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Sample records for higher leptin levels

  1. Leptin Levels Are Higher in Whole Compared to Skim Human Milk, Supporting a Cellular Contribution

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    Sambavi Kugananthan

    2016-11-01

    Full Text Available Human milk (HM contains a plethora of metabolic hormones, including leptin, which is thought to participate in the regulation of the appetite of the developing infant. Leptin in HM is derived from a combination of de novo mammary synthesis and transfer from the maternal serum. Moreover, leptin is partially lipophilic and is also present in HM cells. However, leptin has predominately been measured in skim HM, which contains neither fat nor cells. We optimised an enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay for leptin measurement in both whole and skim HM and compared leptin levels between both HM preparations collected from 61 lactating mothers. Whole HM leptin ranged from 0.2 to 1.47 ng/mL, whilst skim HM leptin ranged from 0.19 to 0.9 ng/mL. Whole HM contained, on average, 0.24 ± 0.01 ng/mL more leptin than skim HM (p < 0.0001, n = 287. No association was found between whole HM leptin and fat content (p = 0.17, n = 287, supporting a cellular contribution to HM leptin. No difference was found between pre- and post-feed samples (whole HM: p = 0.29, skim HM: p = 0.89. These findings highlight the importance of optimising HM leptin measurement and assaying it in whole HM to accurately examine the amount of leptin received by the infant during breastfeeding.

  2. Leptin Levels Are Higher in Whole Compared to Skim Human Milk, Supporting a Cellular Contribution.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kugananthan, Sambavi; Lai, Ching Tat; Gridneva, Zoya; Mark, Peter J; Geddes, Donna T; Kakulas, Foteini

    2016-11-08

    Human milk (HM) contains a plethora of metabolic hormones, including leptin, which is thought to participate in the regulation of the appetite of the developing infant. Leptin in HM is derived from a combination of de novo mammary synthesis and transfer from the maternal serum. Moreover, leptin is partially lipophilic and is also present in HM cells. However, leptin has predominately been measured in skim HM, which contains neither fat nor cells. We optimised an enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay for leptin measurement in both whole and skim HM and compared leptin levels between both HM preparations collected from 61 lactating mothers. Whole HM leptin ranged from 0.2 to 1.47 ng/mL, whilst skim HM leptin ranged from 0.19 to 0.9 ng/mL. Whole HM contained, on average, 0.24 ± 0.01 ng/mL more leptin than skim HM (p leptin and fat content (p = 0.17, n = 287), supporting a cellular contribution to HM leptin. No difference was found between pre- and post-feed samples (whole HM: p = 0.29, skim HM: p = 0.89). These findings highlight the importance of optimising HM leptin measurement and assaying it in whole HM to accurately examine the amount of leptin received by the infant during breastfeeding.

  3. Smoking is Associated with Reduced Leptin and Neuropeptide Y Levels and Higher Pain Experience in Patients with Fibromyalgia

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    Maria I. Bokarewa

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available Smoking deregulates neuroendocrine responses to pain supporting production of neuropeptide Y (NpY by direct stimulation of nicotinic receptors or by inhibiting adipokine leptin. Present study addressed the effect of cigarette smoking on adipokines and pain parameters, in 62 women with fibromyalgia (FM pain syndrome with unknown etiology. Pain was characterized by a visual analogue scale, tender point (TP counts, pressure pain threshold, and neuroendocrine markers NpY and substance P (sP. Levels of IGF-1, leptin, resistin, visfatin, and adiponectin were measured in blood and cerebrospinal fluid. Current smokers (n=18 had lower levels of leptin compared to ex-smokers (n=25, P=0.002, while the expected NpY increase was absent in FM patients. In smokers, this was transcribed in higher VAS-pain (P=0.04 and TP count (P=0.03, lower pain threshold (P=0.01, since NpY levels were directly related to the pain threshold (rho=0.414 and inversely related to TP counts (rho=-0.375. This study shows that patients with FM have no increase of NpY levels in response to smoking despite the low levels of leptin. Deregulation of the balance between leptin and neuropeptide Y may be one of the essential mechanisms of chronic pain in FM.

  4. Correlation of leptin and soluble leptin receptor levels with anthropometric parameters in mother-newborn pairs

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    Marino-Ortega, Linda A; Molina-Bello, Adiel; Polanco-García, Julio C; Muñoz-Valle, José F; Salgado-Bernabé, Aralia B; Guzmán-Guzmán, Iris P; Parra-Rojas, Isela

    2015-01-01

    The aim of this study was to investigate if anthropometric parameters are associated with both leptin and soluble leptin receptor (sLEPR) levels in newborns and their mothers. This cross-sectional study was performed in 118 mother-newborn pairs. The venous blood sample of mothers was taken before delivery and immediately after delivery an umbilical cord blood sample was collected. Levels of leptin and sLEPR in maternal and umbilical cord sera were assessed by ELISA. Maternal serum concentration of leptin and sLEPR (6.2 and 25.7 ng/ml, respectively) were higher than in umbilical cord blood (2.4 and 14.2 ng/ml, respectively). However, the newborns and their mothers had higher sLEPR levels than leptin levels. In mothers was observed that leptin levels increase with weight gain in pregnancy and decreased sLEPR levels. Cord leptin levels correlated with neonatal birth weight and length, the body circumferences, placental weight and maternal leptin levels. Cord sLEPR levels correlated with maternal sLEPR and leptin levels. Maternal serum concentration of leptin correlated with pre-pregnancy BMI, weight gain, cord sLEPR and leptin levels. Maternal sLEPR concentration correlated with cord sLEPR levels. The leptin and sLEPR levels in mother-newborn pairs are related with anthropometric parameters and an inverse correlation between leptin levels and sLEPR was observed in pairs. PMID:26379933

  5. Higher TNF-α, IGF-1 and leptin levels are found in tasters than non-tasters

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    Rui eWang

    2014-07-01

    Full Text Available Taste perception is controlled by taste cells that are present in the tongue and produce and secrete various metabolic hormones. Recent studies have demonstrated that taste receptors in tongue, gut and the pancreas are associated with local hormone secretion. The aim of this study was to determine whether there is a link between taste sensitivity and levels of circulating metabolic hormones in human and whether taste sensitivity is potentially related to peripheral metabolic regulation. 31 subjects were recruited and separated into tasters and non-tasters based on their phenol thiocarbamide (PTC bitter taste test results. Fasting plasma and saliva were collected and levels of hormones and cytokines were assayed. We observed significant differences in both hormone levels and hormone-body mass index (BMI correlation between tasters and non-tasters. Tasters had higher plasma levels of leptin (p=0.05, tumor necrosis factor-α (TNF-α (p=0.04, and Insulin-like growth factor 1 (IGF-1 (p=0.03. There was also a trend towards increased IGF-1 levels in the saliva of tasters (p=0.06. We found a positive correlation between plasma levels of glucose and BMI (R=0.4999, p=0.04 exclusively in non-tasters, not in tasters. In contrast, plasma C-peptide levels were found to be positively correlated to BMI (R=0.5563, p=0.03 in tasters. Saliva TNF-α levels were negatively correlated with BMI in tasters (R= -0.5908, p=0.03. Our findings demonstrate that there are differences in circulating levels of leptin, TNF-α and IGF-1 between tasters and non-tasters. These findings indicate that in addition to regulate eating behaviours, taste perception could also affect energy metabolism by controlling hormone secretion. People with different taste sensitivity may respond differently to the nutrient stimulation. Further work investigating the link between taste perception and peripheral metabolic control could potentially lead to the development of novel therapies for obese

  6. A high-sugar/low-fiber meal compared with a low-sugar/high-fiber meal leads to higher leptin and physical activity levels in overweight Latina females.

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    Spruijt-Metz, Donna; Belcher, Britni; Anderson, David; Lane, Christianne Joy; Chou, Chih-Ping; Salter-Venzon, Dawna; Davis, Jaimie N; Hsu, Ya-Wen Janice; Neuhouser, Marian L; Richey, Joyce M; McKenzie, Thomas L; McClain, Arianna; Goran, Michael I; Weigensberg, Marc J

    2009-06-01

    Acute effects of high-sugar/low-fiber meals vs low-sugar/high-fiber meals on hormones and behavior were studied in 10 overweight Latina females, age 11 to 12 years, using a crossover design. In this exploratory pilot study, participants arrived fasted at an observation laboratory on two occasions and randomly received either a high-sugar/low-fiber meal or a low-sugar/high-fiber meal at each visit. Glucose, insulin, and leptin were assayed from serum drawn at 0, 15, 30, 60, 90, and 120 minutes. Ad libitum snacks were provided at 120 minutes. Physical activity was measured using an observational system that provides data on time spent lying down, sitting, standing, walking, and in vigorous activity. Data were collected between March 2005 and July 2006. In the high-sugar/low-fiber condition, glucose and leptin levels decreased more slowly, glucose levels were higher at 60 minutes (111.2 mg/dL vs 95.4 mg/dL, P=0.03), and leptin levels were higher at 90 minutes (49.3 ng/mL vs 46.7 ng/mL, P=0.017) than in the low-sugar/high-fiber condition. Meals did not affect insulin or ad libitum dietary intake. Sitting, standing, lying down, and vigorous activity differed by condition, but not walking. Participants were significantly more active in the first 30 to 60 minutes after the high-sugar/low-fiber meal, but after 60 minutes there was a trend for activity to be lower after the high-sugar/low-fiber meal vs the low-sugar/high-fiber meal. High-sugar meals sustain glucose and leptin levels longer, which may play an important role in modulating levels of physical activity in this group at high risk for obesity-related disease.

  7. Association between Salivary Leptin Levels and Taste Perception in Children

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    Lénia Rodrigues

    2017-01-01

    Full Text Available The satiety inducing hormone leptin acts not only at central nervous system but also at peripheral level. Leptin receptors are found in several sense related organs, including the mouth. A role of leptin in sweet taste response has been suggested but, until now, studies have been based on in vitro experiments, or in assessing the levels of the hormone in circulation. The present study investigated whether the levels of leptin in saliva are related to taste perception in children and whether Body Mass Index (BMI affects such relationship. Sweet and bitter taste sensitivity was assessed for 121 children aged 9-10 years and unstimulated whole saliva was collected for leptin quantification, using ELISA technique. Children females with lower sweet taste sensitivity presented higher salivary leptin levels, but this is only in the normal weight ones. For bitter taste, association between salivary leptin and caffeine threshold detection was observed only in preobese boys, with higher levels of salivary hormone in low sensitive individuals. This study is the first presenting evidences of a relationship between salivary leptin levels and taste perception, which is sex and BMI dependent. The mode of action of salivary leptin at taste receptor level should be elucidated in future studies.

  8. Leptin levels in children and adults with classic galactosaemia.

    LENUS (Irish Health Repository)

    Knerr, Ina

    2012-11-07

    Among the long-term complications of Classic Galactosaemia (Gal) is premature ovarian insufficiency (POI) in female patients with subtle abnormalities of reproductive function also reported in male patients. Leptin is a circulating hormone which reflects body energy stores and which affects the neuroendocrine reproductive axis and pubertal development.We measured serum leptin in 28 children (10 girls, 18 boys; mean age 7.6 years, range 0.5-17.9 years) and in 22 adults (10 females, 12 males; mean age 23.9 years, range 18-37 years) with Gal on a strict galactose-restricted diet in comparison with control data.Leptin levels (expressed as SDS for gender and pubertal stage) were lower in Gal children than controls (mean leptin-SDS = -0.71 for girls, p < 0.05, -0.97 for boys compared with SDS = 0 for controls, p < 0.05). In an age-related analysis, leptin levels did not correlate with age in children with Gal for both sexes as it did for matched controls.As expected, females had higher leptin levels than males in either group. In adults with Gal, leptin concentrations were within normal limits for both sexes when adjusted for gender and BMI. There was a linear relationship between log-leptin and BMI in children with Gal and in controls. For Gal women, log-leptin was also associated with BMI. However, for Gal men, and hence for the entire group of adult Gal patients, this association between log-leptin and BMI was not detectable. Our findings suggest that leptin dysregulation may play a role in fertility issues in individuals with Gal from an early age.

  9. Higher fetuin-A, lower adiponectin and free leptin levels mediate effects of excess body weight on insulin resistance and risk for myelodysplastic syndrome.

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    Dalamaga, Maria; Karmaniolas, Konstantinos; Chamberland, John; Nikolaidou, Athina; Lekka, Antigoni; Dionyssiou-Asteriou, Amalia; Mantzoros, Christos S

    2013-12-01

    Excess body weight has been implicated in the pathogenesis of myelodysplastic syndrome (MDS). We thus explored the role of serum fetuin-A reflecting ectopic hepatic fat deposition when storage capacity of adipocytes has been exceeded, free leptin reflecting overall fat mass and adiponectin reflecting visceral fat mass, all potential mediators of the effects of obesity on insulin resistance and, consequently, to MDS risk. In a hospital-based case-control study, we studied 101 cases with incident, histologically confirmed primary MDS and 101 controls matched on gender, age and date of diagnosis, between 2004 and 2007. Serum fetuin-A, adiponectin, leptin, leptin receptor, free leptin and insulin were determined. Higher serum fetuin-A, lower adiponectin and lower free leptin were all individually and independently associated with higher risk of MDS before and after controlling for matching and risk factors, such as age, gender, date of diagnosis, body mass index (BMI), family history of lymphohematopoietic cancer, smoking history and serum insulin. Interestingly, we have shown that these associations were prominent among overweight/obese individuals and persisted after controlling for BMI and serum insulin indicating that their effects are above and beyond insulinemia only. Elevated serum fetuin-A but lower adiponectin and free leptin are associated with higher risk of MDS particularly among overweight/obese individuals. These findings suggest that the association between excessive weight gain and the risk of MDS could be mediated by fetuin-A, adiponectin and free leptin, which may have potential clinical and preventive implications. © 2013.

  10. Relationship between Plasma Leptin Level and Chronic Kidney Disease

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    Anoop Shankar

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available Background. Leptin is an adipose tissue-derived hormone shown to be related to several metabolic, inflammatory, and hemostatic factors related to chronic kidney disease. Recent animal studies have reported that infusion of recombinant leptin into normal rats for 3 weeks fosters the development of glomerulosclerosis. However, few studies have examined the association between leptin and CKD in humans. Therefore, we examined the association between plasma leptin levels and CKD in a representative sample of US adults. Methods. We examined the third National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey participants >20 years of age (n=5820, 53.6% women. Plasma leptin levels were categorized into quartiles (≤4.3 Fg/L, 4.4–8.7 Fg/L, 8.8–16.9 Fg/L, >16.9 Fg/L. CKD was defined as a glomerular filtration rate of <60 mL/min/1.73 m2 estimated from serum creatinine. Results. Higher plasma leptin levels were associated with CKD after adjusting for age, sex, race/ethnicity, education, smoking, alcohol intake, body mass index (BMI, diabetes, hypertension, and serum cholesterol. Compared to quartile 1 of leptin (referent, the odds ratio (95% confidence interval of CKD associated with quartile 4 was 3.31 (1.41 to 7.78; P-trend = 0.0135. Subgroup analyses examining the relation between leptin and CKD by gender, BMI categories, diabetes, and hypertension status also showed a consistent positive association. Conclusion. Higher plasma leptin levels are associated with CKD in a representative sample of US adults.

  11. Placental leptin mRNA expression and serum leptin levels in pre-eclampsia associated with HIV infection.

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    Haffejee, Firoza; Naicker, Thajasvarie; Singh, Moganavelli; Kharsany, Ayesha B M; Adhikari, Miriam; Singh, Ravesh; Maharaj, Niren; Moodley, Jagidesa

    2017-01-01

    Leptin, primarily produced by adipocytes, is implicated in the development of pre-eclampsia. This study examines placental leptin production and serum leptin levels in HIV infected and uninfected normotensive and pre-eclamptic pregnancies. Placental leptin production was analysed by RT-PCR and serum leptin levels by ELISA in normotensive (n = 90) and pre-eclamptic (n = 90) pregnancies which were further stratified by HIV status. Placental leptin production was higher in pre-eclampsia compared to normotensive pregnancies irrespective of HIV status (p = .04). Serum leptin was non-significantly raised in HIV uninfected (p = .42) but lower in HIV-infected (p = .03) pre-eclampsia. The latter had lower BMI (p = .007) and triceps skin-fold thickness (p leptin and triceps skin-fold thickness (p leptin. Thus, serum leptin levels are not indicative of increased placental production when pre-eclampsia is associated with HIV infection.

  12. Leptin levels and lipoprotein profiles in patients with cholelithiasis.

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    Saraç, Serdar; Atamer, Aytaç; Atamer, Yildiz; Can, Ahmet Selçuk; Bilici, Aslan; Taçyildiz, İbrahim; Koçyiğit, Yüksel; Yenice, Necati

    2015-06-01

    To determine the relationships between serum leptin and levels of lipoprotein(a) [Lp(a)], apolipoprotein A-1 (ApoA-1) and apolipoprotein B (ApoB) in patients with cholelithiasis. Patients with ultrasound-confirmed cholelithiasis and controls frequency-matched for age, sex, body mass index, fasting blood glucose and haemoglobin A1c levels were recruited. Fasting blood samples from all study participants were assayed for glucose, haemoglobin A1c, total cholesterol, high density lipoprotein-cholesterol (HDL-C) and triglyceride. Serum Lp(a), ApoA-1 and ApoB levels were measured using nephelometric assays; serum leptin was measured using an enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay. A total of 90 patients with cholelithiasis and 50 controls were included in the study. Serum levels of leptin, Lp(a), total cholesterol, triglyceride and ApoB were significantly increased, and levels of ApoA-1 and HDL-C were significantly decreased, in patients with cholelithiasis compared with controls. Serum leptin in patients with cholelithiasis were significantly positively correlated with Lp(a) and ApoB and negatively correlated with ApoA-1. Patients with cholelithiasis have higher leptin levels and an altered lipoprotein profile compared with controls, with increased leptin levels being associated with increased Lp(a) and ApoB levels, and decreased ApoA-1 levels, in those with cholelithiasis. © The Author(s) 2015 Reprints and permissions: sagepub.co.uk/journalsPermissions.nav.

  13. Evaluation of Serum Leptin Level in Children With Acute Leukemia

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    Iraj Shahramian

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available Background Leptin is a multifunctional hormone plays an important role in regulating lipid, energy, homeostasis, angiogenesis, inflammation, hematopoiesis and cell cycle. This polypeptide is effective in growth and differentiation of leukemic cells through an Ob-R receptor expressed by them. Objectives The purpose of this study was to evaluate serum leptin levels in patients with acute leukemia and compare it in lymphoid and myeloid groups. Patients and Methods This analytical case-control study, conducted on 60 children in age ranged from 6 months to 16 years in two case and control groups in Ali ibn Abi Talib hospital, Zahedan. They matched based on age and gender and examined after their parent’s satisfaction according to the parental consent forms. None of patients had heart disease, digestive, glandular and metabolic problems, iron deficiency anemia and chronic kidney disease. After collecting the samples, leptin levels of both groups were measured with ELISA kit. Then, the gathered data were analyzed in SPSS-20 software, using independent t-test in considering of 95% confidence interval. Results Leptin serum levels in patients with acute leukemia and controls showed significant difference (P < 0.05. Leptin serum levels in patients with acute lymphoblastic leukemia and acute myeloblastic leukemia showed significant difference (P < 0.05. Leptin serum level in relation to age and gender groups was not statistically significant. Conclusions The findings of this study showed that in patients with acute leukemia, leptin serum levels increase independently of age and gender. In addition, leptin serum levels in acute lymphoid leukemia were higher than acute myeloid leukemia in this study.

  14. Kadar leptin saliva dan kejadian karies gigi anak obesitas (Salivary leptin levels and caries incidence in obese children

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    Elfrida Atzmaryanni

    2013-09-01

    Full Text Available Background: Children with obesity have a lower incidence of caries. Salivary leptin levels of obese children is higher than normal children. Leptin is protein hormone, contained in saliva. Salivary proteins maintain the balance of the ecosystem in the mouth. Purpose: The article was aimed to study the correlation of salivary leptin levels with caries incidence in obese children. Review: Mouth is reflection of the health status and so many changes occur as a weight gain. Child with obesity has a low incidence of caries than normal. This condition is associated with changes in oral cavity, especially the increase in salivary leptin. Caries is a disease of hard tissues cause by the activty of microorganisms, especially Streptococcus mutans. Salivary proteins maintain the balance of the ecosystem in the mouth. Leptin is a protein saliva, produced predominantly in adipose tissue and conduct active transport to saliva. Salivary leptin works in two ways: as an antimicrobial which prevents the attachment of bacteria on tooth surface or by inducing cytokine that affect the immune system in oral cavity. Conclusion: Salivary leptin is higher in obese children than in normal children. The low incidence of caries on obesity is associated with salivary leptin. Alteration in salivary composition and flow rate also decreased caries in obesity.Latar belakang: Anak yang mengalami obesitas memiliki insiden karies yang rendah. Kadar leptin saliva anak obesitas lebih tinggi dari anak normal. Leptin merupakan salah satu protein hormon yang terdapat di saliva. Protein saliva berfungsi untuk menjaga keseimbangan ekosistem di mulut. Tujuan: Artikel ini bertujuan mempelajari hubungan antara kadar leptin di dalam saliva dengan kejadian karies anak obesitas. Tinjauan pustaka: Rongga mulut merupakan cerminan dari status kesehatan dan banyak perubahan yang terjadi seiring peningkatan berat badan seseorang. Anak Obesitas memiliki insiden karies yang rendah jika dibandingkan

  15. Serum Leptin and Insulin Hormone Level in Recurrent Pregnancy Loss

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    Rayah S. Baban

    2010-06-01

    Full Text Available Objective: To measure serum leptin and insulin levels in women with recurrent pregnancy loss using modified methods of High Performance Liquid Chromatography (HPLC, and to examine their influence on recurrent loss at different pregnancy trimesters.Methods: A case control study was conducted from, 1 September 2008 to 30 December 2009 in the Obstetric and Gynecological Department-Al-Khadimiya Teaching Hospital. HPLC technique with new modified method was used to estimate serum leptin and insulin hormones in samples of women with recurrent pregnancy loss (patients group, n=64 and healthy pregnant women at the end of the third gestational trimester as a control group (n=51.Results: Both serum leptin and insulin levels were high in women with pregnancy loss in their three trimesters. A significant correlation was found between age (r=0.535, p<0.018 and serum total leptin in women with RPL during the first trimester. Also, a highly significant correlation was found between serum total leptin and insulin in women with RPL during the first, second and third trimesters (r=0.894, r=0.931, and r =0.995 respectively. The number of women who lost their pregnancy during the first trimester was higher than those losing during other trimesters.Conclusion: It can be concluded that recurrent pregnancy loss in women at different trimester is associated with endocrine abnormalities where serum leptin and insulin levels increase in a different way compared with normal healthy pregnant women.

  16. No association between leptin levels and sleep duration or quality in obese adults.

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    Knutson, Kristen L; Galli, Giulia; Zhao, Xiongce; Mattingly, Megan; Cizza, Giovanni

    2011-12-01

    Previous research in lean subjects has found lower leptin levels associated with shorter sleep duration. Since leptin levels are higher and some of the actions of leptin are impaired in obese individuals, one cannot assume that sleep will be similarly associated with leptin in obese individuals. The aim of this paper was to examine the cross-sectional association between habitual sleep duration and quality and plasma leptin levels in a sample of 80 obese men and premenopausal women aged 18-50 years. Leptin levels (ng/ml) were assayed on a fasting blood sample taken in the morning. We calculated a relative leptin level by dividing leptin by body fat percentage. Sleep duration and sleep efficiency were measured by 2 weeks of wrist actigraphy and respiratory disturbance index (RDI), a measure of sleep disordered breathing, was assessed by a portable screening device on a single night. Mean leptin levels and body fat percentage were higher in women than men (P sleep measures, including sleep duration, sleep efficiency, and sleep disordered breathing. There was also no difference between men and women in the association between sleep and leptin. In conclusion, contrary to what has been reported in other studies, measures of sleep duration and quality were not associated with leptin levels in our sample of obese adults.

  17. A higher response of plasma neuropeptide Y, growth hormone, leptin levels and extracellular glycerol levels in subcutaneous abdominal adipose tissue to Acipimox during exercise in patients with bulimia nervosa: single-blind, randomized, microdialysis study

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    Smitka Kvido

    2011-11-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background Neuropeptide Y (NPY is an important central orexigenic hormone predominantly produced by the hypothalamus, and recently found to be secreted in adipose tissue (AT. Acipimox (Aci inhibits lipolysis in AT and reduces plasma glycerol and free fatty acid (FFA levels. Exercise and Aci are enhancers of growth hormone (GH and NPY secretion and exercise may alter leptin levels. We expect to find abnormal neuropeptidergic response in plasma and AT in patients with bulimia nervosa (BN. We hypothesize that Aci influences these peptides via a FFA-independent mechanism and that Aci inhibits lipolysis through a cyclic adenosine monophosphate (cAMP-dependent pathway. Dysregulations of the AT-brain axis peptides might be involved in binge eating as is the case in BN. Methods The objective of this study was to determine the responses of plasma NPY, GH, leptin, FFA and glycerol levels to exercise in BN patients and healthy women (C given the anti-lipolytic drug Aci or placebo. The secondary objective of this study was to compare the responses of extracellular glycerol levels and plasma glycerol levels to exercise alone or together with Aci administration in BN patients and C women. Extracellular glycerol was measured in vivo in subcutaneous (sc abdominal AT using microdialysis. Eight BN and eight C women were recruited for this single-blind, randomized study. Aci or placebo was given 1 hour before the exercise (45 min, 2 W/kg of lean body mass [LBM]. NPY, GH, leptin, FFA, glycerol plasma and AT glycerol levels were measured using commercial kits. Results The primary outcome of this study was that the exercise with Aci administration resulted in plasma NPY and GH increase (after a 45-minute exercise and leptin (after a 90-minute post-exercise recovering phase increased more in BN patients. The secondary outcomes of this study were that the exercise with Aci administration induced a higher decrease of extracellular glycerol in BN patients

  18. Correlation of serum leptin with levels of hemoglobin in hemodialysis

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    Rafieian-Kopaei Mahmoud

    2012-04-01

    Full Text Available To examine the association of serum leptin level with anemia in hemodialysis, we investigated 36 patients (males: 21, diabetics: 11 under regular hemodialysis. For patients, complete blood counts, iron profile, serum leptin, and adequacy of hemodialysis were assessed. In this study a significant correlation of serum leptin with level of hemoglobin and body mass index was detected. An association between serum leptin and total iron binding capacity was observed. No correlation of serum ferritin with leptin level was seen. Our findings attest previous findings showing that greater serum leptin levels are associated with greater hemoglobin levels.

  19. Interpersonal Stressors Predict Ghrelin and Leptin Levels in Women

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    Jaremka, Lisa M.; Belury, Martha A.; Andridge, Rebecca R.; Malarkey, William B.; Glaser, Ronald; Christian, Lisa; Emery, Charles F.; Kiecolt-Glaser, Janice K.

    2014-01-01

    Objective Stressful events enhance risk for weight gain and adiposity. Ghrelin and leptin, two hormones that are implicated in appetite regulation, may link stressful events to weight gain; a number of rodent studies suggest that stressors increase ghrelin production. The present study investigated the links among daily stressors, ghrelin and leptin, and dietary intake in humans. Method Women (N = 50) completed three study appointments that were scheduled at least 2 weeks apart. At each visit, women arrived fasting and ate a standardized breakfast and lunch. Blood samples were collected 45 minutes after each meal. Women completed a self-report version of the Daily Inventory of Stressful Events (DISE) at each appointment. Two composites were created from the DISE data, reflecting the number of stressors that did and did not involve interpersonal tension. Results Women who experienced more stressors involving interpersonal tension had higher ghrelin and lower leptin levels than those who experienced fewer interpersonal stressors. Furthermore, women who experienced more interpersonal stressors had a diet that was higher in calories, fat, carbohydrates, protein, sugar, sodium, and fiber, and marginally higher in cholesterol, vegetables (but not fruits), vitamin A, and vitamin C. Stressors that did not involve interpersonal tension were unrelated to ghrelin and leptin levels or any of the dietary components examined. Conclusions These data suggest that ghrelin and leptin may link daily interpersonal stressors to weight gain and obesity. PMID:25032903

  20. Leptin Level in Women with Metabolic Syndrome

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    Alexander V. Dreval, PhD, ScD

    2013-06-01

    Full Text Available A detailed study of the dynamics of leptin in the various types of disturbances in carbohydrate metabolism could reveal its role in the pathogenesis of Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus (T2DM. The aim of this study was to investigate the Fasting Leptin Level (FLL and effect of acute hyperinsulinemia during the Intravenous Glucose Tolerance Test (IVGTT on the leptin levels in women with Insulin Resistance Syndrome (IRS. Materials and Methods: In total, 59 obese women (54.0 [48.5-60.0] yrs; BMI – 33.2 [29.0-37.2] kg/m² with IRS (12 – obesity (NGT, 18 - ITG and 30 - T2DM were observed. The IVGTT test was done only in women with impaired glucose tolerance (IGT and T2DM. The leptin level was investigated during fasting conditions and again 120 min post glucose loading. Then the Hepatic glucose production Index (H-index was calculated using the IVGTT data. Results: The FLL in women with normal glucose tolerance (NGT was almost two times greater than in women with IGT and T2DM. A negative relationship was found to exist between FLL and HbA1c in T2DM (r=0.3, p8%. The leptin level significantly decreased at 120 min of IVGTT in both the IGT and T2DM groups (p<0.05. Conclusion: The FLL depended upon the degree of glucose metabolism impairment; postprandial leptin response to the glucose load was lower in the IGT group than in the T2DM subjects.

  1. Contribution of placental leptin to the serum levels in preeclampsia and the effect of hypoxia on synthesis of placental leptin

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    HUANG Liang; LI Dong-hong; ZHOU Run-suo; ZHAO Hong-xi; LI Yi; YAO Yuan-qing

    2005-01-01

    Objective: To investigate the contribution of placental leptin to the serum levels in preeclampsia and the effect of hypoxia on synthesis of placental leptin. Methods: Fifteen preeclamptic women and 20 normotensive pregnant women were recruited in present study. Leptin concentrations in peripheral venous blood samples and uterine venous blood samples were measured by radioimmunoassay. Eight cases of normal human term placental villi were cultured either in normaxia (21%O2) or in hypoxia (2%O2) followed by determining leptin in the culture medium by radioimmunoassay. Results: Leptin concentrations were significantly higher in preeclamptic women than in normotensive pregnant women, both in the peripheral vein ([23.29±12.87] μg/L vs [13.87±5.57] μg/L, P<0.01) and uterine vein ([16.44±8.62] μg/L vs [11.21±4.20] μg/L, P<0.05). Leptin concentrations were significantly higher in the peripheral vein than in uterine vein, both in the preeclamptic (P<0.01) and in normotensive pregnant women (P<0.01). Concentrations of leptin in the culture medium were significantly increased in hypoxia than in normoxia (P<0.05). Conclusion: The pathogenesis of preeclampsia may be associated with an increase of maternal serum leptin and placenta leptin, and hypoxia in placenta may be an important factor that results in preeclamptic placenta to produce more leptin. Placenta is not the principal source of the serum leptin in the preeclamptic women or normotensive pregnant women.

  2. Plasma leptin levels in healthy children and adolescents

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Blum, W F; Englaro, P; Hanitsch, S

    1997-01-01

    changes, leptin levels and various hormonal parameters were investigated in a large cohort of healthy children and adolescents (312 males, 401 females, age 5.8-19.9 yr). For this purpose, a specific and sensitive RIA was developed that allowed the accurate measurement of low leptin levels in young lean...... children. With this assay, leptin proved to be a comparatively stable protein under common conditions of blood sampling and storage. Leptin levels increased in girls with age (r = 0.47, P

  3. Elevated circulating leptin levels in arterial hypertension: relationship to arteriovenous overflow and extraction of leptin

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Henriksen, Jens Henrik Sahl; Holst, J J; Moller, S

    2000-01-01

    Leptin, a peptide hormone produced mainly in fat cells, appears to be important for the regulation of metabolism, insulin secretion/sensitivity and body weight. Recently, elevated plasma leptin levels have been reported in patients with arterial hypertension. Because a change in circulating leptin...... concentrations in such patients could be caused by altered rates of production or disposal, or both, the aim of the present study was to identify regions of leptin overflow into the bloodstream and of leptin extraction. Patients with arterial hypertension (n=12) and normotensive controls (n=20) were studied...... during catheterization with elective blood sampling from different vascular beds (artery, and renal, hepatic, iliac and cubital veins). Plasma leptin was determined by a radioimmunoassay. Patients with hypertension had significantly elevated levels of circulating leptin (12.8 ng/l, compared with 4.1 ng...

  4. The effect of four weeks restricted diet on serum soluble leptin receptor levels and adipocyte leptin receptor density in normoweight rattus norvegicus strain Wistar

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    M. R. Indra

    2006-09-01

    Full Text Available One of the five possible mechanisms of leptin resistance in human obesity is the defect in the leptin receptor (Ob-R. Evidence has accumulated that leptin-binding activity in human serum is related to a soluble form of the leptin receptor, and restriction of energy intake resulted a decrease in circulating leptin levels. Aim of this study is to examine the difference of serum soluble leptin receptor level and leptin receptor density in rat adipose tissue of adventitial aorta after four weeks treated with different restricted diets. Soluble leptin receptor level was measured by ELISA and leptin receptor density by using immuno-histochemistry. The soluble leptin receptor in group treated with 40% of normal daily calori diet was found significantly lower than control (p = 0.02. There were no any significant differences among group treated with 40 % of normal daily calori diet, “1 day fast-1day eat”, and ”1day fast-2 days eat” groups, and among 1 day fast-1 day eat”, ”day fast - 2 days eat” and control groups as well. On the other hand, leptin receptor density in adipose tissues was higher in restricted diet group than control. Diet of 40 % normal daily calorie for 4 weeks decreased soluble leptin receptor level, but increased adipocyte leptin receptor density of the adipose tissue of rat adventitial aorta. These changes may be resulted from an up regulation mechanism in relation with homeostatic maintenance. (Med J Indones 2006; 15:145-50 Keywords: restricted diet, leptin receptor, soluble leptin receptor, adipocyte, obesity

  5. Evaluation of leptin level and Ob gene polymorphism in patients with Behcet's disease.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Okudan, Nilsel; Acar, Hasan; Gökbel, Hakki; Mevlitoğlu, Inci; Sari, Fatih

    2006-08-01

    The present study was aimed to evaluate serum leptin level and the frequency of oligopolymorphic codon 25 (CAA/CAG) of Ob gene in Behcet's disease. Eighty-seven patients with Behcet's disease and 85 healthy controls with matched age, gender and body mass index were included in the study. Serum leptin level was determined and genotype of codon 25 of Ob gene was performed by using the PCR amplification after DNA extraction. Serum leptin concentration of the patients with Behcet's disease (23.8 +/- 22.8 ng/ml) was higher than that of the control groups (17.1 +/- 14.7 ng/ml). The patients with Behcet's disease and control subjects showed CAA/CAA genotype, indicating the presence of no polymorphism. Neither Behcet's disease nor serum leptin level was found to be related to codon 25 polymorphism. We concluded that leptin 25CAG polymorphism is not associated with Behcet's disease and serum leptin level.

  6. Circulating leptin and adiponectin levels in patients with primary hyperparathyroidism.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Delfini, Enrica; Petramala, Luigi; Caliumi, Chiara; Cotesta, Darlo; De Toma, Giorgio; Cavallaro, Giuseppe; Panzironi, Giuseppe; Diacinti, Daniele; Minisola, Savatore; D' Erasmo, Emilio; Mazzuoli, Gian Franco; Letizia, Claudio

    2007-01-01

    Primary hyperparathyroidism (PHPT) has been associated with high cardiovascular morbidity and mortality; its pathogenesis is not fully understood. Moreover, many metabolic abnormalities are frequently present in patients with PHPT. Several substances (such as leptin and adiponectin) are secreted from adipocytes, which may contribute to regulate energy homeostasis and the development of cardiovascular diseases. We examined the relationship between leptin and adiponectin levels and metabolic disorders in 67 newly diagnosed never-treated patients with PHPT and in 46 healthy subjects (HS). Twenty (29.8%) patients with PHPT presented a metabolic syndrome (as defined by Adult Treatment Panel III criteria). Serum leptin and adiponectin levels in HS were 6.28 +/- 3.3 ng/mL (range, 1.7-19.2 ng/mL) and 6.65 +/- 1.7 microg/mL (range, 3.72-10.86 microg/mL), respectively. In all patients with PHPT, the mean leptin levels (34.28 +/- 20.4 ng/mL) were significantly higher than those of HS (P < .01) and, in particular, in PHPT patients with metabolic syndrome (52.63 +/- 31.2 ng/mL) and positively correlated with body mass index, waist circumference, and cholesterol. The mean adiponectin level was significantly lower (4.34 +/- 3.5 mug/mL) only in PHPT patients with metabolic syndrome (P < .005) and negatively correlated with waist circumference and fasting glucose. We concluded that increased serum level of leptin and decreased serum level of adiponectin coexist in patients with PHPT and may represent a pathogenetic factor for cardiovascular disease in this condition.

  7. Serum Leptin Levels in Epileptic Patients Treated with Topiramate and Valproic Acid

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    İrem Fatma Uludağ

    2011-03-01

    Full Text Available OBJECTIVE: Leptin is considered to be a signal factor that regulates body weight and energy expenditure, and there is a strong correlation between serum leptin concentrations, body mass index, and body fat mass in humans. Our aim in this study was to evaluate the role of leptin in valproic acid (VPA and topiramate (TPM related weight changes in epileptic patients. METHODS: Body mass index is calculated and serum leptin and insulin levels are measured in 56 patients with epilepsy (40 patients taking VPA and 16 patients taking VPA and TPM and in 40 healty control subjects. RESULTS: Obesity was seen in 21 patients (52.5% in VPA treated group, in 15 patients (37.5% in the control group and in only one male (6.3% in VPA and TPM treated group. Body mass index was lower in the group treated with VPA and TPM (p<0.001. Serum leptin concentrations were correlated with the body mass index (r=0.49, p<0.001 and were significantly higher in obese subjects (p<0.001 and in women (p<0.001. Serum leptin levels were significantly lower in patients treated with VPA and TPM (p<0.05. CONCLUSION: High levels of serum leptin in patients taking VPA and significantly low levels of serum leptin in patients taking VPA and TPM in our study are in agreement with the hypotheses that weight changes induced with VPA and TPM are related with the alterations in serum leptin levels.

  8. Effects of Metformin on Serum Levels of Secreted Klotho and Leptin in PCOS Women

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    Savadali Saifi Novashnag

    2016-07-01

    Patients’ weights showed some decline. Fasting plasma glucose levels and insulin resistance decreased significantly (p<0.01. Hormonal assays indicated significant decrease in leptin and insulin levels and rise in Klotho levels. BMIs did not change meaningfully. Measurements of leptin and klotho levels showed a decrease in mean leptin levels from 34.74 to 28.41 ng/l and the level of klotho increased from 4.01 to 5.43 ng/l. Conclusion: This study showed that metformin treatment can cause a rise in klotho and a decrease in leptin levels without considerable effects on the weights of women with PCOS. Probably, leptin exerts its physiological effects in low concentrations while klotho in contrast acts physiologically in higher concentrations.

  9. Elevated circulating leptin levels in arterial hypertension: relationship to arteriovenous overflow and extraction of leptin

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Henriksen, Jens Henrik; Holst, J J; Møller, Søren;

    2000-01-01

    during catheterization with elective blood sampling from different vascular beds (artery, and renal, hepatic, iliac and cubital veins). Plasma leptin was determined by a radioimmunoassay. Patients with hypertension had significantly elevated levels of circulating leptin (12.8 ng/l, compared with 4.1 ng...

  10. Fat mass and obesity-associated gene (FTO) is linked to higher plasma levels of the hunger hormone ghrelin and lower serum levels of the satiety hormone leptin in older adults.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Benedict, Christian; Axelsson, Tomas; Söderberg, Stefan; Larsson, Anders; Ingelsson, Erik; Lind, Lars; Schiöth, Helgi B

    2014-11-01

    The mechanisms through which common polymorphisms in the fat mass and obesity-associated gene (FTO) drive the development of obesity in humans are poorly understood. Using cross-sectional data from 985 older people (50% females) who participated at age 70 years in the Prospective Investigation of the Vasculature in Uppsala Seniors (PIVUS), circulating levels of ghrelin and leptin were measured after an overnight fast. In addition, subjects were genotyped for FTO rs17817449 (AA, n = 345 [35%]; AC/CA, n = 481 [48.8%]; CC, n = 159 [16.1%]). Linear regression analyses controlling for sex, self-reported physical activity level, fasting plasma glucose, and BMI were used. A positive relationship between the number of FTO C risk alleles and plasma ghrelin levels was found (P = 0.005; relative plasma ghrelin difference between CC and AA carriers = ∼ 9%). In contrast, serum levels of the satiety-enhancing hormone leptin were inversely linked to the number of FTO C risk alleles (P = 0.001; relative serum leptin difference between CC and AA carriers = ∼ 11%). These associations were also found when controlling for waist circumference. The present findings suggest that FTO may facilitate weight gain in humans by shifting the endocrine balance from the satiety hormone leptin toward the hunger-promoting hormone ghrelin.

  11. Serum Leptin Levels in Women with Immunological Recurrent Abortion

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zarei, Saeed; Soltanghoraee, Haleh; Mohammadzadeh, Afsaneh; Arefi, Soheila; Zarnani, Amir Hassan; Idali, Farah; Tavangar, Banafsheh; Savadi Shiraz, Elham; Moshref Behzad, Narges; Jeddi-Tehrani, Mahmood

    2010-01-01

    and BMI in both groups. Conclusion This study suggests that serum leptin levels are higher in IRA and URA patients than normal women. The findings of this study suggest the need for a more comprehensive study and comparison of leptin levels in IRA and URA patients to women with no history of miscarriages. PMID:23926480

  12. Plasma Leptin Levels in Children Hospitalized with Cholera in Bangladesh.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Falkard, Brie; Uddin, Taher; Rahman, M Arifur; Franke, Molly F; Aktar, Amena; Uddin, Muhammad Ikhtear; Bhuiyan, Taufiqur Rahman; Leung, Daniel T; Charles, Richelle C; Larocque, Regina C; Harris, Jason B; Calderwood, Stephen B; Qadri, Firdausi; Ryan, Edward T

    2015-08-01

    Vibrio cholerae, the cause of cholera, induces both innate and adaptive immune responses in infected humans. Leptin is a hormone that plays a role in both metabolism and mediating immune responses. We characterized leptin levels in 11 children with cholera in Bangladesh, assessing leptin levels on days 2, 7, 30, and 180 following cholera. We found that patients at the acute stage of cholera had significantly lower plasma leptin levels than matched controls, and compared with levels in late convalescence. We then assessed immune responses to V. cholerae antigens in 74 children with cholera, correlating these responses to plasma leptin levels on day 2 of illness. In multivariate analysis, we found an association between day 2 leptin levels and development of later anti-cholera toxin B subunit (CtxB) responses. This finding appeared to be limited to children with better nutritional status. Interestingly, we found no association between leptin levels and antibody responses to V. cholerae lipopolysaccharide, a T cell-independent antigen. Our results suggest that leptin levels may be associated with cholera, including the development of immune responses to T cell-dependent antigens. © The American Society of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene.

  13. Plasma levels of leptin and soluble leptin receptor and polymorphisms of leptin gene -18G > A and leptin receptor genes K109R and Q223R, in survivors of childhood acute lymphoblastic leukemia

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    Gozdzik Jolanta

    2011-06-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background Approximately 20% of children and adolescents in Europe are overweight. Survivors of pediatric acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL are at increased risk of overweight and obesity. The purpose of this study was to assess leptin and leptin soluble receptor levels, as well as polymorphisms of selected genes in survivors of pediatric ALL, and the influence of chemo- and radiotherapy on development of overweight in the context of leptin regulation. Methods Eighty two patients (55% males, of median age 13.2 years (m: 4.8 years; M: 26.2 years were included in the study. The ALL therapy was conducted according to modified Berlin-Frankfurt-Munster (BFM; n = 69 regimen or New York (n = 13 regimen. In 38% of patients cranial radiotherapy (CRT was used in median dose of 18.2Gy (m: 14Gy; M: 24Gy. Median age at diagnosis was 4.5 (m: 1 year; M: 16.9 years and median time from completion of ALL treatment was 3.2 years (m: 0.5 year; M: 4.3 years. Patients with BMI ≥85 percentile were classified as overweight. Correlation of plasma levels of leptin and leptin soluble receptor, and polymorphisms of leptin gene -18G > A, leptin receptor genes K109R and Q223R, and the overweight status were analyzed in relation to gender, intensity of chemotherapy (high intensity vs. standard intensity regimens and to the use of CRT. Results Significant differences of leptin levels in patients treated with and without CRT, both in the entire study group (22.2+/- 3.13 ng/ml vs. 14.9+/-1.6 ng/ml; p Conclusions The prevalence of overweight in our cohort was higher than in general European population (31% vs 20% and increased regardless of the use of CRT. Leptin and leptin receptor levels may be used as useful markers of high risk of becoming overweight in ALL survivors, particularly in females treated with CRT. Polymorphisms of leptin gene -18G > A and leptin receptor genes K109R and Q223R were not associated with overweight status in ALL survivors.

  14. Effects of estrogen on food intake, serum leptin levels and leptin mRNA expression in adipose tissue of female rats.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Fungfuang, Wirasak; Terada, Misao; Komatsu, Noriyuki; Moon, Changjong; Saito, Toru R

    2013-09-01

    The integration of metabolism and reproduction involves complex interactions of hypothalamic neuropeptides with metabolic hormones, fuels, and sex steroids. Of these, estrogen influences food intake, body weight, and the accumulation and distribution of adipose tissue. In this study, the effects of estrogen on food intake, serum leptin levels, and leptin mRNA expression were evaluated in ovariectomized rats. Seven-week-old female Wistar-Imamichi rats were ovariectomized and divided into three treatment groups: group 1 (the control group) received sesame oil, group 2 was given 17β-estradiol benzoate, and group 3 received 17β-estradiol benzoate plus progesterone. The body weight and food consumption of each rat were determined daily. Serum leptin levels and leptin mRNA expression were measured by ELISA and quantitative RT-PCR, respectively. Food consumption in the control group was significantly higher (Pleptin concentration and leptin mRNA expression were significantly higher (Pleptin signaling pathway in ovariectomized rats.

  15. Circulating leptin level in rheumatoid arthritis and its correlation with disease activity: a meta-analysis.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lee, Y H; Bae, S-C

    2016-12-01

    This study aimed to evaluate the relationship between the circulating serum leptin level and rheumatoid arthritis (RA) and to establish a correlation between serum leptin levels and RA activity. We searched the PUBMED, EMBASE, and Cochrane databases. A meta-analysis was performed, comparing the serum/plasma leptin levels in patients with RA and healthy controls. Correlation coefficients between serum leptin level and either disease activity score 28 (DAS28) or C‑reactive protein (CRP) in RA patients were also examined. Thirteen studies with a total of 648 RA patients and 426 controls were included in this meta-analysis. Circulating leptin level was significantly higher in the RA group than in the control group (SMD = 1.056, 95 % CI = 0.647-1.465, p = 4.2 × 10(-7)). In addition, stratification by ethnicity showed a significantly elevated leptin level in the RA group in Caucasian, Turkish, and Arab populations (SMD = 0.813, 95 % CI = 0.137-1.490, p = 0.018, SMD = 0.981, 95 % CI = 0.307-1.655, p = 0.004, and SMD = 1.469, 95 % CI = 0.443-2.495, p = 0.005 respectively). A meta-analysis of correlation coefficients showed a small but significantly positive correlation between the circulating leptin level and either DAS28 (correlation coefficient = 0.275, 95 % CI = 0.076-0.452, p = 0.007) or CRP (correlation coefficient = 0.274, 95 % CI = 0.068-0.458, p = 0.010). Our meta-analysis demonstrated that the circulating leptin level is significantly higher in patients with RA and that a small but significantly positive correlation exists between leptin levels and RA activity.

  16. Plasma leptin levels in healthy children and adolescents

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Blum, W F; Englaro, P; Hanitsch, S

    1997-01-01

    Leptin, the product of the ob gene, is thought to play a key role in the regulation of body fat mass. Beyond this function, it appears to be an integral component of various hypothalamo-pituitary-endocrine feedback loops. Because childhood and puberty are periods of major metabolic and endocrine...... changes, leptin levels and various hormonal parameters were investigated in a large cohort of healthy children and adolescents (312 males, 401 females, age 5.8-19.9 yr). For this purpose, a specific and sensitive RIA was developed that allowed the accurate measurement of low leptin levels in young lean...... children. With this assay, leptin proved to be a comparatively stable protein under common conditions of blood sampling and storage. Leptin levels increased in girls with age (r = 0.47, P

  17. Leptin and Adiponectin Levels in Patients with Chronic Hepatitis C with Carbohydrate and Lipid Metabolism Disorders

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    T. V. Antonova

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available Aim: to analyze leptin and adiponectin serum levels in patients with chronic hepatitis C in comparison with metabolic syndrome components, biochemical features and stage of hepatitis.Materials and methods: In 93 patients with chronic HCV in age 20-55 with a few symptomatic HCV-infection and minimal liver fibrosis stage serum leptin and adiponectin was measured. Associations between leptin, adiponectin and metabolic abnormalities, biochemical features, and hepatic fibrosis were determined.Results: Abdominal obesity was revealed at 40% patients, overweight – at 41%, insulin resistance – at 36,6% cases. The leptin and adiponectin levels were within normal limits range at most patients. Patients with minimal liver fibrosis had higher index of leptin by comparison to patients with moderate and severe fibrosis (r= – 0,402, р= 0,018. In patients with HCV genotype 3a the adiponectin level was below, than in HCV genotype 1b. Patients with abdominal obesity and overweight had higher leptin and lower adiponectin indexes by comparison to patients without these metabolic abnormalities. Direct cross-correlation between the leptin level and body mass index (r=0,358, p=0,001, waist circumference (r=0,292, p=0,01; negative cross-correlation between the adiponectin level and body mass index (r=- 0,435, р <0,021, waist circumference (r=- 0,386, р =0,001 were displayed.Conclusion: Leptin and adiponectin blood levels in HCVpatientis associated with abdominal obesity and overweight. The connection of leptin level and liver fibrosis stage was revealed. Difference of adiponectin level in HCV-patients with 3a and 1b genotypes of virus was found.

  18. Concordance of bioactive vs. total immunoreactive serum leptin levels in children with severe early onset obesity.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Stanik, Juraj; Kratzsch, Jürgen; Landgraf, Kathrin; Scheuermann, Kathrin; Spielau, Ulrike; Gausche, Ruth; Gasperikova, Daniela; Kiess, Wieland; Körner, Antje

    2017-01-01

    Leptin secreted from adipose tissue signals peripheral energy status to the brain. Monogenic leptin deficiency results in severe early onset obesity with hyperphagia. Recently, a similar phenotype of inactivating leptin mutations but with preserved immunoreactivity and hence normal circulating immunoreactive leptin has been reported. We aimed to evaluate the proportion of bioactive leptin serum levels (compared to immunoreactive leptin) as a biomarker for the screening of leptin gene mutations causing monogenic obesity. Furthermore, we aimed to compare the immunoreactive and bioactive leptin levels associations with parameters of insulin resistance and insulin secretion in obese children and adolescents. We measured bioactive and immunoreactive leptin levels by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assays in fasting serum samples of 70 children with severe (BMI SDS >3) non-syndromic obesity with onset leptin gene was performed in probands with proportion of bioactive/immunoreactive leptin leptin were almost identical (41.1±25.2 vs. 41.1±25.4ng/mL). In three probands with the lowest bioactive leptin proportion (leptin gene. Compared to immunoreactive leptin, bioactive leptin showed similar and slightly better statistical associations with indices of insulin resistance in correlation and multivariate analyses. In our sample selected for severe early onset childhood obesity, we did not identify leptin gene mutations leading to decreased proportion of bioactive leptin. Nevertheless, the bioactive leptin levels were stronger associated with selected insulin secretion/resistance indices than the immunoreactive leptin levels.

  19. Sweet craving and ghrelin and leptin levels in women during stress.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Macedo, Danielle Marques; Diez-Garcia, Rosa Wanda

    2014-09-01

    Ingesting sweet substances in excess may attenuate the effects of stress in women and impact leptin levels, which are also affected by alcohol dependence and overeating. Excess intake of sweet substances also influences ghrelin levels, involved in the onset of food intake and stress. This paper aimed to identify sweet craving (SC) in women with stress to assess how it impacts basal leptin and active ghrelin levels, anthropometric measurements, and body composition. This observational, transversal study included 57 women and used the Stress Symptoms Inventory Lipp in Adults (ISSL); it verified that 31 of the participants were stressed, whereas 26 were symptom-free. The Questionnaire for Assessment of Sweet Substance Dependence and Abuse helped to characterize SC. ELISA furnished leptin and active ghrelin serum levels. HOMA was also evaluated. Electrical bioimpedance provided body composition values. Among the women with stress, 77.42% had SC, and they behaved differently from women without SC. Women with SC exhibited significantly higher basal leptin levels (P stress did not differ statistically in terms of leptin levels. Active ghrelin levels in stressed and non-stressed women and in women with and without SC were similar. A larger number of women with SC presented body fat percentage higher than 30% (P Stressed women had significantly higher waist circumference than non-stressed women (P Stressed women are more prone to SC, and this condition is associated with increased basal leptin levels, larger hip circumference, and altered body composition. Copyright © 2014 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

  20. Lipid Profile and Leptin Levels in Patients with Metabolic Syndrome

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    This paper should be cited as: Esmaeili R, Hassanzadeh, T . [ Lipid Profile and Leptin Levels in Patients with Metabolic Syndrome ]. mljgoums . 201 4 ; 8 ( 3 : 23 - 29 [Article in Persian] Esmaeili, R.

    2014-09-01

    Full Text Available Background and Objective: Metabolic syndrome called a cluster of several metabolic disorders is associated with increased risk of cardiovascular diseases. Genetic differences in leptin receptor gene are related with the concentration and activity of leptin in that these discrepancies can influence lipid levels. We aimed to determine the association between the leptin receptor gene polymorphism on serum lipid profile and leptin activity in metabolic syndrome patients. Material and Methods: This case-control study was conducted on 200 patients with metabolic syndrome and 200 healthy individuals. Polymerase Chain Reaction (PCR and Restriction Fragment Length Polymorphisms (RFLP were used to determine genotypic distribution and allelic frequencies of polymorphisms, respectively. The plasma leptin activity was measured by a kit in a fluorescence spectrometer, and Lipid concentration by routine biochemical and enzymatic assays. Results: Two groups had significant differences in all measured factors such as lipid profiles, fast blood sugar, waist circumference, blood pressure and leptin concentration (P< 0.05. Conclusion: Given that the two groups had significant differences in blood and body measurements, no role of K656N polymorphism was observed. Overall, Lys656Asn (K656N polymorphism of leptin receptor gene is not associated with serum lipid profile and leptin activity with metabolic syndrome.

  1. Longitudinal study of leptin levels in chronic hemodialysis patients

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    Averbukh Zhan

    2011-06-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background The influence of serum leptin levels on nutritional status and survival in chronic hemodialysis patients remained to be elucidated. We conducted a prospective longitudinal study of leptin levels and nutritional parameters to determine whether changes of serum leptin levels modify nutritional status and survival in a cohort of prevalent hemodialysis patients. Methods Leptin, dietary energy and protein intake, biochemical markers of nutrition and body composition (anthropometry and bioimpedance analysis were measured at baseline and at 6, 12, 18 and 24 months following enrollment, in 101 prevalent hemodialysis patients (37% women with a mean age of 64.6 ± 11.5 years. Observation of this cohort was continued over 2 additional years. Changes in repeated measures were evaluated, with adjustment for baseline differences in demographic and clinical parameters. Results Significant reduction of leptin levels with time were observed (linear estimate: -2.5010 ± 0.57 ng/ml/2y; p Conclusions Thus leptin levels reflect fat mass depots, rather than independently contributing to uremic anorexia or modifying nutritional status and/or survival in chronic hemodialysis patients. The importance of such information is high if leptin is contemplated as a potential therapeutic target in hemodialysis patients.

  2. Relationship between serum leptin level and disease activity in patients with systemic sclerosis.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Budulgan, Mahmut; Dilek, Banu; Dağ, Şevin Buluttekin; Batmaz, Ibrahim; Yıldız, İsmail; Sarıyıldız, Mustafa Akif; Çevik, Remzi; Nas, Kemal

    2014-03-01

    To determine the relationship between serum leptin levels and disease activity in systemic sclerosis (SSc). A total of 60 subjects (30 controls and 30 patients) were included. The inflammatory markers and leptin levels were evaluated and body mass index (BMI) was measured for both groups. The assessment of the skin involvement was performed based on the modified Rodnan skin score (mRSS). Disease activity was evaluated according to the Valentini scleroderma disease activity index. There was a significant difference between the patient and control groups in terms of BMI (p 0.05). Valentini scores and mRSS were determined to be significantly higher in active patients (n = 14) than in inactive patients (n = 16) (p 0.05). However, leptin levels were significantly lower in active patients than in inactive patients (p < 0.05). We found a significant positive correlation between serum leptin and BMI (p < 0.05), and leptin and serum C3 levels (p < 0.05); no relationship was detected between leptin and other parameters. Leptin can be used as an activity marker in SSc. Further studies, including larger series, should be carried out to clarify this relationship.

  3. Leptin acts on neoplastic behavior and expression levels of genes related to hypoxia, angiogenesis, and invasiveness in oral squamous cell carcinoma.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sobrinho Santos, Eliane Macedo; Guimarães, Talita Antunes; Santos, Hércules Otacílio; Cangussu, Lilian Mendes Borborema; de Jesus, Sabrina Ferreira; Fraga, Carlos Alberto de Carvalho; Cardoso, Claudio Marcelo; Santos, Sérgio Henrique Souza; de Paula, Alfredo Maurício Batista; Gomez, Ricardo Santiago; Guimarães, André Luiz Sena; Farias, Lucyana Conceição

    2017-05-01

    Leptin, one of the main hormones controlling energy homeostasis, has been associated with different cancer types. In oral cancer, its effect is not well understood. We investigated, through in vitro and in vivo assays, whether leptin can affect the neoplastic behavior of oral squamous cell carcinoma. Expression of genes possibly linked to the leptin pathway was assessed in leptin-treated oral squamous cell carcinoma cells and also in tissue samples of oral squamous cell carcinoma and oral mucosa, including leptin, leptin receptor, hypoxia-inducible factor 1-alpha, E-cadherin, matrix metalloproteinase-2, matrix metalloproteinase-9, Col1A1, Ki67, and mir-210. Leptin treatment favored higher rates of cell proliferation and migration, and reduced apoptosis. Accordingly, leptin-treated oral squamous cell carcinoma cells show decreased messenger RNA caspase-3 expression, and increased levels of E-cadherin, Col1A1, matrix metalloproteinase-2, matrix metalloproteinase-9, and mir-210. In tissue samples, hypoxia-inducible factor 1-alpha messenger RNA and protein expression of leptin and leptin receptor were high in oral squamous cell carcinoma cases. Serum leptin levels were increased in first clinical stages of the disease. In animal model, oral squamous cell carcinoma-induced mice show higher leptin receptor expression, and serum leptin level was increased in dysplasia group. Our findings suggest that leptin seems to exert an effect on oral squamous cell carcinoma cells behavior and also on molecular markers related to cell proliferation, migration, and tumor angiogenesis.

  4. Correlation of Serum Leptin Level with Bone Mineral Density and Bone Turnover Markers in Chinese Adolescent Dancers

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    LI-CHEN YANG; YAN LAN; JING HU; YAN-HUA YANG; QIAN ZHANG; JIAN-HUA PIAO

    2009-01-01

    Objective To investigate plasma leptin concentrations in adolescent female dancers and to determine whether leptin has some effects on their bone mineral density (BMD) and bone turnover markers. Methods Sixty dancers aged 15-17 years and 77 healthy controls were enrolled in the study. Bone mineral density (BMD) and body composition were detected by dual energy X-ray absorptiometry. Serum leptin concentrations were measured by radioimmunoassay (RIA). Two bone turnover markers, bone-specific alkaline phosphatase (BAP) and tartrate-resistant acid phosphatase(TRACP), were determined by ELISA. Results The dancers had a lower fat mass and a lower leptin level than the controls, while they had a relatively higher BMD of the total body and legs after adjustment for BMI and age. The levels of bone resorption and formation of markers were higher in the dancers than in the controls. Leptin was positively correlated with BMI, body weight, fat mass, and percentage of body fat. In dancers, Leptin was positively correlated with the BMD of the total body and the left leg. However, after adjustment for BMI, no correlation of serum leptin concentrations with BMD values was found in either dancers or controls. Nor correlation was found between leptin and bone turnover markers after adjustment for BMI. Conclusion The leptin profile is different between the controls and the dancers with a lower BMI and a lower fat mass. Circulating plasma leptin level depends on BMI and is not a direct determinant of BMD in Chinese adolescent dancers.

  5. Association between Leptin gene polymorphisms and plasma leptin level in three consanguineous families with obesity.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Fourati, Mouna; Mnif, Mouna; Kharrat, Najla; Charfi, Nédia; Kammoun, Mahdi; Fendri, Nourhène; Sessi, Salwa; Abid, Mohamed; Rebai, Ahmed; Fakhfakh, Faiza

    2013-09-15

    Leptin (LEP) gene is one of the most promising candidate genes for obesity. Previous studies have tested the association of polymorphisms in LEP gene with obesity and obesity-related metabolic biomarkers (anthropometric variables, glucose, insulin level, leptin level and lipid profile). However, the results of these studies were still controversial. To determine whether LEP gene is associated with obesity in Tunisian population, we performed a family-based association study between LEP polymorphisms and obesity and obesity-related metabolic biomarkers. Seven single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) in 5' region of LEP gene were genotyped in three consanguineous families including 33 individuals. The previously reported LEP SNPs (H1328084, H1328082, rs10487506, H1328081, H1328080, G-2548A and A19G) were evaluated by PCR-RFLP and direct sequencing methods. Single SNP association and haplotype association analyses were performed using the family-based association test (FBAT). To determine allele frequencies of these SNPs in general population, 52 unrelated individuals from the general Tunisian population were also analyzed. Two SNPs showed significant associations with plasma leptin level (H1328084: A>G, Z=2.058, p=0.039; A19G: G>A, Z=2.058, p=0.039). When haplotypes were constructed with these two-markers, the risk AA haplotype (frequency 57.1%) was positively associated with plasma leptin level (Z=2.058, p=0.039). Moreover, SNPs H1328084 and A19G are predicted to modify transcription-factor binding sites. Our study provided that two functional variants in 5' regulatory region of LEP gene are associated with plasma leptin level as a quantitative trait. It suggested that H1328084 and A19G have an important role in regulating plasma leptin level. Copyright © 2013 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.

  6. Leptin Levels in Women With Polycystic Ovary Syndrome: A Systematic Review and a Meta-Analysis.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zheng, Sai-Hua; Du, Dan-Feng; Li, Xue-Lian

    2017-05-01

    Conflicting results regarding leptin levels in women with polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) have been reported. We summarize all available evidence from human participant studies to evaluate leptin levels in PCOS. PubMed, ClinicalTrials.gov , and Web of Science databases were searched with English-language restriction for only human beings from the inception to December 31, 2015. Search terms included PCOS (polycystic ovary syndrome or PCOS) and leptin. A total of 238 studies were reviewed, and a total of 19 studies, involving 991 women with PCOS and 898 controls, were eligible for our meta-analysis. Studies were eligible if provided leptin means and standard deviation in women with PCOS and healthy women controls. Parameters, such as body mass index, insulin resistance (IR), and total testosterone, which may influence leptin levels were extracted. Data were collected and analyzed by RevMan 5.3 and Stata/SE14.0. The pooling analysis of all relevant studies revealed that leptin levels were significantly higher in patients with PCOS than in controls, with standardized mean difference of 1.62 (95% confidence interval: 1.01-2.23). However, the heterogeneity across studies was considerable and not eliminated in subgroup analyses. Meta-regression analysis further suggested that the heterogeneity might be relevant to variability in IR and study location. Elevated leptin levels are detected in women with PCOS compared with non-PCOS controls. Higher leptin levels may be correlated with IR, metabolic disorder, infertility, and even cardiovascular disease risk in PCOS, which may contribute to the etiology and development of PCOS.

  7. Effects of estradiol and FSH on leptin levels in women with suppressed pituitary

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Geber Selmo

    2012-06-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background Female fertility depends on adequate nutrition and energy reserves, suggesting a correlation between the metabolic reserve and reproductive capacity. Leptin regulates body weight and energy homeostasis. The aim of this study was to investigate whether estradiol or FSH alone has a direct effect on the production of leptin. Methods A total of 64 patients submitted to controlled ovarian hyperstimulation with recombinant FSH for assisted reproduction and 20 patients using estradiol valerate for endometrial preparation for oocyte donation treatment were included in the study. All patients used GnRH analogues before starting treatment to achieve pituitary suppression. Blood samples for hormonal measurements were collected before starting and after completing the respective treatments. Data were analyzed statistically by the chi-square test, Student’s t-test and Pearson’s correlation test. Results We observed an elevation of serum leptin levels secondary to the increase in estradiol, in the absence of influence of any other ovarian or pituitary hormone. The rising rate of leptin levels was higher in women treated with recombinant FSH, which also had higher levels of estradiol, than in those treated with estradiol valerate. Conclusions This study demonstrates a correlation between serum levels of estradiol and leptin, suggesting that estradiol is an important regulator of leptin production and that its effects can be amplified by its association with FSH.

  8. Leptin levels in the differential diagnosis between benign and malignant ascites

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Mehmet Buyukberber; Mehmet Koruk; M Cemil Savas; Murat T Gulsen; Yavuz Pehlivan; Rukiye Deveci; Alper Sevinc; Serdar Gergerlioglu

    2007-01-01

    AIM: To evaluate the role of leptin levels in the differential diagnosis of ascites.METHODS: Ascitic leptin, TNFα and serum leptin levels were measured in 77 patients with ascites (35 with malignancies, 30 cirrhosis and 12 tuberculosis). Control serum samples were obtained from 20 healthy subjects.Leptin and TNFα levels were measured by ELISA. Body mass index (BMI) and percentage of body fat (BFM) by skin fold measurement were calculated for all patients and control groups. Peritoneal biopsy, ascites cytology and cultures or biochemical values were used for the diagnosis of patients.RESULTS: In patients with malignancies, the mean serum and ascites leptin levels and their ratios were significantly decreased compared to the other patient groups and controls. In tuberculosis peritonitis, ascitic fluid TNFα levels were significantly higher than malignant ascites and cirrhotic sterile ascites. BMI and BFM values did not distinguish between patients and controls.CONCLUSION: In patients with malignant ascites,levels of leptin and TNFα were significantly lower than in patients with tuberculous ascites.

  9. Serum Leptin and Adiponectin Levels in Obese and Nonobese Asthmatic School Children in relation to Asthma Control

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Atqah Abdul Wahab

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available There is growing evidence of a positive correlation between asthma and obesity in children and adults. Leptin and adiponectin regulate several metabolic and inflammatory functions. This study aims to evaluate serum leptin and adiponectin concentrations in asthmatic school children to investigate their association with obesity and the degree of asthma control. Obese asthmatic (OA and nonobese asthmatic (NOA children, aged 7 to 14, were randomly enrolled in this prospective study. Data on demographic, anthropometric, serum lipids, and spirometric measures and allergy status were collected and analyzed. Serum leptin was significantly higher (25.8±11.1 versus 8.7±11.1; P<0.0001 and adiponectin levels were lower (2.5±1.2 versus 5.4±2.9; P<0.0001 in OA compared to NOA children. The uncontrolled group had higher leptin and lower adiponectin levels compared to well and partially controlled asthma. BMI was positively correlated with leptin (r=0.79; P<0.001 and negatively with adiponectin (r=-0.73; P<0.001. Mean BMI and leptin levels were observed to be higher in girls compared to boys. Stepwise multiple linear regression analysis showed that higher BMI and female gender had significant effect on serum leptin levels. Among asthmatic children higher serum leptin and lower adiponectin levels were significantly associated with obesity and showed no significant association with degree of asthma controls.

  10. Developmental patterns of serum leptin levels, leptin gene expression in adipose tissue and Ob-Rb gene expression in hypothalamus of Erhualian and Large White pigs

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    ZHOU; Jie; ZHAO; Ruqian; WEI; Xihui; XIA; Dong; XU; Qingfu

    2004-01-01

    The present study was aimed to investigate the developmental patterns of leptin mRNA expression in dorsal subcutaneous adipose tissue and Ob-Rb mRNA expression in hypothalamus in pigs of different breeds and sexes. Erhualian gilts and boars and Large White boars were sampled at birth, 3, 20, 30, 45, 90, 120 and 180 days of age, respectively. Serum concentration of leptin was measured with RIA and single tube semi-quantitative RT-PCR was applied to determine the relative abundances of mRNA expression using 18S rRNA as an internal standard. The results showed that leptin mRNA expression in adipose tissue increased with age and displayed both sex and breed differences. In Erhualian pigs, females expressed higher leptin mRNA compared with males, and Erhualian boars showed higher abundance of leptin mRNA than Large White boars (P<0.01). Serum leptin levels were in good agreement with adipose leptin mRNA, displaying similar sex and line differences. In contrast, expression of Ob-Rb mRNA in hypothalamus exhibited a distinctive pattern, decreased gradually after birth, and then increased till weaning. After weaning, Ob-Rb gene expression decreased gradually with age but rose gradually again from 120 to 180 days of age in Erhualian pigs. The expression of Ob-Rb mRNA was higher in Large White pigs than that in Erhualian pigs (P<0.01). The results suggest that the serum leptin level and leptin gene expression in adipose tissue highly correlate with adiposity.

  11. Relationship between leptin levels in maternal blood,amniotic fluid,arterial and venous cord blood and fetal growth

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    林丽莎; 薛昭卿; 宋岩峰; 何晓宇

    2003-01-01

    Objective:To study the relationship between leptin concentration and fetal growth.Methods: Levels of leptin in maternal serum, amniotic fluid, arterial and venouscord blood of 65 normal parturients (gestational age 37-42weeks) were measured by ra-dioimmunoassay (RIA) method. At the same time, maternal blood lipids were detected.Neonates were divided into three groups: small for gestational age (SGA) group (n=10), appropriate for gestational age (AGA) group (n=45), large for gestational age(LGA) group (n= 10). Statistical analysis was performed by t test, variance analysisand correlation analysis.Results: (1) There was no obvious correlation between leptin concentrations in ma-ternal serum and arterial/ venous cord blood, amniotic fluid, and also no correlationwith birth weight and placental weight (P>0.05). Maternal body mass index signifi-cantly correlated with birth weight and neonatal length and leptin levels in arterial andvenous cord blood (P<0.01). Leptin levels in arterial and venous cord blood positivelycorrelated significantly with placental and neonatal weight and body length (P<0.01)and negatively correlated with high density lipoprotein (P<0. 01). There was no obvi-ous correlation between fetal gender and leptin concentrations in maternal serum, arteri-al and venous cord blood and amniotic fluid; (2) Leptin levels in arterial and venouscord blood , placental weight in LGA group were significantly higher than those in SGAand AGA group (P<0.05). Among three groups, leptin concentrations in maternalblood were significantly higher than those in arterial and venous cord blood (P<0.05).Conclusions: (1)Fetal leptin is synthesized in uterus, born of itself and placenta.Leptin levels in arterial and venous cord blood are related to the intrauterine growthpattern. It might positively regulate birth weight and body fat content. (2)Either mater-nal or fetal leptin was not correlated with fetal gender. There is no gender difference infetal leptin

  12. Association between Plasma Leptin Level and Systemic Inflammatory Markers in Patients with Aggressive Periodontitis

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Dong Shi; Yun-Yu Liu; Wei Li; Xin Zhang; Xiao-Jun Sun; Li Xu; Li Zhang

    2015-01-01

    Background:Increasing evidence supports an association between periodontitis and systemic diseases.Leptin is involved both in the energy metabolism and inflammatory processes and is suggested to be a link between periodontal infection and systemic health.The present study aimed to evaluate the peripheral leptin concentration in patients with aggressive periodontitis (AgP) and to explore the relationship between leptin and systemic inflammation.Methods:Ninety patients with AgP visiting the Clinic of the Periodontology Department,Peking University School and Hospital of Stomatology between July 2001 and May 2006,and 44 healthy controls (staffand student volunteers in the same institute) were recruited.Plasma levels of leptin and inflammatory cytokines including interleukin (IL)-1β,I L-6,tumor necrosis factor-α (TNF-α) and C-reactive protein (CRP) were measured by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay.Correlation and multiple linear regression analysis were performed to analyze the association between plasma leptin level and other variables.Results:Plasma leptin level of AgP group was significantly higher than that of the control group (19.7-4.4 ng/ml vs.7.5 ± 1.3 ng/ml,P < 0.01).After controlling for age,gender,and body mass index,positive correlation was observed between plasma leptin concentration and log-transformed levels of pro-inflammatory cytokines (IL-1β,IL-6,TNF-α and CRP),and the partial correlation coefficients ranged from 0.199 to 0.376 (P < 0.05).Log-transformed IL-1β and I L-6 levels entered the final regression model (standardized β were 0.422 and 0.461 respectively,P < 0.01).Conclusions:Elevated plasma leptin concentration may be associated with increased systemic levels of inflammatory markers in AgP patients.

