Avaliação dos Tipos Profissionais, de Holland (ATPH, com vistas a verificar as relações com a Escala de Aconselhamento Profissional (EAP. A amostra foi composta por 42 estudantes dos ensinos fundamental e médio de escolas públicas e particulares. A idade variou entre 11 e 26 anos, sendo que participaram 43% de alunos do sexo masculino, 50%, do feminino, e 7% que não informaram o gênero. Os resultados sugeriram correlações significativas entre as dimensões do EAP e as tipologias do ATPH, com magnitudes que variavam de baixas a moderadas. A partir dos dados coletados, concluiu-se que o ATPH pode ajudar na identificação dos interesses de estudantes em processos de orientação profissional e que as evidências de validade foram favoráveis.Este estudio tuvo como objetivo buscar evidencias de validez convergente-discriminante para la prueba Evaluación de los Tipos Profesionales, de Holland (ATPH, con vistas de verificar las relaciones con la Escala de Consejería Profesional (EAP. La muestra estuvo compuesta de 42 estudiantes de los ciclos primario y secundario de escuelas públicas y particulares. La edad varió entre 11 y 26 años, y participaron 43% de alumnos del sexo masculino, 50%, del femenino, y 7% que no informaron el género. Los resultados sugirieron correlaciones significativas entre las dimensiones del EAP y las tipologías del ATPH, con magnitudes que variaban de bajas a moderadas. A partir de los datos recolectados, se concluyó que el ATPH puede ayudar en la identificación de los intereses de estudiantes en procesos de orientación profesional y que las evidencias de validez fueron favorables.The present study aimed to search convergent-discriminant validity evidences for Holland's test Avaliação dos Tipos Profissionais (ATPH by verifying its relations with the Escala de Aconselhamento Profissional (EAP. The sample
Carroll, G M A; Waters-Rist, A; Inskip, S A
During the routine assessment of skeletal material unearthed from Middenbeemster, a post-Medieval (AD 17-19th century) cemetery in Northern Holland, an adult male with an unidentified choanal lesion was discovered. The affected individual was analysed macroscopically and via computer tomography. Based on the phenotypic and radiographic characteristics of the lesion, and after a comprehensive review of clinical literature, it was determined that the lesion was likely caused by an inverted Schneiderian papilloma (ISP), a benign but locally aggressive endophytic neoplasm histopathologically characterized by the inversion of the epithelium into the lamina propria (Schneiderian membrane) of the respiratory nasal mucosa. This study presents a detailed description of the pathophysiology and aetiology of ISPs, using both bioarchaeological and biomedical frameworks. Several differential diagnoses are discussed, with emphasis on the reasons for their rejection as the primary pathogenic mechanism(s). To the best of the authors' knowledge, this research is the first reported case of ISP within palaeopathology, which highlights the need to consider ISPs whenever slow-growing sinonasal neoplasms are suspected, as well as in cases that exhibit focal rhinitis. Crown Copyright © 2015. Published by Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.
Sokolowski, Michel B C; Abramson, Charles I
The experimental study of nectar foraging behavior in free-flying bees requires the use of automated devices to control solution delivery and measure dependent variables associated with nectar gathering. We describe a new computer-controlled artificial flower and provide calibration data to measure the precision of the apparatus. Our device is similar to a "Skinner box" and we present data of an experiment where various amounts of a 50% sugar solution are presented randomly to individual bees. These data show large individual variations among subjects across several dependent variables. Finally, we discuss possible applications of our device to problems in behavioral sciences. Copyright (c) 2010 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.
Blanca Patricia Ballesteros; Amanda Rey
Diferentes variables académicas, científicas y sociales hacen necesario el escrutinio de las categorías de clase de los diferentes conductismos en un marco epistemológico. El presente artículo hace una comparación entre el Interconductismo de J. R. Kantor y el Conductismo Radical de B. F. Skinner. Las preguntas para las cuales se identifican las posturas de cada autor y su evolución histórica son: (1) ¿Qué es conocimiento?, (2) ¿Qué se conoce?, (3) ¿Cómo se conoce?, (4) ¿Para qué se ...
E. J. J. Sieben
Full Text Available Seepages occurring at high altitudes in the Hottentots Holland Mountains (HHM (Western Cape Province. South Africa were subject to a phytosociological survey. Relevé sampling method and classification procedures of the floristic-sociological (Braun-Blanquet approach as well as numerical data analyses (numerical classification and ordination were used to reveal syn- taxonomic patterns and characterize the position of the syntaxa along major environmental gradients. Nine plant communities were recognized, three of which were classified as associations, following formal syntaxonomic and nomenclatural rules of the floristic-sociological approach Most of the studied mire communities were dominated by low-growing clonal restios (Restionaceae. whereas some consisted of other types of graminoids. The most important species determining the structure (and function of the mire communities on sandstones of the HHM include restios Anthochortus crinalis, Chondropetalum deustum.C. mucronatum, Elegia intermedia. E. thyrsifera. Restio subtilis. R. purpurascens. cyperoids Epischoenus villosus. Ficinia argy-ropa, grasses Ehrharta setacea subsp. setacea. Pentameris hirtiglumis as well as shrubs Berzelia squarrosa. Cliffortia tricuspi- data. Erica intenallaris and Grubbia rosmarinifolia. Protea lacticolor and Restio perplexus dominate a rare shale band seepage community. There are two major groups of communities—the fens (dominated by carpets of Anthochortus crinalis and other low-growing species and the restio marshlands (mosaics of low tussocks of Restio subtilis and tall Chondropetalum mucronatum. The degree of soil (and water minerotrophy was found to be the most important differentiating feature between the mire (fen and restio marshland communities studied. The soils in the centre of mires were found to have high contents of peat and showed very little influence from the underlying sandstone. The soils along the mire margins had a greater admixture of
Aardoom, H A; Huisman-Wolfs, M M; Nijs, H G T
To describe the epidemiological characteristics of ambulant psychiatric patients who were either brought to the police station or who came by themselves, but who were not kept in a cell, as a basis for the development of a reception protocol. Descriptive. The data from the medical records from 2000 kept by the forensic doctors employed by the district health services for the Southern South Holland region were inventoried. On request by the police, the forensic doctors examined 203 clients. The majority of these were middle-aged men who did have a place of residence. The reason for police involvement was bizarre or confused behaviour in public. Half of the patients had received or were receiving some form of psychiatric treatment from the mental health service. In approximately half of the cases the forensic doctor found a solution together with the police. In the other half of the cases the forensic doctor asked the crisis intervention team at the mental health service for an evaluation. Two thirds of these patients were hospitalised and one third was sent away. Because examination by both the forensic doctor and the mental health service psychiatrist and other procedures were lengthy (up to 6 hours), patients had to spend a long time in a holding cell at the police station that was not designed for stays of this length of time, and often lacked toilet facilities. The forensic doctor treated about half the clients without the need of assistance from the crisis intervention psychiatrist. The temporary accommodation for these confused clients was inadequate.
Wisniewska, Joanna Ewa
Below mentioned Dissertation depicts one of the most complex issues of polish/german questions of post war history: German nation eviction from the territory handed over to Polish administration as a result of Potsdam pact. This issue applies to the area of present-day Paslek district (former Kreis Preußisch Holland) situated in western part of the previously known Eastern Prussia (now Warmia and Mazury region).Time range indicate on one hand permission of district evacuation (21 Jan 1945) an...
Natalia A. Rozinskaya
Full Text Available The paper is devoted to comparative analysis of socio-economic development of Portugal and Holland – two small nations who during certain periods of their history obtained European leadership and played pivotal role in Europe’s transition from Middle Ages to Modernity. Analysis is performed on the basis of the institutional theory. Based to a large extent on theoretical concepts of D. North and D. Acemoglu-J. Robinson, the author notes substantial similarity of the initial conditions in both countries in the Middle Ages – their size in terms of territory and population, geographical location, long coastal lines, early successful development of navigation, fishing and construction of vessels, emergence of strong navy and trade fleet, non-fertile arable land, grain imports, etc. Following that the author then looks for “small disparities” which gradually and having been influenced by external shocks have led to different paths of socio-economic development. These shocks include climatic changes in Holland in XIV century and – in case of Portugal –foreign policy issues (struggle against Kingdom of Castile; and then – the Great Geographical Discoveries. The paper analyses in detail the impact of foreign (especially colonial trade on development of both countries. The process of gradual loss of leading positions in international trade first by Portugal and then by Holland is considered. Author states that as opposed to Portugal, who remained backward agrarian country until XX century, Holland preserved its position of one of the richest and most advanced countries in Europe even after having lost its monopoly position in international trade. In the final part of the paper the author analyses the reasons for divergence of Holland’s and Portugal’s development routes. In relation to it, the following concepts are considered: the concept of the cultural capital by L. Harrison; theory of limited/open access societies by D. North, J
Tallinna VIII Pimedate Ööde Filmifestivali filme - Hollandi mängufilmid "Putini ema" ("Poetin's Mama") : režissöör Ineke Smits : 2003 ; "Shouf-Shouf Habibi" : režissöör Albert Ter Heerdt : 2004 ; "Üks ilus päev" ("Het is een schone dag geweest") : režissöör Jos de Putter : 1993 ; "Grimm" : režissöör Alex van Warmerdam : 2003
Full Text Available Dans cet article, on souhaite situer et examiner le débat méthodologique proposé par l'École de Cambridge au sujet de l'histoire de la pensée politique dans les quatre dernières décennies, tout en insistant sur les positions de Quentin Skinner et les principales objections soulevées par ses critiques. Après une rapide présentation des prescriptions méthodologiques de Skinner, on voit que son contextualisme linguistique a reçu plusieurs critiques: a par ses choix épistémologiques (dénoncés comme relativistes, ou encore positivistes; b par son adhésion à l'intentionalisme; et c par sa tendance à "l'ancien". On conclut que, parmi ces trois types d'objections, c'est l'attribution "d'ancien" qui a le plus nui aux formulations méthodologiques originales de Skinner, le menant récemment au virtuel abandon de son ardeur anti-présent initiale.
Perceptions of Usefulness: Using the Holland Code Theory, Multiple Intelligences Theory, and Role Model Identification to Determine a Career Niche in the Fashion Industry for First-Quarter Fashion Students
Green, Crystal D.
This action research study investigated the perceptions that student participants had on the development of a career exploration model and a career exploration project. The Holland code theory was the primary assessment used for this research study, in addition to the Multiple Intelligences theory and the identification of a role model for the…
Scheffers, Albert Antoine Jacques
The supervision on the coin production in the Republic of the Seven United Provinces and the supply of the smallest denominations (copper duits and silver 1 stuiver) in the province of Holland and West-Friesland in the 18th Century. With information on all the functions involved, illustrated by the
Van der Gaast, J.W.J.; Peerboom, J.M.P.M.
In the Dutch polder 'De Beemster' (part of the province Noord-Holland) the consequences of sanitation of natural gas sources on seepage and the quality of surface waters are studied by means of a model. Material balances are drafted for nitrogen, phosphorus and chlorine. The sealing of all the gas sources in 'De Beemster' appears to have the largest impact on the emission of phosphorus (-40%). The emission of nitrogen and chlorine is reduced by 20%, respectively 25%. Based on the recommendations in this report a follow-up study has been carried out in which the results in this report are translated to other polders in Noord-Holland, north of the river IJ. 24 refs
Hollandi trupi Club Guy kontsertetendusest "Myrrh and Cinnamon", mis tuli esmakodselt ettekandele A. Pärdile pühendatud festivalil "Aestonishing music", kontsertetenduses kasutatud eesti heliloojate Pärdi, Tüüri, Sumera, Lille muusikast
This inquiry supports the theory of a sugar tax has a positive influence on the sugar consumption of Dutch individuals. Once a tax is implemented, the sugar consumption declines. Furthermore, this study supported the hypothesis claiming that children have a positive influence on their parental sugar
On the February 19, 2015, the President of the Republic gave a speech on nuclear deterrence. Although it did not contain any major announcements, it reaffirms our nuclear policy while further elaborating upon it - something that the 2013 White Paper did not do - and in this respect provides significant clarifications on French doctrine and posture, and mentions several instances of reorientation. (author)
Harris, Emily Mae
This dissertation presents three interrelated studies examining opportunities for student learning through contributory citizen science (CS), where students collect and contribute data to help generate new scientific knowledge. I draw on sociocultural perspectives of learning to analyze three cases where teachers integrated CS into school science, one third grade, one fourth grade, and one high school Marine Biology classroom. Chapter 2 is a conceptual investigation of the opportunities for students to engage in scientific reasoning practices during CS data collection activities. Drawing on science education literature and vignettes from case studies, I argue that the teacher plays an important role in mediating opportunities for students to engage in investigative, explanatory, and argumentative practices of science through CS. Chapter 3 focuses on teacher framing of CS, how teachers perceive what is going on (Goffman, 1974) and how they communicate that to students as they launch CS tasks. Through analysis of videos and interviews of two upper elementary school teachers, I found that teachers frame CS for different purposes. These framings were influenced by teachers' goals, orientations towards science and CS, planning for instruction, and prior knowledge and experience. Chapter 4 examines how students demonstrate agency with environmental science as they explore their personal interests across their third grade classroom, school garden, and science lab contexts, through the lens of social practice theory (Holland, Lachicotte, Skinner, & Cain, 1998). Through analysis of classroom observations, student interviews, teacher interviews and important moments for three focal students, I found that student agency was enabled and constrained by the different cultures of the classroom, garden, and science lab. Despite affordances of the garden and science lab, the teachers' epistemic authority in the classroom permeated all three contexts, constraining student agency. In
Evelyn Fernandes Faheina
Full Text Available Este trabalho discute a tendência pedagógica tecnicista predominante no Brasil entre a segunda metade da década de 1960 e início de 1970. Seu objetivo é refletir a racionalização do trabalho pedagógico difundido por tal tendência, assim como, compreender as razões pela qual a pedagogia tecnicista invocou a utilização de recursos audiovisuais na educação, sobretudo a TV, procurando, desse modo, instaurar um projeto de modernização no país e adequação às transformações tecnológicas da época. Do ponto de vista teórico-metodológico, este trabalho está situado na esteira da teoria do Capital Humano de Theodore Schultz (1967, na teoria comportamental de Skinner (1972 e nos desdobramentos editoriais da Revista Brasileira de Estudos Pedagógicos dos anos 1966, 1967 e 1969, focadas na discussão do uso de recursos audiovisuais na educação. Tal abordagem permite a configuração de profícuo instrumento no entendimento da pedagogia tecnicista, cuja ênfase recai, por um lado, na racionalização do trabalho pedagógico, fundamentadas nos princípios da racionalidade, da eficiência e da produtividade e, por outro lado, no reconhecimento da eficiência dos meios pedagógicos, em particular, os recursos audiovisuais fomentados a partir da segunda metade da década de 1960.
Haslam, S Alexander; Reicher, Stephen D
Hollander and Turowetz (2017, Br. J. Soc. Psychol., 56, 655-674) present important data from post-experimental interviews with participants in Milgram's 'obedience' research. In these, participants responded to various questions about their perceptions of the study and their behaviour by indicating that they trusted the Experimenter not to let them inflict serious harm. Relatively few participants indicated that they acted as they did because they were committed to the Experimenter or to science. We argue, however, that there are two key reasons why this evidence is not inconsistent with claims that harm-doing is a product of engaged followership. The first is that (in contrast to the data obtained from later post-experimental surveys) the conversational logic of the interviews does not topicalize a discussion or valorization of science, but instead requires participants to defend themselves against an accusation of improper behaviour. The second is that participants' accounts of their behaviour nevertheless revolved around expressions of trust in the Experimenter which can themselves be seen as manifestations of shared identity and engaged followership. Nevertheless, we argue that H&T's analysis points to significant ways in which the engaged followership account and its broader implications for understanding perpetrator behaviour can be embellished. © 2018 The British Psychological Society.
Lyubov A. Mironova
Full Text Available This article explores the concept of horizontal monitoring, its main aspects and the possibility of applying the criteria in the legal field by the example of the Netherlands. The first experience of using horizontal monitoring in the tax system. Results of implementation of horizontal monitoring in the Netherlands tax system.
Olesk, Arko, 1981-
Euroopa Komisjoni keelule ja karistusähvardusele vaatamata avaldasid Hollandi võimud europarlamendi valimiste tulemused, mille kohaselt said valitsevad kristlikud demokraadid 24,4 protsenti ja opositsioonilised sotsiaaldemokraadid 23,6 protsenti häältest
Tänavu lõpetab Eestis tegevuse Hollandi Fondide Ühendus CNF (Cooperating Netherlands Foundation for Central and Eastern Europe), mis loodi 15 aastat tagasi Kesk- ja Ida-Euroopa riikide toetuseks. Eestis rahastati 600 projekti. Vt. ka: Hollandi Fondide Ühenduse suurimad Eestis rahastatud projektid
Rank, Sirje, 1966-
Hollandi majandusministri Maria van der Hoeveni sõnul ei saa riik ilma tuumaenergiata hakkama, kui tahab süsinikdioksiidi heitmeid vähendada. Vt. samas: Üle Euroopa hindavad poliitikud praegu ümber suhtumist tuumaenergiasse
The earliest recorded occupational health service in this country was that established in a cotton spinning factory at Quarry Bank Mill in Cheshire. The mill was built in 1784 by Samuel Greg and his partners. They employed local labour and also some parish apprentices. Happily, Samuel Greg was a good christian and, having created a modern factory and a model village with a church and a school, he was equally concerned for the physical welfare of his employees. Accordingly, he appointed a doct...
At the same 15 places as in 1974, regularly distributed over the industrial area west of Rotterdam, indicator plants for air pollution were set out in the open and were cultivated by the same standard method. Tulip and gladiolus were used as indicators for HF, during spring and summer, respectively. Both indicated that the same two sites, at Vlaardingen and Spijkenisse, had maximum HF concentration. In general, the mean leaf-tip injury at all sites was somewhat heavier than in 1974. Lucerne, as an indicator for SO2, sometimes showed more injury north of the New Waterway than south of it in June. Spinach, an indicator for O3/SO2, showed maximum injury in three different periods in June, July and mostly in August. The frequency and the measure of the injury to tobacco Bel W3 by O3 was maximum during some periods in August and September, the mean injury being heavier than in 1974. Urtica urens and Poa annua too, indicator plants for photochemical air pollution by peroxyacetyl nitrate and O3, showed more frequent injury in 1975, specially in some weeks in June and most of it in August. Petunia too indicated more influence of ethylene than in 1974, mostly in the second half of June. This year again the effect of air pollution on growth and yield of tulip Blue Parrot, tobacco Bel W3 and tomato extase plants was studied at the same six sites as last year by the mouth of the Rhine, with filtered and unfiltered greenhouses. Tulips in the unfiltered greenhouses showed a heavier leaf injury than those in the filtered greenhouses, except at the site in The Hague. These injured plants had a significantly lower average fresh and dry weight of the stems and leaves and of the bulbs too. Tobacco and tomato plants had a higher average dry weight of stems and leaves in the filtered greenhouses than in the unfiltered ones.
