WorldWideScience

Sample records for ho dy tb

  1. Spin structure and magnetic frustration in multiferroic RMn2O5 (R=Tb,Ho,Dy)

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Blake, G.R.; Chapon, L.C.; Radaelli, P.G.; Park, S.; Hur, N.; Cheong, S-W.; Rodríguez-Carvajal, J.

    2005-01-01

    We have studied the crystal and magnetic structures of the magnetoelectric materials RMn2O5 (R=Tb,Ho,Dy) using neutron diffraction as a function of temperature. All three materials display incommensurate antiferromagnetic ordering below 40 K, becoming commensurate on further cooling. For R=Tb,Ho, a

  2. Complex magnetism of Ho-Dy-Y-Gd-Tb hexagonal high-entropy alloy

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lužnik, J.; Koželj, P.; Vrtnik, S.; Jelen, A.; Jagličić, Z.; Meden, A.; Feuerbacher, M.; Dolinšek, J.

    2015-12-01

    Rare earth based equimolar Ho-Dy-Y-Gd-Tb hexagonal high-entropy alloy (HEA) is a prototype of an ideal HEA, stabilized by the entropy of mixing at any temperature with random mixing of elements on the hexagonal close-packed lattice. In order to determine intrinsic properties of an ideal HEA characterized by the enormous chemical (substitutional) disorder on a weakly distorted simple lattice, we have performed measurements of its magnetic and electrical response and the specific heat. The results show that the Ho-Dy-Y-Gd-Tb hexagonal HEA exhibits a rich and complex magnetic field-temperature (H ,T ) phase diagram, as a result of competition among the periodic potential arising from the electronic band structure that favors periodic magnetic ordering, the disorder-induced local random potential that favors spin glass-type spin freezing in random directions, the Zeeman interaction with the external field that favors spin alignment along the field direction, and the thermal agitation that opposes any spin ordering. Three characteristic temperature regions were identified in the (H ,T ) phase diagram between room temperature and 2 K. Within the upper temperature region I (roughly between 300 and 75 K), thermal fluctuations average out the effect of local random pinning potential and the spin system behaves as a pure system of compositionally averaged spins, undergoing a thermodynamic phase transition to a long-range ordered helical antiferromagnetic state at the Néel temperature TN=180 K that is a compositional average of the Néel temperatures of pure Tb, Dy, and Ho metals. Region II (between 75 and 20 K) is an intermediate region where the long-range periodic spin order "melts" and the random ordering of spins in the local random potential starts to prevail. Within the low-temperature region III (below 20 K), the spins gradually freeze in a spin glass configuration. The spin glass phase appears to be specific to the rare earths containing hexagonal HEAs, sharing

  3. The normal and inverse magnetocaloric effect in RCu{sub 2} (R=Tb, Dy, Ho, Er) compounds

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Zheng, X.Q., E-mail: zhengxq@ustb.edu.cn [School of Materials Science and Engineering, University of Science and Technology Beijing, Beijing 100083 (China); Xu, Z.Y. [National Institute of Metrology, Beijing 100029 (China); Zhang, B.; Hu, F.X. [State Key Laboratory for Magnetism, Institute of Physics, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100190 (China); Shen, B.G., E-mail: shenbg@aphy.iphy.ac.cn [State Key Laboratory for Magnetism, Institute of Physics, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100190 (China)

    2017-01-01

    Orthorhombic polycrystalline RCu{sub 2} (R=Tb, Dy, Ho and Er) compounds were synthesized and the magnetic properties and magnetocaloric effect (MCE) were investigated in detail. All of the RCu{sub 2} compounds are antiferromagnetic (AFM) ordered. As temperature increases, RCu{sub 2} compounds undergo an AFM to AFM transition at T{sub t} and an AFM to paramagnetic (PM) transition at T{sub N}. Besides of the normal MCE around T{sub N}, large inverse MCE around T{sub t} was found in TbCu{sub 2} compound. Under a field change of 0–7 T, the maximal value of inverse MCE is even larger than the value of normal MCE around T{sub N} for TbCu{sub 2} compound. Considering of the normal and inverse MCE, TbCu{sub 2} shows the largest refrigerant capacity among the RCu{sub 2} (R=Tb, Dy, Ho and Er) compounds indicating its potential applications in low temperature multistage refrigeration. - Highlights: • Large inverse magnetocaloric effect is observed in TbCu{sub 2} compound. • The AFM to AFM transition is observed in RCu{sub 2} (R=Tb, Dy, Ho, Er) compounds. • The MCE performance of TbCu{sub 2} compound is evaluated in a more comprehensively way.

  4. Magnetic structures of rare earth intermetallic compounds RCuAs2 (R = Pr, Nd, Tb, Dy, Ho, and Yb)

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zhao, Y.; Lynn, J. W.; Thakur, G. S.; Haque, Z.; Gupta, L. C.; Ganguli, A. K.

    2017-12-01

    Neutron scattering studies have been carried out on polycrystalline samples of a series of rare earth intermetallic compounds RCuAs2 (R = Pr, Nd, Dy, Tb, Ho and Yb) as a function of temperature to determine the magnetic structures and the order parameters. These compounds crystallize in the ZrCuSi2 type structure, which is similar to that of the RFeAsO (space group P4/nmm) class of iron-based superconductors. PrCuAs2 develops commensurate magnetic order with K = (0, 0, 0.5) below TN = 6.4(2) K, with the ordered moments pointing along the c-axis. The irreducible representation analysis shows either a Γ12 or Γ13 representation. NdCuAs2 and DyCuAs2 order below TN = 3.54(5) K and TN = 10.1(2) K, respectively, with the same ordering wave vector but the moments lying in the a-b plane (with a Γ29 or Γ210 representation). TbCuAs2 and HoCuAs2 exhibit incommensurate magnetic structures below TN = 9.44(7) and 4.41(2) K, respectively. For TbCuAs2, two separate magnetic ordering wave vectors are established as K1(Tb) = (0.240,0.155,0.48) and K2(Tb) = (0.205, 0.115, 0.28), whereas HoCuAs2 forms a single K(Ho) = (0.121, 0.041, 0.376) magnetic structure with 3rd order harmonic magnetic peaks. YbCuAs2 does not exhibit any magnetic Bragg peaks at 1.5 K, while susceptibility measurements indicate an antiferromagnetic-like transition at 4 K, suggesting that either the ordering is not long range in nature or the ordered moment is below the sensitivity limit of ≈0.2 μB.

  5. Family of defect-dicubane Ni4Ln2 (Ln = Gd, Tb, Dy, Ho) and Ni4Y2 complexes: rare Tb(III) and Ho(III) examples showing SMM behavior.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zhao, Lang; Wu, Jianfeng; Ke, Hongshan; Tang, Jinkui

    2014-04-07

    Reactions of Ln(III) perchlorate (Ln = Gd, Tb, Dy, and Ho), NiCl2·6H2O, and a polydentate Schiff base resulted in the assembly of novel isostructural hexanuclear Ni4Ln2 complexes [Ln = Gd (1), Tb (2), Dy (3), Ho (4)] with an unprecedented 3d-4f metal topology consisting of two defect-dicubane units. The corresponding Ni4Y2 (5) complex containing diamagnetic Y(III) atoms was also isolated to assist the magnetic studies. Interestingly, complexes 2 and 3 exhibit SMM characteristics and 4 shows slow relaxation of the magnetization. The absence of frequency-dependent in-phase and out-of-phase signals for the Ni-Y species suggests that the Ln ions' contribution to the slow relaxation must be effectual as previously observed in other Ni-Dy samples. However, the observation of χ″ signals with zero dc field for the Ni-Tb and Ni-Ho derivatives is notable. Indeed, this is the first time that such a behavior is observed in the Ni-Tb and Ni-Ho complexes.

  6. Electronic structure of triple intermetallic compounds of RAl/sub 2/Si/sub 2/ type. [(R=Pr,Gd,Tb,Dy,Ho,Er,Tm,Yb,Lu)

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Nemoshkalenko, V.V.; Nagornyj, V.Ya.; Mamko, B.P.; Nikolyuk, P.K.; Gel, P.V.; Lutsiv, R.V.; Koterlin, M.D. (AN Ukrainskoj SSR, Kiev. Inst. Metallofiziki; L' vovskij Gosudarstvennyj Univ. (Ukrainian SSR))

    1981-11-01

    The electron structure of triple intermetallic compounds of RAl/sub 2/Si/sub 2/ type (R=Pr, Gd, Tb, Dy, Ho, Er, Tm, Yb, Lu) is studied by X-ray spectral analysis. The study permits an assumption that the studied phases possess covalent bends besides metallic ones.

  7. Síntesis hidrotermal de monocristales LnMn2O5 (Ln= Y, Pr, Nd, Sm, Eu, Gd, Tb, Dy, Ho y Er

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Señarís Rodríguez, M. A.

    2008-08-01

    Full Text Available Ten single crystals of the series LnMn2O5 (Ln= Y, Pr, Nd, Sm, Eu, Gd, Tb, Dy, Ho and Er were synthesized by hydrothermal synthesis in a single step and without subsequent thermal treatments from aqueous solutions of metals salts at 240 ºC. The obtained single crystals have a size of various micrometers and their morphology changes throughout the serie: they are polygonal in the case of the compounds with Ln= Pr, Nd, Sm, Eu and Gd and needle-like in the case of the compounds with Ln= Y, Tb, Dy, Ho and Er. After the analysis of the obtained products employing different conditions of synthesis we attributed the different morphology to a greater growth rate along the c axis when the smaller ions (Y, Tb, Dy, Ho y Er are involved, due to their better adaptation to the compound’s crystal structure.Se han conseguido preparar monocristales de 10 óxidos mixtos de la serie LnMn2O5 (Ln= Y, Pr, Nd, Sm, Eu, Gd, Tb, Dy, Ho y Er mediante síntesis hidrotermal optimizada, en un único paso y sin tratamientos térmicos posteriores partiendo de las correspondientes sales metálicas en disolución acuosa a 240 ºC. Los monocristales obtenidos son relativamente grandes, de varias micras y su morfología varía a lo largo de la serie: es poligonal en el caso de los compuestos de los lantánidos del inicio de la serie (Ln= Pr, Nd, Sm, Eu y Gd y acicular en el caso de los compuestos de Y y de los lantánidos del final de la serie (Ln= Tb, Dy, Ho y Er. Tras el análisis de los productos obtenidos empleando distintas condiciones de síntesis atribuimos la diferente morfología a una mayor velocidad de crecimiento cristalino a lo largo del eje c cuando intervienen los iones más pequeños (Y, Tb, Dy, Ho y Er debido a la mejor adaptación de éstos últimos a la estructura cristalina del compuesto.

  8. Theoretical investigations on magnetic entropy change in amorphous and crystalline systems: Applications to RAg (R=Tb, Dy, Ho) and GdCuAl

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Ranke, P.J. von, E-mail: von.ranke@uol.com.br [Instituto de Física, Universidade do Estado do Rio de Janeiro – UERJ, Rua São Francisco Xavier, 524, 20550-013 RJ (Brazil); Nóbrega, E.P. [Instituto de Física, Universidade do Estado do Rio de Janeiro – UERJ, Rua São Francisco Xavier, 524, 20550-013 RJ (Brazil); Caldas, A. [Sociedade Unificada de Ensino Superior e Cultura, SUESC, 20211-351 Rio de Janeiro, RJ (Brazil); Alho, B.P. [Instituto de Aplicação Fernando Rodrigues da Silveira, Universidade do Estado do Rio de Janeiro, Rua Santa Alexandrina, 288, 20260-232 RJ (Brazil); Ribeiro, P.O.; Alvarenga, T.S.T.; Lopes, P.H.O.; Sousa, V.S.R. de [Instituto de Física, Universidade do Estado do Rio de Janeiro – UERJ, Rua São Francisco Xavier, 524, 20550-013 RJ (Brazil); Carvalho, A. Magnus G. [Laboratório Nacional de Luz Síncrotron, CNPEM, 13083-970 Campinas, SP (Brazil); Oliveira, N.A. de [Instituto de Física, Universidade do Estado do Rio de Janeiro – UERJ, Rua São Francisco Xavier, 524, 20550-013 RJ (Brazil)

    2014-11-15

    We report theoretical investigations on the magnetic entropy changes in amorphous systems through two different assumptions. In the first assumption, the HPZ-anisotropic model is considered to deal with the random direction of magnetic moments, where the amorphous RAg (R=Tb, Dy and Ho) were used as prototypes systems. In the second assumption, the amorphisation is parameterized through the exchange interaction distribution and GdCuAl, in amorphous and crystalline structures, were considered as prototypes systems. Comparisons between the magnetic entropy changes under amorphisation and under the usual magnetic field variation were performed. The model reveals the dependence of refrigerant capacity on the amorphisation parameter, and an optimum amorphisation parameter was calculated. - Highlights: • Theoretical investigation on RAg (R=Tb, Dy and Ho) and GdCuAl amorphous alloys. • Magnetic entropy changes in GdCuAl in both amorphous and crystalline structures. • The refrigerant capacity was compared in both amorphous and crystalline phases.

  9. Photoelectron spectra of the late rare-earth misfit layer compounds (LnS)(1+x)TS2 (Ln=Tb, Dy, Ho; T=Nb, Ta)

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Fang, CM; Wiegers, GA; Haas, C

    Photoemission spectra (XPS and UPS) are presented for the valence band of misfit layer compounds (LnS)(1+x)TS2 with Ln = Dy, Ho or Tb; T = Nb or Ta. The Nb 4d(x)2 (or Ta 5d(x)2) conduction band is almost filled, which indicates a charge transfer of slightly less than one electron per T from the LnS

  10. Subsolidus Phase Relations of the CaO-REOx-CuO Systems (RE = Eu, Tb, Dy, Ho, Er, Lu and Sc) at 900 °C in Air

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Grivel, Jean-Claude

    2016-01-01

    The subsolidus phase relations of the CaO-REOx-CuO systems (RE = Eu, Tb, Dy, Ho, Er, Lu and Sc) were investigated in air at 900 °C. The pseudo-ternary sections with RE = Tb, Dy, Ho, Er and Lu have a similar structure. They have in common with the RE = Eu system a solid solution of Ca0.833−xRExCuO2......+y composition but the system with RE = Eu differs by the presence of an Eu2CuO4 phase instead of RE2Cu2O5 for RE = Tb, Dy, Ho, Er and Lu. In contrast, the CaO-ScO1.5-CuO section does not contain a Ca0.833−xScxCuO2+y solid solution and is dominated by the CaSc2O4 phase, which has no equivalent...... in the other systems at 900 °C in air....

  11. Windmill-shaped octanuclear Zn/Ln (LnIII = Dy, Tb, Ho) heterometallic ensembles supported by a tetraferrocene scaffold.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Chakraborty, Amit; Goura, Joydeb; Bag, Prasenjit; Bar, Arun Kumar; Sutter, Jean-Pascal; Chandrasekhar, Vadapalli

    2016-11-28

    Utilizing a new ferrocene-based compartmental ligand, H4L (1), a series of novel heterometallic complexes [{LZn(μ-OAc)Dy}4(μ4-H2O)] (2), [{LZn(μ-OAc)Tb}4(μ4-H2O)] (3), [{LZn(μ-OAc)Ho}4(μ4-H2O)] (4), [L = Fe[(C5H4){-C(Me)[double bond, length as m-dash]N-N[double bond, length as m-dash]C6H3-(o-O)(m-O)}]2] were synthesized and characterized. 2 and 3 crystallize in the monoclinic crystal system in the I2/m space group, whereas 4 crystallizes in the tetragonal crystal system in the I4/m space group. The tetra deprotonated ligand L4- has two distinct coordination compartments: one pocket (2N, 2O) suitable for the transition metal (3d) ions and another pocket (4O) suitable for lanthanide (4f) metal ions. Additionally, the terminal phenoxo group can be utilized for cluster expansion. In all the complexes, the ZnII ion is in a perfect square pyramidal (2N, 3O) geometry whereas the lanthanide ion has a coordination number of eight (8O) in a distorted biaugmented trigonal-prism geometry. The electrochemical properties of 2 and 3 along with ligand H4L (1) were studied by cyclic voltammetry (CV). All the complexes display a similar type of electrochemical behavior viz., one quasi-reversible oxidation typical of a ferrocene/ferrocenium motif. The magnetic properties of all the complexes have also been investigated.

  12. Effect of Tb and Al substitution within the rare earth and cobalt sublattices on magnetothermal properties of Dy{sub 0.5}Ho{sub 0.5}Co{sub 2}

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Chzhan, V.B., E-mail: lemuriform@gmail.com [Baikov Institute of Metallurgy and Material Sciences, Russian Academy of Sciences, Moscow 119334 (Russian Federation); National University of Science and Technology “MISIS”, Moscow 119049 (Russian Federation); Tereshina, E.A. [Institute of Physics CAS, Prague 18221 (Czech Republic); Mikhailova, A.B. [Baikov Institute of Metallurgy and Material Sciences, Russian Academy of Sciences, Moscow 119334 (Russian Federation); Politova, G.A. [Baikov Institute of Metallurgy and Material Sciences, Russian Academy of Sciences, Moscow 119334 (Russian Federation); International Laboratory of High Magnetic Fields and Low Temperatures, Wroclaw 53-421 (Poland); Tereshina, I.S. [Baikov Institute of Metallurgy and Material Sciences, Russian Academy of Sciences, Moscow 119334 (Russian Federation); Faculty of Physics, Lomonosov Moscow State University, Moscow 119991 (Russian Federation); Kozlov, V.I. [Faculty of Physics, Lomonosov Moscow State University, Moscow 119991 (Russian Federation); Ćwik, J. [International Laboratory of High Magnetic Fields and Low Temperatures, Wroclaw 53-421 (Poland); Nenkov, K. [IFW Dresden, P.O. Box 270116, 01171 Dresden (Germany); Alekseeva, O.A.; Filimonov, A.V. [Peter the Great St. Petersburg Polytechnic University, St. Petersburg 195251 (Russian Federation)

    2017-06-15

    Highlights: • Single-phase (Tb,Dy,Ho)(Co,Al){sub 2} alloys synthesized using high-purity metals. • Temperature dependence of lattice parameters measured in a wide temperature range. • Tb and Al substitution increase the Curie temperature in Dy{sub 0.5}Ho{sub 0.5}Co{sub 2.} • The MCE measured by direct and indirect methods. • Materials with ‘table-like’ MCE are found. - Abstract: The effect of Tb and Al substitution within the rare earth and cobalt sublattices on structural and magnetothermal properties of Dy{sub 0.5}Ho{sub 0.5}Co{sub 2} has been studied. Multicomponent Laves phase alloys Tb{sub x}(Dy{sub 0.5}Ho{sub 0.5}){sub 1−x}Co{sub 2−y}Al{sub y} (x = 0, 0.3, 0.4, 0.5; y = 0, 0.25) synthesized using high-purity metals have been studied using X-ray diffraction analysis, heat capacity and magnetocaloric measurements. Dy{sub 0.5}Ho{sub 0.5}Co{sub 2} has a first order phase transition at the Curie temperature T{sub C} ≈ 110 K. Both Tb and Al substitution leads to increase of the T{sub C}. The increasing Tb content leads to the decreases slightly the MCE and all the transitions near the Curie temperature are of the first order. As for the Al-containing compounds, MCE measurements show that the phase transition type changes from the first to the second-order. The advantage of Tb{sub x}(Dy{sub 0.5}Ho{sub 0.5}){sub 1−x}Co{sub 1.75}Al{sub 0.25} as compared with Al-free alloys is ‘table-like’ behavior of MCE.

  13. Magnetocaloric properties of TbN, DyN and HoN nanopowders prepared by the plasma arc discharge method.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Shinde, K P; Jang, S H; Kim, J W; Kim, D S; Ranot, M; Chung, K C

    2015-12-21

    We report for the first time the synthesis of nanopowders of TbN, DyN and HoN crystallized in a cubic structure by the plasma arc discharge (PAD) method and investigate their magnetocaloric properties for magnetic refrigeration applications. The nitridization of terbium, dysprosium and holmium was obtained using a mixture of nitrogen and argon gas inside a discharge chamber with 4 kPa pressure. The structural and microstructural properties of these rare earth nitrides were investigated by using X-ray diffraction and transmission electron microscopy. The studied nitrides undergo a second-order ferromagnetic to paramagnetic phase transition at Curie temperatures of 35.7, 19.9 and 14.2 K for TbN, DyN and HoN, respectively. The magnetocaloric effects were estimated by calculating the magnetic entropy changes from the magnetization data sets measured at the different applied magnetic fields and temperatures. The changes in entropy -ΔSM were found to be 12.0, 13.6 and 24.5 J kg(-1) K(-1) at an applied magnetic field of 5 T.

  14. Thiacalix[4]arene-supported kite-like heterometallic tetranuclear Zn(II)Ln(III)3 (Ln = Gd, Tb, Dy, Ho) complexes.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Su, Kongzhao; Jiang, Feilong; Qian, Jinjie; Wu, Mingyan; Xiong, Kecai; Gai, Yanli; Hong, Maochun

    2013-04-01

    Four kite-like tetranuclear Zn(II)Ln(III)3 (Ln= Gd 1, Tb 2, Dy 3, Ho 4) clusters supported by p-tert-butylthiacalix[4]arene (H4BTC4A) have been prepared under solvothermal conditions and structurally characterized by single crystal X-ray diffraction and powder X-ray diffraction (PXRD). In the structures of these four complexes, each of them is capped by two tail-to-tail p-tert-butylthiacalix[4]arene molecules to form a bent sandwich-like unit. The photoluminescent analyses reveal that the H4BTC4A is an efficient sensitizer for Tb(3+) ions in 2. The magnetic properties of complexes 1-4 are also investigated, in which complex 3 exhibits slow magnetization relaxation typical for single molecule magnets.

  15. Pentanuclear heterometallic {Mn(III)(2)Ln(3)} (Ln = Gd, Dy, Tb, Ho) assemblies in an open-book type structural topology: appearance of slow relaxation of magnetization in the Dy(III) and Ho(III) analogues.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bag, Prasenjit; Chakraborty, Amit; Rogez, Guillaume; Chandrasekhar, Vadapalli

    2014-07-07

    The reaction of Ln(III) nitrate and Mn(ClO4)2·6H2O salts in the presence of a multidentate sterically unencumbered ligand, (E)-2,2'-(2-hydroxy-3-((2-hydroxyphenylimino)methyl)-5-methylbenzylazanediyl)diethanol (LH4) leads to the isolation of four isostructural pentanuclear hetereometallic complexes [Mn(III)2Gd3(LH)4(NO3)(HOCH3)]ClO4·NO3 (1), [Mn(III)2Dy3(LH)4(NO3)(HOCH3)]ClO4·NO3 (2), [Mn(III)2Tb3(LH)4(NO3)(HOCH3)]ClO4·NO3 (3), and [Mn(III)2Ho3(LH)4(NO3)(HOCH3)]ClO4·NO3 (4) with an open-book type structural topology. 1-4 are dicationic and crystallize in the achiral space group, P21/n. A total of four triply deprotonated ligands, [LH](3-), are involved in holding the pentameric metal framework, {Mn(III)2Ln3}. In these complexes both the lanthanide and the manganese(III) ions are doubly bridged, involving phenolate or ethoxide oxygen atoms. The magnetochemical analysis reveals the presence of global antiferromagnetic interactions among the spin centers at low temperatures in all the four compounds. AC susceptibility measurements show the presence of temperature dependent out-of-phase ac signal for compounds 2 and 4 indicating an SMM behavior.

  16. Pico- and subpicosecond relaxation processes in lanthanide-porphyrin complexes. [Lanthanoids: Sm, Eu, Gd, Tb, Dy, Ho, Er, Tm, Yb, Lu

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Solov' ev, K.N.; Tsvirko, M.P.; Krasauskas, V.V.; Pyatosin, V.E.; Stel' makh, G.F.

    1984-03-01

    Methods of nano- and picosecond absorption spectroscopy and luminescence are used to determine the deactivation rates of ..pi.., ..pi..*-electron states of S/sub 2/, S/sub 1/ and T/sub 1/ in complexes of organic molecules of meso-tetratolylporphyne and tetrabenzoporphyne with trivalent Sm/sup 3 +/, Eu/sup 3 +/, Gd/sup 3 +/, Tb/sup 3 +/, Dy/sup 3 +/, Ho/sup 3 +/, Er/sup 3 +/, Tm/sup 3 +/, Yb/sup 3 +/, Lu/sup 3 +/. Quantitative data on superfast relaxation processes in lanthanide porphyrines are obtained. The function of the metal entral ion is presented in details as the excitation factor in deactivation processes of photoexcitation energy of the systems in question.

  17. Synthesis and magnetochemistry of heterometallic triangular FeLn(III) (Ln = La, Gd, Tb, Dy, and Ho) and FeY(III) complexes.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Singh, Namrata; Das Gupta, Sayak; Butcher, Raymond J; Christou, George

    2017-06-20

    A series of Fe2Ln (Ln = La, Gd, Tb, Dy and Ho) and Fe2Y complexes have been synthesized via metal substitution and characterized by single crystal X-ray diffraction. All the molecules are isostructural and have a Fe2LnO triangular core with the oxygen atom existing as an μ3-oxo(2-) anion. DC and AC magnetic susceptibility studies were performed on all the molecules. For Fe2Ln (Ln = Gd, La) and Fe2Y, the data were fitted to Van Vleck equations and the magnetic coupling constants were obtained. In all cases, the two Fe(iii) spins were found to be antiparallel to each other in the ground state leaving the heterometal to remain essentially uncoupled.

  18. Production cross sections of elements near the N=126 shell in Ca48-induced reactions with Gd154,Tb159,Dy162, and Ho165 targets

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mayorov, D. A.; Werke, T. A.; Alfonso, M. C.; Bennett, M. E.; Folden, C. M.

    2014-08-01

    Excitation functions for shell-stabilized evaporation residues produced in Ca48-induced reactions with Gd154,Tb159,Dy162, and Ho165 targets have been measured in experiments performed at the Cyclotron Institute at Texas A&M University. The examined energy range predominantly covers the 3n and 4n evaporation channels with higher cross sections measured for the 4n products. The σ4n are nearly invariant within experimental uncertainty in reactions with Tb159,Dy162, and Ho165 with the maxima at 12.6 ± 1.9, 12.6 ± 1.7, and 9.4 ± 1.3 mb, respectively. For the reaction with Gd154, the maximum is slightly lower at 4.0 ± 0.6 mb. A simple model to describe the measured production cross sections was employed. Capture was estimated by using the "diffused barrier formula" from the "fusion by diffusion" model proposed by Świątecki et al. [Phys. Rev. C 71, 014602 (2005)]., 10.1103/PhysRevC.71.014602 The fusion probability was estimated by using a phenomenological expression presented by Siwek-Wilczyńska et al. [Int. J. Mod. Phys. E 17, 12 (2008)]., 10.1142/S0218301308009501 The survival probability was calculated according to the formula of Vandenbosch and Huizenga [Nuclear Fission (Academic, New York, 1973)], derived from transition-state theory. The best agreement is reached between calculation and experiment upon inclusion of collective effects in the calculation of the survival probability, shown previously to be important for production of weakly deformed nuclei. This, in turn, challenges the expectation that strong shell stabilization benefits the production cross section. The present data are compared with earlier studies on production of neutron-deficient nuclei in Ca-induced reactions with lanthanide targets.

  19. Structural and magnetic properties of two branches of the tripod-kagome-lattice family A2R3Sb3O14 (A = Mg, Zn; R = Pr, Nd, Gd, Tb, Dy, Ho, Er, Yb)

    Science.gov (United States)

    Dun, Z. L.; Trinh, J.; Lee, M.; Choi, E. S.; Li, K.; Hu, Y. F.; Wang, Y. X.; Blanc, N.; Ramirez, A. P.; Zhou, H. D.

    2017-03-01

    We present a systematic study of the structural and magnetic properties of two branches of the rare-earth tripod-kagome-lattice (TKL) family A2R3Sb3O14 (A = Mg, Zn; R = Pr, Nd, Gd, Tb, Dy, Ho, Er, Yb; here, we use abbreviation A-R, as in MgPr for Mg2Pr3Sb3O14 ), which complements our previously reported work on MgDy, MgGd, and MgEr [Z. L. Dun et al., Phys. Rev. Lett. 116, 157201 (2016), 10.1103/PhysRevLett.116.157201]. The present susceptibility (χdc, χac) and specific-heat measurements reveal various magnetic ground states, including the nonmagnetic singlet state for MgPr, ZnPr; long-range orderings (LROs) for MgGd, ZnGd, MgNd, ZnNd, and MgYb; a long-range magnetic charge ordered state for MgDy, ZnDy, and potentially for MgHo; possible spin-glass states for ZnEr, ZnHo; the absence of spin ordering down to 80 mK for MgEr, MgTb, ZnTb, and ZnYb compounds. The ground states observed here bear both similarities as well as striking differences from the states found in the parent pyrochlore systems. In particular, while the TKLs display a greater tendency towards LRO, the lack of LRO in MgHo, MgTb, and ZnTb can be viewed from the standpoint of a balance among spin-spin interactions, anisotropies, and non-Kramers nature of single-ion state. While substituting Zn for Mg changes the chemical pressure, and subtly modifies the interaction energies for compounds with larger R ions, this substitution introduces structural disorder and modifies the ground states for compounds with smaller R ions (Ho, Er, Yb).

  20. Exploring the Influence of Diamagnetic Ions on the Mechanism of Magnetization Relaxation in {CoIII2LnIII2} (Ln = Dy, Tb, Ho) "Butterfly" Complexes.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Vignesh, Kuduva R; Langley, Stuart K; Murray, Keith S; Rajaraman, Gopalan

    2017-03-06

    The synthesis and magnetic and theoretical studies of three isostructural heterometallic [CoIII2LnIII2(μ3-OH)2(o-tol)4(mdea)2(NO3)2] (Ln = Dy (1), Tb (2), Ho (3)) "butterfly" complexes are reported (o-tol = o-toluate, (mdea)2- = doubly deprotonated N-methyldiethanolamine). The CoIII ions are diamagnetic in these complexes. Analysis of the dc magnetic susceptibility measurements reveal antiferromagnetic exchange coupling between the two LnIII ions for all three complexes. ac magnetic susceptibility measurements reveal single-molecule magnet (SMM) behavior for complex 1, in the absence of an external magnetic field, with an anisotropy barrier Ueff of 81.2 cm-1, while complexes 2 and 3 exhibit field induced SMM behavior, with a Ueff value of 34.2 cm-1 for 2. The barrier height for 3 could not be quantified. To understand the experimental observations, we performed DFT and ab initio CASSCF+RASSI-SO calculations to probe the single-ion properties and the nature and magnitude of the LnIII-LnIII magnetic coupling and to develop an understanding of the role the diamagnetic CoIII ion plays in the magnetization relaxation. The calculations were able to rationalize the experimental relaxation data for all complexes and strongly suggest that the CoIII ion is integral to the observation of SMM behavior in these systems. Thus, we explored further the effect that the diamagnetic CoIII ions have on the magnetization blocking of 1. We did this by modeling a dinuclear {DyIII2} complex (1a), with the removal of the diamagnetic ions, and three complexes of the types {KI2DyIII2} (1b), {ZnII2DyIII2} (1c), and {TiIV2DyIII2} (1d), each containing a different diamagnetic ion. We found that the presence of the diamagnetic ions results in larger negative charges on the bridging hydroxides (1b > 1c > 1 > 1d), in comparison to 1a (no diamagnetic ion), which reduces quantum tunneling of magnetization effects, allowing for more desirable SMM characteristics. The results indicate very strong

  1. A family of 3d-4f octa-nuclear [Mn(III)(4)Ln(III)(4)] wheels (Ln = Sm, Gd, Tb, Dy, Ho, Er, and Y): synthesis, structure, and magnetism.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Li, Mengyuan; Lan, Yanhua; Ako, Ayuk M; Wernsdorfer, Wolfgang; Anson, Christopher E; Buth, Gernot; Powell, Annie K; Wang, Zheming; Gao, Song

    2010-12-20

    We present the syntheses, crystal structures, and magnetochemical characterizations for a family of isostructural [Mn(4)Ln(4)] compounds (Ln = Sm, Gd, Tb, Dy, Ho, Er, and Y). They were prepared from the reactions of formic acid, propionic acid, N-n-butyl-diethanolamine, manganese perchlorate, and lanthanide nitrates under the addition of triethylamine in MeOH. The compounds possess an intriguing hetero-octanuclear wheel structure with four Mn(III) and four Ln(III) ions alternatively arranged in a saddle-like ring, where formate ions act as key carboxylate bridges. In the lattice, the molecules stack into columns in a quasi-hexagonal arrangement. Direct current (dc) magnetic susceptibility measurements indicated the depopulation of the Stark components at low temperature and/or very weak antiferromagnetic interactions between magnetic centers. The zero-field alternating current (ac) susceptibility studies revealed that the compounds containing Sm, Tb, and Dy showed frequency-dependent out-of-phase signals, indicating they are single-molecule magnets (SMMs). Magnetization versus applied dc field sweeps on a single crystal of the Dy compound down to 40 mK exhibited hysteresis depending on temperatures and field sweeping rates, further confirming that the Dy compound is a SMM. The magnetization dynamics of the Sm and Y compounds investigated under dc fields revealed that the relaxation of the Sm compound is considered to be dominated by the two-phonon (Orbach) process while the Y compound displays a multiple relaxation process.

  2. S-shaped decanuclear heterometallic [Ni8Ln2] complexes [Ln(III) = Gd, Tb, Dy and Ho]: theoretical modeling of the magnetic properties of the gadolinium analogue.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hossain, Sakiat; Das, Sourav; Chakraborty, Amit; Lloret, Francesc; Cano, Joan; Pardo, Emilio; Chandrasekhar, Vadapalli

    2014-07-14

    The reaction of 8-quinolinol-2-carboaldoxime (LH2) with Ni(II) and Ln(III) salts afforded the heterometallic decanuclear compounds [Ni8Dy2(μ3-OH)2(L)8(LH)2(H2O)6](ClO4)2·16H2O (1), [Ni8Gd2(μ3-OH)2(L)8(LH)2(H2O)4(MeOH)2](NO3)2·12H2O (2), [Ni8Ho2(μ3-OH)2(L)8(LH)2(H2O)4(MeOH)2](ClO4)2·2MeOH·12H2O (3) and [Ni8Tb2 (μ3-OH)2(L)8(LH)2(MeOH)4(OMe)2]·2CH2Cl2·8H2O (4). While compounds 1-3 are dicationic, compound 4 is neutral. These compounds possess an S-shaped architecture and comprise a long chain of metal ions bound to each other. In all the complexes, the eight Ni(II) and two Ln(III) ions of the multimetallic ensemble are hold together by two μ3-OH, eight dianionic (L(2-)) and two monoanionic oxime ligands (LH(-)) whereas compound 4 has two μ3-OH, eight dianionic (L(2-)), two monoanionic oxime ligands (LH(-)) and two terminal methoxy (MeO(-)) ligands. The central portion of the S-shaped molecular wire is made up of an octanuclear Ni(II) ensemble which has at its two ends the Ln(III) caps. Magnetic studies on 1-4 reveal that the magnetic interactions between neighboring metal ions are negligible at room temperature. On the other hand, at lower temperatures in all the compounds anti-ferromagnetic interactions seem to be dominated. Analysis of the magnetic data for the Gd(III) derivative indicates Ni(II)-Ni(II) anti-ferromagnetic interactions and Gd(III)-Ni(II) ferromagnetic interactions at low temperatures. A theoretical density functional study on the magnetic behavior of the Gd(III) derivative suggests that while the weak ferromagnetic interaction between Gd(III) and Ni(II) is in line with the expectation of the magnetic interactions between orthogonal d and f orbitals, antiferromagnetic Ni(II)-Ni(II) interactions are related to the wide Ni-O-Ni angles (∼102°) and quasi-planar conformation of the Ni2O2 core.

  3. Assembly of heterobimetallic Ni(II)-Ln(III) (Ln(III) = Dy(III), Tb(III), Gd(III), Ho(III), Er(III), Y(III)) complexes using a ferrocene ligand: slow relaxation of the magnetization in Dy(III), Tb(III) and Ho(III) analogues.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Chakraborty, Amit; Bag, Prasenjit; Rivière, Eric; Mallah, Talal; Chandrasekhar, Vadapalli

    2014-06-21

    A family of dinuclear 3d-4f heterobimetallic complexes [LNi(H2O)(μ-OAc)Ln(NO3)2]·CH3CN; {Ln = Dy(III) (1), Tb(III) (2), Ho(III) (3), Gd(III) (4), Er(III) (5), Y(III) (6)} have been synthesized by utilizing a ferrocene-based, dual compartmental ligand H2L. 1-6 are isostructural and crystallize in the triclinic (P1) space group. In these complexes Ni(II) is present in the inner coordination sphere of the dianionic [L](2-) ligand; Ln(III) is encapsulated in the outer coordination pocket. Ni(II) shows a 2N, 4O coordination environment in a distorted octahedral geometry, while the Ln(III) ion possesses a 9O coordination environment in a distorted tricapped trigonal prismatic geometry. ESI-MS studies suggest that the structural integrity of 1-6 is retained in solution. Electrochemical studies reveal that these complexes show a reversible one-electron response typical of the ferrocene motif along with an irreversible one-electron oxidation involving the Ni(II)/Ni(III) couple. Magnetic studies revealed the presence of ferromagnetic exchange coupling between Ni(II) and Ln(III) centers as shown by the increase of χMT value upon cooling below 50 K for compounds 1, 2, 4 and 5. Further, dynamic magnetic susceptibility measurements (1-3) confirm the absence of an out-of-phase (χ'') signal at zero dc fields. However, when these measurements were carried out at 1000 Oe dc field the χ'' signal was observed, although maxima could not be detected up to 2 K.

  4. Visible and near-infrared intense luminescence from water-soluble lanthanide [Tb(III), Eu(III), Sm(III), Dy(III), Pr(III), Ho(III), Yb(III), Nd(III), Er(III)] complexes.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Quici, Silvio; Cavazzini, Marco; Marzanni, Giovanni; Accorsi, Gianluca; Armaroli, Nicola; Ventura, Barbara; Barigelletti, Francesco

    2005-02-07

    The synthesis of a new ligand (1) containing a single phenanthroline (phen) chromophore and a flexibly connected diethylenetriamine tetracarboxylic acid unit (DTTA) as a lanthanide (Ln) coordination site is reported [1 is 4-[(9-methyl-1,10-phenantrol-2-yl)methyl]-1,4,7-triazaheptane-1,1,7,7-tetraacetic acid]. From 1, an extended series of water-soluble Ln.1 complexes was obtained, where Ln is Eu(III), Tb(III), Gd(III), Sm(III), Dy(III), Pr(III), Ho(III), Yb(III), Nd(III), and Er(III). The stoichiometry for the association was found 1:1, with an association constant K(A) > or = 10(7) s(-1) as determined by employing luminescence spectroscopy. The luminescence and photophysical properties of the series of lanthanide complexes were investigated in both H2O and D2O solutions. High efficiencies for the sensitized emission, phi(se), in air-equilibrated water were observed for the Ln.1 complexes of Eu(III) and Tb(III) in the visible region (phi(se) = 0.24 and 0.15, respectively) and of Sm(III), Dy(III), Pr(III), Ho(III), Yb(III), Nd(III), and Er(III) in the vis and/or near-infrared region [phi(se) = 2.5 x 10(-3), 5 x 10(-4), 3 x 10(-5), 2 x 10(-5), 2 x 10(-4), 4 x 10(-5), and (in D2O) 4 x 10(-5), respectively]. For Eu.1 and Tb.1, luminescence data for water and deuterated water allowed us to estimate that no solvent molecules (q) are bound to the ion centers (q = 0). Luminescence quenching by oxygen was investigated in selected cases.

  5. Octanuclear {Ln(III)8}(Ln = Gd, Tb, Dy, Ho) macrocyclic complexes in a cyclooctadiene-like conformation: manifestation of slow relaxation of magnetization in the Dy(III) derivative.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Chandrasekhar, Vadapalli; Bag, Prasenjit; Colacio, Enrique

    2013-04-15

    The synthesis of a series of macrocyclic, isostructural octanuclear lanthanide complexes [Gd8 (LH2)4 (μ-Piv)4 (η(2)-Piv)4 (μ-OMe)4]·6CH3OH·2H2O (1), [Tb8 (LH2)4 (μ-Piv)4 (η(2)-Piv)4 (μ-OMe)4]4CH3OH·4H2O (2), [Dy8(LH2)4 (μ-Piv)4 (η(2)-Piv)4 (μ-OMe)4]·8CH3OH (3), and [Ho8(LH2)4(μ-Piv)4 (η(2)-Piv)4 (μ-OMe)4]·CH3OH·4H2O (4) have been achieved, using Ln(III) nitrate salts, pivalic acid, and a new multidentate chelating ligand (2E,N'E)-N'-(3-((bis(2- hydroxyethyl)amino)methyl)-2-hydroxy-5-methylbenzylidene)-2-(hydroxyimino) propane hydrazide (LH5), containing two unsymmetrically disposed arms; one side of the phenol unit is decorated with a diethanolamine group while the other side is a hydrazone that has been built by the condensation reaction involving 2-hydroxyiminopropanehydrazide. All the compounds, 1-4, are neutral and are held by the four [LH2](3-) triply deprotonated chelating ligands. In these complexes all the lanthanide ions are doubly or triply bridged via phenolate, alkoxy, and pivalate oxygens. The metal centers are distributed over the 8 vertices of an octagon, resembling a cyclooctadiene ring core. The details of magnetochemical analysis for complexes 1-4 shows that they exhibit antiferromagnetic interactions between the Ln(3+) ions through the phenoxo, alkoxo, and pivalato bridging groups. None of the compounds exhibits slow relaxation of the magnetization at zero applied direct current (dc) magnetic field, which could be due to the existence of a fast quantum tunneling relaxation of the magnetization (QTM). In the case of 3, the application of a small dc field is enough as to fully or partly suppress the fast and efficient zero-field QTM allowing the observation of slow relaxation above 2 K.

  6. Study of hyperfine interactions in intermetallic compounds Gd(Ni,Pd,Cu)In, Tb(Ni,Pd)In, Dy(Ni,Pd)In and Ho(Ni,Pd)In; Estudo de interacoes hiperfinas em compostos intermetalicos Gd(Ni,Pd,Cu)In, Tb(Ni,Pd)In, Dy(Ni,Pd)In e Ho(Ni,Pd)In

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Lapolli, Andre Luis

    2006-07-01

    Systematic behavior of magnetic hyperfine field (B{sub hf}) in the intermetallic compounds Gd(Ni,Pd,Cu)In Tb(Ni,Pd)In, Dy(Ni,Pd)In and Ho(Ni,Pd)In was studied by Perturbed Gamma-Gamma Angular Correlation spectroscopy. The measurements of B{sub hf} were carried out at the rare earth atom and in sites using the nuclear probes {sup 140}Ce and {sup 11}'1Cd respectively. The variation of hyperfine field with temperature, in most cases, follows the Brillouin function predicted from the molecular field theory. The hyperfine field values at rare earth atom sites obtained from {sup 140}Ce probe as well as at in sites obtained from {sup 111}Cd probe for each series of compounds were extrapolated to zero Kelvin B{sub hf}(T=0) from these curves. These values were compared with the values of the literature for other compounds containing the same rare earth element and all of them show a linear relationship with the ordering temperature. This indicates that the main contribution to B{sub hf} comes from the conduction electron polarization (CEP) through Fermi contact interaction and the principal mechanism of magnetic interaction in these compounds can be described by the RKKY type interaction. The values of B{sub hf}(T=0) for each family of intermetallic compounds RNiIn and RPdIn when plotted as a function of 4f spin projection of rare earth element also shows a linear relationship. Exceptions are the results for the compounds RNiIn obtained with {sup 111}Cd probe where a small deviation from linearity is observed. The results of the measurements carried out with the {sup 111}Cd probe were also analyzed to obtain the hyperfine parameters of the quadrupole interaction as a function of temperature for RPdln and GdNiIn compounds. The results show that for the compound GdPdIn there might be some Gd-In disorder at high temperature. (author)

  7. Sensitivity of magnetic properties to chemical pressure in lanthanide garnets Ln 3 A 2 X 3O12, Ln  =  Gd, Tb, Dy, Ho, A  =  Ga, Sc, In, Te, X  =  Ga, Al, Li

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mukherjee, P.; Sackville Hamilton, A. C.; Glass, H. F. J.; Dutton, S. E.

    2017-10-01

    A systematic study of the structural and magnetic properties of three-dimensionally frustrated lanthanide garnets Ln 3 A 2 X 3O12, Ln  =  Gd, Tb, Dy, Ho, A  =  Ga, Sc, In, Te, X  =  Ga, Al, Li is presented. Garnets with Ln  =  Gd show magnetic behaviour consistent with isotropic Gd3+ spins; no magnetic ordering is observed for T  ⩾  0.4 K. Magnetic ordering features are seen for garnets with Ln  =  Tb, Dy, Ho in the temperature range 0.4  <  T  <  2.5 K, however the nature of the magnetic ordering varies for the different Ln as well as for different combinations of A and X. The magnetic behaviour can be explained by tuning of the magnetic interactions and changes in the single-ion anisotropy. The change in magnetic entropy is evaluated from isothermal magnetisation measurements to characterise the magnetocaloric effect in these materials. Among the Gd garnets, the maximum change in magnetic entropy per mole (15.45 J K-1 molGd-1 ) is observed for Gd3Sc2Ga3O12 at 2 K, in a field of 9 T. The performance of Dy3Ga5O12 as a magnetocaloric material surpasses the other garnets with Ln  =  Tb, Dy, Ho.

  8. Tetranuclear hetero-metal [Co(II)2Ln(III)2] (Ln = Gd, Tb, Dy, Ho, La) complexes involving carboxylato bridges in a rare μ4-η(2):η(2) mode: synthesis, crystal structures, and magnetic properties.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Abtab, Sk Md Towsif; Majee, Mithun Chandra; Maity, Manoranjan; Titiš, Ján; Boča, Roman; Chaudhury, Muktimoy

    2014-02-03

    A new family of 3d-4f heterometal 2 × 2 complexes [Co(II)2(L)2(PhCOO)2Ln(III)2(hfac)4] (1-5) (Ln = Gd (compound 1), Tb (compound 2), Dy (compound 3), Ho (compound 4), and La (compound 5)) have been synthesized in moderate yields (48-63%) following a single-pot protocol using stoichiometric amounts (1:1 mol ratio) of [Co(II)(H2L)(PhCOO)2] (H2L = N,N'-dimethyl-N,N'-bis(2-hydroxy-3,5-dimethylbenzyl)ethylenediamine) as a metalloligand and [Ln(III)(hfac)3(H2O)2] (Hhfac = hexafluoroacetylacetone) as a lanthanide precursor compound. Also reported with this series is the Zn-Dy analog [Zn(II)2(L)2(PhCOO)2Dy(III)2(hfac)4] 6 to help us in understanding the magnetic properties of these compounds. The compounds 1-6 are isostructural. Both hexafluoroacetylacetonate and benzoate play crucial roles in these structures as coligands in generating a tetranuclear core of high thermodynamic stability through a self-assembly process. The metal centers are arranged alternately at the four corners of this rhombic core, and the carboxylato oxygen atoms of each benzoate moiety bind all of the four metal centers of this core in a rare μ4-η(2):η(2) bridging mode as confirmed by X-ray crystallography. The magnetic susceptibility and magnetization data confirm a paramagnetic behavior, and no remnant magnetization exists in any of these compounds at vanishing magnetic field. The metal centers are coupled in an antiferromagnetic manner in these compounds. The [Co(II)2Dy(III)2] compound exhibits a slow magnetic relaxation below 6 K, as proven by the AC susceptibility measurements; the activation energy reads U/kB = 8.8 K (τ0 = 2.0 × 10(-7) s) at BDC = 0, and U/kB = 7.8 K (τ0 = 3.9 × 10(-7) s) at BDC = 0.1 T. The [Zn(II)2Dy(III)2] compound also behaves as a single-molecule magnet with U/kB = 47.9 K and τ0 = 2.75 × 10(-7) s.

  9. Mononuclear lanthanide single molecule magnets based on the polyoxometalates [Ln(W5O18)2]9- and [Ln(beta2-SiW11O39)2]13- (Ln(III) = Tb, Dy, Ho, Er, Tm, and Yb).

    Science.gov (United States)

    AlDamen, Murad A; Cardona-Serra, Salvador; Clemente-Juan, Juan M; Coronado, Eugenio; Gaita-Ariño, Alejandro; Martí-Gastaldo, Carlos; Luis, Fernando; Montero, Oscar

    2009-04-20

    The first two families of polyoxometalate-based single-molecule magnets (SMMs) are reported here. Compounds of the general formula [Ln(W(5)O(18))(2)](9-) (Ln(III) = Tb, Dy, Ho, and Er) and [Ln(SiW(11)O(39))(2)](13-) (Ln(III) = Tb, Dy, Ho, Er, Tm, and Yb) have been magnetically characterized with static and dynamic measurements. Slow relaxation of the magnetization, typically associated with SMM-like behavior, was observed for [Ln(W(5)O(18))(2)](9-) (Ln(III) = Ho and Er) and [Ln(SiW(11)O(39))(2)](13-) (Ln(III) = Dy, Ho, Er, and Yb). Among them, only the [Er(W(5)O(18))(2)](9-) derivative exhibited such a behavior above 2 K with an energy barrier for the reversal of the magnetization of 55 K. For a deep understanding of the appearance of slow relaxation of the magnetization in these types of mononuclear complexes, the ligand-field parameters and the splitting of the J ground-state multiplet of the lanthanide ions have been also estimated.

  10. A Dy4 single-molecule magnet and its Gd(iii), Tb(iii), Ho(iii), and Er(iii) analogues encapsulated by an 8-hydroxyquinoline Schiff base derivative and β-diketonate coligand.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gao, Hong-Ling; Zhou, Xiao-Pu; Bi, Yan-Xia; Shen, Hai-Yun; Wang, Wen-Min; Wang, Ni-Ni; Chang, Yi-Xin; Zhang, Ru-Xia; Cui, Jian-Zhong

    2017-04-05

    Five new tetranuclear complexes based on an 8-hydroxyquinoline Schiff base derivative and the β-diketone coligand, [Ln4(acac)4L6(μ3-OH)2]·CH3CN·0.5CH2Cl2 (Ln = Gd (1), Tb (2), Dy (3), Ho (4) and Er (5); HL = 5-(benzylidene)amino-8-hydroxyquinoline; acac = acetylacetonate) have been synthesized, and structurally and magnetically characterized. Complexes 1-5 have similar tetranuclear structures. Each LnIII ion is eight coordinated and its coordination polyhedra can be described as being in a distorted square-antiprismatic geometry. The magnetic studies reveal that 1 features the magnetocaloric effect (MCE) with the magnetic entropy change of -ΔSm(T) = 25.08 J kg-1 K-1 at 2 K for ΔH = 7 T, and 3 displays the slow magnetic relaxation behavior of Single Molecule Magnets (SMMs) with the anisotropic barrier of 86.20 K and the pre-exponential factor τ0 = 2.99 × 10-8 s.

  11. Correlation between slow magnetic relaxation and the coordination structures of a family of linear trinuclear Zn(II)-Ln(III)-Zn(II) complexes (Ln = Tb, Dy, Ho, Er, Tm and Yb).

    Science.gov (United States)

    Maeda, Moe; Hino, Shiori; Yamashita, Kei; Kataoka, Yumiko; Nakano, Motohiro; Yamamura, Tomoo; Kajiwara, Takashi

    2012-11-28

    Six linear trinuclear [Ln{Zn(L)(AcO)}(2)]BPh(4) complexes (H(2)L denotes the Schiff-base ligand formed by a condensation reaction between ethylenediamine and two equivalents of o-vanillin), including Ln = Tb (1), Dy (2), Ho (3), Er (4), Tm (5) and Yb (6) were synthesized and were confirmed to be isostructural via X-ray crystallographic analyses. The Ln(III) ion in each complex is deca-coordinated by four equatorial oxygen donors from the methoxo groups of the Schiff-base ligands, two oxygen donors from the acetate anions and four axial oxygen donors from the phenoxo groups of the Schiff-base ligands. AC susceptibility measurements, with an oscillating frequency of 10 to 10,000 Hz, revealed that 1, 2, 4 and 6 show slow magnetic relaxation under a 1000 Oe DC bias field, which occurs via a single process, as confirmed by the semi-circular Cole-Cole plots. These complexes are considered to be field-induced single-molecule magnets under these conditions. The presence or absence of the slow magnetic relaxation process is discussed by correlating the characteristic magnetic anisotropy of each Ln(III) ion with the ligand field anisotropy.

  12. Systematic Study of a Family of Butterfly-Like {M2Ln2} Molecular Magnets (M = Mg(II), Mn(III), Co(II), Ni(II), and Cu(II); Ln = Y(III), Gd(III), Tb(III), Dy(III), Ho(III), and Er(III)).

    Science.gov (United States)

    Moreno Pineda, Eufemio; Chilton, Nicholas F; Tuna, Floriana; Winpenny, Richard E P; McInnes, Eric J L

    2015-06-15

    A family of 3d-4f [M(II)2Ln(III)2(μ3-OH)2(O2C(t)Bu)10](2-) "butterflies" (where M(II) = Mg, Co, Ni, and Cu; Ln(III) = Y, Gd, Tb, Dy, Ho, and Er) and [Mn(III)2Ln(III)2(μ3-O)2(O2C(t)Bu)10](2-) molecules (where Ln(III) = Y, Gd, Tb, Dy, Ho, and Er) has been synthesized and characterized through single-crystal X-ray diffraction, SQUID magnetometry, and ab initio calculations. All dysprosium- and some erbium-containing tetramers showed frequency-dependent maxima in the out-of-phase component of the susceptibility associated with slow relaxation of magnetization, and hence, they are single-molecule magnets (SMMs). AC susceptibility measurements have shown that the SMM behavior is entirely intrinsic to the Dy and Er sites and the magnitude of the energy barrier is influenced by the interactions between the 4f and the 3d metal. A trend is observed between the strength of the 3d-4f exchange interaction between and the maximum observed in the χ″M(T).

  13. Structural and magnetic studies on the new Laves phases RE(Co0.667Ga0.333)2 (RE = Gd, Tb, Dy, Ho, and Er). Magnetocaloric effect of Gd(Co0.667Ga0.333)2

    Science.gov (United States)

    Yuan, Fang; Greedan, John E.; Mozharivskyj, Yurij

    2017-11-01

    Several new MgZn2-type Laves phases with the P63/mmc symmetry and RE(Co0.667Ga0.333)2 stoichiometries (RE = Gd, Tb, Dy, Ho, and Er) were obtained by arc-melting and subsequent annealing. Single crystals with the MgZn2-type structure were extracted from the annealed RE(Co0.667Ga0.333)2 (RE = Gd, Tb, Dy, and Ho) alloys and Ga flux-grown Er(Co0.667Ga0.333)2 sample. Powder and single-crystal X-ray diffraction methods were used for the phase analysis and structural characterization. A decrease in the cell volume due to the lanthanide contraction is observed from Gd(Co0.667Ga0.333)2 to Er(Co0.667Ga0.333)2. RE atoms occupy the 4f site, while Co and Ga are in the 2a and 6h sites. Magnetic behavior of the hexagonal MgZn2-type RE(Co0.667Ga0.333)2 phases strongly depends on the RE. Apparent ferromagnetic transition is observed for RE = Gd, Tb, and Dy, while the other two phases (RE = Ho, and Er) seem to be ferrimagnetic. Magnetocaloric properties of the Gd(Co0.667Ga0.333)2 phase were measured; the small isothermal magnetic entropy change (ΔSiso) value of -4.94 J/kgK at 152 K and for a ΔH = 0-50 kOe field change suggests a conventional magnetocaloric effect.

  14. Polyoxopalladates encapsulating yttrium and lanthanide ions, [X(III)Pd(II)12(AsPh)8O32]5- (X=Y, Pr, Nd, Sm, Eu, Gd, Tb, Dy, Ho, Er, Tm, Yb, Lu).

    Science.gov (United States)

    Barsukova, Maria; Izarova, Natalya V; Biboum, Rosa Ngo; Keita, Bineta; Nadjo, Louis; Ramachandran, Vasanth; Dalal, Naresh S; Antonova, Nadya S; Carbó, Jorge J; Poblet, Josep M; Kortz, Ulrich

    2010-08-09

    A series of novel yttrium- and lanthanide-containing heteropolyoxopalladates have been prepared and isolated as hydrated sodium salts, Na(5)[X(III)Pd(II)(12)(AsPh)(8)O(32)]y H(2)O (X=Y (1), Pr (2), Nd (3), Sm (4), Eu (5), Gd (6), Tb (7), Dy (8), Ho (9), Er (10), Tm (11), Yb (12), Lu (13); y=15-27). The polyanions [X(III)Pd(II)(12)(AsPh)(8)O(32)](5-) consist of a cuboid framework of twelve Pd(II) ions with eight phenylarsonate heterogroups located at the vertices and a central guest ion X. The compounds 1-13 have been prepared in a simple one-pot self-assembly reaction of Pd(CH(3)COO)(2), phenylarsonic acid and the respective salt of the element X in 0.5 M aqueous sodium acetate solution (pH 6.9), and characterized in the solid state by single-crystal X-ray diffraction, elemental and thermogravimetric (TGA) analyses, and IR spectroscopy. It was demonstrated that small, medium, and also large lanthanide ions can be incorporated in the center of the novel heteropolypalladate [X(III)Pd(II)(12)(AsPh)(8)O(32)](5-). The Ln-O bond lengths follow the expected trend decreasing from left to right in the lanthanide series. This indicates that the {Pd(II)(12)O(32)} shell can adjust to the coordination requirements of the encapsulated guest cation. Compounds 3 and 5 were selected for electrochemical studies. Their cyclic voltammetry in a lithium acetate buffer at pH 5.9 showed a Pd(0) deposition process on the glassy carbon electrode surface. Coulometry indicated that all Pd(II) centers were reduced to Pd(0). The film was stable and could be taken out of the deposition medium and characterized in pure pH 5.9 buffer. Magnetic susceptibility and EPR measurements were carried out on 5 and 6. The former was confirmed to be diamagnetic and the latter strongly paramagnetic with a S=7/2 ground state. DFT calculations for some of the polyoxometalates have been also performed.

  15. Magnetocaloric effects of binary rare earth mononitrides, Gd {sub x}Tb{sub 1-x}N and Tb {sub x}Ho{sub 1-x}N

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Nakagawa, Takashi [Department of Nuclear Engineering, Graduate School of Engineering, Osaka University, Yamadaoka 2-1, Suita, Osaka 565-0871 (Japan)]. E-mail: nakagawa@mit.eng.osaka-u.ac.jp; Sako, Kengo [Department of Nuclear Engineering, Graduate School of Engineering, Osaka University, Yamadaoka 2-1, Suita, Osaka 565-0871 (Japan); Arakawa, Takayuki [Department of Nuclear Engineering, Graduate School of Engineering, Osaka University, Yamadaoka 2-1, Suita, Osaka 565-0871 (Japan); Tomioka, Naoto [Department of Nuclear Engineering, Graduate School of Engineering, Osaka University, Yamadaoka 2-1, Suita, Osaka 565-0871 (Japan); Yamamoto, Takao A. [Department of Nuclear Engineering, Graduate School of Engineering, Osaka University, Yamadaoka 2-1, Suita, Osaka 565-0871 (Japan); Kamiya, Koji [Tsukuba Magnet Laboratory, National Institute for Materials Science, Tsukuba, Ibaraki 305-0003 (Japan); Numazawa, Takenori [Tsukuba Magnet Laboratory, National Institute for Materials Science, Tsukuba, Ibaraki 305-0003 (Japan)

    2006-02-09

    We have synthesized Gd {sub x}Tb{sub 1-x}N and Tb {sub x}Ho{sub 1-x}N (x = 0, 0.25, 0.5, 0.75 and 1) by the carbothermic reduction performed in a nitrogen gas stream. GdN and TbN have been completely miscible with each other as well as TbN and HoN. As x was changed from 0 to 1, the Curie temperature increased monotonously from 18.5 to 43.8 K for Tb {sub x}Ho{sub 1-x}N and from 43.8 to 61.2 K for Gd {sub x}Tb{sub 1-x}N. The magnetocaloric effects have been evaluated by calculating the magnetic entropy changes from the magnetization data sets measured at different applied fields and temperatures. In any composition x, the magnetocaloric effects of Gd {sub x}Tb{sub 1-x}N and Tb {sub x}Ho{sub 1-x}N are larger than those of Gd {sub x}Dy{sub 1-x}N. Therefore, Gd {sub x}Tb{sub 1-x}N and Tb {sub x}Ho{sub 1-x}N are promising magnetic refrigerant materials for hydrogen liquefying system working below liquid nitrogen temperature.

  16. Synthesis, structure, and magnetic properties of a new family of tetra-nuclear {Mn2(III)Ln2}(Ln = Dy, Gd, Tb, Ho) clusters with an arch-type topology: single-molecule magnetism behavior in the dysprosium and terbium analogues.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Chandrasekhar, Vadapalli; Bag, Prasenjit; Speldrich, Manfred; van Leusen, Jan; Kögerler, Paul

    2013-05-06

    Sequential reaction of Mn(II) and lanthanide(III) salts with a new multidentate ligand, 2,2'-(2-hydroxy-3-methoxy-5-methylbenzylazanediyl)diethanol (LH3), containing two flexible ethanolic arms, one phenolic oxygen, and a methoxy group afforded heterometallic tetranuclear complexes [Mn2Dy2(LH)4(μ-OAc)2](NO3)2·2CH3OH·3H2O (1), [Mn2Gd2(LH)4(μ-OAc)2](NO3)2·2CH3OH·3H2O (2), [Mn2Tb2(LH)4(μ-OAc)2](NO3)2·2H2O·2CH3OH·Et2O (3), and [Mn2Ho2(LH)4(μ-OAc)2]Cl2·5CH3OH (4). All of these dicationic complexes possess an arch-like structural topology containing a central Mn(III)-Ln-Ln-Mn(III) core. The two central lanthanide ions are connected via two phenolate oxygen atoms. The remaining ligand manifold assists in linking the central lanthanide ions with the peripheral Mn(III) ions. Four doubly deprotonated LH(2-) chelating ligands are involved in stabilizing the tetranuclear assembly. A magnetochemical analysis reveals that single-ion effects dominate the observed susceptibility data for all compounds, with comparably weak Ln···Ln and very weak Ln···Mn(III) couplings. The axial, approximately square-antiprismatic coordination environment of the Ln(3+) ions in 1-4 causes pronounced zero-field splitting for Tb(3+), Dy(3+), and Ho(3+). For 1 and 3, the onset of a slowing down of the magnetic relaxation was observed at temperatures below approximately 5 K (1) and 13 K (3) in frequency-dependent alternating current (AC) susceptibility measurements, yielding effective relaxation energy barriers of ΔE = 16.8 cm(-1) (1) and 33.8 cm(-1) (3).

  17. Measurement of cross sections producing short-lived nuclei by 14 MeV neutron. Br, Te, Dy, Ho, Yb

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Sakane, H.; Matsumoto, T.; Yamamoto, H.; Kawade, K. [Nagoya Univ. (Japan); Iida, T.; Takahashi, A.

    1997-03-01

    Nine neutron activation cross sections producing the nuclei with half-lives between 2 min and 57 min have been measured at energy range between 13.4 and 14.9 MeV for Br, Te, Dy, Ho, Yb. The cross sections of {sup 81}Br(n,p){sup 81m}Se, {sup 128}Te(n,p){sup 128m}Sb, {sup 128}Te(n,{alpha}){sup 125m}Sn, {sup 164}Dy(n,p){sup 164}Tb, {sup 165}Ho(n,{alpha}){sup 162}Tb, {sup 176}Yb(n,p){sup 176}Tm were newly obtained at the six energy points between 13.4-14.9 MeV, although the previous results have been obtained at one energy point. {sup 79}Br(n,2n){sup 78}Br, {sup 164}Dy(n,p){sup 164}Tb are compared with evaluated data of JENDL-3.2. The evaluations for these reactions agree reasonably well with experimental results. The cross sections of (n,p) reaction are compared with systematics by Kasugai et. al. The systematics agrees with experimental results. (author)

  18. Sulfate Exchange of the Nitrate-Type Layered Hydroxide Nanosheets of Ln2(OH)5NO3· nH2O for Better Dispersed and Multi-color Luminescent Ln2O3 Nanophosphors (Ln = Y0.98RE0.02, RE = Pr, Sm, Eu, Tb, Dy, Ho, Er, and Tm)

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wu, Xiaoli; Liu, Weigang; Li, Ji-Guang; Zhu, Qi; Li, Xiaodong; Sun, Xudong

    2016-07-01

    Through restricting thickness growth by performing coprecipitation at the freezing temperature of ~4 °C, solid-solution nanosheets (up to 5-nm thick) of the Ln2(OH)5NO3· nH2O layered hydroxide (Ln = Y0.98RE0.02; RE = Pr, Sm, Eu, Tb, Dy, Ho, Er, and Tm, respectively) were directly synthesized without performing conventional exfoliation. In situ exchange of the interlayer NO3 - with SO4 2- produced a sulfate derivative [Ln2(OH)5(SO4)0.5· nH2O] of the same layered structure and two-dimensional crystallite morphology but substantially contracted d 002 basal spacing (from ~0.886 to 0.841 nm). The sulfate derivative was systematically compared against its nitrate parent in terms of crystal structure and phase/morphology evolution upon heating. It is shown that the interlayer SO4 2-, owing to its bonding with the hydroxide main layer, significantly raises the decomposition temperature from ~600 to 1000 °C to yield remarkably better dispersed oxide nanopowders via a monoclinic Ln2O2SO4 intermediate. The resultant (Y0.98RE0.02)2O3 nanophosphors were studied for their photoluminescence to show that the emission color, depending on RE3+, spans a wide range in the Commission Internationale de l'Eclairage (CIE) chromaticity diagram, from blue to deep red via green, yellow, orange, and orange red.

  19. Fluorescence dynamics of Tb 3+ and Tb 3+/Ho 3+ doped phosphate glasses

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rai, S.; Hazarika, S.

    2008-05-01

    UV absorption and fluorescence analysis of Tb 3+ in phosphate glass is carried out by Judd-Ofelt method with emphasis on the 5D→7F lasing transition. Branching ratios, peak emission cross-sections for 5D→7( level of Tb 3+ are calculated using Judd-Ofelt intensity parameters. Furthermore, fluorescence dynamics of the 5D level of Tb 3+ ion in phosphate glasses co-doped with Ho 3+ were experimentally investigated with classical Forster-Dexter model for direct cross-relaxation type energy transfer between Tb 3+ (donor) and Ho 3+ (acceptor). The energy transfer rates between Tb 3+ and Ho 3+ in phosphate glasses were calculated on the basis of experimental measurements. These measurements were performed for 1 wt.% of Tb 3+ and Ho 3+ concentration ranging from 0 to 3 wt.%. The results show that energy transfer occurs between the 5D 4 terbium and 5F 3 holmium levels and is a phonon-assisted dipole-dipole interaction.

  20. Therapeutical radiopharmaceuticals based In vivo generator system [{sup 166} Dy] Dy/{sup 166} Ho; Radiofarmacos terapeuticos basados en un sistema de generador In vivo [{sup 166}Dy] Dy/{sup 166}Ho

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Ferro F, G.; Garcia S, L.; Monroy G, F.; Tendilla, J.I. [Gerencia de Aplicaciones Nucleares en la Salud, ININ, A.P. 18-1027, 11801 Mexico D.F. (Mexico); Pedraza L, M.; Murphy, C.A. de [Departamento de Medicina Nuclear, Instituto Nacional de Pediatria, Mexico D.F. (Mexico)

    2002-07-01

    At the idea to administer to a patient a molecule containing in it structure a father radionuclide, with a half life enough large which allows to the radiolabelled molecule to take up position specifically in a white tissue and decaying In vivo to the daughter radionuclide with properties potentially therapeutic, it is known as In vivo generator system. In this work the preparation and the preliminary dosimetric valuations of radiopharmaceuticals based In vivo generator system {sup 166} Dy Dy/{sup 166} Ho for applications in radioimmunotherapy, in the treatment of the rheumatoid arthritis and in the bone marrow ablation (m.o.) for candidates patients to bone marrow transplant are presented. (Author)

  1. Synthesis, structures, and luminescent properties of sodium rare-earth metal(III) chloride oxotellurates(IV), Na{sub 2}Ln{sub 3}Cl{sub 3}[TeO{sub 3}]{sub 4} (Ln = Sm, Eu, Gd, Tb, Dy, and Ho)

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Charkin, Dmitri O.; Dorofeev, Sergey G.; Berdonosov, Peter S.; Dolgikh, Valery A. [Department of Chemistry, Lomonosov Moscow State University (Russian Federation); Zitzer, Sabine; Greiner, Stefan; Schleid, Thomas [Institut fuer Anorganische Chemie, Universitaet Stuttgart (Germany); Olenev, Andrei V. [Department of Chemistry, Lomonosov Moscow State University (Russian Federation); Sine Theta Ltd., Moscow (Russian Federation)

    2017-11-17

    Six sodium rare-earth metal(III) chloride oxotellurates(IV), Na{sub 2}Ln{sub 3}Cl{sub 3}[TeO{sub 3}]{sub 4}, isostructural to Na{sub 2}Y{sub 3}Cl{sub 3}[TeO{sub 3}]{sub 4}, were synthesized by flux techniques and characterized by single-crystal XRD. The compounds crystallize in the monoclinic space group C2/c with lattice constants a = 23.967(1), b = 5.6342(3), c = 16.952(1) Aa, β = 134.456(5) for Ln = Sm, a = 23.932(2), b = 5.6044(5), c = 17.134(1) Aa, β = 135.151(6) for Ln = Eu, a = 23.928(1), b = 5.5928(1), c = 17.1133(8) Aa, β = 135.366(3) for Ln = Gd, a = 23.907(1), b = 5.569(3), c = 16.745(1) Aa, β = 134.205(3) for Ln = Tb, a = 23.870(1), b = 5.547(3), c = 16.665(1) Aa, β = 134.102(3) for Ln = Dy, and a = 23.814(1), b = 5.526(3), c = 16.626(1) Aa, β = 134.016(3) for Ln = Ho and Z = 4. Their crystal structure can be considered as a framework built of intergrowing Ln-O and Na-(O,Cl) slabs with channel walls decorated by tellurium atoms of [TeO{sub 3}]{sup 2-} groups. The luminescent properties of the new compounds due to the Ln{sup 3+} cations are described and discussed. We also discuss the crystal chemistry of various alkali-metal rare-earth metal(III) halide oxochalcogenates(IV). (copyright 2017 WILEY-VCH Verlag GmbH and Co. KGaA, Weinheim)

  2. Synthesis, structural characterization and Mössbauer study of LnV{sub 0.5}Fe{sub 0.5}O{sub 3} perovskites (Ln = Y, La, Ce, Pr, Nd, Sm, Eu, Gd, Tb, Dy, Ho and Er)

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Ivashita, Flávio F.; Biondo, Valdecir; Bellini, Jusmar V.; Paesano, Andrea [Departamento de Física, Universidade Estadual de Maringá, Av. Colombo 5790, 87.020-900 Maringá, PR (Brazil); Blanco, M. Cecilia; Fuertes, Valeria C.; Pannunzio-Miner, Elisa V. [INFIQC-CONICET, Departamento de Fisicoquímica, Facultad de Ciencias Químicas, Universidad Nacional de Córdoba, X5000HUA Córdoba (Argentina); Carbonio, Raúl E., E-mail: carbonio@fcq.unc.edu.ar [INFIQC-CONICET, Departamento de Fisicoquímica, Facultad de Ciencias Químicas, Universidad Nacional de Córdoba, X5000HUA Córdoba (Argentina)

    2012-09-15

    Graphical abstract: Mössbauer spectra taken at 200 K for the Y(V{sub 0.5}Fe{sub 0.5})O{sub 3} orthoferrivanadate synthesized by arc-melting. Highlights: ► LnFe{sub 0.5}V{sub 0.5}O{sub 3} were synthesized by the first time for most of the rare-earth elements. ► These orthoferrivanadates crystallize metastably with the perovskite structure. ► Iron and vanadium are trivalent stabilized in these solid solutions. ► The Mössbauer quadrupolar splitting is correlated with the tolerance factor. ► Below 100 K, these perovskites undergo a crystallographic phase transformation. -- Abstract: Perovskites LnV{sub 0.5}Fe{sub 0.5}O{sub 3} (Ln = Y, La, Ce, Pr, Nd, Sm, Eu, Gd, Tb, Dy, Ho and Er) were synthesized by rapid solidification from arc-melted samples and characterized by the study of their crystal structure and hyperfine properties. These metastable solid solutions crystallized in the Pbnm symmetry, with the iron and vanadium cations randomly distributed in the transition metal octahedral sites. Depending on the lanthanide present at the A site of the perovskite, iron is present with two valences (i.e., Fe{sup 3+} and Fe{sup 2+}). The volume of the unit cell for these perovskites increases linearly with the lanthanide ionic radius, as the perovskite approaches its ideal structure. At room temperature, the quadrupolar splitting of the trivalent paramagnetic Mössbauer component works as an indirect measurement for the Goldshmidt tolerance factor. Close to or below 100 K, these perovskites undergo a crystallographic phase transformation, probably due to orbital ordering of the V{sup 3+} cations, originating two different magnetic iron sites.

  3. Exchange coupling in TbCu and DyCu single-molecule magnets and related lanthanide and vanadium analogs.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ishida, Takayuki; Watanabe, Ryo; Fujiwara, Kei; Okazawa, Atsushi; Kojima, Norimichi; Tanaka, Go; Yoshii, Shunsuke; Nojiri, Hiroyuki

    2012-11-28

    Heterometallic coordination compounds [Cu(II)(L)(C(3)H(6)O)Ln(III)(NO(3))(3)] and [V(IV)O(L)(C(3)H(6)O)Ln(III)(NO(3))(3)] (abbreviated as LnCu and LnV, respectively; H(2)L = N,N'-bis(3-methoxysalicylidene)-1,3-diamino-2,2-dimethylpropane; Ln = Gd, Tb, Dy, Ho, and Er) were synthesized, and the X-ray crystallographic analysis shows that their structures are isomorphous for each series. The single-molecule magnet behavior was observed for TbCu and DyCu, and the activation energies of magnetization reversal were 42.3(4) and 11.5(10) K, respectively. The magnetic exchange couplings in LnCu and LnV were precisely evaluated by means of combined high-frequency EPR and pulsed-field magnetization studies, to give J(Tb-Cu)/k(B)≥ 3.3 K, J(Dy-Cu)/k(B) = 1.63(1) K, J(Ho-Cu)/k(B) = 1.09(2) K, and J(Er-Cu)/k(B) = 0.24(1) K. A monotonic decrease of ferromagnetic J(Ln-Cu) was found in the order of the atomic number, (64)Gd to (68)Er. The corresponding exchange parameters in LnV are smaller than those of the Cu derivatives, and J(Gd-V) was antiferromagnetic (-3.0 K determined from the magnetization jump). A possible mechanism for the exchange coupling and chemical trend is discussed.

  4. Eu-, Tb-, and Dy-Doped Oxyfluoride Silicate Glasses for LED Applications

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Zhu, C.F.; Wang, J.; Zhang, M.M.

    2014-01-01

    Luminescence glass is a potential candidate for the light-emitting diodes (LEDs) applications. Here, we study the structural and optical properties of the Eu-, Tb-, and Dy-doped oxyfluoride silicate glasses for LEDs by means of X-ray diffraction, photoluminescence spectra, Commission Internationale...... de L’Eclairage (CIE) chromaticity coordinates, and correlated color temperatures (CCTs). The results show that the white light emission can be achieved in Eu/Tb/Dy codoped oxyfluoride silicate glasses under excitation by near-ultraviolet light due to the simultaneous generation of blue, green, yellow......, and red-light wavelengths from Tb, Dy, and Eu ions. The optical performances can be tuned by varying the glass composition and excitation wavelength. Furthermore, we observed a remarkable emission spectral change for the Tb3+ single-doped oxyfluoride silicate glasses. The 5D3 emission of Tb3+ can...