  13. Genome-wide meta-analysis uncovers novel loci influencing circulating leptin levels

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    T.O. Kilpeläinen (Tuomas); Carli, J.F.M. (Jayne F. Martin); Skowronski, A.A. (Alicja A.); Q. Sun; J. Kriebel (Jennifer); M.F. Feitosa (Mary Furlan); A.K. Hedman (Asa); A. Drong (Alexander); Hayes, J.E. (James E.); J.H. Zhao; T.H. Pers (Tune); U.M. Schick (Ursula); N. Grarup (Niels); Z. Kutalik (Zoltán); S. Trompet (Stella); M. Mangino (Massimo); K. Kristiansson (Kati); M. Beekman (Marian); L.-P. Lyytikäinen (Leo-Pekka); J. Eriksson (Joel); P. Henneman (Peter); J. Lahti (Jari); T. Tanaka (Toshiko); J. Luan (Jian'An); Fabiola Del, G.M. (Greco M.); D. Pasko (Dorota); F. Renström (Frida); S.M. Willems (Sara); A. Mahajan (Anubha); L.M. Rose (Lynda); X. Guo (Xiuqing); Y. Liu (Yongmei); M.E. Kleber (Marcus); L. Perusse (Louis); T.R. Gaunt (Tom); T.S. Ahluwalia (Tarunveer Singh); Ju Sung, Y. (Yun); Y.F.M. Ramos (Yolande); N. Amin (Najaf); A. Amuzu (Antoinette); I. Barroso (Inês); C. Bellis (Claire); J. Blangero (John); B.M. Buckley (Brendan M.); S. Böhringer (Stefan); I Chen, Y.-D. (Yii-Der); De Craen, A.J.N. (Anton J. N.); D.R. Crosslin (David); C.E. Dale (Caroline E.); Z. Dastani (Zari); F.R. Day (Felix); J. Deelen (Joris); G. Delgado; A. Demirkan (Ayşe); F.M. Finucane (Francis); I. Ford (Ian); M. Garcia (Melissa); C. Gieger (Christian); S. Gustafsson (Stefan); G. Hallmans (Göran); Hankinson, S.E. (Susan E.); A.S. Havulinna (Aki); C. Herder (Christian); D.G. Hernandez (Dena); A.A. Hicks (Andrew); D.J. Hunter; T. Illig (Thomas); Ingelsson, E. (Erik); A. Ioan-Facsinay (Andrea); J.-O. Jansson (John-Olov); N.S. Jenny (Nancy); M.E. Jørgensen (Marit E.); T. Jorgensen (Torben); M. Karlsson (Magnus); W. Koenig (Wolfgang); P. Kraft (Peter); J. Kwekkeboom (Jaap); Laatikainen, T. (Tiina); K.-H. Ladwig (Karl-Heinz); Leduc, C.A. (Charles A.); G.D. Lowe (Gordon D.); Y. Lu (Yingchang); P. Marques-Vidal; C. Meisinger (Christa); C. Menni (Cristina); A.P. Morris (Andrew); R.H. Myers (Richard); S. Männistö (Satu); M.A. Nalls (Michael); L. Paternoster (Lavinia); A. Peters (Annette); Pradhan, A.D. (Aruna D.); T. Rankinen (Tuomo); L.J. Rasmussen-Torvik (Laura); W. Rathmann (Wolfgang); Rice, T.K. (Treva K.); J.B. Richards (J. Brent); P.M. Ridker (Paul); N. Sattar (Naveed); D.B. Savage (David); Söderberg, S. (Stefan); N. Timpson (Nicholas); L. Vandenput (Liesbeth); D. van Heemst (Diana); H.-W. Uh (Hae-Won); M.-C. Vohl (Marie-Claude); Walker, M. (Mark); H.E. Wichmann (Heinz Erich); E. Widen (Elisabeth); A.R. Wood (Andrew); J. Yao (Jie); T. Zeller (Tanja); Zhang, Y. (Yiying); I. Meulenbelt (Ingrid); M. Kloppenburg (Margreet); Astrup, A. (Arne); T.I.A. Sørensen (Thorkild); M.A. Sarzynski (Mark A.); D.C. Rao (Dabeeru C.); P. Jousilahti (Pekka); Vartiainen, E. (Erkki); Hofman, A. (Albert); F. Rivadeneira Ramirez (Fernando); A.G. Uitterlinden (André); E. Kajantie (Eero); C. Osmond (Clive); A. Palotie (Aarno); K. Hagen (Knut); M. Heliovaara (Markku); P. Knekt; S. Koskinen (Seppo); A. Jula (Antti); M. Perola (Markus); Huupponen, R.K. (Risto K.); J. Viikari (Jorma); M. Kähönen (Mika); T. Lehtimäki (Terho); Raitakari, O.T. (Olli T.); D. Mellström (Dan); M. Lorentzon (Mattias); J.P. Casas (Juan Pablo); Bandinelli, S. (Stefanie); W. März (Winfried); A.J. Isaacs (Aaron); J.A.P. Willems van Dijk (Ko); C.M. van Duijn (Cock); T.B. Harris (Tamara); C. Bouchard (Claude); M.A. Allison (Matthew); D.I. Chasman (Daniel); C. Ohlsson (Claes); W.H.L. Kao (Wen); R.A. Scott (Robert); C. Langenberg (Claudia); N.J. Wareham (Nick); L. Ferrucci (Luigi); T.M. Frayling (Timothy); P.P. Pramstaller (Peter Paul); I.B. Borecki (Ingrid); D. Waterworth (Dawn); S.M. Bergmann (Sven); G. Waeber (Gérard); P. Vollenweider (Peter); Vestergaard, H. (Henrik); T. Hansen (T.); O. Pedersen (Oluf); Hu, F.B. (Frank B.); P. Eline Slagboom; H. Grallert (Harald); T.D. Spector (Timothy); J.W. Jukema (Jan Wouter); Klein, R.J. (Robert J.); E.E. Schadt (Eric); P.W. Franks (Paul); C.M. Lindgren (Cecilia M.); Leibel, R.L. (Rudolph L.); R.J.F. Loos (Ruth)

    2016-01-01

    textabstractLeptin is an adipocyte-secreted hormone, the circulating levels of which correlate closely with overall adiposity. Although rare mutations in the leptin (LEP) gene are well known to cause leptin deficiency and severe obesity, no common loci regulating circulating leptin levels have been

  14. Genome-wide meta-analysis uncovers novel loci influencing circulating leptin levels

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    T.O. Kilpeläinen (Tuomas)

    2016-01-01

    textabstractLeptin is an adipocyte-secreted hormone, the circulating levels of which correlate closely with overall adiposity. Although rare mutations in the leptin (LEP) gene are well known to cause leptin deficiency and severe obesity, no common loci regulating circulating leptin levels have been

  15. Genome-wide meta-analysis uncovers novel loci influencing circulating leptin levels

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Kilpeläinen, Tuomas O; Carli, Jayne F Martin; Skowronski, Alicja A

    2016-01-01

    Leptin is an adipocyte-secreted hormone, the circulating levels of which correlate closely with overall adiposity. Although rare mutations in the leptin (LEP) gene are well known to cause leptin deficiency and severe obesity, no common loci regulating circulating leptin levels have been uncovered...

  16. Imbalance in leptin-adiponectin levels and leptin receptor expression as chief contributors to triple negative breast cancer progression in Northeast India.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sultana, Rizwana; Kataki, Amal Ch; Borthakur, Bibhuti Bhusan; Basumatary, Tarun K; Bose, Sujoy

    2017-07-20

    Triple-Negative breast cancer (TNBC), accounts for a large percentage of breast cancer cases in India including Northeast India. TNBC has an unclear molecular aetiology and hence limited targeted therapies. Human breast is comprised of glandular, ductal, connective, and adipose tissues. Adipose tissue is composed of adipocytes. The adipocytes apart from being energy storage depots, are also active sources of adipocytokines and/or adipokines. The role of adipokines in breast cancer including TNBC has been sporadically documented. Two adipokines in particular, leptin and adiponectin, have come to be recognized for their influence on breast cancer risk and tumour biology. Therefore, the aim of this study was to understand the association of differential expression of critical adipokines and associated cellular mechanism in the susceptibility and severity of TNBC in northeast Indian population. We collected 68 TNBC and 63 controls cases and examined for serum leptin and adiponectin levels using enzyme linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA). Leptin Receptor (Ob-R) mRNA expression was determined by real-time polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR) assay. Differential Ob-R mRNA expression and correlation with cancer stem cell (CSC) markers was evaluated, and correlated with severity. The serum leptin levels were significantly associated with TNBC severity, while the adiponectin levels were comparative. The serum leptin levels correlated inversely with the adiponetin levels. Serum leptin levels were unaffected with difference in parity. The difference in leptin levels in pre and post menopausal cases were found to be statistically non-significant. Higher leptin levels were also found to be associated obesity, mortality and recurrence. Obesity was found to be a factor for TNBC pathogenesis and severity. Increased Ob-R mRNA expression was associated with TNBC, significantly with TNBC severity, and was significantly higher in obese patients with higher grade TNBC cases. The Ob-R gene

  17. Correlation between leptin level with lipid profile and free fatty acid in liver cirrhosis patients

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Siti Maryani

    2015-09-01

    Full Text Available Malnutrition is a common condition in liver cirrhotic patients. Leptin regulates body weightphysiologically by suppressing appetite and increasing energy expenditure. Leptin is higher in femalethan male. Studies have shown correlation between leptin with metabolic factors like body massindex (BMI and lipid profile in cirrhotic patients. This study was conducted to investigate thecorrelation between serum leptin levels with lipid profile and free fatty acid in male patients with livercirrhosis. This was a cross sectional study that conducted at Gastroentero-Hepatology Clinic andInternal Ward at Dr. Sardjito General Hospital, Yogyakarta. The inclusion criteria were patients withliver cirrhosis > 18 years old, male, with Child-Pugh classification B and C, and provided informedconsent. The exclusion criteria were liver cirrhotic patients with comorbidity chronic kidney disease,chronic heart failure, diabetic, cancer, infection/septic, pregnancy, breast feeding, and steroid use.Data collecting was performed by anamnesis, physical examination, abdominal ultrasonographyexamination, and blood chemistry test. Pearson test was used to evaluate the correlation betweenthe serum leptin level with the lipid profile and free fatty acid. The results showed that no significantnegative correlation was observed between the serum leptin level with the total cholesterol (r= -0.052; p=0.766, high-density lipoprotein/HDL (r= -0.078; p=0.658 and triglyceride (r= -0.170; p=0.328 in male patients with liver cirrhosis. Furthermore, no significant positive correlationwas observed between the serum leptin levels with the low-density lipoprotein/LDL (r= -0.013; p=0.942 and free fatty acid/FFA (r= 0.007; p=0.968. In conclusion, there was no correlationbetween serum leptin levels with lipid profile and FFA in male patients with liver cirrhosis.

  18. Serum leptin levels in overweight children and adolescents.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Antunes, Henedina; Santos, Cristina; Carvalho, Susana

    2009-04-01

    Leptin is an adipocyte-secreted hormone which plays a key role in energy homeostasis. Our aim was to determine the relationship between serum leptin and clinical and biochemical features in overweight children and adolescents. Overweight children and adolescents followed in this Unit with serum leptin ascertained were included. Clinical, biochemical and abdominal ultrasound data were analysed. Statistical analysis was performed by t test, chi2, Pearson's correlation and linear regression. One outlier of serum leptin was excluded to perform correlation and regression. Serum leptin was determined in 357 patients. At the first visit, the mean age was 9.5 (sd 3.2) years and mean BMI z-score was 1.72 (sd 1.34) (girls 1.71 (sd 1.16); boys 1.72 (sd 1.11)). Serum leptin levels were significantly related to: sex (mean: girls 48.0 ng/ml, boys 34.4 ng/ml; P = 0.003); Tanner stage (mean: I-II 37.0 ng/ml, III-V 45.2 ng/ml; P = 0.035); systolic blood pressure (mean: normal 41.3 ng/ml, high 44.0 ng/ml; P = 0.009); BMI z-score (r 0.136; P = 0.010); C-peptide (r 0.17; P = 0.002); insulin (r 0.34; P pressure, aspartate aminotransferase, C-peptide, insulin and HOMA-IR as independent variables), sex and BMI were determinant factors. The present study in overweight children and adolescents showed that being female and greater BMI were significantly and independently associated with increased serum leptin. In this large cohort other associations with leptin described in the literature can be discharged.

  19. Influence of weeks of circadian misalignment on leptin levels

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    June Nguyen

    2009-12-01

    Full Text Available June Nguyen, Kenneth P Wright JrDepartment of Integrative Physiology, Sleep and Chronobiology Laboratory, University of Colorado, Boulder, CO, USAAbstract: The neurobiology of circadian, wakefulness–sleep, and feeding systems interact to influence energy homeostasis. Sleep and circadian disruptions are reported to be associated with increased risk of diabetes and obesity, yet the roles of energy balance hormones in these associations are largely unknown. Therefore, in the current study we aimed to assess the influence of several weeks of circadian misalignment (sleep and wakefulness occurring at an inappropriate biological time on the anorexigenic adipocyte hormone leptin. We utilized data from a previous study designed to assess physiological and cognitive consequences of changes in day length and light exposure as may occur during space flight, including exploration class space missions and exposure to the Martian Sol (day length. We hypothesized that circadian misalignment during an exploration class spaceflight simulation would reduce leptin levels. Following a three-week ~8 hours per night home sleep schedule, 14 healthy participants lived in the laboratory for more than one month. After baseline data collection, participants were scheduled to either 24.0 or 24.6 hours of wakefulness–sleep schedules for 25 days. Changes in the phase of the circadian melatonin rhythm, sleep, and leptin levels were assessed. Half of participants analyzed exhibited circadian misalignment with an average change in phase angle from baseline of ~4 hours and these participants showed reduced leptin levels, sleep latency, stage 2 and total sleep time (7.3 to 6.6 hours and increased wakefulness after sleep onset (all P < 0.05. The control group remained synchronized and showed significant increases in sleep latency and leptin levels. Our findings indicate that weeks of circadian misalignment, such as that which occurs in circadian sleep disorders, alters leptin

  20. Serum levels of adipokines resistin and leptin in patients with colon cancer.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sălăgeanu, Aurora; Tucureanu, Catalin; Lerescu, Lucian; Caraş, Iuliana; Pitica, Ramona; Gangurà, Gabriel; Costea, Radu; Neagu, Stefan

    2010-01-01

    Adipose tissue displays characteristics of an endocrine organ releasing a number of adipocyte-specific factors known as adipocytokines. It has been recently suggested that adipocytokines may play a role in pathogenesis and progression of certain cancers, in particular in colorectal cancer. The aim of this study was to investigate the association between several blood adipocytokine levels and clinicopathological characteristics of colon cancer patients undergoing surgery. The study group comprised of 29 patients who underwent surgical resection for colon cancer at Emergency University Hospital Bucharest and 27 healthy volunteers. The serum levels of adipocytokines were measured using multianalyte xMap profiling technology (Luminex). Resistin levels were significantly higher in colon cancer patients while leptin serum levels were significantly lower as compared to controls. Leptin levels decreased gradually with tumor stage and aggressiveness. Taken together, these results of this study suggest that adipokines, in particular resistin and leptin may be involved in development and progression of colon cancer.

  1. Increased serum leptin level in overweight patients with colon carcinoma: A cross-sectional and prospective study.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wang, Di; Gao, Lichen; Gong, Kuiyu; Chai, Qin; Wang, Guihua

    2017-01-01

    Leptin is associated with carcinogenesis and progression of various cancers. However, the changes of the serum leptin level in Chinese overweight patients with colon carcinoma and its association with response to treatment in these patients have rarely been investigated. A total of 63 Chinese overweight patients with colon cancer and 40 body mass index-matched control subjects were recruited in the present study. The serum leptin levels of colon cancer patients prior to and 21 days after colectomy, as well as those of healthy controls, were measured and compared. In addition, the focal expression of phosphorylated Akt, mammalian target of rapamycin and 70S6 Kinase (p-Akt, p-mTOR and P-70S6 Kinase) and leptin were determined in the resected specimens and the correlation between serum leptin levels and the focally expressed markers were investigated. The serum leptin levels of colon cancer patients were significantly higher compared with those of the controls (22.67±12.56 vs. 12.68±7.8 ng/ml, respectively; Pcolon cance these levels decreased following colectomy, indicating that leptin may be associated with colon carcinogenesis. Thus, serum leptin level may be used for early diagnosis and for monitoring the response to treatment of colon carcinoma in overweight Chinese patients.

  2. Comparison of Serum Leptin Levels among Patients with Benign or Malignant Breast Lesions

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Amir-Hassan Matini

    2015-08-01

    Full Text Available Background: Studies have shown that obese individuals are at increased risk of breast cancer development and poorer prognosis. Leptin, an adipose tissue-derived hormone, has pro-inflammatory and proliferative effects and a well-established association with several comorbidities of obesity. This study was designed and conducted to compare the serum levels of leptin in patients with malignant and benign breast lesions.Methods: A cross-sectional study was conducted in Research Center of Cancer Institute, Tehran, Iran between 2010 and 2011. Sixty-five patients with breast cancer and 65 BMI-matched patients with benign breast lesions were enrolled in this study. The serum leptin level was measured by the ELISA method and compared between the two groups.Results: A total of 130 patients were collected. The mean BMI in benign and malignant groups was 25.2±3.2 and 25.8±3.8 (kg/m2, respectively. Circulating levels of leptin were 20.05±14.69 vs. 14.74±10.16 mL in malignant and benign groups, respectively (P=0.011. A positive correlation was observed between BMI and leptin concentration (r = 0.431, P < 0.001. Leptins levels were not associated with the patients’ age (P = 0.108, menstrual status (P = 0.214, and history of OCP use (P = 0.269.Conclusions: Our findings suggest that patients with breast cancer have significantly higher levels of leptin compared to those with benign lesions.

  3. Serum leptin levels in relation to circulating cytokines, chemokines, adhesion molecules and angiogenic factors in normal pregnancy and preeclampsia

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Karádi István

    2011-09-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Objective In this study, we determined circulating levels of C-reactive protein, several cytokines, chemokines, adhesion molecules and angiogenic factors along with those of leptin in healthy non-pregnant and pregnant women and preeclamptic patients, and investigated whether serum leptin levels were related to the clinical characteristics and measured laboratory parameters of the study participants. Methods Sixty preeclamptic patients, 60 healthy pregnant women and 59 healthy non-pregnant women were involved in this case-control study. Levels of leptin and transforming growth factor (TGF-beta1 in maternal sera were assessed by ELISA. Serum levels of interleukin (IL-1beta, IL-1 receptor antagonist (IL-1ra, IL-2, IL-4, IL-6, IL-8, IL-10, IL-12p40, IL-12p70, IL-18, interferon (IFN-gamma, tumor necrosis factor (TNF-alpha, interferon-gamma-inducible protein (IP-10, monocyte chemotactic protein (MCP-1, intercellular adhesion molecule (ICAM-1 and vascular cell adhesion molecule (VCAM-1 were determined by multiplex suspension array. Serum C-reactive protein (CRP concentrations were measured by an autoanalyzer. Serum total soluble fms-like tyrosine kinase-1 (sFlt-1 and biologically active placental growth factor (PlGF levels were determined by electrochemiluminescence immunoassay. For statistical analyses, non-parametric methods were applied. Results There were significant differences in most of the measured laboratory parameters among the three study groups except for serum IL-1beta and TGF-beta1 levels. Serum leptin levels were significantly higher in preeclamptic patients and healthy pregnant women than in healthy non-pregnant women. Additionally, preeclamptic patients had significantly higher leptin levels as compared to healthy pregnant women. Serum leptin levels were independently associated with BMI in healthy non-pregnant women. In healthy pregnant women, both BMI and serum CRP concentrations showed significant positive linear

  4. Ethnic differences in leptin and adiponectin levels between Greenlandic Inuit and Danish children

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Munch-Andersen, Thor; Sorensen, Kaspar; Aachmann-Andersen, Niels-Jacob

    2013-01-01

    Objective. In a recent study, we found that Greenlandic Inuit children had a more adverse metabolic profile than Danish children. Aerobic fitness and adiposity could only partly account for the differences. Therefore, we set out to evaluate and compare plasma leptin and adiponectin levels in Danish...... and Inuit children. Methods. In total, 187 Inuit and 132 Danish children (5.7–17.1 years) had examinations of anthropometrics, body fat content, pubertal staging, fasting blood and aerobic fitness. Results. Plasma leptin was higher in Danish boys [3,774 (4,741–3,005)] [pg/mL unadjusted geometric mean (95......leptin/adiponectin ratio was higher in Danish boys and tended to be higher in Danish girls compared to northern living Inuit boys and girls, respectively...

  5. Insulin and leptin levels in overweight and normal-weight Iranian adolescents: The CASPIAN-III study

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ehsan Bahrami

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available Background: In this study, we aim to compare insulin and leptin levels in adolescents with or without excess weight and in those with or without abdominal obesity. Materials and Methods : This case-control study was conducted among 486 samples. We randomly selected 243 overweight and an equal number of normal-weight adolescents from among participants of the third survey of a national surveillance program entitled "Childhood and Adolescence Surveillance and PreventIon of Adult Non-communicable diseases study." Serum insulin and leptin were compared between two groups and their correlation was determined with other variables. Results: The mean age and body mass index (BMI of participants were 14.10 ± 2.82 years and 22.12 ± 6.49 kg/m 2 , respectively. Leptin and insulin levels were higher in overweight than in normal-weight adolescents (P < 0.05. Leptin level was higher in children with abdominal obesity than in their other counterparts (P < 0.001. Leptin level was correlated with age, fasting blood glucose, BMI, and insulin level. Conclusion: Insulin and leptin levels were higher among overweight and obese children, which may reflect insulin and leptin-resistance. Given the complications of excess weight from early life, prevention and controlling childhood obesity should be considered as a health priority.

  6. Leptin promotor mutations affect leptin levels and performance traits in dairy cows

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Liefers, S.C.; Pas, te M.F.W.; Veerkamp, R.F.; Platje, M.; Delavaud, C.; Chilliard, Y.; Lende, van der T.

    2005-01-01

    Leptin concentrations in body fluids and tissues undergo dynamic changes during the periparturient period. Polymorphisms in the leptin gene have been shown to be associated with differences in leptin concentration during late pregnancy but not during lactation. As the promoter of leptin regulates th

  7. Leptin promotor mutations affect leptin levels and performance traits in dairy cows

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Liefers, S.C.; Pas, te M.F.W.; Veerkamp, R.F.; Platje, M.; Delavaud, C.; Chilliard, Y.; Lende, van der T.

    2005-01-01

    Leptin concentrations in body fluids and tissues undergo dynamic changes during the periparturient period. Polymorphisms in the leptin gene have been shown to be associated with differences in leptin concentration during late pregnancy but not during lactation. As the promoter of leptin regulates

  8. Positive correlation of serum leptin with estradiol levels in patients with polycystic ovary syndrome

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mendonça H.C.

    2004-01-01

    Full Text Available Patients with polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS usually are obese, insulin resistant and hyperinsulinemic. The known association between leptin, obesity andinsulin action suggests that leptin may have a role in PCOS but this has only been addressed peripherally. This study was designed to assess the relationship between serum leptin and the anthropometric, metabolic and endocrine variables of obese (body mass index, BMI ³30 kg/m² and non-obese (BMI <30 kg/m² PCOS patients. Twenty-eight PCOS patients and 24 control women subdivided into obese and non-obese groups were evaluated. Leptin, androgens, lipids, gonadotrophins and insulin-glucose response to the oral glucose tolerance test were measured by radioimmunoassay in all participants. The assays were done all in one time. The areas under the insulin curve (AUC-I and the glycemia curve were calculated to identify patients with insulin resistance. Mean leptin levels were not significantly higher in patients with PCOS compared to the control group (21.2 ± 10.2 vs 27.3 ± 12.4 ng/ml. Leptin levels were found to be significantly higher in the obese subgroups both in patients with PCOS (26.9 ± 9.3 vs 14.1 ± 7.0 ng/ml and in the control group (37.3 ± 15.5 vs 12.9 ± 5.8 ng/ml. The leptin of the PCOS group was correlated with BMI (r = 0.74; P < 0.0001 and estradiol (r = 0.48; P < 0.008 and tended to be correlated with the AUC-I (r = 0.36; P = 0.05. Of the parameters which showed a correlation with leptin in PCOS, only estradiol and probably insulinemia (AUC-I did not show a significant correlation with BMI, suggesting that the other parameters were correlated with leptin due to their correlation with BMI. Estradiol correlated with leptin in PCOS patients regardless of their weight.

  9. Association of serum lipids with levels of leptin in hemodialysis patients

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rafieian-Kopaei, Mahmoud; Nasri, Hamid

    2013-01-01

    To consider the correlation of serum leptin with dyslipidemia in hemodialysis patients. For maintenance hemodialysis patients levels of serum, lipid profiles and serum leptin were measured. Stable hemodialysis patients enrolled to the study. In all patients (36) a near significant,inverse correlation of serum leptin with serum LDL-C was seen. In male hemodialysis group a near significant positive correlation of serum leptin with serum triglyceride level was seen. The association of leptin with cholestrol and triglycerid levels could show the impact of leptin on nutrition status of hemodialysis patients.

  10. [Prognostic value of leptin level detection in industrial workers suffering from osteoarthrosis in Volgograd].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zborovskaia, I A; Simakova, E S; Zavodovskiĭ, B V; Akhverdian, Iu R; Kononov, V E

    2013-01-01

    Study of 130 osteoarthrosis patients revealed high serum level of leptin in 42 (32.3 %) patients including 9 males and 33 females. Osteoarthrosis patients with high serum leptin level are characterized by more severe course of the disease.

  11. High-circulating leptin levels are associated with increased blood pressure in uncontrolled resistant hypertension.

    Science.gov (United States)

    de Haro Moraes, C; Figueiredo, V N; de Faria, A P C; Barbaro, N R; Sabbatini, A R; Quinaglia, T; Ferreira-Melo, S E; Martins, L C; Demacq, C; Júnior, H M

    2013-04-01

    Leptin and aldosterone have been associated with the pathophysiological mechanisms of hypertension. However, despite studies showing the association of leptin with intima-media thickness, arterial distensibility and sympathetic nerve activation, the relationship between leptin and blood pressure (BP) in resistant hypertension (RHTN) is unknown. We aimed to assess the correlation of plasma leptin and aldosterone levels with BP in uncontrolled controlled RHTN (UCRHTN) and CRHTN patients. Plasma leptin and aldosterone levels, office BP, ambulatory BP monitoring and heart rate were measured in 41 UCRHTN, 39 CRHTN and 31 well-controlled HTN patients. No differences were observed between the three groups regarding gender, body mass index and age. The UCRHTN group had increased leptin when compared with CRHTN and well-controlled HTN patients (38.2±21.4, 19.6±8.7 and 20.94±13.9 ng ml(-1), respectively; P<0.05). Aldosterone levels values were also statistically different when comparing RHTN, CRHTN and well-controlled HTN patients (9.6±3.8, 8.1±5.0 and 8.0±4.7 ng dl(-1), respectively; P<0.05). As expected, UCRHTN patients had higher heart rate values compared with CRHTN and well-controlled HTN patients (86.2±7.2, 83.5±6.7 and 83.4±8.5, respectively; P<0.05). Plasma leptin positively correlated with systolic (SBP) and diastolic BP (DBP), and aldosterone (r=0.43, 0.35 and 0.47, respectively; all P<0.05) in UCRHTN, but neither in the CRHTN nor in the HTN group. Simple linear regression showed that SBP, DBP and aldosterone may be predicted by leptin (r(2)=0.16, 0.15 and 0.19, respectively; all P<0.05) only in the UCRHTN subgroup. In conclusion, UCRHTN patients have higher circulating leptin levels associated with increased plasma aldosterone and BP levels when compared with CRHTN and HTN subjects.

  12. Prenatal caffeine exposure induced a lower level of fetal blood leptin mainly via placental mechanism.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wu, Yi-Meng; Luo, Han-Wen; Kou, Hao; Wen, Yin-Xian; Shen, Lang; Pei, Ling-Guo; Zhou, Jin; Zhang, Yuan-Zhen; Wang, Hui

    2015-11-15

    It's known that blood leptin level is reduced in intrauterine growth retardation (IUGR) fetus, and placental leptin is the major source of fetal blood leptin. This study aimed to investigate the decreased fetal blood leptin level by prenatal caffeine exposure (PCE) and its underlying placental mechanisms. Pregnant Wistar rats were intragastrically administered caffeine (30-120 mg/kg day) from gestational day 9 to 20. The level of fetal serum leptin and the expression of placental leptin-related genes were analyzed. Furthermore, we investigated the molecular mechanism of the reduced placental leptin's expression by treatment with caffeine (0.8-20 μM) in the BeWo cells. In vivo, PCE significantly decreased fetal serum leptin level in caffeine dose-dependent manner. Meanwhile, placental mRNA expression of adenosine A2a receptor (Adora2a), cAMP-response element binding protein (CREB), a short-type leptin receptor (Ob-Ra) and leptin was reduced in the PCE groups. In vitro, caffeine significantly decreased the mRNA expression of leptin, CREB and ADORA2A in concentration and time-dependent manners. The addition of ADORA2A agonist or adenylyl cyclase (AC) agonist reversed the inhibition of leptin expression induced by caffeine. PCE induced a lower level of fetal blood leptin, which the primary mechanism is that caffeine inhibited antagonized Adora2a and AC activities to decreased cAMP synthesis, thus inhibited the expression of the transcription factor CREB and target gene leptin in the placenta. Meantime, the reduced transportation of maternal leptin by placental Ob-Ra also contributed to the reduced fetal blood leptin. Together, PCE decreased fetal blood leptin mainly via reducing the expression and transportation of leptin in the placenta.

  13. Changes in the before and after thyroxine treatment levels of adipose tissue, leptin, and resistin in subclinical hypothyroid patients.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Akbaba, Gulhan; Berker, Dilek; Isık, Serhat; Tuna, Mazhar Muslum; Koparal, Suha; Vural, Murat; Yılmaz, Fatma Meric; Topcuoglu, Canan; Guler, Serdar

    2016-08-01

    Subclinical hypothyroidism (SH) occurs when serum thyroid stimulating hormone (TSH) concentrations are raised and serum thyroid hormone concentrations are normal. The effect of SH on the proinflammatory adipose cytokine releasing visceral adipose tissue (VAT) is not clear. The aim of this study is to identify the difference between the pre and posttreatment levels of VAT, leptin, and resistin in SH patients. There were 51 SH patients and 43 age- and gender-matched healthy subjects included in the study. Thyroid functions, biochemical tests, leptin, resistin, and visceral and subcutaneous fat measurements were made. The measurements were repeated in the SH group in the third month following L-thyroxin treatment. Initially, high sensitivity C-reactive protein, carotid artery intima-media thickness (mm), leptin, and resistin levels were significantly higher in the SH group compared to the controls, while the other parameters were similar. While no correlation was observed between TSH levels and adipokines, a positive correlation was detected between waist circumference and leptin levels (r = 0.549, p adipose tissue was positively correlated to age, waist circumference, and leptin levels, but negatively correlated to free thyroxin (T4) levels (r = 0.419, p = 0.009; r = 0.794, p leptin, and resistin levels of SH patients following levothyroxine treatment. Conclusion The reduced VAT volume, leptin, and resistin levels in SH patients following treatment may support the idea that TSH affects adipose tissue functions.

  14. Free and total leptin serum levels and soluble leptin receptors levels in two models of genetic obesity: the Prader-Willi and the Down syndromes.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Proto, Caterina; Romualdi, Daniela; Cento, Rosa Maria; Romano, Corrado; Campagna, Giuseppe; Lanzone, Antonio

    2007-08-01

    Alterations in energy balance and feeding behavior and the subsequent high frequency of obesity are hallmarks of 2 chromosomal diseases: the Prader-Willi syndrome (PWS) and the Down syndrome (DS). Leptin, an important regulator of food intake and energy homeostasis, circulates in 2 forms: a free, therefore active, fraction and a fraction bound to the soluble leptin receptor, whose bioavailability consequently participates in the regulation of leptin action. To investigate the possible role of the free-bound leptin balance in the pathogenesis of obesity in PWS and DS, we enrolled 7 obese women with DS, 5 obese women with PWS, 7 obese women, and 7 normal-weight healthy control women. Basal hormonal concentrations, total and free leptin levels, and leptin receptors levels were measured in plasma samples obtained from the 4 groups. No significant differences were observed in the hormonal milieu. Women with DS exhibited lower total leptin concentrations (Pobese controls, then resembling the profile peculiar to normal-weight control women. At variance, subjects with PWS did not differ from obese controls regarding both leptin and leptin receptor levels. Our data suggest that, whereas subjects with PWS have a leptin assessment corresponding to their degree of obesity, subjects with DS may have a defect in the secretion of leptin that could at least partially account for this form of syndromal obesity.

  15. Effect of zinc supplementation on serum leptin levels and insulin resistance of obese women.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Marreiro, Dilina do Nascimento; Geloneze, Bruno; Tambascia, Marcos A; Lerário, Antonio C; Halpern, Alfredo; Cozzolino, Silvia Maria Franciscato

    2006-08-01

    Leptin is thought to be a lipostatic signal that contributes to body weight regulation. Zinc might play an important role in appetite regulation and its administration stimulates leptin production. However, there are few reports in the literature on its role on leptin levels in the obese population. The present work assesses the effect of zinc supplementation on serum leptin levels in insulin resistance (IR). A prospective double-blind, randomized, clinical, placebo-controlled study was conducted. Fifty-six normal glucose-tolerant obese women (age: 25-45 yr, body mass index [BMI] = 36.2 +/- 2.3 kg/m2) were randomized for treatment with 30 mg zinc daily for 4 wk. Baseline values of both groups were similar for age, BMI, caloric intake, insulin concentration, insulin resistance, and zinc concentration in diet, plasma, urine, and erythrocytes. Insulin and leptin were measured by radioimmunoassay and IR was estimated by the homeostasis model assessment (HOMA). The determinations of zinc in plasma, erythrocytes, and 24- h urine were performed by using atomic absorption spectrophotometry. After 4 wk, BMI, fasting glucose, and zinc concentration in plasma and erythrocyte did not change in either group, although zinc concentration in the urine increased from 385.9 +/- 259.3 to 470.2 +/- 241.2 +/- microg/24 h in the group with zinc supplementation (p zinc-supplemented group but did not change in the placebo group. Leptin did not change in the placebo group. In the zinc group, leptin was 23.6 +/- 12.3 microg/L and did not change. More human data from a unique population of obese individuals with documented insulin resistance would be useful in guiding future studies on zinc supplementation (with higher doses or longer intervals) or different measures.

  16. Ghrelin levels are not regulated by recombinant leptin administration and/or three days of fasting in healthy subjects.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Chan, Jean L; Bullen, John; Lee, Jennifer H; Yiannakouris, Nikos; Mantzoros, Christos S

    2004-01-01

    Ghrelin, a stomach-derived orexigenic peptide, and leptin, a fat-derived anorexigenic hormone, act primarily in the hypothalamus to regulate energy homeostasis and have been reported to be regulated in opposite directions by acute and chronic changes in nutritional state. Nutritional, anthropometric, and hormonal predictors of circulating ghrelin have not yet been fully elucidated, and whether ghrelin is regulated by leptin in humans remains unknown. To address these questions, we performed cross-sectional and interventional studies. In 120 healthy men and women, ghrelin was negatively associated with leptin as well as overall and central adiposity, but not with total energy or specific macronutrient intake. The sexual dimorphism in ghrelin levels (higher levels in women than in men) and the negative correlation between ghrelin and insulin are largely mediated by central adiposity. In six lean men, complete fasting for 3 d resulted in a low leptin state without a major change in fat mass and abolished the meal-related secretory pattern of ghrelin without increasing 24-h ghrelin levels. In addition, recombinant human leptin administration in physiological and pharmacological doses did not regulate ghrelin over several hours to a few days. These data do not support a role for regulation of circulating ghrelin by leptin levels independently of changes in adiposity and suggest that the leptin and ghrelin systems for energy homeostasis function independently of each other in healthy humans.

  17. Serum Leptin Measured in Early Pregnancy Is Higher in Women With Preeclampsia Compared With Normotensive Pregnant Women

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Taylor, Brandie; Ness, Roberta B; Olsen, Jørn

    2015-01-01

    between serum leptin (measured: 9-26 weeks gestation) and preeclampsia among 430 primiparous preeclamptic women and 316 primiparous normotensive controls from the Danish National Birth Cohort. Median (interquartile range) leptin concentrations were calculated. Associations between leptin and preeclampsia...... (blood pressure ≥140/90 mm Hg), term preeclampsia (preeclampsia and delivery ≥37 weeks gestation), or preterm preeclampsia (preeclampsia and delivery smoking......, and socio-occupational status. As leptin is increased in obese women and the risk of preeclampsia increases with body mass index, we used the Sobel test to examine whether leptin is a mediator of this relationship. After adjustments, leptin concentrations were significantly higher in women with preeclampsia...

  18. Leptin Level and Skipping Breakfast: The National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey III (NHANES III)

    Science.gov (United States)

    Asao, Keiko; Marekani, Amandine Sambira; VanCleave, Jessica; Rothberg, Amy E.

    2016-01-01

    Skipping breakfast is a common dietary habit considered to be unhealthy. However, the mechanisms underlying skipping breakfast have not been fully explored. Leptin is a hormone that regulates food intake and energy storage and secretes in a diurnal rhythm with lowest levels in the morning. We examined the association between the serum leptin level and skipping breakfast in 5714 adults in the U.S. National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey III, 1988–1994. We defined breakfast as any food or beverage consumed between 5:00 a.m. and 10:00 a.m. using a single 24-h recall. Skipped breakfast was seen in 13.1%. In the logistic regression models with and without adjusting for adiposity and sex, leptin levels were not associated with skipping breakfast. After adjusting for age, race/ethnicity, and time of venipuncture, the association remained insignificant. After further adjusting for potential confounders: physical activity, alcohol intake, smoking and diabetes and after further adjusting for: dietary factors, insulin and glucose levels, there was a 9% and 11%–12%, respectively, statistically significantly higher likelihood of skipping breakfast if the leptin level was more than 50% greater. Further investigation into the biological reasons for skipping breakfast may be useful for promoting healthy lifestyles. PMID:26927164

  19. Leptin Level and Skipping Breakfast: The National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey III (NHANES III).

    Science.gov (United States)

    Asao, Keiko; Marekani, Amandine Sambira; VanCleave, Jessica; Rothberg, Amy E

    2016-02-25

    Skipping breakfast is a common dietary habit considered to be unhealthy. However, the mechanisms underlying skipping breakfast have not been fully explored. Leptin is a hormone that regulates food intake and energy storage and secretes in a diurnal rhythm with lowest levels in the morning. We examined the association between the serum leptin level and skipping breakfast in 5714 adults in the U.S. National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey III, 1988-1994. We defined breakfast as any food or beverage consumed between 5:00 a.m. and 10:00 a.m. using a single 24-h recall. Skipped breakfast was seen in 13.1%. In the logistic regression models with and without adjusting for adiposity and sex, leptin levels were not associated with skipping breakfast. After adjusting for age, race/ethnicity, and time of venipuncture, the association remained insignificant. After further adjusting for potential confounders: physical activity, alcohol intake, smoking and diabetes and after further adjusting for: dietary factors, insulin and glucose levels, there was a 9% and 11%-12%, respectively, statistically significantly higher likelihood of skipping breakfast if the leptin level was more than 50% greater. Further investigation into the biological reasons for skipping breakfast may be useful for promoting healthy lifestyles.

  20. Leptin Level and Skipping Breakfast: The National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey III (NHANES III

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Keiko Asao

    2016-02-01

    Full Text Available Skipping breakfast is a common dietary habit considered to be unhealthy. However, the mechanisms underlying skipping breakfast have not been fully explored. Leptin is a hormone that regulates food intake and energy storage and secretes in a diurnal rhythm with lowest levels in the morning. We examined the association between the serum leptin level and skipping breakfast in 5714 adults in the U.S. National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey III, 1988–1994. We defined breakfast as any food or beverage consumed between 5:00 a.m. and 10:00 a.m. using a single 24-h recall. Skipped breakfast was seen in 13.1%. In the logistic regression models with and without adjusting for adiposity and sex, leptin levels were not associated with skipping breakfast. After adjusting for age, race/ethnicity, and time of venipuncture, the association remained insignificant. After further adjusting for potential confounders: physical activity, alcohol intake, smoking and diabetes and after further adjusting for: dietary factors, insulin and glucose levels, there was a 9% and 11%–12%, respectively, statistically significantly higher likelihood of skipping breakfast if the leptin level was more than 50% greater. Further investigation into the biological reasons for skipping breakfast may be useful for promoting healthy lifestyles.

  1. Higher ghrelin and lower leptin secretion are associated with lower LH secretion in young amenorrheic athletes compared with eumenorrheic athletes and controls.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ackerman, Kathryn E; Slusarz, Katherine; Guereca, Gabriela; Pierce, Lisa; Slattery, Meghan; Mendes, Nara; Herzog, David B; Misra, Madhusmita

    2012-04-01

    Amenorrhea is common in young athletes and is associated with low fat mass. However, hormonal factors that link decreased fat mass with altered gonadotropin pulsatility and amenorrhea are unclear. Low levels of leptin (an adipokine) and increased ghrelin (an orexigenic hormone that increases as fat mass decreases) impact gonadotropin pulsatility. Studies have not examined luteinizing hormone (LH) secretory dynamics in relation to leptin or ghrelin secretory dynamics in adolescent and young adult athletes. We hypothesized that 1) young amenorrheic athletes (AA) would have lower LH and leptin and higher ghrelin secretion than eumenorrheic athletes (EA) and nonathletes and 2) higher ghrelin and lower leptin would be associated with lower LH secretion. This was a cross-sectional study. We examined ghrelin and leptin secretory patterns (over 8 h, from 11 PM to 7 AM) in relation to LH secretory patterns in AA, EA, and nonathletes aged 14-21 yr. Ghrelin and leptin were assessed every 20 min and LH every 10 min. Groups did not differ for age, bone age, or BMI. However, fat mass was lower in AA than in EA and nonathletes. AA had lower LH and higher ghrelin pulsatile secretion and AUC than nonathletes and lower leptin pulsatile secretion and AUC than EA and nonathletes. Percent body fat was associated positively with LH and leptin secretion and inversely with ghrelin. In a regression model, ghrelin and leptin secretory parameters were associated independently with LH secretory parameters. We conclude that higher ghrelin and lower leptin secretion in AA related to lower fat mass may contribute to altered LH pulsatility and amenorrhea.

  2. Plasma levels of leptin and soluble leptin receptor and polymorphisms of leptin gene -18G > A and leptin receptor genes K109R and Q223R, in survivors of childhood acute lymphoblastic leukemia

    National Research Council Canada - National Science Library

    Skoczen, Szymon; Tomasik, Przemyslaw J; Bik-Multanowski, Miroslaw; Surmiak, Marcin; Balwierz, Walentyna; Pietrzyk, Jacek J; Sztefko, Krystyna; Gozdzik, Jolanta; Galicka-Latała, Danuta; Strojny, Wojciech

    2011-01-01

    ...) are at increased risk of overweight and obesity. The purpose of this study was to assess leptin and leptin soluble receptor levels, as well as polymorphisms of selected genes in survivors of pediatric ALL, and the influence of chemo- and radio...

  3. The Corellation between leptin and highly sensitive C-reactive protein levels in obese children aged 9-15 years

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sarah M Warouw

    2011-01-01

    Full Text Available Background Obesity is a low level and chronic inflammatory condition predominantly affecting white adipose tissue, where macrophage infiltration is found. Leptin is one of many molecules relating obesity to cardiovascular disease. Leptin can increase cytokine production in macrophages and monocytes, and increase oxidative stress on endothelial cells. Pro-inflammatory cytokines, in turn, may trigger the release of C-reactive protein. Objective To examine the correlation between leptin and hsCRP in obese children aged 9.15 years. Methods This cross-sectional study was done in Manado from May to December 2009, on elementary and junior high school children. Subjects were obese children aged 9-15 years, with nutritional status determined by Body Mass Index and converted into z-score. Physical examination, blood pressure, and blood examinations for fasting blood sugar (FBS, lipid profile, leptin, and hsCRP were performed. Data were analyzed with appropriate statistical methods. Results The mean leptin level in obese children was 34,009.2 pg/L (SD 18,224.79, higher than that of the control, 7,760.9 pg/L (51 8,85955 (P < 0.0001. The mean hsCRP level in obese children was 3.6 mg/L (SD 3.60, higher than that of the control, 0.7 mg/L (SD 1.32 (P < 0.0001. There was a significant positive correlation between leptin and hsCRP levels in obese children (r = 0.355, P < 0.0001. Conclusions There is significant positive correlation between leptin and hsCRP levels in obese children aged 9.15 years. Increased leptin and hsCRP levels indicate a low degree of chronic inflammation. Thus, intervention is needed to decrease the body weight of obese children. [Paediatr Indones. 2011;51:47-51].

  4. Serum leptin levels and insulin resistance are associated with gallstone disease in overweight subjects

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Nahum Méndez-Sánchez; Luisa B Bermejo-Martínez; Yolanda Vi(n)als; Norberto C Chavez-Tapia; Irina Vander Graff; Guadalupe Ponciano-Rodríguez; Martha H Ramos; Misael Uribe

    2005-01-01

    AIM: To establish an association between the serum leptin levels and the development of gallstone disease (GD).METHODS: We carried out a non-matched case-controlled study in a university hospital in Mexico City. Two hundred and eighty-seven subjects were included: 97 cases with gallstones and 190 controls. Body mass index (BMI), fasting plasma leptin, insulin, serum lipid, and lipoprotein levels were measured. Insulin resistance was calculated by homeostasis model assessment (HOMA-IR). Unconditional logistic regression analysis (univariate and multivariate)stratified by BMI was used to calculate the risk of GD.RESULTS: The multivariate conditional regression analysis revealed a model for those patients with BMI <30. The selected variables in the model were HOMA-IR index with OR = 1.31, P= 0.02 and leptin higher than median with OR = 2.11, P= 0.05. In the stratum of BMI ≥30, we did not find a useful model.CONCLUSION: We concluded that insulin resistance and the development of GD appears to be associated with serum leptin levels in subjects with overweight, but not in obese subjects with similar metabolic profiles.

  5. Changes of Leptin Level in Serum, Cord Venous Blood and Placenta in Women with Gestational Diabetes Mellitus and Correlations with Insulin and C-Peptide

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Jin-ming ZHU; Li SHI; Xiao-yuan LU; Rong-rong ZHANG; Min LI; Xiao-ning ZHANG

    2014-01-01

    ObjectiveTo investigate the changes of leptin levels in serum, cord venous blood and placenta and examine the possible relationships among them in women with gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM).Methods This case-control study was performed in 40 women with GDM and 40 normal women. The women with GDM received dietary advice, blood glucose monitoring and insulin treatment when necessary. Maternal serum and venous cord blood leptin, insulin and C-peptide levels were detected by ELISA. The expression level of leptin in placenta was measured by an immunohistochemical method. Results1. Leptin, insulin and C-peptide levels in serum of the women with GDM were significantly higher than those of the normal women (P<0.01,P<0.05, P<0.01). 2. Cord venous blood leptin and insulin in GDM group were significantly higher than in the normal group (P<0.01,P<0.05). No significant difference was found in cord venous blood C-peptide between two groups. 3. The expression of placenta leptin protein was significantly higher in GDM women than in normal women (P<0.01). There were positive correlations between placental leptin, cord venous leptin and insulin, birth weight, ponderal index in GDM women (r=0.37,P<0.05;r=0.39,P<0.05;r=0.53,P<0.01;r=0.54,P<0.01). However, there was no correlation between placental leptin and serum leptin.Conclusion The women with GDM and their fetuses suffer from hyperleptinaemia and hyperinsulinaemia. In the women with GDM, there was disorder in the interaction between leptin and insulin. The GDM women and their fetuses may be prone to insulin resistance and leptin resistance in late pregnancy.

  6. Genome-wide meta-analysis uncovers novel loci influencing circulating leptin levels.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kilpeläinen, Tuomas O; Carli, Jayne F Martin; Skowronski, Alicja A; Sun, Qi; Kriebel, Jennifer; Feitosa, Mary F; Hedman, Åsa K; Drong, Alexander W; Hayes, James E; Zhao, Jinghua; Pers, Tune H; Schick, Ursula; Grarup, Niels; Kutalik, Zoltán; Trompet, Stella; Mangino, Massimo; Kristiansson, Kati; Beekman, Marian; Lyytikäinen, Leo-Pekka; Eriksson, Joel; Henneman, Peter; Lahti, Jari; Tanaka, Toshiko; Luan, Jian'an; Del Greco M, Fabiola; Pasko, Dorota; Renström, Frida; Willems, Sara M; Mahajan, Anubha; Rose, Lynda M; Guo, Xiuqing; Liu, Yongmei; Kleber, Marcus E; Pérusse, Louis; Gaunt, Tom; Ahluwalia, Tarunveer S; Ju Sung, Yun; Ramos, Yolande F; Amin, Najaf; Amuzu, Antoinette; Barroso, Inês; Bellis, Claire; Blangero, John; Buckley, Brendan M; Böhringer, Stefan; I Chen, Yii-Der; de Craen, Anton J N; Crosslin, David R; Dale, Caroline E; Dastani, Zari; Day, Felix R; Deelen, Joris; Delgado, Graciela E; Demirkan, Ayse; Finucane, Francis M; Ford, Ian; Garcia, Melissa E; Gieger, Christian; Gustafsson, Stefan; Hallmans, Göran; Hankinson, Susan E; Havulinna, Aki S; Herder, Christian; Hernandez, Dena; Hicks, Andrew A; Hunter, David J; Illig, Thomas; Ingelsson, Erik; Ioan-Facsinay, Andreea; Jansson, John-Olov; Jenny, Nancy S; Jørgensen, Marit E; Jørgensen, Torben; Karlsson, Magnus; Koenig, Wolfgang; Kraft, Peter; Kwekkeboom, Joanneke; Laatikainen, Tiina; Ladwig, Karl-Heinz; LeDuc, Charles A; Lowe, Gordon; Lu, Yingchang; Marques-Vidal, Pedro; Meisinger, Christa; Menni, Cristina; Morris, Andrew P; Myers, Richard H; Männistö, Satu; Nalls, Mike A; Paternoster, Lavinia; Peters, Annette; Pradhan, Aruna D; Rankinen, Tuomo; Rasmussen-Torvik, Laura J; Rathmann, Wolfgang; Rice, Treva K; Brent Richards, J; Ridker, Paul M; Sattar, Naveed; Savage, David B; Söderberg, Stefan; Timpson, Nicholas J; Vandenput, Liesbeth; van Heemst, Diana; Uh, Hae-Won; Vohl, Marie-Claude; Walker, Mark; Wichmann, Heinz-Erich; Widén, Elisabeth; Wood, Andrew R; Yao, Jie; Zeller, Tanja; Zhang, Yiying; Meulenbelt, Ingrid; Kloppenburg, Margreet; Astrup, Arne; Sørensen, Thorkild I A; Sarzynski, Mark A; Rao, D C; Jousilahti, Pekka; Vartiainen, Erkki; Hofman, Albert; Rivadeneira, Fernando; Uitterlinden, André G; Kajantie, Eero; Osmond, Clive; Palotie, Aarno; Eriksson, Johan G; Heliövaara, Markku; Knekt, Paul B; Koskinen, Seppo; Jula, Antti; Perola, Markus; Huupponen, Risto K; Viikari, Jorma S; Kähönen, Mika; Lehtimäki, Terho; Raitakari, Olli T; Mellström, Dan; Lorentzon, Mattias; Casas, Juan P; Bandinelli, Stefanie; März, Winfried; Isaacs, Aaron; van Dijk, Ko W; van Duijn, Cornelia M; Harris, Tamara B; Bouchard, Claude; Allison, Matthew A; Chasman, Daniel I; Ohlsson, Claes; Lind, Lars; Scott, Robert A; Langenberg, Claudia; Wareham, Nicholas J; Ferrucci, Luigi; Frayling, Timothy M; Pramstaller, Peter P; Borecki, Ingrid B; Waterworth, Dawn M; Bergmann, Sven; Waeber, Gérard; Vollenweider, Peter; Vestergaard, Henrik; Hansen, Torben; Pedersen, Oluf; Hu, Frank B; Eline Slagboom, P; Grallert, Harald; Spector, Tim D; Jukema, J W; Klein, Robert J; Schadt, Erik E; Franks, Paul W; Lindgren, Cecilia M; Leibel, Rudolph L; Loos, Ruth J F

    2016-02-01

    Leptin is an adipocyte-secreted hormone, the circulating levels of which correlate closely with overall adiposity. Although rare mutations in the leptin (LEP) gene are well known to cause leptin deficiency and severe obesity, no common loci regulating circulating leptin levels have been uncovered. Therefore, we performed a genome-wide association study (GWAS) of circulating leptin levels from 32,161 individuals and followed up loci reaching P<10(-6) in 19,979 additional individuals. We identify five loci robustly associated (P<5 × 10(-8)) with leptin levels in/near LEP, SLC32A1, GCKR, CCNL1 and FTO. Although the association of the FTO obesity locus with leptin levels is abolished by adjustment for BMI, associations of the four other loci are independent of adiposity. The GCKR locus was found associated with multiple metabolic traits in previous GWAS and the CCNL1 locus with birth weight. Knockdown experiments in mouse adipose tissue explants show convincing evidence for adipogenin, a regulator of adipocyte differentiation, as the novel causal gene in the SLC32A1 locus influencing leptin levels. Our findings provide novel insights into the regulation of leptin production by adipose tissue and open new avenues for examining the influence of variation in leptin levels on adiposity and metabolic health.

  7. Genome-wide meta-analysis uncovers novel loci influencing circulating leptin levels

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kilpeläinen, Tuomas O.; Carli, Jayne F. Martin; Skowronski, Alicja A.; Sun, Qi; Kriebel, Jennifer; Feitosa, Mary F; Hedman, Åsa K.; Drong, Alexander W.; Hayes, James E.; Zhao, Jinghua; Pers, Tune H.; Schick, Ursula; Grarup, Niels; Kutalik, Zoltán; Trompet, Stella; Mangino, Massimo; Kristiansson, Kati; Beekman, Marian; Lyytikäinen, Leo-Pekka; Eriksson, Joel; Henneman, Peter; Lahti, Jari; Tanaka, Toshiko; Luan, Jian'an; Greco M, Fabiola Del; Pasko, Dorota; Renström, Frida; Willems, Sara M.; Mahajan, Anubha; Rose, Lynda M.; Guo, Xiuqing; Liu, Yongmei; Kleber, Marcus E.; Pérusse, Louis; Gaunt, Tom; Ahluwalia, Tarunveer S.; Ju Sung, Yun; Ramos, Yolande F.; Amin, Najaf; Amuzu, Antoinette; Barroso, Inês; Bellis, Claire; Blangero, John; Buckley, Brendan M.; Böhringer, Stefan; I Chen, Yii-Der; de Craen, Anton J. N.; Crosslin, David R.; Dale, Caroline E.; Dastani, Zari; Day, Felix R.; Deelen, Joris; Delgado, Graciela E.; Demirkan, Ayse; Finucane, Francis M.; Ford, Ian; Garcia, Melissa E.; Gieger, Christian; Gustafsson, Stefan; Hallmans, Göran; Hankinson, Susan E.; Havulinna, Aki S; Herder, Christian; Hernandez, Dena; Hicks, Andrew A.; Hunter, David J.; Illig, Thomas; Ingelsson, Erik; Ioan-Facsinay, Andreea; Jansson, John-Olov; Jenny, Nancy S.; Jørgensen, Marit E.; Jørgensen, Torben; Karlsson, Magnus; Koenig, Wolfgang; Kraft, Peter; Kwekkeboom, Joanneke; Laatikainen, Tiina; Ladwig, Karl-Heinz; LeDuc, Charles A.; Lowe, Gordon; Lu, Yingchang; Marques-Vidal, Pedro; Meisinger, Christa; Menni, Cristina; Morris, Andrew P.; Myers, Richard H.; Männistö, Satu; Nalls, Mike A.; Paternoster, Lavinia; Peters, Annette; Pradhan, Aruna D.; Rankinen, Tuomo; Rasmussen-Torvik, Laura J.; Rathmann, Wolfgang; Rice, Treva K.; Brent Richards, J; Ridker, Paul M.; Sattar, Naveed; Savage, David B.; Söderberg, Stefan; Timpson, Nicholas J.; Vandenput, Liesbeth; van Heemst, Diana; Uh, Hae-Won; Vohl, Marie-Claude; Walker, Mark; Wichmann, Heinz-Erich; Widén, Elisabeth; Wood, Andrew R.; Yao, Jie; Zeller, Tanja; Zhang, Yiying; Meulenbelt, Ingrid; Kloppenburg, Margreet; Astrup, Arne; Sørensen, Thorkild I. A.; Sarzynski, Mark A.; Rao, D. C.; Jousilahti, Pekka; Vartiainen, Erkki; Hofman, Albert; Rivadeneira, Fernando; Uitterlinden, André G.; Kajantie, Eero; Osmond, Clive; Palotie, Aarno; Eriksson, Johan G.; Heliövaara, Markku; Knekt, Paul B.; Koskinen, Seppo; Jula, Antti; Perola, Markus; Huupponen, Risto K.; Viikari, Jorma S.; Kähönen, Mika; Lehtimäki, Terho; Raitakari, Olli T.; Mellström, Dan; Lorentzon, Mattias; Casas, Juan P.; Bandinelli, Stefanie; März, Winfried; Isaacs, Aaron; van Dijk, Ko W.; van Duijn, Cornelia M.; Harris, Tamara B.; Bouchard, Claude; Allison, Matthew A.; Chasman, Daniel I.; Ohlsson, Claes; Lind, Lars; Scott, Robert A.; Langenberg, Claudia; Wareham, Nicholas J.; Ferrucci, Luigi; Frayling, Timothy M.; Pramstaller, Peter P.; Borecki, Ingrid B.; Waterworth, Dawn M.; Bergmann, Sven; Waeber, Gérard; Vollenweider, Peter; Vestergaard, Henrik; Hansen, Torben; Pedersen, Oluf; Hu, Frank B.; Eline Slagboom, P; Grallert, Harald; Spector, Tim D.; Jukema, J.W.; Klein, Robert J.; Schadt, Erik E; Franks, Paul W.; Lindgren, Cecilia M.; Leibel, Rudolph L.; Loos, Ruth J. F.

    2016-01-01

    Leptin is an adipocyte-secreted hormone, the circulating levels of which correlate closely with overall adiposity. Although rare mutations in the leptin (LEP) gene are well known to cause leptin deficiency and severe obesity, no common loci regulating circulating leptin levels have been uncovered. Therefore, we performed a genome-wide association study (GWAS) of circulating leptin levels from 32,161 individuals and followed up loci reaching P<10−6 in 19,979 additional individuals. We identify five loci robustly associated (P<5 × 10−8) with leptin levels in/near LEP, SLC32A1, GCKR, CCNL1 and FTO. Although the association of the FTO obesity locus with leptin levels is abolished by adjustment for BMI, associations of the four other loci are independent of adiposity. The GCKR locus was found associated with multiple metabolic traits in previous GWAS and the CCNL1 locus with birth weight. Knockdown experiments in mouse adipose tissue explants show convincing evidence for adipogenin, a regulator of adipocyte differentiation, as the novel causal gene in the SLC32A1 locus influencing leptin levels. Our findings provide novel insights into the regulation of leptin production by adipose tissue and open new avenues for examining the influence of variation in leptin levels on adiposity and metabolic health. PMID:26833098

  8. Low leptin levels predict amenorrhea in underweight and eating disordered females.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Köpp, W; Blum, W F; von Prittwitz, S; Ziegler, A; Lübbert, H; Emons, G; Herzog, W; Herpertz, S; Deter, H C; Remschmidt, H; Hebebrand, J

    1997-07-01

    Evidence that leptin plays an important role in reproductive function is accumulating rapidly. We hypothesized that low leptin synthesis is associated with amenorrhea. We therefore determined serum leptin levels in 43 underweight female students, who were screened for lifetime occurrence of amenorrhea. We assessed the predictive value of leptin, body mass index (BMI), fat mass and percent body fat, respectively, for lifetime occurrence of amenorrea. Factors predicting amenorrhea were tested for their capability to predict current amenorrhea in a second cohort of 63 inpatients with anorexia nervosa (AN) or bulimia nervosa (BN). Furthermore, the relationships between serum leptin levels and of follicle stimulating hormone (FSH), luteinizing hormone (LH), estradiol and progesterone, respectively, were evaluated. Only leptin predicted lifetime occurrence of amenorrhea in the student cohort. The critical leptin level was in the range of 1.85 micrograms L-1. This level served to largely separate anorectic from bulimic patients. In patients with AN mean serum log10 leptin levels over the first 4 weeks of inpatient treatment were correlated with mean FSH, LH and estradiol levels, respectively. Evidently, a critical leptin level is needed to maintain menstruation. In affluent populations eating disorders are likely to be a major cause of a low leptin synthesis.

  9. Evaluation of body weight, insulin resistance, leptin and adiponectin levels in premenopausal women with hyperprolactinemia.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Atmaca, Aysegul; Bilgici, Birsen; Ecemis, Gulcin Cengiz; Tuncel, Ozgur Korhan

    2013-12-01

    The effects of hyperprolactinemia on metabolic parameters are not clear and a few data evaluating adiponectin levels in prolactinoma and idiopathic hyperprolactinemia exist. The aim of this study was to evaluate the effects of hyperprolactinemia on body weight, insulin resistance, beta cell function, and leptin and adiponectin levels in premenopausal women with hyperprolactinemia. Forty premenopausal women with prolactinoma or idiopathic hyperprolactinemia were compared to 41 age-matched healthy premenopausal women with regard to body weight, body mass index, waist and hip circumferences, waist to hip ratio, fasting plasma glucose, insulin levels, insulin resistance measured by homeostasis model assessment (HOMA)-insulin resistance index, beta cell function measured by HOMA-β index, leptin and adiponectin levels. Plasma insulin levels and HOMA indexes (both insulin resistance and beta indexes) were significantly higher in hyperprolactinemic women. The other parameters were similar between both groups. There was a positive correlation between prolactin levels and fasting plasma glucose in hyperprolactinemic women. The results of this study showed that high prolactin levels may be associated with hyperinsulinemia and insulin resistance in premenopausal women. This effect seems to be independent of body weight, leptin and adiponectin levels. High prolactin levels may directly stimulate insulin secretion from pancreas and directly cause hepatic and whole-body insulin resistance.

  10. Leptin Administration Downregulates the Increased Expression Levels of Genes Related to Oxidative Stress and Inflammation in the Skeletal Muscle of ob/ob Mice

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sáinz, Neira; Rodríguez, Amaia; Catalán, Victoria; Becerril, Sara; Ramírez, Beatriz; Gómez-Ambrosi, Javier; Frühbeck, Gema

    2010-01-01

    Obese leptin-deficient ob/ob mice exhibit a low-grade chronic inflammation together with a low muscle mass. Our aim was to analyze the changes in muscle expression levels of genes related to oxidative stress and inflammatory responses in leptin deficiency and to identify the effect of in vivo leptin administration. Ob/ob mice were divided in three groups as follows: control ob/ob, leptin-treated ob/ob (1 mg/kg/d) and leptin pair-fed ob/ob mice. Gastrocnemius weight was lower in control ob/ob than in wild type mice (P < .01) exhibiting an increase after leptin treatment compared to control and pair-fed (P < .01) ob/ob animals. Thiobarbituric acid reactive substances, markers of oxidative stress, were higher in serum (P < .01) and gastrocnemius (P = .05) of control ob/ob than in wild type mice and were significantly decreased (P < .01) by leptin treatment. Leptin deficiency altered the expression of 1,546 genes, while leptin treatment modified the regulation of 1,127 genes with 86 of them being involved in oxidative stress, immune defense and inflammatory response. Leptin administration decreased the high expression of Crybb1, Hspb3, Hspb7, Mt4, Cat, Rbm9, Serpinc1 and Serpinb1a observed in control ob/ob mice, indicating that it improves inflammation and muscle loss. PMID:20671928

  11. Genome-wide meta-analysis uncovers novel loci influencing circulating leptin levels

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Kilpeläinen, Tuomas O; Carli, Jayne F Martin; Skowronski, Alicja A

    2016-01-01

    Leptin is an adipocyte-secreted hormone, the circulating levels of which correlate closely with overall adiposity. Although rare mutations in the leptin (LEP) gene are well known to cause leptin deficiency and severe obesity, no common loci regulating circulating leptin levels have been uncovered....... Therefore, we performed a genome-wide association study (GWAS) of circulating leptin levels from 32,161 individuals and followed up loci reaching Pleptin levels in/near LEP, SLC32A1, GCKR, CCNL1 and FTO....... Although the association of the FTO obesity locus with leptin levels is abolished by adjustment for BMI, associations of the four other loci are independent of adiposity. The GCKR locus was found associated with multiple metabolic traits in previous GWAS and the CCNL1 locus with birth weight. Knockdown...

  12. Effect of Technological Treatments on Human-Like Leptin Level in Bovine Milk for Human Consumption

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Damiano Magistrelli

    2014-07-01

    Full Text Available In this experiment, raw milk and commercially available full-cream UHT milk, semi-skimmed UHT milk, skimmed UHT milk, full-cream pasteurized milk, semi-skimmed pasteurized milk and infant formulas for babies between 6 and 12 months of age were analyzed by RIA, with a method using an antibody directed against human leptin and human leptin as reference standard. Raw milk and full-cream UHT milk did not differ for human-like leptin. Leptin content of full-cream pasteurized milk was not different to that of full-cream UHT milk, but it was 14% lower (p < 0.05 than that observed in raw milk. Human-like leptin level of semi-skimmed UHT milk was not different to that of semi-skimmed pasteurized milk, but it was 30% lower (p < 0.0001 than those of full-cream UHT and full-cream pasteurized milks. In skimmed UHT milk, leptin was 40% lower (p < 0.0001 than in full-cream UHT milk. Leptin was correlated (p < 0.001 with lipid content. Leptin level of infant formulas was not different to that of skimmed milks. Results suggest that the heat treatment (pasteurization or UHT is not a modifier of human-like leptin content of edible commercial bovine milks, whereas the skimming process significantly reduces milk leptin level.

  13. GENDER DISTINCTIONS OF MICROALBUMINURIA AND ITS RELATION TO INTRARENAL HEMODYNAMIC AND LEPTIN LEVEL IN ARTERIAL HYPERTENSION

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    V. I. Podzolkov

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available Aim. To assess an incidence of microalbuminuria (MAU depending on gender and its relation to intrarenal hemodynamic, glomerular filtration rate (GFR, and leptin serum level in essential hypertension (HT. Material and methods. 149 patients (61 men and 88 women, aged 49.4±7.1 years, body mass index 32.2±3.8 kg/m2 with HT degree 2-3 were examined. Clinical characteristics in men and women were comparable. Ultrasonography of intrarenal vessels was performed in all patients. GFR was calculated by isotope nephroangioscintigraphy. Leptin serum level was determined\\ by radioimmunoassay. MAU was detected by semiquantitative test. Results were processed with SPSS-11.0 software package. Results. MAU incidence was higher among female hypertensives in contrast to males: 40% vs 26% (p=0.056. Hypertensives with MAU of both genders demonstrated higher both resistance index (RI and pulsatility index (PI. Gender differences of both RI and PI in patients with MAU were highly significant (p<0.001 at all levels of arterial visualization (renal, segmental and interlobar. Female hypertensives with MAU had lower GFR (79.1±13.2 ml/min/1.73m2 than those without MAU (89.3±17.2 ml/min/1.73m2. Male hypertensives with MAU had higher GFR than those without MAU: 126±32.5 vs 105.4±16.7 ml/min/1.73m2, respectively. Serum leptin level in females with MAU was higher than this in female patients without MAU: 103.5±38.7 vs 76.7±46.4 ng/ml (p=0.04, respectively. Leptin levels did not differ in males with or without MAU. In males MAU positively correlated with GFR (r=0.372, р=0.003, where-as in females – correlation was negative (r=-0.34, р=0.02. Besides, in females MAU correlated with serum leptin level (r=0.48, p=0.01 Conclusion. Female hypertensives with MAU demonstrate more stable elevation of RI and PI in contrast to hypertensive males with MAU. MAU level correlates with GFR in opposite ways: in males positively whereas in females — negatively.

  14. Leptin levels distribution and ethnic background in two populations from Chile: Caucasian and Mapuche groups.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Pérez-Bravo, F; Albala, C; Santos, J L; Yañez, M; Carrasco, E

    1998-10-01

    Leptin, the product of the human ob gene is increased in obese individuals, suggesting resistance to its effect. We examined the relationship of serum leptin levels with respect to obesity, gender and insulin levels in two populations with different ethnic compositions in Chile. Leptin and insulin levels were determined by radioimmunoassay (RIA) and correlated with body mass index (BMI), gender and ethnic background. 79 Caucasian subjects from Santiago and 65 Mapuche natives from the Araucania region, Chile, were included in this study. Leptin concentrations in obese subjects were significantly increased in both ethnic groups in relation to lean status: Caucasian and Mapuche obese 19.3 +/- 11.6 and 10.1 +/- 5.8 (P Mapuche lean 10.4 +/- 5.8 and 4.7 +/- 2.9 (P Mapuche and Caucasian groups, similar leptin levels were observed among the males of the two populations in both metabolic states (lean and obese). In contrast, the leptin level distributions between women showed a marked difference, having a minor value in the Mapuche women with a comparable value with the male group in this ethnic population. The leptin concentrations are associated with obesity in both ethnic groups in Chile. However, the leptin levels between the Mapuche natives were significantly decreased compared to the Caucasian group. The gender distribution does not seem to be important in the Mapuche natives. The ethnic composition seems to be important in the leptin distribution in the analysed populations.

  15. The Determinants of Leptin Levels in Diabetic and Nondiabetic Saudi Males

    Science.gov (United States)

    2017-01-01

    Objective. This study aimed to identify the main determinants of serum leptin levels. Methods. A sample of 113 Saudi adult males (55 diabetic and 58 nondiabetic) was selected according to the inclusion and exclusion criteria identified below. Blood samples were taken from participants after fasting for 12 hours. For diabetic patients, the insulin dose was given 12 hours before. In general, the study instrument consisted of blood biochemical tests. Metabolic parameters, glycosylated hemoglobin (HbA1c), low-density lipoprotein (LDL), high-density lipoprotein (HDL), cholesterol, and triglyceride (TG), and adipokines, leptin, adiponectin, visfatin, and resistin, were measured. Multivariate model was utilized to identify the relationship between leptin levels and the independent variables. Results. When adjusted for resistin in the diabetic group, the results demonstrated a significant relationship between visfatin, LDL and TG, and leptin levels (p leptin levels when adjusted for resistin (p leptin and adiponectin levels in either the diabetic or nondiabetic group and whether adjusted or controlled for resistin. Conclusion. This study provided better understanding of the metabolism of leptin and unveiled the major determinants of leptin levels in diabetic and nondiabetic males. In conclusion, these results show that the association between leptin and metabolic parameters decreases with the progress of disease.

  16. Influence of the leptin and cortisol levels on craving and smoking cessation.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gomes, Arthur da Silva; Toffolo, Mayla Cardoso Fernandes; Keulen, Henriqueta Vieira van; Castro e Silva, Flávia Márcia; Ferreira, Ana Paula; Luquetti, Sheila Cristina Potente Dutra; Mendes, Larissa Loures; Volp, Ana Carolina Pinheiro; de Aguiar, Aline Silva

    2015-09-30

    Leptin inhibits cortisol release and may increase the craving for cigarettes, hindering the process of smoking cessation. We evaluate the influence of the initial concentration of cortisol and serum leptin on craving and smoking status in individuals after one month of treatment for smoking cessation. The leptin concentration was adjusted by the Initial Body Mass Index (BMI) (leptin/BMI) and the initial percentage of body fat (%BF) (leptin/%BF). The craving was assessed using the Questionnaire of Smoking Urges-Brief (QSU-Brief). The QSU-Brief was assessed about a score of factor 1 (positive reinforcement by tobacco), and factor 2 (negative reinforcement by tobacco). Correlation was found between QSU-Brief (Factor 1 and 2) with the initial concentration of leptin/BF% among those who continued to smoke. There was a negative correlation between cortisol levels and leptin/%BF in individuals who remained smokers after 1 month. There was a positive correlation between leptin/BMI and leptin/%BF with the QSU-Brief (Factor 2) of 1 month in women who remained smokers (r=0.565; p=0.023) and the QSU-Brief (Factor 2) initial among the abstinent women (r=0.551; p=0.033). The highest concentrations of leptin were associated with greater craving and difficulty in achieve abstinence.

  17. Serum leptin levels and leptin expression in growth hormone (GH)-deficient and healthy adults: influence of GH treatment, gender, and fasting.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kristensen, K; Pedersen, S B; Fisker, S; Nørrelund, H; Rosenfalck, A M; Jørgensen, J O; Richelsen, B

    1998-12-01

    Growth hormone (GH) treatment is associated with a reduction in fat mass in healthy and GH-deficient (GHD) subjects. This is mainly mediated via a direct GH action on adipose cells and stimulation of lipolysis. Leptin is secreted from adipose tissue and may be involved in signaling information about adipose tissue stores to the brain. Hormonal regulation of leptin is still not fully elucidated, and in the present study, we investigated both the long-term (4-month) and short-term (28-hour) GH effects on serum leptin and leptin gene expression in subcutaneous adipose tissue. In GHD adults (n = 24), leptin correlated with most estimates of adiposity (r = .62 to .86), as previously found in healthy subjects. However, no correlation was observed with intraabdominal fat determined by computed tomographic (CT) scan (INTRA-CT). GH treatment for 4 months had no independent effect on either serum leptin or leptin gene expression. In a short-term study, we found that fasting gradually reduced leptin levels in both healthy men and GHD adults, with a maximum reduction of 58% to 60% (P fasting. Adipose tissue leptin mRNA correlated with serum leptin (r = .51, P hormones) may be causal factors for the gender difference in leptin.