Robson Nascimento da Cruz
Full Text Available A elaboração inicial do conceito de condicionamento operante e do delineamento experimental de sujeito único define as bases do sistema explicativo skinneriano em meados de 1930. Todavia, essas formulações não foram imediatamente aceitas. Com o objetivo de compreender os motivos envolvidos nesse episódio da história inicial da Análise do Comportamento, discutimos três eventos históricos, quais sejam: a as dificuldades enfrentadas por Skinner após o seu pós-doutorado; b a recepção ao seu primeiro livro, The Behavior of Organisms; c a disputa com outros modelos explicativos do comportamento. Uma história constituída por determinantes de natureza motivacional, institucional, emocional, econômica e pelas dificuldades de ir na contramão de tendências dominantes na Psicologia Experimental norte-americana é o que se conclui na presente investigação.
Between 1953 and 1965, Ogden Lindsley and his associates conducted free-operant research with psychiatric inpatients and normal volunteers at Metropolitan State Hospital in Waltham, Massachusetts. Their project, originally named "Studies in Behavior Therapy," was renamed "Harvard Medical School Behavior Research Laboratory" in 1955. This name change and its implications were significant. The role of the laboratory in the history of the relationship between the experimental analysis of behavior and applied behavior analysis is discussed. A case is made for viewing Lindsley's early work as foundational for the subfield of the experimental analysis of human behavior that formally coalesced in the early 1980s. The laboratory's work is also contextualized with reference to the psychopharmacological revolution of the 1950s. Finally, a four-stage framework for studying the historical and conceptual development of behavior analysis is proposed.
Between 1953 and 1965, Ogden Lindsley and his associates conducted free-operant research with psychiatric inpatients and normal volunteers at Metropolitan State Hospital in Waltham, Massachusetts. Their project, originally named “Studies in Behavior Therapy,” was renamed “Harvard Medical School Behavior Research Laboratory” in 1955. This name change and its implications were significant. The role of the laboratory in the history of the relationship between the experimental analysis of behavio...
South African Journal of Animal Science. Journal Home · ABOUT THIS JOURNAL · Advanced Search · Current Issue · Archives · Journal Home > Vol 2, No 2 (1972) >. Log in or Register to get access to full text downloads. Username, Password, Remember me, or Register. A note on cryptorchidism in Angora goats.
South African Journal of Animal Science. Journal Home · ABOUT THIS JOURNAL · Advanced Search · Current Issue · Archives · Journal Home > Vol 2, No 2 (1972) >. Log in or Register to get access to full text downloads. Username, Password, Remember me, or Register · Download this PDF file. The PDF file you selected ...
RICARDO PELLÓN SUÁREZ DE PUGA
Full Text Available In the context of the first centennial of the publication of the behaviorist manifesto, this article conducts a brief review of Watson’s (1913 conception of learning and behavior, and extends that analysis to B. F. Skinner’s behaviorism and to the debates among molar and molecular approaches to behavior analysis.
Pellón Suárez de Puga, Ricardo
In the context of the first centennial of the publication of the behaviorist manifesto, this article conducts a brief review of Watson’s (1913) conception of learning and behavior, and extends that analysis to B. F. Skinner’s behaviorism and to the debates among molar and molecular approaches to behavior analysis.
The change of name in 1976 of Reactor Centrum Nederland (RCN) to Energieonderzoek Centrum Nederland (ECN) reflects its expansion to activities in non-nuclear fields. A brief summary is given of these activities, including those in co-operation with other organisations. Amongst the fields of interest in non-nuclear fields are joint projects on risk analysis, future energy strategies, wind power, and environmental research. Work on fusion reactor technology is expanding. (UK)
The Netherlands is a major exporter of flower bulbs in the world. France is amongst the top10 of the biggest importers of Dutch flower bulbs. However, the growing of bulbs is very damaging to the environment. With the use of 1,5 million kilograms of pesticide and 16 million kilograms of artificial
Carson, Andrew D.; Evans, Karen; Gitin, Elena; Eads, Jonathan
A sample of 1,747 students attending undergraduate classes in legal education at an online university completed the "StrengthsQuest" assessment as part of a larger investigation; of this number, 117 students also completed the "Kuder Career Search". Exploratory factor analysis (principal components followed varimax rotation) of…
Olukorrast Hollandis: aasta pärast filmirežissöör Theo van Goghi traagilist surma on riik ikka veel haaratud terrorismirünnakute kartusest. Riigi poliitikast sisserändajate suhtes. Vt. samas: Kuninganna kiitis Putinit võitluses terrorismiga
Västrik, Riho, 1965-
Hollandi valitsus rahastab kuni veerandi ulatuses Eesti projekte, mille tulemusena väheneb kasvuhoonegaaside paiskamine õhku. Vastutasuks peab Eesti riik kirjutama Hollandi arvele kogu projekti tulemusel vähenenud saaste
This article acknowledges the conflict between copyright law and freedom of expression right in South Africa; it recognises the tension and conflict of the fundamental rights that is evident in the two case laws discussed. The author laments the absence of copyright provisions under the Bill of Rights of the Constitution as laid ...
This year at fifteen places, regularly distributed over the industrial area west of Rotterdam, indicator plants for air pollution were again set out in the open. Tulip, gladiolus and freesia, indicators for HF, all demonstrated the same two sites to have maximum HF concentration. Spinach, an indicator for O/sub 3//SO/sub 2/, showed maximum injury in April and May and more south of the New Waterway than north of it. Medicago sativa, a plant species rather sensitive for SO/sub 2/ and O/sub 3/, showed little damage, and the reaction of petunia indicated a possible effect of ethylene only in a few cases. The photochemical air pollutant PAN caused in a few cases as well a slight injury to the indicator plants Urtica urens and Poa annua. The frequency of the injury to tobacco Bel W3 by O/sub 3//SO/sub 2/ was maximum during some periods in summer and autumn. This year again the effect of air pollution on growth and yield of tulips, tobacco and tomato plants was studied at six sites at the mouth of the Rhine with filtered and unfiltered greenhouses. The climatic conditions in these greenhouses were completely alike. Tulips in all the unfiltered greenhouses showed twice as heavy leaf injury as those in the filtered greenhouses. Tobacco plants had a higher average fresh and dry weight in the filtered greenhouses than in the unfiltered ones. The same usually held for tomato plants and also for the number of fruits and the average fresh and dry weight of tomato fruits.
van der Heijden, M.P.C.
The consistory notes of the Dutch Reformed Church (1573-1700) reveal conflicts over work between parents and children during the early modern period. Two issues that caused particular tension were the labor experience of future sons-in-law and the division of household tasks. Parents' concerns about
Kagan, Jacob M.
The purpose of this paper is to affirm the role of preceding stimuli in teaching in a manner consistent with operant psychology and to speculate upon causes for neglect by modern operant psychologists if not by teachers. (Author)
Murphy, Carol; Barnes-Holmes, Dermot; Barnes-Holmes, Yvonne
Mand functions for two stimuli (A1 and A2) were trained for 3 children with autism and were then incorporated into two related conditional discriminations (A1-B1/A2 -B2 and B1-C1/B2-C2). Tests were conducted to probe for a derived transfer of mand response functions from Al and A2 to C1 and C2, respectively. When 1 participant failed to…
Full Text Available Sumber belajar adalah segala sesuatu yang dapat digunakan untuk mendapatkan informasi dan segala kemudahan dalam belajar. Sumber belajar tersebut dapat berupa Manusia (People, Lingkungan (setting, Tekhnik (Technique, Alat (Device, dan Pesan-pesan (massages, guru adalah salah satu sumber belajar yang memilikiperan strategis dalam mendorong terjadinya kegiatan belajar pada peserta didik. Pusat sumber belajar adalah suatu bangunan dan lembaga yang terdiri atas kepala dan staf yang diatur secara khusus dengan tujuan menyimpan,merawat, mengembangkan dan memanfaatkan sumber belajar dalam berbagai bentuknya baik individusl msupun kelompok untuk memberikan layanan informasi dan pengetahuan kepada peserta didik. Kelengkapan berbagai layanan informasi dan pengetahuan (sumber belajar kepada peserta didik dipastikan akan memberukaj nilai positif terhadap peningkatan mutu pendidikan pada suatu lembaga pendidikan tertentu. Mutu merupakan suatu kumpulan pemikiran seseorang tetapi merupakan pemikiran yang kolektif. Artinya setiap orang yan g terlibat, dilibatkan dalam menghasilkan sesuatu yang terbaik. Dan mutu sebagai kualitas, didefinisikan sebagai konsistensi dalam menghasilkan produk atau jasa. Dalam kaitannya dengan kondisi peserta didik, maka peserta didik pun berhak mendapatkan pelayanan yang memadai dansesuai dengan apa yang pernah ditaearkan oleh pihak sekolah
This visual arts project was initiated at the West Virginia University Laboratory School (Nursery School) several years ago and has assisted children in reproducing prints of famous artists. Using the principles of behaviorism in conjunction with developmentally appropriate practice has helped young children to extend their knowledge in the visual…
Jon IGELMO ZALDÍVAR
Full Text Available The paper analyzes the way in which it is possible to apply the Quentin Skinner’s analytical method to study the ideas in the academic discipline of Educational Theory. The methodology of the contextual turn is presented as a useful and appropriate hermeneutic tool for the rigorous clarification of the ideas developed by relevant authors for the educational thought. To undertake this endeavor, we assume that Educational Theory involves knowing to do; without ruling out that knowing is a way of doing. Therefore, we aim at incorporating a rigorous methodology to study the ideas, which leads to explore the intentionality of some of relevant texts for the educational debate in the Spanish academic context of pedagogy. We include the application of the Skinner’s method based on contextual turn for the theoretical study of the thought of Ivan Illich and Rudolf Steiner.
Floridi, M.; Bartolini, F.; Peerlings, J.H.M.; Polman, N.B.P.; Viaggi, D.
Innovation and new technology adoption represent two central elements for the business and industry development process in agriculture. One of the most relevant innovations in dairy farms is the robotisation of the milking process through the adoption of Automatic Milking Systems (AMS). The purpose
R.M. Dekker (Rudolf)
textabstractBetween the 17th and 19th centuries, autobiographers and diarists invented new ways to write about childhood and children. At the same time, pedagogical ideas about child-rearing changed. This book looks at the connection between these developments. Childhood became more highly valued as
En 2013, les Pays-Bas connaîtront une vaste marée orange marquant le bicentenaire du retour d’exil du prince Guillaume d’Orange. Ce dernier prit dans un premier temps le titre de « Prince souverain des Pays-Bas » pour se transformer le 16 mars 1815 en celui de roi des Pays-Bas afin d’anticiper le retour de Napoléon débarqué le 1er mars à Golfe-Juan. Depuis l’orange se confond avec les couleurs nationales néerlandaises et bon nombre de Néerlan...
Matteo Floridi; Fabio Bartolini; Jack Peerlings; Nico Polman; Davide Viaggi
Innovation and new technology adoption represent two central elements for the business and industry development process in agriculture. One of the most relevant innovations in dairy farms is the robotisation of the milking process through the adoption of Automatic Milking Systems (AMS). The purpose of this paper is to assess the impact of selected Common Agricultural Policy measures on the adoption of AMS in dairy farms. The model developed is a dynamic farm-household model that is able to si...
Since the beginning of this century, Muslim immigrants have become the subject of a heated debate in the Netherlands. This article examines and analyses this debate which is characterised by five distinctive elements: culturalisation, Islamisation, rejection of Islam, ‘new’ nationalism and the plea
Fransen, Sofie Af; Broeders, Epm; Stassen, Lps; Bouvy, Nd
Single-port laparoscopy is prospected as the future of minimal invasive surgery. It is hypothesised to cause less post operative pain, with a shorter hospitalisation period and improved cosmetic results. Population- and patient-based opinion is important for the adaptation of new techniques. This study aimed to assess the opinion and perception of a healthy population and a patient population on single-port laparoscopy compared with conventional laparoscopy. An anonymous 33-item questionnaire, describing conventional and single-port laparoscopy, was given to 101 patients and 104 healthy volunteers. The survey participants (median age 44 years; range 17-82 years) were asked questions about their personal situation and their expectations and perceptions of the two different surgical techniques; conventional multi-port laparoscopy and single-port laparoscopy. A total of 72% of the participants had never heard of single-port laparoscopy before. The most important concern in both groups was the risk of surgical complications. When complication risks remain similar, 80% prefers single-port laparoscopy to conventional laparoscopy. When the risk of complications increases from 1% to 10%, 43% of all participants prefer single-port laparoscopy. A total of 70% of the participants are prepared to receive treatment in another hospital if single-port surgery is not performed in their hometown hospital. The preference for single-port approach was higher in the female population. Although cure and safety remain the main concerns, the population and patients group have a favourable perception of single-port surgery. The impact of public opinion and patient perception towards innovative techniques is undeniable. If the safety of the two different procedures is similar, this study shows a positive attitude of both participant groups in favour of single-port laparoscopy. However, solid scientific proof for the safety and feasibility of this new surgical technique needs to be obtained before this procedure can be implemented into everyday practice.
Donselaar, M.E.; Geel, C.R.
The size, shape and spatial position of lithofacies types (or facies architecture) in a tidal estuarine basin are complex and therefore difficult to model. The tidal currents in the basin concentrate sand-sized sediment in a branching pattern of tidal channels and fringing tidal flats. Away from the
Hollandi valitsus otsustas kehtestada võõrtööliste maksimummäära. Esimesel kahel aastal pärast EL-i laienemist on uutest EL-i liikmesriikidest Hollandisse oodatud 20000-30000 võõrtöölist. Vt. samas: Maailmas oli mullu ilma tööta 186 miljonit inimest
Larsen, Hanne Hartvig; Grych, Sanni
in the Netherlands based on the mentioned structural characteristics. Data is mainly obtained through existing secondary sources and validation has been soug by comparing the same information from different sources. Due to difficulties in obtaining access to data, differences in definitions and categorising between......, changes in assortment policies with special focus on private labels, internationalisation, and different levels of technology and diffusion of technology. 4. In addition to the more general description, the paper includes a more detailed description of selected important retailers in the grocery trade...
Lansdorp, B.; Williams, P.
The Laddermill is a novel concept to harvest electricity from high altitude winds. The concept's operating principle is to drive an electric generator using tethered kites. Several kites are deployed to altitudes of more than 1 km by means of a single cable that is connected to a drum on the
Leong, Frederick T. L.; Hartung, Paul J.; Goh, David; Gaylor, Michael
Study 1 (n=159) found significant differences in vocational personality types, interests, and values depending on birth order. Study 2 (n=119) found significant differences in occupational interests by birth order. Both results support Alfred Adler's theory that birth order determines aspects of vocational behavior. (Contains 33 references.) (SK)
Practices in the sports industry, sports management and the sociological study of sport are seldom integrated to provide an integrated theoretical framework for analysis and contextualization. The aim of this explorative academic enquiry was to develop a social conceptual framework for the analysis, explanation and ...
Among the notes and collections that came to the Zoological Museum, Amsterdam, after Dr H. C. REDEKE’s death in 1945, I found an entirely completed manuscript, dealing with a new D’Arcythompsonia found in a canal at Den Helder (Netherlands). This is the species cited as nomen nudum by KARL LANG
Peeter Laurits ja Katz töötavad näitusega "Voolav labürint" Kütiorus ning Groningenis projitseeritakse selle protsessi videopilt kahele ekraanile Vroom & Dreesmanni kaubamaja seinal. Näitusega seotud üritused Kütiorus: Anne Türnpu lavastatud "Lemminkäinen" lavakunstikooli üliõpilaste esituses, Triinu Lille maastikuinstallatsiooni rajamine jpm. Projektist teeb dokumentaalfilmi Mart Arjukese. Projekti initsiaator ja läbiviija: Pavlov Medialab. 27. X avatakse näitus Tallinnas Ühispanga galeriis
Brockmeyer, H.; Detzer, R.; van Dijk, A.E.; Kouffeld, R.W.J.
To form an opinion on the thermo-dynamic and flow-pattern conditions in large halls for air conditioning like e.g. concert halls, one will refer to the study of models which normally are prepared in a reduced scale. Comparisons between model studies and the executed object indicate that, even with difficult boundary conditions, reproducible data can be prepared the deviations being only minute. Presented are the results of a model study and the data of the executed plant of a large music centre in the Netherlands.
Thuesen, Frederik; Tørslev, Mette Kirstine; Jensen, Tina Gudrun
Danmark får i stigende grad behov for at rekruttere højtuddannet arbejdskraft fra udlandet. Denne rapport undersøger, hvordan en række lande rekrutterer og fastholder højtuddannet arbejdskraft fra tredjelande, og opstiller et idékatalog over best practice på området. I forhold til rekruttering vi...
Roberts, Benjamin B.
Dit boek richt zich op één generatie van jonge mannen die werd geboren rond 1600 en volwassen werd tijdens het hoogtepunt van de Gouden Eeuw. Van bekende generatiegenoten, zoals Rembrandt van Rijn, wordt onderzocht hoe ze uiting gaven aan hun jongerencultuur en mannelijkheid. Roberts onderzoekt de
Jansen, J.; Dijk, L. van; Wagner, C.; Bakker, D. de
Voor een succesvol Farmaco Therapie Overleg (FTO) zijn een goede voorbereiding, een strenge voorzitter, een duidelijk afgebakend onderwerp en heldere afspraken nodig. Daarmee is het mogelijk het functioneren van zo'n overleg naar een (nog) hoger niveau te tillen. Dit blijkt uit een
Summary This study, entitled 'The Narrowing Horizon of Dutch Traders', deals mainly with the development of Dutch Welfare in the Caribbean Area in the period 1780-1830. On the analogy of Means's definition of 'The Spanish Main' the term Caribbean Area here comprises the West-Indian islands and the
At fourteen different places in the industrial area west of Rotterdam, indicator plants for air pollution were cultivated. The plants were grown in troughs; for HF: freesia and gladiolus, for ozone: tobacco Bell W3, and for PAN: petunia and Urtica urens. The characteristic symptoms were observed several times at different localities. At six places regularly distributed over the same area, two small perspex greenhouses were set up side by side, one provided with an activated carbon filter to clean the air from pollutants before entering the greenhouse, the other receiving the non-filtered air. In order to make conclusions about the effects of air pollution on growth and fruiting, the climatic conditions in both greenhouses will be made completely comparable for long term experiments.
Full Text Available Innovation and new technology adoption represent two central elements for the business and industry development process in agriculture. One of the most relevant innovations in dairy farms is the robotisation of the milking process through the adoption of Automatic Milking Systems (AMS. The purpose of this paper is to assess the impact of selected Common Agricultural Policy measures on the adoption of AMS in dairy farms. The model developed is a dynamic farm-household model that is able to simulate the adoption of AMS taking into account the allocation of productive factors between on-farm and off-farm activities. The model simulates the decision to replace a traditional milking system with AMS using a Real Options approach that allows farmers to choose the optimal timing of investments. Results show that the adoption of AMS, and the timing of such a decision, is strongly affected by policy uncertainty and market conditions. The effect of this uncertainty is to postpone the decision to adopt the new technology until farmers have gathered enough information to reduce the negative effects of the technological lock-in. AMS adoption results in an increase in farm size and herd size due to the reduction in the labour required for milking operations.