  5. Photo-control of the magnetic properties of Dy(III) and Ho(III) homometal coordination polymers bridged by a diarylethene ligand.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cosquer, Goulven; Morimoto, Masakazu; Irie, Masahiro; Fetoh, Ahmed; Breedlove, Brian K; Yamashita, Masahiro

    2015-04-07

    Two-dimensional Dy(III) and Ho(III) homometal coordination polymers containing the photochromic ligand 1,2-bis(5-carboxyl-2-methyl-3-thienyl)perfluorocyclopentene (DTE) with the general formula [Ln2(DTE)3(bipyridine)2(H2O)2]n (Ln = Dy and Ho) were obtained, and the magnetic properties of their open (Dy-o and Ho-o) and closed forms (Dy-c and Ho-c) were investigated. The Dy complexes exhibited slow magnetic relaxation without an external dc field. The magnetic properties of the Dy complexes were irreversibly affected by the conformation of the ligand.

  6. Electrical transport and magnetic ordering in R2Ti3Ge4 (R = Dy, Ho ...

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    Abstract. New R2Ti3Ge4 (R = Dy, Ho and Er) intermetallic compounds have been synthesized and characterized by X-ray diffraction and low temperature ac magnetic susceptibility, electrical re- sistivity and thermoelectric power measurements were carried out. The compounds crystallize in the parent, Sm5Ge4-type ...

  7. Improvement of Thermal Stability of Nd-Tb-Fe-Co-B Sintered Magnets by Additions of Pr, Ho, Al, and Cu

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    A. A. Lukin

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available The present work investigates the influence of Pr, Al, Cu, B and Ho which were introduced into the Co-containing sintered magnets of Nd-Dy-Tb-Fe-Co-B type on the magnetic parameters (α, Hci, Br, BHmax⁡. The effect of heat treatment parameters on magnetic properties was also studied. It was revealed that the essential alloying of NdFeB magnets by such elements as Dy, Tb, Ho, Co as well as by boron-forming elements, for example, by titanium, may lead to reducing of F-phase quantity, and, as a consequence, to decreasing of magnetic parameters. It was also shown that additional doping of such alloys by Pr, B, Al and Cu leads to a significant increase of the quantity of F-phase in magnets as well as solubility of the Dy, Tb, Ho and Co in it. This promotes the increase of magnetic parameters. It was possible to attain the following properties for the magnets (Nd0,15Pr0,35Tb0,25Ho0,2515(Fe0,71Co0,29bal ⋅ Al0,9Cu0,1B8,5 (at. % after optimal thermal treatment {1175 K (3,6–7,2 ks with slow (12–16 ks cooling to 675 K and subsequently remaining at T=775 K for 3,6 ks—hardening}: Br=0,88 T, Hci=1760 kA/m, BHmax⁡=144 kJ/m3, α<|0,01|%/K in the temperature interval 223–323 K.

  8. Yellow laser performance of Dy$^{3+}$ in co-doped Dy,Tb:LiLuF$_4$

    CERN Document Server

    Bolognesi, Giacomo; Calonico, Davide; Costanzo, Giovanni Antonio; Levi, Filippo; Metz, Philip Werner; Kränkel, Christian; Huber, Günter; Tonelli, Mauro

    2015-01-01

    We present laser results obtained from a Dy$^{3+}$-Tb$^{3+}$ co-doped LiLuF$_{4}$ crystal, pumped by a blue emitting InGaN laser diode, aiming for the generation of a compact 578 nm source. We exploit the yellow Dy$^{3+}$ transition $^{4}$F$_{9/2}$ $\\Longrightarrow$ $^{6}$H$_{13/2}$ to generate yellow laser emission. The lifetime of the lower laser level is quenched via energy transfer to co-doped Tb$^{3+}$ ions in the fluoride crystal. We report the growth technique, spectroscopic study and room temperature continuous wave (cw) laser results in a hemispherical cavity at 574 nm and with a highly reflective output coupler at 578 nm. A yellow laser at 578 nm is very relevant for metrological applications, in particular for pumping of the forbidden $^{1}$S$_{0} \\Longrightarrow ^{3}$P$_{0}$ Ytterbium clock transition, which is recommended as a secondary representation of the second in the international system (SI) of units. This paper was published in Optics Letters and is made available as an electronic reprint ...

  9. Effect of Rare Earth Elements Burning Loss on Microstructure and Properties in TbDyFe

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    DENG Zhong-hua

    2016-08-01

    Full Text Available In order to simulate low vacuum experimental environment,Tb0.27Dy0.73Fe1.91 alloy round bars were prepared through melting with Tb, Dy and Fe elements, directional solidification and heat treatment in low vacuum environment. The magnetostriction of the alloy rods was tested. The microstructures and the causes of defects in the alloy were investigated. The results indicate that under the low vacuum experimental environment, there are plenty of twin dendritic lamellar microstructures and ordinary twin microstructures are generated in alloy, among which the mechanical properties and "jump" effect of twin dendritic lamellar structures are good, while the ordinary twins are bad to the magnetostrictive property in the alloy. REFe2 and REFe3 coupling phase is the main phase in the matrix, the burning loss of rare earth elements lead variations in chemical composition, resulting coupling growth with REFe3 phase and REFe2 phase. The thermal stress and the burning loss of rare earth elements segregate at grain boundaries resulting in the presence of micro-cracks and micro-holes. These microstructures and defects generate bad impact on mechanical properties and magnetostriction of TbDyFe alloy rods.

  10. Magnetic structures in RNi₄B (R=Nd, Tb, Ho, Er)

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Alleno, E., E-mail: eric.alleno@icmpe.cnrs.fr [ICMPE, UMR 7182 CNRS-UPEC, 2 rue Henri Dunant, 94320 Thiais (France); Mazumdar, C. [Saha Institute of Nuclear Physics, Sector-1, Block-AF, 700064 Kolkata (India)

    2013-06-01

    Neutron diffraction has been performed on RNi₄B (R=Nd, Tb, Ho, Er) polycrystals. The orthorhombic structure for NdNi₄B and the CeCo₄B structure type (hexagonal) for TbNi₄B and HoNi₄B are confirmed. Our data also show that this last structure is currently the best approximant for ErNi₄B. The RNi₄B (R=Nd, Tb, Ho, Er) order ferromagnetically at respectively 11.0, 18.1, 6.2 and 10.0 K. The crystal electric field (CEF) interaction controls the magnetic anisotropy in this series leading to an easy axis ~30 deg above the basal plane in RNi₄B (R=Nd, Tb, Ho) and parallel to the c-axis in ErNi₄B at 1.6 K. The RNi₄B (R=Nd, Tb, Ho) display a spin re-orientation below Tc which arises from a competition between the second order term and the higher order terms of the CEF hamiltonian. - Graphical abstract: Simplified magnetic structure in NdNi₄B and full magnetic structure in RNi₄B (R=Tb, Ho). Variation with temperature of the easy magnetization axis direction (angle with c-axis) showing a spin re-orientation. Highlights: • RNi₄B (R=Nd, Tb, Ho, Er) polycrystals were inductively melted. • Neutron diffraction confirms they all order ferromagnetically. • The magnetization easy axis is parallel to the c-axis in ErNi₄B. • The RNi₄B (R=Nd, Tb, Ho) display a spin re-orientation below Tc. • Their easy axis tilts from the c-axis at Tc to ~30 deg above the basal plane at 1.5 K.

  11. Magnetostriction and thermal expansion of high T c magnetic superconductors REBa 2Cu 3O 7- x ( RE = Eu, Sm, Gd, Dy, Ho, Er, TmandY) Gd, Dy, Ho, Er, Tm and Y)

    Science.gov (United States)

    Del Moral, A.; Ibarra, M. R.; Arnaudas, J. I.; Algarabel, P. A.; Marquina, C.; Morán, E.; Alario, M. A.

    1988-12-01

    Thermal expansion and magnetostriction measurements for REBa 2Cu 3O 7 -x superconductors are reported, up to 2.4 T and down to 3.8 K. Anisotropic striction is negligible, except for Dy and Ho compounds where is of single-ion origin. Volume striction displays similar order of magnitude and thermal variation, and it is weak (except for Dy compound) pointing to a "host" diamagnetic lattice origin.

  12. Investigation of complexes with bone affinity using the In vivo generator system {sup 166} Dy/{sup 166} Ho; Investigacion de complejos con afinidad osea utilizando el Sistema de Generador in vivo {sup 166} Dy/{sup 166} Ho

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Pedraza L, M

    2006-07-01

    The importance of this original research lies in the fact that it has proven that the [{sup 166}Dy]Dy/{sup 166}Ho-EDTMP in vivo generator system is a stable complex that can be used as a therapeutic radiopharmaceutical. Multiple myeloma and other hematological malignancies have been treated by myeloablative radiotherapy/chemotherapy and subsequent stem cell transplantation. Bone-seeking radiopharmaceuticals such as {sup 166}Ho-DOTMP or {sup 153}Sm-DTMP, have been proposed for delivering ablative radiation doses to marrow in multiple myeloma and other hematological malignancies or have shown excellent results in palliative bone metastasis pain therapy, respectively. As lanthanides have similar chemical characteristics the phosphonate with bone affinity (EDTMP) labeled with Dy/Ho can be used for marrow ablation while causing minimal irradiation to normal organs. This in vivo generator system has not been previously reported. The aim of this research was to label EDTMP (ethylene diamine tetramethylene phosphonate) with {sup 166}Dy/{sup 166}Ho; to evaluate the in vitro and in vivo stability of both {sup 166}Dy-EDTMP and {sup 166}Ho-EDTMP complexes when the daughter {sup 166}Ho is formed as a dysprosium decay product; to determine the bone marrow cytotoxic and genotoxic effect in mice and to evaluate, by histopathology, the myeloablative potential of the [{sup 166}Dy]Dy/{sup 166}Ho-EDTMP in vivo generator system. {sup 166}Dy was obtained by neutron irradiation of enriched {sup 164}Dy{sub 2}O{sub 3} in a TRIGA Mark III reactor. Labeling was carried out in an aqueous phosphate medium at pH 8.0 by addition of {sup 166}DyCl{sub 3} to EDTMP at a molar ratio 1:1.75, with >99 % radiochemical purity, as determined by thin-layer chromatography (TLC) and high-performance liquid chromatography (HPLC). In vitro studies demonstrated that {sup 166}Dy/{sup 166}Ho-EDTMP is unstable after dilution in saline but stable in human serum with no translocation of the daughter nucleus

  13. Preparation of {sup 166} Dy/{sup 166} Ho DTPA-bis biotin as a system of In vivo generator; Preparacion de {sup 166} Dy/{sup 166} Ho DTPA-bis biotina como un sistema de generador In vivo

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Jimenez V, M.R

    2003-07-01

    The objective of this work was to synthesize the complex {sup 166} Dy/{sup 166} Ho - diethylen triamine pentaacetic-bis Biotin ({sup 166} Dy/{sup 166} Ho DTPA-bis Biotin) to evaluate its potential as a new radiopharmaceutical in directed radiotherapy. The Dysprosium-166 was obtained for neutron irradiation of {sup 164} Dy{sub 2}0{sub 3} in the TRIGA Mark III reactor. The labelled was carried out in aqueous solution to p H 8.0 for addition of {sup 166} Dy Cl{sub 3} to the diethylen triamine pentaacetic-{alpha}, {omega}-bis Biotin (DTPA-bis Biotin). The radiochemical purity was determined for HPLC and ITLC. The biological integrity of the marked biotin is evaluated by the biological recognition of the avidin for HPLC - molecular exclusion with and without avidin addition. The studies of stability in vitro were made in dilutions of saline solution to 0.9% and with human serum at 37 C incubated 1 and 24 hours. The complex {sup 166} Dy/{sup 166} Ho DTPA-bis Biotin was obtained with a radiochemical purity of 99.1 {+-} 0.6%. The biological recognition of the complex {sup 166} Dy/{sup 166} Ho DTPA-bis Biotin for the avidin it doesn't affect the labelling procedure. The studies in vitro demonstrated that the {sup 166} Dy/{sup 166} Ho DTPA-bis Biotin is stable after the dilution in saline solution and in human serum that there is not translocation of the one radionuclide subsequent son to the beta decay of the {sup 166} Dy that could produce the {sup 166} Ho{sup 3+} liberation. The studies of Biodistribution in healthy mice demonstrated that the one complex {sup 166} Dy/{sup 166} Ho DTPA-bis Biotin have a high renal distribution. In conclusion the radiolabelled biotin in this investigation has the appropriate properties to be used as an In vivo generator system stable for directed radiotherapy. (Author)

  14. Cytotoxic and genotoxic effect of the [{sup 166}Dy]Dy/{sup 166}Ho-EDTMP in vivo generator system in mice

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Pedraza-Lopez, Martha [Departamento de Medicina Nuclear, Instituto Nacional de Ciencias Medicas y Nutricion, Salvador Zubiran, Delegacion Tlalpan, Mexico DF 14000 (Mexico); Ferro-Flores, Guillermina [Instituto Nacional de Investigaciones Nucleares, Carretera Mexico-Toluca, Ocoyoacac, Estado de Mexico, CP 52045 (Mexico); Arteaga de Murphy, Consuelo [Departamento de Medicina Nuclear, Instituto Nacional de Ciencias Medicas y Nutricion, Salvador Zubiran, Delegacion Tlalpan, Mexico DF 14000 (Mexico)]. E-mail: consuelo_murphy@yahoo.com.mx; Morales-Ramirez, Pedro [Instituto Nacional de Investigaciones Nucleares, Carretera Mexico-Toluca, Ocoyoacac, Estado de Mexico, CP 52045 (Mexico); Piedras-Ross, Josefa [Departamento de Medicina Nuclear, Instituto Nacional de Ciencias Medicas y Nutricion, Salvador Zubiran, Delegacion Tlalpan, Mexico DF 14000 (Mexico); Murphy-Stack, Eduardo [Hospital Santaelena, Mexico DF (Mexico); Hernandez-Oviedo, Omar [Escuela Superior de Fisica y Matematicas, IPN, Mexico DF (Mexico)

    2004-11-01

    Multiple myeloma and other hematological malignancies have been treated by myeloablative radiotherapy/chemotherapy and subsequent stem cell transplantation. [{sup 166}Dy]Dy/{sup 166}Ho-ethylenediaminetetramethylene phosphonate (EDTMP) forms a stable in vivo generator system with selective skeletal uptake in mice; therefore, it could work as a potential and improved agent for marrow ablation. Induced bone marrow cytotoxicity and genotoxicity are determined by the reduction of reticulocytes (RET) and elevation of micronucleated reticulocyte (MN-RET) in peripheral blood and ablation by bone marrow histological studies. The aim of this study was to determine the bone marrow cytotoxic and genotoxic effect of the [{sup 166}Dy]Dy/{sup 166}Ho-EDTMP in vivo generator system in mice and to evaluate by histopathology its myeloablative potential. Enriched {sup 166}Dy{sub 2}O{sub 3} was irradiated and [{sup 166}Dy]DyCl{sub 3} was added to EDTMP in phosphate buffer (pH 8.0) in a molar ratio of 1:1.75. QC was determined by TLC. Dy-EDTMP complex was prepared the same way with nonirradiated dysprosium oxide. A group of BALB/c mice were intraperitoneally injected with the radiopharmaceutical and two groups of control animals were injected with the cold complex and with 0.9% sodium chloride, respectively. A blood sample was taken at the beginning of the experiments and every 48 h for 12 days postinjection. The animals were sacrificed, organs of interest taken out and the radioactivity determined. The femur was used for histological studies. Flow cytometry analysis was used to quantify the frequency of RET and MN-RET in the blood samples. The MCNP4B Monte Carlo computer code was used for dosimetry calculations. Radiochemical purity was 99% and the mean specific activity was 1.3 MBq/mg. The RET and MN-RET frequency were statistically different in the treatment at the end of the 12-day period demonstrating cytotoxicity and genotoxicity induced by the in vivo generator system. The

  15. Intracluster interactions in butterfly {Fe3LnO2} molecules with the non-Kramers ions Tb(III) and Ho(III)

    Science.gov (United States)

    Badía-Romano, L.; Rubín, J.; Bartolomé, F.; Bartolomé, J.; Luzón, J.; Prodius, D.; Turta, C.; Mereacre, V.; Wilhelm, F.; Rogalev, A.

    2015-08-01

    The intracluster exchange interactions within the "butterfly" [Fe3Ln (μ3-O )2(CCl3COO )8(H2O )(THF )3] molecules, where Ln(III) represents a lanthanide cation, have been determined by a combination of x-ray magnetic circular dichroism (XMCD) and vibrating sample magnetometry (VSM) along with an interaction model. We have studied the compounds with Ln =Tb and Ho, both non-Kramers lanthanides and with high uniaxial anisotropy, and Ln =Lu (III) and Y(III) as pseudolanthanides, which supply nonmagnetic Ln reference cases. At low temperature, the three Fe atoms can be considered as a self-unit with total spin SFe 3=5 /2 . Using the element selectivity of the XMCD magnetometry, measured at the Ln L2 ,3 edges, together with the VSM measurements, the local magnetization of the Ln ion and the Fe3 subcluster, as a function of the field and low temperature (T ≈2.5 K ), has been determined separately. These results are described quantitatively in the framework of a theoretical model based on an effective spin Hamiltonian, which considers the competing effects of intracluster interactions and the external applied magnetic field. The Ln -Fe3 exchange interaction within the {Fe3LnO2} cluster has been determined to be antiferromagnetic, in both Tb and Ho compounds, with JFeTb/kB=-0.13 (1 ) K and JFeHo/kB=-0.18 (1 ) K , respectively. In both cases, a field-induced reorientation of the Fe3 and Ln spins from antiparallel to parallel orientation takes place at a threshold field μ0H =1.1 and 2 T, for the {Fe3TbO2} and {Fe3HoO2} compounds, respectively. By comparison with other compounds of the series with uniaxial anisotropy, it is concluded that the polarizability of the Fe3 subcluster magnetic moment decreases in the trend {Fe3YO2}→{Fe3TbO2}→{Fe3HoO2}→{Fe3DyO2} , because of the increasing opposition of the exchange antiferromagnetic field caused by the Ln ion. In the Ln =Tb , Ho, and Dy, the magnetization of the whole molecule is dominated by the anisotropy of the Ln ion

  16. A novel Ho 36Dy 20Al 24Co 20 bulk metallic glass with large magnetocaloric effect

    Science.gov (United States)

    Liang, L.; Hui, X.; Zhang, C. M.; Lu, Z. P.; Chen, G. L.

    2008-04-01

    A new heavy rare-earth-based Ho 36Dy 20Al 24Co 20 bulk metallic glass (BMG) has been prepared by a copper mold casting. A maximum magnetic entropy change of 11.77 J/kg K has been measured in Ho 36Dy 20Al 24Co 20 bulk metallic glass under a magnetic field of 5 Tesla, which is larger than that of the early reported Ho-based bulk metallic glass Ho 30Y 26Al 24Co 20. The half-maximum temperature range of the entropy change peak is as large as 40 K, leading to a superior refrigerant capacity to those of the Gd 5Si 2Ge 2 and Gd 5Si 2Ge 1.9Fe 0.1 crystalline compounds. The excellent magnetocaloric effect together with the unique properties of metallic glass makes this alloy a promising candidate for a magnetic refrigerant in the temperature range below 50 K.

  17. Tunable photoluminescence and room temperature ferromagnetism of In2S3:Dy3+,Tb3+ nanoparticles.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Li, Zhifang; Yang, Tianye; Zhao, Qi; Zhang, Mingzhe

    2017-06-28

    Trivalent lanthanide-doped luminescent nanomaterials have unique spectral and magnetic properties, which have been extensively investigated due to their potential application prospects in a number of new technologies. The rare earth Dy3+ and Tb3+ ions co-doped β-In2S3 dilute nanoparticles with different doping concentrations were successfully synthesized by a gas-liquid phase chemical deposition method. The band gap energy could be tuned by varying the doping concentration from 3.17 to 3.51 eV. The In2S3:Dy3+,Tb3+ nanoparticles exhibited strong photoluminescence emission peaks and room temperature ferromagnetism. Under excitation at 352 nm, the intrinsic emission and transitions of 5D4 → 7F6 for Tb3+ and 4F9/2 → 6H13/2 for Dy3+ were observed. The saturation magnetizations presented an increasing trend and then decreased as the doping concentration increased. This can be ascribed to the fact that the enhanced antiferromagnetic interaction suppresses the ferromagnetic behavior after the doping concentration reaches a certain value. In addition, VASP first-principles calculations were used to further shed light on the magnetic origin and chemical bonding mechanism of the as-prepared samples. It was found that the magnetism could be attributed to In vacancies and the co-doped system is in favor of the formation of In vacancies. This study provides experimental and theoretical guidance for the design and synthesis of promising candidates for optical, magnetic, and spintronic applications.

  18. Electronic structures and magnetic properties of RB4 (R =Yb,Pr,Gd,Tb,Dy)

    Science.gov (United States)

    Choi, H. C.; Laref, Amel; Shim, J. H.; Kwon, S. K.; Min, B. I.

    2009-04-01

    Most rare-earth tetraborides RB4 have antiferromagnetic ground states except for YbB4 and PrB4. We have investigated the electronic structures and magnetic properties of RB4 (R =Yb,Pr,Gd,Tb,Dy) employing the first-principles total energy band method. It is found that YbB4 has the paramagnetic ground state, while the other tetraborides are in the magnetic ground state, which is in agreement with experiments. We have obtained the spin and orbital magnetic moments and discussed the importance of the spin-orbit interaction and the on-site Coulomb repulsion (U ) in these systems.

  19. Recoil and conversion electron considerations of the {sup 166}Dy/{sup 166}Ho in vivo generator

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Zeevaart, J.R. [North-West Univ., Mmabatho (South Africa). CARST; Szuecs, Z. [Nesca (South African Nuclear Energy Corporation Ltd.), Pretoria (South Africa). Radiochemistry; Hungarian Academy of Sciences, Debrecen (Hungary). Inst. of Nuclear Research; Takacs, S.; Jarvis, N. [Hungarian Academy of Sciences, Debrecen (Hungary). Inst. of Nuclear Research; Jansen, D. [Nesca (South African Nuclear Energy Corporation Ltd.), Pretoria (South Africa). Radiochemistry

    2012-07-01

    The use of radionuclides as potential therapeutic radiopharmaceuticals is increasingly investigated. An important aspect is the delivery of the radionuclide to the target, i.e. the radionuclide is not lost from the chelating agent. For in vivo generators, it is not only the log K of complexation between the metal ion and the chelator that is important, but also whether the daughter radionuclide stays inside the chelator after decay of the parent radionuclide. In our previous work, we showed that the classical recoil effect is only applicable for decays with a Q value higher than 0.6 MeV (in the atomic mass range around 100). However, Zhernosekov et al. published a result for {sup 140}Nd/{sup 140}Pr (Q = 0.222 MeV) which indicated that > 95% of the daughter ({sup 140}Pr) was lost by a DOTA chelator upon decay of {sup 140}Nd. The authors ascribed this to the ''post-effect''. Their experiment was repeated with the {sup 166}Dy/{sup 166}Ho generator to ascertain whether our calculations were correct. It was found that 72% of the daughter ({sup 166}Ho) was liberated from the DOTA chelator, indicating that the 'post effect' does exist in contrast to our recoil calculations. Upon further investigation, we determined that one should not only consider recoil energy levels but also the mode of decay which was able to explain the partial recoil found for {sup 166}Dy/{sup 166}Ho. It is concluded for the {sup 166}Dy/{sup 166}Ho system that the low recoil energy of the daughter nucleus {sup 166}Ho is not a sufficient reason to rule out release of the nuclide from chelators. On the other hand, we found that the ratio of the {sup 166}Ho that gets released corresponds to the ratio of relaxation of Ho atoms via the Auger process. (orig.)

  20. Magnetic properties of ball-milled TbFe2 and TbFe2B

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    Unknown

    Dhilsha and Rama Rao (1990) reported single particle excitations in Co substituted Ho0⋅85Tb0⋅15Fe2, through ele- ctrical resistivity measurements. Low temperature mag- netization studies on Ni substituted Dy0⋅73Tb0.27Fe2 and. Ho0⋅85Tb0⋅15Fe2 have revealed domain wall pinning (Senthil. Kumar et al 1995).

  1. Brilliant Sm, Eu, Tb and Dy chiral lanthanide complexes withstrong circularly polarized luminescence

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Petoud, Stephane; Muller, Gilles; Moore, Evan G.; Xu, Jide; Sokolnicki, Jurek; Riehl, James P.; Le, Uyen; Cohen, Seth M.; Raymond,Kenneth N.

    2006-07-10

    The synthesis, characterization and luminescent behavior of trivalent Sm, Eu, Dy and Tb complexes of two enantiomeric, octadentate, chiral, 2-hydroxyisophthalamide ligands are reported. These complexes are highly luminescent in solution. Functionalization of the achiral parent ligand with a chiral 1-phenylethylamine substituent on the open face of the complex in close proximity to the metal center yields complexes with strong circularly polarized luminescence (CPL) activity. This appears to be the first example of a system utilizing the same ligand architecture to sensitize four different lanthanide cations and display CPL activity. The luminescence dissymmetry factor, g{sub lum}, recorded for the Eu(III) complex is one of the highest values reported, and this is the first time the CPL effect has been demonstrated for a Sm(III) complex with a chiral ligand. The combination of high luminescence intensity with CPL activity should enable new bioanalytical applications of macromolecules in chiral environments.

  2. KCa4(BO33:Ln3+ (Ln = Dy, Eu, Tb phosphors for near UV excited white–light–emitting diodes

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Allu Amarnath Reddy

    2013-02-01

    Full Text Available A series of doped KCa4(BO33:Ln3+ (Ln: Dy, Eu and Tb compositions were synthesized by solid–state reaction method and their photoluminescent properties were systematically investigated to ascertain their suitability for application in white light emitting diodes. The X–ray diffraction (XRD and nuclear magnetic resonance (MAS–NMR data indicates that Ln3+–ions are successfully occupied the non–centrosymmetric Ca2+ sites, in the orthorhombic crystalline phase of KCa4(BO33 having space group Ama2, without affecting the boron chemical environment. The present phosphor systems could be efficiently excitable at the broad UV wavelength region, from 250 to 350 nm, compatible to the most commonly available UV light–emitting diode (LED chips. Photoluminescence studies revealed optimal near white–light emission for KCa4(BO33 with 5 wt.% Dy3+ doping, while warm white–light (CIE; X = 0.353, Y = 0.369 is obtained at 1wt.% Dy3+ ion concentration. The principle of energy transfer between Eu3+ and Tb3+ also demonstrates the potential white–light from KCa4(BO33:Eu3+,Tb3+ phosphor. Whereas, single Tb3+ and Eu3+–doped systems showed bright green (Tb3+ and red (Eu3+ emissions, respectively. Having structural flexibility along with remarkable chemical/thermal stability and suitable quantum efficiency these phosphors can be promising candidates as white–light–emitter for near UV LEDs.

  3. Genotoxic and cytotoxic damage by the therapeutic radiopharmaceutical [{sup 166}Dy]Dy/{sup 166}Ho-EDTMP as in vivo generator system; Dano genotoxico y citotoxico por el radiofarmaco terpeutico [{sup 166}Dy]Dy/{sup 166}Ho-EDTMP como sistema de generador in vivo

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Pedraza L, M.; Piedras R, J. [Instituto Nacional de Ciencias Medicas y Nutricion, Salvador Zubiran. Vasco. de Quiroga 15, 14000 Mexico D.F. (Mexico); Ferro F, G.; Morales R, P. [ININ, Km. 36.5 Carretera Mexico-Toluca, Ocoyoacac, 52045 Estado de Mexico (Mexico); Murphy S, E. [Hospital Santaelena, Mexico D.F. (Mexico); Hernandez O, O. [Escuela Superior de Fisica y Matematicas, IPN, Mexico D.F. (Mexico)

    2005-07-01

    In patients with leukemias and multiple myeloma, the cure can be obtained to inclination of a bone marrow transplant (m.o.), for that which one is used a combination of external radiotherapy and chemotherapy with the consequent toxicity to healthy organs. The complex [{sup 166}Dy]Dy/{sup 166}Ho-ethylenediaminetetramethylenephosphonate ([{sup 166}Dy]Dy/{sup 166}Ho-EDTMP) it forms a generator system in vivo stable with bony selective likeness in mice therefore, this it could work as a therapeutic radiopharmaceutical for bone marrow ablation. The objective of this original work was to determine the genotoxic and cytotoxic damage produced by the [{sup 166}Dy]Dy/{sup 166}Ho-EDTMP like a generator system in vivo by means of the reticulocytes reduction (RET) and micronucleus elevation in reticulocytes (RET-MN) in peripheral blood and to evaluate its myeloablative potential for histopathologic studies. It was irradiated {sup 166}Dy{sub 2}O{sub 3} enriched and it was add in form {sup 166}DyCI{sub 3} to the EDTMP in a softening media of phosphates (pH 8), the optimal molar relationship {sup 166}Dy: EDTMP was 1.7:1 and the radiochemical purity was evaluated by ITLC. The Dy:EDTMP complexes, non radioactive, its were prepared in the same way with non irradiated dysprosium oxide. A group of BALB/c mice was injected intraperitoneally with the radiopharmaceutical and two groups of control mice were injected with the non radioactive complex and with sodium chloride 0.9% respectively. Before injecting each one of the solutions it was take a basal sample of peripheral blood of the mouse tail and each 48 h post-injection during 12 d. The animals were sacrificed to obtain the organs of interest and to determine the radioactivity in each one. The femur was used for the histopathologic studies. The quantification of the frequency of RET and RET-MN was carried out by flow cytometry of the sanguine samples and the Monte Carlo code MCNP4B for the dosimetry calculations was used. The

  4. Optical absorption, luminescence, and energy transfer processes studies for Dy3+/Tb3+-codoped borate glasses for solid-state lighting applications

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lakshminarayana, G.; Kaky, Kawa M.; Baki, S. O.; Lira, A.; Caldiño, U.; Kityk, I. V.; Mahdi, M. A.

    2017-10-01

    By using melt quenching technique, good optical quality singly doped Dy3+ or Tb3+ and Dy3+/Tb3+-codoped borate glasses were synthesized and studied by optical absorption, excitation, emission and decay lifetimes curve analysis. Following the absorption spectrum, the evaluated Judd-Ofelt (J-O) intensity parameters (Ωλ (λ = 2, 4 and 6)) were used to calculate the transition probability (AR), the branching ratio (βR), and the radiative lifetime (τR) for different luminescent transitions such as 4I15/2 → 6H15/2, 4F9/2 → 6H15/2, 4F9/2 → 6H13/2, 4F9/2 → 6H11/2 and 4F9/2 → 6H9/2,6F11/2 for the 0.5 mol % singly Dy3+-doped glass. The βR calculated (65%) indicates that for lasing applications, 4F9/2 → 6H13/2 emission transition is highly suitable. For all the Dy3+/Tb3+-codoped glasses, Tb3+: 5D3→7F6 emission decay lifetime curves are found to be non-exponential in nature for different concentrations of Dy3+ codoping. Using the Inokuti-Hirayama model, these nonexponential decay curves were analyzed to identify the nature of the energy transfer (ET) processes and here the electric dipole-dipole interaction is dominant for the ET. Based on the excitation and emission spectra and decay lifetimes curve analysis, the cross relaxation and ET processes between Dy3+ and Tb3+ were confirmed. For the 0.5 mol % Tb3+ and 2.0 mol % Dy3+-codoped glass, the evaluated Tb3+→Dy3+ ET efficiency (η) is found to be 45% under 369 nm excitation. Further, for Tb3+/Dy3+ -codoped glasses, an enhancement of Tb3+ green emission is observed up to 1.5 mol % Dy3+ codoping, and this is due to the non-radiative resonant ET from Dy3+ to Tb3+ upon 395 nm excitation. For singly 0.5 mol % Dy3+ or 0.5 mol % Tb3+-doped glass, the calculated color coordinates (x,y) and correlated color temperatures (CCT) represent the neutral white or warm white light regions, whereas Dy3+/Tb3+-codoped glasses (x,y) and CCT values fall in the yellowish green region with respect to the different Dy3

  5. New structural form of a tetranuclear lanthanide hydroxo cluster: Dy4 analogue display slow magnetic relaxation.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Jami, Ananda Kumar; Baskar, Viswanathan; Sañudo, E Carolina

    2013-03-04

    A series of tetranuclear lanthanide (Ln = Tb, Dy, Ho) hydroxo clusters has been synthesized by reaction of LnCl3·6H2O (Ln = Tb (1), Dy (2), Ho (3)) with o-vanilin based schiff base ligand 2-(2,3 dihydroxpropyl imino methyl) 6-methoxy phenol (H3L) in methanol and in the presence of triethylamine as base. The solid state structures of all the products were established by single crystal X-ray diffraction technique. Magnetism studies reveal that Dy4 analogue exhibits slow magnetic relaxation at low temperatures.

  6. Evidence for SrHo2O4 and SrDy2O4 as model J1-J2 zigzag chain materials

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Fennell, A.; Pomjakushin, V. Y.; Uldry, A.

    2014-01-01

    Neutron diffraction and inelastic spectroscopy is used to characterize the magnetic Hamiltonian of SrHo2O4 and SrDy2O4. Through a detailed computation of the crystal-field levels we find site-dependent anisotropic single-ion magnetism in both materials, and diffraction measurements show the prese......Neutron diffraction and inelastic spectroscopy is used to characterize the magnetic Hamiltonian of SrHo2O4 and SrDy2O4. Through a detailed computation of the crystal-field levels we find site-dependent anisotropic single-ion magnetism in both materials, and diffraction measurements show...

  7. Enhanced luminescence via energy transfer from Ag+ to RE ions (Dy3+, Sm3+, Tb3+) in glasses.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Li, JingJing; Wei, RongFei; Liu, XueYun; Guo, Hai

    2012-04-23

    Oxyfluoride glasses containing Ag species and rare earth (RE) ions (Dy(3+), Sm(3+), Tb(3+)) were prepared by melt-quenching technique. The type of luminescent species of novel excitation band (230-300 nm peaked at 255 nm) and emission band (300-600 nm peaked at 350 nm) were investigated by absorption, excitation, emission spectra, as well as decay lifetime measurements and can be ascribed to isolated Ag(+) ions. Owing to energy transfer from Ag(+) to RE ions, significant enhancements of RE ions emission (76 times for Sm(3+), 41 times for Dy(3+)) were observed for non-resonant UV excitation (255 nm). Our research may extend the understanding of interactions between RE ions and Ag species. © 2012 Optical Society of America

  8. Anisotropy in the paramagnetic phase of RAl/sub 2/ cubic intermetallic compounds (R = Tb, Dy, and Er)

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    del Moral, A.; Ibarra, M.R.; Abell, J.S.; Montenegro, J.F.D.

    1987-05-01

    In this paper it is shown that the anisotropy in the paramagnetic phase is a useful characteristic when used to single out high-rank susceptibility tensor components in the paramagnetic regime of cubic crystals. Application of this technique to RAl/sub 2/ compounds (R = Tb,Dy,Er) allows the determination of longitudinal and transverse (in the form of linear combinations) fourth- and sixth-rank paramagnetic susceptibilities. The use of the fourth-rank longitudinal susceptibility allows quadrupolar pair interactions in these compounds to be probed.

  9. Down-shifting by energy transfer in Tb{sup 3+}/Dy{sup 3+} co-doped zinc phosphate glasses

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Caldiño, U., E-mail: cald@xanum.uam.mx [Departamento de Física, Universidad Autónoma Metropolitana-Iztapalapa, P.O. Box 55-534, México, D.F. 09340 (Mexico); Muñoz H, G.; Camarillo, I. [Departamento de Física, Universidad Autónoma Metropolitana-Iztapalapa, P.O. Box 55-534, México, D.F. 09340 (Mexico); Speghini, A. [Dipartimento di Biotecnologie, Università di Verona, and INSTM, UdR Verona, Strada Le Grazie 15, I-37314 Verona (Italy); IFAC CNR, Nello Carrara Institute of Applied Physics, MDF Lab, I-50019 Sesto Fiorentino, FI (Italy); Bettinelli, M. [Dipartimento di Biotecnologie, Università di Verona, and INSTM, UdR Verona, Strada Le Grazie 15, I-37314 Verona (Italy)

    2015-05-15

    An optical spectroscopy investigation of zinc phosphate glasses activated with Tb{sup 3+}/Dy{sup 3+} ions is carried out through photoluminescence spectra and decay time measurements. The emission color can be adjusted from yellow–green light, with CIE1931 chromaticity coordinates (0.36,0.44), toward the white light region (0.35,0.39) by decreasing the Tb{sup 3+} content from 1.0 to 0.1 mol% of Tb(PO{sub 3}){sub 3} upon Dy{sup 3+} excitation at 423 nm. Such visible region luminescence is generated by {sup 5}D{sub 4}→{sup 7}F{sub 5} and {sup 5}D{sub 4}→{sup 7}F{sub 3} emissions of Tb{sup 3+} in addition to {sup 4}I{sub 15/2}→{sup 6}H{sub 15/2}, {sup 4}F{sub 9/2}→{sup 6}H{sub 15/2}, {sup 4}F{sub 9/2}→{sup 6}H{sub 13/2} and {sup 4}F{sub 9/2}→{sup 6}H{sub 11/2} emissions of Dy{sup 3+}, so that Tb{sup 3+} emission is sensitized by Dy{sup 3+} through a non-radiative resonant energy transfer. A dominant {sup 5}D{sub 4}→{sup 7}F{sub 5} green emission is observed in detriment of the {sup 5}D{sub 3}→{sup 7}F{sub J} blue emissions upon 282 nm excitation, as well as an extended excitation range (280–500 nm), due to multiple Dy{sup 3+} and Tb{sup 3+} transitions, which might contribute to enhance the spectral response of solar photovoltaic cells by down-shifting of the incident solar spectrum. - Highlights: • Zn(PO{sub 3}){sub 2} glasses are optically activated with Tb{sup 3+}/Dy{sup 3+} (ZPTbDy). • Non-radiative resonant energy transfer takes place between Tb{sup 3+} and Dy{sup 3+}. • Luminescence can be adjusted from yellow–green light toward the white light region. • ZPTbDy phosphor exhibits spectroscopic properties for photovoltaic applications.

  10. Heterometallic trinuclear {CoLn(III)} (Ln = Gd, Tb, Ho and Er) complexes in a bent geometry. Field-induced single-ion magnetic behavior of the Er(III) and Tb(III) analogues.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Goura, Joydeb; Brambleby, Jamie; Topping, Craig V; Goddard, Paul A; Suriya Narayanan, Ramakirushnan; Bar, Arun Kumar; Chandrasekhar, Vadapalli

    2016-05-31

    Through the use of a multi-site compartmental ligand, 2-methoxy-6-[{2-(2-hydroxyethylamino)ethylimino}methyl]phenol (LH3), the family of heterometallic, trinuclear complexes of the formula [CoLn(L)2(μ-O2CCH3)2(H2O)3]·NO3·xMeOH·yH2O has been expanded beyond Ln = Dy(III) to include Gd(III) (), Tb(III) (), Ho(III) () and Er(III) () for , and (x = 1; y = 1) and for (x = 0; y = 2). The metallic core of these complexes consists of a (Co(III)-Ln(III)-Co(III)) motif bridged in a bent geometry resulting in six-coordinated distorted Co(III) octahedra and nine-coordinated Ln(III) monocapped square-antiprisms. The magnetic characterization of these compounds reveals the erbium and terbium analogues to display a field induced single-ion magnetic behavior similar to the dysprosium analogue but at lower temperatures. The energy barrier for the reversal of the magnetization of the CoTb(III) analogue is Ueff ≥ 15.6(4) K, while for the CoEr(III) analogue Ueff ≥ 9.9(8) K. The magnetic properties are discussed in terms of distortions of the 4f electron cloud.

  11. Crystallization and magnetic characterizations of DyIG and HoIG nanopowders fabricated using citrate sol-gel

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Dao Thi Thuy Nguyet

    2016-06-01

    Full Text Available Dy and Ho iron garnets in form of nanoparticles were synthesized by citrate sol-gel method. Phase formation, lattice constant and average crystallite sizes of the samples were determined via XRD measurements. Morphology and particle size distribution were studied by TEM and chemical composition was checked by EDX. Magnetic measurements in temperature range 5–600 K and in the maximum applied field of 50 kOe were carried out by using SQUID and VSM. Their magnetic parameters, including Curie temperature, magnetization compensation temperature, spontaneous magnetization, high-field susceptibility, magnetic coercivity were discussed in the framework of three interacting magnetic sublattices, magnetocrystalline anisotropy, core-shell model and compared to those of the bulk materials. Based on these analyses further evaluation on the crystallinity and homogeneity of the samples has been made.

  12. Clinical trial of {sup 165}Dy-HMA and {sup 166}Ho-CHICO in the treatment of Rheumatoid knee synovitis

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Kim, S. Y.; Yoo, D. H.; Bae, S. C.; Jun, J. B. [Hanyang University, Seoul (Korea, Republic of); Lim, S. M.; Hong, S. W.; Lee, S. Y.; Cheon, D. G.; Kim, S. J. [Korea Cancer Center Hospital, Seoul (Korea, Republic of)

    1997-07-01

    The untreated, chronic synovial inflammation leads to pannus formation and eventual destruction of the articular cartilage. In cases where medical therapy was unsuccessful, surgical or radiation synovectomy is necessary especially in the knee joints. The advantages of radiation synovectomy over surgical synovectomy are (1) greater destruction of diseased synovium, (2) reduced potential for blood clots and infection, (3) no requirement for anesthesia, and (4) less costly and less time consuming. Recently KAERI developed Dy-165 HMA, which was characterized by the absence of iron and a higher concentration of dysprosium. And then more recently KAERI also developed {sup 166}Ho-CHICO, which was characterized by relatively longer half-life(26.8 hr), more biological due to organic nature of chitosan, more even spatial distribution due to colloidal solution and more absorbable to synovium than Dy-165 HMA. We studied to evaluate the efficacy and safety of radiation synovectomy with Dy-165 HMA and {sup 166}Ho-CHICO in chronic rheumatoid synovitis with knee. The present study indicates that the Dy-165 HMA and {sup 166}Ho-CHICO are an effective and safe agent for radiation synovectomy. But further large scaled long-term follow up study and controlled study with steroid only are required. 15 refs. (author)

  13. Preparation of {sup 166} Dy/{sup 166} Ho-Macro aggregates as an In vivo generator system for the treatment of arthrophaties; Preparacion de {sup 166} Dy/{sup 166} Ho-Macro agregados como un sistema de generador In vivo para el tratamiento de artropatias

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Aldama A, T.K

    2003-07-01

    The present work reports the obtention of macro aggregates of hydroxides of Dysprosium-166/Holmium-166 ({sup 166} Dy/{sup 166} Ho-MH), as a generator system in vivo to be used in the treatment of arthritis rheumatoid. The {sup 166} Dy was obtained by neutron irradiation of {sup 166} DyO{sub 3} (enriched to 98.45%) by 20 h in the TRIGA Mark III Reactor and 50 h of decay, to the oxide of {sup 166} Dy/{sup 166} Ho formed, it was added HCl 0.12 N to obtain a final volume of 3.5 ml of solution of {sup 166} Dy/{sup 166} Ho chloride. The solution of {sup 166D}yCl{sub 3} solution was obtained with an activity of 3.502 mCi (129 MBq), appropriate for the preparation of the radiopharmaceutical {sup 166} Dy/{sup 166} Ho-MH. The separation of the {sup 166} Dy from the {sup 166} Ho, was carried out by chromatography in an cation exchange column, gaining an appropriate separation, obtaining a {sup 166} Dy with a radionuclide purity greater than 90%. The {sup 166} Dy/{sup 166} Ho-MH were prepared by addition to the solution of {sup 166} DyCI{sub 3} NaOH 0.5 N low ultrasonic bath with later centrifugation, decanted and resuspension in saline solution, obtaining a radiopharmaceutical with a generator system {sup 166} Dy/ {sup 166} Ho with particles of size average of 3 {mu}m, in form of {sup 166} Dy / {sup 166} Ho-MH. Under these conditions, it was obtained a radiochemical yield greater than 99%. The microscopic analysis and of filtration showed that the formulation doesn't present particles smaller than to 1 {mu}m, neither greater to 50 {mu}m, which will allow, the quick phagocytosis for the synoviocytes of the synovial membrane, and by consequence, an homogeneous distribution of the radiation dose could exist. The sedimentation velocity for the formulated suspension is of 0.04 cm/min that it will allow the administration of homogeneous activities of the radiopharmaceutical, to the no deposit in the injection devices. The studies of stability in vitro indicate us that inside

  14. Vibrational, mechanical and thermodynamical properties of RE2Ti2O7 (RE = Sm, Gd, Dy, Ho, Er and Yb) pyrochlores

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kushwaha, A. K.

    2017-08-01

    Vibrational, mechanical, thermodynamical properties and thermal conductivities of RE2Ti2O7 (RE = Sm, Gd, Dy, Ho, Er and Yb) pyrochlores have been calculated using a proposed eight-parameter bond-bending force constant model. The main outcome of present calculation is that the first neighbor interaction (Ti-O) is stronger than the second neighbor interactions (RE-O). This means that the bonding between Ti and O is more ionic than the one between RE and O. It is also found that the bond strength of RE-O and the bulk modulus decrease in the sequence Sm > Gd > Dy > Ho > Er > Yb. The bulk moduli and Young’s moduli of RE2Ti2O7 also decrease when RE changes from Sm to Yb.

  15. Structural and spectroscopic studies of [bis(picrato)(pentaethylene glycol)lanthanide(III)] picrate complexes with Ln(III) = Sm, Dy and Ho

    Science.gov (United States)

    Saleh, Muhammad I.; Kusrini, Eny; Adnan, Rohana; Saad, Bahruddin; Yamin, Bohari M.; Fun, Hoong K.

    2007-06-01

    The Sm(III), Dy(III) and Ho(III) complexes with mixed pentaethylene glycol (EO5) and picrate (Pic -) ligands were obtained and characterized by elemental analysis, IR, 1H and 13C NMR spectroscopic techniques. They are isostructural with general formula of [Ln(Pic) 2(EO5)] +(Pic) - (Ln = Sm(III), Dy(III) and Ho(III)). X-ray investigations showed that all the three complexes consist of hexadentate EO5 ligand and two picrate anions, one chelated in bidentate manner and the other one is monodentate located on the opposite sides of the primary Ln1-EO5 coordination sphere in a nine coordination environment. The geometry of the Ln1-EO5 sphere is tricapped trigonal prismatic with both benzene rings almost vertical to each other. TGA spectra of the complexes showed a gradual decomposition started from 250 °C followed by a sharp decrease in weight loss at 265 °C.

  16. Crystal structure and Mössbauer studies of the isotypic Fe6-cluster compounds RE15[Fe8C25], RE=Dy, Ho

    KAUST Repository

    Davaasuren, Bambar

    2015-05-01

    The carboferrates RE15[Fe8C25] (RE=Dy, Ho) were prepared from mixtures of the elements by arc-melting followed with subsequent annealing at 1373 K. The crystal structures were determined from single crystal X-ray diffraction data and revealed an isotypic relationship to Er15[Fe8C25] (hP48, P321). The main feature of the crystal structure is given by Fe6 cluster units characterized by covalent Fe-Fe bonding interactions. 57Fe Mössbauer spectra of Dy15[Fe8C25] were fitted by three subspectra with relative spectral weights of about 3:3:2 which is in general agreement with the crystal structure. Below 50 K, an onset of magnetic hyperfine fields at the three iron sites is observed which is supposed to be caused by dipolar fields arising from neighboring, slowly relaxing Dy magnetic moments.

  17. Rhombus-shaped tetranuclear [Ln4] complexes [Ln = Dy(III) and Ho(III)]: synthesis, structure, and SMM behavior.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Chandrasekhar, Vadapalli; Hossain, Sakiat; Das, Sourav; Biswas, Sourav; Sutter, Jean-Pascal

    2013-06-03

    The reaction of a new hexadentate Schiff base hydrazide ligand (LH3) with rare earth(III) chloride salts in the presence of triethylamine as the base afforded two planar tetranuclear neutral complexes: [{(LH)2Dy4}(μ2-O)4](H2O)8·2CH3OH·8H2O (1) and [{(LH)2Ho4}(μ2-O)4](H2O)8·6CH3OH·4H2O (2). These neutral complexes possess a structure in which all of the lanthanide ions and the donor atoms of the ligand remain in a perfect plane. Each doubly deprotonated ligand holds two Ln(III) ions in its two distinct chelating coordination pockets to form [LH(Ln)2](4+) units. Two such units are connected by four [μ2-O](2-) ligands to form a planar tetranuclear assembly with an Ln(III)4 core that possesses a rhombus-shaped structure. Detailed static and dynamic magnetic analysis of 1 and 2 revealed single-molecule magnet (SMM) behavior for complex 1. A peculiar feature of the χM" versus temperature curve is that two peaks that are frequency-dependent are revealed, indicating the occurrence of two relaxation processes that lead to two energy barriers (16.8 and 54.2 K) and time constants (τ0 = 1.4 × 10(-6) s, τ0 = 7.2 × 10(-7) s). This was related to the presence of two distinct geometrical sites for Dy(III) in complex 1.

  18. Host-sensitized luminescence in LaNbO4:Ln(3+) (Ln(3+) = Eu(3+)/Tb(3+)/Dy(3+)) with different emission colors.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Li, Kai; Zhang, Yang; Li, Xuejiao; Shang, Mengmeng; Lian, Hongzhou; Lin, Jun

    2015-02-14

    In this work, a series of Eu(3+), Tb(3+), and Dy(3+) singly-doped and co-doped LaNbO4 (LNO) phosphors have been synthesized by a high-temperature solid-state reaction route. X-ray diffraction (XRD) along with Rietveld refinement, diffuse reflection spectra, photoluminescence (PL) and cathodoluminescence (CL) properties, decay lifetimes, and PL quantum yields (QYs) were exploited to characterize the phosphors. Under UV excitation, energy transfer process from the host to the activators exists in the singly-doped samples, which leads to tunable emission color from blue to red for LNO:Eu(3+), green for LNO:Tb(3+), and yellow including white for LNO:Dy(3+). In Eu(3+) and Tb(3+) co-doped phosphors, LNO:Eu(3+), Tb(3+), the energy transfers from the host to the activators and Tb(3+) to Eu(3+) ions have also been deduced from the PL spectra, resulting in tunable emission color from green to red by adjusting the concentration ratio of Eu(3+) and Tb(3+) ions. The decay times monitored at host emission and Tb(3+) emission confirm the existence of energy transfer in the as-prepared samples. The best quantum efficiency can reach 43.2% for LNO:0.01Tb(3+) among all the as-prepared phosphors. In addition, the CL spectra of LNO:Eu(3+)/Tb(3+)/Dy(3+) are a little different from their PL spectra because another emission envelope around 530 nm appears in the samples, which is attributed to the bombardment of higher energy excitation source of low-voltage electron beam. However, the characteristic emissions similar to PL spectra were reserved. Moreover, the CL spectrum of LNO:0.02Tb(3+) has stronger emission intensity than that of ZnO:Zn commercial product. These results from the PL and CL properties of LNO:Eu(3+)/Tb(3+)/Dy(3+) suggest their potential in solid-state lighting and display fields.

  19. 2-and 1-D coordination polymers of Dy(III) and Ho(III) with near infrared and visible luminescence by efficient charge-transfer antenna ligand

    Science.gov (United States)

    Oylumluoglu, Gorkem; Coban, Mustafa Burak; Kocak, Cagdas; Aygun, Muhittin; Kara, Hulya

    2017-10-01

    Two new lanthanide-based coordination complexes, [Dy(2-stp).2(H2O)]n (1) and {[Ho(2-stp).3(H2O)]·(H2O)}n (2) [2-stp = 2-sulfoterephthalic acid] were synthesized by hydrothermal reaction and characterized by elemental analysis, UV, IR, single crystal X-ray diffraction and solid state photoluminescence. DyIII and HoIII atoms are eight-coordinated and adopt a distorted square-antiprismatic geometry in complexes 1 and 2, respectively. In compound 1, Dy atoms are coordinated by four bridging 2-stp ligands forming two-dimensional (2D) layer, while Ho atoms by three bridging 2-stp ligands creating one dimensional (1D) double chains in 2. In addition, complexes 1 and 2 display in the solid state and at room temperature an intense yellow emission, respectively; this photoluminescence is achieved by an indirect process (antenna effect). The excellent luminescent performances make these complexes very good candidates for potential luminescence materials.

  20. Magnetic ordering of Mo2NiB2-type {Gd, Tb, Dy)2Co2Al compounds by magnetization and neutron diffraction study

    Science.gov (United States)

    Morozkin, A. V.; Genchel, V. K.; Garshev, A. V.; Yapaskurt, V. O.; Isnard, O.; Yao, Jinlei; Nirmala, R.; Quezado, S.; Malik, S. K.

    2017-11-01

    The magnetic ordering of Mo2NiB2-type {Gd, Tb, Dy}2Co2Al (Immm, No. 71, oI10) compounds has been established using bulk magnetic measurements and neutron diffraction study. Polycrystalline Gd2Co2Al, Tb2Co2Al and Dy2Co2Al undergo ferrimagnetic transitions (TC) at 78 K, 98 K and 58 K, respectively, and low-temperature field induced transition (Tm) around 15 K, 20 K and 15 K, respectively. Between Tm and TC Gd2Co2Al, Tb2Co2Al and Dy2Co2Al are soft ferrimagnets. Below Tm Gd2Co2Al is soft ferrimagnet, whereas Tb2Co2Al and Dy2Co2Al exhibit permanent magnet properties with residual magnetization per rare earth of 4.95 B and 4.8 B, respectively, and large coercive field of 72 kOe and 22 kOe, respectively, at 2 K. The magnetocaloric effects of Gd2Co2Al, Tb2Co2Al and Dy2Co2Al were calculated in terms of isothermal magnetic entropy change and they reach maximum values of -10.4 J/kg K, -7.6 J/kg K and -6.6 J/kg K for a field change of 50 kOe near 75 K, 98 K and 58 K, respectively. Low-temperature transition of Gd2Co2Al is followed by the magnetic entropy change of -2.9 J/kg K in a field change of 50 kOe at 15 K. Low temperature magnetic ordering with enhanced anisotropic effects in Tb2Co2Al and Dy2Co2Al is accompanied by a positive magnetocaloric effect with isothermal magnetic entropy changes of +19.9 J/kg K at 20 K (field change 0-50 kOe) and +2.7 J/kg K at 15 K (field change 0-10 kOe), respectively. Neutron diffraction study shows that, in zero applied field, Tb2Co2Al exhibits c-axis ferrimagnetic ordering with magnetic space group Immm‧ and propagation vector K0 = [0, 0, 0] below TCND ∼ 111 K with MTb = 8.86(15) B and MCo = 0.26(2) B at 2 K.

  1. Vacuum ultraviolet excited luminescence properties of Ca3Gd7(SiO4)5(PO4)O2:Re3+ (Re3+=Tb3+, Dy3+) phosphors

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zhang, Feng; Wang, Yuhua; Huang, Yan; Tao, Ye

    2013-10-01

    A series of Ca3Gd7(SiO4)5(PO4)O2:Re3+ (Re3+=Tb3+, Dy3+) phosphors were synthesized by a solid-state reaction, and their vacuum ultraviolet excitation and emission characteristics were measured. All the excitation spectra show a broad band in the region of 140-210 nm, which can be mainly assigned to the host absorption. For Tb3+-doped sample, the absorption bands at 230 nm and 281 nm are respectively ascribed to the f-d spin-allowed and spin-forbidden transitions of Tb3+. In Dy3+-doped sample, the f-d spin-allowed transitions of Dy3+ and O2-→Dy3+ charge transfer band have not been clearly distinguished probably because of the overlapping with the strong host absorption band. The weak bands at 267 and 288 nm are attributed to be the f-d spin-forbidden transitions of Dy3+. The concentration dependence of the emission intensity upon the excitation at 172 nm indicates that the optimal doping concentrations of Tb3+ and Dy3+ are 11 mol% and 5 mol%, respectively. The optimal Tb3+ and Dy3+-activated samples respectively exhibit yellowish green and white emitting colors due to their characteristic emissions.

  2. Characterization, electrical transport and magnetic properties of the rare earth misfit layer compounds (TbS)(1.21)NbS2, (TbS)(1.20)TaS2, (DyS)(1.22)NbS2 and (DyS)(1.21)TaS2

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Zhou, W.Y.; Meetsma, A.; deBoer, J.L.; Wiegers, G.A

    1996-01-01

    X-ray powder and single-crystal X-ray diffraction of the title compounds showed that they are planar intergrowth compounds, built of alternating sandwiches TS2 (T=Nb, Ta) and double layers LnS (Ln=Tb, Dy), present in three orientational variants related by rotations of 120 degrees around the c axis

  3. Ferroelectric ordering and magnetoelectric effect of pristine and Ho-doped orthorhombic DyMnO{sub 3} by dielectric studies

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Magesh, J.; Murugavel, P., E-mail: muruga@iitm.ac.in [Department of Physics, Indian Institute of Technology Madras, Chennai 600036 (India); Mangalam, R. V. K.; Singh, K.; Simon, Ch.; Prellier, W. [Laboratoire CRISMAT, ENSICAEN/CNRS UMR 6508, 6 Bd Maréchal Juin, 14050 Caen (France)

    2015-08-21

    In this paper, the magnetoelectric coupling and ferroelectric ordering of the orthorhombic Dy{sub 1-x}Ho{sub x}MnO{sub 3} (x = 0 and 0.1) are studied from the magnetodielectric response of the polycrystalline samples. The dielectric study on the DyMnO{sub 3} reveals ferroelectric transition at 18 K along with an addition transition at 12 K. We suggest that the transition at 12 K could have originated from the polarization flop rather than being the rare earth magnetic ordering. The magnetodielectric study reveals a magnetoelectric coupling strength of 10%, which is stronger by two orders of magnitude in comparison to the hexagonal manganites. Surprisingly, the Ho{sup 3+} substitution in DyMnO{sub 3} suppresses the magnetoelectric coupling strength via the suppression of the spiral magnetic ordering. In addition, it also reduces the antiferromagnetic ordering and ferroelectric ordering temperatures. Overall, the studies show that the rare earth plays an important role in the magnetoelectric coupling strength through the modulation of spiral magnetic structure.

  4. Electronic structure of R Sb (R =Y , Ce, Gd, Dy, Ho, Tm, Lu) studied by angle-resolved photoemission spectroscopy

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wu, Yun; Lee, Yongbin; Kong, Tai; Mou, Daixiang; Jiang, Rui; Huang, Lunan; Bud'ko, S. L.; Canfield, P. C.; Kaminski, Adam

    2017-07-01

    We use high-resolution angle-resolved photoemission spectroscopy (ARPES) and electronic structure calculations to study the electronic properties of rare-earth monoantimonides RSb (R = Y, Ce, Gd, Dy, Ho, Tm, Lu). The experimentally measured Fermi surface (FS) of RSb consists of at least two concentric hole pockets at the Γ point and two intersecting electron pockets at the X point. These data agree relatively well with the electronic structure calculations. Detailed photon energy dependence measurements using both synchrotron and laser ARPES systems indicate that there is at least one Fermi surface sheet with strong three-dimensionality centered at the Γ point. Due to the "lanthanide contraction", the unit cell of different rare-earth monoantimonides shrinks when changing the rare-earth ion from CeSb to LuSb. This results in the differences in the chemical potentials in these compounds, which are demonstrated by both ARPES measurements and electronic structure calculations. Interestingly, in CeSb, the intersecting electron pockets at the X point seem to be touching the valence bands, forming a fourfold-degenerate Dirac-like feature. On the other hand, the remaining rare-earth monoantimonides show significant gaps between the upper and lower bands at the X point. Furthermore, similar to the previously reported results of LaBi, a Dirac-like structure was observed at the Γ point in YSb, CeSb, and GdSb, compounds showing relatively high magnetoresistance. This Dirac-like structure may contribute to the unusually large magnetoresistance in these compounds.

  5. Raman spectroscopy of rare-earth orthoferrites R FeO3 (R =La, Sm, Eu, Gd, Tb, Dy)

    Science.gov (United States)

    Weber, Mads Christof; Guennou, Mael; Zhao, Hong Jian; Íñiguez, Jorge; Vilarinho, Rui; Almeida, Abílio; Moreira, Joaquim Agostinho; Kreisel, Jens

    2016-12-01

    We report a Raman scattering study of six rare-earth orthoferrites R FeO3, with R = La, Sm, Eu, Gd, Tb, Dy. The use of extensive polarized Raman scattering of SmFeO3 and first-principles calculations enable the assignment of the observed phonon modes to vibrational symmetries and atomic displacements. The assignment of the spectra and their comparison throughout the whole series allow correlating the phonon modes with the orthorhombic structural distortions of R FeO3 perovskites. In particular, the positions of two specific A g modes scale linearly with the two FeO6 octahedra tilt angles, allowing the distortion to be tracked throughout the series. At variance with literature, we find that the two octahedra tilt angles scale differently with the vibration frequencies of their respective A g modes. This behavior, as well as the general relations between the tilt angles, the frequencies of the associated modes, and the ionic radii are rationalized in a simple Landau model. The reported Raman spectra and associated phonon-mode assignment provide reference data for structural investigations of the whole series of orthoferrites.

  6. Atomic distribution, local structure and cation size effect in o-R1-xCaxMnO3 (R = Dy, Y, and Ho).

    Science.gov (United States)

    Jiang, Ning; Zhang, X; Yu, Yi

    2013-11-27

    We propose new interatomic potentials for the small rare-earth-based orthorhombic RMnO3 (R = Dy, Y, Ho), which accurately model the structural properties of these extreme cases of lanthanide manganate series. They are further employed to investigate the intrinsic defects in o-RMnO3 and the cation distribution and local structure in o-R1-xCaxMnO3 (R = Dy, Y, Ho). Schottky disorders are found to be the dominant structural defects, and the possibility of a small degree of anti-site disorder of R and Mn ions over A and B sites is found. The introduced Ca dopants tend to form chemically and structurally like CaMnO3 clusters in the lightly doped system, which can be regarded as representations of microscopic phase separation. The local structural disorder is reduced with increasing doping density. For o-R0.5Ca0.5MnO3 (R = Dy, Y, Ho), the charge ordering state is intrinsically favored, and the layer stripe model is shown to be energetically more favorable and structurally more reasonable. Moreover, the tendency to form charge ordered stripes increases with the decrease of R size. The local structure in the layer stripe pattern deviates largely from the average structure: RMnO3-like and CaMnO3-like layers are formed. The size of R ion has a significant influence on the doping effect on Jahn-Teller (JT) distortion and a manganate with a larger R will experience a larger reduction on the anisotropy of Mn-O bonds in Mn(3+)O6 octahedra. However, the change of octahedral tilting upon doping does not vary much with R radii.

  7. Family of carboxylate- and nitrate-diphenoxo triply bridged dinuclear Ni(II)Ln(III) complexes (Ln = Eu, Gd, Tb, Ho, Er, Y): synthesis, experimental and theoretical magneto-structural studies, and single-molecule magnet behavior.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Colacio, Enrique; Ruiz, José; Mota, Antonio J; Palacios, María A; Cremades, Eduard; Ruiz, Eliseo; White, Fraser J; Brechin, Euan K

    2012-05-21

    Seven acetate-diphenoxo triply bridged M(II)-Ln(III) complexes (M(II) = Ni(II) and Ln(III) = Gd, Tb, Ho, Er, and Y; M(II) = Zn(II) and Ln(III) = Ho(III) and Er(III)) of formula [M(μ-L)(μ-OAc)Ln(NO(3))(2)], one nitrate-diphenoxo triply bridged Ni(II)-Tb(III) complex, [Ni(μ-L)(μ-NO(3))Tb(NO(3))(2)]·2CH(3)OH, and two diphenoxo doubly bridged Ni(II)-Ln(III) complexes (Ln(III) = Eu, Gd) of formula [Ni(H(2)O)(μ-L)Ln(NO(3))(3)]·2CH(3)OH have been prepared in one pot reaction from the compartmental ligand N,N',N"-trimethyl-N,N"-bis(2-hydroxy-3-methoxy-5-methylbenzyl)diethylenetriamine (H(2)L). Moreover, Ni(II)-Ln(III) complexes bearing benzoate or 9-anthracenecarboxylate bridging groups of formula [Ni(μ-L)(μ-BzO)Dy(NO(3))(2)] and [Ni(μ-L)(μ-9-An)Dy(9-An)(NO(3))(2)]·3CH(3)CN have also been successfully synthesized. In acetate-diphenoxo triply bridged complexes, the acetate bridging group forces the structure to be folded with an average hinge angle in the M(μ-O(2))Ln bridging fragment of ~22°, whereas nitrate-diphenoxo doubly bridged complexes and diphenoxo-doubly bridged complexes exhibit more planar structures with hinge angles of ~13° and ~2°, respectively. All Ni(II)-Ln(III) complexes exhibit ferromagnetic interactions between Ni(II) and Ln(III) ions and, in the case of the Gd(III) complexes, the J(NiGd) coupling increases weakly but significantly with the planarity of the M-(O)(2)-Gd bridging fragment and with the increase of the Ni-O-Gd angle. Density functional theory (DFT) theoretical calculations on the Ni(II)Gd(III) complexes and model compounds support these magneto-structural correlations as well as the experimental J(NiGd) values, which were found to be ~1.38 and ~2.1 cm(-1) for the folded [Ni(μ-L)(μ-OAc)Gd(NO(3))(2)] and planar [Ni(H(2)O)(μ-L)Gd(NO(3))(3)]·2CH(3)OH complexes, respectively. The Ni(II)Dy(III) complexes exhibit slow relaxation of the magnetization with Δ/k(B) energy barriers under 1000 Oe applied magnetic fields of 9.2 and 10

  8. 3d-4f exchange interactions in R sub 2 Ni sub 17. [Dy sub 2 Ni sub 17; Ho sub 2 Ni sub 17; Er sub 2 Ni sub 17

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Marquina, C.; Kayzel, F.E.; Ahn, T.H.; Radwanski, R.J.; Franse, J.J.M. (Van der Waals-Zeeman Lab., Univ. van Amsterdam (Netherlands))

    1992-02-01

    Magnetization isotherms at 4.2 K in fields up to 38 T have been measured on free powder samples R{sub 2}Ni{sub 17} (R=Dy, Ho and Er). From the transition-field values the intersublattice molecular-field coefficient n{sub RT} and molecular field acting on the R moment have been derived. (orig.).

  9. Ln(iii) complexes (Ln = Eu, Gd, Tb, Dy) with a chiral ligand containing 1,10-phenanthroline and (-)-menthol fragments: synthesis, structure, magnetic properties and photoluminescence.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Larionov, Stanislav V; Bryleva, Yuliya A; Glinskaya, Ludmila A; Plyusnin, Victor F; Kupryakov, Arkady S; Agafontsev, Alexander M; Tkachev, Alexey V; Bogomyakov, Artem S; Piryazev, Dmitry A; Korolkov, Ilya V

    2017-08-29

    A series of lanthanide(iii) complexes based on the new chiral ligand L, which contains 1,10-phenanthroline and (-)-menthol fragments, namely [LnL2(NO3)3] (Ln = Eu (1), Gd (2), Tb (3), Dy (4)), have been synthesized and structurally characterized. Complexes 1-4 are isostructural and crystallize in the non-centrosymmetric space group P41212. The mononuclear complexes comprise a 10-coordinate Ln3+ ion with two bidentate N,N-donor ligands (L) and three bidentate chelating nitrate groups. The magnetic properties of complexes 1-4 are determined mainly by the Ln3+ ions. In the case of complexes 3 and 4, significant anisotropy results in nonlinear field dependences of magnetization at low temperature. Complexes 1, 3 and 4 exhibit metal-centered red (Eu3+), green (Tb3+) and yellow (Dy3+) luminescence, respectively, whereas complex 2 displays blue ligand-based luminescence in the solid state at room temperature. The luminescence quantum yield for the solid samples increases in the order 4 < 2 ≈ 3 < 1. The europium(iii) complex shows long luminescence lifetimes (up to 1750 μs) and a very high quantum yield (φf = 0.87); these make this compound promising for application in sensing and optoelectronics.

  10. Magnetic and electrical properties of the stannides RE sub 3 Co sub 6 Sn sub 5 (RE Sm, Gd, Tb and Dy)

    CERN Document Server

    Kaczorowski, D; Rogl, P; Romaka, L; Gorelenko, Y

    2003-01-01

    Polycrystalline samples of the ternary intermetallics RE sub 3 Co sub 6 Sn sub 5 (RE Sm, Gd, Tb and Dy) were studied by means of magnetization, dc magnetic susceptibility and electrical resistivity measurements. All these stannides were found to order magnetically at low temperatures. Sm sub 3 Co sub 6 Sn sub 5 is antiferromagnetic below T sub N = 8 K, while Tb sub 3 Co sub 6 Sn sub 5 exhibits ferromagnetic ordering below T sub C = 16 K. The other two compounds show more complex magnetic behaviour with subsequent phase transitions in the ordered regions. For Gd sub 3 Co sub 6 Sn sub 5 one observes the onset of ferromagnetism at T sub C = 25 K, which is followed by a change in the magnetic structure at T sub 1 = 12 K. In the case of Dy sub 3 Co sub 6 Sn sub 5 an antiferromagnetic type of order sets in at T sub N = 7 K, and then a spin structure rearrangement occurs at T sub 1 = 3 K that yields a ferromagnetic component at lower temperatures. All the ternaries studied exhibit metallic-like conductivity with pro...

  11. Morphology and luminescence characteristics of combustion synthesized Y{sub 2}O{sub 3}: (Eu, Dy, Tb) nanoparticles with various amino-acid fuels

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Mukherjee, S.; Sudarsan, V. [Chemistry Division Bhabha Atomic Research Centre, Trombay, Mumbai 400085 (India); Sastry, P.U.; Patra, A.K. [Solid State Physics Division, Bhabha Atomic Research Centre, Trombay, Mumbai 400085 (India); Tyagi, A.K., E-mail: aktyagi@barc.gov.in [Chemistry Division Bhabha Atomic Research Centre, Trombay, Mumbai 400085 (India)

    2014-01-15

    Y{sub 2}O{sub 3} nanoparticles doped with Dy{sup 3+}, Eu{sup 3+} and Tb{sup 3+} together were prepared by the gel combustion method using a variety of amino acids namely, glycine, phenyl alanine, arginine, glutamic and aspartic acids. Number of carboxylate groups present in the amino acids used for combustion reaction was found to have strong influence on powder characteristics as well as luminescence from the samples. Based on small angle X-ray scattering studies, it is inferred that the nanoparticles prepared by using glycine and arginine as the fuels have smooth surface compared to those prepared using other amino acids. For the nanoparticles prepared using glutamic and aspartic acids, there exist a diffused pore-grain interface due to the lesser extent of heat generated in the reaction which leads to smaller particle size, poor crystallinity and improper burning of the organic materials. Lower surface area and smooth surface of the nanoparticles prepared using glycine leads to their improved luminescence properties. -- Highlights: • Surface smoothness of Y{sub 2}O{sub 3} (Dy, Eu, Tb) nanoparticles vary with amino acids. • Optimum luminescence intensity is observed when glycine is used as the fuel. • Diffused pore grain interface when glutamic and aspartic acids are used as fuels.

  12. Effect of rapid quenching on the magnetism and magnetocaloric effect of equiatomic rare earth intermetallic compounds RNi (R = Gd, Tb and Ho)

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rajivgandhi, R.; Arout Chelvane, J.; Quezado, S.; Malik, S. K.; Nirmala, R.

    2017-07-01

    Magnetocaloric effect (MCE) in RNi (where R = Gd, Tb and Ho) compounds has been studied in their arc-melted and melt-spun forms. The compound GdNi has the orthorhombic CrB-type structure (Space group Cmcm, No. 63) and the compound HoNi has the orthorhombic FeB-type structure (Space group Pnma, No. 62) at room temperature regardless of their synthesis condition. However, arc-melted TbNi orders in a monoclinic structure (Space group P21/m, No. 11) and when it is rapidly quenched to a melt-spun form, it crystallizes in an orthorhombic structure (Space group Pnma, No. 62). The arc-melted GdNi, TbNi and HoNi compounds order ferromagnetically at ∼69 K, ∼67 K and ∼36 K (TC) respectively. While the melt-spun GdNi shows about 6 K increase in TC, the ordering temperature of TbNi remains nearly the same in both arc-melted and melt-spun forms. In contrast, a reduction in TC by about 8 K is observed in melt-spun HoNi, when compared to its arc-melted counterpart. Isothermal magnetic entropy change, ∆Sm, calculated from the field dependent magnetization data indicates an enhanced relative cooling power (RCP) for melt-spun GdNi for field changes of 20 kOe and 50 kOe. A lowered RCP value is observed in melt-spun TbNi and HoNi. These changes could have resulted from the competing shape anisotropy and the granular microstructure induced by the melt-spinning process. Tailoring the MCE of rare earth intermetallic compounds by suitably controlled synthesis techniques is certainly one of the directions to go forward in the search of giant magnetocaloric materials.

  13. Luminescence characteristic of RE (RE = Pr, Sm, Eu, Tb, Dy) and energy levels of lanthanide ions in Gd5Si3O12N

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zhang, Zhi-Jun; Yang, Woochul

    2017-10-01

    Polycrystalline Gd5Si3O12N: RE (RE = Pr, Sm, Eu, Tb and Dy) phosphors have been synthesized via a solid-state reaction method at high temperature, and their photoluminescence properties were studied. The absorption peak at about 230 nm is attributed to the host absorption. For the Pr3+-doped sample, the typical excitation lines located at 273 nm originating from the 8S7/2 → 6IJ (J = 5/2, 7/2) transitions of the Gd3+ ions were observed in the excitation spectra. Upon excitation at 227 nm UV light, the 4f15d → 4f2 emission band (350-450 nm) and typical 4f2 → 4f2 emission lines (450-700 nm) assigned to Pr3+ were observed. The Sm3+-doped sample exhibits a bright red emission owing to the 4G5/2 → 6HJ (J = 5/2, 7/2 and 9/2) transitions. However, the charge transfer band of Sm3+ was not observed in the excitation spectrum. There is a broad band from 200 to 350 nm originating from the charge transfer transition (CT) of the Eu3+ (O2-/N3- → Eu3+) in the excitation spectra, and the strongest peak in the emission spectra located at 615 nm is due to the electric-dipole 5D0 → 7F2 transition of Eu3+. For the Tb3+-doped sample, it shows 5D3 →7FJ (J = 5, 4, 3, 2) blue line emissions and 5D4 → 7FJ (J = 6, 5, 4, 3) green line emissions under the excitation of Tb3+. The Dy3+-activated sample upon excitation at 349 and 386 nm UV light shows blue-green and orange-red emission lines originating from 4F9/2 → 6HJ (J = 15/2, 13/2) transitions. In addition, the energy transfer from the host lattice to the luminescence activators (i.e. Pr3+, Sm3+, Eu3+, Tb3+, Dy3+) has been confirmed. In addition, the energy level diagram including the 4f and 5d energy levels of all Ln2+ and Ln3+ ions relative to the valence and conduction band of Gd5Si3O12N were constructed and discussed.