  18. Relationship between serum leptin levels and bone mineral density and bone metabolic markers in patients on hemodialysis

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Farokhlagha Ahmadi

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available Leptin is the protein product of the obesity gene, which is produced in fat tissue. It was originally thought to be involved only in the regulation of food intake and energy balance. We aimed to investigate the relationship of serum leptin levels with bone mineral density (BMD and biochemical markers of bone turnover in patients on hemodialysis (HD. This study included 72 patients (43 males and 29 females, whose mean age was 55.1 ± 11.4 years, mean body mass index was 23.13 ± 2.75 kg/m 2 and mean duration on HD was 5 ± 3.4 years. The BMD values were calculated using dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry (DEXA at the femoral neck and lumbar spine. Blood samples were taken for leptin, intact parathyroid hormone (I-PTH, bone alkaline phosphatase (BAP, calcium (Ca, phosphate (P and albumin. The leptin levels were higher in females than in males (22.3 ± 19.6 vs 20.8 ± 23, but this difference was not significant. The serum leptin level had a strong positive correlation with Ca levels in the female patients (r = 0.659 and P = 0.01 and a negative correlation with albumin levels (r = -0.461 and P = 0.01. No correlation was found with age, BMI, duration on dialysis, BMD and serum levels of PTH, BAP and P for the entire patient group or either gender separately. The serum leptin level was significantly lower in females with PTH >300 pg/mL when compared with patients with PTH = 100-300 pg/mL (86 ± 85 vs 47 ± 48 (P = 0.011.Women with BAP <300 IU/L had significantly higher serum leptin than those with BAP 300-600 IU/L (P = 0.024. Women with Ca <8.5 mg/dL had significantly lower serum leptin levels compared with those with Ca levels of 8.5-10.5 mg/dL (P = 0.011. There was no significant difference between the two genders among variables such as age, BMI, duration on dialysis, serum leptin, I-PTH, Ca, P, BAP, albumin and BMD of the femoral neck and lumbar spine.

  19. Leptin level and its role in the regulation of reproductive function in females with anorexia nervosa

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    赵咏桔

    2006-01-01

    Objective To explore the relationship between serum leptin level and the hypothalamus-pituitary-gonad (HPG) axis in female adolescents with anorexia nervosa (AN). Methods Sixteen newly diagnosed female adolescents with AN in Shanghai and Zhejiang province were investigated, and their serum leptin, FSH, LH and body composition were measured before and after 18 weeks treatment, and their menorrhea cycles were observed. The rhythm of 24 h serum leptin secretion was studied in

  20. Serum leptin levels in overweight children and adolescents

    OpenAIRE

    Antunes, H.; Santos,C.; S. Carvalho

    2009-01-01

    Leptin is an adipocyte-secreted hormone which plays a key role in energy homeostasis. Our aim was to determine the relationship between serum leptin and clinical and biochemical features in overweight children and adolescents. Overweight children and adolescents followed in this Unit with serum leptin ascertained were included. Clinical, biochemical and abdominal ultrasound data were analysed. Statistical analysis was performed by t test, chi2, Pearson's correlation and linear regression. One...

  1. Effect of orlistat on the total ghrelin and leptin levels in obese patients.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ozkan, Y; Aydin, S; Donder, E; Koca, S S; Aydin, Suna; Ozkan, B; Sahin, I

    2009-09-01

    Obesity, characterized by hyperleptinemia and hypoghrelinemia, has become a major health problem all over the world and is associated with an increased risk of complications including insulin resistance, hypertension, dyslipidemia, diabetes mellitus and atherosclerosis. The use of the pancreatic lipase inhibitor Orlistat can help seriously overweight people to achieve and maintain weight loss. The aim of our study was to compare the serum leptin and ghrelin levels in obese subjects who take orlistat with those receiving only dietary treatment. Twenty-one obese patients and 10 control subjects participated. The obese patients were divided into two groups; one group (n=11) took orlistat (120 mg, 3 times daily) and received dietary treatment and the other (n=10) only received the dietary treatment. The study lasted twelve weeks. The concentrations of serum ghrelin, leptin, insulin and C-peptide, and routine biochemical parameters, were measured in both groups. The serum ghrelin level was higher in control (183+/-62 fmol/ml) than obese (59+/-30 fmol/ml) subjects while the plasma leptin level was lower in control (8.7+/-12 microg/L) than obese (36.7+/-19 microg/L) subjects (all porlistat and dietary treatment in the obese subjects (all porlistat showed a significant change (porlistat has no effect on body weight in obese subjects additional to that conferred by a non-pharmacological life-style intervention. We therefore conclude that weight lost rather than type of treatment might be more valuable in obesity.

  2. Body weight gain and serum leptin levels of non-overweight and overweight/obese pregnant women.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Castellano Filho, Didier Silveira; do Amaral Correa, José Otávio; Dos Santos Ramos, Plínio; de Oliveira Montessi, Marina; Aarestrup, Beatriz Julião Vieira; Aarestrup, Fernando Monteiro

    2013-11-22

    Our objective was to evaluate changes in serum leptin levels during pregnancy in overweight/obese and non-obese women and to assess total and percent weight gain during pregnancy as possible factors that influence leptin levels. In a prospective study of 42 low-risk pregnant women receiving prenatal care, we assessed serum leptin levels at gestational weeks 9-12, 25-28, and 34-37. Based on their pre-pregnancy body mass indices (BMIs), the cohort was divided into: non-overweight (BMI pregnant women had a noticeably larger total weight gain. When analyzing the percent weight gain during pregnancy compared to the pre-pregnancy weight, the non-overweight group had a significantly greater percent weight gain than the overweight/obese group. Our results suggest that the greater increase in leptin levels in non-overweight pregnant women can be explained by the higher percent weight gain in this group compared to overweight/obese women. These findings suggest that controlling the percent weight gain may be an important preventive measure when controlling leptin levels during pregnancy and subsequent medical complications.

  3. Relationship between serum leptin levels and bone mineral density and bone metabolic markers in patients on hemodialysis.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ahmadi, Farokhlagha; Salari, Sina; Maziar, Sima; Esfahanian, Fateme; Khazaeipour, Zahra; Ranjbarnovin, Neda

    2013-01-01

    Leptin is the protein product of the obesity gene, which is produced in fat tissue. It was originally thought to be involved only in the regulation of food intake and energy balance. We aimed to investigate the relationship of serum leptin levels with bone mineral density (BMD) and biochemical markers of bone turnover in patients on hemodialysis (HD). This study included 72 patients (43 males and 29 females), whose mean age was 55.1 ± 11.4 years, mean body mass index was 23.13 ± 2.75 kg/m 2 and mean duration on HD was 5 ± 3.4 years. The BMD values were calculated using dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry (DEXA) at the femoral neck and lumbar spine. Blood samples were taken for leptin, intact parathyroid hormone (I-PTH), bone alkaline phosphatase (BAP), calcium (Ca), phosphate (P) and albumin. The leptin levels were higher in females than in males (22.3 ± 19.6 vs 20.8 ± 23), but this difference was not significant. The serum leptin level had a strong positive correlation with Ca levels in the female patients (r = 0.659 and P = 0.01) and a negative correlation with albumin levels (r = -0.461 and P = 0.01). No correlation was found with age, BMI, duration on dialysis, BMD and serum levels of PTH, BAP and P for the entire patient group or either gender separately. The serum leptin level was significantly lower in females with PTH >300 pg/mL when compared with patients with PTH = 100-300 pg/mL (86 ± 85 vs 47 ± 48) (P = 0.011).Women with BAP leptin than those with BAP 300-600 IU/L (P = 0.024). Women with Ca leptin levels compared with those with Ca levels of 8.5-10.5 mg/dL (P = 0.011). There was no significant difference between the two genders among variables such as age, BMI, duration on dialysis, serum leptin, I-PTH, Ca, P, BAP, albumin and BMD of the femoral neck and lumbar spine.

  4. Circulating Irisin Levels Are Not Regulated by Nutritional Status, Obesity, or Leptin Levels in Rodents.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Quiñones, Mar; Folgueira, Cintia; Sánchez-Rebordelo, Estrella; Al-Massadi, Omar

    2015-01-01

    Irisin is a cleaved and secreted fragment of fibronectin type III domain containing 5 (FNDC5) that is mainly released by skeletal muscle and was proposed to mediate the beneficial effects of exercise on metabolism. In the present study we aim to investigate the regulation of the circulating levels of irisin in obese animal models (diet-induced obese (DIO) rats and leptin-deficient (ob/ob) mice), as well as the influence of nutritional status and leptin. Irisin levels were measured by Enzyme-Linked Immunosorbent Assay (ELISA) and Radioimmunoassay (RIA). Serum irisin levels remained unaltered in DIO rats and ob/ob mice. Moreover, its circulating levels were also unaffected by fasting, leptin deficiency, and exogenous leptin administration in rodents. In spite of these negative results we find a negative correlation between irisin and insulin in DIO animals and a positive correlation between irisin and glucose under short-term changes in nutritional status. Our findings indicate that serum irisin levels are not modulated by different physiological settings associated to alterations in energy homeostasis. These results suggest that in rodents circulating levels of irisin are not involved in the pathophysiology of obesity and could be unrelated to metabolic status; however, further studies should clarify its precise role in states of glucose homeostasis imbalance.

  5. The change of plasma leptin level and its correlation study with insulin resistance or TNF-αin patients with congestive heart failure

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张金国; 杨娜; 高东升; 王学忠; 宋光耀; 王智华

    2004-01-01

    Objectives To determine the change of plasma leptin levels and the correlation between hyperleptinaemia and insulin resistance or TNF-o in patients with congestive heart failure (CHF). Methods The levels of plasma leptin, fasting plasma insulin (FINS) and TNF-α in 64 male patients with CHF and 30 healthy male people were measured by ELISA. Body mass index (BMI), waist/hip ratio (WHR) and insulin resistance index (Homa-IR) were calculated respectively. Results The plasma leptin levels in CHF group were higher compared with control group (P<0.001). There was a increased trend of plasma leptin levels in CHF group with the increase of NYHA class (rs=0.884, P<0.001); according to different etiology ,there was no significant difference of plasma leptin levels in CHF group (P>0.05); FINS,Homa-IR and TNF-o levels in CHF group were higher than in control group (all P<0.001); in CHF group plasma leptin levels correlated with FINS (r=0.652,P<0.001),Homa-IR (r=0.561,P<0.001) and TNF-α (r=0.629,P<0.001); in multiple stepwise regression analysis BMI, FINS and TNF-α were isolated factors affecting plasma leptin levels in CHF group, Y=-3.466+0.456 (BMI)+ 0.162 (FINS)+4.487(TNF-α), F=38.405,P<0.001. Conclusions plasma leptin levels were raised and correlated with disease severity in patients with CHF; FINS and TNF-α were isolated factor affecting plasma leptin level in CHF patients; hyperleptinaemia may play a role in the pathophysiology of CHF such as catabolic process and activation of neurohormonal.

  6. Evaluation of Salivary Leptin Levels in Healthy Subjects and Patients with Advanced Periodontitis

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Afshin Khorsand

    2016-08-01

    Full Text Available Objectives: Leptin is a hormone-like protein produced by the adipose tissue. It plays an important role in protection of host against inflammation and infection. Some studies have reported changes in leptin levels in the gingival crevicular fluid (GCF, saliva and blood serum of patients with periodontal disease compared to healthy individuals. The aim of the present study was to compare the salivary leptin levels in patients with advanced periodontitis and healthy individuals.Materials and Methods: In this case-control study, the salivary samples of healthy individuals and patients with advanced periodontitis with clinical attachment loss >5mm were obtained using a standardized method and the leptin levels were measured in the salivary samples by means of ELISA. The effects of the periodontal status and sex on the salivary leptin levels of both groups were statistically analyzed by two-way ANOVA.Results: The means ± standard deviation (SD of salivary leptin levels in healthy subjects and patients with advanced periodontitis were 34.27±6.88 and 17.87±5.89 pg/mL, respectively. Statistical analysis showed that the effect of sex on the salivary leptin levels was not significant (P=0.91, while the effect of advanced periodontitis on the salivary leptin levels was significant compared to healthy individuals (P<0.0001.Conclusions: In patients with advanced periodontitis, the salivary leptin levels were significantly lower compared to healthy individuals. Thus, assessment of salivary leptin can be done as a non-invasive and simple method to determine the susceptibility of patients to advanced periodontitis.

  7. Overnight hypoxic exposure and glucagon-like peptide-1 and leptin levels in humans

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Snyder, Eric M; Carr, Richard D; Deacon, Carolyn F

    2008-01-01

    Altitude exposure has been associated with loss of appetite and weight loss in healthy humans; however, the endocrine factors that contribute to these changes remain unclear. Leptin and glucagon-like peptide-1 (GLP-1) are peptide hormones that contribute to the regulation of appetite. Leptin...... increases with hypoxia; however, the influence of hypoxia on GLP-1 has not been studied in animals or humans to date. We sought to determine the influence of normobaric hypoxia on plasma leptin and GLP-1 levels in 25 healthy humans. Subjects ingested a control meal during normoxia and after 17 h of exposure...... to normobaric hypoxia (fraction of inspired oxygen of 12.5%, simulating approximately 4100 m). Plasma leptin was assessed before the meal, and GLP-1 was assessed premeal, at 20 min postmeal, and at 40 min postmeal. We found that hypoxia caused a significant elevation in plasma leptin levels (normoxia, 4.9 +/- 0...

  8. Higher-level Innovization

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Bandaru, Sunith; Tutum, Cem Celal; Deb, Kalyanmoy;

    2011-01-01

    we introduce the higher-level innovization task through an application of a manufacturing process simulation for the Friction Stir Welding (FSW) process where commonalities among two different Pareto-optimal fronts are analyzed. Multiple design rules are simultaneously deciphered from each front...

  9. Serum leptin levels in community acquired pneumonia (CAP) are related to nutritional status and not to acute phase reaction.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Díez, María-Luisa; Santolaria, Francisco; Tejera, Alicia; Alemán, María-Remedios; González-Reimers, Emilio; Milena, Antonio; de la Vega, María-José; Martínez-Riera, Antonio

    2008-05-01

    To determine whether leptin in patients with CAP acts as a nutritional or as an inflammatory marker and whether leptin plays any role regarding survival, we included 222 patients diagnosed of CAP, 142 men and 80 women, median age 74 years. We did not find significant differences in serum leptin levels between CAP patients and healthy controls, even after adjusting by BMI. Serum leptin levels were directly related with BMI, body fat and muscle mass and inversely related with inflammatory markers, including pro- and anti-inflammatory cytokines. Patients with positive blood cultures showed lower serum leptin and raised inflammatory markers. Although patients who died showed lower values of serum leptin, multivariate analysis showed that the prognostic value of low serum leptin levels depends on impaired nutritional status. In conclusion, we suggest that in CAP patients, leptin does not act as an inflammatory reactant but as a nutritional marker.

  10. Effect of long-term fasting and a subsequent meal on mRNA abundances of hypothalamic appetite regulators, central and peripheral leptin expression and plasma leptin levels in rainbow trout.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Jørgensen, Even H; Bernier, Nicholas J; Maule, Alec G; Vijayan, Mathilakath M

    2016-12-01

    Knowledge about neuroendocrine mechanisms regulating appetite in fish, including the role of leptin, is inconclusive. We investigated leptin mRNA abundance in various tissues, plasma leptin levels and the hypothalamic gene expression of putative orexigenic (neuropeptide Y and agouti-regulated peptide) and anorexigenic (melanocortin receptor, proopiomelanocortins (POMCs), cocaine- and amphetamine-regulated transcript and corticotropin-releasing factor) neuropeptides in relation to feeding status in rainbow trout (Oncorhynchus mykiss). Blood and tissues were first (Day 1) sampled from trout that had been fed or fasted for 4 months and the day after (Day 2) from fasted fish after they had been given a large meal, and their continuously fed counterparts. The fasted fish ate vigorously when they were presented a meal. There were no differences between fed, fasted and re-fed fish in hypothalamic neuropeptide transcript levels, except for pomca1 and pomcb, which were higher in fasted fish than in fed fish at Day 1, and which, for pomcb, decreased to the level in fed fish after the meal at Day 2. Plasma leptin levels did not differ between fasted, re-fed and fed fish. A higher leptina1 transcript level was seen in the belly flap of fasted fish than in fed fish, even after re-feeding on Day 2. The data do not reveal causative roles of the investigated brain neuropeptides, or leptin, in appetite regulation. It is suggested that the elevated pomc transcript levels provide a satiety signal that reduces energy expenditure during prolonged fasting. The increase in belly flap leptin transcript with fasting, which did not decrease upon re-feeding, indicates a tissue-specific role of leptin in long-term regulation of energy homeostasis. Copyright © 2015 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

  11. Acute disruption of leptin signaling in vivo leads to increased insulin levels and insulin resistance.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Levi, Jasna; Gray, Sarah L; Speck, Madeleine; Huynh, Frank K; Babich, Sandra L; Gibson, William T; Kieffer, Timothy J

    2011-09-01

    Leptin, an adipocyte-derived hormone, plays an essential role in the maintenance of normal body weight and energy expenditure, as well as glucose homeostasis. Indeed, leptin-deficient ob/ob mice are obese with profound hyperinsulinemia, insulin resistance, and often hyperglycemia. Interestingly, low doses of exogenous leptin can reverse the hyperinsulinemia and hyperglycemia in these animals without altering body weight. The hyperinsulinemia in ob/ob mice may result directly from the absence of leptin signaling in pancreatic β-cells and, in turn, contribute to both obesity and insulin resistance. Here, we acutely attenuated endogenous leptin signaling in normal mice with a polyethylene glycol (PEG)ylated mouse leptin antagonist (PEG-MLA) to determine the contribution of leptin signaling in the regulation of glucose homeostasis. PEG-MLA was either injected or continuously administered via osmotic minipumps for several days, and various metabolic parameters were assessed. PEG-MLA-treated mice had increased fasting and glucose-stimulated plasma insulin levels, decreased whole-body insulin sensitivity, elevated hepatic glucose production, and impaired insulin-mediated suppression of hepatic glucose production. Moreover, PEG-MLA treatment resulted in increased food intake and increased respiratory quotient without significantly altering energy expenditure or body composition as assessed by the lean:lipid ratio. Our findings indicate that alterations in insulin sensitivity occur before changes in the lean:lipid ratio and energy expenditure during the acute disruption of endogenous leptin signaling.

  12. Lipometer subcutaneous adipose tissue topography (SAT-Top) reflects serum leptin levels varying in circadian rhythms

    Science.gov (United States)

    Moeller, Reinhard; Tafeit, Erwin; Sudi, Karl; Vrecko, Karoline; Horejsi, Renate; Hinghofer-Szalkay, Helmut G.; Reibnegger, Gilbert

    1998-05-01

    Recent advances in obesity research have shown that the product of the ob-gene named leptin is related to total body fast mass in humans. There is, however, a debate if leptin levels are pulsatile and linked to body fat distribution. In this study we therefore investigated the subcutaneous adipose tissue topography (SAT-Top) measured by means of the newly developed device Lipometer and leptin levels during a 24 hours beginning at 0715am ending the same time in the next day. Blood samples for measurement of leptin were taken every 3 hours in a male subject. Measurements of SAT-Top were performed at 15 body sites from neck to calf at the left and right body site at the same time interval. We observed an almost symmetrically reaction of the left and right body site with a maximum of the mean value of all body sites in the evening at 0715pm. There was a negative correlation between serum leptin levels and SAT-Top using the set of certain body sites (R2 equals 0.80, p equals 0.01). If these combination of body sites is inversed and set against serum leptin levels, both curves show almost identical shape and time dependence. We conclude that SAT-Top by means of Lipometer is changed in a short time and related to leptin levels in the investigated male subject.

  13. Insulin elevates leptin secretion and mRNA levels via cyclic AMP in 3T3-L1 adipocytes deprived of glucose

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Tomomi Tsubai

    2016-11-01

    Conclusion: Insulin alone stimulates leptin secretion and elevates leptin mRNA levels via cAMP under the lack of glucose metabolism, while glucose is a significant and ambivalent effector on the insulin effects of leptin.

  14. Ethnic differences in leptin and adiponectin levels between Greenlandic Inuit and Danish children

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Thor Munch-Andersen

    2013-08-01

    Full Text Available Objective. In a recent study, we found that Greenlandic Inuit children had a more adverse metabolic profile than Danish children. Aerobic fitness and adiposity could only partly account for the differences. Therefore, we set out to evaluate and compare plasma leptin and adiponectin levels in Danish and Inuit children. Methods. In total, 187 Inuit and 132 Danish children (5.7–17.1 years had examinations of anthropometrics, body fat content, pubertal staging, fasting blood and aerobic fitness. Results. Plasma leptin was higher in Danish boys [3,774 (4,741–3,005] [pg/mL unadjusted geometric mean (95% CI] compared to both northern [2,076 (2,525–1,706] (p<0.001 and southern (2,515 (3,137–2,016 (p<0.001 living Inuit boys and higher in Danish girls [6,988 (8,353–5,847] compared to southern living Inuit girls [4,910 (6,370–3,785] (p=0.021 and tended to be higher compared to northern living Inuit girls [5,131 (6,444–4,085] (p=0.052. Plasma adiponectin was higher for both Danish boys [22,359 (2,573–19,428] [ng/mL unadjusted geometric mean (95% CI] and girls [26,609 (28,994–24,420] compared to southern living Inuit boys [15,306 (18,406–12,728] and girls [18,864 (22,640–15,717] (both p<0.001, respectively. All differences remained after adjustment for body fat percentage (BF%, aerobic fitness, age and puberty. The leptin/adiponectin ratio was higher in Danish boys and tended to be higher in Danish girls compared to northern living Inuit boys and girls, respectively. These differences were eliminated after adjustment for BF%, aerobic fitness, age and puberty. Conclusions. In contrast to our hypothesis, plasma leptin was higher in Danish children despite a more healthy metabolic profile compared to Inuit children. As expected, plasma adiponectin was lowest in Inuit children with the most adverse metabolic profile.

  15. Monitoring leptin activity using the chicken leptin receptor.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hen, Gideon; Yosefi, Sera; Ronin, Ana; Einat, Paz; Rosenblum, Charles I; Denver, Robert J; Friedman-Einat, Miriam

    2008-05-01

    We report on the construction of a leptin bioassay based on the activation of chicken leptin receptor in cultured cells. A human embryonic kidney (HEK)-293 cell line, stably transfected with the full-length cDNA of chicken leptin receptor together with a STAT3-responsive reporter gene specifically responded to recombinant human and Xenopus leptins. The observed higher sensitivity of chicken leptin receptor to the former is in agreement with the degree of sequence similarity among these species (about 60 and 38% identical amino acids between humans and chickens, and between humans and Xenopus respectively). The specific activation of signal transduction through the chicken leptin receptor, shown here for the first time, suggests that the transition of Gln269 (implicated in the Gln-to-Pro Zucker fatty mutation in rats) to Glu in chickens does not impair its activity. Analysis of leptin-like activity in human serum samples of obese and lean subjects coincided well with leptin levels determined by RIA. Serum samples of pre- and post partum cows showed a tight correlation with the degree of adiposity. However, specific activation of the chicken leptin receptor in this assay was not observed with serum samples from broiler or layer chickens (representing fat and lean phenotypes respectively) or with those from turkey. Similar leptin receptor activation profiles were observed with cells transfected with human leptin receptor. Further work is needed to determine whether the lack of leptin-like activity in the chicken serum samples is due to a lack of leptin in this species or simply to a serum level of leptin that is below the detection threshold.

  16. Physical activity energy expenditure may mediate the relationship between plasma leptin levels and worsening insulin resistance independently of adiposity.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Franks, P W; Loos, R J F; Brage, S; O'Rahilly, S; Wareham, N J; Ekelund, U

    2007-05-01

    Leptin regulates a constellation of neuroendocrine processes that control energy homeostasis. The infusion of leptin in rodents lacking endogenous leptin promotes physical activity energy expenditure (PAEE) and improves insulin signaling, whereas hyperleptinemia is associated with physical inactivity and insulin resistance (IR). We tested whether baseline leptin levels predict changes in PAEE and IR over time, independent of obesity. We also assessed whether the relationship between leptin and change in IR is mediated by PAEE. The population consisted of 288 nondiabetic UK Caucasian adults (mean age: 49.4 yr; SD: 0.7 yr), in whom leptin, insulin, glucose, PAEE (via heart rate monitoring with individual calibration by indirect calorimetry), and anthropometric characteristics had been measured at baseline and 5 yr later. In linear regression models, baseline leptin levels inversely predicted follow-up PAEE (P = 0.033). On average, individuals with low leptin levels (below sex-specific median) increased their daily activity 35% more during the 5-yr follow-up period than those with above-median leptin levels. Baseline leptin level also predicted worsening IR (fasting, 30-min, and 2-h insulins, and homeostasis model assessment-IR; all P independent of potential confounders, such as adiposity, age, and sex. Including baseline PAEE as a cofactor in the leptin-insulin models reduced the strength (1-4% reduction) and significance of the associations, suggesting that PAEE mediates the leptin-insulin relationships. Hyperleptinemia predicts a relative decline in PAEE and worsening insulin resistance, possibly via shared molecular pathways.

  17. Relationships between changes in leptin and insulin resistance levels in obese individuals following weight loss

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Tsu-Nai Wang

    2013-08-01

    Full Text Available Obesity can augment insulin resistance (IR, leading to increased risk of diabetes and heart disease. Leptin, ghrelin, and various fatty acids present in the cell membrane may modulate IR. In this study, we aimed to investigate the impact of weight loss on IR, serum leptin/ghrelin levels, and erythrocyte fatty acids, and studied the associations between changes in these variables. A total of 35 obese (body mass index ≥ 27 adults participated in a weight loss program for 3 months. IR was assessed using homeostasis model assessment for insulin resistance (HOMA-IR. The obese participants had a mean weight loss of 5.6 ± 3.8 kg followed by a 16.7% and 23.3% reduction in HOMA-IR and leptin (p  0.05 levels. After adjusting for age, gender, changes in ghrelin, and body fat, we found a significant correlation between decreases in leptin and less risk of no improvement in HOMA-IR levels [odds ratio (OR = 0.69, p = 0.039]. In conclusion, a moderate weight reduction in obese participants over a short period significantly improved IR. This weight reduction concomitantly decreased serum leptin, increased ghrelin, and elevated some erythrocyte unsaturates. Only leptin correlated independently with IR improvement upon multivariable logistic regression analysis, which indicates that leptin may play a role in the modulation of IR following weight loss.

  18. Leptin Level and Skipping Breakfast: The National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey III (NHANES III)

    OpenAIRE

    Keiko Asao; Amandine Sambira Marekani; Jessica VanCleave; Amy E. Rothberg

    2016-01-01

    Skipping breakfast is a common dietary habit considered to be unhealthy. However, the mechanisms underlying skipping breakfast have not been fully explored. Leptin is a hormone that regulates food intake and energy storage and secretes in a diurnal rhythm with lowest levels in the morning. We examined the association between the serum leptin level and skipping breakfast in 5714 adults in the U.S. National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey III, 1988–1994. We defined breakfast as any food...

  19. Preoperative plasma leptin levels predict delirium in elderly patients after hip fracture surgery.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Chen, Xue-Wu; Shi, Jun-Wu; Yang, Ping-Shan; Wu, Zhu-Qi

    2014-07-01

    Leptin is considered to be a modulator of the immune response. Hypoleptinemia increases the risk for Alzheimer's disease and vascular dementia. The present study aimed to investigate the ability of plasma leptin level to predict delirium in elderly patients after hip fracture surgery. Postoperative delirium (pod) was evaluated using the Confusion Assessment Method. Prolonged postoperative delirium (ppod) was defined as delirium lasting more than 4 weeks. Plasma leptin levels of 186 elderly patients and 186 elderly controls were measured by an enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay. Plasma leptin level was substantially lower in patients than in controls (4.6±2.2ng/ml vs. 7.5±1.8ng/ml, Pdelirium and also prolonged delirium in elderly patients after hip fracture surgery.

  20. Leptin reduces plasma ANP level via nitric oxide-dependent mechanism.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Yuan, Kuichang; Yu, Jiahua; Shah, Amin; Gao, Shan; Kim, Sun Young; Kim, Sung Zoo; Park, Byung-Hyun; Kim, Suhn Hee

    2010-04-01

    Leptin is a circulating adipocyte-derived hormone that influences blood pressure (BP) and metabolism. This study was designed to define the possible role of leptin in regulation of the atrial natriuretic peptide (ANP) system using acute and chronic experiments. Intravenous infusion of rat leptin (250 microg/kg injection plus 2 microg.kg(-1).min(-1) for 20 min) into Sprague-Dawley rats increased BP by 25 mmHg and decreased plasma level of ANP from 80.3 +/- 3.45 to 51.8 +/- 3.3 pg/ml. Reserpinization attenuated the rise in BP, but not the reduction of plasma ANP during leptin infusion. N(omega)-nitro-l-arginine methyl ester prevented the effects of leptin on the reduction of ANP level. In hyperleptinemic rats that received adenovirus containing rat leptin cDNA (AdCMV-leptin), BP increased during first 2 days and then recovered to control value. Plasma concentration of ANP and expression of ANP mRNA, but not of atrial ANP, in hyperleptinemic rats were lower than in the control groups on the first and second week after administration of AdCMV-leptin. These effects were not observed by the pretreatment with N(omega)-nitro-l-arginine methyl ester. No differences in renal function and ANP receptor density in the kidney were found between hyperleptinemic and control rats. Basal ANP secretion and isoproterenol-induced suppression of ANP secretion from isolated, perfused atria of hyperleptinemic rats were not different from those of other control groups. These data suggest that leptin inhibits ANP secretion indirectly through nitric oxide without changing basal or isoproterenol-induced ANP secretion.

  1. The relation between serum leptin levels and max VO2 in male patients with type I diabetes and healthy sedentary males.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Unal, Mehmet; Unal, Durisehvar Ozer; Salman, Fatih; Baltaci, Abdulkerim Kasim; Mogulkoc, Rasim

    2004-08-01

    This study aimed at investigating leptin levels in male diabetes type I patients who were on insulin treatment and also healthy sedentary males. The study included 10 male type I diabetes patients and 17 healthy sedentary males. Leptin levels of type I diabetes patients and healthy sedentary males with body mass index (BMI) over 25 kg/m2 were evaluated separately. The relation between serum leptin, max VO2, blood lactic acid levels before and after exercise, and effort durations of participants were investigated. At the end of the tests, no difference was found between leptin levels, max VO2 values, lactic acid values before exercise, and test durations of male type I diabetes patients and healthy sedentary males (p > .05), whereas lactic acid levels after exercise were found to be lower in healthy sedentary males (p max VO2 values and test durations were higher in the group with BMI below 25 kg/m2 (p < .05). In conclusion, leptin levels of male type I diabetes patients are close to those of healthy sedentary males. The increase in leptin levels in both groups is in proportion to the BMI of individuals.

  2. Effect of intestinal ischemia/reperfusion injury on leptin and orexin-A levels

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    LIN Ji; YAN Guangtao; GAO Xiaoning; LIAO Jie; HAO Xiuhua; ZHANG Kai

    2007-01-01

    The aim of this paper is to explore the effect of intestinal ischemia/reperfusion (I/R) injury on leptin and orexin-A levels in peripheral blood and central secretory tissues,and to examine the roles of leptin and orexin-A in acute inflammatory responses.An intestinal I/R injury model of rats was made;the rats were grouped according to the time of after 60 rnin ischemia.Radioimmunoassay was employed to detect the levels of leptin in serum and adipose tissue and orexin-A levels in plasma and hypothalamus.Reverse transcriptase-polymerase chain reaction was used to detect mRNA expressions of adipose leptin and hypothalamus orexin-A.Compared with the levels before the injury,serum leptin in 60 rain ischemia/30 rain reperfusion (I60'R30) group decreased and that of I60'R360' group increased.Compared with sham-operation group (sham group) after injury,serum leptin level of I60aq360' group increased,adipose leptin levels of I60'R30' and I60'R90' decreased,and adipose leptin in I60'R360' group increased.After the injury,adipose leptin mRNA expressions of I60'30',I60'R240' and I60'R360' increased,whereas that of I60'R150' group decreased as compared with the sham group.There was no significant difference in the protein levels of orexin-A,either between plasma and hypothalamus or between pro- and post-I/R injury.Compared with sham group,hypothalamus orexin-A mRNA expressions of I60'R30' and I60'90'decreased gradually after the injury,with that of I60'R150'group reaching the lowest,and those of I60'R240' andI60'R360' recovering gradually,although they were still significantly lower than that of sham group.Leptin and orexin-A respond to intestinal I/R injury in a time-dependent manner,with leptin responding more quickly than orexin-A does,and both of them may contribute to the metabolic disorders in acute inflammation.

  3. Serum prolactin, leptin, lipids and lipoproteins levels during antipsychotics treatment in Parkinson's disease and related psychosis.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rustembegovic, Avdo; Sofic, Emin; Wichart, Ildiko

    2006-01-01

    Weight gain is a common adverse effect associated with the use of most typical and atypical antipsychotic. Aim of this study was to investigate serum prolactin, leptin, cholesterol, triglyceride, lipoproteins, such high density lipoprotein (HDL), and low density lipoprotein (LDL) levels in patients with Parkinson's disease (PD)-related psychosis during long-term medication with atypical antipsychotic. The study population comprised 40 patients, who were divided into 4 groups: olanzapine (n=10), risperidone (n=10), seroquel (n=10) monotherapy, a group of 10 patients receiving only antiparkinson drugs and a control group of 8 healthy persons. The patients were evaluated at baseline and at the sixth and twelfth week according to the Positive and Negative Syndrome Scale (PANSS), body mass index (BMI), and fasting serum prolactin, leptin, lipids and lipoproteins levels. Treatment of patients with olanzapine caused marked increase of serum LDL, cholesterol, triglyceride, and leptin levels (p<0,02). No changes in HDL concentrations. There was positive relationship between serum leptin, lipid levels and BMI. However, treatment of patients with seroquel did not cause changes in serum prolactin, leptin, lipids, and lipoproteins levels. Our results suggest that treatment of patients with PD-related psychosis with seroquel appears to have minimal influence on serum leptin, prolactin, lipids, lipoproteins and BMI compared with olanzapine and risperidone.

  4. Are serum leptin levels a prognostic factor in advanced lung cancer?

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    Anar, C; Deniz, D; Erol, S; Batum, O; Bicmen, C; Yilmaz, U

    2017-01-01

    The aim of the present study was to evaluate pre-treatment concentrations of leptin in patients with advanced lung cancer and to investigate possible associations between their levels and clinicopathological variables, response to therapy and overall survival. There are 71 previously untreated patients with cytological or histological evidence of primary lung cancer who were admitted to the oncology department between November 2013 and August 2014. Forty-five healthy individuals with age, sex and BMI matching the lung cancer patients, were recruited to take part in the study as a control group. Leptin levels were measured quantitatively by using a microELISA kit. The serum leptin levels at diagnosis were significantly lower in lung cancer patients than those in control subjects (4.75±4.91 ng/ml, 9.67±8.02 ng/ml; pleptin values related to clinicopathological parameters such as ECOG PS, weight loss, histological type, disease stage and TNM classification. Nevertheless, we demonstrated a significant correlation between serum leptin levels and BMI in lung cancer patients (correlation coefficient: 0.303; p>0.010). The analysis of serum leptin values did not show any association with the overall survival of the patients. Our results showed that the serum leptin level has no prognostic indications in advanced lung cancer patients. Leptin is decreased in lung cancer, and there is lack of correlation with tumour‑related factors including prognosis. Therefore, leptin is not a useful clinical marker in lung cancer (Tab. 2, Fig. 2, Ref. 22).

  5. Correlation of serum leptin levels with anthropometric and metabolic parameters and biochemical liver function in Chinese patients with chronic hepatitis C virus infection

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    Zheng-Wen Liu; Ni Zhang; Qun-Ying Han; Jun-Tao Zeng; Yong-Lie Chu; Jian-Ming Qiu; Ya-Wen Wang; Lie-Ting Ma; Xiao-Qin Wang

    2005-01-01

    AIM: To determine serum leptin levels and investigate their correlations with anthropometric and metabolic parameters and biochemical liver function in patients with chronic hepatitis C virus (HCV) infection and their potential clinical implications.METHODS: Forty-two chronic HCV-infected patients without anti-viral treatment were enrolled in this study, 30 patients had chronic hepatitis C, 10 had cirrhosis, and 2 had hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC). Thirty age- and sex-matched healthy individuals served as controls. Serum leptin levels were determined by ELISA. The biochemical liver function and serum lipids were determined at the same time. The height and body weight of patients and controls were measured, and body mass index (BMI) and body fat were calculated simultaneously. The correlations of serum leptin levels with anthropometric and metabolic parameters and biochemical liver function were assessed statistically.RESULTS: The mean of serum leptin levels in patients with chronic hepatitis C, HCV-associated cirrhosis, HCVassociated HCC and control groups was (6.13±3.94),(5.25±4.21), (4.17±0.28), and (3.59±3.44) ng/mL, respectively. The serum leptin level in patients with chronic hepatitis C was significantly higher than that in controls. The serum leptin levels between cirrhotic patients and controls and between male and female cirrhotic patients had no significant difference. Serum leptin levels were positively-correlated with body fat, BMI, and apolipoprotein B (Apo B) in patients with chronic HCV infection. The serum alanine aminotransferase (ALT) levels were closelycorrelated with BMI in patients with chronic hepatitis C. CONCLUSION: HCV infection interferes with fat and lipid metabolism in patients with chronic HCV infection and leptin may play a role in hepatosteatosis.

  6. Lack of association between plasma leptin levels and appetite in children with iron deficiency.

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    Topaloglu, A K; Hallioglu, O; Canim, A; Duzovali, O; Yilgor, E

    2001-01-01

    A negative correlation between leptin and appetite or food intake has been shown in healthy individuals. However, the role of leptin in clinical conditions characterized by anorexia has not been established. One of the well-known clinical features of iron-deficiency anemia is poor appetite. We examined the changes in plasma leptin levels in relation to expected improvement in appetite with iron treatment in children with iron deficiency. In 24 infants and small children (mean age +/- standard deviation = 19.6 +/- 7.7 months) with iron deficiency, we studied plasma leptin levels before and after iron therapy. After 15.0 +/- 2.4 wk of iron treatment, serum ferritin levels improved significantly, with accompanying increases in their subjective appetite scores and food intakes. However, as their mean age and plasma leptin levels adjusted their body mass indexes were unchanged. Serum ferritin correlated significantly with appetite score (r = 0.680, P appetite in iron-deficient children treated with iron suggests a leptin-independent mechanism for the observed increase in appetite.

  7. The Appearance of a Leptin Effect on Glucose Absorption in Caco2 Cells Depends on Their Differentiation Level

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    Ola El-Zein

    2015-08-01

    Full Text Available Backdround/Aims: The aim of this work was to study the effect and mechanism of action of leptin added apically, on glucose absorption, using Caco-2 cells as a model. Methods: Cells were grown on inserts and treated with leptin, at different time points after confluence. Radiolabelled glucose was added to the upper chamber and samples from the lower chamber were collected and assayed for radioactivity. Results: Glucose absorption increased with an increase in the level of differentiation and was associated with an increase in the protein expression level of glucose transporters. Leptin reduced glucose absorption only by day 16 after confluence, the time at which apical leptin receptors started appearing. This inhibitory effect became higher the longer the post confluence period, and was prominent on day 23. The hormone effect was found to be mediated via a decrease in the number of glucose transporters (SGLT1 and GLUT2 and a decrease in the activity of the Na+/K+ ATPase which was assayed by measuring the amount of inorganic phosphate liberated in presence and absence of enzyme activators. Conclusion: It was concluded that by day 23 post confluence, Caco-2 cells are differentiated and are appropriate to use as a model for intestinal transport studies.

  8. Relationship between serum leptin level and cardiovascular, nutrtional risk factors in non-diabetic hemodialysis.

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    Hyung-Jong Kim

    2012-06-01

    Full Text Available Many studies showed that obesity was associated with high level of serum leptin, hyperhomocysteinemia, and insulin resistance in general population. Obesity is associated with various cardiovascular and metabolic complications. However, in end stage renal failure, it has been reported that obesity is associated with a favorable survival of patients. The purpose of this observational study was to investigate the relationship between serum leptin level increased at obesity and cardiovascular, nutritional traditional markers, and the comparison of patient’s survival for 5 years according to obesity in non-diabetic hemodialysis. A cross-sectional study was performed in obese and non-obese subjects according to body mass index. Fifteen obese patients (BMI≥25 kg/m2 and 29 non-obese patients (BMI<25 kg/m2 were studied. For each subject, blood was sampled for measurement of serum leptin, insulin resistance, C-reactive protein (CRP and nutritional parameters before hemodialysis. Insulin resistance was calculated by HOMA-IR. Linear regression analysis was performed to determine the relationship among insulin resistance, serum leptin level and nutritional parameters. In results, serum leptin level was significant positive correlated with BMI, nPCR, pre-albumin and HOMA-IR (p<0.05. Serum leptin level was significant negative correlated with tCO2 and CRP (p<0.05. Five years survival by Kaplan-Meier analysis was more favorable in obese group but did not show statistical significance (p=0.053. In conclusion, serum leptin level was associated with obesity and good nutrition status. But in view of positive correlation of HOMA-IR, serum leptin level may be associated with cardiovascular complication in non-diabetic hemodialysis patients. Therefore, we thought that serum leptin level may be a good nutritional marker and a cardiovascular risk factor. We thought that the further study for the proper leptin level will be needed and help the improvement of

  9. Treatment of obese asthma in a mouse model by simvastatin is associated with improving dyslipidemia and decreasing leptin level.

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    Han, Wei; Li, Jun; Tang, Huaping; Sun, Lixin

    2017-03-04

    Obesity can cause or worsen asthma. Compared with common asthma, obese asthma is difficult to control. Statins are effective serum cholesterol-lowering agents in clinical practice, and they also have anti-inflammatory properties, which in theory are potentially beneficial in asthma. Many studies have shown that simvastatin has good therapeutic effect in animal models of asthma. However, the therapeutic effect and action mechanism of simvastatin for obese asthma remain unclear. Leptin, a satiety hormone, is in positive correlation with total body fat mass and may also play a significant role in the pathogenesis of asthma. In this study, we use the method of high-fat diet and ovalbumin (OVA) sensitization and challenge to establish the mouse model of obesity and asthma, and find that obese asthmatic mice has higher levels of glucose, lipid and leptin in serum, and neutrophil percentage in bronchoalveolar lavage fluid (BALF), and more severe airway inflammation and structural changes in lung tissues than non-obese asthmatic mice, and respond poorly to dexamethasone treatment, which indicates that obese asthma might belong to steroid-resistant (SR) asthma. Simvastatin treatment reduces the levels of glucose, lipid, leptin and neutrophil percentage, and improves airway inflammation and remodeling, which can be as a potential therapeutic target used in the treatment of obese asthma in humans. Correlation analysis shows that there is positive correlation between neutrophil percentage and serum leptin/cholesterol level, which indicates that the therapeutic efficacy of simvastatin on obese asthma might be associated with improving dyslipidemia and decreasing leptin level. Copyright © 2017 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

  10. Effects of acute changes in neonatal leptin levels on food intake and long-term metabolic profiles in rats.

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    Granado, Miriam; García-Cáceres, Cristina; Fuente-Martín, Esther; Díaz, Francisca; Mela, Virginia; Viveros, Maria-Paz; Argente, Jesús; Chowen, Julie A

    2011-11-01

    In rodents there is a rise in serum leptin levels between postnatal days (PND) 5 and 14, with this neonatal leptin surge reported to modulate the maturation of hypothalamic circuits involved in appetite regulation. We hypothesized that acute changes in neonatal leptin levels have different long-term metabolic effects depending on how and when this surge is modified. To advance the timing of the normal leptin peak, male Wistar rats were injected with leptin (sc, 3 μg/g) on PND 2. To ablate the leptin peak on PND 10, a pegylated leptin antagonist (sc, 9 μg/g) was injected. Controls received vehicle. All rats were allowed to eat ad libitum until PND 150. Increased leptin on PND 2 reduced food intake (P<0.01) after 3 months of age with no effect on body weight. Levels of total ghrelin were reduced (P<0.001) and acylated ghrelin increased (P<0.05), with no other modifications in metabolic hormones. In contrast, treatment with the leptin antagonist on PND 9 did not affect food intake but reduced body weight beginning around PND 60 (P<0.02). This was associated with a reduction in fat mass, insulin (P<0.01), and leptin (P<0.007) levels and an increase in testosterone levels (P<0.01). Hypothalamic neuropeptide Y (P<0.05) and leptin receptor (P<0.005) mRNA levels were reduced, whereas mRNA levels for uncoupling protein 2 (P<0.005) were increased in visceral fat, which may indicate an increase in energy expenditure. In conclusion, acute changes in neonatal leptin levels induce different metabolic profiles depending on how and when leptin levels are modified.

  11. The relationships of leptin, adiponectin levels and paraoxonase activity with metabolic and cardiovascular risk factors in females treated with psychiatric drugs

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    Aliye Ozenoglu

    2008-01-01

    Full Text Available OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to investigate serum leptin, adiponectin and paraoxonase1 levels in adult females receiving pharmacotherapy for various psychiatric disorders. METHODS: The study group consisted of 32 obese females (mean age 40.53 ± 11.00 years, mean body mass index 35.44 ± 5.33 kg/m² who were receiving treatment for psychiatric disorders, and the control group included 22 obese females (mean age 35.95 ± 9.16 years, mean body mass index 30.78 ± 3.33 kg/m² who were free of psychiatric disorders. Analyses were performed using a bioelectrical impedance device. Fasting blood samples were obtained for complete blood count and various biochemical tests, including determination of leptin, adiponectin and paraoxonase1 activity. RESULTS: Body mass index, waist and hip circumference, body fat percentage, fasting blood glucose, insulin, glycosylated hemoglobin, homeostasis model assesment of insulin resistance, alanine transaminase, aspartate tarnsaminase, and leptin levels were significantly higher in the study group than in controls. Although body weight was positively correlated with leptin levels in both groups, body weight was negatively correlated with adiponectin levels in the control group and positively correlated with adiponectin levels in the study group. In the study group, body mass index and hip circumference correlated positively with leptin levels, hip circumference correlated positively with adiponectin levels, and waist to hip ratio correlated positively with paraoxonase levels. In the control group, body mass index as well as waist and hip circumferences were positively correlated with leptin levels. Weight, body mass index, and hip circumference were also negatively correlated with the adiponectin/leptin ratio in the control group. CONCLUSION: This study indicates a higher risk for obesity-related disorders, particularly metabolic syndrome, diabetes and cardiovascular disease, in patients treated with

  12. Postnatal changes of leptin levels in full-term and preterm neonates: their relation to intrauterine growth, gender and testosterone.

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    Ertl, T; Funke, S; Sárkány, I; Szabó, I; Rascher, W; Blum, W F; Sulyok, E

    1999-03-01

    The present study was carried out to investigate leptin levels in arterial and venous cord serum and in amniotic fluid in full-term infants at birth and on the 5th postnatal day to define the relationship of leptin to intrauterine growth rate, gender and early postnatal life. The relation of weight gain to serum leptin levels in male preterm infants was determined measuring leptin concentration weekly in the first 5 postnatal weeks. Testosterone levels were determined simultaneously to explore a possible relationship between leptin and testosterone concentrations. Fifty-three term newborn infants with mean birth weight and gestational age of 3,419 g (range 2,150-4,480) and 38.9 weeks (range 36-41) and 19 preterm male infants (mean birth weight and gestational age were 1,416 g (770-1,800) and 30.2 weeks (26-35) were enrolled into the study. Leptin and testosterone levels were determined by radioimmunoassay. It was demonstrated that serum leptin levels were markedly elevated in the cord blood without discernible arteriovenous differences. Cord blood leptin was found to correlate with birth weight (r = 0.40, p fall by the 5th postnatal day (p preterm infants at 1 week of age was significantly lower compared with term infants (p preterm male infants serum leptin concentration increases with postnatal weight and testosterone may suppress leptin synthesis.

  13. Serum adiponectin and leptin levels are useful markers for prostate cancer screening after adjustments for age, obesity-related factors, and prostate volume.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Nishimura, K; Soda, T; Nakazawa, S; Yamanaka, K; Hirai, T; Kishikawa, H; Ichikawa, Y

    2012-09-01

    Adiponectin and leptin, polypeptide hormones produced by adipocytes, have recently been reported to be associated with prostate cancer risk, though, the relationship remains poorly understood. We examined the association of adiponectin and leptin levels in serum with prostate cancer risk after adjustments for age, obesity-related factors, and prostate cancer risk. Fifty-four prostate cancer patients and 70 control subjects provided blood sampled between 2008 and 2009. Using those, we determined serum adiponectin and leptin levels, and evaluated their relationships with prostate cancer risk after adjustments for age, obesity-related factors (body weight, body mass index, waist circumference), and prostate volume. Adipokine densities were calculated by dividing serum level with prostate volume. There were no differences for median serum adiponectin and leptin levels between the prostate cancer and benign control groups (P=0.22 and 0.78, respectively). Patients with levels of both adipokines in the highest quartile after adjustment for age had significantly higher risks of prostate cancer (adiponectin: odds ratio [OR] 2.79, P=0.014; leptin: OR 2.72, P=0.027). Patients with an adiponectin level greater than the median after adjustment for body weight also had a significantly elevated risk of prostate cancer (OR 2.22, P=0.031), whereas, those with a leptin level significantly greater than the median had a significantly lower risk (OR 0.46, P=0.027). Furthermore, median adiponectin density was significantly higher in the prostate cancer group than the benign group (P=0.0033). Serum adiponectin and leptin levels are useful markers for prostate cancer risk after adjustments for age, obesity-related factors, and prostate volume.

  14. Leptin level in plasma of lactating buffaloes fed two diets with different energy and protein concentrations

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    A. Parmeggiani

    2011-03-01

    Full Text Available Leptin, a protein mainly secreted from the white adipocytes, has been shown to contribute to the regulation of energy metabolism, feeding behaviour and whole body energy balance. Moreover, leptin gene activity and leptin secretion are correlated with body adiposity and changes in food intake. Furthermore, leptin could also modulate endocrine response to changes in nutritional status and/or tissue sensitivity to hormones (Houseknecht et al., 1998; Romsos, 1998. Several factors are known to influence plasma leptin in rodents and humans: particularly it increases by body fatness, insulin, glucocorticoids, estrogens and decreases by food deprivation (Saladin et al., 1995; Ahima et al., 1996; Shimizu et al., 1997. These ones and several other observations have led to the hypothesis that leptin is a signal arising from adipose tissue, linked to the level of fat reserves and/or the nutritional status. This signal directly influences the central nervous system and peripheral organs, resulting in a better adaptation of body metabolism and physiological functions to the availability of metabolic energy...........

  15. Leptin levels are negatively correlated with 2-arachidonoylglycerol in the cerebrospinal fluid of patients with osteoarthritis.

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    James Nicholson

    Full Text Available There is compelling evidence in humans that peripheral endocannabinoid signaling is disrupted in obesity. However, little is known about the corresponding central signaling. Here, we have investigated the relationship between gender, leptin, body mass index (BMI and levels of the endocannabinoids anandamide (AEA and 2-arachidonoylglycerol (2-AG in the serum and cerebrospinal fluid (CSF of primarily overweight to obese patients with osteoarthritis.Patients (20 females, 15 males, age range 44-78 years, BMI range 24-42 undergoing total knee arthroplasty for end-stage osteoarthritis were recruited for the study. Endocannabinoids were quantified by liquid chromatography - mass spectrometry. AEA and 2-AG levels in the serum and CSF did not correlate with either age or BMI. However, 2-AG levels in the CSF, but not serum, correlated negatively with CSF leptin levels (Spearman's ρ -0.48, P=0.0076, n=30. No such correlations were observed for AEA and leptin.In the patient sample investigated, there is a negative association between 2-AG and leptin levels in the CSF. This is consistent with pre-clinical studies in animals, demonstrating that leptin controls the levels of hypothalamic endocannabinoids that regulate feeding behavior.

  16. Lower serum leptin levels in female students of the nutritional sciences with eating disorders.

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    Frey, Joachim; Neuhäuser-Berthold, Monika; Elis, Stefanie A; Duncker, Simone; Rose, Frederike; Blum, Werner F; Remschmidt, Helmut; Geller, Frank; Hebebrand, Johannes

    2003-06-01

    Evidence has accumulated that in both acutely ill and recovered patients with either anorexia or bulimia nervosa circulating leptin levels (LL) are lower than in controls matched for body mass index (BMI; kg/m(2)). It is unknown if these lower leptin levels represent a state or trait marker. We aimed to confirm the lowered leptin levels in eating disordered females and to identify underlying mechanisms. We screened 181 female students of the nutritional sciences for eating disorders with the respective module of the M-Composite International Diagnostic Interview and the Cognitive Restraint scale of the Three Factor Eating Questionnaire. The physical assessment included determinations of BMI, body composition and LL. Each case fulfilling lifetime DSM-IV criteria for an eating disorder was BMI matched to two controls. We used a multivariate mixed regression model to evaluate if the observed difference in lg(10)-leptin level between cases and controls is actually due to the influence of restrained eating and/or previous weight loss after adjustment for BMI and percent body fat. In accordance with our hypothesis the 32 (17.7 %) cases had a lower serum lg(10)-leptin level than the 64 BMI matched controls (one-sided p nutritional sciences.

  17. Comparison of the Blood Level OF Leptin in Umbilical Cord of Newborns of Mothers With Gestational Diabetes and Normal Mothers and Its Relationship With Growth Indices of Newborns

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    Aramesh

    2015-09-01

    Full Text Available Background Diabetes is defined as an abnormal increase in blood glucose levels and is the most common disease that can complicate pregnancy. Leptin, a hormone produced mainly in adipose tissue, plays an important role in preventing fat accumulation in tissues such as skeletal muscle and myocardium and can be used to evaluate changes in lipid levels effectively. Leptin cannot cross the placental barrier, and its level in the umbilical cord is of fetal origin. Objectives Due to the lack of similar studies in Ahvaz, we aimed to determine the relationship between umbilical blood levels of this hormone with growth indices of newborns with normal mothers and mothers with gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM. Materials and Methods After delivery and using the aseptic method, 5 mL of blood from the umbilical vein was taken immediately by staffs to separate serum and was then stored at −20°C. Serum level of leptin was measured using the Elisa method in two groups: “case” and “control.” All information collected in the questionnaires was analyzed using SPSS-19 software as well as other statistical methods. Results Serum leptin levels in the cord blood of mothers with GDM were significantly higher than in normal mothers. There was a significant relationship between serum leptin levels and birth weight in infants with diabetic mothers. In this study, no significant correlation was observed between cord leptin levels and other growth indices. Conclusions Changes in neonatal leptin levels can reflect changes in the body fat tissue and neonatal birth weight and could be effective in predicting weight gain in newborns with mothers who have gestational diabetes and may reduce birth trauma or future complications.

  18. The Effects of Reduction Mammaplasty on Serum Leptin Levels and Insulin Resistance

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    Hakan Uzun

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available Background. The reduction mammaplasty has been a well-executed and known procedure in which considerable amount of fatty tissue is removed from the body. The authors aimed to show the effects of the reduction mammaplasty on serum leptin levels and insulin resistance. Methods. 42 obese female patients who had gigantomastia were operated on. We recorded patients’ demographic and preoperative data, including age, weight, height, and body mass index. Fasting serum leptin, glucose, and insulin levels were noted. Homeostasis model assessment scores were calculated. At the postoperative 8th week, patients were reevaluated in terms of above parameters assessing the presence of any difference. Results. Serum leptin levels were decreased postoperatively and the decrease was statistically significant. We were able to show a decrease in homeostasis model assessment score, which indicated an increase in insulin sensitivity, and this change was statistically significant. A significant correlation between body mass index and leptin change was found postoperatively. Conclusion. Reduction mammaplasty is not solely an aesthetic procedure but it decreases serum leptin levels and increases insulin sensitivity, which may help obese women to reduce their cardiovascular risk.

  19. Effects of glucocorticoids on leptin levels and eating behaviour in women.

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    Uddén, J; Björntorp, P; Arner, P; Barkeling, B; Meurling, L; Rössner, S

    2003-02-01

    Long-term treatment with glucocorticoids induces weight gain and increased risk to develop obesity-related metabolic complications. The underlying mechanisms are not fully understood. Glucocorticoid therapy has previously been associated with increased levels of circulating leptin. In this study the eating behaviour was therefore studied in relation to leptin levels before and after short-term prednisolone treatment. Within-subject design. Twelve healthy postmenopausal women with a mean body mass index (BMI) of 28.9 kg m-2 (+/-0.8 SEM) volunteered after recruitment by an advertisement in the local paper. The subjects received 25 mg prednisolone daily for 7 days. Fasting serum samples were obtained before, during and after treatment for determination of leptin and insulin, glucose and fractionated lipoproteins in plasma. The microstructure of the eating behaviour was registered with a universal eating monitor, VIKTOR. Appetite was estimated by visual analogue rating scales and food intake by a 48-h recall. Serum leptin increased after 2 and 7 days of glucocorticoid administration (P food intake measured by VIKTOR after 7 days of treatment (P food- recall or in the subjective appetite registrations. Insulin levels were borderline elevated (P = 0.062) after treatment, but no significant changes of fasting glucose were seen. High density lipoprotein cholesterol (HDL) increased (P Food intake was elevated after glucocorticoid administration as observed with an objective, quantitative method, in spite of increased levels of circulating leptin.

  20. Swimming training down-regulates plasma leptin levels, but not adipose tissue ob mRNA expression.

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    Benatti, F B; Polacow, V O; Ribeiro, S M L; Gualano, B; Coelho, D F; Rogeri, P S; Costa, A S; Lancha Junior, A H

    2008-10-01

    The aim of the present study was to assess the effects of endurance training on leptin levels and adipose tissue gene expression and their association with insulin, body composition and energy intake. Male Wistar rats were randomly divided into two groups: trained (N = 18) and sedentary controls (N = 20). The trained group underwent swimming training for 9 weeks. Leptin and insulin levels, adiposity and leptin gene expression in epididymal and inguinal adipose tissue were determined after training. There were no differences in energy intake between groups. Trained rats had a decreased final body weight (-10%), relative and total body fat (-36 and -55%, respectively) and insulin levels (-55%) compared with controls (P leptin levels (2.58 +/- 1.05 vs 5.89 +/- 2.89 ng/mL in control; P leptin gene expression in either fat depot was demonstrable between groups. Stepwise multiple regression analysis showed that lower leptin levels in trained rats were due primarily to their lower body fat mass. After adjustment for total body fat, leptin levels were still 20% (P leptin gene expression, but did lead to a decrease in leptin levels that was independent of changes in body fat.

  1. Higher Level Orderings on Modules

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Min WU; Guang Xing ZENG

    2005-01-01

    The aim of this paper is to investigate higher level orderings on modules over commutative rings. On the basis of the theory of higher level orderings on fields and commutative rings, some results involving existence of higher level orderings are generalized to the category of modules over commutative rings. Moreover, a strict intersection theorem for higher level orderings on modules is established.

  2. Paradoxical increase in maternal plasma leptin levels in food-restricted gestation: contribution by placental and adipose tissue.

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    Jelks, Andrea; Belkacemi, Louiza; Han, Guang; Chong, Wei-Lin; Ross, Michael G; Desai, Mina

    2009-07-01

    Maternal food restriction (FR) during pregnancy results in decreased body weight with increased plasma leptin. To address this paradox, we investigated the effects of FR during pregnancy on growth and leptin levels in maternal, placental, and fetal sites. From embryonic day E10, control pregnant rats received ad libitum (AdLib) food, whereas study rats were 50% FR. At gestational ages, E16 and E20, the alterations in maternal body composition, retroperitoneal versus subcutaneous adipose leptin expression, and plasma leptin levels were studied. Furthermore, these changes were related to non-pregnant (NP) status and placental/fetal growth and leptin levels. As compared to NP, both FR and AdLib dams showed a progressive increase in body and lean body mass. However, total body fat was reduced in FR dams but remained unchanged in AdLib dams. Furthermore, plasma leptin levels in FR dams were markedly increased at E20 unlike AdLib dams, which showed moderate increments at E16 and E20. Additionally, FR dams showed significantly decreased leptin expression in subcutaneous and notably unaltered levels in retroperitoneal adipose tissue, suggesting an alternate source of elevated maternal plasma leptin. More importantly, the FR dams had reduced placental weights with paradoxical increased leptin expression at both gestations. Thus, increased plasma leptin levels at E20 in maternal FR pregnancies may be explained, in part, by upregulation of placental leptin. Despite maternal and placental hyperleptinemia during FR pregnancies, the growth-restricted FR fetus had reduced leptin levels. These findings have important implications for pregnancy outcome and fetal growth.

  3. Obesity, Serum Resistin and Leptin Levels Linked to Coronary Artery Disease

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    Montazerifar, Farzaneh; Bolouri, Ahmad; Paghalea, Raheleh Sharifian; Mahani, Mahbubeh Khodadadpour; Karajibani, Mansour

    2016-01-01

    Background Clinical studies have demonstrated that adipocytokines play an important role in developing atherosclerotic cardiovascular diseases. Objective The aim of study was to evaluate the relationship between serum resistin and leptin levels with obesity and coronary artery disease (CAD). Methods In a cross-sectional study, we assessed the levels of serum resistin and leptin, C-reactive protein (CRP), lipid profile and cardiac enzyme tests (AST, CPK, LDH, CK-MB) in 40 CAD patients compared to 40 healthy controls. Anthropometric measurements including weight and height for calculating of body mass index (BMI), and waist circumference (WC) were performed for evaluation of obesity. Results CAD patients had increased levels of leptin and CRP, (p < 0.001), cholesterol (p < 0.05), triglyceride (p < 0.01), and WC (p < 0.05) compared to healthy controls. There was no statistical difference between CAD and control subjects for resistin (p = 0.058). In a multiple regression analysis, only an association between serum leptin with BMI (β = 0.480, p < 0.05) and WC (β = 1.386, p < 0.05) was found. Conclusions The findings suggest that leptin is a better marker of fat mass value than resistin and may be considered an independent risk factor for cardiac disorders that is largely dependent on obesity. However, further prospective studies are needed to confirm these results. PMID:27627223

  4. Effect of methylphenidate treatment on appetite and levels of leptin, ghrelin, adiponectin, and brain-derived neurotrophic factor in children and adolescents with attention deficit and hyperactivity disorder.

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    Sahin, Serkan; Yuce, Murat; Alacam, Hasan; Karabekiroglu, Koray; Say, Gokce Nur; Salıs, Osman

    2014-10-01

    We aimed to explore whether the use of methylphenidate relates leptin, ghrelin, adiponectin, and brain-derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF). In addition, the relationship between methylphenidate-related weight loss in attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) patients and these biomolecules were evaluated. Thirty ADHD patients receiving methylphenidate and 20 healthy controls were included. Leptin, ghrelin, adiponectin, and BDNF levels were measured at baseline and after two-month treatment in both groups. At baseline, leptin, ghrelin, adiponectin, and BDNF levels were similar in the ADHD and control groups. The most common adverse events occurring in the ADHD group after a 2-month treatment period included loss of appetite (70%) and weight loss (66.7%). A significant difference was found in body weight, BMI, and CGI scores of the ADHD patients after the treatment. While post-treatment ghrelin and adiponectin levels were significantly higher in the ADHD group, BDNF level was significantly lower. Post-treatment decrease in leptin levels was not significant. Leptin and BDNF were not associated with poor appetite and/or weight loss due to methylphenidate treatment. However, ghrelin and adiponectin might be biomolecules that play a role in underlying neurobiological mechanisms of methylphenidate-related appetite or weight loss.

  5. Temporal changes in nutritional state affect hypothalamic POMC peptide levels independently of leptin in adult male mice.

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    Mercer, Aaron J; Stuart, Ronald C; Attard, Courtney A; Otero-Corchon, Veronica; Nillni, Eduardo A; Low, Malcolm J

    2014-04-15

    Hypothalamic proopiomelanocortin (POMC) neurons constitute a critical anorexigenic node in the central nervous system (CNS) for maintaining energy balance. These neurons directly affect energy expenditure and feeding behavior by releasing bioactive neuropeptides but are also subject to signals directly related to nutritional state such as the adipokine leptin. To further investigate the interaction of diet and leptin on hypothalamic POMC peptide levels, we exposed 8- to 10-wk-old male POMC-Discosoma red fluorescent protein (DsRed) transgenic reporter mice to either 24-48 h (acute) or 2 wk (chronic) food restriction, high-fat diet (HFD), or leptin treatment. Using semiquantitative immunofluorescence and radioimmunoassays, we discovered that acute fasting and chronic food restriction decreased the levels of adrenocorticotropic hormone (ACTH), α-melanocyte-stimulating hormone (α-MSH), and β-endorphin in the hypothalamus, together with decreased DsRed fluorescence, compared with control ad libitum-fed mice. Furthermore, acute but not chronic HFD or leptin administration selectively increased α-MSH levels in POMC fibers and increased DsRed fluorescence in POMC cell bodies. HFD and leptin treatments comparably increased circulating leptin levels at both time points, suggesting that transcription of Pomc and synthesis of POMC peptide products are not modified in direct relation to the concentration of plasma leptin. Our findings indicate that negative energy balance persistently downregulated POMC peptide levels, and this phenomenon may be partially explained by decreased leptin levels, since these changes were blocked in fasted mice treated with leptin. In contrast, sustained elevation of plasma leptin by HFD or hormone supplementation did not significantly alter POMC peptide levels, indicating that enhanced leptin signaling does not chronically increase Pomc transcription and peptide synthesis.

  6. Serum Leptin Levels in Polycystic Ovary Syndrome and Its Relationship with Metabolic and Hormonal Profile in Pakistani Females

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mukhtiar Baig

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available The study aimed to investigate the levels of serum leptin in PCOS females and to correlate it with metabolic and hormonal parameters. Sixty-two PCOS and ninety normal cycling (NC females with matched age and body mass index (BMI were recruited for this cross-sectional study. Serum leptin, FSH, LH, E2, free testosterone, progesterone, thyroid profile, and FBG levels were measured. The mean leptin levels in PCOS and NC were not significantly different (45.56 ng/mL ± 1.49 vs 41.78 ± 1.31 ng/mL, P>0.05; however, leptin levels showed a strong correlation with BMI in PCOS and NC group (r=0.77, P<0.0001; r=0.82, P<0.0001, resp.. High E2 levels in NC had a significant correlation with leptin whereas FBG correlated with leptin in PCOS (r=0.51, P=0.005. TSH had a substantial correlation (r=0.49, P<0.005; r=0.69, P<0.005 in PCOS and NC, respectively. There was no significant difference found in circulating leptin concentration between PCOS and NC subjects. Leptin levels in PCOS were related with metabolic impairments manifested by disturbance in FBG levels and impairment of reproductive functions in terms of reduced E2 secretion.

  7. Serum leptin as an indicator of fat levels in white-tailed deer (Odocoileus virginianus) in the southeastern USA.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Chitwood, M Colter; Phillips, Shannon P; Whisnant, Scott; Tyndall, James; Lashley, Marcus A; DePerno, Christopher S

    2014-10-01

    Leptin is a hormone that plays a key role in regulating energy intake, appetite, and metabolism. In some mammals, leptin has been shown to circulate at levels proportional to body fat, which could make it useful for nonlethal evaluation of body condition. Leptin's usefulness for estimating fat levels (i.e., body condition) of white-tailed deer (Odocoileus virginianus) is unknown. We quantified serum leptin concentrations in a sample of free-ranging, female deer collected in July 2008 and March 2009 from coastal North Carolina, USA. We compared leptin concentrations with kidney fat index, femur marrow fat index, and kidney fat mass. Additionally, we assessed differences in leptin concentrations between the two seasons, lactating and nonlactating females, and gestating and nongestating females. Leptin concentrations were similar between seasons but were lower in lactating and gestating females. We did not detect significant relationships between leptin and the body fat metrics, indicating that leptin may have limited value for estimating fat reserves in white-tailed deer.

  8. Relationships between physical activity and plasma leptin levels in healthy children: the Fleurbaix-Laventie Ville Santé II Study.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Romon, M; Lafay, L; Bresson, J L; Oppert, J-M; Borys, J-M; Kettaneh, A; Charles, M-A

    2004-10-01

    To study the relationships between physical activity and plasma leptin levels in children from a population-based study, taking into account puberty stages. Subjects were part of the Fleurbaix-Laventie Ville Santé (FLVS) II Study, a longitudinal study on the determinants of weight gain in children and their parents. At baseline examination, 253 girls and 257 boys aged 8-18 y were examined. : Height and weight were measured, adiposity was assessed by the sum of four skinfold thicknesses (SSK). Pubertal stage was assigned according to Tanner. Leisure-time physical activity (LTPA) was assessed by the Modifiable Activity Questionnaire and ambulatory activity by pedometer recording over a week. A fasting blood sample was obtained to determine plasma leptin and insulin levels. Plasma leptin was higher in girls compared to boys (8.3 (1.6-36.5) ng/ml vs 2.2 (0.1-15.3) ng/ml, Pphysical activity. Physical activity is negatively related to leptin levels in girls only and this association is independent of fasting plasma insulin. In children, fasting insulinemia remains associated with leptin levels after taking into account adiposity, physical activity and Tanner stage.

  9. Selenium and leptin levels in febrile seizure: a case-control study in children

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Abolfazl Khoshdel

    2013-02-01

    Full Text Available &lt;b&gt;Purpose&lt;/b&gt;: Febrile seizures (FS are seizures that occur between the age of 6 and 60 months, but its pathophysiology still is not fully understood. There is limited information about the correlation between levels of selenium and leptin with FS. This study aimed to determine the relationship between serum levels of selenium and leptin in children with FS. &lt;b&gt;Methods:&lt;/b&gt; This case-control study was conducted in a University Hospital in Shahrekord, Iran, in 2011. The serum levels of selenium and leptin of 25 children with simple febrile seizure (case group were compared with 25 febrile children without seizure (control group in acute phase and after three months. The levels of serum selenium and leptin were measured by flame atomic absorption spectrophotometer and enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay method, respectively. &lt;b&gt;Results&lt;/b&gt;: In acute phase, the mean serum level of selenium in case and control groups were 95.88± 42.55 and 113.25±54.43 μg/dL, respectively, and difference was not significant (&lt;i&gt;P&lt;/i&gt; =0.415, but after three months, this level had a significant increase in both groups (&lt;i&gt;P&lt;/i&gt;&lt;0.001. In acute phase, the mean serum leptin level in case and control groups were 0.94±0.5 and 0.98±0.84 ng/mL, respectively, but difference was not significant (&lt;i&gt;P&lt;/i&gt; =0.405. After three months, serum leptin level had no significant change in both groups (&lt;i&gt;P&lt;/i&gt; =0.882. &lt;b&gt;Conclusion&lt;/b&gt;: These observations suggest that serum levels of selenium and leptin have not specific relation with FS but overllay is lower, however, further study is recommended. Also selenium level in stress and acute phase was significantly lower than recovery phase.

  10. Serum Levels of Leptin As Marker For Patients At High Risk of Gastric Cancer

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Capelle, Lisette G.; de Vries, Annemarie C.; Haringsma, Jelle; Steyerberg, Ewout W.; Looman, Caspar W. N.; Nagtzaam, Nicole M. A.; van Dekken, Herman; ter Borg, Frank; de Vries, Richard A.; Kuipers, Ernst J.

    2009-01-01

    Background: Serological screening for gastric cancer (GC) may reduce mortality. However, optimal serum markers for advanced gastric precursor lesions are lacking. Aim: To evaluate in a case-control study whether serum leptin levels correlate with intestinal metaplasia (IM) and can serve as a tool to

  11. Peripheral blood leptin and resistin levels as clinical activity biomarkers in Mexican Rheumatoid Arthritis patients.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bustos Rivera-Bahena, Carolina; Xibillé-Friedmann, Daniel-Xavier; González-Christen, Judith; Carrillo-Vázquez, Sandra Miriam; Montiel-Hernández, José Luis

    To evaluate the association between the clinical activity of RA patients and serum adipocytokines (Leptin, Adiponectin and Resistin) and inflammatory cytokines. All RA patients fulfilled ACR 1987 criteria and were treated with DMARDs. Adipocytokine and inflammatory cytokine levels were evaluated using ELISA. 121 patients were included in the study. Stratifying according to DAS28 (low, moderate and high activity), there were significant differences for Leptin, Resistin, IL-6 and IL-17, however, no differences were seen for Adiponectin, TNFα or IL-1β. Clinical activity positively correlated with Leptin, Resistin, IL-17 and IL-6 levels, but not with Adiponectin, TNFα or IL-1β. Adiponectin levels negatively correlated with TNFα and positively correlated with IL-1β. IL-1β positively correlated with IL-6 and negatively correlated with TNFα and IL-17. Circulating Leptin, Resistin, IL-6 and IL-17 levels positively correlate with RA clinical activity in a manner independent of the subject's BMI. Complex relationships between inflammatory cytokines were observed in RA patients suggesting that other metabolic or inflammatory factors could be involved. Copyright © 2015 Elsevier España, S.L.U. and Sociedad Española de Reumatología y Colegio Mexicano de Reumatología. All rights reserved.