Hollandi valitsuskriisist. Peaminister Balkenende koalitsioonivalitsuse üks osapooltest, D66 partei, loobus valitsuse toetamisest, kuna immigratsiooniminister Rita Verdonk nõudis kodakondsuse äravõtmist Somaalia päritolu endiselt seadusandjalt Ayaan Hirsi Alilt, kes olevat Hollandisse tulles esitanud immigratsiooniametnikele valeandmeid. Autor kritiseerib tagasi astunud valitsuse ja peaminister Balkenende tegevust ning prognoosib sündmusi uue valitsuse moodustamisel
Intuitively, weather plays an important role in everyday mobility. How often do we not expose ourselves to cold, heat, sun, rain, snow or wind when we are travelling on foot or by bicycle; waiting at a bus stop; walking towards a parked car; or driving under slippery road conditions. Recently,
The mole cricket Gryllotalpa gryllotalpa in de Dutch dunes (Orthoptera) In recent years mole crickets Gryllotalpa gryllotalpa were found at 37 sites in the Dutch dunes. Conservation measures to create moist dune valleys seem to play a positive role for mole crickets. Half of the new records stemmed
Roberti, Jonathan W.; Fox, Daniel J.; Tunick, Roy H.
The Vocational Preference Inventory, two personality questionnaires, and the Sensation-Seeking Scale were completed by 126 college students. Younger students had undifferentiated vocational profiles. Men tended toward Realistic, Enterprising, and Investigative occupations, women toward Social, Enterprising, and Artistic. Significant convergence…
Murphy, Carol; Barnes-Holmes, Dermot
Participants were 2 typically developing children, aged 9 and 10 years, and 1 child, aged 4 years, with a reported severe speech delay. Five specific mand functions were trained such that participants learned to mand for the delivery or removal of tokens to the value of -2, -1, 0, +1, and +2, by presenting an arbitrary stimulus (A1, A2, A3, A4,…
Casey, Laura Baylot; Bicard, David F.
Language development in typically developing children has a very predictable pattern beginning with crying, cooing, babbling, and gestures along with the recognition of spoken words, comprehension of spoken words, and then one word utterances. This predictable pattern breaks down for children with language disorders. This article will discuss…
Fernanda Marques Jacovozzi
Questionamentos referentes à recomendação de procedimentos de intervenção comportamental não são recentes, especialmente quando se discute a respeito de procedimentos aversivos. O estudo descrito neste artigo teve como objetivo principal verificar divergências entre as recomendações de procedimentos de intervenção de livros de orientação para pais, recomendados por psicoterapeutas comportamentais infantis, e as recomendações de autores da área básica da Análise do Comportamento, quanto ao uso...
Burrell, William D.; Gable, Robert S.
Electronic monitoring was originally designed as a system to facilitate the rehabilitation of young adult offenders. The concept was not well-received, and the first judicially sanctioned program was not initiated until 20 years later. Adoption of the technology then spread rapidly. The primary use of monitoring has evolved from being an adjunct…
Public values research is a major topic in public administration science, but little attention has been given to the origin of public values. This article traces the origin of public values to the development of the public sphere and public offices in the late Middle Ages, a period often dismissed
Dekker, J J H
Seventeenth century Dutch genre painting played a major role in the promotion of the pursuit of family and educational virtues. Packing moralistic messages in fine paintings was considered as a very effective moralistic communication policy in a culture in which sending such moralising paintings and drawings on education and domestic virtues, so contributing to the reconciliation of the existing tensions, or, in the words of Simon Schama, embarrassment between beauty and the promoted virtues of frugality and simplicity. A broad middle class created its own private surrounding in which morality and enjoying the beauty of moralising on the family and parenting went together, as is made clear by the analysis of a series of representative images. Dutch parents, moralists, and painters knew the power of beauty in moralising on the family.
South Holland School District 151, IL.
Thirteen objectives of the program and analyses of each in terms of procedure, evaluation, the status of procedure, and status of the evaluation are listed in this report. The objectives are: the establishment of a community relations program to promote two-way communication between school board, administration, teachers, students, and parents;…
... Procedure Act (APA) (5 U.S.C. 553(b)). This provision authorizes an agency to issue a rule without prior... Department of Homeland Security Management Directive 023-01 and Commandant Instruction M16475.lD, which guide...
Kerkhof, G.A.; Geuke, M.E.H.; Brouwer, A.; Rijsman, R.M.; Schimsheimer, R.J.; van Kasteel, V.
The primary objectives of this study were to construct a self-assessment questionnaire for sleep disorders based on the International Classification of Sleep Disorders-2, and to evaluate the questionnaire’s psychometric properties with respect to its total score and the individual scores for each of
Schoonderbeek, J.; Westhoff, J.; Meeusen, K.; Elving, W.J.L.; Podnar, K.; Balmer, J.M.T.
Organizations are in need of high quality employees in order to be able to fulfil the needs of its stakeholders and to be successful. Employer branding in recruitment might be a first step to attract high potential employees. In this paper we conducted two separate studies. First we analyzed whether
National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, Department of Commerce — The National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA) has the statutory mandate to collect hydrographic data in support of nautical chart compilation for safe...
Zaterdagavond 24 januari 1970, kwart over negen ’s avonds. Het tv-programma Brandpunt zond een item uit over actiegroep Dolle Mina. Jonge meiden die opriepen tot een kookstaking, die mannen nafloten op straat en een korset verbrandden. Vier miljoen mensen zaten die avond aan de buis gekluisterd en
Rukanova, B.D.; Huiden, Roel; Tan, Y.
Digital infrastructures (DI) that support information exchange related to international trade processes (here referred to as Digital Trade Infrastructures (DTI)) have been seen as an instrument to help address the trade facilitation and security challenges. Data pipelines can be seen as an example
Velden, van P.; Elings, A.
Doing business with Mexican entrepreneurs is high on the wish list of Dutch companies. That’s not so simple when you’re used to building high-tech greenhouses. Yet the local growers want to improve their current methods of production. The Dutch can be of service by offering knowledge about simple
Seventeenth century Dutch genre painting played a major role in the promotion of the pursuit of family and educational virtues. Packing moralistic messages in fine paintings was considered as a very effective moralistic communication policy in a culture in which sending such moralising messages was
... GW, Spence JE, Amato S, Rousseau JA, Moghaddam B, Skinner C, Skinner SA, Bernes S, Armstrong N, Shinawi M, Stankiewicz P, ... Sharp AJ, Mefford HC, Li K, Baker C, Skinner C, Stevenson RE, Schroer RJ, Novara F, De ...
... Secretary, for Antidumping and Countervailing Duty Operations, through Melissa Skinner, Director, Office III... Duty Operations, through Melissa Skinner, Director, Office III Antidumping and Countervailing Duty..., Deputy Assistant Secretary, for Antidumping and Countervailing Duty Operations, through Melissa Skinner...
..., International Trade Compliance Analyst, through James Terpstra, Program Manager, to Melissa Skinner, Director... POSCO Group as a voluntary respondent. See Memorandum from James Terpstra to Melissa Skinner entitled...
... Duty Operations, from Melissa G. Skinner, Director, Office 3, on ``Sunset Reviews of the Antidumping... Assistant Secretary for Antidumping Duty and Countervailing Duty Operations, from Melissa G. Skinner...
... the File from Christopher Hargett, International Trade Compliance Analyst, through Melissa Skinner... Skinner, Office Director, concerning ``Certain Hot-Rolled Carbon Steel Flat Products from India: Customs...
Full Text Available Isolates representing Cryptococcus laurentii and Cryptococcus podzolicus, originating from soil of a heath land indigenous to South Africa, were screened for the presence of enantioselective epoxide hydrolases for 2, 2-disubstituted epoxides...
... not have diabetic retinopathy. He holds a Class A CDL from Texas. Benjamin D. Skinner Mr. Skinner, 26... certifies that Mr. Skinner understands diabetes management and monitoring, has stable control of his diabetes using insulin, and is able to drive a CMV safely. Mr. Skinner meets the requirements of the vision...
Harteveld, E.; Waterhout, B.; Broekhans, B.; Zonneveld, W.A.M.
Spatial planning practices are constantly evolving to be more effective in a dynamic context. In the face of the latest developments, the practice of collaborative spatial planning through the formation of regional collaborations has emerged as the contemporary solution. The practice of working with a multitude of public actors that cooperate to formulate spatial strategies for issues that transcend their own planning capacity is relatively new and the ideal structure, organization and scope ...
Vermeulen, G D [DLO Instituut voor Milieu- en Agritechniek IMAG-DLO, Wageningen (Netherlands); Harmsen, J [DLO Staring Centrum SC-DLO, Wageningen (Netherlands); Castilho, P del [DLO Instituut voor Agrobiologisch en Bodemvruchtbaarheidsonderzoek AB-DLO, Haren (Netherlands); Ligthart, F [Energieonderzoek Centrum Nederland ECN, Petten (Netherlands)
The targets set by the Dutch government for the use of sustainable energy sources in 2020 include the use of locally-grown biomass to replace part of the fossil fuels used now. However, the costs of locally-grown biomass, are high compared with fossil fuels and imported biomass. The objective of this project was to investigate the potential of utilising cheap, polluted locations and/or combining energy cropping with other forms of land use, such as nature development or remediation of contaminated dredged sediments, for biomass production for energy in the Netherlands. It was estimated that about 15,000 ha could become available for these low-cost biomass production options on short term, equivalent to 42% of the locally-grown biomass target in the year 2020. The costs on a caloric basis, without subsidies, would be roughly 1-2 times the costs of coal. Depending on future policies, the low-cost biomass production area could be extended to a total of 26,500 ha, equivalent to 73% of the locally-grown biomass target in the year 2020. The available literature indicates that soil pollution has little effect on biomass yield. Expected heavy metal concentrations in the biomass do not negatively affect its energy conversion properties and the currently practised re-use of the fly-ash of co-fired powder coal plants in cement and concrete. The study also revealed strong indications that the heavy metals in biomass are concentrated in a low volume ash-stream when gasification technology is used for conversion. This might offer opportunities for phytoremediation of polluted soils. 42 refs.
Damman, Marleen; Heyse, Liesbet; Mills, Melinda
Although one can assume the work values within nonprofit organizations promote gender equality in promotion decisions, there is preliminary evidence that in the nonprofit sector women are underrepresented in higher management positions. Whereas the mechanisms resulting in underrepresentation of
Putri Retno A
Full Text Available Tujuan dari penelian ini adalah untuk mengevaluasi keberhasilan inseminasi buatan berdasarkan Days Open (DO, Service per Conception (S/C, dan Calving Interval (CI. serta mengetahui penampilan reproduksi sapi perah pada berbagai paritas di Wilayah KUD “Sumber Makmur”, Kecamatan Ngantang, Kabupaten Malang. Penelitian ini merupakan study kasus. Materi yang digunakan dalam penelitian ini adalah data 100 ekor sapi perah betina yang minimal telah partus dua kali agar dapat diketahui Calving Intervalnya. Sampel dipilih secara acak dalam satu Kecamatan. Analisis deskriptif digunakan untuk mengetahui rataan dan standar deviasi dari DO, S/C, dan CI serta analisis data dengan metode Kruskall Wallis menggunakan sebaran uji Chi Square untuk membandingkan tampilan reproduksi pada berbagai paritas berdasarkan DO, S/C, dan CI. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan bahwa rataan dari DO, S/C, dan CI berturut-turut: 100,66±51,06 hari; 1,9±O,44 kali; dan 385,50±55,13 hari dan hasil uji statistik menunjukkan bahwa antar DO pada berbagai paritas, S/C danCI tidak berbeda nyata (P>0,05.Disimpulkan bahwa rata-rata DO panjang, S/C tinggi pada paritas tertentu dan CI juga masih panjang, membuktikan bahwa keberhasilan Inseminasi Buatan masih rendah dan tidak terdapat perbedaan penampilan reproduksi sapi perah pada berbagai paritas berdasarkan DO, S/C, dan CI. Kata Kunci : Inseminasi Buatan, Days Open, Service per Conception, dan Calving Interval.
P.C. Spierenburg (Pieter)
textabstractThe article attempts to make the difference in timing between Europe and the United States with respect to the rise of imprisonment understandable. It starts with Europe, taking Amsterdam as its main example. As a punitive institution, the prison became well-established in various
Baptist, M.J.; Wolfshaar, van de K.E.; Huisman, B.J.A.; Groot, de A.V.; Boer, de W.; Ye, Q.
Sand nourishments can affect the coastal ecosystem in various ways. Direct effects are the burial of benthic species under a layer of sand. In the direct vicinity, suffocation of benthos can occur due to the settling of a plume of suspended sediment particles. A plume of fine particles may also
Eisenbies, Mark [State Univ. of New York College of Environmental Science and Forestry (SUNY-ESF), Syracuse, NY (United States); Volk, Timothy [State Univ. of New York College of Environmental Science and Forestry (SUNY-ESF), Syracuse, NY (United States); Abrahamson, Lawrence [State Univ. of New York College of Environmental Science and Forestry (SUNY-ESF), Syracuse, NY (United States); Shuren, Richard [GreenWood Resources, Inc., Portland, OR (United States); Stanton, Brian [GreenWood Resources, Inc., Portland, OR (United States); Posselius, John [Case New Holland, New Holland, PA (United States); McArdle, Matt [Mesa Reduction Engineering and Processing, Inc., Auburn, NY (United States); Karapetyan, Samvel [State Univ. of New York College of Environmental Science and Forestry (SUNY-ESF), Syracuse, NY (United States); Patel, Aayushi [State Univ. of New York College of Environmental Science and Forestry (SUNY-ESF), Syracuse, NY (United States); Shi, Shun [State Univ. of New York College of Environmental Science and Forestry (SUNY-ESF), Syracuse, NY (United States); Zerpa, Jose [State Univ. of New York College of Environmental Science and Forestry (SUNY-ESF), Syracuse, NY (United States)
Biomass for biofuels, bioproducts and bioenergy can be sourced from forests, agricultural crops, various residue streams, and dedicated woody or herbaceous crops. Short rotation woody crops (SRWC), like willow and hybrid poplar, are perennial cropping systems that produce a number of environmental and economic development benefits in addition to being a renewable source of biomass that can be produced on marginal land. Both hybrid poplar and willow have several characteristics that make them an ideal feedstock for biofuels, bioproducts, and bioenergy; these include high yields that can be obtained in three to four years, ease of cultivar propagation from dormant cuttings, a broad underutilized genetic base, ease of breeding, ability to resprout after multiple harvests, and feedstock composition similar to other sources of woody biomass. Despite the range of benefits associated with SRWC systems, their deployment has been restricted by high costs, low market acceptance associated with inconsistent chip quality (see below for further explanation), and misperceptions about other feedstock characteristics (see below for further explanation). Harvesting of SRWC is the largest single cost factor (~1/3 of the final delivered cost) in the feedstock supply system. Harvesting is also the second largest input of primary fossil energy in the system after commercial N fertilizer, accounting for about one third of the input. Therefore, improving the efficiency of the harvesting system has the potential to reduce both cost and environmental impact. At the start of this project, we projected that improving the overall efficiency of the harvesting system by 25% would reduce the delivered cost of SRWC by approximately $0.50/MMBtu (or about $7.50/dry ton). This goal was exceeded over the duration of this project, as noted below.
Harteveld, E.; Waterhout, B.; Broekhans, B.; Zonneveld, W.A.M.
Spatial planning practices are constantly evolving to be more effective in a dynamic context. In the face of the latest developments, the practice of collaborative spatial planning through the formation of regional collaborations has emerged as the contemporary solution. The practice of working with
As our knowledge of extinct mammals is rather poor, is seems worthwhile to publish the following notes on the Quagga. Mr. Haga was so kind as to call my attention to the 6 volumes of bound watercolour-drawings in the Print Room at the Rijksmuseum in Amsterdam known as the Gordon-Atlas. It consists
Risvaag, Lillian Beate
Norwegians keep moving away from the small villages in the countryside to the bigger towns. They seek the urban life far away from the boring and all too safe life in the parish. In other countries we can see something different, and among these are Netherland. More and more people here wants away from the stressful life in the big tows, to peace and quiet in rural areas. Their only problem is the lack of these places. Some solve this problem by moving to countries like Norway. This thesi...
The Europeans were the first to make the fight against climate change a large structural policy of this half-century. As pioneers, we therefore find ourselves in the front line in meeting the challenges that are technological, societal and economic that structure the energy transition. How these challenges can be met will depend on the choices made in each Member State, but what the solutions found will have in common is that they will have to fit into energy systems whose networks, covering millions of kilometres, already provide the architecture. Continuing to 'provide a system', thanks to the networks for delivering energy under the best conditions of effectiveness and cost, is thus an absolute imperative for the security of supply for Europeans, their quality of life and the competitiveness of their businesses and therefore their jobs. Europe is the area of the world that offers the best quality energy services; this advantage must be reinforced. However, the role required of Europe's energy networks is being profoundly reshaped in this context of energy transition, since their organisation must now: - Accompany decentralisation, the means of renewable energy production being dispersed in hundreds of thousands of sites over all the territories. This requires radically reorganising the networks, in particular the distribution networks, which were not originally designed for this renewable energy collecting function. - Managing complexity of a new kind due to the variability of certain renewable energies, but also the emergence of new uses, such as electric vehicles. - Ensuring solidarity between the States and regions, in a context where the technological uncertainties of the new sectors are added to the older ones of a geopolitical nature. - Continuing to ensure equal access to energy services, without the transition becoming a discriminating factor against those citizens who are economically the weakest. Pooling knowledge and thinking to adapt the networks is a necessity if the Europeans want the energy transition to be a success. Article 194 of the Treaty of Lisbon has already laid down the way to greater intervention by the Union in this regard. But the Europeans must go further and explore, as quickly as possible, areas of joint cooperation, innovation and investment. The challenge is great since hundreds of billions of euros of investment will have to be made between now and 2030, and no argument is needed to convince oneself that, in a convalescent Europe, every euro will have to be invested with the greatest concern for effectiveness for our communities. Finally, this 'networked European energy', that we all wish for, will not only be a physical, technical and economic challenge. It must also embody these 'shared idiosyncrasies' that today characterise the European energy space: the verticality of the national hierarchies will be followed by the horizontality of communication between the territories; the authority of the powers in place, by the legitimacy of the citizen, initiative and success; industrial uniformity, by the diversity of models of organisation; a situation of separate States, by exchanges within the European area. The twelve proposals presented at the end of this report thus aim to promote the emergence of a coherent and pragmatic European approach in the field of networks, to solve today's problems and to meet tomorrow's challenges. From this standpoint, these proposals are structured around three main focus areas: - Revising security of supply and cooperation between the network companies, but also the local authorities involved in the energy transition, - Strengthening coordination of the regulations and the funding levers to optimise the infrastructure costs, while investing in the territories crossed by this strategic infrastructure, - Promoting Europe as an energy innovation leader, giving a new impetus and a new dimension to its R and D, in particular through standardisation, the creation of an energy data platform, the establishment of innovative mobility corridors and the foundation of a European Energy College
Rossi Etchelouz, Nelly Yvis
This booklet describes the working and organization of the information and documentation systems in Belgium, the Netherlands, and France. The discussion begins with a look at the Belgium educational system and how information services operate within that system. The central library, specialized services, and specialized information centers are all…
Koffeman, M.N.; Koffeman, Maaike; Montoya, Alicia C.; Smeets, Marc
Parĳs, tot halverwege de 20ste eeuw het onbetwiste centrum van de Europese cultuur, heeft van oudsher een grote aantrekkingskracht uitgeoefend op Nederlandse kunstenaars en schrĳvers. Velen van hen verbleven er kortere of langere tĳd, op zoek naar internationale erkenning. De vrĳere seksuele moraal
... and ADNSA. See Memorandum to the File, through Melissa Skinner, Director, AD/CVD Operations, Office 3... Secretary for Antidumping and Countervailing Duty Operations, from Melissa Skinner, Director, Antidumping...
