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Sample records for ho dy tb

  1. The normal and inverse magnetocaloric effect in RCu2 (R=Tb, Dy, Ho, Er) compounds

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Zheng, X.Q.; Xu, Z.Y.; Zhang, B.; Hu, F.X.; Shen, B.G.

    2017-01-01

    Orthorhombic polycrystalline RCu 2 (R=Tb, Dy, Ho and Er) compounds were synthesized and the magnetic properties and magnetocaloric effect (MCE) were investigated in detail. All of the RCu 2 compounds are antiferromagnetic (AFM) ordered. As temperature increases, RCu 2 compounds undergo an AFM to AFM transition at T t and an AFM to paramagnetic (PM) transition at T N . Besides of the normal MCE around T N , large inverse MCE around T t was found in TbCu 2 compound. Under a field change of 0–7 T, the maximal value of inverse MCE is even larger than the value of normal MCE around T N for TbCu 2 compound. Considering of the normal and inverse MCE, TbCu 2 shows the largest refrigerant capacity among the RCu 2 (R=Tb, Dy, Ho and Er) compounds indicating its potential applications in low temperature multistage refrigeration. - Highlights: • Large inverse magnetocaloric effect is observed in TbCu 2 compound. • The AFM to AFM transition is observed in RCu 2 (R=Tb, Dy, Ho, Er) compounds. • The MCE performance of TbCu 2 compound is evaluated in a more comprehensively way.

  2. Crystal fields of dilute Tb, Dy, Ho, or Er in Lu obtained by magnetization measurements

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Touborg, P.; Hog, J.

    1975-01-01

    Magnetization measurements are reported on single crystals of dilute Tb, Dy, Ho, or Er in Lu. These measurements were performed in the temperature range 1.5--100 K and field range 0--6 T and include measurements of initial susceptibility, isothermal and isofield magnetization, and basal-plane anisotropy. The results show features similar to the corresponding Y-R alloys, where R is a rare earth. Crystal-field and molecular-field parameters could be unabiguously deduced from the experimental data. The effects of crystal-field level broadening were investigated and demonstrated for Ho. Comparison of the Y-R and Lu-R results makes possible an estimate of the crystal-field parameters in the pure-rare-earth metals

  3. Synthesis, crystal structure, optical and thermal properties of lanthanide hydrogen-polyphosphates Ln[H(PO3)4] (Ln = Tb, Dy, Ho).

    Science.gov (United States)

    Förg, Katharina; Höppe, Henning A

    2015-11-28

    Lanthanide hydrogen-polyphosphates Ln[H(PO3)4] (Ln = Tb, Dy, Ho) were synthesised as colourless (Ln = Tb, Dy) and light pink (Ln = Ho) crystalline powders by reaction of Tb4O7/Dy2O3/Ho2O3 with H3PO3 at 380 °C. All compounds crystallise isotypically (P2(1)/c (no. 14), Z = 4, a(Tb) = 1368.24(4) pm, b(Tb) = 710.42(2) pm, c(Tb) = 965.79(3) pm, β(Tb) = 101.200(1)°, 3112 data, 160 parameters, wR2 = 0.062, a(Ho) = 1363.34(5) pm, b(Ho) = 709.24(3) pm, c(Ho) = 959.07(4) pm, β(Ho) = 101.055(1)°, 1607 data, 158 parameters, wR2 = 0.058). The crystal structure comprises two different infinite helical chains of corner-sharing phosphate tetrahedra. In-between these chains the lanthanide ions are located, coordinated by seven oxygen atoms belonging to four different polyphosphate chains. Vibrational, UV/Vis and fluorescence spectra of Ln[H(PO3)4] (Ln = Tb, Dy, Ho) as well as Dy[H(PO3)4]:Ln (Ln = Ce, Eu) and the magnetic and thermal behaviour of Tb[H(PO3)4] are reported.

  4. Crystal structure of RCoIn5 (R - Ce, Pr, Nd, Sm, Gd, Tb, Dy, Ho, Y) and R2CoIn8 (R - Ce, Pr, Nd, Sm, Gd, Dy, Ho, Er, Tm, Y) compounds

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Kalychak, Ya.M.; Zaremba, V.I.; Baranyak, V.M.; Bruskov, V.A.; Zavalij, P.Yu.

    1989-01-01

    Usng X-ray diffraction method of monocrystal, crystal structure of HoCoIn 5 compound belonging to the HoCoGa 5 structural type is determined. Using the method of powder belonging of CeCoIn 5 structure to the HoCoGa 5 structural type is confirmed. Isostructural compounds with Y, Pr, Nd, Sm, Gd, Tb, Dy are detected. Their lattice periods are determined. Using the method of powder belonging of Ce 2 CoIn 8 compound structure to Ho 2 CoGa 8 structural type is determined. Isostructural compounds with Y, Pr, Nd, Sm, Gd, Dy, Ho, Er, Tm are detected and their lattice periods are determined

  5. Family of defect-dicubane Ni4Ln2 (Ln = Gd, Tb, Dy, Ho) and Ni4Y2 complexes: rare Tb(III) and Ho(III) examples showing SMM behavior.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zhao, Lang; Wu, Jianfeng; Ke, Hongshan; Tang, Jinkui

    2014-04-07

    Reactions of Ln(III) perchlorate (Ln = Gd, Tb, Dy, and Ho), NiCl2·6H2O, and a polydentate Schiff base resulted in the assembly of novel isostructural hexanuclear Ni4Ln2 complexes [Ln = Gd (1), Tb (2), Dy (3), Ho (4)] with an unprecedented 3d-4f metal topology consisting of two defect-dicubane units. The corresponding Ni4Y2 (5) complex containing diamagnetic Y(III) atoms was also isolated to assist the magnetic studies. Interestingly, complexes 2 and 3 exhibit SMM characteristics and 4 shows slow relaxation of the magnetization. The absence of frequency-dependent in-phase and out-of-phase signals for the Ni-Y species suggests that the Ln ions' contribution to the slow relaxation must be effectual as previously observed in other Ni-Dy samples. However, the observation of χ″ signals with zero dc field for the Ni-Tb and Ni-Ho derivatives is notable. Indeed, this is the first time that such a behavior is observed in the Ni-Tb and Ni-Ho complexes.

  6. RNi2B2C (R = Ho, Dy, Tb and Pr) single crystals grown by the cold copper crucible method

    Science.gov (United States)

    Durán, A.; Munoz, E.; Bernès, S.; Escudero, R.

    2000-08-01

    Single crystals of RNi2B2C (R = Ho, Dy, Tb, Pr) have been grown on cold copper crucibles in a high-frequency induction furnace. As a result, shiny metallic and brittle platelike single crystals were obtained. They were examined by x-ray and scanning electron microscopy with WDX/EDX for local composition analysis and show a very good crystallographic structure and compositions. Resistivity and dc magnetic measurements were performed to study superconducting and magnetic properties. Besides known electronic properties of the RNi2B2C family, we report for the first time results for PrNi2B2C single crystals successfully obtained by this technique.

  7. Síntesis hidrotermal de monocristales LnMn2O5 (Ln= Y, Pr, Nd, Sm, Eu, Gd, Tb, Dy, Ho y Er

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Señarís Rodríguez, M. A.

    2008-08-01

    Full Text Available Ten single crystals of the series LnMn2O5 (Ln= Y, Pr, Nd, Sm, Eu, Gd, Tb, Dy, Ho and Er were synthesized by hydrothermal synthesis in a single step and without subsequent thermal treatments from aqueous solutions of metals salts at 240 ºC. The obtained single crystals have a size of various micrometers and their morphology changes throughout the serie: they are polygonal in the case of the compounds with Ln= Pr, Nd, Sm, Eu and Gd and needle-like in the case of the compounds with Ln= Y, Tb, Dy, Ho and Er. After the analysis of the obtained products employing different conditions of synthesis we attributed the different morphology to a greater growth rate along the c axis when the smaller ions (Y, Tb, Dy, Ho y Er are involved, due to their better adaptation to the compound’s crystal structure.Se han conseguido preparar monocristales de 10 óxidos mixtos de la serie LnMn2O5 (Ln= Y, Pr, Nd, Sm, Eu, Gd, Tb, Dy, Ho y Er mediante síntesis hidrotermal optimizada, en un único paso y sin tratamientos térmicos posteriores partiendo de las correspondientes sales metálicas en disolución acuosa a 240 ºC. Los monocristales obtenidos son relativamente grandes, de varias micras y su morfología varía a lo largo de la serie: es poligonal en el caso de los compuestos de los lantánidos del inicio de la serie (Ln= Pr, Nd, Sm, Eu y Gd y acicular en el caso de los compuestos de Y y de los lantánidos del final de la serie (Ln= Tb, Dy, Ho y Er. Tras el análisis de los productos obtenidos empleando distintas condiciones de síntesis atribuimos la diferente morfología a una mayor velocidad de crecimiento cristalino a lo largo del eje c cuando intervienen los iones más pequeños (Y, Tb, Dy, Ho y Er debido a la mejor adaptación de éstos últimos a la estructura cristalina del compuesto.

  8. Theoretical investigations on magnetic entropy change in amorphous and crystalline systems: Applications to RAg (R=Tb, Dy, Ho) and GdCuAl

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Ranke, P.J. von, E-mail: von.ranke@uol.com.br [Instituto de Física, Universidade do Estado do Rio de Janeiro – UERJ, Rua São Francisco Xavier, 524, 20550-013 RJ (Brazil); Nóbrega, E.P. [Instituto de Física, Universidade do Estado do Rio de Janeiro – UERJ, Rua São Francisco Xavier, 524, 20550-013 RJ (Brazil); Caldas, A. [Sociedade Unificada de Ensino Superior e Cultura, SUESC, 20211-351 Rio de Janeiro, RJ (Brazil); Alho, B.P. [Instituto de Aplicação Fernando Rodrigues da Silveira, Universidade do Estado do Rio de Janeiro, Rua Santa Alexandrina, 288, 20260-232 RJ (Brazil); Ribeiro, P.O.; Alvarenga, T.S.T.; Lopes, P.H.O.; Sousa, V.S.R. de [Instituto de Física, Universidade do Estado do Rio de Janeiro – UERJ, Rua São Francisco Xavier, 524, 20550-013 RJ (Brazil); Carvalho, A. Magnus G. [Laboratório Nacional de Luz Síncrotron, CNPEM, 13083-970 Campinas, SP (Brazil); Oliveira, N.A. de [Instituto de Física, Universidade do Estado do Rio de Janeiro – UERJ, Rua São Francisco Xavier, 524, 20550-013 RJ (Brazil)

    2014-11-15

    We report theoretical investigations on the magnetic entropy changes in amorphous systems through two different assumptions. In the first assumption, the HPZ-anisotropic model is considered to deal with the random direction of magnetic moments, where the amorphous RAg (R=Tb, Dy and Ho) were used as prototypes systems. In the second assumption, the amorphisation is parameterized through the exchange interaction distribution and GdCuAl, in amorphous and crystalline structures, were considered as prototypes systems. Comparisons between the magnetic entropy changes under amorphisation and under the usual magnetic field variation were performed. The model reveals the dependence of refrigerant capacity on the amorphisation parameter, and an optimum amorphisation parameter was calculated. - Highlights: • Theoretical investigation on RAg (R=Tb, Dy and Ho) and GdCuAl amorphous alloys. • Magnetic entropy changes in GdCuAl in both amorphous and crystalline structures. • The refrigerant capacity was compared in both amorphous and crystalline phases.

  9. Competing exchange interactions and their relevance for the magnetisation process in RMn6-xCrxSn6 powders (R=Y, Gd, Tb, Dy, Ho, Er)

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Brabers, J.H.V.J.; Zhou, G.F.; Colpa, J.H.P.; Buschow, K.H.J.; De Boer, F.R.

    1994-01-01

    The free-powder magnetisation of RMn 6-x Cr x Sn 6 compounds has been measured for compounds with R=Y, Gd, Tb, Dy, Ho, Er in fields up to 38 T, and interpreted in terms of a simple model, which is also outlined in this paper. From the measurements, estimates for the R-3d mean-field coupling constant (n RT ) could be derived for the cases where R=Gd, Tb, Dy, Ho, Er. In turn, the n RT values can be related to the microscopic spin-coupling constant (J RT ). In the case of YMn 6 Sn 6 the high-field measurement presents evidence for a very weak antiferromagnetic coupling between the Mn layers. Furthermore, values for the Mn moments (μ Mn ) were also derived from the magnetisation measurements. The estimated μ Mn values are of the order of 2.0 μ B . ((orig.))

  10. Isothiocyanato complexes of Gd(III), Tb(III), Dy(III) and Ho(III) with 2-(2'-pyridyl)benzimidazole

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Mishra, A; Singh, V K

    1982-01-01

    Six-coordinated complexes of the type (Ln(PyBzH)/sub 2/NCS.H/sub 2/O) (NCS)/sub 2/.nH/sub 2/O/mC/sub 2/H/sub 5/OH (Ln = Gd(III), Tb(III), Dy(III) and Ho(III), n=1-2; m=1) have been prepared from Ln(NCS)/sub 6//sup 3 -/. The room temperature magnetic moment values confirm the terpositive state of the lanthanide ions. Infrared spectra suggest the N-coordination of thiocyanate group. Electronic spectral studies of Tb(III), Dy(III) and Ho(III) complexes have been made in terms of LSJ term energies. 13 refs.

  11. Photoluminescence properties of aeschynite-type LaNbTiO6:RE3+ (RE = Tb, Dy, Ho) down-converting phosphors.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ma, Qian; Lu, Mengkai; Yang, Ping; Zhang, Aiyu; Cao, Yongqiang

    2014-06-01

    In this study, a series of LaNbTiO6:RE(3+) (RE = Tb, Dy, Ho) down-converting phosphors were synthesized using a modified sol-gel combustion method, and their photoluminescence (PL) properties were investigated as a function of activator concentration and annealing temperature. The resultant particles were characterized using X-ray diffraction, transmission electron microscopy, scanning electron microscopy, UV/Vis diffuse reflectance spectroscopy and PL spectra. The highly crystalline LaNbTiO6:RE(3+) (RE = Tb, Dy, Ho) phosphors with an average size of 200-300 nm obtained at 1100°C have an orthorhombic aeschynite-type structure and exhibit the highest luminescent intensity in our study range. The emission spectra of LaNbTiO6:RE(3+) (RE = Tb, Dy, Ho) phosphors under excitations at UV/blue sources are mainly composed of characteristic peaks arising from the f-f transitions of RE(3+), including 489 nm ((5) D4 → (7) F6) and 545 nm ((5) D4 → (7) F5) for Tb(3+), 476 and 482 nm ((4) F9/2 → (6) H15/2) and 571 nm ((4) F9/2 → (6) H13/2) for Dy(3+), and 545 nm ((5) F4 + (5) S2 → (5) I8) for Ho(3+), respectively. The luminescent mechanisms were further investigated. It can be expected that these phosphors are of intense interest and potential importance for many optical applications. Copyright © 2013 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.

  12. Crystal fields in Sc, Y, and the heavy-rare-earth metals Tb, Dy, Ho, Er, Tm, and Lu

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Touborg, P.

    1977-01-01

    Experimental investigations of the magnetic poperties of dilute alloys of the rare-earth solutes Tb, Dy, Ho, Er, and Tm in the nonmagnetic hosts Lu, Y, and Sc have been performed. These measurements, which include and supplement earlier published results, have been analyzed and crystal-field parameters for all these 15 alloy systems deduced. The consistency of the parameters was confirmed by a variety of magnetic measurements, including neutron spectroscopy. Crystal-field parameters have also been derived for the ions in pure magnetic rare-earth metals and their alloys using the results for the dilute alloys supplemented with paramagnetic measurements up to high temperatures on the concentrated systems. Mean values and standard deviations of the higher-order crystal-field parameters for all Y and Lu alloys are B 40 /β = 6.8 +- 0.9 K, B 60 /γ = 13.6 +- 0.7 K, and B 66 /γ = (9.7 +- 1.1) B 60 /γ. These values: with the inaccuracies somewhat increased: are expected to be representative also for the magnetic rare-earth metals. For rare-earth ions in the Sc host the values B 40 /β = 9.9 +- 1.9 K, B 60 /γ = 19.8 +- 1.5 K, and B 66 /γ = (9.4 +- 0.9) B 60 /γ were deduced. B 20 /α is a host-sensitive parameter which has the average values of -102.7, -53.4, and 29.5 K for rare-earth ions in Y, Lu, and Sc, respectively. There is also evidence that this parameter varies with the solute. B 20 /α for ions in the pure magnetic rare-earth metals and their alloys shows a linear variation with c/a ratio characteristic of each ion. The results indicate a contribution from anisotropic exchange to the high-temperature paramagnetic anisotropy of approximately 20% for Tb, Dy, Ho, and Er, and approximately 10% for Tm

  13. Subsolidus Phase Relations of the CaO-REOx-CuO Systems (RE = Eu, Tb, Dy, Ho, Er, Lu and Sc) at 900 °C in Air

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Grivel, Jean-Claude

    2016-01-01

    The subsolidus phase relations of the CaO-REOx-CuO systems (RE = Eu, Tb, Dy, Ho, Er, Lu and Sc) were investigated in air at 900 °C. The pseudo-ternary sections with RE = Tb, Dy, Ho, Er and Lu have a similar structure. They have in common with the RE = Eu system a solid solution of Ca0.833−xRExCuO2......+y composition but the system with RE = Eu differs by the presence of an Eu2CuO4 phase instead of RE2Cu2O5 for RE = Tb, Dy, Ho, Er and Lu. In contrast, the CaO-ScO1.5-CuO section does not contain a Ca0.833−xScxCuO2+y solid solution and is dominated by the CaSc2O4 phase, which has no equivalent...... in the other systems at 900 °C in air....

  14. Effect of Tb and Al substitution within the rare earth and cobalt sublattices on magnetothermal properties of Dy{sub 0.5}Ho{sub 0.5}Co{sub 2}

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Chzhan, V.B., E-mail: lemuriform@gmail.com [Baikov Institute of Metallurgy and Material Sciences, Russian Academy of Sciences, Moscow 119334 (Russian Federation); National University of Science and Technology “MISIS”, Moscow 119049 (Russian Federation); Tereshina, E.A. [Institute of Physics CAS, Prague 18221 (Czech Republic); Mikhailova, A.B. [Baikov Institute of Metallurgy and Material Sciences, Russian Academy of Sciences, Moscow 119334 (Russian Federation); Politova, G.A. [Baikov Institute of Metallurgy and Material Sciences, Russian Academy of Sciences, Moscow 119334 (Russian Federation); International Laboratory of High Magnetic Fields and Low Temperatures, Wroclaw 53-421 (Poland); Tereshina, I.S. [Baikov Institute of Metallurgy and Material Sciences, Russian Academy of Sciences, Moscow 119334 (Russian Federation); Faculty of Physics, Lomonosov Moscow State University, Moscow 119991 (Russian Federation); Kozlov, V.I. [Faculty of Physics, Lomonosov Moscow State University, Moscow 119991 (Russian Federation); Ćwik, J. [International Laboratory of High Magnetic Fields and Low Temperatures, Wroclaw 53-421 (Poland); Nenkov, K. [IFW Dresden, P.O. Box 270116, 01171 Dresden (Germany); Alekseeva, O.A.; Filimonov, A.V. [Peter the Great St. Petersburg Polytechnic University, St. Petersburg 195251 (Russian Federation)

    2017-06-15

    Highlights: • Single-phase (Tb,Dy,Ho)(Co,Al){sub 2} alloys synthesized using high-purity metals. • Temperature dependence of lattice parameters measured in a wide temperature range. • Tb and Al substitution increase the Curie temperature in Dy{sub 0.5}Ho{sub 0.5}Co{sub 2.} • The MCE measured by direct and indirect methods. • Materials with ‘table-like’ MCE are found. - Abstract: The effect of Tb and Al substitution within the rare earth and cobalt sublattices on structural and magnetothermal properties of Dy{sub 0.5}Ho{sub 0.5}Co{sub 2} has been studied. Multicomponent Laves phase alloys Tb{sub x}(Dy{sub 0.5}Ho{sub 0.5}){sub 1−x}Co{sub 2−y}Al{sub y} (x = 0, 0.3, 0.4, 0.5; y = 0, 0.25) synthesized using high-purity metals have been studied using X-ray diffraction analysis, heat capacity and magnetocaloric measurements. Dy{sub 0.5}Ho{sub 0.5}Co{sub 2} has a first order phase transition at the Curie temperature T{sub C} ≈ 110 K. Both Tb and Al substitution leads to increase of the T{sub C}. The increasing Tb content leads to the decreases slightly the MCE and all the transitions near the Curie temperature are of the first order. As for the Al-containing compounds, MCE measurements show that the phase transition type changes from the first to the second-order. The advantage of Tb{sub x}(Dy{sub 0.5}Ho{sub 0.5}){sub 1−x}Co{sub 1.75}Al{sub 0.25} as compared with Al-free alloys is ‘table-like’ behavior of MCE.

  15. Structural relative stabilities and pressure-induced phase transitions for lanthanide trihydrides REH{sub 3} (RE=Sm, Gd, Tb, Dy, Ho, Er, Tm, and Lu)

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Kong Bo, E-mail: kong79@yeah.net [National Key Laboratory for Shock Wave and Detonation Physics Research, Institute of Fluid Physics, Chinese Academy of Engineering Physics, Mianyang 621900 (China); College of Physical Science and Technology, Sichuan University, Chengdu 610064 (China); Zhang Lin, E-mail: zhanglinbox@263.net [National Key Laboratory for Shock Wave and Detonation Physics Research, Institute of Fluid Physics, Chinese Academy of Engineering Physics, Mianyang 621900 (China); Chen Xiangrong [College of Physical Science and Technology, Sichuan University, Chengdu 610064 (China); Zeng Tixian [College of Physics and Electronic Information, China West Normal University, Nanchong 637002 (China); Cai Lingcang [National Key Laboratory for Shock Wave and Detonation Physics Research, Institute of Fluid Physics, Chinese Academy of Engineering Physics, Mianyang 621900 (China)

    2012-06-15

    The structures, structural relative stabilities, pressure-induced phase transitions, and equations of state for lanthanide trihydrides REH{sub 3} (RE=Sm, Gd, Tb, Dy, Ho, Er, Tm, and Lu) are systematically studied using ab initio calculations under a core state model (CSM). The obtained ground-state parameters, such as lattice constants and bulk modulus, agree well with the available data. Among the P6{sub 3}/mm, P3-bar c1, and P6{sub 3}cm structures, the P6{sub 3}cm structure is found to be the most stable structure for lanthanide trihydride via the comparison of the calculated total energies. With the help of Birch-Murnaghan equation of state, the structural transitions from hexagonal to cubic for REH{sub 3} (RE=Sm, Gd, Ho, Er, and Lu) under pressure are affirmed; especially, the similar behavior of REH{sub 3} (RE= Tb, Dy, and Tm) is reasonably predicted for the first time by this means. For the transitions, the repulsive interactions of H-H atoms may play an important role in terms of the analysis of the structures in the vicinity of the theoretical phase transition.

  16. Critical evaluation and thermodynamic optimisation of the Si-RE systems: Part II. Si-RE system (RE = Gd, Tb, Dy, Ho, Er, Tm, Lu and Y)

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Kim, Junghwan; Jung, In-Ho

    2015-01-01

    Highlights: • The (Si-RE) (RE = Gd, Tb, Dy, Ho, Er, Tm, Lu and Y) systems have been reviewed. • The thermodynamic optimization of the (Si-RE) systems have been performed. • Systematic changes and similarities in the (Si-RE) systems were found. • The systematic approach resolved inconsistencies in the experimental data. • The systematic approach was used to assess the unexplored phase diagrams. - Abstract: A critical evaluation and optimisation of all available phase diagrams and thermodynamic data of the (Si-RE) (RE = Gd, Tb, Dy, Ho, Er, Tm, Lu and Y) systems was conducted to obtain reliable thermodynamic functions of all the phases in the system. In the thermodynamic modelling, a systematic analysis involving the similarity and periodicity observed in the lanthanide series was applied to resolve inconsistencies in the experimental data and to estimate the unknown thermodynamic properties and phase equilibria data. In particular, the phase diagrams and thermodynamic properties of (Si-Tm) and (Si-Lu) systems which are rarely investigated can be predicted from this approach. Systematic trends in thermodynamic properties of solid and liquid phases and phase diagram of the entire (Si-RE) systems were summarized

  17. Study of magnetic properties of TGa6 with T = Ce, Pr, Nd, Tb, Ho, Dy and of solid solutions Ce(Ga1-x Alx)2

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Jerjini, M.

    1987-10-01

    At low temperature TGa 6 compounds are ordered with a Neel temperature of about 10 K. Magnetic structures are antiferromagnetic for T = Pr or Nd or modulated for T = Tb, Ho or Dy. Ce presents an abnormal behavior in CeGa 6 . Neutron inelastic scattering allows the determination of energy levels in the crystal field of cerium ion and evidences hybridation of 4f and valence electrons. Three magnetic transitions for T 6 . Study of CeGa 6 and solid solutions. Ce(Ga (1-x) Al x ) 2 shows that aluminium insertion reinforces the Kondo effect. For x = O.1 an incommensurable structure subsists at very low temperature. CeGa 2 is ordered with 3 magnetic structures. Magnetic moment is reduced with Al. The study of crystal field by neutron scattering shows that hybridation effects are more important for the compound with x = 0.1 [fr

  18. Effects of pressure and magnetic field on transport properties of Y1-xRxCo2 alloys (R=Gd, Tb, Dy, Ho and Er)

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Takaesu, Y; Nakama, T; Kinjyo, A; Yonamine, S; Hedo, M; Yagasaki, K; Uchima, K; Uwatoko, Y; Burkov, A T

    2010-01-01

    Electrical resistivity ρ and thermopower S of Y 1-x R x Co 2 (R=Gd, Tb, Dy, Ho and Er) Laves phase alloy systems were measured at temperatures from 1.5 K to 300 K in magnetic fields up to 15 T and under hydrostatic pressure up to 2 GPa. We show that there is a universal linear relation between the pressure and magnetic field derivatives of the resistivity, dρ/dP and dρ/dB, with gradient, determined by pressure derivative of the critical metamagnetic field of the cobalt 3d electron system. A similar scaling behavior was found for the thermopower dependencies on pressure and alloy composition.

  19. Structural and magnetic properties of two branches of the tripod-kagome-lattice family A2R3Sb3O14 (A = Mg, Zn; R = Pr, Nd, Gd, Tb, Dy, Ho, Er, Yb)

    Science.gov (United States)

    Dun, Z. L.; Trinh, J.; Lee, M.; Choi, E. S.; Li, K.; Hu, Y. F.; Wang, Y. X.; Blanc, N.; Ramirez, A. P.; Zhou, H. D.

    2017-03-01

    We present a systematic study of the structural and magnetic properties of two branches of the rare-earth tripod-kagome-lattice (TKL) family A2R3Sb3O14 (A = Mg, Zn; R = Pr, Nd, Gd, Tb, Dy, Ho, Er, Yb; here, we use abbreviation A-R, as in MgPr for Mg2Pr3Sb3O14 ), which complements our previously reported work on MgDy, MgGd, and MgEr [Z. L. Dun et al., Phys. Rev. Lett. 116, 157201 (2016), 10.1103/PhysRevLett.116.157201]. The present susceptibility (χdc, χac) and specific-heat measurements reveal various magnetic ground states, including the nonmagnetic singlet state for MgPr, ZnPr; long-range orderings (LROs) for MgGd, ZnGd, MgNd, ZnNd, and MgYb; a long-range magnetic charge ordered state for MgDy, ZnDy, and potentially for MgHo; possible spin-glass states for ZnEr, ZnHo; the absence of spin ordering down to 80 mK for MgEr, MgTb, ZnTb, and ZnYb compounds. The ground states observed here bear both similarities as well as striking differences from the states found in the parent pyrochlore systems. In particular, while the TKLs display a greater tendency towards LRO, the lack of LRO in MgHo, MgTb, and ZnTb can be viewed from the standpoint of a balance among spin-spin interactions, anisotropies, and non-Kramers nature of single-ion state. While substituting Zn for Mg changes the chemical pressure, and subtly modifies the interaction energies for compounds with larger R ions, this substitution introduces structural disorder and modifies the ground states for compounds with smaller R ions (Ho, Er, Yb).

  20. Magnetism of cyano-bridged Ln3+-M3+ complexes. Part II: one-dimensional complexes (Ln3+ = Eu, Tb, Dy, Ho, Er, Tm; M3+ = Fe or Co) with bpy as blocking ligand.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Figuerola, Albert; Ribas, Joan; Casanova, David; Maestro, Miguel; Alvarez, Santiago; Diaz, Carmen

    2005-10-03

    The reaction of Ln(NO3)3(aq) with K3[Fe(CN)6] or K3[Co(CN)6] and 2,2'-bipyridine in water/ethanol led to 13 one-dimensional complexes: trans-[M(CN)4(mu-CN)2Ln(H2O)4(bpy)]n.4nH2O.1.5nbpy (Ln = Eu3+, Tb3+, Dy3+, Ho3+, Er3+, Tm3+, Lu3+; M = Fe3+, Co3+). The structures for [EuFe]n (1), [TbFe]n (2), [DyFe]n (3), [HoFe]n (4), [ErFe]n (5), [TmFe]n (6), [LuFe]n (7), [EuCo]n (8), [TbCo]n (9), [DyCo]n (10), [HoCo]n (11), [ErCo]n (12), and [TmCo]n (13) have been solved: they crystallize in the triclinic space group P and are isomorphous. They exhibit a supramolecular architecture created by the interplay of coordinative, hydrogen bonding, and pi-pi interactions. A stereochemical study of the eight-vertex polyhedra of the lanthanide ions, based on continuous shape measures, is presented. The Ln3+-Fe3+ interaction is antiferromagnetic in [DyFe]n and [TbFe]n. For [EuFe]n, [HoFe]n, [ErFe]n, and [TmFe]n, there is no sign of any significant interaction. The magnetic behavior of [DyFe]n suggests the onset of weak long-range ferromagnetic ordering at 2.5 K.

  1. A single crystal study of RE{sub 14}Co{sub 3}In{sub 3} (RE = Y, Tb, Dy, Ho, Er)

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Zaremba, V.I.; Kalychak, Y.M.; Dzevenko, M.V. [Inorganic Chemistry Dept., Ivan Franko National Univ. of Lviv (Ukraine); Rodewald, U.Ch.; Heying, B.; Poettgen, R. [Inst. fuer Anorganische und Analytische Chemie, Westfaelische Wilhelms-Univ. Muenster (Germany)

    2006-01-01

    The rare earth-cobalt-indides RE{sub 14}Co{sub 3}In{sub 3} (RE = Y, Tb, Dy, Ho, Er) were prepared in polycrystalline form from the elements by arc-melting. Small single crystals were grown through a special annealing sequence. The compounds were investigated on the basis of X-ray powder and single crystal data: Lu{sub 14}Co{sub 2}In{sub 3} (Gd{sub 14}Co{sub 3}In{sub 2.7}) type, P4{sub 2}/nmc, Z = 4, a = 959.0(1), c = 2319.1(5) pm, wR2 = 0.055, 2289 F{sup 2} values, 65 variables for Y{sub 13.90}Co{sub 2.99}In{sub 3.02}, a = 953.8(1), c = 2315.8(5) pm, wR2 = 0.108, 2357 F{sup 2} values, 65 variables for Tb{sub 13.92}Co{sub 3.01}In{sub 2.92}, a = 949.24(3), c = 2296.5(1) pm, wR2 = 0.129, 2518 F{sup 2} values, 65 variables for Dy{sub 13.90}Co{sub 2.97}In{sub 2.95}, a = 946.3(1), c = 2289.0(5) pm, wR2 = 0.099, 2297 F{sup 2} values, 64 variables for Ho{sub 14}Co{sub 2.80}In{sub 2.89}, and a = 941.0(1), c = 2274.2(5) pm, wR2 = 0.140, 2450 F{sup 2} values, 65 variables for Er{sub 13.83}Co{sub 2.88}In{sub 3.10}. All RE{sub 14}Co{sub 3}In{sub 3} indides show a small degree of In/Co mixing (between 7 and 16% Co) on the 4c In1 site and defects on the 8g Co1 positions (between 84 and 95% Co). Except for the holmium compound, the RE{sub 14}Co{sub 3}In{sub 3} intermetallics also reveal RE/In mixing on the 4c RE1 sites, leading to the refined compositions. The seven crystallographically independent RE sites have between 9 and 10 nearest RE neighbors. The RE{sub 14}Co{sub 3}In{sub 3} structures consist of a complex intergrowth of rare earth based polyhedra. Both cobalt sites have a distorted trigonal-prismatic rare earth coordination. An interesting feature is the In2-In2 dumb-bell with an In2-In2 distance of 300 pm (for Ho{sub 14}Co{sub 2.80}In{sub 2.89}). The crystal chemistry of the RE{sub 14}Co{sub 3}In{sub 3} indides is discussed. (orig.)

  2. Complexes of o-Vanillin oxime with La(III), Ce(III), Nd(III), Sm(III), Gd(III), Tb(III), Dy(III), Ho(III) and Yb(III)

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Dhar, M.L.; Gupta, V.K.; Singh, Onkar

    1988-01-01

    Ten complexes of lanthanides with o-vanillin oxime have been swynthesised and characterised. The composition of the complexes as determined by elemental and thermal analyses, infrared electronic spectral and magnetic moment studies is [Ln(C 8 H 8 NO 3 ) 3 .XH 2 O], where X=2 when Ln=La, Ce, Pr, Nd, Sm and X=3 when Ln=Gd, Dy, Tb, Ho, Yb; C 8 H 8 NO 3 - represents the anion of the ligand. (author). 16 refs., 2 figs., 2 tables

  3. General synthesis and structural evolution of a layered family of Ln8(OH)20Cl4 x nH2O (Ln = Nd, Sm, Eu, Gd, Tb, Dy, Ho, Er, Tm, and Y).

    Science.gov (United States)

    Geng, Fengxia; Matsushita, Yoshitaka; Ma, Renzhi; Xin, Hao; Tanaka, Masahiko; Izumi, Fujio; Iyi, Nobuo; Sasaki, Takayoshi

    2008-12-03

    The synthesis process and crystal structure evolution for a family of stoichiometric layered rare-earth hydroxides with general formula Ln(8)(OH)(20)Cl(4) x nH(2)O (Ln = Nd, Sm, Eu, Gd, Tb, Dy, Ho, Er, Tm, and Y; n approximately 6-7) are described. Synthesis was accomplished through homogeneous precipitation of LnCl(3) x xH(2)O with hexamethylenetetramine to yield a single-phase product for Sm-Er and Y. Some minor coexisting phases were observed for Nd(3+) and Tm(3+), indicating a size limit for this layered series. Light lanthanides (Nd, Sm, Eu) crystallized into rectangular platelets, whereas platelets of heavy lanthanides from Gd tended to be of quasi-hexagonal morphology. Rietveld profile analysis revealed that all phases were isostructural in an orthorhombic layered structure featuring a positively charged layer, [Ln(8)(OH)(20)(H(2)O)(n)](4+), and interlayer charge-balancing Cl(-) ions. In-plane lattice parameters a and b decreased nearly linearly with a decrease in the rare-earth cation size. The interlamellar distance, c, was almost constant (approximately 8.70 A) for rare-earth elements Nd(3+), Sm(3+), and Eu(3+), but it suddenly decreased to approximately 8.45 A for Tb(3+), Dy(3+), Ho(3+), and Er(3+), which can be ascribed to two different degrees of hydration. Nd(3+) typically adopted a phase with high hydration, whereas a low-hydration phase was preferred for Tb(3+), Dy(3+), Ho(3+), Er(3+), and Tm(3+). Sm(3+), Eu(3+), and Gd(3+) samples were sensitive to humidity conditions because high- and low-hydration phases were interconvertible at a critical humidity of 10%, 20%, and 50%, respectively, as supported by both X-ray diffraction and gravimetry as a function of the relative humidity. In the phase conversion process, interlayer expansion or contraction of approximately 0.2 A also occurred as a possible consequence of absorption/desorption of H(2)O molecules. The hydration difference was also evidenced by refinement results. The number of coordinated water

  4. Fabrication, magnetostriction properties and applications of Tb-Dy-Fe alloys: a review

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Nai-juan Wang

    2016-03-01

    Full Text Available As an excellent giant-magnetostrictive material, Tb-Dy-Fe alloys (based on Tb0.27-0.30Dy0.73-0.70Fe1.9-2 Laves compound can be applied in many engineering fields, such as sonar transducer systems, sensors, and micro-actuators. However, the cost of the rare earth elements Tb and Dy is too high to be widely applied for the materials. Nowadays, there are two different ways to substitute for these alloying elements. One is to partially replace Tb or Dy by cheaper rare earth elements, such as Pr, Nd, Sm and Ho; and the other is to use non-rare earth elements, such as Co, Al, Mn, Si, Ce, B, Be and C, to substitute Fe to form single MgCu2-type Laves phase and a certain amount of Re-rich phase, which can reduce the brittleness and improve the corrosion resistance of the alloy. This paper systemically introduces the development, the fabrication methods and the corresponding preferred growth directions of Tb-Dy-Fe alloys. In addition, the effects of alloying elements and heat treatment on magnetostrictive and mechanical properties of Tb-Dy-Fe alloys are also reviewed, respectively. Finally, some possible applications of Tb-Dy-Fe alloys are presented.

  5. Study of hyperfine interactions in intermetallic compounds Gd(Ni,Pd,Cu)In, Tb(Ni,Pd)In, Dy(Ni,Pd)In and Ho(Ni,Pd)In; Estudo de interacoes hiperfinas em compostos intermetalicos Gd(Ni,Pd,Cu)In, Tb(Ni,Pd)In, Dy(Ni,Pd)In e Ho(Ni,Pd)In

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Lapolli, Andre Luis

    2006-07-01

    Systematic behavior of magnetic hyperfine field (B{sub hf}) in the intermetallic compounds Gd(Ni,Pd,Cu)In Tb(Ni,Pd)In, Dy(Ni,Pd)In and Ho(Ni,Pd)In was studied by Perturbed Gamma-Gamma Angular Correlation spectroscopy. The measurements of B{sub hf} were carried out at the rare earth atom and in sites using the nuclear probes {sup 140}Ce and {sup 11}'1Cd respectively. The variation of hyperfine field with temperature, in most cases, follows the Brillouin function predicted from the molecular field theory. The hyperfine field values at rare earth atom sites obtained from {sup 140}Ce probe as well as at in sites obtained from {sup 111}Cd probe for each series of compounds were extrapolated to zero Kelvin B{sub hf}(T=0) from these curves. These values were compared with the values of the literature for other compounds containing the same rare earth element and all of them show a linear relationship with the ordering temperature. This indicates that the main contribution to B{sub hf} comes from the conduction electron polarization (CEP) through Fermi contact interaction and the principal mechanism of magnetic interaction in these compounds can be described by the RKKY type interaction. The values of B{sub hf}(T=0) for each family of intermetallic compounds RNiIn and RPdIn when plotted as a function of 4f spin projection of rare earth element also shows a linear relationship. Exceptions are the results for the compounds RNiIn obtained with {sup 111}Cd probe where a small deviation from linearity is observed. The results of the measurements carried out with the {sup 111}Cd probe were also analyzed to obtain the hyperfine parameters of the quadrupole interaction as a function of temperature for RPdln and GdNiIn compounds. The results show that for the compound GdPdIn there might be some Gd-In disorder at high temperature. (author)

  6. Study of hyperfine interactions in intermetallic compounds Gd(Ni,Pd,Cu)In, Tb(Ni,Pd)In, Dy(Ni,Pd)In and Ho(Ni,Pd)In; Estudo de interacoes hiperfinas em compostos intermetalicos Gd(Ni,Pd,Cu)In, Tb(Ni,Pd)In, Dy(Ni,Pd)In e Ho(Ni,Pd)In

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Lapolli, Andre Luis

    2006-07-01

    Systematic behavior of magnetic hyperfine field (B{sub hf}) in the intermetallic compounds Gd(Ni,Pd,Cu)In Tb(Ni,Pd)In, Dy(Ni,Pd)In and Ho(Ni,Pd)In was studied by Perturbed Gamma-Gamma Angular Correlation spectroscopy. The measurements of B{sub hf} were carried out at the rare earth atom and in sites using the nuclear probes {sup 140}Ce and {sup 11}'1Cd respectively. The variation of hyperfine field with temperature, in most cases, follows the Brillouin function predicted from the molecular field theory. The hyperfine field values at rare earth atom sites obtained from {sup 140}Ce probe as well as at in sites obtained from {sup 111}Cd probe for each series of compounds were extrapolated to zero Kelvin B{sub hf}(T=0) from these curves. These values were compared with the values of the literature for other compounds containing the same rare earth element and all of them show a linear relationship with the ordering temperature. This indicates that the main contribution to B{sub hf} comes from the conduction electron polarization (CEP) through Fermi contact interaction and the principal mechanism of magnetic interaction in these compounds can be described by the RKKY type interaction. The values of B{sub hf}(T=0) for each family of intermetallic compounds RNiIn and RPdIn when plotted as a function of 4f spin projection of rare earth element also shows a linear relationship. Exceptions are the results for the compounds RNiIn obtained with {sup 111}Cd probe where a small deviation from linearity is observed. The results of the measurements carried out with the {sup 111}Cd probe were also analyzed to obtain the hyperfine parameters of the quadrupole interaction as a function of temperature for RPdln and GdNiIn compounds. The results show that for the compound GdPdIn there might be some Gd-In disorder at high temperature. (author)

  7. Magnetostriction of Tb-Dy-Fe crystals

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Mei Wu; Okane, T.; Umeda, T.

    1998-01-01

    left angle 111 right angle -oriented twin free Tb-Dy-Fe single crystals, left angle 112 right angle - and left angle 110 right angle -oriented twinned ''single'' Tb-Dy-Fe crystals were prepared using floating zone melting crystal growth methods. Magnetostrictive performances of the crystals were investigated. Better low-field properties were observed in the left angle 110 right angle twinned crystals than in the left angle 112 right angle crystals. The highest properties were achieved in the left angle 111 right angle twin free single crystals. Even though there were still oxidized particles in the present left angle 111 right angle single crystals, a large magnetostrictive jump of 1700 ppm and a very low saturation magnetic field of 500 Oe were obtained. To understand magnetization and magnetostriction of different Tb-Dy-Fe crystals, theoretical modeling was carried out based on a simplified domain rotation model. Magnetization moment rotation paths of different domains were simulated and hence the resultant magnetostriction was obtained, which could adequately account for the experimental results of different crystals. The limitation of the domain rotation model was also discussed. (orig.)

  8. Nitrato-complexes of Y(III), La(III), Ce(III), Pr(III), Nd(III), Sm(III), Gd(III), Tb(III), Dy(III) and Ho(III) with 2-(2'-pyridyl) benzimidazole

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Mishra, A.; Singh, M.P.; Singh, V.K.

    1982-01-01

    The nitrato-complexes, [Y(PyBzH) 2 (NO 3 ) 2 ]NO 3 .H 2 O and Nd, Sm, Gd, Tb, Dy, Ho ; n=1-3, m=0-0.5 ; PyBzh=2-(2 -pyridyl)benzimidazole] are formed on interaction of the ligand with metal nitrates in ethanol. The electrical conductance values (116-129 ohm -1 cm 2 mol -1 ) suggest 1:1 electrolyte-nature of the complexes. Magnetic moment values of Ce(2.53 B.M.), Pr(3.62 B.M.), Nd(3.52 B.M.), Sm(1.70 B.M.), Gd(8.06 B.M.), Tb(9.44 B.M.), Dy(10.56 B.M.) and Ho(10.51 B.M.) in the complexes confirm the terpositive state of the metals. Infrared evidences are obtained for the existance of both coordinated (C 2 v) and uncoordinated (D 3 h) nitrate groups. Electronic absorption spectra of Pr(III)-, Nd(III)-, Sm(III)-, Tb(III)-, Dy(III)- and Ho(III)-complexes have been analysed in the light of LSJ terms. (author)

  9. Nitrato-complexes of Y(III), La(III), Ce(III), Pr(III), Nd(III), Sm(III), Gd(III), Tb(III), Dy(III) and Ho(III) with 2-(2'-pyridyl) benzimidazole

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Mishra, A; Singh, M P; Singh, V K

    1982-05-01

    The nitrato-complexes, (Y(PyBzH)/sub 2/(NO/sub 3/)/sub 2/)NO/sub 3/.H/sub 2/O and Nd, Sm, Gd, Tb, Dy, Ho ; n=1-3, m=0-0.5 ; PyBzh=2-(2 -pyridyl)benzimidazole) are formed on interaction of the ligand with metal nitrates in ethanol. The electrical conductance values (116-129 ohm/sup -1/cm/sup 2/mol/sup -1/) suggest 1:1 electrolyte-nature of the complexes. Magnetic moment values of Ce(2.53 B.M.), Pr(3.62 B.M.), Nd(3.52 B.M.), Sm(1.70 B.M.), Gd(8.06 B.M.), Tb(9.44 B.M.), Dy(10.56 B.M.) and Ho(10.51 B.M.) in the complexes confirm the positive state of the metals. Infrared evidences are obtained for the existance of both coordinated (C/sub 2/v) and uncoordinated (D/sub 3/h) nitrate groups. Electronic absorption spectra of Pr(III)-, Nd(III)-, Sm(III)-, Tb(III)-, Dy(III)- and Ho(III)-complexes have been analysed in the light of LSJ terms.

  10. Rare earth-rich cadmium compounds RE{sub 10}TCd{sub 3} (RE = Y, Tb, Dy, Ho, Er, Tm, Lu; T = Rh, Pd, Ir, Pt) with an ordered Co{sub 2}Al{sub 5}-type structure

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Block, Theresa; Klenner, Steffen; Heletta, Lukas; Poettgen, Rainer [Muenster Univ. (Germany). Inst. fuer Anorganische und Analytische Chemie

    2018-04-01

    Eighteen new rare earth-rich intermetallic phases RE{sub 10}TCd{sub 3} (RE = Y, Tb, Dy, Ho, Er, Tm, Lu; T = Rh, Pd, Ir, Pt) were obtained by induction melting of the elements in sealed niobium ampoules followed by annealing in muffle furnaces. All samples were characterized by X-ray powder diffraction. The structures of four representatives were refined from single-crystal X-ray diffractometer data: ordered Co{sub 2}Al{sub 5} type, P6{sub 3}/mmc, a = 951.2(1), c = 962.9(2) pm, wR = 0.0460, 595 F{sup 2} values, 20 parameters for Er{sub 10}RhCd{sub 3}; a = 945.17(4), c = 943.33(4), wR = 0.0395, 582 F{sup 2} values, 21 parameters for Lu{sub 9.89}PdCd{sub 3.11}; a = 964.16(6), c = 974.93(6) pm, wR = 0.0463, 614 F{sup 2} values, 21 parameters for Y{sub 10}Ir{sub 1.09}Cd{sub 2.91}; a = 955.33(3), c = 974.56(3) pm, wR = 0.0508, 607 F{sup 2} values, 22 refined parameters for Dy{sub 9.92}IrCd{sub 3.08}. Refinements of the occupancy parameters revealed small homogeneity ranges resulting from RE/Cd, respectively T/Cd mixing. The basic building units of the RE{sub 10}TCd{sub 3} phases are transition metal-centered RE{sub 6} trigonal prisms (TP) that are condensed with double-pairs of empty RE{sub 6} octahedra via common triangular faces. A second type of rods is formed by slightly distorted RE3 rate at Cd{sub 6}RE{sub 6} icosahedra which are condensed via Cd{sub 3} triangular faces. The shortest interatomic distances occur for RE-T, compatible with strong covalent bonding interactions. Temperature dependent magnetic susceptibility measurements were performed for RE{sub 10}RhCd{sub 3} (RE = Dy-Tm, Lu), RE{sub 10}IrCd{sub 3} (RE = Er, Tm, Lu) and RE{sub 10}PtCd{sub 3} (RE = Y, Lu). While Y{sub 10}PtCd{sub 3} and Lu{sub 10}TCd{sub 3} (T = Rh, Ir, Pt) show Pauli paramagnetic behavior, the compounds containing paramagnetic rare earth elements show Curie-Weiss behavior (the experimental magnetic moments indicate stable trivalent RE{sup 3+}) and magnetic ordering at low temperatures

  11. Study of hyperfine interactions in intermetallic compounds Gd(Ni,Pd,Cu)In, Tb(Ni,Pd)In, Dy(Ni,Pd)In and Ho(Ni,Pd)In

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Lapolli, Andre Luis

    2006-01-01

    Systematic behavior of magnetic hyperfine field (B hf ) in the intermetallic compounds Gd(Ni,Pd,Cu)In Tb(Ni,Pd)In, Dy(Ni,Pd)In and Ho(Ni,Pd)In was studied by Perturbed Gamma-Gamma Angular Correlation spectroscopy. The measurements of B hf were carried out at the rare earth atom and in sites using the nuclear probes 140 Ce and 11 '1Cd respectively. The variation of hyperfine field with temperature, in most cases, follows the Brillouin function predicted from the molecular field theory. The hyperfine field values at rare earth atom sites obtained from 140 Ce probe as well as at in sites obtained from 111 Cd probe for each series of compounds were extrapolated to zero Kelvin B hf (T=0) from these curves. These values were compared with the values of the literature for other compounds containing the same rare earth element and all of them show a linear relationship with the ordering temperature. This indicates that the main contribution to B hf comes from the conduction electron polarization (CEP) through Fermi contact interaction and the principal mechanism of magnetic interaction in these compounds can be described by the RKKY type interaction. The values of B hf (T=0) for each family of intermetallic compounds RNiIn and RPdIn when plotted as a function of 4f spin projection of rare earth element also shows a linear relationship. Exceptions are the results for the compounds RNiIn obtained with 111 Cd probe where a small deviation from linearity is observed. The results of the measurements carried out with the 111 Cd probe were also analyzed to obtain the hyperfine parameters of the quadrupole interaction as a function of temperature for RPdln and GdNiIn compounds. The results show that for the compound GdPdIn there might be some Gd-In disorder at high temperature. (author)

  12. Hetero-metallic {3d-4f-5d} complexes: preparation and magnetic behavior of trinuclear [(L(Me2)Ni-Ln){W(CN)(8)}] compounds (Ln = Gd, Tb, Dy, Ho, Er, Y; L(Me2) = Schiff base) and variable SMM characteristics for the Tb derivative.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sutter, Jean-Pascal; Dhers, Sébastien; Rajamani, Raghunathan; Ramasesha, S; Costes, Jean-Pierre; Duhayon, Carine; Vendier, Laure

    2009-07-06

    Assembling bimetallic {Ni-Ln}(3+) units and {W(CN)(8)}(3-) is shown to be an efficient route toward heteronuclear {3d-4f-5d} compounds. The reaction of either the binuclear [{L(Me2)Ni(H(2)O)(2)}{Ln(NO(3))(3)}] complexes or their mononuclear components [L(Me2)Ni] and Ln(NO(3))(3) with (HNBu(3))(3){W(CN)(8)} in dmf followed by diffusion of tetrahydrofuran yielded the trinuclear [{L(Me2)NiLn}{W(CN)(8)}] compounds 1 (Ln = Y), 2a,b (Gd), 3a,b (Tb), 4 (Dy), 5 (Ho), and 6 (Er) as crystalline materials. All of the derivatives possess the trinuclear core resulting from the linkage of the {W(CN)(8)} to the Ni center of the {Ni-Ln} unit. Differences are found in the solvent molecules acting as ligands and/or in the lattice depending on the crystallization conditions. For all the compounds ferromagnetic {Ni-W} and {Ni-Ln} (Ln = Gd, Tb, Dy, and Er} interactions are operative resulting in high spin ground states. Parameterization of the magnetic behaviors for the Y and Gd derivatives confirmed the strong cyano-mediated {Ni-W} interaction (J(NiW) = 27.1 and 28.5 cm(-1)) compared to the {Ni-Gd} interaction (J(NiGd) = 2.17 cm(-1)). The characteristic features for slow relaxation of the magnetization are observed for two Tb derivatives, but these are modulated by the crystal phase. Analysis of the frequency dependence of the alternating current susceptibility data yielded U(eff)/k(B) = 15.3 K and tau(0) = 4.5 x 10(-7) s for one derivative whereas no maxima of chi(M)'' appear above 2 K for the second one.

  13. Superdeformation studies in {sup 150}Tb and {sup 153}Ho

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Nisius, D.; Janssens, R.V.F.; Crowell, B. [and others

    1995-08-01

    There are now over 40 superdeformed (SD) bands known in the A {approximately} 150 region and in most cases the properties of these bands are understood in terms of single-particle excitations in the absence of pairing. By continuing the search for new SD bands we hope to gain insight into (1) the ordering of the proton and neutron orbitals near the Fermi surface in the SD well, (2) the effects that the alignment of those orbitals has on the moments of inertia, and (3) the collective excitations in the SD well. For {sup 150}Tb, which is one proton and one neutron away from the SD doubly-magic nucleus {sup 152}Dy, it should be possible to study SD bands based on both proton and neutron hole excitations. By adding one proton to the {sup 152}Dy nucleus (i.e. {sup 153}Ho) proton excitations above the Z = 66 shell gap can be studied. These excitations are important as calculations suggested that the proton intruder orbital N = 7 might become occupied. Interactions between this orbital and a N = 5 level may result in softness towards octupole vibrations. High spin states in {sup 150}Th and {sup 153}Ho were populated using the {sup 124}Sn({sup 31}P,5n) and {sup 120}Sn({sup 37}Cl,4n) reactions, respectively. In both cases the early implementation phase of Gammasphere was used to detect the decay gamma rays and over 1 x 10{sup 9} triple and higher fold coincidence events were recorded. In {sup 150}Tb, the data analysis is complete and two new SD bands were identified. The fact that Im{sup (2)} moments of inertia are sensitive to the specific high-N intruder content of the SD bands was used to suggest configurations for the two new bands. A paper reporting these results is being prepared. For {sup 153}Ho, data analysis is still in its early stages.

  14. Dy163-Ho163 branching: an s-process barometer

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Beer, H.; Walter, G.; Macklin, R.L.

    1984-01-01

    The neutron capture cross sections of Dy163 and Er164 have been measured to analyze the s-process branching at Dy163-Ho163. The reproduction of the s-process abundance of Er164 via this branching is sensitive to temperature kT, neutron density, and electron density n/sub e/. The calculations using information from other branchings on kT and the neutron density n/sub n/ give constraints for n/sub e/ at the site of the s-process

  15. Therapeutical radiopharmaceuticals based In vivo generator system [166 Dy] Dy/166 Ho

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Ferro F, G.; Garcia S, L.; Monroy G, F.; Tendilla, J.I.; Pedraza L, M.; Murphy, C.A. de

    2002-01-01

    At the idea to administer to a patient a molecule containing in it structure a father radionuclide, with a half life enough large which allows to the radiolabelled molecule to take up position specifically in a white tissue and decaying In vivo to the daughter radionuclide with properties potentially therapeutic, it is known as In vivo generator system. In this work the preparation and the preliminary dosimetric valuations of radiopharmaceuticals based In vivo generator system 166 Dy Dy/ 166 Ho for applications in radioimmunotherapy, in the treatment of the rheumatoid arthritis and in the bone marrow ablation (m.o.) for candidates patients to bone marrow transplant are presented. (Author)

  16. Antiferromagnetism in a 20% Ho-80% Tb alloy single crystal

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Lebech, Bente

    1968-01-01

    20% Ho-80% Tb exhibits two magnetic phases, similar to those of Tb. The spiral turn angle varies from 31.1° to 21.4°. A minimum effective spin for the occurrence of stable simple ferromagnetic structure at low temperatures is predicted....

  17. Spin reorientation phenomena in (R{sub 1-x}R`{sub x}){sub 2}Co{sub 14}B (R = La, R` = Dy and Ho)

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Myojin, T. [Takamatsu Nat. Coll. of Technol. (Japan); Ohno, T. [Tokushima Univ. (Japan). Faculty of Engineering; Mizuno, K. [Tokushima Univ. (Japan). Faculty of Integrated Arts and Sciences; Tsujimura, A. [Faculty of Engineering, Tokushima Bunri Univ., Kagawa Shido (Japan); Kojima, K. [Hiroshima Univ. (Japan). Faculty of Integrated Arts and Sciences

    1997-07-01

    The variations of magnetization with temperature in (La{sub 1-x}R`{sub x}){sub 2}Co{sub 14}B (R` = Dy and Ho) have been measured to determine spin reorientation temperature T{sub SR} of these compounds. The phase diagrams of spin arrangement thus obtained indicate monotonous increase in T{sub SR} with R` concentration x. Also, T{sub SR}`s of R{sub 2}Co{sub 14}B(R = Tb, Dy and Ho) are found to vary linearly with the Stevens factor {alpha} of R. (orig.). 4 refs.

  18. Measurement of cross sections producing short-lived nuclei by 14 MeV neutron. Br, Te, Dy, Ho, Yb

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Sakane, H.; Matsumoto, T.; Yamamoto, H.; Kawade, K. [Nagoya Univ. (Japan); Iida, T.; Takahashi, A.

    1997-03-01

    Nine neutron activation cross sections producing the nuclei with half-lives between 2 min and 57 min have been measured at energy range between 13.4 and 14.9 MeV for Br, Te, Dy, Ho, Yb. The cross sections of {sup 81}Br(n,p){sup 81m}Se, {sup 128}Te(n,p){sup 128m}Sb, {sup 128}Te(n,{alpha}){sup 125m}Sn, {sup 164}Dy(n,p){sup 164}Tb, {sup 165}Ho(n,{alpha}){sup 162}Tb, {sup 176}Yb(n,p){sup 176}Tm were newly obtained at the six energy points between 13.4-14.9 MeV, although the previous results have been obtained at one energy point. {sup 79}Br(n,2n){sup 78}Br, {sup 164}Dy(n,p){sup 164}Tb are compared with evaluated data of JENDL-3.2. The evaluations for these reactions agree reasonably well with experimental results. The cross sections of (n,p) reaction are compared with systematics by Kasugai et. al. The systematics agrees with experimental results. (author)

  19. Synthesis and magneto-structural studies on a new family of carbonato bridged 3d-4f complexes featuring a [CoLn(CO3)] (Ln = La, Gd, Tb, Dy and Ho) core: slow magnetic relaxation displayed by the cobalt(ii)-dysprosium(iii) analogue.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Majee, Mithun Chandra; Towsif Abtab, Sk Md; Mondal, Dhrubajyoti; Maity, Manoranjan; Weselski, Marek; Witwicki, Maciej; Bieńko, Alina; Antkowiak, Michał; Kamieniarz, Grzegorz; Chaudhury, Muktimoy

    2018-03-06

    A new family of [3 + 3] hexanuclear 3d-4f complexes [(μ 3 -CO 3 ){Co II Ln III L(μ 3 -OH)(OH 2 )} 3 ]-(ClO 4 )·mC 2 H 5 OH·nH 2 O (1-5) [Ln = La (1), Gd (2), Tb (3), Dy (4), and Ho (5)] have been prepared in moderate to high yields (62-78%) following a self-assembly reaction between the ligand 6,6',6''-(nitrilotris(methylene))tris-(2-methoxy-4-methylphenol) (H 3 L), Co(OAc) 2 ·4H 2 O and the lanthanide ion precursors in the mandatory presence of tetrabutylammonium hydroxide. During the reaction, atmospheric carbon dioxide is fixed in the product molecule as a bridging carbonato ligand which connects all the three lanthanide centers of this molecular assembly through a rare η 2 :η 2 :η 2 -μ 3 mode of bridging as revealed from X-ray crystallography. The metal centers in all these compounds, except the Gd III analogue (2), are coupled in antiferromagnetic manner while the nature of coupling in the CoGd complex is ferromagnetic. DFT calculations revealed that this ferromagnetic interaction occurs most likely by the Co II -Gd III superexchange, mediated via the bridging oxygen atoms. Only the Co II -Dy III compound (4) displayed a slow relaxation of the magnetization at a very low temperature as established by AC susceptibility measurements. The data provides an estimation of the activation energy U/k B = 9.2 K and the relaxation time constant τ 0 = 1.0 × 10 -7 s.

  20. A critical scattering study of the helical antiferromagnets Ho and Dy

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Gaulin, B.D.; Hagen, M.; Child, H.R.

    1988-01-01

    We have measured the frequency integrated magnetic critical scattering of neutrons from paramagnetic Dy and Ho. Analysis of these data show the paramagnetic to helical antiferromagnetic phase transitions are characterized by the critical exponents ν = 0.57 +- 0.05 and γ = 1.05 = +- .07 for Dy and ν = 0.57 +- .04 and γ = 1.14 = +- .10 for Ho. 3 refs., 2 figs., 1 tab

  1. Eu-, Tb-, and Dy-Doped Oxyfluoride Silicate Glasses for LED Applications

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Zhu, C.F.; Wang, J.; Zhang, M.M.

    2014-01-01

    Luminescence glass is a potential candidate for the light-emitting diodes (LEDs) applications. Here, we study the structural and optical properties of the Eu-, Tb-, and Dy-doped oxyfluoride silicate glasses for LEDs by means of X-ray diffraction, photoluminescence spectra, Commission Internationale...... de L’Eclairage (CIE) chromaticity coordinates, and correlated color temperatures (CCTs). The results show that the white light emission can be achieved in Eu/Tb/Dy codoped oxyfluoride silicate glasses under excitation by near-ultraviolet light due to the simultaneous generation of blue, green, yellow......, and red-light wavelengths from Tb, Dy, and Eu ions. The optical performances can be tuned by varying the glass composition and excitation wavelength. Furthermore, we observed a remarkable emission spectral change for the Tb3+ single-doped oxyfluoride silicate glasses. The 5D3 emission of Tb3+ can...

  2. Synthesis, structures, and luminescent properties of sodium rare-earth metal(III) chloride oxotellurates(IV), Na{sub 2}Ln{sub 3}Cl{sub 3}[TeO{sub 3}]{sub 4} (Ln = Sm, Eu, Gd, Tb, Dy, and Ho)

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Charkin, Dmitri O.; Dorofeev, Sergey G.; Berdonosov, Peter S.; Dolgikh, Valery A. [Department of Chemistry, Lomonosov Moscow State University (Russian Federation); Zitzer, Sabine; Greiner, Stefan; Schleid, Thomas [Institut fuer Anorganische Chemie, Universitaet Stuttgart (Germany); Olenev, Andrei V. [Department of Chemistry, Lomonosov Moscow State University (Russian Federation); Sine Theta Ltd., Moscow (Russian Federation)

    2017-11-17

    Six sodium rare-earth metal(III) chloride oxotellurates(IV), Na{sub 2}Ln{sub 3}Cl{sub 3}[TeO{sub 3}]{sub 4}, isostructural to Na{sub 2}Y{sub 3}Cl{sub 3}[TeO{sub 3}]{sub 4}, were synthesized by flux techniques and characterized by single-crystal XRD. The compounds crystallize in the monoclinic space group C2/c with lattice constants a = 23.967(1), b = 5.6342(3), c = 16.952(1) Aa, β = 134.456(5) for Ln = Sm, a = 23.932(2), b = 5.6044(5), c = 17.134(1) Aa, β = 135.151(6) for Ln = Eu, a = 23.928(1), b = 5.5928(1), c = 17.1133(8) Aa, β = 135.366(3) for Ln = Gd, a = 23.907(1), b = 5.569(3), c = 16.745(1) Aa, β = 134.205(3) for Ln = Tb, a = 23.870(1), b = 5.547(3), c = 16.665(1) Aa, β = 134.102(3) for Ln = Dy, and a = 23.814(1), b = 5.526(3), c = 16.626(1) Aa, β = 134.016(3) for Ln = Ho and Z = 4. Their crystal structure can be considered as a framework built of intergrowing Ln-O and Na-(O,Cl) slabs with channel walls decorated by tellurium atoms of [TeO{sub 3}]{sup 2-} groups. The luminescent properties of the new compounds due to the Ln{sup 3+} cations are described and discussed. We also discuss the crystal chemistry of various alkali-metal rare-earth metal(III) halide oxochalcogenates(IV). (copyright 2017 WILEY-VCH Verlag GmbH and Co. KGaA, Weinheim)

  3. Therapeutical radiopharmaceuticals based In vivo generator system [{sup 166} Dy] Dy/{sup 166} Ho; Radiofarmacos terapeuticos basados en un sistema de generador In vivo [{sup 166}Dy] Dy/{sup 166}Ho

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Ferro F, G.; Garcia S, L.; Monroy G, F.; Tendilla, J.I. [Gerencia de Aplicaciones Nucleares en la Salud, ININ, A.P. 18-1027, 11801 Mexico D.F. (Mexico); Pedraza L, M.; Murphy, C.A. de [Departamento de Medicina Nuclear, Instituto Nacional de Pediatria, Mexico D.F. (Mexico)

    2002-07-01

    At the idea to administer to a patient a molecule containing in it structure a father radionuclide, with a half life enough large which allows to the radiolabelled molecule to take up position specifically in a white tissue and decaying In vivo to the daughter radionuclide with properties potentially therapeutic, it is known as In vivo generator system. In this work the preparation and the preliminary dosimetric valuations of radiopharmaceuticals based In vivo generator system {sup 166} Dy Dy/{sup 166} Ho for applications in radioimmunotherapy, in the treatment of the rheumatoid arthritis and in the bone marrow ablation (m.o.) for candidates patients to bone marrow transplant are presented. (Author)

  4. Solvothermal syntheses, crystal structures, and properties of lanthanide(III) thioarsenates [Ln(dien)2(μ-1κ,2κ2-AsS4)]n (Ln==Sm, Eu, Gd) and [Ln(dien)2(1κ2-AsS4)] (Ln==Tb, Dy, Ho)

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Wang, Fang; Tang, Chunying; Chen, Ruihong; Zhang, Yong; Jia, Dingxian

    2013-01-01

    Solvothermal reactions of Ln 2 O 3 , As and S in diethylenetriamine (dien) at 170 °C for 6 days afforded two structural types of lanthanide thioarsenates with the general formulae [Ln(dien) 2 (μ-1κ,2κ 2 -AsS 4 )] n [Ln=Sm(1), Eu(2), Gd(3)] and [Ln(dien) 2 (1κ 2 -AsS 4 )] [Ln=Tb(4), Dy(5), Ho(6)]. The Ln 2 O 3 oxides were converted to [Ln(dien) 2 ] 3+ complex units in the solvothermal reactions. The As atom binds four S atoms, forming a tetrahedral AsS 4 unit. In 1−3, the AsS 4 units interconnect the [Ln(dien) 2 ] 3+ cations via Ln−S bonds as tridentate μ-1κ,2κ 2 -AsS 4 bridging ligands, resulting in the neutral coordination polymers [Ln(dien) 2 (μ-1κ,2κ 2 -AsS 4 )] n (Ln1). In 4−6, the AsS 4 units coordinate with the Ln 3+ ion of [Ln(dien) 2 ] 3+ as 1κ 2 -AsS 4 chelating ligands to form neutral coordination compounds [Ln(dien) 2 (1κ 2 -AsS 4 )] (Ln2). The Ln 3+ ions are in nine- and eight-coordinated environments in Ln1 and Ln2, respectively. The formation of Ln1 and Ln2 is related with ionic size of the Ln 3+ ions. Optical absorption spectra showed that 1−6 have potential use as semiconductors with the band gaps in the range 2.18−3.21 eV. - Graphical abstract: Two types of Ln-thioarsenates [Ln(dien) 2 (μ-1κ,2κ 2 -AsS 4 )] n and [Ln(dien) 2 (1κ 2 -AsS 4 )] were prepared by solvothermal methods and the soft Lewis basic AsS 4 3– ligand to Ln(III) centers with polyamine co-ligand was obtained. Display Omitted - Highlights: • Lanthanide thioarsenates were prepared by solvothermal methods. • The soft Lewis basic AsS 4 ligand coordinate Ln 3+ ions with coexistence polyamine ligands. • Two structural types of Ln-thioarsenates with structural turnover at Tb were obtained along Ln series. • The Ln-thioarsenates are potential semiconductors with optical band gaps in the range 2.18−3.21 eV

  5. Cytotoxic and genotoxic effect of the [166Dy]Dy/166Ho-EDTMP in vivo generator system in mice

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Pedraza-Lopez, Martha; Ferro-Flores, Guillermina; Arteaga de Murphy, Consuelo; Morales-Ramirez, Pedro; Piedras-Ross, Josefa; Murphy-Stack, Eduardo; Hernandez-Oviedo, Omar

    2004-01-01

    Multiple myeloma and other hematological malignancies have been treated by myeloablative radiotherapy/chemotherapy and subsequent stem cell transplantation. [ 166 Dy]Dy/ 166 Ho-ethylenediaminetetramethylene phosphonate (EDTMP) forms a stable in vivo generator system with selective skeletal uptake in mice; therefore, it could work as a potential and improved agent for marrow ablation. Induced bone marrow cytotoxicity and genotoxicity are determined by the reduction of reticulocytes (RET) and elevation of micronucleated reticulocyte (MN-RET) in peripheral blood and ablation by bone marrow histological studies. The aim of this study was to determine the bone marrow cytotoxic and genotoxic effect of the [ 166 Dy]Dy/ 166 Ho-EDTMP in vivo generator system in mice and to evaluate by histopathology its myeloablative potential. Enriched 166 Dy 2 O 3 was irradiated and [ 166 Dy]DyCl 3 was added to EDTMP in phosphate buffer (pH 8.0) in a molar ratio of 1:1.75. QC was determined by TLC. Dy-EDTMP complex was prepared the same way with nonirradiated dysprosium oxide. A group of BALB/c mice were intraperitoneally injected with the radiopharmaceutical and two groups of control animals were injected with the cold complex and with 0.9% sodium chloride, respectively. A blood sample was taken at the beginning of the experiments and every 48 h for 12 days postinjection. The animals were sacrificed, organs of interest taken out and the radioactivity determined. The femur was used for histological studies. Flow cytometry analysis was used to quantify the frequency of RET and MN-RET in the blood samples. The MCNP4B Monte Carlo computer code was used for dosimetry calculations. Radiochemical purity was 99% and the mean specific activity was 1.3 MBq/mg. The RET and MN-RET frequency were statistically different in the treatment at the end of the 12-day period demonstrating cytotoxicity and genotoxicity induced by the in vivo generator system. The histology studies show that there was

  6. HoTbTi2O7, the mixtures of spin ice and spin liquid

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Chang, L.J.; Terashita, H.; Schweika, W.; Chen, Y.Y.; Gardner, J.S.

    2007-01-01

    Polycrystalline samples of Ho 2- x Tb x Ti 2 O 7 (x=0.5, 1, and 1.5) have been prepared and characterized. No long-range order is observed for HoTbTi 2 O 7 in magnetization and specific heat measurements down to 2 K. The low-energy magnetic excitation measurements suggests that HoTbTi 2 O 7 possesses both characteristics of spin ice and spin liquid in the ground state

  7. Investigation of complexes with bone affinity using the In vivo generator system 166 Dy/166 Ho

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Pedraza L, M.

    2006-01-01

    The importance of this original research lies in the fact that it has proven that the [ 166 Dy]Dy/ 166 Ho-EDTMP in vivo generator system is a stable complex that can be used as a therapeutic radiopharmaceutical. Multiple myeloma and other hematological malignancies have been treated by myeloablative radiotherapy/chemotherapy and subsequent stem cell transplantation. Bone-seeking radiopharmaceuticals such as 166 Ho-DOTMP or 153 Sm-DTMP, have been proposed for delivering ablative radiation doses to marrow in multiple myeloma and other hematological malignancies or have shown excellent results in palliative bone metastasis pain therapy, respectively. As lanthanides have similar chemical characteristics the phosphonate with bone affinity (EDTMP) labeled with Dy/Ho can be used for marrow ablation while causing minimal irradiation to normal organs. This in vivo generator system has not been previously reported. The aim of this research was to label EDTMP (ethylene diamine tetramethylene phosphonate) with 166 Dy/ 166 Ho; to evaluate the in vitro and in vivo stability of both 166 Dy-EDTMP and 166 Ho-EDTMP complexes when the daughter 166 Ho is formed as a dysprosium decay product; to determine the bone marrow cytotoxic and genotoxic effect in mice and to evaluate, by histopathology, the myeloablative potential of the [ 166 Dy]Dy/ 166 Ho-EDTMP in vivo generator system. 166 Dy was obtained by neutron irradiation of enriched 164 Dy 2 O 3 in a TRIGA Mark III reactor. Labeling was carried out in an aqueous phosphate medium at pH 8.0 by addition of 166 DyCl 3 to EDTMP at a molar ratio 1:1.75, with >99 % radiochemical purity, as determined by thin-layer chromatography (TLC) and high-performance liquid chromatography (HPLC). In vitro studies demonstrated that 166 Dy/ 166 Ho-EDTMP is unstable after dilution in saline but stable in human serum with no translocation of the daughter nucleus subsequent to β decay of 166 Dy, which could release free 166 Ho 3+ . Biodistribution in mice

  8. The effects of boron on Tb0.27Dy0.73Fe2 compound

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Wu Lei; Chen Xicheng; Chen Xishen

    1995-01-01

    The magnetostrictive properties and microstructure of Tb 0.27 Dy 0.73 Fe 2 B x (x=0, 0.05, 0.1, 0.15, 0.2) have been investigated. Measurement of magnetic properties, X-ray diffraction and magnetostriction were made on Tb 0.27 Dy 0.73 Fe 2 B x polycrystalline samples prepared by arc melting. With the increase of boron content x, the iron-rich phase which leads to the detriment of magnetostrictive properties, decreases. The matrix phase of these alloys also has the MgCu 2 structure. The lattice constant and Curie transition temperature change only slightly. The doping of boron in the Tb 0.27 Dy 0.73 Fe 2 alloy can restrain the emergence of the iron-rich phase. The peritectic region probably shifts slightly with the addition of boron. ((orig.))

  9. Optical fiber magnetic field sensors with TbDyFe magnetostrictive thin films as sensing materials.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Yang, Minghong; Dai, Jixiang; Zhou, Ciming; Jiang, Desheng

    2009-11-09

    Different from usually-used bulk magnetostrictive materials, magnetostrictive TbDyFe thin films were firstly proposed as sensing materials for fiber-optic magnetic field sensing characterization. By magnetron sputtering process, TbDyFe thin films were deposited on etched side circle of a fiber Bragg Grating (FBG) as sensing element. There exists more than 45pm change of FBG wavelength when magnet field increase up to 50 mT. The response to magnetic field is reversible, and could be applicable for magnetic and current sensing.

  10. Solvothermal syntheses, crystal structures, and properties of lanthanide(III) thioarsenates [Ln(dien){sub 2}(μ-1κ,2κ{sup 2}-AsS{sub 4})]{sub n} (Ln==Sm, Eu, Gd) and [Ln(dien){sub 2}(1κ{sup 2}-AsS{sub 4})] (Ln==Tb, Dy, Ho)

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Wang, Fang; Tang, Chunying; Chen, Ruihong; Zhang, Yong; Jia, Dingxian, E-mail: jiadingxian@suda.edu.cn

    2013-10-15

    Solvothermal reactions of Ln{sub 2}O{sub 3}, As and S in diethylenetriamine (dien) at 170 °C for 6 days afforded two structural types of lanthanide thioarsenates with the general formulae [Ln(dien){sub 2}(μ-1κ,2κ{sup 2}-AsS{sub 4})]{sub n} [Ln=Sm(1), Eu(2), Gd(3)] and [Ln(dien){sub 2}(1κ{sup 2}-AsS{sub 4})] [Ln=Tb(4), Dy(5), Ho(6)]. The Ln{sub 2}O{sub 3} oxides were converted to [Ln(dien){sub 2}]{sup 3+} complex units in the solvothermal reactions. The As atom binds four S atoms, forming a tetrahedral AsS{sub 4} unit. In 1−3, the AsS{sub 4} units interconnect the [Ln(dien){sub 2}]{sup 3+} cations via Ln−S bonds as tridentate μ-1κ,2κ{sup 2}-AsS{sub 4} bridging ligands, resulting in the neutral coordination polymers [Ln(dien){sub 2}(μ-1κ,2κ{sup 2}-AsS{sub 4})]{sub n} (Ln1). In 4−6, the AsS{sub 4} units coordinate with the Ln{sup 3+} ion of [Ln(dien){sub 2}]{sup 3+} as 1κ{sup 2}-AsS{sub 4} chelating ligands to form neutral coordination compounds [Ln(dien){sub 2}(1κ{sup 2}-AsS{sub 4})] (Ln2). The Ln{sup 3+} ions are in nine- and eight-coordinated environments in Ln1 and Ln2, respectively. The formation of Ln1 and Ln2 is related with ionic size of the Ln{sup 3+} ions. Optical absorption spectra showed that 1−6 have potential use as semiconductors with the band gaps in the range 2.18−3.21 eV. - Graphical abstract: Two types of Ln-thioarsenates [Ln(dien){sub 2}(μ-1κ,2κ{sup 2}-AsS{sub 4})]{sub n} and [Ln(dien){sub 2}(1κ{sup 2}-AsS{sub 4})] were prepared by solvothermal methods and the soft Lewis basic AsS{sub 4}{sup 3–} ligand to Ln(III) centers with polyamine co-ligand was obtained. Display Omitted - Highlights: • Lanthanide thioarsenates were prepared by solvothermal methods. • The soft Lewis basic AsS{sub 4} ligand coordinate Ln{sup 3+} ions with coexistence polyamine ligands. • Two structural types of Ln-thioarsenates with structural turnover at Tb were obtained along Ln series. • The Ln-thioarsenates are potential semiconductors

  11. Complex magnetic properties and large magnetocaloric effects in RCoGe (R=Tb, Dy compounds

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Yan Zhang

    2018-05-01

    Full Text Available Complicated magnetic phase transitions and Large magnetocaloric effects (MCEs in RCoGe (R=Tb, Dy compounds have been reported in this paper. Results show that the TbCoGe compounds have a magnetic phase transition from antiferromagnetic to paramagnetic (AFM-PM at TN∼16 K, which is close to the value reported by neutron diffraction. The DyCoGe compound undergoes complicated phase changes from 2 K up to 300 K. The peak at 10 K displays a phase transition from antiferromagnetic to ferromagnetic (AFM-FM. In particular, a significant ferromagnetic to paramagnetic (FM-PM phase transition was found at the temperature as high as 175 K and the cusp becomes more abrupt with the magnetic field increasing from 0.01 T to 0.1 T. The maximum value of magnetic entropy change of TbCoGe and DyCoGe compounds achieve 14.5 J/kg K and 11.5 J/kg K respectively for a field change of 0-5 T. Additionally, the correspondingly considerable refrigerant capacity value of 260 J/kg and 242 J/kg are also obtained respectively, suggesting that both TbCoGe and DyCoGe compounds could be considered as good candidates for low temperature magnetic refrigerant.

