WorldWideScience

Sample records for hoc theatre sessions

  1. Decentralized session initiation protocol solution in ad hoc networks

    Science.gov (United States)

    Han, Lu; Jin, Zhigang; Shu, Yantai; Dong, Linfang

    2006-10-01

    With the fast development of ad hoc networks, SIP has attracted more and more attention in multimedia service. This paper proposes a new architecture to provide SIP service for ad hoc users, although there is no centralized SIP server deployed. In this solution, we provide the SIP service by the introduction of two nodes: Designated SIP Server (DS) and its Backup Server (BDS). The nodes of ad hoc network designate DS and BDS when they join the session nodes set and when some pre-defined events occur. A new sip message type called REGISTRAR is presented so nodes can send others REGISTRAR message to declare they want to be DS. According to the IP information taken in the message, an algorithm works like the election of DR and BDR in OSPF protocol is used to vote DS and BDS SIP servers. Naturally, the DS will be replaced by BDS when the DS is down for predicable or unpredictable reasons. To facilitate this, the DS should register to the BDS and transfer a backup of the SIP users' database. Considering the possibility DS or BDS may abruptly go down, a special policy is given. When there is no DS and BDS, a new election procedure is triggered just like the startup phase. The paper also describes how SIP works normally in the decentralized model as well as the evaluation of its performance. All sessions based on SIP in ad hoc such as DS voting have been tested in the real experiments within a 500m*500m square area where about 30 random nodes are placed.

  2. People's Theatre in Amerika.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Taylor, Karen Malpede

    A history of the people's theatre movement in this country from the early 1920s to the early 1970s, this book deals with the structural and thematic connections between the radical theatre of the twenties and thirties and current work of such revolutionary theatres as the Living Theatre, Open Theatre, Bread and Puppet Theatre, El Teatro Campesino,…

  3. Theatre, Education and Performance

    Science.gov (United States)

    Nicholson, Helen

    2011-01-01

    In the first conceptual overview of current practices and debates in theatre education, Helen Nicholson explores the contribution that professional theatre practitioners make to the education of young people. She maps the environments in which theatre and learning meet, and looks at how the educational concerns and artistic inventiveness of people…

  4. The impact of late-starts and overruns on theatre utilisation rates.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Al-Benna, Sammy

    2012-06-01

    The NHS Management Executive recommends that hospitals should aim to use 90% of planned theatre time and that theatre utilisation should be used as a key performance indicator. This study aims to investigate the impact of late-starts and overruns on theatre utilisation rates. Data were retrieved from a prospectively updated theatre database for all elective plastic surgical main theatre operating sessions carried out over a one year period. Theatre list utilisation was calculated as the percentage of the total allocated session time that was used for anaesthesia and operating. A total of 2,944 elective main theatre operations were performed in one year. Total theatre utilisation was 90.9%. Utilisation of lists starting less than one hour after the scheduled start time was similar to the utilisation of sessions starting more than one hour late (90.1% versus 91.7% respectively, p = 0.527). In contrast, overrunning lists demonstrated much higher utilisation rates than those that finished before the end of the session (96.7% versus 76.6% respectively, p theatre inefficiency yet their impact on utilisation is misleading: overruns exaggerate theatre usage and late-starts have little impact upon it. We conclude that the use of utilisation as a marker of theatre performance requires caution.

  5. Analysis of operating theatre utilisation to drive efficiency and productivity improvements.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Thorburn, Hamish; Khanna, Sankalp; Boyle, Justin; Good, Norm; Steyn, Michael

    2014-01-01

    There is an urgent need in the acute health system to use resources as efficiently as possible. One such group of resources are operating theatres, which have an important impact on patient flow through a hospital. Data-driven insights into the use of operating theatres can suggest improvements to minimise wastage and improve theatre availability. In this paper, a short extract of surgical data from participating Queensland public hospitals was statistically analysed to examine the effects of session type, session specialty, scheduling the longest case first and day of the week on theatre utilisation. It was found that day-long sessions (as opposed to separate morning or afternoon sessions), mid-week sessions, certain specialties (eg. neurosurgery sessions) and not doing the longest case first were most beneficial to theatre utilisation. Awareness of these findings is important in any redesign activity aimed at improving flow performance.

  6. Talking About Theatre

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Hansen, Louise Ejgod; Lindelof, Anja Mølle

    2015-01-01

    Taking as its starting point the Nordic cultural policy debates surrounding audience development, which concentrate either on reaching out to new target groups or on artistic quality, this article suggests that the focus on the audience’s experience of theatre performances has thus far been...... underdeveloped. Through qualitative audience investigations, this article shows how talking about theatre offers a method by which to explore theatre experiences from an audience perspective, and thus provides invaluable knowledge for theatres and cultural politicians in search of larger and broader audiences...

  7. Talking about theatre

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Lindelof, Anja Mølle; Hansen, Louise Ejgod

    2015-01-01

    Taking as its starting point the Nordic cultural policy debates surrounding audience development, which concentrate either on reaching out to new target groups or on artistic quality, this article suggests that the focus on the audience’s experience of theatre performances has thus far been...... underdeveloped. Through qualitative audience investigations, this article shows how talking about theatre offers a method by which to explore theatre experiences from an audience perspective, and thus provides invaluable knowledge for theatres and cultural politicians in search of larger and broader audiences...

  8. Experiencing Theatre and Drama

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Hansen, Louise Ejgod; Welent Sørensen, Pernille; Eibye, Tine

    2015-01-01

    Engelsk version af Pernille Welents, Tine Eibyes og mit undervisningsmateriale, oversat og taget i anvendelse af Slingsby Theatre Company i Australien......Engelsk version af Pernille Welents, Tine Eibyes og mit undervisningsmateriale, oversat og taget i anvendelse af Slingsby Theatre Company i Australien...

  9. The Theatre at Halikarnassos

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Pedersen, Poul; Isager, Signe

    2015-01-01

    In this article the physical remains of the theatre at Halikarnassos are described and some reflections are made on its date, which are followed by some thoughts on the architectural background for the creation of the circlebased design. In an appendix inscriptions from the theatre illuminating its...

  10. Is theatre utilization a valid performance indicator for NHS operating theatres?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Faiz, Omar; Tekkis, Paris; Mcguire, Alistair; Papagrigoriadis, Savvas; Rennie, John; Leather, Andrew

    2008-01-01

    Background Utilization is used as the principal marker of theatre performance in the NHS. This study investigated its validity as: a managerial tool, an inter-Trust indicator of efficient theatre use and as a marker of service performance for surgeons. Methods A multivariate linear regression model was constructed using theatre data comprising all elective general surgical operating lists performed at a NHS Teaching hospital over a seven-year period. The model investigated the influence of: operating list size, individual surgeons and anaesthetists, late-starts, overruns, session type and theatre suite on utilization (%). Results 7,283 inpatient and 8,314 day case operations were performed on 3,234 and 2,092 lists respectively. Multivariate analysis demonstrated that the strongest independent predictors of list utilization were the size of the operating list (p Theatre utilization broadly reflects the surgical volume successfully admitted and operated on elective lists. At extreme values it can expose administrative process failure within individual Trusts but probably lacks specificity for meaningful use as an inter-Trust theatre performance indicator. Unadjusted utilization rates fail to reflect the service performance of surgeons, as their ability to influence it is small. PMID:18237411

  11. 281 Technical Theatre Practice in Nigerian University Theatres ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Ambrose Ali University Ekpoma on sabbatical was the pioneer. Head of Theatre Arts unit. In 2005, after the full accreditation of the Theatre Arts Unit, it was separated from the Department of. Performing Arts; to the full autonomous status of the Department of Theatre Arts. The Delta State University Theatre Arts studio is.

  12. America's Repertory--Hedgerow Theatre: The Hedgerow Theatre Collection.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cohen, Gail

    From 1923 until 1956, Jasper Deeter's Hedgerow Theatre provided the United States with true repertory theatre. This document provides a brief history and description of the theatre, noting prominent actors and actresses who belonged to the company, some of the plays that were presented, and recognition that was given to the theatre. The document…

  13. Technical Theatre Practice in Nigerian University Theatres | Iyamah ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    This problem has for some time now engaged serious attention from technical theatre scholars and key players of theatre education in the country in a view of ... theatre practice in Nigeria with regards to equipment and human resources available to students in assuring quality training in select Nigerian University theatres.

  14. The impact of rolling theatre closures on core urology training.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Good, D W; Khan, N; Kiely, E; Brady, C

    2013-05-01

    Since 2008, government funding of the Health Service Executive (HSE) has decreased significantly. Our hospital, Cork University Hospital (CUH), implemented "cost saving" measures including scheduled operating theatre closures. We studied their affect on urological surgical activity at the hospital. A retrospective review was performed using theatre log books and theatre records to determine the number, type and training status of procedures performed for years 2009 and 2011. Scheduled theatre closures in 2011 resulted in 33 more theatre session cancelations compared to 2009. There was a reduction in the total number of procedures performed from 555 cases in 2009 to 443 in 2011 a 20.2(%) reduction. The number of "training" cases reduced from 325 (58.9%) in 2009 to 216 (48.7%) in 2011 a 10.2% reduction (Table 2). Eight out of the nine "core urology training" procedures reduced in number from 2009 to 2011 (Table 1). We have shown that scheduled theatre closures have reduced the number of procedures performed and have impacted on urology training. Scheduled theatre closures are expected to become more frequent in the future. Potential solutions to lessen the impact include providing simulation training using the Royal College of Surgeons in Ireland (RCSI) mobile skills unit during these theatre closures.

  15. Improving theatre turnaround time.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Fletcher, Daniel; Edwards, David; Tolchard, Stephen; Baker, Richard; Berstock, James

    2017-01-01

    The NHS Institute for Innovation and Improvement has determined that a £7 million saving can be achieved per trust by improving theatre efficiency. The aim of this quality improvement project was to improve orthopaedic theatre turnaround without compromising the patient safety. We process mapped all the stages from application of dressing to knife to skin on the next patient in order to identify potential areas for improvement. Several suggestions arose which were tested in multiple PDSA cycles in a single theatre. These changes were either adopted, adapted or rejected on the basis of run chart data and theatre team feedback. Successful ideas which were adopted included, the operating department practitioner (ODP) seeing and completing check-in paperwork during the previous case rather than during turnaround, a 15 minute telephone warning to ensure the next patient was fully ready, a dedicated cleaning team mobilised during wound closure, sending for the next patient as theatre cleaning begins. Run charts demonstrate that as a result of these interventions the mean turnaround time almost halved from 66.5 minutes in July to 36.8 minutes over all PDSA cycles. This improvement has been sustained and rolled out into another theatre. As these improvements become more established we hope that additional cases will be booked, improving theatre output. The PDSA cycle continues as we believe that further gains may yet be made, and our improvements may be rolled out across other surgical specialities.

  16. Private theatre utilisation in South Africa: a case study.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hartmann, D; Sunjka, B

    2013-05-01

    A large private operating theatre complex was investigated to address the lack of published South African benchmarks for utilisation. All major theatres were staffed during normal working hours (07h00 - 19h00), emergency cases being provided for on an ad hoc basis through spare capacity. An extensive billing database, amounting to 28 991 records of procedures performed during normal working hours and spanning the period October 2007 - February 2010, was data-mined using Visual Basic for Applications (VBA) scripts. Theatre utilisation was analysed per day, per theatre. The results showed an average utilisation of 43% with significant variation in day-to-day operations. If the very underutilised minor theatre was excluded from the analysis, overall utilisation rose to 48%. Individual theatre utilisation ranged from 14% to 61%. An analysis of change in utilisation with time during a day showed that peak utilisation of 71% was achieved at 09h30 (90 minutes after lists start). Utilisation dropped to 25% at the end of the working day and was sustained for some time after hours. The 48% utilisation observed was significantly lower than the global benchmark of between 70% and 80%.

  17. Facilitating learning in the operating theatre and intensive care unit.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Jones, R W; Morris, R W

    2006-12-01

    Almost every aspect of anaesthetic and intensive care practice can be taught within the operating theatre and intensive care unit. This includes knowledge in the areas of medicine, anatomy, pharmacology, physiology, measurement and statistics, invaluable psychomotor and global skills and abilities, as well as the many important non-clinical aspects of anaesthesia and intensive care including effective communication, leadership, management, ethics and teaching. The operating theatre and intensive care unit offer many advantages and pose numerous challenges to education. This paper briefly discusses what can be taught in the operating theatre and intensive care unit, the educational challenges and benefits of teaching in these unique environments, implications for teaching and what consultants and trainees can do to positively influence the educational activity. The paper concludes with suggestions for facilitating learning in the operating theatre and intensive care unit including the Soldier's Five, practice vivas, skills training, endoscopic dexterity, interesting article exchange, in-service sessions, electronic resources and use out of hours.

  18. STEPS in Understanding How Theatre Systems Influence Theatre Life

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    van den Hoogen, Quirijn; Saro, Anneli

    2015-01-01

    This article discusses the methodology and outcomes of the STEP City Study on theatre in European cities. Its aim is not only to give a general overview of the outcomes of the comparison of the theatre systems of seven smaller cities, the supply of theatre and the use that is made of it and the

  19. Reduction of skin bacteria in theatre air with comfortable, non-woven disposable clothing for operating-theatre staff.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mitchell, N J; Evans, D S; Kerr, A

    1978-01-01

    Conventional loose-weave cotton operating garments were compared with clothing of a non-woven fabric to test their efficacy in reducing the dispersal of skin bacteria into theatre air. When men wore operating suits made of the non-woven fabric dispersal of skin bacteria was reduced by 72%. When all the operating-theatre staff wore suits and dresses of this fabric air bacterial counts during operating sessions were reduced by 55%; no reduction occurred when the fabric was worn by only the scrubbed team. The lowest levels of microbial contamination of the air in the operating theatre occurred when both the unscrubbed and scrubbed theatre staff wore clothes of non-woven fabric. PMID:630302

  20. Rescuing the Regent Theatre

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Louise Blake

    2005-10-01

    Full Text Available Melbourne’s Regent and Plaza theatres opened in Collins Street in 1929. For more than forty years, these grand picture palaces were among Melbourne’s most treasured cinemas, favourites together with the Capitol Theatre in Swanston Street and the State Theatre in Flinders Street. Often called ‘palaces of dreams’, they were part of a glamorous entertainment era, when a night out at the movies was an event, and an afternoon matinee was a treat. Not even the Regent’s two-year closure, as a result of the fire that destroyed the auditorium in 1945, could dampen the enthusiasm of its Melbourne audiences. By the 1960s, however, the grand picture palaces were no longer in vogue and were becoming uneconomical to run. The State Theatre closed in 1962 and was later converted into two theatres. The Capitol closed in 1964, but when it re-opened eighteen months later a shopping arcade had been built in the lower part of the auditorium. After investigating the option of converting the Regent into two theatres, its owner, Hoyts, opted to develop a smaller multi-cinema complex in Bourke Street instead. The company sold the Regent and Plaza theatres to the City of Melbourne in 1969 and in 1970 the doors of the Regent and Plaza closed for what many people thought was the last time. Melbourne City Council bought the Regent and Plaza in order to control development around the site of the proposed City Square on the corner of Swanston and Collins Streets. The theatres seemed destined to fall victim to the wrecker’s ball. But if the 1960s was the decade of development, the 1970s was the decade of preservation. Protests against the demolition of historic buildings occurred around Australia, often with the controversial support of the building unions. The architectural profession debated the issues of preservation versus development of dynamic modern buildings. Both the State and Federal Governments were forced to introduce legislation to protect the nation

  1. Theatre etiquette course: students' experiences.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Nutt, James; Mehdian, Roshana; Kellett, Catherine

    2014-04-01

    Prior to 2008 medical students at the University of Dundee had no formal teaching in scrubbing, gloving and gowning for theatre. The students had reported high levels of stress, and a lack of knowledge and confidence, when asked to scrub, glove and gown for theatre. We present a cohort study of the effect on students' experiences in theatre following the implementation of a new theatre etiquette course to the undergraduate curriculum. We implemented a new theatre etiquette course for medical students, in which they learned scrubbing, gowning and gloving for theatre. We then identified two cohorts of students: the year group who attended the new course and the year above who did not. At the end of year 4, both cohorts completed a questionnaire about their confidence and experiences in theatre. The results from the year below were compared with the year above, who had no such formal teaching. Questionnaire responses from over 70 per cent of each cohort demonstrated that students attending the new formal course felt significantly more confident in theatre etiquette skills and had an improved experience in the operating theatre, compared with the previous year group. The implementation of a theatre etiquette course improved students' preparation and experience in theatre. It also outlines the need for consistent teaching at an undergraduate level. This formal teaching method is recommended for any curriculum in which students attend theatre. © 2014 John Wiley & Sons Ltd.

  2. Organisational Theatre and Polyphony

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Matula, Linda; Badham, Richard; Meisiek, Stefan

    This paper details the conditions leading up to and influencing an organisational theatre intervention as part of an organisational change program at a newly established cancer clinic. The paper explores the social and political interactions and negotiations shaping the structure and conditions...... of the organisational theatre event. It focuses in particular on the alignments and clashes between the different human resource voices in defining the ‘surface’ formal purpose for the intervention and the embeddedness of such interactions and negotiations in ‘deeper’ cultural and social conditions. The paper provides...

  3. Hearings before the Ad Hoc Committee on Maritime Education and Training of the Committee on Merchant Marine and Fisheries, Ninety-Third Congress; Second Session on Officer Requirements, and Session on Maritime Education Regarding Safety at Sea. Serial No. 93-44.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Congress of the U.S., Washington, DC. House Committee on Merchant Marine and Fisheries.

    The publication consists of Congressional hearings before the Ad Hoc Committee on Maritime Education and Training: (1) June 26, 1974 hearing pertaining to officer requirements and (2) November 19, 1974 hearing on maritime education regarding safety at sea. Estimated cost per graduate for the U. S. Merchant Marine 1973 class was $31,100. Supply and…

  4. The Theatre of stars

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cavedon, M.; Peri, F.

    Planetariums are special instruments in education and didactics of Astronomy and Astrophysics. Since 1930 the Planetarium of Milan, the most important planetarium in Italy, has played a fundamental role in outreach to the public. Italian tradition always preferred didactics in ``live'' lessons. Now technology expands the potential of the star projector and the theatre of stars is a real window on the universe, where you can travel among the stars and galaxies, to reach the boundaries of space and time.

  5. Exploring Power with Object Theatre

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Ryöppy, Merja; Ylirisku, Salu; Knutz, Eva

    2017-01-01

    This paper explores Object Theatre as an approach to address power in design. We understand power as a relational activity that emerges and is upheld through particular ways of relating (Elias, 1991; Stacey, 2007). The spontaneity in participant actions through Object Theatre exercises renders...... processes of relating tangible and negotiable. In this study Object Theatre was applied in exploration of a new walking aid for elderly people. We argue that the shift in perspective that Object Theatre allows designers to achieve can be effectively harnessed to explore issues arising from power relating...

  6. Mobile ad hoc networking

    CERN Document Server

    John Wiley & Sons

    2004-01-01

    "Assimilating the most up-to-date information on research and development activities in this rapidly growing area, Mobile Ad Hoc Networking covers physical, data link, network, and transport layers, as well as application, security, simulation, and power management issues in sensor, local area, personal, and mobile ad hoc networks. Each of the book's sixteen chapters has been written by a top expert and discusses in-depth the most important topics in the field. Mobile Ad Hoc Networking is an excellent reference and guide for professionals seeking an in-depth examination of topics that also provides a comprehensive overview of the current state-of-the-art."--Jacket.

  7. Creative Inclusion in Community Theatre: A Journey with Odyssey Theatre

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wooster, Roger

    2009-01-01

    What does "inclusion" mean in practice? This article considers the work of Odyssey Theatre, a group of learning-disabled and non-learning-disabled performers as they put together a production with the support of professional theatre workers. Working processes are examined and the balance of empowerment and professional leadership…

  8. Reducing returns to theatre for neck of femur fracture patients.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Graham, Selina; Dahill, Mark; Robinson, Derek

    2017-01-01

    The Royal United Hospital, Bath, admits approximately 550 patients with neck of femur fractures per year. The risks from returning to theatre for this patient group are often life-threatening. Post-operative wound ooze was noted to cause a significant rate of return to theatre, with increased lengths of stay and patient morbidity. A wound closure protocol was agreed by the consultant body. This information was disseminated by email and teaching sessions to all members of the multidisciplinary team, including surgeons, theatre staff and ortho-geriatricians. The plan-do-study-act model for improvement was used to reduce rates of returns to theatre for wound ooze. Interventions included cyclical teaching during each trainee rotation, updated inductions, posters, email reminders and scrub team involvement to open the protocol sutures unprompted. The primary outcome measure was returns to theatre for wound complications. Baseline data showed 4 returns to theatre over a two month period (4.40% of patients). Length of stay for each patient affected by wound ooze was also compared to the departmental mean. In the 6 month intervention period there was one return to theatre (0.36% of patients). The observed reduction saved the department an estimated £13,831 in length of stay alone. The standardisation of wound closure protocol, with continued reinforcement to all members of the multidisciplinary team, improves patient outcome in this group. Mobilising a group of clinicians across a variety of specialities, with one common goal, is highly effective for patients, improves multidisciplinary working and reduces cost.

  9. The Ex hoc Architecture

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    2006-01-01

    Developed in the LIWAS project which develops technology for measuring road surfaces and communicating this data in an ad hoc environment. The communication part is built upon OOVM Resilient technology....

  10. COOPERATIVE PROFESSIONALISM IN THEATRE ARTS ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    procurement, and enhancement of theatre profession, reduction of production cost, employment provision, high yielding profit, articulated welfare, participative management and cooperative spirit. “The arts generally suffer inadequate or scarce investment. It was observed that theatres' financial plight indicates the situation's ...

  11. Bagatelle about translated theatre

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Paolo Puppa

    2017-07-01

    Full Text Available In Italy, there is nothing in common, no harmony, between audience and stage, in particular, between language spoken out of the theatre and language pronounced on stage, in a way that playwrights often are compelled to invent their own language. In fact, Italian theater lacks a precise code of traditions able to shape the organic ground of recitation itself. These questions allow the author to reflect about theatrical language as in, for example, the case of a Venetian company that performs Danilo Kiš’ play, Consigli a un giovane scrittori, or the revision, among others, of the syncretic Esperanto used by Eugenio Barba.

  12. Invisible Theatre, Ethics, and the Adult Educator

    Science.gov (United States)

    Burstow, Bonnie

    2008-01-01

    This article probes the ethics of one of the more controversial as well as exciting forms of adult education--the mode of theatre of the oppressed called "invisible theatre". Looking at claims made by practitioners--Augusto Boal's especially--and drawing on concrete theatre pieces, the author asks: What are invisible theatre's claims to…

  13. Dynamic ad hoc networks

    CERN Document Server

    Rashvand, Habib

    2013-01-01

    Motivated by the exciting new application paradigm of using amalgamated technologies of the Internet and wireless, the next generation communication networks (also called 'ubiquitous', 'complex' and 'unstructured' networking) are changing the way we develop and apply our future systems and services at home and on local, national and global scales. Whatever the interconnection - a WiMAX enabled networked mobile vehicle, MEMS or nanotechnology enabled distributed sensor systems, Vehicular Ad hoc Networking (VANET) or Mobile Ad hoc Networking (MANET) - all can be classified under new networking s

  14. Roman Theatres; Comparison of acoustic measurements and simulation results from Aspendos Theatre, Turkey

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Gade, Anders; Nielsen, Martin Lisa; Christensen, Claus Lynge

    2004-01-01

    Room acoustic measurements have been carried out in the best preserved of all Roman theatres, the Aspendos Theatre in Turkey. The results are compared with simulated values from a rough as well as a very detailed ODEON model of the theatre.......Room acoustic measurements have been carried out in the best preserved of all Roman theatres, the Aspendos Theatre in Turkey. The results are compared with simulated values from a rough as well as a very detailed ODEON model of the theatre....

  15. Object Theatre in Design Education

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Buur, Jacob; Friis, Preben

    2015-01-01

    In a quest to improve our design teaching we experiment with the theatre genre of Object Theatre. We employ techniques from object theatre to challenge current thinking about product agency, movement and meaning, the spatial location, and the social settings of products. At the end of the project...... our graduate design students create a post-dramatic performance that engages an audience in experiencing and exploring the product concepts they create. Our experiences show that it helps us educate young designers in the abilities to take other perspectives than their own (in particular...... that of the ‘object’), and to ‘act before they think’ rather than try to plan everything ahead. It also challenges both the students and ourselves to shift from a distanced ‘aboutness’ to an engaged ‘withness’ of how we think of design. The work with Object Theatre seems important in two respects: It provides new...

  16. Torture as Theatre in Papua

    National Research Council Canada - National Science Library

    Budi Hernawan

    2016-01-01

    ...; it is also surrounded by virtually complete impunity and denial. This article analyses torture through a Foucauldian perspective and conceptualizes torture as "theatre" in order to fill the gap of understanding state violence in Papua...

  17. Video prototype of the interactive operating theatre

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    2005-01-01

    theatre. Based on the findings from our field work, we have built the ActiveTheatre, a C&A prototype. ActiveTheatre is built to support collaboration in and around the operating theatre, to capture events instead of automatically capturing eve- rything, and to be integrated with existing applications...... already present in the operation theatre. The ActiveTheatre prototype has been developed in close co- operation with surgeons and nurses at a local hospital. The work on the proto- type and our initial evaluations have provided an insight into how to design, capture and access applications that are going...

  18. The business of theatre and the theatre of business | Iji | Global ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Both ideally shun entertainment-for-entertainment sake per se. In other words, the business of theatre emphasizes humanistic elements, while the theatre of business emphasizes monetary benefits predominantly. For instance, community and educational theatres belong to the business of theatre. Cultural productions of ...

  19. The hybrid theatre

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gillen, Ron

    2008-02-01

    Ever since the first movie picture house was opened, experiencing the unique cinematic experience has constantly evolved. Technological advances continually guarantee that more changes will happen to create the ultimate cinematic experience. Cinema has been reincarnated time after time, from the first hand cranked silent movie to the modern day Digital Cinema. The technology used to depict the story changes; along with that change is the human thirst for a better transformation, for a more enjoyable, more encompassing, more believable, more immersive, yet simultaneously a more bewitching, entertainment experience. "In this volatile business of ours, we can ill afford to rest on our laurels, even to pause in retrospect. Times and conditions change so rapidly that we must keep our aim constantly focused on the future." --Walt Disney. 1 It has been said that "content is king". By itself, that implies a disservice to the technology that supports it. Without the technology, the content could not exist. In today's digital society; a movie can be downloaded to a handheld playback device the moment it is released. Offering these services at a cheap rate would enable studios to stay ahead of the curve, virtually eliminate video piracy and create the ability to deliver first class uncompromised content. It's only a matter of time when new released movies would be distributed this way too and people are given the choice to view in the comfort of their own homes, hand held device or view at a local theatre.

  20. Theatre Tempus Tic Tac

    CERN Multimedia

    2008-01-01

    A serious but comical look at time: How long is a quarter of an hour when you’re falling asleep in your theatre seat? What is a minute of silence for a deaf person? What are three minutes for an egg? On the stage an actor covers in one hour (no more, no less!) the questions that are almost bound to arise when we talk about time: linear time/ circular time, absolute time/relative time, history of time measurement, instant/duration, scientific time/conscious time, irreversibility of time, notion of space time… The points of view from which these subjects are explored are varied (as befits such a deep subject!): philosophy, mathematics, history, physics, literature, etc... Thursday, 19 June 2008 at 8.00 p.m. Tempus Tic Tac The Vue sur la mer company with Roland Depauw, produced by Stéphane Verrue The Globe, first floor No specialist knowledge required. Entrance free. To reserve call + 41 (0) 22 767 76 76 http://www...

  1. Recalling Memories Through Reminiscence Theatre

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Rikke Gürgens Gjærum

    2013-12-01

    Full Text Available The purpose of this article is to study how a reminiscence theatre production develops dramaturgically, and to discuss what impact it has on the participants who take part in the project “The aged as a resource”. The theatre performance Number Our Days is visually and verbally presented and interpreted in this article. The reader also gets an opportunity to look at film extracts from the performance in electronic form. The theoretical framing is based on a performative mindset, Ryum’s dramaturgic model, Ranciere’s view on the emancipated spectator, Turner and Behrndt’s devising theatre universe, Saldana’s ethnodrama method and Ricoeur’s perspective of the capable and relational human being who builds their own narrative identity through communication.

  2. BRECHT'S EPIC THEATRE AS A MODERN AVANT-GARDE AND ITS INFLUENCE ON POSTMODERN THEATRE/DRAMA

    OpenAIRE

    Ribut Basuki

    2002-01-01

    As one of the most influential figures in theatre, Bertolt Brecht has stamped his legacy in the world theatre. His search for a new kind of theatre made his theatre a modern avant-garde which has left its traces in postmodern theatres. This paper tries to investigate Brecht's epic theatre as a modern avant-garde and its influence in postmodern theatre. His epic theatre was in fact a revolt against the main stream modern theatre in which Brecht openly declares that theatre should be 'pol...

  3. BRECHT'S EPIC THEATRE AS A MODERN AVANT-GARDE AND ITS INFLUENCE ON POSTMODERN THEATRE/DRAMA

    OpenAIRE

    Ribut Basuki

    2002-01-01

    As one of the most influential figures in theatre, Bertolt Brecht has stamped his legacy in the world theatre. His search for a new kind of theatre made his theatre a modern avant-garde which has left its traces in postmodern theatres. This paper tries to investigate Brecht's epic theatre as a modern avant-garde and its influence in postmodern theatre. His epic theatre was in fact a revolt against the main stream modern theatre in which Brecht openly declares that theatre should be 'political...

  4. The theatre of high-fidelity simulation education.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Roberts, Debbie; Greene, Leah

    2011-10-01

    High-fidelity simulation is a useful mechanism to aid progression, development and skill acquisition in nurse education. However, nurse lecturers are daunted by sophisticated simulation technology. This paper presents a new method of introducing human patient simulation to students and educators, whilst seeking to demystify the roles, responsibilities and underpinning pedagogy. The analogy of simulation as theatre outlines the concepts of the theatre and stage (simulation laboratory); the play itself (Simulated Clinical Experience, SCE); the actors (nursing students); audience (peer review panel); director (session facilitator); and the production team (technical coordinators). Performing in front of people in a safe environment, repeated practice and taking on a new role teaches students to act, think and be like a nurse. This in turn supports student learning and enhances self confidence. Copyright © 2010 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

  5. Punk rock as popular theatre

    OpenAIRE

    Double, Oliver

    2007-01-01

    Punk rock performance consciously draws on popular theatre forms like music hall and\\ud stand-up comedy, as exemplified by the occasion when Max Wall appeared with Ian Dury\\ud at the Hammersmith Odeon. Oliver Double traces the historical and stylistic connections\\ud between punk, music hall and stand-up, and argues that punk shows can be considered a\\ud form of popular theatre in their own right. He examines a wide range of punk bands and\\ud performers- including Sex Pistols, Iggy Pop, Devo, ...

  6. The Kaplan-Meier theatre

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Gerds, Thomas Alexander

    2016-01-01

    Survival probabilities are not straightforward toobtain when observation periods of individuals differ in length. The Kaplan–Meier theatre is a classroom activity, which starts by a data collection exercise where students imagine sailing on the Titanic. Several students ‘fall in the water’ where....... The Kaplan–Meier method assumes that censored individuals have the same survival chances as the individuals who are still observed. During the Kaplan–Meier theatre, students perform a clever algorithm (Efron 1967), which translates the assumption into action and results in the Kaplan–Meier estimate...

  7. Stagecoach Theatre Schools: England's Franchised Musical Theatre Training.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Heinig, Ruth Beall

    2001-01-01

    Describes how a student at Stagecoach (a private arts school), by securing the lead role in the film "Billy Elliot," encouraged other British boys to enroll in ballet and dance classes as well as Stagecoach Theatre Arts Schools. Present locations and international links for Stagecoach schools. Describes how the Stagecoach schools are run…

  8. The Democratic Potential of Theatre Talks

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Hansen, Louise Ejgod

    2014-01-01

    The article discusses and analyses the democratic potential of theatre-going within the framework of cultural policy. Theoretically the article is based on three different approaches: theatre research on the link between theatre and democracy, cultural policy research on the strategy...... of democratization of culture and the democracy theory by James S. Fishkin. The analysis is based on the empirical material of 31 theatre talks carried through as a part of an audience development project and is focused on four different aspects of the democratic potential of theatre: First, how the theatre talks...... give the participants the opportunity to reflect on the experience and thus gain a better understanding of the theatrical event. Second, the importance of the social setting of the theatrical event and thus of creating a save frame for new theatre visitors. Thirdly the article provides a critical...

  9. Professional Development in the Context of a Head Start Theatre-in-Education Program

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mages, Wendy K.

    2012-01-01

    This study describes a Head Start teacher professional development program conducted by a well-respected theatre-in-education organization. The professional development program provided teachers with opportunities to observe and participate in classroom drama sessions, introduced them to drama strategies and techniques, and guided them through a…

  10. A Distributed Theatre with Shakespeare

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    D. Williams; I. Kegel; M. Ursu; P.S. Cesar Garcia (Pablo Santiago); E. Geelhoed; M. Frantzis; B. Scott; A. Horti; A.J. Jansen (Jack)

    2015-01-01

    htmlabstractThis paper reports on an experimental production of The Tempest that was developed in collaboration with Miracle Theatre Company realised as a distributed performance from two separate stages through a dynamically configured telepresence system. The production allowed an exploration of

  11. August Strindberg theatre-maker

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Chemi, Tatiana

    2005-01-01

    Review of the only Italian monographic study based on original texts about August Strindberg: August Strindberg il teatro della vita (August Strindberg the theatre of life), published in 1990 by Laterza and revised and updated in 2003 (publisher: Iperborea, Milano). By one of the most remarkable...

  12. Wireless Ad Hoc Networks

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Hong-Chuan Yang

    2007-01-01

    Full Text Available We study the energy-efficient configuration of multihop paths with automatic repeat request (ARQ mechanism in wireless ad hoc networks. We adopt a cross-layer design approach and take both the quality of each radio hop and the battery capacity of each transmitting node into consideration. Under certain constraints on the maximum tolerable transmission delay and the required packet delivery ratio, we solve optimization problems to jointly schedule the transmitting power of each transmitting node and the retransmission limit over each hop. Numerical results demonstrate that the path configuration methods can either significantly reduce the average energy consumption per packet delivery or considerably extend the average lifetime of the multihop route.

  13. Teaching ethics in the operating theatre by small group teaching.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Johnston, Carolyn

    2010-12-01

    Ethics is an important topic for theatre staff. They work in a multidisciplinary team usually with an unconscious patient. Ethical dilemmas can often arise during elective and emergency surgery. The teaching of ethics for this arena is often neglected in favour of covering other surgical skills. There is some evidence from studies of surgical specialties that doctors do not feel confident in applying their training in ethics in the clinical environment. This paper suggests a format and describes teaching tools for conducting classroom small group teaching sessions on ethics suitable for the whole theatre team. It outlines some strategies that can be used to stimulate debate, and suggested ground rules to run the session smoothly. Teaching of ethics at undergraduate level can be reinforced by such small group sessions during clinical placements. A short time spent in the classroom discussing such issues is of great benefit to medical staff and patients in this often forgotten, but vitally important topic. © Blackwell Publishing Ltd 2010.

  14. Sign-Language Theatre and Deaf Theatre: New Definitions and Directions. Center on Deafness Publication Series No. 2.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Miles, Dorothy S.; Fant, Louie J., Jr.

    Offered are guidelines to the development of theatre for, by, and about deaf persons. Various terms used for sign-language theatre and deaf theatre are defined and discussed in an introductory section, and the use of sign language as a theatrical medium is explained. The production of theatre is covered by sections on the history of deaf theatre,…

  15. Breakout Sessions

    CERN Multimedia

    CERN. Geneva

    2004-01-01

    Participants are split into small groups for detailed discussion on their chosen topic. To register please click on 'See details' link from the agenda and then on the link to send an email to the session for which you would like to book. Please don't change the subject line of the email.

  16. How can we maximize the use of our operating lists? An analysis of factors influencing theatre efficiency in oculoplastic day surgery.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Nagendran, Sonali T; Siah, We Fong; Litwin, Andre; Barbosa, Christine; Jayatilake, Jan; Malhotra, Raman

    2016-12-01

    Operating theatre utilization has become the principal measure of NHS operating theatre service performance. We analysed data from oculoplastic theatres in a tertiary centre to identify factors influencing theatre efficiency. We conducted three audits on operating theatre utilization in 2011, 2014 and 2015. Data was collected from real time information entered into the hospital database, including time of arrival, induction, first cut and close of operation. The primary outcome measure was the operating list utilization rate, a combined value of anaesthetic and surgical time as a proportion of the total planned session time. The initial 2011 audit recorded an operating list utilization rate of 81.2%. However, this dropped to 64.5% in 2014 following new management and a move to a new theatre suite. Analysis of the factors contributing to poor theatre efficiency led to changes that streamlined the patient pathway, including standardized case scheduling and reducing staggered patient arrival. A 2015 reaudit analyzing the effects of these changes demonstrated an increase in the operating list utilization rate to 78%. It was significantly higher (p theatres are a valuable resource and the factors affecting theatre efficiency within our unit are common and will be relevant to units elsewhere. Correcting them can lead to significant improvements in patient care. Data from this study may provide a benchmark for other units in the United Kingdom.

  17. Community theatre as instrument for community sensitisation and ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    2016-03-28

    Mar 28, 2016 ... theatre activities, coupled with the difficulties in sourcing and securing funding for the promotion of conventional theatre activities, ... traditional system, community theatre, environmental protection, sustainable economic development. ..... Representation: Cultural Representation and Signifying Practices.

  18. Poor Theatre: goal or path?

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Lidia Olinto

    2013-03-01

    Full Text Available This article is a critical review of the book Towards a Poor Theatre by Jerzy Grotowski, recently published in Brazil with a new Portuguese version by Ivan Chagas. This book is considered one of the most important works ever written in the field of the Performing Arts, having contributed to setting new standards for theatre as a practice in the late twentieth century. In this review a brief background of the book is presented and its main ideas are briefly described, such as the notions of: ‘poor theater’, ‘holy actor’ and ‘via negativa’. Ivan Chagas’s translation is critically discussed, especially his change of title.

  19. Participatory theatre and tuberculosis: a feasibility study with South African health care workers.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Parent, S N; Ehrlich, R; Baxter, V; Kannemeyer, N; Yassi, A

    2017-02-01

    Health care workers (HCWs) in South Africa have a risk of acquiring tuberculosis (TB) that is twice that of the general population. Nonetheless, adherence to infection control and TB disclosure requirements remain problematic. To gain insight into the feasibility of an educational participatory theatre intervention to reduce the risk of occupational TB. An intervention using participatory theatre was developed progressively over six consecutive sessions with different groups of HCWs, totalling 83 participants. Videos of the sessions, field notes, observations, interviews and a post-experience survey were analysed to ascertain feasibility. The intervention was acceptable to participants, met a defined demand, proved adaptable to the target group and was practical if done during working hours or if integrated into already existing training sessions. The theatre work shed light on where to focus educational interventions. Preliminary efficacy outcomes included strengthened social cohesion via group work and reports of subsequent greater vigilance regarding occupational TB. Participatory theatre techniques may offer a useful, culturally appropriate supplement to existing educational approaches to the prevention and management of occupational TB. Given the limitations in resources and our assessment of feasibility, training existing health care educators in such techniques would be a promising next step.

  20. The operating theatre as classroom: a qualitative study of learning and teaching surgical competencies.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kieu, Violet; Stroud, Leanne; Huang, Paul; Smith, Mitchell; Spychal, Robert; Hunter-Smith, David; Nestel, Debra

    2015-01-01

    There has been a worldwide movement toward competency-based medical education and training. However, this is the first qualitative study to analyze the perceptions of surgical trainees and surgeons toward competency-based education in the operating theatre. We aim to examine views toward the specific learning and teaching of the nine competencies of the Royal Australasian College of Surgeons (RACS) and to explore perceived ideal conditions and challenges for learning and teaching these competencies in the operating theatre. Individual semi-structured interviews with surgical trainees and surgeons in the specialty of General Surgery. Ten surgical trainees and surgeons who worked together were purposively sampled, for maximum variation, from an outer metropolitan public hospital in Melbourne, Australia, to identify emergent themes relating to learning and teaching surgical competencies in the operating theatre. Five themes were identified as: (1) Learning and teaching specific surgical competencies is through relationship based mentoring and experiential learning; (2) Ideal conditions and challenges in the operating theatre are availability of time and personal attitude; (3) Level of pre-operative briefing was variable; (4) Intra-operative teaching is perceived as structured; and, (5) Post-operative debriefing is recognized as ideal but not consistently performed. Professional relationships are important to both surgical trainees and surgeons in the process of learning and teaching competencies. Ad hoc apprenticeship style learning is perceived to remain prominent in the operating theatre. Sufficient time for training is valued by both groups. The surgical competencies are inherently different to each other. Some appear more difficult to learn and teach in the operating theatre, with technical expertise most readily identified and health advocacy least so. Elements of guided discovery learning and other educational models are described. Further emphasis on structured

  1. Translating Shakespeare for the theatre Translating Shakespeare for the theatre

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jean-Michel Déprats

    2008-04-01

    Full Text Available Translate Shakespeare for the theatre? The question is not purely rhetorical. In his Memoires, Jean Vilar, speaking of his work as an actor, raises the question of whether it is even possible to translate dramatic texts: Macbeth. Whilst learning my part alone at home in the morning, I keep on saying to myself , ‘Never again will I perform translated plays, not even those of Shakespeare.’ Translations either emasculate the original so that the actors may ‘utter’ a French which is straightforward, or at least authentic, or force us to chew up and spit out a stodgy French, weighed down by the burden of the English. My friend Curtis, the translator, can’t help it. Remaining faithful to the original text makes the French prose heavy, but to stray from the original is a crime. So what can we do? (131 This dilemma, so accurately put into words by Vilar, brings us to the question: when translating a Shakespeare play for performance, must we incorporate into our work aims which curtail the usual demands of translation? What is specific about translating for the theatre? Or rather, what demands must a French translation of a dramatic text meet if it is to make performance possible? Translate Shakespeare for the theatre? The question is not purely rhetorical. In his Memoires, Jean Vilar, speaking of his work as an actor, raises the question of whether it is even possible to translate dramatic texts: Macbeth. Whilst learning my part alone at home in the morning, I keep on saying to myself , ‘Never again will I perform translated plays, not even those of Shakespeare.’ Translations either emasculate the original so that the actors may ‘utter’ a French which is straightforward, or at least authentic, or force us to chew up and spit out a stodgy French, weighed down by the burden of the English. My friend Curtis, the translator, can’t help it. Remaining faithful to the original text makes the French prose heavy

  2. Theatre, Life Skills and Participatory Learning | Chivandikwa ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    This article describes and evaluates the educational work being undertaken by. Students Partnership Worldwide (SPW) which is an international organisation specialising in life skills education to school children in rural areas. The article examines theatre-related programmes in which the organisation makes use of theatre ...