... Memorandum to the File, Through Melissa Skinner, Director, Office 8, from George McMahon, Case Analyst... January 14, 2013. \\8\\ See Memorandum to the File, Through Melissa Skinner, Director, Office 8, from Cindy...
..., such as food or water (Ferster and Skinner, 1957 under paragraph (f)(2) of this section). For example....B. Skinner, B.F. Schedules of Reinforcement. (New York: Appleton-Century-Crofts, 1957). (3) Laties...
... Skinner. This letter, included as Additional material in paragraph (145)(ii)(B) below, removes references... Regional Administrator Thomas Skinner, titled Request for Approval of Ohio Administrative Code (``OAC...
... Gentile JK, Tan WH, Horowitz LT, Bacino CA, Skinner SA, Barbieri-Welge R, Bauer-Carlin A, Beaudet ... article on PubMed Central Tan WH, Bacino CA, Skinner SA, Anselm I, Barbieri-Welge R, Bauer-Carlin ...
... Melissa Skinner, Director, AD/CVD Operations, Office 3, from Kristen Johnson, Trade Analyst, AD/CVD... Operations, from Melissa Skinner, Director, Antidumping and Countervailing Duty Operations, Office 3...
Schlinger, Henry D., Jr.
In the present essay, commemorating the 60th anniversary of the publication of B. F. Skinner's "Verbal Behavior", I stand by and defend the judgment I expressed in my article "The Long Goodbye: Why B. F. Skinner's 'Verbal Behavior' Is Alive and Well on the 50th Anniversary of Its Publication" (2008c)--that Skinner's…
..., through James Terpstra, Program Manager, and Melissa Skinner, Office Director, concerning ``Customs and..., International Trade Compliance Analyst, through James Terpstra, Program Manager, and Melissa Skinner, Office... and Programs, Office of International Trade, U.S. Customs and Border Protection, from Melissa Skinner...
[email protected] Mail: Cathleen Skinner, Consumer Response, Consumer Financial Protection Bureau, 1500... INFORMATION CONTACT: Requests for additional information should be directed to Cathaleen Skinner, Consumer Financial Protection Bureau, (202) 435-7469, email@example.com . SUPPLEMENTARY INFORMATION: Title...
... companies examined in the current review. See Memo to Melissa Skinner, through James Terpstra, from Dennis... Shipment Inquiry'' to CBP and by reviewing electronic CBP data. See Memo to Melissa Skinner, through James... Melissa Skinner, Office Director, dated April 19, 2010 (``Sales Verification Report''). [[Page 33265...
... to Melissa Skinner, Director, AD/CVD Operations, Office 3, from Eric B. Greynolds, Program Manager...,'' (October 18, 2010) (GOC Verification Report) and Memorandum to Melissa Skinner, Director, AD/CVD Operations... the File through Melissa Skinner, Director, AD/CVD Operations, Office 3, from Kristen Johnson, Trade...
A historical sketch which traces behavioral theory from Pavlov to Skinner and explains the application of Skinner's theory to teaching begins this introduction to programed instruction. Next, three models of programed courses, Skinner's, Crowder's, and skip-branching, are described. The third section, techniques for elaborating programed courses,…
The Effect of the Gambir (Uncaria gambir (Hunt.) Roxb.) Leaves Waste and White Turmeric (Curcuma zedoaria) for The Productivity, Antioxidant Content and Mastitis Condition of The Fries Holland Dairy Cows
Nurdin, E.; Fitrimawati
The aim of this research was to evaluate the effect of the gambir leaves waste and white turmeric on the productivity, antioxidant content and mastitis condition of dairy cows. The treatments were A. 0% gambir waste + 0.02% white turmeric; B. 20% of gambir waste + 0.02% white turmeric; C. 30% gambir waste + 0.02% white turmeric; D. 40% gambir waste + 0.02% white turmeric; and E. 50% gambir waste + 0.02% white turmeric. The results of in vitro experiment showed that the optimum ecological conditions rumen pH were ranging from 6.66 to 7.59, NH3 concentrations were ranging from 23.42 to 31.54 nM and VFA concentrations were ranging from 66.15 to 119.82 mM. All treatments gave a real impact on the rumen ecology of dairy cows FH. In-vivo experiment for the best treatment from in-vitro experiment (30% gambir waste + 0.02% white turmeric) showed that similarly, the effect of administration of gambir leaves waste and white turmeric on dairy cattle FH, antioxidant activity affect the increase of milk production (Pmastitis (Pmastitis.
El tirano de Holanda: Guillermo de Orange en el discurso español del Siglo de Oro sobre las Guerras de Flandes = The tyrant of Holland: Willem of Orange in the Spanish Golden Age discourse on the Dutch revolt
Rodríguez Pérez, Y.
Since the outbreak of the Dutch Revolt, William of Orange fulfilled a specific role in Spanish discourse, comparable to that of the Duke of Alba in the Low Countries. These historical figures were considered as tyrants in these opposing ‘national’ discourses. In Spain, the figure of William of
Oceanographic and surface meteorological data collected from Holland Buoy by LimnoTech and assembled by Great Lakes Observing System (GLOS) in the Great Lakes region from 2014-07-01 to 2017-08-31 (NODC Accession 0123650)
National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, Department of Commerce — NCEI Accession 0123650 contains oceanographic and surface meteorological data in netCDF formatted files, which follow the Climate and Forecast metadata convention...
Van Nes, A.; Stolk, E.
Mobility on rails is acknowledged to be one of the most sustainable means of transportation between cities and towns. Therefore, a railway station’s location in a built environment and its degree of accessibility is essential to reach as many travellers as possible. Even though there exist several
Nuzzolilli, Andrew E; Diller, James W
The present paper analyzes consistencies between the philosophical systems of David Hume and B. F. Skinner, focusing on their conceptualization of causality and attitudes about scientific behavior. The ideas that Hume initially advanced were further developed in Skinner's writings and shaped the behavior-analytic approach to scientific behavior. Tracing Skinner's logical antecedents allows for additional historical and philosophical clarity when examining the development of radical behaviorism.
Bondy, Andy; Tincani, Matt; Frost, Lori
This paper presents Skinner's (1957) analysis of verbal behavior as a framework for understanding language acquisition in children with autism. We describe Skinner's analysis of pure and impure verbal operants and illustrate how this analysis may be applied to the design of communication training programs. The picture exchange communication system (PECS) is a training program influenced by Skinner's framework. We describe the training sequence associated with PECS and illustrate how this sequ...
Mainporti projekti arhitekt Ben van Berkel, projekteerijad: Van Berkel & Bos, Holland Railconsult. Projekti II etapis uuriti Hoog Catherijne ostukeskuse laiendamist. Projekteerijad: Van Berkel & Bos, Neutelings & Riedijk, Alsop & Störmer.Van Berkel & Bos (arhitektibüroo, Holland). Holland Railconsult (projekteerimisbüroo, Utrecht). Alsop & Störmer (arhitektibüroo, London). Neutelings & Riedijk (arhitektibüroo, Rotterdam)
Zuriff, G E
Skinner's Science and Human Behavior is in part an attempt to solve psychology's problem with mind-body dualism by revising our everyday mentalistic conceptual scheme. In the case of descriptive mentalism (the use of mentalistic terms to describe behavior), Skinner offers behavioral "translations." In contrast, Skinner rejects explanatory mentalism (the use of mental concepts to explain behavior) and suggests how to replace it with a behaviorist explanatory framework. For experiential mentalism, Skinner presents a theory of verbal behavior that integrates the use of mentalistic language in first-person reports of phenomenal experience into a scientific framework.
Plumlee, G. S.; Ziegler, T. L.
"Town clenched in suffocating grip of asbestos"USA Today, article on Libby,Montana, February, 2000"Researchers find volcanoes are bad for your health… long after they finish erupting"University of WarwickPress Release, 1999"Toxic soils plague city - arsenic, lead in 5 neighborhoods could imperil 17,000 residents"Denver Post, 2002"Ill winds - dust storms ferry toxic agents between countries and even continents"Science News, 2002A quick scan of newspapers, television, science magazines, or the internet on any given day has a fairly high likelihood of encountering a story (usually accompanied by a creative headline such as those above) regarding human health concerns linked to dusts, soils, or other earth materials. Many such concerns have been recognized and studied for decades, but new concerns arise regularly.Earth scientists have played significant roles in helping the medical community understand some important links between earth materials and human health, such as the role of asbestos mineralogy in disease (Skinner et al., 1988; Ross, 1999; Holland and Smith, 2001), and the role of dusts generated by the 1994 Northridge, California, earthquake in an outbreak of Valley Fever ( Jibson et al., 1998; Schneider et al., 1997).Earth science activities tied to health issues are growing (Skinner and Berger, 2003), and are commonly classified under the emerging discipline of medical geology (Finkelman et al., 2001; Selinus and Frank, 2000; Selinus, in press).Medical geochemistry (also referred to as environmental geochemistry and health: Smith and Huyck (1999), Appleton et al. (1996)) can be considered as a diverse subdiscipline of medical geology that deals with human and animal health in the context of the Earth's geochemical cycle ( Figure 1). Many medical geochemistry studies have focused on how chemical elements in rocks, soils, and sediments are transmitted via water or vegetation into the food chain, and how regional geochemical variations can result in disease
Ramirez, Aura I.
Currently, three theories of learning dominate classroom practice. First, B.F. Skinner's Theory of Operant Conditioning states that if behavior, including learning behavior, is reinforced, the probability of its being repeated increases strongly. Different types and schedules of reinforcement have been studied, by Skinner and others, and the…
Michael, Jack; Palmer, David C.; Sundberg, Mark L.
Amid the novel terms and original analyses in Skinner's "Verbal Behavior", the importance of his discussion of multiple control is easily missed, but multiple control of verbal responses is the rule rather than the exception. In this paper we summarize and illustrate Skinner's analysis of multiple control and introduce the terms "convergent…
Full Text Available stream_source_info Skinner_1994.pdf.txt stream_content_type text/plain stream_size 128 Content-Encoding ISO-8859-1 stream_name Skinner_1994.pdf.txt Content-Type text/plain; charset=ISO-8859-1 ...
Haarder, Jon Helt
HENRIK LIST: SOLEN SKINNER ALDRIG PÅ EN GO-GO-BAR 328 sider, 299,95 kr. Lindhardt og Ringhof UDKOMMER I DAG 4......HENRIK LIST: SOLEN SKINNER ALDRIG PÅ EN GO-GO-BAR 328 sider, 299,95 kr. Lindhardt og Ringhof UDKOMMER I DAG 4...
TECHNICIAN, ACADEMIC, VERBAL, and QUANTITATIVE. Thompson, Skinner , Gould, Alley, & Shore (2010) provided a full description of the subtest and the...Strategic Research and Assessment Branch. Thompson, N., Skinner , J., Gould, R. B., Alley, W., & Shore, W. (2010). Development of the Air Force
Ćaǧatay Uçgun, Filiz; Esen, Oǧul; Gümral, Hasan
We present Skinner-Rusk and Hamiltonian formalisms of second order degenerate Clément and Sarıoğlu-Tekin Lagrangians. The Dirac-Bergmann constraint algorithm is employed to obtain Hamiltonian realizations of Lagrangian theories. The Gotay-Nester-Hinds algorithm is used to investigate Skinner-Rusk formalisms of these systems.
B.F. Skinner applied his concept of operant conditioning to education. Skinner believed that people acted the way they did because they had been reinforced for behaving in a certain manner. His orientation to pedagogy was predicated upon the notion that a student's behavior could be modified by guiding the student through the learning process…
... Trade Analyst, AD/CVD Operations, Office 3, through Melissa G. Skinner, Director, AD/CVD Operations... questionnaire to the GOC regarding the provision of electricity for less than adequate remuneration (LTAR) and.... Skinner, Director, AD/CVD Operations, Office 3, from Patricia M. Tran, International Trade Analyst, AD/CVD...
..., through Melissa G. Skinner, Director, AD/CVD Operations, Office 3, regarding ``Respondent Selection..., Program Manager, AD/CVD Operations, Office 3, through Melissa G. Skinner, Director, AD/CVD Operations... alleged provision of steel rounds for less than adequate remuneration (LTAR) by the GOC. We requested...
The ordinary-language concept of values has a complex history in psychology and in science generally. The traditional fact-value distinction commonly found in traditional scientific perspectives has been challenged by the varieties of philosophical pragmatism, which have similarities to Skinner's radical behaviorism. Skinner's challenge to the…
Skinner, Donald · Skinner, Donald · Skovdal, Morten · Sliep, Yvonne · Smillie, Kirsten · Smit, Jennifer A. Smith, Dawn K · Smith, Helen · Smith, Julia · Smith, Sarah · Snipstad, Mai Bente · Sodemann, Morten · Soko, Mavis · Sone, Albert Mouelle · Souza, Emmanuel · Spark-du Preez1, N · Spiegel, Paul B · Sprague, Courtenay
Bondy, A.; Tincani, M.; Frost, L.
This paper presents Skinner's (1957) analysis of verbal behavior as a framework for understanding language acquisition in children with autism. We describe Skinner's analysis of pure and impure verbal operants and illustrate how this analysis may be applied to the design of communication training programs. The picture exchange communication system…
Konate, Sindou Michel
This project is focused on French president François Hollande new policy initiation around French Development assistance issue, particularly to French speakingAfrica South of the Sahara. President Hollande wishes to distance himself from the practices of his predecessors on French Public Development Assistance toward its former African colonies This project is focused on French president François Hollande new policy initiation around French Development assistance issue, particularly to Fre...
Kallas, Sandra, 1987-
Eutannasia mõistest ja liikidest, aktiivse eutanaasia õiguslikest ja eetilistest küsimustest, eutanaasiast teistes riikides (Holland, Belgia, Jaapan), eutanaasia seadustamise võimalikkusest Eestis
Implementatie van duurzaam-veilige maatregelen in het Westland : een studie naar de aanpak, de kosten en de gevolgen voor de veiligheid van een duurzaam-veilige infrastructuur volgens een drietal scenario's. In opdracht van de Provincie Zuid-Holland, Dienst Verkeer en Vervoer.
Stichting Wetenschappelijk Onderzoek Verkeersveiligheid SWOV
The `Westland Road Safety Project' was launched in the year 1994. As part of this project, the SWOV Institute for Road Safety Research drew up a road safety plan for the infrastructure in the Westland region. Other parts of the Haaglanden region were involved as well. The year 1993 was used as a
Luiz Antônio Franco Silva
Full Text Available Avaliaram-se causas de descarte de vacas Holandesas manejadas intensivamente, em cinco propriedades rurais, em um rebanho de 2.083 animais, no período compreendido entre janeiro de 2000 a janeiro de 2003. As informações obtidas foram classificadas em categorias, procedendo-se ao cálculo da respectiva freqüência em percentuais. Foram descartados 296 animais (14,2% durante o período estudado, sendo que 82 (27,7% descartes ocorreram em virtude de alterações no sistema reprodutor, 55 (18,5% por problemas no sistema locomotor, 51 (17,2% em decorrência de enfermidades na glândula mamária, 7 (2,6% pela ocorrência de problemas digestivos, 3 (2,6% por doenças metabólicas, 2 (0,7% em razão de doenças respiratórias, 1 (0,7% em conseqüência de fotossensibilização e 95 (32% por motivos diversos, como idade avançada e comercialização. Considerou-se indispensável a adoção de medidas efetivas no controle dos distúrbios reprodutivos, locomotores e da glândula mamária para a manutenção dos animais no rebanho e, conseqüentemente, da lucratividade do negócio. PALAVRAS-CHAVES: Causas de descarte, confinamento, vacas. Aiming to investigate the main factors of culling in Holstein cows under intensive management, it was obtained datas from 2.083 Holstein breed of five properties from the Goias State and one propriety from Sao Paulo State, in the period between January of 2000 and January of 2003. The obtained information were ranked in categories, after calculating the respective frequency in percentage. It was culled 296 animals (14.2% during the studied period. Eighty two (27.7% of them occurred for alterations on the reproductive system, 55 (18.5% for diseases in the locomotor system, 51 (17.2% due to the alterations of the mammary gland, seven (2.6% for the occurrence of digestive problems, three (2.6% for metabolic diseases, two (0.7% due to respiratory infirmities, one (0.7% for photossensibility and 95 (32% for several reasons. It was considered indispensable the adoption of effective actions for the control of the reproductive, locomotor and of the mammary gland disorders for the maintenance of the animals in the flock and, consecutively, for the profitability of this business. KEY WORDS: Confinement, cows, culling causes.
Avaliaram-se causas de descarte de vacas Holandesas manejadas intensivamente, em cinco propriedades rurais, em um rebanho de 2.083 animais, no período compreendido entre janeiro de 2000 a janeiro de 2003. As informações obtidas foram classificadas em categorias, procedendo-se ao cálculo da respectiva freqüência em percentuais. Foram descartados 296 animais (14,2% durante o período estudado, sendo que 82 (27,7% descartes ocorreram em virtude de alterações no sistema reprodutor, 55 (18,5% por problemas no sistema locomotor, 51 (17,2% em decorrência de enfermidades na glândula mamária, 7 (2,6% pela ocorrência de problemas digestivos, 3 (2,6% por doenças metabólicas, 2 (0,7% em razão de doenças respiratórias, 1 (0,7% em conseqüência de fotossensibilização e 95 (32% por motivos diversos, como idade avançada e comercialização. Considerou-se indispensável a adoção de medidas efetivas no controle dos distúrbios reprodutivos, locomotores e da glândula mamária para a manutenção dos animais no rebanho e, conseqüentemente, da lucratividade do negócio.
PALAVRAS-CHAVES: Causas de descarte, confinamento, vacas.