  12. Labeling of biotin with 166Dy/166Ho as a stable in vivo generator system

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Ferro-Flores, G.; Monroy-Guzman, F.; Tendilla, J.I.; Garcia-Salinas, L.; Villarreal-Barajas, J.E.; Arteaga-Murphy, C.

    2002-01-01

    Biotin (cis-tetrahydro-2-oxothieno[3,4-d]imidazoline-4-valeric acid) is a 244 Da vitamin found in low concentration in blood and tissue (vitamin H). The aim of this work was to synthesize 166 Dy/ 166 Ho-DTPA-bisBiotin to evaluate its potential as a new radiopharmaceutical for targeted radiotherapy. Dysprosium-166/ holmium-166 chloride was obtained by neutron irradiation of 20 mg of enriched Dy 2 O 3 ( 164 Dy, 99 %, from Oak Ridge NL) in a Triga Mark III reactor at a flux in the central thimble of 3.10 13 n. cm -2 s -1 for 20 h. Following irradiation, the target was allowed to decay for 2 days, then 100 μL of 12 N chloride acid were added and stirred for 1 min. To this solution was added 500 μL of injectable water and the whole was also stirred for 2 min. The average radioactive concentration was 332 MBq/ml. The biotin used in this investigation was covalently conjugated to diethylenetriamine pentaacetic acid (DTPA) through the use of the cyclic anhydride and lysine conjugate to biotin (biocytin) to produce DTPA-α,ω-bis(biocytin amide)(DTPA-bisBiotin). Sterile and apyrogenic V-vial was prepared to contain 2.0 mg (1.9 x 10 -3 mmol) of the DTPA-bisbiotin compound in 1.0 ml of 0.05 M bicarbonate buffer (pH 8.0) and then 20 μL of 166 Dy2Cl3 solution were added to the preparation. Thin Layer Chromatography aluminum cellulose sheets were utilised as the stationary phase and a ternary mixture of methanol:water:ammonium hydroxide (20:40:2) as the mobile phase. 166 Dy/ 166 Ho-DTPA-bisBiotin travelled with the solvent front R f 0.9-1.0 and the Dy +3 /Ho +3 species remained at the origin (R f = 0). The biological integrity of labelled biotin was achieved evaluating its avidity for avidin in an agarose column. Stability studies against dilution were carried out by diluting the radiocomplex solution with saline and with human serum at 310 K. After 10 min and 24 h the radiochemical purity of each 166 Dy/ 166 Ho complex solution was determined by TLC. The complex 166 Dy/ 166

  13. Preparation of 166 Dy/166 Ho-Macro aggregates as an In vivo generator system for the treatment of arthrophaties

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Aldama A, T.K.

    2003-01-01

    The present work reports the obtention of macro aggregates of hydroxides of Dysprosium-166/Holmium-166 ( 166 Dy/ 166 Ho-MH), as a generator system in vivo to be used in the treatment of arthritis rheumatoid. The 166 Dy was obtained by neutron irradiation of 166 DyO 3 (enriched to 98.45%) by 20 h in the TRIGA Mark III Reactor and 50 h of decay, to the oxide of 166 Dy/ 166 Ho formed, it was added HCl 0.12 N to obtain a final volume of 3.5 ml of solution of 166 Dy/ 166 Ho chloride. The solution of 166D yCl 3 solution was obtained with an activity of 3.502 mCi (129 MBq), appropriate for the preparation of the radiopharmaceutical 166 Dy/ 166 Ho-MH. The separation of the 166 Dy from the 166 Ho, was carried out by chromatography in an cation exchange column, gaining an appropriate separation, obtaining a 166 Dy with a radionuclide purity greater than 90%. The 166 Dy/ 166 Ho-MH were prepared by addition to the solution of 166 DyCI 3 NaOH 0.5 N low ultrasonic bath with later centrifugation, decanted and resuspension in saline solution, obtaining a radiopharmaceutical with a generator system 166 Dy/ 166 Ho with particles of size average of 3 μm, in form of 166 Dy / 166 Ho-MH. Under these conditions, it was obtained a radiochemical yield greater than 99%. The microscopic analysis and of filtration showed that the formulation doesn't present particles smaller than to 1 μm, neither greater to 50 μm, which will allow, the quick phagocytosis for the synoviocytes of the synovial membrane, and by consequence, an homogeneous distribution of the radiation dose could exist. The sedimentation velocity for the formulated suspension is of 0.04 cm/min that it will allow the administration of homogeneous activities of the radiopharmaceutical, to the no deposit in the injection devices. The studies of stability in vitro indicate us that inside the articulation, the particles won't probably reduce its size neither their radiochemical purity, for that the flight extra articular will be

  14. Completing the series. New coordination networks of composition {sup 3}{sub ∞}[RE{sub 2}(ADC){sub 3}(H{sub 2}O){sub 6}].2H{sub 2}O with RE = Pr, Nd, Sm, Eu, Tb, Dy, Ho, Er, Y and ADC{sup 2-} = acetylenedicarboxylate ({sup -}O{sub 2}C-C≡C-CO{sub 2}{sup -})

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Gramm, Verena K.; Schuy, Andrea; Ruschewitz, Uwe [Institut fuer Anorganische Chemie, Koeln Univ. (Germany); Suta, Markus; Wickleder, Claudia [Anorganische Chemie, Universitaet Siegen (Germany); Sternemann, Christian [Fakultaet Physik / DELTA, Technische Universitaet Dortmund (Germany)

    2018-02-01

    The crystal structures of {sup 3}{sub ∞}[RE{sub 2}(ADC){sub 3}(H{sub 2}O){sub 6}].2H{sub 2}O (RE = Pr, Nd, Sm, Eu, Tb, Dy) were solved and refined from X-ray single crystal data. They crystallize in a structure type already known for RE = La, Ce and Gd (P1, no. 2, Z = 2), which is characterized by REO{sub 9} polyhedra forming dimeric units being the nodes of a 3D framework structure linked by ADC{sup 2-} anions ({sup -}O{sub 2}C-C≡C-CO{sub 2}{sup -} = acetylenedicarboxylate). From synchrotron powder diffraction data it was shown that isostructural coordination networks are formed for RE = Ho, Er, Y, whereas for RE = Tm, Yb, Lu a new structure type crystallizing in a highly complex crystal structure with a large orthorhombic unit cell is found. All compounds are obtained by slow evaporation of an aqueous solution containing RE(OAc){sub 3}.xH{sub 2}O and acetylenedicarboxylic acid (H{sub 2}ADC). The coordination networks of composition {sup 3}{sub ∞}[RE{sub 2}(ADC){sub 3}(H{sub 2}O){sub 6}].2H{sub 2}O were thoroughly investigated by thermal analysis and for RE = Eu, Tb, a strong red and green photoluminescence was observed and investigated by means of UV/Vis spectroscopy. (copyright 2018 WILEY-VCH Verlag GmbH and Co. KGaA, Weinheim)

  15. Preparation of 166 Dy/166 Ho DTPA-bis biotin as a system of In vivo generator

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Jimenez V, M.R.

    2003-01-01

    The objective of this work was to synthesize the complex 166 Dy/ 166 Ho - diethylen triamine pentaacetic-bis Biotin ( 166 Dy/ 166 Ho DTPA-bis Biotin) to evaluate its potential as a new radiopharmaceutical in directed radiotherapy. The Dysprosium-166 was obtained for neutron irradiation of 164 Dy 2 0 3 in the TRIGA Mark III reactor. The labelled was carried out in aqueous solution to p H 8.0 for addition of 166 Dy Cl 3 to the diethylen triamine pentaacetic-α, ω-bis Biotin (DTPA-bis Biotin). The radiochemical purity was determined for HPLC and ITLC. The biological integrity of the marked biotin is evaluated by the biological recognition of the avidin for HPLC - molecular exclusion with and without avidin addition. The studies of stability in vitro were made in dilutions of saline solution to 0.9% and with human serum at 37 C incubated 1 and 24 hours. The complex 166 Dy/ 166 Ho DTPA-bis Biotin was obtained with a radiochemical purity of 99.1 ± 0.6%. The biological recognition of the complex 166 Dy/ 166 Ho DTPA-bis Biotin for the avidin it doesn't affect the labelling procedure. The studies in vitro demonstrated that the 166 Dy/ 166 Ho DTPA-bis Biotin is stable after the dilution in saline solution and in human serum that there is not translocation of the one radionuclide subsequent son to the beta decay of the 166 Dy that could produce the 166 Ho 3+ liberation. The studies of Biodistribution in healthy mice demonstrated that the one complex 166 Dy/ 166 Ho DTPA-bis Biotin have a high renal distribution. In conclusion the radiolabelled biotin in this investigation has the appropriate properties to be used as an In vivo generator system stable for directed radiotherapy. (Author)

  16. Slow magnetic relaxation and single-molecule toroidal behaviour in a family of heptanuclear {Cr"I"I"ILn"I"I"I_6} (Ln=Tb, Ho, Er) complexes

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Vignesh, Kuduva R. [IITB-Monash Research Academy, IIT Bombay, Powai, Mumbai (India); Langley, Stuart K. [School of Science and the Environment, Division of Chemistry, Manchester Metropolitan University, Manchester (United Kingdom); Swain, Abinash; Rajaraman, Gopalan [Department of Chemistry, Indian Institute of Technology Bombay, Powai, Mumbai (India); Moubaraki, Boujemaa; Murray, Keith S. [School of Chemistry, Monash University, Clayton, VIC (Australia); Damjanovic, Marko; Wernsdorfer, Wolfgang [Institute Neel, CNRS, Universite Grenoble Alpes, Grenoble (France); Institute of Nanotechnology (INT), Karlsruhe Institute of Technology (KIT), Eggenstein-Leopoldshafen (Germany)

    2018-01-15

    The synthesis, magnetic properties, and theoretical studies of three heterometallic {Cr"I"I"ILn"I"I"I_6} (Ln=Tb, Ho, Er) complexes, each containing a metal topology consisting of two Ln{sub 3} triangles connected via a Cr{sup III} linker, are reported. The {CrTb_6} and {CrEr_6} analogues display slow relaxation of magnetization in a 3000 Oe static magnetic field. Single-crystal measurements reveal opening up of the hysteresis loop for {CrTb_6} and {CrHo_6} molecules at low temperatures. Ab initio calculations predict toroidal magnetic moments in the two Ln{sub 3} triangles, which are found to couple, stabilizing a con-rotating ferrotoroidal ground state in Tb and Ho examples and extend the possibility of observing toroidal behaviour in non Dy{sup III} complexes for the first time. (copyright 2018 Wiley-VCH Verlag GmbH and Co. KGaA, Weinheim)

  17. Phase composition of iron-rich R-Fe-Si (R=Dy, Ho, Er) alloys

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Ivanova, G.V.; Makarova, G.M.; Shcherbakova, E.V.; Belozerov, E.V.

    2005-01-01

    Phase composition is studied in iron-rich alloys of R-Fe-Si (R=Dy, Ho, Er). In the as-cast state R 2 (Fe, Si) 17 of type Th 2 Ni 17 and R(Fe, Si) 12 compounds are observed; in the alloys of rated composition of R(Fe 0.85 Si 0.15 ) 8.5 (R=Dy, Er) a compound R 2 (Fe, Si) 17 of Th 2 Zn 17 -type is revealed as well. The annealing at 1273 K results in formation of Dy 3 (Fe, Si) 29 and also the compounds with the presumed composition of Dy 4 (Fe, Si) 41 and Ho 4 (Fe, Si) 41 . As this takes place the alloys contain a transition structure as well that represents a set of small-sized areas with various type short-range order in mutual displacement of Fe-Fe(Si) dumpbell chains. The process of phase formation at 1273 K is faced with difficulties. Even the annealing for 1000 h does not result in the state of equilibrium [ru

  18. Labeling of biotin with Dy-166/Ho-166 as a stable in vivo generator system

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Ferro-Flores, G.; Monroy-Guzman, F.; Jimenez-Varela, R.; Tendilla, J.I.; Arteaga-Murphy, C.; Pedraza-Lopez, M.

    2002-01-01

    Aim: Biotin is a vitamin found in low concentration in blood and tissue. In radioimmunodiagnosis and radioimmunotherapy practice, the pre-targeting avidin-biotin strategy has shown that target-to-nontarget radioactivity ratios can be significantly improved. In addition, the biotin content of cancerous tumors is higher than that of normal tissue and it has been found in the cellular nucleus due to a specific transfer of biotin to histones by human serum biotinidase. Because of its nuclear properties, the 166 Dy/ 166 Ho radionuclide pair can be considered as an in vivo generator system. The aim of this work was to synthesize 166 Dy/ 166 Ho-DTPA-bisBiotin to evaluate its potential as a new radiopharmaceutical for targeted radiotherapy. Material and Methods: Dysprosium-166/Holmium-166 chloride was obtained by neutron irradiation of 50 mg of 99% enriched 164 Dy 2 O 3 in a TRIGA Mark III reactor at a flux in the central thimble of 3.10 13 n. cm -2 s -1 for 20 h. Following irradiation, the target was allowed to decay for 2 days, 100 μL of 12 N chloride acid were added and the mixture stirred for 3 min. To this suspension 1.0 mL of injectable water were added and heated for 2 min at 90 0 C. The biotin used in this investigation was diethylenetriaminepentaacetic-α,ω-bis(biocytinamide)(DTPA-bisBiotin, Sigma). Sterile and apyrogenic V-vial was prepared to contain 16.0 mg (1.52 x 10 -4 mmol) of the DTPA-bisBiotin in 4.0 mL of 0.05 M bicarbonate buffer (pH 8.5), then 50 μL of the radiochloride solution were added to the preparation. TLC aluminum cellulose sheets were used as the stationary phase and a ternary mixture of methanol: water: ammonium hydroxide (20:40:2) as the mobile phase. 166 Dy/ 166 Ho-DTPA-bisBiotin traveled with the solvent front R f 0.9-1.0 and the Dy +3 /Ho +3 species remained at the origin (R f 0.0). HPLC reverse phase was also used to evaluate radiochemical purity. The biological integrity of labeled biotin was achieved evaluating its avidity for avidin

  19. Effect of Nb on magnetic and mechanical properties of TbDyFe alloys

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wang, Naijuan; Liu, Yuan; Zhang, Huawei; Chen, Xiang; Li, Yanxiang

    2018-03-01

    The intrinsic brittleness in giant magnetostrictive material TbDyFe alloy has devastating influence on the machinability and properties of the alloy, thus affecting its applications. The purpose of this paper is to study the mechanical properties of the TbDyFe alloy by alloying with Nb element. The samples (Tb0.3Dy0.7)xFe2xNby (y = 0, 0.01, 0.04, 0.07, 0.1; 3x + y = 1) were melted in an arc melting furnace under high purity argon atmosphere. The microstructure, magnetostrictive properties and mechanical performance of the alloys were studied systematically. The results showed that NbFe2 phases were observed in the alloys with the addition of Nb. Moreover, both the NbFe2 phases and rare earth (RE)-rich phases were increased with the increasing of Nb element. The mechanical properties results revealed that the fracture toughness of the alloy with the addition of Nb enhanced 1.5-5 times of the Nb-free alloy. Both the NbFe2 phase and the RE-rich phase had the ability to prevent crack propagation, so that they can strengthen the REFe2 body. However, NbFe2 phase is a paramagnetic phase, which can reduce the magnetostrictive properties of the alloy by excessive precipitation.

  20. Magnetic Interactions in Tb and Tb-10% Ho from Inelastic Neutron Scattering

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Bjerrum Møller, Hans; Houmann, Jens Christian Gylden; Mackintosh, A.R.

    1968-01-01

    The magnon dispersion relations and lifetimes have been measured in Tb and a Tb‐10% Ho alloy by inelastic neutron scattering, in regions of both ferromagnetic and spiral ordering. In the ferromagnetic phase, the magnon energy is generally finite at zero wavevector and rises quadratically at low q....... The magnon energies scale approximately with the magnetization. In the spiral phase the magnon energy rises linearly from zero at low q. The Fourier‐transformed exchange parameter J(q) has pronounced peaks in the c direction, which are ascribed to transitions between states close to the Fermi surface....... These peaks are less pronounced in the ferromagnetic phase. The primary mechanism limiting the magnon lifetimes appears to be interaction with the conduction electrons. In the alloy, the lifetime for magnons propagating in the c direction in the ferromagnetic phase falls abruptly at about q  =  0.35 Å−1...

  1. Investigation of complexes with bone affinity using the In vivo generator system {sup 166} Dy/{sup 166} Ho; Investigacion de complejos con afinidad osea utilizando el Sistema de Generador in vivo {sup 166} Dy/{sup 166} Ho

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Pedraza L, M

    2006-07-01

    The importance of this original research lies in the fact that it has proven that the [{sup 166}Dy]Dy/{sup 166}Ho-EDTMP in vivo generator system is a stable complex that can be used as a therapeutic radiopharmaceutical. Multiple myeloma and other hematological malignancies have been treated by myeloablative radiotherapy/chemotherapy and subsequent stem cell transplantation. Bone-seeking radiopharmaceuticals such as {sup 166}Ho-DOTMP or {sup 153}Sm-DTMP, have been proposed for delivering ablative radiation doses to marrow in multiple myeloma and other hematological malignancies or have shown excellent results in palliative bone metastasis pain therapy, respectively. As lanthanides have similar chemical characteristics the phosphonate with bone affinity (EDTMP) labeled with Dy/Ho can be used for marrow ablation while causing minimal irradiation to normal organs. This in vivo generator system has not been previously reported. The aim of this research was to label EDTMP (ethylene diamine tetramethylene phosphonate) with {sup 166}Dy/{sup 166}Ho; to evaluate the in vitro and in vivo stability of both {sup 166}Dy-EDTMP and {sup 166}Ho-EDTMP complexes when the daughter {sup 166}Ho is formed as a dysprosium decay product; to determine the bone marrow cytotoxic and genotoxic effect in mice and to evaluate, by histopathology, the myeloablative potential of the [{sup 166}Dy]Dy/{sup 166}Ho-EDTMP in vivo generator system. {sup 166}Dy was obtained by neutron irradiation of enriched {sup 164}Dy{sub 2}O{sub 3} in a TRIGA Mark III reactor. Labeling was carried out in an aqueous phosphate medium at pH 8.0 by addition of {sup 166}DyCl{sub 3} to EDTMP at a molar ratio 1:1.75, with >99 % radiochemical purity, as determined by thin-layer chromatography (TLC) and high-performance liquid chromatography (HPLC). In vitro studies demonstrated that {sup 166}Dy/{sup 166}Ho-EDTMP is unstable after dilution in saline but stable in human serum with no translocation of the daughter nucleus

  2. Preparation of {sup 166} Dy/{sup 166} Ho DTPA-bis biotin as a system of In vivo generator; Preparacion de {sup 166} Dy/{sup 166} Ho DTPA-bis biotina como un sistema de generador In vivo

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Jimenez V, M.R

    2003-07-01

    The objective of this work was to synthesize the complex {sup 166} Dy/{sup 166} Ho - diethylen triamine pentaacetic-bis Biotin ({sup 166} Dy/{sup 166} Ho DTPA-bis Biotin) to evaluate its potential as a new radiopharmaceutical in directed radiotherapy. The Dysprosium-166 was obtained for neutron irradiation of {sup 164} Dy{sub 2}0{sub 3} in the TRIGA Mark III reactor. The labelled was carried out in aqueous solution to p H 8.0 for addition of {sup 166} Dy Cl{sub 3} to the diethylen triamine pentaacetic-{alpha}, {omega}-bis Biotin (DTPA-bis Biotin). The radiochemical purity was determined for HPLC and ITLC. The biological integrity of the marked biotin is evaluated by the biological recognition of the avidin for HPLC - molecular exclusion with and without avidin addition. The studies of stability in vitro were made in dilutions of saline solution to 0.9% and with human serum at 37 C incubated 1 and 24 hours. The complex {sup 166} Dy/{sup 166} Ho DTPA-bis Biotin was obtained with a radiochemical purity of 99.1 {+-} 0.6%. The biological recognition of the complex {sup 166} Dy/{sup 166} Ho DTPA-bis Biotin for the avidin it doesn't affect the labelling procedure. The studies in vitro demonstrated that the {sup 166} Dy/{sup 166} Ho DTPA-bis Biotin is stable after the dilution in saline solution and in human serum that there is not translocation of the one radionuclide subsequent son to the beta decay of the {sup 166} Dy that could produce the {sup 166} Ho{sup 3+} liberation. The studies of Biodistribution in healthy mice demonstrated that the one complex {sup 166} Dy/{sup 166} Ho DTPA-bis Biotin have a high renal distribution. In conclusion the radiolabelled biotin in this investigation has the appropriate properties to be used as an In vivo generator system stable for directed radiotherapy. (Author)

  3. Preparation of {sup 166} Dy/{sup 166} Ho DTPA-bis biotin as a system of In vivo generator; Preparacion de {sup 166} Dy/{sup 166} Ho DTPA-bis biotina como un sistema de generador In vivo

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Jimenez V, M R

    2003-07-01

    The objective of this work was to synthesize the complex {sup 166} Dy/{sup 166} Ho - diethylen triamine pentaacetic-bis Biotin ({sup 166} Dy/{sup 166} Ho DTPA-bis Biotin) to evaluate its potential as a new radiopharmaceutical in directed radiotherapy. The Dysprosium-166 was obtained for neutron irradiation of {sup 164} Dy{sub 2}0{sub 3} in the TRIGA Mark III reactor. The labelled was carried out in aqueous solution to p H 8.0 for addition of {sup 166} Dy Cl{sub 3} to the diethylen triamine pentaacetic-{alpha}, {omega}-bis Biotin (DTPA-bis Biotin). The radiochemical purity was determined for HPLC and ITLC. The biological integrity of the marked biotin is evaluated by the biological recognition of the avidin for HPLC - molecular exclusion with and without avidin addition. The studies of stability in vitro were made in dilutions of saline solution to 0.9% and with human serum at 37 C incubated 1 and 24 hours. The complex {sup 166} Dy/{sup 166} Ho DTPA-bis Biotin was obtained with a radiochemical purity of 99.1 {+-} 0.6%. The biological recognition of the complex {sup 166} Dy/{sup 166} Ho DTPA-bis Biotin for the avidin it doesn't affect the labelling procedure. The studies in vitro demonstrated that the {sup 166} Dy/{sup 166} Ho DTPA-bis Biotin is stable after the dilution in saline solution and in human serum that there is not translocation of the one radionuclide subsequent son to the beta decay of the {sup 166} Dy that could produce the {sup 166} Ho{sup 3+} liberation. The studies of Biodistribution in healthy mice demonstrated that the one complex {sup 166} Dy/{sup 166} Ho DTPA-bis Biotin have a high renal distribution. In conclusion the radiolabelled biotin in this investigation has the appropriate properties to be used as an In vivo generator system stable for directed radiotherapy. (Author)

  4. Cytotoxic and genotoxic effect of the [{sup 166}Dy]Dy/{sup 166}Ho-EDTMP in vivo generator system in mice

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Pedraza-Lopez, Martha [Departamento de Medicina Nuclear, Instituto Nacional de Ciencias Medicas y Nutricion, Salvador Zubiran, Delegacion Tlalpan, Mexico DF 14000 (Mexico); Ferro-Flores, Guillermina [Instituto Nacional de Investigaciones Nucleares, Carretera Mexico-Toluca, Ocoyoacac, Estado de Mexico, CP 52045 (Mexico); Arteaga de Murphy, Consuelo [Departamento de Medicina Nuclear, Instituto Nacional de Ciencias Medicas y Nutricion, Salvador Zubiran, Delegacion Tlalpan, Mexico DF 14000 (Mexico)]. E-mail: consuelo_murphy@yahoo.com.mx; Morales-Ramirez, Pedro [Instituto Nacional de Investigaciones Nucleares, Carretera Mexico-Toluca, Ocoyoacac, Estado de Mexico, CP 52045 (Mexico); Piedras-Ross, Josefa [Departamento de Medicina Nuclear, Instituto Nacional de Ciencias Medicas y Nutricion, Salvador Zubiran, Delegacion Tlalpan, Mexico DF 14000 (Mexico); Murphy-Stack, Eduardo [Hospital Santaelena, Mexico DF (Mexico); Hernandez-Oviedo, Omar [Escuela Superior de Fisica y Matematicas, IPN, Mexico DF (Mexico)

    2004-11-01

    Multiple myeloma and other hematological malignancies have been treated by myeloablative radiotherapy/chemotherapy and subsequent stem cell transplantation. [{sup 166}Dy]Dy/{sup 166}Ho-ethylenediaminetetramethylene phosphonate (EDTMP) forms a stable in vivo generator system with selective skeletal uptake in mice; therefore, it could work as a potential and improved agent for marrow ablation. Induced bone marrow cytotoxicity and genotoxicity are determined by the reduction of reticulocytes (RET) and elevation of micronucleated reticulocyte (MN-RET) in peripheral blood and ablation by bone marrow histological studies. The aim of this study was to determine the bone marrow cytotoxic and genotoxic effect of the [{sup 166}Dy]Dy/{sup 166}Ho-EDTMP in vivo generator system in mice and to evaluate by histopathology its myeloablative potential. Enriched {sup 166}Dy{sub 2}O{sub 3} was irradiated and [{sup 166}Dy]DyCl{sub 3} was added to EDTMP in phosphate buffer (pH 8.0) in a molar ratio of 1:1.75. QC was determined by TLC. Dy-EDTMP complex was prepared the same way with nonirradiated dysprosium oxide. A group of BALB/c mice were intraperitoneally injected with the radiopharmaceutical and two groups of control animals were injected with the cold complex and with 0.9% sodium chloride, respectively. A blood sample was taken at the beginning of the experiments and every 48 h for 12 days postinjection. The animals were sacrificed, organs of interest taken out and the radioactivity determined. The femur was used for histological studies. Flow cytometry analysis was used to quantify the frequency of RET and MN-RET in the blood samples. The MCNP4B Monte Carlo computer code was used for dosimetry calculations. Radiochemical purity was 99% and the mean specific activity was 1.3 MBq/mg. The RET and MN-RET frequency were statistically different in the treatment at the end of the 12-day period demonstrating cytotoxicity and genotoxicity induced by the in vivo generator system. The

  5. Levels and transitions in 160Dy following the decay of 160Tb

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Noordin bin Ibrahim; Stewart, N.M.

    1989-01-01

    The level scheme of 160 Dy has been established from γ-γ coincidence measurement following the β-decay of 160 Tb. Ge(Li) detectors were coupled to a Dual Parameter Spectrometer for data collection. A total of fifteen new gamma transitions were observed. Two energy levels at 1285 and 1288 keV were confirmed while four levels at 1349, 1670, 1694 and 1804 keV were found to be populated for the first time from β-decay of 160 Tb: Three levels at 1230, 1338 and 1507 keV are newly suggested. Relative intensities for the transitions and branching ratios of the energy levels were determined. Comparisons are made with theoretical predictions of IBA calculations, two considerations were taken: normal shell closure (Z 50/82) and subshell closure (Z = 64). (author)

  6. Investigation of complexes with bone affinity using the In vivo generator system {sup 166} Dy/{sup 166} Ho; Investigacion de complejos con afinidad osea utilizando el Sistema de Generador in vivo {sup 166} Dy/{sup 166} Ho

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Pedraza L, M

    2006-07-01

    The importance of this original research lies in the fact that it has proven that the [{sup 166}Dy]Dy/{sup 166}Ho-EDTMP in vivo generator system is a stable complex that can be used as a therapeutic radiopharmaceutical. Multiple myeloma and other hematological malignancies have been treated by myeloablative radiotherapy/chemotherapy and subsequent stem cell transplantation. Bone-seeking radiopharmaceuticals such as {sup 166}Ho-DOTMP or {sup 153}Sm-DTMP, have been proposed for delivering ablative radiation doses to marrow in multiple myeloma and other hematological malignancies or have shown excellent results in palliative bone metastasis pain therapy, respectively. As lanthanides have similar chemical characteristics the phosphonate with bone affinity (EDTMP) labeled with Dy/Ho can be used for marrow ablation while causing minimal irradiation to normal organs. This in vivo generator system has not been previously reported. The aim of this research was to label EDTMP (ethylene diamine tetramethylene phosphonate) with {sup 166}Dy/{sup 166}Ho; to evaluate the in vitro and in vivo stability of both {sup 166}Dy-EDTMP and {sup 166}Ho-EDTMP complexes when the daughter {sup 166}Ho is formed as a dysprosium decay product; to determine the bone marrow cytotoxic and genotoxic effect in mice and to evaluate, by histopathology, the myeloablative potential of the [{sup 166}Dy]Dy/{sup 166}Ho-EDTMP in vivo generator system. {sup 166}Dy was obtained by neutron irradiation of enriched {sup 164}Dy{sub 2}O{sub 3} in a TRIGA Mark III reactor. Labeling was carried out in an aqueous phosphate medium at pH 8.0 by addition of {sup 166}DyCl{sub 3} to EDTMP at a molar ratio 1:1.75, with >99 % radiochemical purity, as determined by thin-layer chromatography (TLC) and high-performance liquid chromatography (HPLC). In vitro studies demonstrated that {sup 166}Dy/{sup 166}Ho-EDTMP is unstable after dilution in saline but stable in human serum with no translocation of the daughter nucleus

  7. Magnetism in RRhGe (R = Tb, Dy, Er, Tm): An experimental and theoretical study

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Gupta, Sachin [Department of Physics, Indian Institute of Technology Bombay, Mumbai 400076 (India); Suresh, K.G., E-mail: suresh@phy.iitb.ac.in [Department of Physics, Indian Institute of Technology Bombay, Mumbai 400076 (India); Nigam, A.K. [Tata Institute of Fundamental Research, Homi Bhabha Road, Mumbai 400005 (India); Lukoyanov, A.V. [Institute of Metal Physics, Russian Academy of Sciences, Ural Branch, Yekaterinburg 620137 (Russian Federation); Ural Federal University, Yekaterinburg 620002 (Russian Federation)

    2015-08-15

    Highlights: • RRhGe (R = Tb, Dy, Er, Tm) compounds show low temperature antiferromagnetic ordering. • All compounds show field induced metamagnetic transitions. • Some of these compounds show large magnetocaloric effect and magnetoresistance. • Change of sign in MR take place on temperature variation. - Abstract: RRhGe (R = Tb, Dy, Er, Tm) compounds have been studied by different experimental probes and theoretical ab initio calculations. These compounds show very interesting magnetic and transport properties. All the compounds are antiferromagnetic with some of them showing spin-reorientation transition at low temperatures. The magnetocaloric effect estimated from magnetization data shows high values in all these compounds. Magnetoresistance is negative near the ordering temperatures and positive at low temperatures. The electronic structure calculations accounting for electronic correlations in the 4f rare-earth shell reveal the closeness of the antiferromagnetic ground state and other types of magnetic orderings in the rare-earth sublattice. These calculations are also in agreement with the experimental results.

  8. Transport properties of RCo_2B_2C with R = Dy, Ho, and Pr single

    Science.gov (United States)

    Duran, Alejandro; Escudero, Roberto

    2002-03-01

    Single crystals of (Dy, Ho, Pr)Co_2B_2C have been grown by a cold copper crucible method. Metallurgical and structural studies indicate that this borocarbide family melts incongruently and crystallizes as a derivative structure of the ThCr_2Si_2. The family accepts rare earth atoms depending on the type of transition metals used to form the compound. For instance with Ni atoms, all lanthanides ranging from the large lanthanum to lutetium ions are reported to form RNi_2B_2C single crystals, so far no single crystals have been obtained when changing Ni by Cobalt. A comparison of the structural parameters of the RCo_2B_2C with the RNiHo, Pr) compounds indicate that the atomic distance between transition metal atoms contracts with the insertion of the Co ion, resulting in an increasing of the c parameter and decreasing volume. Several recent reports published in the current literature related on the physical properties of RCo_2B_2C (R = rare earth metals and Y) have been only performed on polycrystalline samples, they commonly contain small amounts of second phases. High quality single crystals are necessaries in order to better understand the physical properties, such as anisotropy in the transport and in the magnetic properties. In this report we show magnetic susceptibility and resistivity measurements performed in single crystals in the ab-plane and c direction for 2 - 320 K temperature range for the three single crystals of (Dy, Ho, Pr)Co_2B_2C.

  9. Magnetism of DyMn2 and HoMn2 - 57Fe and 119Sn Moessbauer studies

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Krop, K.; Haeufler, T.; Hilscher, G.; Steiner, W.

    1995-01-01

    Moessbauer spectra were measured for two Laves phase compounds DyMn 2 and HoMn 2 in which manganese was substituted to 0.5% with 57 Fe and to 0.2% with 119 Sn. At 4.2 K the 57 Fe and 119 Sn spectra of the Dy compound were unambiguously fitted each with two Zeeman patterns (with relative contributions to the spectra 3:1) corresponding to two different Mn sites - magnetic and nonmagnetic. Transferred hyperfine fields at 119 Sn were found to be proportional to the magnetic moment of Dy and its ferromagnetic component, corroborating the magnetic structure found in neutron diffraction (ND) experiment. The same procedure was carried on with the spectra measured for the Ho compound, but the above mentioned proportionality was not found. ((orig.))

  10. Genotoxic and cytotoxic damage by the therapeutic radiopharmaceutical [166Dy]Dy/166Ho-EDTMP as in vivo generator system

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Pedraza L, M.; Piedras R, J.; Ferro F, G.; Morales R, P.; Murphy S, E.; Hernandez O, O.

    2005-01-01

    In patients with leukemias and multiple myeloma, the cure can be obtained to inclination of a bone marrow transplant (m.o.), for that which one is used a combination of external radiotherapy and chemotherapy with the consequent toxicity to healthy organs. The complex [ 166 Dy]Dy/ 166 Ho-ethylenediaminetetramethylenephosphonate ([ 166 Dy]Dy/ 166 Ho-EDTMP) it forms a generator system in vivo stable with bony selective likeness in mice therefore, this it could work as a therapeutic radiopharmaceutical for bone marrow ablation. The objective of this original work was to determine the genotoxic and cytotoxic damage produced by the [ 166 Dy]Dy/ 166 Ho-EDTMP like a generator system in vivo by means of the reticulocytes reduction (RET) and micronucleus elevation in reticulocytes (RET-MN) in peripheral blood and to evaluate its myeloablative potential for histopathologic studies. It was irradiated 166 Dy 2 O 3 enriched and it was add in form 166 DyCI 3 to the EDTMP in a softening media of phosphates (pH 8), the optimal molar relationship 166 Dy: EDTMP was 1.7:1 and the radiochemical purity was evaluated by ITLC. The Dy:EDTMP complexes, non radioactive, its were prepared in the same way with non irradiated dysprosium oxide. A group of BALB/c mice was injected intraperitoneally with the radiopharmaceutical and two groups of control mice were injected with the non radioactive complex and with sodium chloride 0.9% respectively. Before injecting each one of the solutions it was take a basal sample of peripheral blood of the mouse tail and each 48 h post-injection during 12 d. The animals were sacrificed to obtain the organs of interest and to determine the radioactivity in each one. The femur was used for the histopathologic studies. The quantification of the frequency of RET and RET-MN was carried out by flow cytometry of the sanguine samples and the Monte Carlo code MCNP4B for the dosimetry calculations was used. The radiochemical purity was 99% and in average the specific

  11. Entropy change at the magnetostructural transition in RCo2(R=Dy,Ho,Er)

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Herrero-Albillos, J.; Bartolome, F.; Garcia, L.M.; Casanova, F.; Labarta, A.; Batlle, X.

    2006-01-01

    Differential scanning calorimetry under applied magnetic field has been used to characterize the magnetocaloric effect in ErCo 2 , HoCo 2 , and DyCo 2 . The entropy change ΔS at the first-order magnetostructural transition present in these materials has been studied by inducing the transition; sweeping the temperature at a constant field and sweeping the field at a constant temperature. The corresponding values of ΔS differ significantly due to the broadness of the transition, i.e. the initial and final states involved when the transition is field or temperature induced are different. In the field-induced case, the additional work done by the magnetic field extending through the region in which the transition spread accounts roughly for the observed difference

  12. Recoil and conversion electron considerations of the {sup 166}Dy/{sup 166}Ho in vivo generator

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Zeevaart, J.R. [North-West Univ., Mmabatho (South Africa). CARST; Szuecs, Z. [Nesca (South African Nuclear Energy Corporation Ltd.), Pretoria (South Africa). Radiochemistry; Hungarian Academy of Sciences, Debrecen (Hungary). Inst. of Nuclear Research; Takacs, S.; Jarvis, N. [Hungarian Academy of Sciences, Debrecen (Hungary). Inst. of Nuclear Research; Jansen, D. [Nesca (South African Nuclear Energy Corporation Ltd.), Pretoria (South Africa). Radiochemistry

    2012-07-01

    The use of radionuclides as potential therapeutic radiopharmaceuticals is increasingly investigated. An important aspect is the delivery of the radionuclide to the target, i.e. the radionuclide is not lost from the chelating agent. For in vivo generators, it is not only the log K of complexation between the metal ion and the chelator that is important, but also whether the daughter radionuclide stays inside the chelator after decay of the parent radionuclide. In our previous work, we showed that the classical recoil effect is only applicable for decays with a Q value higher than 0.6 MeV (in the atomic mass range around 100). However, Zhernosekov et al. published a result for {sup 140}Nd/{sup 140}Pr (Q = 0.222 MeV) which indicated that > 95% of the daughter ({sup 140}Pr) was lost by a DOTA chelator upon decay of {sup 140}Nd. The authors ascribed this to the ''post-effect''. Their experiment was repeated with the {sup 166}Dy/{sup 166}Ho generator to ascertain whether our calculations were correct. It was found that 72% of the daughter ({sup 166}Ho) was liberated from the DOTA chelator, indicating that the 'post effect' does exist in contrast to our recoil calculations. Upon further investigation, we determined that one should not only consider recoil energy levels but also the mode of decay which was able to explain the partial recoil found for {sup 166}Dy/{sup 166}Ho. It is concluded for the {sup 166}Dy/{sup 166}Ho system that the low recoil energy of the daughter nucleus {sup 166}Ho is not a sufficient reason to rule out release of the nuclide from chelators. On the other hand, we found that the ratio of the {sup 166}Ho that gets released corresponds to the ratio of relaxation of Ho atoms via the Auger process. (orig.)

  13. KCa4(BO33:Ln3+ (Ln = Dy, Eu, Tb phosphors for near UV excited white–light–emitting diodes

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Allu Amarnath Reddy

    2013-02-01

    Full Text Available A series of doped KCa4(BO33:Ln3+ (Ln: Dy, Eu and Tb compositions were synthesized by solid–state reaction method and their photoluminescent properties were systematically investigated to ascertain their suitability for application in white light emitting diodes. The X–ray diffraction (XRD and nuclear magnetic resonance (MAS–NMR data indicates that Ln3+–ions are successfully occupied the non–centrosymmetric Ca2+ sites, in the orthorhombic crystalline phase of KCa4(BO33 having space group Ama2, without affecting the boron chemical environment. The present phosphor systems could be efficiently excitable at the broad UV wavelength region, from 250 to 350 nm, compatible to the most commonly available UV light–emitting diode (LED chips. Photoluminescence studies revealed optimal near white–light emission for KCa4(BO33 with 5 wt.% Dy3+ doping, while warm white–light (CIE; X = 0.353, Y = 0.369 is obtained at 1wt.% Dy3+ ion concentration. The principle of energy transfer between Eu3+ and Tb3+ also demonstrates the potential white–light from KCa4(BO33:Eu3+,Tb3+ phosphor. Whereas, single Tb3+ and Eu3+–doped systems showed bright green (Tb3+ and red (Eu3+ emissions, respectively. Having structural flexibility along with remarkable chemical/thermal stability and suitable quantum efficiency these phosphors can be promising candidates as white–light–emitter for near UV LEDs.

  14. The effect of Nb and Zr addition on the microstructural features and magnetic properties of Tb0.3Dy0.7Fe1.95

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Palit, Mithun; Arout Chelvane, J.; Basumatary, Himalay; Pandian, S.; Chandrasekaran, V.

    2009-01-01

    Alloys of Tb 0.3 Dy 0.7 Fe 1.95-x Nb x and Tb 0.3 Dy 0.7 Fe 1.95-x Zr x , with x = 0-0.075, were prepared by conventional melting and casting under vacuum. The magnetostriction improved remarkably with the individual addition of Nb and Zr. It is seen from the microstructural features that Nb addition results in the formation of NbFe 2 as the primary phase while Zr addition results in the depletion of (Tb,Dy)Fe 3 phase owing to the substitution of Zr for rare earths in the main phase

  15. Host-sensitized luminescence properties in CaNb2O6:Ln(3+) (Ln(3+) = Eu(3+)/Tb(3+)/Dy(3+)/Sm(3+)) phosphors with abundant colors.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Li, Kai; Liu, Xiaoming; Zhang, Yang; Li, Xuejiao; Lian, Hongzhou; Lin, Jun

    2015-01-05

    A series of Ln(3+) (Ln(3+) = Eu(3+)/Tb(3+)/Dy(3+)/Sm(3+)) ion doped CaNb2O6 (CNO) phosphors have been prepared via the conventional high-temperature solid-state reaction route. The X-ray diffraction (XRD) and structure refinement, diffuse reflection, photoluminescence (PL), and fluorescent decay curves were used to characterize the as-prepared samples. Under UV radiation, the CNO host present a broad emission band from about 355 to 605 nm centered around 460 nm originating from the NbO6 octahedral groups, which has spectral overlaps with the excitation of f-f transitions of Eu(3+)/Tb(3+)/Dy(3+)/Sm(3+) in CNO:Eu(3+)/Tb(3+)/Dy(3+)/Sm(3+) samples. They show both host emission and respective emission lines derived from the characteristic f-f transitions of activators, which present different emission colors owing to the energy transfer from the NbO6 group in the host to Eu(3+)/Tb(3+)/Dy(3+)/Sm(3+) with increasing activator concentrations. The decreases of decay lifetimes of host emissions in CNO:Eu(3+)/Tb(3+)/Dy(3+)/Sm(3+) demonstrate the energy transfer from the hosts to Eu(3+)/Tb(3+)/Dy(3+)/Sm(3+). The energy transfer mechanisms in CNO:Eu(3+)/Tb(3+)/Dy(3+) phosphors have been determined to be a resonant type via dipole-dipole mechanisms. For CNO:Sm(3+), the metal-metal charge transfer transition (MMCT) might contribute to the different variations of decay lifetimes and emission intensity from CNO:Eu(3+)/Tb(3+)/Dy(3+) samples. The best quantum efficiency is 71.2% for CNO:0.01/0.02Dy(3+). The PL properties of as-prepared materials indicate the promising application in UV-pumped white-emitting lighting diodes field.

  16. New intermetallic compounds Ln(Ag, AL)4 (Ln-Y, Gd, Tb, Dy) and their structure

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Kuz'ma, Yu.B.; Stel'makhovich, B.M.

    1990-01-01

    By the methods of X-ray analysis crystal structure of compounds Ln(Ag,Al) 4 , where Ln-Y, Gd, Tb, Dy, posessing rhombic structure, is determined. The intermetallics have been prepared for the first time. Ways of atom distribution and their coordinates in DyAg 0.55 Al 3.45 structure (a=0.4296(1), b=04179(1), c=0.9995(3), R=0.093) are specified. Other compounds are formed in case of LnAgAl 3 compositions. Interatomic distances in Dy(Ag,Al) 4 structure are considered. A supposition is made on the formation in Ln-Ag-Al systems of a greater number of intermetallic compounds

  17. Investigation on the formation of the preferred orientations in a TbDyFe alloy with directional solidification

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Jiang Chengbao; Xu Huibin

    1999-01-01

    The formation of the preferred orientations in a TbDyFe alloy was studied by transmission electron microscopy (TEM). It was found that there were several different preferred orientations in the experimental TbDyFe alloy with directional solidification. left angle 110 right angle, left angle 112 right angle and left angle 113 right angle preferred orientations were observed in this alloy solidified by our self-made super high gradient temperature directional solidification device. The preferred orientations changed with the variation of the solidification conditions. Two {111} twinning systems resulted in the left angle 110 right angle preferred orientation and a single {111} twinning system resulted in the left angle 112 right angle preferred orientation. The twinning displacement was observed and this formatted the left angle 113 right angle preferred orientation. (orig.)

  18. Induced assembly and photoluminescence of lanthanum (Tb, Eu, Dy) complexes/ZnO/polyethylene glycol hybrid phosphors

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Yan Bing [Department of Chemistry, Tongji University, Siping Road 1239, Shanghai 200092 (China)]. E-mail: byan@tongji.edu.cn; Chen Xi [Department of Chemistry, Tongji University, Siping Road 1239, Shanghai 200092 (China); Wu Jianhua [Department of Chemistry, Tongji University, Siping Road 1239, Shanghai 200092 (China)

    2007-08-31

    Some novel kinds of hybrid phosphors were assembled with lanthanum (Tb, Eu, Dy) complexes (with four kinds of terbium complexes is 2,4-dihydroxybenzonic acid (DHBA), 1,10-phenanthroline (phen), acetylacetone (AA) and nicotinic acid (Nic), respectively) doped ZnO/PEG particles by co-precipitation approach derived from Zn(CH{sub 3}COO){sub 2} (Zn(AC){sub 2}), NaOH, PEG as precursors at room temperature. The characteristic luminescence spectra for f-f transitions of Tb{sup 3+}, Eu{sup 3+}, Dy{sup 3+} were observed. It is worthy to point out that ZnO is the excellent host for lanthanum ions by the assembly of PEG matrices.

  19. Genotoxic and cytotoxic damage by the therapeutic radiopharmaceutical [{sup 166}Dy]Dy/{sup 166}Ho-EDTMP as in vivo generator system; Dano genotoxico y citotoxico por el radiofarmaco terpeutico [{sup 166}Dy]Dy/{sup 166}Ho-EDTMP como sistema de generador in vivo

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Pedraza L, M; Piedras R, J [Instituto Nacional de Ciencias Medicas y Nutricion, Salvador Zubiran. Vasco. de Quiroga 15, 14000 Mexico D.F. (Mexico); Ferro F, G; Morales R, P [ININ, Km. 36.5 Carretera Mexico-Toluca, Ocoyoacac, 52045 Estado de Mexico (Mexico); Murphy S, E [Hospital Santaelena, Mexico D.F. (Mexico); Hernandez O, O [Escuela Superior de Fisica y Matematicas, IPN, Mexico D.F. (Mexico)

    2005-07-01

    In patients with leukemias and multiple myeloma, the cure can be obtained to inclination of a bone marrow transplant (m.o.), for that which one is used a combination of external radiotherapy and chemotherapy with the consequent toxicity to healthy organs. The complex [{sup 166}Dy]Dy/{sup 166}Ho-ethylenediaminetetramethylenephosphonate ([{sup 166}Dy]Dy/{sup 166}Ho-EDTMP) it forms a generator system in vivo stable with bony selective likeness in mice therefore, this it could work as a therapeutic radiopharmaceutical for bone marrow ablation. The objective of this original work was to determine the genotoxic and cytotoxic damage produced by the [{sup 166}Dy]Dy/{sup 166}Ho-EDTMP like a generator system in vivo by means of the reticulocytes reduction (RET) and micronucleus elevation in reticulocytes (RET-MN) in peripheral blood and to evaluate its myeloablative potential for histopathologic studies. It was irradiated {sup 166}Dy{sub 2}O{sub 3} enriched and it was add in form {sup 166}DyCI{sub 3} to the EDTMP in a softening media of phosphates (pH 8), the optimal molar relationship {sup 166}Dy: EDTMP was 1.7:1 and the radiochemical purity was evaluated by ITLC. The Dy:EDTMP complexes, non radioactive, its were prepared in the same way with non irradiated dysprosium oxide. A group of BALB/c mice was injected intraperitoneally with the radiopharmaceutical and two groups of control mice were injected with the non radioactive complex and with sodium chloride 0.9% respectively. Before injecting each one of the solutions it was take a basal sample of peripheral blood of the mouse tail and each 48 h post-injection during 12 d. The animals were sacrificed to obtain the organs of interest and to determine the radioactivity in each one. The femur was used for the histopathologic studies. The quantification of the frequency of RET and RET-MN was carried out by flow cytometry of the sanguine samples and the Monte Carlo code MCNP4B for the dosimetry calculations was used. The

  20. Optical absorption, luminescence, and energy transfer processes studies for Dy3+/Tb3+-codoped borate glasses for solid-state lighting applications

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lakshminarayana, G.; Kaky, Kawa M.; Baki, S. O.; Lira, A.; Caldiño, U.; Kityk, I. V.; Mahdi, M. A.

    2017-10-01

    By using melt quenching technique, good optical quality singly doped Dy3+ or Tb3+ and Dy3+/Tb3+-codoped borate glasses were synthesized and studied by optical absorption, excitation, emission and decay lifetimes curve analysis. Following the absorption spectrum, the evaluated Judd-Ofelt (J-O) intensity parameters (Ωλ (λ = 2, 4 and 6)) were used to calculate the transition probability (AR), the branching ratio (βR), and the radiative lifetime (τR) for different luminescent transitions such as 4I15/2 → 6H15/2, 4F9/2 → 6H15/2, 4F9/2 → 6H13/2, 4F9/2 → 6H11/2 and 4F9/2 → 6H9/2,6F11/2 for the 0.5 mol % singly Dy3+-doped glass. The βR calculated (65%) indicates that for lasing applications, 4F9/2 → 6H13/2 emission transition is highly suitable. For all the Dy3+/Tb3+-codoped glasses, Tb3+: 5D3→7F6 emission decay lifetime curves are found to be non-exponential in nature for different concentrations of Dy3+ codoping. Using the Inokuti-Hirayama model, these nonexponential decay curves were analyzed to identify the nature of the energy transfer (ET) processes and here the electric dipole-dipole interaction is dominant for the ET. Based on the excitation and emission spectra and decay lifetimes curve analysis, the cross relaxation and ET processes between Dy3+ and Tb3+ were confirmed. For the 0.5 mol % Tb3+ and 2.0 mol % Dy3+-codoped glass, the evaluated Tb3+→Dy3+ ET efficiency (η) is found to be 45% under 369 nm excitation. Further, for Tb3+/Dy3+ -codoped glasses, an enhancement of Tb3+ green emission is observed up to 1.5 mol % Dy3+ codoping, and this is due to the non-radiative resonant ET from Dy3+ to Tb3+ upon 395 nm excitation. For singly 0.5 mol % Dy3+ or 0.5 mol % Tb3+-doped glass, the calculated color coordinates (x,y) and correlated color temperatures (CCT) represent the neutral white or warm white light regions, whereas Dy3+/Tb3+-codoped glasses (x,y) and CCT values fall in the yellowish green region with respect to the different Dy3

  1. CeNi{sub 3}-type rare earth compounds: crystal structure of R{sub 3}Co{sub 7}Al{sub 2} (R=Y, Gd–Tm) and magnetic properties of {Gd–Er}{sub 3}Co{sub 7}Al{sub 2}, {Tb, Dy}{sub 3}Ni{sub 8}Si and Dy{sub 3}Co{sub 7.68}Si{sub 1.32}

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Morozkin, A.V., E-mail: morozkin@tech.chem.msu.ru [Department of Chemistry, Moscow State University, Leninskie Gory, House 1, Building 3, GSP-1, Moscow 119991 (Russian Federation); Yapaskurt, V.O. [Department of Petrology, Geological Faculty Moscow State University, Leninskie Gory, Moscow 119991 (Russian Federation); Nirmala, R. [Indian Institute of Technology Madras, Chennai 600 036 (India); Quezado, S.; Malik, S.K. [Departamento de Física Teórica e Experimental, Universidade Federal do Rio Grande do Norte, Natal 59082-970 (Brazil)

    2017-03-15

    The crystal structure of new CeNi{sub 3}-type {Y, Gd–Tm}{sub 3}Co{sub 7}Al{sub 2} (P63/mmc. N 194, hP24) compounds has been established using powder X-ray diffraction studies. The magnetism of Tb{sub 3}Ni{sub 8}Si and Dy{sub 3}Ni{sub 8}Si is dominated by rare earth sublattice and the magnetic properties of R{sub 3}Co{sub 7}Al{sub 2} (R =Gd–Er) and Dy{sub 3}Co{sub 7.68}Si{sub 1.32} are determined by both rare earth and cobalt sublattices. Magnetization data indicate ferromagnetic ordering of {Tb, Dy}{sub 3}Ni{sub 8}Si at 32 K and 21 K, respectively. Gd{sub 3}Co{sub 7}Al{sub 2} and Tb{sub 3}Co{sub 7}Al{sub 2} exhibit ferromagnetic ordering at 309 K and 209 K, respectively, whereas Dy{sub 3}Co{sub 7}Al{sub 2}, Ho{sub 3}Co{sub 7}Al{sub 2}, Er{sub 3}Co{sub 7}Al{sub 2} and Dy{sub 3}Co{sub 7.68}Si{sub 1.32} show a field dependent ferromagnetic-like ordering at 166 K, 124 K, 84 K and 226 K, respectively followed by a low temperature transition at 34 K for Dy{sub 3}Co{sub 7}Al{sub 2}, 18 K for Ho{sub 3}Co{sub 7}Al{sub 2}, 56 K for Er{sub 3}Co{sub 7}Al{sub 2}, 155 K and 42 K for Dy{sub 3}Co{sub 7.68}Si{sub 1.32}. Among these compounds, Dy{sub 3}Ni{sub 8}Si shows largest magnetocaloric effect (isothermal magnetic entropy change) of −11.6 J/kg·K at 18 K in field change of 50 kOe, whereas Tb{sub 3}Co{sub 7}Al{sub 2}, Dy{sub 3}Co{sub 7}Al{sub 2} and Dy{sub 3}Co{sub 7.68}Si{sub 1.32} exhibit best permanent magnet properties in the temperature range of 2–5 K with remanent magnetization of 11.95 μ{sub B}/fu, 12.86 μ{sub B}/fu and 14.4 μ{sub B}/fu, respectively and coercive field of 3.0 kOe, 1.9 kOe and 4.4 kOe, respectively. - Highlights: • {Y, Gd–Tm}{sub 3}Co{sub 7}Al{sub 2} compounds crystallize in the CeNi{sub 3}-type structure. • {Gd-Er}{sub 3}Co{sub 7}Al{sub 2} show ferrimagnetic ordering at 309 K, 209 K, 166 K, 124 K and 84 K. • Dy{sub 3}Co{sub 7.68}Si{sub 1.32} exhibits magnetic transitions at 226 K, 155 K and 42 K. • {Tb-Er}{sub 3}Co{sub 7}Al{sub 2

  2. Energy transfer and tunable multicolor emission and paramagnetic properties of GdF3:Dy(3+),Tb(3+),Eu(3+) phosphors.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Guan, Hongxia; Sheng, Ye; Xu, Chengyi; Dai, Yunzhi; Xie, Xiaoming; Zou, Haifeng

    2016-07-20

    A series of Dy(3+), Tb(3+), Eu(3+) singly or doubly or triply doped GdF3 phosphors were synthesized by a glutamic acid assisted one-step hydrothermal method. The samples were characterized by X-ray diffraction (XRD), field-emission scanning electron microscopy (FE-SEM) and photoluminescence (PL) spectroscopy. The results show that the synthesized samples are all pure GdF3. The obtained samples have a peanut-like morphology with a diameter of about 270 nm and a length of about 600 nm. Under UV excitation, GdF3:Dy(3+), GdF3:Tb(3+) and GdF3:Eu(3+) samples exhibit strong blue, green and red emissions, respectively. By adjusting their relative doping concentrations in the GdF3 host, the different color hues of green and red light are obtained by co-doped Dy(3+), Tb(3+) and Tb(3+), Eu(3+) ions in the GdF3 host, respectively. Besides, there exist two energy transfer pairs in the GdF3 host: (1) Dy(3+) → Tb(3+) and (2) Tb(3+) → Eu(3+). More significantly, in the Dy(3+), Tb(3+), and Eu(3+) tri-doped GdF3 phosphors, white light can also be achieved upon excitation of UV light by adjusting the doping concentration of Eu(3+). In addition, the obtained samples also exhibit paramagnetic properties at room temperature (300 K) and low temperature (2 K). It is obvious that multifunctional Dy(3+), Tb(3+), Eu(3+) tri-doped GdF3 materials including tunable multicolors and intrinsic paramagnetic properties may have potential applications in the field of full-color displays.

  3. Study of X-ray L2 absorption edges of Gd, Dy, Ho and Er in metals and compounds

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Agarwal, B.K.; Agarwal, B.R.K.

    1978-01-01

    The positions and shapes of L2 X-ray absorption edges of Gd, Dy, Ho and Er have been studied in metals and in oxides and chlorides, using a forty centimetre bent mica crystal spectrograph. It has been found that the L2 edge shifts towards the high energy side in the compounds and that the chemical shift ΔE depends on the degree of covalency involved. The white line structure at the edge has been analysed in terms of transitions of L2 shell electron to optical nd (n >= 5) states. (author)

  4. Down-shifting by energy transfer in Tb{sup 3+}/Dy{sup 3+} co-doped zinc phosphate glasses

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Caldiño, U., E-mail: cald@xanum.uam.mx [Departamento de Física, Universidad Autónoma Metropolitana-Iztapalapa, P.O. Box 55-534, México, D.F. 09340 (Mexico); Muñoz H, G.; Camarillo, I. [Departamento de Física, Universidad Autónoma Metropolitana-Iztapalapa, P.O. Box 55-534, México, D.F. 09340 (Mexico); Speghini, A. [Dipartimento di Biotecnologie, Università di Verona, and INSTM, UdR Verona, Strada Le Grazie 15, I-37314 Verona (Italy); IFAC CNR, Nello Carrara Institute of Applied Physics, MDF Lab, I-50019 Sesto Fiorentino, FI (Italy); Bettinelli, M. [Dipartimento di Biotecnologie, Università di Verona, and INSTM, UdR Verona, Strada Le Grazie 15, I-37314 Verona (Italy)

    2015-05-15

    An optical spectroscopy investigation of zinc phosphate glasses activated with Tb{sup 3+}/Dy{sup 3+} ions is carried out through photoluminescence spectra and decay time measurements. The emission color can be adjusted from yellow–green light, with CIE1931 chromaticity coordinates (0.36,0.44), toward the white light region (0.35,0.39) by decreasing the Tb{sup 3+} content from 1.0 to 0.1 mol% of Tb(PO{sub 3}){sub 3} upon Dy{sup 3+} excitation at 423 nm. Such visible region luminescence is generated by {sup 5}D{sub 4}→{sup 7}F{sub 5} and {sup 5}D{sub 4}→{sup 7}F{sub 3} emissions of Tb{sup 3+} in addition to {sup 4}I{sub 15/2}→{sup 6}H{sub 15/2}, {sup 4}F{sub 9/2}→{sup 6}H{sub 15/2}, {sup 4}F{sub 9/2}→{sup 6}H{sub 13/2} and {sup 4}F{sub 9/2}→{sup 6}H{sub 11/2} emissions of Dy{sup 3+}, so that Tb{sup 3+} emission is sensitized by Dy{sup 3+} through a non-radiative resonant energy transfer. A dominant {sup 5}D{sub 4}→{sup 7}F{sub 5} green emission is observed in detriment of the {sup 5}D{sub 3}→{sup 7}F{sub J} blue emissions upon 282 nm excitation, as well as an extended excitation range (280–500 nm), due to multiple Dy{sup 3+} and Tb{sup 3+} transitions, which might contribute to enhance the spectral response of solar photovoltaic cells by down-shifting of the incident solar spectrum. - Highlights: • Zn(PO{sub 3}){sub 2} glasses are optically activated with Tb{sup 3+}/Dy{sup 3+} (ZPTbDy). • Non-radiative resonant energy transfer takes place between Tb{sup 3+} and Dy{sup 3+}. • Luminescence can be adjusted from yellow–green light toward the white light region. • ZPTbDy phosphor exhibits spectroscopic properties for photovoltaic applications.

  5. Thermochemical properties of lanthanoid-iron-perovskite at high temperatures. [La, Nd, Sm, Eu, Gd, Tb, Dy

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Katsura, T; Kitayama, K; Sugihara, T [Tokyo Inst. of Tech. (Japan). Faculty of Science; Kimizuka, N

    1975-06-01

    The standard Gibbs energy of formation of C/sup -/FeO/sub 3/(C/sup -/=La, Nd, Sm, Eu, Gd, Tb, and Dy) from metallic iron, C/sub 2//sup -/O/sub 3/, and oxygen has been determined at temperatures from 1473 to 1673 K. Based on the free-energy data, the heat of reaction and the entropy change resulting from the reaction have been calculated. The values of the heat of reaction of LaFeO/sub 3/, NdFeO/sub 3/, SmFeO/sub 3/, EuFeO/sub 3/, and GdFeO/sub 3/ (the first group) were identical, - 107 kcal/mol, at the present temperature interval. However, the values of the heat of reaction of TbFeO/sub 3/ and DyFeO/sub 3/ (the second group) decreased with an increase in the temperature. The entropy change of each reaction in the first group was constant, independent of the temperature, and each value decreased in the sequence from LaFeO/sub 3/ to GdFeO/sub 3/. The entropy change of the second group decreased with an increase in the temperature. The change of the standard Gibbs energy was intimately related to the ionic radii of C/sup -/-ions, and the relationship between the Gibbs energy and the tolerance factor has been clarified.

  6. Ferromagnetic and paramagnetic magnetization of implanted GaN:Ho,Tb,Sm,Tm films

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Maryško, M., E-mail: marysko@fzu.cz; Hejtmánek, J.; Laguta, V. [Institute of Physics of ASCR v.v.i., Cukrovarnická 10, 162 00 Prague 6 (Czech Republic); Sofer, Z.; Sedmidubský, D.; Šimek, P.; Veselý, M. [Department of Inorganic Chemistry, Institute of Chemical Technology, 166 28 Prague 6 (Czech Republic); Mikulics, M. [Peter Grünberg Institut, PGI-9, Forschung Centrum, Jülich D-52425 (Germany); JARA, Fundamentals of Future Information Technology, D52425 Jülich (Germany); Buchal, C. [Peter Grünberg Institut, PGI-9, Forschung Centrum, Jülich D-52425 (Germany); Macková, A.; Malínský, P. [Nuclear Physics Institute of the ASCR v.v.i., 250 68 Řež (Czech Republic); Department of Physics, Faculty of Science, J.E.Purkinje University, České mládeže, 400 96 Ústí nad Labem (Czech Republic); Wilhelm, R. A. [Helmholtz-Zentrum Dresden-Rossendorf, Institute of Ion Beam Physics and Materials Research, Dresden (Germany); Technische Universität Dresden, 01062 Dresden (Germany)

    2015-05-07

    The SQUID magnetic measurements were performed on the GaN films prepared by metal-organic vapour phase epitaxy and implanted by Tb{sup 3+}, Tm{sup 3+}, Sm{sup 3+}, and Ho{sup 3+} ions. The sapphire substrate was checked by the electron paramagnetic resonance method which showed a content of Cr{sup 3+} and Fe{sup 3+} impurities. The samples 5 × 5 mm{sup 2} were positioned in the classical straws and within an estimated accuracy of 10{sup −6 }emu, no ferromagnetic moment was detected in the temperature region of 2–300 K. The paramagnetic magnetization was studied for parallel and perpendicular orientation. In the case of GaN:Tb sample, at T = 2 K, a pronounced anisotropy with the easy axis perpendicular to the film was observed which can be explained by the lowest quasi-doublet state of the non-Kramers Tb{sup 3+} ion. The Weiss temperature deduced from the susceptibility data using the Curie-Weiss (C-W) law was found to depend substantially on the magnetic field.

  7. Studies on the preparation of ferric-hydroxide macro aggregate and hydroxyapatite particles labelled with Sm-153, Ho-166 and/or Dy-165 for radiation synovectomy

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Le Van So; Pham Ngoc Dien; Truong Hong Nghia; Nguyen Thi Thu; Nguyen Cong Duc; Vo Thji Cam Hoa; Bui Van Cuong

    2004-01-01

    The modified methods for the preparation of Hydroxyapatite particle (HA) and Ferric Hydroxide Macro Aggregated (FHMA of high stability and uniformity in particle size and of good geometrical shape suitable for production of radiolabeled carrier for radiation synovectomy purpose were developed. 165 Dy, 166 Ho and/or 153 Sm labeled HA and FHMA were produced using a simple labelling method. (author)

  8. Magnetism of DyMn{sub 2} and HoMn{sub 2} - {sup 57}Fe and {sup 119}Sn Moessbauer studies

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Krop, K. [University of Min. and Metall., Krakow (Poland). Dept. of Solid State Phys.; Zukrowski, J. [University of Min. and Metall., Krakow (Poland). Dept. of Solid State Phys.; Przewoznik, J. [University of Min. and Metall., Krakow (Poland). Dept. of Solid State Phys.; Marzec, J. [University of Min. and Metall., Krakow (Poland). Dept. of Solid State Phys.; Wiesinger, G. [Institute for Experimental Physics, Technical University, Wiedner Hauptstrasse 8-10, A-1040 Vienna (Austria); Haeufler, T. [Institute for Experimental Physics, Technical University, Wiedner Hauptstrasse 8-10, A-1040 Vienna (Austria); Hilscher, G. [Institute for Experimental Physics, Technical University, Wiedner Hauptstrasse 8-10, A-1040 Vienna (Austria); Steiner, W. [Institute for Applied and Technical Physics, Technical University, Wiedner Hauptstrasse 8-10, A-1040 Vienna (Austria)

    1995-05-01

    Moessbauer spectra were measured for two Laves phase compounds DyMn{sub 2} and HoMn{sub 2} in which manganese was substituted to 0.5% with {sup 57}Fe and to 0.2% with {sup 119}Sn. At 4.2 K the {sup 57}Fe and {sup 119}Sn spectra of the Dy compound were unambiguously fitted each with two Zeeman patterns (with relative contributions to the spectra 3:1) corresponding to two different Mn sites - magnetic and nonmagnetic. Transferred hyperfine fields at {sup 119}Sn were found to be proportional to the magnetic moment of Dy and its ferromagnetic component, corroborating the magnetic structure found in neutron diffraction (ND) experiment. The same procedure was carried on with the spectra measured for the Ho compound, but the above mentioned proportionality was not found. ((orig.)).

  9. Crystallization and magnetic characterizations of DyIG and HoIG nanopowders fabricated using citrate sol-gel

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Dao Thi Thuy Nguyet

    2016-06-01

    Full Text Available Dy and Ho iron garnets in form of nanoparticles were synthesized by citrate sol-gel method. Phase formation, lattice constant and average crystallite sizes of the samples were determined via XRD measurements. Morphology and particle size distribution were studied by TEM and chemical composition was checked by EDX. Magnetic measurements in temperature range 5–600 K and in the maximum applied field of 50 kOe were carried out by using SQUID and VSM. Their magnetic parameters, including Curie temperature, magnetization compensation temperature, spontaneous magnetization, high-field susceptibility, magnetic coercivity were discussed in the framework of three interacting magnetic sublattices, magnetocrystalline anisotropy, core-shell model and compared to those of the bulk materials. Based on these analyses further evaluation on the crystallinity and homogeneity of the samples has been made.

  10. Hydrothermal synthesis, characterization, and luminescence of Ca_2B_2O_5:RE (RE = Eu"3"+, Tb"3"+, Dy"3"+) nanofibers

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Yang, Li; Wan, Yingpeng; Li, Yuze; Pu, Yinfu; Huang, Yanlin; Chen, Cuili; Seo, Hyo Jin

    2016-01-01

    Ca_2B_2O_5:RE (RE = Eu"3"+, Tb"3"+, Dy"3"+) nanofibers were synthesized by the hydrothermal reaction method. The structural refinement was conducted on the base of the X-ray powder diffraction (XRD) measurements. The surface properties of the Ca_2B_2O_5:RE (RE = Eu"3"+, Tb"3"+, Dy"3"+) nanofibers were investigated by the measurements such as the scanning electron microscope (SEM), transmission electron microscope (TEM), and the energy dispersive spectrum (EDS). The nanofiber has a diameter of about 100 nm and a length of several micrometers. The luminescence properties such as photoluminescence excitation (PLE) and emission spectra (PL), decay lifetime, color coordinates, and the absolute internal quantum efficiency (QE) were reported. Ca_2B_2O_5:Eu"3"+ nanofibers show the red luminescence with CIE coordinates of (x = 0.41, y = 0.51) and the luminescence lifetime of 0.63 ms. The luminescence of Ca_2B_2O_5:Tb"3"+ nanofibers is green color (x = 0.29, y = 0.53) with the lifetime of 2.13 ms. However, Dy"3"+-doped Ca_2B_2O_5 nanofibers present a single-phase white-color phosphor with the fluorescence decay of 3.05 ms. Upon near-UV excitation, the absolute quantum efficiency is measured to be 65, 35, and 37 % for Eu"3"+-, Tb"3"+-, Dy"3"+-doped Ca_2B_2O_5 nanofibers, respectively. It is suggested that Ca_2B_2O_5:RE (RE = Eu"3"+, Tb"3"+, Dy"3"+) nanofibers could be an efficient phosphor for lighting and display.

  11. Clinical trial of {sup 165}Dy-HMA and {sup 166}Ho-CHICO in the treatment of Rheumatoid knee synovitis

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Kim, S. Y.; Yoo, D. H.; Bae, S. C.; Jun, J. B. [Hanyang University, Seoul (Korea, Republic of); Lim, S. M.; Hong, S. W.; Lee, S. Y.; Cheon, D. G.; Kim, S. J. [Korea Cancer Center Hospital, Seoul (Korea, Republic of)

    1997-07-01

    The untreated, chronic synovial inflammation leads to pannus formation and eventual destruction of the articular cartilage. In cases where medical therapy was unsuccessful, surgical or radiation synovectomy is necessary especially in the knee joints. The advantages of radiation synovectomy over surgical synovectomy are (1) greater destruction of diseased synovium, (2) reduced potential for blood clots and infection, (3) no requirement for anesthesia, and (4) less costly and less time consuming. Recently KAERI developed Dy-165 HMA, which was characterized by the absence of iron and a higher concentration of dysprosium. And then more recently KAERI also developed {sup 166}Ho-CHICO, which was characterized by relatively longer half-life(26.8 hr), more biological due to organic nature of chitosan, more even spatial distribution due to colloidal solution and more absorbable to synovium than Dy-165 HMA. We studied to evaluate the efficacy and safety of radiation synovectomy with Dy-165 HMA and {sup 166}Ho-CHICO in chronic rheumatoid synovitis with knee. The present study indicates that the Dy-165 HMA and {sup 166}Ho-CHICO are an effective and safe agent for radiation synovectomy. But further large scaled long-term follow up study and controlled study with steroid only are required. 15 refs. (author)

  12. Studies on the decay of 160Tb to levels in 160Dy by Ge (Li)-Ge(Li)-coincidence system

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Hassan, A.M.; Abou-Zeid, M.A.; Mekamer, M.

    1981-01-01

    This work concerned with the study of the energy levels and the properties of gamma-ray transitions in 160 Dy resulting from the B-decay of the parent radioactive isotope 160 Tb (72 d.). These studies have been done by means of, single and gamma-gamma coincidence measurements. Log(ft). Internal Conversion Coefficient (ICC) values and the branching ratios have been calculated. The construction and testes of the Ge(Li)-Ge(Li) gamma-gamma coincidence spectrometer are presented. In addition to the previously reported transitions in three new transitions of energies 203, 420 and 1048 keV have been observed for the first time. The energy level at 1288.60 keV is confirmed, due to the presence of the 246 keV and 1005 keV gamma-ray transitions in the singles and gamma-gamma coincidence spectra. Furthermore the B-intensity feeding this level was calculated for the first time to be 0.08%. The log(ft) values of the energy level at 1288.6 keV was calculated for the first time to be 10.79. The energy level diagram of 160 Dy as summerised in the present work consists of 12 excited states, the levels at 581(6 + ) and 1391 keV reported by some authors were not encluded, since no transitions populated or depopulated these levels could be observed

  13. Preparation of {sup 166} Dy/{sup 166} Ho-Macro aggregates as an In vivo generator system for the treatment of arthrophaties; Preparacion de {sup 166} Dy/{sup 166} Ho-Macro agregados como un sistema de generador In vivo para el tratamiento de artropatias

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Aldama A, T.K

    2003-07-01

    The present work reports the obtention of macro aggregates of hydroxides of Dysprosium-166/Holmium-166 ({sup 166} Dy/{sup 166} Ho-MH), as a generator system in vivo to be used in the treatment of arthritis rheumatoid. The {sup 166} Dy was obtained by neutron irradiation of {sup 166} DyO{sub 3} (enriched to 98.45%) by 20 h in the TRIGA Mark III Reactor and 50 h of decay, to the oxide of {sup 166} Dy/{sup 166} Ho formed, it was added HCl 0.12 N to obtain a final volume of 3.5 ml of solution of {sup 166} Dy/{sup 166} Ho chloride. The solution of {sup 166D}yCl{sub 3} solution was obtained with an activity of 3.502 mCi (129 MBq), appropriate for the preparation of the radiopharmaceutical {sup 166} Dy/{sup 166} Ho-MH. The separation of the {sup 166} Dy from the {sup 166} Ho, was carried out by chromatography in an cation exchange column, gaining an appropriate separation, obtaining a {sup 166} Dy with a radionuclide purity greater than 90%. The {sup 166} Dy/{sup 166} Ho-MH were prepared by addition to the solution of {sup 166} DyCI{sub 3} NaOH 0.5 N low ultrasonic bath with later centrifugation, decanted and resuspension in saline solution, obtaining a radiopharmaceutical with a generator system {sup 166} Dy/ {sup 166} Ho with particles of size average of 3 {mu}m, in form of {sup 166} Dy / {sup 166} Ho-MH. Under these conditions, it was obtained a radiochemical yield greater than 99%. The microscopic analysis and of filtration showed that the formulation doesn't present particles smaller than to 1 {mu}m, neither greater to 50 {mu}m, which will allow, the quick phagocytosis for the synoviocytes of the synovial membrane, and by consequence, an homogeneous distribution of the radiation dose could exist. The sedimentation velocity for the formulated suspension is of 0.04 cm/min that it will allow the administration of homogeneous activities of the radiopharmaceutical, to the no deposit in the injection devices. The studies of stability in vitro indicate us that inside

  14. Preparation of {sup 166} Dy/{sup 166} Ho-Macro aggregates as an In vivo generator system for the treatment of arthrophaties; Preparacion de {sup 166} Dy/{sup 166} Ho-Macro agregados como un sistema de generador In vivo para el tratamiento de artropatias

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Aldama A, T K

    2003-07-01

    The present work reports the obtention of macro aggregates of hydroxides of Dysprosium-166/Holmium-166 ({sup 166} Dy/{sup 166} Ho-MH), as a generator system in vivo to be used in the treatment of arthritis rheumatoid. The {sup 166} Dy was obtained by neutron irradiation of {sup 166} DyO{sub 3} (enriched to 98.45%) by 20 h in the TRIGA Mark III Reactor and 50 h of decay, to the oxide of {sup 166} Dy/{sup 166} Ho formed, it was added HCl 0.12 N to obtain a final volume of 3.5 ml of solution of {sup 166} Dy/{sup 166} Ho chloride. The solution of {sup 166D}yCl{sub 3} solution was obtained with an activity of 3.502 mCi (129 MBq), appropriate for the preparation of the radiopharmaceutical {sup 166} Dy/{sup 166} Ho-MH. The separation of the {sup 166} Dy from the {sup 166} Ho, was carried out by chromatography in an cation exchange column, gaining an appropriate separation, obtaining a {sup 166} Dy with a radionuclide purity greater than 90%. The {sup 166} Dy/{sup 166} Ho-MH were prepared by addition to the solution of {sup 166} DyCI{sub 3} NaOH 0.5 N low ultrasonic bath with later centrifugation, decanted and resuspension in saline solution, obtaining a radiopharmaceutical with a generator system {sup 166} Dy/ {sup 166} Ho with particles of size average of 3 {mu}m, in form of {sup 166} Dy / {sup 166} Ho-MH. Under these conditions, it was obtained a radiochemical yield greater than 99%. The microscopic analysis and of filtration showed that the formulation doesn't present particles smaller than to 1 {mu}m, neither greater to 50 {mu}m, which will allow, the quick phagocytosis for the synoviocytes of the synovial membrane, and by consequence, an homogeneous distribution of the radiation dose could exist. The sedimentation velocity for the formulated suspension is of 0.04 cm/min that it will allow the administration of homogeneous activities of the radiopharmaceutical, to the no deposit in the injection devices. The studies of stability in vitro indicate us that inside the

  15. Coercivity enhancement of Dy-free Nd–Fe–B sintered magnets by intergranular adding Ho{sub 63.4}Fe{sub 36.6} alloy

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Liang, Liping; Ma, Tianyu, E-mail: maty@zju.edu.cn; Wu, Chen; Zhang, Pei; Liu, Xiaolian; Yan, Mi, E-mail: mse_yanmi@zju.edu.cn

    2016-01-01

    High coercivity Nd–Fe–B sintered magnets serving in high-temperature environments always consume expensive and scarce heavy rare-earth Dy, which has simulated considerable interest to reduce Dy usage. In this work, coercivity of Dy-free magnets was investigated through intergranular adding eutectic Ho{sub 63.4}Fe{sub 36.6} powders. The coercivity increases gradually up to 4 wt% Ho{sub 63.4}Fe{sub 36.6} addition, however the remanence starts to deteriorate drastically as the addition is over 2.5 wt%. Coercivity above 18.0 kOe is obtained at the expense of a slight reduction in remanence through optimizing the addition amount and sintering conditions. The coercivity enhancement is explained through microstructural observations and elemental distribution analysis. (i) (Nd, Ho){sub 2}Fe{sub 14}B shell forms in the outer region of 2:14:1 phase grains, strengthening the local magnetic anisotropy filed, (ii) RE-rich grain boundary phase with low Fe content is thickened, weakening the magnetic coupling between adjacent 2:14:1 phase grains, and (iii) 2:14:1 phase grains are refined upon lowering sintering temperature, reducing the microstructural defects and the stray fields aroused from neighboring grains. - Highlights: • Eutectic Ho{sub 63.4}Fe{sub 36.6} powders were intergranular added to NdFeB sintered magnets. • The doped Dy-free magnet possessed coercivity of 18.0 kOe, remanence of 13.15 kGs. • (Nd, Ho){sub 2}Fe{sub 14}B shell formed in the surface of the matrix grains, increasing the H{sub A}. • Thick grain boundaries with low Fe content formed, decoupling the matrix grains. • By sintered at lower temperature, the matrix phase grains were refined.