  14. Self-assembled Ln(III)4 (Ln = Eu, Gd, Dy, Ho, Yb) [2 × 2] square grids: a new class of lanthanide cluster.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Randell, Nicholas M; Anwar, Muhammad U; Drover, Marcus W; Dawe, Louise N; Thompson, Laurence K

    2013-06-03

    Self-assembly of the Ln(III) ions (Ln = Eu, Gd, Dy, Ho, Yb) into square [2 × 2] grid-like arrays has been readily effected using simple, symmetric ditopic ligands based on a carbohydrazone core. The metal ions are connected via single atom bridges (e.g., μ2-O(hydrazone), μ2-OH, μ2-OMe, μ2-1,1-N3(-), μ4-O), depending on reaction conditions. The Gd(III)4 examples exhibit intramolecular antiferromagnetic exchange (-J < 0.11 cm(-1)), and in one Dy(III)4 example, with a combination of μ2-1,1-N3(-), and μ4-O bridges linking adjacent metal ions, SMM behavior is observed. One thermally driven relaxation process is observed in the temperature range 10-25 K (τ0 = 6.5(1) × 10(-7) s, U(eff) = 110(1) K) in the presence of an 1800 Oe external field, employed to suppress a second quantum based relaxation process. The extended group of Ln(III) ions which submit to this controlled self-assembly, typical of the transition metal ions, indicates the general applicability of this approach to the lanthanides. This occurs despite the anticipated limitations based on larger ionic radii and coordination numbers, and is an encouraging sign for extension to larger grids with appropriately chosen polytopic ligands.

  15. Syntheses, structures, and magnetic properties of a family of heterometallic heptanuclear [Cu5Ln2] (Ln = Y(III), Lu(III), Dy(III), Ho(III), Er(III), and Yb(III)) complexes: observation of SMM behavior for the Dy(III) and Ho(III) analogues.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Chandrasekhar, Vadapalli; Dey, Atanu; Das, Sourav; Rouzières, Mathieu; Clérac, Rodolphe

    2013-03-04

    Sequential reaction of the multisite coordination ligand (LH3) with Cu(OAc)2·H2O, followed by the addition of a rare-earth(III) nitrate salt in the presence of triethylamine, afforded a series of heterometallic heptanuclear complexes containing a [Cu5Ln2] core {Ln = Y(1), Lu(2), Dy(3), Ho(4), Er(5), and Yb(6)}. Single-crystal X-ray crystallography reveals that all the complexes are dicationic species that crystallize with two nitrate anions to compensate the charge. The heptanuclear aggregates in 1-6 are centrosymmetrical complexes, with a hexagonal-like arrangement of six peripheral metal ions (two rare-earth and four copper) around a central Cu(II) situated on a crystallographic inversion center. An all-oxygen environment is found to be present around the rare-earth metal ions, which adopt a distorted square-antiprismatic geometry. Three different Cu(II) sites are present in the heptanuclear complexes: two possess a distorted octahedral coordination sphere while the remaining one displays a distorted square-pyramidal geometry. Detailed static and dynamic magnetic properties of all the complexes have been studied and revealed the single-molecule magnet behavior of the Dy(III) and Ho(III) derivatives.

  16. Enhanced magnetocaloric effects in R{sub 3}(Ga{sub 1-x}Fe{sub x}){sub 5}O{sub 12} (R=Gd, Dy, Ho; 0

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Provenzano, V.; Li, J.; King, T.; Canavan, E.; Shirron, P.; Di Pirro, M.; Shull, R.D. E-mail: shull@nist.gov

    2003-10-01

    A series of R{sub 3}(Ga{sub 1-x}Fe{sub x}){sub 5}O{sub 12} (R=Gd, Dy, Ho; 0Dy and Ho were chosen since they respectively possess increasing orbital contributions to the total angular magnetic moment of the atom over the zero value for Gd. X-ray data showed that garnet structures were obtained and that improvements over the Gd{sub 3}(Ga{sub 0.5}Fe{sub 0.5}){sub 5}O{sub 12} compound, which was reported in 1992 as possessing enhanced magnetocaloric effects, may be achieved by equilibrating at 1473 K for 15 h, rather than at 1173 K for 15 h as was done in the earlier studies. Magnetometry measurements showed that when Gd was substituted either by Dy or Ho, the material was superparamagnetic, possessing fine magnetic clusters resulting in enhanced magnetocaloric effects ({delta}S{sub m}) with respect to the basic paramagnetic garnet (i.e., x=0). In addition, with variation in ''x'', the optimal {delta}S{sub m} was measured for the x=0.5 compound, similar to that found for the Gd-containing garnet nanocomposites. The optimal {delta}S{sub m} values for the Ho- and Dy-containing compounds, respectively, were found to be about the same or smaller than that for the optimal Gd-containing nanocomposite Gd{sub 3}(Ga{sub 0.5}Fe{sub 0.5}){sub 5}O{sub 12}, despite the increased total angular moment. We interpret these results as indicating a reduction in the interaction strength between the rare-earth elements and the Fe as the Gd is replaced by Dy or Ho, and that Dy reduces this interaction strength faster than does Ho.

  17. Thermal decomposition of RE(C2H5CO2)3·H2O (RE = Dy, Tb, Gd, Eu and Sm)

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Grivel, Jean-Claude

    2014-01-01

    The thermal decomposition of Dy(III), Tb(III), Gd(III), Eu(III), and Sm(III) propionate monohydrates was studied in argon by means of simultaneous differential thermal analysis and thermogravimetry, infrared-spectroscopy, X-ray diffraction, and optical microscopy. After dehydration, which takes p...

  18. Carboxylate-bridged copper(II)-lanthanide(III) complexes [(Cu(3)Ln(2)(oda)(6)(H(2)O)(6)).12H(2)O](n)(Ln = Dy, Ho, Er, Y; oda = oxydiacetate).

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rizzi, Alberto C; Calvo, Rafael; Baggio, Ricardo; Garland, María Teresa; Peña, Octavio; Perec, Mireille

    2002-10-21

    The hydrothermal reaction of Ln(2)O(3) (Ln = Dy and Ho), Cu(OAc)(2).2H(2)O, and oxydiacetic acid in the approximate mole ratio of 1:3:8 resulted in the formation of two new members of the isostructural series of polymers formulated as [(Cu(3)Ln(2)(oda)(6)(H(2)O)(6)).12H(2)O](n), crystallizing in the hexagonal crystal system, space group P6/mcc (No. 192). Temperature-dependent magnetic susceptibilities and EPR spectra are reported for the heterometallic compounds Cu-Dy 1, Cu-Ho 2, Cu-Er 3, and Cu-Y 4. The results are discussed in terms of the structure of the compounds, the electronic properties of the lanthanide ions, and the exchange interactions between the magnetic ions.

  19. Cyclo- and carbophosphazene-supported ligands for the assembly of heterometallic (Cu2+/Ca2+, Cu2+/Dy3+, Cu2+/Tb3+) complexes: synthesis, structure, and magnetism.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Chandrasekhar, Vadapalli; Senapati, Tapas; Dey, Atanu; Das, Sourav; Kalisz, Marguerite; Clérac, Rodolphe

    2012-02-20

    The carbophosphazene and cyclophosphazene hydrazides, [{NC(N(CH(3))(2))}(2){NP{N(CH(3))NH(2)}(2)}] (1) and [N(3)P(3)(O(2)C(12)H(8))(2){N(CH(3))NH(2)}(2)] were condensed with o-vanillin to afford the multisite coordination ligands [{NC(N(CH(3))(2))}(2){NP{N(CH(3))N═CH-C(6)H(3)-(o-OH)(m-OCH(3))}(2)}] (2) and [{N(2)P(2)(O(2)C(12)H(8))(2)}{NP{N(CH(3))N═CH-C (6)H(3)-(o-OH)(m-OCH(3))}(2)}] (3), respectively. These ligands were used for the preparation of heterometallic complexes [{NC(N(CH(3))(2))}(2){NP{N(CH(3))N═CH-C(6)H(3)-(o-O)(m-OCH(3))}(2)}{CuCa(NO(3))(2)}] (4), [{NC(N(CH(3))(2))}(2){NP{N(CH(3))N═CH-C(6)H(3)-(o-O)(m-OCH(3))}(2)}{Cu(2)Ca(2)(NO(3))(4)}]·4H(2)O (5), [{NC(N(CH(3))(2))}(2){NP{N(CH(3))N═CH-C(6)H(3)-(o-O)(m-OCH(3))}(2)}{CuDy(NO(3))(4)}]·CH(3)COCH(3) (6), [{NP(O(2)C(12)H(8))}(2){NP{N(CH(3))N═CH-C(6)H(3)-(o-O)(m-OCH(3))}(2)}{CuDy(NO(3))(3)}] (7), and [{NP(O(2)C(12)H(8))}(2){NP{N(CH(3))N═CH-C(6)H(3)-(o-O)(m-OCH(3))}(2)}{CuTb(NO(3))(3)}] (8). The molecular structures of these compounds reveals that the ligands 2 and 3 possess dual coordination pockets which are used to specifically bind the transition metal ion and the alkaline earth/lanthanide metal ion; the Cu(2+)/Ca(2+), Cu(2+)/Tb(3+), and Cu(2+)/Dy(3+) pairs in these compounds are brought together by phenoxide and methoxy oxygen atoms. While 4, 6, 7, and 8 are dinuclear complexes, 5 is a tetranuclear complex. Detailed magnetic properties on 6-8 reveal that these compounds show weak couplings between the magnetic centers and magnetic anisotropy. However, the ac susceptibility experiments did not reveal any out of phase signal suggesting that in these compounds slow relaxation of magnetization is absent above 1.8 K.

  20. Crystal fields in Sc, Y, and the heavy-rare-earth metals Tb, Dy, Ho, Er, Tm, and Lu

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Touborg, P.

    1977-01-01

    -field parameters for all these 15 alloy systems deduced. The consistency of the parameters was confirmed by a variety of magnetic measurements, including neutron spectroscopy. Crystal-field parameters have also been derived for the ions in pure magnetic rare-earth metals and their alloys using the results......—with the inaccuracies somewhat increased—are expected to be representative also for the magnetic rare-earth metals. For rare-earth ions in the Sc host the values B40 / β=9.9±1.9 K, B60 / γ=19.8±1.5 K, and B66 / γ=(9.4±0.9)β60 / γ were deduced. B20 / α is a host-sensitive parameter which has the average values of -102.......7, -53.4, and 29.5 K for rare-earth ions in Y, Lu, and Sc, respectively. There is also evidence that this parameter varies with the solute. B20 / α for ions in the pure magnetic rare-earth metals and their alloys shows a linear variation with c / a ratio characteristic of each ion. The results indicate...

  1. Trap Depth Engineering of SrSi2O2N2:Ln2+,Ln3+(Ln2+= Yb, Eu; Ln3+= Dy, Ho, Er) Persistent Luminescence Materials for Information Storage Applications.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zhuang, Yixi; Lv, Ying; Wang, Le; Chen, Wenwei; Zhou, Tian-Liang; Takeda, Takashi; Hirosaki, Naoto; Xie, Rong-Jun

    2018-01-17

    Deep-trap persistent luminescence materials exhibit unique properties of energy storage and controllable photon release under additional stimulation, allowing for both wavelength and intensity multiplexing to realize high-capacity storage in the next-generation information storage system. However, the lack of suitable persistent luminescence materials with deep traps is the bottleneck of such storage technologies. In this study, we successfully developed a series of novel deep-trap persistent luminescence materials in the Ln 2+ /Ln 3+ -doped SrSi 2 O 2 N 2 system (Ln 2+ = Yb, Eu; Ln 3+ = Dy, Ho, Er) by applying the strategy of trap depth engineering. Interestingly, the trap depth can be tailored by selecting different codopants, and it monotonically increases from 0.90 to 1.18 eV in the order of Er, Ho, and Dy. This is well explained by the energy levels indicated in the host-referred binding energy scheme. The orange-red-emitting SrSi 2 O 2 N 2 :Yb,Dy and green-emitting SrSi 2 O 2 N 2 :Eu,Dy phosphors are demonstrated to be good candidates of information storage materials, which are attributed to their deep traps, narrow thermoluminescence glow bands, high emission efficiency, and excellent chemical stability. This work not only validates the suitability of deep-trap persistent luminescence materials in the information storage applications, but also broadens the avenue to explore such kinds of new materials for applications in anticounterfeiting and advanced displays.

  2. Metal-insulator transitions, structural and microstructural evolution of RNiO{sub 3} (R = Sm, Eu, Gd, Dy, Ho, Y) perovskites: Evidence for room-temperature charge disproportionation in monoclinic HoNiO{sub 3} and YNiO{sub 3}

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Alonso, J.A.; Martinez-Lope, M.J.; Casais, M.T.; Arangda, M.A.G.; Fernandez-Diaz, M.T. [C.S.I.C., Madrid (Spain). Inst. de Ciencia de Materiales]|[Univ. de Malaga (Spain). Dept. de Quimica Inorganica, Cristalografia y Mineralogia]|[Institut Laue-Langevin, Grenoble (France)

    1999-05-26

    RNiO{sub 3} nickelates have been prepared under high oxygen pressure (R = Sm, Eu, Gd) or high hydrostatic pressure (R = Dy, Ho, Y) in the presence of KClO{sub 4}. The samples have been investigated at room temperature (RT) by synchrotron X-ray powder diffraction to follow the evolution of the crystal structures and microstructures along the series. The distortion of the orthorhombic (space group Pbnm) perovskite progressively increases along the series, leading for the smallest Ho{sup 3+} and Y{sup 3+} cations to a subtle monoclinic distortion (space group P2{sub 1}/n) which implies the splitting of the Ni positions in the crystal. This symmetry was confirmed by neutron powder diffraction; the crystal structures for R = Ho and Y were refined simultaneously from RT synchrotron and neutron powder diffraction data. In both perovskites the oxygen octahedra around Ni1 and Ni2 positions are significantly distorted, suggesting the manifestation of Jahn-Teller effect, which is almost absent in the nickelates` of lighter rare earths. The very distinct mean Ni-O bond distances observed for Ni1 and Ni2 atoms at RT, in the insulating regime, suggest the presence of a charge disproportionation effect, considered as driving force for the splitting of the Ni positions. The metal-insulator (MI) transitions for RNiO{sub 3} (R = Gd, Dy, Ho, Y), above room temperature, have been characterized by DSC. The transition temperatures for Gd, Dy, Ho, and Y oxides in the heating runs are 510.7, 563.9, 572.7, and 581.9 K, respectively. The increasing rate of T{sub MI} for Dy, Ho, and Y materials is lower than that expected from the variation of T{sub MI} for the larger rare earth perovskites. This is probably related to the subtle monoclinic distortion found for Ho and Y nickelates. The high-resolution synchrotron X-ray powder patterns have revealed changes in the microstructure along the series. Powder patterns for orthorhombic RNiO{sub 3} (R = Sm, Eu, Gd, Dy) display asymmetric tails for

  3. A Multifunctional Tb-MOF for Highly Discriminative Sensing of Eu3+/Dy3+and as a Catalyst Support of Ag Nanoparticles.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Xu, Guo-Wang; Wu, Ya-Pan; Dong, Wen-Wen; Zhao, Jun; Wu, Xue-Qian; Li, Dong-Sheng; Zhang, Qichun

    2017-06-01

    Exploring novel multifunctional rare earth materials is very important because these materials have fundamental interests, such as new structural facts and connecting modes, as well as potential technological applications, including optics, magnetic properties, sorption, and catalytic behaviors. Especially, employing these nanomaterials for sensing or catalytic reactions is still very challenging. Herein, a new superstable, anionic terbium-metal-organic-framework, [H 2 N(CH 3 ) 2 ][Tb(cppa) 2 (H 2 O) 2 ], (China Three Gorges University (CTGU-1), H 2 cppa = 5-(4-carboxyphenyl)picolinic acid), is successfully prepared, which can be used as a turn-on, highly-sensitive fluorescent sensor to detect Eu 3+ and Dy 3+ , with a detection limitation of 5 × 10 -8 and 1 × 10 -4 m in dimethylformamide, respectively. This result represents the first example of lanthanide-metal-organic-frameworks (Ln-MOF) that can be employed as a discriminative fluorescent probe to recognize Eu 3+ and Dy 3+ . In addition, through ion exchanging at room temperature, Ag(I) can be readily reduced in situ and embedded in the anionic framework, which leads to the formation of nanometal-particle@Ln-MOF composite with uniform size and distribution. The as-prepared Ag@CTGU-1 shows remarkable catalytic performance to reduce 4-nitrophenol, with a reduction rate constant κ as large as 2.57 × 10 -2 s -1 ; almost the highest value among all reported noble-metal-nanoparticle@MOF composites. © 2017 WILEY-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA, Weinheim.

  4. Structural elucidation and magnetic behavior evaluation of rare earth (La, Nd, Gd, Tb, Dy) doped BaCoNi-X hexagonal nano-sized ferrites

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Majeed, Abdul, E-mail: abdulmajeed2276@gmail.com [Department of Physics, The Islamia University of Bahawalpur, Bahawalpur 63100 (Pakistan); Khan, Muhammad Azhar, E-mail: azhar.khan@iub.edu.pk [Department of Physics, The Islamia University of Bahawalpur, Bahawalpur 63100 (Pakistan); Raheem, Faseeh ur; Hussain, Altaf; Iqbal, F. [Department of Physics, The Islamia University of Bahawalpur, Bahawalpur 63100 (Pakistan); Murtaza, Ghulam [Centre for Advanced Studies in Physics, Government College University, Lahore 54000 (Pakistan); Akhtar, Majid Niaz [Department of Physics, COMSATS Institute of Information Technology, Lahore 54000 (Pakistan); Shakir, Imran [Deanship of Scientific Research, College of Engineering, King Saud University, PO Box 800, Riyadh 11421 (Saudi Arabia); Warsi, Muhammad Farooq [Department of Chemistry, The Islamia University of Bahawalpur, Bahawalpur 63100 (Pakistan)

    2016-06-15

    Rare-earth (RE=La{sup 3+}, Nd{sup 3+}, Gd{sup 3+}, Tb{sup 3+}, Dy{sup 3+}) doped Ba{sub 2}NiCoRE{sub x}Fe{sub 28−x}O{sub 46} (x=0.25) hexagonal ferrites were synthesized for the first time via micro-emulsion route, which is a fast chemistry route for obtaining nano-sized ferrite powders. These nanomaterials were investigated by X-ray diffraction (XRD), Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy (FTIR), as well as vibrating sample magnetometer (VSM). The XRD analysis exhibited that all the samples crystallized into single X-type hexagonal phase. The crystalline size calculated by Scherrer's formula was found in the range 7–19 nm. The variations in lattice parameters elucidated the incorporation of rare-earth cations in these nanomaterials. FTIR absorption spectra of these X-type ferrites were investigated in the wave number range 500–2400 cm{sup −1.} Each spectrum exhibited absorption bands in the low wave number range, thereby confirming the X-type hexagonal structure. The enhancement in the coercivity was observed with the doping of rare-earth cations. The saturation magnetization was lowered owing to the redistribution of rare-earth cations on the octahedral site (3b{sub VI}). The higher values of coercivity (664–926 Oe) of these nanomaterials suggest their use in longitudinal recording media. - Graphical abstract: Nano-sized rare-earth (RE=La{sup 3+}, Nd{sup 3+}, Gd{sup 3+}, Tb{sup 3+}, Dy{sup 3+}) doped Ba{sub 2}NiCoRE{sub x}Fe{sub 28−x}O{sub 46} (x=0.25) hexagonal ferrites were synthesized for the first time via micro-emulsion route and the crystallite size was found in the range 7–19 nm. The enhancement in the coercivity was observed with the doping of rare-earth cations. The higher values of coercivity (664–926 Oe) of these nanomaterials suggest their use in longitudinal recording media. - Highlights: • Micro-emulsion route was used to synthesize Ba{sub 2}NiCoRE{sub x}Fe{sub 28−x}O{sub 46} ferrites. • The crystallite size was found

  5. Effects of rare earth ions (Tb, Ce, Eu, Dy) on the thermoluminescence characteristics of sol-gel derived and γ-irradiated SiO2 nanoparticles.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bajpai, Namrata; Tiwari, Ashish; Khan, S A; Kher, R S; Bramhe, Namita; Dhoble, S J

    2014-09-01

    Highly pure SiO2 and SiO2 :RE nanoparticles were synthesized by the sol-gel method. The morphological, structural and optical properties of the nanoparticles were characterized by X-ray diffraction (XRD), scanning electron microscopy (SEM) and transmission electron microscopy (TEM). XRD results indicate that all the samples studied were free from impurities. SEM/TEM results indicate that the samples were well dispersed. Surface characterization of the nanocrystals by Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy has been carried out and the structure of surface-bound SiO2 based on spectral analysis is proposed. Thermoluminescence (TL) characteristics were investigated to study the influence of rare earth dopants (Tb, Ce, Eu, Dy) on SiO2 matrix subjected to 0.5 kG (1 h) γ-irradiation. Among these rare earth elements, Eu(3+) was found to be the most efficient dopant for SiO2 showing maximum thermoluminescence intensity. SiO2 :Eu0.5 seems to be a promising candidate for use as a TL dosimeter. Copyright © 2013 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.

  6. Hydrothermal synthesis, characterization, and luminescence of Ca{sub 2}B{sub 2}O{sub 5}:RE (RE = Eu{sup 3+}, Tb{sup 3+}, Dy{sup 3+}) nanofibers

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Yang, Li; Wan, Yingpeng; Li, Yuze; Pu, Yinfu; Huang, Yanlin, E-mail: huang@suda.edu.cn [Soochow University, State and Local Joint Engineering Laboratory for Novel Functional Polymeric Materials, College of Chemistry, Chemical Engineering and Materials Science (China); Chen, Cuili; Seo, Hyo Jin, E-mail: hjseo@pknu.ac.kr [Pukyong National University, Department of Physics and Interdisciplinary Program of Biomedical Engineering (Korea, Republic of)

    2016-04-15

    Ca{sub 2}B{sub 2}O{sub 5}:RE (RE = Eu{sup 3+}, Tb{sup 3+}, Dy{sup 3+}) nanofibers were synthesized by the hydrothermal reaction method. The structural refinement was conducted on the base of the X-ray powder diffraction (XRD) measurements. The surface properties of the Ca{sub 2}B{sub 2}O{sub 5}:RE (RE = Eu{sup 3+}, Tb{sup 3+}, Dy{sup 3+}) nanofibers were investigated by the measurements such as the scanning electron microscope (SEM), transmission electron microscope (TEM), and the energy dispersive spectrum (EDS). The nanofiber has a diameter of about 100 nm and a length of several micrometers. The luminescence properties such as photoluminescence excitation (PLE) and emission spectra (PL), decay lifetime, color coordinates, and the absolute internal quantum efficiency (QE) were reported. Ca{sub 2}B{sub 2}O{sub 5}:Eu{sup 3+} nanofibers show the red luminescence with CIE coordinates of (x = 0.41, y = 0.51) and the luminescence lifetime of 0.63 ms. The luminescence of Ca{sub 2}B{sub 2}O{sub 5}:Tb{sup 3+} nanofibers is green color (x = 0.29, y = 0.53) with the lifetime of 2.13 ms. However, Dy{sup 3+}-doped Ca{sub 2}B{sub 2}O{sub 5} nanofibers present a single-phase white-color phosphor with the fluorescence decay of 3.05 ms. Upon near-UV excitation, the absolute quantum efficiency is measured to be 65, 35, and 37 % for Eu{sup 3+}-, Tb{sup 3+}-, Dy{sup 3+}-doped Ca{sub 2}B{sub 2}O{sub 5} nanofibers, respectively. It is suggested that Ca{sub 2}B{sub 2}O{sub 5}:RE (RE = Eu{sup 3+}, Tb{sup 3+}, Dy{sup 3+}) nanofibers could be an efficient phosphor for lighting and display.

  7. Synthesis, characterization, and in vitro evaluation of a radio-metal organic framework composed of in vivo generator {sup 166}Dy/{sup 166}Ho and DOTMP as a novel agent for bone marrow ablation

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Vosoghi, Sara; Shirvani-Arani, Simindokht; Bahrami-Samani, Ali; Salek, Nafise; Mirerezaei, Ehsan; Jalilian, Amir Reza [Nuclear Science and Technology Research Institute (NSTRI), Tehran (Iran, Islamic Republic of)

    2016-07-01

    In this study, the MOF concept contributed to the preparation of a novel, bone-ablating agent composed of Cu(II) using the in vivo generator {sup 166}Dy/{sup 166}Ho and 1,4,7,10-tetraazacyclododecane-1,4,7,10-tetramethylene phosphonic acid (DOTMP). The product was characterized (IR, elemental analysis: CHN, ICM-MS, PIXE, DLS, XRD) and quality-controlled (radio-thin layer chromatography (RTLC)). The stability and in vitro hydroxyapatite binding was checked up to one week at 37 C in human serum. Radio-MOF crystals and colloidal radio-MOF particles were obtained by varying the synthesizing conditions (including pH and temperature), and they had similar IR patterns and similar elemental analysis results. The estimated chemical formula was [1Lu-1Cu-1Cl-1DOTMP] for both. The final product was synthesized at pH = 8 while stirring at room temperature using {sup 166}Dy/{sup 166}Ho-nitrate, CuCl{sub 2}, and DOTMP (yield > 99%, RTLC). Dynamic light scattering (DLS) measurements showed particles in the size range of 60 to 100 nm for the resultant radio-MOF particles (RMP). In vitro binding experiments showed acceptable bone-seeking affinity of the prepared formula even after one week of storage in human serum at 37 C. Importantly, this is the first study of the use of the MOF concept to provide a highly-stable organometallic compound containing {sup 166}Dy/{sup 166}Ho in vivo generator for bone marrow ablation.

  8. Indium flux synthesis of RE4Ni2InGe4 (RE = Dy, Ho, Er, and Tm): an ordered quaternary variation on the binary phase Mg5Si6.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Salvador, James R; Kanatzidis, Mercouri G

    2006-09-04

    The quaternary compounds RE4Ni2InGe4 (RE = Dy, Ho, Er, and Tm) were obtained as large single crystals in high yields from reactions run in liquid In. The title compounds crystallize in the monoclinic C2/m space group with the Mg(5)Si(6) structure type with lattice parameters a = 15.420(2) A, b = 4.2224(7) A, c = 7.0191(11) A, and beta = 108.589(2) degrees for Dy4Ni2InGe4, a = 15.373(4) A, b = 4.2101(9) A, c = 6.9935(15) A, and beta = 108.600(3) degrees for Ho4Ni2InGe4, a = 15.334(7) A, b = 4.1937(19) A, c = 6.975(3) A, and beta =108.472(7) degrees for Er4Ni2InGe4, and a = 15.253(2) A, b = 4.1747(6) A, c = 6.9460(9) A, and beta = 108.535(2) degrees for Tm4Ni2InGe4. RE4Ni2InGe4 formed in liquid In from a melt that was rich in the rare-earth component. These compounds are polar intermetallic phases with a cationic rare-earth substructure embedded in a transition metal and main group matrix. The rare-earth atoms form a highly condensed network, leading to interatomic distances that are similar to those found in the elemental lanthanides themselves. The Dy and Ho analogues display two maxima in the susceptibility, suggesting antiferromagnetic ordering behavior and an accompanying spin reorientation. The Er analogue shows only one maximum in the susceptibility, and no magnetic ordering was observed for the Tm compound down to 2 K.

  9. Polarized luminescence of Y sub 3 Al sub 5 O sub 1 sub 2 -Tb and Y sub 3 Al sub 5 O sub 1 sub 2 -Ho garnets controllable by magnetic field

    CERN Document Server

    Valiev, U V; Sokolov, B Y

    2002-01-01

    One studied spectra of circularly polarized luminescence of Y sub 3 Al sub 5 O sub 1 sub 2 -Tb and Y sub 3 Al sub 5 O sub 1 sub 2 -Ho garnets within sup 5 D sub 4 -> sup 7 F sub 5 -transition wave length range in Tb sup 3 sup + and within sup 5 S sub 2 -> sup 5 I sub 8 -transition wave length range in Ho sup 3 sup + ion. One detected substantial difference in intensity of orthogonal circularly polarized garnets. The obtained results enable to conclude that strong effect of magnetic field on intensity of oscillator of 4f -> 4f-transitions is general phenomenon in rare-earth system with energy spectrum quasi-doublet structure. Contribution of mixing in external magnetic field of Tb sup 3 sup + and Ho sup 3 sup + ion electron states may play essential role in magnetooptics of such systems

  10. A series of lithium rare earth polyphosphates [LiLn(PO 3) 4] (Ln = Tb, Ho, Yb) and their structural, optical, and electronic properties

    Science.gov (United States)

    Fang, Ming; Cheng, Wen-Dan; Xie, Zhi; Zhang, Hao; Zhao, Dan; Zhang, Wei-Long; Yang, Song-Lin

    2008-11-01

    The structural, optical, and electronic properties of a series of lithium rare earth polyphosphates [LiLn(PO 3) 4] [Ln = Tb(1), Ho(2), Yb(3)] have been investigated by means of single-crystal X-ray diffraction, spectroscopic measurements and calculations of energy-band structures, density of states, and optical response functions by density functional methods. These LiLn(PO 3) 4 systems are monoclinic with space group C2 /c and Z = 4. Their unit-cell parameters decrease as the ionic radius of Ln 3+ decreases (Tb 3+ > Ho 3+ > Yb 3+). Both (PO 4) 3- zig-zag chains and infinite chains formed by the alternate connection of LnO 8 polyhedra and LiO 4 tetrahedra run parallel to the b-axis in the structure. The energy-band structures, density of states, the chemical bonds, and optical properties have been investigated by density functional methods for LiYb(PO 3) 4.

  11. Magnetoelectric effect in two-layered self-biased composites Tb{sub 0.12}Dy{sub 0.2}Fe{sub 0.68}/epoxy - PbZr{sub 0.53}Ti{sub 0.47}O{sub 3}

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Kalgin, A.V.; Gridnev, S.A.; Popov, I.I. [Voronezh State Technical University, Voronezh (Russian Federation)

    2017-03-15

    Direct magnetoelectric (ME) effect in two-layered Tb{sub 0.12}Dy{sub 0.2}Fe{sub 0.68}/Epoxy - PbZr{sub 0.53}Ti{sub 0.47}O{sub 3} composites containing magnetostrictive layers of the epoxy with distributed in it Tb{sub 0.12}Dy{sub 0.2}Fe{sub 0.68} granules and piezoelectric layers of the PbZr{sub 0.53}Ti{sub 0.47}O{sub 3} ceramics was studied. It was found, that the gradient distribution of Tb{sub 0.12}Dy{sub 0.2}Fe{sub 0.68} granules in magnetostrictive layers induces the internal (self-biased) magnetic field. This field leads to the increase in ME responses in composites with the gradient distribution of Tb{sub 0.12}Dy{sub 0.2}Fe{sub 0.68} granules in magnetostrictive layers as compared with ME responses in composites with the random distribution of Tb{sub 0.12}Dy{sub 0.2}Fe{sub 0.68} granules in magnetostrictive layers, which does not induce the internal magnetic field. We revealed the possibility of controlling and determining values of the internal magnetic field in composites and conditions for obtaining optimal ME responses. (copyright 2017 WILEY-VCH Verlag GmbH and Co. KGaA, Weinheim)

  12. Synthesis, luminescence and photometric characteristics of Ca{sub 0.5}La(MoO{sub 4}){sub 2}:Ln{sup 3+} (Ln = Eu, Tb, Dy) phosphors

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Krishnan, Rajagopalan [Department of Physics, B. S. Abdur Rahman University, Vandalur, Chennai 600048, Tamil Nadu (India); Thirumalai, Jagannathan, E-mail: jthirumalai@bsauniv.ac.in [Department of Physics, B. S. Abdur Rahman University, Vandalur, Chennai 600048, Tamil Nadu (India); Mahalingam, Venkatakrishnan [Department of Physics, B. S. Abdur Rahman University, Vandalur, Chennai 600048, Tamil Nadu (India); Mantha, Srinivas [Department of ECE, SASTRA University, Tirumalaisamudram, Thanjavur 613401 (India); Lavanya, Manthramoorthy [Department of Physics, B. S. Abdur Rahman University, Vandalur, Chennai 600048, Tamil Nadu (India)

    2015-07-15

    Ca{sub 0.5}La(MoO{sub 4}){sub 2}:Ln{sup 3+} phosphors, where Ln = 4, 8, 12, 16, and 20 mol% of Eu, Tb, or Dy, were successfully synthesized by a conventional solid-state reaction method at 900 °C for 3 h. The Ca{sub 0.5}La(MoO{sub 4}){sub 2}:Ln{sup 3+} phosphors exhibit a scheelite tetragonal crystal structure belonging to the I4{sub 1}/a space group. The strong absorption bands seen in Fourier transform infrared (FTIR) spectra confirm that F{sub 2}(ν{sub 3}) modes of vibration are IR active. The photoluminescence(PL) spectra reveal that, under optical excitation, the as-synthesized phosphors show high intensity narrow emission bands in the red (615 nm), and green (545 nm), and yellow (570 nm) regions for samples doped with Eu{sup 3+}, Tb{sup 3+}, and Dy{sup 3+} ions, respectively. The critical concentrations of Eu{sup 3+}, Tb{sup 3+}, and Dy{sup 3+} as dopants in Ca{sub 0.5}La(MoO{sub 4}){sub 2} were found to be 16, 12 and 12 mol%, respectively. Thereafter, concentration quenching effect occurred in the solid solutions. The fluorescence decay times for the major transitions of {sup 5}D{sub 0} → {sup 7}F{sub 2}, {sup 5}D{sub 4} → {sup 7}F{sub 5}, and {sup 4}F{sub 9/2} → {sup 6}H{sub 13/2} were estimated for different doping concentrations of Eu{sup 3+}, Tb{sup 3+}, and Dy{sup 3+} in Ca{sub 0.5}La(MoO{sub 4}){sub 2}, respectively. To determine the color purity and emission quality of the phosphor, photometric parameters such as color chromaticity coordinates, color correlated temperature (CCT), color rendering index (CRI), and luminous efficacy of radiation (LER) were estimated using the spectral energy distribution functions of the Ca{sub 0.5}La(MoO{sub 4}){sub 2}:Ln{sup 3+} phosphors. - Graphical abstract: Display Omitted - Highlights: • Single crystalline ceramic phosphor Ca{sub 0.5}La(MoO{sub 4}){sub 2}:Ln{sup 3+} were successfully synthesized. • The phosphor exhibits scheelite tetragonal crystal structure with space group I41/a. • Luminescence

  13. Features of magnetic and thermal properties of R(Co{sub 1−x}Fe{sub x}){sub 2} (x≤0.16) quasibinary compounds with R=Dy, Ho, Er

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Anikin, Maksim; Tarasov, Evgeniy; Kudrevatykh, Nikolay [Institute of Natural Sciences, Ural Federal University, Ekaterinburg 620002 (Russian Federation); Inishev, Aleksander [Institute of Metal Physics, Ekaterinburg 620137 (Russian Federation); Semkin, Mikhail; Volegov, Aleksey; Zinin, Aleksander [Institute of Natural Sciences, Ural Federal University, Ekaterinburg 620002 (Russian Federation)

    2016-11-15

    In this work the results of measurements of high field susceptibility, paraprocess susceptibility and thermal properties of R(Co{sub 1−x}Fe{sub x}){sub 2} intermetallic compounds (R=Dy, Ho, Er and x=(0−0.16)) are presented (heat capacity and magnetocaloric effect (MCE)). A magnetic structure of the Ho(Co{sub 0.88}Fe{sub 0.12}){sub 2} at 293 K and 78 K was studied by neutron powder diffraction. Some peculiarities of a high-field susceptibility were revealed at low temperatures and around the Curie point (T{sub C}). In temperature range lower than T{sub C} by (100–150) K, magnetic contributions to a zero-field heat capacity were found. Studying MCE in wide temperatures range, the large change of the entropy magnetic contribution (∆S) was observed which correlates with ∆T phenomenon. In particular, for the Er(Co{sub 0.84}Fe{sub 0.16}){sub 2} compound the ∆S value at low temperatures is six times higher than that at Curie point. The possible reasons of such behavior were discussed. - Highlights: • Magnetic and magnetocaloric properties of R(Co–Fe){sub 2} compounds have been studied. • Fe introduction induces the disorientation effect in Ho-ions magnetic ordering. • Emergence of magnetic contribution to a heat capacity at temperatures less T{sub C}. • The existence of a broad maximum on a temperature dependence of the MCE. • Direct MCE measurements at magnetic field of (0–17.5) kOe have been performed.

  14. Hydrogenation Properties of Laves Phases LnMg2 (Ln = La, Ce, Pr, Nd, Sm, Eu, Gd, Tb, Ho, Er, Tm, Yb).

    Science.gov (United States)

    Werwein, Anton; Maaß, Florian; Dorsch, Leonhard Y; Janka, Oliver; Pöttgen, Rainer; Hansen, Thomas C; Kimpton, Justin; Kohlmann, Holger

    2017-12-18

    The hydrogenation properties of Laves phases LnMg2 (Ln = La, Ce, Pr, Nd, Sm, Eu, Gd, Tb, Ho, Er, Tm, Yb) were investigated by thermal analysis, X-ray, synchrotron, and neutron powder diffraction. At 14.0 MPa hydrogen gas pressure and 393 K, PrMg2 and NdMg2 take up hydrogen and form the colorless, ternary hydrides PrMg2H7 (P41212, a = 632.386(6) pm, c = 945.722(11) pm) and NdMg2H7 (P41212, a = 630.354(9) pm, c = 943.018(16) pm). The crystal structures were refined by the Rietveld method from neutron powder diffraction data on the deuterides (PrMg2D7, P41212, a = 630.56(2) pm, c = 943.27(3) pm; NdMg2D7, P41212, a = 628.15(2) pm, c = 940.32(3) pm) and shown to be isotypic to LaMg2D7. The LaMg2D7 type of hydrides decompose at 695 K (La), 684 K (Ce), 684 K (Pr), 672 K (Nd), and 639 K (Sm) to lanthanide hydrides and magnesium. The Laves phase EuMg2 forms a hydride EuMg2Hx of black color. Its crystal structure (P212121, a = 664.887(4) pm, b = 1136.993(7) pm, c = 1069.887(7) pm) is closely related to the hexagonal Laves phase (MgZn2 type) of the hydrogen-free parent intermetallic. GdMg2 and TbMg2 form hydrides GdMg2Hx with orthorhombic unit cells (a = 1282.7(4) pm, b = 572.5(2) pm, c = 881.7(2) pm) and TbMg2Hx (a = 617.8(3) pm, b = 1045.8(8) pm, c = 997.1(5) pm), presumably also with a distorted MgZn2 type of structure. CeMg2H7 and NdMg2H7 are paramagnetic with effective magnetic moments of 2.49(1) μB and 3.62(1) μB, respectively, in good agreement with the calculated magnetic moments of the free trivalent rare-earth cations (μcalc(Ce3+) = 2.54 μB; μcalc(Nd3+) = 3.62 μB).

  15. Crystallographic and magnetic properties of R sub 3 Fe sub 2 sub 9 sub - sub x V sub x N sub 4 (R=Y, Ce, Nd, Sm, Gd, Tb, and Dy)

    CERN Document Server

    Han Xiu Feng; Li Qi; Zhang Mao Cai; Zhou Shou Zeng

    1998-01-01

    A systematic investigation of crystallographic and magnetic properties of nitride R sub 3 Fe sub 2 sub 9 sub - sub x V sub x N sub 4 (R = Y, Ce, Nd, Sm, Gd, Tb, and Dy) has been performed. Nitrogenation leads to a relative volume expansion of about 6%. The lattice constants and unit cell volume decrease with increasing rare-earth atomic number from Nd to Dy, reflecting the lanthanide contraction. On average, the Curie temperature increases due to the nitrogenation to about 200 K compared with its parent compound. Generally speaking, nitrogenation also results in a remarkable improvement of the saturation magnetization and anisotropy fields at 4.2 K and room temperature for R sub 3 Fe sub 2 sub 9 sub - sub x V sub x N sub 4 compared with their parent compounds. The transition temperature indicates the spin reorientations of R sub 3 Fe sub 2 sub 9 sub - sub x V sub x N sub 4 for R Nd and Sm are at around 375 and 370 K which are higher than that of R sub 3 Fe sub 2 sub 9 sub - sub x V sub x for R = Nd and Sm 145...

  16. Investigation of local magnetism in RZn (R = Ce, Gd, Tb, Dy) and GdCu intermetallic compounds using perturbed angular correlation gamma-gamma spectroscopy; Investigacao do magnetismo local em compostos intermetalicos do tipo RZn (R = Ce, Gd, Tb, Dy) e GdCu pela espectroscopia de correlacao angular gama-gama perturbada

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Santos, Brianna Bosch dos

    2010-07-01

    This work presents, from a microscopic point of view, a systematic study of the local magnetism in RZn (R = Ce, Gd, Tb, Dy) and GdCu intermetallic compounds through measurements of hyperfine interactions using the Perturbed Angular Correlation Gamma- Gamma Spectroscopy technique with {sup 111}In {yields} {sup 111}Cd and {sup 140}La {yields} {sup 140}Ce as probe nuclei. As the magnetism in these compounds originates from the 4f electrons of the rare-earth elements it is interesting to observe in a systematic study of RZn compounds the behavior of the magnetic hyperfine field with the variation of the number of 4f electrons in the R element. The use of probe nuclei {sup 140}La {yields} {sup 140}Ce is interesting because Ce{sup +3} ion posses one 4f electron which may contribute to the total hyperfine field, and the results showed anomalous behavior. The results for {sup 111}Cd probe showed that the temperature dependence of the magnetic hyperfine field follows the Brillouin function, and the magnetic hyperfine field decreases linearly with increase of the atomic number of rare earth when plotted as a function of the rare-earth J spin projection, showing that the main contribution to the magnetic hyperfine field in RZn compounds comes from the polarization of the conduction electrons. The results for the electric field gradient measured with {sup 111}Cd for all compounds showed a strong decrease with the atomic number of the rare-earth element. We have therefore assumed that the major contribution to the electric field gradient originates from the 4f electrons of the rare-earths. The measurements of the electric field gradient for GdCu with {sup 111}Cd, after temperature decreases and increases again showed that two different structures, CsCl-type cubic and FeB-type orthorhombic structures co-exist. Finally, it is the first time that measurements of hyperfine parameters have been carried out with theses two probe nuclei in the studied RZn. (author)

  17. Lanthanide-organic coordination frameworks showing new 5-connected network topology and 3D ordered array of single-molecular magnet behavior in the Dy case.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Chen, Min; Sañudo, E Carolina; Jiménez, Erika; Fang, Shao-Ming; Liu, Chun-Sen; Du, Miao

    2014-07-07

    Five isostructural lanthanide-organic coordination frameworks with a unique 3-D 5-connected (4(7).6(3))(4(3).6(5).8(2)) network, namely, [Ln(phen)(L)]n (Ln = Dy for 1, Gd for 2, Ho for 3, Er for 4, and Tb for 5), have been prepared based on bridging 5-hydroxyisophthalic acid (H3L) and chelating 1,10-phenanthroline (phen) coligand. Significantly, the Dy(III) complex 1 is an organized array of single-molecular magnets (SMMs), with frequency-dependent out-of-phase ac susceptibility signals and magnetization hysteresis at 4 K. Further analysis of the magnetic results can reveal that the SMM behavior of 1 should arise from the smaller ferromagnetic interaction between the Dy(III) ions. Complex 1 was also characterized by X-ray absorption spectra, which give the clear X-ray magnetic circular dichroism signal.

  18. Stabilization of new forms of the intermetallic phases beta-RENiGe2 (RE = Dy, Ho, Er, Tm, Yb, Lu) in liquid indium.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Salvador, J R; Gour, J R; Bilc, D; Mahanti, S D; Kanatzidis, M G

    2004-02-23

    Flux conditions using liquid indium bypass the thermodynamically stable structure and yield new forms of the phases RENiGe2 (RE = Dy, Er, Yb, Lu). The compounds crystallize in the orthorhombic Immm space group and possess the YIrGe2 structure type. Lattice parameters for ErNiGe2, DyNiGe2, YbNiGe2, and LuNiGe2 are a = 4.114(1) A, b = 8.430(2) A, c = 15.741(5) A; a = 4.1784(9) A, b = 8.865(2) A, c = 15.745(3) A; a = 4.0935(6) A, b = 8.4277(13) A, c = 15.751(2) A, and a = 4.092(1) A, b = 8.418(3) A, c = 15.742(5) A, respectively. These phases represent a new structural arrangement (beta) of the compound type RENiGe2 as another set of compounds with identical stoichiometry are known to adopt the orthorhombic Cmcm CeNiSi2 type structure (alpha). In this paper we report the crystal and electronic band structure of four new members of the YIrGe2 structure type, as well as an investigation of the relative thermodynamic stabilities of the two forms.

  19. Structures, luminescent and magnetic properties of six lanthanide-organic frameworks: observation of slow magnetic relaxation behavior in the DyIII compound.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hou, Yin-Ling; Xiong, Gang; Shen, Bo; Zhao, Bin; Chen, Zhi; Cui, Jian-Zhong

    2013-03-14

    Six novel three-dimensional (3D) lanthanide metal-organic frameworks (LnMOFs), {[Ln(2)(ispc)(3)(H(2)O)(3)]·mH(2)O}(n) (Ln = Pr (1, m = 5); Eu (2, m = 5); Gd (3, m = 4); Tb (4, m = 5); Dy (5, m = 5) and Ho (6, m = 4)), ispc = 3-(4-carboxyphenylsulfonyloxy)-4-methoxybenzoic anion) have been synthesized under hydrothermal conditions. Single crystal X-ray diffraction revealed they are isostructural and crystallize in the triclinic crystal system, space group P1[combining macron]. The investigations on luminescent properties and lifetimes of 2 (Eu(III)), 4 (Tb(III)), and 5 (Dy(III)) exhibit characteristic emissions of Eu(III), Tb(III) and Dy(III) ions and the corresponding luminescent lifetimes are 0.14 ms, 9.93 μs and 1.25 ms, respectively. The different luminescent intensities and lifetimes among them were further discussed. Furthermore, magnetic studies of 1-6 reveal that 3-6 exhibit ferromagnetic coupling, and 5 (Dy(III)) exhibits remarkably slow magnetic relaxation behavior with the energy barrier ΔE/k(B) = 49.2 K.

  20. Suppression of impurity phases and the study of magnetic and magnetocaloric properties of Ho2Co2Al intermetallic compound

    Science.gov (United States)

    Balfour, E. A.; Shang, Y. F.; Fu, H.; El-Gendy, Ahmed A.; Hadimani, R. L.; Luo, Y.

    2017-12-01

    The R2Co2Al compounds (R = Tb, Dy, Ho, Er, Tm) are known to contain RCoAl-type impurity. In order to suppress the impurity phase in Ho2Co2Al intermetallic compound, nonstoichiometric samples with excess rare-earth Ho were prepared and annealed. Structural analysis indicates that annealed nonstoichiometric Ho42Co40Al20 sample, with 2 at% excess Ho, comprises the Ho2Co2Al phase and minor traces of Ho2O3 oxide. Magnetic and magnetocaloric properties of the sample have been studied in detail. The alloy undergoes three phase transitions at 9 K, 21 K and 30 K. The multiple transitions and broadening effect of second-order phase transitions (SOT) on peak magnetic entropy change (-ΔSM), result in good refrigerant capacities (RCareas) of 136.9 and 437 J/kg under field changes (ΔH) of 2 and 5 T, respectively. These values of RCarea and their corresponding large -ΔSM peak magnitudes of 9.1 and 18.4 J/kg K under ΔH = 2 and 5 T, respectively, make Ho2Co2Al a promising and competitively good candidate magnetic refrigerant for low temperature cooling applications such as liquefaction of hydrogen gas.

  1. Growth and characterization of PLD grown Dy{sub 0.4} Ho{sub 0.6}Ba{sub 2}Cu{sub 3}O{sub z} thin films

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Murugesan, M.; Obara, H.; Kosaka, S.; Nakagawa, Y.; Nie, J.C.; Yamasaki, H

    2004-09-01

    Rare earth mixed Dy{sub 0.4}Ho{sub 0.6}Ba{sub 2}Cu{sub 3}O{sub z} [(DH)BCO] superconducting films were grown by pulsed laser deposition. This study is aimed to identify compounds with high critical current density (J{sub c}) and better microwave properties compared to YBa{sub 2}Cu{sub 3}O{sub z} (YBCO) films. Films were deposited on LaAlO{sub 3} substrates and optimized for their deposition temperature and oxygen partial pressure. It is inferred that the best films having the transition temperature value of 92 K showed higher J{sub c} value at above 80 K compared to that of YBCO films, while below liq. N{sub 2} temperature YBCO films showed better J{sub c} value. Moreover, in the high field region at 77 K, the field dependent J{sub c} value of (DH)BCO films (5 KA/cm{sup 2} at 8 T) is 2.5 times higher than that of YBCO films (2 KA/cm{sup 2} at 8 T)

  2. Luminescence and magnetic behaviour of almond like (Na{sub 0.5}La{sub 0.5})MoO{sub 4}:RE{sup 3+} (RE = Eu, Tb, Dy) nanostructures

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Krishnan, Rajagopalan [Department of Physics, B.S. Abdur Rahman University, Vandalur, Chennai, Tamil Nadu (India); Thirumalai, Jagannathan, E-mail: jthirumalai@bsauniv.ac.in [Department of Physics, B.S. Abdur Rahman University, Vandalur, Chennai, Tamil Nadu (India); Thomas, Sabu [Polymer Science and Technology, Center for Nanoscience and Nanotechnology, School of Chemical Sciences, Mahatma Gandhi University, Kottayam 686 560, Kerala (India); Gowri, Mahasampath [Department of Chemistry, B.S. Abdur Rahman University, Vandalur, Chennai, Tamil Nadu (India)

    2014-08-01

    Graphical abstract: Monodispersed almond-like (Na{sub 0.5}La{sub 0.5})MoO{sub 4}:RE{sup 3+} nanostructures synthesized by employing ethylene-diamine tetra acetic acid (EDTA) using hydrothermal route at 200 °C for 24 h. These nanoparticles were found to be novel bi-functional candidates suitable for high-quality luminescence and magnetic applications. - Highlights: • Almond like structures of (Na{sub 0.5}La{sub 0.5})MoO{sub 4}:RE{sup 3+} were synthesized by hydrothermal method. • Time dependent self-assembly could be the dominant process for the formation of 3D networks. • Luminescence properties of nanosamples were studied in comparison with bulk sample. • Room temperature magnetic properties of bulk and nanophosphors were investigated. - Abstract: Tetragonal phase (Na{sub 0.5}La{sub 0.5})MoO{sub 4}:RE{sup 3+} (RE = Eu, Tb, Dy) with almond like hierarchical structures assembled from nanosheets building blocks were successfully synthesized by employing disodium ethylenediaminetetraacetic acid (Na{sub 2}EDTA) using hydrothermal route at 200 °C for 24 h. Field emission scanning electron microscope, transmission electron microscope, and X-ray diffraction patterns were used to characterize the morphology, size, and crystal structure with good resolution. The sequestering agent EDTA acts as quadridentate ligand coordinated with metal ions [Na{sup +}, La{sup 3+}/RE{sup 3+}] facilitating the formation of self-organized 3D networks. The growth mechanism for the formation of almond like nanostructures is explicated in four paths: dissolution, adsorption, in situ transformation in acidic and basic media and the effective collision. Photoluminescence excitation and emission spectra reveals a spectral blue shift which was observed in the nanosamples towards shorter wavelengths compared with the bulk sample. Upon UV irradiation, both bulk and nanostructure show strong luminescence in the red region due to the {sup 5}D{sub 0} → {sup 7}F{sub 2} transition in Eu{sup 3

  3. Crystal structure, magnetic and electrical properties of compounds in the RCrMnO{sub 5} family (R = Sm, Eu, Gd, Tb, Ho and Er) synthesized under high oxygen pressure

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Pomiro, Fernando; Miner, Elisa V.P.; Carbonio, Raul E. [INFIQC (CONICET - Universidad Nacional de Cordoba), Departamento de Fisicoquimica, Facultad de Ciencias Quimicas, Universidad Nacional de Cordoba (Argentina); Lohr, Javier; Sanchez, Rodolfo D. [Centro Atomico Bariloche, Comision Nacional de Energia Atomica and Instituto Balseiro, Universidad Nacional de Cuyo, San Carlos de Bariloche (Argentina); Nassif, Vivian [Institut Neel, CNRS et Universite Joseph Fourier, Grenoble (France)

    2015-10-15

    RCrMnO{sub 5} (R = Sm, Eu, Gd, Tb, Ho, and Er) were synthesized at high O{sub 2} pressures and 900-950 C. Crystal structures were refined by using powder X-ray diffraction (PXRD) and powder neutron diffraction (PND) for Tb, Ho, and Er compounds and PXRD for Sm, Eu and Gd compounds. All compounds were isostructural with RMn{sub 2}O{sub 5}. By using the bond-valence model we found that (Cr/Mn){sup 4+} mainly occupy the octahedral sites and (Cr/Mn){sup 3+} occupy the pyramidal sites. Antisite disorder between octahedral and pyramidal sites was found in the three samples analyzed by PND. From the values obtained for the occupancies of Cr and Mn in the pyramidal and octahedral sites and from the approximate average oxidation states for each crystallographic site obtained by the bond-valence calculations, an estimated ionic distribution model was proposed. The μ{sub eff} value for RCrMnO{sub 5} could be explained by considering the contribution of all the paramagnetic species and by using the ionic distribution model. No magnetic long-range order was observed by PND in R = Er, Ho, and Tb compounds. All the Curie-Weiss temperatures obtained from the magnetic susceptibility were negative (θ < 0), indicating antiferromagnetic correlations. For the compounds with Eu and Sm, θ close to -200 K were obtained for the Cr-Mn sublattice. The semiconducting properties could be described by a variable range hopping mechanism associated with antisite disorder of Cr/Mn. No dielectric transitions were observed in the electric permittivity in the measured temperature range. (Copyright copyright 2015 WILEY-VCH Verlag GmbH and Co. KGaA, Weinheim)

  4. Transport properties of pulsed laser deposition grown Dy{sub 0.4}Ho{sub 0.6}Ba{sub 2}Cu{sub 3}O{sub z} thin films

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Murugesan, M; Obara, H; Nakagawa, Y; Kosaka, S; Yamasaki, H [Energy Electronics Institute, National Institute of Advanced Industrial Science and Technology (AIST), Higashi 1-1-1 Umezono, Tsukuba Shi, Ibaraki 305-8568 (Japan)

    2004-07-01

    Pulsed laser deposition (PLD) grown Dy{sub 0.4}Ho{sub 0.6}Ba{sub 2}Cu{sub 3}O{sub z} [(D, H)BCO] superconducting films on LaAlO{sub 3} substrates have been studied for their critical current density (J{sub c}) and microwave surface resistance (R{sub s}) in comparison with YBCO films. It is inferred that the best films (grown at 800 deg. C) with transition temperature (T{sub c}) 92 K showed a higher J{sub c} value above 80 K compared to that of YBCO films. Also, at 77 K, the field dependent J{sub c} value of (D, H)BCO films (5 kA cm{sup -2} at 8 T) is 2.5 times higher than that of YBCO films (2 kA cm{sup -2} at 8 T). The best (D, H)BCO films showed lower R{sub s} in the liquid nitrogen (N{sub 2}) temperature region (4.2 m {omega} at 77 K) than YBCO films (7.65 m {omega} at 77 K) while in the low temperature region (below 60 K) YBCO films exhibit better microwave performance irrespective of their deposition temperature. These significantly improved values (both the J{sub c} as well as the R{sub s} values above 77 K) reveal that a rare earth (RE) mixed 123 thin film is a rather better candidate than YBCO thin film for use in fabricating microwave passive devices operating at high fields and at liquid N{sub 2} temperature.

  5. ARPES study of the evolution of band structure and charge density wave properties in RTe3 ( R=Y , La, Ce, Sm, Gd, Tb, and Dy)

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Hussain, Zahid; Brouet, Veronique; Yang, Wanli; Zhou, Xingjiang; Hussain, Zahid; Moore, R.G.; He, R.; Lu, D. H.; Shen, Z.X.; Laverock, J.; Dugdale, S.B.; Ru, N.; Fisher, R.

    2008-01-16

    We present a detailed angle-resolved photoemission spectroscopy (ARPES) investigation of the RTe3 family, which sets this system as an ideal"textbook" example for the formation of a nesting driven charge density wave (CDW). This family indeed exhibits the full range of phenomena that can be associated to CDWinstabilities, from the opening of large gaps on the best nested parts of Fermi surface (up to 0.4 eV), to the existence of residual metallic pockets. ARPES is the best suited technique to characterize these features, thanks to its unique ability to resolve the electronic structure in k space. An additional advantage of RTe3 is that theband structure can be very accurately described by a simple two dimensional tight-binding (TB) model, which allows one to understand and easily reproduce many characteristics of the CDW. In this paper, we first establish the main features of the electronic structure by comparing our ARPES measurements with the linear muffin-tinorbital band calculations. We use this to define the validity and limits of the TB model. We then present a complete description of the CDW properties and of their strong evolution as a function of R. Using simple models, we are able to reproduce perfectly the evolution of gaps in k space, the evolution of the CDW wave vector with R, and the shape of the residual metallic pockets. Finally, we give an estimation of the CDWinteraction parameters and find that the change in the electronic density of states n (EF), due to lattice expansion when different R ions are inserted, has the correct order of magnitude to explain the evolution of the CDW properties.

  6. Angle-resolved photoemission study of the evolution of band structure and charge density wave properties in RTe3 (R= Y, La, Ce, Sm, Gd, Tb and Dy)

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Brouet, V.; Yang, W.L.; Zhou, X.J.; Hussain, Z.; Moore, R.G.; He, R.; Lu, D.H.; Shen, Z.X.; Laverock, J.; Dugdale, S.; Ru, N.; Fisher, I.R.

    2010-02-15

    We present a detailed ARPES investigation of the RTe{sub 3} family, which sets this system as an ideal 'textbook' example for the formation of a nesting driven Charge Density Wave (CDW). This family indeed exhibits the full range of phenomena that can be associated to CDW instabilities, from the opening of large gaps on the best nested parts of Fermi Surface (FS) (up to 0.4eV), to the existence of residual metallic pockets. ARPES is the best suited technique to characterize these features, thanks to its unique ability to resolve the electronic structure in k-space. An additional advantage of RTe{sub 3} is that the band structure can be very accurately described by a simple 2D tight-binding (TB) model, which allows one to understand and easily reproduce many characteristics of the CDW. In this paper, we first establish the main features of the electronic structure, by comparing our ARPES measurements with Linear Muffin-Tin Orbital band calculations. We use this to define the validity and limits of the TB model. We then present a complete description of the CDW properties and, for the first time, of their strong evolution as a function of R. Using simple models, we are able to reproduce perfectly the evolution of gaps in k-space, the evolution of the CDW wave vector with R and the shape of the residual metallic pockets. Finally, we give an estimation of the CDW interaction parameters and find that the change in the electronic density of states n(Ef), due to lattice expansion when different R ions are inserted, has the correct order of magnitude to explain the evolution of the CDW properties.

  7. Adverse events in the treatment of MDR-TB patients within and outside the NTP in Pham Ngoc Thach hospital, Ho Chi Minh City, Vietnam.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hoa, Nguyen Binh; Nhung, Nguyen Viet; Khanh, Pham Huyen; Hai, Nguyen Viet; Quyen, Bui Thi Tu

    2015-12-22

    Treatment outcomes of a high proportion of inpatients with multi-drug resistant tuberculosis (MDR-TB) were not reported to the Vietnamese National Tuberculosis Program because they received treatment outside of the green light committee (GLC) program. The study aimed (1) to describe the strengths and weaknesses of treatment of GLC and non-GLC MDR-TB patients as well as the factors influencing treatment completion and (2) to determine the incidence of adverse drug reactions. This cross-sectional study comprised two elements: (1) in-depth interviews with clinical doctors, hospital pharmacists; and focus group discussions with MDR-TB patients; and (2) a review of the charts of all GLC and non-GLC MDR-TB patients in 2010. A total of 282 MDR-TB patients were recruited, including 79(28%) MDR-TB patients treated through the GLC program and 203(72%) MDR-TB patients treated outside of the GLC program. The main strengths of GLC treatment were the supply of quality assured second line TB drugs, routine monitoring and clinical evaluation, free diagnostic tests and close clinical monitoring. The greatest barriers to patients treated outside of the GLC program was difficulty paying for second line TB drugs and other treatment costs. There was no significant difference between the incidence of adverse events among GLC (46.8%) and non-GLC treated patients (52.2%; p = 0.417). Among 143 patients who reported 226 adverse reaction events, arthralgia/joint pain (35.8%), gastrointestinal (14.2%), ototoxicity (8.4%), cutaneous (6.6%), and giddiness (5.8%) were the most common. The non-GLC MDR-TB patients face substantial barriers to treatment, and require greater support if they are to complete treatment and improve disease outcomes. Staff training about the management of adverse drug reactions is needed.

  8. Development of lead free magnetoelectric laminates of Na{sub 0.5}Bi{sub 0.5}TiO{sub 3}–Tb{sub 0.3}Dy{sub 0.7}Fe{sub 1.95} for power generation

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Prabahar, K. [Advanced Magnetics Group, Defence Metallurgical Research Laboratory, Hyderabad (India); Mirunalini, Josephine [Department of Physics, Thiagaraja College of Engineering, Madurai, Tamil Nadu (India); Sowmya, N. Shara; Chelvane, J. Arout [Advanced Magnetics Group, Defence Metallurgical Research Laboratory, Hyderabad (India); Mahendiran, M. [Department of Physics, Thiagaraja College of Engineering, Madurai, Tamil Nadu (India); Kamat, S.V. [Advanced Magnetics Group, Defence Metallurgical Research Laboratory, Hyderabad (India); Srinivas, A., E-mail: adirajs@dmrl.drdo.in [Advanced Magnetics Group, Defence Metallurgical Research Laboratory, Hyderabad (India)

    2014-09-01

    Lead free magnetoelectric laminates has been prepared by sandwiching Sodium Bismuth Titanate (Na{sub 0.5}Bi{sub 0.5}TiO{sub 3}) between two Tb{sub 0.3}Dy{sub 0.7}Fe{sub 1.95} (TDF) by epoxy bonding. The piezoelectric material Sodium Bismuth Titanate (Na{sub 0.5}Bi{sub 0.5}TiO{sub 3}) has been prepared by conventional solid state double sintering method and the magnetostrictive material, Tb{sub 0.3}Dy{sub 0.7}Fe{sub 1.95} (TDF) by vacuum induction melting process. NBT showed a saturated ferroelectric hysteresis behavior with the values of P{sub s}=22.24 μC/cm{sup 2}, E{sub c}=41 kV/cm and P{sub r}=27 μC/cm{sup 2}. The piezoelectric charge coefficient (d{sub 33}) measured for NBT was 102 pC/N. Magnetization versus magnetic field measurements were performed in longitudinal (L) and transverse (T) modes of TDF specimen that showed ferromagnetic hysteresis behavior. The magnetostriction of 950 ppm at 4 kOe and static strain coefficient of 0.37×10{sup −6} kOe{sup −1} at 1 kOe magnetic field were recorded for Tb{sub 0.3}Dy{sub 0.7}Fe{sub 1.95}. The magnetoelectric output was measured in L and T modes for the different NBT thickness of 1.0, 1.5 and 2 mm with TDF thickness of 1.5 mm. The high magnetoelectric coefficient (α) was found to be 0.08 mV/cm Oe (L mode) and 0.13 mV/cm Oe (T mode) for the NBT/TDF laminates with 1.0 mm thick NBT.

  9. Magnetic phase transitions in TbFe sub 2 Al sub 1 sub 0 , HoFe sub 2 Al sub 1 sub 0 and ErFe sub 2 Al sub 1 sub 0

    CERN Document Server

    Reehuis, M; Krimmel, A; Scheidt, E W; Stüsser, N; Loidl, A; Jeitschko, W

    2003-01-01

    The magnetic order of the orthorhombic aluminides TbFe sub 2 Al sub 1 sub 0 , HoFe sub 2 Al sub 1 sub 0 and ErFe sub 2 Al sub 1 sub 0 (space group Cmcm) has been studied by specific heat and magnetic measurements, as well as by neutron powder diffraction down to 100 mK and in external fields up to 5 T. Only the rare-earth ions carry a magnetic moment. At T = 1.5 K the terbium moments in TbFe sub 2 Al sub 1 sub 0 show a square-wave modulated magnetic order with wavevector k = (0, 0.7977, 0) and a moment direction parallel to the a-axis. At a critical field of H sub c sub 1 = 0.9 T one of ten spins is forced to flip, going into an intermediate ferrimagnetic phase that is stable up to the critical field H sub c sub 2 = 1.8 T. Above this field finally all the rest of the spins flip, resulting in a ferromagnetic order of the terbium moments. ErFe sub 2 Al sub 1 sub 0 orders antiferromagnetically below T sub N 1.77(7) K with a similar magnetic structure characterized by a wavevector k (0, approx 0.8, 0). In contras...

  10. Výchova ke zdraví v učebnicích 1. stupně ZŠ: výsledky analýzy didaktického aparátu učebnic prvouky/přírodovědy/Health education in primary school textbooks – results of a content analysis

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Markéta Hrozová

    2015-02-01

    Full Text Available Cílem empirické studie je prezentace výsledků obsahové analýzy didaktického aparátu učebnic a cvičebnic školního vzdělávacího předmětu prvouka/přírodověda určených pro žáky 1. stupně základních škol z hlediska jejich zaměření na výchovu ke zdraví. V první části studie prezentujeme teoretický základ našeho výzkumu, který spočíval ve vymezení analytických kategorií vyplývajících z holistického pojetí zdraví. V druhé části představujeme cíle a metody výzkumu, výzkumný vzorek sestávající z pěti současných ucelených učebnicových řad učebnic prvouky/ přírodovědy (38 učebnic/cvičebnic; 3136 zkoumaných jednotek, tedy otázek, námětů a úkolů zařazených do učebnic platných pro 1. stupeň základního vzdělávání. Třetí část je věnována výsledkům analýzy, která poukázala na významné rozdíly v prezentaci učiva v oblasti výchova ke zdraví. Z výsledků vyplývá nereflektování holistického pojetí zdraví v jeho plném rozsahu, majoritní zastoupení biologického kontextu zdraví ve zkoumaných učebnicích. Holistické pojetí zdraví nejvíce reflektují učebnice druhých ročníků. Dále poukazujeme na významné rozdíly ve strukturaci učiva v rámci jednotlivých učebnicových řad (absence tematiky zdraví ve většině zkoumaných učebnic 4. ročníků a nestabilitu v distribuci tematických celků zkoumaného vzorku učebnic. V závěru studie (čtvrtá a pátá část jsou diskutovány výsledky, možnosti a limity studie a představujeme eventuality navazujícího výzkumného šetření.

  11. Rare-earth tricyanomelaminates [NH(4)]Ln[HC(6)N(9)](2)[H(2)O](7)H(2)O (Ln=La, Ce, Pr, Nd, Sm, Eu, Gd, Tb, Dy): structural investigation, solid-state NMR spectroscopy, and photoluminescence.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Nag, Abanti; Lotsch, Bettina V; Schmedt Auf der Günne, Jörn; Oeckler, Oliver; Schmidt, Peter J; Schnick, Wolfgang

    2007-01-01

    The rare-earth tricyanomelaminates, [NH(4)]Ln[HC(6)N(9)](2)[H(2)O](7)xH(2)O (LnTCM; Ln=La, Ce, Pr, Nd, Sm, Eu, Gd, Tb, Dy), have been synthesized through ion-exchange reactions. They have been characterized by powder as well as single-crystal X-ray diffraction analysis, vibrational spectroscopy, and solid-state (1)H, (13)C, and (15)N MAS NMR spectroscopy. The X-ray powder pattern common to all nine rare-earth tricyanomelaminates LnTCM (Ln=La, Ce, Pr, Nd, Sm, Eu, Gd, Tb, Dy) indicates that they are isostructural. The single-crystal X-ray diffraction pattern of LnTCM is indicative of non-merohedral twinning. The crystals are triclinic and separation of the twin domains as well as refinement of the structure were successfully carried out in the space group P1 for LaTCM (LaTCM; P1, Z=2, a=7.1014(14), b=13.194(3), c=13.803(3) A, alpha=90.11(3), beta=77.85(3), gamma=87.23(3) degrees , V=1262.8(4) A(3)). In the crystal structure, each Ln(3+) is surrounded by two nitrogen atoms from two crystallographically independent tricyanomelaminate moieties and seven oxygen atoms from crystal water molecules. The positions of all of the hydrogen atoms of the ammonium ions and water molecules could not be located from difference Fourier syntheses. The presence of [NH(4)](+) ions as well as two NH groups belonging to two crystallographically independent monoprotonated tricyanomelaminate moieties has only been confirmed by subjecting LaTCM to solid-state (1)H, (13)C, and (15)N{(1)H} cross-polarization (CP) MAS NMR and advanced CP experiments such as cross-polarization combined with polarization inversion (CPPI). The (1)H 2D double-quantum single-quantum homonuclear correlation (DQ SQ) spectrum and the (15)N{(1)H} 2D CP heteronuclear-correlation (HETCOR) spectrum have revealed the hydrogen-bonded (N--HN) dimer of monoprotonated tricyanomelaminate moieties as well as H-bonding through [NH(4)](+) ions and H(2)O molecules. The structures of the other eight rare-earth tricyanomelaminates (Ln

  12. 94 β-Decay Half-Lives of Neutron-Rich _{55}Cs to _{67}Ho: Experimental Feedback and Evaluation of the r-Process Rare-Earth Peak Formation.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wu, J; Nishimura, S; Lorusso, G; Möller, P; Ideguchi, E; Regan, P-H; Simpson, G S; Söderström, P-A; Walker, P M; Watanabe, H; Xu, Z Y; Baba, H; Browne, F; Daido, R; Doornenbal, P; Fang, Y F; Gey, G; Isobe, T; Lee, P S; Liu, J J; Li, Z; Korkulu, Z; Patel, Z; Phong, V; Rice, S; Sakurai, H; Sinclair, L; Sumikama, T; Tanaka, M; Yagi, A; Ye, Y L; Yokoyama, R; Zhang, G X; Alharbi, T; Aoi, N; Bello Garrote, F L; Benzoni, G; Bruce, A M; Carroll, R J; Chae, K Y; Dombradi, Z; Estrade, A; Gottardo, A; Griffin, C J; Kanaoka, H; Kojouharov, I; Kondev, F G; Kubono, S; Kurz, N; Kuti, I; Lalkovski, S; Lane, G J; Lee, E J; Lokotko, T; Lotay, G; Moon, C-B; Nishibata, H; Nishizuka, I; Nita, C R; Odahara, A; Podolyák, Zs; Roberts, O J; Schaffner, H; Shand, C; Taprogge, J; Terashima, S; Vajta, Z; Yoshida, S

    2017-02-17

    The β-decay half-lives of 94 neutron-rich nuclei ^{144-151}Cs, ^{146-154}Ba, ^{148-156}La, ^{150-158}Ce, ^{153-160}Pr, ^{156-162}Nd, ^{159-163}Pm, ^{160-166}Sm, ^{161-168}Eu, ^{165-170}Gd, ^{166-172}Tb, ^{169-173}Dy, ^{172-175}Ho, and two isomeric states ^{174m}Er, ^{172m}Dy were measured at the Radioactive Isotope Beam Factory, providing a new experimental basis to test theoretical models. Strikingly large drops of β-decay half-lives are observed at neutron-number N=97 for _{58}Ce, _{59}Pr, _{60}Nd, and _{62}Sm, and N=105 for _{63}Eu, _{64}Gd, _{65}Tb, and _{66}Dy. Features in the data mirror the interplay between pairing effects and microscopic structure. r-process network calculations performed for a range of mass models and astrophysical conditions show that the 57 half-lives measured for the first time play an important role in shaping the abundance pattern of rare-earth elements in the solar system.

  13. Absence of commensurate ordering at the polarization flop transition in multiferroic DyMnO3

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Strempfer, J.; Bohnenbuck, B.; Mostovoy, M.; Aliouane, N.; Argyriou, D. N.; Schrettle, F.; Hemberger, J.; Krimmel, A.; von Zimmermann, M.

    Ferroelectric spiral magnets DyMnO3 and TbMnO3 show similar behavior of electric polarization in applied magnetic fields. Studies of the field dependence of lattice modulations on the contrary show a completely different picture. Whereas in TbMnO3 the polarization flop from P parallel to c to P

  14. Facile synthesis, structural and spectroscopic properties of GdF{sub 3}:Ce{sup 3+}, Ln{sup 3+} (Ln{sup 3+}=Sm{sup 3+}, Eu{sup 3+}, Tb{sup 3+}, Dy{sup 3+}) nanocrystals with bright multicolor luminescence

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Grzyb, Tomasz; Runowski, Marcin; Lis, Stefan, E-mail: blis@amu.edu.pl

    2014-10-15

    Hexagonal gadolinium fluorides doped with Ce{sup 3+} ions and co-doped with Sm{sup 3+}, Eu{sup 3+}, Tb{sup 3+} or Dy{sup 3+} were successfully synthesized via a simple co-precipitation approach, in the presence of glycerin as a capping agent. These fluorides, as solids or in aqueous solutions, showed intense, multicolored luminescence depending on the lanthanide ions used. The structures of the products were confirmed by powder X-ray diffraction (XRD). The morphologies of the synthesized nanophosphors were examined using transmission electron microscopy (TEM). The TEM results showed that the crystallites had shapes that varied with the dopant ion used. The spectroscopic properties: excitation spectra, emission spectra and luminescence decays were recorded and studied in detail. Bright luminescences from all of the products were triggered by effective energy transfer between the ions embedded in their structures. The mechanism for this phenomenon was also proposed. All of the synthesized products formed stable aqueous colloids, exhibiting brightly multicolored luminescence under UV light irradiation. - Highlights: • Hexagonal GdF{sub 3}:Ce{sup 3+}, Ln{sup 3+} nanocrystals were synthesized by a co-precipitation method. • Nanocrystals formed stable water colloids. • Multicolor luminescence under UV light was observed. • Energy transfer mechanism between Gd{sup 3+}, Ce{sup 3+} and Ln{sup 3+} ions was proposed.

  15. Structural trends in a series of isostructural lanthanide-copper metallacrown sulfates (Ln(III) = Pr, Nd, Sm, Eu, Gd, Dy and Ho): hexaaquapentakis[μ3-glycinehydroxamato(2-)]sulfatopentacopper(II)lanthanide(III) heptaaquapentakis[μ3-glycinehydroxamato(2-)]sulfatopentacopper(II)lanthanide(III) sulfate hexahydrate.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Pavlishchuk, Anna V; Kolotilov, Sergey V; Fritsky, Igor O; Zeller, Matthias; Addison, Anthony W; Hunter, Allen D

    2011-07-01

    The seven isostructural complexes, [Cu(5)Ln(C(2)H(4)N(2)O(2))(5)(SO(4))(H(2)O)(6.5)](2)(SO(4))·6H(2)O, where Ln(III) = Pr, Nd, Sm, Eu, Gd, Dy and Ho, are representatives of the 15-metallacrown-5 family. Each dianion of glycinehydroxamic acid (GlyHA) links two Cu(II) cations forming a cyclic [CuGlyHA](5) frame. The Ln(III) cations are located at the centre of the [CuGlyHA](5) rings and are bound by the five hydroxamate O atoms in the equatorial plane. Five water molecules are coordinated to Cu(II) cations, and one further water molecule, located close to an inversion centre between two adjacent [Cu(5)Ln(GlyHA)(5)](2+) cations, is disordered around this inversion centre and coordinated to a Cu(II) cation of either the first or second metallacrown ether. Another water molecule and one of the two crystallographically independent sulfate anions are coordinated, the latter in a bidentate fashion, to the Ln(III) cation in the axial positions. The second sulfate anion is not coordinated to the cation, but is located in an interstitial position on a crystallographic inversion centre, thus leading to disorder of the O atoms around the centre of inversion. The Ln-O bond distances follow the trend of the lanthanide contraction. The apical Ln-O bond distances are very close to the sums of the ionic radii. However, the Ln-O distances within the metallacrown units are slightly compressed and the Ln(III) cations protrude significantly from the plane of the otherwise flat metallacrown ligand, thus indicating that the cavity is somewhat too small to accommodate the Ln(III) ions comfortably. This effect decreases with the size of the lanthanide cation from complex (I) (Ln(III) = Pr; 0.459) to complex (VII) (Ln(III) = Ho; 0.422), which indicates that the smaller lanthanide cations fit the cavity of the pentacopper metallacrown ring better than the larger ones. The diminished contraction of Ln-O distances within the metallacrown planes leads to an aniostropic contraction of the unit

  16. LiDy(PO34

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Fathia Chehimi-Moumen

    2008-07-01

    Full Text Available Single crystals of lithium dysprosium polyphosphate, LiDy(PO34, were prepared by the flux method. The atomic arrangement is built up by infinite (PO3n chains extending along the b axis. Dy3+ and Li+ cations alternate in the middle of four such chains, with Dy...Li distances of 3.54 (1 and 3.48 (1 Å. The DyO8 dodecahedra and LiO4 tetrahedra deviate significantly from the ideal geometry. Both Dy and Li occupy special positions (Wyckoff position 4e, site symmetry 2.