  3. How did the ancient Roman Theatres sound?

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Nielsen, Martin Lisa; Rindel, Jens Holger; Gade, Anders Christian

    2005-01-01

    The Roman theatre follows a natural evolution from the Greek theatre combining the acting area and the seating area into a single structure. Modifications of stage, orchestra and seating area have resulted in a considerable improvement in the quality of the acoustics. As a part of the ERATO project...

  4. Participatory dramaturgy in theatre for development | Makhumula ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    This study is an inquiry in dramaturgy when analysed in a creative environment where participation and collaboration form the essence of the theatre. The paper focuses on the devising process in Theatre for Development (TfD). Most inquiries in TfD are often resultoriented, such that they tend to focus on “development”, ...

  5. Physical Theatre Education: Beyond Knowledge Transfer

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gaines, Andrew M.

    2016-01-01

    Teaching physical theatre successfully relies on a reverence for the human soul in order to cultivate risk-forward embodiment while demanding technical precision. In an effort to illuminate such praxis, this article documents and analyzes the experiences of novice physical theatre performers guided by master teaching artist and performer, Dr.…

  6. Facilitating Learning Spaces in Forum Theatre

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rae, Jan

    2013-01-01

    Purpose: The purpose of this paper is to evaluate the extent to which forum theatre interventions can support non-hierarchical approaches to learning, development and change management initiatives in organisations. Design/methodology/approach: Semi-structured interviews were carried out with theatre consultancies, actors/facilitators,…

  7. Negotiating the relationship between theatre and policy

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Hansen, Louise Ejgod

    The autonomy of the theatrical field is influenced by the political field which aims not only to enhance the societal value of theatre but also to protect autonomy. Examples from different European countries will illustrate that this paradoxical relationship between theatre and policy can...

  8. Secondary School Students' Opinions about Readers' Theatre

    Science.gov (United States)

    Karabag, S. Gulin

    2015-01-01

    In this article, a teaching strategy which not only blends yesterday and today in a meaningful way but also powerfully integrates literacy and history will be examined. Firstly Readers' Theatre as a technique will be introduced. Secondly, the usage guidelines of Readers' Theatre will be presented. Finally the opinions of secondary school students…

  9. Theatre Practice and Social Adjustment in Nigeria

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Nneka Umera-Okeke

    of inventions. The theatre presents material history and material culture production. The artifacts, props, costumes, songs, dances and various stage effects are products of the culture and the evidence of the material culture or science and technology of the people. Festivals and other forms of theatre practices draw attention ...

  10. Lateral bias in theatre-seat choice.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Harms, Victoria; Reese, Miriam; Elias, Lorin J

    2014-01-01

    Examples of behavioural asymmetries are common in the range of human behaviour; even when faced with a symmetrical environment people demonstrate reliable asymmetries in behaviours like gesturing, cradling, and even seating. One such asymmetry is the observation that participants tend to choose seats to the right of the screen when asked to select their preferred seating location in a movie theatre. However, these results are based on seat selection using a seating chart rather than examining real seat choice behaviour in the theatre context. This study investigated the real-world seating patterns of theatre patrons during actual film screenings. Analysis of bias scores calculated using photographs of theatre patrons revealed a significant bias to choose seats on the right side of the theatre. These findings are consistent with the prior research in the area and confirm that the seating bias observed when seats are selected from a chart accurately reflects real-world seating behaviour.

  11. Radical Theatre in Contemporary Nigeria: A Review of the ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    The practice of radical theatre in the world generally has taken different dimensions in other to achieve different results by different scholars. In Nigeria and most countries of the world, radical theatre is gradually been metamorphosed into community theatre or theatre for development. This paper is a review of the ...

  12. Sea Training at Maritime Academies Oversight. Hearings Before the Ad Hoc Select Subcommittee on Maritime Education and Training of the Committee on Merchant Marine and Fisheries, House of Representatives, Ninety-Sixth Congress, Second Session on Sea Training of United States Merchant Marine Officers and Different Ways of Satisfying This Requirement at the Various Maritime Academies.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Congress of the U.S., Washington, DC. House Committee on Merchant Marine and Fisheries.

    Recorded are minutes of hearings before the House Ad Hoc Select Subcommittee on Maritime Education and Training regarding the sea training of United States Merchant Marine officers. Examined are various approaches to meeting the sea training requirement, especially the options of maritime academy training vessels, sailing on U.S.-flag merchant…

  13. The Laboratory Theatre Spectator’s Paradox

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Bénédicte Boisson

    2013-03-01

    Full Text Available This article focuses on the concept of spectator in the Laboratory Theatre of Jerzy Grotowski, a complex and ever evolving idea. If Grotowski sought, throughout various spectacles of the Laboratory Theatre, to create a true encounter between actors and spectators – whose relationship is at the centre of his theatre – he quickly put into question the efficiency of the spectator’s participation and of the merging of scenic and audience spaces. The encounter he sought to foster in spectacles such as The Constant Prince or Akropolis consisted in keeping the spectators away from what they saw, insisting on the specific stance of the latter.

  14. Theatre

    CERN Multimedia

    Théâtre les 50

    2010-01-01

    Offrez un cadeau culturel   Le Théâtre Les 50 de Saint Jean de Gonville propose des places de théâtre comme cadeau de Noël ou de Nouvel An Les spectacles de janvier :  LA SŒUR CADETTE DE LA POMPADOUR    - ARAGON CHANTE ET PARLE : Ferré, Ferrat, Brassens Vous trouverez tous les détails des spectacles sur le site : www.theatreles50.fr Pour plus de renseignements sur cette offre vous pouvez nous envoyer un mail ou nous téléphoner :  contact@theatreles50.fr  -  00 33 (0)450 56 37 77  

  15. Theatre

    CERN Multimedia

    Théâtre les 50

    2010-01-01

    MARIONNETTES Compagnie Stella Rossa   Dimanche 12 décembre à 15h et 17h Costanza Solari vient enchanter les grands et les petits à partir de 3 ans avec 4 histoires   Séance de 15 heures : « Une histoire de feu, une histoire de chaleur, une histoire de dragon » Il faut vite faire quelque chose pour réchauffer une grand-mère qui a froid. Après avoir tout essayé, la seule solution pour Mia sera de trouver un dragon qui veuille bien lui céder un peu de son feu… « La princesse et la balle d’or » Il arriva que la balle d’or, au lieu de revenir dans sa main, tomba sur le sol et roula tout droit dans l’eau. La princesse la suivit des yeux, mais la balle disparut : la fontaine était si profonde qu’on n’en voyait pas le fond… Séance de 17 heures : « N...

  16. Popular Theatre and the Guatemalan Peace Process

    National Research Council Canada - National Science Library

    Michael Millar

    2006-01-01

    Latin American popular theatre moved away from entertainment and toward consciousness-raising throughout the twentieth century as socio-political criticism and calls for action replaced such notions...

  17. Play, theatre and early childhood education. The theatre play «Kubik» and its pedagogical-artistic value

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Amaia ÁLVAREZ-URIA

    2015-05-01

    Full Text Available This article analyzes Kubik, a theatre play for children 1 to 3 yearold, conducted by the theatre company Teatro Paraíso: it’s appropriate communicatively, they prepare very thorough fully the space, and the scenic tools are suitable for the children. And they do it taking in to account the adequacy of the play for an infant public (1-3 year-old which historically hasn’t been considered in theatre, and the fact that this theatrical play is based on action and pleasure, in other words, on the play, meaning playful action, predominant in children’s life as well as the base for children learning and dramatic arts. These reasons reinforce the idea that Kubik is a novel and attractive resource for the educational community, and also, it facilitates the integral education to children of this age. The research is designed from a qualitative point of view, with the collected voices of the teachers in the formative sessions, the field notes from diverse representations and the later evaluation of the adult public, all of this captured in a categorical system provided by the NVivo8 program. It focuses on describing and evaluating, from a pedagogical point of view, the contextualization of the play, the pedagogical tools used, and the interaction between play and movement. Therefore, Kubik is a good pedagogical tool, and an adequate way to initiate children in the artistic education, because allows the identification and the nearness with children and the connection with their development phase, which uses the exploration, the object manipulation and the pleasure for action.

  18. Family Fathers Lost in Theatre Paradox

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Kuhlmann, Annelis

    2008-01-01

    Diderot's influence on theatre is well known through The Paradox of Acting (Paradoxe sur le comédien). However, Diderot also wrote a few drames bourgeois, among which is The Family Father (Le Père de famille), which still in Diderot's days was edited in Copenhagen in French, and which in Danish...... theatre reception turned out to become a real drama....

  19. Fire safety in the eye theatre

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Brian R Savage

    2013-05-01

    Full Text Available Fire in the eye theatre is, fortunately, a rare occurrence. Should there be an outbreak of fire, however, there is serious risk of injury to patients, who because of blindness and age may be less able to make a quick escape, also to staff and students, especially at times of greater risk (e.g. if the theatre is busy and crowded.

  20. Street Theatre as Democratic Politics in Ahmedabad

    OpenAIRE

    Johnston, Caleb; Bajrange, Dakxin

    2014-01-01

    This work examines the politicized use of street theatre by an adivasi (indigenous) community in the city of Ahmedabad, India. We consider Chharas’ deployment of theatre as a socio-spatial tactic in two interlocking registers: first, as a means through which to enact a re-scripting of criminalized subjectivity in the post-colonial moment; second and equally, to advance the practice and potential for democratic politics—a space for constructive encounter and dialogue across difference. We argu...

  1. Photography as a Witness of Theatre

    OpenAIRE

    Dondero, Maria Giulia

    2008-01-01

    My paper investigates the meeting of theatre and photography in ‘theatre photography’. Recognizing that both art forms can determine theoretical and philosophical views on representation and self-representation, I aim to compare their visual strategies and the way they construct point of view. In the process several questions are raised: do qualities of photographs belong to objects photographed or to photographs themselves? How important is the object that ‘triggers’ the view? Should the the...

  2. Distributed Theatre: Connecting (with) Remote Audiences

    OpenAIRE

    Cesar Garcia, Pablo Santiago; Jansen, Jack; Geelhoed, E.; Williams, D; Kegel, I.; Ursu, M.; Wang, Chen

    2015-01-01

    htmlabstractIn September 2014, Miracle Theatre performed “the Tempest” simultaneously at two different locations to two separate audiences. Both audiences were linked together using an advanced video system, where several cameras captured the play. This is just one example of the radical shift in performing arts, where small theatre companies can use the Internet and a range of digital tools for reaching a wider remote audience. During the last years, we have explored how tele-presence has an...

  3. Drama/Theatre in Education and Theatre as an Academic Discipline ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    user

    2013-07-07

    Jul 7, 2013 ... Theatre-in-Education / Drama in Education. Theatre in education or Drama in education according to the. Wikipedia Encyclopedia (2013) is the use of drama techniques to support learning in the classroom. Drama in education was at first called creative dramatics by Winifred Ward. By creative dramatics.

  4. Theatre Safari in East Africa: An Exploration of Theatre in Kenya.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hutchinson, P. William

    Six months of observation--at two universities, at a drama festival, and with several independent theatre companies--form the basis for this evaluation of theatre in Kenya, Africa. While Kenyan dramas deal with a variety of themes, the majority are topical rather than universal in their treatment of issues. In many, the emphasis is on the…

  5. From Mainstream Theatres to Synergy Theatre Project: Black Men's Participation in "Urban" Plays in Prison

    Science.gov (United States)

    Goddard, Lynette

    2013-01-01

    This paper compares how urban-themed black British playwriting can be understood within mainstream and applied theatre contexts. The paper first examines the focus of the mainstream theatre's education packs for productions of Kwame Kwei-Armah's "Elmina's Kitchen" and Roy Williams's "Fallout" before exploring how black men's…

  6. Interruptions and distractions in the gynaecological operating theatre: irritating or dangerous?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Yoong, Wai; Khin, Ayemon; Ramlal, Navin; Loabile, Bogadi; Forman, Stephen

    2015-01-01

    Distractions and interference can include visual (e.g. staff obscuring monitors), audio (e.g. noise, irrelevant communication) and equipment problems. Level of distraction is usually defined as I: relatively inconsequential; II: > one member of the surgical team affected; III: the entire surgical team affected. The aim of this study was to observe the frequency and impact of distracting events and interruptions on elective gynaecology cases. Data from 35 cases were collected from 10 consecutive operating sessions. Mean number of interruptions was 26 episodes/case, while mean number of level II/III distractions was 17 episodes/case. Ninety per cent of interruptions occur in the first 30 minutes of the procedure and 80.9% lead to level II/III distraction. Although no complications were directly attributable to the observed distractions, the mean prolongation of operating time was 18.46 minutes/case. Understanding their effects on theatre environment enables appropriate measures to be taken so that theatre productivity and patient safety are optimised. This observational study of 35 elective cases shows a mean interruption rate of 26 episodes/case with 80.9% affecting > one member of operating team, leading to mean prolongation of 18.46 minutes/case. Theatre staff should be aware of these findings and appropriate measures taken to optimise theatre productivity and patient safety.

  7. Evolution of the anatomical theatre in Padova.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Macchi, Veronica; Porzionato, Andrea; Stecco, Carla; De Caro, Raffaele

    2014-01-01

    The anatomical theatre played a pivotal role in the evolution of medical education, allowing students to directly observe and participate in the process of dissection. Due to the increase of training programs in clinical anatomy, the Institute of Human Anatomy at the University of Padova has renovated its dissecting room. The main guidelines in planning a new anatomical theatre included: (1), the placement of the teacher and students on the same level in a horizontal anatomical theatre where it is possible to see (theatre) and to perform (dissecting room); (2), in the past, dissection activities were concentrated at the center of the theatre, while in the new anatomical theatre, such activities have been moved to the periphery through projection on surrounding screens-thus, students occupy the center of the theatre between the demonstration table, where the dissection can be seen in real time, and the wall screens, where particular aspects are magnified; (3), three groups of tables are placed with one in front with two lateral flanking tables in regards to the demonstration table, in a semicircular arrangement, and not attached to the floor, which makes the room multifunctional for surgical education, medical students and physician's continued professional development courses; (4), a learning station to introduce the students to the subject of the laboratory; (5), cooperation between anatomists and architects in order to combine the practical needs of a dissection laboratory with new technologies; (6), involvement of the students, representing the clients' needs; and (7), creation of a dissecting room of wide measurements with large windows, since a well-illuminated space could reduce the potentially negative psychological impact of the dissection laboratory on student morale. © 2014 American Association of Anatomists.

  8. Archives: Creative Artist: A Journal of Theatre and Media Studies

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Items 1 - 14 of 14 ... Archives: Creative Artist: A Journal of Theatre and Media Studies. Journal Home > Archives: Creative Artist: A Journal of Theatre and Media Studies. Log in or Register to get access to full text downloads.

  9. Discovering emotional honesty through devised theatre.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hayes, Peter; Cantillon, Peter; Hafler, Max

    2014-04-01

    Despite many calls for a focus on supporting the development of doctors as individuals, many curricula are still characterised by an emphasis on the transmission of predefined knowledge, skills and values. Special study modules (SSMs) were introduced to ensure some element of student selection based on personal interests. We present our experience of an SSM designed to introduce students to drama, as a way of exploring the profession of medicine and their own development as doctors. We created a 3-week, full-time SSM, based on a devised theatre model for fourth-year medical students in an Irish medical school. This article describes the processes and outcomes of our devised theatre SSM. A devised piece is not a conventional theatre play, but a theatrical event created from the contributions of all participants, based around a central theme. We found that a devised theatre approach helped students to explore personal perspectives on the profession of medicine, healing and their development as doctors. It then allowed them to perform their insights before an audience of their peers. By participating, the students developed an emotional honesty with them-selves and with each other. They thought and wrote about their chosen profession. They also learned about physical and interpersonal discipline, ethical issues, teamwork and acquired some lifelong skills. Our experience as evidenced by the students' reflective diaries suggests that devised theatre offers potential as a means of encouraging the personal and professional development of medical students. © 2014 John Wiley & Sons Ltd.

  10. How is time used within the orthopaedic trauma theatre?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rymaruk, Sophy; Buch, Keyur

    2015-10-01

    Theatre efficiency has gained increasing attention though the Productive Operating Theatre (TPOT) initiative from the NHS Institute for Innovation and Improvement. However, literature specifically exploring how time is used within theatre is limited. Running a theatre is expensive and so it is essential to maximise efficiency (NHS III2009). A retrospective review of trauma lists in two district general hospitals has identified areas where time is wasted and highlighted areas for improvement.

  11. The Kazan Tatar Theatre From the Begining To 1917

    OpenAIRE

    Kamalıeva, Alsu

    2008-01-01

    The Kazan Tatar Theatre consists of a very rich historical background. The earliest national theatre plays are seen in the folk plays called Sabantuy. And in its modern concept (meaning), the Kazan Tatar Theatre is the Pioneer of the improvement among the Turkish people under the Russian sovereignity. By 1917, the Kazan Tatar theatre enlighted the people by forming the Lightening Current, in expanding this idol which once became of Idil-Uralic Tatarians, in training and educating the audience...

  12. Ad-hoc networking towards seamless communications

    CERN Document Server

    Gavrilovska, Liljana

    2006-01-01

    Ad-Hoc Networking Towards Seamless Communications is dedicated to an area that attracts growing interest in academia and industry and concentrates on wireless ad hoc networking paradigm. The persistent efforts to acquire the ability to establish dynamic wireless connections from anywhere to anyone with any device without prerequisite imbedded infrastructure move the communications boundaries towards ad-hoc networks. Recently, ad hoc networking has attracted growing interest due to advances in wireless communications, and developed framework for running IP based protocols. The expected degree of penetration of these networks will depend on the successful resolution of the key features. Ad-hoc networks pose many complex and open problems for researchers. Ad-Hoc Networking Towards Seamless Communications reveals the state-of-the-art in wireless ad-hoc networking and discusses some of the key research topics that are expected to promote and accelerate the commercial applications of these networks (e.g., MAC, rout...

  13. The Theatre Artiste as Agent of Development | Agbasiere | AFRREV ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    This paper examines the Theatre Artiste and his functions that contribute to societal development. Qualitative analysis method was used in examining the relevant of the theatre in achieving developmental goals. The author observed that the theatre plays crucial roles in mass mobilization for rural urban development.

  14. From Republicans to Hacktivists: Recent Inclusion Initiatives in Canadian Theatre

    Science.gov (United States)

    Johnston, Kirsty

    2017-01-01

    Could targeted inclusion initiatives press Canada's professional theatre community to tap the vast reserve of disabled people disenfranchised by its current practices? In 2015/2016, several long-standing professional institutions dedicated to fostering Canadian theatre joined with Canadian disability theatre artists in order to mark and understand…

  15. A Preliminary Investigation of Current Practices in American Youth Theatres.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Regan, F. Scott

    1983-01-01

    Summarizes results of a survey of youth theatres on (1) theatre goals; (2) staff training and courses offered; (3) organization and funds; and (4) teachers' knowledge of actor training, child and adolescent psychology, playwriting trends in children's theatre, and current theoretical writings. (PD)

  16. The Sculptural Elements in Kwagh-Hir Popular Theatre: The ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Kwagh-hir theatre is a dynamic theatre of the Tiv people of Central Nigeria. It is also a puppet theatre. It features both giant puppets (ubermeronmettes) and smaller ones which are manipulatable on mobile platforms. In addition to this, Kwagh –hir features masquerade displays of both animal and human representations, ...

  17. The "Invisible" Drama/Theatre in Education Curriculum in Kenya

    Science.gov (United States)

    Joseph, Christopher Odhiambo

    2016-01-01

    This vignette presents the state of theatre in Education Kenya. The paper argues that though there are several theatre in education like practices, these have not been entrenched in the school curriculum. Theatre in Education finds expression and manifestations outside the mainstream school curriculum for instance in schools and colleges drama…

  18. The Young Audience: Exploring and Enhancing Children's Experiences of Theatre

    Science.gov (United States)

    Reason, Matthew

    2010-01-01

    Children's theatre in the UK is thriving. Debates about why children should watch theatre and what educational, emotional and expressive benefits it can provide inform cultural policy on education. Children aged 4-11 are increasingly taken to watch tailored theatre performances, yet there has been virtually no reflective research on what theatre…

  19. The drama of Ahmed Yerima : studies in Nigerian theatre

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Julius-Adeoye, ‘Rantimi Jays

    2013-01-01

    The Drama of Ahmed Yerima. Studies in Nigerian Theatre gives a detailed development of Nigerian theatre from its ritualistic nature in the 16th Century up to the literary form of the 21st century. It looks at the trajectory movement of the theatre through television to cinema and video

  20. Is the data quality of current theatre information systems satisfactory ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Objective: To compare data collection in two theatre log systems to assess usefulness for monitoring an individual surgeon's activity. Design: A retrospective study of a handwritten theatre logbook and a computerised data collection system (Galaxy). Setting: Gynaecology theatres in a district general hospital in the UK.

  1. "Master" versus "Servant": Contradictions in Drama and Theatre Education

    Science.gov (United States)

    Schonmann, Shifra

    2005-01-01

    This paper is a wake-up call, reclaiming the place of the artistic and the aesthetic in theatre and drama education as its core experience. Drama and theatre educators need to remind themselves that although drama is now being viewed as a multileveled discourse, the true appeal and beauty of drama and theatre in education lies in its power to…

  2. The Role of Advertising, Publicity and Public Relations in Theatre ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    The paper notes that the usage of these marketing communication tools in theatre management can bring huge financial success to any organization. Using the National Theatre, Lagos and the Department of Theatre Arts and Mass Communication, University of Benin as examples, the study opines that media advertising is ...

  3. Music and communication in the operating theatre.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Weldon, Sharon-Marie; Korkiakangas, Terhi; Bezemer, Jeff; Kneebone, Roger

    2015-12-01

    To observe the extent and the detail with which playing music can impact on communication in the operating theatre. According to the cited sources, music is played in 53-72% of surgical operations performed. Noise levels in the operating theatre already exceed World Health Organisation recommendations. There is currently a divide in opinions on the playing of music in operating theatres, with few studies conducted and no policies or guidance provided. An ethnographic observational study of teamwork in operating theatres through video recordings. Quantitative and qualitative data analysis approaches were used. This study was conducted between 2012-2013 in the UK. Video recordings of 20 operations over six months in two operating theatres were captured. The recordings were divided into music and non-music playing cases. Each case was logged using a request/response sequence identified through interactional analysis. Statistical analysis, using a χ(2) , explored the difference between the proportion of request repetitions and whether music was playing or not. Further interactional analysis was conducted for each request repetition. Request/response observations (N = 5203) were documented. A chi-square test revealed that repeated requests were five times more likely to occur in cases that played music than those that did not. A repeated request can add 4-68 seconds each to operation time and increased tensions due to frustration at ineffective communication. Music played in the operating theatre can interfere with team communication, yet is seldom recognized as a potential safety hazard. Decisions around whether music is played and around the choice of music and its volume, are determined largely by surgeons. Frank discussions between clinicians, managers, patients and governing bodies should be encouraged for recommendations and guidance to be developed. © 2015 John Wiley & Sons Ltd.

  4. Sputnik: ad hoc distributed computation.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Völkel, Gunnar; Lausser, Ludwig; Schmid, Florian; Kraus, Johann M; Kestler, Hans A

    2015-04-15

    In bioinformatic applications, computationally demanding algorithms are often parallelized to speed up computation. Nevertheless, setting up computational environments for distributed computation is often tedious. Aim of this project were the lightweight ad hoc set up and fault-tolerant computation requiring only a Java runtime, no administrator rights, while utilizing all CPU cores most effectively. The Sputnik framework provides ad hoc distributed computation on the Java Virtual Machine which uses all supplied CPU cores fully. It provides a graphical user interface for deployment setup and a web user interface displaying the current status of current computation jobs. Neither a permanent setup nor administrator privileges are required. We demonstrate the utility of our approach on feature selection of microarray data. The Sputnik framework is available on Github http://github.com/sysbio-bioinf/sputnik under the Eclipse Public License. hkestler@fli-leibniz.de or hans.kestler@uni-ulm.de Supplementary data are available at Bioinformatics online. © The Author 2014. Published by Oxford University Press. All rights reserved. For Permissions, please e-mail: journals.permissions@oup.com.

  5. Post hoc Bayesian model selection.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Friston, Karl; Penny, Will

    2011-06-15

    This note describes a Bayesian model selection or optimization procedure for post hoc inferences about reduced versions of a full model. The scheme provides the evidence (marginal likelihood) for any reduced model as a function of the posterior density over the parameters of the full model. It rests upon specifying models through priors on their parameters, under the assumption that the likelihood remains the same for all models considered. This provides a quick and efficient scheme for scoring arbitrarily large numbers of models, after inverting a single (full) model. In turn, this enables the selection among discrete models that are distinguished by the presence or absence of free parameters, where free parameters are effectively removed from the model using very precise shrinkage priors. An alternative application of this post hoc model selection considers continuous model spaces, defined in terms of hyperparameters (sufficient statistics) of the prior density over model parameters. In this instance, the prior (model) can be optimized with respect to its evidence. The expressions for model evidence become remarkably simple under the Laplace (Gaussian) approximation to the posterior density. Special cases of this scheme include Savage-Dickey density ratio tests for reduced models and automatic relevance determination in model optimization. We illustrate the approach using general linear models and a more complicated nonlinear state-space model. Copyright © 2011 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

  6. Sessions and Session Types: An Overview

    Science.gov (United States)

    Dezani-Ciancaglini, Mariangiola; de'Liguoro, Ugo

    We illustrate the concepts of sessions and session types as they have been developed in the setting of the π-calculus. Motivated by the goal of obtaining a formalisation closer to existing standards and aiming at their enhancement and strengthening, several extensions of the original core system have been proposed, which we survey together with the embodying of sessions into functional and object-oriented languages, as well as some implementations.

  7. Metaphorically Speaking: Possibilities of Theatre Performance in the Digital Age

    OpenAIRE

    Juncan, Ioana

    2012-01-01

    [EN] This essay reflects on the quality of the theatre performance as medium in the digital age through a discussion of the theatre of Peter Handke. The aim is to make manifest and engage with habits of thought and perception shaped by the digital, as well as investigate the ways in which they intersect with habits of thought and perception materialized in and mobilized by theatre performance in the specific case of Handke’s theatre (a theatre created, arguably, at the beginnings of the digit...

  8. Post-Session Authentication

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Ahmed, Naveed; Jensen, Christian D.

    2012-01-01

    . In this paper, we consider the case of post-session authentication, where parties authenticate each other at the end of their interactive session. This use of authentication is different from session-less authentication (e.g., in RFID) and pre-session authentication (e.g., for access control.) Post...

  9. STREET THEATRE - THE THIRD THEATRE: AGENTS FOR SOCIAL ENGINEERING IN INDIA

    OpenAIRE

    Shrimati Das; Rabb, Asha N.

    2012-01-01

    Street Theatre in India, referred to as the 'Third Theatre' as a form of social and cultural communication, is deeply rooted in the Indian tradition. Many complex social issues be it gender related, child labor, imparting knowledge about HIV and AIDS, the need to educate a girl child, social and political systems, dynastic politics, are all enacted through the genre of 'street plays'. There is a'stage discussion' through varying perspectives of a number of characters, bringing an 'immediacy a...

  10. Capital planning for operating theatres based on projecting future theatre requirements.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sheehan, Jennifer A; Tyler, Peter; Jayasinha, Hirani; Meleady, Kathleen T; Jones, Neill

    2011-05-01

    During 2006, NSW and ACT Health Departments jointly engaged KPMG to develop an Operating Theatre Requirements' Projection Model and an accompanying planning guideline. A research scan was carried out to identify drivers of surgical demand, theatre capacity and theatre performance, as well as locating existing approaches to modelling operating theatre requirements for planning purposes. The project delivered a Microsoft Excel-based model for projecting future operating theatre requirements, together with an accompanying guideline for use of the model and interpretation of its outputs. It provides a valuable addition to the suite of tools available to Health staff for service and capital planning. The model operates with several limitations, largely due to being data dependent, and the state and completeness of available theatre activity data. However, the operational flexibility built into the model allows users to compensate for these limitations, on a case by case basis, when the user has access to suitable, local data. The design flexibility of the model means that updating the model as improved data become available is not difficult; resulting in revisions being able to be made quickly, and disseminated to users rapidly.

  11. CINEMA THEATRE, QUALITY CONTROL AND NATION BUILDING ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    NGOZI

    BUILDING: EXAMPLE OF SILVERBIRD CINEMA THEATRE. IN PORT ... The cinema gives a community a more reflective picture than the mirror does to the man. The mirror gives a man his reflection but his right side is presented to him on the left of .... Style Store, Games Arcade and other forms of relaxation are in place for ...

  12. Evaluation of Videotaped and Live Theatre Auditions.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ward, William C.

    Theatre auditions by 24 semifinalists in the 1980 Scholars in the Arts program were evaluated under two conditions. Four judges ranked the live auditions, while five evaluated videotapes of the same performance of the high school seniors. The auditions were videotaped in black and white. A single camera was used, fixed at an intermediate distance…

  13. Modelling Preference Heterogeneity for Theatre Tickets

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Baldin, Andrea; Bille, Trine

    2018-01-01

    to the attributes associated with each ticket alternative (quality of the seat and day of the performance). In addition, the willingness to pay of choice attributes is estimated. Final results suggest that customers’ characteristics in terms of age and frequency of theatre attendance characterize different patterns...

  14. Receive, Reorganize, Return: Theatre as Creative Scholarship

    Science.gov (United States)

    Armstrong, Sara; Braunschneider, Theresa

    2016-01-01

    This article focuses on the use of theatre as a mode of creative scholarship, from the research involved in sketch creation to the presentation of that research to academic audiences. We particularly focus on a specific sketch developed by the CRLT Players--one that explores the consequences of subtle discrimination faced by women scientists in…

  15. The Seeing Place: Talking Theatre and Medicine

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bowman, Deborah; Bowman, Joanna

    2018-01-01

    A Professor of Medical Ethics and a theatre director, also mother and daughter, talk about health, illness, suffering, performance and practice. Using the lenses of ethical and performance theory, they explore what it means to be a patient, a spectator and a practitioner and cover many plays, texts and productions: Samuel Beckett's "Not…

  16. Critical Pedagogies and the Theatre Laboratory

    Science.gov (United States)

    Heron, Jonathan; Johnson, Nicholas

    2017-01-01

    This dialogue contributes reflections on the "theatre laboratory" to the scholarly debate surrounding methodologies of drama education and applied performance. The co-authors suggest that the experimental and ensemble-led approach of the Samuel Beckett Laboratory, founded at Trinity College Dublin in 2013 as a space for research into…

  17. Shakespeare and Reader's Theatre: Fellow Traveling Companions

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ratliff, Gerald Lee

    2010-01-01

    Whether constructed on literary analysis models or inspired by conventional acting theories, Reader's Theatre performance techniques are an invaluable instructional tool available to teachers who want their students to see, hear and feel Shakespeare texts in classroom discussion and performance. These exercises are designed to promote both a…

  18. Performing Refugee Policy in Politics and Theatre

    Science.gov (United States)

    Williams, David

    2008-01-01

    This essay provides a brief account of selected performances of Australian refugee policy in the domains of politics and theatre. In the domain of politics, it considers rhetorical performances by government ministers and military personnel in relation to the so-called "children overboard" scandal of 2001, and the scandal's parliamentary…

  19. Psychological understanding of anthropomorphism in theatre architecture.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Pavelić, D

    1998-12-01

    Traces of collective projective mechanisms in architecture in general are sedimenting for millenniums. Such case is also with theatre, an old institution of a great social importance. This paper discovers anthropomorphic elements of theatrical architecture. They have been transformed through history into patterns outlined and explained by the author.

  20. Evolution of the Anatomical Theatre in Padova

    Science.gov (United States)

    Macchi, Veronica; Porzionato, Andrea; Stecco, Carla; Caro, Raffaele

    2014-01-01

    The anatomical theatre played a pivotal role in the evolution of medical education, allowing students to directly observe and participate in the process of dissection. Due to the increase of training programs in clinical anatomy, the Institute of Human Anatomy at the University of Padova has renovated its dissecting room. The main guidelines in…

  1. Integrating Theatre Arts Techniques into Your Curriculum

    Science.gov (United States)

    McFadden, Lauren Bosworth

    2012-01-01

    The purpose of this study was to examine how the infusion of theatre arts into the language arts and social studies curricula in grades 4 and 5 impacted the cognitive and prosocial development of special populations, as well as the students' attitudes toward learning. An experimental/control group design was employed. Various instruments were used…

  2. Science Theatre as dissemination of environmental awareness

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Chemi, Tatiana; Kastberg, Peter

    2015-01-01

    ) to discuss its clear learning potentials in light of Science Theatre’s specific dramaturgical tools and historical tradition. We maintain that, by means of aesthetic appeal, theatre might be again one of the survival tools human beings need to bridge their lives into the centuries to come....

  3. The cost of trauma operating theatre inefficiency.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ang, W W; Sabharwal, S; Johannsson, H; Bhattacharya, R; Gupte, C M

    2016-05-01

    The National Health Service (NHS) is currently facing a financial crisis with a projected deficit of £2billion by the end of financial year 2015/16. As operating rooms (OR) are one of the costliest components in secondary care, improving theatre efficiency should be at the forefront of efforts to improve health service efficiency. The objectives of this study were to characterize the causes of trauma OR delays and to estimate the cost of this inefficiency. A 1-month prospective single-centre study in St. Mary's Hospital. Turnaround time (TT) was used as the surrogate parameter to measure theatre efficiency. Factors including patient age, ASA score and presence of surgical and anaesthetic consultant were evaluated to identify positive or negative associations with theatre delays. Inefficiency cost was calculated by multiplying the time wasted with staff capacity costs and opportunity costs, found to be £24.77/minute. The commonest causes for increased TT were delays in sending for patients (50%) and problems with patient transport to the OR (31%). 461 min of delay was observed in 12 days, equivalent to loss of £951.58/theatre/day. Non-statistically significant trends were seen between length of delays and advancing patient age, ASA score and absence of either a senior clinician or an anaesthetic consultant. Interestingly, the trend was not as strong for absence of an anaesthetic consultant. This study found delays in operating TT to represent a sizable cost, with potential efficiency savings based on TT of £347,327/theatre/year. Further study of a larger sample is warranted to better evaluate the identified trends.

  4. Theatre as a document of our time

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Krčmar Vesna

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available Theatre performances, produced on the professional scene in Serbia in the past five or six years, seem to be a fine illustration of the theatre as a document of our time. The wars of the nineties that lead to the disintegration of Yugoslavia left traces in young directors and inspired them to create new plays. Furthermore, the massive emigration, a number of problems of the transitional period, the problems of unemployment, addiction-related treatment and rehabilitation, and an abundance of accompanying turmoil of the traumatised society led to creation of current theatre plays which, in a broad range, depict all those 'documents' of present and past time. From the wide spectrum of (younger generation directors' personal styles, the following have been systematized: the works by Boris Liješević- The Waiting Room, Fertile Days, Elijah's Chair; the political theatre of Oliver Frljić - Cowardice, Zoran Đinđić, Aleksandra Zec; Dino Mustafić's work - Born in YU; Ana Grigorović's - Fifty Blows; Boban Skerlić's - They Have Suffered; the work of Sanja Krsmanović Tasić - About the Conscience and Consciousness, and others. Although the aforementioned plays may not completely reflect the overall number of plays created in the society weighed down by many a problem and contradiction, they surely are an indicator that a document from the life itself has managed to find its dramatic expression. What is reassuring is that the society in crisis makes a good and interesting theatre.

  5. Brief Classroom Training Sessions for Workplace Readiness: Are They Effective?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Palesy, Debra

    2017-01-01

    Classroom training sessions for new home care workers (HCWs) are often brief and ad hoc, varying in format and content. Yet the application of this training may be central to worker and client safety. A qualitative approach was adopted for this inquiry, comprising two separate but related practical studies. In the first, exploratory study,…

  6. FINANCING THE THEATRE: THE ROLE OF MANAGEMENT AND THE STATE

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ivana Bestvina Bukvić

    2016-06-01

    Full Text Available At a time when public funding of culture is being reduced and increasing attention is being paid to profitability, it is essential to apply an entrepreneurial mindset and management principles to the guidance and the financing of cultural institutions. This paper focuses on the theatre funding scheme and presents a survey analysing the structure of funding theatres in Croatia by weighting budgetary and commercial funding, as well as analyses possible measures to be implemented in order to improve the theatre funding model. A survey was conducted in 2015, which found that public theatres are predominantly funded by budgetary resources (62.14%, while the most important part of the revenue and income section of private theatres originates from selling their own products and services (43.99%. Theatres believe that budgetary resources still need to remain the dominant sources of funding, but in order to increase the level of operational excellence, a change of direction would be necessary towards one’s own resources, including donations and sponsorships. At the same time, better solutions in terms of increasing tax incentives and tax deductions for both donations and sponsorships would result in an increase in their importance in the financing of theatres. The impact of state action on the funding and operation of theatres is unquestionable, but in theatres there is a need for developing a working knowledge in the fields of management and entrepreneurship in order to gradually reduce dependence, particularly of public theatres, on state action.

  7. Queueing Models for Mobile Ad Hoc Networks

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    de Haan, Roland

    2009-01-01

    This thesis presents models for the performance analysis of a recent communication paradigm: \\emph{mobile ad hoc networking}. The objective of mobile ad hoc networking is to provide wireless connectivity between stations in a highly dynamic environment. These dynamics are driven by the mobility of

  8. Causes of elective surgery cancellation and theatre throughput efficiency in an Australian urology unit.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Keller, Andrew; Ashrafi, Akbar; Ali, Ahmad

    2014-01-01

    To evaluate our unit's theatre throughput efficiency, to identify where inefficiencies existed and consequently where the greatest improvement might be made.To identify the causes of day of surgery cancellations and how they might be avoided.  A prospective audit of theatre utilisation was undertaken over a 6 month period between 05/02//2013 and 02/08/2013 at Ipswich General Hospital, QLD, Australia.TIMES COLLECTED WERE: time of patient arrival in anaesthetic bay, start time of operative procedure, end time of operative procedure, and time of patient leaving theatre.The causative factors for any delays or day of surgery cancellations were identified and recorded where possible.  In the six month period 26,850 sessional minutes were available for elective operating over 100 operating sessions.304 elective cases were performed, split between 21 major and 283 minor proceduresThe sessions ran overtime a cumulative 2114 minutes.Total non-operative minutes totalled 13,209 (50.3% of all available time), split between late starts 499 minutes (1.8%), early list finishes 1894 minutes (7.05%),  changeover time 1869 minutes (6.9%) and anaesthetic time, 8974 minutes (33.4%)Actual operating time only compromised 50.7% of all available elective operating session time (13,614 minutes)Theatre utilisation was 91.8%.51 procedures were cancelled on the day of surgery during the audit period, representing 14.3% of all scheduled procedures.The most common reason for cancellation was lack of surgical fitness, followed by inadequate operative time.   A significant proportion of all elective operative time was consumed by non-operative minutes.Inefficiencies existed in turnover of patients as well as over as well as underbooking of patients on elective lists.An excessive number of cases were cancelled on the day of surgery, wasting valuable operative time.A multi-parametric approach must be taken to improve operation list utilisation.

  9. Acoustical Masks and sound aspects of Ancient Greek Theatre

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Thanos Vovolis

    2012-07-01

    Full Text Available It is impossible to imagine the ancient Greek theatre without the mask, whether it is tragedy, comedy or satyr plays. All theatrical forms that developed in Athens during the 6th and 5th centuries BC were forms of masked drama. The mask was an organic element in this new form called theatre because the mask is the medium per excellence for the embodiment of the Other and participates in the creation of the stage as a site of the dialogue between the Self andthe Other. But the mask was an organic element of the theatre because in ancient Greek theatre the mask is organically connected through its facial appearance to the ecstatic cries found in the dramatic texts and to the theatre space through its acoustical form. Acoustics permeated all aspects of the ancient Greek theatre and was a way to create even better participation for the audience enhancing its acoustico-visual and synaesthetic experience.

  10. American 'committed' drama in Slovene theatres

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Igor Maver

    1994-12-01

    Full Text Available The purpose of this study is essentially to demonstrate that the delayed stagings of American 'committed' plays, written in the thirties and produced in Slovene theatres immediately after World War Two in the late forties and fifties, were often miscontextualized and partly misinterpreted by the literary critics of the period. This was only in the early post-war years largely due to the need to serve the then ruling ideology and to comply with the criteria of Marxist aesthetisc, especially that of a radical social criticism. However, the later stagings particularly of Arthur Miller's and also Tennessee Williams's plays, did not see the same phenomenon, for it was they that assured the popularity of the American post-war drama on Slovene stages and, even more importantly, helped Slovene theatre to come off age in the sixties.

  11. Standard guidelines for setting up a dermatosurgery theatre

    OpenAIRE

    Rajendran S; Omprakash H

    2009-01-01

    Introduction, definition, rationale and scope: Dermatologists in India are now increasingly performing surgical and cosmetic procedures in their practice. This calls for minimum standards at the national level with the main focus of patient safety and hence the guidelines for setting up a dermatosurgical theatre. Facility: The dermatosurgery theatre can be created in either physician′s clinic, or a hospital depending on the procedure to be performed. The dermatosurgery theatre requi...

  12. The theatre and its screen double

    OpenAIRE

    Birringer, J

    2014-01-01

    This essay offers a close exploration of the live filming and sound production in the schaubühne berlin staging of strindberg's Fräulein Julie (directed by Katie Mitchell, shown on tour at the barbican, london, in 2012). It provides a series of theoretical and critical angles from which to discuss contemporary intermedia performance and audiovisual scenography. After a brief evocation of Artaud's writings in "theatre and cruelty" and on raw cinema, the essay builds on a historical understandi...

  13. Time and motion studies of National Health Service cataract theatre lists to determine strategies to improve efficiency.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Roberts, Harry W; Myerscough, James; Borsci, Simone; Ni, Melody; O'Brart, David P S

    2017-11-24

    To provide a quantitative assessment of cataract theatre lists focusing on productivity and staffing levels/tasks using time and motion studies. National Health Service (NHS) cataract theatre lists were prospectively observed in five different institutions (four NHS hospitals and one private hospital). Individual tasks and their timings of every member of staff were recorded. Multiple linear regression analyses were performed to investigate possible associations between individual timings and tasks. 140 operations were studied over 18 theatre sessions. The median number of scheduled cataract operations was 7 (range: 5-14). The average duration of an operation was 10.3 min±(SD 4.11 min). The average time to complete one case including patient turnaround was 19.97 min (SD 8.77 min). The proportion of the surgeons' time occupied on total duties or operating ranged from 65.2% to 76.1% and from 42.4% to 56.7%, respectively. The correlations of the surgical time to patient time in theatre was R2=0.95. A multiple linear regression model found a significant association (F(3,111)=32.86, Ptheatre models. © Article author(s) (or their employer(s) unless otherwise stated in the text of the article) 2017. All rights reserved. No commercial use is permitted unless otherwise expressly granted.