Aiming to investigate the main factors of culling in Holstein cows under intensive management, it was obtained datas from 2.083 Holstein breed of five properties from the Goias State and one propriety from Sao Paulo State, in the period between January of 2000 and January of 2003. The obtained information were ranked in categories, after calculating the respective frequency in percentage. It was culled 296 animals (14.2% during the studied period. Eighty two (27.7% of them occurred for alterations on the reproductive system, 55 (18.5% for diseases in the locomotor system, 51 (17.2% due to the alterations of the mammary gland, seven (2.6% for the occurrence of digestive problems, three (2.6% for metabolic diseases, two (0.7% due to respiratory infirmities, one (0.7% for photossensibility and 95 (32% for several reasons. It was considered indispensable the adoption of effective actions for the control of the reproductive, locomotor and of the mammary gland disorders for the maintenance of the animals in the flock and, consecutively, for the profitability of this business.
KEY WORDS: Confinement, cows, culling causes.
Markle, Susan M.; Tiemann, Philip W
The authors examine two prominent learning theories, Bruner's cognitive approach and Skinner's operant conditioning approach, hoping to "construct a 'mix' of the two traditions that really has something to say to educational practitioners. (Authors/LS)
Hart, Maxine Barton
Reviews major learning theories that can be followed by business communication instructors, including those by David Ausubel, Albert Bandura, Kurt Lewin, Edward Thorndike, B.F. Skinner, and Robert Gagne. (LRA)
Full Text Available Centennial Chair in Engineering, University of Texas, Austin Executive Director: Robert E. Skinner, Jr., Transportation Research Board TRANSPORTATION RESEARCH BOARD 2009–2010 TECHNICAL ACTIVITIES COUNCIL Chair: Robert C. Johns, Director, Center...
HIV/AIDS misconceptions may be associated with condom use among black South Africans: an exploratory analysis. Laura M Bogart, Donald Skinner, Lance S Weinhardt, Laura Glasman, Cheryl Sitzler, Yoesrie Toefy, Seth C Kalichman ...
'oral-auditory' habits making up language have both an indi- vidual and a social side. Thus ..... before an opponent, and a mechanic repairing an automobile. Recall that Skinner ...... rience', to use a behaviourist catch phrase.^^ Yet, behaviour-.
powder for use as thickening agent or flour (Skinner,. 2006). ... was then stored into labeled plastic containers prior to use. Proximate Composition Analysis. Proximate analysis ... reduction of ferric ions to ferrous ions that gives red colour with ...
Domermuth, Dave; And Others
Includes "Quick Start CNC (computer numerical control) with a Vacuum Filter and Laminated Plastic" (Domermuth); "School and Industry Cooperate for Mutual Benefit" (Buckler); and "CAD (computer-assisted drafting) Careers--What Professionals Have to Say" (Skinner). (JOW)
Dopson, Lorraine; Gade, Eldon
Discusses how the philosophy of Soren Kierkegaard can provide useful guidelines for the study of the counseling process. Compares Kierkegaard's philosophy with selected contributions of Freud, Skinner, Rogers, and May and with four common themes of counseling and psychotherapy. (Author)
Taylor, J. Rodney
The author reviews theories of human motivation: Lewin's force field analysis, Skinner's operant reinforcement theory, and Maslow's hierarchy of needs. He then extracts the implications of these theories for adult learning. SK)
Full Text Available priority assessments of South African terrestrial mammals 99 Estimates of conservation value a) Relative Endemism (RE) – (modified from Freitag & van Jaarsveld (1997)). The extent of occurrence, obtained from various sources (Halte- north & Diller 1980... of threat a) Relative Body Mass (RBM) – Based on average body weights (in grams) for each taxon obtained from Dorst & Dandelot (1972), Haltenorth & Diller (1980), Skinner & Smithers (1990), and Skinner & Chimimba (2005) and was computed as: RBM = log...
Lattal, Kennon A
From its inception in the 1930s until very recent times, the cumulative recorder was the most widely used measurement instrument in the experimental analysis of behavior. It was an essential instrument in the discovery and analysis of schedules of reinforcement, providing the first real-time analysis of operant response rates and patterns. This review traces the evolution of the cumulative recorder from Skinner's early modified kymographs through various models developed by Skinner and his co...
Gupta, Saurabh; Tracey, Terence J. G.; Gore, Paul A., Jr.
The structural validity of Holland's model of vocational interests across racial/ethnic groups was examined in the population of high school juniors in two states. The fit of the circumplex model to Holland's RIASEC types as assessed by the UNIACT-R was evaluated for the general sample and five subgroups: Caucasian/Euro-Americans, African…
diary bullets. Losses, heavy at first, were somewhat offsf’t through accelerating the descent of the balloon by powerful motor winches. The use of...have Australia, Singa- pore, Java, Manila, Holland, England, Bankok, San Francisco, and the J aya -Holland tel-ephone circuit. Australia-England
Blijswijk, M. van; Pennekamp, E.
In dit artikel wordt het VGW-beleid bij Texas Instruments beschreven. Hiertoe zijn interviews gehouden met B. Veekamp, hoofd opleidingen bij Texas Instruments Holland BV (TIH) en de J. Stapel, voorzitter van de VGW-commissie. Occupational health and safety policy of Texas Instruments Holland B.V.
Celmer, Virginia; Winer, Jane L.
Investigated Holland vocational-personality types, job satisfaction, and psychological dysfunction among 85 parish priests, 55 nonparish priests, and 235 women who aspire to, but are barred from, ordination in the Roman Catholic Church. Found women's Holland-type code was most similar to code of clergy member as assigned by Dictionary of Holland…
society of merchants and regents. This thesis is largely based on studies that follow solely on the province of Holland. In contrast to Holland however, the landward provinces in the eastern half of the country (Guelders, Overijssel and Drenthe) were still feudal in character. As members of regional
Holland's theory of six work personalities has become a staple of vocational psychology, providing a robust and simple model for understanding the structure of vocational interests. Though Holland's types provide a common vocabulary for vocational psychologists working with a variety of populations, until this point there has not been a measure of…
Armstrong, Patrick Ian; Rounds, James
The present study presents an interpretive framework for linking leisure interests, measured by the Leisure Interest Questionnaire (LIQ), to J. L. Holland's (1997) circumplex model of the world of work. Published data representing correlations between the LIQ and Holland's RIASEC interest types were obtained from Hansen and Scullard (2002).…
Just, Sine Nørholm
Francois Hollandes første officielle handling som Frankrigs præsident var at tage på besøg hos den tyske kansler Angela Merkel. Dermed signalerede Hollande klart, at selvom han i den franske valgkamp slog til lyd for en genforhandling af EU’s finanspagt, så ved han godt, at vejen til EU...
Donselaar, van J.; Jonker, F.P.
Up till now the lower deposits of peat (in Dutch: veen-op-groterediepte = peat at greater depth) have been investigated in the Netherlands mainly in the Western part of the country, viz. in the provinces of Noord-Holland, Zuid-Holland and Zeeland. The analyses have shown that the development of
The spatial structure of the Randstad Holland is strongly related to the policy concerning hydraulic engineering in the Netherlands. Both, Randstad Holland and the large hydraulic works, can be considered as part of the ‘modern project’ of the Netherlands, undertaken in the nineteenth and twentieth
Harry A. Poeze
Full Text Available - Leonard Y. Andaya, J. Noorduyn, Bima en Sumbawa; Bijdragen tot de geschiedenis van de Sultanaten Bima en Sumbawa door A. Ligtvoet en G.P. Rouffaer, Dordrecht-Holland/Providence-U.S.A.: Foris publications, ix, 187 pp, maps, indexes. - Ben Arps, Philip Yampolsky, Lokananta; A discography of the national recording company of Indonesia 1957-1985, Madison, Wisconsin: Center for Southeast Asian studies, University of Wisconsin, Bibliographical series No. 10, 1987. XIII + 433 pp. - Victoria M. Clara van Groenendael, Ward Keeler, Javanese shadow plays, Javanese selves, New Jersey: Princeton University Press, 1987. xvii + 282 pages. Illustrations, photographs, bibliography, glossary, index. - Jean Gelman Taylor, Leonard Blussé, Strange company. Chinese settlers. Mestizo women and the Dutch in VOC Batavia. Verhandelingen van het Koninklijk Instituut voor Taal-, Land- en Volkenkunde, Dordrecht: Foris publications, 1986. - V.J.H. Houben, R.B. van de Weijer, Tussen traditie en wetenschap; Geschiedbeoefening in niet-westerse culturen, Nijmegen 1987., P.G.B. Thissen, R. Schönberger (eds. - V.J.H. Houben, J. van Goor, Indië/Indonesië; Van kolonie tot natie, HES, Utrecht 1987. - F.G.P. Jaquet, Th. van den End, Gereformeerde zending op Sumba (1859-1972, een bronenpublicatie, bewerkt door Th. van den End. Alphen aan den Rijn: Aska, 1987. XIV, 743 pp. Uitgave van de Raad voor de Zending der Nederlands Hervormde Kerk, de Zending der Gereformeerde Kerken in Nederland en de Gereformeerde Zendingsbond in de Nederlandse Hervormde Kerk. - R.E. Jordaan, Roland Werner, Bomoh/Dukun; The practices and philosophies of the traditional Malay healer, Berne; Institute of Ethnology (Studia ethnologica Bernensia 3, 1986. 106 pp., illustrations and photographs. - P.E. de Josselin de Jong, Werner Kraus, Zwischen reform und rebellion: Über die Entwicklung des Islams in Minangkabau (Westsumatra zwischen den beiden Reformsbewegungen der Padri (1837 und der Modernisten (1908
Beauchamp, Marla K; Brooks, Dina; Ellerton, Cindy; Lee, Annemarie; Alison, Jennifer; Camp, Pat G; Dechman, Gail; Haines, Kimberley; Harrison, Samantha L; Holland, Anne E; Marques, Alda; Moineddin, Rahim; Skinner, Elizabeth H; Spencer, Lissa; Stickland, Michael K; Xie, Feng; Goldstein, Roger S
be returned to the research centers in prepaid envelopes each month. Secondary measures collected by a blinded assessor at baseline (pre-PR), post-PR, and 12-month follow-up will include clinical measures of balance, balance confidence, functional lower body strength, and health status. The cost-effectiveness of the intervention group compared with the control group will be evaluated using the incremental cost per number of falls averted and the incremental cost per quality-adjusted life years gained. Recruitment for the study began in January 2017 and is anticipated to be complete by December 2019. Results are expected to be available in 2020. Findings from this study will improve our understanding of the effectiveness and resource uses of tailored balance training for reducing falls in individuals with COPD. If effective, the intervention represents an opportunity to inform international guidelines and health policy for PR in individuals with COPD who are at risk of falling. ClinicalTrials.gov NCT02995681; https://clinicaltrials.gov/ct2/show/NCT02995681 (Archived by WebCite at http://www.webcitation.org/6ukhxgAsg). ©Marla K Beauchamp, Dina Brooks, Cindy Ellerton, Annemarie Lee, Jennifer Alison, Pat G Camp, Gail Dechman, Kimberley Haines, Samantha L Harrison, Anne E Holland, Alda Marques, Rahim Moineddin, Elizabeth H Skinner, Lissa Spencer, Michael K Stickland, Feng Xie, Roger S Goldstein. Originally published in JMIR Research Protocols (http://www.researchprotocols.org), 20.11.2017.
Emmanuel Zagury Tourinho
Full Text Available O artigo discute a proposta de Skinner para a ciência do comportamento, caracterizando-a como "externalista" (voltada para as relações do organismo com eventos que lhe são externos. Examina-se o discurso de Skinner sobre diferentes explicações para o comportamento, em obras de 1938, 1953 e 1990, a fim de indicar sua preocupação permanente com a definição das fronteiras entre análise do comportamento e (neurofisiologia. Apontam-se aspectos da elaboração skinneriana que a tornam insuficiente para sustentar uma declaração coerente sobre a autonomia de uma ciência do comportamento e procura-se ilustrar como essa dificuldade se reflete na literatura contemporânea da área.Skinner's approach to a science of behavior is discussed with reference to the concept of "externalism" (the search for relations between the organism and external events. Skinner's works, respectively, from 1938, 1953 and 1990, whose discourses deal with different explanations of behavior, are examined in order to emphasize his persistent concern with drawing a clear distinction between behavior analysis and (neurophysiology. Certain aspects of Skinner's writings, that seem to provide insufficient support for any definitive statement regarding the autonomy of a science of behavior, are highlighted along with resultant difficulties that have arisen in the literature of the field.
Korff, Valeska P.; Balbo, Nicoletta; Mills, Melinda; Heyse, Liesbet; Wittek, Rafael
High employee turnover rates constitute a major challenge to effective aid provision. This study examines how features of humanitarian work and aid workers' individual characteristics affect retention within one humanitarian organisation, Medecins Sans Frontieres (MSF) Holland. The study extends
... Blanco JC, Salkowski C, Zhang S, Arditi M, Gallin JI, Vogel SN. Distinct mutations in IRAK-4 confer ... Ghonaium A, Day-Good NK, Holland SM, Gallin JI, Chapel H, Speert DP, Rodriguez-Gallego C, Colino ...
Meer flora en fauna in de stedelijke omgeving begint met de aanplant van gevarieerd groen. Plant Publicity Holland geeft in een overzicht aan welke bomen, heesters en vaste planten daarvoor geschikt zijn.
Mäe, Aarne, 1967-
Rahvusvaheline teatrifestival Baltoscandal teeb ühe etendusega kingituse linnarahvale : 14. juunil näidatakse Rakvere Teatris Battery Dance Company programmi "Used Car Salesman", "Mother Goose", "Layapriya", "The anyones ballet", lavastaja ja koreograaf Jonathan Hollander
... SA, Fain PR, Ferrara TM, Ben S, Riccardi SL, Cole JB, Gowan K, Holland PJ, Bennett DC, Luiten ... medicine? What is newborn screening? New Pages Lyme disease Fibromyalgia White-Sutton syndrome All New & Updated Pages ...
Sobolev, Mari, 1968-
Seoses Eesti Kunstimuuseumis toimunud näitusega "Medialization" 22.-23. nov. Eesti Kunstiakadeemias korraldatud meediakonverentsist 'Action ئ Reflection'. Korraldaja Ando Keskküla. Eric Kluitenbergi (Holland), Tapio Mäkela (Soome) ja Hanno Soansi ettekannetest. Avatud kanalist.
Saksamaa ja Holland testivad oktoobris Patriot-tüüpi rakette. Saksa brigaadikindral Michael Gschossmanni sõnul võidakse testimisele tulevaid õhutõrjesüsteeme paigutada tulevikus Balti riikidesse või Poola
National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, Department of Commerce — Temperature profile, meteorological, and nutrients data were collected using CTD and bottle casts from the HOLLAND and other platforms in a world wide distribution....
A country by country study of nuclear energy in the various European countries: Austria, Belgium, Bulgaria, Czechoslovakia, Denmark, Federal German Republic, Finland, German Democratic Republic, Great Britain, Holland, Hungary, Italy, Poland, Rumania, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland, USSR and Yugoslavia [fr
National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, Department of Commerce — The originator's tape contains Naval Oceanographic Office (NAVOCEANO) surface current basic file data collected by France, Japan, United States, Britain, and Holland...
Guatemala, Haiti, Holland, Honduras, Iraq, Italy, Japan, Korea, Kuwait, Malaysia , Mexico, Nassau, Nicaragua, Pakistan, Panama, Peru, Philippines... Leisure Orientation toward U.S. Military/Civilian Religion Technology Time Work Taboos Social structure Similarities and differences Key
Laasik, Andres, 1960-2016
IX PÖFFi filme - "Kohe paradiisi" ("Paradise Now") : režissöör Hany Abu-Assad : Holland - Saksamaa - Prantsusmaa - Palestiina 2005, "Kilpkonnad suudavad lennata" : režissöör Bahman Ghobadi : Iraan - Iraak 2004
Tim Shafer earned his bachelor’s degree in biology and chemistry from Hope College in Holland, MI, in 1986 and his Ph.D. in pharmacology and environmental toxicology from Michigan State University in 1991.
Niels Bohr. His life and work as seen by his friends and colleagues, edited by S. Rozentai. Translated from the Danish edition published in 1964. (Amsterdam, North- Holland Publishing Company, 1967, 58 s.)
... more"> 3 million Americans are diagnosed with skin cancer every year Any suspicious new growths or changes ... CANADA CHILE CHINA COLOMBIA COSTA RICA CYPRUS EGYPT EL SALVADOR FRANCE GEORGIA GERMANY GREECE HOLLAND HONG KONG ...
2008. a. igakuiste ilukirjanduse müügiedetabelite analüüsist 9 riigis - USA, Hiina, Hispaania, Holland, Itaalia, Prantsusmaa, Rootsi, Saksamaaa ja Inglismaa (koost. The Bookseller,Publishers Weekly, Livres Hebdo)
Sierdsema, H.; Cuppen, J.G.M.
Een voorspellend verspreidingsmodel voor de gestreepte waterroofkever Graphoderus bilineatus in Nederland (Coleoptera: Dytiscidae) Op verzoek van de Provincie Zuid-Holland en het Ministerie van lnv is het huidige voorkomen en de biotoopvoorkeur van de gestreepte waterroofkever Graphoderus bilineatus
Broekman, Harrie G. B.; Weterings, Johan M. J.
Suggestions are provided for teacher educators to improve the initial stages of education for people preparing to be teachers of mathematics. The examples relate specifically to preparing mathematics teachers in Holland. (RH)
Туумалу, Тийт, 1971-
14. Pimedate Ööde Filmifestivali rahvusvahelise võitlusprogrammi EurAsia võiduteoseks valiti Sergei Loznitsa mängufilm „Minu õnn” ("My Joy", Ukraina- Holland- Saksamaa). Loetletud filmifestivali auhinnasaajad
Perspective of coaches on LTAD of elite judo athletes: A comparative analysis · EMAIL FULL TEXT EMAIL FULL TEXT DOWNLOAD FULL TEXT DOWNLOAD FULL TEXT. Petrus L. Nolte, Cora Burnett, Wim Hollander, 219-228 ...
Davies, Paul L
Äriühingu valitsemisest, juhtkonna ülesannetest ja vastavast seadusandlusest üheksa Euroopa riigi võrdluses (Belgia, Prantsusmaa, Saksamaa, Itaalia, Holland, Poola, Rootsi, šveits ja Suurbritannia)
Development and content of an international Master in Urban Quality development and management. The work has been done in a cooperation between Berlage institut, Holland; Chulalongkorn University, Thailand; Mahidol University, Thailand; University Kebangsaan Malaysia, Malaysia; og Aalborg...