  17. Enhanced magnetostrictive effect in epoxy-bonded Tb{sub x}Dy{sub 0.9−x}Nd{sub 0.1}(Fe{sub 0.8}Co{sub 0.2}){sub 1.93} pseudo 1–3 particulate composites

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Liu, J. J., E-mail: liujinjun1@nbu.edu.cn, E-mail: liujjimr@gmail.com; Pan, Z. B.; Song, X. H.; Zhang, Z. R. [Faculty of Materials Science and Chemical Engineering, Ningbo University, Ningbo 315211 (China); Ren, W. J. [Shenyang National Laboratory for Materials Science, Institute of Metal Research, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Shenyang 110016 (China)

    2015-05-07

    The spin configuration and spontaneous magnetostriction λ{sub 111} of Tb{sub x}Dy{sub 0.9−x}Nd{sub 0.1}(Fe{sub 0.8}Co{sub 0.2}){sub 1.93} (0.20 ≤ x ≤ 0.60) alloys have been investigated. The easy magnetization direction (EMD) at room temperature was observed towards the 〈111〉 axis when 0.40 ≤ x ≤ 0.60, accompanied by a rhombohedral distortion with large spontaneous magnetostriction coefficients λ{sub 111}, which increases from 1640 ppm for x = 0.40 to 1900 ppm for x = 0.60. The strong 〈111〉-oriented pseudo 1–3 particulate composite was fabricated by embedding and aligning particles in a passive epoxy matrix under an applied magnetic field. An enhanced magnetostrictive effect, the large low-field magnetostriction, λ{sub a}, as high as 480 ppm at 3 kOe, was obtained for the sample of x = 0.40, in an excess of 75% of its polycrystalline alloy although it only contains 27 vol. % alloy particles. This enhanced effect can be attributed to its low magnetic anisotropy, anisotropic magnetostrictive nature (e.g., λ{sub 111} ≠ λ{sub 100,} 〈111〉EMD), chain structure, and the 〈111〉-textured orientation. In addition, we give a direct experimental support that the 〈111〉EMD of particle and the strong 〈111〉-textured orientation are the crucial factors to realize the enhanced magnetostrictive effect in 1–3 particulate composites.

  18. Tuberculosis (TB)

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... with facebook share with twitter share with linkedin Tuberculosis Go to Information for Researchers ► Tuberculosis (TB) is ... are drug resistant. Why Is the Study of Tuberculosis a Priority for NIAID? Tuberculosis is one of ...

  19. AND Dy(III)

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    userpc

    SYNTHESIS, SPECTROSCOPIC CHARACTERIZATION AND BIOLOGICAL. ACTIVITIES OF Sm(III) AND Dy(III) COMPLEXES WITH SCHIFF BASE DERIVED FROM. 2-HYDROXY-1-NAPHTHALDEHYDE AND 2-AMINOBENZOIC ACID. 1Bashir, S.S. and Abdulhadi, A. 1Department of Chemistry, Rabi'u Musa Kwankwaso ...

  20. Dy 3-activated M2SiO4 (M= Ba, Mg, Sr)-type phosphors

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    The alkaline orthosilicates of M 2 SiO 4 (M = Ba, Mg, Sr) activated with Dy 3 + and co-doped with Ho 3 + are prepared through conventional solid-state method, i.e., mixing and grinding of solid form precursors followedby high-temperature heat treatments of several hours in furnaces, generally under open atmosphere and ...

  1. Investigation of production routes for the 161Ho Auger-electron emitting radiolanthanide, a candidate for therapy

    OpenAIRE

    Tárkányi, F.; Ditrói, F.; Hermanne, A.; Takács, S.; Ignatyuk, A. V.

    2013-01-01

    The radiolanthanide 161Ho (2.48 h) is a promising Auger-electron emitter for internal radiotherapy that can be produced with particle accelerators. The excitation functions of the natDy(p,xn)161Ho and natDy(d,x)161Ho reactions were measured up to 40 and 50 MeV respectively by using the stacked foil activation method and gamma-ray spectrometry. The experimental data were compared with results of the TALYS code available in the TENDL 2011 library [1]. The main parameters of different production...

  2. TB Terms

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... Journal Articles Tuberculosis Laboratory Aggregate Reports Slide Sets Epidemiology of Tuberculosis Among Non-U.S.​–Born Persons in the United ... Facilitator Guide Introduction to TB Genotyping Core Curriculum Epidemiology of Tuberculosis in Correctional Facilities, United States, 1993-2014 Prevention ...

  3. The K-Forbidden Beta Decay of Tb160

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Hansen, P. Gregers; Johnson, N. R.; Nielsen, H. L.

    1964-01-01

    The β decay of the odd nucleus Tb160(Iπ = 3−) is shown to populate the 2+ and 4+ states of the ground-state band of Dy160 in intensities of 0.34% and 0.12%, respectively. The ratio of the reduced transition probabilities and the absolute transition strength are both compared with theoretical esti...

  4. 94 {beta}-Decay Half-Lives of Neutron-Rich 55Cs to 67Ho: Experimental Feedback and Evaluation of the r-Process Rare-Earth Peak Formation

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Wu, J.; Nishimura, S.; Lorusso, G.; Moller, P; Ideguchi, E; Regan, P. H.; Simpson, G. S.; Soderstrom, P. -A.; Walker, P. M.; Watanabe, H.; Kondev, F. G.

    2017-02-17

    The β-decay half-lives of 94 neutron-rich nuclei 144$-$151Cs, 146$-$154Ba, 148$-$156La, 150$-$158Ce, 153$-$160Pr, 156$-$162Nd, 159$-$163Pm, 160$-$166Sm, 161$-$168Eu, 165$-$170Gd, 166$-$172Tb, 169$-$173Dy, 172$-$175Ho, and two isomeric states 174mEr, 172mDy were measured at the Radioactive Isotope Beam Factory, providing a new experimental basis to test theoretical models. Strikingly large drops of β-decay half-lives are observed at neutron-number N = 97 for 58Ce, 59Pr, 60Nd, and 62Sm, and N = 105 for 63Eu, 64Gd, 65Tb, and 66Dy. Lastly, features in the data mirror the interplay between pairing effects and microscopic structure. r-process network calculations performed for a range of mass models and astrophysical conditions show that the 57 half-lives measured for the first time play an important role in shaping the abundance pattern of rare-earth elements in the solar system

  5. Measurement of formation cross sections of short-lived nuclei by 14 MeV neutron. Nd, Sm, Dy, Er, Yb

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Sakane, H.; Yamamoto, H.; Kawade, K. [Nagoya Univ. (Japan). School of Engineering; Iida, T.; Takahashi, A.

    1997-03-01

    Eight neutron activation cross sections producing the nuclei with half-lives between 3 min and 24 min were obtained at the energy range between 13.4 and 14.9 MeV by activation method. The cross sections were {sup 146}Nd(n,p){sup 146}Pr, {sup 154}Sm(n,{alpha}){sup 151}Nd, {sup 162}Dy(n,p){sup 162}Tb, {sup 163}Dy(n,np){sup 162}Tb, {sup 163}Dy(n,p){sup 163}Tb, {sup 164}Dy(n,p){sup 164}Tb, {sup 170}Er(n,{alpha}){sup 167}Dy, {sup 174}Yb(n,p){sup 170}Tm. {sup 163}Dy(n,np){sup 162}Tb (T{sub 1/2}=7.7 min) was obtained for the first time. Present results are compared with previous results and the evaluated data of JENDL-3 and ENDF/B-VI. There are some discrepancies between present results and the JENDL-3 and ENDF/B-VI. (author)

  6. Separation and Recycling for Rare Earth Elements by Homogeneous Liquid-Liquid Extraction (HoLLE Using a pH-Responsive Fluorine-Based Surfactant

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Shotaro Saito

    2015-08-01

    Full Text Available A selective separation and recycling system for metal ions was developed by homogeneous liquid-liquid extraction (HoLLE using a fluorosurfactant. Sixty-two different elemental ions (e.g., Ag, Al, As, Au, B, Ba, Be, Bi, Ca, Cd, Ce, Co, Cr, Cu, Dy, Er, Eu, Fe, Ga, Gd, Ge, Hf, Hg, Ho, In, Ir, La, Lu, Mg, Mn, Mo, Nb, Nd, Ni, Os, P, Pb, Pd, Pr, Pt, Re, Rh, Ru, Sb, Sc, Se, Si, Sm, Sn, Sr, Ta, Tb, Te, Ti, Tl, Tm, V, W, Y, Yb, Zn, and Zr were examined. By changing pH from a neutral or alkaline solution (pH ≥ 6.5 to that of an acidic solution (pH < 4.0, gallium, zirconium, palladium, silver, platinum, and rare earth elements were extracted at >90% efficiency into a sedimented Zonyl FSA® (CF3(CF2n(CH22S(CH22COOH, n = 6–8 liquid phase. Moreover, all rare earth elements were obtained with superior extraction and stripping percentages. In the recycling of rare earth elements, the sedimented phase was maintained using a filter along with a mixed solution of THF and 1 M sodium hydroxide aqueous solution. The Zonyl FSA® was filtrated and the rare earth elements were recovered on the filter as a hydroxide. Furthermore, the filtrated Zonyl FSA was reusable by conditioning the subject pH.

  7. Studies of the energy transfer processes from Er{sup 3+} and Ho{sup 3+} to Nd{sup 3+}, Tb{sup 3+} or Eu{sup 3+} in LiYF{sub 4} crystal and ZBLAN glass for the laser media optimization operating near 3{mu}m region; Estudos dos processos de transferencia de energia dos ions de Er{sup 3+} e Ho{sup 3+} para os ions de Nd{sup 3+}, Tb{sup 3+} e Eu{sup 3+} no cristal de LiYF{sub 4} e no vidro ZBLAN para a otimizacao de meios laser ativos que operam na regiao de 3{mu}m

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Jagosich, Fabio Henrique

    2006-07-01

    The energy transfer processes (ET) from the {sup 4}I{sub 13/2}; {sup 4}I{sub 11/2} levels of Er{sup 3+} and {sup 5}I{sub 6} levels of Ho{sup 3+} ions in LiYF{sub 4} (YLF) crystal and ZBLAN glass to Nd{sup 3+}, Tb{sup 3+} or Eu{sup 3+} deactivators ions were studied. The micro parameters of these energy transfer processes were determined using the overlap integral method, and showed that Eu{sup 3+} ion is the best deactivator of the first excited state of the Ho{sup 3+} in YLF, and Nd{sup 3+} is the best deactivator of the Er{sup 3+} in YLF and ZBLAN materials. The 1.5 and 2.7{mu}m emissions of Er{sup 3+} and 2.1 and 2.9{mu}m fluorescence of Ho{sup 3+} were measured using short laser pulses excitations from a tunable OPO pumped 2w-Nd:YAG laser system. We proposed a criterion for discriminating the energy transfer processes assisted by excitation migration (diffusion or hopping) among donors. It was observed that diffusion model describes the ET process from the second excited state of the donor (Er{sup 3+} or Ho{sup 3+}) independently of the C{sub D-D}/C{sub D-A} ratio, while the hopping model can describe the ET process involving the first excited state of donor. We proposed a modification of the hopping model in order to describe the experimental results for systems having C{sub D-D}/C{sub D-A} {>=} 10. Using the ET parameters, we determined that the best systems for laser action at 3{mu}m are the Ho:Eu:YLF, Ho:Nd:YLF and Er:Nd:YLF systems. On the other hand, we found that Er{sup 3+} doped (1.5 mol%) ZBLAN glasses, single and co-doped with Nd{sup 3+}, Tb{sup 3+} or Eu{sup 3+}, do not show potential for laser action at 2.8{mu}m. The up-conversion processes were studied in Er:YLF systems as a function of the Er{sup 3+} concentration, and the excited state absorption (ESA) and up conversion by energy transfer (ETU) processes were discriminated using a time resolved fluorescence decays. It was observed that 980 nm is the most convenient wavelength for pumping the Er

  8. Crystal structures of the compounds Sm{sub 2}AlGe{sub 3} and Tb{sub 2}AlGe{sub 3}

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Mel' nyk, I. [Department of Crystallography, Maria Curie-Sklodowska University, pl. Marii Curie-Sklodowskiej 2, PL-20-031 Lublin (Poland); Kuprysyuk, V. [Department of Physicochemistry of Solid Surface, Maria Curie-Sklodowska University, pl. Marii Curie-Sklodowskiej 2, PL-20-031 Lublin (Poland); Gladyshevskii, R. [Department of Inorganic Chemistry, Ivan Franko National University of Lviv, vul. Kyryla i Mefodiya 6, UA-79005 Lviv (Ukraine)]. E-mail: roman.gladyshevskii@franko.lviv.ua; Pikus, S. [Department of Crystallography, Maria Curie-Sklodowska University, pl. Marii Curie-Sklodowskiej 2, PL-20-031 Lublin (Poland); Staszczuk, P. [Department of Physicochemistry of Solid Surface, Maria Curie-Sklodowska University, pl. Marii Curie-Sklodowskiej 2, PL-20-031 Lublin (Poland)

    2005-07-19

    The structures of two new rare-earth aluminum germanides, Sm{sub 2}AlGe{sub 3} and Tb{sub 2}AlGe{sub 3}, were determined from X-ray powder diffraction data (R {sub B} = 0.066 and 0.064, respectively). These R{sub 2}AlGe{sub 3} compounds crystallize with orthorhombic structures of the Y{sub 2}AlGe{sub 3} type, oP24 (62) Pnma - c {sup 6}, a = 6.8153(4), b = 4.2723(3), c = 17.9491(10) A (R = Sm) and a = 6.7749(4), b = 4.1980(3), c = 17.7222(10) A (R = Tb), Z = 4. Two-thirds of the Ge atoms are situated at the centers of R{sub 6} trigonal prisms, whereas the other Ge atoms occupy the centers of R{sub 4} tetrahedra. Four other compounds are known to crystallize with the same structure type, R = Dy, Ho, Er and Tm, but Sm{sub 2}AlGe{sub 3} is the first example of an isotypic compound where R is a light rare-earth element.

  9. Synthesis, characterization and optical properties of NH{sub 4}Dy(PO{sub 3}){sub 4}

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Chemingui, S.; Ferhi, M., E-mail: ferhi.mounir@gmail.com; Horchani-Naifer, K.; Férid, M.

    2014-09-15

    Polycrystalline powders of NH{sub 4}Dy(PO{sub 3}){sub 4} polyphosphate have been grown by the flux method. This compound was found to be isotopic with NH{sub 4}Ce(PO{sub 3}){sub 4} and RbHo(PO{sub 3}){sub 4}. It crystallizes in the monoclinic space group P2{sub 1/n} with unit cell parameters a=10.474(6) Å, b=9.011(4) Å, c=10.947(7) Å and β=106.64(3)°. The title compound has been transformed to triphosphate Dy(PO{sub 3}){sub 3} after calcination at 800 °C. Powder X-ray diffraction, infrared and Raman spectroscopies and the differential thermal analysis have been used to identify these materials. The spectroscopic properties have been investigated through absorption, excitation, emission spectra and decay curves of Dy{sup 3+} ion in both compounds at room temperature. The emission spectra show the characteristic emission bands of Dy{sup 3+} in the two compounds, before and after calcination. The integrated emission intensity ratios of the yellow to blue (I{sub Y}/I{sub B}) transitions and the chromaticity properties have been determined from emission spectra. The decay curves are found to be double-exponential. The non-exponential behavior of the decay rates was related to the resonant energy transfer as well as cross-relaxation between the donor and acceptor Dy{sup 3+} ions. The determined properties have been discussed as function of crystal structure of both compounds. They reveal that NH{sub 4}Dy(PO{sub 3}){sub 4} is promising for white light generation but Dy(PO{sub 3}){sub 3} is potential candidates in field emission display (FED) and plasma display panel (PDP) devices. - Graphical abstract: The CIE color coordinate diagrams showing the chromatic coordinates of Dy{sup 3+} luminescence in NH{sub 4}Dy(PO{sub 3}){sub 4} and Dy(PO{sub 3}){sub 3}. - Highlights: • The polycrystalline powders of NH{sub 4}Dy(PO{sub 3}){sub 4} and Dy(PO{sub 3}){sub 3} are synthesized. • The obtained powders are characterized. • The spectroscopic properties of Dy{sup 3+} ion

  10. Structural, spectral, dielectric and magnetic properties of Tb–Dy doped Li-Ni nano-ferrites synthesized via micro-emulsion route

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Junaid, Muhammad, E-mail: junaid.malik95@yahoo.com [Department of Physics, The Islamia University of Bahawalpur, Bahawalpur 63100 (Pakistan); Khan, Muhammad Azhar, E-mail: azhar.khan@iub.edu.pk [Department of Physics, The Islamia University of Bahawalpur, Bahawalpur 63100 (Pakistan); Iqbal, F. [Department of Physics, The Islamia University of Bahawalpur, Bahawalpur 63100 (Pakistan); Murtaza, Ghulam [Centre for Advanced Studies in Physics, Government College University, Lahore 54000 (Pakistan); Akhtar, Majid Niaz; Ahmad, Mukhtar [Department of Physics, COMSATS Institute of Information Technology, Lahore 54000 (Pakistan); Shakir, Imran [Deanship of scientific research, College of Engineering, King Saud University, PO Box 800, Riyadh 11421 (Saudi Arabia); Warsi, Muhammad Farooq [Department of Chemistry, The Islamia University of Bahawalpur, Bahawalpur 63100 (Pakistan)

    2016-12-01

    Terbium (Tb) and dysprosium (Dy) doped lithium-nickel nano-sized ferrites (Li{sub 0.2}Ni{sub 0.8}Tb{sub 0.5x}Dy{sub 0.5x}Fe{sub 2−x}O{sub 4} where x=0.00−0.08) were prepared by micro-emulsion technique. The X-ray diffraction (XRD) patterns confirmed the single phase cubic spinel structure. The lattice constant was increased due to larger ionic radii of Tb{sup 3+} and Dy{sup 3+} cations. The crystallite size was found in the range 30–42 nm. The FTIR (Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy) spectra revealed two significant absorption bands (~400–600 cm{sup −1}) which indicate the formation of cubic spinel structure. The peaking behavior of dielectric parameters was observed beyond 1.5 GHz. The dielectric constant and dielectric loss were found to decrease by the increase of Tb–Dy contents and frequency. The doping of Tb and Dy in Li–Ni ferrites led to increase the coercive field (120–156 Oe). The smaller magnetic and dielectric parameters suggested the possible utility of these nano-materials in switching and microwave devices applications. - Highlights: • Li{sub 0.2}Ni{sub 0.8}Tb{sub 0.5x}Dy{sub 0.5x}Fe{sub 2-x}O{sub 4} ferrites were synthesized by micro-emulsion route. • Tb and Dy addition improves coercivity while decreased saturation magnetization. • These nanomaterials can be useful in microwave and switching devices applications.

  11. Tuberculosis Facts - Testing for TB

    Science.gov (United States)

    Tuberculosis (TB) Facts Testing for TB What is TB? “TB” is short for a disease called tuberculosis. TB is spread through the air from one ... Viral Hepatitis, STD, and TB Prevention Division of Tuberculosis Elimination

  12. Tuberculosis Facts - Exposure to TB

    Science.gov (United States)

    Tuberculosis (TB) Facts Exposure to TB What is TB? “TB” is short for a disease called tuberculosis. TB is spread through the air from one ... Viral Hepatitis, STD, and TB Prevention Division of Tuberculosis Elimination

  13. Synthesis, crystal structure, and magnetic properties of novel 2D kagome materials RE{sub 3}Sb{sub 3}Mg{sub 2}O{sub 14} (RE = La, Pr, Sm, Eu, Tb, Ho): Comparison to RE{sub 3}Sb{sub 3}Zn{sub 2}O{sub 14} family

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Sanders, M.B.; Baroudi, K.M.; Krizan, J.W.; Mukadam, O.A.; Cava, R.J. [Department of Chemistry, Princeton University, Princeton, NJ (United States)

    2016-10-15

    The crystal structures and magnetic properties of RE{sub 3}Sb{sub 3}Mg{sub 2}O{sub 14} (RE = La, Pr, Sm, Eu, Tb, Ho) with a perfect kagome lattice are presented and compared to RE{sub 3}Sb{sub 3}Zn{sub 2}O{sub 14}. Rietveld structure refinements were performed using X-ray diffraction data, indicating that the layered compounds are fully structurally ordered. The compounds crystallize in a rhombohedral supercell of the cubic pyrochlore structure, in the space group R-3m. Magnetic susceptibility measurements show no signs of magnetic ordering above 2 K. The RE{sub 3}Sb{sub 3}Mg{sub 2}O{sub 14} family is similar to that of RE{sub 3}Sb{sub 3}Zn{sub 2}O{sub 14}; however, the series reported here features a fully ordered distribution of cations in both the nonmagnetic antimony and magnetic rare earth kagome lattices. Unlike the offsite disorder that Zn{sup 2+} experiences in RE{sub 3}Sb{sub 3}Zn{sub 2}O{sub 14}, the magnesium sites in RE{sub 3}Sb{sub 3}Mg{sub 2}O{sub 14} are completely ordered. Here we compare the magnetic properties in both series of kagome compounds to determine how significant Zn{sup 2+}'s positional ordering is within this structure type. The compounds reported here appear to be relatively defect-free and are therefore model systems for investigating magnetic frustration on an ideal 2D rare earth kagome lattice. (copyright 2016 WILEY-VCH Verlag GmbH and Co. KGaA, Weinheim)

  14. Cross sections of proton-induced reactions on {sup 152}Gd, {sup 155}Gd and {sup 159}Tb with emphasis on the production of selected Tb radionuclides

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Steyn, G.F., E-mail: deon@tlabs.ac.za [iThemba Laboratory for Accelerator Based Sciences, P.O. Box 722, Somerset West 7129 (South Africa); Vermeulen, C. [iThemba Laboratory for Accelerator Based Sciences, P.O. Box 722, Somerset West 7129 (South Africa); Szelecsényi, F.; Kovács, Z. [Cyclotron Application Department, ATOMKI, P.O. Box 51, H-4001 Debrecen (Hungary); Hohn, A. [Department of Nuclear Medicine, University Medical Centre Rostock, Rostock (Germany); Meulen, N.P. van der [Laboratory of Radiochemistry and Environmental Chemistry, Paul Scherrer Institute, 5232 Villigen-PSI (Switzerland); Center of Radiopharmaceutical Science, Paul Scherrer Institute, 5232 Villigen-PSI (Switzerland); Schibli, R. [Center of Radiopharmaceutical Science, Paul Scherrer Institute, 5232 Villigen-PSI (Switzerland); Walt, T.N. van der [Faculty of Applied Sciences, Cape Peninsula University of Technology, P.O. Box 1906, Bellville 7535 (South Africa)

    2014-01-15

    Cross sections are presented for various Dy, Tb and Gd radionuclides produced in the proton bombardment of {sup 159}Tb as well as for the reactions {sup 152}Gd(p,4n){sup 149}Tb and {sup 155}Gd(p,4n){sup 152}Tb up to 66 MeV. The experimental excitation functions are compared with theoretical predictions by means of the geometry-dependent hybrid (GDH) model as implemented in the code ALICE/ASH, as well as with values from the TENDL-2012 library and previous literature experimental data, where available. Physical yields have been derived for the production of some of the medically important radioterbiums, namely {sup 149}Tb (radionuclide therapy), {sup 152}Tb (PET) and {sup 155}Tb (SPECT). The indirect production of high-purity {sup 155}Tb via the decay of its precursor {sup 155}Dy is reported. The possibility of a large-scale production facility based on a commercial 70 MeV cyclotron is also discussed.

  15. Neutron scattering study on R{sub 2}PdSi{sub 3} (R=Ho,Er,Tm) compounds

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Tang, Fei

    2010-12-14

    Previous studies on the family of inter-metallic rare-earth compounds R{sub 2}PdSi{sub 3} revealed multifaceted magnetic properties, for instance, spin-glass like behavior. Experimental observations include: Signs of a crystallographic superstructure, complicated magnetic structures both in zero field and in applied magnetic fields as well as a generic phase in applied fields for compounds in the series with the heavy rare-earths R=Gd, Tb, Dy, Ho, Er and Tm. This thesis expands the studies on the magnetic properties of R{sub 2}PdSi{sub 3} employing mainly neutron scattering on single crystals with the focus on the compounds with R=Ho, Er and Tm. A detailed analysis of the crystallographic superstructure using modulation wave approach and group theory is presented. The resulting structure implies the existence of two different rare-earth sites with reduced symmetry and an arrangement of the different sites according to sequences as determined by the superstructure. It is shown that the reduced symmetry of the rare-earth sites is explicitly observed in the energy spectra of inelastic neutron scattering. The results on the magnetic structures and excitations are shown and discussed in the framework of the superstructure model. Specifically the generic phase in applied fields is interpreted as a direct consequence of the crystallographic superstructure. It is rather unusual that a crystallographic superstructure is playing such a decisive, and through the field dependence also tunable role in determining the magnetic properties as observed in R{sub 2}PdSi{sub 3}. The mediating interactions between the crystallographic part and the magnetic part of the system are discussed. (orig.)

  16. Find TB. Treat TB. Working together to eliminate TB.

    Centers for Disease Control (CDC) Podcasts

    2014-02-26

    In this podcast, Dr. Sundari Mase, Medical Team Lead in the Field Services and Evaluation Branch in the Division of Tuberculosis Elimination, discusses World TB Day and the 2014 theme.  Created: 2/26/2014 by National Center for HIV/AIDS, Viral Hepatitis, STD, and TB Prevention (NCHHSTP).   Date Released: 2/26/2014.

  17. Mycobacteria and TB

    National Research Council Canada - National Science Library

    Kaufmann, S. H. E. (Stephan H. E.); Hahn, Helmut

    2003-01-01

    .... Scientists investigating the epidemiology, immunology and molecular biology of TB or engaged in vaccine and drug development as well as physicians and social workers treating TB patients will benefit...

  18. Studies of collective states in 160Dy and 188Os nuclei

    OpenAIRE

    Ibrahim, Noorddin

    1984-01-01

    Gamma rays following the decay of 160Tb and 188W were detected in both singles and coincidence in order to establish the energy level scheme of the two medium mass nuclei 160Dy and 1880s. Two large volume Ge(Li) detectors together with a plastic scintillation counter were incorporated in a Dual Parameter Energy-Time Spectrometer to measure the gamma-gamma coincidence spectra: the half-life of the first excited state of 160Dy was measured. An intrinsic Germanium detector was used to measure...

  19. Evaluating the electronic structure of formal LnII ions in LnII(C5H4SiMe3)3 1– using XANES spectroscopy and DFT calculations† †Electronic supplementary information (ESI) available: The results from quantum chemical ab initio FEFF9.6 code calculations for LnII L3-edges from Ln(C5H4SiMe3)3 x– (Ln = Sm, Tm, Y; x = 0, 1) and second derivative analysis of the lanthanides are in the ESI.† Our branching ratio analysis, the PBE//TZP optimized ground-state geometrical xyz coordinates and XC//TZ2P (XC = PBE, BLYP, B3LYP, BHandHLYP), single-point calculated total bonding energies of Ln(C5H4SiMe3)3 1–/0 (Ln = Sm, Ho), and relative single-point energy difference in kcal mol–1 between 4f10 5d1 and 4f11 5d0 in HoII(C5H4SiMe3)3 1– from different functional results at the PBE//TZP optimized ground-state geometries are also included. See DOI: 10.1039/c7sc00825b Click here for additional data file.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Fieser, Megan E.; Ferrier, Maryline G.; Su, Jing; Cary, Samantha K.; Engle, Jonathan W.; Lezama Pacheco, Juan S.; Olson, Angela C.; Ryan, Austin J.; Stein, Benjamin W.; Wagner, Gregory L.; Woen, David H.; Vitova, Tonya

    2017-01-01

    The isolation of [K(2.2.2-cryptand)][Ln(C5H4SiMe3)3], formally containing LnII, for all lanthanides (excluding Pm) was surprising given that +2 oxidation states are typically regarded as inaccessible for most 4f-elements. Herein, X-ray absorption near-edge spectroscopy (XANES), ground-state density functional theory (DFT), and transition dipole moment calculations are used to investigate the possibility that Ln(C5H4SiMe3)3 1– (Ln = Pr, Nd, Sm, Gd, Tb, Dy, Y, Ho, Er, Tm, Yb and Lu) compounds represented molecular LnII complexes. Results from the ground-state DFT calculations were supported by additional calculations that utilized complete-active-space multi-configuration approach with second-order perturbation theoretical correction (CASPT2). Through comparisons with standards, Ln(C5H4SiMe3)3 1– (Ln = Sm, Tm, Yb, Lu, Y) are determined to contain 4f6 5d0 (SmII), 4f13 5d0 (TmII), 4f14 5d0 (YbII), 4f14 5d1 (LuII), and 4d1 (YII) electronic configurations. Additionally, our results suggest that Ln(C5H4SiMe3)3 1– (Ln = Pr, Nd, Gd, Tb, Dy, Ho, and Er) also contain LnII ions, but with 4fn 5d1 configurations (not 4fn+1 5d0). In these 4fn 5d1 complexes, the C 3h-symmetric ligand environment provides a highly shielded 5d-orbital of a′ symmetry that made the 4fn 5d1 electronic configurations lower in energy than the more typical 4fn+1 5d0 configuration. PMID:28989638

  20. The Ho(III) as structural probe for high temperature ionic liquids: RCl 3 (R = rare earth)

    Science.gov (United States)

    Chrissanthopoulos, A.; Papatheodorou, G. N.

    2008-12-01

    The electronic absorption spectra of the f ← f transitions of Ho 3+ as a probe cation doped in solid and liquid YCl 3 and TbCl 3 have been measured from room temperature to above the melting point of both compounds. In the same temperature range Raman spectroscopy has been utilized to characterize all phases present. Emphasis is given on the Ho 3+ ligand field spectra of the 5G 6 ← 5I 8 hypersensitive transition and their similarities with the known spectra of holmium chloro-elpasolite. Smooth spectral changes with nearly invariant molar absorptivities (between 30 and 40 L mol -1 cm -1) are observed upon melting YCl 3 and α-TbCl 3 which indicate that most probably the Ho 3+ is in 6-fold distorted octahedral coordination in both compounds and both phases. Drastic spectral changes are observed alongside the α-TbCl 3 to β-TbCl 3 phase transition where the coordination is altered from six to eight and the molar absorptivity quadruples. The spectra of liquid Y(Ho)Cl 3 and Tb(Ho)Cl 3 are correlated to the spectra of liquid La(Ho)Cl 3 and Gd(Ho)Cl 3 and are attributed to the ligand field states of Ho 3+ in distorted octahedral geometries. In conjunction with the molar volumes of all RCl 3 (R = rare earth) liquids which are invariant and independent of R and with Raman spectroscopic measurements for the same systems, a common possible structure of the rare earth chloride liquids is deduced and proposed.

  1. TB in Captive Elephants

    Centers for Disease Control (CDC) Podcasts

    2017-04-27

    Dr. Barry Kreiswirth, founding director of the Public Health Research Institute, TB Center, at Rutgers University, discusses TB in three captive elephants.  Created: 4/27/2017 by National Center for Emerging and Zoonotic Infectious Diseases (NCEZID).   Date Released: 4/27/2017.

  2. Využitie metódy concept cartoons© na hodinách prírodovedy z pohľadu učiteľov prvého stupňa ZŠ

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Michaela Minárechová

    2017-07-01

    Full Text Available V príspevku sa venujeme metóde concept cartoons© a jej aplikácii do vyučovania prírodovedy na I.stupni ZŠ. Okrem toho stručne opisujeme  príručku k metóde concept cartoons© pre  ZŠ, ktorú sme zostavili v rámci našej dizertačnej práce. Pre lepšie posúdenie príručky a možnosti aplikácie metódy concept cartoons© na hodinách prírodovedy sme realizovali rozhovor s tromi učiteľkami primárneho vzdelávania.   Našim cieľom bolo zistiť  ich  názory  na vyučovanie pomocou concept cartoons© a na nami zostavenú metodickú rukoväť k metóde concept cartoons© pre I. stupeň ZŠ.  Prostredníctvom analýzy odpovedí učiteliek sme zistili prevažne pozitívny názor ako na samotnú metódu concept cartoons©, tak aj na zostavenú metodickú príručku k nej.

  3. DySectAPI: Scalable Prescriptive Debugging

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Jensen, Nicklas Bo; Karlsson, Sven; Quarfot Nielsen, Niklas

    We present the DySectAPI, a tool that allow users to construct probe trees for automatic, event-driven debugging at scale. The traditional, interactive debugging model, whereby users manually step through and inspect their application, does not scale well even for current supercomputers. While...... lightweight debugging models scale well, they can currently only debug a subset of bug classes. DySectAPI fills the gap between these two approaches with a novel user-guided approach. Using both experimental results and analytical modeling we show how DySectAPI scales and can run with a low overhead...

  4. Tuberculosis Facts - TB and HIV/AIDS

    Science.gov (United States)

    Tuberculosis (TB) Facts TB and HIV/AIDS What is TB? “TB” is short for a disease called tuberculosis. TB is spread through the air from one ... Viral Hepatitis, STD, and TB Prevention Division of Tuberculosis Elimination

  5. Tuberculosis (TB): Treatment

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... Education & Training Home Conditions Tuberculosis (TB) Tuberculosis: Treatment Tuberculosis: Treatment Make an Appointment Refer a Patient Ask ... or bones is treated longer. NEXT: Preventive Treatment Tuberculosis: Diagnosis Tuberculosis: History Clinical Trials For more than ...

  6. HIV and Tuberculosis (TB)

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... AIDS Drugs Clinical Trials Apps skip to content HIV and Opportunistic Infections, Coinfections, and Conditions Home Understanding ... 4 p.m. ET) Send us an email HIV and Tuberculosis (TB) Last Reviewed: July 26, 2017 ...

  7. Some Limitations in the Use of Plastic and Dyed Plastic Dosimeters

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Miller, Arne; Bjergbakke, Erling; McLaughlin, W. L.

    1975-01-01

    Several practical plastic and dyed plastic dosimeters were examined under irradiation conditions similar to those used for radiation processing of materials. Cellulose triacetate, polymethyl methacrylate, polyvinyl chloride, dyed polymethyl methacrylate, dyed Cellophane and dyed Nylon were given...

  8. Tuberculosis Facts - TB Can Be Treated

    Science.gov (United States)

    Tuberculosis (TB) Facts TB Can Be Treated What is TB? “TB” is short for a disease called tuberculosis. TB is spread through the air from one ... Viral Hepatitis, STD, and TB Prevention Division of Tuberculosis Elimination Page 1 of 2 TB Facts: TB ...

  9. Tuberculosis Facts - You Can Prevent TB

    Science.gov (United States)

    Tuberculosis (TB) Facts You Can Prevent TB What is TB? “TB” is short for a disease called tuberculosis. TB is spread through the air from one ... Viral Hepatitis, STD, and TB Prevention Division of Tuberculosis Elimination TB Facts: You Can Prevent TB What ...

  10. Activation cross-sections of longer-lived products of proton induced nuclear reactions on dysprosium up to 36 MeV

    OpenAIRE

    Tárkányi, F.; Ditrói, F.; Takács, S.; Hermanne, A.; Ignatyuk, A. V.

    2013-01-01

    Activation cross-sections of longer-lived products of proton induced nuclear reactions on dysprosium were measured up to 36 MeV by using stacked foil irradiation technique and gamma-spectrometry. We report for the first time experimental cross-sections for the formation of the radionuclides 162mHo, 161Ho, 159Ho, 159Dy, 157Dy, 155Dy, 161Tb, 160Tb, 156Tb and 155Tb. The experimental data were compared with the results of cross-section calculations of the ALICE and EMPIRE nuclear model codes and ...

  11. E0 decay of the 0{sup +}{sub 2} levels in {sup 156}Dy and {sup 160}Er

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Lo Bianco, G; Nardelli, S; Gupta, S Das; Saltarelli, A [School of Science and Technology, University of Camerino and INFN - Sez. Perugia (Italy); Balabanski, D L [INRNE, Bulgarian Academy of Sciences, Sofia (Bulgaria); Blasi, N [INFN - Sez. Milano (Italy); Gladnishki, K [Faculty of Physics, St. Kliment Ohridski University of Sofia (Bulgaria); Fortunato, L, E-mail: balabanski@inrne.bas.b [ECT, Trento (Italy)

    2011-01-01

    The branching between the E0 0{sup +}{sub 2} {yields} 0{sup +}{sub 1} and the E2 0{sup +}{sub 2} {yields} 2{sup +}{sub 2} transitions in {sup 156}Dy and {sup 160}Er were measured following the {epsilon} decay of {sup 156}Ho and {sup 160}Tm. A potential of the 4th order of the deformation parameter {beta}, the {sup L}o Bianco potential{sup ,} was chosen to describe the U(5) - SU(3) first order shape phase transition, covering the whole transitional path. The comparison of the excitation spectra and the measured ratios of reduced transition probabilities, X(E0/E2), with the calculations, indicates that {sup 156}Dy is in the spherical region, while {sup 160}Er is located in the deformed region, but quite close to the critical point.

  12. Difference Between Latent TB Infection and Active TB Disease

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... weight loss • • May spread TB bacteria to others • • Needs treatment to treat TB disease Additional Information 1. American Thoracic Society (ATS) and CDC. Diagnostic standards and classification of ...

  13. Manipulation of Dy-Mn coupling and ferrielectric phase diagram of DyMn{sub 2}O{sub 5}: The effect of Y substitution of Dy

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Zhao, Z. Y.; Wang, Y. L.; Lin, L.; Liu, M. F.; Li, X.; Yan, Z. B.; Liu, J.-M. [Laboratory of Solid State Microstructures and Innovation Center of Advanced Microstructures, Nanjing University, Nanjing 210093 (China)

    2015-11-07

    DyMn{sub 2}O{sub 5} is an extraordinary example in the family of multiferroic manganites and it accommodates both the 4f and 3d magnetic ions with strong Dy-Mn (4f-3d) coupling. The electric polarization origin is believed to arise not only from the Mn spin interactions but also from the Dy-Mn coupling. Starting from proposed scenario on ferrielectricity in DyMn{sub 2}O{sub 5} where the exchange-strictions associated with the Mn{sup 3+}-Mn{sup 4+}-Mn{sup 3+} blocks and Dy{sup 3+}-Mn{sup 4+}-Dy{sup 3+} blocks generate the two ferroelectric sublattices, we perform a set of characterizations on the structure, magnetism, and electric polarization of Dy{sub 1-x}Y{sub x}Mn{sub 2}O{sub 5} in order to investigate the roles of Dy-Mn coupling in manipulating the ferrielectricity. It is revealed that the non-magnetic Y substitution of Dy suppresses gradually the Dy{sup 3+} spin ordering and the Dy-Mn coupling. Consequently, the ferroelectric sublattice generated by the exchange striction associated with the Dy{sup 3+}-Mn{sup 4+}-Dy{sup 3+} blocks is destabilized, but the ferroelectric sublattice generated by the exchange striction associated with the Mn{sup 3+}-Mn{sup 4+}-Mn{sup 3+} blocks remains less perturbed, enabling the ferrielectricity-ferroelectricity transitions with the Y substitution. A phenomenological ferrielectric domain model is suggested to explain the polarization reversal induced by the Y substitution. The present work presents a possible scenario of the multiferroic mechanism in not only DyMn{sub 2}O{sub 5} but probably also other RMn{sub 2}O{sub 5} members with strong 4f-3d coupling.

  14. LiHo(PO34

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mokhtar Férid

    2009-02-01

    Full Text Available Lithium holmium(III polyphosphate(V, LiHo(PO34, belongs to the type I of polyphosphates with general formula ALn(PO34, where A is a monovalent cation and Ln is a trivalent rare earth cation. In the crystal structure, the polyphosphate chains spread along the b-axis direction, with a repeat period of four tetrahedra and 21 internal symmetry. The Li and Ho atoms are both located on twofold rotation axes and are surrounded by four and eight O atoms, leading to a distorted tetrahedral and dodecahedral coordination, respectively. The HoO8 polyhedra are isolated from each other, the closest Ho...Ho distance being 5.570 (1 Å.

  15. First Calorimetric Measurement of OI-line in the Electron Capture Spectrum of $^{163}$Ho

    CERN Document Server

    Ranitzsch, P. C. -O.; Wegner, M.; Kempf, S.; Fleischmann, A.; Enss, C.; Gastaldo, L.; Herlert, A.; Johnston, K.

    2014-01-01

    The isotope $^{163}$Ho undergoes an electron capture process with a recommended value for the energy available to the decay, $Q_{\\rm EC}$, of about 2.5 keV. According to the present knowledge, this is the lowest $Q_{\\rm EC}$ value for electron capture processes. Because of that, $^{163}$Ho is the best candidate to perform experiments to investigate the value of the electron neutrino mass based on the analysis of the calorimetrically measured spectrum. We present for the first time the calorimetric measurement of the atomic de-excitation of the $^{163}$Dy daughter atom upon the capture of an electron from the 5s shell in $^{163}$Ho, OI-line. The measured peak energy is 48 eV. This measurement was performed using low temperature metallic magnetic calorimeters with the $^{163}$Ho ion implanted in the absorber. We demonstrate that the calorimetric spectrum of $^{163}$Ho can be measured with high precision and that the parameters describing the spectrum can be learned from the analysis of the data. Finally, we dis...

  16. TB Screening Tests

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... Implementation of New TB Screening Requirements for U.S.-Bound Immigrants and Refugees — 2007–2014. Medscape Multispecialty from ... October 28, Rev L). AccuProbe, Mycobacterium Tuberculosis Complex Culture Identification Test. Gen-Probe [Package Insert]. Available online ...

  17. Testing for TB Infection

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... Journal Articles Tuberculosis Laboratory Aggregate Reports Slide Sets Epidemiology of Tuberculosis Among Non-U.S.​–Born Persons in the United ... Facilitator Guide Introduction to TB Genotyping Core Curriculum Epidemiology of Tuberculosis in Correctional Facilities, United States, 1993-2014 Prevention ...

  18. Microstructures and mechanical properties of Mg–Zn–Zr–Dy ...

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    Microstructures and phase compositions of as-cast and extruded ZK60–Dy ( = 0–5) alloys were analysed by optical microscope, scanning electron microscope, X-ray diffraction and differential scanning calorimetry. Meanwhile, the tensile mechanical property was tested.With increasing Dy content, Mg–Zn–Dy new phase ...

  19. Exploring the biocatalytic potential of a DyP-type peroxidase by profiling the substrate acceptance of Thermobifida fusca DyP peroxidase

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Loncar, Nikola; Colpa, Dana I.; Fraaije, Marco W.

    2016-01-01

    Dye-decolorizing peroxidases (DyPs) represent a new class of oxidative enzymes for which the natural substrates are largely unknown. To explore the biocatalytic potential of a DyP, we have studied the substrate acceptance profile of a robust DyP peroxidase, a DyP from Thermobifida fusca (TfuDyP).

  20. Non-Rotational States of 164Dy

    Science.gov (United States)

    Běrziņš, J.; Bondarenko, V.; Krasta, T.; Hoyler, F.; Föhl, K.; Börner, H. G.; Krusche, B.; Robinson, S. J.; Schillenbeck, P.

    2003-06-01

    The level scheme of 164Dy up to about 2.6 MeV energy is analyzed, using experimental data obtained in (n, γ), (n, e-) and (n, nγγ) reaction measurements at the high-flux reactor ILL Grenoble, as well as the (n, n'γ) reaction data, measured at the IRT reactor in Salaspils. The structure of low-lying levels of 164Dy is interpreted in terms of two-quasiparticle states, interacting with collective excitations of axially-deformed core.

  1. TB Anywhere Is TB Everywhere: The Intersection of U.S. Immigration Enforcement Policy and TB

    Science.gov (United States)

    2016-09-01

    Australia is in a similar situation to the United States regarding the incidence of TB. Australia has one of the lowest TB rates in the world, and almost...would not only cost less than 65 Justin T. Denholm, and Emma S. McBryde, “Can Australia Eliminate TB...LTBI. Also identified are known risk factors for TB transmission such as homelessness , substance abuse, and previous detention. An additional

  2. Octadecabromidobis(dicarbidodecadysprosium, [Dy10Br18(C22

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Kathrin Daub

    2008-01-01

    Full Text Available Single crystals of [Dy10Br18(C22] were obtained during the reaction of DyBr3 with dysprosium metal and graphite in a sealed tantalum container. In the crystal structure, the Dy atoms form dimers of edge-sharing octahedra, each encapsulating a C2 unit. The metal atoms are surrounded by Br atoms above the cluster edges and vertices, respectively. The dimers are connected to each other by Br atoms, leading to a three-dimensional network. [Dy10Br18(C22] is isotypic with its iodido analogue [Dy10I18(C22].

  3. TB or not TB?: a case of isolated testicular TB with scrotal involvement.

    LENUS (Irish Health Repository)

    Bhargava, A

    2009-06-01

    Despite the genitourinary tract being the most common site affected by extrapulmonary TB, isolated testicular TB remains a rare clinical entity. In patients with co-morbidities such as hepatic impairment, treatment proves a challenge, as first-line hepatotoxic pharmaceuticals are contraindicated. Here, we report a case of isolated testicular TB with scrotal involvement, on a background of hepatic dysfunction.

  4. NdHO, a novel oxyhydride

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Widerøe, Marius; Fjellvåg, Helmer; Norby, Truls

    2011-01-01

    A new metal oxyhydride; neodymium oxyhydride, NdHO, has been synthesized from a reactant mixture of metal hydride (CaH2 or NdH3) and neodymium oxide(Nd2O3). The unit cell dimensions decrease smoothly in the series from LaHO, CeHO, PrHO to NdHO, in line with the lanthanide contraction. The crystal...

  5. Preparatory studies for a high-precision Penning-trap measurement of the {sup 163}Ho electron capture Q-value

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Schneider, F. [Johannes Gutenberg-Universitaet, Institut fuer Kernchemie, Mainz (Germany); Johannes Gutenberg-Universitaet, Institut fuer Physik, Mainz (Germany); Beyer, T.; Blaum, K.; Eibach, M.; Eliseev, S.; Nagy, Sz. [Max-Planck-Institut fuer Kernphysik, Heidelberg (Germany); Block, M. [Johannes Gutenberg-Universitaet, Institut fuer Kernchemie, Mainz (Germany); GSI Helmholtzzentrum fuer Schwerionenforschung GmbH, Darmstadt (Germany); Helmholtz-Institut Mainz, Mainz (Germany); Chenmarev, S.; Novikov, Yu.N. [Max-Planck-Institut fuer Kernphysik, Heidelberg (Germany); Saint Petersburg State University, Physical Faculty, Saint Petersburg (Russian Federation); Dorrer, H. [Johannes Gutenberg-Universitaet, Institut fuer Kernchemie, Mainz (Germany); Paul Scherrer Institute, Villigen (Switzerland); Universitaet Bern, Bern (Switzerland); Duellmann, C.E. [Johannes Gutenberg-Universitaet, Institut fuer Kernchemie, Mainz (Germany); GSI Helmholtzzentrum fuer Schwerionenforschung GmbH, Darmstadt (Germany); Helmholtz-Institut Mainz, Mainz (Germany); Johannes Gutenberg-Universitaet, PRISMA Cluster of Excellence, Mainz (Germany); Eberhardt, K. [Johannes Gutenberg-Universitaet, Institut fuer Kernchemie, Mainz (Germany); Helmholtz-Institut Mainz, Mainz (Germany); Grund, J. [Johannes Gutenberg-Universitaet, Institut fuer Kernchemie, Mainz (Germany); Johannes Gutenberg-Universitaet, PRISMA Cluster of Excellence, Mainz (Germany); Koester, U. [Institut Laue-Langevin, Grenoble (France); Renisch, D. [Johannes Gutenberg-Universitaet, Institut fuer Kernchemie, Mainz (Germany); Tuerler, A. [Paul Scherrer Institute, Villigen (Switzerland); Universitaet Bern, Bern (Switzerland); Wendt, K. [Johannes Gutenberg-Universitaet, Institut fuer Physik, Mainz (Germany); Johannes Gutenberg-Universitaet, PRISMA Cluster of Excellence, Mainz (Germany)

    2015-07-15

    The ECHo Collaboration (Electron Capture {sup 163}Ho) aims to investigate the calorimetric spectrum following the electron capture decay of {sup 163}Ho to determine the mass of the electron neutrino. The size of the neutrino mass is reflected in the endpoint region of the spectrum, i.e., the last few eV below the transition energy. To check for systematic uncertainties, an independent determination of this transition energy, the Q-value, is mandatory. Using the TRIGA-TRAP setup, we demonstrate the feasibility of performing this measurement by Penning-trap mass spectrometry. With the currently available, purified {sup 163}Ho sample and an improved laser ablation mini-RFQ ion source, we were able to perform direct mass measurements of {sup 163}Ho and {sup 163}Dy with a sample size of less than 10{sup 17} atoms. The measurements were carried out by determining the ratio of the cyclotron frequencies of the two isotopes to those of carbon cluster ions using the time-of-flight ion cyclotron resonance method. The obtained mass excess values are ME({sup 163}Ho)= -66379.3(9) keV and ME({sup 163}Dy)= -66381.7(8) keV. In addition, the Q-value was measured for the first time by Penning-trap mass spectrometry to be Q = 2.5(7) keV. (orig.)

  6. Analysis of the Dy contribution to the Faraday rotation of Bi-DyIG film

    Science.gov (United States)

    Guillot, M.; Le Gall, H.; Desvignes, J. M.; Artinian, M.

    1997-04-01

    At λ=633 nm, very accurate measurements of the Faraday rotation (FR) on epitaxial garnet films of the composition {R3-xBix}[Fe2](Fe3)O12 with R=Dy, Y, and high Bi content (x≅1.30) are reported, in the temperature range of 10-620 K under magnetic field up to 20 kOe applied along the (111) and the (110) directions. The films which were prepared by standard liquid-phase epitaxy techniques under constant growth conditions present a high crystalline quality. BiDyIG films exhibit a very different temperature and field variation of FR below 140 K whereas BiYIG films data indicate no FR anisotropy. The origin of the FR anisotropy observed when R=Dy is discussed and it is shown that the anisotropy of the magnetization cannot account for the whole FR anisotropy.

  7. Isomer spectroscopy of neutron-rich 168Tb103

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gurgi, L. A.; Regan, P. H.; Söderström, P.-A.; Watanabe, H.; Walker, P. M.; Podolyák, Zs.; Nishimura, S.; Berry, T. A.; Doornenbal, P.; Lorusso, G.; Isobe, T.; Baba, H.; Xu, Z. Y.; Sakurai, H.; Sumikama, T.; Catford, W. N.; Bruce, A. M.; Browne, F.; Lane, G. J.; Kondev, F. G.; Odahara, A.; Wu, J.; Liu, H. L.; Xu, F. R.; Korkulu, Z.; Lee, P.; Liu, J. J.; Phong, V. H.; Yag, A.; Zhang, G. X.; Alharbi, T.; Carroll, R. J.; Chae, K. Y.; Dombradi, Zs.; Estrade, A.; Fukuda, N.; Griffin, C.; Ideguchi, E.; Inabe, N.; Kanaoka, H.; Kojouharov, I.; Kubo, T.; Kubono, S.; Kurz, N.; Kuti, I.; Lalkovski, S.; Lee, E. J.; Lee, C. S.; Lotay, G.; Moon, C.-B.; Nishizuka, I.; Nita, C. R.; Patel, Z.; Roberts, O. J.; Schaffner, H.; Shand, C. M.; Suzuki, H.; Takeda, H.; Terashima, S.; Vajta, Zs.; Yoshida, S.; Valiente-Dòbon, J. J.

    2017-11-01

    In-flight fission of a 345 MeV per nucleon 238U primary beam on a 2 mm thick 9Be target has been used to produce and study the decays of a range of neutron-rich nuclei centred around the doubly mid-shell nucleus 170Dy at the RIBF Facility, RIKEN, Japan. The produced secondary fragments of interest were identified event-by-event using the BigRIPS separator. The fragments were implanted into the WAS3ABI position sensitive silicon active stopper which allowed pixelated correlations between implants and their subsequent β-decay. Discrete γ-ray transitions emitted following decays from either metastable states or excited states populated following beta decay were identified using the 84 coaxial high-purity germanium (HPGe) detectors of the EURICA spectrometer, which was complemented by 18 additional cerium-doped lanthanum bromide (LaBr3) fast-timing scintillation detectors from the FATIMA collaboration. This paper presents the internal decay of a metastable isomeric excited state in the odd-odd nucleus 168Tb, which corresponds to a single proton-neutron hole configuration in the valence maximum nucleus 170Dy. These data represent the first information on excited states in this nucleus, which is the most neutron-rich odd-odd isotope of terbium (Z=65) studied to date. Nilsson configurations associated with an axially symmetric, prolate-deformed nucleus are proposed for the 168Tb ground state the observed isomeric state by comparison with Blocked BCS-Nilsson calculations.

  8. Isomer spectroscopy of neutron-rich 168 Tb 103

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Gurgi, L. A.; Regan, P. H.; Söderström, P. -A.; Watanabe, H.; Walker, P. M.; Podolyák, Zs.; Nishimura, S.; Berry, T. A.; Doornenbal, P.; Lorusso, G.; Isobe, T.; Baba, H.; Xu, Z. Y.; Sakurai, H.; Sumikama, T.; Catford, W. N.; Bruce, A. M.; Browne, F.; Lane, G. J.; Kondev, F. G.; Odahara, A.; Wu, J.; Liu, H. L.; Xu, F. R.; Korkulu, Z.; Lee, P.; Liu, J. J.; Phong, V. H.; Yag, A.; Zhang, G. X.; Alharbi, T.; Carroll, R. J.; Chae, K. Y.; Dombradi, Zs.; Estrade, A.; Fukuda, N.; Griffin, C.; Ideguchi, E.; Inabe, N.; Kanaoka, H.; Kojouharov, I.; Kubo, T.; Kubono, S.; Kurz, N.; Kuti, I.; Lalkovski, S.; Lee, E. J.; Lee, C. S.; Lotay, G.; Moon, C. -B.; Nishizuka, I.; Nita, C. R.; Patel, Z.; Roberts, O. J.; Schaffner, H.; Shand, C. M.; Suzuki, H.; Takeda, H.; Terashima, S.; Vajta, Zs.; Yoshida, S.; Valiente-Dòbon, J. J.

    2017-11-01

    In-flight fission of a 345 MeV per nucleon 238U primary beam on a 2 mm thick 9Be target has been used to produce and study the decays of a range of neutron-rich nuclei centred around the doubly mid-shell nucleus 170Dy at the RIBF Facility, RIKEN, Japan. The produced secondary fragments of interest were identified event-by-event using the BigRIPS separator. The fragments were implanted into the WAS3ABI position sensitive silicon active stopper which allowed pixelated correlations between implants and their subsequent β-decay. Discrete γ-ray transitions emitted following decays from either metastable states or excited states populated following beta decay were identified using the 84 coaxial high-purity germanium (HPGe) detectors of the EURICA spectrometer, which was complemented by 18 additional cerium-doped lanthanum bromide (LaBr3) fast-timing scintillation detectors from the FATIMA collaboration. This paper presents the internal decay of a metastable isomeric excited state in the odd-odd nucleus 168Tb, which corresponds to a single proton-neutron hole configuration in the valence maximum nucleus 170Dy. These data represent the first information on excited states in this nucleus, which is the most neutron-rich odd-odd isotope of terbium (Z=65) studied to date. Nilsson configurations associated with an axially symmetric, prolate-deformed nucleus are proposed for the 168Tb ground state the observed isomeric state by comparison with Blocked BCS-Nilsson calculations.

  9. Growth of DySi sub 2 layers on Si surface by high-current Dy-ion implantation

    CERN Document Server

    Cheng, X Q

    2003-01-01

    We report, in this paper, the synthesis of DySi sub 2 layers on Si surfaces by high-current Dy-ion implantation in Si wafers using a metal vapor vacuum arc ion source. It was found that the continuous DySi sub 2 layers could grow at a relatively low formation temperature of 190degC and that the surface morphology varied with the variation of the implantation parameters. The formation mechanism of the equilibrium DySi sub 2 phase as well as the continuous DySi sub 2 layer on Si surface is proposed in terms of ion beam heating and the effect of ion dose on the Dy-ion implantation process. (author)

  10. Defective muscle basement membrane and lack of M-laminin in the dystrophic dy/dy mouse

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Xu, H; Christmas, P; Wu, X R

    1994-01-01

    -linked Duchenne and Becker muscular dystrophies. We have examined M-laminin expression in mice with autosomal recessive muscular dystrophy caused by the mutation dy. The heavy chain of M-laminin was undetectable in skeletal muscle, heart muscle, and peripheral nerve by immunofluorescence and immunoblotting......M-laminin is a major member of the laminin family of basement membrane proteins. It is prominently expressed in striated muscle and peripheral nerve. M-laminin is deficient in patients with the autosomal recessive Fukuyama congenital muscular dystrophy but is normal in patients with the sex...... tissue from dy/dy mice, suggesting that M-laminin heavy-chain mRNA may be produced at very low levels or is unstable. Information about the chromosomal localization of the M heavy-chain in human and mouse suggests that a mutation in the M-chain gene causes the muscular dystrophy in dy/dy mice. The dy...

  11. Murine model of TB meningitis

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Umesh Datta Gupta

    2016-01-01

    Conclusion: Our findings demonstrated the design of a novel murine model of CNS-TB using a C3 strain and that replicated events of EPTB dissemination. This model will promote efforts to understand the pathogenesis CNS-TB infection for development of improved therapeutic interventions in the future.

  12. Modul digitálního signálového procesoru pro ruční RFID čtečku

    OpenAIRE

    Benetka, Miroslav

    2008-01-01

    Tato diplomová práce se zabývá návrhem a realizací modulu digitálního signálového procesoru pro ruční RFID čtečku pracující v UHF pásmu. Je zde zvoleno řešení, které využívá speciální integrovaný obvod EM4298 pro zpracování RFID signálů. Modul je řízen mikrokontrolérem ATmega32L, který přes sběrnici USB komunikuje s PC. Pomocí obslužného programu je prováděno veškeré nastavování obvodu EM4298 a také jsou zde zpracovávána přijatá identifikační data získaná z odpovídačů. Zdrojové kódy mikrokont...

  13. Growth and magneto-optical characteristic of Ho2Ti2O7 crystal

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kang, Junbiao; Xu, Wenming; Zhang, Wenhui; Chen, Xiang; Liu, Wei; Guo, Feiyun; Wu, Shuting; Chen, Jianzhong

    2014-06-01

    A pyrochlore crystal with magneto-optical effect-Ho2Ti2O7 crystal has been grown by Czochralski method. X-ray powder diffraction, magnetic susceptibility, transmission spectrum and Faraday rotation of single crystal Ho2Ti2O7 were measured. The results of Rietveld refinement revealed that the crystal belongs to cubic system and the lattice parameters calculated by Jade 7.0 (Materials Data, Inc.) were a=1.00915(7) nm and V=1.0277 nm3. The effective magnetic moment and Curie-Weiss temperature of Ho2Ti2O7 crystal are 10.4 μB and 1.86 K, respectively. The transmittance of Ho2Ti2O7 crystals grown in Ar can be more than 72% in 700-1080 nm and 1260-1500 nm. The Verdet constant of Ho2Ti2O7 crystal at 1064 nm comes up to -54.1 rad/(mT), which is 1.35 times as large as that of Tb3Ga5O12 reported.

  14. The low-energy {beta}{sup -} and electron emitter {sup 161}Tb as an alternative to {sup 177}Lu for targeted radionuclide therapy

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Lehenberger, Silvia; Barkhausen, Christoph [Institute for Radiochemistry, Technical University of Munich, Walther-Meissner-Strasse 3, 85748 Garching (Germany); Cohrs, Susan; Fischer, Eliane; Gruenberg, Juergen; Hohn, Alexander [Center for Radiopharmaceutical Sciences, Paul Scherrer Institute, 5232 Villigen, PSI (Switzerland); Koester, Ulli [Institut Laue-Langevin, 6 rue Jules Horowitz, 38042 Grenoble (France); Schibli, Roger [Center for Radiopharmaceutical Sciences, Paul Scherrer Institute, 5232 Villigen, PSI (Switzerland); Tuerler, Andreas [Institute for Radiochemistry, Technical University of Munich, Walther-Meissner-Strasse 3, 85748 Garching (Germany); Laboratory of Radiochemistry and Environmental Chemistry, Paul Scherrer Institute, 5232 Villigen, PSI (Switzerland); Laboratory of Radiochemistry and Environmental Chemistry, Department of Chemistry and Biochemistry, University of Bern, Freiestr. 3, 3012 Bern (Switzerland); Zhernosekov, Konstantin, E-mail: konstantin.zhernosekov@psi.ch [Institute for Radiochemistry, Technical University of Munich, Walther-Meissner-Strasse 3, 85748 Garching (Germany); Center for Radiopharmaceutical Sciences, Paul Scherrer Institute, 5232 Villigen, PSI (Switzerland); Laboratory of Radiochemistry and Environmental Chemistry, Paul Scherrer Institute, 5232 Villigen, PSI (Switzerland)

    2011-08-15

    Introduction: The low-energy {beta}{sup -} emitter {sup 161}Tb is very similar to {sup 177}Lu with respect to half-life, beta energy and chemical properties. However, {sup 161}Tb also emits a significant amount of conversion and Auger electrons. Greater therapeutic effect can therefore be expected in comparison to {sup 177}Lu. It also emits low-energy photons that are useful for gamma camera imaging. Methods: The {sup 160}Gd(n,{gamma}){sup 161}Gd{yields}{sup 161}Tb production route was used to produce {sup 161}Tb by neutron irradiation of massive {sup 160}Gd targets (up to 40 mg) in nuclear reactors. A semiautomated procedure based on cation exchange chromatography was developed and applied to isolate no carrier added (n.c.a.) {sup 161}Tb from the bulk of the {sup 160}Gd target and from its stable decay product {sup 161}Dy. {sup 161}Tb was used for radiolabeling DOTA-Tyr3-octreotate; the radiolabeling profile was compared to the commercially available n.c.a. {sup 177}Lu. A {sup 161}Tb Derenzo phantom was imaged using a small-animal single-photon emission computed tomography camera. Results: Up to 15 GBq of {sup 161}Tb was produced by long-term irradiation of Gd targets. Using a cation exchange resin, we obtained 80%-90% of the available {sup 161}Tb with high specific activity, radionuclide and chemical purity and in quantities sufficient for therapeutic applications. The {sup 161}Tb obtained was of the quality required to prepare {sup 161}Tb-DOTA-Tyr3-octreotate. Conclusions: We were able to produce {sup 161}Tb in n.c.a. form by irradiating highly enriched {sup 160}Gd targets; it can be obtained in the quantity and quality required for the preparation of {sup 161}Tb-labeled therapeutic agents.

  15. High-spin structure of neutron-rich Dy isotopes

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    Abstract. In view of recent experimental progress on production and spectroscopy of neutron-rich isotopes of Dy with mass number A. 166 and 168, we have made theoretical investigations on the structure of high spin states of164 170Dy isotopes in the cranked Hartree–Fock–Bogoliubov (CHFB) theory employing a ...

  16. Formation of ternary Mg–Cu–Dy bulk metallic glasses

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    Administrator

    Abstract. The glass-forming ability (GFA) of ternary Mg–Cu–Dy alloys was systematically investigated by using differential scanning calorimetry (DSC) and X-ray diffractometry (XRD) techniques. The results showed that a series of ternary Mg–Cu–Dy bulk metallic glasses (BGMs) with a diameter of 4–8 mm were suc-.

  17. Tricks to translating TB transcriptomics.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Deffur, Armin; Wilkinson, Robert J; Coussens, Anna K

    2015-05-01

    Transcriptomics and other high-throughput methods are increasingly applied to questions relating to tuberculosis (TB) pathogenesis. Whole blood transcriptomics has repeatedly been applied to define correlates of TB risk and has produced new insight into the late stage of disease pathogenesis. In a novel approach, authors of a recently published study in Science Translational Medicine applied complex data analysis of existing TB transcriptomic datasets, and in vitro models, in an attempt to identify correlates of protection in TB, which are crucially required for the development of novel TB diagnostics and therapeutics to halt this global epidemic. Utilizing latent TB infection (LTBI) as a surrogate of protection, they identified IL-32 as a mediator of interferon gamma (IFNγ)-vitamin D dependent antimicrobial immunity and a marker of LTBI. Here, we provide a review of all TB whole-blood transcriptomic studies to date in the context of identifying correlates of protection, discuss potential pitfalls of combining complex analyses originating from such studies, the importance of detailed metadata to interpret differential patient classification algorithms, the effect of differing circulating cell populations between patient groups on the interpretation of resulting biomarkers and we decipher weighted gene co-expression network analysis (WGCNA), a recently developed systems biology tool which holds promise of identifying novel pathway interactions in disease pathogenesis. In conclusion, we propose the development of an integrated OMICS platform and open access to detailed metadata, in order for the TB research community to leverage the vast array of OMICS data being generated with the aim of unraveling the holy grail of TB research: correlates of protection.

  18. A physicochemical research of the Dy-Sn-O system

    Science.gov (United States)

    Malinovskaya, Tatyana; Lysak, Ilya; Zhek, Valentina; Kuznetsova, Svetlana

    2017-11-01

    A physicochemical research of the processes of phase composition formation in the materials of the Dy-Sn-O system was performed. Phase composition was taking place in the course of thermal treatment of dysprosium (III) and tin (IV) codeposition products. These were codeposited from nitrate solutions at pH 7, and 25% ammonia water was used as the precipitant. Using thermal and X-ray diffraction analysis, it was found that in the above system at 90 wt. % of Dy2O3 and 10 wt. % of SnO2, when the precursors were heated above 600°C there are no solid solutions. In the meanwhile, at temperatures below 1000°C there is only one phase, Dy2O3. At temperatures above 1000°C, the system becomes bi-phase and includes Dy2O3 and Dy2Sn2O7.

  19. Detectemos la TB. Tratemos la TB. Trabajemos juntos para eliminar la TB. (Find TB. Treat TB. Working together to eliminate TB.)

    Centers for Disease Control (CDC) Podcasts

    2014-02-26

    Este podcast trata sobre el Día Mundial de la Tuberculosis y el tema de los CDC para el año 2014.  Created: 2/26/2014 by National Center for HIV/AIDS, Viral Hepatitis, STD, and TB Prevention (NCHHSTP).   Date Released: 2/26/2014.

  20. Low-pressure study of the HO2 + HO2 reaction at 298 K

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sander, S. P.

    1984-01-01

    The rate constant for the reaction HO2 + HO2 yields H2O2 + O2 was measured at 298 K and 1 torr total pressure of helium by using the discharge flow technique. A quadrupole mass spectrometer was used to detect HO2 in conjunction with in situ long-path ultraviolet absorption which was used for calibration. A value of 1.5 + or - 0.4 x 10 to the -12th per molecule/s was obtained for k1 where the rate constant is defined by the relation -d(HO2)/dt = 2K1(HO2)HO2.

  1. Magnetic properties of Dy nano-islands on graphene

    Science.gov (United States)

    Anderson, Nathaniel A.; Zhang, Qiang; Hupalo, Myron; Rosenberg, Richard A.; Freeland, John W.; Tringides, Michael C.; Vaknin, David

    2017-08-01

    We have determined the magnetic properties of epitaxially grown Dy islands on graphene/SiC(0001) that are passivated by a gold film (deposited in the ultra-high vacuum growth chamber) for ex-situ X-ray magnetic circular dichroism (XMCD). Our sum-rule analysis of the Dy M4,5 XMCD spectra at low temperatures (T = 15 K) as a function of magnetic field assuming Dy3+ (spin configuration 6H15/2) indicate that the projection of the magnetic moment along an applied magnetic field of 5 T is 3.5(3) μB . Temperature dependence of the magnetic moment (extracted from the M5 XMCD spectra) shows an onset of a change in magnetic moment at about 175 K in proximity of the transition from paramagnetic to helical magnetic structure at TH = 179 K in bulk Dy. No feature at the vicinity of the ferromagnetic transition of hcp bulk Dy at Tc = 88 K is observed. However, below ∼130 K, the inverse magnetic moment (extracted from the XMCD) is linear in temperature as commonly expected from a paramagnetic system suggesting different behavior of Dy nano-island than bulk Dy.

  2. TB anywhere is TB everywhere: the intersection of U.S. immigration enforcement policy and TB

    OpenAIRE

    Little, Reed David

    2016-01-01

    Approved for public release; distribution is unlimited Tuberculosis (TB) is a significant health issue to both the general public and the officers who enforce our nation's immigration laws. Current immigration enforcement policies increase the likelihood that immigration officers will encounter people with TB. Should the United States alter its immigration enforcement policies to address more directly the threat that tuberculosis poses to public health? This thesis reviews this question th...

  3. TB deaths reach historic levels. International (global).

    Science.gov (United States)

    More tuberculosis (TB)-related deaths occurred in 1995 than in any other year in history (almost 3 million, vs. 2.1 million for the TB epidemic around 1990). In the next 50 years, as many as 500 million people may develop TB if current rates continue. More and more of these people will develop multidrug resistant TB. TB affects all social groups. It is the leading fatal infection in youth and adults. HIV positive people are more likely to die from TB than any other condition. More women die from TB than all causes of maternal mortality combined. Almost 50% of the world's refugees may have TB. All people are at risk of TB since TB bacteria, which enter the air via coughing or sneezing, can be suspended in the air for hours. Increased air travel and migration have brought TB back to industrialized countries. Multi-drug resistant TB has emerged in New York City, London, Milan, Paris, Atlanta, Chicago, and cities in developing countries. Governments of industrialized and developing countries have been slow to understand the effects of multi-drug resistant TB for public health. During the 1970s and 1980s, TB was greatly neglected resulting in the current multi-drug resistant TB epidemic. Policy makers have not applied the tools discovered by scientists to help eliminate TB. The World Health Organization recommends directly observed treatment, short-course (DOTS) to fight TB. DOTS can increase the number of cured TB patients two-fold. It can cure almost 95% of TB patients with medicines costing less than $11 in some areas of the world. Yet DOTS is being used to cure only 10% of all TB patients in the world. If it were used in Bangladesh, Brazil, China, Ethiopia, India, Indonesia, Mexico, Nigeria, Pakistan, Russian Federation, South Africa, and Zaire, about 75% of all TB cases would be cured. In DOTS, health workers, not the TB patient, are responsible for curing the TB patient. Poor patient compliance is responsible for the current TB epidemic because TB patients remain

  4. Biomarkers of latent TB infection

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Ruhwald, Morten; Ravn, Pernille

    2009-01-01

    For the last 100 years, the tuberculin skin test (TST) has been the only diagnostic tool available for latent TB infection (LTBI) and no biomarker per se is available to diagnose the presence of LTBI. With the introduction of M. tuberculosis-specific IFN-gamma release assays (IGRAs), a new area...... of in vitro immunodiagnostic tests for LTBI based on biomarker readout has become a reality. In this review, we discuss existing evidence on the clinical usefulness of IGRAs and the indefinite number of potential new biomarkers that can be used to improve diagnosis of latent TB infection. We also present...... early data suggesting that the monocyte-derived chemokine inducible protein-10 may be useful as a novel biomarker for the immunodiagnosis of latent TB infection....

  5. Search for and study of linking transitions between super- and normal deformed wells in the {sup 151}Tb nucleus; Recherche et etude de transitions de liaison entre les puits super- et normalement deformes dans le noyau {sup 151}Tb

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Robin, J

    2003-12-01

    While the superdeformation phenomenon has been observed many times in different mass regions, the excitation energy and angular momentum are not known for most of the superdeformed bands, mainly in the A {approx} 150 mass region. We have thus undertaken the search for and study of linking transitions between super and normal deformed potential wells in the Tb{sup 151} nucleus with the EUROBALL-IV spectrometer based at the subatomic research institute of Strasbourg. This nucleus presents the peculiarity of having an excited superdeformed band identical to the yrast one of Dy{sup 152}, which has recently been linked to normal deformed states. As the Dy{sup 152} nucleus exhibits a shape coexistence in the first potential well, we have also searched for collective rotational bands with prolate but moderate shape, coexisting with the oblate structure of Tb{sup 151}. The discovery of new superdeformed bands in the Tb{sup 151,152} isotopes, the extension to lower and higher spins of the previously known bands, and mean field calculations with a deformed Woods-Saxon potential have contributed to improve our knowledge as well as raise new questions on the orbitals configuration assignments of these bands. (author)

  6. Synthesis and photoluminescence characterization of Ce and Dy ...

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    A = Na or Li), La2O3, Dy2O3/Ce2O3 and WO3 with high purity of 99·9% were used. They were taken in stoichiome- tric amounts. The Dy3+ concentrations were varied from 0·1 to 1 mol%. The starting materials were mixed thoroughly for 1 h using the agate mortar pestle. The crushed samples were placed in a silica crucible ...

  7. Studies on dyed coconut ( Cocos nucifera ) pollens for removal of ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    The ability of undyed and dyed coconut pollens to remove Cu(II) and Zn(II) from single ion solutions was been studied. The experiments were carried out using coconut pollens (1.0 g) undyed coconut pollens, UDCP, and dyed coconut pollens, DCPI, DCPII and DCPIII of different particle sizes: 0.40, 0.63 and 0.80 mm, ...

  8. Treatment: Latent TB Infection (LTBI) and TB Disease

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... Journal Articles Tuberculosis Laboratory Aggregate Reports Slide Sets Epidemiology of Tuberculosis Among Non-U.S.​–Born Persons in the United ... Facilitator Guide Introduction to TB Genotyping Core Curriculum Epidemiology of Tuberculosis in Correctional Facilities, United States, 1993-2014 Prevention ...

  9. Whence decentralised TB treatment and whither TB control in Malawi?

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    TB treatment. The results were sufficiently encouraging to expand the scheme countrywide. But strengthening NTP management capacity is a priority. Introduction. The principles ... by Pasteurl, and Robert Koch discovered Mycobacterium tuberculosis as the cause of .... work the following are required: 1) good health centre ...

  10. Comparison of the Sequence-Dependent Fluorescence of the Cyanine Dyes Cy3, Cy5, DyLight DY547 and DyLight DY647 on Single-Stranded DNA

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kretschy, Nicole; Somoza, Mark M.