  16. Resonance spin memory in low-energy gamma-ray spectra from Sb, Tb, Ho and Ta odd-odd compound nuclei

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Olejniczak, U.; Gundorin, N.A.; Pikelner, L.B.; Serov, D.G.; Przytula, M.

    2002-01-01

    The low-energy gamma-ray spectra from neutron resonance capture with natural samples of Sb, Tb, Ho and Ta were measured using a HPGe detector at the IBR-30 pulsed reactor (JINR, Dubna). The resonance spin memory effect in the spectra from the odd-odd compound nuclei of 122 Sb, 160 Tb and 166 Ho was found to be quite distinct. For the 182 Ta compound nucleus it proved to be rather weak

  17. Predictable self-assembled [2×2] Ln(III)4 square grids (Ln = Dy,Tb)-SMM behaviour in a new lanthanide cluster motif.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Anwar, Muhammad Usman; Thompson, Laurence Kenneth; Dawe, Louise Nicole; Habib, Fatemah; Murugesu, Muralee

    2012-05-14

    The ditopic carbohydrazone ligand (L1) produces the square, self-assembled [2×2] grids [Dy(4)(L1)(4)(OH)(4)]Cl(2) (1) and [Ln(4)(L1)(4)(μ(4)-O)(μ(2)-1,1-N(3))(4)] (Ln = Dy (2), Tb (3)), with 2 exhibiting SMM behaviour. Two relaxation processes occur with U(eff) = 51 K, 91 K in the absence of an external field, and one with U(eff) = 270 K in the presence of a 1600 Oe optimum field. This journal is © The Royal Society of Chemistry 2012

  18. Hyperfine interaction studies of the perovskite oxides of the type RCrO3 (R = Gd, Tb e Dy)

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Silva, Renilson Adriano da

    2009-01-01

    ABO 3 perovskite oxides have ideal cubic structure, however, some distortions in this type of structure may induce changes from cubic to orthorhombic or rhombroedric symmetry. The larger atoms A are located at the center of a cube, the B atoms are on 8 vertices and oxygen atoms occupy 12 positions in the middle of each side of the cube. Distortions in this structure may lead to new magnetic and electrical properties, with great scientific and technological interest. In this work RCrO 3 (R = Gd, Tb, Dγ) compounds (also known as orthocromites) were studied. The samples were produced by means of sol-gel chemical procedure and analyzed by X-Ray Diffraction. The results showed a single phase with Pbnm space group. The perturbed gamma-gamma angular correlation (PAC) measurements were carried out using 181 Hf( 181 Ta) and 111 In( 111 Cd) nuclear probes, which substitute 'A' and 'B' positions respectively. The probe nuclei were introduced in the samples during the chemical procedures for preparation. One of the objectives of this work's was to study the hyperfine magnetic field and its variation as a function of temperature, crystallographic structure as well as the antiferromagnetic transition temperature (T N ). The PAC Measurements were carried out in the temperature range of 20 to 300 K for R = Gd, Tb and 20 to 800 K in the case of R = Dγ from. Electric field gradient was also measured as a function of temperature. It was possible to observe the expected transition as well as the alignment of Cr spins, as found in literature. The Neel temperatures (TN) for investigated samples are ∼170 K, ∼164 K and ∼148 K for GdCrO 3 , TbCrO 3 and DyCrO 3 respectively. (author)

  19. Measurement of the K X-ray absorption jump factors and jump ratios of Gd, Dy, Ho and Er by attenuation of a Compton peak

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Budak, G.; Polat, R.

    2004-01-01

    The X-ray absorption jump factor and jump ratio of Gd, Dy, Ho and Er were measured with a Si(Li) detector by attenuation, with Gd, Dy, Ho and Er foil, a Compton peak produced by the scattering of the 59.5 keV Am-241 Gamma rays. Al was chosen as secondary exciter. The experimental absorption jump factors and jump ratios are compared with the theoretical estimates of WinXcom (Radiat. Phys. Chem. 60 (2001) 23), McMaster (Compilation of X-ray cross sections UCRL-50174, 1969; Sec. II. Rev. I), Broll (X-ray Spectrom 15 (1986) 271), Hubbel and Seltzer (NISTIR (1995) 5632) and Budak (Radiat. Meas. accepted for publication). The present results constitute the first measurement for this combination of energy and elements, and good agreement is obtained between experiment and theory

  20. Crystal structure and Mössbauer studies of the isotypic Fe6-cluster compounds RE15[Fe8C25], RE=Dy, Ho

    KAUST Repository

    Davaasuren, Bambar

    2015-05-01

    The carboferrates RE15[Fe8C25] (RE=Dy, Ho) were prepared from mixtures of the elements by arc-melting followed with subsequent annealing at 1373 K. The crystal structures were determined from single crystal X-ray diffraction data and revealed an isotypic relationship to Er15[Fe8C25] (hP48, P321). The main feature of the crystal structure is given by Fe6 cluster units characterized by covalent Fe-Fe bonding interactions. 57Fe Mössbauer spectra of Dy15[Fe8C25] were fitted by three subspectra with relative spectral weights of about 3:3:2 which is in general agreement with the crystal structure. Below 50 K, an onset of magnetic hyperfine fields at the three iron sites is observed which is supposed to be caused by dipolar fields arising from neighboring, slowly relaxing Dy magnetic moments.

  1. Comparison of the Supercooled Spin Liquid States in the Pyrochlore Magnets Dy2Ti2O7 and Ho2Ti2O7

    Science.gov (United States)

    Eyal, Anna; Eyvazov, Azar B.; Dusad, Ritika; Munsie, Timothy J. S.; Luke, Graeme M.; Davis, J. C. Séamus

    Despite a well-ordered crystal structure and strong magnetic interactions between the Dy or Ho ions, no long-range magnetic order has been detected in the pyrochlore titanates Ho2Ti2O7 and Dy2Ti2O7. The low temperature state in these materials is governed by spin-ice rules. These constrain the Ising like spins in the materials, yet does not result in a global broken symmetry state. To explore the actual magnetic phases, we simultaneously measure the time- and frequency-dependent magnetization dynamics of Dy2Ti2O7 and Ho2Ti2O7 using toroidal, boundary-free magnetization transport techniques. We demonstrate a distinctive behavior of the magnetic susceptibility of both compounds, that is indistinguishable in form from the permittivity of supercooled dipolar liquids. Moreover, we show that the microscopic magnetic relaxation times for both materials increase along a super-Arrhenius trajectory also characteristic of supercooled glass-forming liquids. Both materials therefore exhibit characteristics of a supercooled spin liquid. Strongly-correlated dynamics of loops of spins is suggested as a possible mechanism which could account for these findings. Potential connections to many-body spin localization will also be discussed.

  2. Rhombus-shaped tetranuclear [Ln4] complexes [Ln = Dy(III) and Ho(III)]: synthesis, structure, and SMM behavior.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Chandrasekhar, Vadapalli; Hossain, Sakiat; Das, Sourav; Biswas, Sourav; Sutter, Jean-Pascal

    2013-06-03

    The reaction of a new hexadentate Schiff base hydrazide ligand (LH3) with rare earth(III) chloride salts in the presence of triethylamine as the base afforded two planar tetranuclear neutral complexes: [{(LH)2Dy4}(μ2-O)4](H2O)8·2CH3OH·8H2O (1) and [{(LH)2Ho4}(μ2-O)4](H2O)8·6CH3OH·4H2O (2). These neutral complexes possess a structure in which all of the lanthanide ions and the donor atoms of the ligand remain in a perfect plane. Each doubly deprotonated ligand holds two Ln(III) ions in its two distinct chelating coordination pockets to form [LH(Ln)2](4+) units. Two such units are connected by four [μ2-O](2-) ligands to form a planar tetranuclear assembly with an Ln(III)4 core that possesses a rhombus-shaped structure. Detailed static and dynamic magnetic analysis of 1 and 2 revealed single-molecule magnet (SMM) behavior for complex 1. A peculiar feature of the χM" versus temperature curve is that two peaks that are frequency-dependent are revealed, indicating the occurrence of two relaxation processes that lead to two energy barriers (16.8 and 54.2 K) and time constants (τ0 = 1.4 × 10(-6) s, τ0 = 7.2 × 10(-7) s). This was related to the presence of two distinct geometrical sites for Dy(III) in complex 1.

  3. Microstructural, magnetic and magnetostrictive properties of Tb0.3Dy0.7Fe1.95 prepared by solidification in a high magnetic field

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Liu Tie; Liu Yin; Wang Qiang; Gao Pengfei; He Jicheng; Iwai, Kazuhiko

    2013-01-01

    The microstructure evolution and magnetization and magnetostriction properties of Tb 0.3 Dy 0.7 Fe 1.95 alloy solidified in a high magnetic field were investigated. A cellular microstructure was produced, with the grains highly aligned along the direction of the magnetic field. The (Tb,Dy)Fe 2 phase was highly oriented, with its 〈1 1 1〉 axis along the magnetic field direction. The easy magnetization direction of the alloy lay along the magnetic field direction. The magnetostriction at room temperature significantly increased to double that of the sample prepared without high magnetic field; in addition, a sharp rise in the initial magnetostriction at low fields was observed. Applying a high magnetic field during the solidification process is proposed as an effective route for fabricating 〈1 1 1〉 oriented Tb–Dy–Fe compounds, and improving their magnetic and magnetostrictive properties. (paper)

  4. Thermal decomposition of RE(C2H5CO2)3·H2O (RE = Dy, Tb, Gd, Eu and Sm)

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Grivel, Jean-Claude

    2014-01-01

    The thermal decomposition of Dy(III), Tb(III), Gd(III), Eu(III), and Sm(III) propionate monohydrates was studied in argon by means of simultaneous differential thermal analysis and thermogravimetry, infrared-spectroscopy, X-ray diffraction, and optical microscopy. After dehydration, which takes......, an intermediate stage involving a RE2O(C2H5CO2)4 composition was evidenced in the case of the Eu- and Sm-propionates. For all compounds, further decomposition of RE2O2CO3 into the corresponding sesquioxides (RE2O3) is accompanied by the release of CO2. The thermal decomposition of Dy- and Tb-propionates occurs...

  5. Characterization, electrical transport and magnetic properties of the rare earth misfit layer compounds (TbS)(1.21)NbS2, (TbS)(1.20)TaS2, (DyS)(1.22)NbS2 and (DyS)(1.21)TaS2

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Zhou, W.Y.; Meetsma, A.; deBoer, J.L.; Wiegers, G.A

    1996-01-01

    X-ray powder and single-crystal X-ray diffraction of the title compounds showed that they are planar intergrowth compounds, built of alternating sandwiches TS2 (T=Nb, Ta) and double layers LnS (Ln=Tb, Dy), present in three orientational variants related by rotations of 120 degrees around the c axis

  6. Tunable emission in Ln3+ (Ce3+/Dy3+, Ce3+/Tb3+) doped KNa3Al4Si4O16 phosphor synthesized by combustion method

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kolte, M. M.; Pawade, V. B.; Bhattacharya, A. B.; Dhoble, S. J.

    2018-05-01

    Ln3+ (Ln = Ce3+/Dy3+, Ce3+/Tb3+) doped KNa3Al4Si4O16 phosphor has been synthesized by Combustion method (CS) at 550° C successfully. Ln3+ (Ln = Ce3+, Dy3+, Tb3+) ions when doped in KNa3Al4Si4O16 host lattice, it shows blue and green emission band under the near Ultraviolet (NUV) excitation wavelength. The Photoluminescence excitation (PLE) and emission spectra are observed due to f-f and d-f transition of rare earth ions. Also, an effective energy transfer (ET) study from Ce3+ → Dy3+ and Ce3+ → Tb3+ ions has been studied and confirmed on the basis of Dexter-Foster theory. Further synthesized phosphor is well characterized by XRD, SEM, TEM and decay time measurement. However, the analysis of crystallite size, lattice strain has been studied by using theoretical as well as experimental techniques. Hence, the observed tunable emission in Ln3+ doped KNa3Al4Si4O16 phosphor may be applicable for solid state lighting technology.

  7. Enhanced fluorescence of Tb(III), Dy(III) perchlorate by salicylic acid in bis(benzoylmethyl) sulfoxide complexes and luminescence mechanism

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Li Wenxian; Zheng Yushan; Sun Xiaojun; Chai Wenjuan; Ren Tie; Shi Xiaoyan

    2010-01-01

    Two novel ternary rare earth perchlorate complexes had been synthesized by using bis(benzoylmethyl) sulfoxide as first ligand (L=C 6 H 5 COCH 2 SOCH 2 COC 6 H 5 ), salicylic acid as second ligand (L ' =C 6 H 4 OHCOO - ). The compounds were characterized by elemental analysis, TG-DSC and molar conductivities in DMF solution. The composition was suggested as [REL 5 L'](ClO 4 ) 2 .nH 2 O (RE=Tb, Dy; n=6, 8 ). Based on IR, 1 HNMR and UV spectra, it showed that the first ligand, bis(benzoylmethyl) sulfoxide (L), bonded with Tb(III), Dy(III) ions by the oxygen atom of sulfinyl group. The second ligand, salicylic acid group (L'), not only bonded with RE(III) ions by one oxygen atom of carboxyl group but also bonded with RE(III) ions by oxygen atom of phenolic hydroxyl group. In bis(benzoylmethyl) sulfoxide system, fluorescent spectra of the complexes showed that the luminescence of Tb(III), Dy(III) ions was enhanced by the second ligand salicylic acid. The ternary complexes had stronger fluorescence than the binary ones where only bis(benzoylmethyl) sulfoxide acted as ligand. Phosphorescent spectra of the two ligands indicated that the coordination of salicylic acid resulted in the matching extent increasing between the triplet state of ligand and excited state of the rare earths. The relationship between fluorescence lifetime and fluorescence intensity was also discussed.

  8. Magnetostriction-strain-induced enhancement and modulation of photovoltaic performance in Si-p-n/Tb{sub x}Dy{sub 1-x}Fe{sub 2} composite

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Wu, Zheng [School of Materials Science and Technology, China University of Geosciences, Beijing (China); Department of Physics and College of Geography and Environmental Sciences, Zhejiang Normal University, Jinhua (China); Zhang, Yihe [School of Materials Science and Technology, China University of Geosciences, Beijing (China); Fang, Cong; Ma, Ke; Lin, He; Jia, Yanmin; Chen, Jianrong [Department of Physics and College of Geography and Environmental Sciences, Zhejiang Normal University, Jinhua (China); Wang, Yu; Chan, Helen Lai Wa [Department of Applied Physics, The Hong Kong Polytechnic University (China)

    2014-03-15

    High photovoltaic efficiency is a key index in the application of silicon (Si) solar cells. In this study, a composite of a photovoltaic Si p-n junction solar cell and a magnetostrictive Tb{sub x}Dy{sub 1-x}Fe{sub 2} alloy was fabricated. By utilizing the magnetostrictive strain to modulate the energy bandgap of Si, the open-circuit voltage and the maximum photovoltaic output power of the Si p-n junction solar cell could be enhanced by ∝12% and 9.1% under a dc magnetic field of ∝250 mT, respectively. The significantly enhanced photovoltaic performance and the simple fabrication process make the Si-p-n/Tb{sub x}Dy{sub 1-x}Fe{sub 2} composite a promising material for high-efficiency solar cell devices. The structure of the proposed Si-p-n/Tb{sub x}Dy{sub 1-x}Fe{sub 2} laminated composite. (copyright 2014 WILEY-VCH Verlag GmbH and Co. KGaA, Weinheim)

  9. Intermediate magnetization state and competing orders in Dy2Ti2O7 and Ho2Ti2O7

    Science.gov (United States)

    Borzi, R. A.; Gómez Albarracín, F. A.; Rosales, H. D.; Rossini, G. L.; Steppke, A.; Prabhakaran, D.; Mackenzie, A. P.; Cabra, D. C.; Grigera, S. A.

    2016-01-01

    Among the frustrated magnetic materials, spin-ice stands out as a particularly interesting system. Residual entropy, freezing and glassiness, Kasteleyn transitions and fractionalization of excitations in three dimensions all stem from a simple classical Hamiltonian. But is the usual spin-ice Hamiltonian a correct description of the experimental systems? Here we address this issue by measuring magnetic susceptibility in the two most studied spin-ice compounds, Dy2Ti2O7 and Ho2Ti2O7, using a vector magnet. Using these results, and guided by a theoretical analysis of possible distortions to the pyrochlore lattice, we construct an effective Hamiltonian and explore it using Monte Carlo simulations. We show how this Hamiltonian reproduces the experimental results, including the formation of a phase of intermediate polarization, and gives important information about the possible ground state of real spin-ice systems. Our work suggests an unusual situation in which distortions might contribute to the preservation rather than relief of the effects of frustration. PMID:27558021

  10. Local rhombohedral symmetry in Tb0.3Dy0.7Fe2 near the morphotropic phase boundary

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Ma, Tianyu; Liu, Xiaolian; Pan, Xingwen; Li, Xiang; Jiang, Yinzhu; Yan, Mi; Li, Huiying; Fang, Minxia; Ren, Xiaobing

    2014-01-01

    The recently reported morphotropic phase boundary (MPB) in a number of giant magnetostrictive materials (GMMs) has drawn considerable interest to the local symmetry/structure near MPB region of these materials. In this letter, by in-situ X-ray diffraction and AC magnetic susceptibility measurements, we show that Tb 0.3 Dy 0.7 Fe 2 , the typical composition of Terfenol-D GMMs, has coexistence of rhombohedral and tetragonal phases over a wide temperature range in the vicinity of MPB. High resolution transmission electron microscopy provides direct evidence for local rhombohedral symmetry of the ferromagnetic phase and reveals regular-shaped nanoscale domains below 10 nm. The nano-sized structural/magnetic domains are hierarchically inside a single micron-sized stripe-like domain with the same average magnetization direction. Such domain structures are consistent with the low magnetocrystalline anisotropy and easy magnetic/structural domain switching under magnetic field, thus generating large magnetostriction at low field

  11. Magnetocrystalline anisotropy in a (110) (Tb0.27Dy0.73)Fe2 thin-film

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Fuente, C de la; Arnaudas, J I; Benito, L; Ciria, M; Moral, A del; Dufour, C; Dumesnil, K

    2004-01-01

    Magnetic anisotropy measurements performed in a (110) (Tb 0.27 Dy 0.73 )Fe 2 (Terfenol-D) film epitaxially grown on a sapphire substrate are presented. The magnetic torque curves have been determined by using a vectorial vibrating sample magnetometer, which allows us to measure the angular dependence of magnetization components parallel, M parallel , and perpendicular, M perp , to the applied field up to 2 T. The fourfold symmetry associated with the cubic structure within the (110) plane is clearly observed. The analysis of the experimental torque has been carried out considering magnetocrystalline anisotropy up to sixth order and magnetoelastic energy up to second order; so, the magnetocrystalline anisotropy constants in the (110) plane of the film, K 1 and K 2 , have been obtained. This allows us to determine the direction of the magnetization easy axis for (110) Terfenol-D thin-film: it is [1bar12] at RT, passes through [3bar34] at 140 K and then changes to [1bar20] at 40 K. It was completely impossible to explain the angular dependence of the experimental magnetic torque without including shear and tetragonal magnetoelastic stress parameters, b 2 and b 1 , respectively. This confirms the paramount role of the strain in the determination of the magnetic properties in this kind of Terfenol-D thin film

  12. Magnetic structure of RPdSn (R=Tb, Ho) single crystal compounds under strong magnetic field

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Andoh, Y.; Kurisu, M.; Nakamoto, G.; Tsutaoka, T.; Kawano, S.

    2003-01-01

    Rare earth compounds RTX, where R stands for rare earth elements, T for Ni, Pd or Rh, and X for Sn or Ge, crystallize to a rhombic ε-TiNiSi structure. Only rare earth elements R contribute to magnetic properties since T and X atoms are nonmagnetic. The competition between RKKY indirect interaction and large magnetic anisotropy generates many complicated magnetic phases. At a low temperature phase, complicated magnetisms such as meta-magnetism were observed in magnetization curves with many steps. In previous experiments dealing with RPdSn where R means Tb or Ho, some characteristics of magnetic properties of these compounds were deduced from magnetization measurements and neutron diffraction without external magnetic field. In this report, the change of magnetic scattering of neutron diffraction was studied under external magnetic fields in order to reveal the mechanism of the phase transformations of the compounds. The difference between TbPdSn and HoPdSn compounds was observed in magnetic field dependence of the wave vectors of the magnetic scattering. Two independent wave vectors in magnetic scattering existed in HoPdSn compound. (Y. Kazumata)

  13. Narrow spectral emission CaMoO{sub 4}: Eu{sup 3+}, Dy{sup 3+}, Tb{sup 3+} phosphor crystals for white light emitting diodes

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Khanna, A. [Smart Lighting Engineering Research Center, 110, 8th Street, Troy, New York, 12180 (United States); Electrical, Computer and Systems Engineering Department, Rensselaer Polytechnic Institute, 110, 8th Street, Troy, New York, 12180 (United States); Dutta, P.S., E-mail: duttap@rpi.edu [Smart Lighting Engineering Research Center, 110, 8th Street, Troy, New York, 12180 (United States); Electrical, Computer and Systems Engineering Department, Rensselaer Polytechnic Institute, 110, 8th Street, Troy, New York, 12180 (United States)

    2013-02-15

    Alkaline earth metal molybdates are promising candidates as a host material for high efficiency narrow spectral emission phosphors. These phosphors could potentially be used for the fabrication of phosphor-converted light emitting diodes (pc-LEDs). Phosphor crystals of calcium molybdate doped with rare earth dopant Ln{sup 3+}(Ln=Eu, Dy, Tb) grown using flux growth method have been shown to exhibit higher excitation efficiency than the powders synthesized by solid-state reaction process. Molybdenum (VI) oxide has been found to be a suitable flux for growing large size optically transparent high quality crystals at a temperature around 1100 Degree-Sign C. Using the excitation wavelengths of 465 nm, 454 nm and 489 nm for CaMoO{sub 4}: Eu{sup 3+}, CaMoO{sub 4}: Dy{sup 3+} and CaMoO{sub 4}: Tb{sup 3+}, respectively, intense emission lines at wavelengths of 615 nm, 575 nm and 550 nm were observed. The optimized doping concentrations of 12%, 2% and 5% for Eu{sup 3+}, Dy{sup 3+} and Tb{sup 3+}, respectively, provided the highest luminescence intensity. - Graphical Abstract: CaMoO{sub 4}: Eu{sup 3+} phosphor crystals grown using a molybdenum (VI) oxide flux exhibited around 1.5 times the emission intensity of powders obtained from solid-state reaction at the same synthesis temperature. These crystals were found to efficiently emit 615 nm red light when excited by near UV light up to a wavelength of 395 nm. Highlights: Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer CaMoO{sub 4}: Ln{sup 3+} (Ln=Eu{sup 3+}, Dy{sup 3+}, Tb{sup 3+}) phosphor crystals were successfully grown using high temperature flux (solutions) containing molybdenum (VI) oxide or lithium chloride. Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer Narrow spectral emission at 615 nm, 575 nm and 550 nm, respectively, was observed from CaMoO{sub 4}: Ln{sup 3+} (Ln=Eu{sup 3+}, Dy{sup 3+}, Tb{sup 3+}) phosphor crystals. Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer The optimized doping concentrations of Eu{sup 3+}, Dy{sup 3+}, Tb{sup 3+} in CaMoO{sub 4} for highest

  14. Rhodium-rich silicides RERh{sub 6}Si{sub 4} (RE=La, Nd, Tb, Dy, Er, Yb)

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Vosswinkel, Daniel; Poettgen, Rainer [Muenster Univ. (Germany). Inst. fuer Anorganische und Analytische Chemie

    2017-07-01

    Polycrystalline RERh{sub 6}Si{sub 4} (RE=La, Nd, Tb, Dy, Er, Yb) samples can be synthesized by arc-melting of the elements. Single crystals of LaRh{sub 6}Si{sub 4}, NdRh{sub 6}Si{sub 4} and YbRh{sub 6}Si{sub 4} were synthesized from the elements in bismuth fluxes (non-reactive flux medium). The structures were refined on the basis of single-crystal X-ray diffractometer data: LiCo{sub 6}P{sub 4} type, P anti 6m2, a=700.56(3), c=380.55(1) pm, wR2=0.0257, 317 F{sup 2} values, 19 variables for LaRh{sub 6}Si{sub 4}, a=698.4(5), c=377.7(2) pm, wR2=0.0578, 219 F{sup 2} values, 19 variables for NdRh{sub 6}Si{sub 4} and a=696.00(3), c=371.97(1) pm, wR2=0.0440, 309 F{sup 2} values, 19 variables for YbRh{sub 6}Si{sub 4}. The rhodium and silicon atoms build up three-dimensional, covalently bonded [Rh{sub 6}Si{sub 4}]{sup δ-} polyanionic networks with Rh-Si distances ranging from 239 to 249 pm. The rare earth atoms fill larger cavities within channels of these networks and they are coordinated by six silicon and twelve rhodium atoms in the form of hexa-capped hexagonal prisms.

  15. Magnetic Properties of Dy in Pb2Sr2DyCu3O8

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Skanthakumar, S.; Soderholm, L.; Movshovich, R.

    1999-01-01

    Superconductivity can be induced at high temperatures in Pb 2 Sr 2 RCu 3 O 8 (R - rare earth) by partially doping Ca 2+ for R 3+ . In order to understand the interplay between magnetism and superconductivity, the magnetic properties of the parent compounds, Pb 2 Sr 2 RCu 3 O 8 , have been studied. The work presented here includes magnetic susceptibility and specific heat measurements on R=Dy and extends the previous studies on R=Ce, Pr, Tb, Ho and Er. Specific heat experiments suggest that the Dy ions order antiferromagnetically with an ordering temperature of 1.3K. The magnetic susceptibility data are in good agreement with the susceptibility calculated using crystal field parameters that are extrapolated from previous modeling of the R=Er and Ho analogs of this series

  16. Crystalline electric field at the rare-earth sites in RxY1-xCo5+y compounds (R= Dy and Tb)

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Han Xiufeng; Jin Hanmin; Chen Hong; Guo Guanghua; Zhao Tiesong

    1992-01-01

    The magnetic properties of R x Y 1-x Co 5+y compounds are reproduced well by a calculation based on the single-ion model. The values of the exchange field H cx and crystalline-electric-field parameters A m n at the rare-earth ion sites in R x Y 1-x Co 5+y (R = Dy and Tb) are evaluated by fitting the calculations to the experiments. The experiments include the temperature dependence of the spontaneous magnetization, the temperature dependence of the normalized magnetic moments of the rare-earth ions, the temperature dependence of the cone angle, the magnetization curves along the crystal axes at 4.2 K, and the hyperfine field at the Dy ion site

  17. Dielectric measurements of magnetic monopoles on the spin-ice compounds (Ho/Dy){sub 2}Ti{sub 2}O{sub 7}

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Pietsch, Manuel; Grams, Christoph P.; Welter, Jean-Francois; Cho, Victoria; Lorenz, Thomas; Hemberger, Joachim [II. Physikalisches Institut, Universitaet zu Koeln, Cologne (Germany)

    2015-07-01

    In so-called spin-ice compounds a frustrated ground-state with finite zero-point entropy is stabilized via competing interactions and emergent magnetic monopoles excitations. It was postulated that a magnetic monopole holds an electric dipole moment, which allows to investigate their dynamics via the dielectric function ε(ν). In Dy{sub 2}Ti{sub 2}O{sub 7} a critical speeding-up for frequencies up to 100 kHz was reported down to temperatures of 200 mK with a specific focus on the critical endpoint present for a [111] magnetic field. In Ho{sub 2}Ti{sub 2}O{sub 7} both faster relaxation dynamics compared to the sister-compound and an additional relaxation process are suspected. Here we report on broadband dielectric spectroscopy measurements of ε(ν) in Ho{sub 2}Ti{sub 2}O{sub 7}.

  18. EPR experiments in LiTbF4, LiHoF4, and LiErF4 at submillimeter frequencies

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Magariño, J.; Tuchendler, J.; Beauvillain, P.

    1980-01-01

    Electron-paramagnetic-resonance experiments in LiTbF4, LiHoF4, and LiErF4 have been performed at frequencies between 70 and 600 GHz, in magnetic fields up to 60 kG and in the temperature range 1.4......Electron-paramagnetic-resonance experiments in LiTbF4, LiHoF4, and LiErF4 have been performed at frequencies between 70 and 600 GHz, in magnetic fields up to 60 kG and in the temperature range 1.4...

  19. First Penning-trap mass measurement of the electron capture nuclide {sup 163}Ho and its daughter {sup 163}Dy for the ECHO project

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Schneider, Fabian [Institut fuer Kernchemie und Institut fuer Physik, Johannes Gutenberg-Universitaet Mainz (Germany); Collaboration: TRIGA-SPEC Collaboration; ECHo-Collaboration

    2015-07-01

    The ECHo (Electron Capture of {sup 163}Ho) project aims to determine the mass of the electron neutrino by measuring the calorimetric spectrum of {sup 163}Ho. To be able to extract the neutrino mass from the spectrum near the endpoint a precise knowledge of the decay Q-value is necessary. The ideal way to measure this in a model independent way is by high-precision Penning-trap mass spectrometry. The ECHo collaboration has {sup 163}Ho samples available, which were produced by reactor neutron irradiation. Such samples are typically highly contaminated with radioactive and stable species. These were efficiently removed by chemical purification. Ionization by laser ablation allows high-precision Penning-trap mass measurements with sample sizes of 10{sup 16} atoms. From the measured cyclotron frequency ratio of {sup 163}Ho{sup 16}O{sup +} to {sup 163}Dy{sup 16}O{sup +} we determined the Q-value to be 2.5(7) keV. In addition absolute mass measurements using carbon cluster ions as reference were performed with an uncertainty two times lower than literature values. Future measurements at SHIPTRAP (GSI, Darmstadt) and PENTATRAP (MPIK, Heidelberg) are planned with the aim to drastically improve the uncertainty of the Q-value down to a few eV and thus providing the required input for the ECHo project.

  20. Progress in sintered NdFeB magnets with Dy/Tb grain boundary diffusion%晶界扩散Dy/Tb烧结NdFeB研究进展

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    刘涛; 周磊; 张昕; 程星华; 林德; 喻晓军; 李波

    2011-01-01

    由于汽车和电子应用领域对节能电动机的需求,在VCM、电动机、信号发生器、手机和MRI等领域中得到广泛应用的烧结钕铁硼在电动机市场应用会进一步扩展.剩磁和矫顽力等磁性能的提高有利于烧结磁体在电动机市场快速增长.通常,烧结磁体一些性能的改善总是以牺牲其他性能为代价.而晶界扩散Dy/Tb烧结磁体与传统的同类磁体相比较,其矫顽力和剩磁可同时得以改善,本文对晶界扩散Dy/Tb钕铁硼的一些研究成果进行了综述和总结.晶界扩散Dy/Tb过程中烧结磁体晶界的成份和微观组织的变化对烧结磁体磁性能改善至为重要.%Many new applications of Nd-Fe-B magnets, such as voice coil motor (VCM) in hard disc drive, motors, generators, mobile phone, MRI, etc, are expected to expand in future because of strong energy saving requirements from the automobile and electric appliances markets. Magnetic property improvement in residual (Br) and coercive force (Hcj) helps the rapid growth of the motor market. In many instances, an improvement of some characteristics of sintered magnet is achieved but only at the expense of other characteristics. It has been found that Dy/Tb grain boundary diffusion processed Nd-Fe-B sintered magnets have improvement in both the highest remanence and cocercivity among conventional rare-earth permanent mgnets, which have been introduced in this paper. The influence of Dy/Tb grain boundary diffusion on composition and microstructure of grain boundaries phase is a key point for magnetic property improvement of sintered magnet.

  1. Synthesis under ambient pressure and tri-axial magnetic orientation in REBa2Cu4O8 (RE = Y, Sm, Eu, Gd, Dy, Ho, Er)

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Yamaki, M.; Horii, S.; Haruta, M.; Maeda, T.; Shimoyama, J.

    2011-01-01

    REBa 2 Cu 4 O 8 (RE124) was synthesized by a flux method in ambient pressure for RE = Y, Sm, Eu, Gd, Dy, Ho and Er. Tri-axial orientation of RE124 was achieved in a modulated rotating magnetic field of 10 T. Orientation axes in RE124 depended on the type of RE. Magnetization axes were determined from magnetic anisotropies of Cu and RE ions. We report the rare-earth (RE)-dependent magnetization axes of REBa 2 Cu 4 O 8 , which was synthesized by a flux method under ambient pressure, using powder samples tri-axially oriented in a modulated rotating magnetic field of 10 T. By optimizing the growth temperature and cooling rate, RE124 crystals were successfully grown for RE = Y, Sm, Eu, Gd, Dy, Ho, and Er. From the X-ray diffraction measurement, the magnetically oriented directions were largely dependent on the type of RE ions of RE124. However, the tri-axial magnetic anisotropies of RE124 could be qualitatively understood in terms of the magnitude relation between the single-ion magnetic anisotropy of RE 3+ ions and the magnetic anisotropy generated by the CuO 2 plane and Cu-O chain. For the practical use of this magneto-scientific process, the control of magnetization axes and tri-axial magnetic anisotropies through crystallochemical control is indispensable.

  2. Neutron scattering studies of the coexistence of long-range magnetic order and superconductivity in Dy12Mo6S8 and Tb12Mo6S8

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Thomlinson, W.; Shirane, G.; Moncton, D.E.; Ishikawa, M.; Fischer, O.

    1978-10-01

    Both Dy 1 2 Mo 6 S 8 and Tb 1 2 Mo 6 S 8 are superconducting below T/sub c/ = 2.05 K. Neutron scattering studies show that these compounds in zero applied magnetic field develop long-range antiferromagnetic order (greater than 300 A) at T/sub M/ = 0.4 K and T/sub M/ = 1.0 K, respectively, which does not destroy the superconducting state. Magnetization measurements at temperatures below T/sub M/ suggest the development of ferromagnetic order as the applied magnetic field increases. In the case of Tb 1 2 Mo 6 S 8 the neutron data show long-range ferromagnetic order developing for H greater than or equal to H/sub c2/ = 1.9 kOe where H/sub c2/ is the upper critical field for superconductivity. However, for Dy 1 2 Mo 6 S 8 long-range ferromagnetic order begins to develop at H = 200 Oe, a field much less than H/sub c2/ = 1.2 kOe. As the ferromagnetic intensity increases, the antiferromagnetic intensity decreases. Between H = 200 Oe and H = 1.2 kOe both ferromagnetic and antiferromagnetic order occur with the sample in the superconducting state

  3. Morphology and luminescence characteristics of combustion synthesized Y{sub 2}O{sub 3}: (Eu, Dy, Tb) nanoparticles with various amino-acid fuels

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Mukherjee, S.; Sudarsan, V. [Chemistry Division Bhabha Atomic Research Centre, Trombay, Mumbai 400085 (India); Sastry, P.U.; Patra, A.K. [Solid State Physics Division, Bhabha Atomic Research Centre, Trombay, Mumbai 400085 (India); Tyagi, A.K., E-mail: aktyagi@barc.gov.in [Chemistry Division Bhabha Atomic Research Centre, Trombay, Mumbai 400085 (India)

    2014-01-15

    Y{sub 2}O{sub 3} nanoparticles doped with Dy{sup 3+}, Eu{sup 3+} and Tb{sup 3+} together were prepared by the gel combustion method using a variety of amino acids namely, glycine, phenyl alanine, arginine, glutamic and aspartic acids. Number of carboxylate groups present in the amino acids used for combustion reaction was found to have strong influence on powder characteristics as well as luminescence from the samples. Based on small angle X-ray scattering studies, it is inferred that the nanoparticles prepared by using glycine and arginine as the fuels have smooth surface compared to those prepared using other amino acids. For the nanoparticles prepared using glutamic and aspartic acids, there exist a diffused pore-grain interface due to the lesser extent of heat generated in the reaction which leads to smaller particle size, poor crystallinity and improper burning of the organic materials. Lower surface area and smooth surface of the nanoparticles prepared using glycine leads to their improved luminescence properties. -- Highlights: • Surface smoothness of Y{sub 2}O{sub 3} (Dy, Eu, Tb) nanoparticles vary with amino acids. • Optimum luminescence intensity is observed when glycine is used as the fuel. • Diffused pore grain interface when glutamic and aspartic acids are used as fuels.

  4. Neutron-scattering study of the magnetic structure of DyFe4Al8 and HoFe4Al8

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Paixao, J.A.; Silva, M.R.; Sørensen, S.Aa.

    2000-01-01

    The magnetic structures of DyFe4Al8 and HoFe4Al8, which have been reported to be unusual spin-glass systems, were studied in detail by neutron diffraction, using both unpolarized and polarized beams. In fact these compounds have long-range magnetic order in both the Fe and rare-earth sublattices....

  5. Magnesium-rich intermetallics RE3RuMg7 (RE = Y, Nd, Dy, Ho). Rows of condensed Ru rate at RE6/2 octahedra in magnesium matrices

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Kersting, Marcel; Rodewald, Ute C.; Schwickert, Christian; Poettgen, Rainer

    2013-01-01

    The magnesium-rich intermetallic phases RE 3 RuMg 7 (RE = Y, Nd, Dy, Ho) have been synthesized from the elements in sealed niobium ampoules and subsequently characterized by powder X-ray diffraction. The structure of the dysprosium compound was refined on the basis of single-crystal X-ray diffractometer data: Ti 6 Sn 5 type, P6 3 /mmc, a = 1019.1(2), c = 606.76(9) pm, wR2 = 0.0159, 439 F 2 values, 19 variables. The Mg3 site shows a small degree of Mg3/Dy mixing, leading to the composition Dy 3.03 RuMg 6.97 for the investigated crystal. The striking structural motifs in the Dy 3 RuMg 7 structure are rows of face-sharing Ru rate at Dy 6 octahedra and corner-sharing Mg2 rate at Mg 8 Dy 4 icosahedra. The rows of octahedra form a hexagonal rod-packing, and each rod is enrolled by six rows of the condensed icosahedra. Temperature-dependent magnetic susceptibility measurements of Dy 3 RuMg 7 show Curie-Weiss behavior with an experimental magnetic moment of 10.66(1) μ B per Dy atom. Antiferromagnetic ordering is detected at T N = 27.5(5) K. The 5 K isotherm shows a metamagnetic transition at a critical field of H C = 40 kOe. (orig.)

  6. Ion-irradiation resistance of the orthorhombic Ln_2TiO_5 (Ln = La, Pr, Nd, Sm, Eu, Gd, Tb and Dy) series

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Aughterson, Robert D.; Lumpkin, Gregory R.; Ionescu, Mihail; Reyes, Massey de los; Gault, Baptiste; Whittle, Karl R.; Smith, Katherine L.; Cairney, Julie M.

    2015-01-01

    The response of Ln_2TiO_5 (where Ln is a lanthanide) compounds exposed to high-energy ions was used to test their suitability for nuclear-based applications, under two different but complementary conditions. Eight samples with nominal stoichiometry Ln_2TiO_5 (Ln = La, Pr, Nd, Sm, Eu, Gd, Tb and Dy), of orthorhombic (Pnma) structure were irradiated, at various temperatures, with 1 MeV Kr"2"+ ions in-situ within a transmission electron microscope. In each case, the fluence was increased until a phase transition from crystalline to amorphous was observed, termed critical dose D_c. At certain elevated temperatures, the crystallinity was maintained irrespective of fluence. The critical temperature for maintaining crystallinity, T_c, varied non-uniformly across the series. The T_c was consistently high for La, Pr, Nd and Sm_2TiO_5 before sequential improvement from Eu to Dy_2TiO_5 with T_c's dropping from 974 K to 712 K. In addition, bulk Dy_2TiO_5 was irradiated with 12 MeV Au"+ ions at 300 K, 723 K and 823 K and monitored via grazing-incidence X-ray diffraction (GIXRD). At 300 K, only amorphisation is observed, with no transition to other structures, whilst at higher temperatures, specimens retained their original structure. The improved radiation tolerance of compounds containing smaller lanthanides has previously been attributed to their ability to form radiation-induced phase transitions. No such transitions were observed here. - Highlights: • First ion-irradiation studies on a number of novel compounds including Pr_2TiO_5, Eu_2TiO_5 and Tb_2TiO_5. • Systematic in-situ ion-irradiation study of almost complete Ln_2TiO_5 series (Ln = lanthanides) with orthorhombic crystal structure type. • The first grazing incidence study of bulk irradiated Dy_2TiO_5 looking for irradiation induced phase transition.

  7. Synthesis and photoluminescence characteristics of (Y,Gd)BO3:RE (RE = Eu(3+), Ce(3+), Dy(3+) and Tb(3+)) phosphors for blue chip and near-UV white LEDs.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rangari, V V; Singh, V; Dhoble, S J

    2016-03-01

    A series of Eu(3+)-, Ce(3+)-, Dy(3+)- and Tb(3+)-doped (Y,Gd)BO3 phosphors was synthesized by a solid-state diffusion method. X-Ray diffraction confirmed their hexagonal structure and the scanning electron microscopy results showed crystalline particles. The excitation spectra revealed that (Y,Gd)BO3 phosphors doped with Eu(3+), Ce(3+), Dy(3+) and Tb(3+) are effectively excited with near UV-light of 395 nm/blue light, 364, 351 and 314 nm, respectively. Photoluminescence spectra of Eu(3+)-, Ce(3+)- and Tb(3+)/Dy(3+)-doped phosphor showed intense emission of reddish orange, blue and white light, respectively. The phosphor Y0.60Gd0.38BO3:Ce0.02 showed CIE 1931 color coordinates of (0.158, 0.031) and better color purity compared with commercially available blue BAM:Eu(2+) phosphor. The phosphor (Y,Gd)BO3 doped with Eu(3+), Dy(3+) and Tb(3+) showed CIE 1931 color coordinates of (0.667, 0.332), (0.251, 0.299) and (0.333, 0.391) respectively. Significant photoluminescence characteristics of the prepared phosphors indicate that they might serve as potential candidates for blue chip and near-UV white light-emitting diode applications. Copyright © 2015 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.

  8. Series of isostructural planar lanthanide complexes [Ln(III)4(mu3-OH)2(mdeaH)2(piv)8] with single molecule magnet behavior for the Dy4 analogue.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Abbas, Ghulam; Lan, Yanhua; Kostakis, George E; Wernsdorfer, Wolfgang; Anson, Christopher E; Powell, Annie K

    2010-09-06

    A series of five isostructural tetranuclear lanthanide complexes of formula [Ln(4)(mu(3)-OH)(2)(mdeaH)(2)(piv)(8)], (mdeaH(2) = N-methyldiethanolamine; piv = pivalate; Ln = Tb (1), Dy (2), Ho (3), Er (4), and Tm (5)) have been synthesized and characterized. These clusters have a planar "butterfly" Ln(4) core. Magnetically, the Ln(III) ions are weakly coupled in all cases; the Dy(4) compound 2 shows Single Molecule Magnet (SMM) behavior.

  9. Synthesis, luminescence, and energy-transfer properties of β-Na2Ca4(PO4)2(SiO4):A (A = Eu(2+), Dy(3+), Ce(3+)/Tb(3+)) phosphors.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Li, Kai; Shang, Mengmeng; Geng, Dongling; Lian, Hongzhou; Zhang, Yang; Fan, Jian; Lin, Jun

    2014-07-07

    A series of β-Na2Ca4(PO4)2(SiO4) (β-NCPS):A (A = Eu(2+), Dy(3+), Ce(3+)/Tb(3+)) phosphors were prepared via a high-temperature solid-state reaction route. The X-ray diffraction, Fourier transform infrared, photoluminescence (PL), cathodoluminescence (CL) properties, fluorescent lifetimes, and absolute quantum yield were exploited to characterize the samples. Under UV radiation, the β-NCPS:Eu(2+) phosphors present bright green emissions, and the β-NCPS:Ce(3+) phosphors show strong blue emissions, which are attributed to their 4f(6)5d(1) → 4f(7) and 5d-4f allowed transitions, respectively. The β-NCPS:Ce(3+), Tb(3+) phosphors display intense tunable color from blue to green and high absolute quantum yields (81% for β-NCPS:0.12Ce(3+) and 83% for β-NCPS:0.12Ce(3+), 0.08Tb(3+)) when excited at 365 nm. Simultaneously, the energy transfer from Ce(3+) to Tb(3+) ions is deduced from the spectral overlap between Ce(3+) emission and Tb(3+) excitation spectra and demonstrated by the change of emission spectra and decay lifetimes. Moreover, the energy-transfer mechanism from Ce(3+) to Tb(3+) ions is confirmed to be exchange interaction according to the discussion of expression from Dexter and Reisfeld. Under a low-voltage electron-beam excitation, the β-NCPS:A (A = Eu(2+), Dy(3+), Ce(3+)/Tb(3+)) phosphors exhibit their characteristic emissions, and the emission profiles of β-NCPS:Ce(3+),Tb(3+) phosphors are obviously different from those of the PL spectra; this difference might be ascribed to their different luminescence mechanisms. These results in PL and CL properties suggest that β-NCPS:A (A = Eu(2+), Dy(3+), Ce(3+)/Tb(3+)) phosphors are potential candidates for solid-state lighting and field-emission displays.

  10. Microstructural analyses and critical current densities in the high-Tc superconductor system ReBa2Cu3OX, with RE = Y, Sm, Eu, Gd, Dy, Ho

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Schindler, G.; Seebacher, B.

    1989-01-01

    The authors report on investigations into the impact of the rare earths (RE) as given in the title on the ceramic microstructure and the critical current density j c in the superconductor system REBa 2 Cu 3 O x . With RE = Sm, Eu, or Gd, the material is homogeneous in phase and crystallizes in platelets with maximum sizes of up to 350 μm. Material with RE = Y, Dy, or Ho exhibits grain sizes up to 500 μm, and a low amount of phase inhomogeneities. The critical currents measured are between 25 Acm -2 and 290 Acm -2 at 77 K, without external field. The highest values are found in systems with RE = Eu or Gd. (orig.) [de

  11. Effect of rapid quenching on the magnetism and magnetocaloric effect of equiatomic rare earth intermetallic compounds RNi (R = Gd, Tb and Ho)

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Rajivgandhi, R. [Department of Physics, Indian Institute of Technology Madras, Chennai 600 036 (India); Arout Chelvane, J. [Defence Metallurgical Research Laboratory, Hyderabad 500 058 (India); Quezado, S.; Malik, S.K. [Departamento de F’ısica Teorica e Experimental, Universidade Federal do Rio Grande do Norte, Natal 59072-970 (Brazil); Nirmala, R., E-mail: nirmala@physics.iitm.ac.in [Department of Physics, Indian Institute of Technology Madras, Chennai 600 036 (India)

    2017-07-01

    Highlights: • Melt-spinning yields microcrystalline RNi (R = Gd, Tb and Ho) samples with texture. • The texture-induced anisotropy affects magnetic and magnetocaloric properties. • Melt-spinning helps one engineer magnetocaloric effect in rare-earth compounds. - Abstract: Magnetocaloric effect (MCE) in RNi (where R = Gd, Tb and Ho) compounds has been studied in their arc-melted and melt-spun forms. The compound GdNi has the orthorhombic CrB-type structure (Space group Cmcm, No. 63) and the compound HoNi has the orthorhombic FeB-type structure (Space group Pnma, No. 62) at room temperature regardless of their synthesis condition. However, arc-melted TbNi orders in a monoclinic structure (Space group P2{sub 1}/m, No. 11) and when it is rapidly quenched to a melt-spun form, it crystallizes in an orthorhombic structure (Space group Pnma, No. 62). The arc-melted GdNi, TbNi and HoNi compounds order ferromagnetically at ∼69 K, ∼67 K and ∼36 K (T{sub C}) respectively. While the melt-spun GdNi shows about 6 K increase in T{sub C}, the ordering temperature of TbNi remains nearly the same in both arc-melted and melt-spun forms. In contrast, a reduction in T{sub C} by about 8 K is observed in melt-spun HoNi, when compared to its arc-melted counterpart. Isothermal magnetic entropy change, ∆S{sub m}, calculated from the field dependent magnetization data indicates an enhanced relative cooling power (RCP) for melt-spun GdNi for field changes of 20 kOe and 50 kOe. A lowered RCP value is observed in melt-spun TbNi and HoNi. These changes could have resulted from the competing shape anisotropy and the granular microstructure induced by the melt-spinning process. Tailoring the MCE of rare earth intermetallic compounds by suitably controlled synthesis techniques is certainly one of the directions to go forward in the search of giant magnetocaloric materials.

  12. Tunable luminescence and energy transfer properties in Na{sub 3}Bi(PO4){sub 2}:Eu{sup 3+}, Tb{sup 3+}, Dy{sup 3+}, Sm{sup 3+} phosphors with high thermal stability

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Zhu, Zizhong; Fu, Guangsheng; Yang, Yong; Yang, Zhiping, E-mail: yangzp2005@sohu.com; Li, Panlai, E-mail: li_panlai@126.com

    2017-04-15

    Na{sub 3}Bi(PO{sub 4}){sub 2}:Eu{sup 3+}/Tb{sup 3+}/Dy{sup 3+}/Sm{sup 3+} phosphors were synthesized via a high-temperature solid-state reaction method. The X-ray diffraction (XRD), field emission scanning electron microscopy (FE-SEM), diffuse reflection, photoluminescence (PL) and fluorescent decay curves were utilized to characterize the obtained phosphors. Under n-UV excitation, Na{sub 3}Bi(PO{sub 4}){sub 2}:Eu{sup 3+}/Tb{sup 3+}/Dy{sup 3+}/Sm{sup 3+} samples show the characteristic f-f emissions and present red, green, yellow and orange emission, respectively. When Tb{sup 3+}, Dy{sup 3+} and Sm{sup 3+} were co-doped into the Na{sub 3}Bi(PO{sub 4}){sub 2}:Eu{sup 3+} phosphors, tunable emission colors can be obtained and can be efficiently adjusted by varying the doping ions and the doping concentration. The energy transfer mechanisms were investigated in detail and demonstrated that there is an efficient energy transfer from Tb{sup 3+}, Dy{sup 3+} and Sm{sup 3+} to Eu{sup 3+} via a dipole-dipole interaction mechanism. Additional, as the temperature increases from RT to 150 °C, the PL intensity of Tb{sup 3+}-Eu{sup 3+}, Dy{sup 3+}-Eu{sup 3+} and Sm{sup 3+}-Eu{sup 3+} co-doped phosphors decreased to 86%, 85% and 88%, respectively, which prove good thermal stability. All the CIE coordinates of as-prepared phosphors are displayed and show abundant colors, making these materials have potential applications for n-UV-excited white-LEDs.

  13. Separation and recovery of high grade Dy2O3 by solvent extraction process with DEHPA in kerosene

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Mishra, S.L.; Thakur, N.V.; Koppiker, K.S.

    1993-01-01

    During the solvent extraction (SX) fractionation of rare earths chloride obtained from monazite, a heavy RE (HRE) fraction assaying 60% Y 2 O 3 is produced. This is purified further to 93% Y 2 O 3 by another SX cycle. During this step most of Dy and Tb get separated to yield a concentrate assaying >50% Dy 2 O 3 . An attempt has been made to process this Dy rich concentrate to obtain a high grade Dy 2 O 3 by a SX route using DEHPA in kerosene. The distribution data (D vs H i + ) of Dy have been generated experimentally at various metal concentrations and similar data for other metals present (Gd, Tb, Y, Er and Ho) have been derived using a mathematical expression developed in our laboratory. Based on this information mathematical models for extraction behaviour of these HRE have been derived and used in a computer program developed for multicomponent system. This program has been utilised to optimise the process parameters to obtain 95-97% pure Dy 2 O 3 at about 90% recovery. The parameters have been experimentally confirmed and Dy 2 O 3 95.5% pure w.r.t. Tb was obtained at about 90% recovery, thus confirming the validity of the program. This paper presents data obtained during these investigations. (author). 6 refs., 5 tabs

  14. Ln3+ (Ln=Ce, Tb, Dy) and Hf doping of LuI3 powders – A material and spectroscopic study

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Wiatrowska, Aneta; Keur, Wilco; Ronda, Cees

    2016-01-01

    The moisture sensitivity of LuI 3 :Ce,Hf and luminescent properties of undoped LuI 3 and LuI 3 :M (M=Ce 3+ , Tb 3+ , Dy 3+ ) powders were investigated. The possibility of improving the air and moisture stability of LuI 3 :Ce by Hf doping was tested. It was proven that the Hf contribution to the LuI 3 :Ce stability is very limited and is insignificant to render LuI 3 :Ce scintillator powders suitable for applications. Photoluminescence results of LuI 3 without dopants added on purpose showed luminescence due to a plurality of rare-earth elements' impurities. Two types of self-trapped luminescence were found. Energy transfer between host lattice, self-trapped excitons and rare-earth ions was investigated.

  15. Effect of Al-R (R = Dy or Tb) master alloys addition on the properties of magnets made of Nd14.7R1.3Fe75Co2B7

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Savchenko, A.G.; Ryazantsev, V.A.; Skuratovskij, Yu.E.; Lileev, A.S.; Menushenkov, V.P.

    2000-01-01

    The hysteresis characteristics of caked constant magnets of the (Nd, R)-(Fe, Co)-B system alloys with the Al-R master easily-melting additions, wherein R is Dy or Tb, are studied. High efficiency of the mixture method by obtaining highly-coercive constant magnets on the basis of the studied systems alloys is shown. The hysteresis properties of the caked constant magnets may be changed within sufficiently wide limits by varing the number and composition of the alloys mixture components. The effect of the Al-Dy and Al-Tb additions on properties of constant magnets of uniform nominal composition is compared. Higher efficiency of master alloys on the Tb basis is noted; the coercive force and energy characteristics of this series of caked constant magnets is higher [ru

  16. Tunable-color luminescence via energy transfer in NaCa13/18Mg5/18PO4:A (A = Eu2+/Tb3+/Mn2+, Dy3+) phosphors for solid state lighting.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Li, Kai; Fan, Jian; Mi, Xiaoyun; Zhang, Yang; Lian, Hongzhou; Shang, Mengmeng; Lin, Jun

    2014-11-17

    A series of NaCa13/18Mg5/18PO4(NCMPO):A (A = Eu(2+)/Tb(3+)/Mn(2+), Dy(3+)) phosphors have been prepared by the high-temperature solid-state reaction method. The X-ray diffraction (XRD) and Rietveld refinement, X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (XPS), photoluminescence (PL), cathodoluminescence (CL), decay lifetimes, and PL quantum yields (QYs) were utilized to characterize the phosphors. The pure crystalline phase of as-prepared samples has been demonstrated via XRD measurement and Rietveld refinements. XPS reveals that the Eu(2+)/Tb(3+)/Mn(2+) can be efficiently doped into the crystal lattice. NCMPO:Eu(2+)/Tb(3+)/Mn(2+) phosphors can be effectively excited under UV radiation, which show tunable color from purple-blue to red including white emission based on energy transfer from Eu(2+) to Tb(3+)/Mn(2+) ions. Under low-voltage electron beam bombardment, the NCMPO:A (A = Eu(2+)/Tb(3+)/Mn(2+), Dy(3+)) display their, respectively, characteristic emissions with different colors, and the CL spectrum of NCMPO:0.04Tb(3+) has the comparable intensity to the ZnO:Zn commercial product. In addition, the calculated CIE coordinate of NCMPO:0.04Tb(3+) (0.252, 0.432) is more saturated than it (0.195, 0.417). These results reveal that NCMPO:A (A = Eu(2+)/Tb(3+)/Mn(2+), Dy(3+)) may be potential candidate phosphors for WLEDs and FEDs.

  17. Syntheses, structures, and magnetic properties of a family of heterometallic heptanuclear [Cu5Ln2] (Ln = Y(III), Lu(III), Dy(III), Ho(III), Er(III), and Yb(III)) complexes: observation of SMM behavior for the Dy(III) and Ho(III) analogues.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Chandrasekhar, Vadapalli; Dey, Atanu; Das, Sourav; Rouzières, Mathieu; Clérac, Rodolphe

    2013-03-04

    Sequential reaction of the multisite coordination ligand (LH3) with Cu(OAc)2·H2O, followed by the addition of a rare-earth(III) nitrate salt in the presence of triethylamine, afforded a series of heterometallic heptanuclear complexes containing a [Cu5Ln2] core {Ln = Y(1), Lu(2), Dy(3), Ho(4), Er(5), and Yb(6)}. Single-crystal X-ray crystallography reveals that all the complexes are dicationic species that crystallize with two nitrate anions to compensate the charge. The heptanuclear aggregates in 1-6 are centrosymmetrical complexes, with a hexagonal-like arrangement of six peripheral metal ions (two rare-earth and four copper) around a central Cu(II) situated on a crystallographic inversion center. An all-oxygen environment is found to be present around the rare-earth metal ions, which adopt a distorted square-antiprismatic geometry. Three different Cu(II) sites are present in the heptanuclear complexes: two possess a distorted octahedral coordination sphere while the remaining one displays a distorted square-pyramidal geometry. Detailed static and dynamic magnetic properties of all the complexes have been studied and revealed the single-molecule magnet behavior of the Dy(III) and Ho(III) derivatives.

  18. Determination of the cross section for (n,p) and (n,α) reactions on 165Ho at 13.5 and 14.8 MeV

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Luo, Junhua; An, Li; Jiang, Li; He, Long

    2015-01-01

    Activation cross-sections for the 165 Ho(n,p) 165 Dy and 165 Ho(n,α) 162 Tb reactions were measured by means of the activation method at 13.5 and 14.8 MeV, to resolve inconsistencies in existing data. A neutron beam produced via the 3 H(d,n) 4 He reaction was used. Statistical model calculations were performed using the nuclear-reaction codes EMPIRE-3.2 Malta and TALYS-1.6 with default parameters, at neutron energies varying from the reaction threshold to 20 MeV. Results are also discussed and compared with some corresponding values found in the literature. The calculational results on the 165 Ho(n,α) 162 Tb reaction agreed fairly well with experimental data, but there were large discrepancies in the results for the 165 Ho(n,p) 165 Dy reaction. - Highlights: • 27 Al(n,α) 24 Na was used as a monitor for neutron fleunce. • The cross sections for the 165 Ho(n,p) 165 Dy and 165 Ho(n,α) 162 Tb reactions were measured at 13.5 and 14.8 MeV neutron energies. • Nuclear reaction codes TALYS-1.6 and EMPIRE-3.2 Malta were used to model the reactions. • Inconsistency with previous data and with model calculations are noted

  19. Magnetocaloric effect in (Tb,Dy,R)(Co,Fe).sub.2./sub. (R= Ho, Er) multicomponent compounds

    Czech Academy of Sciences Publication Activity Database

    Tereshina, I. S.; Politova, G.A.; Tereshina, Evgeniya; Burkhanov, G.S.; Chistyakov, O.D.; Nikitin, S. A.

    2011-01-01

    Roč. 266, č. 1 (2011), "012077-1"-"012077-5" ISSN 1742-6588. [2nd International Symposium on Advanced Magnetic Materials and Applications (ISAMMA). Sendai, 12.07.2010-16.07.2010] Institutional research plan: CEZ:AV0Z10100520 Keywords : terfenol-D * rare-earth intermetallics * magnetostriction Subject RIV: BM - Solid Matter Physics ; Magnetism

  20. Luminescence and magnetic behaviour of almond like (Na0.5La0.5)MoO4:RE3+ (RE = Eu, Tb, Dy) nanostructures

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Krishnan, Rajagopalan; Thirumalai, Jagannathan; Thomas, Sabu; Gowri, Mahasampath

    2014-01-01

    Graphical abstract: Monodispersed almond-like (Na 0.5 La 0.5 )MoO 4 :RE 3+ nanostructures synthesized by employing ethylene-diamine tetra acetic acid (EDTA) using hydrothermal route at 200 °C for 24 h. These nanoparticles were found to be novel bi-functional candidates suitable for high-quality luminescence and magnetic applications. - Highlights: • Almond like structures of (Na 0.5 La 0.5 )MoO 4 :RE 3+ were synthesized by hydrothermal method. • Time dependent self-assembly could be the dominant process for the formation of 3D networks. • Luminescence properties of nanosamples were studied in comparison with bulk sample. • Room temperature magnetic properties of bulk and nanophosphors were investigated. - Abstract: Tetragonal phase (Na 0.5 La 0.5 )MoO 4 :RE 3+ (RE = Eu, Tb, Dy) with almond like hierarchical structures assembled from nanosheets building blocks were successfully synthesized by employing disodium ethylenediaminetetraacetic acid (Na 2 EDTA) using hydrothermal route at 200 °C for 24 h. Field emission scanning electron microscope, transmission electron microscope, and X-ray diffraction patterns were used to characterize the morphology, size, and crystal structure with good resolution. The sequestering agent EDTA acts as quadridentate ligand coordinated with metal ions [Na + , La 3+ /RE 3+ ] facilitating the formation of self-organized 3D networks. The growth mechanism for the formation of almond like nanostructures is explicated in four paths: dissolution, adsorption, in situ transformation in acidic and basic media and the effective collision. Photoluminescence excitation and emission spectra reveals a spectral blue shift which was observed in the nanosamples towards shorter wavelengths compared with the bulk sample. Upon UV irradiation, both bulk and nanostructure show strong luminescence in the red region due to the 5 D 0 → 7 F 2 transition in Eu 3+ . Also, Tb 3+ and Dy 3+ doped (Na 0.5 La 0.5 )MoO 4 phosphor exhibit green and yellow

  1. Structural elucidation and magnetic behavior evaluation of rare earth (La, Nd, Gd, Tb, Dy) doped BaCoNi-X hexagonal nano-sized ferrites

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Majeed, Abdul, E-mail: abdulmajeed2276@gmail.com [Department of Physics, The Islamia University of Bahawalpur, Bahawalpur 63100 (Pakistan); Khan, Muhammad Azhar, E-mail: azhar.khan@iub.edu.pk [Department of Physics, The Islamia University of Bahawalpur, Bahawalpur 63100 (Pakistan); Raheem, Faseeh ur; Hussain, Altaf; Iqbal, F. [Department of Physics, The Islamia University of Bahawalpur, Bahawalpur 63100 (Pakistan); Murtaza, Ghulam [Centre for Advanced Studies in Physics, Government College University, Lahore 54000 (Pakistan); Akhtar, Majid Niaz [Department of Physics, COMSATS Institute of Information Technology, Lahore 54000 (Pakistan); Shakir, Imran [Deanship of Scientific Research, College of Engineering, King Saud University, PO Box 800, Riyadh 11421 (Saudi Arabia); Warsi, Muhammad Farooq [Department of Chemistry, The Islamia University of Bahawalpur, Bahawalpur 63100 (Pakistan)

    2016-06-15

    Rare-earth (RE=La{sup 3+}, Nd{sup 3+}, Gd{sup 3+}, Tb{sup 3+}, Dy{sup 3+}) doped Ba{sub 2}NiCoRE{sub x}Fe{sub 28−x}O{sub 46} (x=0.25) hexagonal ferrites were synthesized for the first time via micro-emulsion route, which is a fast chemistry route for obtaining nano-sized ferrite powders. These nanomaterials were investigated by X-ray diffraction (XRD), Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy (FTIR), as well as vibrating sample magnetometer (VSM). The XRD analysis exhibited that all the samples crystallized into single X-type hexagonal phase. The crystalline size calculated by Scherrer's formula was found in the range 7–19 nm. The variations in lattice parameters elucidated the incorporation of rare-earth cations in these nanomaterials. FTIR absorption spectra of these X-type ferrites were investigated in the wave number range 500–2400 cm{sup −1.} Each spectrum exhibited absorption bands in the low wave number range, thereby confirming the X-type hexagonal structure. The enhancement in the coercivity was observed with the doping of rare-earth cations. The saturation magnetization was lowered owing to the redistribution of rare-earth cations on the octahedral site (3b{sub VI}). The higher values of coercivity (664–926 Oe) of these nanomaterials suggest their use in longitudinal recording media. - Graphical abstract: Nano-sized rare-earth (RE=La{sup 3+}, Nd{sup 3+}, Gd{sup 3+}, Tb{sup 3+}, Dy{sup 3+}) doped Ba{sub 2}NiCoRE{sub x}Fe{sub 28−x}O{sub 46} (x=0.25) hexagonal ferrites were synthesized for the first time via micro-emulsion route and the crystallite size was found in the range 7–19 nm. The enhancement in the coercivity was observed with the doping of rare-earth cations. The higher values of coercivity (664–926 Oe) of these nanomaterials suggest their use in longitudinal recording media. - Highlights: • Micro-emulsion route was used to synthesize Ba{sub 2}NiCoRE{sub x}Fe{sub 28−x}O{sub 46} ferrites. • The crystallite size was found

  2. Structural elucidation and magnetic behavior evaluation of rare earth (La, Nd, Gd, Tb, Dy) doped BaCoNi-X hexagonal nano-sized ferrites

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Majeed, Abdul; Khan, Muhammad Azhar; Raheem, Faseeh ur; Hussain, Altaf; Iqbal, F.; Murtaza, Ghulam; Akhtar, Majid Niaz; Shakir, Imran; Warsi, Muhammad Farooq

    2016-01-01

    Rare-earth (RE=La 3+ , Nd 3+ , Gd 3+ , Tb 3+ , Dy 3+ ) doped Ba 2 NiCoRE x Fe 28−x O 46 (x=0.25) hexagonal ferrites were synthesized for the first time via micro-emulsion route, which is a fast chemistry route for obtaining nano-sized ferrite powders. These nanomaterials were investigated by X-ray diffraction (XRD), Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy (FTIR), as well as vibrating sample magnetometer (VSM). The XRD analysis exhibited that all the samples crystallized into single X-type hexagonal phase. The crystalline size calculated by Scherrer's formula was found in the range 7–19 nm. The variations in lattice parameters elucidated the incorporation of rare-earth cations in these nanomaterials. FTIR absorption spectra of these X-type ferrites were investigated in the wave number range 500–2400 cm −1. Each spectrum exhibited absorption bands in the low wave number range, thereby confirming the X-type hexagonal structure. The enhancement in the coercivity was observed with the doping of rare-earth cations. The saturation magnetization was lowered owing to the redistribution of rare-earth cations on the octahedral site (3b VI ). The higher values of coercivity (664–926 Oe) of these nanomaterials suggest their use in longitudinal recording media. - Graphical abstract: Nano-sized rare-earth (RE=La 3+ , Nd 3+ , Gd 3+ , Tb 3+ , Dy 3+ ) doped Ba 2 NiCoRE x Fe 28−x O 46 (x=0.25) hexagonal ferrites were synthesized for the first time via micro-emulsion route and the crystallite size was found in the range 7–19 nm. The enhancement in the coercivity was observed with the doping of rare-earth cations. The higher values of coercivity (664–926 Oe) of these nanomaterials suggest their use in longitudinal recording media. - Highlights: • Micro-emulsion route was used to synthesize Ba 2 NiCoRE x Fe 28−x O 46 ferrites. • The crystallite size was found in the range 7–19 nm. • The rare-earth incorporation enhanced the coercivity (664–926 Oe).

  3. Magnetic domain structure, crystal orientation, and magnetostriction of Tb{sub 0.27}Dy{sub 0.73}Fe{sub 1.95} solidified in various high magnetic fields

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Gao, Pengfei [Key Laboratory of Electromagnetic Processing of Materials (Ministry of Education), Northeastern University, Shenyang 110819 (China); Liu, Tie, E-mail: liutie@epm.neu.edu.cn [Key Laboratory of Electromagnetic Processing of Materials (Ministry of Education), Northeastern University, Shenyang 110819 (China); Dong, Meng [Key Laboratory of Electromagnetic Processing of Materials (Ministry of Education), Northeastern University, Shenyang 110819 (China); Yuan, Yi [School of Materials and Metallurgy, Northeastern University, Shenyang 110819 (China); Wang, Qiang [Key Laboratory of Electromagnetic Processing of Materials (Ministry of Education), Northeastern University, Shenyang 110819 (China)

    2016-03-01

    In this paper, we studied how applying a high magnetic field during solidification of Tb{sub 0.27}Dy{sub 0.73}Fe{sub 1.95} alloys affected their magnetic domain structure, crystal orientation, and magnetostriction. We observed the morphology of the magnetic domain during solidification, finding it change with the applied field: from fiber like (0 T) to dot like and closure mixed (4.4 T) to fiber like (8.8 T) to fishbone like (11.5 T). The alloy solidified at 4.4 T showed the best contrast of light and dark in its domain image, widest magnetic domain, fastest magnetization, and highest magnetostriction; this alloy is followed in descending order by the alloys solidified at 11.5 T, 8.8 T, and 0 T. The orientation of the (Tb, Dy)Fe{sub 2} phase changed with magnetic field from random (0 T) to 〈111〉 (4.4 T) to 〈113〉 (8.8 T) to 〈110〉 (11.5 T). The improvement in magnetostriction was likely caused by modification of both the magnetization process and the alloy microstructure. - Highlights: • We present how magnetic field affects magnetic domain structure of Tb{sub 0.27}Dy{sub 0.73}Fe{sub 1.95}. • Morphology and width of magnetic domain change with increasing magnetic field. • Magnetization and magnetostriction of alloy change with increasing magnetic field. • A transformation of random–〈111〉–〈113〉–〈110〉 for (Tb, Dy)Fe{sub 2} orientation forms.

  4. Structural imitation and lattice vibration of R{sub 2}Co{sub 17-x}Mn{sub x} (R=Dy, Ho)

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Qian Ping [Institute of Applied Physics, University of Science and Technology Beijing, Beijing 100083 (China)]. E-mail: qianpinghu@sohu.com; Chen Nanxian [Institute of Applied Physics, University of Science and Technology Beijing, Beijing 100083 (China); Department of Physics, Tsinghua University, Beijing 100084 (China); Shen Jiang [Institute of Applied Physics, University of Science and Technology Beijing, Beijing 100083 (China)

    2005-02-21

    The intermetallics R{sub 2}Co{sub 17-x}Mn{sub x} (R=Dy, Ho) have been studied to ascertain the effect of partial replacement of Co by Mn on their phase stability and site preference. Calculation is based on a series of interatomic pair potentials related to the rare earth and transition metals, which are obtained by a strict lattice inversion method. Our results indicate that the Mn atom can stabilize R{sub 2}Co{sub 17-x}Mn{sub x} with Th{sub 2}Zn{sub 17}-type structure. And Mn atom preferentially substitutes for Co in the 6c site and randomly substitutes in the 18f and 18h site. The differences of lattice constants between the calculated and the experimental values are about or even smaller than 2%. The properties related to lattice vibration, such as phonon density of states and Debye temperature, are also evaluated for these materials. The method utilized in the present investigation offers a rather easy and direct way to study the structural and vibrational properties of R{sub 2}Co{sub 17-x}Mn{sub x}.

  5. Crystal shape-dependent magnetic susceptibility and Curie law crossover in the spin ices Dy2Ti2O7 and Ho2Ti2O7

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Bovo, L; Bramwell, S T; Jaubert, L D C; Holdsworth, P C W

    2013-01-01

    We present an experimental determination of the isothermal magnetic susceptibility of the spin ice materials Dy 2 Ti 2 O 7 and Ho 2 Ti 2 O 7 in the temperature range 1.8–300 K. The use of spherical crystals has allowed accurate correction for demagnetizing fields and allowed the true bulk isothermal susceptibility χ T (T) to be estimated. This has been compared against a theoretical expression based on a Husimi tree approximation to the spin ice model. Agreement between experiment and theory is excellent at T > 10 K, but systematic deviations occur below that temperature. Our results largely resolve an apparent disagreement between neutron scattering and bulk measurements that has been previously noted. They also show that the use of non-spherical crystals in magnetization studies of spin ice may introduce very significant systematic errors, although we note some interesting—and possibly new—systematics concerning the demagnetizing factor in cuboidal samples. Finally, our results show how experimental susceptibility measurements on spin ices may be used to extract the characteristic energy scale of the system and the corresponding chemical potential for emergent magnetic monopoles. (paper)

  6. Electronic and magnetic properties of R0.5A0.5MnO3 compounds (R=Gd, Dy, Ho, Er; A=Sr, Ca)

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Terai, T.; Sasaki, T.; Kakeshita, T.; Fukuda, T.; Saburi, T.; Kitagawa, H.; Kindo, K.; Honda, M.

    2000-01-01

    Electronic and magnetic properties of the perovskitelike compounds of R 0.5 A 0.5 MnO 3 (R=Gd, Dy, Ho, Er; A=Sr, Ca) have been studied by measuring lattice parameter, electrical resistivity, magnetic susceptibility, and magnetization. All the Sr-doped compounds show a transition from a paramagnetic insulator to a spin-glass-like insulator at T g , even though the manganite La 0.5 Ca 0.5 MnO 3 , with nearly the same tolerance factor t, have been shown by others, to have different transitions. On the other hand, all the Ca-doped compounds show a charge-ordering transition at T CO and show a transition from a paramagnetic insulator to a canted antiferromagnetic insulator and/or a spin-glass-like insulator at T CA below T CO . These transition temperatures decrease with decreasing t. In the compound of Gd 0.5 Ca 0.5 MnO 3 , the collapse of the charge ordering has been observed under a pulsed high magnetic field of 45 T at 4.2 K. On the other hand, in the compound of Gd 0.5 Sr 0.5 MnO 3 , the magnetization process depends on the strength of magnetic field. These electronic and magnetic properties depend not only on the tolerance factor but also the variance (second moment) of the A-site ion radii distribution

  7. Local rhombohedral symmetry in Tb{sub 0.3}Dy{sub 0.7}Fe{sub 2} near the morphotropic phase boundary

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Ma, Tianyu, E-mail: maty@zju.edu.cn [State Key Laboratory of Silicon Materials, Department of Materials Science and Engineering, Key Laboratory of Novel Materials for Information Technology of Zhejiang Province, Cyrus Tang Center for Sensor Materials and Applications, Zhejiang University, Hangzhou 310027 (China); Ferroic Physics Group, National Institute for Materials Science, 1-2-1 Sengen, Tsukuba 305-0047, Ibaraki (Japan); Liu, Xiaolian; Pan, Xingwen; Li, Xiang; Jiang, Yinzhu; Yan, Mi, E-mail: mse-yanmi@zju.edu.cn [State Key Laboratory of Silicon Materials, Department of Materials Science and Engineering, Key Laboratory of Novel Materials for Information Technology of Zhejiang Province, Cyrus Tang Center for Sensor Materials and Applications, Zhejiang University, Hangzhou 310027 (China); Li, Huiying; Fang, Minxia [Multi-disciplinary Materials Research Center, Frontier Institute of Science and Technology, Xi' an Jiaotong University, Xi' an 710049 (China); Ren, Xiaobing, E-mail: ren.xiaobing@nims.go.jp [Ferroic Physics Group, National Institute for Materials Science, 1-2-1 Sengen, Tsukuba 305-0047, Ibaraki (Japan); Multi-disciplinary Materials Research Center, Frontier Institute of Science and Technology, Xi' an Jiaotong University, Xi' an 710049 (China)

    2014-11-10

    The recently reported morphotropic phase boundary (MPB) in a number of giant magnetostrictive materials (GMMs) has drawn considerable interest to the local symmetry/structure near MPB region of these materials. In this letter, by in-situ X-ray diffraction and AC magnetic susceptibility measurements, we show that Tb{sub 0.3}Dy{sub 0.7}Fe{sub 2}, the typical composition of Terfenol-D GMMs, has coexistence of rhombohedral and tetragonal phases over a wide temperature range in the vicinity of MPB. High resolution transmission electron microscopy provides direct evidence for local rhombohedral symmetry of the ferromagnetic phase and reveals regular-shaped nanoscale domains below 10 nm. The nano-sized structural/magnetic domains are hierarchically inside a single micron-sized stripe-like domain with the same average magnetization direction. Such domain structures are consistent with the low magnetocrystalline anisotropy and easy magnetic/structural domain switching under magnetic field, thus generating large magnetostriction at low field.

  8. Synthesis and magnetism of μ-oxamido-bridged Cu2IILnIII - type heterotrinuclear complexes (Ln = Ce, Nd, Sm, Eu, Gd, Tb, Dy, Er)

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Li, Y.T.; Yan, C.W.