  12. Changes of serum leptin levels and the influential factors in peritoneal dialysis patients

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    晏焕青

    2014-01-01

    Objective To investigate the changes of serum leptin levels and the influential factors in maintenance peritoneal dialysis patients.Methods Seventy-six peritoneal dialysis patients were chosen at the time before,and 3months,6 months,12 months,18 months and 24months after they began the peritoneal dialysis therapy,to examine body mass index(BMI),

  13. RELATIONSHIP OF SERUM ADIPONECTIN LEVELS WITH ADIPOSITY, GLUCOCORTICOIDS, LEPTIN AND INSULIN

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    杨颖; 唐金凤; 汪启迪; 李凤英; 顾卫琼; 洪洁; 张一波; 周丽斌; 李荣英; 陈名道

    2005-01-01

    Objective To investigate the relationship between serum adiponectin levels with adiposity,glucocorticoids , insulin and leptin in Cushing' s syndrome, obesity and non-obese subjects. Methods The serum adiponectin concentrations were measured in 104 non-obese and 57 overweight or obese (BMI≥25) subjects by RIA. 15 patients with Cushing's syndrome, 10 with obesity and 9 non-obese subjects were investigated, with their serum adiponectin, glucocorticoids, insulin and leptin levels measured at 8: 00, 12: 00, 16: 00, 20: 00, 24: 00 and 3:00. Dexamethasone suppression tests in both obesity and Cushing's syndrome were performed at the dose of lmg,2mg and 5mg. Results The serum adiponectin concentrations in non-obese were (10.15±6.33) mg/L in male and (13.82 ±6. 09 ) mg/L in female, and those in overweight or obese ones were(5. 78 ±3.55)mg/L in male and (8. 13 ± 4. 32 ) mg/L in female. In both men and women, the fasting adiponectin levels in overweight or obese subjects were lower than those of the non-obese ones, and serum adiponectin concentrations were significantly nagetively correlated with BMI, % Fat and waist circumference. The circadian rhythmicity of adiponectin was not distinct, but the adiponectin levels in obesity were lower than those of the non-obese subjects at all 6 time spots. The serum adiponectin area under curve (AUC) were significantly nagetively correlated with BMI, waist circumference and insulin AUC. The adiponectin levels with dexamethasone administration for a short-term both at higher doses and lower doses did not change, but was decreased after surgery. Conclusion Adiponectin is a hormone secreted by adipocytes which may intimately related to obese and insulin resistance. Therefore, any treatment that could be used to increase adiponectin should be beneficial. Neither long-term endogenous hyper-glucocorticoid nor short-term dexamethasone administration may affect the adiponectin levels, and similarly, no change with elevated postprandial

  14. Serum levels of adiponectin and leptin in asthmatic patients and its relation with asthma severity, lung function and BMI.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Nasiri Kalmarzi, R; Ataee, P; Mansori, M; Moradi, G; Ahmadi, S; Kaviani, Z; Khalafi, B; Kooti, W

    Asthma is one of the diseases which has a high prevalence in developed and developing countries. The relationship between asthma and obesity has always been focused by researchers. In this field, adipokines, especially adiponectin and leptin have highly attended by the scientist. The aim of this study was to determine the serum level of adiponectin, leptin and the leptin/adiponectin ratio in asthmatic patients and its relationship with disease severity, lung function and BMI (body mass index). In this cross-sectional study, 90 asthmatic women admitted to the tertiary referral hospital in Kurdistan province - Iran, were examined. First, BMI was measured and then pulmonary function tests were performed in all asthmatics patient. Forced expiratory volume in 1s (FEV1), forced vital capacity (FVC), and FEV1/FVC, were measured. At the end, blood samples were collected and serum level of adiponectin and leptin were measured by ELISA method. Serum leptin and leptin/adiponectin levels correlated positively with asthma severity and BMI (p=0.0001), but there was no correlation between adiponectin level with asthma severity and BMI (p>0.05), also serum leptin and leptin/adiponectin levels inversely correlated with FEV1 and FVC in patient (p=0.0001). Asthma is linked with obesity, and there is an association between asthma severity and BMI with serum leptin and leptin/adiponectin levels, but our results do not support a significant role of adiponectin in obesity or asthma. Copyright © 2016 SEICAP. Published by Elsevier España, S.L.U. All rights reserved.

  15. The administration of long-term high-fat diet in ovariectomized wistar rat (Study on Daily Food Intake, Lee Index, Abdominal Fat Mass and Leptin Serum Levels

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Dita Fitriani

    2016-12-01

    Conclusion: Serum leptin levels positively correlated with Lee index and abdominal fat mass, but negatively correlated with daily food intake. Administration of long-term high-fat diet in this study cannot induce leptin resistance.

  16. Association between maternal urinary arsenic species and infant cord blood leptin levels in a New Hampshire Pregnancy Cohort.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gossai, Anala; Lesseur, Corina; Farzan, Shohreh; Marsit, Carmen; Karagas, Margaret R; Gilbert-Diamond, Diane

    2015-01-01

    Leptin is an important pleiotropic hormone involved in the regulation of nutrient intake and energy expenditure, and is known to influence body weight in infants and adults. High maternal levels of arsenic have been associated with reduced infant birth weight, but the mechanism of action is not yet understood. This study aimed to investigate the association between in utero arsenic exposure and infant cord blood leptin concentrations within 156 mother-infant pairs from the New Hampshire Birth Cohort Study (NHBCS) who were exposed to low to moderate levels of arsenic through well water and diet. In utero arsenic exposure was obtained from maternal second trimester urinary arsenic concentration, and plasma leptin levels were assessed through immunoassay. Results indicate that urinary arsenic species concentrations were predictive of infant cord blood leptin levels following adjustment for creatinine, infant birth weight for gestational age percentile, infant sex, maternal pregnancy-related weight gain, and maternal education level amongst 149 white mother-infant pairs in multivariate linear regression models. A doubling or 100% increase in total urinary arsenic concentration (iAs+MMA+DMA) was associated with a 10.3% (95% CI: 0.8-20.7%) increase in cord blood leptin levels. A 100% increase in either monomethylarsonic acid (MMA) or dimethylarsinic acid (DMA) was also associated with an 8.3% (95% CI: -1.0-18.6%) and 10.3% (95% CI: 1.2-20.2%) increase in cord blood leptin levels, respectively. The association between inorganic arsenic (iAs) and cord blood leptin was of similar magnitude and direction as other arsenic species (a 100% increase in iAs was associated with a 6.5% (95% CI: -3.4-17.5%) increase in cord blood leptin levels), albeit not significant. These results suggest in utero exposure to low levels of arsenic influences cord blood leptin concentration and presents a potential mechanism by which arsenic may impact early childhood growth.

  17. Levels of serum leptin, cholecystokinin, plasma lipid and lipoprotein differ between patients with gallstone or/and those with hepatolithiasis

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Zheng-Ming Lei; Ming-Xin Ye; Wen-Guang Fu; Yue Chen; Cheng Fang; Jing Li

    2008-01-01

    BACKGROUND:A signiifcant relationship exists among food intake and nutritional status and cholelithiasis, including gallstone and hepatolithiasis. Leptin is associated with obesity. This study was to investigate the differences in serum leptin levels in patients with gallstone and hepatolithiasis and to evaluate the relationships among leptin, cholecystokinin (CCK), lipid and lipoprotein concentrations. METHODS:Body mass index (BMI), serum leptin, CCK, insulin, lipid and lipoprotein concentrations, and liver function were measured in 382 patients with gallstone (GS group), 83 patients with hepatolithiasis (HS group) and 30 healthy controls (control group). The values of these indices were compared among the groups. In each group, Pearson's product-moment correlation coefifcient among these indices were evaluated. RESULTS:There were notable differences in serum leptin, CCK, total cholesterol, total triglycerides, apolipoprotein-a (APO-a), globulin, direct reacting bilirubin, and BMI between the GS and HS groups (P CONCLUSIONS:Leptin participates in modulating lipid metabolism. There are notable differences in leptin, serum lipid, and CCK between patients with gallstone and those with hepatolithiasis. The role of leptin in the pathophysiological course of cholelithiasis needs further investigation.

  18. Exercise Addiction in Men Is Associated With Lower Fat-Adjusted Leptin Levels

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Lichtenstein, Mia B; Andries, Alin; Hansen, Stinus

    2015-01-01

    and resting conditions. Body composition was assessed by dual-energy x-ray absorptiometry. Eating disorder symptoms were identified by the Eating Disorder Inventory 2. RESULTS: The exercise addiction group had significantly (P .... None of the exercisers seemed to suffer from an eating disorder. CONCLUSIONS: This is the first study showing that excessive training in exercise addiction is associated with low levels of body fat-adjusted leptin levels. CLINICAL RELEVANCE: Hypoleptinemia could be involved in the pathogenesis......OBJECTIVE: To test a hypothesized association between resting leptin levels (adjusted for body fat percentage) and symptoms of primary exercise addiction. DESIGN: Cross-sectional design. SETTING: Habitual amateur exercisers participating in running, fitness, weight training, and biking...

  19. Assessment of ghrelin and leptin receptor levels in postmenopausal women who received oral or transdermal menopausal hormonal therapy

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Barbara RUSZKOWSKA; Alina SOKUP; Arleta KULWAS; Maciej W.SOCHA; Krzysztof GˊORALCZYK; Barbara GˊORALCZYK; Danuta ROˊSˊC

    2012-01-01

    Objective:In postmenopausal women,an increased leptin concentration and reduced levels ofghrelin and adiponectin were observed.The aim of this study was to evaluate the concentrations of the active form of ghrelin,total ghrelin,leptin receptor,lipoprotein(a) (Lp(a)),and plasminogen activator inhibitor type 1 (PAI-1) in postmenopausal women who received oral or transdermal menopausal hormonal therapy (MHT).Methods:The study involved 76 healthy women:46 women aged from 44 to 58 years who received oral (26) or transdermal (20) MHT; the control group consisted of 30 women aged from 44 to 54 years who did not receive MHT.The plasma concentrations of total ghrelin,the active form of ghrelin,Lp(a),and PAI-1:Ag were measured by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA).The concentration of the leptin receptor was measured by enzyme immunometric assay (EIA).Results:We observed a significantly higher concentration of total ghrelin and the active form of ghrelin in women who received transdermal MHT in comparison with those who took oral MHT.We also found a significantly lower concentration of total ghrelin in women who received oral MHT compared with the control group.A higher concentration of PAI-1:Ag was found in the group of women who took transdermal MHT in comparison with those who took oral MHT and with the control group.The differences were statistically significant.Additionally,we found a significant negative correlation between the concentrations of total ghrelin and PAI-1:Ag and a positive correlation between the concentrations of total ghrelin and leptin receptor in women who received transdermal MHT.Conclusions:The study showed that women who used transdermal MHT had higher levels of total ghrelin than women who took oral MHT.This indicates a beneficial effect of the transdermal route of MHT.However,transdermal therapy was associated with adverse effects with regard to the observed higher levels of PAI-1:Ag,which in turn,can lead to a reduction in fibrinolytic

  20. Elevated serum leptin levels in patients with acute myocardial infarction; correlation with coronary angiographic and echocardiographic findings

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Khafaji Hadi AR

    2012-05-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background To assess the relationship between serial serum leptin levels in patients with acute myocardial infarction (AMI who received thrombolysis and the degree of coronary atherosclerosis, coronary reperfusion, echocardiographic findings, and clinical outcome. 51 consecutive patients presenting with AMI were studied. Clinical characteristics including age, sex, body mass index (BMI and cardiovascular risk factors were recorded. Serial serum leptin levels at the time of admission and subsequently at 0, 6, 12, 24, 36, 60 hours afterwards were obtained. Coronary angiography was performed in 34 patients; the relation between serum leptin levels and evidence of coronary reperfusion as well as the extent of coronary atherosclerosis according to the coronary artery surgery study classification (CASS were evaluated. Echocardiographic evaluation was performed in all patients. 36 matched patients were enrolled as control group who had serum leptin level 9.4 ± 6.5 ng/ml. Results The patients mean age was 50.5 ± 10.6 years. There were 47 males and 3 females. 37.1% were diabetics, 23.5% were hypertensive, 21.6% were dyslipidemic and 22.7% were obese (BMI ≥ 30. Leptin concentrations (ng/ml increased and peaked at the 4th sample (36 hrs after admission (mean ± SD sample (1 =9.55 ± 7.4, sample (2 =12.9 ± 8.4, sample (3 =13.8 ± 10.4, sample (4 =18.9 ± 18.1, sample (5 =11.4 ± 6.5, sample (6 =10.8 ± 8.9 ng/ml. There was a significant correlation between serum leptin and BMI (r = 0.342; p = 0.03. Leptin levels correlated significantly to creatine kinase level on the second day (r = 0.43, p ≤ 0.01. Significant correlation of mean serum leptin with the ejection fraction (P p = 0.8. There was a trend for an increase in the mean serum leptin levels with increasing number of diseased vessels. There was no correlation between serum leptin levels and outcome neither during the

  1. The effect of BMI, serum leptin, and adiponectin levels on prognosis in patients with non-ischaemic dilated cardiomyopathy.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wojciechowska, Celina; Jacheć, Wojciech; Romuk, Ewa; Nowalany-Kozielska, Ewa; Tomasik, Andrzej; Siemińska, Lucyna

    2017-01-01

    The recent studies demonstrated that obese heart failure patients have better prognosis - "obesity paradox". The aim of the study was to evaluate the relationship between body mass index (BMI), leptin and adiponectin concentrations and prognosis in patients with heart failure due to non ischeamic dilated cardiomyopathy (NIDCM). 128 patients with NIDCM were included and followed-up for three years. Leptin and adiponectin were measured at baseline using commercially available ELISA tests. Clinical data, routine laboratory parameters, NT-proBNP were assessed as risk factors for reaching the study endpoints: urgent heart transplantation (B), death (C), or combined endpoint death or urgent heart transplantation (D). Patient with adverse outcome had lower BMI and higher NT-proBNP concentration. Leptin was significantly elevated in group C and adiponectin was higher in groups B and D than in survived patients. Patients with leptin concentration below median or with adiponectin concentration above median were more often transplanted in three years follow-up (p = 0.029, p = 0.022, respectively). The cumulative probability of death was greater in patients with concentration of leptin above median (p = 0.024). In the multivariable Cox proportional hazards analyses, increasing leptin and lower BMI were predictors of death. Adiponectin was associated with higher risk of heart transplantation. Both an inverse association of BMI and positive association of leptin and adiponectin with combined endpoint were discovered. Further adjustment to established risk factors abolished association between combined endpoint and BMI, and modestly attenuate with adiponectin and leptin concentration. Evaluation of adiponectin and leptin concentrations was more useful than BMI in prediction of unfavourable outcome in patients with NIDCM. (Endokrynol Pol 2017; 68 (1): 26-34).

  2. RELATIONSHIP BETWEEN SERUM LEPTIN LEVELS AND WEIGHT GAIN IN GIRLS WITH CENTRAL PRECOCIOUS PUBERTY AT 1-YEAR FOLLOW-UP.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zurita-Cruz, Jessie N; Villasís-Keever, Miguel A; Damasio-Santana, Leticia; Manuel-Apolinar, Leticia; Nishimura-Meguro, Elisa; Rivera-Hernández, Aleida de J; Garrido-Magaña, Eulalia; Gutierrez-Gonzalez, Alejandro; Poblano-Alcalá, Adriana

    2017-05-01

    Patients with central precocious puberty (CPP) may have increased serum leptin levels; however, it is not well known whether this increase differs between patients with and without obesity. Our objectives were to describe the changes in serum leptin in girls with CPP in the first 12 months after diagnosis based on body mass index (BMI) and to explore whether serum leptin level at CPP diagnosis is related to BMI z-score (BMIz) after a 1-year follow-up. A prospective cohort study was performed. We included 42 girls with idiopathic CPP in Tanner stages II and III. Anthropometric measurements were performed, and serum leptin was measured at study initiation and after 12 months. Patients were stratified according to BMI category (30 with a BMI in the 95th percentile). Study variables were compared. Correlations among leptin, BMIz, and body fat were assessed. Leptin increased gradually during the first year of treatment. In girls with a BMI in the Leptin level >10.5 ng/dL at diagnosis is a risk factor for weight gain after 1 year. BMI = body mass index BMIz = BMI z-score CPP = central precocious puberty GnRHa = gonadotropin-releasing hormone analogue.

  3. Regulation of leptin on insulin secretion and sulfonulurea receptor 1 transcription level in isolated rats pancreatic islets

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    袁莉; 安汉祥; 邓秀玲; 李卓娅

    2003-01-01

    Objective To investigate the regulation of leptin on insulin secretion and expression of ATP-sensitive potassium channel subunit sulfonulurea receptor 1 (SUR1) mRNA, and to determine whether the effects of leptin are mediated through known intracellular signaling transduction. Methods Pancreatic islets were isolated by the collagenase method from male SD rats. The purified islets were incubated with different concentrations of leptin for 2 h in the presence of different concentrations of glucose. Insulin release was measured using radioimmunoassay. Expression of SUR1 mRNA was detected by RT-PCR. Results In the presence of leptin 2 nmol/L, insulin release was significantly inhibited at either 11.1 or 16.7 mmol/L glucose concentration (bothP<0.05), but insulin release was not altered at glucose of 5.6 mmol/L physiological concentration. The dose-response experiment showed that the maximal effect of leptin on insulin secretion achieved at 2 nmol/L. Exposure of islets to 2 nmol/L leptin induced a significant increase of SUR1 transcription evels by 71% (P<0.01) at 11.1 mmol/L glucose and by 56% (P<0.05) at 16.7 mmol/L glucose concentration. Selective phosphatidylinositol 3-kinase (PI 3-kinase) inhibitor wortmannin significantly prevented the leptin effect on insulin secretion and SUR1 mRNA expression. Conclusions Regulatory effects of leptin on insulin secretion could be biphasic at different concentrations of glucose and leptin. The stimulatory regulation of SUR1 transcription levels may be mediated through activation of PI 3-kinase pathway, which may be a possible mechanism of leptin in regulating insulin secretion.

  4. Serum levels of leptin in Nigerian patients with sickle cell anaemia

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    Aina Ayoola O

    2011-05-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background Several studies have shown that the pathophysiology of homozygous sickle cell anaemia (SCA results in a myriad of metabolic, nutritional, haematological and clinical effects that interact with other co-morbid factors to determine the quality of life and life expectancy of afflicted patients. Because of its critical roles in nutrition and metabolism, inflammation, haematopoiesis and cellular immunity, this study determined the plasma levels of leptin in steady and unsteady states of HbSS in Nigerian patients. Methods A total of 51 SCA patients aged 5 - 35 years with 34 (61.8% being females who were either on admission or visiting four medical centres in Lagos, Nigeria together with 22 non-SCD controls aged 5 -30 years comprising 12 (54.5% females were enrolled after obtaining their informed consent and ethical approval. Patients were further stratified into steady and unsteady cases of SCA based on clinical presentations, while blood samples collected by venipuncture from each of the study participants were analyzed haematologically for full blood count and HbF level and microscopically for malaria, while plasma leptin was assayed using ELISA method. Body composition defined by weight, fat mass and body mass index (BMI was determined using standard methods. Data obtained for cases and controls were analyzed statistically. Results Twenty - one patients had unsteady HbSS and elicited greater and significant (P P. falciparum parasitaemia (4613.7 vs. 749.6 - 1078.4 parasites/uL, pyrexia rate (58.3 vs. 25.8% when compared with steady state patients or non-SCD controls. Compared to the control, significant decreases in plasma leptin before and after controlling for body fat that was worsened by crisis were observed among the SCD patients. Unlike the non-SCD controls, leptin correlated non-significantly (P > 0.05 with all body composition indices measured in the patients except for fat mass in unsteady cases. Multivariate regression

  5. Differential modulation of arcuate nucleus and mesolimbic gene expression levels by central leptin in rats on short-term high-fat high-sugar diet

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    van den Heuvel, José K; Eggels, Leslie; Fliers, Eric; Kalsbeek, A.; Adan, Roger A H; la Fleur, Susanne E

    2014-01-01

    OBJECTIVE: Leptin resistance is a common hallmark of obesity. Rats on a free-choice high-fat high-sugar (fcHFHS) diet are resistant to peripherally administered leptin. The aim of this study was to investigate feeding responses to central leptin as well as the associated changes in mRNA levels in hy

  6. Differential modulation of arcuate nucleus and mesolimbic gene expression levels by central leptin in rats on short-term high-fat high-sugar diet

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    van den Heuvel, José K; Eggels, Leslie; Fliers, Eric; Kalsbeek, A.; Adan, Roger A H; la Fleur, Susanne E

    2014-01-01

    OBJECTIVE: Leptin resistance is a common hallmark of obesity. Rats on a free-choice high-fat high-sugar (fcHFHS) diet are resistant to peripherally administered leptin. The aim of this study was to investigate feeding responses to central leptin as well as the associated changes in mRNA levels in

  7. Serum leptin levels in pregnant women with type 1 diabetes mellitus

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Lauszus, Finn; Schmitz, Ole; Vestergaard, H

    2001-01-01

    Leptin is an important weight regulator and during pregnancy leptin is not only synthesized in adipose tissue but also in the placenta.......Leptin is an important weight regulator and during pregnancy leptin is not only synthesized in adipose tissue but also in the placenta....

  8. Increasing leptin level in abstaining alcohol-dependent women Niveles elevados de leptina en las mujeres alcohólicas abstinentes

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    M. Cardoso Fernandes Toffolo

    2012-06-01

    Full Text Available Introduction: Leptin, hormone secreted by the fat tissue, changes the signaling of dopamine in the nucleus accumbens, which directly affects the sensitivity of reward and modulation of abstinence. Aims: To evaluate the level of serum leptin and its relation to nutritional status among alcoholic abstainers and non-abstinent. Methods: Patients of both sexes, over 18 years old and who used alcohol as their primary drug were included in the study. Abstaining patients were separated according to the time without the use of the drug as A2 (1-3 month-abstainers and A3 (4 month and over-abstainers. Waist circumference (WC, body fat percentage (%BF and weight and height were measured to calculate Body Mass Index (BMI. Blood samples were collected for leptin measurement. Results: Mean levels of leptin, leptin/BMI, leptin/%BF were higher in all women categories. Abstaining women (A2 also showed higher leptin, leptin/BMI and leptin/ %BF than non-abstinent (p = 0.039; p = 0.023; p = 0.023. Statistical differences were also shown among abstaining women A2 and A3 as well a significant positive association between leptin levels and BMI and leptin and WC in active female drinkers (leptin x BMI: r = 0.91; p Introducción: La leptina, hormona secretada en el tejido adiposo, altera la señalización de la dopamina en el núcleo accumbens, lo que afecta directamente la sensibilidad a la recompensa y la modulación de la abstinencia. Objetivo: Evaluar el nivel de leptina en suero y su relación con el estado nutricional entre los abstemios y los alcohólicos activos. Métodos: Se incluyeron en el estudio pacientes de ambos sexos, mayores de 18 años de edad y que utilizan el alcohol como droga principal. Los pacientes fueron separados en función del tiempo sin el uso de la droga como abstinentes A2 (1-3 meses de abstinencia y A3 (4 meses o más de abstinencia. Se midieron la circunferencia de la cintura (CC; el % de grasa corporal (%GC y el peso y la altura para

  9. Serum leptin and soluble leptin receptor in non-alcoholic fatty liver disease

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Xiao-Dong Huang; Yan Fan; Hen Zhang; Ping Wang; Jing Ping Yuan; Ming-Jie Li; Xi-Yan Zhan

    2008-01-01

    AIM: To determine the role of leptin system in non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) development by delineating the changes in serum levels of leptin and soluble leptin receptor (sOB-R).METHODS: Blood samples were collected from 30 consecutive patients with liver-biopsy-proven NAFLD and 30 patients with cholecystolithiasis (stationary phase) as controls. Serum leptin levels were determined by radioimmunoassay and concentration of sOB-R was measured by ELISA. Body mass index (BMI) was calculated for all subjects, and serum insulin, C-peptide, and lipoprotein levels were also detected.RESULTS: Mean serum leptin level and BMI in the NAFLD group were significantly higher than in the controls (both P < 0.001), but mean sOB-R level was lower in the NAFLD group when compared to the controls. Both men and women in the NAFLD group had higher mean serum leptin levels and lower sOB-R levels than did the men and women in the control group (all P < 0.001). There was a significant negative correlation between serum leptin and sOB-R levels (r = -0.725, P < 0.001). Multivariate analysis showed that the percentage of hepatocyte steatosis, sex, BMI, and homeostasis model assessment of insulin resistance (HOMA IR) were independently related to serum leptin levels.CONCLUSION: Elevated serum leptin seems to be a feature of steatosis, and serum leptin seems to increase as hepatocyte steatosis develops. An enhanced release of ieptin is accompanied by an decrease in sOB-R concentration, which suggests higher resistance of peripheral tissues towards the action of leptin.

  10. Clinical significance of the leptin and leptin receptor expressions in prostate tissues

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Jung Hoon Kim; Shin Young Lee; Soon Chul Myung; Young Sun Kim; Tae-Hyoung Kim; Mi Kyung Kim

    2008-01-01

    Aim: To evaluate the expression of leptin and leptin receptor in benign prostatic hyperplasia (BPH) and prostate cancer (Pca), and to investigate whether they are associated with the development and progression of Pca. Methods:Immunohistochemical staining was performed to examine the expression of leptin and leptin receptor in BPH and Pca.Pca was divided into three groups: localized Pca, locally advanced Pca and metastatic Pca. The positive staining was identified and the percentage of the positive staining was graded. We also assessed the relationship between both the Gleason score and body mass index (BMI) and Pca. Results: The percentage of the leptin expression in Pca was significantly higher than that in BPH (P < 0.01). For the Pca group, the expressed levels of leptin showed a considerable correlation with localized Pca and metastatic Pca (P < 0.05). Leptin receptor, however, did not reveal a definite difference between BPH and Pca. The expression of leptin indicated a significant difference between well-differen-tiated Pca (Gleason score < 6) and poorly differentiated Pca (Gleason score 8-10) (P < 0.05), The relation between the leptin expression level in Pca and the BMI was not remarkable (P = 0.447). Conclusion: Our results suggest that leptin might have a promoting effect on the carcinogenesis and progression of Pca.

  11. Diurnal Intermittent Fasting during Ramadan: The Effects on Leptin and Ghrelin Levels

    Science.gov (United States)

    Alzoghaibi, Mohammed A.; Pandi-Perumal, Seithikurippu R.; Sharif, Munir M.; BaHammam, Ahmed S.

    2014-01-01

    We aimed to assess the effect of Islamic intermittent fasting, during and outside of Ramadan, on plasma levels of leptin and ghrelin while controlling for several potential confounding variables. Eight healthy male volunteers with a mean age of 26.6±4.9 years reported to the sleep disorders center (SDC) at King Saud University on four occasions: 1) adaptation; 2) 4 weeks before Ramadan while performing Islamic fasting for 1 week (baseline fasting) (BLF); 3) 1 week before Ramadan (non-fasting baseline) (BL); and 4) during the second week of Ramadan while fasting. Plasma leptin and ghrelin levels were measured using enzyme-linked immunoassays at 22:00, 02:00, 04:00, 06:00, and 11:00. During BLF, there were significant reductions in plasma leptin concentrations at 22:00 and 02:00 compared with the baseline concentrations (at 22:00: 194.2±177.2 vs. 146.7±174.5; at 02:00: 203.8±189.5 vs. 168.1±178.1; pfasting may be the result of the changes in meal times during fasting. PMID:24637892

  12. Association between HIV replication and serum leptin levels: an observational study of a cohort of HIV-1-infected South African women

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    Azzoni Livio

    2010-09-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background Advanced HIV infection can result in lipoatrophy and wasting, even in the absence of ongoing opportunistic infections, suggesting that HIV may directly affect adipose tissue amount and distribution. Methods We assessed the relationship of fat (measured using anthropometry, DEXA, MRI scans or markers related to glucose and lipid metabolism with viral load in a cross-sectional sample of 83 antiretroviral-naïve HIV-1-infected South African women. A multivariable linear model was fitted to log10VL to assess the combined effect of these variables. Results In addition to higher T cell activation, women with viral load greater than the population median had lower waist circumference, body mass index and subcutaneous abdominal fat, as well as lower serum leptin. We demonstrate that leptin serum levels are inversely associated with viral replication, independent of the amount of adipose tissue. This association is maintained after adjusting for multiple variables associated with disease progression (i.e., cellular activation and innate immunity effector levels. Conclusions Our results demonstrate that serum leptin levels are inversely associated with viral replication, independent of disease progression: we postulate that leptin may affect viral replication.

  13. A cross-over trial on soy intake and serum leptin levels in women with metabolic syndrome

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    Leila Azadbakht

    2010-01-01

    Full Text Available Background: Soy consumption may affect serum leptin levels and exert its beneficial effects in this way. The aim of this study was to evaluate the effect of soy consumption on serum leptin levels in postmenopausal women with metabolic syndrome. Methods: In this clinical trial, 42 postmenopausal women with metabolic syndrome were included. The patients followed three kinds of diets: control diet (Dietary Approaches to Stop Hypertension= DASH, soy protein diet, or soy nut diet for eight weeks. Serum leptin level was measured by ELISA method. Results: No significant weight change were seen in patients during three phases of trial. There was no significant difference between the end values of serum leptin concentrations following these diets (Geometric mean ± SD: 16.9 ± 2.5 ng/ml at the end of control diet, 16.1 ± 1.6 ng/ml at the end of soy protein diet, and 15.9 ± 1.7 ng/ml at the end of soy nut diet. Percent difference compared to control for serum leptin levels showed that neither soy protein nor soy nut diets could significantly alter this variable (p = 0.32. Conclusions: The results of the present study showed that neither soy protein, nor soy nut could affect weight and serum leptin levels in postmenopausal women with metabolic syndrome.

  14. Comparison of serum leptin, glucose, total cholesterol and total protein levels in fertile and repeat breeder cows

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    Saime Guzel

    2014-12-01

    Full Text Available In the present study we measured serum glucose, leptin, total cholesterol and total protein concentrations in repeat breeder cows and compared them with fertile cows. For this aim, 20 repeat breeder cows and 20 fertile cows were used as material. Repeat breeder cows were found to have lower levels of leptin and glucose as compared with fertile ones. No significant differences in total cholesterol and total protein levels were observed between the two groups. No significant correlation of leptin with glucose, total cholesterol and total protein was observed in fertile and repeat breeder cows. Low concentrations of glucose and leptin can have some effects on reproductive problems as repeat breeder and help to understand potential mechanisms impairing fertility in repeat breeder cows.

  15. Behavioral, hormonal and central serotonin modulating effects of injected leptin.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Haleem, Darakhshan J; Haque, Zeba; Inam, Qurrat-ul-Aen; Ikram, Huma; Haleem, Muhammad Abdul

    2015-12-01

    Leptin is viewed as an important target for developing novel therapeutics for obesity, depression/anxiety and cognitive dysfunctions. The present study therefore concerns behavioral, hormonal and central serotonin modulating effects of systemically injected leptin. Pharmacological doses (100 and 500 μg/kg) of leptin injected systemically decreased 24h cumulative food intake and body weight in freely feeding rats and improved acquisition and retention of memory in Morris water maze test. Potential anxiety reducing, hormonal and serotonin modulating effects of the peptide hormone were determined in a separate experiment. Animals injected with 100 or 500 μg/kg leptin were tested for anxiety in an elevated plus maze test 1h later. A significant increase in the number of entries and time passed in open arm of the elevated plus maze in leptin injected animals suggested pronounced anxiety reducing effect. Moreover, circulating levels of leptin correlated significantly with anxiety reducing effects of the peptide hormone. Serum serotonin increased and ghrelin decreased in leptin injected animals and correlated, positively and negatively respectively, with circulating leptin. Corticosterone increased at low dose and levels were normal at higher dose. Serotonin metabolism in the hypothalamus and hippocampus decreased only at higher dose of leptin. The results support a role of leptin in the treatment of obesity, anxiety and cognitive dysfunctions. It is suggested that hormonal and serotonin modulating effects of leptin can alter treatment efficacy in particularly comorbid conditions.

  16. Leptin and leptin receptors in salivary glands of primary Sjögren's syndrome.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Erbasan, Funda; Alikanoğlu, Arsenal Sezgin; Yazısız, Veli; Karasu, Uğur; Balkarlı, Ayşe; Sezer, Cem; Terzioğlu, Mustafa Ender

    2016-11-01

    The role of leptin in primary Sjögren's syndrome (SS) pathogenesis is unknown. The aim of this study was to investigate the expression of leptin and leptin receptor (LEPR) in minor salivary glands in patients with SS. The expression of leptin and LEPR in minor salivary gland specimens obtained from patients with primary SS (n=50) and control subjects (n=50) were examined using immunohistochemical staining. Acinar cells, epithelial cells and adipocytes in salivary glands can express leptin and LEPR. It was observed that there was intense staining in the focal lymphocytic infiltration areas in SS patients. The intensity of leptin and LEPR staining under microscopy (400×) were graded semiquantitatively as negative, mild, moderate or strongly positive, and scored as 1, 2 or 3, respectively. The expression levels of leptin and LEPR in patients with primary SS were not higher than in controls. There was no significant difference in degrees of leptin and LEPR staining, staining intensity, and immunoreactive scores between groups. The expression of leptin and LEPR were not correlated with autoantibodies such as RF, ANA, anti-Ro, and/or anti-La positivity. These findings indicate that leptin and its receptors do not play an important role in primary SS pathophysiology. Copyright © 2016 Elsevier GmbH. All rights reserved.

  17. Daily melatonin administration at middle age suppresses male rat visceral fat, plasma leptin, and plasma insulin to youthful levels.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rasmussen, D D; Boldt, B M; Wilkinson, C W; Yellon, S M; Matsumoto, A M

    1999-02-01

    Human and rat pineal melatonin secretion decline with aging, whereas visceral fat and plasma insulin levels increase. Melatonin modulates fat metabolism in some mammalian species, so these aging-associated melatonin, fat and insulin changes could be functionally related. Accordingly, we investigated the effects of daily melatonin supplementation to male Sprague-Dawley rats, starting at middle age (10 months) and continuing into old age (22 months). Melatonin was added to the drinking water (92% of which was consumed at night) at a dosage (4 microg/ml) previously reported to attenuate the aging-associated decrease in survival rate in male rats, as well as at a 10-fold lower dosage. The higher dosage produced nocturnal plasma melatonin levels in middle-aged rats which were 15-fold higher than in young (4 months) rats; nocturnal plasma melatonin levels in middle-aged rats receiving the lower dosage were not significantly different from young or middle-aged controls. Relative (% of body wt) retroperitoneal and epididymal fat, as well as plasma insulin and leptin levels, were all significantly increased at middle age when compared to young rats. All were restored within 10 weeks to youthful (4 month) levels in response to both dosages of melatonin. Continued treatment until old age maintained suppression of visceral (retroperitoneal + epididymal) fat levels. Plasma corticosterone and total thyroxine (T4) levels were not significantly altered by aging or melatonin treatment. Plasma testosterone, insulin-like growth factor I (IGF-I) and total triiodothyronine (T3) decreased by middle age; these aging-associated decreases were not significantly altered by melatonin treatment. Thus, visceral fat, insulin and leptin responses to melatonin administration may be independent of marked changes in gonadal, thyroid, adrenal or somatotropin regulation. Since increased visceral fat is associated with increased insulin resistance, diabetes, and cardiovascular disease, these results

  18. Serum and CSF adiponectin, leptin, and interleukin 6 levels as adipocytokines in Egyptian children with febrile seizures: a cross-sectional study.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Azab, Seham F; Abdalhady, Mohamed A; Almalky, Mohamed A A; Amin, Ezzat K; Sarhan, Dina T; Elhindawy, Eman M; Allah, Mayy A N; Elhewala, Ahmed A; Salam, Mohamed M A; Hashem, Mustafa I A; Soliman, Attia A; Akeel, Nagwa E; Abdellatif, Sawsan H; Elsamad, Nahla A; Rass, Anwar A; Arafat, Manal S

    2016-04-12

    A febrile seizure (FS) is the most common convulsive disorder in children. Activation of cytokine network is involved in FS pathogenesis. Adiponectin, leptin and IL-6 are the major adipocytokines secreted by fat cells. To date, only a few studies concerned the association of adipocytokines with febrile seizures. In this study, we tried to investigate serum and CSF levels of adiponectin, leptin, and interleukin-6 (IL-6); as adipocytokines, for the first time in Egyptian children with febrile seizures. This was a prospective cross-sectional study included one hundred patients with febrile seizure, and matched with age, gender, 100 children with febrile illness without seizures (febrile control, FC) and 100 healthy control group (HC). Serum and cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) levels of adiponectin, leptin, and (IL-6) were measured by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) method. Serum adiponectin was significantly higher in children with FS (16.8 ± 3.7 ug/ml) and the FC group (18.3 ± 4.3 ug/ml) compared to the HC group (9.5 ± 2.2 ug/ml); P adiponectin levels similar to those with complex febrile seizures (CFS); (P > 0.05). Serum and CSF leptin levels were significantly lower in patients with CFS compared to the SFS group (P < 0.05). Serum and CSF IL-6 levels were significantly higher in patients with CFS compared to the SFS group (P < 0.01). On multivariate logistic regression analysis, the high serum IL-6 levels was the most significant risk factor associated with febrile seizures among studied children (OR: 6.2; 95 % CI: 3.58 -10.57; P = 0.0001). Our data brought a novel observation that some adipocytokines like leptin and IL-6 could be, at least in part, an aetiopathogenetic factor in the manifestation of febrile seizures in susceptible Egyptian children. Moreover, we observed a significant association between high CSF IL-6 levels and susceptibility to complex febrile seizures as did the low CSF leptin levels.

  19. [Obesity and leptin association in three Chilean aboriginal populations].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Pérez, F; Santos, J L; Albala, C; Calvillán, M; Carrasco, E

    2000-01-01

    Although there is a clear relationship between body mass index and leptin levels, few authors have addressed the possible influence of ethnic factors on these levels. To measure serum leptin in three different Chilean aboriginal populations. Fasting serum leptin and insulin levels were measured by radioimmunoassay in 345 rural mapuche individuals, 247 rural aymara subjects and 162 urban mapuche subjects. A body mass index of 27.5 kg/m2 was used as cutoff point to classify study subjects. Among the three ethnic groups, women had serum leptin levels three times higher than men. In all three ethnic groups, there was a significant association between leptin levels, body mass index and gender (r2 = 0.32 and 0.5 p mapuche, r2 = 0.32 and 0.5 p mapuche populations). No differences in leptin levels were observed for the interaction between age and insulin. The increments per quartile in leptin levels were lower among mapuche than aymara individuals. Rural mapuche individuals have a high frequency of obesity. However their leptin levels are lower than those of aymara or urban mapuche populations. The higher leptin levels observed in urban mapuche subjects could be due to environmental influences.

  20. Leptin Level and Oxidative Stress Contribute to Obesity-Induced Low Testosterone in Murine Testicular Tissue

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    Jian Zhao

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available Objective. This study evaluated the effects of obesity on the function of reproductive organs in male mice and the possible mechanism of male secondary hypogonadism (SH in obesity. Methods. Ninety-six mice were randomly assigned to three groups: the control group, diet-induced obesity group, and diet-induced obesity resistant group for 8 weeks and 19 weeks. The effects of short- and long-term high-fat diet on the reproductive organs were determined by measuring sperm count and motility, relative testis weight, testosterone level, pathological changes and apoptosis of Leydig cells. Oxidative stress was evaluated by determining malondialdehyde, H2O2, NO levels, and GSH in testis tissues. CAT, SOD, GSH-Px and Nrf2 mRNA were measured by real-time PCR. Results. Short- and long-term high-fat diet decreased sperm count and motility, relative testis weight, testosterone level; decreased CAT, SOD, GSH-Px and Nrf2 mRNA expression; increased MDA, H2O2, NO and leptin levels; inhibited the activity of CAT and GSH-Px enzymes. Pathological injury and apoptosis of Leydig cells were found in testis tissue. Conclusions. Pathological damage of Leydig cells, oxidative stress in testis tissue, and high level of leptin may provide some evidence to clarify the mechanisms of male SH in obesity.

  1. Recombinant Human Leptin Does Not Alter Gut Hormone Levels after Gastric Bypass but May Attenuate Sweet Cravings

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Rushika Conroy

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available Bariatric surgery improves glucose homeostasis and alters gut hormones partly independent of weight loss. Leptin plays a role in these processes; levels are decreased following bariatric surgery, creating a relative leptin insufficiency. We previously showed that leptin administration in a weight-reduced state after Roux-en-Y gastric bypass (RYGB caused no further weight loss. Here, we discuss the impact of leptin administration on gut hormones, glucostasis, and appetite. Weight stable women after RYGB were randomized to receive placebo or recombinant human metreleptin (0.05 mg/kg twice daily. At weeks 0 and 16, a liquid meal challenge was performed. Glucose, insulin, C-peptide, GLP-1, PYY, glucagon, and ghrelin (total, acyl, and desacyl were measured fasting and postprandially. Appetite was assessed using a visual analog scale. Mean post-op period was 53±2.3 months; mean BMI was 34.6±0.2 kg/m2. At 16 weeks, there was no significant change in weight within or between groups. Fasting PYY was significantly different between groups and the leptin group had lower sweets craving at week 16 than the placebo group (P<0.05. No other differences were observed. Leptin replacement does not alter gut hormones or glucostasis but may diminish sweet cravings compared to placebo in this population of post-RYGB women.

  2. Adiponectin, leptin, and yoga practice.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kiecolt-Glaser, Janice K; Christian, Lisa M; Andridge, Rebecca; Hwang, Beom Seuk; Malarkey, William B; Belury, Martha A; Emery, Charles F; Glaser, Ronald

    2012-12-05

    To address the mechanisms underlying hatha yoga's potential stress-reduction benefits, we compared adiponectin and leptin data from well-matched novice and expert yoga practitioners. These adipocytokines have counter-regulatory functions in inflammation; leptin plays a proinflammatory role, while adiponectin has anti-inflammatory properties. Fifty healthy women (mean age=41.32, range=30-65), 25 novices and 25 experts, provided fasting blood samples during three separate visits. Leptin was 36% higher among novices compared to experts, P=.008. Analysis of adiponectin revealed a borderline effect of yoga expertise, P=.08; experts' average adiponectin levels were 28% higher than novices across the three visits. In contrast, experts' average adiponectin to leptin ratio was nearly twice that of novices, P=.009. Frequency of self-reported yoga practice showed significant negative relationships with leptin; more weeks of yoga practice over the last year, more lifetime yoga sessions, and more years of yoga practice were all significantly associated with lower leptin, with similar findings for the adiponectin to leptin ratio. Novices and experts did not show even marginal differences on behavioral and physiological dimensions that might represent potential confounds, including BMI, central adiposity, cardiorespiratory fitness, and diet. Prospective studies addressing increased risk for type II diabetes, hypertension, and cardiovascular disease have highlighted the importance of these adipocytokines in modulating inflammation. Although these health risks are clearly related to more extreme values then we found in our healthy sample, our data raise the possibility that longer-term and/or more intensive yoga practice could have beneficial health consequences by altering leptin and adiponectin production. Copyright © 2012 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

  3. Association of the Ala16Val MnSOD gene polymorphism with plasma leptin levels and oxidative stress biomarkers in obese patients.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Becer, Eda; Çırakoğlu, Ayşe

    2015-08-15

    Chronic oxidative stress is a major characteristic of obesity. Manganese superoxide dismutase (MnSOD) is an antioxidant enzyme known to be present within mitochondria and is considered a main defense against oxidative stress. The aim of this study was to investigate the association between the MnSOD gene Ala16Val polymorphism in obesity in terms of body mass index (BMI), lipid parameters, plasma leptin levels, homeostasis model assessment of insulin resistance (HOMA-IR), and oxidative stress biomarkers. The study included 150 obese and 120 non-obese subjects. The MnSOD Ala16Val polymorphism was determined by polymerase chain reaction-restriction fragment length polymorphism (PCR-RFLP). Plasma leptin levels, serum lipid, superoxide dismutase (SOD), malondialdehyde (MDA), and anthropometric parameters were measured. No association was found between the MnSOD gene Ala16Val polymorphism and BMI in the study or control group. Strikingly, in the study group, obese subjects with the VV genotype had significantly higher plasma leptin levels (p<0.001) than those with the AA and AV genotypes. Serum total cholesterol (p<0.01) and MDA (p<0.001) levels were significantly higher in subjects with the VV genotype for MnSOD in the obese and non-obese groups. In the obese group, subjects with the VV genotype had significantly lower SOD (p<0.001) activity than the AA and AV genotypes. Our results suggest that the MnSOD gene polymorphism was associated with leptin levels and superoxide dismutase activity in the obese group but had no direct association with obesity. Moreover, the Ala16Val polymorphism has a significant effect on lipid profiles and MDA levels in both obese and non-obese subjects.

  4. The effect of combined exercise training on plasma Leptin levels and hormonal factors in overweight men

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    saeed Emamdost

    2014-06-01

    Full Text Available Background: The purpose of this study was to determine the effect of a period of combined exercise training on the plasma leptin level and hormonal factors in overweight men.   Materials and Methods: The subjects of this research consisted of thirty males (22-42 years old, BMI ≥29 who randomly were divided into experimental (n=15 and control groups(n=15. The experimental group performed for 8 weeks aerobic and resistance training, 3 sessions per week and each session included 10-12 station strength training at 75-70% of One Repetition Maximum (1RM for the first 4 weeks and at 75-80% of 1RM for the second 4 weeks. At the end, 10 minutes aerobic runing training at 70-75% of MHR in the first 4 weeks and 13 minute at 75-80% of MHR in the second 4 weeks were conducted.   Results: Leptin, body weight, Body Mass Index (BMI and insulin significantly decreased after the training ((P<0.05. However, There were no significant differences in the serum levels of cortisol and testosteron after 8 weeks concurrent training. The ratio of testosteron to cortisol (T/C in the experimental group showed a slight increase.   Conclusion: Generally, it appears that decrease of leptin due to a period of combined exercise training is more associated with reduce of body fat, weight and BMI than the change of testosteron or cortisol. In contrast to most researches, it seems that combined exercise training is more effective.

  5. Fish Oil N-3 Fatty Acids Increase Adiponectin and Decrease Leptin Levels in Patients with Systemic Lupus Erythematosus

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    Marcell Alysson Batisti Lozovoy

    2015-02-01

    Full Text Available Cardiovascular disease (CVD has emerged as an important cause of death in patients with systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE. Reduced adiponectin and elevated leptin levels may contribute to CVD in SLE patients. The purpose of this study was to verify the effects of fish oil (FO on adiponectin and leptin in patients with SLE. Biochemical and disease activity analysis were performed. Patients with SLE were divided in two groups: patients who used fish oil for four months and patients who did not use fish oil. Patients with SLE who used FO had a significant decrease in SLE disease activity index (SLEDAI score (p ˂ 0.023 in relation to baseline. SLE patients who used fish oil had increased adiponectin levels (p ˂ 0.026 and decreased leptin levels (p ˂ 0.024 compared to baseline values, whereas there were no differences in adiponectin and leptin levels in patients with SLE who did not use fish oil. In conclusion, the findings of increased serum adiponectin an decreased leptin levels after 120 days in the fish oil group, reinforce the importance of evaluating prospective studies of fish and fish oil fish ingestion on these adipokines in an attempt to decrease cardiovascular risk factors in patients with SLE.

  6. Leptin promoter variant G2548A is associated with serum leptin and HDL-C levels in a case control observational study in association with obesity in a Pakistani cohort

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    Shabana; Shahida Hasnain

    2016-06-01

    Leptin is a protein hormone synthesized by adipocytes and is involved in the regulation of food intake and energy expenditure. We hypothesized that any change in the promoter sequence can affect the expression of the gene and hence leptin protein levels in the serum. The aim of the current study was to investigate the relationship of such a promoter variant of the leptin gene, G-2548A polymorphism, with obesity and its effect on various anthropometric and metabolic parameters in a Pakistani cohort consisting of 250 obese and 225 non-obese control subjects. Body weight, height, waist circumference (WC), hip circumference (HC) and blood pressure (BP) were measured by standard methods and levels of fasting blood glucose (FBG), total cholesterol, triglycerides, HDLC, LDLC, and leptin were determined. Genotyping was done by polymerase chain reaction-restriction fragment length polymorphism (PCR-RFLP). The results showed that the LEP G-2548A polymorphism showed significant association with obesity in Pakistan. In addition, the polymorphism showed association with weight, height, BMI, WC, HDLC and serum leptin levels. The findings suggest that the leptin promoter G-2548A variant may play its part in the progression to obesity by not only affecting the body’s fat distribution but also by changing the serum leptin and HDLC levels.

  7. Effects of metformin treatment on blood leptin and ghrelin levels in patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ida, Satoshi; Murata, Kazuya; Kaneko, Ryutaro

    2017-05-01

    The aim of the present study was to conduct a meta-analysis of randomized controlled trials (RCTs) that investigated the effects of metformin on blood leptin and ghrelin levels in patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM). Literature searches were performed using MEDLINE, Cochrane Controlled Trials Registry, and ClinicalTrials.gov, and RCTs that investigated the effects of metformin on blood leptin and ghrelin levels in patients with T2DM were selected. Standardized mean differences (SMDs) and 95 % confidence intervals (CIs) were calculated. Twelve RCTs met the eligibility criteria and were included in the meta-analysis. There was no significant difference in blood leptin between the metformin and control groups (SMD 0.03; 95 % CI -0.35 %, 0.42 %; P = 0.86), although there was a significant difference in blood leptin levels between the metformin group and the group on oral antidiabetic drugs (OADs) other than metformin (SMD -0.39; 95 % CI -0.76 %, -0.01 %; P = 0.04). There were no significant differences in blood ghrelin levels. Metformin treatment was not associated with a decrease in blood leptin levels in patients with T2DM compared with levels in patients in the control group. Moreover, metformin treatment was not associated with increases in blood ghrelin levels compared with the control and other OADs groups. However, blood leptin levels were significantly lower in the metformin compared with the other OADs group. © 2016 Ruijin Hospital, Shanghai Jiaotong University School of Medicine and John Wiley & Sons Australia, Ltd.

  8. Leptin hormone in obese and non-obese stable and exacerbated cases of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease

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    Ahmad Elsayed Mahmoud

    2015-07-01

    Conclusion: Serum leptin hormone level (ng/ml was significantly higher in obese COPD cases than in controls and non-obese cases and during exacerbation than in stability which indicates that leptin plays a role in the systemic inflammatory process. Serum leptin hormone level positively correlated with BMI (kg/m2.

  9. Levels of adiponectin and leptin at onset of type 1 diabetes have changed over time in children and adolescents

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Safai, Narges; Eising, Stefanie; Hougaard, David Michael

    2015-01-01

    in children with type 1 diabetes mellitus (T1D) in relation to the increasing incidence of T1D, and studied the impact of patient status, age, gender and body mass index (BMI). Data were derived from a population-based registry of diabetic children (DanDiabKids) from 1997 to 2005. Children with newly......Adiponectin and leptin are proteins secreted by the adipose tissue and have an influence on insulin sensitivity and on inflammatory markers. Altered levels could play a part in the pathogenesis of type 1 diabetes mellitus. We determined adiponectin and leptin levels over a nine-year period...

  10. Development of a specific radioimmunoassay to measure physiological changes of circulating leptin in cattle and sheep.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ehrhardt, R A; Slepetis, R M; Siegal-Willott, J; Van Amburgh, M E; Bell, A W; Boisclair, Y R

    2000-09-01

    Studies of leptin in large domestic ruminants have been limited to measurements of gene expression because methods to measure circulating levels are not available. To develop a bovine leptin radioimmunoassay, we produced recombinant bovine leptin and used it to immunize rabbits, and to prepare bovine leptin tracer and standards. A single antiserum with sufficient affinity and titer was identified. Using this antiserum, logit-transformed binding of (125)I-labeled bovine leptin was linearly related (R(2)= 0.99) to the log of added bovine or ovine leptin between 0.1 to 2.0 ng. Serial dilution of bovine and ovine plasma, chicken serum and bovine milk gave displacement curves that were parallel to those of bovine or ovine leptin. Recoveries of external addition of bovine leptin in ewe and cow plasma ranged between 94 and 104%. Plasma leptin concentration measured by this assay was directly related to the plane of! nutrition in growing calves and lambs. At 11-14 weeks of age, ewe lambs had a higher circulating leptin concentration than ram lambs. Finally, plasma leptin concentration was linearly related to the fat content of the empty carcass in growing cattle and to body condition score in lactating dairy cows. We conclude that circulating leptin in sheep and cattle is increased by fatness and plane of nutrition, consistent with results in humans and rodents. This assay provides an important tool to investigate mechanisms that regulate plasma leptin in cattle and sheep.

  11. Anti-inflammatory effect of exercise, via reduced leptin levels, in obese women with Down syndrome.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ordoñez, Francisco J; Fornieles-Gonzalez, Gabriel; Camacho, Alejandra; Rosety, Miguel A; Rosety, Ignacio; Diaz, Antonio J; Rosety-Rodriguez, Manuel

    2013-06-01

    Recent studies have reported that obese young people with Down syndrome suffer from low-grade systemic inflammation. Whereas this condition may be improved in the general population by regular exercise, the problem has received no attention in the case of people with intellectual disability. Therefore, the authors' aim was to assess the influence of aerobic training on plasma adipokines in obese women with Down syndrome. Twenty obese young women with Down syndrome volunteered for this study, 11 of whom were randomly assigned to a 10-wk aerobic-training program. They attended 3 sessions/wk, which consisted of warm-up exercises followed by the main activity on a treadmill (30-40 min) at a work intensity of 55-65% of peak heart rate and ended with a cooling-down period. The control group included 9 women with Down syndrome matched for age, sex, and body-mass index. Fat-mass percentage and distribution were measured, and plasma adipokine levels (leptin and adiponectin) were assessed. In addition, each participant performed a maximal graded continuous treadmill exercise test. These parameters were assessed pre- and postintervention. Aerobic training produced a significant increase in participants' maximal oxygen uptake (20.2 ± 5.8 vs.23.7 ± 6.3 ml · kg-1 · min-1; p obesity were found. In contrast, no significant changes were found in adiponectin levels (p > .05). None of the tested parameters changed in the control group. In conclusion, a 10-week training program reduced leptin levels in obese young women with Down syndrome.

  12. Leptin plasma concentrations, leptin gene expression, and protein localization in the hypothalamic-pituitary-gonadal and hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal axes of the European beaver (Castor fiber).

    Science.gov (United States)

    Chojnowska, Katarzyna; Czerwinska, Joanna; Kaminski, Tadeusz; Kaminska, Barbara; Kurzynska, Aleksandra; Bogacka, Iwona

    2017-01-01

    The European beaver (Castor fiber) is the largest seasonal free-living rodent in Eurasia. Since the physiology and endocrine system of this species remains unknown, the present study aimed to determine plasma leptin concentrations and the expression of the leptin gene and protein in the hypothalamic-pituitary-gonadal and hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal (HPG and HPA) axes of beavers during breeding (April), postbreeding (July), and prebreeding (November) seasons. Leptin plasma concentrations did not change in females, whereas in males, leptin plasma concentrations were higher in July than those in April. The presence of leptin mRNA and protein was found in all examined tissues. In females, leptin mRNA expression in the hypothalamus, pituitary, ovaries, and myometrium was markedly higher in July than that in April. In males, leptin mRNA levels varied across the examined tissues of the HPG and HPA. Leptin synthesis increased in the hypothalamus during breeding and postbreeding seasons, but seasonal changes were not observed in the pituitary. In turn, testicular leptin levels were higher during breeding and prebreeding stages. Seasonal differences in the concentrations of leptin mRNA were also observed in the adrenal cortex. In males, leptin mRNA levels were higher in November than those in April or July. In females, leptin synthesis increased in the adrenal cortex during pregnancy relative to other seasons. This is the first ever study to demonstrate seasonal differences in leptin expression in beaver tissues, and our results could suggest that leptin is involved in the regulation of the HPG and HPA axes during various stages of the reproductive cycle in beavers. Copyright © 2016 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

  13. The role of leptin in the pathophysiology of rheumatoid arthritis.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Toussirot, Éric; Michel, Fabrice; Binda, Delphine; Dumoulin, Gilles

    2015-11-01

    The past 20 years of research on leptin has provided important insights into its role in rheumatoid arthritis (RA). Leptin is one of the different adipokines produced by the adipose tissue that influences the endocrine system, energy homeostasis and the immune response in several ways. Leptin is known to have predominantly pro-inflammatory effects, especially in the setting of chronic inflammation. Animal models of arthritis have illustrated well the participation of leptin in the inflammatory response within the joints. In patients with RA, numerous studies have evaluated the concentrations of leptin in the bloodstream and/or the joint cavity, showing higher levels compared to control populations. Leptin has also been found to correlate with clinical or biological measurements of disease activity of RA. Conversely, the relationship between serum leptin and joint structural damage is less evident. Leptin may also promote the development of atherosclerosis in RA and may contribute to the cardiovascular consequences of the metabolic syndrome that coexists with RA. Indeed, leptin could be a link between inflammation, metabolic risk factors and cardiovascular diseases in RA. Finally, due to abnormal body composition phenotypes with an increased prevalence of obesity in RA, the therapeutic response to traditional DMARDs and/or biological agents may be attenuated. This review discusses the multiple interplays that have been described between leptin and the clinical, radiographic and therapeutic aspects of RA.

  14. Expression of Obesity Hormone Leptin in Human Colorectal Cancer

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Jin-chun Cong; Xian-wei Dai; Ming-yang Shen; Jun-jiang Wang; Chun-sheng Chen; Hong Zhang; Lei Qiao

    2009-01-01

    Objective: The obesity hormone, leptin, has been found to participate in the development and proliferation of normal and malignant tissues. The aim of this study was to evaluate the role of leptin in human colorectal cancer.Methods: Serum leptin levels were measured via ABC-ELLSA in 30 colorectal cancers and 24 normal controls. Leptin concentration in colorectal cancer was analyzed in terms of selected clinicopathological features and some oncogenes.Results: The mean concentration of leptin was significantly higher for colorectal cancers(3.54±1.46 ng/ml) than normal controls(2.27±0.99 ng/ml), no gender difference was observed in this study. Leptin expression in poorly differentiated tumors was obviously lower than those in moderately and well differentiated tumors. There were no statistically significant correlations between leptin and the serum CEA and CA199 in colorectal cancers (P>0.05), and between leptin and the expressions of K-RAS, P53, APC, DCC genes in tumor tissues (P>0.05).Conclusion: Leptin is overexpressed in human colorectal cancer, which is related to the differentiation degrees of the tumor. There is no correlation between leptin expression and chages of oncogenes in colorectal cancers.

  15. Reduced leptin level is independently of fat mass changes and hunger scores from high-intensity intermittent plus strength training.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Inoue, Daniela S; Gonçalves Panissa, Valéria L; Mello Antunes, Barbara; Poleto de Oliveira, Flaviane; Bernardes Malta, Raoni; Santos Caldeira, Renan; Zapaterra Campos, Eduardo; Duarte Pimentel, Gustavo; Franchini, Emerson; Santos Lira, Fábio

    2017-05-09

    This study aimed to analyze the effects of high-intensity intermittent training (HIIT) plus strength training on body composition, hormone related to energetic balance (leptin), and hunger scores in physically active non-obese men. Sixteen men were allocated in two different groups, training group (n=10) performed a combined HIIT (5 km, 1 min of effort interspersed by 1 min of rest in passive recovery) followed by strength exercise session (three sets, with load of 8-12 repetition maximum) twice a week, during 8 weeks, while control group (n=6) did not suffer any intervention. Hunger scores, leptin concentrations and body composition were assessed. Body composition, fasting leptin and hunger score were compared through two-way analysis (group and period) with repeated measures in the second factor while leptin and hunger scores in exercise session pre- and post-8weeks through two-way analysis (period and time of measurement) with repeated measures in the second factor. The fasting leptin decreased pre- to post-8week in training group (7.7 ± 4.9 to 2.9 ± 2.1 ng/ml; p = 0.012). For leptin response to exercise session there was main effect of training period, with higher values pre- (6.5 ± 3.9 ng/ml) than post-training (2.6 ± 2.1 ng/ml; p < 0.001). For hunger scores there was effect of time of measurement (p <0.001), decreasing after breakfast and increasing over the experiment. Combined HIIT plus strength training were able to promote alterations in a hormone related to energy balance independent of body composition and hunger index alterations in physically active non-obese men.

  16. Exercise-Associated Amenorrhea: Are Altered Leptin Levels an Early Warning Sign?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Warren, Michelle P.; Ramos, Russalind H.; Bronson, Emily M.

    2002-01-01

    Although the exact cause of the female athlete triad (amenorrhea, disordered eating, and osteoporosis) is unknown, recent research implicates leptin, a hormone secreted by adipocytes. Leptin may be an important indicator of nutritional status and may play a role in reproductive function. Physicians who develop a plan for early recognition and…

  17. Leptin levels are associated with fat oxidation and dietary-induced weight loss in obesity

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Verdich, C; Toubro, S; Buemann, B

    2001-01-01

    To examine the relationship between fasting plasma leptin and 24-hour energy expenditure (EE), substrate oxidation, and spontaneous physical activity (SPA) in obese subjects before and after a major weight reduction compared with normal weight controls. To test fasting plasma leptin, substrate ox...

  18. Leptin increases HER2 protein levels through a STAT3-mediated up-regulation of Hsp90 in breast cancer cells.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Giordano, Cinzia; Vizza, Donatella; Panza, Salvatore; Barone, Ines; Bonofiglio, Daniela; Lanzino, Marilena; Sisci, Diego; De Amicis, Francesca; Fuqua, Suzanne A W; Catalano, Stefania; Andò, Sebastiano

    2013-06-01

    Obesity condition confers risks to breast cancer development and progression, and several reports indicate that the adipokine leptin, whose synthesis and plasma levels increase with obesity, might play an important role in modulating breast cancer cell phenotype. Functional crosstalk occurring between leptin and different signaling molecules contribute to breast carcinogenesis. In this study, we show, in different human breast cancer cell lines, that leptin enhanced the expression of a chaperone protein Hsp90 resulting in increased HER2 protein levels. Silencing of Hsp90 gene expression by RNA interference abrogated leptin-mediated HER2 up-regulation. Leptin effects were dependent on JAK2/STAT3 activation, since inhibition of this signaling cascade by AG490 or ectopic expression of a STAT3 dominant negative abrogated leptin-induced HER2 and Hsp90 expressions. Functional experiments showed that leptin treatment significantly up-regulated human Hsp90 promoter activity. This occurred through an enhanced STAT3 transcription factor binding to its specific responsive element located in the Hsp90 promoter region as revealed by electrophoretic mobility shift assay and chromatin immunoprecipitation assay. Analysis of HER2, Akt and MAPK phosphorylation levels revealed that leptin treatment amplified the responsiveness of breast cancer cells to growth factor stimulation. Furthermore, we found that long-term leptin exposure reduced sensitivity of breast cancer cells to the antiestrogen tamoxifen. In the same experimental conditions, the combined treatment of tamoxifen with the Hsp90 inhibitor 17-AAG completely abrogated leptin-induced anchorage-independent breast cancer cell growth. In conclusion, our results highlight, for the first time, the ability of the adipocyte-secreted factor leptin to modulate Hsp90/HER2 expressions in breast cancer cells providing novel insights into the molecular mechanism linking obesity to breast cancer growth and progression.

  19. Effects of central infusion and immunoneutralization of growth hormone on the timing of puberty and plasma leptin levels in the female rat

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Zeinoaldini, S.; Swarts, J.J.M.; Heijning, van de B.J.M.

    2006-01-01

    Growth hormone (GH) levels increase during puberty though its role in puberty onset is still unclear. An interaction is suggested between GH and leptin, as triggering factor of puberty. To evaluate the role of GH on the timing of puberty and its relation with leptin, we centrally administered recomb

  20. Response of Leptin and C-reactive Protein Serum Levels to 12 Weeks Moderate Intensity Aerobic Exercise in Obese Men

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sonia Ghiasi

    2017-01-01

    Full Text Available The aim of this study was to investigate the effect of 12 weeks moderate intensity aerobic exercise on leptin and C-reactive protein serum levels in obese men. The study was conducted in Urmia- Iran in 2015. Twenty-four obese men with an aged range 40-50 yrs. were enrolled into the study. Subjects were randomized to one of 2 groups exercise (n=12 and control groups (n=12. The exercise group performed aerobic exercise training up to 50-70 % heart rate reserve, three times a week for 12 weeks. Leptin and CRP serum level was measured by ELISA method before and after the 12 weeks. After 12 weeks exercise training, leptin and CRP serum level in the exercise group compared to the control group, were decreased significantly (P<0.05. To sum up, 12 weeks moderate intensity aerobic exercise in the reduction of CRP and leptin concentration had a prominent role that might be effective in reducing weight and improving cardiovascular risk factors.

  1. Changes in Serum Leptin Levels during r-hGH Treatment in Growth Hormone-Deficient Children

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    WEI; Hong(

    2001-01-01

    [1]宁聪 江琼 魏虹等.复合刺激试验测定小儿下丘脑-垂体轴功能.中华儿科杂志 1992 30:99[2]Frank R Frank W Piera E et al.Serum Leptin is suppressed by growth hormone therapy in growth hormonedeficient children.Hormone Research 1998 50:18[3]Hisafumi M Hans F Ihgvar B et al.Changes in body composition and leptin levels during growth hormone (GH) treatment in short children with various GH secretory capacities.Eur J Endocrinology 1999 140:35[4]Amira E Ann C Svante N et al.Growth hormone treatment downregulates serum leptin levels in children independent of changes in body mass index.Hormone Research 1999 52:66[5]Blum W F Englaro P Hanitsch S et al.Plasma leptin levels in healthy children and adolescents:Dependence on body mass index body fat mass gender pubertal stage and testosterone.J Clin Endocrinol Metab 1997 82:2904

  2. Leptin impairs cardiovagal baroreflex function at the level of the solitary tract nucleus.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Arnold, Amy C; Shaltout, Hossam A; Gallagher, Patricia E; Diz, Debra I

    2009-11-01

    Circulating leptin is elevated in some forms of obesity-related hypertension, associated with impaired baroreflex function. Leptin receptors are present on vagal afferent fibers and neurons within the solitary tract nucleus, providing an anatomic distribution consistent with baroreflex modulation. Although solitary tract nucleus microinjection of 144 fmol/60 nL of leptin had no significant effect on baroreflex sensitivity for control of the heart rate in urethane/chloralose-anesthetized Sprague-Dawley rats, 500 fmol of leptin impaired baroreflex sensitivity for bradycardia in response to increases in pressure (1.15+/-0.04 versus 0.52+/-0.12 ms/mm Hg; P<0.01). Transgenic ASrAOGEN rats with low brain angiotensinogen have an upregulation of the leptin receptor and p85 alpha mRNA in the dorsal medulla relative to Sprague-Dawley rats. Consistent with these observations, the response to leptin was enhanced in ASrAOGEN rats, because both the 144-fmol (1.46+/-0.08 versus 0.75+/-0.10 ms/mm Hg; P<0.001) and 500-fmol (1.36+/-0.32 versus 0.44+/-0.06 ms/mm Hg; P<0.05) leptin microinjections impaired baroreflex sensitivity. At these doses, leptin microinjection had no effect on resting pressure, heart rate, or the tachycardic response to decreases in pressure in Sprague-Dawley or ASrAOGEN rats. Thus, exogenous leptin at sites within the solitary tract nucleus impairs the baroreflex sensitivity for bradycardia induced by increases in arterial pressure, consistent with a permissive role in mediating increases in arterial pressure. Baroreflex inhibition was enhanced in animals with evidence of increased leptin receptor and relevant signaling pathway mRNA.

  3. Effects of polymorphisms of leptin receptor gene 3057 G/A on serum leptin level of senile depressive patients%瘦素受体基因3057G/A多态性对老年抑郁症患者血清瘦素水平的影响

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    刘玉局; 马海波; 赵蓓; 刘阳; 袁勇贵

    2012-01-01

    .Results (1) The differences of leptin receptor genotypes and allele distribution in the 3 groups were not found (all P > 0.05).(2) Serum leptin level in senile depressive patients with type 2 diabetes and without type 2 diabetic patients ((41.65 ± 28.19) ng/ml,(25.56 ± 21.04) ng/ml) were significantly higher than the normal people ((10.84 ± 9.16) ng/ml) (all P < 0.05).Serum leptin level in senile depressive patients with type 2 diabetes were significantly higher than without type 2 diabetic patients(P< 0.05).(3) The serum leptin level in genotype AA senile depressive patients with type 2 diabetes were significantly higher than genotype AA patients without type 2 diabetes.The differences of the serum leptin levels in genotype AA senile depressive patients without type 2 diabetes and genotype AG/GG patients without type 2 diabetes were not found(P > 0.05).The differences of the serum leptin level in genotype AA and genotype AG/GG in normal groups were not found (P> 0.05).Conclusion Senile depressive patients have higher serum leptin level.The serum leptin level is higher,especially with type 2 diabetes.Serum leptin level is related to type 2 diabetes.Serum leptin level is not related to the polymorphisms of leptin receptor gene 3057 G/A.Type 2 diabetes are not related to polymorphisms of leptin receptor gene 3057 G/A.

  4. Effect of exogenous leptin on serum levels of lipids, glucose, renal and hepatic variables in both genders of obese and streptozotocin-induced diabetic rats

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Parichehr Hayatdavoudi

    2015-11-01

    Full Text Available Objective(s: Leptin exerts various effects on appetite and body weight. Disruption of the obesitygene is precedent to fatness. Insulin or glucose elevates leptin, but streptozotocin reduces it. However, controversial data exist for the effects of leptin on diabetes and leptin level in each gender. Leptin can damage the kidney function but little evidence exists for its hepatic effects. The aim of this study was to investigate the probable sex-dependent differences in blood sugar levels, lipid profile, and renal and hepatic biochemical factors in the obesity and streptozotocin-induced diabetic rats after leptin administration. Materials and Methods: Wistar rats of both sexes were randomly divided into two groups, namely obese and diabetic rats. Each group was further divided into male and female subgroups. Extra fat and carbohydrate was added to the diet to induce obesity. Furthermore, streptozotocin (55 mg/kg, IP was injected to induce diabetes. The treatment groups received leptin (0.1 mg/kg SC for 10 days, and then, blood samples were taken from the orbital sinus for laboratory evaluations. Results: Leptin resulted in a significant weight loss in both sexes (P

  5. Gender-specific effect of Pro12Ala polymorphism in peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor gamma-2 gene on obesity risk and leptin levels in a Tunisian population.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ben Ali, Samir; Ben Yahia, Fatma; Sediri, Yousra; Kallel, Amani; Ftouhi, Bochra; Feki, Moncef; Elasmi, Monia; Haj-Taieb, Sameh; Souheil, Omar; Sanhagi, Haifa; Slimane, Hedia; Jemaa, Riadh; Kaabachi, Naziha

    2009-11-01

    This study was undertaken to investigate the impact of the Pro12Ala (rs1801282) polymorphism of the peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor gamma-2 (PPARgamma-2) gene on obesity or body mass index (BMI) and plasma leptin, insulin, adiponectin and lipid levels in a sample of the Tunisian population. The study included 387 obese patients and 288 control subjects. The Pro12Ala genotype was determined by polymerase chain reaction followed by a digestion with the restriction of endonuclease BstUI. In the whole population, there is no significant difference in genotype frequencies of the Pro12Ala polymorphism between obese patients and controls. However, separate analysis by gender revealed that obese men (but not women) had significantly higher frequency of Pro/Ala genotypes compared to controls (12.2% vs. 4.1%; chi(2)=6.76, p=0.009). In comparison to Pro/Pro homozygotes, Ala-allele bearers had a significantly higher risk of obesity [OR (95% CI)=3.26 (1.28-8.33)]. When obese subjects were stratified according to type 2 diabetes status, the association with obesity was only significant in obese non-diabetic patients [OR (95% CI)=3.74 (1.43-9.74), p=0.007]. Additionally, obese male patients carrying the Ala-allele had significantly higher body mass index (p=0.007) and plasma leptin levels (p=0.023) compared to those homozygous for Pro-allele. The significant effect of Pro12Ala polymorphism on plasma leptin levels disappeared after adjustment for age and BMI. The present study provides evidence that the Pro12Ala polymorphism of the PPARgamma-2 gene is associated with obesity in non-diabetic men from Tunisian origin.

  6. Anticontractile effect of perivascular adipose tissue and leptin are reduced in hypertension

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Beatriz eGálvez-Prieto

    2012-06-01

    Full Text Available Leptin causes vasodilatation both by endothelium-dependent and -independent mechanisms. Leptin is synthetized by perivascular adipose tissue (PVAT. The hypothesis of this study is that a decrease of leptin production in PVAT of spontaneously rats (SHR might contribute to a diminished paracrine anti-contractile effect of the hormone. We have determined in aorta from Wistar Kyoto (WKY and SHR i leptin mRNA and protein levels in PVAT, ii the effect of leptin and PVAT on contractile responses, and iii leptin-induced relaxation and NO production. Leptin mRNA and protein expression were signifcantly lower in PVAT from SHR. Concentration-response curves to angiotensin II were significantly blunted in presence of PVAT as well as by exogenous leptin (10-9 M only in WKY. This anticontratile effect was endothelium-dependent. Vasodilatation induced by leptin was smaller in SHR than in WKY, and was also endothelium-dependent. Moreover, release of endothelial NO in response to acute leptin was higher in WKY compared to SHR, but completely abolished in the absence of endothelium. In conclusion, the reduced anticontractile effect of PVAT in SHR might be attributed to a reduced PVAT-derived leptin and to an abrogated effect of leptin on endothelial NO release probably due to an impaired activation of eNOS.

  7. Two isoforms of leptin in the White-clouds Mountain minnow (Tanichthys albonubes): Differential regulation by estrogen despite similar response to fasting.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Chen, Ting; Chen, Shuang; Ren, Chunhua; Hu, Chaoqun; Tang, Dongsheng; Yan, Aifen

    2016-01-01

    Leptin has been well-established as a canonical anorexic peptide hormone in mammals, though much of its function in fish remains obscure. In this study, the cDNAs of two leptin isoforms (leptin-A and leptin-B) were cloned from the liver of a small cyprinid fish, Tanichthys albonubes. The two T. albonubes leptins, sharing low primary amino acid sequence homology with their mammalian counterparts, and between themselves, are highly conserved in three-dimensional protein structures and gene structures. Liver is a major source of leptin mRNA in T. albonubes with leptin-A being the dominant form. The expression of hepatic leptin-A but not leptin-B mRNA in female fish is significantly higher than in male fish. Transcriptional hepatic levels of leptin-A and leptin-B in both male and female fish were demonstrated to increase after long-term fasting (10-25days) but decline upon re-feeding (3days). Strikingly, estrogen (E2) administration induced only leptin-A but not leptin-B hepatic mRNA expression in both male and female fish. Our study here provides the first evidence for differential regulation of two leptins in fish, and sheds new light on the possible origin of leptin in lower vertebrates.