    2014-01-01

    Cyanine dyes are commonly used for fluorescent labeling of DNA and RNA oligonucleotides in applications including qPCR, sequencing, fluorescence in situ hybridization, Förster resonance energy transfer, and labeling for microarray hybridization. Previous research has shown that the fluorescence efficiency of Cy3 and Cy5, covalently attached to the 5′ end of single-stranded DNA, is strongly sequence dependent. Here, we show that DY547 and DY647, two alternative cyanine dyes that are becoming widely used for nucleic acid labeling, have a similar pattern of sequence-dependence, with adjacent purines resulting in higher intensity and adjacent cytosines resulting in lower intensity. Investigated over the range of all 1024 possible DNA 5mers, the intensities of Cy3 and Cy5 drop by ∼50% and ∼65% with respect to their maxima, respectively, whereas the intensities of DY547 and DY647 fall by ∼45% and ∼40%, respectively. The reduced magnitude of change of the fluorescence intensity of the DyLight dyes, particularly of DY647 in comparison with Cy5, suggests that these dyes are less likely to introduce sequence-dependent bias into experiments based on fluorescent labeling of nucleic acids. PMID:24454899

  11. Holmium dodecaiodidoiron-octahedro-hexaholmium, {FeHo6}I12Ho

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Gerd Meyer

    2009-02-01

    Full Text Available Single crystals of {FeHo6}I12Ho were obtained during the reaction of HoI3 with metallic holmium and iron in a sealed tantalum container. The crystal structure consists of isolated holmium clusters encapsulating a single Fe atom, {FeHo6} (overline{3} symmetry. The rare earth metal atoms are surrounded by 12 edge-capping and six terminal iodide ligands that either connect the clusters to each other directly or via HoI6 octahedra (overline{3} symmetry.

  12. Extensively Drug-Resistant Tuberculosis (XDR TB)

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... to be grown and tested in a specialized laboratory. Final diagnosis for TB, and especially for XDR TB, may ... Help: How do I view different file formats (PDF, DOC, PPT, MPEG) on this site? Adobe PDF ...

  13. Extensively Drug-Resistant TB

    Centers for Disease Control (CDC) Podcasts

    2016-12-16

    Dr. Charlotte Kvasnovsky, a surgery resident and Ph.D. candidate in biostatistics, discusses various types of drug resistance in TB patients in South Africa.  Created: 12/16/2016 by National Center for Emerging and Zoonotic Infectious Diseases (NCEZID).   Date Released: 12/16/2016.

  14. TB in Wild Asian Elephants

    Centers for Disease Control (CDC) Podcasts

    2017-05-10

    Dr. Susan Mikota, co-founder of Elephant Care International, discusses TB in wild Asian elephants.  Created: 5/10/2017 by National Center for Emerging and Zoonotic Infectious Diseases (NCEZID).   Date Released: 5/10/2017.

  15. Curing TB with open science.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ekins, Sean; Williams, Antony J

    2014-03-01

    There are many funded efforts going on focused on tuberculosis research and drug or vaccine development. There is little if any global coordination or collaboration and subsequently there are likely to be huge data silos and duplication of efforts. We now propose steps to remedy this by fostering more open science in TB research. Copyright © 2013 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

  16. Questions and Answers about TB

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... Journal Articles Tuberculosis Laboratory Aggregate Reports Slide Sets Epidemiology of Tuberculosis Among Non-U.S.​–Born Persons in the United ... Facilitator Guide Introduction to TB Genotyping Core Curriculum Epidemiology of Tuberculosis in Correctional Facilities, United States, 1993-2014 Prevention ...

  17. Ho

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    Projects under Scientific and Technological planning of the education office, Jiangxi Province (GCJ2011-243), domestic visiting scholar of Jiangxi provincial higher education insti- tution, Jiangxi Province Training Programs of Innovation and. Entrepreneurship for Undergraduates (201310407028), the. Science Program of ...

  18. Thermochemistry of HO2 + HO2 → H2O4: Does HO2 Dimerization Affect Laboratory Studies?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sprague, Matthew K; Irikura, Karl K

    2015-07-09

    Self-reaction is an important sink for the hydroperoxy radical (HO2) in the atmosphere. It has been suggested (Denis, P. A.; Ornellas, F. R. J. Phys. Chem. A, 2009, 113 (2), 499-506) that the minor product hydrogen tetroxide (HO4H) may act as a reservoir of HO2. Here, we compute the thermochemistry of HO2 self-reactions to determine if either HO4H or the cyclic hydrogen-bound dimer (HO2)2 can act as reservoirs. We computed electronic energies using coupled-cluster calculations in the complete basis set limit, CCSD(T)/CBS[45]//CCSD(T)/cc-pVTZ. Our model chemistry includes corrections for vibrational anharmonicity in the zero-point energy and vibrational partition functions, core-valence correlation, scalar relativistic effects, diagonal Born-Oppenheimer, spin-orbit splitting, and higher-order corrections. We compute the Gibbs energy of dimerization to be (-20.1 ± 1.6) kJ/mol at 298.15 K (2σ uncertainty), and (-32.3 ± 1.5) kJ/mol at 220 K. For atmospherically relevant [HO2] = 10(8) molecules per cm(3), our thermochemistry indicates that dimerization will be negligible, and thus H2O4 species are atmospherically unimportant. Under conditions used in laboratory experiments ([HO2] > 10(12) molecules per cm(3), 220 K), H2O4 formation may be significant. We compute two absorption spectra that could be used for laboratory detection of HO4H: the OH stretch overtone (near-IR) and electronic (UV) spectra.

  19. Clinical trial of {sup 166}Ho-CHICO in the treatment of rheumatoid knee synovitis

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Kim, S. Y.; Yoo, D. H.; Bae, S. C.; Lee, I. H.; Jung, S. S.; Jun, J. B.; Kim, T. H.; Kim, S. S. [Hanyang Univ., Seoul (Korea)

    2000-03-01

    The untreated, chronic synovial inflammation leads to pannus formation and eventual destruction of the articular cartilage. In cases where medical therapy was unsuccessful, surgical of radiation synovectomy over surgical synovectomy are (1) greater destruction of diseased synovium, (2) reduced Potential for blood clots and infection, (3) no requirement for anesthesia, and (4) less costly and less time consuming. Recently KAERI developed Dy-165 HMA, which was characterized by the absence of iron and a higher concentration of dysprosium. And then more recently KAERI also developed {sup 16H}o-CHICO, which was characterized by relatively longer half-life (26.8 hr), more biological due to organic nature of chitosan, more even spatial distribution due to colloidal solution, and more absorbable to synovium than Dy-165 HMA. These long-term follow-up results indicate that the {sup 166}Ho-CHICO is an effective and safe agent for radiation synovectomy for knee synovitis in patients with rheumatoid arthritis as well as the other chronic arthritides. But further large scaled and controlled study are required. 16 refs. (Author)

  20. Heightened vulnerability to MDR-TB epidemics after controlling drug-susceptible TB.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bishai, Jason D; Bishai, William R; Bishai, David M

    2010-09-22

    Prior infection with one strain TB has been linked with diminished likelihood of re-infection by a new strain. This paper attempts to determine the role of declining prevalence of drug-susceptible TB in enabling future epidemics of MDR-TB. A computer simulation of MDR-TB epidemics was developed using an agent-based model platform programmed in NetLogo (See http://mdr.tbtools.org/). Eighty-one scenarios were created, varying levels of treatment quality, diagnostic accuracy, microbial fitness cost, and the degree of immunogenicity elicited by drug-susceptible TB. Outcome measures were the number of independent MDR-TB cases per trial and the proportion of trials resulting in MDR-TB epidemics for a 500 year period after drug therapy for TB is introduced. MDR-TB epidemics propagated more extensively after TB prevalence had fallen. At a case detection rate of 75%, improving therapeutic compliance from 50% to 75% can reduce the probability of an epidemic from 45% to 15%. Paradoxically, improving the case-detection rate from 50% to 75% when compliance with DOT is constant at 75% increases the probability of MDR-TB epidemics from 3% to 45%. The ability of MDR-TB to spread depends on the prevalence of drug-susceptible TB. Immunologic protection conferred by exposure to drug-susceptible TB can be a crucial factor that prevents MDR-TB epidemics when TB treatment is poor. Any single population that successfully reduces its burden of drug-susceptible TB will have reduced herd immunity to externally or internally introduced strains of MDR-TB and can experience heightened vulnerability to an epidemic. Since countries with good TB control may be more vulnerable, their self interest dictates greater promotion of case detection and DOTS implementation in countries with poor control to control their risk of MDR-TB.

  1. Heightened vulnerability to MDR-TB epidemics after controlling drug-susceptible TB.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jason D Bishai

    2010-09-01

    Full Text Available Prior infection with one strain TB has been linked with diminished likelihood of re-infection by a new strain. This paper attempts to determine the role of declining prevalence of drug-susceptible TB in enabling future epidemics of MDR-TB.A computer simulation of MDR-TB epidemics was developed using an agent-based model platform programmed in NetLogo (See http://mdr.tbtools.org/. Eighty-one scenarios were created, varying levels of treatment quality, diagnostic accuracy, microbial fitness cost, and the degree of immunogenicity elicited by drug-susceptible TB. Outcome measures were the number of independent MDR-TB cases per trial and the proportion of trials resulting in MDR-TB epidemics for a 500 year period after drug therapy for TB is introduced.MDR-TB epidemics propagated more extensively after TB prevalence had fallen. At a case detection rate of 75%, improving therapeutic compliance from 50% to 75% can reduce the probability of an epidemic from 45% to 15%. Paradoxically, improving the case-detection rate from 50% to 75% when compliance with DOT is constant at 75% increases the probability of MDR-TB epidemics from 3% to 45%.The ability of MDR-TB to spread depends on the prevalence of drug-susceptible TB. Immunologic protection conferred by exposure to drug-susceptible TB can be a crucial factor that prevents MDR-TB epidemics when TB treatment is poor. Any single population that successfully reduces its burden of drug-susceptible TB will have reduced herd immunity to externally or internally introduced strains of MDR-TB and can experience heightened vulnerability to an epidemic. Since countries with good TB control may be more vulnerable, their self interest dictates greater promotion of case detection and DOTS implementation in countries with poor control to control their risk of MDR-TB.

  2. Ho:YLF pumped HBr laser.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Botha, L R; Bollig, C; Esser, M J D; Campbell, R N; Jacobs, C; Preussler, D R

    2009-10-26

    A Ho:YLF laser pumped HBr molecular laser was developed that produced up to 2.5 mJ of energy in the 4 micron wavelength region. The Ho:YLF laser was fiber pumped using a commercial Tm:fibre laser. The Ho:YLF laser was operated in a single longitudinal mode via injection seeding with a narrow band diode laser which in turn was locked to one of the HBr transitions. The behavior of the HBr laser was described using a rate equation mathematical model and this was solved numerically. Good agreement both qualitatively and quantitatively between the model and experimental results was obtained.

  3. HoME: a Household Multimodal Environment

    OpenAIRE

    Brodeur, Simon; Perez, Ethan; Anand, Ankesh; Golemo, Florian; Celotti, Luca; Strub, Florian; Rouat, Jean; Larochelle, Hugo; Courville, Aaron

    2017-01-01

    We introduce HoME: a Household Multimodal Environment for artificial agents to learn from vision, audio, semantics, physics, and interaction with objects and other agents, all within a realistic context. HoME integrates over 45,000 diverse 3D house layouts based on the SUNCG dataset, a scale which may facilitate learning, generalization, and transfer. HoME is an open-source, OpenAI Gym-compatible platform extensible to tasks in reinforcement learning, language grounding, sound-based navigatio...

  4. Synthesis, structure and spectroscopic properties of luminescent GdVO4:Dy3+ and DyVO4 particles

    Science.gov (United States)

    Jovanović, Dragana J.; Chiappini, Andrea; Zur, Lidia; Gavrilović, Tamara V.; Lam Tran, Thi Ngoc; Chiasera, Alessandro; Lukowiak, Anna; Smits, Krisjanis; Dramićanin, Miroslav D.; Ferrari, Maurizio

    2018-02-01

    In this work, we focused on the syntheses, structure and spectroscopic properties of GdVO4:Dy3+ and DyVO4 (nano)particles of different sizes and shapes (spherical nanoparticles of 2 nm, 4 nm, and 20 nm in size, nanorods with a few nanometers in diameter and up to 10-20 nm in length and microparticles of 1-8 μm) obtained by four synthetic methods. The size effect on the structure, Raman active modes, and photoluminescence emission intensities was analyzed by X-ray diffraction, Raman and photoluminescence spectroscopy, scanning and transmission electron microscopy, and diffuse reflection spectroscopy. All X-ray diffraction patterns clearly indicated presence of a single tetragonal zircon-type phase; absence of impurity phases indicate that the dopant Dy3+ ions were successfully and uniformly incorporated into the GdVO4 host lattice due to the equal valence and similar ionic radii. Micro-Raman measurements support the XRD measurements and showed Raman-active modes of the REVO4 systems (RE = Gd, Dy). The difference between the two hosts in the diffuse reflectance spectra was observed and it could be attributed to more effective Gd3+ ions on the charge transfer bands and different polarization (compared to bulk material) in smaller nanoparticles. Photoluminescence spectroscopy showed several bands in the visible and near-infrared regions which can be exclusively attributed to the f-f transitions of Dy3+ ions.

  5. Reaction rate constant of HO2+O3 measured by detecting HO2 from photofragment fluorescence

    Science.gov (United States)

    Manzanares, E. R.; Suto, Masako; Lee, Long C.; Coffey, Dewitt, Jr.

    1986-01-01

    A room-temperature discharge-flow system investigation of the rate constant for the reaction 'HO2 + O3 yields OH + 2O2' has detected HO2 through the OH(A-X) fluorescence produced by photodissociative excitation of HO2 at 147 nm. A reaction rate constant of 1.9 + or - 0.3 x 10 to the -15th cu cm/molecule per sec is obtained from first-order decay of HO2 in excess O3; this agrees well with published data.

  6. The Calculation of Ho Production by indirect Method and Preparation of Polymeric Microsphere for Radioembolisation

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Choi, K. H.; Kim, J. B.; Park, U. J.; Cho, E. H.; Nam, S. S.; Yoo, K. M.; Jang, K. D. [KAERI, Daejeon (Korea, Republic of)

    2016-05-15

    The reactor-produced radiolanthanides have been essential for development of therapeutic radiopharmaceuticals because they emit proper beta energies to induce tumor necrosis. Some radiolanthanides are very useful in that they have the ability of simultaneous diagnosis and therapeutic effect. This nuclide with both capacities is called as theranostic nuclide. In general, radiolanthanides can be produced by (n,γ) and (n,γ)β reaction. Of the two reactions, (n,γ)β reaction-product, shows high specific activity which is important things to affect labeling yield, is suitable for preparing the radiophamaceuticals comprising the antibody or peptide. Some radiolanthanides show the good theranostic effect in that they have proper LET (Linear Energy Transfer) to induce apoptosis for cancer and gamma ray to use as a tracer for cancer diagnosis. Although Ho-166 has been studied for therapeutic purpose since early 1990, production has been limited to direct method. To inject Dy/Ho mixture into the microsphere, we first set-up the concepts which are prior metal-administration method and posterior administration method. The latter is shown in this paper. Metal inletting process was done by using alternating between vacuum and pressurization. To prevent the leak of metal ions from metal/microsphere hybrid, surface coating was done by using interfacial reaction between saline and THF contained Poly lactic acid. Surface coating is simply completed just swiveling the vial. All experiments in this study, we just only tested with cold state.

  7. HO-CHUNK: Radiation Transfer code

    Science.gov (United States)

    Whitney, Barbara A.; Wood, Kenneth; Bjorkman, J. E.; Cohen, Martin; Wolff, Michael J.

    2017-11-01

    HO-CHUNK calculates radiative equilibrium temperature solution, thermal and PAH/vsg emission, scattering and polarization in protostellar geometries. It is useful for computing spectral energy distributions (SEDs), polarization spectra, and images.

  8. Immunity to TB and targets for immunotherapy.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gonzalez-Juarrero, Mercedes

    2012-02-01

    For centuries the treatment of TB has presented an enormous challenge to global health. In the 20th century, the treatment of TB patients with long-term multidrug therapy gave hope that TB could be controlled and cured; however, contrary to these expectations and coinciding with the emergence of AIDS, the world has witnessed a rampant increase in hard-to-treat cases of TB, along with the emergence of highly virulent and multidrug-resistant Mycobacterium tuberculosis strains. Unfortunately, these bacteria are now circulating around the world, and there are few effective drugs to treat them. As a result, the prospects for improved treatment and control of TB in the 21st century have worsened and we urgently need to identify new therapies that deal with this problem. The potential use of immunotherapy for TB is now of greater consideration than ever before, as immunotherapy could potentially overcome the problem of drug resistance. TB immunotherapy targets the already existing host anti-TB immune response and aims to enhance killing of the bacilli. For this purpose, several approaches have been used: the use of anti-Mycobacteria antibodies; enhancing the Th1 protective responses by using mycobacterial antigens or increasing Th1 cytokines; interfering with the inflammatory process and targeting of immunosuppressive pathways and targeting the cell activation/proliferation pathways. This article reviews our current understanding of TB immunity and targets for immunotherapy that could be used in combination with current TB chemotherapy.

  9. The neuroprotective effect of heme oxygenase (HO) on oxidative stress in HO-1 siRNA-transfected HT22 cells.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kaizaki, Asuka; Tanaka, Sachiko; Ishige, Kumiko; Numazawa, Satoshi; Yoshida, Takemi

    2006-09-07

    To investigate the role of heme oxygenase (HO) isozymes, we used siRNA technology to suppress HO-1 expression. HO-1 siRNA-transfected HT22 cells were vulnerable to hydrogen peroxide- and 4-hydroxynonenal-induced cytotoxicity. Biliverdin and bilirubin, degradative products of heme catalyzed by HO, protected HT22 cells from the insult of these oxidative stressors. These results suggest that inducible HO-1 plays a protective role against oxidative stress in HT22 cells.

  10. Losartan, a therapeutic candidate in congenital muscular dystrophy: studies in the dy(2J) /dy(2J) mouse.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Elbaz, Moran; Yanay, Nurit; Aga-Mizrachi, Shlomit; Brunschwig, Zivia; Kassis, Ibaa; Ettinger, Keren; Barak, Vivian; Nevo, Yoram

    2012-05-01

    Lamininα2-deficient congenital muscular dystrophy type 1A (MDC1A) is a cureless disease associated with severe disability and shortened lifespan. Previous studies have shown reduced fibrosis and restored skeletal muscle remodeling following treatment with losartan, an angiotensin II type I receptor blocker. We therefore evaluated the effect of losartan treatment in the dy(2J) /dy(2J) mouse model of MDC1A. Homozygous dy(2J) /dy(2J) and control mice were treated with losartan or placebo for 12 weeks from 6 weeks of age. Outcome measures included hindlimb and forelimb muscle strength by Grip Strength Meter and quantitative muscle fibrosis parameters. Losartan's effects on transforming growth factor β (TGF-β) and mitogen-activated protein kinase (MAPK) signaling pathways were evaluated with Western blotting, immunofluorescence, and cytokine measurements. Losartan treatment was associated with significant impressive improvement in muscle strength and amelioration of fibrosis. Administration of losartan inhibited TGF-β signaling pathway, resulting in decreased serum TGF-β1 level and reduced downstream phosphorylated (P) Smad2/3 proteins. Moreover, losartan activated Smad7 protein, a key negative regulator of TGF-β signaling. In addition, losartan treatment inhibited the MAPK cascade as shown by decreased expression of P-p38 MAPK, P-c-jun-N-terminal kinase, and P-extracellular signal-regulated kinases 1 and 2 in the treated mice. Losartan, a commonly prescribed US Food and Drug Administration-approved medication for hypertension, demonstrated clinical improvement and amelioration of fibrosis in the dy(2J) /dy(2J) mouse model of MDC1A via TGF-β and MAPK signaling pathways. The results of this study support pursuing a clinical trial of losartan treatment in children with MDC1A. Copyright © 2011 American Neurological Association.

  11. Demonstration of a hybrid Ho:YLF Ho:LuLF slab laser

    CSIR Research Space (South Africa)

    Esser, MJD

    2010-10-01

    Full Text Available The authors present a continuous-wave slab laser utilising both Ho:YLF and Ho:LuLF as laser gain media. 30 W of output power at 2 µm was demonstrated in a stable concave-plane resonator while 13 W was achieved in a hybrid stable...

  12. Why healthcare workers are sick of TB

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Arne von Delft

    2015-03-01

    Full Text Available Dr Thato Mosidi never expected to be diagnosed with tuberculosis (TB, despite widely prevalent exposure and very limited infection control measures. The life-threatening diagnosis of primary extensively drug-resistant TB (XDR-TB came as an even greater shock. The inconvenient truth is that, rather than being protected, Dr Mosidi and thousands of her healthcare colleagues are at an increased risk of TB and especially drug-resistant TB. In this viewpoint paper we debunk the widely held false belief that healthcare workers are somehow immune to TB disease (TB-proof and explore some of the key factors contributing to the pervasive stigmatization and subsequent non-disclosure of occupational TB. Our front-line workers are some of the first to suffer the consequences of a progressively more resistant and fatal TB epidemic, and urgent interventions are needed to ensure the safety and continued availability of these precious healthcare resources. These include the rapid development and scale-up of improved diagnostic and treatment options, strengthened infection control measures, and focused interventions to tackle stigma and discrimination in all its forms. We call our colleagues to action to protect themselves and those they care for.

  13. EST Table: DY230676 [KAIKOcDNA[Archive

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available x mori] dbj|BAA89306.1| Promoting Protein [Bombyx mori] 10/09/03 32 %/105 aa FBpp0237404|DvirGJ22987-PA 10/0...DY230676 EST01412 10/09/28 87 %/127 aa ref|NP_001036842.1| promoting protein [Bomby

  14. Wash fastness improvement of malachite green-dyed cotton fabrics ...

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    Washing fastness of dyed cotton fabrics by malachite green (MG) blended with nanosols composite of SiO2–TiO2 has been significantly enhanced. The nanoparticulate inorganic sols were prepared by acidcatalyzed hydrolysis of titanium (IV) tetraisopropoxide (TTIP) and tetraethylortosilicate (TEOS) in ethanol at room ...

  15. Equilibrium and kinetics studies of metal ion adsorption on dyed ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    GREGO

    2007-04-02

    diffusion control- led, even though these two different mechanisms cannot be sharply demarcated (Okieimen et al., 1987). In this study the rate of adsorption of Cu(II) and Zn(II) ions onto dyed coconut pollens was investigated at pH of.

  16. Equilibrium and kinetics studies of metal ion adsorption on dyed ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Batch equilibration studies were conducted to determine the nature of adsorption of Zn (II) and Cu (II) onto dyed coconut pollens. The nature of adsorption of metal ions was explained using the Langmuir equation. The calculated values of equilibrium parameter indicated favourable adsorption by the adsorbents. Also the ...

  17. Characteristics of the iron moment in Dy-Fe and Dy-FeCo amorphous alloys studied by X-ray magnetic circular dichroism

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Fleury-Frenette, K.; Dhesi, S.S.; Laan, G. van der; Strivay, D.; Weber, G.; Delwiche, J. E-mail: jdelwiche@ulg.ac.be

    2000-10-01

    The local magnetic moment of Fe in Dy-Fe and Dy-FeCo amorphous alloys has been studied using X-ray absorption spectroscopy and X-ray magnetic circular dichroism (XMCD). The Fe orbital and spin magnetic moments have been obtained for a range of alloy compositions by applying the sum rules to the XMCD spectra. The room temperature variations of the average components of the Fe moments as a function of Dy concentration and with the substitution of Fe by Co have been determined. A sharp reversal of the total magnetic moment was found at 28{+-}1 at% Dy for both alloys.

  18. X-ray magnetic circular dichroism (XMCD) study of a methoxide-bridged DyIII-CrIII cluster obtained by fluoride abstraction from cis-[CrIIIF2(phen)2]+

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Dreiser, Jan; Pedersen, Kasper Steen; Birk, Torben

    2012-01-01

    An isostructural series of dinuclear chromium(III)-lanthanide(III) clusters is formed by fluoride abstraction of cis-[CrF(2)(phen)(2)](+) by Ln(3+) resulting in LnF(3) and methoxide-bridged Cr-Ln clusters (Ln = Nd (1), Tb (2), Dy (3)) of formula [Cr(III)(phen)(2)(µ-MeO)(2)Ln(NO(3))(4)]·xMeOH (x = 2...

  19. Stop TB in My Lifetime: A Call for a World Free of TB - World TB Day 2013

    Centers for Disease Control (CDC) Podcasts

    2012-03-12

    In this podcast Dr. Kenneth Castro, Director of the Division of Tuberculosis Elimination, discusses World TB Day, the 2013 slogan and theme.  Created: 3/12/2012 by National Center for HIV/AIDS, Viral Hepatitis, STD, and TB Prevention (NCHHSTP).   Date Released: 3/13/2012.

  20. X-ray resonant magnetic scattering investigations of hexagonal multiferroics RMnO3 (R = Dy, Ho, Er)

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Nandi, Shibabrata [Iowa State Univ., Ames, IA (United States)

    2009-01-01

    Electricity and magnetism were unified into a common subject by James Clerk Maxwell in the nineteenth century yielding the electromagnetic theory. Four equations govern the dynamics of electric charges and magnetic fields, commonly known as Maxwell's equations. Maxwell's equations demonstrate that an accelerated charged particle can produce magnetic fields and a time varying magnetic field can induce a voltage - thereby linking the two phenomena. However, in solids, electric and magnetic ordering are most often considered separately and usually with good reason: the electric charges of electrons and ions are responsible for the charge effects, whereas the electron spin governs magnetic properties.

  1. Diagnostika sociálního klimatu třídy na 1. stupni ZŠ

    OpenAIRE

    SUCHNOVÁ, Martina

    2008-01-01

    The work deals with the diagnostics of social climate of a classroom at Primary School. The theoretical part characterizes basic concepts, which form the social climate of a classroom: school role, environment, classroom climate and atmosphere, peculiarity of a teacher and pupils, positive classroom climate, problems in classroom climate and the methodology of investigation. The practical part contains an empirical research that was realised at one-room Primary School. ``My Class Inventory{\\c...

  2. Prevalence of drug resistant TB among outpatients at an HIV/TB clinic in Lilongwe, Malawi.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Barnett, Brian; Gokhale, Runa H; Krysiak, Robert; Kanyemba, Creto; Chikaonda, Tarsizio; Bokosi, Mphatso; Mukuzunga, Cornelius; Saidi, Friday; Phiri, Sam; Hoffman, Irving F; Hosseinipour, Mina C

    2015-12-01

    We sought to determine the prevalence of drug resistant TB among outpatients initiating TB treatment in Lilongwe, Malawi. This was a prospective cohort study of patients 18 years and older initiating TB treatment at Martin Preuss Centre, the primary integrated HIV/TB clinic in Lilongwe, Malawi, from April 2011 to July 2012. Procedures included questionnaires, physical exam, chest x-ray, full blood count and sputum collection. Sputum samples underwent acid-fast bacilli (AFB) smear testing and culture by Lowenstein-Jensen (LJ) and liquid Mycobacteria Growth Indicator Tube (MGIT) methods. Drug sensitivity was investigated using the Hain GenoType MTBDRplus line probe assay. Of the 702 patients, 219 (31.2%) were female and 653 (93.0%) were presenting for first-time TB treatment. HIV co-infection was present in 420 (59.8%) cases, with 137 (32.6%) of those patients receiving antiretroviral therapy at presentation. TB was culture-confirmed in 375 (53.4%) patients, 349 of which were first time treatment and 26 retreatment. Ten cases of isoniazid-resistant TB (2.9% of culture confirmed cases of newly treated TB), one of rifampin-resistant TB (0.3% culture confirmed cases of newly treated TB) and one of multi-drug resistant TB (MDR-TB) (3.8% of culture confirmed cases of retreatment TB) were detected. MDR-TB prevalence is low among outpatients initiating TB treatment in Lilongwe. © The Author 2015. Published by Oxford University Press on behalf of Royal Society of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene. All rights reserved. For permissions, please e-mail: journals.permissions@oup.com.

  3. TB Testing for People Living with HIV

    Centers for Disease Control (CDC) Podcasts

    2012-07-23

    Dr. Kenneth Castro, Director of the Division of Tuberculosis Elimination, explains why it is important for people living with HIV to be tested for TB.  Created: 7/23/2012 by National Center for HIV/AIDS, Viral Hepatitis, STD, and TB Prevention (NCHHSTP).   Date Released: 7/23/2012.

  4. Diagnosis of active TB using aptamers

    CSIR Research Space (South Africa)

    Khati, M

    2013-08-01

    Full Text Available A lack of simple, rapid, accurate, and affordable point-of-care diagnostic tools tailored to detect active TB early enough for opportune intervention in high HIV and TB prevalence developing countries is one of defining public health problems of our...

  5. TB in Correctional Facilities Is a Public Health Concern

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... Past Emails TB in Correctional Facilities is a Public Health Concern Recommend on Facebook Tweet Share Compartir Diagnosing ... the community with untreated TB present a serious public health concern. Figure 1 (larger view). TB Control in ...

  6. Conversion of homothallic yeast to heterothallism trough HO gene disruption

    CSIR Research Space (South Africa)

    Van Zyl, WH

    1993-04-01

    Full Text Available A simple method was developed for the conversion of homothallic Saccharomyces cerevisiae yeaststrains to heterothallism through HO gene disruption. An integrative ho:: neo disrupted allele was constructed by cloning a dominant selectable marker...

  7. 'Z(S)-MDR-TB' versus 'Z(R)-MDR-TB': improving treatment of MDR-TB by identifying pyrazinamide susceptibility.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zhang, Ying; Chiu Chang, Kwok; Leung, Chi-Chiu; Wai Yew, Wing; Gicquel, Brigitte; Fallows, Dorothy; Kaplan, Gilla; Chaisson, Richard E; Zhang, Wenhong

    2012-07-01

    Indispensable for shortening treatment of drug-susceptible tuberculosis (TB), pyrazinamide (PZA, Z) is also essential in the treatment of multidrug-resistant (MDR)-TB. While resistance to PZA in MDR-TB is associated with poor treatment outcome, bacillary susceptibility to PZA along with the use of fluoroquinolone (FQ) and second-line injectable drugs (SLIDs) may predict improved treatment success in MDR-TB. Despite a high prevalence of PZA resistance among MDR-TB patients (10%-85%), PZA susceptibility testing is seldom performed because of technical challenges. To improve treatment of MDR-TB, we propose to: (i) classify MDR-TB into PZA-susceptible MDR-TB (Z(S)-MDR-TB) and PZA-resistant MDR-TB (Z(R)-MDR-TB); (ii) use molecular tests such as DNA sequencing (pncA, gyrA, rrs, etc.) to rapidly identify Z(S)-MDR-TB versus Z(R)-MDR-TB and susceptibility profile for FQ and SLID; (iii) refrain from using PZA in Z(R)-MDR-TB; and (iv) explore the feasibility of shortening the treatment duration of Z(S)-MDR-TB with a regimen comprising PZA plus at least two bactericidal agents especially new agents like TMC207 or PA-824 or delamanid which the bacilli are susceptible to, with one or two other agents. These measures may potentially shorten therapy, save costs, and reduce side effects of MDR-TB treatment.

  8. Understanding social context on TB cases

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ariyanto, Y.; Wati, D. M.

    2017-01-01

    Tuberculosis (TB) nowadays still becomes one of the world’s deadliest communicable disease. More than half were in South-East Asia and Western Pacific Regions, including Indonesia. As developing country, Indonesia remains classic problems in overcoming TB, that is discontinuation on treatment. Most of discontinuation on treatment among TB patients are affected by diagnostic delay that caused by patient delay. These phenomena occur in many areas, rural to suburb, coastal to plantation, and so on, and they are related with social context among community that could be social capital for each community to deal with TB. Jember as one of county in East Java is known as plantation area. It also has a high prevalence of TB. This study focused on understanding about social context among community, especially on plantation area. This cross-sectional study involved in three districts of Jember, those are Tanggul, Pakusari, and Kalisat. The data were obtained directly from the TB patients, local community, and Primary Health Care (PHC) where the patients recorded. Spatial analysis and social network analysis (SNA) were applied to obtain health seeking behavior pattern among the TB patients coincide the community. Most of TB patients had already chosen health professionals to lead the treatment, although some of them remained to choose self-medication. Meanwhile, SNA showed that religious leader was considered as main part of countermeasures of TB. But they didn’t ever become central figures. So it can be concluded that there are other parts among community who can contribute due to combatting on TB.

  9. Luminomagnetic Eu3+- and Dy3+-doped hydroxyapatite for multimodal imaging.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Tesch, Annemarie; Wenisch, Christoph; Herrmann, Karl-Heinz; Reichenbach, Jürgen R; Warncke, Paul; Fischer, Dagmar; Müller, Frank A

    2017-12-01

    Multimodal imaging has recently attracted much attention due to the advantageous combination of different imaging modalities, like photoluminescence (PL) and magnetic resonance imaging (MRI). In the present study, luminescent and magnetic hydroxyapatites (HAp) were prepared via doping with europium (Eu3+) and dysprosium (Dy3+), respectively. Co-doping of Eu3+ and Dy3+ was used to combine the desired physical properties. Both lanthanide ions were successfully incorporated in the HAp crystal lattice, where they preferentially occupied calcium(I) sites. While Eu-doped HAp (Eu:HAp) exhibits dopant concentration dependent persistent PL properties, Dy-doped HAp (Dy:HAp) shows paramagnetic behavior due to the high magnetic moment of Dy3+. Co-doped HAp (Eu:Dy:HAp) nanoparticles combine both properties in one single crystal. Remarkably, multimodal co-doped HAp features enhanced PL properties due to an energy transfer from Dy3+ sensitizer to Eu3+ activator ions. Eu:Dy:HAp exhibits strong transverse relaxation effects with a maximum transverse relaxivity of 83.3L/(mmol·s). Due to their tunable PL, magnetic properties and cytocompatibility Eu:-, Dy:- and Eu:Dy:HAp represent promising biocompatible ceramic materials for luminescence imaging that simultaneously may serve as a contrast agent for MRI in permanent implants or functional coatings. Copyright © 2017 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.

  10. Spin Waves in Ho2Co17

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Clausen, Kurt Nørgaard; Lebech, Bente

    1980-01-01

    Spin wave excitations in a single crystal of Ho2Co17 have been studied at 4.8 and 78 K. The results are discussed in terms of a linear spin wave model. At 78 K both ground state and excited state spin waves are observed.......Spin wave excitations in a single crystal of Ho2Co17 have been studied at 4.8 and 78 K. The results are discussed in terms of a linear spin wave model. At 78 K both ground state and excited state spin waves are observed....

  11. Glass and mineral chemistry of northern central Indian ridge basalts: Compositional diversity and petrogenetic significance

    Digital Repository Service at National Institute of Oceanography (India)

    Ray, Dwijesh; Banerjee, R.; Iyer, S.D.; Basavalingu, B.; Mukhopadhyay, S.

    ) 6 Y (10 ) 6 Mg# Ba Rb Th U NbLa Ce Sr Nd Sm Zr Hf Eu Ti Dy YYb LuTb La Ce Pr Nd Sm Eu Gd Tb Dy Ho Er Yb Lu 1 10 100 (a) (b) 1 10 100 Rock/chondrite PMN/ormalised Di Ol Opx Qz 20 kbar 15 kbar 10 kbar 1 bar ol ol opx au ol opx ol opx au au opx ...

  12. Basidiomycete DyPs: Genomic diversity, structural-functional aspects, reaction mechanism and environmental significance.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Linde, Dolores; Ruiz-Dueñas, Francisco J; Fernández-Fueyo, Elena; Guallar, Victor; Hammel, Kenneth E; Pogni, Rebecca; Martínez, Angel T

    2015-05-15

    The first enzyme with dye-decolorizing peroxidase (DyP) activity was described in 1999 from an arthroconidial culture of the fungus Bjerkandera adusta. However, the first DyP sequence had been deposited three years before, as a peroxidase gene from a culture of an unidentified fungus of the family Polyporaceae (probably Irpex lacteus). Since the first description, fewer than ten basidiomycete DyPs have been purified and characterized, but a large number of sequences are available from genomes. DyPs share a general fold and heme location with chlorite dismutases and other DyP-type related proteins (such as Escherichia coli EfeB), forming the CDE superfamily. Taking into account the lack of an evolutionary relationship with the catalase-peroxidase superfamily, the observed heme pocket similarities must be considered as a convergent type of evolution to provide similar reactivity to the enzyme cofactor. Studies on the Auricularia auricula-judae DyP showed that high-turnover oxidation of anthraquinone type and other DyP substrates occurs via long-range electron transfer from an exposed tryptophan (Trp377, conserved in most basidiomycete DyPs), whose catalytic radical was identified in the H2O2-activated enzyme. The existence of accessory oxidation sites in DyP is suggested by the residual activity observed after site-directed mutagenesis of the above tryptophan. DyP degradation of substituted anthraquinone dyes (such as Reactive Blue 5) most probably proceeds via typical one-electron peroxidase oxidations and product breakdown without a DyP-catalyzed hydrolase reaction. Although various DyPs are able to break down phenolic lignin model dimers, and basidiomycete DyPs also present marginal activity on nonphenolic dimers, a significant contribution to lignin degradation is unlikely because of the low activity on high redox-potential substrates. Copyright © 2015 The Authors. Published by Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

  13. The Ras antagonist, farnesylthiosalicylic acid (FTS), decreases fibrosis and improves muscle strength in dy/dy mouse model of muscular dystrophy.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Nevo, Yoram; Aga-Mizrachi, Shlomit; Elmakayes, Edva; Yanay, Nurit; Ettinger, Keren; Elbaz, Moran; Brunschwig, Zivia; Dadush, Oshrat; Elad-Sfadia, Galit; Haklai, Roni; Kloog, Yoel; Chapman, Joab; Reif, Shimon

    2011-03-22

    The Ras superfamily of guanosine-triphosphate (GTP)-binding proteins regulates a diverse spectrum of intracellular processes involved in inflammation and fibrosis. Farnesythiosalicylic acid (FTS) is a unique and potent Ras inhibitor which decreased inflammation and fibrosis in experimentally induced liver cirrhosis and ameliorated inflammatory processes in systemic lupus erythematosus, neuritis and nephritis animal models. FTS effect on Ras expression and activity, muscle strength and fibrosis was evaluated in the dy(2J)/dy(2J) mouse model of merosin deficient congenital muscular dystrophy. The dy(2J)/dy(2J) mice had significantly increased RAS expression and activity compared with the wild type mice. FTS treatment significantly decreased RAS expression and activity. In addition, phosphorylation of ERK, a Ras downstream protein, was significantly decreased following FTS treatment in the dy(2J)/dy(2J) mice. Clinically, FTS treated mice showed significant improvement in hind limb muscle strength measured by electronic grip strength meter. Significant reduction of fibrosis was demonstrated in the treated group by quantitative Sirius Red staining and lower muscle collagen content. FTS effect was associated with significantly inhibition of both MMP-2 and MMP-9 activities. We conclude that active RAS inhibition by FTS was associated with attenuated fibrosis and improved muscle strength in the dy(2J)/dy(2J) mouse model of congenital muscular dystrophy.

  14. The Ras antagonist, farnesylthiosalicylic acid (FTS, decreases fibrosis and improves muscle strength in dy/dy mouse model of muscular dystrophy.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Yoram Nevo

    Full Text Available The Ras superfamily of guanosine-triphosphate (GTP-binding proteins regulates a diverse spectrum of intracellular processes involved in inflammation and fibrosis. Farnesythiosalicylic acid (FTS is a unique and potent Ras inhibitor which decreased inflammation and fibrosis in experimentally induced liver cirrhosis and ameliorated inflammatory processes in systemic lupus erythematosus, neuritis and nephritis animal models. FTS effect on Ras expression and activity, muscle strength and fibrosis was evaluated in the dy(2J/dy(2J mouse model of merosin deficient congenital muscular dystrophy. The dy(2J/dy(2J mice had significantly increased RAS expression and activity compared with the wild type mice. FTS treatment significantly decreased RAS expression and activity. In addition, phosphorylation of ERK, a Ras downstream protein, was significantly decreased following FTS treatment in the dy(2J/dy(2J mice. Clinically, FTS treated mice showed significant improvement in hind limb muscle strength measured by electronic grip strength meter. Significant reduction of fibrosis was demonstrated in the treated group by quantitative Sirius Red staining and lower muscle collagen content. FTS effect was associated with significantly inhibition of both MMP-2 and MMP-9 activities. We conclude that active RAS inhibition by FTS was associated with attenuated fibrosis and improved muscle strength in the dy(2J/dy(2J mouse model of congenital muscular dystrophy.

  15. Hyperfine Structure and Isotope Shifts in Dy II

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Dylan F. Del Papa

    2017-01-01

    Full Text Available Using fast-ion-beam laser-fluorescence spectroscopy (FIBLAS, we have measured the hyperfine structure (hfs of 14 levels and an additional four transitions in Dy II and the isotope shifts (IS of 12 transitions in the wavelength range of 422–460 nm. These are the first precision measurements of this kind in Dy II. Along with hfs and IS, new undocumented transitions were discovered within 3 GHz of the targeted transitions. These atomic data are essential for astrophysical studies of chemical abundances, allowing correction for saturation and the effects of blended lines. Lanthanide abundances are important in diffusion modeling of stellar interiors, and in the mechanisms and history of nucleosynthesis in the universe. Hfs and IS also play an important role in the classification of energy levels, and provide a benchmark for theoretical atomic structure calculations.

  16. Childhood TB epidemiology and treatment outcomes in Thailand: a TB active surveillance network, 2004 to 2006

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Charusuntonsri Pricha

    2008-07-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background Of the 9.2 million new TB cases occurring each year, about 10% are in children. Because childhood TB is usually non-infectious and non-fatal, national programs do not prioritize childhood TB diagnosis and treatment. We reviewed data from a demonstration project to learn more about the epidemiology of childhood TB in Thailand. Methods In four Thai provinces and one national hospital, we contacted healthcare facilities monthly to record data about persons diagnosed with TB, assist with patient care, provide HIV counseling and testing, and obtain sputum for culture and susceptibility testing. We analyzed clinical and treatment outcome data for patients age Results Only 279 (2% of 14,487 total cases occurred in children. The median age of children was 8 years (range: 4 months, 14 years. Of 197 children with pulmonary TB, 63 (32% were bacteriologically-confirmed: 56 (28% were smear-positive and 7 (4% were smear-negative, but culture-positive. One was diagnosed with multi-drug resistant TB. HIV infection was documented in 75 (27%. Thirteen (17% of 75 HIV-infected children died during TB treatment compared with 4 (2% of 204 not known to be HIV-infected (p Conclusion Childhood TB is infrequently diagnosed in Thailand. Understanding whether this is due to absence of disease or diagnostic effort requires further research. HIV contributes substantially to the childhood TB burden in Thailand and is associated with high mortality.

  17. Ultraviolet Absorption Cross Sections of HO2NO2 Vapor.

    Science.gov (United States)

    1980-04-01

    Pernitric acid (also called peroxynitric acid ), HO2 NO2 , is formed in the atmosphere by recombination of HO2 and NO2 radi- cals: HO2 + NO 2 M-- HO2 N02 (1...Jesson, J.P., L.P. Glasgow, D.L. Filkin, and C. Miller (1977), The Stratospheric Abundance of Peroxynitric Acid , Geophys. Res. Lett., 4, 513-516...and J.H. Shaw (1977), The Kinetics and Mechanism of the HO -NO Reactions: The Significance of Peroxynitric Acid Formation in Plotochemical Smog

  18. Host markers in Quantiferon supernatants differentiate active TB from latent TB infection: preliminary report

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Walzl Gerhard

    2009-05-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background Interferon gamma release assays, including the QuantiFERON® TB Gold In Tube (QFT have been shown to be accurate in diagnosing Mycobacterium tuberculosis infection. These assays however, do not discriminate between latent TB infection (LTBI and active TB disease. Methods We recruited twenty-three pulmonary TB patients and 34 household contacts from Cape Town, South Africa and performed the QFT test. To investigate the ability of new host markers to differentiate between LTBI and active TB, levels of 29 biomarkers in QFT supernatants were evaluated using a Luminex multiplex cytokine assay. Results Eight out of 29 biomarkers distinguished active TB from LTBI in a pilot study. Baseline levels of epidermal growth factor (EGF soluble CD40 ligand (sCD40L, antigen stimulated levels of EGF, and the background corrected antigen stimulated levels of EGF and macrophage inflammatory protein (MIP-1β were the most informative single markers for differentiation between TB disease and LTBI, with AUCs of 0.88, 0.84, 0.87, 0.90 and 0.79 respectively. The combination of EGF and MIP-1β predicted 96% of active TB cases and 92% of LTBIs. Combinations between EGF, sCD40L, VEGF, TGF-α and IL-1α also showed potential to differentiate between TB infection states. EGF, VEGF, TGF-α and sCD40L levels were higher in TB patients. Conclusion These preliminary data suggest that active TB may be accurately differentiated from LTBI utilizing adaptations of the commercial QFT test that includes measurement of EGF, sCD40L, MIP-1β, VEGF, TGF-α or IL-1α in supernatants from QFT assays. This approach holds promise for development as a rapid diagnostic test for active TB.

  19. Multidrug-Resistant Tuberculosis (MDR TB)

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... in closed or crowded places such as hospitals, prisons, or homeless shelters. If you work in hospitals ... TB blood test. And tell the doctor or nurse when you spent time with this person. What ...

  20. HIV-Associated TB: Facts 2013

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... diagnosis and treatment of active TB disease. Xpert MTB/ RIF rapid test is recommended as the initial ... to” considerations for rapid implementation of the Xpert MTB/ RIF diagnostic test which includes an algorithm relating ...

  1. TB contact investigations: 12 years of experience in the National TB Programme, Morocco 1993-2004.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ottmani, S; Zignol, M; Bencheikh, N; Laâsri, L; Blanc, L; Mahjour, J

    2009-01-01

    We reviewed data collected from 1993 to 2004 as part of the routine activities of the national tuberculosis (TB) control programme (NTP) in Morocco. More than 1 million household TB contacts were identified in approximately 200,000 investigations. On average, 77% of identified contacts were screened every year; overall prevalence was 2.5%. The proportion of TB cases identified in household contacts of registered cases was 5.6%. This was significantly higher in children under 10 years and in patients registered and diagnosed with symptomatic primary complex. Performing TB contact investigations as part of the routine activities of NTP services is feasible in low-middle-income countries.

  2. EDITORIAL Multi-drug-resistant tuberculosis (MDR-TB): Current ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    high-burden countries for tuberculosis paints a very sobering picture for South Africa. In 2015, with the estimated population of 54 million, the incidence rate for TB (including HIV+TB) was. 834 cases per 100 000. Furthermore, the incidence rate for MDR-. TB was 37 cases per 100 000 and the TB treatment coverage.

  3. The effects of Tb 3 doping concentration on luminescence properties ...

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    This paper is aimed at explaining the effects of Tb3+ concentration on structure and luminescence properties and clarifying the concentration quenching mechanism of Tb3+. The lattice of BaF2 decreases with the increase of Tb3+ ions concentration. The emission spectrum of BaF2:Tb3+ consists of blue emission band and ...

  4. The effects of Tb 3+ doping concentration on luminescence ...

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    Abstract. This paper is aimed at explaining the effects of Tb3+ concentration on structure and luminescence properties and clarifying the concentration quenching mechanism of Tb3+. The lattice of BaF2 decreases with the increase of Tb3+ ions concentration. The emission spectrum of BaF2:Tb3+ consists of blue emission ...

  5. Characterization of Dye-decolorizing Peroxidase (DyP) from Thermomonospora curvata Reveals Unique Catalytic Properties of A-type DyPs.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Chen, Chao; Shrestha, Ruben; Jia, Kaimin; Gao, Philip F; Geisbrecht, Brian V; Bossmann, Stefan H; Shi, Jishu; Li, Ping

    2015-09-18

    Dye-decolorizing peroxidases (DyPs) comprise a new family of heme peroxidases, which has received much attention due to their potential applications in lignin degradation. A new DyP from Thermomonospora curvata (TcDyP) was identified and characterized. Unlike other A-type enzymes, TcDyP is highly active toward a wide range of substrates including model lignin compounds, in which the catalytic efficiency with ABTS (kcat(app)/Km(app) = (1.7 × 10(7)) m(-1) s(-1)) is close to that of fungal DyPs. Stopped-flow spectroscopy was employed to elucidate the transient intermediates as well as the catalytic cycle involving wild-type (wt) and mutant TcDyPs. Although residues Asp(220) and Arg(327) are found necessary for compound I formation, His(312) is proposed to play roles in compound II reduction. Transient kinetics of hydroquinone (HQ) oxidation by wt-TcDyP showed that conversion of the compound II to resting state is a rate-limiting step, which will explain the contradictory observation made with the aspartate mutants of A-type DyPs. Moreover, replacement of His(312) and Arg(327) has significant effects on the oligomerization and redox potential (E°') of the enzyme. Both mutants were found to promote the formation of dimeric state and to shift E°' to a more negative potential. Not only do these results reveal the unique catalytic property of the A-type DyPs, but they will also facilitate the development of these enzymes as lignin degraders. © 2015 by The American Society for Biochemistry and Molecular Biology, Inc.

  6. Characterization of Dye-decolorizing Peroxidase (DyP) from Thermomonospora curvata Reveals Unique Catalytic Properties of A-type DyPs*

    Science.gov (United States)

    Chen, Chao; Shrestha, Ruben; Jia, Kaimin; Gao, Philip F.; Geisbrecht, Brian V.; Bossmann, Stefan H.; Shi, Jishu; Li, Ping

    2015-01-01

    Dye-decolorizing peroxidases (DyPs) comprise a new family of heme peroxidases, which has received much attention due to their potential applications in lignin degradation. A new DyP from Thermomonospora curvata (TcDyP) was identified and characterized. Unlike other A-type enzymes, TcDyP is highly active toward a wide range of substrates including model lignin compounds, in which the catalytic efficiency with ABTS (kcatapp/Kmapp = (1.7 × 107) m−1 s−1) is close to that of fungal DyPs. Stopped-flow spectroscopy was employed to elucidate the transient intermediates as well as the catalytic cycle involving wild-type (wt) and mutant TcDyPs. Although residues Asp220 and Arg327 are found necessary for compound I formation, His312 is proposed to play roles in compound II reduction. Transient kinetics of hydroquinone (HQ) oxidation by wt-TcDyP showed that conversion of the compound II to resting state is a rate-limiting step, which will explain the contradictory observation made with the aspartate mutants of A-type DyPs. Moreover, replacement of His312 and Arg327 has significant effects on the oligomerization and redox potential (E°′) of the enzyme. Both mutants were found to promote the formation of dimeric state and to shift E°′ to a more negative potential. Not only do these results reveal the unique catalytic property of the A-type DyPs, but they will also facilitate the development of these enzymes as lignin degraders. PMID:26205819

  7. White light generation in Dy{sup 3+}-and Ce{sup 3+}/Dy{sup 3+}-doped zinc–sodium–aluminosilicate glasses

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Caldiño, U., E-mail: cald@xanum.uam.mx [Departamento de Física, Universidad Autónoma Metropolitana-Iztapalapa, P.O. Box 55-534, 09340 México, D.F. (Mexico); Lira, A. [Departamento de Física , Facultad de Ciencias, Universidad Autónoma del estado de México, C.P. 50000 Toluca (Mexico); Meza-Rocha, A.N. [Departamento de Física, Universidad Autónoma Metropolitana-Iztapalapa, P.O. Box 55-534, 09340 México, D.F. (Mexico); Pasquini, E. [Istituto di Fisica Applicata Nello Carrara, C.N.R., Via Madonna del Piano 10, Sesto Fiorentino, 50019 Firenze (Italy); Dipartimento di Fisica e Astronomia, Università di Firenze, Via Sansone 1, Sesto Fiorentino, 50019 Firenze (Italy); Pelli, S. [Istituto di Fisica Applicata Nello Carrara, C.N.R., Via Madonna del Piano 10, Sesto Fiorentino, 50019 Firenze (Italy); Speghini, A. [Istituto di Fisica Applicata Nello Carrara, C.N.R., Via Madonna del Piano 10, Sesto Fiorentino, 50019 Firenze (Italy); Dipartimento di Biotecnologie, Università di Verona, and INSTM, UdR Verona, Strada Le Grazie 15, I-37314 Verona (Italy); Bettinelli, M. [Dipartimento di Biotecnologie, Università di Verona, and INSTM, UdR Verona, Strada Le Grazie 15, I-37314 Verona (Italy); Righini, G.C. [Istituto di Fisica Applicata Nello Carrara, C.N.R., Via Madonna del Piano 10, Sesto Fiorentino, 50019 Firenze (Italy); Museo Storico della Fisica e Centro Studi e Ricerche “Enrico Fermi”, Piazza del Viminale 2, 00184 Roma (Italy)

    2015-11-15

    A spectroscopic investigation of 1% Dy{sub 2}O{sub 3}-singly doped and 0.5% Ce{sub 2}O{sub 3}-1.0% Dy{sub 2}O{sub 3}-codoped zinc–sodium–aluminosilicate glasses was performed by analyzing their absorption and photoluminescence spectra, and decay times. Warm white yellow light emission, with (0.419, 0.440) CIE1931 chromaticity coordinates and 3579 K color temperature, is obtained in the Dy{sup 3+}-singly doped glass excited at 399 nm, which fits to the requirements of GaN LEDs. A quantum efficiency of 74% and a very high optical gain (38.7×10{sup −25} cm{sup 2} s) were estimated for the dysprosium {sup 4}F{sub 9/2} level luminescence, which might also make the Dy{sup 3+}-doped glass a promising gain medium for solid state yellow laser pumped by GaN LEDs. In the Ce{sup 3+}/Dy{sup 3+}-codoped glass a radiative energy transfer from Ce{sup 3+} to Dy{sup 3+} is observed upon UV excitation (310–365 nm), with a Ce{sup 3+} to Dy{sup 3+} interaction distance that could be greater than 6–12 Å. The emission color from the codoped glass can be tuned with the excitation wavelength from blue light (0.247, 0.245), upon 310 nm excitation, to cold white light (0.284, 0.300), with a 9052 K color temperature, upon 365 nm excitation. - Highlights: • Zinc–sodium–aluminosilicate (ZN) glasses are optically activated with Dy{sup 3+} (ZNDy). • ZN glasses are optically activated with Ce{sup 3+}/Dy{sup 3+} (ZNCeDy). • Dy{sup 3+} is sensitized by Ce{sup 3+} through a radiative energy transfer. • ZNDy glass can generate 3579 K warm white yellow light emission. • ZNCeDy glass can generate 9052 K cold white light emission.

  8. Spectroscopic properties of Dy3 + doped ZnO for white luminescence applications

    Science.gov (United States)

    Amira, Guesmi; Chaker, Bouzidi; Habib, Elhouichet

    2017-04-01

    Undoped and Dy3 + (0.25, 0.5, 0.8 and 1.5 at.%) doped ZnO were elaborated by solid-state reaction method. The ZnO:Dy3 + samples were characterized using X-ray diffraction (XRD), Raman spectroscopy, UV-vis diffuse reflectance spectroscopy and photoluminescence (PL). The XRD analysis confirms the wurtzite structure of ZnO. A slight shift to lower angles, of the (101) peak, is seen with Dy3 + content, indicating the substitution of these ions into the ZnO lattice. Raman study indicates the good crystallinity of all ZnO:Dy3 + samples and confirms the substitution of Zn2 + by Dy3 +. The band gap energy was found to increase then decrease with Dy content. The PL excitation spectra (PLE) of Dy3 + showed six excitation bands with hypersensitive at 346 nm (6H15/2 → 6P7/2). PL spectra show principally three emission bands relatives to 4F9/2 → 6H15/2 (476 nm), 4F9/2 → 6H13/2 (567 nm) and 4F9/2 → 6H11/2 (658 nm) transitions. The concentration dependency of PL intensity indicates a quenching for Dy3 + concentration above 0.5 at.%. The PL lifetime of 4F9/2 metastable state was measured and discussed for all Dy content in ZnO. The temperature dependency of PL intensity is investigated for ZnO:Dy (0.5%) sample and the activation energy is determined. The CIE chromaticity color coordinate shows that ZnO:Dy3 + can be useful for white luminescence applications.

  9. 10-W Ho laser for surgery

    Science.gov (United States)

    Boutchenkov, Vyatcheslav A.; Utenkov, Boris I.; Antipenko, Boris M.; Berezin, Yuri D.; Malinin, Boris G.; Serebryakov, Victor A.

    1991-07-01

    Practical use of laser tecnique surgery demonstrated the true choice of lasers generating in the long wavelength spectrum. In this field the pigment content of biologic tissues is not noted at absorption spectrum. The latter is generally defined by the percentage of water in tissues. Among the known laser types the nost proved and developed are the lasers generating at 1060 nm, 2090 nm, 2900 nm and 10600 nm. Ho-lasers of 2090 nm radiation wavelength are perspective instruments for surgery purposes due to the high radiation absorption at biologic tissues: 30 cm-1. This value is much higher than the absoptance at 1060 nm and a little bit lower at 1060 nni. An important feature that distinguishes Ho-laser among other types is the possibility of its use with fiber channel made of fused silica for abdominal operations.

  10. TB incidence in an adolescent cohort in South Africa.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Hassan Mahomed

    Full Text Available BACKGROUND: Tuberculosis (TB is a major public health problem globally. Little is known about TB incidence in adolescents who are a proposed target group for new TB vaccines. We conducted a study to determine the TB incidence rates and risk factors for TB disease in a cohort of school-going adolescents in a high TB burden area in South Africa. METHODS: We recruited adolescents aged 12 to 18 years from high schools in Worcester, South Africa. Demographic and clinical information was collected, a tuberculin skin test (TST performed and blood drawn for a QuantiFERON TB Gold assay at baseline. Screening for TB cases occurred at follow up visits and by surveillance of registers at public sector TB clinics over a period of up to 3.8 years after enrolment. RESULTS: A total of 6,363 adolescents were enrolled (58% of the school population targeted. During follow up, 67 cases of bacteriologically confirmed TB were detected giving an overall incidence rate of 0.45 per 100 person years (95% confidence interval 0.29-0.72. Black or mixed race, maternal education of primary school or less or unknown, a positive baseline QuantiFERON assay and a positive baseline TST were significant predictors of TB disease on adjusted analysis. CONCLUSION: The adolescent TB incidence found in a high burden setting will help TB vaccine developers plan clinical trials in this population. Latent TB infection and low socio-economic status were predictors of TB disease.

  11. Tessellation of SoHO Magnetograms

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    ... flux concentrations in solar and heliospheric observatory (SoHO) magnetograms. The mean absolute flux and size of the concentrations at the considered scale is found to be about 1.7 × 1018Mx and 5.2Mm for both polarities. The form of the flux distribution is characterized by a skewness of 3 = 4.9 and a kurtosis of 4, ...

  12. Tessellation of SoHO Magnetograms

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    tribpo

    trations in solar and heliospheric observatory (SoHO) magnetograms. The mean absolute flux and size of the concentrations at the considered scale is found to be about 1.7 × 1018Mx and 5.2Mm for both polarities. The form of the flux distribution is characterized by a skewness of α3 = 4.9 and a kurtosis of α4, = 42.8. The fall ...

  13. Magnetic properties of ball-milled TbFe2 and TbFe2B

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    Home; Journals; Bulletin of Materials Science; Volume 27; Issue 2. Magnetic properties of ... Amorphous materials; intermetallic compounds; magnetic materials; magnetic properties. Abstract. The magnetic properties of ball-milled TbFe2 and TbFe2B were studied by magnetization measurements. X-ray diffraction studies on ...

  14. Magnetic properties of powders LiTbF4 and TbF3

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Alakshin E.M., Klochkov A.V., Korableva S.L., Kuzmin V.V., Nuzhina D.S., Romanova I.V., Savinkov A.V., Tagirov M.S.

    2016-12-01

    Full Text Available Samples LiTbF4 and TbF3 were synthesized by modified methods of colloidal chemistry. The magnetization of these samples was measured in the external magnetic field at 100 Oe and 1 T and in temperature range 2-300 K. Temperatures of phase transition to the magnetic ordering dipolar ferromagnet state were determined for synthesized samples.

  15. tb diagnostics challenges of tb diagnosis and treatment in south africa

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    2007-06-01

    Jun 1, 2007 ... Director, Desmond Tutu HIV Centre, Institute of Infectious Disease and Molecular Medicine, University of Cape Town ... (5 million) of those identified cases should complete anti-TB treatment.2 Subsequently the millennium development goals of .... diagnosis in paediatric TB but is of limited use in adult.

  16. tb diagnostics challenges of tb diagnosis and treatment in south africa

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    2007-06-01

    Jun 1, 2007 ... It is estimated that 2 billion of the world's population are latently infected with Mycobacterium tuberculosis (Mtb) with a resultant 8 - 9 million cases of active tuberculosis (TB) and 1.6 million deaths annually.1 The tools used for diagnosis of TB have remained largely unchanged since the 1880s when sputum ...

  17. Lifetimes and electromagnetic transition strengths in 155Dy

    Science.gov (United States)

    Petkov, P.; Yavahchova, M. S.; Möller, O.; Dewald, A.; Tonev, D.; Saha, B.; Fitzler, A.; Jessen, K.; Klug, T.; Heinze, S.; Jolie, J.; von Brentano, P.; Goutev, N.; Bazzacco, D.; Ur, C. A.; Farnea, E.; Axiotis, M.; Lunardi, S.; de Angelis, G.; Napoli, D. R.; Marginean, N.; Martinez, T.; Caprio, M. A.

    2013-09-01

    Recoil distance Doppler-shift and Doppler-shift attenuation lifetime measurements were carried out for levels in 155Dy through the coincident detection of γ rays. Twenty-six lifetimes, most of them for the first time, were determined using the differential decay curve method for the analysis of the data. At low and medium spins, particle-plus-triaxial-rotor calculations reveal different quadrupole deformations for the one-quasineutron bands in this transitional nucleus. At high spin, the reduced B(E2) transition probabilities confirm with a better precision the results of a previous study implying decreased collectivity with increasing spin.

  18. Phase Transitions above the Yrast Line in {sup 154}Dy

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Ma, W. C. [Mississippi State University, Mississippi State, Mississippi 39762 (United States); Martin, V. [Analisis Numerico, Facultad de Informatica, Universidad Politecnica de Madrid, E-28660 Madrid, (Spain); Khoo, T. L. [Argonne National Laboratory, Argonne, Illinois 60439 (United States); Lauritsen, T. [Argonne National Laboratory, Argonne, Illinois 60439 (United States); Egido, J. L. [Departamento de Fisica Teorica C-XI, Universidad Autonoma de Madrid, E-28049 Madrid, (Spain); Ahmad, I. [Argonne National Laboratory, Argonne, Illinois 60439 (United States); Bhattacharyya, P. [Purdue University, West Lafayette, Indiana 47907 (United States); Carpenter, M. P. [Argonne National Laboratory, Argonne, Illinois 60439 (United States); Daly, P. J. [Purdue University, West Lafayette, Indiana 47907 (United States); Grabowski, Z. W. [Purdue University, West Lafayette, Indiana 47907 (United States)] (and others)

    2000-06-26

    Spectra of the E2 quasicontinuum {gamma} rays feeding different spin regions of the {sup 154}Dy yrast line have been extracted. These are compared with corresponding theoretical spectra obtained by numerical simulations based on temperature-dependent Hartree-Fock theory, with thermal shape fluctuations. In this manner, different regions of the spin-energy plane can be examined. The results support the predictions of a smeared-out phase transition at high spin above the yrast line. (c) 2000 The American Physical Society.

  19. Basidiomycete DyPs: Genomic diversity, structural-functional aspects, reaction mechanism and environmental significance

    Science.gov (United States)

    Dolores Linde; Francisco J. Ruiz-Dueñas; Elena Fernández-Fueyo; Victor Guallar; Kenneth E. Hammel; Rebecca Pogni; Angel T. Martínez

    2015-01-01

    The first enzyme with dye-decolorizing peroxidase (DyP) activity was described in 1999 from an arthroconidial culture of the fungus Bjerkandera adusta. However, the first DyP sequence had been deposited three years before, as a peroxidase gene from a culture of an unidentified fungus of the family Polyporaceae (probably Irpex lacteus...

  20. Luminescent characteristics of CaSO{sub 4}:Dy films obtained by spray pyrolysis method

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Roman, J., E-mail: holand_jeos@hotmail.com [Centro de Investigacion en Ciencia Aplicada y Tecnologia Avanzada, Legaria-IPN, Av. Legaria 694, Col. Irrigacion, Mexico, D.F. 11500 (Mexico); Rivera, T.; Lozano, I.B. [Centro de Investigacion en Ciencia Aplicada y Tecnologia Avanzada, Legaria-IPN, Av. Legaria 694, Col. Irrigacion, Mexico, D.F. 11500 (Mexico); Sosa, R. [Universidad Autonoma Metropolitana-Iztapalapa, Av. San Rafael Atlixco186, Col. Vicentina, Mexico, D.F., 09340 (Mexico); Alarcon, G. [Centro de Investigacion en Ciencia Aplicada y Tecnologia Avanzada, Legaria-IPN, Av. Legaria 694, Col. Irrigacion, Mexico, D.F. 11500 (Mexico)

    2012-07-15

    The present paper reports the experimental results of dysprosium doped calcium sulphate (CaSO{sub 4}:Dy) films deposited by spray pyrolysis method. CaSO{sub 4}:Dy films were deposited on three different surfaces: glass, aluminum and quartz substrates at temperatures in the range from 450 to 600 Degree-Sign C. Structural and morphological characteristics of CaSO{sub 4}:Dy films were observed. Thermoluminescent characteristics of films were determined by irradiating ultraviolet energy region. Thermoluminescent glow curve of CaSO{sub 4}:Dy films with glass and aluminum substrates showed a peak under environmental irradiation. Both TL response glow shape and intensity of CaSO{sub 4}:Dy films UV irradiated as a function of substrates were studied. - Highlights: Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer We carried out the preparation of calcium sulfate films doped with dysprosium (CaSO{sub 4}:Dy) by spray paralysis method. Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer SEM and EDS techniques were applied to study the surface topography and chemical composition of the CaSO{sub 4}:Dy films. Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer Thermoluminescent characteristics of films were determined by irradiating ultraviolet energy region. Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer The thermoluminescent response of CaSO{sub 4}:Dy films as a function of substrate was analyzed.

  1. Coercivity enhancement in hot deformed Nd2Fe14B-type magnets by doping low-melting RCu alloys (R = Nd, Dy, Nd + Dy)

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lee, Y. I.; Huang, G. Y.; Shih, C. W.; Chang, W. C.; Chang, H. W.; You, J. S.

    2017-10-01

    Magnetic properties of the anisotropic NdFeB magnets prepared by hot pressing followed by die-upsetting NdFeB MQU-F powders doped with low-melting RCu alloy powders were explored, where RCu stands for Nd70Cu30, Dy70Cu30 and (Nd0.5Dy0.5)70Cu30, respectively. In addition, the post-annealing at 600 °C was employed to modify the microstructures and the magnetic properties of the hot deformed magnets. It is found that doping RCu alloy powders is effective in enhancing the coercivity of the hot deformed NdFeB magnets from 15.1 kOe to 16.3-19.5 kOe. For Nd70Cu30-doped magnets, the increment of coercivity is only 1.2 kOe. Meanwhile, Dy70Cu30-doped and (Nd0.5Dy0.5)70Cu30-doped magnets show an almost identical enhancement of coercivity of about 4.4 kOe. Importantly, the latter magnet shows a beneficial effect of reducing the usage of Dy from 1.6 wt% to 0.8 wt%. TEM analysis shows that nonmagnetic Nd, Dy and Cu appear at grain boundary and isolate the magnetic grains, leading to an enhancement of coercivity. Doping lower melting point Dy-lean (Nd0.5Dy0.5)70Cu30 powders into commercial MQU-F powders for making high coercivity hot deformed NdFeB magnets might be a potential and economic way for mass production.

  2. Differential nephron HO-1 expression following glomerular epithelial cell injury.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Datta, Prasun K; Reddy, Sreenivas; Sharma, Mukut; Lianos, Elias A

    2006-01-01

    In proteinuria of glomerular origin there is upregulation of heme-oxygenase (HO), the rate-limiting enzyme of heme degradation, in the nephron in a segment-specific manner. To better characterize this phenomenon, we employed a model of proteinuria resulting from disruption of the glomerular capillary permeability barrier to protein by administration of the glomerular epithelial cell toxin puromycin aminonucleoside (PAN) to rats. In this model, we assessed nephron distribution of the expression of the inducible HO isoform, HO-1, and the role of free radicals in modulating HO-1 expression. Rats were injected with either vehicle (dimethyl sulfoxide) or PAN or the spin trap free radical stabilizer alpha-phenyl-N-tert butyl nitrone (PBN), or with both PAN and PBN. Ten days following the PAN injection, urine protein, creatinine, nitric oxide (NO) and malonyldialdehyde (MDA) were measured. Kidney sections and protein lysates were assessed for changes in HO-1 expression by immunohistochemistry and Western blot analysis. In control animals (DMSO or PBN alone) there was no proteinuria and very weak or absent HO-1 staining in nephron segments. PAN treatment induced proteinuria and increased urine MDA excretion. In these animals, there was a robust HO-1 expression mainly in tubules and in glomerular parietal but not visceral epithelial cells. Unilateral ureteral obstruction to interrupt glomerular filtration in animals treated with PAN abrogated tubular HO-1 expression in the kidney ipsilateral to the obstruction. Administration of PBN to PAN-treated animals reduced proteinuria and MDA excretion while it markedly augmented tubular HO-1 expression. This augmentation was prominent in tubular cells of the inner cortex/outer medulla. These observations indicate that upregulation of nephron HO-1 following disruption of the glomerular permeability barrier occurs at sites downstream of this barrier and is mediated by a filtered HO-1 inducer(s). Scavenging of free radicals potentiates

  3. Design průmyslového planetového mixéru

    OpenAIRE

    Škodová, Nina

    2017-01-01

    Diplomová práce je zaměřena na design průmyslového planetového mixéru o objemu díže 40 litrů. Cílem je vytvoření designu zohledňující ergonomii a konstrukční a technologické požadavky. The diploma thesis is focused on the design of an industrial planetary mixer with a volume of 40 liters. The goal is to create a design that takes account of ergonomics and design and technology requirements. C

  4. Effects of Dy sub lattice dilution on transport and magnetic properties in Dy1-xKxMnO3

    OpenAIRE

    K. Yadagiri; Nithya, R.; Neeraj Shukla; Satya, A. T.

    2017-01-01

    Interaction of multiple oxidation states of manganese ions with rare earth ions in manganites leads to the observation of various magnetic ground states. To understand the effect of average ionic size on electrical conductivity and magnetic ground state properties in Dy1-xKxMnO3 (x=0.0, 0.1, 0.2 & 0.3), we have investigated electron transport as a function of temperature and magnetic properties as a function of temperature, frequency and magnetic field of these compounds. Although mixed valen...

  5. PENGENDALIAN DALAM PENERBITAN IZIN GANGGUAN (HO

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Pebriana Marlinda

    2017-04-01

    Full Text Available Abstrak :            Penelitian tentang pengendalian dalam penerbitan izin gangguan (HO di Kecamatan Margahayu Kabupaten Bandung menjelaskan tentang tahap-tahap pengendalian yang dilakukan oleh aparat Kecamatan Margahayu. Pengendalian dilakukan untuk memastikan agar penerbitan izin gangguan (HO berjalan dengan efektif. Namun, masih ada pelaku usaha yang belum memiliki surat izin gangguan (HO ataupun pelaku usaha yang sudah memiliki surat izin gangguan (HO akan tetapi kegiatan usahanya merugkan orang lain seperti sampah yang berserakan, polusi udara, polusi suara, dan lain-lain.                            Metode penelitian yang digunakan adalah metode penelitian deduktif kualitatif dengan teknik pengumpulan data melalui studi kepustakaan dan studi lapangan yang meliputi observasi dan wawancara mendalam. Adapun penentuan informan dalam penelitian ini dipilih berdasarkan pertimbangan-pertimbangan dengan pihak-pihak yang terkait dalam pengendalian. Kemudian data yang diperoleh dari hasil wawancara dipaparkan dengan langkah-langkah yang meliputi: reduksi data, penyajian data, menarik kesimpulan/verifikasi. Teori yang digunakan penulis dalam penelitian ini adalah teori dari Stephen P. Robbins tentang tahap-tahap pengendalian yaitu: mengukur kinerja aktual, membandingkan kinerja aktual dengan standar, dan mengambil tindakan manajerial.                            Kesimpulan dari hasil penelitian ini adalah pengendalian yang dilakukan olehaparat Kecamatan Margahayu telah melalui tahap-tahap pengendalian yaitu: mengukur kinerja aktual, membandingkan kinerja aktual dengan standar, dan mengambil tindakan manajerial. Namun perlu dilakukan penguatan di setiap tahap pengendalian terutama pada tahap mengukur kinerja aktual dan pada tahap mengambil tindakan manajerial                            Penelitian tentang pengendalian dalam penerbitan izin gangguan (HO di Kecamatan

  6. Mass incarceration can explain population increases in TB and multidrug-resistant TB in European and central Asian countries.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Stuckler, David; Basu, Sanjay; McKee, Martin; King, Lawrence

    2008-09-09

    Several microlevel studies have pinpointed prisons as an important site for tuberculosis (TB) and multidrug-resistant TB in European and central Asian countries. To date, no comparative analyses have examined whether rises in incarceration rates can account for puzzling differences in TB trends among overall populations. Using longitudinal TB and cross-sectional multidrug-resistant TB data for 26 eastern European and central Asian countries, we examined whether and to what degree increases in incarceration account for differences in population TB and multidrug-resistant TB burdens. We find that each percentage point increase in incarceration rates relates to an increased TB incidence of 0.34% (population attributable risk, 95% C.I.: 0.10-0.58%, P incarceration account for a 20.5% increase in TB incidence or nearly three-fifths of the average total increase in TB incidence in the countries studied from 1991 to 2002. Although the number of prisoners is a significant determinant of differences in TB incidence and multidrug-resistant TB prevalence among countries, the rate of prison growth is a larger determinant of these outcomes, and its effect is exacerbated but not confounded by HIV. Differences in incarceration rates are a major determinant of differences in population TB outcomes among eastern European and central Asian countries, and treatment expansion alone does not appear to resolve the effect of mass incarceration on TB incidence.

  7. Comparison of the emission properties of Ho 3+ :KPb 2 Cl 5 and Ho ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    properties of Ho3+ doped low phonon halides (KPb2 Cl 5 ) with those of their fluoride counterparts. Results show 2 5 that mid-IR emission wavelengths that appeared in the halide hosts were effectively quenched in the fluorides. Furthermore, the emission lifetimes of the halides did not vary significantly with temperature, ...

  8. Thermoluminescence properties of Al{sub 2}O{sub 3}:Tb nanoparticles irradiated by gamma rays and 85 MeV C{sup 6+} ion beam

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Salah, Numan, E-mail: nsalah@kau.edu.sa [Center of Nanotechnology, King Abdulaziz University, Jeddah 21589 (Saudi Arabia); Alharbi, Najlaa D. [Sciences Faculty for Girls, King Abdulaziz University, Jeddah 21589 (Saudi Arabia); Habib, Sami S. [Center of Nanotechnology, King Abdulaziz University, Jeddah 21589 (Saudi Arabia); Lochab, S.P. [Inter-University Accelerator Centre, Aruna Asaf Ali Marg, New Delhi 110067 (India)

    2015-11-15

    Carbon ions beam is recently recognized as an ideal cancer treatment modality, because of its excellent local tumor control. These ions have a high relative biological effectiveness resulting from high linear energy transfer (LET) and their sharp Bragg peak. However, the dose of those energetic ions needs to be measured with great precision using a proper dosimeter. Aluminum Oxide (Al{sub 2}O{sub 3}) is a highly luminescent phosphor widely used for radiation dosimetry using thermoluminesence (TL) technique. In this work nanoparticles of this material activated by different elements like Eu, Tb, Dy, Cu and Ag were evaluated for their TL response to gamma rays irradiation. Tb doped sample is found to be the most sensitive sample, which could be selected for exposure to 85 MeV C{sup 6+} ion beam in the fluence range 10{sup 9}–10{sup 13} ions/cm{sup 2}. The obtained result shows that C ion beam irradiated sample has a simple glow curve structure with a prominent glow peak at around 230 °C. This glow curve has a dosimetric peak better than those induced by gamma rays. This glow peak exhibits a linear response in the range 10{sup 9}–10{sup 11} ions/cm{sup 2}, corresponding to the equivalent absorbed doses 0.285–28.5 kGy. The absorbed doses, penetration depths and main energy loss were calculated using TRIM code based on the Monte Carlo simulation. The wide linear response of Al{sub 2}O{sub 3}:Tb nanoparticles along with the low fading makes this low cost nanomaterial a good candidate for C ion beam dosimetry. - Highlights: • Nanoparticles of Al{sub 2}O{sub 3} doped with Eu, Tb, Dy, Cu and Ag were synthesised. • They were evaluated for their TL response to gamma rays and C ion beam irradiation. • Tb doped sample is the most sensitive sample to gamma rays. • Al{sub 2}O{sub 3}:Tb was exposed to 85 MeV C{sup 6+} ion beam in the fluence range 10{sup 9}-10{sup 13} ions/cm{sup 2}. • The glow peak induced by C ions has a linear response in the range 10{sup 9

  9. Study of Dy-doped Bi2Te3: thin film growth and magnetic properties

    Science.gov (United States)

    Harrison, S. E.; Collins-McIntyre, L. J.; Zhang, S.-L.; Baker, A. A.; Figueroa, A. I.; Kellock, A. J.; Pushp, A.; Parkin, S. S. P.; Harris, J. S.; van der Laan, G.; Hesjedal, T.