    2001-01-01

    Eight new Cu 2 II Ln III - type (Ln = Ce, Nd, Sm, Eu, Gd, Tb, Dy, Er) heterotrinuclear complexes bridged by N,N'-bis (2-aminopropyl)oxamidocopper(II) [Cu(oxdn)], namely Cu 2 (oxdn)Ln(NO 3 ) 3 , have been synthesized and characterized by elemental analyses, molar conductivity measurements and spectroscopic (IR, UV, ESR) studies. Magnetic susceptibility measurements (4.2 ∼300 K) and studies of Cu 2 (oxdn)Gd(NO 3 ) 3 complex have revealed that the central gadolinium(III) and terminal copper(II) ions are ferromagnetically coupled with the exchange integral J (Cu-Gd) = +2.98 cm -1 , while an antiferromagnetic coupling is detected between the terminal copper(II) metal ions with the exchange integral J' (Cu-Gd) = -0.75 cm -1 , on the basis of the spin Hamiltonian operator [H -2J(S Cu1 -S Gd +S Cu2 +S Gd )-2J'(S Cu1 S Cu2 )]. (author)

  9. Hydrothermal synthesis, characterization, and luminescence of Ca{sub 2}B{sub 2}O{sub 5}:RE (RE = Eu{sup 3+}, Tb{sup 3+}, Dy{sup 3+}) nanofibers

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Yang, Li; Wan, Yingpeng; Li, Yuze; Pu, Yinfu; Huang, Yanlin, E-mail: huang@suda.edu.cn [Soochow University, State and Local Joint Engineering Laboratory for Novel Functional Polymeric Materials, College of Chemistry, Chemical Engineering and Materials Science (China); Chen, Cuili; Seo, Hyo Jin, E-mail: hjseo@pknu.ac.kr [Pukyong National University, Department of Physics and Interdisciplinary Program of Biomedical Engineering (Korea, Republic of)

    2016-04-15

    Ca{sub 2}B{sub 2}O{sub 5}:RE (RE = Eu{sup 3+}, Tb{sup 3+}, Dy{sup 3+}) nanofibers were synthesized by the hydrothermal reaction method. The structural refinement was conducted on the base of the X-ray powder diffraction (XRD) measurements. The surface properties of the Ca{sub 2}B{sub 2}O{sub 5}:RE (RE = Eu{sup 3+}, Tb{sup 3+}, Dy{sup 3+}) nanofibers were investigated by the measurements such as the scanning electron microscope (SEM), transmission electron microscope (TEM), and the energy dispersive spectrum (EDS). The nanofiber has a diameter of about 100 nm and a length of several micrometers. The luminescence properties such as photoluminescence excitation (PLE) and emission spectra (PL), decay lifetime, color coordinates, and the absolute internal quantum efficiency (QE) were reported. Ca{sub 2}B{sub 2}O{sub 5}:Eu{sup 3+} nanofibers show the red luminescence with CIE coordinates of (x = 0.41, y = 0.51) and the luminescence lifetime of 0.63 ms. The luminescence of Ca{sub 2}B{sub 2}O{sub 5}:Tb{sup 3+} nanofibers is green color (x = 0.29, y = 0.53) with the lifetime of 2.13 ms. However, Dy{sup 3+}-doped Ca{sub 2}B{sub 2}O{sub 5} nanofibers present a single-phase white-color phosphor with the fluorescence decay of 3.05 ms. Upon near-UV excitation, the absolute quantum efficiency is measured to be 65, 35, and 37 % for Eu{sup 3+}-, Tb{sup 3+}-, Dy{sup 3+}-doped Ca{sub 2}B{sub 2}O{sub 5} nanofibers, respectively. It is suggested that Ca{sub 2}B{sub 2}O{sub 5}:RE (RE = Eu{sup 3+}, Tb{sup 3+}, Dy{sup 3+}) nanofibers could be an efficient phosphor for lighting and display.

  10. Rotational and translational distortions of the crystal structure of the Sr{sub 2}HrRuO{sub 6} (Hr = Ho, Dy, Gd, Eu) complex perovskites

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Triana, C.A., E-mail: ctrianae@unal.edu.co [Grupo de Física de Nuevos Materiales, Departamento de Física, Universidad Nacional de Colombia, A.A. 5997, Bogotá D.C. (Colombia); Landínez Téllez, D.A. [Grupo de Física de Nuevos Materiales, Departamento de Física, Universidad Nacional de Colombia, A.A. 5997, Bogotá D.C. (Colombia); Roa-Rojas, J., E-mail: jroar@unal.edu.co [Grupo de Física de Nuevos Materiales, Departamento de Física, Universidad Nacional de Colombia, A.A. 5997, Bogotá D.C. (Colombia)

    2013-05-15

    Sr{sub 2}HrRuO{sub 6} (Hr = Ho, Dy, Gd, Eu) complex perovskites were synthesized through the high-temperature solid-state reaction method, and their crystal structures were analyzed in detail as a function of the Hr-cation ionic radius. Results of powder XRD pattern measurement and Rietveld analysis of the experimental profiles show that the Sr{sub 2}HrRuO{sub 6} compounds crystallize in a monoclinic distorted perovskite-like structure, P2{sub 1}/n (#14) space group, where the unit cell parameters are related to the primitive unit cell a{sub p} by a≈√(2)a{sub p}, b≈√(2)a{sub p} and c ≈ 2a{sub p}. The structures show an alternate distribution of the Ru{sup 5+} (2d: 0.5, 0, 0) and Hr{sup 3+} (2c: 0, 0.5, 0) making up RuO{sub 6} and HrO{sub 6} octahedra alternatively arranged in two interleaving fcc sublattices, where the O(1), O(2), and O(3) ions are localized at the corner of the octahedral, while the Sr{sup 2+} is located at the A-site, occupying the cavities built by the corner-sharing octahedra with Wyckoff position 4e. Due to the existence of mismatched ionic sizes between the ionic radii of the Sr{sub 2}HrRuO{sub 6} compounds, the HrO{sub 6} and RuO{sub 6} octahedra are constrained to tilting around the [111]{sub c}, [001]{sub c}, and [110]{sub c} cubic directions so as to optimize the Sr–O inter-atomic bond lengths, tending to rotate the structure in order to fix the Ru{sup 5+} and Hr{sup 3+} ions on the M′ and M″ sites of the complex perovskites. The cell parameters a, b, and c, the inter-atomic bond angles, the inter-atomic bond lengths, and the tilting angles increase as the Hr-cation ionic radius increases. The mismatch that exists in the Sr{sub 2}HrRuO{sub 6} ionic radius produces a large distortion from the ideal cubic symmetry. The pure perovskite-like phase of Sr{sub 2}HrRuO{sub 6} is thermodynamically and kinetically stable at high temperatures above 1420 K, where it is entirely governed by the average size of the Hr{sup 3+} and Ru

  11. Rotational and translational distortions of the crystal structure of the Sr2HrRuO6 (Hr = Ho, Dy, Gd, Eu) complex perovskites

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Triana, C.A.; Landínez Téllez, D.A.; Roa-Rojas, J.

    2013-01-01

    Sr 2 HrRuO 6 (Hr = Ho, Dy, Gd, Eu) complex perovskites were synthesized through the high-temperature solid-state reaction method, and their crystal structures were analyzed in detail as a function of the Hr-cation ionic radius. Results of powder XRD pattern measurement and Rietveld analysis of the experimental profiles show that the Sr 2 HrRuO 6 compounds crystallize in a monoclinic distorted perovskite-like structure, P2 1 /n (#14) space group, where the unit cell parameters are related to the primitive unit cell a p by a≈√(2)a p , b≈√(2)a p and c ≈ 2a p . The structures show an alternate distribution of the Ru 5+ (2d: 0.5, 0, 0) and Hr 3+ (2c: 0, 0.5, 0) making up RuO 6 and HrO 6 octahedra alternatively arranged in two interleaving fcc sublattices, where the O(1), O(2), and O(3) ions are localized at the corner of the octahedral, while the Sr 2+ is located at the A-site, occupying the cavities built by the corner-sharing octahedra with Wyckoff position 4e. Due to the existence of mismatched ionic sizes between the ionic radii of the Sr 2 HrRuO 6 compounds, the HrO 6 and RuO 6 octahedra are constrained to tilting around the [111] c , [001] c , and [110] c cubic directions so as to optimize the Sr–O inter-atomic bond lengths, tending to rotate the structure in order to fix the Ru 5+ and Hr 3+ ions on the M′ and M″ sites of the complex perovskites. The cell parameters a, b, and c, the inter-atomic bond angles, the inter-atomic bond lengths, and the tilting angles increase as the Hr-cation ionic radius increases. The mismatch that exists in the Sr 2 HrRuO 6 ionic radius produces a large distortion from the ideal cubic symmetry. The pure perovskite-like phase of Sr 2 HrRuO 6 is thermodynamically and kinetically stable at high temperatures above 1420 K, where it is entirely governed by the average size of the Hr 3+ and Ru 5+ cations. Highlights: ► Crystal structure of Sr 2 HrRuO 6 (Hr = Ho, Dy, Gd, Eu) as a function of Hr ionic radius. ► XRD

  12. Synthesis, characterization, and in vitro evaluation of a radio-metal organic framework composed of in vivo generator {sup 166}Dy/{sup 166}Ho and DOTMP as a novel agent for bone marrow ablation

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Vosoghi, Sara; Shirvani-Arani, Simindokht; Bahrami-Samani, Ali; Salek, Nafise; Mirerezaei, Ehsan; Jalilian, Amir Reza [Nuclear Science and Technology Research Institute (NSTRI), Tehran (Iran, Islamic Republic of)

    2016-07-01

    In this study, the MOF concept contributed to the preparation of a novel, bone-ablating agent composed of Cu(II) using the in vivo generator {sup 166}Dy/{sup 166}Ho and 1,4,7,10-tetraazacyclododecane-1,4,7,10-tetramethylene phosphonic acid (DOTMP). The product was characterized (IR, elemental analysis: CHN, ICM-MS, PIXE, DLS, XRD) and quality-controlled (radio-thin layer chromatography (RTLC)). The stability and in vitro hydroxyapatite binding was checked up to one week at 37 C in human serum. Radio-MOF crystals and colloidal radio-MOF particles were obtained by varying the synthesizing conditions (including pH and temperature), and they had similar IR patterns and similar elemental analysis results. The estimated chemical formula was [1Lu-1Cu-1Cl-1DOTMP] for both. The final product was synthesized at pH = 8 while stirring at room temperature using {sup 166}Dy/{sup 166}Ho-nitrate, CuCl{sub 2}, and DOTMP (yield > 99%, RTLC). Dynamic light scattering (DLS) measurements showed particles in the size range of 60 to 100 nm for the resultant radio-MOF particles (RMP). In vitro binding experiments showed acceptable bone-seeking affinity of the prepared formula even after one week of storage in human serum at 37 C. Importantly, this is the first study of the use of the MOF concept to provide a highly-stable organometallic compound containing {sup 166}Dy/{sup 166}Ho in vivo generator for bone marrow ablation.

  13. Sol-gel syntheses of pentaborate β-LaB5O9 and the photoluminescence by doping with Eu3+, Tb3+, Ce3+, Sm3+, and Dy3+

    Science.gov (United States)

    Yang, Ruirui; Sun, Xiaorui; Jiang, Pengfei; Gao, Wenliang; Cong, Rihong; Yang, Tao

    2018-02-01

    Rare earth (RE) borates have been extensively studied as good photoluminescent materials, however, the target hosts were limited to "RE3BO6", REBO3, and REB3O6 in the RE2O3-B2O3 phase diagram until the recent discovery of rare earth pentaborate. For the first time, the sol-gel method was employed to synthesize β-LaB5O9 doped with Eu3+, Tb3+, Ce3+, Sm3+, Dy3+. In comparison to the previous synthetic methods, the sol-gel method possesses superiorities including easily-controllable doping concentration, high yield and emission efficiency. Solid solutions of phosphors were prepared and carefully analyzed by powder X-ray diffraction. Concentration quenching or saturation was observed in Eu3+, Tb3+ and Ce3+ doped phosphors at round 10 at%. Eu3+, Tb3+, Sm3+, and Dy3+ emit red, green, orange, and close-to-white light, respectively. The absolute emission efficiency of Ce3+ is high and in the UV range, suggesting the function of being sensitizer once combined with other activators.

  14. Magnetoelectric effect in two-layered self-biased composites Tb{sub 0.12}Dy{sub 0.2}Fe{sub 0.68}/epoxy - PbZr{sub 0.53}Ti{sub 0.47}O{sub 3}

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Kalgin, A.V.; Gridnev, S.A.; Popov, I.I. [Voronezh State Technical University, Voronezh (Russian Federation)

    2017-03-15

    Direct magnetoelectric (ME) effect in two-layered Tb{sub 0.12}Dy{sub 0.2}Fe{sub 0.68}/Epoxy - PbZr{sub 0.53}Ti{sub 0.47}O{sub 3} composites containing magnetostrictive layers of the epoxy with distributed in it Tb{sub 0.12}Dy{sub 0.2}Fe{sub 0.68} granules and piezoelectric layers of the PbZr{sub 0.53}Ti{sub 0.47}O{sub 3} ceramics was studied. It was found, that the gradient distribution of Tb{sub 0.12}Dy{sub 0.2}Fe{sub 0.68} granules in magnetostrictive layers induces the internal (self-biased) magnetic field. This field leads to the increase in ME responses in composites with the gradient distribution of Tb{sub 0.12}Dy{sub 0.2}Fe{sub 0.68} granules in magnetostrictive layers as compared with ME responses in composites with the random distribution of Tb{sub 0.12}Dy{sub 0.2}Fe{sub 0.68} granules in magnetostrictive layers, which does not induce the internal magnetic field. We revealed the possibility of controlling and determining values of the internal magnetic field in composites and conditions for obtaining optimal ME responses. (copyright 2017 WILEY-VCH Verlag GmbH and Co. KGaA, Weinheim)

  15. Magnetization fluctuation analysis and superconducting parameters of La0.5RE0.5BaCaCu3O7-δ(RE=Y, Sm, Gd, Dy, Ho, Yb) superconductor

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Parra Vargas, C.A.; Pimentel, J.L.; Pureur, P.; Landinez Tellez, D.A.; Roa-Rojas, J.

    2009-01-01

    In this work we report the analysis of magnetization experimental data of the La 0.5 RE 0.5 BaCaCu 3 O 7-δ (RE=Y, Sm, Gd, Dy, Ho, Yb) superconducting system. The data are analyzed in terms of thermal fluctuations on the magnetization excess ΔM(T) for different values of temperature in each one of the samples. We describe a procedure for extracting the penetration depth λ ab (∼1571A) and the coherence length ξ ab (∼1.52A) parameters from the magnetization, as a function of the applied magnetic field. This procedure was performed for polycrystalline samples of La 0.5 RE 0.5 BaCaCu 3 O 7-δ by using the theory of Bulaevskii, Ledvij and Kogan, which analyzes the vortex fluctuation in superconducting materials within the Lawrence-Doniach framework. These data allowed to determine the characteristic temperature value T * (73, 58, 48, 57, 56, 71 K, for RE=Y, Sm, Gd, Dy, Ho, Yb, respectively) in the magnetization curves for several magnetic fields. We calculated the data of magnetization excess from the curves of magnetization as a function of logarithm of applied field. We notice that the values for these superconducting parameters are in agreement with the reports for high temperature superconductors. The obtained value of superconducting volumetric fraction is compared with that obtained through the measure of the Meissner effect.

  16. Room temperature synthesis of hydrophilic Ln(3+)-doped KGdF4 (Ln = Ce, Eu, Tb, Dy) nanoparticles with controllable size: energy transfer, size-dependent and color-tunable luminescence properties.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Yang, Dongmei; Li, Guogang; Kang, Xiaojiao; Cheng, Ziyong; Ma, Ping'an; Peng, Chong; Lian, Hongzhou; Li, Chunxia; Lin, Jun

    2012-06-07

    In this paper, we demonstrate a simple, template-free, reproducible and one-step synthesis of hydrophilic KGdF(4): Ln(3+) (Ln = Ce, Eu, Tb and Dy) nanoparticles (NPs) via a solution-based route at room temperature. X-Ray diffraction (XRD), scanning electron microscopy (SEM), transmission electron microscopy (TEM), Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy (FT-IR), photoluminescence (PL) and cathodoluminescence (CL) spectra are used to characterize the samples. The results indicate that the use of water-diethyleneglycol (DEG) solvent mixture as the reaction medium not only allows facile particle size control but also endows the as-prepared samples with good water-solubility. In particular, the mean size of NPs is monotonously reduced with the increase of DEG content, from 215 to 40 nm. The luminescence intensity and absolute quantum yields for KGdF(4): Ce(3+), Tb(3+) NPs increase remarkably with particle sizes ranging from 40 to 215 nm. Additionally, we systematically investigate the magnetic and luminescence properties of KGdF(4): Ln(3+) (Ln = Ce, Eu, Tb and Dy) NPs. They display paramagnetic and superparamagnetic properties with mass magnetic susceptibility values of 1.03 × 10(-4) emu g(-1)·Oe and 3.09 × 10(-3) emu g(-1)·Oe at 300 K and 2 K, respectively, and multicolor emissions due to the energy transfer (ET) process Ce(3+)→ Gd(3+)→ (Gd(3+))(n)→ Ln(3+), in which Gd(3+) ions play an intermediate role in this process. Representatively, it is shown that the energy transfer from Ce(3+) to Tb(3+) occurs mainly via the dipole-quadrupole interaction by comparison of the theoretical calculation and experimental results. This kind of magnetic/luminescent dual-function materials may have promising applications in multiple biolabels and MR imaging.

  17. Rare earth elements in the Pacific and Atlantic Oceans. [Pr, Tb, Ho, Tm, Lu, La, Nd, Sm, Eu, Gd, Yb, Ce

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Baar, H J.W. de; Bacon, M P; Brewer, P G; Bruland, K W

    1985-09-01

    The first profiles of Pr, Tb, Ho, Tm and Lu in the Pacific Ocean, as well as profiles of La, Ce, Nd, Sm, Eu, Gd and Yb are reported. Concentrations of REE (except Ce) in the deep water are two to three times higher than those observed in the deep Atlantic Ocean. Surface water concentrations are typically lower than in the Atlantic Ocean, especially for the heavier elements Ho,Tm,Yb and Lu. Cerium is strongly depleted in the Pacific water column, but less so in the oxygen minimum zone. The distribution of the REE group is consistent with two simultaneous processes: (1) cycling similar to that of opal and calcium carbonate, and (2) adsorptive scavenging by settling particles and possibly by uptake at ocean boundaries. However, the first process can probably not be sustained by the low REE contents of shells, unless additional adsorption on surfaces is invoked. The second process, adsorptive scavenging, largely controls the oceanic distribution and typical seawater pattern of the rare earths. (author).

  18. Optical and magneto-optical properties of single crystals of RFe{sub 2} (R = Gd, Tb, Ho, and Lu) and GdCo{sub 2} intermetallic compounds

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Lee, S.J.

    1999-02-12

    The author has studied the diagonal and off-diagonal optical conductivity of RFe{sub 2}(R = Gd, Tb, Ho, Lu) and GdCo{sub 2} single crystals grown by the flux method. Using spectroscopic ellipsometry the author has measured the dielectric function from 1.5 to 5.5 eV. The magneto-optical Kerr spectrometer at temperatures between 7 and 295 K and applied magnetic fields between 0.5 to 1.6 T. The apparatus and calibration method are described in detail. Using magneto-optical data and optical constants he derives the experimental value of the off-diagonal conductivity components. Theoretical calculations of optical conductivities and magneto-optical parameters were performed using the tight binding-linear muffin tin orbitals method within the local spin density approximation. He applied this TB-LMTO method to LuFe{sub 2}. The theoretical results obtained agree well with the experimental data. The oxidation effects on the diagonal part of the optical conductivity were considered using a three-phase model. The oxidation effects on the magneto-optical parameters were also considered by treating the oxide layer as a nonmagnetic thin transparent layer. These corrections change not only the magnitude but also the shape of the optical conductivity and the magneto-optical parameters.

  19. Magnetic ordering of Hf{sub 3}Ni{sub 2}Si{sub 3}-type {Sm, Tb, Er}{sub 3}Co{sub 2}Ge{sub 3} and {Tb, Ho}{sub 3}Ni{sub 2}Ge{sub 3} compounds

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Morozkin, A.V., E-mail: morozkin@tech.chem.msu.ru [Department of Chemistry, Moscow State University, Leninskie Gory, House 1, Building 3, Moscow, GSP-1, 119991 (Russian Federation); Yapaskurt, V.O. [Department of Petrology, Geological Faculty Moscow State University, Leninskie Gory, Moscow 119991 (Russian Federation); Nirmala, R. [Indian Institute of Technology Madras, Chennai 600036 (India); Quezado, S.; Malik, S.K. [Departamento de Física Teórica e Experimental, Universidade Federal do Rio Grande do Norte, Natal 59082-970 (Brazil); Mozharivskyj, Y. [Department of Chemistry and Chemical Biology, McMaster University, 1280 Main Street West, Hamilton, Ontario, Canada L8S 4M1 (Canada); Isnard, O. [CNRS, Institut. Néel, 25 rue des Martyrs BP166 x, F-38042 Grenoble (France); Université Grenoble Alpes, Inst. Néel, F-38042 Grenoble (France)

    2017-02-15

    The magnetic ordering of Hf{sub 3}Ni{sub 2}Si{sub 3}-type {Sm, Tb, Er}{sub 3}Co{sub 2}Ge{sub 3} and {Tb, Ho}{sub 3}Ni{sub 2}Ge{sub 3} compounds (space group Cmcm, oC32) was investigated via magnetization measurements and neutron diffraction study in a zero-applied field. {Sm, Tb, Er}{sub 3}Co{sub 2}Ge{sub 3} and Ho{sub 3}Ni{sub 2}Ge{sub 3} exhibit field sensitive complex antiferromagnetic orderings with T{sub N}=51 K, T{sub m}=10 K for Sm{sub 3}Co{sub 2}Ge{sub 3}, T{sub N}=34 K, T{sub m}=13 K for Tb{sub 3}Co{sub 2}Ge{sub 3}, T{sub N}=7 K for Er{sub 3}Co{sub 2}Ge{sub 3} and T{sub N}=11 K for Ho{sub 3}Ni{sub 2}Ge{sub 3}. At 2 K and above the critical field of ~5 kOe, 20 kOe, 4 kOe and 7 kOe for Sm{sub 3}Co{sub 2}Ge{sub 3}, Tb{sub 3}Co{sub 2}Ge{sub 3}, Er{sub 3}Co{sub 2}Ge{sub 3} and Ho{sub 3}Ni{sub 2}Ge{sub 3}, respectively, saturation magnetizations per rare-earth atom are 6.5 μ{sub B} for Tb{sub 3}Co{sub 2}Ge{sub 3}, 7.0 μ{sub B} for Er{sub 3}Co{sub 2}Ge{sub 3} and 8.0 μ{sub B} for Ho{sub 3}Ni{sub 2}Ge{sub 3} in the field of 140 kOe, whereas magnetization of Sm{sub 3}Co{sub 2}Ge{sub 3} has an antiferromagnetic behaviour. The isothermal magnetic entropy change, ΔS{sub m}, indicates a field-induced ferromagnetic ordering in Sm{sub 3}Co{sub 2}Ge{sub 3}, Tb{sub 3}Co{sub 2}Ge3, Er{sub 3}Co{sub 2}Ge{sub 3} and Ho{sub 3}Ni{sub 2}Ge{sub 3} with a maximal ΔS{sub m} value of −10.9 J/kg K for Ho{sub 3}Ni{sub 2}Ge{sub 3} at 11 K for a field change of 50 kOe. In a zero-applied magnetic field, below T{sub N}=33 K and down to T{sub m}{sup ND}=15 K Tb{sub 3}Ni{sub 2}Ge{sub 3} shows an ac-antiferromagnetic ordering with the C2′/c magnetic space group, a K{sub 0}=[0, 0, 0] propagation vector and a a{sub Tb3Ni2Ge3}×b{sub Tb3Ni2Ge3}×c{sub Tb3Ni2Ge3} magnetic unit cell. Below T{sub m}{sup ND}=15 K, its magnetic structure is a sum of the ac-antiferromagnetic component with the C2′/c magnetic space group of the K{sub 0} vector and a sine-modulated a

  20. A binuclear Fe(III)Dy(III) single molecule magnet. Quantum effects and models.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ferbinteanu, Marilena; Kajiwara, Takashi; Choi, Kwang-Yong; Nojiri, Hiroyuki; Nakamoto, Akio; Kojima, Norimichi; Cimpoesu, Fanica; Fujimura, Yuichi; Takaishi, Shinya; Yamashita, Masahiro

    2006-07-19

    The binuclear [FeIII(bpca)(mu-bpca)Dy(NO3)4], having Single Molecule Magnet (SMM) properties, belonging to a series of isostructural FeIIILnIII complexes (Ln = Eu, Gd, Tb, Dy, Ho) and closely related FeIILnIII chain structures, was characterized in concise experimental and theoretical respects. The low temperature magnetization data showed hysteresis and tunneling. The anomalous temperature dependence of Mössbauer spectra is related to the onset of magnetic order, consistent with the magnetization relaxation time scale resulting from AC susceptibility measurements. The advanced ab initio calculations (CASSCF and spin-orbit) revealed the interplay of ligand field, spin-orbit, and exchange effects and probed the effective Ising nature of the lowest states, involved in the SMM and tunneling effects.

  1. Synthesis and characterization of heterobinuclear (La-Zn, Pr-Zn, Nd-Zn, Sm-Zn, Eu-Zn, Gd-Zn, Tb-Zn, Dy-Zn) azine-bridged complexes

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Singh, Bachcha; Srivastav, A.K.; Singh, P.K.

    1997-01-01

    Zinc(II) complex of 2-acetylpyridine salicyl aldazine (Haps) of the type Zn(aps) 2 (H 2 O) 2 has been synthesised. The reaction of Zn(aps) 2 (H 2 O) 2 with lanthanide chlorides, LnCl 3 (where Ln=La, Pr, Nd, Sm, Eu, Gd, Tb and Dy) yields azine-bridged heterobinuclear complexes of the formulae LnCl 3 Zn(aps) 2 (H 2 O) 2 . These complexes have been characterized by elemental analyses, molecular weight, conductance (solid and solution) and magnetic susceptibility measurements, mass, IR and electronic spectral data. X-ray powder diffraction data indicate the tetragonal unit lattice for Zn(aps) 2 (H 2 O) 2 and PrCl 3 Zn(aps) 2 (H 2 O) 2 . (author)

  2. Synthesis and characterization of La(III), Pr(III), Nd(III), Sm(III), Eu(III), Gd(III), Tb(III) and Dy(III) complexes of 2-acetylfuran-2-thenoylhydrazone

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Singh, B.; Singh, Praveen K.

    1998-01-01

    The reaction of 2-acetylfuran-2-thenoylhydrazone(afth) with Ln(III) trichlorides yields complexes of the type [Ln(afth)Cl 2 (H 2 O)(EtOH)]Cl, [Ln(III) = La, Pr, Nd, Sm, Eu, Gd, Tb and Dy]. The complexes have been characterized by molar conductance, magnetic susceptibility and TGA and DTA measurements, magnetic susceptibility and TGA and DTA measurements, FAB mass, infrared, proton NMR, electronic absorption and emission spectra. The terbium complex is found to be monomer from the FAB mass spectrum. The IR and NMR spectra suggest neutral tridentate behaviour of the Schiff base. A coordination number seven is proposed around the metal ions. Emission spectra suggest C 3v , symmetry around the metal ion with capped octahedron geometry for the europium complex. (author)

  3. Mezinárodní spolupráce v dějinách vědy středoevropského prostoru

    Czech Academy of Sciences Publication Activity Database

    Štrbáňová, Soňa

    -, č. 9 (2015), s. 24-26 ISSN 1210-9525. [Hledání jazyka vědy, český případ. Praha, 21.05.2015 -] Institutional support: RVO:68378114 Keywords : history of science * cooperation in history of science * national style in science Subject RIV: AB - History

  4. Peculiarity of component interaction in {l_brace}Y, Dy{r_brace}-Mn-Sn ternary systems

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Romaka, V.V. [Department of Materials Engineering and Applied Physics, Lviv Polytechnic National University, Ustyyanovycha Str. 5, 79013 Lviv (Ukraine); Konyk, M. [Inorganic Chemistry Department, Ivan Franko Lviv National University, Kyryla and Mefodiya Str. 6, 79005 Lviv (Ukraine); Romaka, L., E-mail: romakal@franko.lviv.ua [Inorganic Chemistry Department, Ivan Franko Lviv National University, Kyryla and Mefodiya Str. 6, 79005 Lviv (Ukraine); Pavlyuk, V. [Inorganic Chemistry Department, Ivan Franko Lviv National University, Kyryla and Mefodiya Str. 6, 79005 Lviv (Ukraine); Jan Dlugosz University, Institute of Chemistry, Environmental Protection and Biotechnology, al. Armii Krajowej 13/15, 42200 Czestochowa (Poland); Ehrenberg, H. [Institute for Complex Materials, IFW Dresden, Helmholtzstrasse 20, D-01069 Dresden (Germany); Tkachuk, A. [Inorganic Chemistry Department, Ivan Franko Lviv National University, Kyryla and Mefodiya Str. 6, 79005 Lviv (Ukraine)

    2011-07-14

    Highlights: > {l_brace}Y, Dy{r_brace}-Mn-Sn ternary systems at 770 K are characterized by formation of stannides with general compositions RMn{sub 6}Sn{sub 6} and R{sub 4}Mn{sub 4}Sn{sub 7}. > The crystal structure of YMn{sub 6}Sn{sub 6} was determined by single crystal and powder diffraction methods. > Structural analysis showed that Dy{sub 4}Mn{sub 4}Sn{sub 7} compound is disordered. > Isostructural R{sub 4}Mn{sub 4}Sn{sub 7} compounds were also found with Gd, Tb, Ho, Er, Tm(confirmed), Yb, and Lu. - Abstract: The phase equilibria in the Y-Mn-Sn and Dy-Mn-Sn ternary systems were studied at 770 K by means of X-ray and metallographic analyses in the whole concentration range. Both Y-Mn-Sn and Dy-Mn-Sn systems are characterized by formation of two ternary compounds RMn{sub 6}Sn{sub 6} (MgFe{sub 6}Ge{sub 6}-type, space group P6/mmm) and R{sub 4}Mn{sub 4}Sn{sub 7} (Zr{sub 4}Co{sub 4}Ge{sub 7}-type, space group I4/mmm). The disorder in Dy{sub 4}Mn{sub 4}Sn{sub 7} compound was found by single crystal method. Compounds with the same type of structure were also found with Gd, Tb, Ho, Er, Tm (confirmed), Yb, and Lu and their lattice parameters were determined.

  5. Elastic and Raman scattering of 8.5-11.4 MeV photons from 159Tb, 165Ho, and 237Np

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Bar-Noy, T.; Moreh, R.

    1977-01-01

    Differential cross sections for elastic and inelastic Raman scattering from the deformed heavy nuclei 159 Tb, 165 Ho and 237 Np were measured at five energies between 8.5 and 11.4 MeV. Angular distributions at four angles between 90 0 and 140 0 for both elastic and inelastic scattering at 9.0 and 11.4 MeV were also measured. The monoenergetic photons were obtained from thermal neutron capture in Ni and Cr. All the angular distributions and the elastic and Raman scattering at the higher energies are in good overall agreement with theoretical predictions. The theory is based on a modified simple rotator model of the giant resonance in which the effect of Delbrueck scattering was included. A trend of both the elastic and Raman scattering at lower energies to be stronger than expected are suggested by the data. However, the ratio between the Raman and elastic scattering seem to be in good agreement with theory throughout the whole energy range. This shows that there is no need to introduce a direct nonresonant component to the imaginary part of the elastic scattering amplitude to explain the experimental data. (Auth.)

  6. Investigation of local magnetism in RZn (R = Ce, Gd, Tb, Dy) and GdCu intermetallic compounds using perturbed angular correlation gamma-gamma spectroscopy; Investigacao do magnetismo local em compostos intermetalicos do tipo RZn (R = Ce, Gd, Tb, Dy) e GdCu pela espectroscopia de correlacao angular gama-gama perturbada

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Santos, Brianna Bosch dos

    2010-07-01

    This work presents, from a microscopic point of view, a systematic study of the local magnetism in RZn (R = Ce, Gd, Tb, Dy) and GdCu intermetallic compounds through measurements of hyperfine interactions using the Perturbed Angular Correlation Gamma- Gamma Spectroscopy technique with {sup 111}In {yields} {sup 111}Cd and {sup 140}La {yields} {sup 140}Ce as probe nuclei. As the magnetism in these compounds originates from the 4f electrons of the rare-earth elements it is interesting to observe in a systematic study of RZn compounds the behavior of the magnetic hyperfine field with the variation of the number of 4f electrons in the R element. The use of probe nuclei {sup 140}La {yields} {sup 140}Ce is interesting because Ce{sup +3} ion posses one 4f electron which may contribute to the total hyperfine field, and the results showed anomalous behavior. The results for {sup 111}Cd probe showed that the temperature dependence of the magnetic hyperfine field follows the Brillouin function, and the magnetic hyperfine field decreases linearly with increase of the atomic number of rare earth when plotted as a function of the rare-earth J spin projection, showing that the main contribution to the magnetic hyperfine field in RZn compounds comes from the polarization of the conduction electrons. The results for the electric field gradient measured with {sup 111}Cd for all compounds showed a strong decrease with the atomic number of the rare-earth element. We have therefore assumed that the major contribution to the electric field gradient originates from the 4f electrons of the rare-earths. The measurements of the electric field gradient for GdCu with {sup 111}Cd, after temperature decreases and increases again showed that two different structures, CsCl-type cubic and FeB-type orthorhombic structures co-exist. Finally, it is the first time that measurements of hyperfine parameters have been carried out with theses two probe nuclei in the studied RZn. (author)

  7. Features of magnetic and thermal properties of R(Co{sub 1−x}Fe{sub x}){sub 2} (x≤0.16) quasibinary compounds with R=Dy, Ho, Er

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Anikin, Maksim; Tarasov, Evgeniy; Kudrevatykh, Nikolay [Institute of Natural Sciences, Ural Federal University, Ekaterinburg 620002 (Russian Federation); Inishev, Aleksander [Institute of Metal Physics, Ekaterinburg 620137 (Russian Federation); Semkin, Mikhail; Volegov, Aleksey; Zinin, Aleksander [Institute of Natural Sciences, Ural Federal University, Ekaterinburg 620002 (Russian Federation)

    2016-11-15

    In this work the results of measurements of high field susceptibility, paraprocess susceptibility and thermal properties of R(Co{sub 1−x}Fe{sub x}){sub 2} intermetallic compounds (R=Dy, Ho, Er and x=(0−0.16)) are presented (heat capacity and magnetocaloric effect (MCE)). A magnetic structure of the Ho(Co{sub 0.88}Fe{sub 0.12}){sub 2} at 293 K and 78 K was studied by neutron powder diffraction. Some peculiarities of a high-field susceptibility were revealed at low temperatures and around the Curie point (T{sub C}). In temperature range lower than T{sub C} by (100–150) K, magnetic contributions to a zero-field heat capacity were found. Studying MCE in wide temperatures range, the large change of the entropy magnetic contribution (∆S) was observed which correlates with ∆T phenomenon. In particular, for the Er(Co{sub 0.84}Fe{sub 0.16}){sub 2} compound the ∆S value at low temperatures is six times higher than that at Curie point. The possible reasons of such behavior were discussed. - Highlights: • Magnetic and magnetocaloric properties of R(Co–Fe){sub 2} compounds have been studied. • Fe introduction induces the disorientation effect in Ho-ions magnetic ordering. • Emergence of magnetic contribution to a heat capacity at temperatures less T{sub C}. • The existence of a broad maximum on a temperature dependence of the MCE. • Direct MCE measurements at magnetic field of (0–17.5) kOe have been performed.

  8. Novel specific heat and magnetoresistance behavior of Tb0.5Ho0.5Mn2Si2

    Science.gov (United States)

    Pandey, Swati; Siruguri, V.; Rawat, R.

    2018-04-01

    In this report, we study temperature dependent heat capacity and electrical resistance of Tb1-xHoxMn2Si2 (x = 0.5). Two successive low temperature magnetic transitions T1 (˜15 K) and T2 (˜25 K) are observed from both measurements. Anomalous rise in heat capacity at low temperatures is ascribed to the nuclear Schottky effect. Sommerfeld coefficient (γ), Debye temperature (θD) and density of states at Fermi level N(EF) is calculated from the zero field specific heat data. We observe 4f contribution to heat capacity from T1 to 100K, which is attributed to crystal field effect. In the electrical transport study, application of the magnetic field shows a substantial change around the ordering temperature of rare earth moment resulting in large positive magnetoresistance of about 20% with field change of 6T.

  9. Hydrothermal synthesis, structure, and optical properties of two nanosized Ln{sub 26} rate at CO{sub 3} (Ln=Dy and Tb) cluster-based lanthanide-transition-metal-organic frameworks (Ln MOFs)

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Zhang, Yu; Huang, Lian; Miao, Hao; Wan, Hong Xiang; Mei, Hua; Liu, Ying [State Key Laboratory of Materials-Oriented Chemical Engineering, Nanjing Tech University (China); Xu, Yan [State Key Laboratory of Materials-Oriented Chemical Engineering, Nanjing Tech University (China); State Key Laboratory of Coordination Chemistry, Nanjing Tech University (China)

    2015-02-16

    Two Ln{sub 26} rate at CO{sub 3} (Ln=Dy and Tb) cluster-based lanthanide-transition-metal-organic frameworks (Ln MOFs) formulated as [Dy{sub 26}Cu{sub 3}(Nic){sub 24}(CH{sub 3}COO){sub 8}(CO{sub 3}){sub 11}(OH){sub 26}(H{sub 2}O){sub 14}]Cl . 3 H{sub 2}O (1; HNic=nicotinic acid) and [Tb{sub 26}NaAg{sub 3}(Nic){sub 27}(CH{sub 3}COO){sub 6}(CO{sub 3}){sub 11}(OH){sub 26}Cl(H{sub 2}O){sub 15}] . 7.5 H{sub 2}O (2) have been successfully synthesized by hydrothermal methods and characterized by IR, thermogravimetric analysis (TGA), elemental analysis, and single X-ray diffraction. Compound 1 crystallizes in the monoclinic space group Cc with a=35.775(12) Aa, b=33.346(11) Aa, c=24.424(8) Aa, β=93.993(5) , V=29065(16) Aa{sup 3}, whereas 2 crystallizes in the triclinic space group P anti 1 with a=20.4929(19) Aa, b=24.671(2) Aa, c=29.727(3) Aa, α=81.9990(10) , β=88.0830(10) , γ=89.9940(10) , V=14875(2) Aa{sup 3}. Structural analysis indicates the framework of 1 is a 3D perovskite-like structure constructed out of CO{sub 3} rate at Dy{sub 26} building units and Cu{sup +} centers by means of nicotinic acid ligand bridging. In 2, however, nanosized CO{sub 3} rate at Tb{sub 26} units and [Ag{sub 3}Cl]{sup 2+} centers are connected by Nic{sup -} bridges to give rise to a 2D structure. It is worth mentioning that this kind of 4d-4f cluster-based MOF is quite rare as most of the reported analogous compounds are 3d-4f ones. Additionally, the solid-state emission spectra of pure compound 2 at room temperature suggest an efficient energy transfer from the ligand Nic{sup -} to Tb{sup 3+} ions, which we called the ''antenna effect''. Compound 2 shows a good two-photon absorption (TPA) with a TPA coefficient of 0.06947 cm GM{sup -1} (1 GM = 10{sup -50} cm{sup 4} s photon{sup -1}), which indicates that compound 2 might be a good choice for third-order nonlinear optical materials. (copyright 2015 WILEY-VCH Verlag GmbH and Co. KGaA, Weinheim)

  10. The high-temperature modification of LuAgSn and high-pressure high-temperature experiments on DyAgSn, HoAgSn, and YbAgSn

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Heying, B.; Rodewald, U.C.; Hermes, W.; Schappacher, F.M.; Riecken, J.F.; Poettgen, R. [Muenster Univ. (Germany). Inst. fuer Anorganische und Analytische Chemie; Heymann, G.; Huppertz, H. [Muenchen Univ. (Germany). Dept. fuer Chemie und Biochemie; Sebastian, C.P. [Max-Planck-Institut fuer Chemische Physik Fester Stoffe, Dresden (Germany)

    2008-02-15

    The high-temperature modification of LuAgSn was obtained by arc-melting an equiatomic mixture of the elements followed by quenching the melt on a water-cooled copper crucible. HT-LuAgSn crystallizes with the NdPtSb-type structure, space group P6{sub 3}mc: a = 463.5(1), c = 723.2(1) pm, wR2 = 0.0270, 151 F{sup 2}, and 11 variables. The silver and tin atoms build up two-dimensional, puckered [Ag{sub 3}Sn{sub 3}] networks (276 pm Ag-Sn) that are charge-balanced and separated by the lutetium atoms. The Ag-Sn distances between the [Ag{sub 3}Sn{sub 3}] layers of 294 pm are much longer. Single crystals of isotypic DyAgSn (a = 468.3(1), c = 734.4(1) pm, wR2 = 0.0343, 411 F{sup 2}, and 11 variables) and HoAgSn (a = 467.2(1), c = 731.7(2) pm, wR2 = 0.0318, 330 F{sup 2}, and 11 variables) were obtained from arc-melted samples. Under high-pressure (up to 12.2 GPa) and high-temperature (up to 1470 K) conditions, no transitions to a ZrNiAl-related phase have been observed for DyAgSn, HoAgSn, and YbAgSn. HT-TmAgSn shows Curie-Weiss paramagnetism with {mu}{sub eff} = 7.53(1) {mu}{sub B}/Tm atom and {theta}P = -15.0(5) K. No magnetic ordering was evident down to 3 K. HT-LuAgSn is a Pauli paramagnet. Room-temperature {sup 119}Sn Moessbauer spectra of HT-TmAgSn and HT-LuAgSn show singlet resonances with isomer shifts of 1.78(1) and 1.72(1) mm/s, respectively. (orig.)

  11. Luminescence and magnetic behaviour of almond like (Na{sub 0.5}La{sub 0.5})MoO{sub 4}:RE{sup 3+} (RE = Eu, Tb, Dy) nanostructures

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Krishnan, Rajagopalan [Department of Physics, B.S. Abdur Rahman University, Vandalur, Chennai, Tamil Nadu (India); Thirumalai, Jagannathan, E-mail: jthirumalai@bsauniv.ac.in [Department of Physics, B.S. Abdur Rahman University, Vandalur, Chennai, Tamil Nadu (India); Thomas, Sabu [Polymer Science and Technology, Center for Nanoscience and Nanotechnology, School of Chemical Sciences, Mahatma Gandhi University, Kottayam 686 560, Kerala (India); Gowri, Mahasampath [Department of Chemistry, B.S. Abdur Rahman University, Vandalur, Chennai, Tamil Nadu (India)

    2014-08-01

    Graphical abstract: Monodispersed almond-like (Na{sub 0.5}La{sub 0.5})MoO{sub 4}:RE{sup 3+} nanostructures synthesized by employing ethylene-diamine tetra acetic acid (EDTA) using hydrothermal route at 200 °C for 24 h. These nanoparticles were found to be novel bi-functional candidates suitable for high-quality luminescence and magnetic applications. - Highlights: • Almond like structures of (Na{sub 0.5}La{sub 0.5})MoO{sub 4}:RE{sup 3+} were synthesized by hydrothermal method. • Time dependent self-assembly could be the dominant process for the formation of 3D networks. • Luminescence properties of nanosamples were studied in comparison with bulk sample. • Room temperature magnetic properties of bulk and nanophosphors were investigated. - Abstract: Tetragonal phase (Na{sub 0.5}La{sub 0.5})MoO{sub 4}:RE{sup 3+} (RE = Eu, Tb, Dy) with almond like hierarchical structures assembled from nanosheets building blocks were successfully synthesized by employing disodium ethylenediaminetetraacetic acid (Na{sub 2}EDTA) using hydrothermal route at 200 °C for 24 h. Field emission scanning electron microscope, transmission electron microscope, and X-ray diffraction patterns were used to characterize the morphology, size, and crystal structure with good resolution. The sequestering agent EDTA acts as quadridentate ligand coordinated with metal ions [Na{sup +}, La{sup 3+}/RE{sup 3+}] facilitating the formation of self-organized 3D networks. The growth mechanism for the formation of almond like nanostructures is explicated in four paths: dissolution, adsorption, in situ transformation in acidic and basic media and the effective collision. Photoluminescence excitation and emission spectra reveals a spectral blue shift which was observed in the nanosamples towards shorter wavelengths compared with the bulk sample. Upon UV irradiation, both bulk and nanostructure show strong luminescence in the red region due to the {sup 5}D{sub 0} → {sup 7}F{sub 2} transition in Eu{sup 3

  12. Crystal structure of the compounds R8Ga3Co (R=Ce, Pr, Nd, Sm, Tb, Dy, Ho, Er, Tm)

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Grin', Yu.N.; Sichevich, O.M.; Gladyshevskij, R.E.; Yarmolyuk, Ya.P.

    1984-01-01

    The crystal structure of Pr 8 Ga 3 Co compounds is studied by the method of monocrystal (autodiffractometer, MoKsub(α)): space group P6 3 mc, a=10.489, c=6.910 A, Z=2. Coordination numbers of atoms are 11-14 for Pr, 11 for Ga, 7 for Co. The shortest interatomic distances are 3.365 for Pr-Pr, 3.047 for Pr-Ga, 2.75 A for Pr-Co. Pr 3 Ga 3 Co structure is akin to structures of R 2 In compounds (Ni 2 In type) and R 2 Ga (Cl 2 Pb type). Isostructural compounds form in systems of other rare earth metals with gallium and cobalt

  13. 161Dy Moessbauer spectroscopy of the intermetallic compounds DyNi2Si2, DyNi2Ge2 and DyAg2Si2

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Onodera, Hideya; Murata, Akifumi; Koizuka, Masaaki; Ohashi, Masayoshi; Yamaguchi, Yasuo

    1994-01-01

    161 Dy Moessbauer spectroscopic study has been performed on DyNi 2 Si 2 , DyNi 2 Ge 2 and DyAg 2 Si 2 in order to clarify microscopic properties of antiferromagnets with incommensurate and sinusoidally moment-modulated structure. The experiments were done using the standard 161 Tb Moessbauer sources prepared by neutron irradiation at the Japan Material Testing Reactor. The Moessbauer spectra of DyNi 2 Si 2 are analyzed satisfactorily by a single set of hyperfine parameters, and hence the sinusoidal moment-modulation is considered to be realized through a distribution of spin relaxation rate. The broadened spectra of DyNi 2 Ge 2 are fitted tentatively by three subspectra. It seems for DyNi 2 Ge 2 that the incommensurate arrangement of Dy moments differed in magnitude as well as the distribution of spin relaxation rate originates the moment modulation. The fact that the spectrum of DyAg 2 Si 2 at 3 K consists of two distinct subspectra ensures the complicated antiferromagnetic structure where two kinds of Dy moments differed in magnitude are arranged noncollinearly. (author)

  14. Construction of Polynuclear Lanthanide (Ln = Dy(III), Tb(III), and Nd(III)) Cage Complexes Using Pyridine-Pyrazole-Based Ligands: Versatile Molecular Topologies and SMM Behavior.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bala, Sukhen; Sen Bishwas, Mousumi; Pramanik, Bhaskar; Khanra, Sumit; Fromm, Katharina M; Poddar, Pankaj; Mondal, Raju

    2015-09-08

    Employment of two different pyridyl-pyrazolyl-based ligands afforded three octanuclear lanthanide(III) (Ln = Dy, Tb) cage compounds and one hexanuclear neodymium(III) coordination cage, exhibiting versatile molecular architectures including a butterfly core. Relatively less common semirigid pyridyl-pyrazolyl-based asymmetric ligand systems show an interesting trend of forming polynuclear lanthanide cage complexes with different coordination environments around the metal centers. It is noteworthy here that construction of lanthanide complex itself is a challenging task in a ligand system as soft N-donor rich as pyridyl-pyrazol. We report herein some lanthanide complexes using ligand containing only one or two O-donors compare to five N-coordinating sites. The resultant multinuclear lanthanide complexes show interesting magnetic and spectroscopic features originating from different spatial arrangements of the metal ions. Alternating current (ac) susceptibility measurements of the two dysprosium complexes display frequency- and temperature-dependent out-of-phase signals in zero and 0.5 T direct current field, a typical characteristic feature of single-molecule magnet (SMM) behavior, indicating different energy reversal barriers due to different molecular topologies. Another aspect of this work is the occurrence of the not-so-common SMM behavior of the terbium complex, further confirmed by ac susceptibility measurement.

  15. 1,3-thiazole as suitable antenna ligand for lanthanide photoluminescence in [LnCl{sub 3}(thz){sub 4}].0.5thz, Ln = Sm, Eu, Gd, Tb, Dy

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Dannenbauer, Nicole; Mueller-Buschbaum, Klaus [Wuerzburg Univ. (Germany). Inst. for Inorganic Chemistry; Kuzmanoski, Ana; Feldmann, Claus [Karlsruhe Institute of Technology (KIT), Karlsruhe (Germany). Inst. for Inorganic Chemistry

    2014-02-15

    The series of luminescent monomeric lanthanide thiazole complexes [LnCl{sub 3}(thz){sub 4}].0.5thz (Ln = Sm, Eu, Gd, Tb, Dy; thz = 1,3-thiazole) has been synthesised and characterised by powder and single-crystal X-ray diffraction, IR and photoluminescence spectroscopy, DTA/TG as well as elemental analysis. The colourless compounds exhibit photoluminescence in the visible region with varying quantum efficiencies up to QY = 48 % for [LnCl{sub 3}(thz){sub 4}].0.5thz. Both, the lanthanide ions as well as the thiazole ligand contribute to the luminescence. Excitation can be achieved via intra-4f transitions and by exciting the ligand, emission is observed mainly from the lanthanide ions again by 4f transitions. Thiazole can transfer energy to the lanthanide ions, which further feeds the lanthanide emission by an efficient antenna effect even at room temperature. The lanthanide ions show pentagonal-bipyramidal coordination by three chloride anions and four N atoms of 1,3-thiazole, which leads to a strong {sup 5}D{sub 0} → {sup 7}F{sub 4} transition for europium. Significant differences arise as compared to thiophene complexes because no sulphur atom is involved in the metal coordination, as the thiazole ligand is solely coordinated via its nitrogen function. (orig.)

  16. Heat capacity of RFe{sub x}Mn{sub 12-x} (R = Gd, Tb and Dy) compounds: wiping out a cooperative 4f-4f exchange interaction by breaking the 3d-4f magnetic symmetry

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Pique, C; Blanco, J A; Abad, E [Departamento de Fisica, Universidad de Oviedo, Campus de Viesques, E-33204 Gijon (Spain); Burriel, R; Artigas, M [Instituto de Ciencia de Materiales de Aragon (CSIC-Universidad de Zaragoza), E-50009 Zaragoza (Spain); Fernandez-RodrIguez, J [European Synchrotron Radiation Facility, BP 220, F-38043 Grenoble Cedex (France)], E-mail: pique@uniovi.es

    2008-08-27

    Using adiabatic calorimetry the heat capacity of a series of RFe{sub x}Mn{sub 12-x} (R = Gd, Tb and Dy) compounds has been measured from 3 to 350 K. The substitution of Fe for Mn in RFe{sub x}Mn{sub 12-x} influences both the magnetic interactions on the 3d sublattice and the magnetism of R (the Neel temperature doubles on going from x = 0 to 6 and the compounds become ferromagnetic for x = 8 with Curie temperatures of around 300 K). In pure TbMn{sub 12} the heat-capacity data shows a {lambda}-type anomaly associated with the independent cooperative magnetic ordering of the R sublattice ({approx}5 K), while the anomaly related to the Mn magnetic ordering ({approx}100 K) is rather smooth, as observed in other itinerant magnetic systems such as YMn{sub 12}. In contrast, the substitution of Fe for Mn leads, on the one hand, to a more localized magnetic behaviour of the 3d sublattice, and, on the other, to magnetic polarization effects between the 3d and 4f sublattices, together with the disappearance of the cooperative magnetic ordering of the R sublattice due to the breaking of the antiferromagnetic symmetry in the 3d sublattice. This is reflected in the heat-capacity curve through a smooth Schottky-like anomaly. In the case of Gd compounds the magnitude of the exchange molecular-field parameter has been deduced by fitting the magnetic contribution to the heat capacity within a simple mean-field model. From this analysis we found that this molecular field acting on the rare-earth site increases with the iron concentration, reaching values as large as 48 T for the concentration x = 6. A similar analysis of the heat capacity in the ordered phase on the Tb compounds also leads to an enhancement of the molecular field with increasing Fe content. These results allow checking the possible crystal-field parameters for these RFe{sub x}Mn{sub 12-x} compounds.

  17. ARPES study of the evolution of band structure and charge density wave properties in RTe3 ( R=Y , La, Ce, Sm, Gd, Tb, and Dy)

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Hussain, Zahid; Brouet, Veronique; Yang, Wanli; Zhou, Xingjiang; Hussain, Zahid; Moore, R.G.; He, R.; Lu, D. H.; Shen, Z.X.; Laverock, J.; Dugdale, S.B.; Ru, N.; Fisher, R.

    2008-01-16

    We present a detailed angle-resolved photoemission spectroscopy (ARPES) investigation of the RTe3 family, which sets this system as an ideal"textbook" example for the formation of a nesting driven charge density wave (CDW). This family indeed exhibits the full range of phenomena that can be associated to CDWinstabilities, from the opening of large gaps on the best nested parts of Fermi surface (up to 0.4 eV), to the existence of residual metallic pockets. ARPES is the best suited technique to characterize these features, thanks to its unique ability to resolve the electronic structure in k space. An additional advantage of RTe3 is that theband structure can be very accurately described by a simple two dimensional tight-binding (TB) model, which allows one to understand and easily reproduce many characteristics of the CDW. In this paper, we first establish the main features of the electronic structure by comparing our ARPES measurements with the linear muffin-tinorbital band calculations. We use this to define the validity and limits of the TB model. We then present a complete description of the CDW properties and of their strong evolution as a function of R. Using simple models, we are able to reproduce perfectly the evolution of gaps in k space, the evolution of the CDW wave vector with R, and the shape of the residual metallic pockets. Finally, we give an estimation of the CDWinteraction parameters and find that the change in the electronic density of states n (EF), due to lattice expansion when different R ions are inserted, has the correct order of magnitude to explain the evolution of the CDW properties.

  18. Yb3+ can be much better than Dy3+: SMM properties and controllable self-assembly of novel lanthanide 3,5-dinitrobenzoate-acetylacetonate complexes.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gavrikov, Andrey V; Efimov, Nikolay N; Ilyukhin, Andrey B; Dobrokhotova, Zhanna V; Novotortsev, Vladimir M

    2018-05-01

    The first representatives of the binuclear lanthanide 3,5-dinitrobenzoate-acetylacetonate complexes, namely isostructural compounds [Ln(dnbz)(acac)2(H2O)(EtOH)]2 (Ln = Eu (1), Gd (2), Tb (3), Dy (4), Ho (5), Er (6), Tm (7), and Yb (8); dnbz - 3,5-dinitrobenzoate anion; acac - acetylacetonate (pentane-2,4-dionate) anion) were prepared and characterized. The SMM behavior of the Yb compound 8 was shown to be surprisingly less sensitive to the composition of the Yb3+ coordination environment in comparison with that of the Dy derivative. For Yb compound 8, the anisotropy barrier is Δeff/kB = 26 K under the dc field of 2000 Oe. This value is the highest one currently known for binuclear Yb complexes.

  19. Reaction kinetics of H{sub 2}, O{sub 2}, and H{sub 2}O with rare earths (Y, La, Ce, Pr, Nd, Gd, Tb, Dy, and Er) at 298 K

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Enomoto, M.; Ohata, Y. [Course of Applied Science, Graduate School of Engineering, Tokai University, 4-1-1 Kita-Kaname, Hiratsuka, Kanagawa 259-1292 (Japan); Uchida, H., E-mail: huchida@keyaki.cc.u-tokai.ac.jp [Course of Applied Science, Graduate School of Engineering, Tokai University, 4-1-1 Kita-Kaname, Hiratsuka, Kanagawa 259-1292 (Japan)

    2013-12-15

    Highlights: ► H{sub 2} molecules react with a clean surface of each RE sample at the highest reactivity even at 298 K. ► The H{sub 2} reactivity becomes reduced by the formation of dihydrides of each RE sample. ► The RE with a clean surface adsorb O{sub 2} more than one monolayer of O{sub 2} even at 298 K. ► The quantitative reactivity of the H atoms dissociated from H{sub 2}O was calculated. -- Abstract: High reactivity of rare earths (RE) with H{sub 2}, O{sub 2} and H{sub 2}O is well known even at room temperature. The formation of stable surface oxides/hydroxides on the surface is the one of serious problems in the production and use of materials containing RE. We have investigated the quantitative reactivities of H{sub 2}, O{sub 2}, and H{sub 2}O with the surface of Y, La, Ce, Pr, Nd, Gd, Tb, Dy, and Er under ultra high vacuum condition. The H{sub 2}, O{sub 2} and H{sub 2}O gases exhibited the highest reactivity on the clean surface of the RE at 298 K. This means that all gas molecules impinging the surface dissociate and chemisorbed. The O atoms dissociated from O{sub 2} adsorb to for oxides layers of the metals. The H atoms dissociated from H{sub 2} diffuse into the metals to form hydrides which were found to decrease the H{sub 2} reactivity. The H atoms dissociated form H{sub 2}O diffuse into the metals or form hydroxides of the metals. With increasing coverage of each gas molecules, the reactivity of each gas was decreased by several orders of magnitude.

  20. On 165Ho level scheme

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Ardisson, Claire; Ardisson, Gerard.

    1976-01-01

    A 165 Ho level scheme was constructed which led to the interpretation of sixty γ rays belonging to the decay of 165 Dy. A new 702.9keV level was identified to be the 5/2 - member of the 1/2 ) 7541{ Nilsson orbit. )] [fr

  1. Relativistic model-potential oscillator strengths and transition probabilities for 4fsup(n)6s-4fsup(n)6p transitions in Eu(II), Tb(II), and Ho(II) in J1j coupling

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Migdalek, J.

    1984-01-01

    The lowest 4fsup(n)6s-4fsup(n)6p transitions are studied for the Eu(II) (n=7), Tb(II) (n=9), and Ho(II) (n=11) spectra, where the J 1 J coupling is an acceptable approximation. The relativistic radial integrals, required to evaluate the oscillator strengths and transition probabilities, are calculated with the model-potential method, which includes also core-polarization effects. The similarities observed in oscillator strengths for transitions with given ΔJ but different J values are discussed and explained. The computed oscillator strengths are compared with those obtained with the Coulomb approximation and it is found that the latter are only 11-12% lower. The core polarization influence on oscillator strengths is also investigated and the 19-21% decrease in oscillator strengths due to this effect is predicted. This result may, however, be overestimated because of some deficiencies in our procedure. (author)

  2. Spin reorientation in (R[sub 1-x]R'[sub x])[sub 2]Co[sub 14]B (R=Y and Gd, R'=Tb, Dy and Ho). [YTbCoB; YDyCoB; YHoCoB; GdTbCoB; GdDyCoB; GdHoCoB

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Myojin, T. (Takamatsu National Coll. of Technology, Takamatsu (Japan)); Ohno, T. (Faculty of Engineering, Tokushima Univ. (Japan)); Tsujimura, A. (Faculty of Engineering, Tokushima Bunri Univ., Kagawa Shido (Japan)); Hihara, T. (Faculty of Integrated Arts and Sciences, Hiroshima Univ. (Japan))

    1994-02-01

    In order to investigate spin reorientation mechanism microscopically, the constituent dependences of the spin reorientation temperature T[sub SR] have been determined in (R[sub 1-x]R'[sub x])[sub 2]Co[sub 14]B by magnetization and [sup 59]Co NMR measurements. The spin arrangement phase diagrams are prorosed and the results are discussed with the crystalline electric field effect and Co-R exchange interaction. (orig.)

  3. Development of separation process of Dy, Y, Tm and Yb from heavier rare earth residue by solvent impregnated resin

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Shibata, J.; Matsumoto, S.

    1998-01-01

    Full text: Heavier rare earth which is contained in a small amount in ores such as bastnesite and monazite has been accumulated as heavier rare earth residue without doing separation and purification due to lack of suitable methods. The heavier rare earth residue includes seven rare earth elements such as Tb, Dy, Ho, Y, Er, Tm and Yb. Separation and recovery process of Dy, Y, Tm and Yb from leached solution of the heavier rare earth residue was investigated by using a column method with a solvent impregnated resin. The solvent impregnated resin was prepared by impregnation of organophosphorous extractant whose trade name is PC-88A into a macro porous resin, Amberlite XAD-7. It was almost impossible to separate them in simple adsorption and elution steps. However, we attained to individually separate Dy, Y, Tm and Yb from the leached solution first by changing eluent concentration gradually from pH 2 to 2mol/ l HCl in the elution step, and secondly by using a development column and changing eluent concentration in the elution step. The separation process flow was proposed for heavier rare earth residue by using the solvent impregnated resin method

  4. Carbonato-bridged Ni(II)2Ln(III)2 (Ln(III) = Gd(III), Tb(III), Dy(III)) complexes generated by atmospheric CO2 fixation and their single-molecule-magnet behavior: [(μ4-CO3)2{Ni(II)(3-MeOsaltn)(MeOH or H2O)Ln(III)(NO3)}2]·solvent [3-MeOsaltn = N,N'-bis(3-methoxy-2-oxybenzylidene)-1,3-propanediaminato].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sakamoto, Soichiro; Fujinami, Takeshi; Nishi, Koshiro; Matsumoto, Naohide; Mochida, Naotaka; Ishida, Takayuki; Sunatsuki, Yukinari; Re, Nazzareno

    2013-06-17

    Atmospheric CO2 fixation of [Ni(II)(3-MeOsaltn)(H2O)2]·2.5H2O [3-MeOsaltn = N,N'-bis(3-methoxy-2-oxybenzylidene)-1,3-propanediaminato], Ln(III)(NO3)3·6H2O, and triethylamine occurred in methanol/acetone, giving a first series of carbonato-bridged Ni(II)2Ln(III)2 complexes [(μ4-CO3)2{Ni(II)(3-MeOsaltn)(MeOH)Ln(III)(NO3)}2] (1Gd, 1Tb, and 1Dy). When the reaction was carried out in acetonitrile/water, it gave a second series of complexes [(μ4-CO3)2{Ni(II)(3-MeOsaltn)(H2O)Ln(III)(NO3)}2]·2CH3CN·2H2O (2Gd, 2Tb, and 2Dy). For both series, each Ni(II)2Ln(III)2 structure can be described as two di-μ-phenoxo-bridged Ni(II)Ln(III) binuclear units bridged by two carbonato CO3(2-) units to form a carbonato-bridged (μ4-CO3)2{Ni(II)2Ln(III)2} structure. The high-spin Ni(II) ion has octahedral coordination geometry, and the Ln(III) ion is coordinated by O9 donor atoms from Ni(II)(3-MeOsaltn), bidentate NO3(-), and one and two oxygen atoms of two CO3(2-) ions. The NO3(-) ion for the first series roughly lie on Ln-O(methoxy) bonds and are tilted toward the outside, while for the second series, the two oxygen atoms roughly lie on one of the Ln-O(phenoxy) bonds due to the intramolecular hydrogen bond. The temperature-dependent magnetic susceptibilities indicated a ferromagnetic interaction between the Ni(II) and Ln(III) ions (Ln(III) = Gd(III), Tb(III), Dy(III)) for all of the complexes, with a distinctly different magnetic behavior between the two series in the lowest-temperature region due to the Ln(III)-Ln(III) magnetic interaction and/or different magnetic anisotropies of the Tb(III) or Dy(III) ion. Alternating-current susceptibility measurements under the 0 and 1000 Oe direct-current (dc) bias fields showed no magnetic relaxation for the Ni(II)2Gd(III)2 complexes but exhibited an out-of-phase signal for Ni(II)2Tb(III)2 and Ni(II)2Dy(III)2, indicative of slow relaxation of magnetization. The energy barriers, Δ/kB, for the spin flipping were estimated from the Arrhenius

  5. TB Terms

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... sputum can also be used to do a culture. TB blood test – a test that uses a blood sample to find out if you are infected with TB bacteria. The test measures the response to TB proteins when they are mixed with a small amount of blood. Examples of these TB blood tests include QuantiFERON ® -TB ...

  6. Double symmetry breaking in TmFe{sub 4}Ge{sub 2} compared to RFe{sub 4}Ge{sub 2} (R=Y, Lu, Er, Ho, Dy) magnetic behaviour

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Schobinger-Papamantellos, P., E-mail: Schobinger@mat.ethz.ch [Laboratory of Crystallography, ETH-Zürich, 8093 Zürich (Switzerland); Buschow, K.H.J. [Van der Waals-Zeeman Institute, University of Amsterdam, NL-1018 XE (Netherlands); Rodríguez-Carvajal, J. [Institut Laue-Langevin, 156X, 38042 Grenoble Cédex (France)

    2014-04-15

    TmFe4Ge{sub 2} undergoes a double magneto-elastic first order transition at T{sub N},T{sub c} where the high temperature (HT) tetragonal phase disproportionate into two distinct orthorhombic low temperature (LT) phases with commensurate and incommensurate magnetic wave vectors respectively: P4{sub 2}/mnm(HT)T{sub N},T{sub c}→Cmmmq{sub 1}=(0,1/2 ,0)+Pnnm(q{sub 2}=(0,q{sub y},0),q{sub y}≈2/11(LT) Neutron diffraction shows the relative portions of the LT Cmmm and Pnnm competing phases change linearly with T. The amount of the majority HT phase Pnnm (54% at 30 K) decreases linearly to 30% down to 10 K in favour of the Cmmm phase that dominates the range 26–1.5 K. The Tm moments point along the c-axis in both phases while the Fe moments have canted arrangements. The μ{sub Tm}=3.54(3) μ{sub B}/atom at 1.5 K is strongly reduced below the Tm{sup 3+} free ion value g{sub J}J=7 μ{sub B} for the q{sub 1} phase. The q{sub 2} phase corresponds to a 3D canted sinusoidal arrangement. The results are summarised on a phase diagram and compared to the findings in RFe{sub 4}Ge{sub 2} (R=Y, Lu, Er, Ho, Dy) that are reviewed. The multitude of transition paths occurring in those systems arise from the competing magnetoelastic mechanisms involving the R-crystal field anisotropy, the exchange interactions R–R, R–Fe, Fe–Fe of the two sublattices and their coupling to the lattice strain. The geometrical frustration emerging from the compact tetrahedral Fe arrangement with antiferromagnetic interactions leads to 2D and 3D canted, incommensurate and non-magnetic states. The Cmmm transition is triggered by dominating R–R and R–Fe interactions becoming stronger at LT while the Pnnm phase is promoted by Fe–Fe and R–Fe interactions that prevail at HT. Included is also the magnetic structure of the ferromagnetic impurity phase Fe{sub 3}Ge. - Highlights: • Magnetic phase diagram of tetragonal TmFe{sub 4}Ge{sub 2} compound studied by neutron diffraction. • Unusual first

  7. Simulation of the magnetocaloric effect in Tb nanofilms

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Anselmo, Dory Hélio A. L., E-mail: doryh@dfte.ufrn.br [Departamento de Física Teórica e Experimental (DFTE), Universidade Federal do Rio Grande do Norte (UFRN), Natal-RN (Brazil); Mello, Vamberto D. [Departamento de Física,Universidade do Estado do Rio Grande do Norte (UERN), Mossoró-RN (Brazil); Vasconcelos, Manoel S. [Escola de Ciência e Tecnologia (ECT), Universidade Federal do Rio Grande do Norte (UFRN), Natal-RN (Brazil)

    2014-03-31

    Rare-earth (RE) metals have different magnetic structures resulting from the competition between the crystal-field and exchange interactions. When a magnetic field is applied it creates a third interaction and the magnetic structures are more complicated. In thin films, it is expected that even the magnetic arrangement itself can be strongly modified. Rare-earth helimagnets such as Terbium (Tb), Holmium (Ho) and Dysprosium (Dy) represent the best candidates to evidence such finite-size effects. This finite-size effect is caused by the reduced number of atoms in the direction perpendicular to the film plane that leads to a decrease of the total magnetic exchange energy. We report this contribution to the investigation of magnetocaloric effect (MCE) of thin Terbium films in the helimagnetic temperature range, from T{sub C} = 219 K to T{sub N} = 231 K, for external fields of the order of 1 kOe. We find that for strong fields, H = 50 kOe, the adiabatic temperature change ΔT near the Néel temperature is around 15 K for any thickness of Tb films. However large thickness effects are found for small values of the magnetic field. For field strength of the order of a few kOe, the thermocaloric efficiency increases significantly for ultrathin (nanomagnetic) films.

  8. Výchova ke zdraví v učebnicích 1. stupně ZŠ: výsledky analýzy didaktického aparátu učebnic prvouky/přírodovědy/Health education in primary school textbooks – results of a content analysis

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Markéta Hrozová

    2015-02-01

    Full Text Available Cílem empirické studie je prezentace výsledků obsahové analýzy didaktického aparátu učebnic a cvičebnic školního vzdělávacího předmětu prvouka/přírodověda určených pro žáky 1. stupně základních škol z hlediska jejich zaměření na výchovu ke zdraví. V první části studie prezentujeme teoretický základ našeho výzkumu, který spočíval ve vymezení analytických kategorií vyplývajících z holistického pojetí zdraví. V druhé části představujeme cíle a metody výzkumu, výzkumný vzorek sestávající z pěti současných ucelených učebnicových řad učebnic prvouky/ přírodovědy (38 učebnic/cvičebnic; 3136 zkoumaných jednotek, tedy otázek, námětů a úkolů zařazených do učebnic platných pro 1. stupeň základního vzdělávání. Třetí část je věnována výsledkům analýzy, která poukázala na významné rozdíly v prezentaci učiva v oblasti výchova ke zdraví. Z výsledků vyplývá nereflektování holistického pojetí zdraví v jeho plném rozsahu, majoritní zastoupení biologického kontextu zdraví ve zkoumaných učebnicích. Holistické pojetí zdraví nejvíce reflektují učebnice druhých ročníků. Dále poukazujeme na významné rozdíly ve strukturaci učiva v rámci jednotlivých učebnicových řad (absence tematiky zdraví ve většině zkoumaných učebnic 4. ročníků a nestabilitu v distribuci tematických celků zkoumaného vzorku učebnic. V závěru studie (čtvrtá a pátá část jsou diskutovány výsledky, možnosti a limity studie a představujeme eventuality navazujícího výzkumného šetření.

  9. Search for excited superdeformed bands in {sup 151}Dy

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Nisius, D.; Janssens, R.V.F.; Crowell, B. [and others

    1995-08-01

    Following the first report of superdeformed (SD) bands with identical transition energies in the pairs ({sup 151}Tb*,{sup 152}Dy), ({sup 150}Gd*, {sup 151}Tb) and ({sup 153}Dy*, {sup 152}Dy) (where * denotes an excited SD band), it was proposed by Nazarewicz et al. that the observations could be understood in a strong-coupling approach if pseudo SU(3) symmetry were invoked. In this model there are three limiting values of the decoupling parameter; i.e. a = 0, {plus_minus}1. In the first two cases mentioned above the pairs of bands have nearly identical transition energies and are interpreted as proton excitations involving the [200]1/2 pseudospin orbital coupled to the {sup 152}Dy core, for which the value of the decoupling parameter is calculated to be a =+1.

  10. Synthesis, structure, luminescent, and magnetic properties of carbonato-bridged Zn(II)2Ln(III)2 complexes [(μ4-CO3)2{Zn(II)L(n)Ln(III)(NO3)}2] (Ln(III) = Gd(III), Tb(III), Dy(III); L(1) = N,N'-bis(3-methoxy-2-oxybenzylidene)-1,3-propanediaminato, L(2) = N,N'-bis(3-ethoxy-2-oxybenzylidene)-1,3-propanediaminato).

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ehama, Kiyomi; Ohmichi, Yusuke; Sakamoto, Soichiro; Fujinami, Takeshi; Matsumoto, Naohide; Mochida, Naotaka; Ishida, Takayuki; Sunatsuki, Yukinari; Tsuchimoto, Masanobu; Re, Nazzareno

    2013-11-04

    Carbonato-bridged Zn(II)2Ln(III)2 complexes [(μ4-CO3)2{Zn(II)L(n)Ln(III)(NO3)}2]·solvent were synthesized through atmospheric CO2 fixation reaction of [Zn(II)L(n)(H2O)2]·xH2O, Ln(III)(NO3)3·6H2O, and triethylamine, where Ln(III) = Gd(III), Tb(III), Dy(III); L(1) = N,N'-bis(3-methoxy-2-oxybenzylidene)-1,3-propanediaminato, L(2) = N,N'-bis(3-ethoxy-2-oxybenzylidene)-1,3-propanediaminato. Each Zn(II)2Ln(III)2 structure possessing an inversion center can be described as two di-μ-phenoxo-bridged {Zn(II)L(n)Ln(III)(NO3)} binuclear units bridged by two carbonato CO3(2-) ions. The Zn(II) ion has square pyramidal coordination geometry with N2O2 donor atoms of L(n) and one oxygen atom of a bridging carbonato ion at the axial site. Ln(III) ion is coordinated by nine oxygen atoms consisting of four from the deprotonated Schiff-base L(n), two from a chelating nitrate, and three from two carbonate groups. The temperature-dependent magnetic susceptibilities in the range 1.9-300 K, field-dependent magnetization from 0 to 5 T at 1.9 K, and alternating current magnetic susceptibilities under the direct current bias fields of 0 and 1000 Oe were measured. The magnetic properties of the Zn(II)2Ln(III)2 complexes are analyzed on the basis of the dicarbonato-bridged binuclear Ln(III)-Ln(III) structure, as the Zn(II) ion with d(10) electronic configuration is diamagnetic. ZnGd1 (L(1)) and ZnGd2 (L(2)) show a ferromagnetic Gd(III)-Gd(III) interaction with J(Gd-Gd) = +0.042 and +0.028 cm(-1), respectively, on the basis of the Hamiltonian H = -2J(Gd-Gd)ŜGd1·ŜGd2. The magnetic data of the Zn(II)2Ln(III)2 complexes (Ln(III) = Tb(III), Dy(III)) were analyzed by a spin Hamiltonian including the crystal field effect on the Ln(III) ions and the Ln(III)-Ln(III) magnetic interaction. The Stark splitting of the ground state was so evaluated, and the energy pattern indicates a strong easy axis (Ising type) anisotropy. Luminescence spectra of Zn(II)2Tb(III)2 complexes were observed, while those

  11. Luminescence and magnetic properties of novel nanoparticle-sheathed 3D Micro-Architectures of Fe0.5R0.5(MoO4)1.5:Ln3+ (R = Gd3+, La3+), (Ln = Eu, Tb, Dy) for bifunctional application

    Science.gov (United States)

    Krishnan, Rajagopalan; Thirumalai, Jagannathan; Kathiravan, Arunkumar

    2015-01-01

    For the first time, we report the successful synthesis of novel nanoparticle-sheathed bipyramid-like and almond-like Fe0.5R0.5(MoO4)1.5:Ln3+ (R = Gd3+, La3+), (Ln = Eu, Tb, Dy) 3D hierarchical microstructures through a simple disodium ethylenediaminetetraacetic acid (Na2EDTA) facilitated hydrothermal method. Interestingly, time-dependent experiments confirm that the assembly-disassembly process is responsible for the formation of self-aggregated 3D architectures via Ostwald ripening phenomena. The resultant products are characterized by x-ray diffraction (XRD), field emission scanning electron microscopy (FESEM), high resolution transmission electron microscopy (HRTEM), photoluminescence (PL), and magnetic measurements. The growth and formation mechanisms of the self-assembled 3D micro structures are discussed in detail. To confirm the presence of all the elements in the microstructure, the energy loss induced by the K, L shell electron ionization is observed in order to map the Fe, Gd, Mo, O, and Eu components. The photo luminescence properties of Fe0.5R0.5(MoO4)1.5 doped with Eu3+, Tb3+, Dy3+ are investigated. The room temperature and low temperature magnetic properties suggest that the interaction between the local-fields introduced by the magnetic Fe3+ ions and the R3+ (La, Gd) ions in the dodecahedral sites determine the magnetism in Fe0.5R0.5(MoO4)1.5:Eu3+. This work provides a new approach to synthesizing the novel Fe0.5R0.5(MoO4)1.5:Ln3+ for bi-functional magnetic and luminescence applications.

  12. Isolation of {sup 163}Ho from dysprosium target material by HPLC for neutrino mass measurements

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Mocko, Veronika; Taylor, Wayne A.; Nortier, Francois M.; Engle, Jonathan W.; Pollington, Anthony D.; Kunde, Gerd J.; Rabin, Michael W.; Birnbaum, Eva R. [Los Alamos National Laboratory, Los Alamos, NM (United States). Chemistry Div.; Barnhart, Todd E.; Nickles, Robert J. [Univ. Wisconsinn, Madison, WI (United States). Dept. of Medical Physics

    2015-07-01

    The rare earth isotope {sup 163}Ho is of interest for neutrino mass measurements. This report describes the isolation of {sup 163}Ho from a proton-irradiated dysprosium target and its purification. A Dy metal target was irradiated with 16 MeV protons for 10 h. After target dissolution, {sup 163}Ho was separated from the bulk Dy via cation-exchange high performance liquid chromatography using 70 mmol dm{sup -3} α-hydroxyisobutyric acid as the mobile phase. Subsequent purification of the collected Ho fraction was performed to remove the α-hydroxyisobutyrate chelating agent and to concentrate the Ho in a low ionic strength aqueous matrix. The final solution was characterized by MC-ICP-MS to determine the {sup 163}Ho/{sup 165}Ho ratio, {sup 163}Ho and the residual Dy content. The HPLC purification process resulted in a decontamination factor 1.4 x 10{sup 5} for Dy. The isolated Ho fraction contained 24.8 ± 1.3 ng of {sup 163}Ho corresponding to holmium recovery of 72 ± 3%.