  8. Serum leptin levels in children and adolescents with insulin-dependent diabetes mellitus in relation to metabolic control and body mass index

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Kiess, W; Anil, M; Blum, W F

    1998-01-01

    The ob protein, termed leptin, is produced by adipocytes and is thought to act as an afferent satiety signal regulating weight through suppressing appetite and stimulating energy expenditure in humans and/or rodents. Insulin has been found to be a potent stimulator of leptin expression in rodents....... It is unclear at present whether this insulin action is a direct or an indirect effect. To investigate whether leptin concentrations in children and adolescents with type 1 diabetes (IDDM) were related to metabolic status, body weight, body mass index and insulin treatment, we have measured leptin...... compared with normative data that were derived from a large cohort of healthy children and adolescents. Serum from children with newly diagnosed diabetes had significantly lower levels of leptin (mean 1.28+/-1.60 ng/ml, range 0.14-6.13 ng/ml) compared with healthy children (n=710) (mean 2.2 ng/ml, range 0...

  9. 能量营养对leptin表达水平的效应及调控%Effects and regulation of energy nutrient on the expression level of leptin

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李勇; 王宝杰; 郭振宇; 王雷

    2004-01-01

    Leptin is a new obese gene (ob) product in animal, which related with feed intake, energy balance, lipid metabolism, reproduction and so on. The advances were summarized on structure, secretion and function of leptin. The effects and regulation of energy nutrient on the expression level of leptin were introduced, and the application prospects in aquatic animals were also discussed. Obesity is not the main problem of aquatic animal production, but the improvement of carcass quality and reproduction is the central goal of aquaculture. Some study indicated, leptin has had the remarkable regulative effect on lipid metabolism and neuroendocrine, the regulation of feed intake and energy balance could promote muscle produce, reproduction, milk secretion etc, at the same time the leptin expression of ob gene was affected and regulated by adipose tissue volume and cell size, energy intake, some hormones and so on. Therefore, ob gene and leptin not only have influence on gene effect of adipose deposit and improvement of carcass quality in aquaculture, but also show the potential that the Leptin expression could be regulated through nutritional ways. Energy intake, energy utilization and lipid metabolism could be regulated by feed intake, energy assembling of diet, gain range and so on, consequently which regulated the expression of ob gene and the output, the sensitivity, the receptor activity of its product leptin, ultimately the objective of improvement of carcass quality, increase of reproduction, regulation of physiological metabolism and healthy protection could come true. To get this goal is possible and has important theory significance and practical value.

  10. Short term exposure to elevated levels of leptin reduces proximal tubule cell metabolic activity.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Briffa, Jessica F; Grinfeld, Esther; McAinch, Andrew J; Poronnik, Philip; Hryciw, Deanne H

    2014-01-25

    Leptin plays a pathophysiological role in the kidney, however, its acute effects on the proximal tubule cells (PTCs) are unknown. In opossum kidney (OK) cells in vitro, Western blot analysis identified that exposure to leptin increases the phosphorylation of the mitogen-activated protein kinase (MAPK) p44/42 and the mammalian target of rapamycin (mTOR). Importantly leptin (0.05, 0.10, 0.25 and 0.50 μg/ml) significantly reduced the metabolic activity of PTCs, and significantly decreased protein content per cell. Investigation of the role of p44/42 and mTOR on metabolic activity and protein content per cell, demonstrated that in the presence of MAPK inhibitor U0126 and mTOR inhibitor Ku-63794, that the mTOR pathway is responsible for the reduction in PTC metabolic activity in response to leptin. However, p44/42 and mTOR play no role the reduced protein content per cell in OKs exposed to leptin. Therefore, leptin modulates metabolic activity in PTCs via an mTOR regulated pathway.

  11. Increased leptin/leptin receptor pathway affects systemic and airway inflammation in COPD former smokers

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Bruno A

    2011-05-01

    Full Text Available Andreina Bruno1, Marinella Alessi2, Simona Soresi2, Anna Bonanno1, Loredana Riccobono1, Angela Marina Montalbano1, Giusy Daniela Albano1, Mark Gjomarkaj1, Mirella Profita11Institute of Biomedicine and Molecular Immunology, Italian National Research Council, Palermo, Italy; 2Dipartimento Biomedico di Biomedicina Interna e Specialistica, University Palermo, ItalyBackground: Leptin, a hormone produced mainly by adipose tissue, regulates food intake and energy expenditure. It is involved in inflammatory diseases such as chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD and its deficiency is associated with increased susceptibility to the infection. The leptin receptor is expressed in the lung and in the neutrophils.Methods: We measured the levels of leptin, tumor necrosis factor alpha (TNF-a and soluble form of intercellular adhesion molecule-1 (sICAM-1 in sputum and plasma from 27 smoker and former smoker patients with stable COPD using ELISA methods. Further we analyzed leptin and its receptor expression in sputum cells from 16 COPD patients using immunocytochemistry.Results: In plasma of COPD patients, leptin was inversely correlated with TNF-a and positively correlated with the patient weight, whereas the levels of sICAM-1 were positively correlated with TNF-a. In sputum of COPD patients leptin levels were correlated with forced expiratory volume in 1 second/forced vitality capacity. Additionally, increased levels of sputum leptin and TNF-a were observed in COPD former smokers rather than smokers. Further the expression of leptin receptor in sputum neutrophils was significantly higher in COPD former smokers than in smokers, and the expression of leptin and its receptor was positively correlated in neutrophils of COPD former smokers.Conclusion: Our findings suggest a role of leptin in the local and systemic inflammation of COPD and, taking into account the involvement of neutrophils in this inflammatory disease, describe a novel aspect of the leptin/leptin

  12. Increased tissue leptin hormone level and mast cell count in skin tags: A possible role of adipoimmune in the growth of benign skin growths

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    El Safoury Omar

    2010-01-01

    Full Text Available Background: Skin tags (ST are common tumors. They mainly consist of loose fibrous tissue and occur on the neck and major flexures as small, soft, pedunculated protrusions. Decrease in endocrine, hormone level and other factors are thought to play a role in the evolution of ST. Leptin is an adipocyte-derived hormone that acts as a major regulatory hormone for food intake and energy homeostasis. Leptin deficiency or resistance can result in profound obesity and diabetes in humans. A role of mast cell in the pathogenesis of ST is well recognized. Aims: To investigate the role of leptin in the pathogenesis of ST and to clarify whether there is a correlation between mast cell count and leptin level in ST. Methods: Forty-five skin biopsies were taken from 15 patients with ST. From each patient, a biopsy of a large ST (length >4 mm, a small ST (length <2 mm and a normal skin biopsy (as a control were taken. The samples were processed for leptin level. Skin biopsies were stained with hematoxylin and eosin and toluidine blue-uranyl nitrate metachromatic method for mast cell count was used. Results: There was a significant increased level of leptin in the ST compared to the normal skin. It was highly significant in small ST than in big ST (P = 0.0001 and it was highly significant in small and big ST compared to controls, P = 0.0001 and P = 0.001, respectively. There was a significant increase in mast cell count in the ST, which did not correlate with the increased levels of leptin. Conclusion: This is the first report to demonstrate that tissue leptin may play a role in the pathogenesis of ST. The significant increase in the levels of leptin and mast cell count in ST may indicate a possible role of adipoimmune in the benign skin growths.

  13. Leptin-deficiency in mice counteracts imiquimod (IMQ)-induced psoriasis-like skin inflammation while leptin stimulation induces inflammation in human keratinocytes

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Stjernholm, T; Ommen, P; Langkilde, A;

    2016-01-01

    Leptin is an adipocyte-derived cytokine secreted mostly by adipose tissue. Serum leptin levels are elevated in obese individuals and correlate positively with body mass index (BMI). Interestingly, serum leptin levels are also elevated in psoriasis patients and correlate positively with disease...... severity. Psoriasis is associated with obesity; psoriasis patients have a higher incidence of obesity and obese individuals have a higher risk of developing psoriasis. Additionally, obese psoriasis patients experience a more severe degree of psoriasis. In this study, we hypothesised that leptin may link...... psoriasis and obesity and plays an aggravating role in psoriasis. To investigate leptin's role in psoriasis, we applied the widely accepted imiquimod (IMQ) induced psoriasis-like skin inflammation mouse model on leptin-deficient (ob/ob) mice and evaluated psoriasis severity. Moreover, we stimulated human...

  14. The long road to leptin.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Friedman, Jeffrey

    2016-12-01

    Leptin is an adipose tissue hormone that functions as an afferent signal in a negative feedback loop that maintains homeostatic control of adipose tissue mass. This endocrine system thus serves a critical evolutionary function by protecting individuals from the risks associated with being too thin (starvation) or too obese (predation and temperature dysregulation). Mutations in leptin or its receptor cause massive obesity in mice and humans, and leptin can effectively treat obesity in leptin-deficient patients. Leptin acts on neurons in the hypothalamus and elsewhere to elicit its effects, and mutations that affect the function of this neural circuit cause Mendelian forms of obesity. Leptin levels fall during starvation and elicit adaptive responses in many other physiologic systems, the net effect of which is to reduce energy expenditure. These effects include cessation of menstruation, insulin resistance, alterations of immune function, and neuroendocrine dysfunction, among others. Some or all of these effects are also seen in patients with constitutively low leptin levels, such as occur in lipodystrophy. Leptin is an approved treatment for generalized lipodystrophy, a condition associated with severe metabolic disease, and has also shown potential for the treatment of other types of diabetes. In addition, leptin restores reproductive capacity and increases bone mineral density in patients with hypothalamic amenorrhea, an infertility syndrome in females. Most obese patients have high endogenous levels of leptin, in some instances as a result of mutations in the neural circuit on which leptin acts, though in most cases, the pathogenesis of leptin resistance is not known. Obese patients with leptin resistance show a variable response to exogenous leptin but may respond to a combination of leptin plus amylin. Overall, the identification of leptin has provided a framework for studying the pathogenesis of obesity in the general population, clarified the nature of the

  15. G-2548A LEPTIN PROMOTER AND Q223R LEPTIN RECEPTOR POLYMORPHISMS IN OBESE MEXICAN SUBJECTS

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    P. Carrillo-Vazquez Jonathan

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available Leptin interaction with its receptor in the hypothalamus stimulates a specific signaling cascade that results in the synthesis of anorexigenic and orexigenic peptides in order to regulate food intake and energy expenditure. Many polymorphisms in leptin (lep and leptin receptor (lepr genes have been associated with body weight. In particular, G-2548A in the lep promoter and Q223R in lepr variants have been associated with obesity in several populations, although no linkage has been evidenced in others. Here, we examined the genetic associations of these polymorphisms with Body Mass Index (BMI and serum leptin levels in adult Mexican people. A set of 160 subjects was recruited at the Acupuncture Clinic of the National School of Medicine and Homeopathy of the National Polytechnic Institute (Mexico and classified according to BMI, gender and age. Blood samples were obtained to extract genomic DNA and determine genetic variants by PCR-RFLP. Leptin was quantified by ELISA assays. Analysis of association and determination of Odd Ratio (OR were performed using SPSS software. G-2548A in lep gene promoter and Q223R in lepr gene polymorphisms were not found associated with BMI in the whole study population. However, GG genotype in lep gene promoter was related to an increased leptin concentration (p≤0.05 and suggested as a protective factor for obesity in Mexican women. Leptin levels were higher in postmenopausal women, confirming the link between the hormonal system and body weight control. In contrast, no association was found between lepr gene polymorphism and serum leptin level. Our results suggest a possible association between G-2548A polymorphism in lep gene promoter, BMI and leptin levels in Mexican women. Further analysis of a larger population is required to confirm the biological relevance of this polymorphism for obesity in the Mexican population.

  16. Effects of melatonin administration on plasma leptin concentration and adipose tissue leptin secretion in mice.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Song, Y-M; Chen, M-D

    2009-12-01

    Both melatonin and leptin show a circadian variation in circulating levels and participate in energy metabolism. An interrelationship between these two hormones has thus been proposed. In addition, melatonin has been shown to be capable of influencing circulating leptin concentration. However, whether melatonin will increase or decrease leptin production is still uncertain. This study was undertaken to examine the effect of melatonin on leptin production using male C57BL/6 adult mice treated with or without daily melatonin supplements (10 mug/mL) in drinking water for 1 month. In addition, in vitro experiments using adipose tissue fragments derived from epididymal fat pads of adult mice incubated with or without melatonin (1 nM) administration were also conducted. The results showed that melatonin-supplemented mice had significantly higher plasma leptin levels than control mice. However, melatonin incubation did not cause any marked changes in the amount of leptin secreted from adipose tissue fragments. Our findings from this study indicate that melatonin does not affect leptin secretion via mouse adipose tissue. Nevertheless, melatonin could still influence leptinemia indirectly via regulatory effects in intact animals.

  17. Leptin signaling and leptin resistance

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zhou, Yingjiang; Rui, Liangyou

    2014-01-01

    Leptin is secreted into the bloodstream by adipocytes and is required for the maintenance of energy homeostasis and body weight. Leptin deficiency or genetic defects in the components of the leptin signaling pathways causes obesity. Leptin controls energy balance and body weight primarily by targeting LEPRb-expressing neurons in the brain, particularly in the hypothalamus. These LEPRb-expressing neurons function as the first-order neurons that project to the second-order neurons located within and outside the hypothalamus, forming a neural network that controls the energy homeostasis and body weight. Multiple factors, including inflammation and ER stress, contribute to leptin resistance, and leptin resistance is the key risk factor for obesity. This review is focused on recent advance about leptin action, leptin signaling, and leptin resistance. PMID:23580174

  18. Gut microbiota composition in male rat models under different nutritional status and physical activity and its association with serum leptin and ghrelin levels

    National Research Council Canada - National Science Library

    Queipo-Ortuño, María Isabel; Seoane, Luisa María; Murri, Mora; Pardo, María; Gomez-Zumaquero, Juan Miguel; Cardona, Fernando; Casanueva, Felipe; Tinahones, Francisco J

    2013-01-01

    .... To evaluate the differences in the composition of gut microbiota in rat models under different nutritional status and physical activity and to identify their associations with serum leptin and ghrelin levels...

  19. Gut Microbiota Composition in Male Rat Models under Different Nutritional Status and Physical Activity and Its Association with Serum Leptin and Ghrelin Levels: e65465

    National Research Council Canada - National Science Library

    María Isabel Queipo-Ortuño; Luisa María Seoane; Mora Murri; María Pardo; Juan Miguel Gomez-Zumaquero; Fernando Cardona; Felipe Casanueva; Francisco J Tinahones

    2013-01-01

    .... Objective To evaluate the differences in the composition of gut microbiota in rat models under different nutritional status and physical activity and to identify their associations with serum leptin and ghrelin levels...

  20. Evaluation of leptin, adiponectin, and ghrelin levels in patients with acne vulgaris.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ozuguz, P; Kacar, S D; Asik, G; Ozuguz, U; Karatas, S

    2016-02-09

    The research evaluating adipokines are very few in patients with acne vulgaris. The hypothesis that hyperinsulinemic and high glycemic index diet plays a role in the pathogenesis of acne is still controversial. In this study, we aimed to evaluate adipokines such as leptin (L), adiponectin (A), ghrelin and A levels, and A/L rates that indicate insulin resistance in nonobese patients with severe acne vulgaris. Thirty patients who are nonobese with moderate acne vulgaris, aged 18 to 25 years, and 15 age-sex compatible controls were included in our study. The acne lesions were assessed using the Global Acne Grading Scale (GAGS). All participants were evaluated for the parameters that may affect the metabolism of serum L, A, and ghrelin levels in blood, and their body mass index were calculated. The significance level was determined as p ≤ 0.05. Of the 30 patients, 17 were women and 13 were men. The mean age was 20.60 years and the mean duration of the disease were 2.8 years. All of patients had moderate acne vulgaris (GAGS 19-30). Of the 15 controls, 11 were women and 4 were men. The mean age was 21.20 years. There were not a statistically significant difference in L, ghrelin, A levels, and A/L ratio between the two groups. Adipokines may have a role in the pathogenesis of acne vulgaris. L, A, ghrelin, and insulin resistance may not participate in the responsible mechanisms in nonobese patients with moderate acne vulgaris. © The Author(s) 2016.

  1. Serum Leptin in Patients with Chronic Renal Failure on Different Modes of Management

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Hala M. EL-Mougi*, Samiha Abo EL-Yazeed **, Zeinab A. Yousry

    2006-12-01

    Full Text Available Aim: To study serum leptin level in chronic renal failure (CRF patients on different modes of management and to analyze the impact of the mode of therapy on serum leptin level. Subjects and Methods: This study was conducted on 64 patients (33males&31females with chronic renal failure divided into three groups: group I: Twenty-six patients treated conservatively and did not start dialysis yet (predialysis, group II: Twenty-four patients treated by hemodialysis, group III: Fourteen patients treated by continuous ambulatory peritoneal dialysis (CAPD. Twenty healthy subjects were included as control group. All patients and controls were subjected to full clinical examination including height and weight to calculate body mass index (BMI. Blood urea and serum creatinine were measured as renal function tests. Serum leptin was measured by EASIA and so serum insulin. Results: In predialysis and CAPD groups, there is a significant increase in leptin , leptin/ BMI and insulin in patients in comparison to control subjects. In hemodialysis group, there is a significant increase in leptin and leptin/ BMI and a non-significant increase in insulin level in patients in comparison to control subjects. Insulin is significantly correlated with leptin in the first group, while in the second and third groups there is no correlation. The highest leptin level is found in the CAPD group of patients followed by the predialysis one then the hemodialysis group. Leptin level is significantly higher in females than males in all groups. This difference remained after adjusting leptin level to BMI. No correlation was found between leptin level and age or between leptin level and renal function in the three groups of patients. No correlation was found between leptin level and the duration of dialysis in the hemodialysis and CAPD groups. Conclusion: Serum leptin is elevated in CRF patients irrespective of the type of management they are undergoing. Dialysis, has no significant

  2. Elevated adiponectin but varied response in circulating leptin levels to falciparum malaria in type 2 diabetics and non-diabetic controls.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Acquah, Samuel; Eghan, Benjamin Ackon; Boampong, Johnson Nyarko

    2016-10-01

    To investigate effects of falciparum malaria on circulating levels of leptin and adiponectin in type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) and non-diabetic controls in relation to measures of adiposity. Levels of leptin and adiponectin were measured in 100 type 2 diabetics and 100 age-matched controls before and during falciparum malaria in a 2-year prospective study. Also, waist circumference (WC), weight, height and hip circumference were measured. Body mass index (BMI) and waist-to-hip ratio (WHR) were computed. At baseline, diabetics had significantly (p adiponectin levels. Baseline leptin correlated positively with WC (r = 0.633; p adiponectin correlated positively (r = 0.249; p = 0.029) in non-diabetic respondents only. Adiponectin correlated negatively with WC (r = -0.58; p = 0.006) in diabetic males only. During malaria, mean levels of leptin and adiponectin were comparable (p > 0.05) between diabetics and controls. However, compared to baseline levels, significant (p adiponectin was found in both study groups. In respect of leptin, significant (p adiponectin (r = -0.694; p adiponectin levels due to falciparum malaria but differed in response in terms of leptin levels. Copyright © 2016 Chang Gung University. Published by Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.

  3. The role of leptin in reproduction: experimental and clinical aspects.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Baldelli, Roberto; Dieguez, Carlos; Casanueva, Felipe F

    2002-01-01

    The discovery of the adipocyte-produced hormone leptin has greatly changed the field of obesity research and future treatment as well as our understanding of energy homeostasis in man. In addition to its relevant role as a metabolic adaptor to overweight and fasting states, new and previously unsuspected neuroendocrinological roles have emerged for leptin. In reproduction, leptin is implicated in fertility regulation and appears as a permissive factor for puberty. In particular, various sets of data suggest that leptin may serve as a signal to the central nervous system (CNS) with information on the critical amount of adipose tissue stores that is necessary for gonadotropin-releasing hormone (GnRH) secretion and pubertal activation of the hypothalamic-pituitary-gonadal axis. Leptin also acts at the periphery, directly on the ovary and testis where it may control steroidogenesis, although the exact role of intragonadal action in the physiology and pathophysiology of the human reproductive system needs to be further elucidated. Furthermore, relevant gender-based differences in leptin levels exist, with higher levels in women, even at birth, and which persist throughout life. In adult life, there is experimental evidence that leptin is a permissive factor for the menstrual cycle, with a regulatory role exerted at hypothalamic, pituitary and gonadal levels, and with severe changes in pregnancy and postpartum. Moreover, leptin is present in both human and commercial milk, and may play a role in the adaptive responses of the newborn.

  4. Comparative Study of Serum Leptin and Insulin Resistance Levels Between Korean Postmenopausal Vegetarian and Non-vegetarian Women.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kim, Mi-Hyun; Bae, Yun-Jung

    2015-07-01

    The present study was conducted to compare serum leptin and insulin resistance levels between Korean postmenopausal long-term semi-vegetarians and non-vegetarians. Subjects of this study belonged to either a group of postmenopausal vegetarian women (n = 54), who maintained a semi-vegetarian diet for over 20 years or a group of non-vegetarian controls. Anthropometric characteristics, serum leptin, serum glucose, serum insulin, insulin resistance (HOMA-IR; Homeostasis Model Assessment of Insulin Resistance), and nutrient intake were compared between the two groups. The vegetarians showed significantly lower body weight (p vegetarians. The HOMA-IR of the vegetarians was significantly lower than that of the non-vegetarians (p vegetarian diet might be related to lower insulin resistance independent of the % of body fat in postmenopausal women.

  5. Comparative Study of Serum Leptin and Insulin Resistance Levels Between Korean Postmenopausal Vegetarian and Non-vegetarian Women

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kim, Mi-Hyun

    2015-01-01

    The present study was conducted to compare serum leptin and insulin resistance levels between Korean postmenopausal long-term semi-vegetarians and non-vegetarians. Subjects of this study belonged to either a group of postmenopausal vegetarian women (n = 54), who maintained a semi-vegetarian diet for over 20 years or a group of non-vegetarian controls. Anthropometric characteristics, serum leptin, serum glucose, serum insulin, insulin resistance (HOMA-IR; Homeostasis Model Assessment of Insulin Resistance), and nutrient intake were compared between the two groups. The vegetarians showed significantly lower body weight (p vegetarians. The HOMA-IR of the vegetarians was significantly lower than that of the non-vegetarians (p vegetarian diet might be related to lower insulin resistance independent of the % of body fat in postmenopausal women. PMID:26251836

  6. Leptin and adiponectin levels in discordant dichorionic twins at 72 hours of age-associations with anthropometric parameters and insulin resistance.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Milenković, Svetlana J; Mirković, Ljiljana B; Jovandarić, Miljana Z; Milenković, Dušan M; Banković, Violeta V; Janković, Borisav Z

    2017-04-01

    Insulin resistance (IR) in adults has been associated with intrauterine growth restriction (IUGR). Leptin and adiponectin correlations with anthropometric parameters and IR at 72 h in discordant twins were tested. We included 24 discordant (birth weight discordance ≥20% in relation to the heavier cotwin) and 30 concordant (birth weight discordance ≤10%) twins. A correlation between leptin (but not adiponectin) level and birth weight (BW), birth length and head circumference in IUGR twins was recorded (padiponectin and insulin associated positively. In larger concordant twins' leptin level correlated with HOMA-IR and insulin. Leptin, but not adiponectin, levels correlate positively with anthropometric parameters in IUGR twins. IR in IUGR twins is unrelated to adipokines in the first few days of life.

  7. Leptin levels in patients with anorexia nervosa following day/inpatient treatment do not predict weight 1 year post-referral.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Seitz, Jochen; Bühren, Katharina; Biemann, Ronald; Timmesfeld, Nina; Dempfle, Astrid; Winter, Sibylle Maria; Egberts, Karin; Fleischhaker, Christian; Wewetzer, Christoph; Herpertz-Dahlmann, Beate; Hebebrand, Johannes; Föcker, Manuel

    2016-09-01

    Elevated serum leptin levels following rapid therapeutically induced weight gain in anorexia nervosa (AN) patients are discussed as a potential biomarker for renewed weight loss as a result of leptin-related suppression of appetite and increased energy expenditure. This study aims to analyze the predictive value of leptin levels at discharge as well as the average rate of weight gain during inpatient or day patient treatment for body weight at 1-year follow-up. 121 patients were recruited from the longitudinal Anorexia Nervosa Day patient versus Inpatient (ANDI) trial. Serum leptin levels were analyzed at referral and discharge. A multiple linear regression analysis to predict age-adjusted body mass index (BMI-SDS) at 1-year follow-up was performed. Leptin levels, the average rate of weight gain, premorbid BMI-SDS, BMI-SDS at referral, age and illness duration were included as independent variables. Neither leptin levels at discharge nor rate of weight gain significantly predicted BMI-SDS at 1-year follow-up explaining only 1.8 and 0.4 % of the variance, respectively. According to our results, leptin levels at discharge and average rate of weight gain did not exhibit any value in predicting weight at 1-year follow-up in our longitudinal observation study of adolescent patients with AN. Thus, research should focus on other potential factors to predict weight at follow-up. As elevated leptin levels and average rate of weight gain did not pose a risk for reduced weight, we found no evidence for the beneficial effect of slow refeeding in patients with acute AN.

  8. The effect of vitamin D administration on serum leptin and adiponectin levels in end-stage renal disease patients on hemodialysis with vitamin D deficiency: A placebo-controlled double-blind clinical trial

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Afsoon Emami Naini

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available Background: The prevalence of vitamin D deficiency is higher in end-stage renal disease (ESRD patients compared to healthy populations. This deficiency could lead to several complications with different mechanisms and might result in reduced survival in patients. Leptin and adiponectin are messenger proteins with endocrine secretion from adipocytes and various effects in cellular mechanisms. The goal of this study was to find the effect of vitamin D administration on serum levels of leptin and adiponectin in ESRD patients. Materials and Methods: This double-blind randomized placebo-controlled clinical trial was carried out on 64 ESRD patients on hemodialysis in the Amin and Noor hospitals of Isfahan, Iran. Patients were categorized into two groups, on control and intervention; serum levels of vitamin D, leptin, and adiponectin were measured in both groups before and after the study. The intervention group was treated with vitamin D pearls, while the control group received placebo in the same manner. Results: The mean [standard deviation (SD] ages of the patients were 62 (21 years and 60 (19 years in the control and treated groups, respectively. Conclusion: The change in serum level of vitamin D was statistically significant in the treatment group but not in the control group. The serum level of leptin was reduced in the treatment group, while the serum level of adiponectin increased significantly, but none of these changes were statistically significant in the control group. This study showed that vitamin D administration is associated with an increase in adiponectin and a decrease in leptin level in ESRD patients.

  9. Leptin signaling and leptin resistance

    OpenAIRE

    Zhou, Yingjiang; Rui, Liangyou

    2013-01-01

    Leptin is secreted into the bloodstream by adipocytes and is required for the maintenance of energy homeostasis and body weight. Leptin deficiency or genetic defects in the components of the leptin signaling pathways causes obesity. Leptin controls energy balance and body weight primarily by targeting LEPRb-expressing neurons in the brain, particularly in the hypothalamus. These LEPRb-expressing neurons function as the first-order neurons that project to the second-order neurons located withi...

  10. Umbilical cord versus maternal serum leptin and adioponectin levels: a comparative study in small and appropriate for gestational age newborns

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Zakeri HR

    2009-10-01

    Full Text Available "n Normal 0 false false false EN-US X-NONE AR-SA MicrosoftInternetExplorer4 /* Style Definitions */ table.MsoNormalTable {mso-style-name:"Table Normal"; mso-tstyle-rowband-size:0; mso-tstyle-colband-size:0; mso-style-noshow:yes; mso-style-priority:99; mso-style-qformat:yes; mso-style-parent:""; mso-padding-alt:0in 5.4pt 0in 5.4pt; mso-para-margin:0in; mso-para-margin-bottom:.0001pt; mso-pagination:widow-orphan; font-size:11.0pt; font-family:"Calibri","sans-serif"; mso-ascii-font-family:Calibri; mso-ascii-theme-font:minor-latin; mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"; mso-fareast-theme-font:minor-fareast; mso-hansi-font-family:Calibri; mso-hansi-theme-font:minor-latin; mso-bidi-font-family:Arial; mso-bidi-theme-font:minor-bidi;} Background: The mechanisms by which fetal weight are regulated during pregnancy are poorly understood. The relation between hormones such as leptin and adiponectin and intrautrine growth is still under investigation. The aim of this study was to ascertain whether fetal growth restriction is associated with alterations of leptin and adiponectin  concentrations in venous umbilical cord blood and maternal serum."n"nMethods: Maternal serum and venous umbilical cord blood leptin and adiponectin concentrations were determined by ELISA after 36 week of gestational age in 22 women with uncomplicated singleton pregnancies with AGA fetuses (group A and in 22 women with singleton pregnancies complicated by fetal growth restriction but without fetal distress (group B, all with normal body mass index and without history of diabetes, hypertention or maternal cardiac disease."n"nResults: Venous umbilical cord leptin levels were significantly lower in group B compared with group A (8.1±0.8ng/ml versus 39.45±6.8ng/ml; p=0.001. Venous umbilical cord adiponectin levels were also significantly lower in group B compared with group A (28.8±3.5μg/ml versus 43.6±3.7μg/ml; p=0.007. Maternal serum leptin and adiponectin did not differ

  11. Effect of 8 Weeks of High Intensity Interval Training on Plasma Levels of Adiponectin and Leptin in Overweight Nurses

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sahar Avazpor

    2016-07-01

    Full Text Available Background: High intensity interval training (HIIT is a novel training method which has received most attention in recent years. The aim of this study was to examine the effect of 8 weeks of high intensity interval training (HIIT on plasma levels of adiponectin and leptin in overweight nurses.Materials and Methods: 27 nurses (mean age 25.81±60 years, height 158.01±67 cm and weight 69.41±25 kg were voluntarily selected and randomly assigned to three groups (each group 9 subjects: 1. HIIT (type 1 including 8 seconds of sprint running and 12 seconds of active recovery 2. HIIT (type 2 including 40-m shuttle run with maximum speed 3. Control group. HIIT (type 1 was performed for eight weeks, three sessions per week, each session 6-9 min. With more than 90% HRmax. HIIT (type 2 was applied for eight weeks, three sessions per week with more than 90% HRmax. The control group did not participate in any training protocol.Results: The data were analyzed by the dependent t test and ANOVA. The results showed that the HIIT (type 1 and (type 2 had significant effects on plasma leptin decrease and plasma adiponectin concentration increase in nurses. One-way analysis of variance (ANOVA was used to analyze the intergroup data at p˂0.05.Conclusion: The results showed a significant difference in the variables (leptin and adiponectin among HIIT (type 1, HIIT (type 2 and control.

  12. Brief Report: Plasma Leptin Levels Are Elevated in Autism: Association with Early Onset Phenotype?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ashwood, Paul; Kwong, Christina; Hansen, Robin; Hertz-Picciotto, Irva; Croen, Lisa; Krakowiak, Paula; Walker, Wynn; Pessah, Isaac N.; Van de Water, Judy

    2008-01-01

    There is evidence of both immune dysregulation and autoimmune phenomena in children with autism spectrum disorders (ASD). We examined the hormone/cytokine leptin in 70 children diagnosed with autism (including 37 with regression) compared with 99 age-matched controls including 50 typically developing (TD) controls, 26 siblings without autism, and…

  13. Brief Report: Plasma Leptin Levels Are Elevated in Autism: Association with Early Onset Phenotype?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ashwood, Paul; Kwong, Christina; Hansen, Robin; Hertz-Picciotto, Irva; Croen, Lisa; Krakowiak, Paula; Walker, Wynn; Pessah, Isaac N.; Van de Water, Judy

    2008-01-01

    There is evidence of both immune dysregulation and autoimmune phenomena in children with autism spectrum disorders (ASD). We examined the hormone/cytokine leptin in 70 children diagnosed with autism (including 37 with regression) compared with 99 age-matched controls including 50 typically developing (TD) controls, 26 siblings without autism, and…

  14. Leptin and endocrine parameters in marathon runners.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bobbert, T; Mai, K; Brechtel, L; Schulte, H M; Weger, B; Pfeiffer, A F H; Spranger, J; Diederich, S

    2012-03-01

    Endurance training may lead to different hormonal alterations e. g., exercised induced hypothalamic ovarian/testicular dysfunction. The aim of this study was to reveal new connections between physical exercise, leptin and hormonal responses. 36 male participants of the Berlin-Marathon had their blood samples taken 2 days before the marathon. Hormones of the hypothalamic-pituitary axis and leptin were correlated with the training status and the achieved marathon time. Leptin correlated with the achieved marathon time after being adjusted for age and BMI (r=0.607, p<0.001) and was lowest in the best trained runners. Additionally, when the group was divided into quartiles of their achieved marathon time, significantly increased cortisol, fT4, cortisol/DHEAS ratio and decreased IGF-1 levels were observed in the slowest group. In the better trained group, a decrease of testosterone/DHT ratio and an increase of testosterone/cortisol ratio were observed. Our study supports the thesis of a linear relationship between physical fitness and leptin variations in the physiological range. We found an increased anabolic hormonal response in well trained marathon runners and hormonal reactions of increased stress in less trained runners. As the stress-induced neuroendocrine adaptations in our study group are associated with more higher leptin values, the pathophysiological role of decreased leptin values seems to be limited to overtrained athletes. © Georg Thieme Verlag KG Stuttgart · New York.

  15. Emerging role of leptin in rheumatoid arthritis

    Science.gov (United States)

    Tian, G; Liang, J-N; Wang, Z-Y; Zhou, D

    2014-01-01

    Numerous studies have suggested the importance of leptin against autoimmune diseases such as systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE), multiple sclerosis (MS) and psoriasis. To summarize our current understanding of the role of leptin in inflammatory responses and rheumatoid arthritis (RA), a systematic review was conducted to assess the discrepancy of leptin in RA and its effect on immunity according to different studies. Recently, emerging data have indicated that leptin is involved in the pathological function of RA, which is common in autoimmune disorders. This review discusses the possible consequences of leptin levels in RA. Blocking the key signal pathways of leptin and inhibiting the leptin activity-like leptin antagonist may be a promising way for potential therapeutic treatment of RA at risk of detrimental effects. However, leptin was increased in patients with RA and may also regulate joint damage. Thus, more understanding of the mechanism of leptin in RA would be advantageous in the future. PMID:24802245

  16. Expression of leptin, leptin receptor, and connective tissue growth factor in degenerative disk lesions in the wrist.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Unglaub, Frank; Wolf, Maya B; Kroeber, Markus W; Dragu, Adrian; Schwarz, Stephan; Mittlmeier, Thomas; Kloeters, Oliver; Horch, Raymund E

    2011-06-01

    The purpose of this study was to identify whether leptin and connective tissue growth factor (CTGF) occur in the degenerative fibrocartilage disk and whether cartilage cells express leptin receptors. The study included 23 patients diagnosed with degenerative articular disk tears of the triangular fibrocartilage (TFC) (Palmer type 2C). Patients were divided into 2 groups based on ulna length: 1 group consisted of patients with an ulna-positive variance (group A), and the other group included patients with ulna-negative or -neutral variance (group B). After arthroscopic debridement of the TFC, histologic sections of biopsy specimens were prepared. The biopsy specimens were immunohistochemically analyzed, and the quantity of leptin-, CTGF-, and leptin receptor-positive cells was assessed. Cells positive for leptin, leptin receptor, and CTGF were found. The number of cells positive for leptin was significantly increased in specimens of patients with an ulna-negative variance (group B). In contrast, no significant difference was found for leptin receptor and CTGF in biopsy specimens of patients with ulna-positive or ulna-negative/neutral variance. The inner, middle, and outer zones of the disk do not express significantly different quantities of marker-positive cells. Degenerative fibrocartilage disk tissue cells exhibit leptin receptors and are exposed to the markers leptin and CTGF, providing evidence of a local paracrine system and regenerative processes. Cells of disks from patients with an ulna-neutral/negative length express significantly higher numbers of leptin-positive cells. Level II, diagnostic study. Copyright © 2011 Arthroscopy Association of North America. Published by Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

  17. Evaluation of leptin and insulin resistance in patients with cholelithiasis.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Atamer, Aytaç; Ovünç, Ayşe Oya Kurdaş; Yeşil, Atakan; Atamer, Yildiz

    2013-08-01

    The association between insulin resistance, lipoproteins and leptin was evaluated in cholelithiasis. The study group included 55 women (68.8%) and 25 men (31.3%) with a mean age and SD of 50.56 +/- 14.28 yrs. The control group included 25 women (62.5%) and 15 men (37.5%) with a mean age of 50.93 +/- 11.73 yrs. Serum leptin levels were measured by the enzyme immunoassay method. HOMA-IR was determined by using fasting glucose and insulin levels. Insulin, total cholesterol (TC), LDL-C, HOMA-IR (p cholelithiasis group, compared to the controls. In patients with a HOMA-IR >2.2, age, body mass index (BMI), glucose, insulin, triglycerides (TG), TC and leptin levels were higher than in patients with a HOMA-IR 100 mg/dl, mean BMI, HOMA-IR, insulin, TG, TC and leptin levels were significantly higher than in patients with glucose levels 150 mg/dl, mean age, BMI, glucose, insulin, TC, leptin and HOMA-IR were significantly higher than in patients with TG levels 25 kg/m2, mean age, glucose, insulin, TG, TC, leptin, HOMA-IR were significantly higher than in patients with BMI cholelithiasis group, there was a positive correlation between leptin and age, BMI, glucose, insulin, TG, TC, LDL-C or HOMA-IR. In conclusion, we found a positive association between increased leptin levels and abnormal lipoprotein metabolism in cholelithiasis. Cholelithiasis subjects with insulin resistance showed higher cardiometabolic risk factors than those without it.

  18. The effects of prolonged fasting on the levels of adiponectin, leptin, apelin, and omentin in pregnant women.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kiyak Caglayan, Emel; Engin-Ustun, Yaprak; Sari, Nagihan; Gocmen, Ayşe Yesim; Polat, M Fevzi

    2016-05-01

    The aim of the present study was to evaluate serum adiponectin, leptin, apelin and omentin levels to explore metabolic changes occurring during fasting in the month of Ramadan. The study was designed as a prospective study. The patients were divided into two groups, each comprising 20 patients: Group I, fasting pregnant women, and Group II, non-fasting pregnant women. The patients' age, parity, gestational week and body mass index were recorded. Adiponectin and omentin levels were significantly lower in fasting pregnant women (p pregnant women who are willing to fast during 24-38 weeks' gestation should be informed about insulin resistance.

  19. Leptin intake in suckling rats restores altered T3 levels and markers of adipose tissue sympathetic drive and function caused by gestational calorie restriction.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Konieczna, J; Palou, M; Sánchez, J; Picó, C; Palou, A

    2015-06-01

    Maternal calorie restriction during gestation in rats has been associated with altered white adipose tissue (WAT) sympathetic innervation and function in offspring. Here, we aimed to investigate whether supplementation with oral leptin (a breast milk component) throughout the lactation period may revert the aforementioned adverse programming effects. Three groups of male and female rats were studied at the postnatal day 25: the offspring of control dams, the offspring of 20% calorie-restricted dams during pregnancy (CR) and CR rats supplemented with physiological doses of leptin throughout lactation (CR-Leptin). Tyrosine hydroxylase (TH) levels and its immunoreactive area, and mRNA expression levels of lipid metabolism-related genes and of deiodinase iodothyronine type II (Dio2) were determined in WAT. Triiodothyronine (T3) levels were determined in the blood. In CR males, leptin treatment restored the decreased TH levels and its immunoreactive area in WAT, and partially normalized expression levels of genes related to lipolysis and fatty acid oxidation (adipose triglyceride lipase, hormone-sensitive lipase, carnitine palmitoyltransferase 1b and peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor gamma coactivator 1-alpha). Leptin treatment also reverted the decreased T3 plasma levels and WAT lipoprotein lipase mRNA levels occurring in CR males and females, and the decreased Dio2 mRNA levels in CR females. Leptin supplementation throughout the lactation period reverts the malprogrammed effects on WAT structure and function induced by undernutrition during pregnancy. These findings support the relevance of the intake of leptin during lactation, bearing clear characteristics of essential nutrient, and provide a strategy to treat and/or prevent the programmed trend to obesity acquired by inadequate fetal nutrition.

  20. Leptin-LepRb Expressed in Gastric Cancer Patients and Related to Cancer-Related Depression

    Science.gov (United States)

    He, Chenyan; Hui, Lingyun; Huang, Tianhe

    2017-01-01

    Depression is the most common psychiatric disorder among cancer patients. Studies have not only highlighted that leptin and its receptor (LepRb) are independent poor prognostic factors in gastric cancer (GC) patients but also shown that the leptin-LepRb is necessary for antidepressant-like behaviors. In this study, we examined the serum and tissue leptin-LepRb expression in GC patients. Enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay showed that depressive GC patients had significantly higher serum leptin-LepRb than healthy donors. Leptin-LepRb levels in GC tissues were also significantly higher than in matched paracarcinoma tissues using real-time RT-PCR. Moreover, we observed that both serum and tissue leptin-LepRb were significantly higher in depressive GC patients than those in nondepressive GC patients. Further, the patients with high tumor stage tend to have higher leptin-LepRb mRNA levels than that with low tumor stage. Together, our findings suggest that leptin-LepRb plays an important role in the pathogenesis and depression in GC. Leptin-LepRb therefore could be a potential diagnostic marker and therapeutic target in GC patients with depression.

  1. Association between leptin and delirium in elderly inpatients

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    Sanchez JC

    2013-05-01

    Full Text Available Julio C Sánchez, Jenny P Ospina, Martha I GonzálezCell and Applied Physiology Group, Department of Basic Sciences, Faculty of Health, Universidad Tecnológica de Pereira, Pereira, ColombiaAbstract: Leptin is a hormone with significant effects on the brain, both at the cellular level and cognitive level. This study aimed to establish the association between leptin levels and delirium in a Colombian elderly population. 115 patients older than 60 years were included. Leptin was measured by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay after overnight fasting and Mini-Mental State Examination and Confusion Assessment Method (CAM tests were employed. Delirium was diagnosed using CAM in 23.48% of patients, being most frequent in men. There were no significant differences in hematology and renal test values between patients with delirium and those without delirium, but cerebrovascular diagnoses were more frequent in patients with delirium. No correlation with any specific medication was found, but patients with delirium had a higher number of comorbidities and medications. Leptin levels were significantly lower in patients with delirium and correlated negatively with the number of diagnoses and medications, but not with age, gender, body mass index, or hematology and renal test results. Leptin levels may have a role in the pathophysiological process of delirium and low leptin could be a useful clinical biomarker to establish risk in elderly patients given the association with delirium.Keywords: delirium, elderly, hospitalization, leptin

  2. Effect of vanadium on insulin and leptin in Zucker diabetic fatty rats.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wang, J; Yuen, V G; McNeill, J H

    2001-02-01

    Vanadium exhibits a variety of insulin-mimetic actions in vitro and in vivo. The mechanism(s) of the effect of vanadium on leptin in Zucker diabetic fatty (ZDF) rats, a model of Type 2 diabetes, is unclear. Since insulin is a stimulator of leptin production and secretion and vanadium is an insulin-mimetic or insulin-enhancing agent, we studied how vanadium affected plasma leptin levels in vivo and the relationship between plasma insulin, leptin and body fat in ZDF rats. Zucker lean and ZDF rats at 9-week old were chronically treated with bis(ethylmaltolato)oxovanadium(IV) (BEOV), an organic vanadium compound, by oral gavage daily for 3 weeks. At termination, the total body fat was weighed and blood was collected for insulin, leptin and glucose assay. BEOV treatment (0.1 mmol/kg/day) significantly decreased plasma glucose levels in ZDF rats and did not change food intake and body fat content either in lean or ZDF rats. Following 3-week treatment, plasma insulin and leptin levels in BEOV treated ZDF rats were significantly higher, 1.5 and 0.5 fold than untreated rats, respectively. The correlation coefficients in ZDF rats showed that plasma leptin levels were correlated to plasma insulin levels, but not to body fat. These data indicate that plasma leptin levels parallel plasma insulin levels, and the effects of vanadium on leptin appear to be mediated by insulin in ZDF rats.

  3. TNF-alpha, leptin, and lymphocyte function in human aging

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Bruunsgaard, H.; Pedersen, Agnes Nadelmann; Schroll, M.

    2000-01-01

    Aging is associated with increased inflammatory activity and concomitant decreased T cell mediated immune responses. Leptin may provide a link between inflammation and T cell function in aging. The aim of the study was to investigate if plasma levels of tumor necrosis factor (TNF)-alpha were...... there was no difference with regard to IL-2 production. Furthermore, there were no age-related differences in serum levels of leptin, However, women had higher levels than men. In the elderly people, serum levels of leptin were correlated with TNF-alpha in univariate regression analysis and in a multiple linear...... regression analysis adjusting for the effect of gender and body mass index. Furthermore, TNF-alpha, but not leptin, was positively correlated to sIL-2R and negatively correlated to IL-2 production. In conclusion, increased plasma levels of TNF-alpha in aging is associated with poor IL-2 production ex vivo...

  4. Effect of intestinal ischemia-reperfusion injury on protein levels of leptin and orexin-A in peripheral blood and central secretory tissues

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Ji Lin; Guang-Tao Yan; Xiu-Hua Hao; Lu-Huan Wang; Kai Zhang; Hui Xue

    2005-01-01

    AIM: To explore the effect of intestinal ischemia-reperfusion injury on protein levels of leptin and orexin-A in peripheral blood and their central secretory tissues and to find out the role leptin and orexin-A play in acute inflammatory responses.METHODS: An intestinal ischemia-reperfusion (I/R)injury model of rats was established and rats were divided randomly into six groups: sham-operation group, 60 min ischemia/30 min reperfusion group (I60'R30'), I60'R90',I60'R150', I60'R240' and I60'R360', 9 rats each group.Two highly-sensitive radioimmunoassays for leptin and orexin-A were established and used to check the change of their concentrations in peripheral blood and central secretory tissues before and after intestinal I/R injury.RESULTS: Compared with the serum leptin level before injury, it decreased significantly in I60'R30' group and increased significantly in I60'R360' group; compared to sham-operation group after injury, serum leptin level increased significantly in I60'R360' group; compared to sham-operation group after injury, adipose leptin levels decreased significantly in I60'R30' and I60'R90' groups,while increased significantly in I60'R360' group. There was no significant difference between the expression levels of orexin-A before and after I/R injury.CONCLUSION: Leptin has a time-dependent response and orexin-A has a delayed response to acute inflammatory stimuli such as intestinal I/R injury and they may participate in metabolic disorders in injury as inflammatory cytokines.

  5. Leptin action in the dorsomedial hypothalamus increases sympathetic tone to brown adipose tissue in spite of systemic leptin resistance.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Enriori, Pablo J; Sinnayah, Puspha; Simonds, Stephanie E; Garcia Rudaz, Cecilia; Cowley, Michael A

    2011-08-24

    Leptin regulates body weight in mice by decreasing appetite and increasing sympathetic nerve activity (SNA), which increases energy expenditure in interscapular brown adipose tissue (iBAT). Diet-induced obese mice (DIO) are resistant to the anorectic actions of leptin. We evaluated whether leptin still stimulated sympathetic outflow in DIO mice. We measured iBAT temperature as a marker of SNA. We found that obese hyperleptinemic mice have higher iBAT temperature than mice on regular diet. Conversely, obese leptin-deficient ob/ob mice have lower iBAT temperature. Additionally, leptin increased SNA in obese (DIO and ob/ob) and control mice, despite DIO mice being resistant to anorectic action of leptin. We demonstrated that neurons in the dorsomedial hypothalamus (DMH) of DIO mice mediate the thermogenic responses to hyperleptinemia in obese mammals because blockade of leptin receptors in the DMH prevented the thermogenic effects of leptin. Peripheral Melotan II (MTII) injection increased iBAT temperature, but it was blunted by blockade of DMH melanocortin receptors (MC4Rs) by injecting agouti-related peptide (AgRP) directly into the DMH, suggesting a physiological role of the DMH on temperature regulation in animals with normal body weight. Nevertheless, obese mice without a functional melanocortin system (MC4R KO mice) have an increased sympathetic outflow to iBAT compared with their littermates, suggesting that higher leptin levels drive sympathoexcitation to iBAT by a melanocortin-independent pathway. Because the sympathetic nervous system contributes in regulating blood pressure, heart rate, and hepatic glucose production, selective leptin resistance may be a crucial mechanism linking adiposity and metabolic syndrome.

  6. Effect of 8 Weeks of High Intensity Interval Training on Plasma Levels of Adiponectin and Leptin in Overweight Nurses

    OpenAIRE

    Sahar Avazpor; Jamal Fazel Kalkhoran; Hojat Allah Amini

    2016-01-01

    Background: High intensity interval training (HIIT) is a novel training method which has received most attention in recent years. The aim of this study was to examine the effect of 8 weeks of high intensity interval training (HIIT) on plasma levels of adiponectin and leptin in overweight nurses.Materials and Methods: 27 nurses (mean age 25.81±60 years, height 158.01±67 cm and weight 69.41±25 kg) were voluntarily selected and randomly assigned to three groups (each group 9 subjects): 1. HIIT (...

  7. Serum leptin concentrations, leptin mRNA expression, and food intake during the estrous cycle in rats

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Fungfuang, Wirasak; Nakada, Tomoaki; Nakao, Nobuhiro

    2013-01-01

    in leptin mRNA expression in adipose tissue during the proestrous period compared with the diestrous period. These findings suggest that increased leptin mRNA expression and serum leptin levels, which are induced by estrogen during the proestrous stage, may play a role in regulating appetitive behavior.......The aim of this study was to investigate food intake, serum leptin levels, and leptin mRNA expression during the sexual cycle in rats. Female Wistar-Imamichi rats aged 8-10 weeks were used in this experiment. Food intake was measured during the light and dark phases (light on at 07:00 and off at 19......:00) of the 4-day estrous cycle in female rats. Serum leptin levels were measured by ELISA, and leptin mRNA expression levels were analyzed using real-time PCR on diestrous- and proestrous-stage rats. Our results revealed that during the sexual cycle, food intake was significantly higher in the dark phase...

  8. Dysregulation of leptin signaling in Alzheimer disease: evidence for neuronal leptin resistance.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bonda, David J; Stone, Jeremy G; Torres, Sandy L; Siedlak, Sandra L; Perry, George; Kryscio, Richard; Jicha, Gregory; Casadesus, Gemma; Smith, Mark A; Zhu, Xiongwei; Lee, Hyoung-Gon

    2014-01-01

    Leptin signaling has received considerable attention in the Alzheimer disease (AD) field. Within the past decade, the peptide hormone has been demonstrated to attenuate tau hyperphosphorylation in neuronal cells and to be modulated by amyloid-β. Moreover, a role in neuroprotection and neurogenesis within the hippocampus has been shown in animal models. To further characterize the association between leptin signaling and vulnerable regions in AD, we assessed the profile of leptin and the leptin receptor in AD and control patients. We analyzed leptin levels in CSF, and the concentration and localization of leptin and leptin receptor in the hippocampus. Significant elevations in leptin levels in both CSF and hippocampal tissue of AD patients, compared with age-matched control cases, indicate a physiological up-regulation of leptin in AD. However, the level of leptin receptor mRNA decreased in AD brain and the leptin receptor protein was localized to neurofibrillary tangles, suggesting a severe discontinuity in the leptin signaling pathway. Collectively, our results suggest that leptin resistance in the hippocampus may play a role in the characteristic changes associated with the disease. These findings are the first to demonstrate such dysregulated leptin-signaling circuitry and provide novel insights into the possible role of aberrant leptin signaling in AD. In this study, increased leptin was found in CSF and hippocampus in Alzheimer disease indicating its physiological up-regulation, yet leptin receptor mRNA was decreased and leptin receptor protein was localized to neurofibrillary tangles, suggesting a discontinuity in the leptin signaling pathway. The lack of leptin signaling within degenerating neurons may represent a novel neuronal leptin resistance in Alzheimer disease. © 2013 International Society for Neurochemistry.

  9. Serum 25-Hydroxyvitamin D Levels, phosphoprotein enriched in diabetes gene product (PED/PEA-15 and leptin-to-adiponectin ratio in women with PCOS

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    Savastano Silvia

    2011-11-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background Polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS is frequently associated with hypovitaminosis D. Vitamin D is endowed with pleiotropic effects, including insulin resistance (IR and apoptotic pathway. Disruption of the complex mechanism that regulated ovarian apoptosis has been reported in PCOS. Phosphoprotein enriched in diabetes gene product (PED/PEA-15, an anti-apoptotic protein involved in type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM, is overexpressed in PCOS women, independently of obesity. Leptin-to-adiponectin ratio (L/A is a biomarker of IR and low-grade inflammation in PCOS. The aim of the study was to investigate the levels of 25-hydroxy vitamin D (25(OHD, and L/A, in association with PED/PEA-15 protein abundance, in both lean and overweight/obese (o/o women with PCOS. Patients and Methods PED/PEA-15 protein abundance and circulating levels of 25(OHD, L/A, sex hormone-binding globulin, and testosterone were evaluated in 90 untreated PCOS patients (25 ± 4 yrs; range 18-34 and 40 healthy controls age and BMI comparable, from the same geographical area. FAI (free androgen index and the homeostasis model assessment of insulin resistance (HoMA-IR index were calculated. Results In o/o PCOS, 25(OHD levels were significantly lower, and L/A values were significantly higher than in lean PCOS (p Conclusions Lower 25(OHD and higher L/A were associated to PED/PEA-15 protein abundance in PCOS, suggesting their involvement in the ovarian imbalance between pro-and anti-apoptotic mechanisms, with high L/A and insulin and low 25(OHD levels as the main determinants of PED/PEA-15 protein variability. Further studies, involving also different apoptotic pathways or inflammatory cytokines and granulosa cells are mandatory to better define the possible bidirectional relationships between 25(OHD, PED/PEA-15 protein abundance, leptin and adiponectin in PCOS pathogenesis.

  10. The molecular mechanism of leptin secretion and expression induced by aristolochic acid in kidney fibroblast.

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    Tsung-Chieh Lin

    Full Text Available BACKGROUND: Leptin is a peptide hormone playing pivotal role in regulating food intake and energy expenditure. Growing evidence has suggested the pro-inflammatory and fibrogenic properties of leptin. In addition, patients with renal fibrosis have higher level of plasma leptin, which was due to the increased leptin production. Aristolochic acid (AA is a botanical toxin characterized to associate with the development of renal fibrosis including tubulointerstitial fibrosis. However, whether leptin is upregulated to participate in AA-induced kidney fibrosis remain completely unknown. METHODOLOGY/PRINCIPAL FINDINGS: In this study, leptin expression was increased by sublethal dose of AA in kidney fibroblast NRK49f determined by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay and Western blot. Data from real-time reverse transcriptase-polymerase chain reaction revealed that leptin was upregulated by AA at transcriptional level. DNA binding activity of CCAAT enhancer binding protein α (C/EBP α, one of the transcription factors for leptin gene, was enhanced in DNA affinity precipitation assay and chromatin immunoprecipitation experiments. Knockdown of C/EBP α expression by small interfering RNA markedly reduced AA-induced leptin expression. Moreover, AA promoted Akt interaction with p-PDK1, and increased phosphorylated activation of Akt. Akt knockdown, and inhibition of Akt signaling by LY294002 and mTOR inhibitor rapamycin reduced leptin expression. Furthermore, treatment of LY294002 or rapamycin significantly suppressed AA-induced C/EBP α DNA-binding activity. These results suggest that Akt and C/EBP α activation were involved in AA-regulated leptin expression. CONCLUSIONS/SIGNIFICANCE: Our findings demonstrate the first that AA could induce secretion and expression of fibrogenic leptin in kidney fibroblasts, which reveal potential involvement of leptin in the progression of kidney fibrosis in aristolochic acid nephropathy.

  11. Platelet antibodies, activated platelets and serum leptin in childhood immune thrombocytopenic purpura.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Badrawy, Hosny; Elsayh, Khalid I; Zahran, Asmaa M; El-Ghazali, Mohamad Hamdy

    2013-01-01

    The aim of this study was to evaluate the levels of platelet-associated antibodies (PAIgG and PAIgM), activated platelets and serum leptin in children with acute immune thrombocytopenic purpura (ITP). The study included 40 patients with ITP and 40 healthy age- and sex-matched controls. PAIgG, PAIgM and activated platelet levels were estimated by flow cytometry, and serum leptin levels were estimated by ELISA. Activated platelets and serum leptin were significantly higher in the ITP patients than in the controls. The percentage and mean fluorescence intensity of PAIgG and PAIgM staining were significantly higher in the patients than in the controls. Serum leptin and activated platelet levels in patients with thrombocytopenia of brief duration were significantly lower than those in patients with thrombocytopenia of prolonged duration. The levels of activated platelets, serum leptin and PAIgG were positively correlated, and the levels of serum leptin, activated platelets and platelet counts were negatively correlated. The increased levels of activated platelets, serum leptin and platelet-associated antibodies in children with acute ITP suggest that these factors could play a role in ITP pathogenesis. Additionally, activated platelets and serum leptin could have prognostic significance in paediatric acute ITP. Copyright © 2013 S. Karger AG, Basel.

  12. Leucine supplementation improves leptin sensitivity in high-fat diet fed rats

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    Xue-Wei Yuan

    2015-06-01

    Full Text Available Background: Several studies have reported the favorable effect of leucine supplementation on insulin resistance or insulin sensitivity. However, whether or not leucine supplementation improves leptin sensitivity remains unclear. Design: Forty-eight male Sprague-Dawley rats were fed with either a high-fat diet (HFD or HFD supplemented with 1.5, 3.0, and 4.5% leucine for 16 weeks. At the end of the experiment, serum leptin level was measured by ELISA, and leptin receptor (ObR in the hypothalamus was examined by immunohistochemistry. The protein expressions of ObR and leptin-signaling pathway in adipose tissues were detected by western blot. Results: No significant differences in body weight and food/energy intake existed among the four groups. Serum leptin levels were significantly lower, and ObR expression in the hypothalamus and adipose tissues was significantly higher in the three leucine groups than in the control group. These phenomena suggested that leptin sensitivity was improved in the leucine groups. Furthermore, the expressions of JAK2 and STAT3 (activated by ObR were significantly higher, and that of SOCS3 (inhibits leptin signaling was significantly lower in the three leucine groups than in the control group. Conclusions: Leucine supplementation improves leptin sensitivity in rats on HFD likely by promoting leptin signaling.

  13. Relationship of leptin level,hormone level and hot flash in rural menopause women%农村更年期妇女瘦素水平与潮热的相关性分析

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    夏晓娜; 李芬; 张巧利; 许静; 边永娜; 张欣文; 宋晖; DONG Xiao-Yu

    2011-01-01

    目的 探讨农村更年期妇女瘦素水平与潮热症状之间的相关性.方法 采用病例对照研究方法,对陕西农村790例40~60岁妇女进行流行病学调查,选取208例更年期妇女根据有无潮热症状分为潮热组(102例)、无潮热组(106例);两组妇女均用放免的方法进行血清瘦素(leptin)水平的测定.结果①对两组基本情况进行比较,两组年龄、月经初潮年龄、目前月经情况、饮食无显著性差异(P>0.05);但是潮热组文化程度比无潮热组低, BMI和腰围比无潮热组高,差异有统计学意义(P<0.05).②轻中重潮热组相比较,leptin水平有显著差异(P<0.05).并且瘦素水平与潮热发生的频数成正相关(rs=0.870,P<0.05).结论 农村更年期妇女的瘦素水平与潮热发生的频率和程度有关.%Objective To investigate the relationship between leptin level and hot flash in rural menopause women.Methods 760 rural women aged 40 ~ 60 in Shaanxi province were investigated by epidemiological investigation with a case-control method.208 menopausal women were chosen and divided according to whether or not with hot flushes ( 102 with hot flushes and 106 without hot flushes).The serum leptin level of two groups were tested by radioimmunoassay.Results ①There was no difference in age, menarche age, menstruation at present,diet between the two groups The education level in hot flashes group was lower than that in without hot flashes group, and BMI and waistline were higher than those in without hot flashes group(P < 0.05).②Leptin levels in hot flashes group was higher than that in without hot flashes group ( P < 0.05 ).Leptin level was positive correlated with the frequency of hot flashes ( rs = 0.870, P < 0.05).Conclusions Leptin level in rural menopausal women has correlation with the frequency and the degree of hot flashes occurrence.

  14. Lipid profile and levels of homocysteine, leptin, fibrinogen and C-reactive protein in hyperthyroid patients before and after treatment

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    Emine Sütken

    2010-03-01

    Full Text Available Objectives: The present study was carried out to determine whether thyroid hormones affect lipid profile and levels of erithrocyte sedimentation rate (ESR, serum total homocysteine (t-hcy, leptin, fibrinogen, C-reactive protein (CRP in patients with hyperthyroidism.Materials and methods: This study was carried out on 23 hyperthroid subjects (3 men / 20 women, mean age 41.8 ± 2.4 years. Serum levels of homocysteine, leptin, fibrinogen, CRP, total cholesterol (TC, high-density lipoprotein cholesterol (HDL-C, low-density lipoprotein cholesterol (LDL-C and ESR were measured and body mass index (BMI were calculated before and after treatment of hyperthyroidism.Results: Pretreatment t-hcy, TC, LDL-C, HDL-C levels and BMI of patients were significantly lower than those of the post-treatment (p<0.001, for each variable. However, fibrinogen and ESR decreased after the treatment (p<0.001 and p<0.05, respectively. There were no differences in leptin and CRP levels between pre- and post-treatment periods. Pre and post treatment TC and LDL-C levels were negatively correlated with free triiodothyronine (fT3 levels (r=-0.588, p<0.01; r=-0.534, p<0.01; r=-0.543, p<0.01 and r =-0.653, p<0.01, respectively. Pre-treatment HDL-C was inversely correlated with TSH (r=-0.423, p<0.05. Pre-post- treatment LDL-C was negatively correlated with free thyroxine (fT4 levels (r=-0.536, p<0.001 and r=- 0.422, p<0.05 respectively. Pre-treatment TC was inversely correlated with fT4 (r=-0.590, p<0.01.Conclusion: Hyperthyroidism is associated with high plasma fibrinogen and ESR levels. Elevated plasma fibrinogen and ESR levels may be a possible explanation for the high cardiovascular morbidity among hyperthyroidic subjects. These changes may reflect low-grade inflammation or disturbances in coagulation in hyperthyroidism.

  15. Association Between Serum Leptin and Adiponectin Levels with Risk of Insulin Resistance and Impaired Glucose Tolerance in Non-diabetic Women

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    Chun-Ying Lee

    2009-03-01

    Full Text Available Obesity is a well known risk factor for insulin resistance and type 2 diabetes. Recently discovered adipocyte-derived proteins (leptin and adiponectin might contribute to the pathologic mechanism linking obesity and insulin resistance. A total of 190 non-diabetic women were recruited from the Obesity Clinic of Kaohsiung Municipal Hsiao-Kang Hospital, Taiwan, between February 2003 and February 2004. All participants completed a simple questionnaire. Blood pressure and body mass index were measured; blood samples for fasting glucose, total cholesterol, high-density lipoprotein cholesterol, triglyceride, leptin, adiponectin, and fasting insulin level were collected after an overnight fast. Two-hour glucose level after a 75-g glucose tolerance test was determined. Homeostasis model assessment of insulin resistance (HOMA-IR was calculated as the index of insulin resistance. Multivariate linear regression analyses were used to analyze the relationship between adipocytokines and insulin resistance after adjusting for possible confounding factors. Leptin and adiponectin were found to be independently associated with HOMA-IR and fasting insulin concentration, but in divergent directions, after adjusting for potential confounding factors. Adiponectin, but not leptin, was associated with impaired glucose tolerance after adjusting for potential confounding factors. The results suggest that leptin and adiponectin may be involved in the pathophysiologic link between obesity and insulin resistance independently. Low levels of adiponectin may increase the risks of developing impaired glucose metabolism and type 2 diabetes.

  16. Association of Leptin-2548G/A polymorphism with diabetic nephropathy in Iranian Azeri Turkish patients

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    Sina Abroon

    2016-12-01

    Full Text Available The association of -2548 G/A polymorphism with diabetes has been discussed in previous studies, but there is no study on nephropathic patients. To investigate the -2548G/Polymorphism as a possible risk factor for incidence of nephropathy in diabetic patients. Distributions of Leptin -2548G/A genotypes were evaluated in 100 diabetic nephropathy and 100 diabetic non-nephropathy Iranian Azeri Turkish patients, using polymerase chain reaction- restriction fragment length polymorphism technique. Also glucose, lipid profile, kidney parameters, insulin and leptin levels were evaluated. The results showed that the GA and AA genotypes could increase nephropathy risk about 2- and 3- fold, respectively (p= 0.034 and 0.009 respectively but considering serum leptin levels as affecting factor eliminated such association. Serum levels of leptin were higher in AA carriers than patients with other genotypes (p<0.05. We found that levels of creatinine and insulin were positively correlated with leptin levels in diabetic non-nephropathy group. GFR levels were negatively correlated with leptin levels in all studied and diabetic non-nephropathy groups. Our findings showed that considering leptin levels as affecting variable, the LEP-2548G/A polymorphism is not associated with nephropathy complication in diabetic patients and the polymorphism may affect through increasing leptin levels.

  17. Expression of leptin and leptin receptor during the development of liver fibrosis and cirrhosis.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Otte, C; Otte, J-M; Strodthoff, D; Bornstein, S R; Fölsch, U R; Mönig, H; Kloehn, S

    2004-01-01

    Leptin is involved in the regulation of food intake and is mainly secreted by adipocytes. Major secretagogues are cytokines such as TNF-alpha or IL-1. Leptin in turn upregulates inflammatory immune responses. Elevated leptin serum levels have been detected in patients with liver cirrhosis, a disease frequently associated with elevated levels of circulating cytokines as well as hypermetabolism and altered body weight. Recently, leptin has been detected in activated hepatic stellate cells in vitro and an involvement of leptin in liver fibrogenisis has been suggested. The current study was designed to further clarify the role of leptin in liver disease by characterizing leptin and leptin receptor expression in the development and onset of experimental liver fibrosis. Liver fibrosis and cirrhosis was induced in rats by use of phenobarbitone and increasing doses of CCl (4). Leptin and leptin receptor mRNA expression was determined by semiquantitative RT-PCR, protein expression by Western blot analysis and localization of leptin and its receptor by immunohistochemistry. Normal liver tissue does not express leptin, but leptin receptor mRNA. Increasing levels of leptin mRNA were detected in fibrotic and cirrhotic livers correlated to the degree of fibrosis. Leptin receptor mRNA expression was not significantly altered in damaged livers. Increasing levels of leptin were detected in fibrotic and cirrhotic livers, whereas protein expression of the receptor remained unchanged. Throughout different stages of liver fibrosis, leptin immunoreactivity was localized in activated hepatic stellate cells only, whereas immunoreactivity for the receptor was mainly seen on hepatocytes. In conclusion, leptin is expressed at increasing levels in activated hepatic stellate cells in vivo, which may therefore be a source of increased leptin tissue and serum levels contributing to the pathophysiology and morphological changes of chronic liver disease.

  18. Role of estrogen receptor signaling in skeletal response to leptin in female ob/ob mice.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Turner, Russell T; Philbrick, Kenneth A; Kuah, Amida F; Branscum, Adam J; Iwaniec, Urszula T

    2017-06-01

    Leptin, critical in regulation of energy metabolism, is also important for normal bone growth, maturation and turnover. Compared to wild type (WT) mice, bone mass is lower in leptin-deficient ob/ob mice. Osteopenia in growing ob/ob mice is due to decreased bone accrual, and is associated with reduced longitudinal bone growth, impaired cancellous bone maturation and increased marrow adipose tissue (MAT). However, leptin deficiency also results in gonadal dysfunction, disrupting production of gonadal hormones which regulate bone growth and turnover. The present study evaluated the role of increased estrogen in mediating the effects of leptin on bone in ob/ob mice. Three-month-old female ob/ob mice were randomized into one of the 3 groups: (1) ob/ob + vehicle (veh), (2) ob/ob + leptin (leptin) or (3) ob/ob + leptin and the potent estrogen receptor antagonist ICI 182,780 (leptin + ICI). Age-matched WT mice received vehicle. Leptin (40 µg/mouse, daily) and ICI (10 µg/mouse, 2×/week) were administered by subcutaneous injection for 1 month and bone analyzed by X-ray absorptiometry, microcomputed tomography and static and dynamic histomorphometry. Uterine weight did not differ between ob/ob mice and ob/ob mice receiving leptin + ICI, indicating that ICI successfully blocked the uterine response to leptin-induced increases in estrogen levels. Compared to leptin-treated ob/ob mice, ob/ob mice receiving leptin + ICI had lower uterine weight; did not differ in weight loss, MAT or bone formation rate; and had higher longitudinal bone growth rate and cancellous bone volume fraction. We conclude that increased estrogen signaling following leptin treatment is dispensable for the positive actions of leptin on bone and may attenuate leptin-induced bone growth. © 2017 Society for Endocrinology.

  19. Reference values for serum leptin in healthy non-obese children and adolescents.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lausten-Thomsen, Ulrik; Christiansen, Michael; Louise Hedley, Paula; Esmann Fonvig, Cilius; Stjernholm, Theresa; Pedersen, Oluf; Hansen, Torben; Holm, Jens-Christian

    2016-11-01

    Adipokines are biologically active, low-molecular weight peptides, which play a major role in metabolic homeostasis in humans. Leptin has gained increasing attention in pediatrics as a biomarker for various metabolic pathologies. Yet, its usefulness is hampered by the relative lack of reference values from pediatric settings. Accordingly, this study aims to evaluate serum concentrations of leptin, soluble leptin receptor (sOB-R), and free leptin index (FLI) in healthy Danish schoolchildren aged 6-18 years and subsequently to establish reference intervals across sex and age groups. A total of 1193 healthy, non-obese Danish schoolchildren (730 girls, 463 boys) aged 6-18 years (median 11.9) were examined by trained medical staff. Serum leptin and sOB-R concentrations in venous fasting blood samples were quantitated by immunoassay. Percentile curves of leptin, sOB-R, and free leptin index were calculated using the General Additive Model for Location Scale and Shape (GAMLSS). Significant age and sex-dependent differences in circulating leptin levels were found. In boys, the median leptin concentration for all ages combined was 3.35 μg/L (95%-interval: 0.71-22.47) and in girls, it was 9.89 ng/L (95%-interval: 2.06-41.49). For SOB-R, no sex-specific difference was found, and the median sOB-R concentration was 8.24 μg/L (IQR: 3.58-23.74; range: leptin concentration and free leptin index with a gradual and significant increase in girls throughout childhood and adolescence and a significantly higher leptin concentration and free leptin index bell-shaped peak in early adolescence in boys.

  20. Leptin Direnci ve Obezite

    OpenAIRE

    Hekimoğlu, Aşkın

    2007-01-01

    Leptin resistance and obesity are associated with reduced leptin receptors and diminished maximal leptin signaling capacity; and leptin resistance confers increased susceptibility to diet-induced obesity. In essence, the augmented leptin accompanying obesity contributes to leptin resistance. Leptin resistance promotes further obesity, leading to a vicious cycle of escalating metabolic devastation.

  1. Leptin Direnci ve Obezite

    OpenAIRE

    Hekimoğlu, Aşkın

    2007-01-01

    Leptin resistance and obesity are associated with reduced leptin receptors and diminished maximal leptin signaling capacity; and leptin resistance confers increased susceptibility to diet-induced obesity. In essence, the augmented leptin accompanying obesity contributes to leptin resistance. Leptin resistance promotes further obesity, leading to a vicious cycle of escalating metabolic devastation.

  2. Association of Increased Serum Leptin with Ameliorated Anemia and Malnutrition in Stage 5 Chronic Kidney Disease Patients after Parathyroidectomy.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Jiang, Yao; Zhang, Jingjing; Yuan, Yanggang; Zha, Xiaoming; Xing, Changying; Shen, Chong; Shen, Zhixiang; Qin, Chao; Zeng, Ming; Yang, Guang; Mao, Huijuan; Zhang, Bo; Yu, Xiangbao; Sun, Bin; Ouyang, Chun; Xu, Xueqiang; Ge, Yifei; Wang, Jing; Zhang, Lina; Cheng, Chen; Yin, Caixia; Zhang, Jing; Chen, Huimin; Ma, Haoyang; Wang, Ningning

    2016-06-16

    Leptin is an adipokine that regulates various metabolism, but its association with secondary hyperparathyroidism (SHPT), a clinical manifestation of chronic kidney disease-mineral and bone disorder (CKD-MBD), remains obscure. Parathyroidectomy (PTX) is recommended for severe SHPT patients. Here, the associations between circulating leptin and clinical characteristics in CKD patients were investigated. Effects of PTX on leptin production were analyzed in vivo and in vitro. Controls and CKD patients had approximate serum leptin levels in that a larger proportion of CKD patients with body mass index (BMI) leptin was related to anemia, albumin, and bone metabolism disorders in CKD patients. Lower intact parathyroid hormone (PTH) was related with higher leptin in PTX patients group. Severe SHPT inhibited uremia-enhanced leptin production in 3T3-L1 adipocytes, which was attenuated after PTX. High levels of PTH were found to reduce Akt phosphorylation and leptin production in vitro but high levels of calcium and phosphorus were not. Successful PTX was found to improve anemia and malnutrition in severe SHPT patients, and this was correlated with increased circulating leptin levels via up-regulated Akt signaling in adipocytes. These findings indicated the therapeutic potential of leptin and related target pathway for improving survival and quality of life in CKD.