Ermel, Aare, 1957-2013
PÖFFi filmidest: Neil Jordani "Undiin" (Iirimaa - USA, 2009), Debra Graniku "Luupaljas" (USA, 2010), Urszula Antoniaki "Ei midagi isiklikku" (Iirimaa - Holland, 2009) ja Juan Jose Campanella "Saladus nende silmades" (Hispaania - Argentiina, 2009)
Sc. (Holland), FNASc. Date of birth: 1 July 1936. Specialization: Virology, Microbiology, Environmental Sciences and Biotechnology Address: Sri Laxman Bhavan, 20/2, Indira Nagar, Lucknow 226 016, U.P.. Contact: Residence: (0522) 234 1586
1951. a. allkirjastati Pariisis Euroopa Söe- ja Teraseühenduse asutamisleping, mille kuus osapoolt - Prantsusmaa, Saksamaa Liitvabariik, Belgia, Holland, Luksemburg ja Itaalia asusid koos turge ühendama ning tootmist laiendama
Pedersen, Bibi Bording; Sørensen, John Houman
"Alder og kvalifikationer" - et Leonardo da Vinci EU finansieret projekt, der sammenligner ældres stilling på arbejdsmarkedet i Belgien, Holland, Tyskland og Danmark. Projektet blev koordineret af Erfurt universitet....
transcend cultural, political, or religious divides. ... space, stage of development, cultural and religious belief) as Holland, Israel, Turkey, India, South Korea, ..... The phrase “in ways understood by the bulk of the people” is significant. In North.
João Claudio Todorov
Full Text Available This work presents the evolution of concepts in behavior analysis, especially in the writings of Skinner, from the definition of operant behavior and reinforcement contingency to processes of selection by consequences, following the development of a conceptual language that covers both the behavior of molluscs and the metacontingencies included in the constitution of a country. Skinner's first papers used the terminology developed by Pavlov in his studies of conditioned reflexes to deal with behavior in general. From Skinner's doctoral dissertation to the papers published in the 80's there was an evolution, followed by the field of behavior analysis, which today uses the same, sophisticated language to deal with complex issues like cultural practices and the survival of cultures.
41Coincidently, September 17, 1944 also was the first day of Operation Market Garden. 42Copp and Vogel, Maple Leaf Route: Antwerp,142. 43Historical...Holland: 21 Army Group, 1944); Bernard Montgomery. The Armoured Division in Battle (Holland: 21 Army Group, December, 1944); Bernard Montgomery, Some...Canadian Armoured Personnel Carrier Squadron was formed. This squadron was further augmented and became First Canadian Armoured Regiment on October 23
The purpose of this study was to evaluate the features of adolescent's vocational choice. Holland (1987) states that people tend to choose professions that fit their features. He classifies people and professions to six types. The more individual has features of the one vocational type, the greater possibility he has to choose the proper profession (Holland, 1987). It is useful as early as possible to find the predictions of some vocational type and help the child to form it. Birth order, lif...
of California, Santa Cruz , April 3, 2009), http://history.ucsc.edu/undergraduate/undergraduate-research/electronic- journal/journal-pdfs/Edwards2009...44 José Manuel Durão Barroso, François Hollande, and Dioncounda Traoré, “International Donors...media/Brief_28.pdf. Barroso, José Manuel Durão, François Hollande, and Dioncounda Traoré. “International Donors Conference Joint Chairs’ Conclusions
Jänes, Helmut, 1972-
13. Pimedate Ööde Filmifestival Tallinnas. Võistlusfilmid: "Minu aasta ilma seksita" (Austraalia; režissöör Sarah Watt), "Laila sünnipäev" (Palestiina-Tuneesia-Holland; režissöör Rashid Masharawi), "Emma Blanki viimased päevad" (Holland; režissöör Alex van Warmerdam), "Sinihabe" (Prantsusmaa; režissöör Catherine Breillat)
Signal Detection Theory (SDT) (Macmillan & Creelman , 1991; Wickens & Hollands, 2000). In SDT, the participants’ performance is characterized by two...probability, whereas their sensitivity will stay constant (Macmillan & Creelman , 1991; Wickens & Hollands, 2000). If this hypothesis holds, it will...Macmillan & Creelman , 1991, p273), and it was also the measure used in Dzindolet et al.’s study (2001a). Thus, C was used in the analysis HMIs for Trust and
With R207 the CERN-Holland-Manchester Collaboration studied proton-proton diffraction dissociation at small momentum transfer. This followed, at Intersection 2, the study of correlations associated with high transverse momentum particles by Daresbury-Liverpool-RHEL Collaboration (R205) and of multiplicity and rapidity distributions in diffractive collisions by CERN-Holland-Lancaster-Manchester (R206), and used part of the previous set-up.
Joanna Cewińska; Lena Grzesiak; Przemysław Kabalski; Ewa Kusidel
Holland’s personality types versus preferences in accounting The article presents the results of research on the relationship between personality according to the typol-ogy of Holland with preferences in accounting. In his theory, Holland distinguished six personality types: Realistic, Investigative, Artistic, Social, Enterprising, and Conventional. The authors formulated a general hypothesis that these different personality types have different preferences and views on certain issues in ...
João Claudio Todorov
Full Text Available Objetivou-se apresentar a evolução de conceitos na análise do comportamento, especialmente nos trabalhos de Skinner, desde a definição do conceito de operante, de contingência de reforço, até os processos de seleção por conseqüências, seguindo o desenvolvimento de uma linguagem teórica que abarca desde o comportamento de moluscos até o texto da Constituição, enquanto metacontingência. Os trabalhos iniciais de Skinner usavam a linguagem desenvolvida por Pavlov no estudo de reflexos condicionados para abranger todo o comportamento. De sua dissertação de doutorado até os trabalhos publicados nos anos 1980, Skinner evoluiu e com ele toda a análise do comportamento, que hoje usa a mesma linguagem mais sofisticada para abordar temas complexos como práticas culturais e a sobrevivência de culturas.This work presents the evolution of concepts in behavior analysis, especially in the writings of Skinner, from the definition of operant behavior and reinforcement contingency to processes of selection by consequences, following the development of a conceptual language that covers both the behavior of molluscs and the metacontingencies included in the constitution of a country. Skinner's first papers used the terminology developed by Pavlov in his studies of conditioned reflexes to deal with behavior in general. From Skinner's doctoral dissertation to the papers published in the 80's there was an evolution, followed by the field of behavior analysis, which today uses the same, sophisticated language to deal with complex issues like cultural practices and the survival of cultures.
L’objectiu d’aquest article és analitzar el liberalisme polític de John Rawls a la llum de la crítica republicana que Quentin Skinner fa, a partir de l’anàlisi dels Discursos de Maquiavel, sobre el concepte de llibertat. La idea sostinguda per Skinner, que el concepte de llibertat emprat pel liberalisme no és prou robust i que no inclou les obligacions i responsabilitats necessàries per al seu propi manteniment, resulta inapropiada, si més no quant a la teoria de Rawls. En efecte, l’arquitect...
.... ������������������������������������������������������������������������ Lake Mathews/Estelle Mtn........ known extant. Lake Skinner/Domenigoni Valley.. known extant. Motte... of four of the core reserves (Lake Mathews/Estelle Mountain, Lake Skinner/Domenigoni Valley, Motte...
João Cláudio Todorov
Full Text Available In 2008 we celebrated the 70th anniversary of Skinner's publication - The Behavior of Organisms. The present work is inspired by a review of the book published by Philip N. Hineline in the Journal of the Experimental Analysis of Behavior. Some characteristics of the book and of behavior analysis that make behaviorism incomprehensible for some and menacing for others are discussed. The issue discussed is complex and has many derivations. The features of Skinner's work, and possible reasons for its misunderstanding, will be only briefly presented. A more complete account of the theme may be found in the literature cited in this work.
Presti, Giovambattista; Premarini, Claudio; Leuzzi, Martina; Di Blasi, Melina; Squatrito, Valeria
The operant was conceptualized by Skinner as a class of behaviors which have common effect on the environment and that, as a class can be shown to vary lawfully in their relations to the other environmental variables, namely antecedents and consequences. And Skinner himself underlined the fact that "operant field is the very field purpose of behavior". The operant offers interesting basic and applied characteristic to conceptualize complex behavior as a recursive process of learning. In this paper we will discuss how the operant concept can be applied in the implementation of software oriented to increase cognitive skills in autistic children and provide an example.
Hollingshead, Aleksandra K.
While a great deal has been written about the complexities of engagement for learners without severe disabilities, there is less for students with severe disabilities. Engagement as a complex construct, consisting of behavioral, cognitive, and emotional components (Finn & Zimmer, 2012; Fredricks, Blumenfeld, & Paris, 2004; Skinner &…
McCowan, Richard J.
This paper describes the theories and social factors that contributed to the development of competency-based training (CBT). These include behaviorism (Edward L. Thorndike), scientific management (Frederick Taylor), progressive education (John Dewey), and derivative theories including operant conditioning (B.F. Skinner), objectives-based…
Perkinson, Henry J.
Discusses the theories of leading educational theorists of the twentieth century, including John Dewey, Jean Piaget, B. F. Skinner, Maria Montessori, Carl Rogers, and A. S. Neill, to show that they have shared a common theory--that of "learning from our mistakes." (GT)
Robert Wise, Kim de Vasconcellos, David Skinner, Reitze Rodseth, Dean Gopalan, David Muckart, Zohra Banoo, Tashmin Bisseru, Steve Blakemore, Jenine de Meyer, Michael Faurie, Kom Govender, Timothy Hardcastle, Prakash Jeena, Nicky Kalafatis, Kroshlan Kistan, Theroshnie Kisten, Carolyn Lee, Colin Mitchell, ...
Adelman, Barry Eshkol
Chomsky's (1959) review of Skinner's (1957) "Verbal Behavior" has been influential and attributed with a role in the cognitive revolution. However, while counter reviews from within behavior analysis have noted that Chomsky misunderstood the subject matter, certain aspects of his scholarship have been underdiscussed. This includes several…
Conservation Education Timber Management Wildland Fire & Aviation Burn Permits Firewise Alaska Brochure -8441 Safety Officer Tom Greiling firstname.lastname@example.org (907) 761-6247 Fire Prevention Officer /SATS Radio Shop 5900 East Tudor Road Anchorage, AK 99507 email@example.com (907) 451-2810 State
1. Introduction. Layered perovskite oxides are a promising group of mixed- conducting materials with potential applications for oxygen- separation membranes, gas sensor devices and electrodes of intermediate-temperature solid oxide fuel cells (Moseley and. Williams 1989; Meixner and Lampe 1996; Skinner and Kil-.
Article Bone-collecting habits of spotted hyaenas Crocuta crocuta in the Kruger National Park · EMAIL FREE FULL TEXT EMAIL FREE FULL TEXT DOWNLOAD FULL TEXT DOWNLOAD FULL TEXT. J.D. Skinner, J.R. Henschel, A.S. van Jaarsveld, 303-308 ...
(Devey, Skinner & Valodia, 2003: 12;. Dewar, 2005: 5; Ligthelm, 2008: 370;. Tissington, 2009: 27). According to Lighthelm & Masuku. (2003: 3), the use of the term 'informal sector' in economic literature was never meant to refer to a homogeneous group. In order to draw meaningful conclusions about its composition the.
Matson, Johnny L.; Coe, David A.
This article reviews applications of the applied behavior analysis ideas of B. F. Skinner and others to persons with both mental retardation and emotional disturbance. The review examines implications of behavior analysis for operant conditioning and radical behaviorism, schedules of reinforcement, and emotion and mental illness. (DB)
Petursdottir, Anna Ingeborg; Devine, Bailey
B. F. Skinner's (1957) "Verbal Behavior" had a limited influence on empirical research in the first few decades following its publication, but an increase in empirical activity has been evident in recent years. The purpose of this article is to update previous analyses that have quantified the influence of "Verbal Behavior" on…
Goldsmith, Tina R.; LeBlanc, Linda A.; Sautter, Rachael A.
Skinner's conceptual analysis of language has influenced one model of early and intensive behavioral intervention with children, which incorporates verbal operants including mands, tacts, intraverbals, etc. Many studies have examined the mand and tact relations, with little focus on teaching intraverbal behavior. In the present experiment,…
Gamba, Jonas; Goyos, Celso; Petursdottir, Anna Ingeborg
Recently, there has been a proliferation of research on the functional independence of two of Skinner's (1957) verbal operants, the mand, and the tact. This research has produced highly variable results. In this article, we provide a critical review of the literature on mand-tact independence, a literature that has implications for both theory and…
Székely, J I; Dunai-Kovács, Z; Borsy, J
Rats were conditioned in automatic Skinner boxes on a discrete trial avoidance-escape schedule. The chlorpromazine-induced conditioned reflex inhibition could be reversed by apomorphine and amantadine, but not by atropine, trihexyphenidyl and diethazine. These findings seem to provide an additional tool for differentiating the atropine-like and dopaminergic anti-parkinsonian drugs.
SLACK, CHARLES W.
REINFORCEMENT AND ROLE-REVERSAL TECHNIQUES ARE USED IN THE SCORE PROJECT, A LOW-COST PROGRAM OF DELINQUENCY PREVENTION FOR HARD-CORE TEENAGE STREET CORNER BOYS. COMMITTED TO THE BELIEF THAT THE BOYS HAVE THE POTENTIAL FOR ETHICAL BEHAVIOR, THE SCORE WORKER FOLLOWS B.F. SKINNER'S THEORY OF OPERANT CONDITIONING AND REINFORCES THE DELINQUENT'S GOOD…
Rawers, Lois J.
After reviewing the conceptual bases and practical application of precision teaching, this analysis traces its evolution as the Sacajawea Plan, reports on its implementation in central Oregon school districts, and details the costs and procedures of adoption. Developed by Ogden Lindsley from B. F. Skinner's work in operant conditioning and…
Stanford Univ., CA. Dept. of Communication.
A 21 minute sound color film was produced in an attempt to help teachers and educational specialists see people like themselves helping youngsters become more task oriented by the use of operant conditioning and modeling procedures formulated by Skinner (1953) and Bandura (1964). The unstructured and unrehearsed film consists of edited film…
Yeshiva Univ., New York, NY. Ferkauf Graduate School of Humanities and Social Sciences.
This conference report consists of two presented papers and a selected bibliography. The paper by Joan Gussow, "Behavioral Management and Educational Goals," is concerned with operant conditioning as a theory of learning and an instructional method. Basing their methods on the work of B.F. Skinner, educators who are proponents of this…
Edwards, Thomas O.
The development of learning theory and its application to computer-assisted instruction (CAI) are described. Among the early theoretical constructs thought to be important are E. L. Thorndike's concept of learning connectisms, Neal Miller's theory of motivation, and B. F. Skinner's theory of operant conditioning. Early devices incorporating those…
Sweeney-Kerwin, Emily J.; Carbone, Vincent J.; O'Brien, Leigh; Zecchin, Gina; Janecky, Marietta N.
Few studies have made use of B. F. Skinner's (1957) behavioral analysis of language and precise taxonomy of verbal behavior when describing the controlling variables for the mand relation. Consequently, the motivating operation (MO) has not typically been identified as an independent variable and the nature of a spontaneous mand has been…
Bass, Ronald E.
Peer and subordinate criticism directed at the beginning industrial arts teacher ultimately leads to teacher failure. Skinner's theory of operant conditioning is used as an analogy to explain how the beginning teacher is conditioned to the norms of teaching, resulting in the loss of his enthusiam and idealism. (DS)
Palmer, David C.
The task of extending Skinner's (1957) interpretation of verbal behavior includes accounting for the moment-to-moment changes in stimulus control as one speaks. A consideration of the behavior of the reader reminds us of the continuous evocative effect of verbal stimuli on readers, listeners, and speakers. Collateral discriminative responses to…
Plavnick, Joshua B.; Vitale, Frances A.
Based on Skinner's classification of verbal behavior, the mand is the first and most advantageous verbal operant to develop. Deficits in vocal mand repertoires are common in children with autism spectrum disorders (ASD) and can lead to decreased social interaction and increased problem behavior. The present investigation compared the effects of…
Pedrini, D. T.; Pedrini, B. C.
William James, the turn of the century psychologist, philospher, and educator, was avidly interested in the relationship between psychology and teaching. This paper considers operant conditioning, timing of reinforcers, and programmed instruction--touchstones of B.F. Skinner in the teaching/learning milieu. Of course, materials not just methods…
Dinsmoor, James A.
The origins of many of the basic concepts used in the experimental analysis of behavior can be traced to Pavlov's (1927/1960) discussion of unconditional and conditional reflexes in the dog, but often with substantial changes in meaning (e.g., stimulus, response, and reinforcement). Other terms were added by Skinner (1938/1991) to describe his…
... his Brave New World. In short, I argue, perhaps scandalously, that one of the central conditions for genuine agency is that our lives are and must continue to be, to a large extent, out of our personal control. The promise of too much personal control, not too little (as Kane thinks), is what is wrong with Skinner's social utopia.
Campos, Cedric M; De Leon, Manuel; De Diego, David MartIn, E-mail: firstname.lastname@example.org, E-mail: email@example.com, E-mail: firstname.lastname@example.org [Instituto de Ciencias Matematicas, CSIC-UAM-UC3M-UCM, Serrano 123, 28006 Madrid (Spain)
We develop an intrinsic geometrical setting for higher order constrained field theories. As a main tool we use an appropriate generalization of the classical Skinner-Rusk formalism. Some examples of applications are studied, in particular to the geometrical description of optimal control theory for partial differential equations.
Colombo, L.; Martin de Diego, D.
This paper is concerned with the application of the theory of quasivelocities for optimal control for underactuated mechanical systems. Using this theory, we convert the original problem in a variational second-order lagrangian system subjected to constraints. The equations of motion are geometrically derived using an adaptation of the classical Skinner and Rusk formalism.
Kiirtoiduketi tegevjuht Jim Skinner räägib iseendast, karjäärist McDonaldþsis, firma tegevusest ja edust, personalipoliitikast, juhiomadustest. Lisad: Distsipliin hakkas külge mereväes ; Arvud (McDonalds käive ja kasum 2004-2006)
Campos, Cedric M; De Leon, Manuel; De Diego, David MartIn
We develop an intrinsic geometrical setting for higher order constrained field theories. As a main tool we use an appropriate generalization of the classical Skinner-Rusk formalism. Some examples of applications are studied, in particular to the geometrical description of optimal control theory for partial differential equations.
LUMSDAINE, A.A., ED.; GLASER, ROBERT, ED.
BROUGHT TOGETHER HERE IS THE WIDELY-SCATTERED LITERATURE ON SELF-INSTRUCTIONAL PROGRAMS AND DEVICES BY LEADERS, PAST AND PRESENT, IN THEIR DEVELOPMENT. S.L. PRESSEY IN HIS ARTICLES DESCRIBES THE APPARATUS, METHODS, THEORY, AND RESULTS ATTENDANT UPON USE OF HIS TEST-SCORING DEVICES. B.F. SKINNER IN HIS ARTICLES DEVELOPS THEORY, DESCRIBES MACHINES,…
FOLTZ, CHARLES I.