  13. 94 β-Decay Half-Lives of Neutron-Rich _{55}Cs to _{67}Ho: Experimental Feedback and Evaluation of the r-Process Rare-Earth Peak Formation.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wu, J; Nishimura, S; Lorusso, G; Möller, P; Ideguchi, E; Regan, P-H; Simpson, G S; Söderström, P-A; Walker, P M; Watanabe, H; Xu, Z Y; Baba, H; Browne, F; Daido, R; Doornenbal, P; Fang, Y F; Gey, G; Isobe, T; Lee, P S; Liu, J J; Li, Z; Korkulu, Z; Patel, Z; Phong, V; Rice, S; Sakurai, H; Sinclair, L; Sumikama, T; Tanaka, M; Yagi, A; Ye, Y L; Yokoyama, R; Zhang, G X; Alharbi, T; Aoi, N; Bello Garrote, F L; Benzoni, G; Bruce, A M; Carroll, R J; Chae, K Y; Dombradi, Z; Estrade, A; Gottardo, A; Griffin, C J; Kanaoka, H; Kojouharov, I; Kondev, F G; Kubono, S; Kurz, N; Kuti, I; Lalkovski, S; Lane, G J; Lee, E J; Lokotko, T; Lotay, G; Moon, C-B; Nishibata, H; Nishizuka, I; Nita, C R; Odahara, A; Podolyák, Zs; Roberts, O J; Schaffner, H; Shand, C; Taprogge, J; Terashima, S; Vajta, Z; Yoshida, S

    2017-02-17

    The β-decay half-lives of 94 neutron-rich nuclei ^{144-151}Cs, ^{146-154}Ba, ^{148-156}La, ^{150-158}Ce, ^{153-160}Pr, ^{156-162}Nd, ^{159-163}Pm, ^{160-166}Sm, ^{161-168}Eu, ^{165-170}Gd, ^{166-172}Tb, ^{169-173}Dy, ^{172-175}Ho, and two isomeric states ^{174m}Er, ^{172m}Dy were measured at the Radioactive Isotope Beam Factory, providing a new experimental basis to test theoretical models. Strikingly large drops of β-decay half-lives are observed at neutron-number N=97 for _{58}Ce, _{59}Pr, _{60}Nd, and _{62}Sm, and N=105 for _{63}Eu, _{64}Gd, _{65}Tb, and _{66}Dy. Features in the data mirror the interplay between pairing effects and microscopic structure. r-process network calculations performed for a range of mass models and astrophysical conditions show that the 57 half-lives measured for the first time play an important role in shaping the abundance pattern of rare-earth elements in the solar system.

  14. The quantitative analysis of 163Ho source by PIXE

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Sera, K.; Ishii, K.; Fujioka, M.; Izawa, G.; Omori, T.

    1984-01-01

    We have been studying the electron-capture in 163 Ho as a method for determining the mass of electron neutrino. The 163 Ho sources were produced with the 164 Dy(p,2n) reaction by means of a method of internal irradiation 2 ). We applied the PIXE method to determine the total number of 163 Ho atoms in the source. Proton beams of 3 MeV and a method of ''external standard'' were employed for nondestructive analysis of the 163 Ho source as well as an additional method of ''internal standard''. (author)

  15. Testing for TB Infection

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... Adverse Events TB Treatment of Persons Living with HIV TB Treatment and Pregnancy TB Treatment for Children Drug-Resistant TB Research TB Epidemiologic Studies Consortium Research Projects Publications TB Trials Consortium Study ...

  16. Transition rates in {sup 161}Dy

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Berg, V; Malmskog, S G

    1969-06-15

    The decay of {sup 161}Tb has been studied using a high resolution Ge(Li)-detector. Five new transitions were observed and fitted into the earlier proposed decay scheme. The half-life of the 131.8 keV level in {sup 161}Dy was determined in a delayed coincidence measurement to be 145 {+-} 15 psec. The low level scheme in {sup 161}Dy is discussed within a quasi-particle model allowing for Coriolis mixing. Special attention is given to the strongly retarded, K-allowed 131.8 keV E1 transition with a retardation factor F{sub W} > 1.5 x 10{sup 8}.

  17. Magnetic field-induced elastic bending in bilayers of Tb{sub 1−x}Dy{sub x}Fe{sub 2−y} and Pb(Zr{sub 1−z}Ti{sub z})O{sub 3}

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Jin, Tao; Qichao, Wu; Ning, Zhang, E-mail: zhangning@njnu.edu.cn

    2014-09-01

    Magnetic field-induced strain in the magnetoelectric bilayers of Tb{sub 1−x}Dy{sub x}Fe{sub 2−y} and Pb(Zr{sub 1−z}Ti{sub z})O{sub 3} was studied. A butterfly shaped strain curve was observed on the surface of Pb(Zr{sub 1−z}Ti{sub z})O{sub 3}. The shape of the strain curve was found to be related to the sample thickness and the volume fraction occupied by the ferroelectrics in the bilayer. Theoretical analysis and experimental results showed that magnetoelastic bending in the bilayer composites was largely responsible for the butterfly strain curve. - Highlights: • Butterfly strain curves were observed on the PZT surface for bilayers of TDF and PZT. • The strain curve is related to the sample thickness and the volume fraction of the PZT. • A physics model depicting the field-controlled bending of the bilayers was developed. • The magnetoelastic bending was found to account for the butterfly strain curve.

  18. Structure determination of KScS.sub.2./sub., RbScS.sub.2./sub. and KLnS.sub.2./sub. (Ln = Nd, Sm, Tb, Dy, Ho, Er, Tm and Yb) and crystal-chemical discussion

    Czech Academy of Sciences Publication Activity Database

    Havlák, Lubomír; Fábry, Jan; Henriques, Margarida Isabel Sousa; Dušek, Michal

    2015-01-01

    Roč. 71, Jul (2015), 623-630 ISSN 2053-2296 R&D Projects: GA ČR(CZ) GAP204/11/0809; GA TA ČR TA04010135 Institutional support: RVO:68378271 Keywords : alkali rare earth sulfides * X-ray single-crystal structure determination * crystal chemistry Subject RIV: BM - Solid Matter Physics ; Magnetism Impact factor: 0.479, year: 2015

  19. Study of quantitative analysis of rare earth elements (Sc, Y, La, Ce, Pr, Nd, Sm, Eu, Gd, Tb, Dy, Ho, Er, Tm, Yb, Lu) in soil samples by inductively couple plasma mass spectrometry

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Truong Duc Toan; Nguyen Giang; Vo Tran Quang Thai; Do Tam Nhan; Nguyen Le Anh; Nguyen Viet Duc; Luong Thi Tham; Truong Thi Phuong Mai

    2015-01-01

    Method for the determination of 16 rare earth elements (REEs) in soil samples without separating by inductively coupled plasma mass spectrometry (ICP-MS) has been studied at Dalat Nuclear Research Institute. The optimal conditions for ICP-MS NexION 300X with three modes: Standard, Collision (KED), and Reaction (DRC) have been studied on the Montana II soil reference material. The result analysis shows that: DRC mode only gives good analysis result for Sc, Y, La, Ce, Pr, Nd, Tm, Yb, and Lu; Standard mode exhibits good analysis results for all elements with error from 1.2 - 29.0% and KED mode is the best one with error less than 15%. The concentrations of elements in the soil samples of Cau Dat, Bao Loc, and Da Lat were determined, which concentrations of REEs in soil samples of Cau Dat are higher than that of the other areas in Lam Dong Province. (author)

  20. Effect of Tb and Al substitution within the rare earth and cobalt sublattices on magnetothermal properties of Dy.sub.0.5./sub.Ho.sub.0.5./sub.Co.sub.2./sub.

    Czech Academy of Sciences Publication Activity Database

    Chzhan, V.B.; Tereshina, Evgeniya; Mikhailova, A.B.; Politova, G.A.; Tereshina, I. S.; Kozlov, V.I.; Ćwik, J.; Nenkov, K.; Alekseeva, O.A.; Filimonov, A.V.

    2017-01-01

    Roč. 432, June (2017), s. 461-465 ISSN 0304-8853 R&D Projects: GA ČR GA16-03593S Institutional support: RVO:68378271 Keywords : rare- earth intermetallics * laves phase * heat capacity * magnetocaloric effect Subject RIV: BM - Solid Matter Physics ; Magnetism OBOR OECD: Condensed matter physics (including formerly solid state physics, supercond.) Impact factor: 2.630, year: 2016

  1. Structural trends in a series of isostructural lanthanide-copper metallacrown sulfates (Ln(III) = Pr, Nd, Sm, Eu, Gd, Dy and Ho): hexaaquapentakis[μ3-glycinehydroxamato(2-)]sulfatopentacopper(II)lanthanide(III) heptaaquapentakis[μ3-glycinehydroxamato(2-)]sulfatopentacopper(II)lanthanide(III) sulfate hexahydrate.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Pavlishchuk, Anna V; Kolotilov, Sergey V; Fritsky, Igor O; Zeller, Matthias; Addison, Anthony W; Hunter, Allen D

    2011-07-01

    The seven isostructural complexes, [Cu(5)Ln(C(2)H(4)N(2)O(2))(5)(SO(4))(H(2)O)(6.5)](2)(SO(4))·6H(2)O, where Ln(III) = Pr, Nd, Sm, Eu, Gd, Dy and Ho, are representatives of the 15-metallacrown-5 family. Each dianion of glycinehydroxamic acid (GlyHA) links two Cu(II) cations forming a cyclic [CuGlyHA](5) frame. The Ln(III) cations are located at the centre of the [CuGlyHA](5) rings and are bound by the five hydroxamate O atoms in the equatorial plane. Five water molecules are coordinated to Cu(II) cations, and one further water molecule, located close to an inversion centre between two adjacent [Cu(5)Ln(GlyHA)(5)](2+) cations, is disordered around this inversion centre and coordinated to a Cu(II) cation of either the first or second metallacrown ether. Another water molecule and one of the two crystallographically independent sulfate anions are coordinated, the latter in a bidentate fashion, to the Ln(III) cation in the axial positions. The second sulfate anion is not coordinated to the cation, but is located in an interstitial position on a crystallographic inversion centre, thus leading to disorder of the O atoms around the centre of inversion. The Ln-O bond distances follow the trend of the lanthanide contraction. The apical Ln-O bond distances are very close to the sums of the ionic radii. However, the Ln-O distances within the metallacrown units are slightly compressed and the Ln(III) cations protrude significantly from the plane of the otherwise flat metallacrown ligand, thus indicating that the cavity is somewhat too small to accommodate the Ln(III) ions comfortably. This effect decreases with the size of the lanthanide cation from complex (I) (Ln(III) = Pr; 0.459) to complex (VII) (Ln(III) = Ho; 0.422), which indicates that the smaller lanthanide cations fit the cavity of the pentacopper metallacrown ring better than the larger ones. The diminished contraction of Ln-O distances within the metallacrown planes leads to an aniostropic contraction of the unit

  2. Studies of the energy transfer processes from Er3+ and Ho3+ to Nd3+, Tb3+ or Eu3+ in LiYF4 crystal and ZBLAN glass for the laser media optimization operating near 3μm region

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Jagosich, Fabio Henrique

    2006-01-01

    The energy transfer processes (ET) from the 4 I 13/2 ; 4 I 11/2 levels of Er 3+ and 5 I 6 levels of Ho 3+ ions in LiYF 4 (YLF) crystal and ZBLAN glass to Nd 3+ , Tb 3+ or Eu 3+ deactivators ions were studied. The micro parameters of these energy transfer processes were determined using the overlap integral method, and showed that Eu 3+ ion is the best deactivator of the first excited state of the Ho 3+ in YLF, and Nd 3+ is the best deactivator of the Er 3+ in YLF and ZBLAN materials. The 1.5 and 2.7μm emissions of Er 3+ and 2.1 and 2.9μm fluorescence of Ho 3+ were measured using short laser pulses excitations from a tunable OPO pumped 2w-Nd:YAG laser system. We proposed a criterion for discriminating the energy transfer processes assisted by excitation migration (diffusion or hopping) among donors. It was observed that diffusion model describes the ET process from the second excited state of the donor (Er 3+ or Ho 3+ ) independently of the C D-D /C D-A ratio, while the hopping model can describe the ET process involving the first excited state of donor. We proposed a modification of the hopping model in order to describe the experimental results for systems having C D-D /C D-A ≥ 10. Using the ET parameters, we determined that the best systems for laser action at 3μm are the Ho:Eu:YLF, Ho:Nd:YLF and Er:Nd:YLF systems. On the other hand, we found that Er 3+ doped (1.5 mol%) ZBLAN glasses, single and co-doped with Nd 3+ , Tb 3+ or Eu 3+ , do not show potential for laser action at 2.8μm. The up-conversion processes were studied in Er:YLF systems as a function of the Er 3+ concentration, and the excited state absorption (ESA) and up conversion by energy transfer (ETU) processes were discriminated using a time resolved fluorescence decays. It was observed that 980 nm is the most convenient wavelength for pumping the Er:YLF system for quasi cw laser operation at 2.8μm. The pump-probe technique was used to investigate the lifetime effects in Er:YLF system showing

  3. Ternary germanides RERhGe{sub 2} (RE = Y, Gd-Ho) – New representatives of the YIrGe{sub 2} type

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Voßwinkel, Daniel; Heletta, Lukas; Hoffmann, Rolf-Dieter; Pöttgen, Rainer, E-mail: pottgen@uni-muenster.de

    2016-11-15

    The YIrGe{sub 2} type ternary germanides RERhGe{sub 2} (RE = Y, Gd-Ho) were synthesized from the elements by arc-melting and characterized by powder X-ray diffraction. The structure of DyRhGe{sub 2} was refined from single crystal X-ray diffractometer data: Immm, a = 426.49(9), b = 885.0(2), c = 1577.4(3) pm, wR2 = 0.0533, 637 F{sup 2} values, 30 variables (300 K data). The structure contains two crystallographically independent dysprosium atoms in pentagonal prismatic and hexagonal prismatic coordination. The three-dimensional [RhGe{sub 2}] polyanion is stabilized through covalent Rh–Ge (243–261 pm) and Ge–Ge (245–251 pm) bonding. The close structural relationship with the slightly rhodium-poorer germanides RE{sub 5}Rh{sub 4}Ge{sub 10} (≡ RERh{sub 0.8}Ge{sub 2}) is discussed. Temperature-dependent magnetic susceptibility measurements reveal Pauli paramagnetism for YRhGe{sub 2} and Curie-Weiss paramagnetism for RERhGe{sub 2} with RE = Gd, Tb, Dy and Ho. These germanides order antiferromagnetically at T{sub N} = 7.2(5), 10.6(5), 8.1(5), and 6.4(5) K, respectively. - Graphical abstract: The germanides RERhGe{sub 2} (RE = Y, Gd-Ho) are new representatives of the YIrGe{sub 2} type.

  4. Extraordinarily large intrinsic magnetodielectric coupling of the Tb member within the Haldane spin-chain family R2BaNiO5

    Science.gov (United States)

    Upadhyay, Sanjay Kumar; Paulose, P. L.; Sampathkumaran, E. V.

    2017-07-01

    The Haldane spin-chain compound Tb2BaNiO5 has been known to order antiferromagnetically below (TN= )63 K . The present magnetic studies on the polycrystals bring out that there is another magnetic transition at a lower temperature (T2=)25 K with pronounced magnetic-field-induced metamagnetic and metaelectric behaviors. Multiferroic features are found below T2 only and not at TN. The most intriguing observation is that the observed change in dielectric constant (Δɛ') is intrinsic and largest (e.g., ˜18% at 15 K) within this Haldane spin-chain family R2BaNiO5 . Taking into account the fact that this trend (that is, the largest value of Δɛ' for the Tb case within this family) correlates well with a similar trend in TN (with the values of TN being ˜55, 58, 53, and 32 K for Gd, Dy, Ho, and Er cases), we believe that the explanation usually offered for this TN behavior in rare-earth systems is applicable for this Δɛ' behavior as well. That is, single-ion anisotropy following crystal-field splitting is responsible for the extraordinary magnetodielectric effect in this Tb case. This work provides a pathway in the field of multiferroics to promote magnetoelectric coupling.

  5. Muzeum módy - Tokyo 2010

    OpenAIRE

    Kráľová, Zuzana

    2010-01-01

    navrhovaný objekt je múzeum módy pre mesto Tokio. Múzeum sa bude nachádzať na pulzujúcej tepne tokijského módneho diania. Navrhovaná budova presahuje 100m výšky a jej zbierky mapujú vývoj svetovej módy 20.storčia. Taktiež je dejiskom konania živých módnych show a priestorom pre prezentáciu tvorby mladých módnych tvorcov. Samotné artefakty zbierky sú vystavované jednotným systémom - zavesením. visiace figuríny prechádzajú kontinuálne celým výstavným priestorom, návštevníkovi je umožnený pohyb ...

  6. Treatment: Latent TB Infection (LTBI) and TB Disease

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... Adverse Events TB Treatment of Persons Living with HIV TB Treatment and Pregnancy TB Treatment for Children Drug-Resistant TB Research TB Epidemiologic Studies Consortium Research Projects Publications TB Trials Consortium Study ...

  7. The ternary rare earth ruthenium gallides R3Ru4Ga15 (R=Y, Tb-Er) with a new structure type, a further example of a recently recognized large family of structures

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Schlueter, Martin; Jeitschko, Wolfgang

    2003-01-01

    The title compounds were prepared by reaction of the elemental components at high temperature. They crystallize with a new orthorhombic structure type which was determined from single-crystal diffractometer data of Ho 3 Ru 4 Ga 15 : Pnma, a=871.7(1) pm, b=956.4(1) pm, c=1765.9(3) pm, Z=4, R=0.040 for 1039 structure factors and 114 variable parameters. The structure may be viewed as consisting of two kinds of atomic layers, although atomic bonding within and between the layers is comparable strength, as can be judged from the near-neighbor environments, where all of the 15 atomic sites have high coordination numbers. One kind of atomic layers (A) contains all of the holmium and additional gallium atoms in the ratio Ho:Ga=3:5 with a unit mesh content of 2Ho 3 Ga 5 ; these layers are flat. The other layers (B) consist of sheets of corner- and edge-sharing condensed RuGa 6 octahedra, which are extremely compressed resulting in a hexagonal close-packed, puckered net with a Ru:Ga ratio of 2:5 and a unit mesh content of 4Ru 2 Ga 5 . These nets alternate in the sequence ABAB, ABAB, thus yielding the formula 4Ho 3 Ga 5 ·8Ru 2 Ga 5 =4Ho 3 Ru 4 Ga 15 . Similar layers are observed in the structures of Y 2 Co 3 Ga 9 , Gd 3 Ru 4 Al 12 , Er 4 Pt 9 Al 24 , CeOsGa 4 , CaCr 2 Al 10 , and the four stacking variants with the compositions TbRe 2 Al 10 , DyRe 2 Al 10 , YbFe 2 Al 10 , and LuRe 2 Al 10

  8. Synthesis and luminescence properties of BaTiO3:RE (RE = Gd , Dy ...

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    thermoluminescence (TL) properties of BaTiO3 samples doped with Gd3+, Dy3+, Tb3+ and Lu3+ were investigated. ... electron microscope using an accelerating voltage of 20 kV. .... doping of 1% mole Gd3+ ion into the BaTiO3 compound.

  9. Measurement of formation cross sections of short-lived nuclei by 14 MeV neutron. Nd, Sm, Dy, Er, Yb

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Sakane, H.; Yamamoto, H.; Kawade, K. [Nagoya Univ. (Japan). School of Engineering; Iida, T.; Takahashi, A.

    1997-03-01

    Eight neutron activation cross sections producing the nuclei with half-lives between 3 min and 24 min were obtained at the energy range between 13.4 and 14.9 MeV by activation method. The cross sections were {sup 146}Nd(n,p){sup 146}Pr, {sup 154}Sm(n,{alpha}){sup 151}Nd, {sup 162}Dy(n,p){sup 162}Tb, {sup 163}Dy(n,np){sup 162}Tb, {sup 163}Dy(n,p){sup 163}Tb, {sup 164}Dy(n,p){sup 164}Tb, {sup 170}Er(n,{alpha}){sup 167}Dy, {sup 174}Yb(n,p){sup 170}Tm. {sup 163}Dy(n,np){sup 162}Tb (T{sub 1/2}=7.7 min) was obtained for the first time. Present results are compared with previous results and the evaluated data of JENDL-3 and ENDF/B-VI. There are some discrepancies between present results and the JENDL-3 and ENDF/B-VI. (author)

  10. Separation and Recycling for Rare Earth Elements by Homogeneous Liquid-Liquid Extraction (HoLLE Using a pH-Responsive Fluorine-Based Surfactant

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Shotaro Saito

    2015-08-01

    Full Text Available A selective separation and recycling system for metal ions was developed by homogeneous liquid-liquid extraction (HoLLE using a fluorosurfactant. Sixty-two different elemental ions (e.g., Ag, Al, As, Au, B, Ba, Be, Bi, Ca, Cd, Ce, Co, Cr, Cu, Dy, Er, Eu, Fe, Ga, Gd, Ge, Hf, Hg, Ho, In, Ir, La, Lu, Mg, Mn, Mo, Nb, Nd, Ni, Os, P, Pb, Pd, Pr, Pt, Re, Rh, Ru, Sb, Sc, Se, Si, Sm, Sn, Sr, Ta, Tb, Te, Ti, Tl, Tm, V, W, Y, Yb, Zn, and Zr were examined. By changing pH from a neutral or alkaline solution (pH ≥ 6.5 to that of an acidic solution (pH < 4.0, gallium, zirconium, palladium, silver, platinum, and rare earth elements were extracted at >90% efficiency into a sedimented Zonyl FSA® (CF3(CF2n(CH22S(CH22COOH, n = 6–8 liquid phase. Moreover, all rare earth elements were obtained with superior extraction and stripping percentages. In the recycling of rare earth elements, the sedimented phase was maintained using a filter along with a mixed solution of THF and 1 M sodium hydroxide aqueous solution. The Zonyl FSA® was filtrated and the rare earth elements were recovered on the filter as a hydroxide. Furthermore, the filtrated Zonyl FSA was reusable by conditioning the subject pH.

  11. Neutron scattering study on R2PdSi3 (R=Ho,Er,Tm) compounds

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Tang, Fei

    2010-01-01

    Previous studies on the family of inter-metallic rare-earth compounds R 2 PdSi 3 revealed multifaceted magnetic properties, for instance, spin-glass like behavior. Experimental observations include: Signs of a crystallographic superstructure, complicated magnetic structures both in zero field and in applied magnetic fields as well as a generic phase in applied fields for compounds in the series with the heavy rare-earths R=Gd, Tb, Dy, Ho, Er and Tm. This thesis expands the studies on the magnetic properties of R 2 PdSi 3 employing mainly neutron scattering on single crystals with the focus on the compounds with R=Ho, Er and Tm. A detailed analysis of the crystallographic superstructure using modulation wave approach and group theory is presented. The resulting structure implies the existence of two different rare-earth sites with reduced symmetry and an arrangement of the different sites according to sequences as determined by the superstructure. It is shown that the reduced symmetry of the rare-earth sites is explicitly observed in the energy spectra of inelastic neutron scattering. The results on the magnetic structures and excitations are shown and discussed in the framework of the superstructure model. Specifically the generic phase in applied fields is interpreted as a direct consequence of the crystallographic superstructure. It is rather unusual that a crystallographic superstructure is playing such a decisive, and through the field dependence also tunable role in determining the magnetic properties as observed in R 2 PdSi 3 . The mediating interactions between the crystallographic part and the magnetic part of the system are discussed. (orig.)

  12. Series of edge-sharing bi-triangle Ln4 clusters with a μ4-NO3- bridge: syntheses, structures, luminescence, and the SMM behavior of the Dy4 analogue.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zou, Hua-Hong; Wang, Rong; Chen, Zi-Lu; Liu, Dong-Cheng; Liang, Fu-Pei

    2014-02-14

    A series of Ln4 clusters, [Ln4L2(μ3-OH)2(μ4-NO3)(NO3)4(OCH3)(H2O)]·xMeCN·yMeOH (Ln = Gd (1), Tb (2), Dy (3), Ho (4), Er (5), Yb (6), L = 2-{[2-(2-hydroxy-ethoxy)-ethylimino]-methyl}-6-methoxyphenol), have been synthesized by the reaction of Ln(NO)3 and a Schiff-base ligand formed in situ. The six complexes display similar structures, with an overall metal core comprising two edge-sharing triangular Ln3 units linked by a μ4-NO3(-) bridge. The luminescence spectrum of complex 2 shows the characteristic emission of the Tb(III) ions. The magnetic susceptibility studies reveal that the Ln(III) ions are very weakly interacting in all six compounds. Frequency dependence of the ac-susceptibility was found for 3, suggesting a typical single-molecule magnet (SMM) behavior with an anisotropic barrier of 28 K.

  13. β-γ and isomeric decay spectroscopy of 168Dy

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Zhang G.X.

    2018-01-01

    Full Text Available This contribution will report on the experimental work on the level structure of 168Dy. The experimental data have been taken as part of the EURICA decay spectroscopy campaign at RIBF, RIKEN in November 2014. In the experiment, a 238U primary beam is accelerated up to 345 MeV/u with an average intensity of 12 pnA. The nuclei of interest are produced by in-flight fission of 238U impinging on Be target with a thickness of 5 mm. The excited states of 168Dy have been populated through the decay from a newly identified isomeric state and via the β decay from 168Tb. In this contribution, scientific motivations, experimental procedure and some preliminary results for this study are presented.

  14. β-γ and isomeric decay spectroscopy of 168Dy

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zhang, G. X.; Watanabe, H.; Kondev, F. G.; Lane, G. J.; Regan, P. H.; Söderström, P.-A.; Walker, P. M.; Kanaoka, H.; Korkulu, Z.; Lee, P. S.; Liu, J. J.; Nishimura, S.; Wu, J.; Yagi, A.; Ahn, D. S.; Alharbi, T.; Baba, H.; Browne, F.; Bruce, A. M.; Carroll, R. J.; Chae, K. Y.; Dombradi, Zs.; Doornenbal, P.; Estrade, A.; Fukuda, N.; Griffin, C.; Ideguchi, E.; Inabe, N.; Isobe, T.; Kanaya, S.; Kojouharov, I.; Kubo, T.; Kubono, S.; Kurz, N.; Kuti, I.; Lalkovski, S.; Lee, C. S.; Lee, E. J.; Lorusso, G.; Lotay, G.; Moon, C.-B.; Nishizuka, I.; Nita, C. R.; Odahara, A.; Patel, Z.; Phong, V. H.; Podolyák, Zs.; Roberts, O. J.; Sakurai, H.; Schaffner, H.; Shand, C. M.; Shimizu, Y.; Sumikama, T.; Suzuki, H.; Takeda, H.; Terashima, S.; Vajta, Zs.; Valiente-Dóbon, J. J.; Xu, Z. Y.

    2018-05-01

    This contribution will report on the experimental work on the level structure of 168Dy. The experimental data have been taken as part of the EURICA decay spectroscopy campaign at RIBF, RIKEN in November 2014. In the experiment, a 238U primary beam is accelerated up to 345 MeV/u with an average intensity of 12 pnA. The nuclei of interest are produced by in-flight fission of 238U impinging on Be target with a thickness of 5 mm. The excited states of 168Dy have been populated through the decay from a newly identified isomeric state and via the β decay from 168Tb. In this contribution, scientific motivations, experimental procedure and some preliminary results for this study are presented.

  15. Level structure of 154Ho

    Science.gov (United States)

    Moon, Chang-Bum; Komatsubara, Tetsuro; Furuno, Kohei

    2013-10-01

    The excited states of the odd-odd 154Ho nucleus have been studied by using in-beam γ-ray spectroscopy with the 141Pr (16O, 3n) 154Ho reaction at Elab=75 MeV. The beam was provided by the 12UD Pelletron accelerator at the University of Tsukuba. In this work, the complicated decay pattern of low energy transitions just above the T1/2=3.10 min isomer have been established. In addition, a number of new states and γ-ray transitions, especially those associated with energetically favored band termination, have been observed for the first time in 154Ho. A negative collective band and its signature partner built on the 11- level are interpreted as being based on the πh11/2⊗νi13/2 configuration. A positive band built on the 10+ level is based on the πh11/2⊗νh9/2 configuration while another positive band built on the 9+ level is being associated with the πh11/2⊗νf7/2 configuration. An energetically favored level Jπ=19- can be interpreted as being attributed to the πh11/2⊗νi13/2 configuration coupled to the 8+ state in neighboring core 152Dy, namely, a four-quasiparticle alignment based on the [πh11/2νi13/2]11-⊗[ν(h9/2f7/2)]8- configuration. Another energetically favored state at Jπ=27- is assigned the six-quasiparticle [π(h11/2)3]27/2-⊗[ν(f7/2h9/2i13/2)]27/2- configuration.

  16. Tuberculosis Facts - Exposure to TB

    Science.gov (United States)

    Tuberculosis (TB) Facts Exposure to TB What is TB? “TB” is short for a disease called tuberculosis. TB is spread through the air from one ... Viral Hepatitis, STD, and TB Prevention Division of Tuberculosis Elimination

  17. Tuberculosis Facts - Testing for TB

    Science.gov (United States)

    Tuberculosis (TB) Facts Testing for TB What is TB? “TB” is short for a disease called tuberculosis. TB is spread through the air from one ... Viral Hepatitis, STD, and TB Prevention Division of Tuberculosis Elimination

  18. Studies of the energy transfer processes from Er{sup 3+} and Ho{sup 3+} to Nd{sup 3+}, Tb{sup 3+} or Eu{sup 3+} in LiYF{sub 4} crystal and ZBLAN glass for the laser media optimization operating near 3{mu}m region; Estudos dos processos de transferencia de energia dos ions de Er{sup 3+} e Ho{sup 3+} para os ions de Nd{sup 3+}, Tb{sup 3+} e Eu{sup 3+} no cristal de LiYF{sub 4} e no vidro ZBLAN para a otimizacao de meios laser ativos que operam na regiao de 3{mu}m

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Jagosich, Fabio Henrique

    2006-07-01

    The energy transfer processes (ET) from the {sup 4}I{sub 13/2}; {sup 4}I{sub 11/2} levels of Er{sup 3+} and {sup 5}I{sub 6} levels of Ho{sup 3+} ions in LiYF{sub 4} (YLF) crystal and ZBLAN glass to Nd{sup 3+}, Tb{sup 3+} or Eu{sup 3+} deactivators ions were studied. The micro parameters of these energy transfer processes were determined using the overlap integral method, and showed that Eu{sup 3+} ion is the best deactivator of the first excited state of the Ho{sup 3+} in YLF, and Nd{sup 3+} is the best deactivator of the Er{sup 3+} in YLF and ZBLAN materials. The 1.5 and 2.7{mu}m emissions of Er{sup 3+} and 2.1 and 2.9{mu}m fluorescence of Ho{sup 3+} were measured using short laser pulses excitations from a tunable OPO pumped 2w-Nd:YAG laser system. We proposed a criterion for discriminating the energy transfer processes assisted by excitation migration (diffusion or hopping) among donors. It was observed that diffusion model describes the ET process from the second excited state of the donor (Er{sup 3+} or Ho{sup 3+}) independently of the C{sub D-D}/C{sub D-A} ratio, while the hopping model can describe the ET process involving the first excited state of donor. We proposed a modification of the hopping model in order to describe the experimental results for systems having C{sub D-D}/C{sub D-A} {>=} 10. Using the ET parameters, we determined that the best systems for laser action at 3{mu}m are the Ho:Eu:YLF, Ho:Nd:YLF and Er:Nd:YLF systems. On the other hand, we found that Er{sup 3+} doped (1.5 mol%) ZBLAN glasses, single and co-doped with Nd{sup 3+}, Tb{sup 3+} or Eu{sup 3+}, do not show potential for laser action at 2.8{mu}m. The up-conversion processes were studied in Er:YLF systems as a function of the Er{sup 3+} concentration, and the excited state absorption (ESA) and up conversion by energy transfer (ETU) processes were discriminated using a time resolved fluorescence decays. It was observed that 980 nm is the most convenient wavelength for pumping the Er

  19. Structural, spectral, dielectric and magnetic properties of Tb–Dy doped Li-Ni nano-ferrites synthesized via micro-emulsion route

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Junaid, Muhammad, E-mail: junaid.malik95@yahoo.com [Department of Physics, The Islamia University of Bahawalpur, Bahawalpur 63100 (Pakistan); Khan, Muhammad Azhar, E-mail: azhar.khan@iub.edu.pk [Department of Physics, The Islamia University of Bahawalpur, Bahawalpur 63100 (Pakistan); Iqbal, F. [Department of Physics, The Islamia University of Bahawalpur, Bahawalpur 63100 (Pakistan); Murtaza, Ghulam [Centre for Advanced Studies in Physics, Government College University, Lahore 54000 (Pakistan); Akhtar, Majid Niaz; Ahmad, Mukhtar [Department of Physics, COMSATS Institute of Information Technology, Lahore 54000 (Pakistan); Shakir, Imran [Deanship of scientific research, College of Engineering, King Saud University, PO Box 800, Riyadh 11421 (Saudi Arabia); Warsi, Muhammad Farooq [Department of Chemistry, The Islamia University of Bahawalpur, Bahawalpur 63100 (Pakistan)

    2016-12-01

    Terbium (Tb) and dysprosium (Dy) doped lithium-nickel nano-sized ferrites (Li{sub 0.2}Ni{sub 0.8}Tb{sub 0.5x}Dy{sub 0.5x}Fe{sub 2−x}O{sub 4} where x=0.00−0.08) were prepared by micro-emulsion technique. The X-ray diffraction (XRD) patterns confirmed the single phase cubic spinel structure. The lattice constant was increased due to larger ionic radii of Tb{sup 3+} and Dy{sup 3+} cations. The crystallite size was found in the range 30–42 nm. The FTIR (Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy) spectra revealed two significant absorption bands (~400–600 cm{sup −1}) which indicate the formation of cubic spinel structure. The peaking behavior of dielectric parameters was observed beyond 1.5 GHz. The dielectric constant and dielectric loss were found to decrease by the increase of Tb–Dy contents and frequency. The doping of Tb and Dy in Li–Ni ferrites led to increase the coercive field (120–156 Oe). The smaller magnetic and dielectric parameters suggested the possible utility of these nano-materials in switching and microwave devices applications. - Highlights: • Li{sub 0.2}Ni{sub 0.8}Tb{sub 0.5x}Dy{sub 0.5x}Fe{sub 2-x}O{sub 4} ferrites were synthesized by micro-emulsion route. • Tb and Dy addition improves coercivity while decreased saturation magnetization. • These nanomaterials can be useful in microwave and switching devices applications.

  20. Find TB. Treat TB. Working together to eliminate TB.

    Centers for Disease Control (CDC) Podcasts

    2014-02-26

    In this podcast, Dr. Sundari Mase, Medical Team Lead in the Field Services and Evaluation Branch in the Division of Tuberculosis Elimination, discusses World TB Day and the 2014 theme.  Created: 2/26/2014 by National Center for HIV/AIDS, Viral Hepatitis, STD, and TB Prevention (NCHHSTP).   Date Released: 2/26/2014.

  1. Synthesis, crystal structure, and magnetic properties of novel 2D kagome materials RE{sub 3}Sb{sub 3}Mg{sub 2}O{sub 14} (RE = La, Pr, Sm, Eu, Tb, Ho): Comparison to RE{sub 3}Sb{sub 3}Zn{sub 2}O{sub 14} family

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Sanders, M.B.; Baroudi, K.M.; Krizan, J.W.; Mukadam, O.A.; Cava, R.J. [Department of Chemistry, Princeton University, Princeton, NJ (United States)

    2016-10-15

    The crystal structures and magnetic properties of RE{sub 3}Sb{sub 3}Mg{sub 2}O{sub 14} (RE = La, Pr, Sm, Eu, Tb, Ho) with a perfect kagome lattice are presented and compared to RE{sub 3}Sb{sub 3}Zn{sub 2}O{sub 14}. Rietveld structure refinements were performed using X-ray diffraction data, indicating that the layered compounds are fully structurally ordered. The compounds crystallize in a rhombohedral supercell of the cubic pyrochlore structure, in the space group R-3m. Magnetic susceptibility measurements show no signs of magnetic ordering above 2 K. The RE{sub 3}Sb{sub 3}Mg{sub 2}O{sub 14} family is similar to that of RE{sub 3}Sb{sub 3}Zn{sub 2}O{sub 14}; however, the series reported here features a fully ordered distribution of cations in both the nonmagnetic antimony and magnetic rare earth kagome lattices. Unlike the offsite disorder that Zn{sup 2+} experiences in RE{sub 3}Sb{sub 3}Zn{sub 2}O{sub 14}, the magnesium sites in RE{sub 3}Sb{sub 3}Mg{sub 2}O{sub 14} are completely ordered. Here we compare the magnetic properties in both series of kagome compounds to determine how significant Zn{sup 2+}'s positional ordering is within this structure type. The compounds reported here appear to be relatively defect-free and are therefore model systems for investigating magnetic frustration on an ideal 2D rare earth kagome lattice. (copyright 2016 WILEY-VCH Verlag GmbH and Co. KGaA, Weinheim)

  2. Neutron scattering study on R{sub 2}PdSi{sub 3} (R=Ho,Er,Tm) compounds

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Tang, Fei

    2010-12-14

    Previous studies on the family of inter-metallic rare-earth compounds R{sub 2}PdSi{sub 3} revealed multifaceted magnetic properties, for instance, spin-glass like behavior. Experimental observations include: Signs of a crystallographic superstructure, complicated magnetic structures both in zero field and in applied magnetic fields as well as a generic phase in applied fields for compounds in the series with the heavy rare-earths R=Gd, Tb, Dy, Ho, Er and Tm. This thesis expands the studies on the magnetic properties of R{sub 2}PdSi{sub 3} employing mainly neutron scattering on single crystals with the focus on the compounds with R=Ho, Er and Tm. A detailed analysis of the crystallographic superstructure using modulation wave approach and group theory is presented. The resulting structure implies the existence of two different rare-earth sites with reduced symmetry and an arrangement of the different sites according to sequences as determined by the superstructure. It is shown that the reduced symmetry of the rare-earth sites is explicitly observed in the energy spectra of inelastic neutron scattering. The results on the magnetic structures and excitations are shown and discussed in the framework of the superstructure model. Specifically the generic phase in applied fields is interpreted as a direct consequence of the crystallographic superstructure. It is rather unusual that a crystallographic superstructure is playing such a decisive, and through the field dependence also tunable role in determining the magnetic properties as observed in R{sub 2}PdSi{sub 3}. The mediating interactions between the crystallographic part and the magnetic part of the system are discussed. (orig.)

  3. Mycobacteria and TB

    National Research Council Canada - National Science Library

    Kaufmann, S. H. E. (Stephan H. E.); Hahn, Helmut

    2003-01-01

    .... Scientists investigating the epidemiology, immunology and molecular biology of TB or engaged in vaccine and drug development as well as physicians and social workers treating TB patients will benefit...

  4. Magnetic order of Y{sub 3}NiSi{sub 3}-type R{sub 3}NiSi{sub 3} (R=Gd–DY) compounds

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Morozkin, A.V., E-mail: morozkin@tech.chem.msu.ru [Department of Chemistry, Moscow State University, Leninskie Gory, House 1, Building 3, GSP-2, Moscow 119992 (Russian Federation); Yapaskurt, V.O. [Department of Petrology, Faculty of Geology, Moscow State University, Leninskie Gory, Moscow 119992 (Russian Federation); Nirmala, R. [Indian Institute of Technology Madras, Chennai 600036 (India); Malik, S.K.; Quezado, S. [Departamento de Física Teórica e Experimental, Universidade Federal do Rio Grande do Norte, Natal 59082-970 (Brazil); Yao, Jinlei; Mozharivskyj, Y. [Department of Chemistry and Chemical Biology, McMaster University, 1280 Main Street West, Hamilton, Ontario, Canada L8S 4M1 (Canada); Nigam, A.K. [Tata Institute of Fundamental Research, Mumbai 400005 (India); Isnard, O. [Université Grenoble Alpes, Inst NEEL, BP166, F-38042 Grenoble (France); CNRS, Institut NEEL, 25 rue des martyrs, F-38042 Grenoble (France)

    2016-01-15

    Magnetic measurements and neutron powder diffraction investigations on the Y{sub 3}NiSi{sub 3}-type R{sub 3}NiSi{sub 3} compounds (R=Gd, Tb, Dy) reveal their complex antiferromagnetic ordering. Magnetic measurements on Gd{sub 3}NiSi{sub 3}, Tb{sub 3}NiSi{sub 3} and Dy{sub 3}NiSi{sub 3} indicate antiferromagnetic-like transition at temperatures 260 K, 202 K and 140 K, respectively. Also, the Tb{sub 3}NiSi{sub 3} and Dy{sub 3}NiSi{sub 3} compounds show spin-reorientation transition at 132 K and 99 K, respectively. Below the spin-reorientation transition, the isothermal magnetization curves indicate the metamagnetic-like behavior of Tb{sub 3}NiSi{sub 3} and Dy{sub 3}NiSi{sub 3}. The magnetocaloric effect of Dy{sub 3}NiSi{sub 3} is calculated in terms of isothermal magnetic entropy change and it reaches a maximum value of −1.2 J/kg K and −1.1 J/kg K for a field change of 50 kOe near 146 K and 92 K, respectively. The neutron diffraction studies of Tb{sub 3}NiSi{sub 3} suggest the magnetic ordering of the Tb2 4j sublattice and no magnetic ordering of the Tb1 2a sublattice. Tb{sub 3}NiSi{sub 3} transforms from the high temperature paramagnetic state to the commensurate high-temperature a- and c-axis antiferromagnet of I′2/m magnetic space group below 250 K. Below 150 K, the high-temperature antiferromagnet transforms into the low-temperature a-, b- and c-axis antiferromagnet of I′i magnetic space group. At 1.5 K, the terbium magnetic moment in Tb2 sublattice and its a-, b- and c-axis components reach the values of M{sub Tb2}=8.2(1) μ{sub B}, M{sub aTb2}=5.9(1) μ{sub B}, M{sub bTb2}=4.3(2) μ{sub B} and M{sub cTb2}=3.7(2) μ{sub B}, respectively. - Highlights: • Gd{sub 3}NiSi{sub 3}, Tb{sub 3}NiSi{sub 3} and Dy{sub 3}NiSi{sub 3} have Neel points of 260. 202 and 140 K. • Tb{sub 3}NiSi{sub 3} and Dy{sub 3}NiSi{sub 3} show spin-reorientation transition at 132 and 99 K. • Tb{sub 3}NiSi{sub 3} exhibits the commensurate magnetic ordering of Tb2 4j sublattice

  5. Fusion of 6Li with 159Tb at near-barrier energies

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Pradhan, M. K.; Mukherjee, A.; Basu, P.; Goswami, A.; Kshetri, R.; Roy, Subinit; Chowdhury, P. Roy; Sarkar, M. Saha; Palit, R.; Parkar, V. V.; Santra, S.; Ray, M.

    2011-01-01

    Complete and incomplete fusion cross sections for 6 Li + 159 Tb have been measured at energies around the Coulomb barrier by the γ-ray method. The measurements show that the complete fusion cross sections at above-barrier energies are suppressed by ∼34% compared to coupled-channel calculations. A comparison of the complete fusion cross sections at above-barrier energies with the existing data for 11,10 B + 159 Tb and 7 Li + 159 Tb shows that the extent of suppression is correlated with the α separation energies of the projectiles. It has been argued that the Dy isotopes produced in the reaction 6 Li + 159 Tb at below-barrier energies are primarily due to the d transfer to unbound states of 159 Tb, while both transfer and incomplete fusion processes contribute at above-barrier energies.

  6. Diffusion processes in dyed detectors

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Lferde, M.; Seidel, J.-L.; Monnin, M.

    1982-01-01

    In order to get a better understanding of the dyed and fluorescent track detectors, the diffusion speed of the swelling agent, the sensitization molecules and the dye have been measured under various conditions. It is shown that the sensitization affects the entire detector while dyeing is restricted to the upper and lower layers of the detector. By combining the optimal values of the reactions parameters a higher contrast and sensitivity may be achieved. (author)

  7. Questions and Answers about TB

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... disease. Introduction Testing and Treatment TB Disease Glossary Introduction Introduction What is TB? Why is TB still ... chest x-ray is made by exposing a film to x-rays that pass through the chest. ...

  8. TB in Captive Elephants

    Centers for Disease Control (CDC) Podcasts

    2017-04-27

    Dr. Barry Kreiswirth, founding director of the Public Health Research Institute, TB Center, at Rutgers University, discusses TB in three captive elephants.  Created: 4/27/2017 by National Center for Emerging and Zoonotic Infectious Diseases (NCEZID).   Date Released: 4/27/2017.

  9. Magnetic properties of Dy/Zr multilayers

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Luche, M.C.; Boyer, P.

    1992-01-01

    [Dy(xA)/Zr(30A)] n superlattices (x ≤ 30), were evaporated under ultra-high vacuum on Si(100) substrates. Magnetization measurements indicate that the antiferromagnetic transition occurring at 178K in bulk Dy is suppressed in the multilayers. This phenomenon is attributed to magnetoelastic effects induced by strains at Zr/Dy interfaces. A perpendicular magnetic anisotropy takes place for x ≤ 15. However, the magnetic anisotropy is found to depend markedly on the technique used for Dy deposition. (author). 11 refs., 4 figs

  10. Fine Structure in Proton Emission from the Deformed 141g.sHo and 141mHo

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Karny, M.; Rykaczewski, Krzysztof Piotr; Grzywacz, R.; Batchelder, J.C.; Bingham, C.R.; Goodin, C. T.; Gross, Carl J.; Hamilton, J.H.; Korgul, A.; Krolas, W.; Liddick, S. N.; Li, K.; Maier, Karl; Mazzocchi, C.; Piechaczek, A.; Shapira, Dan; Simpson, D.; Tantawy, M.N.; Winger, J.A.; Yu, Chang-Hong; Zganjar, E. F.

    2007-01-01

    Fine structure in proton emission from the deformed states 141g.s Ho (T 1/2 = 4.1 ms) and 141 mHo (T 1/2 = 7.4 (micro)s) has been discovered at Oak Ridge by detecting fusion evaporation residues with the Recoil Mass Spectrometer, Si-detectors and digital signal processing electronics. The branching ratios to the first 2 + excited state in 140 Dy were measured to be I p g.s. (2 + ) = 0.9±0.1% and I p m (2 + ) = 1.7±0.5%. A comparison of the available calculations to the experimental values calls for further development of the theoretical models

  11. Production of 149Tb in deep inelastic transfer reactions: an approach to the angular momentum of fragments

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Rivet, M.F.; Bimbot, R.; Gardes, D.; Fleury, A.; Hubert, F.; Llabador, Y.

    1978-01-01

    The excitation functions for deep inelastic reactions in which two to six charges are transferred from 40 Ar and 63 Cu ions to rare earth targets have been measured using activation techniques, the observed radionuclides being 150 Dy, 151 Dy and 149 gTb. From the comparison of the curves relative to 149 gTb and those relative to 150 Dy, 151 Dy, it was deduced that the low spin isomer 149 gTb was produced with significant probability for low incident energies. Using data from (heavy ions, xn) reactions, it was possible to attribute this production to the deexcitation of Tb fragments formed in deep inelastic transfers with angular momenta lower than 9n. This result is in good agreement with the angular momentum calculations performed under the hypothesis that the initial angular momentum window leading to deep inelastic reactions is situated between the critical angular momentum for fusion and that corresponding to grazing collisions. As far as Cu induced reactions are concerned, both hypothesis of rolling and sticking are consistent with the experimental data. For Ar induced reactions, the results indicate that the stage of sticking is not reached when the incident energy is lower than 200 MeV

  12. Characterization of low temperature metallic magnetic calorimeters having gold absorbers with implanted 163Ho ions

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gastaldo, L.; Ranitzsch, P. C.-O.; von Seggern, F.; Porst, J.-P.; Schäfer, S.; Pies, C.; Kempf, S.; Wolf, T.; Fleischmann, A.; Enss, C.; Herlert, A.; Johnston, K.

    2013-05-01

    For the first time we have investigated the behavior of fully micro-fabricated low temperature metallic magnetic calorimeters (MMCs) after undergoing an ion-implantation process. This experiment had the aim to show the possibility to perform a high precision calorimetric measurement of the energy spectrum following the electron capture of 163Ho using MMCs having the radioactive 163Ho ions implanted in the absorber. The isotope 163Ho decays through electron capture to 163Dy and features the smallest known QEC value. This peculiarity makes 163Ho a very interesting candidate to investigate the value of the electron neutrino mass by the analysis of the energy spectrum. The implantation of 163Ho ions was performed at ISOLDE-CERN. The performance of a detector that underwent an ion-implantation process is compared to the one of a detector without implanted ions. The results show that the implantation dose of ions used in this experiment does not compromise the properties of the detector. Moreover the performance of the detector prototype having the 163Ho ions implanted in the absorber is already close to the requirements needed for an experiment with sub-eV sensitivity to the electron neutrino mass. Based on these results, an optimized detector design for future 163Ho experiments is presented.

  13. Characterization of low temperature metallic magnetic calorimeters having gold absorbers with implanted 163Ho ions

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Gastaldo, L.; Ranitzsch, P.C.-O.; Seggern, F. von; Porst, J.-P.; Schäfer, S.; Pies, C.; Kempf, S.; Wolf, T.; Fleischmann, A.; Enss, C.; Herlert, A.; Johnston, K.

    2013-01-01

    For the first time we have investigated the behavior of fully micro-fabricated low temperature metallic magnetic calorimeters (MMCs) after undergoing an ion-implantation process. This experiment had the aim to show the possibility to perform a high precision calorimetric measurement of the energy spectrum following the electron capture of 163 Ho using MMCs having the radioactive 163 Ho ions implanted in the absorber. The isotope 163 Ho decays through electron capture to 163 Dy and features the smallest known Q EC value. This peculiarity makes 163 Ho a very interesting candidate to investigate the value of the electron neutrino mass by the analysis of the energy spectrum. The implantation of 163 Ho ions was performed at ISOLDE-CERN. The performance of a detector that underwent an ion-implantation process is compared to the one of a detector without implanted ions. The results show that the implantation dose of ions used in this experiment does not compromise the properties of the detector. Moreover the performance of the detector prototype having the 163 Ho ions implanted in the absorber is already close to the requirements needed for an experiment with sub-eV sensitivity to the electron neutrino mass. Based on these results, an optimized detector design for future 163 Ho experiments is presented

  14. Tuberculosis Facts - TB and HIV/AIDS

    Science.gov (United States)

    Tuberculosis (TB) Facts TB and HIV/AIDS What is TB? “TB” is short for a disease called tuberculosis. TB is spread through the air from one ... Viral Hepatitis, STD, and TB Prevention Division of Tuberculosis Elimination

  15. Band mixing in /sup 160/Dy

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Hasiza, M L; Singh, K; Sahota, H S [Punjabi Univ., Patiala (India). Dept. of Physics

    1982-11-01

    The intensities of the gamma transitions in /sup 160/Dy have been measured precisely by a 45 cc Ge(Li) detector. Unequal quadrupole moments for the ground and gamma vibrational bands have been proposed in order to remove the inconsistencies in the values of band mixing parameter Z sub(gamma) for this doubly even deformed nucleus of /sup 160/Dy.

  16. HIV and Tuberculosis (TB)

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... AIDS Drugs Clinical Trials Apps skip to content HIV and Opportunistic Infections, Coinfections, and Conditions Home Understanding ... 4 p.m. ET) Send us an email HIV and Tuberculosis (TB) Last Reviewed: June 14, 2018 ...

  17. Tuberculosis (TB): Treatment

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... Education & Training Home Conditions Tuberculosis (TB) Tuberculosis: Treatment Tuberculosis: Treatment Make an Appointment Refer a Patient Ask ... or bones is treated longer. NEXT: Preventive Treatment Tuberculosis: Diagnosis Tuberculosis: History Clinical Trials For more than ...

  18. em cristais de Ho:YLF e Er:YLF na região de 3m

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Fábio Henrique Jagosich

    2006-01-01

    Full Text Available In this work, the deactivation energy transfer mechanisms of 4I13/2 of Er3+ and 5I7 of Ho3+ levels in crystals of LiYF4 (YLF co-doped with Nd3+, Tb3+ and Eu3+ are studied. It was determined the best combination with deactivator ions, capable to maximize the laser gain in the middle of the Ho3+ in 2.9 micrometers (mm and the Er3+ in 2.75 mm operation. The results showed that the Tb3+ and Eu3+ are the best deactivators to the Ho3+ laser operation, while for the Ho3+ laser operation, the best ion deactivator is the Nd3+. The energy transfer characterizations were carried out using the Förster-Dexter method, which consists in the determination of the interaction critic ray, to start from the integral superposition of the absorption cross section spectrum and the involved ions emission.

  19. Magnetic moments of high spin rotational states in 158Dy and 164Dy+

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Seiler-Clark, G.

    1983-09-01

    For the study of their magnetic moments yrast states in 158 Dy and 164 Dy were excited via the multiple-Coulomb excitation by a 4.7 MeV/u 208 Pb beam. Hereby especially the question was of interest, how the one-particle effects in the nuclear structure in the region of the backbending anomaly in 158 Dy take effects on the g-factors of the high spin states in this region. The particle-γ angular correlations perturbed in the transient magnetic field during the passing of the excited Dy ions through a thin magnetized iron foil were measured. By the selective position-sensitive detection of Dy recoil ions and Pb projectiles under forward angles it was possible to determine additionally to the g-factors in the backbending region also g-factors in the spin region I 158 Dy and 164 Dy by detection of the particle-γ correlations precessing in the static hyperfine field after implantation in iron. The static hyperfine field was at the 4 + state in 164 Dy determined to B (Dy,Fe) = 245+-25 T. The g-factors were determined by comparison of the experimental results with calculations of the perturbed angular correlations by time-differential regarding of the population and de-excitation of the yrast states as well as by precession and hyperfine-relaxation effects during the flight of the Dy ions in the vacuum. (orig./HSI) [de

  20. Tuberculosis Facts - You Can Prevent TB

    Science.gov (United States)

    Tuberculosis (TB) Facts You Can Prevent TB What is TB? “TB” is short for a disease called tuberculosis. TB is spread through the air from one ... Viral Hepatitis, STD, and TB Prevention Division of Tuberculosis Elimination TB Facts: You Can Prevent TB What ...

  1. Tuberculosis Facts - TB Can Be Treated

    Science.gov (United States)

    Tuberculosis (TB) Facts TB Can Be Treated What is TB? “TB” is short for a disease called tuberculosis. TB is spread through the air from one ... Viral Hepatitis, STD, and TB Prevention Division of Tuberculosis Elimination Page 1 of 2 TB Facts: TB ...

  2. Field-induced transitions in DySb

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Brun, T.O.; Lander, G.H.; Korty, F.W.; Kouvel, J.S.

    1974-01-01

    The NaCl-structured compound DySb, which in zero field transforms abruptly at T/sub N/ approximately 9.5 0 K to a Type-II antiferromagnetic (A) state with a nearly tetragonal lattice distortion, was previously found to exhibit rapid field-induced changes in magnetization at 1.5 0 K. The field-induced transitions in a DySb crystal have been studied by neutron diffraction and magnetization measurements in fields up to approximately 60 kOe applied parallel to each of the principal axes. In the broken bracket 100 broken bracket case, the transition from the A to an intermediate ferrimagnetic (Q) state is first-order at 4.2 0 K (critical field H/sub c/ approximately 21 kOe) but is continuous from approximately 6 0 K up to T/sub N/: as H/sub c/ → 0. The Q-to-paramagnetic (P) transition is rapid but continuous at 4.2 0 K (H/sub c/ approximately 40 kOe) and becomes broad as T/sub N/ is approached. In the broken bracket 110 broken bracket case the A-to-Q transition remains essentially first-order from 4.2 0 K (H/sub c/ approximately 15 kOe) up to T/sub N/; above T/sub N/ rapid P-to-Q transitions occur at very high fields. The magnetic structure of the Q state is found to be that of HoP. (U.S.)

  3. Monodisperse and core-shell structured SiO{sub 2}-Lu{sub 2}O{sub 3}:Ln{sup 3+} (Ln=Eu, Tb, Dy, Sm, Er, Ho, and Tm) spherical particles: A facile synthesis and luminescent properties

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Xu, Zhenhe, E-mail: xuzh056@163.com [College of Applied Chemistry, Shenyang University of Chemical Technology, Shenyang 100142 (China); Feng, Bin [China National Aviation Fuel Group Corporation, Planning and Development Department, Beijing 100088 (China); Bian, Shasha; Liu, Tao; Wang, Mingli; Gao, Yu; Sun, Di; Gao, Xin [College of Applied Chemistry, Shenyang University of Chemical Technology, Shenyang 100142 (China); Sun, Yaguang, E-mail: yaguangsun@yahoo.com.cn [College of Applied Chemistry, Shenyang University of Chemical Technology, Shenyang 100142 (China)

    2012-12-15

    The core-shell structured SiO{sub 2}-Lu{sub 2}O{sub 3}:Ln{sup 3+} particles were realized by coating the Lu{sub 2}O{sub 3}:Ln{sup 3+} phosphors onto the surface of non-aggregated, monodisperse and spherical SiO{sub 2} particles by the Pechini sol-gel method. The as-synthesized products were characterized by X-ray diffraction (XRD), Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy (FT-IR), energy-dispersive X-ray (EDX) spectra, scanning electron microscopy (SEM), transmission electron microscopy (TEM), high-resolution transmission electron microscopy (HRTEM), photolumiminescence (PL), and low-voltage cathodoluminescence (CL). The results indicate that the 800 Degree-Sign C annealed sample consists of crystalline Lu{sub 2}O{sub 3} shells and amorphous SiO{sub 2} cores, in spherical shape with a narrow size distribution. The as-obtained particles show strong light emission with different colors corresponding to different Ln{sup 3+} ions under ultraviolet-visible light excitation and low-voltage electron beams excitation, which have potential applications in fluorescent lamps and field emission displays. - Graphical Abstract: Representative SEM and TEM images of the core-shell structured SiO{sub 2}-Lu{sub 2}O{sub 3}:Eu{sup 3+} particles; CIE chromaticity diagram showing the emission colors for SiO{sub 2}-Lu{sub 2}O{sub 3}:Ln{sup 3+}; Multicolor emissions of SiO{sub 2}-Lu{sub 2}O{sub 3}:Ln{sup 3+} particles. Highlights: Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer The core-shell particles were realized by coating the phosphors onto the surface of SiO{sub 2} particles. Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer The sample consists of crystalline Lu{sub 2}O{sub 3} shells and amorphous SiO{sub 2} cores. Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer The particles show different light emission colors corresponding to Ln{sup 3+} ions. Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer They have potential applications in fluorescent lamps and field emission displays.

  4. DySectAPI: Scalable Prescriptive Debugging

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Jensen, Nicklas Bo; Karlsson, Sven; Quarfot Nielsen, Niklas

    We present the DySectAPI, a tool that allow users to construct probe trees for automatic, event-driven debugging at scale. The traditional, interactive debugging model, whereby users manually step through and inspect their application, does not scale well even for current supercomputers. While...... lightweight debugging models scale well, they can currently only debug a subset of bug classes. DySectAPI fills the gap between these two approaches with a novel user-guided approach. Using both experimental results and analytical modeling we show how DySectAPI scales and can run with a low overhead...

  5. Využitie metódy concept cartoons© na hodinách prírodovedy z pohľadu učiteľov prvého stupňa ZŠ

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Michaela Minárechová

    2017-07-01

    Full Text Available V príspevku sa venujeme metóde concept cartoons© a jej aplikácii do vyučovania prírodovedy na I.stupni ZŠ. Okrem toho stručne opisujeme  príručku k metóde concept cartoons© pre  ZŠ, ktorú sme zostavili v rámci našej dizertačnej práce. Pre lepšie posúdenie príručky a možnosti aplikácie metódy concept cartoons© na hodinách prírodovedy sme realizovali rozhovor s tromi učiteľkami primárneho vzdelávania.   Našim cieľom bolo zistiť  ich  názory  na vyučovanie pomocou concept cartoons© a na nami zostavenú metodickú rukoväť k metóde concept cartoons© pre I. stupeň ZŠ.  Prostredníctvom analýzy odpovedí učiteliek sme zistili prevažne pozitívny názor ako na samotnú metódu concept cartoons©, tak aj na zostavenú metodickú príručku k nej.

  6. Molecular assembly and magnetic dynamics of two novel Dy6 and Dy8 aggregates.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Guo, Yun-Nan; Chen, Xiao-Hua; Xue, Shufang; Tang, Jinkui

    2012-04-02

    Complexation of dysprosium(III) with the heterodonor chelating ligand o-vanillin picolinoylhydrazone (H(2)ovph) in the presence of a carbonato ligand affords two novel Dy(6) and Dy(8) clusters, namely, [Dy(6)(ovph)(4)(Hpvph)(2)Cl(4)(H(2)O)(2)(CO(3))(2)]·CH(3)OH·H(2)O·CH(3)CN (2) and [Dy(8)(ovph)(8)(CO(3))(4)(H(2)O)(8)]·12CH(3)CN·6H(2)O (3). Compound 2 is composed of three petals of the Dy(2) units linked by two carbonato ligands, forming a triangular prism arrangement, while compound 3 possesses an octanuclear core with an unprecedented tub conformation, in which Dy(ovph) fragments are attached to the sides of the carbonato core. The static and dynamic magnetic properties are reported and discussed. In the Dy(6) aggregate, three Dy(2) "skeletons", having been well preserved (see the scheme), contribute to the single-molecule-magnet behavior with a relatively slow tunneling rate, while the Dy(8) cluster only exhibits a rather small relaxation barrier.

  7. Asteroids Dynamic Site-AstDyS

    Science.gov (United States)

    Knezevic, Zoran; Milani, Andrea

    2012-08-01

    The AstDyS online information service (http://hamilton.dm.unipi.it/astdys/) contains data on numbered and multi - opposition asteroids, including orbital elements, their uncertainty, proper elements, ephemerides with uncertainty, and more. AstDyS also provides additional scientific output computed from the raw observational data. This value added currently includes: more accurate orbits computed with advanced dynamical and observational error model s; their uncertainty, as expressed by the covariance matrix formalism; ephemerides computed on request for each observer, with uncertainty; mean and proper orbital elements (for this output, AstDyS is the primary source worldwide); statistical quality control, providing a rigorous observational error model. All this is available with a sophisticated web interface, providing multiple search functions and online computations as well as complete orbital and residual files. There are several ways in which the A stDyS service could be expanded and improved in the next future, like the explicit classification of asteroids into asteroid families, the classification of resonant asteroids, and an updated self - consistent population model (to be used, e.g., for survey simulations). The IAU Division I endorsed the proposal for AstDyS to become an IAU (permanent) service, which would include the IAU supervision of the AstDyS system, keeping under control the quality of the work and the continuous update under conditions of scientific competition.

  8. The low-energy β(-) and electron emitter (161)Tb as an alternative to (177)Lu for targeted radionuclide therapy.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lehenberger, Silvia; Barkhausen, Christoph; Cohrs, Susan; Fischer, Eliane; Grünberg, Jürgen; Hohn, Alexander; Köster, Ulli; Schibli, Roger; Türler, Andreas; Zhernosekov, Konstantin

    2011-08-01

    The low-energy β(-) emitter (161)Tb is very similar to (177)Lu with respect to half-life, beta energy and chemical properties. However, (161)Tb also emits a significant amount of conversion and Auger electrons. Greater therapeutic effect can therefore be expected in comparison to (177)Lu. It also emits low-energy photons that are useful for gamma camera imaging. The (160)Gd(n,γ)(161)Gd→(161)Tb production route was used to produce (161)Tb by neutron irradiation of massive (160)Gd targets (up to 40 mg) in nuclear reactors. A semiautomated procedure based on cation exchange chromatography was developed and applied to isolate no carrier added (n.c.a.) (161)Tb from the bulk of the (160)Gd target and from its stable decay product (161)Dy. (161)Tb was used for radiolabeling DOTA-Tyr3-octreotate; the radiolabeling profile was compared to the commercially available n.c.a. (177)Lu. A (161)Tb Derenzo phantom was imaged using a small-animal single-photon emission computed tomography camera. Up to 15 GBq of (161)Tb was produced by long-term irradiation of Gd targets. Using a cation exchange resin, we obtained 80%-90% of the available (161)Tb with high specific activity, radionuclide and chemical purity and in quantities sufficient for therapeutic applications. The (161)Tb obtained was of the quality required to prepare (161)Tb-DOTA-Tyr3-octreotate. We were able to produce (161)Tb in n.c.a. form by irradiating highly enriched (160)Gd targets; it can be obtained in the quantity and quality required for the preparation of (161)Tb-labeled therapeutic agents. Copyright © 2011 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

  9. Heterogeneous bilayer films NiFe (Fe)-Dy: magnetic circular dichroism and Dy spin ordering

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Markov, V.V. E-mail: ise@iph.krasn.ruise@iph.krasnoyarsk.su; Kesler, V.G.; Khudyakov, A.E.; Edelman, I.S.; Bondarenko, G.V

    2001-08-01

    Results of the magnetic circular dichroism (MCD) and Auger electron spectroscopy (AES) investigations in the 3d transition metal-Dy bi-layer films are presented. It is shown that even at room temperature the Dy layer makes a contribution to MCD of the bi-layer film, which corresponds to the MCD value in the single-layer Dy film measured below T{sub C}=85 K. According to the AES data there is no sharp interface between 3d and Dy layers in these films. Some amount of Ni and Fe atoms is dispersed in the Dy layer and some amount of Dy atoms is dispersed in the 3d layer. The comparison of the MCD and AES data allows one to suppose the Dy layer in the bi-layer films to be magnetically ordered at room temperature under the influence of the 3d-layer spin system. The influence spreads to long distances inside Dy layer through the 3d-ions dispersed in it.

  10. Heterogeneous bilayer films NiFe (Fe)-Dy: magnetic circular dichroism and Dy spin ordering

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Markov, V.V.; Kesler, V.G.; Khudyakov, A.E.; Edelman, I.S.; Bondarenko, G.V.

    2001-01-01

    Results of the magnetic circular dichroism (MCD) and Auger electron spectroscopy (AES) investigations in the 3d transition metal-Dy bi-layer films are presented. It is shown that even at room temperature the Dy layer makes a contribution to MCD of the bi-layer film, which corresponds to the MCD value in the single-layer Dy film measured below T C =85 K. According to the AES data there is no sharp interface between 3d and Dy layers in these films. Some amount of Ni and Fe atoms is dispersed in the Dy layer and some amount of Dy atoms is dispersed in the 3d layer. The comparison of the MCD and AES data allows one to suppose the Dy layer in the bi-layer films to be magnetically ordered at room temperature under the influence of the 3d-layer spin system. The influence spreads to long distances inside Dy layer through the 3d-ions dispersed in it

  11. Some Limitations in the Use of Plastic and Dyed Plastic Dosimeters

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Miller, Arne; Bjergbakke, Erling; McLaughlin, W. L.

    1975-01-01

    Several practical plastic and dyed plastic dosimeters were examined under irradiation conditions similar to those used for radiation processing of materials. Cellulose triacetate, polymethyl methacrylate, polyvinyl chloride, dyed polymethyl methacrylate, dyed Cellophane and dyed Nylon were given...

  12. TB or not TB?: a case of isolated testicular TB with scrotal involvement.

    LENUS (Irish Health Repository)

    Bhargava, A

    2009-06-01

    Despite the genitourinary tract being the most common site affected by extrapulmonary TB, isolated testicular TB remains a rare clinical entity. In patients with co-morbidities such as hepatic impairment, treatment proves a challenge, as first-line hepatotoxic pharmaceuticals are contraindicated. Here, we report a case of isolated testicular TB with scrotal involvement, on a background of hepatic dysfunction.

  13. Sensitivity, completeness and agreement of the tuberculosis electronic system in Ho Chi Minh City, Viet Nam.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Thai, L H; Nhat, L M; Shah, N; Lyss, S; Ackers, M

    2017-12-21

    Setting: Since 2011, tuberculosis (TB) clinics in Ho Chi Minh City (HCMC), Viet Nam, have been entering data from a paper-based TB treatment register into an electronic database known as VITIMES (Viet Nam TB Information Management Electronic System), which is currently used in parallel with the paper system. Objective: To evaluate the sensitivity, completeness and agreement of data in VITIMES with that of paper-based registers among TB patients co-infected with the human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) being treated for TB in HCMC. Design: This was a retrospective data review of all TB-HIV patients receiving anti-tuberculosis treatment in each of the 24 district TB clinics in HCMC in 2013. Data were abstracted from the paper-based TB treatment registers at district level and extracted electronically at the provincial level. Records were matched based on name, age and address. The sensitivity, completeness and agreement of the electronic data were compared with data from the paper system. Results: The findings showed that the electronic system had high sensitivity (99.2%), high completeness (87-99%) and high agreement (κ 0.78-0.97) for all variables. Conclusion: The results of this study suggest that data are being correctly entered into VITIMES and that patient data can be directly entered into VITIMES instead of having a parallel, paper-based system.

  14. Influence of Dy in solid solution on the degradation behavior of binary Mg-Dy alloys in cell culture medium.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Yang, Lei; Ma, Liangong; Huang, Yuanding; Feyerabend, Frank; Blawert, Carsten; Höche, Daniel; Willumeit-Römer, Regine; Zhang, Erlin; Kainer, Karl Ulrich; Hort, Norbert

    2017-06-01

    Rare earth element Dy is one of the promising alloying elements for magnesium alloy as biodegradable implants. To understand the effect of Dy in solid solution on the degradation of Mg-Dy alloys in simulated physiological conditions, the present work studied the microstructure and degradation behavior of Mg-Dy alloys in cell culture medium. It is found the corrosion resistance enhances with the increase of Dy content in solid solution in Mg. This can be attributed to the formation of a relatively more corrosion resistant Dy-enriched film which decreases the anodic dissolution of Mg. Copyright © 2017 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.

  15. Mechanoluminescence of Dy doped strontium aluminate nanophosphors

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Sharma, Ravi, E-mail: rvsharma65@gmail.com [Department of Physics, Govt. Arts and Commerce Girls College, Raipur, C.G. 492001 (India); Bisen, D.P. [School of Studies in Physics and Astrophysics, Pt. Ravishankar Shukla University, Raipur, C.G. 492010 (India); Chandra, B.P. [Department of Postgraduate Studies and Research in Physics and Electronics, Rani Durgavati University, Jabalpur 482001 (India)

    2015-12-15

    Nanosized strontium aluminate phosphors activated with Dy{sup 3+} were prepared by a combustion method. Nanophosphor was prepared by this method at reaction temperatures as low as 600 °C. Powder X-ray diffraction (XRD), scanning electron microscope analysis was used to characterize the prepared product. The monoclinic phase was observed in the XRD pattern. The particle size of the samples was calculated around 35 nm. The SEM images show irregular shape of the prepared nanophosphor. Two peaks were found in the mechanoluminescence (ML) response curve plotted between time and ML intensity. The H{sub 3}BO{sub 3} added strontium aluminate phosphors activated with Dy show more bright ML peak as compared to the powders of SrAl{sub 2}O{sub 4}:Dy{sup 3+} without H{sub 3}BO{sub 3.} It was found that the PL and ML intensity increases with increasing concentration of Dy, it becomes maximum for 3% of Dy. The photoluminescence emission shows two intense fluorescence transitions peaks at 498 nm and 583 nm, {sup 4}F{sub 9/2}→{sup 6}H{sub 15/2} in the blue and {sup 4}F{sub 9/2}→{sup 6}H{sub 13/2} in the yellow-orange wavelength region. - Highlights: • Combustion synthesis route is used to prepare the SrAl{sub 2}O{sub 4}: Dy {sup 3+} nanophosphors. • The size of the synthesized sample was found to be in the nano-meter range. • The mechanoluminescence of SrAl{sub 2}O{sub 4}:Dy {sup 3+} nanophosphors is studied. • The photoluminescence of SrAl{sub 2}O{sub 4}: Dy {sup 3+} nanophosphors showed blue-shift as compared to bulk. • Effect of H{sub 3}BO{sub 3} on the mechanoluminescence of SrAl{sub 2}O{sub 4}:Dy{sup 3+} was studied.

  16. First Calorimetric Measurement of OI-line in the Electron Capture Spectrum of $^{163}$Ho

    CERN Document Server

    Ranitzsch, P. C. -O.; Wegner, M.; Kempf, S.; Fleischmann, A.; Enss, C.; Gastaldo, L.; Herlert, A.; Johnston, K.

    2014-01-01

    The isotope $^{163}$Ho undergoes an electron capture process with a recommended value for the energy available to the decay, $Q_{\\rm EC}$, of about 2.5 keV. According to the present knowledge, this is the lowest $Q_{\\rm EC}$ value for electron capture processes. Because of that, $^{163}$Ho is the best candidate to perform experiments to investigate the value of the electron neutrino mass based on the analysis of the calorimetrically measured spectrum. We present for the first time the calorimetric measurement of the atomic de-excitation of the $^{163}$Dy daughter atom upon the capture of an electron from the 5s shell in $^{163}$Ho, OI-line. The measured peak energy is 48 eV. This measurement was performed using low temperature metallic magnetic calorimeters with the $^{163}$Ho ion implanted in the absorber. We demonstrate that the calorimetric spectrum of $^{163}$Ho can be measured with high precision and that the parameters describing the spectrum can be learned from the analysis of the data. Finally, we dis...

  17. Crystal structure and magnetic properties of Tb6FeSb2

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Cai Gemei; Zhang Jiliang; He Wei; Qin Pingli; Zeng Lingmin

    2006-01-01

    The crystal structure and magnetic properties of Tb 6 FeSb 2 has been investigated for the first time. The compound crystallizes in the hexagonal, space group P6-bar 2m (No. 189) with the Ho 6 FeSb 2 structure type and lattice parameters a=8.1942(5)A, c=4.1758(3)A, z=1 and D calc =8.564g/cm 3 . Its magnetic properties were measured between 85 and 420K. The Curie temperature T c =256K was obtained using the method of intersecting tangents, and the effective paramagnetic moment was μ eff =9.32μ B per Tb atom

  18. Microstructures and mechanical properties of Mg–Zn–Zr–Dy ...

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    Microstructures and phase compositions of as-cast and extruded ZK60–Dy ( = 0–5) alloys were analysed by optical microscope, scanning electron microscope, X-ray diffraction and differential scanning calorimetry. Meanwhile, the tensile mechanical property was tested.With increasing Dy content, Mg–Zn–Dy new phase ...

  19. Determination of Elevator Shaft Uprightness Applying the Terrestrial Laser Scanning Method / Určovanie Zvislosti Výťahovej Šachty Metódou Terestrického Laserového Skenovania

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Kovanič Ľudovít

    2013-09-01

    Full Text Available V príspevku sú prezentované výsledky geodetického merania a spracovania údajov na určenie geometrických parametrov výťahovej šachty použitím klasických a tiež moderných prístupov získavania meraných dát. Zámerom je overenie možnosti využitia terestrického laserového skenovania ako vhodnej, efektívnej a detailnej metódy pre zber priestorových údajov.

  20. Magnetostriction-strain-induced enhancement and modulation of photovoltaic performance in Si-p-n/TbxDy1-xFe2 composite

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Wu, Zheng; Zhang, Yihe; Fang, Cong; Ma, Ke; Lin, He; Jia, Yanmin; Chen, Jianrong; Wang, Yu; Chan, Helen Lai Wa

    2014-01-01

    High photovoltaic efficiency is a key index in the application of silicon (Si) solar cells. In this study, a composite of a photovoltaic Si p-n junction solar cell and a magnetostrictive Tb x Dy 1-x Fe 2 alloy was fabricated. By utilizing the magnetostrictive strain to modulate the energy bandgap of Si, the open-circuit voltage and the maximum photovoltaic output power of the Si p-n junction solar cell could be enhanced by ∝12% and 9.1% under a dc magnetic field of ∝250 mT, respectively. The significantly enhanced photovoltaic performance and the simple fabrication process make the Si-p-n/Tb x Dy 1-x Fe 2 composite a promising material for high-efficiency solar cell devices. The structure of the proposed Si-p-n/Tb x Dy 1-x Fe 2 laminated composite. (copyright 2014 WILEY-VCH Verlag GmbH and Co. KGaA, Weinheim)

  1. LiHo(PO34

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mokhtar Férid

    2009-02-01

    Full Text Available Lithium holmium(III polyphosphate(V, LiHo(PO34, belongs to the type I of polyphosphates with general formula ALn(PO34, where A is a monovalent cation and Ln is a trivalent rare earth cation. In the crystal structure, the polyphosphate chains spread along the b-axis direction, with a repeat period of four tetrahedra and 21 internal symmetry. The Li and Ho atoms are both located on twofold rotation axes and are surrounded by four and eight O atoms, leading to a distorted tetrahedral and dodecahedral coordination, respectively. The HoO8 polyhedra are isolated from each other, the closest Ho...Ho distance being 5.570 (1 Å.