  14. On Children, on Theatre, on Non-Understanding

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Hans-Thies Lehmann

    2011-11-01

    Full Text Available This text combines theoretical-theatrical reflections ranging from Aristotle to post-dramatic theatre, including Brecht and Schiller. It deals with the pedagogical concerns about the meaning and paths that current youth and children’s theatre could and should take. It also discusses this kind of theatre, from the standpoint of the transformations that theatrical works undertook in their aesthetics and in their very concept over the twentieth century. We propose to abandon the alleged educational function that has traditionally been attributed to children and youth theatre.

  15. Update on the Fifth Session. UN Convention on the Rights of People with Disabilities

    Science.gov (United States)

    National Council on Disability, 2005

    2005-01-01

    The Fifth Session of the Ad Hoc Committee on a Comprehensive and Integral International Convention on Protection and Promotion of the Rights and Dignity of Persons with Disabilities met from January 24-February 4, 2005, in New York City. This briefing paper relates developments during that session.

  16. POST-HOC SEGMENTATION USING MARKETING RESEARCH

    National Research Council Canada - National Science Library

    CRISTINEL CONSTANTIN

    2012-01-01

    .... These methods are K-means cluster and TwoStep cluster, which are available in SPSS system. Such methods could be used in post-hoc market segmentations, which allow companies to find segments with specific behaviours or attitudes...

  17. Mobile Offloading in Wireless Ad Hoc Networks

    OpenAIRE

    Kalejaiye, Gabriel B. T.; Rondina, João A. S. R.; Albuquerque, Leonardo V. V. L.; Pereira, Taís L.; Campos, Luiz F. O.; Melo, Raphael A. S.; Mascarenhas, Daniel S.; Carvalho, Marcelo M.

    2014-01-01

    This paper describes a strategy that was designed, implemented, and presented at the {\\it Mobile Ad Hoc Networking Interoperability and Cooperation (MANIAC) Challenge 2013}. The theme of the MANIAC Challenge 2013 was ``Mobile Data Offloading,'' and consisted on developing and comparatively evaluating strategies to offload infrastructure access points via customer ad hoc forwarding using handheld devices (e.g., tablets and smartphones). According to the challenge rules, a hop-by-hop bidding co...

  18. Nursing and theatre collaborate: an end-of-life simulation using forum theatre.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Tuxbury, Janis S; Wall McCauley, Patricia M; Lement, Wendy

    2012-08-01

    End-of-life care is an essential part of undergraduate nursing education. However, students may not have the opportunity to be exposed to an actual end-of-life situation during clinical rotations. A pilot project was implemented to evaluate the use of forum theatre to teach end-of-life care to undergraduate nursing students. A simulation used live actors, with theatre faculty and students playing the roles of a hospice patient, family members, and nursing students providing end-of-life care. Additional nursing students were participant observers. Using forum theatre methods, students identified important moments that occurred during the simulation and suggested alternative actions for those moments. The simulation was repeated using those alternatives and was evaluated by the students. Group debriefing was provided by nursing faculty with all students. A reflective journal entry was completed by all students. Project outcomes indicated that forum theatre was an effective teaching method for the topic of end-of-life care. Copyright 2012, SLACK Incorporated.

  19. 40 THE THEATRE ARTISTE AND THE CHALLENGES OF ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Prof Alex C Asigbo

    many scholars as a newcomer in the theatre. However, some authorities have asserted that the position of the director has been prominent in the production process in virtually all the cultures of the world. To this end, Cameron and Gillespie posit that: “There have always been theatre people who exercised a strong, central.

  20. EJOTMAS: Ekpoma Journal of Theatre and Media Arts

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Ekpoma Journal of Theatre and Media Arts (EJOTMAS) is committed to the promotion of scholarship in all the areas of Drama and Theatre, Media and Communication, Music and Dance, .... An Overview of Somatics (Body-Mind) Approaches in Dance Therapy · EMAIL FREE FULL TEXT EMAIL FREE FULL TEXT

  1. Moving Self: The Thread Which Bridges Dance and Theatre

    Science.gov (United States)

    Smith, Mary Lynn

    2002-01-01

    This paper is a study of the impact movement education has had on prospective dance and theatre practitioners--how they think about, perceive, and experience movement. The purpose is to discuss the concept "experience" as it relates to phenomena being considered during classes in dance improvisation and movement for theatre with the objective to…

  2. The Director's "I": Theatre, Self, and Self-Study

    Science.gov (United States)

    Meskin, Tamar; van der Walt, Tanya

    2014-01-01

    This article interrogates the connections between the self-study research methodology and the making of a piece of theatre, and explores ways in which self-study can offer a new arts-based research paradigm for theatre-makers. There are a number of useful parallels to be explored between the self-study project and structures of drama and…

  3. Community theatre as instrument for community sensitisation and ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Environmental protection, sustainable economic development and good governance are important issues of the century, and theatre can play an important role in addressing them. This paper contends that community theatre is likely to offer a sustainable alternative approach towards addressing these and other current ...

  4. Using Applied Theatre as a Tool to Address Netizenship

    Science.gov (United States)

    Skeiker, Fadi Fayad

    2015-01-01

    This paper charts the ways in which a researcher uses applied theatre practice as a tool to address netizenship issues in the advancement of digital age by documenting a workshop he co-facilitated with graduate students at the University of Porto during the Future Places conference in 2013. The workshop used applied theatre both to catalyze…

  5. Narrative Power: Playback Theatre as Cultural Resistance in Occupied Palestine

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rivers, Ben

    2015-01-01

    This paper describes The Freedom Theatre's Freedom Bus initiative and its use of Playback Theatre for community mobilisation and cultural activism within Occupied Palestine. Utilising a conflict transformation perspective, conventional dialogue-oriented initiatives are contrasted against interventions that pursue concientisation and alliance…

  6. Crafting Dialogue in High School Theatre: Approaches and ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Abstract. This article explores approaches in theatre production in the context of Zimbabwean high schools. The study reveals that former Group 'A' schools reflect a Western orientation in theatre practice by focusing mainly on European or American 'classics'. On the other hand, in rural, mission and high density schools the ...

  7. Theatre as a Vehicle for Mobilizing Knowledge in Education

    Science.gov (United States)

    Segedin, Lauren

    2017-01-01

    In the field of education, there has been an increased emphasis on evidence-based practice. Yet, traditional dissemination methods continue to be used. Using more creative and innovative strategies to disseminate research are needed. Theatre is one such method. Stemming from the research on knowledge mobilization and theatre as a method for social…

  8. A Brechtian Theatre Pedagogy for Intercultural Education Research

    Science.gov (United States)

    Frimberger, Katja

    2016-01-01

    The following article explores the potential of Bertolt Brecht's theatre pedagogy for intercultural education research. It is argued that Brecht's pedagogical views on theatre connect to those interculturalists who prioritise the embodied dimensions of intercultural encounters over a competence-driven orientation. Both share a love for aesthetic…

  9. Community theatre and development practices in Nyanza Region ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Positing Community Theatre as a site and agency for development, an effective way to share information and encourage community dialogue, this paper interrogates practices and efficacies of Community Theatre in Nyanza, Kenya. While contending that it has the potential to build developmental consciousness among ...

  10. The Living Archive as a strategy for a theatre laboratory

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Kuhlmann, Annelis

    This paper emphasizes focus on the theatre laboratory in the perspective of the living archive as a performative tools for artistic self reflection within the work of the theatre laboratory, and as a tools for visions and strategies in aesthetics, identity and historiographical perspectives....

  11. A Silent Revolution: "Image Theatre" as a System of Decolonisation

    Science.gov (United States)

    Perry, J. Adam

    2012-01-01

    This article summarises the ways in which Image Theatre, a practice originally developed by Augusto Boal which continues to be developed in the hands of applied theatre practitioners and critical arts educators worldwide, can be used as a pedagogical and dramaturgical system of decolonisation at the level of communities and individuals. Through…

  12. Interdisciplinary Teaching of Theatre and Human Rights in Honors

    Science.gov (United States)

    Szasz, Maria

    2017-01-01

    Since spring 2012, the author has taught a 300-level Theatre and Human Rights class in the University of New Mexico Honors College. One of the centerpieces of honors education is careful research and thorough analysis of what is taught and why it is taught. In creating the honors class Theatre and Human Rights, the author explored how she would…

  13. Enhancing Correctional Education through Community Theatre: The Benin Prison Experience

    Science.gov (United States)

    Okhakhu, Marcel; Evawoma-Enuku, Usiwoma

    2011-01-01

    This paper seeks to establish the relationship between Popular Theatre and Correctional Education. The Benin Prison experiment is the springboard for this laudable and valuable link. The paper strives stridently to show the value of Popular Theatre as a vehicle for achieving correctional values in a Correction centre. More than anything else, it…

  14. Stage versus pulpit and the shifting / dwindling theatre audiences in ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    In theatrical parlance, a “stage” is the spatial context on which a performance takes place before an audience at a public theatre. However, theatre is faced with a perennial problem posed by the pulpit, itself seen as a performance area where priests stand to gesticulate using facial expressions to move the congregation ...

  15. From the Theatre Phase to the Media Space: Interrogating the ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    This article attempts an examination of the variegated professional career of Yemi Ogunbiyi (YO), one of the most prominent shapers of the contemporary media practice in Nigeria and his contributions to Nigerian theatre scholarship; literary criticism and new journalism in Nigeria. It traces his vocational origins as a theatre ...

  16. Stress and harassment among theatre nurses at the University ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Background: The study was undertaken to determine whether occupational stress is a problem among theatre nurses in Zambia. Methods: A total of 75 theatre nurses where asked to answer a self administered questionnaire on stress. Results: Nearly all (98%) of the nurses admitted to stress being a major problem in their ...

  17. Strategies for the development of tourism and theatre industries in ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    A well-developed tourism industry can house a theatre to enhance the beauty of tourism. In like manner, theatre productions are the springboards on which effective tourism can strive. The two industries seem to be facing a common problem especially in Rivers State of Nigeria. First, is their condemnation by some members ...

  18. Training the theatre arts teacher in Nigerian colleges of education ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    This article seeks to identify and proffer solutions to the problems confronting the theatre arts teacher training in Nigerian colleges of education. It also advances the prospects of effective theatre arts teacher training in the educational sector and the society at large. In doing these, the researcher adopts the interview, focus ...

  19. Curriculum: The Contradictions in Theatre Education in Brazil

    Science.gov (United States)

    Pompeo Nogueira, Marcia; de Medeiros Pereira, Diego

    2016-01-01

    The history of arts education in Brazil is summarised, based on its contradictions. Some aspects of the Brazilian educational system and the National Curriculum Parameters are presented, in order to identify the predominant approach to theatre education. Three situations of the theatre education landscape in the state of Santa Catarina, southern…

  20. EJOTMAS: Ekpoma Journal of Theatre and Media Arts: Submissions

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    The contributor must be consistent in the use of either the MLA or APA style. Footnotes to the text should be avoided. All articles, correspondence and enquiries should be sent to: The Editor. EJOTMAS: Ekpoma Journal of Theatre and Media Arts. Department of Theatre and Media Arts,. Ambrose Alli University, Ekpoma, Edo ...

  1. EJOTMAS: Ekpoma Journal of Theatre and Media Arts: Editorial ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Focus and Scope. Ekpoma Journal of Theatre and Media Arts (EJOTMAS) is committed to the promotion of scholarship in all the areas of Drama and Theatre, Media and Communication, Music and Dance, Performance Studies and other fields in the Arts and Humanities.

  2. Speech and Language Interaction in a Web Theatre Environment

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Nijholt, Antinus; Dalsgaard, P.; Hulstijn, J.; Lee, C.H.; Heisterkamp, P.; van Hessen, Adrianus J.; Cole, R.

    1999-01-01

    We discuss research on interaction in a virtual theatre that can be accessed through Web pages. In the environment we employ several agents. The virtual theatre allows navigation through keyboard and mouse, but there is also a navigation agent which listens to typed input and spoken commands. We

  3. 437 communicating climate change in africa through the theatre for ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Osondu

    model of communication could be utilized in sensitizing the populace on the danger it portends. The enunciations shall also be ... planning. Keywords: Climate change, Environment, Communication, Development process, Theatre arts,. Africa. Introduction ..... happens in many professional theatres. The director should mix ...

  4. From Theory into Practice: Theatre-in-Education and Child ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Years of research has documented that theatre has a crucial role in the optimal growth, learning, and development of children from infancy through adolescent. Yet, this need is being challenged, and so children‟s right to play and learn must be defended by all educators. Theatre is dynamic process that is considered a key ...

  5. book review the cambridge guide to african ano caribbean theatre.

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    THE CAMBRIDGE GUIDE TO AFRICAN ANO CARIBBEAN. THEATRE. Edited by Martin Banham, Errol Hill and George Woodyard. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1994, pp.24. 35 Pounds, $39.95. Six years after the Guide to World Theatre, which was "particularly designed to offer to scholars, students and general ...

  6. Deviant service behaviour: Coming soon to a theatre near you?

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    van Eerde, W.; Peper, P.

    2008-01-01

    Deviant service behaviour (DSB) is examined among employees of a cinema chain in the Netherlands. Behaviours that were reported in interviews with 47 employees of one theatre were phrased as items and were used in a survey conducted in three other theatres of the same chain (n = 115). Virtually all

  7. Community theatre as instrument for community sensitisation and ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    2016-03-28

    Mar 28, 2016 ... Unfortunately, there is often great difficulty in securing funding to support community theatre activities. It was a huge task for me to convince my project management to continue to support my environmental theatre, even though they were well aware of the positive and great impacts created by the activities.

  8. The Public Poster Session

    Science.gov (United States)

    Levine-Rasky, Cynthia

    2009-01-01

    This note describes the use of a student poster session as an innovative approach to student learning. The local context for the assignment is provided, followed by a description of the course for which the poster was prepared, details about the assignment including its evaluation, and practical considerations for planning a poster session. The…

  9. Standard guidelines for setting up a dermatosurgery theatre

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Rajendran S

    2009-08-01

    Full Text Available Introduction, definition, rationale and scope: Dermatologists in India are now increasingly performing surgical and cosmetic procedures in their practice. This calls for minimum standards at the national level with the main focus of patient safety and hence the guidelines for setting up a dermatosurgical theatre. Facility: The dermatosurgery theatre can be created in either physician′s clinic, or a hospital depending on the procedure to be performed. The dermatosurgery theatre requires careful planning with regards to - location, dimension, shell design, lighting, electrical requirements, operation table, chair, trolley, surgical instruments, sterilization of devices, asepsis and advanced life support. Apart from physical considerations, other considerations including theatre etiquettes, consent for surgery, safety of dermatosurgeon, theatre staff and lastly biomedical waste management should be looked into. These issues are discussed in detail in the recommendations.

  10. Transforming a conventional theatre into a gynaecological endoscopy unit.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Anastasakis, E; Protopapas, A; Daskalakis, G; Papadakis, M; Milingos, S; Antsaklis, A

    2007-01-01

    Most minimally invasive procedures are now performed in operating rooms that were originally designed for traditional open surgery. We designed an endoscopic theatre based on our experience with special features specific for gynaecological endoscopy. We designed a detailed plan with an architect's aid of a gynaecological unit (based on a Greek presidential decree published in 1991). The space utilized was that of a conventional theatre. With the architectural plan we anticipated every area needed in a gynaecological endoscopic theatre. A twin theatre was considered appropriate in order for the surgical team to operate alternatively in one theatre while the other is being cleaned and prepared for use. The design of a unit dedicated to gynaecologic laparoscopy is a multidisciplinary task where the endoscopic surgeon undertakes an active and prominent role. It is a project with great benefits and rewards for all parties involved. We present our design for evaluation.

  11. Multiparty Asynchronous Session Types

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Honda, Kohei; Yoshida, Nobuko; Carbone, Marco

    2016-01-01

    . This work extends the foregoing theories of binary session types to multiparty, asynchronous sessions, which often arise in practical communication-centered applications. Presented as a typed calculus for mobile processes, the theory introduces a new notion of types in which interactions involving multiple......Communication is a central elements in software development. As a potential typed foundation for structured communication-centered programming, session types have been studied over the past decade for a wide range of process calculi and programming languages, focusing on binary (two-party) sessions...... peers are directly abstracted as a global scenario. Global types retain the friendly type syntax of binary session types while specifying dependencies and capturing complex causal chains of multiparty asynchronous interactions. A global type plays the role of a shared agreement among communication peers...

  12. Effects of Playback Theatre on cognitive function and quality of life in older adults in Singapore: A preliminary study.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Chung, Krystal Shu Yi; Lee, Eleena Shi Lynn; Tan, Jia Qi; Teo, Dylan Jin Hao; Lee, Chris Ban Loong; Ee, Sharifah Rose; Sim, Sam Kim Yang; Chee, Chew Sim

    2018-01-17

    This study investigated the effects of Playback Theatre on older adults' cognitive function and well-being, specifically in the Singapore context. Eighteen healthy older adults, older than 50 years of age, participated in the study. Due to practical limitations, a single-group pre-post study design was adopted. Participants completed the outcome measures before and after the training program. There were six weekly sessions in total (about 1.5 hours, once weekly). Participants experienced a significant improvement in their emotional well-being after training. However, there were no significant changes in participants' cognitive function or health-related quality of life. Our results suggest that Playback Theatre as a community program has potential to improve the mental and emotional well-being of older people. © 2018 AJA Inc.

  13. Transfer of Flexible Ureteroscopic Stone-Extraction Skill from a Virtual Reality Simulator to the Operating Theatre: A Pilot Study.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Aloosh, Mehdi; Noureldin, Yasser A; Andonian, Sero

    2016-10-01

    To assess the learning curve of flexible ureteroscopic stone extraction using the UroMentor™ simulator and transfer of flexible ureteroscopic stone extraction skills to the operating theatre. After obtaining ethics approval, urology Post-Graduate Trainees (PGTs) from Post-Graduate Years (PGYs) 1 to 4 were recruited. During phase I, participants completed 3 weekly 1-hour training sessions on the UroMentor simulator practicing task 10, where two stones from the left proximal ureter and renal pelvis were extracted using a basket. Objective assessments by the simulator and subjective assessments using the validated Ureteroscopy-Global Rating Scale (URS-GRS) were used to establish the learning curve. During phase II, the URS-GRS tool was used to assess performance of participants in the operating theatre. URS-GRS scores obtained on the simulator and in the operating theatre were correlated. In phase I, eight urology PGTs (PGY1-4) with mean age of 27.8 ± 2 (25-31) years participated in the study. PGTs practiced a total of 52 times, with a mean operative time of 14.6 ± 4.3 minutes and a mean fluoroscopy time of 10.4 ± 12 seconds. Competency in task 10 was achieved after seven trials on the UroMentor simulator. In phase II, 5 PGTs were assessed during 55 consecutive flexible ureteroscopic stone extraction in the operating theatre. The mean operative time was 51.4 ± 15.2 minutes and the mean fluoroscopy time was 29 ± 6 seconds. There was a significant positive correlation between URS-GRS scores obtained on the simulator and in the operating theatre (r = 0.9, p = 0.03), thus establishing predictive validity of performance on the UroMentor simulator. Competency in task 10 on the UroMentor simulator (flexible ureteroscopic stone extraction) was achieved after seven trials. Since there was a strong positive correlation between URS-GRS scores on the simulator and in the operating theatre, the skills obtained on the simulator could be

  14. 'I was utterly mesmerised': Audience experiences of different theatre types and genres in four European cities

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Wilders, M.L.; Toome, H.-L.; Šorli, M.; Szabó, A.; Zijlstra, A.

    2015-01-01

    This article investigates the similarities and differences on how spectators experience theatre performances grouped along large, transnationally present types as Spoken Theatre, Dance Theatre, Musical Theatre and Kleinkunst. Our findings are based on the analysis of the extensive data collected by

  15. Conversations with Status and Power: How "Everyday Theatre" Offers "Spaces of Agency" to Participants

    Science.gov (United States)

    Aitken, Viv

    2009-01-01

    This article reviews "Everyday Theatre", an interactive applied theatre project from Auckland based company Applied Theatre Consultants Ltd., which explores the dynamics of family relationships and touches obliquely on issues of abuse and violence. The article looks at the form, strategies and processes of "Everyday Theatre"…

  16. The 11th Annual Mediterranean Ad Hoc Networking Workshop (Med-Hoc-Net 2012 )

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Pitsillides, A.; Douligeris, C.; Vassiliou, V.; Heijenk, Geert; Cavalcante de Oliveira, J.

    Message from the General Chairs Welcome to the 2012 Mediterranean Ad Hoc Networking Workshop in Ayia Napa, Cyprus. We are excited to host Med-Hoc-Net. As a major annual international workshop, following recent successful workshops in Sicily (2006), Corfu (2007), Palma de Mallorca (2008), Haifa

  17. The 11th Annual Mediterranean Ad Hoc Networking Workshop (Med-Hoc-Net 2012)

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Pitsillides, A.; Douligeris, C.; Vassiliou, V.; Heijenk, Geert; Cavalcante de Oliveira, J.

    Message from the General Chairs Welcome to the 2012 Mediterranean Ad Hoc Networking Workshop in Ayia Napa, Cyprus. We are excited to host Med-Hoc-Net. As a major annual international workshop, following recent successful workshops in Sicily (2006), Corfu (2007), Palma de Mallorca (2008), Haifa

  18. Offer - La Comédie theatre

    CERN Multimedia

    Staff Association

    2017-01-01

    The “La Comédie” theatre unveiled its programme for the season 2017–2018. We are delighted to share this brand new, rich and varied programme with you. The “La Comédie” theatre has various discounts for our members Buy 2 subscriptions for the price of 1 : 2 cards “Libertà” for CHF 240.- instead of CHF 480.- Cruise freely through the season with an 8-entry card valid for the shows of your choice. These cards are transferable and can be shared with one or more accompanying persons. 2 cards “Piccolo” for CHF 120 instead of CHF 240.- This card lets you discover 4 shows which are suitable for all audiences (offers valid while stock lasts) Benefit from a reduction of 20 % on a full price ticket during all the season: from CHF 40.- to CHF 24.- ticket instead of CHF 50.- to CHF 30.- depending on the show (Also valid for one accompanying person). Interested in one of these offers? Create an ac...

  19. Theatre as a Figure and a Place of Cultural Memory

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Lidija Kapushevska-Drakulevska

    2014-11-01

    Full Text Available Cultural memory is the starting point for studying culture. Theatre, on the other hand, is a multidimensional play with memory; it is an emblem of a certain culture, and of the overall blending of various discourses within it. Hence the relation between theatre and memory is rather complex and multifaceted. Theatre is a medium synthesising text and performance, speech and gesture (play, acting, as well as establishing direct, at least doubly articulated communication: among the actors on stage on the one hand, and between the actors and the audience on the other. They are all subjects of theatrical memory. Theatre not only uses memory in order to create the plot, develop the characters or establish communication with the audience, but also becomes a figure of memory itself: a culturally modelled, socially mandated (iconic, narrative, etc. memory image (Assman. Additionally, theatre may be considered a place of memory, as well. But theatre is not a simple mnemonic of repeating reality—it is not merely a simulacrum, but also a quotation of reality; it does not aim to copy or memorise reality, but to represent it and interpret it critically. This is particularly true of the contemporary rough theatre of brutality.

  20. Ad hoc networks telecommunications and game theory

    CERN Document Server

    Benslama, Malek; Batatia, Hadj

    2015-01-01

    Random SALOHA and CSMA protocols that are used to access MAC in ad hoc networks are very small compared to the multiple and spontaneous use of the transmission channel. So they have low immunity to the problems of packet collisions. Indeed, the transmission time is the critical factor in the operation of such networks. The simulations demonstrate the positive impact of erasure codes on the throughput of the transmission in ad hoc networks. However, the network still suffers from the intermittency and volatility of its efficiency throughout its operation, and it switches quickly to the satura

  1. Tribunales arbitrales ad hoc en el Mercosur

    OpenAIRE

    Bou Franch, Valentín

    2011-01-01

    El Mercosur tiene establecido un procedimiento obligatorio de solución de controversias comerciales entre sus Estados miembros. No obstante, en caso de surgir una controversia, el Estado demandante y el demandado pueden pactar de mutuo acuerdo que la misma no se someta al procedimiento ordinario de solución, sino a un Tribunal arbitral ad hoc. En este trabajo, se analiza la elaboración de las dos listas de árbitros, la constitución de cada Tribunal arbitral ad hoc, el procedimiento y la oblig...

  2. Vehicular ad hoc network security and privacy

    CERN Document Server

    Lin, X

    2015-01-01

    Unlike any other book in this area, this book provides innovative solutions to security issues, making this book a must read for anyone working with or studying security measures. Vehicular Ad Hoc Network Security and Privacy mainly focuses on security and privacy issues related to vehicular communication systems. It begins with a comprehensive introduction to vehicular ad hoc network and its unique security threats and privacy concerns and then illustrates how to address those challenges in highly dynamic and large size wireless network environments from multiple perspectives. This book is richly illustrated with detailed designs and results for approaching security and privacy threats.

  3. Problem based learning: an opportunity for theatre nurse education.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Tanner, J

    1999-11-01

    In my experience theatre nurses are always saying that student nurses just don't know enough anatomy, even with compulsory regular teaching of the subject in pre-registration nurse education. Boud and Feletti (1997) say anatomy and other subjects are forgotten because when they are taught students do not perceive their relevance. Problem based learning (PBL) seeks to overcome this difficulty by integrating theory and practice. This article will describe problem based learning and give an example of a scenario used in this educational process. The benefits of a PBL theatre nursing course and the implications for theatre nurse education will be discussed.

  4. Development and implementation of a theatre booking form and morning briefing meeting to improve emergency theatre efficiency.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Williams, James P; Spernaes, Izabela; Duff, Elizabeth; Argent, Michael; Frankish, John; Dinham, Helen

    2017-10-01

    The aim of this study was to improve emergency theatre efficiency via the introduction of a theatre booking form and morning briefing meeting. Process mapping was used to engage staff and consider if the emergency theatre may benefit from the application of a structured process of communication. A theatre booking form and morning briefing meeting were implemented to promote change. Efficiency was measured by theatre utilisation and characterised into neutral time, efficient time and inefficient time. The results demonstrated a 12.9% increase in efficient time, 3.3% fall in inefficient time and 9.6% fall in neutral time post-implementation, during the high volume work period of 08:00 to 17:59 on weekdays. No improvement in efficiency was demonstrated outside these hours or on weekends during lower volume workloads. Utilisation of a theatre booking form and morning briefing meeting improved emergency theatre efficiency during high volume work periods by the application of a structured process of communication. Copyright the Association for Perioperative Practice.

  5. Ad-Hoc Transient Communities Simulation

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Van den Berg, Bert; Van Rosmalen, Peter; Sloep, Peter; Brouns, Francis; Fetter, Sibren; Berlanga, Adriana

    2009-01-01

    Van den Berg, B., Van Rosmalen, P., Sloep, P. B., Brouns, F., Fetter, S., & Berlanga, A. J. (2009). Ad-Hoc Transient Communities Simulation. The Netlogo application is distributed as a java applet and for that matter part of an archive which contains also the NetlogoLiteJar and the index.htm to

  6. Anomaly Detection Techniques for Ad Hoc Networks

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cai, Chaoli

    2009-01-01

    Anomaly detection is an important and indispensable aspect of any computer security mechanism. Ad hoc and mobile networks consist of a number of peer mobile nodes that are capable of communicating with each other absent a fixed infrastructure. Arbitrary node movements and lack of centralized control make them vulnerable to a wide variety of…

  7. DAWN: Dynamic Ad-hoc Wireless Network

    Science.gov (United States)

    2016-06-19

    Wireless Network 1 Introduction The network-centric battlefield includes sensors, troop carriers, unmanned air vehicle (UAV), aircraft, smart ...Bellman Control Heritage Award. • Honorary Doctorate at Technical University of Crete. • Best paper award at 2008 IEEE International Conference on Mobile Ad-hoc and Sensor Systems.

  8. Swift Trust in Distributed Ad Hoc Teams

    Science.gov (United States)

    2007-10-04

    not visible or likely to be in close proximity . Page 22 Swift Trust in Distributed Ad hoc Teams Humansystems® mission ended, the servers were...simply allow less “ poetic license” when making judgements about other people. Perhaps asking about a more ambiguous behaviour or task would have yielded

  9. The 11th Annual Mediterranean Ad Hoc Networking Workshop (Med-Hoc-Net 2012 )

    OpenAIRE

    Pitsillides, A.; Douligeris, C.; Vassiliou, V; Heijenk, Geert; Cavalcante de Oliveira, J.

    2012-01-01

    Message from the General Chairs Welcome to the 2012 Mediterranean Ad Hoc Networking Workshop in Ayia Napa, Cyprus. We are excited to host Med-Hoc-Net. As a major annual international workshop, following recent successful workshops in Sicily (2006), Corfu (2007), Palma de Mallorca (2008), Haifa (2009), Juan-les-pins (2010), and Favignana Island (2011), the 11th Med-Hoc-Net (2012) aims to serve as a platform for researchers and visionaries from the academia, the research laboratories, and the i...

  10. Influence of music on operation theatre staff

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Shyjumon George

    2011-01-01

    Full Text Available Background and Objective: The purpose of the study was to evaluate the perception of influence of music among surgeons, anesthesiologist and nurses in our hospital as well as to critically evaluate whether music can be used as an aid in improving the work efficiency of medical personnel in the operation theatre (OT. Materials and Methods: A prospective, questionnaire-based cross-sectional study was conducted. A total of 100 randomly selected subjects were interviewed, which included 44 surgeons, 25 anesthesiologists and 31 nurses. Statistical package for social sciences (SPSS Windows Version 16 software was used for statistical evaluation. Results: Most of the OT medical personnel were found to be aware of the beneficial effects of music, with 87% consenting to the playing of music in the OT. It was also found that most participants agreed to have heard music on a regular basis in the OT, while 17% had heard it whenever they have been to the OT. Conclusions: Majority of the respondent′s preferred playing music in the OT which helped them relax. It improved the cognitive function of the listeners and created a sense of well being among the people and elevated mood in them. Music helped in reducing the autonomic reactivity of theatre personnel in stressful surgeries allowing them to approach their surgeries in a more thoughtful and relaxed manner. Qualitative, objective and comprehensive effect of specific music types varied with different individuals. Music can aid in improving the work efficiency of medical personnel in the OT. The study has reinforced the beneficial effects of playing music in the OT outweighing its deleterious outcomes.

  11. Influence of music on operation theatre staff.

    Science.gov (United States)

    George, Shyjumon; Ahmed, Shafiq; Mammen, Kim J; John, George Mathews

    2011-07-01

    The purpose of the study was to evaluate the perception of influence of music among surgeons, anesthesiologist and nurses in our hospital as well as to critically evaluate whether music can be used as an aid in improving the work efficiency of medical personnel in the operation theatre (OT). A prospective, questionnaire-based cross-sectional study was conducted. A total of 100 randomly selected subjects were interviewed, which included 44 surgeons, 25 anesthesiologists and 31 nurses. Statistical package for social sciences (SPSS) Windows Version 16 software was used for statistical evaluation. Most of the OT medical personnel were found to be aware of the beneficial effects of music, with 87% consenting to the playing of music in the OT. It was also found that most participants agreed to have heard music on a regular basis in the OT, while 17% had heard it whenever they have been to the OT. Majority of the respondent's preferred playing music in the OT which helped them relax. It improved the cognitive function of the listeners and created a sense of well being among the people and elevated mood in them. Music helped in reducing the autonomic reactivity of theatre personnel in stressful surgeries allowing them to approach their surgeries in a more thoughtful and relaxed manner. Qualitative, objective and comprehensive effect of specific music types varied with different individuals. Music can aid in improving the work efficiency of medical personnel in the OT. The study has reinforced the beneficial effects of playing music in the OT outweighing its deleterious outcomes.

  12. Readers' theatre: a communication tool for colorectal cancer screening.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cueva, Melany; Dignan, Mark; Kuhnley, Regina

    2012-06-01

    Colorectal cancer (CRC) is the second leading cause of cancer mortality for Alaska Native people, yet it can be almost totally prevented through colonoscopy screenings. A 25-minute Readers' Theatre script was developed with and for Alaska Native and American Indian Community Health Workers (CHWs) and the people in their communities to provide CRC screening information, model ways to talk about CRC screening, increase comfort with talking about CRC, and encourage healthy lifestyle choices. Grounded in Indigenous methodologies, this paper describes the collaborative development, implementation, and evaluation of a CRC Readers' Theatre. 94% (161/172) of participants from 11 Readers' Theatre completed a written evaluation. 90% (145) of participants reported feeling more comfortable talking about CRC and 77% (124) described healthy changes they planned to make. Readers' Theatre was associated with increased knowledge, comfort talking about CRC, and served as a catalyst for positive intent to change behavior.

  13. Intravitreal injections: is there benefit for a theatre setting?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Abell, Robin G; Kerr, Nathan M; Allen, Penelope; Vote, Brendan J

    2012-12-01

    To investigate and compare the rate of endophthalmitis after intravitreal injections performed in an in-office (dedicated procedure room) versus in-theatre setting. A retrospective comparative cohort study was performed of all patients consecutively treated by a single surgeon with intravitreal injection with either ranibizimab or bevacizumab for any recognised clinical indication. All cases received injections between March 2006 and March 2012, during which time all injections were prospectively recorded on an electronic medical record system. A search of the electronic database using a report building system was used to extract the total number of injections into location-specific grouping (ie, in office vs in theatre). 12 249 injections were performed over a 6-year period. 3376 of these were performed in the in-office procedure room, compared with 8873 in the operating theatre. Of the 3376 injections performed in office, there were four cases of infective endophthalmitis compared with none of the 8873 injections performed in theatre (p=0.006). In-theatre intravitreal injections were associated with a 13-fold lower risk of endophthalmitis compared to in-office injections. The theatre environment is a clinically appropriate location for any intravitreal injection procedures and was associated with a significantly lower risk of infective endophthalmitis in this single-surgeon comparative cohort study.

  14. Ergonomic Aspects of Transport of Patient through the Operating Theatre

    Science.gov (United States)

    Janowicz, Rafał

    2017-10-01

    One of the most crucial decisions to be made while designing and re-modernizing an operating theatre is selecting a method of transporting the patient through the hospital’s spatial arrangement. This decision, while irrelevant at first thought, implies numerous project and functional consequences. Designing an operating theatre within a hospital is related to numerous specialist requirements with an aim of minimizing the risk of microbiological contamination. Surgeries conducted on the operating theatre take place within sterile areas, usually within a protection area provided with laminar air flow. Furthermore, currently in Poland, there are applicable rules requiring to have entrances secured with tract locks leading towards the operational rooms for hospital personnel, patients as well as hospital equipment and materials. Such construction of an operating theatre provides the necessity of applying detailed procedures of transporting the patient, who in most cases is not able to reach the surgery on his or her own. In operating theatres functioning during the last decades, the operating tables were most often fixed to the floor. This resulted in the need to relocate the patient, who is ready for surgery, for several times. The consequences of this included risks related shock due to the relocations for the patient as well as physical overload for the medical staff. The aim of hereby article is to present modern designer solutions providing the opportunity to enhance ergonomics of using the operating theatre.

  15. The Reconfiguration of the Theatre Space and the Relationship between Public and Private in the Case of Apartment Theatre

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Andreea Gabriela Lupu

    2017-01-01

    Full Text Available This article tackles the means of theatre space reconfiguration in the apartment theater (lorgean theater, simultaneously analyzing the relation between public and private specific to this form of art. Structured around both a theoretical analysis and a qualitative empirical investigation, this paper emphasizes the traits of the theatre space as component of an artistic product received by the audience, and its value in the process of artistic production, within the theatre sector. The case study of lorgean theater, including a participant observation and an individual interview, enables the understanding of these two aspects of the spatial configuration, emphasizing its hybrid nature in terms of spatial configuration and the public-private relation as well as the act of reappropriation of the domestic space through an alternative practice of theatre consumption.

  16. "This Beer Festival Has a Theatre Problem!": The Evolution and Rebranding of the Edmonton International Fringe Theatre Festival

    National Research Council Canada - National Science Library

    Batchelor, Brian

    2015-01-01

    The Edmonton International Fringe Theatre Festival was founded in 1981 on the premise that a non-adjudicated, first-come first-served structure combined with bare minimum administrative and financial...

  17. Session 7: Reserve

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Bailey, R.; Crockford, G

    2001-07-01

    The reserve session was devoted to some issues that came up through the workshop, which were grouped into three main areas: The Global Accelerator Network, Problems of stress and how to get organized to minimize them, What should an operations group be responsible for? This paper summarizes the discussions that took place. (author)

  18. Poster Session- Extended Abstracts

    Science.gov (United States)

    Jack D. Alexander III; Jean Findley; Brenda K. Kury; Jan L. Beyers; Douglas S. Cram; Terrell T. Baker; Jon C. Boren; Carl Edminster; Sue A. Ferguson; Steven McKay; David Nagel; Trent Piepho; Miriam Rorig; Casey Anderson; Jeanne Hoadley; Paulette L. Ford; Mark C. Andersen; Ed L. Fredrickson; Joe Truett; Gary W. Roemer; Brenda K. Kury; Jennifer Vollmer; Christine L. May; Danny C. Lee; James P. Menakis; Robert E. Keane; Zhi-Liang Zhu; Carol Miller; Brett Davis; Katharine Gray; Ken Mix; William P. Kuvlesky Jr.; D. Lynn Drawe; Marcia G. Narog; Roger D. Ottmar; Robert E. Vihnanek; Clinton S. Wright; Timothy E. Paysen; Burton K. Pendleton; Rosemary L. Pendleton; Carleton S. White; John Rogan; Doug Stow; Janet Franklin; Jennifer Miller; Lisa Levien; Chris Fischer; Emma Underwood; Robert Klinger; Peggy Moore; Clinton S. Wright

    2008-01-01

    Titles found within Poster Session-Extended Abstracts include:Assessment of emergency fire rehabilitation of four fires from the 2000 fire season on the Vale, Oregon, BLM district: review of the density sampling materials and methods: p. 329 Growth of regreen, seeded for erosion control, in the...

  19. Summary of Session 3

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Fleischer, J. [Universitaet Bielefeld, Fakultaet fuer Physik, Bielefeld (Germany)]. E-mail: fl@physik.uni-bielefeld.de

    2004-11-21

    In Session 3, the speakers were dealing with the following topics: Automatization of Feynman Diagram Calculations (FDC), Event generators, Analytical approaches to FDC and various Mathematical innovations related to different physical problems. A more general, 'brainstorming', talk was given by J. Vermaseren as first talk.

  20. The outreach sessions

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Trache, Livius [Horia Hulubei National Institute for Physics and Nuclear Engineering, P.O. Box MG-6, 077125 Bucharest-Magurele (Romania)

    2015-02-24

    These are moderator’s remarks about the outreach day in the middle of the CSSP14, and in particular about the afternoon outreach session in round table format with the announced theme: “CERN at 60 and the internationalization of science”.

  1. Evolutionary algorithms for mobile ad hoc networks

    CERN Document Server

    Dorronsoro, Bernabé; Danoy, Grégoire; Pigné, Yoann; Bouvry, Pascal

    2014-01-01

    Describes how evolutionary algorithms (EAs) can be used to identify, model, and minimize day-to-day problems that arise for researchers in optimization and mobile networking. Mobile ad hoc networks (MANETs), vehicular networks (VANETs), sensor networks (SNs), and hybrid networks—each of these require a designer’s keen sense and knowledge of evolutionary algorithms in order to help with the common issues that plague professionals involved in optimization and mobile networking. This book introduces readers to both mobile ad hoc networks and evolutionary algorithms, presenting basic concepts as well as detailed descriptions of each. It demonstrates how metaheuristics and evolutionary algorithms (EAs) can be used to help provide low-cost operations in the optimization process—allowing designers to put some “intelligence” or sophistication into the design. It also offers efficient and accurate information on dissemination algorithms topology management, and mobility models to address challenges in the ...

  2. Quantum load balancing in ad hoc networks

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hasanpour, M.; Shariat, S.; Barnaghi, P.; Hoseinitabatabaei, S. A.; Vahid, S.; Tafazolli, R.

    2017-06-01

    This paper presents a novel approach in targeting load balancing in ad hoc networks utilizing the properties of quantum game theory. This approach benefits from the instantaneous and information-less capability of entangled particles to synchronize the load balancing strategies in ad hoc networks. The quantum load balancing (QLB) algorithm proposed by this work is implemented on top of OLSR as the baseline routing protocol; its performance is analyzed against the baseline OLSR, and considerable gain is reported regarding some of the main QoS metrics such as delay and jitter. Furthermore, it is shown that QLB algorithm supports a solid stability gain in terms of throughput which stands a proof of concept for the load balancing properties of the proposed theory.

  3. Constrained Delaunay Triangulation for Ad Hoc Networks

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    D. Satyanarayana

    2008-01-01

    Full Text Available Geometric spanners can be used for efficient routing in wireless ad hoc networks. Computation of existing spanners for ad hoc networks primarily focused on geometric properties without considering network requirements. In this paper, we propose a new spanner called constrained Delaunay triangulation (CDT which considers both geometric properties and network requirements. The CDT is formed by introducing a small set of constraint edges into local Delaunay triangulation (LDel to reduce the number of hops between nodes in the network graph. We have simulated the CDT using network simulator (ns-2.28 and compared with Gabriel graph (GG, relative neighborhood graph (RNG, local Delaunay triangulation (LDel, and planarized local Delaunay triangulation (PLDel. The simulation results show that the minimum number of hops from source to destination is less than other spanners. We also observed the decrease in delay, jitter, and improvement in throughput.

  4. Supporting Dynamic Ad hoc Collaboration Capabilities

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Agarwal, Deborah A. [Lawrence Berkeley National Lab. (LBNL), Berkeley, CA (United States); Berket, Karlo [Lawrence Berkeley National Lab. (LBNL), Berkeley, CA (United States)

    2003-07-14

    Modern HENP experiments such as CMS and Atlas involve as many as 2000 collaborators around the world. Collaborations this large will be unable to meet often enough to support working closely together. Many of the tools currently available for collaboration focus on heavy-weight applications such as videoconferencing tools. While these are important, there is a more basic need for tools that support connecting physicists to work together on an ad hoc or continuous basis. Tools that support the day-to-day connectivity and underlying needs of a group of collaborators are important for providing light-weight, non-intrusive, and flexible ways to work collaboratively. Some example tools include messaging, file-sharing, and shared plot viewers. An important component of the environment is a scalable underlying communication framework. In this paper we will describe our current progress on building a dynamic and ad hoc collaboration environment and our vision for its evolution into a HENP collaboration environment.