    2015-06-01

    Breaking the time-reversal symmetry (TRS) in topological insulators (TIs) through ferromagnetic doping is an essential prerequisite for unlocking novel physical phenomena and exploring potential device applications. Here, we report the successful growth of high-quality (DyxBi1-x)2Te3 thin films with Dy concentrations up to x = 0.355 by molecular beam epitaxy. Bulk-sensitive magnetisation studies using superconducting quantum interference device magnetometry find paramagnetic behaviour down to 2 K for the entire doping series. The effective magnetic moment, μeff, is strongly doping concentration-dependent and reduces from ˜12.6 μB Dy-1 for x = 0.023 to ˜4.3 μB Dy-1 for x = 0.355. X-ray absorption spectra and x-ray magnetic circular dichroism (XMCD) at the Dy M4,5 edge are employed to provide a deeper insight into the magnetic nature of the Dy3+-doped films. XMCD, measured in surface-sensitive total-electron-yield detection, gives μeff = 4.2 μB Dy-1. The large measured moments make Dy-doped films interesting TI systems in which the TRS may be broken via the proximity effect due to an adjacent ferromagnetic insulator.

  10. Magnetic Properties of Rare-Earth Aluminoborates RAl3(BO3)4 (R = Th, Er, OR Ho) at High Temperatures

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kuvandikov, O. K.; Leonyuk, N. I.; Shakarov, Kh. O.; Shodiev, Z. M.; Amonov, B. U.

    2016-01-01

    A temperature dependence of the magnetic susceptibility [χ(T)] of rare-earth borates RAl3(BO3)4 (R = Tb, Er, or Ho) is measured by the Faraday method at temperatures in the interval 20-850°C. Nonlinear anomalies caused by structural transitions are observed in the dependences χ-1(T). It is established that the dependences χ-1(T) for each phase obey the linear Curie-Weiss law. The Curie temperatures and the magnetic moments corresponding to the chemical formula of the compounds have been found.

  11. Combination of TB lymphadenitis and metastatic LAP in breast cancer

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Abdolhassan Talaiezadeh

    2015-06-01

    Full Text Available Tuberculosis (TB may present as pulmonary and extra-pulmonary. TB lymphadenitis is the most common presentation of extra-pulmonary TB. TB lymphadenitis should be taken into account in the differential diagnosis of different disorders such as metastatic lymphadenopathy. The reported patient was a 65-year-old lady with breast cancer and conglomerated and matted axillary lymphadenopathy who received chemotherapy. She presented with more extensive axillary LAP contrary to our expectation. Modified radical mastectomy was done and pathology analysis reported TB lymphadenitis associated with metastatic LAP. Under cover of anti-TB therapy adjuvant chemoradiation therapy was started. Accordingly, we recommend TB be ruled out in every patient who needs chemotherapy in the endemic region because chemotherapy may cause the extension of TB in the body.

  12. Tuberculosis: Learn the Signs and Symptoms of TB Disease

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... this? Submit What's this? Submit Button Past Emails Tuberculosis (TB) Disease: Symptoms and Risk Factors Language: English ( ... Español (Spanish) Recommend on Facebook Tweet Share Compartir Tuberculosis (TB) is a disease caused by bacteria that ...

  13. TB in Children in the United States

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... Journal Articles Tuberculosis Laboratory Aggregate Reports Slide Sets Epidemiology of Tuberculosis Among Non-U.S.​–Born Persons in the United ... Facilitator Guide Introduction to TB Genotyping Core Curriculum Epidemiology of Tuberculosis in Correctional Facilities, United States, 1993-2014 Prevention ...

  14. Photoluminescence and energy transfer studies of Dy(3+)-doped fluorophosphate glasses.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Praveena, R; Vijaya, R; Jayasankar, C K

    2008-08-01

    Dy(3+)-doped fluorophosphate glasses with composition (in mol%) (56-x/2)P(2)O(5)+17K(2)O+(15-x/2)BaO+8Al(2)O(3) + 4AlF(3)+ xDy(2)O(3), x=0.01, 0.05, 0.1, 1.0 and 2.0, have been prepared by melt quenching technique. The luminescence spectra and lifetimes of (4)F(9/2) level of Dy(3+) ions in these glasses have been measured using the 457.9 nm line of argon ion laser as an excitation source. The free-ion calculation and Judd-Ofelt analysis have been performed. The room temperature emission spectra corresponding to (4)F(9/2)-->(6)H(J) (J=7/2, 9/2, 11/2, 13/2 and 15/2) transitions of Dy(3+) ions were measured. The fluorescence decay from (4)F(9/2) level have been measured by monitoring the intense (4)F(9/2)-->(6)H(13/2) transition. The lifetime of the decay is obtained by taking the first e-folding times of the decay curves and is found to decrease with increase in Dy(3+) ions concentration due to concentration quenching. The decay curves are found to be perfectly single exponential for samples with low Dy(3+) ion concentration. The non-exponential decay curves observed for higher concentrations are well fitted to the Inokuti-Hirayama model for S=6, which indicates that the energy transfer between the donor and acceptor is of dipole-dipole nature. The energy transfer parameter and donor to acceptor interaction increases with Dy(3+) ions concentration due to increase of energy transfer from Dy(3+) (donor) to unexcited Dy(3+) (acceptor) ions.

  15. EGR-1 regulates Ho-1 expression induced by cigarette smoke

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Chen, Huaqun, E-mail: chenhuaqun@njnu.edu.cn [Jiangsu Key Laboratory for Molecular and Medical Biotechnology, College of Life Sciences, Nanjing Normal University, Nanjing 210029 (China); Wang, Lijuan; Gong, Tao; Yu, Yang; Zhu, Chunhua; Li, Fen; Wang, Li [Jiangsu Key Laboratory for Molecular and Medical Biotechnology, College of Life Sciences, Nanjing Normal University, Nanjing 210029 (China); Li, Chaojun, E-mail: licj@nju.edu.cn [Jiangsu Key Laboratory for Molecular and Medical Biotechnology, College of Life Sciences, Nanjing Normal University, Nanjing 210029 (China); Model Animal Research Center (MARC) and The School of Medicine, Nanjing University, Nanjing 210095 (China)

    2010-05-28

    As an anti-oxidant molecule, heme oxygenase-1 (HO-1) has been implicated in the protection of lung injury by cigarette smoke (CS). The mechanisms regulating its expression have not been defined. In this report, the role of early growth response 1 (EGR-1) in the regulation of Ho-1 expression was investigated. In C57BL/6 mice with CS exposure, HO-1 was greatly increased in bronchial epithelial cells and alveolar inflammatory cells. In primary cultured mouse lung fibroblasts and RAW264.7 cells exposed to cigarette smoke water extract (CSE), an increase in HO-1 protein level was detected. In addition, CSE induced HO-1 expression was decreased in Egr-1 deficient mouse embryo fibroblasts (Egr-1{sup -/-} MEFs). Nuclear localization of EGR-1 was examined in mouse lung fibroblasts after exposure to CSE. Luciferase reporter activity assays showed that the enhancer region of the Ho-1 gene containing a proposed EGR-1 binding site was responsible for the induction of HO-1. A higher increase of alveolar mean linear intercept (Lm) was observed in lung tissues, and a larger increase in the number of total cells and monocytes/macrophages from bronchial alveolar lavage fluid was found in CS-exposed mice by loss of function of EGR-1 treatment. In summary, the present data demonstrate that EGR-1 plays a critical role in HO-1 production induced by CS.

  16. Sewage, Septage and faecal sludge management profile in Ho ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    The paper presents the sewage, septage and faecal sludge management profile in the Ho District of Ghana. The excreta handling facilities available in Ho District are water closet systems, KVIP, pan/bucket latrines and public latrines. About 71 per cent of the population, especially people in the densely populated and low ...

  17. Moessbauer studies of Dy/sub 2/Fesub(17-y)Alsub(y) hydrides

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Zukrowski, J.; Barnasik, A.; Krop, K.; Radwanski, R.; Pszczola, J. (Akademia Gorniczo-Hutnicza, Krakow (Poland)); Suwalski, J.; Kucharski, Z.; Lukasiak, M. (Solid State Physics Department, IBJ, Swierk, Poland)

    1983-12-01

    The X-ray and Moessbauer measurements of both /sup 57/Fe and /sup 161/Dy in Dy/sub 2/Fesub(17-y)Alsub(y) (y = 0, 1.5 and 3) compounds and their hydrides are reported. Hydrogenation slightly increases the lattice parameters. An appreciable increase of the isomer shift and the hyperfine field at /sup 57/Fe nuclei is observed after hydrogenation. The hyperfine field for both the parent compound and its hydride decreases with increasing Al content across the series. Only a small variation of the hyperfine field at /sup 161/Dy nuclei is noticeable after hydrogenation.

  18. Impact of high and zero formaldehyde crosslinkers on the performance of the dyed cotton fabric

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mohsin Muhammad

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available Performance of the colored cotton fabrics dyed with sulphur, vat, direct and reactive dyes was investigated by using two crosslinkers. DMDHEU was used as formaldehyde based crosslinker and BTCA was assessed as a zero formaldehyde alternative. Shade change of the fabrics treated with both crosslinkers was comparable and in acceptable range apart from all sulphur dyes and two reactive dyes. However, shade change of the sulphur dyed fabrics was significantly improved when typical sodium hypophosphite based catalyst for BTCA was replaced with sodium phosphate. In addition, tensile strength and easy care performance of the crosslinker treated dyed fabric was also assessed.

  19. Electroexcitation of rotational vibrations in sup 164 Dy

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Scholtz, F.G.; Nojarov, R.; Faessler, A. (Institut fur Theoretische Physik, Universitat Tubingen, Auf der Morgenstelle 14, D-7400 Tubingen 1, Federal Republic of Germany (DE))

    1989-09-25

    We calculate the {ital M}1 spectrum and the distorted-wave Born-approximation ({ital e},{ital e}{prime}) form factors of the strong {ital K}{sup {pi}}=1{sup +} states in {sup 164}Dy, using a deformed Woods-Saxon potential and the quasiparticle random-phase approximation with quadrupole, spin, and spin-quadrupole interactions. A residual rotation-vibrational coupling ensures the exclusion of the spurious state. We find strongly orbital {ital M}1 states at 3.1 MeV which fit the experimental spectrum very well and exhaust 40% of the collectivity of the 1{sup +} mode. The form factor of the lowest one of these states is also in a good agreement with the experimental form factor.

  20. K2Ho(PO4(WO4

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Katherina V. Terebilenko

    2008-11-01

    Full Text Available A new compound, dipotassium holmium(III phosphate(V tungstate(VI, K2Ho(PO4(WO4, has been obtained during investigation of the K2O–P2O5–WO3–HoF3 phase system using the flux technique. The compound is isotypic with K2Bi(PO4(WO4. Its framework structure consists of flat ∞2[HoPO4] layers parallel to (100 that are made up of ∞1[HoO8] zigzag chains interlinked via slightly distorted PO4 tetrahedra. WO4 tetrahedra are attached above and below these layers, leaving space for the K+ counter-cations. The HoO8, PO4 and WO4 units exhibit 2 symmetry.

  1. Comparison of PPD test in household contacts of smear-positive and -negative tuberculosis (TB

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Zohreh Azarkar

    2015-01-01

    Conclusions: The most important way to prevent TB is omission of the disease transmission sources (TB patients by anti-TB treatment. Extensive studies are needed to ensure that contacts of patients with pulmonary TB are identified and appropriately screened.

  2. Prevalence and management out comes of anti TB drugs induced ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    WHO designed a strategy of treatment under direct observation (DOTS), but most of the anti TB drugs affect the liver and causes drug-induced hepatitis. This side effect was usually observed in St. Peter TB Specialized Hospital and there was a debate weather to discontinue all anti TB drugs so that drug resistance could be ...

  3. TB in HIV Patients: Strengthening Control Measures | Saleh ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    This review, discusses the importance of streghthening different TB control measures both in the community and hos[pital environment to be able to reduce the increases in cases of TB seen in HIV patients and further prevent the emergence of drug resistant TB. Keywords: Human immunodeficiency virus, tuberculosis, ...

  4. Assessment of the Diagnostic Potential of Clinotech TB Screen Test ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    The Clinotech TB Screen test, a 3rd generation multi-antigen rapid chromatographic immunoassay for detection of IgG antibodies in serum against recombinant protein antigens 38kDa, 16kDa and 6kDa, was assessed for its diagnostic potential for diagnosis of active pulmonary TB in routine TB control programme in Abia ...

  5. TB diagnostic process management of patients in a referral hospital in Mozambique in comparison with the 2007 WHO recommendations for the diagnosis of smear-negative pulmonary TB and extrapulmonary TB

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Bos, Jeannet C.; Smalbraak, Lisette; Macome, Augusto C.; Gomes, Ermelinda; van Leth, Frank; Prins, Jan M.

    2013-01-01

    In sub-Saharan African countries, the high proportion of smear-negative pulmonary TB (SNTB) and extrapulmonary TB (EPTB) contributes to a delay in TB diagnosis and treatment. We evaluated the TB diagnostic process of adult patients with presumptive TB in a referral hospital in Mozambique according

  6. Crystal structure of the TbZnSn{sub 2} and TbZnSn ternary compounds

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Pavlyuk, V. [Ivan Franko National University of Lviv, Department of Inorganic Chemistry, Kyryla and Mefodia Street 6, 79005 Lviv (Ukraine); Czestochowa Jan Dlugosz University, Institute of Chemistry and Environmental Protection, al. Armii Krajowej 13/15, 42200 Czestochowa (Poland)], E-mail: pavlyuk@franko.lviv.ua; Oshchapovsky, I. [Ivan Franko National University of Lviv, Department of Inorganic Chemistry, Kyryla and Mefodia Street 6, 79005 Lviv (Ukraine); Marciniak, B. [Czestochowa Jan Dlugosz University, Institute of Chemistry and Environmental Protection, al. Armii Krajowej 13/15, 42200 Czestochowa (Poland)

    2009-05-27

    The crystal structures of the TbZnSn{sub 2} and TbZnSn compounds were determined by X-ray single crystal diffraction. The TbZnSn{sub 2} compound crystallizes with the HfCuSi{sub 2} structure type (space group P4/nmm) and TbZnSn crystallizes with the YPtAs structure type (space group P6{sub 3}/mmc)

  7. Alpha particle spectra in coincidence with normal and superdeformed states in {sup 150}Tb

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Viesti, G.; Lunardon, M.; Bazzacco, D. [dell`Universita, Padova (Italy)]|[INFN, Padova (Italy)] [and others

    1996-12-31

    The study of correlations between particle evaporation from highly excited compound nuclei at large angular momenta and the states in the final evaporation residues (ER) is a field of investigation which has been opened, in the last years, with the advent of the new large {gamma}-ray arrays. It is now possible to correlate the evaporation spectra to various bands with shapes ranging from spherical to superdeformed (SD) in the same final nucleus. It is generally accepted that the particle evaporation from the compound nucleus is chaotic and that only in the near-yrast {gamma} cascade, where the feeding of different classes of states takes place, the ordered motion is restored. The sensitivity of the particle spectra on the feeding of specific states in the residual nuclei can be taken as an indication that additional degrees of freedom might be important in the evaporation process or that particular regions of the phase space open to the decay populate preferentially some selected structures in the final cold nucleus. This latter point is important for the understanding of the feeding mechanism of SD states. Several experiments performed so far did not find a clear dependence of the shapes of the particle spectra on the excited states having different deformations in the ER. For example, the proton spectra in coincidence with transitions in the SD bands of {sup 133}Nd and {sup 152}Dy nuclei were found to be similar to those in coincidence with transitions in the normal deformed (ND) bands. Alpha particles have been proposed since long as a sensitive probe of the deformation of the emitting nucleus. Results are presented here of an experiment in which the authors have measured the energy spectra of alpha particles associated with different classes of states (ND and SD) in the {sup 150}Tb nucleus populated in the reaction {sup 37}Cl({sup 120}Sn, {alpha}3n{gamma}){sup 150}Tb.

  8. Evaluation of TB and HIV services prior to introducing TB-HIV activities in two rural districts in western Kenya

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    van't Hoog, A. H.; Onyango, J.; Agaya, J.; Akeche, G.; Odero, G.; Lodenyo, W.; Marston, B. J.

    2008-01-01

    SETTING: Health facilities providing tuberculosis (TB) treatment in two districts in rural western Kenya with a high TB and human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) burden. OBJECTIVE: To evaluate TB and HIV/acquired immune-deficiency syndrome (AIDS) services at the facilities and identify barriers to

  9. Characteristics and TB treatment outcomes in TB patients with viral hepatitis, New York City, 2000-2010.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bushnell, G; Stennis, N L; Drobnik, A M; Proops, D C; Ahuja, S D; Bornschlegel, K; Fuld, J

    2015-07-01

    Literature surrounding the burden of and factors associated with hepatitis B virus (HBV) and hepatitis C virus (HCV) infection in persons with tuberculosis (TB) disease remains limited and focused on populations outside the USA. Cross-matched New York City (NYC) TB and viral hepatitis surveillance data were used to estimate the proportion of NYC adults diagnosed with TB from 2000 to 2010 with a report of viral hepatitis infection and to describe the impact of viral hepatitis infection on TB treatment completion and death. For 9512 TB patients, HCV infection was reported in 4.2% and HBV infection in 3.7%; TB patients had both HCV and HBV infection. The proportion of TB patients with HCV infection to die before TB treatment completion was larger than in TB patients without a viral hepatitis report (21% vs. 9%); this association remained when stratified by HIV status. There was no significant difference in death before treatment completion for TB patients with HBV infection compared to TB patients without a viral hepatitis report when stratified by HIV status. These findings reinforce the importance of hepatitis testing and providing additional support to TB patients with viral hepatitis infection.

  10. TIME Impact - a new user-friendly tuberculosis (TB) model to inform TB policy decisions.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Houben, R M G J; Lalli, M; Sumner, T; Hamilton, M; Pedrazzoli, D; Bonsu, F; Hippner, P; Pillay, Y; Kimerling, M; Ahmedov, S; Pretorius, C; White, R G

    2016-03-24

    Tuberculosis (TB) is the leading cause of death from infectious disease worldwide, predominantly affecting low- and middle-income countries (LMICs), where resources are limited. As such, countries need to be able to choose the most efficient interventions for their respective setting. Mathematical models can be valuable tools to inform rational policy decisions and improve resource allocation, but are often unavailable or inaccessible for LMICs, particularly in TB. We developed TIME Impact, a user-friendly TB model that enables local capacity building and strengthens country-specific policy discussions to inform support funding applications at the (sub-)national level (e.g. Ministry of Finance) or to international donors (e.g. the Global Fund to Fight AIDS, Tuberculosis and Malaria).TIME Impact is an epidemiological transmission model nested in TIME, a set of TB modelling tools available for free download within the widely-used Spectrum software. The TIME Impact model reflects key aspects of the natural history of TB, with additional structure for HIV/ART, drug resistance, treatment history and age. TIME Impact enables national TB programmes (NTPs) and other TB policymakers to better understand their own TB epidemic, plan their response, apply for funding and evaluate the implementation of the response.The explicit aim of TIME Impact's user-friendly interface is to enable training of local and international TB experts towards independent use. During application of TIME Impact, close involvement of the NTPs and other local partners also builds critical understanding of the modelling methods, assumptions and limitations inherent to modelling. This is essential to generate broad country-level ownership of the modelling data inputs and results. In turn, it stimulates discussions and a review of the current evidence and assumptions, strengthening the decision-making process in general.TIME Impact has been effectively applied in a variety of settings. In South Africa, it

  11. Effects of Dy sub lattice dilution on transport and magnetic properties in Dy1-xKxMnO3

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    K. Yadagiri

    2017-03-01

    Full Text Available Interaction of multiple oxidation states of manganese ions with rare earth ions in manganites leads to the observation of various magnetic ground states. To understand the effect of average ionic size on electrical conductivity and magnetic ground state properties in Dy1-xKxMnO3 (x=0.0, 0.1, 0.2 & 0.3, we have investigated electron transport as a function of temperature and magnetic properties as a function of temperature, frequency and magnetic field of these compounds. Although mixed valent manganese ions can facilitate a double exchange interaction via oxygen ion leading to a ferromagnetic metallic ground state, no insulator-metal transition was detected. On the other hand, in the compounds with x=0.0 to 0.2, transport properties suggested an adiabatic small polaron hopping conduction mechanism. However, x=0.3 compound followed a variable range hopping conduction. Temperature variation of magnetization data exhibited three different types of transitions involving Mn and Dy ions. The bifurcation between zero field cooled and field cooled magnetization data was observed in all the compounds. Field-dependent magnetization of all the compounds showed hysteresis loops for temperatures less than 10 K. Although large irreversibility between zero field cooled and field cooled magnetization data was observed with a peak for x=0.3, the peak temperatures did not alter with frequency ruling out the possibility of spin glass behavior. The presence of hysteresis loops and lack of saturation magnetization implied the simultaneous presence of ferromagnetic and antiferromagnetic exchange interactions well within the antiferromagnetic ordering of Mn ions.

  12. Effects of Dy sub lattice dilution on transport and magnetic properties in Dy1-xKxMnO3

    Science.gov (United States)

    Yadagiri, K.; Nithya, R.; Shukla, Neeraj; Satya, A. T.

    2017-03-01

    Interaction of multiple oxidation states of manganese ions with rare earth ions in manganites leads to the observation of various magnetic ground states. To understand the effect of average ionic size on electrical conductivity and magnetic ground state properties in Dy1-xKxMnO3 (x=0.0, 0.1, 0.2 & 0.3), we have investigated electron transport as a function of temperature and magnetic properties as a function of temperature, frequency and magnetic field of these compounds. Although mixed valent manganese ions can facilitate a double exchange interaction via oxygen ion leading to a ferromagnetic metallic ground state, no insulator-metal transition was detected. On the other hand, in the compounds with x=0.0 to 0.2, transport properties suggested an adiabatic small polaron hopping conduction mechanism. However, x=0.3 compound followed a variable range hopping conduction. Temperature variation of magnetization data exhibited three different types of transitions involving Mn and Dy ions. The bifurcation between zero field cooled and field cooled magnetization data was observed in all the compounds. Field-dependent magnetization of all the compounds showed hysteresis loops for temperatures less than 10 K. Although large irreversibility between zero field cooled and field cooled magnetization data was observed with a peak for x=0.3, the peak temperatures did not alter with frequency ruling out the possibility of spin glass behavior. The presence of hysteresis loops and lack of saturation magnetization implied the simultaneous presence of ferromagnetic and antiferromagnetic exchange interactions well within the antiferromagnetic ordering of Mn ions.

  13. Laccase treatment of recycled blue dyed paper: Physical properties and fiber charge

    Digital Repository Service at National Institute of Oceanography (India)

    Mohandass, C.; Knutson, K.; Ragauskas, A.J.

    Recycled blue colored paper was treated with laccase under various combinations of physical and chemical parameters including enzyme concentration, temperature, oxygen, and reaction time. Laccase treatment of recycled dyed pulp increased acid group...

  14. Dyeing of white and indigo dyed cotton fabrics with Mimosa tenuiflora extract

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Gökhan Erkan

    2014-04-01

    Full Text Available Mimosa tenuiflora extract has been used in food industry as an additive and in textile and leather industry as a colorant. Two types of fabrics, ready to be dyed white and indigo dyed fabrics, were dyed with M. tenuiflora extract. The fabrics were mordanted after dyeing with six different metal salts. Colorimetric evaluations of fabrics were carried out by spectrophotometer. Colour fastness to washing, rubbing and light were performed. Colour strength of fabrics was calculated from Kubelka–Munk formula. Highest vividness (C∗ values were obtained by Ni mordant. Moderate fastness values were observed. However poor wet rubbing fastness values were observed in the case of indigo dyed fabrics due to lack of good wet rubbing fastness of indigo itself.

  15. Thermoluminescent properties of CaSO{sub 4}:Dy prepared by precipitation method

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Roman, J.; Rivera, T. [Centro de Investigacion en Ciencia Aplicada y Tecnologia Avanzada, IPN, Av. Legaria 694, Col. Irrigacion, 11500 Mexico D. F. (Mexico); Azorin, J. [Universidad Autonoma Metropolitana, Unidad Iztapalapa, Av. San Rafael Atlixco 186, Col. Vicentina, 09340 Mexico D. F. (Mexico)], e-mail: holand_jeos@hotmail.com

    2009-10-15

    This paper reports the synthesis and thermoluminescent (Tl) characterization of CaSO{sub 4}:Dy obtained by the precipitation method. Thermoluminescent CaSO{sub 4}:Dy powder and Teflon (PTFE) were mixed in order to obtain samples in pellets form. Samples of CaSO{sub 4}:Dy were exposed to a radiation gamma source of {sup 60}Co and {sup 90}Sr beta particles. Tl response of CaSO{sub 4}:Dy showed a glow curve with two peaks centered at around 164 and 302 C. Tl phosphor showed a good linearity in the range from 0.5 to 30 Gy. Fading of the Tl information was 5.19 % in 37 days and presented a standard deviation of 4% for reproducibility. (Author)

  16. Tailoring of magnetic properties of ultrathin epitaxial Fe films by Dy doping

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Baker, A. A. [Department of Physics, Clarendon Laboratory, University of Oxford, Oxford, OX1 3PU (United Kingdom); Magnetic Spectroscopy Group, Diamond Light Source, Didcot, OX11 0DE (United Kingdom); Figueroa, A. I.; Laan, G. van der [Magnetic Spectroscopy Group, Diamond Light Source, Didcot, OX11 0DE (United Kingdom); Hesjedal, T. [Department of Physics, Clarendon Laboratory, University of Oxford, Oxford, OX1 3PU (United Kingdom)

    2015-07-15

    We report on the controlled modification of relaxation parameters and magnetic moments of epitaxial Fe thin films through Dy doping. Ferromagnetic resonance measurements show that an increase of Dy doping from 0.1% to 5% gives a tripling in Gilbert damping, and more importantly a strongly enhanced anisotropic damping that can be qualitatively understood through the slow-relaxing impurity model. X-ray magnetic circular dichroism measurements show a pronounced suppression of the orbital moment of the Fe with Dy doping, leading to an almost threefold drop in the orbital to spin moment ratio, m{sub l}/m{sub s}. Doping with Dy can therefore be used to control both dynamic and static properties of thin ferromagnetic films for improved performance in spintronics device applications, mediated through the antiferromagnetic interaction of the 4f and 3d states.

  17. Tailoring of magnetic properties of ultrathin epitaxial Fe films by Dy doping

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    A. A. Baker

    2015-07-01

    Full Text Available We report on the controlled modification of relaxation parameters and magnetic moments of epitaxial Fe thin films through Dy doping. Ferromagnetic resonance measurements show that an increase of Dy doping from 0.1% to 5% gives a tripling in Gilbert damping, and more importantly a strongly enhanced anisotropic damping that can be qualitatively understood through the slow-relaxing impurity model. X-ray magnetic circular dichroism measurements show a pronounced suppression of the orbital moment of the Fe with Dy doping, leading to an almost threefold drop in the orbital to spin moment ratio, ml/ms. Doping with Dy can therefore be used to control both dynamic and static properties of thin ferromagnetic films for improved performance in spintronics device applications, mediated through the antiferromagnetic interaction of the 4f and 3d states.

  18. TB-HIV co-infection in Eritrea.

    Science.gov (United States)

    van der Werf, M J; Sebhatu, M; Weldegergis, T; Tesfazion, A; Borgdorff, M W

    2007-07-01

    We assessed the prevalence of tuberculosis (TB) human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) co-infection and identified risk factors for HIV infection in smear-positive TB patients diagnosed by the TB programme in Eritrea. Of 365 notified TB patients, 220 (60.3%) could be traced and provided a blood sample that was tested. Of these, 26 (11.8%, 95%CI 7.6-16.1) were HIV-infected. Risk factors were age, urban residence and schooling level. The data indicate that, starting with the urban areas, it is time for Eritrea to introduce HIV testing of all TB patients.

  19. Ninhydrin-dyed latent fingerprints as a DNA source in a murder case.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Schulz, M M; Wehner, H-D; Reichert, W; Graw, M

    2004-08-01

    In this case report, we describe the possibility of using ninhydrin-dyed fingerprints as a DNA source for STR typing. Preliminary tests prove that ninhydrin-dyed material still can be useful for STR typing. The case material consisted of seven ninhydrin-labeled latent fingerprints found at a murder crime site, which could not be typed in a classical manner. We were able to swap DNA from the ninhydrin-treated areas and successfully use it for STR typing.

  20. First-Order Parametric Model of Reflectance Spectra for Dyed Fabrics

    Science.gov (United States)

    2016-02-19

    Naval Research Laboratory Washington, DC 20375-5320 NRL/MR/5708--16-9666 First-Order Parametric Model of Reflectance Spectra for Dyed Fabrics D...LIMITATION OF ABSTRACT First-Order Parametric Model of Reflectance Spectra for Dyed Fabrics D. Aiken, S. Ramsey, T. Mayo, S.G. Lambrakos, and J. Peak Naval...Unclassified Unlimited 31 Daniel Aiken (202) 279-5293 Parametric modeling Inverse/direct analysis This report describes a first-order parametric model of

  1. Tb drug resistance: is it really a threat to Africa?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Nunn, Paul; Zignol, Matteo; Jaramillo, Ernesto; Wright, Abigail; Getahun, Haileyesus

    2007-10-01

    In most of the world and particularly in Eastern Europe, China and India, drug resistance is increasingly seen as a major threat to tuberculosis (TB) control and even to public health and health security. What about in Africa? The conditions for creation of drug resistance exist in most, if not all, African countries, as a result of underinvestment in basic TB control, poor management of anti-TB drugs and virtual absence of infection control measures. The severity of drug resistance is increasing--following outbreaks all over the world of multi-drug resistant TB (MDR) in the 1990's, extensive drug resistant (XDR) TB has now been found in 37 countries, including South Africa. (MDR is, in essence, resistance to the most powerful first-line drugs, and XDR-TB is TB resistant to the most powerful second-line drugs as well.) Worse still, the impact of XDR-TB is magnified among those with HIV infection, giving rise to a remarkably high mortality, and exposing significant weaknesses in both HIV and TB control. In particular, the lack of laboratories capable of carrying out culture and drug susceptibility testing severely limits the capacity of countries even to detect the problem in Africa. This paper analyses the threat of TB drug resistance to health and to TB control in Africa, and puts forward measures to diminish this threat.

  2. Technology and tuberculosis control: the OUT-TB Web experience.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Guthrie, Jennifer L; Alexander, David C; Marchand-Austin, Alex; Lam, Karen; Whelan, Michael; Lee, Brenda; Furness, Colin; Rea, Elizabeth; Stuart, Rebecca; Lechner, Julia; Varia, Monali; McLean, Jennifer; Jamieson, Frances B

    2017-04-01

    Develop a tool to disseminate integrated laboratory, clinical, and demographic case data necessary for improved contact tracing and outbreak detection of tuberculosis (TB). In 2007, the Public Health Ontario Laboratories implemented a universal genotyping program to monitor the spread of TB strains within Ontario. Ontario Universal Typing of TB (OUT-TB) Web utilizes geographic information system (GIS) technology with a relational database platform, allowing TB control staff to visualize genotyping matches and microbiological data within the context of relevant epidemiological and demographic data. OUT-TB Web is currently available to the 8 health units responsible for >85% of Ontario's TB cases and is a valuable tool for TB case investigation. Users identified key features to implement for application enhancements, including an e-mail alert function, customizable heat maps for visualizing TB and drug-resistant cases, socioeconomic map layers, a dashboard providing TB surveillance metrics, and a feature for animating the geographic spread of strains over time. OUT-TB Web has proven to be an award-winning application and a useful tool. Developed and enhanced using regular user feedback, future versions will include additional data sources, enhanced map and line-list filter capabilities, and development of a mobile app.

  3. Lay beliefs of TB and TB/HIV co-infection in Addis Ababa, Ethiopia: a qualitative study

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Frich Jan C

    2011-08-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background Knowledge about lay beliefs of etiology, transmission and treatment of TB, and lay perceptions of the relationship between TB and HIV is important for understanding patients' health seeking behavior and adherence to treatment. We conducted a study to explore lay beliefs about TB and TB/HIV co-infection in Addis Ababa, Ethiopia. Findings We conducted a qualitative study using in-depth interviews with 15 TB/HIV co-infected patients and 9 health professionals and focus group discussions with 14 co-infected patients in Addis-Ababa, Ethiopia. We found that a predominant lay belief was that TB was caused by exposure to cold. Excessive sun exposure, exposure to mud, smoking, alcohol, khat and inadequate food intake were also reported as causes for TB. Such beliefs initially led to self-treatment. The majority of patients were aware of an association between TB and HIV. Some reported that TB could transform into HIV, while others said that the body could be weakened by HIV and become more susceptible to illnesses such as TB. Some patients classified TB as either HIV-related or non-HIV-related, and weight loss was a hallmark for HIV-related TB. The majority of patients believed that people in the community knew that there was an association between TB and HIV, and some feared that this would predispose them to HIV-related stigma. Conclusion There is a need for culturally sensitive information and educational efforts to address misperceptions about TB and HIV. Health professionals should provide information about causes and treatment of TB and HIV to co-infected patients.

  4. Nuclear spectroscopy of very proton rich nuclei through HI induced reactions; the 14s high spin isomer in /sup 95/Pd

    CERN Document Server

    Nolte, E; Geier, R; Gui, S Z; Heim, U; Hick, H; Komninos, P; Korschinek, G; Kubik, P; Morinaga, H; Schollmeier, W

    1981-01-01

    /sup 40/Ca, /sup 58/Ni and /sup 60/Ni beams from the Munich tandem and the Munich heavy ion postaccelerator have been used to produce very proton rich nuclei in the N=50 N=82 regions. The residual nuclei have been studied with the help of gamma and particle spectroscopy. The level schemes of /sup 95/Rh, /sup 146/Dy and /sup 150/Er and the beta -decay schemes, /sup 95/Pd/sup m/ to /sup 95/Rh, /sup 144/Tb to /sup 144/Gd, /sup 146/Ho to /sup 146/Dy to /sup 146/Tb to /sup 146/Gd, /sup 148/Er to /sup 148/Ho to /sup 148/Dy and /sup 150/Tm to /sup 150/Er to /sup 150/Dy have been investigated. beta delayed proton emission from a J/sup pi / approximately=21/sup +/ isomeric state in /sup 95/Pd has been observed. (12 refs).

  5. Konstrukce nestandardního kola

    OpenAIRE

    Mihálik, Boris

    2012-01-01

    Cieľom tejto bakalárskej práce je návrh a konštrukcia chopper bicykla určeného na propagačné účely. V prvej časti je definovaný chopper bicykel a jeho vhodnosť pre propagačné účely. Druhá časť sa zaoberá koncepciou riešenia a výberom variant riešenia jednotlivých konštrukčných uzlov bicykla. Konečným návrhom konštrukcie ako aj ekonomickým zhodnotením sa zaoberá časť tretia. The aim of this bachelor work is design and construction of chopper bicycle designed for promotional purposes. The fi...

  6. Luminescence studies of Dy{sup 3+} doped bismuth zinc borate glasses

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Shanmugavelu, B.; Kumar, V.V. Ravi Kanth, E-mail: ravi.phy@pondiuni.edu.in

    2014-02-15

    Glasses having composition of (100−x) (1Bi{sub 2}O{sub 3}–1ZnO–1B{sub 2}O{sub 3})-xDy{sub 2}O{sub 3} (where x=0.1, 0.3, 0.5, 1 and 2 mol%) were prepared by melt quenching method and characterized through optical absorption, emission and decay curve measurements. Optical absorption spectra have been analyzed using Judd–Ofelt theory. Asymmetric ratio, the intensity ratio of yellow to blue transitions, has been calculated from the emission spectra to understand the symmetry around the Dy{sup 3+} ions in the glass matrix. The emission spectra have been analyzed in the framework of CIE 1931 chromaticity colour coordinates in order to find out the white light emission characteristics of the glasses. The decay curve measurements exhibit single exponential behaviour up to 1 mol% of Dy{sup 3+} ions whereas non exponential behaviour is observed for 2 mol% of Dy{sup 3+} ions. The non exponential curve has been fitted to the Inokuti–Hirayama model to understand the nature of energy transfer process. -- Highlights: • Luminescence quenching occurs at high concentration of Dy{sup 3+} ion. • The interaction between Dy{sup 3+} ions is of dipole–dipole type. • CIE chromaticity coordinates fall within the white light region.

  7. TB situation in Albania, 2001-2008.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hafizi, H; Tafaj, S; Bardhi, D; Dilko, E; Aliko, A

    2009-01-01

    Albania, population 3.4 million. To describe DOTS (directly observed treatment-short course chemotherapy) implementation, treatment outcomes and epidemiological situation in Albania from 2001 to 2008. DOTS strategy was introduced in 2001 and gradually expanded. A retrospective analysis of treatment outcomes and epidemiological data on TB patients was analyzed for this period. DOTS was expanded to 76% of the country in 2008. Treatment success among new smear-positive patients ranged from 82% in 2001 to 86% in 2007. The incidence of TB in Albania decreased from 17 per 100,000 inhabitants in 2001 to 12/100,000 in 2008 and estimated case detection for smear positive cases improved from 42% in 2001 to 75% in 2007. The TB incidence has fallen progressively since DOTS was initiated. Treatment outcome was better in DOTS areas compared to Non-DOTS areas and overall treatment outcome was improved during DOTS implementation. Despite gradually, DOTS was successfully implemented and full expansion is necessary.

  8. High Field Magnetization of Tb Single Crystals

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Roeland, L. W.; Cock, G. J.; Lindgård, Per-Anker

    1975-01-01

    The magnetization of Tb single crystals was measured in magnetic fields to 34T along the hard direction at temperature of 1.8, 4.2, 65.5 and 77K, and along with easy direction at 4.2 and 77K. The data are compared with the results of a self-consistent spin wave calculation using a phenomenologica...... data on Tb. The conduction-electron polarization at zero field and temperature is (0.33+or-0.05) mu B/ion, and the susceptibility is greater than the Pauli susceptibility calculated from the band-structure.......The magnetization of Tb single crystals was measured in magnetic fields to 34T along the hard direction at temperature of 1.8, 4.2, 65.5 and 77K, and along with easy direction at 4.2 and 77K. The data are compared with the results of a self-consistent spin wave calculation using a phenomenological...... Hamiltonian including isotropic exchange interactions, effective single-ion anisotropy and magnetoelastic contributions. The parameters of this Hamiltonian were determined by fitting the theoretical results for the spin wave dispersion and energy gap as a function of temperature and magnetic field to existing...

  9. High prevalence of TB disease in contacts of adults with extrapulmonary TB.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wingfield, Tom; MacPherson, Peter; Cleary, Paul; Ormerod, L Peter

    2017-11-16

    UK guidelines no longer recommend routine screening of household contacts of adult patients with extrapulmonary TB (EPTB). From 27 March 2012 to 28 June 2016, we investigated the prevalence of active TB disease in household contacts of 1023 EPTB index cases in North West England, and compared estimates with: published new entrant migrant screening programme prevalence (~147/100 000 person-years); London-based contact screening data (700/100 000 contacts screened); and National Institute for Health and Care Excellence (NICE) new entrant TB screening thresholds (TB prevalence >40/100 000 people). Active TB disease prevalence in EPTB contacts was 440/100 000 contacts screened, similar to UK new entrant screening programmes, London EPTB contact prevalence and >10 times NICE's threshold for new entrant screening. The decision to no longer recommend routine screening of EPTB contacts should be re-evaluated and cost-effectiveness analyses of screening strategies for EPTB contacts should be performed. © Article author(s) (or their employer(s) unless otherwise stated in the text of the article) 2017. All rights reserved. No commercial use is permitted unless otherwise expressly granted.

  10. Magnetic properties of HoCoC2, HoNiC2 and their solid solutions

    Science.gov (United States)

    Michor, H.; Steiner, S.; Schumer, A.; Hembara, M.; Levytskyy, V.; Babizhetskyy, V.; Kotur, B.

    2017-11-01

    Magnetic properties of single crystalline HoCoC2 and the evolution of magnetic and structural features in a series of polycrystalline solid solutions HoCo1-xNixC2 (0 ⩽ x ⩽ 1) are investigated by means of X-ray diffraction, magnetization, magnetic susceptibility and specific heat measurements. The crystal structures of all investigated samples refers to the CeNiC2-type structure (space group Amm 2 and Pearson symbol oS8). Non-isoelectronic substitution of Co by Ni causes a non-linear increase of the unit cell volume and especially a non-monotonous variation of the a and c lattice parameters as well as a pronounced reduction of the C-C bond length of carbon dimers. Temperature dependent magnetization and specific heat measurements reveal a crossover from a ferromagnetic for HoCoC2 with TC = 10.6 (1) K to an antiferromagnetic ground state for HoNiC2 with TN = 2.78 (6) K and a non-monotonous variation of the magnetic ordering temperature with a minimum at intermediate compositions. Crystalline electric field effects of HoCoC2 and HoNiC2 are analysed using combined thermodynamic and magnetic susceptibility data. The electrical resistivity of HoNiC2 displays a distinct anomaly near room temperature which indicates the formation of a charge density wave (CDW) state as earlier reported for several other rare earth nickel dicarbides.

  11. Modulating the single-molecule magnet behaviour in phenoxo-O bridged Dy2 systems via subtle structural variations

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wang, Wen-Min; Zhao, Xiao-Yu; Qiao, Hui; Bai, Li; Han, Hong-Fei; Fang, Ming; Wu, Zhi-Lei; Zou, Ji-Yong

    2017-09-01

    In search of simple approaches to rationally modulate the single-molecule magnet behaviour in polynuclear lanthanide compound, a new system containing two structurally closely related dinuclear dysprosium complexes, namely [Dy2(hfac)4L2] (1) and [Dy2(hfac)4L‧2] (2) (hfac = hexafluoroacetylacetonate, HL = 2-[4-methylaniline-imino]methyl]-8-hydroxyquinoline and HL' = 2-[(3,4-dimethylaniline)-imino]methyl]-8-hydroxyquinoline), are successfully synthesized and the structure-dependent magnetic properties are investigated. The two Dy2 compounds display only slight variations in the coordination geometries of the center Dy(III) ion but display remarkably different single-molecule magnet behaviors with the anisotropic barriers (ΔE/kB) of 9.91 K for 1 and 20.57 K for 2. The different magnetic relaxation behaviors of the two Dy2 complexes mainly originate from the different chemical environments of the central DyIII ions.

  12. The Extent of Tissue Damage in the Epidural Space by Ho / YAG Laser During Epiduroscopic Laser Neural Decompression.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Jo, Daehyun; Lee, Dong Joo

    2016-01-01

    Lasers have recently become very useful for epiduroscopy. As the use of lasers increases, the potential for unwanted complications with direct application of laser energy to nerve tissue has also increased. Even using the lowest laser power to test for nerve stimulation, there are still risks of laser ablation. However, there are no studies investigating tissue damage from laser procedures in the epidural space. This is a study on the risks of Ho/YAG laser usage during epiduroscopy. Observatory cadaver study. Department of anatomy and clinical research institute at the University Hospital. We used 5 cadavers for this study. After removing the dura and nerve root from the spinal column, laser energy from a Ho/YAG laser was applied directly to the dura and nerve root as well as in the virtual epidural space, which mimicked the conditions of epiduroscopy with the dura folded. Tissue destruction at all laser ablation sites was observed with the naked eye as well as with a microscope. Specimens were collected from each site of laser exposure, fixed in 10% neutral formalin, and dyed with H/E staining. Tissue destruction was observed in all laser ablation sites, regardless of the length of exposure and the power of the laser beam. A cadaver is not exactly the same as a living human because dura characteristics change and tissue damage can be influenced by dura thickness according to the spinal level. Even with low power and short duration, a laser can destroy tissue if the laser beam makes direct contact with the tissue.

  13. Morphotropic Phase Boundaries in Tb1-xDyxFe2 alloys

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bergstrom, Richard, Jr.

    Magnetostrictive alloys, materials that change in dimension under an applied magnetic field, are desired candidates for transducers. Unfortunately, common magnetostrictive metals, alloys, and oxides produce such small strains that they are not a viable option. In the early 1960's rare earths were found to possess extraordinary magnetostriction values at cryogenic temperatures. When alloyed with traditional transition metals they form a Laves phase compound of the form AB2. These Laves phase compounds have shown large magnetostriction values, up to 2500μepsilon in TbFe2. A major drawback to using these materials as transducers is their huge magnetocrystalline anisotropy constants, K1 and K2. However, it was found that TbFe2 and DyFe2 have opposing signs of K1 and K2. A pseudo-binary alloy, Tb1-xDyxFe2 (Terfenol-D) TDFx, was formed to decrease the total magnetocrystalline anisotropy. The anisotropy reached a room temperature minimum for TDF73. It is suspected that this minimum of the anisotropy is accompanied by a morphotropic phase boundary (MPB) at which the crystal structure changes from tetragonal to rhombohedral. Unraveling the nature of the temperature and composition dependence of the magnetic and crystalline properties along this MPB is the primary focus of this thesis. The structure of the TDF alloys was probed through macroscopic and microscopic techniques. The maximum in the DC magnetization at the transition temperature from tetragonal to rhombohedral broadens as the transition temperature is increased. This is attributed to decreasing anisotropy at increased temperature. Synchrotron and neutron powder diffraction are utilized to elucidate the microscopic changes in the structure and magnetism. Neutron powder diffraction results were somewhat inconclusive but were sufficient to produce magnetic moments that were invariant, within experimental error, across the transition region. Synchrotron powder diffraction was used to probe the structure at

  14. [Tuberculosis annual report 2009--series 2. TB in foreigners].

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-04-01

    Statistics on tuberculosis (TB) in foreigners in Japan have been collected since 1998. The number of foreign TB patients increased from 739 in 1998 to 938 in 2009. In contrast, the number of Japanese TB patients decreased during this period. Hence, the proportion of foreigners among TB patients increased from 2.1% in 1998 to 4.0% in 2009, excluding those of unknown nationality. Especially, the proportion of foreigners among TB patients aged 20-29 years increased greatly from 9.1% in 1998 to 25.4% in 2009. Although the number of nationalities was 38, the majority of patients in 2009 were from China (28.4%), the Philippines (23.6%) and Korea (13.8%). The number of foreign TB patients aged 20-29 years was 427, accounting for 45.5% of all foreign TB patients in 2009. Eighty-one percent of foreign TB patients aged 20-29 years had developed TB within 5 years of entering Japan. The equivalent proportions in those aged 30-39 years and 40-49 years were 49% and 29%. Regarding occupation, 37.2% of foreign TB patients aged 20-29 years were students, 27.2% were full-time workers and 11.7% were part-time workers.

  15. Treatment Outcomes of Patients with Multidrug-Resistant Tuberculosis (MDR- TB) Compared with Non-MDR-TB Infections in Peninsular Malaysia.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Elmi, Omar Salad; Hasan, Habsah; Abdullah, Sarimah; Mat Jeab, Mat Zuki; Ba, Zilfalil; Naing, Nyi Nyi

    2016-07-01

    Treating patients with multidrug-resistant tuberculosis (MDR-TB) strains is more complicated, complex, toxic, expensive, than treating patients with susceptible TB strains. This study aims to compare the treatment outcomes and potential factors associated between patients with MDR-TB and non MDR TB infections in peninsular Malaysia. This study was a retrospective cohort study. Data were collected from the medical records of all registered MDR-TB patients and Non-MDR-TB patients at five TB hospitals in peninsular Malaysia from January 2010 to January 2014. A total of 314 subjects were studied, including 105 MDR-TB cases and 209 non-MDR-TB. After TB treatment, 24.8% of the MDR-TB patients and 17.7% of non MDR TB relapsed; 17.1% of the MDR-TB patients and 16.3% of non MDR TB defaulted from TB treatment. A significant difference seen in treatment success rate 17.1% for MDR-TB; 63.1% for non MDR TB (P MDR-TB; 13.2% for non MDR TB. Multivariable analysis showed the potential factors associated with poor treatment outcomes were presence of HIV infection (AOR, 1.09; 95%CI: 1.05, 1.75; P = 0.001) and previous TB treatment (AOR, 4.87; 95%CI: 2.84, 8.38; P = 0.001). This study revealed that the treatment success rate in patients with non MDR TB infection was higher than MDR-TB. Unsuccessful treatment was seen in MDR-TB associated with potential factors such as history of TB treatment, and presence of HIV infection.

  16. Emergence of Chaotic Scattering in Ultracold Er and Dy

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    T. Maier

    2015-11-01

    Full Text Available We show that for ultracold magnetic lanthanide atoms chaotic scattering emerges due to a combination of anisotropic interaction potentials and Zeeman coupling under an external magnetic field. This scattering is studied in a collaborative experimental and theoretical effort for both dysprosium and erbium. We present extensive atom-loss measurements of their dense magnetic Feshbach-resonance spectra, analyze their statistical properties, and compare to predictions from a random-matrix-theory-inspired model. Furthermore, theoretical coupled-channels simulations of the anisotropic molecular Hamiltonian at zero magnetic field show that weakly bound, near threshold diatomic levels form overlapping, uncoupled chaotic series that when combined are randomly distributed. The Zeeman interaction shifts and couples these levels, leading to a Feshbach spectrum of zero-energy bound states with nearest-neighbor spacings that changes from randomly to chaotically distributed for increasing magnetic field. Finally, we show that the extreme temperature sensitivity of a small, but sizable fraction of the resonances in the Dy and Er atom-loss spectra is due to resonant nonzero partial-wave collisions. Our threshold analysis for these resonances indicates a large collision-energy dependence of the three-body recombination rate.

  17. Holmium laser lithotripsy (HoLL) of ureteral calculi

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kuntz, Rainer M.; Lehrich, Karin; Fayad, Amr

    2001-05-01

    The effectiveness and side effects of ureteroscopic HoLL of ureteral stones should be evaluated. In 63 patients (17 female, 46 males) a total of 75 stones of 3-20 mm diameter were treated with ureteroscopic HoLL. 18.7 percent of stones were located in the proximal third, 24.0 percent in the middle third and 57.3 percent in the distal third of the ureter. HoLL was performed with small diameter semirigid and flexible ureteroscopes, 220 or 365 nm flexible laser fibers and a holmium:YAG laser at a power of 5-15 W (0.5-1.0 J, 10- 15 Hz). 47 of 63 patients (74.6 percent) were immediately free of stones, and 8 others (12.6 percent) lost their residual fragments spontaneously within two weeks. Another 2 patients received additional chmolitholysis for uric acid stone fragments, i.e. 90.5 percent of patients were stone free by one sitting of ureterscopic HoLL. Of the remaining 6 patients (9.5 percent) who still had residual calculi 4 weeks after HoLL, 2 asymptomatic patients refused any additional treatment, 2 patients preferred treatment with ESWL, and 2 patients had a successful second HoLL, thereby raising the success rate of ureteroscopic HoLL to 93.7 percent. 2 patients showed contrast medium extravasation on retrograde ureterograms, due to guide wire perforation. No ureteral stricture occurred. In conclusion, transurethral ureteroscopic HoLL proved to be a safe and successful minimal invasive treatment of ureteral calculi.

  18. Enhanced magnetodielectric response in Dy modified NiCr2O4

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mandal, P. R.; Singh, Ripandeep; Das, A.; Sarkar, Tarapada; Nath, T. K.

    2017-06-01

    The chemically synthesized high purity spinel NiCr2-xDyxO4 (x = 0, 0.1) samples have been characterized using magnetic and dielectric measurements in presence of high magnetic field. Crystal and magnetic structure of the samples have been determined by analyzing neutron diffraction data recorded between temperature of 6 K and 300 K. NiCr2O4 crystallizes in tetragonal phase with the space group of I41/amd whereas NiCr1.9Dy0.1O4 crystallizes in the mixed phase of cubic (space group of Fd 3 bar m) and tetragonal phases at room temperature. An additional phase of DyCrO3 with orthorhombic structure has been found in the Dy doped compound. The lattice parameter a increases and the c decreases in tetragonal structure with the substitution of Dy in Cr site. Both the samples show superlattice reflection peak indicating the presence of long range AFM ordering (transverse component) below 40 K. But the saturation magnetization slightly increases after Dy doping. An anomaly observed near Curie temperature in ε‧ (T) of NiCr2O4 and NiCr1.9Dy0.1O4 demonstrates the contribution of coupling between ferroelectricity and ferrimagnetism in the compounds. A linear correlation between the difference in dielectric constant and the field dependent squared magnetization for both the samples has been observed. The spin-spin interactions are most likely responsible for the observed magnetodielectric (MD) effect due to the magnetodielectric hysteresis in both parent and doped samples. Interestingly the MD% is found to increase with Dy doping.

  19. Optimization of metallic magnetic calorimeters with embedded {sup 163}Ho

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Fischer, C.; Enss, C.; Fleischmann, A.; Gastaldo, L.; Hassel, C.; Hengstler, D.; Haehnle, S.; Kempf, S.; Krantz, M.; Wegner, M. [Kirchhoff-Institut fuer Physik, Heidelberg (Germany); Dorrer, H.; Duellmann, C.E.; Eberhardt, K.; Kieck, T.; Schneider, F.; Wendt, K. [Johannes Gutenberg-Universitaet, Mainz (Germany); Johnston, K. [Physics Department CERN, Geneva (Switzerland); Koester, U. [Institut Laue-Langevin, Grenoble (France); Tuerler, A. [Laboratory of Radiochemistry and Environmental Chemistry, Paul Scherrer Institut, Villigen (Switzerland)

    2016-07-01

    The Electron Capture in {sup 163}Ho (ECHo) collaboration plans to reach sub-eV sensitivity on the electron neutrino mass by the analysis of high statistics of {sup 163}Ho electron capture spectra. Large arrays of metallic magnetic calorimeters (MMCs) with enclosed {sup 163}Ho read out using microwave SQUID multiplexing will be used for the measurement of the spectrum. With first prototypes of MMCs having the {sup 163}Ho source ion-implanted in the absorbers, operated at 25 mK, an energy resolution ΔE{sub FWHM}=7.6 eV and a signal rise time τ=130 ns have been achieved, paving the way to the first stage of the experiment (ECHo 1k). We present the optimization of MMCs and of the methods to embed the high purity {sup 163}Ho source in detector absorbers. In particular we discuss how to define the optimal activity per pixel considering the limits coming from the allowed unresolved pileup fraction and from the additional contribution of detector heat capacity related to the magnetic moments of {sup 163}Ho.

  20. Optical properties of Ho3+ ions in lead phosphate glasses

    Science.gov (United States)

    Srinivasa Rao, Ch.; Upendra Kumar, K.; Babu, P.; Jayasankar, C. K.

    2012-12-01

    Ho3+-doped lead phosphate (P2O5 + K2O + Al2O3 + PbO + Na2O + Ho2O3) glasses have been prepared by conventional melt quenching technique. The optical properties have been characterized through absorption, emission and gain spectra and decay rate analysis. A strong dependence of the Ω2 parameter on the hypersensitive transition has been noticed. Using the Judd-Ofelt intensity parameters, various radiative properties like transition probabilities, branching ratios and radiative lifetimes for various emission levels has been evaluated. The radiative lifetime for the 5S2(5F4) fluorescent level and peak stimulated emission cross-section for the 5S2(5F4) → 5I8 transition are found to be 330 μs and 1.43 × 10-20 cm2, respectively. Using the McCumber theory, absorption and emission cross-sections for the 5I7 → 5I8 transition (˜2.0 μm) of the Ho3+ ion have been obtained and gain spectra are also computed as a function of population inversion. The peak stimulated emission cross-section and gain coefficient for Ho3+-doped lead phosphate glasses have been compared with other reported Ho3+:systems. The analysis indicates that these Ho3+:glasses exhibit relatively better properties for application in mid-infrared lasers at a wavelength of about 2.0 μm.

  1. Long-lived K isomer and enhanced γ vibration in the neutron-rich nucleus 172 Dy: Collectivity beyond double midshell

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Watanabe, H.; Zhang, G. X.; Yoshida, K.; Walker, P. M.; Liu, J. J.; Wu, J.; Regan, P. H.; Söderström, P. -A.; Kanaoka, H.; Korkulu, Z.; Lee, P. S.; Nishimura, S.; Yagi, A.; Ahn, D. S.; Alharbi, T.; Baba, H.; Browne, F.; Bruce, A. M.; Carroll, R. J.; Chae, K. Y.; Dombradi, Zs.; Doornenbal, P.; Estrade, A.; Fukuda, N.; Griffin, C.; Ideguchi, E.; Inabe, N.; Isobe, T.; Kanaya, S.; Kojouharov, I.; Kondev, F. G.; Kubo, T.; Kubono, S.; Kurz, N.; Kuti, I.; Lalkovski, S.; Lane, G. J.; Lee, C. S.; Lee, E. J.; Lorusso, G.; Lotay, G.; Moon, C. -B.; Nishizuka, I.; Nita, C. R.; Odahara, A.; Patel, Z.; Phong, V. H.; Podolyák, Zs.; Roberts, O. J.; Sakurai, H.; Schaffner, H.; Shand, C. M.; Shimizu, Y.; Sumikama, T.; Suzuki, H.; Takeda, H.; Terashima, S.; Vajta, Zs.; Valiente-Dóbon, J. J.; Xu, Z. Y.

    2016-09-01

    The level structure of 172Dy has been investigated for the first time by means of decay spectroscopy following in-flight fission of a 238U beam. A long-lived isomeric state with T1/2 = 0.71(5) s and Kπ = 8- has been identified at 1278 keV, which decays to the ground-state and γ -vibrational bands through hindered electromagnetic transitions, as well as to the daughter nucleus 172Ho via allowed β decays. The robust nature of the Kπ = 8- isomer and the ground-state rotational band reveals an axially-symmetric structure for this nucleus. Meanwhile, the γ -vibrational levels have been identified at unusually low excitation energy compared to the neighboring well-deformed nuclei, indicating the significance of the microscopic effect on the non-axial collectivity in this doubly mid-shell region. The underlying mechanism of enhanced γ vibration is discussed in comparison with the deformed Quasiparticle Random-Phase Approximation based on a Skyrme energy-density functional.

  2. Viewpoint TB diagnostics: what does the world really need?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Weyer, Karin; Carai, Susanne; Nunn, Paul

    2011-11-15

    Stagnant tuberculosis (TB) case detection and rising TB drug resistance are in part the result of historically neglected laboratory services, slow technology transfer, and a lack of new TB diagnostic tools. The last decade has, however, seen the diagnostic pipeline grow rapidly, with research and investment prompted by concerns about the global spread of drug resistance and transmission in human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) settings. The drawbacks of conventional microbiological methods for TB diagnosis and resistance detection have largely been overcome by modern molecular technologies; however, the much needed point-of-care TB test will remain elusive if expectations stay unrealistic and research and funding strategies are not changed. Development of new technologies, better use of existing tools, and adequate treatment capacity to care for the increasing numbers of cases that will be diagnosed with scale-up of TB diagnostics all need to be addressed simultaneously.

  3. Luminescent properties in films of ZrO{sub 2}: Dy; Propiedades luminiscentes en peliculas de ZrO{sub 2}: Dy

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Martinez, R. C.; Guzman, J.; Rivera, T.; Ceron, P.; Montes, E.; Guzman, D. [IPN, Centro de Investigacion en Ciencia Aplicada y Tecnologia Avanzada, Unidad Legaria, Av. Legaria No. 694, Col. Irrigacion, 11500 Mexico D. F. (Mexico); Garcia H, M. [UNAM, Instituto de Investigaciones en Materiales, Circuito Exterior, Ciudad Universitaria, 04510 Mexico D. F. (Mexico); Falcony, C. [IPN, Centro de Investigacion y de Estudios Avanzados, Apdo. Postal 14-740, 07000 Mexico D. F. (Mexico); Azorin, J., E-mail: rodmarolm@yahoo.com [Universidad Autonoma Metropolitana, Unidad Iztapala, Av. San Rafael Atlixco 186, 09340 Mexico D. F. (Mexico)

    2014-08-15

    In this work the luminescent characterization of zirconium oxide (ZrO{sub 2}) films impure with dysprosium (Dy{sup +3}) is reported, obtained by means of the ultrasonics spray pyrolysis technique. The films were deposited on glass substrates (Corning), in a temperatures interval of 400 to 550 grades C, using as precursor elements Zirconium oxide chloride octahydrate (ZrOCl{sub 2}·8H{sub 2}O) and Dysprosium tri-chloride (DyCl{sub 3}), dissolved in deionized water, varying the concentration of the contaminated from the 1 to 20 atomic % with relationship to the zirconium in solution. The luminescent characterization was analyzed by means of photoluminescence and thermoluminescence. The photoluminescence results showed a spectrum with three maxima which correspond to the electronic transitions {sup 4}F{sub 9/2} - {sup 6}H{sub 15/2}, {sup 4}F{sub 9/2} - {sup 6}H{sub 13/2} and {sup 4}F{sub 9/2} - {sup 6}H{sub 11/2} characteristics of the Dy{sup 3+} ion. The thermoluminescence (Tl) response when being exposed to a monochrome UV beam in 240 nm showed a wide curve that exhibits a maxim centered in 200 grades C. The Tl response of ZrO{sub 2}:Dy in function of the dose was shown lineal in the interval of 24 mJ/cm{sup 2} to 432 mJ/cm{sup 2}. A study of the repeatability and dissipation of the ZrO{sub 2}:Dy Tl response is included. Considering the shown previous results we can conclude that the ZrO{sub 2} in film form obtained by spray pyrolysis has luminescent properties in 240 nm. (Author)

  4. Determination of rare earths and thorium in apatites by thermal and epithermal neutron-activation analysis.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Brunfelt, A O; Roelandts, I

    1974-06-01

    A procedure is described for the non-destructive determination of Na, Mn, La, Nd, Sm, Eu, Gd, Tb, Dy, Ho, Er, Yb, Lu and Th in apatites by thermal and epithermal neutron-activation of independent portions of the material. The method was applied to three apatites with different contents. The precision obtained was better than +/-5% for La, Ce, Sm, Eu, Gd, Tb and Dy and +/-20% for Yb, Nd, Ho, Er and Lu for an apatite with a total rare-earth oxide content of the order of 1%. Determination of Ce, Tb and Yb could only be carried out with thermal neutron-activation analysis, while Gd, Ho and Er could only be determined after irradiation with epithermal neutrons.

  5. Fixed Dose Combination for TB treatment

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Tjandra Y. Aditama

    2003-06-01

    Full Text Available According to the World Health Organization, a third of the world’s population is infected with tuberculosis. The disease is responsible for nearly 2 million deaths each year and over 8 million were developing active diseases. Moreover, according to WHO (2000, tuberculosis deaths are estimated to increase to 35 million between 2000-2020. The majority of tuberculosis patients worldwide are still treated with single drugs, or with 2-drug fixed-dose combinations (FDCs. To improve tuberculosis treatment, 2- and 3-drug FDCs were recommended by the World Health Organization (WHO as part of the DOTS strategy. Since 1999 a 4-drug FDC was included on the WHO Model List of Essential Drugs. Today, FDCs are important tools to further improve the quality of care for people with TB, and accelerate DOTS expansion to reach the global TB control targets. Fixed dose combination TB drugs could simplifies both treatment and management of drug supply, and may prevent the emergence of drug resistance .Prevention of drug resistance is just one of the potential benefits of the use of FDCs. FDCs simplify administration of drugs by reducing the number of pills a patient takes each day and decreasing the risk of incorrect prescriptions. Most tuberculosis patients need only take 3–4 FDCs tablets per day during the intensive phase of treatment, instead of the 15–16 tablets per day that is common with single-drug formulations It is much simpler to explain to patients that they need to take four tablets of the same type and colour, rather than a mixture of tablets of different shapes, colours and sizes. Also, the chance of taking an incomplete combination of drugs is eliminated, since the four essential drugs are combined into one tablet. FDCs are also simpler for care-givers as they minimize the risk of confusion. Finally, drug procurement, in all its components (stock management, shipping, distribution, is simplified by FDCs. Adverse reactions to drugs are not more

  6. Non-adherence to anti-TB drugs among TB/HIV co-infected patients ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Background: Non-adherence to treatment remains a major obstacle to efficient tuberculosis control in developing countries. The dual infection of Tuberculosis and HIV presents further adherence problems because of high pill burden and adverse effects. This poses a risk of increased multi-drug resistant TB. However, the ...

  7. Chest Radiographs for Pediatric TB Diagnosis: Interrater Agreement and Utility

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    G. Kaguthi

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available The chest radiograph (CXR is considered a key diagnostic tool for pediatric tuberculosis (TB in clinical management and endpoint determination in TB vaccine trials. We set out to compare interrater agreement for TB diagnosis in western Kenya. A pediatric pulmonologist and radiologist (experts, a medical officer (M.O, and four clinical officers (C.Os with basic training in pediatric CXR reading blindly assessed CXRs of infants who were TB suspects in a cohort study. C.Os had access to clinical findings for patient management. Weighted kappa scores summarized interrater agreement on lymphadenopathy and abnormalities consistent with TB. Sensitivity and specificity of raters were determined using microbiologically confirmed TB as the gold standard (n=8. A total of 691 radiographs were reviewed. Agreement on abnormalities consistent with TB was poor; k=0.14 (95% CI: 0.10–0.18 and on lymphadenopathy moderate k=0.26 (95% CI: 0.18–0.36. M.O [75% (95% CI: 34.9%–96.8%] and C.Os [63% (95% CI: 24.5%–91.5%] had high sensitivity for culture confirmed TB. TB vaccine trials utilizing expert agreement on CXR as a nonmicrobiologically confirmed endpoint will have reduced specificity and will underestimate vaccine efficacy. C.Os detected many of the bacteriologically confirmed cases; however, this must be interpreted cautiously as they were unblinded to clinical features.

  8. Výložník kombinovaného skládkového stroje

    OpenAIRE

    Štursa, Martin

    2013-01-01

    Tato diplomová práce se zabývá konstrukcí částí kombinovaného skládkového stroje určeného pro obsluhu skládky hnědého uhlí u uhelné elektrárny. Nejprve jsou nadefinovány základní parametry stroje a silové účinky zatěžující stroj během provozu. Práce dále obsahuje návrh ocelové konstrukce kolesového výložníku, kolesa, korečků, pohonu kolesa, hřídele, ložisek a dalších částí kolesového výložníku. Tyto součásti jsou ověřeny analytickými nebo konečnoprvkovými výpočty. This master’s thesis deal...

  9. Reaction of HO2 with O3 and the effect of water vapor on HO2 kinetics

    Science.gov (United States)

    Demore, W. B.

    1979-01-01

    The effects of temperature and water vapor concentration on the ratio of the rate constant of the reaction HO2 + O3 yields OH + 2(O2) to the square root of the rate constant for the reaction HO2 + HO2 yields H2O2 + O2 are determined. Photolysis of H2-O2-O3 mixtures at 253.7 nm was carried out with H2O pressures in the range 0 to 15 torr at a temperature range of -42.5 to 61 C along with 184.9 nm photolysis of H2O-O2-O3 mixtures. It is shown that the rate of O3 photolysis is suppressed by the addition of water vapor and it is suggested that this effect is realized in the HO2 + HO2 yields H2O2 + O2 reaction. The calculated expression for the temperature dependence of the rate constant ratio is found to be in good agreement with that calculated from separate rate constants. Rate constants determined for the reaction OH + HO2 yields H2O + O2 are found to be higher than those previously determined, presumably due to increased pressure, indicating that atmospheric models should take into account the possible pressure dependences of the reactions considered.

  10. Behaviour of REEs in a tropical estuary and adjacent continental ...

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    The rare earth elements like La, Ce, Pr, Nd, Sm, Eu, Gd, Tb, Dy, Ho, Er, Tm, Yb, Lu and the heavy metals like Mg, V, Cr, Mn, Fe, Cu, Zn, U, Th were analysed by using standard analytical methods. The Post-Archean Australian Shale composition was used to normalise the rare earth elements. It was found that the sediments ...

  11. Lightweight high performance ceramic material

    Science.gov (United States)

    Nunn, Stephen D [Knoxville, TN

    2008-09-02

    A sintered ceramic composition includes at least 50 wt. % boron carbide and at least 0.01 wt. % of at least one element selected from the group consisting of Y, La, Ce, Pr, Nd, Sm, Eu, Gd, Tb, Dy Ho, Er, Tm, Yb, and Lu, the sintered ceramic composition being characterized by a density of at least 90% of theoretical density.

  12. Structural, magnetic and electronic transport studies of RAgSn2 ...

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    Structural, magnetic and electronic transport studies of RAgSn2 compounds (R = Y, Tb, Dy, Ho and Er) with Cu3Au-type. L ROMAKAa, V V ROMAKAb, I LOTOTSKAa, A SZYTULAc, B KUZHELa, A ZARZYCKIc,. E K HLILd,∗ and D FRUCHARTd. aDepartment of Inorganic Chemistry, Ivan Franko Lviv National University, Kyryl ...

  13. Acoustic investigations on PbO–Al2O3–B2O3 glasses doped with ...

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    Abstract. Elastic moduli (, ), Poisson's ratio (), microhardness () and some thermodynamical parameters such as Debye temperature (), diffusion constant (), latent heat of melting ( ) etc of PbO–Al2O3–B2O3 glasses doped with rare earth ions viz. Pr3+, Nd3+, Sm3+, Eu3+, Tb3+, Dy3+, Ho3+, Er3+ and Yb3+, ...

  14. Transferred hyperfine interaction at 295 K between the rare-earth ions and the fluorine and lithium nuclei in lithium rare-earth fluorides

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Hansen, P. E.; Nevald, Rolf

    1977-01-01

    The nuclear-magnetic-resonance rotation spectra for the fluorine and lithium nuclei in LiTbF4, LiDyF4, LiHoF4, and LiErF4 have been obtained at 295 K. They are separated in contributions from the dipole and the transferred hyperfine interactions. In general, the latter consists of an isotropic part...

  15. Growth and optical properties of Dy:Y3Al5O12 crystal

    Science.gov (United States)

    Pan, Yuxin; Zhou, Shidong; Li, Dongzhen; Liu, Bin; Song, Qingsong; Liu, Jian; Liu, Peng; Ding, Yuchong; Wang, Xiaodan; Xu, Xiaodong; Xu, Jun

    2018-02-01

    High optical quality Dy:Y3Al5O12 (Dy:YAG) crystal has been grown by the Czochralski method. Absorption spectra, fluorescence spectra and fluorescence decay curve of Dy:YAG have been recorded at room temperature. The strongest emission of Dy:YAG crystal is near 583 nm, corresponding to the 4F9/2 → 6H13/2 transition. The Judd-Ofelt parameters Ω2, Ω4 and Ω6 were calculated to be 1.49 × 10-20 cm2, 0.94 × 10-20 cm2 and 3.20 × 10-20 cm2, respectively. The radiative transition rates, branching ratios and the emission cross sections were calculated. The fluorescence and radiative lifetimes are 0.40 ms and 1.02 ms, respectively, resulting in a quantum efficiency of 39.2%. The results indicate that the Dy:YAG crystal would be a promising yellow solid state laser material.

  16. [Energy transfer and mid-infrared luminescence properties of Tm3+ /Dy3+ codoped chalcohalide glasses].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zhang, Peng-jun; Dai, Shi-xun; Cao, Ying; Peng, Bo; Xu, Tie-feng; Nie, Qiu-hua; Zhang, Xiang-hua

    2010-09-01

    A series of chalcohalide glasses based on the composition 0.9 (Ge25 Ga5 S70)-0.1CsI doped with the different Tm3+ / Dy3+ ions ratio were synthesized by melt-quenching technique. The absorption spectra, and mid-infrared fluorescence of different glass samples under 800 nm laser excitation were measured. The results prove that, Tm3+ is an efficient sensitizer, which can enhance the Dy3+ : 2.9 microm fluorescence intensity significantly. A decrease in the intensity of 1.8 microm fluorescence and lifetimes of the Tm3+ : (3)F4 level occurred with increasing the concentration of Dy3+ ions from 0 to 1 Wt% where Tm3+ concentration was fixed to 0.5 Wt%. Also a wide spectral overlap between Tm+ : 1.8 microm emission and the absorption of Dy3+ : 6 H(15/2) --> (6)H(11/2) showed that the effective energy transfer between the two rare-earth ions was mainly attributed to the resonance energy from Tm3+: (3)F4 to Dy(3)+ : (6)H(11/2) level.

  17. Luminescence studies on SrMgAl 10O 17:Eu, Dy phosphor crystals

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wanjun, Tang; Donghua, Chen; Ming, Wu

    2009-02-01

    Using urea as fuel, SrMgAl 10O 17:Eu, Dy phosphor was prepared by a combustion method. Its luminescence properties under ultraviolet (UV) excitation were investigated. Pure SrMgAl 10O 17 phase was formed by urea-nitrate solution combustion synthesis at 550 °C. The results indicated that the emission spectra of SrMgAl 10O 17:Eu, Dy has one main peak at 460 nm and one shoulder peak near 516 nm, which are ascribed to two different types of luminescent Eu 2+ centers existing in the SrMgAl 10O 17 matrix crystal. The blue luminescence emission of SrMgAl 10O 17:Eu phosphors was improved under UV excitation by codoping Dy 3+ ions. The SrMgAl 10O 17:Eu phosphors showed green afterglow ( λ=516 nm) when Dy 3+ ions were doped. Dy 3+ ions not only successfully play the role of sensitizer for energy transfer in the system, but also act as trap levels and capture the free holes in the spinel blocks.

  18. Effects of Different Mordants on Silk Fabric Dyed with Onion Outer Skin Extracts

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mohammad Gias Uddin

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available At present, a higher demand is put towards the use of natural dyes due to increased awareness of the environmental and health hazards associated with the synthesis and use of synthetic dyes. This research was conducted using onion outer skins as a potential source of natural plant dyes. In this study, extraction of dye was carried out in aqueous boiling method. Premordanting technique was followed using different mordants, namely alum, ferrous sulphate, tin, tannic acid, tartaric acid, and their combinations on silk fabric. Fabric samples dyed without using any mordant were then compared with the dyed samples pretreated with the mordants. The range of colors developed on dyed materials was evaluated by measuring the color values with respect to K/S values and color coordinates. It was concluded that the color values were found to be influenced by the addition of mordants, and thus different fashion hues were obtained from the same amount of dye extract using different mordants. Ferrous sulphate was found as the most influential mordant. ΔEcmc values between unmordanted (Reference dyed and metallic mordanted fabric samples were found higher than those between unmordanted and nonmetallic mordanted fabric samples. The dyed samples were evaluated for color fastness to washing, light, drycleaning, rubbing, and perspiration. The color fastness properties were found to be satisfactory and improved in many cases. From the fastness results, it was obvious that these dyes can also be applied on silk fabric without using any mordant if required.