  3. Is leptin related to systemic inflammatory response in acute pancreatitis?

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Andrés Duarte-Rojo; Ana Lezama-Barreda; Mar(i)a Teresa Ram(i)rez-lglesias; Mario Peláez Luna; Guillermo Robles-Diaz

    2006-01-01

    AIM: To evaluate the relationship between leptin and systemic inflammation in acute pancreatitis.METHODS: Consecutive patients with acute pancreatitis were included. Body mass index and serum samples were obtained at admission. Leptin, TNF-α, IL-6, -8and -10 levels were determined by ELISA. Severity was defined according to Atlanta criteria.RESULTS: Fifty-two (29 females) patients were studied.Overall body mass index was similar between mild and severe cases, although women with severe pancreatitis had lower body mass index (P = 0.04) and men showed higher body mass index (P = 0.05). No difference was found in leptin levels regarding the severity of pancreatitis, but higher levels tended to appear in male patients with increased body mass index and severe pancreatitis (P = 0.1). A multivariate analysis showed no association between leptin levels and severity. The strongest cytokine associated with severity was IL-6.Correlations of leptin with another cytokines only showed a trend for IL-8 (P = 0.058).CONCLUSION: High body mass index was associated with severity only in males, which may be related to android fat distribution. Serum leptin seems not to play a role on the systemic inflammatory response in acute pancreatitis and its association with severe outcome in males might represent a marker of increased adiposity.

  4. Development and characterization of high affinity leptins and leptin antagonists.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Shpilman, Michal; Niv-Spector, Leonora; Katz, Meirav; Varol, Chen; Solomon, Gili; Ayalon-Soffer, Michal; Boder, Eric; Halpern, Zamir; Elinav, Eran; Gertler, Arieh

    2011-02-11

    Leptin is a pleiotropic hormone acting both centrally and peripherally. It participates in a variety of biological processes, including energy metabolism, reproduction, and modulation of the immune response. So far, structural elements affecting leptin binding to its receptor remain unknown. We employed random mutagenesis of leptin, followed by selection of high affinity mutants by yeast surface display and discovered that replacing residue Asp-23 with a non-negatively charged amino acid leads to dramatically enhanced affinity of leptin for its soluble receptor. Rational mutagenesis of Asp-23 revealed the D23L substitution to be most effective. Coupling the Asp-23 mutation with alanine mutagenesis of three amino acids (L39A/D40A/F41A) previously reported to convert leptin into antagonist resulted in potent antagonistic activity. These novel superactive mouse and human leptin antagonists (D23L/L39A/D40A/F41A), termed SMLA and SHLA, respectively, exhibited over 60-fold increased binding to leptin receptor and 14-fold higher antagonistic activity in vitro relative to the L39A/D40A/F41A mutants. To prolong and enhance in vivo activity, SMLA and SHLA were monopegylated mainly at the N terminus. Administration of the pegylated SMLA to mice resulted in a remarkably rapid, significant, and reversible 27-fold more potent increase in body weight (as compared with pegylated mouse leptin antagonist), because of increased food consumption. Thus, recognition and mutagenesis of Asp-23 enabled construction of novel compounds that induce potent and reversible central and peripheral leptin deficiency. In addition to enhancing our understanding of leptin interactions with its receptor, these antagonists enable in vivo study of the role of leptin in metabolic and immune processes and hold potential for future therapeutic use in disease pathologies involving leptin.

  5. Development and Characterization of High Affinity Leptins and Leptin Antagonists*

    Science.gov (United States)

    Shpilman, Michal; Niv-Spector, Leonora; Katz, Meirav; Varol, Chen; Solomon, Gili; Ayalon-Soffer, Michal; Boder, Eric; Halpern, Zamir; Elinav, Eran; Gertler, Arieh

    2011-01-01

    Leptin is a pleiotropic hormone acting both centrally and peripherally. It participates in a variety of biological processes, including energy metabolism, reproduction, and modulation of the immune response. So far, structural elements affecting leptin binding to its receptor remain unknown. We employed random mutagenesis of leptin, followed by selection of high affinity mutants by yeast surface display and discovered that replacing residue Asp-23 with a non-negatively charged amino acid leads to dramatically enhanced affinity of leptin for its soluble receptor. Rational mutagenesis of Asp-23 revealed the D23L substitution to be most effective. Coupling the Asp-23 mutation with alanine mutagenesis of three amino acids (L39A/D40A/F41A) previously reported to convert leptin into antagonist resulted in potent antagonistic activity. These novel superactive mouse and human leptin antagonists (D23L/L39A/D40A/F41A), termed SMLA and SHLA, respectively, exhibited over 60-fold increased binding to leptin receptor and 14-fold higher antagonistic activity in vitro relative to the L39A/D40A/F41A mutants. To prolong and enhance in vivo activity, SMLA and SHLA were monopegylated mainly at the N terminus. Administration of the pegylated SMLA to mice resulted in a remarkably rapid, significant, and reversible 27-fold more potent increase in body weight (as compared with pegylated mouse leptin antagonist), because of increased food consumption. Thus, recognition and mutagenesis of Asp-23 enabled construction of novel compounds that induce potent and reversible central and peripheral leptin deficiency. In addition to enhancing our understanding of leptin interactions with its receptor, these antagonists enable in vivo study of the role of leptin in metabolic and immune processes and hold potential for future therapeutic use in disease pathologies involving leptin. PMID:21119198

  6. The Relationship Between Skinfold Thickness and Leptin, Ghrelin, Adiponectin, and Resistin Levels in Infants of Diabetic Mothers.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kara, Mustafa; Orbak, Zerrin; Döneray, Hakan; Ozkan, Behzat; Akcay, Fatih

    2017-02-01

    This study aimed to investigate the relationship between skinfold thickness and serum leptin, ghrelin, adiponectin, and resistin levels in infants of diabetic mothers. Biochemical parameters were also similar for the two groups (infants of diabetic mothers and controls) (p > 0.05). We confirmed that there was a negative correlation between birth weight and serum ghrelin level (p < 0.05) in the two groups. When it was evaluated for control newborns, a positive correlation between abdominal circumference and serum resistin level was found in the controls (p < 0.05). Our results indicate that gestational diabetes by appropriate diet or insulin treatment may be effective in the protection of fetuses of diabetic mothers from the negative effects of gestational diabetes. Ghrelin alone was negatively correlated with birth weight. This negative correlation could be potentially advantageous to infants, because a reduction in appetite might prevent excessive food intake and postnatal weight gain.

  7. Sex differences in leptin modulate ventilation in heart failure.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cundrle, Ivan; Somers, Virend K; Singh, Prachi; Johnson, Bruce D; Scott, Christopher G; Olson, Lyle J

    Leptin modulates ventilation and circulating levels are higher in normal women than men. The aim of this study was to compare exercise ventilation and gas exchange in men and women with heart failure (HF) and their relation to circulating leptin concentration. Consecutive HF patients were studied by cardiopulmonary exercise testing and assay of circulating leptin concentration. Fifty-seven men and 20 women were similar with respect to age, BMI, NYHA class, left ventricular ejection fraction, and peak oxygen consumption (all p > 0.05). Leptin concentration was lower (10.3 ± 10 vs. 25.3 ± 16 ng/mL; p Leptin concentration was associated with peak exercise VE/VCO2 (b = -0.35; F = 5.6; p = 0.02). Men have significantly lower circulating leptin concentration and increased ventilatory drive during exercise than women with comparable HF. In men with HF, lower leptin concentration may account for an increased ventilatory drive. Copyright © 2017. Published by Elsevier Inc.

  8. Elevated serum leptin, adiponectin and leptin to adiponectin ratio is associated with chronic kidney disease in Asian adults.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Cynthia Ciwei Lim

    Full Text Available Adiponectin and leptin, two of the key cytokines secreted by adipocytes, have been shown to be associated with cardiovascular disease. However, the association of these adipocytokines with chronic kidney disease (CKD is not clear. We examined the association of serum adiponectin, leptin levels and leptin to adiponectin ratio (LAR with CKD in a population-based sample of Asian adults.We conducted a case-control study (450 CKD cases and 920 controls matched for age, sex and ethnicity involving Chinese and Indian adults aged 40-80 years who participated in the Singapore Epidemiology of Eye Diseases Study (2007-2011. CKD was defined as an estimated glomerular filtration rate 0.1.Higher levels of serum adiponectin, leptin and LAR were positively associated with CKD independent of traditional risk factors in this Asian population.

  9. Leptin and ghrelin levels in colostrum, milk and blood plasma of sows and pig neonates during the first week of lactation.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Woliński, Jarosław; Słupecka, Monika; Romanowicz, Katarzyna

    2014-02-01

    Radioimmunology was used to determine leptin and ghrelin levels in sow colostrum and milk in relation to those in sow and neonatal pig blood plasma and to the body weight of piglets during the first week of lactation. The highest concentration of leptin was found in colostrum on the second day of lactation (69.3 ± 6.3 ng/mL). Leptin concentrations in sow plasma were significantly lower than in colostrum/milk (2.19 ± 0.9 ng/mL, P = 0.7692) and were stable in the first 7 days of lactation. Total and active ghrelin concentrations in colostrum/milk were stable in the measured time points (6734 ± 261 pg/mL, P = 0.3397; 831 ± 242 pg/mL, P = 0.3988, respectively). Total ghrelin concentrations in sow plasma were lower than in colostrum/milk. These results indicate that pigs follow a unique species-specific pattern of leptin and ghrelin synthesis, release and existence, and that the mammary gland is an important source of leptin and ghrelin contained in colostrum/milk.

  10. Disruption of hypothalamic leptin signaling in mice leads to early-onset obesity, but physiological adaptations in mature animals stabilize adiposity levels.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ring, Laurence E; Zeltser, Lori M

    2010-08-01

    Distinct populations of leptin-sensing neurons in the hypothalamus, midbrain, and brainstem contribute to the regulation of energy homeostasis. To assess the requirement for leptin signaling in the hypothalamus, we crossed mice with a floxed leptin receptor allele (Leprfl) to mice transgenic for Nkx2.1-Cre, which drives Cre expression in the hypothalamus and not in more caudal brain regions, generating LeprNkx2.1KO mice. From weaning, LeprNkx2.1KO mice exhibited phenotypes similar to those observed in mice with global loss of leptin signaling (Leprdb/db mice), including increased weight gain and adiposity, hyperphagia, cold intolerance, and insulin resistance. However, after 8 weeks of age, LeprNkx2.1KO mice maintained stable adiposity levels, whereas the body fat percentage of Leprdb/db animals continued to escalate. The divergence in the adiposity phenotypes of Leprdb/db and LeprNkx2.1KO mice with age was concomitant with increased rates of linear growth and energy expenditure in LeprNkx2.1KO mice. These data suggest that remaining leptin signals in LeprNkx2.1KO mice mediate physiological adaptations that prevent the escalation of the adiposity phenotype in adult mice. The persistence of severe adiposity in LeprNkx2.1KO mice, however, suggests that compensatory actions of circuits regulating growth and energy expenditure are not sufficient to reverse obesity established at an early age.

  11. Changes of serum leptin levels in patients with premature ejaculation after sertraline treatment%早泄患者盐酸舍曲林治疗前后血清瘦素水平的变化

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    汤坤龙; 王宝龙; 杨琳; 李黎明; 周勇; 杨长海

    2012-01-01

    Fifty nine patients with premature ejaculation (PE) received sertraline treatment for 8 weeks.The average intravaginal ejaculation latency time (IELT) and the scores of Chinese index of premature ejaculation (CIPE) were evaluated and the fasting serum leptin levels were measured before and after treatment,all the values were compared with those of 64 normal male controls.The serum leptin levels were higher,the IELT and CIPE scores were lower in PE patients than those in normal controls before treatment.After 8 weeks of treatment with sertraline,the levels of serum leptin in PE patients decreased to normal levels,CIPE and IELT increased.The results indicate that serum leptin can be used as a bioindicator for diagnosis of premature ejaculation and assessment of therapeutic efficacy in PE patients.%对59例门诊早泄(PE)患者,予盐酸舍曲林治疗8周,观察治疗前后血浆瘦素水平的变化,同时评估射精潜伏期(IELT)、中国早泄患者性功能评价表(CIPE)评分的变化,并行相关性分析.59例PE患者治疗前血浆瘦素水平明显高于64例正常对照者,而IELT及CIPE评分远低于正常对照者;盐酸舍曲林治疗8周后,PE患者IELT及CIPE评分明显上升,血浆瘦素水平下降.表明血浆高水平瘦素是PE患者的生物学指标,其测定对临床诊断PE和评估疗效具有参考意义.

  12. Negative Correlation between Serum S100B and Leptin Levels in Schizophrenic Patients During Treatment with Clozapine and Risperidone: Preliminary Evidence.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hendouei, Narjes; Hosseini, Seyed Hamzeh; Panahi, Amin; Khazaeipour, Zahra; Barari, Fatemeh; Sahebnasagh, Adeleh; Ala, Shahram

    2016-01-01

    Recently, extensive efforts have been made to understand the rate of energy expenditure and the weight gain associated with atypical antipsychotic treatment, including identification of markers of obesity risk. In recent years, leptin, an adipocyte hormone, has gained significant interest in psychiatric disorders. S100B has been considered as a surrogate marker for astrocyte-specific damage in neurologic disorders. Also, S100B has been detected in adipose with concentration as high as nervous tissue as a second release source. In this study we evaluated the relationship between S100B and leptin in schizophrenic patients under treatment with clozapine and risperidone.This study included 19 patients meeting the DSM-IV-TR criteria for schizophrenia, having body mass index (BMI) of 16- 25 kg/m(2) and suffering schizophrenia for more than 3 years and from this study. Twenty five healthy controls were group matched for age and gender whose BMI was 16-25 kg/m(2). Serum S100B and leptin levels and positive and negative symptom scale (PANSS) were assessed at admission and after six weeks. During the study, S100B showed a strong and negative correlation with leptin (r = -0.5, P = 0.01). Also, there were negative correlation between serum S100B level and PANSS negative subscale after 6 weeks of treatment (r = -0.048, P = 0.8). Positive correlation between leptin level and PANSS suggested a potential role for leptin which can mediate the link between antipsychotic induced weight gain and therapeutic response in schizophrenia.

  13. Serum leptin levels in children and adolescents with insulin-dependent diabetes mellitus in relation to metabolic control and body mass index

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Kiess, W; Anil, M; Blum, W F;

    1998-01-01

    . It is unclear at present whether this insulin action is a direct or an indirect effect. To investigate whether leptin concentrations in children and adolescents with type 1 diabetes (IDDM) were related to metabolic status, body weight, body mass index and insulin treatment, we have measured leptin...... compared with normative data that were derived from a large cohort of healthy children and adolescents. Serum from children with newly diagnosed diabetes had significantly lower levels of leptin (mean 1.28+/-1.60 ng/ml, range 0.14-6.13 ng/ml) compared with healthy children (n=710) (mean 2.2 ng/ml, range 0.......26-14.4ng/ml) and compared with insulin-treated children and adolescents (mean 5.18+/-5.48 ng/ml, range 0.26-29.77 ng/ml) (P...

  14. Goldfish Leptin-AI and Leptin-AII: Function and Central Mechanism in Feeding Control

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ai-Fen Yan

    2016-05-01

    Full Text Available In mammals, leptin is a peripheral satiety factor that inhibits feeding by regulating a variety of appetite-related hormones in the brain. However, most of the previous studies examining leptin in fish feeding were performed with mammalian leptins, which share very low sequence homologies with fish leptins. To elucidate the function and mechanism of endogenous fish leptins in feeding regulation, recombinant goldfish leptin-AI and leptin-AII were expressed in methylotrophic yeast and purified by immobilized metal ion affinity chromatography (IMAC. By intraperitoneal (IP injection, both leptin-AI and leptin-AII were shown to inhibit the feeding behavior and to reduce the food consumption of goldfish in 2 h. In addition, co-treatment of leptin-AI or leptin-AII could block the feeding behavior and reduce the food consumption induced by neuropeptide Y (NPY injection. High levels of leptin receptor (lepR mRNA were detected in the hypothalamus, telencephalon, optic tectum and cerebellum of the goldfish brain. The appetite inhibitory effects of leptins were mediated by downregulating the mRNA levels of orexigenic NPY, agouti-related peptide (AgRP and orexin and upregulating the mRNA levels of anorexigenic cocaine-amphetamine-regulated transcript (CART, cholecystokinin (CCK, melanin-concentrating hormone (MCH and proopiomelanocortin (POMC in different areas of the goldfish brain. Our study, as a whole, provides new insights into the functions and mechanisms of leptins in appetite control in a fish model.

  15. Goldfish Leptin-AI and Leptin-AII: Function and Central Mechanism in Feeding Control.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Yan, Ai-Fen; Chen, Ting; Chen, Shuang; Ren, Chun-Hua; Hu, Chao-Qun; Cai, Yi-Ming; Liu, Fang; Tang, Dong-Sheng

    2016-05-30

    In mammals, leptin is a peripheral satiety factor that inhibits feeding by regulating a variety of appetite-related hormones in the brain. However, most of the previous studies examining leptin in fish feeding were performed with mammalian leptins, which share very low sequence homologies with fish leptins. To elucidate the function and mechanism of endogenous fish leptins in feeding regulation, recombinant goldfish leptin-AI and leptin-AII were expressed in methylotrophic yeast and purified by immobilized metal ion affinity chromatography (IMAC). By intraperitoneal (IP) injection, both leptin-AI and leptin-AII were shown to inhibit the feeding behavior and to reduce the food consumption of goldfish in 2 h. In addition, co-treatment of leptin-AI or leptin-AII could block the feeding behavior and reduce the food consumption induced by neuropeptide Y (NPY) injection. High levels of leptin receptor (lepR) mRNA were detected in the hypothalamus, telencephalon, optic tectum and cerebellum of the goldfish brain. The appetite inhibitory effects of leptins were mediated by downregulating the mRNA levels of orexigenic NPY, agouti-related peptide (AgRP) and orexin and upregulating the mRNA levels of anorexigenic cocaine-amphetamine-regulated transcript (CART), cholecystokinin (CCK), melanin-concentrating hormone (MCH) and proopiomelanocortin (POMC) in different areas of the goldfish brain. Our study, as a whole, provides new insights into the functions and mechanisms of leptins in appetite control in a fish model.

  16. Early weight regain after gastric bypass does not affect insulin sensitivity but is associated with higher ghrelin levels

    Science.gov (United States)

    Tamboli, Robyn A.; Breitman, Igal; Marks-Shulman, Pam A.; Jabbour, Kareem; Melvin, Willie; Williams, Brandon; Clements, Ronald H.; Feurer, Irene D.; Abumrad, Naji N.

    2014-01-01

    Objectives We sought to determine: 1) if early weight regain between one and two years after RYGB is associated with worsened hepatic and peripheral insulin sensitivity, and 2) if preoperative levels of ghrelin and leptin are associated with early weight regain after RYGB. Design and Methods Hepatic and peripheral insulin sensitivity and ghrelin and leptin plasma levels were assessed longitudinally in 45 subjects before RYGB and at one month, six months, one year, and two years post operatively. Weight regain was defined as ≥ 5% increase in body weight between one and two years after RYGB. Results Weight regain occurred in 33% of subjects, with an average increase in body weight of 10 ± 5 % (8.5 ± 3.3 kg). Weight regain was not associated with worsening of peripheral or hepatic insulin sensitivity. Subjects with weight regain after RYGB had higher preoperative and postoperative levels of ghrelin compared to those who maintained or lost weight during this time. Conversely, the trajectories of leptin levels corresponded with the trajectories of fat mass in both groups. Conclusions Early weight regain after RYGB is not associated with a reversal of improvements in insulin sensitivity. Higher preoperative ghrelin levels might identify patients that are more susceptible to weight regain after RYGB. PMID:24777992

  17. Leptin predicts a decline in moderate to vigorous physical activity in minority female children at risk for obesity.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Belcher, B R; Chou, C-P; Nguyen-Rodriguez, S T; Hsu, Y-W; Byrd-Williams, C E; McClain, A D; Weigensberg, M J; Spuijt-Metz, D

    2013-02-01

    What is already known about this subject Physical activity declines as children enter puberty. Leptin is cross-sectionally associated with physical activity, but there are conflicting findings on the magnitude and direction of this association. Leptin concentrations fluctuate during puberty, and may impact energy balance. What this study adds Leptin predicts the decline in physical activity during the start of puberty independent of central adiposity. Based on a median split of leptin, girls with low leptin levels have higher levels of physical activity than girls with high leptin levels at the start of puberty. Leptin levels at the start of puberty may provide a biological basis for the age-related physical activity decline in girls. Leptin may influence moderate to vigorous physical activity (MVPA) at the start of puberty. The direction and magnitude of this association are unclear. To determine the effect of baseline leptin on MVPA over 1 year in minority girls at high risk for obesity. Data came from TRANSITIONS, a longitudinal observational study on the age-related MVPA decline. Fifty peripubertal girls aged 8-11 years at baseline participated. Baseline leptin (ng mL(-1) ) was collected via a duplicated assay using a double antibody radio immune assay. MVPA (min d(-1) ) was measured using accelerometers for at least four 10-h days on a quarterly basis for up to 1 year. Continuous leptin was negatively related to MVPA (P = 0.001) independent of central adiposity at baseline and predicted the MVPA decline over 1 year (P = 0.002). For descriptive purposes, baseline leptin was dichotomized at the sample median into 'high leptin' and 'low leptin' categories to determine whether MVPA trajectories differed between these groups. Girls with 'low leptin' at baseline had significantly higher levels of MPVA at baseline, visit 1 and visit 2 compared to girls with 'high leptin'. High leptin levels predicted nearly a 12.6% decline in MVPA over 1 year. These findings provide

  18. Higher level string resonances in four dimensions

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Feng Wanzhe, E-mail: VicFengHunt@gmail.com [Department of Physics, Northeastern University, Boston, MA 02115 (United States); Taylor, Tomasz R. [Department of Physics, Northeastern University, Boston, MA 02115 (United States)

    2012-03-11

    We study higher level Regge resonances of open superstrings, focusing on the universal part of the Neveu-Schwarz sector common to all D-brane realizations of the standard model. For Regge states with masses far above the fundamental string scale, we discuss the spin-dependence of their decay rates into massless gauge bosons. Extending our previous work on lowest level string excitations, we study the second mass level at which spins range from 0 to 3. We construct the respective vertex operators and compute the amplitudes involving one massive particle and two or three gauge bosons. To illustrate the use of Britto-Cachazo-Feng-Witten (BCFW) recursion relations in superstring theory, we build the four-gluon amplitude from on-shell amplitudes involving string resonances and gauge bosons.

  19. Higher level string resonances in four dimensions

    Science.gov (United States)

    Feng, Wan-Zhe; Taylor, Tomasz R.

    2012-03-01

    We study higher level Regge resonances of open superstrings, focusing on the universal part of the Neveu-Schwarz sector common to all D-brane realizations of the standard model. For Regge states with masses far above the fundamental string scale, we discuss the spin-dependence of their decay rates into massless gauge bosons. Extending our previous work on lowest level string excitations, we study the second mass level at which spins range from 0 to 3. We construct the respective vertex operators and compute the amplitudes involving one massive particle and two or three gauge bosons. To illustrate the use of Britto-Cachazo-Feng-Witten (BCFW) recursion relations in superstring theory, we build the four-gluon amplitude from on-shell amplitudes involving string resonances and gauge bosons.

  20. Serum leptin concentration in patients with type 2 diabetes

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    Malecha-Jedraszek Arleta

    2015-12-01

    Full Text Available With the increasing importance of early type 2 diabetes (DM2 and obesity detection, it is useful to reevaluate leptin role in these conditions. Our study aimed at investigating circulating leptin concentrations in a group of patients with DM2, and at assessing in detail whether leptin concentrations correlate with selected biochemical, clinical parameters and markers of systemic inflammation in patients with DM2 and in healthy volunteers. In our work, we analysed samples and data drawn from 71 patients aged 61.4 ± 11.7 years, who have been diagnosed with type 2 diabetes, as well as from a healthy control group (HC consisting of 51 healthy subjects with a mean age of 57.8 ± 13.7 years. Therein, the concentration of leptin in the DM2 patients was significantly higher than in the HC (p < 0.01, with median value of 16.59 (IQR 8.58-33.39 ng/ml in the DM2, vs median value of 6.66 (IQR 4.52-21.40 ng/ml in the HC. In the analysis of variance, higher leptin concentrations were revealed in the DM2 group as compared to the HC, and this figure remained significant after adjusting for gender and age (p < 0.001. Moreover, it was independent of HOMA-IR (p = 0.003. However, the differences in leptin levels between the groups disappeared when additional adjustments for anthropometric parameters (BMI, waist circumference were applied (p = 0.088. Beyond the aforementioned, significant positive correlations were found in the DM 2 group between leptin level and CRP (r=0.256; p < 0.05 and IL-6 (r = 0.345; p < 0.01. Among the selected variables, only gender and BMI were included in the predictive model explaining the variability of leptin, and, in total, were responsible for 72.6% of the original variation of the studied adipocytokine. The results of this study have led to conclusion that leptin may participate in the complex pathogenesis of DM2 and be a predictor of the development of this disease. As higher concentrations of leptin coexist with obesity, and this

  1. 妊娠期糖尿病瘦素与脂联素水平及干预变化%Levels of leptin and adiponectin and changes of intervention in patients with gestational diabetes mellitus

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    龚小倩

    2013-01-01

    Objective To investigate the morbidity of gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM) and levels of leptin and adiponectin and changes of intervention in patients with GDM in Shaoguan.Methods Using stratified cluster random sampling method,analyzed the serum levels of leptin and adiponectin in 262 patients with GDM and 1508 healthy pregnant women in Shaoguan from January,2006 to December,2010.Changes of leptin,adiponectin,and glycosylated hemoglobin in 193 GDM patients accepting diet therapy and 59 ones treated with diet therapy and insulin were compared before and after the treatment.Results Serum level of leptin was markedly higher in GDM group than in healthy group (P< 0.05),while adiponectin level was significantly lower (P< 0.05).Glycosylated hemoglobin and leptin levels became lower,but adiponectin level higher,in 193 GDM patients taking diet therapy; glycosylated level got obviously lower,but levels of leptin and adiponectin higher,in 59 ones treated with diet therapy and insulin.Conclusions Serum leptin and adiponectin closely correlate with the incidence of GDM.Combination detection of these two indicators can predict the occurrence of GDM.Diet therapy in combination with insulin can improve the prognosis of GDM patients.%目的 探讨韶关市妊娠期糖尿病(GDM)的发病率、瘦素及脂联素水平及干预变化.方法 采取分层整群随机抽样方法对韶关地区2006年1月至2010年12月确诊GDM患者262例及1508例正常孕妇的血清瘦素、脂联素水平进行分析,并比较193例单纯饮食控制及59例应用饮食控制加胰岛素治疗的GDM患者治疗前后瘦素、脂联素及糖化血红蛋白变化情况.结果 GDM组患者的血清瘦素水平明显高于正常组(P<0.05),而脂联素水平却明显低于正常组(P<0.05).193例单纯饮食控制的GDM患者治疗后糖化血红蛋白降低,血清瘦素水平降低,血清脂联素水平升高.59例应用饮食控制加胰岛素治疗的GDM患者治疗后糖化血红蛋

  2. Effects of ghrelin, leptin and melatonin on the levels of reactive oxygen species, antioxidant enzyme activity and viability of the HCT 116 human colorectal carcinoma cell line.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bułdak, Rafał Jakub; Pilc-Gumuła, Katarzyna; Bułdak, Łukasz; Witkowska, Daria; Kukla, Michał; Polaniak, Renata; Zwirska-Korczala, Krystyna

    2015-08-01

    Obesity is associated with an increased risk of certain types of cancer, including colon cancer. Adipose tissue is an endocrine organ that produces biologically active substances, such as leptin and ghrelin. Recent research has suggested that adipose-derived hormones may be associated with mechanisms linked to tumorigenesis and cancer progression. Furthermore, previous studies have demonstrated that pineal gland-derived melatonin possesses important oncostatic and antioxidant properties. The present study aimed to determine the effects of the adipokines ghrelin and leptin, and the melatonin on intracellular levels of reactive oxygen species (ROS) and the activity of selected antioxidant enzymes, such as superoxide dismutase, catalase (CAT) and glutathione peroxidase. The effects of these compounds were also determined on the viability of HCT 116 human colorectal carcinoma cells in vitro. The pro-oxidant and growth inhibitory effects of melatonin resulted in an accumulation of ROS and decreased antioxidant capacity in melatonin-treated cells. Ghrelin administration alone caused a significant decrease in the levels of ROS, due to an increased activity of CAT in the HCT 116 cells. In addition, the present study observed increased lipid peroxidation following melatonin treatment, and decreased levels of malondialdehyde following ghrelin or leptin treatment. In conclusion, ghrelin, leptin and melatonin have various influences on the antioxidant capacity of HCT 116 cells. Compared with the adipokines, treatment with melatonin increased ROS levels and decreased cellular viability.

  3. Metabolic Risk Susceptibility in Men Is Partially Related to Adiponectin/Leptin Ratio

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    Gloria Lena Vega

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available Background. High adiponectin/leptin ratio may be protective from metabolic risks imparted by high triglyceride, low HDL, and insulin resistance. Methods. This cross-sectional study examines plasma adipokine levels in 428 adult men who were subgrouped according to low (<6.5 μg/mLand high (≥6.5 μg/mLadiponectin levels or a low or high ratio of adiponectin/leptin. Results. Men with high adiponectin/leptin ratio had lower plasma triglyceride and higher HDL cholesterol than those with low ratio. Similarly, those with high adiponectin/leptin ratio had lower TG/HDL cholesterol ratio and HOMA2-IR than those with low ratio. In contrast, levels of adiponectin or the ratio of adiponectin/leptin did not associate with systolic blood pressure. But the ratio of adiponectin/leptin decreased progressively with the increase in the number of risk factors for metabolic syndrome. Conclusion. Adipokine levels may reflect adipose tissue triglyceride storage capacity and insulin sensitivity. Leptin is an index of fat mass, and adiponectin is a biomarker of triglyceride metabolism and insulin sensitivity. Men with high adiponectin/leptin ratios have better triglyceride profile and insulin sensitivity than men with a low ratio regardless of waist girth.

  4. Does Q223R Polymorphism of Leptin Receptor Influence on Anthropometric Parameters and Bone Density in Childhood Cancer Survivors?

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    Malgorzata Sawicka-Żukowska

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available Childhood cancer survivors are in augmented risk for developing obesity. For many factors leptin and leptin receptor gene polymorphism play an important role in the development and metabolism not only of fat, but also, bone tissue. The aim of the analysis was to find the relationships between Q223R, leptin levels, and anthropometric parameters. Patients and Methods. In the study 74 cancer survivors participated (ALL n=64, lymphomas n=10, and the control group consisted of 51 healthy peers. Leptin blood concentration was determined by ELISA method. To estimate leptin receptor gene polymorphism, RFLP method was used. Bone mineral density (BMD and content (BMC, fat, and lean tissue measurements were obtained by DXA. Results. We found no correlations between serum leptin concentrations and anthropometric parameters nor BMD. Serum leptin concentrations were significantly lower in the group of cancer survivors compared to controls; however, in those overweight from examined group we found leptin levels higher than those in nonoverweight. Genotype Q223R was not associated with higher leptin levels, BMI, BMD, body fat or lean tissue. Conclusion. To our knowledge, this is the first report describing the relationship between BMD and Q223R polymorphism in childhood cancer survivors. Further analysis, based on a larger group of patients, is needed to confirm these findings.

  5. Serum Leptin Concentrations in Turkish Parkinson’s Disease Population

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    Betul Ozdilek

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available Objectives. To investigate leptin levels and their relationship to body composition and demographic and clinical characteristics of Turkish patients with Parkinson’s disease (PD. Patients and Methods. Forty eligible PD patients and 25 healthy controls were included in the study. Body composition measurements (height, weight, waist circumference (WC, and body mass index (BMI of the whole sample and clinical findings of PD patients were evaluated in the on-state. A single 5 mL fasting blood sample was obtained from each participant in the morning. Severity of PD was evaluated using the Hoehn and Yahr scale and the Unified Parkinson’s Disease Rating Scale. Results. The mean age of the patients and controls was 60.8±9.4 and 61.8±5.8 years, while the mean BMI was 30.17±5.10 and 28.03±3.23 and the mean leptin levels were 6.8±6.9 and 3.9±3.8 ng/mL, respectively. Only age and gender were correlated with leptin levels. There was a significant difference (P<0.001 in leptin levels between male (3.6±3.1 ng/mL and female (14.3±7.7 ng/mL PD patients. Among the male PD patients, older age and higher BMI and WC values were associated with higher mean leptin levels. There was not any significant relationship between leptin levels and clinical findings in PD patients. Conclusion. These results may suggest that leptin levels have no determinative role in the follow-up of PD patients with regard to the severity and clinical prognosis of PD.

  6. Serum leptin concentrations in Turkish Parkinson's disease population.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ozdilek, Betul; Kenangil, Gulay

    2014-01-01

    Objectives. To investigate leptin levels and their relationship to body composition and demographic and clinical characteristics of Turkish patients with Parkinson's disease (PD). Patients and Methods. Forty eligible PD patients and 25 healthy controls were included in the study. Body composition measurements (height, weight, waist circumference (WC), and body mass index (BMI)) of the whole sample and clinical findings of PD patients were evaluated in the on-state. A single 5 mL fasting blood sample was obtained from each participant in the morning. Severity of PD was evaluated using the Hoehn and Yahr scale and the Unified Parkinson's Disease Rating Scale. Results. The mean age of the patients and controls was 60.8 ± 9.4 and 61.8 ± 5.8 years, while the mean BMI was 30.17 ± 5.10 and 28.03 ± 3.23 and the mean leptin levels were 6.8 ± 6.9 and 3.9 ± 3.8 ng/mL, respectively. Only age and gender were correlated with leptin levels. There was a significant difference (P < 0.001) in leptin levels between male (3.6 ± 3.1 ng/mL) and female (14.3 ± 7.7 ng/mL) PD patients. Among the male PD patients, older age and higher BMI and WC values were associated with higher mean leptin levels. There was not any significant relationship between leptin levels and clinical findings in PD patients. Conclusion. These results may suggest that leptin levels have no determinative role in the follow-up of PD patients with regard to the severity and clinical prognosis of PD.

  7. Proinflammatory adipokine leptin mediates disinfection byproduct bromodichloromethane-induced early steatohepatitic injury in obesity

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Das, Suvarthi [Environmental Health and Disease Laboratory, Department of Environmental Health Sciences, Arnold School of Public Health, University of South Carolina, Columbia, SC 29208 (United States); Kumar, Ashutosh [Free Radical Metabolism Group, Laboratory of Toxicology and Pharmacology, Research Triangle Park, NC 27709 (United States); Seth, Ratanesh Kumar [Environmental Health and Disease Laboratory, Department of Environmental Health Sciences, Arnold School of Public Health, University of South Carolina, Columbia, SC 29208 (United States); Tokar, Erik J. [Inorganic Toxicology Group, National Toxicology Program Laboratory, National Institute of Environmental Health Sciences, Research Triangle Park, NC 27709 (United States); Kadiiska, Maria B. [Free Radical Metabolism Group, Laboratory of Toxicology and Pharmacology, Research Triangle Park, NC 27709 (United States); Waalkes, Michael P. [Inorganic Toxicology Group, National Toxicology Program Laboratory, National Institute of Environmental Health Sciences, Research Triangle Park, NC 27709 (United States); Mason, Ronald P. [Free Radical Metabolism Group, Laboratory of Toxicology and Pharmacology, Research Triangle Park, NC 27709 (United States); Chatterjee, Saurabh, E-mail: schatt@mailbox.sc.edu [Environmental Health and Disease Laboratory, Department of Environmental Health Sciences, Arnold School of Public Health, University of South Carolina, Columbia, SC 29208 (United States)

    2013-06-15

    Today's developed world faces a major public health challenge in the rise in the obese population and the increased incidence in fatty liver disease. There is a strong association among diet induced obesity, fatty liver disease and development of nonalcoholic steatohepatitis but the environmental link to disease progression remains unclear. Here we demonstrate that in obesity, early steatohepatitic lesions induced by the water disinfection byproduct bromodichloromethane are mediated by increased oxidative stress and leptin which act in synchrony to potentiate disease progression. Low acute exposure to bromodichloromethane (BDCM), in diet-induced obesity produced oxidative stress as shown by increased lipid peroxidation, protein free radical and nitrotyrosine formation and elevated leptin levels. Exposed obese mice showed histopathological signs of early steatohepatitic injury and necrosis. Spontaneous knockout mice for leptin or systemic leptin receptor knockout mice had significantly decreased oxidative stress and TNF-α levels. Co-incubation of leptin and BDCM caused Kupffer cell activation as shown by increased MCP-1 release and NADPH oxidase membrane assembly, a phenomenon that was decreased in Kupffer cells isolated from leptin receptor knockout mice. In obese mice that were BDCM-exposed, livers showed a significant increase in Kupffer cell activation marker CD68 and, increased necrosis as assessed by levels of isocitrate dehydrogenase, events that were decreased in the absence of leptin or its receptor. In conclusion, our results show that exposure to the disinfection byproduct BDCM in diet-induced obesity augments steatohepatitic injury by potentiating the effects of leptin on oxidative stress, Kupffer cell activation and cell death in the liver. - Highlights: ► BDCM acute exposure sensitizes liver to increased free radical stress in obesity. ► BDCM-induced higher leptin contributes to early steatohepatitic lesions. ► Increased leptin mediates

  8. Leptin, insulin like growth factor-1 and thyroid profile in a studied sample of Egyptian children with Down syndrome

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    Howida Hosny El Gebali

    2014-04-01

    Conclusion: Serum leptin levels were significantly higher in studied DS children compared to both studied sibs and healthy controls and they were also positively correlated with BMI in studied DS children and their sibs highlighting a possible role of body fat% and leptin values in the pathogenesis of obesity in DS children.

  9. Leptin upregulates beta3-integrin expression and interleukin-1beta, upregulates leptin and leptin receptor expression in human endometrial epithelial cell cultures.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gonzalez, R R; Leavis, P

    2001-10-01

    Human endometrium and endometrial epithelial cells (EECs) either cultured alone or cocultured with human embryos express leptin and leptin receptor. This study compares the effect of leptin with that of interleukin-1beta (IL-1beta) on the expression of beta3-EEC integrin, a marker of endometrial receptivity. Both cytokines increased the expression of beta3-EEC at concentrations in the range of 0.06-3 nM; however, leptin exhibited a significantly greater effect than IL-1beta. We also determined the regulatory effects of IL-1beta on leptin secretion and on the expression of leptin and leptin receptor at the protein level in both EEC and endometrial stromal cell (ESC) cultures. In EEC cultures, IL-1beta upregulated secretion of leptin and expression of both leptin and leptin receptors. No effect of IL-1beta was found in the ESC cultures. However, leptin exhibited marginal upregulation of leptin receptor. The upregulation of beta3-integrin and leptin/leptin receptor expression by IL-1beta in EEC cultures indicates that both cytokines may be implicated in embryonic-maternal cross-talk during the early phase of human implantation. Our present data also raise the possibility that leptin is an endometrial molecular effector of IL-1beta action on beta3-integrin upregulation. Thus, a new role for leptin in human reproduction as an autocrine/paracrine regulator of endometrial receptivity is proposed.

  10. [Effects of acupuncture combined with dietary adjustments and aerobic exercise on body weight, body mass index and serum leptin level in simple obesity patients].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Yang, Ji-jun; Xing, Hai-jiao; Wang, Shao-jin; Xiao, Hong-ling; Li, Mei; Li, Qing

    2010-12-01

    To observe the effect of acupuncture combined with dietary adjustments and aerobic exercise on the body weight, body mass index (BMI) and serum leptin content of patients with simple obesity, so as to evaluate the efficacy of the present therapy in the treatment of simple obesity. A total of 61 cases of out-patients were randomly divided into control (n=30) and treatment (n=31) groups. Patients in the control group were treated with dietary adjustments and aerobic exercise everyday (30 min/d), continuously for 51 days, and those of the treatment group were treated with acupuncture [Zhong-wan (CV 12), Tianshu (ST 25), Guanyuan (CV 4), etc.] plus dietary adjustment and aerobic exercise everyday, with 15 days being a course of treatment, 3 days' interval between every two courses, and 3 courses altogether. Serum leptin content was detected by using radioimmunoassay. Compared with pre-treatment, the body weight and BMI and serum leptin levels in the control and treatment groups were all decreased significantly (P exercise in the treatment of simple obesity. Acupuncture combined with dietary adjustments and aerobic exercise can reduce the body weight, BMI and serum leptin level, which is better than dietary adjustments plus aerobic exercise.

  11. Sympathetic-leptin relationship in obesity: effect of weight loss.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Quilliot, Didier; Böhme, Philip; Zannad, Faiez; Ziegler, Olivier

    2008-04-01

    Obese patients have high plasma leptin concentrations that do not induce the expected responses on weight regulation, suggesting a leptin resistance in obesity. Elevated leptin levels are also thought to be related to a high sympathetic nervous system (SNS) activity. This effect could be preserved, lowered, or even abolished in obesity. We planned to investigate the possible association in a longitudinal study. Ninety-five normotensive healthy women, aged 40.4 +/- 11.4 years and body mass index of 33.2 +/- 2.3 kg/m(2), were studied. Baseline leptin, fat mass, and heart rate variability were measured and included in a 6-month longitudinal study. Body composition was measured by dual-energy x-ray absorption. Time domain heart rate variability, QT dynamicity, and spectral components on ambulatory electrocardiographs were analyzed. Dietary advice was given by a dietitian to the patient (maximum caloric reduction of 30%), and subjects were randomized in 3 treatment groups: sibutramine 10 mg, sibutramine 20 mg, or placebo. At baseline, low frequencies (LF) and the LF-high frequencies (HF) ratio, mainly related to the SNS, were negatively correlated to leptin concentration (r = -0.30, P = .002 and r = -0.36, P < .001) and to the leptin-fat mass ratio (r = -0.28, P = .004 and r = - 0.33, P = .0007), thus explaining 38% of the LF variance and 33% of the LF/HF variance. Diastolic blood pressure was also negatively correlated to leptin concentrations (-0.20, P = .04) and to the leptin-fat mass ratio (-0.22, P = .022). In contrast, no consistent correlations between leptin and the time domain components related to vagal activity were observed. At 6 months, after completion of the weight loss program, LF significantly decreased (-7.7% +/- 7.9%, P < .001), whereas HF was higher than the initial value (+20% +/- 5.2%). The leptin-fat mass ratio remained negatively correlated to the LF (r = -0.34, P = .030) and to LF/HF (r = -0.35, P = .021) values, explaining 21% of the LF

  12. Leptin promoter gene polymorphism on -2549 position decreases plasma leptin and increases appetite in normal weight volunteers

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    Sandra Bragança Coelho

    2014-05-01

    Full Text Available Introduction: Investigate whether polymorphism in the promoter region encoding leptin and leptin receptor gene, in normal weight individuals, affects hormonal and appetite responses to peanuts.Materials and methods: Appetite, anthropometric indices, body composition, physical activity, dietary intake and leptin, ghrelin and insulin levels were monitored. Polymorphism analyses were also carried out.Results: None of the treatments led to statistical differences in the analyzed hormones. No polymorphism was found for leptin receptor gene, while for leptin gene, 50% of the volunteers presented one polymorphic allele and 13% presented both polymorphic alleles. These last ones presented lower body fat mass, leptin and ghrelin plasma concentrations, and fullness rates. They also presented higher hunger, desire to eat, and desire to eat sweet and salty foods.Conclusions: Peanut did not affect appetite and presented no different hormonal responses, compared to other foods studied. Polymorphic allele carriers in both alleles presented higher probability to develop obesity. However, the magnitude of this probability could not be measured.

  13. Discrete coherent states for higher Landau levels

    Science.gov (United States)

    Abreu, L. D.; Balazs, P.; de Gosson, M.; Mouayn, Z.

    2015-12-01

    We consider the quantum dynamics of a charged particle evolving under the action of a constant homogeneous magnetic field, with emphasis on the discrete subgroups of the Heisenberg group (in the Euclidean case) and of the SL(2 , R) group (in the Hyperbolic case). We investigate completeness properties of discrete coherent states associated with higher order Euclidean and hyperbolic Landau levels, partially extending classic results of Perelomov and of Bargmann, Butera, Girardello and Klauder. In the Euclidean case, our results follow from identifying the completeness problem with known results from the theory of Gabor frames. The results for the hyperbolic setting follow by using a combination of methods from coherent states, time-scale analysis and the theory of Fuchsian groups and their associated automorphic forms.

  14. Leptin as a Predictive Marker in Unexplained Infertility in North Indian Population.

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    Kumari, Pratibha; Jaiswar, S P; Shankhwar, Pushplata; Deo, Sujata; Ahmad, Kalim; Iqbal, Bushra; Mahdi, A A

    2017-03-01

    correlation (R=0.109, p=0.258) between BMI and serum leptin in the control group. The present study clearly demonstrates that level of leptin is higher in unexplained infertile than in the fertile group, and also shows that a strong relationship exists between BMI and serum leptin in the obese group. Serum leptin level was significantly higher in obese than non-obese subjects. Thus, leptin is an important factor for normal reproductive function. Obesity, the main cause of infertility may be controlled by regulating the leptin concentration.

  15. The influence of leptin on Th1/Th2 balance in obese children with asthma

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    Doaa Mohammed Youssef

    2013-09-01

    Full Text Available OBJECTIVE: In individuals with asthma, obesity induces the production of leptin and is associated with disease severity. Our objective was to evaluate the levels of serum leptin and their effect on Th1/Th2 balance in obese and non-obese children with asthma, as well as to investigate the association between serum leptin levels and clinical outcomes. METHODS: We evaluated 50 atopic children with physician-diagnosed moderate-to-severe persistent asthma and 20 controls. The children with asthma were divided into two groups, by body mass index percentile: obese (n = 25 and non-obese (n = 25. From all subjects, we collected peripheral blood samples in order to determine the levels of leptin, IFN-γ, and IL-4. Asthma severity was assessed by an asthma symptom score, and the results were correlated with the parameters studied. RESULTS: Serum leptin levels were significantly higher in the obese asthma group than in the non-obese asthma group, as well as being significantly higher in the children with asthma than in the controls, whereas IFN-γ levels were significantly higher and IL-4 levels were significantly lower in the obese asthma group than in the non-obese asthma group. In addition, the obese asthma group showed higher asthma symptom scores and significantly lower FEV1 (% of predicted than did the non-obese asthma group. There was a significant positive correlation between leptin and IFN-γ levels only in the obese asthma group. CONCLUSIONS: Although leptin is involved in the pathogenesis of asthma in obese and non-obese children, its effect is more pronounced in the former. In the presence of high leptin levels, only obese children with asthma exhibited Th1 polarization, with higher IFN-γ levels and greater asthma severity.

  16. Characterization of Leptin Intracellular Trafficking

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    E Walum

    2009-12-01

    Full Text Available Leptin is produced by adipose tissue, and its concentration in plasma is related to the amount of fat in the body. The leptin receptor (OBR is a member of the class I cytokine receptor family and several different isoforms, produced by alternative mRNA splicing are found in many tissues, including the hypothalamus. The two predominant isoforms includes a long form (OBRl with an intracellular domain of 303 amino acids and a shorter form (OBRs with an intracellular domain of 34 amino acids. Since OBRl is mainly expressed in the hypotalamus, it has been suggested to be the main signalling form. The peripheral production of leptin by adipocyte tissue and its effects as a signal of satiety in the central nervous system imply that leptin gains access to regions of the brain regulating in energy balance by crossing the blood-brain barrier. In an attempt to characterize the intracellular transport of leptin, we have followed binding internalization and degradation of leptin in HEK293 cells. We have also monitored the intracellular transport pathway of fluorescent conjugated leptin in HEK293 cells. Phenylarsine oxide, a general inhibitor of endocytosis, as well as incubation at mild hypertonic conditions, prevented the uptake of leptin, confirming a receptor-mediated internalization process. When internalized, 125I-leptin was rapidly accumulated inside the cells and reached a maximum after 10 min. After 70 minutes about 40-50% of total counts in each time point were found in the medium as TCA-soluble material. Leptin sorting, at the level of early endosomes, did not seem to involve recycling endosomes, since FITC-leptin was sorted from Cy3- transferrin containing compartments at 37°C. At 45 minutes of continuos internalization, FITC-leptin appeared mainly accumulated in late endocytic structures colocalizing with internalized rhodamine coupled epidermial growth factor (EGF and the lysosomal marker protein lamp-1. The transport of leptin was also shown

  17. Genetic Variation in the Leptin Receptor Gene, Leptin, and Weight Gain in Young Dutch Adults

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Rossum, van C.T.M.; Hoebee, B.; Baak, van M.A.; Mars, M.; Saris, W.H.M.; Seidell, J.C.

    2003-01-01

    Objective: To investigate the association between leptin levels, polymorphisms in the leptin receptor (LEPR) gene, and weight gain. Research Methods and Procedures: From two large prospective cohorts in The Netherlands (n = 17, 500), we compared the baseline leptin of 259 subjects who had gained an

  18. Genetic Variation in the Leptin Receptor Gene, Leptin, and Weight Gain in Young Dutch Adults

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Rossum, van C.T.M.; Hoebee, B.; Baak, van M.A.; Mars, M.; Saris, W.H.M.; Seidell, J.C.

    2003-01-01

    Objective: To investigate the association between leptin levels, polymorphisms in the leptin receptor (LEPR) gene, and weight gain. Research Methods and Procedures: From two large prospective cohorts in The Netherlands (n = 17, 500), we compared the baseline leptin of 259 subjects who had gained an

  19. 新生儿血清瘦素水平与喂养方式间的关系研究%Study on the relationship between neonatal serum leptin level and feeding patterns

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    韩小梅; 范雪爱; 额尔敦高娃; 李彦敏; 任常军

    2012-01-01

    Objective: To delect the contents o{ leptin in breast milk and formula, compare ihe effects of different feeding patterns on serum leptin level of full - term neonates. Methods: Modified rsdioimmunoassay was used to detect the levels of leptin in full - term neonatal serum, breast milk, and formula. Results: The levels of leptin in breast milk of 66 healthy and full - term neonates at 3, 7, and 28 days after birth were (1.31 ±0. 67) μg/L, (1. 33 ±0.14) μg/L, and (1. 26 ±0.98) ΜG/L, respectively; there was no significant difference in leptin level in breast milk among the neonates of different days after birth (F = 1.78, P >0. 05) There was no leptin in formula. The levels of serum leplin in breast feeding group at 3, 7, and 28 days after birth were (2.45 ± 1.04) μg/L, (3.38 ± 1.54) μg/L, and (4. 98 ±2. 16) μg/L, respectively; the levels of serum leptin in artificial feeding group at 3, 7, and 28 days after birth were (1. 23 ± 0.67) μg/L, (1.91 ±0. 31) μg/L, and (2. 63 ± 1. 19) μg/L, respectively, there was significant difference in serum leptin level between the two groups (t = 1. 113, t= 3. 176, t=2. 152, P<0. 05) . Conclusion: Breast milk contains a certain concentration of leptin, there is no significant difference in leplin level between colostrum and mature milk, leptin is not found in formula. The serum leplin level in breast feeding group is significantly higher than that in artificial feeding group, breast feeding is helpful to maintain high leptin level in serum during neonatal period.%目的:测定母乳及配方乳中瘦素含量,比较不同喂养方式对足月新生儿血清瘦素水平的影响.方法:采用放射免疫分析法测定足月新生儿血清、母乳及配方乳中的瘦素水平.结果:①66例健康足月儿生后第3、7、28天其母乳中的瘦素水平分别为(1.31±0.67) μg/L、(1.33±0.14)μg/L、(1.26±0.98) μg/L,产后不同日龄母乳中瘦素水平差异无统计学意义(F=1.78,P>0.05).

  20. Estradiol and Estrogen Receptor Agonists Oppose Oncogenic Actions of Leptin in HepG2 Cells.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Minqian Shen

    Full Text Available Obesity is a significant risk factor for certain cancers, including hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC. Leptin, a hormone secreted by white adipose tissue, precipitates HCC development. Epidemiology data show that men have a much higher incidence of HCC than women, suggesting that estrogens and its receptors may inhibit HCC development and progression. Whether estrogens antagonize oncogenic action of leptin is uncertain. To investigate potential inhibitory effects of estrogens on leptin-induced HCC development, HCC cell line HepG2 cells were treated with leptin in combination with 17 β-estradiol (E2, estrogen receptor-α (ER-α selective agonist PPT, ER-β selective agonist DPN, or G protein-coupled ER (GPER selective agonist G-1. Cell number, proliferation, and apoptosis were determined, and leptin- and estrogen-related intracellular signaling pathways were analyzed. HepG2 cells expressed a low level of ER-β mRNA, and leptin treatment increased ER-β expression. E2 suppressed leptin-induced HepG2 cell proliferation and promoted cell apoptosis in a dose-dependent manner. Additionally E2 reversed leptin-induced STAT3 and leptin-suppressed SOCS3, which was mainly achieved by activation of ER-β. E2 also enhanced ERK via activating ER-α and GPER and activated p38/MAPK via activating ER-β. To conclude, E2 and its receptors antagonize the oncogenic actions of leptin in HepG2 cells by inhibiting cell proliferation and stimulating cell apoptosis, which was associated with reversing leptin-induced changes in SOCS3/STAT3 and increasing p38/MAPK by activating ER-β, and increasing ERK by activating ER-α and GPER. Identifying roles of different estrogen receptors would provide comprehensive understanding of estrogenic mechanisms in HCC development and shed light on potential treatment for HCC patients.

  1. Leptin stimulates migration and invasion and maintains cancer stem-like properties in ovarian cancer cells: an explanation for poor outcomes in obese women.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kato, Sumie; Abarzua-Catalan, Lorena; Trigo, César; Delpiano, Ana; Sanhueza, Cristobal; García, Karen; Ibañez, Carolina; Hormazábal, Katherine; Diaz, Daniela; Brañes, Jorge; Castellón, Enrique; Bravo, Erasmo; Owen, Gareth; Cuello, Mauricio A

    2015-08-28

    The evidence linking obesity with ovarian cancer remains controversial. Leptin is expressed at higher levels in obese women and stimulates cell migration in other epithelial cancers. Here, we explored the clinical impact of overweight/obesity on patient prognosis and leptin's effects on the metastatic potential of ovarian cancer cells. We assessed clinical outcomes in 70 ovarian cancer patients (33 healthy weight and 37 overweight) that were validated with an external cohort from The Cancer Genome Atlas (TCGA) database. Progression-free and overall survival rates were significantly decreased in overweight patients. Similarly, a worse overall survival rate was found in TCGA patients expressing higher leptin/OB-Rb levels. We explored serum and ascites leptin levels and OB-Rb expression in our cohort. Serum and ascites leptin levels were higher in overweight patients experiencing worse survival. OB-Rb was more highly expressed in ascites and metastases than in primary tumors. Leptin exposure increased cancer cell migration/invasion through leptin-mediated activation of JAK/STAT3, PI3/AKT and RhoA/ROCK and promoted new lamellipodial, stress-fiber and focal adhesion formation. Leptin also contributed to the maintenance of stemness and the mesenchymal phenotype in ovarian cancer cells. Our findings demonstrate that leptin stimulated ovarian cancer cell migration and invasion, offering a potential explanation for the poor prognosis among obese women.

  2. The effect of neonatal maternal stress on plasma levels of adrenocorticotropic hormone, corticosterone, leptin, and ghrelin in adult male rats exposed to acute heterotypic stressor.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Holubová, A; Štofková, A; Jurčovičová, J; Šlamberová, R

    2016-12-22

    Activation of the hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal (HPA) axis is important for maintenance of homeostasis during stress. Recent studies have shown a connection between the HPA axis and adipose tissue. The present study investigated the effect of acute heterotypic stress on plasma levels of adrenocorticotropic hormone (ACTH), corticosterone (CORT), leptin, and ghrelin in adult male rats with respect to neonatal maternal social and physical stressors. Thirty rat mothers and sixty of their male progeny were used. Pups were divided into three groups: unstressed control (C), stressed by maternal social stressor (S), stressed by maternal social and physical stressors (SW). Levels of hormones were measured in adult male progeny following an acute swimming stress (10 min) or no stress. ELISA immunoassay was used to measured hormones. The ACTH and CORT levels were significantly increased in all groups of adult progeny after acute stress; however, CORT levels were significantly lower in both neonatally stressed groups compared to controls. After acute stress, plasma leptin levels were decreased in the C and SW groups but increased in the S group. The data suggest that long-term neonatal stressors lead to lower sensitivity of ACTH receptors in the adrenal cortex, which could be a sign of stress adaptation in adulthood. Acute stress in adult male rats changes plasma levels of leptin differently relative to social or physical neonatal stressors.

  3. Diet-Induced Obesity and the Mechanism of Leptin Resistance.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Engin, Atilla

    2017-01-01

    Leptin signaling blockade by chronic overstimulation of the leptin receptor or hypothalamic pro-inflammatory responses due to elevated levels of saturated fatty acid can induce leptin resistance by activating negative feedback pathways. Although, long form leptin receptor (Ob-Rb) initiates leptin signaling through more than seven different signal transduction pathways, excessive suppressor of cytokine signaling-3 (SOCS-3) activity is a potential mechanism for the leptin resistance that characterizes human obesity. Because the leptin-responsive metabolic pathways broadly integrate with other neurons to control energy balance, the methods used to counteract the leptin resistance has extremely limited effect. In this chapter, besides the impairment of central and peripheral leptin signaling pathways, limited access of leptin to central nervous system (CNS) through blood-brain barrier, mismatch between high leptin and the amount of leptin receptor expression, contradictory effects of cellular and circulating molecules on leptin signaling, the connection between leptin signaling and endoplasmic reticulum (ER) stress and self-regulation of leptin signaling has been discussed in terms of leptin resistance.

  4. The influence of Alpinia calcarata extract on the serum lipid and leptin levels of rats with hyperlipidemia induced by high-fat diet

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Sayyed Nadeem; Chanchal Raj; Navin Raj

    2012-01-01

    Objective: To study the effect of ethanolic extract from Alpinia calcarata rhizomes on the serum lipid and leptin levels of rats with hyperlipidemia induced by high-fat diet. Methods: Male wistar rats were divided into six groups: normal, high-fat diet control (HFD) and ethanolic extract of Alpinia calcarata rhizomes (ACRE) (100, 200 and 300 mg/kg; p.o.) was administered to the high fat-diet-induced hyperlipidemic rats for 30 days to evaluate its antihyperlipidemic activity. Atorvastatin (10 mg/kg; p.o.) was used as a standard drug. Results: The results demonstrated that in HFD-induced hyperlipidemic rat, ACRE reduced rat weight gain, triglyceride (TG), total cholesterol levels (TC), low-density lipoprotein (LDL), very low-density lipoprotein (VLDL), total protein (TP) and leptin level (pg/mL). Conclusions: These encouraging findings suggest that ACRE has excellent pharmacological potential to prevent hyperlipidemia.

  5. Leptin as an important link between obesity and cardiovascular risk factors in men with acute myocardial infarction.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ekmen, Nergis; Helvaci, Aysen; Gunaldi, Meral; Sasani, Hadi; Yildirmak, Sembol Turkmen

    2016-01-01

    The levels of leptin, a major regulator of lipid metabolism, may increase in obesity, and contribute to the development of metabolic syndrome. Leptin is produced by adipose tissue and is a peptide hormone, which has strong association with obesity, elevated cardiovascular risk, and morbidity. The present study was designed to evaluate the relationships between leptin levels, obesity, and cardiovascular risk factors in men with acute myocardial infarction. Twenty-four obese and twenty-three nonobese male patients, who had experienced their first myocardial infarction, were included in the study. Their leptin levels, biochemical parameters, and anthropometric measures were obtained. Mean leptin levels were significantly higher in the obese group compared to the nonobese group (2.53ng/mL versus 1.23ng/mL; pobesity and diastolic blood pressure in male patients with myocardial infarction. Copyright © 2015 Cardiological Society of India. Published by Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.

  6. Bisphenol A is related to circulating levels of adiponectin, leptin and ghrelin, but not to fat mass or fat distribution in humans.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rönn, Monika; Lind, Lars; Örberg, Jan; Kullberg, Joel; Söderberg, Stefan; Larsson, Anders; Johansson, Lars; Ahlström, Håkan; Lind, P Monica

    2014-10-01

    Since bisphenol A (BPA) has been shown to induce obesity in experimental studies, we explored the associations between BPA and fat mass, fat distribution and circulating levels of adiponectin, leptin and ghrelin in humans. In the Prospective Investigation of the Vasculature in Uppsala Seniors (PIVUS), fat mass and fat distribution were determined in 70-year-old men and women (n=890) by dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry (DXA) and magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) (n=287). Serum levels of BPA were analyzed using isotope liquid chromatography/tandem mass spectrometer (API4000LC-MS/MS). Hormone levels were analyzed with radioimmunoassays (RIA) or enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA). Imaging was performed approximately two years following collection of other data. Serum concentrations of BPA were not related to adipose tissue measurements by DXA or MRI. BPA associated positively with adiponectin and leptin, but negatively with ghrelin, following adjustments for sex, height, fat mass, lean mass, smoking, alcohol consumption, physical activity, energy intake, and educational levels (p<0.001, p=0.009, p<0.001, respectively). The relationship between BPA and ghrelin was stronger in women than in men. Although no relationships between BPA levels and measures of fat mass were seen, BPA associated strongly with the adipokines adiponectin and leptin and with the gut-hormone ghrelin suggesting that BPA may interfere with hormonal control of hunger and satiety. Copyright © 2014. Published by Elsevier Ltd.

  7. Leptin resistance contributes to obesity and hypertension in mouse models of Bardet-Biedl syndrome.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rahmouni, Kamal; Fath, Melissa A; Seo, Seongjin; Thedens, Daniel R; Berry, Christopher J; Weiss, Robert; Nishimura, Darryl Y; Sheffield, Val C

    2008-04-01

    Bardet-Biedl syndrome (BBS) is a heterogeneous genetic disorder characterized by many features, including obesity and cardiovascular disease. We previously developed knockout mouse models of 3 BBS genes: BBS2, BBS4, and BBS6. To dissect the mechanisms involved in the metabolic disorders associated with BBS, we assessed the development of obesity in these mouse models and found that BBS-null mice were hyperphagic, had low locomotor activity, and had elevated circulating levels of the hormone leptin. The effect of exogenous leptin on body weight and food intake was attenuated in BBS mice, which suggests that leptin resistance may contribute to hyperleptinemia. In other mouse models of obesity, leptin resistance may be selective rather than systemic; although mice became resistant to leptin's anorectic effects, the ability to increase renal sympathetic nerve activity (SNA) was preserved. Although all 3 of the BBS mouse models were similarly resistant to leptin, the sensitivity of renal SNA to leptin was maintained in Bbs4 -/- and Bbs6 -/- mice, but not in Bbs2 -/- mice. Consequently, Bbs4 -/- and Bbs6 -/- mice had higher baseline renal SNA and arterial pressure and a greater reduction in arterial pressure in response to ganglionic blockade. Furthermore, we found that BBS mice had a decreased hypothalamic expression of proopiomelanocortin, which suggests that BBS genes play an important role in maintaining leptin sensitivity in proopiomelanocortin neurons.

  8. Role of Leptin on Physiopathologic Actions

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Aşkın Hekimoğlu

    2006-01-01

    Full Text Available Leptin is an adipocyte-derived hormone that acts as a major regulator for food intake and energy homeostasis. Because of the similarities to cytokines, also identified as cytokine. Leptin deficiency or resistance can result in profound obesity, diabetes, and infertility in humans. Our understanding of leptin's biological functions has expanded from anti-obesity to broad effects on reproduction, hematopoiesis, angiogenesis, blood pressure, growth, bone mass, lymphoid organ homeostasis, and T lymphocyte systems. Some studies show that leptin acts on growth. Growth hormone therapy reduce the level of leptin by decreasing body weight. Leptin orchestrates complex biological effects through its receptors, expressed both centrally and peripherally. Leptin receptor belongs to the class I cytokine receptor superfamily. The leptin receptor is expressed in the central nervous system, as well as in a wide spectrum of peripheral tissues, including the hematopoietic and immune systems. At least five isoforms of leptin receptor exist. Beside central effects the presence of leptin receptors in tissues throughout the body suggests that leptin can also have direct effects on cells and tissues.

  9. Structure, production and signaling of leptin

    Science.gov (United States)

    Münzberg, Heike; Morrison, Christopher D.

    2014-01-01

    The cloning of leptin in 1994 was an important milestone in obesity research. In those days obesity was stigmatized as a condition caused by lack of character and self-control. Mutations in either leptin or its receptor were the first single gene mutations found to cause morbid obesity, and it is now appreciated that obesity is caused by a dysregulation of central neuronal circuits. From the first discovery of the leptin deficient obese mouse (ob/ob), to the cloning of leptin (ob aka lep) and leptin receptor (db aka lepr) genes, much has been learned about leptin and its action in the central nervous system. The initial high hopes that leptin would cure obesity were quickly dampened by the discovery that most obese humans have increased leptin levels and develop leptin resistance. Nevertheless, leptin target sites in the brain represent an excellent blueprint for distinct neuronal circuits that control energy homeostasis. A better understanding of the regulation and interconnection of these circuits will further guide and improve the development of safe and effective interventions to treat obesity. This review will highlight our current knowledge about the hormone leptin, its signaling pathways and its central actions to mediate distinct physiological functions. PMID:25305050

  10. Polymorphism of the leptin gene promoter in pedigrees of type 2 diabetes mellitus in Chongqing, China

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    任伟; 张素华; 吴静; 倪银星

    2004-01-01

    Background It has been shown that the presence of leptin is associated with deabefes, glucose wefabolism and insulin metablism. In this research, we evaluated the presence of the leptin C-2549→A polymorphism in the Chinese population in Chongqing and verified its association with plasma leptin levels and anthropometric, metabolic, and clinical parameters.Methods Two hundred and sixty-nine patients with diabetes, 135 non-diabetic first-degree relatives of the patients, and 85 healthy controls were screened for the presence of C-2549→A polymorphism using a PCR-RFLP assay. Body mass index, fasting leptin, fasting insulin, fasting glucose and homeostatic model assessment for insulin resistance (HOMA)-IR were also determined.Results In the type 2 diabetes group, AA genotype frequency (6. 32%) and A allele frequency (34. 94%) was higher than in normal controls (1.18% and 25.29%, respectively). Diabetic patients with the AA genotype had lower fasting leptin and insulin levels than those with other genotypes.Carriers with the AC genotype had decreased fasting leptin and insulin levels and longer duration of disease as compared with those with CC genotype. The HOMA-IR of patients with AA or AC genotypes was lower than those with the CC genotype. In non-diabetic relatives group, individuals with the AA genotype had a lower fasting leptin level than those with the AC genotype. The fasting insulin and HOMA-IR level of carriers of the AA or AC genotype were lower than those of the CC genotype.Conclusion The C-2549→A polymorphism in the leptin gene is associated with fasting leptin in patients with type 2 diabetes. The distribution of the genotypes in diabetic subjects from diabetic pedigrees differs from those in normal controls. The A allele frequency in diabetic patients is higher than that in normal controls. The haplotypes defined by genotypes are different in the familial subjects.

  11. Leptin and the Immune Response: An Active Player or an Innocent Bystander

    National Research Council Canada - National Science Library

    Goldberg, Anna Carla; Goldberg-Eliaschewitz, Freddy; Sogayar, Mari Cleide; Genre, Julieta; Rizzo, Luiz Vicente

    2009-01-01

    Leptin is involved in the control of energy storage by the body. Low serum leptin levels, as seen in starvation, are associated with impaired inflammatory T cell responses that can be reversed by exogenous leptin...

  12. TNF-alpha, leptin, and lymphocyte function in human aging

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Bruunsgaard, H.; Pedersen, Agnes Nadelmann; Schroll, M.

    2000-01-01

    associated with leptin, circulating interleukin-2 receptors (sIL-2R), and phytohaemagglutinin (PHA) induced IL-2 production in whole blood in elderly humans. Circulating levels of TNF-alpha and sIL-2R were higher in elderly humans (N=42) compared to a young control group (N=37) whereas...... regression analysis adjusting for the effect of gender and body mass index. Furthermore, TNF-alpha, but not leptin, was positively correlated to sIL-2R and negatively correlated to IL-2 production. In conclusion, increased plasma levels of TNF-alpha in aging is associated with poor IL-2 production ex vivo...

  13. Leptin-induced Epithelial-Mesenchymal Transition in Breast Cancer Cells Requires β-Catenin Activation via Akt/GSK3- and MTA1/Wnt1 Protein-dependent Pathways*

    Science.gov (United States)

    Yan, Dan; Avtanski, Dimiter; Saxena, Neeraj K.; Sharma, Dipali

    2012-01-01

    Perturbations in the adipocytokine profile, especially higher levels of leptin, are a major cause of breast tumor progression and metastasis; the underlying mechanisms, however, are not well understood. In particular, it remains elusive whether leptin is involved in epithelial-mesenchymal transition (EMT). Here, we provide molecular evidence that leptin induces breast cancer cells to undergo a transition from epithelial to spindle-like mesenchymal morphology. Investigating the downstream mediator(s) that may direct leptin-induced EMT, we found functional interactions between leptin, metastasis-associated protein 1 (MTA1), and Wnt1 signaling components. Leptin increases accumulation and nuclear translocation of β-catenin leading to increased promoter recruitment. Silencing of β-catenin or treatment with the small molecule inhibitor, ICG-001, inhibits leptin-induced EMT, invasion, and tumorsphere formation. Mechanistically, leptin stimulates phosphorylation of glycogen synthase kinase 3β (GSK3β) via Akt activation resulting in a substantial decrease in the formation of the GSK3β-LKB1-Axin complex that leads to increased accumulation of β-catenin. Leptin treatment also increases Wnt1 expression that contributes to GSK3β phosphorylation. Inhibition of Wnt1 abrogates leptin-stimulated GSK3β phosphorylation. We also discovered that leptin increases the expression of an important modifier of Wnt1 signaling, MTA1, which is integral to leptin-mediated regulation of the Wnt/β-catenin pathway as silencing of MTA1 inhibits leptin-induced Wnt1 expression, GSK3β phosphorylation, and β-catenin activation. Furthermore, analysis of leptin-treated breast tumors shows increased expression of Wnt1, pGSK3β, and vimentin along with higher nuclear accumulation of β-catenin and reduced E-cadherin expression providing in vivo evidence for a previously unrecognized cross-talk between leptin and MTA1/Wnt signaling in epithelial-mesenchymal transition of breast cancer cells. PMID

  14. Low-dose leptin infusion in the fourth ventricle of rats enhances the response to third-ventricle leptin injection.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Harris, Ruth B S

    2017-08-01

    We previously reported that low-dose leptin infusions into the third or fourth ventricle that do not affect energy balance when given independently cause rapid weight loss when given simultaneously. Therefore, we tested whether hindbrain leptin enhances the response to forebrain leptin or whether forebrain leptin enhances the response to hindbrain leptin. Rats received fourth-ventricle infusions of saline or 0.01, 0.1, 0.3, or 0.6 μg leptin/day for 13 days. On days 9 and 13, 0.1 μg leptin was injected into the third ventricle. The injection inhibited food intake for 36 h in saline-infused rats but for 60 h in those infused with 0.6 μg leptin/day. Leptin injection increased intrascapular brown fat temperature in leptin-infused, but not saline-infused, rats. In a separate experiment, rats received third-ventricle infusions of saline or 0.005, 0.01, 0.05, or 0.1 μg leptin/day and fourth-ventricle injections of 1.0 μg leptin on days 9 and 13 Leptin injection inhibited food intake, respiratory exchange ratio, and 14-h food intake in rats infused with saline or the two lowest doses of leptin. There was no effect with higher-dose leptin infusions because food intake, body fat, and lean mass were already inhibited. These data suggest that activation of leptin receptors in the hindbrain enhances the response to third-ventricle leptin, whereas activation of forebrain leptin receptors does not enhance the response to fourth-ventricle leptin, consistent with our previous finding that weight loss in rats treated with fourth-ventricle leptin is associated with indirect activation of hypothalamic STAT3. Copyright © 2017 the American Physiological Society.

  15. Low serum leptin concentration in vegetarian prepubertal children.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ambroszkiewicz, J; Laskowska-Klita, T; Klemarczyk, W

    2004-01-01

    Vegetarian diet may play a positive role in reducing risk of several chronic diseases such as diabetes, coronary heart disease and some types of cancer. There are different vegetarian dietary patterns, some of which are nutritionally adequate for children, whereas other may lack some essential nutrients. Leptin, a hormone from adipose tissue plays a key role in the control of body fat stores and energy expenditure. Higher leptin levels were observed in obese subjects and lower in anorectic patients. Recent studies support that diet may be a factor which influences leptin levels. The aim of this study was to investigate serum concentrations of leptin, lipids and apolipoproteins in prepubertal children with two different nutritional habits: vegetarian and omnivorous diet. We examined 22 vegetarians and 13 omnivores in age 2-10 years. Serum leptin concentration was determined by immunoenzyme assay (ELISA) and serum lipids were measured by enzymatic and immunoturbidimetric methods. Average daily dietary energy intake and the percentage of energy from protein, fat and carbohydrates were similar for both groups of children. We observed that in vegetarian diet there is a high rate of fiber nearly twice as high as in omnivorous diet. Vegetarians had lower total cholesterol and HDL- and LDL-cholesterol concentrations than children on traditional mixed diet. There is no significant differences in triglyceride concentration between studied groups. The apolipoproteins levels in vegetarian children were significantly below that of omnivores. The serum concentration of leptin was lower in vegetarians (3.0 +/- 1.1 ng/mL) than in nonvegetarians (5.1 +/- 2.0 ng/mL) (p vegetarian diet may be accompanied by lower serum leptin concentration. Further studies on large group of children are needed for understanding this problem better.