TEACHING MACHINES HAVE SEVERAL ADVANTAGES--TIME IS SAVED, CORRECT RESPONSE IS REINFORCED IMMEDIATELY, AND STUDENTS ARE NOT PUBLICLY CONFRONTED WITH FAILURE. THERE ARE TWO APPROACHES TO THE PROGRAMED INSTRUCTION INTRINSIC TO THEIR USE--ONE (THE SKINNER METHOD) IS BASED ON FILLING IN BLANK SPACES, THE OTHER (THE CROWDER METHOD) EMPLOYS…
Collis, Betty; Muir, Walter
The first of four major sections in this report presents an overview of the background and evolution of computer applications to learning and teaching. It begins with the early attempts toward "automated teaching" of the 1920s, and the "teaching machines" of B. F. Skinner of the 1940s through the 1960s. It then traces the…
systems Machine learning Automatic data processing 1 Introduction Heart-rate complexity (HRC) is a method of quantifying the amount of complex...5. Batchinsky AI, Skinner J, Necsoiu C, et al. New measures of heart-rate complexity: effect of chest trauma and hemorrhage. J Trauma. 2010;68:1178–85
The report contains a description and summary of computer augmented learning devices and systems. The devices are of two general types programed instruction systems based on the teaching machines pioneered by Pressey and developed by Skinner, and the so-called "docile" systems that permit greater user-direction with the computer under student…
Aman, J.; Skinner, T. C.; de Beaufort, C. E.; Swift, P. G. F.; Aanstoot, H-J; Cameron, F.
angstrom man J, Skinner TC, de Beaufort CE, Swift PGF, Aanstoot H-J, Cameron F, for and on behalf of the Hvidoere Study Group on Childhood Diabetes. Associations between physical activity, sedentary behavior, and glycemic control in a large cohort of adolescents with type 1 diabetes: the Hvidoere
G Setswe, K Peltzer, M Banyini, D Skinner, J Seager, S Maile, S Sedumedi, D Gomis,. I van der Linde. ABSTRACT. About 520 delegates from all over Africa and 21 countries attended the conference.This report and policy brief summarises the key findings and suggested policy options that emerged from rapporteur reports ...
A multitude of psychological theories - generally in the field of learning and motivation reserve an important place for the principle of reward. In theories varying from those postulated by Skinner and Banduras modern stimulus response theories to theories with a more cognitive orientation, such as
Self-monitoring of blood glucose improved glycemic control and the 10-year coronary heart disease risk profile of feale type 2 diabetes patients in Trinidad and Tobago · EMAIL FREE FULL TEXT EMAIL FREE FULL TEXT · DOWNLOAD FULL TEXT DOWNLOAD FULL TEXT. CE Ezanwaka, A Dimgba, F Okali, T Skinner, ...
... allegations concerning electricity that the GOV allegedly provided for less than adequate remuneration (LTAR... investigation into petitioners' allegation.\\9\\ \\9\\ See Memorandum to Melissa G. Skinner, Director, Office 3, AD... for determining whether a government good or service is provided for less than adequate remuneration...
... buildings for less than adequate remuneration, grants, preferential lending, reduction in tax rates, and... Memorandum to Melissa G. Skinner, Director, AD/CVD Operations, Office 3, from Robert Copyak, Senior Financial... remuneration (LTAR) within the meaning of section 771(5)(D)(iii) of the Act. We preliminarily determine to rely...
... provided for less than adequate remuneration to the Centurion Companies and Jingu Companies. On September 9... hearing in this investigation. \\11\\ See Memorandum to Melissa G. Skinner, Director, AD/CVD Operations... To Be Used for the Jingu Companies Under the HRS for Less Than Adequate Remuneration (LTAR) Program...
Terrell, Dudley J.; Johnston, J. M.
This paper analyzes the traditional concepts of logic and reasoning from the perspective of radical behaviorism and in the terms of Skinner's treatment of verbal behavior. The topics covered in this analysis include the proposition, premises and conclusions, logicality and rules, and deductive and inductive reasoning.
Hoefer, M Lyn; Warnick, Erin; Knapp, Terry J
The author indexes of 15 introductory psychology textbooks were surveyed to identify the authorities cited most frequently. The five names cited most often in descending order were Freud, Bandura, Skinner, Piaget, and James. Differences from earlier comparable citation studies are discussed.
Feb 27, 1971 ... a dummy wet-nurse,' what corresponds to the counter- feit object stuffed into a baby's .... recently, which condemn dummies out of hand as dirty, a menace to health, a .... vention and Cure of Diseases. London. 5. Skinner, L. J. ...
HIV/AIDS misconceptions may be associated with condom use among black South Africans: an exploratory analysis · EMAIL FULL TEXT EMAIL FULL TEXT · DOWNLOAD FULL TEXT DOWNLOAD FULL TEXT. Laura M Bogart, Donald Skinner, Lance S Weinhardt, Laura Glasman, Cheryl Sitzler, Yoesrie Toefy, Seth C ...
Grab samples comprising approximately 70 per cent by mass of the total rumen contents were collected from 74 mature animals at 10 localities (Robinson & Skinner 1976). Samples were collected in the winter months of two consecutive years. The samples were sun-dried and stored in sealed plastic bags for later analysis.
Guillory, Raphael; Wolverton, Mimi; Appleton, Valerie
Richardson and Skinner (1991) in their Model of Institutional Adaptation to Student Diversity (MIASD) assert that state higher education boards have significant influence on the degree to which institutions respond to student diversity. The purpose of the study (conducted in the 2001-2002 school year) reported in this article was to determine…
De Leonibus, Nancy
Improving student motivation and self-concept is now an important concern of principals. Positive results arise from such diverse theories as Skinner's positive reinforcement techniques or Maslow's self-actualization model. Although evidence on cause and effect of motivation is scarce, it does seem likely that motivation is related to student…
The Post-Natal Development of the Reproductive Tract of the Springbok Ram Lamb Antidorcas Marsupialis Marsupialis Zimmermann. JD Skinner, J. H. M. Van Zyl. Abstract. A search of the literature has not revealed any reference to the development of the reproductive tract of the male springbok or any quantitative studies ...
A preliminary note on the effect of season on the reproductive tract of the eland bull Taurotragus oryx. J.D. Skinner, J.A.H. Heerden, J.H.M. van Zyl. Abstract. No Abstract. Full Text: EMAIL FREE FULL TEXT EMAIL FREE FULL TEXT · DOWNLOAD FULL TEXT DOWNLOAD FULL TEXT · AJOL African Journals Online.
Article Bone-collecting habits of spotted hyaenas Crocuta crocuta in the Kruger National Park. J.D. Skinner, J.R. Henschel, A.S. van Jaarsveld. Abstract. An examination of 18 Crocuta crocuta dens in the Kruger National Park, showed that this species can be responsible for bone assemblages at dens, more so at permanent ...
On the sexual cycle of mature bachelor bontebok rams at the Bontebok National Park, Swellendam. J.D. Skinner, H.M. Dott, V de Vos, R.P. Millar. Abstract. No Abstract. Full Text: EMAIL FREE FULL TEXT EMAIL FREE FULL TEXT · DOWNLOAD FULL TEXT DOWNLOAD FULL TEXT · AJOL African Journals Online. HOW TO ...
Coles and Skinner (1965) proposed frequency time parameters of the term V* t = C, where V is the frequency, t is the total time of failure, K and Ci are constants. More recently Coffin (1969) developed an approach based on the concept of frequency- modified life. The equation for any specific temperature was developed ...
Close chromosomal congruence in two species of ground squirrel: Xerus inauris and X. princeps. (Rodentia: Sciuridae). T.J. Robinson, • .1.0. Skinner and A.S. Haim. Mammal Research Institute, University of Pretoria, Pretoria. Chromosomes from cultured fibroblasts of two southern. African ground squirrel species, Xerus ina ...
Musa, Grace · Sibanda, J · Skinner-Bonat, Swanta Blessing · Sule, MA 1 - 5 of 5 Items. ISSN: 1596-6224. AJOL African Journals Online. HOW TO USE AJOL... for Researchers · for Librarians · for Authors · FAQ's · More about AJOL · AJOL's ...
Effect of African Potato (Hypoxis Hemerocallidea) on the Pharmacokinetics of Efavirenz · EMAIL FREE FULL TEXT EMAIL FREE FULL TEXT DOWNLOAD FULL TEXT DOWNLOAD FULL TEXT. S Mogatle, M Skinner, E Mills, I Kanfer, 945-949. Performance data of screening mammography at a dedicated breast health ...
Using availability-sampling methods, four educators from a local primary school were interviewed and the data systematically analysed in accordance with Morrisette's (1999) seven–step procedural model. The present study confirmed the finding of Skinner (1999) and Mzamo (2003) that managing cases of sexually abused ...
Skinner, DL. Vol 105, No 1 (2015) - Articles Severe blunt thoracic trauma: Differences between adults and children in a level I trauma centre. Abstract PDF · Vol 106, No 5 (2016) - Articles Hypoxaemia on arrival in a multidisciplinary intensive care unit. Abstract PDF. ISSN: 0256-95749. AJOL African Journals Online. HOW TO ...
The Post-Natal Development of the Reproductive Tract of the Springbok Ram Lamb Antidorcas Marsupialis Marsupialis Zimmermann · EMAIL FREE FULL TEXT EMAIL FREE FULL TEXT DOWNLOAD FULL TEXT DOWNLOAD FULL TEXT. JD Skinner, J. H. M. Van Zyl, 301-311 ...
The sexual cycle of the Impala ram Aepyceros melampus Lichtenstein. J.D. Skinner. Abstract. No Abstract. Full Text: EMAIL FREE FULL TEXT EMAIL FREE FULL TEXT · DOWNLOAD FULL TEXT DOWNLOAD FULL TEXT · AJOL African Journals Online. HOW TO USE AJOL... for Researchers · for Librarians · for Authors ...
2009; Skinner et al. 2011). These studies suggest that the genus Lygosoma may not be monophyletic, and related genera such as Mochlus and Lepidothyris appear to be nested within a larger Lygosoma clade (Wagner et al. 2009). However these studies were based on limited sampling of Lygosoma spp. from Asia.
Population biology of house mice (Mus musculus L.) on sub-Antarctic Marion Island · EMAIL FREE FULL TEXT EMAIL FREE FULL TEXT · DOWNLOAD FULL TEXT DOWNLOAD FULL TEXT. D.C. Matthewson, R.J. van Aarde, J.D. Skinner, 99-106 ...
goups the majority was also late calving. Recalving rate was high in all other breeding groups and was not influenced by date of calving. In general, Bos taurus type cows calve significantly earlier in the calving season than Bos indicus types (Bonsma &. Skinner, 1969; Holroyd et al., 1979; Gotti el a/., 1985). This is to some ...
A Report on the Sexual Cycle in the Kudu Bull Tragelaphus Strepsiceros Pallas and a Description of an Inter-Sex. JD Skinner, BJ Huntley. Abstract. Although Ansell (1960) reported that there was no seasonal calving pattern in kudu in Zambia, many workers in southern. Africa have since reported that there is a definite ...
Skinner, Donald. Vol 27, No 3 (2015) - Articles “Wine you get every day, but a child you can't replace”: The perceived impact of parental drinking on child outcomes in a South African township. Abstract. ISSN: 1728-0583. AJOL African Journals Online. HOW TO USE AJOL... for Researchers · for Librarians · for Authors ...
Pregnancy has been successfully terminated in sheep using potent corticosteroids (Skinner,.Jochl6 & Nel, 1970). Furthermore, van Rensburg (1970) reported on the role of adrenal corticosteroids during pregnancy on the incidence of abortion in Angora goat does. Since an antagonism exists between adrenocortical and ...
Fox, Jill Englebright
A child's need for formal communication may be as much an emotional need as a cognitive need. Several theories attempt to explain children's language development, including the theories developed by B. F. Skinner, Noam Chomsky, and J. Bruner. Most children typically follow a standard sequence of language development: crying and cooing, babbling,…
Scott, Charles T.
Noam Chomsky's numerous criticisms of formerly well-accepted beliefs about the nature of language learning (e.g. in his review of Skinner's "Verbal Behavior") have led to a diversity of views regarding the potential application of transformational theory to the teaching of English as a second language/dialect. It seems clear, moreover, that his…
Williamson, Leon E.
Concerned with what can be done to help produce more thoughtful, critical readers, this report first presents an historical overview of theories on the origin of language, referring to B. F. Skinner, Noam Chomsky, and Jean Piaget, among others. It then discusses biological reasons for the evolution of language and the impact of verbal language on…
Rockler, Michael J.
Education in the United States for most of the last 50 years has built its knowledge base on a single dominating foundation--behavioral psychology. This paper analyzes the history of behaviorism. Syntheses are presented of the theories of Ivan P. Pavlov, J. B. Watson, and B. F. Skinner, all of whom contributed to the body of works on behaviorism.…
Roč. 39, č. 1 (2017), s. 7-29 ISSN 1210-0250 Institutional support: RVO:67985955 Keywords : Hobbes * Leviathan * Literary technology * Shapin * Schaffer * Skinner Subject RIV: AA - Philosophy ; Religion OBOR OECD: Philosophy, History and Philosophy of science and technology
Hall, Philip S.
Punishment is a procedure in which responses are followed by either the removal of positive reinforcement or the presentation of an aversive stimulus (Skinner, 1953) that results in a decrease in the frequency and/or intensity of the response (Azrin & Holtz, 1966). By definition, punishment seeks to stop unacceptable, unwanted, and bothersome…
Efficacy of 22Na turnover in ecopbysiological studies of carnivores. loS. Wilkinson and J.D. Skinner*. Mammal Research Institute, University of Pretoria, Pretoria, 0002 Republic of South Africa. Received 8 December 1986; accepted 11 August 1987. 22Na turnover rates gave overestimates of mean 23Na intake in both ...
Castagnaro, Peter J.
This article contends that the modern descendant of B. F. Skinner's experimental analysis of behavior, "behavior analysis," and as well his 1957 masterwork "Verbal Behavior," have rarely if ever been seriously contemplated by applied linguists for possible contributions to the field. Rather, a pat literature of dismissal has developed that…
Baum, William M
B. F. Skinner founded both radical behaviorism and behavior analysis. His founding innovations included: a versatile preparation for studying behavior; explicating the generic nature of stimulus and response; a pragmatic criterion for defining behavioral units; response rate as a datum; the concept of stimulus control; the concept of verbal behavior; and explicating the explanatory power of contingencies. Besides these achievements, however, Skinner also made some mistakes. Subsequent developments in radical behaviorist thought have attempted to remedy these mistakes. Moore's book presents a “party line” version of radical behaviorism. It focuses narrowly on a few of Skinner's concepts (mostly mentalism and verbal behavior) and contains no criticism of his mistakes. In fact, Moore adds a few mistakes of his own manufacture; for example, he insists that the mental realm does not exist—an unprovable and distracting assertion. The book's portrayal of behavior analysis would have been current around 1960; it mentions almost none of the developments since then. It also includes almost no developments in radical behaviorism since Skinner. Moore's book would give an unwary reader a highly distorted picture of contemporary behavior analysis and radical behaviorism.
Mowrer, O. Hobart
Assesses the present status of behaviorism by dividing this study into an evaluation of Behaviorism 1, based explicitly on Pavlov's conception of conditioned-response learning, and Behaviorism 11, single-handedly launched and almost completely dominanted by Professor B. F. Skinner. (Author/RK)
Following from an earlier analysis by B. F. Skinner, the present article suggests that the verbal processes in science may usefully be viewed as following a three-stage progression. This progression starts with (a) identification of basic data, then moves to (b) description of relations among those data, and ultimately concludes with (c) the…
Vargas, Ernest A.
Discusses behaviorism and the gradual shift to a theory of selectionism. Highlights include the development of behaviorism as a part of psychology, including Skinner's theories; varieties of behaviorism, including behavioral analysis; behaviorology in other disciplinary settings; effects of contingencies upon behavior; and the prospects for…
well as vernacular language and cuisine . 64 Dr. Skinner began with river basins for his analysis, adding commercial, transportation, and...PRC. One can see that, the mutual intelligibility rating is not that great even among the Mandarin dialects. For reference, the French language has
Sloman, Glenn Matthew
Based on Skinner's "Verbal Behavior" (1957), the picture exchange communication system (PECS) was designed to teach children with autism functional verbal behavior. Much research has demonstrated the effectiveness and efficiency of PECS in building verbal behavior. However, because PECS training is typically presented in a group format and later…
The Picture Exchange Communication System (PECS) is an alternative/augmentative communication protocol designed to help children and adults with autism and related disabilities to engage in functional communication. The protocol was developed over a number of years and was based on Skinner's analysis of verbal behavior. Publications about the…
Pedrini, D. T.; Pedrini, B. C.
This paper promotes an undergraduate course that would discuss the great ideas of Plato, St. Paul, Karl Marx, Sigmund Freud, Jean Paul Sartre, B. F. Skinner, and Konrad Lorenz. This course would help students understand human values and behaviors while focusing on historical, world, and national problems. Tentative solutions would then be…
Miguel, Caio F.
Among many of Jack Michael's contributions to the field of behavior analysis is his behavioral account of motivation. This paper focuses on the concept of "motivating operation" (MO) by outlining its development from Skinner's (1938) notion of "drive." Conceptually, Michael's term helped us change our focus on…
Full Text Available , Corbett MA, van Bon BW, Woenig JA, Weir L, Douglas E, Friend KL, Gardner A, Shaw M, Jolly LA, Tan C, Hunter MF, Hack... Fullston T, Easton DF, Boyle J, Partington M, Hackett A, Field M, Skinner C, Ste
Morgan, David L.
Published just over a half century ago, "Schedules of Reinforcement" (SOR) (Ferster & Skinner, 1957) marked the seminal empirical contribution of the book's second author and ushered in an era of research on behavior-environment relationships. This article traces the origins of both the methods and the data presented in SOR, and its legacy within…
Saad, Sawsan; Dandashi, Amal; Aljaam, Jihad M.; Saleh, Moataz
A multimedia-based learning system to teach children with intellectual disabilities (ID) the basic living and science concepts is proposed. The tutorials' development is pedagogically based on Mayer's Cognitive Theory of Multimedia Learning combined with Skinner's Operant Conditioning Model. Two types of tutorials are proposed. In the first type;…
Finn, Heather E.; Miguel, Caio F.; Ahearn, William H.
Despite Skinner's (1957) assertion that verbal operants are initially functionally independent, recent studies have suggested that in some cases the acquisition of one verbal operant (e.g., mand) gives rise to the other (e.g., tact) without explicit training. The present study aimed to evaluate the functional independence of mands and tacts during…
Pedrini, Bonnie C.; Pedrini, D. T.
The paper briefly explains operant conditioning as it pertains to special educators. Operant conditioning is thought to be an efficient method for modifying student behavior. Using the B. F. Skinner frame of reference, operant conditioning is said to include behavior modification and therapy, programed instruction, and computer assisted and…
Grow, Laura L.; Kodak, Tiffany
Previous research on the acquisition of verbal behavior in children with developmental disabilities has focused on teaching four primary verbal operants: (1) "mand"; (2) "tact"; (3) "echoic"; and (4) "intraverbal". In Skinner's (1957) analysis of verbal behavior, he stated that each verbal operant is maintained by unique antecedent and consequence…
Jurado-Parras, M. Teresa; Gruart, Agnes; Delgado-Garcia, Jose M.