  19. Superconductivity and flux pinning in Dy added (Bi, Pb)-2212 superconductor

    Science.gov (United States)

    Biju, A.; Sarun, P. M.; Aloysius, R. P.; Syamaprasad, U.

    2006-10-01

    The changes in phase evolution, structural, superconducting and flux pinning properties of (Bi, Pb)-2212 superconductor due to the addition of the rare earth Dy have been studied. Bulk polycrystalline samples were used for the study in which Dy content was varied from x = 0.0 to 0.5 on a general stoichiometry of Bi1.7Pb0.4Sr2Ca1.1Cu2.1DyxOy. It was found that the Dy atoms enter into the structure, replacing Sr and Ca with significant changes in the lattice parameters, microstructure, hole concentration, normal state resistivity and flux pinning strength of the system. Consequently, the critical temperature (TC), critical current density (JC) and the field dependence of JC (JC-B characteristics) of the Dy added samples were found to be enhanced considerably for optimum doping levels. A maximum TC-onset of 93.4 K (for x = 0.4) and a maximum JC of 692 A cm-2 at 64 K (for x = 0.2) were observed for doped samples, as against 75.8 K and 107 A cm-2, respectively, for the pure sample. The enhancement in the superconducting properties, particularly in the JC-B characteristics, due to Dy addition seems to have great technological significance.

  20. Optical and luminescence properties of Dy3+ doped sodium silicate glass

    Science.gov (United States)

    Srisittipokakun, N.; Kaewkhao, J.

    2017-07-01

    The aim of the present work is to study the optical and luminescence properties of Dy2O3 doped Na2O-BaO-Bi2O3-SiO2 glasses. The Dy3+ ion is chosen as dopant because it emits three visible bands, blue (470-485 nm; 4F9/2→6H15/2), yellow (570-580 nm; 4F9/2→6H13/2) and red (640-655 nm; 4F9/2→6H11/2) luminescence and finds its applications in the fields of laser, white LEDs, telecommunication technology and display devices. NaBaBiSiDy glasses with the compositions of (30-x)SiO2: 10Bi2O3: 30Na2O: 30BaO: xDy2O3 where x=0.0, 0.1, 0.5, 1.0, 1.5 and 2.0 mol% were prepared by melt-quenching technique and characterized by using density, optical absorption photoluminescence (PL) and decay rate measurements as function of different concentrations. The density (ρ), molar volume (VM) and refractive index obtained were found to increase with increase in the concentration of Dy2O3 in the glass matrix. The chromaticity coordinates were calculated from emission spectra and analyzed with CIE color diagram and appear in the white light region under ultraviolet excitation.

  1. Magnetic Properties and Magnetic Phase Diagrams of Trigonal DyNi3Ga9

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ninomiya, Hiroki; Matsumoto, Yuji; Nakamura, Shota; Kono, Yohei; Kittaka, Shunichiro; Sakakibara, Toshiro; Inoue, Katsuya; Ohara, Shigeo

    2017-12-01

    We report the crystal structure, magnetic properties, and magnetic phase diagrams of single crystalline DyNi3Ga9 studied using X-ray diffraction, electrical resistivity, specific heat, and magnetization measurements. DyNi3Ga9 crystallizes in the chiral structure with space group R32. The dysprosium ions, which are responsible for the magnetism in this compound, form a two-dimensional honeycomb structure on a (0001) plane. We show that DyNi3Ga9 exhibits successive phase transitions at TN = 10 K and T'N = 9 K. The former suggests quadrupolar ordering, and the latter is attributed to the antiferromagnetic order. It is considered that DyNi3Ga9 forms the canted-antiferromagnetic structure below T'N owing to a small hysteresis loop of the low-field magnetization curve. We observe the strong easy-plane anisotropy, and the multiple-metamagnetic transitions with magnetization-plateaus under the field applied along the honeycomb plane. For Hallel [2\\bar{1}\\bar{1}0], the plateau-region arises every 1/6 for saturation magnetization. The magnetic phase diagrams of DyNi3Ga9 are determined for the fields along principal-crystal axes.

  2. Magnetic ground state of the Ising-like antiferromagnet DyScO3

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wu, L. S.; Nikitin, S. E.; Frontzek, M.; Kolesnikov, A. I.; Ehlers, G.; Lumsden, M. D.; Shaykhutdinov, K. A.; Guo, E.-J.; Savici, A. T.; Gai, Z.; Sefat, A. S.; Podlesnyak, A.

    2017-10-01

    We report on the low-temperature magnetic properties of the DyScO3 perovskite, which were characterized by means of single crystal and powder neutron scattering, and by magnetization measurements. Below TN=3.15 K, Dy3 + moments form an antiferromagnetic structure with an easy axis of magnetization lying in the a b plane. The magnetic moments are inclined at an angle of ˜±28∘ to the b axis. We show that the ground-state Kramers doublet of Dy3 + is made up of primarily |±15 /2 〉 eigenvectors and well separated by a crystal field from the first excited state at E1=24.9 meV. This leads to an extreme Ising single-ion anisotropy, M⊥/M∥˜0.05 . The transverse magnetic fluctuations, which are proportional to M⊥2/M∥2 , are suppressed, and only moment fluctuations along the local Ising direction are allowed. We also found that the Dy-Dy dipolar interactions along the crystallographic c axis are two to four times larger than in-plane interactions.

  3. Deficiency of merosin in dystrophic dy mouse homologue of congenital muscular dystrophy

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Sunada, Y.; Campbell, K.P. [Univ. of Iowa, Iowa City, IA (United States); Bernier, S.M. [and others

    1994-09-01

    Merosin (laminin M chain) is the predominant laminin isoform in the basal lamina of striated muscle and peripheral nerve and is a native ligand for {alpha}-dystroglycan, a novel laminin receptor. Merosin is linked to the subsarcolemmal actin cytoskeleton via the dystrophin-glycoprotein complex (DGC), which plays an important role for maintenance of normal muscle function. We have mapped the mouse merosin gene, Lamm, to the region containing the dystrophia muscularis (dy) locus on chromosome 10. This suggested the possibility that a mutation in the merosin gene could be responsible for the dy mouse, an animal model for autosomal recessive muscular dystrophy, and prompted us to test this hypothesis. We analyzed the status of merosin expression in dy mouse by immunofluorescence and immunoblotting. In dy mouse skeletal and cardiac muscle and peripheral nerve, merosin was reduced greater than 90% as compared to control mice. However, the expression of laminin B1/B2 chains and collagen type IV was smaller to that in control mice. These findings strongly suggest that merosin deficiency may be the primary defect in the dy mouse. Furthermore, we have identified two patients afflicted with congenital muscular dystrophy with merosin deficiency, providing the basis for future studies of molecular pathogenesis and gene therapy.

  4. Characteristics and programme-defined treatment outcomes among childhood tuberculosis (TB patients under the national TB programme in Delhi.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Srinath Satyanarayana

    Full Text Available BACKGROUND: Childhood tuberculosis (TB patients under India's Revised National TB Control Programme (RNTCP are managed using diagnostic algorithms and directly observed treatment with intermittent thrice-weekly short-course treatment regimens for 6-8 months. The assignment into pre-treatment weight bands leads to drug doses (milligram per kilogram that are lower than current World Health Organization (WHO guidelines for some patients. OBJECTIVES: The main aim of our study was to describe the baseline characteristics and treatment outcomes reported under RNTCP for registered childhood (age <15 years TB patients in Delhi. Additionally, we compared the reported programmatic treatment completion rates between children treated as per WHO recommended anti-TB drug doses with those children treated with anti-TB drug doses below that recommended in WHO guidelines. METHODS: For this cross-sectional retrospective study, we reviewed programme records of all 1089 TB patients aged <15 years registered for TB treatment from January to June, 2008 in 6 randomly selected districts of Delhi. WHO disease classification and treatment outcome definitions are used by RNTCP, and these were extracted as reported in programme records. RESULTS AND CONCLUSIONS: Among 1074 patients with records available, 651 (61% were females, 122 (11% were <5 years of age, 1000 (93% were new cases, and 680 (63% had extra-pulmonary TB (EP-TB--most commonly peripheral lymph node disease [310 (46%]. Among 394 pulmonary TB (PTB cases, 165 (42% were sputum smear-positive. The overall reported treatment completion rate was 95%. Similar reported treatment completion rates were found in all subgroups assessed, including those patients whose drug dosages were lower than that currently recommended by WHO. Further studies are needed to assess the reasons for the low proportion of under-5 years of age TB case notifications, address challenges in reaching all childhood TB patients by RNTCP, the

  5. Development of the web-based Spanish and Catalan versions of the Euroqol 5D-Y (EQ-5D-Y) and comparison of results with the paper version

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    N. Robles (Noemí); L. Rajmil (Luis); D. Rodriguez-Arjona (Dolors); M. Azuara (Marta); F. Codina (Francisco); H. Raat (Hein); U. Ravens-Sieberer (Ulrike); M. Herdman (Michael)

    2015-01-01

    textabstractBackground: The objectives of the study were to develop web-based Spanish and Catalan versions of the EQ-5D-Y, and to compare scores and psychometric properties with the paper version. Methods: Web-based and paper versions of EQ-5D-Y were included in a cross-sectional study in Palafolls

  6. Risk factors for poor treatment outcomes in patients with MDR-TB and XDR-TB in China: retrospective multi-center investigation.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Tang, Shenjie; Tan, Shouyong; Yao, Lan; Li, Fujian; Li, Li; Guo, Xinzhi; Liu, Yidian; Hao, Xiaohui; Li, Yanqiong; Ding, Xiuxiu; Zhang, Zhanjun; Tong, Li; Huang, Jianan

    2013-01-01

    The treatment of patients with MDR- and XDR-TB is usually more complex, toxic and costly and less effective than treatment of other forms of TB. However, there is little information available on risk factors for poor outcomes in patients with MDR- and XDR-TB in China. We retrospectively analyzed the clinical records of HIV-negative TB Patients with culture-proven MDR- or XDR-TB who were registered from July 2006 to June 2011 at five large-scale Tuberculosis Specialized Hospitals in China. Among 1662 HIV-seronegative TB cases which were culture-positive for M. tuberculosis complex and had positive sputum-smear microscopy results, 965 cases (58.1%) were DR-TB, and 586 cases (35.3%) were classified as having MDR-TB, accounting for 60.7% of DR-TB. 169 cases (10.2%) were XDR-TB, accounting for 17.5% of DR-TB, 28.8% of MDR-TB. The MDR-TB patients were divided into XDR-TB group (n=169) and other MDR-TB group (non-XDR MDR-TB) (n=417). In total, 240 patients (40.95%) had treatment success, and 346 (59.05%) had poor treatment outcomes. The treatment success rate in other MDR-TB group was 52.2%, significantly higher than that in the XDR-TB group (13%, PMDR-TB and XDR-TB have poor treatment outcomes in China.The presence of extensive drug resistance, low BMI, hypoalbuminemia, comorbidity, cavitary disease and previous anti-TB treatment are independent prognostic factors for poor outcome in patients with MDR-TB.

  7. Supporting clinical management of the difficult-to-treat TB cases: the ERS-WHO TB Consilium

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Lia D’Ambrosio

    2015-03-01

    The primary objective of the ERS/WHO TB Consilium is to provide clinical consultation for drug-resistant TB and other difficult-to-treat TB cases, including co-infection with HIV and paediatric cases. Through technical guidance to clinicians managing complex TB cases, the main contribution and outcome of the initiative will be a public health response aimed at achieving correct treatment of affected patients and preventing further development of drug resistance. The Consilum's secondary objective is to ensure monitoring and evaluation of clinical practices on the ground (diagnosis, treatment and prevention.

  8. Lanthanide 4f-level location in lanthanide doped and cerium-lanthanide codoped NaLaF4 by photo- and thermoluminescence

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Krumpel, A.H.; Van der Kolk, E.; Zeelenberg, D.; Bos, A.J.J.; Krämer, K.W.; Dorenbos, P.

    2008-01-01

    Photo- and thermoluminescence (TL) spectra of NaLaF4:Ln3+ (Ln = Ce,Pr,Nd,Sm,Eu,Gd,Tb,Dy,Ho,Er,Tm) and NaLaF4:Ce3+, Ln3+ (Ln = Nd,Sm,Ho,Er,Tm) are presented and used together with the empirical Dorenbos model in order to establish the 4f energy level positions of all tri- and divalent lanthanide ions

  9. Pastoralism and delay in diagnosis of TB in Ethiopia.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gele, Abdi A; Bjune, Gunnar; Abebe, Fekadu

    2009-01-07

    Tuberculosis (TB) is a major public health problem in the Horn of Africa with Ethiopia being the most affected where TB cases increase at the rate of 2.6% each year. One of the main contributing factors for this rise is increasing transmission due to large number of untreated patients, serving as reservoirs of the infection within the communities. Reduction of the time between onset of TB symptoms to diagnosis is therefore a prerequisite to bring the TB epidemic under control. The aim of this study was to measure duration of delay among pastoralist TB patients at TB management units in Somali Regional State (SRS) of Ethiopia. A cross sectional study of 226 TB patients with pastoralist identity was conducted in SRS of Ethiopia from June to September 2007. Patients were interviewed using questionnaire based interview. Time between onset of TB symptoms and first visit to a professional health care provider (patient delay), and the time between first visits to the professional health care provider to the date of diagnosis (medical provider's delay) were analyzed. Both pulmonary and extrapulmonary TB patients were included in the study. A total of 226 pastoralist TB patients were included in this study; 93 (41.2%) were nomadic pastoralists and 133 (58.8%) were agro-pastoralists. Median patient delay was found to be 60 days with range of 10-1800 days (83 days for nomadic pastoralists and 57 days for agro-pastoralists). Median health care provider's delay was 6 days and median total delay was 70 days in this study. Patient delay constituted 86% of the total delay. In multivariate logistic regression analysis, nomadic pastoralism (aOR. 2.69, CI 1.47-4.91) and having low biomedical knowledge on TB (aOR. 2.02, CI 1.02-3.98) were significantly associated with prolonged patient delay. However, the only observed risk factor for very long patient delay >120 days was distance to health facility (aOR.4.23, CI 1.32-13.54). Extra-pulmonary TB was the only observed predictor for

  10. Magnetic state controllable critical temperature in epitaxial Ho/Nb bilayers

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Yuanzhou Gu

    2014-04-01

    Full Text Available We study the magnetic properties of Ho thin films with different crystallinity (either epitaxial or non-epitaxial and investigate their proximity effects with Nb thin films. Magnetic measurements show that epitaxial Ho has large anisotropy in two different crystal directions in contrast to non-epitaxial Ho. Transport measurements show that the superconducting transition temperature (Tc of Nb thin films can be significantly suppressed at zero field by epitaxial Ho compared with non-epitaxial Ho. We also demonstrate a direct control over Tc by changing the magnetic states of the epitaxial Ho layer, and attribute the strong proximity effects to exchange interaction.

  11. Observation of room temperature saturated ferroelectric polarization in Dy substituted BiFeO3 ceramics

    KAUST Repository

    Zhang, Shuxia

    2012-04-06

    High quality Bi1− x Dy x FeO3 (0 ≤ x ≤ 0.15) ceramics have been fabricated by sintering Dy-doped BiFeO3 (BFO) precursor powders at a low temperature of 780 °C. The magnetic properties of BFO were improved by the introduction of Dy on the Bi-site. More importantly, well saturated ferroelectric hysteresis loops and polarization switching currents have been observed at room temperature. A large remnant polarization (2P r) value of 62 μC/cm2 is achieved, which is the highest value reported so far for rare-earth-doped BFO ceramics. Moreover, mechanisms for improved multiferroic properties depending on chemical doping-caused structure evolutions have also been discussed.

  12. Influence of Warp Yarn Tension on Cotton Greige and Dyed Woven Fabric Prosperities

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Uzma Syed

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available Fabric properties such as pilling and abrasion resistance and tensile strength vary when greige fabric is processed further. The quality of dyed fabric depends on the quality of greige fabric. Cotton Plain and Twill weave fabrics were woven at three different warp yarn tension and then dyed using monochlorotriazine, Drimerene Red Cl-5B dye gives difference in fabric properties. The ASTM, American International Standards were used to determine the greige and dyed fabric properties. It has been observed fabric woven at proper loom setting or warp yarn tension have high strength, less pilling and abrasion tendency as compared to fabric woven at variant warp yarn tension. Moreover, fabric tenacity is decreased after dyeing whereas, slight difference in pilling and abrasion values is observed after dyeing than that of greige fabric.

  13. Gauging the Auditory Dimensions of Dysarthric Impairment: Reliability and Construct Validity of the Bogenhausen Dysarthria Scales (BoDyS)

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ziegler, Wolfram; Staiger, Anja; Schölderle, Theresa; Vogel, Mathias

    2017-01-01

    Purpose: Standardized clinical assessment of dysarthria is essential for management and research. We present a new, fully standardized dysarthria assessment, the Bogenhausen Dysarthria Scales (BoDyS). The measurement model of the BoDyS is based on auditory evaluations of connected speech using 9 scales (traits) assessed by 4 elicitation methods.…

  14. X-ray induced fluorescence measurement of segregation in a DyI3 Hg metal-halide lamp

    Science.gov (United States)

    Nimalasuriya, T.; Curry, J. J.; Sansonetti, C. J.; Ridderhof, E. J.; Shastri, S. D.; Flikweert, A. J.; Stoffels, W. W.; Haverlag, M.; van der Mullen, J. J. A. M.

    2007-05-01

    Segregation of elemental Dy in a DyI3-Hg metal-halide high-intensity discharge lamp has been observed with x-ray induced fluorescence. Significant radial and axial Dy segregation are seen, with the axial segregation characterized by a Fischer parameter value of λ = 0.215 ± 0.002 mm-1. This is within 7% of the value (λ = 0.20 ± 0.01 mm-1) obtained by Flikweert et al (2005 J. Appl. Phys. 98 073301) based on laser absorption by neutral Dy atoms. Elemental I is seen to exhibit considerably less axial and radial segregation. Some aspects of the observed radial segregation are compatible with a simplified fluid picture describing two main transition regions in the radial coordinate. The first transition occurs in the region where DyI3 molecules are in equilibrium with neutral Dy atoms. The second transition occurs where neutral Dy atoms are in equilibrium with ionized Dy. These measurements are part of a larger study on segregation in metal-halide lamps under a variety of conditions.

  15. Theoretical characterization of the potential energy surface for H + O2 yields HO2(asterisk) yields HO + O. II - The potential for H atom exchange in HO2

    Science.gov (United States)

    Walch, Stephen P.; Rohlfing, Celeste Mcmichael

    1989-01-01

    The results of CASSCF multireference contracted CI calculations with large ANO basis sets are presented for the exchange region of the HO2 potential-energy surface. The saddle point for H atom exchange is about 13 kcal/mol below the energy of H + O2; therefore, this region of the surface should be accessible during H + O2 recombination and methathesis reactions.

  16. Cathodoluminescence and green-thermoluminescence response of CaSO{sub 4}:Dy,P films

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Roman-Lopez, J., E-mail: holand_jeos@hotmail.com [CICATA-IPN, Legaria 694, D.F. 11500, Mexico, CIEMAT, Av., Complutense 22, Madrid 28040 (Spain); Correcher, V. [CIEMAT, Av., Complutense 22, Madrid 28040 (Spain); Garcia-Guinea, J. [Museo Nacional de Ciencias Naturales (CSIC), Jose Gutierrez Abascal 2, Madrid 28006 (Spain); Rivera, T.; Lozano, I.B. [CICATA-IPN, Legaria 694, D.F. 11500 (Mexico)

    2013-03-15

    We herein report on the cathodoluminescence (CL) and green-thermoluminescence (TL) emission of CaSO{sub 4}:Dy,P films deposited by the spray pyrolysis method at different temperatures. The samples have been previously structurally and chemically characterized by means of Raman spectroscopy and energy dispersive spectroscopy (EDS). The CL spectra show (i) a broad emission band centered at 374 nm that corresponds to the intrinsic emission of (SO{sub 4}){sup 2-} and (ii) emission bands centered on 486, 574, 668, 758 nm assigned to the electronic transitions of the Dy{sup 3+} ions. The TL glow curves of the films showed three groups of components peaked at around of 98, 152 and 300 Degree-Sign C that exhibit a gradual and progressively linear shifting of the T{sub max} as function of T{sub stop}. This TL behavior is related to a continuum in the trap distribution associated with general or multi-order kinetics and involving continuous processes of trapping-detrapping. The activation energy in the range of 0.97-1.53 eV has been estimated using the initial rise method. - Highlights: Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer The CaSO{sup 4}:Dy,P films were prepared by using the ultrasonic spray pyrolysis method. Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer Luminescence spectra of the CaSO{sub 4}:Dy,P films display the emission bands of the ions (SO{sub 4}){sup 2-} and Dy{sup 3+}. Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer The CaSO{sub 4}:Dy,P films were irradiated with a {sup 90}Sr/{sup 90}Y beta source. Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer The TL intensity of the films depends on the temperature of deposit.

  17. High-resolution spectroscopy, crystal-field calculations, and quadrupole helix chirality of DyFe3(BO34

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Popova M.N.

    2017-01-01

    Full Text Available High-resolution polarized transmission spectra of DyFe3(BO34 single crystals were investigated in broad spectral (10-23000 cm−1 and temperature (3.5-300 K ranges. Energies of the dysprosium levels in the paramagnetic and antiferromagnetic phases were determined. On the basis of these data and preliminary calculations in the frameworks of the exchange-charge model, we determined the crystal-field and Dy-Fe exchange interaction parameters of the Dy3+ ions at sites with the point C2 symmetry corresponding to the enantiomorphic P3121 and P3221 space groups. The values of electronic quadrupole moments of the Dy3+ ions were calculated, which enabled us to interpret results of the work [Usui et al., Nature Mater. 13, 611 (2014] on the observation of domains of different quadrupole chirality in DyFe3(BO34.

  18. Observations of OH and HO2 radicals in coastal Antarctica

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    S. J.-B. Bauguitte

    2007-08-01

    Full Text Available OH and HO2 radical concentrations have been measured in the boundary layer of coastal Antarctica for a six-week period during the austral summer of 2005. The measurements were performed at the British Antarctic Survey's Halley Research Station (75° 35' S, 26° 19' W, using the technique of on-resonance laser-induced fluorescence to detect OH, with HO2 measured following chemical conversion through addition of NO. The mean radical levels were 3.9×105 molecule cm−3 for OH, and 0.76 ppt for HO2 (ppt denotes parts per trillion, by volume. Typical maximum (local noontime levels were 7.9×105 molecule cm−3 and 1.50 ppt for OH and HO2 respectively. The main sources of HOx were photolysis of O3 and HCHO, with potentially important but uncertain contributions from HONO and higher aldehydes. Of the measured OH sinks, reaction with CO and CH4 dominated, however comparison of the observed OH concentrations with those calculated via the steady state approximation indicated that additional co-reactants were likely to have been present. Elevated levels of NOx resulting from snowpack photochemistry contributed to HOx cycling and enhanced levels of OH, however the halogen oxides IO and BrO dominated the CH3O2 – HO2 – OH conversion in this environment, with associated ozone destruction.

  19. The electron capture in {sup 163}Ho experiment

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Hassel, Clemens [Kirchhoff-Institute for Physics, Heidelberg University (Germany); Collaboration: ECHo-Collaboration

    2015-07-01

    The Electron Capture {sup 163}Ho experiment, ECHo, aims to investigate the electron neutrino mass in the sub-eV range by means of the analysis of the calorimetrically measured energy spectrum following the electron capture process of {sup 163}Ho. The {sup 163}Ho spectrum will be measured with array of low temperature metallic magnetic calorimeters (MMCs). With a first prototype of MMC having the {sup 163}Ho source embedded in the absorber, we performed the first high energy resolution measurement of the EC spectrum. The achieved energy resolution was Δ E{sub FWHM} = 7.6 eV and the signal rise-time was τ = 130 ns. We aim to improve the performance of the detector to reach an energy resolution Δ E{sub FWHM} < 5 eV and a signal rise-time τ < 100 ns. We present the plan for a medium scale experiment, ECHo-1k, in which about 1000 Bq of high purity {sup 163}Ho will be implanted in the optimized detectors. With about one year of measuring time and with a better knowledge of the EC spectral shape, which will be reached thanks to dedicated experiments, we will be able to achieve a sensitivity on the electron neutrino mass below 10 eV/c{sup 2}, improving the present limit of about one order of magnitude.

  20. Impact of insurgency on tuberculosis treatment uptake among TB ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Impact of insurgency on tuberculosis treatment uptake among TB patients in a tertiary health institution in Maiduguri, Northeastern Nigeria. ... recorded during insurgency attacks has a potential of increasing the pool of drug resistant TB that is expensive and difficult to manage, it is also associated with high mortality.

  1. MRI findings in proven Mycobacterium tuberculosis (TB) spondylitis ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    MRI features of proven TB spondylitis in our setting is needed. Materials and methods. Histologically proven cases of TB spondylitis, with MR imaging performed at Universitas Hospital on a 1.5T scanner, were reviewed. Results. Typical findings of vertebral column involvement were seen in all patients, namely multiple ...

  2. Antiretroviral treatment uptake in patients with HIV- associated TB ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Corresponding author: M Nglazi (Mweete.Nglazi@hiv-research.org.za). Background. Delivery of integrated care for patients with HIV-associated TB is challenging. We assessed the uptake and timing of antiretroviral treatment (ART) among eligible patients attending a primary care service with co-located ART and TB clinics.

  3. 46 CFR 30.10-45 - Ocean-TB/O.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... 46 Shipping 1 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Ocean-TB/O. 30.10-45 Section 30.10-45 Shipping COAST GUARD, DEPARTMENT OF HOMELAND SECURITY TANK VESSELS GENERAL PROVISIONS Definitions § 30.10-45 Ocean—TB/O. Under this designation shall be included all tank vessels normally navigating the waters of any ocean or...

  4. HIV/TB CO-INFECTION:THE CHALLENGES

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    2013-12-02

    Dec 2, 2013 ... among HIV-infected patients. Common forms of extrapulmonry involvement include extrathoracic lymph node TB, pleural effusion, meningitis and abdominal TB. In advanced HIV/AIDS, lymph node involvement is characterised by poor granuloma formation with abundant AFB, in a background of neutrophils ...

  5. Rapid assessment of a National Tuberculosis (TB) Control ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    NTP) that provides free treatment for TB patients was conducted at Koforidua in eastern Ghana. In 1997, 540 people were clinically suspected with TB and 148 tested positive by laboratory diagnosis. Likewise in the first quarter of 1998, 223 ...

  6. management of pulmonary tb in nurse-based cape town ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Kurt

    *1996 Census data, adjusted according to Dorrington (Table I derived from: Cape Town Metro Annual Reports on TB program — see 'Further reading'). Table II. Cape Town: Cure rates of new smear-positive TB cases (1997 - 2003). Cure rate. Success rate. Interruption rate. Failure rate. Death rate, all causes. 1997. 65. 74.

  7. Not just pretty pictures: Geographical Information Systems in TB ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Geographical Information Systems (GIS) is becoming a useful tool in disease control by health planners. However little is known about its potential in tuberculosis (TB) control. In 2000 the National TB Programme (NTP) in Malawi assessed its usefulness. Routinely collected case-finding data from the 3 previous years (1997 ...

  8. TB and HIV in children - advances in prevention and management.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Marais, B J; Rabie, H; Cotton, M F

    2011-03-01

    The human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) epidemic has had a major impact on the age and gender profile of adult tuberculosis (TB) patients, resulting in increased exposure of HIV-infected and uninfected children at a very young age. Young and/or HIV-infected children are extremely vulnerable to develop severe forms of TB following recent exposure and infection. There is an urgent need to implement safe and pragmatic strategies to prevent TB in children, especially in TB endemic areas where they suffer the greatest burden of disease. The management of TB in HIV-infected children poses multiple challenges, but recent advances in the implementation of prevention of mother to child transmission (PMTCT) strategies and HIV care of infants offer hope. These include HIV testing and access to PMTCT for all pregnant women, routine testing of all HIV exposed infants and rapid initiation of antiretroviral treatment irrespective of clinical or immunological disease staging. In addition, careful scrutiny for TB exposure should occur at every health care visit, with provision of isoniazid preventive therapy (IPT) following each documented exposure event. Knowing the HIV infection status of child TB suspects is essential to optimize case management. Although multiple difficulties remain, recent advances demonstrate that the management of children with TB and/or HIV can be vastly improved by well focused interventions using readily available resources. 2010 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

  9. Patient satisfaction with TB care clinical consultations in Kampala: a ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    TB clinical care consultations in preparation for new treatment trials among susceptible and potential multi- drug resistant TB patients in Kampala. Methods. Study setting: This was a facility-based cross section- al study nested within a study conducted to understand the epidemiology of tuberculosis in Kampala district,.

  10. Confinement in the management of drug-resistant TB: The ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    In the context of expanding TB and HIV epidemics in South Africa, the decision to enforce non-voluntary admission for XDR TB raises many ethical and human rights dilemmas, principally because it trades off the human rights of individuals against the public good. However, the dichotomy may also involve competing rights ...

  11. Challenges of TB diagnosis and treatment in South Africa | Wood ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    It is estimated that 2 billion of the world\\'s population are latently infected with Mycobacterium tuberculosis (Mtb) with a resultant 8 - 9 million cases of active tuberculosis (TB) and 1.6 million deaths annually.1 The tools used for diagnosis of TB have remained largely unchanged since the 1880s when sputum microscopy, Mtb ...

  12. When students become patients: TB disease among medical ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    about TB-IC has been shown to reduce the odds of a positive TST in medical ... social media (Facebook groups and the TB Proof Facebook page). A lucky-draw .... You have students in the hospital doing the same things that the doctors are ...

  13. 8__Aisha_Detection ofMDR-TB

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    User

    Among the MDR-TB cases rifampicin resistance was associated with rpoB WT gene and rpoB MUT gene in 100% and 62% of the ... diagnosis of TB patients, and proper treatment and management of the infected cases to minimize the spread and ..... in an amino acid change and concluded that this is one of the reasons ...

  14. Ab initio study of double perovskites Ba2DySbO6

    Science.gov (United States)

    Jha, Dhiraj Kumar; Mandal, Golak; Ray, Chandan; Himanshu, A. K.; Singh, B. K.; Kumar, Uday; Choudhary, B. K.

    2016-05-01

    First principle study of the electronic band structure of Ba2DySbO6 synthesied by the solid state reaction technique have been performed within the framework of density function theory using WIEN2K. It has been shown in the absence of electron-electron interaction (U=0), BaDySO6 behaves like a half-metal. Even in the presence of DFT+U, electron-electron interaction via the Hubbard term (from U = 0, 2.72e -7.02eV), it still shows half metals.

  15. Ab initio study of double perovskites Ba{sub 2}DySbO{sub 6}

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Jha, Dhiraj Kumar; Mandal, Golak; Singh, B. K. [Department of Physics, T.M. Bhagalpur University, Bhagalpur, Bihar 812007 (India); Ray, Chandan [Department of Applied Physics & Ballistics, F. M. University, Balasore, Odisha, 756019 (India); Himanshu, A. K., E-mail: akh@vecc.gov.in [Nanostructured & Advanced Material Laboratory, Variable Energy Cyclotron Centre, 1/AF, Bidhannagar, Saltlake, Kolkata-700064 (India); Kumar, Uday [Department of Physical Sciences, IISER Kolkata, Mohanpur Campus, Mohanpur, West Bengal (India); Choudhary, B. K. [Department of Physics, Ranchi University, Jharkhand-834001 (India)

    2016-05-23

    First principle study of the electronic band structure of Ba2DySbO{sub 6} synthesied by the solid state reaction technique have been performed within the framework of density function theory using WIEN2K. It has been shown in the absence of electron-electron interaction (U=0), BaDySO{sub 6} behaves like a half-metal. Even in the presence of DFT+U, electron-electron interaction via the Hubbard term (from U = 0, 2.72e -7.02 eV), it still shows half metals.

  16. Spontaneous magnetostriction in Dy/sub 2/(Fesub(1-x)Cosub(x))/sub 17/ compounds

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Radwanski, R.J.; Figiel, H.; Krop, K. (Akademia Gorniczo-Hutnicza, Krakow (Poland)); Warchol, S. (Institute of Nuclear Research, Warsaw (Poland))

    1982-03-01

    Measurements are reported of the lattice parameters at 100 and 300 K of the Dy/sub 2/(Fesub(1-x)Cosub(x))/sub 17/ compound series. The dependence of the spontaneous magnetostriction on Co concentration was estimated taking into account Vegard's rule and the thermal expansion of Dy/sub 2/Fe/sub 17/. It was shown that these compounds exhibit a larger specific volume in the ferrimagnetic than in the paramagnetic state. The dependence of the spontaneous magnetostriction on the magnetisation was observed to be quadratic.

  17. Colour Changes in Fabrics Dyed with Vegetable Dyes Caused by Daylight and Washing

    OpenAIRE

    福田, 瑛子; 〓谷, 要; フクダ, エイコ; カツラヤ, カナメ; Eiko, FUKUDA; Kaname, KATURAYA

    2006-01-01

    An experiment was conducted on the colour of various samples (cotton, wool, nylon) dyed using vegetable dyes consisting of onion skin and tumeric along with the effects of fibre type and mordants on colour fastness to daylight and colour fastness to washing the results of wich are described below. Although colour fastness to daylight of fabric dyed with vegetable dye differs according to the type of fibre and vegetable dye as well as the mordant used, colour fastness to washing was high for a...

  18. The Characteristics of TB Epidemic and TB/HIV Co-Infection Epidemic: A 2007-2013 Retrospective Study in Urumqi, Xinjiang Province, China.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wei, Wang; Wei-Sheng, Zhang; Ahan, Alayi; Ci, Yan; Wei-Wen, Zhang; Ming-Qin, Cao

    2016-01-01

    This study was aimed to find out epidemiologic characteristic of tuberculosis (TB) cases, and Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV) positive cases among TB patients (TB/HIV co-infection) through demographic, temporal, and spatial study in Urumqi. Descriptive statistics and multivariate logistic regression were applied to identify the epidemiologic characteristics and risk factors of TB epidemic and TB/HIV co-infection epidemic. All addresses of each TB case, TB/HIV co-infection case, and administrative street were transformed into geographical coordinate. Subsequently, the geocoded address for 82 streets was transformed into a dot map used as the basis of spatial datasets. In addition, the paper also used quantile map and the spatial scan statistic in order to identify the spatial distribution and spatial clusters of TB epidemic and TB/HIV co-infection epidemic. There was a declining trend of the notification rates of TB epidemic from 2007 to 2009, as well as a rising trend from 2010 to 2013. However, the notification rates of TB/HIV co-infection epidemic showed a rising trend from 2007 to 2010, and a declining trend from 2011 to 2013. Moreover, a significant share of TB epidemic and TB/HIV co-infection epidemic happened between the age of 15 to 45 years old, indicating an increase in risk of TB and TB/HIV infection. It is worth noting that the risk of HIV infection for male TB patients was 2.947 times (95% CI [2.178, 3.988]) than that of female patients. Han ethnicity and Uygur ethnicity in urban region accounted for a large proportion of total TB and TB/HIV co-infection cases. Most of the TB cases of minorities in Urumqi showed a statistically significant increase in risk of HIV infection than Han ethnicity in Urumqi. In addition, the spatial distribution of TB epidemic and TB/HIV co-infection epidemic was highly skewed. Most of the local clusters were located in urban area and rural-urban continuum where showed an increase in risk of TB and TB/HIV infection. The

  19. The Characteristics of TB Epidemic and TB/HIV Co-Infection Epidemic: A 2007-2013 Retrospective Study in Urumqi, Xinjiang Province, China.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Wang Wei

    Full Text Available This study was aimed to find out epidemiologic characteristic of tuberculosis (TB cases, and Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV positive cases among TB patients (TB/HIV co-infection through demographic, temporal, and spatial study in Urumqi.Descriptive statistics and multivariate logistic regression were applied to identify the epidemiologic characteristics and risk factors of TB epidemic and TB/HIV co-infection epidemic. All addresses of each TB case, TB/HIV co-infection case, and administrative street were transformed into geographical coordinate. Subsequently, the geocoded address for 82 streets was transformed into a dot map used as the basis of spatial datasets. In addition, the paper also used quantile map and the spatial scan statistic in order to identify the spatial distribution and spatial clusters of TB epidemic and TB/HIV co-infection epidemic.There was a declining trend of the notification rates of TB epidemic from 2007 to 2009, as well as a rising trend from 2010 to 2013. However, the notification rates of TB/HIV co-infection epidemic showed a rising trend from 2007 to 2010, and a declining trend from 2011 to 2013. Moreover, a significant share of TB epidemic and TB/HIV co-infection epidemic happened between the age of 15 to 45 years old, indicating an increase in risk of TB and TB/HIV infection. It is worth noting that the risk of HIV infection for male TB patients was 2.947 times (95% CI [2.178, 3.988] than that of female patients. Han ethnicity and Uygur ethnicity in urban region accounted for a large proportion of total TB and TB/HIV co-infection cases. Most of the TB cases of minorities in Urumqi showed a statistically significant increase in risk of HIV infection than Han ethnicity in Urumqi. In addition, the spatial distribution of TB epidemic and TB/HIV co-infection epidemic was highly skewed. Most of the local clusters were located in urban area and rural-urban continuum where showed an increase in risk of TB and TB

  20. Effectiveness and costeffectiveness of screening immigrants schemes for tuberculosis (TB) on arrival from high TB endemic countries to low TB prevalent countries

    National Research Council Canada - National Science Library

    Sanneh, A F N S; Al-Shareef, A M

    2014-01-01

    ...) Screening immigrants at ports of entry referred to as "Port of Arrival Screening" (PoA) and 2) Passive screening (PS) for TB which means screening immigrants through general practices, hospitals, chest-clinics and emergency departments...

  1. Effectiveness and cost effectiveness of screening immigrants schemes for tuberculosis (TB) on arrival from high TB endemic countries to low TB prevalent countries

    National Research Council Canada - National Science Library

    Sanneh, A F N S; Al-Shareef, A M

    2014-01-01

    ...) Screening immigrants at ports of entry referred to as "Port of Arrival Screening" (PoA) and 2) Passive screening (PS) for TB which means screening immigrants through general practices, hospitals, chest-clinics and emergency departments...

  2. Laser induced ultrafast magnetization reversal in TbCo film

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Weiming Cheng

    2017-05-01

    Full Text Available All optical switching is an emerging recording technology by using femtosecond laser to realize ultrafast magnetization manipulation for super-high magnetic storage. TbCo films possess ferrimagnetic structure and large perpendicular anisotropy and thus have the potential to be used as a AOS material. In this paper, we simulate the ultrafast magnetization reversal of TbCo films under 100fs pulse laser with a general theoretical framework and the simulated results show that TbCo films can generate magnetization reversal at the timescale of several ps. Co-sublattice completes demagnetization and subsequently triggers magnetize reversal within 1.0ps, whereas Tb- sublattice begins to magnetize reversal more than 4.0ps. Moreover, large laser power intensity easily induce the complete demagnetization and subsequent magnetization reversal regardless of the composition of TbCo films.

  3. Prevalence of latent TB infection and TB disease among adolescents in high TB burden countries in Africa: a systematic review protocol.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bunyasi, Erick Wekesa; Schmidt, Bey-Marrie; Abdullahi, Leila Hussein; Mulenga, Humphrey; Tameris, Michele; Luabeya, Angelique; Shenje, Justin; Scriba, Thomas; Geldenhuys, Hennie; Wood, Robin; Hatherill, Mark

    2017-03-10

    Almost a third of the world population has latent tuberculosis (TB) infection (LTBI), ∼10 million of whom develop TB disease annually, despite existence of effective, but lengthy, preventive and curative drug regimens. Although adolescents appear to have a very high force of LTBI, their reported incidence of TB disease is less than that of their corresponding general population. The few available studies on adolescent TB infection and disease prevalence are not sufficient to address the apparent discordance between rates of infection and disease in high TB burden countries in Africa. Therefore, we aim to perform a systematic review to examine the relationship between adolescent LTBI and TB disease, benchmarked against national TB disease burden data. A comprehensive literature search will be performed for cross-sectional studies and screening data in cohort studies to determine the prevalence of LTBI and TB disease among adolescents in high TB burden countries in Africa in the following databases: PubMed, Scopus, Cochrane library, Web of Science, Africa Wide, CINAHL and the Africa Index Medicus. This will be supplemented by a search of reference lists of selected articles for potentially relevant articles. We will restrict our search to articles published in the English language between 1990 and 2016 among adolescents in order to obtain estimates reflective of the mature HIV epidemic in most high TB burden countries in Africa that occurred over this critical period. Primary end points are: prevalence of LTBI and TB disease. We will use the random-effects or fixed-effects modelling for our meta-analysis based on heterogeneity estimates. No ethics approval is required given that this is a systematic review. Findings will be disseminated in a peer-reviewed journal in line with the Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic reviews and Meta-Analyses (PRISMA). CRD42015023495. Published by the BMJ Publishing Group Limited. For permission to use (where not already granted

  4. Cross section measurement of the 159Tb(n, γ)Tb160 nuclear reaction

    Science.gov (United States)

    Dzysiuk, N.; Kadenko, I.; Gressier, V.; Koning, A. J.

    2015-04-01

    The cross section of the 159Tb(n, γ)Tb160 reaction was measured in four mono-energetic neutron fields of energy 3.7, 4.3, 5.4, and 6.85 MeV, respectively, with the activation technique applied to metal discs of natural composition. To ensure an acceptable precision of the results all major sources of uncertainties were taken into account. Calculations of detector efficiency, incident neutron spectrum and correction factors were performed with the Monte Carlo code (MCNPX), whereas theoretical excitation functions were calculated with the TALYS-1.2 code and compared to the experimental cross section values. This paper presents both measurements and calculation leading to the cross section values.

  5. Childhood tuberculosis in household contacts of newly diagnosed TB patients.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Srichand Batra

    Full Text Available INTRODUCTION: Childhood tuberculosis (TB, although estimated to account for a major proportion of the global TB disease burden, has a lower public health priority. Reliable research and surveillance data on childhood TB is limited in most regions of the world. This study was conducted to assess the burden of childhood TB among the household contacts of new TB patients in Karachi, Pakistan. METHODS: A retrospective analysis of children (<15 years who were household contacts of new adult TB patients presenting to Marie Adelaide Leprosy Center (MALC clinics in Karachi during the period of 2008 to 2010 was conducted. RESULTS: Of the household children contacts (n = 6613 screened, 317 were suspected and 121(1.8% diagnosed with TB. These included 89 (73.6% with pulmonary and 32 (26.4% with extra-pulmonary disease. Smear positivity rate in pulmonary cases was 32.6%. Mean age of children diagnosed with TB was 11.7 (± 2.8 years. Within the child-contacts screened, disease was found to be significantly higher among females (2.3% in comparison to males (1.2% (p-value <0.01. The commonest relationship of source cases to diagnosed children was the mother (n = 51, 42.1%. The source case was a female for 66.1% (n = 76 of the children. CONCLUSION: A smear positivity rate of 32.6% amongst pulmonary cases suggests their potential to spread disease and emphasizes a need to review the contribution of children in transmission of TB within communities. Greater vulnerability of the female child and considerable role of mother in disease transmission highlights a need to increase focus on females in TB control programs in Pakistan.

  6. A Family of {Cr(III)2Ln(III)2} Butterfly Complexes: Effect of the Lanthanide Ion on the Single-Molecule Magnet Properties.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Langley, Stuart K; Wielechowski, Daniel P; Chilton, Nicholas F; Moubaraki, Boujemaa; Murray, Keith S

    2015-11-02

    We report the synthesis of several heterometallic 3d-4f complexes which result from the replacement of the Dy(III) ions in the [Cr(III)2Dy(III)2(OMe)2(mdea)2(O2CPh)4(NO3)2] single-molecule magnet (SMM) by the trivalent Pr, Nd, Gd, Tb, Ho, and Er lanthanide ions. The parent {Cr2Dy(III)2} compound displayed an anisotropy barrier to magnetization reversal of 53 cm(-1), with magnetic hysteresis observed up to 3.5 K and with large coercive fields at low temperatures (2.7 T at 1.8 K). Magnetic studies for the new complexes revealed significantly different static and dynamic magnetic behavior in comparison to the parent {Cr(III)2Dy(III)2} complex. When Ln(III) = Pr, a complete loss of SMM behavior is found, but when Ln(III) = Nd or Er, frequency-dependent tails in the out-of-phase susceptibility at low temperatures are observed, indicative of slow magnetic relaxation, but with very small anisotropy barriers and fast relaxation times. When Ln(III) = Tb and Ho, SMM behavior is clearly revealed with anisotropy barriers of 44 and 36 cm(-1), respectively. Magnetic hysteresis is also observed up to 2.5 and 1.8 K (0.003 T/s) for the Tb and Ho complexes, respectively. A large loss of the magnetization is, however, observed at zero-field, and as a result, the large coercivity which is present in the {Cr2Dy2} example is lost. The {Cr2Tb2} and {Cr2Ho2} complexes are rare examples of Tb- and Ho-based SMMs which reveal both slow relaxation in the absence of a static dc field (ac susceptibility) and open hysteresis loops above 1.8 K.

  7. Effect of calcinations temperature on the luminescence intensity and fluorescent lifetime of Tb3+-doped hydroxyapatite (Tb-HA) nanocrystallines

    National Research Council Canada - National Science Library

    Hairong Yin; Yanxiao Li; Jianguang Bai; Mingxin Ma; Jing Liu

    2017-01-01

    ...+ ions were observed in emission spectra of 6 mol.% Tb-HA under 378 nm excitation. The luminescent intensity of Tb-HA, which showed the fluorescence quenching, firstly enhanced and then decreased at 700 °C...

  8. Embedding of $^{163}$Ho and $^{166m}$ Ho in the energy absorbers of low temperature metallic magnetic calorimeters

    CERN Multimedia

    The calorimetric measurement of the $^{163}$Ho electron capture spectrum is a promising tool to investigate the electron neutrino mass. A suitable method to embed the source in the detectors is the ion-implantation. This process has already been used to embed $^{163}$Ho ions in micro-fabricated low temperature metallic magnetic prototypes. The $^{163}$Ho electron capture spectrum obtained with these first prototypes is presently the most precise with an energy resolution of $\\Delta$$\\textit{E}$$_{FWHM}$ = 7.6 eV. In order to test the performance of the new generation of low temperature metallic magnetic calorimeters, we propose to perform a $^{163}$Ho ion-implantation on the new chip having two arrays consisting of 32 pixels each. An activity of about 1 Bq per pixel is required. With this new detector array we will be able to achieve a better energy resolution and to acquire a higher statistics which allows for studying the $^{163}$Ho spectral shape. We propose also to perform an ion-implantation of $^{166m}$...

  9. Consumer Acceptance of Functional Foods in Ho Chi Minh City

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Duy Tung BUI

    2015-11-01

    Full Text Available The aim of this paper is to identify and evaluate the underlying factors affecting consumer acceptance of functional foods. The contribution of this study is to better understand customer willingness to buy such products in Ho Chi Minh City by shedding light on how socio-demographic, cognitive and attitudinal determinants affect consumer's choices of foods. We conducted a survey using 217 respondents from Ho Chi Minh City. Next, we develop a binary-probit model to quantify the impact of each factor on consumer acceptance. The results show that having a sick relative, beliefs in health benefits positively affect acceptance level. Other than that, old people in Ho Chi Minh City tend to reject the use of functional foods. However, when they are provided with enough knowledge, they are the most intensive buyers of these products. Implications and further researches are also discussed.

  10. Electrical Conductivity of Molten DyCl3-NaCl and DyCl3-KCl Systems: An Approach to Structural Interpretations of Rare Earth Chloride Melts

    Science.gov (United States)

    Iwadate, Yasuhiko; Ohkubo, Takahiro

    2017-11-01

    Electrical conductivities (κs) of molten DyCl3-NaCl and DyCl3-KCl systems were estimated by measuring the impedances of each mixture melt at any temperature and/or frequency. The molar volumes (Vms) were measured by dilatometry and represented as a polynomial empirical equation of temperature and composition. Due to both the properties, the molar conductivities (Λms) were calculated and their temperature and/or composition dependences were discussed from the standpoint of structural features as well. The κs increased curvilinearly with increasing temperature across the whole composition ranges. This trend was also applied to the Λms which was fitted by an Arrhenius-type equation. The relationship of Λms with melt composition was studied and the Λms were found to decrease with increasing composition of DyCl3. These findings were interpreted based on the results of structural science so far reported, and finally, the relationship between Λms and the structures of pure rare earth chloride melts was discussed.

  11. Anisotropic superconducting and normal state magnetic properties of single crystals of RNi*2*B*2*C compounds (R = Y, Gd, Dy, Ho, Er, and Tm)

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Cho, Beongki [Iowa State Univ., Ames, IA (United States)

    1995-09-26

    The interaction of superconductivity with magnetism has been one of the most interesting and important phenomena in solid state physics since the 1950`s when small amounts of magnetic impurities were incorporated in superconductors. The discovery of the magnetic superconductors RNi2B2C (R = rare earth, Y) offers a new system to study this interaction. The wide ranges of superconducting transition (Tc) and antiferromagnetic (AF) ordering temperatures (TN) (0 K ≤ Tc ≤ 16 K, 0 K ≤ TN ≤ 20 K) give a good opportunity to observe a variety of interesting phenomena. Single crystals of high quality with appropriate size and mass are crucial in examining the anisotropic intrinsic properties. Single crystals have been grown successfully by an unusual high temperature flux method and characterized thoroughly by X-ray, electrical transport, magnetization, neutron scattering, scanning electron microscopy, and other measurements.

  12. Možnosti použitia metódy ABC v systéme nákladového controllingu

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ivan Vereš

    2013-11-01

    Full Text Available The general trend is becoming a growth in overhead costs for the company. If an increasing share of overhead costs, increasing uncertainty timetable by scheduling the cost bases of traditional methods. The article considers the uses and explores the benefits of applying the ABC method for the identification, definition and measurement of costs by type of business activity. ABC method is particularly suitable for companies whose production schedule is diversified if it contains more types of performances, which vary by their size, size of production batches or production technology. The more diversified production program, the greater the uncertainty arising from the use of traditional methods of compiling calculation. When deciding on the introduction of ABC method, an enterprise should also consider their cost structure and especially the share of overhead costs. If an increasing share of overhead costs, increasing uncertainty of allocating costs using bases timetable. This situation is reflected disproportionately high overhead markup used for base courses. The method of compiling costing under sub- activities can significantly reduce this premium, it allows the product to assign a large part of indirect costs through cost determinants in fact as a direct expense. ABC method as a cause of action deemed cost rather than the individual performances. Calculations by this method therefore require expertise in rem over specific activities, practices and processes within the company. After the implementation of ABC methods are detailed and clearly elaborated and described all the activities, operations, processes in the company, their inputs and outputs. Another factor affecting the suitability of applying the method is characteristic of a competitive environment. Strong competition in the sector means that incorrect pricing or mix of business may have very negative consequences. The fierce competition is an increasing need of accurate knowledge of the costs of individual products. Yet one important factor which increases the need to apply the method ABC is planning changes in the production or marketing strategy. Application of the ABC method in practice allowed the company to identify activities that represent the successive stages of the production of radiopharmaceutical [18F]-fluordeoxyglucose (FDG, define and assign a scale that directly affect the volume and type of costs of individual activities, establish an estimate of consumption expenditure based on the assumption of values cost of meter and assigning costs to individual activities. Costing ABC method clearly shows the difficulty of technical provision of production (44.6% share of depreciation. Up to 80% of costs are consumed activities directly related to production. Management and radiation protection is 20% of the cost. Ensuring quality control of manufactured FDG also requires 20% of the cost. The cost structure refers to the high proportion of fixed costs and overhead. This follows from the high prices of technical security and legal requirements for manufacturing operations. Reducing the price of equipment should offer radiopharmaceuticals become accessible, which could provide more investigations using positron tomography at a lower price.

  13. Hetero-tri-spin [2p-3d-4f] chain compounds based on nitronyl nitroxide lanthanide metallo-ligands: synthesis, structure, and magnetic properties.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zhu, Mei; Hu, Peng; Li, Yungai; Wang, Xiufeng; Li, Licun; Liao, Daizheng; Durga Prasad Goli, V M L; Ramasesha, S; Sutter, Jean-Pascal

    2014-10-06

    Employing nitronyl nitroxide lanthanide(III) complexes as metallo-ligands allowed the efficient and highly selective preparation of three series of unprecedented hetero-tri-spin (Cu-Ln-radical) one-dimensional compounds. These 2p-3d-4f spin systems, namely [Ln3Cu(hfac)11(NitPhOAll)4] (Ln(III) = Gd 1Gd, Tb 1Tb, Dy 1Dy; NitPhOAll = 2-(4'-allyloxyphenyl)-4,4,5,5-tetramethylimidazoline-1-oxyl-3-oxide), [Ln3Cu(hfac)11(NitPhOPr)4] (Ln(III) = Gd 2Gd, Tb 2Tb, Dy 2Dy, Ho 2Ho, Yb 2Yb; NitPhOPr = 2-(4'-propoxyphenyl)-4,4,5,5-tetramethyl-imidazoline-1-oxyl-3-oxide) and [Ln3Cu(hfac)11(NitPhOBz)4] (Ln(III) = Gd 3Gd, Tb 3Tb, Dy 3Dy; NitPhOBz=2-(4'-benzyloxyphenyl)-4,4,5,5-tetramethyl-imidazoline-1-oxyl-3-oxide) involve O-bound nitronyl nitroxide radicals as bridging ligands in chain structures with a [Cu-Nit-Ln-Nit-Ln-Nit-Ln-Nit] repeating unit. The dc magnetic studies show that ferromagnetic metal-radical interactions take place in these hetero-tri-spin chain complexes, these and the next-neighbor interactions have been quantified for the Gd derivatives. Complexes 1Tb and 2Tb exhibit frequency dependence of ac magnetic susceptibilities, indicating single-chain magnet behavior. © 2014 WILEY-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA, Weinheim.

  14. Trifluralin: photolysis under sunlight conditions and reaction with HO* radicals.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Le Person, A; Mellouki, A; Muñoz, A; Borras, E; Martin-Reviejo, M; Wirtz, K

    2007-02-01

    The gas phase atmospheric degradation of trifluralin (a widely used herbicide) has been investigated at the EUPHORE facility. Its photolysis has been studied under sunlight conditions and its reaction rate constant with HO() radicals was measured using the relative rate method. Using 1,3,5-trimethylbenzene as reference compound, the rate constant of HO() reaction with trifluralin was obtained to be [formula: see text] The mean photolysis rate measured under solar radiation was [formula: see text] . The photolysis of trifluralin was found to generate organic aerosols with a yield of (20 +/-10)%. The data obtained enabled us to discuss the atmospheric fate of trifluralin in the gas phase.

  15. {sup 166}Ho-chitosan as a radiation synovectomy agent - biocompatibility study of {sup 166}Ho-chitosan in rabbits

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Kim, Sug Jun; Lee, Soo Yong; Jeon, Dae Geun; Lee Jong Seok [Korea Cancer Center Hospital, Seoul (Korea, Republic of)

    1997-01-01

    Radiation synovectomy is a noninvasive therapy that has been investigated as an alternative to surgical synovectomy. It is been successfully employed in the treatment of synovitis in rheumatoid arthrits and other inflammatory arthropathies. We developed the {sup 166}Ho-chitosan complex for possible use as a radiation synovectomy agent. Holmium is the more practical isotope based on its higher radioactivity and logner half-life. And isotope based on its higher radioactivity and logner half-life. And chitosan is ideal and suitable particles based on its soluble and biodegradable characteristics. So we investigated the biocompatibility of the {sup 166}Ho-chitosan complex to evaluated the suitability as a radiation synovectomy agent. In this study, we performed in vivo and in vitro stability test and biodistribution test. Our results indicate that {sup 166}Ho-chitosan may be an effective radiopharmaceutical for radiation synovectomy. (author). 30 refs., 7 tabs.

  16. Návrh rezervačního hotelového portálu

    OpenAIRE

    Rykala, Daniel

    2014-01-01

    Bakalářská práce se zabývá návrhem webového rezervačního portálu pro ubytovací zařízení, jako jsou hotely a penziony. Výchozím aspektem jsou požadavky zadavatele. V práci je popsán návrh postupu tvorby portálu, posouzení jeho ekonomické hodnoty a zhodnocení jeho případného nasazení do provozu. This Bachelor’s thesis is focused on the design of hotel reservation through web portal, used by accommodation facilities such as hotels . Initial aspects are client’s requests. The thesis describes ...

  17. Synthesis and characterization of CaF{sub 2}:Dy nanophosphor for dosimetric application

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Bhadane, Mahesh S.; Dahiwale, S. S.; Bhoraskar, V. N.; Dhole, S. D., E-mail: sanjay@physics.unipune.ac.in [Department of Physics, University of Pune, Pune-411007 (India); Patil, B. J. [Department of Physics, Abasaheb Garware College, Pune-411004 (India); Kulkarni, M. S. [Radiation Safety Systems Division, Bhabha Atomic Research Centre, Mumbai 400 085 (India); Bhatt, B. C. [Radiological Physics and Advisory Division, Bhabha Atomic Research Centre, Mumbai 400 085 (India)

    2015-06-24

    In this work, nanoparticles (NPs) of dysprosium doped calcium fluoride (CaF{sub 2}:Dy) 1 mol % has been prepared using simple chemical co-precipitation method and its thermoluminescence (TL) dosimetric properties were studied. The synthesized nanoparticle sample was characterized by X-ray diffraction (XRD) and the particle size of face centered cubic phase NPs was found around 30 nm. The shape, morphology and size were also observed by scanning electron microscopy (SEM). From gamma irradiated CaF{sub 2}:Dy TL curves, it was observed that the total areas of all the glow peak intensities are dramatically changed with increase in annealing temperature. Further, TL glow curve of the CaF{sub 2}:Dy at 183 °C annealed at 400 °C, showed very sharp linear response in the dose range from 1 Gy to 750 Gy. This linear response of CaF{sub 2}:Dy nanophosphor as a function of gamma dose is very useful from radiation dosimetric point of view.

  18. A microscopic study of deformation systematics in 154− 166Dy ...

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    The Hartree–Bogoliubov (HB) framework of calculations has been applied for calculating various nuclear structure quantities for 154−166Dy mass chains. In this framework, the intrinsic quadrupole moments, the low-lying yrast states ( E 2 + and E 4 + ) and occupation numbers for various shell model orbits have been ...

  19. Influence of annealing temperature on the Dy diffusion process in NdFeB magnets

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hu, Sheng-qing; Peng, Kun; Chen, Hong

    2017-03-01

    Sintered NdFeB magnets were coated with a layer of Dy metal using electron beam evaporation method and then annealed at various temperatures to investigate the temperature dependence of Dy diffusion process in NdFeB magnets. A Dy-rich phase was observed along the grain boundaries after the grain boundary diffusion process, the diffusion coefficients of various temperatures were obtained, the diffusion coefficients of Dy along the grain boundaries at 800 °C and 900 °C were determined to be 9.8×10-8 cm2 s-1 and 2.4×10-7 cm2 s-1, respectively. The diffusion length depended on the annealing temperature and the maximum diffusion length of approximately 1.8 mm and 3.0 mm can be obtained after annealing at 800 °C and 900 °C for 8 h. Higher diffusion temperature results in the diffusion not only along the grain boundaries but also into grains and then decrease in magnetic properties. The optimum annealing conditions can be determined as 900 °C for 8 h. The coercivity was improved from 1040 kA/m to 1450 kA/m and its magnetization has no significant reduction after the grain boundary diffusion process at the optimum annealing conditions.

  20. A microscopic study of deformation systematics in 154−166Dy ...

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    A microscopic study of deformation systematics in 154−166Dy isotopes. AMITA DUA, ARUN BHARTI. ∗ and S K KHOSA. Department of Physics, University of Jammu, Jammu & Kashmir 180 006, India. ∗. Corresponding Author. E-mail: arunbharti 2003@yahoo.co.in. MS received 30 March 2006; revised 9 March 2007; ...

  1. Structural and optical characteristics of Ce, Nd, Gd, and Dy-doped ...

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    Ashwini S Varpe

    2017-06-19

    Jun 19, 2017 ... use in applications like gate dielectric material and in coating industry. .... smaller. However, small clusters can coalesce by surface diffusion ..... industry. Under ultraviolet excitation, Ce, Gd, and Dy- doped thin films show emissions in the visible region while Nd:Al2O3 shows emissions in the IR region. The.

  2. Optical absorption and fluorescence studies of Dy{sup 3+}-doped lead telluroborate glasses

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Vijaya Kumar, M.V. [Department of Physics, Rayalaseema University, Kurnool 518002 (India); Jamalaiah, B.C., E-mail: bcjamal@gmail.com [Department of Physics, Sree Vidyanikethan Engineering College, Tirupati 517102 (India); Rama Gopal, K.; Reddy, R.R. [Department of Physics, Sri Krishnadevaraya University, Anantapur 515003 (India)

    2012-01-15

    Lead telluroborate (PTBDy) glasses doped with different Dy{sup 3+} ion concentrations were prepared by melt quenching technique and investigated through optical absorption, fluorescence and decay measurements. The Judd-Ofelt intensity parameters ({Omega}{sub {lambda}}) are obtained by a least square fit analysis. The small root mean square deviation of {+-}0.34x10{sup -6} shows a good fit between the experimental and calculated oscillator strengths. The radiative properties of the {sup 4}F{sub 9/2}{yields}{sup 6}H{sub 13/2} emission transition of PTBDy10 glass are determined and compared to the other reported glasses. The variation of decay time of the {sup 4}F{sub 9/2} emission state is attributed to the interaction among the excited Dy{sup 3+} ions at higher concentration. The PTBDy10 glass is found to be a suitable candidate for solid state laser materials to produce intense yellow (576 nm) luminescence through the {sup 4}F{sub 9/2}{yields}{sup 6}H{sub 13/2} transition. - Highlights: > Interaction among Dy{sup 3+} ions at higher concentrations causes concentration quenching. > The radiative properties are determined within the frame work of Judd-Ofelt theory. > Variation of decay time of {sup 4}F{sub 9/2} emission state is attributed to interactions among the Dy{sup 3+} ions at higher concentration. > The PTBDy10 glass is a suitable material for 576 nm laser applications.

  3. An evaluation of UV protection imparted by cotton fabrics dyed with natural colorants

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sarkar Ajoy K

    2004-10-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background The ultraviolet properties of textiles dyed with synthetic dyes have been widely reported in literature. However, no study has investigated the ultraviolet properties of natural fabrics dyed with natural colorants. This study reports the Ultraviolet Protection Factor (UPF of cotton fabrics dyed with colorants of plant and insect origins. Methods Three cotton fabrics were dyed with three natural colorants. Fabrics were characterized with respect to fabric construction, weight, thickness and thread count. Influence of fabric characteristics on Ultraviolet Protection Factor was studied. Role of colorant concentration on the ultraviolet protection factor was examined via color strength analysis. Results A positive correlation was observed between the weight of the fabric and their UPF values. Similarly, thicker fabrics offered more protection from ultraviolet rays. Thread count appears to negatively correlate with UPF. Dyeing with natural colorants dramatically increased the protective abilities of all three fabric constructions. Additionally, within the same fabric type UPF values increased with higher depths of shade. Conclusion Dyeing cotton fabrics with natural colorants increases the ultraviolet protective abilities of the fabrics and can be considered as an effective protection against ultraviolet rays. The UPF is further enhanced with colorant of dark hues and with high concentration of the colorant in the fabric.

  4. THE ANGULAR-MOMENTUM DEPENDENCE OF THE GIANT-DIPOLE RESONANCE IN DY-154

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    NOORMAN, RF; BACELAR, JC; HARAKEH, MN; HESSELINK, WHA; HOFMANN, HJ; Kalantar-Nayestanaki, Nasser; VANSCHAGEN, JPS; STOLK, A; SUJKOWSKI, Z; DEVOIGT, MJA; VANDERWOUDE, A

    1994-01-01

    The statistical gamma-ray decay of the compound nucleus 154Dy* formed at an excitation energy of 69 MeV is studied in three angular-momentum windows [J] = 31,42 and 50h. The GDR strength function extracted from the data indicates a constant centroid energy for the resonance E(GDR) = 15.2 +/- 0.5

  5. Antiferromagnetic order and spin glass behavior in Dy{sub 2}CuIn{sub 3}

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Siouris, I.M., E-mail: jsiou@pme.duth.gr [Democritus University of Thrace (DUTH), Production and Management Engineering Department, Materials Laboratory, 67100 Xanthi (Greece); Kremer, R.K. [Max-Planck-Institut fuer Festkoerperforschung, Heisenbergstrasse 1, D-70569 Stuttgart (Germany); Hoelzel, M. [Technische Universitaet Muenchen, Forschungsneutronenquelle Heinz Maier-Leibnitz (FRM II), 85748 Garching (Germany)

    2011-11-15

    The magnetic properties of the intermetallic compound Dy{sub 2}CuIn{sub 3} have been investigated. Ac and dc-susceptibility measurements indicate an onset of antiferromagnetic ordering at T{sub N}=19.5 K and an additional frequency dependent transition at T{sub ds}{approx}9 K. Neutron diffraction studies confirm the ordered transition at 19.5{+-}1 K. The magnetic unit cell can be described by the propagation vector k=(0.25,0.25,0) with the magnetic moment {mu}=2.63(4){mu}{sub B}/Dy{sup 3+} parallel to the c-axis. Nevertheless, neutron diffraction reveals no additional magnetic phase transition around or below 9 K, which suggests that, at lower temperatures, a spin glass state may be formed in coexistence with the antiferromagnetic mode as a result of frustration and the antagonism between ferromagnetic and antiferromagnetic exchange interactions. - Highlights: > Dy{sub 2}CuIn{sub 3} is characterized by the dominance of antiferromagnetic (AF) interactions. > Geometric frustration and crystal field effects prevent the formation of the full magnetic moment on the Dy ions. > Two magnetic regimes are recognized: an AF state and a mixed AF-glassy state. > The antiferromagnetic structure of the compound has been determined.

  6. Dyed and Printed Textiles: Javanese Batik [and] Dutch Wax Prints [and] West African Adire. Third Edition.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Burke, Sue

    Three booklets focusing on dyed and printed textile techniques of Java, West Africa, and the Netherlands describe historical and ethnographic materials as well as the development of particular technical traditions. Each section may be used alone or with either or both of the others. When used together, these booklets illustrate the…

  7. [Luminescence properties of thenardite activated with Dy3+ under vacuum ultraviolet excitation].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Taximaiti, Yusufu; Ajimu, Abulai; Su, Zong-Cai; Aierken, Sidike

    2011-08-01

    Na2SO4: Dy3+ phosphors were prepared by heating pure natural thenardite (Na2SO4) with DyF3 at 900 degrees C for 25 min in air studied the Luminescence properties of Na2SO4: Dy3+ were studied by synchrotron radiation. Their photoluminescence (PL) spectra were also investigated under vacuum ultraviolet-ultraviolet (VUV-UV) at room temperature. According to the emission spectra, the yellow-blue ratio (Y/B) is different under different concentrations of Dy3+ and the position of excitation. And the excitation spectrum is consisted of strong bands assigned to the 4f9-->4f8 5d transition at 172 nm, the O(2-)- Tm3+ charge transfer band at 165 nm and weak bands assigned to host absorption (138, 245 nm) and the 6 H15/2-->4D7/2, 6H15/2-->6P3/2, and 6H15/2-->6P7/2 transition at 299, 325 and 351 nm respectively.

  8. Spectroscopic studies of Dy3 + ion doped tellurite glasses for solid state lasers and white LEDs

    Science.gov (United States)

    Himamaheswara Rao, V.; Syam Prasad, P.; Mohan Babu, M.; Venkateswara Rao, P.; Satyanarayana, T.; Luís F., Santos; Veeraiah, N.

    2018-01-01

    Rare earth ion Dy3 +-doped tellurite glasses were synthesised in the system of (75-x)TeO2-15Sb2O3-10WO3-xDy2O3 (TSWD glasses). XRD and FTIR characterizations were used to find the crystalline and structural properties. The intensities of the electronic transitions and the ligand environment around the Dy3 + ion were determined using the Judd-Ofelt (J-O) theory on the absorption spectra of the glasses. The measured luminescence spectra exhibit intense emissions at 574 and 484 nm along with less intense emissions around 662 and 751 nm. Various radiative properties of the 4F9/2 excited level of Dy3 + ion were calculated for the glasses. Decay profiles were measured to find the life times and quantum efficiencies. Yellow to blue intensity ratio (Y/B), CIE chromaticity coordinates and correlated color temperature (CCT) values are calculated using the emission spectra to evaluate the emitted light. The obtained results suggest the utility of the glasses for potential yellow laser and white LED's applications.

  9. High coercivity in Fe-Nb-B-Dy bulk nanocrystalline magnets

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Ziolkowski, Grzegorz; Chrobak, Artur; Klimontko, Joanna [Institute of Physics, University of Silesia, Uniwersytecka 4, 40-007, Katowice (Poland); Chrobak, Dariusz; Rak, Jan [Institute of Materials Science, University of Silesia, 75 Pulku Piechoty 1, 41-500, Chorzow (Poland); Zivotsky, Ondrej; Hendrych, Ales [Department of Physics, VSB-TU Ostrava, Ostrava (Czech Republic)

    2016-11-15

    The paper refers to structural and magnetic properties of the (Fe{sub 80}Nb{sub 6}B{sub 14}){sub 1-x}Dy{sub x} (x = 0.08, 0.10, 0.12, 0.16) bulk nanocrystalline alloys prepared by making use of the vacuum suction casting technique. The samples are in a form of rods with different diameters d = 1.5, 1, and 0.5 mm. The phase structure was investigated by XRD technique and reveals an occurrence of magnetically hard Dy{sub 2}Fe{sub 14}B as well as other relatively soft Dy-Fe, Fe-B, and Fe phases dependently on the Dy content. The alloys show hard magnetic properties with high coercive field up to 5.5 T (for x = 0.12 and d = 0.5 mm). The observed magnetic hardening effect with the increase of cooling rate (decrease of sample diameter d) can be attributed to a formation of ultra-hard magnetic objects as well as increasing role of low dimensional microstructure. (copyright 2016 WILEY-VCH Verlag GmbH and Co. KGaA, Weinheim)

  10. Synthesis, characterization and photoluminescence properties of Dy3+ -doped nano-crystalline SnO2.

    CSIR Research Space (South Africa)

    Pillai, SK

    2010-04-15

    Full Text Available Nano-crystalline of tin oxide doped with varying wt% of Dy3+ was prepared using chemical coprecipitation method and characterised by various advanced techniques such as BET-surface area, Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy, X-ray diffraction...

  11. Thermoluminescence characteristics of MgSO sub 4 :Dy,Mn phosphor

    CERN Document Server

    Luo Da Ling; Deng Zou Ping; Li Guo Zhen

    1999-01-01

    The MgSO sub 4 :Dy,Mn thermoluminescence (TL) phosphors have been prepared by co-doping with various concentrations of activators the Dy and Mn. The dose-responses to gamma-rays are studied by deconvolution of the TL glow curves. It is found that the TL sensitivity of the MgSO sub 4 :Dy,Mn phosphor is comparable to that of the phosphor LiF:Mg,Ti. Besides, there is only one main dosimetric peak at 383 deg. C in its TL glow curve. The trap parameters of the dosimetric peak were obtained as activation energy E approx 1.972 eV, the frequency-factor s approx 4.294x10 sup 1 sup 4 s sup - sup 1 and the kinetic order b approx 2 by fitting the glow curves with general-order kinetics. The area of this dosimetric peak is approx 90% of the integral area of the whole glow curve for a gamma dose range of 0.1 Gy-20 kGy. The dose response of MgSO sub 4 :Dy,Mn to gamma-rays in this dose range is supralinear. There are no radiation damage effects observed in TL glow curves above 1 kGy as that occurred in LiF dosimeters.

  12. Role of some rare earth (RE) ions (RE= La, Pr, Nd, Sm, Gd and Dy ...

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    ) zirconia), tendency of phase transformation (tetragonal to monoclinic () zirconia) and lattice strain were studied with mechanical property e.g. tensile strength of sol–gel derived ZrO2–2 mol% RE2O3 (RE = La, Pr, Nd, Sm, Gd and Dy) spun ...

  13. Peak effect in surface resistance at microwave frequencies in Dy-123 thin films

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Bhangale, A.R.; Banerjee, T.; Raychaudhuri, P.; Bhagwat, S.S.; Pai, S.P.; John, J.; Bagwe, V.C.; Shirodkar, V.S.

    2002-01-01

    A pronounced peak in the microwave (at frequency 9.55 GHz) surface resistance, Rs vs. T plot (where T is the temperature) has been observed in epitaxial DyBa2Cu3O7−y superconducting thin films in magnetic fields (parallel to c-axis) in the range 2 to 8 kOe, and temperatures close to the

  14. [Tuberculosis annual report 2008--series 2. TB in foreigners].

    Science.gov (United States)

    2009-11-01

    Statistics on tuberculosis (TB) in foreigners have been obtained since 1998 in Japan. The number of foreign TB patients increased from 739 in 1998 to 945 in 2008. In contrast, the number of Japanese TB patients decreased during this period and hence the proportion of foreign TB patients increased from 2.1% in 1998 to 3.9% in 2008, excluding those of unknown nationality. Especially, the proportion of those aged 20-29 years increased greatly from 9.1% in 1998 to 26.3% in 2008. Although the number of nationalities was 47, the majority of patients were from China (27.7%), the Philippines (24.8%) and Korea (10.2%) in 2008. The number of foreign TB patients aged 20-29 years was 468, accounting for 49.5% of all foreign TB patients in 2008. Seventy-seven percent of foreign patients aged 20-29 years had developed TB within 5 years of entering Japan. The equivalent proportion was 49% of those aged 30-39 years and 32% of those aged 40-49 years. Regarding occupation, 39.7% of foreign patients aged 20-29 years were full-time workers, 28.6% were students and 13.7% were part-time workers.

  15. TB tracer teams in South Africa: knowledge, practices and challenges of tracing TB patients to improve adherence.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bristow, Claire C; Podewils, Laura Jean; Bronner, Liza Ellen; Bantubani, Nonkqubela; Walt, Martie van der; Peters, Annatjie; Mametja, David

    2013-09-04

    In 2008-2009 the South African National Tuberculosis (TB) Program (NTP) implemented a national pilot project, the TB Tracer Project, aiming to decrease default rates and improve patient outcomes. The current study aimed to inform the NTP by describing the knowledge, attitudes, and practices of TB program personnel involved with tracing activities. A self-administered written questionnaire was sent to TB staff, managers and tracer team leaders to assess basic TB knowledge, attitudes and practices. Descriptive statistics were used to summarize results and the chi-squared statistic was used to compare responses of staff at facilities that participated in the TB Tracer Project (tracer) and those that followed standard NTP care (non-tracer). Of 560 total questionnaires distributed, 270 were completed and returned (response rate 48%). Total TB knowledge ranged from 70.8-86.3% correct across all response groups. However, just over half (range 50-59.3%) of each respondent group was able to correctly identify the four components of a DOT encounter. A patient no longer feeling sick was cited by 72.1% of respondents as the reason patients fail to adhere to treatment. Tracer teams were viewed as an effective means to get patients to return to treatment by 96.3% of health facility level respondents. Tracer team leaders reported concerns including lack of logistical support (41.7%), insufficient physical safety precautions (41.7%), and inadequate protection from contracting TB (39.1%). Upon patients returning to treatment at the clinic, facilities included in the TB Tracer Project were significantly more likely to discuss alternate DOTS arrangements than non-tracer facilities (79.2 vs. 66.4%, p = 0.03). This study identified key components of knowledge, attitudes, and practices regarding TB patient tracing activities in South Africa. Educating patients on the essential need to complete treatment irrespective of clinical symptoms may help improve treatment adherence. Future

  16. Excellent magnetocaloric properties in RE2Cu2Cd (RE = Dy and Tm) compounds and its composite materials.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zhang, Yikun; Yang, Yang; Xu, Xiao; Geng, Shuhua; Hou, Long; Li, Xi; Ren, Zhongming; Wilde, Gerhard

    2016-09-26

    The magnetic properties and magnetocaloric effect (MCE) of ternary intermetallic RE2Cu2Cd (RE = Dy and Tm) compounds and its composite materials have been investigated in detail. Both compounds undergo a paramagnetic to ferromagnetic transition at its own Curie temperatures of TC ~ 48.5 and 15 K for Dy2Cu2Cd and Tm2Cu2Cd, respectively, giving rise to the large reversible MCE. An additionally magnetic transition can be observed around 16 K for Dy2Cu2Cd compound. The maximum values of magnetic entropy change (-ΔSM(max)) are estimated to be 17.0 and 20.8 J/kg K for Dy2Cu2Cd and Tm2Cu2Cd, for a magnetic field change of 0-70 kOe, respectively. A table-like MCE in a wide temperature range of 10-70 K and enhanced refrigerant capacity (RC) are achieved in the Dy2Cu2Cd - Tm2Cu2Cd composite materials. For a magnetic field change of 0-50 kOe, the maximum improvements of RC reach 32% and 153%, in comparison with that of individual compound Dy2Cu2Cd and Tm2Cu2Cd. The excellent MCE properties suggest the RE2Cu2Cd (RE = Dy and Tm) and its composite materials could be expected to have effective applications for low temperature magnetic refrigeration.