  5. Ad–hoc Workflows for Higher Education

    OpenAIRE

    Martinho, David; Coelho, Samuel; Guerra e Silva, Luis; Carvalho, João Carlos; Severo, Rita; Cruz, Luis; Ventura, Artur; Santos, Pedro; Barata, Ricardo

    2015-01-01

    It is commonplace in higher education institutions, for a large number of informal business processes to be handled through e–mail. However, e–mail fails to properly support traceability, and it fosters artifact duplication. This paper introduces GEARS: a solution to the e–mail overuse phenomenon. GEARS is a new approach to ad–hoc workflow systems that focuses on keeping the simplicity of the e–mail user experience while implementing a participation–driven process execution.

  6. Post hoc analyses: after the facts.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Srinivas, Titte R; Ho, Bing; Kang, Joseph; Kaplan, Bruce

    2015-01-01

    Prospective clinical trials are constructed with high levels of internal validity. Sample size and power considerations usually address primary endpoints. Primary endpoints have traditionally included events that are becoming increasingly less common and thus have led to growing use of composite endpoints and noninferiority trial designs in transplantation. This approach may mask real clinical benefit in one or the other domain with regard to either clinically relevant secondary endpoints or other unexpected findings. In addition, endpoints solely chosen based on power considerations are prone to misjudgment of actual treatment effect size as well as consistency of that effect. In the instances where treatment effects may have been underestimated, valuable information may be lost if buried within a composite endpoint. In all these cases, analyses and post hoc analyses of data become relevant in informing practitioners about clinical benefits or safety signals that may not be captured by the primary endpoint. On the other hand, there are many pitfalls in using post hoc determined endpoints. This short review is meant to allow readers to appreciate post hoc analysis not as an entity with a single approach, but rather as an analysis with unique limitations and strengths that often raise new questions to be addressed in further inquiries.

  7. Transmission Strategies in MIMO Ad Hoc Networks

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Fakih Khalil

    2009-01-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Precoding problem in multiple-input multiple-output (MIMO ad hoc networks is addressed in this work. Firstly, we consider the problem of maximizing the system mutual information under a power constraint. In this context, we give a brief overview of the nonlinear optimization methods, and systematically we compare their performances. Then, we propose a fast and distributed algorithm based on the quasi-Newton methods to give a lower bound of the system capacity of MIMO ad hoc networks. Our proposed algorithm solves the maximization problem while diminishing the amount of information in the feedback links needed in the cooperative optimization. Secondly, we propose a different problem formulation, which consists in minimizing the total transmit power under a quality of signal constraint. This novel problem design is motivated since the packets are captured in ad hoc networks based on their signal-to-interference-plus-noise ratio (SINR values. We convert the proposed formulation into semidefinite optimization problem, which can be solved numerically using interior point methods. Finally, an extensive set of simulations validates the proposed algorithms.

  8. AD HOC Networks for the Autonomous Car

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ron, Davidescu; Negrus, Eugen

    2017-10-01

    The future of the vehicle is made of cars, roads and infrastructures connected in a two way automated communication in a holistic system. It is a mandatory to use Encryption to maintain Confidentiality, Integrity and Availability in an ad hoc vehicle network. Vehicle to Vehicle communication, requires multichannel interaction between mobile, moving and changing parties to insure the full benefit from data sharing and real time decision making, a network of such users referred as mobile ad hoc network (MANET), however as ad hoc networks were not implemented in such a scale, it is not clear what is the best method and protocol to apply. Furthermore the visibility of secure preferred asymmetric encrypted ad hoc networks in a real time environment of dense moving autonomous vehicles has to be demonstrated, In order to evaluate the performance of Ad Hoc networks in changing conditions a simulation of multiple protocols was performed on large number of mobile nodes. The following common routing protocols were tested, DSDV is a proactive protocol, every mobile station maintains a routing table with all available destinations, DSR is a reactive routing protocol which allows nodes in the MANET to dynamically discover a source route across multiple network hops, AODV is a reactive routing protocol Instead of being proactive. It minimizes the number of broadcasts by creating routes based on demand, SAODV is a secure version of AODV, requires heavyweight asymmetric cryptographic, ARIANDE is a routing protocol that relies on highly efficient symmetric cryptography the concept is primarily based on DSR. A methodical evolution was performed in a various density of transportation, based on known communication bench mark parameters including, Throughput Vs. time, Routing Load per packets and bytes. Out of the none encrypted protocols, It is clear that in terms of performance of throughput and routing load DSR protocol has a clear advantage the high node number mode. The encrypted

  9. Session: Offshore wind

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Gaarde, Jette; Ram, Bonnie

    2004-09-01

    This session at the Wind Energy and Birds/Bats workshop consisted of two presentations. Due to time constraints, a discussion period was not possible. The session addressed the current state of offshore wind energy development. The first presentation ''Monitoring Program and Results: Horns Rev and Nysted'' by Jette Gaarde summarized selected environmental studies conducted to date at operating offshore wind turbine projects in Denmark and lessons from other offshore wind developments in Europe. Wildlife impacts studies from the Danish sites focused on birds, fish, and mammals. The second presentation ''What has the U.S. Wind Industry Learned from the European Example'' by Bonnie Ram provided an update on current permit applications for offshore wind developments in the U.S. as well as lessons that may be drawn from the European experience.

  10. Sessions as Propositions

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sam Lindley

    2014-06-01

    Full Text Available Recently, Wadler presented a continuation-passing translation from a session-typed functional language, GV, to a process calculus based on classical linear logic, CP. However, this translation is one-way: CP is more expressive than GV. We propose an extension of GV, called HGV, and give translations showing that it is as expressive as CP. The new translations shed light both on the original translation from GV to CP, and on the limitations in expressiveness of GV.

  11. Henry Head and the Theatre of Reverie

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Tiffany Watt-Smith

    2011-04-01

    Full Text Available In 1903, the neurologist Henry Head (1861-1940 embarked on a painful self-experiment, in which he severed the radial nerve of his left arm, and then charted the gradual and faltering return of sensitivity to the limb over the next four and a half years. To directly experience his own sensations, Head entered into a trance-like state of distraction or reverie he called a ‘negative attitude of attention’. This article explores Head’s peculiar technique for looking within, and argues that while introspection was an established strategy in psychological laboratories, Head’s reverie also resonated with techniques associated with actors and theatrical audiences during this period. Viewing psychological self-experimentation through the lens of theatre, this article makes visible aspects of Head’s embodied, affective laboratory encounters, often obscured in accounts of his experiment. At the same time, it proposes that the broader historical and cultural significance of Head’s experiment lies in his attempt to observe himself by producing states of inattention and reverie at will, mental ‘attitudes’ that were themselves the subject of a rapidly evolving debate in scientific and aesthetic circles at the turn of the twentieth century.

  12. The role of culture in effective HIV/AIDS communication by theatre in ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    inclusion of cultural norms and values of the target population has acted as a stumbling block in the effective communication of HIV/AIDS messages by theatre groups in the country. Keywords: theatre, culture, communities, effective communication, ...

  13. Methods of recording theatre activity across publicly funded hospitals in Ireland.

    LENUS (Irish Health Repository)

    Cronin, J

    2013-10-13

    A review of theatre activity in all Health Service Executive (HSE) hospitals in Cork and Kerry in 2008 required a manual extraction of theatre activity data from largely paper-based logbooks. A key data management recommendation suggested that "a standardised computerised theatre logbook system be developed in all hospitals in the region". HSE (2010) Reconfiguration of health services for Cork and Kerry-theatre utilisation review. ISBN 978-1-906218-54-6.

  14. Session: Hard Rock Penetration

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Tennyson, George P. Jr.; Dunn, James C.; Drumheller, Douglas S.; Glowka, David A.; Lysne, Peter

    1992-01-01

    This session at the Geothermal Energy Program Review X: Geothermal Energy and the Utility Market consisted of five presentations: ''Hard Rock Penetration - Summary'' by George P. Tennyson, Jr.; ''Overview - Hard Rock Penetration'' by James C. Dunn; ''An Overview of Acoustic Telemetry'' by Douglas S. Drumheller; ''Lost Circulation Technology Development Status'' by David A. Glowka; ''Downhole Memory-Logging Tools'' by Peter Lysne.

  15. Session: Geopressured-Geothermal

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Jelacic, Allan J.; Eaton, Ben A.; Shook, G. Michael; Birkinshaw, Kelly; Negus-de Wys, Jane

    1992-01-01

    This session at the Geothermal Energy Program Review X: Geothermal Energy and the Utility Market consisted of five presentations: ''Overview of Geopressured-Geothermal'' by Allan J. Jelacic; ''Geothermal Well Operations and Automation in a Competitive Market'' by Ben A. Eaton; ''Reservoir Modeling and Prediction at Pleasant Bayou Geopressured-Geothermal Reservoir'' by G. Michael Shook; ''Survey of California Geopressured-Geothermal'' by Kelly Birkinshaw; and ''Technology Transfer, Reaching the Market for Geopressured-Geothermal Resources'' by Jane Negus-de Wys.

  16. ICALEPS 2005 : opening session

    CERN Multimedia

    Maximilien Brice

    2005-01-01

    ICALEPCS 2005, the tenth International Conference on Accelerator and Large Experimental Physics Control Systems, will be held in Geneva, Switzerland, 10-14 Oct. 2005 at the International Conference Center Geneva (CICG). ICALEPCS 2005 thus falls in the year that UNESCO has declared the "World Year of Physics". ICALEPCS covers all aspects of control and operation of Experimental Physics facilities such as particle accelerators, particle detectors, optical telescopes, radio telescopes, nuclear fusion facilities like Tokamaks, nuclear reactors, lasers, etc .... Opening session by . A. Daneels (CERN): Introducting ICALEPCS 2005 . C.Lamprecht (Republic & State of Geneva): Welcome speech . J. Lister (EPFL): Welcome speech . J. Engelen (CERN): The machine and experiment challenges of LHC

  17. Session: Reservoir Technology

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Renner, Joel L.; Bodvarsson, Gudmundur S.; Wannamaker, Philip E.; Horne, Roland N.; Shook, G. Michael

    1992-01-01

    This session at the Geothermal Energy Program Review X: Geothermal Energy and the Utility Market consisted of five papers: ''Reservoir Technology'' by Joel L. Renner; ''LBL Research on the Geysers: Conceptual Models, Simulation and Monitoring Studies'' by Gudmundur S. Bodvarsson; ''Geothermal Geophysical Research in Electrical Methods at UURI'' by Philip E. Wannamaker; ''Optimizing Reinjection Strategy at Palinpinon, Philippines Based on Chloride Data'' by Roland N. Horne; ''TETRAD Reservoir Simulation'' by G. Michael Shook

  18. Theatre/Drama and the Development of the Greek Curriculum: Coercion or Liberty?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Giannouli, Panagiota-Betty

    2016-01-01

    This vignette focuses on Theatre/Drama in the Greek curriculum. Issues for consideration are presented, such as the minimal space for active learning through theatre, the limited opportunity of teachers to work as critical pedagogues and the problematic conceptual framework. A main issue is the fragmented implementation as Theatre/Drama is not…

  19. Stepping into the Unknown--Welfare, Disability, Culture and Theatre as an Opportunity for Equality?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Saur, Ellen; Johansen, Oddbjørn

    2013-01-01

    This article shares the author's experiences with a political theatre employing 15 professional actors with learning disabilities. The theatre is now owned by the local municipality after a trial period of three years. In these three years, the authors have been project leaders at the theatre and were responsible for doing research and documenting…

  20. Play-Building: Creating a Documentary Theatre Performance in a High School Setting

    Science.gov (United States)

    van Eyck, Philip

    2013-01-01

    This paper describes a high school theatre program's project in which Anna Deavere Smith's documentary theatre work serves as the foundation for play-building for students. Research in theatre arts supports the use of play-building as a way to explore major themes of relevance to students. However, there is little research addressing documentary…

  1. Learning Robotics in a Science Museum Theatre Play: Investigation of Learning Outcomes, Contexts and Experiences

    Science.gov (United States)

    Peleg, Ran; Baram-Tsabari, Ayelet

    2017-01-01

    Theatre is often introduced into science museums to enhance visitor experience. While learning in museums exhibitions received considerable research attention, learning from museum theatre has not. The goal of this exploratory study was to investigate the potential educational role of a science museum theatre play. The study aimed to investigate…

  2. Performing Environmental Change: MED Theatre and the Changing Face of Community-Based Performance Research

    Science.gov (United States)

    Schaefer, Kerrie

    2012-01-01

    This article examines a programme of work produced by community-based theatre company, Manaton and East Dartmoor (MED) Theatre, addressing issues of climate change as they impact on life in rural Devon, UK. After some discussion of MED Theatre's constitution as a community-based company and the group's long-term engagement with the place, history,…

  3. Rethinking Theatre Teacher Education: A National Think Tank for Change-Makers.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lazarus, Joan

    2002-01-01

    Discusses development of the American Alliance for Theatre and Education's Think Tanks on Theatre Teacher Education. Notes the think tanks were intended to probe important issues, move to a new level of thinking, and hopefully, effect change in individual and collective practice of theatre teacher education. (SG)

  4. Costume and Make-Up as Indispensable Arts in Theatre Practice

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Precious

    Costume and Make-Up as Indispensable Arts in Theatre Practice : A Historical Survey. Olapeju Shuaib. Department of the Performing Arts. University of lIorin,. lIorin, Nigeria. Introduction. Theatre is one of the oldest art forms and one can rightly claim that the fundamental act of theatre occurs whenever an actor or actress ...

  5. Reducing bacterial contamination in an Orthopedic Theatre ventilated by natural ventilation, in a Developing Country.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Thomas, Stephanie; Palmer, Rish; Phillipo, Edward; Chipungu, Geoffrey

    2016-05-31

    All surgical procedures have the potential for infection and some of the main sources are contamination from airborne particles, theatre personnel and the theatre environment.  There is strong evidence that the use of ultra-clean air flow systems in orthopedic operating theatres reduces the incidence of deep sepsis after surgery. In the developing world however, this is often an unrealistic solution. The aim of this study was to establish baseline levels of contamination in a working orthopedic theatre, at the Queen Elizabeth Central Hospital, Blantyre, Malawi. To feedback results to the theatre team, promote infection prevention discussion and work with the team to implement workable and realistic goals to improve the intra-operative environment. Samples were collected from theatre equipment available at the time of surgery, from theatre water and theatre air using passive air sampling techniques. Samples were immediately transferred to the Central Microbiology Laboratory for culture on basic culture media. Bacterial contamination of theatre equipment, intra-operative theatre air and water was detected. Results were discussed with the theatre and infection prevention team who were receptive to feedback with regards to infection prevention strategies and keen to develop simple measures which could be put in place to change practice. In this setting, we suggest that implementing workable and realistic goals such as, establishing baseline rates of bacterial contamination and introduction of strict protocols for asepsis and theatre etiquette, may reduce bacterial contamination rates and subsequent intra-operative infection in the absence of expensive engineering solutions.

  6. The Israeli-Palestinian Conflict through Theatre: A Qualitative Study of Israeli High School Students

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gesser-Edelsburg, Anat

    2012-01-01

    Both theatre artists and educators believe the theatre has many advantages as a vehicle for the promotion of social and political issues. This study examines how the Israeli theatre represents the Israeli-Palestinian conflict and promotes peace and tolerance among young people. The study, conducted between the years 2005 and 2007, included 26…

  7. The Praxis of Theatre for Development in Curbing Social Menace in Urban Slum in Lagos State

    Science.gov (United States)

    Adeyemi, Olusola Smith

    2015-01-01

    Theatre for Development (TfD) is a special kind of Theatre practice that creates a platform for members of a specific community to respond to, and actively participate in issues relating to their social development through an engaging process of play and acting. The sole essence of this form of theatre is to sensitize, radicalize and conscientize…

  8. Returning to Roots: Pinter as Alternative Theatre Playwright

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Michael Devine

    2012-06-01

    Full Text Available The theatrical oeuvre of Harold Pinter has its origins in the alternative theatre movement in Britain in the late 1950s. This paper will examine two later, well-known plays, The Caretaker and Betrayal, as case studies for an examination of how the alternative theatre elements which informed Pinter’s early work continue to be present in plays which are generally regarded as more theatrically conventional and mainstream. The theatrical context in which Pinter first developed has become obscured by his commercial success and political notoriety. It can be argued that the natural position for this playwright on the theatrical spectrum lies within the fringe and alternative theatre communities. This paper explores the idea that Brook, Brecht and Grotowskian techniques may be more effective, and more organic, to Pinter’s work than the mainly realistic interpretations which became the norm as the playwright’s celebrity increased.

  9. The classical dramatic text and its value in contemporary theatre

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Nina Žavbi Milojević

    2013-06-01

    Full Text Available This paper deals with the classical dramatic text and its staging in contemporary theatre. Specifically, it aims to show that classical texts can address topical issues. This is illustrated by the example of several stagings of Ivan Cankar’s Hlapci, one of the most influential dramatic texts in Slovene literature. The history of this dramatic text is presented from its first publication and reception to the different stagings in various Slovene professional theatres. The focus is on how the situation in Slovene society is reflected in each examined staging. The drama Hlapci was first staged almost one hundred years ago, when the staging followed closely the dramatic text. However, after 1980 stagings became more independent from the text and more artistic freedom was allowed. The paper will prove that classical dramatic texts are very appropriate for staging in contemporary theatre, especially with an innovative director’s approach.

  10. Nomadinnen des Theaters Female Nomads of the Theatre

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Christel Weiler

    2002-03-01

    Full Text Available Die Dissertation untersucht die soziale und rechtliche Situation von Frauen an deutschen Wanderbühnen, ihre Gestaltungs- und Wirkungsmöglichkeiten und die damit einhergehenden Selbst- und Fremdwahrnehmungen. Dabei erhält das aktuelle Verständnis von Theater eine historische Perspektivierung. Der Blick auf die besondere Rolle und Funktion der Frauen an den deutschen Wanderbühnen liefert Grundlagenmaterial für weitergehende theaterhistorische Forschungen.This dissertation examines the social and legal situation of women in German touring companies in the 17th and 18th century. Moreover, Puschmann investigates the actresses’ opportunities for agency and creativity in their specific lifeworlds, the ways in which they positioned themselves and the ways in which they were constructed and perceived by others. This work provides a historical perspective on current understandings of theatre as well as the role of women in theatre, and offers basic information for further research on the history of theatre.

  11. Patients' preferred mode of travel to the orthopaedic theatre.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Humphrey, Joel A; Johnson, Sarah L; Patel, Shilen; Malik, Muzaffar; Willis-Owen, Charles A; Bendall, Stephen

    2015-04-18

    To determine the preferred mode of travel to the operating theatre for elective orthopaedic patients. Data was collected prospectively over a 2-wk period at an elective Orthopaedic Treatment Centre. Patients were asked to complete a patient satisfaction questionnaire following their surgery on their experience and subsequent preferred mode of transport to theatre. The data was then recorded in a tabulated format and analysed with percentages. Fisher's exact test was used to determine if there was any statistical association between patients' preference to walk and various groups; in-patient or day case procedures, and whether patients were 60 years of age. Seventy patients (40 females and 30 males) fully completed the questionnaire. In total there were 33 d-cases and 37 in-patients. The spectrum of orthopaedic sub-specialties included was knee (41%), hip (17%), foot and ankle (24%), spine (13%) and upper limb (4%). Patient satisfaction for overall experience of travelling to theatre was either excellent (77%) or good (23%). Following their experience of travelling to theatre, 87% (95%CI: 79%-95%) of the total cohort would have preferred to walk to the operating theatre. There was a statistically significant association (P = 0.003) between patients' preference to walk and whether they were day-case or in-patients. Similarly, there was a statistically significance association (P = 0.028) between patients' preference to walk and whether they were 60 years of age. This study confirms the majority of Orthopaedic elective patients would prefer to walk to theatre, when given the choice and if practically possible.

  12. Patients’ preferred mode of travel to the orthopaedic theatre

    Science.gov (United States)

    Humphrey, Joel A; Johnson, Sarah L; Patel, Shilen; Malik, Muzaffar; Willis-Owen, Charles A; Bendall, Stephen

    2015-01-01

    AIM: To determine the preferred mode of travel to the operating theatre for elective orthopaedic patients. METHODS: Data was collected prospectively over a 2-wk period at an elective Orthopaedic Treatment Centre. Patients were asked to complete a patient satisfaction questionnaire following their surgery on their experience and subsequent preferred mode of transport to theatre. The data was then recorded in a tabulated format and analysed with percentages. Fisher’s exact test was used to determine if there was any statistical association between patients’ preference to walk and various groups; in-patient or day case procedures, and whether patients were 60 years of age. RESULTS: Seventy patients (40 females and 30 males) fully completed the questionnaire. In total there were 33 d-cases and 37 in-patients. The spectrum of orthopaedic sub-specialties included was knee (41%), hip (17%), foot and ankle (24%), spine (13%) and upper limb (4%). Patient satisfaction for overall experience of travelling to theatre was either excellent (77%) or good (23%). Following their experience of travelling to theatre, 87% (95%CI: 79%-95%) of the total cohort would have preferred to walk to the operating theatre. There was a statistically significant association (P = 0.003) between patients’ preference to walk and whether they were day-case or in-patients. Similarly, there was a statistically significance association (P = 0.028) between patients’ preference to walk and whether they were 60 years of age. CONCLUSION: This study confirms the majority of Orthopaedic elective patients would prefer to walk to theatre, when given the choice and if practically possible. PMID:25893179

  13. Save the mystery - staging specificity of Pina Bausch's dance theatre

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Monika Roszak

    2009-01-01

    Full Text Available In the article are presented the fundamental determinants of the style of the theatre of Pina Bausch. Tanztheater Wuppertal performances delight with their totality and originality (stage design, costumes, the musical layer, textual layer. Montage, collage, acting based on improvisation - these are the means which are the pillars of Bausch's theatre. Tanztheater Wuppertal performances have reformed the modern ballet and created a new kind of performance based - apart from dance, movement and pantomime - on the realistic activities, routine behaviours, dialogues and singing.

  14. Theatre of Presence - Antero Alli's Paratheatrical ReSearch Lab

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Isar, Nicoletta

    Nicoletta Isar: Theatre of Presence - Antero Alli's Paratheatrical ReSearch Lab "When the ritual of theatre has died it's time to return to the vital sources underlying the creation of culture itself and, with the stealth of devoted ninjas, start inciting a series of benevolent attacks to expose...... approach, yet almost unbearable by its radicalism. "Our intent is not to entertain or educate but to fascinate, to fasten attention to an ever-changing terrain of the human condition ...to incite our most visceral and spiritual resonances." (Alli) As I hope to show in this paper, Alli's paratheatrical labs...

  15. Tartu Old Anatomical Theatre 200-Contribution of German anatomists.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Aunapuu, Marina; Puusepp, Margus; Toomsalu, Maie; Arend, Andres

    2005-09-01

    One of the first centres of medical higher education in the Baltic countries was the University of Tartu (Dorpat), which was founded in 1632 by the Swedish King Gustavus Adolphus II. The University's first genuinely own building, however, the Old Anatomical Theatre, was completed only in 1805 after the re-opening of the University (1802). This year marks the 200th anniversary of its opening. The Old Anatomical Theatre has played an important role in Estonian medicine, and also a number of German morphologists, who have left a deep mark in world science, have worked in this building at different times.

  16. Localising People's Theatre in East Asia: Performing Hakka Women and Pear-Growers on Taiwan's Fault Line

    Science.gov (United States)

    Liang, Peilin

    2012-01-01

    Since the 1960s and 1970s, theatre artists from around the globe initiated a wave of theatre practice that is commonly known today as People's Theatre or Theatre for Empowerment. Transforming its participants from being mere "spectactors" to "spect-actors" capable of articulating their concerns on-stage, the ultimate goal of…

  17. Enhancing patient safety in the operating theatre: from the perspective of experienced operating theatre nurses.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ingvarsdottir, Eydis; Halldorsdottir, Sigridur

    2017-09-22

    Surgical care is an extensive component of modern health care, but patient safety issues and complications of surgery have been identified as a major cause of death and disability. The aim of this study was to identify, from the perspective of experienced operating theatre nurses (OTNs), how patient safety in the operating theatre (OT) can be enhanced. In this phenomenological study, 14 individual interviews were conducted with a purposive sample of 11 participants: ten women and one man. Work experience as an OTN spanned 10-40 years. Mean experience was 16 years. The enhancement of patient safety in the OT from the perspective of the experienced OTNs is a constant endeavour of managing risks and preventing patient harm it involves respecting the vulnerability of the patient in the OT by being attentive to the patient at each moment, making contact with the patient and recognising how the patient loses all control by being anaesthetised or sedated and is, therefore totally dependent on OT staff. It also involves the OTN navigating the patient as safely as possible through the perioperative process by careful preparation, the use of protocols and checklists and taking measures to prevent complications and harm. Moreover, it involves contributing to a culture of safety by improving work conditions in the OT. Certain competencies of the OTN are essential for the enhancement of patient safety in the OT. These involve both nontechnical and technical competencies. Constantly managing risk and preventing the OT patient from harm is essential according to the experienced OTNs, who are in a key position to identify threats to patient safety and should be empowered to enhance patient safety as a constant endeavour. © 2017 Nordic College of Caring Science.

  18. Exploring Australasian surgical trainees' satisfaction with operating theatre learning using the 'surgical theatre educational environment measure'.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mahoney, Adam; Crowe, Philip J; Harris, Peter

    2010-12-01

    Surgical trainees' operating theatre (OT) experiences significantly influence their ability to attain key professional competencies. A measure of trainees' satisfaction with this learning environment would allow recognition of characteristics of highly successful teaching venues and threats to trainee development. Our study aimed to validate the Surgical Theatre Educational Environment Measure (STEEM) and use it to explore Australasian surgical trainees' satisfaction with OT learning. In a cross-sectional study, the STEEM was distributed electronically to all 1500 Royal Australasian College of Surgeons trainees in Australia and New Zealand. Trainee satisfaction was gauged using Likert-type items, an overall satisfaction measure and content analysis of free-text comments. The STEEM's psychometric properties were evaluated using exploratory factor analysis. Three hundred fifty-six responses were received. The STEEM's original subscales were not supported by the data; empirically grounded subscales were identified for further analysis. Most trainees were satisfied with their OT environment and satisfaction was higher in senior than junior trainees. Trainees' relationship with their supervisor correlated most strongly with overall satisfaction. Less positively, only half of trainees report discussing their operative role with their supervisor prior to surgery. The a priori STEEM subscales could not be replicated by factor analysis. We developed an empirically grounded instrument capable of identifying areas of trainee concern. The majority of trainees reported high levels of satisfaction. The revised instrument has potential to complement other sources of information to facilitate surgical supervisors' difficult task of optimizing trainees' compatibility with their OT learning environments. © 2010 The Authors. ANZ Journal of Surgery © 2010 Royal Australasian College of Surgeons.

  19. Session Types at the Mirror

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Luca Padovani

    2009-12-01

    Full Text Available We (redefine session types as projections of process behaviors with respect to the communication channels they use. In this setting, we give session types a semantics based on fair testing. The outcome is a unified theory of behavioral types that shares common aspects with conversation types and that encompass features of both dyadic and multi-party session types. The point of view we provide sheds light on the nature of session types and gives us a chance to reason about them in a framework where every notion, from well-typedness to the subtyping relation between session types, is semantically -rather than syntactically- grounded.

  20. Methods of recording theatre activity across publicly funded hospitals in Ireland.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cronin, J; Healy, O; Hegarty, H; Murray, D

    2014-09-01

    A review of theatre activity in all Health Service Executive (HSE) hospitals in Cork and Kerry in 2008 required a manual extraction of theatre activity data from largely paper-based log books. A key data management recommendation suggested that "a standardised computerised theatre log book system be developed in all hospitals in the region". HSE (2010) Reconfiguration of health services for Cork and Kerry—theatre utilisation review. ISBN 978-1-906218-54-6. In 2010, a computerised minimum dataset project group conducted a telephone survey of theatre managers nationally to determine the methods of recording theatre activity across publicly funded hospital theatres in Ireland. Sixty-one percent of acute hospitals nationally did not have a computerised theatre register. Of those who did, 15 % had a fully electronic system, 13 % had a dual paper-based and electronic system and 7 % had a single surgical specialty system. The HSE South region was significantly deprived of an electronic operating system in comparison to other HSE regions. While the total number of fully computerised hospital theatres remained small,they still dealt with the greater number of hospital discharges nationally. The roll-out of the productive operating theatre programme is facilitating the implementation of operating room management systems on a phased basis nationally. This will greatly facilitate audit, research,patient care and theatre efficiencies.

  1. Reducing the risk of surgical site infection: a case controlled study of contamination of theatre clothing.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sivanandan, Indu; Bowker, Karen E; Bannister, Gordon C; Soar, Jasmeet

    2011-02-01

    Surgical site infections are one of the most important causes of healthcare associated infections (HCAI), accounting for 20% of all HCAIs. Surgical site infections affect 1% of joint replacement operations. This study was designed to assess whether theatre clothing is contaminated more inside or outside the theatre suite. Petri dishes filled with horse blood agar were pressed on theatre clothes at 0, 2, 4, 6 and 8 hours to sample bacterial contamination in 20 doctors whilst working in and outside the theatre suite. The results showed that there was greater bacterial contamination when outside the theatre suite at 2 hours. There were no differences in the amount of contamination at 4, 6 and 8 hours. This study suggests that the level of contamination of theatre clothes is similar both inside and outside the theatre setting.

  2. Ad hoc mobile wireless networks principles, protocols, and applications

    CERN Document Server

    Sarkar, Subir Kumar

    2013-01-01

    The military, the research community, emergency services, and industrial environments all rely on ad hoc mobile wireless networks because of their simple infrastructure and minimal central administration. Now in its second edition, Ad Hoc Mobile Wireless Networks: Principles, Protocols, and Applications explains the concepts, mechanism, design, and performance of these highly valued systems. Following an overview of wireless network fundamentals, the book explores MAC layer, routing, multicast, and transport layer protocols for ad hoc mobile wireless networks. Next, it examines quality of serv

  3. Ad hoc mobile wireless networks principles, protocols and applications

    CERN Document Server

    Sarkar, Subir Kumar; Puttamadappa, C

    2007-01-01

    Ad hoc mobile wireless networks have seen increased adaptation in a variety of disciplines because they can be deployed with simple infrastructures and virtually no central administration. In particular, the development of ad hoc wireless and sensor networks provides tremendous opportunities in areas including disaster recovery, defense, health care, and industrial environments. Ad Hoc Mobile Wireless Networks: Principles, Protocols and Applications explains the concepts, mechanisms, design, and performance of these systems. It presents in-depth explanations of the latest wireless technologies

  4. A User Authentication Scheme Based on Elliptic Curves Cryptography for Wireless Ad Hoc Networks.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Chen, Huifang; Ge, Linlin; Xie, Lei

    2015-07-14

    The feature of non-infrastructure support in a wireless ad hoc network (WANET) makes it suffer from various attacks. Moreover, user authentication is the first safety barrier in a network. A mutual trust is achieved by a protocol which enables communicating parties to authenticate each other at the same time and to exchange session keys. For the resource-constrained WANET, an efficient and lightweight user authentication scheme is necessary. In this paper, we propose a user authentication scheme based on the self-certified public key system and elliptic curves cryptography for a WANET. Using the proposed scheme, an efficient two-way user authentication and secure session key agreement can be achieved. Security analysis shows that our proposed scheme is resilient to common known attacks. In addition, the performance analysis shows that our proposed scheme performs similar or better compared with some existing user authentication schemes.

  5. A User Authentication Scheme Based on Elliptic Curves Cryptography for Wireless Ad Hoc Networks

    Science.gov (United States)

    Chen, Huifang; Ge, Linlin; Xie, Lei

    2015-01-01

    The feature of non-infrastructure support in a wireless ad hoc network (WANET) makes it suffer from various attacks. Moreover, user authentication is the first safety barrier in a network. A mutual trust is achieved by a protocol which enables communicating parties to authenticate each other at the same time and to exchange session keys. For the resource-constrained WANET, an efficient and lightweight user authentication scheme is necessary. In this paper, we propose a user authentication scheme based on the self-certified public key system and elliptic curves cryptography for a WANET. Using the proposed scheme, an efficient two-way user authentication and secure session key agreement can be achieved. Security analysis shows that our proposed scheme is resilient to common known attacks. In addition, the performance analysis shows that our proposed scheme performs similar or better compared with some existing user authentication schemes. PMID:26184224

  6. Automatically extracting information needs from Ad Hoc clinical questions.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Yu, Hong; Cao, Yong-Gang

    2008-11-06

    Automatically extracting information needs from ad hoc clinical questions is an important step towards medical question answering. In this work, we first explored supervised machine-learning approaches to automatically classify an ad hoc clinical question into general topics. We then evaluated different methods for automatically extracting keywords from an ad hoc clinical question. Our methods were evaluated on the 4,654 clinical questions maintained by the National Library of Medicine. Our best systems or methods showed F-score of 76% for the task of question-topic classification and an average F-score of 56% for extracting keywords from ad hoc clinical questions.

  7. Intrusion detection in wireless ad-hoc networks

    CERN Document Server

    Chaki, Nabendu

    2014-01-01

    Presenting cutting-edge research, Intrusion Detection in Wireless Ad-Hoc Networks explores the security aspects of the basic categories of wireless ad-hoc networks and related application areas. Focusing on intrusion detection systems (IDSs), it explains how to establish security solutions for the range of wireless networks, including mobile ad-hoc networks, hybrid wireless networks, and sensor networks.This edited volume reviews and analyzes state-of-the-art IDSs for various wireless ad-hoc networks. It includes case studies on honesty-based intrusion detection systems, cluster oriented-based

  8. Costumes in Igogo Masquerade Theatre of the Ekiti People | Bakare ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    This article analyses costume materials and designs as well as signs, symbols and their meanings in the masquerade theatre of the Igogo community in Ekiti ... Deploying the key informant interview (KII), semiotic analysis and direct observation methods, the study highlights and discusses the socio-aesthetic attributes of ...

  9. The productive operating theatre and lean thinking systems.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kasivisvanathan, R; Chekairi, A

    2014-11-01

    The concept of 'lean thinking' first originated in the manufacturing industry as a means of improving productivity whilst maintaining quality through eliminating wasteful processes. The purpose of this article is to demonstrate how the principles of 'lean thinking' are relevant to healthcare and the operating theatre, with reference to our own institutional experience.

  10. Vectors of participation in contemporary theatre and performance

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Bala, S.

    2012-01-01

    This article explores the notion of participation in contemporary theatre and performance on two levels, namely how participation is shaped within performance, and how performance participates in the public sphere. Using recent examples from Sudan, Russia and Lebanon/Netherlands, I investigate how

  11. Towards a University Popular Theatre: The Case of University of ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Part of the argument, therefore, is that the theatre practiced in the University of Botswana [UB], in spite of its academic demands, needs to seriously rethink the social function of being in touch with the community, an idea which was pioneered in Botswana by the now defunct Laedza Batanani project, which has roots in UB.

  12. Dialectics and Dynamics of Religion in Theatre: Reflections on ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    This article problematises, contextualises and interprets the complex and dynamic relationship between Christianity and the African traditional religion as it is reflected in Zimbabwean theatre. The focus lies on the construction of images and symbols relating to gender and sexuality in two selected theatrical performances ...

  13. THE THEATRE ARTIST'S DILEMMA IN THE TASK OF ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    imitch

    THE THEATRE ARTIST'S DILEMMA IN THE TASK OF REBRANDING NIGERIA: DEFINING THE ... The Task. The task before us is that of re-branding the nation to ensure speedy development in the face of the ..... erring target audience and achieve the desired goal of change by a new approach to the presentation of the.

  14. The pitfalls of postoperative theatre to intensive care unit handovers ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Postoperative handovers present a critical step in the management of intensive care unit (ICU) patients. There are many challenges in the transportation of unstable patients with complex medical histories from theatre to the ICU, and the subsequent transfer of responsibility for care from one group of caregivers to another.

  15. Identity, Knowledge and Participation: Health Theatre for Children

    Science.gov (United States)

    Grabowski, Dan

    2013-01-01

    Purpose: The main aim of the paper is to explore whether health theatre as a school-based health promotion initiative communicates relevant health knowledge to children and the interrelated processes of identity development, knowledge acquisition and participation. Development of the definition of "health identity" was a subsidiary…

  16. Reflecting on the Challenges of Applied Theatre in Kenya

    Science.gov (United States)

    Okuto, Maxwel; Smith, Bobby

    2017-01-01

    In this article the authors draw on their own experience and research in applied theatre in Kenya in order to reflect on challenges currently facing practitioners working in the country. In order to outline the range of challenges faced by practitioners, issues related to the wider landscapes of government and politics in Kenya are explored,…

  17. Drama and Theatre Education in Canada: A Snapshot

    Science.gov (United States)

    Carter, Mindy R.

    2014-01-01

    This "Note from the Field" provides an overview of what is happening in Kindergarten to University drama and theatre education across Canada. In addition to this snapshot I offer some considerations for extending this discipline and its potential impact on curriculum, policy and practice.

  18. Researching the Theatre in the Third World: Issues and Insights ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    This paper, therefore, examines the issue of research in the African theatre. Particular reference is made to Nigeria, a third world country. The survey method of research was adopted for this study. Subsequently, the final population for this study consisted of 90 well-administered questionnaires in 11 Universities in Nigeria, ...

  19. Personal Stories in Applied Theatre Contexts: Redefining the Blurred Lines

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kandil, Yasmine

    2016-01-01

    Personal stories have been utilised in a variety of ways in Applied Theatre practices. The author problematises their use when the teller's safety is at stake within a given context. Inspired by neuro-anatomist Jill Bolte-Taylor's process of enlightenment through observing her stroke from the inside out, the author uses her personal experience of…

  20. Which Patients would Prefer to Walk to Theatre?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Nagraj, Shobhana; Clark, Celia Ingham; Talbot, Janine; Walker, Simon

    2006-01-01

    INTRODUCTION Increasing patient autonomy in the pre-operative period may help to lessen the anxiety associated with undergoing a surgical procedure, and may enhance patient satisfaction. This study seeks to explore patients’ preferences for mode of travel to the operating theatre. PATIENTS AND METHODS A questionnaire survey was undertaken with all patients having an in-patient or day-case surgical procedure over a 4-week period at one hospital. Results were analysed with respect to the patients’ age, gender and surgical specialty. RESULTS In all, 171 patients completed the questionnaire, 118 day-cases and 53 in-patients. In both sexes and in all age groups, the majority of patients expressed a preference to walk to theatre. The only sub-group which demonstrated an equal preference for a trolley transfer compared with walking were gynaecology patients. CONCLUSIONS These results suggest that a high proportion of patients would prefer to walk to theatre for their operation if given the choice. If the policy of offering choice were adopted, it would enhance patient autonomy and may reduce delays in transferring patients to theatre. It may also release portering resources for other purposes. PMID:16551412

  1. Twelve tips for medical students to maximise learning in theatre.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Weinberg, Daniel; Saleh, Mahdi; Sinha, Yashashwi

    2015-01-01

    Introduction into the clinical environment can be a daunting experience for medical students, especially in the operating theatre. Prior knowledge of how to prepare for theatre and cope with surgical placements is advantageous, as learning opportunities can be maximised from the start. This article provides medical students with 12 tips devised to help make the most out of their initial theatre placements. Tips were formulated based on the experiences of three senior medical students and a review of the literature. The 12 tips are (1) Know the patient and procedure, (2) Be familiar with your surgical department, (3) Familiarise yourself with different surgical attire, (4) Revise your clinical skills, (5) Be time-efficient, (6) Learn how to work in a sterile environment, (7) Avoiding syncope, (8) Impress the operating surgeon, (9) Be aware of the professional, ethical, and legal issues in surgery, (10) Use mentors to enhance your learning, (11) Embrace extra-curricular activities to enhance your insight into surgery and (12) Be acquainted with relevant support systems. These 12 tips provide guidance and opportunities to maximise learning for new clinical-phase medical students being introduced to the operating theatre for the first time.

  2. Participatory theatre and mental health recovery: a narrative inquiry.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Torrissen, Wenche; Stickley, Theo

    2018-01-01

    To identify the potential relationship between participation in theatre and mental health recovery. To give voice to the stories told by participants of Teater Vildenvei, a theatre company that has been part of the rehabilitation programme for mental health service users in Oslo since 1995. Twelve narrative interviews were conducted among participants of Teater Vildenvei, and the data were subject to a narrative analysis process following the philosophy of Paul Ricoeur and the specific methods of thematic, event and relational analysis as identified by Riessman. The narratives are considered in the theoretical light of the mental health recovery framework as identified by Leamy et al. Each participant had experienced a transformation in identity; the sense of belonging within the group was perceived as highly important to their mental health; engagement with the theatre company gives people something meaningful to do, a sense of hope and individuals feel empowered. This narrative inquiry gave opportunity for participants to elaborate on their stories of their engagement with Teater Vildenvei. It is through the richness of the data that the depth of the significance of meaning that people ascribe to their stories demonstrates the potential power of participatory theatre for mental health recovery. Because of its effects, people make life-changing and life-saving claims.

  3. Disability Theatre in Australia: A Survey and a Sector Ecology

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hadley, Bree

    2017-01-01

    In this paper, I use an ecologies approach to present reflections on the history of disability and deaf theatre in Australia, in light of the distinctive local policy, industry, and production frameworks that have supported or failed to support its development in particular directions. After tracing and categorising developments in the field to…

  4. The Economics of Theatre/Entertainment Technology in Nigeria ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    This essay therefore, discusses theatre technology and its attendant economic impact as business in Nigeria using Bradford Delong.s (2004) discourse on international capital mobility. Aspects of Delong.s position and David Throsby.s cultural capital theory form the theoretical base for this work. The essay is more situated ...

  5. Self moving patients to the operation theatre - a pilot study

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Qvarfordh, Anna Pernilla; Rovsing, Marie Louise; Esbensen, Bente Appel

    2010-01-01

    The purpose of this pilot study was to investigate patients' satisfaction with walking to the operation theatre instead of being driven in a bed or wheel chair, and to identify the need for information. In total, 75 patients (aged 15-83 years) participated in the study. A questionnaire...

  6. Silent Partners: Actor and Audience in Geese Theatre's "Journey Woman"

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bottoms, Stephen

    2010-01-01

    This essay considers the performance context and aesthetics of "Journey Woman", a play devised to initiate a week-long rehabilitative groupwork programme for female prisoners. Although Geese Theatre UK are one of the country's longest-established companies specialising in drama work within the criminal justice sector, this 2006 piece is…

  7. Readers Theatre: A different approach to English for struggling readers

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ion Drew

    2010-09-01

    Full Text Available This article presents a study of the use of Readers Theatre in English lessons with groups of academically-challenged pupils in a Norwegian lower secondary school. The study is based on the teacher’s logs, interviews with the teacher, a questionnaire answered by the pupils, and lesson observations. Readers Theatre, a group reading activity that can be used with a wide range of texts, was successfully incorporated into the curriculum with relatively small ‘fordypning’ (specialisation groups in English. These pupils had opted for more English lessons instead of learning a second foreign language. Most of them struggled with English as their first foreign language and were struggling readers. However, the majority of the pupils experienced Readers Theatre as both enjoyable and educational. The experience had a positive effect on their confidence and motivation to read. It also helped to improve their reading fluency and accuracy, for example pronunciation, and facilitated growth in vocabulary. The experience of practising and performing as a group was especially satisfying and motivating for the pupils involved. The majority were keen to participate in other Readers Theatre projects.