  2. Isomer spectroscopy of neutron-rich 168 Tb 103

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Gurgi, L. A.; Regan, P. H.; Söderström, P. -A.; Watanabe, H.; Walker, P. M.; Podolyák, Zs.; Nishimura, S.; Berry, T. A.; Doornenbal, P.; Lorusso, G.; Isobe, T.; Baba, H.; Xu, Z. Y.; Sakurai, H.; Sumikama, T.; Catford, W. N.; Bruce, A. M.; Browne, F.; Lane, G. J.; Kondev, F. G.; Odahara, A.; Wu, J.; Liu, H. L.; Xu, F. R.; Korkulu, Z.; Lee, P.; Liu, J. J.; Phong, V. H.; Yag, A.; Zhang, G. X.; Alharbi, T.; Carroll, R. J.; Chae, K. Y.; Dombradi, Zs.; Estrade, A.; Fukuda, N.; Griffin, C.; Ideguchi, E.; Inabe, N.; Kanaoka, H.; Kojouharov, I.; Kubo, T.; Kubono, S.; Kurz, N.; Kuti, I.; Lalkovski, S.; Lee, E. J.; Lee, C. S.; Lotay, G.; Moon, C. -B.; Nishizuka, I.; Nita, C. R.; Patel, Z.; Roberts, O. J.; Schaffner, H.; Shand, C. M.; Suzuki, H.; Takeda, H.; Terashima, S.; Vajta, Zs.; Yoshida, S.; Valiente-Dòbon, J. J.

    2017-11-01

    In-flight fission of a 345 MeV per nucleon 238U primary beam on a 2 mm thick 9Be target has been used to produce and study the decays of a range of neutron-rich nuclei centred around the doubly mid-shell nucleus 170Dy at the RIBF Facility, RIKEN, Japan. The produced secondary fragments of interest were identified event-by-event using the BigRIPS separator. The fragments were implanted into the WAS3ABI position sensitive silicon active stopper which allowed pixelated correlations between implants and their subsequent β-decay. Discrete γ-ray transitions emitted following decays from either metastable states or excited states populated following beta decay were identified using the 84 coaxial high-purity germanium (HPGe) detectors of the EURICA spectrometer, which was complemented by 18 additional cerium-doped lanthanum bromide (LaBr3) fast-timing scintillation detectors from the FATIMA collaboration. This paper presents the internal decay of a metastable isomeric excited state in the odd-odd nucleus 168Tb, which corresponds to a single proton-neutron hole configuration in the valence maximum nucleus 170Dy. These data represent the first information on excited states in this nucleus, which is the most neutron-rich odd-odd isotope of terbium (Z=65) studied to date. Nilsson configurations associated with an axially symmetric, prolate-deformed nucleus are proposed for the 168Tb ground state the observed isomeric state by comparison with Blocked BCS-Nilsson calculations.

  3. Determination of the cross section for (n,p) reaction with producing short-lived nuclei on the 162,163Dy isotopes at 13.5 and 14.8 MeV

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Luo, Junhua; Feng, Zhifu; An, Li; Jiang, Li; He, Long

    2016-01-01

    Activation cross-sections for the 162 Dy(n,p) 162 Tb and 163 Dy(n,p) 163 Tb reactions have been measured by means of the activation technique and a coaxial HPGe γ-ray detector at 13.5 and 14.8 MeV. The fast neutrons were produced via the 3 H(d,n) 4 He reaction on Pd-300 neutron generator. The natural high-purity Dy 2 O 3 powder was used as target material. Theoretical excitation functions were calculated using the nuclear-reaction codes EMPIRE-3.2 Malta and TALYS-1.6 with default parameters, at neutron energies varying from the reaction threshold to 20 MeV. The results were also discussed and compared with some corresponding values found in the literature, with the comprehensive evaluation data in ENDF/B-VII.1 and JENDF-4.0 libraries, and with the estimates obtained from a published empirical formula based on the statistical model with Q-value dependence and odd–even effects taken into consideration. - Highlights: • The cross sections for the 162 Dy(n,p) 162 Tb and 163 Dy(n,p) 163 Tb have been measured. • 93 Nb(n,2n) 92m Nb was used as a monitor for neutron fluence. • Codes TALYS-1.6 and EMPIRE-3.2 Malta were used to model the reactions. • The results were compared with previous data. • Inconsistency with previous data and with model calculations are noted.

  4. Phase equilibria in Dy-Cu-Al system at 500 deg C

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Kuz'ma, Yu.B.; Milyan, V.V.

    1989-01-01

    Using the methods of X-ray diffraction analysis a diagram of phase equilibria in Dy-Cu-Al system at 500 deg C is plotted. Boundaries of solid solutions on the basis of DyCu 2 , DyCu and DyAl 2 compounds are determined and homogeneity regions of ternary compounds Dy 2 (Cu, Al) 7 and Dy(CuAl) 5 are ascertained. Compounds DyCuAl 3 , Dy 4 Cu 4 Al 11 and Dy 5 Cu 6 Al 9 have been detected for the first time

  5. Shape coexistence in 153Ho

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Dey, Gautam; Sarkar, S.; Chakraborty, A.; Krishichayan; Ghugre, S.S.; Sinha, A.K.; Kshetri, Ritesh; Ray, I.; Ganguly, S.; Pradhan, M.K.; Raut, R.; Goswami, A.; Banerjee, P.; Mukherjee, A.; Bhattacharya, S.; Saha Sarkar, S.; Ray Basu, M.; Ganguly, G.; Ray, M.; Basu, S.K.

    2006-01-01

    The motivation for the present work are to firmly assign spins and parities of the excited levels and to investigate shape evolution in 153 Ho as expected phenomenologically from the level spectra and feeding patterns

  6. Room-temperature ferromagnetism in Dy films doped with Ni

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Edelman, I. [Kirensky Institute of Physics, Siberian Division, Russian Academy of Sciences, Akademgorodok, Krasnoyarsk 660036 (Russian Federation)], E-mail: ise@iph.krasn.ru; Ovchinnikov, S. [Kirensky Institute of Physics, Siberian Division, Russian Academy of Sciences, Akademgorodok, Krasnoyarsk 660036 (Russian Federation); Siberian Federal University, Av. Svobodnyi 71, Krasnoyarsk 660074 (Russian Federation); Markov, V.; Kosyrev, N.; Seredkin, V.; Khudjakov, A.; Bondarenko, G. [Kirensky Institute of Physics, Siberian Division, Russian Academy of Sciences, Akademgorodok, Krasnoyarsk 660036 (Russian Federation); Kesler, V. [Institute of Semiconductor Physics, Siberian Division, Russian Academy of Sciences, Av. Akademika Lavrent' eva 13, Novosibirsk 630090 (Russian Federation)

    2008-09-01

    Temperature, magnetic field and spectral dependences of magneto-optical effects (MOEs) in bi-layer films Dy{sub (1-x)}Ni{sub x}-Ni and Dy{sub (1-x)}(NiFe){sub x}-NiFe were investigated, x changes from 0 to 0.06. Peculiar behavior of the MOEs was revealed at temperatures essentially exceeding the Curie temperature of bulk Dy which is explained by the magnetic ordering of the Dy layer containing Ni under the action of two factors: Ni impurities distributed homogeneously over the whole Dy layer and atomic contact of this layer with continues Ni layer. The mechanism of the magnetic ordering is suggested to be associated with the change of the density of states of the alloy Dy{sub (1-x)}Ni{sub x} owing to hybridization with narrow peaks near the Fermi level character for Ni.

  7. Room-temperature ferromagnetism in Dy films doped with Ni

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Edelman, I.; Ovchinnikov, S.; Markov, V.; Kosyrev, N.; Seredkin, V.; Khudjakov, A.; Bondarenko, G.; Kesler, V.

    2008-01-01

    Temperature, magnetic field and spectral dependences of magneto-optical effects (MOEs) in bi-layer films Dy (1-x) Ni x -Ni and Dy (1-x) (NiFe) x -NiFe were investigated, x changes from 0 to 0.06. Peculiar behavior of the MOEs was revealed at temperatures essentially exceeding the Curie temperature of bulk Dy which is explained by the magnetic ordering of the Dy layer containing Ni under the action of two factors: Ni impurities distributed homogeneously over the whole Dy layer and atomic contact of this layer with continues Ni layer. The mechanism of the magnetic ordering is suggested to be associated with the change of the density of states of the alloy Dy (1-x) Ni x owing to hybridization with narrow peaks near the Fermi level character for Ni

  8. Detectemos la TB. Tratemos la TB. Trabajemos juntos para eliminar la TB. (Find TB. Treat TB. Working together to eliminate TB.)

    Centers for Disease Control (CDC) Podcasts

    2014-02-26

    Este podcast trata sobre el Día Mundial de la Tuberculosis y el tema de los CDC para el año 2014.  Created: 2/26/2014 by National Center for HIV/AIDS, Viral Hepatitis, STD, and TB Prevention (NCHHSTP).   Date Released: 2/26/2014.

  9. Electrical and magnetic transport properties of DyTiGe

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Dagula, W.; Tegus, O.; Li, X.W.; Zhang, L.; Brueck, E.; Boer, F.R. de; Buschow, K.H.J.

    2004-01-01

    Electrical resistivity and magnetoresistance of DyTiGe were investigated as a function of temperature and magnetic field. DyTiGe is an antiferromagnet with Neel temperature, T N , of 180 K. The electrical resistivity has an anomaly around T N . Below T N , the magnetoresistance of DyTiGe abruptly changes at a critical field. At 5 K, we observe a magnetoresistance reduction of about 20%

  10. Electrical transport and magnetic ordering in R2Ti3Ge4 (R = Dy, Ho ...

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    CCR) in the temperature range of 15 K–300 K. The ac magnetic susceptibility measurements were per- formed in a bath-type cryostat down to 4.2 K. The thermoelectric power was measured by employing conventional differential technique using ...

  11. Defective muscle basement membrane and lack of M-laminin in the dystrophic dy/dy mouse

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Xu, H; Christmas, P; Wu, X R

    1994-01-01

    -linked Duchenne and Becker muscular dystrophies. We have examined M-laminin expression in mice with autosomal recessive muscular dystrophy caused by the mutation dy. The heavy chain of M-laminin was undetectable in skeletal muscle, heart muscle, and peripheral nerve by immunofluorescence and immunoblotting......M-laminin is a major member of the laminin family of basement membrane proteins. It is prominently expressed in striated muscle and peripheral nerve. M-laminin is deficient in patients with the autosomal recessive Fukuyama congenital muscular dystrophy but is normal in patients with the sex...... tissue from dy/dy mice, suggesting that M-laminin heavy-chain mRNA may be produced at very low levels or is unstable. Information about the chromosomal localization of the M heavy-chain in human and mouse suggests that a mutation in the M-chain gene causes the muscular dystrophy in dy/dy mice. The dy...

  12. ILLICO-HO

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Ougouag, A.M.; Rajic, H.L.

    1988-01-01

    A self-consistent nodal method has been developed that directly computes the in-node flux shapes. The method renders the use of an approximation for the transverse leakages no longer necessary. These are obtained directly from the available interface net current shapes, interface flux shapes, and in-node fluxes. The order of the transverse leakage expansion on a set of Legendre polynomials is determined by the order chosen for the method. The results yielded are nearly as accurate (0.02% maximum relative assembly power error) as very fine-mesh benchmark solutions. A comprehensive numerical and analytical analysis of the transverse leakage approximation has been performed. It has been shown that the quadratic leakage approximation can be in error by many times its value. The success of the quadratic leakage approximation is attributed to its small effect on the nodal powers. The theory developed shows that the transverse leakages can have shapes that encompass hyperbolic sines and cosines, and hence that their approximation via quadratic expansions should not always be expected to be adequate. The ILLICO-HO method gives much more information (detailed fluxes and interface currents) than comparable finite difference as well as nodal benchmark solution methods

  13. Spectroscopy and microchip laser operation of Tm, Ho:KYW crystals with different Ho concentrations

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gusakova, N. V.; Kurilchik, S. V.; Yasukevich, A. S.; Kisel, V. E.; Dashkevich, V. I.; Orlovich, V. A.; Pavlyuk, A. A.; Vatnik, S. M.; Bagaev, S. N.; Kuleshov, N. V.

    2018-02-01

    The spectroscopic properties of Tm, Ho:KYW crystals with different Ho concentrations were investigated. The diode-pumped microchip laser operation of Tm (5 at.%), Ho (0.5 at.%):KYW and Tm (5 at.%), Ho (1 at.%):KYW was demonstrated. The highest, to our knowledge, output power of 480 mW with slope efficiency of 31% for CW Tm (5 at.%), Ho (0.5 at.%):KYW microchip laser was obtained.

  14. Litigation as TB Rights Advocacy

    Science.gov (United States)

    2016-01-01

    Abstract One thousand people die every day in India as a result of TB, a preventable and treatable disease, even though the Constitution of India, government schemes, and international law guarantee available, accessible, acceptable, quality health care. Failure to address the spread of TB and to provide quality treatment to all affected populations constitutes a public health and human rights emergency that demands action and accountability. As part of a broader strategy, health activists in India employ Public Interest Litigation (PIL) to hold the state accountable for rights violations and to demand new legislation, standards for patient care, accountability for under-spending, improvements in services at individual facilities, and access to government entitlements in marginalized communities. Taking inspiration from right to health PIL cases (PILs), lawyers in a New Delhi-based rights organization used desk research, fact-findings, and the Right To Information Act to build a TB PIL for the Delhi High Court, Sanjai Sharma v. NCT of Delhi and Others (2015). The case argues that inadequate implementation of government TB schemes violates the Constitutional rights to life, health, food, and equality. Although PILs face substantial challenges, this paper concludes that litigation can be a crucial advocacy and accountability tool for people living with TB and their allies. PMID:27781000

  15. High-spin structure of neutron-rich Dy isotopes

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    Neutron-rich Dy isotopes; high-spin states; g-factors; cranked HFB theory. ... for 164Dy marking a clear separation in the behaviour as a function of neutron ... cipal x-axis as the cranking axis) in this mass region we have planned to make a sys-.

  16. Effect of separated layer thickness on magnetoresistance and magnetic properties of Co/Dy/Co and Ni/Dy/Ni film systems

    Science.gov (United States)

    Shabelnyk, T. M.; Shutylieva, O. V.; Vorobiov, S. I.; Pazukha, I. M.; Chornous, A. M.

    2018-01-01

    Co(5 nm)/Dy(tDy)/Co(20 nm)/S and Ni(5 nm)/Dy(tDy)/Ni(20 nm)/S trilayer films are prepared by electron-beam sputtering to investigate the influence of dysprosium layer thickness (tDy) and thermal annealing on the crystal structure, magnetoresistance (MR) and magnetic properties of thin films. The thickness of Dy layer changed in the range from 1 nm to 20 nm. The samples annealed for 20 min at 700 K. Electron diffraction patterns reveal that the as-deposited and annealed systems Co/Dy/Co and Ni/Dy/Ni had fcc-Co + hcp-Dy and fcc-Ni + hcp-Dy phase state, respectively. It is also shown that at the tDy = 15 nm the transition from amorphous to crystalline structures of Dy layer is observed. An increase in the Dy layer thickness results in changes in the MR and magnetic properties of the trilayer systems. It is shown that MR is most thermally stable against annealing to 700 K at tDy = 15 nm for Co/Dy/Co as well as for Ni/Dy/Ni. For tDy = 15 nm the, value of MR for both system increases by two times compared to those of pure ferromagnetic (FM) samples. The coercivity (Bc), remanent (Mr) and saturation (Ms) magnetization of the in-plain magnetization hysteresis loops are related to the Dy layer thickness too. The coercivity depends on the FM materials type and diffusion processes at the layer boundary. Accordingly, Mr and Ms are reduced with tDy increasing before and after annealing for both trilayer systems.

  17. Energy levels of Ho3+ in HoCl63-

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Tanner, P.A.

    1987-01-01

    The 5 S 2 , 5 F 4 , 5 F 2 , 3 K 8 , 5 G 6 , 5 F 1 , 5 G 5 5 I 8 absorption spectra of Cs 2 NaHoCl 6 have been recorded at temperatures down to that of liquid helium and new assignments are made for the 5 S 2 , 5 F 4 , 3 K 8 and 5 G 5 terms of HoCl 6 3- . The 5 F 3 → 5 I 8 , 5 F 4 , 5 S 2 → 5 I 7 , 5 I 8 and 5 F 5 → 5 I 7 luminescence transitions of HoCl 6 3- in various elpasolite lattices are reported and assigned, together with luminescence decay measurements. Including the previously reported data, these results enable 57 of the first 60 crystal-field levels of HoCl 6 3- , comprising 14 Lsub(j) terms, to be firmly assigned and tentative assignments are made for the remaining three levels. The agreement between the calculated and observed crystal-field splittings is reasonable. (author)

  18. Biomarkers of latent TB infection

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Ruhwald, Morten; Ravn, Pernille

    2009-01-01

    For the last 100 years, the tuberculin skin test (TST) has been the only diagnostic tool available for latent TB infection (LTBI) and no biomarker per se is available to diagnose the presence of LTBI. With the introduction of M. tuberculosis-specific IFN-gamma release assays (IGRAs), a new area...... of in vitro immunodiagnostic tests for LTBI based on biomarker readout has become a reality. In this review, we discuss existing evidence on the clinical usefulness of IGRAs and the indefinite number of potential new biomarkers that can be used to improve diagnosis of latent TB infection. We also present...... early data suggesting that the monocyte-derived chemokine inducible protein-10 may be useful as a novel biomarker for the immunodiagnosis of latent TB infection....

  19. Crystal structure and magnetic state of pseudo-binary intermetallic compounds Ho(Cosub(1-x)Nisub(x))sub(5)

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Chuev, V.V.; Kelarev, V.V.; Pirogov, A.N.; Sidorov, S.K.; Koryakova, V.S.

    1983-01-01

    In the range of 1.8-1000 K intermetallic compounds Ho(Cosub(1-x)Nisub(x))sub(5) have been investigated neutronographically and roentgenographically. Crystal structure of two series of samples: HoCosub(5.5-5.5x)Nisub(5x) and HoCosub(5-5x)Nisub(5x) is studied. It is shown that Ni atoms mainly occupy positions 2c, Co atoms - positions 3g; coordinates of atoms and position occupation of TbCu 7 type structure are specified. Analysis of magnetic structure is made, angles of magnetic momenta orientation as to crystallographic axes are determined. Magnetic phase diagram is built. Concentrational dependences of sublattice magnetization: Msub(Ho)(x), Mdsub(2c)(x), Mdsub(3g)(x) are determined

  20. COLOR STABILITY OF NATURALLY DYED DENIM FABRICS

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    SUBTIRICA Adriana-Ioana

    2014-05-01

    Full Text Available The desire to colour textiles is as old as spinning and weaving. Natural dyes have been used since thousands of years for their long endurance, soft and elegant colours. But the invention of synthetic dyes has limited the application of natural dyes. The health hazards associated with the use of synthetic dyes and also the increased environmental awareness have revived the use of natural dyes during the recent years. The major performance characteristic of a dye is its ability to maintain the colour in normal use and is known as colorfastness. The study provides information regarding colour fastness properties of naturally dyed denim fabrics. Three vegetable materials were used for dyeing denim fabrics: Punica granatum (bark powder, Indigofera tinctoria (leave powder and Juglans regia (walnut dried shells. The results of the study indicated that using Walnut shells and Punica granatum deeper and more stable shades of colors are obtained in comparison with Indigofera Tinctoria dyed denim samples. All samples highlight a change in color in the sense of fading which has occurred to the highest extent when exposed to artificial light and washing. When tested against water, alkaline and acid perspiration, it is noticed that better results are obtained, and color change appear in a smaller extent.

  1. Search for and study of linking transitions between super- and normal deformed wells in the {sup 151}Tb nucleus; Recherche et etude de transitions de liaison entre les puits super- et normalement deformes dans le noyau {sup 151}Tb

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Robin, J

    2003-12-01

    While the superdeformation phenomenon has been observed many times in different mass regions, the excitation energy and angular momentum are not known for most of the superdeformed bands, mainly in the A {approx} 150 mass region. We have thus undertaken the search for and study of linking transitions between super and normal deformed potential wells in the Tb{sup 151} nucleus with the EUROBALL-IV spectrometer based at the subatomic research institute of Strasbourg. This nucleus presents the peculiarity of having an excited superdeformed band identical to the yrast one of Dy{sup 152}, which has recently been linked to normal deformed states. As the Dy{sup 152} nucleus exhibits a shape coexistence in the first potential well, we have also searched for collective rotational bands with prolate but moderate shape, coexisting with the oblate structure of Tb{sup 151}. The discovery of new superdeformed bands in the Tb{sup 151,152} isotopes, the extension to lower and higher spins of the previously known bands, and mean field calculations with a deformed Woods-Saxon potential have contributed to improve our knowledge as well as raise new questions on the orbitals configuration assignments of these bands. (author)

  2. Investigations of the magnetic properties in the pyrochlore Ho{sub 2}Ti{sub 2}O{sub 7}

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Schoenemann, Rico; Herrmannsdoerfer, Thomas; Green, Elizabeth Lauren; Wang, Zhaosheng; Wosnitza, Joachim [Dresden High Magnetic Field Laboratory, Helmholtz-Zentrum Dresden-Rossendorf, Dresden (Germany); Skrotzki, Richard [Dresden High Magnetic Field Laboratory, Helmholtz-Zentrum Dresden-Rossendorf, Dresden (Germany); Department of Chemistry and Food Chemistry, TU Dresden, Dresden (Germany); Kaneko, Hiroshi; Suzuki, Haruhiko [Faculty of Mathematics and Physics, Kanazawa University, Kanazawa (Japan)

    2013-07-01

    Pyrochlore compounds such as R{sub 2}Ti{sub 2}O{sub 7} (where R is Ho or Dy) have an highly degenerate ground state where the R{sup 3+} moments obey the ''ice rules''. This provides access to study extraordinary physical phenomena, like the formation of magnetic monopoles. Recent publications evidence monopoles which can be probed using high frequency (adiabatic) susceptibility measurements. We performed ac susceptibility measurements on a single-crystal Ho{sub 2}Ti{sub 2}O{sub 7} sample at low temperatures down to 30 mK and magnetic fields up to 14 T. Based on isothermal frequency sweeps we were able to determine spin relaxation rates. Both the real and imaginary parts of the temperature-dependent magnetic susceptibility measurements show the spins freezing below 1 K and provide insight into the magnetic-monopole density.

  3. TB in Children in the United States

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... Regimen for Latent TB Infection-Patient Education Brochure Posters Mantoux Tuberculin Skin Test Wall Chart World TB ... site? Adobe PDF file Microsoft PowerPoint file Microsoft Word file Microsoft Excel file Audio/Video file Apple ...

  4. Search for and study of linking transitions between super- and normal deformed wells in the 151Tb nucleus

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Robin, J.

    2003-12-01

    While the superdeformation phenomenon has been observed many times in different mass regions, the excitation energy and angular momentum are not known for most of the superdeformed bands, mainly in the A ∼ 150 mass region. We have thus undertaken the search for and study of linking transitions between super and normal deformed potential wells in the Tb 151 nucleus with the EUROBALL-IV spectrometer based at the subatomic research institute of Strasbourg. This nucleus presents the peculiarity of having an excited superdeformed band identical to the yrast one of Dy 152 , which has recently been linked to normal deformed states. As the Dy 152 nucleus exhibits a shape coexistence in the first potential well, we have also searched for collective rotational bands with prolate but moderate shape, coexisting with the oblate structure of Tb 151 . The discovery of new superdeformed bands in the Tb 151,152 isotopes, the extension to lower and higher spins of the previously known bands, and mean field calculations with a deformed Woods-Saxon potential have contributed to improve our knowledge as well as raise new questions on the orbitals configuration assignments of these bands. (author)

  5. Extensively Drug-Resistant TB

    Centers for Disease Control (CDC) Podcasts

    2016-12-16

    Dr. Charlotte Kvasnovsky, a surgery resident and Ph.D. candidate in biostatistics, discusses various types of drug resistance in TB patients in South Africa.  Created: 12/16/2016 by National Center for Emerging and Zoonotic Infectious Diseases (NCEZID).   Date Released: 12/16/2016.

  6. TB in Wild Asian Elephants

    Centers for Disease Control (CDC) Podcasts

    2017-05-10

    Dr. Susan Mikota, co-founder of Elephant Care International, discusses TB in wild Asian elephants.  Created: 5/10/2017 by National Center for Emerging and Zoonotic Infectious Diseases (NCEZID).   Date Released: 5/10/2017.

  7. Community Involvement in TB Research

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    M. van der Werf (Marloes); S.G. Heumann (Silke); E.M.H. Mitchell

    2011-01-01

    textabstractWhile communities at risk have been both drivers and partners in HIV research, their important role in TB research is yet to be fully realized. Involvement of communities in tuberculosis care and prevention is currently on the international agenda. This creates opportunities and

  8. Search for superdeformed bands in {sup 154}Dy

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Nisius, D.; Janssens, R.V.F.; Khoo, T.L. [and others

    1995-08-01

    The island of superdeformation in the vicinity of the doubly magic {sup 152}Dy yrast superdeformed (SD) band is thought to be well understood in the framework of cranked mean field calculations. In particular, the calculations suggested that in {sup 154}Dy there should be no yrast or near yrast SD minimum in the 40-60 h spin range, where SD bands in this mass region are thought to be {sup 153}Dy nucleus, it is populated. However, with the presence of five SD bands in the neighboring necessary to ascertain if the addition of one single neutron diminishes the importance of shell effects to the extent that superdeformation can no longer be sustained. In an experiment utilizing the increased resolving power of the early implementation phase of Gammasphere, the reaction {sup 122}Sn({sup 36}S,4n) at 165 MeV was employed to populate high spin states in {sup 154}Dy. In a four-day run with 36 detectors, over one billion triple and higher fold coincidence events were recorded. One new SD band was identified and was assigned to {sup 154}Dy. From comparisons with the Im{sup (2)} moments of inertia of the SD bands in {sup 152}Dy and {sup 153}Dy, a configuration based on (514)9/2{sup 2} neutrons coupled to the {sup 152}Dy SD core was proposed. One unexpected and as yet unexplained feature of this new SD band is that the transition energies are almost identical to those of an excited SD band in {sup 153}Dy. It is also worth noting that the feeding of the yrast states is similar to that achieved by the deexcitation from the ensemble of all entry states in the reaction. This observation emphasizes the statistical nature of the decay-out process. A paper reporting these results was accepted for publication.

  9. Measurement of 160Tb and 161Tb in nuclear forensics samples

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Jiang, J.; Davies, A.V.; Britton, R.E.

    2017-01-01

    160 Tb and 161 Tb are important radionuclides to measure when analysing a Nuclear Forensics sample. An analytical method for the measurement of both 160 Tb and 161 Tb was developed in this study. Terbium was separated and purified using exchange resin and TrisKem LN Resin. The purified fraction containing 160 Tb and 161 Tb was measured by gamma spectrometry and liquid scintillation counting. The counting efficiencies of 160 Tb and 161 Tb were determined using the CIEMAT/NIST efficiency tracing method. The LSC count rate ratio, R160 Tb /R161 Tb , on the reference date was determined by sequential counting and calculated using a custom script based on their half-lives. (author)

  10. Prospective use of soluble urokinase plasminogen activator receptor to screen TB co-infected with HIV patient among TB patient

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Tri Yudani Mardining Raras

    2017-10-01

    Conclusion: Plasma suPAR level of TB patients co-infected with HIV showed significantly difference from that of TB-AFB(+ patients suggested its potential to screen the TB/HIV among pulmonary TB-AFB(+ patients.

  11. Heightened vulnerability to MDR-TB epidemics after controlling drug-susceptible TB.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jason D Bishai

    2010-09-01

    Full Text Available Prior infection with one strain TB has been linked with diminished likelihood of re-infection by a new strain. This paper attempts to determine the role of declining prevalence of drug-susceptible TB in enabling future epidemics of MDR-TB.A computer simulation of MDR-TB epidemics was developed using an agent-based model platform programmed in NetLogo (See http://mdr.tbtools.org/. Eighty-one scenarios were created, varying levels of treatment quality, diagnostic accuracy, microbial fitness cost, and the degree of immunogenicity elicited by drug-susceptible TB. Outcome measures were the number of independent MDR-TB cases per trial and the proportion of trials resulting in MDR-TB epidemics for a 500 year period after drug therapy for TB is introduced.MDR-TB epidemics propagated more extensively after TB prevalence had fallen. At a case detection rate of 75%, improving therapeutic compliance from 50% to 75% can reduce the probability of an epidemic from 45% to 15%. Paradoxically, improving the case-detection rate from 50% to 75% when compliance with DOT is constant at 75% increases the probability of MDR-TB epidemics from 3% to 45%.The ability of MDR-TB to spread depends on the prevalence of drug-susceptible TB. Immunologic protection conferred by exposure to drug-susceptible TB can be a crucial factor that prevents MDR-TB epidemics when TB treatment is poor. Any single population that successfully reduces its burden of drug-susceptible TB will have reduced herd immunity to externally or internally introduced strains of MDR-TB and can experience heightened vulnerability to an epidemic. Since countries with good TB control may be more vulnerable, their self interest dictates greater promotion of case detection and DOTS implementation in countries with poor control to control their risk of MDR-TB.

  12. Faraday effect in γ-Dy2S3 and c-Dy2O3 paramagnetic crystals

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Shelykh, A.I.

    1987-01-01

    Studies of spectral and temperature dependences of Faraday effect in γ-Dy 2 S 3 and C-Dy 2 O 3 paramagnetic crystals are conducted. Paramagnetism of these crystals is brought about by Dy 3+ ions. Estimation of the effect of such factors as the value of paramagnetic ion concentration, width of the forbidden band, crystallochemical composition on magnetooptical effect in the considered compounds of dysprosium is carried out on the basis of the obtained experimental data and theoretical analysis. It is shown, that the Faraday effect in the considered compounds of dysprosium as well as the value of paramagnetic moment may be regarded rather accurately in free ion approximation

  13. Shape coexistence in 153Ho

    Science.gov (United States)

    Pramanik, Dibyadyuti; Sarkar, S.; Saha Sarkar, M.; Bisoi, Abhijit; Ray, Sudatta; Dasgupta, Shinjinee; Chakraborty, A.; Krishichayan, Kshetri, Ritesh; Ray, Indrani; Ganguly, S.; Pradhan, M. K.; Ray Basu, M.; Raut, R.; Ganguly, G.; Ghugre, S. S.; Sinha, A. K.; Basu, S. K.; Bhattacharya, S.; Mukherjee, A.; Banerjee, P.; Goswami, A.

    2016-08-01

    The high-spin states in 153Ho have been studied by the La57(20Ne139,6 n ) reaction at a projectile energy of 139 MeV at the Variable Energy Cyclotron Centre (VECC), Kolkata, India, utilizing an earlier campaign of the Indian National Gamma Array (INGA) setup. Data from γ -γ coincidence, directional correlation, and polarization measurements have been analyzed to assign and confirm the spins and parities of the levels. We have suggested a few additions and revisions of the reported level scheme of 153Ho. The RF-γ time difference spectra have been useful to confirm the half-life of an isomer in this nucleus. From the comparison of experimental and theoretical results, it is found that there are definite indications of shape coexistence in this nucleus. The experimental and calculated lifetimes of several isomers have been compared to follow the coexistence and evolution of shape with increasing spin.

  14. Neutron detection using Dy2O3 activation detectors

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Gomaa, M.A.; Mohamed, E.J.

    1979-01-01

    The aim of the present study is to examine the usefulness of Dy 2 O 3 not only as thermal neutron activation detector but also as a fast neutron detector. For thermal neutrons, the half life of 165 Dy is measured to be (141 +- 6) min, its response to thermal neutrons is (2.18 +- 0.01) cpm/ncm -2 s -1 for a 250 mg Dy 2 O 3 pellet. For fast neutrons the Dy 2 O 3 detector is placed within a 20 cm polyethylene sphere and its response is found to be (2.2 +- 0.1) cpm/ncm -2 s -1 for 4 MeV neutrons and (2.10 +- 0.04) cpm/ncm -2 s -1 for 14 MeV neutrons. For neutron dosimetry, its response is found to be (16.7 +- 0.4) cpm per mrem h -1 . (author)

  15. CaSO4: Dy + Teflon thermoluminescent dosemeters

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Campos, L.L.

    1986-01-01

    A pellet dosemeter of CaSO 4 : Dy + Teflon was developed at IPEN. CaSO 4 : Dy thermoluminescent phosphor, grown in the Dosimetric Materials Production Laboratory was chosen, due to its high sensitivity, ease of preparation and comparatively low cost. Pellets were produced by cold pressing and sintering a mixture of CaSO 4 : Dy and Teflon powders. Extensive work was done to study in detail all CaSO 4 : Dy pellets characteristics from the point of view of dosimetry with the purpose of introducing it in the routine use. A filter combination providing an energy independent response from 20 KeV to 1,25 MeV was obtained. The dosemeter consists of three pellets sealed between two thin plastic sheets and placed under plastic and lead filters. The combination of these tree filters allows the exposure as well as the energy determination of an unknown source. (Author) [pt

  16. A study of the structure of 162Dy through the (n,γ) and (n,e-) reactions

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Warner, D.D.; Shi, Z.R.; Gelletly, W.; Borner, H.G.; Hoyler, F.; Schreckenbach, K.; van Isacker, P.

    1987-01-01

    The level structure below 2 MeV in 162 Dy has been investigated using the 161 Dy(n,γ) 162 Dy and 161 Dy(n,e - ) 162 Dy reactions. The results for the positive parity excitations are discussed within the framework of an Interacting Boson Approximation (IBA-2) calculation. 7 refs., 1 fig., 1 tab

  17. TB control programmes: the challenges for Africa.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Harries, T

    1996-11-01

    Governmental neglect of tuberculosis (TB), inadequately managed and inaccurately designed TB control programs, population growth, and the HIV epidemic account for the resurgence of TB in sub-Saharan Africa. The World Health Organization and the International Union against TB and Lung Disease have developed a TB control strategy that aims to reduce mortality, morbidity, and transmission of TB. It aims for an 85% cure rate among detected new cases of smear-positive TB and a 70% rate of detecting existing smear-positive TB cases. The strategy involves the provision of short-course chemotherapy (SCC) to all identified smear-positive TB cases through directly observed treatment (DOTS). SCC treatment regimens for smear-positive pulmonary TB recommended for sub-Saharan African countries are: initial phase = daily administration over 2 months of streptomycin, rifampicin, isoniazid, and pyrazinamide; continuation phase = 3 doses over 4 months of isoniazid and rifampicin or daily administration of thiacetazone and isoniazid or of ethambutol and isoniazid. A TB control policy must be implemented to bring about effective TB control. The essential elements of this policy include political commitment, case detection through passive case-finding, SCC, a regular supply of essential drugs, and a monitoring and evaluation system. Political commitment involves establishing a National TB Control Program to be integrated into the existing health structure. Increased awareness of TB in the community and among health workers and a reference laboratory are needed to make case finding successful. A distribution and logistics system is needed to ensure uninterrupted intake of drugs throughout treatment. These regimens have been very successful and cost-effective but pose several disadvantages (e.g., heavy workload of recommended 3 sputum smear tests). A simplified approach involves 1 initial sputum smear for 6 months; 6-months, intermittent rifampicin-based therapy, 100% DOTS throughout

  18. Beta-delayed proton activities: 147Dy and 149Er

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Toth, K.S.; Moltz, D.M.; Schloemer, E.C.; Cable, M.D.; Avignone, F.T. III; Ellis-Akovali, Y.A.

    1984-01-01

    The present paper discusses mainly the β-delayed proton spectra of 147 Dy and of the hitherto unknown isotope, 149 Er. However, following the submittal of the abstract for this conference we have now observed delayed protons following the decay of 145 Dy. Additionally, we have identified a 0.5-s delayed-proton emitter and tentatively assign it to the new isotope, 151 Yb

  19. Superdeformed bands in /sup 150/Gd and /sup 151/Tb: Evidence for the influence of high-N intruder states at large deformations

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Fallon, P.; Alderson, A.; Bentley, M.A.; Bruce, A.M.; Forsyth, P.D.; Howe, D.; Roberts, J.W.; Sharpey-Schafer, J.F.; Twin, P.J.; Beck, F.A.

    1989-02-16

    Rotational bands, characteristic of a superdeformed prolate shape (epsilon approx. = 0.6) and extending to above spin 60 Planck constant, have been observed in both /sup 150/Gd and /sup 151/Tb. The magnitudes of the moments of inertia I/sup (2)/ were found to vary with frequency and the variation greatly exceeded that seen in /sup 148,149/Gd and /sup 151,152/Dy. The differences in the I/sup (2)/'s are attributed to the occupation of particular high-N orbitals. Moreover, contrary to the previous examples the bands in both /sup 150/Gd and /sup 151/Tb de-excited at a much higher rotational frequency of Planck constant..omega.. approx. = 0.4 MeV and this may indicate that the pair gap extends to higher frequencies in /sup 150/Gd and /sup 151/Tb.

  20. Decay of /sup 160/Tb

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Hasiza, M L; Singh, K; Sahota, H S

    1982-07-01

    The (1312-87) keV, (299-966) keV and (299-879+966) keV cascades have been investigated. It is found that 1312 keV transition is E1 + 1.22 +- 0.97 percent M2. The mixing ratio of 299 keV transition has been obtained as -0.0175 <= deltasub(1) <= -0.0350 and 0.0005 Dy is proposed to belong to K=2 band. From t/sup 2/elambdasub(4)/lambdasub(2) ratio, the interaction of long half-life of 87 keV level is found to be of mixed character. 11 refs.

  1. Magnetic excitations in Ho2Co17 and Ho2Fe17

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Clausen, K.N.

    1981-01-01

    The low energy part ( 2 Co 17 and Ho 2 Fe 17 have been measured along the three high symmetry directions at a temperature of 4.2 K, using the inelastic neutron scattering technique. The resulting magnon dispersion relations have been interpreted using linear spin wave theory with a Hamiltonian including single ion crystal field anisotropy and isotropic exchange between spatially well localized spins. The R 2 T 17 structure contains two different Ho sites, with the same point symmetry, and from the spin wave results it was concluded that the crystal field anisotropy of the two Ho sites in both Ho 2 Co 17 and Ho 2 Fe 17 were identical. The deduced crystal field parameters for Ho 2 Fe 17 were slightly larger than for Ho 2 Co 17 , and the parameters were of the same order of magnitude as for pure Ho. For Ho 2 Fe 17 the Fe-Fe exchange was found to be anisotropic, and for both compounds the magnetic ordering temperatures of 1178 K for Ho 2 Co 17 and 335 K for Ho 2 Fe 17 were determined by the strong positive 3d-3d exchange. (Auth.)

  2. Effects of 3d-4f magnetic exchange interactions on the dynamics of the magnetization of Dy(III)-M(II)-Dy(III) trinuclear clusters.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Pointillart, Fabrice; Bernot, Kevin; Sessoli, Roberta; Gatteschi, Dante

    2007-01-01

    [{Dy(hfac)(3)}(2){Fe(bpca)(2)}] x CHCl(3) ([Dy(2)Fe]) and [{Dy(hfac)(3)}(2){Ni(bpca)(2)}]CHCl(3) ([Dy(2)Ni]) (in which hfac(-)=1,1,1,5,5,5-hexafluoroacetylacetonate and bpca(-)=bis(2-pyridylcarbonyl)amine anion) were synthesized and characterized. Single-crystal X-ray diffraction shows that [Dy(2)Fe] and [Dy(2)Ni] are linear trinuclear complexes. Static magnetic susceptibility measurements reveal a weak ferromagnetic exchange interaction between Ni(II) and Dy(III) ions in [Dy(2)Ni], whereas the use of the diamagnetic Fe(II) ion leads to the absence of magnetic exchange interaction in [Dy(2)Fe]. Dynamic susceptibility measurements show a thermally activated behavior with the energy barrier of 9.7 and 4.9 K for the [Dy(2)Fe] and [Dy(2)Ni] complexes, respectively. A surprising negative effect of the ferromagnetic exchange interaction has been found and has been attributed to the structural conformation of these trinuclear complexes.

  3. Why healthcare workers are sick of TB

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Arne von Delft

    2015-03-01

    Full Text Available Dr Thato Mosidi never expected to be diagnosed with tuberculosis (TB, despite widely prevalent exposure and very limited infection control measures. The life-threatening diagnosis of primary extensively drug-resistant TB (XDR-TB came as an even greater shock. The inconvenient truth is that, rather than being protected, Dr Mosidi and thousands of her healthcare colleagues are at an increased risk of TB and especially drug-resistant TB. In this viewpoint paper we debunk the widely held false belief that healthcare workers are somehow immune to TB disease (TB-proof and explore some of the key factors contributing to the pervasive stigmatization and subsequent non-disclosure of occupational TB. Our front-line workers are some of the first to suffer the consequences of a progressively more resistant and fatal TB epidemic, and urgent interventions are needed to ensure the safety and continued availability of these precious healthcare resources. These include the rapid development and scale-up of improved diagnostic and treatment options, strengthened infection control measures, and focused interventions to tackle stigma and discrimination in all its forms. We call our colleagues to action to protect themselves and those they care for.

  4. Promising therapy of XDR-TB/MDR-TB with thioridazine an inhibitor of bacterial efflux pumps

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Amaral, L; Martins, M; Viveiros, M

    2008-01-01

    -TB) - a M. tuberculosis organism that is resistant to the most effective second line drugs available for the treatment of TB. This review provides detailed, significant evidence that supports the use of an old neuroleptic compound, thioridazine (TZ), for the management of MDR-TB and XDR-TB infections...... therapy predictably ineffective and death is inevitable, compassionate therapy with TZ should be contemplated. The risks are small and the rewards great....

  5. Clinical trial of {sup 166}Ho-CHICO in the treatment of rheumatoid knee synovitis

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Kim, S. Y.; Yoo, D. H.; Bae, S. C.; Lee, I. H.; Jung, S. S.; Jun, J. B.; Kim, T. H.; Kim, S. S. [Hanyang Univ., Seoul (Korea)

    2000-03-01

    The untreated, chronic synovial inflammation leads to pannus formation and eventual destruction of the articular cartilage. In cases where medical therapy was unsuccessful, surgical of radiation synovectomy over surgical synovectomy are (1) greater destruction of diseased synovium, (2) reduced Potential for blood clots and infection, (3) no requirement for anesthesia, and (4) less costly and less time consuming. Recently KAERI developed Dy-165 HMA, which was characterized by the absence of iron and a higher concentration of dysprosium. And then more recently KAERI also developed {sup 16H}o-CHICO, which was characterized by relatively longer half-life (26.8 hr), more biological due to organic nature of chitosan, more even spatial distribution due to colloidal solution, and more absorbable to synovium than Dy-165 HMA. These long-term follow-up results indicate that the {sup 166}Ho-CHICO is an effective and safe agent for radiation synovectomy for knee synovitis in patients with rheumatoid arthritis as well as the other chronic arthritides. But further large scaled and controlled study are required. 16 refs. (Author)

  6. Posouzení stability kotevního systému

    OpenAIRE

    Krško, Matúš

    2012-01-01

    Bakalárska práca je zameraná na problematiku stability kotevného systému. Teoretická časť sa zaoberá rozdelením a technológiou výstavby kotvených stien a poruchovými stavmi, ktoré môžu nastať. Ďalej sú predstavené metódy na posúdenie vnútornej stability systému. Vo výpočtovej časti sú tieto metódy aplikované na vzorový príklad. V závere práce sú získané výsledky vyhodnotené. Bachelor´s thesis is focused on stability of anchored system. Theoretical part deals with various types of anchored ...

  7. Purification and characterization of two DyP isozymes from Thanatephorus cucumeris Dec 1 specifically expressed in an air-membrane surface bioreactor.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Shimokawa, Takuya; Shoda, Makoto; Sugano, Yasushi

    2009-02-01

    DyP isozymes (DyP2 and DyP3) from the culture fluid of the fungus Thanatephorus cucumeris Dec 1 by air-membrane surface bioreactor were purified and characterized. The characteristics of DyP2 were almost the same as those of a recombinant DyP reported previously, but different from DyP3.

  8. AN ELISA ASSAY FOR HEME OXYGENASE (HO-1)

    Science.gov (United States)

    An ELISA assay for heme oxygenase (HO-l ) Abstract A double antibody capture ELISA for the HO-l protein has been developed to separately quantitate HO-I protein. The use of 2.5% NP40 detergent greatly assists in freeing HO-l protein from membranes and/or other cel...

  9. Stop TB in My Lifetime: A Call for a World Free of TB - World TB Day 2013

    Centers for Disease Control (CDC) Podcasts

    2012-03-12

    In this podcast Dr. Kenneth Castro, Director of the Division of Tuberculosis Elimination, discusses World TB Day, the 2013 slogan and theme.  Created: 3/12/2012 by National Center for HIV/AIDS, Viral Hepatitis, STD, and TB Prevention (NCHHSTP).   Date Released: 3/13/2012.

  10. The association between ARV and TB drug resistance on TB treatment outcome among Kazakh TB/HIV patients.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mishkin, Kathryn; Alaei, Kamiar; Alikeyeva, Elmira; Paynter, Christopher; Aringazina, Altyn; Alaei, Arash

    2018-02-26

    TB drug resistance poses a serious threat to the public health of Kazakhstan. This paper presents findings related to TB treatment outcome and drug resistant status among people coinfected with HIV and TB in Kazakhstan. Cohort study using data were provided by the Kazakhstan Ministry of Health's National Tuberculosis Program for 2014 and 2015. Chi-square and logistical regression were performed to understand factors associated with drug resistant TB status and TB treatment outcome. In bivariate analysis, drug resistant status was significantly associated with year of TB diagnosis (p=0.001) viral load (p=0.03). TB treatment outcome was significantly associated with age at diagnosis (p=01), ARV treatment (p <0.0001), and TB drug resistant status (p=0.02). In adjusted analysis, drug resistance was associated with increased odds of successful completion of treatment with successful result compared to treatment failure (OR 6.94, 95% CI: 1.39-34.44) CONCLUSIONS: Our results suggest that being drug resistant is associated with higher odds of completing treatment with successful outcome, even when controlling for receipt of ARV therapy. Copyright © 2018. Published by Elsevier Ltd.

  11. Improving the diagnosis of pulmonary tuberculosis in HIV-infected individuals in Ho Chi Minh City, Viet Nam.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Nguyen, D T M; Hung, N Q; Giang, L T; Dung, N H; Lan, N T N; Lan, N N; Yen, N T B; Bang, N D; Ngoc, D V; Trinh, L T T; Beasley, R P; Ford, C E; Hwang, L-Y; Graviss, E A

    2011-11-01

    District 6, An Hoa Clinic in Ho Chi Minh City (HCMC), Viet Nam. To evaluate the performance of various algorithms in tuberculosis (TB) screening and diagnosis in a human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infected population in HCMC, Viet Nam. A cross-sectional study of 397 consecutive HIV-infected patients seeking care at the An Hoa Clinic from August 2009 to June 2010. Data on participant demographics, clinical status, chest radiography (CXR) and laboratory results were collected. A multiple logistic regression model was developed to assess the association of covariates and pulmonary TB (PTB). The prevalence of sputum culture-confirmed PTB, acid-fast bacilli (AFB) positive TB, and multidrugresistant TB among the 397 HIV-infected patients was respectively 7%, 2%, and 0.3%. Adjusted odds ratios for low CD4+ cell count, positive sputum smear, and CXR to positive sputum culture were respectively 3.17, 32.04 and 4.28. Clinical findings alone had poor sensitivity, but combining CD4+ cell count, AFB sputum smear and CXR had a more accurate diagnostic performance. Results suggest that symptom screening had poor clinical performance, and support the routine use of sputum culture to improve the detection of TB disease in HIV-infected individuals in Viet Nam. However, when routine sputum culture is not available, an algorithm combining CD4+ cell count, AFB sputum smear and CXR is recommended for diagnosing PTB.

  12. Ferromagnetic and paramagnetic magnetization of implanted GaN:Ho,Tb,Sm,Tm films

    Czech Academy of Sciences Publication Activity Database

    Maryško, Miroslav; Hejtmánek, Jiří; Laguta, Valentyn; Sofer, Z.; Sedmidubský, D.; Šimek, P.; Veselý, M.; Mikulics, M.; Buchal, C.; Macková, Anna; Malinský, Petr; Wilhelm, R. A.

    2015-01-01

    Roč. 117, č. 17 (2015), "17B907-1"-"17B907-4" ISSN 0021-8979 R&D Projects: GA ČR GA13-20507S; GA ČR(CZ) GBP108/12/G108; GA MŠk LM2011019 Institutional support: RVO:68378271 ; RVO:61389005 Keywords : magnetic field, * ferromagnetic and paramagnetic magnetization Subject RIV: BM - Solid Matter Physics ; Magnetism Impact factor: 2.101, year: 2015

  13. Some kinetic properties of DySnSe2 combination

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Murguzov, M.I.; Mammadova, E.R.

    2008-01-01

    Recently, to the acquisition of multi-component alloys and combination in the presence of rare-earth metals (REM) interest has grown considerably. According to preliminary data, in the presence of rare-earth metals you can obtain perspective semiconductor materials which are of practical importance, and can be used in various fields of microelectronics in a complex system of chalcogenides. DySnSe 2 combination is also includes to this system. Physical peculiarities of these combinations have been studied in wide interval. DySnSe 2 combination crystallizes in ortho rhombic crystal system and is an indemnification n-type semiconductor material. The mechanism of electrical conductivity in DySnSe 2 semiconductor combination is complicated and cargo carrier scattering changes at low temperatures. That is why, the mixed type conductivity occurs

  14. Surface magnetic phase transitions in Dy/Lu superlattices

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Goff, J.P.; Sarthour, R.S.; Micheletti, C.; Langridge, S.; Wilkins, C.J.T.; Ward, R.C.C.; Wells, M.R.

    1999-01-01

    Dy/Lu superlattices comprising ferromagnetic Dy blocks coupled antiferromagnetically across the Lu blocks may be modelled as a chain of XY spins with antiferromagnetic exchange and six-fold anisotropy. We have calculated the stable magnetic phases for the cases of large anisotropy and a field applied along an easy direction. For an infinite chain an intermediate phase (1, 5,...) is predicted, where the notation gives the angle between the moment and the applied field in units of π/3. Furthermore, the effects of surface reconstruction are determined for finite chains. A [Dy 20 Lu 12 ] 20 superlattice has been studied using bulk magnetization and polarized neutron reflectivity. The (1, 5,...) phase has been identified and the results provide direct evidence in support of the theoretical predictions. Dipolar forces are shown to account for the magnitude of the observed exchange coupling. (Copyright (c) 1999 Elsevier Science B.V., Amsterdam. All rights reserved.)

  15. Návrh výroby chytrého stojanu s využitím moderních metod a technologií

    OpenAIRE

    Buchta, Juraj

    2017-01-01

    Cieľom bakalárskej práce je návrh, konštrukcia a výroba chytrého stojanu pre laptop Macbook Pro s využitím modernej aditívnej technológie Rapid Prototyping. Návrh je vytvorený pomocou parametrického CAD programu SolidWorks. Model stojana je vytlačený na 3D tlačiarni Fortus, ktorá pracuje na princípe aditívnej metódy Fused Deposition Modeling. Práca je ukončená ekonomickým zhodnotením celkových nákladov na výrobu a cenovým zrovnaním stojanov dostupných na trhu. The aim of bachelor´s thesis ...

  16. Extensively Drug-Resistant Tuberculosis (XDR TB)

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... TB Reference Laboratory Network, the National TB Surveillance System in the United States, the national reference laboratory of South Korea, and ... capacity in the U.S. and abroad; and Developing education, risk, and media communications ... – United States, 1993–2006 CDC. CDC’s Role in Preventing XDR ...

  17. TB Testing for People Living with HIV

    Centers for Disease Control (CDC) Podcasts

    2012-07-23

    Dr. Kenneth Castro, Director of the Division of Tuberculosis Elimination, explains why it is important for people living with HIV to be tested for TB.  Created: 7/23/2012 by National Center for HIV/AIDS, Viral Hepatitis, STD, and TB Prevention (NCHHSTP).   Date Released: 7/23/2012.

  18. The Calculation of Ho Production by indirect Method and Preparation of Polymeric Microsphere for Radioembolisation

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Choi, K. H.; Kim, J. B.; Park, U. J.; Cho, E. H.; Nam, S. S.; Yoo, K. M.; Jang, K. D. [KAERI, Daejeon (Korea, Republic of)

    2016-05-15

    The reactor-produced radiolanthanides have been essential for development of therapeutic radiopharmaceuticals because they emit proper beta energies to induce tumor necrosis. Some radiolanthanides are very useful in that they have the ability of simultaneous diagnosis and therapeutic effect. This nuclide with both capacities is called as theranostic nuclide. In general, radiolanthanides can be produced by (n,γ) and (n,γ)β reaction. Of the two reactions, (n,γ)β reaction-product, shows high specific activity which is important things to affect labeling yield, is suitable for preparing the radiophamaceuticals comprising the antibody or peptide. Some radiolanthanides show the good theranostic effect in that they have proper LET (Linear Energy Transfer) to induce apoptosis for cancer and gamma ray to use as a tracer for cancer diagnosis. Although Ho-166 has been studied for therapeutic purpose since early 1990, production has been limited to direct method. To inject Dy/Ho mixture into the microsphere, we first set-up the concepts which are prior metal-administration method and posterior administration method. The latter is shown in this paper. Metal inletting process was done by using alternating between vacuum and pressurization. To prevent the leak of metal ions from metal/microsphere hybrid, surface coating was done by using interfacial reaction between saline and THF contained Poly lactic acid. Surface coating is simply completed just swiveling the vial. All experiments in this study, we just only tested with cold state.

  19. Modification of magnetoresistance and magnetic properties of Ni thin films by adding Dy interlayer

    Science.gov (United States)

    Vorobiov, S. I.; Shabelnyk, T. M.; Shutylieva, O. V.; Pazukha, I. M.; Chornous, A. M.

    2018-03-01

    The paper reports the influence of dysprosium (Dy) interlayer addition on structure, magnetoresistance and magnetic properties of nickel (Ni) thin films. Trilayer film systems Ni/Dy/Ni have been prepared by alternate electron-beam evaporation. It is demonstrated that all as-prepared and annealed Ni thin films have face-centered cubic structure. The composition of the samples after addition of the Dy interlayer corresponds to the combination of face-centered cubic (Ni) and hexagonal close-packed (Dy) structures. The structure of Ni/Dy/Ni film systems changes from amorphous to polycrystalline when Dy interlayer thickness (t Dy) is more than 15 nm. The value of magnetoresistance increases with the adding the Dy interlayer in both longitudinal and transverse geometries, meanwhile the anisotropic character of magnetoresistance field dependences retained. The saturation and reversal magnetizations are reduced with the increasing of the Dy thickness interlayer, while the coercivity takes the minimum value at t Dy = 15 nm. The following increasing of t Dy leads to increasing of coercivity near to three times. This result indicates the influence of the crystal structure on the magnetic properties of Ni thin films at adding Dy interlayer.

  20. New orthorhombic derivative of CaCu{sub 5}-type structure: RNi{sub 4}Si compounds (R=Y, La, Ce, Sm, Gd–Ho), crystal structure and some magnetic properties

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Morozkin, A.V., E-mail: morozkin@general.chem.msu.ru [Department of Chemistry, Moscow State University, Leninskie Gory, House 1, Building 3, GSP-2, Moscow 119992 (Russian Federation); Knotko, A.V. [Department of Chemistry, Moscow State University, Leninskie Gory, House 1, Building 3, GSP-2, Moscow 119992 (Russian Federation); Yapaskurt, V.O. [Department of Petrology, Geological Faculty, Moscow State University, Leninskie Gory, Moscow 119992 (Russian Federation); Yuan, Fang; Mozharivskyj, Y. [Department of Chemistry and Chemical Biology, McMaster University, 1280 Main Street West, Hamilton, Ontario, Canada L8S 4M1 (Canada); Nirmala, R. [Indian Institute of Technology Madras, Chennai 600036 (India)

    2013-12-15

    The crystal structure of new YNi{sub 4}Si-type RNi{sub 4}Si (R=Y, La, Ce, Sm, Gd–Ho) compounds has been established using powder X-ray diffraction. The YNi{sub 4}Si structure is a new structure type, which is orthorhombic derivative of CaCu{sub 5}-type structure (space group Cmmm N 65, oC12). GdNi{sub 4}Si and DyNi{sub 4}Si compounds order ferromagnetically at 25 and 19 K, respectively whereas YNi{sub 4}Si shows antiferromagnetic nature. At 15 K, DyNi{sub 4}Si shows second antiferromagnetic-like transition. The magnetic moment of GdNi{sub 4}Si at 5 K in 50 kOe field is ∼7.2 μ{sub B}/f.u. suggesting a completely ordered ferromagnetic state. The magnetocaloric effect of GdNi{sub 4}Si is calculated in terms of isothermal magnetic entropy change and it reaches the maximum value of −12.8 J/kg K for a field change of 50 kOe near T{sub C} ∼25 K. - Graphical abstract: The RNi{sub 4}Si (R=Y, La, Ce, Sm, Gd–Ho) compounds crystallize in new YNi{sub 4}Si-type structure which is orthorhombic derivative of the basic CaCu{sub 5}-type structure. GdNi{sub 4}Si and DyNi{sub 4}Si compounds show the ferromagnetic-like ordering, whereas.YNi{sub 4}Si has the antiferromagnetic nature. The GdNi{sub 4}Si demonstrates the big magnetocaloric effect near temperature of ferromagnetic ordering. The relationship between initial CaCu{sub 5}-type DyNi{sub 5} and YNi{sub 4}Si-type DyNi{sub 4}Si lattices.

  1. Optical properties of Dy3+ doped yttrium aluminium borate

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Vazquez, R MartInez; Osellame, R; Marangoni, M; Ramponi, R; Dieguez, E; Ferrari, M; Mattarelli, M

    2004-01-01

    A Dy 3+ doped yttrium aluminium borate (Dy:YAB) crystal has been optically characterized. The refractive indices at seven different wavelengths, ranging from the visible to the near infrared (IR), have been measured and the Sellmeier curves have been calculated. The polarized optical absorption spectra have been obtained at room temperature, and the Judd-Ofelt parameters have been calculated. The lifetime of the upper laser level 4 F 9/2 has been estimated and compared with the experimental value. Evidence of high luminescence quantum efficiency of the 4 F 9/2 state in YAB is provided by measured lifetimes

  2. Phosphors doped with Dy3+ and Gd3+ for lighting

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Su, Q; Pei, Z.; Zeng, Q.; Chi, L.

    1998-01-01

    Full text: Some heavy lanthanide ions with even atomic number such as Dy 3+ and Gd 3+ are abundant in the ion adsorption type deposit of China. Their price is cheap and they have specific spectroscopic properties which can be used as phosphors. Dy 3i on has two dominant bands in the emission spectrum. The yellow band (575 nm) corresponds to the hypersensitive transition 4 F 9/2 → 6 H 13/2 (ΔL=2, ΔJ=2), and the blue band (485 nm) corresponds to the 4 F 9/2 → 6 H 15/2 transition. Factors which influence on the yellow- to-blue intensity ratio (Y/B) were investigated. Adjusting to a suitable Y/B, Dy 3+ will emit white light with high colour temperature and can be used for lighting. But Dy 3+ ion has only narrow excitation bands of f-f transitions ranging from 300-500 nm, no broad excitation band such as charge transfer band or f-d transition band exists in the UV region 200-300 nm. Hence its luminescent efficiency is low when it is excited by UV radiation emitted from the mercury plasma. This is one of the drawbacks to its use as lamp phosphor. However, this can be overcome by sensitisation with Gd 3+ , Pb 2+ or other sensitisers such as vanadate shown in this report. Gd 3+ is not only a good matrix, but also a good sensitiser. Using its 8 S 7/2 → 6 D, 6 I and 6 P transitions, the UV excitation energy can be absorbed and transferred to the activator such as Dy 3+ . Therefore, in some cases Gd 3+ is better than Y 3+ which is optical inert as a matrix. For the phosphor Ca 1.96 Pb 0.04 RE 7.9 Dy 0.1 (SiO 4 ) 6 O 2 prepared by sol-gel method, the intensity of Dy 3+ in the Gd 3+ compound (RE=Gd 3+ ) is six times that in the Y 3+ compound. Some new phosphors doped with Dy 3+ and Gd 3+ prepared in our laboratory are reported

  3. Environmental monitoring by CaSO4:Dy TL dosimeters

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Deme, S.; Szabo, P.P.

    1975-12-01

    The thermoluminescent dosimeters of high sensitivity are useful for monitoring the area near nuclear installations. CaSO 4 :Dy TL dosimeters have high sensitivity and low fading so that by means of them the dose from the background can be measured with an accuracy of 10-20%. An increase of 2 mR in the background can be observed and doses as high as 1000R can be registered with an accuracy of 5%. The measuring method and results are reported here. For two years these CaSO 4 :Dy dosimeters have been successfully used at the site of the Central Research Institute for Physics. (K.A.)

  4. Understanding social context on TB cases

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ariyanto, Y.; Wati, D. M.

    2017-01-01

    Tuberculosis (TB) nowadays still becomes one of the world’s deadliest communicable disease. More than half were in South-East Asia and Western Pacific Regions, including Indonesia. As developing country, Indonesia remains classic problems in overcoming TB, that is discontinuation on treatment. Most of discontinuation on treatment among TB patients are affected by diagnostic delay that caused by patient delay. These phenomena occur in many areas, rural to suburb, coastal to plantation, and so on, and they are related with social context among community that could be social capital for each community to deal with TB. Jember as one of county in East Java is known as plantation area. It also has a high prevalence of TB. This study focused on understanding about social context among community, especially on plantation area. This cross-sectional study involved in three districts of Jember, those are Tanggul, Pakusari, and Kalisat. The data were obtained directly from the TB patients, local community, and Primary Health Care (PHC) where the patients recorded. Spatial analysis and social network analysis (SNA) were applied to obtain health seeking behavior pattern among the TB patients coincide the community. Most of TB patients had already chosen health professionals to lead the treatment, although some of them remained to choose self-medication. Meanwhile, SNA showed that religious leader was considered as main part of countermeasures of TB. But they didn’t ever become central figures. So it can be concluded that there are other parts among community who can contribute due to combatting on TB.

  5. HIV/TB co-infection:perspectives of TB patients and providers on the integrated HIV/TB pilot program in Tamilnadu, India

    OpenAIRE

    Lakshminarayanan, Mahalakshmi

    2009-01-01

    The WHO recommends routine HIV testing among TB patients as a key strategy to combat the dual HIV/TB epidemic. India has integrated its HIV and TB control programs and is offering provider initiated HIV testing for all TB patients since 2007. Using a mixed methods approach, this study aims to understand the perspectives of TB patients and providers on the integrated HIV/TB pilot program in Tamilnadu, India. A survey conducted by the Tuberculosis Research Center, India on 300 TB patients is th...

  6. Reaction rate constant of HO2+O3 measured by detecting HO2 from photofragment fluorescence

    Science.gov (United States)

    Manzanares, E. R.; Suto, Masako; Lee, Long C.; Coffey, Dewitt, Jr.

    1986-01-01

    A room-temperature discharge-flow system investigation of the rate constant for the reaction 'HO2 + O3 yields OH + 2O2' has detected HO2 through the OH(A-X) fluorescence produced by photodissociative excitation of HO2 at 147 nm. A reaction rate constant of 1.9 + or - 0.3 x 10 to the -15th cu cm/molecule per sec is obtained from first-order decay of HO2 in excess O3; this agrees well with published data.

  7. Unexpected structure in the E2 quasicontinuum spectrum of 154Dy

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Holzmann, R.; Khoo, T.L.; Ma, W.C.

    1988-01-01

    The evolution of the γ quasicontinuum spectrum with neutron number has been investigated in the sequence of dysprosium isotopes /sup 152,154,156/Dy. The three nuclei display a pronounced collective E2 component. In 154 Dy this component shows an unexpected splitting into two distinct parts, signifying a structural change along the γ cascade. The E2 and statistical components can be reproduced in simple γ cascade calculations; in 152 Dy and 156 Dy only rotational bands were included, whereas in 154 Dy additional vibration-like transitions were required to reproduce the two E2 peaks. 11 refs., 2 figs

  8. Mechanical and corrosion properties of binary Mg–Dy alloys for medical applications

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Yang Lei; Huang Yuanding; Peng Qiuming; Feyerabend, Frank; Kainer, Karl Ulrich; Willumeit, Regine; Hort, Norbert

    2011-01-01

    Microstructure, mechanical and corrosion properties of binary magnesium–dysprosium (Mg-5, 10, 15, 20 wt.% Dy) alloys were investigated for medical applications. In the as-cast condition, the distribution of Dy is quite inhomogeneous. Mg–10Dy alloy exhibits a moderate tensile and compression yield strength, and the best elongation and corrosion resistance. After T4 (solutionizing) treatment, the distribution of Dy becomes homogeneous. The tensile and compression yield strength of all Mg–Dy alloys decreases. The elongation remains unchanged, while the corrosion resistance is largely improved after T4 treatment.

  9. Mechanical and corrosion properties of binary Mg-Dy alloys for medical applications

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Yang Lei, E-mail: lei.yang@hzg.de [Helmholtz-Zentrum Geesthacht, Institute of Materials Research, Max-Planck-Str. 1, D-21502 Geesthacht (Germany); Yuanding, Huang; Qiuming, Peng; Feyerabend, Frank; Kainer, Karl Ulrich; Willumeit, Regine; Hort, Norbert [Helmholtz-Zentrum Geesthacht, Institute of Materials Research, Max-Planck-Str. 1, D-21502 Geesthacht (Germany)

    2011-12-15

    Microstructure, mechanical and corrosion properties of binary magnesium-dysprosium (Mg-5, 10, 15, 20 wt.% Dy) alloys were investigated for medical applications. In the as-cast condition, the distribution of Dy is quite inhomogeneous. Mg-10Dy alloy exhibits a moderate tensile and compression yield strength, and the best elongation and corrosion resistance. After T4 (solutionizing) treatment, the distribution of Dy becomes homogeneous. The tensile and compression yield strength of all Mg-Dy alloys decreases. The elongation remains unchanged, while the corrosion resistance is largely improved after T4 treatment.

  10. Properties of Excited States in the 160 Dy Nucleus

    Czech Academy of Sciences Publication Activity Database

    Adam, Jindřich; Honusek, Milan; Dobeš, Jan

    2005-01-01

    Roč. 32, - (2005), s. 181-203 ISSN 1310-0157 R&D Projects: GA MŠk 1P04LA213 Institutional research plan: CEZ:AV0Z10480505 Keywords : 160Dy nucles Subject RIV: BG - Nuclear, Atomic and Molecular Physics , Colliders

  11. Bulk study of a DyNiAl single crystal

    Czech Academy of Sciences Publication Activity Database

    Prchal, J.; Andreev, Alexander V.; Javorský, P.; Honda, F.; Jurek, Karel

    272-276, - (2004), e419-e420 ISSN 0304-8853 R&D Projects: GA ČR GA106/02/0943 Keywords : rare-earth * DyNiAl * magnetic anisotropy * single crystal Subject RIV: BM - Solid Matter Physics ; Magnetism Impact factor: 1.031, year: 2004

  12. Equilibrium and kinetics studies of metal ion adsorption on dyed ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Batch equilibration studies were conducted to determine the nature of adsorption of Zn (II) and Cu (II) onto dyed coconut pollens. The nature of adsorption of metal ions was explained using the Langmuir equation. The calculated values of equilibrium parameter indicated favourable adsorption by the adsorbents. Also the ...

  13. Search for neutrinoless double-electron capture of 156Dy

    Science.gov (United States)

    Finch, S. W.; Tornow, W.

    2015-12-01

    Background: Multiple large collaborations are currently searching for neutrinoless double-β decay, with the ultimate goal of differentiating the Majorana-Dirac nature of the neutrino. Purpose: Investigate the feasibility of resonant neutrinoless double-electron capture, an experimental alternative to neutrinoless double-β decay. Method: Two clover germanium detectors were operated underground in coincidence to search for the de-excitation γ rays of 156Gd following the neutrinoless double-electron capture of 156Dy. 231.95 d of data were collected at the Kimballton underground research facility with a 231.57 mg enriched 156Dy sample. Results: No counts were seen above background and half-life limits are set at O (1016-1018) yr for the various decay modes of 156Dy. Conclusion: Low background spectra were efficiently collected in the search for neutrinoless double-electron capture of 156Dy, although the low natural abundance and associated lack of large quantities of enriched samples hinders the experimental reach.

  14. Viscosity, fission time scale and deformation of Dy-156

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    van't Hof, G; Bacelar, JCS; Dioszegi, [No Value; Harakeh, MN; Hesselink, WHA; Kalantar-Nayestanaki, N; Kugler, A; van der Ploeg, H; Plompen, AJM; van Schagen, JPS

    1998-01-01

    In the fusion-fission reaction Ar-40 + Cd-116 --> Dy-156*, fission, at E-b = 216 MeV and 238 MeV, gamma-rays were measured in coincidence with fission fragments. The interpretation of the gamma-ray spectra is done with the help of a modified version of the statistical-model code CASCADE. The spectra

  15. ions (RE = La, Pr, Nd, Sm, Gd and Dy)

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    ) zirconia), tendency of phase transformation (tetragonal to monoclinic () zirconia) and lattice strain were studied with mechanical property e.g. tensile strength of sol–gel derived ZrO2–2 mol% RE2O3 (RE = La, Pr, Nd, Sm, Gd and Dy) spun ...

  16. Phototransferred TL studies in CaSO4:Dy

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Nagpal, J.S.; Kathuria, V.K.; Gangadharan, P.

    1980-01-01

    PTTL studies in CaSO 4 :Dy have revealed two high temperature peaks at 500 and 570 0 C in γ-exposed phosphor. Employing 365 nm for phototransfer at elevated temperature 95 0 C, PTTL can serve a useful technique for re-estimation of the radiation exposure. (author)

  17. Anisotropy of the magnetocaloric effect in DyNiAl

    Czech Academy of Sciences Publication Activity Database

    Kaštil, J.; Javorský, P.; Andreev, Alexander V.

    2009-01-01

    Roč. 321, č. 15 (2009), s. 2318-2321 ISSN 0304-8853 Institutional research plan: CEZ:AV0Z10100520 Keywords : magnetocaloric effec * DyNiAl * magnetism * anisotropy Subject RIV: BM - Solid Matter Physics ; Magnetism Impact factor: 1.204, year: 2009

  18. Surface activation of dyed fabric for cellulase treatment.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Schimper, Christian B; Ibanescu, Constanta; Bechtold, Thomas

    2011-10-01

    Surface activation of fabric made from cellulose fibres, such as viscose, lyocell, modal fibres and cotton, can be achieved by printing of a concentrated NaOH-containing paste. From the concentration of reducing sugars formed in solution, an increase in intensity of the cellulase hydrolysis by a factor of six to eight was observed, which was mainly concentrated at the activated parts of the fabric surface. This method of local activation is of particular interest for modification of materials that have been dyed with special processes to attain an uneven distribution of dyestuff within the yarn cross-section, e.g., indigo ring-dyed denim yarn for jeans production. Fabrics made from regenerated cellulose fibres were used as model substrate to express the effects of surface activation on indigo-dyed material. Wash-down experiments on indigo-dyed denim demonstrated significant colour removal from the activated surface at low overall weight loss of 4-5%. The method is of relevance for a more eco-friendly processing of jeans in the garment industry. Copyright © 2011 WILEY-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA, Weinheim.

  19. Thermal characterization of (U, Dy)O2 pellets

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Pelloni, M; Bianchi, L; Pablovich, M.E; Kaufmann, F; Kempf, R

    2012-01-01

    The thermal diffusivity of (U,Dy)O 2 pellets were determined in the temperature range 250 K to 1600 K measured by the laser flash method. The dependence of thermal with temperature and dysprosium content was studied and found in good agreement with physical models available (author)

  20. Studies of normal deformation in {sup 151}Dy

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Nisius, D.; Janssens, R.V.F.; Crowell, B. [and others

    1995-08-01

    The wealth of data collected in the study of superdeformation in {sup 151}Dy allowed for new information to be obtained on the normally deformed structures in this nucleus. At high spin several new yrast states have been identified for the first time. They were associated with single-particle excitations. Surprisingly, a sequence was identified with energy spacings characteristic of a rotational band of normal ({beta}2 {approximately} 0.2) deformation. The bandhead spin appears to be 15/2{sup -} and the levels extend up to a spin of 87/2{sup -}. A clear backbend is present at intermediate spins. While a similar band based on a bandhead of 6{sup +} is known in {sup 152}Dy, calculations suggest that this collective prolate band should not be seen in {sup 151}Dy. In the experiment described earlier in this report that is aimed at determining the deformations associated with the SD bands in this nucleus and {sup 152}Dy, the deformation associated with this band will be determined. This will provide further insight into the origin of this band.

  1. Emission spectra of phosphor MgSO4 doped with Dy and Mn

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Zhang Chunxiang; Chen Lixin; Tang Qiang; Luo Daling; Qiu Zhiren

    2001-01-01

    Emission spectra of phosphor MgSO 4 doped with Dy and Dy/Mn were measured with an optical multichannel analyzer and a linear heating system whose temperature was controlled by a microcomputer. The emission spectrum bands at 480 nm and 580 nm of phosphor MgSO 4 doped with Dy were observed in the three dimensional (3D) glow curves. Compared with the 3D spectrum of CaSO 4 :Dy and the spectrum bands of MgSO 4 :Dy shows the same wavelengths which resulted from the quantum transitions among the energy levels of Dy 3 '+ ions. The intensities of the glow peaks in both spectrum bands (480 nm and 580 nm) of phosphor MgSO 4 doped with Dy/Mn were dramatically reduced except the 380 degree C glow peak

  2. Luminescent properties in films of ZrO2: Dy

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Martinez, R. C.; Guzman, J.; Rivera, T.; Ceron, P.; Montes, E.; Guzman, D.; Garcia H, M.; Falcony, C.; Azorin, J.

    2014-08-01

    In this work the luminescent characterization of zirconium oxide (ZrO 2 ) films impure with dysprosium (Dy +3 ) is reported, obtained by means of the ultrasonics spray pyrolysis technique. The films were deposited on glass substrates (Corning), in a temperatures interval of 400 to 550 grades C, using as precursor elements Zirconium oxide chloride octahydrate (ZrOCl 2 ·8H 2 O) and Dysprosium tri-chloride (DyCl 3 ), dissolved in deionized water, varying the concentration of the contaminated from the 1 to 20 atomic % with relationship to the zirconium in solution. The luminescent characterization was analyzed by means of photoluminescence and thermoluminescence. The photoluminescence results showed a spectrum with three maxima which correspond to the electronic transitions 4 F 9/2 - 6 H 15/2 , 4 F 9/2 - 6 H 13/2 and 4 F 9/2 - 6 H 11/2 characteristics of the Dy 3+ ion. The thermoluminescence (Tl) response when being exposed to a monochrome UV beam in 240 nm showed a wide curve that exhibits a maxim centered in 200 grades C. The Tl response of ZrO 2 :Dy in function of the dose was shown lineal in the interval of 24 mJ/cm 2 to 432 mJ/cm 2 . A study of the repeatability and dissipation of the ZrO 2 :Dy Tl response is included. Considering the shown previous results we can conclude that the ZrO 2 in film form obtained by spray pyrolysis has luminescent properties in 240 nm. (Author)

  3. The phase transition of the incommensurate phases β-Ln(PO3)3(Ln=Y,Tb...Yb), crystal structures of α-Ln(PO3)3(Ln=Y,Tb...Yb) and Sc(PO3)3

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Hoeppe, Hennig A.

    2009-01-01

    The incommensurately modulated room-temperature phases β-Ln(PO 3 ) 3 (Ln=Y,Tb...Yb) undergo a topotactic phase transition monitored by vibrational spectroscopy below 180 K leading to α-Ln(PO 3 ) 3 (Ln=Y,Dy...Yb), above 200 K the incommensurate phases are reobtained. The low-temperature phases exhibit a new structure type (α-Dy(PO 3 ) 3 ,P2 1 /c,Z=12,a=14.1422(6),b=20.0793(9),c=10.1018(4)A, β=127.532(3) 0 ). α-Tb(PO 3 ) 3 is isotypic with Gd(PO 3 ) 3 (α-Tb(PO 3 ) 3 ,I2/a,Z=16,a=25.875(6),b=13.460(3),c=10.044(2)A, β=119.13(3) 0 ). The symmetry relations between the involved phases of the phase transition are discussed. The crystal structure of Sc(PO 3 ) 3 is isotypic with that of Lu(PO 3 ) 3 and C-type phosphates. The polyphosphates consist of infinite zig-zag chains of corner-sharing PO 4 tetrahedra, the cations are coordinated sixfold in an almost octahedral arrangement. To confirm the quality of the determined crystal structures the deviation of the phosphate tetrahedra from ideal symmetry was determined and discussed. - Abstract: Basic structure from which all crystal structures of the late lanthanoids' polyphosphates at room temperature and below can be derived.

  4. Study of the structure of the transition nuclei 152Dy, 154Dy and 156Er at high angular momentum

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Azgui, F.

    1985-01-01

    Measurements of feeding times of high spin yrast states in 152 Dy, 154 Dy and 156 Er were utilized to obtain information about possible spin dependent shape changes. Feeding times as well as lifetimes were determined with the recoil distance technique. In 152 Dy only long feeding times (> 10 ps) could be identified, indicating that the aligned-particle yrast states are fed through configuration of similar character, with little direct population from collective cascade in the continuum region. In 154 Dy discrete states with I ≤ 30 have lifetimes which are characteristically collective, whereas the preyrast cascade exhibit both fast ( 10 ps) feeding components. The latter imply a change with increasing spin from collective to aligned-particle character, signalling a prolate to oblate shape transition. In 156 Er the yrast states up to spin 20 ℎ were found to be collective. These levels are fed, however, from long-lived high spin states, causing time delay up to ∼ 100 ps, the existence of which is interpreted as a signature for an oblate shape at high spin [fr

  5. Luminescence studies on Dy3+ and Dy3+:Eu3+ co-doped boro-phosphate glasses for WLED applications

    Science.gov (United States)

    Vijayakumar, M.; Uma, V.; Arunkumar, S.; Marimuthu, K.