  16. 生长激素释放肽和瘦素与进展期胃癌低蛋白血症的关系%Relationship between the levels of ghrelin and leptin and the hypoalbuminemia of advanced gastric carcinoma

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王海鹏; 朱袭嘉; 王丽兰; 田小林; 何永玲; 庞凌坤; 戴凌; 陈霄

    2016-01-01

    Objective To discuss the relationship between the level of ghrelin and leptin of patients with gastric carcinoma and the hypoalbu-minemia of advanced gastric carcinoma , and its significance of clinical pathology as well.Methods Radioimmunoassay ( RIA ) and enzyme linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) were used to determine the changes of the ghrelin and leptin level in 20 cases of normal healthy people and 120 patients with gastric cancer ( including 37 cases of hypoalbuminemia ( albumin<35 g· L-1 ) and 88 cases of normal protein people ( albumin≥35 g· L-1 ) , their expressions and the relevance of clinical pathology parameters were also detected.Results The ghrelin and leptin levels of patients with gastric carcinoma were significantly higher than those of nor-mal group (P<0.01), and the ghrelin and leptin levels of patients with the hypoalbuminemia were obviously higher than those of health subjects with normal protein.In addition, in patients with high content of ghrelin and leptin , the rate of patients with poorly differentiated carcinoma and lymph node metastasis was obviously increased.Conclusion The detec-tion of the changes of ghrelin and leptin levels will be of great significance in the diagnosis and prognosis of gastric carcinoma , which provides theoretical basis for the diagnosis and treatment of cancerous hypoalbuminemia .%目的:观察胃癌患者血清生长激素释放肽(ghrelin)和瘦素(leptin)水平与进展期胃癌低蛋白血症的关系及临床病理学意义。方法用放射免疫分析法(RIA)和酶联免疫吸附法(ELISA)测定20例健康受试者(正常组)和低蛋白血症者37例(试验组,白蛋白<35 g· L-1)和蛋白正常者88例(对照组,白蛋白≥35 g· L-1)的血清生长激素释放肽和瘦素水平的变化,并检测其与临床病理学参数的关联性。结果试验组和对照组血清生长激素释放肽和瘦素水平均显著高于正常组( P<0.01);试验

  17. Effect of leptin on bone metabolism in rat model of traumatic brain injury and femoral fracture

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    WANG Lei; YUAN Ji-shan; ZHANG Hong-xi; DING Hua; TANG Xing-guo; WEI Yong-zhong

    2011-01-01

    Objective: To observe serum and callus leptin expression within the setting of fracture and traumatic brain injury (TBI).Methods: Atotal of 64 male SD rats were randomized equally into 4 groups: nonoperated group, TBI group, fraeture group, and fracture+TBI group. Rats were sacrificed at 2, 4, 8 and 12 weeks after fracture+TBI. Serum leptin was detected using radioimmunoassay, and callus formation was measured radiologically. Callus leptin was analyzed by immunohistochemistry.Results: Serum ieptin levels in the fracture group, TBI group and combined fracture+TBI group were all significantly increased compared with control group at the 2 week time-point (P<0.05). Serum leptin in the combined fracture +TBI group was significantly higher than that in the fracture and TBI groups at 4 and 8 weeks after injury (P<0. 05).The percentage of leptin-positive cells in the fracture+TBI callus and callus volume were significantly higher than those in the fracture-only group (P<0.01).Conclusions: We demonstrated elevated leptin expression within healing bone especially in the first 8 weeks in a rat model of fracture and TBI. A close association exists between leptin levels and the degree of callus formation in fractures.

  18. Subcutaneous adipose tissue topography (SAT-Top) by means of the optical device lipometer highly correlated to plasma leptin levels in obese boys

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sudi, Karl; Moeller, Reinhard; Tafeit, Erwin; Reiterer, Elke; Borkenstein, Martin; Vrecko, Karoline; Horejsi, Renate; Reibnegger, Gilbert; Hofmann, Peter

    1998-05-01

    The product of the ob-gene named leptin is correlated with body fat mass in humans. Little evidence exists if the same holds true for body fat distribution. In this study we therefore investigated plasma leptin levels and the subcutaneous adipose tissue topography (SAT-Top) by means of the newly developed optical device Lipometer before and after a 3 week weight reduction camp. Thirty four obese boys (mean age 12a) took part in this study. Body fat distribution were assessed by means of Lipometer to measure the thickness of a subcutaneous fat layer at 15 standardized body sites (SAT- Top). Plasma leptin levels (LL) were measured by radioimmunoassay. All measurements were taken at the beginning and at the end of the camp. By dividing all boys according chronological age (group A: age less than 12a, n equals 17/group B: greater than 12a, n equals 17) we found correlations with the combination of measured body sites (MBS) before (A: MBS vs. LL, R2 equals 0.79; p less than 0.01/B: MBS vs. LL, R2 equals 0.35; n.s.) and after (A: MBS vs. LL, R2 equals 0.83; p less than 0.01/B: MBS vs. LL, R2 equals 0.70; p less than 0.01) the intervention. Our study confirms that the subcutaneous adipose tissue topography (SAT- Top) by means of the optical device Lipometer serves as a marker of plasma leptin levels in obese boys and highlights the use of this optical device in a predictive manner.

  19. Prevalence of the metabolic syndrome, insulin resistance index, leptin and thyroid hormone levels in the general population of Merida (Venezuela).

    Science.gov (United States)

    Uzcátegui, Euderruh; Valery, Lenin; Uzcátegui, Lilia; Gómez Pérez, Roald; Marquina, David; Baptista, Trino

    2015-06-01

    The metabolic syndrome (MetSyn) is a significant risk factor for cardiovascular events, but scarce information exists about its frequency in Venezuela. In this cross-sectional study, we quantified the prevalence of the MetSyn in a probabilistic, stratified sample of 274 subjects aged > or =18 years from the Libertador district in Merida, Venezuela. Secondary outcomes were the measurement of thyroid hormones (free T4 and TSH), leptin levels, and insulin resistance index (HOMA2-IR). The frequency of MetSyn (percentage +/- 95% confidence interval) according to several diagnostic criteria was as follows: National Cholesterol Education Panel (NCEP, original): 27.4% (22.1-32.7); modified NCEP: 31.8% (26.3-37.3); International Diabetes Federation: 40.9% (35.1-46.7); Latin American Diabetes Association: 27% (21.7-32.3), and Venezuelan criteria: 31.8% (26.3-37.3). The MetSyn was more frequent in males than in females with most diagnostic criteria. The estimated prevalence of type 2 diabetes mellitus was 2.9% either according to the patients' self reports or to fasting glucose level found to be above 126 mg/dL. Abnormal HOMA2-IR index, free T4 and TSH (above the 95th percentile) were detected in 4.5%, 4.4% and 5.1% of the sample, respectively. Free T4 and TSH levels below the 5th percentile were detected in 4.4% and 4.7% of subjects respectively. These values are presented for comparisons with forthcoming studies in specific clinical populations. While studies are being conducted about the different definitions of the MetSyn in Venezuela, we recommend analyzing and publishing local research data with all the available criteria so as to allow comparisons with the results already reported in the literature.

  20. 缺氧缺血性脑病新生儿食欲素、瘦素水平及意义%Serum levels of oexin and leptin and their significance in neonates with hypoxic-ischemic encephalopathy

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    刘桂玲; 赵丽娜; 任常军; 王娜

    2012-01-01

    目的 探讨缺氧缺血性脑病(HIE)对新生儿血清食欲素水平的影响,及食欲素与瘦索之间的相关性.方法HIE新生儿61例,轻度HIE 30例、中度HIE 20例、重度HIE 11例,正常对照新生儿31例,采用放射免疫分析法(RIA)测定新生儿生后24、72 h的血清食欲素、瘦素水平,并分析食欲素与瘦素之间的相关性.结果轻、中、重度HIE新生儿以及正常对照新生儿,生后24、72 h的血清食欲素水平差异有统计学意义(F=3.746、3.262,P均<0.05),轻、中、重度HIE新生儿生后24、72 h的食欲素水平均高于正常对照组,且随HIE程度加重逐渐升高.轻、中、重度HIE新生儿以及正常对照新生儿,生后24,72 h的血清瘦索水平的差异均有统计学意义(F=3.534,2.821,P均<0.05),轻、中、重度HIE新生儿生后24、72 h的瘦素水平均低于正常对照组,且随HIE程度加重逐渐性降低.HIE新生儿的血清食欲素水平与瘦素水平于24、72 h均呈负相关(r=-0.293、-0.301,P均<0.05).结论HIE新生儿食欲素、瘦素水平与HIE的临床进展相关.%Objective To investigate the effect of hypoxic-ischemic encephalopathy (HIE) on orexin level, and the correlation between serum orexin level and leptin level. Methods A total of 61 neonates with HIE were divided into three groups, mild HIE group (n=3Q), moderate HIE group (n=20), serious HIE group (n=11) and 31 healthy neonates were assigned in control group. The serum concentrations of orexin and leptin were measured by radioimnmnoassay (RIA), and the relationship between the orexin and leptin levels was analyzed. Results Orexin concentrations at 24 hours and 72 hours after birth in neonates with HIE were higher compared with normal control group, and the orexin level increased gradually with the grades of HIE. The difference was statistically significant among groups (F=3.746, 3.262, P<0.05). Leptin concentrations at 24 hours and 72 hours a tier birth in neonates with HIE were lower compared

  1. 甲状腺功能紊乱女性患者治疗前后血清leptin和ghrelin水平的变化%Changes of serum leptin and ghrelin levels in dysthyroid women before and after treatment

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    崔兆辉; 宋瑞娟; 胡长军; 陆卫平

    2011-01-01

    目的 探讨女性甲状腺功能紊乱患者治疗前、后血清leptin 和ghrelin水平的变化.方法 选择治疗前、后体脂稳定的21例初诊甲状腺功能亢进(甲亢)和17例甲状腺功能减退(甲减)女性患者,放射免疫分析法测定治疗前、后空腹血清leptin、ghrelin及甲状腺功能,计算体质量指数(BMI)和体脂百分数(%Fat),对照20例.结果 1.甲亢组治疗前空腹血清ghrelin水平(989.0±170.0)ng/L,明显低于对照组(1 205.0±338.0)ng/L(P0.05).2.甲减组治疗前空腹血清ghrelin水平(1 537.0±251.0)ng/L明显高于正常对照组(1 205.0±338.0) ng/L (P<0.01),治疗后空腹血清ghrelin水平(1 253.0±370.0)ng/L明显低于治疗前(P<0.05),与对照组比较差异无统计学意义(P>0.05).3.甲亢组和甲减组空腹leptin 水平,治疗前、后与对照组比较差异无统计学意义.结论 去除体脂因素后,提示BMI、%Fat并不是影响甲亢和甲减组治疗前空腹ghrelin及leptin水平变化的重要因素,且ghrelin可能参与了甲亢和甲减的发生、发展.%Objective To investigate the changes of serum leptin and ghrelin levels in dysthyroid women before and after treatment. Methods Leptin and ghrelin levels were determined by RIA in 21 cases of hyperthyroid and 17 cases of hypothyroid women with stable body mass index before and after the treatment,then the body mass index(BMI) ,and percentage of body fat(%Fat) were calculated,20 comparable healthy adult served as control subjects. Results (1)In hyperthyroidism group,before treatment,serum ghrelin levels were lower(989.0±170.0)ng/L (P<0.05)than those of the control subjects;after treatment, serum ghrelin levels increased(1236.0±179.0)ng/L (P<0.01) compared with those of the before treatmentand were similar to those in its control subjects(P>0.05). (2) Serum ghrelin levels(1537.0±251.0)ng/L in patients with hypothyroidism were higher than those of the control group(1205.0±338.0)ng/L(P>0.01)before treatment

  2. Leptin Dysregulation Is Specifically Associated With Major Depression With Atypical Features: Evidence for a Mechanism Connecting Obesity and Depression.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Milaneschi, Yuri; Lamers, Femke; Bot, Mariska; Drent, Madeleine L; Penninx, Brenda W J H

    2017-05-01

    Obesity-related dysregulation of leptin signaling (e.g., hyperleptinemia due to central functional resistance) may affect mood. However, evidence for leptin dysregulation in major depressive disorder (MDD) is conflicting. Inconclusive findings may be attributable to heterogeneity of MDD, aggregating biologically different subtypes. We examined the relationship of leptin with MDD, its common subtypes (typical and atypical), and clinical features. The sample consisted of participants (aged 18 to 65 years) from the Netherlands Study of Depression and Anxiety with current (n = 1062) or remitted (n = 711) MDD and healthy control subjects (n = 497). Diagnoses of MDD and subtypes were based on DSM-IV symptoms. Additional symptoms were measured with the Inventory of Depressive Symptomatology. Blood levels of leptin and adiposity indexes (body mass index and waist circumference) were assessed. As compared to control subjects, higher leptin was associated with the atypical MDD subtype both for remitted (n = 144, odds ratio = 1.53, 95% confidence interval = 1.16-2.03, p = .003) and current (n = 270, odds ratio = 1.90, 95% confidence interval = 1.51-2.93, p = 5.3e-8) cases. This association was stronger for increasing adiposity levels (leptin by body mass index interaction, p leptin resistance. No association with leptin was found for overall MDD or the typical subtype. Among currently depressed patients, higher leptin was associated with key symptoms identifying the atypical subtype, such as hyperphagia, increased weight, and leaden paralysis. Leptin dysregulation (resistance) may represent an underlying mechanism connecting obesity and MDD with atypical features. Development of treatment effectively targeting leptin resistance may benefit patients with atypical depression characterized by obesity-related metabolic alterations. Copyright © 2017 Society of Biological Psychiatry. Published by Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

  3. Immunohistochemical Expression of Leptin (Ob-protein in Experimentally Hypertensive Rat Kidney Tissues

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Fikret Gevrek

    2016-12-01

    Results: The blood pressure levels of the experimental group were higher than in the control, and their renal tissues had some distinctive histopathological changes. Additionally, Leptin immunostaining scores increased in the excretory tubule cells of hypertensive rats. Conclusion: Upregulation of Leptin expression may indicate that Leptin molecules have an important physiological role such as regulation of some kidney functions to adapt high blood pressure; or, contrary to this, they may be a pathophysiological sign. Further research is necessary to determine whether this situation is physiological or pathophysiological process. [J Contemp Med 2016; 6(4.000: 255-265

  4. AD患者血浆Leptin和血清Hcy、S100B、NSE联合检测的临床意义%Clinical Significance of Determination of Plasma Leptin and Serum Hcy, S100B and NSE Levels in Patients with Alzheimer Disease

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    窦焕芝; 卢萌

    2011-01-01

    探讨阿尔茨海默病(AD)患者血浆Leptin和血清Hcy、S100B、NSE水平的变化及临床意义.应用RIA和CLIA法测定32例AD患者血浆Leptin和血清Hcy、S100B、NSE水平,并与30名正常组作比较.结果表明AD患者血浆Leptin和血清Hcy、S100B、NSE水平与正常组比较,均有非常显著地升高(P<0.01),且Leptin水平与Hcy、S100B、NSE水平呈相关(r=0.5982、0.4762、0.6014,P<0.01).检测AD患者血浆Leptin和血清Hcy、S100B、NSE水平对判断病情和评价疗效,均具有一定的临床价值.%To explore the clinical significance of changes of plasma leptin and serun Hcy, Sl00B and NSE levels in patients with Alzheimer Disease (AD). The plasma leptin and serum NSE levels in 32 AD patients and 30 controls were determined by using RIA, and the serum Hcy and Sl00B levels were measured by using CLIA.The results showed that the plasma leptin and serun Hcy, S100B and NSE levels in AD patients were significantly higher than these in controls (P <0.01 ). The plasma leptin levels in AD patients was mutually positively correlated with serum Hcy, Sl00B and NSE levels (r =0. 5982, 0.4762, 0.6014, P <0. 0l ). The detection of plasma leptin and serum Hcy, S100B and NSE levels may be helpful for the prediction of treatment efficiency in patients with Alzheimer disease.

  5. 支气管哮喘患者血清瘦素水平的影响因素%Analysis of correlative factors of serum leptin levels in asthmatic patients

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    梁瀛; 王娟; 常春; 阿曼妮萨·图尔荪托合提; 孙永昌; 贺蓓; 姚婉贞

    2016-01-01

    groups.Results Serum leptin levels were not different between asthmatic patients and health controls [(15.0 ± 10.4) vs (15.2 ± 11.7) μg/L,P =0.939].Female asthmatic patients had significantly higher serum leptin levels than male [(18.2 ± 10.7) vs (7.9 ± 4.8) μg/L,P < 0.001].Asthmatic patients with obesity had significantly higher serum leptin levels than asthmatic patients with overweight,with normal BMI,with underweight and health controls [(29.7 ± 10.8) vs (17.1 ± 11.1),(11.8 ± 7.7),(9.1 ± 0.96),(15.2 ± 11.7) μg/L,all P < 0.01].Serum leptin level was positively related to percentage of induced sputum eosinophil in female asthmatic patients (r =0.331,P =0.032).Onset age of asthma,positive allergen detection,airflow limitation or asthma control level did not affect serum leptin level.Conclusion Sex and BMI are important factors affecting serum leptin levels in patients with asthma.

  6. 血清脂联素、瘦素和抵抗素与非霍奇金淋巴瘤的相关性研究%Serum adiponectin, leptin, and resistin levels in non-Hodgkin lymphoma patients

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张莹; 杨威; 刘冬梅

    2013-01-01

    To investigate adiponectin, leptin, and resistin levels in patients with non-Hodgkin lymphoma (NHL)at diagnosis and during chemotherapy. Method: ABC-ELLSA was used to detect the adiponectin, leptin,and resistin levels in 45 NHL patients and 50 normal controls. The corresponding lactate dehydrogenase (LDH) levels were also recorded. Result: At diagnosis,mean adiponectin levels were lower compared with controls (P<0. 01) ,and the levels of leptin and resistin were higher(P<0. 01). During the chemotherapy,adiponectin increased significantly (P<0. 01), while leptin and resistin decreased (P<0. 05). The levels of adiponectin were negatively correlated with LDH during the therapy (r= -0. 635, P = 0. 003), while leptin and resistin positively correlated(r=0. 532,P = 0. 025 and r=0. 637,P = 0. 012,respectively). Conclusion; Low adiponectin and high leptin, resistin are present at NHL diagnosis. Those adipocytokines alterations are progressively restored during the therapy.%目的:研究非霍奇金淋巴瘤(NHL)初诊和化疗过程中血清脂联素、瘦素和抵抗素水平的变化.方法:选择45例接受相同的化疗方案的NHL患者,选择50例健康成年人作为对照组.用双抗体夹心ABC-ELISA法测定治疗过程中血清中的脂联素、瘦素和抵抗素水平的变化,同时测定血清中的乳酸脱氢酶浓度.结果:初诊时患者血清中的脂联素水平明显降低(P<0.01),而瘦素和抵抗素的表达明显增高(P<0.01).经过化疗后,NHL患者血清中的脂联素水平呈现明显上升的趋势(P<0.01),而瘦素和抵抗素水平出现明显下降的趋势(P<0.05).相关性分析显示治疗过程中的乳酸脱氢酶与脂联素水平呈现明显的负相关(r=-0.635,P=0.003),而与瘦素和抵抗素呈现明显的正相关(分别为r=0.532,P=0.025和r=0.637,P=0.012).结论:NHL初诊时血清中的脂联素水平明显降低,瘦素和抵抗素水平明显增高,这3种脂肪素的水平随着NHL治疗的进展逐渐趋于正常.

  7. Leptin and leptin-receptor polymorphisms in fertile and infertile men.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Khosropour, Saeid; Hamidi, Maryam; Fattahi, Amir; Khodadadi, Iraj; Karami, Manoochehr; Fazilati, Mohammad; Vaisi-Raygani, Asad; Tavilani, Heidar

    2017-02-01

    The association of leptin (LEP) -2548G/A and/or leptin receptor (LEPR) Gln223Arg polymorphisms with male infertility and plasma FSH, LH, and testosterone (T) levels was examined. The genotypes and allele frequency distributions of LEP -2548G/A and LEPR Gln223Arg polymorphisms were investigated in 150 fertile and 150 infertile men by polymerase chain reaction-restriction fragment length polymorphism (PCR-RFLP). Also, plasma levels of FSH, LH, and T were measured using commercial ELISA kits. Frequencies of AA, AG and GG genotypes of LEP-2548G/A polymorphism were statistically different in fertile and infertile men (p=0.012). The AG genotype showed a protective effect which could decrease risk of male infertility about 3 fold (p = 0.004). We did not observe any differences in frequencies of LEPR Gln223Arg alleles and genotypes between groups (p > 0.05). Sperm counts from infertile men with the AG and GG genotypes of the LEP polymorphism were significantly higher than AA genotype (p 0.05). Our study suggests that the LEP -2548G/A polymorphism may play a role in male fertility and the AG genotype may have a protective effect through increasing sperm counts. The distribution of genotypes of LEP -2548G/A polymorphism are different in fertile and infertile males and may be a useful tool in evaluation of male infertility. LEP: leptin; LEPR: leptin receptor; T: testosterone; FSH: follicle-stimulating hormone; LH: luteinizing hormone.

  8. Differences in zinc status and the leptin axis in anorexic and recovered adolescents and young adults: a pilot study

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    F.D. Zepf

    2012-03-01

    Full Text Available Evidence from animal studies suggests that leptin metabolism is associated with zinc (Zn status. However, research investigating this relationship in adolescents and young adults with anorexia nervosa (AN is scarce; the present study aims to fill that gap.Serum concentrations of leptin, the soluble leptin receptor (sOB-R and the free leptin index (FLI were obtained in healthy control subjects (n=19, acutely ill individuals (n=14 and recovered patients with AN (n=15. Serum Zn concentrations noted in previous research data were also incorporated for all groups.Leptin, FLI and Zn concentrations were higher in recovered subjects with AN when compared with acutely ill AN patients. Remitted patients showed higher sOB-R concentrations but no difference in FLI compared with the control group. Leptin and FLI were lower in the acutely ill patients compared with the control subjects, who showed no differences in Zn concentrations. Zn concentrations were not correlated with leptin, sOB-R or FLI concentrations in any of the three investigated subgroups.The present investigation does not entirely support an association between Zn, Leptin and FLI concentrations in subjects with AN, possibly due to limited statistical power. Further research and replication of the present findings related to the interaction between leptin and Zn is warranted. However, with respect to serum leptin levels the data of the present investigation indicate that acutely ill and remitted patients with AN differ as regards serum leptin concentrations and FLI, which is in line with previous research.

  9. Differences in zinc status and the leptin axis in anorexic and recovered adolescents and young adults: a pilot study

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zepf, F.D.; Sungurtekin, I.; Glass, F.; Elstrodt, L.; Peetz, D.; Hintereder, G.; Kratzsch, J.; Biskup, C.S.; Poustka, F.; Wöckel, L.

    2012-01-01

    Background Evidence from animal studies suggests that leptin metabolism is associated with zinc (Zn) status. However, research investigating this relationship in adolescents and young adults with anorexia nervosa (AN) is scarce; the present study aims to fill that gap. Methods Serum concentrations of leptin, the soluble leptin receptor (sOB-R) and the free leptin index (FLI) were obtained in healthy control subjects (n=19), acutely ill individuals (n=14) and recovered patients with AN (n=15). Serum Zn concentrations noted in previous research data were also incorporated for all groups. Results Leptin, FLI and Zn concentrations were higher in recovered subjects with AN when compared with acutely ill AN patients. Remitted patients showed higher sOB-R concentrations but no difference in FLI compared with the control group. Leptin and FLI were lower in the acutely ill patients compared with the control subjects, who showed no differences in Zn concentrations. Zn concentrations were not correlated with leptin, sOB-R or FLI concentrations in any of the three investigated subgroups. Conclusions The present investigation does not entirely support an association between Zn, Leptin and FLI concentrations in subjects with AN, possibly due to limited statistical power. Further research and replication of the present findings related to the interaction between leptin and Zn is warranted. However, with respect to serum leptin levels the data of the present investigation indicate that acutely ill and remitted patients with AN differ as regards serum leptin concentrations and FLI, which is in line with previous research. PMID:22393314

  10. Plasma total ghrelin and leptin levels in human narcolepsy and matched healthy controls: Basal concentrations and response to sodium oxybate

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Donjacour, C.E.; Pardi, D.; Aziz, N.A.; Frolich, M.; Roelfsema, F.; Overeem, S.; Pijl, H.; Lammers, G.J.

    2013-01-01

    STUDY OBJECTIVES: Narcolepsy is caused by a selective loss of hypocretin neurons and is associated with obesity. Ghrelin and leptin interact with hypocretin neurons to influence energy homeostasis. Here, we evaluated whether human hypocretin deficiency, or the narcolepsy therapeutic agent sodium oxy

  11. 活动期溃疡性结肠炎患者血清瘦素与ghrelin水平的临床分析%Serum leptin and ghrelin levels in patients with active ulcerative colitis

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张爽; 梅俏; 许建明; 张旭; 杨清峰; 张丽萍; 江泳

    2012-01-01

    Objective To investigate the change of serum leptin and ghrelin levels in patients with active ulcerative colitis (UC) and their clinical significance.Methods Fifty-four patients with active UC and 25 normal controls were enrolled in this study,and serum levels of leptin and ghrelin were determined by enzyme-linked immunosorbent absorption.The correlations between serum leptin/ghrelin and the main clinicopathological features of patients with active UC were analyzed.The nutritional status of these patients were assessed by using the Nutritional Risk Screening 2002 ( NRS 2002).Results The serum levels of leptin and ghrelin in patients with active UC were significantly higher than those in normal controls [leptin:(245.51 ± 129.72) vs.( 183.80 ±59.67) pg/ml,P =0.029; ghrelin:(1477.96 ±501.86) vs.(1188.00±474.51) pg/ml,P=0.041]; and both of them were correlated with the disease severity ( leptin:r =0.715,P =0.019 ; ghrelin:r =0.667,P =0.027),but were not correlated with the clinical type,the extent of lesion,and the endoscopic grading (all P > 0.05).In the UC patients with nutritional risk,the serum levels of leptin and ghrelin were also significantly higher than those in subjects without nutritional risk [ leptin:(332.82 ± 172.92) vs.( 194.15 ± 49.71 ) pg/ml,P =0.026 ; ghrelin: ( 1848.60 ±326.48) vs.(1259.93±459.24) pg/ml,P=0.021].Conclusion Patients with active UC have remarkably higher serum leptin and ghrelin levels,which is associated with the disease severity and the nutritional risk.%目的 研究活动期溃疡性结肠炎(UC)患者血清瘦素及ghrelin水平变化情况及其临床意义.方法 纳入54例活动期UC患者和25例正常对照,采用ELISA法检测所有入选者的血清瘦素及ghrelin水平,并与UC患者的主要临床病理特征进行相关性分析.采用营养风险筛查2002( NRS 2002)筛查活动期UC患者的营养风险.结果 活动期UC患者的血清瘦素[(245.51±129.72)比(183.80±59.67)pg/ml,P=0.029]

  12. Regulation of body mass and adiposity in the field vole, Microtus agrestis: a model of leptin resistance.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Król, Elzbieta; Speakman, John R

    2007-02-01

    Adult mammals are typically highly resistant to perturbations in their energy balance. In obese humans, however, this control appears to be lost. Apart from a few exceptional cases, this loss of control occurs despite appropriate levels of circulating leptin -- suggesting that elevated adiposity may be a consequence of failure to respond to the leptin signal: leptin resistance. When cold-acclimated male field voles (Microtus agrestis) are transferred from short (SD, 8 h light) to long (LD, 16 h light) photoperiods, they increase dramatically in body mass and fatness for about 4 weeks. After this period, their mass stabilizes at a new plateau about 25% higher than animals maintained in SD. The increase in adiposity is not caused by significant increases in food intake, but reflects an increase in digestive efficiency. Measures of circulating leptin reveal that the increased adiposity is matched by increased circulating leptin. By infusing voles with exogenous leptin, we have demonstrated that SD voles are leptin sensitive (reducing both body mass and food intake), whereas LD animals are leptin resistant. Voles may therefore be a useful model for understanding the process of leptin resistance. The change in leptin sensitivity in voles was not associated with changes in the levels of gene expression of the orexogenic or anorexogenic neuropeptides, such as neuropeptide Y, agouti-related peptide, POMC and cocaine- and amphetamine-regulated transcript, measured in the hypothalamic arcuate nucleus (ARC). During the phase that body mass was increasing, however, there was a transient increase in the ARC expression of suppressor of cytokine signalling-3 (SOCS3). These data suggest that the changes in the expression of SOCS3 in the ARC may be involved in leptin resistance. However, the mechanism by which these changes may be linked to alterations in digestive efficiency that underpin the changes in adiposity, or how the differences are signalled by changes in photoperiod

  13. FTO rs 9939609 SNP Is Associated With Adiponectin and Leptin Levels and the Risk of Obesity in a Cohort of Romanian Children Population.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Duicu, Carmen; Mărginean, Cristina Oana; Voidăzan, Septimiu; Tripon, Florin; Bănescu, Claudia

    2016-05-01

    Obesity is a disorder with increasing frequency in children and adolescents, directly linked with various diseases. Variants in the FTO (fat mass and obesity-related) gene have been associated with body mass index and waist and hip circumferences in widespread populations.The aim of this case-control study was to assess if there is any association between FTO gene variants rs9939609, respectively, rs17817449 with anthropometric and metabolic biomarkers (fasting glucose, TC, HDL-cholesterol, LDL-cholesterol, triglycerides) and adipokines (adiponectin and leptin), in Romanian obese children.A total of 387 children, 201 obese and 186 nonobese individuals, were included in this prospective study. Genotyping of the FTO gene polymorphisms for all subjects was performed using the restriction fragment length polymorphism (PCR-RFLP) method.Significant associations were found between FTO rs9939609 single nucleotide polymorphism (SNP) and obesity. AA genotype carriers have a 2.02 times higher risk for obesity compared with AT+TT genotype carriers. Risk allele carriers of rs17817449 SNP had somewhat higher values of weight, body mass index, waist and hip circumference, total cholesterol, triglycerides, adiponectin, and fasting glucose.This study revealed the genetic association between rs9939609 SNP of FTO and obesity in a Romanian population, and to the authors' knowledge, this is the first study to investigate this association in a Romanian population. This study also established that combined variant genotypes (AA/GG) of FTO rs9939609 /rs17817449 are strongly associated with several measures of adiposity (weight, BMI-SD, mid-upper arm circumference, tricipital skinfold thicknesses) and are also associated with total cholesterol, triglyceride, and LDL-cholesterol levels.

  14. Leptin reduces ovariectomy-induced bone loss in rats

    National Research Council Canada - National Science Library

    Burguera, B; Hofbauer, L C; Thomas, T; Gori, F; Evans, G L; Khosla, S; Riggs, B L; Turner, R T

    2001-01-01

    .... Serum leptin levels are strongly and directly related to fat body mass. We report here the effects of leptin administration compared with estrogen therapy on ovariectomy-induced bone loss in rats...

  15. Time Course of Leptin in Patients with Anorexia Nervosa during Inpatient Treatment: Longitudinal Relationships to BMI and Psychological Factors

    Science.gov (United States)

    Friederich, Hans-Christoph; Wesche, Daniela; Kopf, Stefan; Herzog, Wolfgang; Wild, Beate

    2016-01-01

    Background Leptin, a hormone secreted by adipose tissue, appears to play a major role in the homeostasis of body weight and psychobiological processes associated with anorexia nervosa (AN). However, there is scarce data on its exact influence on this disorder, in particular data over time. Objective The present study addresses whether leptin changes during inpatient treatment play a role for treatment outcome and psychological factors in underweight AN patients. Methods In order to understand whether leptin’s role differs in relation to AN severity, data were assessed from 11 patients with a very low BMI and a higher chronicity (high severity group; HSS; mean BMI at the beginning of the study = 13.6; mean duration of illness = 5.1 years) vs. nine with less severe symptoms (LSS; mean BMI = 16.2; mean duration of illness = 3.7 years). During the course of treatment, serum leptin concentrations were assessed weekly while weight (BMI) was assessed twice per week. Concomitantly, psychological variables were obtained by means of electronic diaries. Unconditional linear growth models were calculated to evaluate the temporal course of leptin in relation to BMI. For HSS patients, two phases of treatment (BMI < 16 and BMI ≥ 16 kg/m2) were investigated. Results Leptin increased significantly with BMI in both groups of patients. For HSS patients, the increase of leptin in the first treatment phase did not predict later increases in BMI. Furthermore, the relationship of leptin and psychological factors was modulated by symptom severity. In HSS patients, higher leptin levels were associated with greater feelings of depression, anxiety, and stress whereas in LSS patients a higher leptin level showed the trend to be associated with lower psychological symptom burden. Conclusions Our results suggest that leptin changes are differently associated with weight gain and psychological symptoms depending on the severity of starvation. PMID:28030575

  16. Clinical Significance of Measurement on the Changes of Plasma Leptin and Serum VEGF, HGF Levels After Hemodialysis in Patients with Chronic Renal Failure%慢性肾功能衰竭患者血透前后血浆leptin和血清VEGF、HGF检测的临床意义

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    顾涛

    2012-01-01

    Objective To explor the clinical significance of changes on plasma leptin and serum VEGF,HGF levels after hemodi-alysis in patients with chronic renal failure. Methods Plasma leptin (with RIA) , serum VEGF, HGF(with ELISA) levels were measured in 32 patients with chronic renal failure both before and after hemodialysis as well as in 35 normal healthy controls. Results Before hemodialysis plasma leptin and serum VEGF,HGF levels were significantiy higher in the patients than those in controls (P < 0.05). Conclusion The levels of leptin, VEGF and HGF were significantly increased in patients with chronic renal failure. Hemodialysis could increase the clearance rate of leptin, VEGF and HGF and might be useful for clinical assessment.%目的:探讨了慢性肾功能衰竭(CRF)患者血透前后血浆leptin和血清VEGF、HGF水平的变化及意义.方法:应用放射免疫分析和酶联法对32例CRF患者进行了血透前后血浆leptin和血清VEGF、HGF检测,并与35名正常健康人作比较.结果:CRF在血透前血浆leptin和血清VEGF、HGF水平非常显著地高于正常人组(P<0.01).结论:CRF患者存在高leptin、VEGF、HGF血症.血透可增加leptin、VEGF和HGF的清除率,具有重要的临床价值.

  17. Leptin and Atopic Dermatitis in Korean Elementary School Children

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    SungChul Seo

    2016-04-01

    Full Text Available The prevalence of atopic dermatitis (AD and obesity have been increasing considerably in Korean school-children. AD is a chronic pruritic recurrent inflammatory skin disorder. Leptin is secreted by adipocytes which has been suggested to be immunologically active; however, their role in AD has not yet been well understood. A total of 227 subjects out of 2,109 elementary school children were defined as having AD based on the ISAAC questionnaire survey. Ninety subjects with AD, aged between 6 and 12 years, completed scoring of severity of AD (SCORAD, skin prick testing, blood tests for total IgE, eosinophil counts, eosinophil cationic protein (ECP and lipid profiles. Serum leptin levels were also measured. A subject with atopic AD was defined as an AD patient showing at least 1 positive reaction to allergens in skin prick testing. There were no significant differences in age, body mass index, percentage of breast milk feeding, mode of delivery, prevalence of atopy, and lipid profiles between atopic AD and non-atopic AD subjects. The serum leptin levels (log mean±SD were significantly higher in non-atopic AD group than in the atopic AD group (0.86±0.57 ng/mL vs 0.53±0.72 ng/mL, p=0.045. Subjects with mild-to-moderate AD showed significantly higher serum leptin levels than those with severe AD (0.77±0.67 ng/mL vs 0.33±0.69 ng/mL, p=0.028. There was a marginal inverse correlation between the SCORAD index and the serum leptin concentration in total AD subjects (r=-0.216, p=0.053. The serum leptin levels were significantly higher in non-atopic AD subjects or mild-to-moderate AD subjects. Leptin did not seem to be associated with IgE-mediated inflammation in AD. Obesity-associated high leptin differed between non-atopic AD and atopic AD subjects.

  18. Leptin: a multifunctional hormone

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2000-01-01

    Leptin is the protein product encoded by the obese (ob)gene. It is a circulating hormone produced primarily by the adipose tissue. ob/ob mice with mutations of the gene encoding leptin become morbidly obese, infertile, hyperphagic, hypothermic,and diabetic. Since the cloning of leptin in 1994, our knowledge in body weight regulation and the role played by leptin has increased substantially. We now know that leptin signals through its receptor, OB-R, which is a member of the cytokine receptor superfamily. Leptin serves as an adiposity signal to inform the brain the adipose tissue mass in a negative feedback loop regulating food intake and energy expenditure. Leptin also plays important roles in angiogenesis, immune function, fertility, and bone formation. Humans with mutations in the gene encoding leptin are also morbidly obese and respond to leptin treatment,demonstrating that enhancing or inhibiting leptin's activities in vivo may have potential therapeutic benefits.

  19. Leptin inhibits proliferation of breast cancer cells at supraphysiological concentrations by inhibiting mitogen-activated protein kinase signaling.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Weichhaus, Michael; Broom, John; Wahle, Klaus; Bermano, Giovanna

    2014-07-01

    Leptin is a hormone secreted by white fat tissue and signals the amount of overall body fat to the hypothalamus. The circulating concentration of leptin correlates with the level of obesity. Breast cancer risk is higher in obese postmenopausal women compared with postmenopausal women of a normal weight, and high leptin concentrations may contribute to this risk. In the present study, SK-BR-3 and MDA-MB-231 breast cancer cell lines were treated with various concentrations (6.25-1,600 ng/ml) of recombinant leptin and changes in cell proliferation were assessed. The SK-BR-3 breast cancer cells exhibited a concentration-dependent increase in proliferation with physiological leptin concentrations (100 ng/ml) was observed. Cell proliferation was not affected at supraphysiological leptin concentrations (>800 ng/ml) in SK-BR-3 cells, whereas it decreased in MDA-MB-231 cells. Therefore, cell signaling and cell cycle changes were assessed at supraphysiological concentrations (1,600 ng/ml). In the two cell lines, leptin treatment decreased the mitogen-activated protein kinase (MAPK) cell signaling pathway activation. Leptin treatment did not increase Akt phosphorylation or significantly alter the cell population distribution across cell cycle stages. To the best of our knowledge, leptin-induced growth inhibition of breast cancer cells at supraphysiological concentrations has not been reported in the literature to date, and the findings of this study suggest that reduced MAPK activity may be the underlying cause. Thus, the effect of leptin on breast cancer growth warrants further investigation since leptin is considered to be one of the main mediators in the obesity-breast cancer connection.

  20. Hormone and metabolic factors associated with leptin mRNA expression in pre- and postmenopausal women.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Fajardo, Martha E; Malacara, Juan M; Martínez-Rodríguez, Herminia G; Barrera-Saldaña, Hugo A

    2004-06-01

    Recent information has extended leptin's action, beyond the control of appetite, to various sites of metabolic regulation. To better understand leptin's role we studied its production in subcutaneous and visceral fat compartments before and after menopause. During elective abdominal surgery, biopsies of subcutaneous and omental tissues were taken from 20 women at pre- (BMI 28.4 +/- 4.5 kg/m2) and 10 at postmenopause (BMI 30.6 +/- 7.7 kg/m2). In both groups serum leptin levels were similar, and highly correlated with BMI. In subcutaneous adipose tissue, leptin mRNA expression was significantly higher in pre- than in postmenopausal women (50.4 +/- 20.5 amol/microg total RNA versus 34.5 +/- 24.9 amol/microg total RNA, respectively). Leptin mRNA expression in subcutaneous tissue was independently correlated with fasting glucose (R = 0.89, P < 0.006) at premenopause, and with serum estradiol (R = 0.77, P < 0.04) at postmenopause. Leptin mRNA expression in visceral fat was correlated with DHEAS (R = 0.86, P < 0.001), at premenopause. These results indicate that in both compartments, leptin production is sensitive to different but overlapping stimuli, conveying information about energy availability to central and peripheral sites under different conditions of estrogen exposure.

  1. Leptin levels in patients with anorexia nervosa are reduced in the acute stage and elevated upon short-term weight restoration

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Hebebrand, J; Blum, W F; Barth, N;

    1997-01-01

    Circulating leptin concentrations are known to be low in acute anorexia nervosa (AN), which is characterized by low weight, amenorrhea and specific psychopathological features. In this study plasma leptin concentrations were determined during inpatient treatment of 23 adolescent females...

  2. Gut microbiota composition in male rat models under different nutritional status and physical activity and its association with serum leptin and ghrelin levels.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Queipo-Ortuño, María Isabel; Seoane, Luisa María; Murri, Mora; Pardo, María; Gomez-Zumaquero, Juan Miguel; Cardona, Fernando; Casanueva, Felipe; Tinahones, Francisco J

    2013-01-01

    Several evidences indicate that gut microbiota is involved in the control of host energy metabolism. To evaluate the differences in the composition of gut microbiota in rat models under different nutritional status and physical activity and to identify their associations with serum leptin and ghrelin levels. In a case control study, forty male rats were randomly assigned to one of these four experimental groups: ABA group with food restriction and free access to exercise; control ABA group with food restriction and no access to exercise; exercise group with free access to exercise and feed ad libitum and ad libitum group without access to exercise and feed ad libitum. The fecal bacteria composition was investigated by PCR-denaturing gradient gel electrophoresis and real-time qPCR. In restricted eaters, we have found a significant increase in the number of Proteobacteria, Bacteroides, Clostridium, Enterococcus, Prevotella and M. smithii and a significant decrease in the quantities of Actinobacteria, Firmicutes, Bacteroidetes, B. coccoides-E. rectale group, Lactobacillus and Bifidobacterium with respect to unrestricted eaters. Moreover, a significant increase in the number of Lactobacillus, Bifidobacterium and B. coccoides-E. rectale group was observed in exercise group with respect to the rest of groups. We also found a significant positive correlation between the quantity of Bifidobacterium and Lactobacillus and serum leptin levels, and a significant and negative correlation among the number of Clostridium, Bacteroides and Prevotella and serum leptin levels in all experimental groups. Furthermore, serum ghrelin levels were negatively correlated with the quantity of Bifidobacterium, Lactobacillus and B. coccoides-Eubacterium rectale group and positively correlated with the number of Bacteroides and Prevotella. Nutritional status and physical activity alter gut microbiota composition affecting the diversity and similarity. This study highlights the associations

  3. Maternal deprivation induces a rapid decline in circulating leptin levels and sexually dimorphic modifications in hypothalamic trophic factors and cell turnover.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Viveros, María-Paz; Díaz, Francisca; Mateos, Beatriz; Rodríguez, Noé; Chowen, Julie A

    2010-04-01

    Pathological outcomes, including metabolic and endocrine disturbances, of maternal deprivation (MD) in Wistar rats depend on gender and the timing of deprivation during development. We analyzed the effect of MD between postnatal days 9 and 10, a critical period in hypothalamic development, on circulating hormones and local production of trophic factors involved in this process, as well as on markers of cell turnover and maturation. Males and females were studied 12 and 24 h after MD and 12 h (MD36) after returning the dam to her pups. Circulating corticosterone levels were increased and glucose and leptin levels decreased throughout the study in both sexes. Hypothalamic mRNA levels of leptin receptor increased significantly at MD24 in both sexes, normalizing in females at MD36, but not in males. In male rats insulin-like growth factor mRNA levels were significantly decreased at MD24 and brain derived neurotrophic factor mRNA levels decreased at MD12 and MD24, with both trophic factors unaffected in females. In males cell proliferation was significantly decreased at MD36, as were the glial structural proteins, glial fibrillary acidic protein and vimentin. In females, nestin levels decreased significantly at MD24. These results indicate that MD differently affects trophic factors and cell-turnover in the hypothalamus of males and females, which may underlie the sex differences seen in the endocrine and metabolic outcome.

  4. Leptin mediates seasonal variation in some but not all symptoms of sickness in Siberian hamsters.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Carlton, Elizabeth D; Demas, Gregory E

    2014-11-01

    Many seasonally breeding species, including Siberian hamsters (Phodopus sungorus), exhibit seasonal variation in sickness responses. One hypothesis regarding the mechanism of this variation is that sickness intensity tracks an animal's energetic state, such that sickness is attenuated in the season that an animal has the lowest fat stores. Energetic state may be signaled via leptin, an adipose hormone that provides a signal of fat stores. Siberian hamsters respond to extended housing in short, winter-like days by reducing fat stores and leptin levels, relative to those housed in long, summer-like days. Sickness responses are also attenuated in short-day hamsters as compared to long-day hamsters. We hypothesized that leptin provides a physiological signal by which seasonally breeding animals modulate sickness responses, such that animals with higher leptin levels show increased sickness intensity. To test this, we provided short-day hamsters with a long-day-like leptin signal and assessed their responses to lipopolysaccharide (LPS), a sickness-inducing antigen. We compared these responses to short-day vehicle-, long-day vehicle-, and long-day leptin-treated hamsters. Unexpectedly, LPS induced a hypothermic response (rather than fever) in all groups. Short-day vehicle-treated hamsters exhibited the greatest LPS-induced hypothermia, and leptin treatment attenuated this response, making hypothermia more long-day-like. Contrary to our hypothesis, short-day leptin-treated hamsters showed the least pronounced LPS-induced anorexia among all groups. These results suggest that leptin may mediate some but not all aspects of seasonal sickness variation in this species. Future studies should be targeted at determining roles of other energetic hormones in regulating seasonal sickness response variation.

  5. Regulation of estrogen receptors α and β in human breast carcinoma by exogenous leptin in nude mouse xenograft model

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    YU Wei; GU Jun-chao; LIU Jian-zhong; WANG Shao-hong; WANG Yu; ZHANG Zhong-tao; MA Xue-mei; SONG Mao-min

    2010-01-01

    Background It is essential to clarify the interactions of hormones during the progression of human breast cancer. This study examined the effects of exogenous human leptin on estrogen receptor (ER) α and β in human breast tumor tissue in a nude mouse xenograft model.Methods We created nude mice xenografts of MCF-7 human breast cancer cells, and randomly divided them into an experimental group and a control group. The mice in experimental group were injected subcutaneously around tumors with human leptin, while the control group were injected with the same dose of normal saline. A real-time RT-PCR assay was developed to quantify the mRNA of Erα,β in the tumor tissues. Western blotting analyses were used to assess the relative quantities of the Erα,β proteins.Results Leptin-treated xenografted nude mice were successfully established. The amount of Era mRNA was significantly higher in the leptin group than in the control group (P<0.01), while the amount of Erβ mRNA was significantly lower in the leptin group than in the control group (P<0.01). Western blotting analyses revealed that the Erα protein level was significantly higher in the leptin group than in the control group (P<0.01), while the Erβ protein level was significantly lower in the leptin group than in the control group (P <0.01).Conclusions Nude mouse xenograft model can be safely and serviceably treated with human leptin by subcutaneous injections around tumor. Erα,β were both targets of leptin in breast cancer. Leptin can up-regulate the expression of Erα and down-regulate the expression of the Erβ in human breast tumor.

  6. Relationship between serum leptin and chronic obstructive pulmonary disease in US adults: results from the third National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sueblinvong, Viranuj; Liangpunsakul, Suthat

    2014-10-01

    Recent studies suggest an important role for leptin in respiratory immune responses and pathogenesis of inflammatory respiratory diseases. There has been an interest to explore whether leptin plays any role in the pathogenesis of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD). We conducted a population-based study to evaluate the relationship between serum leptin and COPD in the third US National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey participants. Our study group was constituted by 6415 adults who had fasting serum leptin and underwent spirometry measurement. Serum leptin levels were compared (1) between subjects with normal lung function and those with COPD and (2) among COPD subjects with different severities. Among male participants, 2257 were controls, and 680 had COPD. Compared with controls, COPD subjects were older (62 vs 43 years) and had higher prevalence of smokers (78% vs 58%), lower body mass index (BMI) (26.3 vs 26.9), and higher serum leptin levels (6.6 vs 5.9). For female participants, 2918 were controls, and 560 had COPD. Those with COPD were older (60 vs 43 years) and had lower BMI (26.9 vs 27.7). No differences in serum leptin levels were observed. The independent predictors of COPD in both sexes were age, BMI, and smoking, but not serum leptin. There were no differences in serum leptin among COPD subjects with different severities. We did not find any significant difference in the levels of serum leptin in subjects with COPD. Our data provide indirect evidence against a major role for serum leptin in the pathogenesis of COPD in humans.

  7. Smoking and adipose tissue inflammation suppress leptin expression in Japanese obese males: potential mechanism of resistance to weight loss among Japanese obese smokers

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Nagayasu Shintaro

    2012-02-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background The effect of smoking on leptin regulation is controversial. Smoking may induce low-grade inflammation. Recent series of studies indicated the critical role of macrophage migration in the establishment of adipose tissue inflammation. In this study, we aimed to see the effects of smoking and inflammation on leptin regulation both at cellular and epidemiological levels. Methods We compared the concentration of inflammatory markers and serum leptin levels among Japanese male subjects. Additionally, leptin and intercellular adhesion molecule (ICAM -1 gene expression was assessed in adipocytes co-cultured with or without macrophages in the presence or absence of nicotine and/or lipopolysaccharide (LPS. Results In subjects with BMI below 25 kg/m2, both WBC counts and soluble-ICAM-1 levels are significantly higher in smokers than in non-smokers. However, leptin concentration did not differ according to smoking status. However, in subjects with BMI over 25 kg/m2, smokers exhibited significantly lower serum leptin level as well as higher WBC counts and s-ICAM-1 concentration as compared with non-smokers. Leptin gene expression was markedly suppressed in adipocytes co-cultured with macrophages than in adipocyte culture alone. Furthermore, nicotine further suppressed leptin gene expression. ICAM-1 gene expression was markedly up-regulated in adipocytes co-cultured with macrophages when stimulated with LPS. Conclusions Adipose tissue inflammation appears to down-regulate leptin expression in adipose tissues. Nicotine further suppresses leptin expression. Thus, both smoking and inflammation may diminish leptin effect in obese subjects. Therefore, obese, but not normal weight, smokers might be more resistant to weight loss than non-smokers.

  8. Acylated and Desacylated Ghrelin, Preptin, Leptin, and Nesfatin-1 Peptide Changes Related to the Body Mass Index

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Yusuf Ozkan

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available This study examines the levels of acylated and desacylated ghrelin, preptin, leptin, and nesfatin-1 peptide changes related to the body mass index (BMI. The subjects were allocated to 5 groups depending on their BMIs as follows: Group I (BMI 40 kg/m2. Serum acylated and desacylated ghrelin, preptin, and leptin levels were measured by the enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA and nesfatin-1 was measured by the enzyme immunoassay (EIA. Desacylated ghrelin levels showed a gradual and statistically significant drop from Group I to Group V, while preptin and leptin levels exhibited a gradual and significant increase from Group I to Group IV. Serum nesfatin-1 levels gradually, but not significantly, increased from Group I to Group III and showed a significant decrease in Groups IV and V. In conclusion, leptin, preptin, and acylated ghrelin (AG levels increased with higher BMI, whereas desacylated ghrelin (DAG decreased and nesfatin-1 showed no clear relationship to BMI.

  9. Leptin levels in patients with anorexia nervosa are reduced in the acute stage and elevated upon short-term weight restoration

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Hebebrand, J; Blum, W F; Barth, N

    1997-01-01

    Circulating leptin concentrations are known to be low in acute anorexia nervosa (AN), which is characterized by low weight, amenorrhea and specific psychopathological features. In this study plasma leptin concentrations were determined during inpatient treatment of 23 adolescent females with AN u......Circulating leptin concentrations are known to be low in acute anorexia nervosa (AN), which is characterized by low weight, amenorrhea and specific psychopathological features. In this study plasma leptin concentrations were determined during inpatient treatment of 23 adolescent females...

  10. Leptin as a marker of nutrition and cardiovascular risk in peritoneal dialysis patients.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Aguilera, Abelardo; Bajo, M Auxiliadora; Rebollo, Francisco; Díez, Juan J; Díaz, Candido; Paiva, Ana; Codoceo, Rosa; Selgas, Rafael

    2002-01-01

    Anorexia and protein malnutrition, occasionally associated with obesity, are frequently observed in peritoneal dialysis (PD) patients. Both are recognized risk factors for cardiovascular (CV) morbidity and mortality. Leptin is produced by adipocytes and regulates body-fat mass through a satiety central effect. Leptin accumulates in the uremic state. We analyzed the relationship between plasma leptin levels, nutritional status, obesity, CV risk factors, and atherosclerosis in PD patients. Leptin was determined using a polyclonal antibody [radioimmunoassay: Linco Research, St. Louis, MO, U.S.A.]. The normal range was 1-7.8 ng/mL. We studied 38 PD patients. Mean leptin levels were 59.1 +/- 57.5 ng/mL (elevated in 32 patients). Women (n = 21) showed higher leptin levels than did men (80.4 +/- 60 ng/mL vs. 32.3 +/- 43.3 ng/mL, p risk factors (Framingham study), such as serum triglycerides 150 mg/dL (44.2 +/- 53.2 ng/mL vs. 80 +/- 58.4 ng/mL, p 250 mg/dL, (50 +/- 55.6 mg/dL vs. 84.7 +/- 57.7 mg/dL, p 7 mg/dL (47 +/- 53.7 mg/dL vs. 93.1 +/- 56.6 mg/dL, p score (CAS). Nineteen patients had low CAS scores, and they showed higher plasma leptin values than did the other patients (82.4 +/- 65.7 ng/mL vs 35.8 +/- 36.6 ng/mL, p nutrition, including albumin (r = 0.63, p 40 ng/mL and sex and LVH. All of those features suggest that plasma leptin levels could be considered a marker of CV risk and food intake in non obese PD patients without inflammation.

  11. RELATIONS BETWEEN OBESITY AND RENAL OSTEODYSTROPHY: REGULATION OF BONE METABOLISM BY LEPTIN.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Janaina S. Martins

    2012-06-01

    Full Text Available Recently, the bone tissue is now recognized as the protagonist in the complex control mechanism energy because their hormone interactions with the adipose tissue. Leptin is an adipokine and its production is proportional to the amount of adipose tissue. Although leptin is associated with obesity, and this is recognized as the protector of bone tissue, little can be said about the inter-relationship in chronic kidney disease. In cross-sectional study, 32 hemodialysis patients at Botucatu Medical School - State University of Sao Paulo - Brazil, were evaluated anthropometrically regarding the diagnosis of metabolic syndrome (based on the harmonization of criteria IDF, AHA/NHLBI, ATP III, biochemically and bone biopsy. Due to variability of serum leptin was applied also values of the natural logarithm (Ln of leptin corrected by BMI. In comparisons was used Kruskal-Wallis, Pearson correlations were performed using regression analysis and considered the Ln leptin / BMI as the dependent variable was considered significant with p value less than 5%. Positive correlations of leptin have been shown in females (p=0.006, body fat percentage (p<0.001, serum albumin (p=0.035, and markers of metabolic syndrome, such as total cholesterol (p=0.01 , triglycerides (p=0.02 basal insulin (p=0.05 and BMI (p<0.001. About renal osteodystrophy, the sample has higher prevalence (69% of high turnover diseases - osteitis fibrosa cystica and mixed bone disease. BMI, percent body fat, leptin and Ln leptin/BMI showed no influence on the bone turnover and osteoporosis. In regression analysis Ln leptin/BMI was independently associated with age (p=0.006 and individuals diagnosed with metabolic syndrome (p=0.002, histological classifications of bone tissue showed no associations. In conclusion, this was a preliminary result which reinforced the strong and independent relationship between leptin and metabolic syndrome in chronic renal failure, however, has not found evidence of

  12. Leptin as a mediator between obesity and cardiac dysfunction

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Joanna Karbowska

    2012-05-01

    Full Text Available  Obesity is now recognised as one of the most important risk factors for heart disease. Obese individuals have high circulating levels of leptin, a hormone secreted by adipose tissue and in­volved in energy homeostasis. Growing evidence suggests that leptin may contribute to the development of cardiac dysfunction. In a large prospective study leptin has been shown to be an independent risk factor for coronary heart disease. An independent positive association has also been found between plasma leptin levels and heart rate in hypertensive patients and heart transplant recipients. In animal studies chronic leptin infusion increased heart rate and blood pressure. It has also been demonstrated that circulating leptin levels are elevated in patients with heart failure. The level of plasma leptin was associated with increased myocardial wall thickness and correlated with left ventricular mass, suggesting a role for this hormone in mediating left ventricular hypertrophy in humans. Moreover, leptin directly induced hypertrophy and hyperplasia in human and rodent cardiomyocytes, accompanied by cardiac extracellular matrix remodelling. Leptin may also influence energy substrate utilisation in cardiac tissue.These findings suggest that leptin acting directly or through the sympathetic nervous system may have adverse effects on cardiac structure and function, and that chronic hyperleptinaemia may greatly increase the risk of cardiac disorders. Additional studies are needed to define the role of leptin in cardiac physiology and pathophysiology, nevertheless the reduction in plasma leptin levels with caloric restriction and weight loss may prevent cardiac dysfunction in obese patients.

  13. [Leptin: a link between obesity and osteoarthritis?].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Terlain, Bernard; Presle, Nathalie; Pottie, Pascale; Mainard, Didier; Netter, Patrick

    2006-10-01

    In addition to aging, obesity is one of the most common underlying causes of osteoarthritis (OA). Mechanical loading, together with biochemical and systemic factors linked to altered lipid metabolism, are thought to contribute to the onset of OA. It has been suggested that OA is a systemic metabolic disease associated with lipid disorders affecting joint homeostasis. These gradual changes may be due to the local effect of adipokines, and especially leptin. Indeed, their relative levels in joints differ from that found in plasma. In particular, leptin levels are increased and adiponectin and resistin levels are reduced This hypothesis is supported by--leptin overexpression in OA cartilage and its correlation with the degree of cartilage destruction,--abundant leptin synthesis by osteophytes, and--the high leptin levels found in OA joints from female patients. This link between OA and adipokines provides new leads regarding the prevention of OA and the identification of new drug targets.

  14. Leptin signalling pathways in hypothalamic neurons.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kwon, Obin; Kim, Ki Woo; Kim, Min-Seon

    2016-04-01

    Leptin is the most critical hormone in the homeostatic regulation of energy balance among those so far discovered. Leptin primarily acts on the neurons of the mediobasal part of hypothalamus to regulate food intake, thermogenesis, and the blood glucose level. In the hypothalamic neurons, leptin binding to the long form leptin receptors on the plasma membrane initiates multiple signaling cascades. The signaling pathways known to mediate the actions of leptin include JAK-STAT signaling, PI3K-Akt-FoxO1 signaling, SHP2-ERK signaling, AMPK signaling, and mTOR-S6K signaling. Recent evidence suggests that leptin signaling in hypothalamic neurons is also linked to primary cilia function. On the other hand, signaling molecules/pathways mitigating leptin actions in hypothalamic neurons have been extensively investigated in an effort to treat leptin resistance observed in obesity. These include SOCS3, tyrosine phosphatase PTP1B, and inflammatory signaling pathways such as IKK-NFκB and JNK signaling, and ER stress-mitochondrial signaling. In this review, we discuss leptin signaling pathways in the hypothalamus, with a particular focus on the most recently discovered pathways.

  15. Long-term Exposure to Ambient Air Pollution and Serum Leptin in Older Adults: Results from the MOBILIZE Boston Study

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wang, Yi; Eliot, Melissa N.; Kuchel, George A.; Schwartz, Joel; Coull, Brent A.; Mittleman, Murray A.; Lipsitz, Lewis A.; Wellenius, Gregory A.

    2014-01-01

    Objective Long-term exposure to traffic-related air pollution has been linked to increased risk of obesity and diabetes and may be associated with higher serum levels of the adipokine leptin, but this hypothesis has not been previously evaluated in humans. Methods In a cohort of older adults, we estimated the association between serum leptin concentrations and two markers of long-term exposure to traffic pollution, adjusting for participant characteristics, temporal trends, socioeconomic factors, and medical history. Results An interquartile range increase (0.11 µg/m3) in annual mean residential black carbon was associated with 12% (95% CI: 3%, 22%) higher leptin levels. Leptin levels were not associated with residential distance to major roadway. Conculsions If confirmed, these findings support the emerging evidence suggesting that certain sources of traffic pollution may be associated with adverse cardiometabolic effects. PMID:25192230

  16. Possible involvement of leptin and leptin receptor in developing gastric adenocarcinoma

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Liang Zhao; Zhi-Xiang Shen; He-Sheng Luo; Lei Shen

    2005-01-01

    AIM: To investigate the expression of leptin and leptin receptor (ob-R) in intestinal-type gastric cancer and precancerous lesions, and to explore the possible mechanism and role of the leptin system in developing intestinal-type gastric adenocarcinoma.METHODS: Immunohistochemistry was performed to examine the expression of leptin and leptin receptor in archival samples of gastric adenocarcinoma and preneoplastic lesions, including intestinal metaplasia and mild to severe gastric epithelial dysplasia. Positive staining was identified and percentage of positive staining was graded.RESULTS: Dual expression of leptin and leptin receptor were detected in 80% (16/20) intestinal metaplasia,86.3% (25/30) mild gastric epithelial dysplasia, 86.7%(26/30) moderate gastric epithelial dysplasia, 93.3%(28/30) severe gastric epithelial dysplasia, 91.3% (55/60)intestinal-type gastric adenocarcinoma and 30.0% (9/30)difffuse-type gastric carcinoma. The percentage of dual expression of leptin and leptin receptor in intestinal-type gastric adenocarcinoma was significantly higher than that in diffuse-type gastric adenocarcinoma (x2 = 37.022,P<0.01).CONCLUSION: Our results indicate the presence of an autocrine loop of leptin system in the development of intestinal-type gastric adenocarcinoma.

  17. Longitudinal association between serum leptin concentration and glomerular filtration rate in humans.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Claudio Pedone

    Full Text Available Obesity is a risk factor for decline in glomerular filtration rate (GFR. One proposed mechanism leading to glomerulopathy is an increase in leptin levels. However, the association between leptin and GFR has never been demonstrated. The aim of this study is to verify whether higher levels of leptin are associated with longitudinal changes of estimated GFR (eGFR.We selected 744 participants in the InCHIANTI study (416 women. The association between eGFR and leptin changes over a 6-years follow-up was assessed using random effect models including leptin as a time-varying covariate and adjusted for potential confounders. We also compared the proportion of patients with rapid decline of renal function across tertiles of change in serum leptin between baseline and 6-years follow-up. Mean baseline eGFR was 82.2 ml/min/1.73 m, 78.7 ml/min/1.73 m, and 75.4 ml/min/1.73 m in the first, second and third tertile of baseline serum leptin concentration, respectively. After adjustment for potential confounders, leptin concentration was inversely associated with changes of eGFR over time (β for log-leptin: -1.288, 95% CI: -2.079 - -0.497. Relative to baseline levels, the estimated change in eGFR for unit-increase in log-leptin was -1.9% (95% CI: -2.977 - -0.761. After stratification by sex, the results were confirmed in women only. In women we also found an association between increasing leptin concentration over time and rapid decline of renal function.In women, serum leptin may contribute to eGFR decline independently from obesity and diabetes mellitus, although a cause-effect relationship cannot be established due to the observational nature of our study. A better characterization of adipokine profile of obese individuals may shed light on the accelerated renal function decline reported in a proportion of high-risk obese individuals.

  18. Influence of age on leptin induced skeletal muscle signaling

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Guadalupe Grau, Amelia; Larsen, Steen; Guerra, Borja

    2014-01-01

    Age associated fat mass accumulation could be due to dysregulation of leptin signaling in skeletal muscle. Thus, we investigated total protein expression and phosphorylation levels of the long isoform of the leptin receptor (OB-Rb), and leptin signaling through Janus Kinase 2 (JAK2)/signal...... skeletal muscle of different age....

  19. Identification of a soluble leptin receptor in crucian carp with different binding affinity to leptin-a and leptin-b.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Xie, Feifei; Li, Xin; Huang, Saifan; Li, Jiyuan; Guo, Xiaopin; Cao, Yibin

    2016-01-01

    Soluble leptin receptor (sLepR) is the main leptin-binding protein in plasma and contributes to activation of circulating leptin. In this study, we identified a sLepR in plasma of crucian carp (Carassius carassius) using a pull-down assay, and the interaction of sLepR with its ligand is confirmed by a cross-linking study. In addition, we found that leptin-a has higher affinity than leptin-b for sLepR. According to our knowledge, this is the first experimental report about the main ligand of sLepR in teleost.

  20. Association of ghrelin and leptin with reproductive hormones in constitutional delay of growth and puberty

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    El hawary Amany K

    2010-12-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background Constitutional delay of growth and puberty (CDGP is a variation of the onset and timing of pubertal development without a defined endocrine abnormality. Recently published studies indicate that leptin and ghrelin play a role in puberty initiation and progress. They have been implicated in regulation of GnRH secretion, with ghrelin having inhibitory and leptin, facilitatory effects. We hypothesized that elevated ghrelin and reduced leptin concentrations could be implicated in altering the tempo of puberty in adolescents with CDGP. So in the current study we evaluate variations in leptin and ghrelin levels in adolescent boys with CDGP, the relationships between both hormones and reproductive hormones including LH, FSH and testosterone were also evaluated. Methods The study enrolled 23 adolescent boys with CDGP and 20 healthy controls matched for age and sex. Weight, height, BMI, testicular volume, bone age, bone age delay, serum FSH, LH, testosterone, leptin and ghrelin were assessed. Results Adolescent boys with CDGP had significantly lower leptin and higher ghrelin than normal controls. Leptin was positively correlated with BMI, bone age, testicular volume, FSH, LH and testosterone and negatively correlated with delayed bone age and ghrelin. Ghrelin was negatively correlated with BMI, bone age, testicular volume, FSH, LH and testosterone. With multiple regression analysis BMI, FSH, LH, testosterone and ghrelin remained independently correlated with leptin while BMI, LH and testosterone remained independently correlated with ghrelin. Conclusion Elevated serum ghrelin and decreased leptin concentrations and their associations with reproductive hormones may explain the sexual immaturity in adolescent boys with CDGP.

  1. 青春期多囊卵巢综合征患者瘦素的监测及意义%Clinical significance of monitoring leptin level in adolescent patients with polycystic ovary syndrome

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王爱华; 姚颖杰; 李秀芹

    2011-01-01

    目的 通过监测青春期多囊卵巢综合征患者(PCOS)瘦素的含量,探讨瘦素与PCOS的关系,寻求青春期PCOS的分型诊断方法及肥胖型患者的疗效监测指标.方法 收集30名正常青春期志愿者(正常对照组)、30例单纯型青春期肥胖者(单纯肥胖组)和41例青春期PCOS患者(27名肥胖者和14名非肥胖者)的空腹血清标本,测定瘦素,并进行统计学分析.结果 正常对照组、单纯肥胖组、青春期PCOS肥胖组与PCOS非肥胖组瘦素分别为(19.44±6.63)、(23.09±7.39)、(42.99±9.83)、(31.92±7.02)μg/L,青春期PCOS肥胖组血清中的瘦素高于对照组和单纯肥胖组,且差异均有统计学意义(t值分别为2.903、2.714,P均<0.05);青春期PCOS肥胖组瘦素高于青春期PCOS非肥胖组,差异有统计学意义(t=2.472,P<0.05).结论 测定瘦素可以帮助进一步明确青春期PCOS的分型,有效指导治疗,并可以作为青春期PCOS肥胖患者治疗效果的一个监测指标.%Objective To discuss the relationship between leptin level and polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) in adolescent patients with polycystic ovary syndrome, and to explore the classification diagnosis method of adolescent PCOS and indicator for clinical monitoring of obese patients. Methods All enrolled adolescent individuals were assigned into four groups: 30 normal adolescent individuals in the control group, 30 simple adolescent obese individuals in the simple obesity group,27 obese adolescent PCOS patients in the obese PCOS group and 14 nonobese adolescent PCOS patients in the nonobese PCOS group. The fasting serum samples were prepared for leptin level measurement and analysis, Results The serum leptin level of in the control group, the simple obesity group, the obese PCOS group and the nonobese PCOS group were ( 19.44 ± 6. 63 ) μg/L vs.(23.09 ±7. 39) μg/L, (42. 99 ±9. 83) μg/L and (31, 92 ±7, 02) μg/L,respectively. Leptin in the obese PCOS group was significantly higher than that

  2. Taurine ameliorates hyperglycemia and dyslipidemia by reducing insulin resistance and leptin level in Otsuka Long-Evans Tokushima fatty (OLETF) rats with long-term diabetes

    Science.gov (United States)

    Oh, Da Hee; Kim, Jung Yeon; Lee, Bong Gn; You, Jeong Soon; Chang, Kyung Ja; Chung, Hyunju; Yoo, Myung Chul; Yang, Hyung-In; Kang, Ja-Heon; Hwang, Yoo Chul; Ahn, Kue Jeong; Chung, Ho-Yeon

    2012-01-01

    This study aimed to determine whether taurine supplementation improves metabolic disturbances and diabetic complications in an animal model for type 2 diabetes. We investigated whether taurine has therapeutic effects on glucose metabolism, lipid metabolism, and diabetic complications in Otsuka Long-Evans Tokushima fatty (OLETF) rats with long-term duration of diabetes. Fourteen 50-week-old OLETF rats with chronic diabetes were fed a diet supplemented with taurine (2%) or a non-supplemented control diet for 12 weeks. Taurine reduced blood glucose levels over 12 weeks, and improved OGTT outcomes at 6 weeks after taurine supplementation, in OLETF rats. Taurine significantly reduced insulin resistance but did not improve β-cell function or islet mass. After 12 weeks, taurine significantly decreased serum levels of lipids such as triglyceride, cholesterol, high density lipoprotein cholesterol, and low density lipoprotein cholesterol. Taurine significantly reduced serum leptin, but not adiponectin levels. However, taurine had no therapeutic effect on damaged tissues. Taurine ameliorated hyperglycemia and dyslipidemia, at least in part, by improving insulin sensitivity and leptin modulation in OLETF rats with long-term diabetes. Additional study is needed to investigate whether taurine has the same beneficial effects in human diabetic patients. PMID:23114424

  3. The Impact of Leptin on Perinatal Development and Psychopathology

    Science.gov (United States)

    Valleau, Jeanette C.; Sullivan, Elinor L.

    2014-01-01

    Leptin has long been associated with metabolism as it is a critical regulator of both food intake and energy expenditure, but recently, leptin dysregulation has been proposed as a mechanism of psychopathology. This review discusses the evidence supporting a role for leptin in mental health disorders and describes potential mechanisms that may underlie this association. Leptin plays a critical role in pregnancy and in fetal growth and development. Leptin’s role and profile during development is examined in available human studies and the validity of applying studies conducted in animal models to the human population are discussed. Rodents experience a postnatal leptin surge, which does not occur in humans or larger animal models. This suggests that further research using large mammal models, which have a leptin profile across pregnancy and development similar to humans, are of high importance. Maternal obesity and hyperleptinemia correlate with increased leptin levels in the umbilical cord, placenta, and fetus. Leptin levels are thought to impact fetal brain development; likely by activating proinflammatory cytokines that are known to impact many of the neurotransmitter systems that regulate behavior. Leptin is likely involved in behavioral regulation as leptin receptors are widely distributed in the brain, and leptin influences cortisol release, the mesoaccumbens dopamine pathway, serotonin synthesis, and hippocampal synaptic plasticity. In humans, both high and low levels of leptin are reported to be associated with psychopathology. This inconsistency is likely due to differences in the metabolic state of the study populations. Leptin resistance, which occurs in the obese state, may explain how both high and low levels of leptin are associated with psychopathology, as well as the comorbidity of obesity with numerous mental illnesses. Leptin resistance is likely to influence disorders such as depression and anxiety where both high and low leptin levels have been

  4. Avaliação dos Níveis Séricos de Leptina em Mulheres Portadoras da Síndrome dos Ovários Policísticos Leptin Levels in Women with Polycystic Ovary Syndrome

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Marco Antônio Barreto de Melo

    2001-09-01

    Full Text Available Objetivos: verificar os níveis de leptina em pacientes com síndrome dos ovários policísticos (SOP e suas relações com a testosterona, o estradiol, o FSH e a insulina. Métodos: estudo transversal realizado com 40 pacientes portadoras de SOP, divididas em dois grupos, de acordo com o seu índice de massa corporal (IMC: Grupo I (n = 20: pacientes obesas (IMC >28 kg/m² e Grupo II (n = 20: pacientes não-obesas (IMC Purpose: to investigate leptin levels in patients with polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS, and relationships with testosterone, estradiol, follicle-stimulating hormone (FSH and insulin levels. Methods: transversal study on 40 patients with PCOS divided into two groups: Group I (n = 20- obese women (body mass index - BMI > or = 28 kg/m², and Group II (n = 20 - non obese women (BMI <28 kg/m². Results: BMI was different between the two groups (p=0.04. We observed that leptin concentrations were significantly correlated with BMI (p<0.001. After adjusting for BMI, no correlation between leptin, insulin (p=0.194, FSH (p=0.793, and total (p=0.441 and free (p=0.422 testosterone was found. However, we only observed positive correlations between leptin and estradiol (p=0.043. Conclusions: there is a strong correlation between leptin levels, BMI and estradiol levels in women with PCOS.

  5. Leptin and autoimmune disease.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Fujita, Yoshimasa

    2017-01-01

      Leptin is secreted from adipocytes and acts mainly on the hypothalamus causing weight loss due to suppression of appetite and increased energy expenditure. On the other hand, the leptin receptor is also expressed in hematopoietic cells and its action on the immune system has become known, and the significance of leptin in autoimmune diseases has gradually become clear. It has been shown that leptin acts as an exacerbating factor in many autoimmune diseases and it is suggested that inhibition of leptin signal may be a novel therapeutic method for autoimmune diseases. In this article, we will outline the significance of leptin in the immune system based on the current reports.