  8. Theatre and emergency services rendered by generalist medical ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    an operating theatre, with generalist staff supplying comprehensive level one- .... staff complement. Almost all (107;. 97%) of the respondents were South. African citizens. Twenty-eight (25%) of the respondents were female and 82. (75%) male. The average age of .... rotation under supervision.18. The role of the generalist ...

  9. Radiation dose to surgeons in theatre | van der Merwe | South ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Objectives. To evaluate the effects of ionising radiation and radiation limits, and measure radiation doses received by surgeons in theatre. Design. Thermoluminescent dosimeter measurements of accumulated dose to specific anatomical regions of a neurosurgeon, gastroenterologist and orthopaedic surgeon performing ...

  10. Performing asylum : theatre of testimony in South Africa

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Maedza, P.

    2017-01-01

    This book is based on Pedzisai Maedza's Master's thesis 'Theatre of testimony: An investigation in devising asylum', winner of the African Studies Centre, Leiden's 2014 African Thesis Award. This annual award for Master's students encourages student research and writing on Africa and promotes the

  11. Standing Ovations and Profound Learning: Cultural Diversity in Theatre.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ellis, Roger

    2000-01-01

    Describes the profound learning that took place at the International Children's Theatre Festival in Toyama City, Japan in July 2000. Argues that participation by the Japanese-American Drama Ensemble, a youth group from the public schools in Lexington, Massachusetts, and more than 400 children from all over the planet, showcased the cultural…

  12. The response of theatre personnel to the pulse oximeter alarm ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Background: False alarms and sounds in the operating theatre (OT) that alert personnel to a crisis can be irritating. This can result in personnel ignoring genuine alarm warnings. This study was carried out to determine how alert OT personnel are in response to the pulse oximeter alarm. Method: For the purposes of the ...

  13. Is the data quality of current theatre information systems satisfactory ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    2006-02-17

    Feb 17, 2006 ... all surgical procedures, traditionally a handwritten log but increasingly now maintained on a computerised system. A computerised system (Galaxy; Sanderson's. Ltd, UK) was introduced into gynaecology theatres at. Royal Cornwall Hospitals in January 2000 in parallel with the paper logs. The opportunity ...

  14. Theatre Review | Various Authors | Shakespeare in Southern Africa

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Twelfth Night: The Port Elizabeth Shakespearean Festival, February 2004; Macbeth: Directed by Geoffrey Hyland, Maynardville Open Air Theatre, January to. February 2004; The Marowitz Hamlet: Directed by Floyed de Vaal for the University of. Stellenbosch Drama Department, July 2004; Bollywood Twelfth Night: Steven ...

  15. Theatre Reviews | Various Authors | Shakespeare in Southern Africa

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Much Ado: Directed by Linda-Louise Swain. Mannville. 21 February-4 March 2006; Twelfth Night: Directed by Tamar Meskin and Tanya van der Walt. University of KwaZulu-Natal Drama and Performance Studies Programme. Pieter Scholtz Open Air Theatre. 27 May 2006. Shakespeare in Southern Africa Vol. 18 2006: pp.

  16. Theatre and laboratory workers' awareness of and safety practices ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    We assessed the level of awareness of HBV and hepatitis C virus (HCV), HBV vaccination and adoption of safety measures by theatre and laboratory workers. Methods: Structured questionnaires were administered to these workers which assessed level of knowledge of the viruses, practice of barrier protection and level of ...

  17. 407 Costumes in Igogo Masquerade Theatre of the Ekiti People ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    performances, which subsume dance, music, costume and other visual and aural arts, as popular forms of communal ... While the healing potential of theatre constituted the crux of Rasheed Musa's examination of ..... materials will eliminate the ritual features and reduce the masquerades to art works, thereby making them ...

  18. Christopher Kamlongera, Theatre for Development in Africa With ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Christopher Kamlongera's book is rather different from most of the previously published material, despite its ... Although the subtitle of the book indicates that Malawi and Zambia provide the bulk of the examples, ... in Kenya, and colonial attempts at establishing didactic. African language theatre. The eclecticism allows ...

  19. Toward a Synthesis of Science and Theatre Arts

    Science.gov (United States)

    DeMetz, Kaye

    2007-01-01

    The chasm between science the the arts has been hotly debated during the last century. History reveals that science and theatre arts (drama and dance) have shared a successful symbiosis that has benefited society for at least two millennia. This natural partnership continues to have positive effects on our culture by providing aesthetic…

  20. 407 Costumes in Igogo Masquerade Theatre of the Ekiti People ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    420. EJOTMAS: EKPOMA JOURNAL OF THEATRE AND MEDIA ARTS. 411 one may consider that the amount of purple being almost equal to the amount of yellow can also generate a discordant effect, the greenish temperament of the yellow dismisses any referral of proficiency in this particular masquerade costume. The.

  1. Theatre Practice and Social Adjustment in Nigeria | Krama | African ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    The methodology employed is heuristic in providing a framework for utilizing local alternatives in the pursuit of national development. The modest recommendation is that local processes are rational and possess the right capabilities to sustain improvement in quality life in Nigeria. Key words: Theatre, Practice, Social, ...

  2. eTheatre: Connecting with the remote audiences

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    C. Wang (Chen); E. Geelhoed; P.S. Cesar Garcia (Pablo Santiago)

    2017-01-01

    textabstractIn September 2014, a local theatre company performed "the Tempest" simultaneously at two different locations to two separate audiences. Both audiences were linked together using an advanced video system, where several cameras captured the play. This is just one example of the radical

  3. Practical Development of a High School Technical Theatre Course.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Fetzer, Ronald C.

    This document presents a week-by-week syllabus for an 18-week high school technical theatre course. This course, which may be expanded to one year or reduced to nine weeks, emphasizes having the student learn by doing, so that the teacher eventually becomes freer to concentrate on play-directing responsibilities. The document also discusses the…

  4. A Brazilian theatre model meets Zulu performance conventions ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    The play re-imagined and utilised Zulu military conventions and combined them with the Brazilian Forum Theatre methods of Augusto Boal. This combination made it possible for the inmate audiences to articulate criticisms about the behaviour of prison staff and other inmates that would otherwise have been difficult in the ...

  5. Political shifts and black theatre in South Africa

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Rangoajane, Francis L.

    2011-01-01

    Oral communication, especially through performance, has always been the basis through which Africans/blacks communicated. This became particularly so under apartheid given the fact that blacks were denied a voice, and theatre gave them that voice. The democratisation of South Africa has not only

  6. Stress and harassment among theatre nurses at the University ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Stress and harassment among theatre nurses at the University Teaching Hospital in Zambia. ... If you would like more information about how to print, save, and work with PDFs, Highwire Press provides a helpful Frequently Asked Questions about PDFs. Alternatively, you can download the PDF file directly to your computer, ...

  7. Learning to Lead, Unscripted: Developing Affiliative Leadership through Improvisational Theatre

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gagnon, Suzanne; Vough, Heather C.; Nickerson, Robert

    2012-01-01

    We argue that improvisational theatre training creates a compelling experience of co-creation through interaction and, as such, can be used to build a distinctive kind of leadership skills. Theories of leadership as relational, collaborative or shared are in pointed contrast to traditional notions of an individual "hero leader" who possesses the…

  8. The Yoruba Popular Travelling Theatre or Nigeria Lagos

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    theoretical analysis. One reason for this is that he constantly keeps the theory close to specific examples. The book is a rich source of factual infonnation: interviews with artists, statistics, quotations, extracts ... The Yoruba Popular Travelling Theatre ofNigeria gives the reader a vicarious taste of that ambience. One slightly ...

  9. John Osborne's Theatre in the Teaching and Learningof the English ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    John Osborne's Theatre in the Teaching and Learningof the English Working Class Culture. ... compares and contrasts the language of the working-class protagonist, Jimmy Porter, with that of his middle-class wife and mother in-law, and concludes with the examination of the functional aspect of Jimmy Porter's grammar.

  10. Sound Equipment Fabrication and Values in Nigerian Theatre ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    The main points of this paper is to discover ways of fabricating sound and sound effects equipment for theatrical productions in Nigeria have become of essence since most educational theatres cannot afford western sound and sound effects equipment. Even when available, they are old fashioned, compared to the ...

  11. Bacterial control through contamination control in operating theatres

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Luscuere, P.G.

    1996-01-01

    Nowadays Operating Theatres (OT's) are well established for normai surgical use in modernised world. The application of downflow systems is some 20 years old and besides incremental improvements the concept is stil) the same as from the start. The two most common concepts are based on filtered air

  12. The Era of Tadeusz Pawlikowski and Irish Theatre

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Barry Keane

    2015-07-01

    Full Text Available Tadeusz Pawlikowski was arguably Poland’s greatest theatre director of the fin de siècle. With stints as Theatre Manager in both Kraków and Lwów municipal theatres, Pawlikowski excelled in developing ensemble casts and cultivating audiences without kowtowing to popular tastes. He was also responsible for bringing many western plays to partitioned Poland, and indeed he oversaw theatrical premieres of Oscar Wilde, George Bernard Shaw and John Millington Synge. This paper will look at the production and reception of these plays and will record how there was a growing conviction amongst Polish critics that Irish dramatists would soon make a towering impact on the age. That said, not all the productions were as successful as perhaps they should have been. When in Lwów, Pawlikowski attempted to flood the city with drama and this ambition entailed brief run-throughs and the shortening of texts in order to facilitate the learning of lines. Needless to say, there was little time for work on characterization. Consequently, it was often pointed out that performances had failed to bridge the cultural gap where a foreign piece was concerned. To this end, this paper will assess both the contribution of Tadeusz Pawlikowski to Irish theatre, and the reception and legacy of the productions which took place under his directorial guidance.

  13. Receiver-Based Ad Hoc On Demand Multipath Routing Protocol for Mobile Ad Hoc Networks.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Abdulaziz Al-Nahari

    Full Text Available Decreasing the route rediscovery time process in reactive routing protocols is challenging in mobile ad hoc networks. Links between nodes are continuously established and broken because of the characteristics of the network. Finding multiple routes to increase the reliability is also important but requires a fast update, especially in high traffic load and high mobility where paths can be broken as well. The sender node keeps re-establishing path discovery to find new paths, which makes for long time delay. In this paper we propose an improved multipath routing protocol, called Receiver-based ad hoc on demand multipath routing protocol (RB-AOMDV, which takes advantage of the reliability of the state of the art ad hoc on demand multipath distance vector (AOMDV protocol with less re-established discovery time. The receiver node assumes the role of discovering paths when finding data packets that have not been received after a period of time. Simulation results show the delay and delivery ratio performances are improved compared with AOMDV.

  14. From Corporate Social Responsibility, through Entrepreneurial Orientation, to Knowledge Sharing: A Study in Cai Luong (Renovated Theatre) Theatre Companies

    Science.gov (United States)

    Tuan, Luu Trong

    2015-01-01

    Purpose: This paper aims to examine the role of antecedents such as corporate social responsibility (CSR) and entrepreneurial orientation in the chain effect to knowledge sharing among members of Cai Luong theatre companies in the Vietnamese context. Knowledge sharing contributes to the depth of the knowledge pool of both the individuals and the…

  15. Wyoming: "A Net Positive Session"

    OpenAIRE

    Schuhmann, Robert A.

    2016-01-01

    Wyoming’s general legislative session concluded March 6, 2015 with the passage of 185 bills and nearly $285 million in new spending.[1] Because this was a general session rather than a budget session, very few budget issues were addressed. However, key budgetary matters this year included: (1) addressing a $222 million shortfall brought about by falling oil prices and (2) several new capital construction projects spread across the state and at the University of Wyoming. Wyoming democrats in t...

  16. Session Types at the Mirror

    OpenAIRE

    Luca Padovani

    2009-01-01

    We (re)define session types as projections of process behaviors with respect to the communication channels they use. In this setting, we give session types a semantics based on fair testing. The outcome is a unified theory of behavioral types that shares common aspects with conversation types and that encompass features of both dyadic and multi-party session types. The point of view we provide sheds light on the nature of session types and gives us a chance to reason about them in a framework...

  17. Multifunctional use of an operating theatre: is floor drainage posing an increased risk of infection?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Borgmann, Hendrik; Wagenlehner, Florian; Borgmann, Stefan; Thon, Walter

    2014-01-01

    For transurethral urologic surgery floor drainage is necessary for disposal of large amounts of fluid; for skin incision surgery floor drainage is unnecessary. The presence of floor drainage in an operating theatre may have a negative impact on the surgical site infection (SSI) rate after skin incision surgery due to aerosol contamination. We examined whether multifunctional use of an operating theatre would increase the SSI rate after skin incision surgery. Patients undergoing skin incision surgery on the kidney or prostate were prospectively divided into two groups with regard to operating theatre equipment. 272 patients were operated on in a theatre with floor drainage and 755 patients were operated on in a theatre without floor drainage. SSIs were categorized using the CDC classification and SSI rates in the two different theatres were determined. No statistically significant difference (p = 0.86) in SSI rates after kidney and prostate surgery was found for operations in theatres with (2.6%) and without floor drainage (2.8%). Multifunctional use of an operating theatre with floor drainage for transurethral and skin incision surgery does not increase SSI rates. Thus, multifunctional use of theatres with floor drainage might lead to a gain in flexibility in the use of operating theatre capacity. © 2014 S. Karger AG, Basel.

  18. Opinion Impact Models and Opinion Consensus Methods in Ad Hoc Tactical Social Networks

    OpenAIRE

    Demin Li; Jie Zhou; Jingjuan Zhu; Jiacun Wang

    2013-01-01

    Ad hoc social networks are special social networks, such as ad hoc tactical social networks, ad hoc firefighter social networks, and ad hoc vehicular social networks. The social networks possess both the properties of ad hoc network and social network. One of the challenge problems in ad hoc social networks is opinion impact and consensus, and the opinion impact plays a key role for information fusion and decision support in ad hoc social networks. In this paper, consider the impact of physic...

  19. Fundamental Properties of Wireless Mobile Ad-hoc Networks

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Hekmat, R.

    2005-01-01

    Wireless mobile ad-hoc networks are formed by mobile devices that set up a possibly short-lived network for communication needs of the moment. Ad-hoc networks are decentralized, self-organizing networks capable of forming a communication network without relying on any fixed infrastructure. Each node

  20. On the Post Hoc Power in Testing Mean Differences

    Science.gov (United States)

    Yuan, Ke-Hai; Maxwell, Scott

    2005-01-01

    Retrospective or post hoc power analysis is recommended by reviewers and editors of many journals. Little literature has been found that gave a serious study of the post hoc power. When the sample size is large, the observed effect size is a good estimator of the true power. This article studies whether such a power estimator provides valuable…

  1. Philosophical perspectives on ad hoc hypotheses and the Higgs mechanism

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Friederich, Simon; Harlander, Robert; Karaca, Koray

    2014-01-01

    We examine physicists' charge of ad hocness against the Higgs mechanism in the standard model of elementary particle physics. We argue that even though this charge never rested on a clear-cut and well-entrenched definition of "ad hoc", it is based on conceptual and methodological assumptions and

  2. Assured Resource Sharing in Ad-Hoc Collaboration

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Ahn, Gail-Joon [Arizona State Univ., Tempe, AZ (United States)

    2015-12-19

    The project seeks an innovative framework to enable users to access and selectively share resources in distributed environments, enhancing the scalability of information sharing. We have investigated secure sharing & assurance approaches for ad-hoc collaboration, focused on Grids, Clouds, and ad-hoc network environments.

  3. Finding Trading Partners to Establish Ad-Hoc Business Processes

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Wombacher, Andreas; Mahleko, Bendick

    2002-01-01

    Enabling technology for realizing ad-hoc business processes currently is becoming more and more popular, like for example web services. Ad-hoc business processes are semantically characterized by a description of the exchanged messages and by the potential message sequences. These semantic meta-data

  4. Spontaneous ad hoc mobile cloud computing network.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lacuesta, Raquel; Lloret, Jaime; Sendra, Sandra; Peñalver, Lourdes

    2014-01-01

    Cloud computing helps users and companies to share computing resources instead of having local servers or personal devices to handle the applications. Smart devices are becoming one of the main information processing devices. Their computing features are reaching levels that let them create a mobile cloud computing network. But sometimes they are not able to create it and collaborate actively in the cloud because it is difficult for them to build easily a spontaneous network and configure its parameters. For this reason, in this paper, we are going to present the design and deployment of a spontaneous ad hoc mobile cloud computing network. In order to perform it, we have developed a trusted algorithm that is able to manage the activity of the nodes when they join and leave the network. The paper shows the network procedures and classes that have been designed. Our simulation results using Castalia show that our proposal presents a good efficiency and network performance even by using high number of nodes.

  5. Spontaneous Ad Hoc Mobile Cloud Computing Network

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Raquel Lacuesta

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available Cloud computing helps users and companies to share computing resources instead of having local servers or personal devices to handle the applications. Smart devices are becoming one of the main information processing devices. Their computing features are reaching levels that let them create a mobile cloud computing network. But sometimes they are not able to create it and collaborate actively in the cloud because it is difficult for them to build easily a spontaneous network and configure its parameters. For this reason, in this paper, we are going to present the design and deployment of a spontaneous ad hoc mobile cloud computing network. In order to perform it, we have developed a trusted algorithm that is able to manage the activity of the nodes when they join and leave the network. The paper shows the network procedures and classes that have been designed. Our simulation results using Castalia show that our proposal presents a good efficiency and network performance even by using high number of nodes.

  6. What’s in a name? The sense or non-sense of labelling puppets in contemporary Western theatre

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Marie Kruger

    2014-12-01

    Full Text Available Different terms can be use for puppet theatre: figure theatre, object theatre and animation theatre. Contemporary performances including puppets are nowadays often referred to as multimedia performances, crossover theatre and visual theatre. Some artists avoid the word “puppet” because of negative associations: close association with children and low status amongst the arts. Professional puppetry in many Western countries has evolved into a wide-ranging theatre form. Puppets traditionally used to be seen in isolation in performance and a distinct line could be drawn between puppet theatre and other forms of theatre, but the bonding with other art forms has diminished this segregation. As an artistic label, “puppet theatre” is perhaps not always appropriate as it does not acknowledge the artistic scope and complexity of an art work in which multiple visual and acoustic elements are applied, and this bonding raises questions about genre as a classification system.

  7. Analysis of neuro-theatre utilisation and reasons for cancellation to improve efficiency and productivity.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sharouf, Feras; Baig Mirza, Asfand; Moosajee, Vazira; Plummer, Sarah; Bhatti, Imran M; Zaben, Malik

    2017-04-01

    In neurosurgery, much emphasis has recently been placed on theatre cancellation and time utilization as a key hospital management performance indicator. We sought to evaluate our unit's theatre throughput efficiency and identify the causes of elective surgery cancellations. We retrospectively audited all scheduled elective neurosurgical procedures over a period of nine months. Mean theatre utilization time was 47.0%. The common causes of cancellations were lack of theatre time (32%), non-availability of beds in recovery room (18.6%), and insufficient preoperative patient preparation (5.5%). Inefficiencies were noted in turnover of patients and inaccurate prediction of operative time. Our theatre utilization time is consistent with available literature; however, cancellations of elective surgery waste valuable operative time and resources. The study concludes that a multi-dimensional approach must be taken to improve theatre utilization and reduce cancellation rates. A pre-assessment clinic has been introduced in order to reduce cancellation rates. Copyright the Association for Perioperative Practice.

  8. Ritual, Myth and Tragedy: Origins of Theatre in Dionysian Rites

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Nadja Berberovic

    2015-07-01

    Full Text Available In the deep, dark forests and in the lush green valleys, worshippers of Dionysus celebrated the eternal cycles of death and rebirth, symbolized in the sacred mask of the wild god. Drunk and intoxicated, wearing the mask of Dionysus, the actor is at once the shaman and the priest. Channeling the presence of the fearsome divinity, he drinks the sacred wine and eats the raw flesh of his prey. In this eternal moment, he becomes one with the god and the beast residing inside of him. Within Ancient Greek culture, the sacred rites of Dionysus have been appropriated and transformed to theatre performances. The shaman became the actor, the participants became the audience, the sacred altar became the stage. From myth as a ritual performance emerged the theatre of tragedy, in which the undying spirit of Dionysus, majestic and terrifying, speaks to us even today.

  9. Technology Evaluation Report 17. Videoconferencing in Theatre and Performance Studies

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mark Childs

    2003-04-01

    Full Text Available Previous reports in this series have indicated the growing acceptance of video-conferencing in education delivery. The current report compares a series of video-conferencing methods in an activity requiring precision of expression and communication: theatre and performance studies. The Accessing and Networking with National and International Expertise (ANNIE project is a two-year project undertaken jointly by the University of Warwick and the University of Kent at Canterbury, running from March 2001 to March 2003. The project's aim is to enhance students' learning experience in theatre studies by enabling access to research-based teaching and to workshops led by practitioners of national and international standing. Various technologies have been used, particularly ISDN video-conferencing, computer-mediated conferencing, and the Internet. This report concludes that video-conferencing methods will gain acceptance in education, as academic schools themselves are able to operate commonly available technology the assistance of specialised service units.

  10. Inter-professional education: registered nurses + ODPS = theatre practitioners.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Steevenson, Grania

    2006-11-01

    The structure of theatre management should ensure that the patient receives the most appropriate care available, with every team member knowing their role and their expected contribution in order to meet the needs of the patient. Inter-professional healthcare is an integral feature of the NHS and this article will focus on the interaction and teamwork experienced in the theatre department between qualified nurses and qualified operating department practitioners (ODPs) and the perceived differences and similarities in their roles both historically and in future practice. Taylor and Campbell (1999) state the operating department is unique in that various members of the multidisciplinary teams are all present at the same time and work together for the successful completion of the perioperative period of care. Anonymous clinical examples have been used to highlight certain points and to illustrate the differing roles of the perioperative staff.

  11. ISLAMIC ELEMENTS IN TRADITIONAL INDONESIAN AND MALAY THEATRE

    OpenAIRE

    Ghulam-Sarwar Yousof

    2010-01-01

    From the earliest times, traditional theatre in Southeast Asia has been shaped by a wide range of religious and cultural influences—those deriving from animism, Hinduism, Buddhism, Islam, as well as from Chinese and western traditions. The overwhelming influences, especially of Hinduism, have had the tendency to obscure contributions from the Middle- and Near-East. The view that Islam, with rare exceptions, prohibits performing arts has resulted in a negligence of these arts forms in Muslim s...

  12. Measuring Coefficients of Friction for Materials Commonly Used in Theatre

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mentzer, Robert; Martell, Eric

    2008-04-01

    While designing a stage setup for a theatrical presentation, designers must consider equipment, materials, cost and manpower, and we can use physics to simplify and enhance the process. Unfortunately, there is a lack of information about the properties of materials commonly used in theatre. The objective of this research was to determine the coefficients of static and kinetic friction for several materials commonly used in theatrical scene construction and the coefficients of rolling friction for a series of commonly used casters. Materials of known coefficients were tested to confirm the accuracy of the experimental process. Data was collected using a sled style apparatus and LabVIEW software. Data was analyzed in mass volumes using Microsoft Excel spreadsheets and macros. This research was performed as a part of the Physics of Theatre project, a joint collaboration between Millikin University and the University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign, and was supported in part by Millikin, UIUC, and the United States Institute for Theatre Technology.

  13. Aseptic practice recommendations for circulating operating theatre nurses.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Aholaakko, Teija-Kaisa; Metsälä, Eija

    Aseptic practices prevent exposure of a surgical wound to microbes, operating theatre environment and personnel. The circulating nurse assists the operating theatre personnel and supervises aseptic practices preventing surgical site infections. In the absence of analytical tools, few studies exist on intraoperative nursing-related aseptic practices. This study introduces recommendations to assess the role of the circulating nurse in aseptic practices. The authors used international recommendations and research findings to construct a 20-item self-report instrument with a demonstrated reliability across the scale. The authors structured the scale based on three phases: establishment; maintenance; and disestablishment of a sterile operating field. The tool was tested among operating theatre and day surgery nurses, and compared the differences in the mean acceptance rates of aseptic practice recommendations based on background characteristics. College-level nurses and nurses with 15 or more years' work experience accepted the recommendations at higher levels than bachelor-level nurses and nurses with less work experience. Continual assessment of the evidence base and comprehensive evaluation represent important components in further developing the tool. A reasonable number of items covering clinical practice are necessary for assessing the effectiveness and cost-effectiveness of aseptic practices, and a larger response rate is needed to validate the tool in future.

  14. ISLAMIC ELEMENTS IN TRADITIONAL INDONESIAN AND MALAY THEATRE

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ghulam-Sarwar Yousof

    2010-01-01

    Full Text Available From the earliest times, traditional theatre in Southeast Asia has been shaped by a wide range of religious and cultural influences—those deriving from animism, Hinduism, Buddhism, Islam, as well as from Chinese and western traditions. The overwhelming influences, especially of Hinduism, have had the tendency to obscure contributions from the Middle- and Near-East. The view that Islam, with rare exceptions, prohibits performing arts has resulted in a negligence of these arts forms in Muslim societies with the possible exception of Indonesia. This paper highlights significant elements of Islamic culture that have shaped Indonesian and Malay traditional theatre through the adaptation of borrowed genres such as taziya, as well as locally created styles of shadow play (wayang kulit and the doll-puppet theatre (wayang golek; the use of important themes from Islamic literature, in particular thosederived from Hikayat Amir Hamza; as well as esoteric interpretationsof certain episodes originally derived from pre-Islamic sources,including the Mahabharata, in terms of Sufism to make them both highly meaningful and acceptable to Muslim audiences.

  15. Operating theatres, IAQ and ventilation strategies : CFD analysis

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Al-Waked, R.; Partridge, L. [Bassett Applied Research, North Sydney, NSW (Australia); Behnia, M. [Sydney Univ., Sydney, NSW (Australia)

    2006-07-01

    Ultra-clean ventilation (UCV) systems were modelled in order to develop economical alternatives for hospital operating rooms. Two systems were investigated: (1) a novel laminar flow system that used high efficiency particulate air (HEPA) filters mounted in an operating theatre ceiling; and (2) a commercially available UCV system. Both systems were modelled using various size configurations with and without skirts and surgical lights. Results of the study indicated that supply air outlets fitted with a 3000 by 3000 UCV system were able to supply a minimum of 63 ACH. The proposed system's effectiveness in minimizing potential cross contamination and in improving thermal comfort for theatre staff was also evaluated. Assessed criteria included: air supply; air velocity over the wound site; and supplied air quantity. The study used computational fluid dynamics (CFD) techniques to assess air movement and the potential for contamination via skin squames. Results of the study showed that bacteria carrying particles (BCPs) met operating theatre requirements for both systems. It was concluded that significant cost savings were achieved using a custom-designed array of HEPA filters. 15 refs., 4 tabs., 7 figs.

  16. Audit of the utilization of time in an orthopaedic trauma theatre.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Delaney, Christopher L; Davis, Nathan; Tamblyn, Peter

    2010-04-01

    The efficient use of operating theatres is important to ensure optimum cost-benefit for the hospital and to clear waiting lists. This audit uses the orthopaedic trauma theatre as a model to assess the theatre efficiency at our institution. We performed a retrospective audit using data gathered from the operating theatre database at our institution. We considered each component of the operating theatre process and integrated them to give a combined value for surgical and anaesthetic time (end utilization) and total theatre efficiency (operating theatre utilization). Results showed that relative to the standards set, changeover time and start times were sub-standard, with consistently prolonged changeovers and late starts. End utilization and operating theatre utilization were 78.8 and 81%, against a standard of 77 and 85-90%, respectively. However, these figures may be misleading due to sub-standard performance in changeover time and other variables. We have highlighted inefficiency in the orthopaedic trauma theatre at our institution and suggest various strategies to improve this that may be applied universally.

  17. Operating efficiency of an emergency Burns theatre: An eight month analysis.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mohan, Arvind; Lutterodt, Christopher; Leon-Villapalos, Jorge

    2017-11-01

    The efficient use of operating theatres is important to insure optimum cost-benefit for the hospital. We used the emergency Burns theatre as a model to assess theatre efficiency at our institution. Data was collected retrospectively on every operation performed in the Burns theatre between 01/04/15 and 30/11/15. Each component of the operating theatre process was considered and integrated to calculate values for surgical/anaesthetic time, changeover time and ultimately theatre efficiency. A total of 426 operations were carried out over 887h of allocated theatre time (ATT). Actual operating time represented 67.7%, anaesthetic time 8.8% and changeover time 14.2% of ATT. The average changeover time between patients was 30.1min. Lists started on average 27.7min late each day. There were a total of 5.8h of overruns and 9.6h of no useful activity. Operating theatre efficiency was 69.3% for the 8 month period. Our study highlights areas where theatre efficiency can be improved. We suggest various strategies to improve this that may be applied universally. Copyright © 2017 Elsevier Ltd and ISBI. All rights reserved.

  18. Difficult encounter: Polish theatre on the Irish stage between 2004 and 2015

    OpenAIRE

    Lech, K.

    2015-01-01

    Ten years after Poland has joined the European Union and thousands of Poles arrived in Ireland, has Polish theatre arrived on the Irish stage? The fate of Polish theatre in Ireland has been varied, from Natalia Korczakowska’s 'The Leash' performed and awarded at the 2007 Dublin Fringe Festival, Krystian Lupa’s Factory 2 (Dublin Theatre Festival 2010) described by Sara Keating as “deliberately indulgent and maddening performance” that was simply boring, to Polish Theatre Ireland’s 'Bubble Revo...

  19. Broadcast design in cognitive radio ad hoc networks

    CERN Document Server

    Song, Yi

    2014-01-01

    This SpringerBrief investigates the special challenges of broadcast design in cognitive radio (CR) ad hoc networks. It introduces two broadcast protocols in CR ad hoc networks: a quality-of-service based broadcast protocol under blind information and a fully-distributed broadcast protocol with collision avoidance. A novel unified analytical model is also presented to analyze the performance of the broadcast protocols. This is the first book dedicated to the unique broadcast design challenges in CR ad hoc networks. The authors also discuss the recent research on the performance analysis of broa

  20. Reversible Multiparty Sessions with Checkpoints

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mariangiola Dezani-Ciancaglini

    2016-08-01

    Full Text Available Reversible interactions model different scenarios, like biochemical systems and human as well as automatic negotiations. We abstract interactions via multiparty sessions enriched with named checkpoints. Computations can either go forward or roll back to some checkpoints, where possibly different choices may be taken. In this way communications can be undone and different conversations may be tried. Interactions are typed with global types, which control also rollbacks. Typeability of session participants in agreement with global types ensures session fidelity and progress of reversible communications.

  1. Community theatre and indigenous performance traditions: An introduction to Chicano theatre, with reference to parallel developments in South Africa

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    C. Rahner

    1996-05-01

    Full Text Available This article will focus on the theme of community and on the forms stemming from oral literature and musical tradition in Chicano theatre, while drawing comparisons with similar developments in South Africa. I will argue that the re-appropriation of traditional modes and their integration into stage performance replaced the formerly “Eurocentric definition of theatre” with a more indigenous specificity, a development that has been observed in South Africa as well (Hauptfleisch, 1988:40. We can thus speak of a certain divergence from standard contemporary Western traditions in both the Chicano and the black South African community theatre, a trend that is notable in both their themes and forms.

  2. Ibsen in Dutch theatres and the sustainability of Nora

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Janke Klok

    2015-05-01

    Full Text Available In this article I reflect on Ibsen's laborious road to the Dutch stages to display the reciprocal influence between innovating theatre plays and the process of a modernizing society. In doing this I take into account insights from translation theory and the thinking on cultural mediation, whereby cultural transmission is seen as a way of interacting: the receiving culture’s receptivity towards new ideas and new forms is crucial for the space available for innovative literature from abroad. Tracking Ibsen on the Dutch stages shows a wavelike movement. Research into the reception of Ibsen supports the claim by the Dutch author Ina Boudier-Bakker (1875-1966 who used the late first staging of Ibsen's A Doll's House (1889 to illustrate the Amsterdam and Dutch conservatism with regard to gender roles and avant-garde art. Prior to 1890 the Netherlands lagged behind other European countries. With the Dutch production of A Doll’s House a new era arrives.After a flying start and a growing appreciation for Ibsen as a social reformer, particularly concerning entrenched (gender conventions, Dutch critics in the period 1930-1970, do not seem to be able to place Ibsen’s plays. A qualitative analysis of the revival by way of the jubilee performance Ghosts in 1956, shows that Dutch audiences hold off a contemporary debate by focusing on geographical and ethnographical distance. It indicates that in the fifties this audience was intellectually and artistically conservative. Tracking Ibsen on the stages after 1970 shows us the current multicultural society; it shows us a renewed interest in his female characters, which culminates with Nora. It shows us an increasing number of women directors in Dutch theatres, also in advanced theatre school performances. Present-day Dutch theatres and their audiences seem to be mostly interested in Ibsen’s theatre women, be it his female characters or the relatively new phenomenon of women directing his plays. Their

  3. Ad hoc statistical consulting within a large research organization

    CSIR Research Space (South Africa)

    Elphinstone, CD

    2009-08-01

    Full Text Available The paper discusses the ad hoc statistical consulting service initiated within the CSIR that has proved successful; however, resourcing remains a major challenge. Even limited advertising of the service within the CSIR resulted in many requests...

  4. Performance Analysis of Authentication Protocols in Vehicular Ad Hoc Networks

    OpenAIRE

    Aboobaker, Abdul Kalam Kunnel

    2009-01-01

    Traditionally traffic safety was addressed by traffic awareness and passive safety measures like solid chassis, seat belts, air bags etc. With the recent breakthroughs in the domain of mobile ad hoc networks, the concept of vehicular ad hoc networks (VANET) was realised. Safety messaging is the most important aspect of VANETs, where the passive safety (accident readiness) in vehicles was reinforced with the idea of active safety (accident prevention). In safety messaging vehicles will message...

  5. Sensor and ad-hoc networks theoretical and algorithmic aspects

    CERN Document Server

    Makki, S Kami; Pissinou, Niki; Makki, Shamila; Karimi, Masoumeh

    2008-01-01

    This book brings together leading researchers and developers in the field of wireless sensor networks to explain the special problems and challenges of the algorithmic aspects of sensor and ad-hoc networks. The book also fosters communication not only between the different sensor and ad-hoc communities, but also between those communities and the distributed systems and information systems communities. The topics addressed pertain to the sensors and mobile environment.

  6. Access Point Security Service for wireless ad-hoc communication

    OpenAIRE

    Scholten, Johan; Nijdam, M.

    2006-01-01

    This paper describes the design and implementation of a security solution for ad-hoc peer-to-peer communication. The security solution is based on a scenario where two wireless devices require secure communication, but share no security relationship a priori. The necessary requirements for the security solution described here comprise topics such as energy efficiency, security standards and ad-hoc networks. The devised solution is called Access Point Security Service (APSS). APSS is able to p...

  7. TEATRO MUSICAL E PÓS-DRAMÁTICO DE TADEUSZ KANTOR/Tadeusz Kantor's Musical and Postdramatic Theatre

    National Research Council Canada - National Science Library

    Burzynska, Anna

    2016-01-01

    ... (postdramatic theatre) and David Roesner (composed theatre). The postdramatic spectacles are polyphonic, nonlinear, and the signs used on them are bounded by the principles that elements of musical structure are composed...

  8. Malicious node detection in ad-hoc wireless networks

    Science.gov (United States)

    Griswold, Richard L.; Medidi, Sirisha R.

    2003-07-01

    Advances in wireless communications and the proliferation of mobile computing devices has led to the rise of a new type of computer network: the ad-hoc wireless network. Ad-hoc networks are characterized by a lack of fixed infrastructure, which give ad-hoc networks a great deal of flexibility, but also increases the risk of security problems. In wired networks, key pieces of network infrastructure are secured to prevent unauthorized physical access and tampering. Network administrators ensure that everything is properly configured and are on-hand to fix problems and deal with intrusions. In contrast, the nodes in an ad-hoc network are responsible for routing and forwarding data in the network, and there are no network administrators to handle potential problems. This makes an ad-hoc network more vulnerable to a misconfigured, faulty, or compromised node. We propose a means for a node in an ad-hoc network to detect and handle these malicious nodes by comparing data available to the routing protocol, such as cached routes in Dynamic Source Routing, ICMP messages, and transport layer information, such as TCP timeouts. This data can then be used along with network probes to isolate the malicious node.

  9. Active learning in the lecture theatre using 3D printed objects [version 2; referees: 2 approved

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    David P. Smith

    2016-06-01

    Full Text Available The ability to conceptualize 3D shapes is central to understanding biological processes. The concept that the structure of a biological molecule leads to function is a core principle of the biochemical field. Visualisation of biological molecules often involves vocal explanations or the use of two dimensional slides and video presentations. A deeper understanding of these molecules can however be obtained by the handling of objects. 3D printed biological molecules can be used as active learning tools to stimulate engagement in large group lectures. These models can be used to build upon initial core knowledge which can be delivered in either a flipped form or a more didactic manner. Within the teaching session the students are able to learn by handling, rotating and viewing the objects to gain an appreciation, for example, of an enzyme’s active site or the difference between the major and minor groove of DNA. Models and other artefacts can be handled in small groups within a lecture theatre and act as a focal point to generate conversation. Through the approach presented here core knowledge is first established and then supplemented with high level problem solving through a "Think-Pair-Share" cooperative learning strategy. The teaching delivery was adjusted based around experiential learning activities by moving the object from mental cognition and into the physical environment. This approach led to students being able to better visualise biological molecules and a positive engagement in the lecture. The use of objects in teaching allows the lecturer to create interactive sessions that both challenge and enable the student.

  10. Active learning in the lecture theatre using 3D printed objects.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Smith, David P

    2016-01-01

    The ability to conceptualize 3D shapes is central to understanding biological processes. The concept that the structure of a biological molecule leads to function is a core principle of the biochemical field. Visualisation of biological molecules often involves vocal explanations or the use of two dimensional slides and video presentations. A deeper understanding of these molecules can however be obtained by the handling of objects. 3D printed biological molecules can be used as active learning tools to stimulate engagement in large group lectures. These models can be used to build upon initial core knowledge which can be delivered in either a flipped form or a more didactic manner. Within the teaching session the students are able to learn by handling, rotating and viewing the objects to gain an appreciation, for example, of an enzyme's active site or the difference between the major and minor groove of DNA. Models and other artefacts can be handled in small groups within a lecture theatre and act as a focal point to generate conversation. Through the approach presented here core knowledge is first established and then supplemented with high level problem solving through a "Think-Pair-Share" cooperative learning strategy. The teaching delivery was adjusted based around experiential learning activities by moving the object from mental cognition and into the physical environment. This approach led to students being able to better visualise biological molecules and a positive engagement in the lecture. The use of objects in teaching allows the lecturer to create interactive sessions that both challenge and enable the student.

  11. A State of Health? Constructive Dialogue and the Rhythms of International Youth Theatre

    Science.gov (United States)

    Parry, Simon

    2014-01-01

    This article examines youth theatre as a mode of promoting public dialogue within situations of political tension or conflict. It reflects on the author's own experience of trying unsuccessfully to find a framework to evaluate an European Union supported theatre project, youth/art/peace/network, which took place in Austria, Israel and Palestine in…

  12. The Sundance Theatre Lab: From the Great White Way to the Wild Wild West and Back.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Herrscher, Erick; Nichols, Cheryl

    2003-01-01

    Provides the history of the Sundance Institute, which has grown to help many artists in hopes of contributing unique and original voices to the culture of the country. Describes the present structure of the institute and details the work of the 2002 lab. Notes that as the Sundance Theatre Lab continues to bring theatre artists of all disciplines…

  13. Improvisational Theatre as Public Pedagogy: A Case Study of "Aesthetic" Pedagogy in Leadership Development

    Science.gov (United States)

    Katz-Buonincontro, Jen

    2011-01-01

    How does improvisational theatre promote aesthetic learning in leaders, emphasizing emotion and somatic, or sensory, knowledge? While improvisational theatre has been used in organizational settings, there is little empirical research describing the aesthetic learning process geared towards preparing educational leaders. Based on a case study of…

  14. Wanderings in Western Europe. Theatre for Young Audiences around the World: Aesthetic and Political Trends.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Oaks, Harold R.

    Noting that theatre for young people in Europe is much more aggressive in seeking to influence the attitudes and ideas of audiences than that of the United States, this paper examines the political and social trends occurring in children's theatre in four European countries. Following an introduction to this trend toward "educational…

  15. Between Drama and Dance: The Use of Movement in Theatre Education.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rijnbout, Frans

    1999-01-01

    Discusses expressive movement, a rudimentary, exploratory, and process-oriented way of movement that is appropriate for and beneficial to the training of actors, and that can be employed as a mode of kinesthetic/dramatic expression by theatre educators. Notes reasons for using expressive movement in theatre education; discusses teacher's role;…

  16. Online "iDentity" Formation and the High School Theatre Trip

    Science.gov (United States)

    Richardson, John M.

    2016-01-01

    Over the years that I have taken secondary school students to the theatre, the the digital revolution has moved through schools, classrooms, and even theatres, calling into question my goal of contributing positively to students' identity formation through exposure to live plays. Responding to calls to examine the ways in which young people's…

  17. The Ignorant Facilitator: Education, Politics and Theatre in Co-Communities

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lev-Aladgem, Shulamith

    2015-01-01

    This article discusses the book "The Ignorant Schoolmaster: Five Lessons in Intellectual Emancipation" by the French philosopher, Jacques Rancière. Its intention is to study the potential contribution of this text to the discourse of applied theatre (theatre in co-communities) in general, and the role of the facilitator in particular. It…

  18. Introduction to Rustom Bharucha's Keynote Lecture: Problematising Applied Theatre--A Search for Alternative Paradigms

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mackey, Sally; Fisher, Amanda Stuart

    2011-01-01

    "Theatre Applications" was an international conference convened by the Central School of Speech and Drama, London, in April 2010. Framed by the subheading "Performance with a purpose", the call for papers invited contributors to consider how theatre making in different settings can "make a difference" to those who…

  19. "Playlinks": A Theatre-for-Young Audiences Artist-in-the-Classroom Project

    Science.gov (United States)

    McLauchlan, Debra

    2017-01-01

    "Playlinks," the project documented in this paper, contributed a theatre-based artist-in-the-classroom study to the Community Arts Zone initiative. "Playlinks" involved 248 elementary school classrooms in pre- and post-production workshops connected to live theatre that visited their schools. Data sources included researcher…

  20. Storying Worlds: Using Playback Theatre to Explore the Interplay between Personal and Dominant Discourses amongst Adolescents

    Science.gov (United States)

    Jordaan, Odia; Coetzee, Marié-Heleen

    2017-01-01

    This article explores the ways in which playback theatre was used to interrogate the views of adolescents on their social context(s) and establish what the personal and dominant discourses operating in their views were. Playback theatre, with its focus on reframing personal stories to generate new perspectives on these stories, was an appropriate…

  1. Theatre for Development as a Model for Transformative Change in Nigeria

    Science.gov (United States)

    Okpadah, Stephen Ogheneruro

    2017-01-01

    This study examines the role of "theatre for development" (TFD) as a model for social transformation in Nigeria, historicizing its relationship to "community theatre" while illuminating significant innovations in authorship and participation. In addition, the article explores TFD as a relational and performative process in…

  2. The Scope Of Ear, Nose And Throat Surgeries In The Theatre In ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    This study sought to evaluate the scope of surgeries performed in the Ear, Nose and Throat theatre and to highlight its importance to training and patient care. It was a retrospective study done between mid April 2004 and August 2006. All patients operated in this period in the ENT theatre were evaluated and relevant ...