The neural structures involved in ongoing appetitive and/or observational learning behaviors remain largely unknown. Operant conditioning and observational learning were evoked and recorded in a modified Skinner box provided with an on-line video recording system. Mice improved their acquisition of a simple operant conditioning task by…
Briefly discusses 10 books, or series of books, that represent major turning points in American education in the last 75 years. The authors include William H. McGuffey, Abraham Flexner, Lewis M. Terman, John Dewey, George S. Counts, Jerome S. Bruner, James S. Coleman, Michael B. Katz, and B. F. Skinner. (IRT)
Bihm, Elson M.; Gillaspy, J. Arthur, Jr.; Abbott, Hannah J.; Lammers, William J.
In 1992, Dr. Marian Breland Bailey, assisted by her husband Robert E. Bailey, gave the following presentation at the Psi Chi Banquet of the University of Central Arkansas. She and her first husband, Keller Breland, were students of B. F. Skinner and established Animal Behavior Enterprises (ABE) in 1947 and the IQ Zoo in 1955. Unknown to many…
Laurie, Charles T.
The paper reports the highlights of three learning models (behaviorist, cognitive, and humanist), and examines them for the guidance they offer for instruction and learning in shorthand. Included are the theories of Skinner, Gagne, Carroll, Bloom, Wittrock, Ausubel, Bruner, Dember, Nebes, Scriven, Anderson, and Rogers. (Author/AJ)
verband die eksperimente van Pavlov, Thorndike,. Skinner, Tolmann en Hull.) Fenomenologie. Die fenomenologie is 'n essensie-openbarende denkrigting. Dit impliseer'n denkende soektog na dit wat 'n besondere verskynsel of werklikheid maak juis dit wat dit is en nie iets anders nie. In die fenomenologiese antropologie ...
Psychologists and philosophers have long been interested in two questions: (a) What do mental terms mean? and (b) what role do mental terms play in explanations of behavior? In the current sketch I review how mediational neobehaviorism, cognitive psychology, and the radical behaviorism of B. F. Skinner address these questions. In so doing, I seek…
Kos, G.; Weijers, E. [ECN Biomassa, Kolen en Milieuonderzoek, Petten (Netherlands)
In February 2009 the concentration of wood smoke in a residential area in Schoorl (Noord-Holland, Netherlands) was investigated over a period of three weeks. The aim was to assess the effect of local particulate matter (PM) emissions - caused by heating with wood stoves in this area - on local PM concentration. [Dutch] In februari 2009 zijn in Schoorl in Noord-Holland concentraties houtrook bepaald door levoglucosanmetingen (een voor houtrook kenmerkende koolwaterstofverbinding). Lokale houtrook draagt daar significant bij aan de concentratie fijn stof: tussen 9% en 27% voor PM10 en tussen 30% en 39% voor PM2,5.
Adrian Mihai INCEU
Full Text Available In the first part of the paper the stages of our researches, the objectives and the methodology are presented. The paper focus on creating an evaluation system in order to compare the water taxation systems in the following countries: Holland, Hungary and Romania. This evaluation system is important if one takes in consideration the particularities of these systems. More than that, the comparison must take in consideration two very different systems: a centralized one in Holland and a decentralized one in Hungary and Romania.
Full Text Available Holland’s personality types versus preferences in accounting The article presents the results of research on the relationship between personality according to the typol-ogy of Holland with preferences in accounting. In his theory, Holland distinguished six personality types: Realistic, Investigative, Artistic, Social, Enterprising, and Conventional. The authors formulated a general hypothesis that these different personality types have different preferences and views on certain issues in accounting. They also formulated several detailed hypotheses related to two personality types: Conven-tional and Enterprising. In order to verify the hypotheses, the authors carried out quantitative research (a questionnaire survey and focus interviews. Generally speaking, these hypotheses were confirmed.
Кекелидзе, Этэри, 1944-
Ülevaade XXIII Peterburi teatrifestivalist "Balti kodu" 2013. a. Pikemalt Ivo van Hove lavastusest Tšehhovi näidendite järgi "De Russen!" (Toneelgroep Amsterdam (Holland)), Alvis Hermanise lavastusest "Oblomov" (Riia Uus Teater), Luk Percevali lavastusest "Vennad Karamazovid" (Theater Thalia (Saksamaa)), Bram Janseni lavastusest Strindbergi "Preili Julie" järgi "Kijken naar Julie" (Bram Jansen Company (Holland)), Juri Butussovi lavastusest "Macbeth-Kino" (Peterburi Lensoveti-nim. Teater), Grigori Kozlovi lavastusest "Vaikne Don" (Мастерская (Peterburi)) ning Rimas Tuminase lavastusest "Jevgeni Onegin" (Vahtangovi-nim. Teater (Moskva))
David J. Snyder
Full Text Available La historia contemporánea neerlandesa sigue siendo un tema poco investigado en los Estados Unidos. Aunque los científicos sociales americanos han apreciado por mucho tiempo el valor de los estudios de neerlandeses, historiadores norteamericanos han tardado en desarrollar la historiografía contemporánea neerlandesa, debido en parte a la escasez de fuentes utiles en las colecciones públicas. Este artículo está destinado a servir como una introducción a los documentos del Servicio de Información de los Países Bajos (NIS, en neerlandés, la Regerings Voorlichtingsdienst, que ahora están abiertas al estudio, y una invitación a los académicos para incluir los Países Bajos en sus programas de investigación. Administrada por la Holland Historical Trust y ubicada en el Holland Museum of Holland, Michigan, este depósito de materiales contemporáneos en lengua neerlandesa es único en América del Norte. La colección NIS en el Museo de Holanda es un excelente punto de partida para estudiar la contemporaneidad de los Países Bajos. Una serie de acontecimientos contemporáneos se han desarrollado en Holanda, y su estudio podría enseñar a los lectores la versión neerlandesa de estos eventos._____________ABSTRACT:Contemporary Dutch history remains an under-researched topic in the United States. Though American social scientists have long appreciated the value of Dutch studies, American historians have been slow to develop contemporary Dutch historiography due in part to a dearth of comprehensive sources in public collections. This article is meant to serve as an introduction to the papers of the Netherlands Information Service (NIS; in Dutch, the Regerings Voorlichtingsdienst, which are now open for study, and an invitation to scholars to include the contemporary Netherlands in their research agendas. Held by the Holland Historical Trust and housed in the Holland Museum of Holland, Michigan, this repository of contemporary Dutch materials
Oja, Urmas, 1981-2012
Eesti Kunstiakadeemia uue õppehoone arhitektuurikonkursist, võidutööst, mille lihtsus, elegantsus ja lai arusaadavus peaksid autori arvates tagama maja valmimise. Žürii koosseis. Premeeritud tööd: I koht - "Art Plaza", autorid Tue Hesselberg Foged, Uffe Leth Laursen, Karsten Gori, Sinus Lynge, SEA + Effekt (Taani), II - "TLN 247", NAT Architecten bv (Holland), III - "Arts Factory", autor Paulo Sergio Goncalves Teixeira de Sousa, NERALP (Portugal), ergutuspreemiad - "Publicsection", autor Bernd Upmeyer, Board (Holland) ja "Sashimi", autor Francois Blanciak (Jaapan)
Lensink, S.M.; Van Stralen, J. [ECN Beleidsstudies, Petten (Netherlands)
On request of the Holland Financial Centre, ECN has projected the potential benefits of a Green Investment Company for the expenditure of the SDE+ Scheme (Renewable Energy Incentivisation Scheme). To this end, a calculation was made of the effects of an interest rebate for sustainable energy projects [Dutch] Op verzoek van Holland Financial Centre heeft ECN geraamd wat de voordelen kunnen zijn van een Groene Investeringsmaatschappij op de uitgaven voor de SDE+ (Stimuleringsregeling Duurzame Energie). Hiertoe diende een berekening gemaakt te worden van de effecten van een rentekorting voor duurzame energieprojecten.
Møller, Hanne; Brok, Lene Storgaard
. Hasse (2015) and Holland (1998) have inspired our study; i.e., learning is conceptualized as a social phenomenon, implying that contexts of learning are decisive for learner identity. The concept of Figured Worlds is used to understand the development and the social constitution of emergent interactions......,“(Holland et al., 1998, p. 52) and gives a framework for understanding meaning-making in particular pedagogical settings. We exemplify our use of the term Figured Worlds, both as an analytic and methodological tool for empirical studies in kindergarten and school. Based on data sources, such as field notes...
Antologiens artikler er lavet af en række anerkendte forskere og ide-folk fra Danmark, Norge, Holland, England og USA. Herunder Peter Lang, Daniel Stern, Maria Aarts, Thomas Armstrong, Maria Aarts, Jan Tønnesvang, Stein Bråten, Jesper Juul og Susan Hart......Antologiens artikler er lavet af en række anerkendte forskere og ide-folk fra Danmark, Norge, Holland, England og USA. Herunder Peter Lang, Daniel Stern, Maria Aarts, Thomas Armstrong, Maria Aarts, Jan Tønnesvang, Stein Bråten, Jesper Juul og Susan Hart...
Smith, Terry L
B.F. Skinner argued that the science of behavior would progress more rapidly without appealing to theories of learning. He also suggested that theories in a quite different sense were possible, but that the science of behavior as of 1950 was not ready for them. The following analysis distinguishes between Skinner's two concepts of theory. It argues that theory in the second sense has arisen in the quantitative analysis of behavior. The attempt to give a dynamic account of the static regularities of this theory, however, has produced a theory in the first sense. Within its limited domain, this theory offers a rigorous alternative to cognitive accounts of behavior. Rather than distracting attention from actual behavior, it has now led to novel predictions about it. This article is part of a Special Issue entitled 'SQAB 2014'. Copyright © 2015 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.
Campos, Cedric M; De Leon, Manuel; De Diego, David MartIn; Vankerschaver, Joris
The aim of this paper is to propose an unambiguous intrinsic formalism for higher order field theories which avoids the arbitrariness in the generalization of the conventional description of field theories, and implies the existence of different Cartan forms and Legendre transformations. We propose a differential-geometric setting for the dynamics of a higher order field theory, based on the Skinner and Rusk formalism for mechanics. This approach incorporates aspects of both the Lagrangian and the Hamiltonian description, since the field equations are formulated using the Lagrangian on a higher order jet bundle and the canonical multisymplectic form on its affine dual. As both of these objects are uniquely defined, the Skinner-Rusk approach has the advantage that it does not suffer from the arbitrariness in conventional descriptions. The result is that we obtain a unique and global intrinsic version of the Euler-Lagrange equations for higher order field theories. Several examples illustrate our construction.
Full Text Available . Skinner, J. Appl. Elec- .7112. wx .471 or 971. wx .301. wxN.D. Tomashov, G.P. Chernova, E.N. Ustinsky, Corrosion .134. wxN.D. Tamashov, G.P. Chermava, L.A. Chigirinskaya, E.A. .704. wxK. Varga, P. Baradlai, W.O. Barnard, G. Myburg, P. Halmas, .25. wx...J.H. Potgieter, W. Skinner, A.M. Heyns, in: Proceedings of the 1st International Chromium Steel and Alloys Congress, 2, 1992, p. 235. wxJ.H. Potgieter, W.O. Barnard, G. Myburg, K. Varga, P. .? 1103. wxK. Varga, P. Baradlai, W.O. Barnard, J.H. Potgieter, P. .143...
Rodrigo Pinto Guimarães
Full Text Available O Behaviorismo Radical de Skinner é muitas vezes criticado de forma indevida e até preconceituosa. Muitas destas críticas, na verdade, são críticas da psicologia de Watson e não do Behaviorismo Radical. O entendimento das diferenças entre os modos idealista e materialista de pensar ajuda a esclarecer a maneira de estudar e compreender o comportamento para o Behaviorismo Radical, bem como a sua posição anti-mentalista. O estudo da história da evolução do Behaviorismo é necessário para possibilitar o entendimento das diferenças entre o Behaviorismo Metodológico de Watson e o Behaviorismo Radical de Skinner, bem como das suas respectivas contribuições para a psicologia.
The question whether talking to yourself is thinking is considered from two viewpoints: radical behaviorism and teleological behaviorism. For radical behaviorism, following Skinner (1945), mental events such as 'thinking' may be explained in terms of private behavior occurring within the body, ordinarily unobservable by other people; thus, radical behaviorism may identify talking to yourself with thinking. However, to be consistent with its basic principles, radical behaviorism must hold that private behavior, hence thinking, is identical with covert muscular, speech movements (rather than proprioception of those movements). For teleological behaviorism, following Skinner (1938), all mental terms, including 'thinking,' stand for abstract, temporally extended patterns of overt behavior. Thus, for teleological behaviorism, talking to yourself, covert by definition, cannot be thinking. © 2017 Society for the Experimental Analysis of Behavior.
MÓNICA MARÍA NOVOA GÓMEZ
Full Text Available In the sciences dedicated to study the human beings, a dualism framework has been a constant and thedebate has been abundant both in philosophy of the science and in psychology itself (Moore, 2001;Ribes, 1990; Skinner, 1975, Skinner, 1969; Kantor, 1969, Ryle, 1949. The history of the psychologicaland philosophical thought about body-mind relation since Descartes is the history of the uncountableintents to escape from what Vesey (1965 nominated as the dead Cartesian point, to refer to thescientistsconclusion on the human impossibility to understand how the body and mind are united. Inthe best way, finally there has been a return to the unavoidable common sense conception of its mutualinteraction. This article discusses the legitimacy of the dualist postulates and present AEC contributionsrelated to.
Skinner1953_Operant.pdf. 5 (and others) can learn writing subconsciously by turning into habit the responses they have encountered in their academic...100 Each source is evaluated for potential biases , purpose, and reliability. After evaluating multiple sources, the authors select those that are...and effect • Describe the tone, and look for bias • Identify inferences and assumptions • Identify implications139 Their third recommended step is
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Mayor, S J; Wilson, J
A PDP-12 interface was designed, constructed, and tested for realtime imput and output of binary information. Within limits this interface can be used with any peripheral device which operates in the binary mode. In addition to its generality of application the interface features include ease of expansion and low cost. A description of its design and operation is give here is terms of a typical application: the control of behavioral equipment (i.e. "Skinner Boxes") for operant conditioning.
Sakagami, Takayuki; Lattal, Kennon A.
We describe an early operant conditioning chamber fabricated by Harvard University instrument maker Ralph Gerbrands and shipped to Japan in 1952 in response to a request of Professor B. F. Skinner by Japanese psychologists. It is a rare example, perhaps the earliest still physically existing, of such a chamber for use with pigeons. Although the overall structure and many of the components are similar to contemporary pigeon chambers, several differences are noted and contrasted to evolutionary...
Laties, Victor G.
Psychologists, particularly those influenced by the work of B. F. Skinner, played a major part in the development of behavioral pharmacology in the 1950s and 1960s. Revolutionary changes in pharmacology and psychiatry, including the discovery of powerful therapeutic agents such as chlorpromazine and reserpine, had produced a surge of interest in drug research. Pharmaceutical companies began hiring psychologists with operant conditioning backgrounds so as to compete successfully in the search ...
Gauthier, M; Soumireu-Mourat, B
The entorhinal cortex seems heterogeneous as dopaminergic terminals are present only in the anterior part of the lateral entorhinal cortex. In order to clarify the interaction of this cortex with the hippocampus in memory processes, the effects of either 6-hydroxydopamine or radiofrequency bilateral lesions were compared. Both lesions enhance the retention of a Skinner task with continuous reinforcement schedule. Involvement of dopamine in memory processes is discussed.
Destrade, C; Gauthier, M
One week after receiving bilateral electrolytic lesions of the cingulate cortex, BALB/c Mice underwent acquisition, retention and extinction of an appetitive operant-conditioning task in a Skinner box. There was no significant difference between lesioned and control animals in acquisition; however, lesioned mice exhibited improved retention and faster extinction. These results suggest a possible involvement of the cingulate cortex in memory processes.
Kymissis, E; Poulson, C L
The concept of imitation has undergone different analyses in the hands of different learning theorists throughout the history of psychology. From Thorndike's connectionism to Pavlov's classical conditioning, Hull's monistic theory, Mowrer's two-factor theory, and Skinner's operant theory, there have been several divergent accounts of the conditions that produce imitation and the conditions under which imitation itself may facilitate language acquisition. In tracing the roots of the concept of...
Dinsmoor, James A.
In his effort to distinguish operant from respondent conditioning, Skinner stressed the lack of an eliciting stimulus and rejected the prevailing stereotype of Pavlovian “stimulus—response” psychology. But control by antecedent stimuli, whether classified as conditional or discriminative, is ubiquitous in the natural setting. With both respondent and operant behavior, symmetrical gradients of generalization along unrelated dimensions may be obtained following differential reinforcement in the...
Troisi, Joseph R
This Viewpoint emphasizes interoceptive discriminative stimulus modulation of voluntary operant behavior (a la B. F. Skinner), rather than elicitation of Pavlovian conditioned reflexes. In doing so, I will restate how the operant drug discrimination paradigm may not only elucidate smoking and other addictive behaviors but also anxiety (Troisi, J. R., II. (2003) Spontaneous recovery during, but not following, extinction of the discriminative stimulus effects of nicotine in rats: Reinstatement of stimulus control. Psychol. Rec. 53, 579-592).
The recent history and current status of the area of verbal behavior are considered in terms of three major thematic lines: the operant conditioning of adult verbal behavior, learning to be an effective speaker and listener, and developments directly related to Skinner's Verbal Behavior. Other topics not directly related to the main themes are also considered: the work of Kurt Salzinger, ape-language research, and human operant research related to rule-governed behavior.
João Cláudio Todorov
Full Text Available O conceito de operante surge nos anos 30 como necessidade, dada a dificuldade encontrada por Skinner para analisar seus dados usando como ferramenta o conceito de reflexo. O presente trabalho apresenta a evolução do conceito até o presente, quando a unidade de análise não tem mais a ver com a estrutura do comportamento: a nova ferramenta é o conceito de contingência tríplice.
neural networks, and machine learning . This list ie not all 9. Future ESM Systems and the Potential for Neural Processing inclusive. This research could...U.S. CAPT James M. Skinner , USAF, Air Force Space Technology 17. Development of Tactical Doecisiont Akid. Center, and Prof. Georg* F. Luger...ntegrat11111ng Macine I~1e900enc Into the Co~pi to Aid t" Pilot 26. Integrated Communications, Navigatlion. Ideintiflocation Avionics Dr. Edward J
assessing a state of the world and identifying the best action to take in a given state. Reinforcement learning , a sub-field of machine learning inspired...1998; Thorndike, 1911; Skinner , 1938). Placed in the context of an information processing view of cognition, reinforcement learning would provide one way...Reinforcement Learning The term reinforcement learning (RL) in this context refers to a subfield of machine learning that relies on trial and error