  6. Role of leptin in reverse epidemiology in chronic kidney disease.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Scholze, Alexandra; Tepel, Martin

    2007-01-01

    Leptin is mainly produced by adipocytes and metabolized in the kidney. Leptin is taken up into the central nervous system by a saturable transport system, and controls appetite in rodents and in healthy subjects. Leptin acts on peripheral tissue and increases the inflammatory response by stimulating the production of tumor necrosis factor alpha, interleukin-6 and interleukin-12. In healthy humans, serum leptin concentration is related to the size of adipose tissue mass in the body. The majority of obese subjects have inappropriately high levels of circulating plasma leptin concentrations, indicating leptin resistance. In healthy subjects increased leptin concentration constitutes a biomarker for increased cardiovascular risk. On the other hand, a recent prospective long-term study in patients with chronic kidney disease stage 5 on hemodialysis therapy showed that reduced serum leptin concentration is an independent risk factor for mortality in these patients.

  7. Role of leptin in reverse epidemiology in chronic kidney disease

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Scholze, Alexandra; Tepel, Martin

    2007-01-01

    Leptin is mainly produced by adipocytes and metabolized in the kidney. Leptin is taken up into the central nervous system by a saturable transport system, and controls appetite in rodents and in healthy subjects. Leptin acts on peripheral tissue and increases the inflammatory response......, indicating leptin resistance. In healthy subjects increased leptin concentration constitutes a biomarker for increased cardiovascular risk. On the other hand, a recent prospective long-term study in patients with chronic kidney disease stage 5 on hemodialysis therapy showed that reduced serum leptin...... by stimulating the production of tumor necrosis factor alpha, interleukin-6 and interleukin-12. In healthy humans, serum leptin concentration is related to the size of adipose tissue mass in the body. The majority of obese subjects have inappropriately high levels of circulating plasma leptin concentrations...

  8. 妊高征患者治疗前后血浆leptin和血清Hcy、NPY检测的临床价值%Clinical Evaluation of Determination the Changes of Plasma Leptin,Serum Hcy and NPY Levels After Treatment in Patients with Pregnancy Induced Hypertension(PIH)

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    陈晓超

    2012-01-01

    Objective To explore the clinical significance of changes on plasma leptin, serum Hcy and NPY levels after treatment in patients with pregnancy induced hypertension ( PIH). Methods plasma leptin, serum NPY ( with RIA ) and Hcy ( with ELISA) , levels were determined in 33 patients with PIH both before and after treatment as well as in 35 normal controls. Results Before treatment plasma leptin and serum Hcy, NPY levels in patients with PIH were significantly higher than those in controls (P < 0.01). After 1 month of treatment"the levels dropped markedly but still remained notably higher ( P < 0. 05 ) . Conclusion Plasma leptin, serum Hcy and NPY levels were closely related to the diseases of PIH. Such changes has been recognized to be used observing efficacy of therapy and prognosis.%目的:探讨了妊高征患者治疗前后血浆leptin和血清Hcy、NPY水平的变化及临床意义.方法:应用放免法和酶联法对33例妊高征患者进行了治疗前后血浆leptin和血清Hcy、NPY检测,并与35例正常健康人作比较.结果:妊高征患者在治疗前血浆leptin和血清Hcy、NPY均非常显著地高于正常人组(P<0.01),经治疗1个月后与正常人组比较仍有显著性差异(P<0.05).结论:检测妊高征患者血浆leptin和血清Hcy、NPY水平的变化已被认可用于疗效观察和预后判断.

  9. The Effects of Leptin on Breastfeeding Behaviour

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Anna M. Cannon

    2015-09-01

    Full Text Available Breastfed infants have a reduced risk of becoming overweight and/or obese later in life. This protective effect has been partly attributed to leptin present in breastmilk. This study investigated 24-h variations of skim milk leptin and its relationship with breastmilk macronutrients and infant breastfeeding patterns. Exclusive breastfeeding mothers of term singletons (n = 19; age 10 ± 5 weeks collected pre- and post-feed breastmilk samples for every breastfeed over a 24-h period and test-weighed their infants to determine milk intake at every breastfeed over a 24-h period. Samples (n = 454 were analysed for leptin, protein, lactose and fat content. Skim milk leptin concentration did not change with feeding (p = 0.184. However, larger feed volumes (>105 g were associated with a decrease in post-feed leptin levels (p = 0.009. There was no relationship between the change in leptin levels and change in protein (p = 0.313 or lactose levels (p = 0.587 between pre- and post-feed milk, but there was a trend for a positive association with changes in milk fat content (p = 0.056. Leptin concentration significantly increased at night (p < 0.001 indicating a possible 24-h pattern. Leptin dose (ng was not associated with the time between feeds (p = 0.232. Further research should include analysis of whole breastmilk and other breastmilk fractions to extend these findings.

  10. Serum inhibin and leptin: Risk factors for pre-eclampsia?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Chrelias, Georgios; Makris, Georgios-Marios; Papanota, Aristea-Maria; Spathis, Aris; Salamalekis, Georgios; Sergentanis, Theodoros N; Rizos, Demetrios; Karakitsos, Petros; Chrelias, Charalampos

    2016-12-01

    Pre-eclampsia and eclampsia are parts of the broader spectrum of hypertensive disorders complicating pregnancy. This study aims to examine the association between serum inhibin and leptin levels and pre-eclampsia. This study included 98 consecutive cases of pregnant women with pre-eclampsia, together with their 98 pregnant controls, matched for age, gestational week and time period of delivery. Maternal venous blood samples were obtained within 24h before delivery. In addition to serum inhibin and leptin, birth order, multiple pregnancy, maternal age, maternal overweight/obesity, maternal education, maternal smoking and family history of diabetes/hypertension, were examined as risk factors. Multivariate logistic regression analysis was performed. At the univariate analysis, serum inhibin and leptin levels were significantly higher in cases vs. Pre-eclampsia occurred more frequently in primiparous women, whereas overweight and obesity were also associated with pre-eclampsia. At the multivariate analysis, higher serum inhibin levels were associated with pre-eclampsia (multivariate OR=1.09, 95%CI: 1.03-1.17, p=0.004, increase per 0.1ng/mL). On the other hand, leptin was not independently associated with the occurrence of pre-eclampsia (multivariate OR=1.02, 95%CI: 0.95-1.09, p=0.631, increase per 10ng/mL). Elevated serum inhibin levels seem to be associated with pre-eclampsia, reflecting placental dysfunction. Increased serum leptin levels may merely reflect an elevated maternal body mass index, which is a well-known risk factor for pre-eclampsia. Copyright © 2016 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.

  11. Leptin as well as Free Leptin Receptor Is Associated with Polycystic Ovary Syndrome in Young Women

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    Nasser M. Rizk

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available Background and Aim. Leptin has two forms in the circulation: free and bound forms. The soluble leptin receptor (sOB-R circulates in the blood and can bind to leptin. The aim of this study is to assess the concentrations of the leptin and the sOB-R in PCOS and its relation to adiposity, insulin resistance, and androgens. Methods. A cross-sectional study included 78 female students aged 17–25 years. Fasting serum leptin and sOB-R concentrations were measured. The anthropometric variables and the hormonal profile such as insulin, female and male sex hormones, and prolactin were assessed. Results. In PCOS, leptin level (ng/ml and free leptin index (FLI increased significantly while sOB-R (ng/ml significantly decreased compared to control subjects. In age-matched subjects, obese PCOS had increased leptin level in ng/ml (median level with interquartile levels of 45.67 (41.98–48.04 and decreased sOB-R in ng/ml 11.47 (7.59–16.44 compared to lean PCOS 16.97 (10.60–45.55 for leptin and 16.62 (11.61–17.96 for sOB-R with p values 0.013 and 0.042, respectively. However, body mass index (BMI is significantly correlated with leptin and s-OBR, while no significant correlations with parameters of insulin resistance were detected. Conclusion. PCOS is associated with hyperleptinemia and increased free leptin index. Decreased sOB-R could be a compensatory mechanism for the defective action of leptin.

  12. Adiponectin, leptin and IL-1 β in elderly diabetic patients with mild cognitive impairment.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gorska-Ciebiada, Malgorzata; Saryusz-Wolska, Malgorzata; Borkowska, Anna; Ciebiada, Maciej; Loba, Jerzy

    2016-04-01

    The aim of the study was to determine the serum levels of adiponectin, leptin and IL-1 β in elderly diabetic patients with and without mild cognitive impairment (MCI) and to examine the associations of these markers with clinical and cognitive parameters. A biochemical evaluation was performed of 62 seniors with type 2 diabetes (T2DM) and MCI, and 132 seniors with T2DM but without MCI (controls). Serum leptin and IL-1 β levels were higher and adiponectin concentration was lower in MCI patients than controls. In MCI subjects, adiponectin level was negatively correlated with leptin, IL-1 β levels and BMI. Leptin concentration was correlated with IL-1 β level. Univariate logistic regression models revealed that the factors which increased the likelihood of diagnosis of MCI in elderly patients with T2DM were higher levels of HbA1c, leptin, IL-1 β and triglycerides, as well as lower levels of adiponectin and HDL cholesterol. Similarly, previous CVD, hypertension, hyperlipidemia, retinopathy, nephropathy, hypoglycemia, longer duration of diabetes, increased number of co-morbidities, older age, fewer years of formal education were found to be associated with MCI. The multivariable model indicated fewer years of formal education, previous CVD, hypertension, increased number of co-morbidities, higher HbA1c and IL-1 β levels and lower adiponectin level. Elderly diabetic patients with MCI have higher levels of leptin and IL-1 β and lower levels of adiponectin. Further prospective studies are needed to determine the role of these markers in the progression to dementia.

  13. Leptin produced by obese adipose stromal/stem cells enhances proliferation and metastasis of estrogen receptor positive breast cancers.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Strong, Amy L; Ohlstein, Jason F; Biagas, Brandi A; Rhodes, Lyndsay V; Pei, Dorothy T; Tucker, H Alan; Llamas, Claire; Bowles, Annie C; Dutreil, Maria F; Zhang, Shijia; Gimble, Jeffrey M; Burow, Matthew E; Bunnell, Bruce A

    2015-08-19

    The steady increase in the incidence of obesity among adults has been paralleled with higher levels of obesity-associated breast cancer. While recent studies have suggested that adipose stromal/stem cells (ASCs) isolated from obese women enhance tumorigenicity, the mechanism(s) by which this occurs remains undefined. Evidence suggests that increased adiposity results in increased leptin secretion from adipose tissue, which has been shown to increased cancer cell proliferation. Previously, our group demonstrated that ASCs isolated from obese women (obASCs) also express higher levels of leptin relative to ASCs isolated from lean women (lnASCs) and that this obASC-derived leptin may account for enhanced breast cancer cell growth. The current study investigates the impact of inhibiting leptin expression in lnASCs and obASCs on breast cancer cell (BCC) growth and progression. Estrogen receptor positive (ER+) BCCs were co-cultured with leptin shRNA lnASCs or leptin shRNA obASCs and changes in the proliferation, migration, invasion, and gene expression of BCCs were investigated. To assess the direct impact of leptin inhibition in obASCs on BCC proliferation, MCF7 cells were injected alone or mixed with control shRNA obASCs or leptin shRNA obASCs into SCID/beige mice. ER+ BCCs were responsive to obASCs during direct co-culture, whereas lnASCs were unable to increase ER(+) BCC growth. shRNA silencing of leptin in obASCs negated the enhanced proliferative effects of obASC on BCCs following direct co-culture. BCCs co-cultured with obASCs demonstrated enhanced expression of epithelial-to-mesenchymal transition (EMT) and metastasis genes (SERPINE1, MMP-2, and IL-6), while BCCs co-cultured with leptin shRNA obASCs did not display similar levels of gene induction. Knockdown of leptin significantly reduced tumor volume and decreased the number of metastatic lesions to the lung and liver. These results correlated with reduced expression of both SERPINE1 and MMP-2 in tumors formed

  14. Selective leptin resistance revisited

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-01-01

    In addition to effects on appetite and metabolism, leptin influences many neuroendocrine and physiological systems, including the sympathetic nervous system. Building on my Carl Ludwig Lecture of the American Physiological Society, I review the sympathetic and cardiovascular actions of leptin. The review focuses on a critical analysis of the concept of selective leptin resistance (SLR) and the role of leptin in the pathogenesis of obesity-induced hypertension in both experimental animals and humans. We introduced the concept of SLR in 2002 to explain how leptin might increase blood pressure (BP) in obese states, such as diet-induced obesity (DIO), that are accompanied by partial leptin resistance. This concept, analogous to selective insulin resistance in the metabolic syndrome, holds that in several genetic and acquired models of obesity, there is preservation of the renal sympathetic and pressor actions of leptin despite attenuation of the appetite and weight-reducing actions. Two potential overlapping mechanisms of SLR are reviewed: 1) differential leptin molecular signaling pathways that mediate selective as opposed to universal leptin action and 2) brain site-specific leptin action and resistance. Although the phenomenon of SLR in DIO has so far focused on preservation of sympathetic and BP actions of leptin, consideration should be given to the possibility that this concept may extend to preservation of other actions of leptin. Finally, I review perplexing data on the effects of leptin on sympathetic activity and BP in humans and its role in human obesity-induced hypertension. PMID:23883674

  15. Acute effects of a single warm-water bath on serum adiponectin and leptin levels in healthy men: A pilot study

    Science.gov (United States)

    Shimodozono, Megumi; Matsumoto, Shuji; Ninomiya, Koji; Miyata, Ryuji; Ogata, Atsuko; Etoh, Seiji; Watanabe, Satoshi; Kawahira, Kazumi

    2012-09-01

    To preliminarily assess the acute effects of a single warm -water bath (WWB) on serum adipokine activity, we measured serum adiponectin, leptin and other metabolic profiles before, immediately after and 30 minutes after WWB in seven healthy male volunteers (mean age, 39.7 ± 6.0 years; mean body mass index, 21.6 ± 1.8 kg/m2). The subjects were immersed in tap water at 41°C for 10 minutes. Two weeks later, the same subjects underwent a single WWB with a bath additive that included inorganic salts and carbon dioxide (WWB with ISCO2) by the same protocol as for the first WWB. Leptin levels significantly increased immediately after WWB with tap water and ISCO2 (both P Adiponectin levels showed a slight, but not significant, increase both immediately after and 30 minutes after WWB with tap water or ISCO2. Some parameters, such as serum total cholesterol, red blood cell count, hemoglobin and hematocrit significantly increased immediately after WWB with tap water or ISCO2 (all P adiponectin profiles in healthy men.

  16. Developmental changes in the hypothalamic mRNA expression levels of brain-derived neurotrophic factor and serum leptin levels: Their responses to fasting in male and female rats.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Iwasa, Takeshi; Matsuzaki, Toshiya; Yano, Kiyohito; Munkhzaya, Munkhsaikhan; Tungalagsuvd, Altankhuu; Yiliyasi, Maira; Kuwahara, Akira; Irahara, Minoru

    2016-11-01

    The actions and responses of hypothalamic appetite regulatory factors change markedly during the neonatal to pre-pubertal period in order to maintain appropriate metabolic and nutritional conditions. In this study, we examined the developmental changes in the hypothalamic mRNA levels of brain-derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF), which is a potent anorectic factor and the changes in the sensitivity of the hypothalamic expression of this factor to fasting during the neonatal to pre-pubertal period. Under fed conditions, hypothalamic BDNF mRNA expression decreased during development in both male and female rats. Similarly, the serum levels of leptin, which is a positive regulator of hypothalamic BDNF expression, also tended to fall during the developmental period. The serum leptin level and the hypothalamic BDNF mRNA level were found to be positively correlated in both sexes under the fed conditions. Hypothalamic BDNF mRNA expression was decreased by 24h fasting (separating the rats from their mothers) in the early neonatal period (postnatal day 10) in both males and females, but no such changes were seen at postnatal day 20. Twenty-four hours' fasting (food deprivation) did not affect hypothalamic BDNF mRNA expression in the pre-pubertal period (postnatal day 30). On the other hand, the rats' serum leptin levels were decreased by 24h fasting (separating the rats from their mothers at postnatal day 10 and 20, and food deprivation at postnatal day 30) throughout the early neonatal to pre-pubertal period. The correlation between serum leptin and hypothalamic BDNF mRNA levels was not significant under the fasted conditions. It can be speculated that leptin partially regulates hypothalamic BDNF mRNA levels, but only in fed conditions. Such changes in hypothalamic BDNF expression might play a role in maintaining appropriate metabolic and nutritional conditions and promoting normal physical development. In addition, because maternal separation induces a negative energy

  17. Site-specific circadian expression of leptin and its receptor in human adipose tissue

    Science.gov (United States)

    Circadian variability of circulating leptin levels has been well established over the last decade. However, the circadian behavior of leptin in human adipose tissue remains unknown. This also applies to the soluble leptin receptor. We investigated the ex vivo circadian behavior of leptin and its rec...

  18. Leptin-induced downregulation of the rat hippocampal somatostatinergic system may potentiate its anorexigenic effects.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Perianes-Cachero, Arancha; Burgos-Ramos, Emma; Puebla-Jiménez, Lilian; Canelles, Sandra; Viveros, María Paz; Mela, Virginia; Chowen, Julie A; Argente, Jesús; Arilla-Ferreiro, Eduardo; Barrios, Vicente

    2012-12-01

    The learning and memory mechanisms in the hippocampus translate hormonal signals of energy balance into behavioral outcomes involved in the regulation of food intake. As leptin and its receptors are expressed in the hippocampus and somatostatin (SRIF), an orexigenic neuropeptide, may inhibit leptin-mediated suppression of food intake in other brain areas, we asked whether chronic leptin infusion induces changes in the hippocampal somatostatinergic system and whether these modifications are involved in leptin-mediated effects. We studied 18 male Wistar rats divided into three groups: controls (C), treated intracerebroventricularly (icv) with leptin (12 μg/day) for 14 days (L) and a pair-fed group (PF) that received the same amount of food consumed by the L group. Food restriction increased whereas leptin decreased the hippocampal SRIF receptor density, due to changes in SRIF receptor 2 protein levels. These changes in the PF group were concurrent with an increase of hippocampal G protein-coupled receptor kinase 2 protein levels and activation of Akt and cyclic AMP response element binding protein. The inhibitory effect of SRIF on adenylyl cyclase (AC) activity, however, was decreased in L rats, coincident with lower G inhibitory α3 and higher AC-I levels as well as signal transducer and activator of transcription factor 3 activation. In addition, 20 male Wistar rats were included to analyze whether the leptin antagonist L39A/D40A/F41A and the SRIF receptor agonist SMS 201-995 modify SRIF signaling and food intake, respectively. Administration of L39A/D40A/F41A reversed changes in SRIF signaling, whereas SMS 201-995 ameliorated food consumption in L. Altogether, these results suggest that increased somatostatinergic tone in PF rats may be a mechanism to improve the hippocampal orexigenic effects in a situation of metabolic demand, whereas down-regulation of this system in L rats may represent a mechanism to enhance the anorexigenic effects of leptin.

  19. Effects of leptin on human breast cancer cell lines in relationship to estrogen receptor and HER2 status.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ray, Amitabha; Nkhata, Katai J; Cleary, Margot P

    2007-06-01

    Obesity is a risk factor for postmenopausal breast cancer and is associated with poor prognosis. Leptin, a cytokine synthesized in adipose tissue, has been implicated as a link between obesity and breast cancer. In the present study, the effects of leptin on cell proliferation and proteins associated with leptin signaling and/or breast cell growth were investigated in ER-positive, MCF-7, T47-D and MDA-MB-361, and ER-negative, MDA-MB-231 and SK-BR-3, breast cancer cell lines. MDA-MB-361 and SK-BR-3 also overexpress HER2/neu. For proliferation assays, 96-well plates were used and for protein determinations cells were synchronized in 6-well plates for 18-24 h in serum-free medium. Leptin was added at 0, 5, 10, 25, 50 and 100 ng/ml for 24 and 48 h. For Western blot analyses, protein extracts were probed for Ob-Rb, Ob-R, leptin, Jak2, PI3K, Stat3, p-Stat3, PCNA, cyclin D1, Cox-2, VEGF, Bcl-2, Bcl-xL, Bax, insulin, IGF-I, IGFBP3, IGF-IRalpha, aromatase, CYP1A1 and CYP1B1. Overall, except for MCF-7 cells, leptin stimulated proliferation in all lines. MCF-7 cells expressed higher levels of Ob-Rb, Jak2, PI3K, Stat3 and p-Stat3 in a dose-dependent manner to 50 ng/ml at 24 h; and IGF-IRalpha increased at 24 h. Cyclin D1 and Cox-2 levels increased with leptin treatment. Higher CYP1B1 expression was observed at both 24 and 48 h. In MDA-MB-231 cells, p-Stat3 and Bcl-xL were increased at 48 h; whereas PCNA and cyclin D1 expression increased in leptin-treated cells at 24 and 48 h. In T47-D cells, Jak2 and Stat3 were elevated at higher leptin concentrations at 24 and 48 h. However, p-Stat3 and PCNA demonstrated an increase only in 48-h leptin-treated cells. Furthermore, cyclin D1 exhibited higher expression at both 24 and 48 h, while Bcl-xL expression was lower with increasing concentrations of leptin at 48 h. In MDA-MB-361 cells, Ob-Rb and VEGF increased at 24 and 48 h; whereas PI3K, Stat3, PCNA and insulin levels increased in leptin-treated MDA-MB-361 cells after 48 h. Bcl-2 and

  20. In ovo leptin administration affects hepatic lipid metabolism and microRNA expression in newly hatched broiler chickens

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Hu Yan

    2012-06-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background A leptin-like immunoreactive substance has been found in chicken eggs and has been implicated in serving as a maternal signal to program offspring growth and metabolism. In the present study, we investigated the effects of in ovo leptin administration on hatch weight, serum and hepatic concentrations of metabolites and hormones, as well as on the expression of genes involved in hepatic lipid metabolism and the predicted microRNAs (miRNAs targeting the affected genes. To this end we injected fertile eggs with either 0.5 μg of recombinant murine leptin or vehicle (PBS before incubation. Results Prenatally leptin-exposed chicks showed lower hatch weight, but higher liver weight relative to the body weight, compared to the control group. In ovo leptin treatment increased the hepatic content and serum concentration of leptin in newly hatched chickens. The hepatic contents of triglycerides (TG and total cholesterol (Tch were decreased, whereas the serum levels of TG, Tch and apolipoprotein B (ApoB were increased. The hepatic mRNA expression of sterol regulator element binding protein 1 (SREBP-1c, SREBP-2, hydroxy-3-methylglutaryl coenzyme A reductase (HMGCR and cholesterol 7α-hydroxylase 1 (CYP7A1 was significantly up-regulated, as was the protein content of both SREBP-1c and SREBP-2 in hepatic nuclear extracts of leptin-treated chickens. Moreover, out of 12 miRNAs targeting SREBP-1c and/or HMGCR, five were significantly up-regulated in liver of leptin-treated chicks, including gga-miR-200b and gga-miR-429, which target both SREBP-1c and HMGCR. Conclusions These results suggest that leptin in ovo decreases hatch weight, and modifies hepatic leptin secretion and lipid metabolism in newly hatched broiler chickens, possibly via microRNA-mediated gene regulation.

  1. 瘦素及瘦素受体基因多态性与重度子痫前期发病的相关性%Association of leptin level and leptin receptor gene polymorphisms with susceptibility to severe pre-eclampsia

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    管立学; 高丽; 高颖; 李海波; 于凤飞; 杜欣莹; 江洪

    2011-01-01

    Objective To evaluate the association of serum leptin concentrations and polymorphisms of G1019A and A223G of leptin receptor gene (LEPR) with severe pre-eclampsia.Methods A case-control study was carried out in 207 patients with severe pre-eclampsia (SPE group) and 252 healthy pregnant women (control group) during the third trimester of pregnancy.The serum leptin was determined by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay.The polymorphisms of LEPR gene G1019A and A223G were detected by polymerase chain reaction-restriction fragment length polymorphism (PCR-RFLP) analysis.Miettinen's test was used to estimate the odds ratios (OR) and 95% confidence intervals (CI).Results (1) In severe pre-eclampsia group,serum leptin levels and rate of premature infant birth were significantly higher than that in normal pregnant women,and birth weight was lower than that in controls (P<0.01).(2)The frequencies of GA genotype and G allele for LEPR gene G1019A in SPE group (33.8% and 20.3%) were markedly higher than that in controls ( 19.8 % and 15.1% ) (P< 0.01),and the carriers of GA genotype and G allele were more frequent in SPE group than in control group,resulting in an OR 2.04 (95%CI:0.77-5.42) and 1.43 (95% CI:1.02-2.01) to develop severe pre-eclampsia,compared with carriers of AA genotype and A allele.(3) AG genotype and A allele frequencies of LEPR gene A223G in SPE group (19.3% and 12.6%) were significantly lower than that in controls (34.5% and 19.2%) (P<0.01),resulting in an OR of 0.46 (95%CI:0.30-0.71) and 0.60 (95%CI:0.42-0.87) to develop severe preeclampsia,compared with subjects with GG genotype and G allele.(4) The “1019AA+223AG” genotype frequency was significantly lower in SPE group (6.8%) than in controls (24.6%) (P<0.01),resulting in an OR of 0.22 (95 % CI:0.12-0.39) to develop severe pre-eclampsia,while the “ 1019GA + 223GG” was significantly higher in SPE group (22.2%) than in controls (11.9%) (P<0.05),resulting in

  2. Niveles séricos de leptina y su relación con la excreción de sodio en niños y adolescentes obesos Relationship between serum leptin levels and sodium excretion in a local population of obese children and adolescents

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    A. Maskin de Jensen

    2011-09-01

    compared with controls for both sexes and in different age groups. The obese population has higher leptin/BMI (ng/ml/IMC and lower concentrations of urinary sodium in the different groups/subgroups: OB girls 5 to 9 years of age Nao 2.69 ± 0.19, leptin/BMI 0.63 ± 0.06; OB girls 10 to 15 years Nao 2.20 ± 0.17, leptin/BMI 1.11± 0.12; OB boys 5 to 9 years Nao 2.07± 0.16, leptin/BMI 0.80 ± 0.15; OB boys 10 to 15 years Nao 2.57 ± 0.23, leptin/BMI 0.65 ± 0.09. Our study suggest that elevated serum leptin levels, typical of conditions such as obesity, may contribute to alterations in sodium metabolism, due to decreased urinary excretion of this ion.

  3. Expression of Leptin Long-form Receptor mRNA in Luteinized Granulosa Cells of Obese Women with Polycystic Ovary Syndrome

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    YIN Jie; LIU Yi; LV Liqun; WANG Donghua; GONG Cheng; XIAO Wei; SHENG Hui

    2007-01-01

    To investigate the expression of mRNA of leptin long-form receptor (OB-Rb) in luteinized granulosa cells of obese women with polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS), and to determine the role of leptin in the physiopathology of PCOS, luteinized granulosa cells were collected from the follicle fluid of 10 obese women who met the diagnostic criteria for PCOS and their BMI was equal to or greater than 25 kg/m2, and at the same time, granulosa cells were collected from 10 normal women undergoing IVF-ET who served as the control group. Some luteinized granulosa cells were taken from normal women for in-vitro culture, into which human leptin of different concentrations was added (0, 10, 100 and 1000 ng/mL). After stimulation with leptin for 48 h, RT-PCR was employed for the detection of the expression of OB-RLmRNA in the luteinized granulosa cells. Our results showed that the level of OB-RLmRNA in luteinized granulosa cells of obese PCOS women was higher than those in the control (P<0.05). In luteinized granulosa cells cultured in vitro and stimulated by human leptin for 48 h, the level of OB-RLmRNA was higher than those without leptin stimulation (P<0.01), and when leptin concentration was at 100 ng/mL, and the level of OB-RLmRNA reached a peak. It is concluded that in obese PCOS women, the level of serum leptin is increased, which promotes the expression of OB-RL in luteinized granulosa cells and increases the sensitivity of the granulosa cells to leptin. Leptin may contribute to anovulation in obese women with PCOS.

  4. Interactions between leptin and hypothalamic neuropeptide Y neurons in the control of food intake and energy homeostasis in the rat.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wang, Q; Bing, C; Al-Barazanji, K; Mossakowaska, D E; Wang, X M; McBay, D L; Neville, W A; Taddayon, M; Pickavance, L; Dryden, S; Thomas, M E; McHale, M T; Gloyer, I S; Wilson, S; Buckingham, R; Arch, J R; Trayhurn, P; Williams, G

    1997-03-01

    Leptin acts on the brain to inhibit feeding, increase thermogenesis, and decrease body weight. Neuropeptide Y (NPY)-ergic neurons of the hypothalamic arcuate nucleus (ARC) that project to the paraventricular nuclei (PVN) and dorsomedial nuclei (DMH) are postulated to control energy balance by stimulating feeding and inhibiting thermogenesis, especially under conditions of energy deficit. We investigated whether leptin's short-term effects on energy balance are mediated by inhibition of the NPY neurons. Recombinant murine leptin (11 microg) injected into the lateral ventricle of fasted adult Wistar rats inhibited food intake by 20-25% between 2 and 6 h after administration, compared with saline-treated controls (P ARC, PVN, and DMH and significantly decreased hypothalamic NPY mRNA levels (0.61 +/- 0.02 vs. 0.78 +/- 0.03 arbitrary units; P 0.1), but plasma leptin levels were significantly higher (4.88 +/- 0.66 vs. 2.85 +/- 0.20 ng/ml; P ARC-PVN projection; reduced NPY release in the PVN may mediate leptin's hypophagic and thermogenic actions. Conversely, NPY-induced obesity results in raised circulating leptin concentrations. Leptin and the NPY-ergic ARC-PVN neurons may interact in a homeostatic loop to regulate body fat mass and energy balance.

  5. Leptin promotes endothelial dysfunction in chronic kidney disease through AKT/GSK3β and β-catenin signals.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ding, Nannan; Liu, Bing; Song, Jiaguang; Bao, Shougang; Zhen, Junhui; Lv, Zhimei; Wang, Rong

    2016-11-25

    Endothelial dysfunction (ED) is a well-recognized instigator of cardiovascular diseases and develops in chronic kidney disease (CKD) with high rate. Recent studies have implicated that leptin is associated with endothelial dysfunction. We investigated the relationship between leptin and markers of ED in CKD patients and how leptin contributed to endothelial damage. 140 CKD patients and 140 healthy subjects were studied. Serum leptin levels were significantly higher in CKD than in controls and displayed significantly positive association with the increase levels of sICAM-1 and sVCAM-1 but negative correlation with flow-mediated dilatation (FMD) reduction in patients. Our in vitro study demonstrated that leptin induced overexpression of ICAM-1 and VCAM-1, led to f-actin reorganization and vinculin assembly, increased endothelial monolayer permeability for FITC-dextran, and accelerated endothelial cell migration; these changes were markedly reversed when the cells were transfected with AKT or β-catenin shRNA vectors. Notably, high leptin resulted in hyper-phosphorylation of AKT and GSK3β, along with nuclear accumulation of β-catenin. In conclusion, serum leptin was elevated in CKD patients and it might contribute to endothelial dysfunction by disarrangement of f-actin cytoskeleton via a mechanism involving the AKT/GSK3β and β-catenin pathway.

  6. Effect of aerobic training on plasma levels and subcutaneous abdominal adipose tissue gene expression of adiponectin, leptin, interleukin 6, and tumor necrosis factor alpha in obese women.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Polak, Jan; Klimcakova, Eva; Moro, Cedric; Viguerie, Nathalie; Berlan, Michel; Hejnova, Jindriska; Richterova, Blanka; Kraus, Ivan; Langin, Dominique; Stich, Vladimir

    2006-10-01

    Adipocytokines secreted by adipose tissue are suggested to play a role in the development of obesity-related complications. Regular aerobic exercise has been shown to reduce the risk of metabolic complications in obese subjects. The aim of this study was to investigate the effect of aerobic training on gene expression in subcutaneous abdominal adipose tissue (SCAAT) and on plasma levels of several adipocytokines in obese women. Twenty-five obese sedentary premenopausal women (body mass index, 32.18 +/- 3.17 kg/m(2)) underwent a 12-week aerobic exercise program, with a frequency of 5 d/wk and intensity corresponding to 50% of individual maximal oxygen consumption (V(.-)(O(2)max)) consisting of 2 sessions per week of supervised aerobic exercise and 3 sessions per week of home-based exercise on a bicycle ergometer. Before and after the aerobic training, (V(.-)(O(2)max)) and body composition were measured and plasma and SCAAT biopsy samples (in a subgroup of 8 subjects) were obtained for determination of plasma and messenger RNA levels of adipocytokines (leptin, adiponectin, interleukin 6, tumor necrosis factor alpha). The aerobic training resulted in an increase of subjects' V o(2)max by 12.8% (24.6 +/- 3.9 vs 27.7 +/- 4.8 mL x min(-1) x kg(-1), P < .05). Body weight and fat mass were reduced by 5.9% (88.5 +/- 8.2 vs 83.3 +/- 7.7 kg, P < .001) and 6.4% (38.8 +/- 4.2% vs 36.3 +/- 4.6%, P < .001), respectively, and the revised QUantitative Insulin sensitivity ChecK Index (QUICKI) increased (0.43 +/- 0.06 vs 0.48 +/- 0.06, P < .05) during the aerobic training. No aerobic training-induced changes in messenger RNA levels of the investigated genes in SCAAT were observed. A decrease of plasma leptin (24.3 +/- 8.7 vs 18.1 +/- 8.3 ng/mL, P < .05) was detected, whereas plasma levels of other cytokines remained unchanged. In moderately obese females, 3 months' aerobic training did not promote changes in the adipose tissue gene expression or plasma levels of the adipocytokines

  7. The role of BDNF, leptin, and catecholamines in reward learning in bulimia nervosa.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Homan, Philipp; Grob, Simona; Milos, Gabriella; Schnyder, Ulrich; Eckert, Anne; Lang, Undine; Hasler, Gregor

    2014-12-07

    A relationship between bulimia nervosa and reward-related behavior is supported by several lines of evidence. The dopaminergic dysfunctions in the processing of reward-related stimuli have been shown to be modulated by the neurotrophin brain derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF) and the hormone leptin. Using a randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled, crossover design, a reward learning task was applied to study the behavior of 20 female subjects with remitted bulimia nervosa and 27 female healthy controls under placebo and catecholamine depletion with alpha-methyl-para-tyrosine (AMPT). The plasma levels of BDNF and leptin were measured twice during the placebo and the AMPT condition, immediately before and 1 hour after a standardized breakfast. AMPT-induced differences in plasma BDNF levels were positively correlated with the AMPT-induced differences in reward learning in the whole sample (P=.05). Across conditions, plasma brain derived neurotrophic factor levels were higher in remitted bulimia nervosa subjects compared with controls (diagnosis effect; P=.001). Plasma BDNF and leptin levels were higher in the morning before compared with after a standardized breakfast across groups and conditions (time effect; Pbulimia nervosa and controls. A role of leptin in reward learning is not supported by this study. However, leptin levels were sensitive to a depletion of catecholamine stores in both remitted bulimia nervosa and controls. © The Author 2015. Published by Oxford University Press on behalf of CINP.

  8. Serum leptin, C-reactive protein, and cancer mortality in the NHANES III.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wulaningsih, Wahyu; Holmberg, Lars; Ng, Tony; Rohrmann, Sabine; Van Hemelrijck, Mieke

    2016-01-01

    Adipokines, such as leptin, may affect cancer through its link with inflammation and obesity. We investigated the association between leptin, C-reactive protein, and risk of cancer death while accounting general and abdominal obesity. From the Third National Health and Examination Survey (NHANES III), we selected 5957 adult men and women with baseline measurements of serum leptin and CRP. Multivariable Cox regression was used to assess leptin and CRP levels (low, moderate, high) in relation to risk of cancer death. Stratification analyses were performed for obesity as defined by body mass index (BMI) and waist circumference. Fine and Gray regression was performed to account for death from cardiovascular disease and other causes as competing events. A total of 385 participants died of cancer during a mean follow-up of 18 years. After adjusting for BMI and waist circumference, an inverse association with log-transformed leptin was found for women, with a hazard ratio (HR) of 0.81 (95% confidence interval [CI]: 0.51-1.30) and 0.40 (95% CI: 0.24-0.68) for moderate and high compared to low levels of leptin, respectively; P(trend) = 0.0007). No association for leptin was observed in men, but higher CRP corresponded to increased risk of dying from cancer (HR: 2.98; 95% CI: 1.57-5.64 for the highest vs. lowest categories of CRP). Similar associations were observed with competing risk analysis also adjusted for BMI and waist circumference. Contrasting associations of serum leptin and CRP with cancer mortality may indicate sex-specific biological or environmental pathways linking obesity and cancer in men and women which warrant mechanistic investigations.

  9. Experimental study on precaution osteoporosis by the increase of cerebrospinal fluid leptin level on rabbit model%升高脑脊液瘦素水平预防兔骨质疏松的实验研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    熊成海; 刘保龙; 闫华; 武俏丽; 孙志明

    2016-01-01

    Objective To explore effect of increasing cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) leptin level by administration from the foramen magnum to the cerebellum medulla oblongata pool in osteoporosis in rabbit model established by ovariectomy (OVX) and methylprednisolones.Methods According to certain inclusion and exclusion criteria,30 adult rabbits which were healthy 5-month-old female New Zealand white rabbits with the same batch and weight were divided into 5 groups (n=6) with random number table,including control group,normal saline group,Low dose group,middle dose group and high dose group.The animal model of osteoporosis (OP) was established 8 weeks after ovariectomy (bilateral ovarian resection) and intramuscular injection of methylprednisolone daily for 8 consecutive weeks in all groups.The control group were only simulated puncture and didn't inject any drugs or normal saline,the normal saline group were intracerebroventricular (ICV) injection with NS and Low,Middle and High dose group injected with low,middle and high dose of leptin respectively at 0,3,7 days after OVX.Before (0 week) and 4,8 weeks after the operation,the measure of dual energy X-ray absorptiometry was done on all the rabbits femur and bone mineral density (BMD) was delivered.Before (0 week) and 4,8 weeks after the first administration,leptin in cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) and serum growth hormone (GH),insulin growth factor 1 (IGF-1) and osteocalcin (OT/BGP) were tested with Enzyme linked immunosorbent assay and serum calcium,phosphorus and alkaline phosphatase (ALP) with automatic biochemical analyzer (ACA).The rabbits were sacrificed and the thalamus and femoral neck were harvested to test the expression of leptin receptor (LEPR) in thalamus and bone morphogenetic protein-2 (BMP-2) and type Ⅰ collagen (Col Ⅰ) at 8 weeks after the first administration.Results Compared with the control group and NS group,the cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) leptin concentration of leptin administration groups kept in a higher

  10. Clinical Significance of Changes on Plasma Leptin, Serum NPY and Hcy Levels in Patients with Type 2 Diabetes Complicated with Nephropathy%DM2合并肾病患者血浆leptin和血清NPY、Hcy检测的临床意义

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李兰亚

    2012-01-01

    Objective To explore the clinical significance of changes on plasma leptin, serum NPY and Hey levels in patients with type 2 diabetes complicated with nephropathy. Methods Plasma leptin and serum NPY (with RIA) , serum Hey (with ELISA) levels were measured in 30 DM2 patients without nephropathy 36 patients with nephropathy and 35 normal healthy controls. Results Plasma leptin,serum NPY and Hey levels in the group of patients with diabetes-nephropathy were significantly higher than those in both controls and DM2 patients without nephropathy ( all P < 0.01). Conclusion Detection the change of plasma leptin, serum NPY and Hey levels are colsely related to the clinical values.%目的:探讨2型糖尿病(DM2)合并肾病患者血浆leptin和血清神经肽Y(NPY)、同型半胱氨酸(Hcy)水平的变化及临床意义.方法:应用放射免疫分析和酶联免疫法对36例DM2合并肾病(DM2-N)患者和30例DM2无肾病者进行了血浆leptin和血清NPY、Hcy检测,并与35名正常健康人作比较.结果:DM2各组血浆leptin和血清NPY、Hcy水平均非常显著地高于正常人组(P<0.01),其中合并肾病组与无肾病组比较亦有显著性差异(P<0.01).结论:检测DM2患者血浆leptin和血清NPY、Hcy水平的变化与临床价值密切相关.

  11. Effects of leptin and neuropeptide Y on function of human ovarian granulosa cells in vitro

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Song Qing; Chen Xiao-yan; Cao Zuan-sun; Mao Wen-jun

    2006-01-01

    Objective: To investigate the effects of leptin and neuropeptide Y on steroidogenesis of human ovarian granulosa cells in vitro. Methods: Human ovarian granulosa cells were isolated from follicular fluid obtained during oocyte retrieval of in vitro fertilization-embryo transfer program and cultured for 2 days with various concentration of leptin(1,10,100 ng/ml) or neuropeptide Y (1×10-6, 1×10-7, 1×10-8 mol/L) alone or both,or with the combination of human chorionic gonadotropin (hCG 0, 20 IU/L). The medium was collected for estradiol (E2) and progesterone (P) measurements. Results: (1)Whether hCG existed or not, the adding of leptin did not alter estradiol and progesterone production by human granulosa cells (P>0.05).(2) Only when the concentration of neuropeptide Y was at 1×10-7mol/L,estradiol level was lower than that in the control (P<0.05).(3) The levels of estradiol in neuropeptide Y (1×10-7mol/L) plus hCG group were significantly higher than those with neuropeptide Y alone(P<0.05). (4) In the absence of hCG, the levels of estradiol in neuropeptide Y (1×10-7mol/L)plus leptin (10 ng/ml) group were significantly higher than those with neuropeptide Y(1×10-7mol/L)alone(P<0.05).Conclusions: (1)Leptin alone produced no direct effect on secretion of E2 and P from granulosa cells in vitro.(2)Neuropeptide Y alone may inhibit the secretion of E2, but the inhibition would probably be blocked with the presentation of hCG.(3)Leptin probably blocked the inhibition of neuropeptide Y on E2 secretion, and this may indicate that there were some coordination between leptin and neuropeptid Y on the level of ovarian function.

  12. Mammary gland leptin in relation to lactogenesis in the periparturient dairy goat

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Rasmussen, Alice Neess; Nielsen, Mette Olaf; Tauson, Anne-Helene

    2008-01-01

    The role of leptin in development of mammary gland secretory function was studied during the periparturient period in dairy goats. Changes in mammary leptin and leptin receptor (short cytoplasmic form) expression were evaluated by real-time RT-PCR and related to changes in milk and plasma leptin...... concentrations from 5 weeks pre-partum to 7 weeks post-partum. It was further investigated if systemic leptin concentration in the neonate is affected by milk leptin intake. We found no evidence of accumulation of leptin in colostrum pre-partum. Pre- and post-partum milk leptin concentrations were similar......, but interestingly, leptin increased markedly post-partum to reach a peak 2 days after parturition (P=0.01). Plasma leptin concentrations were higher pre-partum than post-partum (Pleptin across the mammary gland were at no time significantly...

  13. Leptin siRNA promotes ovarian granulosa cell apoptosis and affects steroidogenesis by increasing NPY2 receptor expression.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ding, Xiaomeng; Kou, Xinxin; Zhang, Ye; Zhang, Xiaoli; Cheng, Guomei; Jia, Tianming

    2017-10-30

    Leptin has been found to be involved in the ovarian granulosa cell apoptosis and steroidogenesis. Loss of neuropeptide Y (NPY) can correct the obesity syndrome of mutant mice lacking of leptin (ob/ob). However, the association of NPY and leptin in ovarian granulosa cells and ovarian steroidogenesis has not been investigated. Here, C57BL/6J ob/ob mice and C57BL/6J (control) mice were intraperitoneally injected with PBS, leptin (0.4μg/g bodyweight) or BIIE0246 (NPY2 receptor [NPY2R] antagonist, 30μg/kg bodyweight) every day for 15days. We found that NPY2R mRNA expression in mouse ovary was suppressed by leptin treatment, but increased by leptin deficiency. Leptin or BIIE0246 treatment significantly increased E2, but notably decreased progesterone in both mice. A lower level of E2 and a higher level of progesterone was observed in ob/ob mice than in control mice. Further, we then knocked down leptin expression in human ovarian granulosa cells by siRNA transfection and treated the cells with DMSO or BIIE0246. In vitro experiments confirmed the findings in mice. siLeptin treatment decreased the secretion of E2, anti-Mullerian hormone (AMH), insulin-like growth factor (IGF)-1 and transforming growth factor (TGF)-β, and the cell proliferation, but increased the secretion of progesterone and cell apoptosis. Western blotting analysis of PCNA, Bcl-2 and Bax confirmed the results of cell proliferation and apoptosis. Activation of JAK2 and STAT3 was also suppressed by knocking down leptin. All the effects of siLeptin on ovarian granulosa cells were partially reversed by BIIE0246. In conclusion, knockdown of leptin significantly affected ovarian steroidogenesis and ovarian function through NPY. siLeptin transfection impaired the activation of JAK2/STAT3 and contributed to ovarian granulosa cell apoptosis partially through up-regulating NPY2R expression. Copyright © 2017 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.

  14. Leptin-dependent and leptin-independent paracrine effects of perivascular adipose tissue on neointima formation.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Schroeter, Marco R; Eschholz, Norman; Herzberg, Sebastian; Jerchel, Isabel; Leifheit-Nestler, Maren; Czepluch, Frauke S; Chalikias, Georgios; Konstantinides, Stavros; Schäfer, Katrin

    2013-05-01

    Clinical and experimental evidence suggests that periadventitial adipose tissue may modulate vascular lesion formation. The aim of this study was to determine the role of perivascular leptin expression on neointima formation and to differentiate it from local inflammation and systemically elevated leptin levels. Increased neointima formation after carotid artery injury was observed in hyperleptinemic, diet-induced obese wild-type mice, but not in leptin-deficient ob/ob mice. High-fat diet was associated with increased leptin expression in visceral adipose tissue (VAT) as well as in perivascular adipose tissue. Perivascular leptin overexpression achieved by adenoviral vectors enhanced intimal cell proliferation and neointima formation in wild-type mice, but not in leptin receptor-deficient mice. Perivascular transplantation of VAT from high-fat diet-induced obese wild-type mice around the carotid artery of immunodeficient mice also promoted neointima formation, without affecting body weight or systemic leptin levels, and this effect was absent, if VAT from ob/ob mice was used. On the contrary, perivascular transplantation of VAT from ob/ob mice fed high-fat diet, characterized by marked immune cell accumulation, promoted neointimal hyperplasia also in the absence of leptin. In vitro, recombinant leptin and VAT-conditioned medium increased human arterial smooth muscle cell proliferation in a (partly) leptin-dependent manner. Our findings suggest that locally elevated leptin levels may promote neointima formation, independent of obesity and systemic hyperleptinemia, but also underline the importance of perivascular inflammation in mediating the increased cardiovascular risk in obesity.

  15. Expression pattern of leptin and leptin receptor (OB-R) in human gastric cancer

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Makoto Ishikawa; Joji Kitayama; Hirokazu Nagawa

    2006-01-01

    AIM: To examine the expression of leptin and its receptor, OB-R, in normal gastric mucosa and neoplasia.METHODS: By immunohistochemical staining using specific antibodies, we evaluated the expression of leptin and OB-R in 207 gastric carcinomas (100 early and 107 advanced carcinomas) and analyzed their relationship with clinicopathological features.RESULTS: Both normal gastric epithelium and carcinoma cells expressed a significant level of leptin. In cases with OB-R staining, carcinoma cells showed OB-Rpositive expression, but the intensity was weaker than that in normal mucosa. The expression of OB-R showed a significant correlation with the level of leptin expression. The expression levels of both leptin and OB-R tend ed to increase as the depth of tumor invasion or TMN stage increased (P < 0.01). Lymph node metastasis was detected in 49.5% (47/95) of leptin-strong cases and in 50.5% (48/95) of OB-R-positive cases, and the rate was 33% (37/112) in leptin-weak cases and 17% (19/112) in OB-R-negative cases. Both venous and lymphatic invasion also tended to be observed frequently in positive tumors as compared with negative tumors. Interestingly,in the 96 leptin- or OB-R-positive tumors, hematogenous metastasis was detected preoperatively in 3 (3.1%) patients. In contrast, none of the carcinomas that lacked expression of leptin and OB-R showed hematogenous metastasis.CONCLUSION: Overexpression of leptin and expression of OB-R may play a positive role in the process of progression in gastric cancer. Functional upregulation of leptin/OB-R may have a positive role in the development and initial phase of progression in gastric cancer.

  16. Leptin and dementia over 32 years-The Prospective Population Study of Women.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gustafson, Deborah R; Bäckman, Kristoffer; Lissner, Lauren; Carlsson, Lena; Waern, Margda; Ostling, Svante; Guo, Xinxin; Bengtsson, Calle; Skoog, Ingmar

    2012-07-01

    We have shown that high mid-life central adiposity may increase the risk for dementia after 32 years. Leptin, an adipose tissue hormone, is correlated with adiposity measures and may contribute to a better etiological understanding of the relationship between high adiposity and dementia. We explored the relationship between serum leptin in mid-life and dementia, which is a late-life outcome. A longitudinal cohort study, the Prospective Population Study of Women, in Gothenburg, Sweden, includes a representative sample of 1462 women followed from mid-life ages of 38 to 60 years to late-life ages of 70 to 92 years. Women were examined in 1968, 1974, 1980, 1992, and 2000 using neuropsychiatric, anthropometric, clinical, and other measurements. Serum leptin was measured on samples collected at the 1968 baseline examination, after storage at -20°C for 29 years. Cox proportional hazards regression models estimated incident dementia risk by baseline leptin. Logistic regression models related leptin levels to dementia among surviving participants 32 years later. All models were adjusted for multiple potential confounders. Mid-life leptin was not related to dementia risk using Cox or logistic regression models. This was observed despite positive baseline correlations between leptin and adiposity measures, and given our previous report of high mid-life waist-to-hip ratio being related to a twofold higher dementia risk. Leptin is not a mid-life marker of late-life dementia risk in this population sample of Swedish women born between 1908 and 1930. Copyright © 2012 The Alzheimer's Association. Published by Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

  17. BLOOD METABOLIC HORMONES AND LEPTIN IN GROWING LAMBS

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Zvonko Antunović

    2010-12-01

    Full Text Available The aim of this paper is to determine the concentration of blood metabolic hormones and leptin levels in growing lambs. The research was carried out on Tsigai lambs in two periods (suckling and fattening during the winter feeding season. Lambs were suckling and ate a food mixture and alfalfa hay ad libitum, while during the fattening period they were fed only with the above mentioned mixture and alfalfa hay ad libitum. Their blood was analyzed on 35th and 75th day of age. Concentrations of minsulin, leptin and thyroid hormones were determined in the blood serum of lambs during both periods. In the blood of fattening lambs significantly higher (P0.05 insulin concentrations (1.05 and 0.54 μU/mL, were determined, compared to suckling lambs. A significant strong positive correlation between serum leptin and insulin (r = 0.85, P0.05. The concentration of thyroid hormones did not significantly differ depending on the period of measurement. These changes indicate that the measurement concentrations of metabolic hormones and leptin in blood are very important in order to understand the changes of metabolism and nutrient supply in growing lambs.

  18. Impact of enteral supplements enriched with omega-3 fatty acids and/or omega-6 fatty acids, arginine and ribonucleic acid compounds on leptin levels and nutritional status in active Crohn's disease treated with prednisolone

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Nielsen, Aneta Aleksandra; Nielsen, Jens Nederby; Grønbaek, Henning;

    2007-01-01

    BACKGROUND: Patients with Crohn's disease (CD) often develop malnutrition due to disease activity. We aimed to assess the effect of two different enteral supplements of Impact(R) Powder (IP; Novartis, Switzerland) on leptin levels and nutritional status in active CD patients during prednisolone t...

  19. Impact of enteral supplements enriched with omega-3 fatty acids and/or omega-6 fatty acids, arginine and ribonucleic acid compounds on leptin levels and nutritional status in active Crohn's disease treated with prednisolone

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Nielsen, Aneta Aleksandra; Nielsen, Jens Nederby; Grønbaek, Henning

    2007-01-01

    BACKGROUND: Patients with Crohn's disease (CD) often develop malnutrition due to disease activity. We aimed to assess the effect of two different enteral supplements of Impact(R) Powder (IP; Novartis, Switzerland) on leptin levels and nutritional status in active CD patients during prednisolone t...

  20. Chronic heat stress up-regulates leptin and adiponectin secretion and expression and improves leptin, adiponectin and insulin sensitivity in mice.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Morera, Patrizia; Basiricò, Loredana; Hosoda, Kenji; Bernabucci, Umberto

    2012-04-01

    Heat stress (HS) induces adaptive responses that are responsible for alterations of carbohydrate and lipid metabolism. This study aimed to evaluate the effects of chronic heat treatment on the expression and secretion of leptin and adiponectin, important regulators of energy homeostasis, food intake and insulin action. C57BL/6 mice were subdivided into three groups (24 mice each). The first group was kept under control conditions (C: 22±2 °C). The second group was exposed to HS (35±1 °C). The third group was kept under control conditions and was food restricted (FR). The HS group had higher rectal temperature than the C and FR groups and lower food intake than the C group. Hspa1 (Hspa1a) gene expression in adipose tissue, muscle and liver was higher under HS than FR and C. Heat treatment resulted in decreased blood glucose and non-esterified fatty acids; increased leptin, adiponectin and insulin secretion; and greater glucose disposal. Leptin, adiponectin, leptin and adiponectin receptors, insulin receptor substrate-1 and glucose transporter mRNAs were up-regulated in HS mice. This study provides evidence that HS improves leptin and adiponectin signalling in adipose tissue, muscle and liver. Heat stress was responsible for improving insulin sensitivity and glucose uptake in peripheral tissues, probably mediated by adipokines. Changes in the adipokine levels and sensitivity to them may be considered as an adaptive response to heat.

  1. Leptin controls rabbit ovarian function in vivo and in vitro: possible interrelationships with ghrelin.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sirotkin, A V; Rafay, J; Kotwica, J

    2009-10-01

    The aim of these in vivo and in vitro studies was to examine the role of leptin in the control of plasma hormone concentrations, reproduction, and secretory activity of ovarian granulosa cells. In in vivo experiments, 15 female European domestic rabbit (Oryctolagus cuniculus) were treated with leptin (5 microg animal(-1)d(-1) for 1 wk before induction of ovulation with 25 IU equine chorionic gonadotropin and 0.25 IU human chorionic gonadotropin), and 15 females constituted the control group (treated with phosphate-buffered saline). Plasma concentrations of progesterone (P(4)), testosterone (T), estradiol (E(2)), estrone sulfate (ES), and insulin-like growth factor I (IGF-I) were determined at the estimated day of ovulation by radioimmunoassay (RIA), and number, viability, and body weight of newborns were recorded at parturition. In in vitro experiments, granulosa cells were isolated from periovulatory ovarian follicles of five control and five females treated with ghrelin (10 microg animal(-1)d(-1) for 1 wk before induced ovulation). Isolated cells were cultured for 2 d with and without leptin (0, 1, 10, or 100 ng/mL medium). Secretion of P(4), T, E(2), IGF-I, and prostaglandin F (PGF) was assessed in culture medium by RIA. In in vivo experiments, leptin administrations reduced plasma P(4), T, E(2), ES, and IGF-I levels. Leptin treatments did not affect ovarian weight or total number and body mass of newborns, but the proportion of pregnant females and number of live newborns were significantly higher in leptin-treated females than that in control females. In in vitro experiments, leptin significantly decreased (at 1 and 10 ng/mL) or increased (at 100 ng/mL) P(4) secretion, promoted E(2) and IGF-I (both at 100 ng/mL) secretion, and reduced T (at 1 and 10 ng/mL) and PGF (at 10 ng/mL) secretion. Granulosa cells from ghrelin-treated animals secreted less P(4), T, E(2), and PGF, but not IGF-I, than that secreted by granulosa cells from control animals. Furthermore

  2. 糖尿病慢性肾脏疾病患者血清瘦素和血脂水平的变化及其临床意义的研究%Study of the level of serum leptin and lipid in type 2 diabetes patients with chronic kidney disease

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王颖; 朱铁虹; 佟俊旺; 陈冬; 魏剑芬; 吴乃君; 盛佳曦; 戚晓渊; 毕西娟

    2015-01-01

    Objective To explore the changes of serum leptin and lipid levels in type 2 diabetes patients with chronic kidney disease (CKD) and its clinical significance. Methods 120 cases with T2DM were divided into <30 mg/24 h group(n=41) ,30~299 mg/24 h group(n=44) and ≥300 mg/24 h group (n=35) according to the UAER.40 healthy volunteers were selected as normal control (NC) group. FPG , HbA1 c ,serum leptin and lipid were measured. Results In the early stage of diabetic nephropathy group and middle—late stage group ,The levels of FPG ,HbA1 c ,Leptin ,TG ,TC and LDL‐C were higher ,and HDL‐C was lower in different CKD groups than in NC group (P< 0.05).The levels of FPG ,HbA1c , leptin ,TC ,TG LDL‐C were higher ,and HDL‐C was lower in 30~299 mg/24 h group and ≥300 mg/24 h group than in <30 mg/24 h group ,moreover those indexes were higher in ≥300 mg/24 h group than in 30~299 mg/24 h group (P< 0.05). Leptin level was positively correlated with UAER (P< 0.01). Conclusion HbA1 c ,leptin and lipid level is increased in CKD patients ,and correlated with the degrees of microvascular disease. The levels of HbA1 c ,leptin ,blood lipid levels can predict the progress of CKD.%目的:探讨糖尿病慢性肾脏疾病(CKD)患者血清瘦素(Lep)和血脂水平的变化及其临床意义。方法根据UAER水平将120例T2DM患者分为<30 mg/24 h组41例、30~299 mg/24 h组44例和≥300 mg/24 h组35例,另选取健康志愿者40名作为对照(NC)组。检测FPG、HbA1c、Lep及血脂各项。结果 CKD各组FPG、HbA1c、Lep、TG、TC、LDL‐C水平均高于NC组,HDL‐C低于NC组(P<0.05)。30~299 mg/24 h组和≥300 mg/24 h组FPG、HbA1c、Lep、TC、TG、LDL‐C水平高于<30 mg/24 h组,HDL‐C低于<30 mg/24 h组,且≥300 mg/24 h组高于30~299 mg/24 h组(P<0.05)。Lep水平与UAER呈正相关(P<0.01)。结论 CKD患者HbA1 c、Lep、血脂水平均升高,且与微血管

  3. Leptin im Knochenstoffwechsel

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Vock L

    2003-01-01

    Full Text Available Leptin ist ein in Adipozyten exprimiertes Hormon mit vielfältigen Funktionen im gesamten Organismus. Verschiedene Studien legen eine positive Wirkung von Leptin auf den Knochenstoffwechsel nahe. In vitro führte die Inkubation von Knochenmarkstromazellen mit Leptin zu deren Differenzierung zu Osteoblasten und Mineralisation der Matrix. Bei ovarektomierten Ratten konnte durch Leptin der Knochenverlust vermindert werden. Überraschenderweise zeigten andere Studien eine zentrale inhibitorische Wirkung von Leptin auf Osteoblasten bei Nagern. Diese einander scheinbar widersprechenden Ergebnisse zeigen, daß die molekularen Mechanismen, mit welchen Leptin auf den Knochenstoffwechsel wirkt, noch nicht ausreichend verstanden werden. In klinischen Studien findet sich eine protektive Wirkung von Fettmasse und "body mass index" (BMI auf die Knochendichte (postmenopausaler Frauen überwiegend bestätigt. Damit im Einklang, konnten erhöhte Leptinspiegel gefunden werden. Ob Leptin nun direkt in den Knochenstoffwechsel eingreift oder bloß indirekt etwa über eine erhöhte mechanische Belastung, läßt sich aus klinischen Studien allein nicht beantworten. Hingegen dürfte Leptin im Knochenstoffwechsel von Männern keine oder nur eine untergeordnete Rolle spielen. Die Situation bei Kindern und Jugendlichen ist noch unklar, wobei eine positive Wirkung von Leptin in fetalem Knochen relativ sicher ist. Leptin könnte jedoch auch im Wachstum und der Knochenreifung bei Kindern und Jugendlichen eine Rolle spielen.

  4. The Effects of Leptin Replacement on Neural Plasticity

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    Gilberto J. Paz-Filho

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available Leptin, an adipokine synthesized and secreted mainly by the adipose tissue, has multiple effects on the regulation of food intake, energy expenditure, and metabolism. Its recently-approved analogue, metreleptin, has been evaluated in clinical trials for the treatment of patients with leptin deficiency due to mutations in the leptin gene, lipodystrophy syndromes, and hypothalamic amenorrhea. In such patients, leptin replacement therapy has led to changes in brain structure and function in intra- and extrahypothalamic areas, including the hippocampus. Furthermore, in one of those patients, improvements in neurocognitive development have been observed. In addition to this evidence linking leptin to neural plasticity and function, observational studies evaluating leptin-sufficient humans have also demonstrated direct correlation between blood leptin levels and brain volume and inverse associations between circulating leptin and risk for the development of dementia. This review summarizes the evidence in the literature on the role of leptin in neural plasticity (in leptin-deficient and in leptin-sufficient individuals and its effects on synaptic activity, glutamate receptor trafficking, neuronal morphology, neuronal development and survival, and microglial function.

  5. Expression of Leptin In Early Placental Development- Its Association With Maternal Nutritional Status

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Babu JJ Geddam

    2012-07-01

    Full Text Available Background: Placenta is a transient embryonic organ of communication between mother and fetus during pregnancy and is the only channel for transfer of nutrition as well as other factors from mother to fetus. Placental tissues from humans contain leptin and its receptors. As already known leptin is an endocrine hormone and growth factor that is important for the regulation of body fat, feeding and energy homeostasis and also plays a crucial role. Objectives: To assess and compare the expression of leptin in the products of consumption during early gestation (5 to 12 weeks from mothers of low and high socioeconomic status groups (LSEG and HSEG and to relate to their nutritional status. Material: Products of conception obtained at 5 to 12 weeks of gestation, from healthy women undergoing medical termination of pregnancy constituted the study material. Methodology: A total about 18 placental samples from low and 11 from high socio economic group (HSEG were examined. Products of conception obtained from the scrapings of basal plate after vacuum extraction following termination of pregnancy were stored in formalin. Sections from basal plate were selected and stained for leptin. Imuuno histochemical stained sections were studied for percentage of villi, percentage of cytotrophoblast and percentage of stained positive blood vessels as well as intensity of staining pattern were carried out by using kits (Santa Cruz, Biotechnology, California. Nutritional status of the subjects were measured by recording weight, height, hemoglobin, serum retinol, serum folic acid and serum zinc levels. Results: Percentage of villi staining positively for leptin was significantly higher 80.7% (P<0.05 in the undernourished group when compared to well nourished 70.8% but expression of leptin in Cytotrophoblast (CTB was significantly 59.7% (P<0.05 higher in well-nourished group. Conclusion: Expression of leptin in villi was significantly higher in the undernourished groups as

  6. Exploring leptin antagonism in ophthalmic cell models.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Laura Scolaro

    Full Text Available BACKGROUND: Emerging evidence suggests that angiogenic and pro-inflammatory cytokine leptin might be implicated in ocular neovascularization. However, the potential of inhibiting leptin function in ophthalmic cells has never been explored. Here we assessed mitogenic, angiogenic, and signaling leptin activities in retinal and corneal endothelial cells and examined the capability of a specific leptin receptor (ObR antagonist, Allo-aca, to inhibit these functions. METHODS AND RESULTS: The experiments were carried out in monkey retinal (RF/6A and bovine corneal (BCE endothelial cells. Leptin at 50-250 ng/mL stimulated the growth of both cell lines in a dose-dependent manner. The maximal mitogenic response (35±7 and 27±3% in RF6A and BCE cells, respectively was noted at 24 h of 250 ng/mL leptin treatments. Leptin-dependent proliferation was reduced to base levels with 10 and 100 nM Allo-aca in BCE and RF6A cells, respectively. In both cell lines, leptin promoted angiogenic responses, with the maximal increase in tube formation (163±10 and 133±8% in RF6A and BCE cultures, respectively observed under a 250 ng/mL leptin treatment for 3 h. Furthermore, in both cell lines 250 ng/mL leptin modulated the activity or expression of several signaling molecules involved in proliferation, inflammatory activity and angiogenesis, such as STAT3, Akt, and ERK1/2, COX2, and NFκB. In both cell lines, leptin-induced angiogenic and signaling responses were significantly inhibited with 100 nM Allo-aca. We also found that leptin increased its own mRNA and protein expression in both cell lines, and this autocrine effect was abolished by 100-250 nM Allo-aca. CONCLUSIONS: Our data provide new insights into the role of leptin in ocular endothelial cells and represent the first original report on targeting ObR in ophthalmic cell models.

  7. Fatness rather than leptin sensitivity determines the timing of puberty in female mice.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bohlen, Tabata M; Silveira, Marina A; Zampieri, Thais T; Frazão, Renata; Donato, Jose

    2016-03-05

    Leptin is a permissive factor for the onset of puberty. However, changes in adiposity frequently influence leptin sensitivity. Thus, the objective of the present study was to investigate how changes in body weight, fatness, leptin levels and leptin sensitivity interact to control the timing of puberty in female mice. Pre-pubertal obesity, induced by raising C57BL/6 mice in small litters, led to an early puberty onset. Inactivation of Socs3 gene in the brain or exclusively in leptin receptor-expressing cells reduced the body weight and leptin levels at pubertal onset, and increased leptin sensitivity. Notably, these female mice exhibited significant delays in vaginal opening, first estrus and onset of estrus cyclicity. In conclusion, our findings suggest that increased leptin sensitivity did not play an important role in favoring pubertal onset in female mice. Rather, changes in pubertal body weight, fatness and/or leptin levels were more important in influencing the timing of puberty.

  8. Adiponectin, leptin and IL-1 β in elderly diabetic patients with mild cognitive impairment

    OpenAIRE

    2015-01-01

    The aim of the study was to determine the serum levels of adiponectin, leptin and IL-1 β in elderly diabetic patients with and without mild cognitive impairment (MCI) and to examine the associations of these markers with clinical and cognitive parameters. A biochemical evaluation was performed of 62 seniors with type 2 diabetes (T2DM) and MCI, and 132 seniors with T2DM but without MCI (controls). Serum leptin and IL-1 β levels were higher and adiponectin concentration was lower in MCI patient...

  9. Concepts in leptin and liver disease

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    El-Badawy Reda

    2004-01-01

    Full Text Available Leptin is a cytokine l6kd peptide hormone. Its crucial role is regulation of appetite and the body fat mass mainly through action on the hypothalamus. It is produced mainly in adipocytes of white fat, as well as from other tissues e.g. placenta, skeletal muscles, fundus of the stomach and activated hepatic stellate cell (HSC and recently reported that leptin is produced from B cell of islands of the pancreas. The gene responsible for production is present on chromosome 7 called obse gene (ob/gene. Leptin receptors (OB-R were present in two forms short (OB-Ra or OB-RS and long one (OB-Rb or OB-RI. The main action of leptin depends on long form (OB-Rl, where very little evidence is available implicating a role for the short form in the action of leptin. One of the unconventional areas in which leptin is now receiving great attention is liver diseases as several published studies indicate that circulating leptin level are increased in cirrhosis, hepatitis C virus (HCV and non-alcoholic steatohepatitis (NASH

  10. Leptin receptor 170 kDa (OB-R170) protein expression is reduced in obese human skeletal muscle: a potential mechanism of leptin resistance

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Fuentes, T; Ara, I; Guadalupe-Grau, A

    2010-01-01

    To examine whether obesity-associated leptin resistance could be due to down-regulation of leptin receptors (OB-Rs) and/or up-regulation of suppressor of cytokine signalling 3 (SOCS3) and protein tyrosine phosphatase 1B (PTP1B) in skeletal muscle, which blunt janus kinase 2-dependent leptin...... had a greater amount of leptin receptors than the vastus lateralis, whilst SOCS3 protein expression was increased and basal STAT3, AMPKalpha and ACCbeta phosphorylation levels were reduced in the vastus lateralis compared with the deltoid muscle (all P leptin...... receptors and leptin signalling are reduced in obesity, particularly in the leg muscles....

  11. Avaliação dos efeitos do estradiol e do FSH nos níveis de leptina em mulheres com supressão da função hipofisária Effects of estradiol and FSH on leptin levels in women with pituitary suppression

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Selmo Geber

    2005-04-01

    groups, as leptin levels increased from 10.42 to 15.68 ng/mL in the FSH group and from 11.09 to 14.5 ng/mL in the estradiol group, following estradiol increase. The growth rate of leptin was higher in women with higher estradiol levels, i.e., who had induced cycles with recombinant FSH, than in those who received estradiol valerate (159.60±58.01 and 136.73±34.17, respectively. CONCLOSION: we may state that leptin correlated with BMI and that both FSH and estradiol do interfere in the regulation of leptin production in women.

  12. 妊娠期高血压疾病患者血清瘦素水平的变化及意义%The clinical significance of serum leptin level in patients with hypertensive disorders in pregnancy

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    刘建; 廖宗敏; 胡红波; 钟梅

    2015-01-01

    Objective To study the relationship between serum leptin level and the generation with hypertensive disor-ders in pregnancy. Methods Normal pregnant women (20 cases),gestational hypertension patients (20 cases),mild preeclampsia (20 cases),severe preeclampsia (20 cases) in our hospital from October 2010 to June 2014 were studied by measuring serum leptin content with radioimmunoassay. Results Maternal serum leptin levels and systolic and diastolic blood pressure of each group was positively correlated (P0.05);Leptin was significantly increased in severe preeclampsia group than that of the mild preeclampsia group and gestational hypertension group (P0.05);重度子痫前期组较轻度子痫前期组、妊娠期高血压组孕妇的血瘦素水平均增高,差异有统计学意义(P<0.05);轻度子痫前期组较妊娠期高血压组孕妇的血瘦素水平增高,差异有统计学意义(P<0.05)。结论瘦素参与妊娠期高血压疾病的发生、病情发展,并且在疾病进展中有升高的倾向,瘦素是妊娠期高血压疾病的发病机制之一。

  13. Hypoxic Living and Exercise Training Alter Adipose Tissue Leptin/Leptin Receptor in Rats.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lu, Yingli; Feng, Lianshi; Xie, Minhao; Zhang, Li; Xu, Jianfang; He, Zihong; You, Tongjian

    2016-01-01

    Background: Hypobaric hypoxia results in weight loss in obese individuals, and exercise training is advocated for the treatment of obesity and its related metabolic dysfunctions. The purpose of this study was to investigate the effects of hypoxic living and exercise training on obesity and adipose tissue leptin/leptin receptor in dietary-induced obese rats. Methods: One hundred and thirty high-fat diet fed Sprague-Dawley rats were assigned into one of the following groups (n = 10 each): control, sedentary hypoxic living for 1-4 weeks (SH1, SH2, SH3, and SH4), living, and exercise training in normoxic conditions for 1-4 weeks (TN1, TN2, TN3, and TN4), and living and exercise training in hypoxic conditions for 1-4 weeks (TN1, TN2, TN3, and TN4). Epididymal adipose tissue expression levels of leptin and leptin receptor were determined Results: Compared to hypoxic living and living and exercise training in normoxic conditions, living and exercise training in hypoxic conditions for 3-4 weeks resulted in lower Lee index (P leptin and leptin receptor (P adipose tissue. Conclusion: In a rodent model of altitude training, living, and exercise training in hypoxic conditions resulted in greater alterations in obesity and adipose tissue leptin/leptin receptor than hypoxic living alone and living and exercise training in normoxic conditions.

  14. Plasma Leptin in Patients at Intermediate to High Cardiovascular Risk With and Without Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Montagnana, Martina; Fava, Cristiano; Targher, Giovanni; Franchini, Massimo; Danese, Elisa; Bonafini, Sara; De Cata, Angela; Salvagno, Gian Luca; Ruzzenente, Orazio; Guidi, Gian Cesare; Lippi, Giuseppe

    2017-03-01

    A number of clinical studies have demonstrated that leptin concentrations are related to the metabolic disturbances that constitute the metabolic syndrome (MetS) and to diabetes mellitus (DM). To investigate possible determinants of leptin concentrations in a sample of patients at high cardiovascular (CV) risk carrying two or more features of the MetS and to investigate if any difference exist between at risk patients with or without DM. Serum leptin concentrations were measured in 60 consecutive male patients affected by at least two CV risk factors which belong to the National Cholesterol Education Program/Adult Treatment Panel III (NCEP/ATP III) definition of MetS: 30 patients affected by type 2 DM (T2DM) and 30 nondiabetic patients (non-T2DM). Nineteen healthy subjects were included in the study as a control group (HC). Leptin was significantly higher in patients carrying two or more features of the MetS compared with HC (P = 0.02). Stratifying MetS patients for DM, we found that leptin level was higher in non-T2DM patients (7.8 ng/ml), intermediate in T2DM (6.2 ng/ml), and lower in HC (4.6 ng/ml). In MetS patients, a positive correlation was found between leptin and waist, triglycerides, and number of MetS criteria. After stratification for T2DM, the correlations were still significant in the non-T2DM but not in the T2DM group. In our sample of moderate-to-high-risk patients, leptin level is positively associated with waist circumference and triglycerides but only in non-T2DM patients. Our data suggest that diabetic subjects could modulate leptin production in a different way compared with patients carrying other MetS-related anomalies. © 2016 Wiley Periodicals, Inc.

  15. Leptin in Relation to the Lipodystrophy-Associated Metabolic Syndrome

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Christos S. Mantzoros

    2012-06-01

    Full Text Available Leptin, an adipocyte-secreted hormone, regulates energy homeostasis as well as reproductive, neuroendocrine, immune and metabolic functions. Subjects with decreased amounts of fat in their adipose tissue, i.e., lipoatrophy, have low leptin levels. In the context of open-label, uncontrolled studies leptin administration, in physiological replacement doses, has been shown to have metabolically salutary effects in the rare patients with the syndrome of congenital lipodystrophy accompanied by leptin deficiency. Much more patients with lipodystrophy suffer from lipodystrophy and the metabolic syndrome associated with the use of highly active antiretroviral therapy. In this so called highly active antiretroviral therapy (HAART-associated lipodystrophy and metabolic syndrome, patients demonstrate fat maldistribution with dyslipidemia, insulin resistance, and other metabolic complications. Leptin administration has been shown to decrease central fat mass and to improve fasting insulin/glucose levels and insulin sensitivity in human immunodeficiency virus-infected h