  3. Training the Peer Facilitator: Using Participatory Theatre to Promote Engagement in Peer Education

    Science.gov (United States)

    Orr, Sarah Hunter

    2015-01-01

    "Training the peer facilitator: using participatory theatre to promote engagement in peer education" examines the role of participatory theatre in a peer education setting in relation to the goal of young people engaging and empowering their peers to create new knowledge together. Extending research about the use of applied theatre…

  4. Political Conscientisation through Street Theatre: A Study with Reference to "Kalyanasaugadhikam"

    Science.gov (United States)

    Eldhose, Adakkaravayalil Yoyakky

    2014-01-01

    Theatre occupies a significant place in any revolutionary political strategy that has as its objective a radical transformation of society. This paper attempts to make a thematic and structural analysis of the Malayalam street play "Kalyanasaugadhikam" written by Anil Nadakavu in 2009 and performed by Manisha Theatres, Thadiyankovil,…

  5. Theatre for Re-Education: Experimenting with Documentary Form in Kerala

    Science.gov (United States)

    Eldhose, Adakkaravayalil; Das, Neethu

    2015-01-01

    This paper is a study of a Malayalam documentary play "Not Just the Victims" staged by Abhinaya Theatre Research Centre Trivandrum. Along with analyzing the documentary method of the play this study looks at how the theatre group employed the play for "re-educating" the people regarding certain existing norms. The play…

  6. Between the Frames: Youth Spectatorship and Theatre as Curated, "Unruly" Pedagogical Space

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gallagher, Kathleen; Wessels, Anne

    2013-01-01

    In this article, we consider the aesthetic, political and pedagogical strengths of a verbatim theatre performance, "The Middle Place" by Project: Humanity, a play that explores the experiences of shelter youth in Toronto, Canada. This ethnographic study moved from drama classrooms into theatres and charted audience responses to the…

  7. Teaching Note--Theatre of the Oppressed and Social Work Education: Radicalizing the Practice Classroom

    Science.gov (United States)

    Giesler, Mark A.

    2017-01-01

    Augusto Boal's Theatre of the Oppressed has been the basis for radical performance techniques practiced around the world. Widely a staple for theatre performance syllabi, it also has an innovative application for the social work classroom. This article designates Boal's four stages of his poetics of the oppressed and concomitant theatrical…

  8. Translation between Academic Research, Community and Practice: A Forum Theatre Process

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hamel, Sonia

    2015-01-01

    On 6 February 2008, a deliberative theatre experiment was held at the National Archives of Quebec. Inspired by the democratic virtues of public deliberation but preoccupied with its blind spots, Forum Theatre was used to initiate discussion about the social tensions between the homeless and other dwellers of public space in downtown Montreal.…

  9. Reflection of Carbon Dioxide (CO 2 ) laser radiation from the theatre ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    This work has investigated the power of both specular and diffusely reflected beams of CO2 laser radiation from metallic and non-metallic surfaces of an operating theatre including surgical instruments (specula) and different samples of wall paints in theatre 6 of the Aberdeen Royal Infirmary, U.K. where the CO2 laser ...

  10. Exploring Professionalism in Undergraduate Medical and Dental Education through Forum Theatre

    Science.gov (United States)

    Brett-MacLean, Pamela; Yiu, Verna; Farooq, Ameer

    2012-01-01

    Forum Theatre (FT) was created by Brazilian theatre director Augusto Boal (1985) as an approach for promoting dialogue between the audience and those performing on stage for his "Theater for the Oppressed." FT offers an accessible, interactive approach to exploring challenging topics and situations. In FT, a short scene is performed. It…

  11. Three Hundred Years of American Drama and Theatre; From "Ye Bear and Ye Cubb" to "Hair".

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wilson, Garff B.

    This book presents a history of American drama and theatre from 1665 to the present. The book is primarily intended for the general reader and beginning student. The author combines the history of both drama and theatre, arguing that since they are complementary activities it is artificial to separate them. While the basic organization of the text…

  12. Children's Theatre Review, Volume XXX, Number 2, Spring 1981. Research Edition.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ritch, Pamela, Ed.

    1981-01-01

    This special journal edition contains research reports on children and the theatre. The seven articles discuss the following subjects: (1) how audiences function in participation plays for young people, (2) creative dramatics and handicapped children, (3) the effect of advance organizers on children's responses to theatre viewing, (4) a Piagetian…

  13. Drama and Theatre in Education in Greece: Past Achievements, Present Demands and Future Possibilities.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sextou, Persephone

    2002-01-01

    Argues that the hard work of previous years has created advanced circumstances for further development in the provision of preschool and primary theatre education in Greece. Describes the Odyssebah program; makes reference to what could be gained from this experience for future use; and presents an agenda for the future of theatre education in…

  14. Mosaic: Re-Imagining the Monolingual Classroom through Theatre-in-Education

    Science.gov (United States)

    Pakkar-Hulla, D.

    2014-01-01

    This article is a study of "Mosaic"--a piece of multilingual theatre-in-education designed to promote linguistically diverse practices in primary schools in Birmingham, United Kingdom. Focusing on the relatively uncharted territory of applied theatre as a means of promoting multilingualism, and challenging a culture of monolingual…

  15. Science Theatre at School: Providing a context to learn about socio-scientific issues

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Wieringa, N.F.; Swart, J.A.A.; Maples, T.; Witmondt, L.; Tobi, H.; Windt, v.d. H.J.

    2011-01-01

    Science theatre is recognised as a method for teaching socio-scientific issues (SSI), but is largely under-researched. The essence of science theatre at school is to shape a contextualisation for science and technology and its relationships to individuals and society at large, with the aim to

  16. Theatre Curriculum in the US: A Great Tasting Sandwich on Stale Bread

    Science.gov (United States)

    Duffy, Peter

    2016-01-01

    This essay considers the role that local control, poverty, access and policy play in providing drama/theatre education opportunities to students in the US. It examines how state and federal initiatives shape and determine the curriculum. While there are studies that suggest robust theatre education in the US, these findings are complicated when…

  17. Spectators, who are they? A demographic analysis of theatre audiences in four European cities

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    van Maanen, H.; Šorli, M.; Toome, H.-L.; Wilders, M.L.; Edelman, J.; Szabó, A.; Balkànyi, M.

    2015-01-01

    When speculating on how theatre functions in a society, the most obvious questions are how many people make use of the theatre that is on offer and, subsequently, which parts of the population make use of what types of theatrical events. In this article, both questions are answered for the cities of

  18. Live Theatre: A Dynamic Medium for Engaging with Intercultural Education Research

    Science.gov (United States)

    Nelson, Cynthia D.

    2013-01-01

    In this paper, I discuss live theatre as a highly effective and dynamic medium for facilitating meaningful engagement with research on intercultural education. I make the case that ethnographic, or research-based, theatre can productively showcase challenging social issues and the sometimes confusing, poignant and humorous complexities of…

  19. Safety in the Operating Theatre | a Multi Factor Approach for Patients and Teams

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Wauben, L.S.G.L.

    2010-01-01

    Due to the advances in high-tech technology in the operating theatre, the increased number of persons involved, and the increased complexity of surgical procedures, medical errors are inflicted. To answer the main question: How to improve patient safety in the operating theatre during surgery? this

  20. Synthetic design and the art of virtual reality in theatre and film ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Synthetic design and the art of virtual reality in theatre and film productions. ... EJOTMAS: Ekpoma Journal of Theatre and Media Arts ... This article delves into the field of Virtual Reality (VR), a current trend in audiovisual design for the entertainment industry and is therefore designed to examine the synergetic relationships ...

  1. Creative Artist: A Journal of Theatre and Media Studies - Vol 7, No 2 ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Embedded marketing and the quality-quantity dichotomy in Nollywood · EMAIL FREE FULL TEXT EMAIL FREE FULL TEXT DOWNLOAD FULL ... Cinema theatre, quality control and nation building: example of silverbird cinema theatre in port harcourt city · EMAIL FREE FULL TEXT EMAIL FREE FULL TEXT DOWNLOAD ...

  2. Music in the operating theatre: opinions of staff and patients of a ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Background: The role of music during surgery has been studied, including its effect on theatre staff, users and patients. However, little attention has been paid to its application especially in our environment. Methods: It was a prospective study, involving theatre staff, users, and patients. Their opinions on acceptability and the ...

  3. The Conference of Theatre Leaders on March 29–30, 1917: Discussion on the Fates of the Russian Theatre in the Age of Revolution

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    GORDEEV P.N.

    2014-09-01

    Full Text Available The article is devoted to the understudied but important event in the history of Russian theatre in the age of revolution – the conference of theatre leaders, held on March 29–30, 1917 in the Winter Palace. The study is aimed at determining the circle of participants, highlighting the discussed issues, evaluating the overall significance of the conference in the history of Russian theatre. In the process of research the author used a number of new archival materials, the most important of which are the recordings of the meeting of March 30 (found by the author in the collections of the St. Petersburg State Museum of Theatre and Music and introduced to the scientific world for the first time. On the basis of these recordings, as well as other archival materials and publicistic articles, the author managed to determine the circle of theatre leaders who participated in the conference. They include such outstanding representatives of the Russian theater as V.E. Meyerhold, M.M. Fokin, A.I. Sumbatov-Yuzhin and L.V. Sobinov. They discussed the responsibilities of self-government, elected by the actors, the rights of the theatre commissars, the pursuit of Moscow scene to achieve the maximum independence from Petrograd as well as the functions of the assistant commissar of the Provisional Government of the former Ministry of the Court. The question about the possible involvement of Soviet Workers and Soldiers in the development of theatrical reforms provoked lively debates (the proposal was not supported by the majority of the participants. The final resolution of the conference stated the demand of the “autonomy” for state theatres. The significance of the conference consists primarily in the fact that it revealed some common intentions of theatre leaders as well as contradictions on a number of issues, many of which were raised for the first time at this conference and were continually discussed throughout the revolution.

  4. The productive ward and the productive operating theatre.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bloodworth, Kerry

    2011-03-01

    A new approach: The Productive Ward, facilitates removal of time wastage in a busy modern hospital. The lessons learnt from this system are potentially generic and can be applied to other departments, such as in the operating theatres. Inherent to this innovative approach are the 'lean' principles that are now spreading across many organisational settings. Womack et al (1990) set out the key steps to organising companies to deliver value to their customers. We now apply those principles and witness the value to patient care.

  5. Applied Theatre Facilitates Dialogue about Career Challenges for Scientists†

    Science.gov (United States)

    Segarra, Verónica A.; Zavala, MariaElena; Hammonds-Odie, Latanya

    2017-01-01

    The design of programs in support of a strong, diverse, and inclusive scientific workforce and academe requires numerous difficult conversations about sensitive topics such as the challenges scientists can face in their professional development. Theatre can be an interactive and effective way to foster discussion around such subjects. This article examines the implementation and benefits of such interactive strategies in different contexts, including the benefits of getting early career academics and professionals talking about some of the situations that women and underrepresented minorities face in the workplace, while allowing more seasoned professionals and colleagues to join in the conversation. PMID:28656070

  6. Gay theatre, AIDS, and taboo: reconsidering Robert Chesley.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gavrila, Rebecca

    2013-01-01

    Theatre was among the first popular culture forms to address HIV/AIDS and did so memorably in such works as The Normal Heart, As Is, Love! Valor! Compassion!, and March of the Falsettos. As a response to criticisms of stage dramas focusing on HIV/AIDS in the main as undifferentiated and melodramatic, the author suggests critical consideration of two works by playwright Robert Chesley. In her analysis of Night Sweats and Jerker, the author argues Chesley offers an alternative perspective that is both liberatory and sex-positive.

  7. Amazing Acrobatics of Language: The Theatre of Yussef El Guindi

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Anneka Esch-van Kan

    2008-12-01

    Full Text Available Despite the importance of minority rights movements and literatures of migration within the last century’s history of the humanities, no light has been shed so far on the life and arts of Arab Americans. While there is a tradition of Arab American writers and poets, it is often claimed that ‘Arab American Theatre’ was born on September 11. This article will start from general reflections on the development and forms of Arab American theatre in the United States and will in its main body concentrate on the works of Egyptian-born playwright Yussef El Guindi.

  8. Filling the Empty Space: Women and Latin American Theatre

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Kirsten F. Nigro

    1996-01-01

    Full Text Available In recent years, Latin American women have begun to appropriate and fill a space once empty of their presence. This essay looks at the work of four such women, (Diana Raznovich and Cristina Escofet of Argentina, Raquel Araujo of Mexico and the Peruvian Sara Joffre, to see how they give substance and voice to their particular concerns. In the process, this essay focusses on: 1 the notion of gender as performance; 2 the feminist deconstruction of narrative; 3 the female body in theatrical space; and 4 new, postmodern ways of doing feminist political theatre.

  9. Taking care of community: The theatre-mirror project

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Graziella Zizzo

    2014-09-01

    Full Text Available The paper traces the history of a project haunched by the staff at the Mental Health Centre in the small town of Gibellina, it is a unique facility in that it was entirely rebuilt after the old centre was destroyed by the earthquake that hit the Belice Valley 1968. The community was experiencing considerable stress as a result of the breakdown of their lives .In response, the project used a group setting, culminating in a theatrical performance that enabled the whole community, whose members had actively been involved to view and recognize itself as in a mirror.Keywords: Earthquake, Group, Community, Theatre

  10. Juego ceremonial, fiesta cruel: del Living Theatre a Fernando Arrabal

    OpenAIRE

    Pujante González, Domingo

    2001-01-01

    Partiendo del concepto de crueldad aplicado al teatro y defendido por Antonin Artaud y de las teorías de Roger Caillois sobre el juego y lo sagrado, pretendemos –desde una perspectiva comparatista– analizar, por un lado, una ética existencial que asocia teatro y vida y, por otro, una estética sacrificial y ritual presente en las representaciones vanguardistas de todo el mundo durante los años 1960-1970, centrando la atención en Jerzy Grotowski, el Living Theatre y particularmente en Fernando ...

  11. Evaluation of the contribution of theatre attendance to medical undergraduate neuroscience teaching--a pilot study.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Flannery, Thomas; Gormley, Gerry

    2014-10-01

    Medical students often attend the neurosurgical theatre during their clinical neurosciences attachment. However, few studies have been performed to objectively assess the value of this theatre-based learning experience. The main aim of this study was to explore student perceptions on the contribution of neurosurgical theatre attendance to clinical neuroscience teaching. Third-year medical students undergoing their 2-week clinical neurosciences rotation at the Royal Hospitals Belfast were invited to participate in this study. A multi-method strategy was employed using a survey questionnaire comprising of closed and open-ended questions followed by semi-structured interviews to gain a greater 'in-depth' analysis of the potential contribution of neurosurgical theatre attendance to neuroscience teaching. Based on the completed survey responses of 22 students, the overall experience of neurosurgical theatre-based learning was a positive one. 'In-depth' analysis from semi-structured interviews indicated that students felt that some aspects of their neurosurgical theatre attendance could be improved. Better preparation such as reading up on the case in hand and an introduction to simple theatre etiquette to put the student at ease (in particular, for students who had never attended theatre previously), would improve the learning experience. In addition, having an expectation of what students are expected to learn in theatre making it more learning outcomes-based would probably make it feel a more positive experience by the student. The vast majority of students acknowledged the positive learning outcomes of neurosurgical theatre attendance and felt that it should be made a mandatory component of the curriculum.

  12. IMC9 Edinburgh Nomenclature Sessions.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Norvell, Lorelei L; Hawksworth, David L; Petersen, Ronald H; Redhead, Scott A

    2010-12-01

    The proceedings of the 3-5 August 2010, IMC9 Edinburgh Nomenclature Sessions are briefly summarized. The final resolution approved by the General Assembly endorses the recommendations by the Nomenclature Sessions regarding transfer of the governance of fungal nomenclature from botanical to mycological congresses, mandatory pre-publication deposit of nomenclatural information for valid publication of new fungal names, and the acceptability of English as an alternative to Latin in the valid publication of fungal names. Complete results from the IMC9 nomenclature questionnaire are also provided.

  13. Innovative research of AD HOC network mobility model

    Science.gov (United States)

    Chen, Xin

    2017-08-01

    It is difficult for researchers of AD HOC network to conduct actual deployment during experimental stage as the network topology is changeable and location of nodes is unfixed. Thus simulation still remains the main research method of the network. Mobility model is an important component of AD HOC network simulation. It is used to describe the movement pattern of nodes in AD HOC network (including location and velocity, etc.) and decides the movement trail of nodes, playing as the abstraction of the movement modes of nodes. Therefore, mobility model which simulates node movement is an important foundation for simulation research. In AD HOC network research, mobility model shall reflect the movement law of nodes as truly as possible. In this paper, node generally refers to the wireless equipment people carry. The main research contents include how nodes avoid obstacles during movement process and the impacts of obstacles on the mutual relation among nodes, based on which a Node Self Avoiding Obstacle, i.e. NASO model is established in AD HOC network.

  14. Flexible Weaving: Investigating the Teaching and Learning Opportunities in the Practices of Theatre-Makers and Performers from Selected Townships in Cape Town

    Science.gov (United States)

    Morris, Gay

    2013-01-01

    In 2005-2009, the author researched the theatre-making practices of young people in selected black townships near Cape Town, South Africa. Township theatre groups comprised secondary school learners and out-of-school youth who join together to learn about and make theatre, perform and watch each other. These theatre practitioners do not describe…

  15. Secure Sessions for Web Services

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Bhargavan, K.; Corin, R.J.; Fournet, C.; Gordon, A.D.

    2004-01-01

    WS-Security provides basic means to secure SOAP traffic, one envelope at a time. For typical web services, however, using WS-Security independently for each message is rather inefficient; besides, it is often important to secure the integrity of a whole session, as well as each message. To this end,

  16. Multiagent Based Information Dissemination in Vehicular Ad Hoc Networks

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    S.S. Manvi

    2009-01-01

    Full Text Available Vehicular Ad hoc Networks (VANETs are a compelling application of ad hoc networks, because of the potential to access specific context information (e.g. traffic conditions, service updates, route planning and deliver multimedia services (Voice over IP, in-car entertainment, instant messaging, etc.. This paper proposes an agent based information dissemination model for VANETs. A two-tier agent architecture is employed comprising of the following: 1 'lightweight', network-facing, mobile agents; 2 'heavyweight', application-facing, norm-aware agents. The limitations of VANETs lead us to consider a hybrid wireless network architecture that includes Wireless LAN/Cellular and ad hoc networking for analyzing the proposed model. The proposed model provides flexibility, adaptability and maintainability for traffic information dissemination in VANETs as well as supports robust and agile network management. The proposed model has been simulated in various network scenarios to evaluate the effectiveness of the approach.

  17. Auto-configuration protocols in mobile ad hoc networks.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Villalba, Luis Javier García; Matesanz, Julián García; Orozco, Ana Lucila Sandoval; Díaz, José Duván Márquez

    2011-01-01

    The TCP/IP protocol allows the different nodes in a network to communicate by associating a different IP address to each node. In wired or wireless networks with infrastructure, we have a server or node acting as such which correctly assigns IP addresses, but in mobile ad hoc networks there is no such centralized entity capable of carrying out this function. Therefore, a protocol is needed to perform the network configuration automatically and in a dynamic way, which will use all nodes in the network (or part thereof) as if they were servers that manage IP addresses. This article reviews the major proposed auto-configuration protocols for mobile ad hoc networks, with particular emphasis on one of the most recent: D2HCP. This work also includes a comparison of auto-configuration protocols for mobile ad hoc networks by specifying the most relevant metrics, such as a guarantee of uniqueness, overhead, latency, dependency on the routing protocol and uniformity.

  18. Is Theatre Under the Influence of New Media?

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Dagmar Podmaková

    2015-10-01

    Full Text Available The paper poses questions concerning the extent of direct or indirect impact of new media on the concept of a theatrical production and on the perception of a concret theatrical performance. Using examples of theatrical preoductions, the author divided the impact of media into several areas. One of them is the insertion of film clips into a theatrical performance or simultaneous large screen projections of what is happening on stage. The second area concerns (indirect effect of new media on the currentness of the testimony of theatre-makers, such as, for instance, the projection of TV news that accentuate the impact of everydayness on the aesthetic perception of an audience. One should not discount the side effects of the media that entered the theatre, such as the effect of TV series on the social media popularity of actors. Therefore, when actors perform on stage, the audiences are inclined to perceive them as TV-series characters rather than dramatic characters.

  19. Mommy dances: Theatre for the very young as artistic research

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Lise Hovik

    2012-11-01

    Full Text Available The author discusses different approaches to artistic research based on her own research project involving several closely related theatre performances for young children. Key to the project is the development of a form of dance theatre in which the child audience is given the opportunity to actively participate and interact with the performers. The dramatic structure of the improvised dance concert Mamma Danser (2011 alternates between a common focus, an individual, “own” focus and a “multifocus”. The article discusses what implications this may have for the children, the performers and the researching artist. In scientific research a clear focus and a reflective perspective are often seen as crucial for the result, while in artistic processes more intuitive and improvised approaches are employed, consequently providing a different type of knowledge. Such knowledge, which is not readily accessible through the “outsider" perspective of hermeneutic interpretation, becomes evident by setting different interpretations and perspectives in dialogue with each other and with the performers’ own bodily experiences. Henk Borgdorff’s separation between an interpretive, an instrumental, and a performative research perspective is applied to provide a comprehensive picture of the process of creating artistic performances for young children. In conclusion, the author maintains that this research project demonstrates the possibility of creating common art experiences in which both adults and children take part in reciprocal interaction and improvisation.

  20. Gaze-contingent perceptually enabled interactions in the operating theatre.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kogkas, Alexandros A; Darzi, Ara; Mylonas, George P

    2017-07-01

    Improved surgical outcome and patient safety in the operating theatre are constant challenges. We hypothesise that a framework that collects and utilises information -especially perceptually enabled ones-from multiple sources, could help to meet the above goals. This paper presents some core functionalities of a wider low-cost framework under development that allows perceptually enabled interaction within the surgical environment. The synergy of wearable eye-tracking and advanced computer vision methodologies, such as SLAM, is exploited. As a demonstration of one of the framework's possible functionalities, an articulated collaborative robotic arm and laser pointer is integrated and the set-up is used to project the surgeon's fixation point in 3D space. The implementation is evaluated over 60 fixations on predefined targets, with distances between the subject and the targets of 92-212 cm and between the robot and the targets of 42-193 cm. The median overall system error is currently 3.98 cm. Its real-time potential is also highlighted. The work presented here represents an introduction and preliminary experimental validation of core functionalities of a larger framework under development. The proposed framework is geared towards a safer and more efficient surgical theatre.

  1. PEDAGOGICAL SCHOOL PROCESSES IN PERFORMING ARTS - THEATRE IN BOGOTÁ

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Angela Valderrama Diaz

    2010-02-01

    Full Text Available As a result of an exploratory research, this article offers a brief overview of the major trends in performing training at school, which are identifiable in both private and public schools of Bogotá. The issue of the inclusion of theatre in the school curriculum, as well as the various ways in which this subject is integrated into the study schemes of the schools, allows an analysis on the sense of the artistic education policies defined by the related official institutions, and their actual application or omission in the educational practice. This, in order to continue the study on the source of this research: the theatre teacher at the school, his knowledge and his action. The word knowledge is hence understood as the phase in which the teacher’s training, preparation and experience are incorporated, much in the same manner as the word action is understood as all the pedagogical strategies designed by the teacher from his knowledge and having in mind the practical needs of each educational context. In other words, the methodological implementation of his knowledge in a specific scenario: the school.

  2. Authenticity and commercialization. Cambodian theatre in a postcolonial perspective

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Maria Delimata

    2010-12-01

    Full Text Available The article discusses the problem of authenticity and commercialization in the context of the postcolonial theatre in Cambodia. It seems that contemporary art in this country depends on foreign funds and at the same time on the special taste of – mainly – Western donors. The author tries to show, that the epithet “pure Cambodian” is very often used to make art more interesting to tourists. A similar situation can be seen in the crucifixions in Cutud (which annually takes place in a Philippine province – Pampanga with a wide touristic audience and in Balinese theatre (another good example of a postcolonial, hybrid identity. Moreover, a discourse of the battle between “traditional” and “touristic” points of view does not have one answer. The search for purity can be a cause of petrifying traditional forms, as well as a sign of neocolonialism and (self-orientalisation. On the other hand, a dialogue between indigenous artists and the others, tourists, may give the art a new profile and new meaning.

  3. The ERATO project and its contribution to our understanding of the acoustics of ancient Greek and Roman theatres

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Rindel, Jens Holger; Nielsen, Martin Lisa

    2006-01-01

    The ancient Greek and Roman theatres are famous for the excellent acoustics. However, it is not generally well known that different kinds of theatres were built, for different purposes and with different acoustical conditions. One of the aims in the ERATO project has been to investigate...... the acoustics of the open air theatres and compare to the smaller, originally roofed theatres, also called odea (from Greek: Odeion, a hall for song and declamation with music). The method has been to make computer models of the spaces, first as the exist today, and adjust the acoustical data for surface...... of the spaces. The acoustical simulations have given a lot of interesting information about the acoustical qualities, mainly in the Roman theatres, but the earlier Greek theatre has also been studied in one case (Syracusa in Italy). It is found that the Roman open-air theatres had very high clarity of sound...

  4. A spontaneous ad hoc network to share www access

    OpenAIRE

    Lloret Jaime; Garcia Miguel; Peñalver Lourdes; Lacuesta Raquel

    2010-01-01

    In this paper, we propose a secure spontaneous ad-hoc network, based on direct peer-to-peer interaction, to grant a quick, easy, and secure access to the users to surf the Web. The paper shows the description of our proposal, the procedure of the nodes involved in the system, the security algorithms implemented, and the designed messages. We have taken into account the security and its performance. Although some people have defined and described the main features of spontaneous ad-hoc network...

  5. Survey on Security Issues in Vehicular Ad Hoc Networks

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Bassem Mokhtar

    2015-12-01

    Full Text Available Vehicular Ad hoc NETworks are special case of ad hoc networks that, besides lacking infrastructure, communicating entities move with various accelerations. Accordingly, this impedes establishing reliable end-to-end communication paths and having efficient data transfer. Thus, VANETs have different network concerns and security challenges to get the availability of ubiquitous connectivity, secure communications, and reputation management systems which affect the trust in cooperation and negotiation between mobile networking entities. In this survey, we discuss the security features, challenges, and attacks of VANETs, and we classify the security attacks of VANETs due to the different network layers.

  6. The Unmade City: Subjectivity, Buffalo and the Sad Fate of Studio Arena Theatre

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Julian Meyrick

    2016-09-01

    Full Text Available This article is a reflection on the disjointed and submerged cultural consciousness of the city of Buffalo, New York. It outlines the concept of subjectivity as put forward by the philosopher Alain Badiou, and maps it onto the history of Studio Arena, Buffalo’s main theatre company. Studio Arena Theatre (1927–2008 was one of the oldest and best known regional theatres in the USA. Its closure is a story fraught with conflict, misunderstanding and loss. That there has been no replacement theatre of comparable size and mandate says something about Buffalo’s diminished civic imaginary. While the link between the Theatre and the City is hard to formularise, it is a historically important relationship, going back to the time of Aristotle when theatre functioned as an informing resource for the lives of citizens. Those interested in urban renewal in Buffalo and other rust-belt US cities can profit not only from an understanding of Studio Arena Theatre’s history, but from a consideration of the kind of emotional engagement that this regional theatre represented.

  7. The effect of obesity on theatre utilisation time during primary hip and knee replacements.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sawalha, Seif; Ralte, Peter; Chan, Carol; Chandran, Prakash

    2015-01-01

    The aim of this study is to assess the effect of body mass index (BMI) and body weight on theatre utilisation time during primary total hip (THR) and knee replacements (TKR). A total of 1859 cases were included (820 THR and 1039 TKR). Patients were divided into groups based on BMI and body weight. The time interval from 'starting anaesthesia' to 'transfer back to recovery' was used as total theatre time. Hierarchal regression analysis was then used to study the effect of BMI and body weight while controlling the effect of any confounding variables. In THR cases, the median theatre time was significantly different between BMI and body weight subgroups (p=0.001). In TKR cases, the median theatre time was more significantly different between weight subgroups (ptheatre time in THR cases after controlling for other variables. In TKR cases, body weight and BMI were not predictors of theatre time after controlling for other variables. Body weight is a significant predictor of theatre time during THR. Neither weight nor BMI predicted theatre time during TKR.

  8. Theatre Shoes — A Link in the Common Pathway of Postoperative Wound Infection?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Amirfeyz, Rouin; Tasker, Andrew; Ali, Sami; Bowker, Karen; Blom, Ashley

    2007-01-01

    INTRODUCTION Operating department staff are usually required to wear dedicated theatre shoes whilst in the theatre area but there is little evidence to support the beneficial use of theatre shoes. PATIENTS AND METHODS We performed a study to assess the level of bacterial contamination of theatre shoes at the beginning and end of a working day, and compared the results with outdoor footwear. RESULTS We found the presence of pathogenic bacterial species responsible for postoperative wound infection on all shoe groups, with outdoor shoes being the most heavily contaminated. Samples taken from theatre shoes at the end of duty were less contaminated than those taken at the beginning of the day with the greatest reduction being in the number of coagulase-negative staphylococcal species grown. Studies have demonstrated that floor bacteria may contribute up to 15% of airborne bacterial colony forming units in operating rooms. The pathogenic bacteria we isolated have also been demonstrated as contaminants in water droplets spilt onto sterile gloves after surgical scrubbing. CONCLUSIONS Theatre shoes and floors present a potential source for postoperative infection. A combination of dedicated theatre shoe use and a good floor washing protocol controls the level of shoe contamination by coagulase-negative staphylococci in particular. This finding is significant given the importance of staphylococcal species in postoperative wound infection. PMID:18201476

  9. Effectiveness and efficiency of the two trolley system as an infection control mechanism in the operating theatre.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Tuisawana, Viliame

    2009-11-01

    A good infection control manager understands the need to prevent a complete cycle of infection. The Infection Control Working Group Manual of Fiji, emphasised that the Cycle of Infection is the series of stage in which infection is spread. Operating theatres have infection control protocols. Most equipments and instruments used in operating theatre circulate within the theatre. The theatre trolleys are a main component in managing an operating theatre but the least recognised. This paper reviews the effectiveness and efficiency of the current two-trolley system as an infection control mechanism in theatre. The paper will discuss infection control using the current trolley system in relation to the layout of Labasa Hospital operating theatre, human resource, equipment standard and random swab results. The following are random swab results of theatre equipments taken by the Infection Control Nurse from 2006 to 2008. The Labasa Hospital Infection Committee have discouraged random swab sample from mid 2008 based on new guidelines on infection control. The two trolley system, in which an allocated outside trolley transports patients from the ward to a semi-sterile area in theatre. The inside trolley which transports the patient to the operating table. The two trolley system means more trolleys, extra staffs for lifting, additional handling of very sick patients, congestion and delay in taking patients to operating table in theatres should be considered. The one-trolley system in theatre greatly reduces the chances of manually lifting patients, thus reducing the risk of patient injury from fall and risk of back injuries to nurses. There are other evident based practices which can compliment the one trolley system for an effective infection control mechanism in theatres. The Fiji Infection Control Manual (2002) emphases the importance of regularly cleaning the environment and equipments in theatre but there is never a mention about using a two trolley system as an

  10. 'Theatre as an eye-opener': How theatre may contribute to knowledge about living close to persons with dementia.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gjengedal, Eva; Lykkeslet, Else; Sæther, Wigdis H; Sørbø, Jan Inge

    2016-05-13

    The aim of the study was to show how theatre may yield insight into living close to persons with dementia. Six focus group interviews with health providers and close relatives were conducted. The informants, recruited by the local dementia associations and nursing homes in three Norwegian towns, were invited to see the theatre play Our Wonderful World. Further, they were asked to send written reflections from during and after the play to the project group within one week. Transcripts from the interviews and reflection notes were analysed inspired by a phenomenological approach. After discussion and reflection on each member's preliminary themes, a common meaning of the informants' experiences were gained. Informants gave written informed consent and The Norwegian Social Sciences Data Services assessed the project. Data showed that the two groups of informants had different knowledge of the patients' earlier life and thoughts of the future. They became aware of how different they experienced their responsibility, and they expressed different attitudes as to how open one should be about the illness. Findings are summarised in four themes: Bright memories and sombre views of the future, Life responsibility versus professional responsibility and Shielding versus openness. The drama creates emotional engagement that enabled the informants to transcend their personal experiences and gain new knowledge. © The Author(s) 2016.

  11. Beam instability Workshop - plenary sessions

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2001-07-01

    The purpose of this workshop was to provide a review of the mechanisms of limiting beam instabilities, their cures, including feedback, and beam measurement for synchrotron radiation light sources. 12 plenary sessions took place whose titles are: 1) challenging brilliance and lifetime issues with increasing currents; 2) limiting instabilities in multibunch; 3) experience from high currents in B factories; 4) longitudinal dynamics in high intensity/bunch; 5) Transverse instabilities for high intensity/bunch; 6) working group introduction from ESRF experience; 7) impedance modelling: simulations, minimization; 8) report on the broadband impedance measurements and modelling workshop; 9) feedback systems for synchrotron light sources; 10) beam instabilities diagnostics; 11) harmonic cavities: the pros and cons; and 12) experimental study of fast beam-ion instabilities at PLS. This document gathers the 12 articles that were presented during these sessions.

  12. Towards a 20th Century History of Relationships between Theatre and Neuroscience

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Gabriele Sofia

    2014-05-01

    Full Text Available This article considers some preliminary reflections in view of a 20th century theatre-and-neuroscience history. Up to now, the history of the 20th century theatre has been too fragmentary and irregular, missing out on the subterranean links which, either directly or indirectly, bound different experiences. The article aims to put in evidence the recurrent problems of these encounters. The hypothesis of the essay concerns the possibility of gathering and grouping a great part of the relationships between theatre and neuroscience around four trajectories: the physiology of action, the physiology of emotions, ethology, and studies on the spectator’s perception.

  13. Dynamic Mobile IP routers in ad hoc networks

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Kock, B.A.; Schmidt, J.R.

    2005-01-01

    This paper describes a concept combining mobile IP and ad hoc routing to create a robust mobile network. In this network all nodes are mobile and globally and locally reachable under the same IP address. Essential for implementing this network are the dynamic mobile IP routers. They act as gateways

  14. Authentication and consensus overhead in vehicular ad hoc networks

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Petit, Jonathan; Mammeri, Zoubir

    Vehicular ad hoc networks aim at increasing passenger safety by exchanging warning messages between vehicles wirelessly. A main challenge is to resist to various malicious abuses and security attacks. However, any security mechanism comes with overhead. We analyze how the authentication algorithm

  15. A survey of TCP over ad hoc networks

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Al Hanbali, Ahmad; Altman, Eitan; Nain, Philippe

    2005-01-01

    The Transmission Control Protocol (TCP) was designed to provide reliable end-to-end delivery of data over unreliable networks. In practice, most TCP deployments have been carefully designed in the context of wired networks. Ignoring the properties of wireless ad hoc networks can lead to TCP

  16. Decentralized Network-level Synchronization in Mobile Ad Hoc Networks

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Voulgaris, Spyros; Dobson, Matthew; van Steen, Martinus Richardus

    Energy is the scarcest resource in ad hoc wireless networks, particularly in wireless sensor networks requiring a long lifetime. Intermittently switching the radio on and off is widely adopted as the most effective way to keep energy consumption low. This, however, prevents the very goal of

  17. The accuracy of interpreting key psychiatric terms by ad hoc ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    from various professional groups in an ad hoc way. ... technical vocabulary. Problems with interpretation may arise as a result of these challenges. Difficulties in interpretation include the omission of information, bad paraphrasing, lack of translatable ... considerable challenges to accurate interpreting in this group, not.

  18. Authentication Based on Multilayer Clustering in Ad Hoc Networks

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Suh Heyi-Sook

    2005-01-01

    Full Text Available In this paper, we describe a secure cluster-routing protocol based on a multilayer scheme in ad hoc networks. This work provides scalable, threshold authentication scheme in ad hoc networks. We present detailed security threats against ad hoc routing protocols, specifically examining cluster-based routing. Our proposed protocol, called "authentication based on multilayer clustering for ad hoc networks" (AMCAN, designs an end-to-end authentication protocol that relies on mutual trust between nodes in other clusters. The AMCAN strategy takes advantage of a multilayer architecture that is designed for an authentication protocol in a cluster head (CH using a new concept of control cluster head (CCH scheme. We propose an authentication protocol that uses certificates containing an asymmetric key and a multilayer architecture so that the CCH is achieved using the threshold scheme, thereby reducing the computational overhead and successfully defeating all identified attacks. We also use a more extensive area, such as a CCH, using an identification protocol to build a highly secure, highly available authentication service, which forms the core of our security framework.

  19. VMQL: A Visual Language for Ad-Hoc Model Querying

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Störrle, Harald

    2011-01-01

    In large scale model based development, analysis level models are more like knowledge bases than engineering artifacts. Their effectiveness depends, to a large degree, on the ability of domain experts to retrieve information from them ad hoc. For large scale models, however, existing query facili...

  20. ON SECURE FULL DUPLEX COMMUNICATION IN MOBILE AD HOC NETWORK

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    S. C. Dutta

    2013-06-01

    Full Text Available This paper is to establish Ad Hoc network in mobile phones and start fully secured full duplex communication in any situation. This type of communication will be cost effective and it will be fastest way of communication in case of any server failure or server error.

  1. ON SECURE FULL DUPLEX COMMUNICATION IN MOBILE AD HOC NETWORK

    OpenAIRE

    S. C. Dutta; Sudha Singh; D. K. Singh

    2013-01-01

    This paper is to establish Ad Hoc network in mobile phones and start fully secured full duplex communication in any situation. This type of communication will be cost effective and it will be fastest way of communication in case of any server failure or server error.

  2. Modelling Mobility in Mobile AD-HOC Network Environments ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    We show how to implement the random waypoint mobility model for ad-hoc networks without pausing, through a more efficient and reliable computer simulation, using MATrix LABoratory 7.5.0 (R2007b). Simulation results obtained verify the correctness of the model. Keywords : Stationary, random waypoint, simulation, ...

  3. The accuracy of interpreting key psychiatric terms by ad hoc ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    1Centre for Public Mental Health, Department of Psychology, Stellenbosch University, South Africa. 2Department of Psychiatry ... Cultural diversity plays an important role in South Africa's mental health services. Not only do ... interpreter.2 Ad hoc interpreters may have inadequate language proficiency and may lack ...

  4. Access Point Security Service for wireless ad-hoc communication

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Scholten, Johan; Nijdam, M.

    2006-01-01

    This paper describes the design and implementation of a security solution for ad-hoc peer-to-peer communication. The security solution is based on a scenario where two wireless devices require secure communication, but share no security relationship a priori. The necessary requirements for the

  5. National Theatre of China's Romeo and Juliet and Its Rituals

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Benny Lim

    2014-04-01

    Full Text Available This paper explores the “Chinese-ness” of this brand new production of Romeo and Juliet by the National Theatre of China, from a ritual perspective. Three main areas were discussed. Firstly, this play has got several religious connotations. The absence of religion in this play’s setting is relevant to China’s current high percentage of atheists. Despite that, several religions, such as Buddhism, Daoism and Christianity, are mentioned in this play. Secondly, the play has also incorporated several Chinese culture and traditions. The use of bicycles as one of the main props can be linked to the cultural significance of bicycles in China. The play also incorporated other cultural and traditional elements such as wedding customaries in China, Xinjiang dance, as well as the Chinese tongue twisters. Finally, the play has incorporated multiple Brechtian moments. Perhaps the Brechtian moments can lead audience to think about the current religious and cultural developments in modern China.

  6. The complexity of measuring interprofessional teamwork in the operating theatre.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Healey, Andrew N; Undre, Shabnam; Sevdalis, Nick; Koutantji, Maria; Vincent, Charles A

    2006-10-01

    Surgery depends on interprofessional teamwork, which is becoming increasingly specialized. If surgery is to become a highly reliable system, it must adapt and professionals must learn from, and share, tested models of interprofessional teamwork. Trainers also need valid measures of teamwork to assess individual and team performance. However, measurement and assessment of interprofessional teamwork is lacking and interprofessional team training is scarce in the surgical domain. This paper addresses the complexity of measuring interprofessional teamwork in the operating theatre. It focuses mainly on the design and properties of observational assessment tools. The report and analysis serves to inform the researcher or clinician of the issues to consider when designing or choosing from alternative measures of team performance for training or assessment.

  7. Simulation-Based Optimization for Surgery Scheduling in Operation Theatre Management Using Response Surface Method.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Liang, Feng; Guo, Yuanyuan; Fung, Richard Y K

    2015-11-01

    Operation theatre is one of the most significant assets in a hospital as the greatest source of revenue as well as the largest cost unit. This paper focuses on surgery scheduling optimization, which is one of the most crucial tasks in operation theatre management. A combined scheduling policy composed of three simple scheduling rules is proposed to optimize the performance of scheduling operation theatre. Based on the real-life scenarios, a simulation-based model about surgery scheduling system is built. With two optimization objectives, the response surface method is adopted to search for the optimal weight of simple rules in a combined scheduling policy in the model. Moreover, the weights configuration can be revised to cope with dispatching dynamics according to real-time change at the operation theatre. Finally, performance comparison between the proposed combined scheduling policy and tabu search algorithm indicates that the combined scheduling policy is capable of sequencing surgery appointments more efficiently.

  8. Provision of an emergency theatre in tertiary hospitals is cost-effective

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Provision of an emergency theatre in tertiary hospitals is cost-effective: Audit and cost of cancelled planned elective general surgical operations at Pietersburg Hospital, Limpopo Province, South Africa.

  9. Review: Johnny Saldaña (2005). Ethnodrama: An Anthology of Reality Theatre

    National Research Council Canada - National Science Library

    June Rabson Hare

    2008-01-01

    ...." The editor and compiler of this collection is Johnny SALDAÑA, a Professor of Theatre at Arizona State University and also a qualitative researcher with experience of both traditional re-presentation of data as well as ethnodramatic work...