    2015-06-01

    Dy3+ and Dy3+:Eu3+ co-doped boro-phosphate glasses have been prepared and optically characterized using absorption, luminescence and decay measurements. The Nephelauxetic ratios (β), Bonding parameters (δ) and Judd-Ofelt (JO) intensity parameters Ωλ (λ = 2, 4 and 6) were calculated to study the nature of the environment around the RE3+ ions in the prepared glasses. The yellow to blue (Y/B) intensity ratio and the chromaticity color coordinates were calculated from the luminescence measurements. The lifetimes of the 4F9/2 excited level were measured using decay curves and is found to decrease in the Dy3+:Eu3+ co-doped glass due to the occurrence of resonant energy transfer between Dy3+-Eu3+ ions and the non-exponential decay rates have been fitted with Inokuti-Hirayama (IH) model. The decay curves are well fitted for S= 6 suggesting that the interaction between active ions for the energy transfer is of dipole-dipole nature.

  6. Magnetic properties of ball-milled TbFe2 and TbFe2B

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    Unknown

    1. Introduction. The RFe2 (R = rare earth) Laves phase compounds are known to possess large cubic anisotropy (Clark et al 1972) and highest Curie temperature (TC) of all RT2 compounds. (T = transition metal). RFe2 ... TbFe2 and TbFe2B were prepared by arc melting the high pure elements (Tb and B, 99⋅9% purity; Fe, ...

  7. Host markers in Quantiferon supernatants differentiate active TB from latent TB infection: preliminary report

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Walzl Gerhard

    2009-05-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background Interferon gamma release assays, including the QuantiFERON® TB Gold In Tube (QFT have been shown to be accurate in diagnosing Mycobacterium tuberculosis infection. These assays however, do not discriminate between latent TB infection (LTBI and active TB disease. Methods We recruited twenty-three pulmonary TB patients and 34 household contacts from Cape Town, South Africa and performed the QFT test. To investigate the ability of new host markers to differentiate between LTBI and active TB, levels of 29 biomarkers in QFT supernatants were evaluated using a Luminex multiplex cytokine assay. Results Eight out of 29 biomarkers distinguished active TB from LTBI in a pilot study. Baseline levels of epidermal growth factor (EGF soluble CD40 ligand (sCD40L, antigen stimulated levels of EGF, and the background corrected antigen stimulated levels of EGF and macrophage inflammatory protein (MIP-1β were the most informative single markers for differentiation between TB disease and LTBI, with AUCs of 0.88, 0.84, 0.87, 0.90 and 0.79 respectively. The combination of EGF and MIP-1β predicted 96% of active TB cases and 92% of LTBIs. Combinations between EGF, sCD40L, VEGF, TGF-α and IL-1α also showed potential to differentiate between TB infection states. EGF, VEGF, TGF-α and sCD40L levels were higher in TB patients. Conclusion These preliminary data suggest that active TB may be accurately differentiated from LTBI utilizing adaptations of the commercial QFT test that includes measurement of EGF, sCD40L, MIP-1β, VEGF, TGF-α or IL-1α in supernatants from QFT assays. This approach holds promise for development as a rapid diagnostic test for active TB.

  8. Estimation of human absorbed dose for (166)Ho-PAM: comparison with (166)Ho-DOTMP and (166)Ho-TTHMP.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Vaez-Tehrani, Mahdokht; Zolghadri, Samaneh; Yousefnia, Hassan; Afarideh, Hossein

    2016-10-01

    In this study, the human absorbed dose of holmium-166 ((166)Ho)-pamidronate (PAM) as a potential agent for the management of multiple myeloma was estimated. (166)Ho-PAM complex was prepared at optimized conditions and injected into the rats. The equivalent and effective absorbed doses to human organs after injection of the complex were estimated by radiation-absorbed dose assessment resource and methods proposed by Sparks et al based on rat data. The red marrow to other organ absorbed dose ratios were compared with these data for (166)Ho-DOTMP, as the only clinically used (166)Ho bone marrow ablative agent, and (166)Ho-TTHMP. The highest absorbed dose amounts are observed in the bone surface and bone marrow with 1.11 and 0.903 mGy MBq(-1), respectively. Most other organs would receive approximately insignificant absorbed dose. While (166)Ho-PAM demonstrated a higher red marrow to total body absorbed dose ratio than (166)Ho-1,4,7,10-tetraazacyclo dodecane-1,4,7,10 tetra ethylene phosphonic acid (DOTMP) and (166)Ho-triethylene tetramine hexa (methylene phosphonic acid) (TTHMP), the red marrow to most organ absorbed dose ratios for (166)Ho-TTHMP and (166)Ho-PAM are much higher than the ratios for (166)Ho-DOTMP. The result showed that (166)Ho-PAM has significant characteristics than (166)Ho-DOTMP and therefore, this complex can be considered as a good agent for bone marrow ablative therapy. In this work, two separate points have been investigated: (1) human absorbed dose of (166)Ho-PAM, as a potential bone marrow ablative agent, has been estimated; and (2) the complex has been compared with (166)Ho-DOTMP, as the only clinically used bone marrow ablative radiopharmaceutical, showing significant characteristics.

  9. Providing an address for delivery of nanoencapsulated TB drugs

    CSIR Research Space (South Africa)

    Lemmer, Yolandy

    2010-06-01

    Full Text Available compliance and drug resistance pose a great challenge to TB treatment programs worldwide. To improve the current inadequate therapeutic management of TB, a polymeric anti-TB nanodrug delivery system, for anti-TB drugs, was developed that could enable entry...

  10. HIV-Associated TB: Facts 2013

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... 2012 . Around 75% of these people live in sub-Saharan Africa.  TB is the leading cause of death among ... adopted by policy makers and implemented by all health facilities offering HIV care services.  The number of ...

  11. Thermally stimulated properties in ZnSe:Tb and ZnSe:(Mn, Tb) phosphors

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mishra, A. K.; Mishra, S. K.; Pandey, S. P.; Lakshmi Mishra, Kshama

    2018-02-01

    Thermoluminescence studies were performed of ZnSe:Tb and ZnSe:(Mn, Tb) phosphors. A method of preparation for ZnSe phosphors doped with Tb and (Mn, Tb) has been discussed. The thermoluminescence (TL) properties of these phosphors have been studied from 100 to 370 K temperature after exciting by UV radiation (365 nm) at three uniform heating rates 0.4, 0.6 and 0.9 K/s. The trapping parameters like trap depth, lifetime of electrons and capture cross-section have also been determined using various methods.

  12. Immunomodulation by vitamin D: implications for TB

    OpenAIRE

    Chun, Rene F; Adams, John S; Hewison, Martin

    2011-01-01

    TB remains a major cause of mortality throughout the world. Low vitamin D status has been linked to increased risk of TB and other immune disorders. These observations suggest a role for vitamin D as a modulator of normal human immune function. This article will detail the cellular and molecular mechanisms by which vitamin D regulates the immune system and how vitamin D insufficiency may lead to immune dysregulation. The importance of vitamin D bioavailability as a mechanism for defining the ...

  13. Effect of Dy additions on microstructure and magnetic properties of Fe-Nd-B magnets

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Ramesh, R.; Thomas, G.; Ma, B.M.

    1987-05-01

    It is shown that increasing additions of Dy causes the remanence B/sub r/ to decrease linearly. The intrinsic coercivity, iHc, increases sharply for small additions of Dy, but the increase is not proportional for higher Dy contents. The iHc increases almost linearly with the effective anisotropy field of the RE 2 Fe 14 B phase until the Dy content is about 10% of the total rare earth content. Above this concentration, there is strong deviation from linearity. Various types of possible concentration profiles of the substituted rare earth are suggested. It is also argued that preferential segregation of Dy to the interfaces could be beneficial in increasing the nucleation field. Morphologically there is no apparent effect of Dy on the microstructure. However, in the 5 atomic % Dy sample, Dy rich oxides were observed. It is shown through Energy Dispersive Xray Spectroscopy (EDXS) line profiling that Dy partitions preferentially into the RE 2 Fe 14 B phase in all the cases. No segregation of Dy to the interphase interfaces has been detected

  14. Conversion of homothallic yeast to heterothallism trough HO gene disruption

    CSIR Research Space (South Africa)

    Van Zyl, WH

    1993-04-01

    Full Text Available A simple method was developed for the conversion of homothallic Saccharomyces cerevisiae yeaststrains to heterothallism through HO gene disruption. An integrative ho:: neo disrupted allele was constructed by cloning a dominant selectable marker...

  15. The Ras antagonist, farnesylthiosalicylic acid (FTS, decreases fibrosis and improves muscle strength in dy/dy mouse model of muscular dystrophy.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Yoram Nevo

    Full Text Available The Ras superfamily of guanosine-triphosphate (GTP-binding proteins regulates a diverse spectrum of intracellular processes involved in inflammation and fibrosis. Farnesythiosalicylic acid (FTS is a unique and potent Ras inhibitor which decreased inflammation and fibrosis in experimentally induced liver cirrhosis and ameliorated inflammatory processes in systemic lupus erythematosus, neuritis and nephritis animal models. FTS effect on Ras expression and activity, muscle strength and fibrosis was evaluated in the dy(2J/dy(2J mouse model of merosin deficient congenital muscular dystrophy. The dy(2J/dy(2J mice had significantly increased RAS expression and activity compared with the wild type mice. FTS treatment significantly decreased RAS expression and activity. In addition, phosphorylation of ERK, a Ras downstream protein, was significantly decreased following FTS treatment in the dy(2J/dy(2J mice. Clinically, FTS treated mice showed significant improvement in hind limb muscle strength measured by electronic grip strength meter. Significant reduction of fibrosis was demonstrated in the treated group by quantitative Sirius Red staining and lower muscle collagen content. FTS effect was associated with significantly inhibition of both MMP-2 and MMP-9 activities. We conclude that active RAS inhibition by FTS was associated with attenuated fibrosis and improved muscle strength in the dy(2J/dy(2J mouse model of congenital muscular dystrophy.

  16. Isothermal sections at 500 deg C of the Dy-V-Al and Dy-Cr-Al systems in the aluminium rich regions

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Rykhal', R.M.; Zarechnyuk, O.S.; Mats'kiv, O.P.

    1979-01-01

    X-ray diffraction and microscopic analyses have been used to investigate the ternary system dysprosium-vanadium-aluminium in the aluminium rich region. In the system Dy-V-Al two ternary compounds have been found: DyV 2 Al 20 (cubic structure, CeCr 2 Al 20 type, a=14.54 A and approximately DyVAl 8 (hexagonal crystal system, structure unknown, a=10.86, c=17.71 A, c/a=1.631). In the system dysprosium-chromium-aluminium three ternary compounds have been found: DyCr 2 Al 20 (cubic structure, CeCr 2 Al 20 type, a=14.39), approximately equal to DyCrAl 8 ) hexagonal crystal system, structure type unkown a=10.75, c=17.60 A, c/a=1.637) and DyCr 4 Al 8 (tetragonal structure, CeMn 4 Al 8 type, a=8.87, c=5.04 A, c/a=0.568). Isothermal sections of the systems Dy-V-Al and Dy-Cr-Al have been plotted at 500 deg C

  17. X-ray resonant magnetic scattering investigations of hexagonal multiferroics RMnO3 (R = Dy, Ho, Er)

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Nandi, Shibabrata

    2009-01-01

    Electricity and magnetism were unified into a common subject by James Clerk Maxwell in the nineteenth century yielding the electromagnetic theory. Four equations govern the dynamics of electric charges and magnetic fields, commonly known as Maxwell's equations. Maxwell's equations demonstrate that an accelerated charged particle can produce magnetic fields and a time varying magnetic field can induce a voltage - thereby linking the two phenomena. However, in solids, electric and magnetic ordering are most often considered separately and usually with good reason: the electric charges of electrons and ions are responsible for the charge effects, whereas the electron spin governs magnetic properties.

  18. Preparation, structures and magnetic properties of Dy/Zr and Ho/Zr two-layers and multi-layers

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Luche, M.C.

    1993-01-01

    The first part of the report is devoted to the description of the ultra-vacuum evaporation equipment, to the sample preparation conditions and to the characterization of the two-layers and multi-layers through reflection and glancing incidence X diffraction and transmission electron microscopy. In the second part, the magnetic properties of the samples are studied and relations between properties and structures are examined. 37 fig., 35 ref

  19. Vývoj vědy a problém objektivního pokroku

    Czech Academy of Sciences Publication Activity Database

    Parusniková, Zuzana

    2014-01-01

    Roč. 36, Suppl. (2014), s. 75-95 ISSN 1210-0250 Institutional support: RVO:67985955 Keywords : realism * progress * growth of knowledge * rationality * relativism Subject RIV: AA - Philosophy ; Religion

  20. Magnetic properties of the ternary carbide DyCoC2 studied by magnetization measurements, neutron diffraction and 161Dy Moessbauer spectroscopy

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Amanai, H.; Onodera, H.; Ohashi, M.; Matsuo, S.; Yamauchi, H.

    1995-01-01

    The magnetic properties of DyCoC 2 have been investigated by means of magnetization measurements, powder neutron diffraction and 161 Dy Moessbauer spectroscopy. The magnetization versus temperature curves of a single-crystalline sample reveal that the magnetic structure of DyCoC 2 is a simple collinear ferromagnetic one below T C =10.0 K. At 4.2 K, the magnitude of the Dy moment is 8.7(1)μ B , whose direction is defined by an angle of 38.0(5) from the a-axis toward the c-axis. The magnetic structure and the magnitude of the moment are also confirmed by the results of powder neutron diffraction experiments and 161 Dy Moessbauer spectroscopy, respectively. ((orig.))

  1. Non-adherence to anti-TB drugs among TB/HIV co-infected patients ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Non-adherence to anti-TB drugs among TB/HIV co-infected patients in Mbarara Hospital ... and its associated factors have not been studied in these patients in Uganda. ... Methods: A cross-sectional study with qualitative and quantitative data ...

  2. tb diagnostics challenges of tb diagnosis and treatment in south africa

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    2007-06-01

    Jun 1, 2007 ... 45 currently provides treatment to 3 000 patients. Eighty-nine per cent of those accessing ART have symptomatic HIV disease. (WHO clinical stage 3 and 4) with a median CD4 cell count of. 95 cells/µl. More than 50% have a history of prior completed. TB treatment, 15% are on current TB treatment, 11% are.

  3. Integration of TB and ART services fails to improve TB treatment ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    The median CD4+ count of HIV-positive patients was 152 cells/μl (interquartile range (IQR) 71 - 277) for integrated facilities and 148 cells/μl (IQR 67 - 260) for single-service facilities. There was no statistical difference in the TB treatment outcome profile between integrated and single-service facilities for all TB patients (p=0.

  4. Thermoluminescent dosemeters of CaSO4: Dy + Teflon

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Campos, L.L.

    1989-01-01

    The development of a pellet dosemeter of CaSO 4 : Dy + Teflon at the Dosimetric Materials Production Laboratory - IPEN/Brazilian CNEN-SP is presented. The pellets were produced by cold pressing and sintering a mixture of CaSO 4 : Dy and Teflon powders. The pellet characteristics from the point of view of dosimetry. A filter combination providing an energy independent response from 20 KeV to 1,25 MeV was obtained. The dosemeter consists of three pellets sealed between two thin plastic sheets and placed under plastic and lead filters. The combination of these three filters allows to determine the energy of an unknown source. (author) [pt

  5. Resonant X-ray emission spectroscopy in Dy compounds

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Tanaka, Satoshi; Okada, Kozo; Kotani, Akio.

    1994-01-01

    The excitation spectrum of the L 3 -M 5 X-ray emission of Dy compounds in the pre-edge region of Dy L 3 X-ray absorption near edge structure (L 3 -XANES) is theoretically investigated based upon the coherent second order optical formula with multiplet coupling effects. The spectral broadening of the excitation spectrum is determined by the M 5 core hole lifetime, being free from the L 3 core hole lifetime. The fine pre-edge structure of the L 3 edge due to the 2p→4f quadrupole transition can be seen in the excitation spectrum, while this structure is invisible in the conventional XANES, in agreement with the recent experimental results. We clarify the conditions for the excitation spectrum to be regarded as the absorption spectrum with a smaller width. The resonant X-ray emission spectra for various incident photon energies around the L 3 edge are also calculated. (author)

  6. Some properties of commercial dyed plastic as radiation dosimeters

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Rageh, M.S.I.; El-Assy, N.B.; Ashry, M.

    1986-01-01

    The use of commercial dyed plastics (red and green perspex) as radiation dosimeters in a cobalt-60 sterilizing plant is described. The results are satisfactory and offer advantages over the other dosimeters. The increase in the optical density for red perspex at wavelengths 650 and 750 nm with radiation can be used for absorbed dose measurements over the ranges from 1 to 7.5 KGy and from 5 to 25 KGy correspondingly. The decrease in the optical density for green perspex at 596, 612 and 641 nm with absorbed dose can extend the linear response range up to about 45 KGy. The fading of intensity of the irradiation induced absorption bands in dyed plastics after storage at different temperatures had been investigated

  7. Hyperfine Structure and Isotope Shifts in Dy II

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Dylan F. Del Papa

    2017-01-01

    Full Text Available Using fast-ion-beam laser-fluorescence spectroscopy (FIBLAS, we have measured the hyperfine structure (hfs of 14 levels and an additional four transitions in Dy II and the isotope shifts (IS of 12 transitions in the wavelength range of 422–460 nm. These are the first precision measurements of this kind in Dy II. Along with hfs and IS, new undocumented transitions were discovered within 3 GHz of the targeted transitions. These atomic data are essential for astrophysical studies of chemical abundances, allowing correction for saturation and the effects of blended lines. Lanthanide abundances are important in diffusion modeling of stellar interiors, and in the mechanisms and history of nucleosynthesis in the universe. Hfs and IS also play an important role in the classification of energy levels, and provide a benchmark for theoretical atomic structure calculations.

  8. Magnetoresistance anomaly in DyFeCo thin films

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Wu, J. C.; Wu, C. S.; Wu, Te-ho; Chen, Bing-Mau; Shieh, Han-Ping D.

    2001-01-01

    Microstructured rare-earth - transition-metal DyFeCo films have been investigated using magnetoresistance and extraordinary Hall-effect measurements. The Hall loops reveal variation of coercive fields depending on the linewidth and the composition of the films. The magnetoresistance curves, with changes up to as high as 1.3%, show positive/negative magnetoresistance peaks centered on the coercive fields depending on the linewidth of the films only. The variation of the coercivity can be attributed to the magnetic moment canting between the Dy and FeCo subcomponents and the existence of the diverged magnetization on the edges, and the anomalous magnetoresistance peaks observed are discussed with the existing theories. [copyright] 2001 American Institute of Physics

  9. Novostavba rodinného domu

    OpenAIRE

    Manduch, Dávid

    2017-01-01

    Jedná sa o samostatne stojaci, dvojpodlažný, nepodpivničený rodinný dom zastrešený plochou vegetačnou strechou v obci Šalgovce. Súčasťou rodinného domu sú dve drevené terasy. Vstupná terasa sa nachádza pred hlavným vstupom do objektu a terasa pre relax je prístupná z obytnej miestnosti s kuchynským kútom. Z tejto terasy je priamy prístup do záhrady. Hlavný stavebný materiál rodinného domu sú stenové panely EcoCocon - kombinácia dreveného rámu a slamenej výplne Garáž je samostatne stojaci jedn...

  10. Synthesis of CaF2: dy for thermoluminescent dosimetry

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Yamato, M.E.P.; Vasconcelos, D.A.A. de; Asfora, V.K.; Khoury, H.J.; Santos, R.A.; Barros, V.S.M.

    2015-01-01

    Calcium Fluoride doped with dysprosium is a known thermoluminescent material for applications that require highly sensitive dosimeters. Research in novel methods such as Combustion Synthesis (CS) has been ongoing for several years at the University of Pernambuco. The method uses the heat of the oxi-redox reaction a between nitrate and a fuel. This work presents results of CaF 2 :Dy produced by combustion synthesis under different fabrication conditions. Samples were prepared by mixing stoichiometric amounts of calcium nitrate, urea and ammonium nitrate in a beaker under vigorous stirring. The resulting gel was transferred to a pre-heated muffle furnace were the combustion reaction occurred after a few minutes. For comparison, a variation of the production method with the same amounts of nitrate, ammonium fluoride and dopant, but without using the fuel was prepared. For both methods the resulting powder was pelleted and irradiated with Co-60 gamma radiation. The reproducibility and sensitivity for gamma dose irradiation was tested and results showed that optimum TL sample reproducibility was without the urea as fuel. Samples were then prepared with 0.05, 0.10, 0.15 and 0.20 mol% Dy concentration. The highest TL sensitivity was found for samples with 0.15 mol% Dy and sintered at 400 deg C for 3.5 h in air. The TL emission spectra, obtained using a Hammamatsu optical spectrometer, was comparable with commercial CaF 2 :Dy. Thermoluminescence was measured in a Harshaw-Bicron 3500 TL Reader. The glow curve showed stable dosimetric peaks at around 200, 235 and 300 deg C were a linear dose response curve was obtained for the range 100 mGy to 1000 mGy. (author)

  11. Performance of CaSO4:Dy detectors

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Setti, M.C.; Silva, G.R.; Pela, C.A.; Bruco, J.L.; Borges, J.C.

    2004-01-01

    CaSO 4 :Dy detectors have been used in personal dosimetry. The MRA company recently entered into the market of these detectors. Searching to assure a product quality level that would satisfy its customs most expectancies, MRA programmed several tests to qualify and quantify these detectors main characteristics, before their definitive insertion in the market. Preliminary tests furnished a value of 29,5 ± 1,2 nC for homogeneity and a maximum dispersion of 3 % for linearity . (author)

  12. Identical bands in Ba-Dy, N < 104 space

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Mittal, H.M.; Vidya Devi; Gupta, J.B.

    2008-01-01

    The recognition of the existence of identical bands, in even-even, odd-even and odd-odd nuclei, in normal deformed bands and superdeformed bands has become the subject of great interest in recent years. Here the search have been taken for such bands for the normal deformed, even-Z, even-N nuclei of Ba and Dy for 82< N<104 major shell space

  13. Coercivity enhancement in Nd-Fe-B sintered permanent magnet by Dy nanoparticles doping

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Liu, W.Q., E-mail: liuweiqiang77@hotmail.co [College of Materials Science and Engineering, Beijing University of Technology, Beijing 100124 (China); Sun, H. [College of Materials Science and Engineering, Beijing University of Technology, Beijing 100124 (China); Yi, X.F. [Anhui Earth-panda Advance Magnetic Material Co., Ltd., Anhui 231500 (China); Liu, X.C.; Zhang, D.T. [College of Materials Science and Engineering, Beijing University of Technology, Beijing 100124 (China); Yue, M., E-mail: yueming@bjut.edu.c [College of Materials Science and Engineering, Beijing University of Technology, Beijing 100124 (China); Zhang, J.X. [College of Materials Science and Engineering, Beijing University of Technology, Beijing 100124 (China)

    2010-07-02

    Nd-Fe-B permanent magnets with a small amount of Dysprosium (Dy) nanoparticles doping were prepared by conventional sintered method, and the microstructure and magnetic properties of the magnets were studied. Investigation shows that the coercivity rises gradually, while the remanence decreases simultaneously with increased Dy doping amount. As a result, the magnet with 1.5 wt.% Dy exhibits optimal magnetic properties. Further investigation presumed that Dy is enriched as (Nd, Dy){sub 2}Fe{sub 14}B phase in the surface region of the Nd{sub 2}Fe{sub 14}B matrix grains indicated by the enhancement of the magneto-crystalline anisotropy field of the Nd{sub 2}Fe{sub 14}B phase. As a result, the magnet doped with a small amount of Dy nanoparticles possesses remarkably enhanced coercivity without sacrificing its magnetization noticeably.

  14. The ternary systems Sc-Sm(Dy)-Si at 870 K

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Kotur, B.Ya.; Mokra, I.Ya.; Toporinskij, A.Ya.

    1991-01-01

    Isothermal cross sections of the ternary systems Sc-Sm-Si and Sc-Dy-Si at 870 K have been plotted. Investigation of scandium and disprosium in ternary systems have been examined by X-ray diffraction and microstructure analysis. Besides literary data on binary systems Sc-Si, Sm-Si, Dy-Si have been used. Formation of limited (Sc-Sm-Si, Sc-Dy-Si) and continuous (Sc-Dy-Si) solid solutions based on bisilicides of Sc and Sm(Dy) is discovered. Two and five ternary compounds in Sc-Sm-Si and Sc-Dy-Si systems have been determined and their crystal structure has been established. When investigating of Sc-(rare earth element)-Si ternary systems and should take into account the specific interaction of scandium and samarium with REE

  15. Properties of alginate fiber spun-dyed with fluorescent pigment dispersion.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wang, Ping; Tawiah, Benjamin; Tian, Anli; Wang, Chunxia; Zhang, Liping; Fu, Shaohai

    2015-03-15

    Spun-dyed alginate fiber was prepared by the spun-dyeing method with the mixture of fluorescent pigment dispersion and sodium alginate fiber spinning solution, and its properties were characterized by SEM, TGA, DSC, and XRD. The results indicate that fluorescent pigment dispersion prepared with esterified poly (styrene-alt maleic acid) had excellent compatibility with sodium alginate fiber spinning solution, and small amount of fluorescent pigment could reduce the viscosity of spun-dyed spinning solutions. SEM photo of spun-dyed alginate fiber indicated that fewer pigment particles deposited on its surface. TGA, DSC, and XRD results suggested that thermal properties and crystal phase of spun-dyed alginate fibers had slight changes compared to the original alginate fibers. The fluorescence intensity of spun-dyed alginate fiber reached its maximum when the content of fluorescent pigment was 4%. The spun-dyed alginate fiber showed excellent rubbing and washing fastness. Copyright © 2014 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

  16. Magnetostrictive effects in ferromagnetic Dy break-junctions

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Mueller, Marc; Suergers, Christoph; Montbrun, Richard [Karlsruher Institut fuer Technologie, Physikalisches Institut, 76131 Karlsruhe (Germany); Loehneysen, Hilbert v. [Karlsruher Institut fuer Technologie, Physikalisches Institut, 76131 Karlsruhe (Germany); Karlsruher Institut fuer Technologie, Institut fuer Festkoerperphysik, 76021 Karlsruhe (Germany)

    2011-07-01

    A characteristic property of the rare-earth metals are their large magnetostrictive strains which are related to the magnetocrystalline anisotropy through the elastic energy. We have investigated the electrical conductance G of mechanical break-junctions of a dysprosium wire at 4.2 K where Dy is in the ferromagnetic state. In zero magnetic field we find the usual variation of the conductance G vs. electrode distance x while breaking the wire mechanically, with a sequence of steps and more or less prominent plateaus. The behavior G(x) is modified in magnetic fields {mu}{sub 0} H up to 1 T due to the large magnetostriction of Dy. In addition, the conductance can be changed reproducibly by variation of H. For a number of contacts we observe discrete changes in G(H) in the range of several G{sub 0} = 2 e{sup 2}/h. The behavior of G(H) and its angular dependence can be quantitatively understood by taking into account the magnetostrictive properties of Dy. This first realization of a magnetostrictive atomic switch demonstrates the possibility of reproducibly tuning the conductance of magnetic nanocontacts by a magnetic field.

  17. New features in the spectrum of {sup 152}Dy

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Galindo-Uribarri, A; Andrews, H R; Ball, G C; Radford, D C; Janzen, V P; Ward, D [Atomic Energy of Canada Ltd., Chalk River, ON (Canada). Chalk River Nuclear Labs.; Kuehner, J A; Mullins, S; Persson, L; Prevost, D; Waddington, J C [McMaster Univ., Hamilton, ON (Canada). Dept. of Physics; Drake, T E [Toronto Univ., ON (Canada). Dept. of Physics; Wyss, R [Joint Inst. for Heavy Ion Research, Oak Ridge, TN (United States)

    1992-08-01

    One of the most important recent developments in nuclear structure physics has been the prediction and observation of superdeformed (SD) shapes at high angular momentum in several nuclei in the rare earth region. The first experimental observation was a ridge-valley structure in a {gamma}-{gamma} coincidence matrix for the {sup 152}Dy nucleus. The ridge was found to be generated by sequences of stretched E2 transitions and corresponded to a moment of inertia J{sup (2)} of 85 {Dirac_h}{sup 2}MeV{sup -1}. Subsequently a discrete SD band was discovered in {sup 152}Dy and the lifetimes were measured. More recently the discovery of SD bands in several nuclei in the neighbourhood of {sup 152}Dy, the discovery of multiple SD bands in some nuclei, and the discovery of new SD regions at mass A {approx} 190 and A {approx} 140 have stimulated intense research activity in this area of nuclear physics. (author). 15 refs., 4 figs.

  18. Thermoluminescence mechanisms in CaSO4:Dy single crystals

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Morgan, M.D.; Stoebe, T.G.

    1986-01-01

    ESR studies of gamma-irradiated CaSO 4 :Dy have shown, in addition to the usual intrinsic defects, four new paramagnetic centres. An analysis of the g values and the g tensors in conjunction with the anhydrite crystal structure indicate that these centres are related to sulphate ions. Two of these centres (denoted 1a and 3a) are proposed as holes trapped and shared between two adjacent sulphate ions, this structure being stabilised by a neighbouring Ca vacancy. Centre 3b is suggested as a hole associated with one sulphate ion, again stabilised by an adjacent Ca vacancy. Because of the two distinct crystallographic directions in the anhydrite structure, centre 3b was found to consist of two distinguishable defects with slightly differing decay temperatures. The fourth centre appears to be an electron trapping site with structure similar to centre 3b. Decay temperatures of these ESR defects are correlated with the observance of TL peaks in CaSO 4 :Dy. Thermoluminescence studies as a function of impurity content confirmed the presence of calcium vacancies, which are formed during crystal growth, and that they play an important role in the TL process. TL models are proposed to account for the observed properties of CaSO 4 :Dy. (author)

  19. Anisotropic perpendicular axis magnetostriction in twinned TbxDy1-xFe1.95

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Teter, J.P.; Wun-Fogle, M.; Clark, A.E.; Mahoney, K.

    1990-01-01

    The longitudinal magnetostriction (Δl/l) for twinned Tb x Dy 1-x Fe 1.95 material, prepared by the free-standing float-zone method, has been previously measured and found to be very large (2000x10 -6 ) at room temperature. The magnetostrictions for the [111] and [1 bar 10] crystallographic axes perpendicular to the applied stress and magnetic-field [11 bar 2] direction are presented as functions of temperature, applied stress, and applied magnetic field. The temperature range is ±60 degree C centered about the anisotropy compensation temperature of Terfenol-D (+10 degree C). The stress ranges from 2 to 32 MPa and the magnetic field to ±2000 Oe. The temperature dependence of the perpendicular axes magnetostriction is similar to that of the conventional magnetostriction measured parallel to the [11 bar 2] growth axis. Relative values for the saturation magnetostriction exhibit a large anisotropy in the perpendicular direction, ranging from -117% for the [111] to +19% for the [1 bar 10] direction. This ratio stays constant as a function of temperature above the compensation temperature for a given prestress above 8 MPa. The largest absolute value of magnetostriction (2260x10 -6 ) occurs in the [111] direction at 10 degree C at a prestress pressure of 12 MPa. Above this temperature the magnetostriction falls at a rate of -8.5x10 -6 /degree C. The volume magnetostriction is shown to be small and highly sample dependent. All data is consistent with the parent-twin magnetization model and also the magnetostriction values along nonprincipal axes

  20. Spin Waves in Ho2Co17

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Clausen, Kurt Nørgaard; Lebech, Bente

    1980-01-01

    Spin wave excitations in a single crystal of Ho2Co17 have been studied at 4.8 and 78 K. The results are discussed in terms of a linear spin wave model. At 78 K both ground state and excited state spin waves are observed.......Spin wave excitations in a single crystal of Ho2Co17 have been studied at 4.8 and 78 K. The results are discussed in terms of a linear spin wave model. At 78 K both ground state and excited state spin waves are observed....

  1. Effect of Ligand Substitution around the Dy(III) on the SMM Properties of Dual-Luminescent Zn-Dy and Zn-Dy-Zn Complexes with Large Anisotropy Energy Barriers: A Combined Theoretical and Experimental Magnetostructural Study.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Costes, Jean Pierre; Titos-Padilla, Silvia; Oyarzabal, Itziar; Gupta, Tulika; Duhayon, Carine; Rajaraman, Gopalan; Colacio, Enrique

    2016-05-02

    The new dinuclear Zn(II)-Dy(III) and trinuclear Zn(II)-Dy(III)-Zn(II) complexes of formula [(LZnBrDy(ovan) (NO3)(H2O)](H2O)·0.5(MeOH) (1) and [(L(1)ZnBr)2Dy(MeOH)2](ClO4) (3) (L and L(1) are the dideprotonated forms of the N,N'-2,2-dimethylpropylenedi(3-methoxysalicylideneiminato and 2-{(E)-[(3-{[(2E,3E)-3-(hydroxyimino)butan-2-ylidene ]amino}-2,2-dimethylpropyl)imino]methyl}-6-methoxyphenol Schiff base compartmental ligands, respectively) have been prepared and magnetostructurally characterized. The X-ray structure of 1 indicates that the Dy(III) ion exhibits a DyO9 coordination sphere, which is made from four O atoms coming from the compartmental ligand (two methoxy terminal groups and two phenoxido bridging groups connecting Zn(II) and Dy(III) ions), other four atoms belonging to the chelating nitrato and ovanillin ligands, and the last one coming to the coordinated water molecule. The structure of 3 shows the central Dy(III) ion surrounded by two L(1)Zn units, so that the Dy(III) and Zn(II) ions are linked by phenoxido/oximato bridging groups. The Dy ion is eight-coordinated by the six O atoms afforded by two L(1) ligands and two O atoms coming from two methanol molecules. Alternating current (AC) dynamic magnetic measurements of 1, 3, and the previously reported dinuclear [LZnClDy(thd)2] (2) complex (where thd = 2,2,6,6-tetramethyl-3,5-heptanedionato ligand) indicate single molecule magnet (SMM) behavior for all these complexes with large thermal energy barriers for the reversal of the magnetization and butterfly-shaped hysteresis loops at 2 K. Ab initio calculations on 1-3 show a pure Ising ground state for all of them, which induces almost completely suppressed quantum tunnelling magnetization (QTM), and thermally assisted quantum tunnelling magnetization (TA-QTM) relaxations via the first excited Kramers doublet, leading to large energy barriers, thus supporting the observation of SMM behavior. The comparison between the experimental and theoretical

  2. Effects of Dy and Nb on the magnetic properties and corrosion resistance of sintered NdFeB

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Yu, L.Q.; Wen, Y.H.; Yan, M.

    2004-01-01

    Dy and Nb were added into the sintered NdFeB magnets with the aim of improving their magnetic properties and corrosion resistance. It was found that intrinsic coercivity of magnets is promoted whilst remanence is reduced as a result of Dy addition. Simultaneous addition of Dy and Nb not only gives rise to greatly improved coercivity, but also suppresses the undesirable effect of Dy on the remanence. The optimum magnetic properties were achieved when 1.0% Dy and 1.5% Nb were incorporated. Moreover, corrosion resistance of NdFeB magnets improves with the increase in the content of Dy and Nb

  3. The role of antiretroviral therapy in reducing TB incidence and mortality in high HIV-TB burden countries

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Anthony D Harries

    2016-03-01

    Full Text Available With the adoption of the new Sustainable Development Goals in 2016, all countries have committed to end the tuberculosis (TB epidemic by 2030, defined as dramatic reductions in TB incidence and mortality combined with zero TB-induced catastrophic costs for families. This paper explores how antiretroviral therapy (ART in high HIV-TB burden countries may help in reducing TB incidence and mortality and thus contribute to the ambitious goal of ending TB. ART in people living with HIV has a potent TB preventive effect, with this being most apparent in those with the most advanced immunodeficiency. Early ART also significantly reduces the risk of TB, and with new World Health Organization guidance released in 2015 about initiating ART in all persons living with HIV irrespective of CD4 count, there is the potential for enormous benefit at the population level. Already, several countries with high HIVTB burdens have seen dramatic declines in TB case notification rates since ART scale up started in 2004. In patients already diagnosed with HIV-associated TB, mortality can be significantly decreased by ART, especially if started within 2–8 weeks of anti-TB treatment. The benefits of ART on TB incidence and TB mortality can be further augmented respectively by the addition of isoniazid preventive therapy and cotrimoxazole preventive therapy. These interventions must be effectively implemented and scaled up in order to end the TB epidemic by 2030.

  4. Magnetic properties of TbTiGe

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Prokes, K.; Tegus, O.; Brueck, E.; Gortenmulder, T.J.; Boer, F.R. de; Buschow, K.H.J.

    2001-01-01

    We have studied the magnetic properties of the compound TbTiGe by means of neutron diffraction in the temperature range 1.7-310 K. We also report on magnetization measurements made at different temperatures and fields. The compound TbTiGe adopts the tetragonal CeFeSi-structure type and orders antiferromagnetically at T N =286 K. The structure is collinear antiferromagnetic in the whole temperature range below T N , with the magnetic moments aligned along the tetragonal c-axis. The uncommon shape of the temperature dependence of the magnetization observed in our sample is attributed to small amounts of the ferromagnetic low-temperature modification of TbTiGe

  5. Multi-quasiparticle excitations in 145Tb

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Zheng Yong; Zhou Xiaohong; Zhang Yuhu; Liu Minliang; Guo Yingxiang; Lei Xiangguo; Kusakari, H.; Sugawara, M.

    2004-01-01

    High-spin states in 145 Tb have been populated using the 118 Sn( 32 S, 1p4n) reaction at a beam energy of 165 MeV. The level scheme of 145 Tb has been established for the first time. The level scheme shows characteristics of spherical or slightly oblate nucleus. Based on the systematic trends of the level structure in the neighboring N=80 isotones, the level structure in 145 Tb below 2 MeV excitation is well explained by coupling an h 11/2 valence proton to the even-even 144 Gd core. Above 2 MeV excitation, most of the yrast levels are interpreted with multi-quasiparticle shell-model configurations. (authors)

  6. Improving the SMM and luminescence properties of lanthanide complexes with LnO9 cores in the presence of ZnII: an emissive Zn2Dy single ion magnet.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Fondo, Matilde; Corredoira-Vázquez, Julio; Herrera-Lanzós, Antía; García-Deibe, Ana M; Sanmartín-Matalobos, Jesús; Herrera, Juan Manuel; Colacio, Enrique; Nuñez, Cristina

    2017-12-12

    Mononuclear complexes of stoichiometry [Ln(H 3 L)(H 2 O)(NO 3 )](NO 3 ) 2 (Ln = Tb, 1; Dy, 2, Er, 3), which crystallise with different solvates, and the heterotrinuclear compound [Zn 2 Dy(L)(NO 3 ) 3 (OH)] (4) can be obtained with the same H 3 L compartmental ligand. The single X-ray crystal structure of the mononuclear complexes shows a LnO 9 core with a muffin-like disposition while the geometry of the DyO 9 core in 4 seems to be closer to spherical capped square antiprism. The analysis of the magnetic properties of all the complexes demonstrates that the mononuclear lanthanide compounds do not show slow relaxation of the magnetization, even when the samples are diluted with a diamagnetic matrix and subjected to a dc applied field of 1000 Oe. Nevertheless, the heterotrinuclear dysprosium complex 4·3H 2 O is a field-induced single ion magnet, with an estimated U eff barrier of 59 K. The luminescence characterisation of all the metal complexes in methanol solution at 298 K also shows a notable increase in the fluorescence emission of the heterotrinuclear complex with respect to the mononuclear ones, in such a way that 4 can be defined as a fluorescent single ion magnet.

  7. Magnetooptic effects and Auger electron spectroscopy of two-layer NiFe-Dy and Fe-Dy films with nonuniform layers

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Ehdel'man, I.S.; Markov, V.V.; Khudyakov, A.E.; Ivantsov, R.D.; Bondarenko, G.V.; Ovchinnikov, S.G.; Kesler, V.G.; Parshin, A.S.; Ronzhin, I.P.

    2001-01-01

    Magneto-optical effects (magnetic circular dichroism and meridional Kerr effect) and element distribution with layer thickness in two-layer NiFe-Dy and Fe-Dy films, prepared by thermal sputtering of component in ultrahigh vacuum, are investigated. It is shown, that Dy in a two-layer film in the temperature range of 80-300 K makes constant contributions to both effects investigated which are approximately equal to the values of the effects observed in an isolated Dy film only at temperatures below the temperature T c of Dy transition into a ferromagnetic state (T c ∼ 100 K for the films under study). This behaviour of magneto-optical effects is assumed to be due to the influence of a NiFe layer spin system on magnetic state of a Dy layer, this influence is enhanced by the deep penetration of Ni and Fe ions into Dy layer as it follows from the data obtained using Auger electron spectroscopy [ru

  8. Chemical Bond Parameters in Sr3MRhO6 (M=Rare earth)

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2000-01-01

    Chemical bond parameters, that is, bond covalency, bond valence, macroscopic linear susceptibility, and oxidation states of elements in Sr3MRhO6 (M=Sm, Eu, Tb, Dy, Ho, Er, Yb) have been calculated. The results indicate that the bond covalency of M-O decreases sharply with the decrease of ionic radius of M3+ from Sm to Yb, while no obvious trend has been found for Rh-O and Sr-O bonds. The global instability index indicates that the crystal structures of Sr3MrhO6 (M = Sm, Eu, Tb, Dy, Ho) have strained bonds.

  9. TB case detection in Tajikistan – analysis of existing obstacles

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Alexei Korobitsyn

    2013-10-01

    Full Text Available Background: Tajikistan National TB Control ProgramObjective: (1 To identify the main obstacles to increasing TB Detection in Tajikistan. (2 To identify interventions that improve TB detection.Methods: Review of the available original research data, health normative base, health systems performance and national economic data, following WHO framework for detection of TB cases, which is based on three scenarios of why incident cases of TB may not be notified.Results: Data analysis revealed that some aspects of TB case detection are more problematic than others and that there are gaps in the knowledge of specific obstacles to TB case detection. The phenomenon of “initial default” in Tajikistan has been documented; however, it needs to be studied further. The laboratory services detect infectious TB cases effectively; however, referrals of appropriate suspects for TB diagnosis may lag behind. The knowledge about TB in the general population has improved. Yet, the problem of TB related stigma persists, thus being an obstacle for effective TB detection. High economic cost of health services driven by under-the-table payments was identified as another barrier for access to health services.Conclusion: Health system strengthening should become a primary intervention to improve case detection in Tajikistan. More research on reasons contributing to the failure to register TB cases, as well as factors underlying stigma is needed.

  10. Saigon-Ho Chi Minh City

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Nguyen, T.B.; Samsura, D.A.A.; Krabben, E. van der; Le, A.D.; Le, A.-D.

    2016-01-01

    Ho Chi Minh City (HCMC) has existed for over three centuries and has developed into the financial capital and most important economic hub of Vietnam. This profile outlines the history of HCMC's development and its impact on current conditions and physical structure of the city. The paper analyzes

  11. Thermoluminescence properties of Al{sub 2}O{sub 3}:Tb nanoparticles irradiated by gamma rays and 85 MeV C{sup 6+} ion beam

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Salah, Numan, E-mail: nsalah@kau.edu.sa [Center of Nanotechnology, King Abdulaziz University, Jeddah 21589 (Saudi Arabia); Alharbi, Najlaa D. [Sciences Faculty for Girls, King Abdulaziz University, Jeddah 21589 (Saudi Arabia); Habib, Sami S. [Center of Nanotechnology, King Abdulaziz University, Jeddah 21589 (Saudi Arabia); Lochab, S.P. [Inter-University Accelerator Centre, Aruna Asaf Ali Marg, New Delhi 110067 (India)

    2015-11-15

    Carbon ions beam is recently recognized as an ideal cancer treatment modality, because of its excellent local tumor control. These ions have a high relative biological effectiveness resulting from high linear energy transfer (LET) and their sharp Bragg peak. However, the dose of those energetic ions needs to be measured with great precision using a proper dosimeter. Aluminum Oxide (Al{sub 2}O{sub 3}) is a highly luminescent phosphor widely used for radiation dosimetry using thermoluminesence (TL) technique. In this work nanoparticles of this material activated by different elements like Eu, Tb, Dy, Cu and Ag were evaluated for their TL response to gamma rays irradiation. Tb doped sample is found to be the most sensitive sample, which could be selected for exposure to 85 MeV C{sup 6+} ion beam in the fluence range 10{sup 9}–10{sup 13} ions/cm{sup 2}. The obtained result shows that C ion beam irradiated sample has a simple glow curve structure with a prominent glow peak at around 230 °C. This glow curve has a dosimetric peak better than those induced by gamma rays. This glow peak exhibits a linear response in the range 10{sup 9}–10{sup 11} ions/cm{sup 2}, corresponding to the equivalent absorbed doses 0.285–28.5 kGy. The absorbed doses, penetration depths and main energy loss were calculated using TRIM code based on the Monte Carlo simulation. The wide linear response of Al{sub 2}O{sub 3}:Tb nanoparticles along with the low fading makes this low cost nanomaterial a good candidate for C ion beam dosimetry. - Highlights: • Nanoparticles of Al{sub 2}O{sub 3} doped with Eu, Tb, Dy, Cu and Ag were synthesised. • They were evaluated for their TL response to gamma rays and C ion beam irradiation. • Tb doped sample is the most sensitive sample to gamma rays. • Al{sub 2}O{sub 3}:Tb was exposed to 85 MeV C{sup 6+} ion beam in the fluence range 10{sup 9}-10{sup 13} ions/cm{sup 2}. • The glow peak induced by C ions has a linear response in the range 10{sup 9

  12. Thermoluminescence properties of Al2O3:Tb nanoparticles irradiated by gamma rays and 85 MeV C6+ ion beam

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Salah, Numan; Alharbi, Najlaa D.; Habib, Sami S.; Lochab, S.P.

    2015-01-01

    Carbon ions beam is recently recognized as an ideal cancer treatment modality, because of its excellent local tumor control. These ions have a high relative biological effectiveness resulting from high linear energy transfer (LET) and their sharp Bragg peak. However, the dose of those energetic ions needs to be measured with great precision using a proper dosimeter. Aluminum Oxide (Al 2 O 3 ) is a highly luminescent phosphor widely used for radiation dosimetry using thermoluminesence (TL) technique. In this work nanoparticles of this material activated by different elements like Eu, Tb, Dy, Cu and Ag were evaluated for their TL response to gamma rays irradiation. Tb doped sample is found to be the most sensitive sample, which could be selected for exposure to 85 MeV C 6+ ion beam in the fluence range 10 9 –10 13 ions/cm 2 . The obtained result shows that C ion beam irradiated sample has a simple glow curve structure with a prominent glow peak at around 230 °C. This glow curve has a dosimetric peak better than those induced by gamma rays. This glow peak exhibits a linear response in the range 10 9 –10 11 ions/cm 2 , corresponding to the equivalent absorbed doses 0.285–28.5 kGy. The absorbed doses, penetration depths and main energy loss were calculated using TRIM code based on the Monte Carlo simulation. The wide linear response of Al 2 O 3 :Tb nanoparticles along with the low fading makes this low cost nanomaterial a good candidate for C ion beam dosimetry. - Highlights: • Nanoparticles of Al 2 O 3 doped with Eu, Tb, Dy, Cu and Ag were synthesised. • They were evaluated for their TL response to gamma rays and C ion beam irradiation. • Tb doped sample is the most sensitive sample to gamma rays. • Al 2 O 3 :Tb was exposed to 85 MeV C 6+ ion beam in the fluence range 10 9 -10 13 ions/cm 2 . • The glow peak induced by C ions has a linear response in the range 10 9 -10 11 ions/cm 2

  13. Tuberculosis: The Connection between TB and HIV (the AIDS Virus)

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... Regimen for Latent TB Infection-Patient Education Brochure Posters Mantoux Tuberculin Skin Test Wall Chart World TB ... site? Adobe PDF file Microsoft PowerPoint file Microsoft Word file Microsoft Excel file Audio/Video file Apple ...

  14. Combination of TB lymphadenitis and metastatic LAP in breast cancer

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Abdolhassan Talaiezadeh

    2015-06-01

    Full Text Available Tuberculosis (TB may present as pulmonary and extra-pulmonary. TB lymphadenitis is the most common presentation of extra-pulmonary TB. TB lymphadenitis should be taken into account in the differential diagnosis of different disorders such as metastatic lymphadenopathy. The reported patient was a 65-year-old lady with breast cancer and conglomerated and matted axillary lymphadenopathy who received chemotherapy. She presented with more extensive axillary LAP contrary to our expectation. Modified radical mastectomy was done and pathology analysis reported TB lymphadenitis associated with metastatic LAP. Under cover of anti-TB therapy adjuvant chemoradiation therapy was started. Accordingly, we recommend TB be ruled out in every patient who needs chemotherapy in the endemic region because chemotherapy may cause the extension of TB in the body.

  15. Patient satisfaction with TB care clinical consultations in Kampala: a ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    ... on treatment outcome. Keywords: Patient satisfaction, TB care clinical consultations, cross sectional study. ... Background: Tuberculosis (TB) remains a major global ... Measurement of outcome: Variables considered were; how long the ... Key: ART= Antiretroviral Therapy. Characteristic. Parameter n (%). Sex. Female.

  16. Tuberculosis: Learn the Signs and Symptoms of TB Disease

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... this? Submit What's this? Submit Button Past Emails Tuberculosis (TB) Disease: Symptoms and Risk Factors Language: English ( ... Español (Spanish) Recommend on Facebook Tweet Share Compartir Tuberculosis (TB) is a disease caused by bacteria that ...

  17. Comparison of PPD test in household contacts of smear-positive and -negative tuberculosis (TB

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Zohreh Azarkar

    2015-01-01

    Conclusions: The most important way to prevent TB is omission of the disease transmission sources (TB patients by anti-TB treatment. Extensive studies are needed to ensure that contacts of patients with pulmonary TB are identified and appropriately screened.

  18. Exploring workplace TB interventions with foreign-born Latino workers.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Eggerth, Donald E; Keller, Brenna M; Flynn, Michael A

    2018-05-15

    Persons born outside the United States are more likely to be diagnosed with tuberculosis disease (TB) than native-born individuals. Foreign-born Latinos at risk of TB may be difficult to reach with public health interventions due to cultural and institutional barriers. Workplaces employing large concentrations of foreign-born Latinos may be useful locations for TB interventions targeting this high-risk population. This study used a two-phase approach to investigate the feasibility of workplace TB interventions. The first phase investigated employer knowledge of TB and receptiveness to allowing TB interventions in their businesses through 5 structured interviews. The second phase investigated foreign-born workers' knowledge of TB and their receptiveness to receiving TB interventions in their places of employment through 12 focus groups stratified by gender and education. Phase 1: Only 1 of the 5 employers interviewed had a high level of knowledge about TB, and three had no knowledge other than that TB was a disease that involved coughing. They were receptive to workplace TB interventions, but were concerned about lost productivity and customers finding out if an employee had TB. Phase 2: There was no observed differences in responses between gender and between the bottom two education groups, so the final analysis took place between a gender-combined lower education group and higher education group. The higher education group tended to have knowledge that was more accurate and to view TB as a disease associated with poverty. The lower education group tended to have more misconceptions about TB and more often expressed concern that their employers would not support worksite interventions. The results from both phases indicate that more TB education is needed among both foreign-born Latino workers and their employers. Obstacles to implementing workplace TB interventions include knowledge, potential productivity loss, employer liability, and perceived customer response

  19. Diagnosis of active TB using aptamers

    CSIR Research Space (South Africa)

    Khati, M

    2013-08-01

    Full Text Available of the disease. We have shown in a proof-of-concept case-controlled study that the aptamer-based diagnostic tool was able to accurately detect all cases of active TB from sputum samples of patients, including smear-negative culture positive and samples from...

  20. Antiretroviral treatment uptake in patients with HIV- associated TB ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    ART results in a 64 - 95% reduction in mortality risk 5 and is an essential component of care. How soon to start. ART after TB treatment initiation has become clearer from randomised controlled trials. These show that integration of ART and TB treatment in all HIV-associated TB patients regardless of CD4 count significantly.

  1. Assessment of the Diagnostic Potential of Clinotech TB Screen Test ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    The Clinotech TB Screen test, a 3rd generation multi-antigen rapid chromatographic immunoassay for detection of IgG antibodies in serum against recombinant protein antigens 38kDa, 16kDa and 6kDa, was assessed for its diagnostic potential for diagnosis of active pulmonary TB in routine TB control programme in Abia ...

  2. Antiretroviral treatment uptake in patients with HIV associated TB ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Background. Delivery of integrated care for patients with HIV-associated TB is challenging. We assessed the uptake and timing of antiretroviral treatment (ART) among eligible patients attending a primary care service with co-located ART and TB clinics. Methods. In a retrospective cohort study, all HIV-associated TB patients ...

  3. Evaluation of the exchange interaction and crystal fields in a prototype Dy2 SMM

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zhang, Qing; Sarachik, Myriam; Baker, Michael; Chen, Yizhang; Kent, Andrew; Pineda, Eufemio; McInnes, Eric

    In order to gain an understanding of the INS and magnetization data obtained for Dy2, the simplest member of a newly synthesized family of dysprosium-based molecular magnets, we report on calculations of the magnetic behavior of a Dy2 cluster with the formula [hqH2][Dy2(hq)4(NO3)3].MeOH. The molecular complex contains one high symmetry Dy(III) ion and one low symmetry Dy(III) ion. Our calculations suggest that exchange coupling between the two ions controls the behavior of the magnetization at low temperature, while the crystal field of the low symmetry Dy(III) ion controls the behavior at higher temperature. A point charge electrostatic model, based on crystallographic coordinates, provides a starting point for the determination of the crystal field. Parameters in these calculations are adjusted to provide best fits to inelastic neutron scattering data (INS) and low temperature magnetometry: the INS measurements access crystal field energies and low temperature magnetization probes the Dy-Dy exchange interaction. Work supported by ARO W911NF-13-1-1025 (CCNY) and NSF-DMR-1309202 (NYU).

  4. Thermal neutron detection by activation of CaSO4:Dy + KBr thermoluminescent phosphors

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Gordon, A.M.P.L.; Muccillo, R.

    1979-01-01

    Thermoluminescence (TL) studies to detect thermal neutrons were performed in cold-pressed CaSO 4 :0,1%Dy + KBr samples. The detection is based on the self-irradiation of the CaSO 4 :Dy TL phosphor by the Br isotopes activated by exposure to a mixed neutron-gamma field. (Author) [pt

  5. Gamma ray induced sensitization in CaSO4:Dy and competing trap model

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Nagpal, J.S.; Kher, R.K.; Gangadharan, P.

    1979-01-01

    Gamma ray induced sensitization in CaSO 4 :Dy has been compared (by measurement of TL glow curves) for different temperatures during irradiation (25 0 , 120 0 and 250 0 C). Enhanced sensitization at elevated temperatures seems to support the competing trap model for supralinearity and sensitization in CaSO 4 :Dy. (author)

  6. Synthesis, structure and magnetic properties of DyAl2 nanoparticles

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Zhang, W.S.; Brueck, E.; Zhang, Z.D.; Tegus, O.; Li, W.F.; Si, P.Z.; Geng, D.Y.; Klaasse, J.C.P.; Buschow, K.H.J.

    2006-01-01

    DyAl 2 nanoparticles have been prepared by means of arc discharge in a mixture of argon and hydrogen gas. The structure of DyAl 2 nanoparticles is studied by means of X-ray diffraction, X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy, and high-resolution transmission electron microscopy. X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy shows that the as-prepared DyAl 2 nanoparticles are coated with a layer of Al 2 O 3 phase on the surface, and their sizes vary from 20 nm to about 100 nm. The DyAl 2 nanoparticles exhibit ferromagnetic properties that are different from bulk DyAl 2 compound. The gradual decrease of the magnetization with increasing temperature in a wide temperature range reveals the size distribution of the DyAl 2 nanoparticles. The magnetic-entropy changes are derived from the isothermal magnetization curves measured at different temperatures. The magnetic-entropy change of the DyAl 2 nanoparticles is lower than that of the bulk DyAl 2 material but has a broadened peak

  7. Magnetic properties of the germanides RE3Pt4Ge6 (RE=Y, Pr, Nd, Sm, Gd-Dy)

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Eustermann, Fabian; Eilers-Rethwisch, Matthias; Renner, Konstantin; Hoffmann, Rolf-Dieter; Poettgen, Rainer; Janka, Oliver; Oldenburg Univ.

    2017-01-01

    The germanides RE 3 Pt 4 Ge 6 (RE=Y, Pr, Nd, Sm, Gd-Dy) have been synthesized by arc-melting of the elements followed by inductive annealing to improve the crystallinity and allow for structural order. The compounds have been studied by powder X-ray diffraction; additionally the structure of Y 3 Pt 4 Ge 6 has been refined from single-crystal X-ray diffractometer data. It exhibits a (3+1)D modulated structure, indicating isotypism with Ce 3 Pt 4 Ge 6 . The crystal structure can be described as an intergrowth between YIrGe 2 - and CaBe 2 Ge 2 -type slabs along [100]. Temperature-dependent magnetic susceptibility measurements showed Pauli paramagnetism for Y 3 Pt 4 Ge 6 and Curie-Weiss paramagnetism for Pr 3 Pt 4 Ge 6 and Nd 3 Pt 4 Ge 6 . Sm 3 Pt 4 Ge 6 exhibits van Vleck paramagnetism, while antiferromagnetic ordering at T N =8.1(1) K and T N =11.0(1) K is observed for Gd 3 Pt 4 Ge 6 and Tb 3 Pt 4 Ge 6 , respectively.

  8. The energy response of CaF2:Dy

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Ben-Shachar, B.; German, U.; Weiser, G.

    1982-11-01

    The energy response of CaF 2 :Dy was measured for 40-1250 keV photons and a very strong dependence was found below 200 keV. In order to fit the crystal to the requirements of the American Standards for Environmental Dosimetry, a number of filters which improve the energy dependence, were checked. It was found that the best filter is one which is made of 3 layers: tantalum, lead and aluminium, 0.018, 0.014 and 0.26 cm thick, respectively. (Author)

  9. High overexpression of dye decolorizing peroxidase TfuDyP leads to the incorporation of heme precursor protoporphyrin IX

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Colpa, Dana I.; Fraaije, Marco W.

    2016-01-01

    Highlights • Dye decolorizing peroxidase TfuDyP binds heme and protoporphyrin IX in vivo. • The activity of TfuDyP is dependent on the expression level in E. coli. • Expression of fully functional DyPs can be tuned by the type of expression host and expression conditions. The heterologous

  10. Coercivity enhancement in hot deformed Nd2Fe14B-type magnets by doping low-melting RCu alloys (R = Nd, Dy, Nd + Dy)

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lee, Y. I.; Huang, G. Y.; Shih, C. W.; Chang, W. C.; Chang, H. W.; You, J. S.

    2017-10-01

    Magnetic properties of the anisotropic NdFeB magnets prepared by hot pressing followed by die-upsetting NdFeB MQU-F powders doped with low-melting RCu alloy powders were explored, where RCu stands for Nd70Cu30, Dy70Cu30 and (Nd0.5Dy0.5)70Cu30, respectively. In addition, the post-annealing at 600 °C was employed to modify the microstructures and the magnetic properties of the hot deformed magnets. It is found that doping RCu alloy powders is effective in enhancing the coercivity of the hot deformed NdFeB magnets from 15.1 kOe to 16.3-19.5 kOe. For Nd70Cu30-doped magnets, the increment of coercivity is only 1.2 kOe. Meanwhile, Dy70Cu30-doped and (Nd0.5Dy0.5)70Cu30-doped magnets show an almost identical enhancement of coercivity of about 4.4 kOe. Importantly, the latter magnet shows a beneficial effect of reducing the usage of Dy from 1.6 wt% to 0.8 wt%. TEM analysis shows that nonmagnetic Nd, Dy and Cu appear at grain boundary and isolate the magnetic grains, leading to an enhancement of coercivity. Doping lower melting point Dy-lean (Nd0.5Dy0.5)70Cu30 powders into commercial MQU-F powders for making high coercivity hot deformed NdFeB magnets might be a potential and economic way for mass production.

  11. TIME Impact - a new user-friendly tuberculosis (TB) model to inform TB policy decisions.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Houben, R M G J; Lalli, M; Sumner, T; Hamilton, M; Pedrazzoli, D; Bonsu, F; Hippner, P; Pillay, Y; Kimerling, M; Ahmedov, S; Pretorius, C; White, R G

    2016-03-24

    Tuberculosis (TB) is the leading cause of death from infectious disease worldwide, predominantly affecting low- and middle-income countries (LMICs), where resources are limited. As such, countries need to be able to choose the most efficient interventions for their respective setting. Mathematical models can be valuable tools to inform rational policy decisions and improve resource allocation, but are often unavailable or inaccessible for LMICs, particularly in TB. We developed TIME Impact, a user-friendly TB model that enables local capacity building and strengthens country-specific policy discussions to inform support funding applications at the (sub-)national level (e.g. Ministry of Finance) or to international donors (e.g. the Global Fund to Fight AIDS, Tuberculosis and Malaria).TIME Impact is an epidemiological transmission model nested in TIME, a set of TB modelling tools available for free download within the widely-used Spectrum software. The TIME Impact model reflects key aspects of the natural history of TB, with additional structure for HIV/ART, drug resistance, treatment history and age. TIME Impact enables national TB programmes (NTPs) and other TB policymakers to better understand their own TB epidemic, plan their response, apply for funding and evaluate the implementation of the response.The explicit aim of TIME Impact's user-friendly interface is to enable training of local and international TB experts towards independent use. During application of TIME Impact, close involvement of the NTPs and other local partners also builds critical understanding of the modelling methods, assumptions and limitations inherent to modelling. This is essential to generate broad country-level ownership of the modelling data inputs and results. In turn, it stimulates discussions and a review of the current evidence and assumptions, strengthening the decision-making process in general.TIME Impact has been effectively applied in a variety of settings. In South Africa, it

  12. Obstructive lung disease as a complication in post pulmonary TB

    Science.gov (United States)

    Tarigan, A. P.; Pandia, P.; Eyanoer, P.; Tina, D.; Pratama, R.; Fresia, A.; Tamara; Silvanna

    2018-03-01

    The case of post TB is a problem that arises in the community. Pulmonary tuberculosis (TB) can affect lung function. Therefore, we evaluated impaired pulmonary function in subjects with diagnosed prior pulmonary TB. A Case Series study, pulmonary function test was performed in subjects with a history of pulmonary tuberculosis; aged ≥18 years were included. Exclusion criteria was a subject who had asthma, obesity, abnormal thorax and smoking history. We measured FEV1 and FVC to evaluate pulmonary function. Airflow obstruction was FEV1/FVC%pulmonary TB, 5 subjects (23%) had airflow obstruction with FEV1/FVC% value pulmonary TB.

  13. Correlating states across isomers in 152Ho isotope

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Pramanik, Dibyadyuti; Dey, G.; Sarkar, S.; Bisoi, A.; Ray, S.; Kshetri, R.; Ray, I.; Pradhan, M.K.; Goswami, A.; Banerjee, P.; Mukherjee, A.; Bhattacharya, S.; Saha Sarkar, M.; Chakraborty, A.; Krishichayan; Ganguly, S.; Ray Basu, M.; Ganguly, G.; Raut, R.; Ghugre, S.S.; Sinha, A.K.; Basu, S.K.

    2011-01-01

    The odd-odd 152 Ho (N = 85) is a very interesting candidate for investigation of interplay of single - particle oblate states and prolate collective states, because it is situated between the N=82 shell closure and the strongly collective N > 87 region. It has been shown that there is a possibility of shape coexistence even at lower spins in 153 Ho. The structural evolution of Ho isotopes from A = 151 to 154 has also been studied. The features observed have been interpreted theoretically using shell model as well as Total Routhian surface calculations. Results have been combined with that for 153 Ho to study the evolution of structural features in these Ho isotopes with increasing neutron numbers and increasing spin. In the present work, experimental data on 152 Ho have been analysed to connect the three groups of transitions and confirm the possibility of a fourth isomer in the excitation spectrum

  14. Alpha particle spectra in coincidence with normal and superdeformed states in {sup 150}Tb

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Viesti, G.; Lunardon, M.; Bazzacco, D. [dell`Universita, Padova (Italy)]|[INFN, Padova (Italy)] [and others

    1996-12-31

    The study of correlations between particle evaporation from highly excited compound nuclei at large angular momenta and the states in the final evaporation residues (ER) is a field of investigation which has been opened, in the last years, with the advent of the new large {gamma}-ray arrays. It is now possible to correlate the evaporation spectra to various bands with shapes ranging from spherical to superdeformed (SD) in the same final nucleus. It is generally accepted that the particle evaporation from the compound nucleus is chaotic and that only in the near-yrast {gamma} cascade, where the feeding of different classes of states takes place, the ordered motion is restored. The sensitivity of the particle spectra on the feeding of specific states in the residual nuclei can be taken as an indication that additional degrees of freedom might be important in the evaporation process or that particular regions of the phase space open to the decay populate preferentially some selected structures in the final cold nucleus. This latter point is important for the understanding of the feeding mechanism of SD states. Several experiments performed so far did not find a clear dependence of the shapes of the particle spectra on the excited states having different deformations in the ER. For example, the proton spectra in coincidence with transitions in the SD bands of {sup 133}Nd and {sup 152}Dy nuclei were found to be similar to those in coincidence with transitions in the normal deformed (ND) bands. Alpha particles have been proposed since long as a sensitive probe of the deformation of the emitting nucleus. Results are presented here of an experiment in which the authors have measured the energy spectra of alpha particles associated with different classes of states (ND and SD) in the {sup 150}Tb nucleus populated in the reaction {sup 37}Cl({sup 120}Sn, {alpha}3n{gamma}){sup 150}Tb.

  15. High spin levels in 151Ho

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Gizon, J.; Gizon, A.; Andre, S.; Genevey, J.; Jastrzebski, J.; Kossakowski, R.; Moszinski, M.; Preibisz, Z.

    1981-02-01

    We report here on the first study of the level structure of 151 Ho. High spin levels in 151 Ho have been populated in the 141 Pr + 16 O and 144 Sm + 12 C reactions. The level structure has been established up to 6.6 MeV energy and the spins and particles determined up to 49/2 - . Most of the proposed level configurations can be explained by the coupling of hsub(11/2) protons to fsub(7/2) and/or hsub(9/2) neutrons. An isomer with 14 +- 3 ns half-life and a delayed gamma multiplicity equal to 17 +- 2 has been found. Its spin is larger than 57/2 h units

  16. Thermoluminescence in films of HfO2:Dy+3

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Ceron, P.; Rivera, T.; Guzman, J.; Montes, E.; Pelaez, A.; Rojas, B.; Guzman, D.; Azorin, J.; Paredes, L.

    2014-08-01

    In this work the thermoluminescence (TL) response of films of hafnium oxide polluted with dysprosium (HfO 2 :Dy +3 ) that were irradiated in the near UV (200 nm - 400 nm). The films were deposited by means of the ultrasonics spray pyrolysis technique on a glass substrate, using different deposit temperatures (300 grades C - 600 grades C). The best TL emission corresponded to the prepared film to 450 grades C that was exposed to a spectral irradiation of 80 μJ/(cm 2 -s) with a wave longitude of 240 nm. The TL response in function of the spectral irradiation was lineal in the studied interval (24 to 288 mJ/cm 2 ), several kinetic parameters were also calculated of the shine curve as depth of the trap (E), frequency factor (s) and order to the kinetics (b). The obtained results show that the films of HfO 2 :Dy +3 could be used as radiation monitor in the region of the near UV. (Author)

  17. Magnetic dipole excitations of the 163Dy nucleus

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zenginerler, Zemine; Tabar, Emre; Yakut, Hakan; Kuliev, Ali Akbar; Guliyev, Ekber

    2014-03-01

    In this study some properties of the magnetic dipole excitations of the deformed odd mass 163Dy nucleus were studied by using Quasiparticle-phonon nuclear model (QPNM). The several of the ground-state and low-lying magnetic dipole (M1) mode characteristics were calculated for deformed odd-mass nuclei using a separable Hamiltonian within the QPNM. The M1 excited states, reduced transition probabilities B(M1), the ground-state magnetic properties such as magnetic moment (μ), intrinsic magnetic moment (gK) , effective spin factor (gseff.) are the fundamental characteristics of the odd-mass nucleus and provide key information to understand nuclear structure. The theoretical results were compared with the available experimental data and other theoretical approaches. Calculations show that the spin-spin interaction in this isotopes leads to polarization effect influencing the magnetic moments. Furthermore we found a strong fragmentation of the M1 strength in 163Dy nucleus which was in qualitative agreement with the experimental data. Sakarya University, Project Number: 2012-50-02-007 and Z.Zenginerler acknowledge to TUBITAK-TURKEY 2013, fellowship No: 2219.

  18. Technology and tuberculosis control: the OUT-TB Web experience.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Guthrie, Jennifer L; Alexander, David C; Marchand-Austin, Alex; Lam, Karen; Whelan, Michael; Lee, Brenda; Furness, Colin; Rea, Elizabeth; Stuart, Rebecca; Lechner, Julia; Varia, Monali; McLean, Jennifer; Jamieson, Frances B

    2017-04-01

    Develop a tool to disseminate integrated laboratory, clinical, and demographic case data necessary for improved contact tracing and outbreak detection of tuberculosis (TB). In 2007, the Public Health Ontario Laboratories implemented a universal genotyping program to monitor the spread of TB strains within Ontario. Ontario Universal Typing of TB (OUT-TB) Web utilizes geographic information system (GIS) technology with a relational database platform, allowing TB control staff to visualize genotyping matches and microbiological data within the context of relevant epidemiological and demographic data. OUT-TB Web is currently available to the 8 health units responsible for >85% of Ontario's TB cases and is a valuable tool for TB case investigation. Users identified key features to implement for application enhancements, including an e-mail alert function, customizable heat maps for visualizing TB and drug-resistant cases, socioeconomic map layers, a dashboard providing TB surveillance metrics, and a feature for animating the geographic spread of strains over time. OUT-TB Web has proven to be an award-winning application and a useful tool. Developed and enhanced using regular user feedback, future versions will include additional data sources, enhanced map and line-list filter capabilities, and development of a mobile app. © The Author 2016. Published by Oxford University Press on behalf of the American Medical Informatics Association. All rights reserved. For Permissions, please email: journals.permissions@oup.com

  19. Lay beliefs of TB and TB/HIV co-infection in Addis Ababa, Ethiopia: a qualitative study

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Frich Jan C

    2011-08-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background Knowledge about lay beliefs of etiology, transmission and treatment of TB, and lay perceptions of the relationship between TB and HIV is important for understanding patients' health seeking behavior and adherence to treatment. We conducted a study to explore lay beliefs about TB and TB/HIV co-infection in Addis Ababa, Ethiopia. Findings We conducted a qualitative study using in-depth interviews with 15 TB/HIV co-infected patients and 9 health professionals and focus group discussions with 14 co-infected patients in Addis-Ababa, Ethiopia. We found that a predominant lay belief was that TB was caused by exposure to cold. Excessive sun exposure, exposure to mud, smoking, alcohol, khat and inadequate food intake were also reported as causes for TB. Such beliefs initially led to self-treatment. The majority of patients were aware of an association between TB and HIV. Some reported that TB could transform into HIV, while others said that the body could be weakened by HIV and become more susceptible to illnesses such as TB. Some patients classified TB as either HIV-related or non-HIV-related, and weight loss was a hallmark for HIV-related TB. The majority of patients believed that people in the community knew that there was an association between TB and HIV, and some feared that this would predispose them to HIV-related stigma. Conclusion There is a need for culturally sensitive information and educational efforts to address misperceptions about TB and HIV. Health professionals should provide information about causes and treatment of TB and HIV to co-infected patients.

  20. Nuclear spectroscopy of very proton rich nuclei through HI induced reactions; the 14s high spin isomer in /sup 95/Pd

    CERN Document Server

    Nolte, E; Geier, R; Gui, S Z; Heim, U; Hick, H; Komninos, P; Korschinek, G; Kubik, P; Morinaga, H; Schollmeier, W

    1981-01-01

    /sup 40/Ca, /sup 58/Ni and /sup 60/Ni beams from the Munich tandem and the Munich heavy ion postaccelerator have been used to produce very proton rich nuclei in the N=50 N=82 regions. The residual nuclei have been studied with the help of gamma and particle spectroscopy. The level schemes of /sup 95/Rh, /sup 146/Dy and /sup 150/Er and the beta -decay schemes, /sup 95/Pd/sup m/ to /sup 95/Rh, /sup 144/Tb to /sup 144/Gd, /sup 146/Ho to /sup 146/Dy to /sup 146/Tb to /sup 146/Gd, /sup 148/Er to /sup 148/Ho to /sup 148/Dy and /sup 150/Tm to /sup 150/Er to /sup 150/Dy have been investigated. beta delayed proton emission from a J/sup pi / approximately=21/sup +/ isomeric state in /sup 95/Pd has been observed. (12 refs).

  1. High Field Magnetization of Tb Single Crystals

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Roeland, L. W.; Cock, G. J.; Lindgård, Per-Anker

    1975-01-01

    Hamiltonian including isotropic exchange interactions, effective single-ion anisotropy and magnetoelastic contributions. The parameters of this Hamiltonian were determined by fitting the theoretical results for the spin wave dispersion and energy gap as a function of temperature and magnetic field to existing...... data on Tb. The conduction-electron polarization at zero field and temperature is (0.33+or-0.05) mu B/ion, and the susceptibility is greater than the Pauli susceptibility calculated from the band-structure....

  2. Radiorespirometry in TB diagnosis and drug discovery

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Ray Mukti, K.; Kulkarni, Savita; Rajan, M.G.R.

    2015-01-01

    Tuberculosis remains a major health problem worldwide and especially in India with 1.9 million new cases and 0.35 million deaths per year. Early and rapid diagnosis of pulmonary tuberculosis is mandatory for controlling the transmission of the disease. Conventional test like sputum AFB is not sensitive and gold standard culture test is time consuming. Our laboratory has standardized a Radiorespirometry technique for primary diagnosis which offers advantage of both less turnaround time and sensitivity. Radiorespirometry is a true radiotracer technique that detects the presence of live microorganism in a biological sample. In this method, bacteria (or clinical sample) is inoculated into a medium supplemented with radiolabelled ( 14 C) carbon compounds. Only metabolically active organism present in the sample will metabolize the carbon source and produce radiolabelled carbon dioxide ( 14 CO 2 ) . This 14 CO 2 can be efficiently trapped in an alkaline-scintillant matrix and counted in a liquid scintillation counter. The whole thing is suitably assembled in a regular scintillation vial. We used radiorespirometry in a retrospective study using culture positive sputum samples (which was detected positive by culture in 3-8 weeks time) and it detected presence of TB bacilli in 1 to 3 weeks. Further, series of Phenyl acrylamide derivatives synthesized against RecA of mycobacteria were evaluated for anti-TB properties using radiorespirometry. More than 90% of the compounds exhibited anti-TB properties with MIC 3.25 to 25 μg/ml. Structure activity relationship of these compound was studied to understand the anti-TB pharmacophores. Interesting results obtained using radiorespirometry will be discussed. (author)

  3. Magnetic and Moessbauer studies on GdCo3B2 and DyCo3B2

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Malik, S.K.; Umarji, A.M.; Shenoy, G.K.

    1984-10-01

    Magnetization and Moessbauer studies have been carried out on GdCo 3 B 2 and DyCo 3 B 2 . These compounds are magnetically ordered with Curie temperatures of 56 0 and 21 0 K respectively. The Co atoms are either nonmagnetic or carry a small moment in these compounds. The saturation moment of DyCo 3 B 2 at 5 0 K is smaller than the Dy 3+ free-ion value. From 161 Dy Moessbauer studies, the measured hyperfine magnetic field at the Dy site is also observed to be smaller than the free-ion value. 155 Gd Moessbauer measurements in GdCo 3 B 2 reveal the presence of large crystalline electric fields at the rare earth site. This causes the moment and the hyperfine field at the Dy site in DyCo 3 B 2 to be reduced from its free-ion value

  4. Enhanced ultraviolet photo-response in Dy doped ZnO thin film

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kumar, Pawan; Singh, Ranveer; Pandey, Praveen C.

    2018-02-01

    In the present work, a Dy doped ZnO thin film deposited by the spin coating method has been studied for its potential application in a ZnO based UV detector. The investigations on the structural property and surface morphology of the thin film ensure that the prepared samples are crystalline and exhibit a hexagonal crystal structure of ZnO. A small change in crystallite size has been observed due to Dy doping in ZnO. AFM analysis ascertains the grain growth and smooth surface of the thin films. The Dy doped ZnO thin film exhibits a significant enhancement in UV region absorption as compared to the pure ZnO thin film, which suggests that Dy doped ZnO can be used as a UV detector. Under UV irradiation of wavelength 325 nm, the photocurrent value of Dy doped ZnO is 105.54 μA at 4.5 V, which is 31 times greater than that of the un-doped ZnO thin film (3.39 μA). The calculated value of responsivity is found to increase significantly due to the incorporation of Dy in the ZnO lattice. The observed higher value of photocurrent and responsivity could be attributed to the substitution of Dy in the ZnO lattice, which enhances the conductivity, electron mobility, and defects in ZnO and benefits the UV sensing property.

  5. Physical and optical properties of lithium borosilicate glasses doped with Dy3+ ions

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ramteke, D. D.; Gedam, R. S.; Swart, H. C.