  17. Tunable luminescence mediated by energy transfer in Tm3+/Dy3+ co-doped phosphate glasses under UV excitation

    Science.gov (United States)

    Chen, Yong; Chen, Guohua; Liu, Xiangyu; Yuan, Changlai; Zhou, Changrong

    2017-11-01

    Tm3+/Dy3+ co-doped phosphate glasses for white light-emitting diodes were synthesized by a conventional melting-quenching method. A spectroscopic research based on optical, photoluminescence spectrum and decay time curves in Tm3+/Dy3+ co-doped phosphate glasses was carried out. The color of luminescence could be tuned by altering the concentrations of Tm3+ ions. Under UV light excitation, the CIE chromaticity coordinates (0.3471, 0.3374) and color correlate temperature (CCT = 4866.21 K) close to the standard white-light illumination (0.333, 0.333 and CCT = 5454.12 K) could be achieved in 0.4 Tm3+/0.6 Dy3+ (mol %) co-doped glass sample. The decrease of the Dy3+ emission decay time in existence of Tm3+ ascertained that non-radiative energy transfer from Dy3+ to Tm3+ occurred. Moreover, the research of energy transfers between Dy3+ and Tm3+ based on the Inokuti-Hirayama model revealed that an electric quadrupole-quadrupole interaction might be the predominant mechanism participated in the energy transfer. This finding suggests that the as-prepared Tm3+/Dy3+ co-doped phosphate glasses may be promising candidate for white LEDs and other display devices.

  18. Stínová kinematografie - Mytologie australského gotického filmu 70.let

    OpenAIRE

    Kotrlová, Jitka

    2015-01-01

    8 Univerzita Karlova v Praze Filozofická fakulta Katedra filmových studií Diplomová práce Jitka Kotrlová Stínová kinematografie: mytologie australského gotického filmu 70. let Shadow Cinematography: Mythology of the Australian Gothic Film of the 1970's Praha 2015 Vedoucí práce: PhDr. Petra Hanáková, Ph.D Abstract: The thesis focuses on the mythological aspects of films of the so-called Australia gothic in 1970's. In a detailed form of thematic analysis it discovers three fundamental myths wit...

  19. Studium sterilizačních účinků dielektrického bariérového výboje

    OpenAIRE

    Slámová, Jitka

    2013-01-01

    Předmětem dizertační práce bylo studium sterilizačních účinků dielektrického bariérového výboje pracujícího za atmosférického tlaku. Jako modelové mikroorganismy byly při studiu použity plíseň Aspergillus niger, grampozitivní bakterie Bacillus subtilis a částečně také gramnegativní bakterie Escherichia coli. Vzorky mikroorganismů byly naneseny na papír Whatman 1 nebo PET folii a vystaveny účinkům plazmatu. Plazma bylo generováno v prostředí argonu, dusíku, suchého a vlhkého vzduchu s frekvenc...

  20. On the Impact of HO2-H2O Complexes in the Marine Boundary Layer: A Possible Sink for HO2

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Alexander Thomas Archibald

    2011-01-01

    Full Text Available The impact of the formation of HO2-H2O adducts following reaction between H2O and HO2 and subsequent reaction of this adduct on HOx, H2O2 and O3 as a function of relative humidity in the marine boundary layer has been investigated using a zero-dimensional box model. The results of simulations with different product yields for the reaction of HO2-H2O with HO2 were compared with base case data derived from current recommendations for tropospheric modelling. It is suggested that inclusion of reactions of the HO2-H2O adduct may provide a significant sink for HO2 which has so far not been considered in models of tropospheric chemistry and depending on reaction products may have a significant impact on H2O2 and O3.

  1. Micro-meter size organogelator with tri-color luminescence (blue, green and red) activated by Dy3+, Tb3+ and Eu3+ ions.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wang, QianMing

    2009-09-01

    The preparation of a novel type of low-molecular-weight amphiphilic organogelator bearing three long 14-alkyl chains and hydrophilic oligo(oxyethylene) groups was described. Ultra-violet absorption and fluorescence spectra give evidence of the energy transfer between organic ligands to lanthanide ions. Characteristic green, blue and red luminescence of the organogels were obtained and interesting emission properties of terbium, dysprosium and europium ions were unexpectedly observed at the first time during the order-disorder phase transition point (29 degrees C).

  2. Mössbauer effect studies of Tb0.27Dy0.73(Fe1−xCox)2 ...

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    Pauling-type vs. Co contribution in the Fe/Co neighbourhoods. Keywords. Intermetallics; crystal structure; Laves phase; Mössbauer effect; hyperfine interaction; Slater–Pauling dependence; easy axis of magnetization. PACS Nos 76.80.+y; 61.10.

  3. The prosecution of Taiwan sexuality researcher and activist Josephine Ho.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wang, Ping

    2004-05-01

    In April 2003, following a newspaper report of a hyperlink to a website on bestiality on the Sexuality Databank website of the Center for the Study of Sexualities, National Central University, Taipei, Taiwan, 14 conservative NGOs filed charges against the Center's founder, Josephine Ho, for "propagating obscenities that corrupt traditional values." Ho has been researching sexuality and supporting freedom for marginalised sexual minorities for ten years. In a public statement in response to the charges, she said that the work of scholarly research must not be dictated by prejudice and that differences in sexual values should not be arbitrated by law and should be open for public discussion. As the legal process began in January 2004, Ho's supporters in Taiwan have called for the preservation of the Taiwan Constitutional decree on integrity and autonomy of academic research and freedom of expression on the internet, for the University to resist calls to dismiss Ho from her post, and for respect for freedom of speech and expression and the right to create spaces to educate people about non-normative sexualities.

  4. Phase equilibria of the Mo-Al-Ho ternary system

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Li, Yitai; Chen, Xiaoxian; Liu, Hao [Guangxi Univ., Nanning (China). College of Materials Science and Engineering; Guangxi Univ., Nanning (China). Guangxi Key Laboratory of Processing for Non-ferrous Metal and Featured Materials; Zhan, Yongzhong [Guangxi Univ., Nanning (China). College of Materials Science and Engineering; Guangxi Univ., Nanning (China). Guangxi Key Laboratory of Processing for Non-ferrous Metal and Featured Materials; Guangxi Univ., Nanning (China). Center of Ecological Collaborative Innovation for Aluminum Industry

    2017-08-15

    Investigation into the reactions and phase equilibria of transition metal elements (i.e. Mo, Zr, Cr, V and Ti), Al and rare earths is academically and industrially important for the development of both refractory alloys and lightweight high-temperature materials. In this work, the equilibria of the Mo-Al-Ho ternary system at 773 K have been determined by using X-ray powder diffraction and scanning electron microscopy equipped with energy dispersive X-ray analysis. A new ternary phase Al{sub 4}Mo{sub 2}Ho has been found and the other ternary phase Al{sub 43}Mo{sub 4}Ho{sub 6} is observed. Ten binary phases in the Al-Mo and Al-Ho systems, including Al{sub 17}Mo{sub 4} rather than Al{sub 4}Mo, have been determined to exist at 773 K. The homogeneity ranges of AlMo{sub 3} and Al{sub 8}Mo{sub 3} phase are 7.5 at.% and 1 at.%, respectively. According to the phase-disappearing method, the maximum solubility of Al in Mo is about 16 at.%.

  5. The electron capture in {sup 163}Ho experiment

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Hassel, Clemens [Kirchhoff-Institute of Physics, Heidelberg University (Germany); Collaboration: ECHo-Collaboration

    2016-07-01

    The Electron Capture {sup 163}Ho experiment, ECHo, has the goal to probe the electron neutrino mass on a sub-eV level via the analysis of the calorimetrically measured electron capture spectrum (EC) of {sup 163}Ho. For this metallic magnetic calorimeters will be used. The performance achieved by a first prototype of MMC with embedded {sup 163}Ho already shows that the desired values of an energy resolution of ΔE{sub FWHM} < 3 eV and a signal risetime of τ < 1 μs for ECHo can be reached. Recently the energy available for the decay Q{sub EC} = 2833(30{sub stat})(15{sub sys}) eV/c{sup 2} has been precisely determined by ECHo. Given this Q{sub EC}-value we expect a sensitivity on the electron neutrino mass below 10 eV in the first phase of the ECHo experiment, ECHo-1k. In this phase a high purity {sup 163}Ho source with a total activity of 1 kBq will be measured by about 100 detectors operated in a dedicated cryogenic platform in a reduced background environment. The results from this experiment will define parameters to scale the experiment to the next phase of ECHo-1M. There the total activity of the source will be 1 MBq and it will be measured by using 10{sup 5} detectors. We present the current status of the ECHo experiment.

  6. Experimental dosimetry of Ho-166 bioglass seed polymer-protected

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Nogueira, Luciana B.; Campos, Tarcisio P.R. [Universidade Federal de Minas Gerais (UFMG), Belo Horizonte, MG (Brazil). Dept. de Engenharia Nuclear. Programa de Pos-Graduacao em Ciencias e Tecnicas Nucleares

    2011-07-01

    This study aims to develop experimental dosimetry of Ho-166 bio glass seed for brachytherapy studies using GAFCHROMIC EBT2 radio chromium films. The methodology consists of placement of radio chromium films in a compressed breast phantom, along with bio glass polymer-protected seeds of [Si: Ca: Ho] and [Si: Ca: Ho: Zr]. The bio glass seeds were encapsulated with polyvinyl alcohol, before being activated and used in the study. The bio glass seeds were introduced into the breast phantom, along with radio chromium films for a period of 2 hours. After the exposure time, radio chromium films were removed from phantom and digitized for analysis in ImageDIG 2.0 program, which quantifies the intensity of RGB (Red, Green, Blue). The dose calculation was evaluated by Monte Carlo technique. Experimental and theoretical data were used to calibrate the dose distribution. The results were plotted on graphs and dose iso curves were obtained. As conclusion it is possible to perform dosimetry in Ho-166 seed brachytherapy using radio chromium films, limited to a short exposure time and small activity. (author)

  7. Temperature Variation of the Magnetic Structure of HoSb

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Andersen, Nils Axel; Kjems, Jørgen; Vogt, O.

    1980-01-01

    Neutron diffraction has been used to show that the magnetic moment vector in the antiferromagnet HoSb changes direction as a function of temperature below TN=5.7K. The experimental results are in qualitative agreement with a recent theoretical prediction by Jensen et al. (1980) which ascribe...

  8. Living with ghosts in Hořava-Lifshitz gravity

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Ramazanov, S. [Gran Sasso Science Institute (INFN),Viale Francesco Crispi 7, I-67100 L’Aquila (Italy); Arroja, F. [Leung Center for Cosmology and Particle Astrophysics, National Taiwan University,No. 1, Sec. 4, Roosevelt Road, Taipei, 10617 Taipei, Taiwan (R.O.C.) (China); Celoria, M. [Gran Sasso Science Institute (INFN),Viale Francesco Crispi 7, I-67100 L’Aquila (Italy); Matarrese, S. [Dipartimento di Fisica e Astronomia “G. Galilei”, Università degli Studi di Padova,via Marzolo 8, I-35131 Padova (Italy); Gran Sasso Science Institute (INFN),Viale Francesco Crispi 7, I-67100 L’Aquila (Italy); INFN, Sezione di Padova,via Marzolo 8, I-35131 Padova (Italy); INAF-Osservatorio Astronomico di Padova,Vicolo dell’Osservatorio 5, I-35122 Padova (Italy); Pilo, L. [Dipartimento di Scienze Fisiche e Chimiche, Università di L’Aquila,I-67010 L’Aquila (Italy); INFN, Laboratori Nazionali del Gran Sasso,I-67010 Assergi (Italy)

    2016-06-06

    We consider the branch of the projectable Hořava-Lifshitz model which exhibits ghost instabilities in the low energy limit. It turns out that, due to the Lorentz violating structure of the model and to the presence of a finite strong coupling scale, the vacuum decay rate into photons is tiny in a wide range of phenomenologically acceptable parameters. The strong coupling scale, understood as a cutoff on ghosts’ spatial momenta, can be raised up to Λ∼10 TeV. At lower momenta, the projectable Hořava-Lifshitz gravity is equivalent to General Relativity supplemented by a fluid with a small positive sound speed squared (10{sup −42}≲) c{sub s}{sup 2}≲10{sup −20}, that could be a promising candidate for the Dark Matter. Despite these advantages, the unavoidable presence of the strong coupling obscures the implementation of the original Hořava’s proposal on quantum gravity. Apart from the Hořava-Lifshitz model, conclusions of the present work hold also for the mimetic matter scenario, where the analogue of the projectability condition is achieved by a non-invertible conformal transformation of the metric.

  9. Systém integrovaného managementu

    OpenAIRE

    Slavíček, Jakub

    2010-01-01

    Diplomová práce se zabývá zaváděním integrovaného systému managementu. Konkrétně zaváděním systému managementu kvality a systémem environmentálního managementu. Praktická část obsahuje přezkoumání současného stavu plnění požadavků norem ČSN EN ISO 9001/2009 a ČSN EN ISO 14001/2005, registr právních požadavků, identifikaci environmentálních aspektů a jejich zhodnocení z hlediska významnosti a identifikaci situací havarijního ohrožení. This thesis deals with the introduction of integrate man...

  10. HO2 and HO2* Radical Chemistry during PROPHET-AMOS: Measurement and Model Comparison HO2 and HO2* Radical Chemistry during PROPHET-AMOS: Measurement and Model Comparison

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lew, M.; Bottorff, B.; Stevens, P. S.; Sigler, P. S. R.

    2016-12-01

    The hydroxyl (OH) and peroxy radicals, both the hydroperoxy radicals (HO2) and organic peroxy radicals (RO2) play an important role in atmospheric chemistry. In addition to controlling lifetimes of many trace gases important to issues of global climate change, reactions of these radicals can also lead to the production of ozone and secondary organic aerosols in the atmosphere. Previous measurements of these radicals in forest environments characterized by high mixing ratios of isoprene and low mixing ratios of NOx have shown serious discrepancies with modeled concentrations. These results bring into question our understanding of the atmospheric chemistry of isoprene and other biogenic VOCs under low NOxconditions. In the summer of 2016, HO2 and HO2* (S HO2 + αRO2) radicals were measured using the Laser-Induced Fluorescence Fluorescence Assay by Gas Expansion (LIF-FAGE) technique as part of the Program for Research on Oxidants: PHtochemistry, Emissions, and Transport- Atmospheric Measurements of Oxidants in Summer (PROPHET-AMOS). This campaign took place in a forested area in northern Michigan characterized by high mixing ratios of isoprene and low mixing ratios of NOx. Ambient measurements from this campaign will be compared to previous measurements at this site and to modeled predictions.

  11. Ocelová konstrukce zimního stadionu

    OpenAIRE

    Lobreis, Jan

    2017-01-01

    Práce je zaměřena na posouzení stavby městského zimního stadionu, který bude umístěn v lokalitě Brno - Komárov. Zimní stadion je navržen dle směrnic ledního hokeje s kapacitou přibližně 7 000 diváků. Z toho 5 850 k sezení, 1 050 na stání a 100 ve VIP prostorech. Konstrukci zimního stadiónu tvoří ocelové a ocelobetonové sloupy, které společně se spřaženými příčnými průvlaky, železobetonovou deskou a ztužidly zajišťují tuhost konstrukce. Sloupy jsou podepřeny soustavou vrtaných pilot s hlavicem...

  12. Influence of Modifier Cations on the Spectroscopic Properties of Dy(3+) Doped Telluroborate Glasses for White Light Applications.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Uma, V; Marimuthu, K; Muralidharan, G

    2016-11-01

    The effect of electronegativity and ion size of the modifier cations have been analyzed through a new series of Dy(3+) doped telluroborate glasses prepared by melt quenching technique with the composition of 30TeO2 + 29.5B2O3 + 20MO + 20MF2 + 0.5Dy2O3 (where M = Ba(2+), Sr(2+), Zn(2+), Cd(2+) and Pb(2+)). The various stretching and bending vibrational modes of borate and tellurite network have been identified through FTIR spectral measurements. The conversion of BO3 units into BO4 units increases NBOs in the glass network and the same is confirmed through FTIR spectra. The nephelauxetic ratio ([Formula: see text]) and bonding parameter (δ) value reveals that the Dy-O bond in prepared glasses possesses ionic nature. JO intensity parameters (Ω2, Ω4 and Ω6) of the present glasses follow the trend Ω2 > Ω4 > Ω6 uniformly in all the prepared glasses. Radiative parameters like transition probability (A), stimulated emission cross section[Formula: see text], branching ratio (βR) values have been predicted from the absorption spectra of Dy(3+) ions using JO theory. Among the prepared glasses TBZnD glass posses a better CIE 1931 colour chromaticity coordinates (0.33, 0.39) and CCT value (5019 K). Decay profile of (4)F9/2 state of the Dy(3+) ion exhibits non-exponential nature due to the interaction between Dy(3+)-Dy(3+) ions. The nature of interaction between Dy(3+)-Dy(3+) ions has been analyzed through Inokuti-Hirayama model and the best fit of S = 6 indicates that the dipole-dipole interaction is responsible for the energy transfer between Dy(3+)-Dy(3+) ions. The glass containing Zn(2+) ions posses encouraging results such as higher Y/B intensity ratio, stimulated emission cross section and higher branching ratio ((4)F9/2 → (6)H13/2). Thus the present study identified the Zn(2+) ions as a better modifier ion to develop the Dy(3+) doped glasses for various photonic applications.

  13. Effectiveness and cost effectiveness of screening immigrants schemes for tuberculosis (TB) on arrival from high TB endemic countries to low TB prevalent countries.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sanneh, A F N S; Al-Shareef, A M

    2014-09-01

    Immigrants to developed countries are a major source of TB. Therefore amongst strategies adopted for TB control in developed countries include; 1) Screening immigrants at ports of entry referred to as "Port of Arrival Screening" (PoA) and 2) Passive screening (PS) for TB which means screening immigrants through general practices, hospitals, chest-clinics and emergency departments. Evidence of the effectiveness and cost effectiveness of these strategies is not consistent. Evaluate efficiency of active PoA TB screening for immigrants from TB endemic-regions compared with Passive Screening of immigrant-populations from TB endemic-regions. Major electronic-databases and reference lists of relevant studies were searched. Experts of immigrants' TB screening were contacted for additional studies published or unpublished. Systematic search of major databases identified only retrospective cohort-studies. Their qualities were assessed using Scottish Intercollegiate Guidelines Network (SIGN) methodological checklist for comparative cohort-studies. Systematic electronic searches identified 1443 citations. Of these 74 studies were retrieved for evaluation against the review's inclusion/exclusion criteria (see study inclusion/exclusion criteria). Four studies met the inclusion criteria (figure 2) which were low in the evidence hierarchy of primary effectiveness studies and had heterogeneities between them. Thus descriptive data-synthesis was performed. Proportionately PoA screening had the lowest percentage of receipt of tuberculin skin test (TST) and the highest percentage of non-attendance for TST reading (table 2). Active PoA screening reduced infectiousness by 34% compared to 30% by passive screening and new entrants screened at PoA were 80% less likely to be hospitalised Odds ratio (OR) = 0.2 (95% confidence interval (CI) 0.1 - 0.2). [Table: see text]. One cost effectiveness analysis was found that compared the costs of; active PoA screening, general practice screening and

  14. Tuberculosis preventive therapy: an underutilised strategy to reduce individual risk of TB and contribute to TB control.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Churchyard, Gavin J; Chaisson, Richard E; Maartens, Gary; Getahun, Haileyesus

    2014-04-16

    Tuberculosis (TB) remains a global health problem, and South Africa (SA) has one of the world's worst TB epidemics. The World Health Organization (WHO) estimated in 1999 that one-third of the world's population was latently infected with TB. In SA up to 88% of HIV-uninfected young adults (31 - 35 years) are latently infected with TB. In the most recent meta-analysis, 6 - 12 months of isoniazid preventive therapy (IPT) was associated with a lower incidence of active TB than placebo (relative risk (RR) 0.68; 95% confidence interval (CI) 0.54 - 0.85), with the greatest benefit among individuals with a positive tuberculin skin test (TST) (RR 0.38; 95% CI 0.25 - 0.57). A clinical trial of IPT given with antiretroviral therapy (ART) for 12 months reduced TB incidence by 37% compared with ART alone (hazard ratio (HR) 0.63; 95% CI 0.41 - 0.94). The effect of IPT is limited in high-burden countries. IPT for 36 months v. 6 months reduced TB incidence among HIV-positive, TST-positive participants by 74% (HR 0.26; 95% CI 0.09 - 0.80). A study of more than 24 000 goldminers confirmed that IPT is safe, with only 0.5% experiencing adverse events. A meta-analysis of studies of IPT since 1951 did not show an increased risk of developing resistance. Alternative TB preventive therapy regimens, including high-dose isoniazid and rifapentine given weekly for 3 months, have been shown to have similar efficacy to IPT. Mathematical modelling suggests that scaling up continuous IPT targeted to HIV-positive persons, when used in combination with other treatment and prevention strategies, may substantially improve TB control.

  15. TB and HIV Therapeutics: Pharmacology Research Priorities

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Kelly E. Dooley

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available An unprecedented number of investigational drugs are in the development pipeline for the treatment of tuberculosis. Among patients with tuberculosis, co-infection with HIV is common, and concurrent treatment of tuberculosis and HIV is now the standard of care. To ensure that combinations of anti-tuberculosis drugs and antiretrovirals are safe and are tested at doses most likely to be effective, selected pharmacokinetic studies based on knowledge of their metabolic pathways and their capacity to induce or inhibit metabolizing enzymes of companion drugs must be conducted. Drug interaction studies should be followed up by evaluations in larger populations to evaluate safety and pharmacodynamics more fully. Involving patients with HIV in trials of TB drugs early in development enhances the knowledge gained from the trials and will ensure that promising new tuberculosis treatments are available to patients with HIV as early as possible. In this review, we summarize current and planned pharmacokinetic and drug interaction studies involving investigational and licensed tuberculosis drugs and antiretrovirals and suggest priorities for tuberculosis-HIV pharmacokinetic, pharmacodynamic, and drug-drug interaction studies for the future. Priority studies for children and pregnant women with HIV and tuberculosis co-infection are briefly discussed.

  16. TumorHoPe: a database of tumor homing peptides.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Pallavi Kapoor

    Full Text Available Cancer is responsible for millions of immature deaths every year and is an economical burden on developing countries. One of the major challenges in the present era is to design drugs that can specifically target tumor cells not normal cells. In this context, tumor homing peptides have drawn much attention. These peptides are playing a vital role in delivering drugs in tumor tissues with high specificity. In order to provide service to scientific community, we have developed a database of tumor homing peptides called TumorHoPe.TumorHoPe is a manually curated database of experimentally validated tumor homing peptides that specifically recognize tumor cells and tumor associated microenvironment, i.e., angiogenesis. These peptides were collected and compiled from published papers, patents and databases. Current release of TumorHoPe contains 744 peptides. Each entry provides comprehensive information of a peptide that includes its sequence, target tumor, target cell, techniques of identification, peptide receptor, etc. In addition, we have derived various types of information from these peptide sequences that include secondary/tertiary structure, amino acid composition, and physicochemical properties of peptides. Peptides in this database have been found to target different types of tumors that include breast, lung, prostate, melanoma, colon, etc. These peptides have some common motifs including RGD (Arg-Gly-Asp and NGR (Asn-Gly-Arg motifs, which specifically recognize tumor angiogenic markers. TumorHoPe has been integrated with many web-based tools like simple/complex search, database browsing and peptide mapping. These tools allow a user to search tumor homing peptides based on their amino acid composition, charge, polarity, hydrophobicity, etc.TumorHoPe is a unique database of its kind, which provides comprehensive information about experimentally validated tumor homing peptides and their target cells. This database will be very useful in

  17. TC4 AMPR BRIGHTNESS TEMPERATURE (TB) V1

    Data.gov (United States)

    National Aeronautics and Space Administration — The TC4 AMPR Brightness Temperature (TB) dataset consists of brightness temperature data from July 19, 2007 through August 8, 2007. The Tropical Composition, Cloud...

  18. Current developments and future perspectives for TB diagnostics.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Palomino, Juan Carlos

    2012-01-01

    TB persists as a global epidemic with high morbidity and mortality, especially in low-income countries. It is the only infectious disease ever declared as a global emergency by the WHO. The HIV pandemic and the emergence of drug resistance represent two additional obstacles to better control of the disease. Important progress has been made in the last decade in TB diagnostics. Major needs still exist, such as the availability of a real point-of-care test, a better diagnosis of TB in immune-compromised populations and in children, and the possibility to predict progression to disease in latently infected people. This review will summarize the current developments in TB diagnostics and the perspectives for future developments in the field.

  19. What is Multidrug and Extensively Drug Resistant TB?

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... Epidemic Larger than Estimated, American Lung Association Continues Tradition of Funding Research to Investigate TB, Save Lives ... Member Center | RSS | Terms Of Use | Privacy Our Family Of Sites nonprofit software Join the fight for ...

  20. Calculations of the magnetic entropy change in amorphous through a microscopic anisotropic model: Applications to Dy{sub 70}Zr{sub 30} and DyCo{sub 3.4} alloys

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Ranke, P. J. von, E-mail: von.ranke@uol.com.br; Nóbrega, E. P.; Ribeiro, P. O.; Alvarenga, T. S. T.; Lopes, P. H. O.; Sousa, V. S. R. de; Oliveira, N. A. de [Instituto de Física, Universidade do Estado do Rio de Janeiro—UERJ, Rua São Francisco Xavier, 524, 20550-013 Rio de Janeiro (Brazil); Caldas, A. [Sociedade Unificada de Ensino Superior e Cultura, SUESC, 20211-351 Rio de Janeiro (Brazil); Alho, B. P. [Instituto de Aplicação Fernando Rodrigues da Silveira, Universidade do Estado do Rio de Janeiro, Rua Santa Alexandrina, 288, 20260-232 Rio de Janeiro (Brazil); Carvalho, G. [Laboratório Nacional de Luz Sincroton—LNLS, 13083-970 Campinas, São Paulo (Brazil); Magnus, A.

    2014-10-14

    We report theoretical investigations on the magnetocaloric effect, described by the magnetic entropy change in rare earth—transition metal amorphous systems. The model includes the local anisotropy on the rare earth ions in Harris-Plischke-Zuckermann assumptions. The transition metals ions are treated in terms of itinerant electron ferromagnetism and the magnetic moment of rare earth ions is coupled to the polarized d-band by a local exchange interaction. The magnetocaloric effect was calculated in DyCo{sub 3.4} system, which presents amorphous sperimagnetic configuration. The calculations predict higher refrigerant capacity in the amorphous DyCo{sub 3.4} than in DyCo{sub 2} crystal, highlighting the importance of amorphous magnetocaloric materials. Our calculation of the magnetocaloric effect in Dy{sub 70}Zr{sub 30}, which presents amorphous asperomagnetic configuration, is in good agreement with the experimental result. Furthermore, magnetic entropy changes associated with crystal-amorphous configurations change are estimated.

  1. Periodic active case finding for TB: when to look?

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Peter J Dodd

    Full Text Available To investigate the factors influencing the performance and cost-efficacy of periodic rounds of active case finding (ACF for TB.A mathematical model of TB dynamics and periodic ACF (PACF in the HIV era, simplified by assuming constant prevalence of latent TB infection, is analyzed for features that control intervention outcome, measured as cases averted and cases found. Explanatory variables include baseline TB incidence, interval between PACF rounds, and different routine and PACF case-detection rates among HIV-infected and uninfected TB cases.PACF can be cost-saving over a 10 year time frame if the cost-per-round is lower than a threshold proportional to initial incidence and cost-per-case-treated. More cases are averted at higher baseline incidence rates, when more potent PACF strategies are used, intervals between PACF rounds are shorter, and when the ratio of HIV-negative to positive TB cases detected is higher. More costly approaches, e.g. radiographic screening, can be as cost-effective as less costly alternatives if PACF case-detection is higher and/or implementation less frequent.Periodic ACF can both improve control and save medium-term health care costs in high TB burden settings. Greater costs of highly effective PACF at frequent (e.g. yearly intervals may be offset by higher numbers of cases averted in populations with high baseline TB incidence, higher prevalence of HIV-uninfected cases, higher costs per-case-treated, and more effective routine case-detection. Less intensive approaches may still be cost-neutral or cost-saving in populations lacking one or more of these key determinants.

  2. Health Inequities and HIV, Viral Hepatitis, TB, and STDs

    Centers for Disease Control (CDC) Podcasts

    2010-09-15

    Dr. Kevin A. Fenton, Director of CDC's National Center for HIV/AIDS, Viral Hepatitis, STD, and TB Prevention (NCHHSTP), discusses health inequities in the United States and how NCHHSTP research, policies, and programs can address them.  Created: 9/15/2010 by National Center for HIV/AIDS, Viral Hepatitis, STD, and TB Prevention.   Date Released: 9/15/2010.

  3. Medicinal plants used to treat TB in Ghana

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Joseph Mwanzia Nguta

    2015-01-01

    Conclusions: The collected plant species could be a source of a new class of drugs against TB. Bioactivity guided fractionation is recommended to identify lead compounds for antimycobacterial activity. The current paper documents for the first time medicinal plant species used by Ghanaian communities to treat TB. These results are a basis for selection of plants for further pharmacological, toxicological and phytochemical studies in developing new plant-based antimycobacterial drugs.

  4. [Tuberculosis annual report 2009--series 7. Condition of TB (2)].

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-11-01

    We report on the TB surveillance data for 2009 in Japan regarding HIV infection, diabetes, and drug susceptibility test results, which were added to the central TB surveillance database from 2007. In the present TB surveillance system, we cannot obtain reliable data about whether or not HIV tests were done in each case. Thus, we report only the number of TB patients diagnosed as having HIV infection. The number of newly notified TB cases reported as having HIV from 2007-2009 is 176. Of those, 155 (88.1%) were male and 21 (11.9%) were female, and 39 (22.2%) were foreigners. The frequency of TB-associated diabetes in newly notified TB cases in 2009 was 12.6% (3,043/24,170) in total, 14.5% in males, and 9.5% in females. Drug susceptibility test results were obtained in 6,920 culture-positive pulmonary TB cases through the surveillance system in 2009. This figure accounted for 63.5% of all culture-positive pulmonary cases. In primary cases, the frequencies of MDR, any INH resistance, and any RFP resistance were 0.5%, 4.4%, and 0.8%, respectively, and in re-treatment cases, they were 3.6%, 11.6%, and 5.0%, respectively. In primary pulmonary cases theses drug resistance rates have been stable over this 3-year period (2007-2009), but in pulmonary cases undergoing re-treatment, the frequency has decreased (for example, the MDR rate in re-treatment pulmonary cases was 7.2% in 2007, 5.1% in 2008, and 3.6% in 2009). Of all MDR pulmonary cases, 17.9% (10/56) were foreigners in 2009.

  5. Management of MDR-TB in HIV co-infected patients in eastern europe

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Efsen, A M W; Schultze, A; Miller, R F

    2017-01-01

    OBJECTIVES: Mortality among HIV patients with tuberculosis (TB) remains high in Eastern Europe (EE), but details of TB and HIV management remain scarce. METHODS: In this prospective study, we describe the TB treatment regimens of patients with multi-drug resistant (MDR) TB and use of antiretrovir...

  6. The progression of tb diagnosis in the hiv era: from microscopes to ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    multicentre TB diagnostic trials and a part-time lecturer in the Department of Medicine, University of Cape Town. ... continued clinical skill to enhance and individualise TB management. From microscopy to molecules for the frontline diagnosis of TB. TB, with its wide range of ..... diagnostic yield, e.g. lymph node aspirate.

  7. Multidrug-resistant TB in Zambia: review of national data from 2000 to 2011

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Kapata, Nathan; Chanda-Kapata, Pascalina; Bates, Matthew; Mwaba, Peter; Cobelens, Frank; Grobusch, Martin P.; Zumla, Alimuddin

    2013-01-01

    Multidrug-resistant tuberculosis (MDR-TB) is posing a great threat to global TB control. The burden in Zambia is not well defined because routine surveillance data are scarce. We reviewed national MDR-TB data for the last decade to inform future public health policy with respect to MDR-TB in Zambia.

  8. Assessing spatial heterogeneity of MDR-TB in a high burden country

    Science.gov (United States)

    Jenkins, Helen E.; Plesca, Valeriu; Ciobanu, Anisoara; Crudu, Valeriu; Galusca, Irina; Soltan, Viorel; Serbulenco, Aliona; Zignol, Matteo; Dadu, Andrei; Dara, Masoud; Cohen, Ted

    2013-01-01

    Multidrug-resistant tuberculosis (MDR-TB) is a major concern in countries of the former Soviet Union. The reported risk of resistance among TB cases in the Republic of Moldova is among the highest in the world. We aimed to produce high-resolution spatial maps of MDR-TB risk and burden in this setting. We analyzed national TB surveillance data collected between 2007 and 2010 in Moldova. High drug susceptibility testing coverage and detailed location data permitted identification of sub-regional areas of higher MDR-TB risk. We investigated whether the distribution of cases with MDR-TB risk factors could explain this observed spatial variation in MDR-TB. 3,447 MDR-TB cases were notified during this period; 24% of new and 62% of previously treated patients had MDR-TB. Nationally, the estimated annual MDR-TB incidence was 54 cases/100,000 persons and >1,000 cases/100,000 persons within penitentiaries. We identified substantial geographic variation in MDR-TB burden and hotspots of MDR-TB. Locations with a higher percentage of previously incarcerated TB cases were at greater risk of being MDR-TB hotspots. Spatial analyses revealed striking geographic heterogeneity of MDR-TB. Methods to identify locations of high MDR-TB risk and burden should allow for better resource allocation and more appropriate targeting of studies to understand local mechanisms driving resistance. PMID:23100496

  9. Nationwide HIV-, MDR-TB survey in Japan and collaborative study in the Philippines

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Toshio Hattori

    2016-01-01

    Conclusion: Very low numbers of TB or HIV patients have been observed in Japan. An increasing number of foreign-born MDR-TB patients in the country was found. To combat against these global epidemics, an international collaboration against HIV-TB/MDR-TB is needed.

  10. Semi-Analytic Solution of HIV and TB Co-Infection Model | Bolarin ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    The result of the numerical simulation shows that at high HIV and TB treatment rates; TB, AIDS and HIV/TB co-infection will be eradicated completely in the population. Also, early detection of HIV and TB cases and provision of early treatments can reduce the rate of infection, reduce the rate of progression of HIV infected ...

  11. Poverty and the economic effects of TB in rural China.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Jackson, S; Sleigh, A C; Wang, G J; Liu, X L

    2006-10-01

    To investigate the economic effects of illness on individual tuberculosis (TB) cases in rural China and to use a case-control study to show a strong TB-poverty link. In 2002-2004 we studied 160 new smear-positive pulmonary tuberculosis (PTB) cases and 320 age- and sex-matched controls living in neighbouring houses in four rural counties of Henan Province. Cases and controls were interviewed 1-3 months after patients were diagnosed. We used matched multivariate logistic regression to compare cases with controls for poverty status using household income, household assets and relative wealth within the village. We conducted follow-up interviews of patients 10-12 months later to assess economic effects by collecting data on treatment costs, income losses, coping strategies and treatment completion. Poverty is strongly associated with TB incidence even after controlling for smoking and other risk factors. Excluding income losses, direct out-of-pocket treatment costs (medical and non-medical) accounted for 55.5% of average annual household income, and most TB cases fell into heavy debt. The DOTS cure rate was 91%. When DOTS was incomplete or not done, mortality was high. Poverty is both a cause and a devastating outcome of TB. Ongoing poverty reduction schemes in China must also include reducing TB.

  12. Blue-yellow photoluminescence from Ce{sup 3+} {yields} Dy{sup 3+} energy transfer in HfO{sub 2}:Ce{sup 3+}:Dy{sup 3+} films deposited by ultrasonic spray pyrolysis

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Martinez-Martinez, R. [Instituto de Fisica y Matematicas, Universidad Tecnologica de la Mixteca, Carretera a Acatlima Km. 2.5, Huajuapan de Leon, Oaxaca 69000 (Mexico); Lira, A.C. [Unidad Academica Profesional Nezahualcoyotl, Universidad Autonoma del Estado de Mexico, Av. Bordo de Xochiaca s/n, Nezahualcoyotl, Estado de Mexico 57000 (Mexico); Speghini, A. [DiSTeMeV, Universita di Verona, and INSTM, UdR Verona, Via Della Pieve 70, I-37029 San Floriano (Verona) (Italy); Falcony, C. [Departamento de Fisica, Universidad Autonoma Metropolitana-Iztapalapa, P.O. Box 55-534, Mexico, D.F. 09340 (Mexico); Caldino, U., E-mail: cald@xanum.uam.mx [Departamento de Fisica, Universidad Autonoma Metropolitana-Iztapalapa, P.O. Box 55-534, Mexico, D.F. 09340 (Mexico)

    2011-02-10

    Research highlights: > A blue-yellow emission phosphor excited with UV radiation can be manufactured with CeCl{sub 3} and DyCl{sub 3} doped HfO{sub 2} films deposited at 300 deg. C by the ultrasonic spray pyrolysis technique. > The addition of DyCl{sub 3} in the HfO{sub 2}:CeCl{sub 3} film leads to a non-radiative energy transfer from Ce{sup 3+} to Dy{sup 3+} under Ce{sup 3+} excitation at 280 nm. > The efficiency of this transfer increases up to 86 {+-} 3% for the film with the highest Dy{sup 3+} content. > The possibility of achieving the coordinates of ideal white light with increasing the concentration of dysprosium is demonstrated. - Abstract: HfO{sub 2} films codoped with Ce{sup 3+} and several concentrations of Dy{sup 3+} have been processed by the ultrasonic spray pyrolysis technique. Emissions from Dy{sup 3+} ions centred at 480 and 575 nm associated with the {sup 4}F{sub 9/2} {yields} {sup 6}H{sub 15/2} and {sup 4}F{sub 9/2} {yields} {sup 6}H{sub 13/2} transitions, respectively, have been observed upon UV excitation via a non-radiative energy transfer from Ce{sup 3+} to Dy{sup 3+} ions. Such energy transfer via an electric dipole-quadrupole interaction appears to be the most probable transfer mechanism. The efficiency of this transfer increases up to 86 {+-} 3% for the film with the highest Dy{sup 3+} content (1.9 {+-} 0.1 at.% as measured from EDS). The possibility of achieving the coordinates of ideal white light with increasing the concentration of dysprosium is demonstrated.

  13. Temperature evolution of magnetic structure of HoFeO3 by single crystal neutron diffraction

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    T. Chatterji

    2017-04-01

    Full Text Available We have investigated the temperature evolution of the magnetic structures of HoFeO3 by single crystal neutron diffraction. The three different magnetic structures werevfound as a function of temperature for HoFeO3. In all three phases the fundamental coupling between the Fe sub-lattices remains the same and only their orientation and the degree of canting away from the ideal axial direction varies. The magnetic polarisation of the Ho sub-lattices in these two higher temperature regions, in which the major components of the Fe moment lie along x and y, is very small. The canting of the moments from the axial directions is attributed to the antisymmetric interactions allowed by the crystal symmetry. In the low temperature phase two further structural transitions are apparent in which the spontaneous magnetisation changes sign with respect to the underlying antiferromagnetic configuration. In this temperature range the antisymmetric exchange energy varies rapidly as the the Ho sub-lattices begin to order. So long as the ordered Ho moments are small the antisymmetric exchange is due only to Fe-Fe interactions, but as the degree of Ho order increases the Fe-Ho interactions take over whilst at the lowest temperatures, when the Ho moments approach saturation the Ho-Ho interactions dominate. The reversals of the spontaneous magnetisation found in this study suggest that in HoFeO3 the sums of the Fe-Fe and Ho-Ho antisymmetric interactions have the same sign as one another, but that of the Ho-Fe terms is opposite.

  14. The experience of implementing a 'TB village' for a pastoralist population in Cherrati, Ethiopia.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Tayler-Smith, K; Khogali, M; Keiluhu, K; Jemmy, J-P; Ayada, L; Weyeyso, T; Issa, A M; De Maio, G; Harries, A D; Zachariah, R

    2011-10-01

    In Cherrati District, Somali Regional State (SRS), Ethiopia, despite a high burden of tuberculosis (TB), TB control activities are virtually absent. The majority of the population is pastoralist with a mobile lifestyle. TB care and treatment were offered using a 'TB village' approach that included traditional style residential care, community empowerment and awareness raising, provision of essential social amenities and essential food and non-food items. To describe 1) key aspects of the implementation of the TB village approach, 2) TB treatment outcomes and 3) the lessons learnt during implementation. Descriptive study. A total of 297 patients entered the TB village between September 2006 and October 2008; 271 (91%) patients were treated successfully, nine (3%) defaulted and 13 (4%) died. For pastoralist populations, a TB village approach may be effective for improving access to TB care, ensuring proper adherence to treatment and achieving good overall TB outcomes. The successes and challenges of this approach are discussed.

  15. Pastoralism and delay in diagnosis of TB in Ethiopia

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gele, Abdi A; Bjune, Gunnar; Abebe, Fekadu

    2009-01-01

    Background Tuberculosis (TB) is a major public health problem in the Horn of Africa with Ethiopia being the most affected where TB cases increase at the rate of 2.6% each year. One of the main contributing factors for this rise is increasing transmission due to large number of untreated patients, serving as reservoirs of the infection within the communities. Reduction of the time between onset of TB symptoms to diagnosis is therefore a prerequisite to bring the TB epidemic under control. The aim of this study was to measure duration of delay among pastoralist TB patients at TB management units in Somali Regional State (SRS) of Ethiopia. Methods A cross sectional study of 226 TB patients with pastoralist identity was conducted in SRS of Ethiopia from June to September 2007. Patients were interviewed using questionnaire based interview. Time between onset of TB symptoms and first visit to a professional health care provider (patient delay), and the time between first visits to the professional health care provider to the date of diagnosis (medical provider's delay) were analyzed. Both pulmonary and extrapulmonary TB patients were included in the study. Result A total of 226 pastoralist TB patients were included in this study; 93 (41.2%) were nomadic pastoralists and 133 (58.8%) were agro-pastoralists. Median patient delay was found to be 60 days with range of 10–1800 days (83 days for nomadic pastoralists and 57 days for agro-pastoralists). Median health care provider's delay was 6 days and median total delay was 70 days in this study. Patient delay constituted 86% of the total delay. In multivariate logistic regression analysis, nomadic pastoralism (aOR. 2.69, CI 1.47–4.91) and having low biomedical knowledge on TB (aOR. 2.02, CI 1.02–3.98) were significantly associated with prolonged patient delay. However, the only observed risk factor for very long patient delay >120 days was distance to health facility (aOR.4.23, CI 1.32–13.54). Extra-pulmonary TB was

  16. Pastoralism and delay in diagnosis of TB in Ethiopia

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Abebe Fekadu

    2009-01-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background Tuberculosis (TB is a major public health problem in the Horn of Africa with Ethiopia being the most affected where TB cases increase at the rate of 2.6% each year. One of the main contributing factors for this rise is increasing transmission due to large number of untreated patients, serving as reservoirs of the infection within the communities. Reduction of the time between onset of TB symptoms to diagnosis is therefore a prerequisite to bring the TB epidemic under control. The aim of this study was to measure duration of delay among pastoralist TB patients at TB management units in Somali Regional State (SRS of Ethiopia. Methods A cross sectional study of 226 TB patients with pastoralist identity was conducted in SRS of Ethiopia from June to September 2007. Patients were interviewed using questionnaire based interview. Time between onset of TB symptoms and first visit to a professional health care provider (patient delay, and the time between first visits to the professional health care provider to the date of diagnosis (medical provider's delay were analyzed. Both pulmonary and extrapulmonary TB patients were included in the study. Result A total of 226 pastoralist TB patients were included in this study; 93 (41.2% were nomadic pastoralists and 133 (58.8% were agro-pastoralists. Median patient delay was found to be 60 days with range of 10–1800 days (83 days for nomadic pastoralists and 57 days for agro-pastoralists. Median health care provider's delay was 6 days and median total delay was 70 days in this study. Patient delay constituted 86% of the total delay. In multivariate logistic regression analysis, nomadic pastoralism (aOR. 2.69, CI 1.47–4.91 and having low biomedical knowledge on TB (aOR. 2.02, CI 1.02–3.98 were significantly associated with prolonged patient delay. However, the only observed risk factor for very long patient delay >120 days was distance to health facility (aOR.4.23, CI 1.32–13.54. Extra

  17. A novel yellowish white Dy3+ activated α-Al2O3 phosphor: Photoluminescence and optical studies

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kumar, Sandeep; Prakash, Ram; Kumar, Vinay

    2015-05-01

    Trivalent Dy doped α-Al2O3 phosphor was synthesized by low temperature solution combustion method using urea as fuel. The phosphor was well characterized by X-ray diffraction (XRD), photoluminescence (PL) spectroscopy and diffused reflectance spectroscopy (DRS). XRD study confirmed the hexagonal structure of Dy3+ doped α-Al2O3 as prepared phosphor. Under various ultraviolet (UV) excitations (353 nm, 367 nm and 325 nm), α-Al2O3:Dy3+ phosphor exhibits the characteristic emission bands centered at 490 nm, 589 nm and 670 nm, resulting from the 4F9/2-6HJ/2 (J = 15, 13, 11) transitions of Dy3+, respectively. The observed CIE coordinates (x, y) as (0.373, 0.379) corresponds to the shade of yellowish white in color gamut. The bandgap was calculated using diffused reflectance (DR) spectrum and it was estimated around 5.9 eV.

  18. Comparison of the Solid Solution Properties of Mg-RE (Gd, Dy, Y Alloys with Atomistic Simulation

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Yurong Wu

    2008-01-01

    Full Text Available Molecular dynamic simulations have been performed to study the solid solution mechanism of Mg100-xREx (RE=Gd,Dy,Y, x=0.5,1,2,3,4  at.%. The obtained results reveal that the additions of Gd, Dy and Y increase the lattice constants of Mg-RE alloys. Also the axis ratio c/a remains unchanged with increase in temperature, restraining the occurrence of nonbasal slip and twinning. Furthermore, it is confirmed that bulk modulus of Mg alloys can be increased remarkably by adding the Gd, Dy, Y, especially Gd, because the solid solubility of Gd in Mg decrease sharply with temperature in comparison with Dy and Y. Consequently, the addition of the RE can enhance the strength of Mg-based alloys, which is in agreement with the experimental results.

  19. Thermoluminescent response of CaSO{sub 4}: Dy + PTFE to beta particles; Respuesta termoluminiscente de CaSO{sub 4}: Dy + PTFE a particulas beta

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Aguirre C, A.; Azorin N, J. [Colegio de Bachilleres No. 13, Xochimilco-Tepepan, 16000 Mexico D.F. (Mexico)

    2000-07-01

    In this work the results of studying the thermoluminescent properties of CaSO{sub 4}: Dy + PTFE are presented when it is irradiated with beta particles. The conclusion was the obtention of the Tl response curve in function of dose is that to desexcite the dosemeters at temperature 300 C during 30 minutes and after that were irradiated at different times in groups and to do the reading of dosemeter, it can be observed that a greater irradiation time major is the Tl response and this depends of the material has been used. (Author)

  20. Treating the invisible: Gaps and opportunities for enhanced TB control along the Thailand-Myanmar border.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Tschirhart, Naomi; Thi, Sein Sein; Swe, Lei Lei; Nosten, Francois; Foster, Angel M

    2017-01-13

    In Thailand's northwestern Tak province, contextual conditions along the border with Myanmar pose difficulties for TB control among migrant populations. Incomplete surveillance data, migrant patient mobility, and loss to follow-up make it difficult to estimate the TB burden and implement effective TB control measures. This multi-methods study examined tuberculosis, tuberculosis and human immunodeficiency virus co-infection, and multidrug-resistant tuberculosis treatment accessibility for migrants and refugees in Tak province, health system response, and public health surveillance. In this study we conducted 13 interviews with key informants working in public health or TB treatment provision to elicit information on TB treatment availability and TB surveillance practices. In addition we organized 15 focus group discussions with refugee and migrant TB, TB/HIV, and MDR-TB patients and non-patients to discuss treatment access. We analyzed the data using thematic analysis and created treatment availability maps with Google maps. The study identified surveillance, treatment, and funding gaps. Migrant TB cases are underreported in the provincial statistics due to jurisdictional interpretations and resource barriers. Our results suggest that TB/HIV and MDR-TB treatment options are limited for migrants and a heavy reliance on donor funding may lead to potential funding gaps for migrant TB services. We identified several opportunities that positively contribute to TB control in Tak province: improved diagnostics, comprehensive care, and collaboration through data sharing, planning, and patient referrals. The various organizations providing TB treatment to migrant and refugee populations along the border and the Tak Provincial Public Health Office are highly collaborative which offers a strong foundation for future TB control initiatives. Our findings suggest the need to enhance the surveillance system to include all migrant TB patients who seek treatment in Tak province and

  1. Production and validation of model iron-tannate dyed textiles for use as historic textile substitutes in stabilisation treatment studies

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Wilson Helen

    2012-05-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background For millennia, iron-tannate dyes have been used to colour ceremonial and domestic objects shades of black, grey, or brown. Surviving iron-tannate dyed objects are part of our cultural heritage but their existence is threatened by the dye itself which can accelerate oxidation and acid hydrolysis of the substrate. This causes many iron-tannate dyed textiles to discolour and decrease in tensile strength and flexibility at a faster rate than equivalent undyed textiles. The current lack of suitable stabilisation treatments means that many historic iron-tannate dyed objects are rapidly crumbling to dust with the knowledge and value they hold being lost forever. This paper describes the production, characterisation, and validation of model iron-tannate dyed textiles as substitutes for historic iron-tannate dyed textiles in the development of stabilisation treatments. Spectrophotometry, surface pH, tensile testing, SEM-EDX, and XRF have been used to characterise the model textiles. Results On application to textiles, the model dyes imparted mid to dark blue-grey colouration, an immediate tensile strength loss of the textiles and an increase in surface acidity. The dyes introduced significant quantities of iron into the textiles which was distributed in the exterior and interior of the cotton, abaca, and silk fibres but only in the exterior of the wool fibres. As seen with historic iron-tannate dyed objects, the dyed cotton, abaca, and silk textiles lost tensile strength faster and more significantly than undyed equivalents during accelerated thermal ageing and all of the dyed model textiles, most notably the cotton, discoloured more than the undyed equivalents on ageing. Conclusions The abaca, cotton, and silk model textiles are judged to be suitable for use as substitutes for cultural heritage materials in the testing of stabilisation treatments.

  2. Production and validation of model iron-tannate dyed textiles for use as historic textile substitutes in stabilisation treatment studies

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-01-01

    Background For millennia, iron-tannate dyes have been used to colour ceremonial and domestic objects shades of black, grey, or brown. Surviving iron-tannate dyed objects are part of our cultural heritage but their existence is threatened by the dye itself which can accelerate oxidation and acid hydrolysis of the substrate. This causes many iron-tannate dyed textiles to discolour and decrease in tensile strength and flexibility at a faster rate than equivalent undyed textiles. The current lack of suitable stabilisation treatments means that many historic iron-tannate dyed objects are rapidly crumbling to dust with the knowledge and value they hold being lost forever. This paper describes the production, characterisation, and validation of model iron-tannate dyed textiles as substitutes for historic iron-tannate dyed textiles in the development of stabilisation treatments. Spectrophotometry, surface pH, tensile testing, SEM-EDX, and XRF have been used to characterise the model textiles. Results On application to textiles, the model dyes imparted mid to dark blue-grey colouration, an immediate tensile strength loss of the textiles and an increase in surface acidity. The dyes introduced significant quantities of iron into the textiles which was distributed in the exterior and interior of the cotton, abaca, and silk fibres but only in the exterior of the wool fibres. As seen with historic iron-tannate dyed objects, the dyed cotton, abaca, and silk textiles lost tensile strength faster and more significantly than undyed equivalents during accelerated thermal ageing and all of the dyed model textiles, most notably the cotton, discoloured more than the undyed equivalents on ageing. Conclusions The abaca, cotton, and silk model textiles are judged to be suitable for use as substitutes for cultural heritage materials in the testing of stabilisation treatments. PMID:22616934

  3. Bayesian adaptive randomization in a clinical trial to identify new regimens for MDR-TB: the endTB trial.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cellamare, M; Milstein, M; Ventz, S; Baudin, E; Trippa, L; Mitnick, C D

    2016-12-01

    Evidence-based optimization of treatment for multidrug-resistant tuberculosis (MDR-TB), including integration of new drugs, is urgent. Such optimization would benefit from efficient trial designs requiring fewer patients. Implementation of such innovative designs could accelerate improvements in and access to MDR-TB treatment. To describe the application, advantages, and challenges of Bayesian adaptive randomization in a Phase III non-inferiority trial of MDR-TB treatment. endTB is the first Phase III non-inferiority trial of MDR-TB treatment to use Bayesian adaptive randomization. We present a simulation study with assumptions for treatment response at 8, 39, and 73 weeks after randomization, on which sample size calculations are based. We show differences between Bayesian adaptive randomization and balanced randomization designs in sample size and number of patients exposed to ineffective regimens. With 750 participants, 27% fewer than required by balanced randomization, the study had 80% power to detect up to two (of five) novel treatment regimens that are non-inferior (margin 12%) to the control (70% estimated efficacy) at 73 weeks post randomization. Comparing Bayesian adaptive randomization to balanced randomization, up to 25% more participants would receive non-inferior regimens. Bayesian adaptive randomization may expose fewer participants to ineffective treatments and enhance the efficiency of MDR-TB treatment trials.

  4. Thermal decompositions of heavy lanthanide aconitates

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Brzyska, W.; Ozga, W. (Uniwersytet Marii Curie-Sklodowskiej, Lublin (Poland))

    The conditions of thermal decomposition of Tb(III), Dy, Ho, Er, Tm, Yb and Lu aconitates have been studied. On heating, the aconitates of heavy lanthanides lose crystallization water to yield anhydrous salts, which are then transformed into oxides. The aconitate of Tb(III) decomposes in two stages. First, the complex undergoes dehydration to form the anhydrous salt, which next decomposes directly to Tb/sub 4/O/sub 7/. The aconitates of Dy, Ho, Er, Tm, Yb and Lu decompose in three stages. On heating, the hydrated complexes lose crystallization water, yielding the anhydrous complexes; these subsequently decompose to Ln/sub 2/O/sub 3/ with intermediate formation of Ln/sub 2/O/sub 2/CO/sub 3/.

  5. Physical and electrical characteristics of metal/Dy{sub 2}O{sub 3}/p-GaAs structure

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Saghrouni, H., E-mail: hayet_sagrouni@yahoo.fr [Université de Sousse, Laboratoire Energie-Matériaux, Ecole Supérieure des Sciences et de la Technologie, Rue Lamine Abessi, 4011 Hammam Sousse (Tunisia); Université de Sousse, Laboratoire Energie-Matériaux, Groupe de Recherche Nano-Matériaux pour les Télécommunications, Institut Supérieur d’informatique et des Techniques de Communications, Gp1 4011 Hammam Sousse (Tunisia); Jomni, S.; Belgacem, W. [Laboratoire de matériaux, organisation et proprieties, Faculté des Sciences de Tunis, Université de Tunis El Manar (Tunisia); Hamdaoui, N. [Université de Sousse, Laboratoire Energie-Matériaux, Ecole Supérieure des Sciences et de la Technologie, Rue Lamine Abessi, 4011 Hammam Sousse (Tunisia); Beji, L. [Université de Sousse, Laboratoire Energie-Matériaux, Ecole Supérieure des Sciences et de la Technologie, Rue Lamine Abessi, 4011 Hammam Sousse (Tunisia); Université de Sousse, Laboratoire Energie-Matériaux, Groupe de Recherche Nano-Matériaux pour les Télécommunications, Institut Supérieur d’informatique et des Techniques de Communications, Gp1 4011 Hammam Sousse (Tunisia)

    2014-07-01

    This paper describes the effect of post-deposition annealing on the physical and electrical characteristics of high-k Dy{sub 2}O{sub 3} dielectric films deposited at 250 °C on p-GaAs substrate by electron beam deposition under ultra vacuum. The morphological and structural features of Dy{sub 2}O{sub 3} layer before and after postdeposition annealing were studied by atomic force microscopy (AFM) and X-ray diffraction (XRD). The surface topography analysis reveals that the Dy{sub 2}O{sub 3} film is granular, and contains numerous contacts between columnar grains. While investigating the electrical properties Dy{sub 2}O{sub 3} oxide, the current–voltage characteristics I(V) suggest a Poole–Frenkel (PF) type mechanism of carrier transport for as-deposited and annealed layers. A deviation from the PF leakage current course was found and attributed to the current carrier trapping. The ac impedance properties of the structures have been studied in a wide frequency range at different bias voltage. The Dy{sub 2}O{sub 3} annealed exhibited excellent electrical properties such as small density of interface state and low leakage current. This phenomenon is attributed to a rather crystallized Dy{sub 2}O{sub 3} structure and the reduction of the defects at the oxide/GaAs interface.

  6. Optical thermometry based on luminescence behavior of Dy{sup 3+}-doped transparent LaF{sub 3} glass ceramics

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Bu, Y.Y. [Nanjing University of Posts and Telecommunications, College of Electronic Science and Engineering, Nanjing (China); Nanjing University of Posts and Telecommunications, College of Science, Nanjing (China); Cheng, S.J.; Wang, X.F. [Nanjing University of Posts and Telecommunications, College of Electronic Science and Engineering, Nanjing (China); Key Laboratory of Radio Frequency and Micro-Nano Electronics of Jiangsu Province, Nanjing, Jiangsu (China); Yan, X.H. [Nanjing University of Posts and Telecommunications, College of Electronic Science and Engineering, Nanjing (China); Key Laboratory of Radio Frequency and Micro-Nano Electronics of Jiangsu Province, Nanjing, Jiangsu (China); Nanjing University of Aeronautics and Astronautics, College of Science, Nanjing (China)

    2015-11-15

    Dy{sup 3+}-doped transparent LaF{sub 3} glass ceramics were fabricated, and its structures of resulting glass ceramics are studied by the X-ray diffraction and transmission electron microscopy. Optical temperature sensing of the resulting glass ceramics in the temperature range from 298 to 523 K is studied based on the down-conversion luminescence of Dy{sup 3+} ion. By using fluorescence intensity ratio method, the {sup 4}I{sub 15/2} and {sup 4}F{sub 9/2} of Dy{sup 3+} ions are verified as thermally coupled levels. A minimum S{sub R} = 1.16 x 10{sup -4} K{sup -1} is obtained at T = 294 K. By doping Eu{sup 3+} ion, the overall emission color of Eu{sup 3+}-Dy{sup 3+} co-doped transparent glass ceramics can be tuned from white to yellow with the temperature increase through energy transfer between Eu{sup 3+} and Dy{sup 3+}. Additionally, the thermal stability of the Dy{sup 3+} single-doped transparent glass ceramics becomes higher after doping Eu{sup 3+} ion. (orig.)

  7. Thermoelectric properties of Ca0.8Dy0.2MnO3 synthesized by solution combustion process

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Park Kyeongsoon

    2011-01-01

    Full Text Available Abstract High-quality Ca0.8Dy0.2MnO3 nano-powders were synthesized by the solution combustion process. The size of the synthesized Ca0.8Dy0.2MnO3 powders was approximately 23 nm. The green pellets were sintered at 1150-1300°C at a step size of 50°C. Sintered Ca0.8Dy0.2MnO3 bodies crystallized in the perovskite structure with an orthorhombic symmetry. The sintering temperature did not affect the Seebeck coefficient, but significantly affected the electrical conductivity. The electrical conductivity of Ca0.8Dy0.2MnO3 increased with increasing temperature, indicating a semiconducting behavior. The absolute value of the Seebeck coefficient gradually increased with an increase in temperature. The highest power factor (3.7 × 10-5 Wm-1 K-2 at 800°C was obtained for Ca0.8Dy0.2MnO3 sintered at 1,250°C. In this study, we investigated the microstructure and thermoelectric properties of Ca0.8Dy0.2MnO3, depending on sintering temperature.

  8. Structure, morphology and optical characterization of Dy3+-doped BaYF5 nanocrystals for warm white light emitting devices

    Science.gov (United States)

    Haritha, P.; Martín, I. R.; Dwaraka Viswanath, C. S.; Vijaya, N.; Venkata Krishnaiah, K.; Jayasankar, C. K.; Haranath, D.; Lavín, V.; Venkatramu, V.

    2017-08-01

    The barium yttrium fluoride BaYF5 nanocrystalline powders doped with different concentrations of Dy3+ ions have been synthesized via a hydrothermal method and studied their structural, morphological, thermal, vibrational, and optical properties. These nanopowders have been crystallized in a single phase of the tetragonal structure with the average size of around 30 nm having spherical shape in morphology. Upon excitations at 350 and 387 nm, Dy3+ -doped BaYF5 nanocrystals exhibit strong blue and yellow emissions ascribed to the 4F9/2 → 6H15/2 and 4F9/2 → 6H13/2 transitions, respectively. Decay curves of the 4F9/2 level of Dy3+ ion in BaYF5 nanocrystals exhibit non-exponential nature due to the dipole-dipole interaction between Dy3+ ions, confirmed by Inokuti-Hirayama model. The quantum yield for these nanocrystals have been found to be increased from 4.64% to 11.61% as the concentration of Dy3+ ions increases from 1.0 mol% to 2.0 mol% and then decreased to 10.68% as the dopant concentration increased to 5.0 mol%. Moreover, color coordinates and correlated color temperatures have been evaluated as a function of concentration and excitation wavelength and found to be in the warm white light region for all Dy3+ concentrations.

  9. Thermoluminescent response of CaSO{sub 4}:Dy+PTFE induced by X-ray beams

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Hernandez, L. [Centro de Investigacion en Ciencia Aplicada y Tecnologia Avanzada-Legaria, IPN. Av. Legaria 694 C.P. 11500 Mexico D.F. (Mexico); Rivera, T., E-mail: trivera@ipn.mx [Centro de Investigacion en Ciencia Aplicada y Tecnologia Avanzada-Legaria, IPN. Av. Legaria 694 C.P. 11500 Mexico D.F. (Mexico); Jimenez, Y.; Alvarez, R.; Zeferino, J.; Vazquez, A. [Centro de Investigacion en Ciencia Aplicada y Tecnologia Avanzada-Legaria, IPN. Av. Legaria 694 C.P. 11500 Mexico D.F. (Mexico); Azorin, J. [Universidad Autonoma Metropolitana-Iztapalapa. Av. San Rafael Atlixco 186, C.P. 09340 Mexico D.F. (Mexico)

    2012-07-15

    The aim of the present work was to evaluate the feasibility of the utilization of CaSO{sub 4}:Dy pellets for X-ray measurements in a general radiology department. Thermoluminescence (TL) response of CaSO{sub 4}:Dy+PTFE was compared to the TL response of commercial LiF:Mg,Ti (TLD-100) samples. TL pellets were exposed to X-ray beam from X-ray machine CMR for clinical diagnosis purpose. The calibration curve of CaSO{sub 4}:Dy+PTFE was obtained and it showed a linear response as a function of absorbed dose in air at the studied dose interval. Despite this fact, this material can be used for X-ray beams measurements if appropriate calibration procedures are performed. - Highlights: Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer Developing of CaSO{sub 4}:Dy to quasimono-energetic X-ray low energy dosimetry. Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer Thermoluminescent response of caSO{sub 4}:Dy to X-ray low dose. Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer TL characteristics of CaSO{sub 4}:Dy for X-ray beam quality control.

  10. X-ray magnetic circular dichroism study of Dy-doped Bi2Te3 topological insulator thin films

    Science.gov (United States)

    Figueroa, A. I.; Baker, A. A.; Harrison, S. E.; Kummer, K.; van der Laan, G.; Hesjedal, T.

    2017-01-01

    Magnetic doping of topological insulators (TIs) is crucial for unlocking novel quantum phenomena, paving the way for spintronics applications. Recently, we have shown that doping with rare earth ions introduces large magnetic moments and allows for high doping concentrations without the loss of crystal quality, however no long range magnetic order was observed. In Dy-doped Bi2Te3 we found a band gap opening above a critical doping concentration, despite the paramagnetic bulk behavior. Here, we present a surface-sensitive x-ray magnetic circular dichroism (XMCD) study of an in situ cleaved film in the cleanest possible environment. The Dy M4,5 absorption spectra measured with circularly polarized x-rays are fitted using multiplet calculations to obtain the effective magnetic moment. Arrott-Noakes plots, measured by the Dy M5 XMCD as a function of field at low temperatures, give a negative transition temperature. The evaporation of a ferromagnetic Co thin film did not introduce ferromagnetic ordering of the Dy dopants either; instead a lowering of the transition temperature was observed, pointing towards an antiferromagnetic ordering scenario. This result shows that there is a competition between the magnetic exchange interaction and the Zeeman interaction. The latter favors the Co and Dy magnetic moments to be both aligned along the direction of the applied magnetic field, while the exchange interaction is minimized if the Dy and Co atoms are antiferromagnetically coupled, as in zero applied field.

  11. ASSESSMENT OF EFFECT OF MDR - TB/TB ON SOCIAL, FUNCTIONAL AND ECONOMIC WELL BEING OF PATIENTS – A CROSS SECTIONAL STUDY

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Shiv Kumar

    2015-06-01

    Full Text Available CONTEXT : Tuberculosis is a contagious disease with social stigma attached to it. Various problems which are social and economic in nature are faced by TB patient. Therefore , it is essential to explore the overall effect of MDR - TB/TB on health and patients perception of Well - being. AIMS : To Document the effect of MDR - TB/TB on social , functional and economic well - being of patients. SETTINGS AND DESIGN : A Cross - sectional study , Conveniently Recruited 68 MDR - TB Patients and 136 non - MDR - TB Patients (from Rural as well as urban Area of Surat District diagnosed by CBNAAT were interviewed for investigating the effect of Tuberculosis. METHODS AND MATERIAL : A pre - tested standardized semi - structured questionnaire was used. Data was collected about socio - demographic profile of patients and interpreted in table. Data about effect of MDR - TB/TB was collected on Likert Scale and Frequency was calculated and Data wa s plotted on multiple bar charts. RESULTS : As compared to healthy status in the past , 93% MDR - TB and 82% TB patients have decreased ability to do work , about half of MDR - TB Patients and TB Patients have detiorated relations with family members , 67% of stud y participants have developed disharmonious relations with neighbor’s , 55% of Study participants have decreased income , 88% of study participants have decreased performance in day to day activities and 78% of study participants have faced discordial and di srespectful behavior from co - workers. CONCLUSION : Working ability more detiorated in MDR - TB patients while rest of the effect on social , functional and economic well - being is same in both TB and Multi Drug Resistant TB patients. This study emphasizes very clearly that social stigma still persist in community about Tuberculosis which needs to be eliminated in community by behavior change communication by health workers at all levels of health care.

  12. Synthesis, Crystal Structure, and Magnetic Properties of Giant Unit Cell Intermetallics R117Co52+δSn112+γ (R = Y, La, Pr, Nd, Ho

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ping Chai

    2016-12-01

    Full Text Available Ternary intermetallics R117Co52+δSn112+γ (R = Y, La, Pr, Nd, and Ho have been prepared by arc-melting followed by annealing at 800 °C. All the compounds belong to the Tb117Fe52Ge112 structure type (space group Fm 3 ¯ m characterized by a complex giant cubic unit cell with a ~ 30 Å. The single-crystal structure determination of Y- and La-containing compounds reveals a significant structural disorder. A comparison of these and earlier reported crystal structures of R117Co52+δSn112+γ suggests that more extensive disorder occurs for structures that contain larger lanthanide atoms. This observation can be explained by the need to maintain optimal bonding interactions as the size of the unit cell increases. Y117Co56Sn115 exhibits weak paramagnetism due to the Co sublattice and does not show magnetic ordering in the 1.8–300 K range. Ho117Co55Sn108 shows ferromagnetic ordering at 10.6 K. Both Pr117Co54Sn112 and Nd117Co54Sn111 exhibit antiferromagnetic ordering at 17 K and 24.7 K, respectively, followed by a spin reorientation transition at lower temperature.

  13. Physicochemical characterization of thermally aged Egyptian linen dyed with organic natural dyestuffs

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kourkoumelis, N.; El-Gaoudy, H.; Varella, E.; Kovala-Demertzi, D.

    2013-08-01

    A number of organic natural dyestuffs used in dyeing in ancient times, i.e. indigo, madder, turmeric, henna, cochineal, saffron and safflower, have been used to colour Egyptian fabrics based on linen. Their physicochemical properties have been evaluated on thermally aged linen samples. The aged dyed linen samples were thoroughly examined by Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy (FTIR), scanning electron microscopy (SEM), X-ray diffraction (XRD) and tensile strength and elongation measurements. It was found that, in the molecular level, dyes interact mainly with the cellulose compounds of the aged linen while in the macroscopic level tensile and elongation parameters are altered. Tensile strength is positively related to the dye treatment while elongation depends specifically on the type of the dye used. Results converge that the dyed textiles did indeed play a role as protecting agents affecting strength and reducing thermal deterioration.

  14. Preliminary study on the correlation between color measurement of dyed polyester and its image files

    Science.gov (United States)

    Park, Y. K.; Park, Y. C.

    2017-10-01

    As the internet becomes more popular, buyers send image files to manufacturers instead of sending swatches. However, this method may cause problems because different from the monitor between the buyer and the manufacturer, and also there is a problem depending on the light source. In order to overcome these problems, we investigated the relationship between color measurement values of dyed fabrics and RGB values of image files. The RGB values of image files tended to decrease with increasing dye concentration in all three colors. Correlation between RGB values and a*, b* values was observed at low concentration, but there was little correlation at high concentration. In the case of yellow color, there is no correlation between the L*a*b* values obtained from the dyed fabric and RGB values obtained from the image file.

  15. Spin relaxation in antiferromagnetic Fe–Fe dimers slowed down by anisotropic DyIII ions

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Valeriu Mereacre

    2013-11-01

    Full Text Available By using Mössbauer spectroscopy in combination with susceptibility measurements it was possible to identify the supertransferred hyperfine field through the oxygen bridges between DyIII and FeIII in a {Fe4Dy2} coordination cluster. The presence of the dysprosium ions provides enough magnetic anisotropy to “block” the hyperfine field that is experienced by the iron nuclei. This has resulted in magnetic spectra with internal hyperfine fields of the iron nuclei of about 23 T. The set of data permitted us to conclude that the direction of the anisotropy in lanthanide nanosize molecular clusters is associated with the single ion and crystal field contributions and 57Fe Mössbauer spectroscopy may be informative with regard to the the anisotropy not only of the studied isotope, but also of elements interacting with this isotope.

  16. Vacancy mediated room temperature ferromagnetism in Co-doped Dy2O3

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bandyopadhyay, A.; Sutradhar, S.; Sarkar, B. J.; Deb, A. K.; Chakrabarti, P. K.

    2012-06-01

    Nanoparticles of Co doped dysprosium oxide [Dy1.90Co0.10O3] were prepared by co-precipitating the precursor salts in presence of air and argon gas. Crystallographic phase and substitution of Co-ion in Dy2O3 were confirmed by Rietveld analysis of the x-ray diffraction patterns. Magnetic susceptibility and magnetization as a function of temperature and magnetic field were measured by Faraday and Superconducting quantum inteference device (SQUID) magnetometers, which showed that the sample synthesized in the inert atmosphere is ferromagnetic at room temperature. But no such effect has been observed in the other sample. This observation confirmed that vacancy mediated ferromagnetism can be introduced in the Co-doped dysprosium oxide.

  17. Entropy in hot $^{161,162}Dy$ and $^{171,172}Yb$ nuclei

    CERN Document Server

    Guttormsen, M; Hjorth-Jensen, M; Melby, E; Rekstad, J; Schiller, A; Siem, S; Belic, A

    2000-01-01

    The density of accessible levels at low spin in the (^3He,\\alpha \\gamma) reaction has been extracted for the ^{161,162}Dy and ^{171,172}Yb nuclei. The entropy of the even-odd and even-even nuclei has been deduced as a function of excitation energy, and found to reach a maximum of 15 k_B before neutron evaporation. The entropy of one quasi-particle outside an even-even core is found to be 1.70(15) k_B. This quasi-particle picture of hot nuclei is well accounted for within a simple pairing model. The onset of two, four and six quasi-particle excitations in the ^{162}Dy and ^{172}Yb nuclei is discussed and compared to theory. The number of quasi-particles excited per excitation energy is a measure for the ratio of the level energy spacing and the pairing strength.

  18. Growth and magneto-optical characteristic of Dy2Ti2O7 crystal

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kang, Junbiao; Ruan, Min; Chen, Xiang; Liu, Chenbin; Liu, Wei; Guo, Feiyun; Chen, Jianzhong

    2014-05-01

    A pyrochlore crystal with magneto-optical effect - Dy2Ti2O7 crystal with 19-20 mm in diameter and 21 mm in length has been grown by the Czochralski method. The lattice parameters were calculated by X-ray powder diffraction, which revealed that the crystal belongs to cubic system. Absorption spectrum was measured in the visible and near-infrared region at room temperature, which indicated the crystal has low absorption coefficient at 600-760 nm. The specific Faraday rotation of single crystal was measured at room temperature in 532, 633, and 1064 nm. The Verdet constant of Dy2Ti2O7 crystal at 633 nm comes up to -183 rad/(m T), which is as 1.4 times as that of TGG reported.

  19. Preparation and Properties of Nano Dy/TiO2 Films Supported on High Silica Fiber

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    HUANG Feng-ping

    2017-07-01

    Full Text Available In order to improve the photocatalytic degradation performance and stability of nano TiO2, Dy doped TiO2 supported on high silica glass fiber was prepared by microwave-sol method combined with dip-coating method. The samples were analyzed by XRD,SEM,PL,EDS,XPS and other equipments for phase composition of films,surface topography, surface elements and the stability of films. And the effects of pretreatment solution and coating method on the high-silica fiber film were investigated.In addition, the photocatalytic performance of the sample has been investigated by degrading methylene blue. The results show that the catalytic stability of Dy doping TiO2 nanofilms supported on high silica glass fiber can be improved and the degradation of methyl orange can reach 94% in 30min after 5 times of coating treatment.

  20. Ho:YLF & Ho:LuLF slab amplifier system delivering 200 mJ, 2 µm single-frequency pulses

    CSIR Research Space (South Africa)

    Strauss, HJ

    2011-07-01

    Full Text Available A single-frequency single-pass amplifier based on Ho:YLF and Ho:LuLF in a scalable slab architecture delivering up to 210 mJ at 2064 nm is demonstrated. The amplifier was end-pumped by a 1890 nm Tm:YLF slab laser and was seeded with a 69 mJ single...