  10. The Founding of the International Association of Theatres for Children and Youth.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Regan, F. Scott

    1990-01-01

    Traces the development of the Association Internationale du Theatre pour l'Enfance et de la Jeunesse (ASSITEJ), the international association of theaters for children and youth, which celebrates its twenty-fifth anniversary in 1990. (SR)

  11. Perioperative nurses' experiences of communication in a multicultural operating theatre: A qualitative study.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Clayton, Judy; Isaacs, Anton Neville; Ellender, Isabel

    2016-02-01

    To explore the lived experiences of perioperative nurses in a multicultural operating theatre in Melbourne, Australia. Multiculturalism has become the norm in the health workforce of several developed countries due mostly to immigration. Within an operating theatre setting where good communication is paramount, the presence of nurses and doctors from multiple cultures and different training backgrounds could pose a major challenge. Using a qualitative research methodology underpinned by phenomenology, we interviewed fourteen nurses from different sections of an operating theatre. From the lived experiences of the participants, difficulties in communication emerged as the major theme. Difficulties in communication affected patient care and the working atmosphere. In addition, social integration appeared to improve communication. Addressing the needs of patients from culturally and linguistically diverse backgrounds in the operating theatre continues to be challenging. However, developing a sense of camaraderie and fostering good relationships between staff through regular social gatherings can improve communication and the working atmosphere. Copyright © 2014 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

  12. Context dependent memory in two learning environments: the tutorial room and the operating theatre

    National Research Council Canada - National Science Library

    Coveney, Andrew P; Switzer, Timothy; Corrigan, Mark A; Redmond, Henry P

    2013-01-01

    .... Using a free recall experimental model, fourteen medical student participants were administered audio lists of 30 words in two separate learning environments, a tutorial room and an operating theatre...

  13. Exploring Risky Youth Experiences: Popular Theatre as a Participatory, Performative Research Method

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Diane Conrad

    2004-03-01

    Full Text Available This article discusses a Popular Theatre project with a group of high school drama students in a rural Alberta community. As a research method, Popular Theatre draws on traditions in participatory research and performance ethnography. In our project, entitled “Life in the Sticks,” based on students' initial claims that their issues were determined by their rural environment, Popular Theatre was a way to collectively draw out, represent and question their experiences through theatrical means. Our process helped students re-examine their beliefs and helped me reframe the notion “at-risk” to include the perceptions of youth. Popular Theatre is shown to be an effective pedagogical tool and research method in the new insights and critical understandings it yielded..

  14. Institutional computing (IC) information session

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Koch, Kenneth R [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Lally, Bryan R [Los Alamos National Laboratory

    2011-01-19

    The LANL Institutional Computing Program (IC) will host an information session about the current state of unclassified Institutional Computing at Los Alamos, exciting plans for the future, and the current call for proposals for science and engineering projects requiring computing. Program representatives will give short presentations and field questions about the call for proposals and future planned machines, and discuss technical support available to existing and future projects. Los Alamos has started making a serious institutional investment in open computing available to our science projects, and that investment is expected to increase even more.

  15. Practical Session: Simple Linear Regression

    Science.gov (United States)

    Clausel, M.; Grégoire, G.

    2014-12-01

    Two exercises are proposed to illustrate the simple linear regression. The first one is based on the famous Galton's data set on heredity. We use the lm R command and get coefficients estimates, standard error of the error, R2, residuals …In the second example, devoted to data related to the vapor tension of mercury, we fit a simple linear regression, predict values, and anticipate on multiple linear regression. This pratical session is an excerpt from practical exercises proposed by A. Dalalyan at EPNC (see Exercises 1 and 2 of http://certis.enpc.fr/~dalalyan/Download/TP_ENPC_4.pdf).

  16. Working session 3: Tubing integrity

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Cueto-Felgueroso, C. [Tecnatom, S.A., San Sebastian de los Reyes, Madrid (Spain); Strosnider, J. [NRC, Washington, DC (United States)

    1997-02-01

    Twenty-three individuals representing nine countries (Belgium, Canada, the Czech Republic, France, Japan, the Slovak Republic, Spain, the UK, and the US) participated in the session on tube integrity. These individuals represented utilities, vendors, consultants and regulatory authorities. The major subjects discussed by the group included overall objectives of managing steam generator tube degradation, necessary elements of a steam generator degradation management program, the concept of degradation specific management, structural integrity evaluations, leakage evaluations, and specific degradation mechanisms. The group`s discussions on these subjects, including conclusions and recommendations, are summarized in this article.

  17. How do early emotional experiences in the operating theatre influence medical student learning in this environment?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bowrey, David J; Kidd, Jane M

    2014-01-01

    The emotions experienced by medical students on first exposure to the operating theatre are unknown. It is also unclear what influence these emotions have on the learning process. To understand the emotions experienced by students when in the operating theatre for the first time and the impact of these emotions on learning. Nine 3rd-year medical students participated in semistructured interviews to explore these themes. A qualitative approach was used; interviews were transcribed and coded thematically. All participants reported initial negative emotions (apprehension, anxiety, fear, shame, overwhelmed), with excitement being reported by 3. Six participants considered that their anxiety was so overwhelming that it was detrimental to their learning. Participants described a period of familiarization to the environment, after which learning was facilitated. Early learning experiences centered around adjustment to the physical environment of the operating theatre. Factors driving initial negative feelings were loss of familiarity, organizational issues, concerns about violating protocol, and a fear of syncope. Participants considered that it took a median of 1 week (range = 1 day-3 weeks) or 5 visits to the operating theatre (range = 1-10) before feeling comfortable in the new setting. Emotions experienced on subsequent visits to the operating theatre were predominantly positive (enjoyment, happiness, confident, involved, pride). Two participants reported negative feelings related to social exclusion. Being included in the team was a powerful determinant of enjoyment. These findings indicate that for learning in the operating theatre to be effective, addressing the negative emotions of the students might be beneficial. This could be achieved by a formal orientation program for both learners and tutors in advance of attendance in the operating theatre. For learning to be optimized, students must feel a sense of inclusion in the theatre community of practice.

  18. Reducing the carbon footprint of the operating theatre: a multicentre quality improvement report.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Southorn, T; Norrish, A R; Gardner, K; Baxandall, R

    2013-06-01

    Currently, there are very few provisions for recycling in theatres. We measured the weight of clinical waste for several orthopaedic operations. This waste was then examined and sorted into domestic waste and clinical waste. With staff education it is possible to reduce the amount of clinical waste generated by the operating theatre by roughly 50%. A greater awareness of disposal options leads to a reduction in waste disposed of by incineration.

  19. Audience Participation and Neoliberal Value: Risk, Agency and Responsibility in Immersive Theatre

    OpenAIRE

    Alston, A

    2013-01-01

    This article identifies a value set shared between the neoliberal ethos and modes of audience participation frequently promoted in immersive theatre: values such as risk-taking, individual freedoms and personal responsibility. The promotion of self-made opportunity, premised either on opportunistic risk-taking, or the savvy attitude that comes with experience and familiarity with immersive theatre participation, will be addressed as valorising another shared value: entrepreneurialism. A parti...

  20. Safety in the Operating Theatre | a Multi Factor Approach for Patients and Teams

    OpenAIRE

    Wauben, L.S.G.L

    2010-01-01

    Due to the advances in high-tech technology in the operating theatre, the increased number of persons involved, and the increased complexity of surgical procedures, medical errors are inflicted. To answer the main question: How to improve patient safety in the operating theatre during surgery? this thesis is split into three parts. Part A focuses on the processes concerning ‘planning, acting/ performing and recording’ surgical procedures. Currently, no surgical protocol uniformity exists and ...

  1. Nurses' perceptions and experiences of communication in the operating theatre: a focus group interview

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Kidd Jane

    2006-02-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Nurses' perceptions and experiences of communication in the operating theatre: a focus group interview Background Communication programmes are well established in nurse education. The focus of programmes is most often on communicating with patients with less attention paid to inter-professional communication or skills essential for working in specialised settings. Although there are many anecdotal reports of communication within the operating theatre, there are few empirical studies. This paper explores communication behaviours for effective practice in the operating theatre as perceived by nurses and serves as a basis for developing training. Methods A focus group interview was conducted with seven experienced theatre nurses from a large London teaching hospital. The interview explored their perceptions of the key as well as unique features of effective communication skills in the operating theatre. Data was transcribed and thematically analysed until agreement was achieved by the two authors. Results There was largely consensus on the skills deemed necessary for effective practice including listening, clarity of speech and being polite. Significant influences on the nature of communication included conflict in role perception and organisational issues. Nurses were often expected to work outside of their role which either directly or indirectly created barriers for effective communication. Perceptions of a lack of collaborative team effort also influenced communication. Conclusion Although fundamental communication skills were identified for effective practice in the operating theatre, there were significant barriers to their use because of confusion over clarity of roles (especially nurses' roles and the implications for teamwork. Nurses were dissatisfied with several aspects of communication. Future studies should explore the breadth and depth of this dissatisfaction in other operating theatres, its impact on morale and importantly

  2. Five-year microbiological monitoring of wards and operating theatres in southern Italy

    OpenAIRE

    La Fauci, V.; Genovese, C.; Facciol?, A.; Palamara, M.A.R.; Squeri, R.

    2017-01-01

    Summary Introduction. Nosocomial infections are one of the greatest problems in public health. Several studies have highlighted the role played by the hospital environment as a possible source of transmission of nosocomial pathogens. Methods. A five-year monitoring of bacterial contamination on healthcare workers hands, surfaces most closely in contact with inpatient wards, operating theatres and "at rest" and "in use" operating theatre air samples. For the samples, we used sterile swabs, con...

  3. Effects of Presence and Performance on Lola Arias’s theatre

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    María Fernanda Pinta

    2013-09-01

    Full Text Available In the current media and spectacles cultural context, the expansion of performance into different practices challenges theatre to create alternative models to approach human experience. As a response, theatre appeals to the sensitive and empathic contact of bodies with the intimacy of affective connections, with biographical stories and their respective projections in the social and historical realms. This work proposes an investigation of the theatrical work of Argentine artist Lola Arias in dialog with this performative model of contemporary culture.

  4. "You know the homophobic stuff is not in me, like us, it's out there". Using Participatory Theatre to challenge heterosexism and heteronormativity in a South African school

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Dennis Francis

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available Forum Theatre (FT, a participatory improvised theatre form, raises consciousness, enables debate and critical reflection, and encourages a democratic form of knowledge production that engages the audience in their own learning and unlearning. I used FT as a platform to understand how 15- to 18-year-old learners, in a co-educational school in the Free State, experience and respond to heterosexism and heteronormativity. In this article, I explore whether FT sessions, based on the sociodramatic theories of Boal, are a sufficient enough construct to challenge heterosexism. Data collected for this article included videotapes of the performances, discussions, and field notes. The FT scenes and subsequent discussions suggest that young people bemoan heterosexism and heteronormativity in their school and demonstrate a commitment to challenge extreme examples of prejudice and behaviour by their teachers and peers, yet ignore or shy away from everyday examples of heterosexist exclusions and privilege. I argue that a participatory process, such as FT, can be a useful construct to challenge heterosexism, but it is not in itself liberatory, as the issues of socialisation, privilege, and context cannot be bypassed simply through 'participation'.

  5. Causes of elective surgery cancellation and theatre throughput efficiency in an Australian urology unit [v1; ref status: indexed, http://f1000r.es/3z1

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Andrew Keller

    2014-08-01

    Full Text Available Objective: To evaluate our unit’s theatre throughput efficiency, to identify where inefficiencies existed and consequently where the greatest improvement might be made. To identify the causes of day of surgery cancellations and how they might be avoided. Patients and Methods: A prospective audit of theatre utilisation was undertaken over a 6 month period between 05/02//2013 and 02/08/2013 at Ipswich General Hospital, QLD, Australia. Times collected were: time of patient arrival in anaesthetic bay, start time of operative procedure, end time of operative procedure, and time of patient leaving theatre. The causative factors for any delays or day of surgery cancellations were identified and recorded where possible. Results: In the six month period 26,850 sessional minutes were available for elective operating over 100 operating sessions. 304 elective cases were performed, split between 21 major and 283 minor procedures The sessions ran overtime a cumulative 2114 minutes. Total non-operative minutes totalled 13,209 (50.3% of all available time, split between late starts 499 minutes (1.8%, early list finishes 1894 minutes (7.05%,  changeover time 1869 minutes (6.9% and anaesthetic time, 8974 minutes (33.4% Actual operating time only compromised 50.7% of all available elective operating session time (13,614 minutes Theatre utilisation was 91.8%. 51 procedures were cancelled on the day of surgery during the audit period, representing 14.3% of all scheduled procedures. The most common reason for cancellation was lack of surgical fitness, followed by inadequate operative time. Conclusion:  A significant proportion of all elective operative time was consumed by non-operative minutes. Inefficiencies existed in turnover of patients as well as over as well as underbooking of patients on elective lists. An excessive number of cases were cancelled on the day of surgery, wasting valuable operative time. A multi-parametric approach must be taken to

  6. Assessment of educational environment of surgical theatre at a teaching hospital of a saudi university: using surgical theatre educational environment measures.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Al-Qahtani, Mona Faisal; Al-Sheikh, Mona

    2012-05-01

    This study was aimed to determine how medical interns perceive the important factors of the learning environment the surgical theatre at the teaching hospital of the medical school, University of Dammam (UoD). The study also investigated the relationships between the learning environment and academic achievements. Finally, it determined the role and significance of gender on the above perceptions and relationships. The Surgical Theatre Educational Environment Measure (STEEM) was used to identify the perceptions of interns on the most important factors prevalent in the surgical theatre as an educational environment. STEEM was administered to all interns during the period of June-September 2009. Ninety-one out of 145 students completed the questionnaire representing a response rate of 63%. Non-parametric statistical analysis was performed using Statistical Package for the Social Sciences (SPSS) Version 17. The STEEM was shown to be internally consistent for the assessment of the overall educational environment in the surgical theatre of UoD. The overall STEEM mean score was 110. For male and female students, the mean scores were 114 and 107 respectively. There were statistically significant gender differences in the perceptions of "learning opportunities" and "teaching and training". Females rated these subscales lower than males. There were no significant associations between academic achievements and perceptions of the educational environment. The interns perceived the learning environment of the surgical theatre as less than satisfactory. In comparison with the males; the perception of the females was less positive, particularly in the areas of learning opportunities, and teaching and training. The study also revealed some other problematic areas in the learning environment of surgical theatre of the teaching hospital of UoD. The results imply that there is much room for improvement. They also indicate that equal opportunities for learning and training should be

  7. A novel method of personnel cooling in an operating theatre environment.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Casha, Aaron R; Manché, Alexander; Camilleri, Liberato; Gauci, Marilyn; Grima, Joseph N; Borg, Michael A

    2014-10-01

    An optimized theatre environment, including personal temperature regulation, can help maintain concentration, extend work times and may improve surgical outcomes. However, devices, such as cooling vests, are bulky and may impair the surgeon's mobility. We describe the use of a low-cost, low-energy 'bladeless fan' as a personal cooling device. The safety profile of this device was investigated by testing air quality using 0.5- and 5-µm particle counts as well as airborne bacterial counts on an operating table simulating a wound in a thoracic operation in a busy theatre environment. Particle and bacterial counts were obtained with both an empty and full theatre, with and without the 'bladeless fan'. The use of the 'bladeless fan' within the operating theatre during the simulated operation led to a minor, not statistically significant, lowering of both the particle and bacterial counts. In conclusion, the 'bladeless fan' is a safe, effective, low-cost and low-energy consumption solution for personnel cooling in a theatre environment that maintains the clean room conditions of the operating theatre. © The Author 2014. Published by Oxford University Press on behalf of the European Association for Cardio-Thoracic Surgery. All rights reserved.

  8. Improving time to surgery for hip fracture patients. Impact of the introduction of an emergency theatre.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ffrench-O'Carroll, R; McDonagh, F; Flood, G

    2017-01-11

    Hip fractures are a major cause of morbidity and mortality1. Surgery performed on the day of or after admission is associated with improved outcome2,3. An audit cycle was performed examining time to surgery for hip fracture patients. Our initial audit identified lack of theatre space as one factor delaying surgery. A dedicated daytime emergency theatre was subsequently opened and a re-audit was performed to assess its impact on time to surgery. Following the opening of the theatre, the proportion of patients with a delay to hip fracture surgery greater than 36 hours was reduced from 49% to 26% with lack of theatre space accounting for 23% (3 of 13) of delayed cases versus 28.6% (9 of 32) previously. 44% of hip fracture surgeries were performed in the emergency theatre during daytime hours, whilst in-hospital mortality rose from 4.6% to 6%. We conclude that access to an emergency theatre during daytime hours reduced inappropriate delays to hip fracture surgery.

  9. Listen while you work? The attitude of healthcare professionals to music in the operating theatre.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Faraj, A A; Wright, A P; Haneef, J H S; Jones, A

    2014-09-01

    Although the playing of music is commonplace in the operating theatre, there is nothing in the literature examining whether staff feel this is beneficial. Questionnaires were distributed amongst a random selection of staff in practice at a district general hospital: medical staff from a range of surgical specialities, anaesthetists, and all grades of perioperative staff (nurse/operating department practitioners/healthcare assistants) were encouraged to participate. There were 121 health professionals in total working in the operating theatres. The authors compared the responses to each question amongst the respondents, to check for the tendency to correlate. Out of the 52 health professionals who responded, 36 stated that music is played in their theatre either every day, or two to three times a week. Only five respondents felt that this was too often. Fifteen percent of medical staff were of the opinion that the nursing staff controlled the choice of music. Nursing staff were almost evenly split in thinking that nursing staff, surgical staff and the whole theatre team controlled the choice of music. The majority of both nursing and medical staff felt that they enjoyed their work more and performed better when music was played in theatre. The study concluded that the majority of theatre staff found listening to music while they work a positive experience. The potential for music to have a distracting or detrimental effect on a minority of individuals should always be considered.

  10. Music in the operating theatre: opinions of staff and patients of a Nigerian teaching hospital.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Makama, J G; Ameh, E A; Eguma, S A

    2010-12-01

    The role of music during surgery has been studied, including its effect on theatre staff, users and patients. However, little attention has been paid to its application especially in our environment. It was a prospective study, involving theatre staff, users, and patients. Their opinions on acceptability and the role of music in operating theatre were determined. Information was obtained by questionnaire. There were 162 respondents; age range 25 to 76 years (median age 39). There were 109 (67.2%) males and 53 (32.7%) female. One hundred and forty five (89.5%) respondents agree that music should be played in the operating theatre. One fifty eight, (97.5%) considered low tone of music to be most appropriate in the theatre while 3(1.9%), and 1(0.6%) considered moderate and high tone respectively to be most appropriate. One hundred and sixteen, (71.6%) preferred jazz music while 19(11.7%) reggae, 11(6.8%) African music, 13 (8.0%) others (not specify), 2 (1.2%) classical, and 1(0.6%) Irish folk. The majority of the respondents were aware of the role of music in terms of its anxiolytic effect, reduction of stress and enhancement of performance when familiar music is played. Music in the operating theatre has immeasurable effects. It can prevent distraction, minimize annoyance, reduce stress and diminish the anxiety of patients, staff and users.

  11. A short report on knowledge exchange through research-based theatre: 'inside out of mind'.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Schneider, Justine; Lowe, Stephen; Myers, Tanya; Scales, Kezia; Bailey, Simon; Middleton, Joanne

    2014-10-01

    The short report describes the development from page to stage of a work of theatre based on an ethnographic study. The originating research focused on the work of health care assistants (nurse's aides) whose direct impact on the quality of life of highly dependent people is often overlooked. The research followed hospital personnel on wards specialising in the 'challenging behaviour' associated with dementia in central England. Conventional research outputs failed to engage the health care assistants themselves, so we turned to theatre to remedy this. The development of the field notes into theatre was characterised by the artistic freedom given to the playwright, in contrast to more data-led approaches to theatre making. The account of the process of creating the play, Inside Out of Mind, is followed a description of how the work was received by specialist and general audiences totalling 2000+. The discussion seeks to locate the whole enterprise in relation to the field of research-based theatre and explores how the production and its associated learning events relate to definitions of research-based theatre in the light of recent attempts to encapsulate this broad and diverse methodology. Copyright © 2014 The Authors. Published by Elsevier Ltd.. All rights reserved.

  12. Medical students as observers in theatre: is an explicit consent necessary?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Leung, Gilberto K K; Patil, N G

    2011-06-01

    Obtaining consent before engaging patients in teaching activities is essential. The presence of medical students as observers in the operating theatre is sometimes overlooked as a form of teaching activity, in which patients could have become unwitting or unwilling participants. To investigate patients' attitudes towards student observers in theatre. A cross-sectional, voluntary, guided questionnaire survey on 225 general surgical patients at a teaching hospital. Over two-thirds of patients would accept student observers, and regard a prior consent process as essential. Gender, level of education, subjective state of health and the perceived risk of surgery were not found to influence their decisions. Younger patients were more likely to refuse observers. Close to 10 percent of patients who were happy to participate in bedside teaching would not accept theatre observers, whereas 25 percent who were not happy to participate in bedside teaching would accept theatre observers. An explicit consent process is essential for theatre-based teaching, even when students are simply acting as observers. Patients who are willing to participate in ward-based teaching should not be presumed to accept theatre observers. © Blackwell Publishing Ltd 2011.

  13. Out-of-theatre tracheal intubation: prospective multicentre study of clinical practice and adverse events.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bowles, T M; Freshwater-Turner, D A; Janssen, D J; Peden, C J

    2011-11-01

    Tracheal intubation is commonly performed outside the operating theatre and is associated with higher risk than intubation in theatre. Recent guidelines and publications including the 4th National Audit Project of the Royal College of Anaesthetists have sought to improve the safety of out-of-theatre intubations. We performed a prospective observational study examining all tracheal intubations occurring outside the operating theatre in nine hospitals over a 1 month period. Data were collected on speciality and grade of intubator, presence of essential safety equipment and monitoring, and adverse events. One hundred and sixty-four out-of-theatre intubations were identified (excluding those where intubation occurred as part of the management of cardiac arrest). The most common indication for intubation was respiratory failure [74 cases (45%)]. Doctors with at least 6 month's experience in anaesthesia performed 136 intubations (83%); consultants were present for 68 cases (41%), and overall a second intubator was present for 94 procedures (57%). Propofol was the most common induction agent [124 cases (76%)] and 157 patients (96%) received neuromuscular blocking agents. An airway rescue device was available in 139 cases (87%). Capnography was not used in 52 cases (32%). Sixty-four patients suffered at least one adverse event (39%) around the time of tracheal intubation. Out-of-theatre intubation frequently occurs in the absence of essential safety equipment, despite the existing guidelines. The associated adverse event rate is high.

  14. Theatre Involvement and Well-Being, Age Differences, and Lessons From Long-Time Subscribers.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Meeks, Suzanne; Shryock, Sarah Kelly; Vandenbroucke, Russell J

    2017-04-08

    Activities that provide positive emotions, meaningful social interaction, and psychological stimulation can bolster well-being throughout life. We tested a model of psychological benefit from, and age differences in, adult ticket buyers' involvement with a large regional theatre. We sent online surveys to Actors Theatre of Louisville ticketbuyers, measuring involvement with the theatre, satisfaction/enjoyment, social engagement, flow, and sense of belonging while attending, and well-being. Structural models (N = 496) tested a model of well-being and age differences; focus groups of older subscribers (N = 20) elaborated quantitative findings. As hypothesized, theatre involvement was indirectly related to satisfaction and enjoyment of the theatre, hedonic well-being, and social functioning, through the psychosocial benefits of flow, social engagement, and belonging. Age moderated the model relationships: involvement was more strongly related to benefits for younger than older participants, but there were no age differences in the relationship between benefits and well-being. Focus group participants articulated how theatre contributes to a sense of community and pride of place, connecting individual well-being to community well-being. Involvement in performing arts organizations may have lifelong benefits. The relationship between involvement and psychosocial benefit may be particularly strong for younger audience members despite the fact that older adults have more involvement. Older adults with long-term involvement appear to benefit even when they reduce their involvement. Our qualitative findings underscore the great richness of experience that younger generations might lose as a result of lower participation.

  15. Improving time to surgery for hip fracture patients. Impact of the introduction of an emergency theatre

    LENUS (Irish Health Repository)

    French-O’Carroll, F

    2017-01-01

    Hip fractures are a major cause of morbidity and mortality1. Surgery performed on the day of or after admission is associated with improved outcome2,3. An audit cycle was performed examining time to surgery for hip fracture patients. Our initial audit identified lack of theatre space as one factor delaying surgery. A dedicated daytime emergency theatre was subsequently opened and a re-audit was performed to assess its impact on time to surgery. Following the opening of the theatre, the proportion of patients with a delay to hip fracture surgery greater than 36 hours was reduced from 49% to 26% with lack of theatre space accounting for 23% (3 of 13) of delayed cases versus 28.6% (9 of 32) previously. 44% of hip fracture surgeries were performed in the emergency theatre during daytime hours, whilst in-hospital mortality rose from 4.6% to 6%. We conclude that access to an emergency theatre during daytime hours reduced inappropriate delays to hip fracture surgery.

  16. Popular theatre and nonformal education in the Third World: Five strands of experience

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kidd, Ross

    1985-09-01

    Popular theatre is gaining increasing attention in the Third World as a tool for popular education and community organizing. It finds expression in a number of forms including drama, music dance, puppetry and poetry and is performed for — and often by — ordinary peasants and workers. Popular theatre is used as a means of bringing people together, building confidence and solidarity, stimulating discussion, exploring alternative options for action, and building a collective commitment to change: starting with people's urgent concerns and issues, it encourages reflection on these issues and possible strategies for change. Popular theatre, however, is not a unified discipline. It is used by different groups for different interests, ranging from a technocratic, message-oriented `domestication theatre' at one end of the spectrum to a process of consciousness-raising, organization-building and struggle at the other end. Five main strands of popular theatre can be distinguished: (a) the struggle for national liberation; (b) mass education and rural extension; (c) community or participatory development; (d) `conscientization' or popular education; and (e) popular education and organizing. At its best, popular theatre is not an isolated performance or a cathartic experience, but part of an ongoing process of education and organizing, aimed at overcoming oppression and dependence, and at securing basic rights.

  17. Can particulate air sampling predict microbial load in operating theatres for arthroplasty?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cristina, Maria Luisa; Spagnolo, Anna Maria; Sartini, Marina; Panatto, Donatella; Gasparini, Roberto; Orlando, Paolo; Ottria, Gianluca; Perdelli, Fernanda

    2012-01-01

    Several studies have proposed that the microbiological quality of the air in operating theatres be indirectly evaluated by means of particle counting, a technique derived from industrial clean-room technology standards, using airborne particle concentration as an index of microbial contamination. However, the relationship between particle counting and microbiological sampling has rarely been evaluated and demonstrated in operating theatres. The aim of the present study was to determine whether particle counting could predict microbiological contamination of the air in an operating theatre during 95 surgical arthroplasty procedures. This investigation was carried out over a period of three months in 2010 in an orthopedic operating theatre devoted exclusively to prosthetic surgery. During each procedure, the bacterial contamination of the air was determined by means of active sampling; at the same time, airborne particulate contamination was assessed throughout the entire procedure. On considering the total number of surgical operations, the mean value of the total bacterial load in the center of the operating theatre proved to be 35 CFU/m(3); the mean particle count was 4,194,569 no./m(3) for particles of diameter ≥0.5 µm and 13,519 no./m(3) for particles of diameter ≥5 µm. No significant differences emerged between the median values of the airborne microbial load recorded during the two types of procedure monitored. Particulates with a diameter of ≥0.5 µm were detected in statistically higher concentrations (poperating theatres.

  18. Percy MacKaye’s Civic Theatre: a Pioneer in Theatre Animation and the Pedagogy of Leisure

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Manuel F. Vieites

    2015-12-01

    Full Text Available In the first two decades of the 20th century the career of Percy MacKaye becomes especially relevant. As a brilliant American scholar and playwright, he formulated a plan for the organization of the theatre that aimed at promoting the social, cultural and educational potential of a theatrical praxis based on the active participation of people, linked to community development. In this paper, born of a critical reading of his theoretical work, we show how the educational, cultural and artistic uses of theatrical practice promoting a constructive leisure, have in MacKaye’s essays a precedent on theoretical and practical grounds. His proposals are still relevant considering today’s challenges, among which it stands out the creation of spaces for meeting and interaction where the community may meet, recognize and recreate itself. His essays become even more significant considering old problems such as the «arrangement of the theatres» and the status of theater education, formulated by enlightened thinkers such as Jovellanos or Moratín, which two centuries later still await an appropriate solution. We close the paper with a set of conclusions where specific proposals concerning those old issues are made. How to reference this article Vieites, M. F. (2016. El teatro cívico de Percy MacKaye: un pionero en la animación teatral y la pedagogía del ocio. Espacio, Tiempo y Educación, 3(1, 421-442. doi: http://dx.doi.org/10.14516/ete.2016.003.001.20

  19. Working session 1: Tubing degradation

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Kharshafdjian, G. [Atomic Energy of Canada, Mississauga, Ontario (Canada); Turluer, G. [IPSN, Fontenay-aux-Roses (France)

    1997-02-01

    A general introductory overview of the purpose of the group and the general subject area of SG tubing degradation was given by the facilitator. The purpose of the session was described as to {open_quotes}develop conclusions and proposals on regulatory and technical needs required to deal with the issues of SG tubing degradation.{close_quotes} Types, locations and characteristics of tubing degradation in steam generators were briefly reviewed. The well-known synergistic effects of materials, environment, and stress and strain/strain rate, subsequently referred to by the acronym {open_quotes}MESS{close_quotes} by some of the group members, were noted. The element of time (i.e., evolution of these variables with time) was emphasized. It was also suggested that the group might want to consider the related topics of inspection capabilities, operational variables, degradation remedies, and validity of test data, and some background information in these areas was provided. The presentation given by Peter Millet during the Plenary Session was reviewed; Specifically, the chemical aspects and the degradation from the secondary side of the steam generator were noted. The main issues discussed during the October 1995 EPRI meeting on secondary side corrosion were reported, and a listing of the potential SG tube degradations was provided and discussed.

  20. Performing Desistance: How Might Theories of Desistance From Crime Help Us Understand the Possibilities of Prison Theatre?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Davey, Linda; Day, Andrew; Balfour, Michael

    2015-07-01

    Despite the ubiquity of theatre projects in prisons there has been little (published) discussion of the application of theatre to the theories of criminology or rehabilitation of offenders, and scant examination of the potential for criminological theories to inform theatre practice in criminal justice settings. This article seeks to address this deficit and argues that positioning prison theatre within the discipline of positive criminology, specifically contemporary theories of desistance from crime, provides a theoretical framework for understanding the contribution that prison theatre might be making in the correctional setting. Through a review of related literature, the article explores how prison theatre may be motivating offenders toward the construction of a more adaptive narrative identity and toward the acquisition of capabilities that might usefully assist them in the process of desisting from crime. © The Author(s) 2014.

  1. Can STEEM be used to measure the educational environment within the operating theatre for undergraduate medical students?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Nagraj, Shobhana; Wall, David; Jones, Ellen

    2006-11-01

    The educational environment has been shown to have a great influence on teaching and learning in undergraduate education. The operating theatre can seem an intimidating and frightening environment for medical students. This study used the Surgical Theatre Educational Environmental Measure (STEEM) questionnaire to measure the operating theatre learning environment for 83 final-year medical students at the University of Birmingham. There was a 100% response rate. Data were analysed overall and with regard to gender. The results showed that overall there was an acceptable educational climate within the operating theatre for medical students. Male students viewed the atmosphere in the operating theatre in a less positive light than female students and also perceived more discrimination because of their race than their female counterparts. The STEEM has been shown to be a reliable and practical tool for measuring the operating theatre educational environment in medical students with an overall alpha reliability of 0.86.

  2. Capacity of Wireless Ad Hoc Networks with Opportunistic Collaborative Communications

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Simeone O

    2007-01-01

    Full Text Available Optimal multihop routing in ad hoc networks requires the exchange of control messages at the MAC and network layer in order to set up the (centralized optimization problem. Distributed opportunistic space-time collaboration (OST is a valid alternative that avoids this drawback by enabling opportunistic cooperation with the source at the physical layer. In this paper, the performance of OST is investigated. It is shown analytically that opportunistic collaboration outperforms (centralized optimal multihop in case spatial reuse (i.e., the simultaneous transmission of more than one data stream is not allowed by the transmission protocol. Conversely, in case spatial reuse is possible, the relative performance between the two protocols has to be studied case by case in terms of the corresponding capacity regions, given the topology and the physical parameters of network at hand. Simulation results confirm that opportunistic collaborative communication is a promising paradigm for wireless ad hoc networks that deserves further investigation.

  3. A Simplified Mobile Ad Hoc Network Structure for Helicopter Communication

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Abdeldime Mohamed Salih Abdelgader

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available There are a number of volunteer and statutory organizations who are capable of conducting an emergency response using helicopters. Rescue operations require a rapidly deployable high bandwidth network to coordinate necessary relief efforts between rescue teams on the ground and helicopters. Due to massive destruction and loss of services, ordinary communication infrastructures may collapse in these situations. Consequently, information exchange becomes one of the major challenges in these circumstances. Helicopters can be also employed for providing many services in rugged environments, military applications, and aerial photography. Ad hoc network can be used to provide alternative communication link between a set of helicopters, particularly in case of significant amount of data required to be shared. This paper addresses the ability of using ad hoc networks to support the communication between a set of helicopters. A simplified network structure model is presented and extensively discussed. Furthermore, a streamlined routing algorithm is proposed. Comprehensive simulations are conducted to evaluate the proposed routing algorithm.

  4. Proposal of interference reduction routing for ad-hoc networks

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Katsuhiro Naito

    2010-10-01

    Full Text Available In this paper, we propose an interference reduction routing protocol for ad-hoc networks. The interference is one of the degradation factors in wireless communications. In the ad-hoc network, some nodes communicate simultaneously. Therefore, these communications cause interference each other, and some packets are corrupted due to interference from another node. In the proposed protocol, each node estimates required transmission power according to hello messages. Therefore, the node can transmit a data packet with minimum required transmission power. Consequently, the interference against neighbor nodes can be reduced. From simulation results, we can find that the proposed protocol can reduce the number of control messages and can improve the throughput performance.

  5. Energy management in wireless cellular and ad-hoc networks

    CERN Document Server

    Imran, Muhammad; Qaraqe, Khalid; Alouini, Mohamed-Slim; Vasilakos, Athanasios

    2016-01-01

    This book investigates energy management approaches for energy efficient or energy-centric system design and architecture and presents end-to-end energy management in the recent heterogeneous-type wireless network medium. It also considers energy management in wireless sensor and mesh networks by exploiting energy efficient transmission techniques and protocols. and explores energy management in emerging applications, services and engineering to be facilitated with 5G networks such as WBANs, VANETS and Cognitive networks. A special focus of the book is on the examination of the energy management practices in emerging wireless cellular and ad hoc networks. Considering the broad scope of energy management in wireless cellular and ad hoc networks, this book is organized into six sections covering range of Energy efficient systems and architectures; Energy efficient transmission and techniques; Energy efficient applications and services. .

  6. Optimal channel choice for collaborative ad-hoc dissemination

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Hu, Liang; Boudec, J-Y. L.; Vojnovic, M.

    2010-01-01

    Collaborative ad-hoc dissemination of information has been proposed as an efficient means to disseminate information among devices in a wireless ad-hoc network. Devices help in forwarding the information channels to the entire network, by disseminating the channels they subscribe to, plus others....... We consider the case where devices have a limited amount of storage that they are willing to devote to the public good, and thus have to decide which channels they are willing to help disseminate. We are interested in finding channel selection strategies which optimize the dissemination time across...... the channels. We first consider a simple model under the random mixing assumption; we show that channel dissemination time can be characterized in terms of the number of nodes that forward this channel. Then we show that maximizing a social welfare is equivalent to an assignment problem, whose solution can...

  7. Cognitive radio application for vehicular ad hoc networks (VANETS

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Miladić Suzana D.

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available This paper presents the application of cognitive radio technology in vehicular ad-hoc networks aimed to improve the communications between vehicles themselves as well as between vehicles and roadside infrastructure. Due to dynamic approach of spectrum access, cognitive radio is a technology that enables more efficient usage of radio-frequency spectrum. We review actual approaches and discuss research challenges related to the use of cognitive radio technology in vehicular ad hoc networks with emphasis on architecture, spectrum management as well as QoS optimization. The researching on cognitive radio application in vehicular networks is still developing and there are not many experimental platforms due to their complex setups. Some related research projects and cognitive radio realizations are provided in this paper.

  8. Secure Geographic Routing in Ad Hoc and Wireless Sensor Networks

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Zahariadis Theodore

    2010-01-01

    Full Text Available Security in sensor networks is one of the most relevant research topics in resource constrained wireless devices and networks. Several attacks can be suffered in ad hoc and wireless sensor networks (WSN, which are highly susceptible to attacks, due to the limited resources of the nodes. In this paper, we propose innovative and lightweight localization techniques that allow for intrusion identification and isolation schemes and provide accurate location information. This information is used by our routing protocol which additionally incorporates a distributed trust model to prevent several routing attacks to the network. We finally evaluate our algorithms for accurate localization and for secure routing which have been implemented and tested in real ad hoc and wireless sensor networks.

  9. Interference in wireless ad hoc networks with smart antennas

    KAUST Repository

    Alabdulmohsin, Ibrahim

    2014-08-01

    In this paper, we show that the use of directional antennas in wireless ad hoc networks can actually increase interference due to limitations of virtual carrier sensing. We derive a simple mathematical expression for interference in both physical and virtual carrier sense networks, which reveals counter-intuitively that receivers in large dense networks with directional antennas can experience larger interference than in omnidirectional networks unless the beamwidth is sufficiently small. Validity of mathematical analysis is confirmed using simulations.

  10. Mobile Advertisement in Vehicular Ad-Hoc Networks

    OpenAIRE

    Dobre, Ciprian; Tudor, George Cristian

    2012-01-01

    Mobile Advertisement is a location-aware dissemination solution built on top of a vehicular ad-hoc network. We envision a network of WiFi access points that dynamically disseminate data to clients running on the car's smart device. The approach can be considered an alternative to the static advertisement billboards and can be useful to business companies wanting to dynamically advertise their products and offers to people driving their car. The clients can subscribe to information based on sp...

  11. Power control algorithms for mobile ad hoc networks

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Nuraj L. Pradhan

    2011-07-01

    We will also focus on an adaptive distributed power management (DISPOW algorithm as an example of the multi-parameter optimization approach which manages the transmit power of nodes in a wireless ad hoc network to preserve network connectivity and cooperatively reduce interference. We will show that the algorithm in a distributed manner builds a unique stable network topology tailored to its surrounding node density and propagation environment over random topologies in a dynamic mobile wireless channel.

  12. Towards a Security Architecture for Vehicular Ad Hoc Networks

    OpenAIRE

    Plößl, Klaus; Nowey, Thomas; Mletzko, Christian

    2006-01-01

    Vehicular ad hoc networks (VANETs) have the potential to increase road safety and comfort. Especially because of the road safety functions, there is a strong demand for security in VANETs. After defining three application categories the paper outlines main security and privacy requirements in VANETs. Next, a security architecture for VANETs (SAV) is proposed that strives to satisfy the requirements. To find mechanisms applicable in the architecture a survey of existing mechanisms is given.

  13. Coherent and automatic address resolution for vehicular ad hoc networks

    OpenAIRE

    Urquiza Aguiar, Luis; Tripp Barba, Carolina; Rebollo Monedero, David; Mezher, Ahmad Mohamad; Aguilar Igartua, Mónica; Forné Muñoz, Jorge

    2015-01-01

    The interest in vehicular communications has increased notably. In this paper, the use of the address resolution (AR) procedures is studied for vehicular ad hoc networks (VANETs).We analyse the poor performance of AR transactions in such networks and we present a new proposal called coherent, automatic address resolution (CAAR). Our approach inhibits the use of AR transactions and instead increases the usefulness of routing signalling to automatically match the IP and MAC addresses. Through e...

  14. Demand Based Effective Energy Utilization in Mobile Ad Hoc Networks

    OpenAIRE

    Bhuvaneswari, R.; Viswanathan, M

    2012-01-01

    Mobile Ad Hoc Networks (MANET) are the collection of mobile nodes without any centralized infrastructure. The underlying assumption is that the intermediate nodes cooperate in forwarding packets. Mobile nodes collects the route information through overhearing and stores these information in route caches with the use of Dynamic Source Routing (DSR) Protocol. These nodes consume power unnecessarily due to overhearing the transmissions of their neighbors. Due to this, the network performance is ...

  15. MWAHCA: a multimedia wireless ad hoc cluster architecture.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Diaz, Juan R; Lloret, Jaime; Jimenez, Jose M; Sendra, Sandra

    2014-01-01

    Wireless Ad hoc networks provide a flexible and adaptable infrastructure to transport data over a great variety of environments. Recently, real-time audio and video data transmission has been increased due to the appearance of many multimedia applications. One of the major challenges is to ensure the quality of multimedia streams when they have passed through a wireless ad hoc network. It requires adapting the network architecture to the multimedia QoS requirements. In this paper we propose a new architecture to organize and manage cluster-based ad hoc networks in order to provide multimedia streams. Proposed architecture adapts the network wireless topology in order to improve the quality of audio and video transmissions. In order to achieve this goal, the architecture uses some information such as each node's capacity and the QoS parameters (bandwidth, delay, jitter, and packet loss). The architecture splits the network into clusters which are specialized in specific multimedia traffic. The real system performance study provided at the end of the paper will demonstrate the feasibility of the proposal.

  16. Auto-Configuration Protocols in Mobile Ad Hoc Networks

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Julián García Matesanz

    2011-03-01

    Full Text Available The TCP/IP protocol allows the different nodes in a network to communicate by associating a different IP address to each node. In wired or wireless networks with infrastructure, we have a server or node acting as such which correctly assigns IP addresses, but in mobile ad hoc networks there is no such centralized entity capable of carrying out this function. Therefore, a protocol is needed to perform the network configuration automatically and in a dynamic way, which will use all nodes in the network (or part thereof as if they were servers that manage IP addresses. This article reviews the major proposed auto-configuration protocols for mobile ad hoc networks, with particular emphasis on one of the most recent: D2HCP. This work also includes a comparison of auto-configuration protocols for mobile ad hoc networks by specifying the most relevant metrics, such as a guarantee of uniqueness, overhead, latency, dependency on the routing protocol and uniformity.

  17. Post-hoc selection of dynamic causal models

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rosa, M.J.; Friston, K.; Penny, W.