    2018-04-01

    The borosilicate glasses with Dy3+ ions were prepared by the melt quench technique with varying concentration of Dy2O3. The glasses were characterized by the density calculation, absorbance and photoluminescence (PL) spectroscopy measurements. Density and molar volume of the glasses increases with increase in Dy3+ ions in the glass matrix. This behavior is correlated with the higher molecular weight and larger ionic radius of Dy3+ ion compared to the other constituents of glass matrix. Emission of Dy3+ doped glasses showed three bands at 482, 573 and at 665 nm which correspond to 6H15/2 (blue), 6H13/2 (yellow) and 6H11/2 (red) transitions. The emission spectra of glasses with different concentration of Dy3+ ions shows that, glasses with 0.5 mol% of Dy2O3 shows highest emission and decreases with further doping. CIE 1931 chromaticity diagram showed that the emission of these glasses was in the white region. Photographs of these glasses under 349 nm Light emitting diode excitation also confirmed the white light emission from these glasses.

  6. Mean field analysis of exchange coupling in amorphous DyFe2-B alloy ribbons

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Lee, J.M.; Jung, J.K.; Lim, S.H.

    2001-01-01

    Experimental magnetization-temperature curves for melt-spun ribbons of amorphous alloys (Dy 0.33 Fe 0.67 ) 1-x B x with x=0, 0.05, 0.1 and 0.15 (in atomic fraction) are fitted with theoretical equations based on the mean field theory in order to investigate exchange couplings between constituent elements as a function of the B content. The sign of the exchange coupling between Dy and Fe is negative, indicating that the magnetization direction of Dy is antiparallel to that of Fe. The sign of the other two couplings are positive. The exchange coupling between Fe ions are greatest, while that between Dy ions is negligible. The exchange couplings between Fe ions, and between Dy and Fe increase with increasing B content, the increase of the latter being much greater than the former. Resulting, the exchange coupling between Dy and Fe becomes about one half of that between Fe ions at the highest B content. The increase of the exchange coupling between Fe ions may be explained by the increase of the Fe-Fe separation with the increase of the B content. The total magnetization is dominated by the Dy sublattice magnetization. As the B content increases, the magnetization decreases over the whole temperature range, and the Curie temperature also decreases

  7. Co-precipitation synthesis of YAG:Dy nanophosphor and its thermometric properties

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Chong, Joo-Yun; Zhang, Yuelan; Wagner, Brent K.; Kang, Zhitao

    2013-01-01

    Highlights: •YAG:Dy nanophosphors were synthesized with particle size of about 50 nm. •Optimized doping concentration of 6%Dy was determined. •Thermometric photoluminescence properties were studied between 20 and 350 °C. •Temperature-sensitive change in peak ratio of 496/457 nm emissions was demonstrated. •Suitable for potential thermographic applications when dispersed in a liquid media. -- Abstract: Dy 3+ doped yttrium aluminum garnet (YAG) nanophosphors were synthesized by a co-precipitation method for potential thermographic applications in a liquid media dispersed with fluorescent nanoparticles. The doping concentration and annealing temperature on the structural and optical properties of YAG:Dy were investigated. Pure phase YAG:Dy nanophosphors were obtained by annealing the co-precipitated hydroxide products at above 900 °C. Maximum photoluminescence intensity was observed from 6%Dy doped YAG samples. The effect of measuring temperature between 20 and 350 °C on the photoluminescence spectra of nano YAG:Dy was investigated. A temperature-sensitive change in the peak intensity ratio of 496/457 nm emission lines was demonstrated for such nanophosphors for the first time, suggesting potential applications in temperature monitoring of fuel spray

  8. Co-precipitation synthesis of YAG:Dy nanophosphor and its thermometric properties

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Chong, Joo-Yun [School of Chemical and Biomolecular Engineering, Georgia Institute of Technology, Atlanta, GA 30332 (United States); Zhang, Yuelan [School of Materials Science and Engineering, Georgia Institute of Technology, Atlanta, GA 30332 (United States); Wagner, Brent K. [Georgia Tech Research Institute, Georgia Institute of Technology, Atlanta, GA 30332 (United States); Kang, Zhitao, E-mail: zhitao.kang@gtri.gatech.edu [Georgia Tech Research Institute, Georgia Institute of Technology, Atlanta, GA 30332 (United States); School of Materials Science and Engineering, Georgia Institute of Technology, Atlanta, GA 30332 (United States)

    2013-12-25

    Highlights: •YAG:Dy nanophosphors were synthesized with particle size of about 50 nm. •Optimized doping concentration of 6%Dy was determined. •Thermometric photoluminescence properties were studied between 20 and 350 °C. •Temperature-sensitive change in peak ratio of 496/457 nm emissions was demonstrated. •Suitable for potential thermographic applications when dispersed in a liquid media. -- Abstract: Dy{sup 3+} doped yttrium aluminum garnet (YAG) nanophosphors were synthesized by a co-precipitation method for potential thermographic applications in a liquid media dispersed with fluorescent nanoparticles. The doping concentration and annealing temperature on the structural and optical properties of YAG:Dy were investigated. Pure phase YAG:Dy nanophosphors were obtained by annealing the co-precipitated hydroxide products at above 900 °C. Maximum photoluminescence intensity was observed from 6%Dy doped YAG samples. The effect of measuring temperature between 20 and 350 °C on the photoluminescence spectra of nano YAG:Dy was investigated. A temperature-sensitive change in the peak intensity ratio of 496/457 nm emission lines was demonstrated for such nanophosphors for the first time, suggesting potential applications in temperature monitoring of fuel spray.

  9. Mechanical properties, corrosion, and biocompatibility of Mg-Zr-Sr-Dy alloys for biodegradable implant applications.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ding, Yunfei; Lin, Jixing; Wen, Cuie; Zhang, Dongmei; Li, Yuncang

    2017-11-28

    This study investigates the microstructure, mechanical properties, corrosion behavior, and biocompatibility of magnesium (Mg)-based Mg1Zr2SrxDy (x = 0, 1, 1.63, 2.08 wt %) alloys for biodegradable implant applications. The corrosion behavior of the Mg-based alloys has been evaluated in simulated body fluid using an electrochemical technique and hydrogen evolution. The biocompatibility of the Mg-based alloys has been assessed using SaSO2 cells. Results indicate that the addition of Dy to Mg-Zr-Sr alloy showed a positive impact on the corrosion behavior and significantly decreased the degradation rates of the alloys. The degradation rate of Mg1Zr2Sr1.0Dy decreased from 17.61 to 12.50 mm year -1 of Mg1Zr2Sr2.08Dy based on the hydrogen evolution. The ultimate compressive strength decreased from 270.90 MPa for Mg1Zr2Sr1Dy to 236.71 MPa for Mg1Zr2Sr2.08Dy. An increase in the addition of Dy to the Mg-based alloys resulted in an increase in the volume fraction of the Mg 2 Dy phase, which mitigated the galvanic effect between the Mg 17 Sr 2 phase and the Mg matrix, and led to an increase in the corrosion resistance of the base alloy. The biocompatibility of the Mg-based alloys was enhanced with decreasing corrosion rates. Mg1Zr2Sr2.08Dy exhibited the lowest corrosion rate and the highest biocompatibility compared with the other Mg-based alloys. © 2017 Wiley Periodicals, Inc. J Biomed Mater Res Part B: Appl Biomater, 2017. © 2017 Wiley Periodicals, Inc.

  10. Determination of Antimicrobial Activity of the Dyed Silk Fabrics with Some Natural Dyes

    OpenAIRE

    ALKAN, Rezan; TORGAN, Emine; AYDIN, Canan; KARADAG, Recep

    2015-01-01

    In this study, silk fabric is dyed with natural indigo. Dyed silk fabric with natural indigo was cut in the 20x20 cm2 size. Excluding a fabric, all fabrics were mordanted in the same percentage with alum metal (KAl(SO4)2.12H2O). Then, silk fabrics for green color dyeing are dyed separately with weld (Reseda luteola), gall oak (Quercus infectoria Olivier) and together weld (Reseda luteola) and gall oak (Quercus infectoria) in different percentage. Antimicrobial functionality of the twenty seve...

  11. Epitaxial growth and new phase of single crystal Dy by molecular beam epitaxy

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Yang, Kai-Yueh; Homma, Hitoshi; Schuller, I.K.

    1987-09-01

    We have grown two novel epitaxial phases of dysprosium (Dy) on vanadium (V) by molecular beam epitaxy technique. Surface and bulk structures are studied by in-situ reflection high energy electron diffraction (RHEED) and x-ray diffraction techniques. The new hcp phases are ∼4% expanded uniformly in-plane (0001), and ∼9% and ∼4% expanded out of plane along the c-axes for non-interrupted and interrupted deposition case, respectively. We also observed (2 x 2), (3 x 3), and (4 x 4) Dy surface reconstruction patterns and a series of transitions as the Dy film thickness increases. 12 refs., 3 figs

  12. Magnetic exchange coupling in amorphous Fe80-xDy xB20 alloys

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Annouar, F.; Lassri, H.; Ayadi, M.; Omri, M.; Lassri, M.; Krishnan, R.

    2005-01-01

    Amorphous Fe 80-x Dy x B 20 alloys have been prepared by melt spinning and their magnetic properties have been studied. The mean field theory has been used to explain the temperature dependence of the magnetization. The exchange interactions between Co-Co and Dy-Co atom pairs have been evaluated. High-field magnetization studies on samples with stoichiometry close to that of a compensated ferrimagnet show a magnetic behavior that is characteristic of a non-collinear magnetic structure of the Dy and Fe sublattices. The region of the canted moments can be described by a phase diagram in the H-T plane

  13. Optimization of TB/HIV co-treatment in Ethiopian patients

    OpenAIRE

    Degu, Wondwossen Amogne

    2015-01-01

    Tuberculosis (TB) and HIV infection act with deadly synergy. HIV is the most important risk factor for latent TB reactivation and active TB progression following exposure or reinfection while TB accelerates HIV progression. TB is the most frequent cause of morbidity and mortality in HIV infection. Anti-TB therapy (ATT) must precede initiation of combination Antiretroviral Therapy (cART), TB being the most immediate threat. Undoubtedly cART benefits; however, important clinical ...

  14. PENGENDALIAN DALAM PENERBITAN IZIN GANGGUAN (HO

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Pebriana Marlinda

    2017-04-01

    Full Text Available Abstrak :            Penelitian tentang pengendalian dalam penerbitan izin gangguan (HO di Kecamatan Margahayu Kabupaten Bandung menjelaskan tentang tahap-tahap pengendalian yang dilakukan oleh aparat Kecamatan Margahayu. Pengendalian dilakukan untuk memastikan agar penerbitan izin gangguan (HO berjalan dengan efektif. Namun, masih ada pelaku usaha yang belum memiliki surat izin gangguan (HO ataupun pelaku usaha yang sudah memiliki surat izin gangguan (HO akan tetapi kegiatan usahanya merugkan orang lain seperti sampah yang berserakan, polusi udara, polusi suara, dan lain-lain.                            Metode penelitian yang digunakan adalah metode penelitian deduktif kualitatif dengan teknik pengumpulan data melalui studi kepustakaan dan studi lapangan yang meliputi observasi dan wawancara mendalam. Adapun penentuan informan dalam penelitian ini dipilih berdasarkan pertimbangan-pertimbangan dengan pihak-pihak yang terkait dalam pengendalian. Kemudian data yang diperoleh dari hasil wawancara dipaparkan dengan langkah-langkah yang meliputi: reduksi data, penyajian data, menarik kesimpulan/verifikasi. Teori yang digunakan penulis dalam penelitian ini adalah teori dari Stephen P. Robbins tentang tahap-tahap pengendalian yaitu: mengukur kinerja aktual, membandingkan kinerja aktual dengan standar, dan mengambil tindakan manajerial.                            Kesimpulan dari hasil penelitian ini adalah pengendalian yang dilakukan olehaparat Kecamatan Margahayu telah melalui tahap-tahap pengendalian yaitu: mengukur kinerja aktual, membandingkan kinerja aktual dengan standar, dan mengambil tindakan manajerial. Namun perlu dilakukan penguatan di setiap tahap pengendalian terutama pada tahap mengukur kinerja aktual dan pada tahap mengambil tindakan manajerial                            Penelitian tentang pengendalian dalam penerbitan izin gangguan (HO di Kecamatan

  15. Treatment Outcomes of Patients with Multidrug-Resistant Tuberculosis (MDR- TB) Compared with Non-MDR-TB Infections in Peninsular Malaysia.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Elmi, Omar Salad; Hasan, Habsah; Abdullah, Sarimah; Mat Jeab, Mat Zuki; Ba, Zilfalil; Naing, Nyi Nyi

    2016-07-01

    Treating patients with multidrug-resistant tuberculosis (MDR-TB) strains is more complicated, complex, toxic, expensive, than treating patients with susceptible TB strains. This study aims to compare the treatment outcomes and potential factors associated between patients with MDR-TB and non MDR TB infections in peninsular Malaysia. This study was a retrospective cohort study. Data were collected from the medical records of all registered MDR-TB patients and Non-MDR-TB patients at five TB hospitals in peninsular Malaysia from January 2010 to January 2014. A total of 314 subjects were studied, including 105 MDR-TB cases and 209 non-MDR-TB. After TB treatment, 24.8% of the MDR-TB patients and 17.7% of non MDR TB relapsed; 17.1% of the MDR-TB patients and 16.3% of non MDR TB defaulted from TB treatment. A significant difference seen in treatment success rate 17.1% for MDR-TB; 63.1% for non MDR TB (P history of TB treatment, and presence of HIV infection.

  16. EGR-1 regulates Ho-1 expression induced by cigarette smoke

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Chen, Huaqun; Wang, Lijuan; Gong, Tao; Yu, Yang; Zhu, Chunhua; Li, Fen; Wang, Li; Li, Chaojun

    2010-01-01

    As an anti-oxidant molecule, heme oxygenase-1 (HO-1) has been implicated in the protection of lung injury by cigarette smoke (CS). The mechanisms regulating its expression have not been defined. In this report, the role of early growth response 1 (EGR-1) in the regulation of Ho-1 expression was investigated. In C57BL/6 mice with CS exposure, HO-1 was greatly increased in bronchial epithelial cells and alveolar inflammatory cells. In primary cultured mouse lung fibroblasts and RAW264.7 cells exposed to cigarette smoke water extract (CSE), an increase in HO-1 protein level was detected. In addition, CSE induced HO-1 expression was decreased in Egr-1 deficient mouse embryo fibroblasts (Egr-1 -/- MEFs). Nuclear localization of EGR-1 was examined in mouse lung fibroblasts after exposure to CSE. Luciferase reporter activity assays showed that the enhancer region of the Ho-1 gene containing a proposed EGR-1 binding site was responsible for the induction of HO-1. A higher increase of alveolar mean linear intercept (Lm) was observed in lung tissues, and a larger increase in the number of total cells and monocytes/macrophages from bronchial alveolar lavage fluid was found in CS-exposed mice by loss of function of EGR-1 treatment. In summary, the present data demonstrate that EGR-1 plays a critical role in HO-1 production induced by CS.

  17. Lattice effects in HoVo(3) single crystal

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Sikora, M.; Marquina, C.; Ibarra, M. R.; Nugroho, A. A.; Palstra, T. T. M.

    We report the study of lattice effects in the Mott insulator HoVO3 performed by means of linear thermal expansion on a single crystal in the temperature range 10-290 K. The holmium orthovanadate HoVO3 reveals gradual orbital ordering (OO) below T-OO = 200K and orders antiferromagnetically at T-N =

  18. Fer-Ho Anaphora in Catalan: Semantic and Discourse Properties

    Science.gov (United States)

    Busquets, Joan

    2018-01-01

    This paper considers the anaphoric status of the pro-form "fer-ho" (do it) in Catalan [This paper contains some ideas included in Busquets (2005)]. I discuss some anaphoric properties of "fer-ho" as deep anaphora. I also compare these properties to those of other types of anaphora, like VPE and pseudogapping (pg). I show that…

  19. Reddish-orange, neutral and warm white emissions in Eu3+, Dy3+ and Dy3+/Eu3+ doped CdO-GeO2-TeO2 glasses

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rodríguez-Carvajal, David A.; Meza-Rocha, A. N.; Caldiño, U.; Lozada-Morales, R.; Álvarez, E.; Zayas, Ma. E.

    2016-11-01

    Eu3+, Dy3+ and Dy3+/Eu3+ doped CdO-GeO2-TeO2 glasses were prepared using the melt-quenching process and analyzed by X-diffraction, Raman spectroscopy, excitation and emission spectra, and emission decay time profiles. The lack of X ray diffraction peaks revealed that all samples are amorphous. Vibrational modes associated with Tesbnd Osbnd Te and Gesbnd Osbnd Ge related bonds and molecular oxygen were detected by Raman spectroscopy. The luminescence characteristics were studied upon excitations that correspond with the emission of InGaN (370-420 nm) based LEDs. The Eu3+ singly doped glass displayed reddish-orange global emission, with x = 0.601 and y = 0.349 CIE1931 chromaticity coordinates, upon 393 nm excitation. Neutral emission with x = 0.373 and y = 0.412 CIE1931 chromaticity coordinates and correlated color temperature (CCT) of 4400 K, was achieved in the Dy3+ singly doped glass excited at 388 nm. The Dy3+/Eu3+ co-doped glass exhibited warm, neutral and soft warm white emissions with CCT values of 3435, 4153 and 2740 K, under excitations at 382, 388 and 393 nm, respectively, depending mainly on the Dy3+ and Eu3+ relative excitation. The Dy3+ excitation bands observed in the Dy3+/Eu3+ glass by monitoring the 611 nm Eu3+ emission, suggest that Dy3+ → Eu3+ energy transfer takes place, despite the fact that the Dy3+ emission decays in the Dy3+ and Dy3+/Eu3+ doped glass, remain without changes. The shortening of Eu3+ decay in presence of Dy3+ was attributed to an Eu3+ → Dy3+ non-radiative energy transfer process, which according with the Inokuti-Hirayama model might be dominated through an electric quadrupole-quadrupole interaction, with efficiency and probability of 5.5% and 51.6 s-1, respectively.

  20. Ho:YLF pumped HBr laser

    CSIR Research Space (South Africa)

    Botha, LR

    2009-10-01

    Full Text Available , “Optically Pumped Mid-Infrared HBr Laser,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 30(10), 2395–2400 (1994). 2. C. S. Kletecka, N. Campbell, C. R. Jones, J. W. Nicolson, and W. Rudolph, “Cascade Lasing of Molecular HBr in the Four Micron Region Pumped by a Nd:YAG laser...-Infrared Coherent Sources, (European Physical Society 2009) Invited Talk Mo3. 5. C. Bollig, H. J. Strauss, M. J. D. Esser, W. Koen, M.Schellhorn, D. Preussler, K. Nyangaza, C. Jacobs, E. H. Bernardi and L. R. Botha, “Compact Fibre-Laser-Pumped Ho:YLF Oscillator...

  1. Sledování vlivu kvasinek na chemické a senzorické vlastnosti vyráběného vína

    OpenAIRE

    Petrášová, Ludmila

    2016-01-01

    Tato diplomová práce se zabývá sledováním vlivu kvasinek na chemické a senzorické vlastnosti vyráběného vína. Cílem experimentální části bylo pomocí metody SPME-GC-MS identifikovat aromaticky aktivní látky v kvasícím moštu a víně odrůdy Hibernal a ve víně Rulandské bílé. U obou odrůd byla při výrobě využita autochtonní kvasinka izolovaná v naší laboratoři z povrchu bobulí odrůdy Hibernal. Bylo zjištěno, že obě vyráběná vína mají při použití naší kvasinky podobný aromatický profil. K dalším cí...

  2. Photoluminescence and thermoluminescence characterization of Eu3+- and Dy3+ -activated Ca3(PO4)2 phosphor

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Nagpure, I.M.; Saha, Subhajit; Dhoble, S.J.

    2009-01-01

    Rare-earth-doped polycrystalline Ca 3 (PO 4 ) 2 :Eu, Ca 3 (PO 4 ) 2 :Dy and Ca 3 (PO 4 ) 2 :Eu,Dy phosphors prepared by a modified solid-state synthesis has been studied for its X-ray diffraction, thermoluminescence (TL) and photoluminescence (PL) characteristics. The PL emission spectra of the phosphor suggest the presence of Eu 3+ ion in Ca 3 (PO 4 ) 2 :Eu and Dy 3+ ion in Ca 3 (PO 4 ) 2 :Dy lattice sites. The TL glow curve of the Ca 3 (PO 4 ) 2 :Eu compounds has a simple structure with a prominent peak at 228 deg. C, while Ca 3 (PO 4 ) 2 :Dy peaking at 146 and 230 deg. C. TL sensitivity of phosphors are compared with CaSO 4 : Dy and found 1.52 and 1.20 times less in Ca 3 (PO 4 ) 2 :Eu and Ca 3 (PO 4 ) 2 :Dy phosphors, respectively. The Ca 3 (PO 4 ) 2 :Eu,Dy phosphors shows switching behavior under two different excitation wavelengths and enhancement in PL intensity of Dy 3+ ions were reported. The paper discusses the photoluminescence and thermoluminescence behavior of Eu 3+ and Dy 3+ ion in Ca 3 (PO 4 ) 2 hosts, it may be applicable to solid-state lighting as well as thermoluminescence dosimetry applications.

  3. Preparation of .sup.166./sup.Ho-Macroaggregates and .sup.166./sup.Ho-Chitosan for the Radiotherapy

    Czech Academy of Sciences Publication Activity Database

    Kropáček, Martin; Melichar, František; Mirzajevová, Marcela

    2002-01-01

    Roč. 29, č. 2 (2002), s. 382 ISSN 1619-7070 R&D Projects: GA MZd NM6828; GA AV ČR KSK4055109 Keywords : Holmium-166 * 166 Ho-macroaggregates * 166 Ho-chitosan Subject RIV: BG - Nuclear, Atomic and Molecular Physics, Colliders

  4. Dyeing of white and indigo dyed cotton fabrics with Mimosa tenuiflora extract

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Gökhan Erkan

    2014-04-01

    Full Text Available Mimosa tenuiflora extract has been used in food industry as an additive and in textile and leather industry as a colorant. Two types of fabrics, ready to be dyed white and indigo dyed fabrics, were dyed with M. tenuiflora extract. The fabrics were mordanted after dyeing with six different metal salts. Colorimetric evaluations of fabrics were carried out by spectrophotometer. Colour fastness to washing, rubbing and light were performed. Colour strength of fabrics was calculated from Kubelka–Munk formula. Highest vividness (C∗ values were obtained by Ni mordant. Moderate fastness values were observed. However poor wet rubbing fastness values were observed in the case of indigo dyed fabrics due to lack of good wet rubbing fastness of indigo itself.

  5. Fracture toughness of Dy123 low porosity bulks at liquid nitrogen temperature

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Murakami, A.; Otaka, K.; Miura, T.; Iwamoto, A.

    2011-01-01

    Fracture toughness values were measured for Dy123 bulks. Fracture toughness was improved by reducing porosity. Fracture toughness values at 77 K were higher than those at room temperature. Fracture toughness was also improved by Ag addition. In order to evaluate the fracture toughness of DyBa 2 Cu 3 O x (Dy123) low porosity bulks, bending tests of V-notched specimens cut from the bulks were carried out. Fracture toughness evaluations of a conventional Dy123 bulk which had pores were also carried out and effects of elimination of pores on the fracture toughness were investigated. Fracture toughness values at 77 K of the low porosity bulks were higher than those of the porous bulk. These fracture toughness values at 77 K were higher than the values at room temperature. Fracture toughness of the low porosity bulk was improved by Ag addition.

  6. Tailoring of magnetic properties of ultrathin epitaxial Fe films by Dy doping

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    A. A. Baker

    2015-07-01

    Full Text Available We report on the controlled modification of relaxation parameters and magnetic moments of epitaxial Fe thin films through Dy doping. Ferromagnetic resonance measurements show that an increase of Dy doping from 0.1% to 5% gives a tripling in Gilbert damping, and more importantly a strongly enhanced anisotropic damping that can be qualitatively understood through the slow-relaxing impurity model. X-ray magnetic circular dichroism measurements show a pronounced suppression of the orbital moment of the Fe with Dy doping, leading to an almost threefold drop in the orbital to spin moment ratio, ml/ms. Doping with Dy can therefore be used to control both dynamic and static properties of thin ferromagnetic films for improved performance in spintronics device applications, mediated through the antiferromagnetic interaction of the 4f and 3d states.

  7. Tailoring of magnetic properties of ultrathin epitaxial Fe films by Dy doping

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Baker, A. A. [Department of Physics, Clarendon Laboratory, University of Oxford, Oxford, OX1 3PU (United Kingdom); Magnetic Spectroscopy Group, Diamond Light Source, Didcot, OX11 0DE (United Kingdom); Figueroa, A. I.; Laan, G. van der [Magnetic Spectroscopy Group, Diamond Light Source, Didcot, OX11 0DE (United Kingdom); Hesjedal, T. [Department of Physics, Clarendon Laboratory, University of Oxford, Oxford, OX1 3PU (United Kingdom)

    2015-07-15

    We report on the controlled modification of relaxation parameters and magnetic moments of epitaxial Fe thin films through Dy doping. Ferromagnetic resonance measurements show that an increase of Dy doping from 0.1% to 5% gives a tripling in Gilbert damping, and more importantly a strongly enhanced anisotropic damping that can be qualitatively understood through the slow-relaxing impurity model. X-ray magnetic circular dichroism measurements show a pronounced suppression of the orbital moment of the Fe with Dy doping, leading to an almost threefold drop in the orbital to spin moment ratio, m{sub l}/m{sub s}. Doping with Dy can therefore be used to control both dynamic and static properties of thin ferromagnetic films for improved performance in spintronics device applications, mediated through the antiferromagnetic interaction of the 4f and 3d states.

  8. Synthesis, characterization and photoluminescence properties of Dy3+ -doped nano-crystalline SnO2.

    CSIR Research Space (South Africa)

    Pillai, SK

    2010-04-15

    Full Text Available the crystallite size. The experimental result on photoluminescence characteristics originating from Dy3+-doping in nanocrystalline SnO2 reveals the dependence of the luminescent intensity on dopant concentration....

  9. Preparation of CaSO4:Dy by precipitation method to gamma radiation dosimetry

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Rivera, T.; Roman, J.; Azorin, J.; Sosa, R.; Guzman, J.; Serrano, A.K.; Garcia, M.; Alarcon, G.

    2010-01-01

    This paper presents the results of the preparation and characterization of dysprosium-doped calcium sulfate (CaSO 4 :Dy) phosphor, which was obtained by homogeneous precipitation from calcium acetate Ca(CH 3 COO - ) 2 . Structural and morphological characteristics were studied using a scanning electronic microscope (SEM). The structure of all compounds was determined by X-ray diffraction method too. Thermoluminescence (TL) emission properties of CaSO 4 :Dy under gamma radiation effects were studied. This phosphor powder presented a TL glow curve with two peaks (Tmax) centered at around of 180 and 300 deg. C, respectively. The TL response of CaSO 4 :Dy as a function of gamma absorbed dose was linear in a wide range. Both emission and excitation spectra were also obtained. Results showed that this new preparation method of CaSO 4 :Dy TL phosphor is less expensive, cleaner and safer than the conventional preparation method.

  10. Judd-Ofelt Analysis of Dy3+-Activated Aluminosilicate Glasses Prepared by Sol-Gel Method

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sengthong, Buonyavong; Van Tuyen, Ho; An, Nguyen Thi Thai; Van Do, Phan; Hai, Nguyen Thi Quy; Chau, Pham Thi Minh; Quang, Vu Xuan

    2018-04-01

    Aluminosilicate (AS) glasses doped with different Dy3+ concentrations were synthesized via sol-gel method. Absorption, photoluminescence spectra and lifetime of this material have been studied. From analytical results of absorption spectra, the Judd-Ofelt (JO) parameters of prepared samples have been determined. These JO parameters combined with photoluminescence spectra have been used to evaluate transition probabilities ( A R), branching ratios ( β) and the calculated oscillator strengths of AS:Dy3+ glasses. The radiative branching ratio of 4F9/2 → 6H13/2 transition has a minimum value at 62.2% for β R which predicts that this transition in AS:Dy3+ glasses can give rise to lasing action. JO parameters show that the Ω2 increases with the increasing of Dy3+ ion concentration due to the increased polarizability of the average coordination medium and decreased average symmetry.

  11. The study on production of CaSO4 (Dy) dosimeters

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Sriratchatchaval, V.

    1989-05-01

    The purpose of this experiment is to find out the techniques of preparation and production and to study the characteristic of Thermoluminescence Dosimeter (TLD); CaSO 4 (Dy). This dosimeter is produced as pellets with 1.0 mm thickness and diameter 4.8 mm, which is suitable for gamma rays and X-rays detector. CeSO 4 (Dy) is prepared by adding Dy 2 O 3 (0.2 mole %Dy) to CaSO 4 .2H 2 O then taking this mixture to crystallize in conc. H 2 SO 4 at 300 0 C responds linearly to gamma rays in the range of 0.01-100 mGy and gives the highest peak at 205 0 C. This TLD is fading 3% per month, low sensitivity to light and the response of signal depends on the energy level of gamma rays

  12. Laccase treatment of recycled blue dyed paper: Physical properties and fiber charge

    Digital Repository Service at National Institute of Oceanography (India)

    Mohandass, C.; Knutson, K.; Ragauskas, A.J.

    Recycled blue colored paper was treated with laccase under various combinations of physical and chemical parameters including enzyme concentration, temperature, oxygen, and reaction time. Laccase treatment of recycled dyed pulp increased acid group...

  13. Electronic structure and magnetic properties of Dy adatom on Ir surface

    Science.gov (United States)

    Shick, A. B.; Lichtenstein, A. I.

    2018-05-01

    The electronic structure and magnetism of individual Dy atom adsorbed on the (1 1 1) surface of Ir is investigated using the combination of the density functional theory with the Hubbard-I approximation to the Anderson impurity model (DFT + HIA). The Dy3+ adatom is found magnetic with the magnetic moment of 9.35μB in the external magnetic field. The spin and orbital magnetic moments, and their ratio are evaluated, and compared with the X-ray magnetic circular dichroism data. The positive magnetic anisotropy energy of ≈ 1.3 meV determines the out-of-plane orientation of the Dy adatom magnetic moment. The role of 5d-4f interorbital exchange polarization in modification of the 4f shell energy spectrum is emphasized. We predict the Dy magnetization to drop by the factor of three with switching off the external magnetic field.

  14. Detection of unusual spin reorientation induced by magnetic field in DyFeO3

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Balbashov, A.M.; Marchukov, P.Yu.; Nikolaev, I.V.; Rudashevskij, E.G.

    1988-01-01

    It is detected that in DyFeO 3 the vector of antiferromagnetism reorientates continuously in two mutually perpendicular planes, and transition from one plane into the other one is a first-order phase transformation

  15. Thermoluminescent properties of CaSO4:Dy prepared by precipitation method

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Roman, J.; Rivera, T.; Azorin, J.

    2009-10-01

    This paper reports the synthesis and thermoluminescent (Tl) characterization of CaSO 4 :Dy obtained by the precipitation method. Thermoluminescent CaSO 4 :Dy powder and Teflon (PTFE) were mixed in order to obtain samples in pellets form. Samples of CaSO 4 :Dy were exposed to a radiation gamma source of 60 Co and 90 Sr beta particles. Tl response of CaSO 4 :Dy showed a glow curve with two peaks centered at around 164 and 302 C. Tl phosphor showed a good linearity in the range from 0.5 to 30 Gy. Fading of the Tl information was 5.19 % in 37 days and presented a standard deviation of 4% for reproducibility. (Author)

  16. Chest Radiographs for Pediatric TB Diagnosis: Interrater Agreement and Utility

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    G. Kaguthi

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available The chest radiograph (CXR is considered a key diagnostic tool for pediatric tuberculosis (TB in clinical management and endpoint determination in TB vaccine trials. We set out to compare interrater agreement for TB diagnosis in western Kenya. A pediatric pulmonologist and radiologist (experts, a medical officer (M.O, and four clinical officers (C.Os with basic training in pediatric CXR reading blindly assessed CXRs of infants who were TB suspects in a cohort study. C.Os had access to clinical findings for patient management. Weighted kappa scores summarized interrater agreement on lymphadenopathy and abnormalities consistent with TB. Sensitivity and specificity of raters were determined using microbiologically confirmed TB as the gold standard (n=8. A total of 691 radiographs were reviewed. Agreement on abnormalities consistent with TB was poor; k=0.14 (95% CI: 0.10–0.18 and on lymphadenopathy moderate k=0.26 (95% CI: 0.18–0.36. M.O [75% (95% CI: 34.9%–96.8%] and C.Os [63% (95% CI: 24.5%–91.5%] had high sensitivity for culture confirmed TB. TB vaccine trials utilizing expert agreement on CXR as a nonmicrobiologically confirmed endpoint will have reduced specificity and will underestimate vaccine efficacy. C.Os detected many of the bacteriologically confirmed cases; however, this must be interpreted cautiously as they were unblinded to clinical features.

  17. Fixed Dose Combination for TB treatment

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Tjandra Y. Aditama

    2003-06-01

    Full Text Available According to the World Health Organization, a third of the world’s population is infected with tuberculosis. The disease is responsible for nearly 2 million deaths each year and over 8 million were developing active diseases. Moreover, according to WHO (2000, tuberculosis deaths are estimated to increase to 35 million between 2000-2020. The majority of tuberculosis patients worldwide are still treated with single drugs, or with 2-drug fixed-dose combinations (FDCs. To improve tuberculosis treatment, 2- and 3-drug FDCs were recommended by the World Health Organization (WHO as part of the DOTS strategy. Since 1999 a 4-drug FDC was included on the WHO Model List of Essential Drugs. Today, FDCs are important tools to further improve the quality of care for people with TB, and accelerate DOTS expansion to reach the global TB control targets. Fixed dose combination TB drugs could simplifies both treatment and management of drug supply, and may prevent the emergence of drug resistance .Prevention of drug resistance is just one of the potential benefits of the use of FDCs. FDCs simplify administration of drugs by reducing the number of pills a patient takes each day and decreasing the risk of incorrect prescriptions. Most tuberculosis patients need only take 3–4 FDCs tablets per day during the intensive phase of treatment, instead of the 15–16 tablets per day that is common with single-drug formulations It is much simpler to explain to patients that they need to take four tablets of the same type and colour, rather than a mixture of tablets of different shapes, colours and sizes. Also, the chance of taking an incomplete combination of drugs is eliminated, since the four essential drugs are combined into one tablet. FDCs are also simpler for care-givers as they minimize the risk of confusion. Finally, drug procurement, in all its components (stock management, shipping, distribution, is simplified by FDCs. Adverse reactions to drugs are not more

  18. Selective arc-discharge synthesis of Dy2S-clusterfullerenes and their isomer-dependent single molecule magnetism.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Chen, Chia-Hsiang; Krylov, Denis S; Avdoshenko, Stanislav M; Liu, Fupin; Spree, Lukas; Yadav, Ravi; Alvertis, Antonis; Hozoi, Liviu; Nenkov, Konstantin; Kostanyan, Aram; Greber, Thomas; Wolter, Anja U B; Popov, Alexey A

    2017-09-01

    A method for the selective synthesis of sulfide clusterfullerenes Dy 2 S@C 2 n is developed. Addition of methane to the reactive atmosphere reduces the formation of empty fullerenes in the arc-discharge synthesis, whereas the use of Dy 2 S 3 as a source of metal and sulfur affords sulfide clusterfullerenes as the main fullerene products along with smaller amounts of carbide clusterfullerenes. Two isomers of Dy 2 S@C 82 with C s (6) and C 3v (8) cage symmetry, Dy 2 S@C 72 - C s (10528), and a carbide clusterfullerene Dy 2 C 2 @C 82 - C s (6) were isolated. The molecular structure of both Dy 2 S@C 82 isomers was elucidated by single-crystal X-ray diffraction. SQUID magnetometry demonstrates that all of these clusterfullerenes exhibit hysteresis of magnetization, with Dy 2 S@C 82 - C 3v (8) being the strongest single molecule magnet in the series. DC- and AC-susceptibility measurements were used to determine magnetization relaxation times in the temperature range from 1.6 K to 70 K. Unprecedented magnetization relaxation dynamics with three consequent Orbach processes and energy barriers of 10.5, 48, and 1232 K are determined for Dy 2 S@C 82 - C 3v (8). Dy 2 S@C 82 - C s (6) exhibits faster relaxation of magnetization with two barriers of 15.2 and 523 K. Ab initio calculations were used to interpret experimental data and compare the Dy-sulfide clusterfullerenes to other Dy-clusterfullerenes. The smallest and largest barriers are ascribed to the exchange/dipolar barrier and relaxation via crystal-field states, respectively, whereas an intermediate energy barrier of 48 K in Dy 2 S@C 82 - C 3v (8) is assigned to the local phonon mode, corresponding to the librational motion of the Dy 2 S cluster inside the carbon cage.

  19. Bulletin of Materials Science | Indian Academy of Sciences

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    Abstract. Elastic moduli (, ), Poisson's ratio (), microhardness () and some thermodynamical parameters such as Debye temperature (), diffusion constant (), latent heat of melting ( ) etc of PbO–Al2O3–B2O3 glasses doped with rare earth ions viz. Pr3+, Nd3+, Sm3+, Eu3+, Tb3+, Dy3+, Ho3+, Er3+ and Yb3+, ...

  20. Production of a tracer packet of heavier rare earth elements

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Lahiri, S.; Nayak, D.; Maji, S.

    2004-01-01

    Production of a tracer packet of heavier rare earth elements containing carrier-free radionuclides of 153,155 Tb, 153,155,157 Dy, 159 Ho, 159,161 Er, 161 Tm produced by medium energy 7 Li and 12 C irradiation on an europium oxide target and the subsequent separation of bulk europium from the carrier-free products is described. (author)

  1. Synthesis of Halide- and Solvent free metal borohydrides

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Grinderslev, Jakob; Møller, Kasper Trans; Jensen, Torben René

    chloride or LiBH4 is present in the sample. The synthesis pathway has been shown to work for most of the already known metal borohydrides, M = Na, Ca, Sr, Ba, Y, La, Eu, Gd, Tb, Dy, Ho, Er, Tm, and Yb, but also new borohydrides are formed, M = Pr, Nd and Lu. Besides new compounds, new polymorphs...

  2. Antiferromagnetic domains in rare earth metals and alloys

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Palmer, S B [Hull Univ. (UK). Dept. of Applied Physics

    1975-12-01

    Anomalies in the c-axis elastic properties of antiferromagnetic Dy, 50% Tb-Ho and 60% Gd-Y are reported. The anomalies are only present when the sample is cycled from the ferromagnetic to the antiferromagnetic state and are attributed to domains in the helical regime.

  3. Magnetic properties of RNi5-xCux intermetallics

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Kuchin, A.G.; Ermolenko, A.S.; Kulikov, Yu.A.; Khrabrov, V.I.; Rosenfeld, E.V.; Makarova, G.M.; Lapina, T.P.; Belozerov, Ye.V.

    2006-01-01

    The magnetic properties have been studied for the series of RNi 5-x Cu x intermetallics with R=Y, La, Ce, Pr, Nd, Sm, Gd, Tb, Dy, Ho, Er, Tm, Lu; x= 5-x Cu x but GdNi 5-x Cu x . These results are explained in the frame of band magnetism, random local crystal field, and domain wall pinning theories

  4. Transferred hyperfine interaction at 295 K between the rare-earth ions and the fluorine and lithium nuclei in lithium rare-earth fluorides

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Hansen, P. E.; Nevald, Rolf

    1977-01-01

    The nuclear-magnetic-resonance rotation spectra for the fluorine and lithium nuclei in LiTbF4, LiDyF4, LiHoF4, and LiErF4 have been obtained at 295 K. They are separated in contributions from the dipole and the transferred hyperfine interactions. In general, the latter consists of an isotropic part...

  5. Journal of Earth System Science | Indian Academy of Sciences

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    The rare earth elements like La, Ce, Pr, Nd, Sm, Eu, Gd, Tb, Dy, Ho, Er, Tm, Yb, Lu and the heavy metals like Mg, V, Cr, Mn, Fe, Cu, Zn, U, Th were analysed by using standard analytical methods. The Post-Archean Australian Shale composition was used to normalise the rare earth elements. It was found that the sediments ...

  6. Static magnetic susceptibility, crystal field and exchange interactions in rare earth titanate pyrochlores

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Malkin, B. Z.; Lummen, T. T. A.; van Loosdrecht, P. H. M.; Dhalenne, G.; Zakirov, A. R.

    2010-01-01

    The experimental temperature dependence (T = 2-300 K) of single crystal bulk and site susceptibilities of rare earth titanate pyrochlores R2Ti2O7 (R = Sm, Eu, Gd, Tb, Dy, Ho, Er, Yb) is analyzed in the framework of crystal field theory and a mean field approximation. Analytical expressions for the

  7. Bulletin of Materials Science | Indian Academy of Sciences

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    Preparation and characterization of DLC/SiO2/Al2O3 nanofiltration membrane .... Supercapacitive performance of hydrous ruthenium oxide (RuO2. .... transport studies of RAgSn2 compounds (R = Y, Tb, Dy, Ho and Er) with Cu3Au-type .... Structural characterization and complex impedance studies on fast ion conducting ...

  8. One of the possible mechanisms for the inhibition effect of Tb(III) on peroxidase activity in horseradish (Armoracia rusticana) treated with Tb(III).

    Science.gov (United States)

    Guo, Shaofen; Cao, Rui; Lu, Aihua; Zhou, Qing; Lu, Tianhong; Ding, Xiaolan; Li, Chaojun; Huang, Xiaohua

    2008-05-01

    One of the possible mechanisms for the inhibition effect of Tb(III) on peroxidase activity in horseradish (Armoracia rusticana) treated with Tb(III) was investigated using some biophysical and biochemical methods. Firstly, it was found that a large amount of Tb(III) can be distributed on the cell wall, that some Tb(III) can enter into the horseradish cell, indicating that peroxidase was mainly distributed on cell wall, and thus that Tb(III) would interact with horseradish peroxidase (HRP) in the plant. In addition, peroxidase bioactivity was decreased in the presence of Tb(III). Secondly, a new peroxidase-containing Tb(III) complex (Tb-HRP) was obtained from horseradish after treatment with Tb(III); the molecular mass of Tb-HRP is near 44 kDa and the pI is about 8.80. Thirdly, the electrocatalytic activity of Tb-HRP is much lower than that of HRP obtained from horseradish without treatment with Tb(III). The decrease in the activity of Tb-HRP is due to the destruction (unfolding) of the conformation in Tb-HRP. The planarity of the heme active center in the Tb-HRP molecule was increased and the extent of exposure of Fe(III) in heme was decreased, leading to inhibition of the electron transfer. The microstructure change in Tb-HRP might be the result of the inhibition effect of Tb(III) on peroxidase activity in horseradish.

  9. [Validity and reliability of the spanish EQ-5D-Y proxy version].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gusi, N; Perez-Sousa, M A; Gozalo-Delgado, M; Olivares, P R

    2014-10-01

    A proxy version of the EQ-5D-Y, a questionnaire to evaluate the Health Related Quality of Life (HRQoL) in children and adolescents, has recently been developed. There are currently no data on the validity and reliability of this tool. The objective of this study was to analyze the validity and reliability of the EQ-5D-Y proxy version. A core set of self-report tools, including the Spanish version of the EQ-5D-Y were administered to a group of Spanish children and adolescents drawn from the general population. A similar core set of internationally standardized proxy tools, including the EQ-5D-Y proxy version were administered to their parents. Test-retest reliability was determined, and correlations with other generic measurements of HRQoL were calculated. Additionally, known group validity was examined by comparing groups with a priori expected differences in HRQoL. The agreement between the self-report and proxy version responses was also calculated. A total of 477 children and adolescents and their parents participated in the study. One week later, 158 participants completed the EQ-5D-Y/EQ-5D-Y proxy to facilitate reliability analysis. Agreement between the test-retest scores was higher than 88% for EQ-5D-Y self-report, and proxy version. Correlations with other health measurements showed similar convergent validity to that observed in the international EQ-5D-Y. Agreement between the self-report and proxy versions ranged from 72.9% to 97.1%. The results provide preliminary evidence of the reliability and validity of the EQ-5D-Y proxy version. Copyright © 2013 Asociación Española de Pediatría. Published by Elsevier Espana. All rights reserved.

  10. Dy:Eu doped CaBAl glasses for white light applications

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lodi, T. A.; Sandrini, M.; Medina, A. N.; Barboza, M. J.; Pedrochi, F.; Steimacher, A.

    2018-02-01

    The combination of Eu3+ and Dy3+ in co-doped glassy materials provides interesting applicability for white light emission devices. In this work, Dy:Eu doped Calcium Boroaluminate (CaBAl) glasses were prepared by conventional melting quenching, with 3 wt% of Dy2O3 and Eu2O3 content varying from 0 to 3 wt%, and results of absorption spectra, photoluminescence and photoluminescence lifetime are discussed in terms of Eu2O3 content. The photoluminescence of the samples was studied under excitation of 365 and 405 nm light source. The 365 nm excitation shows favor to the Dy3+ ion emission. The results of photoluminescence lifetime at 575 nm (Dy3+) shows a decrease due to Eu2O3 addition, which suggests an energy transfer from Dy3+ (donor) to the Eu3+ (acceptor). On the other hand, under excitation of 405 nm, the photoluminescence lifetime at 575 nm (Dy3+) shows no significant changes due to Eu2O3 amount, which indicates that the energy transfer from Dy3+ to Eu3+ (under λexc = 405 nm) is negligible. However, the results of photoluminescence under 405 nm excitation present a white yellowish emission in the CIE diagram, which shifts to red with Eu2O3 addition. The combination of a Blue LED (BL) emission with the emission of the samples was also studied in the CIE diagram, in order to improve light emission and to obtain ideal White Light (WL). The results show that by modifying the emission intensity of BL, it is possible to achieve a route for smart lighting, close to the circadian light cycle.

  11. Fading of LiF and CaF2:Dy

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Ben-Shachar, B.; German, U.; Weiser, G.

    1983-03-01

    The fading of LiF and CaF 2 :Dy was investigated and the results were compared to the literature. The effect of thermal annealing was studied in order to reduce the fading in both phosphors and to minimize the effects of the environment on CaF 2 :Dy. Minimizing the fading and knowing its time dependence make possible the exact personal and environmental dosimetry. (Author)

  12. From a Dy(III) single molecule magnet (SMM) to a ferromagnetic [Mn(II)Dy(III)Mn(II)] trinuclear complex.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bhunia, Asamanjoy; Gamer, Michael T; Ungur, Liviu; Chibotaru, Liviu F; Powell, Annie K; Lan, Yanhua; Roesky, Peter W; Menges, Fabian; Riehn, Christoph; Niedner-Schatteburg, Gereon

    2012-09-17

    The Schiff base compound 2,2'-{[(2-aminoethyl)imino]bis[2,1-ethanediyl-nitriloethylidyne]}bis-2-hydroxy-benzoic acid (H(4)L) as a proligand was prepared in situ. This proligand has three potential coordination pockets which make it possible to accommodate from one to three metal ions allowing for the possible formation of mono-, di-, and trinuclear complexes. Reaction of in situ prepared H(4)L with Dy(NO(3))(3)·5H(2)O resulted in the formation of a mononuclear complex [Dy(H(3)L)(2)](NO(3))·(EtOH)·8(H(2)O) (1), which shows SMM behavior. In contrast, reaction of in situ prepared H(4)L with Mn(ClO(4))(2)·6H(2)O and Dy(NO(3))(3)·5H(2)O in the presence of a base resulted in a trinuclear mixed 3d-4f complex (NHEt(3))(2)[Dy{Mn(L)}(2)](ClO(4))·2(H(2)O) (2). At low temperatures, compound 2 is a weak ferromagnet. Thus, the SMM behavior of compound 1 can be switched off by incorporating two Mn(II) ions in close proximity either side of the Dy(III). This quenching behavior is ascribed to the presence of the weak ferromagnetic interactions between the Mn(II) and Dy(III) ions, which at T > 2 K act as a fluctuating field causing the reversal of magnetization on the dysprosium ion. Mass spectrometric ion signals related to compounds 1 and 2 were both detected in positive and negative ion modes via electrospray ionization mass spectrometry. Hydrogen/deuterium exchange (HDX) reactions with ND(3) were performed in a FT-ICR Penning-trap mass spectrometer.

  13. Crystal structure of fluorite-related Ln3SbO7 (Ln=La–Dy) ceramics studied by synchrotron X-ray diffraction and Raman scattering

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Siqueira, K.P.F.; Borges, R.M.; Granado, E.; Malard, L.M.; Paula, A.M. de; Moreira, R.L.; Bittar, E.M.; Dias, A.

    2013-01-01

    Ln 3 SbO 7 (Ln=La, Pr, Nd, Sm, Eu, Gd, Tb and Dy) ceramics were synthesized by solid-state reaction in optimized conditions of temperature and time to yield single-phase ceramics. The crystal structures of the obtained ceramics were investigated by synchrotron X-ray diffraction, second harmonic generation (SHG) and Raman scattering. All samples exhibited fluorite-type orthorhombic structures with different oxygen arrangements as a function of the ionic radius of the lanthanide metal. For ceramics with the largest ionic radii (La–Nd), the ceramics crystallized into the Cmcm space group, while the ceramics with intermediate and smallest ionic radii (Sm–Dy) exhibited a different crystal structure belonging to the same space group, described under the Ccmm setting. The results from SHG and Raman scattering confirmed these settings and ruled out any possibility for the non-centrosymmetric C222 1 space group describing the structure of the small ionic radii ceramics, solving a recent controversy in the literature. Besides, the Raman modes for all samples are reported for the first time, showing characteristic features for each group of samples. - Graphical abstract: Raman spectrum for La 3 SbO 7 ceramics showing their 22 phonon modes adjusted through Lorentzian lines. According to synchrotron X-ray diffraction and Raman scattering, this material belongs to the space group Cmcm. - Highlights: • Ln 3 SbO 7 ceramics belonging to the space groups Cmcm and Ccmm are synthesized. • SXRD, SHG and Raman scattering confirmed the orthorhombic structures. • Ccmm instead of C222 1 is the correct one based on SHG and Raman data

  14. Dy{sup 3+} ions as optical probes for studying structure of boro-tellurite glasses

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Tuyen, Vu Phi, E-mail: vptuyen@gust-edu.vast.vn [Duytan University, K7/25 Quang Trung, Da Nang (Viet Nam); Graduate University of Science and Technology – VAST, 18 Hoang Quoc Viet, Hanoi (Viet Nam); Sengthong, Bounyavong; Quang, Vu Xuan [Duytan University, K7/25 Quang Trung, Da Nang (Viet Nam); Van Do, Phan [Thuyloi University, 175 Tay Son, Dong Da, Hanoi (Viet Nam); Van Tuyen, Ho; Xuan Hung, Le [Duytan University, K7/25 Quang Trung, Da Nang (Viet Nam); Thanh, Nguyen Trong [Institute of Materials Science – VAST, 18 Hoang Quoc Viet, Hanoi (Viet Nam); Nogami, Masayuki [Duytan University, K7/25 Quang Trung, Da Nang (Viet Nam); Toyota Physical and Chemical research Institute (Japan); Hayakawa, Tomokatsu [Nagoya Institute of Technology, Gokisocho Showaku, 466-8555 Nagoya, Aichiken (Japan); Huy, Bui The, E-mail: buithehuy.nt@gmail.com [Duytan University, K7/25 Quang Trung, Da Nang (Viet Nam); Department of Chemistry, Changwon National University, Changwon 641-773 (Korea, Republic of)

    2016-10-15

    Dy{sup 3+}-doped glasses with various compositions (35+x)B{sub 2}O{sub 3}+ (45−x)TeO{sub 2}+9.5ZnO+10Na{sub 2}O+0.5Dy{sub 2}O{sub 3} (x=0; 10 and 20) were prepared by a melt–quenching technique. The Dy{sup 3+} ions are used as an optical probe, of which the Judd–Ofelt parameters, the phonon-side band, and the Raman spectra were quantitatively estimated to search the change of glass structure (the change of the ratio of [BO{sub 4}] to [BO{sub 3}] units, formation of the non-bridging oxygens (NBO{sup −}), the change of [TeO{sub 3}] to [TeO{sub 4}] units) as a function of the B{sub 2}O{sub 3} content. The Ω{sub 2} and Ω{sub 6} values of Dy{sup 3+}-doped boro-tellurite samples are larger than that of Dy{sup 3+}-doped borate or tellurite sample. The CIE chromaticity color coordinates were calculated for the luminescence spectra of Dy{sup 3+} ions of the glasses with the different compositions and they were all located in the vicinity of white light center of the color coordination diagram.

  15. Efficient photoluminescence of Dy3+ at low concentrations in nanocrystalline ZrO2

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Diaz-Torres, L.A.; Rosa, E. de la; Salas, P.; Romero, V.H.; Angeles-Chavez, C.

    2008-01-01

    Nanocrystalline ZrO 2 :Dy 3+ were prepared by sol-gel and the structural and photoluminescence properties characterized. The crystallite size ranges from 20 to 50 nm and the crystalline phase is a mixture of tetragonal and monoclinic structure controlled by dopant concentration. Strong white light produced by the host emission band centered at ∼460 nm and two strong Dy 3+ emission bands, blue (488 nm) and yellow (580 nm), under direct excitation at 350 nm were observed. The highest efficiency was obtained for 0.5 mol% of Dy 3+ . Emission is explained in terms of high asymmetry of the host suggesting that Dy 3+ are substituted mainly into Zr 4+ lattice sites at the crystallite surface. Luminescence quenching is explained in terms of cross-relaxation of intermediate Dy 3+ levels. - Graphical abstract: White light emission from ∼70 nm ZrO 2 :Dy 3+ nanocrystals. The highest efficiency was obtained for 0.5 mol% of dopant and the dominant crystalline structure was monoclinic

  16. Sonochemical synthesis of Dy-doped ZnO nanostructures and their photocatalytic properties

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Yayapao, Oranuch [Department of Physics and Materials Science, Faculty of Science, Chiang Mai University, Chiang Mai 50200 (Thailand); Thongtem, Titipun, E-mail: ttpthongtem@yahoo.com [Department of Chemistry, Faculty of Science, Chiang Mai University, Chiang Mai 50200 (Thailand); Materials Science Research Center, Faculty of Science, Chiang Mai University, Chiang Mai 50200 (Thailand); Phuruangrat, Anukorn, E-mail: phuruangrat@hotmail.com [Department of Materials Science and Technology, Faculty of Science, Prince of Songkla University, Hat Yai, Songkhla 90112 (Thailand); Thongtem, Somchai [Department of Physics and Materials Science, Faculty of Science, Chiang Mai University, Chiang Mai 50200 (Thailand); Materials Science Research Center, Faculty of Science, Chiang Mai University, Chiang Mai 50200 (Thailand)

    2013-11-05

    Highlights: •Undoped and Dy-doped ZnO used as photocatalysts. •They were synthesized by sonochemistry. •The promising materials for treatment of organic pollutants. -- Abstract: Dy-doped ZnO nanostructures were synthesized by a sonochemical method. The concentration effect of Dy on their phase, morphology, optical properties and photocatalytic activities was investigated. XRD patterns indicated that the as-synthesized 0–3% Dy-doped ZnO was hexagonal wurtzite structure. SEM and TEM show that the products were nanorods with their growth direction along the c axis. The photoluminescence spectrum of 3% Dy-doped ZnO, applied by Gaussian analysis, consists of three emission peaks at 376 nm, 448 nm and 487 nm. The photocatalytic activities of the as-synthesized products were determined from the degradation of methylene blue (C{sub 16}H{sub 18}N{sub 3}SCl) by UV radiation. In this research, the 3% Dy-doped ZnO showed the highest photocatalytic activity.

  17. Sonochemical synthesis of Dy-doped ZnO nanostructures and their photocatalytic properties

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Yayapao, Oranuch; Thongtem, Titipun; Phuruangrat, Anukorn; Thongtem, Somchai

    2013-01-01

    Highlights: •Undoped and Dy-doped ZnO used as photocatalysts. •They were synthesized by sonochemistry. •The promising materials for treatment of organic pollutants. -- Abstract: Dy-doped ZnO nanostructures were synthesized by a sonochemical method. The concentration effect of Dy on their phase, morphology, optical properties and photocatalytic activities was investigated. XRD patterns indicated that the as-synthesized 0–3% Dy-doped ZnO was hexagonal wurtzite structure. SEM and TEM show that the products were nanorods with their growth direction along the c axis. The photoluminescence spectrum of 3% Dy-doped ZnO, applied by Gaussian analysis, consists of three emission peaks at 376 nm, 448 nm and 487 nm. The photocatalytic activities of the as-synthesized products were determined from the degradation of methylene blue (C 16 H 18 N 3 SCl) by UV radiation. In this research, the 3% Dy-doped ZnO showed the highest photocatalytic activity

  18. Development of Thermoluminescence Dosimeter CaSO4:Dy as Personal and Environmental Dosimeters

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Hasnel Sofyan

    2009-01-01

    Development of personal and environmental dosimeters using material phosphors of CaSO 4 :Dy powder in form capillary glass and disc teflon thermoluminescence (TL) dosimeter have been done. TL dosimeter CaSO 4 :Dy powder used can record dose response less than 0.01 mGy. Fading of TL dosimeter capillary glass after 29 days is 25%. In 1 batch, making of CaSO 4 :Dy powder can obtain 2 groups of dosimeter capillaries with coefficient variance smaller than 10%. This discrepancy caused difference in powder making and reading of the TL dosimeter. TL dosimeter CaSO 4 :Dy teflon disc with dia. 5 mm and 0.8 mm thickness is homogeneous mixture between phosphor powder with dia. 80 to 150 mesh and teflon powder dia. 20 μm. The composition of CaSO 4 :Dy and teflon in TL dosimeter influence sensitivity of the dosimeter. It’ concluded that in order to obtain optimal sensitivity of TL dosimeter, the composition of CaSO 4 :Dy and teflon is 3 and 1 with pressured of disc in 700 MPa. (author).

  19. Supporting clinical management of the difficult-to-treat TB cases: the ERS-WHO TB Consilium

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Lia D’Ambrosio

    2015-03-01

    The primary objective of the ERS/WHO TB Consilium is to provide clinical consultation for drug-resistant TB and other difficult-to-treat TB cases, including co-infection with HIV and paediatric cases. Through technical guidance to clinicians managing complex TB cases, the main contribution and outcome of the initiative will be a public health response aimed at achieving correct treatment of affected patients and preventing further development of drug resistance. The Consilum's secondary objective is to ensure monitoring and evaluation of clinical practices on the ground (diagnosis, treatment and prevention.

  20. Strategie Elektronického obchodu firmy

    OpenAIRE

    Gašpar, Petr

    2011-01-01

    Moje bakalářská práce se bude zabývat volbou vhodnou strategie pro vybudování elektronického obchodu maloobchodní firmy. V práci se zaměřím na to jak docílit aby firma rozšířila své působení na trhu a to právě pomocí elektronického obchodu. Dále budu ve své práci taky mapovat současnou situaci problematiky elektronických obchodů. Analyzuji trh, konkurenci a na základě těchto údajů zvolím strategii, aby elektronický obchod prosperoval. V praktické části se potom zaměřím na maloobchodní firmu J...

  1. Patients direct costs to undergo TB diagnosis.

    Science.gov (United States)

    de Cuevas, Rachel M Anderson; Lawson, Lovett; Al-Sonboli, Najla; Al-Aghbari, Nasher; Arbide, Isabel; Sherchand, Jeevan B; Nnamdi, Emenyonu E; Aseffa, Abraham; Yassin, Mohammed A; Abdurrahman, Saddiq T; Obasanya, Joshua; Olanrewaju, Oladimeji; Datiko, Daniel; Theobald, Sally J; Ramsay, Andrew; Squire, S Bertel; Cuevas, Luis E

    2016-03-24

    A major impediment to the treatment of TB is a diagnostic process that requires multiple visits. Descriptions of patient costs associated with diagnosis use different protocols and are not comparable. We aimed to describe the direct costs incurred by adults attending TB diagnostic centres in four countries and factors associated with expenditure for diagnosis. Surveys of 2225 adults attending smear-microscopy centres in Nigeria, Nepal, Ethiopia and Yemen. Adults >18 years with cough >2 weeks were enrolled prospectively. Direct costs were quantified using structured questionnaires. Patients with costs >75(th) quartile were considered to have high expenditure (cases) and compared with patients with costs <75(th) quartile to identify factors associated with high expenditure. The most significant expenses were due to clinic fees and transport. Most participants attended the centres with companions. High expenditure was associated with attending with company, residing in rural areas/other towns and illiteracy. The costs incurred by patients are substantial and share common patterns across countries. Removing user fees, transparent charging policies and reimbursing clinic expenses would reduce the poverty-inducing effects of direct diagnostic costs. In locations with limited resources, support could be prioritised for those most at risk of high expenditure; those who are illiterate, attend the service with company and rural residents.

  2. Effect of Dy addition on mechanical and magnetic properties of Mn-rich Ni–Mn–Ga ferromagnetic shape memory alloys

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Gao, L.; Dong, G.F.; Gao, Z.Y.; Cai, W.

    2012-01-01

    Highlights: ► The Dy addition significantly improves the compressive properties of Ni–Mn–Ga alloy. ► The mechanism of the improved mechanical properties by adding Dy is discussed. ► Dy doping results in a change of the fracture type of Ni–Mn–Ga alloy. ► Curie temperature almost remained unchanged at low Dy content and then decreases. - Abstract: The effects of partial substitution of rare earth Dy for Ga on the mechanical and magnetic properties of Mn-rich Ni 50 Mn 29 Ga 21−x Dy x (0 ≤ x ≤ 5) ferromagnetic shape memory alloys were investigated in detail. The results show that an appropriate amount of Dy addition significantly improves the mechanical properties of Ni–Mn–Ga alloy. With an increase in Dy content, the compressive strength enhances rapidly at first and then becomes stable when the Dy content is more than 1 at.%. However, the compressive strain increases dramatically and reaches a maximum value with 1 at.% Dy addition. Further increase in Dy content makes the compressive strain of the alloys decrease gradually. The mechanism of the improved mechanical properties is also discussed. Moreover, Dy doping changes the fracture type from intergranular fracture of Ni–Mn–Ga alloy to transgranular cleavage fracture of Ni–Mn–Ga–Dy alloys. The Curie temperature remains almost unchanged at low Dy content and subsequently decreases.

  3. Feasibility study of electrophoresis deposition of DyF3 on Nd-Fe-B particles for coercivity enhancement

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    K. M. Kim

    2018-05-01

    Full Text Available Feasibility of the electrophoresis deposition (EPD technique for homogeneous and adhesive deposition of DyF3 particles on the Nd-Fe-B-type particles was studied, and coercivity enhancement in the diffusion-treated Nd-Fe-B-type particles deposited with DyF3 by EPD was investigated. HDDR-treated Nd12.5Fe80.6B6.4Ga0.3Nb0.2 particles were deposited with DyF3 particles by EPD. More homogeneous and adhesive deposition of DyF3 particles on the surface of Nd-Fe-B particles was made by the EPD with respect to conventional dip-coating, and this led to more active and homogeneous diffusion of Dy. More profound coercivity enhancement was achieved in the diffusion-treated Nd-Fe-B-type particles deposited with DyF3 by EPD compared to dip-coated particles.

  4. Modulating the single-molecule magnet behaviour in phenoxo-O bridged Dy2 systems via subtle structural variations

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wang, Wen-Min; Zhao, Xiao-Yu; Qiao, Hui; Bai, Li; Han, Hong-Fei; Fang, Ming; Wu, Zhi-Lei; Zou, Ji-Yong

    2017-09-01

    In search of simple approaches to rationally modulate the single-molecule magnet behaviour in polynuclear lanthanide compound, a new system containing two structurally closely related dinuclear dysprosium complexes, namely [Dy2(hfac)4L2] (1) and [Dy2(hfac)4L‧2] (2) (hfac = hexafluoroacetylacetonate, HL = 2-[4-methylaniline-imino]methyl]-8-hydroxyquinoline and HL' = 2-[(3,4-dimethylaniline)-imino]methyl]-8-hydroxyquinoline), are successfully synthesized and the structure-dependent magnetic properties are investigated. The two Dy2 compounds display only slight variations in the coordination geometries of the center Dy(III) ion but display remarkably different single-molecule magnet behaviors with the anisotropic barriers (ΔE/kB) of 9.91 K for 1 and 20.57 K for 2. The different magnetic relaxation behaviors of the two Dy2 complexes mainly originate from the different chemical environments of the central DyIII ions.

  5. Feasibility study of electrophoresis deposition of DyF3 on Nd-Fe-B particles for coercivity enhancement

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kim, K. M.; Kang, M. S.; Kwon, H. W.; Lee, J. G.; Yu, J. H.

    2018-05-01

    Feasibility of the electrophoresis deposition (EPD) technique for homogeneous and adhesive deposition of DyF3 particles on the Nd-Fe-B-type particles was studied, and coercivity enhancement in the diffusion-treated Nd-Fe-B-type particles deposited with DyF3 by EPD was investigated. HDDR-treated Nd12.5Fe80.6B6.4Ga0.3Nb0.2 particles were deposited with DyF3 particles by EPD. More homogeneous and adhesive deposition of DyF3 particles on the surface of Nd-Fe-B particles was made by the EPD with respect to conventional dip-coating, and this led to more active and homogeneous diffusion of Dy. More profound coercivity enhancement was achieved in the diffusion-treated Nd-Fe-B-type particles deposited with DyF3 by EPD compared to dip-coated particles.

  6. Crystallographic and magnetic properties of (Nd,Dy)3Fe27.5(Ti,Mo)1.5 compounds

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Han, S.B.; Liu, X.F.; Lv, J.Y.; Peng, J.; Hao, Y.M.; Li, X.J.; Chen, D.F.; Xue, Y.J.; Li, J.H.; Hu, Z.B.

    2006-01-01

    A systematic study of the formation, structure and magnetic properties of (Nd,Dy) 3 Fe 27.5 (Ti,Mo) 1.5 compounds has been performed. Rietveld analyses of the X-ray patterns of the samples indicate that the concentrations of Ti and Mo affect the formation and structural properties slightly, whereas different rare-earth (Nd and Dy) contents influence them significantly. It is found that high Dy contents make it difficult to form the 3:29-type structures. The Curie temperatures of Nd 2.1 Dy 0.9 Fe 27.5 Ti 1.5- x Mo x decrease monotonically as more Ti was replaced by Mo but their saturation magnetizations remain almost unchanged; in contrast, for Nd 3- y Dy y Fe 27.5 TiMo 0.5 , their saturation magnetizations decrease monotonically with increasing Dy contents while their Curie temperatures are constant

  7. Long-lived K isomer and enhanced γ vibration in the neutron-rich nucleus 172Dy: Collectivity beyond double midshell

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    H. Watanabe

    2016-09-01

    Full Text Available The level structure of 172Dy has been investigated for the first time by means of decay spectroscopy following in-flight fission of a 238U beam. A long-lived isomeric state with T1/2=0.71(5 s and Kπ=8− has been identified at 1278 keV, which decays to the ground-state and γ-vibrational bands through hindered electromagnetic transitions, as well as to the daughter nucleus 172Ho via allowed β decays. The robust nature of the Kπ=8− isomer and the ground-state rotational band reveals an axially-symmetric structure for this nucleus. Meanwhile, the γ-vibrational levels have been identified at unusually low excitation energy compared to the neighboring well-deformed nuclei, indicating the significance of the microscopic effect on the non-axial collectivity in this doubly mid-shell region. The underlying mechanism of enhanced γ vibration is discussed in comparison with the deformed Quasiparticle Random-Phase Approximation based on a Skyrme energy-density functional.

  8. The Characteristics of TB Epidemic and TB/HIV Co-Infection Epidemic: A 2007-2013 Retrospective Study in Urumqi, Xinjiang Province, China.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Wang Wei

    Full Text Available This study was aimed to find out epidemiologic characteristic of tuberculosis (TB cases, and Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV positive cases among TB patients (TB/HIV co-infection through demographic, temporal, and spatial study in Urumqi.Descriptive statistics and multivariate logistic regression were applied to identify the epidemiologic characteristics and risk factors of TB epidemic and TB/HIV co-infection epidemic. All addresses of each TB case, TB/HIV co-infection case, and administrative street were transformed into geographical coordinate. Subsequently, the geocoded address for 82 streets was transformed into a dot map used as the basis of spatial datasets. In addition, the paper also used quantile map and the spatial scan statistic in order to identify the spatial distribution and spatial clusters of TB epidemic and TB/HIV co-infection epidemic.There was a declining trend of the notification rates of TB epidemic from 2007 to 2009, as well as a rising trend from 2010 to 2013. However, the notification rates of TB/HIV co-infection epidemic showed a rising trend from 2007 to 2010, and a declining trend from 2011 to 2013. Moreover, a significant share of TB epidemic and TB/HIV co-infection epidemic happened between the age of 15 to 45 years old, indicating an increase in risk of TB and TB/HIV infection. It is worth noting that the risk of HIV infection for male TB patients was 2.947 times (95% CI [2.178, 3.988] than that of female patients. Han ethnicity and Uygur ethnicity in urban region accounted for a large proportion of total TB and TB/HIV co-infection cases. Most of the TB cases of minorities in Urumqi showed a statistically significant increase in risk of HIV infection than Han ethnicity in Urumqi. In addition, the spatial distribution of TB epidemic and TB/HIV co-infection epidemic was highly skewed. Most of the local clusters were located in urban area and rural-urban continuum where showed an increase in risk of TB and TB

  9. Paediatric TB/HIV co-infection – 'an uncompromising duet that ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    2011-10-01

    Oct 1, 2011 ... tuberculosis (TB) in 2009, childhood TB accounted for 11% (884 000 cases).1 ... reduction in incident TB in ART-treated children compared with ..... Obesity is associated with an increased risk of miscarriage but its effect on.

  10. Role of hydrogen in Nd–Fe–B sintered magnets with DyH{sub x} addition

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Liu, Pan [State Key Laboratory of Silicon Materials, Department of Materials Science and Engineering, Zhejiang University, Hangzhou 310027 (China); Ma, Tianyu, E-mail: maty@zju.edu.cn [Key Laboratory of Novel Materials for Information Technology of Zhejiang Province, Zhejiang University, Hangzhou 310027 (China); Wang, Xinhua, E-mail: xinhwang@zju.edu.cn [State Key Laboratory of Silicon Materials, Department of Materials Science and Engineering, Zhejiang University, Hangzhou 310027 (China); Zhang, Yujing [State Key Laboratory of Silicon Materials, Department of Materials Science and Engineering, Zhejiang University, Hangzhou 310027 (China); Yan, Mi [State Key Laboratory of Silicon Materials, Department of Materials Science and Engineering, Zhejiang University, Hangzhou 310027 (China); Key Laboratory of Novel Materials for Information Technology of Zhejiang Province, Zhejiang University, Hangzhou 310027 (China)

    2015-04-15

    Highlights: • DyH{sub 2} and DyH{sub 3} fine powder were prepared. • Effect of DyH{sub x} on the magnetic properties of Nd–Fe–B sintered magnets was studied. • The effect mechanism of Dy hydrides was discussed. • The magnetic properties are greatly improved by DyH{sub 2} and DyH{sub 3} addition. - Abstract: In order to improve the coercivity of Nd–Fe–B sintered magnets, DyH{sub 2} and DyH{sub 3} fine powders were prepared and used as additive for preparing Nd–Fe–B sintered magnets. The effects of DyH{sub x} powders addition on the microstructures and the magnetic properties of the magnets have been investigated. It was found that hydrogen will react with oxygen of NdO{sub x} rich intergranular phases to form Nd rich phases by dysprosium hydride addition. The Nd-rich grain boundary phases are more homogenous and continuous because the volume fraction of Nd-rich grain boundary phases increases with respect to the Nd oxide phases. After desorption, fine dysprosium powders become more active and wrap matrix phases well so that the diffusion of dysprosium to the surface layer of matrix phases is convenient, so dysprosium decreases in grain boundary phases and aggregates in surface layer of matrix phases. Then, intrinsic coercivity of NdFeB sintered magnets is improved from 14.96 kOe to 20.5 kOe and 20.31 kOe by 2.0 wt.% DyH{sub 3} and 2.0 wt.% DyH{sub 2} addition, respectively. This study has shown that DyH{sub x} addition can reduce the content of oxygen in grain boundary phases. This can be an effective method for massive production.

  11. Prevalence and management out comes of anti TB drugs induced ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Patients and Methods: All TB patients admitted in the Hospital during the study period are the source of population, the study groups were been selected by detecting the possible confounding factors for jaundice. Base line LFT before anti TB initiation was determined before developed jaundice. Those patients, whom the ...

  12. 46 CFR 31.20-1 - Waters-TB/ALL.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... 46 Shipping 1 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Waters-TB/ALL. 31.20-1 Section 31.20-1 Shipping COAST GUARD, DEPARTMENT OF HOMELAND SECURITY TANK VESSELS INSPECTION AND CERTIFICATION Waters Operated Over § 31.20-1 Waters—TB/ALL. The certificate of inspection shall show the waters over which the tank vessel...

  13. EVALUATION OF DTECII AND IIEXAGO 1 TB KJTS USED FOR ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    BSN

    of TB infection and the risk of TB if infection has occurred (ATS-CDC, 1990) or as a dependent on the population being tested (ATS-CDC, 1994; Bass, 1993). ... environment, a cut off point of ;::: l 5mm is positive (ATS-CDC, 1994). Although tuberculin testing is the standard method for screening asymptomatic populations for ...

  14. The social determinants of tuberculosis and their association with TB ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Progress made in TB control through the implementation of the DOTS strategy, has been retarded by factors such as poverty, the HIV pandemic and the advent of multidrug resistant tuberculosis. There is currently an increasing shift in TB control ...

  15. Not just pretty pictures: Geographical Information Systems in TB ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Geographical Information Systems (GIS) is becoming a useful tool in disease control by health planners. However little is known about its potential in tuberculosis (TB) control. In 2000 the National TB Programme (NTP) in Malawi assessed its usefulness. Routinely collected case-finding data from the 3 previous years (1997 ...

  16. 8__Aisha_Detection ofMDR-TB

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    User

    Among the MDR-TB cases rifampicin resistance was associated with rpoB WT gene and rpoB MUT gene in 100% and 62% of the ... diagnosis of TB patients, and proper treatment and management of the infected cases to minimize the spread and ..... in an amino acid change and concluded that this is one of the reasons ...

  17. HIV/TB CO-INFECTION:THE CHALLENGES

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    2013-12-02

    Dec 2, 2013 ... latent MTB infection to active TB disease, in which the annual risk of developing TB disease from MTB ... fresh air ventilation; exposure of highly vulnerable individuals; and reduced efficacy or failure of .... Consequently, some patients may develop acute renal failure or acute respiratory distress syndrome.

  18. 46 CFR 30.10-45 - Ocean-TB/O.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... 46 Shipping 1 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Ocean-TB/O. 30.10-45 Section 30.10-45 Shipping COAST GUARD, DEPARTMENT OF HOMELAND SECURITY TANK VESSELS GENERAL PROVISIONS Definitions § 30.10-45 Ocean—TB/O. Under this designation shall be included all tank vessels normally navigating the waters of any ocean or...

  19. Challenges of TB diagnosis and treatment in South Africa | Wood ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    It is estimated that 2 billion of the world\\'s population are latently infected with Mycobacterium tuberculosis (Mtb) with a resultant 8 - 9 million cases of active tuberculosis (TB) and 1.6 million deaths annually.1 The tools used for diagnosis of TB have remained largely unchanged since the 1880s when sputum microscopy, Mtb ...

  20. Heterogeneous Uptake of HO2 Radicals onto Atmospheric Aerosols

    Science.gov (United States)

    George, I. J.; Matthews, P. S.; Brooks, B.; Goddard, A.; Whalley, L. K.; Baeza-Romero, M. T.; Heard, D. E.

    2011-12-01

    The hydroxyl (OH) and hydroperoxyl (HO2) radicals, together known as HOx, play a vital role in atmospheric chemistry by controlling the oxidative capacity of the troposphere. The atmospheric lifetime and concentrations of many trace reactive species, such as volatile organic compounds (VOCs), are determined by HOx radical levels. Therefore, the ability to accurately predict atmospheric HOx concentrations from a detailed knowledge of their sources and sinks is a very useful diagnostic tool to assess our current understanding of atmospheric chemistry. Several recent field studies have observed significantly lower concentrations of HO2 radicals than predicted using box models, where HO2 loss onto aerosols was suggested as a possible missing sink [1, 2]. However, the mechanism on HO2 uptake onto aerosols and its impact on ambient HOx levels are currently not well understood. To improve our understanding of this process, we have conducted laboratory experiments to measure HO2 uptake coefficients onto submicron aerosol particles. The FAGE (Fluorescence Assay by Gas Expansion) technique, a highly sensitive laser induced fluorescence based detection method, was used to monitor HO2 uptake kinetics onto aerosol particles in an aerosol flow tube. The application of the FAGE technique allowed for kinetic experiments to be performed under low HO2 concentrations, i.e. [HO2] atomizing dilute salt solutions or by homogeneous nucleation. HO2 uptake coefficients (γ) have been measured for single-component solid and aqueous inorganic salt and organic aerosol particles with a wide range of hygroscopicities. HO2 uptake coefficients on solid particles were below the detection limit (γ < 0.001), whereas on aqueous aerosols uptake coefficients were somewhat larger (γ = 0.001 - 0.008). HO2 uptake coefficients were highest on aerosols containing metal ions, such as Cu and Fe. Humidity and aerosol pH did not significantly impact the reactive HO2 uptake. Preliminary experiments have also