    2012-01-01

    Dynamic causal modelling (DCM) was originally proposed as a hypothesis driven procedure in which a small number of neurobiologically motivated models are compared. Model comparison in this context usually proceeds by individually fitting each model to data and then approximating the corresponding model evidence with a free energy bound. However, a recent trend has emerged for comparing very large numbers of models in a more exploratory manner. This led Friston and Penny (2011) to propose a post-hoc approximation to the model evidence, which is computed by optimising only the largest (full) model of a set of models. The evidence for any (reduced) submodel is then obtained using a generalisation of the Savage-Dickey density ratio (Dickey, 1971). The benefit of this post-hoc approach is a huge reduction in the computational time required for model fitting. This is because only a single model is fitted to data, allowing a potentially huge model space to be searched relatively quickly. In this paper, we explore the relationship between the free energy bound and post-hoc approximations to the model evidence in the context of deterministic (bilinear) dynamic causal models (DCMs) for functional magnetic resonance imaging data. PMID:22561579

  18. MWAHCA: A Multimedia Wireless Ad Hoc Cluster Architecture

    Science.gov (United States)

    Diaz, Juan R.; Jimenez, Jose M.; Sendra, Sandra

    2014-01-01

    Wireless Ad hoc networks provide a flexible and adaptable infrastructure to transport data over a great variety of environments. Recently, real-time audio and video data transmission has been increased due to the appearance of many multimedia applications. One of the major challenges is to ensure the quality of multimedia streams when they have passed through a wireless ad hoc network. It requires adapting the network architecture to the multimedia QoS requirements. In this paper we propose a new architecture to organize and manage cluster-based ad hoc networks in order to provide multimedia streams. Proposed architecture adapts the network wireless topology in order to improve the quality of audio and video transmissions. In order to achieve this goal, the architecture uses some information such as each node's capacity and the QoS parameters (bandwidth, delay, jitter, and packet loss). The architecture splits the network into clusters which are specialized in specific multimedia traffic. The real system performance study provided at the end of the paper will demonstrate the feasibility of the proposal. PMID:24737996

  19. MWAHCA: A Multimedia Wireless Ad Hoc Cluster Architecture

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Juan R. Diaz

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available Wireless Ad hoc networks provide a flexible and adaptable infrastructure to transport data over a great variety of environments. Recently, real-time audio and video data transmission has been increased due to the appearance of many multimedia applications. One of the major challenges is to ensure the quality of multimedia streams when they have passed through a wireless ad hoc network. It requires adapting the network architecture to the multimedia QoS requirements. In this paper we propose a new architecture to organize and manage cluster-based ad hoc networks in order to provide multimedia streams. Proposed architecture adapts the network wireless topology in order to improve the quality of audio and video transmissions. In order to achieve this goal, the architecture uses some information such as each node’s capacity and the QoS parameters (bandwidth, delay, jitter, and packet loss. The architecture splits the network into clusters which are specialized in specific multimedia traffic. The real system performance study provided at the end of the paper will demonstrate the feasibility of the proposal.

  20. Recent development in wireless sensor and ad-hoc networks

    CERN Document Server

    Li, Xiaolong; Yang, Yeon-Mo

    2015-01-01

    Wireless Sensor Network (WSN) consists of numerous physically distributed autonomous devices used for sensing and monitoring the physical and/or environmental conditions. A WSN uses a gateway that provides wireless connectivity to the wired world as well as distributed networks. There are many open problems related to Ad-Hoc networks and its applications. Looking at the expansion of the cellular infrastructure, Ad-Hoc network may be acting as the basis of the 4th generation wireless technology with the new paradigm of ‘anytime, anywhere communications’. To realize this, the real challenge would be the security, authorization and management issues of the large scale WSNs. This book is an edited volume in the broad area of WSNs. The book covers various chapters like Multi-Channel Wireless Sensor Networks, its Coverage, Connectivity as well as Deployment. It covers comparison of various communication protocols and algorithms such as MANNET, ODMRP and ADMR Protocols for Ad hoc Multicasting, Location Based C...

  1. MAC Protocol for Ad Hoc Networks Using a Genetic Algorithm

    Science.gov (United States)

    Elizarraras, Omar; Panduro, Marco; Méndez, Aldo L.

    2014-01-01

    The problem of obtaining the transmission rate in an ad hoc network consists in adjusting the power of each node to ensure the signal to interference ratio (SIR) and the energy required to transmit from one node to another is obtained at the same time. Therefore, an optimal transmission rate for each node in a medium access control (MAC) protocol based on CSMA-CDMA (carrier sense multiple access-code division multiple access) for ad hoc networks can be obtained using evolutionary optimization. This work proposes a genetic algorithm for the transmission rate election considering a perfect power control, and our proposition achieves improvement of 10% compared with the scheme that handles the handshaking phase to adjust the transmission rate. Furthermore, this paper proposes a genetic algorithm that solves the problem of power combining, interference, data rate, and energy ensuring the signal to interference ratio in an ad hoc network. The result of the proposed genetic algorithm has a better performance (15%) compared to the CSMA-CDMA protocol without optimizing. Therefore, we show by simulation the effectiveness of the proposed protocol in terms of the throughput. PMID:25140339

  2. Auto-Configuration Protocols in Mobile Ad Hoc Networks

    Science.gov (United States)

    Villalba, Luis Javier García; Matesanz, Julián García; Orozco, Ana Lucila Sandoval; Díaz, José Duván Márquez

    2011-01-01

    The TCP/IP protocol allows the different nodes in a network to communicate by associating a different IP address to each node. In wired or wireless networks with infrastructure, we have a server or node acting as such which correctly assigns IP addresses, but in mobile ad hoc networks there is no such centralized entity capable of carrying out this function. Therefore, a protocol is needed to perform the network configuration automatically and in a dynamic way, which will use all nodes in the network (or part thereof) as if they were servers that manage IP addresses. This article reviews the major proposed auto-configuration protocols for mobile ad hoc networks, with particular emphasis on one of the most recent: D2HCP. This work also includes a comparison of auto-configuration protocols for mobile ad hoc networks by specifying the most relevant metrics, such as a guarantee of uniqueness, overhead, latency, dependency on the routing protocol and uniformity. PMID:22163814

  3. Session: Discussion of Research Needs

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    anon.

    2004-09-01

    This final session at the Wind Energy and Birds/Bats workshop was lead by a facilitator who asked participants for their overall reaction to the research that had been presented during the workshop. Questions addressed by workshop participants included: how do you develop trust and confidence in the research, what are some of the specific gaps in our understanding of wind energy's impact on birds and bats; how do we prioritize and proceed with closing the data/research gaps; how do we connect the dots and bring various research and mapping efforts together; given gaps in the data, what are the critical questions we need to answer to make project decisions now; and, how do we track/influence the policies that will shape wind energy development. Conclusions reached regarding these questions are included in summary form.

  4. Working session 2: Tubing inspection

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Guerra, J. [Tecnatom, S.A. San Sebastian de los Reyes, Madrid (Spain); Tapping, R.L. [AECL, Chalk River, Ontario (Canada)

    1997-02-01

    This session was attended by delegates from 10 countries, and four papers were presented. A wide range of issues was tabled for discussion. Realizing that there was limited time available for more detailed discussion, three topics were chosen for the more detailed discussion: circumferential cracking, performance demonstration (to focus on POD and sizing), and limits of methods. Two other subsessions were organized: one dealt with some challenges related to the robustness of current inspection methods, especially with respect to leaving cracked tubes in service, and the other with developing a chart of current NDE technology with recommendations for future development. These three areas are summarized in turn, along with conclusions and/or recommendations. During the discussions there were four presentations. There were two (Canada, Japan) on eddy current probe developments, both of which addressed multiarray probes that would detect a range of flaws, one (Spain) on circumferential crack detection, and one (JRC, Petten) on the recent PISC III results.

  5. Relationships between power and agency: the role of the ‘theatre designer’ in performance-making processes\\ud

    OpenAIRE

    Richmond, Harriet E

    2016-01-01

    In 2013, the Contemporary Theatre Review dedicated an issue to ‘Alphabet: A Lexicon of Theatre and Performance’. The entry for ‘M’, ‘Mise en Scene’, reflects on the invisible creativity of the ‘unseen work that led to the production’s first night’ (Singleton, 2013, p.47). This paper aims to address an absence of theorising about the ways that professional identities and creative practices of theatre designers are shaped by performance-making practices. Theatre design pedagogy has been selecte...

  6. LINK STABILITY WITH ENERGY AWARE AD HOC ON DEMAND MULTIPATH ROUTING PROTOCOL IN MOBILE AD HOC NETWORKS

    OpenAIRE

    Senthil Murugan Tamilarasan; Kannan Eswariah

    2013-01-01

    Mobile Ad Hoc Network is one of the wireless network in which mobile nodes are communicate with each other and have no infrastructure because no access point. The MANET protocols can be classified as proactive and reactive routing protocol. The proactive routing protocols, all nodes which participated in network have routing table. This table updated periodically and is used to find the path between source and destination. The reactive routing protocol, nodes are initiate route discovery proc...

  7. Outcomes after early return to theatre following hip hemiarthroplasty for intracapsular fracture of the femoral neck.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mamarelis, G; Key, S; Snook, J; Aldam, C

    2017-07-01

    Hip hemiarthroplasty is a standard treatment for intracapsular proximal femoral fractures in the frail elderly. In this study we have explored the implications of early return to theatre, within 30 days, on patient outcome following hip hemiarthroplasty. We retrospectively reviewed the hospital records of all hip hemiarthroplasties performed in our unit between January 2010 and January 2015. Demographic details, medical backround, details of the primary procedure, complications, subsequent procedures requiring return to theatre, re-admissions, discharge destination and death were collected. A total of 705 procedures were included; 428 Austin Moore and 277 Exeter Trauma Stems were used. A total of 34 fractures (in 33 patients) required early return to theatre within 30 days. Age, gender, laterality, time from admission to primary procedure, American Society of Anesthesiologists grade, and implant type were similar for those requiring early return to theatre and those who did not. Early return to theatre was associated with a significantly higher length of stay (mean 33.6 days (7 to 107) versus 18.6 days (0 to 152), p theatre, and this is associated with outcomes which may be both medically and economically detrimental. This illustrates the importance of avoiding early complications to improve longer term outcome. Return to theatre within 30 days is associated with longer length of stay, higher re-admission rate, and higher subsequent revision rate. It may be a useful short-term quality indicator for longer term outcome measures following hip hemiarthroplasty for intracapsular fractures of the proximal femur. Cite this article: Bone Joint J 2017;99-B:958-63. ©2017 The British Editorial Society of Bone & Joint Surgery.

  8. Improving theatre efficiency and utilisation through early identification of trauma patients and enhanced communication between teams.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Roberts, Simon; Saithna, Adnan; Bethune, Rob

    2015-01-01

    Surgical departments are increasingly put under pressure to improve services, cut waiting lists, increase efficiency and save money. At a district general hospital in the west-midlands we approached the challenge of improving efficiency and optimising the services available in our orthopaedic theatres. Data was collected on: anaesthetic start times, operation start and finish times, and reasons for delay in our trauma theatre over a period from October 2014 to January 2015. During this period a change was implemented to improve the start time of the first operation of each day in the trauma theatre. Through adaptation of a method developed by Javed S et al, a patient was pre-selected by the on-call team and given the name the "golden patient" the day before they were due to be operated upon. This nominated patient would then be fixed at the start of the trauma theatre list the following day. The list would only then change if a "life or limb threatening" case was admitted overnight. The on-call team would prioritise that this patient was optimised for theatre and the theatre staff would ensure the surgical instruments were prepared. A PDSA cycle method was used, collecting data on 80 orthopaedic trauma cases during the period, and demonstrated a 59 minute (95% CI 45-72) improvement in start times from 10:49 AM to 9:50 AM with a p-value of 0.00024 with the intervention of early allocation of the first patient on the trauma list. A relatively simple intervention tool designed to improve communication within and between health-care teams can have a significant impact on the efficiency of a complex environment such as a trauma theatre.

  9. LRN, ERN:, & BERN @ Wireless Integrating the Sciences (WITS) Theatre

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hilliard, L.; Campbell, B.; Foody, M.; Klitsner, D.

    2010-01-01

    In order to develop a call to action for a learning tool that would work to best teach Science Technology Engineering and Math (STEM), the NASA Goddard team will partner with the inventor of Bop It!, an interactive game of verbs and following instructions; and Global Imagination, the developers of Magic Planet. In this paper Decision-making Orbital Health! (DOH!) will be described as a game derived from the basic functions necessary for Bop lt!, a familiar game. that will ask the educational audience to respond to changing commands to Bop It!, Twist It!, and Squeeze It! The success of the new version of the game, will be that the Earth will be making these commands from Dynamic Planet, and the crowd assembled can play wirelessly. Wireless Integrating The Sciences (WITS) Theatre : A balanced approach will describe how the communities local to Goddard and perhaps San Francisco will develop curriculum that helps kids teach kids with an engaging game and a STEM message. The performing arts will be employed to make it entertaining and appropriate to the size of the gathering, and the students educational level.

  10. Art and theatre for health in rural Cambodia.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Nguon, Chea; Dysoley, Lek; Davoeung, Chan; Sovann, Yok; Sanann, Nou; Sareth, Ma; Kunthea, Pich; Vuth, San; Sovann, Kem; Kol, Kayna; Heng, Chhouen; Sary, Rouen; Peto, Thomas J; Tripura, Rupam; Lim, Renly; Cheah, Phaik Yeong

    2018-01-01

    This article describes our experience using art and theatre to engage rural communities in western Cambodia to understand malaria and support malaria control and elimination. The project was a pilot science-arts initiative to supplement existing engagement activities conducted by local authorities. In 2016, the project was conducted in 20 villages, involved 300 community members and was attended by more than 8000 people. Key health messages were to use insecticide-treated bed-nets and repellents, febrile people should attend village malaria workers, and to raise awareness about the risk of forest-acquired malaria. Building on the experience and lessons learnt in the year prior, the 2017 project which was conducted in 15 villages involved 600 community members and attracted more than 12,000 people. In addition to the malaria theme, upon discussion with local health authorities, secondary theme (infant vaccination) was added to the 2017 project. We learnt the following lessons from our experience in Cambodia: involving local people including children from the beginning of the project and throughout the process is important; messages should be kept simple; it is necessary to take into consideration practical issues such as location and timing of the activities; and that the project should offer something unique to communities.

  11. Brunch and debate on theatre and quantum physics

    CERN Multimedia

    HR Department

    2009-01-01

    The "Comédie de Genève" theatre is organizing a brunch on Sunday 18 January to accompany the play "Kaïros, sisyphes et zombies" which is playing from 15 to 25 January. Michel Cassé, astrophysicist and Director of Research at the Commissariat à l’Energie Atomique (CEA) in Paris, will come to debate with the play’s director, Oskar Gómez Mata, and the entire Kaïros team on the topic of "Théâtre – physique quantique: enquête sur le réel". While the parents take part in the "debate-brunch", the children can have fun with activities organized by "la Bulle d’Air" musical association. Sunday 18 January The brunch starts at 11:30 followed by the debate at 12:30, "la Bulle d’Air" activities will run from 12:30 to 14:00. La Comédie de Genève, 6 bd des Philosophes, 1205 Geneva Entry with brunch: 18 CHF (15 CHF for members). Entry without brunch: 10 CHF Animation for the children: free.

  12. Atom Surprise: Using Theatre in Primary Science Education

    Science.gov (United States)

    Peleg, Ran; Baram-Tsabari, Ayelet

    2011-10-01

    Early exposure to science may have a lifelong effect on children's attitudes towards science and their motivation to learn science in later life. Out-of-class environments can play a significant role in creating favourable attitudes, while contributing to conceptual learning. Educational science theatre is one form of an out-of-class environment, which has received little research attention. This study aims to describe affective and cognitive learning outcomes of watching such a play and to point to connections between theatrical elements and specific outcomes. "Atom Surprise" is a play portraying several concepts on the topic of matter. A mixed methods approach was adopted to investigate the knowledge and attitudes of children (grades 1-6) from two different school settings who watched the play. Data were gathered using questionnaires and in-depth interviews. Analysis suggested that in both schools children's knowledge on the topic of matter increased after the play with younger children gaining more conceptual knowledge than their older peers. In the public school girls showed greater gains in conceptual knowledge than boys. No significant changes in students' general attitudes towards science were found, however, students demonstrated positive changes towards science learning. Theatrical elements that seemed to be important in children's recollection of the play were the narrative, props and stage effects, and characters. In the children's memory, science was intertwined with the theatrical elements. Nonetheless, children could distinguish well between scientific facts and the fictive narrative.

  13. [Role of the music in the operating theatre].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sármány, Judit; Kálmán, Réka; Staud, Dóra; Salacz, György

    2006-05-21

    To investigate the effect of music on patients, surgeons and staff in the operating theatre at our Ophthalmology department in Mária street Clinic. I. 150 patients, 7 staff and 19 surgeons have been asked to fill out a questionnaire. II. 29 patients who were listening music during surgery and as control group 27 patients having surgery without music therapy filled out a different questionnaire dealing with their preference on different kinds of music. In order to obtain more complete results, psychophysiology tests (STAI H test, Face-scale), blood pressure and pulse rate were measured, as well. Almost all the patients, and every surgeon and staff member like music. Music does not disturb the staff during their work, but does not help in their concentration. The majority of them considered music useful in the recovery of their patients. According to the answers most of the patients think that music has beneficial effect on their treatment compared to those patients who did not hear music. Subjective answers show a mild anxiety during surgery, that is supported with the data of the psychophysiological test results. Results so far demonstrate that the use of music therapy at our department during ophthalmic surgery is beneficial. Further examinations are necessary to measure the objective effect of music during surgery.

  14. TOWARD A MINOR THEATRE: MYRIAM BEN’S ALGERIAN ANTIGONE

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Kelley, Caroline

    2011-07-01

    Full Text Available In this paper, I read Myriam Ben’s Leïla, poème scénique en deux actes et un prologueas a reinterpretation of Sophocles’ Antigone. I contend that this blend of Algerian theatre, history and Greek tragedy yields a variety of ‘minor theatre’ that sets out to undermine established dramaturgical structures and prevailing historical narratives about the Algerian Revolution (1954-1962. Working in the outline of a canonical work, the playwright decentres the classic tragedyby way of a thought-provoking technical adaptation while, at the same time, refuting the fictions shrouding the events of the liberation struggle, the Front de Libération Nationale (FLN and, especially, the military overthrow of President Ahmed Ben Bella by his Defence Minister Houari Boumediene in 1965. Despite the specificity of its context, however, the allegorical nature of the play allows for a sense of universality. While its milieu is undoubtedly post-revolution Algeria, the story it communicates might take place in any country past or present –dictatorships not being limited to North Africa.

  15. The theatre, (art and science: between amazement and applause!

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Salvatore Fruguglietti

    2009-06-01

    Full Text Available There have been countless innovations in the realm of science museology after the foundation of the Exploratorium of San Francisco and of the Ontario Science Center of Toronto with, among other things, the introduction of the exhibits hands-on, the use of new technologies and the arrival of virtuality.But most of all a new dialogue was launched, also as a form of transformation of reality. And what is drama but fiction and transformation of reality?This statement is the basis for the belief that museums and the theatre should continue, if not even start, a path to move closer, so as to make their languages work at the service of each other.A dialogical interaction which is difficult (as both languages and their interpreters crave for superiority, strong (the place for communication becomes multi-channel, but necessary (in view of a systemic approach of science communication.It is necessary especially to build an all-encompassing museum to fully play a sociological role of study, interpretation and determination of human society.

  16. Synchrony in Dyadic Psychotherapy Sessions

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ramseyer, Fabian; Tschacher, Wolfgang

    Synchrony is a multi-faceted concept used in diverse domains such as physics, biology, and the social sciences. This chapter reviews some of the evidence of nonverbal synchrony in human communication, with a main focus on the role of synchrony in the psychotherapeutic setting. Nonverbal synchrony describes coordinated behavior of patient and therapist. Its association with empathy, rapport and the therapeutic relationship has been pointed out repeatedly, yet close evaluation of empirical studies suggests that the evidence remains inconclusive. Particularly in naturalistic studies, research with quantitative measures of synchrony is still lacking. We introduce a new empirical approach for the study of synchrony in psychotherapies under field conditions: Motion Energy Analysis (MEA). This is a video-based algorithm that quantifies the amount of movement in freely definable regions of interest. Our statistical analysis detects synchrony on a global level, irrespective of the specific body parts moving. Synchrony thus defined can be considered as a general measure of movement coordination between interacting individuals. Data from a sequence of N = 21 therapy sessions taken from one psychotherapy dyad shows a high positive relationship between synchrony and the therapeutic bond. Nonverbal synchrony can thus be considered a promising concept for research on the therapeutic alliance. Further areas of application are discussed.

  17. Roles of frequency, attitudes, and multiple intelligence modality surrounding Electricity Content-Based Reader's Theatre

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hosier, Julie Winchester

    Integration of subjects is something elementary teachers must do to insure required objectives are covered. Science-based Reader's Theatre is one way to weave reading into science. This study examined the roles of frequency, attitudes, and Multiple Intelligence modalities surrounding Electricity Content-Based Reader's Theatre. This study used quasi-experimental, repeated measures ANOVA with time as a factor design. A convenience sample of two fifth-grade classrooms participated in the study for eighteen weeks. Five Electricity Achievement Tests were given throughout the study to assess students' growth. A Student Reader's Theatre Attitudinal Survey revealed students' attitudes before and after Electricity Content-Based Reader's Theatre treatment. The Multiple Intelligence Inventory for Kids (Faris, 2007) examined whether Multiple Intelligence modality played a role in achievement on Electricity Test 4, the post-treatment test. Analysis using repeated measures ANOVA and an independent t-test found that students in the experimental group, which practiced its student-created Electricity Content-Based Reader's Theatre skits ten times versus two times for the for control group, did significantly better on Electricity Achievement Test 4, t(76) = 3.018, p = 0.003. Dependent t-tests did not find statistically significant differences between students' attitudes about Electricity Content-Based Reader's Theatre before and after treatment. A Kruskal-Wallis test found no statistically significant difference between the various Multiple Intelligence modalities score mean ranks (x2 = 5.57, df = 2, alpha = .062). Qualitative data do, however, indicate students had strong positive feelings about Electricity Content-Based Reader's Theatre after treatment. Students indicated it to be motivating, confidence-building, and a fun way to learn about science; however, they disliked writing their own scripts. Examining the frequency, attitudes, and Multiple Intelligence modalities lead to

  18. Power Dynamics in Applied Theatre: Interrogating the Power of the University-Based TfD Facilitator--the UZ Theatre and CARE Zimbabwe's Zvishavane/Mberengwa NICA Project and SSFP as Case Study

    Science.gov (United States)

    Seda, Owen; Chivandikwa, Nehemiah

    2014-01-01

    One of the central tenets in applied theatre is the ability to confront issues of "power" and "powerlessness." Indeed, success or lack thereof in applied theatre projects is often adjudged against the ability or the extent to which these projects are, or have been able to "empower" the "powerless." In this…

  19. Multidisciplinary team simulation for the operating theatre: a review of the literature.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Tan, Shaw Boon; Pena, Guilherme; Altree, Meryl; Maddern, Guy J

    2014-01-01

    Analyses of adverse events inside the operating theatre has demonstrated that many errors are caused by failure in non-technical skills and teamwork. While simulation has been used successfully for teaching and improving technical skills, more recently, multidisciplinary simulation has been used for training team skills. We hypothesized that this type of training is feasible and improves team skills in the operating theatre. A systematic search of the literature for studies describing true multidisciplinary operating theatre team simulation was conducted in November and December 2012. We looked at the characteristics and outcomes of the team simulation programmes. 1636 articles were initially retrieved. Utilizing a stepwise evaluation process, 26 articles were included in the review. The studies reveal that multidisciplinary operating theatre simulation has been used to provide training in technical and non-technical skills, to help implement new techniques and technologies, and to identify latent weaknesses within a health system. Most of the studies included are descriptions of training programmes with a low level of evidence. No randomized control trial was identified. Participants' reactions to the training programme were positive in all studies; however, none of them could objectively demonstrate that skills acquired from simulation are transferred to the operating theatre or show a demonstrable benefit in patient outcomes. Multidisciplinary operating room team simulation is feasible and widely accepted by participants. More studies are required to assess the impact of this type of training on operative performance and patient safety. © 2013 Royal Australasian College of Surgeons.

  20. Bacterial contamination of surgical scrub suits worn outside the operating theatre: a randomised crossover study.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hee, H I; Lee, S; Chia, S N; Lu, Q S; Liew, A P Q; Ng, A

    2014-08-01

    In this study, we aimed to evaluate the bacterial contamination of surgical scrub suits worn outside the operating theatre. We randomised 16 anaesthetists on separate occasions into one of 3 groups: restricted to the operating theatre only; theatre and surgical wards; and theatre and departmental office. For each group, sample fabric pieces attached to the chest, waist and hip areas of each suit were removed at 150 min intervals between 08:30 and 16:00 on the day of study, and sent for microbiological assessment. Mean bacterial counts increased significantly over the course of the working day (p = 0.036), and were lower in the chest compared to the hip (p = 0.007) and waist areas (p = 0.016). The mean (SD) bacterial counts, expressed as colony-forming units per cm(2) at 16:00 on the day of study, were 25.2 (43.5) for those restricted to theatre and 18.5 (25.9) and 17.9 (31.0) for those allowed out to visit the ward and office, respectively (p = 0.370). We conclude that visits to ward and office did not significantly increase bacterial contamination of scrub suits. © 2014 The Association of Anaesthetists of Great Britain and Ireland.

  1. Making the invisible visible--operating theatre nurses' perceptions of caring in perioperative practice.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Blomberg, Ann-Catrin; Bisholt, Birgitta; Nilsson, Jan; Lindwall, Lillemor

    2015-06-01

    The aim of this study was to describe operating theatre nurses' (OTNs') perceptions of caring in perioperative practice. A qualitative descriptive design was performed. Data were collected with interviews were carried out with fifteen strategically selected operating theatre nurses from different operating theatres in the middle of Sweden. A phenomenographic analysis was used to analyse the interviews. The findings show that operating theatre nurses' perceptions of caring in perioperative practice can be summarised in one main category: To follow the patient all the way. Two descriptive categories emerged: To ensure continuity of patient care and keeping a watchful eye. The operating theatre nurses got to know the patient and as a result became responsible for the patient. They protected the patient's body and preserved patient dignity in perioperative practice. The findings show different aspects of caring in perioperative practice. OTNs wanted to be more involved in patient care and follow the patient throughout the perioperative nursing process. Although OTNs have the ambition to make the care in perioperative practice visible, there is today a medical technical approach which promotes OTNs continuing to offer care in secret. © 2014 Nordic College of Caring Science.

  2. Clinic based biopsy vs. theatre biopsy of bone and soft tissue extremity tumours: comparable diagnostic modalities.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ahmed, Waseem; Umer, Masood; Mohib, Yasir; Rashid, Rizwan Haroon

    2015-11-01

    To compare the diagnostic accuracy of clinic-based biopsy versus theatre biopsy against final histopathology in patients presenting with extremity tumours. The retrospective study was conducted at Aga Khan University Hospital, Karachi, and comprised record of patients who underwent biopsy procedure of extremity tumours from January 2008 to December 2011. Data regarding socio-demographic status, disease-related and procedure-related variables were collected from the files. Histopathology report of biopsy was compared with the final histopathology after definite procedure of the tumour for concordance. Of the 87 patients whose records were reviewed, 42(48%) had undergone biopsy in theatre and 45(52%) in clinic. The overall median age was 29 years (Inter-quartile range: 18-58 years). As compared to final histopathology after the definite procedure, diagnostic accuracy of theatre and clinic-based biopsy was 97.7% vs. 95.5% respectively. Surgical site infection was observed in 2(5%) in theatre and in 1(2.2%) in clinic. Clinic-based biopsy was accurate and safe with diagnostic accuracy comparable to theatre-based biopsy. Clinic-based biopsy, being cost-efficient along with low morbidity, should be preferred in patients with extremity tumours.

  3. The practice of the “ Theatre of the oppressed” from an ethnological perspective. A dialogue.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Arun Frontino

    2015-07-01

    Full Text Available During a Theatre of the Oppressed Seminar the Kuringa explained: “I look at reality, take a step back and create a reality with understanding. I observe, I analyse, I create an Image of the Reality to go back to discuss about Reality”. (Field notes Could we put in relation the creation process of theatre with ethnographic research? What could come out? There are many intersections as interesting critique points which can be relevant for both. My understanding of ethnographic research, political and collaborative, brought me to the following methodological questionings. I observed theatre practice participating at the activities of a theatre group for six months. I presented my analysis and interpretation to the participants and I did interviews to deepen specific themes. The inputs collected are not objective ones and the results does not aim to be definitive but to reflect on questions of contemporary social science. We move and observe the space on the not clearly definable borders between arts, science and politics. My point of view is that this perspective from “inside” the borders makes the discussion interesting. To me as a scholar the re-thinking of the methodology of anthropological research appears as a must. The goal is to contribute to discussion about collaborative ethnography. The dialogue between theatre of the Oppressed and ethnography is interesting and needs to be explored further and the concept “dialogue” needs specific critical attention.

  4. Is 'starting on time' useful (or useless) as a surrogate measure for 'surgical theatre efficiency'?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Pandit, J J; Abbott, T; Pandit, M; Kapila, A; Abraham, R

    2012-08-01

    We analysed more than 7000 theatre lists from two similar UK hospitals, to assess whether start times and finish times were correlated. We also analysed gap times (the time between patients when no anaesthesia or surgery occurs), to see whether these affected theatre efficiency. Operating list start and finish times were poorly correlated at both hospitals (r(2) = 0.077 and 0.043), and cancellation rates did not increase with late starts (remaining within 2% and 10% respectively at the two hospitals). Start time did not predict finish time (receiver operating curve areas 0.517 and 0.558, respectively), and did not influence theatre efficiency (~80-84% at either hospital). Median gap times constituted just 7% of scheduled list time and did not influence theatre efficiency below cumulative gap times of less than 15% scheduled list time. Lists with no gaps still exhibited extremely variable finish times and efficiency. We conclude that resources expended in trying to achieve prompt start times in isolation, or in reducing gap times to under ~15% of scheduled list time, will not improve theatre productivity. Instead, the primary focus should be towards quantitative improvements in list scheduling. Anaesthesia © 2012 The Association of Anaesthetists of Great Britain and Ireland.

  5. Theatre: a software tool for detailed comparative analysis and visualization of genomic sequence

    Science.gov (United States)

    Edwards, Yvonne J. K.; Carver, Tim J.; Vavouri, Tanya; Frith, Martin; Bishop, Martin J.; Elgar, Greg

    2003-01-01

    Theatre is a web-based computing system designed for the comparative analysis of genomic sequences, especially with respect to motifs likely to be involved in the regulation of gene expression. Theatre is an interface to commonly used sequence analysis tools and biological sequence databases to determine or predict the positions of coding regions, repetitive sequences and transcription factor binding sites in families of DNA sequences. The information is displayed in a manner that can be easily understood and can reveal patterns that might not otherwise have been noticed. In addition to web-based output, Theatre can produce publication quality colour hardcopies showing predicted features in aligned genomic sequences. A case study using the p53 promoter region of four mammalian species and two fish species is described. Unlike the mammalian sequences the promoter regions in fish have not been previously predicted or characterized and we report the differences in the p53 promoter region of four mammals and that predicted for two fish species. Theatre can be accessed at http://www.hgmp.mrc.ac.uk/Registered/Webapp/theatre/. PMID:12824356

  6. Five-year microbiological monitoring of wards and operating theatres in southern Italy.

    Science.gov (United States)

    La Fauci, V; Genovese, C; Facciolà, A; Palamara, M A R; Squeri, R

    2017-06-01

    Nosocomial infections are one of the greatest problems in public health. Several studies have highlighted the role played by the hospital environment as a possible source of transmission of nosocomial pathogens. A five-year monitoring of bacterial contamination on healthcare workers hands, surfaces most closely in contact with inpatient wards, operating theatres and "at rest" and "in use" operating theatre air samples. For the samples, we used sterile swabs, contact slides, manual API, and automated VITEK systems for identification. In the five-year period, a total of 9396 samples were collected and analysed. In ward patients, 4398 samplings were carried out with 4.7%, 9.4%, 7%, 10.8% and 7.9% positive results respectively from 2010 to 2014. For hands, 648 samplings were carried out, with a positivity of 40.74%. In operating theatres, 4188 samples were taken, with a positivity of 11.9%. Regarding air in empty and full theatres, 1962 samplings were carried out with a positivity rate equal to 31.9%. The monitoring showed a low rate of contamination with a progressive decrease in the fiveyear period on operating theatres surfaces and hands, while there was an increase in the surgical site wards and in the air of operating rooms. Our investigation has revealed the presence of pathogens on the assessed surfaces and the need for environmental monitoring, which can be a valuable tool for reducing contamination.

  7. Distributed optimization of a multisubchannel Ad Hoc cognitive radio network

    KAUST Repository

    Leith, Alex

    2012-05-01

    In this paper, we study the distributed-duality-based optimization of a multisubchannel ad hoc cognitive radio network (CRN) that coexists with a multicell primary radio network (PRN). For radio resource allocation in multiuser orthogonal frequency-division multiplexing (MU-OFDM) systems, the orthogonal-access-based exclusive subchannel assignment (ESA) technique has been a popular method, but it is suboptimal in ad hoc networks, because nonorthogonal access between multiple secondary-user links by using shared subchannel assignment (SSA) can bring a higher weighted sum rate. We utilize the Lagrangian dual composition tool and design low-complexity near-optimal SSA resource allocation methods, assuming practical discrete-rate modulation and that the CRN-to-PRN interference constraint has to strictly be satisfied. However, available SSA methods for CRNs are either suboptimal or involve high complexity and suffer from slow convergence. To address this problem, we design fast-convergence SSA duality schemes and introduce several novel methods to increase the speed of convergence and to satisfy various system constraints with low complexity. For practical implementation in ad hoc CRNs, we design distributed-duality schemes that involve only a small number of CRN local information exchanges for dual update. The effects of many system parameters are presented through simulation results, which show that the near-optimal SSA duality scheme can perform significantly better than the suboptimal ESA duality and SSA-iterative waterfilling schemes and that the performance loss of the distributed schemes is small, compared with their centralized counterparts. © 2012 IEEE.

  8. A Novel MAC Protocol for QoS in Ad Hoc Wireless Networks

    Science.gov (United States)

    Takahashi, Kiyoshi; Terasawa, Takuya; Tsuboi, Toshinori

    We propose a medium access control (MAC) protocol for real-time applications in one-hop ad-hoc wireless networks. It is a distributed mechanism that takes account of priority and has a bounded packet delay. Nodes use energy signals to contend for the right to access the channel. Nodes, which have a packet to transmit, send energy signals or listen to the channel based on their binary frame. The node that has sent energy signals and has not heard any energy signals wins the right to access the channel. We use two schemes to determine the binary frame: at the beginning of a session, a node determines it based on its priority level and a random number; after successful transmission, based on a count of successful packet transmissions. With the first scheme, in order to reduce contention losses, the nodes that had won the right to access the channel but failed in transmission have priority over the other nodes. With the second scheme, the node that has the largest count, the one that has been waiting the longest, can send a packet without risking collision. The protocol provides higher probability of successful transmission and a limit on maximum packet delay. An analysis of the protocol provides conditions for the protocol to be stable. We evaluate the performance of the proposed protocol using simulations of a network with a mixed population of data and real-time nodes, whose source is constant bit rate (CBR) and a two state Markov on/off process.

  9. Studies on urban vehicular ad-hoc networks

    CERN Document Server

    Zhu, Hongzi

    2013-01-01

    With the advancement of wireless technology, vehicular ad hoc networks (VANETs) are emerging as a promising approach to realizing 'smart cities' and addressing many important transportation problems such as road safety, efficiency, and convenience.This brief provides an introduction to the large trace data set collected from thousands of taxis and buses in Shanghai, the largest metropolis in China. It also presents the challenges, design issues, performance modeling and evaluation of a wide spectrum of VANET research topics, ranging from realistic vehicular mobility models and opportunistic ro

  10. Wireless ad hoc and sensor networks management, performance, and applications

    CERN Document Server

    He, Jing

    2013-01-01

    Although wireless sensor networks (WSNs) have been employed across a wide range of applications, there are very few books that emphasize the algorithm description, performance analysis, and applications of network management techniques in WSNs. Filling this need, Wireless Ad Hoc and Sensor Networks: Management, Performance, and Applications summarizes not only traditional and classical network management techniques, but also state-of-the-art techniques in this area. The articles presented are expository, but scholarly in nature, including the appropriate history background, a review of current

  11. Ad-Hoc vs. Standardized and Optimized Arthropod Diversity Sampling

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Pedro Cardoso

    2009-09-01

    Full Text Available The use of standardized and optimized protocols has been recently advocated for different arthropod taxa instead of ad-hoc sampling or sampling with protocols defined on a case-by-case basis. We present a comparison of both sampling approaches applied for spiders in a natural area of Portugal. Tests were made to their efficiency, over-collection of common species, singletons proportions, species abundance distributions, average specimen size, average taxonomic distinctness and behavior of richness estimators. The standardized protocol revealed three main advantages: (1 higher efficiency; (2 more reliable estimations of true richness; and (3 meaningful comparisons between undersampled areas.

  12. Ad Hoc Selection of Voice over Internet Streams

    Science.gov (United States)

    Macha, Mitchell G. (Inventor); Bullock, John T. (Inventor)

    2014-01-01

    A method and apparatus for a communication system technique involving ad hoc selection of at least two audio streams is provided. Each of the at least two audio streams is a packetized version of an audio source. A data connection exists between a server and a client where a transport protocol actively propagates the at least two audio streams from the server to the client. Furthermore, software instructions executable on the client indicate a presence of the at least two audio streams, allow selection of at least one of the at least two audio streams, and direct the selected at least one of the at least two audio streams for audio playback.

  13. Connectivity analysis of one-dimensional ad-hoc networks

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Hansen, Martin Bøgsted; Rasmussen, Jakob Gulddahl; Schwefel, Hans-Peter

    Applications and communication protocols in dynamic ad-hoc networks are exposed to physical limitations imposed by the connectivity relations that result from mobility. Motivated by vehicular freeway scenarios, this paper analyzes a number of important connectivity metrics for instantaneous...... snapshots of stochastic geographic movement patterns under the assumption of a fixed radio range for each node: (1) The node degree, corresponding to the number of single-hop neighbors of a mobile node; (2) The connectivity number, expressing the number of nodes reachable via multi-hop paths of arbitrary...

  14. Enhanced Broadcasting and Code Assignment in Mobile Ad Hoc Networks

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jinfang Zhang

    2008-08-01

    Full Text Available A CDMA-based mobile Ad Hoc networks face two main design challenges. One is to periodically update connectivity information, namely, neighboring nodes and the codes used by neighboring nodes. The other is to guarantee that there is no code collision in two hops' distance. This paper proposes an enhanced time-spread broadcasting schedule for connectivity information update. Based on the connectivity information, a code assignment and potential code collision resolution scheme to solve hidden/exposed nodes problem is proposed. Simulation results demonstrate the efficiency and effectiveness of the proposed schemes.

  15. Challenges of evidence acquisition in wireless ad-hoc networks

    CSIR Research Space (South Africa)

    Mutanga, MB

    2010-05-01

    Full Text Available , there are various security threats to wireless ad-hoc networks. Examples of such attacks include denial of service (DoS), impersonation, eavesdropping and attacks against routing protocols. Routing protocol attacks include wormhole attacks [10], Rushing attacks... Page 7 of 8 [9] B. J. Nikkel, ‘”Improving evidence acquisition from live network sources”, Digital Investigation Volume 3, Issue 2, June 2006, Pages 89-96 [10] Y. Hu, A. Perrig and D. Johnson, “Packet Leashes: A Defense against Wormhole Attacks...

  16. Mobile ad hoc networking the cutting edge directions

    CERN Document Server

    Basagni, Stefano; Giordano, Silvia; Stojmenovic, Ivan

    2013-01-01

    ""An excellent book for those who are interested in learning the current status of research and development . . . [and] who want to get a comprehensive overview of the current state-of-the-art.""-E-Streams This book provides up-to-date information on research and development in the rapidly growing area of networks based on the multihop ad hoc networking paradigm. It reviews all classes of networks that have successfully adopted this paradigm, pointing out how they penetrated the mass market and sparked breakthrough research. Covering both physical issues and applica

  17. Use of briefings and debriefings as a tool in improving team work, efficiency, and communication in the operating theatre.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bethune, Robert; Sasirekha, Govindarajulu; Sahu, Ajay; Cawthorn, Simon; Pullyblank, Anne

    2011-05-01

    Team work, communication, and efficiency in the operating theatre are widely recognised to be suboptimal. Poor communication is the single biggest cause of medical error. The surgical operating theatre is a potentially highly stressed environment where poor communication can lead to fatal errors. The objectives of this study were to assess the effects briefings and debriefings had on theatre start time, list lengths, and the staff's impression of these meetings. Briefings and debriefings were conducted before the start of theatre lists over a 6 month period in 2007 in a district general hospital in north Bristol, UK. Both quantitative and qualitative data were collected. Using the hospital theatre database, theatre start and finish time was found and list length calculated. A questionnaire was devised and used to assess staff attitude to the briefings and debriefings. Staff felt that the briefings highlighted potential problems, improved the team culture, and led to organisational change. Theatre start times tended to be earlier and lists lengths were shorter when briefings were conducted, although this only reached statistical significance on one type of list. Briefings and debriefings had a positive impact on teamwork and communication. The lists ran more efficiently and briefings did not delay the theatre start times-in fact, the lists tended to start earlier.

  18. Popular Theatre for Science Engagement: Audience Engagement with Human Cloning Following a Production of Caryl Churchill's "A Number"

    Science.gov (United States)

    Donkers, Martina; Orthia, Lindy A.

    2016-01-01

    Research into the role of fiction in engaging people with science is a growing area, but a little studied medium in this respect is "popular theatre," or non-pedagogic theatre that exists primarily as a work of art. This study investigated audience engagement with human cloning issues after seeing a performance of Caryl Churchill's 2002…

  19. Locating Scenography in Theatre for Development Projects at the University of Zimbabwe: The Case of "Safe Cities" Project

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sibanda, Nkululeko; Gwaba, Privilledge Tatenda

    2017-01-01

    Scenography has long been embedded in every performance. However, within the applied theatre performance culture, scenography has been relegated to the periphery in place of auditory aesthetics and efficacy. This paper argues that scenography is the glue that sticks together performative aspects of community theatre projects as well as providing a…

  20. The School Theatre as a Place of Cultural Learning: The Case of Soviet Latvia (1960s-1980s)

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kestere, Iveta

    2017-01-01

    The goal of this article is to reveal how through school theatre activities under authoritarian rule, changes took place in pupil knowledge, skills, attitudes, and behaviour regarding culture, namely, how the process of cultural learning occurs. I use a historical case study, specifically the case of the Valmiera School Theatre, which was the…